iPhoto 2: Visual QuickStart Guide Greetings! Welcome to this sample chapter from my book iPhoto 2 for Mac OS X: Visual QuickStart Guide. I appreciate the time you spent downloading the file, and I hope you find it helpful as you use Apple’s iPhoto 2. Of course, my not-so-secret goal is that you’ll find the many tips and techniques here so useful that you’ll want to buy a copy of the book so you can read the rest of the chapters. They document everything you can do in iPhoto 2 with the same step-by-step style used in the following pages. Notice that I’ve left the full Table of Contents and Index in this file so you can get a sense for what more you can learn from the complete book. If you’re not used to electronic books, note that I created bookmarks (in the left pane) for each page and made it so every entry in the Table of Contents is a link; just click one to jump to the appropriate page. All email addresses, Web links, and internal chapter references are also clickable to help you avoid unnecessary typing and navigating. And if you like using this PDF, keep in mind that a PDF of the full book is available for free for anyone who buys the paper version. Enjoy! –Adam Engst, May 2003 Click the image to order the book! B O O K L E V E L advanced iPHOTO 2 FOR MAC OS X Takes an easy, visual approach to teaching iPhoto, using pictures to guide you through the software and show you what to do. Works like a reference book—you look up what you need and then get straight to work. No long-winded passages—concise, straightforward commentary explains what you need to know. Adam Engst is the publisher of TidBITS, one of the oldest and most-respected Internet newsletters, distributed weekly to many thousands of readers. His writing credits include the first edition of the iPhoto Visual QuickStart Guide, a co-author spot on The Wireless Networking Starter Kit, and two editions of the Eudora Visual QuickStart Guide, all for Peachpit Press. He is also the author of the best-selling Internet Starter Kit series and many magazine articles stemming from contributing editor positions at MacUser, MacWEEK, and Macworld. Industry surveys repeatedly rank him as one of the most influential and visionary people in the Macintosh industry, and he has been turned into an action figure. He is never far from his digital camera. USA $19.99 Canada $31.99 UK £14.99 Over d s an p i T 0 40 ues! q i n h c Te ADAM C. ENGST Visual QuickStart Guide iPHOTO FOR MAC OS X Teach yourself iPhoto the quick and easy way! This Visual QuickStart Guide uses pictures rather than lengthy ENGST Peachpit Press 1249 Eighth Street, Berkeley, CA 94710 800 283-9444 510 524-2178 fax 510 524-2221 Find us on the World Wide Web at: www.peachpit.com FOR MAC OS X Companion Web site at http://iphoto.tidbits.com/ offers answers to frequently asked questions. iPHOTO 2 Need to learn iPhoto fast? Try a Visual QuickStart! VISUAL QUICKSTART GUIDE ✓ beginning ✓ intermediate explanations. You’ll be up FOR COMPUTERS USING: Mac OS X 10.1.5 or later COMPUTER BOOK SHELF CATEGORY: Multimedia / Digital Photography and running in no time! VISUAL QUICKSTART GUIDE IPHOTO 2 FOR MAC OS X Adam C. Engst Peachpit Press Visual QuickStart Guide iPhoto 2 for Mac OS X Adam C. Engst Peachpit Press 1249 Eighth Street Berkeley, CA 94710 510/524-2178 800/283-9444 510/524-2221 (fax) Find us on the World Wide Web at www.peachpit.com. To report errors, please send a note to [email protected] Peachpit Press is a division of Pearson Education. Copyright © 2003 by Adam C. Engst Editor: Nancy Davis Production Coordinator: Lisa Brazieal Copyeditor: Tonya Engst Compositor: Adam C. Engst Indexer: Rebecca Plunkett Cover Design: The Visual Group Cover Production: Nathalie Valette Notice of rights All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. For information on getting permission for reprints and excerpts, contact [email protected] Notice of liability The information in this book is distributed on an “As Is” basis, without warranty. While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of the book, neither the author nor Peachpit Press, shall have any liability to any person or entity with respect to any loss or damage caused or alleged to be caused directly or indirectly by the instructions contained in this book or by the computer software and hardware products described in it. Trademarks Visual QuickStart Guide is a registered trademark of Peachpit Press, a division of Pearson Education. iPhoto, iTunes, iDVD, and iMovie are registered trademarks and/or registered service marks of Apple Computer, Inc. ISBN 0-321-19776-3 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Printed and bound in the United States of America Dedication To my son, Tristan Mackay Engst, the subject of so many of my photographs. About the Author Adam C. Engst is the publisher of TidBITS, one of the oldest and largest Internet-based newsletters, distributed weekly to many thousands of readers (find TidBITS at www.tidbits.com). He has written numerous Internet books, including the best-selling Internet Starter Kit series, and many articles for magazines, including Macworld, where he is currently a contributing editor. He has appeared on a variety of internationally broadcast television and radio programs. His indefatigable support of the Macintosh community and commitment to helping people has resulted in numerous awards and recognition at the highest levels. In the annual MDJ Power 25 survey of industry insiders, he ranked as the second (2000) and third (2001 & 2002) most influential person in the Macintosh industry, and he was named one of MacDirectory’s top ten visionaries. And how many industry figures can boast of being turned into an action figure? Please send comments about the book to Adam at [email protected] or post them on the book’s Web site at http://iphoto.tidbits.com/. Other Books by Adam C. Engst The Wireless Networking Starter Kit Eudora 4.2 for Windows & Macintosh: Visual QuickStart Guide Crossing Platforms: A Macintosh/Windows Phrasebook Internet Starter Kit for Macintosh Special Thanks Featured Photographers No book is the work of a single person, and many people helped with this one, including I took most of the photos you see in this book, but I also included some pictures from friends and the folks at Peachpit Press. A tip of the lens cap to: Marjorie Baer, Trish Booth, Lisa Brazieal, Doug Davenport, GaryPaul Prince, and Mimi Vitetta. Tonya Engst (not only my wonderful wife, but also a great copyeditor) Nancy Davis (an excellent editor and an almost geographically suitable friend) Lisa Brazieal (who can spot a wayward pixel at ten paces) Nancy Ruenzel (for giving me the nod on this book) Kim Lombardi and Scott Cowlin (for PR and marketing wizardry) Chris Engst (for watching Tristan!) Glenn Fleishman and Marshall Clow (without whose help I could never have explained color management and resolution) Keith Kubarek, Sandro Menzel, Cory Byard, and Laurie Clow (for their photography knowledge and tips) Jeff Carlson, Geoff Duncan, Matt Neuburg, and Mark Anbinder (for helping keep TidBITS running) Technical Colophon I wrote this book using the following hardware and software. A dual-processor 1 GHz Power Mac G4 with two 17-inch Apple Studio Display monitors for writing and layout, a Canon PowerShot S100 camera, and an Addonics Pocket DigiDrive card reader Mac OS X 10.2 Jaguar, iPhoto 2, Adobe InDesign 2.0 for layout that actually works in Mac OS X, Snapz Pro X for screen shots, GraphicConverter 4.4, and the Peachpit VQS template Contents at a Glance Getting Started 1 Chapter 2: Importing and Managing Photos 11 Chapter 3: Organizing Photos 29 Chapter 4: Editing Photos 53 Chapter 5: Creating Books 75 Chapter 6: Sharing Photos 99 Chapter 7: Troubleshooting 147 Appendix A: Deep Background 159 Appendix B: Taking Better Photos 167 Index 179 v Contents at a Glance Chapter 1: Table of Contents Table of Contents Chapter 1: Chapter 2: Chapter 3: Getting Started 1 Hardware and Software Requirements . . . . . . . . . . Acquiring iPhoto . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Installing iPhoto via Software Update . . . . . . . . . . . Installing iPhoto Manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Updating from 1.1.1 to 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Launching iPhoto . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iPhoto’s Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interface Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Importing and Managing Photos 11 Entering Import Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Importing from a Camera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Importing from a Card Reader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Importing from Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Importing from a Kodak Photo/Picture CD . . . . Importing from an iPhoto Disc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Importing Only Selected Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iPhoto Directory Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deleting Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recovering Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creating Multiple iPhoto Library Folders . . . . . . Switching between iPhoto Library Folders . . . . . Backing Up Your Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Backup Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Merging iPhoto Library Folders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iPhoto and Image Capture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Organizing Photos 29 Entering Organize Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Organize Tools Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Changing the Display Pane’s Layout . . . . . . . . . . . Setting Display Preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contextual Menu Shortcuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moving Around in iPhoto . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Editing Film Rolls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creating Albums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Duplicating Albums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Renaming and Rearranging Albums . . . . . . . . . . . vi 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 Table of Contents Chapter 4: 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 Editing Photos 53 Entering Edit Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contextual Menu Shortcuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Edit Tools Overview (Display Pane) . . . . . . . . . . . . Edit Tools Overview (Separate Window) . . . . . . . Customizing the Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Using the Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Zooming Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Duplicating Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rotating Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enhancing Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Making Photos Black-and-White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Adjusting Brightness and Contrast . . . . . . . . . . . . Selecting Portions of Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Specific Aspect Ratios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cropping Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reducing Red-Eye . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retouching Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Undoing Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Editing in Another Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recommended Image-Editing Programs . . . . . . . 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 Creating Books 75 Switching Modes while Creating Books . . . . . . . . Book Tools Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creating Books . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Designing Books . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Designing Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arranging Photos on Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dealing with Warning Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Entering and Editing Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typing Text “Correctly” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 vii Table of Contents Chapter 5: Deleting Albums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Selecting Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Adding Photos to Albums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Removing Photos from Albums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arranging Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assigning Titles to Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assigning Comments to Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Editing Photo Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Managing Keywords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assigning and Removing Keywords . . . . . . . . . . . . Searching via Keyword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Searching for Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing Photo Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table of Contents Changing Fonts and Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Changing Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Changing Text Color . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Checking Spelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Checking Spelling As You Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previewing Books . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printing Books on Your Own Printer . . . . . . . . . . . Catalog Book Example and Ideas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Classic Book Example and Ideas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Picture Book Example and Ideas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Portfolio Book Example and Ideas . . . . . . . . . . . . . Story Book Example and Ideas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Year Book Example and Ideas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table of Contents Chapter 6: viii 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 Sharing Photos 99 Accessing Sharing Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sharing Tools Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printing Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previewing Prints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printing Contact Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printing Full-Page Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printing Greeting Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printing N-Up Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printing Sampler Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printing Standard Prints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printing Custom Layouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printing Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting up Slideshows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Running Slideshows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Slideshow Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creating an iMovie Slideshow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Emailing Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Ways of Emailing Photos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting up an Apple ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Using Your Apple ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Preparing to Order Prints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ordering Prints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ordering Books . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Book Observations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting up a .Mac Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Major .Mac Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Publishing Photos Using HomePage . . . . . . . . . . Managing HomePage Albums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Publishing .Mac Slides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Subscribing to .Mac Slides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 Table of Contents Chapter 7: Troubleshooting 147 General Problems and Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Importing Problems and Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . Editing Problems and Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printing Problems and Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . Print and Book Problems and Solutions . . . . . . . Print and Book Ordering Problems and Solutions Help Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dealing with Warning Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appendix A: Deep Background 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 148 150 152 154 155 156 157 158 159 Understanding Aspect Ratios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 Understanding Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 Understanding Color Management . . . . . . . . . . . 164 Appendix B: Taking Better Pictures 167 What Kind of Photographer Are You? . . . . . . . . Choosing a Camera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Where to Read Camera Reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Camera Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Photo Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . More General Photo Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Portrait Photo Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Child and Pet Photo Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Landscape Photo Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Travel Photo Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Index 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 179 ix Table of Contents Setting the Desktop Picture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creating a Screen Saver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creating a DVD Slideshow with iDVD . . . . . . . . iDVD Slideshow Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sharing Photos on Disc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Receiving an iPhoto Disc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exporting Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exporting Files by Dragging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exporting to Web Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Web Page Export Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exporting to QuickTime Movies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Distributing QuickTime Movies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sharing Photos with Users on Your Mac . . . . . . Sharing Photos with Networked Macs . . . . . . . . Extending iPhoto with AppleScript . . . . . . . . . . . iPhoto AppleScript Scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sharing Photos 6 iPhoto shines when it comes to sharing photos. It lets you print photos on your own printer, run custom slideshows with music, email photos to friends, order higher quality prints than you may be able to coax out of your printer, order the books we created in the last chapter, publish photos on Apple’s Web-based .Mac HomePage service, create custom screen savers, export pictures to individual files, create Web pages for posting on your own Web site, and even generate QuickTime movie slideshows that you can share with anyone. Phew! For the most part, Apple has done a good job of implementing these features, although I’ll help you avoid some pitfalls and tell you about some other programs and plug-ins that extend iPhoto’s flexibility and power. 99 Sharing Photos I can imagine an avant-garde photo exhibit where all the frames are empty, because the artist is making a statement about his reluctance to transfer art from the hidden world of the camera to the open light of day. Luckily, I’m sure no one reading this book would suffer from such intellectual foolishness. We take pictures to look at them, and to share them with our family, friends, colleagues, and customers. Chapter 6 Accessing Sharing Tools In iPhoto 2, Apple eliminated the share mode that existed in the previous versions, moving some of the sharing tools to organize mode, and making others available only from iPhoto’s menus. Figure 6.1 To switch into organize mode at any time, click the Organize button. Ways to access sharing tools: Accessing Sharing Tools At any time, click the Organize button under the display pane (Figure 6.1). See “Entering Organize Mode” in Chapter 3, “Organizing Photos,” for other methods. You can run a slideshow at any time. Just select an album or some individual photos, and then click the triangular slideshow button under the album pane. Some of the sharing tools are accessible from the File menu even when you’re in other modes (Figure 6.2). You can print photos at any time by selecting one or more photos (or an entire album) and choosing Print from the File menu (xP )—it’s the same as clicking the Print button. You can also print copies of books on your own printer, but the only way to do so is to choose Print from the File menu (xP ) when you’re in book mode. Also, choosing Export from the File menu (xsE ) is now the only way to display the Export Photos dialog. 100 Figure 6.2 You can access the Print and Export commands from the File menu. Sharing Photos Sharing Tools Overview When you click a button for a sharing tool in the organize pane (Figure 6.3), expect iPhoto to open a window or dialog. Tip Album pane. Create and work with collections of photos here. This indicator shows the number of photos selected (4) in the current set (26). Remember that exporting and printing books must be done from the File menu. Selected pictures (note the frames around the images). Info pane. Information about your images and albums shows up here. You can modify titles, dates, and comments. Size slider. Adjust this slider to resize the contents of the display pane. Click to run a slideshow. Click to add an album. Burn button. Click to start the process of burning selected photos to CD or DVD. Click to hide or show the info pane. Click to rotate the selected image(s) clockwise. Option-click to rotate counterclockwise. Print button. Click to display the Print dialog, in which you select print styles and other options. Order Prints button. Click to display the Order Prints window, which lets you pick photo sizes and enter order Email button. details before Click to email uploading your the selected photos autophotos. matically. Order Book button. Click to display the Order Book window, which lets you enter details about your order before uploading your photos automatically. Slideshow button. Click to display the Slideshow Settings window, in which you set options for slideshows and choose music to play during slideshows. .Mac Slides button. Click to upload the selected photos to your .Mac account for sharing with others. iDVD button. Click to send the selected photos to iDVD for a DVDbased slideshow. Desktop button. Click to use selected photos as screen savers and Desktop backgrounds. HomePage button. Click to show the Publish HomePage window, which lets you change photo titles and pick page themes before uploading your photos automatically. 101 Sharing Tools Overview Figure 6.3 Chapter 6 Printing Photos Many people prefer to print their photos on inexpensive color inkjet printers rather than waiting for online orders. To print photos: 1. Select one or more photos to print. Select your printer here. Click to see a preview in the Preview program. Help button. Click for help. Select preset printing options here. Select iPhoto’s printing style here. Click for Set options more for the style options. here. Printing Photos 2. Either choose Print from the File menu (xP ), or click the Print button in the organize pane. iPhoto displays the Print dialog (Figure 6.4). 3. From the Presets pop-up menu, choose appropriate settings (the contents are printer-specific). If you don’t like the presets, you can access all available settings by clicking Advanced Options. Figure 6.4 To print selected photos, choose Print from the File menu to display the Print dialog, select your desired options, and click the Print button. 4. From the Style menu, choose the desired style: Contact Sheet, Full Page, Greeting Card, N-Up, Sampler, or Standard Prints. 5. Set the options for the style you selected. 6. Enter the number of copies to print. 7. Click the Print button. iPhoto sends your photos to the printer. Tips In book mode, choosing Print from the File menu lets you print book pages that mix photos and text on a single page. If you see a yellow warning icon in the Print dialog, see “Dealing with Warning Icons” in Chapter 7, “Troubleshooting.” Photos print at their aspect ratios; iPhoto shrinks images proportionally to make them fit, thus increasing the border size. Save changes made in Advanced Options for repeated use by choosing Save As from the Presets menu while you’re viewing the Advanced Options settings. 102 Adding a Printer If you’ve never printed from Mac OS X before, follow these steps to add a printer. 1. In the Print dialog, choose Edit Printer List from the Printer pop-up menu to display the Printer List window. 2. Click the Add button to show the printer selection sheet. 3. Choose a printer connection method from the pop-up menu at the top of the sheet. 4. In the area below the pop-up menu, enter printer details or select a printer. 5. Click the Add button to dismiss the sheet. 6. Close the Printer List window. Sharing Photos Previewing Prints Ink and paper for color inkjet printers are expensive, particularly glossy photo paper. If you’re unsure about what’s going to print, it’s best to preview the output before committing it to expensive paper. Another reason to preview your printout is that the preview in the Print dialog only shows you the first page of photos to print. To preview prints: 1. Select one or more photos to print. Figure 6.5 To preview a printout in Apple’s Preview application (shown above), click Preview in the Print dialog. Test, Test, Test! A few things can affect how a photo looks when it comes out of your printer. Printer capabilities, both what they can do physically and what their drivers allow in the Page Setup and Print dialogs, vary by brand and model. Inkjet printers print very differently on different sorts of paper, and it’s important to match the print settings to the type of paper you’re using. iPhoto’s print styles (covered next) offer a variety of options. It may take several tries to determine the best combination of options. You may be able to try some in economy mode on cheap paper, but in the end, you may have to expend some ink on a few sheets of expensive photo paper. To reduce the waste and cost, keep good notes for subsequent printing sessions. 3. Pick a style and set desired options. 4. Click the Preview button. iPhoto “prints” the selected photos to a temporary PDF document called “Untitled” and opens it in Apple’s Preview application (Figure 6.5). 5. Click the thumbnails on the right side to see multiple pages, and when you’re done, close the window. Tips You can save the temporary document in the Preview application if you want a PDF version. Previewing in this fashion won’t help you determine if your photos will fit within the margins of your printer. Also, any printer-specific changes you make (such as forcing black ink on a color printer) won’t be reflected in the preview. See if your printer has an economy or draft mode you can use to test printer-specfic features on a single page of photos. 103 Previewing Prints 2. Either choose Print from the File menu (xP ), or click the Print button in the organize pane to display the Print dialog. Chapter 6 Printing Contact Sheets The first printing style iPhoto offers is the Contact Sheet style, which prints multiple images per sheet of paper (Figure 6.6). Uses for contact sheets Printing Contact Sheets Contact sheets are traditionally used to look at a number of photos at once, which is handy for comparing different versions of the same picture, or for letting relatives who don’t have a computer pick which photos they’d like you to order for them as prints. Figure 6.6 iPhoto’s Contact Sheet style prints multiple images per sheet of paper. You can buy special paper for stickers or decals, so printing a contact sheet could be an easy way to make custom stickers. You don’t have enough control in iPhoto to print on perforated sticker stock, so you must cut out the stickers. Tips If you select only one photo and print a contact sheet, iPhoto replicates the photo to as many spots on the page as are available. That’s handy for wallet photos. See “Printing N-Up Photos” in this chapter for slightly different options. The maximum number of photos to print across the page is 8; that gives you 13 rows for a total of 104 pictures. For more white space between photos and a layout that doesn’t print all the photos in landscape orientation, deselect the Save paper checkbox. If you want titles or comments printed as well, print pages from the Year Book or Catalog book theme instead. If you see a yellow warning icon on a photo in the Print dialog, try increasing the number of photos per page to print the photos at a smaller size. 104 ImageBuddy For more control over your contact sheets, check out the $17 ImageBuddy from KepMad Systems. ImageBuddy lets you set the number of columns and rows, whether titles will print under the images, and even the font and size of the titles. The demo version of ImageBuddy, which you can download from www.kepmad.com, prints the word Demo over each photo, but it should give you a good idea of whether or not you need ImageBuddy’s extra capabilities. Sharing Photos Printing Full-Page Photos iPhoto’s second printing style prints each selected photo at the largest size that will fit on a piece of paper (Figure 6.7). Uses for full-page prints: Anything you want to print as large as possible but don’t mind if it doesn’t match standard aspect ratios. Prints on special 4" x 6" or roll paper; make sure to choose Page Setup from the File menu (xsP ) and select the proper paper size in the Page Setup dialog before printing (Figure 6.8). Tips Figure 6.8 To print on 4" x 6" paper, you must first select the appropriate paper size in the Page Setup dialog, accessible by choosing Page Setup from the File menu. If a photo’s aspect ratio does not match that of your paper, iPhoto shrinks the photo proportionally to make it fit, which increases the white borders. If your printer has the same margins on every side of the paper, you can enter the paper size into the Custom fields in the image editing window’s toolbar before cropping to get the largest possible image on paper. (If the printer margins aren’t the same on every side, convert the paper size to millimeters and subtract the margins from each side appropriately.) Don’t assume iPhoto can print to your printer’s minimum margins. Test a few full-page prints in economy mode first to learn what will come out. Don’t bother entering your printer’s minimum margins to get the smallest possible margins; any number (including 0.00) lower than the printer’s minimum margins results in a printout that uses as much of the paper as possible. If you see a yellow warning icon in the Print dialog, try increasing your margins. Gimp-Print Drivers What your printer can do is determined by its driver, system-level software provided by the manufacturer or by Apple. There’s also Gimp-Print, an open source set of drivers for over 500 printers, which offers full support for printer options that the manufacturers may not support in Mac OS X. For instance, if you want to print on 4" x 6" borderless paper or from roll paper and your Mac OS X driver doesn’t support those options, your best bet is Gimp-Print. Find it at http://gimpprint.sourceforge.net/MacOSX.php3 and make sure to give your printer a unique name when adding it. Be careful to check all of Gimp-Print’s Page Setup and Print dialog options before printing. 105 Printing Full-Page Photos Figure 6.7 iPhoto’s Full Page style prints a single photo at the largest size that will fit on a piece of paper. Chapter 6 Printing Greeting Cards iPhoto’s third printing style offers two options for printing folded greeting cards (Figure 6.9). Uses for greeting cards: Printing Greeting Cards Print your own holiday cards rather than buying pre-printed ones. Make custom birthday cards for friends and family. Print invitations to a party. Figure 6.9 iPhoto’s Greeting Card style lets you choose between single-fold and double-fold greeting cards. Unfortunately, it doesn’t let you enter text. Greeting Card Alternatives Tips You can choose between single-fold and double-fold greeting cards. Single-fold greeting cards print the photo on half the paper; double-fold greeting cards print the photo on one-quarter of the paper. Cropping a photo to an aspect ratio of 8 x 5 increases the size of the photo for a single-fold greeting card. However, cropping to 5.5 x 4.25 for a double-fold greeting card doesn’t make a noticeable difference because it’s too close to the original aspect ratio of 4 x 3. There’s no way to prevent photos from printing right at the folded edges, which looks particularly amateurish with double-fold cards. Easy Card Creator (see sidebar) does a better job. iPhoto doesn’t let you enter text inside the greeting cards or print a photo on the inside of the card. Consider one of the alternatives mentioned in the sidebar to work around this problem. So you want more control over your greeting cards? Yeah, me too. Here are some options. Most online photo processors enable you to print and mail customized greeting cards from your photos, and in fact, Kodak’s Ofoto service, which is what Apple uses for ordering prints online, also offers this feature. Until iPhoto supports it internally, however, you’ll have to upload prints to an online service manually and customize your greeting card on the Web. Buy a copy of Script Software’s $30 Easy Card Creator, which does a great job of creating and printing greeting cards and custom envelopes. You can even drop photos into it from iPhoto. Download Easy Card Creator from www.scriptsoftware.com. Buy a copy of Nova Development’s $59.95 Print Explosion, which is designed to create greeting cards, along with a wide variety of other printed materials. Find them on the Web at www.novadevelopment.com. Write your message inside the card by hand! (Perhaps that’s obvious.) You can buy special photo paper for greeting cards that’s pre-scored for easier and more attractive folding. 106 Sharing Photos Printing N-Up Photos iPhoto’s fourth printing style looks and works much like the Contact Sheet style covered previously, but lets you pick exactly how many photos you want to appear on the page: 2, 4, 6, 9, or 16 (Figure 6.10). Figure 6.10 iPhoto’s N-Up style lets you pick how many photos will appear on the page from a pop-up menu. Uses for N-Up prints: Full-page layouts of photos with even margins. Anything for which you might use the Contact Sheet style. If you select only one photo when using the N-Up style, iPhoto replicates the photo in as many spots on the page as are available. That’s handy for wallet photos. If you want titles or comments printed as well, print pages from the Catalog book theme instead of using N-Up. If you see a yellow warning icon on a photo in the Print dialog, try increasing the number of photos per page to print the photos at a smaller size. N-Up vs. Contact Sheet? The N-Up and Contact Sheet styles differ in two important ways. With the N-Up style, you pick how many photos will appear on the page, whereas with Contact Sheet you pick how many columns of photos will print on the page. The N-Up style does a better job spacing photos out so they fill the entire page. The Contact Sheet style can leave a large bottom margin. Whether you use N-Up or Contact Sheet depends on precisely what you’re trying to achieve, since they’re very similar. 107 Printing N-Up Photos Tips Chapter 6 Printing Sampler Sheets iPhoto’s fifth printing style provides two templates that mix photos of different sizes. The first template places three photos on a page; the second arranges six photos on a page (Figure 6.11). Printing Sampler Sheets Uses for sampler sheets: Print collections of photos for sending to relatives instead of individual prints. Print your most recent photos for an informal gallery-style display. Figure 6.11 Template 1 of iPhoto’s Sampler style prints three photos on a page. Tips Unless you plan to cut the printed photos out, make sure all the photos you print with a Sampler layout are of the same orientation. If you mix landscape (horizontal) and portrait (vertical) photos, iPhoto can’t orient them all correctly. If you want your printed page to be in portrait orientation, use landscape photos with Template 1 (Figure 6.12) or portrait photos with Template 2. If you want your printed page to be landscape orientation, use portrait photos with Template 1 or landscape photos with Template 2 (Figure 6.13). Pay close attention to iPhoto’s preview to make sure you know exactly what will print before clicking the Print button! To control their page location, arrange the photos manually in an album first. If you select only one photo, iPhoto uses that photo in all the spots on the page. With careful cutting, you can probably fit sampler sheets into 8" x 10" frames. For different layouts, either print pages from a book layout or see “Printing Custom Layouts” later in this chapter. 108 Figure 6.12 Here’s the preview of landscape photos printed with Sampler Template 1, which results in a page in portrait orientation. Figure 6.13 Here’s the preview of landscape photos printed with Sampler Template 2, which results in a page in landscape orientation. Sharing Photos Printing Standard Prints iPhoto’s sixth and final printing style prints photos in four standard sizes: 2" x 3", 4" x 6", 5" x 7", and 8" x 10" (Figure 6.14). Uses for standard prints: Print photos for inclusion in traditional photo albums that accept only standardsize prints. Frame your pictures using standard frame sizes. Figure 6.14 iPhoto’s Standard Prints style enables you to print photos at traditional sizes so they fit in standard frames and photo albums. It’s important to crop photos to the appropriate aspect ratio before printing, because otherwise iPhoto shrinks the images proportionally to fit, increasing the white borders and ensuring that your photo will not be exactly the right size. If you are printing more than one 2" x 3", 4" x 6", or 5" x 7" photo, deselect the “One photo per page” checkbox to print two per page, thus saving paper. You can buy photo paper in sheets of 4" x 6" paper that work with specific brands of printers. To print on paper of unusual sizes, you must change the paper size in the Page Setup dialog. Open it by choosing Page Setup from the File menu (xsP ) and selecting the desired paper size. You may see better results with using the Full Page style instead; my printer doesn’t quite print to two edges when I use the 4" x 6" option in Standard Prints. If you see a yellow warning icon in the Print dialog, check to see if you get the warning icon in the Full Page style as well. If not, the warning icon is probably spurious; otherwise pick a smaller print size. See “Dealing with Warning Icons” in Chapter 7, “Troubleshooting.” 109 Printing Standard Prints Tips Chapter 6 Printing Custom Layouts Despite the addition of the Sampler style in iPhoto 2, many people want more flexibility printing custom layouts. iPhoto won’t help you beyond what you can do with book layouts, but several third-party utilities will. Printing Custom Layouts Portraits & Prints The $20 Portraits & Prints, from Econ Technologies, provides a number of layouts, some of which merely try to fit many samesize photos onto a page, others of which provide a mix of sizes (Figure 6.15). With the addition of the $10 Portraits & Prints Template Maker, you can design your own custom layouts with photos, simple graphics (boxes and lines), and even text. To bring photos in from iPhoto, just drag them from iPhoto to the Portraits & Prints window, then pick a template and choose which photo goes in which slot. Especially nice is the way Portraits & Prints lets you slide a photo around in its slot if the aspect ratios between the slot and the photo don’t match. No need for cropping! Download from www.econtechnologies.com. ImageBuddy Another option, though trickier to use, is KepMad Systems’ $17 ImageBuddy. As with Portraits & Prints, you drag your photos from iPhoto into the ImageBuddy window to import them, and once there, you can double-click a photo in the collection on the right side to add it to the page at the selected size. Although ImageBuddy is a bit more aimed at printing contact sheets, if you check the Manual Layout checkbox, you can drag individual images around on the page to whatever location you want (Figure 6.16). X and Y coordinates for each image help you line things up. Download a copy from www.kepmad.com. 110 Figure 6.15 Portraits & Prints offers numerous layouts that mix different sizes of photos. Figure 6.16 With the Manual Layout checkbox selected, ImageBuddy lets you drag images around wherever you want in your layout. Remember Book Layouts Keep in mind that the cheapest and easiest way to put a number of photos on the same page is by printing a page from a book layout. See Chapter 5, “Creating Books,” for details. Sharing Photos Printing Tips Paper Types Computer superstores sell a vast number of different types of inkjet papers. What should you buy? You’re almost certain to get good results with paper made by the manufacturer of your printer. Papers from other manufacturers will likely work well too, but aren’t as guaranteed. The basic paper types include: Plain paper. Use it only for drafts or text; photos will look awful. Matte paper. These papers are heavier than plain paper and have a smooth, but not glossy, finish. Glossy photo paper and film. These papers, which come in a bewildering variety of types and weights, are heavier yet and have a glossy surface that looks like standard photo paper. Glossy film is actually polyethylene, not paper. Use glossy paper for your best prints. Specialty papers. You can buy papers that look like watercolor paper, have a metallic sheen, are of archival quality, or are translucent. Other speciality papers can be ironed onto T-shirts, are pre-scored for folding, have magnetic backing, and more. If you like printing photos on your own printer, I strongly encourage you to buy a variety of papers and see what you like. Also fun to try is a sample pack from Red River Paper, an online paper vendor at www.redrivercatalog.com. Printing tips: Use a good quality inkjet printer. Sixcolor printers produce better output than four-color printers, and printers designed to print photos will do a better job than general-purpose printers (but may not print text as well). Make sure your print head is clean and aligned. If your printouts don’t look quite right, try cleaning the print head. Use good paper. Modern inkjets lay down incredibly small drops of ink, and standard paper absorbs those drops more than photo paper, blurring printouts. Make sure to print on the correct side of the paper (it’s usually whiter or shinier). Don’t handle the surface of the paper that will be printed on. Oils from your skin can mess up the printout. Remove each sheet from the output tray after printing, particularly with glossy films, and be careful not to touch the surface until it has dried. In the Advanced Options of the Print dialog, make sure you’re using the highest resolution and appropriate other settings. In particular, aim for settings that favor quality over speed. Make sure to crop photos to the right aspect ratio before printing, or you’ll end up with larger white borders. 111 Printing Tips How can you achieve the best quality prints? Try these tips, and test, test, test. Every combination of printer and paper is slightly different, so testing is the only way to be sure what will come out. Chapter 6 Setting up Slideshows A slideshow is the easiest way to display your photos while at your computer. iPhoto 2 offers enhanced slideshow capabilities thanks to iPhoto’s integration with Apple’s free iTunes MP3 music playing software. To configure slideshows: Setting up Slideshows 1. In organize mode, click the Slideshow button in the organize pane. iPhoto opens the Slideshow Settings window (Figure 6.17). 2. Enter the length of time you want each photo to remain on the screen. 3. Select “Display photos in random order” and “Repeat slideshow” if desired. 4. If you want music to play during your slideshow, select the Music checkbox and choose a song from the list. Figure 6.17 To configure a slideshow, click the Slideshow button in the organize pane to bring up the Slideshow Settings window, in which you can configure slide duration, repetition, and music. 5. Click Save Settings or Play Slideshow. Tips The Slideshow Settings window may appear slowly the first time you click the Slideshow button after launching iPhoto, due to reading data from iTunes. Each album can have its own setting for slideshow music. There’s no way to chain songs together or use an entire playlist of songs from iTunes. The selected song repeats until the slideshow finishes. See “Slideshow Tips” in this chapter for a workaround. Sort the music list by time to simplify picking a song that matches your slideshow’s length. The longest duration you can enter is 60 seconds per photo; clicking the arrow buttons won’t let you go past 30 seconds. 112 Music Controls Because of iPhoto 2’s integration with iTunes, you now can pick from many more songs more easily than before. To limit the songs that appear to those in an iTunes playlist, select the playlist from the pop-up menu. To search for a specific song, enter a few characters from its name or the artist’s name in the Search field. iPhoto narrows the list as you type. Click the X button to clear the Search field and fully expand the list of songs. To sort the list, click the header of the Song, Artist, or Time column. Click the triangular Play button to listen to the selected song; click it again to stop the song from playing. Sharing Photos Running Slideshows Click to run a slideshow. Configuring slideshows is easy, but running them is even easier. To run a slideshow: 1. Select the photos you want to appear in the slideshow. To control a slideshow: To pause and restart the slideshow, press z . Note the subtle pause/ play indicator in the lower-right corner of the screen (Figure 6.19). To move back to the previous slide and pause, press D (the left arrow) while the slideshow is running (not paused). To move on to the next slide and pause, press F (the right arrow) while the slideshow is running (not paused). Press R (the up arrow) to speed the slide display time up by one second per slide; press C (the down arrow) to slow it down by one second per slide. To stop the slideshow, press any other key or click the mouse. Pause/ play indicator. Figure 6.19 Note the indicators that iPhoto displays in the lower-right corner when you press the spacebar or one of the other keys to control the slideshow. Ordering Your Slideshow Slideshows start with the image in the upper-left position of the selection or the album. But if you have the “Place most recent photos at the top” option set in iPhoto’s Preferences window, you’ll find it impossible to show a chronological sequence of pictures. Turn that setting off in iPhoto’s Preferences window and make sure to arrange by film roll (import order) to get a first-to-last ordering of your photos. Tips If no photos are selected, iPhoto shows all the photos in the album. Clicking the arrow keys while the slideshow is paused switches photos, but iPhoto doesn’t update the screen properly until you press z again. 113 Running Slideshows Figure 6.18 To run a slideshow, click either the permanent slideshow button under the album pane, or click the Slideshow button in the organize pane to display the Slideshow Settings window, and then click Play Slideshow. The permanent button is easier unless you need to change some settings. 2. Click the slideshow button that’s always available under the album pane (Figure 6.18). or In organize mode, click the Slideshow button, and then click Play Slideshow in the Slideshow Settings window. Chapter 6 Slideshow Tips Although setting up and playing slideshows is easy, you can produce better results by keeping these tips in mind. Slideshow Tips Slideshow tips: To avoid black edges on monitors that don’t use a 4 x 3 aspect ratio (such as most of Apple’s flat-panel displays), crop images to the size of your screen. When possible, use photos in landscape orientation, since portrait photos will have huge black bands on the edges. Avoid using images smaller than your screen (in pixels), since they will look jaggy when iPhoto scales them up to fit. If you really want to show small images, consider pasting them onto a larger background in a graphics program to increase their size and avoid iPhoto’s scaling. Although iPhoto limits you to a single song per slideshow, repeating it as necessary, you can splice multiple songs together, either in iMovie or in other audio-editing programs. It’s probably easier to create the slideshow in iMovie entirely at that point. Remember that PowerBooks and iBooks can display on TVs via an S-video cable (you may have to buy it separately). If you have a huge television handy, why not use that for a slideshow instead of the Mac’s monitor? Another way of running a slideshow on a TV is to copy selected photos to your digital camera’s memory card via a USB card reader and then display them via the camera, with its TV cable. Make sure to name them appropriately and put them in the right location to fool your camera into displaying them. 114 Other Slideshow Tools iPhoto can play any MP3 file you may have in iTunes, along with AIFF and WAV files. You can create MP3 files from your audio CD collection in iTunes, or you can download (legally!) MP3 files from the Internet; just browse around a music site like MP3.com or search with Google (www.google.com). Also check out SmartSound Software’s SmartSound Movie Maestro program, which helps you generate soundtracks for movies and slideshows. It works with iPhoto and comes with a slew of soundtrack-type sounds that you can customize. The program costs $49.95, and you can find more information at www.smartsound.com. Finally, other tools can create more sophisticated slideshows than iMovie and either play them on your computer or export them to QuickTime movies. In particular, I recommend checking out Granted Software’s free Still Life (www.grantedsw.com/still-life) and iView Multimedia’s iView Media Pro (www.iview-multimedia.com). Sharing Photos Ken Burns Effect pane. Preview pane. Timeline. Drag clips here. Photos Audio Titles button. button. button. Play and Play Full Screen buttons. Creating an iMovie Slideshow What if you want to add captions or narration to a slideshow? Turn to Apple’s free iMovie video editor. These instructions are just an overview; refer to iMovie’s help or Jeff Carlson’s iMovie 3 for Mac OS X: Visual QuickStart Guide for more details. To create an iMovie slideshow: Figure 6.20 Use iMovie 3 to produce and distribute slideshows that are significantly more complex than is possible in iPhoto alone. 2. Click the Audio button, click the button next to Microphone, and record your narration, clicking the button again to stop recording (Figure 6.21). Repeat for each photo’s voice-over. 3. In the timeline, arrange your photo clips with the voice-over clips underneath. Figure 6.21 To record audio, click the Audio button, click the round button to the right of the Microphone feedback, and speak. Click that button again to stop. 4. Check the length of each photo’s voiceover, and in the Ken Burns Effect pane, set the length of time for the photo clip to match that of the voice-over. 5. Click the Titles button, type your text in the available fields, and select a title style. Adjust the time the title will display to match the photo clip length. Drag the title style on top of the desired photo clip (Figure 6.22). Repeat for each photo. 6. View your slideshow by positioning the timeline slider all the way to the left and clicking Play or Play Full Screen. Tip Figure 6.22 To add titles, click the Titles button and use the controls to type and format your title. To avoid applying the Ken Burns Effect (panning and zooming) to a photo, press x. right after dragging that photo into the timeline. 115 Creating an iMovie Slideshow 1. In iMovie 3, click the Photos button and drag your desired photos into the timeline (Figure 6.20). iMovie can see all your photos stored in iPhoto, and you can limit the display by selecting an album. Chapter 6 Emailing Photos For many people, email is the preferred method of communication, and it works well for sending photos to others. To configure iPhoto for email: In iPhoto’s Preferences window, choose your email program from the Mail popup menu (Figure 6.23). iPhoto changes the Email button’s icon to match your email program. To send photos via email: Emailing Photos 1. Select the photos you want to send. Figure 6.23 In iPhoto’s Preferences window, choose your email program from the Mail pop-up menu. 2. Click the Email button. iPhoto displays a dialog with options for your photos (Figure 6.24). 3. Choose the maximum size you want the photos to appear at from the Size pop-up menu, and, if you want to include titles and comments, select their checkboxes. 4. Click the Compose button. iPhoto exports the photos (converting them to JPEG files in the process), launches your email program, creates a new message, and attaches the photos, which appear inline only in Apple’s Mail (Figure 6.25). Figure 6.24 Make sure to set a reasonable size for your photos before sending them via email or they’ll take too long to transfer for you and your recipient. Tips iPhoto lets you use only Apple’s Mail, Eudora, Microsoft Entourage, or America Online. To use iPhoto with Mailsmith, PowerMail, QuickMail Pro, Outlook Express, or Claris Emailer, try Simon Jacquier’s free iPhoto Mailer Patcher (http://homepage.mac.com/jacksim/ software/imp.html). If you send too many photos, or don’t shrink their sizes enough, your message may be too large to be delivered. 116 Figure 6.25 Here’s what the message looks like in Mail. You don’t get much control over the layout, but don’t worry, since there’s no way of telling what it will look like on the receiving end anyway. Sharing Photos Other Ways of Emailing Photos Although I recommend that you use iPhoto’s built-in support for sending photos via email, there are several alternative methods. In some situations, one of them might work better for you. Ways to send photos via email: Drag one or more photos from iPhoto into a message window of your favorite email program (Figure 6.26). Drag one or more photos onto the Dock icon for your favorite email program. Tips Dragging photos into new outgoing email messages or onto Dock icons works with at least Apple’s Mail, Eudora, Mailsmith, and Microsoft Entourage. When dragging photos into an email program, remember that you aren’t compressing or resizing them, so they may take a long time to send and receive. When you drag photos into an email message, only Eudora and Mail display the photos inline in the body of the message. When you drag photos onto an email program’s Dock icon, only Mail displays the photos inline in the body of the message; the others treat the photos as normal attachments. Figure 6.26 To send photos via email, drag them from iPhoto into an outgoing message window, as I’ve done here with Eudora. 117 Other Ways of Emailing Photos Chapter 6 Setting up an Apple ID Before you can order prints or books, you must have an Apple ID with 1-Click ordering enabled. If you haven’t previously set up an Apple ID to order from the Apple Store, you can create one within iPhoto. To set up an Apple ID: Setting up an Apple ID 1. Make sure you’re connected to the Internet, and in organize mode click the Order Print button to display the Order Prints window. Figure 6.27 To create a new Apple ID, click the Set Up Account button in the Order Prints window to bring up the Set Up Account dialog. Then click the Create Account button. 2. Click the Set Up Account button. iPhoto displays the Set Up Account dialog (Figure 6.27). 3. Click the Create Account button. iPhoto displays the first of three dialogs that collect the data necessary to create an account (Figure 6.28). The first asks for your email address and password, the second collects billing information, and the third garners shipping information. 4. Enter the necessary information, clicking the Continue button to move through the process until you’re done. Apple sends an email confirmation at the end of the process. Tips Remember that your Apple ID is always your email address. Choose a password that can’t be easily guessed. Otherwise miscreants could go in, change your shipping settings, order prints or books with your credit card, and switch back without you realizing. If you have trouble with your Apple ID, visit http://myinfo.apple.com/ and confirm or re-enter your settings. You can also set up an Apple ID at this site if necessary. 118 Figure 6.28 Enter your sign-in information, billing details, and shipping address in the dialogs that appear. Strong Passwords Apple requires that your password be at least six characters long, but you can make it stronger by ensuring that it contains numbers and punctuation along with uppercase and lowercase letters. One good strategy is to take a phrase you’ll remember, like “Take me out to the ball game!” and use the first letter of each word, adding numbers where possible. The above phrase could be turned into this strong password: Tmo2tbg! Whatever you do, do not use a proper name or a word that will appear in the dictionary—they’re too easy to guess. Sharing Photos Using Your Apple ID Once you have your Apple ID set up, you use it with Apple’s print- and book-ordering services. It’s also useful if you want to use some of Apple’s online tech support services or order from the Apple Store. iPhoto usually remembers your Apple ID, but if not, you can always sign in. To sign in using your Apple ID: 2. Enter your email address and password, and then click the Sign In button. iPhoto displays the Account Info dialog (Figure 6.29). 3. If 1-Click purchasing is turned off, select Enable 1-Click Purchasing. 4. Verify that everything else looks correct (if not, click the Edit button next to the incorrect data and make the necessary corrections), and then click the Done button. Tips Figure 6.30 To enter a new shipping address, choose Add New Address from the Address pop-up menu, and then enter the new address in the Edit Shipping Addresses dialog. You can switch between Apple IDs using the method above with two sets of email addresses and passwords. This is handy if multiple people want to order prints or books on separate accounts. You can add additional shipping addresses by clicking Edit Shipping in the Account Info dialog, choosing Add New Address from the pop-up menu, and filling in the details in the dialog that appears (Figure 6.30). Switch between the addresses by choosing the desired one from the Ship To pop-up menu in the Order Prints or Order Books window. Forgotten Passwords If you forget your password, enter your email address in the Apple ID field in the sign-in dialog, click the Forgot Password button, and go through the necessary Web pages. Apple sends you an email message containing your password. The vagaries of Internet email mean that the message may not arrive immediately. 119 Using Your Apple ID Figure 6.29 Verify and change your Apple ID settings in the Account Info dialog. 1. In either the Order Prints or the Order Books window, click either the Account Info button or the Set Up Account button to display the sign-in dialog (Figure 6.27 on the previous page). Chapter 6 Preparing to Order Prints You will want to spend some time preparing your photos for printing by cropping them to the appropriate aspect ratios for prints. But what if you, like me, want to use the same photos for a book, which uses a 4 x 3 aspect ratio? Follow these steps for a solution. To prepare photos for printing: Preparing to Order Prints 1. Make a new album, and add the photos that you want to order prints of. 2. Switch to the album, and edit each photo as desired, other than cropping. 3. In organize mode, select all the photos (xA ) and choose Duplicate from the File menu (xD ) to make copies (see “Duplicating Photos” in Chapter 4, “Editing Photos” for details). 4. Open the Keywords/Search window (xK ) and search for “copy” to select just the copies in your album. 5. Drag them to the album pane to create a new album of just the copies, and then return to the previous album and delete the copies from it. You now have two albums with identical photos; one with the originals, the other with copies. To keep them straight, append “Prints” to the name of one, “Book” to the name of the other. 6. Go through the photos in the Prints album again, this time cropping each to the desired aspect ratio. 7. If you’re printing photos in different sizes, manually group them by size in the album. That makes keeping track of them in the Order Prints window easier. 8. Now you’re ready to order the prints, and the “Book” album is ready to be arranged and laid out in a book. 120 Pixels and Prints You may have noticed that iPhoto reports how large your photo is in pixels in the info pane. But how does that match up with print sizes that you order? You mostly don’t have to care, since iPhoto displays a low-resolution warning icon when a photo doesn’t have enough pixels to print well at the desired size. For reference, though, here are the sizes at which iPhoto starts adding the warning icon, given in terms of a 4 x 3 aspect ratio and with the appropriate cropping. Note that these are the minimum recommended resolutions. The larger your photos and the more they exceed these minimums, the better the final quality. For wallet-sized prints (about 2.4" x 3.4"), you need at least 320 x 240 pixels (when cropped to the above aspect ratio, keep the largest side above 320 pixels). For a 4" x 6" print, you need at least 640 x 480 pixels (when cropped to 4 x 6, keep the largest side above 640 pixels). For a 5" x 7" print, you need at least 1024 x 768 pixels (when cropped to 5 x 7, keep the largest side above 1024 pixels). For an 8" x 10" print, you need at least 1365 x 1024 pixels (when cropped to 8 x 10, keep the smallest side above 1024 pixels). For 16" x 20" or 20" x 30" prints, you need at least 1600 x 1200 pixels (when cropped, keep the smallest side above 1200 pixels). Sharing Photos Ordering Prints Once you’ve prepared your photos, it’s time to order prints. To order prints: 1. Make sure you’re connected to the Internet, select one or more photos, and click the Order Prints button. iPhoto opens the Order Prints window (Figure 6.31). 2. For each picture, enter the number of each size print you’d like to order. iPhoto automatically updates the total cost as you add and subtract prints. 4. Check your order carefully to make sure you’re getting the right number of each print, and confirm that each photo can print at the size you’ve selected. 5. Click the Buy Now button. iPhoto uploads your pictures and alerts you when it’s done. Tips If nothing is selected when you click Order Prints, iPhoto includes all the photos in the current album. Uploading takes a long time on a slow Internet connection because iPhoto uploads full-size images for best quality. If you mostly want 4" x 6" prints, click the Quick Order 4 x 6’s arrows to increase or decrease the number of 4" x 6" prints of each photo. You can reset the numbers for individual prints later. If you see a yellow warning icon next to a size you want, see “Dealing with Warning Icons” in Chapter 7, “Troubleshooting.” Shipping Details Unfortunately, you can have prints delivered only to U.S. and Canadian addresses right now, and they must be ordered from an English version of iPhoto. Check Apple’s iPhoto Web page at www.apple.com/iphoto/ for any updates to this situation. Shipping charges vary with the number of prints you order. For 1 to 20 prints, it costs $2.99. For 21 to 50 prints, it’s $4.99. And if you order more than 50 prints, you’ll pay $6.99 in shipping. 121 Ordering Prints Figure 6.31 To order prints, select one or more photos, click the Order Prints button, and in the Order Prints window, enter the number of prints of each photo that you want. When you’re ready, click the Buy Now button. 3. Choose the appropriate shipping address and method from the Ship To and Ship Via pop-up menus. Chapter 6 Ordering Books Once you’ve designed a book (see Chapter 5, “Creating Books”), ordering it is easy. To order a book: Ordering Books 1. Select the album for which you want to order a book, and verify that each page looks right in the preview window. Figure 6.32 If some photos aren’t of sufficient quality to print well, iPhoto warns you with this dialog. 2. Making sure that you’re connected to the Internet, click the Order Book button in either book or organize mode. iPhoto assembles the book, warning you if some photos aren’t high enough resolution to print well (Figure 6.32) or if some text doesn’t fit. iPhoto then opens the Order Book window (Figure 6.33). 3. Choose a color for the cover from the Cover Color pop-up menu. 4. Choose the appropriate shipping address and method from the Ship To and Ship Via pop-up menus. 5. Enter the number of books you want to order in the Quantity field. iPhoto automatically updates the total cost as you add and subtract books. Figure 6.33 To order a book, click Order Book to open the Order Book window. Choose a cover color from the Cover Color pop-up menu, choose the shipping address and method, enter the number of books you want to order, and click the Buy Now button. 6. Click the Buy Now button. iPhoto uploads your pictures and alerts you when it’s done. Tips Books cost $3 per page, with a 10-page minimum and a 50-page maximum. Uploading takes a long time on a slow Internet connection because iPhoto uploads full-size images for best quality. If you’re warned about low-resolution images, see “Dealing with Warning Icons” in Chapter 7, “Troubleshooting.” 122 Shipping Details Unfortunately, you can have books delivered only to U.S. and Canadian addresses right now, and they must be ordered from an English version of iPhoto. Check Apple’s iPhoto Web page at www.apple.com/iphoto/ for any updates to this situation. It costs $7.99 to ship a single book; each additional book shipped to the same address adds only $1 to your total. Sharing Photos Book Observations Since the relatively high cost of printing a book from iPhoto may cause some people to shy away from trying them, I thought I’d offer a few observations based on the books I’ve ordered. The good stuff: It turns out that if people who can’t use iPhoto want to order a book like those you can design in iPhoto, they can do so from a service called myPublisher. You can visit myPublisher’s Web site at www.mypublisher.com. I don’t know the relationship between Apple and myPublisher; it’s possible myPublisher is printing the books for Apple, or Apple may have licensed the same technology that myPublisher uses. The main advantages to building a book using iPhoto over building one using myPublisher’s service are that you don’t have to upload photos manually, the process is much easier in iPhoto, and Apple provides better-designed layouts and more fonts. The only advantage of ordering from myPublisher is that they also offer leather covers ($10) and laminated book jackets ($5). Also helpful is the fact that myPublisher.com can now deliver books to Europe and Japan, which isn’t currently possible with iPhoto. The binding for the books is top-notch. It looks and feels completely professional. The paper is heavy stock, quite glossy, and acid-free, so it should last well (although it does show creases quickly). Turnaround time from placing the order to receiving a book is only about a week. The packaging for the book was very good, with the book inside a reusable plastic sleeve, everything packed snugly inside a cardboard box that protected the edges from being dinged, and all that inside a mailing box. The bad stuff: The image quality of the photos in books isn’t as good as prints you can order in iPhoto or prints you can create with an inexpensive, six-color inkjet printer like my Epson Stylus Photo 870. Overall, the book print quality is similar to that you’d see in a magazine, with the caveat that consumer-level digital cameras can’t match the output quality of equipment used by professional photographers. That said, no one to whom I’ve shown a book has noticed this on their own. On one book I ordered, the cover photo was pasted on slightly crooked. Black-and-white photos don’t print well because of the color printing process used for the books. Avoid using blackand-white photos in books. 123 Book Observations Similar Book Service Chapter 6 Setting up a .Mac Account Before you can use Apple’s HomePage Web publishing tool or .Mac Slides tool, you need a .Mac account. It’s easy to set up but does cost $99 per year. Luckily, Apple offers a 60-day free trial so you can see if HomePage and .Mac Slides, along with .Mac’s other features, are worth $99 per year to you. Setting up a .Mac Account To set up a .Mac account: 1. Choose System Preferences from the Apple menu to open the System Preferences window, and then click the Internet icon to display the Internet preferences pane (Figure 6.34). Figure 6.34 To start setting up a .Mac account, click the Sign Up button in the Internet preferences pane, which takes you to a .Mac signup page in your Web browser. 2. Make sure you’re connected to the Internet and click the Sign Up button. iPhoto launches your default Web browser and takes you to the .Mac signup page (Figure 6.35). 3. Enter your information in the fields provided. When you’re done, click Continue at the bottom of the page. iPhoto displays a summary page (Figure 6.36), offers you the chance to send an iCard announcing the fact that you have a new email address ([email protected]—you don’t have to use it), and takes you to the .Mac home page. Figure 6.35 Enter your information in the .Mac signup page, and click the Continue button 4. Click System Preferences to return to the Internet preferences pane, and enter your new .Mac member name and password. 5. Close the System Preferences window. Tip Since many people have registered .Mac accounts, you may need to choose a more awkward username than would be ideal. Try combining your first name and last name and, if all else fails, add a number. 124 Figure 6.36 A confirmation page appears; copy the username and password from that page to the Internet preferences pane and you’re done. Sharing Photos Major .Mac Features Figure 6.37 To use .Mac, connect to the .Mac Web page and click the links at the top of the page. iDisk Apple provides 100 MB of disk space on its servers for each .Mac user, accessed like any other disk—to mount your iDisk, choose iDisk from the Finder’s Go menu (xsI ). Predefined folders store backups, documents, pictures, movies, public files to share, Web pages, music, and software you can download (Figure 6.38). When you publish pictures using .Mac Slides or HomePage, the photos go in your Pictures folder, and the HomePage Web page itself goes in your Sites folder. HomePage Figure 6.39 Use the HomePage Web publishing tool to create and manage a number of different types of Web pages. The HomePage Web publishing tool enables you to create different types of Web pages without learning any HTML (Figure 6.39). If you know how to create Web pages, you can upload them to your Sites folder to make them available to anyone on the Web at http://homepage.mac.com/yourusername/. iCards Figure 6.40 Use the iCards tool to create personalized email greeting cards using your own photos. The iCards tool helps you use the photos in your Pictures folder or Apple’s images to send email greeting cards (Figure 6.40). Mail You probably have an email address, but .Mac provides you with another address— [email protected] You can either retrieve mail from it directly or have it forward messages to another account. 125 Major .Mac Features Figure 6.38 To connect to your iDisk, choose iDisk from the Finder’s Go menu. .Mac provides many features, some of which integrate with iPhoto. Click the icons at the top of the .Mac page at www.mac.com to configure and use each tool, or to download the free software like Virex and Backup, plus various free games (Figure 6.37). Chapter 6 Publishing Photos on the Web Using HomePage It’s easy for .Mac members to create a Webbased photo album from within iPhoto. To publish photos using HomePage: Publishing Photos Using HomePage 1. In organize mode, select an album or the individual photos you wish to publish. 2. Making sure that you’re connected to the Internet, click the HomePage button. iPhoto opens the Publish HomePage window, displaying a rough preview of how your page will appear (Figure 6.41). 3. Enter or edit titles for the page and the individual photos (iPhoto picks up album and photo titles automatically). 4. Pick a theme from the five at the bottom to change the font and frame style. 5. Select the desired .Mac account from the Publish to pop-up menu. Figure 6.41 Preview your photos in the Publish HomePage window and click Publish when you’re ready to upload them. More Tips Clicking Visit Page Now in the confirmation dialog loads the page in your Web browser, where you can easily copy the URL from the Address field. 7. Click the Publish button. iPhoto uploads your pictures to your iDisk, and, when it’s done, shows a dialog that tells you the URL for your page and offers to take you there. You can have up to 48 images in each HomePage photo album. Changes you make to photo titles in the Publish HomePage window are not reflected anywhere else, unfortunately. Tips iPhoto’s spell-checking tools work in the Publish HomePage window. You can’t control line wrapping at all. Titles are limited to 40 characters, although you can enter up to 80 online. You can choose among additional frame styles by editing your album online. To publish to your own Web site, see “Exporting to Web Pages” in this chapter. 6. Select how many columns you want to display, and if you want a counter or a “Send me a message” button to show. The photos appear in the same order as those in the album or your selection, but you can drag them to new locations within the Publish HomePage window. iPhoto compresses and resizes images to 800 x 600 to reduce upload time. To avoid this, you can upload photos to your iDisk and create albums manually in HomePage online at www.mac.com. 126 Sharing Photos Managing HomePage Albums Figure 6.42 To make any changes to your HomePage iPhoto albums, first connect to .Mac and then click the HomePage link at the top. You can only create Web-based albums from within iPhoto. Changing albums after publishing requires using the .Mac Web site. For all these tasks, first log in to .Mac at www.mac.com and click the HomePage button at the top of the page (Figure 6.42). To edit text: To remove photos: In the “Edit your page” window, deselect the checkboxes on the photos you want to remove (they aren’t deleted from your iDisk’s Pictures folder; do that in the Finder). Click Publish when you’re done. To add photos: You can upload and add photos manually, but it’s easier to delete the album and republish it from iPhoto. To change the layout: Figure 6.44 Edit your album in the “Edit your page” window. After you have made changes to the text, the number of columns, the theme, or anything else, click the Publish button at the top of the page to save your changes.You can also click Preview to see what it will look like before you commit to publishing. To change the theme, in the “Edit your page” window, click the Themes button and click the desired theme. To change the number of columns, select a columns radio button at the top. Drag photos to rearrange them. To show and hide the counter and the “Send me a message” button, select or deselect their checkboxes at the bottom. To delete an album: Select an album in the Pages list and click the Delete button. 127 Managing HomePage Albums Figure 6.43 To edit a photo album, select it in the Pages list and click the Edit button. To delete an album, select it and click the Delete button. Select an album in the Pages list, click the Edit button underneath it (Figure 6.43), and in the “Edit your page” window, change the text in the desired text boxes (Figure 6.44). Click Publish when done. Chapter 6 Publishing .Mac Slides Using the .Mac Slides Publisher feature of .Mac along with iPhoto, .Mac members can easily upload a set of photos that anyone with a Mac runing Mac OS X 10.2 or later can use as a screen saver. To publish photos as .Mac Slides: Figure 6.45 iPhoto checks to make sure you realize that publishing photos as .Mac Slides replaces the previous set of .Mac Slides. Publishing .Mac Slides 1. Select the photos you want to publish, and click the .Mac Slides button. iPhoto displays a confirmation dialog (Figure 6.45). 2. Click the Publish button. iPhoto compresses and shrinks the size of the photos to reduce transfer time, and uploads the photos to your iDisk, showing a progress dialog as it uploads (Figure 6.46). When it’s done, it shows a confirmation dialog (Figure 6.47). 3. Click the Announce Slideshow button. In your selected email program, iPhoto creates a message with instructions you can send to the people who might want to subscribe to your .Mac Slides. Figure 6.46 iPhoto provides a visual progress dialog as it uploads your photos as .Mac Slides. Tips Although it’s not obvious, you can move the .Mac Slides upload progress window out of the way and keep working while iPhoto uploads in the background. You can find the .Mac Slides in your iDisk in Pictures/Slide Shows/Public. It appears that you can select as many photos to upload as .Mac Slides as you want, subject to the amount of free disk space available on your 100 MB iDisk. You can store only one set of .Mac Slides at a time—every time you click the .Mac Slides button, the selected photos replace the previous set. 128 Figure 6.47 Once iPhoto finishes uploading your .Mac Slides photos to your iDisk, it lets you announce the slideshow via email to your friends and relatives. Sharing Photos Subscribing to .Mac Slides Although only .Mac members can upload .Mac Slides, anyone whose Mac runs Mac OS X 10.2 or later can subscribe to them and have them shown automatically as a screen saver slideshow. To subscribe to .Mac Slides: Figure 6.48 Configure the .Mac screen saver in the Screen Effects preferences pane. 2. Click .Mac in the Screen Effects list. iPhoto switches to the .Mac screen saver. 3. Click the Configure button to display the Subscriptions and Display Options sheet. 4. Enter the member name of the .Mac member whose slides you want to view in the .Mac Membership Name field and click OK. iPhoto adds the .Mac member name to the available subscriptions and closes the sheet. Figure 6.49 Enter the .Mac membership name of the person whose slides you want to view and set screen saver options in the Subscriptions and Display Options sheet. Using the Screen Saver The screen saver comes on automatically after the idle time you set in the Activation tab of the Screen Effects preferences pane. You can also invoke it manually by putting the pointer in a corner defined in the Hot Corners tab, also in the Screen Effects preferences pane. 5. Click Configure again to make sure the checkbox for your newly entered .Mac member name is selected, and select the other screen saver options from the checkboxes at the bottom of the sheet (Figure 6.49). 6. Click OK and close System Preferences. Tips Mac OS X downloads the .Mac Slides in the background when you connect to the Internet; there’s no way to force it to download them immediately. Because .Mac Slides are compressed and reduced in size, they’re not as crisp as local pictures used for slideshows. 129 Subscribing to .Mac Slides 1. From the Apple menu, choose System Preferences, and click the Screen Effects icon to open the Screen Effects preferences pane (Figure 6.48). Chapter 6 Setting the Desktop Picture In Mac OS X, you can display a picture on your Desktop, and with iPhoto, putting one (or more, in rotation) of your photos on your Desktop is a matter of just clicking a button. Setting the Desktop Picture To set the Desktop picture: 1. Select one or more photos, and click the Desktop button (Figure 6.50). If you selected only one photo, iPhoto immediately changes the picture on your Desktop (Figure 6.51). If you selected multiple photos, iPhoto displays the Screen Effects dialog (Figure 6.52). Figure 6.50 Click the Desktop button to set the selected photo as your Desktop picture. 2. Either leave the pop-up menu set to Current Selection, or choose an album from it, and then click OK. Tips If the picture is in landscape orientation, iPhoto scales the photo to make it fit. If the photo is in portrait orientation, iPhoto takes a landscape chunk out of the middle to display on the Desktop. Stick with photos in landscape orientation, or crop them appropriately first. There’s an item in the edit pane’s Constrain pop-up menu to help you constrain photos to the size of your Mac’s screen. This is especially helpful if your screen is not a 4 x 3 aspect ratio. iPhoto can put a picture on only one monitor. To put a picture on the second monitor, you must use the Desktop preferences pane in System Preferences; select the Screen Effects folder in your iPhoto Library folder to rotate through the same set of photos on the second monitor. 130 Figure 6.51 With a single click, you can put the photo you have selected in iPhoto on your Desktop. Figure 6.52 iPhoto gives you the choice of rotating through multiple selected photos or an entire album. Sharing Photos Creating a Screen Saver The Desktop button in iPhoto 2 does double duty, not just putting one or more photos on your Desktop, but also setting them as your screen saver. To create a screen saver: Figure 6.53 In the Screen Effects dialog, choose an album to use for your screen saver and click OK. You can also click Screen Effects Preferences to open the Screen Effects preferences pane. 1. With more than one or no photos selected, click the Desktop button. iPhoto displays the Screen Effects dialog. Tips Landscape photos generally work better than portrait photos because they don’t need to be zoomed as much to fill the screen. To configure the screen saver settings, click the Screen Effects Preferences button in the Screen Effects dialog to open the Screen Effects preferences pane (Figure 6.54). You can, of course, go there manually as well. If you have an album selected when you click Desktop, iPhoto thoughtfully makes it the default choice in the pop-up menu. If you click Screen Effects Preferences to configure your screen saver, when you come back to iPhoto, you must still click the OK button to set the selected photos or album as the screen saver. Figure 6.54 In the Screen Effects preferences pane of System Preferences, use the tabs and the Configure button to adjust settings for your screen saver. Configuring the Screen Saver If you click Configure in the Screen Effects preferences pane, you’re presented with a number of options related to how Mac OS X crops the photos, zooms in on them, fades between them, centers them onscreen, and presents them in order. Play with these settings to see how they interact with the photos you’re using— I’ve found varying results with different types and sizes of photos. 131 Creating a Screen Saver 2. Either leave the pop-up menu set to Current Selection, or choose an album from it (Figure 6.53), and then click OK to save your selection and close the dialog. iPhoto sets Mac OS X’s Picture Folder screen saver to use the selected photos or album. The next time your screen saver kicks in, you’ll see it displaying those photos. Chapter 6 Creating a DVD Slideshow with iDVD Drawer Click to choose Click to set buttons. a theme. photo and edit. Burn button. One of iPhoto 2’s new integration features is the capability to send a set of photos to iDVD 3 to create a slideshow on DVD that can be viewed on any TV with a consumer DVD player. You must have iDVD 3 and a Macintosh with a SuperDrive to do this. Creating a DVD Slideshow with iDVD To create a DVD slideshow with iDVD: 1. Create up to 6 albums containing up to 99 photos each, select the albums (s or x -click to select multiple albums), and click the iDVD button. iPhoto works for a bit, launches iDVD 3, and shows the iDVD main screen. 2. Click the Customize button, choose a theme from the drawer that appears (iDVD has several themes that are perfect for photo slideshows), and customize it with text and images (Figure 6.55). Figure 6.55 Select a theme for your DVD slideshow and click the albums to select an initial photo and to change the title. Click to Photo list. Drag to open and rearrange; press close Delete to remove. drawer. Click to Audio drawer. preview. Drag a song to the Audio Audio well to add it. well. Click to return to the main screen. 3. To add audio to the main title screen, click the Audio button in the drawer and drag the desired song from your iTunes collection into the main window. 4. Set how long the song plays (up to 30 seconds) by clicking the Settings button in the drawer and moving the Motion slider. Adjust other options here as well. 5. Double-click a slideshow to switch to a screen where you can add, delete, and rearrange photos, plus set other options for the slideshow (Figure 6.56). 6. As you work, use the Preview button to verify that your slideshows play as you desire. A small player window simulates a DVD remote control (Figure 6.57). 7. When you’re ready, click the Burn button twice to start the process of burning your DVD. 132 Figure 6.56 When working in a slideshow, you can set a variety of options and add music by dragging from the Audio drawer to the Audio well on the right side of the window. Figure 6.57 When you’re previewing a slideshow, you can use the small player window to simulate the DVD’s remote control. Sharing Photos iDVD Slideshow Tips Making Good DVD Slideshows It may be easy to work with iPhoto and iDVD, but you must still expend some effort when creating a DVD-based slideshow if you want the best results. Keep in mind that no matter what, TV quality will be lower than the quality on the computer screen. Use Preview heavily, and make sure to run through all of your slideshows from start to end before burning. Landscape photos work better than portrait photos, which have large black borders. It’s tempting to put as many photos in each slideshow as possible, but resist the temptation and whittle down the slideshow to the most relevant photos. Very similar photos are boring when seen one after another. You can still have only a single song per slideshow in iDVD; to work around that limitation, create your slideshows in iMovie first, and import them into iDVD as movies, instead of photo slideshows. You can choose the duration between slides, but it’s generally best to fit the slideshow length to the song length. Be forewarned; it can be hard to find good music for slideshows. Think about the subject and the mood of the photos and then browse through your iTunes collection to see what songs might fit. It’s easier to browse quickly in iTunes than in iDVD. Click the Motion button to toggle the theme’s motion while you work, but make sure it’s on when you burn. Tips for using iDVD iDVD 3 is free with new Macs, but the only way to upgrade is with the $49 iLife suite of Apple’s iApp software. Go to www.apple.com/store/ to buy a copy. You’re limited to 6 albums per DVD and 99 photos per album. Save your iDVD project with a good name; it’s the disc name in the Finder. Turn on “Show TV Safe Area” in the Advanced menu to verify that everything you’re doing will fit on the TV screen. Make sure “Always scale slides to TV Safe area” is set in iDVD’s Preferences window (choose Preferences from the iDVD menu and click the Slideshow tab). iDVD automatically picks up the music attached to the album in iPhoto, but you can switch to a different song by dragging it from the Audio drawer to the Audio well in the slideshow’s window. If you select “Add original photos on DVD-ROM” in the slideshow window, iDVD also makes the photos available as files on the DVD for use with computers. These are stored as normal files, and not in an iPhoto Library folder. Quit all unnecessary applications when burning; if anything interrupts the burn process, it can ruin your DVD-R disc. DVD-R discs hold 4.7 GB, so you probably won’t be able to fill one with slideshows. To use all the space, add video. 133 iDVD Slideshow Tips Look to other sources for full instructions on how to use iDVD, such as Jim Heid’s book and DVD-video combination The Macintosh iLife, also from Peachpit Press. That said, these tips should help. Chapter 6 Sharing Photos on Disc Although creating DVD slideshows is great, a better way to share photos with people who also use iPhoto is to burn the photos to a CD-R or DVD-R disc as files. To burn an iPhoto disc: 1. Select the photos you want to share by selecting entire film rolls or entire albums (Figure 6.58). Sharing Photos on Disc 2. Click the Burn button. iPhoto asks you to insert a blank disc. 3. Insert a blank disc and click OK. In the info pane, iPhoto shows the name of the disc and information about how much data will be burned to the disc (Figure 6.59). The disc icon will be red if it can’t hold the selected photos. 4. Select fewer or more photos to use the space on your destination disc as desired. Figure 6.58 Here I’ve selected several albums, and I’m about to click the Burn button. Figure 6.59 Once you’ve clicked the Burn button, the info pane lets you name your disc and gives you information about how much data will be burned to it. 5. Change the name of the disc if you want. 6. Click the Burn button again, and when iPhoto asks you to confirm one last time, click Burn (Figure 6.60). iPhoto creates a disk image, copies the selected photos to it, and burns the disc. Tips The statistics in the info pane aren’t relevant until you click Burn the first time. If you select albums to burn, the iPhoto disc will retain those album references. Film roll information is lost, however. Titles and keywords are maintained. Your disc name appears only in iPhoto. In the Finder, it’s called “iPhoto Disc.” On the disc, your photos are stored in an iPhoto Library folder like the main one. 134 Figure 6.60 iPhoto verifies that you really want to burn a disc with one last warning dialog. Backups and Non-iPhoto Users Two additional notes. First, this is a great way to make backup discs to protect your irreplaceable photos in case of harm to your computer. See “Backing up Your Photos” in Chapter 2, “Importing and Managing Photos.” Also, not everyone uses iPhoto (especially Windows users). For them, export files and burn CD-R discs in the Finder. Sharing Photos Receiving an iPhoto Disc What if friends or relatives who use iPhoto send you iPhoto discs containing their photos? Although you can view their photos directly from the disc, if you want to edit a photo or create a book, you must first import the desired images. (See Chapter 2, “Importing and Managing Photos,” for more on importing photos.) To import from an iPhoto disc: 1. Insert the iPhoto disc into your Mac’s optical drive and switch to iPhoto. iPhoto displays the disc in your album pane (Figure 6.61). 2. Select one or more photos and drag them to your Photo Library album to import them just into the Photo Library, into an album to import them and add them to that album, or to the bottom of the album pane to import them and create a new album (Figure 6.62). iPhoto starts importing the photos, showing thumbnails and a progress bar. Click Stop to halt a mistaken import. Figure 6.62 The easiest way to import files into iPhoto is to drag the desired files or folders into the display pane or the album pane, as I’ve done here. Tips iPhoto checks for duplicates when importing from iPhoto discs just as it does with other importing methods. To import an album from an iPhoto disc, click the album in the album pane, select all the photos in it (xA ), and drag them to the bottom of the album pane to import them and create a new album. 135 Receiving an iPhoto Disc Figure 6.61 iPhoto discs appear in your album pane with any albums on the disc showing up under the disc name. Chapter 6 Exporting Files iPhoto’s export capabilities are fairly limited, but they should suffice for most situations. To export files: 1. Select one or more photos. 2. Choose Export from the File menu (xsE ). iPhoto displays the Export Photos dialog (Figure 6.63). Exporting Files 3. If it’s not already selected, click the File Export tab. 4. Choose the format for the exported photos from the Format pop-up menu, select how you want them named, and select an image scale. Then click the Export button. Figure 6.63 Use the File Export tab in the Export Photos dialog to choose the format, name, and scale for your exported images. 5. iPhoto displays a save dialog. Navigate to your desired folder and click OK to save your images. Tips iPhoto can export into only JPG, TIFF, and PNG formats. For other formats, use a tool like GraphicConverter; see the sidebar to the right. Only JPG files can be scaled to a different size; if you save in TIFF or PNG format, you’re stuck with the full image size. When iPhoto scales an image, it does so proportionally with the limits you set. If you export only a single image, iPhoto gives you a chance to rename the image manually before saving (Figure 6.64). iPhoto 2 removed Export from the sharing tool buttons; the Export menu item and keyboard shortcut are the only ways to open the Export Photos dialog. 136 Figure 6.64 If you export only a single image, iPhoto lets you name it from within a sheet. Use GraphicConverter If you want to do anything more than basic exporting of files, try the $30 shareware GraphicConverter, available at www.lemkesoft.com/us_index.html. GraphicConverter is far better at converting images between formats, resizing them, and performing many other useful tasks, a number of which can be used in batch mode on an entire collection of images. Sharing Photos Exporting Files by Dragging If you just want copies of a couple of photos and don’t need to reformat or resize them, you can just drag the files to the Finder. To export multiple files: Figure 6.65 For a quick export without any chance to reformat, rename, or resize the exported photos, just drag one or more to the Finder. Tips Exported Photos May Not Be Rotated If you hold down xo while dragging a photo to the Finder, iPhoto makes an alias of the photo instead of copying it there. When you drag photos to export them, you aren’t given the opportunity to change their scale or image format. You can also drag photos to other photorelated programs. So, for instance, you could maintain another photo catalog in a program like iView MediaPro by dragging photos from iPhoto into iView MediaPro’s window. This is not actually exporting, since the other programs are working with the same file as iPhoto. Because of this, don’t drag files to imageediting programs and make changes, because iPhoto won’t be able to track those changes. If you want to export photos in order to burn them to a CD-R disc for a person who doesn’t use iPhoto, your best bet is to drag photos from iPhoto to folders in the Finder, and then burn those folders. Watch out for the rotation problem; see the sidebar to the left. If you want to export a photo you’ve edited only by rotating it, you’ll notice the exported file isn’t rotated if you use the drag-to-the-Finder method of exporting. This error happens because iPhoto rotates only the photo’s thumbnail initially, rotating the actual photo only if necessary. You can work around this problem in two ways. First, use the Export Photos dialog instead of dragging to the Finder. Second, make another editing change to the photo, such as red-eye reduction, and then undo that change before dragging the photo to the Finder. Any editing change other than rotation forces iPhoto to modify the photo’s file instead of just the thumbnail, which sets the rotation properly as well. 137 Exporting Files by Dragging Select one or more photos and drag the selection to a folder in the Finder (Figure 6.65). iPhoto saves the files where you drop them, using each file’s original name. Chapter 6 Exporting to Web Pages Along with using Apple’s HomePage Web publishing tool, iPhoto can export selected images to a set of Web pages you can upload to your own Web server or to Web space at your Internet service provider. Exporting to Web Pages To export photos to Web pages: 1. Select an album or the individual photos you wish to publish. 2. Choose Export from the File menu (xsE ). iPhoto shows the Export Photos dialog. 3. If it’s not selected, click the Web Page tab (Figure 6.66). 4. Enter the title for your Web page. 5. Enter the desired number of columns and rows of photo thumbnails. 6. If desired, select a background color or image. 7. Select the maximum width and height for the thumbnails and the full-size images. 8. Select the Show title and Show comment checkboxes as desired. 9. Click Export, navigate to the desired destination folder (it’s best to create a new folder inside your user directory’s Sites folder), and click OK. iPhoto exports the photos and builds the appropriate HTML files, naming everything for the enclosing folder. 10. Switch to the Finder, open the folder in which you saved your Web page, and double-click the HTML file to open it in your Web browser (Figure 6.67). 11. If necessary, upload the folder to your Web site using an FTP program like Interarchy (www.interarchy.com). 138 Figure 6.66 Use the options in the Web Page tab of the Export Photos dialog to set how your photos will appear on the Web page. Figure 6.67 To see how your Web page turned out, switch to the Finder, open your destination folder, and double-click the HTML file inside it. To view an image at full size, click its thumbnail. Export Plug-Ins Although the only export plug-in available now is BetterHTMLExport (next page), which has its own installer, it’s conceivable others may appear again. To manage them, select iPhoto in the Finder, choose Get Info (xI ) from the File menu, and use the checkboxes and buttons in the Plug-ins pane to enable, disable, install, and uninstall the plug-ins. Sharing Photos Web Page Export Tips As you may have guessed, iPhoto’s Web page export isn’t particularly flexible, although Apple fixed its more glaring limitations in iPhoto 2. There are workarounds for some of its limitations, though not for others. Web page export tips: Figure 6.68 BetterHTMLExport provides all the functionality of iPhoto’s Web export tool and much more, while retaining an interface similar to the original, as you can see in its export tab and Advanced Settings sheet above. Other tools can generate significantly more flexible Web-based photo albums. Two of my favorites right now are Simon Leifer’s BetterHTMLExport and iView Multimedia’s iView MediaPro. Simeon Leifer’s $20 shareware BetterHTMLExport 2.0.3 improves on iPhoto’s Web page export. It can control the quality of the exported images, lets you save your settings, and offers more flexibility than iPhoto. Best of all, BetterHTMLExport lets you create and edit the templates from which it generates Web pages (Figure 6.68). Download a copy from www.droolingcat.com/ software/betterhtmlexport/. The $50 shareware iView MediaPro does many things well (including extremely flexible slideshows), not the least of which is HTML export. It can generate both a traditional site with a page of thumbnails and a framed site with a thumbnail frame. You can customize the HTML, and it can also reduce the size and quality of exported images to make the site load quickly for users. Pick up a copy at www.iview-multimedia.com. iPhoto doesn’t let you add a line of descriptive text to your thumbnail page, as it does when using HomePage. If you knew a little HTML, you could easily add text to that page using a text editor. Since title text is always black, stick with light background colors. To pick a background color, use the standard Mac OS X color panel. See “Changing Text Color” in Chapter 5, “Creating Books,” for more information about using the color picker. If you select a background image instead of a color, iPhoto tiles the image under the thumbnails. That can work well if the image is large and light colored, but avoid using small, dark, background images— they make for a cluttered presentation. Assuming you have a permanent Internet connection (like DSL or a cable modem) and an IP address that never changes, you can make your pages available on your Mac by turning on Personal Web Sharing in the Sharing preferences pane. If you have a permanent Internet connection but not a static IP address, you can learn more about how to work around this limitation with dynamic DNS. See www.technopagan.org/dynamic/ for more information. Want to serve photos from your own Mac without exporting? Check out the free myPhoto from Michael Mulligan; it’s at http://agent0068.dyndns.org/~mike/ projects/myPhoto/. 139 Web Page Export Tips Alternative Web Export Tools Chapter 6 Exporting to QuickTime Movies iPhoto slideshows are great if people can gather at your computer, but iPhoto’s QuickTime movie export is the easiest way to create a slideshow you can send to others in email or on CD. (It’s much easier than iMovie or iDVD, though not as powerful.) Exporting to QuickTime Movies To export photos to a QuickTime movie: 1. Select an album or the individual photos you wish to publish. 2. Choose Export from the File menu (xsE ). iPhoto displays the Export Photos dialog. Figure 6.69 Use the options in the QuickTime tab of the Export Photos dialog to configure your QuickTime movie. 3. If it’s not selected, click the QuickTime tab (Figure 6.69). 4. Enter the maximum width and height for the images, how long each image displays, and select a background color. 5. If you want the music currently selected for use with the current album to play with the movie, select the “Add currently selected music to movie” checkbox. 6. Click Export, name your movie in the Save dialog, choose a destination for it, and click Save. iPhoto builds the movie. 7. Switch to the Finder, locate your movie, and double-click it to see the results in QuickTime Player (Figure 6.70). Tips Background images must be larger than the photo and only show when the photo doesn’t take up the entire window. When iPhoto resizes images, it does so proportionally with the limits you set. 140 Figure 6.70 To see what your movie looks like, double-click it in the Finder to open it in QuickTime Player. Flipping through Movies No matter how you create a QuickTime movie of still images, you can flip through the final movie in QuickTime Player one photo at a time (plus transitions) by using D and F (the left and right arrow keys) while the movie is stopped. Sharing Photos Fast Start Movies To make QuickTime movies viewed on the Web start as soon as possible when someone clicks the link, use these steps. 1. Open your movie in QuickTime Player Pro (you need the Pro version). 2. Choose Export from the File menu. 4. Choose Photo–JPEG from the pop-up menu, set the quality slider to Medium or High, and set the frame rate to match how long you set each slide to display in iPhoto. Click OK. 5. Click the Settings button under Sound to open the Sound Settings dialog. QuickTime movies can be an excellent way to distribute slideshows. Ways to distribute QuickTime movies: Copy the movie to a CD-R. Don’t worry about reducing the size of images when exporting from iPhoto. Send the movie via email, but be sensitive about the size of movies. If you have FTP or Web space available with your Internet account, upload the movie and send people the link. Similarly, if you’re a .Mac member, you can upload to your iDisk’s Public folder for others to download and play. If you’re a .Mac member, copy the movie to your iDisk’s Movies folder and use the HomePage Web publishing tool to make a movie page. Unfortunately, this method results in a rather small viewing size. If you’re a .Mac member, you can also copy the movie to your iDisk’s Sites folder and send people the link in the form: 6. Choose QDesign Music 2 from the Compressor pop-up menu. Leave the other settings alone and click OK. 7. Choose Fast Start from the pop-up menu under Prepare for Internet Streaming, and then click OK. http://homepage.mac.com/membername/ 8. Name your movie, select a location, and then click Save. moviename.mov. With this method, the movie plays at the size you chose in iPhoto, and the movie is hidden from the world (but not secured!). Tips QuickTime for Windows One of the nice things about QuickTime is that it’s available for both the Mac and Windows. Many Windows users don’t have QuickTime installed on their PCs, however, so you may need to tell them how to get it. Send them to www.apple.com/quicktime/download/ for a free copy. Using QuickTime Player Pro (a $30 upgrade from the free QuickTime Player; visit www.apple.com/quicktime/buy/), you can play movies at full-screen size. QuickTime Player Pro also lets you make some changes to your movies, see QuickTime 6 for Macintosh & Windows: Visual QuickStart Guide for details, or just use iMovie 3 instead. 141 Distributing QuickTime Movies 3. Click Options, and in the Movie Settings dialog, click the Settings button under Video to open the Compression Settings dialog. Distributing QuickTime Movies Chapter 6 Sharing Photos with Users on Your Mac Mac OS X is a multi-user operating system, so it’s common for people who share a Mac each to have their own account. But what if you want to share the same iPhoto Library? Sharing Photos with Users on Your Mac To share photos among users: Figure 6.71 Your iPhoto Library folder should be stored in the Shared folder at the same level as your user folder. 1. With iPhoto not running, move your iPhoto Library folder from the Pictures folder to the Shared folder at the same level as your user folder (Figure 6.71). It may or may not contain other items. 2. Select the iPhoto Library folder and choose Get Info (xI ) from the File menu in the Finder to display the iPhoto Info window. 3. Click the expansion triangle for Ownership & Permissions. If the lock is closed, click it and enter your administrator password. 4. From the Access menu under Group (which should be set to staff), choose Read & Write, and click the “Apply to enclosed items” button (Figure 6.72). iPhoto asks for confirmation; click OK. 5. Hold down xo and drag the iPhoto Library folder to the iPhoto icon in your Dock. Launching iPhoto without doing this will cause it to ask you to find your iPhoto Library folder; do that if necessary instead of the xo -drag. 6. Choose Log Out from the Apple menu, and log in as the other user. 7. Repeat step 5 for the other user, and verify that both users can view and edit photos. If the other user can view but not edit photos, verify permissions for all the folders inside the iPhoto Library folder. 8. From now on, launch iPhoto normally. 142 Figure 6.72 To set permissions properly, make sure the group is set to staff, choose Read & Write from the Access pop-up menu, and click the “Apply to enclosed items” button. Sharing Photos Sharing Photos with Users on Networked Macs Lots of families have multiple Macs, as do small offices that may wish to share a single iPhoto Library. To share photos among Macs: 2. For each user, hold down xo and drag the shared iPhoto Library folder to the iPhoto icon in the Dock. Launching iPhoto without doing this will cause it to ask you to find the shared iPhoto Library folder; do that if necessary instead of the xo -drag. 3. For each user, make an obvious edit change, quit iPhoto, and relaunch iPhoto to see if your change sticks. If so, skip to step 7. If not, or if iPhoto’s editing tools don’t work right, keep going. Figure 6.73 If necessary, make sure Owner, Group, and Others are all set to Read & Write, and click “Apply to enclosed items.” The Necessary Network For best performance, all the Macs using this shared iPhoto Library folder must be using 100Base-T Ethernet (which runs at 100 megabits per second—Mbps). AirPort Extreme (54 Mbps) might work, but standard 10Base-T (10 Mbps) or AirPort (11 Mbps) will make you want to gnaw your arm off in frustration. 4. Select the iPhoto Library folder, choose Get Info (xI ) from the File menu in the Finder, and click the expansion triangle for Ownership & Permissions. If the lock is closed, click it and enter your administrator password (Figure 6.73). 5. From the Access menu under Group, and from the Others pop-up menu, choose Read & Write, and click the “Apply to enclosed items” button. iPhoto asks for confirmation; click OK. 6. Repeat steps 2 and 3 for the other users. 7. From now on, launch iPhoto normally. Tip Only one Mac should use the shared iPhoto Library folder at a time! 143 Sharing Photos with Networked Macs 1. Copy your iPhoto Library folder to a location that’s accessible to other users on your network, such as a file server or a Mac which everyone can log into. Chapter 6 Extending iPhoto with AppleScript Extending iPhoto with AppleScript One of Apple’s least known but most useful technologies is AppleScript, a relatively easy programming language that lets AppleScript-savvy applications perform repetitive actions and communicate with one another. Now that iPhoto 2 supports AppleScript, you can write scripts to do all sorts of things that would have been tedious to do by hand before. Needless to say, it’s way beyond the scope of this book to teach you how to write AppleScript scripts. Check out AppleScript for Applications: Visual QuickStart Guide for help learning AppleScript. Figure 6.74 iPhoto’s AppleScript dictionary lists the commands and syntax necessary to write AppleScript scripts that can control iPhoto. To write an AppleScript for iPhoto: 1. Launch Script Editor by double-clicking its icon in the AppleScript folder in your Applications folder. Script Editor opens a new, untitled script window. 2. From Script Editor’s File menu, choose Open Dictionary, and in the Open Dictionary dialog, select iPhoto and click Open to open iPhoto’s AppleScript dictionary (Figure 6.74). An application’s dictionary is a list of all the AppleScript commands that the application understands and their syntax. 3. Write your script in the untitled script window, saving it when you’re done (Figure 6.75). 4. Click Run to test your script. Tip Realistically, you’ll probably go through many iterations of testing, changing something, testing again, and so on. 144 Figure 6.75 Enter your script into Script Editor, and when you’re ready to test it, click Run. Crib Code, Ask Friends A good way to get started with scripting when you realize you need to automate a repetitive action is to find a script that does something similar and start modifying its behavior. Of course, it always helps to have AppleScript-savvy friends to ask for help, too! Sharing Photos iPhoto AppleScript Scripts Apple provides a number of scripts that are useful both on their own and as examples. Download these scripts from www.apple.com/applescript/iphoto/. Apple’s iPhoto AppleScript scripts: Do Photoshop Action performs an action in Photoshop 7 for each of the selected photos, one at a time. Photo Summary creates an HTML page summarizing information about the selected photos and opens it in TextEdit. Open in Preview opens the selected photos in Apple’s Preview application. Speak Comments speaks the comments for selected photos. Photo to iDVD Background exports the selected photo to iDVD as the background for the current menu screen. Prepare Images for iDVD uses Photoshop to scale selected photos to 640 x 480, with the comment overlaid on the bottom of each photo as a caption. Show Image File displays the selected photo’s actual file in the Finder. Delete Album and Contents deletes an album and its contents. The twist is that it moves the album’s photos to the Trash, which deleting an album wouldn’t normally do. Use it when archiving photos to CD or DVD. Be careful with this one. Find Unassigned Images creates a new album called “Unassigned” with all photos not currently in another album. Assign Keywords for Last Import cycles through all the photos from the last import and presents a dialog for each that lets you assign keywords. Figure 6.76 Invoke AppleScript scripts in iPhoto by choosing them from the Scripts menu. Installing the Script Menu Although you can run a script by selecting some photos in iPhoto, switching to the Finder, and double-clicking the desired script, there’s an easier way—a Script menu on your menu bar at all times. Follow these instructions to install the Script menu and populate it with Apple’s scripts. 1. Open the AppleScript folder in your Applications folder. In it you’ll see a folder called Script Menu.menu. 2. Drag Script Menu.menu onto the right side of the menu bar, near where your clock is, and release it. You should see a little scroll icon appear. 3. Move the iPhoto Scripts folder that you downloaded from Apple into the Scripts folder inside your user’s Library folder. 4. From now on, when you want to invoke a script, select a photo and choose the desired script from the hierarchical iPhoto Scripts menu in the Scripts menu (Figure 6.76). 145 iPhoto AppleScript Scripts i Index 1-Click ordering can’t enable, 156 enabling, 119 A B B & W button, 56, 64 backing up photos to discs, 24, 25 recovering photos, 21 179 Index Account Info dialog, 119 Activation tab (Screen Effects preferences pane), 129 Administrator password, 5 album pane creating albums in, 37 dragging photos into, 37 illustrated, 9, 17, 31, 77 iPhoto disc display in, 135 albums, See also books adding photos to, 42 backing up, 24 creating, 37 deleting, 40 deleting photos from, 20 duplicate photos in, 61 duplicating, 38 film rolls in Photo Library, 12, 36 importing from iPhoto disc, 17 importing photos and creating, 15 keywords vs., 37, 48 Last Import, 12 managing HomePage, 127 removing photos from, 43 renaming and rearranging, 39 simulating hierarchical, 39 Albums folder, 19 aligning photos to grid, 33 Apple checking on order status, 156 downloading iPhoto AppleScripts, 145 iPhoto help, 157 not all prints received from, 155 setting up .Mac account, 124 shipping information for books and prints, 121 Apple ID email address as, 118 setting up, 118 sign in with, 119 Apple .Mac Signup Web page, 124 AppleScript scripts for iPhoto, 144–145 archiving photos, 24, 25 arranging photos on book pages, 44, 81 by date, 44 for slideshows, 113 artistic photography, 168 aspect ratios constraining Desktop pictures to fit screen, 130 constraining selection to, 66 including extra space on edges of photos, 68 moving and resizing selection rectangle while maintaining, 66 specific and custom, 67 understanding, 160–161 assigning comments, 46 keywords, 49 titles, 45 Audio button (iMovie 3), 115 automatic launching of iPhoto, 12, 13 Index Index batteries, 171 BetterHTMLExport, 138, 139 black-and-white photos avoiding in books, 79, 123, 155 making, 64 bold text, 86 Book button, 76 book mode defined, 8 pages jump around in, 155 printing photos and text from, 102 switching in/out of, 76 book themes. See books; themes books, 75–97 about, 75 arranging photos, 44, 81 avoiding black-and-white photos in, 79, 123, 155 Catalog book theme, 92 checking spelling, 88–89 choosing theme for, 79 Classic book theme, 93 creating, 78 creating new themes for, 78 customizing page designs, 78 deleting introduction pages, 83 designing pages, 80 entering or editing text, 83 font changes, 85 low-resolution warning icons, 82 1-Click ordering, 119, 156 Picture book theme, 94 Portfolio book theme, 95 previewing, 90 printing on own printer, 91 quality of self-printed vs. ordered, 124 Story Book theme, 96 styles, 85, 86 switching in/out of book mode, 76 text color changes, 87 tools in book mode, 77 typing punctuation and text, 84 Year Book theme, 97 brightness, 65 bullets, 84 Burn button, 24, 101, 134 Burn Disc dialog, 24, 134 burning iPhoto disc, 134 buttons, See also specific button by name dimmed, 56 mode, 9 180 C cameras. See digital cameras card readers importing photos from, 11, 14 not recognized in iPhoto, 150 removing memory card from, 14 Catalog book theme, 92 CCD (charge-coupled device), 160 CDs backing up photos to, 24, 25 burning iPhoto, 134 importing photos from backup, 17 importing photos from Photo CD/ Picture CD, 16 receiving iPhoto, 135 reusing CD-RW discs, 25 simulating hierarchical albums on, 39 using CD-R for archiving, 25 changing layout for display pane, 32 for HomePage albums, 127 Check Spelling As You Type command, 89 checking spelling, 88–89 checkmark keyword, 50 child photos, 175 Classic book theme, 93 color changing text, 87 color-matching systems, 165 correcting, 165 perception of, 164 rendering, 164 selecting cover, 122 Color panel, 87 color-matching systems, 165 comments adding to books, 79 on albums, 39 assigning to photos, 46 printing for contact sheets, 104 Constrain pop-up menu, 56, 57, 161 constraining Desktop pictures, 130 selection to aspect ratios, 56 Contact Sheet print style, 104, 107 contextual menu shortcuts about, 34 for editing, 55 contrast, 65 controls of current mode, 9 copyright symbols, 84 Index correcting color, 165 crashes troubleshooting, 148 when photos double-clicked, 152 when viewing thumbnail, 153 creating keywords, 48 cropping photos Crop button for, 56, 57 low-resolution warning icon and heavy, 68 pixels and, 163 steps for, 68 culling photos, 20 custom aspect ratios, 67 custom stickers, 104 Customize button, 57, 58 customizing toolbar, 58 D E Easy Card Creator, 106 Edit button, 54 Edit commands, 34, 55 Edit in external editor command, 72 edit mode, See also editing defined, 8 entering, 54 editing, 53–73 aspect ratios, 67 181 Index damaged photo warnings, 151 Data folders, 19 dates arranging photos by, 44 editing film roll, 36 editing photo, 47 unable to search by, 51 deleting albums, 40 HomePage albums, 127 introduction pages, 83 keywords, 48 methods for deleting photos, 20 photos from memory card, 14 photos on book pages, 80 deselecting photos, 41 designing books arranging photos on pages, 81 customizing page designs, 78 designing pages, 80 setting design theme and preferences, 79 Desktop button, 101, 130, 131 Desktop pictures, 130 destination albums, 42 digital cameras, See also photography accessories for, 171 choosing, 169 compatible, 2 drivers for USB still cameras, 13 editing photo dates, 47 erasing contents of, 13 importing photos from, 13, 150–151 not recognized in iPhoto, 150 reviews of, 170 setting iPhoto to launch when connecting, 7, 12, 13 disappearing photos, 148 discs. See CDs Disk Copy, 5 display pane, 9 changing layout, 32 editing tools in, 56 importing files and folders by dragging to, 15, 17 resizing contents of, 31 zooming photos in, 60 distributing QuickTime movies, 141 documentary photography, 168 Download Some button (Image Capture window), 18, 27 downloading image thumbnail display during, 13 photos from Image Capture, 27 downsampling, 163 dragging creating selection rectangle by, 66 files and folders into iPhoto, 15, 17 photos to albums, 42 multiple photos, 41 photo files to Finder, 137 photo to Trash album, 43 photos into album pane, 37 photos to outgoing email window, 117 thumbnails to arrange photos, 77, 81 drivers Gimp-Print drivers, 105 for USB still cameras, 13 Duplicate command, 34, 61 Duplicate Photo dialog, 18 duplicating albums, 38 checking for duplicates during import, 13, 17 duplicate copying prevented, 18 duplicate photos after import, 151 photos, 61, 80 DVD slideshows, 132–133 Index Index avoiding excessive, 153 brightness and contrast, 65 contextual menu shortcuts for, 55 cropping photos, 68 customizing toolbar, 58 duplicating photos, 61 edit tools for display pane, 56 enhancing photos, 63 entering edit mode, 54 in external editor, 72 film roll title and date, 36 image-editing programs, 73 making black-and-white photos, 64 photo dates, 47 photos on book page, 80 reducing red-eye, 69 retouching photos, 70 rotating photos, 62 selecting parts of photo, 66 setting preferences for, 54 text, 83 tools for separate window, 57 unable to edit photos, 152 undoing changes, 71 using toolbar, 59 zooming photos, 60 electronic edition of book, 1, 64, 167 Email button, 101, 116 emailing photos, 116–117 Enhance button, 56, 63 enhancing photos, 63 entering text, 83 erasing contents of digital camera, 13 errors during ordering, 156 Export command, 100, 136, 138, 140 Export Photos dialog, 136, 138, 140 export plug-ins, 138 exporting photos after rotating, 137 by dragging to Finder, 137 file export, 136 to Finder folders, 25, 26, 137 to QuickTime movies, 140 to Web pages, 138–139 Exposure tab (Photo Info window), 52 external editors photos don’t open in, 152 using, 72 F File Export tab (Export Photos dialog), 136 file formats for export, 136 182 rotating and converting GIF images to JPEG, 62 supported, 13, 15 File menu, 100 files, See also file formats; PDF files compatible iPhoto formats, 13, 15 don’t appear after import, 150 exporting photo, 136, 137 importing photo, 15 manually finding original, 71, 145 stopping photo importing, 15 stored in Trash, 21 troubleshooting problems after importing, 151 film rolls adding photos to, 36 arranging photos by, 44 creating for imported folders, 15 editing, 36 in organize mode, 31 showing or hiding, 32 tracking imports as separate, 12, 36 Finder exporting photos from, 137 locating photos in, 19, 71, 145 managing export plug-ins from, 138 Fit button, 57, 60 flaky behavior after file import, 151 troubleshooting, 148 folders creating iPhoto Library, 22 directory structure of, 19 extracting to Desktop with Safari, 5 importing, 15 locating iPhoto Library, 23 merging iPhoto Library, 26 switching between iPhoto Library, 23 fonts, 85 Fonts panel, 85 Full Page print style, 105 G General preferences pane (Mac OS X), 35 getting started, 1–9 acquiring iPhoto software, 3 comparison of iPhoto 1.1.1 and 2, 6 first launch, 7 hardware and software requirements, 2 iPhoto interface, 9 iPhoto modes, 8 launching, 7, 12, 13 manual iPhoto installation, 5 Index Software Update utility installations, 4 sources for iPhoto software, 3 updating from 1.1.1 to 2, 6 GIF images, 62 Gimp-Print drivers, 105 GraphicConverter, 73, 136 Greeting Card print style, 106 guide lines, 83 H hard disk, backing up photos to external, 25 hardware requirements, 2 help, 157 HomePage about, 125 managing albums, 127 navigating to, 127 publishing photos using, 126 HomePage button, 101, 126 Hot Plug Action, 7 I 183 Index iCards, 125 icons. See warning icons iDisk about, 125 locating .Mac Slides on, 128 iDVD creating slideshows, 6, 132–133 illustrated, 132 using, 133 iDVD folder, 19 iLife, 3 Image Capture downloading photos with, 27 resetting Hot Plug Action in, 7, 12 ImageBuddy, 104, 110 image-editing programs, 73 image-editing window, 57–60 iMovie 3, 115 import mode defined, 8 manually switching to, 12 importing photos adding photos to film roll, 36 from card reader, 14 from digital camera, 13 entering import mode, 12 from files, 15 importing selected photos, 18 from iPhoto disc, 17, 135 from Kodak Photo CD or Picture CD, 16 multitasking while, 11 preventing copying of duplicates, 18 stopping, 15 troubleshooting, 150–151 info pane assigning title in, 45 Comments field of, 46 defined, 9 editing photo dates, 47 illustrated, 31, 36, 101 viewing photo information, 52 inkjet printers, 103, 111, 171 Install iPhoto 2 dialog box, 5 installing iPhoto, 4, 5 Script menu, 145 Internet preferences pane, 124 interpolation, 163 iPhoto, 1–9 AppleScripts for, 144–145 compatible email software, 116 contextual menu shortcuts, 34 crashes when photos double-clicked, 152 directory structure, 19 functions of iPhoto Library Manager, 23 getting started first time, 7 hardware and software requirements, 2 importing photos from disc, 17 installing Script menu, 145 installing with Software Update utility, 4 keeping copy on disk after downloading, 5 Knowledge Base, 157 launching, 7, 12, 13 manually installing, 5 modes, 8 multitasking while importing photos, 11 preventing copying of duplicates, 18 refreshing display, 85 sources for software, 3 supported file formats, 13, 15 updating from 1.1.1 to 2, 6 user interface, 9 version 1.1.1 vs. 2, 6 iPhoto Library folders creating multiple, 22 locating, 23 maintaining location and names of contents, 19 merging, 26 setting access for photos in, 142 sharing photos on network, 143 switching between, 23 iPhoto Library Manager, 23 iPhoto.pkg file, 5 Index italic text, 86 iTunes playing files in iPhoto, 114 selecting music for slideshows in, 112 iView Media Pro, 114, 139 J JPEG, 13, 15, 62 K Ken Burns Effect pane (iMovie 3), 115 keywords albums vs., 37, 48 assigning and removing, 49 checkmark, 50 creating, renaming, or deleting, 48 searching via, 50 showing or hiding, 32 undoing assignments, 49 Keywords/Search window, 48–51 Knowledge Base, 157 Kodak Photo CD or Picture CD, 16 Index L landscape view for Desktop pictures, 130 DVD slideshows in, 133 printing sampler sheets and, 108 for screen savers, 131 switching to portrait, 67 landscapes, 176 Last Import album, 12 launching iPhoto, 7, 12, 13 lens cleaners, 171 Lock Page checkbox, 77, 81 Low Quality Warning dialog, 122 low-resolution warning icons dealing with, 82, 158 heavy cropping and, 68 troubleshooting, 158 M .Mac account HomePage, 125 iCards, 125 iDisk, 125 Mail, 125 setting up, 124 .Mac Slides publishing photos as, 128 184 subscribing to, 129 .Mac Slides button, 101, 128 Mac OS X adding printer for, 102 changing scrolling behavior, 35 Developer Tools, 78 driver for USB still camera, 13 Macintosh acquiring iPhoto, 3 change Mac OS X behavior for scrolling, 35 hardware requirements for iPhoto, 2 network sharing of photos, 143 sharing photos with users on your, 142 Mail Photo dialog, 116 Mail pop-up menu (Preferences window), 116 managing photos backing up photos, 24–25 creating multiple iPhoto Library folders, 22 culling photos, 20 deleting photos, 20 directory structure of iPhoto, 19 Image Capture, 27 merging iPhoto Library folders, 26 recovering photos, 21 switching between iPhoto Library folders, 23 memory, 149 memory cards buying bigger, 171 deleting photos from, 14 removing from card reader, 14 merging iPhoto Library folders, 26 Microsoft Windows, QuickTime movies for, 141 mode buttons, 9 modes book, 8, 76 edit, 8, 54 import, 8, 12 organize, 8, 30 switching in and out of book, 76 monopod/tripod, 171 movies creating iMovie slideshow, 115 distributing QuickTime, 141 exporting to QuickTime, 140 flipping through QuickTime, 140 unable to download, 13 MP3 files, 114 multiple picture selection, 41 music adding to DVD slideshow, 132, 133 for slideshows, 112, 114 myPhoto, 139 myPublisher service, 123 Index N navigating to HomePage, 127 photos listed on memory card, 14 and selecting photos for importing, 15 through photos, 35 network sharing of photos, 143 New Album dialog, 37 N-Up print style, 107 O P Page Design pop-up menu, 80 page numbers for books, 79 Page Setup dialog, 105 pages, See also albums; books; themes adding custom pages to book PDF files, 78 arranging photos in book, 81 deleting introduction, 83 designing book, 80 printing single book, 91, 110 working with photos on, 81 paper sizes for standard prints, 109 types for printing, 111 passwords creating, 118 entering Administrator, 5 forgotten, 119 .Mac account, 124 pause/play indicator, 113 PDF files adding custom pages to book, 78 downloading this iPhoto book in, 1, 64, 167 viewing book, 90 perception of color, 164 performance increasing scrolling speed, 32, 33, 149 searches, 51 for shared network photos, 143 troubleshooting problems with, 149 permissions for shared network photos, 143 for shared photos on your computer, 142 pet photos, 175 Photo CD/Picture CD, 16 photo info pane, viewing photo information, 52 185 Index Ofoto service, 106 opening Spelling panel, 88 Order Book button illustrated, 77, 101 process initiated with, 78, 122 viewing PDF file of book, 90 Order Book window, 122 Order Prints button illustrated, 101 ordering prints with, 121 Order Prints window, 121 ordering books and prints, See also shipping information about ordered books, 123 errors during ordering, 156 not all prints received from, Apple, 155 1-Click Ordering, 119, 156 order damaged or not received, 156 ordering books, 122 ordering prints, 121 preparing to order prints, 120 quality of self-printed vs. ordered books, 123 troubleshooting problems with prints and books, 155 viewing PDF file of book, 90 Organize button, 30, 100 organize mode accessing sharing tools in, 100 defined, 8 entering, 30 tools in, 31 organizing photos, 29–52 adding comments, 46 adding photos to albums, 42 arranging photos, 44 assigning and removing keywords, 49 assigning titles to photos, 45 changing display pane layout, 32 changing display preferences, 33 contextual menu shortcuts, 34 creating albums, 37 deleting albums, 40 duplicating albums, 38 editing film rolls, 36 editing photo dates, 47 entering organize mode, 30 managing keywords, 48 navigating through photos, 35 removing photos from album, 43 renaming and rearranging albums, 39 searching for text, 51 searching via keyword, 50 selecting photos, 41 tools for, 31 viewing photo information, 52 orientation. See landscape view; portrait view Originals folders, 19 Index Index Photo Library album, film rolls in, 12, 36 Photo tab (Photo Info window), 52 photography artistic and documentary, 168 child and pet, 175 choosing cameras, 169 color, 164–165 finding reviews of cameras, 170 general tips for, 172–173 landscape, 176 portrait, 174 resolution, 162–163 slideshow tips, 114, 133 tips for printing, 111 travel, 177 understanding aspect ratios, 160–161 photos, See also books; importing photos; managing photos; organizing photos; sharing photos adding/removing HomePage photos, 127 arranging by date, 44 arranging on book pages, 81 artistic vs. documentary, 168 black-and-white, 64, 79, 123, 155 burning iPhoto disc, 134 can’t edit, 152 can’t upload, 155 child and pet photos, 175 crashes when double-clicked, 152 cropping, 68 culling, 20 damaged photo warnings, 151 deleting, 20 deleting from memory card, 14 disappearing, 148 displaying on Desktop, 130 don’t open in external program, 152 dragging into album pane, 37 dragging to Trash album, 43 editing date of, 47 emailing, 116–117 exporting, 136–137, 138–139, 140 flipping through QuickTime movie, 140 including extra space on edge, 68 landscape photos, 176 paper sizes for standard prints, 109 portrait photos, 174 previewing before printing, 103 printing custom layouts of, 110 printing from book mode, 102 publishing as .Mac Slides, 128 publishing using HomePage, 126 receiving iPhoto disc, 135 recovering, 21, 71 186 reducing red-eye, 69 retouching, 70 rotating, 62 selecting parts of, 66 travel photos, 177 undoing editing changes, 71 working with on book pages, 80 zooming, 60 Picture Book theme about, 94 text and page numbers for, 79 Pictures folder, 19 PixelNhance, 65, 73 pixels about, 162–163 downsampling vs. interpolation, 163 pixels-to-inches conversion, 120 resolution and, 162–163 “Place most recent photos at top” checkbox, 44, 113 Play/Play Full Screen buttons (iMovie 3), 115 Portfolio book theme, 95 portrait photos, 174 portrait view Desktop pictures and, 130 DVD slideshows in, 133 printing sampler sheets and, 108 switching to landscape, 67 Portraits & Prints, 110 preferences, setting Image Capture, 27 Preferences window illustrated, 33, 44, 116 selecting another program for editing, 72 setting editing preferences, 54 setting rotation direction in, 62 Preview button, 77, 90 Preview pane (iMovie 3), 115 previewing books, 77, 90 photos in Publish HomePage window, 126 prints, 103 Print button, 101, 102 Print command, 100, 102 Print dialog illustrated, 91 options described, 102 yellow warning icon in, 104, 158 Print Explosion, 106 print styles Contact Sheet, 104, 107 Full Page, 105 Greeting Card, 106 N-Up, 107 Sampler, 108 Index Standard Prints, 109 printers adding, 102 Gimp-Print drivers for, 105 selecting color, 171 testing output of, 103 printing book page numbers, 79 books on own printer, 91 contact sheets, 104 custom layouts, 110 full-page photos, 105 greeting cards, 106 including extra space on edges of photos, 68 paper types for, 111 photos, 102 photos and text from book mode, 102 photos print at incorrect size, 154 poor print quality, 154 previewing prints, 103 prints don’t appear on page correctly, 154 quality of self-printed vs. ordered books, 123 sampler sheets, 108 single pages of books, 91 standard print sizes, 109 tips for, 111 prints don’t appear on page correctly, 154 errors during ordering, 156 not all received from Apple, 155 order damaged or not received, 156 ordering, 121 poor quality, 154 printing at incorrect size, 154 too dark, 155 refreshing display, 85 Remove from Album command, 34 removing HomePage photos, 127 keywords, 49 photos from albums, 43 renaming albums, 39 exported photos, 136 keywords, 48 rendering color, 164 resize handle, 57 resolution of imported Photo CD/Picture CD photos, 16 low-resolution warning icons, 68, 82, 158 pixels and dots, 162–163 pixel-to-inches conversion, 120 recommended ranges for print sizes, 120 Retouch wand, 56, 70 retouching photos, 70 reversing sort order of photos, 44, 113 Revert to Original command on contextual shortcut menu, 34 dimmed, 152 undoing changes with, 71, 80 revising Hot Plug Action, 7 Rotate buttons, 62 Rotate commands, 34 rotating photos on book pages, 80 exporting after, 137 setting rotation direction, 62 running slideshows, 113 Q Safari Web browser, 5 Sampler print style, 108 Screen Effects dialog, 130, 131 Screen Effects preferences pane, 129, 131 screen savers configuring, 131 configuring and subscribing to .Mac Slides, 129 creating, 131 using, 129 Scripts menu, 145 scrolling change Mac OS X behavior for, 35 increasing speed of, 32, 33, 149 searching finding duplicate copies, 61, 120 for text, 51 via keyword, 50 R RAM, 149 RAW files, 13 recovering photos, 21, 71 Red-Eye button, 56, 57, 69 red-eye reduction aspect ratios and, 67 editing tips for, 69 187 Index quality of ordered books, 124 of prints, 154 QuickTime movies, 140, 141 QuickTime Player Pro, 141 QuickTime tab (Export Photos dialog), 140 quotation marks, 84 S Index Index selecting before zooming, 60 multiple pictures, 41 parts of photo, 66 photos, 41 selection rectangle, 56, 57 Set Title To commands, 34, 45 Set Title To Date/Time dialog, 45 Set Up Account dialog, 118 sharing photos, 99-145, See also ordering books and prints; slideshows about ordered books, 123 AppleScripts for iPhoto, 144–145 burning iPhoto disc, 134 contact sheets, 104 custom layouts, 110 displaying on Desktop, 130 as DVD slideshows, 132–133 emailing photos, 116–117 exporting files, 136, 137 exporting to QuickTime movies, 140 exporting to Web pages, 138–139 full-page photos, 105 greeting cards, 106 with HomePage, 125–127 with .Mac account, 125 .Mac Slides, 128, 129 as movies, 115, 140, 141 on networked Macs, 143 ordering books, 122 ordering prints, 121 paper types for printing, 111 preparing to order prints, 120 previewing prints, 103 printing photos, 102–111 receiving iPhoto disc, 135 running slideshows, 113 sampler sheets, 108 screen savers, 129, 131 setting up Apple ID, 118 setting up .Mac account, 124 setting up slideshows, 112 sign in with Apple ID, 119 slideshow tools, 114 standard print sizes, 109 tips for slideshows, 114 tools for, 100–101 with users on your Mac, 142 sharing tools, 100 shipping information for books and prints, 121, 122 shipping address, 119 shipping costs, 122 188 Show Colors command, 87 Show Image File AppleScript script, 19 Show More Info command, 34 showing all photos, 50, 51 size slider illustrated, 9 moving and adjusting settings for, 32 in edit mode, 60 in organize mode, 31 Slideshow button, 101, 112, 113 Slideshow Settings dialog, 112 slideshows arranging photos, 44, 113 DVD, 132–133 exporting photos to QuickTime movies, 140 iMovie, 115 music for, 112, 114, 132, 133 running, 113 setting up, 112 tips for, 114, 133 tools for, 114 SmartSound Movie Maestro, 114 software BetterHTMLExport, 138, 139 compatible email, 116 Easy Card Creator, 106 GraphicConverter, 73, 136 ImageBuddy, 104, 110 iView Media Pro, 114, 139 keeping iPhoto copy on disk after downloading, 5 myPhoto, 139 photos don’t open in external program, 152 Portraits & Prints, 110 Print Explosion, 106 QuickTime Player Pro, 141 SmartSound Movie Maestro, 114 Still Life, 114 software requirements, 2 Software Update preferences pane, 3 Software Update utility, installing iPhoto with, 4 Speech menu, 89 spelling check, 88–89 Spelling panel, 88 Standard Prints print style, 109 Start Speaking command, 89 Still Life, 114 stopping photo importing, 15 Story Book theme, 96 style changes, 85, 86 styles. See print styles subscribing to .Mac Slides, 129 Subscriptions sheet (.Mac), 129 Index T 189 Index taking better photos, 167–177 accessories for cameras, 171 artistic vs. documentary photos, 168 child and pet photos, 175 choosing cameras, 169 finding reviews of cameras, 170 general tips for, 172–173 landscape photos, 176 portrait photos, 174 travel photos, 177 testing AppleScripts, 144 text changing color of, 87 checking spelling as you type, 89 deleting when switching themes, 83 editing on HomePage, 127 entering or editing, 83 fonts, 85 printing photos and text from book mode, 102 searching for, 51 styles, 85, 86 typing punctuation and, 84 text warning icons, 82 Theme pop-up menu, 77, 79 themes Catalog book, 92 choosing for books, 79 Classic book, 93 creating new, 78 Picture book, 94 Portfolio book, 95 Story Book, 96 text deleted when switched, 83 Year Book, 97 thumbnails arranging photos as, 77, 81 crashes viewing, 153 display during image downloading, 13 don’t reflect changes, 153 organizing film roll as, 12 Thumbs folders, 19 TidBITS, 157 titles adding to books, 79 arranging by, 44 assigning, 45 changing film roll, 36 illustrated, 31 printing for contact sheets, 104 showing or hiding, 32 toolbar customizing, 58 displaying tools on, 59 using, 59 tools book mode, 77 displaying on toolbar, 59 editing, 56–57 organize mode, 31, 100 for sharing photos, 100–101 for slideshows, 114 Web export, 139 tracking imports as separate film rolls, 12, 36 Trash dragging photo to Trash album, 43 dragging photo to Trash icon on Dock, 20 removing photos from, 21 travel photos, 177 troubleshooting, 147–158 avoiding black-and-white photos in books, 79, 123, 155 avoiding Crop keyboard shortcut, 55 camera or card reader not recognized, 150 can’t enable 1-Click ordering, 156 crashes viewing thumbnail, 153 damaged photo warnings, 151 dealing with warning icons, 158 disappearing photos, 148 duplicate photos after import, 151 excessive editing, 153 files not appearing after import, 150 flaky behavior and crashes, 148 font and style changes, 86 help for, 157 importing photos from card reader, 14 iPhoto crashes when photos double-clicked, 152 keywords, 49 miscellaneous problems, 149 order damaged or not received, 156 performance problems, 149 photos don’t open in external program, 152 printing, 154 problems after file import, 151 problems with prints and books, 155 Revert to Original command dimmed, 152 thumbnails don’t reflect changes, 153 unable to edit photos, 152 typing punctuation and text, 84 Index U underlined text, 86 undoing changes, 71, 80 keyword assignments, 49 updating iPhoto, 4 USB Card/PC Card Reader, 171 USB ports, 2 user interface, 9 V version 1.1.1 vs. 2, 6 View menu, 44 viewing crashes during thumbnail, 153 last set of imported photos, 12 PDF file of book, 90 photo information, 52 Index W warning icons low-resolution, 68, 82, 158 in Print dialog, 104 text, 82 troubleshooting, 158 Web Page tab (Export Photos dialog), 138 Web pages Apple .Mac Signup, 124 exporting photos to, 138–139 publishing photos using HomePage, 126 Web sites downloading iPhoto from, 3 extracting folders to Desktop, 5 windows, See also Preferences window; and specific windows dragging photos to outgoing email, 117 Keywords/Search window, 48 Publish HomePage, 126 tools for editing in separate, 57 zooming photos in image-editing, 60 writing AppleScripts, 144 Y Year Book theme, 97 Z Zoom buttons, 57, 60 zooming photos, 60 190 SIGN UP. IT’S FREE. * ** • Concise Macintosh & Internet news • In-depth reviews & how-to articles • Delivered weekly via email • 12 years of searchable archives http://www.tidbits.com/ • Published continuously since 1990 • No artificial ingredients Send email to [email protected] * Join readers from Apple, Microsoft, Adobe, Quark, and Macromedia, in over 120 nations and 9 languages. ** No money down. No payments. No hidden charges. No salesperson will call. Really, TıdBITS is free.
* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project