BK Radio | DMH APCO Project 25 | Owner`s manual | BK Radio DMH APCO Project 25 Owner`s manual

REV 805
NOTES:
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Features..................................................................... Inside Front Cover
FCC Requirements .................................................................................4
Safety Precautions..................................................................................4
RF Energy Exposure Awareness And Control Information ....................5
Radio Controls ........................................................................................8
Basic Operation ......................................................................................8
Channel Guard Operation.......................................................................9
Mixed Mode Operation .........................................................................12
Secure Operation..................................................................................13
Channel Groups....................................................................................15
Programmable Push Buttons/ Microphone FCN Key Menu .................15
Scan Operation.....................................................................................20
Priority Scan .........................................................................................22
Unit-To-Unit Call ...................................................................................26
Emergency Call ....................................................................................30
User Selected Channel Guard..............................................................31
Other Operational Features ..................................................................32
Alphanumeric Display ...........................................................................35
Definitions And Acronyms.....................................................................37
Service ........................................................................ Inside Back Cover
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BK Radio
DMH Owner’s Manual
3
INTRODUCTION
This
section
contains
DEFINITIONS AND ACRONYMS
information
concerning
the
operational
ANI
Automatic Numeric Identification
CG
Channel Guard
CLR
Clear
Channel Guard
A subaudible tone, a code (analog) or a Network Access Code
(digital) for selective calling and receiving.
DTMF
Dual Tone Multiple Frequency
interoperate with narrow or wide band analog channels as well as
DTMF Tones
Tones that sound like those used by a standard push-button
telephone.
digital systems. Please take a moment to read the information in this
ENT
Enter
FCN
Function
GRP
Group
ID
Digital reception/transmission – ‘It’s Digital.”
Individual
Personality
The information programmed with a PC on both a global and bychannel basis that tells the radio exactly how to operate.
Mixed Mode
Allows Analog and Digital operation on the same channel
NAC
Network Access Code for digital channel.
PR
Priority Channel
PRG
Programming mode
PRI
Priority
PTT
Push-To-Talk
RTA
Repeater Talk Around
RTX Channel
Ready-to-Transmit Channel
RX
Receive
SCN
Scan
SQL
Squelch
procedures for BK Radio DMH APCO Project 25 digital mobile radios.
To meet backwards compatibility as defined by the APCO Project 25
standard, the DMH digital mobile radio provides users the ability to
manual so you can get optimum performance from your new radio.
FCC REQUIREMENTS
Your radio must be properly licensed by the Federal Communications
Commission prior to use. Your BK Radio dealer can assist you in
meeting these requirements. Your dealer will program each radio with
your authorized frequencies, signaling codes, etc., and will be there to
meet your communications needs as your system expands.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
• Do not operate the transmitter in close proximity
to blasting caps.
Squelch
A control that eliminates background noise.
Talkback Scan
When scanning, if a signal is present, the scan will stop and you
will hear the signal. If you then push the PTT switch to talk back
to the person, you are in Talkback Scan Mode.
TGID
Talk Group ID
Do not operate the transmitter if a person
Time-Out Timer
A feature that limits the duration of calls.
outside the vehicle is less than three feet from
TX
Transmit
• Do not operate the radio in an explosive
atmosphere (petroleum fuels, solvents, dust,
etc.).
•
the antenna or touching the antenna.
4
BK Radio
DMH Owner’s Manual
37
CHANNEL LABELS
You can program the radio with a label for each of the
25 channel groups and a label for each of the 16
channels within each group.
To display the channel number associated with a
channel label:
1. Press the microphone’s [#] key to display the
group number.
2. Press the [#] key again to display the channel
number.
3. Press and hold the [#] key to display the channel
label.
4. Press the [ENT] key or wait for about 5 seconds to
revert to normal radio operation.
Each label can include up to eight characters, with
decimal points available between characters.
Characters can include A-Z, 0-9, -, *, $, /, +, %, \, |, _,
<, >, h, or a blank space.
GROUP LABELS
The display can show group labels in addition to group
numbers.
To display a group label, turn scanning functions off,
then:
1. Press the microphone’s [#] key to display the
group number.
2. Press and hold the [#] key to display the group
label.
3. Press the [ENT] key or wait for about 5 seconds to
revert to normal radio operation.
RF ENERGY EXPOSURE AWARENESS AND
CONTROL INFORMATION, AND OPERATIONAL
INSTRUCTIONS FOR FCC OCCUPATIONAL USE
REQUIREMENTS
BEFORE USING YOUR MOBILE 2-WAY RADIO, READ THE
INFORMATION BELOW WHICH CONTAINS IMPORTANT
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS FOR SAFE USAGE AND RF ENERGY
AWARENESS AND CONTROL INFORMATION FOR COMPLIANCE
WITH RF ENERGY EXPOSURE LIMITS IN APPLICABLE NATIONAL
AND INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS.
NOTICE:
This radio is intended for use in
occupational/controlled conditions, where users have full
knowledge of their exposure and can exercise control over
their exposure to meet FCC limits. This radio device is NOT
authorized for general population, consumer, or any other use.
This 2-way radio uses electromagnetic energy in the radio frequency
(RF) spectrum to provide communications between two or more users
over a distance. It uses radio frequency (RF) energy or radio waves to
send and receive calls. RF energy is one form of electromagnetic
energy; other forms include, but are not limited to, sunlight and x-rays.
RF energy, however, should not be confused with these other forms of
electromagnetic energy, which when used improperly, can cause
biological damage. Very high levels of x-rays, for example, can
damage tissues and genetic material.
Experts in science, engineering, medicine, health and industry work
with organizations to develop standards for exposure to RF energy.
These standards provide recommended levels of RF exposure for both
workers and the general public. These recommended RF exposure
levels include substantial margins of protection. All 2-way radios are
designed, manufactured, and tested to ensure they meet government
established RF exposure levels. In addition, manufacturers also
recommend specific operating instructions to users of 2-way radios.
These instructions are important because they inform users about RF
energy exposure and provide simple procedures on how to control it.
Please refer to the following WEBSITES for more information on what
RF energy exposure is and how to control your exposure to assure
compliance with established RF exposure limits.
http://www.fcc.gov/oet/rfsafety/rf-faqs.html
http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/radiofrequencyradiation/index.html
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BK Radio
DMH Owner’s Manual
5
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
REGULATIONS
BUSY CHANNEL LOCKOUT WITH OVERRIDE
The FCC rules require manufacturers to comply with the FCC RF
energy exposure limits for mobile 2-way radios before they can be
marketed in the U.S. When 2-way radios are used as a consequence
of employment, the FCC requires users to be fully aware of and able to
control their exposure to meet occupational requirements. Exposure
awareness can be facilitated by the use of a product label directing
users to specific user awareness information. Your BK Radio 2-way
radio has an RF exposure product label. Also, your BK Radio owner’s
and service manuals include information and operating instructions
required to control your RF exposure and to satisfy compliance
requirements.
COMPLIANCE WITH RF EXPOSURE STANDARDS
This mode operates in the same manner as Busy
Channel Lockout except that the user can override and
transmit by pressing the CG button to disable receive
Channel Guard (an arrow will appear over the button).
The transmitter is locked out only if the CG button is off
(no arrow above the CG button).
ALPHANUMERIC DISPLAY
The Alphanumeric Display can be programmed to
operate in Numeric Mode, displaying channel numbers
instead of labels.
Display annunciators indicate the following information:
Your BK Radio 2-way radio is designed and tested to comply with a
number of national and international standards and guidelines (listed
below) for human exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic energy.
This radio complies with the IEEE and ICNIRP exposure limits for
occupational/controlled RF exposure environment at operating duty
factors of up to 50% talk-50% listen and is authorized by the FCC for
occupational use only. In terms of measuring RF energy for
compliance with the FCC exposure guidelines, your radio antenna
radiates measurable RF energy only while it is transmitting (during
talking), not when it is receiving (listening) or in Standby Mode.
ALPHANUMERIC
PR
-Priority Channel
PRG
-Programming Mode
TX
-Transmit
RX
-Receive
SCN
-Scan List Channel
-Flashing SCN indicates
scanning in progress, and RX
SCN indicates receiving on a
scanned channel.
ID
-Digital reception/transmission ‘It’s Digital’
Your BK Radio 2-way radio complies with the following RF energy
exposure standards and guidelines:
•
United States Federal Communications Commission, Code of
Federal Regulations; 47 CFR §§ 1.1307, 1.1310, 2.1091 and
2.1093
•
American National Standards Institute (ANSI) / Institute of
Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) C95. 1-1992
•
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) C95.11999 Edition
INDICATION
-Programming Mode - Automatic
Numeric Identification (ANI)
CG
-User Channel Guard Active
GRP
-Group Label
INDUSTRY CANADA COMPLIANCE
-Individual Call
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
-Flashing phone icon indicates
missed call.
Cet appareil numerique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB003 Canada.
6
BK Radio
DMH Series mobile radios can be programmed with
the following features:
DMH Owner’s Manual
35
RF EXPOSURE COMPLIANCE AND CONTROL GUIDELINES
AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
BUSY CHANNEL INDICATION
The yellow Busy Channel Indicator glows if there is
carrier activity on the selected channel. If the selected
channel is a Channel Guard channel and the proper
Channel Guard value is not detected, the Busy
Channel Indicator remains on for the duration of the
carrier activity and no message is heard. During Scan
and Priority Scan operation, the Busy Channel
Indicator glows when activity is detected on any
channel on the Scan List.
When scanning or priority scanning Channel Guard
channels with the CG (Channel Guard Disable) button
OFF and activity has been detected, the Busy Channel
Indicator glows for the time period necessary to
determine if the proper Channel Guard value has been
received. This will cause the Busy Channel Indicator to
flash at various rates.
To control exposure to yourself and others and to ensure compliance
with the RF exposure limits, always adhere to the following procedures.
Guidelines:
•
User awareness instructions must accompany device when
transferred to other users.
•
Do not use this device if the operational requirements
described herein are not met.
Operating Instructions:
•
Transmit no more than the rated duty factor of 50% of
the time. To transmit (talk), push the Push-To-Talk (PTT)
button. The red LED will illuminate when the radio is
transmitting. To receive calls, release the PTT button. The
red LED will extinguish when the radio stops transmitting.
Transmitting 50% of the time, or less, is important because
this radio generates measurable RF energy exposure only
when transmitting (in terms of measuring for standards
compliance).
•
Transmit only when persons around the vehicle are at
least 3 feet (90 centimeters) away from the vehicle with a
properly installed antenna. This separation distance will
ensure that there is sufficient distance from a properly
installed (according to installation instructions) externallymounted antenna to satisfy the RF exposure requirements in
the standards listed above.
BUSY CHANNEL LOCKOUT
The Busy Channel Lockout feature applies only to
those channels programmed with a receive Channel
Guard value. When carrier activity is detected on the
channel selected, the radio checks the receive
Channel Guard value. If the proper Channel Guard
value is present, the radio can transmit on that channel
even if the CG button is off.
If the radio detects an incorrect value or carrier activity
only, the transmitter is disabled. If an attempt is made
to transmit, an alert tone will be generated and the
display will show the word BUSY until the channel
becomes available or the PTT switch is released,
whether the CG button is on or off.
CONTACT INFORMATION
For additional information on exposure requirements or other
information, visit website http://www.relm.com.
Channels not programmed with a receive Channel
Guard value can be used to transmit regardless of
carrier activity.
34
BK Radio
DMH Owner’s Manual
7
DTMF ENCODING (Analog Mode Only)
RADIO CONTROLS
Transmit Indicator
Radios with keypad-equipped microphones can be
programmed to enable DTMF (Dual Tone Multiple
Frequency) encoding. To send DTMF tones (similar to
the tones used by a standard push-button telephone):
Display Dimming Sensor
Priority Indicator
Busy Channel Light
Function Button
On/Off Indicators
1. Press and hold the PTT switch.
2. Press any of the keys on the microphone’s
keypad.
MON
SCN
PRI
OFF -
GRP
CH
VOL
You will hear a sidetone.
SQL
BK RADIO
DMH
GMH
The FCN, PRI, ENT, and CLR keys respond as DTMF
tones A, B, C, and D, respectively.
ANI ENCODING (Analog Mode Only)
Microphone
Connector
On/Off
Volume Knob
Channel Selector
Knob
Function Buttons
BASIC OPERATION
RECEIVE
1. Turn power on by pushing and releasing the
Volume knob. The radio will beep, indicating that
it has passed its self test and is operational.
2. Set volume by pressing the [MON] button to hear
squelch noise. Turn the Volume knob to set a
comfortable volume level. Press the [MON] button
again to stop squelch noise.
3. Select a channel group (if applicable) by pressing
the [GRP] button and turning the Channel Selector
knob. Press the [GRP] button again to return to
Channel Select mode.
4. Select a channel by turning the Channel Selector
knob. When the unstopped channel selector is
th
rotated past the highest (16 ) channel, the radio
will emit a beep and remain on the highest
st
channel. When rotated past the lowest (1 )
channel, the radio will emit a beep and remain on
the lowest channel.
8
BK Radio
ANI encoding (Automatic Number Identification), if
enabled, transmits a sequence of DTMF tones each
time you press the PTT switch. You will hear a
sidetone. Your dealer can program the ANI number to
be sent.
If DTMF and ANI are both enabled, the ANI tone
sequence is transmitted only after the microphone’s
[ENT] key is pressed while the PTT switch is activated.
You will hear a sidetone.
TIME-OUT TIMER
The transmit Time-Out Timer limits the duration of calls
and guards against accidentally locking on the
transmitter and tying up the radio system. Your dealer
can program the duration of the Time-Out Timer (15225 seconds, or disabled).
BUSY CHANNEL
If the radio has been programmed for Busy Channel
operation, it will operate in one of the following three
Modes:
•
Busy Channel Indication
•
Busy Channel Lockout
•
Busy Channel Lockout with Override
DMH Owner’s Manual
33
4. Press the microphone’s [#] key to display the
Channel Guard channel briefly. The display shows
the group number, followed by the Channel Guard
channel, and then the selected channel.
5. Press the [0] key to reset all values to the original
programming, or press different number keys (116) to select a different set of Channel Guard
Values.
NOTE: During Scan or Priority Scan, the receiver
does not use the user-selected Channel
Guard values.
However, user-selected
Channel Guard values are used by the
transmitter in Scan Mode.
OTHER OPERATIONAL FEATURES
TRANSMIT 1. Press the PTT (Push-To-Talk) switch on the
microphone. The TX annunciator appears on the
display and the red Transmit indicator illuminates
while the PTT is pressed.
2. Talk in a normal voice with the microphone
approximately one to two inches from your mouth.
3. Release the PTT switch to stop transmitting.
The BK Radio D Series radio is based on a
microprocessor core that allows extra features and
operational characteristics to be programmed into the
radio. Your dealer can help define the best operational
settings for your system and program them into the
radio.
SCAN DELAY
Scan delay lets the radio receive a response to a
transmission before scanning the other channels for
activity. If you find that your scanner is restarting
before message replies are received, you can ask your
dealer to increase the scan delay time (0-7.5 seconds).
This timer is also used to allow for Talkback Scan,
Mixed Mode Talkback, and Unit-To-Unit Callback.
HI/LO POWER
Each channel in the radio can be individually
programmed to always transmit in low-power mode,
regardless of the position of the radio's LPW button (or
microphone keypad [FCN] menu setting). If the
programming for the channel allows high-power
transmissions, the power level can be selected with the
LPW button or the keypad [FCN] menu.
32
The display can show channel numbers (Numeric
Mode), channel labels (Alphanumeric Mode), or
receive and transmit frequencies. The Display Mode
and Channel Labels are programmed by the technician
along with Group Labels (if applicable) and channel
frequencies. The display shows slightly different
indications during Channel Scan and Priority Scan
operation in alphanumeric and numeric modes.
BK Radio
If the TX annunciator does not appear and a tone is
heard, you are on a receive-only channel or the
channel is busy (if Busy Channel Lockout is enabled).
Turn the Channel Selector knob to an authorized
transmit channel or wait until the channel is clear (if
Busy Channel Lockout is installed).
If the length of your transmission exceeds the preset
Time-Out Timer setting, the transmitter automatically
shuts off and a tone sounds. To continue the
transmission, release the PTT switch, and then press it
again and continue talking.
CHANNEL GUARD OPERATION
Channel Guard allows one radio or group of radios to
be selectively called within a system. If the radio has
been programmed with Channel Guard, use the
following receive and transmit instructions.
ANALOG SQUELCH CONTROL
Sub-audible signaling (CTCSS/CDCSS) is used to
allow a group of radios to be selectively called in a
system. Programming the receive guard equal to zero
allows for Carrier Squelch operation, where the radio
will unmute whenever a carrier is detected.
DMH Owner’s Manual
9
APCO PROJECT 25 SQUELCH CONTROL
Network Access Codes (NACs) provide the digital
equivalent
of
analog
sub-audible
signaling
(CTCSS/CDCSS) allowing a group of radios to be
selectively called within a system.
Users in the same area (using the same NAC) can be
further divided into Talk Groups, with each group
having its own Talk Group ID (TGID). Group Calls are
made by designating both the users’ NAC and TGID.
Each radio also has an individual P25 unit ID. A Unitto-Unit call contains the addressee’s NAC, and uses
the addressee’s P25 unit ID instead of the TGID.
When operating in Digital Mode, each channel can be
programmed to use either Normal squelch or Selective
squelch.
1. Normal Squelch
Normal squelch is used to mimic analog operation.
Signals are only qualified with the programmed
NAC. TGIDs and P25 Unit IDs are ignored. Each
digital channel is programmed with a receive NAC
and a transmit NAC. When an incoming signal’s
NAC matches the channel’s programmed receive
NAC, the radio unmutes. The default NAC is 659
($293 hex). The digital equivalent of carrier
squelch is achieved by programming the receive
NAC = 3966($F7E hex) the radio will unmute when
a digital signal with any NAC is detected. The
3966 ($F7E hex) NAC is reserved for receivers
and is not allowed as a transmit NAC.
2. Selective Squelch
Selective squelch is used for processing ‘Group
Calls’ and ‘Unit-to-Unit Calls’. TGIDs are assigned
on a per-channel basis. Users can be separated
into Talk Groups with each group having its own
TGID. Then, on channels programmed for
Selective squelch, the incoming signal’s NAC and
transmit on the knob-selected channel with the
emergency bit set, indicating an emergency condition.
If the Channel Selector is changed, the Emergency
Mode will follow to the newly selected channel. Cycle
power to return the radio to normal operation.
On channels programmed for analog transmissions,
and channels programmed for Mixed Mode
transmissions with the ‘TX Digital’ switch OFF,
pressing PTT in Emergency Mode will result in a
normal analog transmission.
USER SELECTED CHANNEL GUARD
User Selected Channel Guard is only available on
radios equipped with a keypad microphone. Not all
microphones support this function.
Contact your
dealer to determine which features are available with
your microphone and have been enabled in the radio.
When the radio is being programmed with transmit
and receive frequencies for each channel, a receive
Channel Guard value and a transmit Channel Guard
value can also be assigned to each channel. If User
Channel Guard Selection is enabled, the Channel
Guard values for any channel can be copied to
another channel in the radio.
On channels
programmed for Analog operation only, the CTCSS or
CDCSS guard values will be copied. On channels
programmed for Digital operation only, NAC’s only will
be copied unless the radio is programmed to also
copy the Talk Group ID (TGID), Mode (Digital, Analog
or Mixed) and Squelch setting (Normal or Selective).
On Mixed Mode channels, Analog or Digital values will
be copied as needed.
For example, to use the Channel Guard values of
Channel 9 with the frequencies of Channel 5:
1. Turn Scan and Priority Scan OFF.
2. Turn the Channel Selector knob to Channel 5.
3. Press the [9] key on the microphone keypad. The
display shows CG.
The radio will now operate on the frequencies of
Channel 5 with Channel 9 Channel Guard values.
The display shows the Channel Guard channel (9),
and then the selected channel (5).
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DMH Owner’s Manual
31
1. Press the [#] key to toggle a decimal on or off to
the right of the character in position 7. The decimal
moves left with the number in position 7 as new
numbers are entered.
2. Use the following steps to enter a number in
position 8 or characters in positions 1-8:
a. Press the [PRI] key repeatedly to cycle
through characters 0-9, A-Z, -, *, $, /, +, %, \, |,
_, <, >, h, blank, then back to the start again.
If you pass the desired character, press the
[PRI] key repeatedly until you return to the
start and reach that character again.
b. Press the [FCN] key to shift the display left by
one position, leaving position 8 blank.
c.
CHANNEL GUARD RECEIVE
Press the [PRI] key repeatedly to enter the
next character, or press the [FCN] key a
second time to enter a blank space.
1. Turn power on by pushing and releasing the
Volume knob. The radio will beep, indicating that it
has passed its self test and is operational.
d. To abandon changes, press the [CLR] key,
restoring the original label.
2. Set volume by pressing the [MON] button to hear
squelch noise. Turn the Volume knob to set a
comfortable volume level. Press the [MON] button
again to stop squelch noise.
e. Press the [ENT] key to store changes.
PROGRAMMING A NUMERIC ID
Press [ENT] to display the numeric ID. Press [CLR],
then enter the new ID (up to 7 digits). Press [ENT] to
store the new ID. Select a new ID to be programmed,
or press and hold [ENT] to exit Programming Mode
(the PRG annunciator will be extinguished).
EMERGENCY CALL
Note: Emergency operation only applies to channels
programmed for Digital or Mixed Mode transmissions. If the
channel is programmed for Mixed Mode transmissions, the ‘TX
Digital’ switch must be ON.
30
TGID must match the channels programmed
receive NAC and TGID for the radio to unmute.
The default TGID is 1. The TGID value 65535
($FFFF hex) is used to effect an “All Call”. If the
radio receives a signal with a matching NAC and
the TGID = 65535 ($FFFF hex), it will unmute.
Also, if the radio’s programmed TGID is 65535
($FFFF hex), it will open on any signal with a
matching NAC, ignoring the incoming TGID. A
TGID = 0 means “no one”. If the radio is
programmed with the TGID = 0, it will accept
incoming group calls containing the “All Call”
TGID, and correctly addressed Unit-to-Unit calls.
To place an emergency group call, press and hold the
emergency button until the radio beeps and the display
flashes. On some models, the emergency button may
be the microphone’s [PRI] key. All scanning and
priority scanning functions will be disabled. If the radio
is in Unit-To-Unit Mode, that mode will be exited and
the radio will be placed in Emergency Mode. Each
subsequent press of PTT will cause the radio to
BK Radio
3. Select a channel group (if applicable) by pressing
the [GRP] button and turning the Channel Selector
knob. Press the [GRP] button again to return to
Channel Select mode.
4. Select a channel by turning the Channel Selector
knob.
5. Press the [CG] button to disable or enable
Channel Guard operation. On analog channels,
the radio reverts to carrier squelch. On digital
channels, the radio will unmute when a digital
signal with any NAC is detected. An arrow on the
display points to the [CG] button when Channel
Guard is disabled. When Channel Guard is
enabled, a message is heard only when the proper
Channel Guard is received.
DMH Owner’s Manual
11
CHANNEL GUARD TRANSMIT
1. Monitor the channel, before transmitting on
Channel Guard channels, by lifting the microphone
off hook or pressing the [MON] button. Listen to
the channel for a few seconds to ensure that no
communications are occurring on the channel.
2. Press the PTT (Push-To-Talk) switch on the
microphone. The TX annunciator appears on the
display and the red Transmit indicator illuminates
while the PTT is pressed. Talk in a normal voice
with the microphone approximately one to two
inches from your mouth. Release the PTT switch
to stop transmitting.
3. Hang up the microphone when finished. If you
pressed the [MON] button to monitor the channel,
press it again after the transmission to return to
Channel Guard operation.
MIXED MODE OPERATION
The receiver and transmitter are capable of operating
in analog wide-band (25 kHz channel spacing), analog
narrow-band (12.5 kHz channel spacing) and APCO
Project 25 Digital Mode.
Each channel’s Receive and Transmit Mode can be
set independently as follows:
Mode
RX
TX
Analog
Receive qualified
analog signals
only
Transmit analog
signals only
Digital
Receive qualified
digital signals
only
Transmit digital
signals only
Mixed
Automatically
receive qualified
analog or digital
signals
Transmit analog or
digital signal,
depending on the
status of ‘TX
Digital’ soft switch.
Digital receptions and transmissions will be indicated
by illuminating the ‘ID’ annunciator in addition to the
‘RX’ or ‘TX’ annunciator.
12
BK Radio
When the hold time expires, the display will return to the
normal Operating Mode display, but the phone icon will
flash until the microphone’s [*] key is pressed, putting
the radio in Unit-To-Unit Mode, displaying the last active
ID.
UNIT-TO-UNIT CALLBACK
If Unit-To-Unit callback is enabled, and a Unit-To-Unit
call is received on the Ready-to-Transmit (RTX)
channel, the user may press PTT before the hold time
expires, causing the radio to enter Unit-To-Unit Mode
and transmit using the received ID as the destination
ID. If the callback timer expires before PTT is pressed,
the radio will return to normal Operating Mode, but the
phone icon will flash until the [*] key is pressed,
bringing up the last active ID.
To exit Unit-To-Unit Mode, press and hold the
microphone’s [*] key.
The callback timer can be cleared by making the held
channel invalid. For instance, if a scan channel is
being held, turn scan off.
PROGRAMMING UNIT-TO-UNIT CALL LIST
Press the microphone’s [*] key to bring up the last
active ID. If the last active ID was a Call List ID, the
ID’s label will be displayed along with the phone icon.
Otherwise, the ID number will be displayed along with
the phone and ID icon.
Press a number key (0 – 9) to go directly to the desired
Call List ID, or press [PRI] repeatedly to cycle to the
label of the ID to be re-programmed. Press and hold
the [FCN] key to enter ID Programming Mode (PRG
icon will be illuminated). As in keypad Programming
Mode, normal radio function will be disabled until ID
Programming Mode is exited.
PROGRAMMING A LABEL
Press the [CLR] key. The display becomes blank.
Press number keys to enter 0-9 in positions 1-7. The
digits start in position 7, then move left.
DMH Owner’s Manual
29
If Unit-To-Unit Mode is entered when the RTX channel
is programmed for analog-only transmissions,
pressing PTT will cause the radio to beep until PTT is
released. The user must select a channel capable
of digital transmissions before placing a Unit-ToUnit call. If the RTX channel is programmed for
Mixed Mode transmit, transmissions will be made as
digital Unit-To-Unit calls while the radio is in Unit-ToUnit Mode, regardless of the position of the ‘TX Digital’
switch.
INITIATING A UNIT-TO-UNIT CALL
To initiate a Unit-To-Unit call, press the microphone’s
[*] key to enter Unit-To-Unit Mode. The label of the
last active (called or received) ID will appear on the
display.
If the last active ID was a Call List ID, its label will be
displayed along with the phone icon, otherwise the
numeric ID will be displayed along with the phone and
ID icon. If a label is displayed, press and hold [#] to
view the corresponding numeric ID.
To place a call to the displayed unit, press PTT. To
choose another unit, use the microphone’s keypad to
enter the desired call list entry (0 - 9), or press [PRI]
repeatedly to cycle through all call list entries, or press
[#] to manually key in a new ID (up to 7 digits). To reselect the ‘last active’ ID, press the [*] key. Once the
new unit ID is selected or entered, press PTT to place
the call.
To exit Unit-To-Unit Mode, press and hold the
microphone’s [*] key.
RECEIVING A UNIT-TO-UNIT CALL
When a Unit-To-Unit call is received while the radio is in
normal Operating Mode, the radio will beep twice. The
display will show the ID of the calling unit. If the ID
matches one of the Call List IDs, the associated label
will be displayed along with the RX and phone icons.
Otherwise the numeric ID will be displayed along with
the RX, phone, and ID icons. The calling unit’s ID will
be displayed for the duration of the reception, and once
the signal goes away, for a programmed hold time.
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BK Radio
MIXED MODE TALKBACK
If Mixed Mode Talkback is enabled, transmissions
initiated while hold time remains will be in the same
mode as the received signal, if the signal was received
on the Ready to Transmit (RTX) channel. Depending
on programming, the RTX channel can be the main
channel, a held scan or priority channel if Talkback
Scan is enabled, or the Priority 1 channel if TX on PR1
is enabled. TX Mode on the RTX channel must be set
to MIXED.
While hold time after a reception remains,
transmissions will be in the same mode as the
received signal, regardless of the status of the ‘TX
Digital’ soft switch. As in Talkback Scan, the RTX
channel and receive annunciators will be displayed for
the duration of the timer.
The talkback timer can be cleared by making the held
channel invalid. For instance, if a scan channel is
being held, turn scan off.
SECURE OPERATION
The radio may optionally be configured for Secure
communication on channels operating in Digital Mode.
No encryption is available for analog channels.
The receiver automatically detects both clear and
secure signals.
The transmitter selects clear or secure operation
based on each channel’s programming.
Digital
channels can be programmed to always transmit
encrypted, always transmit clear, or to select the
Transmit Mode with the ‘TX Secure’ switch.
If enabled by programming, a ‘Clear TX-mode Warning
Beep’ will sound whenever the radio transmits in Clear
Mode.
DMH Owner’s Manual
13
The display indicates Secure Operation as follows:
1. In Standby Mode, if the radio will transmit in
Secure Mode when PTT is pressed, the encrypt
icon flashes in the display.
2. When receiving or transmitting an encrypted
signal, the encrypt icon flashes in the display.
TRANSMIT KEY SELECTION
The radio can hold up to 32 DES or AES encryption
keys. Each channel is assigned a default key for
transmit. The key can be locked to the channel, or if
programming allows, a transmit key other than the
default key can be selected from the radio’s Key Pick
List. If a key is selected from the pick list, it will be
used during transmit on every channel that allows
selectable keys.
To access the Key Pick List, press the microphone’s
[FCN] button. The display momentarily shows ‘KEY
##’, where ## is the number of the currently selected
transmit key, and then shows the key’s label. If no key
has been selected (default keys are being used), the
display shows ‘KEY DFLT.’ If the [FCN] button is
pressed again, the radio displays the first of any soft
switches assigned to the function menu (see page 15).
Press the microphone’s [PRI] button to step through
the list of key labels, or enter the number of the desired
transmit key. Press the [ENT] button to activate the
selected transmit key. Press “0” or the [CLR] button to
return to using default (pre-programmed) transmit keys
on all channels.
If a key is selected that has not been programmed,
when PTT is pressed, the radio will not transmit but will
beep and display ‘NO KEY’.
ZEROIZATION
The radio provides a method for the user to paniczeroize all encryption keys. This service also sets all
touchpad passwords to ‘FFFFFF’. The zeroization
service is invoked as follows:
14
BK Radio
UNIT-TO-UNIT MODE
When the radio is in Unit-To-Unit Mode, all scanning
functions will be disabled. The radio will receive and
transmit on the Ready-to-Transmit (RTX) channel only.
Depending on programming, the RTX channel can be
the main channel, a held scan or priority channel if
Talkback Scan is enabled, or the Priority 1 channel if
TX on PR1 is enabled. To alert the user that the radio
is in Unit-To-Unit Mode, a beep will periodically sound
until the unit is returned to normal Operating Mode.
If the RTX channel’s Digital Squelch Mode is set to
‘selective’, the radio will accept group calls, correctly
addressed Unit-To-Unit calls, and if RX Mode is set to
mixed, analog signals.
When a correctly addressed Unit-To-Unit call is
received, the radio will beep twice. If the calling unit’s
ID matches one of the Call List IDs, the associated
label will be displayed along with the RX and phone
icon. Otherwise, the numeric ID will be displayed
along with the RX, ID, and phone icon.
If the calling unit is not the same unit displayed before
the call was received, the calling unit’s ID will be
displayed for the duration of the reception. The
previously displayed ID will remain the default transmit
ID, but the interrupting ID will be captured as ‘last
active’. To speak to the interrupting caller, press [*] to
make the last active ID the new default transmit ID.
When a group call (or, if allowed, an analog signal) is
received, the radio will display the RTX channel’s label
for the duration of the reception.
If the RTX channel’s Digital Squelch Mode is set to
‘normal’, the radio performs as when the Squelch
Mode is ‘selective’, except all individual calls will be
received when the incoming NAC matches the
channel’s programmed receive NAC, not just individual
calls addressed to the unit.
Individual calls not
addressed to the unit will be indistinguishable from
group calls. Only the channel label will be displayed,
not the ID of the calling unit.
DMH Owner’s Manual
27
To reply to a message heard on the priority channel,
press the PTT switch. The radio transmits only on the
priority channel when Priority Scan is on. Once activity
has ceased on the priority channel, the radio returns to
scan operation.
CHANGE THE PRIORITY 1 CHANNEL
The fixed Priority 1 channel can be permanently set or
can be changeable. If the radio has a changeable
priority channel, use the following steps to make this
change.
1. Turn Scan and Priority Scan off.
2. Turn the Channel Selector knob to the channel you
want to enter as the new Priority 1 channel.
3. Press and hold the [PRI] button for more than 1
second. A short beep sounds and PR appears in
the display, indicating that the displayed channel is
now the priority channel.
NOTE: If the radio is programmed for Dual Priority
operation, only Priority 1 channel can be
changed with the [PRI] button.
NOTE: A channel can be the priority channel even
if it is on the Scan List. Due to multiple
sampling of the same channel, however,
maximum performance occurs when the
priority channel is not on the Scan List.
UNIT-TO-UNIT CALL
P25 Unit IDs allow for Unit-To-Unit calls when the radio
is operating in Digital Mode. The microphone’s [*] key
must be enabled by radio programming to allow this
mode of operation. To view the radio’s ID, press and
hold the [*] key while not in Unit-To-Unit Mode. (UnitTo-Unit Mode is indicated by a phone icon in the upper
right corner of the display). Channels programmed for
analog only operation will not be able to transmit or
receive Unit-To-Unit calls.
26
BK Radio
•
Press and hold the microphone’s [CLR] button.
•
Wait for the radio to start beeping and for the
‘ZERO ALL’ message to appear on the display.
•
While continuing to hold the [CLR] button, press
and release the PTT switch.
•
Release the [CLR] button.
•
The radio will stop beeping and the ‘ZEROIZED’
message will appear on the display after all keys
are destroyed.
If the [CLR] button is released before PTT is pressed,
keys and passwords will not be destroyed, and
‘CANCELED’ will appear on the display.
CHANNEL GROUPS
Radios are separated into groups of 16 channels each. Each group of
16 channels can be programmed to have an "individual personality"
with its own set of operational features.
1. Select a channel group (if applicable) by pressing
the GRP button and turning the Channel Selector
knob. Press the GRP button again to return to
channel select mode. See “GRP” on page 17.
2. Select a channel by turning the Channel Selector
knob. When the unstopped channel selector is
th
rotated past the highest (16 ) channel, the radio
will emit a beep and remain on the highest
st
channel. When rotated past the lowest (1 )
channel, the radio will emit a beep and remain on
the lowest channel.
PROGRAMMABLE PUSH BUTTONS/
MICROPHONE FCN KEY MENU
When the radio is installed, labels are placed on the
front push buttons to indicate their functions. An arrow
on the display points to each front mounted push
button that is active. The five push buttons can be
programmed with the following functions:
DMH Owner’s Manual
15
Standard Functions
Optional Functions
MON
Monitor Squelch Noise
TA
Repeater Talk Around
GSC Group Scan
SCN
Channel Scan
CG
Channel Guard Disable
PA
Public Address
PRI
Priority Scan
HOM
Home Channel
SEC
Transmit Secure
GRP
Group Select
SPK
Remote Speaker
ACC Accessory 1
SQL
Squelch Adjust
NXT
Next Scan Channel
ACC Accessory 2
TXD
Transmit Digital Mode
LPW
Low Power Select
ACC Accessory 3
1. If a keypad microphone is used with the DMH
radio, many of the functions above may also be
enabled/disabled with the keypad [FCN] key. Not
all microphones support these functions. Contact
your dealer to determine which features are
available with your microphone and have been
enabled in the radio.
•
Press the [FCN] key to display the function
menu.
•
Press [PRI] to toggle the function on/off when
the desired menu item is displayed.
•
Repeatedly press [FCN] to step through the
menu.
•
When the display flashes, the function is
enabled.
•
Press [ENT] to exit the [FCN] menu.
MICROPHONE KEYPAD LOCK
To lock/unlock the microphone’s keypad, press and
hold the [FCN] key. When locked, “LOCKED” will be
displayed if a key is pressed and a low beep will
sound.
Priority Mode B with Scan
With Priority Scan and Channel Scan on, the radio
scans until it locks on to an active channel. The radio
continues to sample the priority channel while listening
to the active scan channel.
If activity occurs on the priority channel, the radio
overrides the active scan channel, changes to the
priority channel, and holds for the duration of the
transmission.
To reply to a message on the priority channel, turn the
Channel Selector knob to the priority channel, and then
transmit. Once activity has ceased on the priority
channel, the radio returns to scan operation.
Priority Mode C
With Priority Scan on and Channel Scan off, the radio
samples the fixed priority channel at the preset rate. If
activity occurs on the priority channel, the radio
switches to the priority channel and holds for the
duration of the transmission.
To reply to a message heard on the priority channel,
press the PTT switch. The radio transmits only on the
priority channel when Priority Scan is on. Once activity
has ceased on the priority channel, the radio returns to
the receive channel on the Channel Selector knob.
Priority Mode C with Scan
LOCKOUT EXCEPTIONS:
1. If enabled, a long [PRI] key press will activate
Emergency Mode even when the microphone’s
keypad is locked.
2. PTT unlocks the keypad during transmit for DTMF
key presses.
3. The keypad will be automatically unlocked when
Unit-To-Unit Mode is entered by pressing PTT to
respond to a Unit-To-Unit call, when Unit-To-Unit
callback is enabled. The keypad will be re-locked
when Unit-To-Unit Mode is exited.
16
To reply to a message on the priority channel, turn the
Channel Selector knob to the priority channel, and then
transmit.
BK Radio
With Priority Scan and Channel Scan on, the radio
scans until it locks on to an active channel. The radio
continues to sample the priority channel while listening
to the active channel. If activity occurs on the priority
channel, the radio overrides the active scan channel,
changes to the priority channel, and holds for the
duration of the transmission.
DMH Owner’s Manual
25
Dual Priority Scan is automatically disabled when
Group Scan is on.
PUSH BUTTON CONTROLS
MON
OLD-STYLE BK PRIORITY SCAN
The radio can be programmed with one of three Priority
Modes: A, B, or C. The table below shows how the
priority channels and the transmit channels are selected
in each mode.
Mode A
Mode B
Mode C
Priority Channel
Channel Knob
Preset
Preset
Transmit Channel
Channel Knob
Channel Knob
Priority Channel
Press the [MON] button to start or stop
monitoring squelch noise. This allows you to
set a comfortable volume level.
SCN
When Scan and Priority Mode A are enabled, scanning
occurs until an active scan channel is found. The radio
receives the message while continuing to check the
priority (knob-selected) channel. The display shows the
scan channel.
If the priority channel becomes active during this
message, the Priority indicator illuminates. The radio
changes to the priority channel and holds for the
duration of the message. The display shows the
priority channel.
PRI
GRP
BK Radio
Group Select
Press the [GRP] button to toggle between
Group Select and Channel Select Modes.
Press the [GRP] button for Group Select
Mode. Turn the Channel Selector knob to
select a group. Return to Channel Select
Mode by waiting 5 seconds, or by pressing the
[GRP] button one time (numeric mode) or two
times (alphanumeric mode). After selecting a
group in Alphanumeric Mode, press the [GRP]
button one time to display the Group Label,
and a second time to return to Channel Select
Mode.
Priority Mode B
24
Priority Scan
Press the [PRI] button to start or stop priority
scanning. The PR annunciator and the
flashing SCN annunciator appear on the
display. If changes to the Priority 1 channel
are allowed, to make the current channel the
fixed Priority 1 Channel, turn Scan and Priority
Scan off, then press the [PRI] button and hold
it down for 1 second or more.
To reply to a message on the priority channel, press
the PTT switch and transmit on the priority channel.
Once activity ceases on the priority channel, the radio
returns to scan operation.
With Priority Scan on and Channel Scan off, the radio
can receive on the knob-selected channel while
sampling the priority channel. If the priority channel
becomes active, the Priority indicator lights up
illuminates. The radio changes to the priority channel
and holds for the duration of the transmission
Channel Scan
Press the [SCN] button to start or stop
scanning channels in the scan list. The
flashing SCN annunciator will appear on the
display. Scan operation occurs only while the
radio is not transmitting. If changes to the
scan list are allowed, to add or delete the
current channel from the Scan List, turn Scan
and Priority Scan off, then press the [SCN]
button and hold it down for 1 second or more.
Priority Mode A With Scan
In Priority Mode A, the priority channel is set by the
Channel Selector knob. Priority Mode A is seldom
used by itself because the radio receives and transmits
only on the knob-selected channel.
Monitor Squelch Noise
SQL
Squelch Adjust
Press the [SQL] button to toggle between
Squelch Adjust and Volume Adjust Modes.
DMH Owner’s Manual
17
Press the [SQL] button for Squelch Adjust
Mode. Turn the Volume knob to adjust the
squelch setting. Turning the knob counterclockwise tightens the squelch setting,
allowing only stronger signals to open the
squelch and be heard. In the absence of a
held channel, the receiver will be tuned to the
main channel. Guard qualification will be
disabled during squelch adjustment.
Return to Volume Adjust Mode by waiting 5
seconds, or by pressing the [SQL] button
again.
Pressing the [SQL] button and holding for
more than 1 second sets the squelch to its
factory preset value.
TA
Repeater Talk Around
Press the [TA] button to turn Repeater Talk
Around on or off. When TA is on, the radio
transmits on the receive frequency of the
selected channel, bypassing or “talking
around” the repeater. This function may be
used on any channel that is programmed to a
frequency pair (repeater channel).
CG
Channel Guard Disable
When Priority Scan is on, the PR annunciator
illuminates,
and
the
display
flashes
SCN
(alphanumeric mode) or two flashing bars (numeric
mode). If a message is received on a priority channel,
the Priority indicator illuminates, and the radio receiver
locks onto that channel for the duration of the
transmission, unless a higher priority channel
interrupts.
Priority Scan can be used in combination with Channel
Guard with:
•
Priority Scan on (arrow appears above PRI button)
•
Channel Guard Disable off (no arrow above CG
button)
•
The Priority Channel(s) programmed with Channel
Guard
If a message is received on a priority channel, the
radio receiver locks on to the priority channel and
checks to see if the proper Channel Guard value is
present. If the signal contains the proper Channel
Guard value, the radio receives the message.
Otherwise, the radio will re-check the channel every 4
seconds, until the activity on the channel ceases.
DUAL PRIORITY SCAN
Press the [CG] button to disable or enable
Channel Guard operation.
On analog
channels, the radio reverts to carrier squelch.
On digital channels, the radio will unmute
when a digital signal with any NAC is
detected. An arrow on the display points to the
CG button when Channel Guard is disabled.
When Channel Guard is enabled, a message
is heard only when the proper Channel Guard
is received. Transmit Channel Guard
generation is unaffected. The CG button may
also be used to override Busy Channel
Lockout, if Busy Channel Override is installed.
In each group, up to two of the 16 channels can be
designated as priority channels. These two, PR1 and
PR2, are periodically tested for activity, even if a
different transmission is being listened to. Activity on
PR2 preempts activity on any of the non-priority
channels. Receptions on PR1 have priority over any
other channel in the group, including PR2.
Either priority channel can be programmed as a fixed
channel, tied to the Channel Selector knob, or
programmed OFF. If the radio is programmed to
transmit on the first priority channel, transmissions will
occur on PR1 if PR1 isn’t programmed OFF, when
operating in Dual Priority Scan Mode.
st
If PR1 is a fixed channel, and changes to the 1
priority channel are allowed, the user can move the
channel selector to a new channel and press and hold
the [PRI] button for more than 1 second to choose a
new PR1 channel.
18
BK Radio
DMH Owner’s Manual
23
HOM
CHANGE THE SCAN LIST
Press the [HOM] button to go to the preprogrammed Home Channel.
The radio can be programmed to enable the user to
add or remove channels from the scan list. If user
changes are enabled, follow these steps to change the
scan list:
To set a different Home Channel, select the
desired channel using the Channel Selector
knob, press the [HOM] button, and hold it for
more than 1 second until the arrow above the
HOM button appears on the display. The new
channel then becomes the Home Channel.
1. Turn Scan and Priority Scan off.
2. Select a channel to be added or removed from the
scan list by turning the Channel Selector knob. If
the channel is already on the scan list, SCN
appears in the display.
SPK
NXT
Channels on each "Channel Scan List" in groups on
the "Group Scan List" are scanned sequentially. The
selected group is always scanned when Group Scan is
enabled, even if that group is not on the Group Scan
List.
Priority Scan
•
Dual Priority Scan
•
User-Selected Channel Guard
•
Nuisance Channel Delete
LPW
GSC
Group Scan
Press the [GSC] button to enable or disable
Group Scan operation. During Group Scan
operation, the following features are disabled:
Priority Scan, User Channel Guard, and
Nuisance Channel Delete.
Priority Scan enables the radio to receive on any
channel while monitoring for a message on the
designated priority channel(s). The radio samples each
priority channel at a preset rate (.25-2.0 seconds)
regardless of activity on any other channel. Priority
Scan operates only while the radio is not transmitting
and can be used in combination with scan operation.
BK Radio
Low Power Select
Press the [LPW] button to toggle between
high power and low power transmitter
operation. Transmitter power settings can be
programmed from 15 to 50 watts. If perchannel power is enabled, channels locked to
low power will always transmit in low power
mode regardless of the state of the LPW
button.
PRIORITY SCAN
22
Next Scan Channel
Press the [NXT] button to select the next
consecutive channel in the Scan List (not
during scan operation).
When Group Scan is enabled, the following features
are disabled:
•
Remote Speaker
Press the [SPK] button to toggle between the
built-in radio speaker and a remotely mounted
speaker.
3. Press and hold the [SCN] button for more than 1
second to toggle the channel on or off the scan list.
GROUP SCAN
Home Channel
Turn Group Scan off, then press the [GSC]
button for 1 second or more to toggle the
current group on or off the Group Scan List.
DMH Owner’s Manual
19
PA
Public Address
Press the [PA] button to turn the Public
Address system on or off. When PA is on,
pressing the microphone PTT switch causes
audio to be routed to the audio amplifier
without enabling the transmitter.
ACC
Accessory
Press the [ACC] button to turn the installed
accessory on or off. Up to three ACC buttons
may be installed for different accessories.
SCAN OPERATION
RECEIVE
Scan operates only while the radio is not transmitting.
The radio checks for signals on channels in the preset
scan list, as well as the channel selected by the
Channel Selector knob.
When a signal is detected, scanning stops and the
message is received. The received channel is shown
in place of the transmit channel.
Once the signal ends, the radio continues to monitor
the channel for the preset scan delay time before it
resumes scanning.
When a signal is detected, scanning stops while the
radio checks for the proper Channel Guard value. If the
signal contains the proper Channel Guard value, the
radio receives the message. Otherwise, the radio
resumes scanning immediately.
NUISANCE CHANNEL DELETE
With Channel Scan on and Nuisance Channel Delete
enabled, pressing and holding the [SCN] button for
more than 1 second will temporarily remove a currently
active channel from the Scan List. If the radio is
equipped with a keypad microphone, pressing the
[CLR] key while Scan is on will accomplish the same
thing. Not all microphones support these functions.
Contact your dealer to determine which features are
available with your microphone and have been
enabled in the radio. When the radio is powered off
and back on, the pre-programmed Scan List will be
restored.
TRANSMIT WITH SCAN ON
When operating in Scan mode, the radio transmits on
the channel selected by the Channel Selector knob.
1. Select a transmit channel by turning the Channel
Selector knob.
BASIC SCAN
1. Press the SCN button to enable Scan (an arrow
will appear above the button).
2. If Priority Scan is enabled, press the PRI button to
turn it off.
The display indicates Scan operation by flashing the
SCN annunciator (alphanumeric mode) or by two
flashing bars (numeric mode).
SCAN CHANNEL GUARD CHANNELS
1. Press the SCN button to enable Scan (an arrow
will appear above the button).
20
2. If the CG button has an arrow over it, press the CG
button once to turn Channel Guard Disable off.
BK Radio
2. Press and hold the PTT switch and talk in a normal
voice. When the PTT switch is released, the radio
continues to monitor the selected channel for the
preset scan delay time before it resumes scanning.
TALKBACK SCAN
If your radio is programmed for Talkback Scan, press
PTT while a channel is active or while scan delay time
remains. You will be responding on the transmit
frequency of the received channel.
Talkback Scan will not work if Priority Scan is also on
and your radio is programmed to always transmit on
the Priority 1 channel.
DMH Owner’s Manual
21
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