Microcom | 400 | Operator`s manual | Microcom 400 Operator`s manual

MICROCOM CORPORATION
MODEL 400
DIRECT THERMAL PRINTER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
Part Number 880014-0220
March 1999
Software Version 2.2
Operator's Manual
400 Direct Thermal Printer
- Revised March 23, 1999 MSG -
HP and LaserJet II are trademarks of Hewlett-Packard Company.
FastFont is a trademark of Page Technology Marketing, Inc.
Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation
Other products, names, and brands are trademarks of their respective holders.
FastFont Typefaces are Copyright © 1993, Page Technology Marketing, Inc.
This manual is subject to change without notice.
Copyright © 1994-1999 Microcom Corporation, Westerville, Ohio - All rights reserved.
Printed in the United States of America
Table of Contents
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
List of Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
CHAPTER 1: FEATURES AND SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.1
SPECIAL FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.2
BAR CODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.3
FONTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.4
PRINTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.5
INTERFACE COMMUNICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.6
PHYSICAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.7
ENVIRONMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.8
ELECTRICAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.9
OPTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.10 PRINTER VARIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.11 APPROVALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
CHAPTER 2: BASIC OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.1
UNPACKING THE 400 PRINTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.2
INSTALLING LABEL SUPPLY RACKS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.3
INSTALLING OPTIONAL SUPPLY COVER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.4
INITIAL POWER UP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.5
FRONT PANEL SWITCH AND STATUS LIGHTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.5.1 NORMAL MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.5.2 BATCH MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.5.3 STATUS LABEL MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.5.4 PAPER-OUT MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.6
THE STATUS LIGHT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.7
LOADING PAPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.7.1 NORMAL AND TAG/TEAR MODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.7.2 PEEL-AND-DISPENSE MODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.8
CLEARING LABEL MISFEEDS: DIAPHRAGM REMOVAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.9
CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
CHAPTER 3: COMMUNICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.1
CABLE PINOUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.2
PRINTER CABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
CHAPTER 4: DESIGNING LABELS USING LDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.1
CONTROL CHARACTERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.2
GETTING STARTED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.2.1 PC CONNECTION (SERIAL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.2.2 PC CONNECTION (PARALLEL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.2.3 LEARNING LDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.3
FORMATTING LABELS: AN OVERVIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
4.4
LABEL HEADER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
400 Operators Manual
Table of Contents
4.5
4.4.1 A SAMPLE SESSION (HEADER) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
LABEL FIELDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
4.5.1 BIT MAPPED TEXT AND BAR CODE FIELDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
4.5.2 DOWNLOADABLE FONT/GRAPHIC IMAGE FIELDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
4.5.3 LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
4.5.4 A SAMPLE SESSION (FIELDS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
CHAPTER 5: PRINTER COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
5.1
SPECIAL PRINTER CONTROL CODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
5.2
PRINTER ENQUIRIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
5.3
SENDING ^D PRINTER COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
5.3.1 SOFTWARE DIP SWITCHES AND EEPROM COMMANDS . . . . . . . . 40
5.3.2 PRINTING COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
5.3.3 AUTO-SIZING and VALID GAP COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
5.3.4 REAL-TIME CLOCK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
5.3.5 SERIAL NUMBER COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
5.3.6 SAVING FORMAT COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
5.3.7 LABEL PRESENCE SENSOR CONTROL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
5.3.8 TEXT STRINGS COMMANDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
CHAPTER 6: DOWNLOADABLE GRAPHIC IMAGES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
6.1
PROCEDURE FOR USING PCX2400 SOFTWARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
6.2
FORMAT OF GRAPHICS FILES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
6.2.1 FONT/GRAPHIC STRUCTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
6.3
DOWNLOADABLE GRAPHICS COMMAND SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
CHAPTER 7: BAR CODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
7.1
TYPES OF BAR CODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
7.2
DESIGNING WITH BAR CODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
7.2.1 BAR CODE HUMAN READABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
CHAPTER 8: SPECIAL EFFECTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
8.1
REVERSED PRINT (WHITE TEXT OVER BLACK) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
CHAPTER 9: DOWNLOADABLE FONTS/GRAPHICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
CHAPTER 10: OPTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
10.1 MICROCOM GRAPHICS CONVERSION UTILITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
10.2 MICROCOM DOWNLOADABLE FONT UTILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
10.3 WYSIWYG SOFTWARE PACKAGES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
10.4 WINDOWS DRIVER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
10.5 CLEANING KIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
APPENDIX A: WARRANTY AND REPAIR PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
APPENDIX B: LABEL SAMPLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
APPENDIX C: SAMPLE BASIC PROGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
APPENDIX D: QUICK REFERENCE COMMAND SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
400 Operators Manual
Table of Contents
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Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
400 Operators Manual
400 Operators Manual
List of Tables
Status Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Serial Port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Parallel Port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Print Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Bitmapped Font Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Bar Code Symbologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Character Starting Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Enquiry Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Clock Field Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
UPC Zero Reduction Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Code 128 Special Function Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
UCC/EAN Application Identifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
List of Figures
Front View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Rear View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Printer Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Supply Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Status Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Printer Feed Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Microcom Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Label Header Parameters of a 4" X 3" Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Bar code Rotations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
UPC-A BAR CODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Bar code Human Readables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Reverse Imaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
400 Operators Manual
400 Operators Manual
Introduction
The Microcom 400 is a Direct Thermal label printer with a high resolution (832 dots or 8
dots/mm), 4.09 inch wide print head. The economic size and price have no effect on the
printer's ability to handle a wide variety of labeling tasks - even the most demanding
applications.
The resident Label Design Software (LDS) is a powerful and easy-to-use package that allows
you to create personalized label formats. It can be driven from a PC, mini-computer,
mainframe, and other special purpose devices.
Among many other features, LDS supports downloadable graphics and fonts, multiple serial
numbering, and flexible character spacing. It offers virtually unlimited text font sizes and all
popular bar code symbologies. Graphic images can be printed or optionally stored in the
printer's memory for future use. Bitmapped Fonts, bar codes, and graphic images can be
multiplied in size and printed in 0,90,180,270 degree rotations. Once the labels are designed,
they can be stored in the 400's memory for high speed printer access.
The 400 is capable of printing on most types of label stock or fax paper. It offers operation in a
tag/tear, peel-and-dispense, batch, and user-defined advance mode. It can handle blow-hole,
black-line, label gap, and continuous stock.
Many printer applications use the same label format, but change the data on every label. This
is not a problem for the Microcom 400 printer. Data may be changed without down-loading the
same fixed format, or fixed data fields, time after time. This, along with a greatly increased
through-put, increases data access time and productivity.
Microcom Corporation also offers Windows™ drivers and WYSIWYG (What You See Is What
You Get) software packages which allow quick and easy on-screen label designing, along with
database capabilities.
400 Operators Manual
2
400 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 1: FEATURES AND SPECIFICATIONS
The Microcom 400 Direct Thermal printer is designed with many standard features that are
unique when compared to other printers. The 400 is built to meet the demands of complicated
applications and rigorous use. A guarantee of excellence in engineering is provided by fulfilling
the requirements for approval by UL, CSA and the FCC.
1.1
SPECIAL FEATURES
!
Direct Thermal tag/ticket feed operation
!
Resolution of 8 dots/mm (.0049" per dot) and a print width of 832 dots (4.09")
!
WYSIWYG software compatible
!
Print speed up to 3.0 inches per second
!
Media supply racks for roll sizes up to 5 inches OD (8 inches optional)
!
Prints on die-cut, continuous, fax, or preprinted labels up to 6.0 mil thick
!
Software-controlled contrast adjustment
!
Standard memory of 256Kbytes ROM and 128Kbytes SRAM
!
Optional Internal date and time keeping
!
Easy to load label path to prevent label jams or misfeeds
!
Detects label gap, black line, or blow-hole stock
!
Internal statistical counter for inches and labels printed
!
Downloadable Fonts and Graphics capability
!
Incrementing and decrementing fields
!
Machine state enquiries for security and maintenance
1.2
BAR CODES
!
Code 39, Interleaved 2 of 5, CODABAR, Code 128, UCC/EAN-128, Code 93, Plessey,
Modified Plessey, UPC-A, UPC-E, EAN-8, EAN-13, Postnet and selectable ratios for
producing HIBC, AIAG, and Logmars
!
Bar codes may be printed in 0, 90, 180, and 270 degree rotations
400 Operators Manual
3
Features and Specifications
Chapter 1
1.3
FONTS
!
Converted HP LaserJet II™ font compatibility and 8 resident bit mapped fonts, including
OCR-A and OCR-B.
!
All Bit Mapped fonts expandable in height and width
!
Bit Mapped fonts and bar codes in 0, 90, 180, and 270 degree rotations
1.4
PRINTING
!
Optional peel function with label taken sensor and release lever
!
Tag/tear mode advances label to the tear bar
!
Batch mode printing
!
User defined label advancement for special stock or application
!
Label back-up in tag/tear and peel modes
1.5
INTERFACE COMMUNICATIONS
!
Serial: RS-232C, 9-pin female D-Sub connector (DCE) and 2Kbytes buffer
-Flow control: XON/XOFF, CTS/RTS
-Baud rate: 110 to 19200, user-selectable
-Parity: odd, even or none
-Data bits: 7 or 8
!
Parallel (optional): 25-pin female
1.6
PHYSICAL
!
Rigid painted steel construction
!
Height: 5" (127mm)
!
Width: 8.5" (216mm)
!
Depth: 10.5" (267mm)
!
Weight: 12 LBS (5.44 Kg)
1.7
ENVIRONMENT
!
Temperature: 0" C to 40" C operating
!
Humidity: 10-90% non-condensing
4
400 Operators Manual
Chapter 1
1.8
ELECTRICAL
!
Voltage: 117 VAC nom.,60Hz
!
Current: 3 AMPS maximum
1.9
OPTIONS
!
Label supply covers
!
Assorted printer cables
!
8 inch OD media supply racks
!
Real-time clock with battery back-up
!
On-screen label design PC software packages
!
PCX to printer graphics conversion PC software
!
On-demand label support rack
!
Windows® 95/98 driver
Features and Specifications
1.10 PRINTER VARIATIONS
!
230V European power supply
!
Peel and dispense pinch roller with label taken sensor and release lever
!
Parallel interface
1.11 APPROVALS
!
UL, CSA, CE, Complies with FCC, Class A
400 Operators Manual
5
Features and Specifications
Chapter 1
LABEL SUPPORT RACKS
LABEL SUPPLY SHAFT
PUSH TO LIFT HEAD LEVER
PEEL EDGE
TOP COVER
DRIVE ROLLER
PINCH ROLLER
POWER CORD
PINCH ROLLER RELEASE LEVER (OPTIONAL)
FRONT PANEL LED
FRONT PANEL
LABEL FEED AND LINE FEED BUTTON
Microcom 400 Printer
Front View
Figure 1
LINE GUIDE ADJUSTMENT KNOB
THUMB NUTS
LABEL DIAPHRAGMS
POWER SWITCH
SERIAL PORT
LINE GUIDE IDLER
POWER CORD
LINE GUIDE SHAFT
PAPER LINE GUIDES
REAR PANEL
Microcom 400 Printer
Rear View
Figure 2
6
400 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 2: BASIC OPERATION
2.1
UNPACKING THE 400 PRINTER
While unpacking the printer, please check all packing materials closely to avoid misplacing any
necessary parts. After the printer is removed from the box, verify that all parts are present and
in good condition (see Figure 3). All packaging material should be kept and used if the printer
is to be shipped.
Printer Parts
Figure 3
2.2
INSTALLING LABEL SUPPLY RACKS
To install the supply racks, simply place the printer on its face so that the rear panel is facing
up. Locate and remove the lower two screws and mount the lower side of the left and right
racks. Once the lower sides are secured, mount the upper sides in the same manner.
2.3
INSTALLING OPTIONAL SUPPLY COVER
Supply Cover
Figure 4
400 Operators Manual
7
Basic Operation
2.4
Chapter 2
INITIAL POWER UP
Before connecting the printer to a power source, verify that the voltage printed on the rear
panel correctly matches the supply.
Plug the printer in and turn the power switch on. The front panel LED should turn green. If this
does not occur, check the power source and if necessary call your service organization.
2.5
FRONT PANEL SWITCH AND STATUS LIGHTS
The front panel switch performs several different functions depending on the printer mode:
2.5.1 NORMAL MODE
The front panel switch (see figure 1) acts as both a paper feed button and a label request
button. If the button is pressed and then released within a half second, the unit will print a label
using the current label format. If the button is held for more than the half second, the unit will
start to feed paper until the button is released.
2.5.2 BATCH MODE
If the printer is in the process of printing a predetermined quantity of labels (see ^D73, section
5.3), pressing the button after the printer has started to print these labels will cause the unit to
pause. Pressing the button again will allow the printer to continue the batch.
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Chapter 2
Basic Operation
2.5.3 STATUS LABEL MODE
When status label mode is accessed, the printer creates a status label and temporarily
defaults all serial communication settings.
To print a status label, hold the button while turning on the printer until the status light turns
orange. Release the button and a test pattern with statistical information will be printed (see
figure 5). When a status label is created, the communication settings will be temporarily set to
9600 baud rate, no parity, 8 data bits, and 1 stop bit. The printer will return to the old settings,
if different, after power down or a soft reset.
The printed labels and total labels represent the number of labels printed to date. The printed
labels and printed inches fields are user resetable while the total labels and total inches are
not. Printed inches and printed labels are reset using the ^D29 command (see section 5.3).
Other useful information on the power-up label is the unit serial number, the non-resetable
power-on hours, the previous serial parameters (not the default parameters caused by
executing creating a status label), and the revision number of the Label Design Software
(LDS).
The switch bank settings reflect the contents of the four software dip switches that configure
the operation of the printer. See section 5.3, specifically ^D21, ^D22, ^D23 and ^D24, for more
information on software dip switch settings.
PRINTER SERIAL #: 0-123456
PRINTED LABELS: 8432
TOTAL LABELS: 8498
PRINTED INCHES: 25296
TOTAL INCHES: 25494
POWER ON HOURS: 897
SWITCH BANK 1: 10001011
SWITCH BANK 2: 01010001
SWITCH BANK 3: 00000000
SWITCH BANK 4: 00000000
SERIAL PARAMETERS: 9600-N-8-1
EXTRA RAM: YES
400 REV 2.2 070163-0220
Status Label
Figure 5
400 Operators Manual
9
Basic Operation
Chapter 2
2.5.4 PAPER-OUT MODE
After a paper-out condition, the front panel switch serves to load and realign the new label
stock. When a paper out condition occurs, the indicator light will turn red. Pressing the button
and holding it will cause the status light to go from red to yellow and feed paper. The status
light will then flash yellow until the button is pressed for a label request. It will then turn yellow
and the printer will print a duplicate of the last label printed and return to the blinking mode.
This feature was designed to facilitate batches with serial numbers or other variable data. This
process can be repeated as often as necessary to allow the paper to align itself. To return to
the pre-paper out condition, tap the button while the duplicate label is being printed. The status
light will turn green and normal printing may resume.
2.6
THE STATUS LIGHT
The status light has different functions depending upon the mode of the printer. Table 1 shows
the relationship between the status light and the different modes.
Status Light
Color
Mode
Meaning
Green
All
On-Line and ready to print
Red
All
Printer error:
Caused by a paper-out condition or a hardware failure. If
paper is out, follow instructions in section 2.3, otherwise
turn printer off and back on. If condition persists, contact
your service representative.
Flashing
Red
All
Spike or low voltage on the AC line. The unit will remain in
this mode until the condition is removed and the printer is
powered off.
Yellow
Tag/tear, Peel
Flashing
Yellow
All
Printer is paused or in standby mode and is waiting for the
front panel button to be pressed. If the paper was just
changed and the reprinted label look good, press the
button during the next print cycle to clear the repeat
function and flashing yellow light.
Flashing
Yellow and
Red
All
A serial port buffer over flow has occurred. Check the host
flow control for problems. (Note: the serial buffer will only
accept 9 characters after the printer drops the clear to
send signal or optionally sends the XOFF character.)
Label present. Label is ready to be removed from the
printer mouth
Table 1
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400 Operators Manual
Chapter 2
2.7
Basic Operation
LOADING PAPER
Part of the 400's versatility is in the different ways it processes labels. The following two
sections explain the dispensing modes. Refer to figures 1, 2 and 6 for the printer components.
Printer Feed Mechanism
Figure 6
2.7.1 NORMAL AND TAG/TEAR MODES
Unwind about two feet of stock from the paper supply roll of paper. Set the roll behind the
printer on the table. Remove the label supply shaft. Insert the paper with the thermally
sensitive side up, under the rear threaded paper guide shaft, and into the printer until the
paper stops. Turn the paper guide adjust knob at the rear of the printer until the paper guides
are slightly wider than the label stock. Continue to apply pressure on the paper with your left
hand. Press and hold the front panel button with your pointing finger until the paper has
advanced to a point past the printhead. To align the paper, press down on the head lift lever
and move the paper until the desired alignment is reached. Replace the label supply roll shaft
and stock onto the wire rack. You are ready to print.
2.7.2
1.
2.
3.
4.
PEEL-AND-DISPENSE MODE (optional)
Follow the paper loading in the normal and tag mode directions.
Remove enough labels to expose about two feet of backing paper.
Insert the stock into the printer and allow about three inches to protrude out of
the front.
Make sure the leading edge of the backing paper is square and straight. (Tear
at perforation or cut if necessary)
400 Operators Manual
11
Basic Operation
5.
6.
7.
8.
Chapter 2
Pull and hold the pinch roller release lever and insert the leading edge of the
backing paper between the black drive roller and the white pinch roller, making
sure it is positioned evenly between the rollers.
Firmly push the head lift lever and press the feed button until most of the slack
is taken out, then release the lift lever.
Continue feeding paper until labels are reached. To avoid a paper jam, remove
the labels as they start to peel.
Enable the peel-and-dispense mode using the ^A1^D985 command described
in this manual.
*If the label height is over 2", the Microcom Label support rack should be used.
(P/N 040010). This rack will support the peeled label until it is removed.
2.8
CLEARING LABEL MISFEEDS: DIAPHRAGM REMOVAL
The purpose of the label diaphragm is to provide a smooth path for labels through the printer
and provide an easy means of removing label misfeeds. If a label misfeed occurs, remove the
supply roll shaft at rear of printer. Remove the four black thumb nuts which hold the diaphragm
sheets in place. Gently slip the sheets off the threaded studs. Once the sheets are removed
clean all foreign matter and any adhesive gum using the Microcom cleaning solution. To
replace the sheets repeat this process in reverse.
2.9
CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS
The Microcom 400 printer and printhead should be cleaned approximately every 5,000 labels
or every two weeks whichever occurs first. The printer should also be cleaned whenever you
run out of label stock. A Microcom cleaning kit (part #040005) should be used for cleaning and
maintaining a Microcom printer product. It is important to note that the optimum printhead life is
achieved by maintaining a clean printer and printhead.
To clean your Microcom 400 printer:
1)
Turn the printer off.
2)
Lift the printhead using the "PUSH TO LIFT HEAD" lever and remove any label stock
that remains inside the head mechanism.
3)
Using the cleaning brush, sweep away all small label and adhesive particles that may
be in the area of the printhead.
4)
Moisten a cleaning swab with the cleaning solution and wipe away any adhesive from
the rollers or the aluminum peel bar.
5)
Dampen a swab with cleaning solution and lift the print head by pushing the lever in the
direction of the arrows. Take the moistened swab and gently wipe the underside of the
printhead. Repeat if necessary (if swab is extremely dirty).
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400 Operators Manual
Chapter 2
Basic Operation
6)
Moisten the felt side of a cleaning card with the cleaning solution. Insert card with felt
side facing up into the rear of the printer as you would insert label stock. Hold down on
the print button to feed the card through the printer (see section 2.3). Do not lift the
print head for this operation. Allow the printhead to ride on the cleaning card. Repeat
the process if needed. The cleaning card may be used once at each end.
7)
Remove the label diaphragm (see section 2.4).
WARNING: DO NOT TOUCH THE PRINTHEAD WITH ANY METAL OR SHARP OBJECTS
400 Operators Manual
13
Basic Operation
14
Chapter 2
400 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 3: COMMUNICATIONS
The model 400 can be interfaced to PC's, mini-computers, main frames, and other special
purpose machines. It is capable of serial RS-232 or optional parallel communication. The
following sections explain the communication interfaces.
Out of the box, unless otherwise requested, the Microcom 400 communicates using serial RS232 at 9600 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit and no parity with both hardware and software
handshaking. This configuration may be changed as shown in Appendix E.
3.1
CABLE PINOUT
Table 2 shows the signals of the 400's 9-pin RS-232 serial port. Out of the box, unless
otherwise requested, the Microcom 400 communicates serially at 9600 baud, 8 data bits, 1
stop bit and no parity with both hardware and software handshaking. This configuration may
be changed through software commands as explained in the programming section of this
manual. Table 3 shows the optional parallel port configuration.
If XON/XOFF hand shaking is used, the only signals the 400 requires are RXD, TXD, and
GND. If hardware CTS/RTS hand shaking is used, a RTS signal is provided. XON/XOFF may
be disabled through the software dip switch #1 (see chapter 5). The other signals are offered
in the event the host computer requires them.
Serial Port Configuration
25 TO 9 PIN
State
HI
X
X
HI
LO
HI
DC
X
DC
9 TO 9 PIN
400
Direction
PC
1 DCD --->---- DCD 8
2 TXD --->---- RXD 3
3 RXD ---<---- TXD 2
4 DSR ---<---- DTR 20
5 GND --<->--- GND 7
6 DTR --->---- DSR 6
7 CTS ---<---- RTS 4
8 RTS --->---- CTS 5
9 ----NOT USED---DE-9
DB-25
State
HI
X
X
HI
LO
HI
DC
X
400
Direction
PC
1 DCD --->---- DCD 1
2 TXD --->---- RXD 2
3 RXD ---<---- TXD 3
4 DSR ---<---- DTR 4
5 GND --<->--- GND 5
6 DTR --->---- DSR 6
7 CTS ---<---- RTS 7
8 RTS --->---- CTS 8
9 ----NOT USED---- 9
DE-9
DE-9
DC = Do Not Care
X = Indeterminate
DC = Do Not Care
X = Indeterminate
Table 2
400 Operators Manual
15
Communications
Chapter 3
Parallel Port Configuration
1 = /STROBE
2 = D0
3 = D1
4 = D2
5 = D3
6 = D4
7 = D5
8 = D6
9 = D7
10 = /ACK
11 = BUSY
12 = PAPER OUT
13 = SLCT
14 = NC
15 = /ERROR
16 = /INIT
17 = NC
18-25 = GROUND
(25 PIN FEMALE)
Table 3
3.2
PRINTER CABLES
Warning: Connection of a serial 400 to a parallel port may result in damage to the printer
and/or computer. Connection of a 400 with a parallel board to a serial port may result in
damage to the printer and/or computer.
The printer cables needed for the 400 printer are standard and available through Microcom
Corporation. You will not need a NULL-modem cable because the printer is DCE equipment.
For parallel connection, use a straight 25 pin male to 25 pin male cable, connected from the
desired parallel port of the host computer to the 25 pin connector on the optional 400 parallel
board.
For serial connection, (standard on the 400) if your host computer has a...
25 pin serial com port - Use a standard 25 pin male to 9 pin male serial cable.
9 pin serial com port - Use a 9 pin female to 9 pin male extension cable.
Note: NULL modem cable adapters are not necessary since the printer is DCE equipment.
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400 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 4: DESIGNING LABELS USING LDS
Label Design Software (LDS) refers to the software resident in the printer used to decipher
label formats sent by the host computer. All fonts, character sets and bar code symbologies
are resident in the printer.
A label format is produced by a series of 5 steps:
1: Control commands to define printer operation
2: A header to define label height, width, print speed, etc..
3: Field data to define placement of text, bar code, graphic or line
4: Actual text data to place in the above text or bar code fields
5: Control commands to initiate printing
4.1
CONTROL CHARACTERS
Throughout this manual there are references to control characters. In order to print them in this
manual, they have been written using standard characters and icons. Escape characters are
represented by <ESC> and a carriage return is represented by the 5 symbol. It is important to
note that all printer functions, unless otherwise noted, must be followed with a carriage
return5.
4.2
GETTING STARTED
There are many different machines that can send information to the 400 printer. However, if
you are using the printer for the first time, the easiest way to start is with a PC and a terminal
emulation software program. This will allow two-way, serial communication with the printer. You
will be able to quickly upload files and access label-sizing and other features that will help
considerably in formatting your first labels.
4.2.1 PC CONNECTION (SERIAL)
Items required:
A computer with at least one unused serial communications port. (COM1,COM2...)
A serial interface cable. (See section 3.2 for cable information)
A terminal emulation program.
Note: This communications test assumes that you have a standard serial 400 printer.
Set the communication parameters in the PC terminal software program to 9600 baud, no
parity, 8 data bits and 1 stop bit. Unless modified by the user, this is the printers'
communication configuration out of the box. Depress ^C (ASCII or control code) on the PC
keyboard. If the printer prints a label, proper PC to printer communications have been
confirmed. Depress ^E to verify printer to PC communication. You will receive a text response
from the printer.
If a terminal program is not available, it is possible to send files to the printer using the DOS
COPY command. To do this you must first create a text file containing the information to be
sent (i.e. ^C ). You may use any text editor that does not add its own formatting characters.
Use the following DOS command to set up the appropriate PC port.
400 Operators Manual
17
Designing Labels Using LDS
Chapter 4
Note: COM1 may be any available communications port on your PC.
C:>MODE COM1:9600,N,8,1,P
You must then send the file to the printer using the following DOS command.
C:>COPY FILENAME COM1
4.2.2 PC CONNECTION (PARALLEL)
Items required:
A computer with at least one unused parallel communications port. (LPT1,LPT2...)
A parallel interface cable. (See section 3.2 for cable information)
Create a text file containing the information to be sent. (^C is the print command.)
^C
You may use any text editor that does not add its own formatting characters. Send the file to
the printer using the following DOS command. Note: LPT1 may be any available printer port on
your PC.
C:>COPY FILENAME LPT1
4.2.3 LEARNING LDS
You can test some of the control code functions (see section 5.1) directly through the
keyboard. Large label files, such as some of those illustrated in Appendix B, may be entered in
a straight ASCII text word editor and then up-loaded to the printer using a terminal emulation
program or the DOS copy command. (To use the DOS copy command, first use the DOS
mode instruction to configure the PC. For example, MODE COM1:9600,N,8,1,P).
There are some special features offered by the 400 printer that will aid in label design. For
example, the auto-size command (^A2^D395) will provide most of the header format
information needed to define the different properties of label stock. The state of the machine is
accessed through the enquiry command (^D55 or ^E). The statistical printer information is
made available through the ^A0^D295 command.
The following sections of this chapter are designed to give an overview of a label format,
define the label header, and list the different types of field information available. Chapter 5
explains the special functions of the control codes. Once some understanding of these basic
concepts are achieved, use the quick reference guide in Appendix D for expedient command
descriptions.
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400 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
4.3
Designing Labels Using LDS
FORMATTING LABELS: AN OVERVIEW
A label format consists of a header record and field records, followed by the text data to be
printed. The records describe how the label is to be printed. The header contains information
about the label itself such as label height, width, print speed, etc. The field records refer to the
data section and contain information about positioning coordinates, the type of character
generators or bar codes to use, etc.. There can be up to 200 fields in each label format.
Below is a sample label format. We will refer to this format as we break down the components
of its structure.
(See Figure 7)
^D575
5,812,1218,,20,35
1,190,1068,8,1,6,,,2,25
2,139,900,11,1,6,,,2,25
3,117,760,26,1,65
4,265,560,11,1,65
4,123,50,11,16,3,,,3,4065
^D565
^D25
Microcom5
Corporation5
Thermal Printing Solutions5
012345678905
^D35
A label format is coming
Header information
Field #1 information
Field #2 information
Field #3 information
Field #4 information
Field #5
Select RAM Format
Text Data is Coming
Text String #1
Text String #2
Text String #3
Print Label 1
The sequence ^D575 puts the printer in format entry mode.
The next line is the header information: sizing the label (812 dots wide 1218 dots high).
The next five lines are layout information for each data field in the format.
The sequence ^D565 selects the user layout.
The sequence ^D25 tells the printer to start accepting data for each defined field. (Field #1 defines
where Data #1 should be positioned.) (Note: The label prints from bottom to top.)
The next three lines are data for each field.
Text string #4 is accessed twice. The format will print '01234567890' and then the bar code
equivalent.
The sequence ^D35 starts the print cycle. (Default is one copy. See section 5.3.2)
400 Operators Manual
19
Designing Labels Using LDS
Chapter 4
Microcom Label
Figure 7
20
400 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
4.4
Designing Labels Using LDS
LABEL HEADER
The header consist of eleven parameters. These parameters contain information about the label.
It is not necessary to enter information for all of the parameters: If a parameter is left blank, then
the default value will be used. A carriage return must follow the label header parameters.
The value of measurement for many of the header elements is the dot. There are 203 dots per
inch on a 400 print head (8 dots/mm). There is a maximum 832 dots in the X direction (width). The
Y direction (length) is virtually unlimited.
Most header parameters can be supplied using the auto-size command. (See section 5.3.3.)
Below is a list of the header element mnemonics and default values:
HFM, LSX, LSY, WEB, GAP, DPS, LCB, AGD, SPG, OFX, OFY
0, 832, 614, 13, 24, 35,
0,
1, 479,
0,
0
FEED DIRECTION
4" OR 800 DOTS LSX
.0625" OR 12 DOTS
THIS IS THE WEB VALUE
MICROCOM
3" OR 600 DOTS LSY
X BEGINNING
Y BEGINNING
.125" OR 25 DOTS
THIS IS THE GAP VALUE
THIS IS 0,0
Label Header Parameters of a 4" X 3" Label
Figure 8
400 Operators Manual
21
Designing Labels Using LDS
Chapter 4
Refer to Figure 8 for a visual representation of most header parameters.
The following is a description of each header element:
HFM
NUMBER OF FIELDS IN LAYOUT
This parameter is used to specify the number of fields in the layout. If more fields are
defined than what is specified for HFM, the extras will be ignored. To prevent errors, do
not set the HFM parameter to a number higher than the number of fields defined.
LSX
LABEL SIZE X DIRECTION
Specifies the width of the label in dots. For example: A 3" wide label would have an LSX
of 3 x 203 = 609 dots. (203 dots = 1 inch)
LSY
LABEL SIZE Y DIRECTION
Specifies the height of the label in dots.
WEB WEB SIZE
The width, measured in dots, of the webbing that is found on the left side of the label.
GAP
GAP SIZE
The height, measured in dots, of the gap between labels. Auto-sizing (See section 5.3.3)
will define this value.
DPS
PRINT SPEED
The speed the printer prints a label. Generally, better print quality is obtained at lower print
speeds. The printer's default print speed is 2.0 inches per second (DPS value = 48). To
speed it up or slow it down, the following DPS parameters can be inserted into the label
header. Note that a higher value slows the printer down and a smaller value speeds it up.
See Table 3 for a list of print speeds, DPS values, and inches per second.
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400 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
Designing Labels Using LDS
Print Speed
DPS VALUE
MM PER SECOND
INCHES PER SECOND
INCHES PER MINUTE
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
76.8
74.2
71.7
69.1
66.6
64.0
61.4
58.9
56.3
53.8
51.2
48.6
46.1
43.5
41.0
38.4
3.0
2.9
2.8
2.7
2.6
2.5
2.4
2.3
2.2
2.1
2.0
1.9
1.8
1.7
1.6
1.5
180
174
168
162
156
150
144
138
132
126
120
114
108
102
96
90
Table 4
LCB
LABEL CONTROL BYTE
This parameter selects between the various gap detection methods.
Continuous Stock: If set to a value of 2, the printer will not activate the gap detector
circuit. After all fields are printed, the printer will advance the extra distance in the SPG
header element.
Normal Stock (leading edge): If set to a value of 0, the printer will detect the leading
edge of the label (the start of the next label).
Black Line Stock: If set to a value of 1, the printer will detect the leading edge of a black
line.
Blow Hole Stock (Slot-Cut): If set to a value of 0, the printer will detect the leading edge
of a blow hole (see software dip switch #4 (^D24) for blow hole stock).
400 Operators Manual
23
Designing Labels Using LDS
Chapter 4
AGD
NUMBER OF STEPS TO ACTIVATE GAP DETECTOR
This parameter selects the number of steps (dots) that the printer should skip before
gap sensing is activated. This value is usually defaulted. It is not defaulted when using
stock that contains pre-print or gaps that may cause the gap detector to trigger
incorrectly.
SPG
NUMBER OF STEPS PAST GAP
The number of steps to advance the label after detection of a label gap. Use autosizing
(See section 5.3.3) to quickly evaluate this parameter for small stock.
It may also be necessary to adjust this value if using material with a sense position not
located at the end of the stock.
The 400 uses the following formula to determine the SPG setting:
If label height is greater than or equal to 479, then SPG=479
If label height is less than 479, subtract (LSY+GAP) from 479 until the answer is
negative, then add (LSY+GAP) back to become positive again. Subtract the AGD value
(usually 1) and the result will be the correct SPG.
OFX
X DIRECTION OFFSET
This parameter moves all the fields in the X direction without changing the fields
themselves.
OFY
Y DIRECTION OFFSET
This parameter moves all the fields in the Y direction without changing the fields
themselves.
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Chapter 4
Designing Labels Using LDS
4.4.1 A SAMPLE SESSION (HEADER)
This is the label header from the sample label in section 4.3.
5,812,1218,,20,355
5
5
5
-
5 fields following the header
812
-
Label width (LSX) of 812 (812/203 = 4 inches).
1218
-
Label length (LSY) of 406 (1218/203 = 6 inches).
-
The WEB parameter can be defaulted.
20
-
A GAP between labels of 20
35
-
Label print speed (DPS) of 35 = 2.0 inches per
second (from Table 3)
-
(20/203 = 0.10 inch).
-
No entry for the LCB parameter means default value
of 0, normal stock on backing paper.
-
The AGD could be defaulted. This value was
confirmed using the auto-size command.
-
SPG could be defaulted. This value was confirmed
using the auto-size function.
A carriage return must follow the label header. There
were two parameters left that were not entered into the
header - OFX and OFY. Because they were not entered,
the printer assumes the default values, 0 in their
cases. Likewise, since the AGD and SPG were defaulted,
the carriage return could have followed the DPS.
Note: Defaulted fields must be separated by commas and ending
commas may be omitted.
400 Operators Manual
25
Designing Labels Using LDS
4.5
Chapter 4
LABEL FIELDS
A field is broken down into many different parameters. These parameters contain the
information necessary to position data (text, bar codes, graphics, etc.) on the label. It is
not necessary to enter values for all of the field parameters; the default values will be
used if left blank. The fields to be defaulted must be separated by commas. A carriage
return must follow each label field.
4.5.1
BIT MAPPED TEXT AND BAR CODE FIELDS
The following is a list of bit mapped (ROM stored and Downloaded) field element
mnemonics and their default values:
TSN, XB, YB, CC, TCI, CGN, FO, FJ, CMX, CMY, CS, TSP,,, AN
1, 0, 0, *,
1, **, 0, 0,
1,
1, *,
1,,, 0
*
**
The default depends on the character generator (CGN) used.
The default depends on the TCI used.
Note: All values must be positive integers.
TSN
TEXT STRING NUMBER
Determines from which text string the field obtains the data. This allows for more than
one field to use the same text string. A TSN of 0 accesses the clock chip text string
(see section 5.3.4). A TSN of 1 accesses the first line of data. A TSN of 2 accesses the
second line of data, and so forth. Data is the text that follows a ^D25 command in a
label layout.
XB
X BEGINNING COORDINATE
The X coordinate of the field is measured in dots. The far left edge of the label as
viewed from the front of the printer is X coordinate 1. There is no X coordinate 0. The X
coordinate increases in size from left to right (See Figure 8). An XB of 203 would place
the text one inch from the left side of the label.
YB
Y BEGINNING COORDINATE
The Y coordinate of the field is measured in dots. A YB of 1 would be specified as the
first edge of the label coming out of the front of the printer during a label print. The Y
coordinate increases in size from the bottom to the top of the label (See Figure 8). A
YB of 203 would place text one inch from the bottom of the label.
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Chapter 4
Designing Labels Using LDS
CC
CHARACTER COUNT
This parameter determines the number of characters that will be used in a field. If the
number of characters in the selected text string is more than the quantity specified by
CC, then the remainder of the text string is ignored. If the text string has less than the
number of characters specified by this parameter, then only those characters defined
by the text string are printed. For example, the text string - MICROCOM - would be 8
characters long.
TCI
TEXT CONVERSION IDENTIFIER
This parameter determines what form the text string will be printed in. The following
values define which text conversion method is used:
1
2
3
8
12
13
14
15
16
*17
20
21
*22
*23
24
25
26
*28
*29
*32
*33
36
37
40
42
43
44
50
51
Text (ASCII)
Text Surrounded by Asterisks (Code 3 of 9)
Text with UPC-A/UPC-E Checksum Digit Printed
Downloadable Fonts/Graphics
UPC-A Bar Code
UPC-E Bar Code (SEND 11 DIGITS)
UPC-E Bar Code (SEND 7 DIGITS)
Interleaved 2 of 5 Bar Code
Code 3 of 9 Bar Code
Text with UPC-E Checksum and Extended Bars Added
EAN-13 Bar Code
EAN-8 Bar Code
Text with EAN-13 Checksum and Extended Bars Added
Text with EAN-8 Checksum and Extended Bars Added
MSI 1 (Plessey)
MSI 2 (Plessey)
MSI 3 (Plessey)
Text with MSI Checksum Added - Type 1
Text with MSI Checksum Added - Type 2
Text with UPC-A Checksum and Extended Bars Added
Text with UPC-A With Extended Bars Added
Postnet (Zip+4)
Postnet (Zip+6)
Code 128 Bar Code (Automatic Compression)
Codabar Bar Code
Code 93 Bar Code
AS-10 Bar Code
EAN-128 Bar Code
Text with EAN-128 Information
* Refer to Section 7.1.1 on how to use these TCI's.
Example: For the string - 1234567
A TCI of 1 would print ASCII text.
A TCI of 42 would print a Codabar bar code.
400 Operators Manual
27
Designing Labels Using LDS
CGN
Chapter 4
CHARACTER GENERATOR NUMBER
The following is a list of the character sets and specifications for the embedded fonts.
Bitmapped Font Descriptions
CGN
Point
Height
Width
Font Type
1
2
3
4
5
*6
6
8
10
12
14
18
Dixon Bold
Dixon Normal
Dixon Normal
Dixon Normal
Dixon Normal
Dixon Normal
7
8
8
8
OCR-A
OCR-B
Sample
6pt ABCDEFG1234567890abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz!@#$%^&*(
8pt ABCDEFG1234567890abcdefg
10pt ABCDEFG1234567890abcdefg
12pt ABCDEF123456789abcdef
14pt ABCDE1234567abcde
18pt ABCDE1234567
* This font is only available in 0 and 180 degree rotations
Table 5
Table 5 constitutes the bar codes available on the 400 printer. Some bar codes offer different
ratios to accommodate different applications. See Section 7.1 for more information on
designing with bar codes.
Bar Code Symbologies
Bar code
Code 3 of 9
I 2 of 5
*UPC/EAN
*UPC Readable
*Code 128
*UCC/EAN-128
Codabar
Code 93
AS-10
MSI (Plessy)
CGN
Ratio
Height
Spacing
FO
2
3
5
8
2
3
5
2
3
-
2:1
3:1
5:2
8:3
2:1
3:1
5:2
40%
40%
40%
2:1
3:1
2:1
2:1
1:1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
-
0123
0123
0123
0123
0123
0123
0123
0123
0123
0123
0123
0123
0123
0123
0123
* These bar codes must be multiplied by 2 for a 80% ratio.
Table 6
28
400 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
FO
Designing Labels Using LDS
FIELD ORIENTATION
This parameter defines the rotation of each field on the label. The point of rotation is
determined from the field justification.
0
1
2
3
FJ
0 degrees (normal rotation).
180 degrees (upside-down rotation).
270 degrees (right rotation).
90 degrees (left rotation).
FIELD JUSTIFICATION
This parameter defines the justification of each field on the label.
0
1
2
3
4
5
Left justified above base-line.
Right justified above base-line.
Left justified below base-line.
Right justified below base-line.
Centered above base-line.
Centered below base-line.
Starting position definitions:
Table 6 shows how to obtain proper character placement relative to orientations and
justifications.
Character Starting Positions Relative to Field Orientations and Field Justifications
Rotation
Field Orientation and Justification
0,180 Degrees
0
1
2
3
4
5
-
Left justified above base-line
Right justified above base-line
Left justified below base-line
Right justified below base-line
Centered above base-line
Centered below base-line
90,270 Degrees
0
1
2
3
4
5
-
Left justified above base-line
Right justified above base-line
Left justified below base-line
Right justified below base-line
Centered on Y axis, right of X coordinate
Centered on Y axis, left of X coordinate
Table 7
400 Operators Manual
29
Designing Labels Using LDS
Chapter 4
CMX
CHARACTER MULTIPLIER X DIRECTION
This parameter multiplies each character in the X direction. The valid range is 1 to 8.
(Values above 8 are possible but produce poor quality and are slower to process.)
CMY
CHARACTER MULTIPLIER Y DIRECTION
This parameter multiplies each character in the Y direction. The valid range is 1 to
65536. (Values above 8 produce poor print quality and are not recommended.
CS
CHARACTER SPACING
This parameter adjusts the spacing between each character. If this parameter is not
used, then the default for the selected character generator (CGN) is used. Bar codes
have default spacing according to the indicated multiplier. Multiplying a text string will
not multiply the spacing between characters. This element should be used to properly
space the characters.
TSP
TEXT STARTING POSITION
This parameter marks the starting position of the character in the text string to be used
as data. This is useful for allowing several fields to use sections of the same text string,
minimizing the amount of data transmitted. For example, for the text string
0123456789, A TSP of 5 and a CC (character count) of 2 would print 45. See section
5.3.4 for use of this parameter with clock fields.
CONSTANT FIELD
This field is always defaulted.
CONSTANT FIELD
This field is always defaulted.
AN
30
ATTRIBUTE NUMBER
If this parameter is set to a value of 1, the printed image will reverse if placed on top of
another image (white on black background). A value of 0 is normal. (Note: If reverse
imaging is desired, the AN should be set on all fields that overlap each other.)
400 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
4.5.2
Designing Labels Using LDS
DOWNLOADABLE FONT/GRAPHIC IMAGE FIELDS
The 400 does not differentiate between downloadable fonts and graphics. A graphic
image is simply a one character font where any character can be referenced to access
the image. The following is a list of font/graphic field element mnemonics and their
default values:
TSN, XB, YB, CC, TCI, CGN, FO, FJ, CMX, CMY, CS, TSP,,, AN
1, 0, 0, 1,
8,
1, 0, 0,
1,
1, *,
1,,, 0
*
The default depends on the character generator (CGN) used.
Note: All values must be positive integers.
TSN
TEXT STRING NUMBER
Determines from which text string the field obtains the data. This allows for more than
one field to use the same text string. A TSN of 0 accesses the clock chip text string
(see section 5.3.4). A TSN of 1 accesses the first line of data. A TSN of 2 accesses the
second line of data, and so forth. Data is the text that follows a ^D25 command in a
label layout.
XB
X BEGINNING COORDINATE
The X coordinate of the field is measured in dots. The far left edge of the label as
viewed from the front of the printer is X coordinate 1. There is no X coordinate 0. The X
coordinate increases in size from left to right (See Figure 8). An XB of 203 would place
the text one inch from the left side of the label.
YB
Y BEGINNING COORDINATE
The Y coordinate of the field is measured in dots. A YB of 1 would be specified as the
first edge of the label coming out of the front of the printer during a label print. The Y
coordinate increases in size from the bottom to the top of the label (See Figure 8). A
YB of 203 would place text one inch from the bottom of the label.
CC
CHARACTER COUNT
This parameter determines the number of characters that will be used in a field. If the
number of characters in the selected text string is more than the quantity specified by
CC, then the remainder of the text string is ignored. If the text string has less than the
number of characters specified by this parameter, then only those characters defined
by the text string are printed. For example, the text string - MICROCOM - would be 8
characters long. Set this position to 1 when accessing a graphic image field.
TCI
TEXT CONVERSION IDENTIFIER
This parameter determines what form the text string will be printed in. Downloadable
Fonts/Graphics are selected using a value of 8.
CGN
CHARACTER GENERATOR NUMBER
The following is a list of the character sets and specifications for the embedded fonts.
400 Operators Manual
31
Designing Labels Using LDS
FO
FIELD ORIENTATION
This parameter defines the rotation of each field on the label. The point of rotation is
determined from the field justification.
0
1
2
3
FJ
Chapter 4
0 degrees (normal rotation).
180 degrees (upside-down rotation).
270 degrees (right rotation).
90 degrees (left rotation).
FIELD JUSTIFICATION
This parameter defines the justification of each field on the label. See Table 6.
0
1
2
3
4
5
Left justified above base-line.
Right justified above base-line.
Left justified below base-line.
Right justified below base-line.
Centered above base-line.
Centered below base-line.
CMX
CHARACTER MULTIPLIER X DIRECTION
This parameter multiplies each character in the X direction. The valid range is 1 to 8.
(Values above 8 are possible but produce poor quality and are slower to process.)
CMY
CHARACTER MULTIPLIER Y DIRECTION
This parameter multiplies each character in the Y direction. The valid range is 1 to
65536. (Values above 8 produce poor print quality and are not recommended.
CS
CHARACTER SPACING
This parameter adjusts the spacing between each character. If this parameter is not
used, then the default for the selected character generator (CGN) is used. Multiplying a
text string will not multiply the spacing between characters. This element should be
used to properly space the characters.
TSP
TEXT STARTING POSITION
This parameter marks the starting position of the character in the text string to be used
as data. This is useful for allowing several fields to use sections of the same text string,
minimizing the amount of data transmitted. For example, for the text string
0123456789, A TSP of 5 and a CC (character count) of 2 would print 45. See section
5.3.4 for use of this parameter with clock fields.
CONSTANT FIELD
This field is always defaulted.
CONSTANT FIELD
This field is always defaulted.
32
400 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
Designing Labels Using LDS
AN
ATTRIBUTE NUMBER
If this parameter is set to a value of 1, the printed image will reverse if placed on top of
another image (white on black background). A value of 0 is normal. (Note: If reverse
imaging is desired, the AN should be set on all fields that overlap each other.)
4.5.3
LINES
A line field is broken down into ten different parameters. The first position is a constant
of 1. Next is the X starting coordinate followed by the Y. The next is a constant of 6
followed by three blank positions. The next two positions are the X size and Y size.
Finally there is an attribute position. All fields defaulted must be separated by commas,
and a carriage return must follow each graphics field definition.
The following is a list of line field mnemonics and their default values:
1, XB, YB,,6,,,, XS, YS,,,,, AN
1, 1, 1,,6,,,, 1, 1,,,,, 0
Note: All values must be positive integers.
1
CONSTANT FIELD
This is always 1
XB
X BEGINNING COORDINATE
The X coordinate of the field is measured in dots. The far left edge of the label as
viewed from the front of the printer is X coordinate 1. There is no X coordinate 0. The X
coordinate increases in size from left to right (see Figure 8). An XB of 203 would place
the text one inch from the left side of the label. The valid range is limited to the
printhead width (832).
YB
Y BEGINNING COORDINATE
The Y coordinate of the field is measured in dots. A YB of one would be specified as
the first edge of the label coming out of the front of the printer during a label print. The
Y coordinate increases in size from the bottom to the top of the label (see Figure 8). A
YB of 203 would place text one inch from the bottom of the label. The valid range is 1
to 65536.
CONSTANT FIELD
This field is always defaulted.
CONSTANT FIELD
This field is always an 6.
CONSTANT FIELDS
The next 3 fields are always defaulted.
400 Operators Manual
33
Designing Labels Using LDS
Chapter 4
XS
X SIZE
The X size of the line. Valid range is 1 to 832.
YS
Y SIZE
The Y size of the line. Valid range is 1 to 65536.
CONSTANT FIELDS
The next 4 fields are always defaulted.
AN
ATTRIBUTE NUMBER
A value of 1 will reverse the image when printed over a black image. A value of 0 is
normal. (Note: If a reverse image is desired, all overlapping fields must have the AN set
to 1.)
MAKING LINES
Program sample: Lines
^D575
45
1,50,500,,6,,,,150,105
1,100,50,,6,,,,10,5005
1,250,50,,6,,,,10,5005
1,250,250,,6,,,,150,105
^D565
^D25
.5
^D35
Lines
Figure 9
34
400 Operators Manual
Chapter 4
4.5.4
Designing Labels Using LDS
A SAMPLE SESSION (FIELDS)
Looking at the sample label...
^D575
5,812,1218,,20,355
1,190,1068,8,1,6,,,2,25
2,139,900,11,1,6,,,2,25
3,117,760,26,1,65
4,265,560,11,1,65
4,123,50,11,16,3,,,3,4065
^D565
^D25
Microcom5
Corporation5
Thermal Printing Solutions5
012345678905
^D35
A label format is coming
Header information
Field #1 information
Field #2 information
Field #3 information
Field #4 information
Field #5
Select RAM Format
Text Data is Coming
Text String #1
Text String #2
Text String #3
Print Label 1
1,190,1068,11,1,6,,,2,25
5
1
-
Field refers to text string #1 - Microcom. This
field could have referred to Corporation, if it had
a TSN of 2. The fields do not have to be in any
kind of order with respect to the data fields.
190
-
X beginning (XB) 190 dots from left edge of the
print head.
1068
-
Y beginning (YB) 40 dots from bottom of label.
8
-
Character Count (CC) of 8 characters, the amount of
characters in Microcom.
1
-
A TCI of 1 indicates that the data will appear on
the label as text, an ASCII string, as opposed to,
for example, a bar code.
6
-
This CGN selection of 6 selects an 18pt font.
,,,
-
This will default the next two positions.
2
-
This sets the X multiplication to 2.
2
-
This sets the Y multiplication to 2.
-
A carriage return signals the end of this field.
5
400 Operators Manual
35
Designing Labels Using LDS
Chapter 4
The field parameters that were not defined will default. A FO and FJ of 0 will place EASY to the
right of the X coordinate with a rotation of 0 degrees. CMX and CMY will default to 1, so the
character will be the size as defined by the font. The TSN is 1, therefore the entire word EASY will
print (a TSN of 2 would have printed ASY). CLX and CLY will default to 5 and 7, respectively, so
a full character will be printed.
36
400 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 5: PRINTER COMMANDS
The 400 printer has a large and versatile collection of control codes to meet the special needs of
labeling applications. Most of the commands use a ^D control sequence, however the printer also
recognizes a selected number of other control sequences.
For all the commands listed in this manual, the 400 will recognize either the one-character control
character or the two-character caret and alpha character sequence. In other words, for a PC key
board, the same command can be generated either by holding down the control key and pressing
the letter or by entering two characters - the ^ (a caret, the character generated if you press the
Shift key and the 6) and an alpha character (upper or lower case).
To protect against errors, in situations where two-character caret-alpha sequences are used
exclusively as printer commands, control character recognition can be disabled. This is done
either through software dip switch #1 (^D21) or command ^D93.
Some main-frame and mini-computers cannot use the ASCII '^' character. In these cases
substitute the ASCII pipe symbol '|' or use the one character control-code representation.
The caret symbol can be used in text or bar codes by preceding it with another caret.
5.1
SPECIAL PRINTER CONTROL CODES
The following control characters perform special functions. All other control characters are
ignored. Some of these instructions are also accessible through a ^D sequence.
^A
Accumulator Mode: Used to supply parameters for ^D commands.
These parameters must be positive integers and are generally decimal numbers but they
can however be binary if preceded by an ASCII B. (^AB00000001^D215 equals
^A1^D215>
^B
Text entry mode: Instructs the printer to enter printable text entry mode. This command
(or the preferred ^D25) must be sent before the text information. This command is
equivalent to ^D25 but does not require a 5 after it (^Btext data string). Because control
B is shorter it is easier to use in direct terminal mode. In general it is better to use ^D2
inside a file or program.
^C
Print a label: Starts the print cycle or batch. This command is equivalent to ^D35 but does
not require a 5 after it. Because control C is shorter than ^D35 it is easier to use in direct
terminal mode. In general it is better to use ^D35 inside a file or program.
^D
Command Mode: Used to issue commands to the printer. This command is normally
preceded by a ^A sequence (see above). ^D commands must be terminated with a 5 or
another control sequence (^A9^D73^D35 equals ^A9^D735 and ^D35.
^E
Printer enquiry: See section 5.2 for more details (equivalent to ^D55 but does not require
a 5 after it). Because control E is shorter than ^D55 it is easier to use in direct terminal
mode. In general it is better to use ^D55 inside a file or program.
400 Operators Manual
37
Printer Commands
Chapter 5
^M
Terminate text or data string: Must be used to terminate a text or data string. (Same as
a carriage return or enter key on a PC keyboard.)
^H
(or DEL) Deletes the last printable character entered: This is usually only used when
communicating to the printer through the keyboard. (Same as the backspace key on a PC
keyboard.)
^K
Print test label: A test label consists of a series of diagonal lines. It is useful in
determining the condition of the dots on the print head (equivalent to ^D115).
^L
Form Feed. (Equivalent to ^D12)
^Q
XON: Instructs the printer to continue sending data.
^S
XOFF: Instructs the printer to stop sending data.
5.2
PRINTER ENQUIRIES
It is important for the host computer to know the status of the printer as labels are produced. This
facilitates security in the system and flags electrical and mechanical errors. Enquiries also aid the
system designer in adjusting the pace of the printer with that of the operator.
The 400 printer is capable of returning responses to enquiries in three different ways depending
on how the machine is programmed (see software dip switch #1, ^D21, section 5.3. The text
equivalent response returns a defining word, giving the state of the machine. The ^ equivalent
returns an ASCII '^' response followed by the defining alpha character. The control-code
equivalent returns an actual control code.
The printer will send to the host one of the following responses in response to a ^E or ^D5:
38
400 Operators Manual
Chapter 5
Printer Commands
Enquiry Responses
TEXT
>RESTARTED<
>READY<
>DATA ERROR<
>LOW STOCK<
>LOW TEMP<
>OVER TEMP<
>OVER VDD<
>TAKE LABEL<
^ALPHA or CONTROL
CODE
^Z
^F
^U
^Y
^^
^[
^\
^V
DEFINITION
Printer has been reset
Normal condition
Communication error
Out of labels
Head temperature is low
Head temperature is high
VDD voltage is high
Printer is waiting for a label to be taken
Table 8
5.3
SENDING ^D PRINTER COMMANDS
Unless other-wise specified, these commands are entered by sending a ^DXX where XX is the
command number. It is followed by a carriage return or another control code. Some commands
load data or control numbers and are preceded by a ^AXX, where XX represents the data or
control number. Unless otherwise specified, command codes should precede or follow the actual
format layout. They should be placed before the ^D57 or just before the print command ^D3.
All commands not listed in 5.3.1 (the EEPROM and dip switch section) are not retained when the
printer is turned off and if desired, must be sent again upon power-up.
When possible, the following commands are grouped by function. See the quick reference
command summary in Appendix G for a listing by number.
Some commands can be substituted with equivalent control-codes. If this is the case, there will
be an equivalence statement in the description.
Example of Command usage:
^A3^D75^D35 (This sequence will print a batch of three labels).
400 Operators Manual
39
Printer Commands
Chapter 5
5.3.1 SOFTWARE DIP SWITCHES AND EEPROM COMMANDS
The following commands are different from the other printer commands in that they are stored in
EEPROM, are non-volatile and configure the machine upon power-up. Once sent to the printer,
they do not need to be sent again.
The printer will only configure to the following commands after a the machine has been powered
off and then turned back on. The printer will not accept these commands until this is done.
^A
^D
20
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
110 Baud
150 Baud
300 Baud
600 Baud
1200 Baud
2400 Baud
4800 Baud
9600 Baud
19200 Baud
40
COMMAND
Change baud rate: Unless otherwise requested by the customer, the baud rate of
a 400 printer, out of the box, is 9600. (i.e. to change baud to 19200 use ^A8^D205)
400 Operators Manual
Chapter 5
^A
^D
21
Printer Commands
COMMAND
Change SW1: Software dip switch #1. The dip switches are the only commands
that do not use the ^A parameters. Instead, they use a ^AB sequence followed by
an 8 digit 0 or 1 code.
For example: ^AB10101011^D215 will configure the printer for a text equivalent
enquiry response, accept control codes, even parity, disable parity, disable echo,
8 data bits and enable XON/XOFF flow control.
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.) 1=XON/XOFF Enable, 0=Disable
******.)) 1=8 Data Bits, 0=7 Data Bits
*****.))) 1=Echo Enable, 0=Disable
****.)))) 1=No Parity, 0=Enable Parity
***.))))) 1=Odd Parity, 0=Even Parity
**.)))))) 1=Ignore Control Codes, 0=Accept
*.)))))))))),
.)))))))))),* Enquiry Response
00 = Control Codes
10 = Text Equivalent
11 = ^ Equivalent
Position:
1,2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Enquiry Response: This determines what the printer will send back in response
to an enquiry. See chapter 5.
Control Codes: This switch setting will allow or disallow printer response to control
codes (below 20h). Special Note: When using parallel communications, this switch
will be automatically set to 0 and control codes can only be disabled by JP1 on the
parallel board.
Parity: Selects either even or odd parity error checking.
Enable Parity: Enables or disables parity error checking.
Echo: If this feature is enabled, the printer will echo all received characters to the
serial port.
Data Bits: Choose 7 or 8 bit data.
XON/XOFF: Enable or disable XON/XOFF software handshaking. CTS/RTS
hardware handshaking is always enabled.
400 Operators Manual
41
Printer Commands
^A
^D
22
Chapter 5
COMMAND
Change SW2: Software dip switch #2. Below is the ^AB sequence:
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.)))),
******.)))),*
*****.)))),**
*****
RRR Power-up Label Format
*****
000=ALWAYS EPROM Format 1
*****
001=ROM or Saved Format File 1
*****
010=ROM or Saved Format File 2
*****
011=ROM or Saved Format File 3
*****
100=ROM or Saved Format File 4
*****
101=ROM or Saved Format File 5
*****
110=ROM or Saved Format File 6
*****
111=ROM or Saved Format File 7
****.)))) 1=Use Saved Format File, 0=Rom Format
***.))))) 1=Print Button Enable, 0=Disable
**.)))))) 1=Disable Button Use, 0=Enable
*.))))))) 1=>RESTARTED< Response Enable, 0=Disable
.)))))))) 1=Clear Text Enable, 0=Disable
Position:
1
2
3
4
5
6,7,8
42
Clear Text Function: If enabled, all variable text strings will be erased when a
^D25 is processed.
>RESTARTED< Response: If the printer has been reset and this switch has been
enabled, the printer will respond with to the first poll by sending the
>RESTARTED< message. If additional enquiries are made the printer will respond
normally. The >RESTARTED< message is only sent once after reset.
Button Use: Set to 1, the printer will not allow button use, even for paper feed.
Print Button: If this is 0, the button can be used for paper feed, but cannot be
used to initiate label printing.
Power-up Format Type: Defines the power-up label format. This parameter
determines whether to use a saved format file for the power-up label, or a ROM
format (defined by positions 6, 7, and 8). The saved format file must be battery
backed to use the saved format file feature. See Appendix C for configuration
instructions and section 5.3.7 for saved format file information. Please consult your
service organization if changes or additions to the fixed ROM formats are required.
Power-up Label Format: These switches decide which format to use at power-up.
400 Operators Manual
Chapter 5
^A
^D
23
Printer Commands
COMMAND
Change SW3: Software dip switch #3. Below is the ^AB sequence:
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.
******.)
*****.))
****.)))
***.))))
**.)))))
**
*.))))))
.)))))))
Position:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
1=Send Response After Print
0=No Response After Print
Always 0
1=Disable Extended ASCII, 0=Enable
Extended ASCII: If enabled, characters over 7F hex will be processed.
Always 0
Response After Print: If enabled, an enquiry response will be sent back through
the serial port after every print.
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
400 Operators Manual
43
Printer Commands
^A
^D
24
Chapter 5
COMMAND
Change SW4: Change software dip switch #4. Below is the ^AB sequence.
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.)
******.))
*****.)))
****.))))
***.)))))
**.))))))
*.)))))))
.))))))))
Position:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
^A
XX
44
^D
36
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
1=Auto-size on Power-up, 0=Disable
1=Blow-hole Sensing Enable, 0=Disable
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
Blow-hole Stock: Enable this position when using blow-hole or cut-slot stock:
Stock that uses a hole instead of a gap to separate labels.
Auto-size on power-up: When enabled, the printer automatically sizes the label
stock when turned on. The printer then uses these header values for all
subsequent label formats. See the ^D39 command in section 5.3 for more
information on auto-sizing.
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
COMMAND
Adjust Contrast Base: Used to adjust the contrast base point for such things as
high-speed paper and printhead wear. This command is stored in the EEprom and
skews the entire contrast window (^D35). This command has a ^A range of 10 to
200%.
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Printer Commands
5.3.2 PRINTING COMMANDS
The following commands initiate label printing or define the number of labels to be printed.
^A
^D
3
Command
Print Command: Prints a single label or starts the printing of a batch of labels. This
is usually the last command in a format file.
11
Print Test: Prints a label with diagonal lines that is useful in determining the
condition of wear of the print head. (Equivalent to ^K)
12
Form Feed: (Equivalent to ^L) Prints a blank label.
70
Clear commands 71-76.
71
Disable Copies Function: Suspends multiple copies function and returns printer
to single copy mode.
72
Enable Copies Function: Allows a batch of labels to be produced. Used to restore
conditions after a ^D71 has been executed. (Note: if copies function was disabled
with the ^D71 command, then this function will restore copies function using
previously entered copies count^D73.)
XX
73
Load copies count: Tells the printer to print multiple copies without incrementing
serial numbers. This command can be used in conjunction with the ^D75 (load print
count) to allow duplicate copies to be made inside a batch. For example, the
following command string will print a total of 150 labels; three copies of each serial
number and 50 different numbers (^A3^D73^A50^D75^D35).
1
74
Infinity Print: Prints a batch of labels but will continue to print until the printer is
turned off. This command is most useful in tag/tear or peel-and-dispense modes.
^A1 activates this mode. Can be used with serial numbers. Example usage:
^A1^D74^D35 - Prints until printer turned off or paused, using the front panel
button.
XX
75
Load Label Count: Tells the printer to print a batch of labels using the serial
number function if enabled. Can be used in conjunction with load copies count
(^D73). The batch of labels will be printed when a ^D3 is executed. Therefore, this
must precede a ^D3 command. The only difference between this command and
^D73 is in the ability of this command to increment and decrement sequential
numbers in the batch. See section 5.3 for more information. Example usage:
^A20^D74^D35 - Prints 20 serial number labels.
400 Operators Manual
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Printer Commands
^A
XXX
^D
76
Chapter 5
COMMAND
Load Delay Time Between Printed Labels: Delays the printing between labels in
a batch. Preceded by ^A which contains the wait in 1/10ths of a second
increments. The maximum value is 650. Example usage: ^A10^D765 - introduces
a one second delay between printed labels.
5.3.3 AUTO-SIZING and VALID GAP COMMANDS
The auto-size feature gives important format file values for the label header. These values are:
LSY GAP AGD SPG ^D91Value -
Label height
Distance between labels
Steps until activating gap detector
Steps past gap
States transmissive properties of stock to the gap detector. See
^D91 definition later in this section. This value is obtained from
auto-sizing and should be inserted as the ^A value associated with
the ^D91 command. This must be done whenever stock is
changed.
When autosize is executed, a sample of approximately 10 labels will run through the
printer. The printer averages the values it receives from these labels.
To auto-size labels that use a black line instead of a gap, first execute a ^A1^D475 to put
the unit in black line mode.
To autosize blow-hole stock, set software dip switch 4 for blow-hole stock (see section
5.3.1) and then auto-size.
There is also a power-up auto-size feature as defined in section 5.3.3, ^D24.
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Chapter 5
^A
^D
39
Printer Commands
Command
Auto-Size Label:
0
Clears the use of auto-size values set by ^A1^D39.
1
Uses the values obtained for the variables above instead of what the user supplies
in the header of the file format. This will not display the variables on the screen.
2
Automatically sizes the label and displays on the screen the values for the size
variables. These values should be placed in the label header for that stock.
3
Same as ^A2^D39, but prints the values on a label, instead of on the screen.
(Note: The LCB should be set to 1 before autosizing black line stock. ^A1^D475)
XX 91
Load Value for Printer to See Valid Gap. Obtained from the auto-size (^D39)
command. This value states the translucent properties of stock to the gap detector.
This ^AXX^D91 command should be at the beginning of all format files if suggested
^D91 value returned from autosize is not between 50 and 70 or the default value
creates skipping over the label gap. Skipping over the label gap is defined as the
printing of one label and then the printing of a blank label. This condition occurs
because the default ^D91 value cannot adjust for stock that has unusual
translucent properties (old stock, thick tag stock, unusual backing paper, etc.). This
problem can be easily rectified by auto-sizing the stock.
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Printer Commands
5.3.4
^A
Chapter 5
REAL-TIME CLOCK
^D
Command
30
Change Clock: Use the sequence below to set the time and date of the optional
real-time socket:
^D305
HH:MM:SS5
DD/MM/YY/W5
HH = hours (24 hour format)
MM = minutes
SS = seconds
W
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
MM = month
DD = day of month
YY = last 2 digits of
year
day of the week
SUN
MON
TUE
WED
THR
FRI
SAT
The optional clock produces a string of text that is accessed through use of a TSN
of 0 (See Table 10 for definitions of field parameters).
The text string is shown below...
HH:MM:SS MM/DD/YY XXX DD/MM/YY XXX
...where xxx is the day of the week.
These values should be inserted into the Field parameters for proper clock text access:
Clock Field Parameters
TSN
TSP
CC
TEXT
0
1
8
HH:MM:SS
0
10
8
MM/DD/YY
0
19
3
Day of Week
0
23
8
DD/MM/YY
0
32
3
Day of Week
Table 9
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^A
^D
Command
31
Show Clock: This command will send the date and time to the serial port.
Sample formats using the clock function:
^D575
35
0,410,100,12,16,2,,4,2,60,2,235
0,410,25,12,1,5,,4,,,,235
1,410,200,20,1,5,,45
^D565
^D25
EUROPEAN DATE FORMAT5
^D35
^D575
35
0,410,100,12,16,2,,4,2,60,2,105
0,410,25,12,1,5,,4,,,,105
1,410,200,20,1,5,,45
^D565
^D25
US DATE FORMAT5
^D35
^D575
25
0,410,25,34,1,5,,45
1,410,100,22,1,5,,45
^D565
^D25
UNMODIFIED DATE STRING5
^D35
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Printer Commands
Chapter 5
5.3.5 SERIAL NUMBER COMMANDS
The following commands, ^D80 through ^D89, refer to the serial number function of the 400
printer. The 400 can increment or decrement any single serial number on the label by any amount.
However, if there is more than one serial number on the label, then all serial number fields can
only increment or decrement by one. Single and multiple serial commands cannot be implemented
on the same label. Please note that the ^D57 command will clear most of the serial number
commands. Therefore, all serial number commands should be placed either after the ^D56
command, or just before the print command ^D3.
The following two commands are valid for both serial number functions:
^A ^D Command
80
Clears Commands 86, 88, 89.
81
Disable Serial Number Function: Will disable either single or multiple serial
number commands.
The next three commands deal with single serial number functions:
XX
84
Load Text String Number to increment/decrement: Tells the printer which text
string number to increment or decrement. See section 4.4 on text string numbers.
The ^A value states which string is adjusted.
XX
85
Load increment/decrement step value: This is the value that the single serial
number is incremented or decremented. ^A specifies the step value.
86
Single Serial Number Status:
Disable increment and decrement.
Enable increment. The serial number will be incremented by the value from ^D85.
Enable Decrement. The serial number will be decremented by the value from ^D85.
0
1
2
The next three commands determine the status of multiple serial numbers:
XX
87
Load Field Number to Clear Increment/Decrement status: Clear the status of
one or more serial numbers with this command. Example: ^A1^D87 will command
the printer not to increment/decrement field number one anymore.
XX
88
Load Field Number to Increment by 1: ^A specifies which field.
XX
89
Load Field Number to Decrement by 1: ^A specifies which field.
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^A
XX
^D
75
Printer Commands
Command
Load Label Count: Tells the printer to print a batch of labels using the serial
number function if enabled. Can be used in conjunction with load copies count
(^D73, see section 5.3). The batch of labels will be printed when a ^D3 is executed.
Therefore, this must precede a ^D3 command. The only difference between this
command and ^D73 is in the ability of this command to increment and decrement
serial numbers in the batch.
A sample program using the single serial number feature:
^D575
15
1,416,25,2,1,65
^D565
^A2^D865
^A1^D845
^A5^D855
^A3^D755
^D25
205
^D35
A sample program using the multiple serial number feature:
^D575
35
1,400,25,4,1,65
2,100,75,4,1,65
3,100,125,4,1,65
^D565
^A2^D885
^A1^D885
^A3^D895
^A3^D755
^D25
1005
2005
3005
^D35
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Printer Commands
5.3.6
Chapter 5
SAVING FORMAT COMMANDS
The printer has the capability to store up to 128 format files in RAM without processing
them. Later, these files can be accessed repeatedly at very high speeds, because access
is now a direct memory fetch. With the use of battery backed RAM socket, the printer will
retain these format files after the removal of power. The printer can be configured through
software dip switch 2 (see section 5.3), to automatically process the file at power up. The
printer treats these files exactly as if they were sent through the communication port.
The maximum number of stored files depends on the size of the files and the amount of
memory installed in the printer. The standard 128K RAM configuration offers 64K of format
storage area and the 256K configuration offers 192K. Please note that 64K is used for
system memory.
^A
XX
^D
54
Command
Send Saved Format File to Serial Port: ^A selects which one (1-128).
XX
58
Process Saved Format: ^A selects which user entered format (1-128) is to be
printed.
XX
59
Save Format File: ^A selects which slot (1-128) in which the user entered format
is to be placed. The format file must be terminated by an ESC (1B hex) character.
100
Clear User RAM: This command will clear all downloaded fonts, graphics, and
stored label formats. This command must be issued before saving format files or
when saved format files need to be changed. There is no way to erase or change
a single slot.
USAGE:
Before sending the first downloadable format file, graphic, or font, the RAM must be
initiated by sending ^D1005. When this command is issued, all previously saved files will
be erased. Therefore, it also works as a memory clear operation. Only use this command
before sending the first file or when a total RAM clear is needed.
Next send the ^A1^D595 command sequence. This indicates to the printer that file #1 of
a possible 128 is being sent to the printer. After this command, follows the format file.
The format file must be terminated with an escape character (1B hex) so that the printer
knows that the complete file has been sent down. The printer will not accept an ASCII
representation of the escape character (^[).
To access the stored file, serially send ^A1^D585, where ^A1 indicates the number of the
file that is accessed. The printer will now process the stored file.
All proceeding files sent to the printer to be saved also receive the ^AX^D59 command,
where X denotes the number of the file. Be sure that the ^D100 command is not sent
again. This will erase all stored files.
It is important to note that the saved format file mode works very well with variable text.
Configure the format file with all the positioning data, header information and fixed text.
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Terminate the file with an escape character. Select the saved format and send the variable
data as normal. It may be the difference between sending a few lines of data versus the
entire format! Access is very fast.
To list a file that has previously been sent to the printer, use the ^AX^D54 command,
where ^AX denotes the file to be read. The printer will send the file to the serial port.
Sample files: File #1 initiates the save format file memory and downloads saved format file
#1. File #1 includes all the fixed data on the label. File #2 is the file that initiates processing
of file #1 and includes all variable data for the format. File #2 also prints the label. File #3
shows how a second saved format would look if the entire format was in one file.
NOTE: <ESC> = 1B hex or ESC character
File #1
^D1005
;Remember, send this string first time.
^A1^D595
^D575
4,288,193,5,19,30,0,1,1485
1,100,20,10,1,10,0,2,1,1,,15
1,210,20,7,1,10,0,2,2,2,,115
1,152,154,12,12,,0,2,2,100,,185
1,130,54,12,32,,0,2,2,2,,185
^D565
^D25
<ESC>
File #2
^A1^D585
24 PRINTS $ 3.79 204963403795
^D35
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Chapter 5
File #3
^A2^D595
^D575
4,620,161,,18,35,,73,35
1,120,110,50,1,115
2,120, 80,70,1,105
3,120, 60,70,1,105
4,120, 40,70,1,105
^D565
^D25
MICROCOM CORPORATION5
8333-A GREEN MEADOWS DR., N.5
WESTERVILLE, OH 430815
(740) 548-62625
<ESC>
The above file would be selected by sending an ^A2^D585.
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5.3.7 LABEL PRESENCE SENSOR CONTROL
The label presence sensor that is standard on the 400 printer gives the printer the ability to print
at the operators pace. The following modes define its operation.
^A
XX
0
1
2
3
^D
96
Command
Load Advance Delay: ^A specifies how many milliseconds to delay repositioning
of the label in tag/tear and peel-and-dispense modes. Example usage:
^A1000^D96 would delay label advance by one second.
97
Tag/Tear Operation: A method of dispensing a label where the label is advanced
so the perforation between labels is on the tear bar. This allows heavy tag stock
and regular label stock to be torn off easier. The distance of advancement may
also be defined by the user, if used in conjunction with the ^D95 command. There
are three modes of operation:
Disable tag/tear operation.
Advance after every label: Causes the paper to be advanced to the perforation
after every label is printed. As soon as the label is taken, the paper is backed up
to the beginning of the next label. This mode forces the printer and computer to
operate at the speed of the operator.
Advance after copies count: Causes the paper to be advanced to the perforation
after the number of labels specified by the copy count (^D73) or label count (^D75)
commands have been printed. As soon as the labels are taken, the paper is
backed up to the beginning of the next label.
Advance when idle: This causes the paper to be advanced to the perforation
whenever the printer does not have a label request pending. When another label
request is made, the paper backs up and the next label is printed.
400 Operators Manual
55
Printer Commands
^A
^D
98
0
1
XX
56
Chapter 5
Command
Peel-and-Dispense Mode: A method of dispensing a label, where the backing
paper is automatically peeled away from the label. It allows the operator to take the
label and apply it to an object without having to peel the label off the backing
paper. The printer will advance the label so that it is still hanging off the tear bar.
This will make it easier for the operator to take the label. Once the label is taken,
the printer will back the paper into the printer so as not to waste label stock. Larger
labels may require the use of the front label support rack (see section 8.1). This will
prevent the label from falling off and sticking to the front of the printer. The distance
of advancement can also be user defined by the ^D95 command.
Turn off peel-and-dispense mode with ^D98.
Turn on peel-and dispense mode.
95
Load User Defined Steps for Label to Advance: Used in conjunction with tag/tear
and peel-and-dispense mode. This value, after print, will advance the label a user
defined distance instead of defaulting to the measure specified by the peel-anddispense and tag/tear modes. This printer feature accommodates special stock and
special circumstances (very small labels, label applicator, etc.). While the user may
specify 64,000 steps, it is not recommended that the number of steps create a
situation where the entire label is back fed into the printer. This may create labels
jamming in the printer when the back edge of the label meets the print head unit.
400 Operators Manual
Chapter 5
Printer Commands
5.3.8
TEXT STRINGS COMMANDS
The following commands support special editing features that allows the positioning of new
text, protects existing text, and enters text without using the ^D25 or ^B delimiter. These
commands are generally used when there is a format already loaded in RAM. They are
used to edit that file in order to print variations, often only the text in one field.
^A
^D
60
Command
Clears command 61
XX
61
Mark Text Starting Position: ^A designates which text field to start entering new
data. This is useful for creating variable data fields after a string of fixed data fields.
^AXX^D615 marks the text starting position, where XX is the text string number
where the new text will begin. If XX is a 2, the first line of new text entered following
a ^D25 will overwrite text line two. If two new text strings are entered, the existing
text lines two and three will be over-written. If three new text strings are entered,
the existing lines two, three and four will be overwritten, and so forth.
62
Pre-padded Text: This command is sent after text that is to appear at the
beginning of each field. Text sent after this command will be appended to the prepadded text. This is useful, for example, if the first two numbers of a bar code are
always constant and only the new bar code numbers need to be sent. The printer
would automatically update the new bar code with the two fixed numbers. A ^D62
prevents existing text lines from being over-written. Any new text entered after a
^D625 will be appended to the existing lines.
63
Text Mode Control: Allows entry of new text without a ^D2 and/or clears all text
when new text is added. The following ^AXX values have the following effects:
0
1
Disable 1 & 2.
Enable auto-print mode: New text entered after this command are recognized as
text lines and will overwrite existing text. The ^D25 is not needed at the beginning
of new text.
Clear all previous text upon receiving new data. When one or more characters of
new text is entered, the existing text area will be erased in its entirety. The printer
can be programmed to enter this mode automatically upon power-up by setting
position 7 of software dip switch 2 (See ^D21, section 5.3.1).
Enable 1 & 2.
2
3
XX
64
Auto-Print String Count: ^A tells the printer how many text strings to accept
before printing. Used in conjunction with ^A1^D63.
When the printer is put in auto-print mode, it is not necessary to send a ^D25 to
inform the printer that text is coming or send a ^D35 to tell the printer to print a
label. The printer will accept all incoming data as text strings (except control codes)
and will print a label as soon as the number of strings equals the amount specified
by the ^D64 command. At this point, the printer will print a label and continue to
accept data. This mode is useful for interfacing to a device that transmits raw data,
such as a scale or meter.
This is an example of the D63, 64 and 65 Commands...
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57
Printer Commands
^A0^D645
^D575
11,832,640,,20,365
1,47,463,10,1,25
2,416,439,20,1,3,,45
3,416,412,25,1,3,,45
4,416,385,25,1,3,,45
5,47,350,10,1,25
6,307,503,30,1,35
7,60,207,29,1,55
7,416,277,20,16,2,,4,2,50,25
8,60,149,29,1,55
9,60,090,29,1,55
10,60,031,29,1,55
^D565
^D25
SHIP FROM:5
MICROCOM CORPORATION5
8333-A GREEN MEADOWS DR., N.5
WESTERVILLE, OH 430815
SHIP TO:5
Order No: XXX5
777777777777777777777777777777777777775
888888888888888888888888888888888888885
999999999999999999999999999999999999995
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
5
^A3^D635
^A5^D645
^A6^D615
58
Chapter 5
;clear any old settings
;load new format mode
;header
;field info
;field info
;field info
;field info
;field info
;field info
;field info
;field info
;field info
;field info
;field info
;select RAM format
;begin text entry mode
;data line 01 (protected)
;data line 02 (protected)
;data line 03 (protected)
;data line 04 (protected)
;data line 05 (protected)
;data line 06
;data line 07
;data line 08
;data line 09
;data line 10
;enable auto print and clear text
;tell printer to print after 6 (CR)
;tell printer to start new data entry
at data line 6 instead of 1
400 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 6: DOWNLOADABLE GRAPHIC IMAGES
The Microcom 400 printer is capable of storing multiple fonts/graphic images. You may either
use the Microcom "PCX2400" software utility to convert a PCX or PCC file, or use your own
software to format a graphics file into a form that the printer can understand.
METHOD #1: Create your own software to manipulate graphic files into the 400 format.
METHOD #2: Use the "PCX2400" software to turn your PCX file into the 400 format.
METHOD #3: Use a WYSIWYG on-screen label design package to convert the PCX file.
6.1
PROCEDURE FOR USING PCX2400 SOFTWARE
To Create Graphic Images Using the "PCX2400" Software.
A) Type at DOS prompt - PCX2400 filename.ext
B) Follow the on screen instructions and note the slot # the image was placed in.
C) Down-load resulting file (filename.N400 or .R400) file to printer
D) Section 4.5.3 explains how to access loaded images.
6.2
FORMAT OF GRAPHICS FILES
The following graphics file structure is offered to programmers who with to use their own
programs to convert graphic images.
The 400 does not differentiate between graphics and fonts. They both are accessed by using
a TCI of 8. Therefore a font and a graphic cannot have the same CGN number. A graphic is
simply a font with only one character and all imputed characters point to the same character.
6.2.1 FONT/GRAPHIC STRUCTURE
The 400 font structure consists of Microcom LDS commands, a header, a look-up table, a
character descriptor, and character data. All words are in Intel format: low byte, high byte.
^AXX^D1065
START1 label
dw
dw
400 Font Header
START2 label
dw
dw
dw
db
db
db
db
db
;tells printer that an font/graphic is coming, XX is the CGN number
;This is marking a position in the file that will be described later
;0 = normal rotation
;1 = right rotation
;number of words of data following
;This is marking a position in the file that will be described later.
;offset to look-up table
;number of pixels high
;number of pixels wide
;default character spacing
;number of bytes wide
;first character in font (always 32 for graphics)
;last character in font (always 32 for graphics)
;default character (if the character selected is not valid, this character
;will be substituted
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Loading Graphic Images
Chapter 6
400 Look-up Table
dw,dw,dw,dw...
;Offset in bytes, from START2 to the specified character descriptor. The
first entry would point to the descriptor of the first character (the space
character for example) and the second entry would point to the second
character (the ! character for example) and so on. If a character is not
decoded , then the word should point to the default character, usually
the space character. This table continues for every character in the font.
Note: A graphic will only have one character in the font.
400 Character Descriptor
dw
;pixels high
dw
;pixels wide
400 Character Data
db,db,db...
;data for character
The rest of the file would be more character descriptor and character data modules. All data
from START1 to the end should ne in ASCII-hex format. This encryption takes the most
significant nibble of the byte and adds 48 if between 0-9 and 55 if between 10-15. The same
process is preformed for the least significant nibble. For example, the byte 108 decimal, or
01101100 in binary would translate to ASCII hex 6C.
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Chapter 6
6.3
Loading Graphic Images
DOWNLOADABLE GRAPHICS COMMAND SUMMARY
The following commands refer to the use of downloadable fonts and graphic images:
^A
XX
^D
100
Command
Clear User RAM: This command will clear all downloaded fonts, graphics, and
stored label formats.
101
List Memory Bytes Available: The printer will send a < character followed by
the amount of bytes and finally a > character. (ie. >192680<)
106
Load Graphic Image or Font into User Memory: ^A select which slot to place
the image/font in (1-20).
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Loading Graphic Images
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Chapter 6
400 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 7: BAR CODES
Although bar codes are accessed in the same manner as text fields, bar codes often limit or
expand the type of data that can be used. The purpose of this chapter is to explain and
eliminate many of the questions that surface when dealing with bar codes for the first time.
7.1
TYPES OF BAR CODES
Universal Product Code - Version A (UPC-A), TCI=12
The UPC-A bar code is primarily used in the supermarket industry. It contains 11 numeric data
characters and a single numeric check digit. The 400 must be provided 11 digits in order to
print a scanable bar code. The first 6 digits are supplied by the UCC council and are the
Manufacture's ID number. The next 5 digits uniquely identify each of the Manufacture's
products and are assigned by the Manufacturer. The 12th digit is the checksum and should be
omitted because the printer will automatically insert the correct value if a checksum is not sent
(Caution: The printer will accept and print an invalid check digit if an incorrect check digit is
provided). UPC-A bar codes do not use inter character spacing and therefore the character
spacing element CS must be defaulted.
Universal Product Code - Version E (UPC-E, send 11 digits), TCI=13
The UPC-E bar code is primarily used in the supermarket industry to label small packages. The
bar code algorithm uses a zero suppression routine to reduce certain 11 digit UPC-A bar codes
to only 6 numeric digits and a conversion type numeric digit. The following chart illustrates how
11 digits are reduced to only 6. (Note: When using TCI 13, the printer requires the unconverted
11 digits.) UPC-E bar codes do not use inter character spacing and therefore the character
spacing element CS must be defaulted. Note: The Manufacturer's ID number must begin with 0
in order to use UPC-E.
400 Operators Manual
63
Bar codes
Chapter 7
UPC Zero Reduction Format
SYMBOL
DECODED NUMBER
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 0
NS X1 X2 0 0 0 0 0 X3 X4 X5
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 1
NS X1 X2 1 0 0 0 0 X3 X4 X5
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 2
NS X1 X2 2 0 0 0 0 X3 X4 X5
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 3
NS X1 X2 X3 0 0 0 0 0 X4 X5
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 4
NS X1 X2 X3 X4 0 0 0 0 0 X5
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 5
NS X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 0 0 0 0 5
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 6
NS X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 0 0 0 0 6
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 7
NS X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 0 0 0 0 7
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 8
NS X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 0 0 0 0 8
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 9
NS X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 0 0 0 0 9
Table 10
Universal Product Code - Version E (UPC-E, send 7 digits), TCI=13
TCI 13 is the same as TCI 12 except that only the actual 7 numeric digits are used to produce
the bar code. (Caution: It is very important that the valid 7 digits are used. Failure to use valid
numbers may result in incorrect bar codes.)
European Article Numbering System - Version 13 (EAN-13), TCI=20
EAN-13 is not generally used in the United States. It contains 13 digits and is constructed in
the same manner as UPC-A.
European Article Numbering System - Version 8 (EAN-8), TCI=21
EAN-8 is not generally used in the United States. It contains 8 digits and is constructed in the
same manner as EAN-13. Please note that EAN-8 does not use compression and is not a
condensed version of EAN-13 (as with UPC-A and UPC-E).
Interleaved 2 of 5 TCI=15 (I2of5)
I2of5 is a high density, variable length, numeric bar code that is used mainly in the distribution
industry. Although the data can be any length, there must always be an even number of
characters. If an odd amount of characters is required, a 0 is normally padded at the
beginning. I2of5 bar codes actually encode characters in the spaces as well as the bars.
Therefore the character spacing element (CS) must be defaulted.
Code 3 of 9 (Code 39), TCI=16
Code 39 is one of the more popular variable length, alphanumeric, bar code in use today. It
can encode numeric characters 0 through 9, all upper case letters, and the characters -.*$/+%
and space. Although most specifications require a specific inter character spacing, Code 39
64
400 Operators Manual
Chapter 7
Bar codes
will allow custom inter character spacing as long as the maximum does not exceed the timeout
zone of the intended scanning equipment.
Modified Plessey (MSI 1), TCI=24
MSI is primarily used on retail self labels. It is a low density and numeric only bar code due to
the amount of space that each character consumes. MSI 2 and MSI 3 are variations which
contain 1 or 2 check digits respectively.
Postnet, TCI=36
Postnet is a numeric only bar code that is used in postal applications to sort mail.
Code 128 (Automatic Compression), TCI=40
Code 128 is a very high density, variable length, full alphanumeric bar code. It contains 3
separate character sets (A,B, and C) and separate shift characters to access them in the same
bar code. Subset C contains 99 matched numeric pairs, each encoded as a single character.
The pairing of numeric characters allows numeric portions of the bar code to consume half as
much space as they would using Subsets A or B. If TCI 40 is selected, the printer will
automatically decide which subset is most efficient and insert the appropriate shift character.
It is also possible to manually change the subset. This would be necessary if function
character access was required. Please note that the printer will still try to find the most efficient
subset after the temporary switch has been made.
Code 128 Special Function Access
#
Value
CODE A
CODE B
CODE C
#0
96
FNC3
FNC3
-----
#1
97
FNC2
FNC2
-----
#2
98
SHIFT
SHIFT
-----
#3
99
CODE C
CODE C
-----
#4
100
CODE B
FNC4
CODE B
#5
101
FNC4
CODE A
CODE A
#6
102
FNC1
FNC1
FNC1
#7
103
-----
-----
-----
#8
104
-----
-----
-----
#9
105
-----
-----
-----
##
3
#
#
-----
Table 11
400 Operators Manual
65
Bar codes
Chapter 7
For example: The UCC-128 shipping container specification requires the 128 bar code to start
in subset C and contain the character function 1. The following format example illustrates how
this is done.
^D575
1,8325
1,100,200,30,40,,,,2,1005
^D565
^D25
#9#612345678905
^D35
Codabar (Rationalized Codabar), TCI=42
The Codabar bar code is typically used to identify air shipping containers, library items and
blood information. It can encode the characters 0 through 9, -$:.+ABCD and four different
start/stop characters.
Code 93, TCI=43
Code 93 is a high density, full alphanumeric, variable length, bar code. Through the use of
reserved shift characters, it can encode all of the first 128 ASCII characters.
AS-10, TCI=44
AS-10 is not widely used. It is variable length and encodes the numeric values 1234567890
only.
UCC/EAN-128, TCI=50 (TCI=51 is the text version)
UCC/EAN-128 bar codes are actually Code 128 bar codes that have a specific data format
that contains multiple data subfields. Subfields are identified by application identifiers as
specified in UCC/EAN-128 Application Identifier Standard (January 1993, revised and
reprinted July 1995).
The UCC/EAN-128 bar code field has a TCI of 50. The CGN field is ignored.
The UCC/EAN-128 text field has a TCI of 51. The CGN selects the desired resident font for
printing the text string. In other words, use the same CGN that would be used if printing the
string with a regular resident font using a TCI of 1.
Data strings can contain one or more substrings appended onto one line. Each substring can
consists of a 2-, 3-, or 4-digit Application Identifier immediately followed by a data string
meeting the formatting requirements for that Application Identifier.
The following table is a list of supported Application Identifiers and their data format
requirements. Use this legend when reading the data format requirements:
a
n
an
a3
n3
an3
a..3
66
alphabetic character
numeric character
alphanumeric character
3 alphabetic characters, fixed length
3 numeric characters, fixed length
3 alphanumeric characters, fixed length
variable length up to 3 alphabetic characters
400 Operators Manual
Chapter 7
n..3
an..3
Bar codes
variable length up to 3 numeric characters
variable length up to 3 alphanumeric characters
AI
00
01
10
11(*)
13(*)
15(*)
17(*)
20
21
22
23(**)
240
250
30
310(***)
311(***)
312(***)
313(***)
314(***)
315(***)
316(***)
320(***)
321(***)
322(***)
323(***)
324(***)
325(***)
326(***)
327(***)
328(***)
329(***)
330(***)
331(***)
332(***)
333(***)
334(***)
335(***)
336(***)
340(***)
341(***)
342(***)
343(***)
344(***)
345(***)
346(***)
347(***)
Content
SSCC-18
SCC-14
Batch or Lot Number
Production Date (YYMMDD)
Packaging Date (YYMMDD)
Sell By Date (Quality) (YYMMDD)
Expiration Date (Safety) (YYMMDD)
Product Variant
Serial Number
HIBCC - Quantity, Date, Batch and Link
Lot Number (Transitional Use)
Additional Product Identification assigned by the Manufacturer
Secondary Serial Number
Quantity
Net Weight, Kilograms
Length or 1st Dimension, Meters
Width, Diameter or 2nd Dimension, Meters
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Meters
Area, Square Meters
Volume, Liters
Volume, Cubic Meters
Net Weight, Pounds
Length or 1st Dimension, Inches
Length or 1st Dimension, Feet
Length or 1st Dimension, Yards
Width, Diameter, or 2nd Dimension, Inches
Width, Diameter, or 2nd Dimension, Feet
Width, Diameter, or 2nd Dimension, Yards
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Inches
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Feet
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Yards
Gross Weight, Kilograms
Length or 1st Dimension, Meters, Logistics
Width, Diameter or 2nd Dimension, Meters, Logistics
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Meters, Logistics
Area, Square Meters, Logistics
Gross Volume, Liters
Gross Volume, Cubic Meters
Gross Weight, Pounds
Length or 1st Dimension, Inches, Logistics
Length or 1st Dimension, Feet, Logistics
Length or 1st Dimension, Yards, Logistics
Width, Diameter or 2nd Dimension, Inches, Logistics
Width, Diameter or 2nd Dimension, Feet, Logistics
Width, Diameter or 2nd Dimension, Yards, Logistics
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Inches, Logistics
400 Operators Manual
Format
n2+n18
n2+n14
n2+an..20
n2+n6
n2+n6
n2+n6
n2+n6
n2+n2
n2+an..20
n2+an..29
n3+n..19
n3+an..30
n3+an..30
n2+n..8
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
67
Bar codes
348(***)
349(***)
350(***)
351(***)
352(***)
353(***)
354(***)
355(***)
356(***)
360(***)
361(***)
362(***)
363(***)
364(***)
365(***)
366(***)
367(***)
368(***)
369(***)
400
410
411
412
414
420
421
8001
8002
8003
8100
8101
8102
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
Chapter 7
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Feet, Logistics
Depth, Thickness, Height or 3rd Dimension, Yards, Logistics
Area, Square Inches
Area, Square Feet
Area, Square Yards
Area, Square Inches, Logistics
Area, Square Feet, Logistics
Area, Square Yards, Logistics
Net Weight, Troy Ounce
Volume, Quarts
Volume, Gallons
Gross Volume, Quarts
Gross Volume, Gallons
Volume, Cubic Inches
Volume, Cubic Feet
Volume, Cubic Yards
Gross Volume, Cubic Inches
Gross Volume, Cubic Feet
Gross Volume, Cubic Yards
Customer’s Purchase Order Number
Ship To (Deliver To) Location Code Using EAN-13
Bill To (Invoice To) Location Code Using EAN-13
Purchase From (Location Code of Party from Whom Goods are
Purchased)
EAN Location Code for Physical Identification
Ship To (Deliver To) Postal Code Within a Single Postal
Authority
Ship To (Deliver To) Postal Code With 3-Digit ISO Country
Code Prefix
Roll products - Width, Length, Core Diameter, Direction and
Splices
Electronic Serial Number for Cellular Mobile Telephones
UPC/EAN Number and Serial Number of Returnable Asset
Coupon Extended Code - Number System Character and Offer
Coupon Extended Code - Number System Character, Offer, and
End of Offer
Coupon Extended Code - Number System Character preceded
by zero
Mutually Agreed, Between Trading Partners or FACT DIs
Intra-Company (Internal)
Intra-Company (Internal)
Intra-Company (Internal)
Intra-Company (Internal)
Internal-Carriers
Internal-Carriers
Intra-Company (Internal)
Intra-Company (Internal)
Internal
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n4+n6
n3+an..30
n3+n13
n3+n13
n3+n13
n3+n13
n3+an..9
n3+n3+an..9
n4+n14
n4+an..20
n4+n14+an..16
n4+n1+n5
n4+n1+n5+n4
n4+n1+n1
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
n2+an..30
UCC/EAN Application Identifiers
Table 12
68
400 Operators Manual
Chapter 7
Bar codes
(*) : To indicate only year and month, DD must be filled with “00”
(**) : Plus one digit for length indication
(***) : Plus one digit for decimal point indication
Each subfield's format is expressed as the format of the Application Identifier number + the
format of the associated data. Each subfield must adhere to the format specified or else the
printer will be unable to locate following subfields, causing errors in printing.
Any variable length subfield (unless it is the last subfield in a field) must be terminated by the
characters "#6" (without quotes). These characters are translated to the Code 128 "FNC1"
character, which is specified by UCC/EAN-128 as the variable-length field terminator. The "#6"
is not printed.
When printing a UCC/EAN-128 text field, the printer automatically surrounds each application
identifier number with parentheses, and follows the right parenthesis with a space character.
Do not use parentheses or spaces when specifying an application identifier string.
Several application identifiers (00, 01, 22, 8003) specify fields that will have a check digit as
part of their data. A character must be included in the check digit place (although it need not
be the correct check digit.) This character is used only as a placeholder and will not be printed.
The printer will calculate the correct check digit and replace the character already there.
^A3^D97^D575
6,832,600,,,305
1,50,100,80,40,,0,,2,1005
1,50,300,80,50,,0,,2,1005
1,50,500,80,51,5,05
2,50,60,30,1,35
3,50,260,30,1,35
4,50,460,30,1,35
^D56^D25
011234567890123-420abcde#631011234565
code1285
EAN1285
EAN128 Human Readable5
^D35
400 Operators Manual
69
Bar codes
7.2
Chapter 7
DESIGNING WITH BAR CODES
When 0 and 180 degree bar codes are X multiplied (CMX), the space between characters is
also multiplied to maintain the correct ratios. The printer will do this internally. Therefore, when
multiplying bar codes, use the default value for the spacing element (SP) in the field
parameters. On some bar codes (CODE 39 ...) you may choose a larger spacing than the
printer default, but you may not use a smaller spacing.
If the Y multiplier (CMY) is not multiplied, a bar code with a vertical length of one dot is
produced. Of course, this will not be picked up by scanners. Multiply the Y co-ordinate to the
proper height. For example: Multiply the Y co-ordinate (CMY) by 203 to create a one inch tall
bar code.
If the bar code is in a ladder (or vertical) orientation (90 and 270 degrees), multiply CMY for
width, and CMX for bar code length. It may be necessary to slightly adjust the contrast window
and/or adjust the print speed due to the "bleeding" effect caused by heat build up in the print
head.
Program sample: Bar codes in four rotations (See Figure 10)
^D575
9,814,6095
1,410,30,11,1,4,,45
2,410,100,11,1,2,,45
2,410,137,3,16,2,,4,3,405
3,680,300,11,1,2,3,45
3,640,300,3,16,2,3,4,40,35
4,410,500,11,1,2,1,45
4,410,465,3,16,2,1,4,3,405
5,140,300,11,1,2,2,45
5,180,300,3,16,2,2,4,40,35
^D565
^D25
ROTATIONS5
000 DEGREES5
090 DEGREES5
180 DEGREES5
270 DEGREES5
^D35
Bar code Rotations
Figure 10
70
400 Operators Manual
Chapter 7
Bar codes
7.2.1 BAR CODE HUMAN READABLES
Text conversion identifiers (TCI position in field description) 32 and 33 refer to the human
readable portion of UPC-A bar codes. They are designed to be used in conjunction with UPCA bar codes, They only create the text equivalent of the UPC-A bar code and optionally add
the extended portions of the bar code lines. This lower portion must them be lined up with the
upper to create a correct UPC-A bar code. (See Figure 11)
<---------------- UPC-A Bar Code
<---------------- Human Readable
UPC-A BAR CODE
Figure 11
Text conversion identifiers 28 and 29 are MSI human readables that do not border themselves
with bar lines like 32 and 33. Their purpose is only to add the calculated check digit(s) to text
lines. To design with these TCI's, select a text character generator number and multiply as with
any other text field. Place this field underneath the MSI bar code. TCI 3 works in this same way
but for UPC-A bar codes. All other bar code human readables only require a text TCI of 1, a
user selectable text character generator, and text positioning under the desired bar code. This
field must refer to the bar code number.
Format sample: Bar codes with human readables (See Figure 12)
^D575
16,814,6095
1,100,20,17,1,105
3,60,37,11,32,,,,2,25
3,82,55,11,12,,,,2,605
2,375,20,19,1,105
3,350,37,11,33,,,,2,25
3,372,55,11,12,,,,2,605
4,80,150,19,1,105
4,65,167,12,20,,,,2,60,,85
5,408,150,14,1,105
5,395,167,7,21,,,,2,60,,7
6,110,270,5,1,105
6,120,287,12,13,,,,2,60,,85
9,180,270,8,3,105
7,400,270,5,1,105
7,470,287,12,13,,,,2,60,,85
8,460,270,8,3,105
^D565
^D25
UPC-A HR W/CHKSUM5
UPC-A HR W/O CHKSUM5
400 Operators Manual
Bar code Human Readables
Figure 12
71
Bar codes
Chapter 7
012345678905
EAN13 0123456789015
EAN8 01234565
UPC-E 001234000055
UPC-E 101234000055
^D35
72
400 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 8: SPECIAL EFFECTS
8.1
REVERSED PRINT (WHITE TEXT OVER BLACK)
The 400 has the ability to print white text on a user definable black background. Reverse video
text can be produced by manually placing a black box under the text field by using the line, or
any other image. If text is printed on top of the black background, and the white on black
option in the text field descriptor is set, the text placed within the black area will be reversed. It
should be noted that the above method produces a fixed background that will not automatically
adjust to the amount of text printed on top.
^D57
2,812,609,,,30
1,200,300,1,6,1,0,,400,100,,,,,1
1,400,375,20,1,6,0,5,1,1,0,1,0
^D56^D2
Reverse Video
^D3
Reverse Imaging
Figure 13
400 Operators Manual
73
Special Effects
74
Chapter 9
400 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 9: DOWNLOADABLE FONTS/GRAPHICS
The 400 is capable of storing up to 20 downloadable fonts/graphics. The printer treats
downloadable fonts/graphics just like the standard bit mapped fonts mentioned in chapter 4.
You may either purchase downloadable fonts from Microcom (see section 11.3) or use the
Microcom "JET2400" software utility to create an 400 file from your own collection of LaserJet
II™ compatible fonts. (Note: The "JET2400" program uses the Portrait or 0 degree source
rotation for both normal and rotated fonts.)
Downloadable font/graphic fields use the same structure as bit mapped fields. The only
difference is that the TCI must be 8 for downloadable fonts/graphics. The CGN refers to the
actual downloaded font/graphic to be used. (Note: Please refer to chapter 8 for a detailed
description of the file structure.)
The following is a list of commands referring to downloadable font/graphic functions.
^D
Command
^A
100
Clear User RAM: This command will clear all downloaded fonts, graphics, and
stored label formats.
XX
101
List Memory Bytes Available: The printer will send a < character followed by
the amount of bytes and finally a > character. (ie. >192680<)
106
Load Font/Graphic Image into User Memory: ^A select which slot to place the
font/image in (1-20).
400 Operators Manual
75
Downloadable Fonts/Graphics
76
Chapter 9
400 Operators Manual
CHAPTER 10: OPTIONS
The 400 printer has many options available to enhance the performance of the printer. Contact
your sales representative for more information on these features.
10.1 MICROCOM GRAPHICS CONVERSION UTILITIES
PCX2400.EXE
This PC software program decodes PCX files and converts them to the Microcom 400
format which can be stored in the 400 printer. It supports all 400 graphics features. See
chapter 4.5.3 and 6 for more information about printing graphic images.
10.2 MICROCOM DOWNLOADABLE FONT UTILITY
JET2400.EXE
This PC software program converts LaserJet II™ compatible fonts to the Microcom
format. Converted fonts may be stored in user RAM for future use. See chapter 9 for
more information on downloadable fonts. Please note that the battery backup option is
necessary to permanently store downloaded fonts.
10.3 WYSIWYG SOFTWARE PACKAGES
WYSIWYG Software packages offer a user friendly "What You See Is What You Get"
method of label design.
10.4 WINDOWS DRIVER
Printer drivers are available for Windows 95/98. Please contact Microcom Corporation
for more information.
10.5 CLEANING KIT
An approved cleaning kit is offered for the 400 printer. The printer should be cleaned
every two weeks, every 5,000 labels, or whenever label stock is replaced.
400 Operators Manual
77
APPENDIX A: WARRANTY AND REPAIR PROCEDURES
LIMITED WARRANTY
A Microcom cleaning kit must be purchased with each printer to validate warranty.
For a period of 12 months Microcom warrants its products against defects in materials and
workmanship.
The thermal print head is warranted for a period of three months or 500,000 linear inches to be
free from defects in material of workmanship. Determination of such print head failure shall be
determined by the print head manufacturer or Microcom.
Warranty will not apply to malfunctions arising from connection or interfacing to any other
equipment or to failures or malfunctions caused by operation in hostile environments or the
use of supplies, such as non-approved label stock and cleaning solutions.
Except for the express warranties stated above, seller disclaims all warranties on products
including all implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The
stated warranties and remedies are in lieu of all other warranties, obligations or liabilities on
the part of the seller for Any damages, including, but not limited to special, indirect or
consequential damages arising out of or in connection with the sale, use, or performance of
the products.
PRINTER REPAIR
In the event that your printer needs repaired, upgraded or reconfigured, please contact your
service provider. If Microcom Corporation is you service center, you will be issued an RMA
number. You will need to give a statement of the needed service. Please have the model
number, serial number, and printer firmware revision ready. Do not return the printer to
Microcom without first receiving an RMA number. The RMA number should appear on the
shipping carton.
Once an RMA number is secured, return the printer, freight and insurance prepaid.
To insure proper warranty coverage, please return the printer in it’s original shipping carton or
other protective packaging .
78
400 Operators Manual
APPENDIX B: LABEL SAMPLES
400 Operators Manual
79
APPENDIX C: SAMPLE BASIC PROGRAM
This Basic program produces labels for computer diskettes. It is intended to show the simplicity
that higher languages communicate with the 400 printer. Communication parameters may
need to be changed for some computers.
10 OPEN "COM1:9600,N,8,1,RS" AS #1
15 CLS
20 PRINT: PRINT: PRINT
30 INPUT"Disk Title: ",DT$
32 DT$ = LEFT$(DT$,30)
:REM Limit title to 30 characters
35 DT = LEN(DT$)
40 INPUT"Date: ",D$
45 D = LEN(D$)
47 INPUT"format: ",F$
48 F = LEN(F$)
50 INPUT"Disk Number: ",DN$
60 INPUT"Total Disks In Series: ",TD$
61 ND$ = DN$+" OF "TD$
62 ND = LEN(D$)
63 INPUT"Comment #1: ",C1$
64 C1$ = LEFT$(C1$,50)
:REM Limit comment to 50 characters
68 C1 = LEN(C1$)
66 INPUT"Comment #2: ",C2$
67 C2$ = LEFT$(C2$,50)
:REM Limit comment to 50 characters
68 C2 = LEN(C2$)
84 PRINT#1,"^A3^D97"
: REM Tag mode #3
85 PRINT#1,"^D57"
: REM format following
90 PRINT#1,"6"
: REM label header
95 PRINT#1,"1,150,5,";D;",1,6"
: REM fields
100 PRINT#1,"2,530,5,";ND;",1,6"
110 PRINT#1,"3,320,110,";DT;,1,13,,4"
115 PRINT#1,"4,50,5,";F;",1,6"
116 PRINT#1,"5,80,75,";C1;",1,10"
117 PRINT#1,"6,80,50,";C2;",1,10"
120 PRINT#1,"^D56^D2"
: REM select layout and
130 PRINT#1,D$
: REM send text data
140 PRINT#1,ND$
150 PRINT#1,DT$
155 PRINT#1,F$
156 PRINT#1,C1$
157 PRINT#1,C2$
160 PRINT#1,"^D3"
: REM print label
170 PRINT: PRINT: PRINT: INPUT"Another (Y/N)? ",YN$
180 IF (YN$ = "Y") OR (YN$ = "y") THEN 15
190 CLOSE
200 SYSTEM
80
400 Operators Manual
APPENDIX D: QUICK REFERENCE COMMAND SUMMARY
The following is a list of HEADER element mnemonics and their default values:
HFM, LSX, LSY, WEB, GAP, DPS, LCB, AGD, SPG, OFX, OFY
0, 832, 443, 10, 10, 48,
0,
1, 479,
0,
0
The following is a list of EMBEDDED FONT field mnemonics and their default values:
TSN, XB, YB, CC, TCI, CGN, FO, FJ, CMX, CMY, CS, TSP, AN
1, 0, 0, *,
1, **, 0, 0,
1,
1, *,
1, 0
The following is a list of DOWNLOADED FONT/GRAPHIC IMAGE field mnemonics and their
default values:
TSN, XB, YB, CC, TCI, CGN, FO, FJ, CMX, CMY, CS, TSP, AN
1, 1, 1, 1,
8,
1, 0, 0,
1,
1, 0,
1, 0
The following is a list of SQUARE LINE field mnemonics and their default values:
1, XB, YB,,6,,,, XS, YS,,,,, AN
1, 1, 1,,6,,,, 1, 1,,,,, 0
400 Operators Manual
81
Quick Reference Command Summary
Appendix D
The following is a combined list of all TCI (Text Conversion Identifier) numbers:
1
2
3
6
8
12
13
14
15
16
*17
20
21
*22
*23
24
25
26
*28
*29
*32
*33
36
40
41
42
43
44
50
51
82
Text
Text Surrounded by Asterisks (Code 3 of 9)
Text with UPC-A/UPC-E Checksum Digit Printed
Square Line/Box
Downloadable fonts/graphics
UPC-A Bar Code
UPC-E Bar Code (SEND 11 DIGITS)
UPC-E Bar Code (SEND 7 DIGITS)
Interleaved 2 of 5 Bar Code
Code 3 of 9 Bar Code
Text with UPC-E Checksum and Extended Bars Added
EAN-13 Bar Code
EAN-8 Bar Code
Text with EAN-13 Checksum and Extended Bars Added
Text with EAN-8 Checksum and Extended Bars Added
MSI 1 (Plessey)
MSI 2 (Plessey)
MSI 3 (Plessey)
Text with MSI Checksum Added - Type 1
Text with MSI Checksum Added - Type 2
Text with UPC-A Checksum and Extended Bars Added
Text with UPC-A With Extended Bars Added
Postnet
Code 128 Bar Code (Automatic Compression)
Code 128 Bar Code (No Compression)
Codabar Bar Code
Code 93 Bar Code
AS-10 Bar Code
EAN-128 Bar Code
Text with EAN-128 Information
400 Operators Manual
Appendix D
^A
Quick Reference Command Summary
^D
2
Command
Text string entry mode: Precedes the text strings that are supplied to the
various fields in the label (Equivalent to ^B).
3
Print Command: Prints a single label or starts the printing of a batch of labels.
(Equivalent to ^C)
5
Send Printer Status: (Equivalent to ^E)
11
Print a Test Label: (Equivalent to ^K)
12
Print a Blank Label: (Equivalent to ^L)
20
Change baud rate: An EEPROM command
110 Baud
50 Baud
300 Baud
600 Baud
1200 Baud
2400 Baud
4800 Baud
9600 Baud
19200 Baud
21
Change SW1: Software dip switch #1. An EEPROM command. Below is the
^AB sequence:
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.) 1=XON/XOFF Enable, 0=Disable
******.)) 1=8 Data Bits, 0=7 Data Bits
*****.))) 1=Echo Enable, 0=Disable
****.)))) 1=No Parity, 0=Enable Parity
***.))))) 1=Odd Parity, 0=Even Parity
**.)))))) 1=Ignore Control Codes, 0=Accept
*.)))))))))),
.)))))))))),* Enquiry Response
00 = Control Codes
10 = Text Equivalent
11 = ^ Equivalent
400 Operators Manual
83
Quick Reference Command Summary
22
Appendix D
Change SW2: Software dip switch #2. An EEPROM command.
Below is the ^AB sequence:
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.)))),
******.)))),*
*****.)))),**
*****
RRR Power-up Label Format
*****
000=ALWAYS EPROM Format 1
*****
001=ROM or Saved Format File 1
*****
010=ROM or Saved Format File 2
*****
011=ROM or Saved Format File 3
*****
100=ROM or Saved Format File 4
*****
101=ROM or Saved Format File 5
*****
110=ROM or Saved Format File 6
*****
111=ROM or Saved Format File 7
****.))))) 1=Use Saved Format File, 0=Rom Format
***.)))))) 1=Print Button Enable, 0=Disable
**.))))))) 1=Disable Button Use, 0=Enable
*.)))))))) 1=>RESTARTED< Response Enable, 0=Disable
.))))))))) 1=Clear Text Enable, 0=Disable
23
Change SW3: Software dip switch #3. An EEPROM command.
Below is the ^AB sequence:
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.
******.)
*****.))
****.)))
***.))))
**.)))))
**
*.))))))
.)))))))
84
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
1=Send Response After a Print
0=No Response After a Print
Always 0
1=Disable Extended ASCII, 0=Enable
400 Operators Manual
Appendix D
24
Quick Reference Command Summary
Change SW4: Software dip switch #4. An EEPROM command.
Below is the ^AB sequence.
12345678
^ABxxxxxxxx
*******.))
******.)))
*****.))))
****.)))))
***.))))))
**.)))))))
*.))))))))
.)))))))))
29
Printer Statistics:
Print statistics to serial port
Print statistics on a label
Clear the printed labels variable in the statistics
Clear the printed inches variable in the statistics
30
Change Clock: Use the sequence below to set the time and date of the
optional real-time clock:
^D30 (return)
HH:MM:SS (return)
DD/MM/YY/W (return)
31
Show Clock: This command will send the date and time to the serial port.
32
Reset Machine: Restores printer to power-up settings. Also used to set the
EEPROM fields in memory. Section 5.3.
33
Display Model and Revision Number.
35
Contrast Window Adjust:
60% of Base
70% of Base
80% of Base
90% of Base
Base (default)
110% of Base
120% of Base
130% of Base
140% of Base
36
Adjust Contrast Base: An EEPROM command. The ^AXX is between 10 and
200%. Section 5.3.
0
1
2
3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
XX
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
Always 0
1=Auto-size on Power-up, 0=Disable
1=Blow-hole Sensing Enable, 0=Disable
Always 0
Always 0
400 Operators Manual
85
Quick Reference Command Summary
Appendix D
39
Auto-Size Label: Section 5.3.3.
Clears the use of auto-size values set by ^A1^D39.
Uses the values obtained for the variables instead of what the user supplies in
the header of the format file.
Automatically sizes the label and displays on the screen the values for the size
variables.
Same as ^A2^D39, but prints the values on a label, instead of on the screen.
40
Clear Commands 41-51.
XX
41
Load number of fields in layout (HFM): Preceded by ^A.
XX
42
Load label width in dots (LXS): Preceded by ^A.
XX
43
Load label height in dots (LSY): Preceded by ^A.
XX
44
Load web size in dots (WEB): Preceded by ^A.
XX
45
Load gap size in dots (GAP): Preceded by ^A.
XX
46
Load print speed (DPS): Preceded by ^A.
XX
47
Load label control byte (LCB): Preceded by ^A.
XX
48
Load number of steps to activate gap detector (AGD): Preceded by ^A.
XX
49
Load number of steps past gap (SPG): Preceded by ^A.
XX
50
Load X direction offset (OFX): Preceded by ^A.
XX
51
Load Y direction offset (OFY): Preceded by ^A.
XX
54
Send Saved Format File to Serial Port: ^A selection which one (1-128).
Section 5.3.6.
XX
55
Select Default Label Layout: Select from the ROM power-up layouts. ^AXX
ranges from 1 to 8.
56
Select User Defined Layout: Signals to the printer the end of the label fields
and precedes the text fields in a format file.
57
Enter Label Format Mode: This tells the printer that information for a label is
following.
XX
58
Process Saved Format: ^A selects which one (1-128). Section 5.3.6.
XX
59
Save Format File: ^A selects which one (1-128). Section 5.3.6.
60
Clears command 61
0
1
2
3
86
400 Operators Manual
Appendix D
XX
Quick Reference Command Summary
61
Mark Text Starting Position: ^A designates which text field to start entering
new data. Section 5.3.8.
62
Pre-padded Text: This command is sent after text that is to appear at the
beginning of each field is sent.
63
Text Mode Control: Section 5.3.8.
Disable 1 & 2.
Enable auto-print mode
Clear all previous text upon receiving new data.
Enable 1 & 2.
64
Auto Print String Count: ^A tells the printer how many text strings to accept
before printing. Section 5.3.
70
Clear commands 71-76.
71
Disable Copies Function.
72
Enable Copies Function.
XX
73
Load copies count: Tells the printer to print a group of labels. Will not
increment serial numbers (use ^D75).
1
74
XX
75
XX
76
Infinity Print: Prints a batch of labels like ^D75 but will continue to print until the
machine is turned off.
Load Label Count: Tells the printer to print a batch of labels using the serial
number function if enabled.
Load Delay Time Between Labels: Preceded by ^A which contains the wait in
1/10ths of a second. Maximum value is 650.
0
1
2
3
XX
80
Clears Commands 86, 88, 89.
81
Disable Serial Number Function: Will disable either single or multiple serial
number commands.
XX
84
Load Text String Number to increment/decrement: Tells the printer which text
string number to increment or decrement. For single serial numbers. Section
5.3.8.
XX
85
Load increment/decrement step value: This is the value that the single serial
number is incremented or decremented.
86
Single Serial Number Status:
Disable increment and decrement.
Enable increment. The serial number will be incremented by the value from
^D85.
Enable Decrement. The serial number will be decremented by the value from
^D85.
0
1
2
400 Operators Manual
87
Quick Reference Command Summary
Appendix D
XX
87
Load Field Number to Clear Increment/Decrement
status: Clear the status of one or more serial numbers with this command.
XX
88
Load Field Number to Increment by 1: For multiple serial numbers.
XX
89
Load Field Number to Decrement by 1: For multiple serial numbers.
XX
91
Load Value for Printer to See Valid Gap. Section 5.3.
XX
92
Load Value for Slices to Process: This command adjusts the number of slices
generated before the drive motor starts moving. The default is 256 and the
valid range is 1 to 366.
93
Load Control Code Recognition Status:
Enable control code recognition.
Disable control code recognition.
XX
95
Load User Defined Steps for Label to Advance:
XX
96
Load Advance Delay: ^A specifies how many milliseconds to delay
repositioning of the label in tag/tear and peel-and-dispense modes.
0
1
88
400 Operators Manual
Appendix D
Quick Reference Command Summary
97
Tag/Tear Operation:
Turns off tag/tear operation.
Advance after every label.
Advance after copies count.
Advance when idle.
98
Peel-and-Dispense Mode: Section 2.1.2.
Turn off peel-and-dispense mode.
Turn on peel-and dispense mode.
100
Clear User RAM: This command will clear all downloaded fonts, graphics, and
stored label formats. See Section 5.3.8.
101
Send User RAM Available: The printer will send the number of free bytes to the
serial port (ie. >192480<).
0
1
2
3
0
1
400 Operators Manual
89
Index
^A 37, 40-52, 55-57, 61, 75, 83, 86-88
^B 37, 57, 83
^C 17, 18, 37, 83
^D 37, 39-52, 55-57, 61, 75, 83
^E 17, 18, 37, 38, 83
^H 38
^K 38, 45, 83
^L 38, 45, 83
^M 38
^Q 38
^S 38
Accumulator 37
Bar code 1, 17, 19, 26-28, 35, 57, 63-66, 70, 71, 82
Bar code Symbologies 1, 17, 28
Batch Mode 4, 8
Baud Rate 4, 9, 40, 83
Cable Pinout 15
Character Count 27, 30-32, 35
Character Generators 19
Character Multiplier X Direction 30, 32
Character Multiplier Y Direction 30, 32
Character Spacing 1, 30, 32, 59, 63-65
Cleaning Instructions 12
Cleaning Kit 12, 77, 78
Clear Text 42, 58, 84
Clock 5, 26, 30-32, 48, 49, 85
Contrast 3, 44, 70, 85
Control Codes 18, 37, 41, 57, 83
how to use 37
Default Label 86
Dip Switches
how to display 9
how to set 40
Electrical 5, 38
Emulation 17, 18
Enquiries 3, 38, 42
Environment 4
Escape 17, 52, 53
Field Justification 29, 32
Field Orientation 29, 32
Field Parameters 26, 36, 48, 70
Fixed Text 52
Flow Control 4, 10, 41
Form Feed 38, 45
Graphic Images 1, 59, 61, 77
Human Readables 71
Justification 29, 32
Label Control Byte 23, 86
90
400 Operators Manual
Index
Label Fields 26, 86
Label Header 18, 21, 22, 25, 46, 47, 80
Label Jams 3
Label Samples 79
Label Size X Direction 22
Label Size Y Direction 22
Offset 24, 59, 60, 86
Parallel 4, 5, 15, 16, 18, 41
Physical 4, 68
Power-Up 9, 39, 40, 42, 44, 46, 57, 84-86
Print Count 45
Print Head 1, 12, 13, 21, 35, 38, 45, 56, 70, 78
Print Width 3
Printing Commands 45
Repair 78
Reset 9, 39, 42, 85
Resolution 1, 3
Reverse Video 73
Revision Number 9, 85
Serial Number 9, 45, 50, 51, 67, 68, 78, 87
Serial Port 10, 15, 16, 41, 43, 49, 52, 53, 85, 86, 89
Speed 1, 3, 17, 19, 22, 23, 25, 44, 55, 70, 86
Status Label 9
Text Conversion Identifier 27, 31, 82
Text Starting Position 30, 32, 57, 87
Text String Number 26, 31, 50, 57, 87
Text Strings Commands 57
Variable Text 42, 52
VDD 39
Warranty 78
XOFF 4, 10, 15, 38, 41, 83
XON 4, 15, 38, 41, 83
Y Beginning Coordinate 26, 31, 33
Y Direction Offset 24, 86
400 Operators Manual
91
Notes
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400 Operators Manual
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