Samsung | 73V | User manual | Samsung 73V User manual

UNIVERSITY OF LJUBLJANA - FACULTY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
LAKOS - Laboratory for Technical Cybernetics, Manufacturing Systems and Computer
Technology
3D CNC-ENGRAVING MACHINE
Lakos 150
USER MANUAL
Produced and assembled by
LAKOS – Laboratory for Control, Manufacturing Systems and Computer Technology
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ljubljana
Aškerčeva 6
SI-1000 LJUBLJANA
Phone +386 1 4771 200
Fax + 386 1 2518 567
e-mail lakos@fs.uni-lj.si
Technical specifications are subjected to change without notice.
2
Table of contents
1
Machine description, connection and start-up procedure ................................................................................... 4
1.1
Machine description .................................................................................................................................................. 4
1.2
Connection board....................................................................................................................................................... 5
1.3
Assembly instruction ................................................................................................................................................. 5
1.4
Start-up procedure ..................................................................................................................................................... 6
2
Device control .......................................................................................................................................................... 8
2.1
User interface............................................................................................................................................................. 8
2.2
Coordinate table manipulation ................................................................................................................................... 9
2.2.1
Manual mode [F3] ............................................................................................................................................... 9
2.2.2
MDI mode [F5] .................................................................................................................................................. 10
2.3
Reference point ........................................................................................................................................................ 10
2.4
Offsets...................................................................................................................................................................... 11
2.5
Operating programs ................................................................................................................................................. 12
3
Programming ......................................................................................................................................................... 13
3.1
List of shortcuts ....................................................................................................................................................... 13
3.2
Common commands list .......................................................................................................................................... 13
3.2.1
G codes ............................................................................................................................................................... 13
3.2.2
M codes ............................................................................................................................................................... 14
3.2.3
Other codes ......................................................................................................................................................... 14
3.3
Basic codes .............................................................................................................................................................. 14
3.4
Program examples ................................................................................................................................................... 15
4
LAKOS 150 engraver specification ...................................................................................................................... 17
5
Safety and maintenance ........................................................................................................................................ 18
6
Sources .................................................................................................................................................................... 20
7
Appendix ................................................................................................................................................................ 21
7.1
Electrical schemes ................................................................................................................................................... 21
7.1.1
Charging scheme ................................................................................................................................................ 21
7.1.2
Driver scheme ..................................................................................................................................................... 22
7.1.3
Gecko interface scheme ...................................................................................................................................... 23
List of Parts – Lakos EAC ............................................................................................... 24
Unpacking – Lakos EAC ................................................................................................. 25
3
1 Machine description, connection and start-up procedure
1.1
Machine description
Lakos 150 is 3-axes milling machine enabling milling, engraving and drilling. Movement is
achieved by three stepper motors, controlled by an interface. The machine positional
resolution is 0,05 mm. The cutting process is performed by an serial engraver with the
rotational speed range up to 20000 rpm. However, machine features enable usage of a
professional spindle. The machine emergency stop button is positioned at the machine
front. The machine kit is composed of: a) machine, b) power controller (LPT interface), c)
Ubuntu Linux based computer with EMC 2 software.
Figure 1: LAKOS 150 schematics
4
1.2
Connection board
Figure 2: Connection board at the rear side of the LPT interface
1
MCHN – 9-pin male serial connector connects LPT interface (power controller) and
machine
2
PC – 25 pin female parallel connector connects LPT interface and EMC – CNC
controller (personal computer)
3
X-axis stepper motor connector
4
Y-axis stepper motor connector
5
Z-axis stepper motor connector
6
Power supply switch
7
Power source connector
8
Fuses
9
Spindle power supply
10 Additional power supply (e.g. vacuum cleaner)
1.3
Assembly instruction

Prepare machine for operation (screw legs) and put it on a flat surface. If
necessary, adjust legs so as the machine table is in the horizontal position.

Prepare the EMC-CNC controller – PC computer for operation. Connect the mouse,
the keyboard and the monitor (NEC).

Connect the machine and the LPT interface (power controller)

motor cables to appropriate connectors (connect each motor axis to its connector!);

connect the serial cable to the machine (positioned at the machine vertical pillar
rear Fig. 3) and to the LPT connection board;

connect spindle power cable to the power source on the connection board.
5

Connect the EMC-CNC controller (PC) and LPT interface with the parallel cable.

Connect power supply where necessary

Do not switch power on until all appliances are interconnected
Figure 3: Connection board at the machine pillar rear (the serial female connector is for
LPT-interface, the parallel male connector is for future use).
Figure 4: LPT-interface, front panel (On-green button, Off-red button)
1.4
Start-up procedure

Turn on the PC and wait for Ubuntu Linux to boot, then log in. Switch on the LPT
interface by pressing the green button on the LPT interface box front panel (Fig 4).
(The power supply switch on the connector board must be on–(I).)

The desktop shows the „EMC2‟ icon, which starts the machine guidance program –
EMC2Axis. when double-clicked.

The device is in E-stop mode in this set-up stage (see status bar). This means the
engraver is disabled. If the “EMERGENCY STOP” button on the engraver carrier is
turned on, it must first be turned off by rotating the button.
6

By pressing the E-stop button (
), the e-stop mode is turned off (keyboard
shortcut: F1). Pressing the „Device On‟ (
for use (keyboard shortcut: F2).
) button on the right prepares the device
WARNING: E-STOP button puts the machine in E-stop mode, however, in case of
emergency the Emergency Stop button at the machine front should be used.
Prior to operating, the device must be set to a starter position. Chapter 2.3 shows
how this is achieved.
7
2 Device control
2.1
User interface
EMC2 allows usage of three graphical user interfaces (GUI) types, namely AXIS, TkEMC,
and MINI. Fig. 5 displays the AXIS interface, which is invoked by default. All GUIs have
similar functionalities. To switch between them, the DISPLAY command in the .ini file
should be set to:



DISPLAY = axis
DISPLAY = tkemc
DISPLAY = mini
to use the AXIS interface
to use the TkEMC interface
to use the MINI interface
Figure 5: Graphical user interface window (AXIS)
8
Command line buttons of the AXIS GUI (from left to right):
















2.2
E-Stop on/ off
Device On/Off
File open
Reload file
Run program
Run next program line
Temporarily stop program (Pause)
Abort program
Zoom In
Zoom Out
Z-axis view
Z-axis rotated view
X-axis view
Y-axis view
Perspective view
Erase previous moves from screen
Coordinate table manipulation
The GUI window shows actual position in all axes, which are also numerically represented
in the upper left-hand corner of the same window.
There are two possible modes of operation.
 Manual [F3]
 MDI (Manual Data Input) [F5]
accessible by clicking appropriate tabs or pressing function keys.
The velocity of movement along each axis may be adjusted using the Feed Override scroll
positioned by the left-hand side of the user interface.
2.2.1 Manual mode [F3]
When manual mode is selected, the table may be moved using the following keys:
Axis
+ direction
- direction
x
→
←
y
↑
↓
z
PgUp
PgDn
The desired axis is selected by clicking the appropriate button or choosing the X, Y and Z
shortcuts on the keyboard.
9
To achieve an incremental jog instead of continuous motion, the drop-down menu under
“Home All” is used. Possible settings include continuous, 1.0000, 0.1000, 0.0100, 0.0010,
0.0001. The incremental jog units are millimetres.
The spindle can be still or rotating. To switch between these modes, use “Stop” or
.
Prior to operation, the engraver must be switched on. The rotational speed of the engraver
is set up by using a button on the engraver itself.
The Manual mode also allows running NC programs (chapter 2.5).
2.2.2 MDI mode [F5]
When the MDI tab is selected, the commands are entered in the MDI command line,
located on the left-hand side, under the History panel. Commands are entered in NC code
format and are executed by pressing <Enter>. Most of the shortcut keys cannot be used
as such in MDI mode, thus allowing their use for coding. The GUI change is shown in Fig.
6.
The currently active G, M, F and S codes are shown under the MDI command line.
Example: G00 G17 G40 G21 G90 G94 G54 G49 G99 G64 M5 M9 M48 F0 S0
G80
G17
G40
G21
G90
G94
G54
G49
G99
G64
M5
M9
M48
F490
S0
rapid positioning
XY-plane selection
cancel cutter radius correction
millimeter system selection
absolute distance mode
units per minute feed rate mode
use preset work coordinate system
cancel tool length offset
R-point level return in canned cycles
set path control mode - continuous
stop spindle turning
mist and flood coolant off
enable speed and feed overrides
feed rate, i.e. 490 mm/min
spindle speed
G00 in the above example implies choice of rapid positioning. If coordinates are written in
the MDI line, rapid positioning to this point is executed.
NOTE: Some of the above functions are inactive in Lakos 150. Also, spindle speed is set
directly by the engraver button, thus making the S function obsolete.
2.3
Reference point
All axes of the engraver should be set to the reference position before operation start. In
the Manual mode, this is achieved by clicking the „Home All‟ button (or by pressing
<Ctrl><Home> on the keyboard).
10
2.4
Offsets
Offsets are used to synchronise the tool and a work-piece coordinate system. For
example, offsets can be used to avoid defining a reference point during programming. The
device can be moved to an arbitrary point, which is then set as an actual coordinate
system. Click of the „Touch Off‟ button (keyboard shortcut < End>) opens a window, which
may be used to set up the tool offset on the active axis in reference to the program.
Figure 6: GUI set-up for MDI mode
Formulas calculated by the program can be used instead of numerals as well. Formulas
should not contain any variables (Example: sqrt[2]/2=0.707107).
The „Override Limits‟ command allows the program to momentarily override the
boundaries defined within the .ini file.
11
2.5
Operating programs
The program file types used for operating the device should be ngc and nc
(program_name.nc). G code in use is defined in RS274. Program can be prepared in any
text editor considering file extension. The program execution in Axis GUI is possible in
Manual Mode and in TkEMC GUI in Auto Mode.
To open a program any of following possibilities a) „Open‟ button, b) the File>Open
dropdown menu, or c) the O key on the keyboard can be used .
To run the program either click „Run‟ or press the R key on the keyboard.
To pause the program execution, press P. To resume program execution, press S. To
abort program execution press the „Abort‟ button or the Esc key on the keyboard.
The editor is used for program editing. The quickest way to run a newly edited program is
using the File>Save And Reload command in the editor. The editor also allows the
selection of the starting point of the program by using the „Set Run Mark‟ button when the
cursor is at a line which we wish the program to start from.
12
3 Programming
3.1
List of shortcuts
<Esc>
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
X
Y
Z
→/←
↑/↓
PgUp/PgDn
Home
End
C
I
#
O
R
P
S
A
V
Stop execution
Change of ESTOP mode
On/Off switch
Manual mode
Auto mode
MDI mode
X axis selection
Y axis selection
Z axis selection
(direction keys) – moves along the X axis in the +/– direction
(direction keys) – moves along the Y axis in the +/– direction
moves along the Z axis in the +/– direction
reference point set-up in the selected axis
reference point value change in the selected axis
continuous jog
incremental jog selection and value switch
absolute/relative coordinate
Program open
Program run
Pause execution
Resume execution
Single program line execution
View switch
MDI mode suspends all shortcuts with the exception of the F1-F5 shortcuts.
3.2
Common commands list
3.2.1 G codes
G0 X Y Z
G1 X Y Z F
G2 X Y Z I J
G3 X Y Z I J
G4 P(#)
G10 L2 P(#) X Y Z
G17
G18
G19
G54, G55, G56, G57,
G58, G59, G59.1,
G59.2, G59.3
Rapid positioning to X, Y, Z
Linear interpolation to X, Y, Z by feed rate F
Clockwise circular interpolation to X, Y, Z, with arc centre in I, J
Counterclockwise circular interpolation to X, Y, Z, with arc
centre in I, J
Dwell for period of P seconds
Coordinate system setup
XY plane selection
XZ plane selection
YZ plane selection
Offset/coordinate system selection
13
G90
G91
absolute distance mode
incremental distance mode
3.2.2 M codes
M0
M2
M30
program stop (resumed by clicking Resume
program end
program end and reset
3.2.3 Other codes
F
feed rate
3.3
Basic codes

G0 – rapid positioning
G0 X5 Y10 Z20.5– moves tool from current position to X=5, Y=10 and Z=20.5.

G1 – linear interpolation
G1 X10 Y15 F60 – linear interpolation (cutting movement) to point X=10, Y=15. Definition
of feed rate is necessary, in this case 60 mm/min.

G2 – clockwise circular interpolation
G1 X0 Y10 F20 – linearly interpolated movement to X=0, Y=10 with feed rate 20 mm/min..
G2 X10 Y0 I0 J-10 – circular clockwise interpolation from current point (X=0, Y=10) to X10
Y0 with the arc centre in X0, Y0, which is defined relatively from the current position by I=0
in x and J=-10in y direction. The last known feed rate is assumed (F20).
Yet another possibility:
G1 X0 Y10 F20
G2 X10 Y0 R10
where the arc is defined with its radius R10.

G3 – counterclockwise circular interpolation
G3 is used exactly as G2, the only difference being interpolation direction.

G4 - dwell
G4 P4 – stops for 4 seconds.

G10 – coordinate setting
G10 L2 P1 x 3.5 y 17.2 sets the origin of the first coordinate system (the one selected by
G54) to a point where X is 3.5 and Y is 17.2 (in absolute coordinates). The Z coordinate of
the origin (and the coordinates for any rotational axes) are whatever those coordinates of
the origin were efore the line was executed.
14

Usage of variables
#120=100 – sets the value of variable #120 to 100
G0 X10 Y10 Z10 F#120 – rapid movement to point X10, Y10, Z10, federate being 100
mm/min, defined by the variable #120.
3.4
Program examples
NC programs have the .ngc or .nc file extension. The usual program line is composed of
the starting line mark and the consecutive commands.
Example 1:
N00
N05 g57
N10 g0 x0 y0 z10
N15 g0 z1
N20 g1 z-0.3 f60
N25 g1 x10
N30 g1 y6
N35 g1 x0
N40 g1 y0
N45 g0 z10
N50 g0 y50 z50
N55 m30
Example 2:
(Engraving a 10x6 rectangle)
(selection of the coordinate system)
(rapid positioning to x0 y0 z10)
(rapid positioning to z, no change in x, y)
(cutting movement to z-0.3, feed rate 60)
(cutting movement to x10)
(cutting movement to y6)
(cutting movement to x0)
(cutting movement to y0)
(rapid positioning to z10)
(rapid positioning to y50 z50)
(program end and reset)
The program below produces a contour illustrated in Fig. 7.
g54 g17
g0 z15
x20 y30
g1 z-1 f300
x50 y90
x80 y30
x10 y70
x90
x20 y30
g3 x80 r60
g2 x20 r31
g0 z15
x-10 y-10
m30
(selection of a coordinate system, selection of xy-plane)
(rapid positioning to z15)
(rapid positioning to x20 y30)
(linear interpolation to z-1, feed rate 300 mm/min)
(linear interpolation to x50 y90)
(linear interpolation to x80 y30)
(linear interpolation to x10 y70)
(linear interpolation to x90)
(linear interpolation to x20 y30)
(counterclockwise circular interpolation to x80 and radius 60)
(clockwise circular interpolation to x20 and radius 31)
(rapid movement to z15)
(rapid movement to x-10 and y-10)
(program end and reset)
15
Figure 7: Program 2 contour
16
4 LAKOS 150 engraver specification
Dimensions
 Length
 Width
 Height
655 mm
440 mm
850 mm
Working area, maximum travel length along each axis:
 X – 205 mm
 Y – 177 mm
 Z – 130 mm
Feed rate from 0 to 600 mm/min.
3D linear interpolation
Circular interpolation in three main planes: XY, XZ, YZ (G17, G18, G19)
Length compensation (G43, G49)
Driven by stepper motors and 5mm ball-screw spindles
Positioning resolution: 0.05mm.
Electrical engraver PROXXON– max. 20000 RPM; 100W
Grip diameter 0.8 mm, 1.6 mm, 2.4 mm, 3.2 mm
17
5 Safety and maintenance
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
POSSIBLE DANGERS

Rotating parts of the machine can injure the operator.

Sharp and hot chips can cut or burn the operator or injure eyes.

Unorganised and under illuminated working area may hinder efficient work.

Untrained and unwise handling.
BEFORE WORK

Only trained and authorized personnel should operate the machine.

Unauthorized personnel and individuals under influence of alcohol, drugs, specific
medicines or are in specific psychical condition are not allowed to operate the
machine.

Operating personnel should wear protective overall.

Long hair should be tied back and covered appropriately.

Wear protective gear and aids (safety goggles, gloves)

Keep the machine and working area clean, sufficiently illuminate the working area

Use only appropriate fixturing aids to fix a work-piece

Removing protective gear from the machine is strictly prohibited even in case of
intended improvements

Make sure that nobody is obstructed or endangered with your actions

Surrounding environment should be clean, settled and illuminated, tools and
products should be disposed where appointed to.

Working areas designated by yellow line are intended exclusively for operators.

It may be dangerous to hold back in such area.
DURING WORK

Do not leave machine in operation unattended

Keep away from rotating tools, even when stopping.

Do not remove any parts when machine is in operation.

Do not lean over the rotating parts of the machine, do not touch them, or do not try
to measure them

Do not remove chips by hand or by blowing out. Use appropriate tools.

Never clean or fix machine in operation.

In case of any uncertainty consult your superior
18
AFTER WORK

Inspect the tool and remove it from engraver

Clean the engraver and its environment.

Press the off switch on the LPT interface. Shut-down the computer.

Turn off the mains switch on the connection board.
19
6 Sources
EMC2: V2.1 User handbook, 2007 (25 February 2007), www.linuxcnc.org
http://www.linuxcnc.org/docs/EMC2_User_Manual.pdf
20
7 Appendix
7.1
Electrical schemes
7.1.1 Charging scheme
This scheme shows the electrical power supply and its distribution through the LPT
interface.
Figure 8: Power supply distribution
21
7.1.2 Driver scheme
The driver scheme describes the gecko interfaces connection to the stepper motors. The
connection cable is included in the bottom of the schematic.
Figure 9: Driver scheme
22
7.1.3 Gecko interface scheme
The Gecko interface scheme shows the connection of the Gecko, emergency and home
switches a port receiving signals from the EMC2 interface.
Figure 10: Gecko interface schematic
23
List of parts – LAKOS EAC
Description:
 Lakos 150G 3D CNC engraving machine
o Motor cable-ropes attached
o Legs (2 pc. short – machine rear side, 1 pc. Long – machine front side)
 Proxon toolkit
o Additional tools:
 Milling HM φ3 mm
 Milling HM φ2,5 mm
 Milling HM φ2 mm
 Power controller
o Cables included:
 RS232 (DB9)
 Parallel (DB25)
 Power
 Controller computer (Pentium Dual Core E2140)
o OS: Ubuntu Linux 6.06 with EMC2 installed
o LC POWER LC 2019MB
o GIGABYTE GA-G31MX-S2
o Intel Pentium Dual Core E2140
o Patriot 512MB PC2-5300
o GIGABYTE 7100GS 64MB
o HDD: Samsung WD800AAJS
o DVDRW: Samsung SH-S203 BEBN
o Logitech keyboard Internet PRO 350
o Logitech mouse RX300 black
o Power cable
o Driver installation CDs
 Monitor NEC ACCUSYNC 73V 17''
o Power cable
 Computer HP dx2300
o OS: Windows XP SP2 ENG preinstalled - Installation partition on HDD
o Intel Celeron D 420 (1.60GHz, 512KB L2 cache)
o 512MB DDR2 PC5300
o HDD: 160GB Serial ATA 3.0Gb/s
o DVDRW: SATA DVD+/-RW (LS/DL/DF)
o Intel Graphics Media Accelerator 3000
o Logitech keyboard Internet PRO 350
o Logitech mouse RX300 black
o Power cable
 Monitor Neovo KB19 LCD 19''
o Power cable
 USB camera Logitech Quickcam PRO 9000
24
Pieces
2
2
2
2
2
4
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
Unpacking – LAKOS EAC
1. Remove all computers, keyboards, mice, tools, cameras, and controllers.
2. Remove package side covers.
3. Both machines are fixed on the pallet: The machine front is screwed on a wooden holder by
two M10 screws from the bottom. The rear side is fixed by two metal plates.
4. Unscrew the metal plates on the rear side.
5. Unscrew 2x4 +1 screws of the wooden holder fixing the machine front side.
6. This gives the access to the two M10 screws in the bottom, which must be also removed.
7. Screw on the three legs as indicated in Fig. 1.
25
Download PDF