Miller Electric | AUTO ARC MWG 160B | Specifications | Miller Electric AUTO ARC MWG 160B Specifications

AUTO ARC)~
March 1991
FORM: OM-121 989B
E ffectlve With Serial No
.
JK716660
MODEL: BENCHMARKTM
BENCHMARKTM Pro
MWG-160 Gun
AUTOARC 70
AUTO ARC 90
OWN!ERJS MANUAL
IMPORTANT: Read and understand the entire contents of this manual, with
special emphasis on the safety material throughout the manual, before
maintaining this equipment. This unit and these
only by persons trained and experienced in the safe
operation of welding equipment. Do not allow untrained persons to install,
operate, or maintain this unit Contact your distributor if you do not fully
installing, operating,
instructions
are
for
or
use
MILLER ELECTRIC
Mfg.
Co.
AMilIe,GroupLtd. ComQany
p~ Box 1079
Appleton,
WI
54912 USA
Tel. 414.734-9821
understand these instructions.
SA-1~
485
PRI~TEO iN U.S.A
~1~
I
L~
LIMITED WARRANTY
EFFECTIVE: AUGUST 6, 1990
This warranty supersedes all previous MILLER warranties and is exclusive with
no
other
guarantees
or
warranties
expressed
or
implied.
LIMITED WARRANTY
Subject to the terms and conditions
hereof. MILLER Electric Mfg. Co.. Appleton. Wisconsin war
rants to its Distributor/Dealer that all new and unused
Equipment furnished by MILLER is free from defect in
In the case of MILLERs breach of warranty or any other duty
with respect to the quality of any goods, the exclusive remedies
therefore shall be. at MILLERs option (1) repair or (2) replace
ment or. where authorized in writing by MILLER in appropriate
workmanship and material as of the time and place of delivery
by MILLER. No warranty is made by MILLER with respect to
engines, trade accessories or other items manufactured by
cases.
others. Such engines, trade accessories and other items are
sold subject to the warranties of their respective manufacturers.
engines are warrantied by their manufacturer for two
years from date of original purchase. except Deutz engines
which have a one year. 2000 hour warranty.
if any. All
Except as specified below, MILLERs warranty does not apply
components having normal useful life of less than one (1)
year. such as spot welder tips, relay and contactor points.
(3) the reasonable cost of repair or replacement at an
authorized MILLER service station or (4) payment of or credit
for the purchase price (less reasonable depreciation based
upon actual use) upon return of the goods at Customers risk
and expense. MILLERs option of repair or replacement will be
FOB.. Factory at Appleton. Wisconsin. or FOB. at a MILLER
authorized service facility, therefore, no compensation for
transportation costs of any kind will be allowed. Upon receipt of
notice of apparent defect or failure. MILLER shall instruct the
claimant
on
the
warranty claim procedures
to be tollowed.
to
MILLERMATIC parts that
including
come in contact
with the
welding
wire
nozzles and nozzle insulators where failure does not
result from defect in
workmanship
or
material.
MILLER shall be required to honor warranty claims on war
Equipment in the event of failure resulting from a defect
within the following periods from the date of delivery of
ranted
Equipment
to the
original
user:
2.
Arc welders, power
components
Load banks
3.
Onginal
4.
All
5.
All other MILLERMATIC Feeders
6.
Replacement
7.
Batteries
1
main
sources,
robots, and
1 year
1 year
3 years
power rectifiers
1 year only)
welding guns. feeder/guns
ANY EXPRESS WARRANTY NOT PROVIDED HEREIN
AND ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY. GUARANTY OR REPRE
SENTATION AS TO PERFORMANCE. AND ANY REMEDY
FOR BREACH OF~CONTRACT WHICH. BUT FOR THIS
PROVISION, MIGHT ARISE BY IMPLICATION. OPERATION
OF LAW. CUSTOM OF TRADE OR COURSE OF DEALING.
INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHAN
TABILITY OR OF F!TNESS FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
EQUIPMENT
AND
ANY
ALL
TO
WITH
RESPECT
FURNISHED BY MILLER IS EXCLUDED AND DISCLAIMED
BY MILLER.
(labor
or
As
a matter
_1
I
by
.
90
days
1 year
repair parts. exclusive
of labor
60
days
6 months
provioed that MILLER is notified in
of the date of such failure.
submitted
and torches
of
writing within thirty (30) days
general policy only, MILLER
the
original
user
within the
may honor claims
foregoing periods.
EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY PROVIDED BY MILLER IN
WRITING. MILLER PRODUCTS .ARE INTENDED FOR
ULTIMATE PURCHASE BY COMMERCIALINDUSTRIAL
USERS AND FOR OPERATION BY, PERSONS TRAINED
AND EXPERIENCED IN THE USE AND MAINTENANCE OF
WELDING EQUIPMENT AND NOT FOR CONSUMERS OR
WARRANTIES DO NOT
CONSUMER USE. MILLERS
EXTEND TO. AND NO RESELLER IS AUTHORIZED TO
EXTEND MILLERS WARRANTIES TO. ANY CONSUMER.
OU-121 98983/90
RECEIVING-HANDLING
Before unpacking equipment, check carton for any damage that may have occurred during shipment. File any
claims for loss or damage with the delivering carrier.
Assistance for filing or settling claims may be obtained
from the distributor and/or the equipment manufacturers Transportation Department.
Use the following spaces to record the Model Designa
tion and Serial or Style Number of your unit. The infor
mation is located on the data card or the nameplate.
Model
______________________________
Senal
When requesting information about this equipment, al
ways provide the Model Description and Serial or Style
Number.
or
Style
No.
____________________
Date of Purchase
____________________
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Section No.
SECTION 1
RULES FOR OPERATION
SAFETY
OF ARC WELDING POWER SOURCE
1-1.
lntmduction
1
1-2.
General Precautions
1
1-3.
Arc
1-4.
Standards Booklet Index
Welding
5
SECTION 2- SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND SIGNAL WORDS
2-1.
General Information And
2-2.
Safety
SECTION 3
3-1.
3-2.
3-3.
3-4.
3-5.
3-6.
3-7.
Alert
Symbol
And
Safety
Signal Words
6
6
SPECIFICATIONS
Volt-ampere Curves
Duty Cycle
Description
Supplied Equipment
Personal Safety Equipment
Additional Required Equipment
Consumable/Replacement Parts
SECTION 4INSTALLATION
8
8
9
9
9
9
10
OR RELOCATION
4-1.
Locate The Welder
10
4-2.
Install The
10
4-4.
WorkClamp
Set The Welding Polarity
lnstall The Welding Gun
4-5.
Install And Thread The Wire
11
4-6.
Adjust The Hub Tension
12
4-7.
Shielding
13
4-8.
Connect To Power
14
4-9.
Feed The Wire .~
14
4-3.
Gas Installation
No.
11
11
Page
Section No.
SECTION 5
OPERATOR CONTROLS
5-1.
Power Switch
15
5-2.
ThicknessNolts Switch
15
5-3.
Fine
SECTION 6
OPERATION
6-2.
Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)
6-3.
Shutting
6-1.
15
Tuning/Wire Speed Control
16
17
17
Down
SECTION 7- MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
7-1.
Routine Maintenance
19
7-2.
19
7-11.
Drive Roll Cleaning
Welding Gun Inspection And Maintenance
Replacing The Drive Roll
Replacing The Pressure Bearing
Replacing The Wire Inlet Guide
Short Circuit Shutdown (90 Ampere Models Only)
Circuit Board Replacement(90 Ampere Models Only)
Replacing The Contact Tube
Gun Wire And Uner Replacement
Fuse Fl (70 Ampere Models Only)
7-12.
Thermal Overload Protection
23
7-13.
Troubleshooting
23
7-3.
7-4.
7-5.
7-6.
7-7.
7-8.
7-9.
7-10.
19
20
20
21
21
21
22
22
23
SECTION 8- ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS
Diagram
Diagram
Diagram
Circuit
8-2.
Circuit
8-3.
Circuit
And Bumback Control Board PCI
Diagram 8-4.
Diagram 8-5.
SECTION 9
Diagram For 70 Ampere Models
Diagram For 90 Ampere Models
Diagram For 90 Ampere Model Short
8-1.
Winng Diagram For
Wiring Diagram For
25
25
Circuit
26
27
70
Ampere Models
90 Ampere Models
28
PROJECT INSTRUCTIONS
9-1.
Overview
29
9-2.
Dust Pan
30
9-3.
Shop Stool
Adjustable Support/Stand
Trailer Dolly
31
9-4.
9-5.
SECTION 10
10-1.
10-2.
SECTION 11
11-1.
11-2.
11-3.
11-4.
11-5.
11-6.
32
33
WELDING TECHNIQUES & TROUBLESHOOTING
Welding (GMAW) Continuous Seam
Troubleshooting The Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
34
Gas Metal Arc
Process
35
AUTO BODY REPAIR APPLICATION
Pointers For
39
Procedure For
39
Welding Auto Body Sheet Metal
Welding Mild Steels
Procedures For Welding Door Panels
How To Prevent Glass Breakage And Spatter On Windows
Procedures For Welding Fenders And Quarter Panels
Welding Frames And High Strength (HSS) Steels
39
40
40
40
No.
Section No.
SECTION 12
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Page
PARTS LIST
12-1.
Main Assembly
(Bench Pro Illustrated)
42
12-2.
Circuit Card, Shutdown/Bumback PCi
45
12-3.
Drive
12-4.
Assembly, Wire (Benchmark
Exploded View Of MWG-1 608
Pro
Illustrated)
46
48
LIST OF CHARTS AND TABLES
7
Chart 3-2.
Specifications
Vo~-Ampere Curves
Duty Cycle
Table 4-1.
Maximum Allowable Extension Cord
Table 6-1.
Table 6-2.
Suggested Welding Settings
Suggested Welding Settings
Table 7-1.
Maintenance Schedule
19
Table 7-2.
Troubleshooting
24
Table 9-1.
Dust Pan Material List
30
Table 3-1.
Chart 3-1.
Table 9-2.
Table 9-3.
Table 9-4.
8
8
Lengths
14
Ampere Models
For 90 Ampere Models
17
For 70
31
Stool Material List
Shop
Adjustable Support/Stand
Trailer Dolly Material List
18
Material List
32
33
No.
SECTION 1
SAFETY RULES FOR OPERATION OF ARC WELDING POWER SOURCE
INTRODUCTION
1-1.
from radiant energy and
We learn
glass
sonal
Avoid
by experience. Learning safety through per
experience, like a child touching a hot stove is
harmful, wasteful, and unwise. Let the experience of oth
ers teach
you.
when broken,
oily
or
pitted,
flying metal. Replace cover
or spattered. See 1 -3A.2.
greasy clothing. A spark may
Hot metal such as electrode stubs and
should never be handled without gloves.
ignite
them.
workpleces
Safe practices developed from experience in the use of
welding and cutting are described in this manual. Re
search, development, and field experience have
evolved reliable equipment and safe installation, opera
tion, and servicing practices. Accidents occur when
equipment is improperiy used or maintained. The rea
son for the safe practices may not always be given.
Some are based on common sense, others may require
technical volumes to explain. It is wiser to follow the
Medical first aid and eye treatment. First aid facilities and
qualified first aid person should be available for each
shift unless medical facilities are close by for immediate
treatment of flash bums of the eyes and skin burns.
rules.
sons
Read and understand these safe practices before at
to install, operate, or service the equipment.
Comply with these procedures as applicable to the par
ticular equipment used and their instruction manuals, for
B.
tempting
personal safety and for the safety of others.
Failure to observe these safe practices may cause seri
injury or death. When safety becomes a habit, the
equipment can be used with confidence.
a
Ear plugs should be
worn
when working
on
overhead or
in a confined space. A hard hat should be worn when
others work overhead.
Flammable hair preparations should not be used
intending to weld or cut.
by per
Toxic Fume Prevention
Severe discomfort, illness or death can result from
fumes, vapors, heat, or oxygen enrichment or depletion
that welding (or cutting) may produce. Prevent them with
adequate ventilation as described in ANSI Standard
Z49.1 listed in Standards Index. NEVER ventilate with
ous
oxygen.
These safe practices are divided into two Sections:
1-General Precautions, common to arc welding and cut
Lead -, cadimum -, zinc-, mercury-, and beryllium-bear
ing and similar matenals, when welded (or cut) may pro
duce harmful concentrations of toxic fumes. Adequate
local exhaust ventilation must be used, or each person in
ting;
and 2-Arc
Welding (and Cutting) (only).
Reference standards: Published Standards on safety
are also available for additional and more complete pro
cedures than those given in this manual. They are listed
in the Standards Index in this manual. ANSI Z49.1 is the
most
complete.
the area as well
as
plied respirator.
For
the operator must wear an air-sup
beryllium, both must be used.
Metals coated with or containing materials that emittoxic
fumes should not be heated unless coating is removed
from the work surface, the area is well ventilated and, if
necessary, while wearing
The National Electrical Code, Occupational Safety and
Health Administration, local industrial codes, and local
inspection requirements
also
provide
ment
installation, use, and service.
1-2.
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS
Different
arc
a
basis for
equip
weldIng processes, electrode alloys,
produce dIfferent fumes, gases, and
and fluxes can
radiatIon levels. In addItion to the informatIon in this
manual, be sure to consult flux and electrode manu
facturers Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) for
specific technical data and precautIonary measures
concerning their material.
A.
Burn Prevention
protective clothing-gauntlet gloves designed for
welding, hat, and high safety-toe shoes. Button
shirt collar and pocket flaps, and wear cuff less trousers
to avoid entry of sparks and slag.
use in
Wear helmet with safety goggles and glasses with side
shields underneath, appropriate filter lenses or plates
(protected by clear cover glass). This is a MUST for
welding
or
cutting, (and chipping)
to
protect the eyes
air-supplied respirator.
tor.
Gas leaks in a confined space should be avoided.
Leaked gas in large quantities can change oxygen con
centration dangerously. Do not bring gas cylinders into a
confined space.
Leaving
to
confined space, shut OFF gas
supply
at source
prevent possible accumulation of gases in the space if
downstream valves have been accidentaiiy opened or
left open. Check to be sure that the space is safe before
re-entering it.
Vapors
Wear
an
Work in a confined space only while it is being ventilated
and, if necessary, while wearing an air-supplied respira
from chlorinated solvents can be
by the heat of the
highly
arc
(or flame)
toxic gas, and other
lung
decomposed
PHOSGENE, a
eye irritating prod
to form
and
ucts. The ultraviolet
(radiant) energy of the arc can also
decompose tnchloroethyiene and perchioroethylene
vapors to form phosgene. DO NOT WELD or cut where
solvent vapors can be drawn into the welding or cutting
atmosphere or where the radiant energy can penetrate
atmospheres containing even minute amounts of
tnchloroethyiene or perchloroethyiene.
to
OM-121 989
Page
1
Fire and
C.
Explosion Prevention
Causes of fire and explosion are: combustibles reached
by the arc, flame, flying sparks, hot slag or heated mate
nal; misuse of compressed gases and cylinders; and
short circuits.
A container with unknown contents should be cleaned
(see preceding paragraph). Do NOT depend on sense of
smell or sight to determine if it is safe to weld or cut.
Hollow
welding
castings or containers must be
or cutting. They can explode.
vented before
falling slag can pass
through cracks, along pipes, through windows or doors,
and through wall or floor openings, out of sight of the
goggled operator. Sparks and slag can fly 35 feet.
Explosive atmospheres. Never weld or cut where the air
may contain flammable dust, gas, or liquid vapors (such
as gasoline).
To prevent fires and explosion:
Standard precautions. Comply with precautions in this
manual, and those detailed in CGA Standard P-i, SAFE
HANDLING OF COMPRESSED GASES IN CYLIN
DERS, listed ii in Standards Index.
BE AWARE THAT
flying sparks
or
Keep equipment clean and operable, free of oil, grease,
(in electrical parts) of metallic particles that can
and
short circuits.
cause
D.
Compressed Gas Equipment
Pressure
1.
If combustibles are in area, do NOT weld or cut. Move
the work if practicable, to an area free of combustibles.
Avoid
paint spray rooms, dip tanks, storage areas, venti
lators. If the work cannot be moved, move combustibles
at least 35 feet away out of reach of sparks and heat; or
protect against ignition with suitable and snug-fitting,
fire-resistant covers or shields.
Walls
combustibles
on opposite sides should
(or cut). Walls, ceilings, and floor near
should be protected by heat-resistant covers or
touching
not be welded on
work
Regulator relief valve is designed to protect only the
regulator from overpressure; it is not intended to protect
any downstream equipment. Provide such protection
with
one or more
Remove faulty regulatorfrom service immediately for re
pair (first close cylinder valve). The following symptoms
indicate a faulty regulator:
leaksrexternally.
Fire watcher must be standing by with suitable fire extin
guishing equipment during and for some time afterweld
or
relief devices.
Never connect a regulator to a cylinder containing gas
other than that for which the regulator was designed.
shields.
ing
Regulators
cutting
if:
a.
appreciable combustibles (including building
construction) are within 35 feet
b.
appreciable combustibles are further than 35
feet but can be ignited by sparks
c.
openings (concealed or visible) in floors orwalls
within 35 feet may expose combustibles to
Leaks-if gas
Excessive Creep-if delivery pressure continues to rise
with downstream valve closed.
Faulty Gauge-if gauge pointer does not move off stop pin
when pressurized, nor returns to stop pin after pressure
release.
Repair. Do NOT attempt to repair. Send faulty regulators
repair to manufacturers designated repair center,
where special techniques and tools are used by trained
personnel.
for
Cylinders
2.
sparks
d.
combustibles adjacent to walls, ceilings, roofs,
or metal partitions can be ignited by radiant or
conducted heat.
Hot work permit should be obtained before operation to
supervisors approval that adequate precautions
have been taken.
ensure
After work is done, check that
and flames.
area
is free of
sparks,
glowing embers,
An empty container that held combustibles, or that can
produce flammable or toxic vapors when heated, must
never be welded on or cut, unless container has first
been cleaned as described in AWS Standard A6.O, listed
7 in Standards Index.
This includes: a thorough steam or caustic cleaning (or a
solvent or water washing, depending on the combusti
bles solubility) followed by purging and inerting with ni
trogen
or
carbon dioxide, and
using protective equip
Waterfilling just below
for inerting.
ment as recommended in A6.O.
working level may substitute
OM-121 989
Page
2
Cylinders must be handled carefully to prevent leaks
damage to their walls, valves, or safety devices:
and
Avoid electrical circuit contact with cylinders including
third rails, electrical wires, or welding circuits. They can
produce short circuit arcs that may lead to a senous acci
dent.
ICC
(See 1-3C.)
DOT marking must be on each cylinder. It is an
assurance of safety when the cylinder is properly han
dled.
or
Identifying gas content. Use only cylinders with name of
gas marked on them; do not rely on color to identity gas
content. Notify supplier it unmarked. NEVER DEFACE
or alter name, number, or other markings on a cylinder. It
is illegal and hazardous.
Empties: Keep valves closed, replace caps securely;
keep them separate from FULLS and return
promptly.
mark MT;
Prohibited use. Never use a cylinder or its Contents for
other than its intended use, NEVER as a support or
roller.
Locate
or secure
cylinders
so
they
cannot be knocked
over.
Passageways and work areas. Keep cylinders
where they may be struck.
clear of
areas
Transporting cylinders.
With a crane, use a secure sup
port such as a platform or cradle. Do NOT lift cylinders off
the ground by their valves or caps, or by chains, slings,
or
outlet away from people and sources of
with a clean lintless cloth.
Match regulator to cylinder. Before connecting, check
that the regulator label and cylinder marking area, and
thatthe regulator inlet and cylinderoutlet match. NEVER
CONNECT a regulator designed for a particular gas or
gases to
Do NOT expose cylinders to excessive heat, sparks,
and flame, etc. that may cause rupture. Do not al
slag,
low contents to exceed 130F.
Cool with water spray
where such exposure exists.
particularly valves from bumps, falls,
fatling objects,
Replace caps securely
when moving cylinders.
Protect cylinders
and weather.
Stuck valve. Do NOT use a hammer orwrench to open a
cylinder valve that can not be opened by hand. Notify
cylinder.
a
cylinder.
Cylinderfittings should never be modified Or exchanged.
Hose
Prohibited use. Never use hose other than that designed
for the specified gas. A general hose identification rule
is: red for fuel gas, green for oxygen, and black for inert
gases.
Use ferrules
or
clamps designed
nary wire or other substitute)
hoses to fittings.
No copper
tings
to
tubing splices.
splice hose.
Use
for the hose
as a
binding
(not ordi
to connect
only standard brass
fit
long runs to prevent kinks and abuse. Suspend
hose off ground to keep it from being run over, stepped
on, or otherwise damaged.
excess
hose to prevent kinks and
tangles.
Adapters. Use a CGA adapter (available from your sup
plier) between cylinder and regulator, if one is required.
use two wrenches to tighten adapter marked RtGHTand
LEFT HAND threads.
Regulatoroutlet (orhose) connections may be identified
by right hand threads for oxygen and left hand threads
(with grooved hex on nut or shank) for fuel gas.
Pressurizing Steps:
Drain regulator of residual gas through suitable vent be
fore opening cylinder (or manifold valve) by turning ad
justing screw in~(clockwise). Draining prevents exces
sive compression neat at high pressure seat by allowing
seat to open on pressurization. Leave adjusting screw
engaged slightly on single-stage regulators.
Stand to side of regulator while opening
Examine hose regularly for leaks, wear, and loose con
nections. Immerse pressured hose in water; bubbles in
dicate leaks.
Open cylinder valve slowly so that regulator pressure in
slowly. When gauge is pressurized (gauge
reaches regulator maximum) leave cylinder valve in fol
lowing position: For oxygen, and inert gases, open fully
to seal stem against possible leak. For fuel gas, open to
less than one turn to permit quick emergency shutoff.
creases
Use pressure charts (available from your supplier) for
safe and efficient, recommended pressure settings on
Check for leaks on first pressurization and regularly
there-after. Brush with soap solution (capfull of Ivory Liq
uid or equivalent per gallon of water). Bubbles indicate
leak. Clean off soapy water after test: dried soap is com
E;
area out
and
splic
ResponsibIlities
Leaving Equipment Unattended
Close gas supply at
G.
Proper Connections
User
Remove leaky or defective equipment from service im
mediately for repair. See User Responsibility statement
in equipment manual.
F.
Repair leaky orwom hose by cutting
ing (1-2D3). Do NOT tape.
source and
drain gas.
Rope Staging-Support
Clean cylinder valve outlet of impurities that may clog
orifices and damage seats before connecting regulator.
Rope staging-support should not be
cutting operation; rope may burn.
Except for hydrogen,
*Trademark of Proctor & Gamble.
crack valve
cylinder valve.
bustible.
Protect hose from damage by sharp edges, and by
sparks, slag, and open flame.
4.
threaded con
regulators.
Avoid
Coil
other gas.
retighten using properly fining wrench.
5.
gases. Never try to mix any gases in
Never refill any
3.
cylinder containing any
nections, clean and smooth seats where necessary.
Tighten. If connection leaks, disassemble, clean, and
your supplier.
Mixing
a
Tighten connections. When assembling
magnets.
ignition. Wipe
momentarily, pointing
used for welding or
OM-121 989
Page
3
1-3.
ARC WELDING
Viewing
Comply with precautions in 1-1, 1-2, and this section.
Arc Welding, property done, is a safe process, but a
careless operator invites trouble. The equipment cames
high currents at significant voltages. The arc is very
bright and hot. Sparks fly, fumes rise, ultraviolet and in
frared energy radiates, weldments are hot, and com
pressed gases may be used. The wise operator avoids
unnecessary risks and protects himself and others from
accidents. Precautions are described here and ~fl Stan
dards referenced in index.
A.
the weld. Provide face shields for all persons
looking directly at the weld.
who will be
Others working in
flash goggles.
area.
See that all persons are wearing
Before starting to weld, make
doors are closed.
sure
that screen
flaps
or
bay
B.
ToxIc Fume Prevention
Comply with precautions
in 1 -2B.
Generator engine exhaust must be vented to the outside
air. Carbon monoxide can kill.
Burn Protection
C.
Comply with precautions
Fire and
Comply with precautions
biight. Its radiation
can damage eyes, penetrate lightweight clothing, reflect
from light-colored surfaces, and burn the skin and eyes.
Equipments
equipment.
Skin burns resemble acute sunburn, those from gasshielded arcs are more severe and painful. DONT GET
BURNED; COMPLY WITH PRECAUTIONS.
cause a
The welding
arc
is intense and visibly
Protective
1.
Clothing
Prevention
additional
protective clothing such as
essary,
leather jacket orsleeves,flame-proof apron, and fire-re
sistant leggings. Avoid outer garments of untreated cot
ton.
Bare skin protection. Wear dark, substantial clothing.
Button collar to protect chest and neck and button pock
ets to prevent entry of sparks.
in I -2C.
rated capacity. Do not overload arc welding
It may overheat cables and cause a fire.
Loose cable connections may overheat
fire.
Never strike
an arc on a
or
flash and
cylinder or other pressure ves
brittle area that can cause a violent nip
ture or lead to such a rupture under rough handling.
sel. It creates
Wear long-sleeve clothing (particularly for gas-shielded
arc) in addition to gloves, hat, and shoes (1 -2A). As nec
use
ExplosIon
in 1-2.
D.
Compressed Gas Equipment
Comply
E.
a
with
precautions
in 1-20.
Shock Prevehtlon
Exposed hot conductors or other bare metal in the weld
ing drcuit, or in ungrounded, electrically-HOT equip
ment can fatally shock a person whose body becomes a
conductor. DO NOT STAND, SIT, LIE, LEAN ON, OR
a wet surface when welding, without suitable
TOUCH
2.
Eye
and Head Protection
Protect eyes from exposure to
electric arc without protection.
protection.
arc.
NEVER look at
an
To protect
against
shock:
dry insulating gloves and body protection. Keep
body
clothing dry. Never work in damp area without
adequate insulation against electrical shock. Stay on a
dry duckboard, or rubber mat when dampness or sweat
Wear
Welding helmet
no.
shield containing a filter plate shade
12 or denser must be used when welding. Place over
face before
or
striking
arc.
Protect filter plate with
a
clear cover
and
avoided. Sweat, sea water, or moisture be
and an electrically HOT part or grounded
metal reduces the electrical resistance, and could en
able dangerous and possibly lethal currents to flow
can not be
plate.
tween
Cracked
or
broken helmet
worn; radiation can pass
or
shield should NOT be
through
to cause bums.
body
Cracked, broken,
through
IMMEDIATELY.
voltage will exist between the electrode and any con
ducting object in the work arcuit. Examples of conduct
ing objects include, but are not limited to, buildings, elec
trical tools, work benches, welding power source cases,
workpieces, etc. Never touch the electrode and any
metal object unless the weldIng power source Is off.
pitted,
or
or loose filter plates must be replaced
Replace clear cover plate when broken,
spattered.
Flash goggles with side shields MUST be worn under
give some protection to the eyes should the
helmet not be lowered over the face before an arc is
struck. Looking at an arc momentarily with unprotected
the helmet to
eyes
(particularly
a
high intensity gas-shielded arc)
cause a retinal burn that
area in the
3.
a
can
permanent dark
field of vision.
Protection of
Enclosed
may leave
welding
Nearby Personnel
For production
welding, a sepa
bay is best. In open areas, sur
round the operation with low-reflective, non-combusti
ble screens or panels. Allow for free air circulation, par
ticularly at floor level.
area.
rate room or enclosed
OM-121 989 Page 4
the
body.
A
1.
Grounding
the
Equipment
Arc welding equipment must be grounded according to
the National Electrical Code, and the work must be
grounded according to ANSI Z49.1 Safety In Welding
And
Cutting.
When installing, connect the frames of each unit such as
welding power source, control, worktable, and water cir
culator to the building ground. Conductors must be ade
quate to carry ground currents safely. Equipment made
Welding power sources used with shielded
metal arc welding (SMAW) and similar proc
esses may not be equipped with welding power
output on-off control devices. With such equip
ment the electrode is electrically HOT when the
electrically HOT by stray current may shock, possibly f atally. Do NOT GROUND to electrical conduit, orto a pipe
carrying ANY gas or flammable liquid such as oil or fuel.
Three-phase connection. Check phase requirements of
equipment before installing. If only 3-phase power is
available, connect single-phase equipment to only two
wires of the 3-phase fine. Do NOT connect the equip
ment ground lead to the third (live) wire, or the equip
ment will become electrically HOT-a dangerous condi
tion that can shock, possibly fatally.
Before
welding,
ground for continuity. Be sure
touching bare metal of equipment
check
conductors are
frames at connections.
If a line cord with a ground lead is provided with the
equipment for connection to a switchbox, connect the
ground lead to the grounded switchbox. If a three-prong
plug is added for connection to a grounded mating re
ceptacle, the ground lead must be connected to the
ground prong only. If the line cord comes with a threeprong plug, connect to a grounded mating receptacle.
Never remove the ground prong from a plug, or use a
plug with a broken off ground prong.
7.
Safety
Devices
devices such as interlocks and circuit breakers
should not be disconnected or shunted out.
Safety
Before installation, inspection, or service, of equipment,
shut OFF all power and remove line fuses (or lock or redtag switches) to prevent accidental turning ON of power.
Disconnect all cables from welding power source, and
pull all 115 volts line-cord plugs.
Do not open power circuit or change polarity while weld
ing. If, in an emergency, it must be disconnected, guard
against shock burns, or flash from switch arcing.
Leaving equipment unattended. Always shut OFF and
disconnect all power to
welding power
Fully insulated electrode holders should be used. Do
use holders with protruding screws.
NOT
Connectors
3.
Fully insulated lock-type connectors should
join welding cable lengths.
be used to
Cables
4.
Frequently inspect cables for wear, cracks and damage.
IMMEDIATELY REPLACE those with excessively worn
or damaged insulation to avoid possibly-lethal shock
from bared cable. Cables with damaged areas may be
taped to give resistance equivalent to original cable.
Keep cable dry, free
of oil and grease, and
F.
14.
power sources for use with the gas
metal arc welding (GMAW), gas tungsten arc
welding (GTAW) and similar processes nor
mally are equipped with devices that permit on
oft control of the welding power output. When so
equipped the electrode wire becomes electri
cally HOT when the power source switch is ON
and the welding gun switch is closed. Never
touch the electrode wire or any conducting ob
ject in contact with the electrode circuit unless
the welding power source is off.
b.
Equipment
contactor)
without output on/off control
(no
Wearers of ElectronIc Life
Sup
STANDARDS BOOKLET INDEX
comply
following standards or
as applicable:
1.
ANSI Standard Z49.1, SAFETY IN WELDING
AND CUTTING obtainable from the American
Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Ad, Miami,
FL 33126.
2.
NIOSH, SAFETY AND HEALTH IN ARC WELD
ING AND GAS WELDING AND CUTTING ob
tainable from the Superintendent of Documents,
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington,
D.C. 20402.
Equipment with output on/off control (contactor)
Welding
F9r
For more information, refer to the
Electrode
a.
ProtectIon
their latest revisions and
Terminals And Other Exposed Parts
6.
the
Magnetic fields from high currents can affect pacemaker
operation. Persons wearing electronic life support
equipment (pacemaker) should consult with their doctor
before going near arc welding, gouging, or spot welding
operations.
protected
Terminals and other exposed parts of electrical units
should have insulating covers secured before operation.
near
source.
port Devices (Pacemakers)
from hot metal and sparks.
5.
equipment.
Power disconnect switch must be available
Electrode Holders
2.
power switch is turned ON. Never touch the
electrode unless the welding power source is
off.
3.
OSHA, SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS,
29CFR 1910, obtainable from the Superinten
dent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
4.
ANSI Standard Z87.1, SAFE PRACTICES FOR
OCCUPATION AND EDUCATIONAL EYE AND
FACE PROTECTION obtainable from the Ameri
can National Standards Institute, 1430 Broad
way, New York, NY 10018.
5.
ANSI Standard Z41 .1, STANDARD FOR MENS
SAFETY-TOE FOOTWEAR obtainable from the
Ameflcan National Standards Institute, 1430
Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
OM-121 989
Page
5
6.
ANSI Standard Z49.2, FIRE PREVENTION IN
THE USE OF CUTTiNG AND WELDING PROC
ESSES obtainable from the American National
Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York,
NY 10018.
7.
AWS Standard A6.0, WELDING AND CUTTiNG
CONTAINERS WHICH HAVE HELD COMBUS
TIBLES obtainable from the Amencan Welding
Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd, Miami, FL 33126.
8.
NFPA Standard 51, OXYGEN-FUEL GAS SYS
TEMS FOR WELDING, CUTTING, AND ALLIED
PROCESSES obtainable from the National Fire
Protection Association, Batterymarch Park,
Quincy, MA 02269.
9.
12.
CSA Standard W117.2, CODE FOR SAFETY IN
WELDING AND CUTTING obtainable from the
Canadian Standards Association, Standards
Sales, 178 Rexdale Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario,
Canada M9W 1 R3.
13.
NWSA booklet, WELDING SAFETY BIBLIOG
RAPHY obtainable from the National Welding
Supply Association, 1900 Arch Street, Philadel
phia,
PA 19103.
Welding Society Standard AWSF4.1,
RECOMMENDEDSAFE PRACTICES FOR ThE
14.
American
PREPARATION FOR WELDING AND CUTTING
OF CONTAINERS AND PIPING THAT HAVE
HELD HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, obtainable
from the American Welding Society, 550 N.W.
LeJeune Ad, Miami, FL 33126.
Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA
NFPA Standard 51 B, CUTTING AND WELDING
PROCESSES obtainable from the National Fire
Protection Association, Batterymarch Park,
Quincy,
11.
22202.
NFPA Standard 70, NATIONAL ELECTRICAL
CODE obtainable from the National Fire Protec
tion Association,
02269.
10.
from the Con,ressed Gas Association, 1235 Jef
ferson Davis Highway, Suite 501, Arlington, VA
ANSI Standard Z88.2, PRACTICE FOR RESPI
RATORY PROTECTION, obtainable from the
American National Standards Institute, 1430
Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
15.
MA 02269.
CGA Pamphlet P-i, SAFE HANDLING OF COM
PRESSED GASES IN CYLINDERS obtainable
I.
SECTION 2- SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND SIGNAL WORDS
2-1.
A.
GENERAL INFORMATION AND SAFETY
2-2.
General
Information
in this manual and on various la
bels, tags, and plates on the unit pertains to equipment
presented
design, installation, operation, maintenance, and
troubleshooting which should be read, understood, and
followed forthe safe and effective use of this equipment.
SAFETY
WORDS
B.
Safety
a
C~C~ ~ 6
SIGNAL
This
safety alert symbol is used
with the
signal
words WARNING and CAUTION to call atten
tion to the
safety
statements.
WARNING statements identify procedures or
must be followed to avoid seri
ous personal injury or loss of life.
4A
practices which
a
CAUTION statements identify procedures or
practices which must be followed to avoid minor
personal injury or damage to this equipment.
stalled, operated, and maintained only by qualified per
sons in accordance with this manual and all applicable
codes such as, but not limited to, those listed at the end
of Section 1
Safety Rules For Operation Of Arc Weld
Power
Source.
ing
AND
following safety alert symbol and signal words are
used throughout this manual to call attention to and iden
tity different levels of hazard and special instructions.
The installation, operation, maintenance, and trouble
shooting of arc welding equipment requires practices
and procedures which ensure personal safety and the
safety of others. Therefore, this equipment is to be in
SYMBOL
The
The
nameplate of this unit uses international symbols for
labeling the front panel controls. The symbols also ap
pear at the appropriate section in the text.
ALERT
IMPORTANT statements identify special instructions
necessary for the most efficient operation of this equip
ment.
SECTION 3
Table 3-1.
SPECIFICATIONS
SpecificatIons
Wire Welder
Input At Rated
Load Output
Rated
Weld Output At
20% Duty Cycle
Model
Circuit
Voltage
Single-Phas~_
Amperes
115V
70 Amperes
70Ampere Atl7VoltsDC
90
Ampere
Includes
Control
Circuit
60 Hz
90 Amperes
At 18 Volts DC
29
I
At Gun
kva
230V
7.5
15
Voltage
At
2.2
2
20
3
10
2.2
Weight
Capability
Net
I Ship
.023
53 lbs.
T 62 lbs.
(0.58 mm)
(24 kg)
1(28
kw
I
30
Electrode
Wire
Diameter
Electrode Wire
Feed Speed
28 to 163
ipm
(0.7to4.1 mpm)
24
Volts
DC
550 to 716 ipm
to 17.9 mpm
(13.8
kg)
I
to
.035
68 lbs.
(0.89 mm)
(31 kg)
I
72 lbs.
kg)
gun.
Gun
Ampere Rating
With C02
60% Duty Cycle
Wire
Diameter
Cable
Length
.023 (0.58 mm)
160
to
Amperes
.035
Cooling Method
r
10 ft.
(3.05 m)
Air
(0.89 mm)
In.
(235 mm)
14-1/4 In.
(362 mm)
Add 1/2 In. (12.7 mm) for feet.
SA.121 4.85
Figure
3-1. Overall DimensIons
OM-121 989
Page
7
IMPORTANT: Decreasing
VOLT-AMPERE CURVES (Chart 3-1)
3-1.
welding amperes
increases
duty cycle.
RATED OUTPUT
vott-ampere curves show the minimum and maxi
voltage and amperage output capabilities of the
unit from the minimum and maximum settings of the
The
a
CYCLE
DUTY
EXCEEDING
CAUTION:
RATINGS will damage the wIre welder.
Do not exceed indicated duty
mum
Chart 3-2. Duty
FINE TUNING/WIRE SPEED control.
Chart 3-1.
70
cycles.
Cycle
70 Ampere Models
Volt-Ampere Curves
Ampere Models
\~
I
~-
~..
~-...
\
~%~%
H
~% ~ ~Ø~-~RM~
~
~
~ ~
~ ~~
5
U
10
S
WI, ~.L!
=_2::~ ~
-
90
Ampere
Models
I
I~o
44
E
E
~E
0
SB.121 475
:
=
E
D.C. M~
E
E
:
:
08.121
=
w
=
=
~
75
50
.
.,l
25
VA
-
-
-
20
15
0
~
2
B.
5
0
0
40
50
50
DC AMPERES
20
SB.124 64&A
DUTY CYCLE
3-2.
40
Z ourv CrcLf
I070S0S0~0
SB.124655.A
Welding Gun
The duty cycle of a welding gun is the percentage of a ten
minute period that a gun can be operated at a given load.
This gun is rated at 60% duty cycle using C02 shielding
gas. This means that the gun can be operated six min
utes out of every ten with the C02 shielding gas. The re
maining four minutes the gun should be idle to permit
proper cooling.
A.
Wire Welder
(Chart 3-2)
The duty cycle of a wire welder is the percentage of a ten
minute period that the welder can be operated at a given
load.
The wire welder is rated at 20 percent duty cycle; there
fore, the unit can be operated at rated load for two con
secutive minutes out of ten, but it must idle for the
remaining eight minutes to allow proper cooling.
Refer to the Duty Cycle Chart (Chart 3-2) to determine
the output of the welder at various duty cycles.
OM-121 989
Page
8
a
ThE
RATED
EXCEEDING
CAUTION:
AMPERAGE WITh CO2 OR FAILING TO
REDUCE THE WELDING AMPERAGE OR
DUTY CYCLE WHEN USING A MIXED
SHIELDING GAS can result In damage to the
gun.
Do not exceed rated amperage when
C02.
using
Operate at 30% duty cycle when using mixed
shielding gases such as carbon dioxide and
argon.
FIgure
3-2.
Supplied EquIpment
DESCRIPTION
3-3.
single-phase, constant voltage, dc arc
feeder. The wire feed system
source/wire
welding power
is designed for Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW or MIG)
This unit is
a
with .023 to 0.25 in.
(0.58 to 0.64 mm)
I
hard wire. The unit
can also be used for Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)
with .030 in. (0.76 mm) and .035 in. (0.89 mm) flux cored
welding
wire.
The 70 Ampere model is used with a supplied MWG-1 60
gun. Rated output of this model is 70 amperes, 17 volts
dc, at 20% duty cycle.
is used with a supplied MWG-1 60
gun. Rated output of this model is 90 amperes, 18 volts
dc, at 20% duty cycle.
The
Figure
Ampere model
The 90
SUPPLIED EQUIPMENT
3-4.
.....4
following equipment has
3-6.
following is a list
quired for Gas Metal
been included with the
A.
One
2.
Five contact tubes.
3.
One work clamp.
4.
One, 2 lb. (0.91 kg) spool of .023 in.
AWS Class E7OS-6 steel wire.
5.
One, 28 minute VHS video tape.
welding gun.
factory equipped
power cord with plug.
3-5.
Gas
with
a
7 ft.
PERSONAL SAFETY EQUIPMENT
(0.58 mm)
(2.1 m) input
(Figure 3-3)
equipment
Welding (GMAW).
of additional
Arc
that is
re
Cylinder
Two types of gas
1.
Safety Equipment
ADDITIONAL REQUIRED EQUIPMENT
The
(FIgure 3-2)
welder:
The welder is
3-3. Personal
4
are
generally used with Gas
Metal Arc
Welding (GMAW) of thin gauge sheet steel. Carbon
dioxide (C02) is the gas recommended for use with this
wire welder/gun combination. A mixture of 75 percent ar
gon and 25 percent carbon dioxide also gives favorable
results. Obtain a cylinder of selected welding gas from
your supplier.
B.
Regulator/Flowmeter
The
Regulator/flowmeters provide
a
constant
shielding
gas pressure and flow rate during the welding process.
Because gases have different properties, each regula
tor/flowmeter is designed to be used with a specific gas
mixture of gases. Regulator/flowmeters cannot be
changed from one gas to another unless the proper
adapters are installed. Obtain the proper regulator/flow
or
welding helmet with a #10 lens to protect the
eyes from the welding arc. Also wear protective clothing,
safety glasses, and gloves to protect from injury.
Wear
a
meter for the
type of gas used.
OM-121 989
Page
9
C.
Gas Hose
Measure the distance from the gas cylinder to the wire
welder. Obtain good quality 5/8 in. (16 mm) 0.0. S.A.E.
gas hose, and install 5/8-18 right-hand thread fittings on
both ends of hose.
D.
Spool Of
this welder. E7OS-6 is the recommended wire for weld
ing high strength steel in auto collision repair applica
tions, and is supplied with this unit.
3-7.
The following parts are subject to
mal welding conditions.
Wire
Selection of the correct welding wire is important in Gas
Metal Arc Welding (GMAW). There are many types to
choose from, but certain wires are best suited for weld
ing thin gauge sheet steel. The American Welding Soa
ety (AWS) classification for GMAW wires is usually indi
cated on the label of the wire spool. Two AWS wire
classes recommended are E7OS-6 and E7OS-3. The
E7OS-6 provides a more fluid (wetter) weld puddle and a
flatter bead; however, E7OS-3 is acceptable for use with
1.
Wire
2.
Contact tubes
3.
Nozzles
4.
Drive rolls
5.
Uner
Spare parts
LOCATE THE WELDER (FIgure 3-1)
are
available from
wear or use
4.
welding equipment
A~
5.
Align the smaller hole
in the handle with the hole
Do not place .~ny filtering device over the
intake air passages of this welding generator.
Warranty is
void if any
type of filtering device is
used.
6.
lug.
Secure the terminal lug to the clamp with the sup
plied
parts.
Maintain at least 18 inches (457mm) of unre
stricted space on all sides of unit, and keep
underside free of obstructions.
dis
OR RELOCATION
in the work cable terminal
CAUTION: RESTRICTED AIRFLOW causes
overheating and possIble damage to Internal
under nor
tributors.
SECTION 4INSTALLATION
4-1.
CONSUMABLE/REPLACEMENT PARTS
nut and bolt.
Bend the tabs
on
the end of the handle around the
work cable.
7.
8.
Slide the
handle.
insulating sleeve
on
the cable over the
Slide the remaining insulating sleeve
other work
clamp
over
the
handle.
Step
The welder should be positioned to provide adequate
airflow for cooling during operation and to allow room to
open the access door for installation and adjustment
8
procedures.
The service life and efficiency of this unit are reduced
when the unit is subjected to high levels of dust, dirt,
moisture, corrosive vapors, or extreme heat.
4-2.
INSTALL THE WORK CLAMP
Step
3
(Figure 4-1)
Steps
4 and 5
AlOft. (3 m) work cable with lug extendsfromthefrontof
the unit. Install the supplied work clamp onto the cable as
follows:
1.
Turn OFF the welder.
2.
Slide one of the supplied insulating sleeves
the end of the work cable.
over
Steps
2 and 7
S.0250
3.
Place the end of the work cable into either work
clamp handle.
OM-121 989
Page
10
Figure
4-1. Work
Clamp installation
4-3.
SET ThE WELDING POLARITY
4A
(Figure 4-2)
WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK
can kill.
Do not touch live electrical parts.
Turnoff welder, and remove input power plug
from receptacle before inspecting or changing
connections.
HOT SURFACES
can cause severe
burns.
Allow equipment to cool before inspecting or
changing connections.
1.
Turn OFF the welder.
2.
Open
3.
Loosen the hardware
4.
Reposition the jumper links and tighten the seajr
ing hardware.
5.
Close and
This
welding power
links that allow
the userto select the polarity of the unit. The jumper links
can be positioned for Reverse Polarity (DCEP) or
Straight Polarity (DCEN) welding (see Figure 4-2). The
unit was shipped with the links positioned for Reverse
source
has
Polarity (DCEP) for use with the
(GMAW) process.
Welding
If Fluxed Cored Arc
jumper links
ommended
Welding (FCAW) is desired, position
Straight Polarity (OCEN). Know the rec
polarity for the wire you are using.
1.
Turn OFF the welder.
2.
Open
change jumper
link
positions, proceed
as
POLARITY
(Figure 4-2)
access
door.
securing bolt on
IMPORTANT: Wire guides should be installed so that
the tip(s) of the guide is as close to the drive roll as
possible without touching.
Insert the gun cable through the
large access hole
panel. Slide the connector into the
drive assembly until the connector hex stop is
flush against the drive assembly.
4.
on
5.
B.
the front
Tighten
the gun cable connector
Connect The Gun
Trigger
Locate the two leads
cable.
REVERSE
POLARITY
2.
Route these leads
on
the front
securing bolt.
Leads
hanging
free from the gun
through the
small access hole
panel.
Securely connect the
panel.
3.
GUN~
door.
assembly.
follows:
(~db
DCEN
the left side
the drive
1.
STRAIGHT
access
Loosen the gun cable connector
3.
for
The jumper links are located behind the left side door.
The gun polarity changeover label (Figure 4-2) is
located directly to the left of the links. If it is necessary to
the
Connect The Gun Cable
jumper
Gas Metal Arc
secure
securing the jumper links.
INSTALL THE WELDING GUN
4-4.
A.
IMPORTANT: Read and follow the electrode manufac
turers recommended welding procedures.
the left side access door.
leads to the
matching leads
behind the
DCEP
CHANGEOVER
Close and
4.
4-5.
Jumper Links
Ret. S.126 024
secure
the side access door.
INSTALL AND ThREAD THE WIRE
And 4-4)
4A
CAUTION:
(Figures 4-3
LOOSE WELDING WIRE
can
Injury.
Keep firm hold on wire during installation,
removal, and threading operations.
Spooled wire has a tendency to unravel rapidly
when loosened from the spool.
cause
A two
pound spool of AWS Class E7OS-6 steel wire, size
.023, has been shipped installed on the hub of the
welder. Additional wire
can be purchased from welding
equipment distributors. To install a spool of wire, pro.
ceed as follows:
FIgure
4-2. Gun
Polarity Changeover Label And
Gun InstallatIon
1.
Turn OFF the welder.
2.
Open
the left side access door.
IMPORTANT: If using
ceed to Step 7.
factory installed
wire spool, pro
OM-121 989
Page
11
Unreel and
9.
straighten approximately
6 in.
(152
mm) of wire from the spool.
Hub Pin
10.
Route the welding wire into the wire inlet guide,
along the drive roll groove, and into the wire outlet
guide in the gun cable.
11.
Make sure the wire is riding in the drive roll
groove. Pivot the pressure roll assembly down
onto the drive roll.
Hub
Pivot the pressure adjustment arm up until it seats
top of the pressure roll assembly.
12.
Wire,
Spool
on
R.taining
Turn the pressure adjustment knob clockwise un
til the drive roll assembly is secure. Adjust the
drive roll pressure just enough to prevent the wire
from slipping on or against the drive roll during op
13.
Pin
Ru. TA-log 358-C
Figure 4-3.
WIre
Spool
InstallatIon
eration.
3.
Remove the retaining pin from the hub and
move the empty wire spool.
4.
Slide the spool of wire onto the hub so that the
wire feeds off the bottom of the spool.
5.
Rotate the spool until the hole in the spool aligns
with the pin on the hub. Slide the spool onto the
pin until it seats firmly on the back flange of the
hub.
6.
re
a
Do not overtighten drive roll pressure
ment knob.
4-6.
Reinstall the retaining pin onto the hub in the slot
closest to the spool to prevent the spool from slid
Loosen the drive roll pressure
pivot the pressure adjustment
adjustment knob,
arm
down, away
from the cover. Pivot the pressure roll assembly
up until it is in the open position. See Figure 4-4.
8.
Cutoff any wire that is bent, and
or
remove
any burrs
sharp edges.
ADJUST THE HUB TENSION
a
CAUTION:
adjust
(Figure 4-3)
LOOSE WELDING WIRE
rapidly
Check the hub tension by slowly pulling the wire toward
the drive roll. The wire should unwind freely, but have
sufficient tension to keep the wire taut and prevent back
lash when wire feeding stops. If adjustment is neces
sary, loosen ortighten the hub tension
the end of the spindle support shaft.
adjustment nut on
Pressure Roll Assembly
(Shown in Opon Position)
Wire Pressure
Adjustment
Pressure
Arm
Adjustment
Stop
Wire inlet
Guide
Wire Drive Assembly
Ret. TA-121 448-8
Figure
OM-121 989
Page
12
4-4.
Welding
can
Injury.
Keep firm hold on wire during installation,
removal, and threading operations.
cause
Spooled wire has a tendency to unravel
when loosened from the spool.
ing during operation.
7.
CAUTION: EXCESSIVE DRIVE ROLL TEN
SION can damage wire and equipment and
cause poor wire feeding.
Wire InstallatIon
4-7.
and open valve slightly. When gas flows from cyl
inder, close valve. This procedure blows out dust
or dirt that may have accumulated around the
SHIELDING GAS INSTALLATION (Figure 4-5)
a
WARNING: PRESSURIZED CYLINDERS
can
rupture causing serious personal Injury and
valve seat.
loss of life; FALLING CYLINDERS can cause
serious Injury and equipment damage.
to touch any
regulator/f lowmeter must be properly
equipped with a stem, nut connectors, and gasket
for use with either CO2 cylinders or inert gas type
cylinders.
AMays fasten cylinder securely to iunning
gearbracket, a wall, orother stationary support.
IMPORTANT: A gasket should be installed to prevent
leaks. Do not use lubricants or sealing agents.
Keep cylinders away from any welding or Oth
er
2.
electrical circuits.
Never allow a
welding electrode
cylinder.
A.
Gas
Cylinder (Customer Supplied) (Figure 4-5)
3.
cylinder to a wail or other stationary support to
prevent the cylinder from falling over and breaking oft the
optional running gear is used, secure gas
der to running gear with supplied chain.
Regulator/Flowmeter
(FIgure 4-5)
1.
With the
cylinder
CO2
(customer
cylin
Supplied)
the
cylinder securely installed,
one side of cylinder valve,
remove
regulator/f lowmeter onto gas cylinder
gauge in vertical position, and
securely to gas cylinder valve.
4.
B.
Install gas
valve; keep the face of the regulator/flowmeter
Chain the
valve. If
The
cap, stand to
A
stem nut
tighten
shielding gas output fitting is provided at the
of the welding power source for making gas
rear
connections. Attach one end of the gas hose to
this output fitting. Attach other end of the gas hose
to the
regulator/f lowmeter.
Flowm.t.r
Installation
Cylinder
VsIv.
Adlustmsnt
Cylinder
(5/8.18 mais
Argon
fitting required)
Installation
Mix
or Argon
Cylinder
Flow Adluatment
Gas
Conn.ction
(5/8~18 male fitting required)
TB- log 492
FIgure
4-5.
TypIcal Regulator/Flowmeter installation
OM-121 989 Patio 13
4-8.
CONNECT TO POWER
IMPORTANT:
49.
This welder must be connected as fol
lows:
Ampere Models Connect to a 15 ampere indi
vidual branch circuit otto a 20 ampere branch circuit
Ampere Models
Connect to
a
sure
ture wounds; HOT SURFACES can burn
skin.
Do not activate gun
doso.
building supply wiring and receptacle
requirements and also comply with all na
that the
meet these
tional, state, and local electrical codes. Poor unit per
formance or frequently opening line fuses or circuit
breakers can result from an inadequate or incorrect sup
ply.
Allow gun to cool before
touching.
IMPORTANT: Whenever removing orreplacing the gun
nozzle, twist it in a clockwise direction to avoid damage
to the internal spring.
1.
Table 4-1. MaxImum Allowable Extension Cord
Lengths (Based on a maxImum 2% voltage drop)
trigger until instructed to
Do not point gun toward any part of the body,
other personnel, or any conductive surface
when threading welding wire.
20 ampere indi
vidual branch circuit.
Be
CAUTiON: WELDING WIRE can cause punc
4~
For 70
For 90
FEED ThE WIRE
Be
sure
the
according
2.
welding gun and wire
are
installed
to Sections 4-4 and 4-5.
Lay the gun cable assembly out as straight and as
as possible.
flat
IS IzeAWG
#14*
#12
#10
60
75
150
3.
Remove the nozzle and contact tube.
4.
Turn ON the welder.
5.
Depress and hold the gun tngger until the wire
feeds approximately 1/2 In. (12 mm) from the end
of the gui~ nozzle. Cut off any excess wire.
input power cord with plug is attached to the welder.
Connect the plug to a properly grounded receptacle that
is protected by time-delay fuses or a proper circuit
breaker that meets all the requirements of the previous
IMPORTANT block. Be sure that the building supply wir
6.
Turn OFF the welder.
7.
Replace
ing
9.
T
Max.
Length
(ft)
For 70
Ampere Models only
An
and
receptacle comply
with all
applicable
codes.
If it is necessary to use an extension cord, be sure that
the cord is of adequate size and capacity. See Table 4.1
for recommended extension cord sizes.
OM-12t 989 Page 14
8.
the contact tube and nozzle.
If necessary,
readjust
the hub tension
according
left side
door.
to Section 4-6.
Close and
secure the
access
IMPORTANT: For a smoother weld start, be sure weld
ing wire extends 1/2 in. (12 mm) beyond the end of the
contact tube and that the wire has a sharp end.
SECTION 5- OPERATOR CONTROLS
5-1.
POWER SWITCH
(Figure 5-1)
5-3.
FINE
TUNING/WIRE
SPEED
CONTROL
(FIgure 5-1)
POWER
0
-e
OFF
FINE TUNING
WIRE SPEED
ION
Placing the POWER switch in the ON position energizes
the welder and activates the cooling f an motor. Placing
the POWER switch in the OFF position shuts down the
welder.
5-2.
THICKNESSNOLTS SWITCH (Figure 5-1)
1
THICKNESS
VOLTS
3O~\\T/~70
20~
+
~8O
~
IMPORTANT: The FINE TUNINGI WIRE SPEED
trol may be adjusted while welding.
con
The FINE TUNING/WIRE SPEED control provides fine
tuning of the speed that the wire feeds into the weld. The
wire feed range is 28 to 163 inches per minute (0.7 to 4.1
meters per minute), when set by the THICKNESS!
VOLTS switch and fine tuned by the FINE TUNINGJ
WIRE SPEED control.
Rotate the knob clockwise to increase the wire feed
speed. The numbers around the FINE TUNING/MRE
SPEED dial are for use as a reference when making set
tings, and do not indicate actual wire feed speed.
a
CAUTION:
ARCING
can
damage
contact
surfaces.
Do not change position of THICKNESS/
VOLTS switch while welding or under load.
Arcing causes the contacts to become pitted and
eventually inoperative.
The THICKNESSNOLTS switch provides voltage set
tings for four different ranges of metal thickness. These
settings also determine the base wire feed speed for the
thickness of the metal. The settings for the 70 Amper
e/90 Ampere models are:
Setting
1
Very
Thin
Setting
2
Thin
(22.4/23.0 Volts DC)
Setting
3
Thicker (25.4/25.9 Volts DC)
Setting
4
Thickest (28.5/28.4 Volts DC)
The
higher the
that
can
(19.6/20.8 Volts DC)
number selected, the thicker the material
be welded.
IMPORTANT: The welder/s
designed foruse with meta/s that are a maximum 013/16 in. (4.8 mm) thick. Use
with thicker metals will produce unsatisfactory results.
Metals as thin as 22 or 24 gauge may be satisfactorily
welded by experienced users.
Welding
Gun
SA.121 485
Figure
5-1.
Operator Controls
OM-121 989
Page
15
SECTION 6- OPERATION
a
WARNING:
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill;
MOVING PARTS can cause serIous Injury;
IMPROPER AIRFLOW AND EXPOSURE TO
ENVIRONMENT can damage Internal parts.
CAUTION: WELDING CURRENT can dam
age vehicle computers and other electronic
components.
Disconnect both batter) cables before weld
on a vehicle.
Do not touch five electrical parts.
ing
Keep away from moving parts.
Place work clamp as close to the weld as pos
sible to avoid long electrical paths.
Keep all
ape rating.
Warranty is
with any
ARC
covers
and
panels in place while
Be sure gun to power source as well as cable
connections to work clamp are clean and tight.
void if the wire feeder is operated
portion of the outer enclosure removed.
To minimize risk, disconnect the computer(s)
from the vehicle.
RAYS, SPARKS,
can burn
AND HOT SURFACES
eyes and skin; NOISE can damage
Open left side access door, and make sure that
polarity changeover jumper links on polarity
changeover board are in desired position (see
4.
hearing.
Wear correct eye, ear, and
body protection.
Section 4-3).
FUMES AND GASES can
your health.
seriously
harm
5.
Keep your head out of the fumes.
Ventilate to keep from
gases.
If ventilation is
breathing device.
WELDING
wounds.
breathing fumes
inadequate,
WIRE
can
and
approved
use
cause fire and
AND
SLAG
Do not
8.
Purge shielding gas
follows:
can
kIll.
Do not touch live electrical parts.
extinguisher nearby,
Keep the welding wire isolated from the work
clamp or any conductive surface when not weld
ing.
and know
The welding wire is electrically energized when
everthe gun trigger is depressed. The difference
in potential between the welding wire and the
work clamp (or workpiece or table if the work
clamp is connected to either) will cause current
to flow if contact is made.
flammable material.
Allow work and equipment to cool before
MAGNETIC FIELDS FROM HIGH CURRENTS
affect pacemaker
as
WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK
handling.
can
line
can
burns.
use near
close to
Set a voftage condition using the THICKNESS/
VOLTS s~Rtch and the FINE TUNING/WIRE
SPEED control appropriate for the base metal
thickness and type of shielding gas being used
(see Tables 6-1 and 6-2).
Watch for fire.
Keep a fire
how to use it.
as
possible.
7.
puncture
cause
SPATrER,
Connect the work clamp to workpiece
6.
the weld area as
Do not point gun toward any part of the body,
any conductive surface, or other personneL
HOT METAL,
regulator/f Iowmeter flow adjustment knob,
slowly open the gas cylinder valve.
Close
and
operatIon.
Wearers should consult their doctor before
Place Une Disconnect switch in the ON posi
a.
going near arc we/ding, gouging, orspot we/ding
operations.
See Section 1 Safety Rules For Operation Of
Arc Welding Power Source for basic welding
safety information.
tion.
Place POWER switch on the
in the ON position.
b.
-
welding
power
source
Release drive roil pressure. Depress gun trigger
c.
approximately 15 seconds to allow for ad
justment of reguiator/tlowmeter and to purge
for
6-1.
GAS METAL ARC WELDING
a
gas hose of air.
(GMAW)
WARNING: Read and follow safety Informa
tion at beginning of entire Section 6 before
proceeding.
IMPORTANT: Gas pressure 0(6 pounds orflowrate of
15 cfh are typicaL We/ding out of position at high wire
feed speeds, or welding in a drafty environment will
require
Install and connect unit
according
d.
2.
Wear
3.
Thoroughly clean joint area of the base metal with
sandpaper or wire brush.
C~P~C~ ]P~
dry insulating gloves
and
more
shielding gas.
to Section 4.
clothing.
on welding power source
position, and retighten drive roIl pres
according to Section 7-4.
Place POWER switch
in OFF
sure
9.
Wear welding helmet fitted with
a
#10 lens.
10.
Place POWER switch on welding pwer source in
ON position, and begin welding.
11.
Adjust
SPEED
FINE TUNING/WIRE
control
shielding gas, if applicable,
Tables 6-1 and 6-2).
necessary.
6-2.
FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
Keep the welding wire isolated from the work
clamp or any other conductive surface when not
welding.
The welding wire is electrically energized when
everthe gun trigger is depressed. The difference
in potential between the welding wire and the
work clamp (or workpiece or taJe if the work
clamp is connected to either) will cause current
(FCAW)
proceedIng.
Install and connect the unit
1.
according
to Section
4.
to flow if contact is made.
2.
Wear
3.
Thoroughly prepare the joint area by cleaning the
base metal with sandpaper or a wire brush.
dry insulating gloves
and
clothing.
being
used
9.
Turn ON the welder, and
Connect the work clamp to a clean, paint-free lo
cation on the workpiece, as close to~the weld area
possible.
begin welding.
as
con-
necessary.
1.
Stop welding.
2.
Turn OFF the welder.
3.
Close gas cylinder valve, if applicable.
HIGH
WARNING:
Setthe THICKNESSNOLTS switch and the FINE
TUNING/WIRE SPEED control to the desired p~
sitions for the base metal thickness and type of
Table 6-1.
#10 lens.
SHUTTING DOWN
6-3.
6.
7.
a
door.1
Close and
secure the access
welding
Fine tune the FINE TUNING/WIRE SPEED
trol
(Section 4-3).
5.
as
Wear
t~ie
sition for the wire
helmet fitted with
8.
10.
the left side access door, arid make sure
desired p~
that the polarity jumper links are in
Open
4.
(see
Do not touch live electrical parts.
WARNING: Read and follow safety Informstlon at beginning of entire Secilon 6 before
I~
used
WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK can kIll.
a
as
I
being
SHIELDING GAS
Shut off gas
Suggested Welding Settings
CONCENTRATION
can harm
supply
OF
health or kIll.
when not in use.
For 70 Ampere Models
GMAW And FCAW
Shielding
Gas
Wire
Diameter
Operator
(inch)
Settings
Material Thickness
ontrol
l2ga.and
Thinner
17-l5ga.
20-l8ga.
Than2Oga.
3-4
3
2
1
100
95
70
55
4
3
2
1
1
90
50
50
60
30
4
3
2
1
1
Speed*
60
40
40
50
25
FINE TUNING/WIRE SPEED control as
cubic feet per hour
required.
Thicker
Range
Solid Steel
CO2
14-l3ga.
~
0.023-0.025
~__________
Feed
Speed
Range
.030
1
Feed
Speed*
E-71T-GS
Range
.035
Feed
*Adju~
+cfh
=
IMPORTANT: If in doubt, set THICKNESSNOLTS switch for voltage desired and set FINE TUNINGNVIRE SPEED
to 50. The weld can be started and fine tuned during operation. If input voltage is low, a higher THICKNESS/VOLTS
setting may be required to obtain desired weld.
OM-12~ 989
Page
17
Table 6-2.
Suggested Welding Settings
For 90
Ampere Models
GMAW And FCAW
Shielding Gas
And Flow Rate
Mateilal Thickness
Wire
Diameter
ODerator
Control
1/8 in.
(inch)
Settings
(3.2 mm)
Range
12 ga.
14 ga.
16 ga.
18 ga.
22 ga.
24 ga.
4
4
3
2
2
1
1
50
50
50
45
40
30
30
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
40
40
40
40
40
40
35
4
4
3
2
2
1
1
64)
55
50
45
40
35
35
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
50
50
50
~0
45
45
40
4
3
3
i
i
i
30
30
20
25
20
20
4
3
2
1
1
1
30
25
25
25
25
20
4
4
4
3
3
2
40
35
35
30
30
20
4
4
4
3
3
2
30
30
30
25
20
15
4
4
4
3
2
15
15
15
15
15
4
3
2
1
85
80
75
70
4
4
2
2
55
60
60
55
.023
Feed
Speed*
E7OS-6
Mild Steel
Range
.030
C02
Feed
Speed*
20 cfh
Range
.035
Feed
Speed*
Range
E7OS-6
.023
Feed
Mild Steel
Speed*
75% Araon
25% Cb2
Range
.030
Feed
20cm
Speed
Range
.030
Feed
Speed
E-71 T-GS
Range
.035
~
Feed
Speed*
Range
.023
Feed
Speed
Range
ER 308
Stainless
Steel
.030
Feed
Speed*
Tri-M ix
Range
2Ocfh
.035
Feed
Speed*
Range
.030
Feed
Aluminum
Speed
Argon
Range
20cm
.035
Feed
Speed*
FINE TUNING/WIRE SPEED control
+cfh ~cubpc feet per hour
Adjust
as
required.
IMPORTANT: If/n doubt, set THICKNESSNOLTS switch for voltage desired and set FINE TUNING/WIRE SPEED
to 50. The weld can be started and fine tuned during operation. If input voltage is low, a higher THICKNESS/VOLTS
setting may be required to obtain desired weld.
OM-121 989
Page
18
SECTION 7- MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
7-1.
C.
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE (Table 7-1)
IMPORTANT: Every six months inspect the labels on
this unit for legibility. All precautionary labels must be
maintained in a c/early readable state and rep/aced
when necessary. See Parts List for part number of
precautionary labels.
a
WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
Do not touch live electrical parts.
Turn OFF welder, and remove input power
plug from receptacle before inspecting, main
taining,
or
servicing.
MOVING PARTS
can cause
serious
Injury.
Keep away from moving parts.
HOT SURFACES
Allow
Internal
a
Cleaning
WARNING: Read and follow safety Informa
tlon at beginning of entire SectIon 7-1 before
proceeding.
months blow out or vacuum dust and dirt from
the inside of the welding power source. Remove the
outer enclosure, and use a clean, dry airstream or vac
uum suction for the cleaning operation. If dusty or dirty
Every six
conditions
7-2.
are
present, clean
DRIVE ROLL CLEANING
before
servicing.
MaIntenance
Frequency*
Every time welding wire is installed or changed, inspect
the wire groove on the drive roll for buiidup of wire parti
cles. If buildup is present, remove the drive roll forclean
ing.
1.
Turn OFF the welder.
2.
Open
3.
Loosen the drive roll pressure adjustment knob,
pivot the pressure adjustment arm down, away
from the cover. Pivot the pressure roll assembly
up until it is in the open position. See Figure 4-4.
4.
Loosen the drive roil setscrews.
5.
Remove the drive roil from the shaft.
6.
Use
7.
Slide the drive roll onto the motor shaft so the
desired wire groove (knurled for flux cored wire,
smooth for hard wire) is toward the inside of the
machine. Push the drive roll back until the desired
groove aligns with the inlet and outlet guides.
V
Units in heavy service environ
ments:
Check labels, weld cables, clean
internal parts.
Every
Check all labels (see IMPORT
ANT block, Section 7-1). Clean
internal parts (see Section 7-1 C).
6 months.
*Frequency of service is based on units operated
40 hours per week. Increase frequency of maint
enance if usage exceeds 40 hours per week.
a
wire brush to clean both drive roll grooves.
roll setscrews making sure that
is centered on the flat of the motor shaft.
Tighten the drive
8.
one
Reinstall the wire spool
9.
according to Section 4-5.
Fan Motor
A.
10.
This unit is equipped with an exhaust fan and relies on
forced draft for adequate cooling. The fan motor is
manufactured with lifetime sealed bearings and requires
no
the left side access door.
Check weld cables (see Section
3 months.
7-1B).
Every
(Figure 7-1)
IMPORTANT: Failure to properly maintain the drive rolls
can result in a buildup of wire particles which will de
crease the efficiency of the wire feeding operation.
Table 7-1. Maintenance Schedule
month.
monthly.
can cause severe burns.
cooling period
Maintenance to be pertormed only by qualified
persons.
Every
the unit
7-3.
Close and
NANCE
HOT SURFACES
WARNING:
severe burns.
a
Weld Cables
Allow
a
WARNING: Read and follow safety Informa
tion at beginning of entire Section 7-1 before
proceeding.
the side access door.
WELDING GUN INSPECTION AND MAINTE
maintenance.
B.
secure
equipment
to cool before
can
cause
handling.
The amount of usage and shop conditions will determine
frequency of this type of maintenance.
the
Every three
months
inspect cables
for breaks in insula
tion. Repair or replace cables if insulation breaks are
present. Clean and tighten connections at each inspec
tion.
1.
Turn OFF and unplug the welder.
2.
Inspect the gun for broken areas, cracks and
loose parts. Tighten, repair, and replace compo
nents as required.
OM-121 989
Page
19
Gun Cable
Connector1
Pressure
Pressure
Bearing
Shaft
I
Roll
Pressure
Adjustment Arm~
Inlet
Guide
K*~~~~.tacrew
TC-121 44&A
FIgure
3.
7-1. WIre Drive
Carefully clean any weld spatter
around the nozzle opening.
4.
or
Assembly
dirt from
Remove the drive roll from the shaft.
6.
Slide the new drive roll onto the motor shaft so the
desired wire groove (knurled for flux cored wire,
smooth for hard wire) is to the inside of the ma
chine. Push the drive roll back until the desired
groove aligns with the inlet and outlet guides.
7.
Tighten
Inspect the cables for frayed or cracked insula
Repair or replace all frayed or cracked ca
bles.
Removegreaseanddirtfromallcomponents. Dry
electrical parts and cables.
one
A~
CAUTION: FLYING DIRT AND METAL CHIPS
can
injure personnel
and
Replacbment
5.
tion.
5.
And
the drive roll setscrews making sure that
is centered on the flat portion of the motor
shaft.
damage equip
8.
ment.
Point gun liner only in a safe direction away
from personnel and equipment when cleaning
with compressed air.
IMPORTANT: Wheneverremoving or replacing the gun
nozzle, twist it in a clockwise direction to avoid damage
to the internal spring.
6.
Remove the nozzle and contact tube.
7.
Blow out gun casing or liner with compressed air
whenever the wire or liner is removed.
7-5.
Close and
secure
the side
door.
PRESSURE
THE
REPLACING
access
BEARING
(FIgure 7-1)
unplug the
welder.
1.
Turn OFF and
2.
Open
3.
Loosen the pressure adjustment knob, pivot the
pressure adjustment arm down, away from the
cover. Pivot the pressure roil assembly up until it
is in the open position.
4.
the left side access door.
Remove the cotter
pin
from the pressure lever
hinge pin.
7-4.
1.
REPLACING THE DRIVE ROLL
Turn OFF and
unplug the
(FIgure 7-1)
6.
Open
3.
Loosen the drive roll pressure adjustment knob,
pivot the pressure adjustment arm down, away
from the cover. Pivot the pressure roll assembly
up until ft is in the open position.
the left side access door.
Loosen the drive roll setscrews.
OM-121 989
Page
20
Remove the pressure lever
assembly
from the
hinge pin.
welder.
2.
4.
5.
Remove the securing
screw
from the pressure
bearing from the
bearing. Remove the pressure
pressure lever assembly.
7.
Install the new pressure
securing
8.
bearing
and reinstall the
screw.
Reinstall the pressure lever assembly onto the
hinge pin.
Reinstall the cotter pin onto the end of the
9.
hinge
7-7.
pin.
10.
Make
the wire is riding in the drive roll
the pressure roll assembly down
Pivot
groove.
onto the drive roll.
sure
Pivot the pressure adjustment arm up until it seats
top of the pressure roll assembly.
11.
on
12.
Turn the pressure adjustment knob clockwise un
til the drive roll assembly is secure. Adjust the
drive roll pressure just enough to prevent the wire
from slipping on or against the drive roll during op
eration.
Close and
13.
secure
the access door.
SHUTDOWN
SHORT CIRCUIT
Models Only)
(90 Ampere
protected from damage due to contact tube
by optical coupler OC1 on motor control circuit
The unit is
short
board PCi. lithe contact tube is shorted to the
woikpiece while welding, the unit completely shuts
down. To resume operation, release guntngger, remove
contact tube from worlcpiece, and continue welding.
7-8.
CIRCUIT BOARD REPLACEMENT
Models Only) (Figure 7-2)
(90 Ampere
If circuit board PCi is at fault for a problem with the unit,
replace the board using the following procedure. Do not
attempt board repair. Contact the nearest Factory
Authorized Service Station for correct replacement part.
WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
7-6.
THE
REPLACING
INLET
WIRE
GUIDE
Do not touch live electrical parts.
(Figure 7-1)
HOT SURFACES
4A
WARNING:
can
Turn OFF welder, and remove input power
plug from receptacle before handling.
cause
severe bums.
Allow
equipment
to cool before
HOT SURFACES
handling.
Allow
Turn OFF and
1.
unplug
the welder.
a
2.
Open the
left side access door.
3.
Loosen the drive roll pressure adjustment knob,
pivot the pressure adjustment arm down, away
from the cover. Pivot the pressure roll assembly
up until it is in the open position.
LOOSE WELDING WIRE
CAUTION:
j~
cause
firm hold
on
wire
during installation,
Spooled wire has a tendency to unravel
when loosened from the spool.
5.
Remove and
touching.
6.
Thread the
4-5.
7.
Pivot the pressure adjustment arm up until it seats
on top of the pressure roll assembly.
8.
Turn the pressure adjustment knob clockwise un
til the drive roll assembly is secure. Adjust the
drive roll pressure just enough to prevent the wire
from slipping on or against the drive roll during op
welding
wire
as
Remove wrapper.
1.
a
EXCESSIVE
CAUTION:
break circuit board.
Use only
ment when
housing
from terminal header
2.
Remove terminal
RCI on PCi.
3.
Note board mounting position, release PCi from
support standoff 5, and remove PCI from center
instructed in Section
the access door.
can
plugs.
baffle in unit.
a
eration.
secure
PRESSURE
minima/pressure and gentle move
disconnecting or connecting board
Install new PCI onto center baffle, and reconnect
terminal housing onto terminal header RC1 on
new PCi. Be sure that all pins on RC1 mate with
socket in terminal
Close and
strap
All directions, such as left or right, are
with respect to the operator facing the unit front panel.
Retain all hardware removed during this procedure for
reinstallation unless specifically told otherwise.
4.
9.
wrist
Transport all static-sensitive components in
proper static-shielding carriers or packages.
Perform work only at a static-safe work area.
replace the inlet guide.
Wire guides should be installed so that
the tip(s) of the guide is as close to the drive roll as
without
ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE
circuit board components.
Put on properly grounded
BEFORE handling circuit boards.
welding gun.
IMPORTANT:
possible
handling.
rapidly
Cut the welding wire at the point where it enters
the wire inlet guide. Pull the wire out through the
nozzle end of the
burns.
IMPORTANT:
removal, and threading operations.
4.
dama,ge
to coo! before
can
Injury.
Keep
equipment
CAUTION:
can
can cause severe
5.
CAUTION:
housing.
INCORRECT INSTALLATION
or
misalIgned plugs can damage circuIt board.
Be sure that plugs are properly installed and
aligned before reinstalling wrapper.
Reinstall wrapper onto unit.
OM-121 989
Page
21
Center Baffle
Relay
CR1
Fan Motor FM
Wire Drive
Assembly
Motor Control
Board PCi
Housing
Relay CR2
R~. TC-121 484
V
FIgure
7-9.
7-2. Motor Control Board PCi
Replacement
REPLACINGTHECONTACTTUBE (FIgure 7-3)
a
WARNING:
HOT SURFACES
can
cause
severe burns.
Allow
equipment
to cool before
Contact Tub.
handllng.
IMPORTANT: Whenever removing or replacing the gun
nozzle, twist it in a clockwise direction to avoid damage
to the internal
spring.
1.
Turn OFF and
2.
Remove the nozzle.
unplug the welder.
Gun/Fsd.r
Cut off any wire that extends
3.
beyond
the end of
the contact tube.
Remove contact tube and contact tube
4.
applicable), and replace
and adapter.
5.
Replace
7-10.
GUN
the nozzle and
WIRE
AND
adapter (if
with new contact tube
Coll.t
resume
LINER
operation.
R&. 1B-121 447
REPLACEMENT
(FIgure 7-3)
4A
WARNING:
HOT
severe burns.
Allow
equipment
FIgure
SURFACES
to coo/before
can
handling.
IMPORTANT: Whenever removing or rep/acing the gun
nozzle, twist it in a clockwise direction to avoid damage
to the internal spring.
OM-121 989
Page
22
7-3. Gun Parts
Replacement
cause
unplug
the welder.
1.
Turn OFF and
2.
Remove the nozzle.
3.
Cut off any wire that extends
the contact tube.
4.
Remove the contact tube.
beyond
the end of
CAUTION:
a
LOOSE WELDING WIRE
can
Injury,
Keep firm hold on wire during installation,
removal, and threading operations.
cause
The wire drive motor MOT is protected from overload by
fuse Fl located in the harness behind the right side
panel.
replace Fl, proceed
To
Spooled wire
has a tendency to unravel
when loosened from the spooI~
rapidly
as
1.
Remove the welder cover.
5.
Retract the wire onto the spool.
2.
Check Fl, and
6.
Disconnect the gun cable from the welder.
3.
Reinstall the cover.
7.
Remove the liner collet.
8.
Lay the cable assembly
no
kinks
or
straight with
coils.
Pull the liner out
9.
out flat and
through the adapter
end of the
gun assembly.
a
CAUTION: FLYING DIRT AND METAL CHIPS
Injure personnel and damage equIp-
can
ment.
Point gun ilner only in a safe direction away
from personnel and equipment when cleaning
with compressed air.
follows:
replace
if necessary.
7.12. THERMAL OVERLOAD PROTECTION
The welder is protected from overheating by thermostat
TPI located on the main transformer Ti. This normally
closed thermostat opens when overheating occurs, and
shuts down the weld output. The fan continues to run
and cools the unit.
Once the welder cools, the thermostat closes and
stores weld output.
re
7-13. TROUBLESHOOTING (Table 7-2)
10.
Blow out the gun
11.
Replace
12.
liner into the gun cable through the
adapter end of the assembly. The liner should ~
casing with compressed
air.
WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK
the contact tube.
Do not
Insert the
against
13.
live electrical parts.
Turn OFF welder, and remove input power
before inspecting, main
plug from receptacle
taining, or servicing.
the contact tube.
Install the collet onto the liner and into the
The liner should still butt against the con
tact tube.
MOVING PARTS
can cause serious
Injury.
Keep away from moving parts.
HOT SURFACES
Cut off and smooth rough edges of the liner at the
adapter end so the liner can be as close to the
Allow cooling
driverollsaspossiblewithouttouchingwhenrein-
Troubleshooting
stalled in the welder.
15.
kIll.
new
adapter.
14.
(ouch
can
can cause severe bums.
period before servicing.
to be
performed only by quail-
tied persons.
Reinstall the gun cable into the wire drive assem
bly.
16.
Thread the
45.
17.
Resume
7-11.
FUSE Fl (70 Ampere Models~
~
welding
wire as instructed in Section
operation.
Only)
WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
Do not touch live electrical parts.
Turn OFF welder, and remove input power
before handling,
plug from receptacle
IMPROPER FUSE
can
damage
Be sure replacement fuse is
and rating (see Parts List).
UnIt,
same
size, type,
It is assumed that the unit was properly installed accordto Section 4 of this manual, the operator is familiar
with the function of controls, the welder was working
ing
properly, and that the trouble is not related to the welding
process. The following table is designed to diagnose and
provide remedies for some of the troubles that may de
velOp in this welder.
conjunction with the circuit diagram
troubleshooting procedures. If the
trouble is not remedied after performing these proce
dures, the nearest Factory Authorized Service Station
Use this table in
while performing
should be contacted. In all cases of
tion, the manufacturers
strictly
equipment matfunc
recommendations should be
followed.
OM-121 989
Page
23
Table 7-2.
TROUBLE
No weld output; wire does
not feed.
TroubleshootIng
REMEDY
PROBABLE CAUSE
Power cord
plug
not secure in wall
Secure plug in receptacle.
receptacle.
line fuse or circuit breaker
Building
line fuse or reset circuit breaker.
Replace
open.
Check and replace Fl (see Section 7-12).
Fuse Fl.
Gun
leads not
trigger connection
Secure gun trigger connector leads.
secure.
open.
Replace gun trigger (if applicable)
repair trigger leads.
Power switch Si.
Replace Si.
Gun trigger,
or
Switch control
gun
trigger leads
relay
or
Replace CR1.
CR1.
Allow fan to run; the thermostat will
close when the unit has cooled (see
No weld output; wire does
not feed; fan motor continues tO fljfl.
Thermostat TP1 open
No weld output; wire feeds.
clamp connection loose or
incomplete due to rust, paint, etc.
on surface of workpiece.
Remake work connection
metal to metal contact.
Contact tube.
Replace
Low weld output.
Low
Connect unit to proper input
check for low line voltage.
voltage
or
Electrode wire stops
feeding while welding.
and/or
replace
liner
cable
(thermal
shutdown).
Section 7-12).
Work
input line power.
Sharp
or
or
excessive bend in gun
liner.
Incorrect drive roll pressure.
Wrong groove
in
place
roll pressure (see Section
4-5).
Reverse to proper groove (see Section 7-4).
hub tension
(see Section 4-6).
contact tube
(see Section 7-9).
Contact tube opening restricted;
bumback of wire into tube.
Replace
Friction in gun.
Check wire passage; clean, replace parts
as required (see Sections 7-9 and 7-10.)
Broken
or
Drive roll
or
or
or
pressure
Clean
(90 Ampere
Replace PCi according
or
bearing
liner.
worn
slipping,
Gun trigger switch
broken.
or
Excessive
of drive motor.
loading
(see Section 7-10).
plugged.
damaged casing
Drive motor.
24
Straighten gun cable
(see Section 7-10).
(see Section 7-9).
Readjust
Motor Drive Board PCI
Models Only).
Page
contact tube
Incorrect hub tension.
Gun casing liner dirty
OM-121 989
r
Adjust drive
drive roll.
on
ensuring good
leads
or
replace
liner
to Section 7-8.
Replace damaged parts (see
Section
7-10).
Replace drive roll or pressure bearing
required ( see Sections 7-4 and 7-5).
Replace switch;
as
check leads and connec
tions.
Clear restriction in drive assembly.
Contact nearest Factory Authorized
Service Station.
SECTION 8
ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS
2
//
z
PLO
GS I
(OPTIONAL)
<
WORK
TORCH
Circuit Diagram No. A-120 666-A
Diagram
8-i. Circuit
Diagram For 70 Ampere Models
P~3I
I~
Circuit
DIagram
8-2. Circuit
Diagram
For 90
Ampere
Diagram
No. SB-i 24 441-A
Models
OM-121 989
Page
25
G
24VAC
H
K
NEG.
VFB
A
MOTOR
J
CONTROL.
RELAY
E
24VAC
F
POS.
V~
0
B
TRIGGER
C
PCI
Circuit Diagram No. SB-i 24474
Diagram
OM-121 989
8-3. Circuit
Page
26
Diagram
For 90
Ampere Model Short Circuit
And Bumback Control Board PCi
R2
81 -B
SC-1 9
CORD
No.
POWER
DIagram
Wiring
GND
Models
Amper
70
For
Diagram
WirIng
8-4.
Diagram
Th~
SI
R2
4 5-D
24
CORD SC-i
No.
POWER
Diagram
Wiring
GND
Models
Amper
90
For
Diagram
WIring
8-5.
Diagram
Si
0
Is.)
(0
0
0
1%) (0
SECTION 9- PROJECT INSTRUCTIONS
~~tS~O45
Butt
E
Horizontal Position Welds
Butt
Ta. Joint
FlUet
Flat Position Welds
Butt
Overhead Position Welds
Lap Joint
Butt
V
V.rtlcal Position Welds
FIgure
a
9-1. Basic Weld Joints
WARNING:
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill;
MOVING PARTS can cause serious Injury;
IMPROPER AIRFLOW AND EXPOSURE TO
ENVIRONMENT can damage internal parts.
HOT METAL, SPATrER, AND
Keep
how to
Keep away from moving parts.
covers
and
panels
in
can
Watch for fire.
Do not touch live electrical parts.
Keep all
operating.
SLAG
cause fire and burns.
a
Do not use
place while
extinguisher neathy, and
fire
know
use it.
near
flammable material.
Allow work and
equipment
to cool before
handling.
Warranty is void if the wire feeder is operated
with any portion of the outer enclosure removed.
MAGNETIC FIELDS FROM HIGH CURRENTS
can affect
ARC RAYS, SPARKS, AND HOT SURFACES
can burn eyes and skin; NOISE can damage
pacemaker operation.
Wearers should consult their doctor before
going near arc welding, gouging, orspot welding
hearing.
operations.
Wear correct eye, ear, and body protection.
Safety Rules For Operation Of
Welding Power Source for basic welding
safety information.
See Section 1
-
Arc
FUMES AND GASES
your health.
can
seriously harm
Keep your head out of the fumes.
Ventilate to keep from
gases.
If ventilation is
9-1.
breathing fumes and
WIRE
inadequate,
can
following instructions are for projects that you can
using your new welder. These projects can be
easily completed after you have had some practice
welding. They can be constructed of mild steel scrap
The
construct
use
approved
breathing device.
WELDING
wounds.
OVERVIEW
cause
puncture
Do not point gun toward any part of the body,
any conductive surface, or other personnel.
metal. Examine dimensions before you start. Most di
mensions can be tailored to fit your exact needs.
Some
Figure
jects.
of
basic
weld
9-1. Use these
the
joints
joints are illustrated in
constructing the pro
when
OM-121 989
Page
29
9-2.
DUST PAN
Sid.
Bottom
s.~Io
FIgure 9-2.
MaterIal For Dust Pan
Table 9-1. Dust Pan Material List
Part
#
Size
Reqd
Bottom
1
Back
1
Side
2
Handle
1
8
x
9 in.
(203.2
9 in.
8
x
1 in.
(152.
4
mm)
2.
Drill hole for
end of handle.
OM-121 989
Page
30
1/2 in.
1
25.4 mm)
Cut materials according to the material list,
Table 9-1, and Figure 9-2. Smooth sharp edges.
(12.7 mm) from
Sheet Metal
mm)
x
1.
hanging
228.6
(228.6 mm)
(203.2
6 in.
x
Description
x
1-1/2 in.
(25.4 x 38.1 mm)
Angle iron
Sheet Metal
5/8 in.
(15.9 mm) Pipe
3.
Weld 1 in. (25.4 mm) side of back to 9 in. (22.86
mm) side of bottom.
4.
Weld sides to 8 in.
5.
Weld end of handle wfthout hole to center of back.
one
(203.2 mm) sides
of bottom.
9-3.
SHOP STOOL
Leg
Top
S-0211
FIgure
9-3. MaterIal For
Table 9-2.
Part
4
22 In.
Bottom Frame
4
12-1/2 in.
4
11 in.
2.
Frame
Top
1
Bolt
4
Nut
4
Cut materials
Table 9-2, and
Drill hole
13
x
13 in.
1 in.
(317.5 mm)
(279.4 mm)
x
330.2 mm)
Iron
1 in.
(25.4 mm) Angle
1 in.
(25.4 mm) Angle Iron
1 in.
(25.4 mm) Angle
1/2 in.
Iron
(12.7 mm) Plywood
Suitable Bolts
(25.4 mm)
Matching Nuts
center of each of the
3.
Weld the four top frame pieces to form
4.
Weld the four bottom frame
pieces
5.
legs to top and bottom frames.
position legs for maximum stability.
6.
Drill holes in the top to match holes drilled in
Weld
Be
sure to
top frame
pieces.
square.
~
Description
(558.8 mm)
(330.2
according t the material list,
Figure 9-3. Smooth sharp edges.
through
Material List
Size
Regd
Leg
Top
1.
#
Shop Stool
Shop Stool
a
square.
to form
Step
2.
a
7.
Use bolts and nuts to attach top to top frame.
OM-121 989
Page
31
94.
ADJUSTABLE SUPPORT/STAND
Slid.
Trunk
S-0212
FIgure
9-4. MaterIal For
Table 9-3.
Adjustable Support/Stand
Adjustable Support/Stand Material List
V.
Part
#
Reqd
23 in.
(254 mm)
1-1/4 in.
(31.7 mm) Angle
Iron
(101.6 mm)
1-1/4 in.
(31.7 mm) Angle
iron
Support
1
End
2
4 in.
Slide
1
18 in.
Trunk
1
6 in.
Rod
1
3 in.
(76.2 mm)
Bolt
1
1 in.
(25.4 mm)
Nut
1
10 in.
(457.2 mm)
2.
Weld end
3.
Weld end of slide to support and bottom
support to slide.
4.
Drill a hole large enough to accommodate bolt 1
in. (25.4 mm) from one end of the trunk.
OM-121 989
the nut
Page
according to the material list,
Figure 9-4. Smooth sharp edges.
32
over
1-1/4 in.
1/4 in.
(31.7 mm) Pipe
(6.3 mm) Rod
Hex Head Bolt
6.
legs to trunk being sure they are evenly
spaced around the trunk and located at the proper
angle to provide stability.
7.
Place slide into trunk.
8.
Weld rod to head of bolt.
9.
Adjust stand
support.
the hole and weld it in
(25.4 m) Pipe
Hex Head Nut To Match Bolt
Cut materials
Table 9-3, and
Align
1 in.
(152.4 mm)
1.
5.
Iron
1 in.
3
to
(25.4 mm) Angle
(584.2 mm)
Leg
pieces
Description
Length
edge
of
place.
10.
Weld
to desired
Insert bolt and
tighten.
height.
Shaft
Ilandi.
Ax1
Ball Hitch
S.0213
Figure
9-5. MaterIal For Trailer
Dolly
Table 9-4. TraIler Dolly MaterIal List
Part
#
Reqd
Length
v
Description
(25.4 mm) Pipe
Shaft
1
30 in.
(762 mm)
I in.
Handle
1
10 in.
(254 mm)
3/4 in.
Support
1
7 In.
Axle
1
14-1/2 In.
Upright
1
9-1/2 in.
Wheel
2
8 in.
Washer
4
1-1/2 in.
Pin
2
Ball
1
518 in.
(177.8 mm)
(19 mm) Pipe
(15.9 mm) Pipe
(368.3 mm)*
3/4 In.
(241.3 mm)
1 In.
2 in.
(19 mm) Rod
(25.4 mm) Pipe
(203.2 mm) Wheels
(38.1 mm) Washers
(50.8 mm) Cotter Pins
Trailer Ball
*Size axle to wheels.
1.
Cut
materials
according
to
list,Table 9-4 and Figure 9-5.
the
material
Smooth sharp
edges.
2.
Drill holes for cotter
3.
Put wheel assembly together. Slide one washer,
wheel, and another washer to each end of the
pins in
both ends of axle.
Weld the other end of the shaft to the center of
axle.
8.
Flatten one end of
9.
Weld the flattened end of upright to axle.
should be positioned next to and at a 45
angle to shaft.
upright.
Position brace between
upright
Upright
degree
and shaft. Weld
axle. Install cotter pins. Allow room for wheel rota
tion, and markthe location of the inside washeron
10.
each end of the axle. Take apart the wheel assem
11.
Insert trailer ball into
12.
Put wheel assembly together. Slide wheel, and
another washer to each end of the axle. Secure
wheels in place with cotter pins by bending both
legs of cotter pin around the axle in one direction
or by bending one leg clockwise and the other leg
counterclockwise. Legs should conform to con
bly.
4.
7.
Weld
one
washer to the axle at each of the
marked locations.
5.
Flatten both ends of shaft.
6.
Weld handle to
one
end of shaft.
into
place.
tour of axle as
tightly
upright.
as
possible.
OM-121 989
Page
33
SECTION 10- WELDING TECHNIQUES & TROUBLESHOOTING
a
CAUTION: WELDING CURRENT can dam
age vehicle components and other elec
tronic components.
the seam before
gun
lowering
the helmet and
pressing
the
trigger.
Disconnect both battery cables before weld
on a vehicle.
ing
Place workclamp as close to the weld as pos
sible to avoid long electrical paths.
Be sure gun to power source as well as cable
connections to work clamp are clean and tight.
To minimize risk, disconnect the
from the vehicle.
10-1. GAS METAL ARC
CONTINUOUS SEAM
WELDING
computer(s)
(GMAW)
-
TA.057 489.118
Figure
10-2. Gun PosItIon
along the seam in a steady
drag technique (see Figure
oscillated
be
a few degrees beyond each
it
or
can
8-3),
side of the seam. The travel speed will be regulated by
the type of weld bead required, the thickness of the ma
terial, welding current selected and the technique used.
However, the average speed is 15 to 20 inches per min
ute (0.4-0.5 mpm).
The gun
can
be moved
movement known as the
FIgure
10-1. ContInuous Seam
The ability to produce a good bead while using the Con
tinuous Seam Gas Metal Arc process is dependent on
several factors. One of the most important, after wire
and shielding gas selection, is the way the gun is held.
Cradle the gun in one hand and rest the side of the hand
on the workpiece (avoid doing this on hot material); use
other hand to hold gun and control the gun trigger. Posi
tion the gun either toward or away from the body at a 45
to 60 degree lead angle (see Figure 8-2). This will give a
good view of the arc and make it easier to follow the
seam while wearing a helmet. Maintain a 1/4 to 5/16 inch
(6-8 mm) distance from the bottom of the gun nozzle to
the workpiece during the arc starting and welding period.
Do not pull the gun back from the seam when the arc
starts, as this will create a long wire extension and result
in a poor weld.
The
welding
wire is not energized until the trigger is
pressed. Therefore the welding wire can be extended
1/4 inch (6 mm) beyond the gun nozzle and placed on
OM-121 989
Page
34
0
£ S a
a
TA.057 4~-18
FIgure
10-3.
WeldIng Techniques
Otherwelding techniques that affect the weld character
istics in the GMAW welding process include the back
hand and forehand technique, and the vertical up and
vertical down positions. In the backhand technique the
gun is positioned so that the electrode wire is feeding in
the opposite direction of arc travel. The filler metal is be
ing fed into the weld metal previously deposited. In the
forehand technique the gun is angled so that the elec
trode wire is fed in the same direction as the arc travel.
The backhand technique generally yields a more stable
arc and less spatter on the workpiece.
-
~-
Direction of Arc Travel
Backhand
Direction of Arc Travel
-
Forehand
Technique
Figure
10-4.
Technique
Longitudinal Gun Posftlons
The vertical up and/orvertical down techniques describe
the direction of arctraveiwhen theweiding must be done
in the vertical position. In both of these techniques gun
plete weld penetration. The drag technique is generally
employed when welding in the vertical position, but
when bridging a gap, the arc can be oscillated from one
positioning is extremely important because the arc must
be kept on the leading edge of the puddle to ensure corn-
side of the work to the other.
Is
.4
Vertical
Up
Figure
10-5.
Vertical Down
WeldIng
In The Vertical
Up And VertIcal Down
10-2. TROUBLESHOOTiNG THE GAS METAL ARC WELDING
A.
Position
(GMAW) PROCESS
Porosity
r
Figure
10-6.
Porosity
OM-121 989
Page
35
CorTectlve Actions
PossIble Causes
1.
Inadequate shielding gas coverage.
Remove spatter from the gun nozzle.
Check gas hoses for leaks.
Eliminate drafts (from fans, open doors, etc.)
welding
blowing
into the
arc.
Place nozzle 1/4 to 5/16 in. (6-8 mm) from
Increase gas flow to
displace all
workpiecca.
air from the weld zone.
Decrease excessive gas flow to avoid turbulence and the
entrapment of air in the weld
zone.
Hold gun at end of weld until molten metal solidifies.
Check for frozen
2.
Wrong gas.
3.
Dirty welding
Use
wire.
CO2 regulator/f lowmeter.
welding grade shielding gas.
Use clean and
dry welding
Eliminate pick up of oil
conduit.
or
wire.
lubricant
on
welding
wire from feeder
or
4.
Workpiece dirty.
Remove all grease, oil, moi~ture, rust,
dirt from work surface before welding.
Use
5.
B.
Welding
wire extends too far out of nozzle.
Excessive
a more
Welding
highly deoxidizing welding
wire should extend 1/4 in.
Excessive spatter when
using CO
2
Select lower
control.
voltage range
incomplete Fusion
Figure
OM-121 989
Page
(6 mm)
out of nozzle.
Corrective Actions
shielding gas.
C.
wire.
Spatter
Possible Causes
1.
paint, undercoating,
36
10-7.
Incomplete Fusion
or
adjust WIRE FEED SPEED
and
Corrective Actions
Possible Causes
1.
Clean weld surfaces of
Workpiece dirty.
paint, dirt,
2.
Insufficient heat input.
etc.)_prior
to
impurities (grease, oil, moisture, rust,
welding.
Select higher voltage range
or
adjust
WIRE FEED SPEED
control.
3.
When using a weaving technique dwell
side walls of the groove.
Improper welding technique.
Provide
improved
access at root
Keep electrode directed
Provide proper gun
D.
on
the
joints.
leading edge
of the
puddle.
angle (see Section 7-1).
Lack of Penetration
FIgure
10-8. Lack of PenetratIon
PossIble Causes
1.
at the
of
momentarily
Corrective Actions
Material too thick. Joint preparation and design must be
adequate to provide access to the bottom of the groove while
maintaining proper welding wire extension and arc character
Improper joint preparation.
istics.
2.
Improper weld technique.
Maintain normal gun angle to achieve maximum
penetration
(see Section 7-1).
Keep
3.
Insufficient heat
input.
arc on
Select
leading edge
higher voltage range and
Reduce the travel
Be
E.
Excessive Penetration
of the
sure
welding
puddle.
wire
speed.
speed.
wire extends 1/4 in.
(6 mm)
out of nozzle.
(Burn-Through)
~
FIgure 10-9. Excessive
PenetratIon
Possible Causes
1.
Excessive heat
input.
Corrective Actions
Select lower voltage range and reduce wire speed.
Increase travel
speed.
OM-121 989
Page
37
F.
Cracks In Weld Metal
Possible Causes
1.
Improper joint preparation.
2.
Heat Input too high causing
shrinkage and distortion.
Corrective Actions
Material too thick. Joint preparation and design must be
adequate to provide access to the bottom of the groove while
maintaining proper welding wire extension and arc character
istics.
Select lower
excessive
and reduce wire speed.
Increase travel speed.
.
G.
voltage range
Waviness of Bead
-
I
Figure 10-10. Waviness of Bead
Corrective Actions
Possible Causes
1.
Welding wire extends
2.
Unsteady
H.
too far out of nozzle.
hand.
Welding wire
Support
on
(6 mm)
out of nozzle.
solid surface.
Humping
Figure
Possible Causes
1.
hand
should extend 1/4 in.
Excessive heat
input.
10-11.
Humping
Corrective Actions
Select lower voltage range
or
increase travel
speed.
Weld in small segments and allow to cool between welds.
OM-121 989 Pae38
AUTO BODY REPAIR APPLICATION
SECTION 11
CAUTiON: WELDING CURRENT can dam
age vehicle computers and other electronic
a
5.
Place the VOLTAGE ADJUSTMENT switch in the 3
position.
components.
Disconnect both battery cables before weld
ing on a vehicle.
install the spot nozzle
7.
With the shielding gas and power source turned on,
place the spot nozzle and press firmly against the
new material about 1/2 to 3/4 In. (12-18 mm), from
Place work clamp as close to the weld aspos
sible to avoid long electrical paths.
edge. Fit up must
peatable spot welds.
the
Be sure gun to power source as well as cable
connections to work clamp are clean and tight.
To minimize risk, disconnect the
from the vehicle.
computer(s)
the gun.
6.
8.
on
be
tight
to assure
good,
re
Begin spotweldingfromthe centerout on each side.
Distortion may occur if welding begins at the cor
ners.
11-1. POINTERS
FOR
WELDING
AUTO
BODY
9.
SHEET METAL
Before using this equipment to weld on a finished piece
of work, make a few practice welds on a sample piece of
material the same as that of the finished workpiece.
Whenever possible, weld in the fiat position since this is
the easiest position to learn. Be sure that the material to
be welded is clean and free of paint and rust. The work
cable clamp must be attached to the parts being welded.
Clean surface to ensure proper grounding and to com
plete the current path.
Use a .023 in. (0.6 mm) E7OS-6 wire and
dioxide shielding gas.
argon/carbon
Space spot welds 1 to 1/2 In. (25-38 mm) apart
around repair. Spot welds should be about 3/16 in.
(5 mm) in diameter.
IMPORTANT: Do not make continuous welds around
the repair as this will promote distortion and warpage.
10.
Afterwelding,
remove the
clamp and grind spotfiush
to surface.
11. Smooth the
j~nts
with
body filler
and finish.
11-3. PROCEDURES FOR WELDING DOOR PANELS
IMPORTANT: Every experienced auto body repairman
will have his own met hod of performing the fob wing pro
cedures. However, this in formation is presented to show
Use direct current straight polarity (electrode negative)
for reduced burn through. Check position of gun polarity
changeover jumper links according to information found
how, in most cases, this welding powersource can make
in a separate section previously covered In this manual.
If necessary, reposition jumper links.
If the door is severely damaged, but the damage is pri
marily in the outer panel, or uskinn the doorcan be easily
repaired without necessarily installing a whole new door.
IMPORTANT: Formaximum penetration on thicker ma
terials such as 18 gauge (1.22 mm) and thicker, recon
the job easier and less time
consuming.
1.
Remove exterior molding and hardware. It is not
necessary to remove window regulator, remote con
trol mechanisms, lock or runs.
2.
11.2. PROCEDURE FOR WELDING MiLD STEELS
Remove door assembly, and place on flat surface
with edge of door extending over edges of surface to
The
provide
nect for direct current reverse
negative, electrode
wire to
polarity (work
positive).
lead to
following are some basic guidelines that can be
used when using this welding power source to weld mild
or high strength steels:
room to work.
Door Skin
1.
Use a power wire brush or sanderto remove paint to
bare metal in the area to be repaired. Two to three
inches (51-76 mm) on either side of the weld area
should be cleaned for applying
is completed.
Damage
body filler after weld
ing
2.
Remove
damaged
Inner
metal
using hand cutters,
shears, or a power hand gnnder equipped with a cut
ting wheel.
dge Of Skin Crimped
Flange
Around Door
TA-087 297
3.
Fit
a new
piece of sheet steel over the section which
removed. The new material should
cut away section by one inch (25 mm).
was
4.
Clamp
weld.
the
new
metal in
place,
overlap
and prepare to
Figure
11-1.
Cutaway Of Door
Panel
Damage
the
3.
If door has an outer
weld.
4.
Grind off the hem flange and
spot
panel reinforcement,
break the
remove the old
OM-121 989
panel.
Page
39
5.
Repair
inner panels must be
any damage to the inner panel.
6.
Position the new outer panel overdoor and bend the
end flange over the inner flange.
7.
Spot
panel.
8.
Spot
9.
Metal finish exterior surface,
terior trim and hardware.
weld outer
weld
new
panel
hem
reinforcement to
flange
to inner
panel.
Sgo~W~dO1fl
Pulsed Seem
Reinforcement
Welds
~~er
11-2. Hem
Flange
Removal
11-4. HOW TO PREVENT GLASS BREAKAGE AND
SPATTER ON WINDOWS
Spatter and excessive heat can become problems
welding near windows. Protect the windows by
keeping them covered and as far away from the heat
zone as possible. When welding must be performed
when
nearwindows, the windows should be covered and pro
tected from excessive heat by using wet rags. A putty
like substance which reduces heat transfer is available
through your welding supplier. If bum through and spat
ter become problems, ensure that the correct voltage
tap is being used for the size material being welded. Use
an argon and CO gas t~ixture and check travel speed.
11-5. PROCEDURES FOR WELDING FENDERS AND
QUARTER PANELS
complete panel
TA.O07 290
Inner
TA.007 290
a
Welds
11-3. AutomotIve Body SectIons Assem
bled With Continuous Seam, Pulsed, And Spot
Welds
Pans
When
Spot
Figure
Reinforcement
FIgure
Continuous Seem
Welds
door
paint and assembly in
~
Flange
Strip
Hem
new
carefully checked, straightened or
replaced.
must be
replaced it will be nec
bolts securing the panel to the rest
essary to remove the
of the structure, or to Cut through the spot welds if the
panel is welded in place. In most cases a front fenderwill
be bohed in place, while the other panels will be either
spot welded or continuous seam welded. The alignment
of front fenders is usually simple because the bolt holes
are often elongated so that the position of the new front
fender can be shifted and correctly aligned. Generally all
other panels are welded into place.
The new outer panel can then be placed and held in posi
tion by vice-grips or c-clamp. When welding, start at the
center and proceed first in one direction and then the
other. In order to ensure reduced distortion due to heat,
weld only a section of 2 or3 in. (51-76mm) at a time. It is
important to constantly check the over all temperature of
the sheet steel around the welding area, because it is in
this concentrated heat area that warpage and distortion
will begin. Leave a gap and then weld another short sec
tion. When the weld is completed it can be hammered
down, filled with body putty and sanded.
11-6. WELDING FRAMES AND HIGH STRENGTh
(HSS) STEELS
The
new
HSS steels
are
used
on
many of the
new econ
omy compact cars. HSS steels can be found in the steel
gussets, brackets, floor pans, and support members of
these new models. HSS steels are thinner forweight re
duction and are heat sensitive. As heat is applied, the
strength decreases and cracking can occur, therefore
the heat affected zone must be kept as small as possi
ble. For this reason the GMAW welding process has be
come the preferred method for welding HSS steels, and
the oxacetylene welding or
wider heat affective area,
brazing processes,
are normally not
mended.
If the whole
panel is to be replaced, the old panel must be
by cutting along the weld if welded by continu
ous seam, or by drilling out the spot welds if it is spot
welded in place. Car and body manufacturers have the
panels welded in different places, so it will be necessary
to inspect the body to determine where the welds are lo
cated in each case. After the old panel is removed, the
removed
OM.121 989
Pago
40
Figure
11-4.
ApplicatIon
Of
Body Putty
with its
recom
SECTION 12
PARTS LIST
OM-121 989
Page
41
484-C
SC.12
24
23
22
25
33
35
21
12-2
ilustraed)
14
Pro
9
36
3
~~~5
8
31
37
43
7
44
45
46
42-
41
(Benchmark
Asembly
Main
12-1.
Figure
53
12-3
Fig
Item
No.
Dia.
Mkgs.
Part
No.
FIgure
1
2
3
4
5
6
6
CR1
CR1
7
8
FM
9
10
12
PCI
PLG2
13
VR1
14
R2
15
Cl
11
010909
010910
073355
111 998
111929
120706
006393
120675
111 931
005656
110375
119539
118936
23
087156
117116
109039
108105
604550
089120
116996
605 277
119116
089899
126416
126415
24
121316
25
+128 667
26
119120
059 712
119653
000101
16
17
18
19
GS1
20
21
22
27
Ri
27
RI
111 644
28
29
29
30
PLGI
PLG1
S2
31
32
33
TI
33
Ti
34
TP1
34
35
TP1
Z
120964
113494
111897
127023
019663
119825
118 090
124849
123411
120638
125552
118457
36
111 443
37
39
097922
010368
026843
40
Fig
41
025338
38
42
Si
12-4
111 997
43
44
CR2
45
SR2
46
Quantity
Descnption
12-1. MaIn
Benchmark!
Assembly
NUT, slflkg hex .375-16
WASHER, flat- SAE .375
SPRING, compression .437 ID x .625 OD x 1.000
PIN, cotter .120 dia x 2.375
HUB, spool
RELAY, encI24VAC DPDT
RELAY, end 24VAC DPDT
BRACKET, mtg fan motor
MOTOR, fan 120V 50/60 Hz 2600 RPM
BLADE, fan 6 in 4 wing 30 deg
STAND-OFF SUPPORT, No.6 scr
CIRCUIT CARD, shutdown/burnback (Fig 12-2)
HOUSING, term header 10 pin
VARISTOR, 10 joule 68VDC
RESISTOR, WW fxd 20W 50 ohm
CAPACITOR, elctlt 46000uf 35VDC
CLAMP, capacitor 2.500 dia
HOSE, brd No. 1 x .187 ID (order by ft)
CLAMP, hose .375-.450 dia
VALVE, 115VAC 2 way 1/4 IPS port 1/8 orf .
NUT, nyl hex jam .750 NPSR
PANEL, side
-
Benchmark
I
I
2
2
1
I
1
1
1
1
I
1
I
1
I
1
1
I
3
1
1
1
1
I
1
1
1
1
1
3ft
2
1
1
1
1
1
LATCH
1
I
HANDLE, molded plastic
CLAMP, saddle alum ally 380-3
LABEL warning general precautionary
1
1
1
I
I
I
WRAPPER
1
1
CASE SECTION, base/front/rear
1
I
CUP, component .437 mtg
RHEOSTAT, WW 25W 50 ohm
RHEOSTAT, WW 50W 16 ohm
BUSHING, strain-relief .370/.430 ID
CORD SET, pwr 300V l4ga 3/c 7ft
CORD SET, pwr 300V l4ga 3/c 7ft
1
I
1
1
x
.875 mtg hole
SWITCH, rotary 4 posn 600V (consisting of)
KNOB, pointer
MOUNT, 15/16ODx3/16x3/8
TRANSFORMER, main 115 (consisting of)
COIL
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
4
1
1
1
TRANSFORMER, main 115 (consisting of)
COIL
1
THERMOSTAT, NC
THERMOSTAT, NC
1
STABILIZER
1
1
1
1
BUSHING, strain relief .240/.510 ID x .875 mtg hole
KNOB, pointer
CLAMP, grd 100A
INSULATOR, vinyl blk-43
GUN, MWG-1 60B
BUSHING, 23/32 dia x .625
SWITCH, rocker SPST 1OA 250 VAC
NAMEPLATE, (order by model & serial number)
-
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
129696
119264
CONTACTOR, 25A 1 P 25VAC coil
RECTIFIER, Si 1 ph 100A
1
1
010047
TUBING, stl .625 00
1
1
x
12 ga
x
1.000
OM-121 989
Page
43
Item
No.
Dia.
Mkgs.
Part
No.
FIgure
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
TEl
Fl
122 385
601 835
038 887
116620
038 618
130 900
603 107
Fig 12-3
089 120
113 129
112863
*012 663
053 297
120 077
Quantity
Description
12-1. Main
Assembly (Continued)
TERMINAL ASSEMBLY,
NUT, brs hex 10-32
STUD, pri bd brs 10-32
Benchmark
changeover (consisting of)
x
1.375
Bn~maflc
1
1
8
8
4
4
TERM1NALBOARD
LINK, jumper
BAFFLE, air
HOSE, nprn .156 ID (order by ft)
DRIVE ASSEMBLY, wire
CLAMP, hose .375-.450 cip dia
TUBING, PVC .250 ID x .062 (order by ft)
FITTING, adapter hose
FUSE, mintr gi slo-blo 3A
HOLDER, fuse crtg
BLANK, snap-in sq 1.250
1
1
2
2
1
1
itt
itt
I
I
2
4ft
2
4ft
1
1
I
1
-
1
When
ordering a component originally displaying a precautionary label, the label should also be ordered.
Recommended Spare Parts.
BE SURE TO PROVIDE MODEL AND SERIAL NUMBER WHEN ORDERING REPLACEMENT PARTS.
V
OM-121 989 Page 44
Item
No.
Part
No.
PCI
119 539
C8
C9
Cl 0
CR1
111 944
044 176
028 290
099 018
05
028 351
026202
D6,8
D7
Fl
OC1
02
037 084
*073 426
114 712
03
R13
R14
R15
R16,21
R17
Rl8
R19
R20
RCI
114 714
114713
028 285
035 823
039 331
035827
039328
039 334
030 843
039 335
118 935
Quantity
Description
FIgure
12-2. CIrcuit
Card, Shutdown/Burnback (FIg 12-1 Item 11)
CAPACITOR, elctlt 68uf 35VDC
CAPACITOR, cer .Oluf 1000VOC
1
CAPACITOR, elctlt 1 uf 5OVDC
RELAY, end 24V0C SPOT
DIODE, sig .020A 75V SP
DIODE, 1A400VSP
DIODE, zener 4.7V 1W SP-55
FUSE, mintr gi slo-blo 5A
IC, interface lid
TRANSISTOR, PNP 200MA 80V
TRANSISTOR, NPN 200MA8OV
RESISTOR, C .5W 100 ohm
RESISTOR, CF .25W 100 ohm
RESISTOR, CF .25W 4.7K ohm
RESISTOR, CF .25W 10K ohm
RESISTOR, CF .25W 1.5K ohm
RESISTOR, CF .25W 27K ohm
RESISTOR, C 1W 680 ohm
RESISTOR, CF .25W 47K ohm
TERMINAL, header 10 pin
1
I
I
I
2
I
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
I
1
V
A.119 541.A
Figure
12-2. CIrcuit
Card, Shutdown/Burnback PCI
Spare Parts.
BE SURE TO PROVIDE MODEL AND SERIAL NUMBER WHEN ORDERING REPLACEMENT PARTS.
*Recommended
OM-121 989
Page
45
4 8-8
I
TC-12
Ilustraed)
Pro
(Benchmark
21
I
Ttiru
12
Wire
2
Asembly,
DrIve
12-3.
Figure
2.
20
11
Item
No.
Dia.
Mkgs.
Part
No.
FIgure
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
MOT
MOT
119 021
124 506
604 657
602 213
010910
128189
602 211
604 538
129893
126838
090416
124817
604 741
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
54)
MOTOR, gear 12VDC 80RPM (Benchmark)
MOTOR, 12VDC 100RPM (Benchmark Pro)
SCREW, cap hex hd .375-16 x 1.250
WASHER, lock-split .375
WASHER, flat-SAE .375
1
SCREW,cap-hexhd.312-18x1.750
WASHER, lock split .312
1
1
1
-
I
1
I
2
-
WASHER, flat SAE .312
INSULATOR, housing-drive
WIRE DRIVE, (consisting of)
PIN, hinge
-
1
1
1
HOUSING
1
KNOB, adj-tension
WASHER, lock ext tooth No. 10
3
537
853
028
169
862
203
096
~UT, hex full fnsh .312-18
SCREW, rdh 10-32 x .750
ROLL, drive V groove
3
I
010224
058 549
085 242
085 244
090
092
602
604
605
119
602
601
602
602
12-1 Item
237
204
111 523
16
19
20
Assembly, Wire (Fig
415
112 031
114 415
17
12-3. DrIve
PIN, cotter-hair .042 x .937
LEVER, pressure roll
BEARING, ball
SCREW, sti phillips-fiat hd 10-24 x .625
~PlN, spring .187x1.000
GUIDE, wire inlet 1/16
FASTENER, pinned
WASHER, cupped .328 ID x .812 OD x .125
SPRING, compression .720 OD x 1.250
15
18
Quantity
Description
I
1
-
I
1
I
I
-
1
I
1
I
-
I
-
-
SCREW, set-skt hd 8-32 x .187
NUT, hex 10-32
WASHER, lock split No. 10
SCREW, flhd 10-32 x .750
2
1
I
-
1
BE SURE TO PROVIDE MODEL AND SERIAL NUMBER WHEN ORDERING REPLACEMENT PARTS.
OM-121 989 Page 47
N
V
1
11
3
17
18
Ref. SC-Ito 832
Figure
OM-121 989
Page
48
12-4.
Exploded
View Of MWG-160B
Item
No.
Part
No.
Figure
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
8
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
13
14
15
16
17
18
110 793
110 795
110 780
110 779
110781
128878
118571
112 743
112 751
121 935
110
110
080
110
110
110
789
794
565
797
783
784
121 905
120715
079 974
110 796
047 994
110 792
Quantity
Descnption
12-4.
Exploded
View Of MWG-160B
(FIg
12-1 item
40)
1
H1~NDLE ASSEMBLY
TUBE, head (consisting of)
~NUT,M10x1
~JACKET,hdtube
1
2
1
I
~STOP, nozzle
ADAPTER, headtube/nozzle
1
SPRING, nozzle
TUBE, contact .024 wire
TUBE, contact .030 wire
I
TUBE, contact .035 wire
NOZZLE, slip type 1/2 on
1
I
I
1
1
TRIGGER SWITCH ASSEMBLY
TERMINAL, friction-female .110
SLLEEVE, rbr
x
2
.016 22-18 wire
1
1
LINER, .023-.030 wire (consisting of)
COLLET, liner .023-.030 wire
LINER, .030-.035 wire (consisting of)
COLLET, liner .035 wire
0-RING, 1/2 ID x .103
CONNECTOR, gun/feeder
TERMINAL, friction-female .250 x .032 22-18 wire
I
1
1
2
1
2
I
CABLE/CONDUIT, lOft
BE SURE TO PROVIDE MODEL AND SERIAL NUMBER WHEN ORDERING REPLACEMENT PARTS.
OM-121 989 Page 49
V
Download PDF