Epson | C80673 | Service manual | Epson C80673 Service manual

EPSON
FX-2180
PRODUIT
EPSON France S.A.
SERVICE MANUAL
6(59,&(0$18$/
3LQ,PSDFW'RW3ULQWHU
EPSON FX-2180
®
4009047
NOTICE
„
„
„
„
All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,
mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION.
The contents of this manual are subject to change without notice.
All effort have been made to ensure the accuracy of the contents of this manual. However, should any errors be deteced, SEIKO EPSON would greatly
appreciate being informed of them.
The above not withstanding SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION can assume no responsibility for any errors in this manual or the consequences thereof.
EPSON is a registered trademark of SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION.
General Notice:
Other product names used herein are for identification purpose only and may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
owners. EPSON disclaims any and all rights in those marks.
Copyright © 1996 SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION. Printed in Japan.
PRECAUTIONS
Precautionary notations throughout the text are categorized relative to 1)Personal injury and 2) damage to equipment.
DANGER
Signals a precaution which, if ignored, could result in serious or fatal personal injury. Great caution should be exercised in performing
procedures preceded by DANGER Headings.
WARNING
Signals a precaution which, if ignored, could result in damage to equipment.
The precautionary measures itemized below should always be observed when performing repair/maintenance procedures.
DANGER
1. ALWAYS DISCONNECT THE PRODUCT FROM THE POWER SOURCE AND PERIPHERAL DEVICES PERFORMING ANY MAINTENANCE OR
REPAIR PROCEDURES.
2. NOWORK SHOULD BE PERFORMED ON THE UNIT BY PERSONS UNFAMILIER WITH BASIC SAFETY MEASURES AS DICTATED FOR ALL
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS IN THEIR LINE OF WORK.
3. WHEN PERFORMING TESTING AS DICTATED WITHIN THIS MANUAL, DO NOT CONNECT THE UNIT TO A POWER SOURCE UNTIL
INSTRUCTED TO DO SO. WHEN THE POWER SUPPLY CABLE MUST BE CONNECTED, USE EXTREME CAUTION IN WORKING ON POWER
SUPPLY AND OTHER ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS.
WARNING
1. REPAIRS ON EPSON PRODUCT SHOULD BE PERFORMED ONLY BY AN EPSON CERTIFIED REPAIR TECHNICIAN.
2. MAKE CERTAIN THAT THE SOURCE VOLTAGES IS THE SAME AS THE RATED VOLTAGE, LISTED ON THE SERIAL NUMBER/RATING PLATE. IF
THE EPSON PRODUCT HAS A PRIMARY AC RATING DIFFERENT FROM AVAILABLE POWER SOURCE, DO NOT CONNECT IT TO THE POWER
SOURCE.
3. ALWAYS VERIFY THAT THE EPSON PRODUCT HAS BEEN DISCONNECTED FROM THE POWER SOURCE BEFORE REMOVING OR REPLACING
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS AND/OR INDIVIDUAL CHIPS.
4. IN ORDER TO PROTECT SENSITIVE MICROPROCESSORS AND CIRCUITRY, USE STATIC DISCHARGE EQUIPMENT, SUCH AS ANTI-STATIC
WRIST STRAPS, WHEN ACCESSING INTERNAL COMPONENTS.
5. REPLACE MALFUNCTIONING COMPONENTS ONLY WITH THOSE COMPONENTS BY THE MANUFACTURE; INTRODUCTION OF SECONDSOURCE ICs OR OTHER NONAPPROVED COMPONENTS MAY DAMAGE THE PRODUCT AND VOID ANY APPLICABLE EPSON WARRANTY.
PREFACE
This manual describes basic functions, theory of electrical and mechanical operations, maintenance and repair procedures of FX-2180. The instructions and
procedures included herein are intended for the experienced repair technicians, and attention should be given to the precautions on the preceding page. The
chapters are organized as follows:
CHAPTER 1.
PRODUCT DESCRIPTIONS
Provides a general overview and specifications of the product.
CHAPTER 2.
OPERATING PRINCIPLES
Describes the theory of electrical and mechanical operations of the product.
CHAPTER 3.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Provides the step-by-step procedures for troubleshooting.
CHAPTER 4.
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Describes the step-by-step procedures for disassembling and assembling the
product.
CHAPTER 5.
ADJUSTMENTS
Provides Epson-approved methods for adjustment.
CHAPTER 6.
MAINTENANCE
Provides preventive maintenance procedures and the lists of Epson-approved
lubricants and adhesives required for servicing the product.
APPENDIX
Provides the following additional information for reference:
• Connector pin assignments
• Electric circuit boards components layout
• Exploded diagram
• Electrical circuit boards schematics
REVISION STATUS
Rev.
A
Date
1998/04/02
Page(s)
All
Contents
First release
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PRODUCT DESCRIPTIONS
1.1 SPECIFICATIONS .........................................................................................................................................................1-1
1.2 OPERATION..................................................................................................................................................................1-8
1.2.1 Control Panel Operation.....................................................................................................................................................................1-8
1.2.1.1 Switches ....................................................................................................................................................................................1-8
1.2.1.2 Lamps .......................................................................................................................................................................................1-9
1.2.2 Buzzer ..................................................................................................................................................................................................1-9
1.3 SPECIAL FUNCTION ........................................................................................................... .......................................1-10
1.3.1 Operation at power on......................................................................................................................................................................1-10
1.3.1.1 Self Test ..................................................................................................................................................................................1-10
1.3.1.2 Default Setting.........................................................................................................................................................................1-10
1.3.1.3 Data Dump ..............................................................................................................................................................................1-11
1.3.1.4 Clear EEPROM .......................................................................................................................................................................1-11
1.3.1.5 Clear EEPROM for driving line counter for ribbon changing timing.........................................................................................1-11
1.3.1.6 Alternate copy mode ..............................................................................................................................................................1-11
1.3.1.7 Bi-D Adjustment ......................................................................................................................................................................1-12
1.4 CONSUMABLES & OPTIONS...................................................................................................... ...............................1-12
1.4.1 Consumables ....................................................................................................................................................................................1-12
1.4.2 Options ..............................................................................................................................................................................................1-12
OPERATING PRINCIPLES
2.1 OVERVIEW....................................................................................................................................................................2-1
2.1.1 Printer Mechanism..............................................................................................................................................................................2-1
2.1.2 Power Supply Circuit..........................................................................................................................................................................2-2
2.1.2.1 Power Supply Overview ............................................................................................................................................................2-2
2.1.3 Control Circuit.....................................................................................................................................................................................2-3
2.1.3.1 Overview of Control Circuit Operation .......................................................................................................................................2-3
TROUBLESHOOTING
3.1 OVERVIEW....................................................................................................................................................................3-1
3.2 TROUBLESHOOTING INFORMATION.........................................................................................................................3-1
3.2.1 Printhead .............................................................................................................................................................................................3-1
3.2.2 Detectors .............................................................................................................................................................................................3-2
3.2.3 Motors..................................................................................................................................................................................................3-3
3.2.4 Error Codes with Indications and Buzzer.........................................................................................................................................3-3
3.3 UNIT LEVEL TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................................. ............................3-4
3.4 REPAIRING THE POWER SUPPLY BOARD................................................................................................................3-7
3.5 REPAIRING C244 MAIN BOARD ASSEMBLY .............................................................................................................3-9
3.6 REPAIRING THE PRINTER MECHANISM..................................................................................................................3-12
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
4.1 OVERVIEW....................................................................................................................................................................4-1
4.1.1 Precaution ...........................................................................................................................................................................................4-1
4.1.2 Tools ....................................................................................................................................................................................................4-1
4.1.3 Service Check After Repair................................................................................................................................................................4-2
4.1.4 Specifications for Screws ..................................................................................................................................................................4-3
4.2 DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY ................................................................................................................................4-4
4.2.1 Preparation for Disassembly the Printer ..........................................................................................................................................4-5
4.2.2 Removing the Panel Board Assembly ..............................................................................................................................................4-6
4.2.3 Removing the Printhead.....................................................................................................................................................................4-7
4.2.4 Removing the HP Sensor ...................................................................................................................................................................4-8
4.2.5 Removing the PW Sensor Assembly ................................................................................................................................................4-9
4.2.6 Removing the Platen Assembly.......................................................................................................................................................4-10
4.2.7 Removing the Upper Housing Assembly........................................................................................................................................4-11
4.2.8 Removing the Case Open Sensor Assembly..................................................................................................................................4-12
4.2.9 Removing the Printer Mechanism ...................................................................................................................................................4-13
4.2.9.1 Removing the CR Motor Assembly .........................................................................................................................................4-14
4.2.9.2 Removing the PF Motor ..........................................................................................................................................................4-15
4.2.9.3 Removing the PG Sensor Assembly .......................................................................................................................................4-16
4.2.9.4 Removing the Right Frame Assembly .....................................................................................................................................4-17
4.2.9.5 Disassembling the Right Frame Assembly..............................................................................................................................4-18
4.2.9.6 Removing the Left Frame Assembly .......................................................................................................................................4-20
4.2.9.7 Removing the Ribbon Drive (RD) Assembly ...........................................................................................................................4-21
4.2.9.8 Removing the CR Assembly ...................................................................................................................................................4-22
4.2.9.9 Removing the Rear PE Sensor Assembly...............................................................................................................................4-24
4.2.9.10 Removing the Front PE Sensor Assembly ............................................................................................................................4-24
4.2.9.11 Removing the Main Board Assembly ....................................................................................................................................4-25
4.2.9.12 Removing the Power Supply board Assembly ......................................................................................................................4-26
4.2.10 Disassembly and Assembly of CSF Bin 1.....................................................................................................................................4-27
4.2.10.1 Disassembling the Right Side Block......................................................................................................................................4-27
4.2.10.2 Disassembling Paper Support Block Assembly.....................................................................................................................4-28
4.2.10.3 Removing the Paper Eject Assembly Cover..........................................................................................................................4-30
4.2.11 Disassembly and Assembly of CSF Bin 2.....................................................................................................................................4-31
4.2.11.1 Disassembling the Right Side Block......................................................................................................................................4-31
4.2.11.2 Disassembling the Paper Support Block Assembly...............................................................................................................4-32
ADJUSTMENT
5.1 ADJUSTMENT OVERVIEW...........................................................................................................................................5-1
5.1.1 Required Adjustment..........................................................................................................................................................................5-1
5.1.2 Required Adjustment Tools ...............................................................................................................................................................5-1
5.2 ADJUSTMENT AND RESETTING.................................................................................................................................5-2
5.2.1 Platen Gap Adjustment ......................................................................................................................................................................5-2
5.2.2 Bi-directional Print Alignment (Bi-d) Adjustment.............................................................................................................................5-4
5.2.2.1 Bi-d Adjustment using the Setting Diskette ...............................................................................................................................5-4
5.2.2.2 Bi-D Adjustment from the Control Panel ...................................................................................................................................5-6
5.2.3 Factory Settings..................................................................................................................................................................................5-7
5.2.4 TPE Level Reset..................................................................................................................................................................................5-8
MAINTENANCE
6.1 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE .....................................................................................................................................6-1
6.2 APPLYING LUBRICATION ...........................................................................................................................................6-1
APPENDIX
7.1 CONNECTOR SUMMARY.............................................................................................................................................7-1
7.2 CIRCUIT BOARD COMPONENT LAYOUT ...................................................................................................................7-5
7.3 EXPLODED DIAGRAMS ...............................................................................................................................................7-7
7.4 CIRCUIT BOARD DIAGRAMS ....................................................................................................................................7-11
&+$37(5
PRODUCT DESCRIPTIONS
FX-2180 Service Manual
Product Descriptions
1.1 SPECIFICATIONS
RESOLUTION
This printer is based on FX-2170. The printing speed and copy ability and
etc., are increased than that. So, almost main components of this printer is
similar to that.
This section describes the specifications of this printer as followings;
PRINTING SPECIFICATION
Print method
Impact dot matrix
Number of pin
18 pins
Print pin arrangement
9×2
Print pin diameter
0.0114 inch (0.29mm)
Color
Monochrome
Print direction
Bi-direction with logical seeking
PRINT SPEED & PRINTABLE COLUMN
Table 1-2. Resolution
Printing mode
high speed draft
Draft
Draft condensed
Draft
emphasized
NLQ
Bit image
Horizontal
density
90 dpi
120 dpi
240 dpi
120 dpi
Vertical
density
72 dpi
72 dpi
720 dpi
72 dpi
Adjacent dot
print
No
No
No
Yes
240 dpi
60,72,80,90 or
120 dpi
120 or 240 dpi
144 dpi
72 dpi
No
Yes
72 dpi
No
Table 1-1. Print Speed & Column
Printing mode
High speed draft
Draft
Draft
condensed
Draft
emphasized
NLQ
„
„
„
„
Character
pitch
10 cpi
10 cpi
12 cpi
15 cpi
17 cpi
20 cpi
10 cpi
Printable
column
136
136
163
204
233
272
136
Printing speed (cps)
Normal Copy 1 Copy 2
506
439
337
380
330
284
455
396
341
380
285
285
325
282
244
380
330
284
190
165
142
10 cpi
136
95
82
71
12 cpi
163
114
99
85
15 cpi
204
94
71
31
When the power supply voltage drops to the lower limit, the printer
stops printing and then starts printing remain on that line again more
slowly than before.
When the head temperature rises to the upper limit, the printer stops
printing. When the head temperature falls to the normal level, the
printer starts printing again more slowly than before.
Copy 1 : when paper thickness level is set 3.
Copy 2 : When paper thickness lever is set 4 or more.
Rev. A
PRINTABLE AREA
‰ Cut sheet
PW
LM
RM
TM
PL
Printable Area
BM
Figure 1-1. Printable Area (Cut sheet)
1-1
FX-2180 Service Manual
Product Descriptions
Table 1-3. Printable Area (Cut Sheet)
Single sheet
Multi part
Width (PW)
Refer to Paper / Media
Refer to Paper / Media
Length (PL)
Refer to Paper / Media
Refer to Paper / Media
3mm or more
Left margin (LM)
3mm or more
(PW≤364mm)
(PW≤364mm)
25mm or more
25mm or more
(PW=420mm)
(PW=420mm)
Right margin (RM)
3mm or more
3mm or more
(PW≤364mm)
(PW≤364mm)
25mm or more
25mm or more
(PW=420mm)
(PW=420mm)
Top margin (TM)
4.2mm or more
4.2mm or more
Bottom margin (BM)
4.2mm or more
4.2mm or more
Notice : Maximum horizontal printable area is 345.2mm.
‰ Envelope
‰
Continuous paper
PW
LM
RM
TM
PL
Printable Area
BM
PW
LM
RM
TM
Printa ble Area
Figure 1-3. Printable Area (Continuous paper)
PL
Table 1-5. Printable Area (Continuous paper)
BM
Figure 1-2. Printable Area (Envelope)
Table 1-4. Printable Area (Envelope)
Width (PW)
Length (PL)
Left margin (LM)
Right margin (RM)
Top margin (TM)
Bottom margin (BM)
Rev. A
Envelope
Refer to Paper / Media
Refer to Paper / Media
3mm or more
3mm or more
4.2mm or more
4.2mm or more
Width (PW)
Length (PL)
Left margin (LM)
Right margin (RM)
Top margin (TM)
Bottom margin (BM)
Envelope
Refer to Paper / Media
Refer to Paper / Media
3mm or more
3mm or more
4.2mm or more
4.2mm or more
1-2
FX-2180 Service Manual
Roll paper
‰
Product Descriptions
Manual insertion
Front / Rear in , Top out
CSF
Rear in, Top out
Tractor
Front / Rear / bottom in,
Top out
Normal
61ms
(1/6inch feed)
0.127MPS or 5.0IPS
(continuous)
Copy mode
83ms
(1/6inch feed)
0.078MPS or 3.1IPS
(continuous)
Paper path
PW
LM
RM
Feed speed
TM
PAPER / MEDIA
Single sheet
‰
Printable Area
Table 1-7. Paper Specification (Single sheet)
BM
Figure 1-4. Printable Area (Roll paper)
Table 1-6. Printable Area (Continuous paper)
Width (PW)
Length (PL)
Left margin (LM)
Right margin (RM)
Top margin (TM)
Bottom margin (BM)
PAPER HANDLING
Feeding method
Optional Feeding
Rev. A
Envelope
Refer to Paper / Media
Refer to Paper / Media
3mm or more
3mm or more
4.2mm or more
4.2mm or more
Width (inch)
(mm)
Length (inch)
(mm)
Thickness
(inch)
(mm)
2
Weight (g/m )
(lb)
Quality
Front entry
Minimum
Maximum
3.9
16.5
100
420
5.8
16.5
148
420
Rear entry
Minimum
Maximum
3.9
16.5
100
420
3.9
16.5
100
420
0.0025
0.0055
0.0025
0.0055
0.065
0.14
0.065
0.14
52
90
52
90
14
24
14
24
Plain paper, Recycled paper Plain paper, Recycled paper
Not curled / Not folded / Not
Not curled / Not folded / Not
crumpled
crumpled
Notice : Recycled paper printing is available only under normal temperature
and humidity condition.
Friction feed
Front / Rear
Push tractor feed
Front / Rear
Push & Pull tractor feed
Front / Rear
Pull tractor feed
Front / Rear / Bottom
CSF Bin 1 / Bin 2 feed
Pull Tractor feed
Roll paper feed
Rear
1-3
FX-2180 Service Manual
Multi part
Product Descriptions
Table 1-9. Paper Specification (Multi part sheet)
‰
Table 1-8. Paper Specification (Multi part sheet)
Width (inch)
(mm)
Length (inch)
(mm)
Copies
Total
Thickness
(inch)
(mm)
2
Weight (g/m )
(lb)
Quality
Jointing
Front entry
Minimum
Maximum
3.9
16.5
100
420
5.8
16.5
148
420
Original + 5
Rear entry
Minimum
Maximum
3.9
16.5
100
420
3.9
16.5
100
420
Original + 5
0.0047
0.018
0.012
0.46
40
58
12
15
Plain paper, Recycled paper
Not curled / Not folded / Not
crumpled
Line glue at the top or one
side of form
0.0047
0.018
0.012
0.46
40
58
12
15
Plain paper, Recycled paper
Not curled / Not folded / Not
crumpled
Line glue at the top of form
Front entry
Min.
Max.

Rear entry
Minimum
Maximum
Envelope
Width (inch)
6.5
No. 6
(mm)
165
Length (inch)
3.9

(mm)
92
Envelope
Width (inch)
9.5

No. 10
(mm)
241
Length (inch)
4.1

(mm)
105
Total Thickness (inch)
0.0063
0.020

(mm)
0.16
0.52
2
Weight
(g/m )
40
58

(lb)
12
15
Quality
BOND paper, Plain paper

or AIR MAIL
Not curled / Not folded /
Not crumpled
Notice : Envelope printing is available only under normal temperature
and humidity condition.
Notice : Envelope should be inserted from rear entrance only.
Notice : Envelope setting is landscape direction.
‰
Envelope
Rev. A
1-4
FX-2180 Service Manual
Continuous paper
‰
‰
Table 1-10. Paper Specification (Continuous paper)
Width
Length
(inch)
(mm)
(inch)
(mm)
Copies
Total Thickness
(inch)
(mm)
Weight
(Without Multi part)
2
(g/m )
(lb)
Weight (one sheet
of Multi part)
2
(g/m )
(lb)
Quality
Continuous paper with labels
Table 1-11. Paper Specification (Continuous paper with Labels)
Front entry
Min.
Max.
4
16
101.6
406.4
4
22
101.6
558.8
Original + 5
Rear entry
Min.
Max.
4
16
101.6
406.4
4
22
101.6
558.8
Original + 5
Bottom entry
Min.
Max.
4
16
101.6
406.4
4
22
101.6
558.8
Original + 5
0.0025
0.065
0.018
0.046
0.0025
0.065
0.018
0.046
0.0025
0.065
0.018
0.046
52
12
82
22
52
12
82
22
52
12
82
22
40
58
40
58
40
58
12
15
12
15
12
15
Plain paper, Recycled paper, Carbonless multi part
paper
Jointing
Point glue or paper staple (both side)
Notice : Original + 6 copies paper is available in pull tractor feed.
Rev. A
Product Descriptions
Label size
(inch)
(mm)
Width
(inch)
(mm)
Length(inch)
(mm)
Base sheet
Thickness
(inch)
(mm)
Total
Thickness
2
(g/m )
(lb)
Label Weight
2
(g/m )
(lb)
Quality
Front entry
Min.
Max.
Rear entry
Min.
Max.
Bottom entry
Min.
Max.
15/16 × 2.5
23.8 × 63.5

15/16 × 2.5
23.8 × 63.5
4
101.6
4
101.6
16
406.4
22
558.8
0.0028
0.07
0.0035
0.09
0.0063
0.16
0.0075
0.19


4
101.6
4
101.6
16
406.4
22
558.8
0.0028
0.07
0.0035
0.09
0.0063
0.16
0.0075
0.19


68
17

68
17
A VERY
A VERY
CONTINUOUS
CONTINUOUS
FORM LABEL, A
FORM LABEL, A

VERY MINI-LINE
VERY MINI-LINE
LABELS or the
LABELS or the
same quality labels
same quality labels
Notice : Original + 6 copies paper is available in pull tractor feed.
Notice : The base sheet of label must be continuous paper.
Notice : The continuous paper with labels should be inserted from front or
bottom entrance.
1-5
FX-2180 Service Manual
Roll paper
Product Descriptions
‰
Table 1-12. Paper Specification (Multi part sheet)
Width
Length
(inch)
(mm)
(inch)
(mm)
Thickness
Weight
Quality
INTERFACE
Standard
Option
(inch)
(mm)
2
(g/m )
(lb)
Front entry
Min.
Max.





Rear entry
Minimum
Maximum
8.5
216

0.0035
0.0028
0.07
0.09
52
82
14
22
Plain paper
Not curled / Not folded /
Not crumpled
Bi-directional parallel interface
(IEEE-1284 nibble mode)
Type-B interface level 2
SOFTWARE SPECIFICATION
Control code
ESC/P
IBM 2381 Plus Emulation
Fonts
2 LQ & 1 draft Bitmap typefaces
8 Barcode fonts
Character table
Standard version
11 tables
NLSP version
20 tables
Input buffer
64 kB
ENVIRONMENT CONDITION
Temperature
5 - 35°C
15 - 25°C
Humidity
Rev. A
-30 - 60°C
10 - 80%RH
30 - 60%RH
(Operation)
(Recycled paper, envelope,
label or roll paper printing)
(Non-operation)
(Operation)
(Recycled paper, envelope,
label or roll paper printing)
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION
120V version
Rated voltage
AC120V
Input voltage range
AC 99 - 132V
Rated frequency range
50 - 60Hz
Input frequency range
49.5 - 60.5Hz
Rated current
1.0A (max. 1.8A)
Power consumption
Approx. 46W (ISO/IEC10561 Letter pattern)
Energy Star program compliant
Insulation resistance
10MΩ min.
(AC line - Chassis, 500V)
Dielectric strength
AC1000V rms 1 minute or
AC1200V rms 1 second (AC line - Chassis)
230V version
Rated voltage
AC220 - 240V
Input voltage range
AC 198 - 264V
Rated frequency range
50 - 60Hz
Input frequency range
49.5 - 60.5Hz
Rated current
0.5A (max. 0.9A)
Power consumption
Approx. 46W (ISO/IEC10561 Letter pattern)
Energy Star program compliant
Insulation resistance
10MΩ min.
(AC line - Chassis, 500V)
Dielectric strength
AC1500V rms 1 minute (AC line - Chassis)
UPS (Universal Power Supply) version
Rated voltage
AC100-120V
/
AC220 - 240V
Input voltage range
AC90 - 132V
/
AC 198 - 264V
Rated frequency range
50 - 60Hz
Input frequency range
49.5 - 60.5Hz
Rated current
1.1A (max.1.8A)
/
0.5A (max. 0.9A)
Power consumption
Approx. 46W (ISO/IEC10561 Letter pattern)
Energy Star program compliant
Insulation resistance
10MΩ min.
(AC line - Chassis, 500V)
Dielectric strength
AC1500V rms 1 minute (AC line - Chassis)
1-6
FX-2180 Service Manual
Product Descriptions
PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions
639mm(W) × 402mm(D) × 257mm(H)
(with CSF bin1)
639mm(W) × 469mm(D) × 380mm(H)
(with CSF bin2)
639mm(W) × 598mm(D) × 411mm(H)
Weight
Approx. 13kg
(with CSF bin1)
16.3kg
(with CSF bin2)
17.2kg
RELIABILITY
Total print volume
MTBF
Printhead life
SAFETY APPROVAL
120V version
Safety standard
EMI
230V version
Safety standard
EMI
UPS version
Safety standard
EMI
7.5 million lines (except printhead)
10000POH
Approx. 300 million characters
UL1950
CSA C22.2 No.950
FCC part 15 subpart B class B
CSA C108.8 class B
CE MARKING
230V version & UPS version
Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC
EN60950
EMC Directive 89/336/EEC EN55022 class B
EN61000-3-2
EN61000-3-3
EN50082-1
IEC801-2
IEC801-3
IEC801-4
ACOUSTIC NOISE
Level
Approx. 55 dB(A)
(ISO 7779 pattern)
INK RIBBON CARTRIDGE
Type
Fabric
Color
Black
Ribbon life
Approx. 12 million characters
(Draft 10cpi, 14 dot/characters)
‰
EN60950 (TÜV, NEMKO)
EN55022(CISPR pub.22) class B
AS/NZS 3548 class B
UL1950
CSA C22.2 No.950
EN60950 (TÜV, NEMKO)
FCC part 15 subpart B class B
CSA C108.8 class B
EN55022(CISPR pub.22) class B
AS/NZS 3548 class B
Figure 1-5. Exterior View of the FX-2180
Rev. A
1-7
FX-2180 Service Manual
Product Descriptions
1.2.1.1 Switches
1.2 OPERATION
‰
This section describes user operation.
1.2.1 Control Panel Operation
WARNING As this operate switch is secondary switch, the
This printer’s operation panel contains seven switches and nine LED lamps,
as shown below;
Font
Pitch
Tear Off/Bin
LF/FF
Draft
Roman
Sans Serif
10 cpi
12 cpi
15 cpi
17 cpi
20 cpi
PS
Tear Off
Bin 1
Bin2
Card
3 sec
Load/Eject
LED Off
LED On
LED Blinks
Figure 1-6. Control Panel
primary circuit of power supply circuit is hot
condition when the power cable is connected in
AC line.
Paper Out
Pause
Micro Adjust
Operate
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
Rev. A
Operate
This switch turns the printer on / off. It is set in the secondary circuit of
the power supply board.
Pause
„ This switch alternates the printer activity between on line and off line.
„ Hold it down over 3 seconds when the printer is in stand-by condition,
and the Micro Adjust functions is enabled. If the switch is pressed
again, this function is disabled.
Load / Eject
„ Pressing it loads cut sheet or continuous paper when the printer is out
of paper.
„ Pressing it eject cut sheet to the stacker or continuous paper to the
paper park.
LF / FF
„ Pressing it shortly executes line feed.
„ Holding it down for a few seconds executes form feed when
continuous paper is used, or eject cut sheet to the stacker when cut
sheet is used.
Tear Off
When continuous paper is used, pressing it moves a page to the tear off
position. And pressing it again moves to the next page TOF position.
Bin
*
This switch selects CSF bin number or the Card mode when cut sheet is
used.
“*”: Card mode is for post card or envelope using.
Font
This switch selects one font of Draft, Roman and Sans serif.
Pitch
This switch selects one pitch of 10cpi, 12cpi, 15cpi, 20cpi and
Proportional Spacing.
1-8
FX-2180 Service Manual
‰
Micro Adjust ↑ / ↓
„ These switches are effective when the micro adjust function is enable
by Pause switch.
Micro Adjust function executes micro feed backward or forward by
1/216 inch.
„ TOF adjustment is enable in the TOF position after loading, and Tearoff adjustment is enable in the Tear-off position.
1.2.1.2 Lamps
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
Pause (Orange)
It is on when the printer is in pause, and it is off when the printer is on
line condition.
„ It blinks when the Micro Adjust function is enabled or printhead is in
hot condition.
Paper Out (Red)
It is on when the printer is in the paper out condition, and it is off when
the paper is set in the printer.
Tear Off / Bin (Green)
„ Only right LED is on when CSF bin1 is selected.
„ Only left LED is on when CSF bin 2 is selected.
„ Both LEDs are on when Card mode is selected.
„ Both LEDs blink when continuous paper is in the Tear-Off position.
„ Both LEDs are off when continuous paper is out of the Tear-Off
position.
Font (Green)
The font LEDs consist of two LEDs. The current using font is shown by
these two LEDs on/ off combinations.
Pitch (Green)
The pitch LEDs consist of three LEDs. The current using pitch is shown
by these three LEDs on/ off combinations.
„
Rev. A
Product Descriptions
1.2.2 Buzzer
This printer makes buzzer sounds when it discover error or illegal condition,
as listed below:
‰ Paper Out error
Approx.100ms buzzer sounds three times with two intervals of
approx.100ms.
‰ Cover open error
Approx.100ms buzzer sounds three times with two intervals of
approx.100ms.
‰ Release lever operation error
Approx.100ms buzzer sounds five times and approx.100ms interval is
four times.
‰ Illegal panel operation
One approx.100ms buzzer sounds.
1-9
FX-2180 Service Manual
1.3 SPECIAL FUNCTION
This printer provides the special functions to extend the printer abilities for
customers as followings,
1.3.1 Operation at power on
Product Descriptions
START
Holding down Pitch
switch, turn on.
Pitch switch selects
Main menu.
Language menu
This function is executed when one or more switches are holding down and
power on continue at same time. Then, the printer performs special function.
1.3.1.1 Self Test
This function is useful to check the printing function on itself.
‰ LNQ Self Test
Turning on the printer while holding down Load / Eject switch, the printer
prints self test pattern with NLQ fonts. If desire to stop it, turn off the
printer once.
‰ Draft Self Test
Turning on the printer while holding down FF / LF switch, the printer
prints self test pattern with NLQ fonts. If desire to stop it, turn off the
printer once.
1.3.1.2 Default Setting
Several printer settings loaded at power-on can be changed in this
operation.
‰ Setting Method
The setting method is shown in the flowchart as following,
If change language,
press Pitch switch
NO
Tear-off / Bin switch
change submenu
indication.
YES
Tear-off/ Bin, Pause
LED indicates
submenu.
Press Pitch switch.
Press Font switch
Tear-off / Bin switch
change submenu.
Setting sheet is printed
by the language.
Finish
setting?
NO
YES
Pitch LED indicates
Main Menu.
Power off the pprinter
once.
END
Figure 1-7. Default Setting Flowchart
Rev. A
1-10
FX-2180 Service Manual
‰ Setting menu
Product Descriptions
1.3.1.4 Clear EEPROM
Table 1-13. Factory setting
Item
Character Table
International character
set for Italic table
Page length for front
tractor
Page length for rear
tractor
High Speed Draft
Print direction
Software
I/F mode
Auto I/F Wait Time
Input Buffer
Skip Over Perforation
Auto Tear off
Auto Line Feed
Auto CR Return
(IBM 2381 Plus only)
0 Slash
Buzzer
IBM Character Table
Factory Setting Value
Standard version:
PC437
NLSP version:
PC437
Italic U.S.A
Turning on the printer while holding down Font and Tear off/ Bin switches,
The data of EEPROM Area 1 are reset to the factory setting without driving
line count, driving hour, driving line counter for ribbon changing timing,
starting year, starting month and starting date. (Refer to the FX-2180
Specifications.)
CAUTION This printer always stores driving line count,
11inch
11inch
On
Bi-D
ESC/P
Auto
10sec.
On
Off
Off
Off
Off
Off
On
Table 2
1.3.1.3 Data Dump
driving hour, driving line counter for ribbon
changing timing, starting year, starting month and
starting date in EEPROM on the main board
1.3.1.5 Clear EEPROM for driving line counter for ribbon
changing timing
Turning on the printer while holding down LF / FF and Tear off/ Bin
switches, The driving line counter for ribbon changing timing of EEPROM is
reset to zero.
1.3.1.6 Alternate copy mode
Turning on the printer while holding down Font switch, the printer alternates
copy mode on or off.
„ When “off” is selected, beeps one time.
„ When “on” is selected, beeps two times.
When the printer gets into copy mode in pull tractor feed, normal
temperature and paper thickness lever position 4 or more, it prints draft and
bit image with double strike printing. But it may not become two pass
printing
Turning on the printer while holding down Load / Eject and LF / FF
switches, the printer starts Hex. Data printing. desire to return normal print
mode, turn off the printer once.
This mode is useful to check data translation between the printer and the
host computer.
Rev. A
1-11
FX-2180 Service Manual
Product Descriptions
1.3.1.7 Bi-D Adjustment
1.4 CONSUMABLES & OPTIONS
Using this function, the customer can performs Bi-directional adjustment
easily.
‰ Adjusting Method
The setting method is shown in the flowchart as following,
1.4.1 Consumables
Ribbon cartridge
Ribbon pack
S015086
S010033
1.4.2 Options
START
Pressing Pause switch, turn
on
Guidance and 1st alignment
pattern printing
Next alignment pattern
printing
NO
NLQ Bi-D adjustment
finish?
YES
Pitch LED
indicates Bi-D
setting value
Turn off the printer.
High capacity cut sheet feeder (bin 1)
Second bin cut sheet feeder
Pull tractor unit
Roll paper holder
Serial I/F card
32KB intelligent serial I/F card
32KB intelligent parallel I/F card
Local Talk I/F card
32KB IEEE-488 I/F card
Coax I/F card
Twinax I/F card
IEEE-1284 parallel I/F card
Ethernet I/F card
C80673*
C80674*
C80032*
#8310
C82305* / C82306*
C82307* / C82308*
C82310* / C82311*
C82312*
C82313*
C82314*
C82315*
C82345*
C82357*
END
Change Bi-d setting value
by LF /LF or Load/ Eject
switches.
Press Font switch to fix
the value.
Figure 1-8. Bi-D Adjustment Method
CAUTION Bi-D adjust value is not reset by clearing
EEPROM.
Rev. A
1-12
&+$37(5
OPERATING PRINCIPLES
FX-2180 Service Manual
Operating Principles
2.1 OVERVIEW
Rear Tractor
This printer consists of the printer mechanism, the power supply circuit, the
control circuit, operation panel, housing and etc,. The operating principles of
main components are described in this chapter as followings;
Disengage Gear 1
PF Motor
2.1.1 Printer Mechanism
The printer mechanism of this printer consists of following several unit;
Printhead
The printhead prints the dots on the paper via ink ribbon by printing data
from the control circuit.
Carriage mechanism
This mechanism consists of carriage unit, carriage motor (CR Motor),
timing belt, driven pulley, CR guide shaft and etc. The carriage unit
carries the printhead and move along the CR guide shaft between left
end and right end of the printable area by this mechanism.
Platen gap mechanism
The platen gap (the gap between platen and printhead) are adjusted to
make good print quality between different thickness paper. This
mechanism consists of CR guide shaft, PG adjust bushing which
eccentric with CR guide shaft center, and PG adjust lever. It makes the
printhead associate with platen or keep away from platen causing from
PG adjust lever position.
Paper feed mechanism
This mechanism consists of paper feed motor (PF Motor), rear / front
tractors, platen, and etc. This mechanism picks up the cut sheet paper ,
feed the cut sheet paper, or continuous paper to the printhead to print
paper by PF Motor. And, printed paper feeds out from the printer.
Disengage mechanism
This mechanism consists of two disengage gears. It switches the paper
feed torque from PF motor to the tractors or paper feed rollers according
to paper feeding methods (ex. friction feeding, front push tractor feeding,
rear tractor feeding, pull tractor feeding, push-pull tractor feeding).
Ribbon advance mechanism
This mechanism consists of ribbon feed roller, Driven pulley and etc.
This mechanism winds up ink ribbon for one way and make new ribbon
surface to appear for printing by carriage motion.
Platen
‰
‰
‰
PG Adjust Bushing
CR Guide Shaft
Printhead
Carriage Unit
Timing Belt
CR Motor
Driven Pulley
Ribbon Feed Roller
Disengage Gear 2
Ink Ribbon
‰
Front Tractor
Figure 2-1. Printer Mechanism
‰
‰
Rev. A
2-1
FX-2180 Service Manual
2.1.2 Power Supply Circuit
This printer can be powered between three power supply boards: the
C166PSB(120V), C166PSE(220-240V) and C244PSH(120V/220-240V).
The function of these boards s the same, except for a different in a primary
circuit. The input voltages and fuse ratings for these boards are shown
below;
Operating Principles
circuit composed of an ZC-RCC (zero cross ringing choke converter), it
realizes to the circuit high stability, efficiency and portability.
This circuit provides the power switch (operate switch) in the secondary
circuit system. The operate switch on the operation panel controls the power
supply circuit.
There is +35v line constant voltage control circuit and over current / voltage
circuits in order to protect the printer and control circuit.
Table 2-1. Power Supply Board
Board
C166PSB
C166PSE
C244PSH
Input Voltage
103.5 - 132V
198 - 264V
85 - 138V / 187 - 276V
The power supply board has two DC power outputs for control circuit and
printer mechanism. These power outputs are listed on following table;
Table 2-2. Power Supply Outputs Applications
Applications
• Control Circuit board Logic
• Detectors
• Operation Panel LEDs
+35VDC
• CR Motor
• PF Motor
• Printhead
The block diagram of power supply circuit is shown following figure. When
AC power enters the printer from external power source, the filter circuit
removes the noise. Then AC voltage undergoes full-wave rectification and
smoothed to produce direct voltage. But, in case of C244PSH board, the AC
voltages undergoes the voltage doubler rectification automatic switching IC
and smoothed to produce direct voltage. The voltage is fed to the gate port
for the switching FET (Q1)through resistors (R18 and R31), and then the
switching circuit operates.
The secondary smoothing circuit produces a stepped down +35VDC
voltage. The +5VDC is generated and stabled by feeding the +35VDC
voltage through the +5VDC power supply circuit IC. As this power supply
Rev. A
S e c o n d a r y C ir c u it
Fuse F1 Rating
3.15A / 125V
T2.0AH / 250V
5HT4
2.1.2.1 Power Supply Overview
Output Voltage
+5VDC
P r im a r y C ir c u it
+ 5 V S w itc h in g
R e g u la to r
+ 5 V D C
+ 5 V C o n s ta n t V o lta g e
C o n tr o l C ir c u it
+ 5 V O v e r c u rre n t
P r o te c tio n C ir c u it
A C in p u t
F ilte r C ir c u it
F u ll W a v e
R e c tific a tio n
C ir c u it
C 2 4 4 P S H o n ly
V o lta g e
D o u b le r
R e c tific a tio n
A u to - s w itc h in g
C ir c u it
S m o o th in g
C ir c u it
S w itc h in g
C ir c u it
+ 3 5 V D C
S m o o th in g
C ir c u it
P h o to C o u p le r
+ 3 5 V L in e
O v e r L o a d
D e te c to r C ir c u it
C P U
P o rt 2 0
+ 3 5 V L in e
C o n s ta n t V o lta g e
C o n tr o l C ir c u it
P h o to C o u p le r
+ 3 5 V L in e
O v e r V o lta g e
P r o te c tio n C ir c u it
+ 5 V L in e
O v e r V o lta g e
P r o te c tio n C ir c u it
+ 3 5 V L in e
O v e r C u rre n t
P r o te c tio n C ir c u it
O p e r a tio n
S W
Figure 2-2. Power Supply Circuit Block Diagram
2-2
FX-2180 Service Manual
Operating Principles
The functions of main components of control circuit on C244MAIN board are
shown on the following table.
2.1.3 Control Circuit
The control circuit consists of C244MAIN control board and the operation
panel board.
2.1.3.1 Overview of Control Circuit Operation
This printer’s control circuit includes a TMP96C141BF that ran at 17.20MHz,
an E05B50** gate array, a 2Mbit PROM (or 2M / 4Mbit Flash-ROM), a 1Mbit
/ 4Mbit PS-RAM (or SRAM), a serial EEPROM (or parallel EEPROM) and
other circuits. This control circuit oversees control of all the components in
the printer. The following chart shows the control circuit block diagram.
Q 2 ~ Q 1 9
H e a d D rv .
IC 5
T y p e B I/F
IC 3
E P R O M
P E -R e a r
D e te c to r
IC 1
G a te A rra y
O p e ra te S W
E 0 5 B 5 0 **
P E -F ro n t
D e te c to r
IC 2
IC 8
S e r ia l
E E P R O M
C P U
T M P 9 6 C 1 4 1 B F
IC 1 5
R e s t IC
P S C
T O P
D e te c to r
H o m e
D e te c to r
R e le a s e
L e v e r
D e te c to r
P W D N
5 V
G L
3 5 V
G P
P o w e r S u p p ly
B o a rd
Location
IC1
CPU
(TMP96C141BF)
IC2
1 / 4Mbit
PS-RAM
2Mbit PROM
IC3
P S -R A M
o r S R A M
P a r a lle l I/F
/ L E D s
IC
Gate array
(E05B50**)
H e a d T e m p .
D e te c to r
+ 3 5 V V o lta g e
D e te c to r
P a n e l S W
Table 2-3. Functions of Main Components
IC5
Serial EEPROM
(AT93C46)
IC8
SLA7024M
A2917SEB
Reset IC
(BH6150F)
IC9
IC12
IC15
Function
Control the functions below;
• System control
• Peripheral device control
• Receives data from the host computer
and send it to the input buffer in RAM.
• Extend the input data held in the buffer
to create Image data.
• Load image data to the image data
buffer.
• Transfer image data to the printhead.
Buffer and working area
The ROM contains the program that runs
the CPU and character tables.
Contains following data;
• Default setting values
• Market data
• Mechanism & printhead parameter, etc
CR motor drive IC
PF motor drive IC
This IC generates the reset signal at power
on or down, and makes reset the CPU and
the gate array.
G a p
L e v e r
D e te c to r
IC 1 2
P F D rv .
U D N 2 9 1 7 E B
IC 9
C R D rv .
S L A 7 0 2 4 M
C S F D rv .
C S F
D e te c to r
: D a ta B u s
: A d d re s s B u s
Figure 2-3. Control circuit Block Diagram
Rev. A
2-3
&+$37(5
TROUBLESHOOTING
FX-2180 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
3.1 OVERVIEW
This chapter contains flowcharts and check point tables that are helpful for
troubleshooting the printer. The flowcharts facilitate identifying faulty units
or parts from abnormal symptoms. The checkpoints provides unit
characteristics, such as resistance, continuity, and so on, to which you can
refer when isolating faulty units or parts.
R
3 X 15 C5 2 C6 5 16 11 C7 17 C8 X 14 4 8
3.2 TROUBLESHOOTING INFORMATION
F
R
This section describes troubleshooting information to let you find the point
of replaceable unit or part.
F
X 1 9 13 7 C1 X 18 C2 12 C3 C4 X 6 10 T T X
3.2.1 Printhead
It is easy to check if a printhead is defective or not. Referring to the
following table and figure, measure the printhead coil resistance and check
if it is correct
Table 3-1. Printhead coil Resistance Test Points
Common Pin No
Test Pin No.
Test Method
(Set meter to ohms. Disconnect
the printhead after the printer is
powered off.)
Meter Reading
Rev. A
Refer to the following figure.
Refer to the following figure.
Place one lead on each pin and
the other lead on each common
pin.
F
COM.
C1
Pin No, 1, 7, 13
R
C2
C3
C4
9
10, 18
6, 12
COM.
C5
Pin No, 2, 5, 11
C6
C7
C8
3, 15
16, 17
4, 8, 14
T : Thermistor terminal
X : Not used
Figure 3-1. Printhead Connenctor Pin Alignment
± 1.64 Ω (at 25°C)
3-1
FX-2180 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
3.2.2 Detectors
Table 3-3. Detector Test Point (continue.)
Table 3-2. Detector Test Point
Detector
CN No.
CN4
(HP
Detector)
CN5
(Rear PE
Detector)
CN6
(Front PE
Detector)
CN7
(TOP
Detector)
Rev. A
Test Pin No.
1 : HP
2 : GND
3 : +5V
1 : +5V
2 : PE
3 : GND
1 : PE
2 : GND
1:E
2 : GND
3 : +5V
4:A
Test Method
(Set Meter to DC Voltage)
Place one lead on pin 1 and
the other lead on pin 2, and
check the voltage while
blocking two detector
terminal.
•
•
Place one lead on pin 2 and
the other lead on pin 3, and
check the voltage while
toggling the detector lever.
•
Place one lead on pin 1 and
the other lead on pin 2, and
check the voltage while
toggling the detector lever.
•
Place one lead on pin 1 and
the other lead on pin 2, and
check the voltage while
inserting and removing paper
between the detector.
•
•
•
•
Meter
Reading
Open : +5V
(Home
position)
Short : 0V
(Out of
home)
Open : +5V
(Paper
loaded)
Short : 0V
(No paper)
Open : +5V
(Paper
loaded)
Short : 0V
(No paper)
Open : 0V
(No paper)
Short : +5V
(Paper
loaded)
Detector
CN No.
CN12
(Release
Detector 1 /
2)
1 : Release 1
2 : GND
3 : Release 2
4 : GND
CN13
(PG
Detector 1/
2)
1 : PG1
2 : GND
3 : PG2
4 : GND
CN2 on
Panel
board
(Case
Open
Detector)
1 : COPEN
2 : GND
Test Pin No.
Test Method
(Set Meter to DC Voltage)
Place one lead on pin 1 and
the other lead on pin 2, and
check the voltage while
toggling the release lever.
Place one lead on pin 3 and
the other lead on pin 4, and
check the voltage while
toggling the release lever.
Place one lead on pin 1 and
the other lead on pin 2, and
check the voltage while
toggling the PG detector
lever.
Place one lead on pin 2 and
the other lead on pin 3, and
check the voltage while
toggling the detector lever.
Meter
Reading
• Open : +5V
• Short : 0V
• Open : +5V
• Short : 0V
• Open : +5V
(Case
opened)
• Short : 0V
(Case
closed)
3-2
FX-2180 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
3.2.3 Motors
3.2.4 Error Codes with Indications and Buzzer
Table 3-4. Motor Test Point
PF Motor
Motor connector No.
Com-mon Pin No.
Test Pin No
Test Method
(Set meter to horms.
Disconnect the motor from
control board after the
printer is powered off.)
Meter Reading
CR Motor
Motor connector No.
Com-mon Pin No.
Test Pin No
Test Method
(Same as for the PF
Motor)
Meter Reading
Rev. A
CN10

1,2,3,4
Place one lead on pin 1 and the other
lead on pin 3.
Place one lead on pin 2 and the other
lead on pin 4.
16.1 Ω ± 10% (per phase, at 25°C)
CN11
5
1,2,3,4
Place one lead on pin 5 and the other
lead on each of 4 pins.
Table 3-5. Error Codes with Indications and Buzzer
Indicators
Error
Paper
Tear
Buzzer*
Pause
Pitch
Font
Condition
Out
Off/Bin
Paper out
On
On



❍×3
On
Blinks
Paper jam



❍×3
(Paper
ejected incompletely)
Head hot
Blinks





Case open
On




❍×3
Fatal error
Blinks
Blinks
Blinks
Blinks
Blinks
●×5
* : ❍ Indicates that the beep sounds for 100ms with an interval of 100ms.
● Indicates that the beep sounds for 500ms with an interval of 100ms.
2.7 Ω ± 10% (per phase, at 25°C)
3-3
FX-2180 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
1. Abnormal CR Operation
3.3 UNIT LEVEL TROUBLESHOOTING
START
You may be able to identify the defective unit just from the symptom
displayed. The table below provides the symptoms for a number of
failures. Once you identify the problem, refer to the flowchart listed in the
right-hand column of the table to determine the cause of the problem.
Table 3-6. Symptoms and Problem Descriptions
Symptom
Abnormal
CR
Operation
Abnormal
Paper
Feed
Abnormal
Control
Panel
Operation
Abnormal
Printing
Problem Description
• Carriage dose not move at all.
• When the printer is powered on, the CR
moves away from home position after a
moment and stops. All indicator LEDs on
the control panel blinks.
• Paper is not fed at all.
• When the printer is power on, paper
ejected automatically.
• when paper is loaded, it is ejected
automatically and then the printer
indicates “Ready”.
• Control panel indicator LEDs do not light.
• Operate switch does not work.
• Panel switches do not work.
Start
Decision
Is CN11
connected
correctly?
NO
NO
Connect CN11 correctly.
YES
YES
Dose the CR motor
stop during or after
initialization?
NO
Check the motor coil
resistance.
Refer to Table3-4.
Is the problem
solved?
NO
YES
YES
END
Is it OK?
Dose the CR motor
move freely by hand
when power off?
YES
NO
Replace the
C244MAIN board.
Replace the CR
motor.
NO
Flowchart 2-1,
2-2
YES
END
Is the Platen gap
adjusted properly?
NO
Adjust Gap properly. Refer
to Chapter5.
YES
Flowchart 3
Is CN4 connected
correctly?
NO
YES
Replace the oil pad on the
carriage unit. clean the CR
shaft, and lubricate the oil
pad and surface of the
shaft.
Is the problem
solved?
YES
NO
END
A
Connect CN4 correctly.
• No image is printed.
• Faulty printing - some dots are not
printing.
The repair procedure flowcharts use the following symbols:
START
Flowchart No.
Flowchart 1
Dose the CR motor
rotates when printer is
power on?
END
Flowchart 4
NO
Is the problem
solved?
Is resistance of CR
motor correctly? Refer
to Table 5-4.
YES
NO
END
END
END
Dose HP Detector work
correctly? Refer to
Table3-2.
Replace CR motor.
YES
NO
Replace HP detector.
NO
YES
Processing
Branching
NO
Forwarding to
another item
Return to the
strat of the item
Is the problem
solved?
YES
Replace the
C244MAIN board.
Is the problem
solved?
YES
A
END
END
Figure 3-2. Flowchart Symbols
Rev. A
Figure 3-3. Flowchart 1
3-4
FX-2180 Service Manual
2. Abnormal Paper Feed Operation - 1
Troubleshooting
2. Abnormal Paper Feed Operation - 2
START
START
Dose PF motor
rotate?
Is CN10
connected
correctly?
NO
YES
NO
Connect CN10 correctly.
YES
NO
Is paper ejected
automatically when
power on?
NO
Is the problem
solved?
Flowchart 2-2
Is the resistance of
the PF motor coils
correctly?
Is CN7
connected
correctly?
NO
Replace PF motor.
Is the problem
solved?
NO
Remove the
substance
caught in
YES
detector.
NO
NO
Is the
problem
solved?
YES
Replace the
detector.
NO
Is the
problem
solved?
END
Replace the
C244MAIN board.
YES
NO
Is the problem
solved?
Are CN5 and
CN6 connected
correctly?
Dose the Front
detector work
correctly?
Dose the TOP
detector work
correctly?
Is the problem
solved?
Replace the detector.
NO
END
YES
END
YES
Dose the
release detector
work correctly?
YES
NO
Replace the
detector.
YES
NO
END
NO
YES
NO
Is the problem
solved?
NO
END
Replace the
cable.
Is the
NO problem
solved?
YES
YES
NO
Is the
problem
solved?
NO
Connect them
correctly.
YES
YES
YES
NO
YES
NO
Connect CN12
correctly.
NO
END
Is FFC
cable OK?
NO
Is anything jammed
between the Front /
Rear PE and platen?
Is CN12
connected
correctly?
YES
YES
Clear the jam?
NO
Connect CN7
correctly.
END
Dose the printer
indicate "Paper
Out",after paper is
ejected?
Dose the
detector work
correctly?
NO
YES
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES
Replace the
C244MAIN board.
Is anything stuck on
TOP Detector?
NO
YES
END
YES
Is cut sheet loaded
correctly, but
continuous paper not
loaded at all?
YES
YES
Dose the printer
indicate "Ready",after
paper is ejected?
Is paper ejected
automatically after
loading?
Replace the
detector.
Replace the
C244MAIN
board.
Is the problem
solved?
END
Is the problem
solved?
YES
END
YES
Is the
problem
solved?
NO
Replace the
C244MAIN board.
END
YES
END
END
Figure 3-4. Flowchart 2 - 1
Rev. A
Replace the
C244MAIN board.
END
Figure 3-5. Flowchart 2 - 2
3-5
FX-2180 Service Manual
3. Abnormal Control Panel Operation
Troubleshooting
4. Abnormal Printing
START
START
Dose the operate
button turn on or
off?
Is the self-test
printed
correctly?
Check the Operation
button on the operation
panel using a multimeter.
NO
Check the data from host
PC using Hex dump
function.
YES
NO
YES
Is CN7
connected
correctly?
NO
Check them on the
operation panel
using a multimeter.
Is Operate
button
correctly?
NO
Replace PNL
board.
Are all dots
printed
correctly?
NO
Is the problem
solved?
Is the problem
solved?
Are all LEDs
blinking?
Is the problem
solved?
Check the
printhead driver,
motor drivers and
power supply
board.
END
YES
Is Operate Panel
FFC connected
correctly?
NO
Connected the
cable correctly.
YES
END
NO
YES
YES
NO
Is Operate Panel
FFC connected
correctly?
NO Connected the
cable correctly.
NO
Is the problem
solved?
Is the problem
solved?
NO
YES
Check the FFC
using a multimeter.
YES
Check pin 19 of the FFC.
END
Is the FFC
OK?
END
Is FFC
OK?
NO
Replace the FFC.
YES
NO
Replace the
C244MAIN board.
Is the problem
solved?
YES
Erplace the
FFC.
YES
NO
NO
Is the problem
solved?
Replace the
C166PSB/PSE/PSH
board.
END
Is the problem
solved?
Is the
printhead
OK?
NO
Are the correct
printer driver
installed?
NO
Replace
the.printhead.
NO
YES
END
YES
NO
NO
NO
Is the problem
solved?
YES
The cable has
a problem.
END
END
YES
END
Reinstall the ribbon mask.
NO
END
YES
Replace the
C244MAIN
board.
YES
Is the problem
solved?
Is the problem
solved?
END
Replace the FFC.
Replace the
power supply
board.
YES
YES
NO
NO
Replace the
C244MAIN board.
Replace the FFC.
Is the bottom
of charactor
missing
YES
END
END
Is the FFC
OK?
END
Install the correct
printer drivers.
Dose the printer
work correctly with
another pritnner
cable?
YES
Is the problem
NO
solved?
Connect the
FFC correctly.
Check the
FFC using a
multimeter.
END
NO
Is the problem
NO
solved?
Is the problem
solved?
NO
YES
YES
Is the problem
YES
solved?
YES
Is the FFC
OK?
Is head FFC
connected
correctly?
Reset the settings
to default.
NO
YES
Check the FFC
using a multimeter.
YES
NO
YES
Check printhead coil
resistance.(Refer to
Table 3-1.)
Replace PNL
board.
NO
Are the printer
setting
correctly?
YES
YES
YES
Is any dot
missing?
NO
YES
END
END
END
END
END
Figure 3-6. Flowchart 3
Rev. A
Figure 3-7. Flowchart 4
3-6
FX-2180 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
3.4 REPAIRING THE POWER SUPPLY BOARD
This section provides instructions for repairing a defective power supply
board assembly. It describes various symptoms, likely causes and
checkpoints. Refer to proper waveforms, resistance and other values
shown in the tables when evaluating the operation of any potentially faulty
component. Check these value and take the appropriate action.
WARNING The OPERATE switch on the operation panel only
turns the secondary power circuit on or off, so the
primary circuit is live as long as the printer is
connected to AC power outlet. Before, you repair
or touch the power supply board, be sure to
disconnect the AC power outlet.
CAUTION This information is necessary only for servicers
who repair to the component level. Servicers who
repair to the unit level (including all servicers in
the U.S.) can ignore this section.
Table 3-8. Repairing the Power Supply Board (Continued.)
Problem
+35V
and +5V
lines are
not
output
when the
printer is
power
on.
Cause
Switching FET
Q1 is
failure.
Checkpoint
• Check the resistance between
SOURCE and DRAIN is infinite.
• Check the voltage waveform between
SOURCE and DRAIN of Q1.
Solution
Replace
Q1.
PC1 is
failure.
Figure 3-8. Waveform 1
Check the waveform between pin 3
and 4.
Replace
PC1.
Q32 is
failure.
Q31 is
failure.
Figure 3-9. Waveform 2
Check that the resistance between
COLLECTOR and EMITTER is infinite.
Check that resistance between
SOURCE and DRAIN is infinite.
Replace
Q32.
Replace
Q31.
Table 3-7. Repairing the Power Supply Board
Problem
+35V and
+5V lines
are not
output
when the
printer is
power on.
Cause
The diode
bridge DB1
is failure.
The
transformer
T1 coil is
open.
Rev. A
Checkpoint
Measure the DC voltage between
the pin 3 and 4 of DB1.
Measure the resistance of T1
coils at pin 12 - 15, 9 - 11, 7 - 8 or
3 - 4.
Solution
Replace
DB1.
Replace
T1.
3-7
FX-2180 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
Table 3-9. Repairing the Power Supply Board (Continued.)
Problem
+5V lines
is not
output.
Cause
Chopper
IC IC51 is
failure.
Q51 is
failure.
L51 is
failure.
The
PWDN
signal is
constantly
HIGH.
Rev. A
IC51 is
failure.
Checkpoint
Check the waveform at pin 8 of
IC51.
Solution
Replace
IC51.
Figure 3-10. Waveform 3
Check the waveform at
COLLECTOR of Q51.
Replace
Q51.
Figure 3-11. Waveform 4
Check the resistance between
terminals of L51.
Check whether the voltage of pin
6 is more than 1.3V or not. If the
voltage is more than 1.3V, IC51
is failure.
Replace
L51.
Replace
IC51.
3-8
FX-2180 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
3.5 REPAIRING C244 MAIN BOARD ASSEMBLY
This section provides instructions for repairing C244 MAIN board
assembly. It describes various problem, symptoms, likely cases and
solutions. The check points columns provide proper waveforms, resistance
values and other information for each component of C244 MAIN.
CAUTION This information is necessary only for servicers
Table 3-11. Repairing C244 MAIN Board Assembly (Continued.)
Problem
The
printer
dose not
operate
at all.
Cause
The
PROM
(IC5) is
not
selected.
Checkpoint
Check the signal for a change
in HIGH and LOW at pin 137
of IC1.
Solution
Replace the
main board.
who repair to the component level. Servicers who
repair to the unit level (including all servicers in
the U.S.) can ignore this section.
Table 3-10. Repairing C244 MAIN Board Assembly
Problem
The
printer
dose not
operate
at all.
Cause
Reset
IC15 is
defective.
Checkpoint
Check the voltage waveforms
of the VCC signal (CH1 : IC15
pin 7) and /RESET signal (CH2
: IC15 pin 5) when the printer is
turned on.
CH 1
Solution
Replace the
main board or
IC15.
The
PSRAM
(IC3) is
not
selected.
CPU (IC2)
is
defective.
Figure 3-13. Waveform 6
Check the signal for a change
in HIGH and LOW at pin 132
of IC1.
Replace the
main board.
Check the oscillator signal at
pins 26 or 27 of the CPU
Replace the
main board.
CH 2
Figure 3-12. Waveform 5
Figure 3-14. Waveform 6
Rev. A
3-9
FX-2180 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
Table 3-12. Repairing C244 MAIN Board Assembly (Continued.)
Problem
The
carriage
operation
is
abnormal.
Cause
CPU or
IC9 is
defective.
Checkpoint
• Check the input signal
waveforms (CH 1) at pins 5,
6, 16 and 17 of IC9.
• Check the output signal
waveforms (CH 2) at pins 1,
8, 11 and 18 of IC9.
CH 1
Solution
• If the input
signal is not
correct,
replace the
main board.
• If the output
signal is not
correct,
replace IC9 or
replace the
main board.
Table 3-13. Repairing C244 MAIN Board Assembly (Continued.)
Problem
Paper
feed is
abnormal.
Cause
IC1, IC2
or IC12 is
defective.
Checkpoint
• Check the input signal
waveforms (CH 1) at pins 26
and 43 of IC12.
• Check the output signal
waveforms (CH 2) at pins 3,
6, 18 and 21 of IC12.
CH 1
Solution
• If the input
signal is not
correct,
replace the
main board.
• If the output
signal is not
correct,
replace IC12
or replace the
main board.
CH 2
CH 2
IC1 is
defective
Figure 3-15. Waveform 7
Check the output signals at
pins 62, 63, 64 and 65 of the
IC1.
If the output
signal is not
correct, replace
the main
board.
No data is
printed.
CPU is
defective.
Figure 3-16. Waveform 7
Check the output signal
waveforms at pins 15 or 19 of
IC2.
If the output
signal is not
correct, replace
the main
board.
Figure 3-17. Waveform 8
Rev. A
3-10
FX-2180 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
Table 3-14. Repairing C244 MAIN Board Assembly (Continued.)
Problem
A
particular
dot fails
to print.
Cause
IC1 or
head drive
transistor
(Q2 ∼ Q19)
is
defective.
Checkpoint
• Check the input signal
waveform (CH 1) at BASE of
each transistor.
• Check the output signal
waveform (CH 2) at
COLLECTOR of each
transistor.
CH 1
Solution
• If the input
signal is not
correct,
replace the
main board.
• If the output
signal is not
correct,
replace the
transistor or
the main
board.
CH 2
Figure 3-18. Waveform 9
Rev. A
3-11
FX-2180 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
3.6 REPAIRING THE PRINTER MECHANISM
This section provides instructions for repairing the printer mechanism. It
describes various symptoms, likely causes, checkpoints and solutions. The
checkpoint columns show items to be checked, including proper values to
be set for each component of the printer mechanism. For replacement and
adjustment instructions, see Chapter 4 Disassembly and Assembly, and
Chapter 5 Adjustment. If the same symptom appears after repair, select
another item in the list of the causes and repair the printer according to the
instructions.
Table 3-16. Repairing the Printer Mechanism (Continued.)
Problem
CR
operation
is
abnormal.
Symptom
CR unit moves
slightly and
then stops.
Cause
Lack of
lubrication or
foreign object
lodged in the
printer.
Checkpoint
− Move the CR
unit manually
to check if it
moves
smoothly
− Check CR
shaft or oil pad
for their
condition;
dried up or
not.
HP detector
is detective.
Check HP
detector. (Refer
to Table 3-2.)
Check the Hp
detector.
Table 3-15. Repairing the Printer Mechanism
Problem
CR
operation
is
abnormal.
Rev. A
Symptom
CR motor dose
not rotate at all
when the printer
is turned on.
Cause
CR motor is
defective.
CR motor dose
not rotate at all
and LEDs blink
when the printer
is turned on.
CR motor
rotates when
the printer is
turned on. But
the CR unit
dose not move.
CR unit moves
slightly and then
stops.
CN11 is
disconnected
from the
main board.
Checkpoint
Measure the
coil resistance
of the motor:
Approx. 2.7Ω
(Refer to Table
3-1.)
Check CN11.
The timing
belt comes
off from the
pinion of CR
motor.
Check the
timing belt.
Platen gap is
too narrow.
Check CR unit
by moving it
smoothly by
hand.
Solution
Replace
CR
motor.
Connect
CN11
correctly.
Replace
the
timing
belt.
Confirm
the
platen
gap.
Adjust
platen
gap if
narrow.
CR motor
moves left (HP
side) and
strikes the
frame in the
printer.
A foreign
object is
lodged in HP
detector.
CN4 is
disconnected
from Hp
detector.
HP detector
is failure.
Check the
connection.
Check HP
detector. (Refer
to Table 3-2.)
Solution
Replace
the oil
pad or
lubricate
CR
shaft.
Remove
it and
clean the
shaft,
and
lubricate
it.
Replace
HP
detector.
Remove
any
foreign
object.
Connect
CN4
correctly.
Replace
HP
detector.
3-12
FX-2180 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
Table 3-17. Repairing the Printer Mechanism (Continued.)
Problem
Printer is
abnormal.
Symptom
No image is
printed.
The printer does
not print
particular dots.
Printing is
uneven on the
both edges of
the column.
The printing
result is too
light.
Rev. A
Cause
Common
wires in the
printhead
FFC are
disconnected
or there is no
continuity.
The
printhead is
defective.
Common
wires in the
printhead
FFC are
disconnected
or there is no
continuity.
Platen
parallelism is
not adjusted
properly.
The
printhead is
failure.
The platen
gap is too
wide.
Checkpoint
Check the
common
wires in the
printhead
FFC.
Solution
Replace
the
printhead
FFC.
Measure the
coil
resistance of
the printhead
: Approx.
16.4Ω (Refer
to Table 3-1.)
Check the
FFC for
continuity.
Replace
the
printhead.
Check the
platen
parallelism.
(Refer to
Chapter 5.)
Check if the
tip of the dot
wire is worn.
Check the
platen gap.
(Refer to
Chapter 5.)
Table 3-18. Repairing the Printer Mechanism (Continued.)
Problem
Paper
feed is
abnormal.
Symptom
PF motor dose
not rotate at
all.
Cause
PF motor is
defective.
CN10 is
disconnected
from the main
board.
Rear or Front
PE detector is
defective.
Replace
the FFC.
Rear or Front
PE detector is
not mounted
correctly.
Adjust
platen
parallelism
.
Replace
the
printhead.
Adjust
platen gap
properly.
The printer
only ejects
paper
automatically
when it is
turned on, and
enters READY
status.
A foreign
object is
sticking to
TOP detector.
TOP detector
is defective.
Checkpoint
Measure the
coil
resistance of
PF motor :
Approx.
16.1Ω (Refer
to Table 3-4.)
Check CN10.
Check rear or
front detector.
(Refer to
Table 32,Table 3-2)
Check the
mounting
position.
Check TOP
detector.
Check TOP
detector.
(Refer to
Table 3-2.)
Solution
Replace
PF motor.
Connect
CN10
correctly.
Replace
the
detector.
Mount the
detector
into
proper
position.
Remove it
if the
object is
sticking.
Replace
TOP
detector.
3-13
FX-2180 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
Table 3-19. Repairing the Printer Mechanism (Continued.)
Problem
Paper
feed is
abnormal.
Symptom
Paper is only
ejected
automatically
at power-on,
and the paper
end error
occurs.
Paper is only
ejected
automatically
at power-on,
and the paper
end error
occurs.
Paper is
loaded, but
ejected
automatically.
.
Cause
A foreign
object is
lodged
between
detector and
platen.
Checkpoint
Once remove
the platen, and
check the
platen.
Solution
Remove
any
foreign
object.
CN5 or CN6
is
disconnected.
Rear or Front
PE detector is
failure.
Check the
connection.
Connect
CN5/CN6
correctly.
Replace
the
detector.
TOP
detector’s
FFC (CN7) is
disconnected.
The FFC is
defective.
TOP detector
is defective.
Rev. A
Check rear or
front detector.
(Refer to Table
3-2,Table 3-2)
Check the
connection.
Check the
FFC’s continuity
using a
multimeter.
Check TOP
detector. (Refer
to Table 3-2.)
Table 3-20. Repairing the Printer Mechanism (Continued.)
Problem
Paper
feed is
abnormal.
Ribbon
feed is
abnormal.
Symptom
Cut sheet
paper is
loaded
correctly, but
continuous
paper is not
loaded at all.
Cause
CN12 is not
connected
correctly.
Release
detector is
defective.
Ribbon is not
fed.
The ribbon
cartridge is
defective.
Connect it
correctly.
Foreign
object is
caught in
the gears.
Replace
the FFC.
Replace
TOP
detector.
The ribbon
feeds properly
only when the
carriage
moves in one
direction.
The ribbon
driving
gears are
defective.
Checkpoint
Check the
connection.
Check the
release
detector.
(Refer to
Table 3-3.)
Remove the
cartridge,
and turn the
ribbon feed
knob by hand
to check if
the ribbon is
fed normally.
Check the
ribbon driving
gears.
Check the
gears by
moving the
carriage unit
by hand.
Solution
Connect
CN12
correctly.
Replace the
release
detector.
Replace the
ribbon
cartridge.
Remove the
foreign
object or
replace the
cartridge.
Replace the
ribbon
driving
mechanism.
3-14
&+$37(5
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.1 OVERVIEW
4.1.2 Tools
This section describes various points to note when disassembling and
assembling the printer.
The following tables list the tools recommended for disassembling,
assembling, or adjusting the printer. Use only tools that meet these
specifications.
4.1.1 Precaution
Following the precautions below for disassembly or assembly.
WARNING
„
„
„
Before disassembling, assembling, or adjusting
the printer, disconnect the power supply cable
from the AC power socket. Failure to do so can
cause physical injury.
The power switch is wired in the secondary
circuitry. Therefore, the printer’s primary
circuitry remains live even after the power
switch is turned off.
Never touch primary parts of the power supply
unit (including the heat sink) while the power
supply cable is connected to the AC power
socket.
Table 4-1. Recommended Tools
Tool
Round-nose pliers
Nippers
Tweezers
Soldering iron
E-ring holder #2.5
Phillips screwdriver No.2
Standard screwdriver
Thickness gauge
Note: All tools are commercially available.
Part No.
B740400100
B740500100
B741000100
B740200100
B740800400
B743800200
B743000100
B776702201
Table 4-2. Equipment Required for Maintenance
Description
CAUTION To maintain efficient printer operation:
• Use only recommended tools for maintenance
work.
• Use only recommended lubricants and
adhesives. (Refer to Chapter 6.)
• Adjust the printer only in the manner described in
this manual.
Rev. A
Specification
Multimeter
—
Oscilloscope
50MHz
Note: An oscilloscope is required only for servicers who repair to the
component level.
4-1
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.1.3 Service Check After Repair
Before returning the printer after service, use the check list in the following
table, which provides a record to make servicing and shipping more efficient.
Table 4-3. Inspection Check List for the Repaired Printer (1)
Category
Printer
unit
Components
Printhead
Item
Is any wire broken?
Is any wire worn out?
Carriage
mechanism
Dose the carriage move
smoothly?
Movement noisy
Mechanism dirty
Mechanism oily
Is the CR motor at the
correct temperature (not
overheating)?
Paper advance Is paper advancing
mechanism
smoothly?
Movement noisy
Mechanism dirty
Mechanism oily
Is the paper feed motor
running at the correct
temperature (not
overheating)?
Paper Path
Is the type of paper in the
printer feeding smoothly?
Is the tractor feeding paper
correctly?
Is the paper path clear of
all obstructions?
Is the platen free of
damage?
Rev. A
Check
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Table 4-4. Inspection Check List for the Repaired Printer (2)
Category
Printer unit
Adjustment
Components
Ribbon mask
Self-test
printing
On-line test
printing
Printhead
printing
Checked
Not necessary
Default
settings
Checked
Not necessary
System
upgrade
ROM version
Shipment
Checked
Not necessary
Item
Is the ribbon mask free of
distortion?
Is the self-test printing
performed correctly?
Is the on-line printing
performed correctly?
Is the platen gap adjusted
correctly?
Is Bi-directional print
position adjusted
correctly?
Have user-changeable
settings been reset to the
default settings?
ROM version
.
Has the ribbon been
removed?
Have all relevant parts
been included in the
shipment?
Check
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
4-2
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.1.4 Specifications for Screws
Table 4-6. Screw types
The following table lists the abbreviations used in the following sections for
small parts, such as screws and washers, etc.
Head
Table 4-5. Screw types and Abbreviations
Abbreviation
CPS
CBB
CBS
CBN
CBC
CBA
CB(O)
Part name
Cross-recessed pan head S-tight screw
Cross-recessed bind head B-tight screw
Cross-recessed bind head S-tight screw
Cross-recessed bind head N-tight screw
Cross-recessed bind head C-lamitite screw
Cross-recessed bind head A-lamitite screw
Cross-recessed bind head with outside-toothed lock
washer
Top
Side
Pan
Cross-recessed head
Body
S-tight
Bind
Normal
B-tight
(with Notch)
C-lamitite
A-lamitite
Rev. A
4-3
FX-2180 Service Manual
4.2 DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
This section describes procedures for disassembling and assembling the
main components of the printer. When the procedure for installing a
components is simply the reverse of removing the component, this chapter
dose not describe the assembly procedure. If necessary, special notes on
assembling or adjusting a component are given at the end of description of
each procedure. Be sure to follow the instructions in these notes.
Exploded diagrams in the Appendix shows how the components fit together.
Refer to them as necessary.
CAUTION
„
„
„
Before disassembling any part of the printer,
note the warnings in Section 3.1.
Before beginning to disassemble the printer,
remove the paper , ink ribbon, relevant parts,
etc.
Whenever the printer is repaired, wipe the
surface of the paper width (PW) sensor
assembly with a soft cloth, and keep it clean to
avoid abnormal operation. If the surface is dirty
from any adhering material, sensor sensitivity
goes down and operation is not correct.
Disassembly and Assembly
The flowchart below shows the order to disassemble the printer.
START
Disconnect the printer's power
cord and interface cable.
Preparation for Disassembly
Removing the Panel
Board Assembly
Removing the
HP Sensor
Removing the
Printhead
Removing the
PW Sensor Assembly
Removing the
Platen Assembly
Removing Upper
Housing Assembly
Removing the
Printer Mechanism
Removing the Case
Open Sensor
Removing the CR Motor
Assembly
Removing the Left Frame
Assembly
Removing the RD Assembly
Removing the
Main Board
Removing the PF Motor
Assembly
Removing the Right
Frame Assembly
Removing the Rear
PE Sensor
Removing the
Power Supply Board
Removing PG Sensor
Removing the Front
PE Sensor
Disassemble Right
Frame Assembly
Removing CR Assembly
Figure 4-1. Flowchart for Disassembling the Printer
Rev. A
4-4
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.1 Preparation for Disassembly the Printer
1.
Remove the following belonging parts from the printer:
Front edge guide assembly, Front cover, Bottom cover,
Rear edge guide assembly, Printer cover, Paper eject assembly,
Front / rear tractor assembly, Ribbon cartridge
R e a r E d g e G u id e A s s e m b ly
P r in te r C o v e r
CAUTION Remove the paper eject cover and the front / rear
tractor assembly by pushing to release the hooks
at both sides. When remount them, be sure the
hooks on the projecting parts.
P a p e r E je c t A s s e m b ly
R e a r T r a c to r U n it
F r o n t T r a c to r U n it
K n o b
F r o n t E d g e G u id e A s s e m b ly
F ro n t C o v e r
Figure 4-2. Belonging parts Disassembly
Rev. A
4-5
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.2 Removing the Panel Board Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove the printer cover and ribbon cartridge. (Refer to Section 4.2.1.)
Release the left clips for the panel board assembly by pushing them
from the cutout located on side front of the upper housing assembly.
Release FFC (flexible flat cable) by pulling the lock cover for CN1, and
then disconnect the FFC for CN1 and connector CN2 from the C165
PNL board assembly.
Remove the panel board assembly from the upper housing assembly.
9CHECK POINT „
„
Before disconnecting the FFC from CN1, slide
the lock cover for CN1 as shown in Figure 4-4,
and release the FFC from CN1. After
reconnecting the FFC for CN1, lock the lock
cover.
The FFC must be connected properly, as shown
in following figure. Exposed terminals must be
connected face upward against the C165 PNL
board.
L o c k C o v e r fo r C N 1
L e ft C lip
C N 1
S lid e
C N 1
C N 1
C N 2
C N 1
F F C
Figure 4-3. Remove the Panel Board Assembly
F a c e w ith e x p o s e d te r m in a l
Figure 4-4. Lock Cover for CN1 and FFC
Rev. A
4-6
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.3 Removing the Printhead
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove the printer cover and ribbon cartridge. (Refer to Section 4.2.1.)
Remove two CBS screws (3 × 10)securing the printhead to the CR
assembly.
Remove the printhead from the CR assembly.
Disconnect two wide FFCs from the printhead and then disconnect the
narrow FFC from the connector on the CR cover.
9CHECK POINT „
„
$'-8670(17
P r in th e a d
C B S (3 x 1 0 )
The FFC must be connected properly, as shown
in the following figure.
The tightening torque for the screws : 0.59 ~
0.78 Nm (6 ~ 8 Kgf-cm)
Adjust the platen gap. (Refer to Chapter 5.)
P r in t H e a d
F F C s fo r P r in th e a d
C R A s s e m b ly
F F C s
D ir e c tio n in w h ic h th e e x p lo s e d te r m in a ls fa c e s
Figure 4-6. Method for Connecting the Printhead FFC
Figure 4-5. Removing the Printhead
Rev. A
4-7
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.4 Removing the HP Sensor
1.
2.
3.
Remove the printer cover, ribbon cartridge, front edge guide and front
cover. (Refer to Section 4.2.1.)
Disconnect the connector cable for the HP sensor.
Remove the HP sensor by pushing up and releasing the 2 clips at the
bottom of the HP sensor from the front paper entrance.
9CHECK POINT
Notice the direction for mounting the HP sensor.
Refer to the following figure.
2 C lip s s e c u r in g th e H P s e n s o r
Figure 4-7. Removing the HP Sensor
Rev. A
4-8
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.5 Removing the PW Sensor Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Remove the printer cover and ribbon cartridge. (Refer to Section 4.2.1.)
Remove the CB screw (2.5×5) securing the PW sensor to the ribbon
mask holder.
Release three clips of CR cover securing it to CR assembly from the
bottom of CR Assembly, and pick up the cover a little.
Remove the FFC from the PW sensor connector, mounted onto the CR
cover.
Remove the PW sensor assembly along with the CR cover by pushing
and releasing a clip for the CR cover, as shown in the following figure.
P W
P W
9CHECK POINT „
„
„
S e n s o r F F C
Mount the PW sensor assembly onto the ribbon
mask holder groove, aligning the bottom line of
micro photo sensor to the bottom line of the
groove.
Whenever you remove the PW sensor assembly,
clean the surface of the sensor by wiping it with
a soft material. If the surface is not clear,
abnormal operations may occur, such as
printing on the platen surface.
The tightening torque for the CB screw(2.5×
×5) :
0.08 ∼ 0.12 Nm (0.8 ∼ 0.12 Kgf-cm)
S e n s o r A s s e m b ly
M ic r o P h o to S e n s o r
C R C o v e r
B o ld P e r fo r a te d lin e s S h o w th e G r o o v e s .
C B S c re w ( 2 .5 X 5 F /Z n )
P W
C B (2 x 5 )
S e n s o r A s s e m b ly
P W s e n s o r v ie w e d th r o u g h
th e R ib b o n M a s k H o ld e r
C R A s s e m b ly
Figure 4-8. Removing the PW Sensor Assembly
R ib b o n M a s k H o ld e r
Figure 4-9. Mounting Position for the PW Sensor Assembly
$'-8670(17
Rev. A
Replacing the PW sensor assembly, reset the TPE
level. (Refer to Chapter 5.)
4-9
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.6 Removing the Platen Assembly
1.
2.
3.
Remove the printer cover, ribbon cartridge and platen knob. (Refer to
Section 4.2.1.)
Set the release lever to pull tractor feed mode.
Release both locks for the left and right bushing (8mm) by pushing the
lever holder for the bushings outside, and then pulling the holder lever
forward.
L e ft a n d R ig h t B u s h in g s ( 8 m m )
Figure 4-11. Removing the platen Assembly
9CHECK POINT „
Figure 4-10. Releasing the Locks for the Bushings
4.
5.
Slide the platen assembly to the right, and move the printhead to the
right edge.
Pull the left edge of the platen assembly upward by tilting it backward,
and then pull up the right edge of the platen assembly.
„
„
$'-8670(17
Rev. A
Before installing the platen assembly into the
printer mechanism, move the printhead to the
right edge of the CR shaft, and set the release
lever to the tractor position. This pre-assembly
operation helps you mount the platen assembly
more easily.
After installing the platen assembly into the
printer mechanism, make sure both locks for left
and right bushings (8mm) are locked
completely.
Be careful handling the lever holders for the left
and right bushings (8mm). These are fragile.
Adjust the platen gap. (Refer to chapter 5.)
4-10
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.7 Removing the Upper Housing Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Remove the printer cover, rear edge guide assembly paper eject
assembly and rear tractor unit. (Refer to Section 4.2.1.)
Remove the panel board assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.2.)
Remove four CBB screws (4 × 4) securing the upper housing assembly.
Remove the platen knob.
Lift up the front side of the housing assembly by releasing 2 hooks from
the holes locates on the right and left of the front bottom side.
Figure 4-13. Removing the Upper Housing Assembly
9CHECK POINT
Figure 4-12. Releasing the Upper Housing Assembly Hooks
6.
The tightening torque for the CBB screw : 0.98 ∼
1.22 Nm (10 ∼ 12 Kgf-cm)
Remove the upper housing assembly.
Rev. A
4-11
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.8 Removing the Case Open Sensor Assembly
1.
2.
3.
Remove the printer cover, rear edge guide assembly, paper eject
assembly and rear tractor unit. (Refer to Section 4.2.1.)
Remove the panel board assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.2.)
Turn the upper housing assembly over and remove the case open
sensor assembly by loosening one CBB screw (3 × 8) securing the
sensor holder to the upper housing assembly.
C .B .B . S c re w
(3 x 8 F /Z n )
C .B .S c re w
( 2 x 8 F /N i)
C a s e O p e n
S e n s o r A s s e m b ly
S e n s o r
H o ld e r
U p p e r H o u s in g A s s e m b ly
Figure 4-14. Removing the Case Open Sensor Assembly
Rev. A
4-12
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.9 Removing the Printer Mechanism
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Remove the printer cover, the rear / front edge guide assemblies, front
cover, paper eject assembly, and rear tractor unit. (Refer to Section
4.2.1.)
Remove the panel board assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.2.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.7.)
Remove three CBS screws (3 × 4) securing the upper shield plate to
the printer mechanism and the upper I/F grounding plate on the main
board assembly.
Remove four printer mechanism mounting screws securing the printer
mechanism.
Disconnect the following connectors on the main board assembly.
P r itn e r M e c h a n is m
M o u n tin g S c r e w s
Table 4-7. Connectors’ List
Number
Connector Number
Pin
Connector
Color
Color
CN4
3
white
CN5
3
black
CN6
2
white
CN7
4
gray
CN8
18
gray
CN9
16
gray
CN10
4
white
CN11
5
white
CN12
4
white
CN13
4
black
Note : Disconnect the cable for CN10 and CN11 after releasing the
connector locks by pulling up.
7.
Pin
Remove the printer mechanism.
9CHECK POINT „
„
$'-8670(17
Rev. A
Notice the connector for cables CN10 and CN11,
and align the red colored cable to pin 1 of the
connector.
The tightening torque for the printer mechanism
mounting screws : 0.78 ∼ 0.98 Nm (10 ∼ 12 Kgfcm)
If remove or replace the printer mechanism once,
adjust the bi-directional print alignment and reset
the TPE level. (Refer to Section Chapter4.)
Figure 4-15. Removing the Printer Mechanism
4-13
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.9.1 Removing the CR Motor Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Remove the printer cover, rear edge guide assembly, paper eject
assembly and rear tractor unit. (Refer to Section 4.2.1.)
Remove the panel board assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.2.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.7.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.)
After releasing the extension spring 15.7, then disengage the timing
belt from the CR motor Assembly.
Remove the two CR mounting screws securing the CR motor assembly.
Disconnect the cable for CN11 from the main board.
Remove the CR motor assembly from the printer mechanism.
9CHECK POINT
$'-8670(17
The tightening torque for the 2 CR Mounting
screws : 0.78 ∼ 0.98 Nm (8 ∼ 10 Kgf-cm)
Adjust the bi-directional print alignment and reset
the TPE level. (Refer to Section Chapter4.)
C R M o u n tin g S c r e w
E x te n s io n S p r in g 1 5 .7
C R M o to r A s s e m b ly
Figure 4-16. Removing the CR Motor Assembly
Rev. A
4-14
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.9.2 Removing the PF Motor
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Remove the printer cover, the rear / front edge guide assemblies, front
cover, paper eject assembly, and rear / fronts tractor units. (Refer to
Section 4.2.1.)
Remove the panel board assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.2.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.7.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.)
Set the release lever to the pull tractor mode.
Remove one CBS screw (3 × 6) and screw (3 × 10) securing the PF
motor.
Disconnect connector CN10 from the main board assembly.
Remove the PF motor from the right sub frame.
Return the release lever to the friction feed mode.
9CHECK POINT „
„
„
R e le a s e L e v e r
P F M o to r
C B (3 x 8 )
Before attaching the PF motor to the proper
position on the right sub frame, set the release
lever to the pull tractor mode ( full release
position).
The CB screw (3 × 8) is used to secure the upper
part of the PF motor. The CBS screw (3 × 6) is
used to secure the lower part of the PF motor.
The tightening torque for the CB and CBS
screws : 0.8 ∼ 1.0 Nm (8 ∼ 10 Kgf-cm)
C B S (3 x 1 0 )
R ig h t S u b F r a m e
Figure 4-17. Removing the PF Motor
Rev. A
4-15
FX-2180 Service Manual
4.2.9.3 Removing the PG Sensor Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Remove the printer cover, the rear / front edge guide assemblies, front
cover, paper eject assembly, and rear / fronts tractor units. (Refer to
Section 4.2.1.)
Remove the panel board assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.2.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.7.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.)
Remove one hexagon nut (M4) securing the PG sensor assembly to the
right frame assembly.
Disassembly and Assembly
9CHECK POINT „
„
„
When the sensors are mounted to the PG sensor
holder be sure to mount the while connector’s
sensor in the upper position as shown in the
following figure.
When securing the shaft, push the front CR
guide shaft to the bottom of the cutout.
The tightening torque for the hexagon nut : 1.18
∼ 1.37 Nm (12 ∼ 14 Kgf-cm)
P G S W 1
( W h ite c o n n e c to r )
P G
S e n s o r A s s e m b ly
P G S W 2
( B la c k c o n n e c to r )
Figure 4-19. Mounting the Sensors for PG Sensor Holder
H e x a g o n N u t
Figure 4-18. Removing the PG Sensor Assembly
Rev. A
4-16
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.9.4 Removing the Right Frame Assembly
1.
Remove the printer cover, the rear / front edge guide assemblies, front
cover, paper eject assembly, and rear / fronts tractor units. (Refer to
Section 4.2.1.)
2. Remove the panel board assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.2.)
3. Remove the upper housing assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.7.)
4. Remove the printer mechanism. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.)
5. Remove the CR motor assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.1.)
6. Remove the PF motor. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.2.)
7. Remove the PG sensor assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.3.)
8. Remove the hexagon nut (M4) securing the gap adjust lever. Then,
remove the lever from the right frame assembly.
9. Remove one CBS screws (3 × 6) securing the platen cover to the right
frame assembly.
10. Remove two CBS screws (3 × 6) securing the right frame assembly at
the positions illustrated.
11. Remove the right frame assembly.
$'-8670(17
Adjust the platen gap and Bi-directional print
alignment. (Refer to Chapter 5.)
C B S S c re w (3 x 6 )
Figure 4-20. Removing the Right Frame Assembly
Rev. A
4-17
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.9.5 Disassembling the Right Frame Assembly
1.
2.
Remove one CBS screw (3 × 6) and one CBS screw (3 × 8) securing
the right sub frame. (The bold line in the illustration is the right sub
frame.)
Remove the right sub frame from the right frame.
C o m p r e s s io n S p r in g 2 0 0 a n d
P la in W a s h e r
S p u r G e a r 2 1
S p u r G e a r 3 4 .5
C o m b in a tio n G e a r 8 /3 1 .5
R ig h t S u b F r a m e
In te r m itte n t G e a r
S p u r G e a r 2 7
S p u r G e a r 3 4 .5
S p u r G e a r 3 4
Figure 4-22. Engaging Gears 1
C B S (3 x 6 )
C B S (3 x 8 )
Figure 4-21. Removing the Right Sub Frame
9CHECK POINT „
„
„
Rev. A
$'-8670(17
Adjust the Bi-directional print alignment. (Refer to
chapter 4.)
The tightening torque for the CBS screws (3 × 6)
and (3 × 8) : 0.78 ∼ 0.98 Nm (8 ∼ 10 Kgf-cm)
The tightening torque for the hexagon nut : 1.18
∼ 1.37 Nm (12 ∼ 14 Kgf-cm)
Mount the 11 parts above on the right frame
assembly, as shown in the following figures.
4-18
FX-2180 Service Manual
9CHECK POINT „
„
Disassembly and Assembly
Notice how the intermittent gear, release lever,
and release transmission lever are engaged.
When engage the release lever and release
transmission lever to the tractor clutch cam,
notice the points in the following figure.
R e le a s e L e v e r
R e le a s e T r a n s m is s io n L e v e r
In te r m itte n t G e a r
Figure 4-23. Engaging Gears 2
9CHECK POINT
Pay attention to how the tractor clutch cam is
engaged as following figure.
T r a c to r C lu tc h C a m
Figure 4-24. Engaging the Tractor Clutch Cam
Rev. A
4-19
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.9.6 Removing the Left Frame Assembly
1.
Remove the printer cover, the rear / front edge guide assemblies, front
cover, paper eject assembly, and rear / fronts tractor units. (Refer to
Section 4.2.1.)
2. Remove the panel board assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.2.)
3. Remove the upper housing assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.7.)
4. Remove the printer mechanism. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.)
5. Disconnect two connector cables from two release lever sensors, and
then disconnect the connector cable from the HP sensor.
6. Remove the platen assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.6.)
7. Remove one CBS screws (3 × 6) securing the platen cover to the left
and right frame assemblies.
8. Remove one hexagon nut (M4) securing the CR guide shaft and left
frame.
9. Remove four CBS screws (3 × 6) securing the left frame assembly.
10. Remove the left frame assembly.
9CHECK POINT „
„
The tightening torque for the CBS screws (3 × 6)
: 0.78 ∼ 0.98 Nm (8 ∼ 10 Kgf-cm)
The tightening torque for the hexagon nut : 1.18
∼ 1.37 Nm (12 ∼ 14 Kgf-cm)
P la te n C o v e r
C B S
C .B .S S c re w (3 X 6 F Z /n )
H e x a g o n N u t ( N o r m a l, M 4 )
S c r e w ( 3 X 6 F Z /n ) S e c u r in g th e L e ft F r a m e A s s e m b ly
Figure 4-25. Removing the Left Frame Assembly
$'-8670(17
Rev. A
Adjust the Bi-directional print alignment. (Refer to
chapter 4.)
4-20
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.9.7 Removing the Ribbon Drive (RD) Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Remove the printer cover, the rear / front edge guide assemblies, front
cover, paper eject assembly, and rear / fronts tractor units. (Refer to
Section 4.2.1.)
Remove the panel board assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.2.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.7.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.)
Remove the left frame assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.6.)
Remove two CBS screws (3 × 8) securing the RD assembly to the front
frame.
Remove the RD assembly from the front frame.
Remove the timing belt from the DR assembly.
9CHECK POINT „
„
R a c h e t,R D
The tightening torque for the CBS screws (3 × 8)
: 0.78 ∼ 0.98 Nm (8 ∼ 10 Kgf-cm)
Notice how the gears in the RD assembly are
engaged as shown in the following figure;
C o m b in a tio n G e a r 7 /2 3
D r iv e n P u lly A s s e m b ly
D r iv e n P u lly A s s e m b ly
S p u r G e a r 2 5
R D A s s e m b ly
S p u r G e a r 1 1
T im in g B e lt
Figure 4-27. Engaging Gears for the RD Assembly
$'-8670(17
Adjust the Bi-directional print alignment. (Refer to
chapter 4.)
Figure 4-26. Removing the RD Assembly
Rev. A
4-21
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.9.8 Removing the CR Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Remove the printer cover, the rear / front edge guide assemblies, front
cover, paper eject assembly, and rear / fronts tractor units. (Refer to
Section 4.2.1.)
Remove the panel board assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.2.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.7.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.)
Remove the left frame assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.6.)
Removing the RD assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.7.)
Disconnect 3 FFCs from the printhead and PW sensor assembly.(Refer
to Section 4.2.5.)
C R A s s e m b ly
R e a r C R
G u id e S h a ft
F F C s
P W
S e n s o r A s s e m b ly
Figure 4-29. Removing the CR Assembly
10. Remove the timing belt from the 2 holding slots under CR assembly.
11. Remove the CR assembly.
9CHECK POINT „
„
C B (2 x 5 )
Insert the timing belt properly into the 2 holding
slots at the bottom of the CR assembly.
Take up this timing belt slack between the two
slots completely, as shown in the following
figure;
C R
A s s e m b ly
Figure 4-28. Disconnect the FFCs
8.
9.
Disengage the timing belt from the CR motor pinion gear.
Remove the CR assembly from the rear/front CR guide shaft.
T im in g B e lt
Figure 4-30. Inserting the Timing Belt
Rev. A
4-22
FX-2180 Service Manual
9CHECK POINT
Disassembly and Assembly
Insert the 2 oil pads into the proper position in the
CR assembly, as shown in the following figure;
R e a r C R G u id e S h a ft
9CHECK POINT „
„
O il P a d
If remove the rear CR guide shaft along the CR
assembly once, be sure to reinstall the rear CR
guide shaft in the printer mechanism.
The rear CR guide shaft has been a drilled
through hole near the right edge, and one side
of the hole has a chamfered edge. This edge
should be up, as shown in the following figure;
C R G u id e S h a ft
C h a m fe r e d h o le
C R A s s e m b ly
Figure 4-31. Installing the Oil Pad in the CR Assembly
L e ft F r a m e A s s e m b ly
Figure 4-32. Assembling the Rear CR Guide Shaft
$'-8670(17
Rev. A
Adjust the Bi-directional print alignment. (Refer to
chapter 4.)
4-23
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.9.9 Removing the Rear PE Sensor Assembly
4.2.9.10 Removing the Front PE Sensor Assembly
1.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Remove the printer cover, the rear / front edge guide assemblies, front
cover, paper eject assembly, and rear / fronts tractor units. (Refer to
Section 4.2.1.)
Remove the panel board assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.2.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.7.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.)
Turn the printer over, and insert a standard screwdriver bit or other
prying tool into the hole in the rear frame as shown in the following
figure;
Release two clips while pushing up the rear PE sensor with the
screwdriver bit or other prying tool.
Remove the rear PE sensor assembly after disconnecting the
connector.
C lip s
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Remove the printer cover, the rear / front edge guide assemblies, front
cover, paper eject assembly, and rear / fronts tractor units. (Refer to
Section 4.2.1.)
Remove the panel board assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.2.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.7.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (Refer to Section 4.2.9.)
Turn the printer over, and insert a standard screwdriver bit or other
prying tool into the hole in the rear frame as shown in the following
figure;
Release two clips while pushing up the front PE sensor with the
screwdriver bit or other prying tool.
Remove the rear PE sensor assembly after disconnecting the
connector.
R e a r P E S e n s o r A s s e m b ly
C lip s
R e a r F ra m e
Figure 4-33. Removing the Rear PE Sensor Assembly
Rev. A
F r o n t P E S e n s o r A s s e m b ly
Figure 4-34. Removing the Front PE Sensor Assembly
4-24
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.9.11 Removing the Main Board Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
C B B (3 x 1 2 )
Remove the printer cover, the rear / front edge guide assemblies, front
cover, paper eject assembly, and rear / fronts tractor units. (Refer to
Section 4.2.1.)
Remove the panel board assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.2.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.7.)
Disconnect the following connectors from the main board assembly.
C B C (3 x 8 )
U p p e r C o n n e c to r C o v e r
C B S (3 x 1 2 )
Table 4-8. Connectors’ List
Number
C B B (3 x 1 2 )
Connector Number
Pin
Connector
Color
Color
CN3
10
white
CN4
3
white
CN5
3
black
CN6
2
white
CN7
4
gray
CN8
18
gray
CN9
16
gray
CN10
4
white
CN11
5
white
CN12
4
white
CN13
4
black
CN15
22
white
Note1 :Disconnect the cable for CN10 and CN11 after releasing the
connector locks by pulling up.
Note2 : Disconnect the cable for CN3 by pushing down the connector cover.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Pin
Remove three CBS screws (3 × 4) securing the upper shield plate to
the printer mechanism and the upper I/F grounding plate on the main
board assembly.
Remove two CBS screws (3 × 12) securing the upper connector cover.
Remove five CBS screws (3 × 12) and one CBC lamitite screw (3 × 8)
securing the main board assembly to the lower housing assembly.
Remove the option I/F cage from the main board by releasing the hooks
which is fixing it to the main board.
Remove the main board assembly with the upper I/F grounding plate.
Figure 4-35. Removing the Main Board Assembly
9CHECK POINT „
„
„
„
$'-8670(17
Rev. A
Notice the location of CBC lamitite screw (3 × 8)
refer to the following figure.
Lock CN10 and CN11 by pushing down each
connector’s lock after inserting the connector
cable.
The tightening torque for the CBB screws (3 ×
12) : 0.78 ∼ 0.98 Nm (8 ∼ 10 Kgf-cm)
The tightening torque for the CBB screws (3 × 8)
: 0.78 ∼ 0.98 Nm (8 ∼ 10 Kgf-cm)
If replace the main board, adjust the bi-directional
print alignment and run the default setting
program. (Refer to Chapter 5.)
4-25
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.9.12 Removing the Power Supply board Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Remove the printer cover, the rear / front edge guide assemblies, front
cover, paper eject assembly, and rear / fronts tractor units. (Refer to
Section 4.2.1.)
Remove the panel board assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.2.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (Refer to Section 4.2.7.)
Remove the five CBB screws (3 × 12) securing the power supply board
assembly.
Disconnect the cable for CN3 on the main board assembly.
Disconnect the cable for the fan motor from CN3 on the power supply
board assembly.
Remove the power supply board assembly while pulling up the fan
motor.
P o w e r S u p p ly B o a r d A s s e m b ly
C N 3
9CHECK POINT „
„
„
Insert the cable for CN2 on the power supply
board under the fan motor.
The tightening torque for the CBB screws (3 ×
12) : 0.78 ∼ 0.98 Nm (8 ∼ 10 Kgf-cm)
Notice the direction for mounting the fan motor.
The label side of fan faces for the main board
assembly. (Refer to the above figure.)
F a n M o to r
L a b e l s id e
M a in B o a r d
Figure 4-36. Removing the Power Supply Board Assembly
Rev. A
4-26
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.10 Disassembly and Assembly of CSF Bin 1
G e a r 2 9
D r iv e n T r a n s m is s io n G e a r
This section describes procedure for disassembling and assembling the
operational cut sheet feeder. In general, you can install a component in the
CSF simply by reversing the procedure for removing. Therefore, this section
dose not describe assembly procedures in most cases. If necessary, special
notes on assembling a component are given at the end of description of
each procedure.
C S F P la n e ta r y L e v e r A s s e m b ly
P a p e r E je c t D r iv e n T r a n s m is s io n G e a r
G e a r 3 0
4.2.10.1 Disassembling the Right Side Block
1.
C o m b in a tio n G e a r 2 0 /3 3 .5
Remove the CFS gear cover by pushing and releasing the 4 clips in the
following figure.
C S F G e a r C o v e r
C lip s
R ig h t C S F F r a m e
C o m b in a tio n G e a r 8 .5 /3 3
G e a r 1 8
G e a r 1 5
G e a r 1 5 .5
C S F P la n e ta r y L e v e r S u b A s s e m b ly
G e a r 1 0
P a p e r E je c t T r a n s m is s io n G e a r A
Figure 4-38. Engaging 13 Gears
9CHECK POINT „
„
Be careful of the cable alignment for the CN1
connector cable and earth cable.
Align those cables as shown in the following
figure. If these cables are not aligned properly,
the CSF gear cover cannot be assembled
properly.
R ig h t C S F F r a m e
C N 1
Figure 4-37. Releasing the clips for the CSF Gear Cover
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Remove three CPB tight (3 × 12) screws securing the stepping motor to
the CSF frame.
Disconnect connector CN1 from the CSF board assembly, ans then
remove the stepping motor.
Remove one CPB tight (3 × 12) screw securing the CSF board
assembly, and disconnect connector CN2.
Remove the CSF board assembly by releasing one clip fixing the CSF
board assembly to the right CSF frame.
Remove the 13 gears mounted on the right CSF frame.
Rev. A
C N 2
Figure 4-39. Cable Alignment
4-27
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.10.2 Disassembling Paper Support Block Assembly
1.
2.
3.
Remove the CSF gear cover. (Refer to Section 4.2.10.1.)
Remove the stepping motor. (Refer to step2 and 3 in the Section
4.2.10.1.)
Remove one E-ring fixing the right edge of the paper feed shaft.
6.
7.
Remove one CSF tight (3 × 8) screw securing the paper support shaft
to the right CSF frame, as shown in the following figure.
Remove the paper support assembly along with the paper support shaft
and paper shaft holder by pulling upward.
P a p e r S u p p o r t A s s e m b ly
Figure 4-40. Removing the E-ring
4.
Remove the gear 29 from the right edge of the paper feed shaft.
P a p e r F e e d S h a ft
C P B (3 x 8 )
Figure 4-42. Removing the Paper Support Assembly
G e a r 2 9
8.
9.
Remove both paper feed roller from both paper support assemblies.
Remove both paper loading roller cover assemblies by releasing the
clips fixing them to the paper support assembly.
Figure 4-41. Removing the Gear 29
5.
Remove the paper feed shaft pulling it toward the right side.
Rev. A
4-28
FX-2180 Service Manual
P a p e r L o a d in g R o lle r C o v e r
Disassembly and Assembly
P a p e r S u p p o r t A s s e m b ly
Figure 4-43. Removing the Paper Loading Roller Cover Assembly
10. Remove the paper support shaft by pulling it toward the right or left
side.
11. Remove the paper holder spring.
9CHECK POINT
Rev. A
Be sure to assemble the paper feed roller into the
proper side. Because, the right and left rollers are
not interchangeable each other.
4-29
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.10.3 Removing the Paper Eject Assembly Cover
1.
Remove the paper assembly cover by releasing two clips located along
both edges of the paper eject assembly cover, as shown in the
following figure.
P la s tic F ilm
P a p e r E je c t A s s e m b ly C o v e r
Figure 4-44. Removing the Paper Eject Assembly Cover
9CHECK POINT
Rev. A
Figure 4-45. Plastic Film Located Position
When attaching the paper eject assembly cover to
the CSF unit, pay attention to assemble the
position of 2 pieces of thin plastic film glued on
the reverse side of the paper eject assembly
cover, as shown in the following figure.
4-30
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.11 Disassembly and Assembly of CSF Bin 2
2.
4.2.11.1 Disassembling the Right Side Block
1.
Remove the following 5 gears and the spring from the CSF frame.
Remove the gear train cover by releasing the four clips shown in the
following figure.
C S F P la n e ta r y L e v e r A s s e m b ly
C lip s
C S F T r a n s m is s io n
G a u g e S p r in g
P la in W a s h e r
C o m b in a tio n G e a r 2 5 /1 1
W h ite G e a r 2 2
G e a r 2 2
Figure 4-47. Removing Gear train
C lip s
G e a r T r a in C o v e r
Figure 4-46. Removing the Gear Train Cover
Rev. A
4-31
FX-2180 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
4.2.11.2 Disassembling the Paper Support Block Assembly
1.
2.
L e ft P a p e r H o ld e r
Remove the E-ring fixing the paper feed roller shaft to the right CSF
frame.
Remove two CTBS (3 × 8) screws securing the paper support shaft to
both right and left CSF frame.
L e ft P a p e r F e e d R o lle r
P a p e r S u p p o rt S h a ft
R ig h t P a p e r F e e d R o lle r
P a p e r S u p p o r t R o lle r
R ig h t P a p e r H o ld e r
E - r in g
C T B S (3 x 8 )
P a p e r F e e d R o lle r
L e ft C S F R o lle r C o v e r
R ig h t C S F F r a m e
R ig h t C S F R o lle r C o v e r
Figure 4-48. Removing E-ring and Screw
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Remove both paper support assemblies along with the paper feed roller
shaft and paper support shaft.
Remove the paper feed shaft from both paper support assemblies by
pulling them toward the right or left side.
Remove both paper feed roller from the paper support assemblies.
Remove both CSF roller cover by releasing the clips fixing them to the
paper support assemblies.
Remove the paper support shaft by pulling out it toward the right or left
side.
Rev. A
P a p e r F e e d R o lle r S h a ft
Figure 4-49. Removing the Paper Feed Roller Covers
8.
Remove the paper holder sliding it along the paper support shaft, and
then remove the paper holder spring from the paper holder.
9CHECK POINT
Be careful to assemble the paper feed roller into
the proper side of the paper feed roller shaft.
Because, The right and left rollers are not
interchangeable each other.
4-32
&+$37(5
ADJUSTMENT
FX-2180 Service Manual
Adjustment
5.1 ADJUSTMENT OVERVIEW
9CHECK POINT
5.1.1 Required Adjustment
This section describes what adjustments are required after any part is
removed or replaced. The following table shows the relationship between
the repaired item and the adjustment.
Platen
Gap
Bidirectional
Print
Alignment
❍
Printer Mechanism

Replacement
Main Board Replacement

❍
PW Sensor Assembly


Replacement
Platen Assembly

❍
Replacement or Removal
CR Motor Assembly

❍
Replacement or Removal
Right Frame Assembly
❍
❍
Replacement or Removal
Right Frame Disassembly

❍
Left Frame Replacement
❍
❍
or Removal
RD Assembly
❍
❍
Replacement or Removal
CR Assembly
❍
❍
Replacement or Removal
Note 1 : “  “ means adjustment is not required.
Note 2 : “❍
❍” means adjustment is required.
Rev. A
5.1.2 Required Adjustment Tools
The following table shows the tools required for each adjustment.
Table 5-1. Required Adjustment
Required Item /
Adjustment
When any part is replaced or reassembled, use the
Check Program included on the Settings Diskette
to check the performance and settings of various
check pattern.
Factory
Setting
TPE
Level
Reset

❍
❍


❍














Table 5-2. Required Adjustment Tools
Adjustment
Platen Gap
Bi-directional Print
Alignment
Factory Settings
TPE Level Reset
Required Tool
Thickness Gauge (B776702201)
Settings Diskette or Remote Utility or
Panel Operation
Settings Diskette
Settings Diskette
5-1
FX-2180 Service Manual
Adjustment
5.2 ADJUSTMENT AND RESETTING
5.2.1 Platen Gap Adjustment
PG SW1
If you have rotated or reassembled the rear CR guide shaft or parallelism
adjustment bushing, or if printing is too light or too dark, even at the proper
PG lever position, perform this adjustment at 3 positions : left end column,
center column and right end column.
1. Remove the printhead from the CR assembly once. (Refer to Chapter
4.)
2. Remove the ribbon mask from the ribbon mask holder using tweezers,
as shown in the following figure.
Ribbon Mask
PG SW2
PG Adjust Slot
PG Adjust Lever
Figure 5-2. Settings the PG Adjustment Lever
Ribbon Mask Holder
8.
9.
Insert the thickness gauge vertically between the printhead and platen.
Insert a thin screwdriver into the drilled hole, located at the right edge of
the rear CR guide shaft and adjust the platen gap by moving the
screwdriver to forward or backward until the gap is large enough for a
0.42 mm thickness gauge but too narrow for a 0.45 mm thickness
gauge.
Figure 5-1. Removing the Ribbon Mask
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Attach the printhead to the CR assembly again, tightening the 2 CBS
screws (3 × 10).
Move the printhead to left end column position.
Set the release lever to the FRICTION position.
Set the PG adjust lever to the second slot from rear of the printer
mechanism as shown in the following figure.
Loosen the hexagon nut (M4) securing the PG adjust lever while setting
the PG adjust lever to the second slot position from the rear of the
printer mechanism.
Rev. A
5-2
FX-2180 Service Manual
Adjustment
Drilled Hole
Figure 5-3. Platen Gap Adjusting
th
10. When the gap is correct at the 5 column, check the platen gap at the
center column, and then the right edge column position.
11. If the platen gap is wider at the left edge column than right edge
column, adjust the parallelism for rear CR guide shaft by moving the
parallelism adjustment bushing backward. If the platen gap is more
narrow for the left edge column than the right edge column, adjust the
parallelism of the CR guide shaft by moving the parallelism adjustment
bushing forward. Refer to the following figure.
Hexagon Nut
Parallelism Adjustment Bushing
Figure 5-4. Adjusting the Parallelism of the CR Guide Shaft
12. Continue performing adjustment step 8 to 11 until the platen gap
correct at all 3 positions. After completing the adjustment, remove the
screwdriver from the rear CR guide shaft.
13. After inserting the ribbon mask in the ribbon mask holder and installing
the printhead into CR assembly, tighten two CBS screws (3 × 8) to
attach the printhead.
14. Tighten the hexagon nut (M4) securing the PG adjust lever.
Rev. A
5-3
FX-2180 Service Manual
Adjustment
5.2.2 Bi-directional Print Alignment (Bi-d) Adjustment
Program : J******
9 pins
VR 0 = 0
This section describes the procedure for adjustment the bi-directional print
alignment, required after mechanism repair. This procedure is also
necessary if you replace the main board assembly or EEPROM, because
the adjusted value is written to the EEPROM on the main board. You can
perform the adjustment from the setting diskette, using the control panel, or
with a remote utility. This section describes the adjustment procedure with
the diskette first, and then describes the adjustment procedure using the
control panel.
9CHECK POINT „
„
„
„
[
> (1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
When the main board is replaced, reset the
Factory Setting first, then perform the Bidirectional print alignment.
Do not perform the Bi-directional print alignment
if the input voltage is fluctuating heavily.
When you run the GWBASIC, the PC must be
switched from Windows to DOS prompt
condition.
When you perform the Bi-d adjustment, use the
15 inch width continuous paper.
Insert the Setting Diskette into Drive A of the PC and the power on.
Type GWBASIC and press ENTER to run the BASIC.
Load and run the adjustment program. First, the program displays
Machine Select Menu.
Program : J******
9 pins
VR 0 = 0
Setting : *****
VR 1 = 0
[ Printer select
> (1) 9 pins
(2) 24 pins
]
VR 2 = 0
Figure 5-5. Machine Select Menu
4.
5.
Highlight 9 pins by moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key and select it by
pressing ENTER.
After select 9 pins, the display shows the following menu;
Rev. A
VR 2 = 0
]
Figure 5-6. Setting File Menu
Table 5-3. Destination Settings
5.2.2.1 Bi-d Adjustment using the Setting Diskette
1.
2.
3.
Setting File
DEFSTD
EURSTD
NLSP
ITALIC
RUSSIAN
Setting : ******
VR 1 = 0
6.
7.
Destination
EAI
EIRO
EUL
Setting
USASTD
EURSTD
EURSTD
Setting
USASTD
EURSTD
EURSTD
EURSTD
EURSTD
DEFSTD
Destination
EAI (Latin)
EDG
EUL
(SCANDINAVIA)
EIS
EDG (NLSP)
EAL
EFS
EIB
EUL (MIDDLE
EAST)
ESP
DEFSTD
EHK
DEFSTD
EURSTD
NLSP
DEFSTD
In the menu, highlight the factory settings for the printer’s destination by
moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key, and select the destination factory
settings by pressing ENTER referring the Table 5-3.
After select the each factory setting, the display shows the main menu
as following;
Program : J******
9 pins
VR 0 = 0
[
> (1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Main MENU ]
Bi-d Adjust
FF paper
A3 Cut sheet
A4 1P Cut sheet
A4 6P Cut sheet
Setting : *****
VR 1 = 0
VR 2 = 0
(6) Envelope
(7) ---- N/A ---(8) -- SUB MENU
Figure 5-7. Main Menu
5-4
FX-2180 Service Manual
8. Highlight Bi-d Adjust by moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key and select it
by pressing ENTER.
9. After select Bi-D Adjust, the display shows the Bi-D Adjustment Menu
as following figure.
Adjustment
9CHECK POINT
The adjusted value is not stored in the EEPROM
until the printer power off, so you must once
power off and on the printer after adjustment.
< Bi-d adjustment >
> Mode 0 = 0
Mode 1 = 0
Mode 2 = 0
Cancel
[ ESC ]
Print
[ SPACE ]
Speed
[
]
Value
[
]
Write
[ RET ]
Default
[ HOME ]
Figure 5-8. Bi-d Adjustment Menu
10. Highlight the mode by moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key, and then print
the current Bi-d pattern for that mode by pressing SPACE.
Mode 0
VR0 = 0
HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH
HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH
HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH
HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH
Figure 5-9. Current Bi-d Pattern
11. If the Bi-d pattern is not aligned properly, adjust it by changing the input
value with ← or → key. If the second row is shifted to the right of the
first row, change the value by pressing ← key, and print the new Bi-d
pattern by pressing SPACE. If the secondary row is shifted to the left of
the first row, change the value by pressing → key, and print the new Bid pattern by pressing SPACE. Perform this operation for each mode
(0,1 and 2).
12. When Bi-d is corrected for each print mode, press ENTER to transmit
the adjusted value to the main board and print the adjusted value for
each mode. This operation makes the program return to the Main Menu
automatically.
13. To exit this program, press ESC until the display returns to the DOS
prompt.
Rev. A
5-5
FX-2180 Service Manual
Adjustment
5.2.2.2 Bi-D Adjustment from the Control Panel
1.
2.
3.
Turn the printer on while pressing the PAUSE button to put the printer
into Bi-d adjustment mode.
The printer print out a guide sheet, containing 25 patterns in Super
Draft mode.
Look for the pattern most closely aligned on the sheet.
Figure 5-10. 25 Patterns
4.
5.
6.
7.
Figure 5-11. Supper Draft Pattern
Press the LF / FF or Load / Eject button until the Pitch lights match
those for the best-aligned pattern on the guide sheet.
Press the FONT button to save your selection. The printer then prints
25 patterns in the Draft mode on the additional pages.
Return to step 3 of this procedure to adjust the Bi-d adjustment in the
Draft mode and NLQ mode.
When you have performed the NLQ mode Bi-D adjustment, turn the
printer off to finish the adjustment and save the value into the EEPROM
on the main board.
Rev. A
5-6
FX-2180 Service Manual
Adjustment
5.2.3 Factory Settings
This section describes the procedure to reset factory settings, which is
necessary if the main board is replaced. You can perform this procedure
only with the setting diskette.
9CHECK POINT
1.
2.
3.
6.
7.
After you select factory setting in the Setting File
menu, be sure to run the check program in the
Main Menu. Running the check program writes the
selected factory settings to the EEPROM and print
several patterns.
Program : J******
9 pins
VR 0 = 0
[
(1)
>(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Insert the Setting Diskette into Drive A of the PC and the power on.
Type GWBASIC and press ENTER to run the BASIC.
Load and run the adjustment program. First, the program displays
Machine Select Menu.
Program : J******
9 pins
VR 0 = 0
Setting : *****
VR 1 = 0
[ Printer select
> (1) 9 pins
(2) 24 pins
]
In the menu, highlight the factory settings for the printer’s destination by
moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key, and select the destination factory
settings by pressing ENTER referring the Table 5-3.
After select the each factory setting, the display shows the main menu
as following;
Main MENU ]
Bi-d Adjust
FF paper
A3 Cut sheet
A4 1P Cut sheet
A4 6P Cut sheet
Setting : *****
VR 1 = 0
VR 2 = 0
(6) Envelope
(7) ---- N/A ---(8) -- SUB MENU
Figure 5-14. Main Menu
8.
VR 2 = 0
9.
In this menu, select one of the check program, from 2 to 6, depending
on the paper loaded, run the check program to print out check patterns.
Running the check program write the selected factory settings to
EEPROM.
To exit the program, press ESC until the display returns to the DOS
prompt.
Figure 5-12. Machine Select Menu
4.
5.
Highlight 9 pins by moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key and select it by
pressing ENTER.
After select 9 pins, the display shows the following menu;
Program : J******
9 pins
VR 0 = 0
[
> (1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Setting File
DEFSTD
EURSTD
NLSP
ITALIC
RUSSIAN
Setting : ******
VR 1 = 0
VR 2 = 0
]
Figure 5-13. Setting File Menu
Rev. A
5-7
FX-2180 Service Manual
Adjustment
5.2.4 TPE Level Reset
This section describes the procedure to reset the TPE (top paper end) level.
This operation is required when the PW sensor assembly is replaced, and if
it is not performed, the printer does not recognize that the PW sensor has
been replaced, thus, limiting the ability of the new sensor to operate. This
operation can be performed only from the Setting Diskette.
9
CHECK POINT
1.
2.
3.
5.
7.
[
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Insert the Setting Diskette into Drive A of the PC and the power on.
Type GWBASIC and press ENTER to run the BASIC.
Load and run the adjustment program. First, the program displays
Machine Select Menu.
Program : J******
9 pins
VR 0 = 0
Setting : *****
VR 1 = 0
[ Printer select
> (1) 9 pins
(2) 24 pins
]
VR 2 = 0
Program : J******
9 pins
VR 0 = 0
[
> (1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Setting File
DEFSTD
EURSTD
NLSP
ITALIC
RUSSIAN
Setting : ******
VR 1 = 0
VR 2 = 0
]
Setting : *****
VR 1 = 0
Main MENU ]
Bi-d Adjust
FF paper
A3 Cut sheet
A4 1P Cut sheet
A4 6P Cut sheet
VR 2 = 0
(6) Envelope
(7) ---- N/A ---> (8) -- SUB MENU
Figure 5-17. Main Menu
8.
9.
Highlight 9 pins by moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key and select it by
pressing ENTER.
After select 9 pins, the display shows the following menu;
In the menu, highlight the factory settings for the printer’s destination by
moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key, and select the destination factory
settings by pressing ENTER referring the Table 5-3.
After select the each factory setting, the display shows the main menu
as following;
Program : J******
9 pins
VR 0 = 0
After this operation, the reset value for the TPE
LEVEL is printed out automatically. Check that the
reset value is FF.
Figure 5-15. Machine Select Menu
4.
6.
In the menu, highlight SUB MENU by moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key,
and select it by pressing ENTER.
After select the sub menu, the display shows the SUB MENU as
following;
Program : J******
9 pins
VR 0 = 0
[
(1)
(2)
>(3)
(4)
(5)
Setting : *****
VR 1 = 0
Sub MENU ]
Memory SW Print
EEPROM Reset
TPE Adjust
Pitch 1P
Pitch 20P
VR 2 = 0
(6) EEPROM Print
(7) -- EXIT
Figure 5-18. Sub Menu
Figure 5-16. Setting File Menu
Rev. A
5-8
FX-2180 Service Manual
10. In the menu, highlight TPE Adjust by moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓
key, and select it by pressing ENTER.
11. Set an A4 size sheet in the portrait direction from the rear paper guide
on the printer. Then the TPE check pattern and the current TPE
position value is printed on it as shown below;
12. Measure the top of form position (TOF) at “0” level line as following
figure, and check it within 8.5 ± 0.5 mm or not.
Adjustment
9CHECK POINT
The adjusted value is not stored in the EEPROM
until the printer power off, so you must once
power off and on the printer after adjustment.
TOF
-9
-6
-3
0
3
6
9
TPE Pos. = 00,
Figure 5-19. TOF Measurement
After printer prints out the pattern, the display shows as following;
< TPE adjustment >
TPE Pos. = 0
Exit
Print
Value
[ESC] [SPACE] [
(0-9)]
Write
[RET]
Default
[HOME]
Figure 5-20. TPE Adjust Menu
13. In the menu, change the value by moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key If
TOF is not within the specification, and transmit it to the printer by
pressing ENTER.
14. To exit the program, press ESC until the display returns to the DOS
prompt.
Rev. A
5-9
&+$37(5
MAINTENANCE
FX-2180 Service Manual
Maintenance
Table 6-2. Lubrication Points
6.1 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
Preventive maintenance includes regular cleaning of the exterior case using
denatured alcohol, as well as occasional vacuuming of the mechanism
interior to remove dust and paper debris. After cleaning the unit, check that
it is adequately lubricated, as described in Section 6.2, below. Before
returning the printer to the customer, inspect springs, paper-feed rollers and
basic operation.
WARNING Disconnect the printer from the external AC power
source before maintenance.
CAUTION Do not use thinner, trichloroethylene, or ketonebased solvents on the plastic components of the
printer.
6.2 APPLYING LUBRICATION
EPSON recommends the printer be lubricated at the points illustrated in
Figure 6-1. Table 6-1 lists each point along with its recommended lubricants
are EPSON G-26 and O-2, which have been tested extensively and found to
comply with the needs of this printer. (Table 6-1 provides details about these
lubrications.) Before applying a lubricant, be sure the surface to be
lubricated is clean. Do not apply too much, as this may damage nearly parts.
Table 6-1. Lubricants
Type
Grease
Oil
Rev. A
Name
G-26
O-2
Quantity
40g
40cc
Availability
EPSON
EPSON
Part No.
B702600001
B710200001
Ref. No.
1
Lubrication Points
Cam surface on spur gear
(34.5mm)
The platen gap adjustment
slots on the right frame.
Quantity
Lubricant
2mm width,
G-26
halfway
2
2mm width,
G-26
from the top
rd
slot to the 3
from the bottom
3
The shaft end of drive roller
About ½ the
G-26
assembly and the cutout
size of a grain
section on the left frame.
of rice
4
Oil pad
half of the pad
O-2
5
RD planetary shaft and
About ½ the
G-26
planetary lever leaf spring
size of a grain
of rice
6
RD housing
About ½ the
G-26
size of a grain
• Side of shafts :
3 points
of rice
• Inside hole :
1 point
7
RD assembly
About ½ the
G-26
• Gear teeth :
5 points size of a grain
of rice
8
The side of shaft in RD
About the size
G-26
Ratchet
of a grain of
rice
9
10 contact points of Paper
About the size
G-26
Guide and Release Shaft
of a grain of
rice
Note : Lubrication must be applied during the re-assembly process.
For lubrication points, refer to the following figures;
6-1
FX-2180 Service Manual
Maintenance
5
Spur Gear 34.5
5
Gap Adjustment Lever
1
7
2
7
7
7
1
7
Spur Gear 34.5
Platen Gap Adjustment Slot
6
6
6
4
4
RD Ratchet
9
8
9
3
Figure 6-1. Lubrication points - 1
Rear Frame
Figure 6-2. Lubrication points - 2
Rev. A
6-2
&+$37(5
APPENDIX
FX-2180 Service Manual
Appendix
Table 7-1. Connector Summary
7.1 CONNECTOR SUMMARY
The following figure shows the connector connections of main components.
And, the following table shows the summary of function s and sizes of the
connectors.
Board
Main Board
Assy.
CN2
CN3
CN4
CN5
CN6
CN7
CN8
CN9
CN10
CN11
CN12
CN13
CN14
CN15
Printer Mechanism
PF Motor
CR Motor
PG Detector
C166 PSB / PSE,
C244 PSH Board Assy.,
Release Lever Position Detector
Connector
CN1
Rear PE Detector
Front PE Detector
HP Detector
Function
Parallel Interface
TYPE-B Interface
Power Supply Board
HP Sensor
Rear PE Sensor
Front PE Sensor
TOP Sensor
Printhead
Printhead
PF Motor
CR Motor
Release Lever Position Sensor
PG Sensor
CSF Bin 1
PNL Board
Pins
36
36
10
3
3
2
4
18
16
4
5
4
4
10
22
TOP Detector
Printhead
Table 7-2. Connector Pin Alignments - CN3
Case Open Detector
CN2
PNL Board Assy.
CN1
CN15
CN8
CN9
CN7
CN4
CN6
CN5
CN12
CSF
Bin 1
CN14
C244 MAIN Board Assy.
CN13
CN11
CN10
CN3
Host
Computer
CN1
Parallel I/F
CN2
Option I/F
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
I/O


I
I


I
I
I
O
Signal Name
GP
GP
+35V
+35V
GND
GND
+5V
+5V
PWDN
PSC
Function


+35VDC
+35VDC
Signal Ground
Signal Ground
+5VDC
+5VDC
Power Down detection signal
Power switch on/off signal
Figure 7-1. Main Components Connections
Rev. A
7-1
FX-2180 Service Manual
Appendix
Table 7-7. Connector Pin Alignments - CN8
Table 7-3. Connector Pin Alignments - CN4
Pin
1
2
3
I/O
I


Signal Name
HP
GND
+5V
Function
CR Home position signal
Signal Ground
+5VDC
Table 7-4. Connector Pin Alignments - CN5
Pin
1
2
3
I/O

I

Signal Name
+5V
PE
GND
Function
+5VDC
Rear paper end signal
Signal Ground
Table 7-5. Connector Pin Alignments - CN6
Pin
1
2
I/O

I
Signal Name
PE
GND
Function
Front paper end signal
Signal Ground
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
I/O

O
O
O
O


O

O



O
O
I


Signal Name
NC
HD1
HD9
HD13
HD7
+35V
NC
HD18
+35V
HD12
+35V
+35V
NC
HD6
HD10
HTMP
+5V
NC
Function
Not connected
Head data 1
Head data 9
Head data 13
Head data 7
+35VDC
Not connected
Head data 18
+35VDC
Head data 12
+35VDC
+35VDC
Not connected
Head data 6
Head data 10
Head temperature signal
+5VDC
Not connected
Table 7-6. Connector Pin Alignments - CN7
Pin
1
2
3
4
Rev. A
I/O
I



Signal Name
E
GND
+5V
A
Function
TOP sensor signal
Signal Ground
+5VDC
+5VDC
7-2
FX-2180 Service Manual
Appendix
Table 7-11. Connector Pin Alignments - CN12
Table 7-8. Connector Pin Alignments - CN9
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
I/O
O

O

O

O
O
O

O


O
O
O
Signal Name
HD3
NC
HD15
+35V
HD2
+35V
HD5
HD16
HD11
+35V
HD17
+35V
NC
HD 14
HD4
HD8
Function
Head data 3
Not connected
Head data 15
+35VDC
Head data 2
+35VDC
Head data 5
Head data 16
Head data 11
+35VDC
Head data 17
+35VDC
Not connected
Head data 14
Head data 4
Head data 8
Table 7-9. Connector Pin Alignments - CN10
Pin
1
2
3
4
I/O
O
O
O
O
Signal Name
PF A
PF B
PF-A
PF-B
Function
PF motor phase A signal
PF motor phase B signal
PF motor phase /A signal
PF motor phase /B signal
Pin
1
2
3
4
I/O
I

I

Signal Name
RELEASE1
GND
RELEASE2
GND
Function
Release sensor 1 signal
Signal Ground
Release sensor 2 signal
Signal Ground
Table 7-12. Connector Pin Alignments - CN13
Pin
1
2
3
4
I/O
I

I

Signal Name
PG1
GND
PG2
GND
Function
Platen gap sensor 1 signal
Signal Ground
Platen gap sensor 2 signal
Signal Ground
Table 7-13. Connector Pin Alignments - CN14
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
I/O
O
O
O
O
O





Signal Name
A
B
-A
-B
HOLD
+5V
GND
GND
+35V
+35V
Function
CSF motor phase A signal
CSF motor phase B signal
CSF motor phase /A signal
CSF motor phase /B signal
CSF motor hold signal
+5VDC
Signal Ground
Signal Ground
+35VDC
+35VDC
Table 7-10. Connector Pin Alignments - CN11
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
Rev. A
I/O
O
O
O
O

Signal Name
PF A
PF-A
PF B
PF-B
CR COM
Function
CR motor phase A signal
CR motor phase /A signal
CR motor phase B signal
CR motor phase /B signal
CR motor common
7-3
FX-2180 Service Manual
Appendix
Table 7-14. Connector Pin Alignments - CN15
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
Rev. A
I/O
I
O

O
O
I
O
O
O
O

O
O


I
I
I
I
I
I

Signal Name
COPEN
PAUSE
+5V
POUTL
RESRVL
PAUSSW
TMIN2L
TMIN1L
PITC1L
PITC2L
FONT3L
FONT2L
FONT1L
GND
GND
FONTSW
PITCSW
TBINSW
PSC
LDEJSW
LFFFSW
FG
Function
Case open sensor signal
Pause LED signal
+5VDC
Paper out LED signal
Pitch select LED signal
Pause button signal
Tear off / bin select signal
Tear off / bin select signal
Pitch select LED
Pitch select LED
Not connected
FONT LED signal
FONT LED signal
Signal ground
Signal ground
Font button signal
Pitch button signal
Tear off / bin signal
Operate button signal
Load / Eject button signal
LF / FF button signal
Frame ground
7-4
FX-2180 Service Manual
Appendix
7.2 CIRCUIT BOARD COMPONENT LAYOUT
Figure 7-2. C244 MAIN Board Assembly Component Layout (1)
Rev. A
Figure 7-3. . C244 MAIN Board Assembly Component Layout (2)
7-5
FX-2180 Service Manual
Figure 7-4. C166 PSB Board Assembly Component Layout
Rev. A
Appendix
Figure 7-5. C166 PSE Board Assembly Component Layout
7-6
FX-2180 Service Manual
Appendix
7.3 EXPLODED DIAGRAMS
See the following 3 pages for the exploded diagrams for FX-2180.
Rev. A
7-7
541
103
632
555
121
129
126
106
121
126
121
104
126
500
102
120
450
130
126
124
128
330
128
111
643
128
116
115
380
118
125
122
113 127
114
124
119
127
127
133
110
100
300 127
127
127
127
137
127
117
400
105
621
101
122
200
107
400
123
122
401
112
109
112
EXPLODED DIAGRAM FOR FX-2180(1)
529
599
626 620
639
636
531
528
607
606
573
533
527
636
631
638
524
592
532
636
583
502
577
610
644
538
534
570
650
588
634
638
565
536
523
589
581
604
635
614
535
578
575
592
522
525
585
643
617
535
530
569
526
584
572
597
637
594
608
586
643
501
567
592
574
598
601
630
602
637 595
590
593
635
568
571
576
605
539
636
521
603
615
108
601
592
637
595
596
582
641
566
579
591
580
643
524
511
611
600
613
503
552
504
636
611
587
636
609
631
524
EXPLODED DIAGRAM FOR FX-2180(2)
640
639
612
638
558
557
564
548
551
629
642
629
642
628
629
627 560
642
628
629
627 560
642
628
627 560
642
628
627 560
628
545
627 560
546
542
633
551
546
624
542
559
639 561
629
633
638
556
562
544
633
550
543
544
547 549
545
551
633
550
543
547
EXPLODED DIAGRAM FOR FX-2180(3)
551
625
FX-2180 Service Manual
Appendix
7.4 CIRCUIT BOARD DIAGRAMS
See the following pages for the circuit diagrams below:
•
•
•
•
C244 MAIN
C166 PSB
C166 PSE
C244 PSH
Rev. A
7-11
D86
R82
2K
1SS120
R59
4.75K 1%
R58
1
D3SBA60
4
200K
C59
DB1
3
T1
PT-75
10ohm/25C
TH1
2
R18
150K/0.5W
820u/200V
8
R91
D52
ERB43-02
1
13
14
7
12
2.4K
C3
C4
4700p
4700p
4.7K
R12
0.39/2W
K1725
Q31
F
D2
ERA82-004
R19
20K
R31
10K
C56
33u/16V
C81
2200p
R32
20K
C31
2200p
R67 3K
11
C13
4700p
F
C4408
Q2
R15
R11
620
10
D51
D1
ERA83-006
R14
510
IC1
3
5
TL431CLP
R13
4.7K
C51
4
1
2
C12
220u
35V
9
R88
1
R61
300
D55
ERB83-004
R51
470/2W
+D
G
I I F T CRNC
1 1 BCT T D1
12345678
C54
1000u
R64
2.4K
R65
20K
R63
3.6K
C58
0.01u
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
F5KQ100
Q3
A1015
R16
270
R53
1
*
3
120
FG
C52
2200u/50VX2
ZD51
HZS6A-2
ZD81
HZS6A-2
ZD82
HZS6A-2
ZD83
HZS6A-2
ZD84
HZS6A-2
ZD85
HZS6A-2
DTA113ZSA
0.01u
C82
Q81
ZD86
HZS7B-2
R70
10K
D85
1SS120
X2
R71
Q53
A1015
D84
1.5K
R72
6.2K
ZD52
HZS22-1L
ZD87
HZS22-1L
10
9
R89
1.2K
D82
R73 1SS120
1.2K
R90
1.2K
DTC123ESA
Q55
4
8
1
3
ELF-18D450D
C1
Q32
DTC124GSA
0.22u
PC1
1
7
6
2
3
5
4
TLP521-2
R57
270
150
D81
1SS120
1
2
R74
10K
R75
2.7K
Q54
C1815
R68
10K
D83
1SS120
Q82
DTA113ZSA
R69
1.5K
1M/0.5W
5
R85
20K
2
L
R86
270K
R83
51K
1
6
R84
20K
N
R87
3.6K
8
7
4 IC52B
NJM2903D
CN1
B2P3-VH
* : Heat sink (Q1,D51)
: CN3 is not mounted.
GP
PSC
PWDN
HZS7B-2
ZD53
R1
F1
3.15A/125V
GL
+35V/1.0A
CN2
RB93-F4-907
470u/6.3V
C57
L1
+5V/0.7A
6
R56
2
ZD54
HZS6A-2
R66
200K
* Q1
K2126
R29
1.2M
0.5W C14
2200p
R22
1.2M
0.5W
R20
R21
C2
F
Q51
A1680
1111111
65432109
+ - R OV CE E
I I OC C 2 2 1
22
C
1500p/1.2kV
C15
FG
0.1u
R55
20K
L51
HCD-6471HS
ZD55
HZS6A-1L
IC51
TL494CN
R54
2K
C55
0.1u
C11
C8
2200p
R81
84.5K
1%
330p
15
R60
4.7K
FG
Model : FX-2180
Board : C166PSB BOARD
Sheet : 1 of 1
Rev. : B
Fan
CN3
00 8263 0212 00 000
D 8 6
R 8 2
2 K
1 S S 1 2 0
R 5 8
1
2 0 0 K
C 5 9
D B 1
D 2 S B A 6 0
3
T 1
4
1 0 o h m /2 5 C
2
R 3 3
1 8 0 u /4 0 0 V
Z D 3 1
R 3 4
C 1 1
R 2 8
1 5 0 K /0 .5 W
1 3
C 8
2 2 0 0 p
R 2 2
1 .1 M
0 .5 W
R 2 0
2 .4 K
C 3
C 4
2 2 0 0 p
R 2 1
R 1 2
0 .6 2 /2 W
F G
K 1 7 2 5
Q 3 1
F
D 2
E R A 8 2 -0 0 4
4 .7 K
R 5 5
2 0 K
C 5 5
0 .1 u
F
7
R 1 1
1 K
C 5 6
3 3 u /1 6 V
H Z S 6 A -2
C 8 1
2 2 0 0 p
R 1 9
2 0 K
R 3 2
2 0 K
C 3 1
2 2 0 0 p
R 6 7
1 0
1 1
6 5
+ - R
I I O
2 2
1 1 1
4 3 2
O V
C C
C
+ -
C 4 4 0 8
Q 2
R 1 5
3
Q 3
A 1 0 1 5
1 2 0
R 1 4
5 1 0
IC 1
3
D 1
7 8
2
1
C 1 2
2 2 0 u
3 5 V
9
R 6 4
2 .4 K
R 6 5
2 0 K
R 6 3
3 .6 K
C 5 8
0 .0 1 u
3 K
7
C 5 2
2 2 0 0 u /5 0 V
R 5 7
2 7 0
P C 1
4
8
7
2
5
4
1
X 2
Z D
H Z
Z D
H Z
Z D
H Z
Z D
H Z
Z D
H Z
Z D
H Z
5 1
S 6 A
8 1
S 6 A
8 2
S 6 A
8 3
S 6 A
8 4
S 6 A
8 5
S 6 A
-2
-2
R 7 0
1 0 K
-2
-2
-2
-2
D T A 1 1 3 Z S A
0 .0 1 u
C 8 2
Q 8 1
Z D 8 6
H Z S 7 B -2
D 8 4
D 8 5
1 S S 1 2 0
X 2
Q 5 3
A 1 0 1 5
R 7 1
1 .5 K
R 7 2
6 .2 K
R 7 3
1 .2 K
R 8 9
1 .2 K
D 8 2
1 S S 1 2 0
Q 3 2
D T C 1 2 4 G S A
1 5 0
D 8 1
2
Z D
H Z
Z D
H Z
5 2
S 2 2 -1 L
8 7
S 2 2 -1 L
3
P S 2 5 6 1 L 1 -2 -V
P S C
P W D N
1 S S 1 2 0
2
R 6 8
1 0 K
D 8 3
1 S S 1 2 0
Q 8 2
D T A 1 1 3 Z S A
R 6 9
1 .5 K
R 8 6
2 7 0 K
R 8 3
5 1 K
F 1
T 2 .0 A H /2 5 0 V
2
8
5
R 8 5
2 0 K
7
6
4
R 8 4
2 0 K
N
C N 1
B 2 P 3 -V H
1 0
9
1
1 M /0 .5 W
L
G P
H Z S 7 B -2
Z D 5 3
R 1
1
1
C N 2
R B 9 3 -F 4 -9 0 7
R 9 0
1 .2 K
D T C 1 2 3 E S A
Q 5 5
R 7 4
1 0 K
R 7 5
2 .7 K
Q 5 4
C 1 8 1 5
6
0 .4 7 u
+ 3 5 V /1 .0 A
3
6
L 1
C 1
G L
4
F 5 K Q 1 0 0
4 7 0 u /6 .3 V
C 5 7
1
3
S S 2 4 H -0 8 1 5 0
+ 5 V /0 .7 A
8
5
C 5 1
4
R 5 1
4 7 0 /2 W
N C
C 5 4
1 0 0 0 u
D 5 5
E R B 8 3 -0 0 4
6
5
R 1 3
4 .7 K
R 1 6
2 7 0
T L 4 3 1 C L P
D 5 1
D 1
E R A 8 3 -0 0 6
3 0 0
G
R 5 3
1
R 8 8
1
R 6 1
1 1
1 0 9
C E E
2 2 1
D
I I F T C R
1 1 B C T T
1 2 3 4 5 6
L 5 1
H C D -6 4 7 1 H S
Q 5 1
A 1 6 8 0
*
R 5 6
2
Z D 5 4
1 1
C 1 3
4 7 0 0 p
F
C 1 4
2 2 0 0 p
2 K
Z D 5 5
H Z S 6 A -1 L
R 6 6
2 0 0 K
R 3 1
1 0 K
* Q 1
K 2 1 3 0
R 2 9
1 .1 M
0 .5 W
IC 5 1
T L 4 9 4
R 5 4
R 1 8
1 5 0 K /0 .5 W
7 5 0 p /1 .5 k V
C 1 5
F G
2 2 0 0 p
1
1 2
T H 2
C 2
D 5 2
E R B 4 3 -0 2
1 4
1 0 o h m /2 5 C
0 .1 u
8
R 9 1
1 5
T H 1
R 8 1
8 4 .5 K
1 %
3 3 0 p
P T -7 6
R 6 0
4 .7 K
R 5 9
4 .7 5 K 1 %
R 8 7
3 .6 K
IC 5 2 B
N J M 2 9 0 3 D
* : H e a t s in k ( Q 1 , D 5 1 )
: C N 3 ,Z D 3 1 ,R 3 3 a n d R 3 4 a re n o t m o u n te d .
F G
M o
B o
S h
R e
d e l
a rd
e e t
v .
: F X -2 1 8 0
: C 1 6 6 P S E B O A R D
: 1 o f 1
: B
F a n
C N 3
0 0 8 2 6 3 0 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0
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