DayStar Digital | Genesis MP | Instruction manual | DayStar Digital Genesis MP Instruction manual

Genesis MP
Service Guide
DayStar Digital, Inc.
Technical Support Department
5556 Atlanta Highway
Flowery Branch, GA 30542
770-967-2077 fax: 770-967-3018
http://daystar.com/
Notices
The information contained in this maintenance and service guide is subject to change without notice.
DayStar Digital, Inc. shall not be held liable for technical or editorial
errors or omissions; nor for incidental or consequential damages
resulting from the performance or usage of this manual.
This manual is protected by copyright. No part of this manual may be
photocopied, reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted
in any form (i.e., mechanically, electronically, or otherwise) without
prior written consent from DayStar Digital, Inc.
No licenses, expressed or implied, are granted with regard to any of
the technology documented in this Service and Maintenance Guide.
Copyright © 1996, DayStar Digital, Inc.
All rights reserved, Printed in the USA.
Genesis MP™ is a trademark of DayStar Digital, Inc.
Genesis MP System Utilities is a trademark of DayStar Digital, Inc.
PowerFrax is a freeware product of DayStar Digital, Inc.
nPOWER is a trademark of DayStar Digital, Inc.
Apple, LocalTalk, and Macintosh are all trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.
AppleCD, Disk First Aid, GeoPort, Mac, are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.
Microsoft and MS-DOS are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
FCC Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class
A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when
the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is
likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to
correct the interference at his own expense.
∆
IMPORTANT:
!
Changes or modifications to this product not authorized by DayStar Digital, Inc., could
void the FCC Certification and negate your own authority to operate the product.
This product was tested for FCC compliance under conditions that included the
use of DayStar peripheral devices and DayStar shielded cables and connectors
between system components. It is important that you use FCC compliant
peripheral devices and shielded cables and connectors between system components to reduce the possibility of causing interference to radios, television sets,
and other electronic devices. You can obtain DayStar peripheral devices and the
proper shielded cables and connectors through a DayStar-authorized dealer.
For non-DayStar peripheral devices, contact the manufacturer or dealer for
assistance.
2◆
Notices
Genesis MP
Preface
About Genesis MP
The Media-Publishing Workstation for the Next Century
The machine you have before you is the new standard in the computer industry—the DayStar Genesis MP. Now Macintosh users
can have the speed they associate with expensive, high-end workstations—but at a reasonable price.
Genesis MP is the fastest Mac OS based system available—the
first Mac OS based computer with speed built-in. Using its expertise in multiprocessing, DayStar created Genesis MP with internal
multiprocessing hardware and software. Adopted by Apple,
DayStar’s nPOWER multiprocessing extensions to the Mac OS
are now the official standard for multiprocessing on the Mac.
As computer software becomes more sophisticated, designers,
illustrators, video editors, animators and multimedia producers will
require a machine that’s fast enough to keep pace with their flow
of ideas. Genesis MP is a Media-Publisher’s dream come true.
First— Genesis MP begins with a fast, upgradable PCI-bus motherboard, featuring 2 SCSI busses, Ethernet, 16-bit stereo sound
and room for ample memory expansion.
Then— DayStar adds its nPOWER scalable multiprocessing technology, a fast tray-loading CD-ROM drive and a solidly-built tower
case with 10 drive bays, 350 watt power supply and three large
cooling fans for improved system reliability.
At the heart of Genesis MP is nPOWER—DayStar’s upgradable
processor card, which features up to four PowerPC 604 processors.
Since the processors are on a card, Genesis may be upgraded as
faster and more advanced processor technology becomes available.
To allow programs to take advantage of nPOWER’s speed,
DayStar has developed an open multiprocessing API (Application
Programming Interface). The API makes it very easy for programmers to add multiprocessing support to applications. The API standard is available to all interested developers.
Apple has acquired the rights to DayStar’s nPOWER architecture.
With Apple’s commitment, nPOWER (now known as the Apple
Multiprocessing Application Programming Interface) is assured of
software support in future versions of the Macintosh operating system. Software developers that provide support for nPOWER include
Adobe, Metrowerks, Strata, Elastic Reality and many others.
Genesis MP
About Genesis MP
◆3
Conventions Used in this Guide
The following conventions are used to distinguish elements of the text
in this guide:
Keyboard names will appear in all CAPS and BOLDFACE type. For
example: HOME, TAB.
When keys must be pressed simultaneously, the action is represented
by the keyboard key name and the plus (+) symbol. For example:
<COMMAND> + <OPTION> + <P> + <R>.
The filenames are presented in UPPERCASE, ITALIC type. For example: FILENAME.
When referring to the closed Genesis MP unit, the words top, bottom,
left and right refer to the unit as viewed from the front in standard
operating position.
When referring to the open Genesis MP chassis or the Genesis
MP motherboard, the words top, bottom, left and right refer to the
unit as viewed from the open side panel in standard operating
position.
The word front always refers to the front panel of the Genesis MP
(floppy disk side). The word rear always refers to the rear panel of the
Genesis MP (cable side).
∆
!
∆
!
∆
!
4◆
The following words and symbols denote special messages throughout this guide:
WARNING
TEXT SET OFF IN THIS MANNER INDICATES THAT FAILURE
TO FOLLOW DIRECTIONS PROVIDED IN THE WARNING
COULD RESULT IN BODILY HARM OR IN EXTREME CASES
EVEN LOSS OF LIFE.
CAUTION
Text set off in this manner indicates that failure to follow directions
provided in the Caution could result in damage to equipment or
even loss of information.
IMPORTANT
Text set off in this manner indicates specific instructions or clarifying information is being defined.
Text set off in this manner indicates commentary, sidelights, or interesting information
is being defined.
Preface – About Genesis MP
Genesis MP
Standard Abbreviations
The following abbreviations (units of measure) and the
corresponding terms used in this guide are defined below:
Genesis MP
A
amperes
mA
milliamperes
dB
decibels
mA
microamperes
GB
gigabytes
MB
megabytes
Hz
hertz
MHz
megahertz
in.
inches
mm
millimeters
k
1000
ms
milliseconds
K
1024
ms
microseconds
KB
kilobytes
ns
nanoseconds
kg
kilograms
Ω
ohms
kHz
kilohertz
sec.
seconds
kΩ
kilohms
V
volts
lb.
pounds
W
watts
Preface – About Genesis MP
◆5
Other Abbreviations
Other abbreviations used in this guide are defined below:
6◆
AC
alternating current
A/D
analog to digital
CD-ROM
compact-disc read-only memory
CPU
central processing unit
DC
direct current
DIMM
dual inline memory module
DMA
direct memory access
DRAM
dynamic RAM
GND
ground
IC
integrated circuit
I/O
input and output
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network
MMU
memory management unit
n.c.
no connection
NVRAM
non-volatile random-access memory
PCI
Peripheral Component Interconnect
(industry-standard expansion bus)
PRAM
parameter random-access memory
PROM
programmable read-only memory
RAM
random access memory
ROM
read-only memory
SCC
serial communications controller
SCSI
small computer system interface
SIMM
single inline memory module
SVGA
super video graphics adapter
VCC
positive supply voltage
VGA
video graphics adapter
VRAM
video RAM (used for display buffers)
Preface – About Genesis MP
Genesis MP
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Rules
This section covers the proper procedures for grounding and utilization of recommended equipment and materials for preventive damage
from Electrostatic Discharge (ESD).
Static electricity can be discharged from one’s self or by a conductor
thereby destroying static-sensitive devices or micro-circuitry. Often,
static discharge may not be detected by sight, touch, or sound,
although damage occurs. Electronic devices exposed to ESD may not
be affected at all and will continue to function properly. Or, this
device(s) may function properly for awhile, then gradually degrade
internally, thus reducing the life of the device(s).
When handling a device consider the following ways static electricity
can be emitted, thereby producing various levels of electrostatic voltage levels:
• Working in extreme low humidity
• Walking across carpet with device
• Walking across a vinyl floor
• Body motion within an unprotected ESD work area
• Removing device(s) from plastic packaging
• Removing device(s) from vinyl packaging
• Removing device(s) from Styrofoam packaging
• Removing device(s) from bubble-wrap packaging
∆
!
Genesis MP
• Packing or Unpacking device(s) wrapped in foam
CAUTION
The Genesis MP uses electronic components that are sensitive to
static electricity. Use care when handling and installing these components to prevent damage which can be caused by static currents. Always work in an area of low static electricity on a grounded surface to prevent static discharge.
Preface – About Genesis MP
◆7
ESD SAFE WORK AREA
∆
!
IMPORTANT
Many electronic devices are ESD sensitive. Be sure to take the following precautions when handling an electronic device:
• When seated, always wear an Anti-static Wrist Strap
• When standing, wear footstraps on a grounded floor mat
• Never attempt installation on a carpeted floor
• Never wear leather shoes (rubber soles are recommended)
• Never attempt installation in an overly dry environment
• Never wear silk or polyester clothing during an installation
• Always remove all jewelry (i.e., rings, bracelets, watches, etc.)
• Always transport electronic devices in static-safe containers:
(i.e., tubes, bags, boxes)
• Always protect parts and assemblies with conductive ESD
approved containers and/or packaging
• Always remove electronic devices in a grounded work area
• Always use field service tools (i.e., screwdrivers, snips, vacuums) that are conductive.
Genesis MP is Shipped Complete with an Anti-Static Wrist Strap
The Anti-static Wrist Strap shipped with the Genesis MP is a one-use
disposable safety strap intended for the customer’s use. If you do not
have a re-usable Anti-static Wrist Strap, be sure to purchase one for
each employee that will be handling, installing, servicing, and/or maintaining equipment.
Grounding Using The Anti-static Wrist Strap
These straps hold a minimum of 1 megaohm resistance. To ensure
proper grounding, this strap must be worn in direct contact with the
skin.
Grounding Using A Grounding Mat
This mat should be used when standing in an electro-static area and
when handling electronic devices. Alligator clips may be substituted
for banana-plug connectors connected to a wrist strap.
Grounding Using Heelstraps/Toestraps/Bootstraps
These straps can be used when standing. These straps may be substituted for most shoes or boots. The conductive strips must be worn
in direct contact with the skin to be effective.
8◆
Preface – About Genesis MP
Genesis MP
PREVENTING DAMAGE TO DISK DRIVES
To prevent ESD and physical shock damage to floppy diskette
drive and/or hard disk drive(s), ensure the following safety precautions:
• Always utilize anti-static techniques when handling drives
• Always re-package drives in their original shipping packaging
• Never drop a drive onto any surface (hard/or soft)
• Shield work surface with a minimum of 1-inch shock-proof foam
• Always place drives “assembly-side-down” on shock-proof foam
CD-ROM Drive
∆
!
∆
!
Genesis MP
CAUTION
Making adjustments or performing procedures other than those
specified in your equipment’s manual may result in hazardous
exposure.
CAUTION
Do not attempt to disassemble the cabinet containing the laser.
The laser beam used in this product is harmful to the eyes. The
use of optical instruments, such as magnifying lenses, with this
product increases the potential hazard to your eyes. For your safety, have this equipment serviced only by a DayStar-authorized service provider.
If you have an internal DayStar CD-ROM drive in your Genesis
MP, your computer is a Class 1 laser product. The Class 1 label,
located in a user-accessible area, indicates that the drive meets
minimum safety requirements. A service warning label is located in
a service-accessible area.
Preface – About Genesis MP
◆9
Lithium Battery
∆
!
Genesis MP uses a lithium battery to store users’ preferences and
time and date information while the unit is not turned on.
CAUTION
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only
with the same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacturer’s
instructions.
Lithium batteries cannot be recharged, therefore require disposal
when exhausted. In addition to its explosive potential, lithium is
water-reactive. Genesis MP’s lithium battery must be disposed of
as hazardous waste, therefore, DayStar Digital, Inc. recommends
the following battery disposal procedure:
After removing the exhausted lithium battery from the motherboard, place the battery into a zip-lock wrapper and packaging
provided with the replacement battery. Mark the zip-lock wrapper
DEAD and return it to DayStar Digital, Inc, where it will be disposed of according to EPA guidelines.
∆
!
Disposal of a used battery should be handled in accordance with
county, state, province, or local battery disposal regulations.
WARNING
NEVER ATTEMPT TO OPEN OR SERVICE A USED BATTERY.
OPENING A BATTERY CAN DAMAGE THE BATTERY AND
EXPOSES POTENTIALLY HARMFUL AND HAZARDOUS COMPONENTS INTO THE ENVIRONMENT.
THERE ARE NO SERVICEABLE PARTS LOCATED INSIDE THE
BATTERY.
More Information about Genesis MP. . .
The following documentation is available to support the Genesis MP:
Genesis MP User Guide
Genesis MP Service Guide
Genesis MP Conversion Guide
Appendix A - External Connections
Appendix B - Internal Connections
Appendix C - Voltage Readings
White Paper: Multiprocessing on the Macintosh
Genesis MP Product Brochure
10 ◆ Preface – About Genesis MP
Genesis MP
Chapter 1
Genesis MP Product Overview
This chapter provides an overview of DayStar Digital’s Genesis
MP and covers the following topics:
Serial Number
Genesis MP Configurations
External Components of Genesis MP
Internal Components of Genesis MP
AC Power
Functional Descriptions
Serial Number
Genesis MP's serial number should be provided to DayStar Digital,
Inc. whenever requesting information or ordering spare parts. The
serial number can be located on the rear I/O panel. Ensure you
have this serial number available.
Serial Number
Genesis MP
Genesis MP Product Overview
◆ 11
Genesis MP Configurations
The Genesis MP comes in several configurations, allowing flexibility to meet any production need. Genesis MP configurations are
distinguished by the number of PCI slots (initial models have three
or six slots), and the aggregate clock speed of the processors on
the nPOWER processor card (for example, the Genesis MP 528
has 4-132 MHz processors; 4 x 132 = 528).
DIMM sockets provide for RAM expansion, and with PCI expansion card slots, users can create their own “ultimate workstation”
using the latest technology such as SCSI-3, Fast Ethernet, even
professional quality audio/video capability.
The number of PCI slots, number of DIMM expansion slots/maximum RAM expansion, processor speed, storage configuration and
other features vary by unit. Consult the Genesis MP User Guide
for information on specific features.
Important Internal Components of the Genesis MP
This photograph lists all the major internal components and features of the Genesis MP. Use this graphic to help familiarize yourself with the machine.
Component
CD-ROM Drive
5.25˝ Internal Bay
1.4 MB Floppy Drive
3.5˝ Internal Drive Bays
Power Supply
DIMM Sockets
Internal Cooling Fans
Secondary Cache
nPOWER Card Connector
PCI Expansion Slots
nPOWER Quad 604 Board
12 ◆ Chapter 1 – Genesis MP Product Overview
Genesis MP
AC Power
Genesis MP provides power through the AC input power receptacle
and a switched power convenience receptacle for monitor connection.
Connecting AC Power to Genesis MP
∆
!
∆
!
Genesis MP
WARNING
ALWAYS DISCONNECT POWER FROM GENESIS MP PRIOR
TO PERFORMING ANY MAINTENANCE AND/OR SERVICE.
FAILURE TO DISCONNECT POWER TO THIS PRODUCT MAY
CAUSE LOSS OF LIFE.
CAUTION
Maximum current is 3 amps. Refer to the monitor’s service manual
to determine its current requirements.
Chapter 1 – Genesis MP Product Overview
◆ 13
Functional Descriptions
This section covers functional descriptions of key parts and features of the Genesis MP. For Removal and Replacement
Procedures, refer to Chapter 4 of this guide.
SCSI Interface
Genesis MP has two SCSI interfaces: the internal Fast SCSI-2
interface, and the internal/external standard SCSI interface. The
internal Fast SCSI-2 interface drives the internal hard disk and
CD-ROM.
The internal Fast SCSI-2 bus supports transfer rates up to 10
MB/sec. The internal/external SCSI bus supports transfer rates up
to 5 MB/sec.
The motherboard end of the internal SCSI bus is terminated by a
110 W passive terminator. This terminator is located on the main
logic board near the portion of the internal chassis connector that
contains the internal/external SCSI signals.
Termination of the drive end of the internal SCSI bus is accomplished by installing the internal drive at the last connector on the
internal SCSI cable, and enabling termination on that drive.
Hard Drives
DayStar currently provides several different drive configurations for
Genesis MP. These include single drive systems operating on the
motherboard SCSI interface, and multiple drive Fast and Wide
arrays using a high-performance PCI SCSI controller.
Additionally, users may install any kind of drive controller available
on the PCI bus (SCSI-3, FiberChannel, SSA). It is also possible to
configure a “software-only” disk array using the Fast SCSI-2 motherboard interface.
For installation instructions refer to Chapter 3 of the Genesis MP
User Guide.
CD-ROM Drive
Genesis MP has a CD-ROM drive that supports worldwide standards and specifications for CD-ROM and CD-digital audio disks.
This tray-loading CD-ROM drive is located in the top 5.25˝ removable media bay.
14 ◆ Chapter 1 – Genesis MP Product Overview
Genesis MP
Floppy Drive
Genesis MP has one internal high-density floppy disk drive. The
drive is connected to a 20-pin connector. The floppy drive will read
and write Mac-formatted 800K and 1.44 MB and PC-formatted
720K and 1.44 MB floppies (to read and write PC-formatted disks,
be sure the PC Exchange control panel is enabled.
PCI Slots
The 3 or 6 PCI slots allow for a broad range of expansion cards.
Performance Tips:
In the 6 slot Genesis MP, the six PCI slots are grouped into two
groups of three each. Because the circuitry linking the top three
PCI slots is also used for other motherboard I/O, most expansion
cards perform slightly faster when installed in one of the bottom
three PCI slots.
If you are installing a SCSI array with two PCI cards, you can typically increase performance by installing one card in one of the top
three PCI slots and the second card in one of the bottom three
PCI slots.
Genesis MP
Chapter 1 – Genesis MP Product Overview
◆ 15
Memory
Genesis MP does not have any main memory soldered to the logic
board. At least one RAM DIMM must be present for the computer
to operate.
Genesis MP uses 168-pin Dual-Inline Memory Modules (DIMMs).
DIMMs provide the widest possible data path to the processor, for
maximum speed. Up to 8 or 12 DIMMs may be installed in
Genesis MP, depending on the model. The table below shows
maximum memory sizes by DIMM size. You can mix and match
different DIMM sizes on one Genesis MP.
For complete instructions on installing DIMMs in Genesis MP, see
Chapter 3 of the Genesis MP User Guide: “Connecting Additional
Peripherals”.
DIMM
Size
Maximum Memory with:
8 DIMMs
12 DIMMs
4 MB
32 MB
48 MB
8 MB
64 MB
96 MB
16 MB
128 MB
192 MB
32 MB
256 MB
384 MB
64 MB
512 MB
768 MB
128 MB
1024 MB
1536 MB
Genesis MP maximum
memory configurations
Interleaving
For maximum performance, DayStar Digital, Inc. recommends
memory interleaving. DIMMs can be installed one or more at a
time. When the startup software detects two DIMMs that are the
same size and installed in corresponding slots, it configures them
as a single 128-bit data bus for increased performance. For 128bit bus operation, both DIMMs in the pair also have to have the
same address mode.
To enable interleaving, install DIMMs in identical pairs. DIMM connectors are organized into two banks: Bank A and Bank B. When
installing a pair of DIMMs for interleaving, install one DIMM in
Bank A, and its identical mate in the corresponding slot in Bank B.
For example, if you install a 16 MB DIMM in slot A3, install an
identical 16 MB DIMM in slot B3 to make sure the new memory is
interleaved.
16 ◆ Chapter 1 – Genesis MP Product Overview
Genesis MP
Chapter 2
Service Policies
Warranty Service Plan Terms and Conditions.
This document outlines the terms and conditions of the DayStar
warranty repair program. Additional details of the service plan are
available by contacting DayStar Digital.
This document addresses the following points:
• The Genesis MP systems warranty
• Warranty repair part numbers and costs
• Reseller reimbursement program
• Diagnosing and Ordering information
• Payment and the Return of defective parts
• Delivery Timetable
• Shipping Methods
The Genesis MP systems warranty
The Genesis MP systems come with a 1 year limited, return to
reseller, warranty. In order to receive your reimbursement, you
must return to DayStar the defective components or subsystems.
As an Elite reseller you have the opportunity to fully service your
clients needs and create greater margin opportunities.
Warranty repair part numbers, costs and ordering
Page 35 contains the list of the subsystems that are available for
performing a warranty repair.
Consult the Service Parts Price List for part numbers and the latest pricing. The Service Parts Price List is available on DayStar’s
FaxBack system at (770) 967-0921, document number 8506.
Once you have confirmed with DayStar Technical Support the subsystem that you need repaired, you may order the unit. See the
diagnosis and ordering information below.
Genesis MP
Service Policies
◆ 17
Reseller reimbursement program
DayStar’s Genesis MP warranty repair reimbursement program
allows resellers to be credited for performing a warranty repair. A
warranty repair is considered to be the complete start to finish
process to repair a DayStar Genesis system. The DayStar
Genesis MP’s design allows for straightforward replacement of
defective or damaged subsystems.
Consult the Warranty Service Program Overview for specific pricing schedules. The Warranty Service Program Overview is available on DayStar’s FaxBack system at (770) 967-0921, document
number 8505.
Diagnosing and Ordering information
Call DayStar Technical Support at (770) 967-2077 x #1. Once the
problem is diagnosed, you can order the part directly from the
technical support associate. Certain subsystems can also be
ordered and inventoried on an “as available” basis. Talk to your
technical support representative for further details and ordering
requirements.
Payment and the Return of defective parts
To ship replacement parts prior to the return of defective parts,
DayStar requires that you issue a P.O. or payment as outlined below:
1. With credit approval, Net 30-day invoicing
You are eligible to be invoiced on account by DayStar Digital if
you are currently in good standing with DayStar Digital’s credit
department.
2. Check or money order
The check must be received before the order can be sent.
Please make the check payable to DayStar Digital, Inc.
3. Credit card: American Express, MasterCard, or VISA
While you are on the phone, tech support will issue a return
authorization number (RA) for the mandatory return of the
defective part. You will also be given directions as to how to
ship the defective component back to DayStar.
Upon receipt and conformation of the returned part or subsystem, DayStar will issue a credit to your account.
18 ◆ Chapter 2 – Service Policies
Genesis MP
Delivery Timetable
Standard Delivery
In-stock merchandise will be shipped out the same day if received
by noon EST. If received after noon EST the merchandise will be
shipped out the next business day.
Shipping Methods
DayStar Digital, Inc. will pay to ship merchandise Federal Express
Economy to the reseller. Returns of defective parts should be
shipped to DayStar via Economy/2nd Day - bill recipient. If
resellers return defective parts via more expensive modes, they
will be billed the amount above the Economy/2nd Day rate.
Genesis MP
Chapter 2 – Service Policies
◆ 19
Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
Resources
Genesis MP is an advanced multiprocessing workstation. It is
probably one of the most complex pieces of equipment you will
service, but that doesn’t mean service has to be difficult.
In this chapter, we provide you with the resources to make a diagnosis and take corrective action. In Chapter 4, you’ll see how to
remove the serviceable components and replace them.
Some service issues will be software-related or software/hardware
combinations. Because Genesis MP runs Apple’s Mac OS, and
because the machine you service will contain hardware and software from other manufacturers, it’s important that you are aware of
other valuable information resources, such as the troubleshooting
chapter in the Genesis MP Users Guide and DayStar’s site on
the World Wide Web:
http://daystar.com/
On DayStar’s Web site, you’ll find the latest software updates and
technical information that will help you service Genesis MP easily.
You should also be aware of Apple Computer’s site on the Web:
http://info.apple.com/
On the Apple site, you will find a wealth of information on the Mac
OS, and the latest Mac OS system software updates.
Most other computer companies have a presence on the Internet.
These are great places to look for software updates.
If you are not sure of a company’s site name, you can use any of
the major search engines to look up references to that company one of which is sure to have a link to a corporate site. You can
even hazard a guess: http://www.companyname.com/
Genesis MP
Troubleshooting Guide
◆ 21
Flowcharts
All procedures should be used as flowcharts to help with the diagnosis of defective modules. Please use the index to start isolating
possible symptoms. If step 1 doesn’t correct the problem, go to the
next step and so forth. Once the defective component has been
isolated, please refer to the Removal and Replacement section to
remove it.
Once you have removed the defective component, refer to
Chapter 2 - Service Policies to obtain replacement parts from
DayStar.
Index of Troubleshooting Flowcharts
The CUDA Chip
Power Supply
Error Chords
The System
Display
Floppy Drive
Hard Drive
Peripherals
CD-ROM
The CUDA Chip
The definition for the CUDA Chip is as follows:
A microcontroller chip that serves as the managing circuitry for the
Apple Desktop Bus and the real-time clock. It oversees the power
on and off of the system. It maintains the parameter RAM, better
known as PRAM. It also manages and maintains information
regarding all system resets from various commands. Examples of
this are: keyboard restart, loss of power, software restart.
Location of the CUDA Chip
and reset switch
22 ◆ Chapter 3 – Troubleshooting Guide
Genesis MP
Problem Resolution
Several system problems can be resolved by resetting the CUDA
Chip. By purging the information kept by the CUDA Chip, you can
restart the system with default settings. It sends a constant signal
to the power supply. If this signal is not within the power supply or
Cuda’s specifications, the system will either shutdown or freeze.
Procedure
The procedure for resetting the CUDA Chip is as follows: Shut
down the system. Remove the AC power connector from the back
of the machine. Open the side panel. Locate the red reset button.
Press and hold the reset button for approximately 5 seconds.
Replace side panel and plug power back into the machine. This
procedure resets the CUDA Chip back to its defaults.
Power Supply
In the event the Genesis MP doesn’t power up:
1. Ensure that AC Power, the keyboard and ADB cable are connected properly. Swap keyboard and cables to test.
2. Reseat the nPOWER card, video card, and ROM SIMM (if present).*
*It is possible that the ROM socket will not be populated (ROM
will be soldered to the motherboard) and reseating the ROM
SIMM should be disregarded.
Reseating the ROM SIMM
3. Reset the CUDA Chip (see section CUDA Chip in this chapter).
4. Ensure proper voltage is being supplied by the power supply
(see Appendix C - Voltage Readings). If voltage is out of
spec, replace power supply.
5. Check the voltage of the battery (see Appendix C - Voltage
Readings). If the battery is not providing sufficient voltage, replace it.
6. Disconnect SCSI devices.
7. Remove and test the cache DIMM. (If present in the 3 slot Genesis MP)
8. Remove all PCI cards.
Genesis MP
Chapter 3 – Troubleshooting Guide
◆ 23
9. Replace nPOWER card.
10. Replace motherboard.
In the event the Genesis MP starts to power up, but shuts down
shortly after the boot sound is heard:
1. Reseat the nPOWER card, video card, and ROM SIMM (if present).*
*It is possible that the ROM socket will not be populated (ROM
will be soldered to the motherboard) and reseating the ROM
SIMM should be disregarded.
2. Reset the CUDA Chip (see section CUDA Chip in this chapter).
3. Ensure proper voltage is being supplied by the power supply
(see Appendix C - Voltage Readings). If voltage is out of
spec, replace power supply.
4. Check the voltage of the battery (see Appendix C - Voltage
Readings). If the battery is not providing sufficient voltage, replace it.
5. Disconnect SCSI devices.
6. Remove and test the cache DIMM. (If present in the 3 slot Genesis MP)
7. Remove all PCI cards.
8. Remove the nPOWER card and disconnect the 3.3v connector
from the motherboard. If the power supply and the dual fans
power on, then replace the motherboard.
9. Replace the power supply.
10. Replace the nPOWER card.
Error Chords
In the event a one-part error chord sounds during the startup
sequence, perform the following procedures:
1. Disconnect the SCSI data cable from the hard drive and restart
the system. If the startup sequence is normal, update or replace
SCSI driver. Then initialize the hard drive as a last resort. Test
the unit again with the SCSI data cable connected. If the error
chord still sounds, troubleshoot with another drive which is operable. If this drive operates effectively, replace the hard drive.
2. Disconnect the floppy drive cable and restart the system. If the
startup sequence is normal, replace the floppy drive.
3. Reseat the nPOWER card, the Video card, all DIMMs, and the
ROM SIMM (if present).*
4.
5.
6.
7.
*It is possible that the ROM socket will not be populated (ROM
will be soldered to the motherboard) and reseating the ROM
SIMM should be disregarded.
Test with operable DIMMs.
Remove and test the cache DIMM. (If present in the 3 slot Genesis MP)
Replace nPOWER card.
Replace motherboard.
24 ◆ Chapter 3 – Troubleshooting Guide
Genesis MP
The System
In the event there is a clicking, chirping, or thumping sound perform the following procedures:
1. Ensure there are no obstructions in the fan assemblies or the
power supply fan.
2. Remove all PCI cards. Restart the system and observe any
noises. If this problem doesn’t occur while the cards are absent,
begin replacing them one at a time to determine which card
might be causing the problem.
3. Remove the hard drive. If the problem no longer exists, replace
hard drive.
4. Disconnect speaker. If problem no longer exists, replace speaker.
5. Perform voltage readings (see Appendix C - Voltage
Readings). Resolve any problems found.
6. Replace power supply.
7. Replace nPOWER card.
8. Replace motherboard.
In the event the system shuts down intermittently perform the
following procedures:
1. Ensure that all air vents are not obstructed.
2. Ensure that the two chassis fans and the power supply fan are
operable.
3. If problem is a possible thermal protection shut down, allow the
system to cool for 30 minutes before continuing troubleshooting
procedures.
4. Ensure the power cord is properly connected.
5. Perform voltage readings (see Appendix C - Voltage
Readings). Resolve any problems found.
6. Reset the CUDA Chip (see section CUDA Chip in this chapter).
7. Replace the power supply.
8. Replace the nPOWER card.
9. Replace the motherboard.
Genesis MP
Chapter 3 – Troubleshooting Guide
◆ 25
During startup, the following message appears: “This startup
disk will not work on this Macintosh model.....” perform the following procedures:
1. Verify the startup volume is working.
2. Verify that the system software is v7.5.2 or later.
3. Perform a clean install of the system software. (refer to the
Genesis MP User Guide)
4. Replace the hard drive.
5. Replace the motherboard.
In the event the system intermittently crashes or hangs perform
the following procedures:
1. Verify the system software is v7.5.2 or later.
2. Verify that software is compatible (contact software manufacturer). Restart with extensions off to determine if system extensions are the cause of the problem.
3. Remove the Preferences Folder from System Folder and restart
to determine if a corrupt preference is causing the problem.
4. Remove the Fonts Folder from System Folder and restart to
determine if a corrupt font is causing the problem.
5. Clear parameter RAM (PRAM). Perform this task by simultaneously pressing <COMMAND> + <OPTION> + <P> + <R> during
startup. Wait for the second bong before releasing the keys.
6. Perform a clean install of the system software. (refer to the
Genesis MP User Guide)
7. Remove and test all DIMMs by replacing one at a time. Replace
any defective DIMMs.
8. Remove and test the cache DIMM. (If present in the 3 slot Genesis MP)
9. Reset the CUDA Chip (see section CUDA Chip in this chapter).
10. Ensure all processors are available by utilizing the nPOWER
Control application. (refer to the Genesis MP User Guide for
instructions)
11. Ensure all processors are functional by utilizing PowerFrax.
(refer to the Genesis MP User Guide for instructions)
12. Replace hard drive.
13. Replace nPOWER card.
14. Replace motherboard.
26 ◆ Chapter 3 – Troubleshooting Guide
Genesis MP
In the event of performance loss in multiprocessing applications, perform the following procedures:
1. Ensure that only one copy of multiprocessing plug-in (for applications which use plug-ins) is installed per application.
2. Quit current multiprocessing application and relaunch application.
3. Shut down system and cold boot machine.
4. Ensure hard drive is not overly fragmented.
5. Verify correct version of MP Library is installed.
6. Reinstall System Software (v7.5.2 or later).
7. Perform a clean install of System Software.
8. Clear parameter RAM (PRAM). Perform this task by simultaneously pressing <COMMAND> + <OPTION> + <P> + <R> during
startup. Wait for the second bong before releasing the keys.
9. Remove and test all DIMMs by replacing one at a time. Replace
any defective DIMMs.
10. Replace nPOWER card.
Display
In the event that the system provides the correct startup
sequence but no picture is apparent on the display, perform the
following procedures:
1. Remove and test all DIMMs by replacing one at a time. Replace
any defective DIMMs.
2. Remove and test the VRAM DIMMs. (If present in the 3 slot Genesis MP)
3. Remove and test the cache DIMM. (If present in the 3 slot Genesis MP)
4. Reseat the nPOWER card, display card, and ROM SIMM (if
present).*
*It is possible that the ROM socket will not be populated (ROM
will be soldered to the motherboard) and reseating the ROM
SIMM should be disregarded.
5. Reset the CUDA Chip (see section CUDA Chip in this chapter).
6. Replace the display card.
7. Replace the motherboard.
8. Replace the nPOWER Card.
Genesis MP
Chapter 3 – Troubleshooting Guide
◆ 27
In the event that system provides the correct startup sequence but
the display is continuously rolling, perform the following procedures:
1. Ensure that your monitor does not sync on green. If it does,
ensure that your graphics card supports this older standard.
2. Check display card manual for startup syncing options.
3. Reseat the nPOWER card, display card, and ROM SIMM (if present).*
*It is possible that the ROM socket will not be populated (ROM
will be soldered to the motherboard) and reseating the ROM
SIMM should be disregarded.
4. Clear parameter RAM (PRAM). Perform this task by simultaneously
pressing <COMMAND> + <OPTION> + <P> + <R> during startup.
Wait for the second bong before releasing the keys.
5. Replace the display card.
6. Replace the motherboard.
7. Replace the nPOWER card.
Floppy Disk Drive
In the event the internal floppy drive is inoperable perform the
following procedures:
1. Check the floppy disk drive with a known-good diskette.
2. Check with a known-good floppy drive.
3. Replace the floppy drive.
4. Replace the floppy drive cable.
5. Replace the nPOWER card.
6. Replace the motherboard.
In the event a diskette ejects during system startup displaying a
blinking floppy icon with an “X” or “?” perform the following
procedures:
1. Ensure you are using a known-good startup diskette.
2. Check with a known-good floppy drive.
3. Replace the floppy drive.
4. Replace the floppy drive cable.
5. Replace the nPOWER card.
6. Replace the motherboard.
28 ◆ Chapter 3 – Troubleshooting Guide
Genesis MP
In the event the floppy drive does not eject the floppy diskette
perform the following procedures:
1. Power off the computer. Hold down the mouse button while
powering the computer on.
2. Check with a known-good floppy drive.
3. Replace the floppy drive.
4. Replace the floppy drive cable.
5. Replace the nPOWER card.
6. Replace the motherboard.
In the event the floppy drive attempts to eject the diskette but
cannot, perform the following procedures:
1. Ensure the front panel correctly aligns with the floppy drive.
2. Ensure the diskette is in good condition.
3. Check with a known-good floppy drive.
4. Replace the floppy drive.
In the event the floppy drive runs continuously perform the following procedures:
1. Check the floppy disk drive with a known-good diskette.
2. Check with a known-good floppy drive.
3. Replace the floppy drive.
4. Replace the floppy drive cable.
5. Replace the nPOWER card.
6. Replace the motherboard.
Genesis MP
Chapter 3 – Troubleshooting Guide
◆ 29
Hard Drive
In the event an internal hard drive is inoperable (drive doesn’t
spin) perform the following procedures:
1. Check with another power connector on the power cable
assembly.
2. Perform voltage readings (see Appendix C - Voltage
Readings). Resolve any problems found.
3. Check with a known-good hard drive.
4. Replace hard drive.
5. Replace SCSI cable.
6. Replace power supply.
In the event the internal hard drive is inoperable perform the following procedures:
1. Ensure no device on the SCSI chain is set for address number
seven.
2. Verify there are no duplicate SCSI device addresses.
3. Verify that only the last device in the SCSI chain is terminated.
4. Ensure SCSI devices are being recognized at the correct
addresses by utilizing the nPOWER Control application (refer to
the Genesis MP User Guide for instructions).
5. Perform voltage readings (see Appendix C - Voltage
Readings). Resolve any problems found.
6. Check with a known-good hard drive.
7. Replace hard drive.
8. Replace SCSI cable.
9. Replace power supply.
In the event the hard drive doesn’t appear on the desktop perform the following procedures:
1. Verify there are no duplicate SCSI device addresses.
2. Verify that only the last device in the SCSI chain is terminated.
3. Mount the drive by utilizing the nPOWER Control application
(refer to the Genesis MP User Guide for instructions).
4. Run Disk First Aid to verify the condition of the drive’s directory
structure.
30 ◆ Chapter 3 – Troubleshooting Guide
Genesis MP
5. Replace or update the driver on the hard drive.
6. Initialize the drive using the formatting software provided with
the Genesis MP (refer to the Genesis MP User Guide for
instruction).
7. Perform voltage readings (see Appendix C - Voltage
Readings). Resolve any problems found.
8. Check with a known-good hard drive.
9. Replace hard drive.
10. Replace SCSI cable.
11. Replace the nPOWER card.
12. Replace the motherboard.
13. Replace power supply.
Peripherals
In the event the cursor doesn’t move perform the following procedures:
1. Check the mouse and keyboard connections.
2. Inspect the inside of the mouse device for buildup of dirt or
other contaminants.
3. Clean the mouse device.
4. If the mouse was connected to a keyboard, connect the mouse
to another port.
5. If problem is not resolved, connect mouse directly to the computer.
6. If the mouse works, replace the keyboard.
7. Replace the cable.
8. If the mouse device doesn’t work while directly connected to the
computer, replace the mouse.
9. Remove and test the cache DIMM. (If present in the 3 slot Genesis MP)
10. Replace the motherboard.
11. Replace the nPOWER card.
Genesis MP
Chapter 3 – Troubleshooting Guide
◆ 31
In the event the cursor moves, but the mouse button doesn’t
have a clicking effect perform the following procedures:
1. Boot from a floppy or bootable CD to eliminate possible system
software corruption.
2. Check with a known-good mouse device.
3. Replace the mouse.
4. Replace the motherboard.
5. Replace the nPOWER card.
In the event there is no response to any key pressed on the keyboard, perform the following procedures:
1. Check the keyboard connection to the ADB port.
2. Check with a known-good keyboard.
3. Replace the keyboard.
4. Replace the keyboard cable.
5. Remove and test the cache DIMM. (If present in the 3 slot Genesis MP)
6. Replace the motherboard.
7. Replace the nPOWER card.
CD-ROM Drive
In the event the CD-ROM is inoperable perform the following
procedures:
1. Check with a known-good compact disc.
2. Replace the CD-ROM drive mechanism.
In the event the Genesis MP doesn’t display the CD-ROM icon
once a CD has been inserted in the drive perform the following
procedures:
1. Verify the CD-ROM software is installed.*
*Some Genesis MP models are shipped with CD-ROM drives
that the Apple CD-ROM driver does not support. In these cases
third party drivers, such as the included FWB CD-ROM Toolkit,
which specifically support the drive must be used.
2. Reinstall the CD-ROM software.
3. Replace the CD-ROM drive mechanism.
4. Replace the SCSI data cable.
32 ◆ Chapter 3 – Troubleshooting Guide
Genesis MP
Chapter 4
Removal and Replacement
This chapter explains procedures for removing and replacing the
repair component assemblies available for servicing Genesis MP.
The Genesis MP User Guide offers basic information on opening
the Genesis MP, peripheral expansion, and removal and replacement of many of the subassemblies covered in this guide.
In cases where a given procedure is explained in the Genesis MP
User Guide, we will refer you to that guide for removal and replacement procedures.
Removal and Replacement Basics
∆
!
∆
!
∆
!
Genesis MP
CAUTION
The procedures in this guide are meant to assist qualified service personnel in maintaining and repairing the Genesis MP.
Failure to follow proper service procedures could result in damage to
the Genesis MP and its component subassemblies, damage to peripheral devices, and could compromise the operational safety of the unit.
If you are not qualified to understand and perform these service
instructions, please refer servicing to a qualified technician.
WARNING
ALWAYS DISCONNECT POWER FROM GENESIS MP PRIOR TO
PERFORMING ANY MAINTENANCE AND/OR SERVICE. FAILURE
TO DISCONNECT POWER TO THIS PRODUCT MAY CAUSE
LOSS OF LIFE.
CAUTION
Genesis MP uses many components which are extremely sensitive
to electrostatic discharge (ESD). Perform your service at a staticfree service station of the type described in the preface to this manual. Failure to service in a static-free environment may cause damage to the Genesis MP.
Removal and Replacement
◆ 33
∆
!
∆
!
IMPORTANT
DayStar Digital does not offer a complete chassis as a repair part.
In cases of severe damage to the Genesis MP chassis, there may
also be internal damage not apparent to the eye. This could compromise the operational safety of the unit, or cause further problems with reliability at a later time.
If you are called upon to service a Genesis MP with a heavily damaged
chassis, contact DayStar Digital to arrange for refitting of the unit.
Note
Many of the repair procedures outlined in this chapter are easier to
accomplish if the Genesis MP is placed flat on a table on its right side.
Tools Required
#2 Phillips Screwdriver
#2 Phillips Screwdriver, 14-inch shaft
#1 Phillips Screwdriver
5/16-inch Nut Driver
1/4-inch Nut Driver
Wire Cutters
Loctite #242 Thread Locker
#8 Torx™ Driver
Small Flathead Screwdriver
34 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Genesis MP
Replaceable Parts
The following are the repair component subassemblies of the
Genesis MP. You can order these parts from DayStar Digital:
nPOWER Daughtercard
Motherboard
Power Supply
5.25˝ Fan
SCSI Cable Assembly
Floppy Disk Drive Cable Assembly
CD-ROM Audio Cable Assembly
Drive Power/Fan Power Harness
Motherboard Power Cable (2 versions)
Power Switch and Cable Assembly
LED and Cable Assembly
Speaker and Cable Assembly
Bezel Top Cap Assy.
Bezel CD-ROM Assy.
Bezel Blank Assy.
Bezel Removable Media Assy.
Front Vent Assy. (Lower Bezel)
Lithium Battery
CD-ROM Drive
Hard Drives
1.44 MB Floppy Drive
RAM DIMMs
Mouse
Keyboard & Cable
Power Cord - 6 ft. 125V
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 35
nPOWER Processor Card
1. Shut down the Genesis MP and remove power from the unit.
2. Open Genesis MP (loosen the side door panel) by following the
easy instructions in the Genesis MP User Guide.
3. Put on the anti-static wrist strap.
4. Disconnect the power connector from the nPOWER card. Be
sure to disengage the connector lock as you pull the plug.
Connector lock
nPOWER power connector
Disconnecting power from the
nPOWER card
5. Locate and unscrew the two hand screws on either side of the
nPOWER card bracket. Be careful to support the card as the
last screws are unscrewed.
Note: These screws are designed to stay attached to the
bracket once they have been unscrewed from the chassis.
nPOWER card bracket
4 hand screws
Locating the nPOWER
card bracket
36 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Genesis MP
6. Holding both sides of the nPOWER card bracket, firmly pull the
bracket away from the chassis to remove the card from the
motherboard nPOWER processor slot.
Removing the nPOWER card
7. Once the nPOWER card and its bracket have been removed
from the chassis, place the unit —with the metal bracket side
face down—on a clean flat surface.
8. Install the replacement nPOWER card and bracket into Genesis
MP by carefully aligning the card over the nPOWER slot on the
motherboard and by also aligning the bracket’s guide posts into
the alignment holes in the chassis. Once the bracket and card
are properly aligned, firmly push the card into the slot.
Installing nPOWER card
9. Continue to support the card and screw the two hand screws on
either side of the nPOWER card bracket into Genesis MP’s
chassis.
10. Reinstall Genesis MP’s side door panel by tightening down the
four hand screws.
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 37
Genesis MP Motherboard
The Genesis MP motherboard is supported by an adjustable motherboard tray, which permits adjustment of the fit between the motherboard and the gasket at the rear of the machine. Normally, you
will only have to adjust the fit if the motherboard tray has been
removed or if a replacement motherboard is installed. Removal of
the motherboard is as follows:
1. Shut down the Genesis MP and remove power from the unit.
2. Open Genesis MP (loosen the side door panel) by following the
instructions in the Genesis MP User Guide.
3. Put on the anti-static wrist strap.
4. Remove any PCI Peripheral Expansion Cards. (refer to
Genesis MP Users Guide)
5. Remove the nPOWER daughter card. (refer to the section
nPOWER Processor Card)
6. Carefully remove the AV Module and cable (3-slot units only).
See section Audio/Video (AV) Module.
7. Remove the two nuts holding the PCI Bracket in place. Remove
the PCI Bracket.
PCI bracket
38 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Genesis MP
8. Remove the cables from the Genesis MP motherboard.
∆
!
a - Starting at the top left hand corner, the six cables running
across the top of the motherboard are: Internal SCSI-2, Power
Supply Cable Assy., Speaker, CD-ROM Audio Cable, Floppy
Disk Drive, Power Supply Harness.
IMPORTANT
There is limited clearance between the motherboard power connector and the power supply bracket. In rare cases it may be necessary to loosen the motherboard securing screws to provide room
to slide the motherboard and remove the cable.
Motherboard cables (6 of 8)
b - remove the one or two cables from the lower right hand corner of the motherboard. Starting at the bottom and moving up,
the cables are: Power Switch Cable (Motherboard Power Switch
units only), LED Cable Assembly.
Motherboard cables (2 of 8)
∆
!
Genesis MP
CAUTION
You are about to remove the screws holding the motherboard in place.
The screws come in two sizes, and there are three different motherboard tray configurations: 6-slot with 11 screws (early units), 6slot with 8 screws (later units), and 3-slot with 9 screws (all 3-slot
units). Any 6-slot motherboard can be used with either 6-slot tray.
It is VERY IMPORTANT not to mix up the screws upon reassem-
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 39
bly. Take care to note where each screw comes from. Refer to the
diagrams Motherboard Screws and Standoffs for proper placement of screws upon reassembly.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in damage to the
nylon standoffs which help hold the motherboard in place.
Replacement of the standoffs can be time-consuming.
Proceed with care!
9. Remove the screws holding the motherboard in place. Consult
the diagrams below for the locations of the screws. TAKE CARE
to note the location of each screw so that the unit may be
reassembled with each screw in the proper place. Support the
motherboard while removing the last few screws so that it does
not fall out.
40 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Genesis MP
Motherboard Screws and Standoffs
6-slot motherboard, 11 screw tray
Small Screw
Large Screw
Screw Number
Large Screw
Large Metal Standoff
Large Nylon Standoff
Small Screw
Small Metal Standoff
Small Nylon Standoff
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 41
Motherboard Screws and Standoffs
6-slot motherboard, 8 screw tray
Small Screw
Large Screw
Screw Number
Large Screw
Large Metal Standoff
Large Nylon Standoff
Small Screw
Small Metal Standoff
Small Nylon Standoff
42 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Genesis MP
Motherboard Screws and Standoffs
All 3 slot motherboards
Small Screw
Large Screw
Screw Number
Large Screw
Large Metal Standoff
Large Nylon Standoff
Small Screw
Small Metal Standoff
Small Nylon Standoff
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 43
10. Carefully remove the motherboard by gently pulling it towards
you, starting with the right hand side. Take care not to disturb
the gasket (see photo below) between the motherboard and the
rear panel of the case.
Removing motherboard
If you have removed the motherboard in order to access the
motherboard tray for repair of fans or other procedures, move
on to that work now. Return to this section for replacement of
the motherboard.
Replace the motherboard in the reverse order of removal, with the
following exceptions:
1. If any of the nylon standoffs have been damaged by stripping or
breakage, replace them now. See the section Repair and
Replacement of Nylon Standoffs.
2. The motherboard should fit snugly against the gasket at the rear
panel of the case without providing undue pressure to connectors
mounted on the motherboard.
Motherboard against gasket
44 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Genesis MP
If the motherboard has been replaced, you may need to adjust
the motherboard tray to provide the snug fit required. If an adjustment is required, see the section Adjustment of the
Motherboard and Motherboard Tray.
3. If you mix up the screws which hold the motherboard to the
nylon standoffs, damage to the standoffs will occur. Refer to the
Motherboard Screws and Standoffs diagrams for the proper
placement of motherboard screws.
4. It is possible to damage the motherboard by overtightening the
screws. Use care in attaching the motherboard to the motherboard tray.
5. If you are replacing the original motherboard in a Motherboard
Power Switch machine (see section Power Switch & Cable
Assembly), ensure that the replacement motherboard has the
appropriate connector for the power switch (all DayStar-supplied repair motherboards do) before proceeding.
Adjustment of the Motherboard and Motherboard Tray
The motherboard may be adjusted to provide a snug fit with the
gasket at the rear of the machine. This procedure should only be
necessary when replacing the motherboard, or when the motherboard tray has been removed for work on the fans or other procedures requiring removal of the motherboard tray.
1. Note the 6 securing screws in the oval adjustment slots in the
motherboard tray
6 securing screws in motherboard tray
2. Loosen the 6 screws until the tray may be moved to the left or
right slightly (a little friction makes the adjustment easier).
3. Attach the motherboard gently with 2 screws in metal spacers.
4. By sliding the motherboard and tray assembly, gently snug the
motherboard to the gasket at the rear of the machine. Do not place
undue strain on the connectors at the rear of the motherboard.
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 45
5. While supporting the motherboard to keep it from falling out,
carefully remove the 2 screws holding the motherboard to the
motherboard tray. Make sure that the motherboard tray does not
move during removal of the motherboard.
6. Tighten the 6 motherboard tray securing screws, starting with
the 2 screws in the center.
Proceed to Genesis MP Motherboard, section on replacement of
motherboard.
Repair and Replacement of Motherboard Standoffs
Nylon standoffs may break when subjected to unusual force (accidents, droppage, excessively rough handling), or strip when motherboard attaching screws are mixed during reassembly.
If only a single nylon standoff is stripped, the Genesis MP case provides enough redundant support that the standoff thread may be
repaired with Loctite thread locker number 242.
To repair a single stripped nylon standoff:
1. Immediately before final assembly of the motherboard retaining
screw to the stripped standoff, coat the threads of the screw
with Loctite number 242.
∆
!
2. Install the motherboard retaining screw immediately. If the screw
is removed again for any reason, replace the nylon standoff.
IMPORTANT
If more than one nylon standoff is stripped, or if you have reason
to believe that one or more nylon standoffs have been stripped
and repaired previously, DayStar recommends that all nylon standoffs be replaced at this time.
If a metal standoff is damaged, do not attempt repair - replace it.
If a standoff is broken, it must be replaced. DayStar recommends
that all nylon standoffs be replaced at this time.
To replace nylon or metal standoffs
1. Remove the motherboard. Refer to the section Genesis MP
Motherboard.
2. Replace all nylon standoffs and any damaged metal standoffs
using a nutdriver of an appropriate size.
3. Replace motherboard. If the motherboard tray has been loosened or removed, adjust per instructions in section Adjustment
of the Motherboard and Motherboard Tray.
46 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Genesis MP
Power Supply
Removal of the Power Supply is a simple procedure, and can be
done without removing other components.
1. Unplug the 2 Power Supply cables from the motherboard (refer
to diagram in Genesis MP Motherboard).
2. Unplug the power switch connector from the power supply harness (Power Supply Power Switch units only). See the section
Power Switch and Cable for more information.
∆
!
3. Unplug the Power Supply from the Drive Power/Fan Power
Harness See section Drive Power/Fan Power Harness.
IMPORTANT
There is limited clearance between the motherboard power connector and the power supply bracket. In rare cases it may be necessary to loosen the motherboard securing screws to provide room
to slide the motherboard and remove the cable. See the section
Genesis MP Motherboard if necessary.
4. Carefully clip the cable-ties which hold the speaker cable to to
the power supply harness, and the cable ties holding the 3.3v
nPOWER supply cable to the motherboard tray (above the fans
and PCI bracket).
Power supply harness
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 47
5. Remove the two screws holding the power supply retainer in place.
Power supply retainer
(side view)
6. Remove the power supply retainer.
7. Remove the CD-ROM Bezel and the Removable Media Bay
Bezel (if installed).
8. Loosen the screws holding the CD-ROM drive (and any device
installed in the removable media bay) and slide toward the front of
the machine to provide clearance for removing the power supply.
9. Slide the power supply toward the front of the machine and up
to remove.
10. Unplug the power supply cable assembly from the side of the
power supply.
∆
!
IMPORTANT
Retain the power supply cable assembly. It is not furnished with
the power supply replacement subassembly! If the power supply
cable assembly needs to be replaced, order one at this time.
Replacement is the reverse of removal, with these exceptions:
1. Align the Power Supply’s locator tabs with the slots in the power
supply bracket
.
48 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Power supply locator tabs
(seen from below)
Genesis MP
2. Ensure that the CD-ROM drive (and any installed removable
media device) lines up well with its bezel, and that the tray
operates smoothly without binding.
3. If the unit was originally equipped with a cable tie, use a new
cable-tie to carefully reattach the speaker cable to the power
supply wiring harness.
5.25” Fans
Because the fans are mounted on the motherboard tray, removal
and replacement of the fans will require removal of the motherboard tray, and subsequent adjustment of the motherboard and
motherboard tray. Once the motherboard tray has been removed,
removal and replacement of the fans is a simple matter.
1. Remove the nPOWER card. See the section nPOWER card.
2. Remove the motherboard. See the section Motherboard.
3. Unplug the two connectors powering the 5.25˝ fans.
4. Remove the motherboard tray. See the section Motherboard Tray.
Once the motherboard tray has been removed, take a minute to
note the condition of the nylon and metal motherboard standoffs;
this is a good time to replace any that are broken, stripped or that
have been repaired with Loctite (see section Repair and
Replacement of Motherboard Standoffs).
.
Fans on motherboard tray
showing cable tie, nuts
5. Carefully clip the cable tie holding the fan cables to the top fan.
6. Remove the four nuts holding the fan to the motherboard tray.
Replacement is the reverse of removal, with the following exceptions:
1. Carefully use a new cable tie to attach the fan cables to the top
fan in the same manner as the original unit.
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 49
2. When replacing motherboard tray, route LED and Power Switch
cables as in the original unit.
3. Do not tighten securing screws for motherboard tray before tray
adjustment.
4. Adjust the motherboard and motherboard tray. See section
Adjustment of the Motherboard and Motherboard Tray.
Motherboard Tray
The motherboard tray holds two 5.25˝ fans, the “PCI Bracket”
(which stabilizes the inner end of PCI cards, and the Genesis MP
Motherboard (which itself holds the nPOWER daughtercard).
∆
!
Typically, you will only remove the motherboard tray for replacement of fans.
IMPORTANT
If you remove the motherboard tray or if you install a different
motherboard, you must adjust the motherboard tray as described
in the section Adjustment of the Motherboard and Motherboard
Tray.
To remove the motherboard tray:
1. Remove the nPOWER card. See the section nPOWER card.
2. Remove the motherboard. See the section Motherboard.
3. Unplug the two connectors powering the 5.25˝ fans
4. Remove the motherboard tray by removing the 6 motherboard
tray securing screws and lifting the tray out. Note the routing of
the LED and Power Switch cables.
.
50 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Circles indicate securing
screws in motherboard tray
Genesis MP
Replacement is the reverse of removal, with the following notes
and exceptions:
1. Route Power Switch (Motherboard Power Switch units only) and
LED cables through slot in motherboard tray.
2. Do not snug 6 motherboard tray securing screws until adjustment procedure is complete.
3. Adjust motherboard and motherboard tray. See section
Adjustment of the Motherboard and Motherboard Tray.
Motherboard SCSI Cable (not PCI SCSI Cables)
The Motherboard SCSI cable may be easily replaced without removal
of any other components. Note that SCSI cables have a plastic keyway which ensures that the cable may only be inserted in the correct
orientation. If a cable does not appear to fit a connector, do not force it
- check the orientation of the connector before proceeding.
Before you begin, familiarize yourself with the routing of the
Motherboard SCSI cable:
.
Motherboard SCSI (large arrows)
and floppy cable (small arrows)
routing
The Motherboard SCSI cable attaches to the SCSI connector on
the motherboard, at the top, left-hand corner of the motherboard.
The cable goes up, is folded through a 90 degree angle, and runs
along the back wall of the Genesis MP until it reaches the drive area.
The cable turns to attach to the CD-ROM drive, folds several times
to provide slack for connecting to devices in the removable media
bay, then descends to the 3.5˝ drive bay area.
One more 90 degree fold and velcro at the top of the drive bay
area position the cable for attachment to 3.5” form factor drives.
As always with Genesis MP, only the final drive in the chain should
have termination enabled.
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 51
Floppy Drive Cable
The removal and replacement of the floppy drive cable is very
easy and may be accomplished without removal of any other components. The cable connects to the motherboard at top edge, turns
through 90 degrees, and runs along the back wall of the machine
to the floppy disk drive. Consult the previous photo for routing.
CD-ROM Audio Cable
Removal and replacement of the CD-ROM cable is very easy and may
be accomplished without removal of any other components. The cable
connects to the motherboard at top edge, turns through 90 degrees,
and runs along the back wall of the machine to the CD-ROM drive.
Drive Power/Fan Power Harness
The Drive Power/Fan Power Harness provides power to all drives
on the internal SCSI bus, and to the two drive bay cooling fans.
Removal and replacement may be accomplished without removal
of the Genesis MP Front Panel.
To remove and replace the Drive Power/Fan Power Harness:
1. Back up any data on the hard drives.
2. Unplug the drive bay vent fans, the floppy drive, the CD-ROM
audio, data and power cables from the CD-ROM drive and all
hard drive data and power cables from the drives.
3. Remove the nPOWER card (see section nPOWER
Daughtercard) and any PCI expansion cards (see Chapter 3 of
the Genesis MP User Guide) to ensure their safety.
4. Remove the CD-ROM drive and any other devices in the 5.25˝
drive bays.The floppy drive may be left in place.
5. Make room to work in the Genesis MP chassis: carefully secure
SCSI, floppy and CD-ROM Audio cables out of the way.
6. Take careful note of the routing of the old harness. Refer to the section Drive Power/Fan Power Harness Routing for more detail.
7. Clip the cable ties restraining the harness at the 3.5˝ drive bay
and on the chassis support rail near the drive bay fans. Unplug
the harness at the power supply harness connector and carefully remove the old harness.
8. Fish the two longest drive power cables and the fan power cable in
between the 5.25˝ drive bay and the Genesis MP right-hand wall
(as viewed from the front of the machine). Separate the fan power
cable and route it to the fan area. Route the drive power cables
between the 5.25˝ drive bay and the 3.5˝ drive bay assemblies.
52 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Genesis MP
9. Plug the new Drive Power/Fan Power Harness into the power
supply harness connector. Dress the cables to match the original installation, securing the fan power cable at the chassis support rail anchor and the three connector drive power cable at
the top right-hand corner of the 3.5˝ drive bay with cable ties.
The remainder of reassembly is the reverse of removal. Perform
operational tests on the Fans, Power Switch, LED, Speaker, CDROM Audio, Floppy Disk and all Hard Drives and other internal
peripherals before returning unit to customer.
Drive Power/Fan Power Harness Routing
The Drive Power/Fan Power Harness is composed of the fan
power cable and three drive power cables which meet at the
power supply drive power plug.
• Two longer drive power cables and the fan power cable are
routed between the 5.25˝ drive bay and the wall of the
Genesis MP. The drive power cables only are routed across
the top of the 3.5˝ drive bay. The drive power cable with
three drive power connectors is tied off to the drive bay near
the top right hand side. The fan power cable ties off to the
anchor on the chassis support rail just above the fans.
• One drive power cable (the short one) provides power to the
5.25˝ drive bay assembly. Make sure this cable is NOT routed
between the 5.25˝ drive bay and the wall of the Genesis MP.
Drive power/fan power routing
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 53
Power Switch and Cable Assembly
There are two versions of Genesis MP with respect to the power
switch: Motherboard Power Switch machines, and Power Supply
Power Switch machines.
One power switch and cable assembly is used for both machines.
The replacement procedures differ significantly, however.
Determine which version of Genesis MP you are servicing before
you begin, and read and understand the replacement procedure
for that version before continuing.
Power switch in front panel.
(seen from above)
Motherboard Power Switch units:
The Power Switch is located at the top of the front panel and connects to the motherboard at the lower right hand corner.
Motherboard
power switch connection
Removal and replacement of the Power Switch and Cable assembly requires removal of the Genesis MP front panel and the motherboard. Read and understand those procedures before beginning.
To remove and replace the Power Switch:
1. Remove the Genesis MP Motherboard. See section Genesis
MP Motherboard.
2. Remove any 3.5˝ drives installed in the 3.5˝ drive bay.
54 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Genesis MP
3. Remove the Front Panel. See the section Genesis MP Front
Panel (metal).
4. Note the cable routing and existing anchor points. See section
Speaker Cable/LED Cable/Power Switch Cable Routing.
Carefully clip the cable ties attaching the Power Switch Cable to
other cables and anchors. Cables are anchored on the inside of
the front panel and at the Genesis MP side wall (accessible
through the 3.5˝ drive bay).
5. Remove switch and cable. Switch is removed squeezing the
sides of the switch housing and pushing it forward.
Replacement is the reverse of disassembly, with the following
exceptions:
1. Route and dress cables as in original unit. See section Speaker
Cable/LED Cable/Power Switch Cable Routing. Cable routes
behind 3.5˝ drive bay and through slot in Motherboard Tray.
Carefully install new cable ties at anchor points.
2. Adjust Motherboard Tray if needed - see section Adjusting the
Motherboard Tray.
Power Supply Power Switch units:
The Power Switch is located at the top of the front panel and connects to a small pair of wires coming from the motherboard power
supply cable near the power supply.
Power supply
power switch connection
Removal and replacement of the Power Switch and Cable assembly requires removal of the Genesis MP front panel. Read and
understand this procedure before beginning.
To remove and replace the Power Switch:
1. Remove any 3.5˝ drives installed in the 3.5˝ drive bay.
2. Remove the Front Panel. See the section Genesis MP Front
Panel (metal).
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 55
3. Note the cable routing and existing anchor points. Carefully clip
the cable ties attaching the Power Switch Cable to other cables
and anchors. Cables are anchored on the inside of the front
panel and at the Genesis MP side wall (accessible through the
3.5˝ drive bay).
4. Remove switch and cable. Switch is removed by squeezing the
sides of the switch housing and pushing it forward.
Reassembly is the reverse of disassembly, with the following
exceptions:
1. Route and dress cables as in original unit. See section Speaker
Cable/LED Cable/Power Switch Cable Routing. Cable routes
behind 3.5˝ drive bay and up to wiring harness area. Carefully
install new cable ties at anchor points.
LED and Cable Assembly
Removal and replacement of the LED and Cable assembly
requires removal of the Genesis MP front panel and motherboard.
Read and understand those procedures before beginning.
LED in front panel.
The LED is located at the left-hand side of the front panel and connects to the motherboard at the lower right hand corner.
To remove and replace the LED:
1. Remove the Genesis MP Motherboard. See section Genesis
MP Motherboard.
2. Remove any 3.5˝ drives installed in the 3.5˝ drive bay.
3. Remove the Front Panel. See the section Genesis MP Front
Panel (metal).
4. Note the cable routing and existing anchor points. See section
Speaker Cable/LED Cable/Power Switch Cable Routing.
Carefully clip the cable ties attaching the LED Cable to other
cables and anchors. Cables are anchored on the inside of the
front panel and at the Genesis MP side wall (accessible through
the 3.5˝ drive bay).
56 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Genesis MP
5. Remove LED and cable. LED is removed by squeezing the
sides of the LED housing and pushing it forward.
Reassembly is the reverse of disassembly, with the following
exceptions:
1. Route and dress cables as in original unit. See section Speaker
Cable/LED Cable/Power Switch Cable Routing. Cable routes
behind 3.5˝ drive bay and through slot in Motherboard Tray.
Carefully install new cable ties at anchor points.
2. Adjust Motherboard Tray if needed - see section Adjusting the
Motherboard Tray.
Speaker and Cable Assembly
Removal and replacement of the Speaker and Cable assembly
requires removal of the Genesis MP front panel. Read and understand that procedure before beginning.
Speaker in front panel.
The Speaker is located at the bottom center of the front panel and
connects to the motherboard at the connector on the top edge.
To remove and replace the Speaker:
1. Remove the Front Panel. See the section Genesis MP Front
Panel (metal).
2. Note the cable routing and existing anchor points. See section
Speaker Cable/LED Cable/Power Switch Cable Routing.
Carefully clip the cable ties attaching the Speaker Cable to
other cables and anchors. Cables are anchored on the inside of
the front panel and at the Genesis MP side wall (accessible
above the 3.5˝ drive bay).
3. Remove speaker and cable. Speaker is removed by unscrewing
the two nuts securing it to the front panel.
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 57
Reassembly is the reverse of disassembly, with the following
exceptions:
1. Take care not to damage the speaker - it is vulnerable until the
machine is assembled.
2. Route and dress cables as in original unit. See section Speaker
Cable/LED Cable/Power Switch Cable Routing. Cable routes
above 3.5˝ drive bay and through wiring harness cable anchor.
Carefully install new cable ties at anchor points.
Speaker Cable/LED Cable/Power Switch Cable Routing
• The speaker cable is routed to the top-right of the front
panel and into the Genesis MP chassis. The speaker cable
should be tied off to the drive bay/fan power cable assembly.
• The LED cable and power switch cables are routed to the
center-right of the front panel and into the Genesis MP chassis.
.
LED, power switch and
speaker cable routing
(motherboard power units)
LED, power switch and
speaker cable routing
(power supply power units)
58 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Genesis MP
Genesis MP Front Panel (metal)
It is necessary to remove the Genesis MP front panel to remove
and replace the following subassemblies: LED & Cable Assembly,
Power Switch & Cable Assembly, Speaker & Cable Assembly.
You will remove the front panel and the 5.25˝ drive bay assembly
as a unit.
Removal of the front panel is not a trivial procedure, and to ensure
success, DayStar recommends you read over the procedure and
ensure that you have the correct understanding, tools, and workspace ready before proceeding.
∆
!
IMPORTANT
It may be necessary to remove devices installed in the 5.25˝
removable media bay in order to secure access to the nuts attaching the 5.25˝ drive bay assembly to the wall of the Genesis MP
chassis. DayStar recommends that you back up all hard disks
before beginning any procedure requiring removal of a hard disk.
To remove the Genesis MP Front Panel:
1. Remove the plastic bezels, top cap and front vent assembly.
Refer to section Plastic Faceplate Bezels and Front Vent
Assembly.
2. Remove the CD-ROM drive (if installed) from the 5.25˝ drive
bay assembly. Refer to section CD-ROM Drive. Remove any
removable media device (if installed) from the 5.25˝ drive bay
assembly - see Chapter 3 of the Genesis MP User Guide (you
may leave the floppy disk drive in place if you handle the front
panel assembly carefully).
3. Unplug the floppy drive cable from the floppy drive.
4. Remove the two nuts holding the 5.25˝ drive bay assembly to
the wall of the Genesis MP.
5.25˝ drive bay securing nuts
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 59
5. Remove the eight screws holding the front panel assembly to the
Genesis MP chassis.
.
∆
!
Eight front panel securing screws
Numbers are for tightening order on reassembly
6. View the Genesis MP from the front. Cable assemblies pass
between the front panel and the chassis on the right-hand side
of the front panel assembly. To remove the front panel, carefully
open it like a door (note: the assembly is NOT supported by
hinges), pulling the left edge toward you while keeping the right
edge close to the Genesis MP Chassis.
IMPORTANT
The front panel will be restrained by wiring for various subassemblies attached to it. be careful not to strain the attached wires while
the front panel is in this position.
Support the Genesis MP Front panel so that it does not fall and
stress cable subassemblies or cause damage to the metal, the
fasteners or the attached LED, Power Switch and Speaker subassemblies.
From this position, you should be able to access cables and subassemblies mounted to the front panel. Observe and note factory
cable routing and cable-tie points before further disassembly.
Replacement is the reverse of removal with the following exceptions:
1. Ensure the proper routing of power switch, LED, speaker, drive
power and fan cable assemblies. Refer to sections Speaker
Cable/LED Cable/Power Switch Cable Routing and Drive
Power/Fan Power Harness Routing.
60 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Genesis MP
2. The front panel provides support for the Genesis MP chassis.
Place the Genesis in operating position on a flat surface to
tighten the front panel securing screws. Check to make sure the
chassis is not distorted and does not “rock” on two feet before
continuing. Check at this time to ensure that the front bezel
plastic lines up properly.
3. Remember to plug in the fan power, speaker, LED, power
switch and all drive cables.
4. Ensure that CD-ROM drive and other removable media devices
have adequate clearance to eject trays and/or media without
scraping the edge of the front bezels.
5. Perform an operational test of Fans, Power Switch, LED,
Speaker, CD-ROM Audio, Floppy Disk and all Hard Drives and
other internal SCSI peripherals before returning unit to customer.
Plastic Faceplate Bezels and Front Vent Assembly
With the exception of the top cap bezel (covering the power on-off
switch), removal and replacement of the bezels and front vent assembly is a snap-on/snap-off process. Bezels and front vent assembly are
held in place by “snap” type fittings. No tools are required to remove
and replace these bezels or the front vent assembly.
Snap fittings/attaching bezels
The top bezel is held in place by two captive Phillips-head screws
which may be accessed from the inside of the Genesis MP. The
screws, located at either side of the 5.25˝ drive bay assembly, may
be removed without removing other components.
The top bezel will usually be removed only for replacement due to
damage, replacement of of the power switch, or as a precursor to
removing the (metal) Genesis MP front panel.
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 61
To remove the top cap bezel:
1. Remove the CD-ROM drive to provide clearance. See section
CD-ROM Drive.
2. Unscrew the two captive Phillips head screws using a 14˝ #2
Phillips-head screwdriver.
Screwdrivers engaging
top cap attaching screws
Top cap attaching screws
3. Remove the top cap bezel.
Reinstallation is the reverse of removal.
Audio/Video (AV) Module (3-slot units only)
∆
!
The Audio/Video (AV) Module is mounted to the metal AV Panel,
which is in turn mounted to the rear panel of the Genesis MP. You
will typically remove the AV Module when removing the motherboard from the 3-slot Genesis MP.
CAUTION
The AV module and AV cable are delicate. Removal is recommended whenever the motherboard is removed in order to provide
protection for the module and the cable.
62 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Genesis MP
To remove the AV module:
1. Remove the two Torx™ attaching screws with a Torx T-8 driver.
Removing the Audio/Video (AV) module
2. If you have not already done so, remove the nPOWER processor card to provide clearance. See section nPOWER Card.
3. Disconnect the AV cable from its slot near the nPOWER processor card slot.
Removing the Audio/Video (AV) cable
Replacement is the reverse of removal. Use care not to place
undue strain on the delicate AV cable during replacement.
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 63
Lithium Battery
∆
!
Genesis MP uses a lithium battery to store users’ preferences and
time and date information while the unit is not turned on.
CAUTION
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only
with the same or equivalent type recommended by the battery
manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the instructions listed in the Preface.
Battery location
Here are the steps for replacing the lithium battery.
1. Put on your anti-static wrist strap.
2. Remove the battery cover by placing a thin bladed screw driver
between the battery and the black battery cover and gently
pushing the tip of the blade away from the battery while lifting
up on the battery cover. It may be necessary to duplicate this
step on both sides of the battery.
Removing the battery cover
3. With the battery cover removed, note the orientation of the battery and then grasp the battery on the sides and pull it out.
4. Orient the new battery properly over the battery connector and
and push it into place.
5. Reinstall the battery cover.
64 ◆ Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
Genesis MP
CD-ROM Drive
Removal and Replacement of the CD-ROM drive is nearly identical to
removal and replacement of any 5.25˝ removable media device. The
CD-ROM drive differs from other removable media devices in that it
also has an audio cable attached to the connector nearest to the
Genesis MP’s right-hand side. For all other removal and replacement
instructions, refer to Chapter 3 of the Genesis MP User Guide.
Hard Drive
DayStar currently provides several different drive configurations for
Genesis MP. These include single drive systems operating on the
motherboard SCSI interface, and multiple drive Fast and Wide
arrays using a high-performance PCI SCSI controller.
Removal and Replacement of Hard Drives is covered in Chapter 3
of the Genesis MP User Guide. Technicians should refer to
Chapter 1 of the Genesis MP Service Guide, section Functional
Descriptions: SCSI Interface for details covering the Genesis MP
SCSI bus.
Floppy Drive
Removal and Replacement of the floppy drive is nearly identical to
removal and replacement of 5.25˝ removable media devices.
The floppy drive differs from other removable media devices in that
you need to remove the Front Vent Assembly (the large lower
bezel) to remove the drive. The Front Vent Assembly is removable
by hand with gentle fingertip pressure.
For all other removal and replacement instructions, refer to
Chapter 3 of the Genesis MP User Guide.
PCI Expansion Cards
Removal and replacement of PCI expansion cards is discussed in
Chapter 3 of the Genesis MP User Guide. For tips on PCI Card
Performance, see Chapter 1 of the Genesis MP Service Guide,
section Functional Descriptions: PCI Cards.
RAM DIMMs
Removal and replacement of RAM DIMMs is discussed in Chapter
3 of the Genesis MP User Guide.
For best performance, DayStar recommends that RAM DIMMs be
interleaved. For maximum RAM configurations and information on
interleaving, see Chapter 1 of the Genesis MP Service Guide,
section Functional Descriptions: Memory.
Genesis MP
Chapter 4 – Removal and Replacement
◆ 65
Appendix A
External Connections
This chapter describes the I/O features of the Genesis MP and the
interfaces for external I/O devices. The interfaces and their pinouts
are listed below.
Note:
The A/V features and specification that are specific to the 3 slot
Genesis MP are described in Apple’s Technical Information manual. This manual was included with the Power Macintosh that was
used in the Genesis MP conversion process.
Interface Basics
Follow these guidelines when handling, disconnecting, or connecting the system:
• When connecting or disconnecting a cable, always hold the
cable by its connector (the plug, not the cord).
• Always turn off the system and all of its components prior to
connecting or disconnecting any cables or when adding or
removing any component. Failure to do so could seriously damage these assemblies and/or the system. Additionally, electric
currents can cause damage to oneself or even loss of life.
• Never force a connector into a port. If the connector and port
do not join with ease, they may not match, or may be in
need of repair. Ensure the connector matches the port and
that the connector is correctly aligned to its pin assignments.
Also check to ensure that none of the pins are bent.
Refer to the Genesis MP User Guide for more information about
connecting External SCSI devices. For information about
Installation, SCSI Cables and Chains, and Termination, refer to
Chapter 3 of the Genesis MP User Guide.
I/O Ports
The Genesis MP system has the standard I/O ports found on all
Mac OS systems:
• Two Geoport-compatible serial ports
• ADB port
• Ethernet ports (AAUI and 10BaseT)
• SCSI port
• Stereo sound input and output jacks
Genesis MP
Appendix A
◆ 67
The Serial Ports
The Genesis MP Systems have two serial ports located on the
back panel. Both of these ports use 9-pin circular mini-DIN sockets. The serial port sockets will accept either 8 or 9-pin plugs.
With external modules connected to these serial ports, the
Genesis MP System can communicate with a variety of ISDN and
other telephony transmission products. The serial port sockets can
be independently programmed for asynchronous or synchronous
communication formats up to baud rates of 9600 (this includes
AppleTalk and Apple GeoPort protocols).
Serial Port Connector - Pin Assignments
Pin
Name Function
1
HSKo Handshake output
2
HSKi Handshake input or external clock
3
TxD-
Transmit Data-
4
Gnd
Ground
5
RxD- Receive data-
6
TxD+ Transmit data+
7*
GPi
8
RxD+ Receive Data
9**
+5V
General-purpose input
Power to external device(s) (100mA max)
* Pin 7 includes the GPi (general-purpose input signal).
* Pin 9 on provides +5 power from the ADB power supply. An
external device should not exceed 1000 mA from this pin.
The total current available for all devices connected to the +5V
supply for the ADB and the serial ports is 500 mA.
∆
!
68 ◆ Appendix A
CAUTION
Excessive current will cause a circuit breaker to interrupt the +5V
supply. The breaker will automatically reset when the load returns
to normal.
Genesis MP
The Apple Desktop Bus (ADB)
The ADB is an asynchronous communication bus used for slower
input devices (i.e., keyboard, mouse). The Genesis MP has a single ADB port located on the back panel. The connector is a 4-pin
mini-DIN socket.
ADB Connector Pin Assignments
Pin
Name
Description
1
ADB
Bidirectional data bus
2
PSW
POWER ON signal
3
+5V
+5 volts
4
GND
Ground
Ethernet Port
Genesis MP has a built-in Ethernet Port. The Ethernet port contains two connectors, one for a 10BaseT cable and the other for
the Ethernet adapter. Refer to the table for the Ethernet Connector
pin assignments.
Ethernet Connector Pin Assignments
Genesis MP
Pin
Description
1
+5V
2
DI+
3
DI-
4
Ground
5
CI+
6
CI-
7
+5V
8
+5V
9
DO+
10
DO-
11
Ground
12
No connection
13
No connection
14
+5V
Appendix A
◆ 69
SCSI Port
Genesis MP uses a SCSI bus for external SCSI devices. The
external SCSI connector is a 25-pin D-type connector. Refer to the
table for the SCSI Connector pin assignments.
The external SCSI port has automatic termination capability. When
no external SCSI device is connected, the automatic termination
capability is active. When one or more external SCSI devices are
connected, the automatic termination is removed. The last SCSI
device on the bus requires termination.
SCSI Connector Pin Assignments
Int.
Pin
Ext.
Pin
Signal
Name
Signal
Description
2
8
/DB0
Bit 0 of SCSI data bus
4
21
/DB1
Bit 1 of SCSI data bus
6
22
/DB2
Bit 2 of SCSI data bus
8
10
/DB3
Bit 3 of SCSI data bus
10
23
/DB4
Bit 4 of SCSI data bus
12
11
/DB5
Bit 5 of SCSI data bus
14
12
/DB6
Bit 6 of SCSI data bus
16
13
/DB7
Bit 7 of SCSI data bus
18
20
/DBP
Parity bit of SCSI data bus
n.c.
Not Connected
25
26
25
TPWR
+5 V terminator power
32
17
/ATN
Attention
36
6
/BSY
Bus busy
38
5
/ACK
Handshake acknowledge
40
4
/RST
Bus reset
42
2
/MSG
Message phase
43
19
/SEL
Select
46
15
/C/D
Control or data
48
1
/REQ
Handshake request
50
3
/I/O
Input or output
20,22,24,28
7,9,14,16,
GND
Ground
30,34,& all
18and 24
odd pins
except pin 25
70 ◆ Appendix A
Genesis MP
Sound Input Jack
The Genesis MP stereo sound input jack is for connecting an
external microphone or a line-level source. The computer provides
sound digitization and recording with 16-bit samples at sample
rates of up to 44.1 KHz and supports Apple Computer’s speech
synthesis and recognition software.
The sound input jack is a stereo mini-phone jack with an additional
contact to supply power to an Apple microphone. The sound input
jack accepts either the Apple PlainTalk line-level microphone or a
pair of line-level signals by way of a separate adapter.
The sound input jack has the following electrical characteristics:
• Input impedance: 8000 W
• Maximum level: 2 V rms
• Maximum gain: 22.5 dB
∆
!
• Signal-to-noise ratio: 82 dB
Note:
The Apple PlainTalk microphone requires power from the main computer, which it obtains by way of an extra-long, 4-conductor plug that
makes contact with a 5-volt pin inside the sound input jack.
Sound Output Jack
The Genesis MP stereo sound output jack is for connecting external powered speakers or other line-level devices. The sound output jack is a stereo mini-phone jack. Inserting a plug into the jack
disconnects the internal speaker.
The sound output jack is a standard mini-phone jack; it has the following electrical characteristics:
• Output impedance: 37 W
• Maximum level: 0.9 V rms
• Maximum attenuation: 22.5 dB
• Frequency response: 20 Hz to 20 kHz, plus or minus 2 dB
• Harmonic distortion plus noise: less than 0.05 percent at 1 V
rms input
∆
!
Genesis MP
• Signal to noise ratio: 85 dB; no audible discrete tones
Note:
Crosstalk degrades from –80 dB to –32 dB when 32 Ω headphones are connected.
Appendix A
◆ 71
Appendix B
Internal Connections
This appendix describes the RAM, VRAM, cache and I/O features
of the Genesis MP and the interfaces for internal I/O devices.
Follow these guidelines when handling, disconnecting, or connecting the system:
• When connecting or disconnecting a cable, always hold the
cable by its connector (the plug, not the cord).
• Always turn off the system and all of its components prior to
connecting or disconnecting any cables or when adding or
removing any component. Failure to do so could seriously
damage these assemblies and/or the system. Additionally,
electric currents can cause damage to oneself or even loss
of life.
• Never force a connector into a port. If the connector and port
do not join with ease, they may not match, or may be in need
of repair. Ensure the connector matches the port and that the
connector is correctly aligned to its pin assignments. Also
check to ensure that none of the pins are bent.
The Internal SCSI Bus
The internal SCSI bus is terminated by a 110 Ω passive terminator.
This terminator is located on the main logic board near the internal
chassis connector (contains signals for internal CD-ROM drive).
The internal CD-ROM drive does not include a terminator, but the
hard drive does include the termination for the end of the bus.
For pinouts on internal SCSI connectors, see the table SCSI
Connector Pin Assignments in Appendix A.
Internal Hard Disk Drive
Genesis MP has one internal hard disk drive. This drive is connected to the internal SCSI hard disk connector.
The internal end of the SCSI bus is terminated by a 110 Ω passive
terminator. This terminator is located on the main logic board near
the portion of the internal chassis connector which contains the
signals for the internal CD-ROM drive. The internal CD-ROM does
not include a terminator.
Genesis MP
Appendix B
◆ 73
CD ROM Drive
Genesis MP has CD-ROM drive, that supports worldwide standards and specifications for CD-ROM and CD-digital audio discs.
This drive can read CD-ROM, CD-XA, CD-I, PhotoCD Discs, and
Standard CD Audio Discs
The CD-ROM drive features a quad-speed mechanism that supports sustained data transfer rates of 600 KB per second and a
data buffer to further enhance performance.
The Floppy Disk Drive
Genesis MP has one internal high-density floppy disk drive. This
drive is connected to a 20-pin connector. The table lists the Floppy
Disk Connector pin assignments.
Floppy Disk Connector Pin Assignments
74 ◆ Appendix B
Pin Signal Name
Signal Description
1
GND
Ground
2
PH0
Phase 0: state control line
3
GND
Ground
4
PH1
Phase 1: state control line
5
GND
Ground
6
PH2
Phase 2: state control line
7
GND
Ground
8
PH3
Phase 3: register write strobe
9
n.c.
Not Connected
10
/WRREQ
11
+5V
+5 volts
12
SEL
Head select
13
+12V
+12 volts
14
/ENBL
Drive enable
15
+12V
+12 volts
16
RD
Read data
17
+12V
+12 volts
18
WR
Write data
19
+12V
+21 volts
20
n.c.
Write data request
Not connected
Genesis MP
RAM DIMM Connectors
Genesis MP has 12 or 8 DIMMs/expansion slots. These RAM
expansion slots accept an 8-byte DIMM and have a 64-bit-wide
data bus.
A minimum of one RAM DIMM must be present for the Genesis
MP to operate. The 8-byte DIMMs can be installed one or more at
a time. If the software detects two DIMMs that are the same size
in corresponding slots, they will be configured as one single 128bit data bus, thus increasing performance. For a 128-bit bus, both
DIMMs in a pair must have the same address mode.
VRAM DIMM Connectors (3 slot Genesis MP)
The 3 slot Genesis MP has 4 VRAM DIMMs/expansion slots.
These VRAM RAM expansion slots accept 1 MB VRAM DIMMs
that are 32-bit-wide, 112-pin fast-paged mode, with 70ns RAM
access times or faster.
VRAM DIMMs must be installed in pairs, allowing for either 2 or 4
MB of total VRAM.
Cache Connector (3 slot Genesis MP)
The 3 slot Genesis MP has an expansion slot for a Level 2 (L2) or
secondary cache DIMM. Cache DIMMs are available in sizes from
256K to 4 MB.
Although many third party vendors provide cache DIMMs for
Apple’s 3 slot PCI motherboards, not all of these caches are compatible with the Genesis MP. Contact DayStar Technical Support
for a list of recommended cache DIMM vendors.
Genesis MP
Appendix B
◆ 75
Appendix C
Voltage Readings
Voltage measurement can help isolate the cause of a malfunction.
Usually if power supply voltage as measured at the test points is
out of tolerance, but is readable on the meter, suspect the power
supply as the cause of the problem.
If no voltage appears, or voltage appears intermittently, a shorted
or open cable, malfunctioning peripheral or the power supply may
be the cause.
∆
!
∆
!
Genesis MP
CAUTION
If you suspect a short circuit in a cable or peripheral, it is imperative that the short circuit be removed before installing replacement
parts and powering the unit up. Failure to remove a short circuit
may cause damage to the replacement parts or greater damage to
the unit when power is applied.
IMPORTANT
In testing, do not neglect the obvious: Is the unit plugged into a
live wall outlet? Is AC power reaching the power supply? Is the
monitor getting power? If you cannot boot the system from the
keyboard power-on switch, make sure both ends of the keyboard
cable are securely plugged in.
Appendix C
◆ 77
nPOWER 3.3v Supply
Pins 1, 2, 3 - Purple - 3.3v
Pins 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 - Black - Ground
Measuring nPOWER 3.3v supply
PURPLE/BLACK = 3.3 VDC
+/-
.2 VDC
Hard Drive Power Cable
Pin 1 - Orange - 12 VDC
Pins 2, 3 - Black - Ground
Pin 4 - Red - 5 VDC
Metering drive power cable
78 ◆ Appendix C
ORANGE/BLACK =
12 VDC
+/-
.7 VDC
RED/BLACK =
5 VDC
+/-
.3 VDC
Genesis MP
Motherboard 3.3v Supply
Pins 1-4 - Purple - 3.3 VDC
Pin 5 - Brown
Pins 6-9 - Black - Ground
Pin 10 - White
Measuring motherboard 3.3v supply
PURPLE/BLACK = 3.3 VDC
+/-
.2 VDC
Motherboard Main Power Supply
Pins 1-4, 13-16 - Red - 5 VDC
Pins 5-9, 17-20 - Black - Ground
Pin 10 - n.c.
Pin 11 - Blue - -12 VDC
Pin 12 - Yellow - Trickle 5 VDC
Pin 21 - White
Pin 22 - Orange - 12 VDC
Measuring motherboard
main power supply
RED/BLACK =
5V
+/-
ORANGE/BLACK = 12V
+/-
.7
BLUE/BLACK =
-12V +/-
.3
1.2
YELLOW/BLACK = trickle 5V +/- .3
Genesis MP
Appendix C
◆ 79
Battery
Metering battery
BATTERY
3.6 VDC
+/-
.4 VDC
Set the voltmeter to the 10 volts DC scale. Next, hold the positive
probe of the voltmeter to the positive end of the battery (marked
“+” on the logic board) and the negative probe to the negative end
of the battery.
If the battery voltage is below 3.2 volts, replace the battery. Refer
to Chapter 1 of this guide for battery disposal procedures.
80 ◆ Appendix C
Genesis MP
Download PDF