Audio Authority | 1311 | User guide | Audio Authority 1311 User guide

Universal Host is covered by a 2-year warranty to be free
from defective workmanship and materials. In the event that
the Universal Host needs repair, you must call us to get an
authorization, and then carefully pack and ship it to us. You
will pay for shipping to us and we will pay for return back to
you, UPS ground. No free repairs will be made if the defect
was caused by misuse, weather conditions, or other cause,
except for defective workmanship or materials. THERE ARE
Universal Host
Desktop Digital Hybrid
User Guide
JK Audio, Inc. 1311 E 6th Street, Sandwich, IL 60548 USA
Voice: (815) 786-2929 Toll Free: 800-JK-Audio
Fax: 815-786-8502
Copyright © 2010 JK Audio, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
JK Audio
FCC Registration (continued)
Universal Host will allow you to send and receive audio through
your multi-line PBX, ISDN, VoIP or analog telephone. While this
may seem like a simple task that any telephone can do, the
challenge is getting the best quality audio from such a limited audio
path. The USB feature will function as a remote sound card when
connected to your computer, eliminating the need for another audio
interface with more cables and level adjustments. No additional
software drivers are needed for the USB audio interface.
What is a Digital Hybrid?
The Universal Host digital hybrid connects audio signals to and
from the handset side of a telephone without the variations in
quality found with analog hybrids. The main function of a hybrid is
to bring in the caller’s voice from the phone line as clear and clean
as possible. In the real world, when you send your voice down the
telephone line it has a tendency to bleed over into the caller’s
audio. The hybrid must adapt to the audio signals from the
telephone in order to properly separate transmit and receive audio.
We use a 16 bit DSP (Digital Signal Processor) to continuously
monitor the phone line and local audio signals to deliver excellent
trans-hybrid loss, also known as separation. Our dual-convergence
algorithm can achieve excellent separation, typically exceeding
50 dB.
Ready to go?
The Universal Host controls and connectors are clearly marked
and ready for operation. The Features diagrams and Operation
sections on the following pages will help you pinpoint any minor
questions that you may have. If this is your first exposure to a
hybrid, we suggest that you read the entire manual to allow you to
take advantage of all these features.
Any Questions?
Before you pick up the phone... Please thumb through the rest of
this manual. You might find those deep technical questions are
covered on later pages.
b) The telephone equipment's FCC registration number. This
can be found on the bottom of your telephone equipment,
c) The ringer equivalence number (REN) for this equipment.
The REN is used to determine the quantity of devices which will
be connected to the telephone line. Excessive RENs on the
telephone line may result in the devices not ringing in response
to an incoming call. In most, but not all areas, the sum of the
RENs should not exceed 5.0. To be certain of the number of
devices that may be connected to the line, as determined by the
total RENs, contact the local telephone company.
3. Repair Instructions
If it is determined that your telephone equipment is
malfunctioning, the FCC requires that it not be used and that it
be unplugged from the modular outlet until the problem has
been corrected. Repairs to this telephone equipment can only
be made by the manufacturer or its authorized agents or by
others who may be authorized by the FCC.
For repair
procedures, follow the instructions outlined under the warranty
section of the manual.
4. Rights of the telephone company
If telephone equipment is causing harm to the network, the
telephone company may temporarily discontinue your telephone
service. If possible, they'll notify you before they interrupt
service. If advanced notice isn't practical, you'll be notified as
soon as possible. You'll be given the opportunity to correct the
problem, and you'll be informed of your right to file a complaint
with the FCC.
Your telephone company may make changes in its facilities,
equipment, operations or procedures that could affect the
proper functioning of your JK Audio product. If such changes
are planned, you'll be notified by your telephone company.
FCC Part 15 Compliance
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a
commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and
can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment
in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which
case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own
Handset Button - Press this button to use the handset as if you
were on a normal telephone call.
Online Button - Press this button to disable the handset and
activate the Universal Host for use as a digital hybrid.
FCC Registration
Your new JK Audio product has been registered with the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC). This product complies with
the standards in Part 68 of the FCC rules.
Send 1 Level - Adjusts the signal level that you are sending
down the telephone line, through the female XLR input.
Send 2 Level - Adjusts the signal level that you are sending
down the telephone line, through the 3.5mm mini jack input.
Caller Level - Adjusts the level of the signal coming in from the
telephone line, as it is going out the output jacks.
Headphone Level - Adjusts the signal level coming from the
3.5mm front panel headphone jack.
Hybrid/USB - Selects audio heard at the headphone output.
Headphones - The 3.5mm stereo headphone jack contains
either a mix of both the Send input audio and the Caller audio
when the button is in the Hybrid position or stereo audio from
the USB port with the button in the USB position.
ON LED - Lit when you are on line with a call using the hybrid.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by JK Audio can
void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
1. Connection and use with the nationwide telephone
The FCC requires that you connect this telephone equipment
to the national telephone network through a USOC RJ-11C
modular telephone jack.
This equipment may not be used with Party Line Service or
Coin Telephone Lines.
This equipment is hearing aid compatible.
2. Information for the telephone company
Upon request from your local telephone company, you are
required to provide the following information:
a) The "line" to which you will connect the telephone equipment
(that is, your telephone number), and
10. Send LEDs - Displays the signal level going to the phone line.
11. Power LED - Lit when unit is plugged in and receiving power.
12. Receive LEDs - Displays the signal level coming from the
telephone, after the DSP. This signal level will not change
when you adjust the Caller knob.
Features (continued)
Block Diagram
17 18 19 20
12. Handset Jack - Connect your telephone handset to this jack.
13. Phone Jack - Connect this jack to the handset jack on your
telephone using the supplied handset jumper cable.
14. Handset Type Selector Switch - Use this switch to select the
correct type of handset microphone that your telephone uses.
A=Electret, B=Carbon, C=Dynamic
15. Caller Output - Male balanced XLR output contains only the
caller’s voice.
16. Send 1 Input - Female balanced XLR input for audio going into
the phone line. Mic or line level input.
17. Mic / Line switch - Sets the front end sensitivity of the Send 1
XLR jack. Set to Mic if you intend to connect a dynamic
microphone directly to the Send 1 jack. Set to Line if you are
connecting to the output of a mic mixer.
18. USB port - for bi-directional audio connection to your computer
or other equipment.
19. Send 2 Mono Input - 3.5mm mono mini jack input for signals
going into the phone line. Line level.
20. Stereo Output - 3.5 mm stereo mini jack output contains Send
and Caller audio determined by the Send 1 and Send 2 levels
and the Caller level controls. Left channel contains your local
Send audio mixed with audio from the USB connector and
right channel contains the Caller's audio from the phone line.
21. Power Jack - For connection only to the supplied 9 VDC
regulated power supply only.
15 mV RMS (-34 dBu nom)
For a direct connection to Universal Host:
• Handset cable - Connect the supplied RJ-22 handset cable
between the jack marked "Phone" on the back of Universal Host
and to the handset jack on the base of your telephone.
Mic/Line pad switch = +6 dBu max
• Handset - Connect your telephone handset to the RJ-22 jack on
Send 1:
Send 2:
Balanced Female XLR, 1k ohms,
3.5mm mono, 20k ohm, 250 mV RMS
(-10 dBu nom)
Male XLR, 200 ohms, 500 mV RMS
-4 dBu nom, +14 dBu max, Caller only
3.5mm stereo, 50 ohm, 250 mV RMS
(-10 dBu nom), +6 dBu max
Left = Send, Right = Caller
3.5mm stereo, 8 ohms, 1/2 watt per
channel, mixed send and receive
Mini Type B female
v 2.0
Sampling Rates:
32 kHz, 44.1 kHz, 48 kHz
Signal Processing:
16 Bit stereo
the back of the Universal Host marked "Handset".
• Send Audio - Connect a dynamic microphone cable to the Send
1 jack on the Universal Host. Be sure to set the Mic/Line switch
to the “Mic” position.
• Connect the USB port to your computer or other device to either
bring additional local audio into the hybrid or deliver live audio
out for recording or streaming.
• Output - Connect a stereo cable from the mini jack “Stereo Out”
on the Universal Host to the “Line Input” on your desktop PC
sound card, mini disk recorder or other equipment.
• Power - Connect the supplied DC power supply to the back of
the Universal Host and then to an AC power outlet.
• Place a test call to a quiet location. Set the “A-B-C” switch on
Universal Host for best audio. Set the “Send” level control so
that while you are speaking into the microphone, the Send LEDs
on the hybrid light the -20 dB green LED consistently and flash
the -9 dB green LED. If you flash the -3 dB red LED, lower the
level. Set the “Caller” control for good recording level of the
caller audio at the output jack.
Phone Line:
Aux Phone:
Phone Line:
1500 VAC
0.5B REN
Set to
Frequency Response: Telephone side 200 Hz - 3600 Hz
120-240 VAC power supply (included)
7" x 6" x 1.6" (18 x 15 x 4.2 cm)
2.2 pounds (1 kg)
Connection (continued)
To connect Universal Host through a mixer—Mix Minus Setup
? Why does my laptop only record half of the conversation? I
How do I record onto my computer and edit the files?
If your computer does not already have something, you will
need to purchase or download any audio editing software of
your choice to record and edit audio files. You may also need to
adjust some settings in the audio configuration files on your
computer or in your software to allow recording in stereo.
Does Universal Host come with any Talk Show software?
No, our description "Turn your PBX into a low cost talk show
system" pertains to using a multi-line PBX phone system as a
line selector switch. When the Universal Host is on line, simply
select which phone line you want to talk to, either dropping the
last caller, or putting them back on hold.
Do I need any software drivers for the USB interface?
No, the USB interface is plug and play compatible.
Why is there a Send 2 mini-jack on the back of my Universal
This is a second line level input to Universal Host. Here you can
connect another device, such as a CD player or the output of
your personal audio player to add audio to the conversation.
This enables you to play background music or other sound bites
during your discussion. Do not connect a microphone to this
jack. This is a mono input. If you connect a stereo output here
such as a Line Out from your audio player, you will receive only
Left channel audio on this jack.
Connect Aux (or FX) Send on
mixer to Send 1 on Universal
Host, Mic/Line button out (Line)
Connect Caller to any
line level input on mixer
Number of microphones
depends on mixer
Use Main Outputs,
USB or Firewire
connectors to
send audio to
recording device
or broadcasting
equipment inputs
For whichever input channel you have the Caller connected to, turn the
corresponding Aux control to minimum (usually hard left). All other Aux
controls should be set for what you want to send to the phone line. Each
Aux Send bus is completely separate from all other outputs, so these Aux
controls will not affect what is heard on the Main outputs or on any other
Aux buses. This Aux Send bus should be pre-fader, so you can use the
fader controls to set the levels of each channel to the main output.
am using the Stereo output on the Universal Host and I
have a stereo cable.
Most laptop computers only have a mic input, which is mono.
You should use the USB connector instead for stereo operation.
Why is there a loud hum on the output of my Universal
Host, even when nothing else is connected?
Make certain you are using the regulated power supply that was
shipped with this unit. Power supplies are not all the same.
• Using balanced XLR cables (not included) with 1/4” TRS adapt-
Will Universal Host work with my phone system?
Probably yes. The three handset microphone types that we
support, electret, dynamic and carbon, cover every handset
microphone type that we have seen in use, but the wiring in
each phone can change without notice. Universal Host works
with virtually any PBX, ISDN, VoIP or even a plain old analog
telephone as long as the telephone has a standard handset.
Will your digital hybrid provide phantom power for a
condenser mic?
No, this device will not provide phantom power. If you connect
your mic directly to the Universal Host, use a dynamic mic.
Why can't I dial out on my phone and I hear a lot of noise on
the call?
The Universal Host will not work with any telephone that has a
keypad in the handset. You need to use a telephone with a
standard handset.
Can Universal Host auto-answer or auto-disconnect?
No, the handset cord on your phone is only active if the handset
is off-hook. This must be done manually. So there is no way to
auto-disconnect. You must return the handset to the cradle.
I have everything connected correctly. Why can't the caller
hear me?
There are two things you should check: First, the position of the
A-B-C switch which will probably use either setting A or C. Next,
you cannot use the speakerphone function on your telephone
during your recording. Universal Host accesses audio through
the handset cord. With the speakerphone turned on, there is no
audio going through the handset. You must use a microphone.
Can I still use my phone to take regular calls or do I have to
disconnect the Universal Host when I am not using it?
You can leave the Universal Host in place and your telephone
will continue to operate normally. Audio will only pass through
the hybrid when you press the “Online” button.
ers if necessary for your mixer, make all connections as shown.
• On your mixer and on Universal Host, set all controls to nominal
levels, usually 12:00.
• On your mixer, set local microphone channel input gain for good
microphone level.
• On your mixer, set all output faders and the main mix control for
good recording level of the local audio.
• On your mixer, set the headphone level for comfortable listening.
• On your mixer, set the Caller channel input gain to line level, if
there is a selector switch. If there is no line level input and you
must connect the Caller to a Mic in, turn the input gain way down.
• On your mixer, set the Aux control for Caller channel only to mini-
mum (zero or ∞). Aux controls for all other channels should initially be set at 12:00. Set Aux Send Master for good overall level.
• Place a test call to a quiet location. Set the A-B-C switch on the
Universal Host for best audio. If the Receive LEDs on the Universal Host are lighting the red –3 dB, use the controls on the base
of your telephone to reduce the incoming Caller volume.
• On your mixer, set the Aux Send control so that while you are
speaking into the microphone the Send LEDs on the hybrid light
the -20 dB green LED consistently and flash the -9 dB green
LED. An occasional flash of the -3 dB red LED is acceptable. If
the red LED stays on, lower the level.
• If you need to adjust the Caller level, first set the caller channel
input gain on the mixer, then adjust the Caller knob on the hybrid.
Mix-Minus Setup
A mix-minus signal is an audio signal that contains a mix of your
local microphones plus any other audio, minus the Caller's own
voice. Sending the Caller’s own audio back to the Universal Host
through Send 1 will cause an echo, or feedback.
If your mixer does not have an Aux Send bus, you can achieve the
same results using Pan controls with the Left and Right outputs.
Simply pan the Caller to the Right output. Then connect only the
Left output to the Universal Host Send 1. Or, you may use an
external Mix-Minus box that will create this signal for you.
Operation (continued)
Operation (continued)
Telephone Handset
Universal Host will disable the microphone in the telephone handset when you press the Broadcast button. Use your telephone to
place or screen a call. When you are ready to take the call on
Universal Host, simply press the Broadcast button. Universal Host
will automatically release the Hold (if Hold is used). Make sure
you do not put the telephone handset back in it's cradle while
you are on a call. This will still drop the call. Do not disconnect
or remove the handset during your call as this will change the
input impedance from the phone line and change the audio level.
Send Signal Level
The Send LEDs display the signal level as it goes out to the phone
line. The goal is to drive the phone line at high enough levels to be
heard well at the other end, but not so loud as to cause excessive
clipping. Adjust the Send level control so that you occasionally see
flashes of the red -3dB peak Send LED. If the red LED stays lit for
extended periods you should decrease the Send volume control for
the input that is causing the clipping.
To take the call back on your telephone, press the Handset button
on Universal Host. This will disable the Universal Host and
reconnect your handset to the telephone. Your telephone will
operate as a normal telephone anytime you are in Handset mode.
Leaving the hybrid connected to the handset jack on your
telephone will not affect normal use of your telephone. Audio will
only pass through the hybrid when you press the Broadcast button.
Optional Jumper Settings
There is a jumper located inside the Universal Host at J9 that
affects handset operation. The factory default closed position
(jumper covering both pins) disables only the handset microphone
when the Broadcast button is pressed. Changing the jumper to the
open position (either remove the jumper or cover just one pin)
allows you to completely disable both the handset microphone and
the speaker when the Broadcast button is pressed.
If the incoming audio level from your telephone is too high and you
are consistently lighting the red -3dB Receive LED, first try
decreasing the volume using the controls on the base of your
telephone. If you still cannot drop the incoming audio level enough,
you may need to change jumper J10 inside Universal Host. There
are three possible settings to adjust Caller receive level:
Pins 1 & 2 closed = 0 dB (factory default)
Pins 2 & 3 closed = -10 dB
Pins 1-3 left open = -20 dB
To change the jumper settings, first disconnect power from the
Universal Host, then remove the four screws on the bottom that
hold the cover on. Slide the top cover up to remove it and locate
the appropriate jumpers on the printed circuit board.
Caller Signal Level
The Receive LEDs only display the strength of the signal coming in
from the phone line. The Caller level control does not change what
you see on these LEDs. Adjust the Caller level for the best signal
at the output jacks of Universal Host.
A-B-C Selector Switch
Use this switch to select the correct type of handset microphone
your telephone uses. A=Electret, B=Carbon, C=Dynamic. Trial and
error seems to work best in determining which handset type to use.
Your Universal Host will only function correctly if the handset type
selector switch is in the correct position. This switch changes
signal level, impedance, and wiring to accommodate the
differences in handset microphone types.
Although not conclusive, the following guidelines may help:
Many AT&T®, SW Bell® and Sony® telephones have electret type
microphones and will use the "A" position.
Only older telephones that have the round "screw on" type
handsets contain carbon microphones and use the "B" position.
Many Radio Shack®, Panasonic®, Nortel® and some newer AT&T®
phones have dynamic microphone types and use the "C" position.
USB Connector
Using the cable provided, you can connect this USB port to your
computer or other audio device. This will enable you to send stereo
audio to your computer or other recording device with your local
audio on the left channel and the caller on the right. You can also
use the USB port to play audio from your computer to the phone
caller, but it will not be sent to the Caller XLR output jack. It will be
mixed with your Send audio on the stereo mini output. You can
send and receive audio at the same time through the USB port.
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