Caple CM 107 Specifications

Caple CM 107 Specifications
SG-231
Smartuner
®
Microprocessor Controlled Automatic Antenna Coupler
Installation and Operations Manual
Getting the most from every watt of HF-SSB Power
SG-231 Smartuner TM
S G - 23 1
Specifications
Slim Design with Simple Mounting
Frequency
Ranges:
The SG-231 is a slim design that
will easily fit in the most compact
installations. The unit measures only
11.5D x 9.5W x 1.7H inches,
and weighs 3.8 lbs. The SG-231 is
waterproof and is designed to be
mounted at the antenna feed point for
maximum efficiency. Easily configured for tower mounting.
Power Input
Range:
3 to 100 watts (PEP)
Input Impedence
Range:
45 to 55ohms
VSWR:
DC Input
Requirement:
Antenna Applications:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
End-fed wires
Center-fed dipoles
Inverted “L”s
Loops
Mobile whips
Vee Beam
Many others
SGC SMARTUNER Family
TM
SG-237
SG-230
SG-230
SG-237
SG-235
SG-231
1.8-60 MHz
3 to 100watts
1.6 - 30 MHz
3 to 500watts
1 - 60 MHz
3 - 100 watts
The SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th Street,
P.O. Box 3526, Bellevue, WA 98009 USA
No Compromise
Communications
Phone: 425-746-6310 1-800-259-7331 FAX: 425-746-6384 425-746-7173
E-mail: [email protected] www.sgcworld.com
© Copyright November 2000 SGC, Inc.
Typical less than 1:1.4
+13.6VDC
Input Current: Average-.9 amps
Random Set
Times:
Recurrent Set
Times:
Non-volatile
Memory
Addresses:
Antenna
Length:
SG-235
SG-231
1.6 - 30 MHz
3 to 200watts
1 to 60MHz
Typical- less than
4 seconds
Typical-less than 10
milliseconds
170 BINS
Min. length 8 ft.,
3.5 to 60 MHz
Min. length 23 ft.,
1 to 60 MHz
Installation:
Any position
Operating
Temperature:
-35° to +70° C
Environmental: Waterproof at
immersion of 1
meter for 24 hours
Size Overall:
11.5D x 9.5W x 1.7H
29.2D x 24.1W x
4.32 H centimeters
Weight:
3.8 pounds
(1.6 kilos)
Case
Construcion:
Plastic ABS
weatherproof case
Cable:
10 ft. Power Cable
10 ft. RG-58 coax
cable with PL259
connectors
SG-231
ANTENNA
COUPLER
Installation and Operations Manual
Updated: November 2000
CAUTION: Carefully read the “Quick Start” on the following page and all
pertinent sections of this manual prior to operating your Smartuner for the first
time. This unit will provide outstanding service if you follow the detailed
recommendations within this manual.
SG-231 MANUAL
Quick Start Guide
To quickly install your antenna coupler you will need the following:
1. An HF/VHF radio with 3 to 100 watts output.
2. An HF antenna with a wire feed (not coax fed).
Minimum length of 7 feet (to 3.5 MHz) or 23 feet (1.8 MHz).
3. A good ground (counterpoise) for the antenna and coupler.
4. +12 VDC and ground for the coupler.
5. SmartLock Pro coupler controller (optional).
Connections:
Connect the Smartuner as shown in the following diagram:
GROUND (Counterpoise)
TO TRANSMITTER (3 to 100 w)
Single Wire
RG-58 COAX
ANTENNA
Orange : Option A
Violet : Option B
Brown: Not used
Blue : Reset
White : Hold (Locks coupler settings)
Green : Tuned Indicator
Black : DC Ground
Red : +12 to 15 VDC
To SmartLock
Pro optional
Operation:
1. Turn on Radio. Apply +12 VDC power to the coupler.
2. As power is applied, coupler should make one “click” sound.
3. Coupler should come up in the bypass (un-tuned) state.
4. To tune, speak normally, whistle or use CW (CW is recommended).
5. Tuning should be done at full power. Clicking is heard.
6. When tuned, clicking stops and Green wire goes low.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.sgcworld.com
i
SG-231 MANUAL
Table of Contents
Quick Start Guide......................................................................................................... i
1.0 General Information............................................................................................... 1
1.1 Users Experience ........................................................................................ 1
1.2 What Is an Antenna Coupler .................................................................... 1
1.3 Overall Description .................................................................................... 2
1.4 Coupler Network Configuration ............................................................. 3
1.5 Operation Indicators.................................................................................. 4
1.6 Mechanical Design ..................................................................................... 4
1.6.1 Marine Mounting ........................................................................ 5
1.6.2 Desert and High Temperature Installations............................ 5
1.6.3 Direct Weather Protection Installations ................................... 5
1.7 Remote Installations................................................................................... 6
1.8 Upgrade Sequence...................................................................................... 7
2.0 Specifications………………………………………………………………………7
2.1 Accessories .................................................................................................. 7
2.2 Recommended Antennas .......................................................................... 8
3.0 Parts and Technical Support................................................................................. 8
3.1 Parts Furnished........................................................................................... 8
3.2 User Supplied Items................................................................................... 8
3.3 Technical Support....................................................................................... 8
4.0 Antenna Types........................................................................................................ 9
4.1 Antenna Selection....................................................................................... 9
4.2 Whip Antenna............................................................................................. 10
4.3 Long wire Antenna .................................................................................... 10
4.4 Back Stay Antenna ..................................................................................... 11
4.5 Typical Installations ................................................................................... 11
4.6 Apartment Loop Antenna......................................................................... 18
4.7 Recreational Vehicle (RV) Antennas ....................................................... 19
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.sgcworld.com
ii
SG-231 MANUAL
4.8 Aircraft Antennas…………………………………………………………20
4.9 Low Profile, Hidden and Covert Antennas............................................ 21
4.10 Emergency Antennas............................................................................... 23
4.10.1 Kite Antenna .............................................................................. 23
4.10.2 Tactical Installations.................................................................. 23
5.0 General Notes on Antennas and Couplers ......................................................... 24
5.1 Steps to Antenna Installation.................................................................... 25
5.2 Antenna Location ....................................................................................... 26
5.3 Ground Systems—General ....................................................................... 27
5.3.1 Vehicle Grounds .......................................................................... 27
5.3.2 Marine Grounds .......................................................................... 27
5.3.3 Base Station Grounds.................................................................. 29
5.4 Corrosion .................................................................................................... 29
5.5 Antenna Coupler Mounting ..................................................................... 30
5.6 Antenna Connection .................................................................................. 30
6.0 Installation Procedures.......................................................................................... 30
6.1 Installation with SG-2000 .......................................................................... 31
6.2 Installation on ALINCO DX-70 ................................................................ 31
6.3 Installation on other Radios...................................................................... 32
6.4 SmartLock Pro Installation ....................................................................... 32
6.5 Weatherdeck Mounting............................................................................. 33
6.6 Electrical Checkout..................................................................................... 34
6.7 Alternate Electrical Checkout................................................................... 35
7.0 Coupler Configuration……………………………………………………………37
7.1 Schematic Diagrams................................................................................... 37
7.2 Tuning Process............................................................................................ 37
7.3 Impedance Detector ................................................................................... 38
7.4 VSWR Detector ........................................................................................... 38
7.5 Phase Detector ............................................................................................ 38
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.sgcworld.com
iii
SG-231 MANUAL
7.6 Central Processing Unit (CPU)................................................................. 38
7.7 Initialization ................................................................................................ 39
7.8 Bypass Operation, Jumpers ...................................................................... 39
8.0 Tuning Process........................................................................................................ 40
8.1 Program Description.................................................................................. 41
8.2 Tuning Paths ............................................................................................... 42
8.2.1 Antenna Too Short ...................................................................... 42
8.2.2 Antenna Too Long ...................................................................... 43
8.2.3 JP1—Tuning Elements Out During Receive............................ 44
8.2.4 Jp2—Tune From Memory .......................................................... 44
9.0 Smartlock Pro Operation....................................................................................... 45
9.1 Tune, Tune Lock, and Reset...................................................................... 45
9.2 Smartlock Pro Notes .................................................................................. 45
10.0 Troubleshooting ................................................................................................... 45
10.1 Ground Faults ........................................................................................... 46
10.2 Antenna Faults.......................................................................................... 47
10.3 Transmitter Faults .................................................................................... 48
10.4 A Final Pointer on Troubleshooting ...................................................... 49
11.0 Index....................................................................................................................... 50
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.sgcworld.com
iv
SG-231 MANUAL
1
1.0 General Information
The Smartuner™ reputation has grown to legend status because it is simple to use and a
highly reliable piece of electronic equipment. A Smartuner will provide maximum
transfer of radio energy from any HF/VHF transmitter to any loop, end or center fed
HF antenna within the frequency and power limits of its specifications. The SG-231
builds upon the renowned reputation of the SG-230 by adding many advanced features,
among them: a new, highly technological micro controller which has built in A/D
functions, non-volatile memory; improved immunity to RF interference; improved
tuning precision; and the ability to be used on 6 meters.
This document is designed to guide the SG-231 Smartuner user through installation and
operation of the unit. This document will also recommend various steps that may be
undertaken in the field to provide correct operation of the SG-231 should difficulty be
encountered. Smartuners are extraordinarily reliable. But you should be aware that
there are scores of fine points to any HF/VHF installation that are easily overlooked
and may cause difficulty. Our goal in this manual is to help you quickly obtain the best
possible performance from your HF radio installation. By reading this manual
carefully, you can avoid most of the pitfalls that can degrade the performance of your
HF system.
1.1 Users Experience
The Smartuner may be installed successfully by anyone with the help of this manual.
However, if you are inexperienced in HF radio installation and operation, do not be shy
about seeking advice from people with more experience than yourself. They will help
you achieve good results quickly and with minimum frustration. Even the most
experienced professional HF users will occasionally run into difficulty.
Regardless of the level of your experience, SGC stands ready to offer you installation
suggestions and help you resolve any aspect of Smartuner operation that is not entirely
satisfactory. If you have a specific question, please send us a fax at our Bellevue,
Washington (USA) headquarters. The number is (425) 746-6384. If you require
telephone assistance, please call us at (425) 746-6310 during business hours, 8:00 A.M. to
5:00 P.M. Pacific Time.
1.2 What Is an Antenna Coupler?
Antenna “couplers” are placed at the antenna and precisely match conditions of the
antenna to the feed line. Antenna “tuners,” on the other hand, are generally located at
the transmitter output at the radio end of the coaxial feed line. Do not be confused by
the term “coupler” or “tuner.”
• A tuner placed at the transmitter fools a transmitter into working correctly.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 MANUAL
2
• A coupler installed at the antenna eliminates feed line losses by providing a
proper match of the antenna to the feed line. The Smartuner is a true antenna
coupler.
The several key points, which we will emphasize throughout this manual, will result in
the best possible operation of your Smartuner. These include:
• The coupler must be located at the antenna.
• No coax may be connected to the coupler output.
• The coupler must have clean +12 VDC power supplied to it.
• The ground system must always be larger than the antenna.
• The antenna wire should be of the largest gauge practical.
• Capacitance at the coupler output must be minimal.
• The antenna should be of sufficient length for your lowest operating frequency.
Strictly observing these basic rules will insure good operations under the widest range
of conditions.
This manual should be thoroughly studied if you plan to have the best possible signal
and most reliable operation of your HF system.
Please make note of the following information for your records:
Date unit was purchased: _____________________________________________
Dealer from whom Purchased: _________________________________________
Date Installed: ______________________________________________________
Type of Antenna used: _______________________________________________
1.3 Overall Description
The SG-231 is a general-purpose coupler that can operate with any type of radio and
almost any type of antenna configuration. The coupler network configuration is of a pi
or L type; sensors continually monitor the state of the tuning and relay this information
to the processor.
The initial (first time) tuning may take several milliseconds to a few seconds depending
on the complexity of the tuning process for a specific antenna configuration. After
tuning the first time for a specific frequency and antenna, this information is entered in
the non-volatile computer memory that will store up to 170 tuning solutions.
When the same conditions are encountered again, re-tuning is accomplished within 20
milliseconds by recalling the information from the non-volatile memory. Special
software has been designed by SGC to allow accurate and fine-tuning of the coupler.
For software description, refer to the MicroTune™ section of the manual.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 MANUAL
SMARTUNER
10 feet (3 meters)
To Transmitter
RF cable
To SmartLock Pro
(side view)
Wire antenna
3
PL-259
Control cable
Large Ground (counterpoise) system
Red: 12-15 VDC
Black: DC Gnd
Grn: Tuned
Blue: Reset
Wht: Hold
Not used
Brn: VHF
Diagram of Smartuner Installation
Grey: SIG A
Orange: Option A
Violet: Option B
If antenna or transmitter conditions have changed since the information was stored in
memory, the coupler re-tunes and a new tuning solution is achieved. This new
information is stored to memory for future reference. The Smartuner will always look
for the best possible tuning solution and will improve existing tuning solutions whenever
possible.
The SG-231 may be bypassed and your antenna used as a broadband receiving antenna.
To do this, turn off the power to the coupler for two seconds and then turn it back on, or
simply press the reset button on the SmartLock Pro. In this situation, the coupler is
reset to stand-by waiting for the first RF power to be transmitted before providing a
tuning solution. In the stand-by mode, the antenna bypasses tuning elements and
connects the antenna directly to the receiver with no tuning elements engaged. This
allows for receiving signals throughout the HF range.
The coupler will cease to operate normally if input voltage drops below 10.5 VDC. This
situation may occur if a marginal battery is used or if you are transmitting at high
power with an inadequate power supply or battery. Batteries must be fully charged for
proper operation. Large gauge wiring to the transmitter and coupler must be used to
avoid re-tuning.
If broadband operation is required during scanning operations, jumper JP-1 on the
printed circuit board inside the coupler may be set to the “YES” mode. This will bypass
tuning elements on receive. Jumper JP-1 is located along the edge of the printed circuit
board near U2.
In some cases, it may be desirable to re-tune the coupler and bypass the memory
information. If you wish to bypass the recalled tuning solutions, place jumper JP-2, also
located near U2, to the “NO” position.
1.4 Coupler Network Configuration
The coupler network configuration is designed with 128 different input capacitor
values, 64 output capacitor values, and 512 inductor values, thus providing about a four
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 MANUAL
4
million different pi or L configurations. The coupler requires an input of 5 to 100 watts
to operate. The unit operates on +12 VDC.
1.5 Operation Indicators
Operational status of the coupler and the onboard computer’s tuning decisions is
displayed by five LED's, which are located on the main printed circuit board (PCB).
These indicators are only visible when the cover of the coupler is removed. These five
LED's are not designed to be interpreted by other than factory and trained service
personnel.
CAUTION:
Dangerous high voltages exist inside the Smartuner when it is operated
with an HF transmitter. High RF voltages in excess of 10 kv may be
expected in normal operation of this unit. In addition to shock hazard,
these RF voltages may produce burns that are very painful if you come
in contact with exposed components. Therefore, DO NOT operate
without the cover secured in place unless you are a well experienced
radio technician or engineer.
As a matter of good installation and engineering practice, exposed metal
antenna elements should be located in such a manner as to prevent
accidental contact with people (especially young children), pets, and
small animals.
1.6 Mechanical Design
The SG-231 is supplied in a weatherproof case with mounting holes. RF and DC power
is supplied to the unit through the separate cables. One cable is a 10 foot 50 ohm coax
for RF. The other is a 10 foot 8 conductor cable with wires for ground, power, optional
SmartLock controls, and optional LED indicator.
The SG-231 antenna coupler’s weatherproof case is designed to withstand the
environmental conditions encountered aboard ship when mounted on the
weatherdecks. The internal construction is designed to withstand the shock and
vibration of marine service. Corrosion-resistant hardware and passive alloys are
employed throughout. We do not recommend opening the Smartuner case unless it is
necessary. For 99% of installations, the factory settings for jumpers will be correct. The
coupler must be installed in an area not directly exposed to the sunshine or rain.
Should you have occasion to open the case, it must be re-sealed under low humidity
(below 35%) and care used to ensure the gasket that seals the unit is placed properly
to maintain watertight integrity of the unit.
Although the Smartuner is built very solidly, it is good installation practice to provide
additional protection from the elements. SGC makes the following recommendations:
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 MANUAL
5
1.6.1 Marine Mounting
The Smartuner should be located inside the house or under the aft lazaret on a sailboat.
On powerboats, the coupler may be mounted outside, but an additional protective
housing is recommended. The preferred installation if vertical is with the RF screw
pointing upward.
RF and DC cables are provided for on the lower edge of the weather housing, along
with a 1/4-20 stainless steel ground stud. The antenna connects to the screw on the top
of the weather housing.
The SG-231 may be mounted in any position including inverted without any
degradation of performance.
1.6.2 Desert and High Temperature Installations
The Smartuner may be used in very hot climates on a continuous basis if some
additional protection from direct sunlight is provided. The best protection for a mobile
installation is provided by the QMS (Quick Mounting System) that keeps the antenna
coupler outside of a vehicle. Temperatures inside a vehicle may exceed 212°F (100°C).
If a QMS is not used, it is desirable to keep the coupler in the shade if possible. Please
refer to the diagram in the following section.
1.6.3 Direct Weather Protection Installations
We recommend placing the Smartuner under some kind of protective housing other
than having the case directly exposed to sunlight and to prevent heavy build up of ice.
If you are mounting it on a tower in a hot or cold climate, a plastic wastebasket (such as
those made by Rubbermaid™) makes an excellent weather cover and costs only a few
dollars.
Figure 1.6.3.1 Direct Weather Protection
Long wire antenna
Smartuner mounted inside a plastic waste
basket to protect it from extreme heat and
heavy icing. This type of enclosure is widely
available in all countries.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 MANUAL
6
1.6.4 Warranty Note
It is important to have protection from the elements as common weather conditions can
reach beyond the capabilities of the coupler. Although the SG-230 coupler is fully
waterproof and was created to withstand normal weather conditions, warranty will be
voided if left exposed directly to extreme weather such as snow, rain, and ice or prolonged
sun exposure. Even in milder climates, direct and constant sunlight can exceed the safe
operating temperature and can shorten the lifespan of your coupler.
1.7 Remote Installations
The SG-231 is supplied with ten feet of standard RF cable. SGC has two standard
lengths of antenna extension cable available in the event you need to mount the cable
farther than ten feet from the transmitter. A 25-foot extension cable is available (SGC
Part Number 54-67) as is a 50-foot cable (SGC Part Number 54-68).
If you need to install the antenna coupler more than 50 feet from the transmitter site, up
to two extension cables may be used for a total of 75 or 100 feet. However, SGC does
not recommend installing the Smartuner more than 100 feet from the transmitter
because two losses must be considered.
• The first loss in long distance installations is normal attenuation of the radio
signal coming from the antenna to the radio via the coax. As you may be aware,
the longer the coaxial cable run, the higher the loss will be. The amount of loss
depends on frequency. At 2 MHz, the loss is approximately .5 dB, while at 30
MHz the loss in 100 feet of coaxial cable is over 2 dB. This means that a 100-watt
transmitter would actually deliver about 70 watts to the antenna after running
through 100 feet of coax at 30 MHz.
If you are seeking the utmost performance at 30 MHz and you cannot avoid a
run of 100 feet, or longer, we recommend using a larger low loss type of coax
such as RG-8 (foam dielectric) or Belden type 9943 coax. Both of these will
reduce attenuation to less than 1 dB per 100 feet. However, this heavier cable is
harder to work with and may be quite expensive.
• The second loss which must be considered involves the losses in the DC power
and reset control line. At any distance other than the 10-foot cable that is
supplied by SGC, we recommend that the DC voltage at the antenna coupler be
measured, because if the coupler voltage drops below 10 volts, the coupler may
not operate properly.
For this reason, if distances are great, SGC recommends that the input DC
voltage at the transmitter site be adjusted to provide for +12 to +14 volts at the
coupler site.
We do specifically advise against use of a different power supply than the one used to
power the radio because of the danger of creating ground loops which may cause
oscillation of the final amplifiers or other undesired side effects. If you decide to use a
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 MANUAL
7
separate power supply mounted at the antenna coupler location, please be advised that
SGC does not provide technical support in this area
1.8 Upgrade Sequence
The current version of the SG-231 coupler will have a revision letter located on the
printed circuit board. To continue moving forward in coupler design, the SG-231 may
be revised as needed. Later revisions of the coupler will be denoted by the subsequent
letters of the alphabet.
SGC will continue making incremental improvements in the Smartuner product. When
you buy your product today and a new feature is added, you can always upgrade for
modest fees to the latest version of the unit. If you would like to upgrade to the latest
version of the unit, contact SGC because special discounts are always provided to our
valued customers.
2.0 Specifications
HF Frequency Range:
1 to 60 MHz
Power Input Range
3 to 100 watts (PEP) — 50 watts max. on CW
Input Impedance Range:
45 to 55 ohms
VSWR: (Typical)
Typically less than 1.4:1
DC Input Requirement:
+13.8 VDC
DC Operating Range:
+10.5 to 15 VDC
Input Current: Average:
.9 amps
Random set time:
Typical: less than 2 seconds
Recurrent set time:
Typical: less than 10 milliseconds
Antenna Length:
Minimum length of 7 ft. —3.5 to 60 MHz
Minimum length of 23 ft. —1 to 60 MHz
Installation:
Any position
Operating Temperature:
-35° to +70°C
Size:
9 x 9 x 2 inches
Weight
3 pounds
Case Construction:
ABS plastic cover on an anodized
Control Cable:
Shielded 9 conductor 24 AWG with 8 pin female
aluminum base
Mic connector on one end
2.1 Accessories
SGC Part Number 54-67
25 foot Extension cable
SGC Part number 55-68
50 foot Extension cable
2.2 Recommended Antennas
SG-105 Marine and Base station antenna. This is a 60-foot end fed long wire type antenna.
SGC Part Number 55-10.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 MANUAL
8
SG-107 Delta Loop Antenna. This is a delta loop 11 meters high by 11 meters wide at the
base. SGC Part Number 55-12.
SG-203
Marine 28 foot whip antenna. This antenna is used for most powerboat
installations. SGC Part Number 55-24.
SG-303 High performance 9-foot whip antenna. This dual element antenna is designed for
severe marine and land mobile service. SGC Part Number 55-27.
SG-307 — 3.5 to 60 MHz.
QMS A Quick Mounting System which houses SG-231 Smartuner and also provides a
sturdy mounting platform for the SG-307 antenna system. Designed for fly away
installations requiring no holes installation of high performance HF antenna system.
3.0 Parts and Technical Support
SGC supplies SG-231 equipment; the user supplies suitable radio and antenna.
3.1 Parts Furnished
1.
2.
3.
4.
Antenna Coupler.
10 foot RF cable with connectors on each end.
10 foot control cable with connector to coupler on one end.
Instruction Manual.
3.2 User Supplied Items
The user of the SG-231 will need to supply a suitable HF radio antenna. Such an
antenna may be as simple as an 8-foot-long piece of wire and several ground/
counterpoise radials of 8 feet or longer. The longer the antenna, up to about 80 feet, the
better all around performance will be. Longer antennas may be used, but please refer to
the sections on antennas for discussion of limitations.
The user will also have to supply a good counterpoise. Such a counterpoise is a large
metal surface (much larger electrically than the antenna). Generally, the bigger the
counterpoise, the better your signal will be.
3.3 Technical Support
Before contacting SGC for technical support, please take a few minutes to think through
your installation and ask if there is anything obvious that you have overlooked in the
installation. Check to make sure your ground system is both adequate and tight and
that proper voltage is supplied to the coupler.
In the event you experience difficulty with your SG-231 antenna coupler, you should
contact SGC for technical advise. Before calling, we ask you to have the following
information ready so that we may readily assist you.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 MANUAL
9
Coupler Information. Please have the serial number of your coupler, the name of
the dealer from whom the unit was purchased, and the approximate date of
purchase.
Antenna Information. Please be ready to describe your antenna installation.
You will need to advise us whether the antenna is a wire type, a dipole, V,
vertical, long wire, or whip antenna.
Ground System. You should be ready to describe your ground system in detail.
If you are dealing with a marine installation, you should have a description of
the vessel's bonding system. If you are using the coupler in a mobile setting, you
should be able to describe bonding of the hood, trunk, and other vehicle parts
that may have been done. In an aircraft, you should be able to describe the
location of the coupler and the type of ground connection used.
Power supply voltage. One of the common mistakes made when installing
couplers is to assume that a connection is good when it hasn't been measured. If
you experience any type of erratic or intermittent operation, please measure the
power supply voltage inside the coupler.
Describe Coupler behavior. If you are having a problem, determine if it is
happening all the time or only part of the time. Does the problem occur only on
certain frequencies? Does the problem happen only in certain modes? This type
of information is extremely useful in quickly isolating your problem.
Be patient. Finding the reason for less than ideal system operation may take one
telephone call or it may take several calls. Regardless of how complex the
problem is, your SGC representative will be able to walk you through the
process of solving your problem in a logical step-by-step manner. The
Smartuner and accessories will always give top performance when carefully
installed.
4.0 Antenna Types
The automatic antenna coupler is designed for use with end-fed unbalanced antennas
such as whips and long wires. The radiating portion of the antenna is connected
directly to the coupler through a stainless steel screw. It is extremely important that the
antenna type, site location, and grounding technique be correctly chosen so that the
system will radiate effectively.
Broadband resonant antennas (e.g., log periodic) that cover the full range of the system
may be used with the coupler if desired. Narrow band resonant antennas, such as
dipoles, Vs, and inverted Vs may only be used if the antenna VSWR (including coaxial
feeder) is less than, or equal to 3:1 at the operating frequency.
Note that if a dipole or V type antenna is used, the antenna may be operated at any
frequency within the range of the coupler if each side of the V or dipole is 23 feet or
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 MANUAL
10
longer. In addition, the SG-231 is just as happy feeding a conventional V antenna as an
inverted V. The coupler is flexible in this regard.
4.1 Antenna Selection
The automatic antenna coupler will operate into almost any end-fed antenna with a
length of 2.5 meters or more, provided an effective ground is used. The antenna
efficiency will be proportional to length and in most applications will be maximum at a
length of 1/4 wavelength. This means that the longest possible antenna should be
selected for each installation.
Very short antennas are only recommended when there is no other alternative such as
in a vehicular mobile installation. The performance of short whip antennas is usually
very poor, particularly at the lower frequencies, and radiation efficiency will be only a
few percent of a full sized antenna. However, a special electrically long antenna such as
the SG-303 9-foot mobile antenna overcomes much of the radiation problem.
4.2 Whip Antenna
2.0 TO 3.0 Meters (7 to 9 feet)
This antenna is recommended only for vehicular mobile installations. The short length
will result in poorer performance compared with the longer antennas. A special high
performance 9-foot antenna, the SG-303, is manufactured by SGC specifically for this
problem. (SGC Part Number 55-27.)
7.0 to 8.5 Meters (28 feet)
This antenna is recommended for marine installation on smaller vessels. It may also be
used in base stations if there is no way of using a longer antenna. The SG-203 is this
type of antenna. (SGC Part Number 55-23.)
10.7 Meters (35 feet)
This is the preferred antenna for marine installation when there is no room for a long
wire antenna. It will also provide reasonable efficiency for base station use and is the
shortest recommended base antenna. (SGC Part Number 55-24 for the SG-204 35 foot
whip antenna.)
4.3 Long wire Antenna
23 Meters (75 feet); 46 Meters (150 feet)
For most applications, the long wire antenna will give the best results and is
recommended when practical. The diagrams at the end of this section show some
recommended methods of installation. These are only a few of the many possible
methods of installation, and frequently a different configuration will be the best at a
particular site. SGC’s long wire antenna, 60 feet in length, provides efficient operation
on low frequencies and high frequencies alike. (SGC Part Number 55-10.)
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
11
4.4 Back Stay Antenna
8 Meters (28 feet) and Longer
Although we would love to sell everyone a high performance marine whip antenna, the
back stay of a sailboat is almost impossible to improve upon in most installations.
4.5 Typical Installations
Figures 4.5.1 through 4.5.11 show some typical installations for the automatic antenna
coupler.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
Figure 4.5.1 Jeep installation
2.0 M whip
Jeep Installation
for Automatic
Antenna Coupler
Detail
Transceiver
Coupler
GTO cable
(as short as possible)
Feed-through
insulator
Figure 4.5.2 Vehicle installation
Ground
coupler
securely
to truck
2.0 M whip
Feed through insulator
Coupler
Transceiver
Vehicle Installation
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
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Tel: (425) 746-6310
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12
SG-231 MANUAL
Figure 4.5.3 Motor Vessel installation
Feed through insulator
Coupler
Suitable stay cable
Ground to
steel bulkhead
or overhead
Motor Vessel Installation
Figure 4.5.4 Base installation
7M to 10M
Ground lead
1.5M maximum
Ground rod
Base Installation
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
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Tel: (425) 746-6310
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13
SG-231 MANUAL
Figure 4.5.5 Base ladder installation
up to 300 feet
up to 200 feet
Balanced Line Feeders
300-600 Ohms
GND
Hot
Coupler
RF cable Control cable
Base Ladder Installation
Figure 4.5.6 Base installation with ground wire radials
Insulator
11M
2M
30°
Insulator
GTO cable
30°
Coupler
2M
Ground cable No. 4 AWG
(150 cm maximum)
Conduit for
control cable
and coax
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
Radial wires
buried in soil
Base Installation with
Ground Wire Radials
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
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14
SG-231 MANUAL
15
Figure 4.5.7 Base dipole installation
1 meter
3 meters
E66 insulators
(x8)
Hot
Coupler
GND
7 to 25 meters
3 meters
Control cable
RF Cable
Base Dipole Installation
Figure 4.5.8 Base Quadra Loop Horizontal
Radiation
Porcelain
isolators
with tie rope
Coupler
Ground
bolt
terminal
50 ohm
coax from
transmitter
Antenna
terminal
Base Quadra
Loop Horizontal
The horizontal quad loop is a groundless antenna for high angle radiation and is ideal
for HF communications up to 500 miles in the frequency range of 2 to 10 MHz. This
configuration provides optimum near-right angle reflection to the ionosphere for shortrange communications.
A square base can be from 8 to 15 meters long and can be configured to the shape of the
structure as necessary, to provide the best arrangement. The height of the supporting
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
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P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
16
poles should be 20 to 40 feet. Supporting poles should be as tall as possible to provide
the antenna with the greatest isolation from industrial noise generated by the building,
such as fluorescent lights and electrical motors. Loop antennas are also less susceptible
to industrial RF noise generated by the building, because they are isolated from the
ground system of the building.
Loop wires are attached at one end on the high voltage active side of the coupler and on
the other end at the groundside of the coupler.
Figure 4.5.9 Base Delta Loop
Radiation
Coupler
Base Delta Loop
The delta loop antennas are ideally suited to long range communications due to their
low angle. This configuration is best for communications ranging from 500 to 5000
miles in the HF frequency range of 4 to 22 MHz. Noise rejection is excellent, as stated
for the quad loop antenna. Because the antenna system is not connected to a ground,
noise rejection is enhanced. If mounted on the rooftop of the building, it is further
isolated from the building, which generates RF noise.
The supporting mast should be 8 to 14 meters tall to provide good overall HF
performance.
Note that with this type of antenna, the coupler may be mounted in the middle of the
horizontal portion of the loop or it may be mounted at the corner. If mounted at the
corner and the lead from the coupler attached to the vertical leg, the polarization of the
loop tends to be vertical and is slightly better for low angle long distance
communications.
Loops in the horizontal plane may also be used. This type of antenna provides
exceptionally good performance on the low frequency bands for short to intermediate
range communications.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
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Figure 4.5.10 Vessel Groundless Loop
Radiation
75 feet
Vessel
Groundless
Loop
Coupler
Porcelain
isolator
Lower mast connection
to coupler RF ground
The triangular loop antenna for sailboats is designed to operate in a groundless
environment and still provide high performance. This type of installation will require
only one insulator point on the bottom back stay and an electrical connection on top of
the mast and the stay. The grounded side of the coupler should be connected to the
bottom of the mast. Although not our best recommendation, this antenna will provide
a workable solution in some installations.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
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Figure 4.5.11 Vessel insulated back stay
Porcelain
isolator
Radiation
75 feet
Vessel
insulated
Backstay
Coupler
Porcelain
isolator
Ground
connection
The insulated backstay antenna requires two porcelains isolators. The coupler must be
placed as close as possible to the base of the backstay antenna. Proper grounding of the
coupler is very important. Connect the RF ground terminal of the coupler to all of the
metal parts or structures of the boat (keel, engine, etc.).
4.6 Apartment Loop Antenna
Loop antennas can be used very effectively in small apartments, offices, and rooms.
Radiation for a loop antenna is always efficient but highly directive. Therefore, the
orientation of the loop is very important. Generally, the vertical loop antenna with
horizontal radiation is much preferred for a general application throughout the 1.8 to 30
MHz band. However, loop antennas can be effective when mounted horizontally to the
ground to radiate vertically and provide efficient short-range communications on
higher frequencies. Generally HF connections are difficult to establish in the distance
range of 50 to 250 miles. In a large room (such as 20 x 30), we would recommend the
installation of a single wire loop antenna mounted on the ceiling with the coupler
against the wall directly below the antenna. The wire gauge should not be less than 16
AWG with insulation.
When operating in a small room, install a small multiple wire loop (six loops) on a
rectangular configuration three by four feet (as illustrated in Figure 4.6.1). This
configuration allows operation from 1.8 to 60 MHz, and the SG-231 will tune and load
all frequencies well below a ratio of 1.4:1 VSWR. Directivity will be high from 3 to 12
dB depending upon the frequency. If this is a problem, two loops at 90 degrees can be
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
19
installed to communicate at 90 degrees off direction of the first loop antenna. Loop
antennas are low noise antennas. However, because they are used in apartments and
crowded cities, high industrial noise can be expected. Avoid using neon or fluorescent
lights within 50 feet of the loop antenna, as they may completely jam one or several
frequency bands.
Figure 4.6.1 Small loop antenna (3x4 feet)
Pegs or Nails
Use 6-8 turns of #16 or larger wire which is
insulated for high voltages. No spacing
between turns. Use a total of 70-90 feet of
wire.
Building wall
Cable to Radio
Smartuner
Loop antennas of much larger sizes can be used; however, while the low frequency
operation of such antennas may be quite good, the larger antennas may not work well
at very high frequencies when located in a plane parallel to the earth. This is because
large loop antennas generally radiate their maximum lobe (field strength) at right
angles to their plane.
This means that a large loop, say 60 feet on a side, mounted 20 feet above the ground,
would radiate much of its energy upward. While during the day this would work well
for close in communications, longer distances would be achieved with the loop
mounted vertically. The vertical loop antenna of 1/4 wavelength is the basis of the
“quad” type directional antenna.
Loop antennas represent a DC short circuit and for this reason are much less susceptible
to noise than are other kinds of antennas. In certain residential and industrial areas
where high noise levels occur, the loop antenna may provide a substantial
improvement in both receiving and transmitting performance at very little cost.
4.7 Recreational Vehicle (RV) Antennas
RVs or trailers provide an excellent base to install effective low cost antennas, and in
both configurations, end feed or loop antennas can be used.
An end-fed antenna could be effectively used if a metal cabin structure is available.
Loop antennas have the advantage of not requiring a ground system but are highly
directive. The antenna can be mounted simply on short (18” long by .5” diameter)
plastic plumbing pipes. Make the end-fed antenna as long as possible in an “L” shaped
configuration, as illustrated in Figure 4.7.1.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
20
Figure 4.7.1 Recreational vehicle, bus, or truck detail
18" PVC
pipe
standoffs
Recreational Vehicle
Antenna Installation
Antenna wire
Metal roof
of vehicle
Coupler mounted
inside coach
Use a separate ground strap or wire for the body
a n d t h e c h a s s i s t o t h e g r o u n d o f t h e c o u p l e r.
4.8 Aircraft Antennas
When installed in high performance turboprop or jet aircraft, the Smartuner will
operate well with a shunt-fed antenna.
This is generally a 13-foot piece of metal that mounts on the fuselage of the aircraft and
is grounded to the aircraft at one end. The device looks something like a towel bar on
the underside of the aircraft.
The Smartuner will also match well the more common wire antenna from fuselage to
vertical stabilizer (and continuing to a wing tip, if desired) and a long wire antenna
under the tail rotor of helicopters. This long wire approach has proven effective on Bell
Jet Rangers and Long Rangers in particular.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
21
Figure 4.8.1 Aircraft installation detail
Rotary Aircraft
SG-231
coupler
Isolator
Wire antenna
Strut to space out
antenna with plastic
tubing or fiberglass
rod
Figure 4.8.2 Aircraft Installation Detail
Fixed Wing Aircraft
Wire goes to
the coupler
Isolator
Wire antenna
Ground
Aviation
control
head
SG-231
coupler
Wire antenna
Radio
Isolator
4.9 Low Profile, Hidden and Covert Antennas
There are two users of low profile, hidden, and covert antennas:
• The paramilitary user who will wish to operate from a residence or commercial
building without drawing attention to long range HF communication in
progress.
• Commercial building without drawing attention to the fact that long range HF
communication is in process.
• The amateur radio community (a larger group) finds itself more restricted by
covenants, building codes, and tenant requirements.
In a typical residential building, covert antennas have been used successfully for
intercontinental communications. The antennas used include both groundless loop
type antennas and those that require a counterpoise (ground).
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
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Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
A. If a flagpole is made of PVC pipe,
it is easy to tape a large gauge wire
to the inside of the pipe and use a
good counterpoise. Typical flagpoles
are 25 to 35 feet in height and offer
excellent performance on all bands.
B. Masonry chimneys are visually
“busy.” You can run a #10 copper
wire parallel to the chimney with
little risk of detection. Some short
standoffs and you have a support for
a vertical dipole type antenna.
C. Along the edge of the roof, held
off by some inexpensive TV twinlead standoffs, you can hide 25 to 40
feet of antenna on virtually any
house.
D. The Inverted “L” antenna may
work slightly better if it is installed
clear of a building, but for covert
operations, this type of installation is
a favorite. If the feed-point is at
ground level adjacent to an iron or
copper water line entering the house
that will provide an excellent
counterpoise.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
22
Coupler
At least three ground radials
longer than the flag pole
B
C
COUPLER
COUPLER
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P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
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D
COUPLER
SG-231 MANUAL
E. Under the roof overhang, all
kinds of wire antennas may be
installed.
F. All types of antennas may be
hidden inside the roof of a building
that uses non-metallic roofing
materials.
G. The downspout, rain gutter
antenna works well if the piping and
gutter are aluminum. You may wish
to assure low electrical resistance
connections between gutter sections
with hose clamps or plumber’s tape.
Coupler
E
23
Coupler
F
G
Coupler
4.10 Emergency Antennas
There are a couple of antennas which don't fit into any category in particular, but which
should be mentioned because when used with a Smartuner, they will deliver
spectacular results.
4.10.1 Kite Antenna
Figure 4.10.1 Kite Antenna
Box, delta, or conventional kite
100 feet of
string
Use string to post for strain relief—do not tie
kite wie to coupler without strain relief
30 to 70 feet of wire
30 to 70 feet of wire
ground conductor (counterpoise)
Jumper
String
Coupler
Note: The counterpoise may be underwater if installed on a
beach or from a vessel at sea. If an underwater counterpoise is
used, tuning may change with tide changes in shallow waters.
This type of antenna has been run for hours in tropical trade
winds with excellent results.
Post or stake
This is our recommended antenna to be carried aboard all types of vessels. This is
because when a wind strong enough to damage a boat occurs, it is easy to fly a kite and
this may lift fifty to one hundred feet of antenna wire. For good emergency
communications, you will only need 30-70 feet of antenna and a strongly built (Mylar or
nylon) kite.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
24
Remember that when a mast comes down, you have easy access to the high voltage feed
line that may be secured to a kite antenna. Offshore power boats can use this antenna
as well, since 10-20 knot winds are almost always available when underway at sea.
4.10.2 Tactical Installations
Over the course of nearly 25 years of HF communications, SGC equipment has been
used everywhere from camel back in the desert to Antarctic expeditions. Along the
way we have collected a number of tips to get maximum system performance from
your radio system when you are operating in a tactical or disaster situation. These tips,
by the way, also apply when you go camping or are involved in amateur radio Field
Day activities:
Tactical Antenna Supports. Except for a barren desert, just about all landscapes have
structures (natural and man made) that can be used for antenna supports. All it usually
takes is several hundred feet of rope and some creativity. Here are some examples to
consider. If you wonder which structure would work best, remember the one with the
greatest height and greatest distance from grounded metal will generally give the best
performance.
Natural rock formations such as cliffs and bluffs.
Tall trees.
Water towers.
Church spires and minarets of mosques.
Rooftops of buildings—strung between.
Sign posts such as for banks and gasoline stations.
Telephone (not power) poles. There's no power line noise on telephone poles.
Railroad trestles
Highway structures: signs, overpasses, and bridges.
Flag poles at public buildings, schools, and hospitals.
Tactical Grounds And Counterpoises. Just as antenna opportunities abound, so do
ground and counterpoise opportunities to the professional eye. Some of our favorite
examples that correspond to the antennas above include:
Cross country water and petroleum transmission pipes (e.g., as it passes under a
bluff)
Long steel cables along a mountain highway (e.g., one with nearby trees)
Chain link fencing (e.g., around a water tower)
Metal lawn sprinkler piping (e.g., in a church yard)
Fire department standpipes (required in most big city building codes)
Underground metal petroleum storage tanks (e.g., at a gasoline station)
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
25
Metal fencing of any type (e.g., a barbed wire fence along a pasture or under
telephone pole)
One hundred feet of wire thrown into a river or sea (e.g., under a trestle)
Metal drain culverts (e.g., along a highway)
Four to five cars parked with their metal bumpers touching
A sheet metal roof (e.g., hospital or public building)
As you can see from this list, there are an almost limitless number of options available
to install a high performance antenna system with only a small amount of wire and an
SG-231 Smartuner.
5.0 General Notes on Antennas and Couplers
1. The longer the antennas, the better the antenna performance. By doubling
the length of the antenna, an improvement of 3 to 6 dB can be expected in your
radiation or receiving characteristics. This is the equivalent of transmitting
with 400 watts, when actually you are using only 100 watts.
2. A ground for end-fed antennas can be effectively created by running radial
wires from the coupler point and laying them onto the ground. We
recommend for a good ground that 12 radials should be used and they be
about 1/3 longer than the antenna length. The number of radials can be
reduced; however, you need at least one. Efficiency pattern and radiation will
decrease in proportion.
3. Antennas will always perform better if the wire is of a large gauge. Never
use anything less than gauge 16. If gauge 6 is used, an improvement of 6 dB
can be expected over the 16 gauge. The radial ground wire should be at least
the same size as of the antenna wire.
4. The SG-231 coupler can handle antennas beyond the specified minimum
range of 8 to 80 feet and should be extended as much as possible. In some
cases, the antenna can be 300 feet or longer. In this situation, you may find
some tuning holes. The antenna can be made a little shorter or longer to
overcome the tuning hole on the frequency band you may have wanted to use.
5. Always install the antenna system as far away as possible from any electrical
or industrial noise source. Electrical appliance, electric motor, or fluorescent
lighting noise may cover up weak or even strong signals.
6. A remarkable antenna coupler, the SG-231 will tune practically any antenna
good or bad. Keep in mind that it is not the coupler that will radiate the RF
energy, it is the antenna. Therefore, use only good size wire and long antennas.
7. Never use a feed line or coaxial cable at the output of the antenna coupler.
The coupler functions to couple the radio to the antenna, not to act as a
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
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P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
26
midpoint connector. Because the antenna system starts at the output of the
coupler, the antenna lead from the coupler to the hypothetical antenna is part
of the antenna system. Avoid having the led end wire touch any other metal
structure: it will capacitively short your antenna to ground.
8. The backstay of your mast is the only viable antenna on a sailboat. The SG231 coupler is specifically designed to be used for such applications.
9. For vehicular installation, do not use any inexpensive CB antennas and/or
mounts. These antennas will not perform well from 1.8 to 10 MHz even though
the coupler will load and tune the antenna whip. A high voltage of 15,000 to
30,000 volts RF will be applied to the antenna depending on the RF power level
and frequency. The inexpensive ball mounts for CB antennas are not designed
for so stringent a purpose. We recommend the use of an antenna system such
as the SG-303: it was specifically designed for such extreme applications.
5.1 Steps to Antenna Installation
System installation is a three-part process covering the following steps:
1. Selection and installation of the antenna.
2. Mounting the antenna coupler.
3. Connecting the appropriate interface cables between the coupler and the
transceiver.
This manual section will discuss the three steps mentioned above in detail and will
provide sufficient information to enable the user to confidently install a complete
system properly.
The antenna system is a key part of the communication system. For satisfactory
operation the system must be carefully selected and then installed correctly. The
unbalanced antennas used with the automatic antenna coupler, use the ground
(counterpoise) as half of the antenna system. The ground forms an “image” antenna
and is a critical part of the system. It is essential to consider both the ground and the
antenna when designing the system installation.
5.2 Antenna Location
The figures in Section 4.0 illustrate several different antenna installations. The
following points should be carefully considered when designing the antenna system.
1. The antenna should be located in a position free of obstructions, particularly
in the desired direction of communication.
2. The antenna should be kept as far away as possible from buildings, trees,
and vegetation. If metallic masts or supports are used, arrange the insulators
so that the antenna is spaced at least 2 meters from the mast.
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SG-231 MANUAL
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3. Remember that the radiating part of the antenna starts at the coupler. The
location of the bottom portion of the antenna is important.
d. Vertical antennas have an omni directional radiation pattern, providing
equal performance in all directions.
4. Horizontal wire antennas have maximum radiation broadside to the antenna
when the frequency is less than 1/4 wavelength. As the frequency increases
beyond 1/4 wavelength, lobes will appear in the radiation pattern with the
principal lobes becoming closer to the plane of the antenna as the length
increases. At all times, radiation will be minimal at the end of the antenna;
therefore, it should be located so that the ends point in directions where
communications are not required.
5. The V antenna construction minimizes the directivity of the horizontal
antenna and is recommended for all around coverage. In addition, the V
antenna is a compromise between vertical and horizontal polarization and will
give good results for communications with land or marine mobiles using
vertical whip antennas.
6. High voltages (sometimes exceeding 30,000 volts RF) are present on the
antenna. All parts of the antenna and coupler must be located or protected so
that there is no possibility of accidental contact.
7. Do not locate the antenna close to other antenna systems.
8. Make sure that the antenna is rigidly supported. The antenna will de-tune if
it sags or sways.
9. The connection from the coupler to the ground must be a small percentage
of the total length of the antenna. Do not let the length of the ground strap
exceed one meter. Use heavy gauge wire or strap for ground connection.
10. Whip antennas should be connected with the minimum length of wire. (Do
not exceed 0.6 meters).
11. Do not locate the coupler farther from the transceiver than necessary. If the
distance exceeds 10 meters (30 feet), we recommend you use low loss coaxial
cable, such as RG-8 or RG-213.
5.3 Ground Systems—General
The ground system (also called a counterpoise) is a key part of the overall antenna
system and is the primary cause of poor performance and the difficulty of adjusting the
coupler. A good ground is essential.
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Tel: (425) 746-6310
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5.3.1 Vehicle Grounds
Connect the coupler directly to the frame of the vehicle. Ensure that a heavy strap is
used from the coupler ground lug and that the connections are cleared of all paint and
dirt so that the shiny metal is exposed. SGC always recommends that two grounding
bolts with star washers be used to ensure no ground resistance is encountered. Make
sure that the grounding point is not insulated from other parts of the vehicle by nonmetallic couplings, bushings, fiberglass panels, etc.
Modern vehicle assembly
techniques that use spot welding may not always adequately connect various body
parts. Use an ohmmeter and insure your vehicle is electrically bonded.
Another area to watch is trunk lids and hoods. Because many body parts are dip
painted, they may float above the RF ground when assembled. Use of short heavy
braid to insure all doors and hatches are grounded is good installation practice.
Although this is tedious work, the benefit is that once completed you will have a much
superior radiated signal and lower noise floor on receive.
5.3.2 Marine Grounds
A metal hull vessel in salt water provides an almost ideal ground. The coupler should
be connected directly to the hull using the shortest possible ground strap or 2 to 3 inch
wide 2 mil copper foil. Make sure that the contact point is free from paint and dirt.
Ensure a good contact area for minimum resistance.
Wooden and fiberglass hulled vessels present more of a grounding problem. It is
normally necessary to bond all large metallic parts such as the stove, fuel tanks, engine,
and propeller shaft; sometimes an external grounding plate should be connected to the
hull. The bonding and grounding plate should be chosen with consideration for the
problems of electrolysis. Severe damage may result if dissimilar metals are connected
together.
Our experience is that sacrificial zinc's, which double as radio grounds, may help, but
are not by themselves a complete solution. If you use one (or more) of these devices,
remember to provide for a large physical counterpoise in addition.
In a sailboat installation, we generally place the Smartuner in the aft lazaret and then
run at least three runs of foil forward. One runs up the port chine, just below the
waterline, another up the starboard chine below the waterline, and the third up the
center of the vessel.
The center foil is generally connected to the rudderpost, transmission, engine, and keel
bolts. The chine foils are attached to through hulls, the stove, tankage and so forth. The
idea is to get as much metal inside the vessel connected as possible. Metal toe rails and
lifelines work well as do keel coolers on motorized craft.
Here is a tip for attaching foil to keel bolts. When a large keel bolt is exposed, drill into
the keel bolt and tap the hole for a suitable stainless steel machine screw. Attach with
suitable copper washers for a solid electrical connection.
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Although it is not mandatory that ground foil be glued into place, we consider it a good
idea to keep the space below decks neat and orderly under all conditions.
If you are using a backstay antenna, try to visualize your ground as you look down
from the top of the mast. Ask yourself if you see 100 square feet of metal below you.
The closer to this figure you can get, the better your radiated signal will be. What you
are trying to do is make a large capacitor to the seawater. Consider the salt water of the
sea to be one plate of a capacitor, the ground system the other, and the hull to be the
dielectric.
On marine installations, you should also be aware of potential noise sources that may
need to be bypassed to ground. We have encountered just about every source of noise
imaginable in vessel installations. The best time to track down annoying noise sources
is when you are laying in a ground system. Not only will you get much better voice
communications, but Weatherfax, Navtex, and Loran reception will improve as well if
they are also tied into the ground system.
Particular attention should be paid to any device that uses an electric motor. This
means to turn on the water pressure pump, bilge pump, hot water forced air heater
fans, refrigeration, and auto pilot motors. A few small capacitors to ground (.01 micro
farads at 100 VDC) can resolve many issues. Bypassing of the vessel's alternator is also
a good idea.
5.3.3 Base Station Grounds
In areas of high ground conductivity, an effective ground can be made through a
grounding rod. The rod should be approximately 3 meters in length and should be
installed as close as possible to the coupler. It may be necessary to use several ground
rods bonded together to improve the ground contact. Water pipes are sometimes
recommended as grounds and may be used provided plastic pipe is not buried as part
of the system and the following conditions are met:
1. The water pipe is close to the coupler.
2. The water pipe enters the ground close to the coupler bonding point.
3. There are no joints or couplings in the pipe that will increase the resistance
path to ground.
4. The water pipe enters soil with good conductivity.
5. A low resistance contact is made to the water pipe.
Earth requiring a counterpoise. Frequently the ground conductivity will not suffice to
provide satisfactory operation of the coupler—almost certainly the case with welldrained sandy, rocky, or loamy soils. Therefore, a counterpoise (artificial ground) must
be used as the ground system.
Rooftop installation requiring a counterpoise. In a rooftop installation where there is
no existing ground plane, the ideal ground would be a conducting surface extending
several wavelengths in all directions around the antenna. On a rooftop, this situation
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may be approximated by placing a screen of chicken mesh, copper hardware cloth, or
similar material over the roof of the building. More frequently, a counterpoise system
of radial wires must be used. SGC recommends the use of at least 8 to 12 radials bonded
together in the center. If the antenna is at ground level, the radials should be buried a
few inches below the surface.
5.4 Corrosion
Ground connections are subject to corrosion and oxidation. All joints must be clean and
the hardware adequately tightened. Joints should be well soldered wherever possible.
The joints may be protected by an application of silicon grease and, under severe
conditions, covered with electrical tape and waterproof varnish or a durable brand of
silicon caulking.
If you are mounting your Smartuner on a vessel where a lot of salt spray is encountered, it is a good idea to put the wire connections that are exposed to weather on
your six-month periodic maintenance plan. Then, every six months, you will be
reminded to undo each of the connections, clean, re tighten, and reseal.
Use jumpers around metal back stay triangles on split backstay antennas. Corrosion
may cause up to several hundred ohms of resistance to occur even though you may
think that a metal-to-metal connection would be a good one.
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5.5 Antenna Coupler Mounting
Shown without
protection from direct
sunlight or rain.
Please refer to page 5
(Section 1.6.3)
The coupler is mounted using the proper mounting holes on the base plate. Choose a
location immediately adjacent to the antenna feed point. In trunk-mounted mobile
installations, locate the coupler so that the antenna insulator is within a few centimeters
of the antenna exit hole. Note also that the antenna lead must pass through an
insulated bushing. High voltage connecting cable must be used. (RG-8U cable with
solid insulation may be used if the outer shielding is removed). When the coupler is
installed on the outside, or on the deck, we recommend a protective housing.
5.6 Antenna Connection
The antenna lead is connected to the high voltage screw. During operation, use two
wrenches when tightening the nut to prevent the stud rotating. A potential of several
thousand volts may be present at the antenna terminal and adequate protection must be
made against accidental contact. It is also necessary that the antenna be spaced at least
3 centimeters from the conducting surface. Sharp points in the lead-in wire should be
avoided to prevent corona discharges.
6.0 Installation Procedures
The following diagrams will assist you with installing the Smartuner with SGC
equipment.
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6.1 Installation with SG-2000
The SG-2000 is shipped with all necessary connectors for installation of a Smartuner™
and for installation of peripherals by means of the audio input/output jack on the rear
panel. You will see the connectors when you remove the Philips head screws that hold
the protective sheet metal cover over the rear panel connectors.
From left to right, these jacks provide the following:
J-502
SG-231 connections
J-301
Aux. Audio input/output and PTT line
J-503
Remote control head or multiple head junction box
J-504
Remote control head or multiple head junction box
(Head mounted on radio is normally connected here.)
Ext. SPK External Speaker
Oven
Turns oven On-Off (Shipped with oven ON as default)
SG-2000 to SG-231 Coupler Connections
SG -2000
SG-2000 Rear
Panel view
J-502-1
J-502-2
J-502-3
SG -231
J1-2 ( Grou nd )
J1-1 ( +12 VDC)
J1-3 (TN D)
J-502
6.2 Installation on ALINCO DX-70
1. You may use the 'TUNE' function on the ALINCO by wiring the two units
as follows:
SG-231
DX-70
Signal Name
control cable
Pin 1
Pin 2
Pin 7
Coupler conn.
Pin 2
Pin 1
Pin 3
on coupler
+13.6 VDC
Ground
Option A
Pin 8
Pin 5
Option B
2. The built in coupler TUNE function will now work as follows:
A. Depress the <FUNC> button.
B. Depress the <TUNE> button.
C. 'TUNE' will be displayed on the DX-70 LCD as the SG-231 tunes.
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D. When the SG-231 has finished tuning, the 'TUNE' indicator on the
DX-70 will extinguish.
6.3 Installation on other Radios
The SG-231 requires only a source of +12 VDC, an RF transmission line (RG-58/U up to
30 ft., RG-8 OR RG-213/U if over 30 ft.), plus suitable ground and antenna systems. No
band switch information, low power tuning, or handshake is required, since the coupler
tunes on RF voice or carrier. Power consumption is normally less than 1 amp, allowing
for use of small gauge wire. The PCB is fully protected against power reversal. The
output for a remote mounted tune indicator, if desired, is strictly optional.
When installing your SG-231, remember to allow for the power to be disconnected from
the battery during periods when equipment is not being used. This will prevent
draining the battery unnecessarily.
6.4 SmartLock Pro Installation
The SmartLock Pro is an accessory for the SG-231. This gives the user additional control
over the coupler. It is not required for normal operation of the coupler and does not
need to be installed. It allows the coupler settings to be held in place so no tuning or retuning will occur, has an LED indicator which will light when the coupler is tuned, and
provides a manual reset of the coupler without turning the power off and on.
Connections:
SmartLock Pro
Red
Green
White
Blue
Black/drain
to
SG-231 Smartuner
-
J1-1 Red wire (+12 VDC)
J1-3 Green wire (Remote tuned indicator line)
J1-5 White wire (Hold Settings)
J1-4 Blue wire (Reset)
J1-2 Black (Ground)
The other wires are not used. We recommend soldering the wires together and
insulating the exposed wires with heat shrink or electrical tape; however, other
methods may suffice as long as the connections are firm and there is no exposed
wiring. The unused wires should be terminated in a manner that leaves no
exposed wires. A schematic drawing is provided as an aid to understanding the
operation of the SmartLock Pro.
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SmartLock Pro Schematic Diagram
C5
.1u
R2
220
1/2W
C4
.1u
D1
1N751A
R4
R1
150
SW1
4PDT
1M
12 VDC
JP1
Green LED
SW2
Hold
DS1
Reset
PUSHBUTTON
R3
Tuned
330
SW3
Rx Amp
Red LED
C3
.1u
DS2
SPDT
C1
.1u
C2
.1u
No Tune/Reset
C6
.1u
GND
6.5 Weatherdeck Mounting
Weatherdeck mounting can be used. Years of experience have shown that inside
mounting or even splash-proof mounting is preferred, particularly in cold, damp
environments. In tropical use, shielding from direct sunlight is desirable.
The base of the antenna should be connected to the high voltage feed-through screw on
the housing. Note that this screw is not designed to support heavy mechanical loads. If
such loading is encountered, use a strain relief.
The ground system should be connected to the 1/4-inch stainless steel stud protruding
from the bottom of the housing. Connection to the ground system is extremely
important to a successful installation. Ground runs of over a few inches should be
made from 4-inch-wide copper strap or larger. The actual ground system should be as
good as possible, as the ground is an integral part of the antenna system. See section 5.3
on grounding. However, couplers in general require the antenna parameters to be
within the range of the tuning parameters or the coupler will not find a satisfactory
match. The computer in the SG-231 cannot second-guess the installer.
A proper antenna/ground installation is of great
importance: regardless of whether your station is a base
station, marine, or land mobile.
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6.6 Electrical Checkout
After the SG-231 antenna coupler has been installed, the SSB transmitter should be
adjusted to the highest frequency desired, and a directional watt meter (e.g., Bird Model
43) should be inserted into the transmission line. The transmitter should then be
powered. The SG-231 will begin to tune when RF power is applied, and you will hear a
“clattering” of PC-mounted relays. If the antenna length and ground parameters are
within range, the relay noises will stop when just a few words are spoken, and the
reflected power on the watt meter would indicate a value of better than 2:1 VSWR. The
“TUNED” LED, which is mounted on the PC board, will light, and if there is a remote
“TUNED” indicator, it will also light.
(View: Back panel of unit)
SG–231
Antenna
12 volt power source
SG–2000 HF radio
Counterpoise
Watt meter
SG-2000 -->SG-231
Terminal block
for DC power
cable
Smartlock
(Optional)
Black (of coupler cable) = ground
Red (of coupler cable) = +12 VDC
Green
= tuned indication
Next, the SSB transmitter should be adjusted to the lowest desired frequency, and the
test as outlined above should be repeated. The SG-231 should immediately sense the
mismatch and switch to the tune mode to re-tune the antenna system. Since the
algorithm must search through more possible values of L and C to find an appropriate
combination at the lower frequencies, the tune cycle may take longer. A few spoken
words should achieve an “all tuned” indication. The SG-231 installation and tune-up
are considered complete if the above tests have been successfully performed.
The SG-231 will probably not be supplied from SGC with memory data appropriate to
your installation, and the memory feature may not seem impressive at first. Allow the
SG-231 to “learn” your antenna’s requirements by proceeding from frequency to
frequency and allowing the normal tune-up to occur. As the SG-231 computer
memorizes more and more frequencies, you should then be able to return to a
previously tuned frequency and find that the coupler immediately responds “ALL
TUNED,” even before the first word is completed.
The memory system is capable of storing hundreds of individual frequency/relay
combinations, mostly in the lower operating frequencies, providing better memory
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resolution at the lower frequencies where antenna systems are inherently narrow band.
Usually, only one or two memory positions are needed to provide satisfactory coverage
at higher frequency bands.
6.7 Do-It-Yourself Light-Bulb Dummy Load
Any time that a transmitter is used, it must be outputting into a load. A load is anything
that the output power can be pumped into. If the transmitter is operated without any
sort of load connected, the final amplifier stage could become severely damaged. The
problem is that you should never test a transmitter on the air for the first time, if you
are unsure about how to operate it, and if you are unsure whether it is working
properly. You could create harmful interference to other stations.
To test transmitters without actually operating into an antenna, dummy loads were
created. A dummy load is a load that will dissipate the energy from the transmitter
instead of emanating it into the ionosphere. Nearly all commercial dummy loads are
large oil-filled cans. These dummy loads change the transmitted energy into heat, which
is absorbed by the oil. Because different transmitters output different amounts of
power, different sizes of dummy loads must be used. Dummy loads for typical amateur
powers (under 500 watts) are relatively inexpensive and are readily available.
Unfortunately, when you use a can-type dummy load, you can't see "what's happening"
with your transmitter. In this case, you can use a light-bulb dummy load to test your
transmitter. Here, the light bulb is directly connected to the output of the transmitter
and it dissipates the RF energy as light. The light bulb dummy load is more useful than
the oil-can type because you can guess how much power is being output, you can see
the voice modulate the SSB (the light will flicker with your voice peaks), and you can
tune the transmitter for maximum output (if the transmitter is an older model that
requires tuning).
Before building or using the light-bulb dummy load, remember that these models
typically don't dissipate the transmitter's output as well as an oil-can dummy load. The
result is that RF will "leak" out; I have heard a few stories of amateurs who were heard
around town while operating their transmitters into a light-bulb dummy load. If you
use this system, make sure that you test the equipment on a clear, harmless frequency
(NEVER test with the transmitter set on an emergency frequency, such as 2182 KHz).
SGC recommends that you build the light-bulb dummy load with the following parts
(although I have made one with an old light fixture and a makeshift version with just
alligator clip leads and a light bulb):
* AC socket to cable with a PL-259 connector (for transceiver)
* AC socket to cable with alligator clips (needed with coupler)
* Light bulb to AC adapter
* 75 to 125 watt light bulb, 120 to 220 VAC
* 100 watt radio transceiver
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* SG-231 coupler (optional)
f
For transceiver
For coupler
Antenna Jack
RF GND
RF IN-OUT
Radio HF/VHF
Antenna Coupler
GND
RADIO TEST PROCEDURE
1. Connect the transceiver light bulb load to the radio RF in/out jack.
2. Turn on the radio and set the CW mode.
3. Key the PTT switch on the microphone and look at the light bulb. If the light bulb
load is connected and the radio is transmitting, the light should turn on.
4. Set the power to LO.
5. Set the radio to SSB mode.
6. Key the PTT switch on the microphone and talk into the microphone. Notice that the
light turns on when you talk.
COUPLER TEST PROCEDURE
1. Connect the coupler to the radio.
2. Connect the coupler light bulb load to the SG-231 antenna jack.
3. Turn on the radio and the SG-231.
4. Set the radio to the CW mode.
5. Key the PTT switch on the microphone and look at the light bulb. The light should
turn on if the coupler has completed its' tuning cycle and if the radio is transmitting.
6. For further testing, follow steps 5-6 of the radio test procedure.
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Note: The light bulb might not turn on immediately if the coupler has not yet been
tuned for the frequency of the transmitter. The output power (light-bulb brightness) is
greatest when the coupler is properly tuned.
This test will ensure that the radio and coupler are working properly.
7.0 Coupler Configuration
Schematic Q30102100, sheet 3 is the schematic diagram of the two basic coupler
networks. Note that the L network as viewed from the generator, may be configured as
either “C in” or “C out,” whichever is required by the load. In either case, the end of
the network containing the shunt C element will be the higher impedance end of the
network.
7.1 Schematic Diagrams
Schematic Q30102100, sheets 1, 2, 3, and 4, are the schematic diagrams of the antenna
coupler. RF input is applied to terminals marked GND and RF on J6, +13.6 VDC is
connected to the terminals marked GND and +13.6 VDC on J10, and an appropriate
antenna and ground system are connected to the high voltage screw and stainless steel
ground stud respectively. The TND line on J10 is connected to the SG-2000 or the
SmartLock Pro. This line cannot be connected to both units simultaneously.
7.2 Tuning Process
An array of detector devices in the SG-231 monitor the antenna system impedance,
reactance signal, and the VSWR load when RF power is applied to the unit. The coupler
also monitors forward power, since the control computer requires an indication of both
forward and reflected power in order to allow tuning to proceed. The computer uses
the forward power detector as a check to ensure that the measurements made are
applied RF and are not spurious levels from the data conversion system. The SG-231
will proceed to tune only when enough forward power is present to confirm this check.
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After RF is applied to the coupler array, it then passes through the detector system. The
detector system consists of seven capacitors in shunt on the input arm of the network,
nine inductors in the series arm, and six more capacitors in shunt on the output arm, all
arranged in binary increments. Relays are provided in conjunction with each lumped
constant and allow removal or entry as desired. A network having 128 values on input
shunt C, 64 values of output shunt C, and up to 512 values of series L is possible with
the manipulation of these 23 relays.
7.3 Impedance Detector
RF transformers T1 and T2 drive the impedance bridge that is balanced at 50 ohms. T2
samples the line current and thus D4 outputs a negative DC level proportional to line
current. A tertiary winding on transformer T1 provides a line voltage sample to D9
which provides a positive voltage proportional to line voltage. R35 and R36 act as a
summing network for the current and voltage signals, with ratios chosen, such that at
50 ohms, the summed signals result in a balanced or zero voltage condition.
If the line impedance goes to high, the signal from the voltage sensor will be relatively
higher than the current sensor, which will result in a net positive output voltage from
the summing network. Similarly, a low line impedance will result in more output from
the current sensor, resulting in a net negative output voltage from the summing
network. The summing network output is shifted to a 0 to 5v range, then fed to the
processor's A to D converter ports, and used within the micro-controller.
7.4 VSWR Detector
A directional coupler is made up of a current transformer T3 and a voltage transformer
T1, in conjunction with termination resistors R17 and R18. The coupler is inserted in the
50-ohm transmission line between the input connector, J6, and the tuning network. The
forward power is measured across termination R18 and reflected power is measured
across termination R17. Diode D3 generates a positive DC voltage proportional to
forward power and D8 generates a positive DC voltage proportional to reflected power.
The forward DC output is fed to a voltage divider consisting of R45 and R34. These
voltages are input to the RF power detector and to an A to D converter port of the
processor. The reflected DC output passes through a voltage divider consisting of R39
and R40, and then it also goes to an A to D converter port of the processor.
7.5 Phase Detector
A phase detector is formed by T2, A1, and their associated components. This detector
indicates the state of any reactance associated with the antenna coupler as noted from
the generator. A line current sample is compared in phase with a voltage sample in a
double balanced mixer. The output of the phase detector A1 is shifted to a 0 to 5v
range, then fed to the processor’s A to D converter ports and used within the micro
controller.
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P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
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7.6 Central Processing Unit
A tune-up algorithm, which is contained in the memory of the microprocessor, actually
implements the antenna matching. It is designed around the MC 68HC711E9 CPU that
features a versatile instruction set, RAM, and EEPROM (memory which is saved after
the coupler is turned off). The antenna coupler relays are controlled by latches U8, U6,
and U7, which receive serial data input directly from the CPU.
During operation, data is transferred into the CPU from the A to D ports and Input
Capture port (measures RF frequency). Basically, the program monitors the status of
the input sensors and—starting from a preset condition—uses a built-in algorithm to
achieve a tuned condition. When the tuning algorithm is complete, the CPU saves the
settings in its EEPROM, which is addressed by the applied RF frequency.
This non-volatile memory table is the basis of the exclusive learning feature of the SG231. After it has stored and latched the network status, the CPU waits for RF to cease
transmitting and returns to the Stop mode. When RF is re-transmitted, the first step in
the tuning algorithm is to measure the frequency of the signal passing through the
coupler. From the frequency data, the computer then searchers its EEPROM for
previously stored data. If data is found, it is tested for validity, and the required “end
of tune” conditions will be sensed by the RF sensors. Then the data will be latched in
place, and the CPU will again wait for RF to cease transmitting and return to the Stop
mode. This process takes about 20 milliseconds, which is the same length of time that is
required to close the network relays.
7.7 Initialization
The microcomputer is usually in the Stop mode and requires an interrupt signal (XIRQ)
to start program implementation. The XIRQ is obtained from the RF detector circuitry.
This line, going low, will wake the CPU from the Stop mode.
7.8 Bypass Operation, Jumpers
The SG-231 may be bypassed for broadband (un-tuned antenna) scanning listening. All
you need to do is press the reset button of the SmartLock PRO (if installed) or turn
power to the coupler off and on. When the coupler comes back on, the tuning elements
remain out of the circuit until the Smartuner is activated by a transmitted signal.
If broadband operation is required during receive for scan operation, jumper JP1 may
be set to the Yes position. This will drop the tuning elements out of the circuit on
receive only. Jumper JP1 is located adjacent to shield along the edge of the printed
circuit board. If you open your Smartuner to access this jumper, please use caution to
ensure that the waterproof seal is carefully placed prior to refitting the coupler cover.
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Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
41
Setting JP1 to the Yes position is recommended if you are using a radio for split band
communications, for scanning selective calling protocols, or for Automatic Link
Establishment (ALE). The default is: Tuning Out In Rcv: [no].
Jumper JP2 bypasses the coupler's memories. This means that each time the coupler is
used on a different frequency, it will re-tune rather than use previously stored
information. The default is: Tune From Memory: [yes].
MicroTune™
Software
Copyright November-1991
8.0 Tuning Process and Options
The SG-231 MicroTune™ Software is unique software which allows precise tuning of the
digitally controlled pi and L network to tune a wide variety of antennas.
Antenna
L1
5 0 ohms
C in
C out
The versatile MicroTune™ software offers its user these special functions:
1. The coupler is activated whenever forward power is present.
2. In addition to sampling VSWR to determine if the coupler should re-tune,
frequency comparison is employed. This causes the coupler to tune whenever
the transmit frequency changes independent of the VSWR reading.
3. Extensive tuning paths are used to test different antenna situations. The
initial tuning of a new frequency (or switched antenna) will require up to two
seconds. Any further tuning is accomplished in a matter of milliseconds if
jumper JP2 (Tune From Memory) is in its default position.
4. Facilities and algorithms are used which enable accurate tuning at the low
end of the frequency band—even on shorter antennas than previously possible.
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SG-231 MANUAL
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5. The BITE (Built-In-Test-Equipment) Indicator Tune LED includes a safety
feature that alerts the operator to a mismatched condition, with blinking
indicators, when proper tuning conditions have not been met. In this situation,
the software will “time out” within 20 seconds unless a new frequency is
sensed, which will cause an immediate time out, and the coupler will attempt
to match the new frequency.
The microprocessor of the coupler “wakes up” every time the coupler has for-ward
power. However, re-tuning takes place only if the frequency has changed or the VSWR
exceeds 2:1.
8.1 Program Description
When DC power is applied, the computer initializes the processor registers in
accordance with the hardware. All tuning elements are then removed and the 'tune'
indicators are turned off. At this time the computer reverts to a "sleep" mode awaiting
RF power.
Detecting no forward power. When RF power is detected, the CPU will perform a test
to verify forward power is present. If no forward power is detected, the computer will
revert to the Stop mode. If forward power is detected, the CPU next checks the Hold
signal from the SmartLock. If the user has switched on the Tuned Lock function of the
SmartLock Pro, the Hold line will be low and the CPU will not proceed with the tuning
algorithm. It will wait for forward power to be shut off and return to Stop mode.
Detecting forward power. Once forward power is detected and the SmartLock Pro is
switched to Normal, the current coupler settings are sent to the relays. Next, the VSWR
is checked and the frequency is measured. If the VSWR is greater than 2:1 or a
difference in frequency is detected, the program branches to the re-tune program. If it
is determined that the VSWR is less than 2:1 and the frequency has not changed, the
computer returns to the Stop mode.
Re-tuning. Once it is determined that re-tuning is necessary, a test is made to see if JP2
is set to tune from memory. If the result is re-tuning from memory, settings are recalled
from the EEPROM based on the frequency measured.
The recalled data is then tested for validity. If the data proves invalid, it is bypassed
and re-tuning is performed. If the data recalled proves valid, the data is sent to the
relays and the VSWR is checked. If the VSWR is less than 2:1, the program branches to
the “OK Tuned” section of the program. If the VSWR is found to be greater than 2:1,
the program branches to the “re-tune” program.
Selecting tuning path. Several tests are made to determine which tuning algorithm or
path should be used to tune the coupler. These tests are based on frequency, antenna
input impedance, antenna phase, and VSWR. Numerous sub-routines are executed
repeatedly, depending on the status of the criteria mentioned above, in order to achieve
proper tuning.
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SG-231 MANUAL
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Signaling “no-tune.” Should the initial primary tuning sequence prove unsuccessful,
secondary algorithms are attempted until all possible routines have been exhausted. If,
after the secondary attempts, the coupler still cannot achieve a proper VSWR, the
program branches to a “no-tune” program. Here, the LED's and remote tune indicator
will blink on and off for about 15 seconds to tell the user a proper VSWR could not be
found. After the indicators stop blinking, the program waits for forward power to cease
(if it has not ceased already) and returns to stop mode. At this point the user should try
several other frequencies. If the “no-tune” condition persists, check the installation of
the antenna, coupler, radio, and ground system for possible problems.
Signaling “OK tune.” If the coupler achieves a good VSWR during the tuning
sequence, the program branches to the “OK Tune” section of the code. Here, the tune
indicators are engaged. A test is then made to check if JP2 is set to tune from memory.
If so, the frequency is measured and the tuning elements used are saved in memory
coupled with a verification code.
Once saved, a test is made on JP1 to check if the duplex mode has been selected. If so,
the transmit tuning elements remain in circuit until the receive mode is verified. At this
time, all tuning elements are removed.
The frequency is then saved for future comparison and the CPU reverts back to the
STOP mode.
8.2 Tuning Paths
As mentioned previously, various tests are executed to determine the most logical
tuning sequence to be performed. Dependent on the test results, additional tests and
appropriate sub-routines are executed throughout the tuning process. Following are
examples of the activity that occurs when the coupler must be matched to a frequency
that requires a slightly longer or shorter antenna:
8.2.1 Antenna Too Short
Antenna
L1
5 0 ohms
C in
Once the coupler has verified RF power, the tuning sequence proceeds as follows:
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SG-231 MANUAL
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1. Series inductance is added until the phase is deemed as being inductive. At
this point it is normal for the input impedance to be low.
2. Input capacitance is added until the antenna is no longer inductive.
3. The program will continue to increment the series inductance in .125 µH
steps—each time normalizing the input impedance with input capacitance until
a low VSWR is measured of less than 2:1. This process will continue until the
VSWR has climbed back to higher than 2:1 or the impedance has become high.
4. The settings that gave the lowest VSWR have been kept in memory and are
now recalled to verify it is a low VSWR
5. At this point the tune indicators are engaged. The current relay data is
saved if JP2 is set to tune from memory; if JP1 is set to the tune elements out
during receive position, the program waits until forward power is no longer
present, then removes all tuning elements. The frequency is saved for future
frequency comparison, and the computer reverts to the Stop mode.
8.2.2 Antenna Too Long
Antenna
L1
50 ohms
C out
Once the coupler has verified RF power, the tuning sequence proceeds as follows:
1. Output capacitance is added until the phases switches to capacitive.
2. At this point, series inductance is added until the antenna is no longer
capacitive.
3. Fine tuning is performed by trying a small amount of input capacitance (this
may or may not be required).
4. At this point, the program executes the same as step 5 (above).
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
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SG-231 MANUAL
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The preceding gives a simplified program flow on only two possible antenna
conditions. Much more complex tuning is normally the case. Further detailed
description, however, is beyond the scope of this manual.
8.2.3 JP1—Tuning Elements Out During Receive
(Factory Default Setting: No)
YES In this position the software will retain data required in transmit to
match the coupler while removing all tuning elements when no forward
power is detected.
NO In this position the coupler will retain the required tuning data and
will change nothing whether in receive or transmit.
If typical operation is out of band duplex, Yes would be most likely to give better
performance. If in band operation is typical and duplex or simplex is the predominant
mode of operation, then No is usually the better choice.
8.2.4 Jp2—Tune From Memory
(Factory Default Setting: Yes)
YES In this position the coupler will recall data previously saved and
try this data before attempting to re-tune. If the data is valid and the
VSWR is less than 2:1 the tune is completed. In this position the coupler
will save any new data in its memory for any frequency. A new frequency
must first be learned, while in this mode, before it can be recalled.
NO In this position, the coupler will not use previously saved tuning
data. Each time a different frequency is selected, the coupler will proceed
through a complete tuning sequence.
Clearly, the advantage of Yes is speed. The coupler will seem to be matched instantly
when in this position, if the frequency being used has previously been saved in
EEPROM. Disadvantages include a difference in frequency too small for the computer
to detect. This would result in recall of valid data that may not necessarily present the
best match.
We suggest starting with JP2 in the Yes position. If operation is as expected, don't
change it.
Note: The SG-231 does provide a way to by-pass tuning from memory
even with JP2 set to Yes. To do this the SmartLock Pro must be installed. If the
coupler tunes from memory and you want the coupler to try to find a better
setting, do the following:
1. Switch the SmartLock Pro to Tune Lock.
2. Press the reset button whiled the Tune Locked LED is flashing.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
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SG-231 MANUAL
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3. Switch Tune Lock back to Normal.
Now when RF power is applied, the coupler will proceed through the tuning
algorithm and when a solution is achieved, these settings will overwrite previous
settings for that particular frequency. To return to normal tuning from memory,
simply press the reset button while the SmartLock Pro is set on Normal.
9.0 SmartLock Pro Operation
The SmartLock Pro allows the operator to have additional control over the SG-231. It is
not required for normal operation of the coupler.
9.1 Tune, Tune Lock, and Reset
Tuned (green LED)
Turns on when the coupler has successfully tuned.
Normal/Tune Lock
Toggle switch that allows user to prevent coupler re-tuning
by switching to the Tune Lock position. When in the Tune
Lock position, the red LED blinks to notify the user that the
coupler is locked on the current setting.
Reset
Pushing the red reset button allows the coupler to be reset.
This is preferable to the other method of turning the input
power off and on.
9.2 SmartLock Pro Notes
The Tune Lock function is in most cases unneeded. Inadvertent re-tuning is a rare
occurrence. Re-tuning may occur when the environment or antenna system has
changed. In this case, re-tuning is within normal operation of the coupler. However,
the function is still provided with the SG-231 to be used if desired.
The SG-231 can also override the Tune From Memory jumper setting. In some cases, a
recalled setting from memory may yield a VSWR less than 2:1 but may not be the best
setting attainable. For this situation, the coupler can be forced to re-tune and store the
new settings in memory.
To do this, first switch to the Tune Lock position and then push the reset button. Now,
switch back to Normal position. This activates the Tune From Memory by-pass. Every
new frequency transmitted on will cause the coupler to re-tune and store the new
setting in memory, overwriting any previous settings. To return to normal Tune From
Memory, simply push the reset button while in Normal Position.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
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P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
47
10.0 Troubleshooting
Only a small number of installation mistakes can be made. These will fall into one of
several categories: ground fault, cable fault, and antenna fault. There is also a slight
chance of an electrical fault in the coupler.
When you are troubleshooting the SG-231 and you understand that there are three
variables, you should change each variable, in sequence, to determine where the
problem lies. If you change the ground, antenna, or supply voltage, you are bound to
change the performance of the coupler.
10.1 Ground Faults
Common ground faults include faulty counterpoise, indecisive ground, differing
resistance, improper bonding, and problems resulting from inaccurate assumptions.
Faulty counterpoise. The most common problem encountered here is when an
installation has been made without a proper counterpoise. If the counterpoise is
electrically smaller than the antenna, the system may load “upside down”—where the
antenna acts as the counterpoise and the counterpoise radiates. When this condition
occurs, the operator may encounter “RF Bites” from touching metal objects connected to
the counterpoise.
Indecisive ground. A second kind of ground fault occurs when the decision whether
the ground or the antenna should radiate is difficult. When this condition is
encountered (usually at a frequency where the counterpoise is near resonance), the
coupler may cycle repeatedly. This condition may be addressed as follows:
• You may give short bursts of CW and when the coupler stops in a tuned
condition, as indicated by the remote tuned LED, you may invoke the SmartLock
Pro Tune Lock function, thus forcing the coupler to retain correct settings.
• You may simply change the ground system so that it becomes larger than the
antenna at the problem frequency.
Differing resistance. The third kind of ground fault that we encounter occurs when a
ground system and an antenna have very different electrical resistance. This happens
when you install a very conductive copper antenna wire in an aircraft. When the
fuselage is used as a counterpoise, the aluminum must be much bigger than would a
copper ground because the internal resistance of aluminum is significantly higher than
copper.
By the way, this is why we don't like to use aluminum ground wires as radials. Just as
when aluminum is used in house wiring, several gauges larger are needed to carry the
same amount of current the same need applies here.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
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P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
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Improper bonding. The fourth kind of ground fault you may encounter occurs where
the ground is not properly bonded to the coupler. We go to considerable effort to make
sure the stainless steel ground stud is well connected to the coupler.
Particularly in automobiles and aircraft, a single ground connection will not do. It is
mandatory that at least two ground bolt connections are used.
Inaccurate assumptions. The fifth situation to check for is what we call “dangerous
assumptions” about the ground system. When you bond from the antenna coupler to
copper or iron water pipes, you might make an assumption that the water pipes are a
good ground. But in many installations, copper pipes are used in the building but a
plastic main connects to the municipal system just outside the service entrance. So
much for a good ground.
10.2 Antenna Faults
The key to getting the most out of your Smartuner is to realize the antenna begins right
at the high voltage screw on the SG-231 case. In other words, this is the feed point of
your antenna system. Failing to install your coupler accordingly will result in
unsatisfactory operation. With this concept in mind, you can easily avoid some of the
common troubles with a properly planned installation.
Coaxial cable on output. Coax on the output is probably the single most commonly
asked question about the coupler and is the most misunderstood. Let us reiterate: The
Smartuner was not designed to feed a piece of coax.
Stray ground capacitance. Stray ground capacitance is the next largest cause of
malfunctioning installations. If you have a long lead wire from the coupler to a feedthrough (on a wall or bulkhead), you significantly increase your chance of problems.
Wire running parallel to a grounded surface may represent a significant capacitance to
ground and, just as with coax, this will cause problems.
To give you an idea how these two points can cause problems, let us relate an incident
that happened in late 1992. A Smartuner user had a coupler installed in a mobile ham
radio installation. The coupler could not find a lock on several bands. After going
through his installation carefully, the user called SGC for technical support. This user
was nearing wit’s end.
In working through the logical troubleshooting process with him, we discovered that he
had used coaxial feed line from the insulator on the coupler to the antenna feed point.
Because he had read about the dangers of capacitance to ground in an earlier edition of
this manual, he did not have the coax shield grounded. We had him remove the
ungrounded braid and the installation worked fine.
Experiences like this have taught us to be fanatical about using the shortest possible
wire and no coax on the output of the coupler.
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P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
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Another key lesson here is that even if you have a low capacitance lead, a high
capacitance antenna will not work well. If you have a whip type antenna, mounted on
the back of a van, you will have a large portion of the antenna running right next to
grounded sheet metal. This causes a high loss to ground, one reason why we do not
recommend CB type whip antennas. The other reason is the base insulation in ball
mounts is inadequate for everything but extremely low power.
Long lead lines. If you have a Smartuner feeding a 9-foot antenna with a 1-foot feed
line located inside a hull or inside a vehicle, you have 10% of the antenna where it will
do you no good. If you have more than 5% of the antenna inside a grounded cabin, you
will begin to lose performance.
A good rule of thumb is that under one foot of feed line is a good installation, one to
two feet aren't very good installations, and over two feet means you are asking for
trouble.
“Odd reactance.” The next category of antenna fault is what we call the “odd reactance”
problem. Although the Smartuner is an exceptionally well-designed product, you may
from time to time find an antenna length that just won’t quite work right. Generally
this occurs when the Smartuner is having a tough time making up its mind about which
of two tuning solutions is better. If it is a very close call, you can have an antenna
which causes cycling and just won't stay locked.
The solution in such cases is to add or subtract a couple of feet of wire from the antenna.
This generally cures the problem.
As part of your check-out of an HF system, you should operate on all channels and
frequencies which you plan to use on a regular basis to insure the coupler and antenna
which you have provided work well.
Antenna insulators. Sporadic operation may be caused by poor antenna insulators. We
have seen on sailboats, for example, people trying to save money by expecting the
fiberglass hull to act as an insulator and not using a lower insulator. The hull is not a
good insulator and a thin layer of wet salt water will degrade the ground further.
Similarly, mobile HF users who rely on a poor quality ball-mount find these are
especially prone to arc over inside the ball mount where it is difficult to detect.
The point we are making here is simply this: you should have a leakage path of 2 inches
at all points on your antenna and especially in the area of the feed point: 10,000 to
30,000 volts of RF energy will not be adequately confined by inexpensive insulators.
10.3 Transmitter Faults
Some vexing problems don't relate directly to the antenna or the ground system but
may nonetheless cause difficulties. Here are two of the most common types:
Oscillation. The transmitter may have a tendency to oscillate. The general symptom is
that the coupler will work well with another radio but will not tune correctly when the
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 MANUAL
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desired radio is in place. The coupler finds a tuning solution, as indicated by the
remote tune indicator going on, but then resumes hunting. In a majority of cases this
will be caused by an overly sensitive transmitter final amplifier section or by inadequate
shielding around the amplifier.
We know of several radios that oscillate relatively easier than most radios because they
are housed in a plastic case. A plastic case does not provide an adequate shield for
serious RF components. In some of these cases, putting grounded foil around the radio,
or changing the radio location and orientation, has changed the symptoms. But if you
want quality performance, select a solid radio.
Power supply. Power supplies have been known to cause problems for HF users
because they change voltage when the load on them changes. If the transmitter is
drawing heavy current, as transmitters do when they are running at peak input power,
the voltage to the antenna coupler may change enough to cause the coupler to either
drop into a reset mode (under +11 VDC being present) or, the transmitter final
amplifier impedance may change greatly, thus changing the tuning solution.
To alleviate this condition, remember to use a power supply that has both adequate
current handling capacity and good dynamic regulation. Better yet, use a regulated
power supply of an adequate rating.
10.4 A Final Pointer on Troubleshooting
Remember that the SG-231 is an excellent piece of equipment that will give outstanding
performance. If you have a problem with the coupler finding a tuning solution, you
should change one variable at a time.
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: (425) 746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.sgcworld.com
11.0 Index
Accessories 7
Antenna
Aircraft 20
Apartment Loop 18
Emergency 23
Faults 47
Installation 25
Insulator 48
Location 26
Recommended 8
Recreational Vehicle 19
Selection 9
Small loop 19
Too long 43
Too Short 42
Types 9
V type 9
Coupler Configuration 37
Electrical Checkout 35
Alternate 35
Experience 1
Extension cable 7
General Information 1
Ground Faults 46
Impedance Detector 38
Initialization 39
Installation
ALINCO DX-70 32
Direct Weather Protection 5
High Temperature 5
Procedures 30
Remote 6
SG-2000 31
© 11/00 SGC, Inc.
Smartlock Pro 32
51
Tactical 23
Typical 11
Marine Grounds 27
Marine Mounting 5
Mechanical Design 4
Mounting 30
Network Configuration 3
Overall Description 2
Parts Furnished 8
Phase Detector 38
Program Description 41
Quick Start Guide i
Schematics 50
Smartlock Pro
Notes 45
Operation 45
Specifications 7
Technical Support 8
Transmitter Faults 48
Troubleshooting 45
Tune From Memory 44
Tuning Paths 42
Tuning Process 37, 40
Upgrade Sequence 7
User Supplied Items 8
Vehicle Grounds 27
VSWR Detector 38
What Is an Antenna Coupler 1
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA. 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: 425-746-6384
Tel: (425) 746-6310
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SG-231 Manual
Appendix— QMS System
Note: This is general information on our QMS
Systems and is
not specific to this particular product.
Introduction
SGC’s QMS (Quick Mount System) is the newest addition to the many outstanding
products manufactured by SGC, Inc. that incorporate the latest technological
developments in both design and craftsmanship. Featuring state of the a
technology in microprocessor-based communication equipment, the QMS represents high reliability backed by over 28 years of communication experience.
NOTE: SGC, Inc. retains the right to change, modify, delete and
add to the QMS series at any time without notice.
Unpacking QMS
We recommend unpacking the QMS antenna system and inspecting the contents. This is necessary to ensure that no damage has occurred due to shipping
and that all items are accounted for as verified from the packing list as follows:
One QMS Manual
One Warranty Card
One QMS Black Anodized Assembly complete
with four straps (each two feet long)
Note: If the QMS is purchased in a package configuration, please refer to the
coupler and antenna manuals for their packing lists of the items supplied.
QMS Installation Instructions
The QMS (Quick Mount System) antenna and coupler system can be mounted in
virtually any location convenient to the user. Some consideration may
given, however, to the items listed below:
Installation Considerations
1.
Locate the QMS system as far from the engine as possible. This should
reduce interference generated by the engine, spark plug noise, etc. from getting into the antenna system.
2.
If possible, mounting your QMS in an area clear of objects will reduce
the danger of damaging the QMS. For instance, if driving in rough terrain, the
QMS is likely to be hit by trees, stumps, or rocks. If the unit were mounted on
the back of the vehicle, damage would be less likely to occur than if a si
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: 425-746-6384 Tel: 425- 746-6310 or 1-800-259 7331
© 2000 SGC Inc
E-mail: [email protected] Web site: http://www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 Manual
3.
If you will be traveling in an area where overhead restrictions
prevent use of your SG-303 antenna, the antenna should be folded down a
secured to prevent damage from brush, trees, or low structures.
SG-303 antenna
See Inset
Detail
Straps and
Tension
Buckle
QMS Antenna Tuner
Mounting System
for Your SSB
QMS
Universal
Mount
System
Suction
cups (4)
SG-235 Coup
installed ins
QMS TM
enclosure
Figure A-1—QMS installation on the rear deck of a sedan
© 2000 SGC Inc
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: 425-746-6384 Tel: 425- 746-6310 or 1-800-259 7331
E-mail: [email protected] Web site: http://www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 Manual
4.
When connecting the coupler to the radio/transceiver, a passageway for the contro
(consisting of an RG-58 coax cable, control wire, power, and ground, plus the optional tune
cator wire) will need to be provided.
Note: By removing the four screws for the ratchet mount base of the SG-303 antenna, the
can be installed or reinstalled to provide the user with the set-up most suitable for the applica
Insure the screws are tightly secured after reinstallation.
5.
Once a location for the QMS has been selected, mounting becomes a simple tas
enclosure mounts in virtually any attitude and the straps can be moved to either side of the e
sure to accommodate the vehicle (see Figures A-1, A-2, and A-3 for typical installations).
Figure A-2—Side view of QMS installation on the side of a small van
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: 425-746-6384 Tel: 425- 746-6310 or 1-800-259 7331
© 2000 SGC Inc
E-mail: [email protected] Web site: http://www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 Manual
Figure A-3—Mounting atop large truck cab
Installation Precautions
To ensure safe operation of your QMS system, the following in
mechanical, and electrical precautions should always be taken:
1.
Insure that all four straps are pulled down tightly and the suction cup
feet have been securely compressed.
© 2000 SGC Inc
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: 425-746-6384 Tel: 425- 746-6310 or 1-800-259 7331
E-mail: [email protected] Web site: http://www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 Manual
2.
Insure that the high voltage wire protruding from your antenna system
is not routed near any metallic objects such as your vehicle’s frame or metal
posts. This wire is part of the flexible insulator of your QMS system.
3.
Insure that the ground braid is attached to a good vehicle ground system. Do not run ground currents through any hinges. Be sure to make the
ground braid as short as possible. Remove all paint and rust from your grounding area. Remember, your ground system is one half of your antenna system.
4.
Locate the control wire to the QMS, from the transceiver/radio, away
from any other wiring inside your vehicle. This control wire contains a high
power RF coax cable which can radiate into other wires (such as your head-totransceiver control cables) causing feedback in your transceiver.
5.
The webbing, buckles, and hooks of your QMS have a rating of 1,00
pounds. Ensure that the hooks are attached to a suitable structure, such as a
trunk lid, or something that will not cave in when the straps are pulled tightly
to secure the unit.
In no case should the operator use fewer than the four straps provided to secure the unit. The suction cups alone will not provide
sufficient mounting for the QMS.
6.
When locating the gutter clip (which secures your SG-303 antenn
when not in use), mount the unit in a location where the tip of the SG-3
antenna is easily accessible for threading through the “O” ring. Failure t
thread the SG-303 antenna could result in damage both to the antenna and to
your vehicle.
7.
When the QMS system is securely fastened to your vehicle, route the
control cable to your transceiver. Any 150 wattΩPEP,
transceiver
50
may be
used. The control cable consists of four wires: one RG-58 coax cable and three
small wires (for connections, refer to the SGC coupler manual).
8.
Refer to QMS system illustration for dimensions and mounting details.
When you are confident that items 1 through 8 have been th
checked, you are ready to install the tip of the SG-303 antenna. Be sur
secure all items with the appropriate tool and to read all product manuals prior
to installation or operation.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: 425-746-6384 Tel: 425- 746-6310 or 1-800-259 7331
© 2000 SGC Inc
E-mail: [email protected] Web site: http://www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 Manual
WARNING: If you do not properly and securely attach this unit to
the vehicle and it comes loose, the speed of the vehicle may cause
the unit to injure others.
General Installation Information
The mobile communication tips found below apply to any mobile installation,
not merely to the QMS or other SGC product.
•
For the best performance and radiation, always mount your
antenna system on the highest part of the vehicle. Approximately 3 to
15 dB in radiation performance may be gained in simply re-positioning
your antenna system from a low to a high point.
•
Never use your antenna system while the antenna is reclining
against the body or the roof of the vehicle. In this situation, you may
find your antenna system performance varies from 6 to 15dB making it
difficult or impossible for your coupler to find a proper tuning position.
•
The noise generated in your vehicle can, in some cases, totally
obliterate your receiving signal. A noise blanker cannot eliminate the
noise; it can only help reduce the consequences associated with the
noise generated. It may in some cases give you a clearer signal.
•
The most efficient way to approach a vehicular noise problem is
to eliminate the noise at its source. Upon finding the source, use the
appropriate technique to eliminate the noise, replacing the defective
item if need be. Use only the appropriate filter component to filter out
any noise (before it radiates to your antenna).
•
For the connection to the battery system of your radio, use a
heavy gauge wire (not less than six gauge). Never use your chassis
ground return for your negative line connection.
Doing so will cause you to lose too much in line voltage and
pick up un necessary electrical vehicle noise. Always make a
direct connection from the radio to the battery. Remember
you need as much input power as possible to generate the
most output power possible.
•
If you use your radio system often, you may consider the use of a
small sealed 40 AH gel cell battery, which requires no service, mounted
directly next to your radio. It will provide you the best overall
performance and will eliminate a great deal of electrical noise you
might find in your line.
© 2000 SGC Inc
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: 425-746-6384 Tel: 425- 746-6310 or 1-800-259 7331
E-mail: [email protected] Web site: http://www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 Manual
Use of the gel cell battery may require a lesser gauge wire
to recharge, in comparison to the large wire required to
connect the radio directly to the main battery.
•
In the charging line of this auxiliary battery, you may want a
diode of 100 Amp. capacity to allow the battery to be charged, so as not
to discharge with the rest of the electrical system. (You could use this
auxiliary battery, in an emergency situation, to jump the main
battery. To do this, however, you must provide a local or remote switch to allow
the battery to operate the electrical system of the vehicle (temporarily)
start the engine.)
Additional Installation Suggestions
Suction Cups
Protecting Painted Surfaces When applying the high suction devices
incorporated into the QMS, it is important to observe two important
rules:
• Surfaces must be cleaned prior to installation to prevent scratching.
• Surfaces must be protected during removal to prevent marring.
Eliminating Damage to Painted Surfaces.
The suction cups on
your QMS are of extremely high quality. They will provide excellent
service for many years provided you follow certain basic cautions
when using them:
• When you are applying the suction cups, prepare the surface by
cleaning with mild detergent and rinsing thoroughly. The clean
surface, free of scratches, will provide superior holding power.
• If the QMS being applied has been used previously, the suction cups
should be cleaned with mild detergent and water, then rinsed
thoroughly.
• Spread a thin layer of silicon grease, or pharmaceutical grade
lubricant such as “Vaseline,” around the edge of the suction cup
w h e r e i t c o m e si n c o n t a c w
t i t h t h e s u r f a c eo f t h e v e h i c l e .
Refer to Figure A-4 on the following page:
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: 425-746-6384 Tel: 425- 746-6310 or 1-800-259 7331
© 2000 SGC Inc
E-mail: [email protected] Web site: http://www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 Manual
Figure A-4—Suction Cup (underside view)
Apply silicon grease
to shaded area
This will prevent slow leakage of air, which will reduce the holding
power of the suction cups over time. It will also protect the painted
surface.
If the surface of the vehicle is very rough, the installation procedure
remains the same. The suction cup will have to be pressed against the
vehicle surface in the same way, but more lubricant may be necessary.
Tightening the QMS Straps. The QMS enclosure must be tightly
strapped to the vehicle. To ensure it is properly strapped, grab the base
of the antenna mounted on the QMS and push firmly up and down. The
vehicle should move up and down, but the QMS should not. If the QMS
moves and the vehicle does not, increase the tension on the QMS straps.
Removing the QMS. Wash the vehicle in the area around the suction
cups before removing. This will reduce any chance of surface marring.
•
Release suction by applying a rolling sideways motion to the tabs
on the suction cups as shown in the following drawing:
Q
M
S
S
R
© 2000 SGC Inc
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H
c
e
t
l
e
o
i
u
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SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: 425-746-6384 Tel: 425- 746-6310 or 1-800-259 7331
E-mail: [email protected] Web site: http://www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 Manual
•
To make removal of the unit easier, you may slide a piece of paper
between the suction cup and the vehicle surface (see Figure A-3). In
this way, each of the suction cup tabs may be loosened sequentially as
shown:
Storing Your QMS.
To store your QMS unit for long periods of time,
apply a thin coating of talcum powder to the suction cups. This
treatment increases the life span of rubber products.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: 425-746-6384 Tel: 425- 746-6310 or 1-800-259 7331
© 2000 SGC Inc
E-mail: [email protected] Web site: http://www.sgcworld.com
Qu i c k Mo u n t S y s te m
QMS-7
for mobile HF and VHF use
Antenna Coupler System
• QMS-7 offers unsurpassed
frequency agility without
user intervention
• SG-231 Smartuner
automatic antenna coupler,
SG-307 extended full-range
antenna, and weather
resistant QMS-7 package
• 3.5 MHz —continuous—
instant tuning while you
drive
• Rated for use on moving
vehicles at up to 75 miles
(120km) per hour
I
t makes no diff e rence where you
go or what vehicle you drive, the
QMS-7 will provide exceptional
auto-tuning with any HF and VHF
transceiver.
®
No Compromise Communications
SGC, Inc., P.O. Box 3526 , Bellevue, WA 98009 USA
Tel: 425-746-6310 or 1-800-259-7331 Fax: 425-746-6384
E-mail— [email protected] Web site— http://www.sgcworld.com
SGC reserves the right to modify specifications without notice.
The QMS-7 Antenna Coupler System
Specifications:
QMS-7—
Mounting coupler and antenna outside the
vehicle reduces engine noise, interference and
eliminates feed loss. It can be quickly installed
and easily moved from vehicle to vehicle. No
drilling or vehicle modifications are required.
Industrial suction cups secure the QMS-7 to the
vehicle, without damaging the finish, and high
strength straps and buckles complete the job
and give structural integrity.
Antenna Coupler
SG-231—
Smartuner HF/VHF antenna coupler is the working brain inside the QMS-7 system. Use the SG-231 to automatically tune just about any antenna (7 feet minimum) to 3 to 100 watt
HF/VHF transceivers from 1 to 60 MHz. It
automatically evaluates and switches over 4
million possible combinations of input
capacitance, output capacitance, and series
inductance to ensure a perfect match
between the transceiver and the antenna.
The SG-231 Smartuner remembers the chosen frequency and tuning values and will
automatically reselect these values—in less
than 10 ms—each time you transmit on that frequency. It operates
with any HF and VHF transceiver.
Marine and Mobile Antenna
SG-307— a durable and lightweight antenna designed for
mobile applications. It’s a high efficiency radiator, by virtue of
its dual element design. In construction, a single fiberglass whip,
helically wound, has a primary resonance at 8 MHz and a
secondary resonance at 25 MHz. So at lower frequencies—those
under approximately 25 MHz—
the SG-307 will vastly outper- S G - 3 0 7 — industrial strength
form a conventional 9-foot whip spring and rubber booting allow for
antenna. The QMS puts the 90° flexibility of antenna.
entire antenna system outside
the vehicle for high efficiency and low noise.
SGC reserves the right to modify specifications without notice.
®
No Compromise Communications
SGC, Inc., P.O. Box 3526 , Bellevue, WA 98009
USA Tel: 425-746-6310 or 1-800-259-7331
Fax: 425-746-6384
E-mail: [email protected]
Web site:http://www.sgcworld.com
QMS-7
Total QMS system weight:
12.5lb. (5.6kg)
Overall case dimensions:
13.5 x 10 x 4.3 inches
(34 x 26 x 10 cm)
Housing finish:
Black hard anodized
Maximum strap length: 2 ft.
Maximum
strap tension:
2000 lb.
Strap width:
1 in.
Maximum allowable
vehicle speed:
75 miles
(120 km) per hour
SG-231 Smartuner
Frequency
range:
1 to 60 MHz
Maximum RF
Power:
100 watts
Input Impedance
range:
45 to 55 Ω
VSWR:
Typical—
less than 1.4:1
DC input
requirements:
13.6 VDC
Input current:
Average
.9 amps
Random set time:
Typical— less
than 2 seconds
Recurrent set time:
Typical— less
than 10 milliseconds
Non-volatile
memory addresses: 170 BIN
SG-307 Antenna
Frequency range: 3.5 to 60 MHz
Maximum RF Power:
150 watts PEP voice or CW
Length:
7 ft., including
adjustable ratchet
mount and spring
Equivalent:
23-foot antenna
Design: helically wound
Q M S Antenna
Coupler System
The Quick Mount System
for any mobile HF rig
No Compromise
Communications
• QMS offers unsurpassed frequency
agility needing no
user intervention
• QMS includes SGC
Smartuner automatic
antenna coupler,
extended full-range
antenna, and weather
resistant QMS
package
QMS Descriptions:
QMS-b2 cat. #55-47
includes the SG-230
(200W)
1.8 to 30 MHz
SG-303 9 ft. antenna
QMS-b3 cat. #55-48
includes the SG-235
(500W)
3.0 to 30 MHz
SG-303 9 ft. antenn a
QMS-a7 cat. #55-49
includes the SG-231
(100W)
3.5 to 60 MHz
Includes VHF bands
SG-307 7 ft. antenna
(QMS-7 not shown)
®
1-800-259-7331
The SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th Street, P.O. Box 3526, Bellevue, WA 98009 USA
No Compromise Communications
Phone: 425-746-6310 FAX: 425-746-6384
E-mail: [email protected] Website:http://www.sgcworld.com
© October 2000 SGC, Inc.
The QMS Antenna System
S
Specifications:
(QMS-7 specifications included on separate brochure.)
trap the QMS on your favorite family or business vehicle. You’ll
find it gives any HF-SSB superior frequency agility and
exceptional performance.
The SGC Smartuner automatic antenna coupler, the SG-303
extended full-range antenna, and the special exterior QMS mounting
package comprise the QMS. Mounting coupler and antenna outside
the vehicle reduces engine noise and interference.
It can be quickly installed and easily moved from vehicle to
vehicle). No drilling or vehicle modifications are required. Industrial
suction cups secure the QMS to the vehicle, without damaging the
finish, and high strength straps and buckles complete the job and give
structural integrity.
QMS (Quick Mount System)
QMS-b2 cat.# 55-47
QMS-b3 cat.# 55-48
Total QMS system weight:
21 lb.
Overall QMS case dimensions
18 x 12 x 5 in.
Housing finish:
Black hard anodized
Maximum strap length: 5.5 ft.
Maximum strap tension:
2000 lb.
Strap width:
1 in.
Maximum allowable vehicle
speed:
75 miles per hour
SMARTUNERS
T
he SG-303 is a durable and lightweight antenna designed for
mobile applications. It’s a high efficiency radiator, by virtue of its
dual element design. In construction, a single fiberglass whip, helically
wound, has a primary resonance at 10 MHz and a secondary resonance
at 22 MHz. So at lower frequencies—those under approximately 20
MHz—the SG-303 will vastly outperform a conventional 9-foot whip
antenna. The QMS puts the entire antenna system outside the vehicle
for high efficiency and low noise.
T
he Smartuner HF antenna coupler is the working brain inside the
QMS system. It automatically evaluates and switches 64 input and 32
output capacitance combinations, plus 256 inductance combinations in
a π network. The result is over a halfmillion different ways to ensure a perfect • microprocessor
controlled
match between the transceiver and the
antenna. Smartuner remembers the cho- • non-volatile
memory
sen frequency and tuning values and will
automatically reselect these values—in • 16” D x 12” W x 3” H
• 1.8 to 30MHz range
less than 10 ms—each time you transmit • water resistant
on that frequency. It operates with any
HF transceiver.
(See QMS-7 brochure for more options.)
®
No Compromise
Communications
The SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th Street, P.O. Box 3526,
Bellevue, WA 98009 USA
Phone: 425-746-6310 800-259-7331 FAX: 425-746-6384 425-746-7173
E-mail: [email protected] Website:http://www.sgcworld.com
SG-230
SG-235
SG-231
SG-237
cat. # 54-14
cat. # 54-15
cat. # 54-17
cat # 54-18
HF Frequency range:
SG-230
SG-235
SG-231
SG-237
1.8 to 30 MHz
1.8 to 30 MHz
1.0 to 60 MHz
1.8 to 60 MHz
Input Impedance range:
25 to 100 Ω
VSWR: Typical—less than 2:1
DC input Voltage: 13.8 VDC
(SG-230 only option: 24 VDC)
Input current: Average .9 amps
SG-235: 1.4 amps
Random set time:
Typical—
less than 2 seconds
Recurrent set time: Typical—
less than 10 milliseconds
Non-volatile memory
addresses:
170
cat. #QMS-7
55-27
SG-303 antenna
* use with
Frequency range:
1.8 to 30 MHz
Maximum Power:
500 watts PEP voice or CW
Length: 9 ft., including
adjustable ratchet mount
Equivalent: 23-foot antenna
Design:
helically wound
M
SG-303 Antenna
with
SGC Couplers
SG-303
• Heavy duty rubber encapsulated
spring mount
• Heavy duty whip
antenna
• Adjustable 4-way
ratchets
Smartuners
The SG-303, a high performance mobile antenna, is designed
and built to operate in rough terrain and extreme climactic
conditions. It has a lifetime warranty.
The SG-303 antenna is a light-weight and low-cost mobile
antenna for operation between 1.8 and 30 MHz. Nine feet in
length overall, it consists of two sections of helically wound
whip, mounted on a sturdy professional weatherproof rubber
spring. Mounts on an adjustable ratchet mechanism:
• the base adjusts for the best attachment to the vehicle.
• the antenna ratchet permits orienting the whip from
vertical to horizontal.
The SG-303 stands up to the wind loading at highway speeds,
as well as to rain, ice, and the occasional tree branch.
• Waterproof for
all weather
• Built-in test
equipment indicator
• 1.6 to 30 MHz
range
• 3 to 500 watts
(depending on model)
The SGC line of antenna couplers —the famous SGC
“Smartuners”—packed into a sturdy case, mount on the
vehicle as close as possible to the antenna lead-through. Each
one gives almost any HF-SSB a major boost in range and
c l a r i t y. The Smartuner “intelligently” tunes any length
antenna. No preliminary tuning or adjustment is required, and
the Smartuner operates with any HF transceiver in the 1.6—
30 MHz range and with output power from 3 to 500 watts.
Be sure to see SGC's revolutionary mobile QMS
system for mounting antenna and
coupler outside the vehicle.
®
The SGC Building 13737 S.E. 26th Street, Bellevue, WA 98005 USA
Box 3526, Bellevue, WA 98009 USA 425-746-6310 or 1-800-259-7331
Fax: 425-746-6384 E-mail: [email protected] Web site: http://www.sgcworld.com
SG-303
Specifications
HF Frequency
Ranges:
1.8 to 30MHz
Maximum Output
Power:
3 to 500 watts (PEP)
voice or CW
Dual Frequency Resonance:
at 12 and 22 MHz
Antenna structure:
Two sections, 50 inches each
Mount:
Base:
high voltage
insulated 4-way stainless
steel ratchet mount
heavy duty rubber
encapsulated spring mount
Feed-through:
Cable:
high voltage wall
feed-through bushing
(hole = .890 in.)
3 ft. high voltage
wire, one end terminated by a round lug
Combine an
SG-303 with an
SGC coupler for
HF-SSB mobile
operation with
high radiation
performance
Antenna installation. The heavy duty
ratchet mount attaches to a flat surface.
Mount high voltage cable away from
the metal antenna support. Mount the
antenna at the highest point of the
vehicle. The high voltage waterproof
cable feeds through the vehicle body as
close to the base of the antenna as possible.
Smartuner
Specifications
SG-230 - 200 watts
HF Frequency Range:
1.6 to 30MHz
Power Input Range:
3 to 200watts(PEP)
VSWR:
Typical—less than 2:1
DC Input:
+13.6 VDC (24 VDC optional)
SG-231 - 100 watts
HF Frequency Range:
1-60 MHz
Power Input Range:
3 to 100watts(PEP)
VSWR:
Typical—less than 1.4:1
DC Input:
+13.6 VDC (24 VDC optional)
SG-237 - 100 watts
HF Frequency Range:
1.8-60 MHz
Power Input Range:
100watts (PEP)
VSWR:
Typical—less than 1.4:1
DC Input:
+13.8 VDC (24 VDC optional)
SG-235 - 500 watts
HF Frequency Range 1.8 to 30MHz
Power Input Range: 3 to 500 watts(PEP)
VSWR:
Typical—less than 2:1
DC Input:
+13.6VDC
General Specifications
Coupler Installation. The coupler
mounts inside the vehicle and close to
the base of the antenna. Braided straps
make a good ground.
Antenna ratchet mount. The fourway ratchet mount allows the antenna
to be adjusted for operation when the
vehicle is in motion.
Excellent communication under even
adverse weather conditions can be
achieved when the vehicle is moving.
Reclining the antenna. When the
vehicle is travelling, this will avoid
unnecessary exposure to objects like
bridges or trees.
®
No Compromise Communications
The SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th Street, P.O. Box 3526,
Bellevue, WA 98009 USA
Phone: 425-746-6310 800-259-7331 FAX: 425-746-6384 425-746-7173
E-mail: [email protected] Web site:http://www.sgcworld.com
Input Impedance Range:
DC OperatingRange:
Input Current:
Random Set
Times:
Recurrent Set
Times:
45 to 55 Ω
+10.5 to 15 VDC
(24 VDC optional)
Average—.9 amps
Typical—less than
2 seconds
Typical— less than
10 milliseconds
Non-volatile Memory
Addresses:
500
Installation:
Any position
Operating
Temperature:
-35° to +70°C
Environmental:
Size Overall:
Weight:
Case
Construction:
Waterproof at
immersion of half
meter, half hour
16 D x 12 W x 3H inches
40.6Dx 30.5W x 7.6H
centimeters
8 pounds (3.5 kilos)
Plastic ABS
weatherproof case
FOR MOBILE
HF AND VHF
USE
(Cat.#55-28)
(coupler required*)
The SG-307 is designed and built to operate in rough
terrain and extreme climactic conditions. The SG-307 antenna
is a light-weight and low-cost mobile antenna for operation
between 1.8 to 60 MHz.
At only seven feet in length overall,
the SG-307 is mounted on a sturdy
professional weatherproof rubber encapsulated
stainless steel spring.
Mounts on an adjustable ratchet mechanism:
• the base adjusts for the best
attachment to the vehicle.
• the antenna ratchet permits
orienting the whip from
vertical to horizontal.
The SG-307 stands up to the
wind loading at highway
speeds, as well as to rain, ice,
and the occasional tree branch.
SG-307
• Heavy duty rubber
encapsulated
spring mount
• Adjustable 4-way
ratchets
• Heavy Duty Whip
Antenna
SG-231 Smartuner
(recommended)
• Waterproof for all
weather
• 3.5 to 60 MHz
range
• 3.5 to 100 watts
• Built-in test
equipment
indicator
Accompanying SGC's dedication to customer service and
guaranteed product reliability a
lifetime warranty is provided
with the SG-307 antenna.
SG-307 stainless steel ratchet mount with
rubber encapsulated spring mount
®
No Compromise Communications
*Antenna must be used with an antenna coupler such as the SG-231
SGC, Inc., P.O. Box 3526 , Bellevue, WA 98009 USA
Tel: 425-746-6310 or 1-800-259-7331 Fax: 425-746-6384
E-mail: [email protected] Web site: http://www.sgcworld.com
SGC reserves the right to modify specifications without notice.
SG-307 Specifications
SG-231 Smartuner
Use the SG-231 to automatically tune just about any antenna
(7 feet minimum) to HF/VHF transceivers from 1 to 60 MHz.
It automatically evaluates and switches over
4 million possible combinations of input
capacitance,
o u t p u t
capacitance,
and
series
inductance to
ensure a perfect
match between the
transceiver and the
antenna. The SG-231 Smartuner remembers the chosen frequency
and tuning values and will automatically reselect these values—in
less than 10 ms—each time you transmit on that frequency. It operates with any HF and VHF transceiver. (Cat. #54-17)
HF Frequency Ranges: 3.5 to 60MHz
Maximum Output
Power:
150 watts PEP voice or
CW
Dual Frequency
Resonance:
at 8 and 25 MHz
Radiation:
Omnidirectional
Mount:
90º stainless steel base
mount rotator and
threaded male stud 3/8-24
Base:
Heavy duty stainless
steel base spring with
rubber boot, Supplied
with high voltage isolated
mounting base size
10x7x.5 inches
Feed-through:
high voltage wall feedthrough bushing (hole =
.890 in.)
Cable:
3ft. high voltage wire,
one end terminated by a
round lug
Catalog Number:
55-28
Antenna must be used with an antenna coupler such as the SG-231
QMS
SG-231 Specifications
( Universal Quick Mount HF Antenna System)
Mounting coupler and antenna outside the vehicle reduces
engine noise, interference and eliminates feed loss. It can be
quickly installed and easily moved from vehicle to vehicle. No
drilling or vehicle modifications are required. Industrial suction
cups secure the QMS-7 to the vehicle, without damaging
the finish, and high strength straps and buckles complete the
job and give structural integrity. (Cat. #55-49)
Frequency Range:
Power Input
Range:
Input Impedence
Range:
VSWR:
DC Input
Requirement:
Input Current:
Random Set
Times:
Recurrent Set
Times:
Non-volatile Memory
Addresses:
Size Overall:
Weight:
Case Construction:
Catalog Number:
®
No Compromise Communications
1 to 60MHz
3 to 100 watts (PEP)
45 to 55ohms
Typical - less than 1.4:1
+13.6VDC
Average-.9 amps
Typical- less than
4 seconds
Typical-less than 10
milliseconds
170 BINS
11.5D x 9.5W x 1.7H
29.2D x 24.1W x
4.32 H centimeters
3.8 pounds (1.6 kilos)
Plastic ABS weatherproof
case
54-17
1-800-259-7331
SGC, Inc., P.O. Box 3526 , Bellevue, WA 98009 USA
Tel: 425-746-6310 Fax: 425-746-6384
E-mail: [email protected] Web site: http://www.sgcworld.com
SG-231 Manual
SGC Equipment Standard Warranty
SGC wishes you to be satisfied with your new equipment purchase. Most SGC products
are therefore warranted to be without defect in workmanship or materials for a period of one
year from the date of purchase. Proof of a date of purchase is required when requesting warranty
service.
The warranty registration card which is furnished with this product should be returned
immediately to provide evidence of purchase and to assure receipt of important notices regarding your SGC equipment and related services.
In the event of a defect as defined above, SGC shall, at its option, either repair or replace
the product free of charge to the purchaser, provided that:
1. The warranty is limited to the original purchaser and is not assignable.
2. As a condition to obtaining warranty services, purchaser must at its own expense deliver the
product to SGC’s facility in King County, Washington. If purchaser returns a model that is no
longer in stock, SGC reserves the option to replace that unit with another model with comparable
capabilities. SGC may choose the carrier for return of the unit, provided that purchaser may
request an alternative method of shipment.
3. This warranty is void if your SGC product:
a) has not been operated in accordance with all procedures described in the operating
instructions;
b) has been serviced, adapted or modified without written approval by SGC; or
c) is improperly installed, used, or otherwise damaged (including without limitation any
damage by fire, smoke or water).
4. There is no warranty coverage for any of the following:
a) costs of removing or reinstalling the product when submitted for warranty service;
b) incidental, consequential or exemplary damages arising from any defect or failure of
the product (except to the extent that applicable state law may not allow exclusions or
limitations on such damages, in which case this exclusion may not apply to you);
c) any non-performance of the product due to an inadequate or improperly tuned
antenna or grounding system;
d) transmission range or geographical coverage of the product, which are highly variable
in each application;
e) routine maintenance, periodic adjustment or performance testing of the product as
recommended in the operating instructions;
f) normal wear and tear on the product.
5. THIS LIMITED WARRANTY SHALL CONSTITUTE THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE WARRANTY FOR YOUR PRODUCT. SGC DISCLAIMS ANY OTHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY
OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
6. This limited warranty contains the complete obligations of SGC to purchaser in connection
with this product, and it shall supersede all previous oral or written statements or agreements
concerning such obligations. This warranty may only be amended by a writing signed by an
authorized officer of SGC.
7. After expiration of the warranty herein, SGC may continue to offer repair services to keep your
equipment operational. Please inquire as to the prevailing charges for such service.
SGC Inc. SGC Building, 13737 S.E. 26th St. Bellevue, WA 98005 USA
P.O. Box 3526, 98009 Fax: 425-746-6384 Tel: 425- 746-6310 or 1-800-259 7331
E-mail: [email protected] Web site: http://www.sgcworld.com
© 1998 SGC Inc
M
S
SG-231 Smartuner
Automatic Antenna Coupler
for all HF - VHF Transceivers
TM
F E AT U R E S :
• Fully Automatic Operation with
•
•
•
•
any HF and low-band VHF
Transceiver
Perfect tuning solution for
almost any antenna
Continuous coverage of
1 - 60 MHz
Complete frequency agility
with no operator intervention
Compact design, fits the most
restrictive installations
The SG-231 joins the SGC series of “Smartuners” which
use microprocessor control of a π (pi) or L network to match
virtually any load to any transceiver. The traditional π (pi)
network is retained with a combination of more than
4 million steps compared to the SG-230 with a half million
steps.
Use the SG-231 to automatically tune just about any
antenna (8 feet minimum) to 3 - 100 watt HF and low-band
VHF transceivers from 1 to 60 MHz.
Requiring only 13.6VDC input, the SG-231 is ideal for
mobile and base station users. Its lightweight, slim design and
universal mounting plate allow for quick and easy
installation in any location. The SG-231’s weatherproof design
is excellent for outdoor use.
With SGC’s years of proven SmartunerTM technology and
customer satisfaction, the SG-231 is the superior coupler for
any application. Make the “smart” choice today!
SGC Catalog Number: 54-17
SGC uses high quality
components in every
product
The SGC Building 13737 S.E. 26th Street, Bellevue, WA 98005 USA
Box 3526, Bellevue, WA 98009 USA (425) 746-6310 or 1-800-259-7331
FAX: (425)-746-6384 E-mail: [email protected] World Wide Web: sgcworld.com
© Copyright November 2000 SGC, Inc.
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