r The 1996 Buick Roadmaster Owner’s Manual ............................................................. This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly. It also explains “SRS” system. FeaturesandControls .................................................................. This section explains howto start and operate your Buick. Comfort Controls and Audio Systems ..................................................... Seats and Restraint Systems 1-1 2-1 3-1 This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your audio system. .............................................................. .................................................................. YourDrivingandtheRoad 4-1 Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the and roadhow to drive under different conditions. ProblemsontheRoad This section tells you what to do if you have a problem while driving, suchflat astire a or 5-1 overheated engine, etc. ............................................................ Maintenanceschedule .................................................................. This section tells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use. CustomerAssistanceInformation ........................................................ Se~ceandAppearanceCare 6-1 Here the manual tells you how to keep your Buick running properly and looking good. 7-1 8-1 This section tells you how to contact Buick for assistance and how to get service publications. It also gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page 8-7. Index ................................................................................ 9-1 Here’s an alphabetical listingof almost every subjectin this manual.You can use it to quickly find something you want to read. i We support voluntary technician certification. 1 GM I GENERAL MOTORS, GM andthe GM Emblem, BUICK, the BUICK Emblem and the name ROADMASTER are registered trademarks of General Motors Corporation. This manual includes thelatest information at the time it was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the product after that time without further notice. For vehicles first sold in Canada, substitutethe name “General Motors of Canada Limited” for Buick Motor Division whenever it appears in this manual. so it will be there Please keep this manual in your Buick, if you ever needit when you’re onthe road. If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in itso the new owner can useit. Litho in U.S.A. Part No. 25632196 B First Edition WE SUPPORT VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN CERTIFICATION THROUGH National Institute for AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE EXCELLENCE For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a French Language .Manual: propriktaires canadiens:Vous pouvez vous procurer un exemplairede ce guide enfranpis chez votre concessionaire ou au: DGN Marketing Services Ltd. 1500 Bonhill Rd. Mississauga, OntarioL5T IC7 AUX @CopyrightGeneral Motors Corporation 1995 All Rights Reserved iii “valve-in-head” engine, a light, powerful and reliable engine which would eventually influence the entire automotive industry. William C. Durant was instrumental in promoting his Durant-Dort Buicks across the country using Carriage Co. outlets and salespeople asthe nucleus of a giant distribution system.He knew the Buick as a “self-seller.” If automobiles could be this good, he thought, maybeit was timeto switch from the horse and buggy business to automobiles. Walter Marr and Thomas Buick Buick’s chief engineer, Walter L. Marr (left), and Thomas D. Buick, sonof founder David Dunbar Buick, drove the first Flint Buickin a successful Flint-Detroit round tripin July 1904. David Buick was building gasoline engines by 1899, and Man, his engineer, apparently built the first auto to be called a Buick in 1900. However, Buick traditionally dates its beginnings to 1903. That was the year the William C. (Billy)Durant company was reorganized, refinanced and moved frgm Detroit to Flint. Buick has always been a product innovator. Buick engineers developed the iv At the 1905 NewYork Auto Show, Durant took orders for 1,000 Buicks before the company had ‘built 40. On Buick’s success, Durant created a holding company, September 16, 1908.He called it General Motors. Durant also created a racing team that won500 racing trophes in 1909 and 1910, including successes at Indianapolis two years before the Indy 500 began. The success of Buick engines was visible not only on the race track, but in endurance tests across the country and around the world. Buick was the only car to complete a 1,000-mile Chicago-to-New York race in 1906. And a Buick was the firstcar to travel across South America, driven from Buenos Aires, Argentina, over the Andes to Santiago, Chile in 1914. Buick drew plentyof attention because it could climb hills and run through mud like no other car. Buick’s endurance and reliability were worldfamous. During World War I, Buick built Liberty aircraft engines as well as Red Cross ambulancesso successfully that one Buick ambulance was awardedthe Croix de Guerre by the French government. As a builder of premier automobiles, Buick was hardhit by the Great Depression. However, new General Manager Harlow H.Curtice created popular new models including the Special and the Roadmaster. Buick sales soon flourished. I 1911 Model 21 Touring Cur on h i m s Test Hill First Buick Factory V Y. I Also, in this book you will find these notices: not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly. But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid the damage. I NOTICE: When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION and NOTICE warningsin different colors or in different words. Vehicle Damage Warnings These mean thereis something that could damage your vehicle. ~ ~ You’ll also see warning labels on yourvehicle. They use the same words CAUTION or NOTICE. - In the notice area, we tell you about something that can damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would ix Vehicle Symbols These are someof the symbols you mayfind on your vehicle. I For example, these symbols are used on an original battery: CAUTION POSSIBLE INJURY A These symbols are important for you and your passengers whenever your vehicle is driven: DOOR LOCK UNLOCK PROTECT EYES BY SHIELDING CAUSTIC BATTERY ACID COULD CAUSE BURNS These symbols have to do with your lights: These symbols are on some of your controls: These symbols are used on warning and indicator lights: WINDSHIELD WIPER TURN SIGNALS COOLANT TEMP e BATTERY CHARGING SYSTEM WINDSHIELD DEFROSTER FASTEN SEAT BELTS I-1 SPARK OR FLAME COULD EXPLODE BATTERY x POWER WINDOW ,111, DAYTIME RUNNING LAMPS FOG LAMPS FUSE LIGHTER (0) k3 SPEAKER .'**D*o e, #0 (@) WINDOW DEFOGGER ENGINE OIL PRESSURE "' VENTILATING FAN I n HORN BRAKE COOLANT AVOID SPARKS OR FLAMES Here are some other symbols you may see: ANTI-LOCK BRAKES FUEL c> rn NOTES xi NOTES ,' Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems . .. , Power Seat (Option) Power Lumbar (Option) The power seat controls are located on the armrest. Press the LUMBAR switch forward toincrease lumbar support. Press it rearward todecrease lumbar support. Raise the front of the seat by pressing the left side of the front switch. Press theright side of this switch to lower the front of the seat. Move the seat forward orback by pressing and holding FWD or BACK. Raise the seat by pressing and holding UP. Press and holdDN to lower the seat. Press and holdthe left sideof the rearswitch toraise the rear of the seat. Press and holdthe right side of this switch to lower the rear of the seat. 1-2 Memory Seat (Option) When your Roadmaster isin PARK (P), press the same side of the MEMORY control to recall the seat setting. Program the memory seat for an additional driver following the preceding steps, but press the other side of the memory control. The EXIT button allows you toget out of your vehicle more easily. If you select the wrong side of the MEMORY control or the EXIT button, you can cancel it by pressing any of the power seatswitches. Heated Seats (Option) If your vehicle has this feature, the switch is near the LUMBAR control. It has two warming positions:HI and LO. Move the switch to OFF to turn thisfeature off. To program the memory seat: 1. Make sure the vehicle is in PARK (P). 2. Adjust the driver’s seat the way you want it. 3. Press the SETbutton. Power Recliner (Option) This switch is on the side of the seat. Press this switch rearward to movethe seatback down to a reclined position. Press it forward to movethe seatback to an upright position. 4. Press the left or right side of the MEMORY control and yourseating position is programmed. 1-3 Reclining Front Seatbacks To adjust the seatback, lift the lever on the outerside of the seat and move the seatback to where you want it. Release thelever to lock the seatback. Pull up on the lever and the seat will go to an uprightposition. But don’thave a seatback reclinedif your vehicle is moving. 1-4 * Head Restraints 3 Sitting in a reclined position whenyour vehicle is in motion can be dangerous. Evenif you buckle up, your safety belts can’tdo their job when you’re reclined like this. The shoulder belt can’tdo its job because it won’t be against your body. Instead, it will be in front of you. In a crash you could gointo it, receiving neckor other injuries. The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt forces would bethere, not at your pelvic bones. This could causeserious internal injuries. For proper protection when the vehicle is in motion, have the seatback upright. Then well sit back inthe seat and wear your safety belt properly. Slide the head restraint up or down so that the topof the restraint is closest to the top of your ears. This position reduces the chanceof a neckinjury in a crash. On some models, the head restraints tilt forward and rearward also. Wagon Foldine Seatback: The second and thiru seats 01 your station wagon have seatbacks thatcan be folded down to provide more cargo space. Second Seatback Third Seatback To fold the seatback down: 1. Press the knob next to the seatback on the passenger side. The third seatis folded flatin the tailgate area of your station wagon. To raise the seatback: 1. Open the tailgate. 2. Lift the storage compartment lid and fold it back so that it lies flat. 2. Pull the seatback forward and pushit down. To raise the seatback: 1. Pull the seatback up and push it back to lockit into place. 2. Push and pull the topof the seatback to be sureit is locked in position. 1-6 3. Pull the seat release handle in the lower right comer of the storage compartment. The seatback is now unlocked. To lower the seatback: 1. Pull the seat release handle to unlock the seatback. 2. Pull the seatback down using the assist strap, then push down onit to lock it into place. 4. Pull the seatback up and push it back into place. 5. Push and pull the top of the seatback to be sure it is locked into position. 3. Fold the storage lid down. Makesure it is secure. 1-7 Safety Belts:They’re for Everyone This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts properly. It also tells yousome things you should not do with safety belts. Your vehicle hasa light that comeson as a reminder to buckle up. (See “Safety Belt Reminder Light”in the Index.) And it explains the Supplemental Restraint System (SRS), or air bag system. I Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’twear a safety belt properly. you If are in a crash and you’re not wearinga safety belt, your injuries can be muchworse. You can hit things inside the vehicle or be ejectedfrom it. You can be seriously injured orkilled. In the same crash,you might not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt,and check that your passengers’ belts are fastened properlytoo. In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work. You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one, A few crashes are mild, and some crashes cansobe serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive. But most crashes are in between. In many of them, people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt or killed. After more than25 years of safety beltsin vehicles, the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does matter ... a lot! 1-8 Why Safety BeltsWork When you ride in or on anything, you go asfast as it goes. Put someone onit. Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it's just a seat on wheels. 1-9 I Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider doesn’t stop. The person keeps going until stopped by something. In a real vehicle,it could be the windshield... or the instrument panel ... or the safetybelts ! With safety belts, you slow downas the vehicle does. You get more time tostop. You stop over more distance, and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why safety belts make such goodsense. 1-11 Here Are Questions Many PeopleAsk About Safety Belts-- and the Answers Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an accident if I’m wearing a safety belt? A: You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt, even if you’re upside down. And your chance of being conscious during and after an accident, so you can unbuckle andget out, is much greater if you are belted. &.’ If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to wear safety belts? A: Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in most of themin the future. But theyare supplemental systems only;so they work with safety belts-- not insteadof them. Every air bag system ever offeredfor sale has required the useof safety belts. Evenif you’re in a vehicle that has air bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions, but especially in side and other collisions. 1-12 If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from home, why should I wear safety belts? A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an accident -- even one that isn’t your fault-- you and your passengerscan be hurt. Beinga good dnver doesn’t protect youfrom things beyond your control, such as bad drivers. Most accidents occur within25 miles (40 km)of home. And the greatest number of serious injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than 40 mph (65 km/h). Safety belts are for everyone. How to Wear Safety Belts Properly Adults This part is only for people of adult size. Be aware that thereare special things to know about safety belts and children. And there are different rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be riding in your Buick, seethe part of this manual called “Children.” Follow those rules for everyone’s protection. First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your vehicle has. We’ll start with the driver position. Driver I Isition This part describes the driver’s restraint system. Lapshoulder Belt The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear it properly. 1. Close and lock the door. 2. Adjust the seat (to seehow, see “Seats” in the Index) so you can sit up straight. 3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you. Don’t letit get twisted. The shoulder belt maylock if you pull the belt across you very quickly.If this happens, let the belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you more slowly. 4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks. Make surethe release buttonon the buckleis Positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety blelt quickly if you ever had to. If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle,tilt the latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle the belt. 5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle Pull upon the latch plate to make sure it is secure. end of the belt as you pull up the on shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender” at the endof this section. 1-14 The lap part of the belt should be wornlow and snugon the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to the strongpelvic bones. And you’d be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen.This could cause serious or evenfatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the body are best ableto take belt restraining forces. The safety beltlocks if there’s a sudden stop or crash, or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor. 1-15 &= What’s wrong with this? 1 You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is too loose.In a crash, you would move forward too much, which could increase injury. The shoulder belt should fit against your body. I A: The shoulder beltis too loose. It won’t give nearly as much protectionthis way. Q: What's wrong with this? CAUTION: You can be seriously injured if your belt is buckled inthe wrong place like this. In a crash, the belt would go up over your abdomen. The belt forces wouldbe there, not at thepelvic bones. This could cause seriousinternal injuries. Always buckle your belt into thebuckle nearest you. A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place. 1-17 &= What’s wrong with this? You can be seriously injuredif you wear the shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your body would move too far forward, which would increase the chanceof head and neck injury. Also, the belt would apply too much force to the ribs, which aren’tas strong as shoulder bones. You could alsoseverely injure internal organs like your liveror spleen. A: The shoulder beltis worn under the arm. It should be worn over the shoulder at all times. Qt What's wrong with this? mYou can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In a crash, you wouldn't have the full width of the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted, make it straightso it can work properly, or ask your dealer tofix it. A: The belt is twisted across the body. 1-19 Supplemental Restraint System(SRS) This part explains the Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) or air bag system. Your Buick has two air bags -- one air bag for the driver and another air bag for the rightfront passenger. the air Here are the most important things to know about bag system: YJ i i To unlatch the belt,just push the buttonon the buckle. The belt shouldgo back out of the way. is out of the Before you close the door, be sure the belt way. If you slam the door onit, you can damage both the belt and your vehicle. You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if you aren’t wearing your safety belt -- even if you have an air bag. Wearing yoursafety belt during a crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things inside the vehicle or being ejected fromit. The air bag is only a “supplemental restraint.’’ That is, it works withsafety belts but doesn’t replace them. CAUTION: (Continued) I CAUTION:(Continued) Air bags are designed to workonly in moderate to severe crashes where thefi-ont of your vehicle hits something. They aren’t designed to inflateat all in rollover, rear, sideor low-speed frontal crashes. Everyone in yourvehicle, including the driver, should wear a safety belt properly -- whether or not there’s an air bag for thatperson. A CAUTION: Air bags inflate with great force, faster than the blink of an eye. If you’re tooclose to an inflating air bag, it could seriously injure you. Safety belts help keep you in position for anair bag inflation in a crash.Always wear your safety belt, even with an air bag. The driver should sit as far back aspossible while stillmaintaining control of the vehicle. An inflating air bag can seriously injure small children. Always secure children properly in your vehicle. To read how, see the partof this manual called “Children” and the caution label on the right frontpassenger’s safety belt. AIR BAG There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument panel, which shows AIR BAG. The system checksthe air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. See “Air Bag ReadinessLight” in the Index for more information. 1-21 How the Air Bag System Works The right front passenger’s air bag is in the instrument panel on the passenger’sside. Where is the air bag? The driver’s air bag is inthe middle of the steering wheel. : 1-22 ’ A CAUTION: PDon’t put anything on, or attach anything to, the steering wheel or instrument panel. Also, don’t put anything (such as pets or objects) between any occupant and the steering wheel or instrument panel. If something is between an occupant and an air bag, it could affect the performance of the air bag or worse, it could cause injury. 9- When should an air bag inflate? The air bag is designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal crashes.The airbag will inflate only if the impact speedis above the system’s designed “threshold level.”If your vehicle goes straightinto a wall that doesn’t moveor deform, the thresholdlevel is about 9 to 15 mph (14 to 24 km/h). The threshold level can vary, however, with specific vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat aboveor below this range. If your vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, such as a parked car,the threshold level willbe higher. The air bagis not designedto inflate in rollovers, side impacts or rear impacts, because inflation would not help the occupant. In any particular crash, noone can say whether an air bag should have inflated simply because of the damage to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were. Inflation is determined by theangle of the impact and the vehicle’s deceleration. Vehicle damage is only one indication of this. What makes an air bag inflate? In a frontal or near-frontal impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing system detects that the vehicle is suddenly stopping as a result of a crash. The sensing system triggers a chemical reaction of the sodium azide sealed in the inflator.The reaction produces nitrogen gas, which inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related hardware are all partof the air bag modules packed inside the steering wheel andin the instrument panel infront of the right front passenger. 1-23 How does an air bag restrain? In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions, even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or I the instrument panel. The air bag supplements the When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air. protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute This dust could cause breathing problems for the force of the impact more evenly over the occupant’s people with a history of asthma or other upper body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But breathing trouble.To avoid this, everyone in the air bags would not help you in many types of collisions, vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to so. do including rollovers, rear impacts and side impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward the If you have breathing problems but can’t get out of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get air bag. Air bags should never be regarded as anythng fresh airby opening a window or door. more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions. What will you see after an air bag inflates? In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag, windshields are broken by vehicle deformation. After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates.This occurs so quickly thatsome people may not even realize the air Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the bag inflated. Some components of the air bag module in right front passenger air bag. the steering wheel hubfor the driver’s air bag,or the The air bags are designed to inflate only’ once. After instrument panel forthe right front passenger’s bag, will they inflate, you’ll need some new parts for your air be hot for a short time. The part of the bag that comes bag system.If you don’t get them, the air bag system into contact with you may be warm, but it will never be won’t be there to help protect you in another crash. too hot to touch. Therewill be some smoke and dust A new system will include air bag modules and coming from vents in the deflated air bags. Air bag possibly other parts.The service manual for your inflation will not prevent the driver from seeing or from vehicle covers the need to replace other parts. being able to steer the vehicle, nor will it stop people from leaving the vehicle. 1-24 0 0 Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and diagnostic module, which recordsinformation about the air bag system. The module records information about the readiness of the system, when the sensors are activated and dnver’s safety belt usage at deployment. Air bagsaffect how your Buick should be serviced. There are parts of the air bag system in several places around yourvehicle. You don’t want the systemta. inflate while someoneis working on yourvehicle. Tour Buick dealer and the Roadmaster Service Manual have information about servicing your vehicle andthe air bag system. To purchase a service manual, see “Service and Owner Publications”in the Index. Let only qualified technicians work on your air bagsystem. Improper service can mean that your air bagsystem won’t work properly.See your dealer for service. NOTICE: For up to10 seconds after the ignitionkey is turned off and the batteryis disconnected, an air bag can still inflate during improper service. You can be injured if you are close to anair bag when it inflates. Avoid wires wrapped with yellow tape or yellow connectors. Theyare probably part of the air bagsystem. Be sure tofollow proper service procedures, and make sure the person performing work foryou is qualified to doso. If you damage thecover for the driver’s or the right frontpassenger’s air bag, they may not work properly.You may have to replace the air bag modulein the steering wheel or both theair bag module and the instrument panel for the right frontpassenger’s air bag. Do not openor break theair bag covers. 1 L The air bag system does not needregular maintenance. 1-25 Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant women. Like all occupants, theyare more likely to be seriously injuredif they don’t wear safety belts. A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and the lap portion shouldbe worn as low as possible, below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy. The bestway to protect the fetusis to protect the mother. When a safety beltis worn properly, it’s more likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making safety belts effectiveis wearing them properly. Right Front PassengerPosition The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same way as the driver’s safety belt.See “Driver Position,” earlier in this section. 1-26 Center Passenger Position and Any Station Wagon Third Seat Passenger Position U When you sit in a center seating position in ora station wagon third seat,you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor.To make the belt longer,tilt the latch plate and pull italong the belt. Lap BeIt If your vehicle has afront split seat and a rear bench seat, someonecan sit in thecenter positions. 1-27 Rear Seat Passengers It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are wearing safety belts. Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others in the vehicle whoare wearing safety belts. Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions To make thebelt shorter, pull itsfree end as shown until the belt is snug. Buckle, position and releaseit the sameway as the lap part of a lap-shoulder belt.If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender” at the endof this section. Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to. Lap-Shoulder Belt The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder belts. Here’s how to wearone properly. 2. Push the latch plateinto the buckle until it clicks. 1. Pick up the latch plate andpull the belt across you. Don’t let it get twisted. If the belt stops beforeit reaches the buckle, tilt the latch The shoulder belt may lockif you pull the belt across plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it. you very quickly.If this happens,let the belt go back Pull up on the latch plateto make sure it is secure. slightly to unlockit. Then pullthe belt across you more slowly. If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end oft h s section. Make sure the release button on the buckle is positionedso you would be ableto unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to. 1-29 I 8. - 3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part. the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the body are best able totake belt restraining forces. The safety belt locksif there’s a sudden stop or a crash, or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor. 1-30 Children Everyone in a vehicle needsprotection! That includes infants and all children smaller thanadult size. In fact, the law in every state in the United States and in every Canadian province says children up to some age must be restrained while in a vehicle. You can be seriouslyhurt if your shoulder belt is too loose. In a crash, you would moveforward too much, which couldincrease injury. The shoulder beIt shouldfit against your body. Smaller Children and Babies Smaller children and babies should always be restrained in a child or infant restraint. The instructions for the restraint will say whether it is the right type and size for your child. A very young child’s hip bones are so small that a regular belt might not stay low on the hips, as it should. Instead, the belt will likely be overthe child’s abdomen.In a crash, the belt would apply force right on the child’s abdomen, which could cause serious or fatal injuries. So, be sure that any child small enough for one is alwaysproperly restrained in a child or infant restraint. To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the bu ~ 1-31 I at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly become a 240-lb. (110kg) force on your arms. The baby would be almostimpossible to hold. Secure the baby in an infant restraint. Never hold a baby in your arms while riding ina vehicle. A baby doesn’tweigh much until a crash. Duringa crash a baby will become so heavy you can’t holdit. For example, in a crash CAUTION: (Continued) -- 1-32 Child Restraints Be sure the child restraint is designed to’be used in a vehicle. If it is, itwill have a label saying thatit meets Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may find these instructions on the restraint itself orin a booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury. The instructions that come with the infant or child restraint will show you howto do that. Where to Put the Restraint Accident statistics showthat children are safer if they are restrained in therear rather than the front seat. We at General Motors therefore recommend that you put your child restraint in the rear seat. Never put a rear-facing child restraint in the front passenger seat. Here’s why: ‘A CAUTION: I A child in a rearfacing child restraint can be seriously injured if the right frontpassenger’s air bag inflates.This is becausethe back of a rearfacing child restraint would be very closeto the inflating air bag. Always secure a rearfacing child restraint in the rear seat. You may, however,secure a forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat. Before you secure a forward-facing child restraint, always movethe front passenger seat as far back as it will go. Or, secure the child restraint in the rear seat. 1-33 If you wantto use a child restraint with a top strap in the second seat of a station wagon, have your dealer install a combination anchor-tether belt to whch the top strap can be hooked. Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Outside Seat Position For cars first sold in Canada, child restraints with a top strap must be anchored according toCanadian law. For sedans first sold in Canada, your dealer can obtain the hardware kit and install it foryou, or you mayinstall it yourself usingthe instructions provided in thekit. Use the tether hardware kit available from the dealer. The hardware and installation instructions were specifically designed for this vehicle. Station wagons first sold inCanada already have a combination anchor-tether beltinstalled for each position on the second seat. These belts are attached to the anchors for the third seat safety belts. The child restraint top strap shouldbe hooked to one of these combination anchor-tether belts. You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See theearlier part about the top strap if the child restraint has one. 1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions for thechild restraint. 2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructions say. 3. Pick up the latch plate, and runthe lap and shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how. 1-35 4. Buckle the belt.Make sure the release buttonis positioned so you would be ableto uilb;dckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to. Securing a Child Restraint in the Center Rear Seat Position You’ll be using the lap belt. 5. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while you push down onthe child restraint. 6. Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure. To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult or larger child passenger. A child in a child restraint in the center front.scat can be badly injured by the right frontpassenger air bag if it inflates. Neversecure a child restraint in the center front seat. It’s alwaysbetter to secure a child restraint inthe rear seat. You may, however, secure a forward-facing child restraint in the right frontpassenger seat,but only with the seat moved all the way back. See the earlier part about the top strap if the child restraint has one. 1-37 6. 7 . Push and pullthe child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure. If it isn’t, secure the restraint in a different place in thevehicle and contact the child restraint maker for their advice about how to attach the child restraint properly. To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt. It will be ready to workfor an adult or larger child passenger. Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat Position Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why: A child in arearfacing child restraint can be seriously injuredif the right front passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the back of a rear-facing child restraint would be very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure a rearfacing child restraint in the rear seat. ~~ You’ll be usingthe lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part about the topstrap if the child restraint has one. 1. Because your vehicle has a right frontpassenger air bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go before securing a forward-facing child restraint. (See “Seats” in the Index.) 2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions for the child restraint. 3. Secure the child inthe child restraint as the instructions say. 4. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how. 1-39 Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained inthe rear seat. But they need to use the safety belts properly. Children who aren’t buckled upcan be thrown out in a crash. Children who aren’t buckled upcan strike other people whoare. Never do this. Here two children are wearing the same belt. The belt can’t properly spread the impact forces. In a crash, thetwo children canbe crushed together andseriously injured. A belt mustbe used by only one personat atime. &= What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt, but thechild is so small that the shoulder belt is very close to thechild’s face or neck? A: Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body would have the restraint that belts provide. If the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still very close to the child’s face or neck, you might want to place the child in the center seat position, the one that has only a lap belt. Never do this. Here a child is sitting ina seat that hasa lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind the child. If thechild wears the beltin this way, in a crash the child might slide under belt. the The belt’s force would then be applied righton the child’s abdomen. Thatcould cause serious or fatal injuries. Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash. 1-43 Safety Belt Extender Checking Your Restraint Systems If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you should useit. But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When go you in to orderit, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the extender will be long enough for you. The extender will be just for you, andjust forthe seat in your vehicle that you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and useit only for the seatit is made tofit. To wear it, just attach it to the regular safety belt. Now and then,make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might keep a safety belt systemfrom doing itsjob, have it repaired. 1-44 a Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a beltis torn or frayed, get a new one right away. Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.) Replacing Restraint System Parts After a Crash If you’ve hada crash, do you need newbelts? After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary. But if the belts were stretched, as they would beif worn during a more severe crash, then you need newbelts. If you ever see a label on the driver’s or the right front passenger’s safety beltthat says to replace the belt, be sure to do so. Then the new belt will be there to help protect you in a collision. You would see this label on the belt near the door opening. If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision damage also may mean you will needto have safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at the time of the collision. If an air baginflates, you’ll need toreplace air bag system parts. See the part onthe air bag systemearlier in this section. 1-45 ~~ NOTES Section 2 Features and Controls Here youcan learn about the many standard and optional features on your Buick, and informationon starting, shifting and braking. Also explainedare the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is working properly -- and whatto do if you have a problem. Keys Leaving young childrenm a vehicle with the ignition keyis dangerous for many reasons.A child or others could be badly injured or even killed. They could operate power windows or other controls or even make the vehicle move. Don't leave the keys in a vehicle with young children. 2-1 The square key is for the ignition only.It has a bar code attached, Your dealer or qualified locksmith can make extra ignition keys by reading the bar code tag. The oval keyis for the doors and all other locks. Your door key has a plug. When a new Buickis delivered, the dealer removes the plugfrom the key, and givesit to the first owner. Each plug has a code on it that tells your dealeror a qualified locksmith how to make extra keys. There are 15 alternative ignition PASS-Key@ I1 blanks to help discourage theft. Keep the bar code tag and the door key plugin a safe place.If you lose your keys, you will be able to have new ones made easily using the plug or number on the bar code tag. NOTICE: Your Buick has a number of new features that can help prevent theft. But you can have a lot of trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever lock your keys inside.You may even have to damage your vehicle to get in.So be m e you have extra keys. To lock the doorfrom the inside, slide the lock control down. Door Locks - Unlocked doors can be dangerous. Passengers -- especially children .- can easily open the doors andfall out. Whena door is locked, the inside handlme won’t open it. Outsiders caneasily enter throughan nolocked door when you slowdown or stop your vehicle. This may not be so obvious: You increase the chance of being thrown outof the vehicle in a crash if the doors aren’tlocked. Wear safety belts l ibe far properly, lock your doors, and you w better off whenever you drive your vehicle. To unlock the door,slide the lock control up. Power Door Locks Press the power door lock switch to lockor unlock all the doors at once. There are several ways to lock and unlock yourvehicle. From the outside, use your door key or Keyless Entry System, if you have this option. 2-3 Programmable AutomaticDoor Locks (Option) Rear Door Security Lock If you have automatic door locks,close your doors, turn on the ignition and move your shift lever out of PARK (P). All the doors will lock. If someone needs to get out while you’re in a drive position, have that person use the manualor power lock.If you have your foot on the brake, the door(s) will lock automatically. Your Buick is equipped with rear door security locks that help prevent passengers from opening the rear doorsof your vehicle from the inside. When you stop and move your shift lever into PARK (P), your doors will unlock. You can have the automaticdoor lock feature programmed to remain locked after you shift into PARK (P). See your Buick dealer if you want the automatic door locks reprogrammed. To use oneof these locks: 1. Move the lever to the engaged position. 2. Close the door. 3. Do the same thing to the other rear door lock. The rear doors of your vehicle cannot be openedfrom inside when this feature is in use. If you want toopen a rear door whenthe security lock is on: Remote Keyless Entry System (Option) 1. Unlock the door from the inside. 2. Then open the door from the outside. If you don’t cancel the security lock feature, adults or older children who ride in the rear won’t beable to open the rear door from the inside. You should let adults and older children know how these security locks work, and how to cancel the locks. To cancel the rear doorlock: 1. Unlock the door from the inside and open the door from the outside. 2. Move the lever down. 3. Do the same for the other rear door. The rear door locks will now work normally. Leaving Your Vehicle If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your door and set the locks from inside. Then get out and close the door. If your Buick has this option, you can lock and unlock your doors or unlock yourtrunk or tailgate from up to 30 feet (9 m) using the key chain transmitter supplied with your vehicle. Your Remote Keyless Entry system operateson a radio frequency subject toFederal Communications Commission (FCC)Rules. 2-5 This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any interference received, includmg interference that may cause undesired operation. Should interference to this system OCCUT, try this: 0 Check to determineif battery replacementis necessary. See the instructions on battery replacement. 0 Check the distance.You may be too far from your vehicle. This product has a maximum range. 0 Check the location. Other vehiclesor objects may be blocking the signal. 0 See your Buick dealer or a qualified technician for service. Changes or modifications to this system by other than an authorized service facility could void authorization to use this equipment. Operation The driver’s doorwdl unlock when UNLOCKis pressed. Pressit again quickly and all the doors will unlock. The door courtesy lamps willalso come on.All doors will lock when DOOR is pressed. The trunk or tailgate will unlock when the opened trunk symbol is pressed, but only when the transmission is in PARK (P). Matching Transmitter(@To Your Vehicle Each key chain transmitter is coded to prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter is lost or stolen,a replacement can be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining transmitters withyou when you go to your dealer. When the dealer matchesthe replacement transmitter toyour vehicle, any remaining transmitters must also be matched. Once the new transmitter is coded, the lost transmitter will not unlock your vehicle. Each vehicle can have only two transmitters matched toit. Battery l.,,,acernent Under normal use,the batteries in your keychain transmitter should last about two years. You can tell the batteries are weak if the transmitter won’t workat the normalrange in any location. If you have to get close to yourvehicle before the transmitter works, it’s probablytime to change the batteries. For battery replacement, use two Duracella batteries, type DL-2016, or a similar type. To replace the batteries: 1. If your transmitter hasa screw, remove the screw from the back cover.If there is no screw, carefully pry off the coverby inserting a dime (or similar object) in the slot between the covers and twisting. 2. Lift off the front cover, bottom halffirst. 3. Remove and replace the batteries. Put themin as indicated by the directions underthe batteries. 4. Replace thefront cover. Make sure the coveris on tightly, so water won’t getin. Replace the screw in the back cover,if there is one. If there is no screw, snap together. 5. Check theoperation of the transmitter. 2-7 Trunk Remote Trunk Release The security switchin the glove box must be ON €or the TRUNK button to work. I t can be dangerous to drive with trunk the lid open becausecarbon monoxide (CO) gas can come into yourvehicle. You can’t see or smell CO. It can cause unconsciousnessand even death. If you must drive with the trunk lid openor if electrical wiringor other cableconnections must pass through the seal between the body and the trunk lid: Make sure allwindows are shut. Turn the fanon your heating orcooling system to its highest speed with the setting on VENT. That will force outsideair into your vehicle. See “Comfort Controls” in the Index. If you have air outlets onor under the instrument panel, open them all way. the See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index. 2-8 When the tnxnk security switch is turned OFF, the trunk can only be opened with the keyor the optional Remote Keyless Entry system. ~ ..~.. .. _. . ‘TheTRUNK buttonis to the left of the steering column. Pressit to open the trunk from inside your vehicle. Tailgate Tailgate Operation (Wagon) The tailgate can be openedlike a regular door orlike a drop-gate. The tailgate and tailgate window must first be unlocked. The tailgate is unlocked by usingthe power door lock It can be dangerous to drive with the tailgate or controls, the oval key in the lock orthe optional Remote rear window open because carbon monoxide Keyless Entry system. (CO) gascan come into yourvehicle. You can’t Once the tailgate has been see or smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness unlocked, you can unlatch and even death. he tailgate window by If you must drive with the tailgate or rear mshing the key cylinder window openor if electrical wiringor other cable iutton all theway in. Then connections must pass through the seal between raise the window. the body and the tailgate or rearwindow: 0 Make sure all windows are shut. 0 Turn the fan on your heating or cooling system to its highest speed with the setting on VENT. That will force outsideair into your vehicle. See “Comfort Controls” in the Index. 0 If you have air outlets on or under the instrument panel, open them all the way. See “Engine Exhaust’’ inthe Index. I To open the tailgatelike a regular door, pullup on the handle thatis near theend of the tailgate, on the passenger side. To open it like a drop-gate,just reach inside and pull up on the handle that is located near the center of the tailgate. Lower the tailgate all the way down. If the tailgateon your vehicle does not open as a drop-gate, it may notbe fully latched as a door. Your GATE AJAR light will be onif the tailgate isn’t completely closed as a door. Remote Tailgate Release (Wagon) The tailgate is designed not to open as a drop-gate when it isalready open as a door. Also, the tailgate will not open as a door whenit is already open as a drop-gate. Check to see if the tailgate is unlocked, then open and close it as a door untilthe lower latch closes,and the GATE AJAR light goesout. You can lock the tailgate by insertingthe oval key in the lock and turning it clockwise or pressing down on the lock control nearthe passenger end of the tailgate. To close the window, pullit down against the tailgate and press firmly untilit latches. Press the topof the REAR WINDOW switch to unlock the rear window only when the vehicle is in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). You can also unlock the rear window by using the oval keyin the lock near the window. This also unlocks the tailgate. Trunk Lid Automatic Pull-Down Feature (Option) A CAUTION: Your car may have an automatic pull-down feature that helps close the trunk electronically. Your fingers can be trapped under the trunk lid as it goes down.Your fingers could be injured, and you would need someone to help you free them. Keep your fingers away from the trunk lid as you close it and as it is going down. Theft Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities. Although your Buick has a number of theft-deterrent features, we know that nothing we put itoncan makeit impossible to steal. However, there are ways you can help. Key in the Ignition If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an easy target forjoy riders or professional thieves-- so don’t do it. 3 13 When you park your Buick and open the driver’s door, you’ll heara chime reminding you to remove your key from the ignition and take it with you. Alwaysdo this. Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your ignition and transmission. And remember to lock the doors. Parking at Night Park in a lighted spot, closeall windows and lock your vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight. Put them in a storage area, OT take them withyou. Parking Lots If you park ina lot where someone willbe watching your vehicle, it’s best to lock it up and take your keys. But whatif you have to leave your ignition key? What if you have to leave something valuable in your vehicle? 0 Put your valuables in a storage area, like yourtrunk or glove box. Lock the glove box. Lock all the doors except the driver’s. 0 Then take the door key with you. PASS-Key@I1 Your vehicle is equipped with the PASS-Key I1 (Personalized Automotive Security System) theft-deterrent system. PASS-Key 11is a passive theft-deterrent system. It works when youinsert or remove the keyfrom the ignition. PASS-Key 11uses a resistor pellet in the ignition key that matches a decoder in your vehicle. When the PASS-Key II system senses that someoneis using the wrong key, it shuts down the vehicle’s starter and fuel systems. For about three rninutes, the starter won’t work and fuel won’t go to the engine.If someone tries to start your vehicle again or uses another key during this time, the vehicle will notstart. This discourages someone fiom randomly trying different keys with different resistor pellets in an attempt to make a match. The ignition key must beclean and dry beforeit’s inserted in the ignition or the engine may not start. If the engine does not start and the PASS KEY light comes on, the key may be dirty or wet. Turn the ignition off. Clean and dry the key. Wait aboutthree rninutes and try again. The PASS KEY light may remain on duringthis time. If the starter still won’t work, andthe key appears to be clean and dry, wait aboutthree minutes and try another ignition key. At this time, you may also want to check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index). If the starter won’t work withthe other key, your vehicle needs service. If your vehicle doesstart, the first ignition key may be faulty. See your Buick dealer ora locksmith who can service the PASS-Key II. 2-13 If you accidentally use a key that has a damaged or missing resistor pellet, the starter won’t work and the PASS KEY light willcome on. But you don’t have to wait three minutes before trying another ignition key. See your Buick dealer or a locksmith who can service the PASS-Key I1 to have a new key made. If you’re ever driving and and the PASS KEY light comes on and stays on, you will be able to restart your engine if you turn it off. Your PASS-Key II system, however, is not working properly and must be serviced by your Buick dealer. Your vehicle is not protectedby the PASS-Key 11system. If you lose or damage a PASS-Key I1 ignition key, see your Buick dealer or a locksmith who can service PASS-Key I1 to have a new key made. New Vehicle ''Break-in'' NOTICE: Your modern Buick doesn’t needan elaborate “break-in.” But itwill perform betterin the long run if you followthese guidelines: Keep your speed at 55 mph (88 km/h) or less for the first500 miles (804 km). Don’t drive at anyone speed -- fast or slow for the first500 miles (804 km). Don’t make full-throttle starts. Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles (322 km) or so. During thistime your new brake linings aren’t yet broken in. Hard stops withnew linings can mean premature wear and earlier replacement. Follow this breaking-in guideline every time you get new brake linings. 0 Don’t tow a trailer during break-in. See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for more information. -- ~ - 2-14 in which you can remove the key. This position locks your ignition, steering wheel and transmission. It’s a theft-deterrent feature. .; . Ignition Switch =- C OFF (C): This position unlocks the steering wheel, I ignition and transmission but doesn’t send electrical power to any accessories. Turn the keyto the OFF ;, ,. position if you must have your vehicle in motion whiie the engine is off. . RUN (D): This is the position for driving. START (E): This key position starts your engine. A E Note that even ifthe engine is not running, the positions ACCESSORY and RUNallow you to operate your electrical accessories, suchas the radio andv e m t i o n fan. ! With the ignition keyin the ignition switch, you can turn the switch tofive different positions. NOTICE: ACCESSORY (A):This position lets you use things like the radio andthe windshield wipers whenthe engine is off. To use the ACCESSORY position, push in the key and turnit toward you. Your steering wheel will remain locked,just as it was before you inserted the key. LOCK (B): Before you put the keyin, your ignition will be inthe LOCK position. This is the only position If your key seems stuck inLOCK and you can’t turn it, be sure it is all theway in. If it is, then turn the steering wheel leftand rightwhile you turn thekey hard. But turn the key only with your hand. Using a tool to force it could break the key or the ignition switch. If none of this . works, then yourvehicle needs service. ~ ’. 2-15 I Starting Your Engine Move yourshift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL, (N). Your engine won’t startin any other position-- that’s a safety feature.To restart when you’re already moving, use NEUTRAL (N)only. NOTICE: Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if yourh i c k is moving. If you do, you could damage the transmission. Shift to PARK(P) only when your vehicle is stopped. Starting Your 5.7 Liter LTl Engine 1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let go of the key.The idle speed willgo down as your engine gets warm. I NOTICE: Holding your key in START for longer than 15 seconds ata time will cause your battery to be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat can damage your starter motor. 2. If it doesn’t start within10 seconds, push the accelerator pedal all the way to the floor, while you hold the ignition key in START. When the engine starts, let go of the key andlet up on the accelerator pedal. Wait about15 seconds between each try to help avoid draining your battery. When starting your engine in very cold weather (below 0°F or -18”C), do this: 1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key toSTART and holdit there. When the engine starts,let go of the key. Use the accelerator pedal to maintain engine speed, if you have to, until your engine has runfor a while. 2. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then stops), it could beflooded with too much gasoline. Try pushing youraccelerator pedal all the way to the floor and holdingit there as you hold the key in START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts briefly but then stops again, do the same thing, but this time keepthe pedal down for five or six seconds. This clears the extra gasoline from the engine. NOTICE: Your engine is designed to work with the electronics in yourvehicle. If you add electrical parts oraccessories, you could change theway the engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment, check with yourdealer. If you don’t, your engine might not perform properly. If you ever have to have your vehicle towed, see the partof this manual thattells how to doit without damaging yourvehicle. See “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index. Engine Coolant Heater (Option) In very cold weather, 0 O F (- 18 C) or colder, the engine coolant heater can help. You’ll geteasier starting and better fuel economy duringengine warm-up. Usually, the coolant heater should be pluggedin a minimum of four hours prior to starting your vehicle. O To Use the Coolant Heater 1. Turn off the engine. 2. Open the hood and unwrap theelectrical cord. 3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet. Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet could causean electrical shock. Also, the wrong kind of extension cord could overheat and cause a fire. You could be seriouslyinjured. Plug the cord intoa properly grounded three-prong 110-volt AC outlet. If the cordwon’t reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for at least 15amps. 4. After you’ve used the coolant heater, be sure to store the cord asit was before to keepit away from moving engine parts.If you don’t, it could be damaged. How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged in? Theanswer dependson the outside temperature, the kind of oil you have, and some other things. Insteadof trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact your Buick dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your vehicle.The dealer cangive you the best advice for that particular area. Automatic Transmission Operation There are several different positions for your shift lever. PARK (P): This locks your transmission drive shaft. It’s the best position to use when you start your engine because your vehicle can’t move easily. 2-18 It is dangel 1s to get out of your vehicle if‘tl shift leveris not fully inPARK (P) with the parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll. Don’t leaveyour vehicle when the engineis running unless you have to. If you have leftthe engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairIy level ground, always setyour parking brake and move the shift lever to BARK (P). See “Shifting IntoPARK (P),’ in theIndex. If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. Ensure the shift leveris fully in PARK (P) range before starting the engine.Your Buick has a brake-transmission shift interlock.You have to fully apply your regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition key is in the RUN position.If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure onthe shift lever-- push the shift leverall the way into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then move the shift lever into the gear you wish.See “Shifting Outof PARK (P)” in t h s section. REVERSE (R): Use this gearto back up. NOTICE: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is moving forward could damage yourtransmission. Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is stopped. To rock your vehicle back and forth get to out of snow, ice or sand without damaging your transmission, see “Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Iceor Snow” in the Index. 2-19 A FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power (but lowerfuel economy) than SECOND (2).You can use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud.If the shift lever isput in FIRST (l),the transmission won’t shift into first gear until the vehicle is going slowly enough. I NOTICE: If your rearwheels can’trotate, don’ttry to drive. This might happenif you were stuck in very deep sand or mud or were up against solid a object. You could damage your transmission. Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold your vehicle there withonly the accelerator pedal. This could overheat and damage thetransmission. Use your brakes orshift into PARK (P) to hold your vehicle in position on a hill. Limited-Slip Rear Axle (Option) If you have this feature, your rearaxle can give you additional traction on snow, mud,ice, sand or gravel.It works like a standard axle most of the time, but when one of the rear wheels has no traction and the other does, the limited-slip feature will allowthe wheel with traction to move the vehicle. Parking Brake To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal down with yourright foot. Push down the parking brake pedal withyour left foot. If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will comeon. 2-21 To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal down. Pull the PARK BRAKE release lever. NOTICE: Driving with the parking brake on can cause your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to replace them, and you could also damage other parts of your vehicle. &:&you me towing a trailer and are parking on any hill, ,-, see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section explains what to do first to keep the trailer from moving. . .. Shifting Into PARK (P) h CAUT’3N: It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift leveris not fullym PARK (P) with the parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll. If you have leftthe engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly. You or otherscould be injured. To be sure yourvehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairlylevel ground, use the steps that follow. If you’repulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in theIndex. 1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and set the parking brake. 2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) position like this: Move the lever upas far as it will go. 3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK. 0 Pull the lever toward you. 4. Remove the key and takeit with you. If youcan leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your hand, your vehicleis in PARK (P). 2-23 I Leaving Your Vehicle With the Eneine F nnine Torque Lock If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your transmission intoPARK (P) properly, the weight of the A vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in /!\ CAU I ION: the transmission. You may find it difficult to pull the shift lever out ofPARK (P). Thisis called “torque lock.” To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the engine running.Your vehicle could move driver’s seat.To find out how, see “Shifting Into in (P) suddenly if the shift lever is not fullyPARK PARK (P)” in the Index. with the parking brake f m l y set. And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could When youare ready to drive, move theshift lever out of PARK (P) before you release the parking brake. overheat and even catch fire. You or others could be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the engine running unless you have to. pressure from the transmission,so you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P). If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine running, be sure your vehicleis in PARK (P) and your parking brakeis firmly set before you leave it. After you’ve moved the shift lever into the PARK (P) position, hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, ifsee you can move the shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pullingit toward you.If you can,it means that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P). 2-24 I L - Windows Power Windows It can be dangerous get to out of your vehicle if the shift leveris not fillyin PARK (P) with the parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll. Don’t leaveyour vehicle when the engine is running unless you have to. If you’ve left the engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly. You or otherscould be injured.To be sure your vehicle won’tmove, even whenyou’re on fairly level ground, always set your parking brake and move the shift lever to PARK (P). Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index. If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. The power windows controls are on the driver’s armrest. They control each of the four windows. To open a window, move the switch towardDN. To close it, move the switch towardUP. 2-27 The switch for the driver’s window has an express-down feature. Pull theAUTO switch back all the way. Once engaged, releaseit and the window will lower all the way. To stop the window from lowering, press the switch forward. To raise the window, pressthe switch forward. Wagon Rear Vent Windows There are individual switches near each window. The driver has a lock out switch. Press LOCK to disablethe power window switches. This will prevent passengers from opening and closingthe windows. The driver can still control all of the windows with the switch in thelocked position. PressUNLOCK to restore normal operation to all passenger window switches. In the rear area, there is a vent window on each sideof the vehicle. To open, lift the latch and push out. To close, pull in and back on the latch. Horn To sound the horn, press the pad with the horn symbol on either sideof the steering wheel. 2-28 Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you to signal a turn or lane a change. To signal a turn, movethe lever allthe way up or down. When the turn is finished, the lever will return automatically. An arrow on the instrument panel will flashin the If a bulbis burned out, replaceit to help avoid an accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you signal a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index). If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring for the trailer lamps, a different turn signal flasher is used. With this flasher installed, the signal indicator will flash even if a turn signal bulb is burned out. Check the front and rear turn signal lamps regularly to make sure they are working. A chime will soundif your turn signal remainson after having driven 1/2 mile (0.8 km), to remind you to turn off your signal. Headlamp Highbow Beam Changer To signal alane change, just raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there untilyou complete your lane change. The lever will return by itself when you release it. As you signal a turnor a lane change,if the arrows don’t flash but just stay on, a signal bulb may be burned out and other drivers won’t see your turn signal. To change the headlamps from low beam to high or high to low, pull the turn signal lever all the way toward you. Then release it. When the high beams are on, this light on the instrument panel will also be on. I I1 ! V?indshield Washer Wagon Rear WindowWashermiper At the topof the multifunction lever there’s a paddle with the wordPUSH on it. To spray washer fluid on the windshield, push the paddle. Spraying will continue as long as the paddleis held. The wipers will clear the window and then either stopor return to your preset speed. IA CAUTION: I In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until the windshieldis warmed. Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking your vision. Press the top of theREAR WIPER-WASH switch toturn on the rear wiper. Press the bottomof the switch to turn itoff. To spray windshield washer fluid on the rear window, press the topof the switch until the rear wiper turns on. Then press the topof the switch further. Washer fluid will start to spray after a couple of seconds and continue as long as you hold the switch. When you release the switch, the wiper will remainon until you turnit off by pressing the bottomof the switch. The rear window washer fluid comes from the windshield washer reservoir. 2.-32 Cruise Control With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot on the accelerator. This can really help on long trips. Cruise control does not work at speeds below about 25 mph (40 km/h). When you apply your brakes, the cruise control shutsoff. Cruise control canbe dangerous whereyou can’t drive safelyat a steady speed. So, don’t use your cruise control on winding roads or inheavy traffic. Cruise control canbe dangerous on slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes in tire traction can cause needless wheel spinning, andyou could lose control. Don’t use cruise controlon slippery roads. 2-33 I Resuming a Set Speed Setting Cruise Control ! Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed and thenyou apply the brake. This,of course, shutsoff the cruise control. But you don’t need to reset it. If you leaveyour cruise control switch on when you’re not using cruise, you mighthit a button and go into cruise when you don’twant to. You could be startled andeven lose control. Keepthe cruise control switch OFF until you want touse it. you can move the cruise control switch fromON to WA (Resume/Accelerate) for about half a second. 1. Move the cruise control switch toON. 2. Get up to the speed you want. Push in theSET button at the end of the lever and releaseit. You’ll go right back up to your chosen meed and stay there. Increasing Speed WhileUsing Cruise Control There aretwo ways to go to a higher speed: 0 4. Take your footoff the accelerator pedal. 2-34 Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed. Press the buttonat the end of the lever, then release the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now cruise at the higher speed. Move the CRUISE switch from ON to WA. Hold it there until you get up to the speed you want, then release the switch. To increase your speed in very small amounts, move the switch to WA for less than half a second and then release it. Each time you do this, your vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster. Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control There are two ways to reduce your speed while using cruise control: 0 Press in the button at the end of the lever until you reach the lower speed you want, thenrelease it. To slow down in very small amounts, press the button for less than half a second. Each time you do tlus, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower. Using Cruise Control on Hills How well yourcruise control will work on hills depends upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills. When goingup steep Ills, you may have to step on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear to keep your speeddown. Of course, applying the brake takes you outof cruise control. Many driversfind this to be too muchtrouble and don’t usecruise control on steep hills. Ending Cruise Control There are two ways to turn offthe cruisecontrol: Step lightly on the brake pedal. 0 Move the CRUISE switch to OFF. Erasing Speed Memory Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control When you turnoff the cruisecontrol or the ignition, Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When your cruise control set speed memoryis erased. you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier. 2-35 Lamps Lamps On Reminder The LIGHTS knob controls these lamps: If the lamp switch isleft on, you’ll hear a warning tone when you turn off the ignition. You can disable the tone on vehicles without Daytime Running Lamps or twilight sentinel by turning the instrument panel brightness all the way down. Headlamps Taillamps ParkingLamps 0 LicenseLamps Sidemarker Lamps Instrument Panel Lights 0 Interior Courtesy Lamps Daytime Running Lamps Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for others to see the front of your vehicle during the day. DRL can be helpfulin many different driving conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short periods after dawn and before sunset. A light sensoron top of the instrument panel makes the DRL work, so be sure it isn’t covered. Pull the knob toward you,to the first setting to turn on the parking lamps.Pull the knob toward you, to the second settingto turn on the headlamps. By rotating the knob, you can make the instrument panel lights bright or dim and turn the courtesy lamps on oroff. The DRL system will make your low-beam headlamps come on at reduced brightnessin daylight when: 0 the ignition is on, 0 the headlamp switch is off, and 0 the parking brake is released. When the DRL are on, only your low-beam headlamps will be on. The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps won’t be on.Your instrument panel won’t be lit up either. 2-36 o ~ f fand , your low-beam headh.nps elrange to duced brightness of DRL. Interior Lamps Front Reading Lamps Delayed Illuminated Entry Without Keyless Entry System Front seat reading lampsare turned on by pressingthe switches located on the rearview mirror. When you openthe door, the interior courtesy lamps will turn on. These lamps will go off automaticallyafter about 40 seconds, or whenthe ignition is turned on. They makeit easy for you to enter and leave the vehicle. You also can turn theselamps on by rotating the LIGHTS switch all the way tothe left. Rear Reading. Lamps Delayed Illuminated Entry Withthe Keyless Entry System As long as the doorsare closed andthe ignition is off If you press the UNLOCK button on the Keyless Entry transmitter,the interior lamps will come onfor about 30 seconds oruntil you start your engine. a If you press theDOOR button on the Keyless Entry transmitter, theinterior lamps will come onfor about two seconds. These courtesy lampsturn on when youopen the doors. To turn on the reading lamps when the doorsare closed, press the top of the switch. Pressthe bottom of the switch to turn them off. Wagon Rear Compartment Lamps Mirrors There are lamps on the assist handles in the rear area of the station wagon. Press the switch to turn them on or off. Inside Daymight Rearview Mirror These lamps come on when the tailgate is opened as a door. Thev turn off when the tailgate is completely closed. When youare sitting in a comfortable driving position, adjust the mirrorso you can see clearly behind your vehicle. The mirror has pivots so that you can move it up and down or side to side. You can adjust the mirror for day or night driving.Pull the tab for night driving to reduce glare. Press the tab for daytime driving. 2-39 Electrochromic Mirror (Option) UdOff Switch rress the switch located at the base of the mirror IO turn on the auto-dimming feature. Press it again to turnoff. Reverse Gear DayMode When the shift leveris placed inREVERSE (R), the mirror changes tothe daytime modefor a bright image in the mirror as you back up. Cleaning Photocells Your Buick may have an automatic inside minor. During the dayit works like a regula mirror, but at night it adjusts for the glareof headlamps behind you. The mirror delays before switching from day to night mode. This change may take a few seconds. This delay prevents rapid changingof the mirror as you drive under lights and through traffic. Use a cotton swab and glass cleaner to clean the front and rear photocells that makethe electrochromic rnirror work. 2-40 Convex Outside Mirror Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the driver’s seat. outside mirror must be adjusted manually. Adjust each mirror so you canjust see the side of your vehicle. Power (Option) If your Buick has optional power mirrors,the mirror control is located on the driver’s door. Movethe center switch to choose either side mirror. Press any of the four arrows to move the mirror in the desired direction. A convex mirror can make things (like other vehicles) look farther away than they really are. If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your MIRROR inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before L changing lanes. Adjust each mirrorso you canjust see the sideof your vehicle and the area behind your vehicle. u Heated Outside Rearview Mirrors (Option) Storage Compartments The outside mirrors are heated when you activatethe rear window defogger. Each of the side doors has a storage compartment. Foldaway Outside Mirrors You also have storage pockets behind thefront seats. Manual Glove Box To adjust the driver’sside outside mirror, rotate the knob located on the driver’s door.The passenger’s side To open the glove box,pull the latch toward you. Use the door key tolock and unlock the glove box. 2-41 Front Storage Armrest (Option) Wagon Locked Storage Compartment 'l'his compartment is on the inside panelat the rear of the vehicle, on the drrver's side. Use the oval key to lock and unlock this door. The front armrest opens intoa storage area with a coinholder and slots for cassettes and compact discs. You can fold out the cupholders and close the compartment lid. Turn the key to the right to unlock. The key cannot be removed in this position. To close and lock,lift up and push in on the door. Turn the key to left, back to the original position and remove. There are also storage bins in the rear area. ' 2-42 Convenience Net (Wagon) If the wagon has a rear facing third seat, items stored in the net could injure occupants seated there in the event of a crash, or the net could slow their exit afterward.Unhook the net and store it when passengers will ride in the rear facing seat. A convenience net is provided for the rearof your wagon to help keep small loads, Like grocery bags, from falling over during sharp turns or quick stops andstarts. The net is not for larger, heavier loads. Store such loads under the load floor,or on the load floor as far forward as you can. Keepthe rear load floor flat when you use the net. 2-43 Convenience Net (Sedan) Cargo Cover OrRoll-Up Cargo Cover The cargo cover allows hidden storage inthe rear area of your vehicle.The cover is mounted behind the second seat. To use the cargo cover: 1. Pull the cargo cover by the center handle all the way to the tailgate. Your vehicle has a convenience net. You’ll see it just inside the back wall of the trunk. 2. Put the hooks of the handle into the slots on the rear pillar trim. Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net. It can To return the cover: help keep themfrom falling over during sharp turns or 1. Pull on the handle, pulling the cover up and out of quick starts and stops.The net isn’t for larger, heavier the slots. loads. Store them in the trunk as far forward as you can. 2. Gently let the cover roll back to the front. Be careful You can unhook the net so that it will lie flat when not tolet go of the cover beforeit is fully retracted, you’re not usingit. as it could be damaged. To carry larger items,the cargo cover canbe removed and the second seat folded down.To do this: To install the cargo cover: 1. Grasp one end of the cargo cover and pushit toward the opposite end. 2. Stand at one side and graspone end of the roller. 2. Slide it out of the bracket. Store the rolled coveron the floor behind the front seat. 1. Make Sure the handle is on top. 3. Place the opposite endinto the mounting bracketon the far side. 4. Push the roller toward the inserted end to shorten it and slide the near endinto the slot of the bracket near you. It should snapinto place. An improperly stored cargo cover could be thrown about the vehicle during a collision or sudden maneuver. You or others could be injured. If you remove the cover, always store it When you putit back, always be sure thatis it securely reattached. 5. Pull on each end of the cover to be sureit is locked in place. The cover can be left rolled up when not needed. 2-45 Luggage Carrier (Option) If you try to carry something on top of your vehicle that is longer or wider than theluggage carrier like paneling, plywood, a mattress, and so forth the wind can catchit as you drive along. This can causeyou to lose control. What you are carryingcould be violentlytorn off, and this could causeyou or other drivers to have a collision, and of course damage your vehicle. You may be able to carry something like inside. this But, never carry something longerwider or than your luggage carrier on topof your vehicle. -- -- You have a luggage carrier and can load things on top of your vehicle. The luggage carrier has slats and side rails attached to the roof, sliding cross rails and placesuse to for tying things down. These let you load some things on topof your vehicle,so long as they are not wider or longer than the luggage carrier. Adjusting the Crossbar NOTICE: Loading-cargo thatweighs more than 200 Ibs. (90 kg) onthelu-ggagecarrier may damage your vehicle. When you carry cargo on the luggage carrier of a proper size and weight, put iton the slats, as far forward asyou can, and distributethe load evenly alongthe slats. Then slide the cross rail up against the rear of the load, to help keep it from moving. You can then tie it down. Don’t exceed the maximum vehiclecapacity when loading your Buick. For moreinformation on vehicle capacity and loading, see “Loading Your Vehicle’’ in the Index. To prevent damage or loss .of cargo as you’re driving, check now and then to makesure the luggage carrier and cargo are still securely fastened. 1. Loosen the knob at each endof the crossbar. 2. Position the crossbar by sliding it on the track. 3. Attach commercialcarriers as recommendedby their manufacturer. 4. Tighten the knob tosecure the crossbar in place. The front center ashtray may belifted out for cleaning. The cigarette lighter is near the front center ashtray.To use the lighter, pushit in all the way and let go. When it’s ready,it will pop backby itself. The rear ashtrays are located on the door armrests. Lift the cover and pullup on a rear ashtray to remove if for cleaning. I NOTICE: Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter I NOTICE: Don’t put papersor other flammable things into your ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or other smoking materialscould ignite them, causing a damaging fire. If you hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand while it is heating, itwon’t be able to back away from the heatingelement whenit’s ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the lighter and the heatingelement. Sun Visors Wagon Vista Cover To block out glare, you can swing downthe visors. You can also swingthem to the side.If the visors swing too easily, tighten the screwson the rear of the visors. Two sunshades above the second seat block out sun rays for second seat passengers. Visor Vanity Mirror (Option) The lighted visor vanity mirror lights up when the mirror cover is opened. Closing the mirror cover turns off the lamps. 2-49 Instrument Panel 1. Side Vents 9. Audio System 2. Main Lamp Control 10. Transmission Shift Lever 3. Instrument Cluster 11. Horn Symbols 4. Center Vents 12. Multifunction Lever 5. Cornfort Controls 13. Parking Brake Release 6. Glove Box 14. Hood Release 7. Ashtray andCigarette Lighter 15. Rear Wipermasher and Rear Window Release (Wagon) 8. Convenience Tray Instrument Panel Cluster LOW COOLANT LEVEL 2HOT - FLUID TEMP -& '4 FUEL LEVEL 0 C,\' ' I ? MPH kmlh P R N m 3 2 1 0 . '120 U UNLEADED FUEL ONLY FUEL BRAKE Your instrument panelis designed tolet you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You'll know how fast you're going, how muchfuel you're using, and many other things you'll need to know to drive safely and economically. 2-52 LOCK Speedometer and Odometer Trip Odometer Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your odometer shows howfar your vehiclehas been driven, in either miles (usedin the United States) or kilometers (used in Canada). Your Buick has a tamper-resistant odometer. If you can see very noticeable bright silver lines between the numbers, someone has probably triedto turn it back. The numbers may notbe accurate. You may wonder what happensif a vehicle has to have a new odometer installed. The new one should be set to the same reading as the old one. If that is not possible, then it’s set at zero, and a label on the driver’s door must show the old reading and when the new one was installed. ..-~. _ _. @ 101010l01011121 .., A trip odometercan tell you how may miles you have driven since you last set it to zero. To reset it, press the button. Safety Belt Reminder Lig When thekey is turned to RUN or STAFtT, a chime WUJ come on for about eight secondsto remind people to fasten their safety belts, unless the driver's safety belt is already buckled. The safety belt light will also come on and stay on until thednver's belt is buckled. ." Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even gerws. So please getto know your warning lights gagei'They're a big help. . , . Air Bag Readiness Light There is an air bagreadiness light on the instrument panel, which shows AIR BAG.The system checksthe air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The system check includes the air bag sensors, the air bag modules, the wiring andthe crash sensing and diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag system, see “Air Bag’’ in the Index. AIR BAG You will see this light flash for a few seconds when you turn your ignition to RUN or START.Then the light should go out. This means the system is ready. Battery Light When you turn the key to RUN or START, this light will come on briefly,to show that your alternator and battery charging systems are working. VOLTS If the light stays on, your vehicle needs service and you should take your Buick to the dealer at once. To save your batteryuntil you get there, turn off all accessories and set your air system to OFF. IXthe air bag readiness light doesn’t come on when you start your vehicle, or stays on, or comes on when you are driving, your air bagsystem may not work properly. Have yourvehicle serviced right away. 2-55 Brake System Warning Light Your Buick’s hydraulic brake systemis divided into two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you need both parts working well. If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake problem. Haveyour brake system inspected right away. harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor. It may take longer to stop. If the lightis still on, have the vehicle towed for service. (See “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.) A CAUTION: This light should come on when you turn the ignition key to START. If it doesn’t come on then,have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem. Your brake systemmay not be working properly if the brake system warning lighton. is Driving with the brake system warning light on can lead to an accident.If the lightis still on after you’ve pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed for service. If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the road and stop carefully.You may notice that the pedal is When the ignitionis on, the brake system warning light will also come on when you set your parking brake. The light will stay onif your parking brake doesn’t release fully. If it stays on after your parking brakeis fully released, it means you havea brake problem. 2-56 Anti-Lock BrakeSystem Warning Light ANTI LOCK With the anti-lock brake system, this light will come on when you start your engine and may stay on for several seconds. That’s normal. The anti-lock brake system warning light should come on briefly when you turnthe ignition key toRUN. If the light doesn’tcome on then,have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if thereis a problem. The anti-lock brake system warning light may also come on when you are driving with a compact spare tire. If this happens, the light means you won’t have anti-lock until you replace the compact spare with a full-size tire. If the warning light stayson after you replace the compact spare with a full-size tire, orit if comes on again when you’re driving, your Buick needs service. If the light stays on, turn the ignition off. Or, if thelight comes on when you’re driving, stop as soon as possible and turn the ignitionoff. Then start theengine again to reset the system.If the light still stayson, or comes on again while you’re driving, your Buick needs service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake systemwarning light is also on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a problem with your regular brakes. See “Brake System Warning Light” earlier in this part. 2-57 Engine Coolant Temperature Warning Light This light comes on asa bulb check when you start your engine. This light tells you that yourengine coolant has overheated. Engine Coolant Temperature Gage I TEMP & h This gage shows theengine coolant temperature. If the gage pointei moves into the red area, yourengine is too hot! HOT If you have been operating your vehicle under normal driving conditions, youshould pull off the road, stop your vehicle and turn the engine off as soon as possible. In “Problems on theRoad,” this manual shows you what to do.See “Engine Overheating” in the Index. 2-58 That reading meansthe sarne thing as the warning light. It means that :your engine coolant has overheated.If you have been operating your vehicle under normal driving conditions, you should pulloff the road,stop your vehicle and turn off the engine as soonas possible. See “Engine Overheating” in theIndex. Low Coolant Warning Light LOW COOLANT LEVEL If you have this light and it comes on, the system is low on coolant and the engine may overheat. Malfunction IndicatorLamp (Service Engine Soon Light) CHECK Canada SERVICE 'ENGINE SOON Domestic Your Buick is equipped with a computer which monitors operationof the fuel, ignition and emission control systems. 2-59 This systemis called OBDIT (On-Board Diagnostics-Second Generation) andis intended NOTICE: to assure thatemissions are at acceptable levels for the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner If you keep driving your vehicle with this light environment. (In Canada, OBDI1 is replaced by on, after a while, your emission controls may not Enhanced Diagnostics.)The SERVICE ENGINE SOON work as well, your fuel economy may not be as light comes on to indicate that there is a problem and service is required. Malfunctions often. will be indicated good and your engine may not run as smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs that may not be by the system before any problem is apparent, which covered by your warranty. may prevent more serious damageto your vehicle. This system is also designed to assist your service technician in correctly diagnosing any malfunction. This light shouldcome on, as acheck to show youit is working, when the ignitionis on andthe engine is not running. If the light doesn’tcome on, haveit repaired. This light will also come on during a malfunction one in of two ways: ~ e Light Flashing-- A misfire condition has been detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and may damage the emission control system on your vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and serviceis required. e Light On Steady -- An emission control system malfunction has been detected on your vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and service may be required. 2-60 If the LightIs Flashing If the Light Is On Steady The following may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle: You may be able to correct the emission system malfunction by considering the following: 0 Reduce vehicle speed. Did youjust put fuel into your vehicle? 0 Avoid hard accelerations. If so, reinstall the fuel cap, malung sureto fully install Avoid steep uphill grades. 0 If towing a trailer, reduce them o u n t of cargo being hauled as soonas it ispossible. If the light stops flashingand remains on steady,see “If the Light Is On Steady” following. If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to doso, stop the vehicle. Put your vehicle inPARK (P). Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your dealeror qualified service centerfor service. the cap. The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed. This will, allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A few driving trips should turn the light off. Did youjust drive through a deep puddle of water? If so, your electrical system maybe wet. The condition will usually be corrected when the electrical system dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off. Are you low on fuel? As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine may not run as efficiently as designed since small amounts of air are sucked into the fuel line causing a misfire.The system can detect this. Addingfuel should correct this condition. Make sure to install thefuel cap properly. It will take a few driving trips to turn the light off. 2-61 Have you recently changed brands of fuel? Engine Oil Pressure Light If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with qualityfuel (see “Fuel” in the Index). Poorfuel quality will cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you put the vehicleinto gear, misfiring, hesitation on acceleration or stumblingon acceleration. (These conditions maygo away once the engineis warmed up.) This will be detected by the system and cause the light to turn on. 1 If you experience this condition, change the fuel brand you use. It will requireat least one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off. If none of the above stepshave made the light turnoff, have your dealer or qualified service center check the vehicle. Your dealer hasthe proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical problems that may have developed. This light tells youif there could be a problem with OIL There are three times this light can come on briefly, which is normal and doesn’t show a problem. They are: The light comes on when you turn your key to RUN or START. That’sjust a check tobe sure the light works. If this light doesn’t come on, be sure to have it fixed so it will be there to warn you if something goes wrong. 0 If you’re idling at a stop sign, the light may blink on and then off. If you make a hard stop, the light may come on for a moment. - But, when this light comeson and stays on,it means oil isn’t going through yourengine properly. You could be low on oil,or you might have some otheroil problem. Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure islow. If you do, your engine can become so hot thatit catches fire.You or others couldbe burned. Check youroil as soon as possible and have your vehicle serviced. I NOTICE: Damage to your engine from neglected oil problems canbe costly and is notcovered by your warranty. Low Oil Level Light LOW OIL LEV ‘.* 1 . . * ;p,. - .. - . >I, ..“ .., .. . 4 . 2-5 The LOW OIL LEV light should come on briefly while you are starting your engine.If the light doesn’t come on,have your vehicle serviced,so it will be readyto warn you if there’s a problem. If the light stays on, your engine oil level shouldbe checked. Check youroil level (be sure your vehicleis on a level surface), and bring the engine oil up to the proper level, if necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index. ” ’ Change Oil Indicator CHANGE OIL The CHANGE OIL light should come on briefly as a bulb check when you start the engine.If the light doesn’tcome on, have it serviced. maintenance schedule or when the CHANGE OIL light comes on, whichever comes first. See “Engine Oil” in the Index. After changing the engine oil, the system must be reset. With the ignition key in the RUN position but the engine off, fully push and release the accelerator pedal three times within five seconds.If the CHANGEOIL light flashes two times, the system is reset. However, if the light comeson and stays onfor five seconds, it did not reset. You’ll need to reset the system again. Cruise Control Light This light comeson when you set cruise control. If the CHANGEOIL light comes on and stays on for 20 seconds after you start the engine, have the oil changed. The light may indicate to change the oil sooner than suggested in your maintenance schedule, depending on your driving patterns.The light is activated by the Engine Oil Life Monitor System which determines the condition of the oil but doesn’t sense heavy dust in the air or check the oil level. Therefore, you should change your oil at the intervals recommended in your 2-64 CRUISE Low Washer Fluid Light LOW WASH FLUID This light will come on as a bulb check when you start the engine. If this light comes on and stays on, it means you’re low on washer fluid. Add fluid.See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index. Wagon Gate Ajar Light GATE AJAR This light should come on when d e tailgate is opened as a dobr. It will stay on until thetailgate has been fully closed. It does not come on when the tailgate has been openedas a drop-gate. f Pass Key Light If the engine does not start and this light comes on, the key may be dirty or wet. PASS KEY If this light comes on and stays on while driving, you will be able to restart your vehicle if you turnit off. However, your vehicle will not be protected the by PASS-Key I1 feature. See “PASS-Key%’’ in the Index. 2-65 Fuel Gage FUEL 112 F Low Fuel Light Your fuel gage shows how much fuel is in your tank.It works only when the engine isWhen on. indicator the nearsEMPTY (E), youstill have a little fuel left.You need to get more right away. The following situations are normal and do not indicate a fuel gage malfunction. 0 At the gas station,the gas pump shuts off before the gage reads FULL0;). 0 It takes more (or less) gas fill to up than the gage indicated. For example,the gage may have indicated half full, butit took more-- or less -- than half of the tank’s capacity tofill it. 0 The gage may move when you turn a corner, speed up or stop your vehicle. 0 When you turn the engineoff, the gage doesn’t go all the way back toEMPTY (E). LOW FUEL This light comes on briefly as a bulb check when you start your engine.If this light comeson and stays on, you should get more fuel soon. NOTES 2-67 2-68 Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems In this section you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your Buick. Be sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle. Comfort Controls With this system, youcan control the heating,air conditioning and ventilationin your Chevrolet.Your vehicle also has a flow-through ventilation system described laterin this section. Standard Climate Control System Fan Control The fan control selects theforce of air you want.Slide the leverto the right to increase fan speed and slide the lever to the leftto decrease fan speed. Temperature Control Slide the temperature control between COOL and WARM to change the temperature of the air coming through your air outlets. Heating When outside temperatures are cold, sliding the temperature control toWARM will send heated air through the heater outlets, and some through the defrost outlet. 3-1 IQlr %b-n&'tioning . . -; . .- . , -< ~ -* ~ A:. . .. * -. - Electronic Climate , ~ --Onvery hot days, open the windows long enough tolet ...ihot inside air escape. This reduces the'amount of work . *,yourair conditioner's compressor will have to do, which . .should help fuel economy. Press A/C to turn on the . . . - ' iair . conditioning. Contr I (Option) . , < ,, . . _ . q 'E RECIRC: This setting provides~maximumcooling by .. *: irecirculating theair inside your vehicle.The airflow =*. -.comesfrom the upper outlets. : -MIDDLE: Pressing this button directs the air through - .- - . Yhe upper outlets. - ' - yi *' - ,o,, . * . . .' :I -. I. 'X . - BLEND: This setting directs the airflow to the upper . - - outlets and the heater outlets. System Controls FLOOR: Pressing this button directs all the airflow to the heater outlets. TEMP: To choose the temperature you want maintained inside the vehicle, use this button. Pressing theTEMP button only once with the exterior temperature displayed will not change the set temperature. From the AUTO mode, pressing the temperature to 90°F (33 O C ) will automatically allow the system to select the high fanspeed and FLOOR mode. From the AUTO mode, pressingthe temperature to 60OF (16 O C ) will automatically allow the system to select the high fan speed and MIDDLE mode to recirculate air. AUTO: When the system is set forautomatic, air will come from the heater outlets, the upper outlets or both. Fan speed will vary (unless an arrow onthe FAN button has been pressed) as the system gets to and maintains the temperature setting you have selected. The selected temperature, the fan speed and AUTOwill appear on the display. In cold weather, the system will delay turning onthe fan to avoid blowing cold air. The length of the delay depends onengine coolant temperature, outside temperature and time since the engine was last started. Pressing an arrow on the FAN button will override this delay andturn on the fan. MIDDLE: Pressing this button directs the air through the upper outlets. BLEND: This setting directs the airflow to the upper outlets and the heater outlets. FLOOR: Pressing this setting directs all airflow tothe heater outlets. VENT: Use this setting when you don’t want tocool the air coming into your vehicle.The airflow will come from theupper outlets. OFF: When the system is off, the ventilation allows air to flow through the heater outlets while the vehicle is moving. The exterior temperature will show in the display area. Fan Speeds The speed of the fanis controlled automatically if you have the fan on AUTO. However, you can control the fan speed with the FAN button. The fan speed willgo lower or higher with every press of the button until the lowest or highest speed is reached. 3-3 Ventilation System Adjust the direction of airflow by m0vin.g the louvered vents. For mild outside temperatures, when little heating or cooling is needed, press theA/C button on the manual system to deactivate theair conditioner. RECIRC, DEFOG and DEFROST must also be off. Air will flow through the heater outlets. Adjust the temperature control lever to a comfortable level. The automatic system will recirculate the air inside the vehicle for maximum air conditioning performance if the inside of the vehicleis hot. The automatic system will return to circulating outside air once the vehicle interior has cooled down. Defogging and Defrosting DEFROST: This setting directs theairflow to the Fresh air from outside your vehicle flows through your defrost outlet and some to the heater outlet. Use defrost when you wantto remove fog orice from the windshield. Buick when the vehicleis moving. Whenthe vehicle is Fan speed will be controlled automatically, or you can not moving, you canget outside air to flow through by choose another speed by pressing the FAN button. selecting any air choice, except the rear window defogger (and anyfan speed if you have the manual DEFOG: This setting directs the airflow to the defrost climate control system). outlet to keep the windshield clear and to the heater outlet for passenger comfort. Rear Window Defogger @ REAR DEFOG:Press &usbutton to getfog or ice off your rear window. After10 minutes, the rear window defogger will go off by itself, or pressing the button again during the heating cycle will shut it off. If you need additional warming time, press the button again. If you have the heated outside rearviewmirrors option, the mirrors will be warmed when the rear defoggeris on. Do not attach anything like a temporary vehicle license or decal across the defogger grid on the rear window. NOTICE: Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp on the insideof the rear window.If you do, you could cutor damage the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. Audio Systems Your Delco@audio system has been designedto operate easily and give years of listening pleasure. You will get the most enjoymentout of it if you acquaint yourself with it first. Find out what your Delco system can do and how to operate all itscontrols, to be sure you’re getting the most outof the advanced engineering that went into it. S’ettingthe Clock Press and hold HRS until the correct hour appears. Press and hold MIN until.the correct minute appears. You may set the clock with the ignition off if you press RECALL first and follow the same procedure described above. 3-5 AM-FM Stereo with CassetteTape Player RECALL: Press the upper knob briefly to recall the station being playedor the clock display.To change what is normally shown onthe display (stationor time), press the knob until you see the display you want, then hold the knob until the display flashes. If you press the knob when the ignitionis off, the clock will showfor a few seconds. Finding a Station AM-FM: Press the lower knob to select AM, FM1 or FM2. The display shows your selection. Playing the Radio VOLUME: Turn this knobto turn the system on and off. Turn it clockwise to increase the volume. Turnit counterclockwise to decreasethe volume. 3-6 TUNE: Turn the lowerknob to choose radio stations. SEEK: Press the forward or backward arrow to go to the next higher or lower station. The sound will be muted while seeking. SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds and SCAN will appearon the display. UseSCAN to listen to stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to a station, stopfor a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press oneof the SEEK arrows again to stop scanning. The sound will be muted while scanning. PUSHBUTTONS: The six numberedpushbuttons let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). TREB: Press thisbutton lightly so it extends. Turn the knob to increase or decrease treble. The middle position is a detent. 1. Press AM-FM to select the band. Push the knobs back in when youare not usingthem. 2. Find the station you want by using TUNE or SEEK. Adjusting the Speakers BAL: Turn the control behind the upper knob to move the sound tothe left or right speakers. The middle position is a detent and balancesthe speakers. 3. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons. 4. The sound will mute. When it returns, release the button. Whenever you pressthat numbered button, the station you set will return. P SCAN:Press t h s button to listen to each of your preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to the first preset station, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the radio will not stop at thepreset station. Setting the Tone BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the knob to increase or decrease bass. The middle position is a detent. FADE: Turn the control behind the lower knob to move the sound to the front orrear speakers. The middle position is a detent andbalances the speakers. Playing a CassetteTape The longer siae with the tape visible should face to the right. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off, the tape will beginplaying. If you hear nothing or hear a garbled sound, the tape may not bein squarely. Press EJECT to remove the tape and start over. While the tape is playing, use the VOLUME, FADE, BAL, TREB and BASScontrols just as you do for the radio. Other controls may have different functions when a tape is inserted. The display will show an arrow to show which sideof the tape is playing. 3-7 If you want to insert a tape when the ignition or radio is off, first pressEJECT or RECALL. Note that the cassette tape adapterkits for portable compact disc players may not work in your cassette player. These adapters can cause an error message on the display, and the adapter cassette could be ejected. SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side of the tape that is playing. (6): Press this button to reduce background noise. The display will show eitherOFF or ON for a few seconds when you press the button. Dolby@ Noise Reduction is manufactured under a Your tape bias isset automatically. license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby and the double-D symbolare trademarks of SEEK: Press theforward or backward arrow to search Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. for the next or previous selectionon the tape.Your tape must haveat least three secondsof silence between each EJECT: Press this button to remove the tape. The radio selection for SEEK to work.The sound will be muted will play. while seeking. CLN: This messagemay appear on the display.If it 44 (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly. does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will will still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as play while the tape reverses. possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player. See (4): Press this button to advance quickly to another “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for five part of the tape. Press the button again to return to seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will playing speed. The radio will play while the tape display --- to show the indicator was reset. advances. . 3-8 AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player and AutomaticTone Control (Option) RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station being played or the clock display.To change whatis normally shownon the display (stationor time), press this button until yousee the display you want, then hold the button until the display flashes. If you press the button when the ignition is off, the clock will showfor a few seconds. Finding a Station AM-FM: Press this button to selectAM, FMl or FM2. The display shows your selection. TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose radio stations. SEEK: Press the up or down arrows togo to the next higheror lower station.The sound willbe muted while seeking. Playing the Radio VOLUME: Press this knob to turn the system on and off. Turn it clockwise to increase the volume. Turnit counterclockwise to decrease the volume. SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds and SCAN will appearon the display. Use SCAN to listen to stations for a few seconds.The radio will go to a station, stopfor a few seconds, thengo on to the next station. Pressone of the SEEK buttons again to stop scanning. The sound will be muted while scanning. PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to yourfavorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). 1. Press AM-FM to select the band. 2. Find the station you wantby using TUNE or SEEK. 3. Press TONEto select the setting you prefer. 4. Press andhold one of the six numbered buttons. 5. The sound will mute. When it returns, release the button. Whenever youpress that numbered button, the station youset will return and the TONE you selected will be automatically selectedfor that button. P SCAN:Press this button tolisten to each of your preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to the fiistpreset station, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next presetstation. Press P SCAN again to stop scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the radio will not stop at the preset station. AUTO SET: Press this button and the system will seek and set the12 strongest FM or the 6 strongest AM stations on your presetbuttons. To return to thestations you manually set, press AUTO SET again. 3-: Setting theTone BASS: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the knob to increase or decrease bass. The middle position is a detent. TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turnthe knob toincrease or decrease treble.The middle position is a detent. Push the knobs backin when you are not using them. TONE: This feature allows you to choose presettreble and bass equalizationsettings designed for classical, pop, rock,jazz, talk andcountry/western stations. CLASS will appear onthe display when youfirst pres,s TONE. Each time you pressit, another settingwill appear on the display. Pressit again afterC & W appears andMANUAL, will appear. Tonecontrol will return to the TREB and BASSknobs. Also, if you use the TREB and BASS knobs,control will return to them and MANUAL will appear. adapters can cause an error message on the display, and the adapter cassette could beejected. Your tape bias is set automatically. PREV (1): Press this button to searchfor the previous selection on thetape. Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence between each selection for PREV to work. The sound will be muted while seeking. NEXT (2):Press this buttonto search for the next selection on thetape. Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence between each selection for NEXT to work. The sound will be muted whileseeking. The SEEK up and down arrows willalso find the previous and next selections on the tape. 44 (3): Press this button toreverse the tape rapidly. Press it again toreturn to playing speed. The radio will play whilethe tape reverses. (4): Press this button to advance quicklyto another part of the tape. Press the button again to return to playing speed. The radio will play while the tape advances. SIDE (5): Press this button tochange the side of the tape that is playing. . 10 (6): Press this button to reduce background noise. The double-D symbol will appear on the display. Dolby Noise Reductionis manufactured under a license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby and the double-D symbolare trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and Compact Disc Players and Automatic Tone Control (Option) AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a tape is in the player. SOURCE: Press this button to change to the tape function when the radiois on. TAPE withan arrow will appear on the display when the tape is active. EJECT Press this button to remove the tape. The radio will play. CLN: This message may appearon the display. If it does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player. See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After Playing the Radio you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for five VOLUME: Press this knob to turn the system on and seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will off. Turnit clockwise to increase the volume. Turn it display --- to show the indicator was reset. counterclockwise to decrease the volume. 3-12 RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station being played or the clock display. To change what is normally shown on the display (stationor time), press the button until yousee the display you want, then hold the button until the display flashes. If you press the button when the ignitionis off, the clock will showfor a few seconds. PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your favorite stations.You can set up to 18 stations (six AM, sixFM1 and six FM2). Finding a Station AM-FM: Press this buttonto select AM,FM1 or FM2. The display shows your selection. 4. Press and holdone of the six numbered buttons. TUNE: Press the up or down m o w to choose radio stations. SEEK: Press the up or down mows to go to the next higher or lower station. The sound will be muted while seeking. SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds and SCAN will appear on the display. UseSCAN to listen to stationsfor a few seconds.The radio will go to a station, stopfor a few seconds, then goon to the next station. Press one of the SEEK arrows again to stop scanning. The sound willbe muted while scanning. 1. Press AM-FMto select the band. by using TUNE or SEEK. 2. Find the station you want 3. Press TONE to select the setting you prefer. 5. The sound will mute. Whenit returns, release the button. Whenever you press that numbered button, the station you set will return and the TONE you selected willbe automatically selectedfor that button. P SCAN:Press this buttonto listen to eachof your preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will goto the first preset station, stopfor a few seconds, thengo on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the radio willnot stop at the preset station. AUTO PRESET Press this button andthe system will seek and set the12 strongest FM or the 6 strongest AM stations on your preset buttons. To return to the stations you manually set, press AUTO PRESET again. 3-13 Setting theTone BASS: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turnthe knob to increaseor decrease bass. TREB: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the knob to increase or decrease treble. FADE: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turnthe knob to move the soundto the frontor rear speakers. Use the middle position to balance these speakers. Push the knobs back in when you are not using them. Playing a Cassette Tape Push the knobs backin when you are not using them. The longer side with the tape visible should face to the TONE: This feature allows you to choose preset treble right. If the ignitionis on, but the radiois off, the tape will begin playing.If you hear nothingor hear a garbled and bass equalization settings designed for classical, sound the tape may not be in squarely. Press EJECT to pop, rock,jazz, talk and country/western stations. remove the tape and start over. CLASS will appearon the display when you first press TONE. Each time you press it, another setting will While the tapeis playing, use the VOLUME,FADE, appear on the display. Press it again after C& W BAL, TREB and BASS controls just as you dofor the appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone control will radio. Other controls mayhave different functions when return to the TREB andBASS knobs. Also, if you use a tapeis inserted. The display will show an arrow to the TREB and BASS knobs, control will return to them show which sideof the tapeis playing. and MANUAL will appear. If you want to insert a tape when the ignition or radio is off, first press EJECT or RECALL. Note that the Adjusting the Speakers cassette tape adapter kits for portable compact disc BAL: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the players may not work in your cassette player. These knob to movethe sound to theleft or right speakers. adapters can cause an error message onthe display, and Use the middle position to balance these speakers. the adapter cassette could be ejected. Your tape biasis set automatically. Playing a Compact Disc Insert a disc partway into the slot, label sideThe .up. player will pullit in. The disc should begin playing. NEXT (2): Press this button to go to the next track. If you hold the button or pressit more than once, the player will continue moving forward through the disc. The sound will be muted while seeking. If you’re drivingon a very rough road orif it’s very hot, The SEEK down and up arrows will also find the the disc may not play and an error code may appear on previous and next selectionson the disc. the display. Press RECALLto take the errorcode off the display. When things get back to normal, the disc should 44 (3): Press and hold this button to return to a passage quickly. You will hear sound. play. If the disc comes out,it could be that: (4): Press and hold this button to advance to a The disc is upside down. passage quickly. You will hear sound. It is dirty, scratched or wet. RAND (6):Press this button to hear the tracks in It is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and random, rather than sequential, order. try again.) AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc RECALL: Press this button tosee which trackis is in the player. playing. Pressit again within five seconds to see how If you turn off the ignitionor radio with a disc in the long it has been playing. To change what is normally player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the shown onthe display (track or elapsed time), press the ignition or system, the disc will start playing where it button until you see the display you want, then hold the stopped, if it was the last-selected audio source. button untilthe display flashes. SOURCE: Press this button to change to the discfunction PREV (1): Press this button togo to the start of the when the radio is on. When a disc is inserted, the disc will current track,if more than eight seconds have played. If play until you pressA M - F M . Then the disc will stop you hold the button or press it more than once, the playing and the radio will play. Press SOURCE again to player will continue moving back through the disc. The play a disc again. CD PLAY will show on the display. sound will be muted while seeking. EJECE Press this button to remove the disc. The radio will play. . Theft-Deterrent Feature THEFTLOCK" is designed to discourage theft of your radio. It works by using a secret code to disable all radio functions whenever battery poweris removed. If THEFTLOCK is active, the THEFTLOCK indicator will flash when the ignition is OFF. 1. Write down any three or four-digit number from 000 to 1999 and keep it in a safe place separate from the vehicle. 2. Turn the ignition to the ACCESSORY or RUN position. 3. Turn the radio off. The THEFTLOCK feature for the radio may be usedor ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally and the radio is not protected by the feature.If THEFTLOCK is activated, your radio will not operate if stolen. 4. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down until --- shows on the display. Nextyou will use the secret code number which youhave written down. When THEFTLOCKis activated, the radio will display LOC toindicate a locked condition anytime battery power is removed. If your battery loses power for any reason, you must unlock the radio with the secret code before it will operate. 6. Press MIN again to makethe last two digits agree with yourcode. Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature The in,ydructions which follow explain how to enter your secret code to activate the THEFTLOCK system. It is recommended that you readthrough all nine steps before starting the procedure. NOTE: If you allow more than15 seconds to elapse between any steps, the radio automatically reverts to time and you muststart the Procedure over at Step4. 5. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display. 7. Press H R S to make the first one or two digits agree with yourcode. 8. Press AM-FM after youhave confirmed that the code matches the secret code you have written down. The display will show REP tolet you know that you need to repeat Steps 5 through 7 to confirm your secret code. 9. Press AM-FM and this time the display will show SEC to let you know that your radio is secure. 3-17 Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature After a Power Loss Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature 2. Press MIN and000 will appearon the display. 2. Turn the radio off. Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than 15 seconds between steps: . '15 seconds between steps: 1. Turn the ignition to the ACCESSORY or 1. LOC appears when the ignitionis on. RUN position. 3. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree 3. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them with your code. down until SEC showson the display. 4. Press H R S to make the first one or two digits agree 4. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display. agree with your code. 5. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree 5. Press AM-FM after youhave confirmed that the with your code. code matches the secret code you have written down. 6. Press HRS to make the firstone or two digits agree The display will show SEC, indicating the radio is with your code. now operable and secure. 7. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the I.I you enter the wrong code eight times,INOP will code matches the secret code you have written down. appear on the display. You will have to wait an hour The display will show---,indicating that the radiois with the ignition on before you can try again. When you no longer secured. try again, you will only have three chances to enter the If the code enteredis incorrect, SEC will appear on the correct code before INOP appears. display. The radio will remain secured until the correct If you lose or forget your code, contact your dealer. code is entered. When battery poweris given to a secured radio,the radio won't turn on andLOC will appear on the display. Understanding Radio Reception FM Stereo FM stereo will give youthe best sound. ButF M signals will reach only about10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 h)Tall . buildings or hillscan interfere with FM signals, causing the soundto come and, go. AM .The range for most AM stations is greater than forFM, !especially at.night. The longer range, however, can cause stationsto interfere with each other.AM can pick up noisefrom things like storms and power lines. Try reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you everit.get Tips About Your Audio System Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable until it is too late.Your hearing can adapt to higher volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud and harmfulto your hearing. Take precautions by adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe sound level before your hearing adapts to it. To help avoid hearing lossor damage: Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting. Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably and clearly. NOTICE: Before you add any sound equipment to your vehicle like a tape player, CB radio, mobile telephone ortwo-way radio be sure you can add whatyou want. If you can, it's very important to doit properly. Added sound equipment may interfere with the operationof your vehicle's engine, Delco radio or other systems, and even damage them. Your vehicle's systems mayinterfere with the operationof sound equipment that has been added improperly. So, before adding sound equipment, check with your dealer andbe sure tocheck Federal rules covering mobile radio and telephone units. -- -- 3-19 Care of Your Cassette Tape Player A tape player thatis not cleaned regularly can cause reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their cases awayfrom contaminants, direct sunlight and extreme heat.If they aren’t, they may not operate properly or may cause failure the of tape player. Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every 50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLN to indicate that you have used your tape player 50 forhours without resetting the tape clean timer. If you notice a reduction in sound quahty,try a known good cassette to see if the tape or the tape playeris at fault. If this other cassette has no improvement in sound quality, clean the tape player. Cleaning may be done with a scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.It is normal forthe cassette to eject while cleaning because your unit is equipped with a cut tape feature. To temporarily override this feature (for one insertion), turn the radiooff and press and hold TAPE AUX until the tape symbol flashes on the display, then insert the cassette again. Insert the cassette at least three times to ensure thorough cleaning.A scrubbing action cleaning cassette is available through your Buick dealer. 3-20 You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type cleaner which usesa cassette witha fabric belt to clean the tape head.This type of cleaning cassette will not eject. It may not clean as thoroughlyas the scrubbing type cleaner. Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may degrade over time. Always make sure that the cassette tape is ingood condition before you have your tape player serviced. Care of Your Compact Discs Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight and dust.If the surfaceof a disc is soiled, dampena clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge. Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling discs. Pick up discsby grasping the outer edges or the edge of the hole andthe outer edge. Fixed Mast Antenna The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes without being damaged.If the mast should ever become slightly bent, youcan straighten it out by hand. If the mast is badly bent, asit might beby vandals, you should replace it. Check every once in a while to be sure the is mast still tightened to the fender. Power AntennaMast Care Your power antennawill look its best and work well if it’s cleanedfrom time to time.To clean the antenna mast: 1. Turn on the ignition and radio to raise the antenna. 2. Dampen a clean cloth with mineral spirits or equivalent solvent. 3. Wipe the cloth over the mast sections, removing any dirt. 4. Wipe dry with a clean cloth. 5. Make the antenna go up and down by turning the radio or ignition off and on. 6. Repeat if necessary. NOTICE: Before entering an automatic car wash, turn off your radio to make the power antenna go down. This will prevent the mast from possibly getting damaged. If the antenna does not go down when you turn the radio off, it may be damaged or need to be cleaned.In either case, lowerthe antenna by hand by carefully pressingthe antenna down. If the mast portion of your antenna is damaged, you can easily replaceit. See your dealer for a replacement kit and follow the instructionsin the kit. I NOTICE: Don’t lubricate the power antenna. Lubrication could damage it. 3-21 NOTES 3-22 Section 4 Your Driving and the Road Defensive Driving The best advice anyone can give about drivingis: Drive defensively. Please start with a very important safety device in your Buick: Buckle up.(See “Safety Belts” in the Index.) Defensive driving really means“be ready for anything.” On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means “always expect the unexpected.” Assume that pedestriansor other drivers are going to be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might do. Be ready for their mistakes. Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also included many other useful tips on driving. Rear-end collisions are about the most preventableof accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following distance. It’s the best defensive driving maneuver, in both city and rural driving.You never know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn suddenly. 4-1 Deah and injury associated with dnnlung and drivingis a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims every year. The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem is for people neverto drink alcohol and then drive. But what if people do? How muchis “too much” ifthe driver plansto drive? It’sa lot less than many might think. Althoughit depends on each person and situation, here is some general information on the problem. Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a vehicle: The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone who is drinking depends upon four things: Drunken Driving 0 Judgment 0 The amount of alcohol consumed MuscularCoordination 0 The drinker’s body weight Vision 0 The amount of food thatis consumed before and during drinking Attentiveness. 0 The length of time it has taken the drinker to Police records show that almost half of all motor consume the alcohol. vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases, these deaths are the result of someone who was drinkingAccording to the American Medical Association, a and driving. In recent years, some 18,000 annual motor 180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce vehicle-related deathshave been associated with the use (355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured. BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces adult population-- choose never to drink alcohol, so they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, (45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka. it’s againstthe law in everyU.S. state to drink alcohol. There are good medical, psychological and developmental reasons for these laws. 3 It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) withinan hour, the person’s BAC would beclose to 0.12 percent. A person who consumes food just before or during drinking willhave a somewhat lowerBAC level. There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have a lower relative percentage of body water than men. 4-3 The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol in one drink. No mount of coffee or number of cold showers will speed thatup. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to is very dangerous. take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street? Drinking and then driving Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able judgment can be affectedby even a smallamount to react quickly enough to avoid the collision. of alcohol. You can have a serious or even There’s somethingelse about drinking and driving that fatal collision if you drive after drinking. many people don’t know. Medical research shows that Please don’t drink and driveor ride with a driver alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or you’re with a group, designate a driverwho will heart. This means that when anyone who has been drinking -- driver or passenger-- is in a crash, that not drink. person’s chance of being killedor permanently disabled is higher thanif the person had not been drinking. -- -- Avoid needless heavy braking.Some people drive in Anti-Lock Brakes spurts -- heavy acceleration followedby heavy Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes(ABS). ABS is an braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between advanced electronic braking system that will help prevent a braking skid. hard stops.Your brakes will wearout much fasterif you do a lot of heavy braking.If you keep pace withthe When you start your engine and begin to drive away, traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You may eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means hear a momentary motoror clicking noise while this test better braking and longer brake life. is going on, and youmay even notice that your brake pedal moves alittle. This is normal. If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake - If there’s a problem with the normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine anti-lock brake system, this stops, you willstill have some power brake assist. But warning light will stayon. you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is See “Anti-Lock Brake used up,it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal System Warning Light” in will be harder to push. 4-6 The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster than any dnver could.The computer is programmed to make the most of available tire and road conditions. Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet. You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in front of you. ’ You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS. You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard. A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on of the wheelsis about to stop rolling, the computer will wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly. separately work the brakes at each front wheel andat the rear wheels. 4-7 Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need Steering to get yourfoot up to the brake pedal or always decrease stopping distance.If you get too closeto the vehiclein Power Steering front of you, you won’thave time to apply your brakes If you lose power steering assist because the engine if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have stops or the systemis not functioning, you can steer but it will take much more effort. anti-lock brakes. Using Anti-Lock Steering Tips Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down Driving on Curves and let anti-lock work for you. You may hear the It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed. anti-lock pump or motor operate, and feel the brake A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on pedal pulsate, but thisis normal. the news happen on curves. Here’s why: Braking in Emergencies Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to. With anti-lock, youcan steer and brake at the same time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more than eventhe very best braking. 4-8 Experienced driver or beginner, each of isussubject to the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The traction of the tires against the road surface makes it possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn the front wheels.If there’s no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this. The traction you can get in a curve depends on the condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at which the curve is banked, and your speed. Whde you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control. Steering in Emergencies There are times when steering can be more effective than braking. For example, youcome over ahill and find a truck stopped in your lane,or a car suddenly pulls Suppose you’re steering through sharp a curve. Then you out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between suddenly accelerate. Both control systems -- steering and parked cars and stops right infront of you. You can acceleration -- have to do their work where the tires meet avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stopin the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’s much of those places.You can lose control. the time for evasive action-- steering around the problem. What should youdo if this ever happens? Ease up on the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it me Your Buick can perform very well in emergencies to go, and slow down. these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking in Emergencies” earlierin this section.) It is better to Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should remove as much speed as youcan from a possible adjust your speed.Of course, the posted speeds are collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or based on good weather and road conditions. Under less right depending on the space available. favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower. If you need to reduce your speedas you approach a curve, doit before you enterthe curve, while yourfront wheels are straight ahead. Try to adjust your speedso you can “drive” through the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to accelerate until youare out of the curve, and then accelerate gently into the straightaway. 4-9 Off-Road Recovery You may find sometime that your right wheels have dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving. An emergency like this requires close attention and a quick decision. If youare holding the steering wheelat the recornended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing either hand. But youhave to act fast, steer quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have avoided the object. The fact that such emergency situations are always possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at all times and wear safety belts properly. If the levelof the shoulder is only slightly belowthe pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the accelerator and then,if there is nothing in the way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn until the turn your right fiont tire contacts the pavement edge. Then steering wheel to go straight down the roadway. 0 Do not get too close to the vehicle you wantto pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing, following too closely reduces your area of vision, especially if you’re following a larger vehicle. Also, you won’thave adequate spaceif the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable distance. 0 When it looks like a chance to passis coming up, start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t get too close. Time your move so you will be increasing speed as the time comes to move into the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a “running start” that more than makes up for the distance you would lose by dropping back. And if something happensto cause you to cancel your pass, you need only slow down and drop back again and wait for another opportunity. 0 If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder and check the blind spot. The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a two-lane highway waitsfor just the right moment, accelerates, moves aroundthe vehicle ahead, then goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver? Not necessarily! Passing another vehicleon a two-lane highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the passing vehicle occupies thesame lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the worst of all traffic accidents-- the head-on collision. So here are some tipsfor passing: “Drive ahead.” Look downthe road, to the sides and to crossroads for situations that might affect your passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait for a better time. Watch for trafXc signs, pavement markings and lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass (providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid line on your sideof the lane or a double solid line, even if the road seems empty of approaching traff“lc. - - 4-11 e Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and start yourleft lane change signal before moving out of the rightlane to pass. When you are far enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal and move backinto the right lane. (Remember that your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you just passed may seemto be farther awayfrom you than it really is.) 0 0 0 Try not to pass more thanone vehicle at a time on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next vehicle. Loss of Control Let’s review what driving experts say about what happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked. In any emergency, don’tgive up. Keep trying to steer and constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger. Skidding In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle. Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. Defensive drivers avoid mostskids by taking reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving” Even though the brake lampsare not flashing,it may those conditions. But skids are always possible. be slowing downor starting to turn. The three typesof skids correspond to your Buick’s If you’re being passed, make it easy for the three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels following driverto get ahead of you. Perhaps you aren’t rolling. Inthe steering or cornering skid, too can ease a littleto the right. much speedor steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin. A cornering skid and an acceleration slud are best handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal. Driving at Night If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you wantthe vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your vehicle may straighten out. Alwaysbe ready for a second skid ifit occurs. Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow,ice, gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll want to slow down andadjust your driving to these conditions. It is important to slow downon slippery surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control more limited. While driving on a surface with reducedtraction, try your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow down when youhave any doubt. Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One reason is that some driversare likely to be impaired-- by alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue. Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps avoid only the braking skid. 4-13 Here are some tipson night driving. 0 Drivedefensively. Don’t drink and drive. have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re driving, don’t wear sunglassesat night. They may cut down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot of things invisible. Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the gl&e from headlamps behind you. You can be temporarily blinded by approaching headlamps. It can take a secondor two, or even several seconds, for your eyes to readjust the to dark. When you Since you can’t seeas well, you may needto slow down and keep more space between you and other are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with vehicles. misaimed headlamps), slow down little. a Avoid staring Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.Your directly into the approaching headlamps. headlamps canlight up only so much road ahead. Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle 0 In remote areas, watch for animals. clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much worse by dirt onthe glass. Even the insideof the glass 0 If you’re tired, pull offthe road in asafe place can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes and rest. lights dazzle andflash more than clean glass would, making the pupilsof your eyes contract repeatedly. Night Vision No one can see as wellat night as in the daytime. But as we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much light to see same thingat night as a 20-year-old. What you do in the daytimecan also affect your night vision. For example,if you spend the day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will Remember that your headlamps light up far of lessa roadway when youare in a turn or curve. Keep your eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly the ‘ lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should checked regularlyfor proper aim,so should your eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and aren’t even aware of it. Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads Rainandwetroadscanmeandrivingtrouble. On awet road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as dry on roads. And, if your tires don’thave much tread left, you’llget even less traction. It’s always wise go to slower andbe cautious if rainstarts to fall while you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement. The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your windshield wiper bladesare in go-odshape, a heavy rain can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals, pavement markings, theedge of the road and even people walking. It’s wiseto keep your windshield wiping equipment in good shape and keepyour windshield washer tank filled with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to separate from the inserts. 4-15 - I Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to one side. You could lose controlof the vehicle. of water or After driving through a large puddle a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until your brakes work normally. I Driving too fast through large water puddles or even going through some car washes can cause problems, too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles. But if you can’t, try slow to down before you hit them. I Hydroplaning Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up under your tires that they can actually ride on the water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re going fast enough. When your vehicleis hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road. Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your tires haven’t much treador if the pressure in one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standingon the road. If youcan see reflections from trees, telephone poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning. Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There just isn’t a hard andfast rule about hydroplaning.The best advice is to slow down whenit is raining. Driving Through Deep Standing Water NOTICE: If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or standing water, water can come in through your engine’s air intake and badly damage your engine. Never drive through water that is slightly lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive through them very slowly. Some Other Rainy Weathe DS Besides slowing down, allow some extra following distance. And be especially careful when you pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room ahead; and be preparedto have your view restricted by road spray. Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See “Tires” in the Index.) I/ 4-17 City Driving Here are ways to increase your safety in city drrving: Know the best way to get to where youare going. Get a city map and plan your into trip an unknown part of the cityjust as you would for a cross-country trip. Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the next part, “Freeway Driving.”) Treat a green light as a warning signal.A traffic light is there because the corner is busy enough to need it. When a light turns green, and just before you start to move, check both ways for vehicles that have not cleared the intersection or may be running the red light. One of the biggest problems with city streets is the amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to traffic signals. Freeway Driving At the entrance, thereis usually a ramp that leads tothe freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you drive alongthe entrance ramp, you should begin to check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to blend with the flow. Try to mergeinto the gap at close to the prevailing speed. Switchon your turn signal, check your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as necessary. Try to blend smoothly withthe traffic flow. Once youare on the freeway, adjust your speed to the posted k t or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass. Before changing lanes,check your mirrors.Then use your turn signal. Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your shoulder to makesure there isn’t another vehicle in your “blind” spot. Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways, expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules. The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane. Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move slightly slowerat night. When you want to leave the freeway, move the to proper lane well in advance.If you m i s s your exit, do not, under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to the nextexit. The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply. 4-19 The exit speed is usually posted. Here are some things you can check before a trip: Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not a Windshield Washer Fluid:Is the reservoir full? Are to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance all windows clean inside and outside? at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going e Wiper Blades: Are theyin good shape? slower than you actuallyare. a Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked Before Leaving on a Long Trip all levels? Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you e Lamps: Are they all working? Are thelenses clean? must start when you’re notfresh -- such as after a day’s a Tires: They are vitally important to a safe, work -- don’t planto make too many miles thatfirst part trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enoughfor of the journey. Wearcomfortable clothing and shoes you long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the can easily drive in. recommended pressure? Is your vehicle readyfor a long trip? If you keep it a Weather Forecasts:What’s the weather outlook serviced andmaintained, it’s ready to go.If it needs along yourroute? Should you delay yourtrip a short service, have it done before starting out. Of course, time to avoida major storm system? you’ll find experienced andable service experts in a Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps? Buick dealershipsall across North America. They’ll be ready and willing to help if you need it. 1g11w a y Iry pllvlll; Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”? Or isit just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Callit highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever. There is something about an easy stretch of road with the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires onthe road, the drone of the engine, and the rushof the wind against the vehicle thatcan make you sleepy. Don’tlet it happen to you! If it does, your vehiclecan leave the road in less than a second, and you could crash and be injured. What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be aware thatit can happen. Then here are some tips: 0 Make sure your vehicleis well ventilated, with a comfortably cool interior. 0 Keep your eyes moving.Scan the road ahead and to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your instruments frequently. 0 If you get sleepy, pulloff the roadinto a rest, service or parking area andtake a nap, get some exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsinesson the highway as an emergency. Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from driving in flat or rolling terrain. If you drive regularly in steep country, iforyou're planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make your trips safer and more enjoyable. 0 Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system and transmission. These parts can work hard on mountain roads. 0 Know how to go down hills. The most important thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the slowing down.Shift to a lower gear when you go down a steep orlong hill. 1A Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL or withthe ignition off is dangerous. Your brakeswill have to do all the workof slowing down. They could getso hot that they wouldn't work well.You would then have poor brakingor even none going downa hill. You could crash. Always have your engine running and your vehiclein gear when you godownhill. 0 Know how togo uphill. You may want to shift down to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine and transmission, and you can climb the hill better. 0 Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane roads in hills or mountains. Don't swing wide orcut across the centerof the road. Drive at speeds that let you stay in your own lane. 0 As you go over the top ofhill, a be alert. There could be something in your lane, like a stalled caranoraccident. 0 You may see highway signs on mountains thatwarn or special problems. Examplesare long grades, passingor no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action. CAUTION: If you don't shift down,your brakes could get so hot that they wouldn'twork well. You would then have poorbraking or even none going down a hill.You could crash. Shift downto let your engine assistyour brakes on a steep downhill slope. 4-22 I Winter Driving Here are some tipsfor winter driving: Have your Buick in goodshape for winter. You may want to put winter emergency suppliesin your vehicle. Include anice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply of windshield washerfluid, a rag,some winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will be driving undersevere conditions, include a small bag of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure these itemsin your vehicle. 4-23 Driving on Snow or Ice Most of the time, those places where yourtires meet the road probably have goodtraction. However, if there is snowor ice between your tires and the road, you canhave a very slipperysituation. You’ll have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be very carefbl. What’s the worst timefor this? “Wet ice.” Very cold snow or icecan be slick and hard to drive on. But wet ice can be evenmore trouble becauseit may offer the least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about freezing (32°F; 0”C) and freezing rain begins tofall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there. Whatever the condition- smooth ice, packed, blowing or loose snow -- drive with caution. Accelerate gently. Try not to breakthe fragile traction, If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polishthe surface under the tires even more. Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’sstability when you makea hard stop on a slippery road. Even though youhave the anti-lock braking system, you’ll want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index. If You’re Caught in a Blizzard Allow greater following distance on any slippery road. Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an otherwise clear road, icepatches may appear in shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges. Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on the ice,and avoid sudden steering maneuvers. If you are stopped by heavy snow, you couldbe in a serious situation. You should probably stay with your vehicle unless you knowfor sure that you are near help and you canhike through the snow. Here are some things to do to sumrnon help and keep yourself and your passengers safe: 0 Turn on your hazard flashers. 4-25 Run your engine only as long as youmust. This saves fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster than just idle.That is, push the accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel forthe heat that you get and it keeps the battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possiblyfor signaling later on with your headlamps.Let theheater run for awhile. Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again and repeat this only when youfeel really uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little aspossible. Preserve the fuel as long as youcan. To help keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and do somefairly vigorous exercises every half hour orso until help comes. Loading Your Vehicle ' TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION OCCUPANTS VEHICLE CAP. WT. CTR. FRT, RR. TOTAL LBS. KG MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE CAPACITY WEIGHT XXX COLD TIRE PRESSURE TIRE SPEED SIZE PSI/KPa RTG FRT. RR. SPA. IF TIRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PS1/28KPa SEE OWNER'S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION Two labels on your vehicle show how much weightit may properly carry,The Tire-Loading Information label found on the rear edge of the driver's door tells you the proper size, speed rating and recommendedinflation pressures for the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you important information about the number of people that can be in your vehicle andthe total weight that you can carry. This weight is called the vehicle capacity weight and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo andall options not installed in the factory. - 4-23 MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP DATE GVWR GAWR FRT GAWB RR THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE. The other labelis the Certification label, found on the rear edge of the driver’s door.It tells you the gross weight capacity of your vehicle, called the GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating).The GVWR includes the weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo. Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle,or the Gross Axle Neight Rating (GAWR)for either the frontor rear axle. it And, if youdo have a heavy load, you should spread out. Don’t,carry more than 300 lbs. (135 kilograms) in the rear areaof your wagonor 200 lbs. (90 kg) in the trunk of your sedan. Do not load yourvehicle any heaviertL--l the GVWR,or either the maximum front or rear GAWR. If you do, parts on yourvehicle can break, or it can changeway theyour vehicle handles. These could causeyou to lose control. Also, overloading can shorten the life of your vehicle. NOTICE: Your warranty does not coverparts or components that fail because of overloading. If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases, tools, packages,or anything else -- they will go as fast as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly, or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going. Things you put inside your vehicle can strike and injure people ina sudden stop or turn, or in a crash. 0 Put things in thetrunk or rear area of your vehicle. In a trunk, putthem as farforward as you can. Try to spread the weight evenly. 0 Never stack heavier things, like suitcases, inside the vehicle so that some of them are above the tops of the seats. 0 Don’t leave an unsecured childrestraint in your vehicle. 0 When you carry something insidethe vehicle, secure it whenever you can. 0 Don’t leavea seat folded down unless you need to. If you overload your station wagon, you could damage parts of the vehicle and/or affect vehicle handling. Either of these could cause you to lose control of the vehicle and you could beinjured. Never carry more weightthan shown onthe Certification label under “Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)” or “Gross Axle WeightRating (GAWR).” When loading your wagon: 1. Fold the second and third seats down. 2. Balance your loadfrom side to side and position it so that most of the weight is forward of the rear axle. You can help protect the loadfloor area and avoid damage to the folding seats by placing plywood or similar protection under your load. 3. Make sure thereare either three peoplein the front seat or a total of 450 lbs. (205 kg). 4. If loaded to the maximum weight, or near it, weigh the wagon andits load to find the exact weight and help decide how to position the load. You can go to a vehicle weigh station todo this. 4-29 If you don’t usethe correct equipment and drive properly, you can lose control when you pull a trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy,the brakes may notwork well -- or even at all. You and your passengers could be seriously injured. Pull atrailer only if you have followedall the steps in this section. Ask your Buick dealer for advice and information about towing atrailer with your vehicle. I NOTICE: PmilImg a trailer hnpropedy em damage your vehicle and result in costly repairs not eavered by y0.mwarranty. To puNa trailercorrectly, follow h-this part. the: ailvice If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer 0 Don’t towa trailer at all during thefirst 1,000miles (1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine, axle or other parts could be damaged. 0 Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and don’t make startsat full throttle. This helps your engine and otherparts of your vehicle wear inat the heavier loads. 0 Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer. Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed for trailers (orno more than 55 mph (90 km/h)) to save wear on your vehicle’s parts. Avoid continuous operation in mountainous areas that have grades greater than two percent for longer than 5 miles (8 km). 0 Change axle lubricant annuallyor every 7,500 miles (12 500 km) of trailer towing, whichever occursfirst. If you do,here are some important points: 0 There are many different laws, including speed limit restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure your rigwill be legal, not only where you live but also where you’ll be driving. A good source forthis information can be state or provincial police. 0 You should alwaysuse a weight distributing (equalizing) hitch if your trailer will weigh more than 3,000 lbs.(1 362 kg). Consider using sway control if your loaded trailer will weigh 3,000 lbs. (1 362 kg) or more. You can ask a hitch dealer about sway controls. 0 Consider using a sway control if your trailer will weigh 2,000 lbs. (900 kg) or less.You should always use a swaycontrol if your trailerwill weigh more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg). You can ask a hitch dealer about sway controls. 0 Trailers that weigh more than1,000 lbs. (454 kg) should be equipped with trailer brakes. 0 Surge brakes may be used on some trailers (e.g., boat trailers). However, surge brakes do not work well with most sway control devices.Do not use sway control devices on trailers equipped with surge brakes. Three important considerationshave to do with weight: the weight of the trailer, the weightof the trailer tongue and the total weighton your vehicle’s tires. Weight of the Trailer Weight of the ’Railer Tongue How heavy can a trailer safely be? The tongue load (A)of any trailer is an important weight to measure because it affects the total capacity weight of your vehicle. The capacity weight includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be riding in the vehicle. And if you will tow a trailer, you must subtract the tongue load from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index for more information about your vehicle’s maximum load capacity. It should never weigh more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg), unless you have the optional5,000 lbs. ( 2 250 kg) trailer towing package.But even that can be too heavy. It also dependson how you plan to use your rig. For example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all important; And,it can also depend on any special equipment that you have on your vehicle. You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or advice, or you can write us at: Buick Motor Division Customer Assistance Center 902 E. Hamilton Avenue Flint, MI 48550 In Canada, write to: General Motorsof Canada Limited Customer Assistance Center 1908 Colonel Sam Drive Oshawa, Ontario L1H8P7 4-32 A B If you’re using a “dead-weight” hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh10%of the total loaded trailer weight (B). If you have a “weight-distributing” hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12%of the total loaded trailer weight (B). After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right simply by moving some items around in the trailer. Total Weighton Your Vehicle’s Tires Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the recommended pressure for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers onthe Certification label at the rear edge of the driver’s door or see “Loading Your Vehicle” in theIndex. Then be sure you don’t go overthe GVW limit for your vehicle, including the weight of the trailer tongue. Hitches It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment. Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roadsare a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are some rules to follow: 0 If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will weigh more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg), be sure to use a properly mounted, weight-distributing hitch and sway control of the proper size. This equipment is very important for proper vehicle loading and good handling when you’re driving. Will you have to make anyholes in the bodyof your vehicle whenyou install a trailer hitch? If you do, then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadlycarbon monoxide (CO)from your exhaust can get into your vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in theIndex). Dirt and watercan, too. The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended for hitches. Do not attachrental hitches or other bumper-type hitches to them. Useo d y a frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to the bumper. 4-33 I Using A Weight-Carrying Trailer Hitch (Recommended for loaded trailers weighing less than 3,009 lbs. or 1 362 kg.) The trailer tongue should weigh10 percent of the total trailer load (maximum300 lbs. or 136 kg) or as specified by the trailer manufacturer to minimize sway. Your vehicle is equipped with an Electronic Level Control (ELC) feature. When hooking up a trailer using a weight-hstributing hitch, always use the following procedure: 0 Place the vehicle on a level surface without the trailer hitched. With the ignition off, and all doors closed, allow the vehicle to level automatically. 0 Trailer Hitching Procedure Using A Weight-Distributing (Equalizing) Hitch Disable the Electronic Level Control (ELC) by pulling the LEVELCTRL fuse from the underhood electrical center located on the passenger-side wheel housing in the engine compartment. Remove the cover to gain access. 0 Attach the trailer to the vehicle. The trailer tongue should weigh 12 percent of the total loaded trailer weight. (Recommended for loaded trailers weighing 3,000 lbs. to 7,000 lbs. or 1 362 kg to 3 178 kg.) 0 Level the vehicle withthe load-leveling spring bars (equalizers). 0 Trailers that weigh more than 1,000 lbs.(454 kg) should be equipped with trailer brakes. Consider using sway control if your loaded trailer will weigh 3,000 lbs. (1 362 kg) or more. Using a weight-distributing hitch without disabling the 0 Leave the fuse out while towing your trailer. Electronic Level Control (ELC) system may defeat the be sure to purpose of the weight-distributing hitch. Also, your rear Once you have completed towing your trailer, reinstall the Electronic Level Control (ELC) fuse. tires may become overloaded.A weight-distributing hitch should spread the load to all axles. If you use a weight-distributing hitch, always disable the ELC by following the proper steps. I I I I In Addition 0 Use at least one friction sway control if your trailer is over 2,000 lbs. (900 kg) loaded weight, and consider using one for trailers under 2,000 lbs. (900 kg). 0 Trailers that weigh more than 1,000lbs. (454 kg) should be equipped with trailer brakes. 0 Surge brakes work with mostweight-distributing hitches as long asall the equipment is properly installed. Check withthe hitch manufacturer for advice and installation instructions. Safety Chains You should alwaysattach chains between your vehicle and your trailer. Crossthe safety chains under the tongue of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop tothe road if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions about safety chains may be provided by the hitch manufacturer orby the trailer manufacturer. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety chains and do notattach them tothe bumper. Always leave just enough slack so you can turn with yourrig. And, never allowsafety chains to drag on the ground. Trailer Brakes If your trailer weighs more than1,000 lbs. (450 kg) when loaded, thenit needs its own brakes -- and they must be adequate. Besure to read and follow the instructions for the trailer brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust and maintain them properly. Because you have anti-lock brakes, do nottry to tap into your vehicle’s brakesystem. If you do, both brake systems won’t work well,or at all. Driving witha Trailer Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience. Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get to know yourrig. Acquaint yourself withthe feel of handling and braking withthe added weightof the trailer. And always keepin mind that the vehicle you are driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as responsive as your vehcle is by itself. Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform (and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector, lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and then applythe trailer brake controller by hand to be sure the brakes are working.This lets you check your electrical connection at the same time. Making Turns During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the load is secure, and that the lamps and a n i trailer brakes are still working. Following Distance N O ( C T E I : Making very sharp turns while trailering could cause the trailer to come in contact with the vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid making very sharp turns while trailering. Stay at least twiceas far behind the vehicle ahead as you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking and sudden turns. Passing When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strikesoft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or longer, you’ll need togo much farther beyond the sudden maneuvers. Signal wellin advance. passed vehicle before you can return to your lane. Backing Up Turn Signals When Towinga Trailer Hold the bottom of the steering wheel withone hand. Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand to the left.To move the trailer to the right, move your hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible, have someone guide you. When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring.Check with your Buick dealer. The arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever you signal a turn or lane change. Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop. 4-36 ~ Parking on Hills When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on thetrailer are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are still working. You really should not park yourvehicle, with a trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes wrong, yourrig could start to move.People can be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged. Driving On Grades But if you ever have to park yourrig on a hill, here’s how to do it: Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’tshift down, you mighthave to use your brakes so much that they would get hot and nolonger work well. On a long uphill grade, shift down andreduce your speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce the possibility of engine and transmission overheating. If you are towing a trailer that weighs morethan 2,000 lbs. (900 kg), you should drive in THIRD (3) instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (a) or, as you need to, a lower gear. This will help your transmission. 1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shiftinto PARK (P) yet. 2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels. 3. When the wheel chocksare in place, release the regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load. 4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking brake, and then shift to PARK (P). 5. Release the regular brakes. 4-37 When You Are Ready to Leave Mter Parking on a Hill 1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down while you: Start your engine; @ Shift into a gear; and Release the parlung brake. 2. Let up on the brake pedal. 3. Drive slowly until the traileris clear of the chocks. 4. Stop and have someonepick~upand store the chocks. Engine Cooling When Trailering Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during severe operating conditions such as: Climbing grades steeper than four percent at temperatures above90°F (32"C) with a loaded vehicle and trailer. Stopping after high-speed driving. Idling for long periods in stop-and-go traffic. 4-: If the TEMP warning light comes on, pull to the side of the road as soon as it issafe to doso. When the vehicle is at a complete stop, shift the transmission selector to PARK (P) and allow the engine idle. to If your Electronic Climate Control system is on, shut it off. Do not turnoff the engine or increase engine speed above a normal idle. Within two or three minutes, the system should cool sufficiently, and you can turn on the Electronic Climate Control.At that time, resume driving at a reduced speed. Return to normal driving after 10 minutes if the TEMP warning light is not displayed. Maintenance WhenDailer Towing Your vehicle will need servict Lore often when you're pulling a trailer.See the Mainmance Schedule for more on this. Things that are especially important in trailer operation are automatic transmission fluid (don't overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, belts, cooling system and brake adjustment. Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index will help you find them quickly. If you're trailering, it's a good idea to review these sections before youstart your trip. Check periodically tosee that all hitch nuts and bolts are tight. NOTES 4-39 NOTES 4-40 B To turn off the flashers, pull button. the on out NOTICE: Ignoring these steps couldresult in costly damage to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. Trying to start your Buick by pushingor pulling it won’t work,and it could damage your vehicle. When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn signals won’t work. Other WarningDevices If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at the side of the road about300 feet (100 m) behind your vehicle. Jump Starting If your battery has run down, you may want to use another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your Buick. But please use the following steps to do it safely. Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous because: They contain acid that can burn you. They contain gas that can explode or ignite. They contain enough electricity toburn you. If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some or all of these things can hurt you. . Check the other vehicle.It must have a 12-volt .battery with a negative ground system. .5-2 1 NOTICE: If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged. 2. Get the vehiclesclose enough so the jumper cables can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching each other.If they are, it could cause a ground connection you don’t want.You wouldn’t be able to start your Buick, andthe bad grounding could damage the electrical systems. 3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug unnecessary accessories pluggedinto the cigarette lighter. Turnoff all lamps that aren’t needed as well as radios.This will avoid sparks andhelp save both batteries. In addition,it could save your radio! I NOTICE: If you leave your radio on, it could be badly damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. 4. ,Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the positive(+) and negative(-) terminals on each battery. 5-3 1 A CAUTION: rUsing a matchnear a battery can causebattery gas to explode. Peoplehave been hurt doing this, and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if you need more light. Be sure the battery has enough water.You don't need to add water to the Delco Freedom@battery installed in every newGM vehicle. Butif a battery has filler caps, besure the right amount of fluid is there.If it is low, add water to take care of that first. If you don't, explosive gas could be present. Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you. Don't get it on you.If you accidentally getit in your eyes or on your skin, flushthe place with water and get medical help immediately. 5-4 5. Check that the jumper cables don't have loose or missing insulation.If they do, you could get a shock. The vehicles couldbe damaged, too. Before you komect the cables, here are some basic things you should know. Positive(+) will go to positive (+) and negative(-) will go to negative(-) or a metal engine part. Don't connect positive (+) to negative (-) or you'll get a short that would damage the battery and maybe other parts, too. A CAUTION: Fans or other moving engineparts can injure you badly. Keep yourhands away from moving parts once the engines are running. 8. Now connect the black negative(-) cable to the good battery’s negative (-) terminal. I 7. Don’t let the other end touch metal. Connect it to the positive (+) terminal of the good battery. Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next step. The other end of the negative cabledoesn’t go to the dead battery.It goes to a heavy unpainted metal part on the engineof the vehicle with the dead battery. 5-5 u, Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent electrical shorting.Take care that they don’t touch each otheror any other metal. 9. Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead battery, but not near engine parts that move. The electrical connectionis just as good there, but the chance of sparks getting backto the batteryis much less. 10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run the engine for a while. 11. Try to startthe vehicle with the dead battery. If it won’t start after few a tries, it probably needs service. A. Heavy Metal EnginePart B. Good Battery C . Dead Battery I Front Towing Tow Limits -- 35 mph (55 km/h), 50 miles (80 km) I A vehicle can fallf n a car carrierif it isn’t adequately secured.This can cause a collision, serious personalinjury andvehicle damage.The vehicle should be tightly secured with chains or steel cables beforeit is transported. Don’t usesubstitutes (ropes, leather straps, canvas webbing, etc.)that can be cut by sharp edges underneath the towed vehicle. Always use T-hooks inserted in the T-hook slots. Never use J-hooks. They willdamage drivetrain and suspension components. When your vehicleis being towed, have the ignition key OFF’. The steering wheel should be clamped in a straight-ahead position, witha clamping device designed for towing service. Do not use the vehicle’s steering column lockfor this. The transmission should be in NEUTRAL(N) and the parking brake released. 5-8 Attach T-hook chains on both sides, in the slotted holes in the sideof the frame rails, behind the front wheels. These slotsare to be used when using sling type equipment or when loading and securing to car carrier equipment. Attach a separate safety chain aroundthe outboard end of each lower control arm. Rear Towing Position the sling crossbar just behnd the rear edge of the front fascia. Attach T-hook chains to the slots in the frame rails just ahead of the rear wheelson both sides. These slots are to be used when usingsling type equipment or when loading and securing to car carrier equipment. 5-9 Engine Overheating You will find a coolant temperature gage and the warning light abouta hot engine on your instrument panel. You will also find alow coolant warning lig;ht on your instrument panel. If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine Steam from an overheated engine can burnyou badly, evenif you just open the hood. Stay away from the engine if you seeor hearsteam coming from it. Just turn itoff and get everyone away from the vehicle until it cools down. Waituntil there is no signof steam or coolant before opening the hood. If you keep driving when your engine is overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You or others could be badlyburned. Stop your engine if it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the engine is cool. I NOTICE: If your engine catchesfire because you keep driving with no coolant,your vehicle can be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be covered by your warranty. 5-11 I If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine If you get the overheat warning but see or hear no steam, the problemmay not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get a little too hot when you: Climb a longhill on a hot day. Stop after high-speed driving. , e.. Idle for long periods in traffic. @ ’ Towa trailer. If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam, try this for a minute or so: 1. Turn off your air conditioner. 2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan speed and open the window as necessary. 3. If you’re in a trafficjam, shift to NEUTRAL(N); otherwise, shift to the highest gear while driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE(@) or THIRD (3). 5-12 If you no longer have the overheat warning,you can drive. Just to besafe, drive slower for about10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can drive normally. If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your vehicle right away. If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine for two or three minutes while you’re parked, see to if the warning stops. But then, if you still have the warning, turn o f t h e engine and get everyone out of the vehicle until it cools down. You may decide notto hft the hood butto get service help right away. When youdecide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what you’ll see: An electric fan under the hood can start up even when the engine is not running and can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any underhood electric fan. If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling, don’t do anything else untilit cools down. 1. Coolant Surge Tank 2. Electric Engine Fans or Mechanical Fan and Electric Fan Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them. If yon do, youcan be burned. Don’t run the engine if there is a leak.If you run the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could cause an engine fire,and you could beburned. Get any leak fixed before youdrive the vehicle. The coolant level shouldbe at or aboveFULL COLD. If it isn’t, you may have a leakin the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere else in the cooling system. I NOTICE: Engine damagefrom running your engine without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty. ~~ If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check to see if the electric engine fans are running. If the engine is overheating, both fans should be running. If they aren’t, your vehicle needs service. How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Surge Tank If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level isn’t at FULL COLD, add a50/50 mixture of clean water (preferably distilled) and DEX-COOLTM antifreeze at the coolant surge tank, but be sure the cooling system, including the coolant surge tank pressure cap, is cool before you doit. (See “Engine Coola,nt” b.the Index for more information.) ’I’ __ :. -=A ._- ._ ~ = .~ A CAUTION: Steam and scalding liquids froma hot cooling system can blow out and burn you badly. Theyare under pressure, and if you turn the coolant surge tank pressure cap even a little they can come out at high speed. Neverturn the cap when the cooling system, includingthe coolant surge tank pressure cap,is hot. Waitfor the cooling system and coolant surge tank pressure cap to cool if you ever have toturn the pressure cap. -- -- ~ ~. ~~~~ ~~ I ~~ Adding only~plainwater to your cooling system can be dangerous.Plain water, or some other liquid like alcohol,can boil beforethe proper coolant mix will. Your vehicle’scoolant warning system is set €or the propercoo€antmix. With CAUTION: (Continued) 5-15 I plain water or the wrong mix,your engine could get toohot but you wouldn’t getthe overheat warning. Your engine could catchfire and you or others could beburned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean water and DEX-COOL antifreeze. I NOTICE: In cold weather,water can freezeand crack the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts. So use the recommended coolant. You can be burned if you spill coolant onhot engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol and it will burn if the engine parts arehot enough. Don’t spill coolant onhot a engine. 5-16 - 1. You can remove the coolant surge tank pressure cap when the cooling system, including the coolant - surge tank pressurecap and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot. Turn the pressure cap slowly about one-quarter turn to the left and then stop. If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means there is still some pressure left. 8 1 5. Thenreplacethe pressure cap. Be If a Tire Goes Flat It’s unusual for atire to “blow out” while you’re driving, especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly. But ifyou should everhave a “blowout,” hereare a few tips about whatto expect and what todo: If a front tire fails, theflat tire will create a drag that pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take yourfoot off the accelerator pedal andgrip the steering wheel firmly. Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to a stop well outof the traffic lane. A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a skid and may require the same correction you’d usein a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible. If a tire goesflat, the next part shows how to use your iacking equipment to change a flat,tire safelv. Changing a Flat Tire If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage by driving slowlyto a level place. Turnon your hazard warning flashers. Changing a tire can causean injury. The vehicle can slip off the jack androll overyou or other people. You and they could be badlyinjured. Find a level placeto change your tire. To help prevent the vehicle from moving: 1. Set the parking brakefirmly. 2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P). 3. Turn off the engine. To be even morecertain the vehicle won’t move, you can put blocks at the front and rear of the tire farthestaway from the one being changed. That would bethe tire on the other side of the vehicle, at the opposite end. The following steps will tell you how to use thejack and change a tire. 5-19 Removing the Spare Tireand Tools To access the equipment in your wagon, turnthe slotted release button locatedon the rear edge of the cover. After you have changed theflat tire and have replaced the equipment,be sure to alignthe slotted release button and turn it to secure the trim panel. The equipment you'll need is inthe trunk if you have a sedan. Turnthe wing nut on the screw counterclockwise to removeit. Remove the wheel wrench,spare tire and the jack from the trunk. The equipment for the wagonis in the rear storage compartment. Remove the cover by pulling it away from the window and then sliding it towardthe rear, lifting it up. andout of the lowertrack. The-wagontire changing, equipment can now be removed. I: I Removing the FlatTire and Installing the Spare Tire 1. Using the wheel wrench, loosenall the wheel nuts. Don’t remove them yet. 2. Attach the whee-l wrench to the bolt at the end of the jack. Rotate the wheel wrench clockwise to slight1y.raisethe lift head. A CAUTION: Getting under a vehicle whenit is jacked up is dangerous. If the vehicle slipsoff the jack, you could be badlyinjured orkiIled. Never getunder a vehicle whenit is supported only bya jack. NOTICE: Raising your vehicle withthe jackimproperly positioned will damage the vehicle or may allow the vehicle to fall off the jack. Be sure to fit the jack lift head into the proper location before raising your vehicle. 5-23 3. Position thejack under the vehicle, near the flat tire. There are two holes in the frame near eachof the wheels. Raise thejack so the lift head fits into the large circular hole. 5-24 4. Raise the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground so there is enough room for the spare tirefit.to 5. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire. 6. Remove any rust or dirt from the wheel bolts, mounting surfaces and spare wheel. Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to which it is fastened, canmake the wheel nuts become looseafter a time. The wheel could come off and cause an accident. Whenyou change a wheel, removeany rust or dirt from the places where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, youcan use a clothor a paper towel to do this; but be sure to use ascraper or wire brush later, if you need to,to get all the rust or dirt off. Never use oilor grease onstuds or nuts. If you do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could fall off, causinga serious accident. 7. Replace the wheel nuts with the rounded endof the nuts towardthe wheel. Tighten each nut by hand until the wheel is held against the hub. 8. Lower the vehicleby rotating the wheel wrench counterclockwise. Lower the vehicle completely. 9. Tighten the wheel nuts firmly in a criss-cross sequence as shown. 5-26 - Incorrect wheel nuts or improperlytightened wheel nuts cancause the wheel to become loose and even come off. This could lead toan accident. Be sure touse thecorrect wheel nuts. If you have to replace them, besure toget new GM original equipment wheel nuts. Stop somewhereas soon as you can and have the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to100 lb-ft (140 N-m). NOTICE: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to brake pulsation and rotordamage. To avoid expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel nuts inthe proper sequence and to the proper torque specification. Don’t tryto put a wheel cover on your compact spare tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover in the trunk or rear area until youhave the flat tire repaired or replaced. Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools I 1 Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the passenger compartment of the vehicle could cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose equipment could strike someone. Store all these in the proper place. NOTICE: Wheel covers won’t€it on your compact spare. If you try to put a wheel cover onyour compact spare, you could damage the cover or the spare. 5-27 I 1. Pillar Trim Panel 2. Floor Channel 3. Cover 4. Clip f 28 5. 6. 7. 8. Disc Wing Nut Bolt Wing Bolt 9. Wrench 10. Jack 11. Lift Strap On thestation wagon, slide the back of the jack base into the retainer in the storage area. Put the wing bolt through the hole in the wrench, then through thehole in the jack. Tighten the wing bolt into the fastener in the storage area. Put the flat or spare into thestorage well with the valve stem pointed toward you.Insert the hook end of the bolt through the wheel andinto theretainer in the well. Put the disc onto the bolt, then tighten the wing nut on the bolt. Attach the tire lift strap to its retainer. To replace the trim cover, put the lower edge of the cover into the floor track. Slide the cover toward the front of the vehicle, making sure the front tab goes behind the edge. Insert therear edge of the cover into the track, adjusting it to fit over the weatherstrip. Snap the frontedge of the cover into place. Align the slotted button at the rear edge of the cover and turn it to secure the trim panel. On the sedan, replace the jack, flator spare tire, and wheel wrench and tightenthe wing nut onthe screw. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. WingNut Wrench Compact Spare Full-Size Spare or Flat Tire Jack Cover (If Provided) Jack Screw (Hold-down) Floor Bracket Compact SpareTire (If So Equipped) Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time. Check the inflation pressure regularly.It should be 60 psi (420 kPa). After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you should stop as soon as possible and rnake sure your spare tire is correctly inflated.The compact spareis made to perform wellat posted speed limits for distances up to3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can finish your trip andhave your full-size tire repaired or replaced where you want.Of course, it’s bestto replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you can. Your spare will last longer and be in good shape incase you need it again. Your anti-lock brake system warning light may come on when youare driving with a compact spare. See “Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” in the Index. NOTICE: When the compact spare is installed, don’ttake your vehicle through an automatic car wash with guide rails. The compact spare can getcaught on the rails. That can damagethe tire andwheel, and maybe other parts of your vehicle. Don’t use your compact spareon other vehicles. And don’t mix your compactspare tire or wheel with other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare tire andits wheel together. NOTICE.: Tire chains won’tfit your compact spare. Using them can damage your vehicle and can damage the chains too. Don’t usetire chains onyour compact spare. 1 If You’re Stuck:In Sand, Mud, Iceor Snow What you don’t want todo when your vehicleis stuck is to spin your wheels toofast. The method known as “rocking” canhelp you get out when you’re stuck,but you must use caution. I NOTICE: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels too fast while shiftingyour transmission back and forth,you can destroyyour transmission. ~~ CAUTION: For information about using tire chains on your vehicle, see “Tire Chains” in the Index. -- If you let your tires spin at high speed, :y 4 1 explode, and you or others could be injured. And, the transmission or other partsof the vehicle can overheat. That could causean engine compartment fire or other damage. When you’re stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 kmh) as shown on the speedometer. ’ Rocking Your Vehicleto Get it Out First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back and forth betweenREVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheelsas little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal when the transmission is in gear. If that doesn’t get you out afterfew a tries, you may need to be towedout. If you do need to be towed out, see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index. 5-31 NOTES Section 6 Service and Appearance Care Here you wdl find information about the care of your Doing Your Own Service Work Buick. This section begins with service andfuel If you want to do someof your own service work, you’ll information, and thenit shows how to check important fluid want to get the proper Buick Service Manual. It tells you and lubricant levels. There isalso technical information much more about how to service your Buick than this about your vehicle, anda part devoted to its appearance care. manual can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service and OwnerPublications” in the Index. Service Your vehicle has an air bagsystem. Before attempting to Your Buick dealer knows your vehicle best and wants do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air you to be happy withit. We hope you’ll go to your Bag-Equipped Buick” in the Index. dealer for all your service needs. You’ll getgenuine GM You should keep a record with all parts receipts andlist parts and GM-trained and supported service people. the mileage and the date of any service work you We hope you’ll want to keep.your GM vehicle all GM. perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index. Genuine GM parts have one of these marks: Delco 6-1 Fuel You can be injured and your vehicle could be damaged if you try todo service work on a vehicle without knowing enough about it. Be sure you have sufficient knowledge, experience, and the properreplacement parts andtools before youattempt any vehicle maintenance task. 0 Be sure to use the propernuts, bolts and other fasteners. “English”and “metric” fasteners can be easily confused.If you use the wrong fasteners,parts can later break or fall off. You could behurt. 6-2 Use regular unleaded gasoline rated 87 at octane or higher. At a minimum, it should meet specifications ASTM D48 14in the United States and CGSB 3.5-M93 in Canada. Improved gasoline specifications have been developed by the American Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA) for better vehicle performance and engine protection. Gasolines meeting the AAMA specification could provide improved driveability and emission control system protection compared to other gasolines. Be sure the posted octane is at least 87. If the octaneis less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If it’s bad enough,it can damage your engine. If you’re using fuel ratedat 87 octane or higher and you still hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service. But don’tworry if you hear a little pinging noise when you’re accelerating ordnving up a hill. That’s normal, and you don’t have to buy a higher octane fuel to getrid of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that means you have a problem. If your vehicle is certified to meetCalifornia Emission Standards (indicated on the underhood tune-up label), it is designed to operate on fuels that meet California specifications. If such fuels arenot available in states adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal specifications, but emission control system performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument panel may turn onand/or your vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this occurs, return to your authorized Buick dealer for diagnosis to determine the cause of failure. In the event it isdetermined that the cause of the condition is the type of fuels used, repairs may not be covered by your warranty. In Canada, somegasolines contain an octane enhancing additive called MMT. If such fuels areused, your emission control system performance maybe affected. The malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument panel may also turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized Buick dealer for service. To provide cleaner air, all gasolines are now required to contain additives that will help preventdeposits from forming in your engine and fuel system, allowing your emission control system tofunction properly. Therefore, you should nothave to add anythingto the fuel.In addition, gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in your area to helpclean the air. General Motors recommends that you usethese gasolines if they comply with the specifications described earlier. NOTICE: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that contains methanol. Don’t use It it. can corrode metal parts in your fuel system and also damage plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t be covered under your warranty. 6-3 Fuels in Foreign Countries If you plan on drivingin another countryoutside the United States or Canada,the proper fuel may be hard to find. Never use leadedgasoline or any other fuel not recommended in theprevious text on fuel. Costly repairs caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. To check on fuel availability, ask an autoclub, or contact a major oil company that does business inthe country whereyou’ll be driving. You can also writeus at the following addressfor advice. Just tell us where you’re going and give your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation North American ExportSales (NAES) 1908 Colonel Sam Drive Oshawa, OntarioL1H 8P7 Filling Your Tank Gasoline vaporis highly flammable. It burns violently, and that can cause very bad injuries. Don’t smokeif you’re near gasoline or refueling your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames, and smoking materials away from gasoline. I : The sedan gas capis behind the rear license plate. 6-4 - : ’ I Y: If you get gasolineon yourself and then something ignitesit, you could be badlyburned. Gasoline canspray out on youif you open the fuel fillercap too quickly.This spray can happen if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in hot weather. Open the fuel fillercap slowly and wait for any “hiss” noiseto stop. Then unscrew the cap all the way. The wagon gascap is behind a hinged dooron the driver’s side of your vehicle. While refueling, hang the cap inside the fuel door. To take off the cap, turnit slowly to the left (counterclockwise). Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from painted surfaces as soonas possible. See “Cleaning the Outside of Your Buick”in the Index. When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right until you hear at least three clicks. Make sure you fully install the cap.The diagnostic systemcan determine if the fuel cap hasbeen left off or improperly installed.This would allow fuel to evaporateinto the atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the Index. 6-5 I NOTICE: If you need a newcap, be sure to getthe right type. Yourdealer can get onefor you. If you get the wrong type,it may not fit or have proper venting, and your fuel tank andemissions system might be damaged. Checking Things Under the Hood I An electric fan under the hood canstart upand injure you even whenthe engine is not running. Keep hands, clothingand tools away from any underhood electric fan. c Things that burncan geton hot engine parts and start a fire. These include liquids like gasoline, oil, coolant,brake fluid, windshield washerand other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others could beburned. Be careful not to drop orspill things that will burn onto a hot engine. Hood Release To open the hood, first pull the handle inside the vehicle. It islocated on the lower left side of the instrument panel, next to the parking brake. Then go to the front of the vehicle and release the secondary hoodrelease. 6-7 B. Coolant Surge Tank Dipstick Engine Oil C. D. Automatic Transmission Dipstick E. Cleaner Air F. Cap Engine Fill Oil G. Reservoir Brake Fluid H. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir I. Windshield Washer Reservoir J. Engine Fans ng the hood, be sure all the filler caps are on properly. Then just pull the hood down and it firmly. close Engine Oil LOW OIL LEVEL If the LOW OIL LEVEL light on the instrument panel comes on, it means you need tocheck your engine oillevel right away. For more information, see in the Index. You should check your engineoil level regularly;this is an added reminder. It’s a good idea to check your engine oilevery time you get fuel. In order to get anaccurate reading, the oil must be warm and thevehicle must be on level ground. Turn off the engine and givethe oil a few minutes to drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick might not showthe actual level. 6-a Cklring Engir: Oil When to A -- J Oil Pull out the dipstick and cleanit with a paper towel or cloth, then pushit back in all the way. Removeit again, the level. keeping the tip down, and check If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you’ll need to add some oil. But you must use the right land. This part explains what kindof oil to use. For crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications” in the Index. I NOTICE: Don’t add too much oil. If your engine hasso much oil that the oil level gets above the cross-hatched area that shows the proper operating range, your engine could be damaged. Just fill it enough to put the level somewhere in the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all way the back in when you’re through. 6-10 What Kind of Oil to Use Oils recommendedfor your vehicle canbe identified by looking for the "Starburst" symbol. This symbol indicates that theoil has been certified by the American Petroleum Institute (API).Do not use anyoil which does not carry this Starburst symbol. If you change your own oil, be sure you use oil that hasthe Starburst symbolon the front of the oil container. RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST SA€ VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE. HOT WEATHER I "C t 100- + 38 +EO- + 27 + 60 - + 16 +40- t4 + 20 - -7 0- If you have your oil changedfor you, be sure theoil put into yourengine is American Petroleum Institute certified for gasoline engines. You should also use the proper viscosityoil for your vehicle, as shownin the following chart: IJ "F - 18 I - Si I - SAE 5W-30 PREFERRED COLD WEATHER DO NOT USE SAE 2OW-50 OR ANYOTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED 6-11 As shown in the chart,SAE 5W-30 is best for your vehicle. However, youcan use SAE 1OW-30 if it’s going to be 0°F (- 18” C) or above.These numbers on anoil container showits viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-50. ; , ?. ”;“-’; :. *. Engine Oil Additives Don’t add anythingto your oil.Your Buick dealeris ready to adviseif you think something should be added. When to Change EngineOil See if any oneof these is true for you: 1 NOTICE: 0 Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines “Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the recommended oil can result in engine damage not covered by your warranty. 0 GM Goodwrench@~ imeets l all therequiEsn18 f your vehicle. 6-12 ~ g 0 Most trips are less than5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). This is particularly important when outside temperatures are below freezing. Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent driving in stop-and-go traffic). Most trips are through dusty areas. You frequently tow a traileror use a carrieron top of your vehicle. The vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi or other commercial application. Driving underthese conditions causes engine oil to break down sooner.If any one of these is true for your vehicle, then you need to change your oil and filter every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever occurs first. (See “Change Oil Light” in the Index.) If none of them is true, change the oiland filter every 7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months -- whichever occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed engine under highway conditions causes engine oil to break down slower. See “Change Oil Light” in the Index for more information on when to change the oil. What to Do with Used Oil Did you know that used engine oil contains certain elements that may be unhealthyfor your skin and could even cause cancer? D’on’tlet used oil stay on yourskin for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. (See the manu€acturer’s warnings aboutthe use anddisposal of oil products.) Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or into streams or bodiesof water. Instead, recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil.If you have a problem properly disposingof your usedoil, ask your dealer,a service station or a local recycling center for help. 6-13 Air Cleaner To check or replace the filter, loosen the wing nuts and lift up the cover. The air cleaner is located on the driver’sside of the engine compartment. 6-14 If the air cleaner is of€, a backfire can cause -a damaging engine fire, And, dirt can easily get into your engine, which will damage it. Alwqs have the air cleanerin place when you’redriving. Automatic Ik.an$mission F11 ‘d How to Check When to Check and Change Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may choose to have this done at your Buick dealership Service Department. A good time to check your automatic transmission fluid level is when the engine oil is changed. Change boththe fluid and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven underone or more of these conditions: In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches90°F (32”C) or higher. 0 In hilly or mountainous terrain. When doing frequent trailer towing. Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service. If you do notuse your vehicle under any of these conditions, thefluid and filter do not require changing. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index. If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions here, or you could geta false reading on the dipstick. NOTICE: Too much or too little fluid can damage your transmission. Too much can mean that some of the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts or exhaust system parts, startinga fire.Be sure to get an accurate reading if you check your transmission fluid. Wait at least 30 minutesbefore checking the transmission fluid level if you have been driving: 0 When outside temperatures are above 90" F (32"C ) . 0 At high speed for quite a while. 0 In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather. 0 While pulling a trailer. To get the right reading, the fluid should be at norrnal operating temperature, which is 180°F to 200°F (82°C to 93°C). Checking Transmission Fluid Hot Get the vehicle warmed upby driving about 15 miles (24 krn) when outside temperatures are above 50°F (10°C). If it's colder than 50°F (lO"C), drive the vehicle in DRIVE (D) until the engine temperature gage moves and thenremains steady for 10 minutes. Then follow the hot check procedures. Checking Transmission Fluid Cold A cold check is made after the vehicle has been sitting for eight hours or more withthe engine off and is used only as a reference. Let the engine run at idle for five minutes if outside temperatures are 50°F (10°C) or more. If it's colder than 50°F (lO"C), you may have to idle the engine longer. Should the fluidlevel be low during a cold check, you must perform a hot check before adding fluid. This will give you a more accurate reading of the fluid level. Checking theFluid Hot or Cold 0 Park your vehicle ona level place. Keepthe engine running. 0 With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever in PARK (P). 0 With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift lever through each gear range, pausing for about three seconds ineach range. Then, position the shift lever in PARK (P). 0 Let the engine run at idle forthree minutes or more. 6-17 Then, without shuttingoff the engine, follow these steps: 3. Check both sidesof the dipstick, and read thelower level. The fluid levelmust be in theCOLD area for a cold check or in the HOT area or cross-hatched area 1. Flip the handle up and then pull out the dipstick and for a hot check. wipe it with a clean ragor paper towel. 4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the 2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and dipstick back inall the way; then flip the handle then pullit back out again. down to lock the dipstick in place. How to Add Fluid Rear Axle Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of transmission fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”in the Index. When to Check and Change Lubricant Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid HOT. (A COLDcheck is used only as a reference.) If the fluid level is low, add only enoughof the proper fluid to bring the level up to the HOT area for a hot check. It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than a pint (0.5 L). Don’t overjikl. We recommend you use only fluid labeled DEXR0N’-III, because fluid with that label is made especiallyfor your automatic transmission. Damage caused by fluid other than DEXR0N’-III is not covered by your new vehicle warranty. 0 After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as described under “How to Check.” 0 When the correct fluidlevel is obtained, push the dipstick backin all the way; then flip the handle down tolock the dipstick in place. Refer to the MaintenanceSchedule to determine how often to check the lubricant and whento change it. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”in theIndex. How to Check Lubricant If the levelis below the bottom of the filler plug hole, you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant to raise the level tothe bottom of the filler plug hole. What to Use Standard Differential Use Axle Lubricant(GM Part No. 1052271) or SAE 80W-90 GL-5 gear lubricant. Limited-Slip Differential is low, use Axle To add lubricant when the level Lubricant (GM PartNo. 1052271). To completely refill after draining, add4 ounces (118 ml)of Limited-Slip Differential Lubricant Additive (GM Part No. 1052358). Then fill to the bottom of the filler plug hole with Axle Lubricant (GM Part No. 1052271). 6-19. Engine Coolant The cooling systemin your vehicleis filled with new DEX-COOL (orange-colored, silicate-free) engine coolant. This coolantis designed to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 100,000 miles (1 66 000 km), whichever occursfirst. The following explains your cooling system and how to add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem with engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating” in the Index. A 50/50 mixture of water and the propercoolant for your Chevrolet will: Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C). Give boiling protection upto 265°F (129°C). Protect against rust and corrosion. Help keep the proper engine temperature. Let the warning lights and gages work as they should. NOTICE: When adding coolantit is important thatyou use DEX-COOL (orange-colored, silicate-free) coolant meetingGM Specification 6277M. If silicated coolant is added to the system, premature engine, heater core or radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the engine coolant will require change sooner at 30,000 miles (50 000 km) or24 months, whichever occurs first. TM -- What to Use Use a mixture ofone-ha clean water (preferably distilled) and one-half DEX-COOL 7M (orange-colored, silicate-free) anhfizeze that meetsGM Specification 6277M, which won't damage alumhum parts. Use GM Engine Coolant Supplement (sealer) (GMPart No. 3634621) with any complete coolant change.If you use this mixture, you don't need to add anythmg else. I " A CAUTION: I NOTICE: If you use an improper coolant mix, your engine could overheat and be badly damaged.The * :*. -, *<.x45.+=*: repair cost wouldn't be covered by your %FSAL warranty. Too much water in the mix can freeze. and crack theengine, radiator, heater core and - . . If you have to addcoolant more thanfour times a-"year,. . have yourdealer check your cooling system. &$$FZ ..t$ .9:, :. , Adding only plainwater to your cooling system can be dangerous.Plain water, or some other liquid like alcohol,can boil beforethe proper coolant mixwill. Your vehicle's coolant warning system is set for the propercoolant mix. With plain water or the wrong mix,your engine could get toohot but you wouldn't get the overheat warning. Your engine couldcatch fire andyou or others could beburned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean water and DEX-COOL TM (orange-colored, silicate-free) antifreeze. 1 NOTICE: I If you use the propercoolant, you don't have to : add extrainhibitors or additives whichclaim:.@ .Ci improve the system. These can be harmfu1.B. :: -' &*t5 *- -.z .. Checking Coolant ’hrning the surge tank pressure cap when the engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly. Never turn the surge tank pressure capeven a little when the engine and radiator are hot. -- -- When your engineis cold, the coolant level should be at the FULL COLD mark. The surge tankis in the engine compartment, directly behind the battery. If this light comes on, it means you’re lowon engine coolant. LOW COOLANT LEVEL See “Low Coolant Light” inthe Index. ’ 6-22 ~ Adding Coolant If you need more coolant, add the propermix at the surge tank, but only when the engineis cool. You can be burned if you spill coolant onhot engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol, and it will burn if the engine parts arehot enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine. When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it istight. Surge Tank Pressure Cap NOTICE: The surge tank cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa) pressure-type cap and must be tightly installedto prevent coolant lossand possible engine damage from overheating. When you replace the surge tank pressure cap,GM a cap is recommended. Thermostat Engine coolant temperatureis controlled by a thermostat in the engine coolant system.The thermostat stops the flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant reaches a preset temperature. When you replace your thermostat, anAC@thermostat is recommended. 6-23 1 When theengine compartment is cool, unscrew the Gag!: and wipe the dipstick with a clean.rag.Replace the cap: . + 1 >. I Windshield Washer Fluid What to Use When you need windshield washerfluid, be sure to read the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient protection against freezing. Adding Washer Fluid The windshield washerreservoir is located on the driver’s side of the engine compartment. Open the cap labeled WASHER FLUID OmY. Add washer fluid until the tank is full. NOTICE: 0 0 0 0 When usingconcentrated washer fluid, follow the manufacturer’s instructions for adding water. Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze and damage your washer fluid tank and other partsof the washer system.Also, water doesn’t cleanas well as washer fluid. Fill your washer fluidtank only three-quarters funwhen it’s very cold. This allmows for expansion, which could damage the tank if it is completely full. Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your windshield washer.It can damage your washer systemand paint. 6-25 Brakes Brake Fluid your brake systemfixed, since aleak means that sooner or later your brakes won’t work well, or won’t work at all. So, it isn’t a good ideato “top off” your brake fluid. Adding brake fluid won’tcorrect a leak. If you add fluid when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much fluid when you get new brakelinings. You should add (or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is done on the brake hydraulic system. Your brake master cylinder reservoiris here. It isfilled with DOT-3 brake fluid. There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in the reservoir mightgo down. The first is that the brake fluid goes down to an acceptablelevel during normal brake lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid level goes back up. The other reasonis that fluid is leaking outof the brake system.If it is, you should have 6-26 If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on the engine. The fluidwill burn if the engineis hot enough. You or others could be burned, and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid only when work is done on the brake hydraulic system. Refer to the Maintenance Scheduleto determine when to check your brake fluid.See “Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in the Index. I NOTICE: ’ ’ . - . . .. -. I Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake system parts. For example, just a few drops of mineral-based oil, suchas engine oil, in yourbrake system can damage brake system parts so badly that they’ll have to be replaced. Don’t let someone put inthe wrong kind of fluid. Brake Wear Your Buick has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes. . Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are worn and new padsare needed. The sound may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle is moving (except when you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly). If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid on your vehicle. If you do, washit off immediately. See“Appearance Care” in the Index. The brake wear warning sound means that sooner or later your brakes won’t work well. That could leadto an accident. When youhear the brake wear warning sound, have your vehicle serviced. I NOTICE: I Continuing to drive with worn-outbrake pads could result in costly brake repair. I Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake squeal when the brakes arefirst applied or lightly applied. This does not meansomething is wrong with your brakes. Free movement of brake calipers and properly torqued wheel nuts are necessaryto help prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect brake calipers for movement, brake padsfor wear, and evenly torque wheel nuts in the propersequence to GM specifications. Your rear drum brakesdon’t have wear indicators, but if you ever heara rear brake rubbing noise, have the rear brake linings inspected.Also, the rear brake drums should be removed and inspected each time the tires are removed for rotation or changing. Whenyou have the front brakes replaced, have the rear brakes inspected, too. Brake linings should always be replaced as complete axle sets. Brake Pedal Travel See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to normal height, or if thereis a rapid increase in pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble. Brake Adjustment Every time you makea moderate brake stop, your disc brakes adjust for wear. If you rarely make a moderate or heavier stop, then your brakes might notadjust correctly. If you drive in that way, then -- very carefully -- make a few moderate brake stopsabout every 1,000 miles (1 600 Ism), so your brakes willadjust properly. If your brake pedal goes down farther than normal,your rear drum brakes may needadjustment. Adjust themby backing up and firmly applyingthe brakes a few times. Replacing Brake System Parts The braking system ona modern vehicle is complex. Its many parts have to beof top quality and work well together if the vehicleis to have really good bralung. Vehicles we design and test have top-quality GM brake parts in them, asyour Buick does when it is new. When you replace parts of your braking system-- for example, when your brake linings wear down and you have to have new ones put in -- be sure you get new genuine GM replacement parts. If you don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly. For example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance between your front and rear brakes can change -- for the worse. The braking performance you’ve come to expect can change in many other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement brake parts. 6-29 Battery Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle for longer storage periods. Every new Buick hasa Delco Freedom@ battery. You Also, €or your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent never have to add water toone of these. When it’s time Feature” in the Index. for a new battery, we recommend a Delco Freedom battery. Get one that has the replacement number shown Bulb Replacement on the original battery’s label. For the proper typeof replacement bulbs, see Vehicle Storage “Replacement Bulbs” in the Index. If you’re not going to drive your vehicle 25 fordays Halogen Bulbs or more, takeoff the black, negative(-) cable from the battery. This willhelp keep your batteryfrom running down. A CAUTION: A CAUTION: Batteries have acidthat can burn you and gas that can explode. You can be badlyhurt if you aren’t careful. See (‘Jump Starting’’ inthe Index for tips on workingaround a battery without getting hurt. 6-30 Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and can burst if you drop orscratch the bulb. You or others could beinjured. Take specialcare when handling and disposing of halogen bulbs. Headlamps 1. To replace the headlamp bulbs,locate the headlamp bulb retainer directly behindthe headlamps. 3. Gently pull the headlamp bulb assembly straightout from the access area. 2. Turn the headlamp bulb retainer a quarter- turn counterclockwise. 6-31 Parking/’Ibrn Signal and Cornering Lamp 1. Open the hood. 2. Remove the screw from the bracket. 3. Remove the lamp assembly by pulling forward. by 4. Remove the electrical connector from the bulb lifting the locktab and pullingit away from the plastic base. 4. Remove the electrical connectorsfrom the lamp assembly. 5. To reinstall the headlamp bulb assembly, attach the 5. Remove the bulbfrom the electrical connectors. electrical connector to the plastic base -- making sure the lock tab is over the lock. Put the small tab 6 . Reverse the steps with a new bulb. into the small notch in the lamp. Put the retainer on and turn it slightly clockwise to lock it into place. Do not touch the glass portion of the new halogen bulb! The oil from your fingers will shorten the life of your new halogen bulb. 6-32 Center High-M- mted Stoplamp (Sedan) Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (Wagon) 1. Unclip the stoplamp cover from the rear window and stoplamp assembly. 1. Open the tailgate window. 2. Remove the two screws. 2. Turn the socketcounterclockwise and remove from the stoplamp assembly. 3. Push the bulb gently into the socket and turn counterclockwise to remove. 4. Reverse the steps with a new bulb. 6-33 ~ 3. Bring clown the bulb assembly. Taillamp (Sedan) 1. Open the trunk. ; 2. Remove the nut from the trunk trim assembly. 3. Pull the taillamp assembly away from the body. 4. Pull the bulb out of its retainer. 5. Reverse the steps with a new bulb. 4. Disconnect the electrical connectorsfrom the taillamp assembly. 5. Remove the bulb. 6. Reverse the steps with a new bulb. 2. Insert the tip of a small screwdriver in to the slot as shown and gently press downto release the wiper blade from the arm. pAUTION: (Continued) 0 3. To install the wiper blade,&gn the wiper arm pin with the hole on the wiper blade assembly and snap it into place. Return the wipers to their normal position. Tires We don’t maketires. Your new Buick comes with high-quality tires madeby a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions about your tire warranty and where to obtain service, see your Buick Warranty booklet for details. 0 0 Underinflated tires pose the same danger as overloaded tires.The resulting accident could causeserious injury. Check all tires frequently to maintain the recommended pressure. Tire pressure should be checked when your tires are cold. Overinflated tires are more likelyto be cut, punctured or broken by a sudden impact =- such as when you hit a pothole. Keep tires at the recommended pressure. Worn, oldtires can cause accidents.If your tread is badly worn, or if your tires have been damaged,replace them. Poorly maintained and improperly used tires are dangerous. 0 Overloading your tires can cause overheating as a resultof too much friction.You could have an &out and a serious accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle’’ in the Index. CAUTION: (Continued) 6-37 Inflation -- Tire Pressure The Tire-Loadng Information label, whichis on the rear edge of the driver’s door, shows the correct inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold. “Cold” means your vehiclehas been sitting for at least three hours or driven no more than 1 mile ( 1.6 km). NOTICE: NOTICE: (Continued) I If your tires have too muchair (overinflation), you can get the following: 0 Unusual wear 0 Bad handling 0 Rough ride 0 Needless damage from road hazards. I Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or overinflation isall right. It’s not.If your tires don’t have enoughair (underinflation), you can get the following: 0 Too much flexing 0 Too much heat 0 Tireoverloading Bad wear 0 Badhandling 0 Bad fuel economy. NOTICE: (Continued) When to Check Check your tires once a month or more. Also, check the tire pressure of the spare tire. If you have a compact spare tire,it should be at 60 psi (420 kPa). How to Check Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire pressure. You can’t tellif your tiresare properly inflated simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look properly inflated even when they’re underinflated. Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture. After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading Information label.Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly tightened.See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the Index. Rust or dirton a wheel, or on the parts to which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose after a time. The wheel couldcome off and cause an accident. When you changea wheel, remove any rustor dirt fromplaces where thewheel attaches to thevehicle. In anemergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be sure touse ascraper or wire brush later, if you need to,to get all the rust or dirt off. (See “Changing a Flat Tire”in the Index.) When It’s Time forNew Tires One way to tell when it’s time for new tires is to check the treadwear indicators, which will appear whenyour tires have only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or less of tread remaining. You need a new tire if any of the following statements are true: You can see the indicators at three or more places around the tire. You can see cordor fabric showing through the tire’s rubber. 0 The tread or sidewallis cracked, cut or snagged deep enough to show cord or fabric. 0 The tire has a bump, bulgeor split. 0 The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that can’t be repaired well because of the size or location of the damage. Buying New Tires To find out what kind andsize of tires you need, lookat the Tire-Loading Information label. The tires installed on yourvehicle when it was new had a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec) number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires, get ones withthat same TPC Spec number. That way your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating, traction, ride and other things during normal service-on your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread design, the TPC number will befoliowed by an “MS” (for mud and snow). If you ever replace your tires withthose not having a TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size, load range, speed rating and construction type (bias, bias-belted or radial) as youroriginal tires. A CAUTION: Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while driving. Ifyou mix tires of different sizes or types (radial andbias-belted tires), the vehicle maynot handle properly, and you could havea crash. Using tires of different sizes may also cause damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same size and type tires on all four wheels. It’s all right to drive with your compact spare (if you have one).It was developedfor use on your vehicle. 6-41 I Temperature -- A, B, C The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of heat andits ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory test wheel thanthe minimum requiredby law. Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure. Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance The wheels on yourvehicle were aligned and balanced carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life and best overall performance. In most cases, you will not need to have your wheels aligned again. However, if younotice unusual tire wear or yourvehicle pulhng one way or theother, the alignment may need to bereset. If you notice your vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels may need tobe rebalanced. Wheel Replacement Replace any wheelthat is bent, cracked, or badly rusted or corroded. If wheel nuts keep comingloose, the wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum wheels, which can sometimes berepaired). See your Buick dealer if any of these conditions exist. Your dealer will know the land of wheel you need. Each new wheel shouldhave the same load-carrying capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the same way asthe one itreplaces. If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheelbolts or wheel nuts,replace them only with new GMoriginal equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the right wheel, wheelbolts and wheel nutsfor your Buick model. 6-43 ~ Used Replacement Wheels Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous. It could affectthe braking andhandling of your vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you lose control.You could havea collision in which you or others could beinjured. Always usethe correct wheel, wheel boltsand wheel nuts for replacement. NOTICE: The wrong wheel canalso cause problems with bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or odometer calibration, headlampaim, bumper height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire chain clearance to the body and chassis. See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for more information. 6-44 Putting a used wheel onyour vehicle is dangerous. You can’t know howit’s been used or how many miles it’s been driven.It could fail suddenly and cause an accident. If you haveto a new GM original replace a wheel, use equipment wheel. Tire Chains NOTICE: Use tire chains only where legal and only when you must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains that arethe propersize for your tires. Install them on the rear tires and tighten them as tightly as possible withthe ends securely fastened. Drive slowly and follow the chain manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear thechains contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten them. If the contact continues, slow downuntil it stops. Driving toofast or spinning the wheels with chains on willdamage your vehicle. Appearance Care Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space. When you use anything from a container to clean your Buick, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings and instructions. And always open your doors or windows when you’re cleaning the inside. Never use these to clean your vehicle: Gasoline 0 Benzene 0 Naphtha 0 CarbonTetrachloride Acetone Paint Thinner Turpentine 0 Lacquer Thinner Nail Polish Remover They can all be hazardous -- some more than others -- and they can all darnage yourvehicle, too. Don’t use any of these unlessthis manual says you can. In many uses, these will damage your vehicle: Alcohol 0 Laundry Soap 0 Bleach 0 Reducing Agents 6-45 Cleaning the Inside of Your Buick Using Foam-Qpe Cleaner on Fak *c Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose 1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt. dirt. Wipe vinylor leather witha clean, damp cloth. 2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask Your Buick dealer hastwo GM cleaners, a solvent-type surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines. spot lifter and a foam-type powdered cleaner. They will clean normal spots and stains very well. Do not use 3. Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following them on vinyl or leather. the directionson the container label. Here are some cleaning tips: 4. Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge. 0 Always read the instructionson the cleaner label. 0 Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set. 0 Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean area often.A soft brush may be usedif stains are stubborn. 0 Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area only. If you use them, don’t saturate the stained area. 0 If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire area immediately orit will set. 6-46 5. Don’t saturate the material. 6. Don’t rub it roughly. 7. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge to remove the suds. 8. Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge. 9. Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper towel or cloth. 10. Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer. 11. Wipe with a clean cloth. Using Solvent-me Cleaner on Fabric Special Cleaning Problems First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleanerat all. Some spots and stains will clean off better with just water and mild soap. Greasy or Oily Stains If you needto use a solvent: Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material with a clean, dull knife or scraper. Use very little cleaner, light pressure and clean cloths (preferably cheesecloth). Cleaning should startat the outside of the stain, “feathering” towardthe center. Keep changing to a clean section of the cloth. When you clean a stainfrom fabric, immediately dry the area with a blow dryer to help prevent a cleaning ring. Stains caused by grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe polish, coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic creams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and asphalt can be removed as follows: 1. Carefully scrape off excess stain. 2. Follow the solvent-type instructions described earlier. 3. Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain if left on a vehcle’s seat fabric. They should be removed as sodb as possible. Be carehl,because the cleaner will dissolve them and may cause them to spread. Non-Greasy Stains Stains caused by catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, wine, vomit, urine and bloodcan be removedas follows: 1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the soiled area with cool water. 2. If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions described earlier. 6-47 3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat thearea with a waterhakmg soda solution: 1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml) of lukewarm water. Cleaning Leather 4. If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner. 0 For stubborn stains, use GM a VinyVLeather Cleaner or equivalent product. Combination Stai 0 Stains caused by candy,ice cream, mayonnaise, chili sauce and unknown stains canbe removed as follows: 0 Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive cleaners, furniture polishor shoe polish on leather. Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately. If dirt is allowed to workinto the finish,it can harm the leather. 0 Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with cool water and allow to dry. If a stain remains, cleanit with solvent-type.cleaner. Cleaning Vinyl Use warm water and a clean cloth. Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.You may have to doit more than once. 0 Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth and a GM VinylLeather Cleaner or equivalent product. 6-48 Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or saddle soap. Cleaning theTop of the Instrument Panel Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield and even makeit difficult to see through the windshield under certain conditions. Care of Safety Belts Keep belts clean andd r y . I A CAUTION: Do not bleach or dye safety belts DU do, it may severely weaken them. In a crash, they might not be able to provide adequate protection. Clean safety belts only with mild soap and lukewarm water. Glass Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner (GM Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust films. Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may cause scratches. Avoid placing decalson the inside rear window, since they mayhave to be scraped off later. If abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear window, an electric defogger element may be damaged. Any temporary license should not be attached across the defogger grid. Cleaning the Outside of the Windshield, Backglass and Wiper Blades If the windshieldis not clear after using the windshield washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax or other material may be on the blade or windshield. Clean the outsideof the windshield withGM Windshield Cleaner, Bon-AmiPowder@(GM Part No. 1050011).The windshield is cleanif beads do not form when yourinse it with water. Clean the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade with water. Wiper blades shouldbe checked on a regular basis and replaced when worn. Weatherstrips Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent application may be required. (See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”in the Index.) Your Buick has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish. The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are of color, gloss retention and durability. non-abrasive and made for basecoatklearcoat a paint finish. Cleaning the Outside of Your Buick Washing Your Vehicle The best way to preserveyour vehicle’s f i s h is to keep it clean by washingit often with lukewarm or cold water. of the sun. Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays Don’t use strong soapsor chemical detergents. Use liquid hand, dish orcar washing (mild detergent) soaps. Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a soft, clean chamoisor a 100%cotton towel to avoid surface scratches and water spotting. High pressurecar washes may cause water to enter your vehicle. Finish Care I NOTICE: I Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the finish or leave swirl marks. Foreign materials such ascalcium chloride and other salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter. Exterior painted surfacesare subject to aging, weather Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your Buick by and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint of years. You can help tokeep the paint finish looking finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products new by keeping your Buick garaged or covered from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials” whenever possible. in the Index.) 6-50 Aluminum Wheels (If So Equipped) Tires Keep your wheelsclean using a soft clean cloth with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After rinsing thoroughly, dry witha soft clean towel. A wax may then be applied. To clean your tires, use a stiff brush witha tire cleaner. The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps, chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could damage the surface. Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels. NOTICE: When applying a tire dressing always take care to wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle. Petroleum-based products may damage the paint finish. Sheet Metal Damage [f your vehicle is damaged and requiressheet metal repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop 3pplies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or :eplaced to restore conasion protection. 6-51 Finish Damage Chemical Paint Spotting Some weather and atmospheric conditionscan create a chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and attack painted surfaceson your vehicle.This damage can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into materials availablefrom your dealeror other service the paint surface. outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected Although no defect in the paint job causes ths, Buick in your dealer’s body and paint shop. will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of Underbody Maintenance new vehicles damagedby this fallout condition within Chemicals used forice and snow removal and dust control 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase, whichever occurs first. can collect on the underbody. If these are not removed, the underbody accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan and exhaust system even though they have corrosion protection. Any stone chips, fracturesor deep scratchesin the finish should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode quickly and may develop into a major repair expense. At least every spring, flush these materials from the underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud and other debriscan collect. Dirt packed in closed areas of the frame shouldbe loosened before being flushed. Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can do this for you. 6-52 Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) Service Parts Identification Label You’ll findthis label onthe rear compartment storage lid in the wagon. On the sedan, the label is located on the trunk lid. It’s very helpful if you ever need to order parts. On this label is: 0 your VIN, 0 the model designation, 0 paint information, and This is the legal identifier for your Buick. It appears on 0 a list of all production options ana special a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the equipment. driver’s side.You can see it if you look through the Be sure thatthis label is not removedfrom the vehicle. windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts labels and the certificatesof title and registration. Engine Identification The eighth characterin your VIN is the engine code. This code will help you identify your engine, specifications and replacement parts. Electrical System Headlamps Add-on Electrical Equipment The headlamp wiringis protected by an internal circuit breaker. An electrical overload will cause the lamps to go on and off, or in some cases to remain off. If this happens, have your headlamp wiring checked right away. I NOTICE: Don’t add anything electrical to your Buick unless you check with your dealer first. Some electrical equipment can damage your vehicle and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other components from working as they should. Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to add anything electrical to your Buick, see “Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick” in theIndex. Windshield Wipers The windshield wiper motoris protected by an internal circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheatsdue to heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor cools. If the overload is caused by someelectrical problem, be sure to get it fixed. Power Windows and Other Power Options Circuit breakers protect the power windows and other power accessories-. When the current load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens andcloses, protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed or goes away. 6-55 Instrument Panel Fuse Block *xes and Circuit Breakers I The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from ’ short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers and fusible thermal links.This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused by electrical problems. Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the band is broken or melted, replace the fuse.Be sure you replace a bad fuse with a newone of the identical size and rating. If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have a spare fuse, you can borrowone of that has the same amperage. Just pick some feature of your vehicle that you can get along without-- like the radio or cigarette lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage. Replace it as soon as you can. There are two fuse blocks in your vehicle: the instrument To gain access to thisfuse block, remove the cover on panel fuse block and the engine compartment fuse block. the driver’s sideof the instrument panel.Make sure to insert the tabs first when replacing the cover. FUSE USAGE CHART 2 PRINTED IN U Usage Fuse 7 8 9 10 11 x 3 x 4 x 7 SEO 8 RR WPR 9 RADIO 12 T&fG 13 CHI BODY 14 PASSKEY% 17 HVAC8LO 18 YES 19 x 22 SEO 23 X 24 CRANK 27 TRKLP 2a CIGDLC 29 RRREL 32 HOANS 33 UUS.CHI 34 PASSKEY@ 37 STOP/HZD 38 HVAC MOO 39 PWRM 42 INTOIM 43 RRTLFS 44 HmMIR * CIRCUIT BREAKERS FOR MORE INFC ?MATION, SEE OWNE Used Not Rear Window Wiper Radio Windshield Wipermasher Switch RearDefogRelay, Air BagSystem, Headlamp Switch, I/P Cluster, Rear Defog Switch Fuse 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 20 Usage Turn Signal Lamp Flasher, Back-up Lamp/Transmission Position Sensor (PNP) Switch, Shift Interlock (BTSI) Inside Rearview Mirror, Warning Alarm, Stoplamp Switch, Headlamp Auto Control Module, Daytime Running Lamp Control Module,Remote Control Door Lock Receiver, Automatic Level Control Sensor Theft-Deterrent Module Air Bag System Cruise Control Module, Cruise Control Switch, Cruise Control Release Switch Heater and A/C Control, Low Blower Module Relay Power SteeringControl Module, Heated Seats Control Electric Actuator, Vacuum Electric Solenoid, Heater andA/C Control, Instrument Cluster, Daytime Running Lamps 6-57 Fuse 21 Used Not 22 24 26 27 28 29 30 31 Usage Used Not Air BagSystem,Theft-DeterrentRelay Not Used Auto Level Control Sensor, Rear Compartment Courtesy Lamp, Mercury Switch Cigarette Lighter, Diagnostic Link Connector Remote Control Door Lock Receiver, Liftgate Wiper Latch Switch, Rear Glass Release Switch, Rear compartment Lid Release Switch, Rear Glass Release Relay, Rear Compartment Release Relay Radio Headlamp Switch, Headlamp Auto Control Module, Daytime Running Lamps Control Module Fuse 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 Usage Horn Relay Warning Alarrn, I/P Compartment Lamp Switch, I/P Compartment Lamp,I/P Cluster, Heater and A/C Control Theft-Deterrent Module Courtesy Lamp Relay, Front Door Lock Switches, Front Door Courtesy Lamps, Rear Door Courtesy Lamps, Outside Remote Control Rearview Mirror Switch, Inside Rearview Mirror, Sunshade Illuminated Mirrors,I/P Door Lamps, Roof Rail Courtesy Lamps Rear Window Wiper Motor, Rear Compartment Lid Pull-Down Actuator Stoplamp Switch, Hazard Lamp Flasher Blower Motor Control Module Power DoorLock Relay 3 4 Engine Compartment FuseBlock 10 11 12 13 E 0 000 A/C COMP AIR PUMP Fuse Lift the hood and openthe cover to gain access to this fuse block. PRI - COOL - SEC COOL Usage 1 Auto Level Control Air Compressor 2 Fuel Pump Relay, PCM 3 Secondary Air Pump Relay, Underhood Lamp Fuse 4 usage Relay Usage Mass Air Flow Sensor, Secondary Air Pump Relay, EGRSolenoid, Evaporative Emission Solenoid, Oxygen Sensors, Automatic Transmission A Primary Cooling Fan B Secondary Cooling Fan C Air Pump E Fuel Pump F Air Conditioning Compressor 5 PCM, Ignition Coil, Electronic Brake Control Module 6 Fuel Injector Cylinders One, Four, Six, Seven 7 Primary Cooling Fan, A/C Compressor Relay 8 Generator, Secondary Cooling Fan 9 Fuel Injector Cylinders Two, Three, Five, Eight 6-61 Replacement Bulbs Application Number Ashtray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194* Back-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2057* 2057 Cornering .............................. 168* Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Front Parking/Turn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2057 194" GloveBox ............................. Headlamp .............................. 9004 High-Mounted Stop 1141 (Sedan) .............................. 577 (Wagon) .............................. InstrumentPanel ........................ 194* License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194" LuggageCompartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 920* 192 Reading ................................ Rear Body Pillar Assist Handle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194* Roof Rail Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192* Front Sidemarker (Sedan) .............................. 194* (Wagon) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Rear Sidemarker (Sedan) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2057 (Wagon) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194 Application Number Tail/Stop/Tum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2057 Underhood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 561* * For service inforrnation on these bulbs. contact your Buick dealer service department . Capacities and Specifications Engine Code P(LTl) Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Piston Displacement ...................... V8 Power (Ac. to SAE J1349) . . . 260 (bhp) @ 5000 rpm Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8-4-3-6-5-7-2 Thermostat Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . 180O F (82 C) 0 Replacement Parts Air Cleaner ......................... AC 1096C Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10253745 EngineOilFilter ........................ PF52 PCVValve .......................... CV895C Spark Plug . . . . . . . . . . AC 41-943 (0.050 inch Gap) Thermostat ......................... 12555290 Wiper Blade. LeftRight Hand . . . . . 10283603 (22") Wiper Blade. Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22101870 (17'1 Tire, Pressure, Sizes See Tire Certification Information Label on driver’s door. Wheel Nuts Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . . 100 lb-ft (140 N-m) Capacities (Approximate) Air Conditioning (R- 134a) . . . . . . 1.75 lbs. (0.79 kg) Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same. If the airconditioning system in your vehicle needs refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is used. If you’re not sure, ask yourBuick dealer. Automatic Transmission Drain and Refill” . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.0 pints (4.7 L) Overhaul . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22.4 pints (10.6 L) Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.4 quarts (15.5 L) Heavy Duty Cooling . . . . . . . . . 16.9 quarts (15.9 L) Crankcase (with Filter)** . . . . . . . 5.0 quarts (4.7 L) Fuel Tank (Sedan) . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 gallons ( 87 L) Fuel Tank (Wagon) . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1 gallons (79 L) Rear Axle Lubricant . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 pints (2.0 L) Estate Wagon Dimensions (Approximate) Overall Length .................... 218 inches (554 cm) 80 inches (203 em) Width ...................... Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 inches (152 cm) Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116inches (295 cm) Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 inches (158 cm) Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 inches (163 cm) Roadmaster Sedan Dimensions (Approximate) Overall Length .................... 216 inches (549 cm) 78 inches (199 cm) Width ...................... 56 inches (142 cm) Height ...................... Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 inches (295 cm) Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 inches (156 cm) Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1 inches (155 cm) * Recheck thefluid level after filling. See “Automatic Transmission Fluid” in the Index. ** Recheck the oil level after filling. See“Engine Oil” in the Index. 6-63 NOTES I 6-64 - Section 7 Maintenance Schedule Introduction IMPORTANT: KEEP ENGINE OIL AT THE PROPER LEVEL AND CHANGE A: RECOMMENDED This section covers the maintenance required for your Buick. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety, dependability and emission control performance. M Your Vehicle and the Environment Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the environment. All recommended maintenance procedures are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even affect the quality of theair we breathe. Improper fluid levels or the wrong tire inflationcan increase the level of emissions from your vehicle.To help protect our environment, and to keep your vehicle in good condition, please maintain your vehicle properly. Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your Warranty andOwner Assistance booklet, or yourBuick dealer for details. 7-1 I I Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services Using Your Maintenance Schedule The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses these. All parts should be replaced andall necessary repairs done before you or anyone else drives the vehicle. We at General Motors want to help you keep your vehicle These schedules are for vehicles that: in good w o r h g condition. But we don’t know exactly carry passengers and cargo within recommended how you’ll driveit. You may drive very short distances limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s only a few times a week. Or you may drive long distances Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your all the time in very hot, dusty weather. You may use your Vehicle’’ in the Index. vehicle in making deliveries. Or you may drive it to work, are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal to do errands or in many other ways. driving limits. Because of all the different ways people use their GM 0 use the recommended fuel. See“Fuel” in the Index. vehicles, maintenance needs vary.You may even need more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll find Selecting the Right Schedule in the schedules in this section. So please read this First you’ll need todecide which of thetwo schedules is section and note how you drive. If you have any right for your vehicle. Here’s how todecide which questions on how to keep yourvehicle in good schedule to follow: condition, see your Buick dealer. This part tells you the maintenance services you should have done and when you shouldschedule them. If you go to your dealer for your service needs, YOU'^^ know that GM-trained and supported service people will perform the work using genuine GM parts. Maintenance Schedule TriplCity I Short Definition I Follow the ShortTripKity Maintenance Scheduleif any one of these conditionsis true for your vehicle: Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). This is particularly importantwhen outside temperatures are below freezing. Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent driving in stop-and-go traffic). 0 Most trips are through dusty areas. 0 You frequently tow a traileror use a carrier on topof your vehicle. 0 If the vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi or other commercial application. One of the reasons you should follow this schedule if you operate your vehicle under any of these conditions is that these conditions cause engine oil to break down soonel: Every 3,000 Miles (5 000 km): Engine Oil and Filter Change (or3 months, whichever occursfirst). Every 6,000 Miles (10000 km): Chassis Lubrication (or 6 months, whichever occurs first). Short Trip/City Intervals At 6,000 Miles(10 000 km)-- Then Every 12,000 Miles(20 000 km): Tire Rotation. Every 6,000 Miles(10-000 km) of Trailering: Rear Axle Fluid Change (Vehicles Towing Trailers). At the First 6,000 Miles (10 000 km): Rear Axle Fluid Change (Limited-Slip Differential). Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km): Air Cleaner Filter Inspection, if driving in dusty conditions. Front Wheel Bearing Repack (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first). Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km):Air Cleaner Filter Replacement. Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection. Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic Transmission Service (severe conditions only). Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km): Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection. Every 100,000 Miles (166000 km): Cooling System Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs first). Spark Plug Wire Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement. These intervals only summarize maintenance services. Be sure tofollow the complete maintenance schedule on the following pages. Maintenance Schedule Follow this maintenance schedule only if none of the conditions from the Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule is true. Driving a vehicle with afully warmed engine under highway conditions causes engine oil to break down slower Every 7,500 Miles (12500 km) :Engine Oil and Filter Change (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). Chassis Lubrication (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). At the First7,500 Miles (12500 km): Rear Axle Fluid Change (Limited-Slip Differential). At 7,500 Miles (12 500 km) -- Then Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km): Tire Rotation. Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Air Cleaner Filter Replacement. Fuel Tank, Cap and LinesInspection. Front Wheel Bearing Repack (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first). Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic Transmission Service (severe conditions only). Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km): Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection. Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km): Cooling System Service (or every 60 months, whichever occursfirst). Spark Plug Wire Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement. These intervals only summarize maintenance services. Be sure to followthe complete maintenance schedule on the following pages. 7-5 I Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule The services shown inthis schedule up to 100,000 miles (166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles (166 000 km)at the same intervals. Footnotes I * Your vehicle hasan Engine Oil Life Monitor. This monitor will show you when to change the oil -- usually between 3,000 miles (5 000 km)and 7,500 rniles (12 500 km) since your last oil change. Under severe condtions, the indicator may come on before3,000 miles (5 000 h)Never . drive your vehicle morethan 7,500 miles (12 500 km)or 12 months, (whichever occurs first), withoutan oil chanee. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the California Air Resources Board has determined that the failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So if you the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the drive in a dusty area be sure to change your oil every completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however, 3,000 miles ( 5 000 km)or soonerif the CHANGE OIL urge that all recommended maintenance services be light comes on. Remember to reset the Oil Life Monitor performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance when the oil has been changed. For more information, be recorded. see “Engine Oil Life Monitor” in the Index. 7-6 Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule 3,000 Miles (5000 km) Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Sewice. * 6,000 Miles (10 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. * Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). (Continued) 7-7 I Short TriplCity Maintenance Schedule I 6,000 Miles (10 000’km) (Continued) 9,000 Miles (15 000 km) 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and 0Change engine oil and filter (or every Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. During tire rotation, check brake calipers for freedom of movement and lubricate if required. Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer or has limited-slip differential. 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED 7-8 * BY I Short WiplCity Maintenance Schedule 18,000 Miles (30 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service. * I 21,000 Miles (35 000 km) Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. * 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every6 months, whichever occurs first). Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. Duringtire rotation, check brake calipersfor freedom of movement and lubricateif required. [7 Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. ~ DATE ACTUALMILEAGE SERVICED BY: I I Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule 24,000 Miles (40 000 k t ) 0Change engineoil and filter (or every I 27,000 Miles (45 000 km) 3 months, whichever occurs first). Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service. * * 0Lubricate thesuspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage(or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). 17 Change therear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: DATE SERVICED ACTUAL MILEAGE BY: 7-11 I Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule I 30,000 Miles (50 000 km) El Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. * 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Change the rear axlegear lubricant if vehicle is used to pulla trailer. I7 Clean and repack the frontwheel bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first). Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control Service. 0Inspect fueltank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspect fuel capgasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control Service. [7 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. During tire rotation, check brake calipers for freedom of movement and lubricate if required. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED 7-12 BY: I Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule I 33,000 Miles (55000 km) 36,000 Miles (60 000 km) 0Change engineoil and filter (or every 0Change engineoil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service. * * 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-13 I Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule I 39,000 Miles (65 000 km) 42,000 Miles (70000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service. * * 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’ in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and additional information. During tire rotation, check brake calipersfor freedom of movement and lubricate if required. 17 Change the rear axle gear lubricantif vehicle is used to pull a trailer. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: I ShortTrip/CityMaintenanceSchedule I 45,000 Miles (75800 km) 48,000 Miles (80 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service. * * I7 Clean and repack the front wheel bearings 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first). I7 Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions. Replace filter if necessary. An Emission Control Service. parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-15 ~ ~ 1~ ~~ Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule 50,000 Miles (83 000 km) 51,000 Miles (85 000 km) 17 Change automatic transmission fluid and 17 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of these conditions: - In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32* C) or higher. - In hilly or mountainous terrain. - When doing frequent trailer towing. - Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service. An Emission Control Service. * r f you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, thefluid andfilter do require not changing. I I DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED 7-16 1 I BY: I Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule I 54,000 Miles (90 000 km) 57,000 Miles (95 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or 0Change engineoil and filter (or every every 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service. 3 months, whichever occurs first). * 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking An Emission Control Service. * brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and additional information. Duringtire rotation, check brake calipersfor freedom of movement and lubricate if required. 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. I DATE I ACTUALMILEAGE ISERVICED BYJ DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY 7-17 I Short Wip/City Maintenance Schedule 60,000 Miles (100.000h) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service,. * 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Clean and repack the front wheel bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first). 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. 17 Inspect engine accessory drive belt. 0Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control Service. Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for anv damage. Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control Service.? DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED 7-18 BY: I I Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule 63,000 Miles (105 000km) 66,000 Miles (110 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Sewice. An Emission Control Sewice. * * 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact pointsand linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs fmt). Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation’’ in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and additional information. Duringtire rotation, check brake calipers for freedom of movement and lubricate if required. Change therear axle gear lubricantif vehicle is used to pull a trailer. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 1 DATE I ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-19 I Short TriplCity Maintenance Schedule I 69,000 Miles (115 000 km) 72,000 Miles (120 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service. * * Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: I I I I I Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule 75,000 Miles (125 000 km) 78,000 Miles (130 000 km) 0Change engineoil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). 3 months, whichever occursfirst). An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service. * 0Clean and repack the frontwheel bearings (or at each brakerelining, whichever occurs first). 17 Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions. Replace filter if necessary. An Emission Control Service. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE- SERVICED BY: * 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Indexfor proper rotation pattern and additional information. During tire rotation, check brake calipersfor freedom of movement and lubricateif required. 0Change the rear axle gear lubricantif vehicle is used to pull a trailer. I DATE I ACTUAL MILEAGE ISERVICED BY: I 7-21 DATE ~. " ~ ~~ ~ ACTUALMILEAGE SERVICED BY: I ShortTrip/CityMaintenanceSchedule I 87,000 Miles (145 000 km) 90,000 Miles (150 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service. * * Cl Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). 0Clean and repack the front wheel bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first). 0Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. ACTUALMILEAGESERVICED BY: (Continued) I Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule 90,000 Miles (150 000 km) (Continued) I 93,000 Miles (155 000 kmj Replace air cleaner filter. 0Change engine oil and filter (or every An Emission Control Service. 3 months, whichever occurs first). Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any darnage. Replace parts as needed., An Emission Control Service. * An Emission Control Service. CI Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. During tire rotation, check brake calipers for freedom of movement and lubricate if required. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED 7-24 BY: I Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule 96,000 Miles (160 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every I 99,000 Miles (165 000 km) 3 months, whichever occurs first). Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service. * * [7 Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 6 months, whichever occurs first). Change the rear axle gear lubricant if vehicle is used to pull a trailer. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-25 , 7.. Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedul The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles (166 000 km)should beperformed after 100,000 miles ( 166 000 km)at the same intervals. Footnotes The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the California Air Resources Board has determined thatthe failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however, urge thatall recommended maintenance services be performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded. * Your vehicle hasan Engine Oil Life Monitor. This monitor will show you when to change theoil -- usually between 3,000 miles (5 000 km) and 7,500 miles (12 500 km)since your last oil change. Under severe conditions, the indicator may come on before3,000 miles (5 000 km). Never drive your vehcle more than 7,500 miles (12 500 km)or 12 months, (whichever occurs first), without an oil change. The system won’t detect dustin the oil. So if you drive in a dusty area, be sure tochange your oil every 3,000 miles (5 000 krn)or sooner if the CHANGEOIL light comes on. Remember toreset the Oil Life Monitor when the oil has been changed. For more information, see “Engine Oil Life Monitor” inthe Index. 7-27 Long Trip/Sighway MaintenanceSchedule I 7,500 Miles (IL500 km) 15,000 Miles (25 000 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occursfirst). 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. An Emission Control Service. * Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). Change the rearaxle gear lubricantif the vehicle has limited-slip differential. D Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. Duringtire rotation, check brake calipersfor freedom of movement and lubricate if required. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y * 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED B Y Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule 22,500 Miles (37 500 km) 30,000 Miles (50 000 km) 0Change engine oil andfilter (or every 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occursfirst). 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. * 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every12 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. During tire rotation, check brake calipers for f’reedom of movement An Emission Control Service. * 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). 0Clean and repack thefront wheel bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs first). and lubricate if required. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: (Continued) ~_ DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICEP BE I Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule m I 75,000 Miles (125 000 km) 82,500 Miles (137 500 km) L I - 90,000 Miles (150 000 km) 0Change engineoil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. * Lubricate thesuspension, steering linkage, parkmg brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). Clean and repack the frontwheel bearings (or at eachbrake relining, whichever occurs first). 0Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control Service. 0Inspect fueltank, cap and lines fordamage or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control Service. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-35 I Long Trippighway Maintenance Schedule ’ 100,000 Miles (166 000 km) 97,500 Miles (162 500 km) 0Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service. . . I * 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage, parking brake guides, underbody contact points and linkage (or every12 months, whichever occurs first). 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation pattern and additional information. During tire rotation, of movement check brake calipers for freedom and lubricate if required. Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 60 months since last service, whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap. An Emission Control Service. 0Inspect spark plug wires. An Emission Control Service, 0Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control Service. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 0Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of these conditions: - In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches 90O F (32°C) or higher. - In hilly or mountainous terrain. - When doing frequent trailer towing. - Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service. I f you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, thefluid andfilter do not require changing. DATE ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY: 7-37 Part B: Owner Checks and Services Listed below are owner checks and services which should be performedat the intervals specified to help ensure the safety, dependability and emission control performance of your vehicle. Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once. Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown in Part D. At Each Fuel Fill It is importantfor you or a service station attendant to pedorm these underhood checks at each fuel fill. Engine Oil Level Check Check theengine oil level and add the properoil if necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Indexfor further details. 7-3s Engine Coolant Level Check Check the engine coolant level and addthe proper coolant mix if necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for further details. Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check Check the windshield washerfluid level in the windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” inthe Index for further details. At Least Once a Month Tire Inflation Check Make sure tires areinflated to the correct pressures. See “Tires” inthe Index for further details. Cassette Deck Service Automatic Transmission Check Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every 50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the Index for further details. Check the transmission fluid level; add if needed. See “Automatic Transmission” in the Index. A fluid loss may indicate a problem. Checkthe system and repair if needed. Power Antenna Service Clean power antenna mast. See “Audio Systems” in the Index for further details. At Least %ice a Year Restraint System Check Make sure the safety beltreminder light and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are working properly. Lookfor any other loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have it repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced. Also look for any opened or broken air bagcovers, and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bagsystem does not need regular maintenance.) At Least Oncea Year Key Lock Cylinders Service Lubricate the key lockcylinders with the lubricant specified in Part D. Body Lubrication Service Lubricate all hinges and latches, including those for the body doors, hood, glove box door and console door. Part D tells you what to use. Morefrequent lubrication may be required whenexposed to a corrosive environment. 7-39 Starter Switch Check CAUTION: (BTSI) Check Brake-’Ik.ansmission Shift Interlock - When you are doing this check, the vehicle could move suddenly.If it does, youor others could be injured. Follow the steps below. 1. Before you start,be sure you have enough room around the vehicle. 2. Firmly apply both the parlung brake(see “Parking Brake” in the Indexif necessary) and the regular brake. NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to turnoff the engine immediately if it starts. 3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). If the starter works in any other position, your vehicle needs service. 7-$0 When you are doing this check, the vehicle could move suddenly.If it does, you or others could be injured. Follow the steps below. 1. Before you start,be sure you have enough room around the vehicle. It should be parked on a level surface. 2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see “Parking Brake” in the Indexif necessary). NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately if the vehicle begins to move. RUN 3. With the engine off, turn the key to the position, but don’t start the engine. Without applying the regular brake, tryto move the shift lever out of PARK (P) with normal effort.If the shift lever moves outof PARK (P), your vehicle’s BTSI needs service. Steering Column LockCheck While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn the key to LOCKin each shift lever position. Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing downhill. Keeping yourfoot on the regular brake, set the parking brake. The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift lever is in PARK (P). The key should come out onlyin LOCK. 0 Parking Brake and Automatic Transmission PARK (P) Mechanism Check ~ To check the parlungbrake: With the engine running and transmission in NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake pedal.Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking brake only. To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability: Shift to PARK (P). Then release all brakes. Underbody Flushing Service I ~ When you are doing this check, your vehicle could begin to move.You or others could be injured and propertycould be damaged. Make sure thereis room infront of your vehicle in case it begins to roll. Be ready toapply the regular brake at once shouldthe vehicle beginto move. At least every spring, use plain waterto flush any corrosive materials from the underbody. Takecare to clean thoroughly anyareas where mud and other debris can collect. Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections Listed beloware inspections and services which should be performedat least twice a year (forinstance, each spring andfall). You should let your GM dealership’s service department or other qualified service center do these jobs. Make sure any necessaryrepairs are completed at once. Proper proceduresto perfom these services maybe found in a Buick Service Manual. See “Service and Owner Publications” inthe Index. Steering and Suspension Inspection Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs of wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering lines and hosesfor proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc. 7-42 Exhaust System Inspection Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body near the exhaust system. Lookfor broken, damaged, missing orout-of-position parts as well as open seams, holes, loose connections or other conditions which could cause a heat build-up inthe floor pan or could let exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index. Radiator and HeaterHose Inspection Inspect the hoses andhave them replacedif they are cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes, fittings and clamps;replace as needed. Throttle Linkage Inspection Brake System Inspection Inspect the throttle linkage for interference or binding, and for damage or missingparts. Replace parts as needed. Replace any cables that have high effort or excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and cruise control cables. Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors for surface condition.Also inspect drum brake linings for wear and cracks. Inspect other brake parts, including drums, wheel cylinders, parking brake, etc. Check parking brake adjustment.You may need to have your brakes inspected more oftenif your driving habits or conditions resultin fiequent bralung. Rear Axle Service Check the gear lubricant level in the rear axle and add if needed. S e e “Rear Axle” in the Index.A fluid loss may indicate a problem. Check the axle and repairit if needed. ~ Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants USAGE Coolant Supplement Sealer NOTE: Fluidsand lubricants identified below by name, part number or specification may be obtained from your GM dealer. USAGE Engine Oil Engine Coolant GM Part No. 3634621or equivalent with a complete flush and refill. Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme ll@Brake Fluid (GM Part No. 1052535or System equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid). FLUID/LUBRICANT Engine oil with the American Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines “Starburst” symbol of the proper viscosity. To determine the preferred viscosity for your vehicle’s engine, see “Engine Oil” in the Index. 50/50 mixtureof clean water (preferably distilled) andGM Goodwrench@DEX-COOLor Havoline@ DEX-COOL (orange-colored, silicate-free) antifreeze conforming to GM Specification 6277M.See “Engine Coolant” inthe Index. FLUIDfiUBRICANT Parking Brake Cable Guides Chassis lubricant (GM Part No. 1052497 or equivalent)or lubricant meeting requirementsof NLGI Grade2, Category LB or GC-LB. Power Steering System GM Power Steering Fluid (GM Part NO. 1052884- 1 Pt., 1050017 - 1 qt., or equivalent). Automatic Transmission DEXRON@-I11 Automatic Transmission Fluid. Key Lock Cylinders Multi-Pu ose Lubricant, Superlube% (GM Part No. 12346241 or equivalent). ~ I USAGE FLUID/LUBRICANT USAGE FLUID/LUBRICANT Chassis Lubrication Chassis lubricant (GM Part No. 1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB. Hood Latch Assembly, Pivots, Spring Anchor and Release Pawl Grease, High Temperature-- Water Spray Resistant (GM Part No. 12345996 or equivalent). Front Wheel Bearings Wheel bearing lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI Grade 2, Category GC or GC-LB (GM Part No. 1051344 or equivalent). Multi-pu ose lubricant, Superlube % (GM Part No. 12346241 or equivalent). Rear Axle (Standard Differential) Axle Lubricant (GM Part No. 1052271) or SAE 8OW-90 GL-5 Gear Lubricant. Hood and Door Hinges, Tailgate Hinges, Rear Compartment Lid Hinges, Fuel Door Hinge, Rear Folding Seat Rear Axle (Limited-Slip Differential) Axle Lubricant (GM Part No. 1052271) and 4 ounces (118 ml) of Limited-Slip Differential Lubricant Additive (GM Part No. 1052358 or equivalent) where required. See “Rear Axle” in the Index. Weatherstrip Conditioning Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM Part No. 12345579 or equivalent). Windshield Washer Solvent See “Replacement Parts” in the Index for recommended replacement filters, valves and spark plugs. GM Optikleen@Washer Solvent (GM Part No. 1051515) or equivalent. 7-45 \ Part E: Maintenance Record After the scheduled services are performed, recordthe date, odometer reading and who performed the service in theboxes providedafter the maintenance interval. I Any additional information from “Owner Checksand Services” or “Periodic Maintenance” can be added on +e following record pages.Also, you should retainall maintenance receipts. Your owner information portfolio is a convenient place tostore them. Maintenance Record 7-47 I Maintenance Record " ODOMETER SERVICED READING DATE BY MAINTENANCE PERFORMED Section 8 Customer Assistance Information Here you will find out how to contact Buick if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain service publications and how to report any safety defects. Customer Satisfaction Procedure This section includes information on: The Customer Satisfaction Procedure Customer Assistance for Text Telephone (TTY) Users 0 Roadside Assistance CourtesyTransportation 0 0 BBB Auto Line -- Alternative Dispute Resolution Program Reporting Safety Defects Service and Owner Publications Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your dealer and Buick. Normally, any concern you mayhave 8-1 with your vehicle can be handled by your sellingor servicing dealer.Your dealer has the facility, trained technicians, special tools andup-to-date information to promptly address anyissue which may arise. Buick has empowered its dealers to make decisions and repair vehicles, and they are eager to resolve your concernto your completesatisfaction. If your concern has not been resolved to yoursatisfaction, take the following steps: For helpoutside of the UnitedStates and Canada, call the following numbers as appropriate: STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern witha member of dealer management. Normally, concerns can be quickly resolved at that level.If the matter has already been reviewed with the Sales, Service, orManager, contact Parts the owner of the dealership orthe General Manager. STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of dealership management, it appears your concern cannot be resolved by the dealership without further help, contact the Buick Customer Assistance Center by calling 1-800-521-7300. In Canada,contact GM of Canada Customer Assistance Center in Oshawa by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French). 0 8-2 In Mexico: (525) 625-3256 In Puerto Rico: 1-800-496-9992 (English) or 1-800-496-9993 (Spanish) e In the U.S. Virgin Islands: 1-800-496-9994 In the Dominican Republic: 1-800-751-4135 (English) or 1-800-751-4136 (Spanish) In the Bahamas: 1-800-389-0009 In Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua and the British Virgin Islands: 1-800-534-0122 In all other Caribbean countries: 1-809-763-13 15 In other overseas locations, call GM North American Export Sales in Canada at 1-905-644-4112 For prompt assistance, please have the following information available to give theCustomer Assistance Representative: Your name, address, home and business telephone numbers 0 Vehicle Identification Number (This is available from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at the top left of the instrument panel and visible through the windshield.) Dealership name and location Vehicle delivery date and present mileage Nature of concern When contacting Buick, please remember that your concern will likely be resolved in the dealership, using the dealer's facilities, equipment andpersonnel. That is why we suggest youfollow Step One first if you have a concern. Customer Assistance for Text Telephone (TTY) Users r J To assist customers whoa e deaf, hard of hearing, 'or speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs), Buick has TTY equipmentavailable at itsCustomer Assistance Center. AnyTTY user can communicate with Buick by dialing: 1-800-83-BUICK. (TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.) We encourage you to call us so we can give your inquiry prompt attention. However, if you wish towrite Buick, write to: Buick Motor Division Customer Assistance Center 902 E. Hamilton Avenue Flint, MI, 48550 Refer to your Warranty andowner Assistance Information booklet for addresses of Canadian and GM Overseas offices. 8-3 Roadside Assistance Our commitment to Buick owners has always included superior service through our network of 3,000 Buick dealers. Buick Roadside Premium Assistance provides an extra measureof convenience and security. Buick Premium Roadside Assistance: - Provides owners with access to minor repairs or towing for disabled vehicles. - Takes the anxiety outof uncertain situations by providing easy access to service professionals trained to work with Buick owners,24 hours a day,365 days a year, including weekends and holidays. For details on Buick Premium Roadside Assistance, please consult your Buick Premium Roadside Assistance owner booklet included with your owner’s manual. For needed assistance, call the Buick Premium Roadside Assistance toll-free hotline: 1-800-2521112. Canadian Roadside Assistance Buick Motor Division is proud to offer Buick Premium Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive Roadside Assistanceto customers for vehicles covered Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere under the 36 month/36,000 mile (60 000 km) new car in Canada or the United States. Pledse refer to the warranty (whichever occurs first). separate brochure provided by the dealer or call 1-800-268-6800 for emergency services. We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction Procedure before you resort to AUTOLINE, but you may contact the BBB at any time. The BBB will attempt to resolve the complaint serving as an intermediary between you andBuick. If this mediation is unsuccessful, an informal hearing will be scheduled where eligible customers may present their case to an impartial third-party arbitrator. The arbitrator will make a decision which you may accept or reject. If you accept the decision, GM will be bound bythat decision. The entiredispute resolution procedure should ordinarily take about 40 days from the time you file a claim until a decision is made. Some state laws may require you to use this program before filing a claim with a state-run arbitration program or in the courts. For further information, contact the BBB at 1-800-955-5 100 or the Buick Customer Assistance Center at 1-800-955-7300. REPORTING SAFETY -DEFECTS TO THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or couldcause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to notifying General Motors. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer or General Motors. To contact NHTSA, you mayeither call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the Washington, D.C.area) or write to: NHTSA, U S . Department of Transportation Washington, D.C. 20590 You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safetyfrom the Hotline. 8-7 ' REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TOTHECANADIAN GOVERNMENT REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO GENERAL MOTORS In addition to notifyingNHTSA (or Transport Canada) If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle in a situationlike this, we certainly hopeyou'll notify us. Please call us at 1-800-521-7300, or write: has a safety defect, you should immediately notify Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General Buick Motor Division Motors of Canada Limited.You may write to: Customer Assistance Center 902 E. Hamilton Avenue Transport Canada Flint, MI 48550 Box 8880 Ottawa, Ontario K1G3J2 In Canada, please call usat 1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write: General Motors of Canada Limited Customer Assistance Center 1908 Colonel Sam Drive Oshawa, Ontario L1H8P7 Service and Owner Publications Service Manuals Service manuals contain diagnostic and repair information for all chassis and body systems. They may be useful for owners who wish to get a greater understanding of their vehicle. They are also useful for owners withthe appropriate skill level or training who wish to perform “do-it-yourself’ service. These are authentic General Motors service manuals meantfor professional, qualified technicians. Service manuals, service bulletins, owner’s manuals and other service literature are available for purchase for all current and many past model General Motors vehicles. Toll-free telephone numbers for ordering information: United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-800-551-4123 Canada .................... 1-800-668-5539 Service Bulletins Owner Publications Service bulletins covering various subjects are regularly Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner sent to all General Motors dealerships. GM monitors assistance booklets provide owners with general product performancein the field. When service methods operation and maintenance information. are found which promote better service on GM vehicles, bulletins are created to help the technician perform better service. Service bulletins may involve any number of vehicles. Some will describe inexpensive service; others will describe expensive service. Some will advise of newor unexpected conditions, and others may help avoid future costly repairs. Service bulletins are meant for qualified technicians. In some cases bulletins referto service manuals, specialized tools, equipment and safety procedures necessary to service the vehicle. Since these bulletins are issued throughout the model year and beyond, an index is required and published quarterly to help identify specific bulletins. Subscriptions are available. You can order an index at the toll-free numbers listed previously,or ask a GM dealer to see an index or individual bulletin. 8-10 Section 9 Index Air Bag How Does it Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24 How it Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22 1-22 Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220.127.116.11 Readiness Light ......................... 1-25 Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23 What Makes it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . What Will You See After it Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24 1-23 When Should it Inflate ......................... Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14 3-2 AirConditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-43 Alignment and Balance. Tire ...................... 6-51 Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning ...................... 3-20 Antenna. Fixed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Antenna.Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21 Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20 Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.104.22.168 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6 3- 17 Anti.Theft. Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appearancecare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45 6-53 Appearance Care Materials ....................... Arbitration Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6 2-42 Armrest. Front Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Automatic DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Overdrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pull-Down Feature ............................ Automatic Transmission Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Park Mechanism Check ........................ Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Axle, Limited-Slip Rear ......................... Axle,Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48 3-5 2-4 2-20 2-12 7-39 6-16 2-18 7-41 2-18 2-21 6-19 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-30 Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2 Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-55 Replacement. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7 8-6 BBB Auto Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Better Business Bureau Mediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6 9-1 Brake Adjustment .................................. Fluid ....................................... Master Cylinder .............................. Parking ..................................... PedalTravel ................................. Replacing System Parts ........................ System .Warning Light ......................... Trailer ...................................... Transmission Shift Interlock Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wear ....................................... Brakes.Anti-Lock ............................... Braking ........................................ Braking in Emergencies ........................... Break-In. New Vehicle .......................... BTSI Check ................................... Bulb Replacement .............................. 6-29 6-26 6-26 2-21 6-29 6-29 2-56 4-35 7-40 6-28 4-6 4-5 4-8 2-14 7-40 6-30 8-4 Canadian Roadside Assistance .................... 6-62 Capacities and Specifications ...................... CarbonMonoxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22.214.171.124.4.33. 2-44 Cargocover ................................... 7-39 Cassette Deck Service ........................... 126.96.36.199. 3.12 Cassette Tape Player .................... 3-20 Cassette Tape Player Care ........................ CD Player Theft-Deterrent Feature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- 17 Center High-Mounted Stoplamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33 1-27 Center Passenger Position ........................ 4-28 CertificationLabel .............................. 4-35 Chains.Safety ................................. 6-45 Chains.Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-64 ChangeOilLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5- 19 Changing a Flat Tire............................. 9-2 Check Engine Light ............................. 2-59 Checking Your Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-44 Chemical Paint Spotting .......................... 6-52 1-33 ChildRestraints ................................ Securing in a Rear OutsideSeat Position . . . . . . . . . . . 1-35 Securing in the Center Rear Seat Position. . . . . . . . . . 1-37 Securing in the Right Front Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . 1-39 1-34 TopStrap ................................... 1-33 Wheretoput ................................ CigaretteLighter ............................... 2-48 6-56 Circuit Breakers and Fuses ....................... 6-14 Cleaner. Air ................................... Cleaning Aluminum Wheels ............................ 6-51 6-46 Fabric ...................................... Glass ....................................... 6-49 6-46 Inside of Your Buick .......................... 6-48 InstrumentPanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Leather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48 6-50 Outside of Your Buick ......................... 6-47 Special Problems ............................. 6-46 Stains ...................................... 6-51 Tires ....................................... Vinyl ....................................... 6-48 6-49 Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-51 Wheels ..................................... Windshield and Wiper Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49 Climate Control System. Electronic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2 Climate Control System. Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 3-5 Clock. Settingthe ................................ Comfort Controls ................................ 3-1 Compact Disc Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20 3-12 Compact Disc Player ............................ 5-30 Compact Spare Tire ............................. Control of a Vehicle .............................. 4-5 188.8.131.52 Convenience Net .......................... 2-41 Convex Outside Mirror .......................... 6-20 Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17 Heater. Engine ............................... SurgeTank .................................. 5-15 5 .13 Cooling System ................................ 8-5 Courtesy Transportation ........................... 2-33 Cruise Control ................................. 2-64 Cruise Control Light ............................ Customer Assistancefor Text Telephone Users. . . . . . . . . 8-3 Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8- 1 8- 1 Customer Satisfaction Procedure .................... 6-52 Damage. Finish ............................... 6-51 Damage. Sheet Metal ............................ 2-36 Daytime Running Lamps ......................... 5-2 DeadBattery ................................... 8-7 Defects. Reporting Safety ......................... 4- 1 Defensive Driving ............................... Defogger. Rear Window .......................... 3-5 Defogging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4 3-4 Defrosting ..................................... 6-63 Dimensions.Vehicle ............................ 3- 12 Dolby' B Noise Reduction ....................... Programmable Automatic Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 2-3 Door. Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Driving City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18 Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1 Drunken ..................................... 4-2 4-19 Freeway .................................... I In a Blizzard ................................. 4-25 In Foreign Countries ........................... 6-4 4-15 IntheRain .................................. 4-13 Night ...................................... 4-8 OnCurves ................................... On Grades While Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37 On Hill and'Mountain Roads .................... 4-21 On Snow and Ice ............................. 4-24 WetRoads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15 4-23 Winter ...................................... 4-35 WithaTrailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2 DrunkenDriving ................................ 6-55 Electrical Equipment. Adding .................... Electrical System ............................... 6-55 Electrochromic Daymight Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . 2-40 3-2 Electronic Climate Control ........................ 6-8 Engine ........................................ Coolant ..................................... 6-20 Coolant Heater ............................... 2-17 7-38 Coolant Level Check .......................... Coolant Temperature Gage ..................... 2-58 Coolant Temperature Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58 6-63 CoolingSystem .............................. Exhaust ..................................... 2-26 6-60 Fuse Block .................................. 6-54 Identification ................................ 7-38 OilLevelCheck .............................. 5-11 Overheating ................................. 2-26 Running While Parked ......................... Specifications ................................ 6-62 2-16 StartingYour ................................ 9-3 ..... . . . . 2-15 ................ 2-38 ...... i . . . . . . s i . . ..... ..... ..... ..... :S,uspeniion ........................ 'Throttle Linkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tast-mentPanel ............... . . * . . , .:?Brightness Control ........ .... ....... Cleaning ..................... ..,... ..... .. i , . N e t , convenience .............................z+I.~, 12-44 Neutral, Automatic TrmsmiBion ...................2-20 New Vehicle “Break-In’’ ............................. 2-14 Night Vision . . . . ,................................. 4-14 P a i n t Spotting, Chemical ................ , ....... 6-52 Park AutomaticTransmission ........................ 2-18 Shifting Into ........................................ .,2-22 Shiftingout of ................................2-25 , Parking AtNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12 Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21 7-41 Brake Mechanism Check ....................... 2-12 Lots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25 Over Things That Burn ........................ 4-37 With a Trailer ................................ Parking Lamp Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32 2-65 Pass Key Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11 Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13 PASS-Key 11 ................................. Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-42 Power 3-21 AntennaMastCare ............................ 7-39 Antennaservice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-41 Remote Control Mirror ........................ 4-8 Steering ..................................... 6-24 Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27 Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Power Seat 1-2 1-2 LumbarControls .............................. Memory Function . . . . . . !....................... 1-3 Recliner ..................................... l-3 Pregnancy,Use of SafetyBelts .................... 1-26 5-1 Problems on the Road ............................ 8-9 Publications, Service and Owner .................... 2- 12 Pull-Down Feature, Automatic .................... Radiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5- 16 Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19 Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5 Rain. Driving m ................................ 4-15 184.108.40.206 ReadingLamps ........................... Rear 6-19 Axle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 Door Security Locks ........................... 1-28 Outside Seat Position .......................... Seatpassengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-28 5-9 Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5 WindowDefogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32 WindshieldWasher ........................... 2-39 Rearview Mirror ................................ 2-40 Electrochromic Daymight ...................... 2-39 Inside Daymight ............................. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 Trunk Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8 Replacement. Bulbs ............................. 6-62 6-62 Replacement. Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-43 Replacement. Wheel ............................ 8-7 Reporting Safety Defects .......................... Restraints Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-44 1-33 Child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5 Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing Parts After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-45 7-39 Systemcheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reverse. Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19 1-26 Right Front Passenger Position .................... 8-4 Roadside Assistance .............................. 8-4 Roadside Assistance. Canadian ..................... Rocking YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-31 RoofLuggageRack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46 Rotation.Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-39 9-7 Alignment ,, . . . ., ... . . . .,. -.. . . . . .-.,. . , . . . .. ... ,+:@ 1. 1.