ENERGY SISTEM P1350 Service manual

ENERGY SISTEM P1350 Service manual
E1
Table of Contents
Title
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What is OBD? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
2
YOU CAN DO IT! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Safety First! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
ABOUT THE CODE READER
Vehicles Covered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controls and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Display Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
7
8
9
PREPARATION FOR TESTING
Before You Begin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vehicle Service Manuals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preliminary Vehicle Diagnosis Worksheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
13
14
USING THE CODE READER
Code Retrieval Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Erasing Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I/M Readiness Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What’s Next? (road trip readiness, emissions test . . . . . . . . . . .
readiness, inspecting a used vehicle)
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Page No.
17
19
20
25
LEARNING MORE
Computer Engine Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OBD 2 Monitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
33
36
DTC DEFINITIONS
Diagnostic Trouble Code Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Generic DTC Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturer Specific Codes - Chrysler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturer Specific Codes - Ford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturer Specific Codes - General Motors . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturer Specific Codes - Honda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturer Specific Codes - Toyota . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
44
65
68
81
91
93
GLOSSARY
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
95
95
WARRANTY AND SERVICING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
i
OBD2
Introduction
CONGRATULATIONS!
CONGRATULATIONS!
on your choice of the OBD2 Code Reader.
This powerful tool will help you take charge of
your vehicle’s maintenance and servicing
needs.
Today’s vehicles use Computer Control
Systems to ensure peak performance and
fuel efficiency while reducing pollutants in the
vehicle’s emissions. These systems also have the ability to perform
self-testing and diagnostics on various vehicle systems and
components, and provide valuable information to aid in servicing and
repair.
However, these sophisticated systems often required expensive tools
and test equipment in order to retrieve this information. Until now,
consumers had to rely on professional service technicians to maintain
their vehicles in top condition.
The OBD2 Code Reader brings the power of the technician into your
hands in a cost-effective, easy-to-use package. Whether you are a
“put the key in and go” consumer, hobby mechanic or skilled DIYer,
the OBD2 Code Reader offers the features and functions you need to
take control of your vehicle’s testing, servicing and maintenance
needs.
helps you . . . .
■
Save time and money by locating and identifying problems
before servicing your vehicle
■
Access the same information your mechanic has - for less
■
Prevent future costly repairs and maintain engine performance with routine inspections
■
See if you’re ready for an emissions test (smog check)
■
Check your vehicle for road trip readiness
■
Turn off the “CHECK ENGINE” light
■
Inspect a used vehicle before buying or selling
. . . . and more!
OBD2
E3
1
Introduction
WHAT IS OBD?
WHAT IS OBD?
The OBD2 Code Reader is designed to work on all OBD 2
compliant vehicles. All 1996 and newer vehicles (cars, light
trucks and SUVs) sold in the United States are OBD 2 compliant.
One of the most exciting improvements in the
automobile industry was the addition of onboard diagnostics (OBD) on vehicles, or in
more basic terms, the computer that
activates the vehicle’s “CHECK ENGINE”
light. OBD 1 was designed to monitor
manufacturer-specific systems on vehicles built
from 1981 to 1995. Then came the development
of OBD 2, which is on all 1996 and newer vehicles sold in the U.S.
Like its predecessor, OBD 2 was adopted as part of a government
mandate to lower vehicle emissions. But what makes OBD 2 unique
is its universal application for all late model cars and trucks - domestic
and import. This sophisticated program in the vehicle’s main
computer system is designed to detect failures in a range of systems,
and can be accessed through a universal OBD 2 port, which is
usually found under the dashboard. For all OBD systems, if a
problem is found, the computer turns on the “CHECK ENGINE” light
to warn the driver, and sets a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) to
identify where the problem occurred. A special diagnostic tool, such
as the OBD2 Code Reader, is required to retrieve these codes, which
consumers and professionals use as a starting point for repairs.
To learn more about vehicle Computer Control Systems and
OBD 2, see COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS on page 27.
2
E4
OBD2
E5
45
04
P
44
■
Connect the Code Reader to the
vehicle’s test connector.
■
Turn the ignition key "On.”
■
DO NOT start the engine.
■
Turn the Code Reader “On” and press
the LINK button.
■
The Code Reader retrieves stored
codes and displays I/M Readiness
status.
■
Codes are displayed on the Code
Reader’s LCD display screen.
Easy To Define . . . .
■
OBD2
Locate fault code(s) in the Fault Code
Definition list.
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EASY TO USE - EASY TO VIEW - EASY TO DEFINE
You Can Do It!
Easy To Use . . . .
Easy To View . . . .
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3
Safety Precautions
SAFETY FIRST!
SAFETY FIRST!
To avoid personal injury, instrument damage and/or
damage to your vehicle; do not use the OBD2 Code Reader
before reading this manual.
This manual describes common test procedures used
by experienced service technicians. Many test
procedures require precautions to avoid accidents that
can result in personal injury, and/or damage to your
vehicle or test equipment. Always read your vehicle's service
manual and follow its safety precautions before and during
any test or service procedure. ALWAYS observe the
following general safety precautions:
When an engine is running, it produces carbon
monoxide, a toxic and poisonous gas. To prevent
serious injury or death from carbon monoxide
poisoning, operate the vehicle ONLY in a wellventilated area.
To protect your eyes from propelled objects as well as
hot or caustic liquids, always wear approved safety
eye protection.
When an engine is running, many parts (such as the
coolant fan, pulleys, fan belt etc.) turn at high speed.
To avoid serious injury, always be aware of moving
parts. Keep a safe distance from these parts as well as
other potentially moving objects.
Engine parts become very hot when the engine is
running. To prevent severe burns, avoid contact with
hot engine parts.
P RND L
Before starting an engine for testing or troubleshooting, make sure the parking brake is engaged. Put
the transmission in park (for automatic transmission)
or neutral (for manual transmission). Block the drive
wheels with suitable blocks.
Connecting or disconnecting test equipment when the
ignition is ON can damage test equipment and the
vehicle's electronic components. Turn the ignition OFF
before connecting the Code Reader to or
disconnecting the Code Reader from the vehicle’s Data
Link Connector (DLC).
4
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OBD2
Safety Precautions
SAFETY FIRST!
To prevent damage to the on-board computer when taking
vehicle electrical measurements, always use a digital
multimeter with at least 10 MegOhms of impedance.
The vehicle's battery produces highly flammable hydrogen
gas. To prevent an explosion, keep all sparks, heated items
and open flames away from the battery.
Don't wear loose clothing or jewelry when working on an
engine. Loose clothing can become caught in the fan,
pulleys, belts, etc. Jewelry is highly conductive, and can
cause a severe burn if it makes contact between a power
source and ground.
OBD2
E7
5
About the Code Reader
VEHICLES COVERED
VEHICLES COVERED
The OBD2 Code Reader is designed to work on all OBD 2 compliant
vehicles. All 1996 and newer vehicles (cars and light trucks) sold in
the United States are OBD 2 compliant.
Federal law requires that all 1996 and newer cars and light
trucks sold in the United States must be OBD 2 compliant;
this includes all Domestic, Asian and European vehicles.
Some 1994 and 1995 vehicles are OBD 2 compliant. To find out if a
1994 or 1995 vehicle is OBD 2 compliant, check the following:
1. The Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) Label. This
label is located under the hood or by the radiator of most vehicles. If
the vehicle is OBD 2 compliant, the label will state “OBD II Certified.”
VEHICLE EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION
ENGINE FAMILY
DISPLACEMENT
VEHICLE
MANUFACTURER
EFN2.6YBT2BA
2.6L
OBD II
CERTIFIED
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO U.S. EPA AND STATE
OF CALIFORNIA REGULATIONS APPLICABLE TO
1999 MODEL YEAR NEW TLEV PASSENGER CARS.
REFER TO SERVICE MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
TUNE-UP CONDITIONS: NORMAL OPERATING ENGINE TEMPERATURE,
ACCESSORIES OFF, COOLING FAN OFF, TRANSMISSION IN NEUTRAL
EXHAUST EMISSIONS STANDARDS
CERTIFICATION
IN-USE
SPARK PLUG
TYPE NGK BPRE-11
GAP: 1.1MM
OBD II
CERTIFIED
STANDARD CATEGORY
TLEV
TLEV INTERMEDIATE
CATALYST
2. Government Regulations require that
all OBD 2 compliant vehicles must
have a “common” sixteen-pin Data
Link Connector (DLC).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10111213141516
Some 1994 and 1995 vehicles have 16-pin connectors but
are not OBD 2 compliant. Only those vehicles with a Vehicle
Emissions Control Label stating “OBD II Certified” are OBD
2 compliant.
Beginning in 2003, a very limited number of manufacturers
(including Ford, General Motors, Mazda and Saab) began
using a new computer protocol called Controller Area
Network (CAN) on some OBD 2 vehicles. In basic terms,
CAN allows manufacturers to increase and diversify the
speed at which the computer communicates with different
systems in the vehicle. CAN will be mandatory on all cars by
2008. In the unlikely event that you have a CAN vehicle,
please contact our technical service department for more
information.
6
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OBD2
About the Code Reader
BATTERY REPLACEMENT
Data Link Connector (DLC) Location
The 16-pin DLC is usually
located under the instrument
panel (dash), within 12 inches
(300 mm) of center of the
panel, on the driver’s side of
most vehicles. It should be
easily accessible and visible
from a kneeling position
outside the vehicle with the
door open.
LEFT CORNER
OF DASH
NEAR
CENTER
OF DASH
BEHIND
ASHTRAY
On some Asian and European vehicles the DLC is located
behind the “ashtray” (the ashtray must be removed to
access it) or on the far left corner of the dash. If the DLC
cannot be located, consult the vehicle’s service manual for
the location.
BATTERY REPLACEMENT
1. Locate the battery cover on the back of the Code Reader.
2. Lift the battery cover off (use your finger or a small coin).
3. Replace batteries with three AAA-size batteries (for longer life, use
Alkaline-type batteries).
4. Reinstall the battery cover on the back of the Code Reader.
OBD2
E9
7
About the Code Reader
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
5
1
4
2
3
6
Figure 1. Controls and Indicators
See Figure 1 for the locations of items 1 through 9, below.
1.
ERASE button - Erases Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
and "Freeze Frame" data from your vehicle's computer, and resets
Monitor status.
2.
SCROLL button - Scrolls the LCD display to view DTCs
when more than one DTC is present.
3.
LINK button - Links the Code Reader with the vehicle's PCM
to retrieve DTCs from the computer's memory, and to view I/M
Readiness Monitor status.
4.
POWER button - Turns the Code Reader "On" and "Off.”
5. LCD Display - Displays test results, Code Reader functions and
Monitor status information. See DISPLAY FUNCTIONS, below, for
details.
6. CABLE - Connects the Code Reader to the vehicle's Data Link
Connector (DLC).
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OBD2
About the Code Reader
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS
See Figure 2 for the locations of items 1 through 13, below.
13
12
11
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
10
9
8
Figure 2. Display Functions
1. MONITOR icon - Identifies the Monitor icon area.
2. RUN icon - Indicates the Monitor RUN status of all Monitors on the
vehicle under test.
3. DONE icon - When visible, indicates that all the Monitors on the
vehicle under test have run and completed their diagnostic testing.
DONE is only visible when all Monitors have finished their testing.
The MONITOR and DONE icons are associated with
INSPECTION and MAINTENANCE (I/M) READINESS
STATUS. Some states require that all vehicle Monitors
have run and completed their diagnostic testing before a
vehicle can be tested for Emissions (Smog Check).
4.
Link icon - Indicates whether or not the Code Reader is communicating (linked) with the vehicle's on-board computer. When
visible, the Code Reader is communicating with the computer. If
the Link icon is not visible, the Code Reader is not communicating
with the computer.
5.
Vehicle icon - Indicates whether or not the Code Reader is
being properly powered through the vehicle's Data Link Connector
(DLC). A visible icon indicates that the Code Reader is being
powered through the vehicle's DLC connector.
6.
Computer icon - This function is reserved for future
expansion to a computer link.
7.
Code Reader Internal Battery icon - When visible, indicates
the Code Reader’s batteries are "low" and should be replaced.
8. DTC Display Area - Displays the Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
number. Each fault is assigned a code number that is specific to
that fault.
OBD2
E11
9
About the Code Reader
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS
9. Pending icon - Indicates the currently displayed DTC is a
"Pending" code.
10. Code Number Sequence - The Code Reader assigns a
sequence number to each DTC that is present in the computer's
memory, starting with "01.” This helps keep track of the number
of DTCs present in the computer's memory. Code number "01" is
always the highest priority code, and the one for which "Freeze
Frame" data has been stored.
If "01" is a "Pending" code, no "Freeze Frame" data is
stored in memory.
11. CODE icon - Identifies the Code Number Sequence display area.
12. MIL icon - Indicates the status of the Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(MIL). The MIL icon is visible only when a DTC has commanded
the MIL on the vehicle's dashboard to light.
13. Monitor icons - Indicates which Monitors are supported by the
vehicle under test, and whether or not the associated Monitor has
run its diagnostic testing (Monitor status). When a Monitor icon is
solid, it indicates that the associated Monitor has completed its
diagnostic testing. When a Monitor icon is flashing, it indicates
that the vehicle supports the associated Monitor, but the Monitor
has not yet run its diagnostic testing.
To learn more about Monitors, what they do, and how they
work, see OBD 2 MONITORS on page 35.
A maximum of eleven Monitors are used
on OBD 2 systems. Not all vehicles support
all eleven Monitors. When the Code Reader
is linked to a vehicle, only the icons for
Monitors that are supported by the vehicle
under test are visible on the display.
Following is a list of Monitor icons and their associated
Monitors.
10
E12
=
Misfire Monitor
=
Fuel System Monitor
=
Comprehensive Component Monitor
=
Catalyst Monitor
OBD2
About the Code Reader
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS
OBD2
E13
=
Heated Catalyst Monitor
=
Evaporative System Monitor
=
Secondary Air System Monitor
=
Air Conditioning System Refrigerant (R-12)
Monitor
=
Oxygen Sensor Monitor
=
Oxygen Sensor Heater Monitor
=
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Monitor
11
Preparation for Testing
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
The OBD2 Code Reader aids
in monitoring electronic- and
emissions-related faults in
your vehicle and retrieving
fault codes related to
malfunctions in these systems. Mechanical problems
such as low oil level or damaged hoses, wiring or electrical
connectors can cause poor engine performance and may also cause
a "false" fault code. Fix any known mechanical problems before
performing any test. See your vehicle's service manual or a mechanic
for more information.
Check the following areas before starting any test:
12
E14
■
Check the engine oil, power steering fluid, transmission fluid (if
applicable), engine coolant and other fluids for proper levels.
Top off low fluid levels if needed.
■
Make sure the air filter is clean and in good condition. Make sure
all air filter ducts are properly connected. Check the air filter ducts
for holes, rips or cracks.
■
Make sure all engine belts are in good condition. Check for
cracked, torn, brittle, loose or missing belts.
■
Make sure mechanical linkages to engine sensors (throttle,
gearshift position, transmission, etc.) are secure and properly
connected. See your vehicle's service manual for locations.
■
Check all rubber hoses (radiator) and steel hoses (vacuum/fuel)
for leaks, cracks, blockage or other damage. Make sure all hoses
are routed and connected properly.
■
Make sure all spark plugs are clean and in good condition. Check
for damaged, loose, disconnected or missing spark plug wires.
■
Make sure the battery terminals are clean and tight. Check for
corrosion or broken connections. Check for proper battery and
charging system voltages.
■
Check all electrical wiring and harnesses for proper connection.
Make sure wire insulation is in good condition, and there are no
bare wires.
■
Make sure the engine is mechanically sound. If needed, perform a
compression check, engine vacuum check, timing check (if
applicable), etc.
OBD2
Preparation for Testing
VEHICLE SERVICE MANUALS
VEHICLE SERVICE MANUALS
Always refer to the manufacturer's service manual for your vehicle
before performing any test or repair procedures. Contact your local
car dealership, auto parts store or bookstore for availability of these
manuals. The following companies publish valuable repair manuals:
■
Haynes Publications
861 Lawrence Drive
Newbury Park, California 91320
Phone: 800-442-9637
Web: www.haynes.com
■
Mitchell 1
14145 Danielson Street
Poway, California 92064
Phone: 888-724-6742
Web: www.m1products.com
■
Motor Publications
5600 Crooks Road, Suite 200
Troy, Michigan 48098
Phone: 800-426-6867
Web: www.motor.com
FACTORY SOURCES
Ford, GM, Chrysler, Honda, Isuzu, Hyundai and Subaru Service
Manuals
■
OBD2
E15
Helm Inc.
14310 Hamilton Avenue
Highland Park, Michigan 48203
Phone: 800-782-4356
Web: www.helminc.com
13
Preparation for Testing
PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSIS WORKSHEET
PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSIS WORKSHEET
The purpose of this form is to help you gather preliminary information
on your vehicle before you retrieve codes. By having a complete
account of your vehicle's current problem(s), you will be able to
systematically pinpoint the problem(s) by comparing your answers to
the fault codes you retrieve. You can also provide this information to
your mechanic to assist in diagnosis and help avoid costly and
unnecessary repairs. It is important for you to complete this form to help
you and/or your mechanic have a clear understanding of your vehicle's
problems.
NAME:
DATE:
VIN*:
YEAR:
MAKE:
MODEL:
ENGINE SIZE:
VEHICLE MILEAGE:
*VIN: Vehicle Identification Number, found at the base of the
windshield on a metallic plate, or at the driver door latch area (consult
your vehicle owner's manual for location).
TRANSMISSION:
❑ Automatic
❑ Manual
Please check all applicable items in each category.
DESCRIBE THE PROBLEM:
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OBD2
Preparation for Testing
PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSIS WORKSHEET
WHEN DID YOU FIRST NOTICE THE PROBLEM:
❑
❑
❑
❑
Just Started
Started Last Week
Started Last Month
Other:
LIST ANY REPAIRS DONE IN THE PAST SIX MONTHS:
PROBLEMS STARTING
❑ No symptoms
❑ Will not crank
❑ Cranks, but will not start
❑ Starts, but takes a long time
ENGINE QUITS OR STALLS
❑ No symptoms
❑ Right after starting
❑ When shifting into gear
❑ During steady-speed driving
❑
❑
❑
❑
IDLING CONDITIONS
❑ No symptoms
❑ Is too slow at all times
❑ Is too fast
❑ Is sometimes too fast or too slow
❑ Is rough or uneven
❑ Fluctuates up and down
RUNNING CONDITIONS
❑ No symptoms
❑ Runs rough
❑ Lacks power
❑ Bucks and jerks
❑ Poor fuel economy
❑ Hesitates or stumbles on
❑
❑
❑
❑
❑
Right after vehicle comes to a stop
While idling
During acceleration
When parking
Backfires
Misfires or cuts out
Engine knocks, pings or rattles
Surges
Dieseling or run-on
accelerations
OBD2
E17
15
Preparation for Testing
PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSIS WORKSHEET
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION PROBLEMS (if applicable)
❑ No symptoms
❑ Vehicle does not move when in
❑ Shifts too early or too late
gear
❑ Changes gear incorrectly
❑ Jerks or bucks
PROBLEM OCCURS
❑ Morning
❑ Afternoon
❑ Anytime
ENGINE TEMPERATURE WHEN PROBLEM OCCURS
❑ Cold
❑ Warm
❑ Hot
DRIVING CONDITIONS WHEN PROBLEM OCCURS
❑ Short - less than 2 miles
❑ With headlights on
❑ 2 - 10 miles
❑ During acceleration
❑ Long - more than 10 miles
❑ Mostly driving downhill
❑ Stop and go
❑ Mostly driving uphill
❑ While turning
❑ Mostly driving level
❑ While braking
❑ Mostly driving curvy roads
❑ At gear engagement
❑ Mostly driving rough roads
❑ With A/C operating
DRIVING HABITS
❑ Mostly city driving
❑ Highway
❑ Park vehicle inside
❑ Park vehicle outside
GASOLINE USED
❑ 87 Octane
❑ 89 Octane
❑ Drive less than 10 miles per day
❑ Drive 10 to 50 miles per day
❑ Drive more than 50 miles per day
❑ 91 Octane
❑ More than 91 Octane
WEATHER CONDITIONS WHEN PROBLEM OCCURS
❑ 32 - 55° F (0 - 13° C)
❑ Above 55° F (13° C)
❑ Below freezing (32° F / 0° C)
CHECK ENGINE LIGHT / DASH WARNING LIGHT
❑ Sometimes ON
❑ Never ON
PECULIAR SMELLS
❑ "Hot"
❑ Sulfur ("rotten egg")
❑ Burning rubber
❑ Gasoline
❑ Burning oil
❑ Electrical
STRANGE NOISES
❑ Rattle
❑ Knock
❑ Squeak
❑ Other
16
E18
❑ Always ON
OBD2
Using the Code Reader
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
Retrieving and using Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) for
troubleshooting vehicle operation is only one part of an
overall diagnostic strategy.
Never replace a part based only on the DTC definition.
Each DTC has a set of testing procedures, instructions
and flow charts that must be followed to confirm the
location of the problem. This information is found in the
vehicle's service manual. Always refer to the vehicle's
service manual for detailed testing instructions.
Check your vehicle thoroughly before performing
any test. See Preparation for Testing on page 12
for details.
ALWAYS observe safety precautions whenever working on
a vehicle. See Safety Precautions on page 4 for more
information.
1. Turn the ignition off.
2. Locate the vehicle's 16-pin Data Link
Connector (DLC). See page 7 for
connector location.
Some DLCs have a plastic cover
that must be removed before
connecting the Code Reader
cable connector.
3. Connect the Code Reader cable
connector to the vehicle's DLC. The
cable connector is keyed and will only
fit one way.
■
If you have problems connecting the cable connector to the
DLC, rotate the connector 180° and try again.
If you still have problems, check the DLC on the vehicle and on
the Code Reader. Refer to your vehicle's service manual to
properly check the vehicle's DLC.
■
After the Code Reader’s test connector is properly connected to
the vehicle's DLC, the Vehicle icon
should display to
confirm a good power connection.
■
If a power error (ErPr) message is shown on the Code Reader’s
LCD display, it indicates there is no power at the vehicle's DLC.
Check your fuse panel and replace any burned-out fuses.
If replacing the fuse(s) does not correct the problem, see your
vehicle's repair manual to locate the proper computer (PCM)
fuse/circuit. Perform any necessary repairs before continuing.
OBD2
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Using the Code Reader
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
4. Turn the ignition on. DO NOT start the
engine.
5. Press and release the LINK
button.
■
The LCD display will show "rEAd.”
■
After 4-5 seconds, the Code Reader
will retrieve and display any
Diagnostic Trouble Codes that are in
the vehicle's computer memory.
■
If an error message (Err, Err1 or
Err2) is shown on the Code
Reader’s LCD display, it indicates
there is a communication problem.
This means that the Code Reader is
unable to communicate with the
vehicle's computer. Do the following:
- Turn the ignition key off, wait 5
seconds and turn the key back on to reset the computer.
- Make sure your vehicle is OBD 2 compliant. See VEHICLES
COVERED on page 6 for vehicle compliance verification
information.
6. Read the Diagnostic Trouble Code on the LCD display.
■
If the code retrieved is a pending code, the PENDING icon will
show on the LCD display.
The Code Reader will automatically re-link to the
vehicle's computer every 15 seconds to refresh the
data being retrieved. When data is being refreshed, a
single beep will sound, and "rEAd" will be shown on
the LCD display for 5-6 seconds. The Code Reader
will then beep twice and return to displaying codes.
This action repeats as long as is in communication
with the vehicle's computer.
The Code Reader will display a code only if codes are
present in the vehicle's computer memory. If no codes
are present, a "0" will be displayed. The Code Reader
is capable of retrieving and storing up to 32 codes in
memory, for immediate or later viewing.
7. If more than one code is present, press and release the SCROLL
button, as necessary, to display additional codes.
■
18
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Whenever the SCROLL function is used to view additional
codes, the Code Reader’s communication link with the vehicle's
computer disconnects. To re-establish communication, press
the LINK
button again.
OBD2
Using the Code Reader
ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
8. If codes were retrieved, you can choose to:
■
Fix the problem yourself: If you choose to fix the problem
yourself, read and follow all of the vehicle service manual’s
recommendations and procedures.
■
Take your vehicle to an Automotive Service Center for repair:
Take your vehicle, a copy of the completed Preliminary Vehicle
Diagnosis Worksheet (see page 14) and codes retrieved to your
technician for evaluation. This will show your technician that you
are an informed motorist and will also assist him in pinpointing the
location of the problem as a starting point for needed repairs.
9. To prolong battery life, the Code Reader automatically turns "Off"
approximately one minute after it is disconnected from the vehicle.
Retrieved codes remain in the Code Reader’s memory, and may
be viewed at any time by turning the unit "On.” If the Code
Reader’s batteries are removed, or if the COde Reader is relinked to a vehicle to retrieve codes, any codes currently in its
memory are automatically cleared.
Refer to page 42 for Diagnostic Trouble Code definitions. Match the
retrieved DTC(s) with those listed. Read the associated definition(s),
and see the vehicle's service manual for further evaluation.
ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
When the Code Reader’s ERASE function is used to
erase the DTCs from the vehicle's on-board computer,
"Freeze Frame" data and manufacturer-specific
enhanced data are also erased.
If you plan to take the vehicle to a Service Center for repair, DO NOT
erase the codes from the vehicle's computer. If the codes are erased,
valuable information that might help the technician troubleshoot the
problem will also be erased.
Erase DTCs from the computer's memory as follows:
When DTCs are erased from the vehicle's computer
memory, the I/M Readiness Monitor Status program resets
status of all the Monitors to a not run "flashing" condition. To
set all of the Monitors to a DONE status, an OBD 2 Drive
Cycle must be performed. Refer to your vehicle's service
manual for information on how to perform an OBD 2 Drive
Cycle for the vehicle under test.
1. If not connected already, connect the
Code Reader to the vehicle's DLC, and
turn the ignition "On.” (If the Code Reader
is already connected and linked to the
vehicle's computer, proceed directly to
step 4. If not, continue to step 2.)
OBD2
E21
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Using the Code Reader
I/M READINESS TESTING
2. Press the Code Reader’s POWER
button to turn the Code Reader "On.”
3. Turn the ignition on. DO NOT start the
engine. Press and release the Code
Reader’s LINK
button to establish
communication with the vehicle's
computer.
4. Press and release the Code Reader’s
ERASE
button. The LCD display
will indicate "SurE" for your confirmation.
■ If you change your mind and do not
wish to erase the codes, press the
LINK
button to return to the
code retrieval function.
■
If you wish to continue, press and
hold the ERASE
button until
the LCD display indicates "dOnE.”
When "dOnE" shows on the LCD
display, all retrievable information,
including DTCs, has been cleared
from the computer’s memory.
Erasing DTCs does not fix the problem(s) that caused the
code(s) to be set. If proper repairs to correct the problem
that caused the code(s) to be set are not made, the code(s)
will appear again (and the check engine light will illuminate)
as soon as the vehicle is driven long enough for its Monitors
to complete their testing.
I/M READINESS TESTING
I/M is an Inspection and Maintenance program legislated by the
Government to meet federal clean-air standards.
The program requires that a vehicle be taken periodically to an
Emissions Station for an "Emissions Test" or "Smog Check,” where
the emissions-related components and systems are inspected and
tested for proper operation. Emissions Tests are generally performed
once a year, or once every two years.
On OBD 2 systems, the I/M program is enhanced by requiring vehicles
to meet stricter test standards. One of the tests instituted by the Federal
Government is called I/M 240. On I/M 240, the vehicle under test is
driven under different speeds and load conditions on a dynamometer for
240 seconds, while the vehicle's emissions are measured.
20
E22
OBD2
Using the Code Reader
I/M READINESS TESTING
Emissions tests vary depending on the geographic or
regional area in which the vehicle is registered. If the vehicle
is registered in a highly urbanized area, the I/M 240 is
probably the type of test required. If the vehicle is registered
in a rural area, the stricter “dynamometer type” test may not
be required.
I/M Readiness Monitors
I/M Readiness shows whether the various emissions-related systems
on the vehicle are operating properly and are ready for Inspection
and Maintenance testing.
State and Federal Governments enacted Regulations, Procedures
and Emission Standards to ensure that all emissions-related
components and systems are continuously or periodically
monitored, tested and diagnosed whenever the vehicle is in
operation. It also requires vehicle manufacturers to automatically
detect and report any problems or faults that may increase the
vehicle's emissions to an unacceptable level.
The vehicle's emissions control system consists of several
components or sub-systems (Oxygen Sensor, Catalytic Converter,
EGR, Fuel System, etc.) that aid in reducing vehicle emissions.
To have an efficient Vehicle Emission Control System, all the
emissions-related components and systems must work correctly
whenever the vehicle is in operation.
To comply with State and Federal Government regulations, vehicle
manufacturers designed a series of special computer programs called
"Monitors" that are programmed into the vehicle's computer. Each of
these Monitors is specifically designed to run tests and diagnostics on
a specific emissions-related component or system (Oxygen Sensor,
Catalytic Converter, EGR Valve, Fuel System, etc.) to ensure their
proper operation. Currently, there are a maximum of eleven Monitors
available for use.
To learn more about Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
(I/M) Readiness Monitors, see OBD 2 MONITORS on page 36.
Each Monitor has a specific function to test
and diagnose only its designated emissionsrelated component or system. The names of
the Monitors (Oxygen Sensor Monitor, Catalyst
Monitor, EGR Monitor, Misfire Monitor, etc.)
describe which component or system each Monitor
is designed to test and diagnose.
OBD2
E23
21
Using the Code Reader
I/M READINESS TESTING
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance (I/M) Readiness
Monitor Status Information
I/M Readiness Monitor Status indicates which of the vehicle's
Monitors have run and completed diagnosis and testing of their
designated sections of the vehicle's emissions/engine systems, and
which ones have not yet completed their diagnosis and testing.
■
If a Monitor was able to meet all the conditions required to enable it to
perform and complete the self-diagnosis and testing of its designated
emissions/engine system, it means the monitor "HAS RUN."
■
If a Monitor has not yet met all the conditions required for it to perform
and complete the self-diagnosis and testing of its designated
emissions/engine system; it means the Monitor "HAS NOT RUN."
The Monitor Run/Not Run status does not show
whether or not a problem exists in a system. Monitor
status only indicates whether a particular Monitor has
or has not run and performed the self-diagnosis and
testing of its associated system.
Performing I/M Readiness Quick Check
When a vehicle first comes from the factory, all Monitors
indicate a DONE status. The DONE status remains in the
computer's memory, unless the Diagnostic Trouble Codes
are erased or the vehicle's computer memory is cleared.
The Code Reader allows you to retrieve Monitor/System Status
Information to help you determine if the vehicle is ready for an
Emissions Test (Smog Check). In addition to retrieving Diagnostic
Trouble Codes, the Code Reader also retrieves Monitor Run/Not Run
status. This information is very important since different areas of the
state/country have different emissions laws and regulations concerning
Monitor Run/Not Run status.
Before an Emissions Test (Smog Check) can be performed, your
vehicle must meet certain rules, requirements and procedures
legislated by the Federal and state (country) governments where you
live.
1. In most areas, one of the requirements that must be met before a
vehicle is allowed to be Emissions Tested (Smog Checked) is that
the vehicle does not have any Diagnostic Trouble Codes present
(with the exception of PENDING Diagnostic Trouble Codes).
22
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OBD2
Using the Code Reader
I/M READINESS TESTING
2. In addition to the requirement that no Diagnostic Trouble Codes be
present, some areas also require that all the Monitors that a
particular vehicle supports indicate a "Has Run" status condition
before an Emissions Check may be performed.
3. Other areas may only require that some (but not all) Monitors
indicate a "Has Run" status before an Emissions Test (Smog
Check) may be performed.
Monitors with a "Has Run" status (Solid Monitor Icons)
indicate that all the required conditions needed to
perform diagnosis and testing of their designated
emissions/engine systems have been met, and all
diagnostic testing has completed successfully.
Monitors with a "Has Not Run" status (Flashing Monitor
Icons) indicate that they have not yet met the
conditions needed to perform diagnosis and testing of
their designated emissions/engine systems.
The Monitor Run/Not Run status does not show
whether or not a problem exists in a system. Monitor
status only indicates whether a particular Monitor has
or has not run and completed the self-diagnosis and
testing of its designated emissions/engine system.
Perform the Code Retrieval Procedure as described on page 17, then
proceed to "Interpreting I/M Readiness Test Results".
Interpreting I/M Readiness Test Results
1. If all Monitor Icons are solid and there
are Zero DTC's present in the vehicle's
computer (as shown on the Code
Reader's display), this indicates that all
engine systems monitored by the
vehicle's PCM (computer) are "OK" and
operating normally, and all Monitors
supported by the vehicle "Have Run" and completed their selfdiagnosis and testing. A vehicle that displays this kind of test
results is ready for an Emissions Test (Smog Check), and there is
a very good possibility that it will pass and be certified.
2. If test results indicate there are Zero
DTC's present in the vehicle's computer,
but one or more Monitor icons are
flashing on the Code Reader's display,
this indicates that some of the Monitors
"Have Not yet Run" and completed their
self-diagnosis and testing. For vehicles
displaying this type of test results, some States/areas might still
allow an Emissions Test (Smog Check) to proceed and a
OBD2
E25
23
Using the Code Reader
I/M READINESS TESTING
certificate to be issued. Check with the local emission
authorities/professionals in your area to see if an Emissions Test
can still be performed and a certificate issued even if some of the
Monitors "Have Not Run" and completed their assigned self-tests.
3. If all the Monitors Icons supported by
the vehicle are solid indicating that they
"Have Run" and completed their self
diagnosis and testing, but there are
some pending or non-emission related
DTC's present as indicated by the Code
Reader's display (a "pending" DTC and
a "non-emission" related DTC will not illuminate the MIL), most
States/Areas will allow an Emissions Test to be performed and a
certificate to be issued if the only DTC's present on a vehicle are
pending and/or non-emission related codes.
4. If all the Monitors are solid indicating
that they 'Have Run' and completed
their self-diagnosis and testing, but
there are emission related stored (hard)
DTC's present (MIL ON), this indicates
there is a problem in one or more of the
vehicle's systems. A vehicle displaying
these results is not ready for an Emissions Test, and the
problem(s) that are causing DTC's to set and the MIL to illuminate
must be repaired before an Emissions Test can be performed
and/or a certificate can be issued.
Using the I/M Readiness Monitor Status to Confirm a Repair
The I/M Readiness Monitor Status function can be used (after repair
of a fault has been performed) to confirm that the repair has been
performed correctly, and/or to check for Monitor Run Status. Use the
following procedure to determine I/M Readiness Monitor Status:
1. Using retrieved Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) and code
definitions as a guide, and following manufacturer's repair
procedures, repair the fault or faults as instructed.
2. After the fault or faults have been repaired, connect the Code
Reader to the vehicle's DLC and erase the code or codes from the
vehicle's computer memory.
24
E26
■
See page 19 for procedures to erase DTCs from the vehicle's
on-board computer.
■
Write the codes down on a piece of paper for reference before
erasing.
OBD2
Using the Code Reader
WHAT’S NEXT?
3. After the erase procedure is performed, most of the Monitor icons
on the Code Reader’s LCD display will be flashing. Leave the
Code Reader connected to the vehicle, and perform a Trip Drive
Cycle for each "flashing" Monitor:
Misfire, Fuel and Comprehensive Component Monitors run
continuously and their icons will always be on solid, even
after the erase function is performed.
■
Each DTC is associated with a specific Monitor. Consult the
vehicle's service manual to identify the Monitor (or Monitors)
associated with the faults that were repaired. Follow the
manufacturer's procedures to perform a Trip Drive Cycle for the
appropriate Monitors.
■
While observing the Monitor icons on the LCD display, perform
a Trip Drive Cycle for the appropriate Monitor or Monitors.
WARNING: If the vehicle needs to be driven in order to
perform a Trip Drive Cycle, ALWAYS have a second
person help you. One person should drive the vehicle
while the other person observes the Monitor icons for
Monitor RUN status. Trying to drive and observe the
Code Reader at the same time is dangerous, and could
cause a serious traffic accident.
4. When a Monitor's Trip Drive Cycle is performed properly, the
Monitor icon on the Code Reader’s LCD display changes from
"flashing" to "solid,” indicating that the Monitor has run and finished
its diagnostic testing.
■
If, after the Monitor has run, the MIL on the vehicle's dash is not
lit, and no codes associated with that particular Monitor are
present in the vehicle's computer, the repair was successful.
■
If, after the Monitor has run, the MIL on the vehicle's dash lights
and/or a DTC associated with that Monitor is present in the
vehicle's computer, the repair was unsuccessful. Refer to the
vehicle's service manual and recheck repair procedures.
WHAT’S NEXT?
When checking your vehicle for road trip readiness:
E27
■
If no DTCs are retrieved, and all of the vehicle's emission monitors
have completed their diagnostic testing, it indicates that all
engine/emission systems monitored by the vehicle's PCM
(computer) are OK and operating normally. Always BE SURE to
check fluid levels, tire pressure, etc., before any prolonged travel.
■
If a “Pending” DTC is present and/or some of the vehicle's
emission monitors have not run their diagnostic testing. Further
testing and evaluation may be needed to determine your vehicle’s
“road trip readiness.
OBD2
25
Using the Code Reader
WHAT’S NEXT?
■
If DTCs are retrieved, it indicates there is a problem with one or
more of the vehicle's systems. The vehicle should be
inspected/repaired before driving the vehicle further.
When checking to see if your vehicle is ready for an Emissions
Test (Smog Check):
■
See "Performing I/M Readiness Quick Check" on page 22.
When inspecting a used vehicle before buying or selling:
■
If no DTCs are retrieved and all of the vehicle’s emission monitors
have completed their diagnostic testing, it indicates that all
emissions-related systems are "OK" and operating normally.
Always BE SURE to check other vehicle systems NOT covered by
the Code Reader (transmission, brakes, etc.) as well as the
vehicle’s service record before buying or selling a vehicle.
■
If a “Pending” DTC is present and/or some of the vehicle's
emission monitors have not run their diagnostic testing. Further
testing and evaluation may be needed to determine the vehicle’s
actual condition.
■
If DTCs are retrieved, it indicates there is a problem with one or
more of the vehicle's systems. It is recommended that you take the
vehicle to aqualified service technician for further diagnosis.
If no codes were retrieved, and all your vehicle’s Monitors show a
“Has Run” status, you’re “good to go.” You can feel confident that:
26
E28
■
The systems and components monitored by your vehicle’s onboard computer are in good working order and running properly.
■
The vehicle should pass an Emissions Test (Smog Check).
OBD2
Learning More
COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS
COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS
The Introduction of Electronic Engine Controls
Electronic Computer Control Systems make it possible
for vehicle manufacturers to comply with the tougher
emissions and fuel efficiency standards mandated by
State and Federal Governments.
As a result of increased air pollution (smog) in large
cities, such as Los Angeles, the California Air Resources
Board (CARB) and the Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) set new regulations and air pollution standards to
deal with the problem. To further complicate matters, the
energy crisis of the early 1970s caused a sharp increase in
fuel prices over a short period. As a result, vehicle
manufacturers were not only required to comply with the new
emissions standards, they also had to make their vehicles more fuelefficient. Most vehicles were required to meet a miles-per-gallon
(MPG) standard set by the U.S. Federal Government.
Precise fuel delivery and spark timing are needed to reduce vehicle
emissions. Mechanical engine controls in use at the time (such as
ignition points, mechanical spark advance and the carburetor)
responded too slowly to driving conditions to properly control fuel
delivery and spark timing. This made it difficult for vehicle
manufacturers to meet the new standards.
A new Engine Control System had to be designed and integrated with
the engine controls to meet the stricter standards. The new system
had to:
■
Respond instantly to supply the proper mixture of air and fuel for
any driving condition (idle, cruising, low-speed driving, high-speed
driving, etc.).
■
Calculate instantly the best time to "ignite" the air/fuel mixture for
maximum engine efficiency.
■
Perform both these tasks without affecting vehicle performance or
fuel economy.
Vehicle Computer Control Systems can perform millions of
calculations each second. This makes them an ideal substitute for the
slower mechanical engine controls. By switching from mechanical to
electronic engine controls, vehicle manufacturers are able to control
fuel delivery and spark timing more precisely. Some newer Computer
Control Systems also provide control over other vehicle functions,
such as transmission, brakes, charging, body, and suspension
systems.
OBD2
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Learning More
COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS
The Basic Engine Computer Control System
The Computer Control System consists of an on-board
computer and several related control devices (sensors,
switches, and actuators).
The on-board computer is the heart of the Computer
Control System. The computer contains several programs
with preset reference values for air/fuel ratio, spark or
ignition timing, injector pulse width, engine speed, etc.
Separate values are provided for various driving conditions,
such as idle, low speed driving, high-speed driving, low load,
or high load. The preset reference values represent the ideal
air/fuel mixture, spark timing, transmission gear selection,
etc., for any driving condition. These values are programmed
by the vehicle manufacturer, and are specific to each vehicle model.
Most on-board computers are located inside the vehicle behind the
dashboard, under the passenger's or driver's seat, or behind the right
kick panel. However, some manufacturers may still position it in the
engine compartment.
Vehicle sensors, switches, and actuators are located throughout the
engine, and are connected by electrical wiring to the on-board
computer. These devices include oxygen sensors, coolant
temperature sensors, throttle position sensors, fuel injectors, etc.
Sensors and switches are input devices. They provide signals
representing current engine operating conditions to the computer.
Actuators are output devices. They perform actions in response to
commands received from the computer.
The on-board computer receives information inputs from sensors and
switches located throughout the engine. These devices monitor
critical engine conditions such as coolant temperature, engine speed,
engine load, throttle position, air/fuel ratio etc.
TYPICAL COMPUTER
CONTROL SYSTEM
OUTPUT DEVICES
Fuel Injectors
Idle Air Control
EGR Valve
Ignition Module
On-Board
Computer
INPUT DEVICES
Coolant Temperature Sensor
Throttle Position Sensor
Fuel Injectors
28
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INPUT DEVICES
Oxygen Sensors
OBD2
Learning More
COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS
The computer compares the values received from these sensors with
its preset reference values, and makes corrective actions as needed
so that the sensor values always match the preset reference values
for the current driving condition. The computer makes adjustments by
commanding other devices such as the fuel injectors, idle air control,
EGR valve or Ignition Module to perform these actions.
Vehicle operating conditions are constantly changing. The computer
continuously makes adjustments or corrections (especially to the
air/fuel mixture and spark timing) to keep all the engine systems
operating within the preset reference values.
On-Board Diagnostics - First Generation (OBD 1)
With the exception of some 1994 and 1995 vehicles,
most vehicles from 1982 to 1995 are equipped with
OBD 1 systems.
Beginning in 1988, California's Air Resources Board
(CARB), and later the Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) required vehicle manufacturers to include a selfdiagnostic program in their on-board computers. The
program would be capable of identifying emissions-related
faults in a system. The first generation of Onboard
Diagnostics came to be known as OBD 1.
OBD 1 is a set of self-testing and diagnostic instructions programmed
into the vehicle's on-board computer. The programs are specifically
designed to detect failures in the sensors, actuators, switches and
wiring of the various vehicle emissions-related systems. If the
computer detects a failure in any of these components or systems, it
lights an indicator on the dashboard to alert the driver. The indicator
lights only when an emissions-related problem is detected.
The computer also assigns a numeric code for each specific problem
that it detects, and stores these codes in its memory for later retrieval.
These codes can be retrieved from the computer's memory with the
use of a "Code Reader" or a "Scan Tool.”
OBD2
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Learning More
COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS
On-Board Diagnostics - Second Generation (OBD 2)
In addition to performing all the
functions of the OBD 1 System, the
The OBD 2 System is an
OBD 2 System has been enhanced
enhancement of the
with new Diagnostic Programs. These
OBD 1 System.
programs closely monitor the
functions of various emissions-related
components and systems (as well as
other systems) and make this information readily
available (with the proper equipment) to the technician for
evaluation.
The California Air Resources Board (CARB) conducted
studies on OBD 1 equipped vehicles. The information that
was gathered from these studies showed the following:
■
A large number of vehicles had deteriorating or degraded
emissions-related components. These components were causing
an increase in emissions.
■
Because OBD 1 systems only detect failed components, the
degraded components were not setting codes.
■
Some emissions problems related to degraded components only
occur when the vehicle is being driven under a load. The emission
checks being conducted at the time were not performed under
simulated driving conditions. As a result, a significant number of
vehicles with degraded components were passing Emissions
Tests.
■
Codes, code definitions, diagnostic connectors, communication
protocols and emissions terminology were different for each
manufacturer. This caused confusion for the technicians working
on different make and model vehicles.
To address the problems made evident by this study, CARB and the
EPA passed new laws and standardization requirements. These laws
required that vehicle manufacturers to equip their new vehicles with
devices capable of meeting all of the new emissions standards and
regulations. It was also decided that an enhanced on-board
diagnostic system, capable of addressing all of these problems, was
needed. This new system is known as "On-Board Diagnostics
Generation Two (OBD 2).” The primary objective of the OBD 2
system is to comply with the latest regulations and emissions
standards established by CARB and the EPA.
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OBD2
Learning More
COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS
The Main Objectives of the OBD 2 System are:
■
To detect degraded and/or failed emissions-related components or
systems that could cause tailpipe emissions to exceed by 1.5
times the Federal Test Procedure (FTP) standard.
■
To expand emissions-related system monitoring. This includes a
set of computer run diagnostics called Monitors. Monitors perform
diagnostics and testing to verify that all emissions-related
components and/or systems are operating correctly and within the
manufacturer's specifications.
■
To use a standardized Diagnostic Link Connector (DLC) in all
vehicles. (Before OBD 2, DLCs were of different shapes and
sizes.)
■
To standardize the code numbers, code definitions and language
used to describe faults. (Before OBD 2, each vehicle manufacturer
used their own code numbers, code definitions and language to
describe the same faults.)
■
To expand the operation of the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL).
■
To standardize communication procedures and protocols between
the diagnostic equipment (Scan Tools, Code Readers etc.) and the
vehicle's on-board computer.
OBD 2 Terminology
The following terms and their definitions are related to OBD 2
systems. Read and reference this list as needed to aid in the
understanding of OBD 2 systems.
■
Powertrain Control Module (PCM) - The PCM is the OBD 2
accepted term for the vehicle's "on-board computer.” In addition to
controlling the engine management and emissions systems, the
PCM also participates in controlling the powertrain (transmission)
operation. Most PCMs also have the ability to communicate with
other computers on the vehicle (ABS, ride control, body etc.).
■
Monitor - Monitors are "diagnostic routines" programmed into the
PCM. The PCM utilizes these programs to run diagnostic tests,
and to monitor operation of the vehicle's emissions-related
components or systems to ensure they are operating correctly and
within the vehicle's manufacturer specifications. Currently, up to
eleven Monitors are used in OBD 2 systems. Additional Monitors
will be added as the OBD 2 system is further developed.
Not all vehicles support all eleven Monitors.
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COMPUTER ENGINE CONTROLS
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■
Enabling Criteria - Each Monitor is designed to test and monitor
the operation of a specific part of the vehicle's emissions system
(EGR system, oxygen sensor, catalytic converter, etc.). A specific
set of "conditions" or "driving procedures" must be met before the
computer can command a Monitor to run tests on its related
system. These "conditions" are known as "Enabling Criteria.” The
requirements and procedures vary for each Monitor. Some
Monitors only require the ignition key to be turned "On" for them to
run and complete their diagnostic testing. Others may require a set
of complex procedures, such as, starting the vehicle when cold,
bringing it to operating temperature, and driving the vehicle under
specific conditions before the Monitor can run and complete its
diagnostic testing.
■
Monitor Has/Has Not Run - The terms "Monitor has run" or
"Monitor has not run" are used throughout this manual. "Monitor
has run,” means the PCM has commanded a particular Monitor to
perform the required diagnostic testing on a system to ensure the
system is operating correctly (within factory specifications). The
term "Monitor has not run" means the PCM has not yet
commanded a particular Monitor to perform diagnostic testing on
its associated part of the emissions system.
■
Trip - A Trip for a particular Monitor requires that the vehicle is
driven in such a way that all the "Enabling Criteria" for the Monitor
to run and complete its diagnostic testing are met. The "Trip Drive
Cycle" for a particular Monitor begins when the ignition key is
turned "On.” It is successfully completed when all the "Enabling
Criteria" for the Monitor to run and complete its diagnostic testing
are met by the time the ignition key is turned "Off.” Since each of
the eleven monitors is designed to run diagnostics and testing on a
different part of the engine or emissions system, the "Trip Drive
Cycle" needed for each individual Monitor to run and complete
varies.
■
OBD 2 Drive Cycle - An OBD 2 Drive Cycle is an extended set of
driving procedures that takes into consideration the various types
of driving conditions encountered in real life. These conditions may
include starting the vehicle when it is cold, driving the vehicle at a
steady speed (cruising), accelerating, etc. An OBD 2 Drive Cycle
begins when the ignition key is turned "On" (when cold) and ends
when the vehicle has been driven in such a way as to have all the
"Enabling Criteria" met for all its applicable Monitors. Only those
trips that provide the Enabling Criteria for all Monitors applicable to
the vehicle to run and complete their individual diagnostic tests
qualify as an OBD 2 Drive Cycle. OBD 2 Drive Cycle requirements
vary from one model of vehicle to another. Vehicle manufacturers
set these procedures. Consult your vehicle's service manual for
OBD 2 Drive Cycle procedures.
OBD2
Learning More
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
Do not confuse a "Trip" Drive Cycle with an OBD 2 Drive
Cycle. A Trip Drive Cycle provides the "Enabling Criteria" for
one specific Monitor to run and complete its diagnostic
testing. An OBD 2 Drive Cycle must meet the "Enabling
Criteria" for all Monitors on a particular vehicle to run and
complete their diagnostic testing.
■
Warm-up Cycle - Vehicle operation after an engine off period
where engine temperature rises at least 40°F (22°C) from its
temperature before starting, and reaches at least 160°F (70°C).
The PCM uses warm-up cycles as a counter to automatically
erase a specific code and related data from its memory. When no
faults related to the original problem are detected within a
specified number of warm-up cycles, the code is erased
automatically.
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) are
Diagnostic Trouble
meant to guide you to the proper
Codes (DTCs) are codes
service procedure in the vehicle's
that identify a specific
service manual. DO NOT replace
problem area.
parts based only on DTCs without first
consulting the vehicle's service
manual for proper testing procedures for that particular
system, circuit or component.
DTCs are alphanumeric codes that are used to identify a
problem that is present in any of the systems that are
monitored by the on-board computer (PCM). Each trouble
code has an assigned message that identifies the circuit,
component or system area where the problem was found.
OBD 2 diagnostic trouble codes are made up of five
characters:
■
The 1st character is a letter. It identifies the "main system" where
the fault occurred (Body, Chassis, Powertrain, or Network).
■
The 2nd character is a numeric digit. It identifies the "type" of
code (Generic or Manufacturer-Specific).
Generic DTCs are codes that are used by all vehicle
manufacturers. The standards for generic DTCs, as well as
their definitions, are set by the Society of Automotive
Engineers (SAE).
Manufacturer-Specific DTCs are codes that are controlled
by the vehicle manufacturer. The Federal Government does
not require manufacturer-specific codes in order to comply
with the new OBD 2 emissions standards. However,
manufacturers are free to expand beyond the required
codes to make their systems easier to diagnose.
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DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
OBD 2 DTC EXAMPLE
P0201 - Injector Circuit Malfunction, Cylinder 1
B
C
P
U
-
Body
Chassis
Powertrain
Network
0
1
2
3
-
Generic
Manufacturer Specific
Generic
Includes both Generic and Manufacturer
Specific Codes
P0201
Identifies the system where the
problem is located:
1 - Fuel and Air Metering
2 - Fuel and Air Metering (injector circuit
malfunction only)
3 - Ignition System or Misfire
4 - Auxiliary Emission Control System
5 - Vehicle Speed Control and Idle Control
System
6 - Computer Output Circuits
7 - Transmission
8 - Transmission
Identifies what section of the system
is malfunctioning
■
The 3rd character is a numeric digit. It identifies the specific
system or sub-system where the problem is located.
■
The 4th and 5th characters are numeric digits. They identify the
section of the system that is malfunctioning.
DTCs and MIL Status
When the vehicle's on-board computer
detects a failure in an emissions-related
component or system, the computer's
internal diagnostic program assigns a
diagnostic trouble code (DTC) that points to
the system (and subsystem) where the fault
was found. The diagnostic program saves the
code in the computer's memory. It records a "Freeze Frame" of
conditions present when the fault was found, and lights the
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL). Some faults require detection for
two trips in a row before the MIL is turned on.
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DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
The "Malfunction Indicator Lamp" (MIL) is the accepted term
used to describe the lamp on the dashboard that lights to
warn the driver that an emissions-related fault has been
found. Some manufacturers may still call this lamp a "Check
Engine" or "Service Engine Soon” light.
There are two types of DTCs used for emissions-related faults: Type
"A" and Type "B.” Type "A" codes are "One-Trip" codes; Type "B"
DTCs are usually Two-Trip DTCs.
When a Type "A" DTC is found on the First Trip, the following events
take place:
■
The computer commands the MIL "On" when the failure is first
found.
■
If the failure causes a severe misfire that may cause damage to
the catalytic converter, the MIL "flashes" once per second. The
MIL continues to flash as long as the condition exists. If the
condition that caused the MIL to flash is no longer present, the MIL
will light "steady" On.
■
A DTC is saved in the computer's memory for later retrieval.
■
A "Freeze Frame" of the conditions present in the engine or
emissions system when the MIL was ordered "On" is saved in the
computer's memory for later retrieval. This information shows fuel
system status (closed loop or open loop), engine load, coolant
temperature, fuel trim value, MAP vacuum, engine RPM and DTC
priority.
When a Type "B" DTC is found on the First Trip, the following events
take place:
■
The computer sets a Pending DTC, but the MIL is not ordered
"On.” "Freeze Frame" data is not recorded at this time. The
Pending DTC is saved in the computer's memory for later retrieval.
■
If the failure is found on the second consecutive trip, the MIL is
ordered "On.” "Freeze Frame" data is saved in the computer's
memory.
■
If the failure is not found on the second Trip, the Pending DTC is
erased from the computer's memory.
The MIL will stay lit for both Type "A" and Type "B" codes until one of
the following conditions occurs:
E37
■
If the conditions that caused the MIL to light are no longer present
for the next three trips in a row, the computer automatically turns
the MIL "Off" if no other emissions-related faults are present.
However, the DTCs remain in the computer's memory for 40
warm-up cycles (80 warm-up cycles for fuel and misfire faults).
The DTCs are automatically erased if the fault that caused them to
be set is not detected again during that period.
OBD2
35
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OBD 2 MONITORS
■
Misfire and fuel system faults require three trips with "similar
conditions" before the MIL is turned "Off.” These are trips where
the engine load, RPM and temperature are similar to the
conditions present when the fault was first found.
After the MIL has been turned off, DTCs, Freeze Frame
data, and manufacturer-specific enhanced data stay in the
computer's memory. This data can only be retrieved by
using equipment such as a Scan Tool.
■
Erasing the DTCs from the computer's memory can also turn off
the MIL. See ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
on page 19, before erasing codes from the computer's memory. If
a Code Reader or Scan Tool is used to erase the codes, Freeze
Frame data as well as other manufacturer-specific enhanced data
will also be erased.
OBD 2 MONITORS
To ensure the correct operation of the various emissions-related
components and systems, a diagnostic program was developed and
installed in the vehicle's on-board computer. The program has several
procedures and diagnostic strategies. Each procedure or diagnostic
strategy is made to monitor the operation of, and run diagnostic tests
on, a specific emissions-related component or system. These tests
ensure the system is running correctly and is within the
manufacturer's specifications. On OBD 2 systems, these procedures
and diagnostic strategies are called "Monitors.”
Currently, a maximum of eleven Monitors are used in OBD 2
systems. Additional monitors may be added as a result of
Government regulations as the OBD 2 system grows and matures.
Not all vehicles use all eleven Monitors.
Monitor operation is either "Continuous" or "Non-Continuous,”
depending on the specific monitor.
Continuous Monitors
Three of these Monitors are designed to constantly monitor their
associated components and/or systems for proper operation.
Continuous Monitors run constantly when the engine is running. The
Continuous Monitors are:
1. Comprehensive Component Monitor (CCM)
2. Misfire Monitor
3. Fuel System Monitor
Non-Continuous Monitors
The other eight Monitors are "non-continuous" Monitors. "Noncontinuous" Monitors perform and complete their testing once per trip.
The "non-continuous" Monitors are:
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OBD 2 MONITORS
1. Oxygen Sensor Monitor
2. Oxygen Sensor Heater Monitor
3. Catalyst Monitor
4. Heated Catalyst Monitor
5. EGR System Monitor
6. EVAP System Monitor
7. Secondary Air System Monitor
8. Air Conditioning (A/C) Monitor
The following provides a brief explanation of the function of each
Monitor:
■
Comprehensive Component Monitor (CCM) - This Monitor
continuously checks all inputs and outputs from sensors,
actuators, switches and other devices that provide a signal to the
computer. The Monitor checks for shorts, opens, out of range
value, functionality and “rationality.”
Rationality: Each input signal is compared against all
other inputs and against information in the computer's
memory to see if it makes sense under the current
operating conditions. Example: The signal from the
throttle position sensor indicates the vehicle is in a wideopen throttle condition, but the vehicle is really at idle,
and the idle condition is confirmed by the signals from all
other sensors. Based on the input data, the computer
determines that the signal from the throttle position
sensor is not rational (does not make sense when
compared to the other inputs). In this case, the signal
would fail the rationality test.
The CCM may be either a "One-Trip" or a "Two-Trip" Monitor,
depending on the component.
■
Fuel System Monitor - This Monitor uses a Fuel System
Correction program, called Fuel Trim, inside the on-board
computer. Fuel Trim is a set of positive and negative values that
represent adding or subtracting fuel from the engine. This program
is used to correct for a lean (too much air/not enough fuel) or rich
(too much fuel/not enough air) air-fuel mixture. The program is
designed to add or subtract fuel, as needed, up to a certain
percent. If the correction needed is too large and exceeds the time
and percent allowed by the program, a fault is indicated by the
computer.
The Fuel System Monitor may be a "One-Trip" or "Two-Trip"
Monitor, depending on the severity of the problem.
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OBD 2 MONITORS
■
Misfire Monitor - This Monitor continuously checks for engine
misfires. A misfire occurs when the air-fuel mixture in the cylinder
does not ignite. The misfire Monitor uses changes in crankshaft
speed to sense an engine misfire. When a cylinder misfires, it no
longer contributes to the speed of the engine, and engine speed
decreases each time the affected cylinder(s) misfire. The misfire
Monitor is designed to sense engine speed fluctuations and
determine from which cylinder(s) the misfire is coming, as well as
how bad the misfire is. There are three types of engine misfires,
Types 1, 2, and 3.
- Type 1 and Type 3 misfires are two-trip monitor faults. If a fault
is sensed on the first trip, the computer temporarily saves the
fault in its memory as a Pending Code. The MIL is not
commanded on at this time. If the fault is found again on the
second trip, under similar conditions of engine speed, load and
temperature, the computer commands the MIL "On,” and the
code is saved in its long term memory.
- Type 2 misfires are the most severe type of misfire. When a Type
2 misfire is sensed on the first trip, the computer commands the
MIL to light when the misfire is sensed. If the computer
determines that a Type 2 misfire is severe , and may cause
catalytic converter damage, it commands the MIL to "flash" once
per second as soon as the misfire is sensed. When the misfire is
no longer present, the MIL reverts to steady "On" condition.
■
Catalyst Monitor - The catalytic converter is a device that is
installed downstream of the exhaust manifold. It helps to oxidize
(burn) the unburned fuel (hydrocarbons) and partially burned fuel
(carbon monoxide) left over from the combustion process. To
accomplish this, heat and catalyst materials inside the converter
react with the exhaust gases to burn the remaining fuel. Some
materials inside the catalytic converter also have the ability to
store oxygen, and release it as needed to oxidize hydrocarbons
and carbon monoxide. In the process, it reduces vehicle emissions
by converting the polluting gases into carbon dioxide and water.
The computer checks the efficiency of the catalytic converter by
monitoring the oxygen sensors used by the system. One sensor is
located before (upstream of) the converter; the other is located
after (downstream of) the converter. If the catalytic converter loses
its ability to store oxygen, the downstream sensor signal voltage
becomes almost the same as the upstream sensor signal. In this
case, the monitor fails the test.
The Catalyst Monitor is a "Two-Trip" Monitor. If a fault is found on
the first trip, the computer temporarily saves the fault in its memory
as a Pending Code. The computer does not command the MIL on at
this time. If the fault is sensed again on the second trip, the
computer commands the MIL "On" and saves the code in its longterm memory.
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OBD 2 MONITORS
■
Heated Catalyst Monitor - Operation of the "heated" catalytic
converter is similar to the catalytic converter. The main difference
is that a heater is added to bring the catalytic converter to its
operating temperature more quickly. This helps reduce emissions
by reducing the converter's down time when the engine is cold.
The Heated Catalyst Monitor performs the same diagnostic tests
as the catalyst Monitor, and also tests the catalytic converter's heater
for proper operation. This Monitor is also a "Two-Trip" Monitor.
■
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Monitor - The Exhaust Gas
Recirculation (EGR) system helps reduce the formation of Oxides of
Nitrogen during combustion. Temperatures above 2500°F cause
nitrogen and oxygen to combine and form Oxides of Nitrogen in the
combustion chamber. To reduce the formation of Oxides of Nitrogen,
combustion temperatures must be kept below 2500°F. The EGR
system recirculates small amounts of exhaust gas back into the
intake manifold, where it is mixed with the incoming air/fuel mixture.
This reduces combustion temperatures by up to 500°F. The computer
determines when, for how long, and how much exhaust gas is
recirculated back to the intake manifold. The EGR Monitor performs
EGR system function tests at preset times during vehicle operation.
The EGR Monitor is a "Two-Trip" Monitor. If a fault is found on the
first trip, the computer temporarily saves the fault in its memory as
a Pending Code. The computer does not command the MIL on at
this time. If the fault is sensed again on the second trip, the
computer commands the MIL "On,” and saves the code in its longterm memory.
■
Evaporative System (EVAP) Monitor - OBD 2 vehicles are
equipped with a fuel Evaporative system (EVAP) that helps
prevent fuel vapors from evaporating into the air. The EVAP
system carries fumes from the fuel tank to the engine where they
are burned during combustion. The EVAP system may consist of a
charcoal canister, fuel tank cap, purge solenoid, vent solenoid,
flow monitor, leak detector and connecting tubes, lines and hoses.
Fumes are carried from the fuel tank to the charcoal canister by
hoses or tubes. The fumes are stored in the charcoal canister. The
computer controls the flow of fuel vapors from the charcoal canister
to the engine via a purge solenoid. The computer energizes or deenergizes the purge solenoid (depending on solenoid design). The
purge solenoid opens a valve to allow engine vacuum to draw the
fuel vapors from the canister into the engine where the vapors are
burned. The EVAP Monitor checks for proper fuel vapor flow to the
engine, and pressurizes the system to test for leaks. The computer
runs this Monitor once per trip.
The EVAP Monitor is a "Two-Trip" Monitor. If a fault is found on the
first trip, the computer temporarily saves the fault in its memory as a
Pending Code. The computer does not command the MIL on at this
time. If the fault is sensed again on the second trip, the PCM commands the MIL "On,” and saves the code in its long-term memory.
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OBD 2 MONITORS
■
Air Conditioning (A/C) Monitor - The A/C Monitor senses leaks
in air conditioning systems that utilize R-12 refrigerant. Vehicle
manufacturers have been given two options:
1. Use R-12 refrigerant in their A/C systems, and integrate an A/C
Monitor in the OBD 2 systems of these vehicles to detect for
refrigerant leaks; or
2. Use R-134 refrigerant instead of R12. The A/C Monitor is not
required on these vehicles.
To date, all vehicle manufacturers have opted to use R-134 in their
A/C systems. As a result, this Monitor has not yet been implemented.
■
Oxygen Sensor Heater Monitor - The Oxygen Sensor Heater
Monitor tests the operation of the oxygen sensor's heater. There
are two modes of operation on a computer-controlled vehicle:
"open-loop" and "closed-loop.” The vehicle operates in open-loop
when the engine is cold, before it reaches normal operating
temperature. The vehicle also goes to open-loop mode at other
times, such as heavy load and full throttle conditions. When the
vehicle is running in open-loop, the oxygen sensor signal is
ignored by the computer for air/fuel mixture corrections. Engine
efficiency during open-loop operation is very low, and results in the
production of more vehicle emissions.
Closed-loop operation is the best condition for both vehicle
emissions and vehicle operation. When the vehicle is operating in
closed-loop, the computer uses the oxygen sensor signal for
air/fuel mixture corrections.
In order for the computer to enter closed-loop operation, the
oxygen sensor must reach a temperature of at least 600°F. The
oxygen sensor heater helps the oxygen sensor reach and maintain
its minimum operating temperature (600° F) more quickly, to bring
the vehicle into closed-loop operation as soon as possible.
The Oxygen Sensor Heater Monitor is a "Two-Trip" Monitor. If a
fault is found on the first trip, the computer temporarily saves the
fault in its memory as a Pending Code. The computer does not
command the MIL on at this time. If the fault is sensed again on
the second trip, the computer commands the MIL "On,” and saves
the code in its long-term memory.
■
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Oxygen Sensor Monitor - The Oxygen Sensor monitors how much
oxygen is in the vehicle's exhaust. It generates a varying voltage of
up to one volt, based on how much oxygen is in the exhaust gas,
and sends the signal to the computer. The computer uses this signal
to make corrections to the air/fuel mixture. If the exhaust gas has a
large amount of oxygen (a lean air/fuel mixture), the oxygen sensor
generates a "low" voltage signal. If the exhaust gas has very little
oxygen (a rich mixture condition), the oxygen sensor generates a
"high" voltage signal. A 450mV signal indicates the most efficient,
and least polluting, air/fuel ratio of 14.7 parts of air to one part of fuel.
OBD2
Learning More
OBD 2 MONITORS
The oxygen sensor must reach a temperature of at least 600650°F, and the engine must reach normal operating temperature,
for the computer to enter into closed-loop operation. The oxygen
sensor only functions when the computer is in closed-loop. A
properly operating oxygen sensor reacts quickly to any change in
oxygen content in the exhaust stream. A faulty oxygen sensor
reacts slowly, or its voltage signal is weak or missing.
The oxygen sensor is a "Two-Trip" monitor. If a fault is found on
the first trip, the computer temporarily saves the fault in its memory
as a Pending Code. The computer does not command the MIL on
at this time. If the fault is sensed again on the second trip, the
computer commands the MIL "On,” and saves the code in its longterm memory.
■
Secondary Air System Monitor - When a cold engine is first
started, it runs in open-loop mode. During open-loop operation, the
engine usually runs rich. A vehicle running rich wastes fuel and
creates increased emissions, such as carbon monoxide and some
hydrocarbons. A Secondary Air System injects air into the exhaust
stream to aid catalytic converter operation:
1. It supplies the catalytic converter with the oxygen it needs to
oxidize the carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons left over from
the combustion process during engine warm-up.
2. The extra oxygen injected into the exhaust stream also helps
the catalytic converter reach operating temperature more
quickly during warm-up periods. The catalytic converter must
heat to operating temperature to work properly.
The Secondary Air System Monitor checks for component integrity
and system operation, and tests for faults in the system. The
computer runs this Monitor once per trip.
The Secondary Air System Monitor is a "Two-Trip" monitor. If a
fault is found on the first trip, the computer temporarily saves this
fault in its memory as a Pending Code. The computer does not
command the MIL on at this time. If the fault is sensed again on
the second trip, the computer commands the MIL "On,” and saves
the code in its long-term memory.
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OBD 2 MONITORS
OBD 2 Reference Table
The table below lists current OBD 2 Monitors, and indicates the
following for each Monitor:
A Monitor Type (how often does the Monitor run; Continuous or
Once per trip)
B Number of trips needed, with a fault present, to set a pending DTC
C Number of consecutive trips needed, with a fault present, to
command the MIL “On” and store a DTC
D Number of trips needed, with no faults present, to erase a Pending
DTC
E Number and type of trips or drive cycles needed, with no faults
present, to turn off the MIL
F Number of warm-up periods needed to erase the DTC from the
computer’s memory after the MIL is turned off
Name of
Monitor
B
C
D
E
F
Comprehensive
Continuous
Component Monitor
1
2
1
3
40
Misfire Monitor
(Type 1 and 3)
Continuous
1
2
1
3 - similar
conditions
80
Misfire Monitor
(Type 2)
Continuous
3 - similar
conditions
80
Fuel System
Monitor
Continuous
1
1 or 2
1
3 - similar
conditions
80
Catalytic Converter
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Oxygen Sensor
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Oxygen Sensor
Heater Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Exhaust Gas
Recirculation (EGR)
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Evaporative
Emissions Controls
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
Secondary Air
System (AIR)
Monitor
Once per
trip
1
2
1
3 trips
40
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1
OBD2
DTC Definitions
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODE DEFINITIONS
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODE DEFINITIONS
This section provides the most complete lists of DTC definitions
available at the time of publication. OBD 2 is an evolving system; new
codes and definitions are added as the system grows. ALWAYS
check your vehicle's service manual for code definitions that are not
listed here. For more information, visit our web site at
www.CodeReader.com.
This section contains both "Generic" and "Manufacturer Specific"
DTC definitions:
•
OBD 2 Powertrain "Generic" DTC Definitions apply to all
makes and models of import and domestic vehicles that are "OBD
2 COMPLIANT.” These DTCs always start with "P0.”
•
OBD 2 Powertrain "Manufacturer Specific" DTC Definitions
apply only to vehicles made by a specific manufacturer. These
DTCs always start with "P1.” Some codes may have more than
one definition. BE SURE to use the correct definition for your
vehicle make, model and year.
This manual provides "Manufacturer Specific" DTC
definitions for CHRYSLER, FORD, GENERAL MOTORS,
HONDA and TOYOTA only. For DTC definitions that are
not in these lists, and/or for Body, Chassis and Network
DTC definitions, reference your vehicle's service
manual.
OBD2
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43
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0010 - P0057)
GENERIC DTC DEFINITIONS
Code
P0010
"A" Camshaft Position - Actuator Circuit (Bank 1)
P0011
"A" Camshaft Position - Timing Over-Advanced or System
Performance (Bank 1)
P0012
"A" Camshaft Position - Timing Over-Retarded (Bank 1)
P0013
"B" Camshaft Position - Actuator Circuit (Bank 1)
P0014
"B" Camshaft Position - Timing Over-Advanced or System
Performance (Bank 1)
P0015
"B" Camshaft Position - Timing Over-Retarded (Bank 1)
P0020
"A" Camshaft Position - Actuator Circuit (Bank 2)
P0021
"A" Camshaft Position - Timing Over-Advanced or System
Performance (Bank 2)
P0022
"A" Camshaft Position - Timing Over-Retarded (Bank 2)
P0023
"B" Camshaft Position - Actuator Circuit (Bank 2)
P0024
"B" Camshaft Position - Timing Over-Advanced or System
Performance (Bank 2)
P0025
"B" Camshaft Position - Timing Over-Retarded (Bank 2)
P0030
HO2S Heater Control Circuit (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
P0031
HO2S Heater Control Circuit Low (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
P0032
HO2S Heater Control Circuit High (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
P0033
Turbo Charger Bypass Valve Control Circuit
P0034
Turbo Charger Bypass Valve Control Circuit Low
P0035
Turbo Charger Bypass Valve Control Circuit High
P0036
HO2S Heater Control Circuit (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
P0037
HO2S Heater Control Circuit Low (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
P0038
HO2S Heater Control Circuit High (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
P0042
HO2S Heater Control Circuit (Bank 1 Sensor 3)
P0043
HO2S Heater Control Circuit Low (Bank 1 Sensor 3)
P0044
HO2S Heater Control Circuit High (Bank 1 Sensor 3)
P0050
HO2S Heater Control Circuit (Bank 2 Sensor 1)
P0051
HO2S Heater Control Circuit Low (Bank 2 Sensor 1)
P0052
HO2S Heater Control Circuit High (Bank 2 Sensor 1)
P0056
HO2S Heater Control Circuit (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
P0057
HO2S Heater Control Circuit Low (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
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Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0058 - P0106)
Code
P0058
HO2S Heater Control Circuit High (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
P0062
HO2S Heater Control Circuit (Bank 2 Sensor 3)
P0063
HO2S Heater Control Circuit Low (Bank 2 Sensor 3)
P0064
HO2S Heater Control Circuit High (Bank 2 Sensor 3)
P0065
Air Assisted Injector Control Range/Performance
P0066
Air Assisted Injector Control Circuit or Circuit Low
P0067
Air Assisted Injector Control Circuit High
P0070
Ambient Air Temperature Sensor Circuit
P0071
Ambient Air Temperature Sensor Range/Performance
P0072
Ambient Air Temperature Sensor Circuit Low Input
P0073
Ambient Air Temperature Sensor Circuit High Input
P0074
Ambient Air Temperature Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P0075
Intake Valve Control Solenoid Circuit (Bank 1)
P0076
Intake Valve Control Solenoid Circuit Low (Bank 1)
P0077
Intake Valve Control Solenoid Circuit High (Bank 1)
P0078
Exhaust Valve Control Solenoid Circuit (Bank 1)
P0079
Exhaust Valve Control Solenoid Circuit Low (Bank 1)
P0080
Exhaust Valve Control Solenoid Circuit High (Bank 1)
P0081
Intake Valve Control Solenoid Circuit (Bank 2)
P0082
Intake Valve Control Solenoid Circuit Low (Bank 2)
P0083
Intake Valve Control Solenoid Circuit High (Bank 2)
P0084
Exhaust Valve Control Solenoid Circuit (Bank 2)
P0085
Exhaust Valve Control Solenoid Circuit Low (Bank 2)
P0086
Exhaust Valve Control Solenoid Circuit High (Bank 2)
P0100
Mass or Volume Air Flow Circuit Malfunction
P0101
Mass or Volume Circuit Range Performance Problem
P0102
Mass or Volume Circuit Low Input
P0103
Mass or Volume Circuit High Input
P0104
Mass or Volume Circuit Intermittent
P0105
Manifold Absolute Pressure/Barometric Pressure Circuit
Malfunction
P0106
Manifold Absolute Pressure/Barometric Pressure Circuit
Range/Performance Problem
OBD2
E47
Definition
45
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0107 - P0136)
Code
P0107
Manifold Absolute Pressure/Barometric Pressure Circuit
Low Input
P0108
Manifold Absolute Pressure/Barometric Pressure Circuit
High Input
P0109
Manifold Absolute Pressure/Barometric Pressure Circuit
Intermittent
P0110
Intake Air Temperature Circuit Malfunction
P0111
Intake Air Temperature Circuit Range/Performance Problem
P0112
Intake Air Temperature Circuit Low Input
P0113
Intake Air Temperature Circuit High Input
P0114
Intake Air Temperature Circuit Intermittent
P0115
Engine Coolant Temperature Circuit Malfunction
P0116
Engine Coolant Temperature Circuit Range/Performance
Problem
P0117
Engine Coolant Temperature Circuit Low Input
P0118
Engine Coolant Temperature Circuit High Input
P0119
Engine Coolant Temperature Circuit Intermittent
P0120
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch A Circuit Malfunction
P0121
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch A Circuit Range/
Performance Problem
P0122
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch A Circuit Low Input
P0123
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch A Circuit High Input
P0124
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch A Circuit Intermittent
P0125
Insufficient Coolant Temperature for Closed Loop Fuel
Control
P0126
Insufficient Coolant Temperature for Stable Operation
P0127
Intake Air Temperature Too High
P0128
Coolant Thermostat (Coolant Temperature Below Thermostat
Regulating Temperature)
P0130
O2 Sensor Circuit Malfunction (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
P0131
O2 Sensor Circuit Low Voltage (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
P0132
O2 Sensor Circuit High Voltage (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
P0133
O2 Sensor Circuit Slow Response (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
P0134
O2 Sensor Circuit No Activity Detected (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
P0135
O2 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
P0136
O2 Sensor Circuit Malfunction (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
46
E48
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0137 - P0170)
Code
P0137
O2 Sensor Circuit Low Voltage (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
P0138
O2 Sensor Circuit High Voltage (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
P0139
O2 Sensor Circuit Slow Response (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
P0140
O2 Sensor Circuit No Activity Detected (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
P0141
O2 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
P0142
O2 Sensor Circuit Malfunction (Bank 1 Sensor 3)
P0143
O2 Sensor Circuit Low Voltage (Bank 1 Sensor 3)
P0144
O2 Sensor Circuit High Voltage (Bank 1 Sensor 3)
P0145
O2 Sensor Circuit Slow Response (Bank 1 Sensor 3)
P0146
O2 Sensor Circuit No Activity Detected (Bank 1 Sensor 3)
P0147
O2 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank 1 Sensor 3)
P0148
Fuel Delivery Error
P0149
Fuel Timing Error
P0150
O2 Sensor Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2 Sensor 1)
P0151
O2 Sensor Circuit Low Voltage (Bank 2 Sensor 1)
P0152
O2 Sensor Circuit High Voltage (Bank 2 Sensor 1)
P0153
O2 Sensor Circuit Slow Response (Bank 2 Sensor 1)
P0154
O2 Sensor Circuit No Activity Detected (Bank 2 Sensor 1)
P0155
O2 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2 Sensor 1)
P0156
O2 Sensor Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
P0157
O2 Sensor Circuit Low Voltage (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
P0158
O2 Sensor Circuit High Voltage (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
P0159
O2 Sensor Circuit Slow Response (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
P0160
O2 Sensor Circuit No Activity Detected (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
P0161
O2 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
P0162
O2 Sensor Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2 Sensor 3)
P0163
O2 Sensor Circuit Low Voltage (Bank 2 Sensor 3)
P0164
O2 Sensor Circuit High Voltage (Bank 2 Sensor 3)
P0165
O2 Sensor Circuit Slow Response (Bank 2 Sensor 3)
P0166
O2 Sensor Circuit No Activity Detected (Bank 2 Sensor 3)
P0167
O2 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2 Sensor 3)
P0168
Fuel Temperature Too High
P0169
Incorrect Fuel Composition
P0170
Fuel Trim Malfunction (Bank 1)
OBD2
E49
Definition
47
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0171 - P0204)
Code
P0171
System too Lean (Bank 1)
P0172
System too Rich (Bank 1)
P0173
Fuel Trim Malfunction (Bank 2)
P0174
System too Lean (Bank 2)
P0175
System too Rich (Bank 2)
P0176
Fuel Composition Sensor Circuit Malfunction
P0177
Fuel Composition Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
P0178
Fuel Composition Sensor Circuit Low Input
P0179
Fuel Composition Sensor Circuit High Input
P0180
Fuel Temperature Sensor A Circuit Malfunction
P0181
Fuel Temperature Sensor A Circuit Range/Performance
P0182
Fuel Temperature Sensor A Circuit Low Input
P0183
Fuel Temperature Sensor A Circuit High Input
P0184
Fuel Temperature Sensor A Circuit Intermittent
P0185
Fuel Temperature Sensor B Circuit Malfunction
P0186
Fuel Temperature Sensor B Circuit Range/Performance
P0187
Fuel Temperature Sensor B Circuit Low Input
P0188
Fuel Temperature Sensor B Circuit High Input
P0189
Fuel Temperature Sensor B Circuit Intermittent
P0190
Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit Malfunction
P0191
Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
P0192
Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit Low Input
P0193
Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit High Input
P0194
Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P0195
Engine Oil Temperature Sensor Malfunction
P0196
Engine Oil Temperature Sensor Range/Performance
P0197
Engine Oil Temperature Sensor Low
P0198
Engine Oil Temperature Sensor High
P0199
Engine Oil Temperature Sensor Intermittent
P0200
Injector Circuit Malfunction
P0201
Injector Circuit Malfunction - Cylinder 1
P0202
Injector Circuit Malfunction - Cylinder 2
P0203
Injector Circuit Malfunction - Cylinder 3
P0204
Injector Circuit Malfunction - Cylinder 4
48
E50
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0205 - P0236)
Code
P0205
Injector Circuit Malfunction - Cylinder 5
P0206
Injector Circuit Malfunction - Cylinder 6
P0207
Injector Circuit Malfunction - Cylinder 7
P0208
Injector Circuit Malfunction - Cylinder 8
P0209
Injector Circuit Malfunction - Cylinder 9
P0210
Injector Circuit Malfunction - Cylinder 10
P0211
Injector Circuit Malfunction - Cylinder 11
P0212
Injector Circuit Malfunction - Cylinder 12
P0213
Cold Start Injector 1 Malfunction
P0214
Cold Start Injector 2 Malfunction
P0215
Engine Shutoff Solenoid Malfunction
P0216
Injection Timing Control Circuit Malfunction
P0217
Engine Overtemp Condition
P0218
Transmission Over Temperature Condition
P0219
Engine Overspeed Condition
P0220
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch B Circuit Malfunction
P0221
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch B Circuit Range/
Performance Problem
P0222
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch B Circuit Low Input
P0223
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch B Circuit High Input
P0224
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch B Circuit Intermittent
P0225
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch C Circuit Malfunction
P0226
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch C Circuit Range/
Performance Problem
P0227
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch C Circuit Low Input
P0228
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch C Circuit High Input
P0229
Throttle/Pedal Position Sensor/Switch C Circuit Intermittent
P0230
Fuel Pump Primary Circuit Malfunction
P0231
Fuel Pump Secondary Circuit Low
P0232
Fuel Pump Secondary Circuit High
P0233
Fuel Pump Secondary Circuit Intermittent
P0234
Engine Overboost Condition
P0235
Turbocharger Boost Sensor A Circuit Malfunction
P0236
Turbocharger Boost Sensor A Circuit Range/Performance
OBD2
E51
Definition
49
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0237 - P0270)
Code
P0237
Turbocharger Boost Sensor A Circuit Low
P0238
Turbocharger Boost Sensor A Circuit High
P0239
Turbocharger Boost Sensor B Circuit Malfunction
P0240
Turbocharger Boost Sensor B Circuit Range/Performance
P0241
Turbocharger Boost Sensor B Circuit Low
P0242
Turbocharger Boost Sensor B Circuit High
P0243
Turbocharger Wastegate Solenoid A Malfunction
P0244
Turbocharger Wastegate Solenoid A Range/Performance
P0245
Turbocharger Wastegate Solenoid A Low
P0246
Turbocharger Wastegate Solenoid A High
P0247
Turbocharger Wastegate Solenoid B Malfunction
P0248
Turbocharger Wastegate Solenoid B Range/Performance
P0249
Turbocharger Wastegate Solenoid B Low
P0250
Turbocharger Wastegate Solenoid B High
P0251
Injection Pump A Rotor/Cam Malfunction
P0252
Injection Pump A Rotor/Cam Range/Performance
P0253
Injection Pump A Rotor/Cam Low
P0254
Injection Pump A Rotor/Cam High
P0255
Injection Pump A Rotor/Cam Intermitted
P0256
Injection Pump B Rotor/Cam Malfunction
P0257
Injection Pump B Rotor/Cam Range/Performance
P0258
Injection Pump B Rotor/Cam Low
P0259
Injection Pump B Rotor/Cam High
P0260
Injection Pump B Rotor/Cam Intermitted
P0261
Cylinder 1 Injector Circuit Low
P0262
Cylinder 1 Injector Circuit High
P0263
Cylinder 1 Contribution/Balance Fault
P0264
Cylinder 2 Injector Circuit Low
P0265
Cylinder 2 Injector Circuit High
P0266
Cylinder 2 Contribution/Balance Fault
P0267
Cylinder 3 Injector Circuit Low
P0268
Cylinder 3 Injector Circuit High
P0269
Cylinder 3 Contribution/Balance Fault
P0270
Cylinder 4 Injector Circuit Low
50
E52
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0271 - P0306)
Code
P0271
Cylinder 4 Injector Circuit High
P0272
Cylinder 4 Contribution/Balance Fault
P0273
Cylinder 5 Injector Circuit Low
P0274
Cylinder 5 Injector Circuit High
P0275
Cylinder 5 Contribution/Balance Fault
P0276
Cylinder 6 Injector Circuit Low
P0277
Cylinder 6 Injector Circuit High
P0278
Cylinder 6 Contribution/Balance Fault
P0279
Cylinder 7 Injector Circuit Low
P0280
Cylinder 7 Injector Circuit High
P0281
Cylinder 7 Contribution/Balance Fault
P0282
Cylinder 8 Injector Circuit Low
P0283
Cylinder 8 Injector Circuit High
P0284
Cylinder 8 Contribution/Balance Fault
P0285
Cylinder 9 Injector Circuit Low
P0286
Cylinder 9 Injector Circuit High
P0287
Cylinder 9 Contribution/Balance Fault
P0288
Cylinder 10 Injector Circuit Low
P0289
Cylinder 10 Injector Circuit High
P0290
Cylinder 10 Contribution/Balance Fault
P0291
Cylinder 11 Injector Circuit Low
P0292
Cylinder 11 Injector Circuit High
P0293
Cylinder 11 Contribution/Balance Fault
P0294
Cylinder 12 Injector Circuit Low
P0295
Cylinder 12 Injector Circuit High
P0296
Cylinder 12 Contribution/Balance Fault
P0298
Engine Oil Over Temperature
P0300
Random/Multiple Cylinder Misfire Detected
P0301
Cylinder 1 Misfire Detected
P0302
Cylinder 2 Misfire Detected
P0303
Cylinder 3 Misfire Detected
P0304
Cylinder 4 Misfire Detected
P0305
Cylinder 5 Misfire Detected
P0306
Cylinder 6 Misfire Detected
OBD2
E53
Definition
51
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0307 - P0344)
Code
P0307
Cylinder 7 Misfire Detected
P0308
Cylinder 8 Misfire Detected
P0309
Cylinder 9 Misfire Detected
P0310
Cylinder 10 Misfire Detected
P0311
Cylinder 11 Misfire Detected
P0312
Cylinder 12 Misfire Detected
P0313
Misfire Detected with Low Fuel
P0314
Single Cylinder Misfire (Cylinder not specified)
P0320
Ignition/Distributor Engine Speed Input Circuit Malfunction
P0321
Ignition/Distributor Engine Speed Input Circuit Range/
Performance
P0322
Ignition/Distributor Engine Speed Input Circuit No Signal
P0323
Ignition/Distributor Engine Speed Input Circuit Intermittent
P0324
Knock Control System Error
P0325
Knock Sensor 1 Circuit Malfunction (Bank 1 or Single Sensor)
P0326
Knock Sensor 1 Circuit Range/Performance (Bank 1 or Single
Sensor)
P0327
Knock Sensor 1 Circuit Low Input (Bank 1 or Single Sensor)
P0328
Knock Sensor 1 Circuit High Input (Bank 1 or Single Sensor)
P0329
Knock Sensor 1 Circuit Intermittent (Bank 1 or Single Sensor)
P0330
Knock Sensor 2 Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2)
P0331
Knock Sensor 2 Circuit Range/Performance (Bank 2)
P0332
Knock Sensor 2 Circuit Low Input (Bank 2)
P0333
Knock Sensor 2 Circuit High Input (Bank 2)
P0334
Knock Sensor 2 Circuit Intermittent (Bank 2)
P0335
Crankshaft Position Sensor A Circuit Malfunction
P0336
Crankshaft Position Sensor A Circuit Range/Performance
P0337
Crankshaft Position Sensor A Circuit Low Input
P0338
Crankshaft Position Sensor A Circuit High Input
P0339
Crankshaft Position Sensor A Circuit Intermittent
P0340
Camshaft Position Sensor Circuit Malfunction
P0341
Camshaft Position Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
P0342
Camshaft Position Sensor Circuit Low Input
P0343
Camshaft Position Sensor Circuit High Input
P0344
Camshaft Position Sensor Circuit Intermittent
52
E54
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0345 - P0377)
Code
P0345
Camshaft Position Sensor "A" Circuit (Bank 2)
P0346
Camshaft Position Sensor "A" Circuit Range/Performance
(Bank 2)
P0347
Camshaft Position Sensor "A" Circuit Low Input (Bank 2)
P0348
Camshaft Position Sensor "A" Circuit High Input (Bank 2)
P0349
Camshaft Position Sensor "A" Circuit Intermittent (Bank 2)
P0350
Ignition Coil Primary/Secondary Circuit Malfunction
P0351
Ignition Coil A Primary/Secondary Circuit Malfunction
P0352
Ignition Coil B Primary/Secondary Circuit Malfunction
P0353
Ignition Coil C Primary/Secondary Circuit Malfunction
P0354
Ignition Coil D Primary/Secondary Circuit Malfunction
P0355
Ignition Coil E Primary/Secondary Circuit Malfunction
P0356
Ignition Coil F Primary/Secondary Circuit Malfunction
P0357
Ignition Coil G Primary/Secondary Circuit Malfunction
P0358
Ignition Coil H Primary/Secondary Circuit Malfunction
P0359
Ignition Coil I Primary/Secondary Circuit Malfunction
P0360
Ignition Coil J Primary/Secondary Circuit Malfunction
P0361
Ignition Coil K Primary/Secondary Circuit Malfunction
P0362
Ignition Coil L Primary/Secondary Circuit Malfunction
P0365
Camshaft Position Sensor "B" Circuit (Bank 1)
P0366
Camshaft Position Sensor "B" Circuit Range/Performance
(Bank 1)
P0367
Camshaft Position Sensor "B" Circuit Low Input (Bank 1)
P0368
Camshaft Position Sensor "B" Circuit High Input (Bank 1)
P0369
Camshaft Position Sensor "B" Circuit Intermittent (Bank 1)
P0370
Timing Reference High Resolution Signal A Malfunction
P0371
Timing Reference High Resolution Signal A Too Many Pulses
P0372
Timing Reference High Resolution Signal A Too Few Pulses
P0373
Timing Reference High Resolution Signal A Intermittent/
Erratic Pulses
P0374
Timing Reference High Resolution Signal A No Pulses
P0375
Timing Reference High Resolution Signal B Malfunction
P0376
Timing Reference High Resolution Signal B Too Many Pulses
P0377
Timing Reference High Resolution Signal B Too Few Pulses
OBD2
E55
Definition
53
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0378 - P0415)
Code
P0378
Timing Reference High Resolution Signal B Intermittent/Erratic
Pulses
P0379
Timing Reference High Resolution Signal B No Pulses
P0380
Glow Plug/Heater Circuit Malfunction
P0381
Glow Plug/Heater Indicator Circuit Malfunction
P0382
Glow Plug/Heater Circuit "B" Malfunction
P0385
Crankshaft Position Sensor B Circuit Malfunction
P0386
Crankshaft Position Sensor B Circuit Range/Performance
P0387
Crankshaft Position Sensor B Circuit Low Input
P0388
Crankshaft Position Sensor B Circuit High Input
P0389
Crankshaft Position Sensor B Circuit Intermittent
P0390
Camshaft Position Sensor "B" Circuit (Bank 2)
P0391
Camshaft Position Sensor "B" Circuit Range/Performance
(Bank 2)
P0392
Camshaft Position Sensor "B" Circuit Low Input (Bank 2)
P0393
Camshaft Position Sensor "B" Circuit High Input (Bank 2)
P0394
Camshaft Position Sensor "B" Circuit Intermittent (Bank 2)
P0400
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Flow Malfunction
P0401
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Flow Insufficient Detected
P0402
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Flow Excessive Detected
P0403
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Circuit Malfunction
P0404
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Circuit Range/Performance
P0405
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Sensor A Circuit Low
P0406
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Sensor A Circuit High
P0407
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Sensor B Circuit Low
P0408
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Sensor B Circuit High
P0409
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Sensor "A" Circuit
P0410
Secondary Air Injection System Malfunction
P0411
Secondary Air Injection System Incorrect Flow Detected
P0412
Secondary Air Injection System Switching Valve A Circuit
Malfunction
P0413
Secondary Air Injection System Switching Valve A Circuit Open
P0414
Secondary Air Injection System Switching Valve A Circuit Shorted
P0415
Secondary Air Injection System Switching Valve B Circuit
Malfunction
54
E56
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0416 - P0445)
Code
P0416
Secondary Air Injection System Switching Valve B Circuit Open
P0417
Secondary Air Injection System Switching Valve B Circuit
Shorted
P0418
Secondary Air Injection System Relay "A" Circuit Malfunction
P0419
Secondary Air Injection System Relay "B" Circuit Malfunction
P0420
Catalyst System Efficiency Below Threshold (Bank 1)
P0421
Warm Up Catalyst Efficiency Below Threshold (Bank 1)
P0422
Main Catalyst Efficiency Below Threshold (Bank 1)
P0423
Heated Catalyst Efficiency Below Threshold (Bank 1)
P0424
Heated Catalyst Temperature Below Threshold (Bank 1)
P0425
Catalyst Temperature Sensor (Bank 1)
P0426
Catalyst Temperature Sensor Range/Performance (Bank 1)
P0427
Catalyst Temperature Sensor Low Input (Bank 1)
P0428
Catalyst Temperature Sensor High Input (Bank 1)
P0429
Catalyst Heater Control Circuit (Bank 1)
P0430
Catalyst System Efficiency Below Threshold (Bank 2)
P0431
Warm Up Catalyst Efficiency Below Threshold (Bank 2)
P0432
Main Catalyst Efficiency Below Threshold (Bank 2)
P0433
Heated Catalyst Efficiency Below Threshold (Bank 2)
P0434
Heated Catalyst Temperature Below Threshold (Bank 2)
P0435
Catalyst Temperature Sensor (Bank 2)
P0436
Catalyst Temperature Sensor Range/Performance (Bank 2)
P0437
Catalyst Temperature Sensor Low Input (Bank 2)
P0438
Catalyst Temperature Sensor High Input (Bank 2)
P0439
Catalyst Heater Control Circuit (Bank 2)
P0440
Evaporative Emission Control System Malfunction
P0441
Evaporative Emission Control System Incorrect Purge Flow
P0442
Evaporative Emission Control System Leak Detected (small
leak)
P0443
Evaporative Emission Control System Purge Control Valve
Circuit Malfunction
P0444
Evaporative Emission Control System Purge Control Valve
Circuit Open
P0445
Evaporative Emission Control System Purge Control Valve
Circuit Shorted
OBD2
E57
Definition
55
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0446 - P0473)
Code
P0446
Evaporative Emission Control System Vent Control Circuit
Malfunction
P0447
Evaporative Emission Control System Vent Control Open
P0448
Evaporative Emission Control System Vent Control Circuit
Shorted
P0449
Evaporative Emission Control System Vent Valve/Solenoid
Circuit Malfunction
P0450
Evaporative Emission Control System Pressure Sensor
Malfunction
P0451
Evaporative Emission Control System Pressure Sensor Range/
Performance
P0452
Evaporative Emission Control System Pressure Sensor Low
Input
P0453
Evaporative Emission Control System Pressure Sensor High
Input
P0454
Evaporative Emission Control System Pressure Sensor
Intermittent
P0455
Evaporative Emission Control System Leak Detected (gross
leak)
P0456
Evaporative Emission Control System Leak Detected (very
small leak)
P0457
Evaporative Emission Control System Leak Detected (fuel
cap loose/off)
P0460
Fuel Level Sensor Circuit Malfunction
P0461
Fuel Level Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
P0462
Fuel Level Sensor Circuit Low Input
P0463
Fuel Level Sensor Circuit High Input
P0464
Fuel Level Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P0465
Purge Flow Sensor Circuit Malfunction
P0466
Purge Flow Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
P0467
Purge Flow Sensor Circuit Low Input
P0468
Purge Flow Sensor Circuit High Input
P0469
Purge Flow Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P0470
Exhaust Pressure Sensor Malfunction
P0471
Exhaust Pressure Sensor Range/Performance
P0472
Exhaust Pressure Sensor Low
P0473
Exhaust Pressure Sensor High
56
E58
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0474 - P0517)
Code
P0474
Exhaust Pressure Sensor Intermittent
P0475
Exhaust Pressure Control Valve Malfunction
P0476
Exhaust Pressure Control Valve Range/Performance
P0477
Exhaust Pressure Control Valve Low
P0478
Exhaust Pressure Control Valve High
P0479
Exhaust Pressure Control Valve Intermittent
P0480
Cooling Fan 1 Control Circuit Malfunction
P0481
Cooling Fan 2 Control Circuit Malfunction
P0482
Cooling Fan 3 Control Circuit Malfunction
P0483
Cooling Fan Rationality Check Malfunction
P0484
Cooling Fan Circuit Over Current
P0485
Cooling Fan Power/Ground Circuit Malfunction
P0486
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Sensor "B" Circuit
P0487
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Throttle Position Control Circuit
P0488
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Throttle Position Control Range/
Performance
P0491
Secondary Air Injection System (Bank 1)
P0492
Secondary Air Injection System (Bank 2)
P0500
Vehicle Speed Sensor Malfunction
P0501
Vehicle Speed Sensor Range/Performance
P0502
Vehicle Speed Sensor Circuit Low Input
P0503
Vehicle Speed Sensor Intermittent/Erratic/High
P0505
Idle Control System Malfunction
P0506
Idle Control System RPM Lower Than Expected
P0507
Idle Control System RPM Higher Than Expected
P0508
Idle Control System Circuit Low
P0509
Idle Control System Circuit High
P0510
Closed Throttle Position Switch Malfunction
P0512
Starter Request Circuit
P0513
Incorrect Immobilizer Key ("Immobilizer" pending SAE J1930
approval)
P0515
Battery Temperature Sensor Circuit
P0516
Battery Temperature Sensor Circuit Low
P0517
Battery Temperature Sensor Circuit High
OBD2
E59
Definition
57
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0520 - P0569)
Code
P0520
Engine Oil Pressure/Switch Circuit Malfunction
P0521
Engine Oil Pressure/Switch Range/Performance
P0522
Engine Oil Pressure/Switch Low Voltage
P0523
Engine Oil Pressure/Switch High Voltage
P0524
Engine Oil Pressure Too Low
P0530
A/C Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Circuit Malfunction
P0531
A/C Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
P0532
A/C Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Circuit Low Input
P0533
A/C Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Circuit High Input
P0534
Air Conditioner Refrigerant Charge Loss
P0540
Intake Air Heater Circuit
P0541
Intake Air Heater Circuit Low
P0542
Intake Air Heater Circuit High
P0544
Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor Circuit (Bank 1)
P0545
Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor Circuit Low (Bank 1)
P0546
Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor Circuit High (Bank 1)
P0547
Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor Circuit (Bank 2)
P0548
Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor Circuit Low (Bank 2)
P0549
Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor Circuit High (Bank 2)
P0550
Power Steering Pressure Sensor Circuit Malfunction
P0551
Power Steering Pressure Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
P0552
Power Steering Pressure Sensor Circuit Low Input
P0553
Power Steering Pressure Sensor Circuit High Input
P0554
Power Steering Pressure Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P0560
System Voltage Malfunction
P0561
System Voltage Unstable
P0562
System Voltage Low
P0563
System Voltage High
P0564
Cruise Control Multi-Function Input Signal
P0565
Cruise Control On Signal Malfunction
P0566
Cruise Control Off Signal Malfunction
P0567
Cruise Control Resume Signal Malfunction
P0568
Cruise Control Set Signal Malfunction
P0569
Cruise Control Coast Signal Malfunction
58
E60
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0570 - P0635)
Code
P0570
Cruise Control Accel Signal Malfunction
P0571
Cruise Control/Brake Switch A Circuit Malfunction
P0572
Cruise Control/Brake Switch A Circuit Low
P0573
Cruise Control/Brake Switch A Circuit High
P0574
Cruise Control System - Vehicle Speed Too High
P0575
Cruise Control Input Circuit
P0576
Cruise Control Input Circuit Low
P0577
Cruise Control Input Circuit High
P0578P0580
Reserved for Cruise Control Codes
P0600
Serial Communication Link Malfunction
P0601
Internal Control Module Memory Check Sum Error
P0602
Control Module Programming Error
P0603
Internal Control Module Keep Alive Memory (KAM) Error
P0604
Internal Control Module Random Access Memory (RAM) Error
P0605
Internal Control Module Read Only Memory (ROM) Error
P0606
PCM Processor Fault
P0607
Control Module Performance
P0608
Control Module VSS Output "A" Malfunction
P0609
Control Module VSS Output "B" Malfunction
P0610
Control Module Vehicle Options Error
P0615
Starter Relay Circuit
P0616
Starter Relay Circuit Low
P0617
Starter Relay Circuit High
P0618
Alternative Fuel Control Module KAM Error
P0619
Alternative Fuel Control Module RAM/ROM Error
P0620
Generator Control Circuit Malfunction
P0621
Generator Lamp "L" Control Circuit Malfunction
P0622
Generator Field "F" Control Circuit Malfunction
P0623
Generator Lamp Control Circuit
P0624
Fuel Cap Lamp Control Circuit
P0630
VIN Not Programmed or Mismatch - ECM/PCM
P0631
VIN Not Programmed or Mismatch - TCM
P0635
Power Steering Control Circuit
OBD2
E61
Definition
59
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0636 - P0711)
Code
Definition
P0636
Power Steering Control Circuit Low
P0637
Power Steering Control Circuit High
P0638
Throttle Actuator Control Range/Performance (Bank 1)
P0639
Throttle Actuator Control Range/Performance (Bank 2)
P0640
Intake Air Heater Control Circuit
P0645
A/C Clutch Relay Control Circuit
P0646
A/C Clutch Relay Control Circuit Low
P0647
A/C Clutch Relay Control Circuit High
P0648
Immobilizer Lamp Control Circuit ("Immobilizer" pending SAE
J1930 approval)
P0649
Speed Control Lamp Control Circuit
P0650
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) Control Circuit Malfunction
P0654
Engine RPM Output Circuit Malfunction
P0655
Engine Hot Lamp Output Control Circuit Malfunction
P0656
Fuel Level Output Circuit Malfunction
P0660
Intake Manifold Tuning Valve Control Circuit (Bank 1)
P0661
Intake Manifold Tuning Valve Control Circuit Low (Bank 1)
P0662
Intake Manifold Tuning Valve Control Circuit High (Bank 1)
P0663
Intake Manifold Tuning Valve Control Circuit (Bank 2)
P0664
Intake Manifold Tuning Valve Control Circuit Low (Bank 2)
P0665
Intake Manifold Tuning Valve Control Circuit High (Bank 2)
P0700
Transmission Control System Malfunction
P0701
Transmission Control System Range/Performance
P0702
Transmission Control System Electrical
P0703
Torque Converter/Brake Switch B Circuit Malfunction
P0704
Clutch Switch Input Circuit Malfunction
P0705
Transmission Range Sensor Circuit Malfunction (PRNDL Input)
P0706
Transmission Range Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
P0707
Transmission Range Sensor Circuit Low Input
P0708
Transmission Range Sensor Circuit High Input
P0709
Transmission Range Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P0710
Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor Circuit Malfunction
P0711
Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor Circuit Range/
Performance
60
E62
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0712 - P0746)
Code
P0712
Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor Circuit Low Input
P0713
Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor Circuit High Input
P0714
Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P0715
Input/Turbine Speed Sensor Circuit Malfunction
P0716
Input/Turbine Speed Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
P0717
Input/Turbine Speed Sensor Circuit No Signal
P0718
Input/Turbine Speed Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P0719
Torque Converter/Brake Switch B Circuit Low
P0720
Output Speed Sensor Circuit Malfunction
P0721
Output Speed Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
P0722
Output Speed Sensor Circuit No Signal
P0723
Output Speed Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P0724
Torque Converter/Brake Switch B Circuit High
P0725
Engine Speed Input Circuit Malfunction
P0726
Engine Speed Input Circuit Range/Performance
P0727
Engine Speed Input Circuit No Signal
P0728
Engine Speed Input Circuit Intermittent
P0730
Incorrect Gear Ratio
P0731
Gear 1 Incorrect Ratio
P0732
Gear 2 Incorrect Ratio
P0733
Gear 3 Incorrect Ratio
P0734
Gear 4 Incorrect Ratio
P0735
Gear 5 Incorrect Ratio
P0736
Reverse Incorrect Ratio
P0737
TCM Engine Speed Output Circuit
P0738
TCM Engine Speed Output Circuit Low
P0739
TCM Engine Speed Output Circuit High
P0740
Torque Converter Clutch Circuit Malfunction
P0741
Torque Converter Clutch Circuit Performance or Stuck Off
P0742
Torque Converter Clutch Circuit Stuck On
P0743
Torque Converter Clutch Circuit Electrical
P0744
Torque Converter Clutch Circuit Intermittent
P0745
Pressure Control Solenoid Malfunction
P0746
Pressure Control Solenoid Performance or Stuck Off
OBD2
E63
Definition
61
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0747 - P0780)
Code
P0747
Pressure Control Solenoid Stuck On
P0748
Pressure Control Solenoid Electrical
P0749
Pressure Control Solenoid Intermittent
P0750
Shift Solenoid A Malfunction
P0751
Shift Solenoid A Performance or Stuck Off
P0752
Shift Solenoid A Stuck On
P0753
Shift Solenoid A Electrical
P0754
Shift Solenoid A Intermittent
P0755
Shift Solenoid B Malfunction
P0756
Shift Solenoid B Performance or Stuck Off
P0757
Shift Solenoid B Stuck On
P0758
Shift Solenoid B Electrical
P0759
Shift Solenoid B Intermittent
P0760
Shift Solenoid C Malfunction
P0761
Shift Solenoid C Performance or Stuck Off
P0762
Shift Solenoid C Stuck On
P0763
Shift Solenoid C Electrical
P0764
Shift Solenoid C Intermittent
P0765
Shift Solenoid D Malfunction
P0766
Shift Solenoid D Performance or Stuck Off
P0767
Shift Solenoid D Stuck On
P0768
Shift Solenoid D Electrical
P0769
Shift Solenoid D Intermittent
P0770
Shift Solenoid E Malfunction
P0771
Shift Solenoid E Performance or Stuck Off
P0772
Shift Solenoid E Stuck On
P0773
Shift Solenoid E Electrical
P0774
Shift Solenoid E Intermittent
P0775
Pressure Control Solenoid "B"
P0776
Pressure Control Solenoid "B" Performance or Stuck Off
P0777
Pressure Control Solenoid "B" Stuck On
P0778
Pressure Control Solenoid "B" Electrical
P0779
Pressure Control Solenoid "B" Intermittent
P0780
Shift Malfunction
62
E64
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0781 - P0816)
Code
P0781
1-2 Shift Malfunction
P0782
2-3 Shift Malfunction
P0783
3-4 Shift Malfunction
P0784
4-5 Shift Malfunction
P0785
Shift/Timing Solenoid Malfunction
P0786
Shift/Timing Solenoid Range/Performance
P0787
Shift/Timing Solenoid Low
P0788
Shift/Timing Solenoid High
P0789
Shift/Timing Solenoid Intermittent
P0790
Normal/Performance Switch Circuit Malfunction
P0791
Intermediate Shaft Speed Sensor Circuit
P0792
Intermediate Shaft Speed Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
P0793
Intermediate Shaft Speed Sensor Circuit No Signal
P0794
Intermediate Shaft Speed Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P0795
Pressure Control Solenoid "C"
P0796
Pressure Control Solenoid "C" Performance or Stuck Off
P0797
Pressure Control Solenoid "C" Stuck On
P0798
Pressure Control Solenoid "C" Electrical
P0799
Pressure Control Solenoid "C" Intermittent
P0801
Reverse Inhibit Control Circuit Malfunction
P0803
1-4 Upshift (Skip Shift) Solenoid Control Circuit Malfunction
P0804
1-4 Upshift (Skip Shift) Lamp Control Circuit Malfunction
P0805
Clutch Position Sensor Circuit
P0806
Clutch Position Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
P0807
Clutch Position Sensor Circuit Low
P0808
Clutch Position Sensor Circuit High
P0809
Clutch Position Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P0810
Clutch Position Control Error
P0811
Excessive Clutch Slippage
P0812
Reverse Input Circuit
P0813
Reverse Output Circuit
P0814
Transmission Range Display Circuit
P0815
Upshift Switch Circuit
P0816
Downshift Switch Circuit
OBD2
E65
Definition
63
DTC Definitions
GENERIC (P0817 - P0849)
Code
P0817
Starter Disable Circuit
P0818
Driveline Disconnect Switch Input Circuit
P0820
Gear Lever X-Y Position Sensor Circuit
P0821
Gear Lever X Position Circuit
P0822
Gear Lever Y Position Circuit
P0823
Gear Lever X Position Circuit Intermittent
P0824
Gear Lever Y Position Circuit Intermittent
P0825
Gear Lever Push-Pull Switch (Shift Anticipate)
P0830
Clutch Pedal Switch "A" Circuit
P0831
Clutch Pedal Switch "A" Circuit Low
P0832
Clutch Pedal Switch "A" Circuit High
P0833
Clutch Pedal Switch "B" Circuit
P0834
Clutch Pedal Switch "B" Circuit Low
P0835
Clutch Pedal Switch "B" Circuit High
P0836
Four Wheel Drive (4WD) Switch Circuit
P0837
Four Wheel Drive (4WD) Switch Circuit Range/Performance
P0838
Four Wheel Drive (4WD) Switch Circuit Low
P0839
Four Wheel Drive (4WD) Switch Circuit High
P0840
Transmission Fluid Pressure Sensor/Switch "A" Circuit
P0841
Transmission Fluid Pressure Sensor/Switch "A" Circuit Range/
Performance
P0842
Transmission Fluid Pressure Sensor/Switch "A" Circuit Low
P0843
Transmission Fluid Pressure Sensor/Switch "A" Circuit High
P0844
Transmission Fluid Pressure Sensor/Switch "A" Circuit
Intermittent
P0845
Transmission Fluid Pressure Sensor/Switch "B" Circuit
P0846
Transmission Fluid Pressure Sensor/Switch "B" Circuit Range/
Performance
P0847
Transmission Fluid Pressure Sensor/Switch "B" Circuit Low
P0848
Transmission Fluid Pressure Sensor/Switch "B" Circuit High
P0849
Transmission Fluid Pressure Sensor/Switch "B" Circuit
Intermittent
64
E66
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
CHRYSLER (P1103 - P1389)
MANUFACTURER SPECIFIC CODES - CHRYSLER
Code
P1103
Turbocharger Waste Gate Actuator Malfunction
P1104
Turbocharger Waste Gate Solenoid Malfunction
P1105
Fuel Pressure Solenoid Malfunction
P1195
Slow Switching O2 Sensor Bank One Sensor One During
catalyst monitoring
P1196
Slow Switching O2 Sensor Bank two Sensor one During
catalyst monitoring
P1197
Slow Switching O2 Sensor Bank One Sensor two During
catalyst monitoring
P1198
Radiator Temperature Sensor Input voltage too high
P1199
Radiator Temperature Sensor Input voltage too low
P1281
Engine is cold too long
P1282
Fuel Pump Relay control circuit
P1283
Idle select signal invalid
P1284
Fuel Injection pump battery voltage sensor out of range
P1285
Fuel Injection pump controller always on
P1286
Accelerator Position Sensor (APPS) supply voltage too high
P1287
Fuel Injection pump Controller Supply voltage low
P1288
Intake manifold short runner tuning valve solenoid circuit
P1289
Manifold tune valve solenoid circuit
P1290
CNG Fuel system pressure too high
P1291
No Temp rise seen from intake heaters
P1292
CNG Pressure sensor voltage too high
P1293
CNG Pressure sensor voltage too low
P1294
Target idle not reached
P1295
No 5 volts to TP sensor
P1296
No 5 volts to MAP sensor
P1297
No change in MAP sensor from start to run
P1298
lean operation at wide open throttle
P1299
Vacuum Leak detected (IAC fully seated)
P1300
Ignition timing adjustment circuit failure
P1388
Auto shutdown relay control circuit
P1389
No ASD relay output voltage at PCM
OBD2
E67
Definition
65
DTC Definitions
CHRYSLER (P1390 - P1596)
Code
P1390
Timing belt skipped one tooth or more
P1391
Intermittent loss of CMP or CKP
P1398
Mis-Fire Adaptive Numerator at Limit (PCM is unable to learn
the crank sensors signal for use in preparation for misfire
diagnostics
P1399
Wait to start lamp circuit
P1403
No 5 volt feed to EGR
P1475
Auxiliary 5 volt supply is too high
P1476
Too little secondary air
P1477
Too much secondary air
P1478
Battery Temp Sensor Volts out of limit
P1479
Transmission Fan Relay Circuit
P1480
PCV Solenoid Circuit
P1481
EATX (Electronic Automatic Transaxle) RPM pulse
generator performance
P1482
Catalyst Temperature Sensor Circuit shorted low
P1483
Catalyst Temperature Sensor Circuit shorted high
P1484
Catalytic Converter overheat detected
P1485
Air injection solenoid circuit
P1486
EVAP Leak Monitor found a pinched hose
P1487
Hi Speed Fan #2 Circuit
P1488
Auxiliary 5 volt supply output is too low
P1489
High speed fan control relay circuit
P1490
Low speed fan control relay circuit
P1491
Radiator fan relay control circuit
P1492
Ambient/ Battery Temp sensor input voltage too high
P1493
Ambient/ Battery Temp sensor input voltage too low
P1494
Leak detection pump pressure switch or mechanical fault
P1495
Leak detection pump solenoid circuit
P1496
5 volt supply, output too low
P1498
High speed radiator fan ground control relay circuit
P1500
General alternator 'FR' Terminal circuit fault
P1594
Charging system voltage too high
P1595
Speed control solenoid circuits
P1596
Speed control switch always high
66
E68
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
CHRYSLER (P1597 - P1899)
Code
P1597
Speed control switch always low
P1598
A/C pressure sensor input voltage too high
P1599
A/C pressure sensor input voltage too low
P1680
Clutch released switch circuit
P1681
No I/P Cluster CCD/ J1850 messages received
P1682
Charging system voltage too low
P1683
Speed control servo power control circuit
P1684
The battery has been disconnected within the last 50 starts
P1685
The SKIM (Smart Key Immobilizer Module) has received an
invalid key
P1686
No SKIM (Smart Key Immobilizer Module) bus message
received
P1687
No Mechanical Instrument cluster bus message
P1688
Internal Fuel injection pump controller failure
P1689
No communication between the ECM and injection pump module
P1690
Fuel injection pump CKP sensor does not agree with the ECM
CKP sensor
P1691
Fuel injection pump controller calibration error
P1692
Fault in companion Engine control module
P1693
A companion DTC was set in both the ECM and PCM
P1694
No CCD message from PCM- Aisin transmission
P1695
No CCD message from body control module
P1696
PCM failure EEPROM write denied
P1697
PCM Failure SRI (Service Reminder Indicator) mileage not
stored
P1698
No CCD message from TCM
P1719
Skip shift solenoid circuit
P1740
TCC solenoid or overdrive solenoid performance
P1756
Governor pressure not equal to target at 15-20 psi
P1757
Governor pressure is above 3 PSI when 0 PSI is requested
P1762
Governor pressure sensor offset improper voltage
P1763
Governor pressure sensor voltage to high
P1764
Governor pressure sensor voltage to low
P1765
Transmission 12 volt supply relay control circuit
P1899
Park/ Neutral switch stuck in park or gear
OBD2
E69
Definition
67
DTC Definitions
FORD (P1000 - P1133)
MANUFACTURER SPECIFIC CODES - FORD
Code
P1000
OBD Systems Readiness Test Not Complete
P1001
KOER Not Able to Complete, KOER Aborted
P1100
Mass Air Flow Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P1101
Mass Air Flow Sensor Out Of Self Test Range
P1105
Dual Alternator Upper Fault
P1106
Dual Alternator Lower Fault
P1107
Dual Alternator Lower Circuit
P1108
Dual Alternator Lower Circuit
P1109
Intake Air Temperature B Circuit Intermittent
P1111
System Pass
P1112
Intake Air Temperature Circuit Intermittent
P1114
Intake Air Temperature B Circuit Low Input (Super/Turbo
Charged engines)
P1115
Intake Air Temperature B Circuit High Input (Super/Turbo
Charged engines)
P1116
Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Out Of Self Test Range
P1117
Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P1118
Manifold Air Temperature Circuit Low Input
P1119
Manifold Air Temperature Circuit High Input
P1120
Throttle Position Sensor A Out Of Range Low (Ratch too low)
P1121
Throttle Position Sensor A Inconsistent With Mass Air Flow
Sensor
P1122
Pedal Position Sensor A Circuit Low Input
P1123
Pedal Position Sensor A Circuit High Input
P1124
Throttle Position Sensor A Out Of Self Test Range
P1125
Throttle Position Sensor A Intermittent
P1127
Exhaust Not Warm, Downstream O2 Sensor Not Tested
P1128
Upstream HO2S Sensors Swapped
P1129
Downstream HO2S Sensors Swapped
P1130
Lack Of HO2S11 Switches - Fuel Trim At Limit
P1131
Lack Of HO2S11 Switches - Sensor Indicates Lean
P1132
Lack Of HO2S11 Switches - Sensor Indicates Rich
P1133
Bank 1 Fuel Control Shifted Lean (FAOSC)
68
E70
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
FORD (P1134 - P1187)
Code
P1134
Bank 1 Fuel Control Shifted Rich (FAOSC)
P1135
Pedal Position Sensor A Circuit Intermittent
P1137
Lack of HO2S12 Switches - Sensor Indicates Lean
P1138
Lack of HO2S12 Switches - Sensor Indicates Rich
P1139
Water in Fuel Indicator Circuit
P1140
Water in Fuel Condition
P1141
Fuel Restriction Indicator Circuit
P1142
Fuel Restriction Condition
P1150
Lack of HO2S21 Switches - Fuel Trim At Limit
P1151
Lack of HO2S21 Switches - Sensor Indicates Lean
P1152
Lack of HO2S21 Switches - Sensor Indicates Rich
P1153
Bank 2 Fuel Control Shifted Lean (FAOSC)
P1154
Bank 2 Fuel Control Shifted Rich (FAOSC)
P1155
Alternative Fuel Control Module Has Activated the MIL
P1157
Lack of HO2S22 Switches - Sensor Indicates Lean
P1158
Lack of HO2S22 Switches - Sensor Indicates Rich
P1168
Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor In Range But Low
P1169
Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor In Range But High
P1170
Engine Shut Off Solenoid
P1171
Rotor Sensor
P1172
Rotor Control
P1173
Rotor Calibration
P1174
Cam Sensor
P1175
Cam Control
P1176
Cam Calibration
P1177
Synchronization
P1178
Boltup Limits
P1180
Fuel Delivery System - Low
P1181
Fuel Delivery System - High
P1183
Engine Oil Temperature Sensor Circuit
P1184
Engine Oil Temperature Sensor Out Of Self Test Range
P1185
Fuel Pump Temperature Sensor High
P1186
Fuel Pump Temperature Sensor Low
P1187
Variant Selection
OBD2
E71
Definition
69
DTC Definitions
FORD (P1188 - P1232)
Code
P1188
Calibration Memory
P1189
Pump Speed Signal
P1190
Calibration Resistor Out Of Range
P1191
Key Line Voltage
P1192
V External
P1193
EGR Driver Over Current
P1194
ECM/PCM A/D Converter
P1195
SCP HBCC Chip Failed to Initialize
P1196
Key Off Voltage High
P1197
Key Off Voltage Low
P1198
Pump Rotor Control Underfueling
P1209
Injector Control Pressure Peak Delta Test Fault
P1210
Injector Control Pressure Above Expected Level
P1211
Injector Control Pressure Above/Below Desired
P1212
Injector Control Pressure Not At Expected Level
P1214
Pedal Position Sensor B Circuit Intermittent
P1215
Pedal Position Sensor C Circuit Low Input
P1216
Pedal Position Sensor C Circuit High Input
P1217
Pedal Position Sensor C Circuit Intermittent
P1218
CID High
P1219
CID Low
P1220
Series Throttle Control System
P1221
Traction Control System
P1222
Pedal Position Sensor B Circuit Low Input
P1222
Traction Control Output Circuit
P1223
Pedal Position Sensor B Circuit High Input
P1224
Throttle Position Sensor B Out Of Self Test Range
P1227
Wastegate Failed Closed (Over pressure)
P1228
Wastegate Failed Open (Under pressure)
P1229
Charge Air Cooler Pump Driver
P1230
Fuel Pump Low Speed Malfunction (VLCM)
P1231
Fuel Pump Secondary Circuit Low, High Speed (VLCM)
P1232
Fuel Pump Speed Primary Circuit (Two speed fuel pump)
70
E72
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
FORD (P1233 - P1271)
Code
Definition
P1233
Fuel Pump Driver Module Disabled or Off Line (Fuel Pump
Driver Module)
P1234
Fuel Pump Driver Module Disabled or Off Line (Fuel Pump
Driver Module)
P1235
Fuel Pump Control Out Of Range (Fuel Pump Driver Module/
VLCM)
P1236
Fuel Pump Control Out Of Range (Fuel Pump Driver Module)
P1237
Fuel Pump Secondary Circuit (Fuel Pump Driver Module)
P1238
Fuel Pump Secondary Circuit (Fuel Pump Driver Module)
P1239
Speed Fuel Pump Positive Feed
P1243
Second Fuel Pump Fault or Ground Fault
P1244
Alternator Load High Input
P1245
Alternator Load Low Input
P1246
Alternator Load Input
P1247
Turbo Boost Pressure Low
P1248
Turbo Boost Pressure Not Detected
P1249
Wastegate Control Valve Performance
P1252
Pedal Correlation PDS1 and LPDS High
P1253
Pedal Correlation PDS1 and LPDS Low
P1254
Pedal Correlation PDS2 and LPDS High
P1255
Pedal Correlation PDS2 and LPDS Low
P1256
Pedal Correlation PDS1 and HPDS
P1257
Pedal Correlation PDS2 and HPDS
P1258
Pedal Correlation PDS1 and PDS2
P1260
Theft Detected, Vehicle Immobilized
P1261
Cylinder #1 High To Low Side Short
P1262
Cylinder #2 High To Low Side Short
P1263
Cylinder #3 High To Low Side Short
P1264
Cylinder #4 High To Low Side Short
P1265
Cylinder #5 High To Low Side Short
P1266
Cylinder #6 High To Low Side Short
P1267
Cylinder #7 High To Low Side Short
P1268
Cylinder #8 High To Low Side Short
P1270
Engine RPM or Vehicle Speed Limiter Reached
P1271
Cylinder #1 High To Low Side Open
OBD2
E73
71
DTC Definitions
FORD (P1272 - P1306)
Code
P1272
Cylinder #2 High To Low Side Open
P1273
Cylinder #3 High To Low Side Open
P1274
Cylinder #4 High To Low Side Open
P1275
Cylinder #5 High To Low Side Open
P1276
Cylinder #6 High To Low Side Open
P1277
Cylinder #7 High To Low Side Open
P1278
Cylinder #8 High To Low Side Open
P1280
Injector Control Pressure Out Of Range Low
P1281
Injector Control Pressure Out Of Range High
P1282
Excessive Injector Control Pressure
P1283
Injector Pressure Regulator Circuit
P1284
Aborted KOER - Injector Control Pressure Failure
P1285
Cylinder Head Overtemperature Condition
P1286
Fuel Pulsewidth In Range But Lower Than Expected
P1287
Fuel Pulsewidth In Range But Higher Than Expected
P1288
Cylinder Head Temperature Sensor Out Of Self Test Range
P1289
Cylinder Head Temperature Sensor Circuit High Input
P1290
Cylinder Head Temperature Sensor Circuit Low Input
P1291
Injector High Side Short To GND Or VBATT - Bank 1
P1292
Injector High Side Short To GND Or VBATT - Bank 2
P1293
Injector High Side Open - Bank 1
P1294
Injector High Side Open - Bank 2
P1295
Injector Multiple Faults - Bank 1
P1296
Injector Multiple Faults - Bank 2
P1297
Injector High Side Switches Shorted Together
P1298
Injector Driver Module Failure
P1299
Cylinder Head Overtemperature Protection Active
P1300
Boost Calibration Fault
P1301
Boost Calibration High
P1302
Boost Calibration Low
P1303
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Calibration Fault
P1304
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Calibration High
P1305
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Calibration Low
P1306
Kickdown Relay Pull-in Circuit
72
E74
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
FORD (P1307 - P1400)
Code
P1307
Kickdown Relay Hold Circuit
P1309
Misfire Monitor AICE Chip Fault, Misfire Monitor Disabled
P1310
Ionization Misfire Detection Module Fault
P1311
Ionization Misfire Detection Module Communication Fault
P1316
IDM Codes Detected
P1340
Camshaft Position Sensor B Circuit
P1351
Ignition Diagnostic Monitor Input Circuit
P1352
Ignition Coil A Primary Circuit
P1353
Ignition Coil B Primary Circuit
P1354
Ignition Coil C Primary Circuit
P1355
Ignition Coil D Primary Circuit
P1356
Ignition Diagnostic Monitor Indicates Engine Not Turning
P1357
Ignition Diagnostic Monitor Pulsewidth Not Defined
P1358
Ignition Diagnostic Monitor Signal Out Of Self Test Range
(no CPU OK)
P1359
Spark Output Circuit
P1360
Ignition Coil A Secondary Circuit
P1361
Ignition Coil B Secondary Circuit
P1362
Ignition Coil C Secondary Circuit
P1363
Ignition Coil D Secondary Circuit
P1364
Ignition Coil Primary Circuit
P1365
Ignition Coil Secondary Circuit
P1366
Ignition Spare
P1367
Ignition Spare
P1368
Ignition Spare
P1369
Engine Temperature Light Circuit
P1380
Camshaft Position Actuator Circuit (Bank 1)
P1381
Camshaft Position Timing Over Advanced (Bank 1)
P1383
Camshaft Position Timing Over Retarded (Bank 1)
P1385
Camshaft Position Actuator Circuit (Bank 2)
P1386
Camshaft Position Timing Over Advanced (Bank 2)
P1388
Camshaft Position Timing Over Retarded (Bank 2)
P1390
Octane Adjust Service Pin In Use/Circuit Open
P1400
Differential Pressure Feedback EGR Circuit Low Input
OBD2
E75
Definition
73
DTC Definitions
FORD (P1401 - P1469)
Code
P1401
Differential Pressure Feedback EGR Circuit High Input
P1402
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Metering Orifice Restricted
P1403
Differential Pressure Feedback Sensor Hoses Reversed
P1404
EGR Temperature Sensor Circuit
P1405
Differential Pressure Feedback Sensor Upstream Hose Off
Or Plugged
P1406
Differential Pressure Feedback Sensor Downstream Hose Off
Or Plugged
P1407
Exhaust Gas Recirculation No Flow Detected
P1408
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Flow Out Of Self Test Range
P1409
EGR Vacuum Regulator Solenoid Circuit
P1410
Auxiliary Air Cleaner Inlet Control Circuit
P1411
Secondary Air Injection Incorrect Downstream Flow Detected
P1413
Secondary Air Injection Monitor Circuit Low Input
P1414
Secondary Air Injection Monitor Circuit High Input
P1431
Misfire Monitor Disabled, Unable to Learn Trigger Wheel
Profile
P1442
Evaporative Emission Control System Control Leak Detected
P1443
Evaporative Emission Control System Control Valve
P1444
Purge Flow Sensor Circuit Low Input
P1445
Purge Flow Sensor Circuit High Input
P1450
Unable to Bleed Up Fuel Tank Vacuum
P1451
Evaporative Emission Control System Vent Control Circuit
P1452
Unable to Bleed Up Fuel Tank Vacuum
P1455
Evaporative Emission Control System Control Leak Detected
(gross leak/no flow)
P1457
Unable to Pull Fuel Tank Vacuum
P1460
Wide Open Throttle A/C Cutout Circuit
P1461
A/C Pressure Sensor Circuit High Input
P1462
A/C Pressure Sensor Circuit Low Input
P1463
A/C Pressure Sensor Insufficient Pressure Change
P1464
A/C Demand Out Of Self Test Range
P1465
A/C Relay Circuit
P1466
A/C Refrigerant Temperature Sensor Circuit
P1469
Rapid A/C Cycling
74
E76
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
FORD (P1473 - P1566)
Code
P1473
Fan Circuit Open (VLCM)
P1474
Fan Control Primary Circuit
P1479
High Fan Control Primary Circuit
P1480
Fan Secondary Low With Low Fan On
P1481
Fan Secondary Low With High Fan On
P1482
SCP
P1483
Brake Pedal Input Short To Battery
P1484
Fan Driver Circuit Open To Power Ground (VLCM)
P1485
Brake Pedal Input Short To Battery
P1500
Vehicle Speed Sensor
P1501
Vehicle Speed Sensor Out Of Self Test Range
P1502
Vehicle Speed Sensor Intermittent
P1504
Idle Air Control Circuit
P1505
Idle Air Control System At Adaptive Clip
P1506
Idle Air Control Overspeed Error
P1507
Idle Air Control Underspeed Error
P1512
Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Closed (Bank 1)
P1513
Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Closed (Bank 2)
P1516
Intake Manifold Runner Control Input Error (Bank 1)
P1517
Intake Manifold Runner Control Input Error (Bank 2)
P1518
Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Open (Bank 1)
P1519
Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Closed (Bank 2)
P1520
Intake Manifold Runner Control Circuit
P1530
A/C Clutch Circuit Open (VLCM)
P1532
Intake Manifold Communication Control Circuit (Bank 2)
P1533
Air Assisted Injector Circuit
P1534
Restraint Deployment Indicator Circuit
P1537
Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Open (Bank 1)
P1538
Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Open (Bank 2)
P1539
A/C Clutch Circuit Overcurrent/Short (VLCM)
P1549
Intake Manifold Communication Control Circuit (Bank 1)
P1550
Power Steering Pressure Sensor Out Of Self Test Range
P1565
Speed Control Command Switch Out Of Range High
P1566
Speed Control Command Switch Out Of Range Low
OBD2
E77
Definition
75
DTC Definitions
FORD (P1567 - P1625)
Code
P1567
Speed Control Output Circuit
P1568
Speed Control Unable To Hold Speed
P1572
Brake Pedal Switch Circuit
P1573
Throttle Position Not Available
P1574
Throttle Position Sensor Outputs Disagree
P1575
Pedal Position Out Of Self Test Range
P1576
Pedal Position Not Available
P1577
Pedal Position Sensor Outputs Disagree
P1578
ETC Power Less Than Demand
P1579
ETC In Power Limiting Mode
P1580
Electronic Throttle Monitor PCM Override
P1581
Electronic Throttle Monitor Malfunction
P1582
Electronic Throttle Monitor Data Available
P1583
Electronic Throttle Monitor Cruise Disablement
P1584
Throttle Control Detected ETB Malfunction
P1585
Throttle Control Malfunction
P1586
Electronic Throttle To PCM Communication Error
P1587
Throttle Control Modulated Command Malfunction
P1588
Throttle Control Detected Loss Of Return Spring
P1589
Throttle Control Unable To Control To Desired Throttle Angle
P1605
Keep Alive Memory Test Failure
P1610
SBDS Interactive Codes
P1611
SBDS Interactive Codes
P1612
SBDS Interactive Codes
P1613
SBDS Interactive Codes
P1614
SBDS Interactive Codes
P1615
SBDS Interactive Codes
P1616
SBDS Interactive Codes
P1617
SBDS Interactive Codes
P1618
SBDS Interactive Codes
P1618
SBDS Interactive Codes
P1619
SBDS Interactive Codes
P1620
SBDS Interactive Codes
P1625
Fan Driver Circuit Open to Power B+ (VLCM)
76
E78
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
FORD (P1626 - P1716)
Code
P1626
A/C Circuit Open to Power B+ (VLCM)
P1633
Keep Alive Power Voltage Too Low
P1635
Tire/Axle Out of Acceptable Range
P1636
Inductive Signature Chip Communication Error
P1639
Vehicle ID Block Corrupted, Not Programmed
P1640
Powertrain DTCs Available In Another Control Module (Ref.
PID 0946)
P1641
Fuel Pump Primary Circuit
P1642
CAN Link Circuit
P1642
Fuel Pump Monitor Circuit Low Input [DTC will be deleted on
next version]
P1643
CAN Link ECM/TCM Circuit/Network
P1643
Fuel Pump Monitor Circuit Low Input[DTC will be deleted on next
version]
P1644
Fuel Pump Speed Control Circuit
P1650
Power Steering Pressure Switch Out Of Self Test Range
P1651
Power Steering Pressure Switch Input
P1656
CAN Link PCM/PCM Circuit Network
P1657
CAN Link Chip Malfunction
P1700
Transmission Indeterminate Failure (Failed to Neutral)
P1701
Reverse Engagement Error
P1702
Transmission Range Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P1703
Brake Switch Out Of Self Test Range
P1704
Transmission Range Circuit Not Indicating Park/Neutral
During Self Test
P1705
Transmission Range Circuit Not Indicating Park/Neutral
During Self Test
P1709
Park Neutral Position Switch Out Of Self Test Range
P1711
Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor Out Of Self Test Range
P1712
Transmission Torque Reduction Request Signal
P1713
Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor In Range Failure
(<50 deg F)
P1714
Shift Solenoid A Inductive Signature
P1715
Shift Solenoid B Inductive Signature
P1716
Shift Solenoid C Inductive Signature
OBD2
E79
Definition
77
DTC Definitions
FORD (P1717 - P1785)
Code
P1717
Shift Solenoid D Inductive Signature
P1718
Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor In Range Failure
(>250 deg F)
P1727
Coast Clutch Solenoid Inductive Signature
P1728
Transmission Slip
P1729
4x4L Switch
P1731
1-2 Shift Malfunction
P1732
2-3 Shift Malfunction
P1733
3-4 Shift Malfunction
P1740
Torque Converter Clutch Solenoid Inductive Signature
P1741
Torque Converter Clutch Solenoid Control Error
P1742
Torque Converter Clutch Solenoid Circuit Failed On
P1743
Torque Converter Clutch Solenoid Circuit Failed On
P1744
Torque Converter Clutch Solenoid Circuit Performance
P1746
Pressure Control Solenoid A Open Circuit
P1747
Pressure Control Solenoid A Short Circuit
P1749
Pressure Control Solenoid A Failed Low
P1751
Shift Solenoid A Performance
P1754
Coast Clutch Solenoid Circuit
P1756
Shift Solenoid B Performance
P1760
Pressure Control Solenoid A Short Circuit Intermittent
P1761
Shift Solenoid C Performance
P1762
Overdrive Band Failed Off
P1766
Shift Solenoid D Performance
P1767
Torque Converter Clutch Circuit
P1768
Performance/Normal/Winter Mode Input
P1770
Clutch Solenoid Circuit
P1780
Transmission Control Switch (O/D Cancel) Circuit Out Of Self
Test Range
P1781
4X4L Circuit Out Of Self Test Range
P1782
Performance/Economy Switch Circuit Out Of Self Test Range
P1783
Transmission Overtemperature Condition
P1784
Transmission Mechanical Failure - First and Reverse
P1785
Transmission Mechanical Failure - First and Second
78
E80
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
FORD (P1786 - P1882)
Code
P1786
3-2 Downshift Error
P1787
2-1 Downshift Error
P1788
Pressure Control Solenoid B Open Circuit
P1789
Pressure Control Solenoid B Short Circuit
P1795
Inconsistent CAN Level
P1804
4-Wheel Drive High Indicator Circuit Open or Shorted To Ground
P1806
4-Wheel Drive High Indicator Short To Battery
P1808
4-Wheel Drive Low Indicator Circuit Open or Short To Ground
P1810
4-Wheel Drive Low Indicator Short To Battery
P1812
4-Wheel Drive Mode Select Switch Circuit Open
P1815
4-Wheel Drive Mode Select Switch Circuit Short To Ground
P1819
Neutral Safety Switch Input Short To Ground
P1820
Transfer Case LO To HI Shift Relay Circuit Open Or Short To
Ground
P1822
Transfer Case LO To HI Shift Relay Coil Short To Battery
P1824
4-Wheel Drive Electric Clutch Relay Open Or Short To Ground
P1826
4-Wheel Drive Electric Clutch Relay Short To Battery
P1828
Transfer Case HI To LO Shift Relay Coil Circuit Open Or Short
To Ground
P1830
Transfer Case HI To LO Shift Relay Coil Circuit Short To Battery
P1832
Transfer Case 4-Wheel Drive Solenoid Circuit Open or Short To
Ground
P1834
Transfer Case 4-Wheel Drive Solenoid Circuit Short To Battery
P1838
No Shift Motor Movement Detected
P1846
Transfer Case Contact Plate ‘A’ Circuit Open
P1850
Transfer Case Contact Plate ‘B’ Circuit Open
P1854
Transfer Case Contact Plate ‘C’ Circuit Open
P1858
Transfer Case Contact Plate ‘D’ Circuit Open
P1866
Transfer Case Cannot Be Shifted
P1867
Transfer Case Contact Plate General Circuit Failure
P1876
Transfer Case 2-Wheel Drive Solenoid Circuit Open Or Short
To Ground
P1877
Transfer Case 2-Wheel Drive Solenoid Circuit Short To Battery
P1881
Engine Coolant Level Switch Circuit
P1882
Engine Coolant Level Switch Circuit Short To Ground
OBD2
E81
Definition
79
DTC Definitions
FORD (P1883 - P1901)
Code
Definition
P1883
Engine Coolant Level Switch Circuit
P1884
Engine Coolant Level Lamp Circuit Short To Ground
P1891
Transfer Case Contact Plate Ground Return Open Circuit
P1900
Output Shaft Speed Sensor Circuit Intermittent
P1901
Turbine Shaft Speed Sensor Circuit Intermittent
80
E82
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERAL MOTORS (P1031 - P1188)
MANUFACTURER SPECIFIC CODES - GENERAL
MOTORS
Code
P1031
H02 Sensor Heater Control Circuit Problem
P1106
MAP Sensor Circuit Intermittent High or Low Voltage
P1107
MAP Sensor Circuit Intermittent Voltage Low
P1108
BARO to MAP Signal Circuit Comparison Too High
P1111
IAT Sensor Circuit Intermittent Voltage High
P1112
IAT Sensor Circuit Intermittent Voltage Low (except Catera)
P1112
Intake Plenum Switchover Valve Control (Catera)
P1113
Intake Resonance Switchover Valve Control
P1114
ECT Sensor Circuit Intermittent Voltage Low
P1115
ECT Sensor Circuit Intermittent Voltage High
P1120
Throttle Positioning Sensor 1 Circuit
P1121
Throttle Positioning Sensor 1,2 Circuit Performance/ Fuel
Injector Secondary System Circuit Low
P1122
TPS Circuit Intermittent Voltage Low
P1125
APP System
P1133
HO2S/O2S Insufficient Switching Sensor 1 Or Bank 1 Sensor 1
P1134
HO2S Transition Time Ratio Bank 1 Sensor 1
P1137
HO2 Sensor Low Voltage During Power Enrichment
P1138
HO2 Sensor High Voltage During Decel Fuel Cutoff
P1139
HO2S Insufficient Switching Bank 1 Sensor 2
P1140
HO2S Transition Time Ratio Bank 1 Sensor 2
P1141
HO2 Sensor Heater Control Circuit (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
P1153
HO2S Insufficient Switching Bank 2 Sensor 1
P1154
HO2S Transition Time Ratio Bank 2 Sensor 1
P1158
HO2 Sensor Shift Rich (Bank 2 Sensor 2)/ Engine Metal
Over-Temperature Protection
P1161
HO2 Sensor Heater Control Circuit (Bank 2 Sensor 2)
P1171
Fuel System Lean During Acceleration
P1187
Engine Oil Temperature Sensor Circuit Voltage Low (except
1997 Corvette)
P1187
Engine Oil Pressure Sensor Circuit Voltage Low (1997 Corvette)
P1188
Engine Oil Temperature Sensor Circuit Voltage High
(except 1997 Corvette)
OBD2
E83
Definition
81
DTC Definitions
GENERAL MOTORS (P1188 - P1320)
Code
P1188
Engine Oil Pressure Sensor Circuit Voltage High (1997 Corvette)
P1189
Engine Oil Pressure Switch Circuit
P1200
Injector Control Circuit
P1214
Injection Pump Timing Offset
P1215
Generator Driver Circuit
P1216
Fuel Solenoid Response Time Too Short
P1217
Fuel Solenoid Response Time Too Long
P1218
Injection Pump Calibration Circuit
P1220
Throttle Position (TP) Sensor 2 Circuit Fault
P1221
TP Sensor 1, 2 Performance
P1222
Injector Control Circuit Intermittent
P1250
Early Fuel Evaporative (EFE) Heater Circuit
P1257
Boost Control Condition/Supercharge System Overboost
P1260
Fuel Pump Speed Relay Control Circuit
P1271
Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor 1-2 Correlation
P1272
Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor 2-3 Correlation
P1273
Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor 1-3 Correlation
P1275
Boost Control Condition (except 1997-98 Corvette)
P1275
Accelerator Pedal Positioning (APP) Sensor 1 Circuit (1997-98
Corvette)
P1276
Accelerator Pedal Positioning (APP) Sensor 1 Circuit
Performance
P1280
Accelerator Pedal Positioning (APP) Sensor 2 Circuit
P1281
Accelerator Pedal Positioning (APP) Sensor 2 Circuit
Performance
P1285
Accelerator Pedal Positioning (APP) Sensor 2 Circuit
P1286
Accelerator Pedal Positioning (APP) Sensor 2 Circuit
Performance
P1300
Ignition Coil 1 Primary Feedback Circuit
P1305
Ignition Coil 2 Primary Feedback Circuit
P1310
Ignition Coil 3 Primary Feedback Circuit
P1315
Ignition Coil 4 Primary Feedback Circuit
P1320
ICM 4X Reference Circuit Too Many Pulses (except 1996-98
4.0L)
P1320
ICM 4X Reference Circuit Intermittent No Pulses (1996-98
4.0L)
82
E84
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERAL MOTORS (P1323 - P1406)
Code
P1323
ICM 24X Reference Circuit Low Frequency
P1335
Crankshaft Positioning Sensing Circuit
P1336
CKP System Variation Not Learned
P1345
Camshaft To Crankshaft Position Correlation Fault
P1346
CKP Sensor System Variation Not Learned/ Intake Camshaft
Position Performance
P1349
Intake Camshaft Position System
P1350
Ignition Control System
P1351
Ignition Control Circuit Voltage High (except 1998 3.1L)
P1351
Ignition Control Circuit Open (1998 3.1L)
P1352
Bypass Circuit Open Or Voltage High
P1359
Ignition Coil Group 1 Control Circuit
P1360
Ignition Coil group 2 Control Circuit
P1361
IC Circuit Not Toggling
P1361
Ignition Control Circuit Voltage Low (Distributor Ignition)
P1362
Bypass Circuit Shorted Or Voltage Low
P1370
ICM 4X Reference Too Many Pulses
P1371
ICM 4X Reference Too Few Pulses (except Caprice, Fleetwood,
Impala SS & Roadmaster)
P1371
Distributor Ignition Low Resolution Circuit (Caprice, Fleetwood,
Impala SS & Roadmaster)
P1372
CKP Sensor A-B Correlation
P1374
3X Reference Circuit
P1375
ICM 24X Reference Voltage Too High
P1376
Ignition Ground Circuit
P1377
ICM Cam Pulse To 4X Reference Pulse Comparison
P1380
ABS/EBCM/EB(T)CM DTC Detected/Rough Road Data
Unusable
P1381
Misfire Detected No EBCM/EB(T)CM/PCM Serial Data
P1401
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) flow test fault
P1403
EGR Error
P1404
EGR Valve Closed Pintle Position
P1404
EGR Valve Stuck Open Or Circuit Performance
P1405
EGR Error
P1406
EGR Valve Pintle Position Circuit
OBD2
E85
Definition
83
DTC Definitions
GENERAL MOTORS (P1408 - P1527)
Code
P1408
MAP Sensor Circuit
P1410
Fuel Tank Pressure System
P1415
AIR System Bank 1
P1416
AIR System Bank 2
P1431
Fuel Level Sensor 2 Circuit Performance
P1432
Fuel Level Sensor 2 Circuit Voltage Low
P1433
Fuel Level Sensor 2 Circuit Voltage High
P1441
EVAP System Flow During Non-Purge
P1442
EVAP Vacuum Switch Circuit
P1450
BARO Sensor Circuit
P1451
BARO Sensor Circuit
P1460
Cooling Fan Circuit (except Catera)
P1460
Misfire Detected With Low Fuel (Catera)
P1483
Engine Cooling System Performance
P1500
Starter Signal Circuit
P1501
Theft Deterrent System
P1502
Theft Deterrent System No Password Received
P1503
Theft Deterrent System Password Improper
P1508
Idle Air Control (IAC) System Low RPM
P1509
IAC System High RPM
P1510
Back-Up Power Supply
P1511
Throttle Control System- Backup System Performance
P1514
TAC System MAF Performance
P1515
Command vs Actual Throttle Position Performance (PCM)
P1516
Command vs Actual Throttle Position Performance (TAC
Module)
P1517
TAC Module Processor
P1518
PCM To TAC Module Serial Data Circuit
P1519
Throttle Actuator Control Module
P1520
Park/Neutral Position Switch Circuit, Gear Indicator System
P1523
Throttle Closed Position Performance
P1524
TPS Learned Closed Throttle Angle Degrees Out Of Range
P1526
TPS Learn Not Completed
P1527
Trans Range/Pressure Switch Comparison
84
E86
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERAL MOTORS (P1530 - P1571)
Code
P1530
Ignition Timing Adjustment Switch Circuit
P1530
A/C Refrigerant Pressure Sensor Error
P1531
Low Air Conditioning Refrigerant Charge
P1532
A/C Evaporator Temperature Circuit Voltage Low
P1533
A/C Low Side Temperature Sensor Circuit
P1535
A/C/ High Side Temperature Sensor Circuit
P1536
A/C System ECT Overtemperature
P1537
A/C Request Circuit Voltage Low
P1538
A/C Request Circuit Voltage High
P1539
A/C High Pressure Switch Circuit Voltage High
P1540
A/C System High Pressure
P1542
A/C System High Pressure/High Temperature
P1543
A/C System Performance
P1545
A/C Clutch Relay Control Circuit
P1546
A/C Clutch Relay Control Circuit Voltage Low (except
1996-98 Camaro/Firebird & 1997-98 Corvette)
P1546
A/C Clutch Status Circuit Voltage Low (1996-98 Camaro/
Firebird & 1997-98 Corvette)
P1550
Stepper Motor Speed Control
P1554
Speed Control Status Circuit
P1555
Electronic Variable Orifice Fault (Saturn)
P1558
Speed Control (SPS Low)
P1560
Speed Control System/Transaxle Not In Drive
P1561
Speed Control Vent Solenoid
P1562
Speed Control Vacuum Solenoid
P1564
Speed Control System/Vehicle Acceleration Too High
(except Catera)
P1564
ECM Battery Voltage Loss (Catera)
P1565
Speed Control Servo Position Sensor
P1566
Speed Control System/Engine RPM Too High
P1567
Speed Control Switches/ABCS Active
P1568
Speed Control (SPS High)
P1570
Speed Control System/Traction Control Active
P1571
TCS Desired Torque Circuit (except 4.0L, 4.6L &
1997-98 5.7L Corvette)
OBD2
E87
Definition
85
DTC Definitions
GENERAL MOTORS (P1571 - P1610)
Code
P1571
Traction Control System PWM Circuit No Frequency (4.0L & 4.6L)
P1571
ASR Desired Torque (1997-98 5.7L Corvette)
P1572
Traction Control System Active Circuit Voltage Low Too Long
P1573
PCM/EBTCM Serial Data Circuit
P1573
Engine Hot Lamp Control Circuit
P1574
EBTCM System/Stop Lamp Circuit Voltage High (except
1997-98 Corvette)
P1574
Stop Lamp Control Circuit (1997-98 Corvette)
P1575
Extended Travel Brake Switch Circuit Voltage High
P1576
Brake Booster Vacuum Sensor Circuit Voltage High
P1577
Brake Booster Vacuum Sensor Circuit Voltage Low
P1578
Brake Booster Vacuum Sensor Circuit Low Vacuum
P1579
Park/Neutral To Drive/Reverse At High Throttle Angle
P1580
Cruise Control Module Move Circuit, Low Voltage
P1581
Cruise Control Module Move Circuit, High Voltage
P1582
Cruise Control Module Direction Circuit, Low Voltage
P1583
Cruise Control Module Direction Circuit, High Voltage
P1584
Cruise Control Disabled
P1585
Cruise Control Inhibit Output Circuit
P1586
Cruise Control Brake Switch 2 Circuit
P1599
Engine Stall Or Near Stall Detected
P1600
PCM Battery
P1600
Serial Communication Between PCM & TCM
P1601
Loss of Serial Communication (Except Catera)
P1601
ECM Overtemperature
P1602
Loss Of EBC/EBTCM Serial Data (Except Catera)
P1602
KS Module Circuit (Catera)
P1603
Loss Of SDM Serial Data
P1604
Loss of IPC Serial Data
P1605
Loss of HVAC Serial Data
P1607
Engine Oil Level Switch Circuit
P1610
Loss Of PZM Serial Data (1996-97 Except 1997 Cutlass
& Malibu)
P1610
Failure With Body Function Controller (1997 Cutlass & Malibu)
86
E88
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERAL MOTORS (P1610 - P1642)
Code
P1610
Standard Body Module Series Data CKT (1998)
P1611
Loss Of CVRTD Serial Data
P1617
Engine Oil Level Switch Circuit
P1619
Engine Oil Lite Monitor Reset Circuit
P1620
Low Engine Coolant Level (Saturn)
P1621
PCM Memory Performance (Except 1998 5.7L)
P1621
VCM EEPROM Performance (1998 5.7L)
P1623
PCM Prom Error/ Transaxle Temperature Pull-Up Resistor
Fault (Saturn Z body)
P1624
Customer Snapshot Data Available (Saturn)
P1625
TCM Flash Checksum Fault (Saturn)
P1626
Theft Deterrent System Fuel Enable Circuit
P1627
A/D Performance
P1628
PCM Engine Control Temp Pull-Up Resistor
P1629
Theft Deterrent System Fuel Enable Circuit Improper Signal
Detected During Engine Cranking (Except 1997-98 2.2L, 2.4L,
3.1L & 3.8L)
P1629
Theft Deterrent Crank Signal Malfunction (1997-98 2.2L,
2.4L, 3.1L & 3.8L)
P1630
Theft Deterrent System/PCM/VCM in Learn Mode
P1631
Theft Deterrent System Password Improper
P1632
Theft Deterrent System Fuel Disabled
P1633
Ignition Supplemental Power Circuit Voltage Low
P1634
Ignition 1 Power Circuit Voltage Low
P1635
5 Volt Reference (A Or 1) Circuit
P1637
Alternator L Terminal Circuit
P1638
Alternator F Terminal Circuit
P1639
5 Volt Reference (B Or 2) Circuit
P1640
Driver 1 Input Voltage High
P1641
MIL Control Circuit (Except 5.7L VINs P & 5 & 1998 3.1L & 3.8L)
P1641
Fan Control Relay 1 Control Circuit (5.7L VINs P & 5)
P1641
A/C Relay Control Circuit (1998 3.1L & 3.8L)
P1642
Vehicle Speed Output Circuit (Except 3.4L, 5.7L VINs P & 5 &
1998 3.8L)
P1642
Fan Control Relay 2 & 3 Control Circuit (5.7L VINs P & 5)
OBD2
E89
Definition
87
DTC Definitions
GENERAL MOTORS (P1642 - P1663)
Code
P1642
AIR Control Circuit (3.4L)
P1642
Change Oil Lamp Control Circuit (1998 3.1L Lumina & Monte
Carlo)
P1643
Fuel Pump PWM Control Circuit (Except 5.7L VINs P & 5)
P1643
Engine RPM Output Circuit (5.7L VINs P & 5)
P1644
Delivered Torque Output Circuit
P1645
Boost Control Solenoid Circuit (Except 4.0L & 4.6L)
P1645
EVAP Solenoid Output Circuit (4.0L & 4.6L)
P1646
Boost Control Solenoid Control Circuit (Except 4.0L & 4.6L)
P1646
EVAP Vent Valve Output Circuit (4.0L & 4.6L)
P1650
Driver 2 Input Voltage High
P1651
Fan On Relay Control Circuit/Output Driver Module (Quad
Driver) 'B' Quickset Fault (Saturn)
P1651
Fan 1 Relay Control Circuit
P1652
Fan 2 Relay Control Circuit (Except Cadillac & Corvette)
P1652
VSS Output Circuit (1996 Corvette)
P1652
Powertrain Induced Chassis Pitch Output Circuit (1997- 98
Corvette)
P1652
Lift/Drive Output Circuit (Cadillac)
P1653
TCS Delivered Torque Control Circuit (Except Caprice,
Roadmaster & 1998 3.8L)
P1653
Oil Level Lamp Control Circuit (Caprice, Fleetwood &
Roadmaster)
P1653
Fuel Level Output Control Circuit (1998 3.8L)
P1654
A/C Relay Control Circuit (Except 4.0L & 4.6L)
P1654
Cruise Disable Output Circuit (4.0L & 4.6L)
P1655
EVAP Purge Solenoid Control Circuit
P1656
Wastegate Solenoid Control Circuit
P1657
Skip Shift 1-4 Upshift
P1660
Cooling Fan Control Circuits
P1661
MIL Control Circuit
P1662
Speed Control Inhibit Control Circuit
P1663
Alternator Lamp Control Circuit (Except Caprice, Fleetwood
& Roadmaster)
P1663
Change Oil Lamp Control Circuit (Caprice, Fleetwood &
Roadmaster)
88
E90
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
GENERAL MOTORS (P1664 - P1825)
Code
P1664
Skip Shift 1-4 Upshift Lamp Control Circuit
P1665
DBCM/DBTCM Serial Data Circuit (1996-97)
P1665
EVAP Vent Valve Solenoid Control Circuit (1998)
P1667
Reverse Inhibitor Solenoid Control Circuit (1996-97)
P1667
Fuel Pump Speed Control Circuit (1998)
P1670
QDM 4 Circuit
P1671
MIL Control Circuit
P1671
Oil Change Lamp Control Circuit
P1672
Low Engine Oil Level Lamp Circuit
P1673
Engine Hot Lamp Control Circuit
P1674
Tachometer Control Circuit
P1675
EVAP Vent Solenoid Control Circuit
P1676
EVAP Canister Purge Solenoid Control CKT
P1689
TCS Delivered Torque Control Circuit
P1700
MIL Requested By TCM
P1701
MIL Request Circuit
P1740
Torque Management Request Circuits, Transmission &
Traction Control (Except Catera)
P1740
Torque Control/Management Request Circuits (Catera)
P1760
Transmission Control Module Supply Voltage Interrupted
P1780
Park Neutral Position Switch Circuit
P1781
Engine Torque Signal Circuit
P1792
ECM To Transmission Control Module Engine Coolant
Signal
P1800
ECM To Transmission Control Module Engine Coolant
Signal
P1810
ATF Pressure Manual Valve Position Switch Malfunction
P1811
Long Shift & Max Adapt
P1812
TOT Condition
P1814
Torque Converter Overstress
P1819
Internal Mode Switch - No Start
P1820
Internal Mode Switch Circuit 'A' Low
P1822
Internal Mode Switch Circuit 'B' Low
P1823
Internal Mode Switch Circuit 'P' Low
P1825
Internal Mode Switch - Invalid Range
OBD2
E91
Definition
89
DTC Definitions
GENERAL MOTORS (P1826 - P1895)
Code
P1826
Internal Mode Switch - Invalid Range
P1835
Kickdown Switch Circuit
P1842
1-2 Shift Solenoid Circuit Low Input
P1843
1-2 Shift Solenoid Circuit High Input
P1845
2-3 Shift Solenoid Circuit Low Input
P1847
2-3 Shift Solenoid Circuit High Input
P1850
Brake Band Apply Solenoid
P1860
TCC PWM Solenoid Circuit
P1864
TCC Enable Solenoid Circuit
P1868
Transmission Fluid Life
P1870
Trans Component Slipping
P1875
4WD Low Switch Circuit Electrical
P1886
Transaxle Shift, Timing Solenoid Performance
P1887
TCC Release Switch Malfunction
P1890
Throttle Position Signal Input
P1895
Engine Torque Delivered Circuit
90
E92
Definition
OBD2
DTC Definitions
HONDA (P1106- P1382)
MANUFACTURER SPECIFIC CODES - HONDA
Code
P1106
BARO Circuit Range/Performance
P1107
BARO Circuit Low Input
P1108
BARO Circuit High Input
P1121
Throttle Position Lower Than Expected
P1122
Throttle Position Higher Than Expected
P1128
MAP Lower Than Expected
P1129
MAP Higher Than Expected
P1149
Primary HO2S (Sensor 1) Circuit Range/Performance Problem
P1162
Primary HO2S (No. 1) Circuit Malfunction
P1163
Primary HO2S (No. 1) Circuit Slow Response
P1164
Primary HO2S (No. 1) Circuit Range/Performance
P1165
Primary HO2S (No. 1) Circuit Range/Performance
P1166
Primary HO2S (No. 1) Heater System Electrical
P1167
Primary HO2S (No. 1) Heater System
P1168
Primary HO2S (No. 1) LABEL Low Input
P1169
Primary HO2S (No. 1) LABEL High Input
P1253
VTEC System Malfunction
P1257
VTEC System Malfunction
P1258
VTEC System Malfunction
P1259
VTEC System Malfunction
P1297
Electrical Load Detector Circuit Low Input
P1298
Electrical Load Detector Circuit High Input
P1300
Multiple Cylinder Misfire Detected
P1336
CSF Sensor Intermittent Interruption
P1337
CSF Sensor No Signal
P1359
CKP/TDC Sensor Connector Disconnection
P1361
TDC Sensor Intermittent Interruption
P1362
TDC Sensor No Signal
P1366
TDC Sensor No. 2 Intermittent Interruption
P1367
TDC Sensor No. 2 Signal
P1381
Cylinder Position Sensor Intermittent Interruption
P1382
Cylinder Position Sensor No Signal
OBD2
E93
Definition
91
DTC Definitions
HONDA (P1456 - P1687)
Code
Definition
P1456
EVAP Emission Control System Leak Detected (Fuel Tank
System)
P1457
EVAP Emission Control System Leak Detected (Control
Canister System)
P1459
EVAP Emission Purge Flow Switch Malfunction
P1491
EGR valve Lift Insufficient Detected
P1498
EGR Valve Lift Sensor High Voltage
P1508
IAC Valve Circuit Failure
P1509
IAC Valve Circuit Failure
P1519
Idle Air Control Valve Circuit Failure
P1607
EGM/PGM Internal Circuit Failure A
P1655
SEA/SEFA/TMA/TMB Signal Line Failure
P1660
A/T FI Signal A Circuit Failure
P1681
A/T FI Signal A Low Input
P1682
A/T FI Signal A High Input
P1686
A/T FI Signal B Low Input
P1687
A/T FI Signal B Low Input
92
E94
OBD2
DTC Definitions
TOYOTA (P1100- P1346)
MANUFACTURER SPECIFIC CODES - TOYOTA
Code
P1100
BARO Sensor Circuit malfunction
P1120
Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor Circuit Malfunction
P1121
Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor Range/Performance Problem
P1125
Throttle Control Motor Circuit Malfunction
P1126
Magnetic Clutch Circuit Malfunction
P1127
ETCS Actuator Power Source Circuit Malfunction
P1128
Throttle Control Motor Lock Malfunction
P1129
Electric Throttle Control System Malfunction
P1130
Air-Fuel Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
P1133
Air-Fuel Sensor Circuit Response Malfunction
P1135
Air-Fuel Sensor Heater Circuit Response Malfunction
P1150
A/F Sensor Circuit Range/Performance Malfunction
P1153
A./F Sensor Circuit Response Malfunction
P1155
A/F Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction
P1200
Fuel Pump Relay Circuit Malfunction
P1300
Igniter Circuit Malfunction No. 1
P1305
Igniter Circuit Malfunction No. 2 (1998-2000 Land Cruiser,
2000 Celica & Tundra)
P1310
Igniter Circuit Malfunction No. 2 (Except 1998-2000 Land
Cruiser, 2000 Celica & Tundra)
P1310
Igniter Circuit Malfunction No. 3 (1998-2000 Land Cruiser,
2000 Celica & Tundra)
P1315
Igniter Circuit Malfunction No. 4 (1998-2000 Land Cruiser,
2000 Celica & Tundra)
P1320
Igniter Circuit Malfunction No. 5 (1998-2000 Land Cruiser
& 2000 Tundra)
P1325
Igniter Circuit Malfunction No. 6 (1998-2000 Land Cruiser
& 2000 Tundra)
P1330
Igniter Circuit Malfunction No. 7 (1998-2000 Land
Cruiser & 2000 Tundra)
P1335
No CKP Sensor Signal Engine Running
P1340
Igniter Circuit Malfunction No. 8 (1998-2000 Land
Cruiser & 2000 Tundra)
P1346
VVT Sensor /Camshaft Position Sensor Circuit Range/
Performance Problem (Bank 1)
OBD2
E95
Definition
93
DTC Definitions
TOYOTA (P1349 - P1780)
Code
P1349
VVT System Malfunction
P1400
Sub-Throttle Position Sensor Malfunction
P1401
Sub-Throttle Position Sensor Range/Performance Problem
P1405
Turbo Pressure Sensor Circuit Malfunction
P1406
Turbo Pressure Sensor Range/Performance Problem
P1410
EGR
P1411
EGR Valve Position Sensor Circuit Ranger/Performance
P1500
Starter Signal Circuit Malfunction
P1510
Boost Pressure Control Circuit Malfunction
P1511
Boost Pressure Low Malfunction
P1512
Boost Pressure High Malfunction
P1520
Stop Lamp Switch Signal Malfunction
P1565
Cruise Control Main Switch Circuit Malfunction
P1600
ECM BATT Malfunction
P1605
Knock Control CPU Malfunction
P1630
Traction Control System Malfunction
P1633
ECM Malfunction ECTS Circuit
P1645
Body ECU Malfunction
P1652
IACV Control Circuit Malfunction
P1656
OCV Circuit Malfunction
P1658
Waste Gate Valve Control Circuit Malfunction
P1661
EGR Circuit Malfunction
P1662
EGR By-Pass Valve Control Circuit Malfunction
P1690
OCV Circuit Malfunction
P1692
OCV Open Malfunction
P1693
OCV Closed Malfunction
P1780
PNP Switch Malfunction
94
E96
Definition
Valve Position Sensor Circuit Malfunction
OBD2
Glossary
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
INTRODUCTION
This Glossary contains definitions for abbreviations and terms you
may find in this manual or in your vehicle service manual.
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
CARB – California Air Resources Board
CCM – Central Control Module
Computer Control System – An electronic control system,
consisting of an on-board computer and related sensors, switches
and actuators, used to ensure peak performance and fuel
efficiency while reducing pollutants in the vehicle’s emissions.
DIY – Do-It-Yourself
DLC – Data Link Connector
Drive Cycle – An extended set of driving procedures that takes
into consideration the various types of driving conditions
encountered in real life.
Driving Condition – A specific environmental or operation
condition under which a vehicle is operated; such as starting the
vehicle when cold, driving at steady speed (cruising),
accelerating, etc.
DTC(s) – Diagnostic Trouble Code(s)
EGR – Exhaust Gas Recirculation
EPA – Environmental Protection Agency
EVAP – Evaporative Emissions System
Fault Code – See DTCs
Freeze Frame – A digital representation of engine and/or
emissions system conditions present when a fault code was
recorded.
FTP – Fuel Tank Pressure
Generic Code – A DTC that applies to all OBD 2 compliant
vehicles.
I/M Readiness – An indication of whether or not a vehicle’s
emissions-related system are operating properly and are ready
for Inspection and Maintenance testing.
I/M Test / Emissions Test / Smog Check – A functional test of a
vehicle to determine if tailpipe emissions are within
Federal/State/Local requirements.
LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
OBD2
E97
95
Glossary
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
Manufacturer Specific Code – A DTC that applies only to OBD
2 compliant vehicles made by a specific manufacturer.
MIL – Malfunction Indicator Lamp (also referred to as “Check
Engine” light
OBD 1 – On-Board Diagnostics Version 1 (also referred to as
“OBD I”)
OBD 2 – On-Board Diagnostics Version 2 (also referred to as
“OBD II”)
On-Board Computer – The central processing unit in the
vehicle’s computer control system.
PCM – Powertrain Control Module
Pending Code – A code recorded on the “first trip” for a “two-trip”
code. If the fault that caused the code to be set is not detected on
the second trip, the code is automatically erased.
Trip Drive Cycle – Vehicle operation that provides the necessary
driving condition to enable a vehicle Monitor to run and complete
its diagnostic testing.
VECI – Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal
96
E98
OBD2
Warranty and Servicing
The Manufacturer warrants to the original purchaser that this unit is
free of defects in materials and workmanship under normal use and
maintenance for a period of one (1) year from the date of original
purchase. If the unit fails within the one (1) year period, it will be
repaired or replaced, at the Manufacturer's option, at no charge,
when returned prepaid to the Technical Service Center with Proof of
Purchase. The sales receipt may be used for this purpose.
Installation labor is not covered under this warranty.
All replacement parts, whether new or re-manufactured, assume as
their warranty period for only the remaining time of this warranty. This
warranty does not apply to damage caused by improper use,
accident, abuse, improper voltage, service, fire, flood, lightning, or
other acts of God, or if the product was altered or repaired by anyone
other than the Manufacturer's Technical Service Center.
Consequential and incidental damages are not recoverable under this
warranty. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of
incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or
exclusion may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have
other rights, which vary from state to state. No portion of this warranty
may be copied or duplicated without the expressed written permission
from the Manufacturer.
Obtaining Warranty Service:
Products requiring service should be returned as follows:
1. Call the Technical Service Center to obtain a Return Reference
Number:
USA & Canada = 1-800-544-4124 (6am-6pm, 7 days a week,PST)
Other = 714-241-6802 (6am-6pm, 7 days a week,PST)
2. Package the product carefully to prevent shipping damage
3. Include your name, return address, and a day contact phone
4. Enclose a copy of the dated sales receipt
5. Describe the problem
6. Ship prepaid to: Technical Service Center, 17352 Von Karman
Ave, Irvine, CA 92614 U.S.A.
Phone: 1-800-544-4124 or 714-241-6802
Fax: 714-432-3979
Web: www.innova.com
OBD2
E99
97
E100
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