Customizing Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow Monitors

Customizing Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow Monitors
Customizing Flexible NetFlow Flow Records
and Flow Monitors
Last Updated: October 31, 2011
This document contains information about and instructions for customizing Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow
flow records and flow monitors. If the tasks and configuration examples in the "Getting Started with
Configuring Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow" module and the "Configuring Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow with
Predefined Records" module were not suitable for your traffic analysis requirements, you can use the
information and instructions in this document to customize Flexible NetFlow to meet your traffic analysis
requirements.
NetFlow is a Cisco IOS technology that provides statistics on packets flowing through a router. NetFlow is
the standard for acquiring IP operational data from IP networks. NetFlow provides data to support network
and security monitoring, network planning, traffic analysis, and IP accounting.
Flexible NetFlow improves on original NetFlow by adding the capability to customize the traffic analysis
parameters for your specific requirements. Flexible NetFlow facilitates the creation of more complex
configurations for traffic analysis and data export through the use of reusable configuration components.
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Finding Feature Information, page 1
Prerequisites for Customizing Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow Monitors, page 2
Information About Customizing Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow Monitors, page 2
How to Customize Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow Monitors, page 3
Configuration Examples for Customizing Flow Records and Flow Monitors, page 11
Where to Go Next, page 14
Additional References, page 15
Feature Information for Flexible NetFlow, page 16
Finding Feature Information
Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature
information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information
about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is
supported, see the Feature Information Table at the end of this document.
Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support.
To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.
Americas Headquarters:
Cisco Systems, Inc., 170 West Tasman Drive, San Jose, CA 95134-1706 USA
Criteria for Identifying Traffic To Be Used in Analysis in Flexible NetFlow
Prerequisites for Customizing Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow Monitors
Prerequisites for Customizing Flexible NetFlow Flow Records
and Flow Monitors
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You are familiar with the information in the " Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Overview " module.
You are familiar with the Flexible NetFlow key fields as they are defined in the following commands
in the Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference :
◦ match flow
◦ match interface
◦ match {ipv4 | ipv6}
◦ match routing
◦ match transport
You are familiar with the Flexible NetFlow nonkey fields as they are defined in the following
commands in the Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference :
◦ collect counter
◦ collect flow
◦ collect interface
◦ collect{ipv4 | ipv6}
◦ collect routing
◦ collect timestamp sys-uptime
◦ collect transport
The networking device must be running a Cisco IOS release that supports Flexible NetFlow.
IPv4 Traffic
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The networking device must be configured for IPv4 routing.
One of the following must be enabled on your router and on any interfaces on which you want to
enable Flexible NetFlow: Cisco Express Forwarding or distributed Cisco Express Forwarding.
IPv6 Traffic
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The networking device must be configured for IPv6 routing.
One of the following must be enabled on your router and on any interfaces on which you want to
enable Flexible NetFlow: Cisco Express Forwarding IPv6 or distributed Cisco Express Forwarding.
Information About Customizing Flexible NetFlow Flow
Records and Flow Monitors
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Criteria for Identifying Traffic To Be Used in Analysis in Flexible NetFlow, page 2
Criteria for Identifying Traffic To Be Used in Analysis in Flexible NetFlow
If the predefined Flexible NetFlow records are not suitable for your traffic requirements, you can create a
user-defined (custom) record using the Flexible NetFlow collect and match commands. Before you can
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Criteria for Identifying Traffic To Be Used in Analysis in Flexible NetFlow
How to Customize Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow Monitors
create a customized record, you must decide the criteria that you are going to use for the key and nonkey
fields.
If you want to create a customized record for detecting network attacks, you must include the appropriate
key and nonkey fields in the record to ensure that the router creates the flows and captures the data that you
need to analyze the attack and respond to it. For example, SYN flood attacks are a common denial of
service (DoS) attack in which TCP flags are used to flood open TCP requests to a destination host. When a
normal TCP connection starts, a destination host receives a SYN (synchronize/start) packet from a source
host and sends back a SYN ACK (synchronize acknowledge). The destination host must then hear an ACK
(acknowledge) of the SYN ACK before the connection is established. This is referred to as the "TCP threeway handshake." While the destination host waits for the ACK to the SYN ACK, a connection queue of
finite size on the destination host keeps track of connections waiting to be completed. This queue typically
empties quickly because the ACK is expected to arrive a few milliseconds after the SYN ACK. The TCP
SYN attack exploits this design by having an attacking source host generate TCP SYN packets with
random source addresses toward a victim host. The victim destination host sends a SYN ACK back to the
random source address and adds an entry to the connection queue. Because the SYN ACK is destined for
an incorrect or nonexistent host, the last part of the TCP three-way handshake is never completed and the
entry remains in the connection queue until a timer expires, typically for about one minute. Rapid
generation by the source of TCP SYN packets from random IP addresses can fill the connection queue and
cause denial of TCP services (such as e-mail, file transfer, or WWW) to legitimate users.
The information needed for a security monitoring record for this type of DoS attack might include the
following key and nonkey fields:
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Key fields:
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◦ Destination IP address or destination IP subnet
◦ TCP flags
◦ Packet count
Nonkey fields
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◦
◦
Tip
Destination IP address
Source IP address
Interface input and output
Many users configure a general Flexible NetFlow monitor that triggers a more detailed Flexible NetFlow
view of a DoS attack using these key and nonkey fields.
How to Customize Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow
Monitors
Note
Only the keywords and arguments required for the Flexible NetFlow commands used in these tasks are
explained in these tasks. For information about the other keywords and arguments available for these
Flexible NetFlow commands, refer to the Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference.
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Configuring a Customized Flow Record, page 4
Creating a Customized Flow Monitor, page 6
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Configuring a Customized Flow Record
How to Customize Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow Monitors
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Applying a Flow Monitor to an Interface, page 9
Configuring a Customized Flow Record
Customized flow records are used to analyze traffic data for a specific purpose. A customized flow record
must have at least one match criterion for use as the key field and typically has at least one collect criterion
for use as a nonkey field.
There are hundreds of possible permutations of customized flow records. This task explains the steps that
are used to create one of the possible permutations. Modify the steps in these tasks as appropriate to create
a customized flow record for your requirements.
To configure a customized flow record, perform the following task.
SUMMARY STEPS
1. enable
2. configure terminal
3. flow record record-name
4. description description
5. match {ipv4 | ipv6}{destination | source} {address | {mask | prefix} [minimum-mask mask]}
6. Repeat Step 5 as required to configure additional key fields for the record.
7. collect {ipv4 | ipv6} source {address | {mask | prefix} [minimum-mask mask]}
8. Repeat Step 7 as required to configure additional nonkey fields for the record.
9. end
10. show flow record record-name
11. show running-config flow record record-name
DETAILED STEPS
Command or Action
Step 1 enable
Purpose
Enables privileged EXEC mode.
•
Enter your password if prompted.
Example:
Router> enable
Step 2 configure terminal
Example:
Router# configure terminal
4
Enters global configuration mode.
Configuring a Customized Flow Record
How to Customize Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow Monitors
Command or Action
Step 3 flow record record-name
Example:
Purpose
Creates a flow record and enters Flexible NetFlow flow
record configuration mode.
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This command also allows you to modify an existing
flow record.
Router(config)# flow record FLOW-RECORD-1
Step 4 description description
(Optional) Creates a description for the flow record.
Example:
Router(config-flow-record)# description Used
for basic traffic analysis
Step 5 match {ipv4 | ipv6}{destination | source} {address |
{mask | prefix} [minimum-mask mask]}
Configures a key field for the flow record.
Note This example configures the IPv4 destination address
as a key field for the record. For information about the
other key fields available for the match ipv4
command, and the other match commands that are
available to configure key fields, refer to the Cisco
IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference .
Example:
Router(config-flow-record)# match ipv4
destination address
Step 6 Repeat Step 5 as required to configure additional key
fields for the record.
--
Step 7 collect {ipv4 | ipv6} source {address | {mask | prefix}
[minimum-mask mask]}
Configures one or more of the IPv4 source fields in the flow
as a nonkey field for the record.
Note This example configures the IPv4 source address as a
nonkey field for the record. For information on the
other collect commands that are available to configure
nonkey fields, refer to the Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow
Command Reference .
Example:
Router(config-flow-record)# collect ipv4 source
address
Step 8 Repeat Step 7 as required to configure additional nonkey
fields for the record.
--
Step 9 end
Exits Flexible NetFlow flow record configuration mode and
returns to privileged EXEC mode.
Example:
Router(config-flow-record)# end
Step 10 show flow record record-name
(Optional) Displays the current status of the specified flow
record.
Example:
Router# show flow record FLOW_RECORD-1
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Creating a Customized Flow Monitor
How to Customize Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow Monitors
Command or Action
Step 11 show running-config flow record record-name
Purpose
(Optional) Displays the configuration of the specified flow
record.
Example:
Router# show running-config flow record
FLOW_RECORD-1
Creating a Customized Flow Monitor
To create a customized flow monitor, perform the following required task.
Each flow monitor has a separate cache assigned to it. Each flow monitor requires a record to define the
contents and layout of its cache entries. These record formats can be one of the predefined formats, or an
advanced user can create a customized format using the flow record command. This task uses the record
that you created in the Configuring a Customized Flow Record, page 4.
If you want to use a customized record instead of using one of the Flexible NetFlow predefined records,
you must create the customized record before you can perform this task. Refer to the Configuring a
Customized Flow Record, page 4 for information about and instructions for creating a customized flow
record.
If you want to add a flow exporter to the flow monitor for data export, you must create the exporter before
you can complete this task. Refer to the "Configuring Data Export for Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow with
Flow Exporters" module for information about and instructions for creating a flow exporter.
Note
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You must use the no ip flow monitorcommand to remove a flow monitor from all of the interfaces to
which you have applied it before you can modify the parameters for the record command on the flow
monitor. For information about the ip flow monitor command, refer to the Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow
Command Reference .
Creating a Customized Flow Monitor
How to Customize Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow Monitors
SUMMARY STEPS
1. enable
2. configure terminal
3. flow monitor monitor-name
4. description description
5. record {record-name | netflow-original | netflow {ipv4 | ipv6} record [peer]}
6. cache {entries number | timeout {active |inactive|update} seconds | type {immediate | normal |
permanent}}
7. Repeat Step 6 as required to finish modifying the cache parameters for this flow monitor.
8. statistics packet protocol
9. statistics packet size
10. exporter exporter-name
11. end
12. show flow monitor [[name] monitor-name [cache [format {csv | record | table}]][statistics]]
13. show running-config flow monitor monitor-name
DETAILED STEPS
Command or Action
Step 1 enable
Purpose
Enables privileged EXEC mode.
•
Enter your password if prompted.
Example:
Router> enable
Step 2 configure terminal
Enters global configuration mode.
Example:
Router# configure terminal
Step 3 flow monitor monitor-name
Example:
Creates a flow monitor and enters Flexible NetFlow flow
monitor configuration mode.
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This command also allows you to modify an existing
flow monitor.
Router(config)# flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-1
Step 4 description description
(Optional) Creates a description for the flow monitor.
Example:
Router(config-flow-monitor)# description Used
for basic ipv4 traffic analysis
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Creating a Customized Flow Monitor
How to Customize Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow Monitors
Command or Action
Step 5 record {record-name | netflow-original | netflow {ipv4 |
ipv6} record [peer]}
Purpose
Specifies the record for the flow monitor.
Example:
Router(config-flow-monitor)# record FLOW-RECORD-1
Step 6 cache {entries number | timeout {active |inactive|update} (Optional) Modifies the flow monitor cache parameters
such as timeout values, number of cache entries, and the
seconds | type {immediate | normal | permanent}}
cache type.
Example:
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Router(config-flow-monitor)# cache entries 1000
The values for the keywords associated with the
timeout keyword have no effect when the cache type
is set to immediate.
Step 7 Repeat Step 6 as required to finish modifying the cache
parameters for this flow monitor.
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Step 8 statistics packet protocol
(Optional) Enables the collection of protocol distribution
statistics for Flexible NetFlow monitors.
Example:
Router(config-flow-monitor)# statistics packet
protocol
Step 9 statistics packet size
(Optional) Enables the collection of size distribution
statistics for Flexible NetFlow monitors.
Example:
Router(config-flow-monitor)# statistics packet
size
Step 10 exporter exporter-name
Example:
Router(config-flow-monitor)# exporter EXPORTER-1
Step 11 end
Example:
Router(config-flow-monitor)# end
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(Optional) Specifies the name of an exporter that was
created previously.
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Refer to the "Configuring Data Export for Cisco IOS
Flexible NetFlow with Flow Exporters" module for
information about and instructions for configuring
flow exporters.
Exits Flexible NetFlow flow monitor configuration mode
and returns to privileged EXEC mode.
Applying a Flow Monitor to an Interface
How to Customize Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow Monitors
Command or Action
Purpose
Step 12 show flow monitor [[name] monitor-name [cache [format (Optional) Displays the status and statistics for a Flexible
NetFlow flow monitor.
{csv | record | table}]][statistics]]
Example:
Router# show flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-2 cache
Step 13 show running-config flow monitor monitor-name
(Optional) Displays the configuration of the specified flow
monitor.
Example:
Router# show flow monitor FLOW_MONITOR-1
Applying a Flow Monitor to an Interface
Before it can be activated, a flow monitor must be applied to at least one interface. To activate a flow
monitor, perform the following required task.
Note
When you specify the "NetFlow original" or the "NetFlow IPv4 original input" or the "NetFlow IPv6
original input" predefined record for the flow monitor to emulate original NetFlow, the Flexible NetFlow
flow monitor can be used only for analyzing input (ingress) traffic.
When you specify the "NetFlow IPv4 original output" or the "NetFlow IPv6 original output" predefined
record for the flow monitor to emulate the Egress NetFlow Accounting feature, the Flexible NetFlow flow
monitor can be used only for analyzing output (egress) traffic.
SUMMARY STEPS
1. enable
2. configure terminal
3. interface type number
4. {ip | ipv6} flow monitor monitor-name {input | output}
5. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 to activate a flow monitor on any other interfaces in the router over which you
want to monitor traffic.
6. end
7. show flow interface type number
8. show flow monitor name monitor-name cache format record
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Applying a Flow Monitor to an Interface
How to Customize Flexible NetFlow Flow Records and Flow Monitors
DETAILED STEPS
Command or Action
Step 1 enable
Purpose
Enables privileged EXEC mode.
•
Enter your password if prompted.
Example:
Router> enable
Step 2 configure terminal
Enters global configuration mode.
Example:
Router# configure terminal
Step 3 interface type number
Specifies an interface and enters interface
configuration mode.
Example:
Router(config)# interface ethernet 0/0
Step 4 {ip | ipv6} flow monitor monitor-name {input | output}
Activates a flow monitor that was created
previously by assigning it to the interface to
analyze traffic.
Example:
Router(config-if)# ip flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-1 input
Step 5 Repeat Steps 3 and 4 to activate a flow monitor on any other
interfaces in the router over which you want to monitor traffic.
--
Step 6 end
Exits interface configuration mode and returns to
privileged EXEC mode.
Example:
Router(config-if)# end
Step 7 show flow interface type number
Displays the status of Flexible NetFlow (enabled or
disabled) on the specified interface.
Example:
Router# show flow interface ethernet 0/0
Step 8 show flow monitor name monitor-name cache format record
Example:
Router# show flow monitor name FLOW_MONITOR-1 cache
format record
10
Displays the status, statistics, and flow data in the
cache for the specified flow monitor.
Example Configuring a Permanent Flow Record Cache with a Limited Number of Flows
Configuration Examples for Customizing Flow Records and Flow Monitors
Configuration Examples for Customizing Flow Records and
Flow Monitors
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Example Configuring a Permanent Flow Record Cache with a Limited Number of Flows, page 11
Example Configuring a Customized Flow Record Cache for Monitoring IPv6 Traffic, page 12
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for Monitoring MAC and VLAN Statistics, page 12
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for Ingress VRF Support, page 13
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for Network-Based Application Recognition, page 13
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for CTS Fields, page 14
Example Configuring a Permanent Flow Record Cache with a Limited
Number of Flows
The following example is designed to monitor the type of service (ToS) field usage on all interfaces in the
router. An exporter is not configured because this example is intended to be used to capture additional data
for analysis on the router using the show flow monitorcommand.
This sample starts in global configuration mode:
!
ip cef
!
flow record QOS_RECORD
description UD: Flow Record to monitor the use of TOS within this router/network
match interface input
match interface output
match ipv4 tos
collect counter packets
collect counter bytes
exit
!
flow monitor QOS_MONITOR
description UD: Flow Monitor which watches the limited combinations of interface and TOS
record QOS_RECORD
cache type permanent
cache entries 8192
! 2^5 (combos of interfaces) * 256 (values of TOS)
exit
!
interface ethernet0/0
ip flow monitor QOS_MONITOR input
exit
!
interface ethernet0/1
ip flow monitor QOS_MONITOR input
exit
!
interface ethernet0/2
ip flow monitor QOS_MONITOR input
exit
!
interface serial2/0
ip flow monitor QOS_MONITOR input
exit
!
interface serial2/1
ip flow monitor QOS_MONITOR input
!
11
Example Configuring a Customized Flow Record Cache for Monitoring IPv6 Traffic
Configuration Examples for Customizing Flow Records and Flow Monitors
The display from the show flow monitor command shows the current status of the cache.
Router# show flow monitor QOS_MONITOR cache
Cache type:
Permanent
Cache size:
8192
Current entries:
2
High Watermark:
2
Flows added:
2
Updates sent
( 1800 secs)
0
Example Configuring a Customized Flow Record Cache for Monitoring IPv6
Traffic
The following example creates a customized flow record cache for monitoring IPv6 traffic.
This sample starts in global configuration mode:
!
ip cef
ipv6 cef
!
flow record FLOW-RECORD-2
description Used for basic IPv6 traffic analysis
match ipv6 destination address
collect ipv6 protocol
collect ipv6 source address
collect transport source-port
collect transport destination-port
collect counter bytes
collect counter packets
collect timestamp sys-uptime first
collect timestamp sys-uptime last
!
flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-2
description Used for basic IPv6 traffic analysis
record FLOW-RECORD-2
cache entries 1000
statistics packet protocol
statistics packet size
!
interface Ethernet0/0
ipv6 address 2001:DB8:2:ABCD::2/48
ipv6 flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-2 input
!
interface Ethernet1/0
ipv6 address 2001:DB8:3:ABCD::1/48
ipv6 flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-2 output
!
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for Monitoring MAC and VLAN
Statistics
The following example shows how to configure Flexible NetFlow for monitoring MAC and VLAN
statistics.
This sample starts in global configuration mode:
!
flow record LAYER-2-FIELDS-1
match ipv4 source address
match ipv4 destination address
collect datalink dot1q vlan output
collect datalink mac source address input
collect datalink mac source address output
12
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for Ingress VRF Support
Configuration Examples for Customizing Flow Records and Flow Monitors
collect datalink mac destination address input
collect flow direction
collect counter bytes
collect counter packets
!
exit
!
!
flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-4
record LAYER-2-FIELDS-1
exit
!
ip cef
!
interface Ethernet0/0
ip address 172.16.6.2 255.255.255.0
ip flow monitor FLOW-MONITOR-1 input
!
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for Ingress VRF Support
The following example configures the collection of the virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) ID from
incoming packets on a router by applying an input flow monitor having a flow record that collects the VRF
ID as a key field.
This sample starts in global configuration mode:
!
flow record rm_1
match routing vrf input
match ipv4 source address
match ipv4 destination address
collect interface input
collect interface output
collect counter packets
!
flow monitor mm_1
record rm_1
!
interface Serial2/0
ip vrf forwarding green
ip address 172.16.2.2 255.255.255.252
ip flow monitor mm_1 output
!
end
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for Network-Based Application
Recognition
The following example uses Network-based Application recognition (NBAR) to create different flows for
each application seen between any two IP hosts by applying a flow monitor having a flow record that
collects the application name as a key field.
This sample starts in global configuration mode:
!
flow record rm_1
match application name
match ipv4 source address
match ipv4 destination address
collect interface input
collect interface output
collect counter packets
!
flow monitor mm_1
13
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for CTS Fields
Where to Go Next
record rm_1
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 172.16.2.2 255.255.255.0
ip flow monitor mm_1 input
!
end
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for CTS Fields
This following example configures the collection of the Cisco TrustSec (CTS) fields, source Security
Group Tag (SGT) and destination Security Group Tag (DGT), in IPv4 traffic.
This sample starts in global configuration mode:
!
flow exporter EXPORTER-1
destination 172.16.10.2
transport udp 90
exit
flow record rm_1
match ipv4 protocol
match ipv4 source address
match ipv4 destination address
match transport source-port
match transport destination-port
match flow direction
match flow cts source group-tag
match flow cts destination group-tag
collect routing source as
collect routing destination as
collect routing source as peer
collect routing destination as peer
collect routing next-hop address ipv4
collect routing next-hop address ipv4 bgp
collect ipv4 source prefix
collect ipv4 source mask
collect ipv4 destination prefix
collect ipv4 destination mask
collect interface input
collect interface output
collect counter bytes
collect counter packets
collect timestamp sys-uptime first
collect timestamp sys-uptime last
!
flow monitor mm_1
record rm_1
exporter EXPORTER-1
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 172.16.2.2 255.255.255.0
ip flow monitor mm_1 input
!
end
Where to Go Next
If you want to configure data export for Flexible NetFlow, refer to the "Configuring Data Export for Cisco
IOS Flexible NetFlow with Flow Exporters" module.
If you want to configure flow sampling to reduce the CPU overhead of analyzing traffic, refer to the "Using
Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Flow Sampling to Reduce the CPU Overhead of Analyzing Traffic" module.
If you want to configure any of the predefined records for Flexible NetFlow, refer to the "Configuring
Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow with Predefined Records" module.
14
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for CTS Fields
Additional References
Additional References
Related Documents
Related Topic
Document Title
Cisco IOS commands
Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases
Overview of Flexible NetFlow
"Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Overview"
Flexible NetFlow Feature Roadmap
"Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Features Roadmap"
Emulating original NetFlow with Flexible NetFlow
"Getting Started with Configuring Cisco IOS
Flexible NetFlow"
Configuring flow exporters to export Flexible
NetFlow data.
"Configuring Data Export for Cisco IOS Flexible
NetFlow with Flow Exporters"
Configuring flow sampling to reduce the overhead
of monitoring traffic with Flexible NetFlow
"Using Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Flow Sampling
to Reduce the CPU Overhead of Analyzing Traffic"
Configuring Flexible NetFlow using predefined
records
"Configuring Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow with
Predefined Records"
Using Flexible NetFlow Top N Talkers to analyze
network traffic
"Using Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Top N Talkers
to Analyze Network Traffic"
Configuring IPv4 multicast statistics support for
Flexible NetFlow
"Configuring IPv4 Multicast Statistics Support for
Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow"
Configuration commands for Flexible NetFlow
Cisco IOS Flexible NetFlow Command Reference
Standards
Standard
Title
None
--
MIBs
MIB
MIBs Link
None
To locate and download MIBs for selected
platforms, Cisco software releases, and feature sets,
use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following
URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs
15
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for CTS Fields
Feature Information for Flexible NetFlow
RFCs
RFC
Title
RFC 3954
Cisco Systems NetFlow Services Export Version 9
Technical Assistance
Description
Link
The Cisco Support and Documentation website
provides online resources to download
documentation, software, and tools. Use these
resources to install and configure the software and
to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with
Cisco products and technologies. Access to most
tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation
website requires a Cisco.com user ID and
password.
http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/support/
index.html
Feature Information for Flexible NetFlow
The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module.
This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software
release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that
feature.
Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support.
To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.
16
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for CTS Fields
Feature Information for Flexible NetFlow
Table 1
Feature Information for Flexible NetFlow
Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information
Flexible NetFlow
12.2(33)SRC
Flexible NetFlow is introduced.
12.2(50)SY
Support for this feature was
added for Cisco 7200 series
routers in Cisco IOS Release
12.2(33)SRC.
12.4(9)T
15.0(1)SY
The following commands were
introduced or modified: cache
(Flexible NetFlow), clear flow
exporter, clear flow monitor,
clear sampler, collect counter,
collect flow, collect interface,
collect ipv4, collect ipv4
destination, collect ipv4
fragmentation, collect ipv4
section, collect ipv4 source,
collect ipv4 total-length, collect
ipv4 ttl, collect routing, collect
timestamp sys-uptime, collect
transport, collect transport
icmp ipv4, collect transport tcp,
collect transport udp, debug
flow exporter, debug flow
monitor, debug flow record,
debug sampler, description
(Flexible NetFlow), destination,
dscp (Flexible NetFlow),
exporter, flow exporter, flow
monitor, flow platform, flow
record, ip flow monitor, match
flow, match interface (Flexible
NetFlow), match ipv4, match
ipv4 destination, match ipv4
fragmentation, match ipv4
section, match ipv4 source,
match ipv4 total-length, match
ipv4 ttl, match routing, match
transport, match transport
icmp ipv4, match transport tcp,
match transport udp, mode
(Flexible NetFlow), option
(Flexible NetFlow), record,
sampler, show flow exporter,
show flow interface, show flow
monitor, show flow record,
show sampler, source (Flexible
NetFlow), statistics packet,
17
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for CTS Fields
Feature Information for Flexible NetFlow
Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information
template data timeout,
transport (Flexible NetFlow).
Flexible NetFlow--IPv4 Unicast
Flows
12.2(33)SRC
12.2(50)SY
12.4(9)T
15.0(1)SY
Enables Flexible NetFlow to
monitor IPv4 traffic.
Support for this feature was
added for Cisco 7200 series
routers in Cisco IOS Release
12.2(33)SRC.
The following commands were
introduced or modified: collect
routing, debug flow record,
collect ipv4, collect ipv4
destination, collect ipv4
fragmentation, collect ipv4
section, collect ipv4 source, ip
flow monitor, match ipv4,
match ipv4 destination, match
ipv4 fragmentation, match ipv4
section, match ipv4 source,
match routing, record, show
flow monitor, show flow record.
Flexible NetFlow--Layer 2 Fields 12.2(33)SRE
12.4(22)T
Enables collecting statistics for
Layer 2 fields such as MAC
addresses and virtual LAN
(VLAN) IDs from traffic.
Support for this feature was
added for Cisco 7200 and 7300
Network Processing Engine
(NPE) series routers in Cisco IOS
Release 12.2(33)SRE.
The following commands were
introduced or modified:
collect datalink dot1q vlan ,
collect datalink mac, match
datalink dot1q vlan, match
datalink mac.
18
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for CTS Fields
Feature Information for Flexible NetFlow
Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information
Flexible NetFlow--IPv6 Unicast
Flows
12.2(33)SRE
Enables Flexible NetFlow to
monitor IPv6 traffic.
12.2(50)SY
12.4(20)T
15.0(1)SY
Support for this feature was
added for Cisco 7200 and 7300
Network Processing Engine
(NPE) series routers in Cisco IOS
Release 12.2(33)SRE.
The following commands were
introduced or modified: collect
routing, debug flow record,
match routing, record, show
flow monitor, show flow record,
collect ipv6, collect ipv6
destination, collect ipv6
extension map, collect ipv6
fragmentation, collect ipv6 hoplimit, collect ipv6 length, collect
ipv6 section, collect ipv6 source,
collect transport icmp ipv6,
ipv6 flow monitor, match ipv6,
match ipv6 destination, match
ipv6 extension map, match ipv6
fragmentation, match ipv6 hoplimit, match ipv6 length, match
ipv6 section, match ipv6 source,
match transport icmp ipv6.
Flexible NetFlow--Ingress VRF
Support
12.2(33)SRE
12.2(50)SY
15.0(1)M
15.0(1)SY
Enables collecting the virtual
routing and forwarding (VRF) ID
from incoming packets on a
router by applying an input flow
monitor having a flow record that
collects the VRF ID as a key or a
nonkey field.
Support for this feature was
added for Cisco 7200 and 7300
Network Processing Engine
(NPE) series routers in Cisco IOS
Release 12.2(33)SRE.
The following commands were
introduced or modified: collect
routing, match routing, option
(Flexible NetFlow), show flow
monitor.
19
Example Configuring Flexible NetFlow for CTS Fields
Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information
Flexible NetFlow--NBAR
Application Recognition
15.0(1)M
Network-based Application
recognition (NBAR) enables
creation of different flows for
each application seen between
any two IP hosts by applying a
flow monitor having a flow
record that collects the
application name as a key or a
nonkey field.
The following commands were
introduced or modified:
collect application name, match
application name, option
(Flexible NetFlow), show flow
monitor.
TrustSec NetFlow IPv4 SGACL
Deny and Drop Export
12.2(50)SY
15.0(1)SY
Enables Flexible NetFlow to
collect Cisco Trusted Security
(CTS) information in IPv4 traffic.
The following commands were
introduced or modified: collect
flow, match flow, show flow
monitor.
TrustSec NetFlow IPv6 SGACL
Deny and Drop ExportS
12.2(50)SY
15.0(1)SY
Enables Flexible NetFlow to
collect Cisco Trusted Security
(CTS) information in IPv6 traffic.
The following commands were
introduced or modified: collect
flow, match flow, show flow
monitor.
Cisco and the Cisco logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S.
and other countries. To view a list of Cisco trademarks, go to this URL: www.cisco.com/go/trademarks.
Third-party trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner
does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1110R)
Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be
actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams,
and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP
addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.
© 2011 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
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