Raymarine | St290 | Specifications | Raymarine St290 Specifications

Raymarine St290 Specifications
81183_2 preface.book Page 1 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:38 AM
ST290 Instrument System
Owner’s Handbook
Document number: 81183-2
Date: 15 May 2003
81183_2 preface.book Page i Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:38 AM
Preface
i
Important information
Safety notices
WARNING: Product installation
This equipment must be installed and operated in accordance with
the Raymarine instructions provided. Failure to do so could result in
personal injury, damage to your boat and/or poor product
performance.
WARNING: Electrical safety
Make sure you have switched off the power supply before you start
installing this product.
WARNING: Navigation aid
Although this product is designed to be accurate and reliable, many
factors can affect its performance. It should therefore only be used as
an aid to navigation and should never replace common sense and
navigational judgement. Always maintain a permanent watch so you
can respond to situations as they develop.
EMC conformance
All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best
industry standards for use in the recreational marine environment. The
design and manufacture of Raymarine equipment and accessories
conform to the appropriate Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
standards, but correct installation is required to ensure that performance
is not compromised.
Handbook information
To the best of our knowledge, the information in this handbook was
correct when it went to press. However, Raymarine cannot accept
liability for any inaccuracies or omissions it may contain.
In addition, our policy of continuous product improvement may change
specifications without notice. As a result, Raymarine cannot accept
liability for any differences between the product and the handbook.
Raymarine, SeaTalk and SeaTALK2 are registered trademarks of
Raymarine Limited.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Preface
iii
Contents
Section 1: An Introduction to ST290
Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Section 3: Using Analog Instruments
Section 4: Using Keypads
Section 5: Maintenance & Troubleshooting
Section 6: Installation
Section 7: System Setup
Section 8: Autopilots
Section 9: Glossary
Section 10: Index
Section 11: Templates
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Preface
v
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing your new instrument system from Raymarine,
the world’s leading manufacturer of specialist marine electronic systems.
The ST290 instrument system is a comprehensive and versatile
instrument system, intended to facilitate the operation of both sail and
power vessels. The use of state-of-the-art technology ensures powerful
performance and future-proofing.
ST290 products are designed to provide reliable performance, even
under the most demanding conditions, and we are sure your ST290
system will give you many years of trouble-free operation.
Heading
GPS
D5867-1
Note: This handbook contains important information about the installation, operation and maintenance of your Raymarine product. To get the
best from the product, please read this handbook thoroughly.
Warranty
To register your new Raymarine product, please take a few minutes to fill
out the warranty card. It is important that you complete the owner
information and return the card to the factory to receive full warranty
benefits and to be kept informed of new features.
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Section 1: An Introduction to ST290
Contents
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
System overview ................................................................... 1-1-2
System buses .......................................................................... 1-1-3
Digital instruments ................................................................ 1-1-3
Analog instruments ................................................................ 1-1-3
Data Processing Unit ............................................................. 1-1-4
Connectors ....................................................................... 1-1-4
System data inputs ................................................................. 1-1-4
Get-you-home mode .............................................................. 1-1-4
Remote operation ................................................................... 1-1-5
Autopilot control .................................................................... 1-1-5
Backlighting .......................................................................... 1-1-5
Contrast .................................................................................. 1-1-5
Alarms ................................................................................... 1-1-5
Operating profiles .................................................................. 1-1-6
Using instrument buttons ....................................................... 1-1-7
Setup requirement .................................................................. 1-1-7
Transducer calibration ........................................................... 1-1-7
Autopilot setup ...................................................................... 1-1-7
Using with RayTech .............................................................. 1-1-7
System upgrades .................................................................... 1-1-8
Specifications ........................................................................ 1-1-9
System: ............................................................................ 1-1-9
Digital instruments: ......................................................... 1-1-9
Analog instruments .......................................................... 1-1-9
Data Processing Unit ......................................................1-1-11
Transducer Pods ..............................................................1-1-11
Approvals ........................................................................1-1-11
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1-1-1
An Introduction to ST290
D6017-1
The Raymarine ST290 system is a comprehensive and versatile
instrument system, intended to facilitate the operation of both sail and
power vessels. Data is provided by a range of transducers and displayed
on digital and analog instruments. Control and interfacing for the entire
system is provided by a Data Processing Unit (DPU).
Figure 1-1: ST290 Instruments & keypads
WARNING:
We supply this product calibrated to default settings. To ensure
optimum performance on your boat, this product MUST be
calibrated before use. Do NOT use the product until it has been
calibrated using the instructions supplied.
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1-1-2
Section 1: An Introduction to ST290
1.1 System overview
A typical ST290 system, showing the relationship of the major system
components is shown in the following illustration.
Compass
Instrument
Wind
Instrument
Close Hauled
Wind Instrument
Rudder Angle
Instrument
Pilot
Keypad 2
Remote
Keypad
SeaTalk
Data Display
MOB Keypad
Graphic Display
Heading
information
12 V Power supply
5 A fuse
Data Processing Unit
USB
NMEA0183
NMEA2000
Speed Pod
Speed
Transducer
Depth Pod
Wind Pod
Depth
Transducer
D5352-1
The ST290 system uses a range of instrument and transducer types to
provide a comprehensive range of information, including speed, depth,
wind and compass data. For a full description of the available data, refer
to Section 2, Using Digital Instruments.
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Section 1: An Introduction to ST290
1-1-3
The system components communicate with one another over Raymarine
SeaTalk and SeaTALK2 buses.
Both digital and analog instrument types are available.
System buses
The ST290 products are connected via Raymarine SeaTalk and
SeaTALK2 buses to form a single, integrated system. On each bus, the
ST290 products are linked by means of a single cable, which feeds both
power and data. Details of bus/product compatibility are given in
Section 6, Installation.
SeaTalk and SeaTALK2 communicate with one another via the Data
Processing Unit.
Digital instruments
ST290 digital instruments can display a wide range of system data, on
both Graphic and Data Displays:
• Graphic Displays use dot-matrix screens.
• Data Displays use preformed, segmented characters.
Information on both digital instrument types is organized in ‘chapters’
and ‘pages’ to enable you to easily find the data you want.
Graphic Displays provide the most versatile way of presenting data, as
they can show dynamic graphs and other animated information, in
addition to the alphanumeric information available on both digital
instrument types. They are also used to calibrate the system transducers.
For a description of the functions and operation of the ST290 digital
instruments, refer to Section 2, Using Digital Instruments.
Analog instruments
Analog instruments are available to show:
• Wind
• Close Hauled Wind
• Compass
• Rudder angle
For a description of the functions and operation of the ST290 analog
instruments, refer to Section 3, Using Analog Instruments.
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1-1-4
Section 1: An Introduction to ST290
Data Processing Unit
The Data Processing Unit (DPU) performs all system calculations and
coordinates the overall operation of the ST290 system. The DPU also
provides:
• The interfaces between the various system components.
• The power input connections for the entire ST290 system.
• A means of interfacing with equipment from other manufacturers.
The DPU is splash proof but not waterproof, so must therefore be fitted
below decks. It has a removable clip-on cover to allow easy access to
terminals.
Connections
The DPU connects to the SeaTalk and SeaTALK2 buses. It also enables
ST290 to communicate with external systems via the following
internationally-accepted protocols:
• NMEA0183.
• NMEA2000.
• Universal Serial Bus (USB).
A connector for an external alarm is also provided.
System data inputs
Basic speed, depth and wind data for the system are provided by
transducers. The data from each transducer is fed via a dedicated
interface Pod, to SeaTALK2.
Heading information is provided by a Raymarine Smart Heading
System.
Other system data is obtained from external systems, such as a
Raymarine autopilot or GPS, when available.
Get-you-home mode
In the unlikely event that a fault occurs with the DPU, the digital
instruments are able to independently decode the speed, depth and wind
information to provide emergency navigation information until the DPU
can be restored to full operation.
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Section 1: An Introduction to ST290
1-1-5
Remote operation
The ST290 system can be operated either from the individual instruments
or from Remote Keypads.
Autopilot control
A Pilot Keypad enables you to control, setup and calibrate, compatible
Raymarine Autopilots (see Section 8, Autopilots), connected to the
ST290 system. Autopilot information can be displayed on any Graphic
Display.
Backlighting
At each instrument, you can set the system backlighting to one of three
preset lighting levels, or switch it off. In User Setup, you can set the
brightness of each level for each individual instrument.
Contrast
You can adjust the contrast of the digital instrument displays. This is a
particularly useful function for the Data Display, as it enables you to vary
the viewing angle of the display.
Alarms
The ST290 system alarm functions provide warnings when certain data
values occur, for example Shallow Water, Off Course, Waypoint
Arrival etc. For details of the available alarms, refer to Section 2,
Chapter 2 and Section 2, Chapter 3.
When an alarm occurs, a beep sounds at each instrument and a flashing
bell symbol is displayed. For anchor alarms, an anchor symbol is also
displayed (see Figure 1-2 ).
TO SILENCE AN ALARM, PRESS ANY FRONT PANEL BUTTON.
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1-1-6
Section 1: An Introduction to ST290
any alarm
anchor alarm
(not flashing) alarm setup screen
D5758-1
Figure 1-2: Alarm indications
If an alarm condition persists, (for example, if you remain in shallow
water after silencing a Shallow Water alarm) the alarm will sound again
after a short period.
You can disable or enable each alarm function, and you can set a
threshold level for each enabled alarm. Refer to Section 2, Chapters 2
and 3, for alarm setup instructions for Graphic and Data instruments,
respectively.
Operating profiles
An operating profile is a set of instrument chapters and pages which suit
a specific purpose.
Because of the high level of functionality provided by ST290, you can set
an appropriate profile for each digital instrument, to suit your
requirement. For example, you may be interested in racing, in which case
you could create a profile containing data with particular relevance to
racing.
When the system is first switched on after installation, a select profile
screen is displayed at each instrument, to enable you to choose the profile
for the instrument. It is recommended that before you do this, you refer to
Section 2 of this handbook, which gives more details on profile types and
structures.
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Section 1: An Introduction to ST290
1-1-7
Using instrument buttons
Instruments are controlled by means of front panel buttons. Throughout
this handbook, the following terminology is used to describe how to use
the buttons:
• ‘Press’ means to press a button until it clicks, then immediately
release it.
• ‘Hold down’ means to press and hold down a button for a finite time,
normally stated in the accompanying text.
1.2 Setup requirement
In order to ensure optimum performance on your vessel, your system
must be set up in accordance with the procedures in Section 7, System
Setup, before it is first used after installation.
Do NOT use your system until the setup procedures have been
satisfactorily completed.
Transducer calibration
WARNING:
It is imperative that transducer calibration is completed before the
system is used, to ensure safe navigation.
The transducer calibration procedures optimize the performance of the
transducers with the rest of the system, and so are a mandatory part of the
User Setup procedures. They must be completed in accordance with the
procedures in Section 7 of this handbook.
Autopilot setup
WARNING:
It is imperative that autopilot setup is completed before the autopilot
is used, to ensure safe navigation.
Your ST290 autopilot must be set up in accordance with the procedures in
Section 8 of this handbook.
Using with RayTech
You can connect a Personal Computer running Raymarine RayTech
software to your ST290 system and display RayTech information on
ST290 Graphic Displays.
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1-1-8
Section 1: An Introduction to ST290
1.3 System upgrades
New features and functionality can be easily incorporated to the ST290
system, by loading the appropriate software upgrades, via the DPU.
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Section 1: An Introduction to ST290
1-1-9
1.4 Specifications
System:
Supply Voltage
10 V to 15 V dc
Digital instruments:
Data Display
Current consumption
75 mA (illumination off)
Connectors
2 x SeaTALK2 (5-pin plug)
Dimensions:
6.7 in x 4.9 in x 1.9 in (170 mm x 124 mm x 46 mm),
Weight:
1.4 lbs (620 g)
Display Size:
4.5 in x 3.25 in (114 mm x 82 mm)
Display type
Upper and lower display areas each comprising a 5-character, 7-segment LCD, a 13-character Raymarine Starburst display plus discrete icons
Graphic Display
Current consumption
75 mA (illumination off)
Connectors
2 x SeaTALK2 (5-pin plug)
Dimensions:
6.7 in x 4.9 in x 1.9 in (170 mm x 124 mm x 46 mm),
Weight:
1.4 lbs (620 g)
Display Size:
4.5 in x 3.25 in (114 mm x 82 mm)
Display type
168 x 130 pixel dot-matrix display
Analog instruments
Wind
Current consumption
65 mA (Illumination off)
Connectors
2 x SeaTalk (3-pin plug)
Dimensions:
4.9 in x 4.9 in x 1.7 in (124 mm x 124 mm x 41 mm)
Weight:
1 lb (453 g)
Display:
Analog dial plus inset LCD display
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1-1-10
Section 1: An Introduction to ST290
Close Hauled Wind
Current consumption
65 mA (Illumination off)
Connectors
2 x SeaTalk (3-pin plug)
Dimensions:
4.9 in x 4.9 in x 1.7 in (124 mm x 124 mm x 41 mm)
Weight:
1 lb (453 g)
Display:
Analog dial plus inset LCD display
Compass
Current consumption
65 mA (Illumination off)
Connectors
2 x SeaTalk (3-pin plug)
Dimensions:
4.9 in x 4.9 in x 1.7 in (124 mm x 124 mm x 41 mm)
Weight:
1 lb (453 g)
Display:
Analog dial plus inset LCD display
Rudder angle
Current consumption
65 mA (Illumination off)
Connectors
2 x SeaTalk (3-pin plug)
Dimensions:
4.9 in x 4.9 in x 1.7 in (124 mm x 124 mm x 41 mm)
Weight:
1 lb (453 g)
Display:
Analog dial plus inset LCD display
Remote Keypad
Current consumption
65.3 mA maximum
Connectors
2 x SeaTalk (3-pin plug)
Dimensions:
4.9 in x3.1 in x 1.7 in (124 mm x 78.5 mm x 41 mm)
Weight:
0.51 lb (230 g)
Pilot Keypad
Current consumption
58.0 mA maximum
Connectors
2 x SeaTalk (3-pin plug)
Dimensions:
4.9 in x3.1 in x 1.7 in (124 mm x 78.5 mm x 41 mm)
Weight:
0.51 lb (230 g)
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Section 1: An Introduction to ST290
1-1-11
MOB Keypad
Current consumption
47.2 mA maximum
Connectors
2 x SeaTalk (3-pin plug)
Dimensions:
4.9 in x3.1 in x 1.7 in (124 mm x 78.5 mm x 41 mm)
Weight:
0.51 lb (230 g)
Data Processing Unit
Current consumption
250 mA maximum
Dimensions:
5.9 in x 5.12 in x 1,53 in (150 mm x 130 mm x 39 mm)
Weight:
0.52 lb (235 g)
Connectors
SeaTALK2 (spring retention connectors)
SeaTalk (spring retention connectors)
Power input (spring retention connectors)
NMEA 2000 (spring retention connectors)
NMEA 0183 (spring retention connectors)
Auxiliary alarm (spring retention connectors)
USB (series B plug)
Transducer Pods
Current consumption
50 mA nominal
Dimensions:
2.6 in x 4.62 in x 1.44 in (66 mm x 117.5 mm x 36.5 mm)
Connectors
2 x SeaTALK2 (spring retention connectors)
Transducer connectors (spade terminals)
Weight:
0.31 lb (140 g)
Approvals
CE - conforms to 89/336/EEC, tested to BS EN 60945.
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Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Contents
Chapter 1:
An Introduction to Digital Instruments ................................ 2-1-1
1.1 Overview ............................................................................... 2-1-1
Chapter & page structures ...................................................... 2-1-1
Instrument controls. ............................................................... 2-1-2
1.2 General operating information .............................................. 2-1-2
First switch on after installation ............................................. 2-1-2
Operating modes .................................................................... 2-1-3
Normal mode ................................................................... 2-1-3
Chapter select mode ......................................................... 2-1-4
Edit mode ......................................................................... 2-1-4
Alarm mode ..................................................................... 2-1-4
1.3 Instrument setup .................................................................... 2-1-5
User Setup chapter ................................................................. 2-1-5
Operating profiles .................................................................. 2-1-6
Preset profiles .................................................................. 2-1-6
Custom profiles ................................................................ 2-1-6
Favorite chapter ..................................................................... 2-1-6
Transducer calibration ........................................................... 2-1-7
Autopilot setup ...................................................................... 2-1-7
1.4 Backlighting & contrast adjustment ...................................... 2-1-7
Introduction ........................................................................... 2-1-7
Adjusting backlighting .......................................................... 2-1-8
Adjusting Contrast ................................................................. 2-1-8
1.5 Icons ....................................................................................... 2-1-8
Chapter 2:
ST290 Graphic Display ............................................................. 2-2-1
2.1 Introduction ........................................................................... 2-2-1
Chapter and page selection options ........................................ 2-2-1
Available information ............................................................ 2-2-1
2.2 Operation ............................................................................... 2-2-2
Getting started ........................................................................ 2-2-2
Chapter & page selection methods ........................................ 2-2-2
Menus option ................................................................... 2-2-2
Pop-up option ................................................................... 2-2-4
2.3 Using display pages ............................................................... 2-2-4
Formats .................................................................................. 2-2-4
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ii
Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
2.4
Chapter 3:
Changing displayed values .................................................... 2-2-5
Animated graphic pages ........................................................ 2-2-6
Graphs .............................................................................. 2-2-6
Rolling road ..................................................................... 2-2-6
Wind shift display ............................................................ 2-2-7
Docking display ............................................................... 2-2-8
Using Favorite pages ............................................................. 2-2-9
Setup overview ................................................................ 2-2-9
Setting the contents of Favorite pages .............................. 2-2-9
Chapter & page details ......................................................... 2-2-11
Speed chapter ....................................................................... 2-2-11
Resetting speed values ................................................... 2-2-11
Depth chapter ....................................................................... 2-2-12
Resetting depth values ................................................... 2-2-12
Depth transducer offset .................................................. 2-2-12
Heading chapter ................................................................... 2-2-13
Wind chapter ........................................................................ 2-2-13
Navigation chapter ............................................................... 2-2-14
GPS chapter ......................................................................... 2-2-15
Pilot chapter ......................................................................... 2-2-15
Timers chapter ..................................................................... 2-2-15
Alarm clock .................................................................... 2-2-16
Countdown timer ........................................................... 2-2-17
Stopwatch/lap timer ....................................................... 2-2-17
Race timers ..................................................................... 2-2-18
Engine chapter ..................................................................... 2-2-18
Alarms chapter ..................................................................... 2-2-19
Enabling alarms ............................................................. 2-2-20
Setting alarm levels ........................................................ 2-2-20
Environment chapter ............................................................ 2-2-20
Sunrise, sunset & twilight at extreme latitudes .............. 2-2-21
Vessel chapter ...................................................................... 2-2-21
Favorite chapter ................................................................... 2-2-21
User Setup chapter ............................................................... 2-2-21
ST290 Data Display ................................................................... 2-3-1
3.1 Introduction ........................................................................... 2-3-1
Chapter and page titles ........................................................... 2-3-1
Available information ............................................................ 2-3-1
3.2 Operation ............................................................................... 2-3-2
Getting started ........................................................................ 2-3-2
Selecting active display area .................................................. 2-3-2
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Contents
iii
3.3
Selecting chapters & pages .................................................... 2-3-2
Chapters ........................................................................... 2-3-2
Pages ................................................................................ 2-3-3
Using Favorite pages ............................................................. 2-3-3
Setting Favorite operating method ................................... 2-3-4
Chapter & page details ........................................................... 2-3-5
Speed chapter ......................................................................... 2-3-5
Resetting speed values ..................................................... 2-3-5
Depth chapter ......................................................................... 2-3-5
Resetting depth values ..................................................... 2-3-6
Depth transducer offset .................................................... 2-3-6
Heading chapter ..................................................................... 2-3-6
Wind chapter .......................................................................... 2-3-7
Navigate chapter .................................................................... 2-3-7
GPS chapter ........................................................................... 2-3-8
Pilot chapter ........................................................................... 2-3-9
Timers chapter ....................................................................... 2-3-9
Alarm clock ...................................................................... 2-3-9
Countdown timer ........................................................... 2-3-10
Stopwatch/lap timer ....................................................... 2-3-10
Race timers .....................................................................2-3-11
Engine chapter ......................................................................2-3-11
Alarms chapter ..................................................................... 2-3-12
Enabling alarms ............................................................. 2-3-13
Setting alarm levels ........................................................ 2-3-14
Environment chapter ........................................................... 2-3-14
Sunrise, sunset & twilight at extreme latitudes .............. 2-3-14
Vessel chapter ...................................................................... 2-3-15
Favorite chapter ................................................................... 2-3-15
User Setup chapter ............................................................... 2-3-15
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2-1-1
Chapter 1: An Introduction to Digital
Instruments
1.1 Overview
The ST290 system uses Graphic and Data Display digital instrument
types. The Graphic Display uses a dot-matrix screen, which gives
flexibility in the way data can be displayed, and offers a wide range of
display formats, including graphs and animations. The Data Display has
a clear, easy-to-read LCD screen, with upper and lower display areas.
DEPTH
Graphic Display
FT
Data Display
D5974-1
Figure 1-1: Typical digital instrument displays
Chapter & page structures
Information on both digital instrument types is organized in ‘chapters’
and ‘pages’, to enable you to easily find the data you want. Details on the
chapter and page structures of the profiles available for each instrument
type are given in Section 2, Chapter 2, Graphic Display and Chapter 3,
Data Display.
In this handbook it is assumed that all instrument chapters and pages are
available. However, it is important to realize that some chapters and
pages may not be available, for one or more of the following reasons:
• The relevant transducers may not be fitted on your vessel, or transducer data may not be available.
• Some chapters and pages may have been disabled during customization (see Section 7, System Setup).
• Some chapters and pages may not be supported by the operating profile applied to the instrument you are using. See Operating profiles on
page 2-1-6 of this chapter.
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2-1-2
Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Instrument controls.
The digital instrument controls are shown in Figure 1-2 .
Chapter button
(also used to set backlighting
& contrast)
Page button
Up button
Down button
Select button
D5354-1
Figure 1-2: Digital instrument controls
1.2 General operating information
First switch on after installation
When a digital instrument is first switched on after installation, a new
instrument PROFILE screen is displayed.
PROFILE
SAIL
Graphic
Data
D6063-1
Figure 1-3: Initial profile select
Select the most appropriate profile for your boat, as follows:
1. Use the or button to select either SAIL or POWER profile.
2. Press the button to apply the profile.
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Chapter 1: An Introduction to Digital Instruments
2-1-3
Once you have applied a profile, it is retained in the instrument and does
not need to be re-applied when the instrument is switched on in the future.
Custom profiles are also available, but it is recommended you become
familiar with the preset SAIL or POWER profile before attempting to set up
a custom profile.
If you want to use a different operating profile, or edit a custom profile,
refer to Section 7, System Setup.
Operating modes
Where the basic operation of both the Graphic and Data Displays is
similar, the operating procedures for both are given in this chapter.
Detailed instructions specific to the Graphic and Data Displays are given
in Section 2, Chapters 2 and 3, respectively.
The basic operating modes are used by both instrument types, and the
button presses required to change modes, are summarized in Figure 1-4 .
All button presses are momentary unless otherwise stated.
Switch on
Normal mode
Use
to select pages in current chapter
1 sec
Save edited
value
Wait for 5 sec
timeout or press
appropriate button
Chapter Select mode
1 sec
Edit mode
Press any key
to silence alarm
Alarm
D5353-1
Figure 1-4: Basic operating modes
Normal mode
When first switched on, a digital instrument is in Normal mode, and the
page that was in use when the instrument was last switched off, is
displayed.
When using the instrument in Normal mode, you can cycle through the
pages in the currently-selected chapter, using the
button. Successive
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2-1-4
Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
presses of the
button will display successive pages. If the
button is
held down, successive pages in the selected chapter will again be
displayed, but in reverse order.
If you want to change the displayed Chapter, press the
button, to enter
Chapter Select mode. If you take no further action after entering Chapter
Select mode, the instrument will automatically return to Normal mode
after 5 seconds.
In Normal mode, if you hold down the
button, you enter backlighting
adjust mode (see Adjusting backlighting on page 2-1-8). If the
backlighting is off, it switches on as you enter backlighting adjust mode.
Chapter select mode
The Chapter Select mode enables you to select which chapter is
displayed.
Within 5 seconds of entering Chapter Select mode, press the
button, to cycle through the chapters:
• Press the button, to cycle through in one direction.
• Hold the button down for 1 second or more, to cycle through in a
reverse direction.
When you have selected the required chapter, either wait for 5 seconds, or
use the appropriate front panel buttons, to return to Normal mode (see
Section 2, Chapter 2 or 3, as appropriate).
Edit mode
The Edit mode enables you to change values, as required. Typical
examples are:
• Setting alarm levels.
• Resetting average speed reading to zero.
• Setting an alarm clock time.
Alarm mode
When an alarm occurs, the display will show the Alarm identity and data
(if any) associated with the alarm. At the same time, an alarm beep will
sound.
TO SILENCE AN ALARM, PRESS ANY INSTRUMENT BUTTON.
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You can disable or enable each alarm function, and you can set levels for
enabled alarms. Refer to Section 2, Chapters 2 and 3, for alarm setup
instructions for Graphic and Data Displays, respectively.
Waypoint arrival alarm
When the waypoint arrival alarm is enabled, an alarm occurs when your
boat reaches a distance you define, from a waypoint. On Graphic
Displays, this distance is shown as a circle around the waypoint.
Man Overboard alarm
If the Man Overboard (MOB) alarm is triggered (from the Man
Overboard Keypad (see Section 4, Chapter 3), the distance and bearing
to the MOB location are displayed.
1.3 Instrument setup
ST290 digital instruments have a wide range of customizing and setup
features, to enable you to set up the best configuration for you and your
boat. The setup features are summarized here, but for details of how to
implement them, refer to Section 7, System Setup.
Most of the setup and customization features are particular to individual
digital instruments, so the chapter and page structure at any one
instrument may well be different from other instruments.
User Setup chapter
A USER SETUP chapter enables you to enter User Setup mode, to set:
• Response times.
• Favorite pages.
• Which operating profile is applied.
• Display options.
• The units used for displaying data.
• Backlighting values.
• Remote control configuration.
User Setup is also used to calibrate the transducers and setup the autopilot
system.
Refer to Section 7, System Setup, for further details on User Setup.
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Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Operating profiles
Preset and customizable profiles enable you to select the most
appropriate ranges of chapters and pages at each instrument, to best suit
your methods of operation.
Preset profiles
Each instrument has the following in-built PRESET profiles:
• Full profile, which makes available all the ST290 functions appropriate to the instrument type.
• Sail boat profile.
• Power boat profile.
You CANNOT edit a PRESET profile, but you can edit custom profiles
(see below).
Diagrams showing the chapter and page structures for the preset profiles
for the Graphic and Data Displays are given in Section 2, Chapter 2, and
Chapter 3, respectively. In these diagrams, the chapters and pages are
represented thus:
CHAPTER NAME
Page 1 data
Page 2 data
Page 3 data
Page 4 data
Page 5 data
D5868-1
Figure 1-5: Chapter & page representation
Custom profiles
CUSTOM profiles are available at each instrument, and you can edit
these to create the chapter and page combinations you require. You can
create appropriate profiles for different activities (e.g. racing, cruising) or
for different users.
Favorite chapter
At each digital instrument, a Favorite chapter provides a powerful
feature which enables you to group together in one chapter, information
that you use most often. You can include information from any chapter, to
form up to five Favorite pages.
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If you choose the appropriate information for your Favorite pages, it
should be possible to carry out many of your day-to-day operations
using just the Favorite chapter.
If your ST290 system is connected to a computer running Raymarine
RayTech, you can use the Favorite pages to display RayTech data.
The manner in which Favorite pages are used with Graphic and Data
Displays, is described in Section 2, Chapter 2 and Chapter 3
respectively.
Transducer calibration
WARNING:
It is imperative that transducer calibration is completed before the
system is used, to ensure safe navigation.
Transducer calibration can be carried out from any Graphic Display.
Refer to Section 7, Chapter 2 for details.
Autopilot setup
WARNING:
It is imperative that autopilot setup is completed before the autopilot
is used, to ensure safe navigation.
If a Pilot Keypad is fitted to your ST290 system, it is essential that the
autopilot setup and commissioning procedures are completed before you
attempt to use the autopilot (see Section 8, Autopilots for details).
Autopilot setup can be carried out from any Graphic Display.
1.4 Backlighting & contrast adjustment
Introduction
You can set the backlighting of ST290 instruments to one of three preset
lighting levels, or switch it off. In User Setup (see Section 7, System
Setup), you can set the brightness level of each preset at each individual
instrument, to any percentage value of the brightest value of the preset
level.
For example, you might wish to set different backlighting levels, for
instruments below and above decks.
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Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Adjusting backlighting
Note: Changing the backlighting level at one instrument will change the
level at all other instruments in the system.
To set the required backlighting level:
1. At any instrument operating in Normal mode, hold down the
button for 1 second, to enter the Backlight Adjust mode.
2. Use the or button to set the required level, either OFF, or level 1,
2 or 3.
3. To return to normal operation, either wait for 5 seconds or press the
button or the button.
Adjusting Contrast
To adjust the display contrast:
1. With the instrument operating in Normal mode, hold down the
button for 1 second, to enter the Backlight Adjust mode.
2. While in Backlight Adjust mode, hold down the
button for a further 1 second, to enter Contrast Adjust mode.
3. Use the or button to set the required level.
4. To return to normal operation, either wait for 5 seconds or press the
button or the button.
1.5 Icons
The alarm and anchor alarm icons are described in Section 1 of this
handbook. Other icons used on digital instrument displays are shown in
Figure 1-6 .
or
Trend indicator, data value increasing
or
Trend indicator, data value decreasing
Active display indicator (Data Display only)
D5693-1
Figure 1-6: Digital instrument icons
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Chapter 2: ST290 Graphic Display
2.1 Introduction
The ST290 Graphic Display uses a dot matrix display to show information in a range of different formats.
D5694-1
Figure 2-1: Typical Graphic Display
Chapter and page selection options
You can use either of the following options to select chapters and pages:
• Menus option (option 1). When you press the
button during
Normal operation, a menu of available chapters is displayed, and you
highlight the chapter you want. A subsequent press of the
button
displays the pages of the selected chapter as menu items. This is
probably the best option for people with limited experience of
operating marine instruments.
• Pop-up option (option 2). When you press the
button during
normal operation, the current chapter name is displayed as a pop-up.
This option is suitable for people with some previous experience of
Raymarine instruments (e.g. ST80).
Use the procedures in Section 7, System Setup to set the required option.
Available information
The information you can see on your instrument depends on which
profile is selected and on which transducers are fitted to your boat.
The chapter and page structures of the Full, Sail and Power operating
profiles for the Graphic Displays are shown in diagrams at the end of this
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Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
chapter. These diagrams assume that a full range of data is available (i.e.
that all necessary transducers are fitted).
If you want to use a different operating profile, or edit a custom profile,
refer to Section 7, Chapter 2, Setting Up Graphic Displays.
2.2 Operation
Getting started
At power up, each instrument is in Normal mode, using the operating
profile that was in use when it was last switched off.
Note: When an instrument is switched on for the first time after installation, an operating profile must first be selected. See Section 2, Chapter 1
for details.
Chapter & page selection methods
The manner in which chapters and pages are selected for viewing depends on which selection option you are using (see Introduction above).
Menus option
Selecting chapters
When you are using the menu selection option, use the following
procedure to select a new chapter:
1. Press the
button to enter Chapter Select mode. The chapter menu
is displayed (Figure 2-2 ).
D5671-1
Figure 2-2: Chapter menu
Note: The Chapter Select mode will time out to Normal operation after
5 seconds without any button presses.
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Chapter 2: ST290 Graphic Display
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2. While in Chapter Select mode, use either the , or or button to
highlight the chapter name.
3. Either press
to display the page menu for the selected chapter, or
press the button, to return to Normal operation and enter the
selected chapter.
Selecting pages
During Normal operation, you can select pages in the selected chapter
either:
•
•
By using the
button, to move to the next page:
• Press it, to display the next page in the chapter.
• Hold it down for 1 second, to display the previous page in the
chapter.
or
By using the Page menu, to select pages, as follows:
1. Press
to display the chapter select menu
2. Use the , or or button to highlight the required chapter.
3. Press
to display the Page menu for the selected chapter (see
Figure 2-3 ).
4. Use
, or or to highlight the name of the page you want to
display.
5. Either press the button or wait for 5 seconds, to display the
page. The instrument returns to Normal operation with the
selected page displayed.
D5672-1
Figure 2-3: Page select menu
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Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Pop-up option
Selecting chapters
When you are using the pop-up selection option, use the following
procedure to select a new chapter:
1. Press the
2. Use the
button to enter Chapter Select mode.
button to cycle to the required chapter.
HEADING
Previous chapter
Current chapter
Next chapter
NAVIGATION
D5673-1
Figure 2-4: Pop-up chapter selection
3. Press either the
button or the button, or wait for 5 seconds, to
return to Normal operation. The display shows either the page that
was last used in the selected chapter, or the top page of the selected
chapter, depending which PAGE VIEWED option is set (see Section 7,
System Setup).
The instrument returns to Normal operation.
Selecting pages
To select another page in the selected chapter during Normal operation,
either press the
button, to cycle through the pages in one direction, or
hold it down, to cycle through the pages in the opposite direction.
2.3 Using display pages
Formats
The ST290 Graphic Display supports various page formats, so that a
single page on the Graphic Display can comprise either 1, 2, or 4 data
elements, arranged as shown in Figure 2-5 .
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Chapter 2: ST290 Graphic Display
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Single-element page
Dual-element page
Quad-element page
Typical animated graphic page
D5670-1
Figure 2-5: Typical Graphic pages
You can display data either alphanumerically, or as animated graphics, or
in tabular form. However, some data types and some methods of showing
data are not supported by all page formats.
Changing displayed values
Some Graphic Display pages have values you can change (e.g. to set
alarm levels).
Note: Animated graphic pages use pop-up menus and these are described under Animated graphic pages on page 2-2-6.
To change editable values on Graphics Display pages:
1. Press the button to highlight the field you want to edit. If there is
more than one editable field or if you are displaying more than one
element (e.g. quad-element) on which there are different editable values, use repeated presses of the button, to move the highlight
around the screen, to the field you want to change.
2. When the required field is highlighted, hold down the button for
1 second, so the highlighted field flashes, to show it is in Edit mode.
3. Use either the or button to change the value as required.
4. Hold down the button for 1 second to return to Normal operation.
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Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Animated graphic pages
Animated-graphic pages are used to show:
• Graphs
• Rolling road
• Wind shift information
• Docking information
On some animated graphic pages, you can display a popup menu to
change information on the screen.
Graphs
Graphs show the history of various data types, and are accessible from
within the relevant chapters (see Chapter & page details on page 2-2-11).
The vertical scale adjusts automatically to the magnitude of the data
being displayed.
D5788-1
Figure 2-6: Graph
You can change the scale of a graph’s horizontal axis. To do this:
1. Hold down the button for 1 second to display the pop-up menu.
This shows the horizontal scale options.
2. Use either the or button to highlight the required scale value .
3. Hold down the button for 1 second to apply the selected value.
Rolling road
A rolling road display (in the NAVIGATION chapter) shows your boat’s
progress towards a waypoint.
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Chapter 2: ST290 Graphic Display
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Steer bar
Your boat
D5789-1
Figure 2-7: Rolling road display
If you deviate from the optimum course, the steer bar shows how to steer
to return to the correct course:
• The number of arrows is proportional to the amount of correction
required.
• The direction of the arrow(s) indicates the direction to steer.
You can change the data displayed at the top of the page (XTE in Figure
2-7 ). To do this:
1. Hold down the button for 1 second to display the pop-up menu.
This shows the options for the data you can display, namely XTE,
SPEED, SOG, VMG TO WP, ETA, TTG, HEADING,COG or WAYPOINT.
2. Use either the or button to highlight the required data.
3. Hold down the button for 1 second to display the selected data.
Wind shift display
A wind shift display (in the WIND chapter) enables you to set an angle for
the required apparent wind speed, and shows a real time representation of
your vessel with respect to this setting. The head or lift value is indicated.
A steer bar near the top of the screen shows how to steer, to achieve the
required wind angle:
• The number of arrows is proportional to the amount of correction
required.
• The direction of the arrow(s) indicates the direction to steer.
You can set the required apparent wind angle to either a specified value or
to the current wind angle.
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Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Required
(TARGET)
apparent
wind angle
Steer bar
ACTUAL
apparent
wind angle
Your boat
Set this to the
REQUIRED
apparent
wind angle
D6058-1
Figure 2-8: Wind shift display
To set the required apparent wind angle to a specified value:
1. Hold down the button for 1 second, to enter edit mode. The
TARGET value flashes.
2. Use either the or button to set the required apparent wind angle,
as the TARGET value.
3. Hold down the button for 1 second to leave edit mode.
To set the required apparent wind angle to the current wind angle, press
the button.
Docking display
A docking display (in the WIND chapter) shows the prevailing wind and
tide conditions with respect to your vessel, and a rudder angle indicator,
to aid docking.
Beaufort
wind speed
Tide direction
with respect to
your vessel
Wind direction
with respect to
your vessel
Your vessel
Rudder angle
indicator
D6057-1
Figure 2-9: Docking display
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Chapter 2: ST290 Graphic Display
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Using Favorite pages
The Favorite chapter enables you to group together in one chapter,
information you use most often. You can include information from any
other chapter, to form a Favorite chapter of up to five pages.
To see the Favorite pages, use the
button to select the Favorite chapter
and the
button to select the required Favorite pages.
Note: If the Favorite chapter is set to operate with an automatic rollover,
the
button has no effect.
Setup overview
You can set each Favorite page to any one of the Graphic Display
standard formats, shown in Figure 2-5 :
• Single element.
• Dual element.
• Quad element.
You can set each page element to show any type of available data. All the
data in the Graphic Display Full profile is available.
In addition, if ST290 is connected to a computer running Raymarine
RayTech, you can allocate RayTech pages as Favorite pages.
Note: To determine which RayTech pages are available, refer to your
RayTech handbook.
To define how many pages are in the Favorite chapter and whether an
automatic, timed rollover is applied to your Favorite pages, use the
procedures in Section 7, Chapter 2.
Setting the contents of Favorite pages
To define the content of the Favorite pages:
1. Select the Favorite chapter.
2. Use the
button to display the Favorite page you want to configure.
3. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter Favorite page edit
mode, with the Favorite page setup menu displayed (Figure 2-10 ).
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Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Favorite page
setup menu
Favorite
page number
1
D5792-1
Figure 2-10: Favorite page format menu
4. Use the or button to highlight the required display layout on the
the Favorite page setup menu. The page layout changes to match your
selection, and the editable page area is highlighted.
5. If you are setting-up a dual- or quad-element page, press the button to highlight the page area you want to change.
6. Use the
button to select the required page element in the highlighted page area, so the data you want is displayed.
7. If you are setting-up a dual- or quad-element page, repeat this procedure as necessary from step 5, for the remaining page elements.
8. Hold down the button for 1 second to save the data for this Favorite page and leave edit mode.
9. Repeat the procedure in steps 2 to 8 for each Favorite page.
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Chapter 2: ST290 Graphic Display
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2.4 Chapter & page details
The salient points of the Graphic Display chapters and pages are
summarized here. Use the Glossary in Section 9 of this handbook as
necessary, for descriptions of the abbreviations used.
Speed chapter
The chapter menu title is SPEED and the pages are summarized in
Table 2-1 .
Table 2-1: SPEED chapter pages
Page content
Description
SPEED
Boat speed, in KNOTS, miles per hour (MPH) or kilometers per hour
(KM/H)
AVG SPEED
Average speed, in KNOTS,MPH or KM/H
MAX SPEED
Maximum speed, in KNOTS,MPH or KM/H
TOTAL LOG
Total log, in statute miles (SM), kilometers (KM) or nautical miles (NM)
TRIP LOG
Trip logs, 1 to 5. Each shows distance in SM, KM or NM
VMG TO WIND
Velocity made good to windward, in KNOTS,MPH or KM/H
VMG TO WP
Velocity made good to waypoint, in KNOTS,MPH or KM/H
SPEED (graph)
Graph showing speed history
Resetting speed values
To reset the average speed, maximum speed or trip log:
1. In the Speed chapter, select the appropriate page (AVG SPEED, MAX
SPEED or TRIP LOG).
2. Hold down the button for 2 seconds. After 1 second the displayed
value flashes and after 2 seconds it resets. AVG SPEED and MAX SPEED
reset to the current speed value; TRIP LOG resets to zero
If you decide not to reset a value, release the button before
2 seconds has elapsed, to retain the current value.
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Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Depth chapter
The chapter menu title is DEPTH. The pages are summarized in Table 2-2 .
Table 2-2: DEPTH chapter pages
Page content
Description
DEPTH
Current depth
MIN DEPTH
Minimum depth
MAX DEPTH
Maximum depth
DP OFFSET
Depth transducer offset shown in numeric form (METERS, FEET or
FATHOMS).
DEPTH (graph)
Graph showing depth history
Resetting depth values
To reset the minimum depth or maximum depth value:
1. In the Depth chapter, select the appropriate page.
2. Hold down the button for 2 seconds. After 1 second the displayed
value flashes and after 2 seconds, it resets to the current depth value.
Depth transducer offset
Depths are measured from the Depth transducer to the seabed. However,
you can apply an offset to the actual distance measured so that the
displayed depth reading represents the depth either from the waterline
(positive offset) or from the bottom of the keel (negative offset).
WARNING:
The use of incorrect offset values could result in misleading depth
information being displayed with a consequent risk of running
aground.
Before using your ST290 system, ensure the correct depth transducer
offset has been set, as detailed in Section 7, System Setup.
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Chapter 2: ST290 Graphic Display
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Heading chapter
The chapter menu title is HEADING. The pages are summarized in
Table 2-3 .
Table 2-3: HEADING chapter pages
Page content
Description
HEADING
Compass bearing
COG
Course over ground (not shown when operating with FULL profile)
TACK HEADING
Heading on next tack
LOCKED HDG
Locked heading plus steer bar graphic
HEADING (graph)
Graph showing history of heading values
There are no adjustable values in the Heading chapter.
Wind chapter
The chapter menu title is WIND. The pages are summarized in Table 2-4 .
Table 2-4: WIND chapter pages
Page content
Description
A WIND SPEED
Apparent wind speed
A WIND ANGLE
Apparent wind angle, in degrees, relative to vessel
T WIND SPEED
True wind speed
T WIND ANGLE
True wind angle, in degrees, relative to vessel
WIND DIR
True magnetic wind direction (compass bearing)
WIND FORCE
Beaufort wind force
CARDINAL
Cardinal wind direction
WIND SHIFT
Head or Lift in degrees
DOCKING
Active graphic showing wind direction relative to plan view of vessel
A WIND SPEED (graph)
Graph showing history of apparent wind speed
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Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Table 2-4: WIND chapter pages (continued)
Page content
Description
A WIND ANGLE (graph)
Graph showing history of apparent wind angle
T WIND SPEED (graph)
Graph showing history of true wind speed
T WIND ANGLE (graph)
Graph showing history of true wind angle
WIND DIR (graph)
Graph showing history of magnetic wind direction
There are no adjustable values in the Wind chapter.
Navigation chapter
The chapter menu title is NAVIGATION. The pages are summarized in
Table 2-5 .
Table 2-5: NAVIGATION chapter pages
Page content
Description
LATITUDE
In the format134º 2.320W
LONGITUDE
In the format 50º 2.310N
TIME
Local time (not shown when operating with FULL profile)
COG
Course over ground, in degrees, MAG(netic) or TRUE
SOG
Speed over ground, in KNOTS,MPH or KM/H
BTW
Bearing to waypoint, in degrees, MAG(netic) or TRUE
CMG
Course made good, in degrees, MAG(netic) or TRUE
DMG
Distance made good, in SM, KM or NM
WP NAME
Waypoint name
BTW
Bearing to waypoint, in degrees, MAG(netic) or TRUE
DTW
Distance to waypoint, in SM, KM or NM
ETA
Estimated time of arrival (at waypoint)
TTG
Time to go (to waypoint), in hours (HRS)
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Chapter 2: ST290 Graphic Display
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Table 2-5: NAVIGATION chapter pages (continued)
Page content
Description
XTE
Cross track error
ROLLING ROAD
Rolling road graphic, BTW and DTW, plus either
XTE, SPEED, SOG, VMG TO WP, ETA, TTG, HEADING,COG or
WAYPOINT, selectable by user.
There are no adjustable values in the Navigate chapter.
GPS chapter
The chapter menu title is GPS. The pages are summarized in Table 2-6 .
Table 2-6: GPS chapter pages
Page content
Description
FIX
SATELLITES
HDOP
Fix status
Number of satellites
Horizontal dilution of position
There are no adjustable values in the GPS chapter.
Pilot chapter
The PILOT chapter shows the status of the autopilot. Examples of PILOT
status screens are given in Section 8, Chapter 2.
If an autopilot is not connected to the ST290 system, the PILOT chapter is
not available.
Timers chapter
The chapter menu title is TIMERS. The pages are summarized in Table 2-7
Table 2-7: TIMERS chapter pages
Page content
Description
LOCAL TIME
Local time
DATE
Date
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Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Table 2-7: TIMERS chapter pages
Page content
Description
ALARM CLOCK
Alarm clock
COUNTDOWN
Countdown timer
STOPWATCH
Stop watch
RACE START
Race start, gun 1 time
RACE START
Race start, gun 2 time
RACE START
Race start, gun 3 time
RACE TIMER
Count up timer
Alarm clock
Setting the alarm clock off/on
To turn the alarm clock off or on:
1. In the Timers chapter, select the ALARM CLOCK page.
2. Press the button momentarily to display either ON or OFF, as
required.
Setting the alarm time
To set the alarm time:
1. In the Timers chapter, select the ALARM CLOCK page.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second, to enter Edit mode. The minutes value flashes.
3. Use the or button to set the required minutes value in the alarm
time.
4. Press the button, to edit the hours.The hours value flashes.
5. Use the or button to either set the required hours value in the
alarm time,
6. Hold down the button for 1 second, to leave the edit mode.
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Countdown timer
Setting the countdown time
To set the countdown time:
1. In the Timers chapter, select the COUNTDOWN page.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second, to enter Edit mode. The seconds value flashes.
3. Use the or button to set the required seconds value.
4. Press the button, to edit the minutes. The minutes value flashes.
5. Use the or button to set the required minutes value.
6. Hold down the button for 1 second, to leave the edit mode.
Starting & stopping the countdown timer
To start or stop the countdown timer:
1. In the Timers chapter, select the COUNTDOWN page.
2. Press the button. If the countdown timer was running, it stops. If
the countdown timer was stopped, it starts counting.
Stopwatch/lap timer
The following description of how to use the stopwatch/lap timer,
assumes a typical operational sequence:
• Starting the stopwatch from a stopped condition.
• Obtaining lap times while the stopwatch is running.
• Stopping and resetting the stopwatch.
Starting the stopwatch
To start the stopwatch from a stopped condition:
1. In the Timers chapter, select the STOPWATCH page.
2. Press the button. The stopwatch starts counting up.
Obtaining lap times
To obtain a lap time:
1. In the Timers chapter, select the STOPWATCH page.
2. With the stopwatch counting up, press the button. The lap time is
displayed, and the stopwatch continues counting up in the background.
3. To return to the real time count, press the button again.
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2-2-18
Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Stopping & resetting the stopwatch
1. In the Timers chapter, select the STOPWATCH page.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second. The stopwatch stops counting.
To reset the stopwatch to zero, hold down the button for 2 seconds.
Race timers
There are three RACE START countdown timers, and one RACE START count
up timer. Each of the countdown timers counts down from a value
determined during set up (see Section 7, System Setup). The race timer
counts up from the start of the race.
To start or stop a race gun timer:
1. In the TIMERS chapter, select the required RACE START countdown
timer.
2. Press the button. The timer then counts down from its preset value
to zero. After the countdown time out, the count up timer starts counting up, to show elapsed race time.
Engine chapter
Note: In order to display engine information, the appropriate manufacturer’s interface must be installed.
The chapter title is ENGINE. The pages are summarized in Table 2-8 .
Table 2-8: ENGINE chapter pages
Page content
Description
RPM
Number of revolutions per minute
FUEL RATE
Fuel rate, in liters per hour (L/H) or gallons per hour (G/H)
COOLANT
Coolant level, in liters (LTR) or gallons (GAL)
FUEL LEVEL
Fuel level, in either LTR or GAL
ENGINE TEMP
Engine temperature, in either ° C or ° F
EXHAUST
Exhaust gas temperature, in either ° C or ° F
BATTERY
Battery voltage
BOOST
Boost pressure, in pounds per square inch (PSI)
ENGINE LOG
Engine hours
There are no adjustable values in the Engine chapter.
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Chapter 2: ST290 Graphic Display
2-2-19
Alarms chapter
The chapter menu title is ALARMS and for each alarm page, a icon is
displayed. The alarm pages show the status (OFF or alarm level) of the
system alarms. The alarms are summarized in Table 2-9 .
Table 2-9: ALARMS chapter pages
Page content
Description
SHALLOW
Shallow water alarm level, in MTR, FT or FTM
DEEP
Deep water alarm level, in MTR, FT or FTM
SHALL ANCHOR
Shallow anchor alarm level, in MTR, FT or FTM
DEEP ANCHOR
Deep anchor alarm level, in MTR, FT or FTM
OFF COURSE
Off course alarm, in degrees
AWA HIGH
Apparent wind angle high alarm, in degrees
AWA LOW
Apparent wind angle low alarm, in degrees
AWS HIGH
Apparent wind speed high alarm
AWS LOW
Apparent wind speed low alarm
TWA HIGH
True wind angle high alarm, in degrees
TWA LOW
True wind angle low alarm, in degrees
TWS HIGH
True wind speed high alarm, in KTS or M/S
TWS LOW
True wind speed low alarm, in KTS or M/S
SPEED HIGH
Boat speed high alarm, in KTS, K/H or MPH
SPEED LOW
Boat speed low alarm, in KTS, K/H or MPH
HI SEA TEMP, in ° C or ° F
Sea temperature high alarm
LO SEA TEMP, in ° C or ° F
Sea temperature low alarm
You can use the ALARMS chapter pages to:
• Switch each alarm OFF, or on, or so that it operates with an external
(Auxiliary) Alarm, connected to the DPU AUX ALARM terminals
(see Enabling alarms below).
• Set a level for each alarm type (see Setting alarm levels below).
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Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Enabling alarms
To enable or disable an alarm:
1. In the Alarms chapter, select the required alarm page.
The alarm page shows either OFF to indicate the alarm is disabled, or
an alarm level value to indicate the alarm is enabled.
2. Use the button as necessary, to set the alarm either:
• OFF
or
• So it shows a level value. With this setting, an activated alarm will
sound at the ST290 system.
or
• So it shows a level value, and an A indicator. With this setting, an
activated alarm will sound both at the ST290 system and at an
Auxiliary Alarm, when connected to the DPU.
Setting alarm levels
To set an alarm level:
1. In the Alarms chapter, select the required alarm page.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second, to enter Edit mode. The current level for this alarm flashes.
3. Use the or button, to set the alarm level as required.
4. Hold down the button for 1 second, to leave the edit mode.
Environment chapter
The chapter menu title is ENVIRONMENT. The pages are summarized in
Table 2-10 .
Table 2-10: ENVIRONMENT chapter pages
Page content
Description
SEA TEMP
Sea temperature, in °C or °F
TIDE SET
Tide set (calculated), in degrees
TIDE RATE
Tide rate (calculated), in KTS, K/H or MPH
SUNRISE
Sunrise time
TWILIGHT AM
Morning twilight time
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Chapter 2: ST290 Graphic Display
2-2-21
Table 2-10: ENVIRONMENT chapter pages
Page content
Description
SUNSET
Sunset time
TWILIGHT PM
Evening twilight time
There are no adjustable values in the Environment chapter.
Sunrise, sunset & twilight at extreme latitudes
The displayed sunrise, sunset and twilight times are valid in most cases.
However, at extreme latitudes during periods of extended day or night,
these times may not be accurate.
Vessel chapter
The chapter menu title is VESSEL. The pages are summarized in
Table 2-11 .
Table 2-11: VESSEL chapter pages
Page content
Description
POSITION LOG
TIME
DATE
LATITUDE
LONGITUDE
CMG
DMG
WIND SPEED
WIND DIR
Position log
Local time
Local date
Latitude
Longitude
Course made good
Distance made good
Wind speed
Wind direction
RUDDER ANGLE
Rudder angle
BATTERY V
Battery voltage
There are no adjustable values in the Vessel chapter.
Favorite chapter
See Using Favorite pages, earlier in this chapter.
User Setup chapter
See Section 7, System Setup
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
Chapter 2: Graphic Display
2-2-23
DEPTH
HEADING
WIND
NAVIGATION
Depth
Heading (compass bearing)
Apparent wind speed
Minimum depth
Heading on next tack
Relative apparent wind angle
Latitude
Longitude
Maximum depth
Locked heading & steer bar
Heading graph
True wind speed
COG (course over ground)
Offset
Relative true wind angle
SOG (speed over ground)
True magnetic wind direction
BTW (bearing to waypoint)
Beaufort wind force
CMG (course made good)
Cardinal wind direction
DMG (distance made good)
Waypoint name
SPEED
Wind shift (head & lift)
Docking wind relative to
vessel plan view
Boat speed
Apparent wind speed graph
Average speed
Maximum speed
Relative apparent wind angle
graph
Total log
True wind speed graph
Trip logs (up to five)
Relative true wind angle graph
VMG to windward
True magnetic wind direction
graph
Depth graph
VMG to waypoint
PILOT
Status (Fix or No fix)
Satellites tracked
HDOP
Status
Note: PILOT chapter available
only if a Raymarine autopilot
system is connected to ST290
BTW (bearing to waypoint)
DTW (distance to waypoint)
Boat speed graph
ETA (estimated time of arrival)
TIMERS
TTG (time to go)
XTE (cross track error)
Local time
Rolling road
BTW
DTW
plus one of the following:
TTG
XTE
HEADING
SPEED
COG
SOG
VMG TO WP WAYPOINT
ETA
Local date
Graphic Display: Full Profile
USER SETUP
GPS
To select the chapter you want
Alarm clock
Countdown timer
Stop watch
Race start timer (gun 1 )
Race start timer (gun 2 )
Race start timer (gun 3 )
Race start timer (count up)
ALARMS
Shallow water
Deep water
Press
Shallow anchor
Deep anchor
for 2 seconds,
to enter User Setup
(see Section 7, System Setup)
momentary
press
1 sec
press
Off course
ENVIRONMENT
VESSEL
FAVORITE
Favorite page 3
Position log
Time
Date
Latitude
Longitude
Favorite page 4
Rudder angle
Favorite page 1
Favorite page 2
Favorite page 5
Battery voltage
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ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
Sea temperature
CMG
DMG
Wind speed
Wind direction
Tide set
Tide rate
Sunrise
Twilight am
Sunset
Twilight pm
AWA (Apparent wind angle) high
AWA (Apparent wind angle) low
AWS (Apparent wind speed) high
AWS (Apparent wind speed) low
TWA (True wind angle) high
TWA (True wind wind angle) low
TWS (True wind wind speed) high
TWS (True wind wind speed) low
ENGINE
RPM
Fuel rate
Coolant level
Fuel level
Engine temperature
Exhaust gas temperature
Boat speed high
Boat speed low
Battery voltage
High sea Temperature
Low sea temperature
Engine hours
Boost pressure
Chapter 2: Graphic Display
2-2-25
DEPTH
HEADING
Depth
Heading (compass bearing)
Minimum depth
COG (Course Over Ground)
Maximum depth
Tack heading
Offset
Locked heading & steer bar
Heading graph
Depth graph
WIND
NAVIGATION
Apparent wind speed
Relative apparent wind angle
Latitude
Longitude
Local time
True wind speed
Relative true wind angle
Waypoint name
BTW (bearing to waypoint)
DTW (distance to waypoint)
Docking wind relative to
vessel plan view
Apparent wind speed graph
Maximum speed
Relative apparent wind angle
graph
Total log
Boat speed
True wind speed graph
Trip logs (up to five)
Relative true wind angle graph
VMG to windward
True magnetic wind direction
graph
VMG to waypoint
Boat speed graph
Graphic Display: Sail Profile
USER SETUP
Favorite page 5
Stop watch
Race start timer (gun 1)
Race start timer (gun 2)
Race start timer (gun 3)
Race start timer (count up)
ALARMS
Shallow water
Deep water
momentary
press
Position log
Time
Date
Latitude
Longitude
Favorite page 3
Favorite page 4
Alarm clock
Countdown timer
Rolling road
BTW
DTW
plus one of the following:
XTE
TTG
SPEED
HEADING
SOG
COG
VMG TO WP WAYPOINT
ETA
Shallow anchor
Deep anchor
1 sec
press
Off course
AWA (Apparent wind angle) high
AWA (Apparent wind angle) low
AWS (Apparent wind speed) high
AWS (Apparent wind speed) high
VESSEL
Favorite page 2
Local time
Local date
Waypoint name
XTE (cross track error)
Steer bar
To select the chapter you want
for 2 seconds,
to enter User Setup
(see Section 7, System Setup)
Favorite page 1
TIMERS
Waypoint name,
ETA (estimated time of arrival)
TTG (time to go)
Press
FAVORITE
Note: PILOT chapter available
only if a Raymarine autopilot
system is connected to ST290
CMG (course made good)
DMG (distance made good)
Wind shift (head & lift)
Average speed
Status
COG (course over ground)
BTW (bearing to waypoint)
Cardinal wind direction
Beaufort wind force
Boat speed
PILOT
Status
Satellites tracked
HDOP
COG (course over ground)
SOG (speed over ground)
Wind direction
True wind speed
SPEED
GPS
Rudder angle
Battery voltage
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ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
ENVIRONMENT
CMG
DMG
Wind speed
Wind direction
Tide set
Tide rate
TWA (True wind angle) high
TWA (True wind wind angle) low
TWS (True wind wind speed) high
TWS (True wind wind speed) high
Sunrise
Twilight am
Boat speed high
Boat speed low
Sunset
Twilight pm
Sea temperature high
Sea temperature low
Sea temperature
ENGINE
RPM
Fuel rate
Coolant level
Fuel level
Engine temperature
Exhaust temperature
Battery voltage
Boost pressure
Engine hours
Chapter 2: Graphic Display
2-2-27
SPEED
DEPTH
HEADING
WIND
NAVIGATION
Boat speed
Depth
Heading (compass bearing)
Average speed
Minimum depth
COG (course over ground)
True wind speed
Relative true wind angle
Maximum speed
Total log
Boat speed
Maximum depth
Latitude
Longitude
Local time
Locked heading & steer bar
Offset
Heading graph
Depth graph
Trip logs (up to five)
True magnetic wind direction
True wind speed
Cardinal wind direction
Beaufort wind force
Docking wind relative to
vessel plan view
Boat speed graph
True wind speed graph
True magnetic wind direction
graph
Graphic Display: Power Profile
USER SETUP
To select the chapter you want
Press
for 2 seconds,
to enter User Setup
momentary
press
(see Section 7, System Setup)
1 sec
press
GPS
Status (Fix or No fix)
Satellites tracked
HDOP
COG (course over ground)
SOG (speed over ground)
COG (course over ground)
BTW (bearing to waypoint)
CMG (course made good)
DMG (distance made good)
Waypoint name
BTW (bearing to waypoint)
DTW (distance to waypoint)
PILOT
Waypoint name,
ETA (estimated time of arrival)
TTG (time to go)
Waypoint name
XTE (cross track error)
Steer bar
Note: PILOT chapter available
only if a Raymarine autopilot
system is connected to ST290
Rolling road
BTW
DTW
plus one of the following:
XTE
TTG
SPEED
HEADING
SOG
COG
VMG TO WP WAYPOINT
ETA
Status
TIMERS
Local time
Local date
Alarm clock
Countdown timer
Stop watch
ALARMS
Shallow water
Deep water
Shallow anchor
Deep anchor
VESSEL
FAVORITES
Favorite page 1
Favorite page 2
Favorite page 3
Favorite page 4
Favorite page 5
Position log
Time
Date
Latitude
Longitude
ENVIRONMENT
CMG
DMG
Wind speed
Wind direction
Rudder angle
Battery voltage
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ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
Sea temperature
Tide set
Tide rate
Sunrise
Twilight am
Sunset
Twilight pm
ENGINE
RPM
Off course
Fuel rate
True wind angle (TWA) high
True wind angle (TWA) low
True wind speed (TWS) high
True wind speed (TWS) low
Fuel level
Boat speed high
Boat speed low
Sea temperature high
Sea temperature low
Coolant level
Engine temperature
Exhaust gas temperature
Battery voltage
Boost pressure
Engine hours
81183_2 S2.book Page 1 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:39 AM
2-3-1
Chapter 3: ST290 Data Display
3.1 Introduction
The ST290 Data Display has separate upper and lower display areas,
each of which operates independently of the other, to show information
from any enabled chapter.
Page title
(upper display area)
DEPTH
Page title
(lower display area)
HEADING
FT
Trend
arrow
Active display
indicator
D5367-1
Figure 3-1: Data Display, basic features
Chapter and page titles
During Normal operation, the page title is shown at the top of each
display area.
Chapter titles can be turned on or off during User Setup (see Section 7),
but it is recommended you do not turn them off unless you are very
familiar with the chapter and page structures.
In Chapter Select mode, when the chapter titles are turned on, the chapter
title is displayed at the top of the relevant display area and centered
horizontally.
Available information
The information you can see on your instrument depends on which
profile is selected and on which transducers are fitted to your boat.
The chapter and page structures of the Full, Sail and Power operating
profiles for the Data Displays are shown in diagrams at the end of this
chapter. These diagrams assume that a full range of data is available (i.e.
that all necessary transducers are fitted).
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2-3-2
Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
If you want to use a different operating profile, or edit a custom profile,
refer to Section 7, Chapter 3, Setting Up Data Displays.
3.2 Operation
Getting started
At power up, each digital instrument is in Normal mode, using the operating profile that was in use when the instrument was last switched off.
Note: When an instrument is switched on for the first time after installation, an operating profile must first be selected. See Section 2, Chapter 1
for details.
Selecting active display area
In Normal mode, the upper and lower displays update continuously to
show the current data in their respective chapters.
In order to make any changes to either display area (for example, to select
another page or chapter), you must first select that area as the active
display area. To do this, use the or button, to move the active display
indicator to the required display area (see Figure 3-2 ).
Lower display active
Upper display active
DEPTH
FT
DEPTH
HEADING
HEADING
Active
display
indicator
Active
display
indicator
FT
D5371-1
Figure 3-2: Selecting the adjustable display area
Selecting chapters & pages
Chapters
To select a different chapter in either display area (upper or lower):
1. Use the or button to select the required active display area
(see Figure 3-2 ). The active display indicator moves to the selected
area.
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Chapter 3: ST290 Data Display
2-3-3
2. Press the
button, to enter Chapter Select mode. In Chapter Select
mode, the title of the currently-selected chapter is displayed, centered
horizontally.
Note: The Chapter Select mode times out to Normal mode if there are no
button presses for 5 seconds.
3. While in Chapter Select mode, press the
button to cycle through
the chapter names, until the name of the chapter you want is displayed:
• Press the
button, to move in one direction through the chapters
or
• Hold down the
button for 1 second or more, to move in the
opposite direction through the chapters.
4. Either wait for the 5 second time out, or press the
button, to return
to Normal mode. The page first displayed in your newly-selected
chapter depends on which First Page option is set up. It is either:
• The page that was last displayed when the chapter was last used.
or
• The top page in the chapter (as shown in the profile diagrams).
To set the required First Page option, refer to Section 7, System Setup.
Pages
In Normal mode, use the
button to change pages, in the selected
chapter. Press it, to move in one direction through the pages, or hold it
down for 1 second or more, to move in the opposite direction.
Using Favorite pages
The Favorite chapter enables you to group together in one chapter,
information you use most often. You can include information from any
other chapter, to form a Favorite chapter of up to five pages. The Favorite
chapter title is FAVORITE U for the upper display area and FAVORITE L for
the lower
To see the Favorite pages, use the
button to select the Favorite chapter
and the
button to select the required Favorite pages.
Note: If the Favorite chapter is set to operate with an automatic rollover,
the
button has no effect.
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2-3-4
Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
To define which information you want in the Favorite chapter, refer to
Section 7, System Setup.
Setting Favorite operating method
During Normal operation, you can choose how the Favorite chapter
operates. This is either:
• Manually. The Favorite chapter operates like any other chapter, i.e.
each Favorite page is selected using the
button,
or
• With an automatic rollover. Each page is displayed for a period of
time you set up, then the next page is automatically displayed.
To set the method of Favorite page display:
1. Select the Favorite chapter.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second, to display the Favorite rollover setup page (Figure 3-3 ).
FAVORITE U
ROLLOVER
SEC
D6059-1
Figure 3-3: Set Favorite rollover page
3. Use the or button to set the mode you want:
• If you want to use the
button to select the Favorite pages manually during Normal operation (i.e. without a roll around), choose
0.0
• If you want the Favorite pages to rollover automatically, set the
time you want each page to be displayed (between 0.5 and
20 seconds).
4. Hold down the button for 1 second, to save and return to Normal
operation.
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Chapter 3: ST290 Data Display
2-3-5
3.3 Chapter & page details
The salient points of the Data Display chapters and pages are
summarized here. Use the Glossary in Section 9 of this handbook as
necessary, for descriptions of abbreviations.
Speed chapter
The on-screen chapter title is SPEED and the pages are summarized in
Table 3-1 .
Table 3-1: SPEED chapter pages
Page content
Description
SPEED
Boat speed, in knots (KTS), miles per hour (MPH) or kilometers per hour (K/H)
AV SPEED
Average speed since last reset, in KTS, MPH or K/H
MAX SPEED
Maximum speed since last reset, in KTS, MPH or K/H
TOTAL LOG
Total log, in statute miles (SM), kilometers (KM) or nautical miles (NM)
TRIP LOG
Trip log, in SM, KM or NM
VMG WIND in
Velocity made good to windward, in KTS, MPH or K/H
VMG TO WP
Velocity made good to waypoint, in KTS, MPH or K/H
Resetting speed values
To reset the average speed, maximum speed or trip log value:
1. In the Speed chapter, select the appropriate page (AV SPEED, MAX
SPEED or TRIP LOG, as appropriate).
2. Hold down the button for 2 seconds. After 1 second the displayed
value flashes and after 2 seconds, it resets. AV SPEED and MAX SPEED
reset to the current speed. TRIP LOG resets to 0.
Depth chapter
The on-screen chapter title is DEPTH. The pages are summarized in
Table 3-2 .
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2-3-6
Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Table 3-2: DEPTH chapter pages
Page content
Description
DEPTH
Current depth, in meters (MTR), feet (FT) or fathoms (FTM)
MIN DEPTH
Minimum depth since last reset,in MTR, FT or FTM
MAX DEPTH
Maximum depth since last reset,in MTR, FT or FTM
DP OFFSET
Depth transducer offset,in MTR, FT or FTM
Resetting depth values
To reset the minimum depth or maximum depth value:
1. In the Depth chapter, select the appropriate page (MIN DEPTH or MAX
DEPTH, as appropriate).
2. Hold down the button for 2 seconds. After 1 second the displayed
value flashes and after 2 seconds, it resets to the current depth
reading.
Depth transducer offset
Depths are measured from the Depth transducer to the seabed. During
setup, a depth transducer offset can be applied to the actual distance
measured, so that the displayed depth reading represents the depth either
from the waterline (positive offset) or from the bottom of the keel
(negative offset).
This is the value displayed on the DP OFFSETpage.
WARNING:
The use of incorrect offset values could result in misleading depth
information being displayed with a consequent risk of running
aground.
Before using your ST290 system, ensure the correct depth transducer
offset has been set, as detailed in Section 7, System Setup.
Heading chapter
The on-screen chapter title is HEADING. The pages are summarized in
Table 3-3 .
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Chapter 3: ST290 Data Display
2-3-7
Table 3-3: HEADING chapter pages
Page content
Description
HEADING
Compass heading, in degrees
COG
Course over ground, in degrees
TACK HEADING
Heading on next tack, in degrees
LOCKED HDG
Locked heading, in degrees
There are no adjustable values in the Heading chapter.
Wind chapter
The on-screen chapter title is WIND. The pages are summarized in
Table 3-4 .
Table 3-4: WIND chapter pages
Page content
Description
APP - WIND STBD or
APP - WIND PORT
Apparent wind angle, in degrees, relative to vessel
AP - WIND
Apparent wind speed, in KTS or MS
TR - WIND PORT or
TR-WIND STBD
True wind angle, in degrees, relative to vessel
TR - WIND
True wind speed, in KTS or MS
WND DIRECTION
Wind direction, as a bearing
HEAD/LIFTPORT or
HEAD/LIFTSTBD
Head/Lift, in degrees
BEAUFORT WIND
Beaufort wind strength & cardinal direction
There are no adjustable values in the Wind chapter.
Navigate chapter
The on-screen chapter title is NAVIGATE. The pages are summarized in
Table 3-5 .
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2-3-8
Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Table 3-5: NAVIGATE chapter pages
Page content
Description
50º 2.310N (example)
Latitude
134º 2.320W (example)
Longitude
COG
Course over ground, in degrees
SOG
Speed over ground, in KTS, MPH or K/H
CMG
Course made good, in degrees
DMG
Distance made good, in SM, KM or NM
WP followed by first 13 characters of WP name
Waypoint name
BTW
Bearing to waypoint, in degrees
DTW
Distance to waypoint, in either SM, KM or NM
ETA
Estimated time of arrival (at waypoint)
TTG
Time to go (to waypoint)
XTE plus steer bar
Cross track error plus steer bar
There are no adjustable values in the Navigate chapter.
GPS chapter
The GPS chapter repeats the fix status, number of satellites and horizontal dilution of position (HDOP) information for your GPS system. The
on-screen chapter title is GPS. The pages are summarized in Table 3-6 .
Table 3-6: GPS chapter pages
Page content
Description
FIX
Fix status
SATELLITES
Number of satellites
HDOP
Horizontal dilution of position
There are no adjustable values in the GPS chapter.
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Chapter 3: ST290 Data Display
2-3-9
Pilot chapter
The PILOT chapter shows the status of the autopilot.
If an autopilot is not connected to the ST290 system, the PILOT chapter is
not available.
Timers chapter
The on-screen chapter title is TIMERS. The pages are summarized in
Table 3-7
Table 3-7: TIMERS chapter pages
Page content
Description
Current time & date. For example:
Local date & time
APR 12 2001
10:45
ALARM CLOCK
Alarm clock
COUNTDOWN
Countdown timer
STOPWATCH
Stop watch/lap timer
RACE TIME
Race start timer, gun 1
RACE TIME
Race start timer, gun 2
RACE TIME
Race start timer, gun 3
Alarm clock
Setting the alarm clock off/on
To turn the alarm clock off or on:
1. In the Timers chapter, select the ALARM CLOCK page.
2. Press the button to display either OFF or an alarm time, as required.
If an alarm time is displayed, the alarm clock is on.
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2-3-10
Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Setting the alarm time
To set the alarm time:
1. In the Timers chapter, select the ALARM CLOCK page.
2. If necessary, press the button momentarily to display an alarm
time.
3. If you want to change the alarm time, hold down the button for
1 second, to enter Edit mode. The minutes value flashes.
4. Use the or button to set the required minutes value in the alarm
time.
5. Press the button, so that the hours value flashes.
6. Use the or button to set the required hours value the alarm time.
7. Hold down the button for 1 second, to leave the edit mode.
Countdown timer
Setting the countdown time
To set the countdown time:
1. In the Timers chapter, select the COUNTDOWN page.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second, to enter Edit mode. The seconds value flashes.
3. Use the or button to set the required seconds value.
4. Press the button, to edit the minutes. The minutes value flashes.
5. Use the or button to set the required minutes value.
6. Hold down the button for 1 second, to leave the edit mode.
Starting & stopping the countdown timer
To start or stop the countdown timer:
1. In the Timers chapter, select the COUNTDOWN page.
2. Press the button. If the countdown timer was running, it stops. If
the countdown timer was stopped, it starts counting.
Stopwatch/lap timer
The following description of how to use the stopwatch/lap timer,
assumes a typical operational sequence:
• Starting the stopwatch from a stopped condition.
• Obtaining lap times while the stopwatch is running.
• Stopping and resetting the stopwatch.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S2.book Page 11 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:39 AM
Chapter 3: ST290 Data Display
2-3-11
Starting the stopwatch
To start the stopwatch:
1. In the Timers chapter, select the STOPWATCH page.
2. Press the button. The stopwatch starts counting up.
Obtaining lap times
To obtain a lap time:
1. In the Timers chapter, select the STOPWATCH page.
2. With the stopwatch counting up, press the button. The lap time is
displayed, and the stopwatch continues counting up in the background.
3. To return to the real time count, press the button again.
Stopping & resetting the stopwatch timer
To stop the stopwatch:
1. In the Timers chapter, select the STOPWATCH page.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second. The stopwatch stops counting
and resets to zero.
Race timers
There are three race gun timers, and a race timer. Each race gun timer
counts down from a value determined during set up (see Section 7,
System Setup). The race timer counts up from the start of the race.
To start or stop a race gun timer:
1. In the Timers chapter, select the required GUN timer.
2. Press the button. The timer then counts down from its preset value
to zero.
Engine chapter
Note: In order to display engine information, the appropriate manufacturer’s interface must be installed.
The on-screen chapter title is ENGINE. The pages are summarized in
Table 3-8 .
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S2.book Page 12 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:39 AM
2-3-12
Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
Table 3-8: ENGINE chapter pages
Page content
Description
ENGINE RPM
Number of revolutions per minute x1000
FUEL
Fuel rate, in liters per hour (L/H) or gallons per hour (G/H)
COOLANT
Coolant level, in liters (LTR) or gallons (GAL)
FUEL
Fuel level, in either LTR or GAL
ENGINE
Engine temperature, in ° C or ° F
EXHAUST
Exhaust gas temperature, in ° C or ° F
BATTERY V
Battery voltage
BOOST
Boost pressure, in pounds per square inch (PSI)
ENGINE HRS
Engine hours
There are no adjustable values in the Engine chapter.
Alarms chapter
The on-screen chapter title is ALARMS, and for each alarm page, a icon
is displayed. The alarm pages show the status (OFF or alarm level) of the
system alarms. These are summarized in Table 3-9 .
Table 3-9: ALARMS chapter pages
Page content
Description
SHALLOW
Shallow water alarm level, in MTR, FT or FTM
DEEP
Deep water alarm level, in MTR, FT or FTM
SHALLOW with
Shallow anchor alarm level, in MTR, FT or FTM
DEEP with
Deep anchor alarm level, in MTR, FT or FTM
OFF COURSE
Off course heading alarm value, in degrees
AWA HIGH
Apparent wind angle high alarm value, in degrees
AWA LOW
Apparent wind angle low alarm value, in degrees
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S2 chap 3.fm Page 13 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 9:45 AM
Chapter 3: ST290 Data Display
2-3-13
Table 3-9: ALARMS chapter pages (continued)
Page content
Description
AWS HIGH
Apparent wind speed high alarm level, in KTS or M/S
AWS LOW
Apparent wind speed low alarm level, in KTS or M/S
TWA HIGH
True wind angle high alarm value, in degrees
TWA LOW
True wind angle low alarm value, in degrees
TWS HIGH
True wind speed high alarm level, in KTS or M/S
TWS LOW
True wind speed low alarm level, in KTS or M/S
BOAT SPD HKTS (or HK/H
or HMPH)
Boat speed high alarm level, in KTS, K/H or MPH
BOAT SPD LKTS (or LK/H
or LMPH)
Boat speed low alarm level, in KTS, K/H or MPH
SEA TEMP H
Sea temperature high alarm level, in °C or °F
SEA TEMP L
Sea temperature low alarm level, in °C or °F
You can use the ALARMS chapter pages to:
• Switch each alarm OFF, or on, or so that it operates with an external
(Auxiliary) Alarm, connected to the DPU AUX ALARM terminals
(see Enabling alarms below).
• Set a level for each alarm type (see Setting alarm levels below).
Enabling alarms
To enable or disable an alarm:
1. In the Alarms chapter, select the required alarm page.
The alarm page shows either OFF to indicate the alarm is disabled, or
an alarm level value to indicate the alarm is enabled.
2. Use the button as necessary, to set the alarm either:
• OFF
or
• So it shows a level value. With this setting, an activated alarm will
sound at the ST290 system.
or
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S2.book Page 14 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:39 AM
2-3-14
Section 2: Using Digital Instruments
•
So it shows a level value, and an A indicator. With this setting, an
activated alarm will sound both at the ST290 system and at an
Auxiliary Alarm, when connected to the DPU.
Setting alarm levels
To set an alarm level:
1. In the Alarms chapter, select the required alarm page.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second, to enter Edit mode. The current level for this alarm flashes.
3. Use the or button, to set the alarm level as required.
4. Hold down the button for 1 second, to leave the edit mode.
Environment chapter
The on-screen chapter title is ENVIRONMENT. The pages are summarized
in Table 3-10 .
Table 3-10: ENVIRONMENT chapter pages
Page content
Description
SEA TEMP
Sea temperature, in ° C or ° F
TIDE SET
Tide set (calculated), in degrees
TIDE RATE
Tide rate (calculated), in KTS, K/H or MPH
SUNRISE
Sunrise time
SUNSET
Sunset time
TWILIGHT AM
Morning twilight time
TWILIGHT PM
Evening twilight time
There are no adjustable values in the Environment chapter.
Sunrise, sunset & twilight at extreme latitudes
The displayed sunrise, sunset and twilight times are valid in most cases.
However, at extreme latitudes during periods of extended day or night,
these times may not be accurate.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S2.book Page 15 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:39 AM
Chapter 3: ST290 Data Display
2-3-15
Vessel chapter
The on-screen chapter title is VESSEL. The pages are summarized in
Table 3-11 .
Table 3-11: VESSEL chapter pages
Page content
Description
RUDDER ANGLE
Rudder angle, in degrees
BATTERY V
Battery voltage
There are no adjustable values in the Vessel chapter.
Favorite chapter
See Using Favorite pages on page 3 of this chapter and Section 7, System
Setup.
User Setup chapter
See Section 7, System Setup.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
Chapter 3: Data Display
USER SETUP
Press
for 2 seconds,
to enter User Setup
(see Section 7, System Setup)
2-3-17
DEPTH
HEADING
WIND
NAVIGATE
Boat speed
Current depth
Compass bearing
Relative apparent wind angle
Latitude
Average speed
Course Over Ground (COG)
Apparent wind speed
Longitude
Maximum speed
Minimum depth
Maximum depth
Heading on next tack
Relative true wind angle
Course over ground (COG)
Total log
Offset
Locked heading
True wind speed
Speed over ground (SOG)
SPEED
Trip log
True magnetic wind direction
Course made good (CMG)
VMG to windward
Beaufort
Distance made good (DMG)
VMG to waypoint
Head/lift
Waypoint name
Bearing to waypoint (BTW)
Distance to waypoint (DTW)
Estimated time of arrival (ETA)
Time to go (TTG)
Cross track error (XTE) plus
steer bar
Data Display: Full Profile
To select the chapter you want
momentary
press
FAVORITE
Set rollover on/off & delay
1 sec
press
Favorite page 1
Favorite page 2
Favorite page 3
ALARMS
Favorite page 4
Shallow water
Favorite page 5
Deep water
GPS
Fix
Satellites tracked
Shallow anchor
HDOP
Deep anchor
Off course
Apparent wind angle (AWA) high
Apparent wind angle (AWA) low
Apparent wind speed (AWS) high
VESSEL
ENGINE
Apparent wind speed (AWS) low
RPM
ENVIRONMENT
True wind angle (TWA) high
Fuel rate
Sea temperature
True wind angle (TWA) low
Coolant level
TIMERS
Local time
Local date
Tide set
True wind speed (TWS) high
True wind speed (TWS) low
Fuel level
Engine temperature
Alarm clock
Tide drift
Countdown timer
PILOT
Sunrise time
Boat speed high
Exhaust gas temperature
Stop watch
Status
Sunset time
Boat speed low
Battery voltage
Race start timer 1
Rudder angle
Twilight am
Sea temperature high
Boost pressure
Race start timer 2
Battery voltage
Twilight pm
Sea temperature low
Engine hours
Race start timer 3
D5679-3
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
Note: PILOT chapter available
only if a Raymarine autopilot
system is connected to ST290
Chapter 3: Data Display
USER SETUP
Press
for 2 seconds,
to enter User Setup
(see Section 7, System Setup)
2-3-19
DEPTH
HEADING
WIND
NAVIGATE
Boat speed
Current depth
Compass bearing
Relative apparent wind angle
Latitude
Average speed
Minimum depth
Course Over Ground (COG)
Apparent wind speed
Longitude
Maximum speed
Maximum depth
Heading on next tack
Relative true wind angle
Course over ground (COG)
Total log
Offset
Locked heading
True wind speed
Speed over ground (SOG)
Trip log
True magnetic wind direction
Course made good (CMG)
VMG to windward
Beaufort
Distance made good (DMG)
VMG to waypoint
Head/lift
Waypoint name
SPEED
Bearing to waypoint (BTW)
Distance to waypoint (DTW)
Estimated time of arrival (ETA)
Data Display: Sail Profile
Time to go (TTG)
Cross track error (XTE) plus
steer bar
To select the chapter you want
momentary
press
FAVORITE
1 sec
press
Set rollover on/off & delay
Favorite page 1
Favorite page 2
ALARMS
Favorite page 3
Shallow water
Favorite page 4
Favorite page 5
Deep water
GPS
Shallow anchor
Fix
Deep anchor
Satellites tracked
Off course
HDOP
Apparent wind angle (AWA) high
Apparent wind angle (AWA) low
Apparent wind speed (AWS) high
TIMERS
Apparent wind speed (AWS) low
ENVIRONMENT
True wind angle (TWA) high
ENGINE
Sea temperature
True wind angle (TWA) low
RPM
Local time
Local date
Tide set
True wind speed (TWS) high
Fuel rate
Alarm clock
Tide drift
True wind speed (TWS) low
Coolant level
Countdown timer
PILOT
Sunrise time
Boat speed high
Stop watch
Status
VESSEL
Sunset time
Boat speed low
Fuel level
Engine temperature
Rudder angle
Twilight am
Sea temperature high
Battery voltage
Race start timer 2
Battery voltage
Twilight pm
Sea temperature low
Engine hours
Race start timer 3
D5432-2
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
Race start timer 1
Note: PILOT chapter available
only if a Raymarine autopilot
system is connected to ST290
Chapter 3: Data Display
USER SETUP
Press
for 2 seconds,
to enter User Setup
(see Section 7, System Setup)
2-3-21
SPEED
DEPTH
HEADING
WIND
NAVIGATE
Boat speed
Current depth
Compass bearing
Relative true wind angle
Latitude
Average speed
Minimum depth
Course Over Ground (COG)
True wind speed
Longitude
Maximum speed
Maximum depth
Locked heading
True magnetic wind direction
Course over ground (COG)
Total log
Offset
Beaufort
Speed over ground (SOG)
Trip log
Course made good (CMG)
Distance made good (DMG)
Waypoint name
Bearing to waypoint (BTW)
Distance to waypoint (DTW)
Estimated time of arrival (ETA)
Data Display: Power Profile
Time to go (TTG)
Cross track error (XTE) plus
steer bar
To select the chapter you want
momentary
press
FAVORITE
1 sec
press
Set rollover on/off & delay
Favorite page 1
Favorite page 2
Favorite page 3
GPS
Favorite page 4
Fix
Favorite page 5
Satellites tracked
HDOP
ALARMS
Shallow water
Deep water
ENVIRONMENT
VESSEL
ENGINE
Shallow anchor
RPM
Deep anchor
Fuel rate
Sea temperature
Off course
Coolant level
Tide set
True wind speed (TWS) high
Fuel level
Tide drift
True wind speed (TWS) low
Engine temperature
Sunrise time
Boat speed high
Exhaust gas temperature
TIMERS
Local time
Local date
PILOT
Sunset time
Boat speed low
Battery voltage
Alarm clock
Status
Rudder angle
Twilight am
Sea temperature high
Battery voltage
Twilight pm
Sea temperature low
Boost pressure
Engine hours
Countdown timer
Stop watch
Note: PILOT chapter available
only if a Raymarine autopilot
system is connected to ST290
D5433-2
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S3.book Page i Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
Section 3: Using Analog Instruments
Contents
Chapter 1:
An Introduction to Analog Instruments ................................ 3-1-1
1.1 Overview ............................................................................... 3-1-1
1.2 General operating information .............................................. 3-1-1
1.3 Display illumination .............................................................. 3-1-2
Chapter 2:
Wind instruments ..................................................................... 3-2-1
2.1 Introduction ........................................................................... 3-2-1
Displayed information ........................................................... 3-2-1
Pointer .............................................................................. 3-2-1
Digital display .................................................................. 3-2-2
2.2 Operation ............................................................................... 3-2-2
Procedures ............................................................................. 3-2-2
True or apparent data ............................................................. 3-2-3
Tacking information .............................................................. 3-2-3
Alarms ................................................................................... 3-2-3
Silencing an alarm ............................................................ 3-2-4
Chapter 3:
Compass Instrument ................................................................ 3-3-1
3.1 Getting started ........................................................................ 3-3-1
3.2 Operation ............................................................................... 3-3-1
Operating modes .................................................................... 3-3-1
Switch on ............................................................................... 3-3-2
Digital display ........................................................................ 3-3-2
Procedures ............................................................................. 3-3-2
COG ................................................................................. 3-3-4
Average heading .............................................................. 3-3-4
Locked mode ......................................................................... 3-3-4
Auto mode ............................................................................. 3-3-5
Operating hints ...................................................................... 3-3-6
Steering sense .................................................................. 3-3-6
Man overboard/reciprocal course .................................... 3-3-6
Chapter 4:
Rudder Angle Instrument ....................................................... 3-4-1
4.1 Getting started ........................................................................ 3-4-1
Displayed information ........................................................... 3-4-1
4.2 Normal use ............................................................................. 3-4-1
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S3.book Page 1 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
3-1-1
Chapter 1: An Introduction to Analog
Instruments
1.1 Overview
Various discrete data types can be displayed on dedicated analog
instruments. Instruments are available to show:
• Wind speed and direction.
• Close hauled wind speed and direction.
• Compass bearing and locked heading information.
• Rudder angle information.
Each instrument has an analog dial, an inset digital display and four
control buttons.
D5861-1
Figure 1-1: Analog instruments
1.2 General operating information
Instructions for using the individual instrument types are given as
follows:
• Wind and Close Hauled Wind normal operation is described in
Section 3, Chapter 2.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S3.book Page 2 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
3-1-2
Section 3: Using Analog Instruments
•
•
•
Compass operation is described in Section 3, Chapter 3.
Rudder Angle Indicator normal operation is described in Section 3,
Chapter 4.
Setup routines for all analog instrument types are described in
Section 7, Chapter 4.
1.3 Display illumination
When an analog instrument is first powered up, the display illumination
is set to its lowest (courtesy) level, to facilitate initial access to the
buttons.
To adjust the level of display illumination:
1. Hold down the /DISP button for approximately 1 second, to enter
the Backlighting Adjust mode.
2. There are three preset illumination levels and an off setting. Press the
/DISP button to cycle through the these levels until you reach the
level you want.
3. Press any other button to leave the Backlighting Adjust mode.
Note: The digital display will return to normal operation 7 seconds after
the last button press.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S3.book Page 1 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
3-2-1
Chapter 2: Wind instruments
2.1 Introduction
The ST290 Wind and Close Hauled Wind instruments each comprise an
analogue dial and integral digital display. The instruments provide:
• True and Apparent wind direction and speed. Wind speed is displayed
either in knots or meters per second.
• Velocity made good (VMG), when boat-speed information is available on the system.
• Maximum wind speed.
• Tack angle.
In addition to the units shown above, the Wind instrument can show wind
force as Beaufort scale values.
D5369-1
Figure 2-1: ST290 Wind and Close Hauled Wind instruments
Displayed information
The information on the Wind and Close Hauled Wind instruments can be
either true or apparent, depending on which mode you select at the
instrument.
Pointer
The pointer shows the true or apparent wind direction. The scale range
given by the Wind instrument is a full 360° , whereas the Close Hauled
Wind instrument gives an expanded indication from -60° to +60° about
the bow or stern of the boat.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S3.book Page 2 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
3-2-2
Section 3: Using Analog Instruments
Digital display
You can select which information is displayed in the digital display. This
can be:
• True/Apparent Wind Speed.
• Velocity Made Good (VMG).
• Tack Heading.
• Maximum Wind Speed.
• Wind Alarm Data.
2.2 Operation
IMPORTANT
Do not use your Wind or Close Hauled Wind instrument until the
appropriate setup procedures in Section 7, Chapter 4, have been
satisfactorily completed.
Procedures
Figure 2-2 shows the button functions. Use this information, in
conjunction with the information in Figure 2-3 , to operate your Wind and
Close Hauled Wind instruments.
Tack heading
Velocity made good
Press to toggle between True & Apparent indications
Refer to Figure 2-3
D5548-1
Figure 2-2: Basic operation
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S3.book Page 3 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
Chapter 2: Wind instruments
3-2-3
The flow charts show the sequence of button presses and displays for the
various operating tasks.
Press
Wind speed
Maximum
wind
speed
Hold down
for 3s to reset
maximum wind
speed
Beaufort
wind speed
(not available
on Close
Hauled
Wind)
Notes:
Screens other than Wind Speed are temporary and will
time out to the Wind Speed screen after 7 seconds.
D5511-1
Figure 2-3: Using the
/DISP button
True or apparent data
Use the TRUE/APP button to select either true or apparent data, as
required (toggle action). The type of data selected is indicated by a black
square marker on the digital display, adjacent to either the true or app
legend, as appropriate.
Tacking information
Press the TACK button to show tack heading information on the digital
display. The analogue display continues to show the wind angle.
Alarms
An alarm condition is indicated by a flashing alarm icon ( ) on the
digital display and an audible alarm at the instrument.
• When an alarm is sounding the instrument will continue to display
live wind speed and angle.
• A wind speed alarm will cause the current speed unit legend (KTS or
M/S) to flash.
• A flashing MAX legend indicates a high wind speed alarm.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S3.book Page 4 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
3-2-4
Section 3: Using Analog Instruments
•
•
A flashing HI legend indicates a high wind angle alarm.
A LO legend indicates either:
• A low wind speed alarm (LO plus speed units displayed).
• A low wind angle alarm (LO displayed).
Silencing an alarm
Pressing any button will silence the alarm. Pressing the button repeatedly
will silence any additional alarms.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S3.book Page 1 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
3-3-1
Chapter 3: Compass Instrument
3.1 Getting started
The ST290 Compass instrument comprises an analogue dial and integral
digital display, which provide:
• Compass heading indication.
• Steering indication
• Course over ground (COG) information, if GPS or similar positioning data is available on the system.
D5864-1
Figure 3-1: Compass instrument
3.2 Operation
IMPORTANT
Do not use your Compass instrument until the appropriate setup
procedures in Section 7, Chapter 4, have been satisfactorily
completed.
Operating modes
The ST290 Compass instrument operates in either Unlocked, Locked or
Auto mode. A summary of these modes and the respective instrument
indications is given in Table 3-1 .
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S3.book Page 2 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
3-3-2
Section 3: Using Analog Instruments
.
Table 3-1: Compass instrument indications
Mode
Pointer indication
Digital display
Unlocked
Zero.
Current course heading (true or
magnetic.
Locked
Course error from locked heading, to a maximum ±30° deviation.
Locked heading.
Auto
(see Note below)
Autopilot course error.
Autopilot locked heading.
Note: If your ST290 system is connected to a Raymarine autopilot operating in Auto, Vane or Track mode, the ST290 Compass instrument is
forced to operate in Auto mode. In this mode, all ST290 Compass instrument button functions, except illumination, are disabled.
Switch on
When power is first switched on, the Compass instrument is in unlocked
mode. The current heading (true or magnetic) is displayed on the digital
display and the analogue pointer indicates zero.
Digital display
In addition to showing the course heading or the locked heading, (see
Table 3-1 , the digital display can also show:
• Course Over Ground (COG), or
• Average Heading.
Procedures
Figure 3-2 shows the button functions. Use this information, in
conjunction with the information inFigure 3-3 to operate your ST290
Compass instrument.
The displayed heading is either true or mag(netic) as indicated by a
black square marker adjacent to the corresponding legend.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S3.book Page 3 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
Chapter 3: Compass Instrument
3-3-3
Press to increment locked
mode heading in 1º steps
Press to decrement locked
mode heading in 1º steps
Hold down for
rapid change
Press to toggle between locked &
unlocked modes
In unlocked mode, press to access COG
& average heading information
D5555-1
Figure 3-2: Basic operation
Switch on
Normal
display
Note: Modes annotated *
rely on data sources
outside of the system
Average
heading*
Hold down
Course Over
Ground (COG)*
for 3 seconds to
reset average
D5549-1
Figure 3-3: Selecting operating screen
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S3.book Page 4 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
3-3-4
Section 3: Using Analog Instruments
COG
If you have GPS or similar positioning data on your ST290 system and
you select the select COG screen, the digital display displays your course
over the ground. If such data is not available the display shows “ ---” .
Average heading
You can reset the average heading value to zero, by pressing the > button
for 3 seconds when the Average heading screen is displayed.
Locked mode
Locked mode enables you to define a fixed (locked) heading then
calculates any deviation from this locked heading. The digital display
shows heading information and a LOCK indicator. The pointer shows the
difference between the locked heading and the actual course being
steered, i.e. heading error (see Figure 3-4 ).
Heading
error
Heading
(locked or
current)
D5553-1
Figure 3-4: Locked mode indications
To enter Locked mode, press the LOCK button, then refer to Figure 3-5 .
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S3.book Page 5 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
Chapter 3: Compass Instrument
3-3-5
To enter locked mode
Press
Locked
heading
(flashing)
5 second
timeout
Press
to increment
locked heading
Heading
This is either the current
course or locked heading
(select in User calibration)
Press
To leave locked mode press
to decrement
locked heading
Average
course
error
(flashing)
To retrieve previous locked heading,
press LOCK while value is flashing
5 second
timeout
Unlocked mode
D5550-1
Figure 3-5: Locked mode operation
When you leave locked mode, the average error flashes on the digital
display for 5 seconds. Negative values are given for errors to port and
positive value for errors to starboard. If you press the LOCK button again
within this 5 second period, you re-enter locked mode with the previously
stored heading as the locked heading.
The average course error is reset to zero whenever the locked heading is
changed.
Auto mode
The auto mode is activated automatically when the ST290 system is
connected to a SeaTalk compatible autopilot.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S3.book Page 6 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
3-3-6
Section 3: Using Analog Instruments
D5890-1
Figure 3-6: Auto lock indications
Whenever the autopilot is engaged, the heading set by the autopilot is
displayed on the digital display and the analogue pointer displays the
autopilot’s course error.
Note: In Auto mode, all ST290 Compass instrument button functions, except illumination, are disabled.
Operating hints
Steering sense
When the analogue pointer indicates an off course error, steer the vessel
in the direction you want the pointer to move.
Man overboard/reciprocal course
When the ST290 Compass instrument is in lock mode and the vessel is
turned through 110° or more, the ST290 Compass instrument
automatically locks to the reciprocal of the original course (180° from the
original). The digital display shows the reciprocal course and the pointer
shows the course error from the reciprocal course.
The reciprocal course function is reversible, so that a second similar turn
would lock onto the original locked course.
Note: The Man overboard/reciprocal course feature is not available
when operating in Auto mode.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S3.book Page 1 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
3-4-1
Chapter 4: Rudder Angle Instrument
4.1 Getting started
The ST290 Rudder Angle Indicator Instrument provides a real-time
indication of rudder position as determined by the associated Rudder
Reference Transducer.
D5866-1
Figure 4-1: Rudder Angle instrument
Displayed information
The rudder position is indicated by a pointer. The instrument scale range
gives an expanded indication from -40° to +40° about zero.
4.2 Normal use
As the ST290 Rudder Angle Indicator operates in real time, very little
operator action is necessary during normal use except to observe the
instrument as required to ascertain the rudder angle.
Note: If rudder angle information is not available on the SeaTalk bus, the
analogue pointer oscillates ±10° about the top of the dial.
The /DISP button is used to set the backlighting. The SET, < and >
buttons are not used.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S4.book Page i Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
Section 4: Using Keypads
Contents
Chapter 1:
An Introduction to Keypads .................................................... 4-1-1
1.1 Keypad types ......................................................................... 4-1-1
Chapter 2:
Remote Keypads ...................................................................... 4-2-1
2.1 Introduction ........................................................................... 4-2-1
Remote control organization ................................................. 4-2-1
2.2 Remote operation ................................................................... 4-2-2
General principles .................................................................. 4-2-2
Button function ...................................................................... 4-2-3
Procedure ............................................................................... 4-2-3
Chapter 3:
MOB Keypad .............................................................................. 4-3-1
3.1 Introduction ........................................................................... 4-3-1
3.2 Operation ............................................................................... 4-3-1
Cancelling a MOB condition ................................................. 4-3-2
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S4.book Page 1 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
4-1-1
Chapter 1: An Introduction to Keypads
1.1 Keypad types
The following ST290 keypad types are available:
• Remote Keypad.The Remote Keypad enables you to control standard
ST290 digital instruments and MaxiView instruments. The operation
of the Remote Keypad is described in Section 4, Chapter 2.
• Man Overboard (MOB) Keypad. Enables you to swiftly initiate a
MOB routine when necessary. The operation of the MOB Keypad is
described in Section 4, Chapter 3.
• Pilot Keypad. Provides comprehensive control of Raymarine autopilots. The operation and calibration of the Pilot Keypad are described
in Section 8, Autopilots.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S4 chap 2.fm Page 1 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:18 AM
4-2-1
Chapter 2: Remote Keypad
2.1 Introduction
The ST290 Remote Keypad enables you to operate your ST290 digital
and MaxiView instruments, without actually being present at the
instruments.
Remote Keypad
D5911-2
Figure 2-1: Remote Keypad
Remote control organization
For the purposes of remote control, instruments are organized into
groups. You can have up to eight groups of standard ST290 instruments
and eight groups of MaxiView instruments, within your ST290 system:
• Each group can comprise up to eight instruments.
• Each group must have at least one Remote Keypad associated with it.
• Each keypad can control one standard instrument group and one
group of MaxiView instruments.
• Within each group, instruments are identified by number, from 1 to 8.
• Each group is identified alphabetically:
• Standard ST290 instrument groups are assigned letters A to H.
• MaxiView instruments are assigned group letters J to Q.
• Each instrument in a group has a unique alphanumeric identity (e.g.
A1, where A defines the group and 1 the instrument sequence number
within the group). Ungrouped instruments have a dash (-) in place of
a group letter.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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4-2-2
Section 4: Using Keypads
The method of setting up the instrument groupings is described in
Section 7, System Setup.
2.2 Remote operation
General principles
Each keypad can control all the instruments in the associated groups of
instruments. Within each group, you select the instrument you want by
means of a button:
An INSTRUMENT button, enables you to select the required standard ST290 instrument.
A MAXIVIEW button, enables you to select the required MaxiView instrument.
•
•
Each time one of these buttons is pressed, a different instrument in the
associated group is selected to be controlled.
For example, in remote control group B, successive presses of the
INSTRUMENT button on the associated keypad would select
instruments B1, B2, B3 etc in turn. As each instrument is selected, it
either displays a remote indicator or presents inverse video, to show you
can control it from the Remote Keypad.
y
Data display
DEPTH
Graphic display
FT
REMOTE
HEADING
REMOTE
D5910-1
Figure 2-2: Typical remote control indicators
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S4 chap 2.fm Page 3 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:18 AM
Chapter 2: Remote Keypad
4-2-3
Button function
The the functions assigned to each keypad button are shown in
Figure 2-3 .
Use this to select a
standard digital
instrument for
remote control
Use this to select a
MaxiView instrument
for remote control
These duplicate the action
of the front panel buttons
on the selected ST290
digital instrument or
MaxiView instrument.
D5909-2
Figure 2-3: Remote controls
Procedure
To remotely operate an instrument:
1. Observing the instruments in the relevant instrument group, press the
appropriate button (INSTRUMENT or MAXIVIEW) the necessary
number of times, to select the instrument you want to control
remotely.
Note: Once selected, an instrument returns to local control if there is no
Remote Keypad activity for 5 seconds.
2. Use the appropriate Remote Keypad buttons to operate the selected
instrument (see Figure 2-3 ), in the same way that you would use the
respective buttons at the instrument.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S4.book Page 1 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
4-3-1
Chapter 3: MOB Keypad
3.1 Introduction
The Man-Overboard (MOB) Keypad is used if a man overboard situation
occurs, to initiate an alarm and request MOB position information from
the appropriate system components.
D5869-1
Any number of MOB Keypads can be installed, and any one can be used
to initiate a MOB alarm. When a MOB alarm is initiated and an
appropriate Raymarine product is connected to the ST290 system,
selected instruments will display information relating to the location of
the man-over-board incident.
Figure 3-1: MOB Keypad general view
3.2 Operation
CAUTION:
The MOB keypad is intended only an aid to recovery. It must not be
used as an alternative to traditional methods and skills.
If a man overboard situation occurs, press the
button immediately.
When the button is pressed, the keypad beeps and a MOB condition is
initiated. When this occurs:
• An internal buzzer sounds every 30 seconds.
• The elapsed time since the
button was pressed is sent to the system.
• If a Raymarine product that supports the MOB function is connected
to ST290, the range and bearing to the MOB position are calculated
and transmitted to the digital instruments.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S4.book Page 2 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:41 AM
4-3-2
Section 4: Using Keypads
Cancelling a MOB condition
A MOB condition can be cancelled from any MOB Keypad or from a
compatible instrument. Clearing a MOB alarm resets the system to
normal.
To cancel a MOB condition, hold down the
button for 3 seconds.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S5.book Page i Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:42 AM
Section 5: Maintenance & Troubleshooting
Contents
1.1
1.2
1.3
Maintenance .......................................................................... 5-1-1
Servicing and safety ............................................................... 5-1-1
Routine care ........................................................................... 5-1-1
Instruments and Keypads ................................................. 5-1-1
Wind transducer ............................................................... 5-1-2
Speed & Depth transducers .............................................. 5-1-2
Cabling ............................................................................. 5-1-2
Troubleshooting ..................................................................... 5-1-2
Preliminary procedures .......................................................... 5-1-2
Fixing faults ........................................................................... 5-1-3
Autopilot troubleshooting ...................................................... 5-1-3
Technical support ................................................................... 5-1-4
World wide web ............................................................... 5-1-4
Telephone help line .......................................................... 5-1-4
Help us to help you ........................................................... 5-1-4
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S5.book Page 1 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:42 AM
5-1-1
Maintenance & Troubleshooting
1.1 Maintenance
Servicing and safety
•
•
•
•
•
•
Raymarine equipment should be serviced only by authorized Raymarine service technicians. They will ensure that service procedures and
replacement parts used will not affect performance. There are no
user-serviceable parts in any Raymarine product.
Some products generate high voltages, so never handle the cables/
connectors when power is being supplied to the equipment.
When powered up, all electrical equipment produces electromagnetic fields. These can cause adjacent pieces of electrical equipment
to interact with one another, with a consequent adverse affect on operation. In order to minimize these effects and enable you to get the best
possible performance from your Raymarine equipment, guidelines
are given in the installation instructions, to enable you to ensure minimum interaction between different items of equipment, i.e. ensure
optimum Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC).
Always report any EMC-related problem to your nearest Raymarine
dealer. We will use any such information to improve our quality standards.
In some installations, it may not be possible to prevent the equipment
from being affected by external influences. In general this will not
damage the equipment but it can lead to spurious resetting action, or
momentarily may result in faulty operation.
Always switch off the power to Raymarine equipment before working on it.
Routine care
Periodically examine all ST290 system components, including cabling
for signs of damage, and repair if necessary.
Instruments and Keypads
Certain atmospheric conditions may cause a small amount of
condensation to form on instrument windows. This will not harm the
instruments and will clear after they have been switched on for a short
period.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S5.book Page 2 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:42 AM
5-1-2
Section 5: Maintenance & Troubleshooting
Periodically clean each ST290 instrument and keypad with a soft, moist,
lint-free cloth. Do NOT use chemical or abrasive materials.
When your instruments or keypads are not in use, always fit the
suncovers supplied.
Wind transducer
If the windvane is removed from its mounting block for any reason (e.g.
if the mast is unstepped), fit the blanking cover (supplied) to the
windvane mounting block connector.
Speed & Depth transducers
Refer to the Installation and Maintenance instructions supplied with the
relevant transducer.
Cabling
Periodically examine all cables for chafing or other damage, and for
security of connection. Where necessary, replace and/or re-secure.
1.2 Troubleshooting
If you think you have a fault, always check that the perceived problem is
genuine and not due to the way the system and/or instrument has been set
up (see Section 7, System Setup).
For example, if a chapter title is not being displayed on an instrument, this
could be due to a fault, but it is more likely to be caused by one or more of
the following:
• The relevant transducer is not fitted to your boat.
• Chapter titles have been turned off during User Setup.
• All the pages in the relevant chapter have been turned off during User
Setup.
Preliminary procedures
Changes in the electronic environment may adversely affect the
operation of your ST290 system. Typical examples of such changes are:
• Electrical equipment has recently been installed or moved aboard
your vessel.
• You are in the vicinity of another vessel or shore station emitting radio
signals.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S5.book Page 3 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:42 AM
Section 5: Maintenance & Troubleshooting
5-1-3
If you appear to have a problem, first ensure that the EMC requirements
(see Section 6, Installation) are still being met before further
investigating the problem.
Fixing faults
All Raymarine products are subjected to comprehensive test and quality
assurance programmes prior to packing and shipping. However, if a fault
occurs, the following table may help to identify and rectify the problem.
Fault
Possible cause
Action
All instrument displays blank. No
backlighting.
No power supply
Check power supply.
Check fuse/circuit breaker
Analog instruments not function- SeaTalk
ing correctly. Digital instruments
OK.
Check SeaTalk cabling
Digital instrument not functioning SeaTALK2
correctly. Analog instruments OK.
Check SeaTALK2 cabling
Digital instrument chapters and/
or pages missing
Check that the instrument profile
supports these chapters/pages. If
necessary, use the procedures in
Section 7 to apply the appropriate profile.
Not included in current instrument profile
One type of data (e.g. speed) miss- Transducer information missing
ing from all instruments.
Check transducer
Check cable connections from
transducer to Pod.
Check Pod.
No chapter titles on digital instru- Chapter titles turned off during
ments.
setup
Use the procedures for either Data
Display or Graphic Display as
appropriate, in Section 7 to check
the setup status.
Autopilot troubleshooting
Additional troubleshooting procedures for Raymarine autopilots, are
given in Section 8 of this handbook.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S5.book Page 4 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:42 AM
5-1-4
Section 5: Maintenance & Troubleshooting
1.3 Technical support
Raymarine provides a comprehensive customer support service, on the
world wide web and by telephone help line. Please use either of these
facilities if you are unable to rectify a problem.
World wide web
Please visit the Customer Support area of our website at:
www.raymarine.com
As well as providing a comprehensive Frequently Asked Questions
section and servicing information, it also gives e-mail access to the
Raymarine Technical Support Department and a details of the locations
of Raymarine agents, worldwide.
Telephone help line
If you do not have access to the world wide web, please call:
1-800-539-5539, extension 2444 or
(603) 881-5200 extension 2444
Help us to help you
When requesting service, please quote the following product
information:
•
•
•
•
Equipment type.
Model number.
Serial number.
Software issue number.
To obtain serial numbers and software release issue numbers in your
ST290 system, carry out the following procedure, at a Graphic Display:
1. In Normal operating mode, press the
button to enter Chapter
Select mode, then cycle to the USER SETUP chapter heading.
2. Press the button momentarily to display the SETUP ACCESS page.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S5.book Page 5 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 8:42 AM
Section 5: Maintenance & Troubleshooting
5-1-5
D5949-1
Figure 1-1: SETUP ACCESS page
button for 10 seconds to display DEALER ENTRY
3. Hold down the
screen.
DEALER
D6060-1
Figure 1-2: Confirm dealer setup screen
4. Within 5 seconds, press down the
DEALER screen.
button to display the first
5. Use the
button to scroll to the DEALER VERSION NOS and DEALER
SERIAL NOS screens, and make a note of the relevant version and serial
numbers.
6. To leave the Dealer options and return to Normal operation:
i. Use the
ii. Press the
button to move to the DEALER EXIT screen
button for 2 seconds, to return to Normal operation.
Note: Serial numbers are also printed on the individual products.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6.book Page i Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
Section 6: Installation
Contents
Chapter 1:
Preparing for Installation ....................................................... 6-1-1
1.1 Introduction ........................................................................... 6-1-1
1.2 Planning the installation ........................................................ 6-1-6
EMC Installation Guidelines ................................................. 6-1-6
Suppression Ferrites ........................................................ 6-1-7
Connections to Other Equipment ..................................... 6-1-7
Data Processing Unit ............................................................. 6-1-7
USB considerations ......................................................... 6-1-8
Transducer Pods ..................................................................... 6-1-8
Instruments & keypads .......................................................... 6-1-9
Wind, Speed & Depth transducers ........................................6-1-11
Cable lengths ...................................................................6-1-11
Wind ................................................................................6-1-11
Speed and Depth ............................................................ 6-1-12
Further information ............................................................. 6-1-14
1.3 SeaTALK2 requirements ...................................................... 6-1-14
1.4 System structures ................................................................. 6-1-15
Preliminary information ...................................................... 6-1-15
Cables .................................................................................. 6-1-16
Power supply ....................................................................... 6-1-16
Protection ....................................................................... 6-1-16
1.5 Typical systems .................................................................... 6-1-17
Chapter 2:
Installation Procedures ........................................................... 6-2-1
2.1 Introduction ........................................................................... 6-2-1
Important ............................................................................... 6-2-1
Sequence of operations .......................................................... 6-2-1
2.2 Running SeaTalk & SeaTALK2 cables .................................. 6-2-2
Cable routing practices .......................................................... 6-2-2
Identifying cables .................................................................. 6-2-2
Procedure ............................................................................... 6-2-3
Pods .................................................................................. 6-2-4
System power ................................................................... 6-2-5
2.3 Cable preparation ................................................................... 6-2-5
General connections .............................................................. 6-2-5
Connections to spring retention connectors ........................... 6-2-6
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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ii
Section 6: Installation
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
Fitting Data Processing Unit .................................................. 6-2-7
Connections to DPU .............................................................. 6-2-8
SeaTalk & SeaTALK2 ...................................................... 6-2-8
Miscellaneous .................................................................. 6-2-9
NMEA data .................................................................... 6-2-10
Securing cables and replacing cover .................................... 6-2-11
Fitting Speed, Depth & Wind transducers ........................... 6-2-11
Speed & Depth ..................................................................... 6-2-11
Running transducer cable ............................................... 6-2-11
Wind transducer ................................................................... 6-2-12
Assembling Wind Vane .................................................. 6-2-12
Fitting transducer ........................................................... 6-2-13
Running transducer cable ............................................... 6-2-14
Fitting transducer Pods ........................................................ 6-2-15
Connecting Pods .................................................................. 6-2-17
Identifying connections ................................................. 6-2-17
Replacing Pod cover ............................................................ 6-2-19
Fitting instruments & keypads ............................................. 6-2-19
General requirements ........................................................... 6-2-19
Pilot Keypad .................................................................. 6-2-19
Mounting options ................................................................. 6-2-19
Instrument & keypad seals ................................................... 6-2-20
Procedures ........................................................................... 6-2-20
Flush mounting .............................................................. 6-2-20
Surface mounting ........................................................... 6-2-23
Connecting instruments & keypads ..................................... 6-2-25
Made-up cables .............................................................. 6-2-25
Unterminated SeaTALK2 cable ..................................... 6-2-25
Unused connectors ............................................................... 6-2-27
Making power connections .................................................. 6-2-27
Requirements ....................................................................... 6-2-27
Power supply capacity ................................................... 6-2-27
Grounding the system .................................................... 6-2-27
Procedures ........................................................................... 6-2-29
Connecting to a system which includes
a Raymarine autopilot .................................................... 6-2-29
Connecting to a system without
a Raymarine autopilot .................................................... 6-2-29
Preparing ST290 for use ...................................................... 6-2-30
Initial checks ........................................................................ 6-2-30
Setup requirements .............................................................. 6-2-31
EMC Conformance .............................................................. 6-2-31
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6.book Page 1 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
6-1-1
Chapter 1: Preparing for Installation
1.1 Introduction
This chapter provides information to assist in planning the installation of
an ST290 system. As different ST290 systems will comprise different
product combinations, the items packed with each product are shown in
the following illustrations. A System Pack T22071 containing all the
items provided in E22055, E22057, E22067 and E22069, is also
available.
Graphic Instrument Part No. E22057 - pack items
Graphic Instrument
Digital Instrument
Clamp
Digital Instrument
Surface Mount Seal
Digital Instrument
Edge Seal
Stud (4 off)
Thumb-nut (4 off)
Digital Instrument
Sun Cover
SeaTALK2 Cable, 400 mm,
Plug to Plug
Quick Reference Guide,
Part No. 86073-1
D6020-1
s
Grounding cable, 2 meters
D6018-2
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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6-1-2
Section 6: Installation
Depth Pod, Part No. E22067 - pack items
Depth Tranducer Pod
No. 6 x 3/4 inch pan-head
self-tapping screw (3 off)
SeaTalk Cable Plug, 400 mm
D6021-1
Speed Pod, Part No. E22069 - pack items
Speed Tranducer Pod
No. 6 x 3/4 inch pan-head
self-tapping screw (3 off)
SeaTalk Cable Plug, 400 mm
D6022-1
Wind Transducer & Pod, Part No. E22068 - pack items
Long Arm Mast
Head Transducer
Anemometer Head
Wind vane head
Wind Transducer Pod
Junction box
SeaTalk Cable Plug, 400 mm
Allen key
ST60, 50 metre Mount Assembly
M5 x 50,
countersunk screws (2 off)
SeaTALK2 Cable, 400 mm,
Plug to Plug
No 6 x 3/4 inch pan-head
self-tapping screw (3 off)
D6029-2
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6.book Page 3 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
Chapter 1: Preparing for Installation
6-1-3
Data Instrument Part No. E22056 - pack items
Data Instrument
Digital Instrument
Surface Mount Seal
Digital Instrument
Clamp
Digital Instrument
Edge Seal
Stud (4 off)
Thumb-nut (4 off)
SeaTALK2 Cable, 400 mm,
Plug to Plug
Digital Instrument
Sun Cover
Quick Reference Guide,
Part No. 86073-1
D6019-1
Analog Wind Instrument, Part No. E22059 - pack items
Wind
Analog Instrument
Analog
Instrument Clamp
SeaTalk Cable
Analog
Surface Mount
Seal
Stud (2 off)
Analog
Edge Seal
Analog
Instrument
Sun Cover
Thumb-nut (2 off)
D6025-1
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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6-1-4
Section 6: Installation
Analog Close Hauled Wind Instrument, Part No. E22061 - pack items
Close Hauled Wind
Analog Instrument
Analog
Instrument Clamp
SeaTalk Cable
Analog
Surface Mount
Seal
Stud (2 off)
Analog
Edge Seal
Analog
Instrument
Sun Cover
Thumb-nut (2 off)
D6026-1
Analog Compass Instrument, Part No. E22060 - pack items
Compass
Analog Instrument
Analog
Instrument Clamp
SeaTalk Cable
Analog
Surface Mount
Seal
Stud (2 off)
Analog
Edge Seal
Analog
Instrument
Sun Cover
Thumb-nut (2 off)
D6027-1
Analog Rudder Angle Indicator Instrument, Part No. E22062 - pack items
Rudder Angle
Analog Instrument
Analog
Instrument Clamp
SeaTalk Cable
Analog
Surface Mount
Seal
Stud (2 off)
Analog
Edge Seal
Analog
Instrument
Sun Cover
Thumb-nut (2 off)
D6028-1
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Chapter 1: Preparing for Installation
6-1-5
Remote Plus Keypad, Part No. E22065 - pack items
Stud (2 off)
Thumb-nut (2 off)
Remote Plus
Keypad
Keypad
Clamp
Keypad
Seals
Keypad
Sun Cover
SeaTalk Cable
D6023-1
Remote Keypad, Part No. E22063 - pack items
Stud (2 off)
Thumb-nut (2 off)
Remote
Keypad
Keypad
Clamp
Keypad
Seals
Keypad
Sun Cover
SeaTalk Cable
D6024-1
Pilot Keypad, Part No. E12094 - pack items
Stud (2 off)
Thumb-nut (2 off)
Pilot
Keypad
Keypad
Clamp
Keypad
Seals
Keypad
Sun Cover
SeaTalk Cable
D6031-1
MOB Keypad, Part No. E22064 - pack items
Stud (2 off)
Thumb-nut (2 off)
MOB
Keypad
Keypad
Clamp
Keypad
Seals
Keypad
Sun Cover
SeaTalk Cable
D6030-1
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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6-1-6
Section 6: Installation
1.2 Planning the installation
EMC Installation Guidelines
All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best
industry standards for use in the recreational marine environment.
Their design and manufacture conforms to the appropriate
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standards, but correct installation
is required to ensure that performance is not compromised. Although
every effort has been taken to ensure that they will perform under all
conditions, it is important to understand what factors could affect the
operation of the product.
The guidelines given here describe the conditions for optimum EMC
performance, but it is recognized that it may not be possible to meet all of
these conditions in all situations. To ensure the best possible conditions
for EMC performance within the constraints imposed by any location,
always ensure the maximum separation possible between different items
of electrical equipment.
For optimum EMC performance, it is recommended that wherever
possible:
• Raymarine equipment and cables connected to it are:
• At least 3 ft (1 m) from any equipment transmitting or cables carrying radio signals e.g. VHF radios, cables and antennas. In the
case of SSB radios, the distance should be increased to 7 ft (2 m).
• More than 7 ft (2 m) from the path of a radar beam. A radar beam
can normally be assumed to spread 20 degrees above and below
the radiating element.
• The equipment is supplied from a separate battery from that used for
engine start. Voltage drops below 10 V, and starter motor transients,
can cause the equipment to reset. This will not damage the equipment, but may cause the loss of some information and may change the
operating mode.
• Raymarine specified cables are used. Cutting and rejoining these
cables can compromise EMC performance and must be avoided
unless doing so is detailed in the installation manual.
• If a suppression ferrite is attached to a cable, this ferrite should not be
removed. If the ferrite needs to be removed during installation it must
be reassembled in the same position.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Chapter 1: Preparing for Installation
6-1-7
Suppression Ferrites
The following illustration shows typical cable suppression ferrites used
with Raymarine equipment. Always use the ferrites supplied by
Raymarine.
D3548-2
Connections to Other Equipment
If your Raymarine equipment is to be connected to other equipment using
a cable not supplied by Raymarine, a suppression ferrite MUST always
be attached to the cable near to the Raymarine unit.
5.12 in (130 mm)
Data Processing Unit
5.9 in (150 mm)
Figure 1-1: DPU dimensions
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
1.53 in
(39 mm)
D5536-1
81183_2 S6.book Page 8 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
6-1-8
Section 6: Installation
CAUTION:
The DPU is not waterproof and so must be installed in a dry location.
The DPU must be positioned below decks in a dry location where:
• It is protected against physical damage.
• It is at least 9 in (230 mm) from a compass.
• It is at least 20 in (500 mm) from radio receiving equipment.
• There is reasonable access for installation and servicing.
4.61 in (117 mm)
Transducer Pods
2.6 in (66 mm)
1.42 in (36 mm)
D5537-1
Figure 1-2: Transducer Pod dimensions
CAUTION:
The transducer Pods are not waterproof and so must be installed in a
dry location.
Each transducer Pod must be positioned below decks in a dry location
where:
• It is protected against physical damage.
• It is at least 9 in (230 mm) from a compass.
• It is at least 20 in (500 mm) from radio receiving equipment.
• There is reasonable access for installation and servicing.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Chapter 1: Preparing for Installation
6-1-9
Instruments & keypads
Templates to facilitate instrument and keypad installation are
provided in Section 11 of this handbook.
The necessary mounting surface thickness for the different instrument
and keypad types, are summarized in Table 1-1 .
Table 1-1: Mounting surface thickness
Mounting surface
Minimum thickness Maximum thickness
Product
/8 inch (3 mm)
1 inch (25 mm)
/8 inch (3 mm)
3
/4 inch (20 mm)
/8 inch (3 mm)
3
/4 inch (20 mm)
Digital instruments
1
Analog instruments
1
Keypads
1
The maximum thicknesses given in Table 1-1 apply when using the
standard fixing studs supplied with your ST290 product. If you want to
install an ST290 product in a mounting surface thicker than the
maximum quoted thickness, use an M4 stud x 0.7 mm pitch, of the
appropriate length.
4.9 in (124 mm )
1.38 in (35 mm)
minimum clearance
6.7 in (170 mm)
0.3 in
(7.65 mm)
Figure 1-3: Digital instrument dimensions
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
1.6 in
(39.5 mm)
1.0 in
(25.1 mm)
D5534-1
81183_2 S6.book Page 10 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
6-1-10
Section 6: Installation
4.9 in (124 mm)
1.38 in (35 mm)
minimum clearance
0.3 in
(7.65 mm)
1.33 in
(33.75 mm)
4.9 in (124 mm)
1.0 in
(25.1 mm)
D5535-1
Figure 1-4: Analog instrument dimensions
3.1 in (78.5 mm)
2.2 in (56.5 mm)
diameter
4.88 in (124 mm)
1.38 in (35 mm)
minimum clearance
1.61 in (41 mm)
0.8 in (20 mm)
D5539-1
Figure 1-5: Keypad dimensions
CAUTION:
The presence of moisture at the rear of an instrument or keypad
could cause damage either by entering the instrument through the
breathing hole or by coming into contact with the electrical
connectors.
Each ST290 instrument and keypad can be fitted either above or below
deck, provided:
• The rear of each product is protected from water.
• Instruments are easily read by the helmsman.
• Keypads are easily operable.
• Each product is protected against physical damage.
• Each product is at least 9 in (230 mm) from a compass.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Chapter 1: Preparing for Installation
•
•
6-1-11
Each product is at least 20 in (500 mm) from radio receiving equipment.
There is reasonable rear access for installation and servicing.
Wind, Speed & Depth transducers
Cable lengths
The Wind, Speed and Depth transducer types connect to SeaTALK2 via
an associated Pod. The transducers are supplied with fitted cables, as
follows:
•
•
Wind: 164 ft (50 m)
Depth/Speed: 45 ft (13.7 m)
Wind
The Wind transducer is supplied with a junction box and a set of spade
terminals. The intended location for the wind transducer must:
• Be as high as possible and away from any equipment which may
shield the transducer or otherwise disturb the air flow.
• Allow reasonable access for installation and servicing.
• Provide a horizontal mounting surface. If a surface (e.g. mast top) is
otherwise suitable but not horizontal, make up a suitable wedged
packing piece to provide the necessary horizontal surface.
15.2 in (386 mm)
12.2 in (310 mm)
2.5 in (63.5 mm)
1.25 in
(31.75 mm)
33.5 in (850 mm)
Figure 1-6: Wind Transducer dimensions
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6-1-12
Section 6: Installation
Speed and Depth
A wide range of through-hull Speed and Depth transducers are available,
suitable for GRP, steel and aluminum hulled vessels (see Table 1-2 ).
Please consult your Raymarine dealer for advice on the most appropriate
transducer type for your vessel.
Table 1-2: Summary of transducer types
Hull material Speed transducer
Depth transducer
GRP
M78712 Through hull plastic
M78713 Through hull plastic or
M78718 Retractable through hull.
Steel
M78712 Through hull plastic
M78713 Through hull plastic or
M78718 Retractable through hull.
Aluminium
M78712 Through hull plastic
M78713 Through hull plastic or
M78718 Retractable through hull.
Wood
M78716 Through hull bronze
M78714 Through hull bronze
3.50 in. (89 mm)
Depth
2.0 in. (51 mm)
diameter
2.94 in. (75 mm) 0.19 in.
diameter
(5 mm)
3.95 in.
(100 mm)
2.94 in. (75 mm)
diameter
2.94 in. (75 mm)
diameter
Speed
2.0 in. (51 mm)
diameter
0.57 in.
(14 mm)
2.94 in. (75 mm)
diameter
D5662-1
Figure 1-7: Typical plastic through hull transducer dimensions
Siting
Speed and Depth transducers should be sited within the clear water flow
areas indicated by the shaded areas in Figure 1-8 .
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Chapter 1: Preparing for Installation
Sailing vessel
6-1-13
Planing power vessel
Displacement power vessel
D5514-1
Figure 1-8: Speed & Depth Transducer siting
Each transducer should also:
• Be ahead of the propellers by at least 10% of the water line length.
• Be at least 6 in (150 mm) away from the keel (ideally ahead of the
keel if a sailing yacht).
• Be as near as possible to the centre line of the vessel.
• Be clear of other through-hull fittings or projections.
• Have sufficient clearance inside the hull to enable the nut to be fitted.
• Have 4 in (100 mm) of space above it, to allow for withdrawal.
In addition to the above requirements, the depth transducer must be
mounted within 10° of the vertical, forward, aft and athwart ships.
D4350-4
Figure 1-9: Depth Transducer maximum angle
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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6-1-14
Section 6: Installation
Further information
For advice or further information regarding the installation of any ST290
product, please contact the Raymarine Product Support Department or
your local Raymarine dealer. Technical Support information in given in
Section 5 of this handbook.
1.3 SeaTALK2 requirements
Each SeaTALK2 product is labelled with a Load Equivalency Number
(LEN), to indicate how much power it consumes (see Table 1-3 ).
Table 1-3: Load Equivalence Numbers
Product
LEN
Digital instrument
6
DPU
5
Transducer Pods
1
In order to achieve optimum performance, always observe the following
guidelines when installing SeaTALK2 cables:
• A terminator plug is required AT EACH END of the main SeaTALK 2
cable run (see Figure 1-10 ).
B
SPUR
Terminator in
empty socket
C
A
Data
Processing
Unit
E
D
Terminator
5-way
connector
block
RF ground
5-way
connector
block
D5545-2
Figure 1-10: SeaTALK2 dimensions
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Chapter 1: Preparing for Installation
•
•
•
6-1-15
The total length of the SeaTALK2 main cable run must be no more
than 655 ft (200 m). The main cable run is defined as the total length
of cable between the two terminators. For example, in Figure 1-10 ,
the length of the main cable run is the sum of distances A+B+C+D+E.
Where it is impractical to connect a product in a daisy-chained manner, a connector block and spur cable can be used. Where this method
is used, the length of the spur cable must not exceed 3 ft (1 m).
The sum of the LENs of all individual products in a SeaTALK2 system must not exceed 100. If this value exceeds 100 in the system you
are planning, contact the Raymarine Technical Support Department
or your local Raymarine Dealer for advice.
1.4 System structures
Preliminary information
Before running cables, refer to Table 1-4 , to determine which bus type
(SeaTalk or SeaTALK2) is required for each product you intend
installing. A summary of the various ST290 components and their
associated bus connections is shown in Table 1-4 .
Table 1-4: Bus allocations
Component
Bus connections
DPU
SeaTALK2 and SeaTalk. NMEA 2000, NMEA 0183
and USB ports are also available.
Digital instruments (Graphic & Data) SeaTALK2
Transducer Pods (all types)
SeaTALK2
Analog instruments (all types)
SeaTalk
Keypads (all types)
SeaTalk
Spend some time determining the best positions for the instruments and
transducers, such that the conditions described under Planning the
installation are satisfied. If you are planning to utilize the NMEA0183,
NMEA2000 or USB interfaces, for other products (e.g. GPS), you must
also take this into account when positioning your ST290 products.
In an ST290 system the Data Processing Unit (DPU) controls the
operation of the system, and connects to the other system components via
SeaTalk and SeaTALK2 buses. The Digital instruments and the
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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6-1-16
Section 6: Installation
transducer Pods connect to SeaTALK2, whereas the analog instruments
and keypads connect to SeaTalk.
A very basic system could comprise the DPU, one instrument, one
transducer and one Pod, but in practical terms, a typical ST290 system
will comprise a number of digital and analog instruments, several
transducers, Pods and keypads.
Cables
Cables for both SeaTalk buses are available both in made-up form with
fitted connectors, and unterminated on a drum. Spade connectors and
junction boxes are provided to terminate cables as necessary.
Power supply
The power supply installation information in this handbook is valid for a
typical ST290 system with a total LEN of up to 100 (see SeaTalk2
requirements on page 6-1-14). Larger systems need additional power
supplies. If the system you are intending to install will have a total LEN of
more than 100, please contact the Raymarine Technical Support
Department, or your local Raymarine Dealer, for advice on power supply
connection.
An ST290 system requires a 12 V dc supply, connected in one of the
following ways:
• With the supply (normally a battery) connected to the DPU.
• From a Raymarine Course Computer, via SeaTalk.
Note: If a battery is used as a power source, it is recommended that in order to avoid sudden voltage drops, the battery used for engine starting is
NOT used to power ST290.
Refer to Section 6, Chapter 2 for power connection details.
Protection
The power supply must be protected with a 5 A fuse or circuit breaker.
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Chapter 1: Preparing for Installation
6-1-17
1.5 Typical systems
The exact manner in which ST290 is installed will be different from boat
to boat, but suggested layouts for a sail boat and a power boat are shown
in Figure 1-11 .
Typical ST290 systems on
power & sail boats
Key:
SeaTalk 2
SeaTalk
D5798-2
Figure 1-11: Typical system layouts
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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6-1-18
Section 6: Installation
Suggested connection schemes for two different ST290 systems are
shown in Figure 1-12 and Figure 1-13
TYPICAL SYSTEM (with battery power source)
Wind Transducer
Data Processing Unit
Digital instruments
SPEED
25.68
Terminator plugs
into instrument
spare connector
KNOTS
5 A fuse
ST290 analog instruments and keypads
Heading
information
Digital instruments
SPEED
SPEED
25.68
12 V
25.68
KNOTS
Speed Pod
Key:
KNOTS
Depth Pod
Wind Pod
SeaTalk
SeaTALK 2
Grounding
cable
Terminator
5-way connector
Speed
Transducer
Depth
Transducer
5-way connector
RF ground
D5600-2
Figure 1-12: Typical system using both SeaTalk and SeaTALK2 products with
power supplied from battery
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Chapter 1: Preparing for Installation
6-1-19
TYPICAL SYSTEM (with power from Course Computer)
Wind Transducer
Data Processing Unit
Digital instruments
SPEED
25.68
Terminator plugs
into instrument
spare connector
KNOTS
ST290 analog instruments and keypads
Raymarine Course Computer
supplies 12 V power and
heading information for
ST290.
Digital instruments
SPEED
SPEED
25.68
KNOTS
25.68
KNOTS
Speed Pod
Key:
Power in
Depth Pod
Wind Pod
SeaTalk
SeaTALK 2
Grounding
cable
Terminator
Speed
Transducer
5-way connector
5-way connector
Depth
Transducer
RF ground
D5601-2
Figure 1-13: Typical system using both SeaTalk and SeaTALK2 products with
power supplied from a Raymarine Course Computer
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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6-2-1
Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
2.1 Introduction
Important
WARNING:
Make sure you have switched off the power supply before you start
installing this product.
CAUTION:
Where it is necessary to drill or cut holes (e.g. for cable routing and
instrument mounting):
• Ensure that these will not cause a hazard by weakening critical
parts of the vessel’s structure. If in doubt, seek advice from a
reputable boat builder.
• Ensure that you do not damage items behind the surfaces you cut.
Before commencing any installation procedure, ensure that you have
read and understood Section 6,Chapter 1, and that you are able to meet
the requirements described there. Provided you adhere to those
conditions, you can position the ST290 system components as required.
Sequence of operations
Typical installation procedures are described in the following sequence:
• Running SeaTalk & SeaTALK2 cables.
• Fitting Data Processing Unit.
• Fitting Speed, Depth and Wind transducers.
• Fitting transducer Pods.
• Fitting instruments and keypads.
• Making power connections.
• Preparation for use.
If necessary, adapt this sequence to best suit your situation.
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6-2-2
Section 6: Installation
2.2 Running SeaTalk & SeaTALK2 cables
Cable routing practices
When running cable, always observe the following guidelines:
• If a cable has to be fed through the deck, always use a good quality
deck gland.
• Where cables are fed through holes, always use grommets to prevent
chafing.
• Secure long cable runs so they do not present a hazard.
• Wherever possible, route cables away from fluorescent lights,
engines and radio transmitting equipment, as these may cause interference.
• Always observe the SeaTALK2 requirements, detailed in Section 6,
Chapter 1.
Identifying cables
SeaTalk and SeaTALK2 buses are used in the ST290 system. SeaTalk
uses a 3-core cable and SeaTALK2 uses a 5-core, screened cable. Each
cable type is available in both made-up form with pre-fitted connectors
(see Figure 2-1 ), and in unterminated form on a drum.
SeaTalk connector
SeaTALK 2 connector
D5786-1
Figure 2-1: Bus connectors
If you are working with unterminated cable, use the details in Table 2-1
(SeaTalk) andTable 2-2 (SeaTALK2) to ascertain the correct
connections. Cable boots are available to cover the spade terminals used
to connect unterminated SeaTALK2 cables. Further details are given
under Unterminated SeaTalk2 cable on on page 6-2-25.
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Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-3
Table 2-1: SeaTalk connections
Wire
Function
Red
12 V +
Uninsulated
12 V -
Yellow
Data
Table 2-2: SeaTALK2 connections
Wire
Function
Shield
Screen
Red
12 V +
Black
12 V -
White
Signal line high
Blue
Signal line low
Procedure
Using Figure 2-2 as a guide, run the SeaTalk and SeaTALK2 cables from
the intended location of the DPU to the intended location of the nearest
instrument or keypad on each bus. If necessary, SeaTALK2 can comprise
two sections (as shown in Figure 2-2 ). Remember that the total of the
Load Equivalency Numbers (LEN) of the products connected to
SeaTALK2 must not exceed 100 (see Section 6, Chapter 1 for details).
Run SeaTalk and SeaTALK2 cables as appropriate, between the intended
locations of the remaining products, so you can to daisy-chain the
products together (as in Figure 2-2 ).
At the intended location for each ST290 product, take the following
action:
• If you are using pre-made cables, coil up the cable to await connection.
• If you are using unterminated cable, leave two cable ‘tails’ each
approximately 2 ft (600 mm) long, to facilitate future connection.
Connector blocks can be used to connect to spurs where appropriate.
Always fit a SeaTALK2 terminator at each end of the SeaTALK2
bus.
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6-2-4
Section 6: Installation
SeaTALK2
connects to ST290 digital instruments
Data Processing Unit
SPEED
25.68
Plug Terminator
into instrument
spare connector
KNOTS
SeaTalk
Heading information
from Smart Heading
System
connects to ST290 analog instruments,
keypads & Smart Heading System
If appropriate, connect
to existing SeaTalk bus,
or Raymarine plotter,
GPS navigator or radar
SPEED
25.68
KNOTS
SPEED
25.68
KNOTS
SeaTALK2
ST290
Terminator
connects to ST290 digital instruments
and transducer Pods
5-way connector
5-way connector
ST290
grounding cable
RF ground
D6011-2
Figure 2-2: Running SeaTalk and SeaTALK2 cables
Pods
Each transducer Pod is supplied with a fitted SeaTALK2 cable and
integral plug. The recommended method for installing the Pods is to fit
them in close proximity to one another and plug the cable from each Pod
to a 5-way SeaTALK2 connector block (as in Figure 2-2 ).The connector
block is connected to SeaTALK2 and also provides a convenient point to
insert a SeaTALK2 terminator.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-5
System power
DO NOT CONNECT POWER to an ST290 system other than by the
methods described under Making power connections on page 6-2-27.
If a SeaTalk bus is already installed on the vessel, use SeaTalk cable to
extend the bus to the existing products from the intended locations of the
ST290 analog products. In such a case, the power source for the existing
SeaTalk bus will also supply power for the entire ST290 system.
2.3 Cable preparation
In an ST290 system, cables not already fitted with molded connectors
must be correctly prepared for connection. To do this, use either the
General connections procedure (for connection to spade connectors or
junction box) or the Connections to spring retention connectors
procedure below, as appropriate.
General connections
The method of preparing a cable for connection to spade connectors or to
the connector block in the Wind transducer junction box, is shown in
Figure 2-3 .
Dimension a
SeaTALK 2 red and black wires: dimension a = 3 mm
All other insulated wires: dimension a = 6 mm
Shield: not applicable
a
56 mm
D6049-1
Figure 2-3: Preparing cable for spade connectors or junction box
Prepare the cable as described in Figure 2-3 then, ensuring wire strands
do not extend beyond the rear of the connector insulation, insert each wire
into the connector. An example showing a spade connector is shown in
Figure 2-4 . Secure the wires as follows:
• Crimp spade connectors.
• Tighten connector block screws.
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6-2-6
Section 6: Installation
SeaTALK 2 Red or Black wire
All other wires
3 mm
D5906-1
Figure 2-4: Inserting wires in spade connectors
Connections to spring retention connectors
The DPU and transducer Pods use color-coded, spring retention
connectors for SeaTALK2 connections. To make a secure connection to a
spring retention connector, prepare the cable for connection as shown in,
Figure 2-5 , then use the method illustrated in Figure 2-6 to connect each
wire.
9 mm
50 mm
D5905-1
Figure 2-5: Preparing cable for spring retention connectors
9 mm
D5907-1
Figure 2-6: Connecting to spring retention connector
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-7
2.4 Fitting Data Processing Unit
Fit the Data Processing Unit to a vertical surface, as follows:
1. Remove the outer cover.
2
1
D5794-1
Figure 2-7: Removing DPU cover
2. Place the DPU in the required position and mark the position of the
fixing holes.
3. Using a 1/8 in (3.5 mm) drill, drill a pilot hole for each of the two fixing
screws.
4. Screw one of the self-tapping screws provided (No 8 x 1 in) into each
hole, so each screw-head is at least 15 mm from the surface.
D5776-1
Figure 2-8: Fitting DPU
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6-2-8
Section 6: Installation
5. Place the fixing holes over the screw heads, then move the DPU down
so the screw heads are at the top of the keyhole slots.
6. Tighten the self-tapping screws to secure the DPU in position.
Connections to DPU
SeaTalk & SeaTALK2
Connect SeaTalk and SeaTALK2 cables to the DPU as shown in
Figure 2-9, DPU SeaTalk & SeaTALK2 connections.
SHIELD
RED
SeaTALK 2
BLACK
WHITE
BLUE
SHIELD
RED
SeaTALK 2
BLACK
WHITE
BLUE
RED
SeaTalk
UNINSULATED
YELLOW
D5564-1
Figure 2-9: DPU SeaTalk & SeaTALK2 connections
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Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-9
Miscellaneous
The DPU also provides the following connections (see Figure 2-10,
Miscellaneous DPU connectors):
• NMEA0183
• NMEA2000
• Universal Serial Bus (USB) connector to enable ST290 to be connected to a computer system for operation with navigational systems
such as Raytech, and for diagnostic purposes.
• Auxiliary Alarm.
N2000_L
N2000_H
N2000_V-
NMEA 2000
N2000_V+
N2000_SCR
N0183_TX-N0183_TX+
N0183_RX--
NMEA 0183
N0183_RX+
OUTOUT+
Auxiliary alarm
USB connector
D5606-1
Figure 2-10: Miscellaneous DPU connectors
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6-2-10
Section 6: Installation
NMEA data
NMEA0183
Supported NMEA 0183 data is detailed in Table 2-3 and Table 2-4 .
Table 2-3: NMEA0183 transmitted data
Header
Data
DBT
Depth
HDG
Heading, deviation and variation
HDM
Magnetic heading
MTW
Water temperature
VHW
Water speed and heading
MWV
Wind speed and angle
Table 2-4: NMEA0183 Received data
Header
Data
BWC
Bearing and distance to waypoint
VTG
COG and SOG
XTE
Cross track error
GLL
Latitude, longitude and time
RMB
Cross Track Error
Origin and destination waypoint identity
Destination waypoint latitude and longitude
Range and bearing to waypoint
Waypoint arrival status
RMC
Time, date, latitude, longitude, COG and SOG
Variation
GGA
Time
Latitude and longitude
Satellites Tracked
HDOP
APB
Cross track error
Waypoint identifier
Waypoint Bearing
Waypoint Distance
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Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-11
NMEA2000
Table 2-5: NMEA2000 Transmitted data
Parameter Group Number Data
128259
SOG and water speed
127250
Magnetic heading, deviation and variation
128267
Water depth
130306
Wind speed and direction
130310
Water temperature
Securing cables and replacing cover
When the DPU cables have all been connected, secure each cable to the
loops on the DPU, using the cable ties provided.
When all cables are secure, replace the DPU cover.
Do not use the DPU with the cover removed, as this could degrade the
EMC performance.
2.5 Fitting Speed, Depth & Wind transducers
Each transducer connects to SeaTALK2 via a dedicated Pod, supplied
with the transducer. These instructions describe how to fit the transducers
and run the transducer cables to the intended locations for the Pods. At
each Pod location, leave at least 2 ft (600 mm) of transducer cable, to
facilitate future connection.
Speed & Depth
Instructions for installing and maintaining the Speed and Depth
transducers are packed with the transducers. Install these transducer
types in accordance with these enclosed instructions.
Running transducer cable
Speed and Depth transducers each have a 45 ft (13.7 m) cable, which
connects to the relevant Pod. Observing the guidelines given under Cable
routing guidelines near the start of this chapter, run the cable to the
intended location for the Pod.
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6-2-12
Section 6: Installation
Important point: Do NOT shorten the cable from the Depth transducer
as this will seriously degrade transducer performance. If the Depth
transducer cable is too long, coil the spare cable in an appropriate, safe
position.
Wind transducer
The Wind transducer is fitted with a 164 ft (50 m) cable, terminated with
spade connectors for connection to the Wind transducer Pod. The manner
in which the cable is fitted will depend on the locations of the transducer
and Pod. The following guidelines are provided:
• If the transducer is mounted on a masthead or other structure likely to
be removed for maintenance or storage purposes, always incorporate
a disconnection point as near as possible to the cable entry point into
the vessel. This can be achieved either by positioning the Wind Pod at
an appropriate point, or if this is not possible, by connecting the junction box supplied, between the Wind transducer and Pod, near the
cable entry point.
• It may be necessary to remove the spade connectors to facilitate
installation, e.g. if you want incorporate the junction box in the cable
run or if the cable has to be routed through narrow apertures.
Assembling Wind Vane
Referring to Figure 2-11 , assemble the wind vane, transducer body and
anemometer as follows:
1. Insert the upper spindle of the transducer body into the vane and
secure with the grub screw.
2. Insert the lower spindle of the transducer body into the anemometer
and secure with the grub screw.
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Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-13
Vane
Transducer body
Anemometer
D6035-1
Figure 2-11: Assembling vane, transducer & anemometer
Fitting transducer
The Wind transducer is typically mounted on a mast top
(see Figure 2-12 ), as follows:
1. With the threaded end of the Wind transducer mounting block facing
forwards, mark the position of the two self-tapping screws.
2. Drill two holes using a 5/32 in (4 mm) drill bit.
3. Apply sealing compound to the bottom of the mounting block.
Fixing screws
Mounting block
Locking ring
FORWARD
D6013-1
Figure 2-12: Fitting Wind transducer
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6.book Page 14 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
6-2-14
Section 6: Installation
4. Secure the mounting block to the mast top using the two fixing
screws.
5. Taking care to locate the key on the transducer arm connector with the
corresponding keyway on the mounting block connector, insert the
transducer arm connector into the mounting block connector and
tighten the locking ring securely by hand.
Running transducer cable
If the Wind transducer is fitted on a masthead, remove the spade
connectors from the free end of the cable, then feed the free end of the
cable down inside the mast.
• If the mast is a through-deck mast, feed the cable out through a suitable below-decks aperture.
• If the mast is deck stepped, feed the cable through the deck, using a
proprietary deck gland.
If the Wind Pod is situated near to the cable entry point, crimp new spade
connectors onto the wires, as described under Cable preparation on page
6-2-5, then connect the cable to the Wind Pod, as described under Fitting
transducer Pods. If the Wind Pod is not situated near to the cable entry
point, fit the junction box (see Figure 2-13 ) inside the vessel, close to the
cable entry point, then:
1. Run the cable to the junction box, then allowing sufficient cable to
connect inside the junction box, cut the cable and connect each wire at
the free end of the cable from the transducer, to a separate connector
inside the junction box.
2. Connect each wire at one end of the remaining cable to the same-colored wire inside the junction box.
3. Run the cable from the junction box to the intended location for the
Wind Pod.
4. Crimp new spade connectors onto the wires at the Wind Pod end of
the cable, as described above, and connect the cable to the Wind Pod,
as described under Fitting transducer Pods.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6.book Page 15 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-15
Mast head
Junction box
Pod
D5523-1
Figure 2-13: Using the Wind transducer junction box
Connect the cable to the Wind Pod, as described under Fitting transducer
Pods.
2.6 Fitting transducer Pods
The installation procedure given here is common to all Pod types and
assumes that SeaTALK2 and transducer cables have been routed to the
Pod location, as described under Running SeaTalk & SeaTALK2 cables on
page 6-2-2.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6.book Page 16 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
6-2-16
Section 6: Installation
Install each Pod as follows:
1. Remove the Pod cover as shown in Figure 2-14 .
2
1
D5607-1
Figure 2-14: Removing Pod cover
2. Place the Pod, with the SeaTALK2 connector block uppermost on the
mounting surface and mark the centres of the fixing holes.
3. Drill three pilot holes for the Pod mounting screws, then secure the
Pod to the mounting surface with the screws provided, as in
Figure 2-15 .
D5543-1
Figure 2-15: Securing Pod
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-17
Connecting Pods
CAUTION:
Using the wrong type of Pod could cause damage to your equipment.
Before connecting a transducer to a Pod, ensure that you are using
the correct type of Pod, i.e. Speed Pod for a Speed Transducer, Depth
Pod for a Depth Transducer etc.
A summary of the connections for the various transducer Pod types, is
given in Figure 2-16 .
Grey
Red
SeaTALK 2
Black
connectors
White
(group 1)
Blue
Blue
White
Black
Red
SeaTALK 2
connectors
(group 2)
Grey
Transducer
connectors
D5528-1
Figure 2-16: Pod connections
Note that each Pod has two groups of SeaTALK2 connectors. Each pod is
supplied with a SeaTALK2 cable connected to one group. If necessary,
you can use the second group to daisy-chain Pods into the system (see
Figure 2-17 ).
Use Figure 2-17 , to determine the optimum connection sequence and the
correct arrangement of cables in the Pod.
Identifying connections
The Pod connectors are color-coded, so ensure that each wire is
connected to the correspondingly-colored connector.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6.book Page 18 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
6-2-18
Section 6: Installation
1
Fitted SeaTALK2 cable
2
Press transducer cable into cable channel
4
3 Press SeaTALK2 cable into the
Connect transducer wires
cable channel and arrange
transducer wires over it
If necessary, you can use both groups of
SeaTALK2 connectors to daisy-chain Pods
D5547-1
Figure 2-17: Wiring a Pod
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-19
Replacing Pod cover
Do not use the Pod with the cover removed, as this could degrade the
EMC performance.
When all connections have been made to the Pod, replace the Pod cover
2.7 Fitting instruments & keypads
General requirements
All ST290 instrument and keypad types are installed in a similar manner,
so generic procedures are given. Adapt these as necessary for the product
you are installing.
Use the appropriate template, included at Section 11 of this
handbook, to facilitate installation.
Pilot Keypad
If you intend installing an ST290 Pilot Keypad, it is strongly
recommended that you install it in close vicinity to the helm.
Mounting options
ST290 instruments and keypads can be flush mounted or surface
mounted (see Figure 2-18 ).
Surface mount
Flush mount
D5718-1
Figure 2-18: Mounting options
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6.book Page 20 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
6-2-20
Section 6: Installation
At each location, ensure that:
• The mounting panel is of a suitable thickness, (see Section 6,
Chapter 1, Table 1-1, Mounting surface thickness).
• The mounting surface is clean, smooth and flat.
• There is sufficient space behind the mounting panel to accommodate
the rear of the product and connectors.
Instrument & keypad seals
Each instrument and keypad is supplied with an edge seal and a surface
mount seal. An edge seal must be fitted with each product, whether flushmounted or surface-mounted.
Some seals, have a protective backing on each side and a self-adhesive
surface on one side. All protective backing must be carefully peeled off
before using the seal. It is recommended that you attach each selfadhesive seal to the instrument or keypad you are installing.
The keypad edge and surface mount seals are joined together when
supplied, so must be carefully separated before use.
Procedures
The installation procedures are illustrated below. Although the illustrations show a digital instrument, the general method is similar for all
ST290 instruments and keypads.
Flush mounting
To flush mount an instrument or keypad, use the procedure shown in
Figure 2-19 to Figure 2-22 .
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6.book Page 21 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-21
1 Remove appropriate template
from handbook, apply to
required location and mark
cutting centers for corners.
Dril
l1
inch
diam
(2
eter5 mm
)
4.37 in (111 mm )
Inst
TO
ST
290
Dig
FLU
ita
SH
Te
Dril
l1
inch
diam
(2
eter5 mm
)
rum
P
l In
str
MO
mp
lat
um
UN
en
ent
edge
t
T
e
Dril
D5361-1
RE
Inst
rum
ent
edge
MO
5.3
VE
SH
AD
in (1
ED
60
mm
AR
l1
inch
diam
(2
eter5 mm
)
)
EA
ON
LY
Dril
l1
inch
diam
(2
eter5 mm
)
D5710-1
Figure 2-19: Flush mounting, step 1
2 Cut four holes for corners.
D5711-1
Figure 2-20: Flush mounting, step 2
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6.book Page 22 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
6-2-22
Section 6: Installation
3 Cut hole for instrument
or keypad rear section.
D5712-1
Figure 2-21: Flush mounting, step 3
4 Feed cables through bracket, mounting
surface and seal, then connect to
instrument or keypad. Use studs and
thumb nuts to secure instrument or
keypad to mounting surface.
D5713-1
Figure 2-22: Flush mounting, step 4
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-23
Surface mounting
To surface mount an instrument or keypad, use the procedure shown in
Figure 2-23 to Figure 2-26 .
1 Remove template from
handbook apply to required
location and mark cutting
centers for instrument or
keypad boss and fixing studs.
Dril
l 3/1
6
dia in (5
met mm
er )
2.68
in (6
8m
m)
ST
290
Dig TOP
ita
l In
str
um
en
t
Inst
2.68
Cut
D5703-1
Dril
2.25
in (5
7m
m)
diam
rum
ent
edge
Dril
in (6
8m
l 3/1
6
dia in (5
met mm
er )
m)
eter
1.
(43.71in
5m
m)
l 3/1
6
dia in (5
met mm
er
)
SU
RE
MO
VE
Inst
rum
ent
edge
RF
AC
EM
Te
mp O
MA
lat UN
TER
e
T
IAL
FR
OM
SH
AD
ED
AR
EA
S
1.
(43.71in
5m
m)
Dril
l 3/1
6
dia in (5
met mm
er
)
D5714-1
Figure 2-23: Surface mounting, step 1
2 Cut hole for instrument or keypad
boss.
D5715-1
Figure 2-24: Surface mounting, step 2
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6.book Page 24 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
6-2-24
Section 6: Installation
3 Drill 0.15 in (4 mm) holes for fixing studs.
D5716-1
Figure 2-25: Surface mounting, step 3
4 Feed cables through mounting surface, bracket and
seals, then connect to instrument or keypad. Use
studs and thumb nuts to secure instrument or
keypad to mounting surface.
D5717-1
Figure 2-26: Surface mounting, step 4
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-25
Connecting instruments & keypads
The appropriate buses for the various ST290 products are detailed under
Running SeaTalk & SeaTALK2 cables, but the general rule is that all
transducer Pods and digital instruments connect to SeaTALK2 whereas
analog instruments and keypads connect to SeaTalk.
Connection methods
Each product has two bus connectors to enable ‘daisy-chain’ connection
as shown in the following illustration This method can be used with both
SeaTalk and SeaTALK2 buses.
Terminator
SeaTALK 2
Last instrument
on SeaTALK 2
D5604-1
Figure 2-27: Connection methods
The exact manner in which connections are made to instruments and
keypads depends on whether you are using made-up cables with prefitted connectors, or whether you are using cable from a drum and
terminating it yourself.
Made-up cables
If you are using made up cables, plug the SeaTalk or SeaTALK2
connectors, into the connectors on the appropriate instruments.
Unterminated SeaTALK2 cable
If you are using unterminated cable for SeaTALK2, prepare the cable for
connection, as detailed below.
1. Slide a boot onto the cable (see Figure 2-28 ).
D6084-1
Figure 2-28: Cable boot
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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6-2-26
Section 6: Installation
2. Prepare the cable for connection to the instrument as described under
Cable preparation on page 6-2-5.
3. Connect the crimps to the appropriate connector pins.
Blue (CAN_LO)
White (CAN_HI)
Gray (Screen)
Black (-ve)
Red (+12 V)
Connections
as above
D5795-1
Figure 2-29: SeaTALK2 instrument connections
4. Slide the boot fully home into the instrument connector (see Figure
2-30 ).
D6082-1
Figure 2-30: Sliding cable boot into position
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-27
Unused connectors
Insert the blanking plugs supplied, into any unused SeaTALK2
connectors on the instruments, keypads and junction blocks.
2.8 Making power connections
Requirements
CAUTION:
Incorrectly connected power supplies could cause damage to the
system. Ensure you do NOT deviate from the procedures in this
handbook, when connecting power.
The ST290 system requires a 12 V dc supply. Power can be supplied
either from a separate 12 V dc source (preferably from a 12 V battery) or,
from SeaTalk. In either case, the power source for the ST290 system must
be protected by a 5 A fuse or circuit breaker.
If your vessel only has a 24 V supply, a suitable down-converter must be
used to provide 12 V.
Power for the system is connected to the DPU then distributed from there
to the rest of the system via the SeaTalk and SeaTALK2 buses.
Power supply capacity
The power supply information given here is valid for a typical ST290
system where the total of the LENs for all products on SeaTALK2 is 100
or less (see Section 6, Chapter 1). If you are installing a large system
where the total of the LENs is in excess of 100, please contact the
Raymarine Technical Support Department, or your local Raymarine
Dealer for advice on power supply connection.
Grounding the system
In order to meet the system EMC specification:
• The SeaTALK2 cable screen must be connected to the vessel’s RF
ground point.
• The 12 V supply must remain floating. DO NOT connect any part of
the 12 V supply to a ground point.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6.book Page 28 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
6-2-28
Section 6: Installation
Using the grounding cable
Raymarine provide a made-up, RF grounding cable that you are
recommended to use, to ground the ST290 system.
The grounding cable is yellow and has a connector at one end which
provides a connection to the SeaTALK2 cable screen when inserted in a
SeaTALK2 connector. The unterminated end of the cable is stripped, for
connection to the vessel’s RF ground point.
2
SeaTALK cable to instruments/DPU
2
SeaTALK cable to Speed Pod
2
SeaTALK cable to Depth Pod
Yellow grounding cable
Terminator
RF ground
(a) Grounding for system without Wind Transducer
2
SeaTALK cable to instruments/DPU
2
SeaTALK cable to Speed Pod
2
SeaTALK linking cable
2
SeaTALK cable to Depth Pod
2
SeaTALK cable
to Wind Pod
Terminator
Yellow grounding cable
RF ground
(b) Grounding for system with Wind Transducer
D6333-1
Figure 2-31:Recommended methods of grounding the system
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6 chap 2.fm Page 29 Thursday, May 8, 2003 10:52 AM
Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-29
If you require additional advice on grounding the ST290 system, please
contact the Raymarine Technical Support Department, or your local
Raymarine Dealer.
Procedures
CAUTION: POWER SUPPLY PROTECTION
Ensure that the power source for ST290 is protected by a 5 A fuse or
circuit breaker.
Connecting to a system which includes a Raymarine
autopilot
If an existing power source (e.g. a Raymarine autopilot or battery) is
already connected to SeaTalk, this provides power for the entire ST290
system. In this case, DO NOT CONNECT ANY OTHER POWER
SOURCE TO THE ST290 SYSTEM.
Connecting to a system without a Raymarine autopilot
CAUTION: MINIATURE SWITCH SETTINGS
The miniature switches on the DPU are correctly set during
manufacture. Do NOT change these settings, or damage to your
equipment could occur.
If your system is not connected to a Raymarine autopilot and if no other
power source is connected to SeaTalk, connect the 12 V supply for the
ST290 system is connected to the DPU as follows (seeFigure 2-32 ):
1. Ensure the intended power source is switched off. If you are using a
12 V battery, ensure the power cable is not connected to the battery.
5A
From battery
12V +
12V --
D5605-1
Figure 2-32: Power connections
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6 chap 2.fm Page 30 Thursday, May 8, 2003 10:52 AM
6-2-30
Section 6: Installation
2. Ensure a power source is not already connected to SeaTalk (e.g. from
a Raymarine autopilot or battery).
3. Remove the DPU cover (see Figure 2-7 ).
4. Ensuring that the power source is protected by a 5 A fuse or circuit
breaker, connect the 12 V positive and negative wires to the DPU as
shown in Figure 2-32 .
5. Replace the DPU cover.
2.9 Preparing ST290 for use
WARNING:AUTOPILOT SAFETY
If your ST290 system is connected to an autopilot system, ensure that
the boat is securely moored and that all personnel are clear of the
autopilot mechanism, before applying power to the system.
Before switching on power for the first time:
• Ensure the system has been installed in accordance with the procedures in this chapter.
• Ensure all cable connections are secure.
• Ensure all equipment covers are securely in place.
• If the system is connected to an autopilot, ensure that the boat is
securely moored and that personnel are clear of the autopilot moving
parts.
Initial checks
Once the installation is complete and power is applied for the first time:
• Check that each instrument is working satisfactorily.
• Each digital instrument will display a Profile Select screen. Use the
or button to select the most appropriate profile for the boat (SAIL or
POWER), as described in Section 2, Chapter 1.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S6.book Page 31 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 11:27 AM
Chapter 2: Installation Procedures
6-2-31
Setup requirements
WARNING: SETUP REQUIREMENT
Do NOT use ST290 or any associated system before the setup
procedures have been completed.
Before using your ST290 system for navigational purposes, prepare it for
use as follows:
• Calibrate all transducers, in accordance with the procedures in
Section 7, Chapter 2.
• Set up the autopilot system, in accordance with Section 8, Chapter 4.
• Set up each instrument, in accordance with Section 7, Chapters 2, 3
& 4.
EMC Conformance
Always check the installation before going to sea to make sure that it is
not affected by radio transmissions, engine starting etc.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S7.book Page i Wednesday, May 7, 2003 1:52 PM
Section 7: System Setup
Contents
Chapter 1:
Setup overview ........................................................................ 7-1-1
1.1 Introduction ........................................................................... 7-1-1
EMC conformance ................................................................ 7-1-1
Setup requirement .................................................................. 7-1-1
Transducer calibration ........................................................... 7-1-1
Autopilot setup ...................................................................... 7-1-1
How the User Setup values are applied .................................. 7-1-2
Terminology .......................................................................... 7-1-2
Response .......................................................................... 7-1-2
Display update rate .......................................................... 7-1-2
1.2 Digital instruments ................................................................ 7-1-2
Display responses .................................................................. 7-1-3
Data responses ................................................................. 7-1-3
Display update rate .......................................................... 7-1-3
Favorite pages ........................................................................ 7-1-3
Choosing the best instrument profile ..................................... 7-1-4
Display options ...................................................................... 7-1-4
Calibrating transducers .......................................................... 7-1-4
Setting up autopilot ................................................................ 7-1-5
Data units ............................................................................... 7-1-5
Backlighting setup ................................................................. 7-1-5
1.3 Analog instruments ................................................................ 7-1-6
Chapter 2:
Setting Up Graphic Displays ................................................... 7-2-1
2.1 Starting setup ......................................................................... 7-2-1
2.2 Setting display response and update ...................................... 7-2-4
Setting response values .......................................................... 7-2-4
Setting update rate ................................................................. 7-2-4
2.3 Setting up Favorite pages ....................................................... 7-2-5
Set number of Favorite pages ................................................. 7-2-5
Define Favorite rollover ........................................................ 7-2-6
2.4 Setting an instrument profile .................................................. 7-2-6
Choosing a profile .................................................................. 7-2-7
Introduction to Custom profiles ............................................. 7-2-7
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S7.book Page ii Wednesday, May 7, 2003 1:52 PM
ii
Section 7: System Setup
Editing Custom profiles ......................................................... 7-2-8
Starting profile edit .......................................................... 7-2-8
Chapter edit ...................................................................... 7-2-8
Page edit ......................................................................... 7-2-10
Adding a new page ......................................................... 7-2-10
Leaving profile edit ........................................................ 7-2-12
2.5 Display options ................................................................... 7-2-12
General options .................................................................... 7-2-13
Setting trip counters ............................................................. 7-2-14
Setting race timers ................................................................ 7-2-14
Setting data resolution ......................................................... 7-2-15
Setting date and time ............................................................ 7-2-16
Setting the format ........................................................... 7-2-16
Setting local time ........................................................... 7-2-16
Position logging interval ...................................................... 7-2-17
Setting remote control configuration ................................... 7-2-17
2.6 Transducer calibration procedures ....................................... 7-2-18
Requirement ........................................................................ 7-2-18
Starting calibration ............................................................... 7-2-19
Compass calibration ............................................................ 7-2-20
Compass calibration requirement .................................. 7-2-21
Swinging the compass to correct for magnetic
deviation ........................................................................ 7-2-21
Setting compass alignment ............................................ 7-2-21
Setting system variation ................................................. 7-2-22
Wind vane ............................................................................ 7-2-23
Linearizing ..................................................................... 7-2-23
Aligning.......................................................................... 7-2-24
Calibrating the Speed transducer ......................................... 7-2-25
Speed calibration principles ........................................... 7-2-25
Procedures ...................................................................... 7-2-25
Depth transducer offset ........................................................ 7-2-27
General offsets ..................................................................... 7-2-29
Set water temperature .................................................... 7-2-30
Set system voltage reading ............................................. 7-2-30
2.7 Pilot setup ............................................................................. 7-2-31
2.8 Data Units ............................................................................ 7-2-31
2.9 Backlighting setup ............................................................... 7-2-32
Setting levels ........................................................................ 7-2-32
Checking operation .............................................................. 7-2-33
2.10 Leaving setup ....................................................................... 7-2-33
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S7.book Page iii Wednesday, May 7, 2003 1:52 PM
Contents
iii
Chapter 3:
Setting up Data Displays ......................................................... 7-3-1
3.1 Starting setup ......................................................................... 7-3-1
3.2 Display responses setup ......................................................... 7-3-4
3.3 Favorite chapter setup ............................................................ 7-3-4
Introduction ........................................................................... 7-3-4
Procedure ............................................................................... 7-3-5
3.4 Setting an instrument profile .................................................. 7-3-7
Choosing a profile .................................................................. 7-3-7
Editing the Custom profile ..................................................... 7-3-7
3.5 Display options ...................................................................... 7-3-8
Setting race gun timers ..................................................... 7-3-9
Setting remote control configuration ............................. 7-3-10
3.6 Data Units .............................................................................7-3-11
3.7 Backlighting setup ............................................................... 7-3-12
3.8 Leaving setup ....................................................................... 7-3-12
Chapter 4:
Setting up Analog Instruments .............................................. 7-4-1
4.1 Introduction ........................................................................... 7-4-1
4.2 Analog instrument setup ........................................................ 7-4-1
Wind and Close Hauled Wind instruments ............................ 7-4-1
Compass instrument .............................................................. 7-4-3
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S7.book Page 1 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 1:52 PM
7-1-1
Chapter 1: Setup overview
1.1 Introduction
Use the instructions in this Section to prepare your ST290 system for use.
EMC conformance
Always check the installation before going to sea to make sure that it is
not affected by radio transmissions, engine starting etc.
In some installations, it may not be entirely possible to prevent the
equipment from being affected by external influences. Although this will
not damage the equipment, it can lead to spurious resetting action, or
momentarily may result in faulty operation.
Setup requirement
WARNING:Setup requirement
Using the ST290 system with incorrect settings applied could cause a
safety hazard. In particular, the transducer calibration and
autopilot commissioning procedures must be carried out, before
using the ST290 system for operational purposes.
Setup procedures are presented as follows:
• Graphic Displays - Section 7, Chapter 2.
• Data Displays - Section 7, Chapter 3.
• Analog instruments - Section 7, Chapter 4.
• Autopilot - Section 8, Chapters 4 & 5.
Transducer calibration
The transducer calibration procedures optimize the performance of the
transducers with the rest of the system, and so are a mandatory part of the
User Setup procedures.
Note: Transducer calibration procedures can be carried out from any
Graphic Display.
Autopilot setup
If you have one or more Pilot Keypads fitted as part of your ST290
system, you must carry out the Autopilot Commissioning procedures
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S7.book Page 2 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 1:52 PM
7-1-2
Section 7: System Setup
detailed in Section 8, Chapter 4, before first using the autopilot after
installation.
How the User Setup values are applied
When you set up ST290, the values you set are applied in one of the
following ways:
• Locally, to only the instrument you are setting up. Most setup values
are applied in this manner.
• Globally. Values set at one instrument are applied to the entire ST290
system. The global setup functions are:
• Transducer calibration (can be carried out at any Graphic Display).
• Autopilot setup (can be carried out at any Graphic Display).
• Data units.
• Race timers.
Terminology
At many instrument types, you can set the instrument response and
display update rate. These terms are described here, to avoid repetition.
Response
The response of an instrument defines its sensitivity to data changes, and
is normally set as a numeric value in the range 1 to 15. A setting of 1
means the instrument will respond slowly to changes in data values,
whereas a response setting of 15 means the instrument will respond very
quickly to data changes.
Display update rate
The display update rate determines how often an instrument display
refreshes the displayed data.
1.2 Digital instruments
The Data and Graphic Displays have a User Setup mode, which is entered
from Normal operation, where it appears as a title in the chapter rollover.
The User Setup mode comprises a dedicated group of chapters and pages
which are accessed in a similar manner to the chapters and pages used
during Normal operation.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S7.book Page 3 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 1:52 PM
Chapter 1: Setup overview
7-1-3
The User Setup routines enable you to:
• Set up the display responses.
• Define Favorite pages and set the operating mode for the Favorite
chapter.
• Select instrument profile and set Custom profiles as required.
• Set various display options.
• Calibrate the transducers (from any Graphic Display).
• Set up autopilot parameters (from any Graphic Display), if the ST290
system is connected to an autopilot system. Refer to Section 8, Autopilots, for details.
• Set the data units you require.
• Define basic backlighting control parameters.
Display responses
On each type of digital instrument, you can set the display response and
update rate. The response of an instrument defines its sensitivity to data
changes. The display update rate determines how often an instrument
display refreshes the displayed data. See Terminology on page 7-1-2.
Data responses
You can set the responses for the following data:
• Speed
• Depth
• Heading
• Wind angle
• Wind speed
• Cross track error (XTE)
Display update rate
Available update rates are from once per second to ten times per second.
Favorite pages
The method of setting up the Favorite pages is described in Section 7,
Chapter 2 for the Graphic Display and Chapter 3 for the Data Display.
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7-1-4
Section 7: System Setup
Choosing the best instrument profile
As part of User Setup, you can choose which operating profile to use. An
operating profile is a set of chapters and pages selected to best suit a
specific purpose. Each digital instrument has three preset profiles,
namely FULL, SAIL and POWER.
As its name implies, the FULL profile offers the full functionality of the
instrument. The SAIL and POWER profiles provide groups of chapters and
pages best suited to these types of boats.
Details of the chapter and page structures for the preset profiles are given
in Section 2 of this handbook.
In addition to the preset profiles, each digital instrument type has at least
one custom profile which you can edit, to best suit your methods of
operation. For example, you could create dedicated custom profiles for
racing and cruising.
Display options
The display options setup feature enables you to:
• Choose whether you display magnetic or true readings.
• Set the chapter and page selection method.
• Choose which page is displayed when a chapter is first selected.
• Set the button beep on or off.
• Set up the race timers.
• Data resolution for speed, depth, wind and distance.
• Set the local time offset.
• Set the remote control configuration.
Calibrating transducers
WARNING:
It is imperative that transducer calibration is completed before the
system is first used after installation, to ensure safe navigation.
Transducer calibration can be carried out from any Graphic Display, to:
• Calibrate and align the compass, and set the variation.
• Calibrate and align the wind vane.
• Calibrate the speed.
• Set the depth transducer offset.
• Set the water temperature offset.
• Calibrate the displayed battery voltage value.
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Chapter 1: Setup overview
7-1-5
Setting up autopilot
WARNING:
The autopilot commissioning procedures in Section 8, Chapter 4
must be carried out, if your ST290 system has one or more Pilot
Keypads, before the autopilot is first used after installation.
Any Graphic Display can be used to set up and calibrate a Raymarine
autopilot connected to ST290. Three autopilot calibration chapters are
provided:
• PILOT BASIC CAL.
• PILOT SEATRIAL CAL.
• PILOT ADVANCED CAL.
Details of how to setup and calibrate an autopilot are given in Section 8 of
this handbook under:
• Commissioning the autopilot (Section 8, Chapter 4).
• Autopilot calibration (Section 8, Chapter 5).
If the commissioning procedures in Section 8, Chapter 4 are carried out
satisfactorily, you may not need to use the autopilot calibration
information in Section 8, Chapter 5. This is given primarily as reference
material to provide an overall picture of the autopilot setup features and
to give details of the autopilot factory default settings.
Data units
The data units setup function enables you to set:
• Speed units to either knots, kilometers per hour or miles per hour.
• Distance units to either nautical miles, kilometers or statute miles
• Depth units to either feet, fathoms or meters.
• Wind speed units to either knots or meters per second.
• Temperature to either degrees Celsius or degrees Fahrenheit.
Backlighting setup
The User Setup LAMPS page enables you to set the brightness of each
lighting level for each digital instruments, in terms of percentage of total
brightness. This enables you to set the most appropriate light levels for
each instrument
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7-1-6
Section 7: System Setup
1.3 Analog instruments
The setup requirements for analog instruments are described in
Section 7, Chapter 4. You can:
• Apply factory defaults.
• Set the compass instrument to operate in locked mode or live mode.
• Select either true or magnetic bearing information.
• Set the pointer response,
• Set the digital display data response.
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7-2-1
Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
2.1 Starting setup
The Graphic Display setup procedures enable you to:
• Local parameters such as responses times, update rate, instrument
profile, display options, data units and default backlighting levels, at
each Graphic Display.
• Set the number of pages and the rollover operation of the Favorite
chapter, at each Graphic Display.
• Calibrate the ST290 system Speed, Depth and Wind transducers
(from any one Graphic Display).
• Set up autopilot parameters (see Section 8 of this handbook), from
any one Graphic Display, when an ST290 Pilot Keypad is being used
to control an autopilot.
Enter User Setup as follows:
1. In normal operating mode, press the
button to enter Chapter
Select mode, then cycle to the USER SETUP chapter heading.
2. Press the button to display the SETUP ACCESS screen.
D5949-1
Figure 2-1: ENTER SETUP page
3. Hold down the button for 2 seconds to display the USER SETUP
ENTRY screen (see Figure 2-2 ).
4. Within 5 seconds, press the
button to complete the entry into User
Setup mode. The DISPLAY RESPONSE chapter is displayed.
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7-2-2
Section 7: System Setup
D5950-1
Figure 2-2: Confirm user setup screen
Using the diagram at Figure 2-3 as a guide, set up each Graphic Display.
To move to the different parts of User Setup, use the:
•
button to move from chapter to chapter. Press to move in one
direction, or hold down to move in the opposite direction.
•
button to move from page to page within each chapter. Press to
move in one direction, or hold down to move in the opposite direction.
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-3
SETUP ACCESS
USER SETUP ENTRY
2 sec
Normal
operation
User Setup
LAMPS
2 sec
EXIT SETUP
Allocate instrument to group
Set level 1 (%)
Set level 2 (%)
Set level 3 (%)
Set lamps
DISPLAY RESPONSE
To select the chapter you want
momentary
press
1 sec
hold down
Speed
Depth
Heading
Wind angle
Wind speed
XTE
Display update rate
To change setup values
DATA UNITS
Set speed units
Set distance units
Set depth units
Set wind speed units
Set temperature units
Set volume units
Set flow-rate units
Pilot setup
chapters
PILOT SEATRIAL CAL See Section 8,
Chapters 4 &
5 for details
PILOT BASIC CAL
(available only
when PILOT
CAL is set ON)
PILOT ADVANCED CAL
TRANSDUCER CAL.
Transducer calibration only
needs to be carried out from
one instrument.
Refer to the chapter text for
structure and procedures.
DISPLAY OPTIONS
Select Magnetic or True
Select chapter/page
selection method
Select page to be viewed
when chapter first selected
Set button beep on/off
Set pilot popup on/off
Set pilot calibration on/off
FAVORITES
Set number of Favorite
pages (1 to 5)
Set rollover
Set distance trip counters 1,
2, 3, 4 & 5 on or off
Set race timer guns 1, 2, & 3
Set speed data resolution
Set distance data resolution
Set depth data resolution
Set wind speed data
resolution
Set date format
Set month format
Set time format
Set time offset (from UTC)
Set position logging interval
Set remote group
Set sequence number
Set linked keypad(s)
PROFILE
Select either FULL, SAIL,
POWER, CUSTOM 1 or
CUSTOM 2
If CUSTOM 1 or 2 is selected,
refer to the procedures in
text to set up your system
profile.
Note: Although you can use
only one profile at a time,
you can set up both custom
profiles at this point.
D5726-1
Figure 2-3: Graphic Display User Setup chapters and pages
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7-2-4
Section 7: System Setup
2.2 Setting display response and update
The DISPLAY RESPONSE setup chapter enables you to set the display
responses and update rate. To do this:
1. Select the DISPLAY RESPONSE setup chapter
2. Use the
button to move to the required page.
3. Carry out theSetting response values and Setting update rate procedures (below).
Setting response values
To set the display responses (see Figure 2-4 ):
1. Select the page showing the data list for response setting.
D5945-1
Figure 2-4: Display response
2. Use the or button to highlight the parameter you want to set.
3. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter Edit mode. The highlighted value flashes to indicate you can adjust it.
4. Use the or button to set the response you want. Available values
are from 1 to 15, (1 sets the slowest response and 15 the fastest).
5. Hold down the button for 1 second to save the value you have set.
6. Repeat steps 1 to 5 for all parameters you want to set.
Setting update rate
To set the display update rate (see Figure 2-5 ):
1. Select the DISPLAY UPDATE page. As the update rate is the only editable value, it flashes to indicate it is in Edit mode.
2. Use the or button to set the update rate you want. Available
update rates are from once a second (EVERY 10 X 100MSEC) to ten
times per second (EVERY 1 X 100MSEC). The update rate of the large
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-5
figure at the bottom of the screen changes, to demonstrate the rate you
have set.
D5948-1
Figure 2-5: Display update rate
2.3 Setting up Favorite pages
The FAVORITES setup chapter enables you to define the number of
Favorite pages available for viewing, and either set an automatic rollover
for the Favorite pages, or switch the rollover off. To do this:
1. Select the FAVORITES setup chapter
2. Use the
button to move to the required page.
3. Carry out the Set number of Favorite pages and Define Favorite rollover procedures (below).
Set number of Favorite pages
To set the required number of Favorite pages:
1. Select the page which enables you to define the number of Favorite
pages (see Figure 2-6 ).
D5937-1
Figure 2-6: Number of Favorite Pages
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7-2-6
Section 7: System Setup
Note: As the number of Favorite pages is the only editable value, this is
flashing to indicate it is in Edit mode.
2. Use the or
(from 1 to 5).
button to set the number of Favorite pages you want
Define Favorite rollover
To define the Favorite page rollover:
1. Select the ROLLOVER PERIOD page (see Figure 2-7 ).
D6045-1
Figure 2-7: Set rollover
2. Use the or button to set the rollover period for each Favorite
page. The update rate of the large figure in the middle of the screen
changes, to demonstrate the rate you have set.
3. If you do not want the Favorite pages to rollover, use the button to
set the value to OFF.
2.4 Setting an instrument profile
You can optimize the operation of each Graphic Display by choosing a
profile which best suits you. The choices are:
• SAIL
• POWER
• FULL
• CUSTOM 1
• CUSTOM 2
The structures of SAIL, POWER and FULL profiles are preset, and you
cannot customize any of these. Refer to Section 2, Chapter 2 for details
of the structure of these preset profiles.
The CUSTOM 1 and CUSTOM 2 profiles are fully editable.
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-7
Choosing a profile
To select the required operating profile:
In User Setup, use the
button to cycle to the PROFILE setup chapter.
The PROFILE select page is displayed (see Figure 2-8 ).
D5941-1
Figure 2-8: Profile select page
4. Use the or button to highlight the required operating profile. If
you select either of the CUSTOM profiles, you can choose to edit it at
this point (see Editing Custom profiles, below).
5. To confirm the highlighted profile as the operating profile, press the
button. A is displayed next to the highlighted profile and this
profile is applied to the instrument.
Introduction to Custom profiles
You can use CUSTOM profiles to set up a Graphic Display to show the
particular data and groups of data most convenient to you. You can:
• Create custom chapters.
• Delete chapters.
• Rename any chapter, for example, to summarize its purpose
(DOCKING, CRUISING etc).
• Add any page to any chapter (except the User Setup chapter).
• Delete pages from chapters.
The default content of a CUSTOM profile is only the User Setup chapter.
Therefore, when you first select a CUSTOM profile, you must use the
Editing Custom profiles procedure to add chapters and pages you want in
the profile.
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7-2-8
Section 7: System Setup
Editing Custom profiles
On Graphic Displays, custom profiles are edited in two stages:
• Chapter edit. Enables you to add chapters to, and delete them from,
a custom profile. You can also give each chapter an appropriate name.
• Page edit. Enables you to add pages to and remove pages from each
chapter in a custom profile.
When editing custom profiles, use the
button to switch from chapter
edit to page edit, and the
button to switch from page edit to chapter
edit.
Starting profile edit
To edit a custom profile:
1. With the PROFILE select page displayed, use the or button to
highlight either CUSTOM 1 or CUSTOM 2, as required.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second, to enter custom edit mode.
When you enter custom edit mode, the chapter edit screen is displayed. If
this is the first time you are editing a profile, the only chapter in the profile
is the User Setup chapter, as in Figure 2-9 .
Use these to select
chapter edit option
Chapter edit menu
D5838-1
Figure 2-9: Chapter edit screen
Chapter edit
The chapter edit screen enables you to:
• Create a new chapter. (see Creating a new chapter).
• Edit the name of any chapter (see Changing chapter name).
• Delete any chapter (see Deleting a chapter), except the User Setup
chapter.
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-9
Creating a new chapter
To create a new chapter:
1. With the chapter edit screen displayed, use the
button to highlight
the name of the chapter immediately above the point at which you
want to insert a new chapter.
2. Use the or button to highlight NEW CHAP on the edit menu.
3. Hold down the button for 1 second. A new chapter is inserted
below the highlighted chapter.
D5839-1
Figure 2-10: Creating new chapter
Changing chapter name
To change the name of a chapter:
1. Use the
button to highlight the chapter name you want to edit.
2. Use the or button to highlight EDIT on the chapter edit menu.
3. Hold down the button for 1 second. The first character of the chapter name flashes (see Figure 2-11 ) to indicate you can edit it.
Use these to select
chapter edit option
Editable field
Figure 2-11: Edit chapter name
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
Chapter edit menu
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7-2-10
Section 7: System Setup
4. Use the or button to cycle through the available alphanumeric
characters until the character you want is present at the flashing cursor.
5. Press the button to accept this character and move the flashing cursor to the next character position.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 until the chapter has the required name.
7. Hold down the button for 1 second, to save the chapter name and
leave the chapter name edit mode.
Deleting a chapter
If you delete a chapter, the chapter title and all pages in the chapter are
removed from the custom profile you are editing. However, they are still
available on the system and can be reinstated if required, by carrying out
the Creating a new chapter and Adding a new page procedures.
To delete a chapter:
1. Use the
button to highlight the chapter you want to delete.
2. Use the or button to highlight DELETE on the edit menu.
3. Hold down the button for 1 second. The selected chapter is then
deleted from the Custom profile.
Page edit
Adding a new page
To add pages:
1. With the chapter edit screen displayed, use the
button to highlight
the name of the chapter to which you want to add a page.
2. Press the
button to display the page edit screen.
Note: As chapters must contain at least one page, a SPEED page is automatically added to each new chapter. You can change this as necessary.
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-11
Selected chapter
Page edit
menu
Page name
D6064-1
Figure 2-12: Page edit
3. Highlight the name of the page immediately above the point at which
you want to insert a new page.
4. Use the or button to highlight NEW PAGE on the page edit menu.
5. Hold down the button for 1 second. A new (SPEED) page is
inserted below the highlighted chapter. You can either:
• Accept this page as it is
or
• Use the Selecting page information procedure, to show different
data.
Selecting page information
To set the required data on a custom page:
1. With the page edit screen displayed, use the button to highlight the
page you want to change.
2. Use the or button to highlight EDIT on the edit menu.
3. Hold down the button for 1 second so the highlighted page name
flashes to indicate you can change it.
4. Use the or button to step through the available pages, until the
name of the page you want is displayed in the flashing field. All the
pages in the Graphic Display Full profile are available.
5. Hold down the button for 1 second to save this configuration.
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7-2-12
Section 7: System Setup
Deleting a page
To delete a page:
1. Use the
button to highlight the page you want to delete.
2. Use the or button to highlight DELETE on the edit menu.
3. Hold down the button for 1 second. The selected page is then
deleted from this chapter.
Leaving profile edit
To leave the profile edit mode:
1. Use the or button to highlight EXIT on the edit menu (on the
chapter edit screen or the page edit screen).
2. Hold down the button for 1 second, to return to the PROFILE select
page.
2.5 Display options
The DISPLAY OPTIONS setup chapter structure is shown in Figure 2-13 .
Use the
button to move to the required pages.
From PROFILE SELECT
setup chapter
GENERAL OPTIONS
REMOTE
TRIP COUNTERS
Momentary
POSITION LOG. INTERVAL
RACE TIMERS
Hold down
DATE/TIME
DATA RESOLUTION
To
TRANSDUCER CAL.
chapter
D6065-1
Figure 2-13: DISPLAY OPTIONS setup chapter
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-13
The DISPLAY OPTIONS setup chapter enables you to set:
• General options.
• Trip counters.
• Race timers.
• Data resolution.
• Date & time.
• Position logging interval.
• Remote control configuration.
General options
You can set the following general options (see Figure 2-14 ):
• HEADING information to be displayed as either MAG(netic) or TRUE.
• CHAP TITLES. Determines the method of chapter and page selection,
during Normal operation. The options are MENU/POPUP. These are
described in Section 2, Chapter 2.
• PAGE VIEWED. Determines which page is displayed when you go to a
new chapter during Normal operation. The options are:
• FIRST - to display the first page in the chapter.
• PREV. - to display the page that was displayed when the relevant
chapter was last used.
• KEY BEEP. Either (on) or (off).
• PILOT POPUP. Either (on) or (off).
• PILOT CAL. Either (on) or (off). When set to on, the Pilot Basic,
Seatrial and Advanced Calibration are accessible. When PILOT CAL. is
set to off, these Pilot calibration functions are bypassed.
D5939-1
Figure 2-14: Display general options setup
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7-2-14
Section 7: System Setup
To set up each option:
1. With the general options page displayed (Figure 2-14 ), use the or
button to highlight the option you want to set.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode. The
selected option then flashes.
3. Use the or button to set the selected option to the value you want.
4. Hold down the button for 1 second to save the value.
Setting trip counters
D5946-1
Figure 2-15: Trip counters setup
To set up the trip counters:
1. With the trip counters page displayed (Figure 2-15 ), use the or
button to highlight the required counter.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode.
3. Use the or button to set the counter either (on) or (off) as
required.
4. Hold down the button for 1 second to save your setting.
5. Repeat steps 1 to 4 for each counter.
Setting race timers
You can set each race gun timer to any whole-minute value between 1 and
15 minutes.
To set the race timer:
1. With the race timers page displayed s (Figure 2-16 ), use the or
button to highlight the required timer (GUN 1, GUN 2 or GUN 3).
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-15
D5943-1
Figure 2-16: Race timers setup
2. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode. The
selected option then flashes.
3. Use the or button to set the selected gun to the time you want.
4. Hold down the button for 1 second to save the value.
Setting data resolution
You can set the number of decimal places in displayed data. The degree of
resolution is dependent on data type and value.
D5944-1
Figure 2-17: Data resolution setup
To set the resolution of each parameter:
1. With the resolution page displayed (Figure 2-17 ), use the or
button to highlight the option you want to set.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode. The
selected option then flashes.
3. Use the or button to set the selected option to the resolution you
want.
4. Hold down the button for 1 second to save the value.
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Section 7: System Setup
Setting date and time
The date/time setup page enables you to define date and time formats,
and set the local time.
D5936-1
Figure 2-18: Date/time setup
Setting the format
To set the date and time format, select the date and time page
(Figure 2-18 ) then set DATE FORMAT, MONTH FORMAT and TIME FORMAT
in turn, using the following procedure for each one:
1. Use the or button to highlight the function to be edited.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode. The editable field then flashes.
3. Use the or button to set the required format. The options are:
• For DATE FORMAT, either DD/MM/YY or MM/DD/YY.
• For MONTH FORMAT, either NAME or NUMBER.
• For TIME FORMAT, either 12HR or 24HR.
4. Hold down the select button for 1 second to save the value.
Setting local time
Date and time information are derived from the GPS, and displayed at the
bottom of the date/time setup screen. A TIME OFFSET function enables you
to accurately set the local time. If the local time is not correct:
1. Use the or button to highlight the TIME OFFSET field.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode. The offset
value then flashes.
3. Use the or button to change the TIME OFFSET value, until the
local time is correct.
4. Hold down the button for 1 second to save the TIME OFFSET value.
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-17
Position logging interval
The position logging interval page (see Figure 2-19 ) enables you to
define how often the ST290 system logs the boat’s position.
D6088-1
Figure 2-19: Position logging interval setup
With the POSITION LOGGING INTERVAL page displayed, use the or
button to highlight the interval you want. The options are 10MIN, 30MIN,
1HR, 6HR, 12HR and 24HR.
The selected value is set when you leave this page.
Setting remote control configuration
The remote control setup page (seeFigure 2-20 ) enables you to define the
remote group, the sequence within the remote group and the associated
Remote Keypad(s), for an instrument.
Note: The manner in which instruments are remotely controlled is described in Section 4, Chapter 2.
D6062-1
Figure 2-20: Remote control setup
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Section 7: System Setup
Use the following procedure for each instrument you want to be able to
remotely control:
1. With the remote setup page displayed (Figure 2-20 ), use the or
button to highlight the REMOTE GROUP field. This enables you to allocate the instrument as part of a remotely controlled group
2. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode. The field
value flashes.
3. Use the or button to select the remote control group for this
instrument. This can be in any one of eight groups, identified by letter,
from A to H.
4. Hold down the button for 1 second to leave the edit mode.
5. Use the or button to highlight the SEQUENCE NO. field.
6. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode. The field
value then flashes.
7. Use the or button to set a number, to define the sequence in
which the instrument is selected within its remote group.
8. Hold down the button for 1 second to leave the edit mode.
9. Use the or button to highlight the LINK KEYPAD(S) field. This
enables you to define which Remote Keypad(s) you want to use to
control the instrument. If a Remote Keypad is not already allocated,
is displayed.
10. At each Remote Keypad you want to use to control this instrument,
press any button on, to link the instrument and keypad. Once a link is
created, a is displayed against the LINK KEYPAD(S) field.
2.6 Transducer calibration procedures
Requirement
Transducer calibration ensures that the data provided by the transducers
gives correct readings at the instruments.
Transducer calibration is applied globally to the ST290 system, and so
only needs to be done once from one Graphic Display.
An overview of the transducer calibration functions is given in Figure
2-21 .
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-19
From DISPLAY OPTIONS
setup chapter
COMPASS CALIBRATION
WIND VANE CALIBRATION
SWING COMPASS
SWING VANE
ALIGN HEADING
ALIGN VANE
VARIATION
SPEED CALIBRATION
Momentary
Hold down
GENERAL OFFSETS
DEPTH OFFSET
To PILOT setup chapters
D5966-1
Figure 2-21: Transducer calibration overview (Graphic Display)
Starting calibration
The calibration procedures are accessed via pages in the Transducer
Calibration chapter, and are described here in the order in which they are
selected. To carry out transducer calibration:
1. In User Setup, select the TRANSDUCER CALIBRATION chapter.
2. Press the
button to move to the calibration procedure you want to
carry out (see Figure 2-21 ).
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7-2-20
Section 7: System Setup
Compass calibration
The object of the compass calibration is to correct for magnetic deviation
and to set the correct compass alignment.
The compass calibration procedure is summarized in Figure 2-22 .
To Wind Vane calibration
D5976-1
Figure 2-22: Compass calibration (Graphic Display)
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-21
Compass calibration requirement
If you have a Raymarine autopilot, the autopilot will supply heading
information, and you should calibrate the compass in accordance with the
appropriate autopilot procedures in Section 8, Chapter 4.
If your ST290 system has its own, dedicated Smart Heading Sensor and is
not receiving heading information from any other source, use the
following procedures to calibrate the compass.
Swinging the compass to correct for magnetic deviation
To correct for magnetic deviation, ensure the SWING COMPASS page (see
Figure 2-22 ) is displayed, then:
1. Press the button to display the TURN BOAT page (see Figure 2-22 ).
2. Start turning your boat in circles. Do not turn too quickly. A 360° turn
should take at least 3 minutes. If the boat is turning too quickly, the
message TURN RATE TOO HIGH is displayed. If this occurs, immediately reduce the rate of turn.
3. When the procedure is complete, the SWING COMPLETE screen is displayed, and the amount of deviation is shown.
4. Press the button to proceed to the ALIGN HEADING page.
Note: If the deviation figure exceeds 15° or the display shows no deviation value, the compass is being affected by ferrous objects on your boat.
You should move the compass to a better location. Higher deviation figures are acceptable on steel boats.
Setting compass alignment
After completing the deviation correction procedure (swinging the
compass), check the compass alignment:
To carry out compass alignment:
1. Select the ALIGN HEADING page (see Figure 2-22 ).
2. Either:
• Steer your boat on a steady course at a speed that enables you to
hold that course, and use the or button to manually set the
correct heading value.
or
• If you have GPS, steer your boat at a speed above 4 knots then
hold down the button for 1 second, to set the COG as the head-
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7-2-22
Section 7: System Setup
ing value.If you are using this method, you should do so in conditions of zero tide and current, to ensure that COG is accurate.
3. Check the heading reading against a number of known headings, and
calculate the lowest average alignment error.
4. Adjust the reading on the ALIGN HEADING screen to remove the average error value, calculated in step 3.
Note: If the average heading error is more than 5°, you should perform
the compass deviation correction procedure again, circling more slowly
and in more favorable conditions.
Setting system variation
On a SeaTALK2 system, only one product can define the magnetic
variation. This product is designated as the ‘variation master’. All other
products are ‘slaves’ and use the variation value set by the master.
If no other product on the SeaTALK2 system is allocated as a master, you
should designate one ST290 Graphic Display as the master and carry out
all setting up from this instrument. All other instruments on the system
should be set as slaves.
Slave
To set an instrument as a slave:
1. Select the SYSTEM VARIATION page (see Figure 2-22 ).
2. If the MASTER/SLAVE indicator is not SLAVE:
i. Use the or button to highlight the MASTER/SLAVE field.
ii. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode. The
MASTER/SLAVE indicator flashes.
iii. Use the or button to set the MASTER/SLAVE indicator to
SLAVE.
iv. Hold down the button for 1 second to save the setting.
Master
To set the system variation at a master instrument:
1. Select the SYSTEM VARIATION page (see Figure 2-22 ).
2. If the MASTER/SLAVE indicator is not MASTER:
i. Use the or button to highlight the MASTER/SLAVE field.
ii. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode. The
MASTER/SLAVE indicator flashes.
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-23
iii. Use the or button to set the MASTER/SLAVE indicator to
MASTER.
iv. Hold down the button for 1 second to save the setting.
3. Refer to a chart for the area in which you are operating, and ascertain
the magnetic variation.
4. Use the or button to highlight the VALUE field, then:
i. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode. The
value then flashes.
ii. Use the or button to set the correct magnetic variation value.
iii. Hold down the button for 1 second to save the value.
Wind vane
The object of wind vane calibration is to match the characteristics of the
wind vane to the rest of the system and to align the wind vane to the
vessel.
The wind vane calibration procedure is summarized in Figure 2-23 .
Linearizing
You need at least 6 knots of wind when linearizing the wind vane, to keep
the wind vane in the direction of the wind when turning your vessel.
To linearize the wind vane:
1. Ensure the SWING VANE page is displayed.
2. Press the button so the TURN BOAT page is displayed (see Figure
2-23 ).
3. Start turning your boat. If the boat is turning too quickly, the message
TURN RATE TOO HIGH is displayed. If this occurs, immediately reduce
the rate of turn.
4. When the procedure is complete, the SWING COMPLETE screen is displayed.
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7-2-24
Section 7: System Setup
From Compass calibration
To Speed calibration
D5977-1
Figure 2-23: Wind vane calibration (Graphic Display)
Aligning
To align the wind vane:
1. Select the ALIGN VANE page (see Figure 2-23 ).
2. Either:
• Use the or button to manually set the correct wind vane
direction
or
• Motor directly into the wind, then hold down the button for
1 second to set the vessel’s heading as the alignment value.
Note: On a calm day, motor fast enough to ‘create your own wind’.
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-25
Calibrating the Speed transducer
Speed calibration principles
The object of speed calibration is to ensure that the speed readings at the
ST290 instruments are true indications of the boat speed, ideally over the
operating speed range of the vessel, i.e. from stationary to top speed.
In order to take into account the changes in water-flow characteristics
across the hull, for the different speeds, it is advisable carry out speed
calibration at as many speeds as possible, up to the maximum of five,
provided by the calibration screen (see Figure 2-24 ). This is
particularly important for planing vessels.
From Wind Vane calibration
Calibration speeds
Calibration factor
values
To Depth Offset screen
D5978-1
Figure 2-24: Speed transducer calibration (Graphic Display)
The correct calibration at each speed is achieved by applying a
calibration factor to the indicated speed reading. The correct value for the
calibration factor is obtained by one of two methods:
• If SOG information is available, you can apply this to the system so
that the calibration factor is automatically adjusted to give a speed
reading that equals the SOG value.
• If SOG information is not available, you need to manually calculate
and apply the correct calibration factor.
Procedures
In order to achieve accurate results, speed calibration must be carried out
in conditions of zero tide and zero current.
Carry out the Start calibration procedure followed by the Set to SOG or
Manual calibration procedure, as required.
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7-2-26
Section 7: System Setup
Start calibration
To calibrate the Speed transducer:
1. Use the or button to highlight the CAL.POINTS value field (as in
Figure 2-24 ). This value defines the number of different speeds you
want to use for speed calibration.
2. Press the button for 1 second to enter edit mode. The CAL.POINTS
value field flashes, to indicate you can change the value.
3. Use the or button to set the required number of different speeds
for speed calibration.
4. Hold down the button for 1 second to save the setting.
5. Use the or button to highlight the calibration factor value field
for the first calibration speed.
6. Apply the correct calibration factor by using either the Set to SOG or
Manual calibration procedure, as required.
Set to SOG
To use SOG to determine the correct calibration factor (and therefore
speed):
1. Carry out the Start calibration procedure (above).
2. In conditions of zero tide and zero current, run your vessel at approximately the calibration speed, using the SOG reading as a guide.
3. Press the button, to apply the value of SOG as the indicated SPEED.
The highlighted calibration factor value changes as appropriate.
4. Use the or button to highlight the calibration factor value field
for the next calibration speed.
5. Repeat Set to SOG steps 2 to 4, until all calibration factor values are
correct.
Manual calibration
To manually apply the correct calibration factor:
1. Carry out the Start calibration procedure (above).
2. In conditions of zero tide and zero current, run your vessel at a steady
speed approximately that of the highlighted calibration speed, over a
measured distance.When you do this, make a note of:
• The speed indicated by the instrument.
• The time it takes to cover the measured distance.
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-27
3. Calculate the actual speed over the measured distance.
• If this is the same as the indicated speed, calibration is correct at
this speed, so proceed from Manual calibration step 5.
• If the true speed is not the same as the indicated speed:
i. Calculate a new, corrected calibration factor, as follows
new calibration factor =
measured speed
true speed x old calibration factor
ii. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode. The
highlighted calibration factor value field flashes
iii. Use the or button to change the highlighted calibration
factor value, to the new value, then hold down the button
for 1 second.
4. Repeat Manual calibration steps 2 and 3, until the indicated SPEED is
the same as the actual speed.
5. Use the or button to highlight the calibration factor value field
for the next calibration speed.
6. Repeat Manual calibration steps 2 to 5, until all calibration factor values are correct.
Depth transducer offset
WARNING:
The use of incorrect depth offset values could result in misleading
depth information being displayed with a consequent risk of running
aground.
Depths are measured from the Depth transducer to the seabed. However,
you can apply an offset to the actual distance measured so that the
displayed depth reading represents either the depth from the waterline or
from the bottom of the keel (see Figure 2-25 ).
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7-2-28
Section 7: System Setup
Depth reading when
correct WATERLINE
offset applied
Depth reading
when zero
offset applied
Depth reading when
correct KEEL
offset applied
D5747-1
Figure 2-25: Setting depth offsets
To set the required offset, ascertain the vertical distance between the
transducer location and the required offset point (waterline or bottom of
the keel), then:
1. In the Transducer Calibration chapter, use the
button to move to
the DEPTH OFFSET adjust page (see Figure 2-26 ). The screen displayed depends on what type of depth offset is currently set, either
WATERLINE, TRANSDUCER (zero offset) or KEEL.
2. Use the or button to set the required offset value, using the following guidelines:
• The button moves the offset value away from KEEL, through
zero, to WATERLINE values.
• The button moves the offset value away from WATERLINE,
through zero, to KEEL values.
• The annotation and the arrows on the screen show how the offset
is applied.
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-29
From Speed calibration
OFFSET
FROM
WATERLINE
OFFSET
FROM
KEEL
ZERO
OFFSET
To General Offsets page
D5979-1
Figure 2-26: DEPTH OFFSET screens
General offsets
The GENERAL OFFSETS page enables you calibrate your system so that the
water temperature and system voltage values shown on the ST290 pages
are true indications.
From Depth Offset
To COMPASS
calibration
Exit transducer calibration chapter, to pilot setup chapters
Figure 2-27: GENERAL OFFSETS page
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7-2-30
Section 7: System Setup
Set water temperature
Display the GENERAL OFFSETS page.
Use the or button to select the WATER TEMP value field.
Measure the water temperature.
If the displayed temperature value is different from the measured
water temperature, hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit
mode. The WATER TEMP value flashes.
5. Use the or button to set WATER TEMP to the measured value.
6. Hold down the button for 1 second to save the value.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Set system voltage reading
You can set the displayed voltage reading on the ST290 system to be the
same as that at any point on the boat’s 12 V system you want to monitor,
by setting theST290 VOLTAGE reading so it is the same as the voltage at the
required point. To do this:
1. Display the GENERAL OFFSETS page.
2. Use the or button to select the VOLTAGE value field.
WARNING:
High voltages can cause death or serious injury. Always take
appropriate precautions when working with electricity. Before
accessing the electrical system, ensure you know the location of the
high voltage points and stay well clear of them.
3. Measure the voltage at the point in the boat’s 12 V electrical system
that you want to monitor.
4. If the displayed voltage value is different from the measured voltage,
hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode. The VOLTAGE value flashes.
5. Use the or button to set VOLTAGE to the measured value.
6. Hold down the button for 1 second to save the value.
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-31
2.7 Pilot setup
WARNING:
It is imperative that autopilot setup is completed before the autopilot
is used, to ensure safe navigation.
If you are intending to use an ST290 Pilot Keypad to control an autopilot,
you must carry out the autopilot setup procedures. Three autopilot setup
chapters are provided as part of User Setup:
• BASIC
• SEATRIAL
• ADVANCED
For details on the autopilot setup requirement and procedures, refer to
Section 8, Autopilots.
2.8 Data Units
The DATA UNITS page enables you to set the units in which data is
displayed. You can set:
• SPEED units to either KNOTS, KM/H or MPH.
• DISTANCE units to either NM, KM or SM.
• DEPTH units to either FEET, FATHOMS or METERS.
• WIND SPEED units to either KTS or M/S.
• TEMPERATURE units to either ° c or ° F.
• FLOW RATE units to either G/H or L/H.
The DATA UNITS are global settings (the units you set are applied to the
whole ST290 system), so only need to be made at one instrument.
D5947-1
Figure 2-28: Setting data units
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7-2-32
Section 7: System Setup
To set up the display units:
1. Select the DATA UNITS page.
2. Use the or button to highlight the unit you want to set.
3. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode. The
selected option then flashes.
4. Use the or button to set the required units for selected option.
5. Hold down the button for 1 second to save the value.
2.9 Backlighting setup
The User Setup LAMPS page enables you to:
• Set the brightness of each backlighting level for each Graphic Display, in terms of percentage of total brightness.
• Check the operation of the system backlighting level.
D6051-1
Figure 2-29: LAMPS setup screens
Setting levels
At each instrument set LAMPS parameters as follows:
1. Use the or button to select LEVEL 1.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second to enter edit mode.
3. Use the or button to adjust the level to the required percentage
lighting value.
4. Hold down the button for 1 second to save the value you have set.
5. Repeat steps 1 to 4, for LEVEL 2 and LEVEL 3.
6. If required, use the Checking operation procedure (below) to check
the system lighting levels
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Graphic Displays
7-2-33
Checking operation
The SET LAMPS field enables you to cycle through the backlighting levels
to check that they levels are as required at each instrument in the system,
To do this:
1. With the User Setup LAMPS page displayed, use the or button to
select SET LAMPS.
2. Hold down the button for 1 second to enable the lighting check.
3. Use the or button to select each lighting level in turn, and check
all instruments.
4. Hold down the button for 1 second to end the lighting check.
If the levels at any instrument are unsatisfactory, carry out the Setting
levels procedure (above) at the relevant instrument(s), to correct the
levels.
2.10 Leaving setup
To leave User Setup:
1. Use the
button to move to the USER SETUP EXIT screen.
2. Hold down the button for 2 seconds. The instrument returns to
Chapter Select mode.
3. Either press the
operation.
button or wait for 5 seconds, to return to Normal
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7-3-1
Chapter 3: Setting up Data Displays
3.1 Starting setup
The Data Display User Setup procedures enable you to set:
• Local parameters such as responses times, update rate, instrument
profile, display options, data units and default backlighting levels, at
each Data Display.
• The Favorite chapter operation and content, at each Data Display.
To enter User Setup:
1. In Normal operating mode, use the
button to scroll to the User
Setup chapter heading. This is shown in the active display area (in
Figure 3-1 , this is the upper area).
USER SETUP
SPEED
KTS
D5962-1
Figure 3-1: User Setup chapter heading
2. Hold down the button for 2 seconds to display the User Setup
entry screen (see Figure 3-2 ).
USER
SETUP
D5963-1
Figure 3-2: User Setup entry screen
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7-3-2
Section 7: System Setup
3. Within 5 seconds, press the
button to complete the entry into User
Setup mode. The display shows the RESPONSE setup chapter.
In User Setup mode, the upper display area shows the setup chapter title,
and the lower display area shows the page selected for adjustment, along
with the current data value.
On setup pages, editable values flash on and off.
Setup chapter title
RESPONSE
Setup page name
WIND ANGLE
Editable value
flashes on & off
D5770-1
Figure 3-3: Typical User Setup display
Using the diagram in Figure 3-4 as a guide, set up each Data Display. Use
the:
•
button to move from chapter to chapter within User Setup. Press
to move in one direction, or hold down to move in the opposite direction.
•
button to move from page to page within each chapter. Press to
move in one direction, or hold down to move in the opposite direction.
•
or button to change editable data and to select the required
options (e.g. on or off), on the setup pages.
The values you set are saved, when you move to a new page or a new
chapter.
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Chapter 3: Setting up Data Displays
7-3-3
User (setup entry screen)
USER SETUP chapter
Normal
operation
2 sec
Press
within 5 sec
To select the chapter you want
User Setup mode
momentary
press
1 sec
hold down
To change setup values
2 sec
EXIT SETUP
RESPONSE
Speed
Depth
FAVORITES
Heading
Number of Favorite pages
Wind angle
Link top and bottom?
Wind speed
Set top page 1
XTE
Set bottom page 1
Display update
Set top page 2
Set bottom page 2
LAMPS
Set top page 3
Set adjustment method
Allocate instrument to group
OPTIONS
Set lighting level 1
Select Magnetic or True
Set lighting level 2
Set Chapter titles on or off
Set lighting level 3
Set page first displayed
when chapter selected,
(top or last-viewed)
Set bottom page 3
Set top page 4
Set bottom page 4
Set top page 5
Set bottom page 5
Set button beep on or off
Set race timer 1
Set race timer 2
Set race timer 3
UNITS
Set speed data resolution
Set speed units
Set distance units
Set depth units
Set wind speed units
Set temperature units
Set depth data resolution
Set wind speed resolution
Set distance data resolution
Set local time offset/format
Set remote group
Set volume units
Set remote sequence
Set flow rate units
Set linked keypads
PROFILE
Select either FULL, SAIL,
POWER or CUSTOM
If CUSTOM is selected:
use the
button to move
to each page in turn, and at
each page, use the or
button to turn the page
either on if you want to see
it during normal operation,
or off if you do not want to
see it.
D5725-1
Figure 3-4: Data Display User Setup chapters and pages
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7-3-4
Section 7: System Setup
3.2 Display responses setup
The RESPONSE setup chapter enables you to set the instrument display
responses and the display update rate.To set the required values:
1. In User Setup, select the RESPONSE chapter.
2. Use the button to select each page in turn and as each setup page is
displayed, use the or button to set the required values:
• Display response values. These are set at SPEED, DEPTH, HEADING,
WIND ANGLE , WIND SPEED and XTE response-setup pages. Values
are from 1 (slowest response) to 15 (fastest response).
• Display update rate. This is set at an UPDATE setup page. Values
are from once per second (set a value of 1.0) to ten times per second (set a value of 0.1).
RESPONSE
SETUP
HEADING
D5777-1
Figure 3-5: Typical RESPONSE setup display
3.3 Favorite chapter setup
Introduction
The FAVORITES setup chapter enables you to define which pages you want
as Favorite pages:
• The first Favorites setup page (headed PAGES) is used to set the number of operational Favorite pages, from 1 to 5.
• The second Favorites setup page (headed LINKED) is used to set relationship of the upper and lower display areas of the operational
Favorite pages. You can set either:
• YES. This sets the upper and lower display areas as linked pairs of
pages (e.g. speed/depth, BTW/DTW etc.) which change together
when a new Favorite page is selected,
or
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Chapter 3: Setting up Data Displays
7-3-5
NO. This sets the upper and lower display areas to operate separately, so the upper and lower display areas each has a group of
Favorite pages which can be selected independently.
The remaining Favorites setup pages enable you to define the data
you will see on the operational Favorite pages. You can define separately what is displayed in the upper and lower display areas. The
trend arrows indicate which display area you are setting up, i.e. the
increase arrow indicates you are setting the upper display area, and
the decrease arrow, the lower.
All the pages in the Data Display Full profile are available. In addition
to these, if ST290 is connected to a computer running Raymarine
RayTech, the RayTech pages are also available to be allocated as
Favorite pages.
•
•
Procedure
To set up your Favorite pages:
1. In User Setup, select the FAVORITES setup chapter. The PAGES setup
page is displayed (see Figure 3-6 ), with the number of Favorite pages
flashing, to indicate you can change it.
FAVORITES
SETUP
PAGES
D5771-1
Figure 3-6: Setting required number of Favorite pages
2. Use the or button to set the required number of Favorite pages,
from 1 to 5.
3. Press the
button to move to the LINKED setup page (see
Figure 3-7 ) and use the or button to select either nO to unlink, or
YES to link, the upper and lower screen areas when Favorite pages are
displayed.
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7-3-6
Section 7: System Setup
FAVORITES
FAVORITES
SETUP
LINKED
D5772-1
Figure 3-7: Linking/unlinking Favorite pages
4. Press the
button to move to the next Favorite setup page. The up
trend arrow is displayed to indicate you can now set which data will
be in the upper display area of the first operational Favorite page (see
Figure 3-8 ).
Page that will
be displayed in
upper display
area of selected
Favorite page.
Use
or
FAVORITES
SETUP
AV SPEED
KTS
Up trend arrow
shows you are
setting upper
display area of
selected
Favorite page.
to select the
page you want
D5773-2
Figure 3-8: Setting Favorite page for upper display area
5. Use the or button to scroll through the pages, until the page you
want is displayed in the flashing field.
6. Press the
button to move to the next Favorites setup page. The
down trend arrow is displayed to indicate you can now set which data
will be in the lower display area of the first operational Favorite page.
7. Use the or button to scroll through the pages until the page you
want is displayed in the flashing field.
8. Repeat the procedure in steps 4 to 7 for the upper and lower display
areas of the remaining Favorite pages.
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Chapter 3: Setting up Data Displays
7-3-7
3.4 Setting an instrument profile
You can optimize the operation of each Data Display by using the
PROFILE setup chapter to choose a profile which best suits you. The
choices are:
• SAIL
• POWER
• FULL
• CUSTOM
The structures of SAIL, POWER and FULL profiles are preset, and you
cannot customize any of these. Refer to Section 2, Chapter 3 for details
of the structure of these preset profiles.
The default content of the CUSTOM profile is only the User Setup chapter.
Therefore, when you first select the CUSTOM profile, you must use the
Editing the Custom profile procedure to the pages you want to the profile.
Choosing a profile
To select the required operating profile:
1. In User Setup, select the PROFILE chapter. The name of the current
profile is displayed in the lower display area. The name is flashing to
indicate you can change it.
2. Use the or button to select the required operating profile.
If you selected one of the preset profiles, the profile selection is complete.
Editing the Custom profile
If you select the CUSTOM profile, you can streamline the operation of a
Data Display, by selecting only the pages you want to see on a day-to-day
basis. All the pages in the Data Display Full profile are available.
To select pages for the CUSTOM profile:
1. With the PROFILE page displayed and CUSTOM selected, press the
button to display the first page of the rollover in the lower display
area.
2. Use the or button as necessary, to select either On, to make the
displayed page, available as part of the CUSTOM profile, or OFF, to
exclude it from the CUSTOM profile.
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7-3-8
Section 7: System Setup
PROFILE
SETUP
SPEED
KTS
D5775-1
Figure 3-9: Setting up CUSTOM profile
3. Press the
button to display the next page of the rollover in the
lower display area.
4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 until you have displayed all pages, and either
enabled or disabled each one.
This completes the setup for the CUSTOM profile. When the instrument
returns to Normal operation, only the pages you have enabled will be
available, until you either select a different profile or edit the CUSTOM
profile again.
3.5 Display options
The display OPTIONS setup chapter enables you to set up each instrument
to best suit you. To do this:
1. In User Setup, select the OPTIONS chapter.
OPTIONS
SETUP
HEADING
MAG
D6098-1
Figure 3-10:Typical OPTIONS setup screen
2. Press the
button to move to each page in turn, and as each page is
displayed, use the or button to select the required option. The
parameters you can set are:
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Chapter 3: Setting up Data Displays
7-3-9
•
HEADING (as in Figure 3-10 ). Select either MAG(netic) or TRUE.
CHAP TITLES. Select either on or OFF.
The page that is first displayed when you select a new chapter during Normal operation. You can set this as either TOP PAGE (the top
page in the chapter) or LAST VIEWED (the page that was last displayed when the chapter was last used).
KEY BEEP. Select either on or OFF.
Race timers, GUN 1, GUN 2 and GUN 3. Use the procedure under
Setting race gun timers below, to set each of these.
SPEED , DEPTH, WIND SPEED and DISTANCE units resolution. The
degree of resolution is dependent on data type and value (either
1.0, 0.1 or 0.01). Note that for some data values, the implementation of this feature may be limited by the constraints of the display.
TIME OFFSET. Set to give local time.
•
TIME FORMAT. Choose 12 or 24 hour clock.
•
•
•
MONTH TEXT. Choose YES or nO.
DATE FORMAT. Choose USA or EU.
REM GROUP. Enables you to allocate the instrument as part of a
remotely controlled group. Refer to Setting remote control configuration, below.
REM SEQUENCE. Enables you to define the sequence in which the
instrument is selected within its remote group Refer to Setting
remote control configuration, below.
REM LINK. Enables you to allocate a Remote Keypad to control the
remote group. Refer to Setting remote control configuration,
below
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Setting race gun timers
To set any of the race gun timers:
1. In the OPTIONS chapter, select the required GUN timer page.
2. Press the button for 1 second, to enter Edit mode. The seconds
value flashes.
3. Use the or button to set the required seconds value.
4. Press the button for 1 second, to edit the minutes. The minutes
value flashes.
5. Use the or button to either set the required minutes value.
6. Press the button for 1 second, to leave the edit mode and save the
new value.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S7.book Page 10 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 1:52 PM
7-3-10
Section 7: System Setup
Setting remote control configuration
The remote control setup pages enable you to define the remote group,
the sequence within the remote group and the associated Remote
Keypad(s), for an instrument.
To set the remote control configuration for any Data Display:
1. Ensure the REM GROUP page is displayed (see Figure 3-11 ). This
enables you to allocate the instrument as part of a remotely controlled
group.
2. Use the or button to allocate the instrument to the required
remote group. This can be any one of eight groups, identified by
letter, from A to H.
OPTIONS
SETUP
REM GROUP
D6085-1
Figure 3-11: Set remote group
3. Press the
3-12 ).
button to move to the REM SEQUENCE page (see Figure
OPTIONS
SETUP
REM SEQUENCE
D6086-1
Figure 3-12: Set remote sequence
4. Use the or button to set a number, to define the sequence in
which the instrument is selected within its remote group.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S7.book Page 11 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 1:52 PM
Chapter 3: Setting up Data Displays
7-3-11
5. Press the
button to move to the REM LINK page (see Figure 3-13 ).
This enables you to define which Remote Keypad(s) you want to use
to control the instrument. If a Remote Keypad is not already allocated, nO is displayed.
OPTIONS
SETUP
REM LINK
D6087-1
Figure 3-13: Link keypad
6. At each Remote Keypad you want to use to control this instrument,
press any button, to link the instrument and keypad. Once a link is created, YES is displayed on the REM LINK page.
3.6 Data Units
The data UNITS page enables you to set the units in which data is
displayed.These are global settings (the units you set are applied to the
whole ST290 system), so only need to be made at one digital instrument.
To set the data units:
1. In User Setup, select the UNITS chapter.
UNITS
SETUP
SPEED
KTS
D6099-1
Figure 3-14:Typical data UNITS page
2. Press the
button to move to each page in turn.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S7.book Page 12 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 1:52 PM
7-3-12
Section 7: System Setup
3. As each page is displayed, use the or button to select the
required units. You can set:
• SPEED units (as in Figure 3-14 ) to either knots, kilometers per
hour or miles per hour (KTS, K/H or MPH).
• DISTANCE units to nautical miles, kilometers or statute miles (NM,
KM or SM).
• DEPTH units to feet, fathoms or meters (FT, FA or M).
• WIND SPD (speed) units to knots or meters per second KTS or M/S.
• TEMP(erature) units to either ° c or ° F.
• VOLUME units to gallons or liters (GAL or LTR).
• FLOW rate units to gallons per hour or liters per hour G/H or L/H.
3.7 Backlighting setup
The User Setup LAMPS page enables you to set the brightness of each
lighting level for each Data Display, in terms of percentage of total
brightness.
Set the required backlighting parameters at each instrument, as follows:
1. In User Setup, select the LAMPS chapter.
2. Press the
button to move to the LOCAL LEVEL 1 page.
3. Use the or button to set LOCAL LEVEL 1. This is the backlighting
brightness of the first backlighting level, for this instrument.
4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 for the next two LAMPS setup pages, i.e. for
LOCAL LEVEL 2 and LOCAL LEVEL 3 (preset levels 2 and 3), respectively.
3.8 Leaving setup
To leave User Setup:
1. Use the
button to move to the USER SETUP EXIT screen.
2. Hold down the button for 2 seconds. The instrument displays the
USER SETUP entry screen.
3. Use the
tion.
button to move to the required chapter in Normal opera-
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S7.book Page 1 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 1:52 PM
7-4-1
Chapter 4: Setting up Analog Instruments
4.1 Introduction
This Section describes how to set up your analog Wind, Close Hauled
Wind and Compass instruments.
4.2 Analog instrument setup
Wind and Close Hauled Wind instruments
At each Wind and Close Hauled Wind instrument, use the procedure in
Figure 4-1 to:
• Set wind angle response.
• Set wind speed response.
• Set VMG response.
• Apply factory defaults (if required).
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S7.book Page 2 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 1:52 PM
7-4-2
Section 7: System Setup
Hold down
AND
for approximately 12 seconds
After hold down
of 2 seconds
After hold down
of 12 seconds
After hold down
of 4 seconds
Calibration
entry
screen
Software
version
Press
AND
simultaneously
Not used
Factory
defaults
Press
OR
to set required value
F1 = factory defaults
F0 = current settings
Boat
show
mode
to set required value
(A1 to A15)
Do NOT set to
on (bS1)
(not available on
Close Hauled
Wind instrument)
VMG
response
Press
OR
Wind
angle
response
Press
OR
Wind
speed
response
to set required value
(S1 to S15)
Press
OR
to set required value
(1 to 15)
To accept settings & exit calibration, hold down
AND
for 2 seconds
D5723-1
Figure 4-1: Setting up Wind and Close Hauled wind instruments
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S7.book Page 3 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 1:52 PM
Chapter 4: Setting up Analog Instruments
7-4-3
Compass instrument
The Compass instrument is set up using two stages of calibration.
The first stage enables you to:
• Choose which data you see on the digital display, when operating in
Locked mode. Either the locked (or ‘Fixed’) bearing, or the current
bearing.
• Choose whether you display true or magnetic bearing data.
The second stage enables you to:
• Set the instrument pointer response
• Set the digital display response.
• Select a Boat Show mode. It is strongly recommended that you do
NOT switch on this mode. Always ensure it is set to off (bs0). This is
the factory set value.
• Apply the factory default values.
At each Compass instrument, carry out the first stage of calibration
(see Figure 4-2 ) followed by the second stage (see Figure 4-3 ).
Hold down
AND
for approximately 2 seconds
Press
OR
to select F (fixed)
or C (current)
Select
true/
magnetic
Select
Lock
Mode
display
Press
OR
to select TRUE
or MAG(netic)
Variation
D5891-1
Figure 4-2: Compass instrument calibration first stage
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S7.book Page 4 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 1:52 PM
7-4-4
Section 7: System Setup
Hold down
AND
for approximately 12 seconds
After hold down
of 2 seconds
After hold down
of 12 seconds
After hold down
of 4 seconds
Calibration
entry
screen
Software
version
Press
AND
simultaneously
Switch User
cal on/off
Press
OR
to switch User cal
(the first calibration
stage), to either
on (1) or off (0)
Factory
defaults
Press
OR
Pointer
response
Press
OR
to set required value
F1 = factory defaults
F0 = current settings
Boat
show
mode
Do NOT set to
on (bS1)
to set required
value
P1 (slowest) to
P15 (fastest)
Press
Digital
display
response
OR
to set required
value
d1 (slowest) to
d15 (fastest)
To accept settings & exit calibration, hold down
AND
for 2 seconds
D5724-1
Figure 4-3: Compass instrument calibration second stage
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page i Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Section 8: Autopilots
Contents
Chapter 1:
Introduction to Autopilots ...................................................... 8-1-1
1.1 Applicability .......................................................................... 8-1-1
1.2 Autopilot operating modes .................................................... 8-1-1
Autopilot functions ................................................................ 8-1-2
Raymarine 150G and 400G autopilots ............................. 8-1-2
Raymarine T150 and T400 autopilots ............................. 8-1-2
ST290 system data ........................................................... 8-1-2
1.3 Safety information ................................................................. 8-1-3
Setup requirement ............................................................ 8-1-3
Navigation aid .................................................................. 8-1-3
Chapter 2:
Autopilot Operation ................................................................ 8-2-1
2.1 Introduction ........................................................................... 8-2-1
2.2 Using the Pilot Keypad .......................................................... 8-2-1
Keypad functions ................................................................... 8-2-1
2.3 Display layout ........................................................................ 8-2-2
General Operation ................................................................. 8-2-2
Pop-up message modes .......................................................... 8-2-3
Alarm and Information messages .................................... 8-2-3
Pop-up pilot mode ............................................................ 8-2-3
2.4 Start-up mode ......................................................................... 8-2-4
2.5 Accessing the Autopilot display page .................................... 8-2-4
2.6 Using Auto mode ................................................................... 8-2-4
Engaging the autopilot (Auto mode) ..................................... 8-2-4
Disengaging the autopilot (Standby mode) ........................... 8-2-5
Changing course in Auto mode .............................................. 8-2-5
Adjusting autopilot response ................................................. 8-2-6
150G & 400G autopilot systems ...................................... 8-2-6
T150 & T400 autopilot systems ....................................... 8-2-8
Off Course warning ............................................................... 8-2-8
Dodging obstacles then resuming previous course ................ 8-2-9
Dodging an obstacle ......................................................... 8-2-9
Returning to the previous heading ................................. 8-2-10
Using sail boat features in Auto mode ..................................8-2-11
Automatic tack (AutoTack) ............................................8-2-11
Preventing accidental gybes .......................................... 8-2-12
Gusty conditions ............................................................ 8-2-12
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page ii Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
ii
Section 8: Autopilots
2.7
2.8
2.9
Using Track mode ................................................................ 8-2-13
Selecting Track mode .......................................................... 8-2-13
Exiting Track mode .............................................................. 8-2-14
Cross track error ................................................................... 8-2-14
Tidal stream compensation .................................................. 8-2-15
Waypoint arrival and advance .............................................. 8-2-16
Skipping a waypoint – SeaTalk navigators only ............ 8-2-17
Route Complete indication .................................................. 8-2-17
Dodges in Track mode ......................................................... 8-2-17
Initiating a dodge maneuver ........................................... 8-2-17
Cancelling a dodge maneuver ........................................ 8-2-18
Safety in Track mode ........................................................... 8-2-18
Confirming position at the start of a journey .................. 8-2-18
Verifying computed positions ........................................ 8-2-18
Plot frequency ................................................................ 8-2-18
Using Wind Vane mode – sail boats ..................................... 8-2-18
Introduction ......................................................................... 8-2-18
True and apparent wind .................................................. 8-2-19
WindTrim ....................................................................... 8-2-19
Selecting Wind Vane mode .................................................. 8-2-19
Exiting Wind Vane mode ..................................................... 8-2-20
Adjusting the locked wind angle .......................................... 8-2-20
Dodges in Wind Vane mode ................................................. 8-2-21
Initiating a dodge maneuver ........................................... 8-2-21
Completing a dodge maneuver ...................................... 8-2-21
Wind Shift warning .............................................................. 8-2-21
Using AutoTack in Wind Vane mode ................................... 8-2-22
Operating hints for Wind Vane mode ................................... 8-2-22
Adjusting the rudder gain ..................................................... 8-2-23
Chapter 3:
Autopilot Troubleshooting ..................................................... 8-3-1
3.1 Introduction ........................................................................... 8-3-1
Servicing and safety ............................................................... 8-3-1
3.2 Fixing faults ........................................................................... 8-3-2
3.3 Autopilot alarm messages ...................................................... 8-3-4
3.4 Product support ...................................................................... 8-3-6
Chapter 4:
Commissioning the Autopilot ................................................ 8-4-1
4.1 Introduction ........................................................................... 8-4-1
Dockside checks .............................................................. 8-4-1
Seatrial calibration procedures ........................................ 8-4-1
Pilot calibration procedures ................................................... 8-4-1
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page iii Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Contents
iii
4.2
4.3
Chapter 5:
Controls ................................................................................. 8-4-2
Pilot Keypad .................................................................... 8-4-2
Graphic Display ............................................................... 8-4-2
Pre-commissioning ................................................................ 8-4-2
Dockside Checks ................................................................... 8-4-2
Step 1: Switch on ................................................................... 8-4-2
Step 2: Check the autopilot rudder control ............................. 8-4-3
Check the rudder position sensor ..................................... 8-4-3
Check the autopilot steering control ................................ 8-4-3
Step 3: Adjusting fundamental autopilot settings .................. 8-4-4
Using the Calibration mode ............................................. 8-4-4
Setting the vessel type ...................................................... 8-4-6
Setting the autopilot drive type ........................................ 8-4-6
Setting the rudder offset ................................................... 8-4-7
Setting the rudder limit .................................................... 8-4-7
Setting the rudder damping .............................................. 8-4-8
Save the new settings ....................................................... 8-4-8
Seatrial Calibration ................................................................ 8-4-9
Seatrial safety ......................................................................... 8-4-9
EMC conformance ................................................................ 8-4-9
Seatrial Calibration mode .................................................... 8-4-10
Using the Calibration mode ........................................... 8-4-10
Step 1: Calibrating the compass ............................................8-4-11
Correcting for magnetic deviation ..................................8-4-11
Setting compass alignment ............................................ 8-4-13
Step 2: Adjusting autopilot settings ..................................... 8-4-14
Using AutoLearn to adjust settings ................................ 8-4-14
Manual set-up ................................................................ 8-4-17
Adjusting Autopilot Settings ................................................. 8-5-1
5.1 Introduction ........................................................................... 8-5-1
Calibration groups ................................................................. 8-5-1
Pilot Basic Calibration ..................................................... 8-5-1
Pilot Seatrial Calibration .................................................. 8-5-1
Pilot Advanced Calibration .............................................. 8-5-1
5.2 Accessing Pilot Calibration ................................................... 8-5-2
General instructions ............................................................... 8-5-2
5.3 Pilot Basic Calibration ........................................................... 8-5-2
AutoTack angle ...................................................................... 8-5-3
Relative (Mirror) tacks ..................................................... 8-5-3
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page iv Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
iv
Section 8: Autopilots
5.4
5.5
Gybe inhibit ........................................................................... 8-5-4
Wind mode ............................................................................. 8-5-4
WindTrim response ................................................................ 8-5-5
Response level ....................................................................... 8-5-5
150G & 400G autopilot systems ...................................... 8-5-6
T150 & T400 autopilot systems ....................................... 8-5-6
Pilot Seatrial Calibration ........................................................ 8-5-7
Pilot Advanced Calibration .................................................... 8-5-7
Calibration structure .............................................................. 8-5-7
SeaTrial Calibration lock ....................................................... 8-5-9
Vessel type ............................................................................. 8-5-9
Drive type ............................................................................ 8-5-10
Rudder offset ........................................................................ 8-5-10
Rudder limit ......................................................................... 8-5-11
Rudder gain .......................................................................... 8-5-11
Counter rudder ..................................................................... 8-5-12
Rudder damping .................................................................. 8-5-12
Rudder trim .......................................................................... 8-5-13
Response level ..................................................................... 8-5-14
150G & 400G autopilot systems .................................... 8-5-14
T150 & T400 autopilot systems ..................................... 8-5-15
Turn rate limit ...................................................................... 8-5-15
Off course warning angle ..................................................... 8-5-16
AutoRelease (I/O drives only) ............................................. 8-5-16
AutoTack angle .................................................................... 8-5-17
Relative (Mirror) tacks ................................................... 8-5-17
Gybe inhibit ......................................................................... 8-5-18
Wind mode ........................................................................... 8-5-18
WindTrim response .............................................................. 8-5-19
Cruise speed ......................................................................... 8-5-19
Turning error correction (T150 and T400 systems only) ..... 8-5-20
Latitude ................................................................................ 8-5-21
Autopilot reset ...................................................................... 8-5-22
Pilot Advanced Calibration defaults .................................... 8-5-23
Advanced Calibration options ............................................. 8-5-25
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8 Chap 1.fm Page 1 Thursday, May 8, 2003 11:16 AM
8-1-1
Chapter 1: Introduction to Autopilots
1.1 Applicability
You can use the ST290 Pilot Keypad, in conjunction with an ST290
instrument system, to control Raymarine autopilot systems which use
T150, 150G, T400 and 400G course computers. Autopilot data is shown
on specified ST290 Graphic Displays.
1.2 Autopilot operating modes
The autopilot has the following modes:
• Standby: the autopilot is off and you have manual control of your
boat.
• Auto: the autopilot steers the boat to maintain a set compass heading.
• Track: the autopilot follows a track created on a chart plotter or other
navigation aid.
• Wind Vane: the autopilot steers the boat to maintain a course relative
to a true or apparent wind angle.
• Calibration: enables you to adjust the autopilot for optimum performance with your boat (see Section 8, Chapter 5). This includes automatic compass deviation correction (all autopilots) and AutoLearn
automatic steering calibration (150G and 400G systems only).
Additional autopilot features:
• Automatic tack (AutoTack) in
Auto and Wind Vane modes.
• Waypoint advance feature in
Track mode.
D5972-1
Figure 1-1:Pilot Keypad
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 2 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-1-2
Section 8: Autopilots
Autopilot functions
Raymarine 150G and 400G autopilots
The Raymarine 150G and 400G autopilots use the internal GyroPlus yaw
sensor. This provides enhanced course keeping using AST (Advanced
Steering Technology). These autopilots can be calibrated automatically
using an AutoLearn feature.
Raymarine T150 and T400 autopilots
The Raymarine T150 and T400 autopilots do not have a GyroPlus yaw
sensor fitted, but provide full basic functionality, using the Raymarine
steering algorithm without AST.
ST290 system data
The autopilot uses the following ST290 system information:
• Wind information, for Wind Vane steering.
• Waypoint information, to provide track control.
• Boat speed information, to optimize steering and track-keeping performance.
• Course over ground (COG) to set compass heading.
You can also use an autopilot with any navigation aid (GPS/Loran) or
wind instrument that transmits National Marine Electronics Association
(NMEA) 0183 data.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 3 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 1: Introduction to Autopilots
8-1-3
1.3 Safety information
Setup requirement
WARNING:
Autopilots are normally calibrated to default settings intended to
provide initial stable performance for most boats. However, to
ensure optimum performance on your boat, you must complete the
commissioning procedures in Section 8, Chapter 4 before using the
autopilot.
Navigation aid
WARNING:
Although we have designed this product to be accurate and reliable,
many factors can affect its performance. As a result, it should only be
used as an aid to navigation and should never replace common sense
and navigational judgement. Always maintain a permanent watch
so you can respond to situations as they develop.
It is the skipper’s responsibility to ensure the safety of the boat at all times
by following these basic rules:
• Ensure that someone is present at the helm AT ALL TIMES, to take
manual control in an emergency.
• Make sure that all members of crew know how to disengage the autopilot.
• Regularly check for other boats and any obstacles to navigation – no
matter how clear the sea may appear, a dangerous situation can
develop rapidly.
• Maintain an accurate record of the boat’s position by using either a
navigation aid or visual bearings.
• Maintain a continuous plot of your boat’s position on a current chart.
• Ensure that the locked autopilot heading will steer the boat clear of all
obstacles.
• Make proper allowance for tidal set – the autopilot cannot.
• Even when your autopilot is locked onto the desired track using a navigation aid, always maintain a log and make regular positional plots.
It is possible for navigation aids to produce invalid data in some circumstances and the autopilot will not be able to detect this.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 1 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-2-1
Chapter 2: Autopilot Operation
2.1 Introduction
This chapter describes how to use the ST290 Pilot Keypad to control
Raymarine autopilot systems which use T150, 150G, T400 and 400G
Course Computers. All controls mentioned in this chapter are on the
ST290 Pilot Keypad, unless otherwise stated.
2.2 Using the Pilot Keypad
Keypad functions
The Pilot Keypad enables you to control autopilot operation by means of
button presses. Each button press is confirmed by a short beep. Although
most functions are controlled by a single button press, there are also some
simultaneous two-button operations.
RESP
Press to display current
autopilot response
value (page 8-2-6)
Press for 1 second for
rudder gain setting
DISP
Display Pilot
Status (page 8-2-4)
(page 8-2-24)
TRACK
Press for Track mode from
Auto (if a navigator is
connected)
Press to accept waypoint
advance
Press for 1 second to skip
waypoint
(page 8-2-13)
Course change keys
Port 1˚ & Port 10˚
Course change keys
Starboard 1˚ & Starboard 10˚
(page 8-2-5)
(page 8-2-5)
Press +1 and +10
simultaneously for
AutoTack to Starboard
Press -1 and -10
simultaneously for
AutoTack to port
(page 8-2-11)
STANDBY
Press at any time to
disable the autopilot and
resume manual steering
(page 8-2-5)
(page 8-2-11)
AUTO
Press for Auto mode
(page 8-2-4)
STANDBY + AUTO
(simultaneously)
Press for Wind Vane mode
(if a wind vane is connected)
Figure 2-1: Pilot Keypad controls
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
Press for 1 second for
Last Heading (page 8-2-10)
Press again to accept
Last Heading
D5971-2
81183_2 S8.book Page 2 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-2-2
Section 8: Autopilots
2.3 Display layout
General Operation
Autopilot information is displayed on the ST290 Graphic Display in
either single, dual- or quad-screen modes.These modes are used for
general operation and configuration of the autopilot alongside other
features of the ST290. You can configure these screens as part of the
Graphic Display User Setup procedure (see Section 7, System Setup).
Note: When your boat is under the control of the autopilot and you wish
to access other information on the displays, we recommend that you use
the dual- or quad-screen mode so that one view can be dedicated to displaying the autopilot status.
.
Example of pilot information on a
single-element page. This shows:
• Mode
• Heading
• Heading type: MAG/TRUE
• Rudder bar (-/+ 30°) or XTE
bar
Example of pilot information in
the upper screen area of a dualelement page. This shows:
• Mode
• Heading
• Heading Type: MAG/TRUE
• Scaled down rudder bar
(-/+30°)
Example of pilot information in
the lower, right-hand area of a
quad-element page. This shows:
• Mode
• Heading
• Heading Type: (M)AG/(T)RUE
D6038-1
Figure 2-2: ST290 display modes
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 3 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 2: Autopilot Operation
8-2-3
Pop-up message modes
Alarm and Information messages
Autopilot alarms, information and temporary setting changes are
displayed using “ pop-up” style messages. These messages appear in
front of the current display (single-, dual or quad-element screen) and
indicate a button with an associated action. On taking an action, the
display returns to the normal operating mode.
.
Example pop-up alarm message:
This shows an autopilot off course alarm
and silence action button, in a pop-up
window, over a quad-element page.
D6048-1
Figure 2-3: Pop-up alarm message
Pop-up pilot mode
Autopilot mode or course changes can also be displayed in a “ pop-up”
window (see Figure 2-4 ). You can enable or disable this feature as
described in the Graphic Display User Setup procedure (see Section 7,
System Setup).
.
Example pop-up course-change
message:
This example shows a new locked
heading, following a commanded
course change in AUTO mode.
The pop-up is displayed for 4 seconds.
D6050-1
Figure 2-4: Pop-up pilot mode
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 4 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-2-4
Section 8: Autopilots
2.4 Start-up mode
The autopilot always powers up in Standby mode (manual steering).
2.5 Accessing the Autopilot display page
Autopilot information is displayed on ST290 Graphic Display. You can
access the information using either the Graphic Display buttons or the
Pilot Keypad buttons.
Using an ST290 Graphic Display:
1. Press the instrument
button to enter Chapter Select mode.
2. Use the
or or button to highlight the PILOT chapter.
3. Either wait for 5 seconds or press the
status page.
button to display the PILOT
Using the Pilot Keypad, press the Keypad DISP button once. All ST290
Graphic Displays with PILOT POPUP enabled (see Section 7, User Setup)
will immediately show the pilot status on a pop-up page.
2.6 Using Auto mode
WARNING:
Before using Auto mode, make sure that the pilot has been correctly
commissioned, as detailed in Section 8, Chapter 4.
Engaging the autopilot (Auto mode)
WARNING:
Autopilots make boating easier, but they are NOT a substitute for
good seamanship. ALWAYS maintain a permanent watch at the
helm.
To engage the autopilot:
1. Steady the boat on the required heading.
2. Press AUTO. The autopilot will now steer the boat on the current heading (locked heading).
3. The PILOT screen of the ST290 Graphic Display will display the autopilot status and the locked heading. The display in Figure 2-5 shows
the autopilot in control of the boat maintaining a locked heading of
097º.
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Chapter 2: Autopilot Operation
8-2-5
D3560-4
Figure 2-5: Engaging the autopilot
Disengaging the autopilot (Standby mode)
To disengage the autopilot, press STANDBY:
• In Standby mode, the display shows the current compass heading.
• The last locked heading is memorized and can be recalled.
To return to manual steering AT ANY TIME, press STANDBY.
D3561-4
Figure 2-6: Disengaging the autopilot
Changing course in Auto mode
In Auto mode, use the -1 and -10 (port) and +1 and +10 (starboard) buttons
to change the locked heading in steps of 1° or 10° . For example: press -10
three times for a 30° course change to port.
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8-2-6
Section 8: Autopilots
Port
Starboard
or
or
D3320-2
Figure 2-7: Changing course in AUTO mode
Adjusting autopilot response
You can adjust the performance of Raymarine autopilot systems by
changing the response level. This is the only user adjustment you should
need to make to the autopilot on a regular basis.
The response level controls the relationship between the autopilot’s
course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm/drive activity.
You can set the default power-up response level, by using the Pilot Basic
or Advanced Calibration (see Section 8, Chapter 5) to adjust the default
response level.
However, when using your autopilot on a day-to-day basis, you can make
temporary adjustments to the response level. By doing this you can set
the autopilot performance to suit different conditions.
150G & 400G autopilot systems
150G and 400G autopilot systems have nine response level options:
Level 1 gives the least pilot activity to conserve power, but may
compromise short-term course-keeping accuracy.
Levels 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp, well-controlled
turns under normal operating conditions.
Level 9 gives the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder activity, but
may lead to a rough passage in open waters as the autopilot may ‘fight’
the sea.
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Chapter 2: Autopilot Operation
8-2-7
When you require extra tight course keeping (e.g. for pilotage in confined
and sheltered waters), use a higher response value. If you want to
minimize drive activity and conserve battery power, use a lower value.
Temporary changes to response
Taking the above points into account, use the following procedure if you
need to make temporary adjustments to the response level of 150G and
400G autopilots, as required:
1. Display the RESPONSE screen by pressing the RESP button.
Screen will "pop-up"
in front of current view
Decrease
response
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Increase
response
D6040-1
Figure 2-8: Making temporary changes to 150G/400G response
2. Press -1 or +1 to change the response level.
3. Press DISP or wait for 10 seconds to return to the previous display.
Note: You will lose these temporary changes to response level whenever
the system is powered off. You can make PERMANENT adjustments in
Pilot Basic or Advanced Calibration (see Section 8, Chapter 5).
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8-2-8
Section 8: Autopilots
T150 & T400 autopilot systems
T150 and T400 (non-GyroPlus) autopilot systems have three response
level options:
Level 1 - AutoSeastate on (Automatic deadband):
• Autopilot gradually ignores repetitive boat movements and only
reacts to true variations in course.
• Provides the best compromise between power consumption and
course keeping accuracy.
Level 2 - AutoSeastate off (minimum deadband):
• Provides tighter course keeping.
• Increased power consumption and drive unit activity.
Level 3 - AutoSeastate off and counter rudder yaw damping:
• Provides tightest possible course keeping by introducing counter rudder yaw damping (see Section 8, Chapter 5).
Temporary changes to response
To make a temporary change to the response setting of T150 and T400
autopilots:
1. Display the RESPONSE screen by pressing the RESP button.
2. Press -1 or +1 to change the response between levels 1 to 3.
3. Press DISP or wait for 10 seconds to return to the previous display.
Note: You will lose these temporary changes to response level whenever
the system is powered off. You can make PERMANENT adjustments in
Pilot Basic or Advanced Calibration (see Section 8, Chapter 5).
Off Course warning
If an OFF COURSE warning occurs, pop-up window appears displaying the
locked and compass bearings.
Message will 'pop-up'
in front of current view
D3315-3
Figure 2-9: Off course warning
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Chapter 2: Autopilot Operation
8-2-9
The autopilot initiates an OFF COURSE warning when the boat has been off
course from the locked heading by more than the specified angle* for
longer than 20 seconds.
* Note: You can adjust the specified off course angle in Pilot Advanced
Calibration (see Section 8, Chapter 5).
To cancel an OFF COURSE warning, press STANDBY to return to hand
steering:
• If you are under sail, check whether your boat is carrying too much
sail, or whether the sails are badly balanced. You can usually significantly improve course keeping by improving the sail balance.
• If you are using a powerboat, ensure that the trim tabs are correctly
set.
Note: The warning clears automatically if the heading recovers, or if you
change the course or if you change the operating mode.
Dodging obstacles then resuming previous course
When your boat is under autopilot control, you can dodge an obstacle and
then resume your previous course.
Obstacle
Original
course
Dodge
D3303-2P
Figure 2-10: Dodging an obstacle
Dodging an obstacle
To dodge an obstacle:
1. Select a course change in the appropriate direction. For example,
press -10 three times for a 30° dodge to port.
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8-2-10
Section 8: Autopilots
2. When safely clear of the obstacle, you can either:
• Reverse the previous course change (e.g. press +10 three times),
or
• Return to the previous locked heading (LAST HEADING) as
described below.
Returning to the previous heading
When the boat is in Auto mode and you have steered the boat away from
the selected locked heading for any reason (for example, to carry out a
dodge maneuver), you can return to the previous locked heading (the
most recent heading held for 20 seconds). To do this:
1. Press AUTO for 1 second. The display flashes and shows the previous
locked heading (LAST HEADING) for 10 seconds. The arrow will show
the direction the boat will turn.
2. To accept this heading, press AUTO when the display is flashing.
Note: If you do not press AUTO while the display is flashing, the autopilot
will maintain the current heading.
1 SECOND
Message will "pop-up" infront of current view
Resumed
course
Obstacle
Original
course
Dodge
D5499-2
Figure 2-11: Return to last heading
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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Chapter 2: Autopilot Operation
8-2-11
You can also return to the last Auto heading from Standby mode by
pressing AUTO for 1 second and pressing AUTO again at the
LAST HEADING prompt.
Using sail boat features in Auto mode
Automatic tack (AutoTack)
The ST290 Pilot Keypad has a built in automatic tack facility (AutoTack)
that turns the boat through a preset angle in the required direction. The
default angle is 100º.
If you have set the vessel type to SAIL BOAT, you can adjust the default
AutoTack angle in Pilot Basic or Advanced calibration (see Section 8,
Chapter 5):
• To AutoTack to port: press the -1 and -10 buttons together.
• To AutoTack to starboard: press the +1 and +10 buttons together.
WARNING:
When making major course changes, the trim on the boat may
change substantially. Because of this, the autopilot may take some
time to settle accurately onto the new course.
AutoTack - Port
AutoTack - Starboard
Wind
Wind
AutoTack
angle
AutoTack
angle
D5399-1
Figure 2-12: Using AutoTack
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8-2-12
Section 8: Autopilots
Preventing accidental gybes
Note: For the gybe inhibit feature to work, the autopilot must receive
suitable wind information.
A gybe inhibit feature stops AutoTack maneuvers away from the wind
thereby preventing accidental gybes. You can turn this feature on or off,
as required:
• With gybe inhibit on, you can perform an AutoTack only into the
wind.
• With gybe inhibit off, you can perform an AutoTack into or away
from the wind.
Note: Gybe inhibit is switched on as a default. You can switch it off in
Pilot Basic or Advanced Calibration (see Section 8, Chapter 5).
Gusty conditions
In gusty conditions, the course may tend to wander slightly, particularly if
the sails are badly balanced. If you take the appropriate measures, the
autopilot will maintain competent control even in gale force conditions.
You can significantly improve course keeping by:
• Improving the sail balance:
• Not allowing the boat to heel over excessively.
• Easing the mainsheet traveller to leeward to reduce heeling and
weather helm.
• If necessary, reefing the mainsail a little early.
In very strong winds and large seas:
• Avoid sailing with the wind dead astern.
• Ideally, bring the wind at least 30° away from a dead run.
In severe conditions, you may also need to remove the mainsail and sail
under headsail only.
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Chapter 2: Autopilot Operation
8-2-13
2.7 Using Track mode
In Track mode, the autopilot maintains a track between waypoints
created on a navigation system. The autopilot makes any course changes
necessary to keep your boat on track, automatically compensating for
tidal streams and leeway.
Selecting Track mode
WARNING:
When you enter Track mode, the autopilot will bring the boat onto
the track in a controlled way. The closer the boat is to the correct
heading and track, the quicker the autopilot will settle the boat onto
the new course. To avoid an unexpected turn, it is good practise to
align the boat with the required track before entering Track mode.
To select Track mode:
1. Ensure the autopilot is in Auto mode.
2. Press TRACK to enter Track mode.
3. Wait for the Waypoint Advance warning to sound. The display will
show the bearing to the next planned waypoint and the direction the
boat will turn to reach this waypoint.
4. Check that it is safe for the boat to turn onto the new course.
5. Press the TRACK button. When you do this:
• The autopilot will turn the boat onto the new course in a controlled
way.
• The display shows the heading required to achieve the required
track.
Note: The closer the boat is to the correct heading and track when you
press TRACK, the quicker the autopilot will bring the boat onto the new
course. If the boat is more than 0.3 nm from the track, the Large Cross
Track Error warning will sound.
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8-2-14
Section 8: Autopilots
From auto mode, press track to enter Track mode:
Then press track again to turn boat to waypoint:
Waypoint
at 071˚
Current
heading
New
Waypoint
Previous
heading
Message will "pop-up" in front of current view
D5414-2
Figure 2-13: Automatic Track Acquisition
Exiting Track mode
To exit Track mode, either:
• Press AUTO to return to Auto mode, or
• Press STANDBY to steer manually in Standby mode.
Cross track error
Cross track error (XTE) is the distance between the current position and a
planned route. The autopilot receives the cross track error information
from the navigation equipment, and uses this to get back on course.
If the cross track error is greater than 0.3 nm, a Large XTE warning will
occur. The display will show how far port or starboard of the track you are
and the direction you need to steer to get back on track.
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Chapter 2: Autopilot Operation
8-2-15
Cross track error (XTE)
more than 0.3 nm
Waypoint 2
ute
l ro
ctua
A
ned
Plan
e
rout
Waypoint 1
Message will "pop-up" in front of current view
D5415-2
Figure 2-14: Large Cross Track Error
Tidal stream compensation
Under most conditions, the autopilot will hold the selected track to within
±0.05 nm (300 ft) or better. The autopilot takes account of the boat’s
speed when computing course changes to ensure optimum performance
over a wide range of boat speeds.
Waypoint 2
al
d
Ti
n
po
m
co
t
en
Bo
at
's
sp
ee
d
th
ro
ug
h
w
at
e
r
Boat's speed over ground
Waypoint 1
D3261-2
Figure 2-15: Tidal stream compensation
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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8-2-16
Section 8: Autopilots
In order of preference, the autopilot uses:
• Measured boat speed (speed through water)
• Speed over ground (SOG), if measured boat speed is not available.
• The cruise speed specified in Pilot Advanced Calibration (see
Section 8, Chapter 5), if neither measured boat speed or SOG are
available.
Waypoint arrival and advance
Note: Waypoint advance operates only if valid bearing to waypoint and
waypoint name information are available from the navigation system.
On arrival at a waypoint, the autopilot will display the Waypoint
Advance (NEXT WAYPOINT) screen and sound an alarm. The alarm screen
shows the bearing to the next waypoint and the direction the boat will turn
to acquire the new heading.
•
•
If it is safe to make the turn, press the TRACK button to accept the new
heading. The autopilot will turn the boat and cancel the alarm.
If you do not press TRACK then the boat will maintain the existing
heading. Pressing AUTO or STANDBY will cancel the alarm, abandon the track and return to automatic or manual mode as appropriate.
Waypoint arrival
Waypoint advance
Next target
waypoint at 071˚
Target
waypoint
New target
waypoint at 071˚
Old target
waypoint
Message will "pop-up" in front of current view
D5416-1
Figure 2-16: Waypoint Arrival and Advance
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Chapter 2: Autopilot Operation
8-2-17
Man Overboard (MOB) functionality
On some navigation aids a Man Overboard function exists to aid rescue
of personnel. When a MOB button is activated, the position of the boat at
that time is stored and sent to the autopilot as a new waypoint. The
autopilot can acquire this waypoint via a waypoint advance alarm and
automatically track to the MOB location.
Skipping a waypoint – SeaTalk navigators only
WARNING:
Skipping a waypoint will take you straight to the next waypoint.
Check your navigation before making the turn.
If you want to advance to the next waypoint before you have arrived at
the target waypoint, you can skip a waypoint by pressing TRACK for
1 second. The display will then show the Waypoint Advance screen for
the next waypoint. Check it is safe to turn, then press TRACK to turn the
boat towards the next waypoint.
Route Complete indication
When you have reached the last waypoint on a route in Track mode,
either a NO DATA message or a ROUTE COMPLETE message is displayed.
When this occurs, either:
• Press AUTO to continue on the same heading, or
• Press STANDBY to return to hand steering.
If you do not press a button, the autopilot will continue to steer the boat on
the present heading whilst displaying the NO DATA or ROUTE COMPLETE
message.
Dodges in Track mode
When the autopilot is in Track mode you still have full control from the
keypad.
Initiating a dodge maneuver
In Track mode, you can make a dodge maneuver by using the course
change buttons (-1, +1, -10 or +10) to select the desired course change.
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8-2-18
Section 8: Autopilots
Cancelling a dodge maneuver
After you have avoided the hazard, you can cancel the dodge course
change by making an equal course change in the opposite direction.
Safety in Track mode
WARNING:
Although Track mode provides accurate track keeping even in
complex navigational situations, it is still the skipper’s responsibility
to ensure the safety of the boat at all times by means of careful
navigation and frequent position checks.
Sailing in Track mode assists precise navigation and removes the tasks of
compensating for wind and tidal drift. However, you MUST still
maintain an accurate log with regular plots.
Confirming position at the start of a journey
At the start of a journey you must always use an easily identifiable fixed
object to confirm the fix given by the navigation system. Check for fixed
positional errors and compensate for them.
Verifying computed positions
Always verify the computed position with a dead reckoned position,
calculated from the average course steered and the distance logged.
Plot frequency
In open water, you should make plots at least every hour.
In confined waters or when near to potential hazards, you should
make plots more frequently.
2.8 Using Wind Vane mode – sail boats
Introduction
Note: To use Wind Vane mode, the autopilot must receive suitable wind
information.
When the autopilot is in Wind Vane mode it keeps the boat at a set angle
to the wind, using wind and compass references.
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Chapter 2: Autopilot Operation
8-2-19
As changes in the wind angle occur, the autopilot adjusts the locked
compass heading to maintain the set angle to the wind.
True and apparent wind
In WIND VANE mode, T150, 150G, T400 and 400G autopilots can
maintain a course relative to either:
• apparent wind, the autopilot maintains the apparent wind angle,
or
• true wind, the autopilot maintains the true wind angle.
You can adjust the factory default setting of apparent wind, in Pilot Basic
or Advanced Calibration (see Section 8, Chapter 5).
WindTrim
In Wind Vane mode the autopilot uses WindTrim to eliminate the effects
of turbulence and short term wind variations. This provides smooth and
precise performance with minimal
power consumption. You can
adjust the WINDTRIM RESPONSE
level in Pilot Basic or Advanced
Calibration (see Section 8,
Chapter 5) to control how quickly
the autopilot responds to changes
in the wind direction. Higher wind
trim settings will result in a pilot
that is more responsive to wind
changes.
Selecting Wind Vane mode
He
WIND
adi
ng
To select Wind Vane mode from
Wind angle
either Standby or Auto mode:
D6056-1
1. Steady the boat onto the
required wind angle.
2. Press STANDBY and AUTO simultaneously to select Wind Vane mode.
and lock the current wind angle. The display shows the locked heading, wind type and the wind angle.
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8-2-20
Section 8: Autopilots
simultaneously
+
D3565-4
Figure 2-17: Selecting Wind Vane mode
In Wind Vane mode:
• The display shows the locked heading, wind type and the wind angle.
• The autopilot adjusts the boat’s heading to maintain the locked wind
angle.
If the autopilot will not enter Wind Vane mode, it is not receiving wind
data. If this occurs, check the instrument and connections
Exiting Wind Vane mode
To exit Wind Vane mode, press either:
AUTO to return to Auto mode, or
STANDBY to steer manually in Standby mode.
Adjusting the locked wind angle
You can adjust the locked wind angle by using the -1, +1, -10 and +10
buttons to change course.
For example, to bear away by 10° when the boat is on a starboard tack,
press -10 to turn the boat 10° to port. The locked wind angle and locked
heading will both change by 10° .
The autopilot will then adjust the locked heading as required to maintain
the new wind angle.
Note: Because turning the boat affects the relationship between true and
apparent wind angles, you should only use this method to make MINOR
adjustments to the wind angle. For major changes, return to Standby
mode, steer onto the new heading, then reselect Wind Vane mode.
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Chapter 2: Autopilot Operation
8-2-21
Dodges in Wind Vane mode
When the autopilot is in Wind Vane mode you still have full control from
the keypad.
Initiating a dodge maneuver
In Wind Vane mode, you can make a dodge maneuver by using the course
change buttons (-1, +1, -10 or +10) to select the desired course change.
The autopilot will adjust both the locked heading and locked wind angle.
Completing a dodge maneuver
After you have avoided the hazard, reverse the previous course change.
Wind Shift warning
If the autopilot detects a sustained wind shift of more than 15° a
WINDSHIFT alarm will occur (Figure 2-18 ):
• To cancel the alarm, retain the existing wind angle and accept the new
heading, press any key on the ST290 Graphic Display.
• To cancel the alarm and keep to the existing heading, either:
• Adjust the locked wind angle using the -1, +1, -10 and +10 buttons,
or
• Press STANDBY to return to hand steering. Steer onto the required
heading and press STANDBY and AUTO simultaneously to return
to Wind Vane mode with the new wind angle.
.
Change in wind direction (>15º)
OLD
WIND
NEW
WIND
Message will "pop-up"
in front of current view
D6052-1
Figure 2-18: Windshift Alarm
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8-2-22
Section 8: Autopilots
Using AutoTack in Wind Vane mode
Note: If you intend using AutoTack in Wind Vane mode, ensure the wind
vane has been centered accurately.
When AutoTack is used in Wind Vane mode, the boat turns through the
AutoTack angle and the autopilot will then trim the heading to mirror the
locked wind angle from the previous tack.
•
•
To AutoTack to port: press the -1 and -10 buttons together.
To AutoTack to starboard: press the +1 and +10 buttons together.
AutoTack - Port
AutoTack - Starboard
Wind
Wind
AutoTack
angle
AutoTack
angle
D5399-1
Figure 2-19: Using AutoTack
Note: If you have set the vessel type to SAIL BOAT, you can adjust the default AutoTack angle in Pilot Basic or Advanced calibration (see
Section 8, Chapter 5).
Operating hints for Wind Vane mode
•
•
•
•
Always trim your sails carefully to minimize the amount of standing
helm.
Reef the headsail and mainsail a little early rather than too late.
In Wind Vane mode the pilot will react to long-term wind shifts, but
will not correct for short-term changes such as gusts.
In gusty and unsteady inshore conditions, it is best to sail a few
degrees further off the wind so that changes in wind direction can be
tolerated.
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Chapter 2: Autopilot Operation
8-2-23
2.9 Adjusting the rudder gain
WARNING:
1. Incorrect rudder gain values on planing craft will lead to poor
steering performance and can be dangerous at high speeds. You
must set the rudder gain correctly.
2. If you increase the rudder gain setting on a 150G or 400G
autopilot, you must also increase the counter rudder setting.
Note: Although the rudder gain feature is available on all systems, you
should not need to adjust the rudder gain setting on 150G or 400G autopilot systems once AutoLearn has been completed (see Section 8,
Chapter 4).
On T150 and T400 (non-GyroPlus) systems, you can make temporary
adjustments to rudder gain to change the autopilot’s steering
characteristics. Rudder gain is a measure of how much helm the autopilot
will apply to correct course errors (see Figure 2-20 ):
• If rudder gain is adjusted correctly, the course changes should result
in a crisp turn followed by an overshoot of no more than 5°
• If rudder gain is too high, courses change will result in a distinct overshoot (A)
• If rudder gain is too low, the boat will feel sluggish – it will take a long
time to make the turn and there will be no overshoot (B)
New
heading
B
New
heading
A
Rudder gain
too low
New
heading
Rudder gain
too high
Correct
rudder gain
D3262-2
Figure 2-20: The effect of incorrect Rudder Gain settings
Note: See Section 8, Chapter 5 for a full explanation of rudder gain and
how to adjust it correctly.
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8-2-24
Section 8: Autopilots
If necessary, you can make a temporary change to rudder gain as
follows:
1. Press the RESP button for 1 second to display the rudder gain
(RUDDER GAIN) screen:
2. Press -1 or +1 to change the rudder gain.
3. Press DISP or wait for 10 seconds to return to the previous display.
Screen will "pop-up"
in front of current view
Decrease
rudder gain
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Increase
rudder gain
SECOND
D6041-1
Figure 2-21: Adjusting Rudder Gain
Note: You will lose these temporary changes to rudder gain whenever
the system is powered off. You can make PERMANENT adjustments in
Pilot Basic or Advanced Calibration (see Section 8, Chapter 5).
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8-3-1
Chapter 3: Autopilot Troubleshooting
3.1 Introduction
All Raymarine products are designed to provide many years of troublefree operation. They are subject to comprehensive testing and quality
assurance procedures before shipping.
This chapter provides information to identify autopilot problems, and on
how to interpret autopilot alarm messages, maintain your autopilot
system and obtain product support.
If a problem occurs with your autopilot, use the troubleshooting tables in
this section to help identify the problem and provide a solution. If you
cannot resolve the problem yourself, refer to the product support
information.
Servicing and safety
•
•
•
•
•
•
Raymarine equipment should be serviced only by authorized Raymarine service technicians. They will ensure that service procedures and
replacement parts used will not affect performance. There are no
user-serviceable parts in any Raymarine product.
Some products generate high voltages, so never handle the cables/
connectors when power is being supplied to the equipment.
When powered up, all electrical equipment produces electromagnetic fields. These can cause adjacent pieces of electrical equipment
to interact with one another, with a consequent adverse affect on operation. In order to minimize these effects and enable you to get the best
possible performance from your Raymarine equipment, guidelines
are given in the installation instructions, to enable you to ensure minimum interaction between different items of equipment, i.e. ensure
optimum Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC).
Always report any EMC-related problem to your nearest Raymarine
dealer. We will use any such information to improve our quality standards.
In some installations, it may not be possible to prevent the equipment
from being affected by external influences. In general this will not
damage the equipment but it can lead to spurious resetting action, or
momentarily may result in faulty operation.
Always switch off the power to Raymarine equipment before working on it.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 2 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-3-2
Section 8: Autopilots
3.2 Fixing faults
Fault
Possible cause
Action
Rudder bar display moves in oppo- Rudder position sensor connecsite direction to rudder.
tions are connected the wrong
way round.
Reverse the red and green rudder
position sensor connections at the
course computer.
Displayed compass heading does
not agree with the boat’s compass.
Compass not calibrated.
Carry out the compass alignment
and deviation procedures.
The autopilot will not communicate with other SeaTalk instruments.
A break in the SeaTalk cabling con- Ensure all SeaTalk cables are
nection
sound and connected properly.
or
SeaTalk fuse failure.
Replace SeaTalk fuse in course
computer.
Waypoint information not
received.
Navigator not transmitting the
correct data.
When holding a constant course in There may be magnetic interferStandby mode, the autopilot
ence on the compass.
heading changes continuously.
Ensure navigator is operating correctly.
Check wiring between navigator
and autopilot systems.
For NMEA connected navigators,
check that the output is enabled at
the navigator.
Check there are no electrical, magnetic, or metallic objects near the
compass unit.
Move the compass to another
location.
Carry out the compass alignment
and deviation procedures.
There may be a fault with the com- Call a Raymarine service agent.
pass.
Boat turns slowly and takes a long Rudder gain too low
time to come onto course.
(see Section 8, Chapter 5).
Complete AutoLearn or increase
setting.
Boat overshoots when turning
onto a new course.
Complete AutoLearn or decrease
setting,
Rudder gain too high
(see Section 8, Chapter 5).
The autopilot appears to be unsta- Tide speed exceeds 35% of boat
Change the CRUISE SPEED setting
ble in Track mode, or track-holding speed, and boat speed is not avail- in Pilot Advanced Calibration to
is slow.
able via SeaTalk.
the boat’s cruising speed
(see Section 8, Chapter 5).
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 3 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 3: Autopilot Troubleshooting
8-3-3
Fault
Possible cause
Action
The autopilot appears to be unstable on Northerly headings in the
Northern hemisphere (or Southerly headings in the Southern
hemisphere).
Northerly/Southerly heading correction (AutoAdapt) is not set up.
[Does not apply to 150G/400G
systems.]
Set up Northerly/Southerly heading correction (AutoAdapt).
(see Section 8, Chapter 5).
The autopilot will not auto
advance to the next waypoint.
Bearing to waypoint information
not received from the navigator.
Ensure Navigator is operating correctly.
For NMEA connected navigators,
check that the correct messages
are enabled at the navigator.
You cannot enter Pilot Seatrial Cal- Seatrial calibration lock is on.
ibration mode.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
Turn off the calibration protection
feature in Pilot Advanced Calibration (see Section 8, Chapter 5).
81183_2 S8.book Page 4 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-3-4
Section 8: Autopilots
3.3 Autopilot alarm messages
When the autopilot detects a fault or failure on the system, it will initiate
an alarm message.
•
•
Before you attempt to resolve the problem, press STANDBY to clear
the alarm and return to hand steering, unless otherwise stated.
In some situations, the autopilot will raise more than one alarm.
When you have dealt with the first alarm, the autopilot will display
the next alarm.
Alarm message
Cause
Action
PILOT DISENGAGED
Possible fault with rudder position
sensor.
OR
Stern (I/O) drives only – you have
taken manual control of steering
with AutoRelease on.
Check connections and mechanical linkage.
CURRENT and LIMIT
Serious drive failure – the drive is
taking too much current.
Check the drive unit for a jam and
cabling for a short circuit.
If fault persists, call a Raymarine
service agent.
DRIVESTOPPED
The autopilot is unable to turn the Check drive and rudder position
rudder (this occurs if the weather sensor.
load on the helm is too high, or if
the rudder position sensor has
passed beyond the preset rudder
limits or rudder end-stops).
LOW BATTERY
Supply voltage has dropped below Press STANDBY to clear the alarm
acceptable limits.
and return to hand steering
THEN
Start the engine to recharge the
battery.
MOT POW and SWAPPED
Motor cables are connected to
Turn off power, check and swap
power terminals (and power
over connections.
cables are connected to motor terminals) at course computer.
The alarm cancels automatically
after 10 seconds.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 5 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 3: Autopilot Troubleshooting
8-3-5
Alarm message
Cause
Action
NO DATA
In Track mode, the autopilot is not
receiving SeaTalk navigation data
OR
The position sensor (GPS, Decca) is
receiving a low strength signal.
Check the connections to the compass, wind instrument and navigator.
NO PILOT
The display unit is not receiving
data from the course computer.
Check connections and check
course computer is switched on.
RG FAIL
GyroPlus yaw sensor has failed.
• If you have a 150G/400G course
computer with internal GyroPlus
sensor – call a Raymarine service
agent.
• If you have a T150/400 course
computer with external GyroPlus
yaw sensor – check the sensor and
connections, then call a Raymarine service agent.
SEATALK and FAIL 1 or 2
SeaTalk data problem on one of
the SeaTalk lines.
Ensure all SeaTalk cables are properly connected to the course computer.
PILOT CALIBRATION REQUIRED
Occurs at power up.
Calibrate autopilot.
(See Section 8, Chapter 5)
DATA ERROR ALARM
NMEA XTE data flagged as invalid Check the navigation system is
or poor GPS fix.
receiving a good GPS signal and is
able to calculate a valid fix.
NO COMP
Course computer is not receiving
compass data.
Ensure all SeaTalk cables are properly connected.
NO WIND
Course computer is not receiving
wind data.
Ensure all SeaTalk cables are properly connected.
NO SPEED
Course computer is not receiving
speed data.
Ensure all SeaTalk cables are properly connected.
Note: The autopilot stops adjusting the heading as soon as it loses
data.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
Alarm will clear when the position
sensor receives a satisfactory signal.
81183_2 S8.book Page 6 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-3-6
Section 8: Autopilots
3.4 Product support
Raymarine products are supported by a worldwide network of
distributors and Authorized Service Representatives. If you encounter
any difficulties with this product, please contact either your national
distributor, service representative, or the Raymarine Technical
Services Call Center. Refer to Section 5 of this handbook for details.
Before you consider returning the autopilot, make sure that the power
supply cable is sound and that all connections are tight and free from
corrosion. If the connections are secure, refer to the Fault Finding section
in this chapter.
If you cannot trace or rectify the fault, contact your nearest Raymarine
dealer or Service Center, specifying:
•
•
The course computer serial number, printed under its connector
cover.
The course computer software version number.
The following illustration shows how to display the software
information:
At the Pilot Keypad, hold down STANDBY for 4 seconds:
•
•
You will then see a screen displaying the course computer software
version and the total number of
hours the autopilot has been used
in Auto mode.
This information will remain visible for 10 seconds before returning
to Standby.
D6047-1
•
Message will "pop-up"
in front of current view
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 1 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-4-1
Chapter 4: Commissioning the Autopilot
4.1 Introduction
WARNING:
All newly-installed autopilot systems MUST be commissioned.
Before using a newly installed T150, 150G, T400 or 400G course
computer autopilot system, you must commission the autopilot system in
two stages:
Dockside checks
The dockside checks are carried out with the boat safely tied up, and
comprise initial system checks and the adjustment of some fundamental
settings.
Seatrial calibration procedures
The seatrial comprises compass calibration and the optimization of the
autopilot settings, for your boat.
Pilot calibration procedures
Parts of the commissioning process use the pilot calibration procedures
(see Figure 4-1 ). These are accessed from any ST290 Graphic Display
with PILOT CAL enabled, as separate User Setup chapters entitled, PILOT
BASIC CAL., PILOT SEATRIAL CAL. and PILOT ADVANCED CAL. (see Section
7, Chapter 2). Details of the pilot calibration structures are given in
Section 8, Chapter 5.
From/to ST290 Transducer Calibration
chapter
Part of ST290 Graphic Display User Setup
PILOT
BASIC CAL.
PILOT
SEATRIAL CAL.
PILOT
ADVANCED
ADVANCED CAL.
To/from ST290
Data Units chapter
Figure 4-1: Pilot calibration overview
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
D6001-1
81183_2 S8.book Page 2 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-4-2
Section 8: Autopilots
Controls
Pilot Keypad
The Pilot Keypad buttons are: RESP, DISP, TRACK, -1, +1, -10, +10,
STANDBY and AUTO.
Graphic Display
The Graphic Display buttons are:
,
,
,
and
.
Pre-commissioning
At the ST290 Graphic Display, select the PILOTS chapter Status page.
4.2 Dockside Checks
With the boat safely tied up, complete the following dockside checks:
1. Switch on.
2. Check the autopilot rudder control.
3. Set fundamental autopilot parameters.
WARNING:
For safe control of your boat, you MUST complete the dockside
checks before starting the initial seatrial.
Step 1: Switch on
When you have installed the ST290 Pilot Keypad and the autopilot
system, switch on the main power breaker:
• If the Pilot Keypad and autopilot are active, the keypad will beep.
• After 4 seconds, a PILOT STANDBY screen is displayed on the Status
page. Check that this shows a live compass heading and a rudder bar.
D3567-4
Figure 4-2: Autopilot Standby screen
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 3 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 4: Commissioning the Autopilot
8-4-3
Step 2: Check the autopilot rudder control
Check the rudder position sensor
WARNING:
Do NOT attempt to change autopilot connections with the power
applied.
1. Turn the wheel manually to starboard.
2. At the PILOTS chapter Status page, check that the rudder bar moves to
starboard. If the rudder bar display moves the wrong way:
i. Turn off the power.
ii. Reverse the red and green wires connected to the RUDDER inputs
on the course computer.
iii. Switch on the power and re-check.
Check the autopilot steering control
1. Manually center the wheel, then at the Pilot Keypad, press the AUTO
button to place the autopilot in Auto mode. Check that the PILOTS
chapter Status page displays AUTO.
WARNING:
Before commencing the next step, be ready to press the STANDBY
button if the rudder moves hard over.
2. At the Pilot Keypad, press the +10 button once. Check that the rudder
moves to starboard a few degrees and then stops. If the rudder drives
hard over, immediately press STANDBY to prevent further rudder
movement.
D3568-3
Figure 4-3: Checking rudder connection
3. If the rudder moves to port or the rudder drives hard over:
i. Press STANDBY.
ii. Turn off the power.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 4 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-4-4
Section 8: Autopilots
iii. Reverse the motor wires connected to the course computer.
iv. Switch on the power and re-check.
Note: If the rudder overshoots and has to drive back or starts to hunt back
and forth, increase the rudder damping level as described on page 8-4-8.
Step 3: Adjusting fundamental autopilot settings
Use the Pilot Advanced Calibration mode, to adjust certain fundamental
autopilot parameters.
Note: For more information on pilot calibration, refer to Section 8,
Chapter 5 of this handbook.
To enter Pilot Advanced Calibration:
1. Press STANDBY to return the autopilot to Standby mode.
2. Using an ST290 Graphic Display (Figure 4-4 ), enter User Setup, as
described in Section 7 of this handbook. Then press the button to
scroll to the PILOT ADVANCED CAL setup chapter (see Figure 4-5 )
Chapter button
(also used to set backlighting
& contrast)
Page button
Up button
Down button
Select button
D5354-2
Figure 4-4: The ST290 Graphic Display
Using the Calibration mode
When you enter a pilot calibration screen, press the
button to move
between the individual calibration pages, or hold down the
button to
move backwards through the calibration pages.
Use the
or
buttons as necessary, to change calibration values.
To move to the next setting press the
button. To leave the current
calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
Note: You must leave the calibration chapter by using the
button to
save all calibration changes. If the system loses power or is powered off
before this stage then all configuration changes made will be lost.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 5 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 4: Commissioning the Autopilot
From/to ST290
Transducer
Calibration
chapter
PILOT
BASIC
8-4-5
PILOT
SEATRIAL
PILOT
ADVANCED
Header page
To/from ST290
Data Units chapter
Confirm
calibration entry
Seatrial cal lock
Vessel type
Drive type
Note: The page structure of Pilot
Advanced Calibration depends
on which vessel type you select.
Rudder offset
Rudder limit
Rudder gain
Counter rudder
Rudder damping
Hold for 1 second
To move from
page to page
Rudder trim
Response level
Turn rate limit
Off course warning angle
Press
Auto release
AutoTack angle
Gybe inhibit
Wind mode
Wind trim response
Cruise speed
Turning error correction
Latitude
Autopilot reset
D6010-1
Figure 4-5: Pilot Advanced Calibration mode
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 6 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-4-6
Section 8: Autopilots
Setting the vessel type
In Pilot Advanced Calibration:
1. Use the
button to scroll to the VESSEL TYPE page.
2. Use the or button to select the
appropriate vessel type. Options are:
SAIL BOAT
WORK BOAT
STERN DRIVE- Planing powerboat with
I/O drive (stern drive).
PLANING - Planing powerboat.
D5985-1
SEMI-DISPLACEMENT - Semi-displacement powerboat.
DISPLACEMENT - Displacement powerboat.
3. To move to the next setting press the button, or to leave the current
calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
Note: When you change the vessel type, the autopilot will set appropriate
defaults for the other calibration settings. Refer to the table in Section 8,
Chapter 5 for default values. All previous calibration will be lost.
Setting the autopilot drive type
In Pilot Advanced Calibration:
1. Use the
button to scroll to the DRIVE TYPE page.
2. Use the or button to highlight the
appropriate drive type. The options are:
SOLENOID - for solenoid valve, spool
valve or constant running pump drive
systems.
HYDRAULIC - for hydraulic drives.
MECHANICAL - for mechanical drives.
D5986-1
To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current
calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button. Use
the DRIVE TYPE screen to set the autopilot drive type so it is the same as the
autopilot drive fitted to the vessel.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 7 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 4: Commissioning the Autopilot
8-4-7
Setting the rudder offset
Use the RUDDER OFFSET screen to center the rudder bar display after
installing the autopilot system.
In Pilot Advanced Calibration:
1. Use the
button to scroll to the RUDDER OFFSET page.
2. Use the wheel to manually center the
rudder.
3. Use the or button to adjust the bar
graph to zero. The adjustment can be
made from -7° to +7° , in 1° steps.
4. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current caliD5987-1
bration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
Note: You can also zero the rudder bar with the boat under way during
the initial seatrial, by manually steering a straight course then accessing
the RUDDER OFFSET screen in Pilot Seatrial Calibration, to adjust the offset.
Setting the rudder limit
Use the RUDDER LIMIT screen to set the limits of autopilot rudder control
just inside the mechanical end stop, to avoid putting the steering system
under unnecessary load.
In Pilot Advanced Calibration:
1. Use the
button to scroll to the RUDDER LIMIT page.
2. Use the wheel to move the rudder:
• To the port end stop and note the
angle.
• To the starboard end stop and note
the angle.
3. Use the or button to set the rudder
limit to 5° less than the lowest angle
you have noted The adjustment can be
made from 10° to 40° , in 1° steps.
4. To move to the next setting press the button, or to leave the current
calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 8 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-4-8
Section 8: Autopilots
Setting the rudder damping
Note: You need to adjust the rudder damping value only if the autopilot
‘hunts’ when trying to position the rudder. Increasing the rudder damping value reduces hunting.
In Pilot Advanced Calibration:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
RUDDER DAMPING page.
2. Use the or button to select the
required value. The adjustment can be
made from 1 to 9.
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
D5991-1
Save the new settings
When you have adjusted these basic settings, press the
button to leave
Pilot Advanced Calibration and save all setting changes.
Note: You must leave the calibration chapter by using the
button to
save all calibration changes. If the unit loses power or is powered off before this stage then all configuration changes made will be lost.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 9 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 4: Commissioning the Autopilot
8-4-9
4.3 Seatrial Calibration
When you have completed the dockside calibration, you must then
complete the setup by carrying out a short sea trial, using the Pilot Seatrial
Calibration mode. There are two stages in the Seatrial.
1. Compass calibration:
• Setting automatic deviation correction.
• Aligning the compass heading.
2. Optimizing the autopilot to your boat:
• Automatically, using an AutoLearn function, on 150G and 400G
autopilot systems.
• Manually on T150 and T400 (non-GyroPlus) autopilot systems.
Note: For more information about pilot calibration, refer to Section 8,
Chapter 5 of this handbook.
Seatrial safety
IMPORTANT
You can return to hand steering at any time during the seatrial by
pressing STANDBY, on the Pilot Keypad.
To ensure the seatrial is carried out safely and that results are valid, you
should perform the initial seatrial only:
• When you have successfully completed the dockside calibration.
• In waters that are clear of any obstructions with plenty of clear space
to maneuver.
• In conditions of light wind and calm water, so you can assess
autopilot performance without the influence of strong winds or large
waves.
Before you start your seatrial, ensure you have switched on the necessary
ancillary equipment, such as a GPS (to provide course over ground
(COG), speed over ground (SOG) and latitude (LAT) data), or a speed log
(to provide speed through the water). This information will help the
autopilot achieve best performance.
EMC conformance
Always check the installation before going to sea to make sure that it is
not affected by radio transmissions, engine starting etc.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 10 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-4-10
Section 8: Autopilots
Seatrial Calibration mode
To enter Pilot Seatrial Calibration:
1. Press STANDBY to return the autopilot to Standby mode.
2. Using an ST290 Graphic Display, enter User Setup, as described in
Section 7 of this handbook. Then press the button to scroll to the
PILOT SEATRIAL CAL. setup chapter.
Note: If you cannot access Seatrial Calibration, turn off the calibration
lock in Pilot Advanced Calibration.(see Section 8, Chapter 5).
Using the Calibration mode
When you enter a pilot calibration screen, press the
button to move
between the individual calibration pages, or hold down the
button to
move backwards through the calibration pages.
Use the
or
buttons to alter calibration values.
To move to the next setting press the
button. To leave the current
calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
Note: You must leave the calibration chapter by using the
button to
save all calibration changes. If the system loses power or is powered off
before this stage then all configuration changes made will be lost.
From/to ST290 Transducer
Calibration chapter
PILOT
SEATRIAL CAL.
Header page
PILOT
BASIC CAL.
PILOT
ADVANCED CAL.
Swing compass
Compass deviation
Align heading
Align rudder
AutoLearn start
AutoLearn pass/fail
To/from ST290
Data Units chapter
D6009-1
To move from
page to page
Figure 4-6: Pilot Seatrial Calibration mode
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 11 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 4: Commissioning the Autopilot
8-4-11
Step 1: Calibrating the compass
Note: This section does not apply if an NMEA compass is connected to
your autopilot system. In this case, refer to the information supplied with
the compass to determine the appropriate calibration routines.
Magnetic materials in the vicinity of the compass, can cause significant
compass errors. The compass calibration procedure (see Figure 4-7 )
reduces these errors to a few degrees, so you MUST perform this as the
first item in the seatrial.
Calibration is achieved by turning your boat in slow, wide circles, in calm
conditions and preferably on flat water (this is called ‘swinging the
compass’). For optimum calibration it is recommended that each turn of
the boat takes at least 2 minutes at a boat speed of under 2 knots.
If you fail to complete the deviation correction, autopilot
performance will be impaired.
Correcting for magnetic deviation
To correct for magnetic deviation, enter Seatrial Calibration, then:
1. Use the
button to scroll to the SWING COMPASS page.
2. Use the or buttons to select ON.
3. Check that there is enough clear sea space to complete the maneuvers
required.
4. Press the
button to begin the SWINGING COMPASS procedure.
5. Start turning your boat in slow, wide circles (typically 2 to 3 complete
turns will be needed):
• If the boat is turning too quickly, a TURN RATE TOO HIGH message
is displayed. Immediately reduce the rate of turn.
• If you have to stop the compass swing before completion, press
any button. If you do this, the message SWING ABORTED is displayed and the procedure will have to be restarted.
6. When the procedure is complete, the SWING COMPLETE screen is displayed, and the amount of deviation is shown.
Note: If the deviation figure exceeds 15° or the display shows no deviation value, the compass is being affected by ferrous objects on your boat
and you should move the compass to a better location. Higher deviation
figures are acceptable on steel boats but you must verify the compass accuracy with an independent reference.
7. Press the
button to proceed to the ALIGN HEADING page.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 12 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-4-12
Section 8: Autopilots
From
Pilot Basic
Calibration
chapter
Turn boat in slow circles so:
• boat's speed stays below 2 knots
• each circle takes at least 2 minutes
If SWING COMPASS
is ON
Minimum of
2 circles
If
SWING COMPASS
is OFF
Keep turning the boat until you
see the SWING COMPLETE screen
To AutoLearn, (via Align Rudder)
D6007-1
Figure 4-7: Autopilot compass calibration
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 13 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 4: Commissioning the Autopilot
8-4-13
Setting compass alignment
To carry out compass alignment, enter Seatrial Calibration, then:
1. Use the button to scroll to the ALIGN HEADING page.
2. Either:
• Steer your boat on a steady course
at a speed that enables you to hold
that course, then use the or
button to manually set the correct
heading value,
or
•
D6039-1
If you have GPS system installed, keep a steady course and to a
speed above 3 knots for 30 seconds to allow the COG and SOG
values to stabilize, then at the Graphic Display, press the button for 1 second to set the COG value as the heading value.
Heading alignment tips
You can check the compass alignment after completing the deviation
correction procedure (swinging the compass). After completing the
initial compass calibration, you can make further adjustments to the
alignment without swinging the compass again.
Although the compass calibration removes most of the alignment error,
small errors, of the order of a few degrees, may remain. These will vary
depending on the heading.
Check the heading reading against a number of known headings, plot a
deviation curve, and determine the heading alignment value that will give
the lowest average alignment error. You can then enter this value on the
Heading Alignment screen, as described above.
If the average heading error is more than 5° , you should perform the
compass deviation correction procedure again, circling more slowly and
in more favorable conditions.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 14 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-4-14
Section 8: Autopilots
Step 2: Adjusting autopilot settings
The next stage of the seatrial is to set important parameters that affect the
autopilot’s steering characteristics, i.e. rudder gain, counter rudder and
rudder trim. The manner in which you adjust these depends on the type of
autopilot system you are using:
• 150G and 400G autopilot systems have an AutoLearn facility that
automatically adjusts these parameters, to suit your boat.
• If you are using a T150 or T400 (non-GyroPlus) autopilot, you will
need to adjust these parameters manually.
Note: For a full explanation of the parameters set during the AutoLearn,
and how to adjust them manually, refer to Manual setup on page 8-4-17.
Using AutoLearn to adjust settings
WARNING:
The AutoLearn process requires a significant amount of CLEAR
SEA SPACE in front of the boat. The autopilot will take the boat
through a number of zig-zag maneuvers until it has acquired enough
data. If you need to cancel the AutoLearn at any time, press the
STANDBY button to gain manual control of the boat.
At
le
a
st
0
.2
5
At
l
nm
(5
0
0
m
)o
fc
le
ar
s
ea
of st
cl 0.0
ea 4
r s nm
ea
sp (10
ac 0 m
e )
ea
sp
ac
e
d
in
W
MINUTE
(approximately)
D5495-1
Figure 4-8: AutoLearn maneuvers
If you are using a 150G or 400G autopilot system, use AutoLearn to set
rudder gain, counter rudder and rudder trim. Before commencing
AutoLearn, ensure that you have at least the amount of clear sea space
shown in Figure 4-8 .
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 15 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 4: Commissioning the Autopilot
8-4-15
To carry out AutoLearn, enter Seatrial Calibration, then:
1. Use the button to scroll to the PILOT AUTOLEARN screen in Seatrial
Calibration (Figure 4-9 ).
2. Use the or buttons to select ON.
The step number
increments to show
progress
OR
AutoLearn complete
To Pilot Calibration Swing Compass page
D6008-1
Figure 4-9: Using AutoLearn
3. Steer straight ahead, with the rudder centered and prepare to start the
AutoLearn process:
• Power boats: set the boat’s speed between 8 and 15 knots. Planing boats should be OFF the plane.
• Sail boats: with sails down, motor the boat at typical cruising
speed.
• If conditions are not calm, head into the wind and waves.
4. When you are ready to start the AutoLearn, press the
button.
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8-4-16
Section 8: Autopilots
5. The screen will then show the CLEAR TO MANEUVER? message. Check
that you have enough sea room to carry out the AutoLearn, and if so,
press the Pilot Keypad AUTO button to start the AutoLearn process:
• The boat will start the AutoLearn process.
• The Graphic Display will show a learning progress screen.
Progress is indicated by a number that increments as each
AutoLearn step is completed.
• A typical AutoLearn is completed in 7 to 27 steps, depending on
boat characteristics and sea conditions.
Note: If you need to cancel the AutoLearn for any reason, press the Pilot
Keypad STANDBY button.
6. When the autopilot has finished learning, the control unit will beep
and a PILOT AUTOLEARN STATUS page is displayed. This shows:
• PASS if the AutoLearn completed successfully.
• FAIL if the AutoLearn was not successful. In this case, the
AutoLearn should be repeated again.
Common failure codes are:
LRN FAIL 1 = AutoLearn has not been carried out.
LRN FAIL 2 = AutoLearn failed, due to manual interruption.
LRN FAIL 4 = AutoLearn failed, probably due to drive or compass
failure.
This completes the commissioning for 150G and 400G autopilot
systems. The only setting you may now need to adjust is the response
level (see Section 8, Chapter 2).
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Chapter 4: Commissioning the Autopilot
8-4-17
Manual set-up
The T150 or T400 (non-GyroPlus) autopilot systems do not support
AutoLearn. If you have one of these systems, you need to manually adjust
the rudder gain, counter rudder and AutoTrim settings, based on your
observations of the boat’s performance under autopilot control.
Adjust these settings when motoring your boat at cruising speed. On
sail boats, repeat if necessary under sail to optimize the pilot.
Checking autopilot operation
Before manually adjusting any of these settings, familiarize yourself with
basic autopilot operation:
1. Steer onto a compass heading and hold the course steady. If necessary, control the boat manually for a while to check how the boat
steers.
2. At the Pilot Keypad, press the AUTO button, to lock onto the current
heading. The autopilot should hold a constant heading in calm sea
conditions.
3. Use the Pilot Keypad -1, +1, -10 and +10 buttons to check how the
autopilot alters the course to port and starboard in multiples of 1° and
10° .
4. Press the Pilot Keypad STANDBY button, to return to hand steering.
Adjusting the rudder gain
Boats can vary widely in their response to helm, and by adjusting the
rudder gain you can change the autopilot’s steering characteristics.
RUDDER GAIN is a measure of how much helm the autopilot applies to
correct course errors – higher settings mean more rudder is applied.
You will find it easiest to recognize the steering response in calm sea
conditions where wave action does not mask basic steering performance.
Complete the following test to determine whether the rudder gain is set
correctly:
1. Set RESPONSE to level 2. To do this:
i. At the Pilot Keypad, press the RESP button.
ii. Use the -1 or +1 button to adjust the setting
iii. Press the Pilot Keypad DISP button or wait for 10 seconds.
2. Sail your boat at cruising speed in clear water.
3. Press the Pilot Keypad AUTO button, to enter Auto mode, then using
the -10 or +10 buttons, alter course by 40° :
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8-4-18
Section 8: Autopilots
•
•
•
If the rudder gain is adjusted correctly, the 40° course change
should result in a crisp turn followed by an overshoot of no more
than 5° .
If the rudder gain setting is too high, the 40° course change will
result in a distinct overshoot of more than 5° and there may be a
distinct ‘S’ in the course (see A in Figure 4-10 ).
Correct this oversteer by reducing the rudder gain setting.
If the rudder gain is too low, the boat’s performance will be sluggish. It will take a long time to make the 40° turn and there will be
no overshoot (see B in Figure 4-10 ).
Correct this understeer by increasing the rudder gain setting.
If you need to adjust the rudder gain:
1. Access Pilot Advanced Calibration
and use the button to scroll to the
RUDDER GAIN screen.
2. Use the or button to adjust the
rudder gain.
3. To save the setting change, press the
button.
D5989-1
4. Press AUTO to check the autopilot performance in Auto mode.
New
heading
B
New
heading
A
Rudder gain
too low
New
heading
Rudder gain
too high
Correct
rudder gain
D3262-2
Figure 4-10:Rudder gain settings
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Chapter 4: Commissioning the Autopilot
8-4-19
Adjusting the counter rudder
If you intend to use RESPONSE level 3 on a T150 or T400 (non-GyroPlus)
autopilot system, you will need to adjust the COUNTER RUDDER. Counter
rudder is the amount of rudder the autopilot applies to control the yaw of
the boat. Higher counter rudder settings result in more rudder being
applied. The adjustment range is from 1 to 9.
To check the counter rudder setting:
1. Set RESPONSE to level 3. To do this:
i. At the Pilot Keypad, press the RESP button.
ii. Use the -1 or +1 button to adjust the setting.
iii. Press the Pilot Keypad DISP button or wait for 10 seconds.
2. Sail your boat at cruising speed in clear water.
3. At the Pilot Keypad, press AUTO to switch the autopilot to Auto mode,
then use the -10 and +10 buttons to make a 90° course change:
• When gain and counter rudder are both set correctly, the boat performs a smooth continuous turn with minimal overshoot.
• If the counter rudder is too low, the boat will still overshoot.
• If counter rudder is too high, the boat will ‘fight’ the turn and
make a series of short, sharp turns: this results in a very ‘mechanical’ feel as the boat changes course.
To adjust the counter rudder:
1. Access Pilot Advanced Calibration
and use the button to scroll to the
COUNTER RUDDER screen.
2. Use the or button to adjust the
rudder level. The adjustment can be
made from 1 to 9.
3. To save the setting change, press the
button.
D5990-1
4. Press AUTO to check the autopilot performance in Auto mode.
This completes the commissioning for T150 and T400 autopilot
systems, although over time it may be necessary to repeat the
adjustments for T150 or T400 (non-GyroPlus) autopilot systems, for a
range of sea conditions and headings, to maintain good overall
performance (see Further adjustments below).
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8-4-20
Section 8: Autopilots
Further adjustments
You may also need to adjust the RUDDER TRIM setting. Rudder trim
determines how quickly the autopilot applies ‘standing helm’ to correct
for trim changes, caused for example, by changes in the wind load on the
sails or superstructure, or an imbalance of engines.
Before attempting to adjust the rudder trim setting, use your autopilot for
a period of time, to gain experience. On sail boats you can only evaluate
the effect of rudder trim while under sail.
Although an increase in rudder trim level reduces the time the autopilot
takes to get back onto the correct course, it also makes the boat less stable.
Therefore:
• If the autopilot gives unstable course keeping and the boat snakes
around the desired course, decrease the rudder trim level.
• If the autopilot hangs off course for excessive periods of time,
increase the rudder trim level.
If necessary, use the RUDDER TRIM screen to change the setting. The
possible settings range from OFF (no trim correction) to 4 (fastest trim
correction). Always adjust in single steps and use the lowest acceptable
value.
To adjust the Rudder Trim:
1. Access Pilot Advanced Calibration
and use the button to scroll to the
RUDDER TRIM screen.
2. Use the or button to adjust the
rudder trim level.
3. To save the setting change, press the
button.
4. Press AUTO to check the autopilot performance in Auto mode.
D5992-1
Note: 150G and 400G autopilots have a ‘FastTrim’ feature within Rudder Trim. Select RUDDER TRIM OFF to disable both FastTrim and Rudder
Trim.
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8-5-1
Chapter 5: Adjusting Autopilot Settings
5.1 Introduction
This chapter is intended primarily as reference material to provide an
overall picture of the autopilot calibration settings you can adjust to best
suit your operating requirements, and to give details of the autopilot
factory default settings. You will have adjusted many of these settings
when commissioning the system, and they should not require further
adjustment.
Note: Before adjusting any calibration settings, complete the commissioning procedures described in Section 8, Chapter 4.
Calibration groups
There are three pilot calibration groups, namely Pilot Basic, Pilot Seatrial
and Pilot Advanced Calibration.
Each calibration group uses a series of screens to set calibration values.
The exact structure of each group is dependent on which Vessel Type is
selected in Pilot Advanced Calibration. For example, if POWER BOAT is
selected, some options relating to wind settings will not be available.
Pilot Basic Calibration
The Pilot Basic Calibration settings are those you may need to change on
a regular basis, to optimize performance in changing conditions.
Pilot Seatrial Calibration
As Pilot Seatrial Calibration is specifically designed for use during the
initial autopilot seatrial (see Section 8, Chapter 4), you should not need
to change these settings during normal autopilot operation.
Pilot Advanced Calibration
Pilot Advanced Calibration has a significant impact on autopilot
operation and can affect your boat’s safety. You should not normally
need to alter the Pilot Advanced Calibration values, once you have
completed the initial installation and seatrial.
Pilot Advanced Calibration should be carried out only by suitablyqualified personnel. DO NOT attempt to use these procedures if you do
not have an in-depth knowledge of setting up Raymarine autopilots
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8-5-2
Section 8: Autopilots
5.2 Accessing Pilot Calibration
To carry out Pilot calibration procedures, use an ST290 Graphic Display,
with PILOT CAL enabled, as follows:
1. Enter the ST290 User Setup mode (see Section 7, System Setup).
2. Use the
button to move to the required Pilot setup chapter, either,
PILOT BASIC CAL, PILOT SEATRIAL CAL or PILOT ADVANCED CAL.
3. Adjust the required settings.
General instructions
Throughout this chapter, all button presses are made at the Graphical
Display unless otherwise stated.
When you enter a pilot calibration screen, press the
button to move
between the individual calibration pages, or hold down the
button to
move backwards through the calibration pages. Use the or buttons
to alter calibration values.
To move to the next setting press the
button or to leave the current
calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
Note: You must leave the calibration chapter by using the
button to
save all calibration changes. If the system loses power or is powered off
before this stage then all configuration changes made will be lost.
Chapter button
(also used to set backlighting
& contrast)
Page button
Up button
Down button
Select button
D5354-1
Figure 5-1: The ST290 Graphic Display
5.3 Pilot Basic Calibration
With the PILOT BASIC CAL chapter selected at an ST290 Graphic Display,
use the
button to move to the required setup screen. Typical PILOT
BASIC CAL screens are shown in Figure 5-2 .
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Chapter 5: Adjusting Autopilot Settings
From Transducer
calibration chapter
8-5-3
Header page
AUTOTACK ANGLE
(SAIL BOAT ONLY)
RESPONSE LEVEL
WINDTRIM
Press
to
advance clockwise
through the
calibration options
(SAIL BOAT ONLY)
GYBE INHIBIT
(SAIL BOAT ONLY)
WIND MODE
(SAIL BOAT ONLY)
To PILOT SEATRIAL CAL
D5981-1
Figure 5-2: Pilot Basic calibration
AutoTack angle
Note: The AUTOTACK ANGLE function is only active if the vessel type is set
as SAIL BOAT.
The AutoTack angle is the angle through which the boat will turn when
you select an automatic tack.
Relative (Mirror) tacks
You can also set the AUTOTACK
ANGLE function to perform relative
tacks.
Relative Tack
WIND
When a relative tack is executed,
the boat turns so that the angle to
the wind is mirrored.
Note: When using AutoTack in
wind vane mode, your system will
automatically trim to the mirrored
angle having turned through the
set angle first.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
= =
A relative tack will turn the boat
to mirror the present wind angle
Figure 5-3: Relative Tacks
D6055-1
If you wish to use relative tacking,
set the AUTOTACK ANGLE parameter to RELATIVE.
81183_2 S8.book Page 4 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-5-4
Section 8: Autopilots
To configure AUTOTACK ANGLE:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
AUTOTACK ANGLE page.
2. Use the or button to adjust the
Auto Tack angle. The adjustment can
be made from 40° to 125° , in 1° steps.
To set a relative tack, press the button when the value reads 40° and the
value RELATIVE will be displayed.
D6090-1
3. To move to the next setting press the button, or to leave the current
calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
Gybe inhibit
Note: The GYBE INHIBIT function is only active if the vessel type is set as
SAIL BOAT.
The gybe inhibit feature can prevent accidental gybes by not allowing
AutoTacks away from the wind.
To configure GYBE INHIBIT:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
GYBE INHIBIT page.
2. Use the or button to select or
deselect Gybe Inhibit.
With GYBE INHIBIT ON, you can only
perform an AutoTack into the wind.
D6091-1
With GYBE INHIBIT OFF, you can perform an AUTO TACK into or away
from the wind
3. To move to the next setting press the button, or to leave the current
calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
Wind mode
Note: The WIND MODE function is only active if the vessel type is set as
SAIL BOAT and appropriate wind data is present.
Use the WIND MODE screen to determine whether the boat steers to the
APPARENT or TRUE wind angle in WIND VANE mode.
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Chapter 5: Adjusting Autopilot Settings
8-5-5
To configure WIND MODE:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
WIND MODE page.
2. Use the or button to select true or
apparent wind mode.
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
D6092-1
WindTrim response
Note: The WINDTRIM RESPONSE function is only active if the vessel type is
set as SAIL BOAT.
Use the WINDTRIM RESPONSE screen to determine how quickly the
autopilot responds to changes in the wind direction.
To configure WINDTRIM RESPONSE:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
WINDTRIM RESPONSE page.
2. Use the or button to select the
response level. The adjustment can be
made from 1 to 9 and typical settings
are between 4 and 6.
D6093-1
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
If a lower value (1 to 3) is used, the autopilot responds to longer term
changes in wind resulting in less autopilot activity.
If a higher value (7 to 9) is used, the autopilot responds to shorter term
changes in wind resulting in more autopilot activity.
Response level
The autopilot response level controls the relationship between course
keeping accuracy and the amount of helm/drive activity. Although you
can make temporary changes to response during normal operation, the
DEFAULT RESPONSE value you set here is the response level at power up.
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8-5-6
Section 8: Autopilots
To configure DEFAULT RESPONSE:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
DEFAULT RESPONSE page.
2. Use the or button to select the
response level. The adjustment can be
made from 1 to 9 (1 to 3 for T150 &
T400 systems - see below)
D6094-1
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
150G & 400G autopilot systems
150G and 400G autopilot systems have nine response level options:
Level 1 gives the least pilot activity to conserve power, but may
compromise short-term course-keeping accuracy
Levels 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp, well-controlled
turns under normal operating conditions
Level 9 gives the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder activity, but
may lead to a rough passage in open waters as the autopilot may ‘fight’
the sea
T150 & T400 autopilot systems
T150 and T400 (non-GyroPlus) autopilot systems have three response
level options:
Level 1 - AutoSeastate on (Automatic deadband)
•
•
Autopilot gradually ignores repetitive boat movements and only
reacts to true variations in course
Provides the best compromise between power consumption and
course keeping accuracy
Level 2 - AutoSeastate off (minimum deadband)
•
•
Provides tighter course keeping
Increased power consumption and drive unit activity
Level 3 - AutoSeastate off and counter rudder yaw damping.
•
Provides tightest possible course keeping by introducing counter rudder yaw damping
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Chapter 5: Adjusting Autopilot Settings
8-5-7
5.4 Pilot Seatrial Calibration
The Seatrial Calibration group is specifically intended for use during the
initial seatrial when commissioning your autopilot. Refer to Section 8,
Chapter 4, for details.
You should not need to access Seatrial Calibration to adjust settings
during normal autopilot operation.
5.5 Pilot Advanced Calibration
WARNING:
Many of the Pilot Advanced Calibration procedures affect your
boat’s safety, and should therefore be carried out only by suitablyqualified personnel. Do not attempt any of these procedures if you do
not have an in-depth knowledge of the requirement for setting up
Raymarine autopilots.
The Pilot Advanced Calibration group includes items that have a
significant impact on autopilot operation, and is therefore intended for
use only by autopilot engineers.
If you have successfully carried out the Pilot Basic Calibration
procedures earlier in this chapter and have commissioned the autopilot
using the procedures in Section 8, Chapter 4, you should not normally
need to alter the Pilot Advanced Calibration values.
The items in Pilot Advanced Calibration vary according to the vessel type
you have selected. See the table on page 8-5-23 for default values.
Calibration structure
The structure of the Pilot Advanced Calibration procedures, is shown in
Figure 5-4
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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8-5-8
Section 8: Autopilots
.
From
PILOT SEATRIAL CAL
chapter
Header page
to Data Units
setup chapter
Confirm calibration entry
SEATRIAL CAL LOCK
AUTOPILOT RESET
VESSEL TYPE
Momentary
DRIVE TYPE
LATITUDE
TURNING ERROR CORRECTION
RUDDER OFFSET
1 second
CRUISE SPEED
RUDDER LIMIT
WINDTRIM
(SAIL BOAT ONLY)
WIND MODE
RUDDER GAIN
To adjust values:
1.
(SAIL BOAT ONLY)
or
to set value
GYBE INHIBIT
2.
(SAIL BOAT ONLY)
momentary
or for 1 sec
AUTOTACK ANGLE
(SAIL BOAT ONLY)
to move to
next or prev setting
COUNTER RUDDER
RUDDER DAMPING
AUTOTRIM
3.
AUTORELEASE
(STERN DRIVE ONLY)
to save settings
and exit
calibration chapter
RESPONSE LEVEL
TURN RATE LIMIT
OFF COURSE WARNING ANGLE
(NOT SAIL BOAT)
D5982-2
Figure 5-4: Pilot Advanced Calibration
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Chapter 5: Adjusting Autopilot Settings
8-5-9
SeaTrial Calibration lock
This SEATRIAL CAL LOCK screen enables you to lock and unlock access to
the Seatrial Calibration screens.
To configure SEATRIAL CAL LOCK:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
SEATRIAL CAL LOCK page.
2. Use the or button to select:
OFF - to give access to the Seatrial calibration routines.
ON - to prevent access to the Seatrial
calibration routines.
D5984-1
3. To move to the next setting press the button, or to leave the current
calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
Vessel type
This should be set when commissioning the autopilot (see Section 8,
Chapter 4). To configure VESSEL TYPE:
1. Use the
button to scroll to the VESSEL TYPE page.
2. Use the or button to select the
appropriate vessel type. The options
are:
SAIL BOAT
WORK BOAT
STERN DRIVE- Planing powerboat with
I/O drive (stern drive).
PLANING - Planing powerboat.
SEMI-DISPLACEMENT - Semi-displacement powerboat.
DISPLACEMENT - Displacement powerboat.
D5985-1
3. To move to the next setting press the button, or to leave the current
calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
Note: When you choose the vessel type, the autopilot will set appropriate
defaults for the other calibration settings. Refer to the table at the end of
this section for default values.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
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8-5-10
Section 8: Autopilots
Drive type
Use the DRIVE TYPE screen to set the appropriate autopilot drive type for
your vessel. This should be set when commissioning the autopilot
(see Section 8, Chapter 4).
To configure DRIVE TYPE:
1. Use the
button to scroll to the DRIVE TYPE page.
2. Use the or button to highlight the
appropriate drive type. The options are:
SOLENOID - for solenoid valve, spool
valve or constant running pump drive
systems.
HYDRAULIC - for hydraulic drives.
MECHANICAL - for mechanical drives.
D5986-1
3. To move to the next setting press the button, or to leave the current
calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
Rudder offset
Use the RUDDER OFFSET screen to center the rudder bar display after
installing the autopilot system. To configure RUDDER OFFSET:
1. Use the
button to scroll to the RUDDER OFFSET page.
2. Use the wheel to manually center the
rudder.
3. Use the or button to adjust the bar
graph to zero. The adjustment can be
made from -7° to +7°, in 1° steps.
4. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current caliD5987-1
bration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
Note: You can also zero the rudder bar with the boat underway during
the initial seatrial, by manually steering a straight course then accessing
the RUDDER OFFSET screen in Seatrial Calibration, to adjust the offset.
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Chapter 5: Adjusting Autopilot Settings
8-5-11
Rudder limit
Use the RUDDER LIMIT screen to set the limits of autopilot rudder control
just inside the mechanical end stop, to avoid putting the steering system
under unnecessary load.
To configure RUDDER LIMIT:
1. Use the
button to scroll to the RUDDER LIMIT page.
2. Use the or button to adjust the
limit value. The adjustment can be
made from 10° to 40° , in 1° steps
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
D5988-1
Rudder gain
Use the RUDDER GAIN screen to set the default rudder gain setting.
Rudder gain is a measure of how much helm the autopilot will apply to
correct course errors. The higher the setting the more rudder will be
applied. You can make temporary changes to the rudder gain value during
normal operation (see Section 8, Chapter 2).The default rudder gain is
usually set during the initial seatrial.
If you need to adjust the rudder gain:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
DEFAULT RUDDER GAIN screen.
2. Use the or button to adjust the
rudder gain.
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
D5989-1
Note: The rudder gain on 150G and 400G autopilots is adjusted automatically during the AutoLearn process. Manual adjustment of Rudder
gain is required for T150 and T400 autopilots (see Section 8, Chapter 4).
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8-5-12
Section 8: Autopilots
Counter rudder
Use the COUNTER RUDDER screen to set the required counter rudder value.
Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the autopilot applies, to control
the yaw of the boat. Higher counter rudder settings result in more rudder
being applied. The default rudder gain is set during the initial seatrial.
To adjust the counter rudder:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
COUNTER RUDDER screen.
2. Use the or button to adjust the
counter rudder level The adjustment
can be made from 1 to 9.
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
D5990-1
Note: Counter rudder on 150G and 400G autopilots is adjusted automatically during the AutoLearn process. Manual adjustment of Counter rudder is required for T150 and T400 autopilots (see Section 8, Chapter 4).
Rudder damping
If the autopilot ‘hunts’ when trying to position the rudder (see Section 8,
Chapter 4), adjust the rudder damping value by using the RUDDER
DAMPING screen to set a different value. Increasing the rudder damping
value reduces hunting.
To adjust the rudder damping:
1. Use the button to scroll to the RUDDER DAMPING page.
2. Use the or button to select the
required value. The adjustment can be
made from 1 to 9.
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
D5991-1
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Chapter 5: Adjusting Autopilot Settings
8-5-13
Rudder trim
The RUDDER TRIM setting determines the rate at which the autopilot
applies ‘standing helm’ to correct for trim changes caused by varying
wind loads on the sails or superstructure or an imbalance of engines.
The default rudder trim is set when commissioning the autopilot:
• 150G and 400G autopilots will adjust the AutoTrim setting automatically during the AutoLearn (see Section 8, Chapter 4).
• T150 and T400 require manual adjustment of Rudder Trim
(see Section 8, Chapter 4) after the initial seatrial.
Before attempting to adjust the rudder trim setting, use your autopilot for
a period of time, to gain experience. On sail boats you can only evaluate
the effect of rudder trim while under sail.
Although an increase in rudder trim level reduces the time the autopilot
takes to get back onto the correct course, it also makes the boat less stable.
Therefore:
• If the autopilot gives unstable course keeping and the boat snakes
around the desired course, decrease the rudder trim level.
• If the autopilot hangs off course for excessive periods of time,
increase the rudder trim level.
If necessary, use the RUDDER TRIM screen to change the setting. The
possible settings range from OFF (no trim correction) to 4 (fastest trim
correction). Always adjust in single steps and use the lowest acceptable
value.
To adjust the Rudder Trim:
1. Use the button to scroll to the RUDDER TRIM screen.
2. Use the or button to adjust the
rudder trim level.
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current caliD5992-1
bration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
Note: 150G and 400G autopilots have a ‘FastTrim’ feature within Rudder Trim. Select RUDDER TRIM OFF to disable both FastTrim and Rudder
Trim.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 14 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-5-14
Section 8: Autopilots
Response level
Use the DEFAULT RESPONSE screen to set the autopilot response. The
autopilot response level controls the relationship between course keeping
accuracy and the amount of helm/drive activity. Although you can make
temporary changes to response during normal operation, the value you
set here is the response level at power up.
To configure the default response:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
DEFAULT RESPONSE page.
2. Use the or button to select the
response level. The adjustment can be
made from 1 to 9 (1 to 3 for T150 &
T400 systems - see below).
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
D5994-1
150G & 400G autopilot systems
150G and 400G autopilot systems have nine response level options:
Level 1 gives the least pilot activity to conserve power, but may
compromise short-term course-keeping accuracy
Levels 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp, well-controlled
turns under normal operating conditions
Level 9 gives the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder activity, but
may lead to a rough passage in open waters as the autopilot may ‘fight’
the sea
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8 Chap 5.fm Page 15 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 2:39 PM
Chapter 5: Adjusting Autopilot Settings
8-5-15
T150 & T400 autopilot systems
T150 and T400 (non-GyroPlus) autopilot systems have three response
level options:
Level 1 - AutoSeastate on (Automatic deadband)
•
•
Autopilot gradually ignores repetitive boat movements and only
reacts to true variations in course
Provides the best compromise between power consumption and
course keeping accuracy
Level 2 - AutoSeastate off (minimum deadband)
•
•
Provides tighter course keeping
Increased power consumption and drive unit activity
Level 3 - AutoSeastate off and counter rudder yaw damping.
•
Provides tightest possible course keeping by introducing counter rudder yaw damping
Turn rate limit
Note: Not available if the vessel type is set to SAIL BOAT.
Use the TURN RATE LIMIT screen to set the maximum turn rate allowable
under autopilot control.
To adjust the turn rate limit:
1. Use the button to scroll to the TURN
RATE LIMIT page.
2. Use the or button to select the
required value. The adjustment can be
made from 1° per second to 30° per
second in 1° steps.
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
D5993-1
81183_2 S8 Chap 5.fm Page 16 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 2:39 PM
8-5-16
Section 8: Autopilots
Off course warning angle
Use the OFF COURSE ALARM screen to set the angle which will activate the
Off Course warning. This sounds if the pilot strays off course by more
than the specified angle for more than 20 seconds.
To adjust the off course alarm:
1. Use the button to scroll to the OFF
COURSE ALARM page.
2. Use the or button to select the
required value. The adjustment can be
made from 15° to 40° in 1° steps.
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
D6032-1
Locked heading
Boat heading
15˚ minimum
D3264-2
Figure 5-5: Off course warning angle
AutoRelease (I/O drives only)
Note: AutoRelease is only available if the vessel type is set to STERNDRIVE.
AutoRelease provides emergency manual over-ride in situations when
you need to avoid an obstacle at the last moment. If the vessel type is set
to STERN DRIVE (I/O or stern drive), the default setting is AutoRelease ON.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8 Chap 5.fm Page 17 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 2:39 PM
Chapter 5: Adjusting Autopilot Settings
8-5-17
To adjust the AutoRelease setting:
1. Use the button to scroll to the AUTO
RELEASE page.
2. Use the or button to select ON or
OFF.
3. To move to the next setting press the
button or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting.
changes, press the
button.
D5995-1
AutoTack angle
Note: The autotack angle function is active only if the vessel type is set as
SAIL BOAT.
The AutoTack angle is the angle through which the boat will turn when
you select an automatic tack.
Relative (Mirror) tacks
You can also set the AUTOTACK
ANGLE function to perform relative
tacks.
Relative Tack
WIND
When a relative tack is executed,
the boat turns so that the angle to
the wind is mirrored.
Note: When using AutoTack in
wind vane mode, your system will
automatically trim to the mirrored
angle having turned through the
set angle first.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
= =
A relative tack will turn the boat
to mirror the present wind angle
Figure 5-6: Relative Tacks
D6055-1
If you want to use relative tacking,
set the AUTOTACK ANGLE parameter to RELATIVE.
81183_2 S8 Chap 5.fm Page 18 Wednesday, May 7, 2003 2:39 PM
8-5-18
Section 8: Autopilots
To configure the AutoTack angle:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
AUTOTACK ANGLE page.
2. Use the or button to adjust the
Auto Tack angle. The adjustment can
be made from 40° to 125° , in 1° steps.
To set a relative tack, press the button when the value reads 40° and the
value RELATIVE will be displayed.
D5996-1
3. To move to the next setting press the button, or to leave the current
calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
Gybe inhibit
Note: The gybe inhibit function is active only if the vessel type is set as
SAIL BOAT.
The gybe inhibit function can prevent accidental gybes by not allowing
AutoTacks away from the wind.
To configure the gybe inhibit function:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
GYBE INHIBIT page.
2. Use the or button to make the
required selection:
• ON GYBES INHIBITED, you can only
perform an AutoTack into the wind.
• OFF GYBES ALLOWED, you can perform an AutoTack into or away
from the wind
D5999-1
3. To move to the next setting press the button, or to leave the current
calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
Wind mode
Note: The Wind mode function is active only if the vessel type is set as
SAIL BOAT and appropriate wind data is present.
Use the WIND MODE screen to determine whether the boat steers to the
APPARENT or TRUE wind angle in Wind Vane mode.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 19 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 5: Adjusting Autopilot Settings
8-5-19
To configure the Wind mode:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
WIND MODE page.
2. Use the or button to select
APPARENT WIND or TRUE WIND.
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
D5997-1
WindTrim response
Note: The WindTrim response function is active only if the vessel type is
set as SAIL BOAT.
Use the WINDTRIM RESPONSE screen to determine how quickly the
autopilot responds to changes in the wind direction.
To configure the WindTrim response:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
WINDTRIM RESPONSE page.
2. Use the or button to select the
response level. The adjustment can be
made from 1 to 9 and typical settings
are between 4 and 6.
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
D6000-1
If a lower value (1 to 3) is used, the autopilot responds to longer term
changes in wind resulting in less autopilot activity.
If a higher value (7 to 9) is used, the autopilot responds to shorter term
changes in wind resulting in more autopilot activity.
Cruise speed
Use the CRUISE SPEED screen to define the boat’s typical cruising
speed.This is the speed the autopilot will use to compute course changes,
if both the boat’s speed through the water and speed over ground readings
are unavailable.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 20 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-5-20
Section 8: Autopilots
To adjust the cruise speed:
1. Use the button to scroll to the
CRUISE SPEED page.
2. Use the or button to adjust the
Cruise Speed. The adjustment can be
made from 4 to 60 knots.
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
D5998-1
Turning error correction (T150 and T400 systems only)
Turning error correction allows the autopilot to compensate for heading
errors, which are caused by the increasing dip of the earth’s magnetic
field at higher latitudes. The increased dip has the effect of amplifying
rudder response on northerly headings in the northern hemisphere, and
on southerly headings in the southern hemisphere.
rth
No
without
compensation
rth
No
with
compensation
D3263-2P
Figure 5-7: Turning error correction
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 21 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 5: Adjusting Autopilot Settings
8-5-21
To set the required correction:
1. Use the button to scroll to the AUTO
ADAPT page.
2. Use the or button to select the
required setting. The options are:
• OFF - no correction.
• NORTH - correction for northern
hemisphere.
• SOUTH - correction for southern
hemisphere.
D6089-1
To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current
calibration chapter and save all setting changes, press the
button.
If you select either NORTH or SOUTH, you must then use the LATITUDE
screen to enter your current latitude, so that the autopilot can provide
accurate course keeping by automatically adjusting the rudder gain
depending on the heading.
Latitude
Note: The LATITUDE screen is available only if you have set Turning Error Correction to NORTH or SOUTH.
To set the latitude:
1. Use the button to scroll to the LATITUDE page.
2. Use the or button to select the latitude. The adjustment can be made
from 0° to 80° in 1° steps.
3. To move to the next setting press the
button, or to leave the current calibration chapter and save all setting
changes, press the
button.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
D6046-1
81183_2 S8.book Page 22 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
8-5-22
Section 8: Autopilots
Autopilot reset
WARNING:
Do NOT use this feature unless advised to do so by a Raymarine
dealer. If you complete a reset you will lose ALL autopilot
calibration settings. You will then need to repeat the autopilot
commissioning process.
Selecting an autopilot reset will reset all of the settings in Basic
Calibration, Seatrial Calibration and Advanced Calibration to the factory
default values.
To reset the autopilot:
1. Use the button to scroll to the RESET
PILOT page.
2. Use the button to set the CURRENT
SETTING ON.
3. Press the
button. You will then see
an ARE YOU SURE? message. Either:
• Press the button again to select
YES and reset the autopilot.
D6036-1
OR
•
If you want to cancel, ensure that
NO is selected and press the
button to leave Pilot calibration.
D6034-1
4. To save the setting change, turn the course computer power off and
back on.
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S8.book Page 23 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 5: Adjusting Autopilot Settings
8-5-23
Pilot Advanced Calibration defaults
Calibration
setting
Vessel type
0
DISPLACE
Drive type
MECHAN
ICAL
HYDRA
ULIC
HYDRA
ULIC
HYDRA
ULIC
Rudder offset
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Rudder limit
30
30
30
20
20
30
30
Rudder gain
4
5
4
4
4
5
2
Counter rudder
4
3
5
5
5
2
2
Rudder damping
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
Rudder trim
2
2
3
3
3
2
1
Response: with G
non-G
5
2
5
2
5
2
5
2
5
2
5
2
5
2
Turn rate limit
5
5
5
5
5
5
---
Off course angle
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
AutoRelease
OFF
---
---
---
ON
---
---
AutoTack angle
100
---
---
---
---
---
100
Gybe inhibit
ON
---
---
---
---
---
ON
Wind mode
APPARENT
---
---
---
---
---
APPARENT
WindTrim response
5
---
---
---
---
---
5
Cruise speed
8
8
8
8
20
8
8
NORTH
NORTH
NORTH
NORTH
NORTH
NORTH
NORTH
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
Turning error corr.
Latitude
Autopilot reset
Sail boat
OFF
Work boat
Semi Displacement
OFF
Stern drive (I/O)
Displacement
OFF
Calibration lock
Planing
Factory default
Vessel type
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
STERN
DRIVE
WORK
BOAT
SAIL
BOAT
SEMI
PLANING
DISPLACE
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
MECHAN SOLENOID MECHAN
ICAL
ICAL
81183_2 S8.book Page 25 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:08 AM
Chapter 5: Adjusting Autopilot Settings
8-5-25
Advanced Calibration options
Calibration setting
Calibration lock
Options
OFF, ON
Vessel type
DISPLACEMENT, SEMI DISPLACEMENT, PLANING,
STERN DRIVE, WORK BOAT, SAIL BOAT
Drive type
MECHANICAL, HYDRAULIC, SOLENOID,
UNIVERSAL I/O, STANDARD I/O
Rudder offset
-7 to +7
Rudder limit
10 to 40
Rudder gain
1 to 9
Counter rudder
1 to 9
Rudder damping
1 to 9
Rudder trim
0 to 4
Response
Turn rate limit
Off course angle
1 to 9 (150G/400G)
1 to 3 (T150/T400)
1 to 30 (NOT Sailboat)
15 to 40
AutoRelease
OFF, ON (Sterndrive only)
AutoTack angle
30 to 125 (Sailboat only)
Gybe inhibit
OFF, ON (Sailboat only)
Wind mode
APPARENT, TRUE (Sailboat only)
WindTrim response
Cruise speed
Turning error corr.
1 to 9 (Sailboat only)
4 to 60
OFF, NORTH, SOUTH
Latitude
0 to 80
Autopilot reset
OFF, ON
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
Your settings
81183_2 S9.book Page i Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:13 AM
Section 9: Glossary
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S9.book Page 1 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:13 AM
9-1-1
Glossary
AST
Advanced Steering Technology. Inputs from a wide variety of sensors are used to
tune autopilot operation and provide superior control of the boat in any
condition.
AutoLearn
Autopilot self-learning calibration feature. Available on 150G and 400G
autopilot systems.
AutoTrim
AutoTrim determines the rate at which the autopilot applies ‘standing helm’ to
correct for trim changes caused by varying wind loads on the sails or
superstructure.
AVE
Average
AWA
Apparent Wind Angle (relative to the vessel)
AWS
Apparent Wind Speed
BTW
Bearing To Waypoint
CAN
Control Area Network
COG
Course Over Ground. Available from GPS.
Counter rudder The amount of rudder an autopilot applies to try to prevent the boat from yawing
off course. Higher settings result in more rudder being applied.
CTS
Course To Steer
DMG
Distance Made Good
DTW
Distance To Waypoint
ETA
Estimated Time of Arrival
GAL
Gallon(s)
GPS
Global Positioning System
G/H
Gallons per hour
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S9.book Page 2 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:13 AM
9-1-2
Section 9: Glossary
GTO
Great Circle
GyroPlus
An autopilot yaw sensor that measures the boat’s rate of turn. It is built into the
150G and 400G course computers, and is an option for T150 and T400 course
computers.
KM
Kilometer(s)
KM/H
Kilometers per hour
KTS
Knots
L/H
Liters per hour
LTR
Liter(s)
MPH
Miles per hour
NM
Nautical mile(s)
NMEA
National Maritime Electronics Association. The NMEA provides protocols which
define an internationally accepted serial communication interface standards for
sharing data between electronic equipment. The ST290 system can share
information with non-SeaTalk equipment using the NMEA 0183 and NMEA 2000
protocols.
Profile
A group of instrument chapters and pages to suit a specific purpose, e.g. Sail or
Power.
Response
The sensitivity of an instrument, to data changes.
SeaTalk &
SeaTALK2
Raymarine proprietary communication systems, each of which links products to
provide a single, integrated system sharing power and data.
SM
Statute mile(s)
Smart Heading
Sensor
Source of ST290 heading information
SOG
Speed Over Ground
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
81183_2 S9.book Page 3 Tuesday, May 6, 2003 9:13 AM
Section 9: Glossary
9-1-3
TTG
Time To Go
TWA
True Wind Angle relative to the vessel, taking into account the speed of the vessel.
TWD
True Wind Direction. Wind direction as a compass bearing. What the wind direction
reading would be if the vessel were stationary.
TWS
True Wind Speed relative to the vessel, taking into account the speed of the vessel.
Update rate
The rate at which an instrument refreshes the displayed data.
VMG
Velocity Made Good. The component of the vessel speed through the water in the
direction of true wind.
WindTrim
Determines how quickly an autopilot responds to changes in wind direction.
Higher wind trim settings give a greater responsiveness to wind changes.
WP
Waypoint
XTE
Cross Track Error
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
Section 10: Index
ST290 Instrument System Owner’s Handbook
Section 10: Index
10-1-1
Index
A
Alarm clock
setting time
Data Display 2-3-10
Graphic Display 2-2-16
switching on/off
Data Display 2-3-9
Graphic Display 2-2-16
Alarms
chapter
Data Display 2-3-12
Graphic Display 2-2-19
enabling/disabling
Data Display 2-3-13
Graphic Display 2-2-20
indications 1-1-5, 2-1-4, 3-2-3
autopilot 8-3-4
setting thresholds
Data Display 2-3-14
Graphic Display 2-2-20
silencing 1-1-5, 2-1-4, 3-2-4
Analog instruments
Close Hauled Wind
digital display 3-2-2
operation 3-2-1 to 3-2-4
pointer indications 3-2-1
tack heading 3-2-3
true/apparent indications 3-2-3
Compass
auto mode 3-3-5
average heading reset 3-3-4
COG 3-3-4
digital display 3-3-2
locked mode 3-3-4
locking to reciprocal course 3-3-6
operating modes 3-3-1
operation 3-3-1 to 3-3-6
steering sense 3-3-6
true/magnetic indications 3-3-2
Rudder Angle operation 3-4-1
ST290 Owner’s Handbook
Wind
digital display 3-2-2
operation 3-2-1 to 3-2-4
pointer indications 3-2-1
tack heading 3-2-3
true/apparent indications 3-2-3
Autopilot 8-2-12
adjusting response 8-2-6
advanced calibration 8-5-7
alarms 8-3-4
Auto mode 8-2-4 to 8-2-12
automatic tacking 8-2-11
basic calibration 8-5-2
disengaging 8-2-5
displayed information 8-2-2
displaying pilot information 8-2-4
dockside checks 8-4-2
dodging obstacles
in Auto mode 8-2-9
in Track mode 8-2-17
in Wind Vane mode 8-2-21
engaging 8-2-4
off course warning 8-2-8
operating modes 8-1-1
pop-up messages 8-2-3
response levels 8-2-6
return to Standby mode 8-2-5
rudder gain adjustment 8-2-24
safety 8-1-3
in Track mode 8-2-18
sea trial 8-4-9
sea trial calibration 8-4-9
AutoLearn 8-4-14
compass calibration 8-4-11
optimizing parameters 8-4-14
sea trial safety 8-4-9
setup requirement 1-1-7, 2-1-7, 7-1-5
Track mode 8-2-13 to 8-2-18
dodging obstacles 8-2-17
entering 8-2-13
leaving 8-2-14
route complete 8-2-17
10-1-2
tidal stream compensation 8-2-15
waypoint arrival/advance 8-2-16
troubleshooting 8-3-2
types 8-1-2
using the DISP button 8-2-4
Wind Vane mode 8-2-18 to 8-2-22
adjusting locked wind
angle 8-2-20
AutoTack 8-2-22
dodging obstacles 8-2-21
entering 8-2-19
leaving 8-2-20
operating hints 8-2-22
wind shift warning 8-2-21
Average speed resetting
Data Display 2-3-5
Graphic Display 2-2-11
B
Backlighting
analog instrument adjustment 3-1-2
digital instrument adjustment 2-1-8
setup
Data Display 7-3-12
Graphic Display 7-2-32
Button beep setup
Data Display 7-3-9
Graphic Display 7-2-13
C
Cables
connecting to DPU & Pods 6-2-6
connections 6-2-2
installation requirements 6-2-2
installing 6-2-3
preparing for connection 6-2-5
using spade connectors 6-2-5
using spring retention
connectors 6-2-6
Calibrating transducers 1-1-7, 2-1-7, 7-1-1,
7-2-18 to 7-2-30
Calibration
autopilots 8-5-1
compass 7-2-20
Depth transducer 7-2-27
Section 10: Index
Speed transducer 7-2-25
wind transducer 7-2-23
Changing course under autopilot
control 8-2-5
Chapter & page options setup 7-2-13
Chapter & page selection options 2-2-1
Chapter title options 2-3-1
Close Hauled Wind instrument
digital display 3-2-2
operation 3-2-1 to 3-2-4
pointer indications 3-2-1
tack heading 3-2-3
true/apparent indications 3-2-3
Compass calibration 7-2-20
Compass instrument
auto mode 3-3-5
average heading reset 3-3-4
COG 3-3-4
digital display 3-3-2
locked mode 3-3-4
locking to reciprocal course 3-3-6
operating modes 3-3-1
operation 3-3-1 to 3-3-6
setup 7-4-3
steering sense 3-3-6
true/magnetic indications 3-3-2
Connecting instruments 6-2-25
Connecting keypads 6-2-25
Contrast adjustment 2-1-8
Control buttons 2-1-2
Countdown timer
setting time
Data Display 2-3-10
Graphic Display 2-2-17
starting/stopping
Data Display 2-3-10
Graphic Display 2-2-17
Custom profiles 2-1-6
setting up
Data Display 7-3-7
Graphic Display 7-2-7
ST290 Owner’s Handbook
Section 10: Index
D
Data Display 2-3-1 to 2-3-15
getting started 2-3-2
selecting active display area 2-3-2
selecting chapters & pages 2-3-2
using Favorite pages 2-3-3
Data Processing Unit
connecting cables 6-2-8
connecting NMEA0183, 6-2-9
connecting NMEA2000, 6-2-9
connectors 1-1-4
dimensions 6-1-7
fitting 6-2-7
introduction 1-1-4
site requirements 6-1-7
Data resolution setup
Data Display 7-3-9
Graphic Display 7-2-15
Data units setup
Data Display 7-3-11
Graphic Display 7-2-31
Depth chapter
Data Display 2-3-5 to 2-3-6
Graphic Display 2-2-12
resetting maximum depth
Data Display 2-3-6
Graphic Display 2-2-12
resetting minimum depth
Data Display 2-3-6
Graphic Display 2-2-12
Depth offset 7-2-27
Depth transducer
dimensions 6-1-12
offset
requirement 2-2-12, 2-3-6
setup 7-2-27
site requirements 6-1-12
Digital instruments
chapters & pages 1-1-3, 2-1-1
controls 2-1-2
Data Display 2-3-1 to 2-3-15
Graphic Display 2-2-1 to 2-2-21
introduction 1-1-3
ST290 Owner’s Handbook
10-1-3
operating modes 2-1-3 to 2-1-5
chapter select 2-1-4
edit 2-1-4
normal 2-1-3
setup overview 2-1-5 to 2-1-7
Display options setup
Data Display 7-3-8
Graphic Display 7-2-12
Display response description 7-1-2
Display response setup
Data Display 7-3-4
Graphic Display 7-2-4
Display update rate description 7-1-2
Display update rate setup
Graphic Display 7-2-4
Docking display 2-2-8
E
Editing custom profiles
Data Display 7-3-7
Graphic Display 7-2-8
EMC information 6-1-6, 6-2-31, 7-1-1
Enable pilot calibration
Graphic Display 7-2-13
Engine chapter
Data Display 2-3-11
Graphic Display 2-2-18
Environment chapter
Data Display 2-3-14
Graphic Display 2-2-20
F
Favorite pages
Data Display 2-3-3
Graphic Display 2-2-9
introduction 2-1-6
setting contents
Data Display 7-3-6
Graphic Display 2-2-9
setting number of pages
Data Display 7-3-5
Graphic Display 7-2-5
setting rollover
Data Display 2-3-4
Graphic Display 7-2-6
10-1-4
G
Getting started
Data Display 2-3-2
Graphic Display 2-2-2
Get-you-home mode 1-1-4
GPS chapter
Data Display 2-3-8
Graphic Display 2-2-15
Graphic Display 2-2-1 to 2-2-21
animated graphics 2-2-6 to 2-2-8
display page formats 2-2-4
docking display 2-2-8
editing displayed information 2-2-5
Favorite pages 2-2-9
getting started 2-2-2
graphs 2-2-6
rolling road 2-2-6
selecting chapters & pages 2-2-1
menu option 2-2-2
popup option 2-2-4
setting contents of Favorite
pages 2-2-9
wind shift display 2-2-7
Graphs 2-2-6
Grounding requirement 6-2-27
gybe inhibit 8-2-12
H
Heading chapter
Data Display 2-3-6
Graphic Display 2-2-13
Heading information setup
Data Display 7-3-9
Graphic Display 7-2-13
I
Installation
DPU 6-2-7
instruments 6-2-19
keypads 6-2-19
power supply 6-2-27
preparing cables 6-2-5
SeaTalk & SeaTALK2 cables 6-2-2
sequence of operation 6-2-1
transducer Pods 6-2-15 to 6-2-19
Section 10: Index
transducers 6-2-11
Wind transducer 6-2-12 to 6-2-15
Instruments
analog
Close Hauled Wind operation 32-1 to 3-2-4
Compass operation 3-3-1 to 3-3-6
dimensions 6-1-10
Rudder Angle operation 3-4-1
Wind operation 3-2-1 to 3-2-4
digital
chapters & pages 1-1-3, 2-1-1
controls 2-1-2
Data Display 2-3-1 to 2-3-15
dimensions 6-1-9
Graphic Display 2-2-1 to 2-2-21
operating modes 2-1-3 to 2-1-5
chapter select 2-1-4
edit 2-1-4
normal 2-1-3
setup overview 2-1-5 to 2-1-7
display icons 2-1-8
flush mounting procedure 6-2-20 to 62-22
mounting options 6-2-19
site requirements 6-1-9
surface mounting procedure 6-2-23 to
6-2-24
L
Leaving setup
Data Display 7-3-12
Graphic Display 7-2-33
M
Magnetic deviation 7-2-21
Magnetic variation 7-2-22
Man Overboard
alarm indications 2-1-5
Maximum depth resetting
Data Display 2-3-6
Graphic Display 2-2-12
Maximum speed resetting
Data Display 2-3-5
Graphic Display 2-2-11
ST290 Owner’s Handbook
Section 10: Index
10-1-5
setting up
Data Display 7-3-7 to 7-3-8
Graphic Display 7-2-6 to 7-2-12
Minimum depth resetting
Data Display 2-3-6
Graphic Display 2-2-12
N
R
Navigate chapter
Data Display 2-3-7
Graphic Display 2-2-14
NMEA0183
connections 6-2-9
data headers 6-2-10
NMEA2000
connections 6-2-9
parameter group numbers 6-2-11
Race timer setup
Data Display 7-3-9
Graphic Display 7-2-14
RayTech data 2-1-7
Remote control
introduction 1-1-5
Remote control setup
Data Display 7-3-10
Graphic Display 7-2-17
Response description 7-1-2
Rolling road 2-2-6
Routine care 5-1-1
Rudder Angle operation 3-4-1
P
Packed items 6-1-1
Pilot chapter
Data Display 2-3-9
Graphic Display 2-2-15
Pilot Keypad
controls 8-2-1
introduction 1-1-5
Pilot popup setup 7-2-13
Pods
dimensions 6-1-8
fitting 6-2-15 to 6-2-19
introduction 1-1-4
site requirements 6-1-8
Power supply 6-1-16
connection 6-2-29
for large systems 6-2-27
from SeaTalk 6-2-29
grounding 6-2-27
protection 6-2-29
requirements 6-2-27
Preparation for use 6-2-30
Product support information 8-3-6
Profiles
custom 2-1-6
introduction 1-1-6, 7-1-4
preset 2-1-6
selection at first switch on 2-1-2
ST290 Owner’s Handbook
S
Safety information 1-1-1, 1-1-7, 2-1-7
autopilot 6-2-30, 8-1-3
autopilot seatrial 8-4-9
autopilot Track mode 8-2-18
power supply 6-2-1
when servicing 5-1-1, 8-3-1
SeaTalk buses
connection methods 6-2-25
overview 1-1-3
SeaTALK2
installation requirements 6-1-14
Selecting chapters & pages
Data Display 2-3-2
Graphic Display
menu option 2-2-2
popup option 2-2-4
Serial numbers 5-1-4
Setting contents of Favorite pages
Data Display 7-3-6
Graphic Display 2-2-9
Setup requirement 1-1-7
Silencing alarm 2-1-4, 3-2-4
Site requirements
Depth transducer 6-1-12
10-1-6
DPU 6-1-7
EMC 6-1-6
instruments 6-1-9
Pod 6-1-8
Speed transducer 6-1-12
transducer Pod 6-1-8
Wind transducer 6-1-11
Software numbers
autopilot 8-3-6
ST290 system 5-1-4
Specifications 1-1-9 to 1-1-11
Speed chapter
Data Display 2-3-5
Graphic Display 2-2-11
resetting average speed
Data Display 2-3-5
Graphic Display 2-2-11
resetting maximum speed
Data Display 2-3-5
Graphic Display 2-2-11
resetting trip log
Data Display 2-3-5
Graphic Display 2-2-11
Speed transducer
calibration 7-2-25
principles 7-2-25
dimensions 6-1-12
site requirements 6-1-12
Stopwatch timer
lap times
Data Display 2-3-11
Graphic Display 2-2-17
starting
Data Display 2-3-11
Graphic Display 2-2-17
stopping
Data Display 2-3-11
Graphic Display 2-2-18
System
overview 1-1-2 to 1-1-7
setup requirement 1-1-7
upgrades 1-1-8
Section 10: Index
T
Technical support information 5-1-4, 8-3-6
Time setup
Data Display 7-3-9
Graphic Display 7-2-16
Timers chapter
alarm clock
Data Display 2-3-9 to 2-3-10
Graphic Display 2-2-16
countdown timer
Data Display 2-3-10
Graphic Display 2-2-17
Data Display 2-3-9
Graphic Display 2-2-15
race gun timers
Data Display 2-3-11
Graphic Display 2-2-18
stopwatch timer
Data Display 2-3-11
Graphic Display 2-2-17
Transducers
cable lengths 6-1-11
calibration procedures 7-2-19
compass 7-2-20
depth offset 7-2-27
Speed 7-2-25
wind vane 7-2-23
calibration requirement 1-1-7, 2-1-7,
7-1-1, 7-1-4, 7-2-18
installation procedures 6-2-11 to 6-215
introduction 1-1-4
Trip counter setup 7-2-14
Trip log resetting
Data Display 2-3-5
Graphic Display 2-2-11
Troubleshooting 5-1-2
U
User Setup
backlighting 7-1-5
Data Display 7-3-12
Graphic Display 7-2-32
ST290 Owner’s Handbook
Section 10: Index
button beep
Data Display 7-3-9
Graphic Display 7-2-13
chapter & page options 7-2-13
Compass instrument 7-4-3
customizing profiles
Data Display 7-3-7
Graphic Display 7-2-7
data resolution
Data Display 7-3-9
Graphic Display 7-2-15
data units
Data Display 7-3-11
Graphic Display 7-2-31
depth transducer offset 7-2-27
display options
Data Display 7-3-8
Graphic Display 7-2-12
display response
Data Display 7-3-4
Graphic Display 7-2-4
display update rate
Data Display 7-3-4
Graphic Display 7-2-4
enable pilot calibration 7-2-13
Favorite pages
Data Display 7-3-4
Graphic Display 7-2-5
heading information
Data Display 7-3-9
Graphic Display 7-2-13
leaving
Data Display 7-3-12
Graphic Display 7-2-33
pilot popup 7-2-13
profile
Data Display 7-3-7 to 7-3-8
Graphic Display 7-2-6 to 7-2-12
race timers
Data Display 7-3-9
Graphic Display 7-2-14
remote control setup
Data Display 7-3-10
Graphic Display 7-2-17
requirement 7-1-1
ST290 Owner’s Handbook
10-1-7
starting
Data Display 7-3-1
Graphic Display 7-2-1
structure
Data Display 7-3-2
Graphic Display 7-2-2
time offset
Data Display 7-3-9
Graphic Display 7-2-16
transducer calibration 7-2-19
trip counter enabling 7-2-14
Wind instrument 7-4-1
V
Vessel chapter
Data Display 2-3-15
Graphic Display 2-2-21
Voltage reading setup 7-2-30
W
Water temperature setup 7-2-30
Wind chapter
Data Display 2-3-7
Graphic Display 2-2-13
Wind instrument
digital display 3-2-2
operation 3-2-1 to 3-2-4
pointer indications 3-2-1
setup 7-4-1
tack heading 3-2-3
true/apparent indications 3-2-3
Wind shift display 2-2-7
Wind transducer
calibration 7-2-23
installation 6-2-12 to 6-2-15
site requirements 6-1-11
Wind vane assembly 6-2-12
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