Configuring RMON

Configuring RMON
Configuring RMON
This chapter contains the following sections:
• Information About RMON, page 1
• Configuration Guidelines and Limitations for RMON, page 2
• Configuring RMON, page 3
• Verifying RMON Configuration, page 4
• Default RMON Settings, page 4
Information About RMON
RMON is an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard monitoring specification that allows various
network agents and console systems to exchange network monitoring data. The Cisco NX-OS supports RMON
alarms, events and logs to monitor Cisco Nexus 3000 Series switches
An RMON alarm monitors a specific management information base (MIB) object for a specified interval,
triggers an alarm at a specified threshold value (threshold), and resets the alarm at another threshold value.
You can use alarms with RMON events to generate a log entry or an SNMP notification when the RMON
alarm triggers.
RMON is disabled by default and no events or alarms are configured in Cisco Nexus 3000 Series. You can
configure your RMON alarms and events by using the CLI or an SNMP-compatible network management
station
RMON Alarms
You can set an alarm on any MIB object that resolves into an SNMP INTEGER type. The specified object
must be an existing SNMP MIB object in standard dot notation (for example, 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.17 represents
ifOutOctets.17).
When you create an alarm, you specify the following parameters:
• MIB object to monitor
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RMON Events
• Sampling interval—The interval that the Cisco Nexus 3000 Series switch uses to collect a sample value
of the MIB object.
• The sample type—Absolute samples take the current snapshot of the MIB object value. Delta samples
take two consecutive samples and calculate the difference between them.
• Rising threshold—The value at which the Cisco Nexus 3000 Series switch triggers a rising alarm or
resets a falling alarm.
• Falling threshold—The value at which the Cisco Nexus 3000 Series switch triggers a falling alarm or
resets a rising alarm.
• Events—The action that the Cisco Nexus 3000 Series switch takes when an alarm (rising or falling)
triggers.
Use the hcalarms option to set an alarm on a 64-bit integer MIB object.
Note
For example, you can set a delta type rising alarm on an error counter MIB object. If the error counter delta
exceeds this value, you can trigger an event that sends an SNMP notification and logs the rising alarm event.
This rising alarm will not occur again until the delta sample for the error counter drops below the falling
threshold.
The falling threshold must be less than the rising threshold.
Note
RMON Events
You can associate a particular event to each RMON alarm. RMON supports the following event types:
• SNMP notification—Sends an SNMP risingAlarm or fallingAlarm notification when the associated
alarm triggers.
• Log—Adds an entry in the RMON log table when the associated alarm triggers.
• Both—Sends an SNMP notification and adds an entry in the RMON log table when the associated alarm
triggers.
You can specify a different even for a falling alarm and a rising alarm.
Configuration Guidelines and Limitations for RMON
RMON has the following configuration guidelines and limitations:
• You must configure an SNMP user an notification receiver to use the SNMP notification event type.
• You can only configure an RMON alarm on a MIB object that resolves to an integer.
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Configuring RMON
Configuring RMON
Configuring RMON Alarms
You can configure RMON alarms on any integer-based SNMP MIB object.
You can optionally specify the following parameters:
• The event-number to trigger if the rising or falling threshold exceeds the specified limit.
• The owner of the alarm.
Ensure you have configured an SNMP user and enabled SNMP notifications.
Procedure
Command or Action
Purpose
Step 1
switch# configure terminal
Enters configuration mode.
Step 2
switch(config)# rmon alarm index mib-object
sample-interval {absolute | delta}
rising-threshold value [event-index]
falling-threshold value [event-index] [owner
name]
Creates an RMON alarm. The value range is
from -2147483647 to 2147483647. The owner
name can be any alphanumeric string.
Step 3
switch(config)# rmon hcalarm index mib-object
sample-interval {absolute | delta}
rising-threshold-high value rising-threshold-low
value [event-index] falling-threshold-high value
falling-threshold-low value [event-index] [owner
name] [storagetype type]
Creates an RMON high-capacity alarm. The
value range is from -2147483647 to
2147483647. The owner name can be any
alphanumeric string.
Step 4
switch# show rmon {alarms | hcalarms}
(Optional)
Displays information about RMON alarms or
high-capacity alarms.
Step 5
switch# copy running-config startup-config
(Optional)
Saves this configuration change.
The storage type range is from 1 to 5.
The following example shows how to configure RMON alarms:
switch# configure terminal
switch(config)# rmon alarm 1 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.17.83886080 5 delta rising-threshold 5 1
falling-threshold 0 owner test
switch(config)# exit
switch# show rmon alarms
Alarm 1 is active, owned by test
Monitors 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.17.83886080 every 5 second(s)
Taking delta samples, last value was 0
Rising threshold is 5, assigned to event 1
Falling threshold is 0, assigned to event 0
On startup enable rising or falling alarm
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Configuring RMON Events
Configuring RMON Events
You can configure RMON events to associate with RMON alarms. You can reuse the same event with multiple
RMON alarms.
Ensure you have configured an SNMP user and enabled SNMP notifications.
Procedure
Command or Action
Purpose
Step 1
switch# configure terminal
Enters configuration mode.
Step 2
switch(config)# rmon event index
[description string] [log] [trap] [owner
name]
Configures an RMON event. The description
string and owner name can be any alphanumeric
string.
Step 3
switch(config)# show rmon {alarms |
hcalarms}
(Optional)
Displays information about RMON alarms or
high-capacity alarms.
Step 4
switch# copy running-config
startup-config
(Optional)
Saves this configuration change.
Verifying RMON Configuration
To display RMON configuration information, perform one of the following tasks:
Command
Purpose
switch# show rmon alarms
Displays information about RMON alarms.
switch# show rmon events
Displays information about RMON events.
switch# show rmon hcalarms
Displays information about RMON hcalarms.
switch# show rmon logs
Displays information about RMON logs.
Default RMON Settings
The following table lists the default settings for RMON parameters.
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Default RMON Settings
Table 1: Default RMON Parameters
Parameters
Default
Alarms
None configured.
Events
None configured.
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