Table of contents Introduction 4 Instrument cluster

Table of contents Introduction 4 Instrument cluster
Table of contents
Introduction
Congratulations
Safety and environment protection
Symbol glossary
Instrument cluster
4
4
5
8
10
Warning and control lights
Gauges
10
15
Entertainment systems
18
AM/FM stereo cassette (CD changer compatible)
Rear seat controls
CD changer
Climate controls
Electronic automatic temperature control
Lights
Headlamps
Bulb replacement
Driver controls
Steering wheel adjustment
Power windows
Mirrors
18
29
32
37
37
47
47
52
58
60
66
68
Locks and security
85
Keys
Locks
Anti-theft system
85
85
86
1
Table of contents
Seating and safety restraints
Seating
Safety restraints
Air bags
Child restraints
Driving
99
112
124
132
142
Starting
Brakes
Transmission operation
Vehicle loading
Trailer towing
Recreational towing
142
146
153
170
172
176
Roadside emergencies
177
Hazard flasher switch
Fuses and relays
Changing tires
Jump starting
Wrecker towing
178
180
188
194
199
Customer assistance
200
The dispute settlement board
Utilizing the mediation/arbitration
Getting assistance outside the U.S. and Canada
Ordering additional owner’s literature
Reporting safety defects (U.S. only)
Cleaning
Cleaning your vehicle
Underbody preservation
2
99
203
206
206
207
209
210
210
215
Table of contents
Maintenance and specifications
Hood
Engine compartment
Engine oil
Battery
Fuel information
Air filter(s)
Part numbers
Refill capacities
Lubricant specifications
Engine data
Vehicle dimensions
217
218
219
220
223
232
246
252
253
255
257
258
Accessories
261
Index
264
All rights reserved. Reproduction by any means, electronic or mechanical
including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval
system or translation in whole or part is not permitted without written
authorization from Ford Motor Company. Ford may change the contents without
notice and without incurring obligation.
Copyright © 2001 Ford Motor Company
3
Introduction
The following warning may be required by California law:
CALIFORNIA Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and
certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to
the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. In addition, certain fluids contained in vehicles and
certain products of component wear contain or emit chemicals known
to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
CONGRATULATIONS
Congratulations on acquiring your new Lincoln. Please take the time to
get well acquainted with your vehicle by reading this handbook. The
more you know and understand about your vehicle the greater the safety
and pleasure you will derive from driving it.
For more information on Ford Motor Company and its products visit the
following website:
In the United States: www.ford.com
In Canada: www.ford.ca
In Mexico: www.ford.com.mx
In Australia: www.ford.com.au
Additional owner information is given in separate publications.
This Owner’s Guide describes every option and model variant
available and therefore some of the items covered may not apply
to your particular vehicle. Furthermore, due to printing cycles it may
describe options before they are generally available.
Remember to pass on the Owner’s Guide when reselling the
vehicle. It is an integral part of the vehicle.
4
Introduction
Fuel pump shut-off switch In the event of an accident the
safety switch will automatically cut off the fuel supply to the
engine. The switch can also be activated through sudden vibration (e.g.
collision when parking). To reset the switch, refer to the Fuel pump
shut-off switch in the Roadside emergencies chapter.
SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION
Warning symbols in this guide
How can you reduce the risk of personal injury and prevent possible
damage to others, your vehicle and its equipment? In this guide, answers
to such questions are contained in comments highlighted by the warning
triangle symbol. These comments should be read and observed.
Warning symbols on your vehicle
When you see this symbol, it is
imperative that you consult the
relevant section of this guide before
touching or attempting adjustment
of any kind.
Protecting the environment
We must all play our part in
protecting the environment. Correct
vehicle usage and the authorized
disposal of waste cleaning and
lubrication materials are significant
steps towards this aim. Information in this respect is highlighted in this
guide with the tree symbol.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular guidelines for breaking-in your vehicle. During
the first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
recommended to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
5
Introduction
SPECIAL NOTICES
Emission warranty
The New Vehicle Limited Warranty includes Bumper-to-Bumper
Coverage, Safety Restraint Coverage, Corrosion Coverage, and 7.3L
Power Stroke Diesel Engine Coverage. In addition, your vehicle is eligible
for Emissions Defect and Emissions Performance Warranties. For a
detailed description of what is covered and what is not covered, refer to
the Warranty Guide that is provided to you along with your Owner’s
Guide.
Special instructions
For your safety, your vehicle is fitted with sophisticated electronic
controls.
By operating other electronic equipment (e.g. mobile telephone
without exterior aerial) electromagnetic fields can occur which
can cause malfunctions of the vehicle electronics. Therefore you should
observe the instructions of the equipment manufacturers.
Please read the section Air bag in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter. Failure to follow the specific warnings and
instructions could result in personal injury.
Rear facing child or baby seats should NEVER be used in front
of a passenger side air bag.
6
Introduction
Using your vehicle with a snowplow
Do not use this vehicle for snowplowing.
Using your vehicle as an ambulance
Do not use this vehicle as an ambulance.
Your vehicle is not equipped with the Ford Ambulance Preparation
Package.
Notice to owners of pickup trucks and utility type vehicles
Utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover rate than
other types of vehicles.
Before you drive your vehicle, please read this Owner’s Guide carefully.
Your vehicle is not a passenger car. As with other vehicles of this type,
failure to operate this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control or an
accident.
7
Introduction
These are some of the symbols you may see on your vehicle.
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Safety Alert
See Owner’s Guide
Fasten Safety Belt
Air Bag-Front
Air Bag-Side
Child Seat
Child Seat Installation
Warning
Child Seat Tether
Anchorage
Brake System
Anti-Lock Brake System
Brake Fluid Non-Petroleum Based
Traction Control
Master Lighting Switch
Hazard Warning Flasher
Fog Lamps-Front
Fuse Compartment
Fuel Pump Reset
Windshield Wash/Wipe
Windshield
Defrost/Demist
Rear Window
Defrost/Demist
Power Windows
Front/Rear
Power Window Lockout
8
Introduction
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Child Safety Door
Lock/Unlock
Interior Luggage
Compartment Release
Symbol
Panic Alarm
Engine Oil
Engine Coolant
Engine Coolant
Temperature
Do Not Open When Hot
Battery
Avoid Smoking, Flames,
or Sparks
Battery Acid
Explosive Gas
Fan Warning
Power Steering Fluid
Maintain Correct Fluid
Level
Emission System
Engine Air Filter
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter
Jack
Check fuel cap
Low tire warning
MAX
MIN
9
Instrument cluster
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
DOOR
AJAR
H
60
40
L
80
00
F
E
H
NAVIGATOR
4X4
20
L
40
20
LOW
FUEL
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
THEFT
LOW
RANGE
60
MPH
H
RPMX1000
km/h
D 2
P RN D
SELECT
RESET
BRAKE
CK
SUSP
C
Warning lights and gauges can alert you to a vehicle condition that may
become serious enough to cause expensive repairs. A warning light may
illuminate when a problem exists with one of your vehicle’s functions.
Many lights will illuminate when you start your vehicle to make sure the
bulb works. If any light remains on after starting the vehicle, have
the respective system inspected immediately.
Service engine soon
Illuminates briefly to ensure the
SERVICE
system is functional. If it comes on
ENGINE
after the engine is started, one of
SOON
the engine’s emission control
systems may be malfunctioning. The
light may illuminate without a
driveability concern being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and
will not require towing.
Light turns on solid:
Temporary malfunctions may cause the light to illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel.
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with high quality fuel of the recommended octane and/or properly
installing and securely tightening the fuel cap. After three driving cycles
without these or any other temporary malfunctions present, the light
should turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold engine startup
10
Instrument cluster
followed by mixed city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle service is
required.
If the light remains on, have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
Brake system warning
Illuminates if the parking brake is
engaged. Also momentarily
BRAKE
illuminates at start up to ensure the
!
circuit is functional. If the brake
warning lamp does not illuminate at
these times, or illuminates after releasing the parking brake, seek service
immediately. Refer to Brakes in the Driving chapter for more
information.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
Momentarily illuminates at start up
to ensure the circuit is functional. If
ABS
the light does not illuminate,
remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced (refer to
Brakes in the Driving chapter for more information). With the ABS light
on, the ABS is disabled and normal braking is still functional.
Safety belt
Illuminates to remind you to fasten
your safety belts. For more
information, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
11
Instrument cluster
Air bag readiness
Illuminates to confirm that the air
bags (front or side) are operational.
If the light fails to illuminate,
continues to flash or remains on,
have the system serviced immediately.
Charging system
Illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly.
Check air suspension
Illuminates momentarily when the
CK
ignition is turned to the ON position
SUSP
and the engine is OFF. The light
also illuminates when the air
suspension switch is turned OFF or the air suspension system requires
servicing.
For information on the air suspension system, refer to the Driving
chapter.
Low fuel
Illuminates when the fuel level in
the fuel tank is at, or near, empty
(refer to Fuel gauge in this chapter
for more information).
Low washer fluid
Illuminates when the windshield
washer fluid is low.
12
LOW
FUEL
Instrument cluster
Oil pressure/Engine coolant
Illuminates when the engine coolant
temperature is above the normal
range or the engine oil pressure is
below normal range. Check the
engine oil and coolant level refer to
Adding engine oil and Adding coolant in the Maintenance and
specifications chapter.
Turn signals
Illuminates when the turn signals or
the hazard lights are turned on. If
the lights stay on continuously or
flash faster, check for a burned-out
bulb.
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
Door ajar
Illuminates when any door is open
(or not fully closed).
DOOR
AJAR
SecuriLockY anti-theft system
Illuminates when the anti-theft
alarm system is armed. If the light
THEFT
fails to illuminate, continues to flash
or remains on, have the system
serviced.
Refer to SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system in the Locks and
Security chapter.
13
Instrument cluster
Four wheel drive low (if equipped)
Illuminates when four-wheel drive
low is is engaged. If the light
continues to flash have the system
serviced.
Four wheel drive indicator (if equipped)
Illuminates when the four-wheel
drive is engaged. If the light
continues to flash have the system
serviced.
LOW
RANGE
4x4
Safety belt warning chime
Sounds to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
BeltMinder chime
Sounds intermittently to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning chime
Sounds when a malfunction in the supplemental restraint system (front
or side airbags) has been detected. Have the supplemental restraint
system inspected immediately.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the key is removed
from the ignition and the driver’s door is opened.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition and the driver’s door is
opened.
14
Instrument cluster
GAUGES
DOOR
AJAR
H
60
40
L
80
00
F
E
H
NAVIGATOR
4X4
20
L
40
20
LOW
FUEL
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
THEFT
LOW
RANGE
60
MPH
H
RPMX1000
km/h
D 2
P RN D
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the
engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains
within the normal area (the area
between the “H” and “C”). If it
enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as
soon as safely possible, switch off
the engine immediately and let the
engine cool. Refer to Engine
coolant in the Maintenance and
specifications chapter.
SELECT
RESET
BRAKE
CK
SUSP
C
H
C
Never remove the coolant
reservoir cap while the
engine is running or hot. Steam
and scalding liquid from a hot
cooling system can burn you
badly.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level the gauge indication
will not be accurate. If the gauge enters the red section, the oil
pressure/engine coolant and Check Engine/Service Engine Soon
indicators illuminate, refer to What you should know about fail-safe
cooling in the Maintenance and specifications chapter.
15
Instrument cluster
Engine oil pressure gauge
Indicates engine oil pressure. At
normal operating temperature, the
needle will be in the normal range
(the area between the “L” and “H”);
H
if the needle goes below the normal
range, stop the vehicle as soon as
safely possible and switch off the
engine immediately. Check the oil
L
level. Add oil if needed (refer to
Engine oil in the Maintenance
and specifications chapter). If the oil level is correct, have your vehicle
checked at your dealership or by a qualified technician.
Battery voltage gauge
Indicates battery voltage. If the
pointer moves and stays outside the
normal operating range (as
indicated by the arrows), have the
vehicle’s electrical system checked
as soon as possible.
H
L
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much
fuel is in the fuel tank. The fuel
gauge may vary slightly when the
vehicle is in motion or on a grade.
When refueling the vehicle from
empty indication, the amount of fuel
that can be added will be less than
the advertised capacity due to the
reserve fuel.
16
F
E
FUEL DOOR
Instrument cluster
A minimum of 22.2 L (six gallons) must be added or removed from the
fuel tank in order for the gauge to instantaneously update. If less than
six gallons is the change, the gauge will take between five to twenty
minutes to update.
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
60
80
00
20
40
40
20
60
MPH
km/h
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers
(miles) of the vehicle.
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. Press and
release the reset button until a “T”
appears in the display (this
represents the trip mode). Press
and hold the button for three seconds to reset.
Tachometer
Indicates the engine speed in
revolutions per minute.
Driving with your tachometer
pointer continuously at the top of
the scale may damage the engine.
D 2
P RN D
SELECT
RESET
NAVIGATOR
RPMX1000
17
Entertainment systems
PREMIUM AM/FM STEREO/CASSETTE
(CD CHANGER COMPATIBLE)
BASS
BAL
SEL
TREB
VOL
PUSH ON
CD
EJ
TAPE
AM
FM
TUNE
SEEK
MUTE
REW
FF
SIDE 1.2
1
2
3
FADE
RDS
SCAN
4
AUTO
COMP
SHUFF
5
6
ALPINET AUDIO SYSTEM WITH AM/FM STEREO CASSETTE
(CD CHANGER COMPATIBLE)
BASS
BAL
SEL
TREB
VOL
PUSH ON
CD
TAPE
EJ
SEEK
MUTE
AM
18
FM
TUNE
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
RDS
SCAN
4
FADE
DSP
AUTO
COMP
SHUFF
5
6
Entertainment systems
Your audio system is equipped with selective lighting, a unique lighting
strategy. This lighting feature is operable when the headlamps are
illuminated. During the operation of any selected mode, lighting for the
individual function controls will either illuminate or turn off. Those
controls which have a function for the specific mode of operation
selected will be lit, while the controls which have no function for that
mode will be turned off.
The Alpine Audio System is equipped with a delayed accessory feature.
This feature enables the audio playing media to continue playing up to
10 minutes after the ignition has been turned off, or until a door is
opened.
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
VOL
PUSH ON
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL
PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
Speed sensitive volume (if equipped)
With this feature, radio volume automatically changes slightly with
vehicle speed to compensate for road and wind noise.
The recommended level for speed sensitive volume is from level 1
through level 3. Level 0 turns the speed sensitive volume off and level 7
is the maximum setting.
19
Entertainment systems
With the radio on, press and hold
the volume control for five seconds,
until the display reads SPEED VOL,
then press:
VOL
PUSH ON
•
to increase volume
compensation
to decrease or shut off the
•
volume compensation
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the BASS control. Use the
SEL control to increase or decrease
the amount of bass.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
Press the TREB control. Use the
SEL control to increase or decrease
the amount of treble.
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the BAL control. Use the SEL
control to adjust the sound between
the speakers.
20
SEL
BASS
SEL
TREB
BASS
SEL
TREB
BAL
SEL
FADE
Entertainment systems
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the FADE control. Use the SEL
control to adjust the sound between
the front and rear speakers.
BAL
SEL
FADE
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, tape or CD mode (if equipped).
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
SEEK
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next listenable station up the frequency band.
• Press
Seek function in tape mode
• Press
to listen to the previous
SEEK
selection on the tape or return to
the beginning of the current
selection.
• Press
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
Seek function for CD changer
• Press
to seek to the previous
SEEK
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
three seconds or more and you press
, the CD changer will replay
that selection from the beginning.
• Press
to seek forward to the next track of the current disc. After
the last track has been completed, the first track of the current disc
will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD mode (if equipped).
SCAN
21
Entertainment systems
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to activate scan mode and to hear a brief
sampling of all listenable stations on the frequency band.
Press the SCAN control again to disengage scan mode.
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. The tape will scan in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.
To stop on a particular selection, press the SCAN control again.
Scan function in CD mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. The CD will scan in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.
To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD modes (if
equipped).
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
The AM/FM control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands.
Press the control to toggle between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset
stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
AM/FM select in CD mode
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
22
Entertainment systems
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
REW
FF
SIDE 1.2
1
2
3
4
COMP
SHUFF
5
6
Autoset memory preset
Autoset allows you to set strong radio stations without losing your
original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful on trips
when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
Starting autoset memory preset
1. Select a frequency using the AM/FM select controls.
2. Press the AUTO control.
3. When the first six strong stations
AUTO
are filled, the station stored in
memory preset control 1 will start
playing.
If there are less than six strong stations available on the frequency band,
the remaining memory preset controls will all store the last strong
station available.
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the control again.
Setting the clock with radio data system (RDS) feature
Press the RDS control until SELECT
HOUR or SELECT MINS is
DSP
RDS
displayed.
23
Entertainment systems
Use the SEL control to manually set
the time.
• Press
to increase
hours/minutes.
to decrease
• Press
hours/minutes.
SEL
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio or CD mode (if equipped).
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
TUNE
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
• Press
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Tune adjust for CD changer
• Press
to select the previous
TUNE
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
disc unless the CD changer is in shuffle mode.) Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information. Hold the control to continue reversing
through the discs.
to select the next disc in the CD changer. Hold the control
• Press
to fast-forward through the remaining discs.
Tape/CD select
• To begin tape play (with a tape
loaded into the audio system)
CD
TAPE
while in the radio or CD mode,
press the TAPE control. Press the
button during rewind or fast forward to stop the rewind or fast
forward function.
24
Entertainment systems
• To begin CD play (if equipped
with CD changer), ensure that
CD
TAPE
the CDs are loaded. Press the CD
control. The first track of the disc
will begin playing. After that, CD play will begin where it stopped last.
Do not insert any promotional (odd shaped or sized) discs, or discs
with removable labels into the CD player as jamming may occur.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
REW
and CD modes.
1
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control for less than three seconds
results in slow rewind. Pressing the control for more than three
seconds results in fast rewind.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
FF
tape and CD modes (if equipped).
2
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the control for less than three seconds results in
slow forward action. Pressing the control for more than three seconds
results in fast forward action.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
SIDE 1-2
3
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
EJ
25
Entertainment systems
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction operates
only in tape mode. Dolbyt noise
reduction reduces the amount of
4
hiss and static during tape playback.
Press the
control to activate
(and deactivate) Dolbyt noise reduction.
The Dolbyt noise reduction system is manufactured under license from
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolbyt and the double-D
symbol are registered trademarks of Dolbyt Labratories Licensing
Corporation.
Compression feature
Compression adjust brings soft and
COMP
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
5
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
The effect of the feature varies with the music content.
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
SHUFF
mode and plays all tracks on the
current disc in random order. If
6
equipped with the CD changer, the
shuffle feature continues to the next
disc after all tracks are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
Mute mode
Press the control to mute the
playing media. Press the control
again to return to the playing media.
26
MUTE
Entertainment systems
Radio data system (RDS) feature
This feature allows your audio system to receive station identification or
program type from RDS-equipped FM radio stations.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) recommend FM radio
broadcasters to use RDS technology to transmit information. FM radio
stations are independently operated and individually elect to use RDS
technology to transmit station ID and program type as desired.
Press the RDS control until RDS ON
or RDS OFF appears in the display.
RDS
Use the SEL control to enable (ON)
or disable (OFF) the feature. With
the RDS activated, press the SEL
control to scroll through the
following selections:
Traffic
• Press the RDS control until
TRAFFIC is displayed.
SEL
RDS
• Use the SEL control to select ON
or OFF. With the feature on, use
the SEEK or SCAN control to
SEL
find a radio station broadcasting a
traffic report (if it is broadcasting
RDS data).
Traffic information is not available in most U.S. markets.
Program type
• Press the RDS control until the
FIND program type is displayed.
RDS
27
Entertainment systems
• Use the SEL control to select the
program type. With the feature
on, use the SEEK or SCAN
control to find the desired
program type from the following
selections:
• Classic
• Country
• Info
• Jazz
• Oldies
• R&B
• Religious
• Rock
• Soft
• Top 40
Show
• With RDS activated, press the
RDS control until SHOW is
displayed.
• Use the SEL control to select
TYPE (the display shows the
program type), NAME (the
display shows the call letters of
the station) or NONE.
SEL
RDS
SEL
Digital signal processing (if equipped)
The digital signal processing (DSP)
feature allows you to change the
DSP
RDS
signal mode to suit your listening
tastes.
These effects will change the sound quality and may need to be adjusted
based upon the program material to suit your listening needs.
Press the control to turn the feature on or off.
28
Entertainment systems
Use the SEL control to select the
desired signal mode (the selected
mode will appear in the display).
SEL
The following signal modes can be
selected:
• JAZZ CLUB—jazz club with
clearly reflected sounds.
• HALL—rectangular concert hall capacity of about 2 000
• CHURCH—church with a high vault.
• STADIUM—outdoor stadium with a capacity of about 30 000.
• NEWS—“voice-only” type of sound with a limited audio band.
Press the DSP control until one of
the following appears:
DSP
RDS
• ALL SEATS
• DRIVER SEAT
• REAR SEATS
Use the SELECT control to change
the equalization to the desired
mode.
SEL
REAR SEAT CONTROLS (IF EQUIPPED)
The Personal Audio System, allows
front and middle seat passengers to
listen to different media sources
(radio, cassette or CD)
simultaneously. However, the front
and middle-seat passengers cannot
listen to two different radio stations
at the same time.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
29
Entertainment systems
REW
FF
SIDE 1.2
1
2
3
4
COMP
SHUFF
5
6
To turn on the rear seat controls, press the memory preset controls 3
and 5 at the same time. The
will appear in the display.
Pressing 3 and 5 at the same time again will turn the rear seat controls
off.
If there is a discrepancy between the rear seat and the front audio
controls, (such as both trying to listen to the same playing media), the
front audio system will receive the desired selection.
To activate the Personal Audio
- VOLUME +
MODE
System, press the
speaker/headphone control. Press
the MODE control to change audio
SEEK
MEMORY
sources (for headphone mode only).
Use the SEEK, VOLUME and
MEMORY controls to make
adjustments to the playing media.
ADJUSTING THE VOLUME
Press the + control to increase
volume.
Press the - control to decrease
volume.
30
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
Entertainment systems
From the rear seat controls, volume control can be set no higher than
the current radio setting unless the speakers are turned off. Refer to
Turning the rear speakers on and off.
TURNING THE REAR SPEAKERS ON AND OFF
Press to turn the rear speakers on
- VOLUME
or off.
+
SEEK
MODE
MEMORY
USING HEADPHONES/PERSONAL AUDIO SYSTEM
jack. Press the
Plug a 3.5 mm headphone (not included) into the
speaker on/off control to operate the headphones. DUAL PLAY
illuminates in the radio display and the fade control is disabled.
The rear speakers will cut out once the speaker on/off control is pressed.
The front speaker will remain playing for the front passengers. Press the
control again to deactivate the headphones (Personal Audio System).
SINGLE PLAY illuminates in the radio display and the fade control is
enabled.
For the Personal Audio System to be enabled, the rear seat controls
must be active and
illuminated in the radio display.
MODE SELECT
Push the MODE control to toggle
between AM, FM1, FM2, tape, CD or
CD changer (if equipped). If in the
Personal Audio System mode,
SHARED illuminates in the radio
display when the front and rear
modes are set to the same media.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
31
Entertainment systems
MEMORY PRESET CONTROL
Push the MEMORY control
successively to allow rear seat
passengers to scroll through the 6
memory presets in AM, FM1 or
FM2.
Push the MEMORY control in CD
changer mode (if equipped) to
advance to the next disc.
SEEK FUNCTION
• In radio mode, press
to find
the next listenable station down
the frequency band.
• In radio mode, press
to find
the next listenable station up the
frequency band.
• In tape mode, use the SEEK
or
function to access the next
previous
selection.
• In CD mode (if equipped), use
the SEEK function to access the next
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
or previous
CD CHANGER (IF EQUIPPED)
Your CD changer is located in the center console.
Slide the door to access the CD
changer magazine.
32
selection.
Entertainment systems
Press
to eject the magazine.
1. Pull the lever to remove a CD
tray from the magazine.
2. Insert one disc into each CD tray
of the magazine (up to 6 discs).
Ensure that the label side is facing
up.
If you pull too hard on the disc
holder, the disc holder may come
completely out of the magazine. If
this happens, reinsert the disc
holder back into the magazine.
3. Insert each CD tray, with the disc
loaded, all the way into the CD
magazine.
33
Entertainment systems
4. Insert the CD magazine into the
changer.
5. Slide the door to the left to close.
Use only compact discs containing
this mark.
The magazine does not need to be full for the changer to operate.
Radio power must be turned on to play the CDs in the changer. The
magazine may be stored in the glove compartment when not being used.
The CD magazine may be inserted or ejected with the radio power off.
Keep the CD changer door closed. Coins and foreign objects will damage
the CD player and void your audio system warranty.
Do not insert any promotional (odd shaped or sized) discs, or
discs with removable labels into the CD player as jamming may
occur.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE CD CHANGER (IF EQUIPPED)
The laser beam used in the compact disc player is harmful to the
eyes. Do not attempt to disassemble the case.
If sound skips:
• You may be traveling on a rough road, playing badly scratched discs or
the disc may be dirty. Skipping will not scratch the discs or damage
the player.
34
Entertainment systems
If
•
•
•
•
your changer does not work, it may be that:
A disc is already loaded where you want to insert a disc.
The disc is inserted with the label surface downward.
The disc is dusty or defective.
A disc with format and dimensions not within industry standards is
inserted.
CLEANING COMPACT DISCS
Inspect all discs for contamination before playing. If necessary, clean
discs only with an approved CD cleaner and wipe from the center out to
the edge. Do not use circular motion.
CD AND CD CHANGER CARE
• Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the playing surface.
• Do not expose discs to direct sunlight or heat sources for extended
periods of time.
• Do not insert more than one disc into each slot of the CD changer
magazine.
Do not insert any promotional (odd shaped or sized) discs, or
discs with removable labels into the CD player as jamming may
occur.
CLEANING CASSETTE PLAYER (IF EQUIPPED)
Clean the tape player head with a cassette cleaning cartridge after 10 to
12 hours of play in order to maintain the best sound and operation.
CASSETTE AND CASSETTE PLAYER CARE
• Use only cassettes that are 90 minutes long or less.
• Do not expose tapes to direct sunlight, high humidity, extreme heat or
extreme cold. Allow tapes that may have been exposed to extreme
temperatures to reach a moderate temperature before playing.
• Tighten very loose tapes by inserting a finger or pencil into the hole
and turning the hub.
• Remove loose labels before inserting tapes.
• Do not leave tapes in the cassette player for a long time when not
being played.
35
Entertainment systems
RADIO FREQUENCY INFORMATION
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Commission(CRTC) establish the frequencies
AM and FM stations may use for their broadcasts. Allowable frequencies
are:
AM 530, 540–1600, 1610 kHz
FM 87.7, 87.9–107.7, 107.9 MHz
Not all frequencies are used in a given area.
RADIO RECEPTION FACTORS
Three factors can affect radio reception:
• Distance/strength. The further an FM signal travels, the weaker it is.
The listenable range of the average FM station is approximately 40 km
(24 miles). This range can be affected by “signal modulation.” Signal
modulation is a process radio stations use to increase their
strength/volume relative to other stations.
• Terrain. Hills, mountains and tall buildings between your vehicle’s
antenna and the radio station signal can cause FM reception problems.
Static can be caused on AM stations by power lines, electric fences,
traffic lights and thunderstorms. Moving away from an interfering
structure (out of its “shadow”) returns your reception to normal.
• Station overload. Weak signals are sometimes captured by stronger
signals when you pass a broadcast tower. A stronger signal may
temporarily overtake a weaker signal and play while the weak station
frequency is displayed.
The audio system automatically switches to single channel reception if it
will improve the reception of a station normally received in stereo.
AUDIO SYSTEM WARRANTIES AND SERVICE
Refer to the Warranty Guide for audio system warranty information.
If service is necessary, see your dealer or a qualified technician.
36
Climate controls
ELECTRONIC AUTOMATIC TEMPERATURE CONTROL (EATC)
SYSTEM
The EATC system will maintain a
selected temperature and
AUTO
automatically control airflow. You
can override automatic operation
with any of the override controls,
the fan speed control or the steering
wheel controls (if equipped).
MAX A/C
Turning the EATC on
Press AUTOMATIC, any of the
override controls or the fan speed
control. The EATC will only operate
when the vehicle is running.
AUTOMATIC
VENT
PNL • FLR
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
VENT
Turning the EATC system off
Press OFF. The outside temperature
function will continue to operate
until the ignition is turned off.
PNL • FLR
FLOOR
OFF
DEF
LO
HI
OFF
F
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
HI
OFF
F
OUTSIDE TEMP
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
HI
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
Automatic operation
Press AUTOMATIC and select the desired temperature. The selected
temperature and the word AUTO will appear in the display window. The
EATC system will either heat or cool to achieve the selected
temperature. The system will automatically determine fan speed, airflow
location and if outside air or recirculated air is required. Fan speed
remains automatic unless the fan speed thumbwheel is turned or the
steering wheel fan speed control (if equipped) is pressed.
When in AUTOMATIC and weather conditions require heat, air will be
sent to the floor. However, if the engine is not warm enough to provide
37
Climate controls
heat, the fan will be at a low speed and the air will be directed to the
windshield. In approximately 31⁄2 minutes or less, the fan speed will start
to increase and the airflow location will change to the floor area.
If unusual conditions exist (i.e.-window fogging, etc.), the manual
override controls allow you to select airflow locations and the fan control
allows you to adjust fan speed as necessary.
Temperature selection
The display window indicates the
selected temperature, function
(AUTO or one of the override
controls) and manual control of fan
) if automatic fan speed is not desired.
speed (
To control the temperature, select
any temperature between 18°C
(65°F) and 29°C (85°F) by pressing
the blue (cooler) or red (warmer)
buttons.
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
˚F
AUTO
VENT
PNL • FLR
For continuous maximum cooling, push the blue button until 16°C
(60°F) is shown in the display window. The EATC will continue
maximum cooling (disregarding the displayed temperature) until a
warmer temperature is selected by pressing the red control.
For continuous maximum heating, push the red button until 32°C (90°F)
is shown in the display window. The EATC will continue maximum
heating (disregarding the displayed temperature) until a cooler
temperature is selected by pressing the blue control.
38
Climate controls
Temperature conversion
at
Press MAX A/C and DEF
the same time (for one second) to
AUTO
switch between Fahrenheit and
Celsius.
The English/Metric (E/M) control on
the trip computer and message center (if equipped) will not change
temperature display.
OFF
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
HI
AUTOMATIC
VENT
PNL • FLR
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
Fan speed (
)
When AUTOMATIC is pressed, fan
speed is adjusted automatically for
existing conditions. You can override
fan speed at any time. To control
fan speed manually, use the
thumbwheel to cancel automatic fan
speed operation. Rotate the thumbwheel or press the steering wheel
controls (if equipped) up for higher fan speed or down for lower fan
speed.
to
The display will show
˚F
indicate manual fan operation.
AUTO
To return to automatic fan operation, press AUTOMATIC.
Manual override controls
The manual override controls allow
you to determine where airflow is
directed. To return to full automatic
control, press AUTOMATIC.
OFF
F
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
VENT
PNL • FLR
FLOOR
HI
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
The air conditioning compressor can operate in all modes except FLOOR
and VENT. It will also operate only when required when AUTOMATIC
has been selected. However, the air conditioning will only function if the
outside temperature is about 6°C (43°F) or higher.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
39
Climate controls
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. The temperature
will display 16°C (60°F). To exit, press AUTOMATIC or any other
override controls. MAX A/C is louder than normal A/C but more
economical and will cool the inside of the vehicle faster. Airflow is
from the instrument panel registers. This mode can also be used to
prevent undesirable odors from entering the vehicle.
• VENT-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel registers.
However, the air cannot be cooled below the outside temperature
because the air conditioning does not operate in this mode.
• PNL•FLR-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
registers and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning capabilities
are provided in this mode. The air will be heated or cooled based on
the temperature selection. For added customer comfort, the air
distributed through the floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air
sent to the instrument panel registers.
• FLOOR-Distributes outside air through the floor ducts. However, the
air cannot be cooled below the outside temperature because the air
conditioning does not operate in this mode.
• FLR•DEF-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster
ducts and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning capabilities are
provided in this mode. The air will be heated or cooled based on the
temperature selection. For added customer comfort, the air
distributed through the floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air
sent to the windshield defroster ducts. If the temperature is about 6°C
(43°F) or higher, the air conditioner will automatically dehumidify the
air to reduce fogging.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster
• DEF
ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield. If the
outside air temperature is about 6°C (43°F) or higher, the air
conditioner will automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to reduce undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
40
Climate controls
Displaying outside temperature
Press OUTSIDE TEMP to display
the outside air temperature. It will
be displayed until OUTSIDE TEMP
is pressed again.
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
VENT
PNL • FLR
If the selected temperature is changed while the outside temperature is
displayed, the new temperature will be displayed for four seconds after it
is changed, then the outside temperature will return to the window.
If a manual override function is selected while the outside temperature is
displayed, the new function will be displayed for four seconds after it is
changed, then the outside temperature will return to the window along
with the override selection.
The outside temperature reading is most accurate when the vehicle is
moving. Higher readings may be obtained when the vehicle is not
moving. The readings that you get may not agree with temperatures
given on the radio due to differences in vehicle and station locations.
Operating tips
• In humid weather conditions, place the climate control system in DEF
before driving. This will reduce fogging on your windshield. Once the
windshield has been cleared, operate the climate control system as
desired.
• To reduce humidity buildup inside the vehicle in cold weather
conditions, don’t drive with the climate control system in the OFF or
MAX A/C position.
• To reduce humidity buildup inside the vehicle in warm weather
conditions, don’t drive with the climate control system in the OFF
position.
• Under normal weather conditions, your vehicle’s climate control
system should be left in any position other than MAX A/C or OFF
when the vehicle is parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe”
through the outside air inlet duct.
41
Climate controls
• Under snowy or dirty weather conditions, your vehicle’s climate
control system should be left in the OFF position when the vehicle is
parked. This allows the climate control system to be free from
contamination of outside pollutants.
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during warm
weather conditions, the air conditioner will perform more efficiently in
cooling the vehicle if driven for two or three minutes with the
windows open. This will force most of the hot, stale air out of the
vehicle. Once the vehicle has been “aired out”, operate the climate
control system as desired.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the rear seats.
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves from the air intake area at the base of
the windshield.
• Do not place objects over the defroster outlets. These objects can
block airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield.
Avoid placing small objects on top of the instrument panel. These
objects may fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow, in
addition to damaging the climate control system.
To aid in side window defogging/demisting in cold weather conditions:
1. Select PNL • FLR
2. Set the temperature control to full heat
3. Set the fan speed control to HI
4. Direct the outer panel vents towards the side windows.
To increase airflow to the outer panel vents, close the central panel
vents.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel, as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
REAR CONSOLE CLIMATE CONTROLS (IF EQUIPPED)
Depending on the equipment package of your vehicle, the rear console
may be equipped with audio/climate controls.
The instrument panel climate controls must be on in order for the rear
console climate controls to work.
42
Climate controls
Your climate controls will either be
located on the rear of the center
console,
OFF
LO
HI
COOL
WARM PANEL
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
FLOOR
or located in the overhead console.
OFF
LO
HI
COOL
WARM PANEL
FLOOR
Turn the air distribution control to the desired airflow position.
Turn the fan speed control to the desired position.
AUXILIARY A/C-HEATER CONTROLS (IF EQUIPPED)
Depending on your equipment package, your vehicle may be equipped
with auxiliary A/C-heater controls. The auxiliary A/C-heater feature
provides increased capacity to quickly heat or cool the vehicle. Besides
the driver’s control panel for the front seat occupants, the second row
auxiliary A/C-heater controls allow the rear passengers to control the
temperature in the rear of the vehicle through a second control panel
above the second row, or in the floor console.
43
Climate controls
If your vehicle is equipped with
auxiliary A/C controls, they may be
located in the floor console,
R
OO
FL
F
OF
RM
WA
AR
RE
HI
OL
CO
or located in the overhead console.
If your vehicle is equipped with a
moon roof and a navigation system,
you will not have a front auxiliary
A/C- heater control console. All
operation is obtained through the
rear auxiliary A/C-heater control
console.
44
L
NE
PA
Climate controls
In order for the auxiliary A/C-heater
OFF
REAR
controls (if equipped) to function,
the driver’s auxiliary A/C-heater
HI
control must be set to REAR, unless
COOL
WARM
PANEL
FLOOR
your vehicle is equipped with a
moonroof and a navigation system.
In which case, the rear auxiliary A/C-heater control console serves as the
main control for the auxiliary climate control system.
The instrument panel climate
controls must be on in order for the
AUTO
auxiliary A/C-heater to operate.
OFF
F
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
HI
AUTOMATIC
VENT
PNL • FLR
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
When the auxiliary A/C-heater control is set to FLOOR, airflow only
occurs from the third row seat floor vent located in the driver’s side rear
quarter trim panel.
When the auxiliary A/C-heater control is set to PANEL, airflow occurs
from the overhead 2nd and 3rd row vents.
Turn the fan speed control knob to
the desired speed.
OFF
LO
HI
Turn the temperature control to the
desired temperature.
You can get warm or cool air
through either the overhead
registers or floor vent by turning the
auxiliary mode selector:
• Far left for airflow to the overhead registers.
• Far right for airflow to the rear floor vent.
• Anywhere between PANEL and
FLOOR to vary airflow between
the outlets.
COOL
PANEL
WARM
FLOOR
45
Climate controls
REAR WINDOW DEFROSTER
The rear defroster control is located
on the instrument panel.
Press the rear defroster control to
clear the rear window of thin ice
and fog.
• A small LED will illuminate when
the rear defroster is activated.
The ignition must be in the ON position to operate the rear window
defroster.
The defroster turns off automatically after 10 minutes or when the
ignition is turned to the OFF position. To manually turn off the defroster
before 10 minutes have passed, push the control again.
46
Lights
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp control to the
first position to turn on the parking
lamps. Rotate to the second position
to also turn on the headlamps.
Foglamp control (if equipped)
The headlamp control also operates
the foglamps. The foglamps can be
turned on only when the headlamp
control is in the
position and
the high beams are not turned on.
Pull headlamp control towards you
to turn foglamps on. The foglamp
indicator light
will illuminate.
A
A
Autolamp control
The autolamp system provides light
sensitive automatic on-off control of
A
the exterior lights normally
controlled by the headlamp control.
The autolamp system also keeps the
lights on for approximately 20
seconds after the ignition switch is
turned to OFF.
• To turn autolamps on, rotate the
control counterclockwise.
• To turn autolamps off, rotate the control clockwise to OFF.
• Foglamps are not controlled by the autolamps. In order to turn on the
position and
foglamps, you must turn the lamp switch to the
pull toward you for foglamps.
47
Lights
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the headlamps on with a reduced output. To activate:
• the ignition must be in the ON position and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking lamps position.
Always remember to turn on your headlamps at dusk or during
inclement weather. The Daytime Running Lamp (DRL) system
does not activate with your tail lamps and generally may not provide
adequate lighting during these conditions. Failure to activate your
headlamps under these conditions may result in a collision.
High beams
• Push forward to activate.
• Pull toward you to deactivate.
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel during headlamp
and parklamp operation.
• Rotate up to brighten.
• Rotate down to dim.
• Rotate to full up position (past
detent) to turn on interior lamps.
• Rotate to full down position (past
detent) to turn off interior lamps.
48
Lights
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Vehicle Headlamp Aim Device
(VHAD) on each headlamp. Each
headlamp may be properly aimed in
the vertical (up/down) and the
horizontal (left/right) directions
using your VHAD system. The
headlamps on your vehicle are
properly aimed at the assembly
plant.
A bubble (vertical indicator) that is
not centered between the two red
lines does not necessarily indicate
out-of-aim headlamps. If your vehicle is not positioned on a level surface,
the slope will be included in the vertical indication. Therefore, vertical
and horizontal headlamp adjustment should be performed only when the
beam direction appears to be incorrect.
You will need one 4 mm wrench or socket to make the adjustments.
If the vehicle has been in an accident, the vehicle’s front structure
should be properly aligned before aiming the headlamps.
D
U
Horizontal aim adjustment
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface.
2. With the hood open, locate the
horizontal indicator and the
adjusting screw. They are located
below the viewing hole at the rear
of the headlamp assembly.
3. Use a 4 mm wrench or socket to
turn the horizontal adjusting screw
until the “0” mark on the yellow dial
lines up with the reference mark on
the marker (as shown) when viewed directly from above.
49
Lights
Turning the horizontal adjusting
screw in the direction of the arrow
changes the horizontal aim as
shown.
Vertical aim adjustment
1. Park the vehicle on a level
surface.
2. With the hood open, locate the
bubble level and the vertical
adjustment screw. The adjustment
screw is located on the outboard
side of the headlamp.
U
D
U
3. The “U” and “D” on the bubble
indicate the directional change (up
or down) of the vertical aim.
4. Use a 4 mm wrench or socket to
turn the vertical adjusting screw
until the bubble is centered between
the two red lines which represents
the “0” mark position.
D
When the horizontal and vertical indicators are set to the “0” mark, the
headlamp has been properly aimed.
50
Lights
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
signal.
INTERIOR LAMPS
Map lamps
To turn on the map lamps, press the
control next to each lamp.
VENT
ROOF
VENT
Rear dome lamp
The dome lamp lights when:
• any door is opened.
• the instrument panel dimmer
switch is held up until the
courtesy lamps come on.
• any of the remote entry controls
are pressed and the ignition is
OFF.
With the ignition key in the ACC or ON position, the rear dome lamp can
be turned ON or OFF by sliding the control.
51
Lights
BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps frequently:
• Headlamps
• Foglamps
• High-mount brakelamp
• Brakelamps
• Turn signals
• License plate lamp
• Tail lamps
• Back-up lamps
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they can be replaced immediately with
new ones. If a bulb is removed for an extended period of time,
contaminants may enter the lamp housings and affect lamp performance.
Using the right bulbs
Replacement bulbs are specified in the chart below. Headlamp bulbs must
be marked with an authorized “D.O.T.” for North America and an “E” for
Europe to assure lamp performance, light brightness and pattern and safe
visibility. The correct bulbs will not damage the lamp assembly or void the
lamp assembly warranty and will provide quality bulb burn time.
Function
Number of bulbs Trade number
Headlamps
2
9007
3157 AK (amber)
Front park/turn lamps
2
Front sidemarker
2
194 AK (amber)
Foglamps
2
800
Dome/map lamps
2
579
Turn/tail/brake lamps
2
3157K
Liftgate lamp
2
916
Backup lamp
2
579
License lamp
2
168
Running board lamp (if equipped)
2
168
See a dealer or qualified service technician
High-mount brake lamp
All replacement bulbs are clear in color except where noted.
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer
52
Lights
Replacing the interior bulbs
Check the operation of the following interior bulbs frequently:
• interior overhead lamp
• map lamp
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified technician.
Replacing headlamp bulbs
1. Make sure the headlamp control is in the OFF position.
2. Open the hood.
3. At the back of the headlamp,
remove the headlamp assembly
retainers by pushing rearward and
pulling up.
4. Pull the headlamp assembly
forward slightly to expose the
electrical connectors.
5. Rotate the bulb cover
counterclockwise and remove.
6. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the bulb by pulling
rearward.
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Lights
7. Remove the bulb retainer ring by
turning it counterclockwise, then
slide the ring off the plastic base.
8. Without turning, carefully pull the
bulb out of the headlamp assembly.
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of
children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do
not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to
break the next time the headlamps are operated.
9. Insert the glass end of the new bulb into the headlamp assembly.
When the grooves in the plastic base are aligned, push the bulb into the
lamp assembly until the plastic base contacts the rear of the lamp
assembly.
10. To complete installation, follow the removal procedure in reverse
order.
Replacing front parking lamp/turn signal bulbs
1. Make sure the headlamp control is in the OFF position.
2. Open the hood.
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Lights
3. At the back of the headlamp,
remove the headlamp assembly
retainers by pushing rearward and
pulling up.
4. Pull the headlamp assembly
forward slightly to expose the
electrical connectors.
5. Release clip and disconnect the
electrical connector from the bulb
socket.
6. Rotate the bulb socket
counterclockwise and remove.
7. Pull the bulb straight out of the
socket and push in the new bulb.
8. To complete installation of the
parking lamp/turn signal assembly,
follow the removal procedures in reverse order.
Replacing foglamp bulbs
The halogen bulb contains gas under pressure. The bulb may
shatter if the glass envelope is scratched or if the bulb is
dropped. Handle the bulb carefully. Grasp the bulb only by its
base. Avoid touching the glass envelope.
1. Rotate the foglamp bulb
counterclockwise and remove from
foglamp (the rear side of the
foglamp is shown).
2. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the foglamp bulb.
3. Connect the electrical connector
to the new foglamp bulb.
4. Install the foglamp bulb in
foglamp by rotating clockwise.
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Lights
Replacing tail lamp bulbs
1. Open the liftgate to expose the
lamp assembly screws.
2. Remove the two screws from the
lamp assembly.
3. Carefully pry the lamp assembly
away from the vehicle to expose the
bulb socket.
4. Rotate the bulb socket
counterclockwise and remove from
lamp assembly.
5. Pull bulb straight out of socket and push in the new bulb.
6. Install the bulb socket into the lamp assembly and rotate clockwise.
7. Install the lamp assembly on the vehicle and secure with two screws.
Replacing liftgate tail lamp bulb
1. Raise the liftgate and remove the
lamp assembly nuts.
2. Carefully pull the lamp assembly
outward to expose the electrical
connector.
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Lights
3. Rotate the bulb socket
counterclockwise counterclockwise
and remove.
4. Pull bulb straight out of socket
and push in the new bulb.
5. To complete installation, follow
the removal procedure in reverse
order.
Replacing license plate lamp bulbs
To change the license plate bulbs:
1. Remove screw and the license
plate lamp assembly from liftgate.
2. Remove the bulb socket from
lamp assembly by turning
counterclockwise.
3. Carefully pull the bulb out from
the socket and push in the new
bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket in lamp
assembly by turning clockwise.
5. Install the lamp assembly on
liftgate with screw.
Replacing high-mount brakelamp bulbs
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified technician.
Replacing running board lamp bulbs
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified technician.
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Driver controls
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper control
to the desired interval, low or high
speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
Push (tap) the end of the stalk
briefly for a single swipe (no wash).
Push and hold for three swipes with
wash. Push and hold for a longer
wash (up to ten seconds).
Rear window wiper/washer controls
For rear wiper operation, rotate the
rear window wiper and washer
control to the desired position.
Select:
INT 1 — 3.5 second interval rear
wiper.
INT 2 — 10.5 second interval rear
wiper.
OFF — Rear wiper and washer off.
For rear wash cycle, rotate (and hold as desired) the rear wiper/washer
position.
control to either
From either position, the control will automatically return to the INT2 or
OFF position.
Speed dependent wipers
When the windshield wiper control is set on the intermittent settings,
speed-sensitive front wipers automatically adjust as the vehicle’s speed
changes.
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Driver controls
Windshield wiper blades
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when they seem less
effective. Substances such as tree sap and some hot wax treatments used
by commercial car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and
wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
Changing the wiper blades
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
windshield and lock into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the blade and
pull the wiper blade down toward
the windshield to remove it from the
arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
Rear window wiper blades
Refer to Windshield wiper blades in this section for more information
on rear wiper blades.
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Driver controls
TILT STEERING
Pull the tilt steering control toward
you to move the steering wheel up
or down. Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to the desired
position, then release the control.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.
ILLUMINATED VISOR MIRROR (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn on the visor mirror lamps,
lift the mirror cover open.
OVERHEAD CONSOLE
The appearance of your vehicle’s overhead console will vary according to
your option package.
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Driver controls
Forward storage bin (if equipped)
Press the release control to open
the storage compartment. The door
will open slightly and can be moved
to full open.
The storage compartment may be
used to secure sunglasses or a
similar object.
Installing a garage door opener (if equipped)
The storage compartment can be converted to accommodate a variety of
aftermarket garage door openers:
• Place Velcro hook onto back side of aftermarket transmitter opposite
of actuator control.
• Place transmitter into storage compartment, control down.
• Place the provided height adaptors onto the back of the storage bin
door as needed.
• Press the storage compartment door to activate the transmitter.
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Driver controls
One-touch moon roof (if equipped)
• Press and release the rear portion
of the moon roof control to open.
• Press and hold (as desired) the
front portion of the moon roof
control to close.
• To halt motion at any point
during one-touch opening, press
the control a second time.
• The moon roof has a sliding
shade that can be manually
opened or closed when the glass
panel is shut.
• To close the shade, pull it toward
the front of the vehicle.
VENT
ROOF
VENT
Do not let children play with the moon roof. They may seriously
hurt themselves.
Trip computer
For information on the trip computer, refer to Trip computer this
chapter.
Electronic compass (if equipped)
The compass reading may be affected when you drive near large
buildings, bridges, power lines and powerful broadcast antennas.
Magnetic or metallic objects placed in, on or near the vehicle may also
affect compass accuracy.
Usually, when something affects the compass readings, the compass will
correct itself after a few days of operating your vehicle in normal
conditions. If the compass still appears to be inaccurate, a manual
calibration may be necessary. Refer to Compass calibration
adjustment.
Most geographic areas (zones) have a magnetic north compass point that
varies slightly from the northerly direction on maps. This variation is four
degrees between adjacent zones and will become noticeable as the
vehicle crosses multiple zones. A correct zone setting will eliminate this
error. Refer to Compass zone adjustment.
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Driver controls
Compass zone adjustment
1. Determine which magnetic zone
you are in for your geographic
location by referring to the zone
map.
1
15
2
14
3
13
4
12
11
5
6
10
7
8
9
2. Locate the compass module
mounted on the center rear view
mirror post.
3. Turn ignition to the ON position.
4. Press and hold the RESET button
on top of the compass module until
the message display in the trip
computer shows the current zone
setting.
5. Release the RESET button.
6. Press the RESET button until the correct zone is displayed on the trip
computer.
Compass calibration adjustment
Perform this adjustment in an open area free from steel structures and
high voltage lines.
For optimum calibration, turn off all electrical accessories (heater/air
conditioning, wipers, etc.) and make sure all vehicle doors are shut.
1. Start the vehicle.
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Driver controls
2. Press and hold the RESET button
on the compass module until CAL
indicator is displayed in the trip
computer.
3. Release pressure from the RESET
button.
4. Slowly drive the vehicle in a
circle (less than 5 km/h [3 mph]) until the CAL indicator turns off. This
will take three to five circles to complete calibration.
5. The compass is now calibrated.
Power quarter rear windows (if equipped)
• With out a moon roof
VENT
VENT
MODE
E/M
RESET
• With a moon roof
VENT
ROOF
VENT
portion of the VENT control to open the power rear
Press the
quarter windows.
Press the
portion of the VENT control to close the power rear
quarter windows.
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Driver controls
CLOCK
Press H to set the hour.
Press M to set the minute.
AUXILIARY POWER POINT
Power outlets are designed for
accessory plugs only. Do not
hang any type of accessory or
accessory bracket from the plug.
Improper use of the power
outlet can cause damage not covered by your warranty.
The auxiliary power point is located on the instrument panel.
Do not plug optional electrical accessories into the cigarette lighter. Use
the power point.
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Driver controls
Power outlets are designed for
accessory plugs only. Do not
hang any type of accessory or
accessory bracket from the plug.
Improper use of the power
outlet can cause damage not
covered by your warranty.
A second auxiliary power point is
located on the lower rear side of the
console. The power point is
accessible from the rear seats.
POWER WINDOWS
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and close windows.
• Press the top portion of the
rocker switch to close.
AUTO
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Driver controls
• Press the bottom portion of the
rocker switch to open.
AUTO
One touch down
• Press AUTO completely down and
release quickly. The driver’s
window will open fully. Depress
again to stop window operation.
One touch down can be deactivated
during operation by pushing down
on the top part of the driver power
window control.
AUTO
Window lock
The window lock feature allows only
the driver to operate the power
windows.
To lock out all the window controls
WINDOW LOCK
except for the driver’s press the left
side of the control. Press the right side to restore the window controls.
Accessory delay
With accessory delay, the window switches may be used for up to ten
minutes after the ignition switch is turned to the OFF position or until
any door is opened.
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Driver controls
MIRRORS
Automatic dimming rear view mirror
Your vehicle is equipped with an inside rear view mirror with an
auto-dimming function. The electronic day/night mirror will change from
the normal state to the non-glare state when bright lights (glare) reach
the inside rear view mirror. When the inside rear view mirror detects
bright light from in front of or behind the vehicle, the inside rear view
mirror will automatically adjust (darken) to minimize glare.
Do not block the sensor on the backside of the inside rear view mirror
since this may impair proper system performance.
Press the control to turn the mirror
OFF or AUTO.
The mirror will automatically return
to the normal state whenever the
vehicle is placed in R
(Reverse)(when the mirror is on) to ensure a bright clear view when
backing up.
OFF
AUTO
Power side view mirrors
The ignition can be in any position to adjust the power side view mirrors.
To adjust your mirrors:
1. Select L to adjust the left mirror
or R to adjust the right mirror.
MIRRORS
L
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R
Driver controls
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
MIRRORS
L
R
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in place.
4. Adjust spotter mirrors (if equipped) manually.
Heated outside mirrors
Both mirrors are heated
automatically to remove ice, mist
and fog when the rear window
defrost is activated.
Do not remove ice from the mirrors
with a scraper or attempt to
readjust the mirror glass if it is
frozen in place. These actions could
cause damage to the glass and
mirrors.
Signal mirrors (if equipped)
When the turn signal is activated,
the outer portion of the appropriate
mirror housing will blink red.
This provides an additional warning
to other drivers that your vehicle is
about to turn.
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Driver controls
Fold-away mirrors
Pull the side mirrors in carefully
when driving through a narrow
space, like an automatic car wash.
Power fold mirrors (if equipped)
Press the control to retract or
extend the outside rear view
mirrors.
If the mirrors are extended and are pushed-in manually, they will deploy
back out after a short period of time; likewise, if they are retracted and
pulled-out manually, they will deploy back in.
Use caution in certain instances (i.e. automatic car washes) in order to
avoid damage to the mirrors.
POWER ADJUSTABLE FOOT PEDALS
The accelerator and brake pedal
PEDALS
should only be adjusted when the
vehicle is stopped and the gearshift
lever is in the P(Park) position.
Press and hold the rocker control to
adjust accelerator and brake pedal toward you or away from you.
The adjustment allows for approximately 76 mm (3 inches) of maximum
travel.
Never adjust the accelerator and brake pedal with feet on pedals
or while the vehicle is moving.
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Driver controls
SPEED CONTROL
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
Do not shift the gearshift lever
into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
Do not use the speed
control in heavy traffic or
on roads that are winding,
slippery, or unpaved.
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
Once speed control is switched off,
the previously programmed set
speed will be erased.
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Driver controls
To set a speed
• Press SET ACCEL. For speed
control to operate, the speed
control must be ON and the
vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it increases above the
set speed on a downhill. If your vehicle speed is faster than the set
speed while driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the next
lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
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Driver controls
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET ACCEL.
Release the control when the
desired vehicle speed is reached
or
• Press and release SET ACCEL to
operate the Tap-Up function.
Each press will increase the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal. When the desired vehicle
speed is reached, press and
release SET ACCEL.
You can accelerate with the
accelerator pedal at any time during
speed control usage. Releasing the
accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to the previously programmed
set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold COAST. Release
the control when the desired
speed is reached or
• Press and release COAST to
operate the Tap-Down function.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
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Driver controls
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET ACCEL.
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal.
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
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Driver controls
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RESUME. For RESUME to
operate, the vehicle speed must
be faster than 48 km/h (30 mph).
STEERING WHEEL CONTROLS
These controls allow you to operate some radio and climate control
features.
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Driver controls
Radio control features
• Press BAND/MODE to select AM,
FM1, FM2, TAPE or CD (if
equipped).
In Radio mode:
• Press MEM/NEXT to select a
preset station from memory.
NEXT
MODE
In Tape mode:
• Press MEM/NEXT to listen to the next selection on the tape.
In CD mode:
• Press MEM/NEXT to listen to the next track on the disc.
In any mode:
• Press VOL up or down to adjust the volume.
Climate control features
• Press TEMP up or down to adjust temperature.
• Press FAN up or down to adjust fan speed.
HOMELINKT UNIVERSAL TRANSCEIVER (IF EQUIPPED)
The HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver, located on the driver’s visor,
provides a convenient way to replace up to three hand-held transmitters
with a single built-in device. This feature will learn the radio frequency
codes of most current transmitters to operate garage doors, entry gates,
security systems, entry door locks, and home or office lighting.
When programming your HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver, to a
garage door or gate be sure that people and objects are out of
the way to prevent potential harm or damage.
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Driver controls
Do not use the HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver with any garage door
opener that lacks safety stop and reverse features as required by U.S.
federal safety standards (this includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982). A garage door which cannot detect
an object, signaling the door to stop and reverse, does not meet current
U.S. federal safety standards. For more information on this matter, call
toll-free: 1–800–355–3515 or on the Internet at HomeLink.jci.com.
Programming
Do not program the HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver with the
vehicle parked in the garage.
1. Prepare for programming the
HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver by
erasing the three factory default
codes by holding down the two
outside buttons until the red light
begins to flash after 20 seconds.
Release both buttons.
2. Hold the end of your hand-held
transmitter 5–14 cm (2–5 inches)
away from the HomeLinkt Universal
Transceiver surface (located on your visor) while keeping the red light in
view.
3. Using both hands simultaneously
press and hold the hand-held
transmitter button and the desired
HomeLinkt button. Do not release
the buttons until step 4 has been
completed.
Some entry gates and garage door
openers may require you to replace
step 3 with the procedure in the “Canadian Programing” section.
4. The red light will flash slowly and then rapidly. Release both buttons
when the red light flashes rapidly.
5. Follow steps 2 through 4 to program the remaining two buttons.
If you do not successfully program the HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver
after repeated attempts, refer to Rolling code programing which
follows, or call toll-free customer assistance: 1–800–355–3515 or on the
Internet at HomeLink.jci.com.
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Driver controls
Canadian Programming
During programming, your hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting after two seconds which may not be long enough to
program the HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver.
To program your hand-held
transmitters:
• Continue to hold the button on
the HomeLinkt Universal
Transceiver.
• Press and re-press the hand-held
transmitter button every two
seconds until the red light changes from a slow to a fast flash.
Operating the HomeLinkT Universal Transceiver
Once programmed, the HomeLinkt
Universal Transceiver can be used in
place of hand-held transmitters. To
operate, simply press and release the
appropriate HomeLinkt button (the
red light will illuminate, indicating
the signal is being transmitted).
Rolling code programming
Rolling code garage door openers (or other rolling code devices) which
are “code protected” and manufactured after 1996, may be determined
by the following:
• Reference the device owner’s manual for verification
• The hand-held transmitter appears to program the HomeLinkt
Universal Transceiver but does not activate the device.
• Press and hold the trained HomeLinkt button. The device has the
rolling code feature if the indicator light flashes rapidly and then turns
solid after two seconds.
After completing the “Programming” functions, follow these steps to
train a garage door opener with the rolling code feature:
1. Locate the training button on the garage door motor head unit.
Refer to the garage door opener manual or call 1–800–355–3515 or on
the Internet at HomeLink.jci.com. if there is difficulty locating the
training button.
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Driver controls
2. Press the training button on the garage door motor head unit (which
will activate the “training” light).
3. Press and release the
programmed HomeLinkt button.
Press and release the HomeLinkt
button a second time to complete
the training process. (Some garage
door openers may require this
procedure to be done a third time
to complete the training.)
The 2nd or 3rd press from step 3 will activate the door. The HomeLinkt
Universal Transceiver has now been trained to the receiver. The
remaining two buttons may now be programmed if this has not
previously been done.
Erasing HomeLinkT buttons
Individual buttons cannot be erased,
however, to erase the three
programmed buttons:
1. Hold down the two outside
buttons until the red light begins to
flash after 20 seconds.
2. Release both buttons.
Reprogramming a single HomeLinkT button
To program a device to HomeLinkt using a HomeLinkt button previously
trained, follow these steps:
1. Press and hold the desired HomeLinkt button. Do NOT release until
step 4 has been completed.
2. When the indicator light begins to flash slowly (after 20 seconds),
position the hand-held transmitter 5–14 cm (2 to 5 inches) away from
the HomeLinkt surface.
3. Press and hold the hand-held transmitter button.
4. The HomeLinkt indicator light will flash, first slowly and then rapidly.
When the indicator light begins to flash rapidly, release both buttons.
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Driver controls
The previous device has now been erased and the new device can be
activated by pushing the HomeLinkt button that has just been programmed.
TRIP COMPUTER
The trip computer tells you about the condition of your vehicle through
a constant monitor of vehicle systems. You may select display features on
the trip computer for a display of status.
The appearance of your vehicle’s trip computer may differ depending on
your vehicle’s option package, but the functions are the same.
The trip computer only works when the ignition is in the ON position.
Trip computer features follow:
Selectable features
English/metric display
Press this control to change the trip
computer display from metric to
English units. Press again to change
from English to metric units.
Mode control
Each press of the MODE control will
display a different feature as follows:
Fuel range. This displays the
approximate number of kilometers
(miles) left to drive before the fuel
tank is empty. The indicated
distance to empty may be
inaccurate:
• with sustained, drastic changes in
fuel economy (such as trailer towing), but will eventually recover.
• if the vehicle is started while parked on an incline.
• if less than 27 liters (6 gallons) of fuel is added to the fuel tank.
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Driver controls
The fuel range function will flash for 5 seconds when you have
approximately the following distance you can drive before the fuel tank
is empty:
• 80 km (50 miles)
• 40 km (25 miles)
• 16 km (10 miles)
Average fuel economy. The display will indicate the vehicle’s average
fuel economy in liters/100 km (or miles/gallon) since last reset.
• To reset the average fuel
economy:
1. Press the MODE control
repeatedly until AVG F/ECON is
displayed (no other display is
resettable).
2. Press the E/M and MODE
controls simultaneously.
Compass display. Refer to Electronic compass in the Controls and
features chapter for more information.
Off. In this mode the display will go blank indicating the system is off.
OVERDRIVE CONTROL
Activating overdrive
(Overdrive) is the normal drive position for the best fuel economy.
The overdrive function allows automatic upshifts and downshifts through
all available gears.
Deactivating overdrive
Press the Transmission Control
Switch (TCS) located on the end of
OVERDRIVE
the gearshift lever. The
Transmission Control Indicator Light
(TCIL) (the word OFF) will
illuminate on the end of the gearshift lever. The transmission will operate
in all gears except overdrive.
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Driver controls
To return to normal overdrive mode,
press the Transmission Control
OVERDRIVE OFF
Switch again. The TCIL (the word
OFF) will no longer be illuminated.
When you shut off and re-start your vehicle, the transmission will
automatically return to normal
(Overdrive) mode.
For additional information about the gearshift lever and the transmission
control switch operation refer to the Automatic Transmission
Operation section of the Driving chapter.
CENTER CONSOLE
Your vehicle may be equipped with a variety of console features. These
include:
• Utility compartment
• Cupholders
• Coin holder slots
• Tissue box holder
• Compact disc changer (if equipped)
• Cellular phone (if equipped)
Use only soft cups in the cupholder. Hard objects can injure you
in a collision.
Navigation system (if equipped)
The navigation system is located in the center console. For information
on operating the navigation system, refer to the Navigation System
Supplement.
For any other question or problems, contact Navigation Technologies at:
1–888–NAV-MAPS (1–888–628–6277), (800#)
740 East Arques Avenue
Sunnyvale, CA 94086–3734
www.navtech.com
Cellular phone
Refer to the “Cellular phone guide” for instructions on operation.
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Driver controls
Rear center console features (if equipped)
The rear center console incorporates the following features:
• utility compartment
• cupholders
POSITIVE RETENTION FLOOR MAT
Position the floor mat so that the
eyelet is over the pointed end of the
retention post and rotate forward to
lock in. Make sure that the mat does
not interfere with the operation of
the accelerator or the brake pedal.
To remove the floor mat, reverse the
installation procedure.
LIFTGATE
To open the rear window, pull the
left side of the liftgate handle.
To open the liftgate, pull the right
side of the liftgate handle.
• Do not open the liftgate or
liftgate glass in a garage or other
enclosed area with a low ceiling.
If the liftgate glass is raised and
the liftgate is also opened, both
liftgate and glass could be
damaged against a low ceiling.
• Do not leave the liftgate or
liftgate glass open while driving. Doing so could cause serious damage
to the liftgate and its components as well as allowing carbon monoxide
to enter the vehicle.
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Driver controls
Make sure that the liftgate door and/or window are closed to
prevent exhaust fumes from being drawn into the vehicle. This
will also prevent passengers and cargo from falling out. If you must
drive with the liftgate door or window open, keep the vents open so
outside air comes into the vehicle.
LUGGAGE RACK (IF EQUIPPED)
The rear cross-bar can be adjusted to fit the item being carried. The
front cross-bar does not move.
To adjust cross-bar position:
1. Loosen the thumbscrews at both
ends of the rear cross-bar.
2. Slide the cross-bar to the desired
location.
3. Tighten the thumbscrews at both
ends of the cross-bar.
Load luggage at the front cross-bar and adjust the rear cross-bar as
necessary.
• Do not exceed 90.7 kg (200 lb) of luggage if the weight is placed
directly on the cross-bars.
• Do not exceed 68 kg (150 lb) if the weight is resting directly on the
roof.
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Locks and security
KEYS
The key operates all locks on your
vehicle. In case of loss, replacement
keys are available from your dealer.
You should always carry a second
key with you in a safe place in case
you require it in an emergency.
Refer to SecuriLocky Passive
Anti-Theft System for more
information.
POWER DOOR LOCKS
If the door does not unlock when
the U is pressed, see Power door
disable feature in the Remote entry
section in this chapter.
Press U to unlock all doors and L to
lock all doors.
U
L
Childproof door locks
When these locks are set, the rear
doors cannot be opened from the
inside. The rear doors can be
opened from the outside when the
doors are unlocked.
The childproof locks are located on
rear edge of each rear door and
must be set separately for each
door. Setting the lock for one door
will not automatically set the lock
for both doors.
Move lock control up to engage the childproof lock. Move control down
to disengage childproof locks.
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Locks and security
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) This device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Your vehicle is equipped with a remote entry system which allows you to:
• unlock the vehicle doors without a key.
• lock all the vehicle doors without a key.
• activate the personal alarm.
The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the LOCK
position.
This system will disable the power door lock controls. These will not
work until the vehicle is disarmed. Refer to Power door locks in the
Driver Controls chapter for more information.
If there is any potential remote keyless entry problem with your vehicle,
ensure ALL key fobs (remote entry transmitters) are brought to the
dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver door. The interior lamps and
running board lamps will illuminate.
The memory mirrors/seat will also
be moved to position 1, 2 or 3
depending upon which remote entry
transmitter (1, 2 or 3) is used.
Press the control a second time
within three seconds to unlock all
doors.
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Locks and security
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors.
The doors will lock and the lamps
will flash.
To confirm doors are closed and
locked, press this control a second
time within three seconds. The
door(s) will lock again, the horn will
chirp once and the lamps will flash.
If any of the doors are open or ajar,
the horn will make two quick chirps,
reminding you to properly close the doors.
Power door lock disable feature
This feature will help protect your vehicle from unauthorized entry.
The UNLOCK function on the power door switch will not operate with
the ignition OFF and twenty seconds after the doors are closed and
electronically locked by the key fob, key pad, or power door switch (if
pressed while the door was open).
The UNLOCK function will operate again after you unlock the vehicle
using the key fob or key pad, turn the ignition to ON, or open the door
from inside of the vehicle.
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Locks and security
Deactivating/activating power door lock disable feature
1. Turn the ignition key to ON, then
press the UNLOCK button 3 times.
2. Turn the ignition key to OFF,
then press the UNLOCK button 3
times.
3. Turn the ignition key to ON,
within five seconds press the LOCK
button 2 times.
The user should receive 2 horn
chirps to indicate the system has been disabled or 2 chirps followed by
a honk to indicate the system has been enabled.
Pressing the power door LOCK button 2 times again will toggle the trim
switch inhibit states.
Turn ignition to OFF to exit programming.
U
L
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to activate the
alarm.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
control again or turn the ignition to
ACC or ON.
Panic alarm will only operate with
the ignition in the OFF position.
Replacing the battery
The remote transmitter is powered by one coin type three-volt lithium
battery CR2032 or equivalent. Typical operating range will allow you to
be up to 10 meters (33 feet) away from your vehicle. A decrease in
operating range can be caused by:
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
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Locks and security
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two
halves of the transmitter near the
key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE
FRONT PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new
battery in the same orientation.
Refer to the diagram inside the
transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back
together.
Replacement of the battery will not cause the remote transmitter to
become deprogrammed from your vehicle. The remote transmitter should
operate normally after battery replacement.
Replacing lost transmitters
If a remote transmitter has been lost
and you would like to remove it
from the vehicle’s memory, or you
would like to purchase additional
remote transmitters and have them
programmed to your vehicle:
• Take all your vehicle’s
transmitters to your dealer for
programming, or
• Perform the programming
procedure yourself
Programming remote transmitters
It is necessary to have all (maximum of four — original and/or new) of
your remote transmitters available prior to beginning this procedure.
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Locks and security
To program the transmitters yourself:
• Place the key in the ignition and
turn from 2 (LOCK) to 3 (OFF)
4
and cycle between 3 (OFF) and
3
4(ON) eight times in rapid
5
succession (within 10 seconds)
with the eighth turn ending in the
2
4 (ON) position. The doors will
lock/unlock to confirm that
programming mode has been
1
entered.
• Within 20 seconds, program a
remote transmitter by pressing any button on a transmitter. The doors
will lock/unlock to confirm that the remote transmitter has been
programmed. (If more than 20 seconds pass before pressing a remote
transmitter button, the programming mode will exit and the procedure
will have to be repeated.)
• Repeat the previous step to program additional remote transmitters.
The doors will lock/unlock to confirm that each remote transmitter has
been programmed.
• When you have completed programming the remote transmitters, turn
the ignition to 3 (OFF). Again the doors will lock/unlock to confirm
programming has been completed.
Illuminated entry
The illuminated entry system will turn on the interior lights when the
remote transmitter unlock control is pressed.
The illuminated entry system will turn off the interior lights if the
ignition switch is turned to the ON position, or if the remote transmitter
lock control is pressed, or after 25 seconds of illumination.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer control or
• any door is open
The battery save feature will turn off the interior lights 45 minutes after
the last door is closed, even if the dimmer control is on.
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Locks and security
Memory seat/mirrors/adjustable pedal feature
The memory feature allows automatic positioning of the driver seat, side
mirrors and adjustable pedals to three programmable positions.
• To program position one, move the driver seat, both side mirrors, and
adjustable pedals to the desired positions. Press the SET control. The
SET control indicator light will briefly illuminate. While the light is
illuminated, press control 1.
• To program position two, repeat the previous procedure using control
2.
• To program position three, repeat the previous procedure but press
controls 1 and 2 simultaneously.
The memory feature also allows you to recall previously stored positions
with your remote transmitter(s). Up to three remote transmitters can be
activated to utilize the memory recall positions.
Press the memory feature control to move to the previously stored
seat/mirror/adjustable pedal positions.
Activating/deactivating the memory feature on your remote
transmitter
The memory feature from the remote transmitter can be turned off/on,
however, the memory control buttons will continue to operate. Before
following the procedure, make sure that the ignition is OFF and all doors
and the liftgate window are closed. You must complete steps 1–7 within
30 seconds or the procedure will have to be repeated. If the procedure
needs to be repeated, you must wait 30 seconds.
1. Turn the ignition key to ON.
2. Press the power door unlock control three times.
3. Turn the ignition key from ON to OFF.
4. Press the power door unlock control three times.
5. Turn the ignition back to ON. The horn will chirp.
6. Press the power door unlock control two times, then press the power
lock control once. The horn will chirp twice if the memory feature was
deactivated or three times (two short and one long chirp) if the memory
feature was activated.
7. Turn ignition to OFF. The horn will chirp once to confirm the
procedure is complete.
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Locks and security
Autolock (if equipped)
This feature automatically locks all vehicle doors when:
• all doors, liftgate and liftgate window are closed
• the engine is running
• you shift into any gear putting the vehicle in motion.
Relock
The autolock feature repeats when:
• any door, except the drivers, is opened then closed while the engine is
running and
• you put the vehicle in motion.
Deactivating/activating the autolock feature
Before following the procedure, make sure that the ignition is OFF and
all vehicle doors and the liftgate window are closed.
You must complete steps 1-7 within 30 seconds or the procedure will
have to be repeated. If the procedure needs to be repeated, you must
wait 30 seconds.
1. Turn the ignition key to ON.
2. Press the power door unlock control three times.
3. Turn the ignition key from ON to OFF.
4. Press the power door unlock control three times.
5. Turn the ignition back to ON. The horn will chirp.
6. Press the unlock control, then press the lock control. The horn will
chirp once if autolock was deactivated or twice (one short and one long
chirp) if autolock was activated.
7. Turn the ignition to OFF. The horn will chirp once to confirm the
procedure is complete.
KEYLESS ENTRY SYSTEM
With the keyless entry keypad, you can:
• lock or unlock the vehicle doors without using the key.
Your vehicle has a factory set 5 digit code that operates the keyless entry
system. You can also program your own 5 digit personal entry code. The
factory-set code is located:
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Locks and security
• on the owner’s wallet card in the glove compartment
• taped to the computer module
• or at your dealer.
When pressing the controls on the keyless entry keypad, press the
middle of the controls to ensure a good activation.
This system will disable the power door lock controls. These will not
work until the vehicle is disarmed. Refer to Power door locks in the
Driver Controls chapter for more information.
Programming your own personal entry code
To program your own code:
1. Enter factory set code (keypad will illuminate when pressed).
2. Press 1/2 control within five
seconds of step 1.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
3. Enter your personal 5 digit code.
Enter each digit within five seconds
of previous one.
Do not set a code that includes five of the same number or presents
them in sequential order. Thieves can easily figure out these types of
codes.
Your personal code does not replace the permanent code that the
dealership gave you. You can use either code to unlock your vehicle. If a
second personal code is entered, the module will erase it in favor of the
new code.
If you wish to erase your personal code, use the following instructions:
1. Enter factory set code.
2. Press 1/2 control within five
seconds of step one.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
3. Press 7/8 control and 9/0 control
at the same time within five seconds
of step 2.
The system will now only respond to the factory set code.
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Locks and security
Anti-scan feature
The keyless entry pad is disabled for
1 minute after 7 unsuccessful
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
attempts at entering a valid key
code. The keypad will flash during
this 1 minute mode. However, the 7/8 and 9/0 controls will still lock the
vehicle.
Anti-scan will turned off after:
• one minute of keypad inactivity
• the keyfob UNLOCK button is pressed.
• the ignition is turned to the ON position
Unlocking the doors with the keyless entry system
To unlock the driver door, enter
either the factory set code or the
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
personal code (each digit must be
pressed within five seconds of the
prior digit). The interior lamps will
also illuminate.
To unlock all doors, enter the factory set code or personal code (driver
door unlocks) and press the 3/4 control within five seconds.
Locking the doors with the keyless entry system
It is not necessary to enter the
factory or personal code prior to
1 2 3 4 5 6
locking all doors. To lock the doors:
• Press the 7/8 control and the 9/0
control at the same time.
7 8
9 0
Activating/deactivating autolock with the keyless entry system
Before following the activation or
deactivation procedures, make sure
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
that the anti-theft system (if
equipped) is not armed, ignition is
off, and all vehicle doors and liftgate window are closed.
1. Enter 5 digit entry code
2. Press and hold 7/8 control
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Locks and security
3. Press and release 3/4 control while holding 7/8 control
4. Release 7/8 control.
The horn will chirp once if autolock was deactivated or twice (one short
and one long chirp) if autolock was activated.
To re-activate autolock, repeat steps 1–4.
SECURILOCKY PASSIVE ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM
SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system is an engine immobilization
system. This system prevents the engine from being started unless a
coded key programmed to your vehicle is used.
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system is not compatible with
non-Ford aftermarket remote start systems. Use of these systems may
result in vehicle starting problems and a loss of security protection.
Automatic arming
The vehicle is armed immediately
after switching the ignition to the 3
(OFF) position. The THEFT light in
the instrument cluster will flash
every two seconds when the vehicle
is armed.
4
3
5
2
1
Automatic disarming
Switching the ignition to the 4 (ON) position with a coded key disarms
the vehicle. The THEFT light will illuminate for three seconds and then
go out. If the THEFT light stays on for an extended period of time or
flashes rapidly, have the system serviced by your dealership or a
qualified technician.
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Locks and security
Key information
Your vehicle is supplied with two
coded keys. Only a coded key will
start your vehicle. Spare coded keys
can be purchased from your
dealership. Your dealership can
program your key or you can “do it
yourself”, refer to Programming
spare keys.
Large metallic objects, electronic
devices on the key chain that can be
used to purchase gasoline or similar
items, or a second key on the same
key ring as the coded key may
cause vehicle starting issues. If
present, you need to keep these
objects from touching the coded
key while starting the engine. These
objects and devices cannot damage
the coded key, but can cause a
momentary NO—START condition if
they are too close to the key during
engine start. If a problem occurs,
turn ignition OFF and restart the
engine with all other objects on the
key ring held away from the ignition key. Check to make sure the coded
key is an approved Lincoln coded key.
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Locks and security
If your keys are lost or stolen you
will need to do the following:
• Use your spare key to start the
vehicle, or
• Have your vehicle towed to a
dealership or locksmith. The key
codes will need to be erased from
your vehicle and new key codes will need to be re-coded.
Replacing coded keys can be very costly and you may want to store an
extra programmed key away from the vehicle in a safe place to prevent
an unforeseen inconvenience.
The correct coded key must be used for your vehicle. The use of the
wrong type of coded key may lead to a “NO-START” condition.
If an unprogrammed key is used in the ignition it will cause a
“NO START” condition.
Programming spare keys
A maximum of eight keys can be coded to your vehicle. Only
SecuriLocky keys can be used. To program a coded key yourself, you
will need two previously programmed coded keys (keys that already
operate your vehicle’s engine) and the new unprogrammed key(s) readily
accessible for timely implementation of each step in the procedure.
If two previously programmed coded keys are not available, you must
bring your vehicle to your dealership to have the spare coded key(s)
programmed.
Please read and understand the entire procedure before you begin.
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Locks and security
1. Insert the first previously
programmed coded key into the
4
ignition and turn the ignition from 3
3
(OFF) to 4 (ON) (maintain ignition
5
in 4 (ON) for at least one second).
2. Turn ignition to 3 (OFF) then 2
2
(LOCK) and remove the first coded
key from the ignition.
1
3. Within five seconds of removing
the first coded key, insert the
second previously programmed coded key into the ignition and turn the
ignition from 3 (OFF) to 4 (ON) (maintain ignition in 4 (ON) for at least
one second but no more than five seconds).
4. Turn the ignition to 3 (OFF) then 2 (LOCK) and remove the second
coded key from the ignition.
5. Within 10 seconds of removing the second coded key, insert the new
unprogrammed key (new key/valet key) into the ignition and turn the
ignition from 3 (OFF) to 4 (ON) (maintain ignition in 4 (ON) for at least
one second). This step will program your new key to a coded key.
6. To program additional new unprogrammed key(s), repeat this
procedure from step 1.
If successful, the new coded key(s) will start the vehicle’s engine and the
theft indicator will illuminate for three seconds and then go out.
If not successful, the new coded key(s) will not start the vehicle’s engine
and the theft indicator will flash on and off and you may repeat steps 1
through 6. If failure repeats, bring your vehicle to your dealership to
have the new spare key(s) programmed.
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Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Adjustable head restraints (if equipped)
Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head restraints which are
vertically adjustable. The purpose of these head restraints is to help limit
head motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly adjust your head
restraints, lift the head restraint so that it is located directly behind your
head or as close to that position as possible. Refer to the following to
raise and lower the head restraints.
The head restraints can be moved
up and down.
Using the power lumbar support (if equipped)
The power lumbar control is located
on the outboard side of the seat.
Press one side of the control to
adjust firmness.
Press the other side of the control to adjust softness.
Adjusting the front power seat (if equipped)
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
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Seating and safety restraints
Reclining the seatback can reduce the effectiveness of the seat’s
safety belt in the event of a collision.
The control is located on the outboard side of the seat cushion.
Press to raise or lower the front
portion of the seat cushion.
Press to raise or lower the rear
portion of the seat cushion.
Press the control to move the seat
forward, backward, up or down.
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Seating and safety restraints
Memory seats/rearview mirrors/adjustable pedals (if equipped)
This system allows automatic
positioning of the driver seat,
outside rearview mirrors, and
SET
adjustable pedals to three
programmable positions.
The memory seat control is located
on the driver door.
1
2
• To program position one, move
the driver seat to the desired
position using the seat controls.
Press the SET control. The SET control indicator light will briefly
illuminate. While the light is illuminated, press control 1.
• To program position two, repeat the previous procedure using control
2.
• To program position three, repeat the previous procedure but press
controls 1 and 2 simultaneously.
A position can only be recalled when the transmission gearshift is in
Park. A memory seat position may be programmed at any time.
The memory seat positions are also recalled when you press your remote
entry transmitter UNLOCK control.
To program the memory seat to remote entry transmitter, refer to
Remote entry system in the Locks and security chapter.
Heated seats (if equipped)
To operate the heated seats:
• Push control to activate.
• Push again to deactivate.
The indicator light on the control will illuminate when activated.
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Seating and safety restraints
CLIMATE CONTROL SEATS (if equipped)
To operate the climate control seats the engine must be running.
to heat
• Slide the control to
the seatback and the seat
cushion.
• Slide the control to
to cool
the seatback and the seat
cushion.
5
3
In heat mode:
• Rotate the thumbwheel to select the desired heat level from 0 (OFF)
to 5 (MAX).
In cool mode:
• Rotate the thumbwheel to select the desired cooling level from 0
(OFF) to 5 (MAX). When setting 1 is selected, the seat(s) will provide
vent cooling only (same temperature as cabin air).
Allow five minutes for the temperature level to stabilize.
The thumbwheel selection level numbers will illuminate when the system
is turned on.
If the climate control seat is not turned OFF (0), the seat will return to
the selected temperature level each time the ignition is turned to ON.
CLIMATE CONTROL SEATS air filter replacement (if equipped)
The climate control seat system includes an air filter that has to be
replaced periodically. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
more information.
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Seating and safety restraints
• There is a filter located under
both front seats.
,,,,
• It can be accessed from the
second row seat. Move the front
seat all the way forward and up
to ease access.
To remove climate control seat air
filter:
• Remove key from ignition.
• Push on the outside rigid edge of
the air filter at the center and
rotate downward once tab is
released.
,,,,
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Seating and safety restraints
• Remove filter.
To install climate control seat air filter:
• First, position the filter in it’s
housing making sure that the far
forward end is all the way up in
the housing. Then push in on the
center of the outside edge of the
filter and rotate up into the
housing until it clips into position.
REAR SEATS
Adjustable head restraints
Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head restraints which are
vertically adjustable. The purpose of these head restraints is to help limit
head motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly adjust your head
restraints, lift the head restraint so that it is located directly behind your
head or as close to that position as possible. Refer to the following to
raise and lower the head restraints.
Push or pull the head rests to the
desired position.
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Seating and safety restraints
Rear folding bench seat (if equipped)
Folding down the rear seats
Ensure that the headrest is in the down position and no objects such as
books, purses or briefcases are on the floor in front of the second row
seats before folding them down.
Move front passenger seat forward so that the second row seat head rest
clears the front seat.
1. Locate handle below the seat cushion near the bottom of the door side
cushion that reads “FOLD FLAT OR RECLINE”.
2. Lift the handle and push the seatback toward the front of the vehicle.
3. Press the green control on the
seatback to release the closeout
panel. Rotate the panel to closeout
the space in the floor.
4. Once the second row seats are in
the down position, the front seats
may be readjusted.
Returning the seat to upright
Always latch the vehicle seat to the floor, whether the seat is
occupied or empty. If not latched, the seat may cause injury
during a sudden stop.
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Seating and safety restraints
1. Rotate the closeout panel onto
the seatback and press the black
control (adjacent to the green
control) to lock.
2. Locate and lift the handle that
reads “FOLD FLAT OR RECLINE”.
3. Pull on the seatback while lifting
the handle to lift the seat into the
upright position.
Reclining the seatback
Locate the lever at the bottom of
the seatback that reads “FOLD
FLAT OR RECLINE”. Pull the lever
upwards to recline the seatback.
Third row seat
The third row seat is equipped with combination lap and shoulder belts
in the outboard seating positions and a manual adjust tongue lap belt in
the center seating position. For information on the proper operation of
the safety restraints, refer to Safety Restraints in this chapter.
The third row seat may be removed from the vehicle for additional cargo
space.
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Seating and safety restraints
Accessing the third row seat
Your vehicle is equipped with an
easy entry second row seat feature
which allows ready access to the
third row seat. You may enter the
third row seat:
• through the passenger side rear
door if your vehicle has a second
row bench seat
• through either rear door if your
vehicle has second row bucket
seats
Ensure that the second row seat is in the upright position in order to
achieve optimum access to the third row.
To minimize the risk of personal injury, the third row seat should not be
left in the forward, stowed position while the vehicle is in motion. Please
ensure that the seat is in the upright, fully latched position before
putting the vehicle in motion.
1. Locate and lift seat control “3RD ROW ENTRY” to release seatback
and cushion to flip toward the front seat.
2. After entering the seat, reverse this procedure; ensure that the latch
tub and surrounding areas are clear.
Folding down the third row seat
Pull the seat release lever located
on the lower right side of the
seatback while pushing the seatback
down into the seat cushion. The
seatback will latch into place.
Pull the seat release lever to return
the seatback into the upright seating
position.
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Seating and safety restraints
Removing the third row seat
From the rear of the vehicle, with
the liftgate open:
1. Disengage the lap/shoulder belt
from the floor by inserting a key or
small screwdriver through the hole
in the boot of the detachable
anchor. Then, press the release
button to separate the detachable
anchor from the anchor tongue.
2. Before removing the seat, be sure
that the detachable anchor tongue is
stowed flat into the vehicle floor.
3. Use the black plastic clip (located
just above the detachable anchor) to
stow the loose seat belt.
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Seating and safety restraints
• Pull the seat release lever located
on the lower right side of the
seatback while pushing the
seatback down into the seat
cushion.
• The seatback will latch into place.
4. Lift the seat release bar located
at the center of the seat near the
floor to release the floor latches.
5. While pulling up on the release
bar, lift the seat up and out of the floor tubs and roll seat rearward.
6. With assistance, lift the seat out of the vehicle.
Installing the third row seat
Always latch the vehicle seat to the floor, whether the seat is
occupied or empty. If not latched, the seat may cause injury
during a sudden stop.
When reinstalling a rear seat in your vehicle it must be placed in
its original position. Improper installation of the seat will prevent
correct use of the safety belts and could increase the risk of injury.
Refer to the warning label on the seat belt.
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Seating and safety restraints
Before installing your third row seat,
ensure that the detachable anchor
tongues are stowed into the floor
and the loose belts are stored out of
the way. For proper latching, ensure
that the floor tubs are clear of
debris.
From the rear of the vehicle, with
the liftgate open:
1. With assistance, lift the seat into the rear of the vehicle and position
front rollers onto the track. By rolling the seat forward, guide the seat
positioners over the front pins of the floor tubs.
2. Guide the positioners around each pin and lower the seat.
• When the rear of the seat is 10–13 cm (4–5 in) above the rear pins,
let the seat drop. This will ensure that the seat will properly latch into
the floor.
3. Locate the seat belt anchor tongue in the plastic housing on the floor.
4. Disconnect the detachable anchor from its stowage location and
connect it to the anchor tongue (making sure that the label on the
detachable anchor is pointing toward the outside of the vehicle (left
side) and that the belts are not twisted or jammed).
NOTE:Improper installation of the seat belt anchor will prevent correct
use of the safety belt and could increase the risk or injury.
5. Insert the seat detachable anchor into detachable anchor tongue until
you hear a “click” and feel the latch engage.
6. Push up on the seat to verify that it is latched into the floor.
7. Verify that the safety belts can move freely on either side of the seat.
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Seating and safety restraints
3rd row tip/stow feature
The 3rd row seat has a tip/stow feature to increase cargo space without
removing the seat from the vehicle.
To put seat in tip/stow position:
1. Pull the seat release lever located
on the lower right side of the
seatback while pushing the seatback
down into the seat cushion.
2. The seatback will latch into place.
3. To release the rear floor latches
of the 3rd row seat, lift the seat
release bar located at the center of
the seat near the floor to release the
floor latches.
4. Lift back of seat up and hold.
5. Lift latch up and out of floor tub
to upright position using the strap
on the latch.
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Seating and safety restraints
6. Pull down support bar and push
into floor latch.
To return seat to seating position:
1. Hold seat and pull support bar from floor latch.
2. Rotate support bar up under seat.
3. Rotate floor latch down into floor tub.
4. Lower the seat. When the rear of the seat is 10–13 cm (4–5 in) above
the rear pins, let the seat drop. This will ensure that the seat will
properly latch into the floor.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
To reduce the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
can be properly restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag (SRS) is
provided.
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It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely
to die than a person wearing a safety belt.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm.
2) Never swing the safety belt around your neck over the inside
shoulder. 3) Never use a single belt for more than one person.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt tongue into the proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming from) until you hear a snap and feel it
latch. Make sure the tongue is securely fastened in the buckle.
• Front seats
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• Rear seats (if equipped)
2. To unfasten, push the release button and remove the tongue from the
buckle.
• Front seats
• Rear seats (if equipped)
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The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are
combination lap and shoulder belts. The front passenger and rear seat
outboard safety belts have two types of locking modes described below:
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing free
shoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking in
response to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of
approximately 8 km/h (5 mph) or more, the combination safety belts will
lock to help reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.
The safety belt system can also be made to lock manually by quickly
pulling on the shoulder belt.
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• Any time a child safety seat is installed in a passenger front or
outboard rear seating position (if equipped). Children 12 years old and
under should be properly restrained in the rear seat whenever
possible. Refer to Safety Restraints for Children or Safety Seats for
Children later in this chapter.
How to use the automatic locking mode
1. Buckle the combination lap and shoulder belt.
• Front seats
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• Rear seats (if equipped)
2. Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire belt
is extracted.
3. Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Ford Motor Company recommends that all safety belt assemblies
and attaching hardware should be inspected by a qualified
technician after any collision. Safety belt assemblies not in use during a
collision should also be inspected and replaced if either damage or
improper operation is noted.
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Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
After any vehicle collision, the front passenger outboard seat belt
system must be checked by a qualified technician to verify that
the “automatic locking retractor” feature for child seats is still
functioning properly. In addition, all seat belts should be checked for
proper function.
BELT AND RETRACTOR ASSEMBLY MUST BE REPLACED if
the seat belt assembly “automatic locking retractor” feature or
any other seat belt function is not operating properly when checked
according to the procedures in Workshop Manual.
Failure to replace the Belt and Retractor assembly could
increase the risk of injury in collisions.
Safety belt pretensioner
Your vehicle is equipped with safety belt pretensioners at the driver and
front passenger seating positions.
The safety belt pretensioner is a device which removes excess webbing
from the safety belt system. The safety belt pretensioner uses the same
crash sensor system as the front air bag supplemental restraint system
(SRS). When the safety belt pretensioner deploys, webbing from the lap
and shoulder belt is tightened. The driver and front passenger seat belt
system (including retractors, buckles and height adjusters) must be
replaced if the vehicle is involved in a collision that results in
deployment of front air bags and safety belt pretensioners. Refer to the
Safety belt maintenance section in this chapter.
Failure to replace the safety belt assembly under the above
conditions could result in severe personal injuries in the event of
a collision.
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Front and second row safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety belt height
adjustments for the driver, front
passenger and second row outboard
passengers. Adjust the height of the
shoulder belt so the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder.
To lower the shoulder belt height,
push the button down and slide the
height adjuster down. To raise the
height of the shoulder belt, slide the
height adjuster up. Pull down on the
height adjuster to make sure it is locked in place.
Position the shoulder belt height adjusters so that the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety
belt properly could reduce the effectiveness of the seat belt and
increase the risk of injury in a collision.
Lap belts
Adjusting the lap belt
The lap belt should fit snugly and as low as possible around the
hips, not across the waist.
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• 1st row and 3rd row (if equipped) center seating positions
The lap belt does not adjust automatically.
Insert the tongue into the correct
buckle (the buckle closest to the
direction the tongue is coming
from). To lengthen the belt, turn the
tongue at a right angle to the belt
and pull across your lap until it
reaches the buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end of the belt
through the tongue until it fits
snugly across the hips.
Shorten and fasten the belt when
not in use.
• 2nd row center seating position (if equipped)
The lap belt will adjust automatically. To fasten, grasp the tongue, and
with a continuous motion, pull out enough webbing to buckle the tongue
into the correct buckle. If you did not pull out enough webbing to reach
the buckle, allow the tongue to retract fully before trying to pull it out
again.
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
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Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition switch
is turned to the ON position...
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates 1-2 minutes and the
warning chime sounds 4-8
seconds.
The safety belt warning light and
warning chime turn off.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled
while the indicator light is
illuminated and the warning chime
is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The safety belt warning light and
before the ignition switch is turned indicator chime remain off.
to the ON position...
BeltMinder
The BeltMinder feature is a supplemental warning to the safety belt
warning function. This feature provides additional reminders to the
driver that the driver’s safety belt is unbuckled by intermittently
sounding a chime and illuminating the safety belt warning lamp in the
instrument cluster.
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled approximately 5 seconds
after the safety belt warning light
has turned off...
Then...
The BeltMinder feature is
activated - the safety belt warning
light illuminates and the warning
chime sounds for 6 seconds every
30 seconds, repeating for
approximately 5 minutes or until
safety belt is buckled.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The BeltMinder feature will not
while the safety belt indicator light activate.
is illuminated and the safety belt
warning chime is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The BeltMinder feature will not
before the ignition switch is turned activate.
to the ON position...
The purpose of the BeltMinder is to remind occasional wearers to wear
safety belts all of the time.
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The following are reasons most often given for not wearing safety belts:
(All statistics based on U.S. data)
Reasons given...
“Crashes are rare
events”
Consider...
36 700 crashes occur every day. The more we
drive, the more we are exposed to “rare” events,
even for good drivers. 1 in 4 of us will be
seriously injured in a crash during our lifetime.
“I’m not going far” 3 of 4 fatal crashes occur within 25 miles of home.
“Belts are
We design our safety belts to enhance comfort. If
uncomfortable”
you are uncomfortable - try different positions for
the safety belt upper anchorage and seatback
which should be as upright as possible; this can
improve comfort.
“I was in a hurry” Prime time for an accident. BeltMinder reminds
us to take a few seconds to buckle up.
“Seat belts don’t
Safety belts, when used properly, reduce risk of
work”
death to front seat occupants by 45% in cars,
and by 60% in light trucks.
“Traffic is light”
Nearly 1 of 2 deaths occur in single-vehicle
crashes, many when no other vehicles are around.
“Belts wrinkle my Possibly, but a serious crash can do much more
clothes”
than wrinkle your clothes, particularly if you are
unbelted.
“The people I’m
Set the example, teen deaths occur 4 times more
with don’t wear
often in vehicles with TWO or MORE people.
belts”
Children and younger brothers/sisters imitate
behavior they see.
“I have an air bag” Air bags offer greater protection when used with
safety belts. Frontal airbags are not designed to
inflate in rear and side crashes or rollovers.
“I’d rather be
Not a good idea. People who are ejected are 40
thrown clear”
times more likely to DIE. Safety belts help
prevent ejection, WE CAN’T “PICK OUR CRASH”.
Do not sit on top of a buckled safety belt to avoid the Belt
Minder chime. Sitting on the safety belt will increase the risk of
injury in an accident. To disable (one-time) or deactivate the Belt
Minder feature please follow the directions stated below.
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One time disable
Any time the safety belt is buckled and then unbuckled during an
ignition ON cycle, BeltMinder will be disabled for that ignition cycle only.
Deactivating/activating the BeltMinder feature
Read steps 1 - 9 thoroughly before proceeding with the
deactivation/activation programming procedure.
The BeltMinder feature can be deactivated/activated by performing the
following procedure:
Before following the procedure, make sure that:
• the parking brake is set
• the gearshift is in P (Park) (automatic transmission)
• the ignition switch is in the OFF position
• all vehicle doors are closed
• the driver’s safety belt is unbuckled
• the parklamps/headlamps are in OFF position (If vehicle is equipped
with Autolamps, this will not affect the procedure.)
To reduce the risk of injury, do not deactivate/activate the Belt
Minder feature while driving the vehicle.
1. Turn the ignition switch to the RUN (or ON) position. (DO NOT
START THE ENGINE)
2. Wait until the safety belt warning light turns off. (Approximately 1–2
minutes)
• Steps 3–5 must be completed within 60 seconds or the procedure will
have to be repeated.
3. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times, ending with the
safety belt unbuckled. This can be done before or during BeltMinder
warning activation.
4. Turn on the parklamps/headlamps, turn off the parklamps/headlamps.
5. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times, ending with the
safety belt unbuckled.
• After step 5 the safety belt warning light will be turned on for three
seconds.
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6. Within seven seconds of the safety belt warning light turning off,
buckle then unbuckle the safety belt.
• This will disable BeltMinder if it is currently enabled, or enable
BeltMinder if it is currently disabled.
7. Confirmation of disabling BeltMinder is provided by flashing the safety
belt warning light four times per second for three seconds.
8. Confirmation of enabling BeltMinder is provided by flashing the safety
belt warning light four times per second for three seconds, followed by
three seconds with the safety belt warning light off, then followed by
flashing the safety belt warning light four times per second for three
seconds again.
9. After receiving confirmation, the deactivation/activation procedure is
complete.
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt is too short when fully extended, there is a 20 cm (8
inch) safety belt extension assembly that can be added (part number
611C22). This assembly can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended. Do not use extensions to change the
fit of the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make sure
there are no nicks, tears or cuts. Replace if necessary. All safety belt
assemblies, including retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle
assemblies, buckle support assemblies (slide bar-if equipped), shoulder
belt height adjusters (if equipped), shoulder belt guide on seatback (if
equipped), child safety seat tether bracket assemblies (if equipped),
LATCH child seat tether anchors and lower anchors (if equipped), and
attaching hardware, should be inspected after a collision. Ford Motor
Company recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in vehicles
involved in a collision be replaced. However, if the collision was minor
and a qualified technician finds that the belts do not show damage and
continue to operate properly, they do not need to be replaced. Safety
belt assemblies not in use during a collision should also be inspected and
replaced if either damage or improper operation is noted.
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Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety belt
assembly under the above conditions could result in severe
personal injuries in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts in the Cleaning
chapter.
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and diagnostic module
which records information about the air bag and sensor systems. In the
event of a collision this module may save information related to the
collision including information about the air bag system and impact
severity. This information will assist Ford Motor Company in the
servicing vehicle and helping to better understand real world collisions
and further improve the safety of future vehicles.
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Important supplemental restraint system (SRS) precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to work with the safety
belt to help protect the driver and
right front passenger from certain
upper body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT inflate slowly or
gently and the risk of injury from a
deploying air bag is greatest close to
the trim covering the air bag
module.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag (SRS) is
provided.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
recommends a minimum distance of at least 25 cm (10 inches)
between an occupant’s chest and the driver air bag module.
Never place your arm over the air bag module as a deploying air
bag can result in serious arm fractures or other injuries.
Steps you can take to properly position yourself away from the air bag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the
pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat slightly (one or two degrees) from the upright
position.
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Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing
objects on or over the air bag inflation area may cause those
objects to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing
serious injury.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the air bag
supplemental restraint systems or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln Mercury dealer.
Modifications to the front end of the vehicle, including frame,
bumper, front end body structure and tow hooks may affect the
performance of the air bag sensors increasing the risk of injury. Do not
modify the front end of the vehicle.
Additional equipment may affect the performance of the air bag
sensors increasing the risk of injury. Please refer to the Body
Builders Layout Book for instructions about the appropriate installation
of additional equipment.
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Children and air bags
For additional important safety
information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.
Children must always be properly
restrained. Accident statistics
suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear
seating positions than in the front
seating position. Failure to follow
these instructions may increase the
risk of injury in a collision.
Air bags can kill or injure a
child in a child seat.
NEVER place a rear-facing child
seat in front of an active air bag. If
you must use a forward-facing
child seat in the front seat, move
the seat all the way back.
How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?
The air bag SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
longitudinal deceleration sufficient
to cause the sensors to close an
electrical circuit that initiates air
bag inflation.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation. Air bags are designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover, side-impact, or rear-impacts unless
the collision causes sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
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The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation. After air bag
deployment, it is normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery residue or
smell the burnt propellant. This may
consist of cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate the bag) or
sodium compounds (e.g., baking
soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the
air bag. Small amounts of sodium
hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but
none of the residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help
reduce serious injuries, contact with
a deploying air bag may also cause abrasions, swelling or temporary
hearing loss. Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable
force, there is the risk of death or serious injuries such as fractures,
facial and eye injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants who
are not properly restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time
of air bag deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be
properly restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
touch them after inflation.
If the air bag has deployed, the air bag will not function
again and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which include the inflators and
air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors and diagnostic monitor (RCM),
• a readiness light and tone
• the electrical wiring which connects the components.
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The RCM (restraints control module) monitors its own internal circuits
and the supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the
impact sensors, the system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the
air bag back up power and the air bag ignitors).
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument cluster or a tone to
indicate the condition of the system. Refer to Air bag readiness section
in the Instrument cluster chapter. Routine maintenance of the air bag is
not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness light will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness light will not
illuminate immediately after ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and/or light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
Side air bag system (if equipped)
Do not place objects or mount equipment on or near the air bag
cover on the side of the seatbacks of the front seats or in front
seat areas that may come into contact with a deploying air bag. Failure
to follow these instructions may increase the risk of personal injury in
the event of a collision.
Do not use accessory seat covers. The use of accessory seat
covers may prevent the deployment of the side air bags and
increase the risk of injury in an accident.
Do not lean your head on the door. The side air bag could injure
you as it deploys from the side of the seatback.
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Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the air bag
supplemental restraint system, its fuses or the seat cover on a
seat containing an air bag. See your Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealer.
All occupants of the vehicle including the driver should always
wear their safety belts even when an air bag SRS is provided.
How does the side air bag system work?
The side air bag system consists of
the following:
• An inflatable nylon bag (air bag)
with a gas generator concealed
behind the outboard bolster of
the driver and front passenger
seatbacks.
• A special seat cover designed to
allow airbag deployment.
• The same warning light,
electronic control and diagnostic
unit as used for the front air
bags.
• Two crash sensors located under
the outboard side of the front
seats, attached to the floor.
Side air bags, in combination with seat belts, can help reduce the risk of
severe injuries in the event of a significant side impact collision.
The side air bags are fitted on the outboard side of the seatbacks of the
front seats. In certain lateral collisions, the air bag on the side affected
by the collision will be inflated, even if the respective seat is not
occupied. The air bag was designed to inflate between the door panel
and occupant to further enhance the protection provided occupants in
side impact collisions.
The air bag SRS is designed to activate when the vehicle sustains lateral
deceleration sufficient to cause the sensors to close an electrical circuit
that initiates air bag inflation.
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The fact that the air bags did not inflate in a collision does not mean that
something is wrong with the system. Rather, it means the forces were
not of the type sufficient to cause activation. Side air bags are designed
to inflate in side-impact collisions, not roll-over, rear-impact, frontal or
near-frontal collisions, unless the collision causes sufficient lateral
deceleration.
Several air bag system
components get hot after
inflation. Do not touch them after
inflation.
If the side air bag has
deployed, the air bag will
not function again. The side
air bag system (including the
seat) must be inspected and
serviced by a qualified
technician in accordance with
the vehicle service manual. If
the air bag is not replaced, the
unrepaired area will increase the
risk of injury in a collision.
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument cluster or a tone to
indicate the condition of the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness
section in the Instrumentation chapter. Routine maintenance of the side
air bag is not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness light (same light as for front air bag system) will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness light will not illuminate immediately after ignition is
turned on.
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• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles
(including pretensioners)
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to properly use safety
restraints for children. Also see Air bag supplemental restraint system
(SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using air bags.
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children ride in your vehicle (generally children who
are four years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less), you
must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check your
local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements regarding the
safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
When possible, always place children under age 12 in the rear seat of
your vehicle. Accident statistics suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating
position.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat.
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Children who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your
child safety seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can
be positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or
neck, the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child
closer to the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt
fit.
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on children who have
outgrown child safety seats, Ford recommends use of a belt-positioning
booster seat that is labelled as conforming to all applicable Federal motor
vehicle safety standards. Belt-positioning booster seats raise the child
and provide a shorter, firmer seating cushion that encourages safer
seating posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on the child.
A belt-positioning booster seat should be used if the shoulder belt rests
in front of the child’s face or neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly
on both thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child sit all the
way back on the seat cushion when the lower legs hang over the edge of
the seat cushion. You may wish to discuss the special needs of your child
with your pediatrician.
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SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the
child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the
safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
When installing a child safety seat:
• Review and follow the information
presented in the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS) section in this chapter.
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
for that seating position (the
buckle closest to the direction the
tongue is coming from).
• Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle until you hear a
snap and feel it latch. Make sure
the tongue is securely fastened in
the buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button
pointing up and away from the
safety seat, with the tongue
between the child seat and the
release button, to prevent accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
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• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
locking mode (passenger side front and outboard rear seating
positions) (if equipped) section in this chapter.
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable
of providing a tether anchorage. For more information on top tether
straps, refer to Attaching child safety seats with tether straps. in this
chapter.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
Installing child safety seats in combination lap and shoulder belt
seating positions
Air bags can kill or injure a child in a child seat. NEVER place a
rear-facing child seat in front of an active air bag. If you must
use a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move the seat all the
way back.
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
Children 12 and under should be properly restrained in the rear
seat whenever possible.
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2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) for that seating position until
you hear a snap and feel the latch
engage. Make sure the tongue is
latched securely by pulling on it.
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5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
extracted and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with your knee on the
child seat.
8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place. To check
this, grab the seat at the belt path
and attempt to move it side to side
and forward and back. There should
be no more than one inch of
movement for proper installation.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.
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Seating and safety restraints
Installing child safety seat in the second row center seating
position with an automatic locking retractor
1. Place the child safety seat in the center seating position.
2. In a continuous motion, pull out enough webbing from the retractor to
route the tongue through the child seat.
3. While holding the webbing to prevent it from retracting, route the
webbing through the child seat according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the tongue into the correct buckle for that seating position until
you hear and feel the buckle engage. Make sure the buckle is latched
securely by pulling on the webbing.
5. If you have not pulled out enough webbing to reach, allow the
webbing to fully retract before attempting to pull it out again and repeat
steps 2 through 4.
6. Pull the webbing through the child seat toward the buckle while
pushing down with your knee on the child seat.
7. Allow the safety belt to retract to remove any slack in the belt. It will
make a clicking noise while doing this.
8. Before placing the child in the seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward and
back to make sure the seat is securely held in place.
9. Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each
use.
Installing child safety seat in the third row center seating position
(if equipped)
1. Place the child safety seat in the center seating position.
2. Route the tongue end through the child seat according to the child
seat manufacturers instructions. If the tongue will not reach the buckle,
lengthen the amount of belt by turning the tongue at a right angle to the
belt and pulling on it until it reaches the buckle. Be sure the belt
webbing is not twisted.
3. Insert the tongue into the correct buckle for that seating position
(buckle closest to the direction the tongue is coming from) until you
hear and feel the buckle engage. To tighten the belt, pull the loose end
of the belt through the tongue until all the slack is removed from the
belt. Make sure the buckle is latched securely by pulling on the webbing.
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Seating and safety restraints
4. Before placing the child in the seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward and
back to make sure the seat is securely held in place.
5. Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each
use.
Attaching safety seats with tether straps
Most forward-facing child safety seats include a tether strap which goes
over the back of the set and hooks to an anchoring point. Tether straps
are available as an accessory for many older safety seats. Contact the
manufacturer of your child safety seat for information about ordering a
tether strap.
Tether anchorage hardware
All second row and one third row seating position have a fabric strap
installed near the bottom of the rear face of the seatback. These straps
have a loop at the top, and are to be used for child seat tether
anchorages.
A tethered seat can be installed in the front passenger seat. Put the
tether strap over the seatback and attach it to an anchor bracket.
Anchor brackets can be bolted to the rear edge of the front passenger
seat cushion. The bolt holes are in the bottom of the rear edge of the
front passenger seat cushion frame. The anchor bracket must be
installed using the instructions provided with the kit.
Tether anchorage hardware kits (part number 613D74) including
instructions, may be obtained at no charge from any Ford or
Lincoln/Mercury dealer.
Tighten the anchor according to specifications. Otherwise, the
safety seat may not be properly secured and the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
Attaching child safety seats with tether straps
Most new forward-facing child safety seats include a tether strap which
goes over the back of the seat and hooks to an anchoring point. Tether
straps are available as an accessory for many older safety seats. Contact
the manufacturer of your child seat for information about ordering a
tether strap.
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Seating and safety restraints
The rear seats of your vehicle are equipped with built-in tether strap
anchors located behind the seats as described below.
The tether anchors in your vehicle are straps on the seatback.
The tether strap anchors in your
vehicle are in the following positions
(shown from top view):
Attach the tether strap only
to the appropriate tether
anchor as shown. The tether strap
may not work properly if attached
somewhere other than the correct
tether anchor.
1. Position the child safety seat on
the seat cushion.
2. Route the child safety seat tether
strap over the back of the seat.
3. Locate the correct anchor for the selected seating position. (Shown
with the seats folded down.)
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Seating and safety restraints
• You may need to pull the
seatback forward to access the
tether anchors. Make sure the
seat is locked in the upright
position before installing the child
seat. Refer to the Folding Down
The Rear Seats section in this
chapter for information on how to
operate the rear seats.
4. Clip the tether strap to the
anchor as shown.
If the tether strap is clipped
incorrectly, the child safety
seat may not be retained properly
in the event of a collision.
5. Refer to the Installing child
safety seats in combination lap
and shoulder belt seating
positions section of this chapter for
further instructions to secure the
child safety seat.
6. Tighten the child safety seat tether strap according to the
manufacturer’s instructions.
If the safety seat is not anchored properly, the risk of a child
being injured in a collision greatly increases.
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Driving
STARTING
Positions of the ignition
1. ACCESSORY, allows the electrical
4
accessories such as the radio to
3
operate while the engine is not
5
running.
2. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,
2
automatic transmission gearshift
lever and allows key removal.
1
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all
accessories without locking the
steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning lights illuminated. Key
position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
Preparing to start your vehicle
Engine starting is controlled by the powertrain control system. This
system meets all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard
requirements regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio
noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
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Driving
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the
engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have
the vehicle checked. Do not allow the vehicle to idle for more than 10
minutes at the higher engine RPM.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints chapter.
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
3. Make sure the gearshift is in P
(Park).
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Driving
4. Make sure the parking brake is
set.
5. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
4
If there is difficulty in turning the
3
key, firmly rotate the steering wheel
5
left and right until the key turns
freely. This condition may occur
2
when:
• front wheels are turned
1
• front wheel is against the curb
• steering wheel is turned when getting in or out of the vehicle
DOOR
AJAR
H
60
40
L
80
00
F
E
H
NAVIGATOR
4X4
20
L
40
20
LOW
FUEL
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
THEFT
LOW
RANGE
60
MPH
H
RPMX1000
km/h
D 2
P RN D
SELECT
RESET
BRAKE
CK
SUSP
C
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate or illuminate briefly. If a
light fails to illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
light may not illuminate.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the
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Driving
Starting the engine
Note: Whenever you start your vehicle, release the key as soon as the
engine starts. Excessive cranking could damage the starter.
1. Turn the key to 5 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
4
pedal and release as soon as the
3
engine starts. The key will return to
5
4 (ON).
2. If the temperature is above –12°
2
C (10° F) and the engine does not
start within five seconds on the first
try, turn the key to OFF, wait 10
1
seconds and try again.
3. If the temperature is below -12° C (10° F) and the engine does not
start in 15 seconds on the first try, turn the key OFF and wait 10
seconds and try again. If the engine does not start in two attempts, press
the accelerator pedal all the way to floor and hold. Turn the key to
START position.
4. When the engine starts, release the key, then release the accelerator
pedal gradually as the engine speeds up.
5. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake and release the parking
brake.
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine faster and allows the heater-defroster
system to respond quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach -23° C
(-10° F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for longer than three hours will not harm
the engine, so the heater can be plugged in the night before starting the
vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.
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Driving
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service
• the sound of the exhaust system changes
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and
certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to
the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. In addition, certain fluids contained in vehicles and
certain products of component wear contain or emit chemicals known
to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped) to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by keeping all air inlet vents clear of snow,
leaves and other debris.
BRAKES
Your service brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the scheduled
maintenance guide for scheduled maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent
squeal or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such noises are
usually heard during the first few brake applications in the morning;
however, they may be heard at any time while braking and can be
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Driving
aggravated by environmental conditions such as cold, heat, moisture,
road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking, the brake linings
may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), a noise
from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. The ABS performs a self-check after you start
the engine and begin to drive away. A brief mechanical noise may be
heard during this test. This is normal. If a malfunction is found, the ABS
warning light will come on. If the vehicle has continuous vibration or
shudder in the steering wheel while braking, the vehicle should be
inspected by a qualified service technician.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lockup during brake
applications and compensates for
this tendency. The wheels are
prevented from locking even when
the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during hard braking with loss of front braking
traction.
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the four-wheel
ABS is required, apply continuous force on the brake. The four wheel
ABS will be activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full
steering control of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient
space, will enable you to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a
controlled stop.
• The anti-lock system does not decrease the time necessary to apply
the brakes or always reduce stopping distance. Always leave enough
room between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you to stop.
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Driving
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
ABS warning lamp ABS
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to the ON position. If the light does not
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced.
With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal
BRAKE
braking is still effective unless the
!
brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake
released. (If your brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately.)
Parking brake with auto-release
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked. To set the
parking brake, press the parking
brake pedal down until the pedal
stops.
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Driving
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is released.
BRAKE
!
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that the
gearshift is securely latched in P (Park).
The parking brake is not recommended to stop a moving vehicle.
However, if the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop
your vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the
rear brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will increase greatly and the
handling of your vehicle will be adversely affected.
Your vehicle has an automatic parking brake release. To release the
parking brake:
1. Turn the ignition to the ON position.
2. Press the brake pedal.
3. Move the gearshift out of the P (Park) position (the parking brake will
release automatically when you shift into reverse). The brake pedal must
remain pressed while the gearshift is moved.
If the parking brake fails to release
after completing this procedure, use
the manual parking brake release
lever.
Pull the release lever to release the
brake. Driving with the parking
BRAKE
brake on will cause the brakes to
wear out quickly and reduce fuel
economy.
HOOD
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Driving
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power steering uses energy
from the engine to help steer the vehicle.
To prevent damage to the power steering pump:
• Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme right or the extreme left
for more than a few seconds when the engine is running.
• Do not operate the vehicle with a low power steering pump fluid level
(below the MIN mark on the reservoir).
If the power steering system breaks down (or if the engine is turned
off), you can steer the vehicle manually, but it takes more effort.
If the steering wanders or pulls, the condition could be caused by any of
the following:
• underinflated tire(s) on any wheel(s)
• uneven vehicle loading
• high crown in center of road
• high crosswinds
• wheels out of alignment
• loose or worn suspension components
Speed sensitive steering
Your vehicle is equipped with speed sensitive, variable assist power
steering (VAPS). At high speeds, steering assist will increase to improve
low speed maneuverability.
If the amount of effort required to steer your vehicle changes while
driving at a constant vehicle speed, have the power steering system
checked by your dealer or a qualified service technician.
AIR SUSPENSION SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The air suspension system is designed to improve ride, handling and
general vehicle performance for static, on and off-road driving conditions.
• The load leveling feature of the air suspension automatically keeps the
vehicle at a constant level if a load is added or removed from the
vehicle.
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Driving
• The height adjustment feature automatically controls the vehicle
height over a range of approximately 5 cm (2 inches) based on vehicle
speed, ignition position and selection of two or four-wheel drive
modes.
• The air suspension automatically puts the vehicle at its lowest height
when ignition is OFF to provide easy entry and exit. Whenever a door
is opened (including the liftgate) the system memorizes and maintains
the height of the vehicle until all doors are closed or until vehicle
exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph).
• The air suspension system raises the vehicle to its normal ride
position when the ignition is turned on, all doors are closed and the
transmission is shifted into gear.
• In 4WD Low the air suspension system will not move to its lowest
height. In 4WD Low, the air suspension system raises the vehicle
above the normal ride height at speeds below 40 km/h (25 mph) to
improve ground clearance. In 4WD Low, do not exceed 56 km/h (35
mph).
• When the vehicle is in motion, the air suspension system will adjust
the vehicle’s height according to ground clearance and speed to
maximize ride comfort.
• It is normal to occasionally hear a buzz or clicking from the vehicle’s
air suspension system when the ignition is turned off. The system
stays energized for 40 minutes after the ignition is turned off to
compensate for any load changes made after the vehicle is parked.
The air suspension shut-off switch is
located behind an access panel
underneath the passenger side
instrument panel.
On vehicles equipped with
Air Suspension, turn OFF
the Air Suspension switch prior to
jacking, hoisting or towing your
vehicle.
OFF
Normal vehicle operation does not
require any action by the driver.
AIR SUSPENSION
SWITCH
INTERRUPTEUR DE
LA SUSPENSION
PNEUMATIQUE
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Driving
Check air suspension indicator light
The warning and indicator light CK SUSP illuminates when the air
suspension switch is turned off or an air suspension system fault has
been detected.
If the light is illuminated while driving and the air suspension system
switch is not turned off, safely pull off the road at your earliest
convenience. Turn the ignition switch from 4 (On) to 3 (Off) and 4 (On)
again. If the warning light illuminates again, turn the air suspension
switch off and have the vehicle serviced by a dealer or qualified service
technician.
If the vehicle is loaded beyond the recommended maximum payload, the
CK SUSP light may illuminate. To correct this condition, remove or
redistribute the payload according to the recommended requirements
and follow the procedure outlined above.
TRACTION-LOK AXLE (IF EQUIPPED)
This axle provides added traction on slippery surfaces, particularly when
one wheel is on a poor traction surface. Under normal conditions, the
Traction-Lok axle functions like a standard rear axle.
Extended use of other than the manufacturer’s specified size tires on a
Traction-Lok rear axle could result in a permanent reduction in
effectiveness. This loss of effectiveness does not affect normal driving
and should not be noticeable to the driver.
To avoid injury, never run the engine with one wheel off the
ground, such as when changing a tire.
PREPARING TO DRIVE YOUR VEHICLE
Utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover rate than
other types of vehicles.
In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely
to die than a person wearing a seat belt.
Your vehicle has special design and equipment features to make it
capable of performing in a wide variety of circumstances. These special
design features, such as larger tires and increased ground clearance, give
the vehicle a higher center of gravity than a passenger car.
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Driving
Vehicles with a higher center of gravity such as utility and
four-wheel drive vehicles handle differently than vehicles with a
lower center of gravity. Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not
designed for cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more
than low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns, excessive speed and abrupt
maneuvers in these vehicles. Failure to drive cautiously could result in
an increased risk of vehicle rollover, personal injury and death.
Loaded vehicles, with a higher center of gravity, may handle
differently than unloaded vehicles. Extra precautions, such as
slower speeds and increased stopping distance, should be taken when
driving a heavily loaded vehicle.
Your vehicle has the capability to haul more cargo and people than most
passenger cars. Depending upon the type and placement of the load,
hauling people and cargo may raise the center of gravity of the vehicle.
Use extra caution while becoming familiar with your vehicle. Know the
capabilities and limitations of both you as a driver and your vehicle.
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION OPERATION
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift lever from being moved from P (Park) when the ignition is
in the ON position unless brake pedal is depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift lever out of P (Park) with ignition in
the ON position and the brake pedal depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the
key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake pedal and shift
to N (Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift lever,
it is possible that a fuse has blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are not
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
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Driving
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operating
temperature or damage to the transmission may occur.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes or damage
to the transmission and tires may occur or the engine may
overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp
remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.
See your dealer or a qualified service technician.
Driving with a 4–speed automatic transmission
Your vehicle’s automatic transmission is equipped with a special shift
strategy that insures maximum heater performance during cold weather
operation.
When ambient temperature is –5° C (23° F) or below and the engine
coolant temperature is below 38° C (100° F), light throttle upshifts may
be slightly delayed. Once the engine coolant temperature reaches 71° C
(160° F) the normal shift strategy will resume. This is normal operation
and will not affect the function or the durability of the transmission.
If the normal shift strategy does not resume once the engine
coolant temperature reaches the normal operating temperature,
or if the downshifts and other throttle conditions do not function
normally, see your dealer or a qualified service technician as soon
as possible.
Understanding gearshift positions
To put your vehicle in gear, start the engine, depress the brake pedal,
then move gearshift lever out of P (Park).
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Driving
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from P (Park) to another position. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift lever is securely
latched in P (Park). This position
locks the transmission and prevents
the rear wheels from turning.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift
lever is latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you
leave your vehicle.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift lever in R
(Reverse), the vehicle will move
backward. Always come to a
complete stop before shifting into
and out of R (Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift lever in N
(Neutral), the vehicle can be started
and is free to roll. Hold the brake
pedal down while in this gear.
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through four.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the transmission control
switch (TCS) on the end of the
gearshift lever.
OVERDRIVE OFF
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Driving
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) (the word OFF) on the
end of the gearshift lever will
illuminate.
OVERDRIVE
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the transmission
control switch (TCS) on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift
position. The TCIL (the word OFF) will illuminate on the
in the
gearshift lever. Transmission operates in gears one through three.
(Drive) provides more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is useful
when:
• driving with a heavy load.
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills.
• additional engine downhill braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer
to Driving while you tow in the Trailer towing section.
(Overdrive) mode, press the transmission control switch
To return to
(TCS). The TCIL (the word OFF) will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal overdrive mode.
Every time the vehicle is shut off and restarted, you must press the
transmission control switch to cancel overdrive operation if driving in
overdrive is not desired.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades.
1 (First)
Use 1 (Low) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low) at
higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear, and will
shift to 1 (Low) after vehicle decelerates to the proper speed.
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Driving
Forced Downshifts
To gain acceleration in
(Overdrive) or Drive (O/D OFF) when
passing another vehicle, push the accelerator to the floor. The
transmission will downshift to the appropriate gear: third, second or first
gear.
Shift strategy (4R100 automatic transmission)
To account for customer driving habits and conditions, your 4R100
automatic transmission electronically controls the shift quality by using
an adaptive learning strategy. The adaptive learning strategy is
maintained by power from the battery. When the battery is disconnected
or a new battery is installed, the transmission must relearn its adaptive
strategy. Optimal shifting will resume within a few hundred kilometers
(miles) of operation.
If the shift quality does not improve within a few hundred
kilometers (miles) of operation, or if the downshifts and other
throttle conditions do not function normally, see your dealer or a
qualified service technician as soon as possible.
REVERSE SENSING SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The reverse sensing system (RSS) sounds a tone to warn the driver of
obstacles near the rear bumper when the reverse gear is selected.
To help avoid personal injury, please read and understand the
limitations on the reverse sensing system described below.
Reverse sensing is only an assist for some (generally large and fixed)
objects when moving in reverse on a flat surface at “parking speeds” of
approximately 4.8 km/h (3 mph) or less. The weather may also affect
the function of RSS. RSS may have reduced performance, or be
activated in inclement weather. It is the driver’s responsibility for
ensuring that their path is clear when operating the vehicle.
To help avoid personal injury, always use caution when in
reverse and when using the reverse sensing system.
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Driving
This system is not designed to prevent contact with small or
moving objects. The system is designed to provide a warning to
assist the driver in detecting large stationary objects to avoid damaging
the vehicle. The system may not detect smaller objects, particularly
those close to the ground.
The RSS will assist the driver in detecting certain objects while the
vehicle slowly moves in reverse at speeds less than 4.8 km/h (3 mph).
The RSS is not effective at speeds greater than 4.8 km/h (3 mph) and
may not detect certain angular or moving objects.
The reverse sensing system detects
obstacles within approximately 1.8
meters (5.9 ft.) of the rear bumper
with a decreased coverage area at
the outer corners of the bumper,
(refer to the figures for approximate
zone coverage areas). As you move
closer to the obstacle, the rate of
the tone increases. When the
distance to the obstacle is less than
25.0 cm (10 in.), the tone will sound
continuously. If the system detects a
stationary or receding object further
than 25.0 cm (10 in.) from the side
of the vehicle, the tone will sound
for only three seconds. Once the
system detects an object
approaching, the tone will sound
again.
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Driving
The reverse sensing system is
OFF
automatically enabled when the gear
selector is placed in R (Reverse)
and the ignition is ON. A reverse
sensing control allows the driver to
disable the reverse sensing system only when the ignition is ON, and the
gear selector is in R (Reverse).
The OFF indicator remains illuminated when the system is disabled. The
system defaults to ON every time the reverse gear is selected. Press the
control to disable or enable the system.
The indicator will remain illuminated to indicate a failure of the reverse
sensing system.
Always keep the sensors (located on the rear bumper/fascia) free
from dirt, snow and ice (do not clean the sensors with sharp
objects). These elements may cause the system to operate
inaccurately.
If the vehicle sustains damage to the rear bumper/fascia, leaving
it misaligned or bent, the sensing zone may be altered causing
inaccurate measurement of obstacles or false alarms.
FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)
For important information regarding safe operation of this type
of vehicle, see Preparing to drive your vehicle in this chapter.
When Four–wheel drive (4WD) is engaged, power is supplied to all four
wheels through a transfer case. 4WD power can be selected when
additional driving power is desired.
If equipped with the Electronic Shift 4WD System, and the
instrument panel control is moved to 4WD Low while the vehicle
is moving, the system will not engage and no damage will occur to
the 4WD system. Before 4WD Low can be engaged, the vehicle
must be at a complete stop with the brake pedal depressed and
the transmission in N (Neutral).
4H or 4L operation is not recommended on dry pavement. Doing
so could result in difficult disengagement of the transfer case,
damage to the transfer case, increased tire wear, decreased fuel
economy and difficulty turning.
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Driving
Control-Trac automatic four-wheel drive system (if equipped)
Your 4x4 features the heavy-duty Control-Trac system which includes a
computer-operated transfer case. This unique system is interactive with
the road, continually monitoring and adjusting torque delivery to the
front and rear wheels to optimize vehicle control.
Positions of the Control-Trac system
The Control-Trac A4WD system
4H
functions in three modes:
A4WD
4L
• A4WD position delivers power to
the rear axle. If the rear wheels
lose traction, power will be
automatically delivered to the
front axle to maintain traction
throughout the slippery condition.
• 4H position provides
mechanically locked four-wheel
drive power delivery to front and rear axles.
• 4L position provides mechanically locked four-wheel drive when above
average power at reduced speeds is required.
Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not designed for
cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more than
low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns or abrupt maneuvers in these
vehicles.
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Driving
Using the Control-Trac system
Shifting from A4WD to 4H
Move the 4WD control from A4WD
to 4H at any forward speed up to 88
km/h (55 mph).
At temperatures below 0°C (32°F),
shifts from A4WD to 4H should not
be performed above 72 km/h (45
mph).
Shifting from 4H to 4L (and 4L to 4H)
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral).
4. Move the 4WD control to the 4H
(or 4L) position.
Shifting to A4WD
Move the 4WD control back to
A4WD at a stop or at speeds up to
88 km/h (55 mph).
A4WD
A4WD
A4WD
4H
4L
4H
4L
4H
4L
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Driving
Driving off-road with truck and utility vehicles
4WD vehicles are specially equipped for driving on sand, snow, mud and
rough terrain and have operating characteristics that are somewhat
different from conventional vehicles, both on and off the road.
How your vehicle differs from other vehicles
Truck and utility vehicles can differ from some other vehicles. Your
vehicle may be higher to allow it to travel over rough terrain without
getting hung up or damaging underbody components.
The differences that make your vehicle so versatile also make it handle
differently than an ordinary passenger car.
Maintain steering wheel control at all times, especially in rough terrain.
Since sudden changes in terrain can result in abrupt steering wheel
motion, make sure you grip the steering wheel from the outside. Do not
grip the spokes.
Drive cautiously to avoid vehicle damage from concealed objects such as
rocks and stumps.
You should either know the terrain or examine maps of the area before
driving. Map out your route before driving in the area. To maintain
steering and braking control of your vehicle, you must have all four
wheels on the ground and they must be rolling, not sliding or spinning.
Basic operating principles
• Do not use 4WD on dry, hard surfaced roads (except models equipped
with Auto 4WD). This may damage the drivelines and axles.
• Drive slower in strong crosswinds which can affect the normal steering
characteristics of your vehicle.
• Be extremely careful when driving on pavement made slippery by
loose sand, water, gravel, snow or ice.
If your vehicle goes off the edge of the pavement
• If your vehicle goes off the edge of the pavement, slow down, but
avoid severe brake application, Ease the vehicle back onto the
pavement only after reducing your speed. Do not turn the steering
wheel too sharply while returning to the road surface.
• It may be safer to stay on the apron or shoulder of the road and slow
down gradually before returning to the pavement. You may loose
control if you do not slow down or if you turn the steering wheel too
sharply or abruptly.
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Driving
• It often may be less risky to strike small inanimate objects, such as
highway reflectors, with minor damage to your vehicle rather than
attempt a sudden return to the pavement which could cause the
vehicle to slide sideways out of control or roll over. Remember, your
safety and the safety of others should be your primary concern.
If your vehicle gets stuck
If the vehicle is stuck it may be rocked out by shifting from forward and
reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a steady pattern. Press lightly
on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes or damage
to the transmission and tires may occur or the engine may
overheat.
Do not spin the wheels at over 56 km/h (35 mph). The tires may
fail and injure a passenger or bystander.
Emergency maneuvers
• In an unavoidable emergency situation where a sudden sharp turn
must be made, remember to avoid “over-driving” your vehicle, i.e.,
turn the steering wheel only as rapidly and as far as required to avoid
the emergency. Excessive steering will result in less vehicle control,
not more. Additionally, smooth variations of the accelerator and/or
brake pedal pressure should be utilized if changes in vehicle speed are
called for. Avoid abrupt steering, acceleration or braking. Use all
available road surface to return the vehicle to a safe direction of
travel.
• In the event of an emergency stop, avoid skidding the tires and do not
attempt any sharp steering wheel movements.
• If the vehicle goes from one type of surface to another (i.e., from
concrete to gravel) there will be a change in the way the vehicle
responds to a maneuver (steering, acceleration or barking). Again,
avoid these abrupt inputs.
Parking
On some 4WD vehicles, when the transfer case is in the N (Neutral)
position, the engine and transmission are disconnected from the rest of
the driveline. Therefore, the vehicle is free to roll even if the automatic
transmission is in P (Park) or the manual transmission is in gear. Do not
leave the vehicle unattended with the transfer case in N (Neutral)
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Driving
position. Always set the parking brake fully and turn off the ignition
when leaving the vehicle.
4WD Systems (if equipped)
4WD (when you select the 4WD mode), uses all four wheels to power
itself. This increases traction, enabling you to drive over terrain and road
conditions that a conventional two-wheel drive vehicle can’t.
Power is supplied to all four wheels
through a transfer case. On 4WD
vehicles, the transfer case allows
you to select 4WD when necessary.
Information on transfer case
operation and shifting procedures
can be found in the Driving
chapter. Information on transfer
case maintenance can be found in the Maintenance and specifications
chapter. You should become thoroughly familiar with this information
before you operate your vehicle.
Normal characteristics
On some 4WD models, the initial shift from two-wheel drive to 4x4 while
the vehicle is moving can cause some momentary clunk and ratcheting
sounds. This is the front drivetrain coming up to speed and the
automatic locking hubs engaging and is not cause for concern.
Sand
When driving over sand, try to keep all four wheels on the most solid
area of the trail. Avoid reducing the tire pressures but shift to a lower
gear and drive steadily through the terrain. Apply the accelerator slowly
and avoid spinning the wheels.
If you must reduce the tire pressure for whatever reason in sand, make
sure you re-inflate the tires as soon as possible.
Avoid excessive speed because vehicle momentum can work against you
and cause the vehicle to become stuck to the point that assistance may
be required from another vehicle. Remember, you may be able to back
out the way you came if you proceed with caution.
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Driving
Mud and water
If you must drive through high
water, drive slowly. Traction or
brake capability may be limited.
When driving through water,
determine the depth; avoid water
higher than the bottom of the hubs
(if possible) and proceed slowly. If
the ignition system gets wet, the
vehicle may stall.
Once through water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop the
vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by moving
your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake pedal.
Be cautious of sudden changes in vehicle speed or direction when you
are driving in mud. Even 4WD vehicles can lose traction in slick mud. As
when you are driving over sand, apply the accelerator slowly and avoid
spinning your wheels. If the vehicle does slide, steer in the direction of
the slide until you regain control of the vehicle.
If the transmission, transfer case or front axle are submerged in water,
their fluids should be checked and changed, if necessary.
Water intrusion into the transmission may damage the
transmission.
If the front or rear axle is submerged in water, the axle lubricant should
be replaced.
After driving through mud, clean off residue stuck to rotating driveshafts
and tires. Excess mud stuck on tires and rotating driveshafts causes an
imbalance that could damage drive components.
“Tread Lightly” is an educational
program designed to increase public
awareness of land-use regulations
and responsibilities in our nations
wilderness areas. Ford joins the U.S.
Forest Service and the Bureau of Land Management in encouraging you
to help preserve our national forest and other public and private lands by
“treading lightly.”
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Driving
Driving on hilly or sloping terrain
Although natural obstacles may make it necessary to travel diagonally up
or down a hill or steep incline, you should always try to drive straight up
or straight down. Avoid driving crosswise or turning on steep
slopes or hills. A danger lies in losing traction, slipping sideways and
possibly rolling over. Whenever driving on a hill, determine beforehand
the route you will use. Do not drive over the crest of a hill without
seeing what conditions are on the other side. Do not drive in reverse
over a hill without the aid of an observer.
When climbing a steep slope or hill,
start in a lower gear rather than
downshifting to a lower gear from a
higher gear once the ascent has
started. This reduces strain on the
engine and the possibility of stalling.
If you do stall out, do not try to
turn around because you might roll
over. It is better to back down to a
safe location.
Apply just enough power to the wheels to climb the hill. Too much
power will cause the tires to slip, spin or lose traction, resulting in loss of
vehicle control.
Descend a hill in the same gear you
would use to climb up the hill to
avoid excessive brake application
and brake overheating. Do not
descend in neutral, disengage
overdrive or manually shift to a
lower gear. When descending a
steep hill, avoid sudden hard
braking as you could lose control.
When you brake hard, the front
wheels can’t turn and if they aren’t
turning, you won’t be able to steer.
The front wheels have to be turning in order to steer the vehicle. Rapid
pumping of the brake pedal will help you slow the vehicle and still
maintain steering control.
If your vehicle has anti-lock brakes, apply the brakes steadily. Do not
“pump” the brakes.
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Driving
Driving on snow and ice
4WD vehicles have advantages over 2WD vehicles in snow and ice but
can skid like any other vehicle.
Should you start to slide while driving on snowy or icy roads, turn the
steering wheel in the direction of the slide until you regain control.
Avoid sudden applications of power and quick changes of direction on
snow and ice. Apply the accelerator slowly and steadily when starting
from a full stop.
Avoid sudden braking as well. Although a 4WD vehicle may accelerate
better than a two-wheel drive vehicle in snow and ice, it won’t stop any
faster, because as in other vehicles, braking occurs at all four wheels. Do
not become overconfident as to road conditions.
Make sure you allow sufficient distance between you and other vehicles
for stopping as well as drive slower than usual and consider using one of
the lower gears. In emergency stopping situations, avoid locking of the
wheels. Use a “squeeze” technique, push on the brake pedal with a
steadily increasing force which allows the wheels to brake yet continue
to roll so that you may steer in the direction you want to travel. If you
lock the wheels, release the brake pedal and repeat the squeeze
technique. If your vehicle is equipped with a Four Wheel Anti-Lock
Brake System (ABS), apply the brake steadily. Do not “pump” the
brakes. Refer to the Brakes section of this chapter for additional
information on the operation of the anti-lock brake system.
Never drive with chains on the front tires of 4WD vehicles without also
putting them on the rear tires. This could cause the rear to slide and
swing around during braking.
Tires, Replacement Requirements
4WD vehicles are equipped with tires designed to provide for safe ride
and handling capability.
Do not use a size and type of tire and wheel other than that originally
provided by Ford because it can affect the safety and performance of
your vehicle, which could lead to loss of vehicle control or roll over and
serious injury. Make sure all tires and wheels on the vehicle are of the
same size, type, tread design, brand and load-carrying capacity. If you
have questions regarding tire replacement, see an authorized Ford or
Lincoln/Mercury dealer.
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Driving
If you nevertheless decide to equip your 4WD for off-road use with tires
larger than what Ford recommends, you should not use these tires for
highway driving.
If you use any tire/wheel combination not recommended by Ford, it may
adversely affect vehicle handling and could cause steering, suspension,
axle or transfer case failure.
Do not use”aftermarket lift kits” or other suspension modifications,
whether or not they are used with larger tires and wheels.
These “aftermarket lift kits” could adversely affect the vehicle’s handling
characteristics, which could lead to loss of vehicle control or roll over
and serious injury.
Tires can be damaged during off-road use. For your safety, tires that are
damaged should not be used for highway driving because they are more
likely to blow out or fail.
You should carefully observe the recommended tire inflation pressure
found on the safety compliance certification label attached to the left
front door lock facing or door latch post pillar. Failure to follow tire
pressure recommendations can adversely affect the way your vehicle
handles. Do not exceed the Ford recommended pressure even if it is less
than the maximum pressure allowed for the tire.
Each day before you drive, check
your tires. If one looks lower than
the others, use a tire gauge to check
pressure of all tires, and adjust if
required. Check tire pressure with a
tire gauge every few weeks
(including spare). Safe operation
requires tires that are neither
underinflated nor overloaded.
Periodically inspect the tire treads and remove stones, nails, glass or
other objects that may be wedged in the tread grooves. Check for holes
or cuts that may permit air leakage from the tire and make necessary
repairs.
Inspect the tire side walls for cuts, bruises and other damage. If internal
damage to the tire is suspected, have the tire demounted and inspected
in case it needs to be repaired or replaced.
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Driving
Maintenance and Modifications
The suspension and steering systems on your vehicle have been designed
and tested to provide both reasonably safe, predictable performance
whether loaded or empty and durable load carrying capability. For this
reason, Ford strongly recommends that you do not make modifications
such as adding or removing parts (such as lift kits or stabilizer bars) or
by using replacement parts not equivalent to the original factory
equipment.
Any modifications to a vehicle that raise the center of gravity can make
it more likely the vehicle will roll over as a result of a loss of control.
Ford recommends that caution be used with any vehicle equipped with a
high load or device (such as ladder racks or pickup box cover).
Failure to maintain your vehicle properly may void the warranty, increase
your repair cost, reduce vehicle performance and operational capabilities
and adversely affect driver and passenger safety. Frequent inspection of
vehicle chassis components is recommended if the vehicle is subjected to
heavy off-road usage.
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs (for trucks) or the bottom of the wheel rims (for cars).
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
Driving through deep water where the transmission vent tube is
submerged may allow water into the transmission and cause
internal transmission damage.
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Driving
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight: Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include occupants or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload: Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, occupants
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight): Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating): Maximum permissable total
weight of the base vehicle, occupants, optional equipment and cargo.
The GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Certification Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating): Carrying capacity for each axle
system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Certification Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCW (Gross Combined Weight): The combined weight of the
towing vehicle (including occupants and cargo) and the loaded trailer.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating): Maximum permissable
combined weight of towing vehicle (including occupants and cargo)
and the loaded trailer
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating: Maximum weight of a trailer the
vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each engine/
transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer towing
and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight: Maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
vehicle (including occupants and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range: Specified weight range that the trailer must
fall within that ranges from zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
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Driving
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the originals do
not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
The Safety Certification Label, found on the driver’s door pillar, lists
several important vehicle weight rating limitations. Before adding any
additional equipment, refer to these limitations. If you are adding weight
to the front of your vehicle, (potentially including weight added to the
cab), the weight added should not exceed the front axle reserve capacity
(FARC). Additional frontal weight may be added to the front axle reserve
capacity provided you limit your payload in other ways (i.e. restrict the
number of occupants or amount of cargo carried).
Always ensure that the weight of occupants, cargo and equipment being
carried is within the weight limitations that have been established for
your vehicle including both gross vehicle weight and front and rear gross
axle weight rating limits. Under no circumstance should these limitations
be exceeded.
Exceeding any vehicle weight rating limitation could result in
serious damage to the vehicle and/or personal injury.
Special loading instructions for owners of pickup trucks and
utility-type vehicles
For important information regarding safe operation of this type
of vehicle, see the Preparing to drive your vehicle section in
this chapter.
Loaded vehicles, with a higher center of gravity, may handle
differently than unloaded vehicles. Extra precautions, such as
slower speeds and increased stopping distance, should be taken when
driving a heavily loaded vehicle.
Your vehicle has the capability to haul more cargo and people than most
passenger cars. Depending upon the type and placement of the load,
hauling cargo and people may raise the center of gravity of the vehicle.
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Driving
Calculating the load your vehicle can carry/tow
1. Use the appropriate maximum gross combined weight rating (GCWR)
chart to find the maximum GCWR for your type engine and rear axle
ratio.
2. Weigh your vehicle as you customarily operate the vehicle without
cargo. To obtain correct weights, try taking your vehicle to a shipping
company or an inspection station for trucks.
3. Subtract your loaded vehicle weight from the maximum GCWR on the
following charts. This is the maximum trailer weight your vehicle can tow
and must fall below the maximum shown under maximum trailer weight
on the chart.
TRAILER TOWING
Trailer towing puts additional loads on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, axle, brakes, tires, and suspension. For your safety and to
maximize vehicle performance, be sure to use the proper equipment
while towing.
Follow these guidelines to ensure safe towing:
• Stay within your vehicle’s load limits.
• Thoroughly prepare your vehicle for towing. Refer to Preparing to
tow in this chapter.
• Use extra caution when driving while trailer towing. Refer to Driving
while you tow in this chapter.
• Service your vehicle more frequently if you tow a trailer. Refer to the
severe duty schedule in the scheduled maintenance guide.
• Do not tow a trailer until your vehicle has been driven at least 800 km
(500 miles).
• Refer to the instructions included with towing accessories for the
proper installation and adjustment specifications.
Your vehicle is pre-wired for trailer towing. An electrical connector is
provided under the instrument panel for installing a customer-supplied
electric brake controller. Another electrical connector is provided at the
hitch. This connector provides power to the trailer for taillamps, stop
and turn lamps, back up lamps, battery charge, electric brakes (when a
customer provided controller is installed) and ground. The kit included
with your vehicle provides you with adaptors to attach the brake
controller and convert the hitch connector for Class I trailer usage.
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Driving
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer weights
Rear
Maximum
Trailer weight range
Engine
axle
GCWR - kg
(0-maximum) - kg
ratio
(lbs.)
(lbs.)
4x2 with 17 inch wheels
6 577
0-4 037
5.4L-4V
3.73
(14 500)
(0-8 900)
4x4 with 17 inch wheels
6 350
0-3 674
5.4L-4V
3.73
(14 000)
(0-8 100)
Maximum frontal area of trailer is 5.6 square meters (60 square feet)
Do not exceed the maximum loads listed on the Safety Compliance
Certification label. For load specification terms found on the label, refer
to Vehicle loading in this chapter. Remember to figure in the tongue
load of your loaded trailer when figuring the total weight.
Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
weight exceeds the limit of the vehicle and could result in
engine damage, transmission damage, structural damage, loss of control
and personal injury.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
Do not use hitches that clamp onto the vehicle’s bumper or attach to the
axle. You must distribute the load in your trailer so that 10%–15% of the
total weight of the trailer is on the tongue.
Load equalizing hitch
When hooking up a trailer using a load equalizing hitch, always use the
following procedure:
1. Park the unloaded vehicle on a level surface. With the ignition on and
all doors closed, allow the vehicle to stand for several minutes so that it
can level.
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Driving
2. Turn the air suspension (if equipped) control to OFF.
3. Measure the height of a reference point on the front and rear bumpers
at the center of the vehicle.
4. Attach the trailer to the vehicle and adjust the hitch equalizers so that
the front bumper height is within 0–13 mm (0.5 in) of the reference
point. After proper adjustment, the rear bumper should be no higher
than in Step 3.
5. Turn the air suspension (if equipped) control to ON.
Adjusting an equalizing hitch so the rear bumper of the vehicle
is lower or higher than it was unloaded will defeat the function
of the load equalizing hitch and may cause unpredictable handling.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the frame or hook retainers
of the vehicle hitch. To connect the trailer’s safety chains, cross the
chains under the trailer tongue and allow slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type trailer brakes are safe
if installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s specifications. The
trailer brakes must meet local and Federal regulations.
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
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Driving
Driving while you tow
When towing a trailer:
• Ensure that you turn off your speed control. The speed control may
shut off automatically when you are towing on long, steep grades.
• Consult your local motor vehicle speed regulations for towing a trailer.
• Use a lower gear when towing up or down steep hills. This will
eliminate excessive downshifting and upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transmission cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
Exceeding the GCWR rating may cause internal transmission
damage and void your warranty coverage.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide for
more information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up before starting on a trip to
get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning, make
wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• If you are driving down a long or steep hill, shift to a lower gear. Do
not apply the brakes continuously, as they may overheat and become
less effective.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10% of the loaded trailer weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in hot weather, place
the gearshift in P (Park) and increase idle speed. This aids engine
cooling and air conditioner efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
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Driving
Launching or retrieving a boat
When backing down a ramp during boat launching or retrieval:
• do not allow the static water level to rise above the bottom edge of
the rear bumper and
• do not allow waves to break higher than 15 cm (6 inches) above the
bottom edge of the rear bumper.
Exceeding these limits may allow water to enter critical vehicle
components, adversely affecting driveability, emissions, reliability and
causing internal transmission damage.
Replace the rear axle lubricant any time the axle has been submerged in
water. Rear axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked or changed
unless a leak is suspected or repair required.
Disconnect the wiring to the trailer before backing the trailer into the
water. Reconnect the wiring to the trailer after the trailer is removed
from the water.
RECREATIONAL TOWING (ALL WHEELS ON THE GROUND)
An example of recreational towing would be towing your vehicle behind a
motorhome. Follow these guidelines if you have the need for recreational
towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground. These guidelines
are designed to ensure that your transmission is not damaged.
2WD vehicles (with automatic transmissions)
• Place the transmission in N (Neutral)
• Maximum speed is 56 km (35 mph)
• Maximum distance is 80 km (50 miles)
If a distance of 80 km (50 miles) or a speed of 56 km (35 mph) must be
exceeded, the drive shaft will have to be removed before the vehicle is
towed.
Ford recommends the driveshaft be removed/installed only by a qualified
technician. See your local dealer for driveshaft removal/installation.
Improper removal/installation of the driveshaft can cause
transmission fluid loss, damage to the driveshaft and internal
transmission components.
4WD vehicles electronic shift transfer case (with automatic
transmissions)
4x4 vehicles with electronic shift on the fly cannot be towed with any
wheels on the ground.
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Roadside emergencies
GETTING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
To fully assist if you should have a vehicle concern, Ford Motor Company
offers a complimentary roadside assistance program. This program is
separate from the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The service is available:
• 24–hours, seven days a week
• for the Basic warranty period (Canada) or New Vehicle Limited
Warranty period (U.S.) of three years or 60 000 km (36 000 miles),
whichever comes first on Ford and Mercury vehicles, and four years or
80 000 km (50 000 miles) on Lincoln vehicles
Roadside assistance will cover:
• changing a flat tire
• jump-starts
• lock-out assistance
• limited fuel delivery*
• towing of your disabled vehicle to the nearest Ford Motor Company
dealership, or your selling dealer if within 25 kms (15.5 miles) of the
nearest Ford Motor Company dealership (one tow per disablement).
Even non-warranty related tows, like accidents or getting stuck in the
mud or snow, are covered (some exclusions apply, such as impound
towing or repossession).
* Canadian customers refer to your Roadside Assistance supplement
for exact fuel amounts.
USING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
Complete the roadside assistance identification card and place it in your
wallet for quick reference. In the United States, this card is found in the
Owner Guide portfolio in the glove compartment in Ford vehicles and is
mailed to you if you own a Mercury or Lincoln. In Canada, the card is
found in the Roadside Assistance book in the glove compartment.
U.S. Ford or Mercury vehicle customers who require roadside assistance,
call 1–800–241–3673; Lincoln vehicle customers call 1–800–521–4140.
Canadian customers who require roadside assistance, call
1–800–665–2006.
177
Roadside emergencies
If you need to arrange roadside assistance for yourself, Ford Motor
Company will reimburse a reasonable amount. To obtain reimbursement
information, U.S. Ford or Mercury vehicles customers call
1-800-241-3673; Lincoln vehicle customers call 1–800–521–4140.
Canadian customers who need to obtain reimbursement information, call
1–800–665–2006.
ROADSIDE COVERAGE BEYOND BASIC WARRANTY
In the United States, you may purchase additional roadside assistance
coverage beyond this period through the Ford Auto Club by contacting
your Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealer.
Similarly in Canada, for uninterrupted Roadside Assistance coverage, you
may purchase extended coverage prior to your Basic Warranty’s Roadside
Assistance expiring. For more information and enrollment, contact
1–877–294–2582 or visit our website at www.ford.ca.
HAZARD FLASHER
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate all hazard flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the
flashers off.
FUEL
FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH RESET
The fuel pump shut-off switch is a device intended to stop the electric
fuel pump when your vehicle has been involved in a substantial jolt.
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not start, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated.
178
Roadside emergencies
The fuel pump shut-off switch is
located in the passenger’s foot well,
by the kick panel.
Use the following procedure to reset the fuel pump shut-off switch.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in on the reset button.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
179
Roadside emergencies
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
15
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
Note: Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause severe wire
damage and could start a fire.
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
COLOR
Fuse
rating
Mini
fuses
Standard
fuses
Maxi
fuses
2A
3A
4A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
20A
25A
30A
40A
50A
60A
70A
80A
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Yellow
—
Green
Orange
Red
Blue
Tan
Natural
180
Cartridge
Fuse link
maxi
cartridge
fuses
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
Blue
—
—
Pink
Pink
Green
Green
Red
Red
—
Yellow
—
Brown
—
Black
Roadside emergencies
20
21
10
11
31
30
9
RELAY
5
29
19
8
28
18
7
RELAY
4
27
RELAY
3
RELAY
2
RELAY
1
6
17
26
16
5
25
15
4
24
14
3
13
2
23
12
FUSE1
22
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located below and to the left of the steering wheel by
the brake pedal. Remove the panel cover to access the fuses.
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.
The fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
Fuse Amp
Rating
25A
5A
3
20A
Passenger Compartment Fuse
Panel Description
Audio
Clock, Overhead Trip Computer,
Electronic Automatic
Temperature Control (EATC),
Powertrain Control Module
(PCM), Cluster, Navigation
Cigar Lighter, OBD-II Scan Tool
Connector
181
Roadside emergencies
182
Fuse/Relay
Location
4
Fuse Amp
Rating
7.5A
5
15A
6
5A
7
5A
8
5A
9
10
11
—
—
30A
12
13
15A
20A
Passenger Compartment Fuse
Panel Description
Remote Entry Module, Mirrors,
Memory Module, Adjustable
Pedals, Drivers Seat, Power Fold
Mirrors
Speed Control Module, Reverse
Lamp, Daytime Running Lamp
Relay, Reverse Sensing System,
Autolock, E/C Mirror, Navigation
Cluster, Overhead Trip Computer,
Compass, Steering Sensor, Brake
Shift Interlock Solenoid, Air
Suspension Module, GEM Module,
Heated Mirror, Rear Defroster,
Reverse Sensing System,
Automatic Park Brake Release
Aux A/C Blower Relay, Console
Blower
Remote Entry Module, Cell
Phone, Clock, GEM Module,
Navigation
Not Used
Not Used
Front Washer Pump Relay, Wiper
Run/Park Relay, Wiper Hi/LO
Relay, Windshield Wiper Motor,
Rear Washer Pump Relay
Air Suspension Switch
Stop Lamp Switch (Lamps),
Turn/Hazard Flasher, Speed
Control Module
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
14
Fuse Amp
Rating
15A
15
5A
16
20A
17
10A
18
5A
19
20
—
5A
21
15A
22
10A
23
10A
Passenger Compartment Fuse
Panel Description
Rear Wipers, Running Board
Lamps, Battery Saver Relay,
Interior Lamp Relay, Accessory
Delay Relay (Power Windows,
Moonroof, Flip Windows, Audio),
Homelink
Stop Lamp Switch, (Speed
Control, Brake Shift Interlock,
ABS, PCM Module Inputs), GEM
Module, Autolock, Air Suspension
Module
Headlamps (Hi Beams), Cluster
(Hi Beam Indicator)
Heated Mirrors/Rear Window
Defroster Indicator
Instrument Illumination (Dimmer
Switch Power), Clock (Dimmer),
Navigation Screen
Not Used
Audio, Air Suspension Module,
Memory Module, GEM Module
Starter Relay, Fuse 20, Digital
Transmission Range Selector
Air Bag Module, Intelligent
Passenger Air Bag Deactivation
Module
Electrochromic Mirror, Aux A/C,
Heated Seats, Trailer Tow Battery
Charge, Turn/Hazard Flasher,
Console Blower Door Actuator,
4x4 Clutch Relay, 4 Wheel
Anti-Lock Brake System (4WABS)
Module
183
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
24
Fuse Amp
Rating
10A
25
26
27
—
10A
5A
28
29
10A
5A
30
30A
31
10A
Relay
Relay
Relay
Relay
Relay
1
2
3
4
5
—
—
—
—
—
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is
located in the engine compartment.
The power distribution box contains
high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems
from overloads.
184
Passenger Compartment Fuse
Panel Description
EATC Module, EATC
Blower/Flasher Relay, Climate
Control Selector Switch , Feeds
fuse 7
Not Used
Right Side Low Beam Headlamp
Foglamp Relay and Foglamp
Indicator
Left Side Low Beam Headlamp
Autolamp Module, Transmission
Overdrive Control Switch
Passive Anti Theft Transceiver,
Cluster, Ignition Coils, Powertrain
Control Module Relay
Rear Integrated Control Panel
(Audio), CD Player, Cell Phone
Interior Lamp Relay
Battery Saver Relay
Rear Window Defroster Relay
One Touch Down Window Relay
ACC Delay Relay
Roadside emergencies
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
To reduce risk of electrical shock, always replace the cover to
the Power Distribution Box before reconnecting the battery or
refilling fluid reservoirs.
MAXI
FUSE
106
MAXI
FUSE
102
MAXI
FUSE
105
MAXI
FUSE
101
MAXI
FUSE
110
MAXI
FUSE
114
MAXI
FUSE
104
MAXI
FUSE
108
MAXI
FUSE
107
MAXI
FUSE
109
MAXI
FUSE
112
MAXI
FUSE
111
MAXI
FUSE
113
MAXI
FUSE
116
MAXI
FUSE
115
MAXI
FUSE
103
FUSE 1 FUSE 2
FUSE 3 FUSE 4
FUSE 5 FUSE 6
FUSE 7 FUSE 8
FUSE 9 FUSE 10
CB601
FUSE 11 FUSE 12
FUSE 13 FUSE 14
FUSE 15 FUSE 16
FUSE 17 FUSE 18
HALF
RELAY
207
HALF
RELAY
201
HALF
RELAY
202
MAXI
FUSE
117
CB602
MAXI
FUSE
118
HALF
RELAY
204
HALF
RELAY
203
HALF
RELAY 206
HALF
RELAY 205
HALF
RELAY 209
HALF
RELAY 208
FULL
RELAY 301
FULL
RELAY 304
FULL
RELAY 303
R 401
FUSE 19 FUSE 20
FULL
RELAY 302
FUSE 23 FUSE 24
FUSE 21 FUSE 22
D 501
D 502
D 503
If the battery has been disconnected and reconnected, refer to the
Battery section of the Maintenance and specifications chapter.
The high-current fuses are coded as follows:
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
Fuse Amp
Rating
20A *
30A*
30A*
20A*
20A*
15A*
7
20A*
Power Distribution Box
Description
Power Point
Powertrain Control Module
Headlamps/Autolamps
Console Powerpoint
Trailer Tow Backup/Park Lamps
Parklamps/Autolamps, Feeds
Passenger Compartment Fuse 18
Horn
185
Roadside emergencies
186
Fuse/Relay
Location
8
9
Fuse Amp
Rating
30A*
15A*
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
20A*
20A*
10A*
15A*
—
10A*
—
10A*
18
15A*
19
10A*
20
10A*
21
22
23
—
—
15A*
24
101
102
—
30A**
50A**
103
104
105
106
50A**
30A**
40A**
—
Power Distribution Box
Description
Power Door Locks
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL),
Fog Lamps
Fuel Pump
Alternator Field
Rear Wipers
A/C Clutch
Not Used
Running Board Lamps
Not Used
Delayed Accessory (Audio, Flip
Windows)
Powertrain Control Module, Fuel
Injectors, Fuel Pump, Mass Air
Flow Sensor
Trailer Tow Stop and Right Turn
Lamp
Trailer Tow Stop and Left Turn
Lamp
Not Used
Not Used
HEGO Sensors, Canister Vent,
Transmission, CMS Sensor
Not Used
Trailer Tow Battery Charge
Four Wheel Antilock Brake
Module
Junction Box Battery Feed
4x4 Shift Motor & Clutch
Climate Control Front Blower
Not Used
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
107
Fuse Amp
Rating
30A**
108
109
110
111
30A**
50A**
30A**
40A**
112
30A**
113
40A**
114
115
116
30A**
—
40A**
117
118
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
301
302
303
304
401
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Power Distribution Box
Description
Passenger Power Seat, Passenger
Seat Lumbar
Trailer Tow Electric Brake
Air Suspension Compressor
Heated Seats/CCS
Ignition Switch Battery Feed (Run
and Start Circuits)
Memory (Drivers Seat, Adjustable
Pedals, Mirrors), Drivers Seat
Lumbar
Ignition Switch Battery Feed (Run
and Accessory Circuits)
Climate Control Auxilary Blower
Not Used
Rear Window Defroster, Heated
Mirrors
Not Used
Not Used
Trailer Tow Park Lamp Relay
Front Wiper Run/Park Relay
Trailer Tow Backup Lamp Relay
A/C Clutch Relay
Rear Wiper Down
Fog Lamp Relay
Front Washer Pump Relay
Rear Washer Pump Relay
Rear Wiper Up Relay
Fuel Pump Relay
Trailer Tow Battery Charge Relay
Front Wiper Hi/Lo Relay
Powertrain Control Module Relay
Not Used
187
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
501
502
503
Fuse Amp
Rating
—
—
—
601
30A
602
—
*Mini fuses **Maxi fuses
Power Distribution Box
Description
Powertrain Control Module Diode
A/C Clutch Diode
Automatic Park Brake Release
Diode
Delayed Accessory (Power
Windows, Flip Windows, Radio,
Moonroof)
Not Used
Relays
Relays are located in the power distribution box and should be replaced
by qualified technicians.
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Spare tire information
Your vehicle is equipped with a spare tire that may be used as a spare or
a regular tire. The spare is identical to the other tires on your vehicle,
although the wheel trim may not match.
Location of the spare tire and tools
The spare tire and tools for your vehicle are stowed in the following
locations:
Item
Spare tire
Jack, wheel nut wrench,
instructions
Jack handle
188
Location
Under the vehicle, just forward of the rear
bumper
Behind the access panel located on the
right rear quarter panel interior trim
On top of the radiator support at the front
of the engine compartment
Roadside emergencies
Removing the jack handle
1. Open the hood.
2. Unsnap the end of the handle that is retained by the clip on the top of
the windshield washer bottle.
3. Unsnap the shaft of the handle from the two retaining clips attached
to the top of the radiator shroud.
Removing the jack and tools
1. Locate the access panel on the right rear quarter panel interior trim.
Lift the two panel retaining clips and remove the panel.
2. Unsnap the wheel lug nut wrench and instructions from their retaining
bracket.
3. Remove the jack by turning the thumbwheel counterclockwise to
relieve tension against the stowage bracket.
4. If equipped with a two piece lug wrench, assemble the lug wrench as
shown in the illustration.
• To assemble, screw the parts
together. To disassemble,
unscrew.
Removing the spare tire
1. Open the liftgate.
2. Insert the straight end of the jack
handle into the rear access hole
located just above the rear bumper.
Forward motion will stop and
resistance to turning will be felt
when properly engaged.
3. Turn the handle counterclockwise
until tire is lowered to the ground
and the cable is slightly slack.
4. Remove the retainer from the spare tire.
189
Roadside emergencies
Stowing the spare tire
1. Lay the tire on the ground with the outboard side facing up.
2. Install the retainer through the
wheel center and slide the wheel
under the vehicle.
3. Turn the spare handle clockwise
until the tire is raised to its original
position underneath the vehicle. The
spare handle ratchets when the tire
is raised to the stowed position. It
will not allow you to overtighten.
Tire change procedure
To prevent the vehicle from moving when you change a tire, be
sure the parking brake is set, then block (in both directions) the
wheel that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of the vehicle) to
the tire being changed.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
seriously injured.
On vehicles equipped with Air Suspension, turn OFF the Air
Suspension switch prior to jacking, hoisting or towing your
vehicle.
Refer to the instruction sheet (located behind the interior trim access
panel with the jack) for detailed tire change instructions.
190
Roadside emergencies
1. Park on a level surface, activate
hazard flashers and set the parking
brake.
2. Place gearshift lever in P (Park)
and turn engine OFF.
3. Block the diagonally opposite
wheel.
4. Obtain the spare tire and jack
from their storage locations.
5. Use the tip of the lug wrench to
remove any wheel trim.
6. Loosen each wheel lug nut
one-half turn counterclockwise but
do not remove them until the wheel
is raised off the ground.
191
Roadside emergencies
7. Turn OFF the air suspension
switch.
8. Position the jack according to the
following guides and turn the jack
handle clockwise until the wheel is
completely off the ground.
When one of the rear
wheels is off the ground,
the transmission alone will not
prevent the vehicle from moving
or slipping off the jack, even if the
transmission is in P (Park). To
prevent the vehicle from moving
when you change the tire, be sure
that the parking brake is set and
the diagonally opposite wheel is
blocked. If the vehicle slips off the
jack, someone could be seriously
injured.
• Front (4x2)
192
OFF
AIR SUSPENSION
SWITCH
INTERRUPTEUR DE
LA SUSPENSION
PNEUMATIQUE
Roadside emergencies
• Front (4x4)
• Rear
To lessen the risk of
personal injury, do not put
any part of your body under the
vehicle while changing a tire. Do
not start the engine when your
vehicle is on the jack. The jack is
only meant for changing the tire.
• Never use the front or rear
differential as a jacking point.
9. Remove the lug nuts with the lug wrench.
10. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making sure the valve stem
is facing outward. Reinstall the lug nuts until the wheel is snug against
the hub. Do not fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel has been
lowered.
193
Roadside emergencies
11. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
12. Remove the jack and fully
1
tighten the lug nuts in the order
shown.
13. Stow the flat tire. Refer to
3
4
Stowing the spare tire.
14. Stow the jack and lug wrench.
Make sure the jack is fastened so it
does not rattle when you drive.
5
2
15. Unblock the wheels.
16. Turn on the air suspension switch.
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can burn skin, eyes, and
clothing, if contacted.
Do not attempt to push-start your vehicle. Automatic
transmissions do not have push-start capability; also, the
catalytic conveter may become damaged.
Preparing your vehicle
When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the
transmission must relearn its adaptive strategy. As a result of this, the
transmission may shift firmly. This operation is considered normal and
will not affect function or durability of the transmission. Over time, the
adaptive learning process will fully update transmission operation to its
optimum shift feel.
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
194
Roadside emergencies
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake on
both vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving
parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
Connecting the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the positive (+) terminal of
the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the assisting battery.
195
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposed
metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor/fuel injection system. Do not use fuel lines, engine rocker
covers or the intake manifold as grounding points.
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
5. Ensure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts, moving parts of
both engines, or any fuel delivery system parts.
196
Roadside emergencies
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine at
moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for an
additional three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they were
connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.
+
+
–
–
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of the
booster vehicle’s battery.
197
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the booster
vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the
disabled vehicle’s battery.
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cables
removed, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer can
relearn its idle conditions.
198
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center.
It is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a wheel lift or flatbed
equipment. Do not tow with a slingbelt. Ford Motor Company has not
approved a slingbelt towing procedure.
If equipped with air suspension, the air suspension control must be
turned to the OFF position.
On 4x2 vehicles, it is acceptable to tow the vehicle with the front wheels
on the ground (without dollies) and the rear wheels off the ground.
On 4x4 vehicles, it is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a
wheel lift and dollies or flatbed equipment with all the wheels off the
ground.
If the vehicle is towed by other means or incorrectly, vehicle
damage may occur.
Ford Motor Company provides a towing manual for all authorized tow
truck operators. Have your tow truck operator refer to this manual for
proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
199
Customer assistance
GETTING THE SERVICES YOU NEED
At home
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada have authorized dealerships to
service your vehicle. It is preferred that you return to the Ford dealer
where your vehicle was purchased when warranty repairs are needed.
However, you may also take your vehicle to another Ford Motor
Company or Ford of Canada dealership authorized for warranty repairs.
Certain warranty repairs require special training though, so not all
dealers are authorized to perform all warranty repairs. That means that
depending on the warranty repair needed, the vehicle may need to be
taken to another dealer. If a particular dealership can not assist you,
then contact the Customer Relationship Center.
If you have questions or concerns, or are unsatisfied with the service you
are receiving, follow these steps:
1. Contact your Sales Representative or Service Advisor at your
selling/servicing dealership.
2. If your inquiry or concern remains unresolved, contact the Sales
Manager or Service Manager at the dealership.
3. If the inquiry or concern cannot be resolved at the dealership level,
please contact the Ford Customer Relationship Center.
Away from home
If you own a Ford or Mercury vehicle and are away from home when
your vehicle needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership
could provide, after following the steps described above, contact the
Ford Customer Relationship Center to find an authorized dealership to
help you. In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Relationship Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-392-3673 (FORD)
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
200
Customer assistance
In Canada:
Customer Relationship Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
If you own a Lincoln vehicle and are away from home when your vehicle
needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership could
provide, after following the steps described above, contact the Ford
Customer Relationship Center to find an authorized dealership to help
you.
In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Relationship Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-521-4140
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Relationship Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
In order to help you service your Ford or Lincoln Mercury vehicle, please
have the following information available when contacting a Customer
Relationship Center:
• Your telephone number (home and business).
• The name of the dealer and the city where the dealership is located.
• The year and make of your vehicle.
• The date of vehicle purchase.
• The current odometer reading.
• The vehicle identification number (VIN).
If you still have a complaint involving a warranty dispute, you may wish
to contact the Dispute Settlement Board (U.S.).
201
Customer assistance
In some states (in the U.S.) you must directly notify Ford in writing
before pursuing remedies under your state’s warranty laws. Ford is also
allowed a final repair attempt in some states.
In the United States, a warranty dispute must be submitted to the
Dispute Settlement Board before taking action under the Magnuson-Moss
Warranty Act, or to the extent allowed by state law, before pursuing
replacement or repurchase remedies provided by certain state laws. This
dispute handling procedure is not required prior to enforcing state
created rights or other rights which are independent of the
Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act or state replacement or repurchase laws.
FORD EXTENDED SERVICE PLAN
You can get more protection for your new car or light truck by
purchasing Ford Extended Service Plan (Ford ESP) coverage. Ford ESP
is an optional service contract which is backed by Ford Motor Company
or Ford Motor Service Company (in the U.S.) and Ford of Canada (in
Canada). It provides the following:
• Benefits during the warranty period depending on the plan you
purchase (such as: reimbursement for rentals; coverage for certain
maintenance and wear items).
• Protection against covered repair costs after your Bumper-to-Bumper
Warranty expires.
You may purchase Ford ESP from any participating Ford and Lincoln
Mercury and Ford of Canada dealer. There are several plans available in
various time, distance and deductible combinations which can be tailored
to fit your own driving needs. Ford ESP also offers reimbursement
benefits for towing and rental coverage.
When you buy Ford ESP, you receive Peace-of-Mind protection
throughout the United States and Canada, provided by a network of
more than 5,000 participating Ford or Lincoln Mercury and Ford of
Canada dealers.
If you did not take advantage of the Ford Extended Service Plan at the
time of purchasing your vehicle, you may still be eligible. Please contact
your dealer for further information. Since this information is subject to
change, please ask your dealer for complete details about Ford Extended
Service Plan coverage options, or visit the Ford ESP website at
www.ford-esp.com.
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Customer assistance
THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BOARD (U.S. ONLY)
The Dispute Settlement Board is:
• an independent, third-party arbitration program for warranty disputes
• available free to owners and lessees of qualifying Ford Motor Company
vehicles
The Dispute Settlement Board may not be available in all states. Ford
Motor Company reserves the right to change eligibility limitations, modify
procedures and/or to discontinue this service without notice and without
incurring obligations per applicable state law.
What kinds of cases does the Board review?
Unresolved warranty repair concerns or vehicle performance concerns as
on Ford and Lincoln Mercury cars and Ford and Lincoln Mercury light
trucks which are within the terms of any applicable written new vehicle
warranty are eligible for review, except those involving:
• a non-Ford product
• a non-Ford dealership
• sales disputes between customer and dealer except those associated
with warranty repairs or concerns with the vehicle’s performance as
designed
• a request for reimbursement of consequential expenses unless a
service or product concern is being reviewed
• items not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty (including
maintenance and wear items)
• alleged personal injury/property damage claims
• cases currently in litigation
• vehicles not used primarily for family, personal or household purposes
(except in states where the Dispute Settlement Board is required to
review commercial vehicles)
• vehicles with non-U.S. warranties
Concerns are ineligible for review if the New Vehicle Limited Warranty
has expired at receipt of your application and, in certain states eligibility
is dependent upon the customer’s possession of the vehicle.
Eligibility may differ according to state law. For example, see the unique
brochures for California, West Virginia, Georgia and Wisconsin
purchasers/lessees.
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Customer assistance
Board membership
The Board consists of:
• three consumer representatives
• a Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealership representative
Consumer candidates for Board membership are recruited and trained by
an independent consulting firm. The dealership Board member is chosen
from Ford and Lincoln Mercury dealership management, recognized for
their business leadership qualities.
What the Board needs
To have your case reviewed you must complete the application in the
DSB brochure and mail it to the address provided on the application
form. Some states will require you to use certified mail, with return
receipt requested.
Your application is reviewed and, if it is determined to be eligible, you
will receive an acknowledgment indicating:
• The file number assigned to your application.
• The toll-free phone number of the DSB’s independent administrator.
Your dealership and a Ford Motor Company representative will then be
asked to submit statements.
To properly review your case, the Board needs the following information:
• Legible copies of all documents and maintenance or repair orders
relevant to the case.
• The year, make, model, and Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) listed
on your vehicle ownership license.
• The date of repair(s) and mileage at the time of occurrence(s).
• The current mileage.
• The name of the dealer(s) who sold or serviced the vehicle.
• A brief description of your unresolved concern.
• A brief summary of the action taken by the dealer(s) and Ford Motor
Company.
• The names (if known) of all the people you contacted at the
dealership(s).
• A description of the action you expect to resolve your concern.
204
Customer assistance
You will receive a letter of explanation if your application does not
qualify for Board review.
Oral presentations
If you would like to make an oral presentation, indicate YES to question
6 on the application. While it is your right to make an oral presentation
before the Board, this is not a requirement and the Board will decide the
case whether or not an oral presentation is made. An oral presentation
may be requested by the Board as well.
Making a decision
Board members review all available information related to each
complaint, including oral presentations, and arrive at a fair and impartial
decision. Board review may be terminated at any time by either party.
Every effort is made to decide the case within 40 days of the date that
all requested information is received by the Board. Since the Board
generally meets once a month, it may take longer for the Board to
consider some cases.
After a case is reviewed, the Board mails you a decision letter and a
form on which to accept or reject the Board’s decision. The decisions of
the Board are binding on Ford (and, in some cases, on the dealer) but
not on consumers who are free to pursue other remedies available to
them under state or federal law.
To Request a DSB Brochure/Application
For a brochure/application, speak to your dealer or write/call to the
Board at the following address/phone number:
Dispute Settlement Board
P.O. Box 5120
Southfield, MI 48086–5120
1–800–428–3718
You may also contact the North American Customer Relationship Center
at 1-800-392-3673 (Ford), TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952
or by writing to the Center at the following address:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Relationship Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
205
Customer assistance
UTILIZING THE MEDIATION/ARBITRATION PROGRAM
(CANADA ONLY)
In those cases where you continue to feel that the efforts by Ford and
the dealer to resolve a factory-related vehicle service concern have been
unsatisfactory, Ford of Canada participates in an impartial third party
mediation/arbitration program administered by the Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The CAMVAP program is a straight-forward and relatively speedy
alternative to resolve a disagreement when all other efforts to produce a
settlement have failed. This procedure is without cost to you and is
designed to eliminate the need for lengthy and expensive legal
proceedings.
In the CAMVAP program, impartial third-party arbitrators conduct
hearings at mutually convenient times and places in an informal
environment. These impartial arbitrators review the positions of the
parties, make decisions and, when appropriate, render awards to resolve
disputes. CAMVAP decisions are fast, fair, and final; the arbitrator’s
award is binding both to you and Ford of Canada.
CAMVAP services are available in all territories and provinces. For more
information, without charge or obligation, call your CAMVAP Provincial
Administrator directly at 1-800-207-0685.
GETTING ASSISTANCE OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND CANADA
Before exporting your vehicle to a foreign country, contact the
appropriate foreign embassy or consulate. These officials can inform you
of local vehicle registration regulations and where to find unleaded fuel.
If you cannot find unleaded fuel or can only get fuel with an anti-knock
index lower than is recommended for your vehicle, contact a district or
owner relations/customer relationship office.
The use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without proper conversion may
damage the effectiveness of your emission control system and may cause
engine knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor Company/Ford of
Canada is not responsible for any damage caused by use of improper
fuel.
In the United States, using leaded fuel may also result in difficulty
importing your vehicle back into the U.S.
206
Customer assistance
If your vehicle must be serviced while you are traveling or living in
Central or South America, the Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the
nearest Ford dealership. If the dealership cannot help you, write or call:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
WORLDWIDE DIRECT MARKET OPERATIONS
1555 Fairlane Drive
Fairlane Business Park #3
Allen Park, Michigan 48101
U.S.A.
Telephone: (313) 594-4857
FAX: (313) 390-0804
If you are in another foreign country, contact the nearest Ford
dealership. If the dealership employees cannot help you, they can direct
you to the nearest Ford affiliate office.
If you buy your vehicle in North America and then relocate outside of
the U.S. or Canada, register your vehicle identification number (VIN) and
new address with Ford Motor Company Worldwide Direct Market
Operations.
ORDERING ADDITIONAL OWNER’S LITERATURE
To order the publications in this portfolio, contact Helm, Incorporated at:
HELM, INCORPORATED
P.O. Box 07150
Detroit, Michigan 48207
Or call:
For a free publication catalog, order toll free: 1-800-782-4356
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST
(Items in this catalog may be purchased by credit card holders only.)
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Customer assistance
Obtaining a French owner’s guide
French Owner’s Guides can be obtained from your dealer or by writing to
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited, Service Publications, P.O. Box
1580, Station B, Mississauga, Ontario L4Y 4G3.
IN CALIFORNIA (U.S. ONLY)
California Civil Code Section 1793.2(d) requires that, if a manufacturer
or its representative is unable to repair a motor vehicle to conform to the
vehicle’s applicable express warranty after a reasonable number of
attempts, the manufacturer shall be required to either replace the
vehicle with one substantially identical or repurchase the vehicle and
reimburse the buyer in an amount equal to the actual price paid or
payable by the consumer (less a reasonable allowance for consumer
use). The consumer has the right to choose whether to receive a refund
or replacement vehicle.
California Civil Code Section 1793.22(b) presumes that the manufacturer
has had a reasonable number of attempts to conform the vehicle to its
applicable express warranties if, within the first 18 months of ownership
of a new vehicle or the first 29 000 km (18 000 miles), whichever occurs
first:
1. Two or more repair attempts are made on the same nonconformity
likely to cause death or serious bodily injury OR
2. Four or more repair attempts are made on the same nonconformity (a
defect or condition that substantially impairs the use, value or safety of
the vehicle) OR
3. The vehicle is out of service for repair of nonconformities for a total of
more than 30 calendar days (not necessarily all at one time)
In the case of 1 or 2 above, the consumer must also notify the
manufacturer of the need for the repair of the nonconformity at the
following address:
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
Mail Drop 3NE-B
Dearborn, MI 48126
208
Customer assistance
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect which could cause a crash,
or could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
209
Cleaning
WASHING THE EXTERIOR OF YOUR VEHICLE
Never wash a vehicle that is “hot to
the touch” or during exposure to
strong, direct sunlight. It is
recommended that you wash your
vehicle regularly with cool or
lukewarm water and a neutral Ph
shampoo, such as Detail Wash
(ZC-3–A), which is available from
your authorized Ford, Lincoln or
Mercury dealer. Always use a clean
sponge or carwash mitt with plenty
of water for best results. Dry the vehicle with a chamois or soft terry
cloth towel in order to eliminate water spotting.
Never use strong household detergents or soap, such as dish
washing or laundry liquid. These products can discolor and spot
painted surfaces.
It is especially important to wash the vehicle regularly during winter
months, as dirt and road salt are difficult to remove and do cause
damage to the vehicle.
Items such as gasoline, diesel fuel, bird droppings and insect deposits
should be washed and sponged off as soon as possible. Deposits not
removed promptly can cause damage to the vehicle’s paintwork and trim
over time.
Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before
entering a car wash.
PROTECTING THE PAINT FINISH OF YOUR VEHICLE
Applying a polymer paint sealant to your vehicle on a regular basis will
assist in reducing minor scratches and paint damage.
A typical paint sealant lasts approximately six months to a year,
depending on local weather conditions and the cleaning soap that is used
in washing the vehicle.
Do not use a wax that beads excessively.
Do not allow paint sealant to come in contact with any non-body
(low-gloss black) colored trim, such as grained door handles, roof
racks, bumpers, side moldings, mirror housings or the windshield
cowl area. The paint sealant will “gray” or stain the parts over time.
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Cleaning
REPAIRING PAINT CHIPS
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect deposits, tar
spots, road salt and industrial fallout before repairing paint chips.
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris may be repaired using
the Ultra Touch Prep and Finishing Kit (F7AZ-19K507–BA), which is
available at your authorized Ford, Lincoln or Mercury dealer. This kit
contains:
• Lacquer Touch-Up Paint (ALBZ-19500–XXXXA)
• Exterior Acrylic Spray Lacquer (ALAZ-19500–XXXXA)
Please note that the part numbers (shown as XXXX above) will vary with
your vehicle’s specific coloring. Carefully observe the application
instructions on the products.
CLEANING THE WHEEL RIMS AND COVERS
Aluminum wheel rims or covers are coated with a clearcoat paint
finish.
Some automatic car washes may cause damage to the finish on your
wheel rims or covers. Chemical-strength cleaners, or cleaning chemicals,
in combination with brush agitation to remove brake dust and dirt, could
wear away the clearcoat finish over time.
Do not use hydrofluoric acid-based or high caustic-based wheel
cleaners, steel wool, fuels or strong household detergents for
soiled wheel rims and covers.
Never apply any cleaning chemical to hot or warm wheel rims or covers.
Clean wheel rims and covers with Detail Wash (ZC-3–A), which is
available from your authorized Ford, Lincoln or Mercury dealer. Spray
cleaner on cool wheel rims or covers and allow to set for 2–5 minutes.
Agitate the area with a sponge and rinse off with plenty of water.
Use Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil Removal (B7A-19520–AA),
available from your authorized Ford, Lincoln or Mercury dealer, in order
to remove tar and grease from wheel rims and covers.
CLEANING THE ENGINE
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• The engine must be cool to the touch before spraying with water.
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Cleaning
• Never spray a hot engine with cold water, as damage to the
engine block or engine components may occur.
• Use caution when using a self-serve power washer (1000psi maximum
pressure) to clean the engine, as the high-pressure fluid could
penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Never apply anything to any exposed belts in the engine
compartment, including the belt dressing.
For general cleaning of the engine and engine compartment, spray
Engine Shampoo and Degreaser (F4AZ-19A536–A) on all parts that
require cleaning and pressure rinse the area with cool water.
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning
the engine.
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
WASHING NON-PAINTED PLASTIC EXTERIOR PARTS
Use Detail Wash (ZC-3–A) for routine cleaning.
If tar or grease spots are present, clean with Extra Strength Tar and
Road Oil Removal (B7A-19520–AA).
Use only approved products to clean plastic parts. These products
are available from your authorized Ford, Lincoln or Mercury dealer.
WASHING THE EXTERIOR LAMPS
In order to avoid scratching the plastic lamps, do not use dry
paper towels, non-approved chemical solvents or abrasive
cleaners.
212
Cleaning
Use a soft cloth and a solution of Triple Clean (EOAZ-19526–AA), mixed
properly with water, in order to remove bug residue. If tar or grease
spots are present, clean with Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil Removal
(B7A-19520–AA).
CLEANING THE WINDSHIELD, WIPER BLADES AND REAR
WINDOW
If the wiper does not wipe properly, substances on the windshield, rear
window or the wiper blades may be the cause. These may include hot
wax treatments used by commercial car washes, tree sap, or other
organic contamination.
Do not clean the windshield or rear window glass with abrasives,
as they may cause scratches.
Do not use fuel, kerosene, or paint thinner to clean the
windshield, rear window or the wiper blades as damage may
occur.
Clean the outside of the windshield or rear window with a non-abrasive
cleaner such as Ultra Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (E4AZ-19C507–AA),
available from your authorized Ford, Lincoln or Mercury dealer. If after
cleaning the glass surface, the water sheets from the glass (e.g., does not
bead), then the window is clean.
The windshield, rear window and wiper blades should be cleaned
regularly. Wiper blades can be cleaned with isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol
or windshield washer solution. Be sure to replace wiper blades when
they appear worn or do not function properly.
CLEANING THE INSTRUMENT PANEL
Clean the instrument panel with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaners or polish that increase the gloss of the upper portion of
the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the driver
from undesirable windshield reflection.
Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaning
the steering wheel or instrument panel to avoid contamination of
the air bag system.
213
Cleaning
CLEANING THE INSTRUMENT CLUSTER LENS
Wipe the cluster area with a soft, damp cotton towel. Dry the area with a
clean, dry towel.
CLEANING SEATS EQUIPPED WITH SIDE AIR BAGS
Remove dust and loose dirt with a vacuum cleaner. In order to remove
stains and soil, clean with Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner
(E8AZ-19523–AA).
Never saturate the seat covers with any cleaning solution.
Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaning
the seat where the side air bag is mounted. Such products could
contaminate the side air bag system and affect performance of the side
air bag in a collision. The air bag may not function correctly and not
provide injury reduction benefits.
CLEANING THE INTERIOR FABRIC, CARPETS AND CLOTH SEATS
Remove dust and loose dirt with a vacuum cleaner. Remove light stains
and soil with Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (E8AZ-19523–AA).
Never saturate the seat covers with cleaning solution.
Do not use household cleaning products or glass cleaners, which
can stain and discolor the fabric and affect the flame retardent
abilities of the seat materials.
If grease or tar is present on the material, spot-clean the area first with
Spot and Stain Remover (F3AZ-19521–WA). Follow up by recleaning the
area with Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (E8AZ-19523–AA).
CLEANING LEATHER SEATS (IF EQUIPPED)
All Ford, Lincoln and Mercury vehicles with leather seating surfaces have
a clear, protective coating over the leather.
To clean the leather seats, simply use a soft cloth with Deluxe Leather
and Vinyl Cleaner (F2AZ-19521–WA). Dry the area with a soft cloth.
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Cleaning
It is recommended that you use the Deluxe Leather Care Kit
(F8AZ-19G253–AA), available from your authorized Ford, Lincoln or
Mercury dealer. The mild cleaner and special pad available in the kit
cleans the leather and maintains its natural beauty. For best results,
follow the instructions printed on the cleaner label. Regular cleaning of
your leather upholstery helps maintain its resiliency and color.
Do not use household cleaning products, alcohol solutions,
solvents or cleaners intended for rubber, vinyl and plastics, or
oil/petroleum-based leather conditioners. These products may
cause premature wearing of the clear, protective coating.
CLEANING WOOD-TONE TRIM
Wipe stains with a clean, soft cloth and Ultra Clear Spray Glass Cleaner
(E4AZ-19C507–AA). Dry the area by wiping with a dry, soft, clean cloth.
CLEANING THE INSIDE WINDOWS
Use Ultra Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (E4AZ-19C507–AA) for the inside
windows if they become fogged.
To clean, use two lint-free, soft towels, folded into a pad-shape. Mist the
glass completely with cleaner, and use one of the towels to evenly agitate
the surface. Use the other towel to remove the residue.
CLEANING THE CLIMATE CONTROL SEATS (IF EQUIPPED)
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Clean the seat with a damp cloth, using
a mild soap and water solution, if necessary.
CLEANING AND MAINTAINING THE SAFETY BELTS
Clean the safety belts with Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner
(E8AZ-19523–AA), available from your authorized Ford, Lincoln or
Mercury dealer.
Do not use bleach, dye or any other solvent to clean the belts, as
these actions may weaken the belt webbing.
UNDERBODY
Flush the complete underside of your vehicle frequently. Keep body and
door drain holes free from packed dirt.
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Cleaning
FORD, LINCOLN AND MERCURY CAR CARE PRODUCTS
Your Ford, Lincoln or Mercury dealer has many quality products available
to clean your vehicle and protect its finishes. These quality products
have been specifically engineered to fulfill your automotive needs; they
are custom designed to complement the style and appearance of your
vehicle. Each product is made from high quality materials that meet or
exceed rigid specifications. For best results, use the following or
products of equivalent quality:
Ford Custom Clearcoat Polish*
Ford Custom Silicone Gloss Polish
Ford Custom Vinyl Protectant* (not available in Canada)
Motorcraft Vinyl Conditioner (Canada only)
Ford Deluxe Leather and Vinyl Cleaner (not available in Canada)
Motorcraft Vinyl Cleaner (Canada only)
Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil Remover* (not available in
Canada)
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (not available in Canada)
Ford Custom Bright Metal Cleaner
Motorcraft Premium Car Wash Concentrate
Motorcraft Carlite Glass Cleaner (Canada only)
Ford Spot and Stain Remover*
Ford Super Premium Tire and Trim Dressing
Ford Triple Clean
Ford Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (not available in Canada)
Ford Engine Shampoo and Degreaser
* May be sold with the Motorcraft name
216
Maintenance and specifications
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a scheduled maintenance guide which makes tracking
routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
the necessary parts and service. Check your Warranty Guide to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, make sure that loose clothing, jewelry or
long hair does not get caught up in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in Battery
in this chapter.
217
Maintenance and specifications
Working with the engine off
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Note: Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do not
remove it while the engine is running.
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
bottom left corner of the instrument
panel.
HOOD
BRAKE
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and
release the auxiliary latch located
under the front of the hood, just
above the passenger side headlamp.
Slide the yellow handle to release
the auxiliary latch.
3. Lift the hood until the lift
cylinders hold it open.
218
Maintenance and specifications
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
5.4L 4V V8 engine
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
9
1. Battery
2. Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
3. Engine oil filler cap
4. Power steering fluid reservoir
5. Engine oil dipstick
6. Brake fluid reservoir
7. Power distribution box
8. Air filter assembly
9. Engine coolant reservoir
10. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
219
Maintenance and specifications
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
Washer fluid
Check the washer fluid whenever
you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
highlighted with a
symbol.
If the level is low, add enough fluid
to fill the reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the reservoir all
the way.
Only use a washer fluid that meets Ford specification ESR-M17P5–A.
Refer to Lubricant specifications in this chapter.
State or local regulations on volatile organic compounds may restrict the
use of methanol, a common windshield washer antifreeze additive.
Washer fluids containing non-methanol antifreeze agents should be used
only if they provide cold weather protection without damaging the
vehicle’s paint finish, wiper blades or washer system.
Note: Do not put washer fluid in the engine coolant reservoir. Washer
fluid placed in the cooling system may harm engine and cooling system
components.
Checking and adding washer fluid for the liftgate
Washer fluid for the liftgate is supplied by the same reservoir as the
windshield.
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate intervals
for checking the engine oil.
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
220
Maintenance and specifications
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the
engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
MIN
MAX
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is between the MIN and MAX marks, the oil level is
acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
• If the oil level is below the MIN
mark, add enough oil to raise the
level within the MIN-MAX range.
• Oil levels above the MAX mark may cause engine damage. Some oil
must be removed from the engine by a service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
221
Maintenance and specifications
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal range, add only certified
engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil filler cap
and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the
MAX mark on the engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.
5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the filler cap clockwise
1/4 of a turn until three clicks are heard or until the cap is fully seated.
To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the vehicle with the
engine oil level indicator and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this certification
trademark.
SAE 5W-20 engine oil is recommended.
Only use oils “Certified For Gasoline Engines” by the American
Petroleum Institute (API). Use Motorcraft or an equivalent oil meeting
Ford specification WSS-M2C153–H. SAE 5W-20 oil provides optimum
fuel economy and durability performance meeting all
requirements for your vehicle’s engine.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the scheduled maintenance guide.
222
Maintenance and specifications
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, start-up
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
BATTERY
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Motorcraft maintenance-free battery
which normally does not require
additional water during its life of
service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature climates, check the
battery electrolyte level. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for
the service interval schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the “level indicator”.
Do not overfill the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery
cells with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the
charging system checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water.
When the battery is disconnected or a new battery installed, the
transmission must learn its adaptive strategy. As a result of this, the
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Maintenance and specifications
transmission may shift firmly. This operation is considered normal and
will fully update transmission operation to its optimum shift feel.
Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause
personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted
substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,
always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper
ventilation.
When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the
end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,
resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.
Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite
corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric
acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes
when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of
acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush
immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and
lead compunds. Wash hands after handling.
For information on transmission operation after the battery has been
disconnected see “Shift strategy” in the driving section.
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled by a computer,
some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. When
the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the engine must
relearn its idle and fuel trim strategy for optimum driveability and
performance. To begin this process:
1. With the vehicle at a complete stop, set the parking brake.
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park), turn off all accessories and start the
engine.
3. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature.
4. Allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
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Maintenance and specifications
RN
LE
TU
AD
RE
5. Turn the A/C on and allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
6. With your foot on the brake pedal and with the A/C on, put the
vehicle in D (Drive) and allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
7. Drive the vehicle to complete the relearning process.
• The vehicle may need to be driven 16 km (10 miles) or more to
relearn the idle and fuel trim strategy.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle trim, the idle
quality of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle
trim is eventually relearned.
If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,
the clock must be reset once the battery is reconnected.
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your local authorized
standards for disposal. Call your
local authorized recycling center
to find out more about recycling
automotive batteries.
RECYCLE
ENGINE COOLANT
Checking engine coolant
The concentration and level of engine coolant should be checked at the
mileage intervals listed in the scheduled maintenance guide. The coolant
concentration should be maintained at 50/50 coolant and water, which
equates to a freeze point of -36° C (-34° F). Coolant concentration
testing is possible with a hydrometer or antifreeze tester (such as the
Rotunda Battery and Antifreeze Tester, 014–R1060). The level of coolant
should be maintained at the “cold full” of “cold fill range” level in the
coolant reservoir. If the level falls below, add coolant per the instructions
in the Adding Engine Coolant section.
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Maintenance and specifications
Your vehicle was factory-filled with a 50/50 engine coolant and water
concentration. If the concentration of coolant falls below 40% or above
60%, the engine parts could become damaged or not work properly. A
50–50 mixture of coolant and water provides the following:
• Freeze protection down to -36° C (-34° F).
• Boiling protection up to 129° C (265° F).
• Protection against rust and other forms of corrosion.
• Enables calibrated gauges to work properly.
When the engine is cold, check the
level of the engine coolant in the
reservoir.
COLD FILL
RANGE
• The engine coolant should be at the “cold fill level” or within the “cold
fill range” as listed on the engine coolant reservoir (depending upon
application).
• Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for service interval
schedules.
• Be sure to read and understand Precautions when servicing your
vehicle in this chapter.
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,
the engine coolant reservoir may become low or empty. If the reservoir is
low or empty, add engine coolant to the reservoir. Refer to Adding
engine coolant in this chapter.
Note: Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine
coolant, antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its specified
function and vehicle location.
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Maintenance and specifications
Adding engine coolant
When adding coolant, make sure it is a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant
and distilled water. Add the mixture to the coolant reservoir, when the
engine is cool, until the appropriate fill level is obtained.
Do not add engine coolant when the engine is hot. Steam and
scalding liquids released from a hot cooling system can burn you
badly. Also, you can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts.
Do not put engine coolant in the windshield washer fluid
container. If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could
make it difficult to see through the windshield.
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with either green-colored
Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant meeting Ford specification
ESE-M97B44–A or yellow-colored Motorcraft Premium Gold Engine
Coolant meeting Ford Specification WSS-M97B51–A1. To determine your
vehicle’s coolant type (color), check your coolant reservoir.
• Add Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant (green-colored),
VC-4–A (U.S.) or CXC-10 (Canada) or Motorcraft Premium
Gold Engine Coolant (yellow-colored), VC-7–A, depending on
the type of coolant originally equipped in your vehicle. If you
are unsure which type of coolant your vehicle requires, check your
coolant reservoir or contact your local dealer.
• Do not add/mix an orange-colored, extended life coolant such
as Motorcraft Speciality Orange Engine Coolant, VC-2 (US) or
CXC-209 (Canada), meeting Ford specification WSS-M97B44–D
with the factory-filled coolant. Mixing Motorcraft Speciality Orange
Engine Coolant or any orange-colored extended life product with your
factory filled coolant can result in degraded corrosion protection.
• A large amount of water without engine coolant may be added, in case
of emergency, to reach a vehicle service location. In this instance, the
cooling system must be drained and refilled with a 50/50 mixture of
engine coolant and distilled water as soon as possible. Water alone
(without engine coolant) can cause engine damage from corrosion,
overheating or freezing.
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Maintenance and specifications
• Do not use alcohol, methanol or brine or any engine coolants
mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze (coolant). Alcohol
and other liquids can cause engine damage from overheating or
freezing.
• Do not add extra inhibitors or additives to the coolant. These
can be harmful and compromise the corrosion protection of the engine
coolant.
• Do not mix with recycled coolant unless from a Ford-approved
recycling process (see Use of Recycled Engine Coolant section).
For vehicles with overflow coolant systems with a non-pressurized cap
on the coolant recovery system, add coolant to the coolant recovery
reservoir when the engine is cool. Add the proper mixture of coolant and
water to the “cold full” level. For all other vehicles, which have a coolant
degas system with a pressurized cap, or if it is necessary to remove the
coolant pressure relief cap on the radiator of a vehicle with an overflow
system, follow these steps to add engine coolant.
To avoid personal injury, make sure the engine is cool before
unscrewing the coolant pressure relief cap. The cooling system is
under pressure; steam and hot liquid can come out forcefully when the
cap is loosened slightly.
1. Before you begin, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the coolant
pressure relief cap on the coolant reservoir (an opaque plastic bottle).
Slowly turn cap counterclockwise (left) until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
5. Fill the coolant reservoir slowly with the proper coolant mixture (see
above), to within the “cold fill range” or the “cold full” level on the
reservoir. If you removed the radiator cap in an overflow system, fill the
radiator until the coolant is visible and radiator is almost full.
6. Replace the cap. Turn until tightly installed. (Cap must be tightly
installed to prevent coolant loss.)
After any coolant has been added, check the coolant concentration see
Checking Engine Coolant section). If the concentration is not 50/50
(protection to –34° F/–36° C), drain some coolant and adjust the
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Maintenance and specifications
concentration. It may take several drains and additions to obtain a 50/50
coolant concentration.
Whenever coolant has been added, the coolant level in the coolant
reservoir should be checked the next few times you drive the vehicle. If
necessary, add enough 50/50 concentration of engine coolant and
distilled water to bring the liquid level to the proper level.
If you have to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per
month, have your dealer check the engine cooling system. Your cooling
system may have a leak. Operating an engine with a low level of coolant
can result in engine overheating and possible engine damage.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends the use of a recycled engine coolant
produced by Ford-approved processes in vehicles originally equipped
with Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant (green-colored). However, not
all coolant recycling processes produce coolant that meets Ford
specification ESE-M97B44–A. Use of such coolant may harm the engine
and cooling system components.
Ford Motor Company does NOT recommend the use of recycled engine
coolant in vehicles originally equipped with Motorcraft Premium Gold
Engine Coolant since a Ford-approved recycling process is not yet
available.
Used engine coolant should be disposed of in an appropriate
manner. Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling
and disposing of automotive fluids.
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in this chapter.
Fill your engine coolant reservoir as outlined in Adding engine coolant
in this chapter.
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Maintenance and specifications
Severe climates
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36° C [–34° F]):
• It may be necessary to increase the coolant concentration
above 50%.
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.
• Increased engine coolant concentrations above 60% will
decrease the overheat protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• Refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
freeze protection at the temperatures in which you drive in the
winter months.
If you drive in extremely hot climates:
• It is still necessary to maintain the coolant concentration
above 40%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.
• Decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
decrease the corrosion protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• Decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
decrease the freeze protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• Refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
protection at the temperatures in which you drive.
Vehicles driven year-round in non-extreme climates should use a 50/50
mixture of engine coolant and distilled water for optimum cooling system
and engine protection.
What you should know about fail-safe cooling
If the engine coolant supply is depleted, this feature allows the vehicle to
be driven temporarily before incremental component damage is incurred.
The “fail-safe” distance depends on ambient temperatures, vehicle load
and terrain.
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Maintenance and specifications
How fail-safe cooling works
If the engine begins to overheat:
• The engine coolant temperature
gauge will move to the red (hot)
area.
• The
and the
symbol
will illuminate.
• The Service Engine Soon
indicator light will illuminate.
If the engine reaches a preset
over-temperature condition, the engine will automatically switch to
alternating cylinder operation. Each disabled cylinder acts as an air
pump and cools the engine.
When this occurs the vehicle will still operate. However:
• The engine power will be limited.
• The air conditioning system will be disabled.
Continued operation will increase the engine temperature:
• The engine will completely shut down.
• Steering and braking effort will increase.
Once the engine temperature cools, the engine can be re-started. Take
your vehicle to a service facility as soon as possible to minimize engine
damage.
H
C
When fail-safe mode is activated
You have limited engine power when in the fail-safe mode, so drive the
vehicle with caution. The vehicle will not be able to maintain high speed
operation and the engine will run rough. Remember that the engine is
capable of completely shutting down automatically to prevent engine
damage, therefore:
1. Pull off the road as soon as safely possible and turn off the engine.
2. Arrange for the vehicle to be taken to a service facility.
3. If this is not possible, wait a short period for the engine to cool.
4. Check the coolant level and replenish if low.
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Maintenance and specifications
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
5. Restart the engine and take your vehicle to a service facility.
Driving the vehicle without repairing the engine problem
increases the chance of engine damage. Take your vehicle to a
service facility as soon as possible.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel cap to disengage in a collision, which may result in possible
personal injury.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
Gasoline may contain benzene, which is a cancer-causing agent.
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Maintenance and specifications
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. Fuel such as
gasoline is highly toxic and if
swallowed can cause death or
permanent injury. If fuel is
swallowed, call a physician immediately, even if no symptoms are
immediately apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for
hours.
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind
can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,
excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious
illness and permanent injury.
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and
seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could
lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated
clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or
prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors,
or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In sensitive
individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If fuel is
splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap and
water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an adverse
reaction.
When refueling always shut the engine off and never allow
sparks or open flames near the filler neck. Never smoke while
refueling. Fuel vapor is extremely hazardous under certain conditions.
Care should be taken to avoid inhaling excess fumes.
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Maintenance and specifications
The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle can produce static
electricity, which can cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an
ungrounded fuel container.
Use the following guidelines to avoid static build-up when filling an
ungrounded fuel container:
• Place approved fuel container on the ground.
• DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the vehicle (including the
cargo area).
• Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the fuel container while
filling.
• DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel pump handle in the fill
position.
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with a 1/8 turn on/off
feature.
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/8 of a turn until it
stops.
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with the notches on the
filler pipe.
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/8 of a turn until it stops.
If the “Service Engine Soon/Check Engine” indicator comes on and stays
on after you start the engine, the fuel filler cap may not be properly
installed. Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap, align the cap
properly and reinstall it.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with a fuel filler
cap that is designed for your vehicle. The customer warranty may
be void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if the
correct genuine Ford or Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
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Maintenance and specifications
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel cap to disengage in a collision, which may result in possible
personal injury.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage critical fuel system
components.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle was
not designed may not be covered by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is designed to use
“Premium” unleaded gasoline with
an (R+M)/2 octane rating of 91 or
higher for optimum performance.
(R+M)/2 METHOD
The use of gasolines with lower
octane ratings may degrade performance. We do not recommend the use
of gasolines labeled as “Premium” in high altitude areas that are sold
with octane ratings of less than 91.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes knocks lightly. However, if
it knocks heavily under most driving conditions while you are using fuel
with the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician to prevent any engine damage.
91
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded
235
Maintenance and specifications
gasoline. “Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended (particularly
in the United States) because it may cause these problems to become
more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use high quality fuel of the recommended octane
rating. Aftermarket products could cause damage to the fuel system.
Repairs to correct the effects of using an aftermarket product in your
fuel may not be covered by your warranty.
Many of the world’s automakers
issued the World-wide Fuel Charter
that recommends gasoline
specifications to provide improved
performance and emission control
system protection for your vehicle.
Gasolines that meet the World-wide
Fuel Charter should be used when
available. Ask your fuel supplier
about gasolines that meet the
World-wide Fuel Charter. In Canada,
look for fuels that display the Auto Makers’ Choicey logo.
Cleaner air
Ford endorses the use of reformulated “cleaner-burning” gasolines to
improve air quality.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out of fuel because this situation may have an adverse
affect on powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to cycle the ignition from OFF to ON several times after
refueling, to allow the fuel system to pump the fuel from the tank to
the engine.
• Your “Service Engine Soon” indicator may come on. For more
information on the “Service Engine Soon” indicator, refer to the
Instrument Cluster chapter.
236
Maintenance and specifications
Fuel Filter
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service
technician. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate
intervals for changing the fuel filter.
Replace the fuel filter with an authorized Motorcraft part. The
customer warranty may be void for any damage to the fuel system
if an authorized Motorcraft fuel filter is not used.
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, the
driver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently as
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fillups or fuel gauge readings are
NOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommend
taking fuel economy measurements during the first 1 600 km (1 000
miles) of driving (engine break-in period). You will get a more accurate
measurement after 3 000 km–5 000 km (2 000 miles-3 000 miles).
Filling the tank
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal to
the rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Refill capacities
section of this chapter.
The advertised capacity is the amount of the indicated capacity and the
empty reserve combined. Indicated capacity is the difference in the
amount of fuel in a full tank and a tank when the fuel gauge indicates
empty. Empty reserve is the small amount of fuel remaining in the fuel
tank after the fuel gauge indicates empty.
The amount of usable fuel in the empty reserve varies and should
not be relied upon to increase driving range. When refueling your
vehicle after the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be
able to refuel the full amount of the advertised capacity of the
fuel tank due to the empty reserve still present in the tank.
For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:
• Turn the engine/ignition switch to the off position prior to refueling,
an error in the reading will result if the engine is left running.
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each time
the tank is filled.
237
Maintenance and specifications
•
•
•
•
Allow no more than 2 automatic click-offs when filling.
Always use fuel with the recommended octane rating.
Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a national brand.
Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the
same direction each time you fill up.
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading
(in kilometers or miles).
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and record
the current odometer reading.
4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the current odometer
reading.
5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fuel
economy:
Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total kilometers
traveled.
Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (city
or highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel
economy under current driving conditions. Additionally, keeping records
during summer and winter will show how temperature impacts fuel
economy. In general, lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to change
a number of variables and improve your fuel economy.
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel
economy.
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Maintenance and specifications
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may waste
fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 88 km/h [55 mph] uses 15%
less fuel than traveling at 105 km/h [65 mph]).
• Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.
• Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.
• You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain if
unnecessary shifting between third and fourth gear occurs.
Unnecessary shifting of this type could result in reduced fuel
economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and may
reduce fuel economy.
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fuel
economy.
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel
economy.
• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant specifications in
this chapter.
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the
recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checks
found in your vehicle scheduled maintenance guide.
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy
at any speed.
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately
0.4 km/L [1 mpg] is lost for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
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Maintenance and specifications
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug
deflectors, rollbars/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) may
reduce fuel economy.
• Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first
12–16 km (8–10 miles) of driving.
• Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel economy as compared to
driving on hilly terrain.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when operated in the top
cruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.
• Four-wheel-drive operation (if equipped) is less fuel efficient than
two-wheel-drive operation.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact your
dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA
window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy comparisons
with other vehicles.
It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the window
sticker. These numbers represent the Range of L/100 km (MPG)
expected on the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel economy
may vary depending upon the method of operation and conditions.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with
applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission control components continue to work
properly:
• Use only the specified fuel listed.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your scheduled maintenance guide performed
according to the specified schedule.
240
Maintenance and specifications
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the scheduled maintenance
guide are essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its
emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Illumination of the “Check Engine” light, charging system warning light
or the temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke or
loss of engine power, could indicate that the emission control system is
not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentially
lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services,
sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not
permitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent
it from working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on
the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your Warranty Guide for complete emission warranty
information.
Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostics system. If your “Check Engine/Service Engine
Soon” light is on, refer to the description in the Warning lights and
chimes section of the Instrument Cluster chapter. Your vehicle may not
pass the I/M test with the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the on-board diagnostics system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test”
condition. To ready the on-board diagnostics system for I/M testing, a
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Maintenance and specifications
minimum of 30 minutes of city and highway driving is necessary as
described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go, city-type traffic with
at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid. Refer to the scheduled maintenance
guide for the service interval schedules. If adding fluid is necessary, use
only Ford Premium Power Steering Fluid.
1. Start the engine and let it run
until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant
temperature gauge indicator will be
near the center of the normal area
between H and C).
2. While the engine idles, turn the
steering wheel left and right several
times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. Check the fluid level in the
reservoir. It should be between the
MIN and MAX lines. Do not add
fluid if the level is in this range.
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in
small amounts, continuously
checking the level until it reaches
the range between the MIN and
MAX lines. Be sure to put the cap
back on the reservoir.
MAX
MIN
MAX
MIN
242
Maintenance and specifications
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed. Refer to the
scheduled maintenance guide for
the service interval schedules.
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid from
a clean un-opened container until
MAX
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
above this line.
MIN
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid
certified to meet Ford specification ESA-M6C25–A. Refer to Lubricant
specifications in this chapter.
Brake fluid is toxic. If brake fluid contacts the eyes, flush eyes
with running water for 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if
irritation persists. If taken internally, drink water and induce vomiting.
Seek medical attention immediately.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the fluid level in the reservoir for the master cylinder
fall below the MIN mark. If master cylinder runs dry, this may
cause the brakes to fail.
243
Maintenance and specifications
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid
Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide for scheduled intervals for
fluid checks and changes. Your transmission does not consume fluid.
However, the fluid level should be checked if the transmission is not
working properly, i.e., if the transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you
notice some sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an
accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is at normal operating
temperature (approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been
operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot
weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off for about 30
minutes to allow fluid to cool before checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear
ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag. If
necessary, refer to Identifying components in the engine compartment
in this chapter for the location of the dipstick.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in
the designated area for normal operating temperature or ambient
temperature.
Low fluid level
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is at the bottom of the dipstick
and the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F).
244
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
Maintenance and specifications
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating
temperature 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal
operating temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km (20
miles) of driving.
You can check the fluid without driving if the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F). However, if fluid is added at this time, an overfill
condition could result when the vehicle reaches normal operating
temperature.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]).
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at ambient temperature
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]).
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the safe range
may result in transmission failure.
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
An overfill condition of transmission
fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition.
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and also in the
Lubricant specifications section in this chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause
internal transmission component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
245
Maintenance and specifications
If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
should be removed by a qualified
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
technician.
An overfill condition of
transmission fluid may cause shift and/or engagement concerns
and/or possible damage.
DRIVELINE UNIVERSAL JOINT AND SLIP YOKE
Your vehicle may be equipped with universal joints that require
lubrication. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for maintenance
intervals. If the original universal joints are replaced with universal joints
equipped with grease fittings, lubrication will also be necessary.
AIR FILTER MAINTENANCE
Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate intervals
for changing the air filter element.
When changing the air filter element, use only the Motorcraft air filter
element listed. Refer to Motorcraft Part Numbers.
Note: Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do not
remove it while the engine is running.
Changing the air filter element
1. Loosen the clamp that secures
the air inlet tube to the engine air
filter cover and disconnect the tube
from the cover.
246
Maintenance and specifications
2. Loosen the clamp that secures
the air filter cover to the air filter
housing and carefully separate the
cover from housing.
3. Remove the air filter element
from the air filter housing.
4. Install a new air filter element. Be careful not to crimp the filter
element edges between the air filter housing and cover. This could cause
filter damage and allow unmetered air to enter the engine if not properly
seated.
5. Replace the air filter cover and secure the clamp.
6. Replace the air inlet tube and secure the clamp.
247
Maintenance and specifications
INFORMATION ABOUT UNIFORM TIRE QUALITY GRADING
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have a rating on them called
Tire Quality Grades. The Quality
grades can be found where
applicable on the tire sidewall
between tread shoulder and
maximum section width. For
example:
• Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
These Tire Quality Grades are determined by standards that the United
States Department of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passenger
cars. They do not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction AA A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. The
grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
248
Maintenance and specifications
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on
straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include
acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km (3
miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the
Certification Label. Tire pressure information can also be found on the
Tire Information label located on the inside of the fuel filler door.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
249
Maintenance and specifications
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the scheduled maintenance guide. If you notice that
the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
• Four tire rotation
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
When replacing full size tires, never mix radial bias-belted, or
bias-type tires. Use only the tire sizes that are listed on the
Certification Label. Make sure that all tires are the same size, speed
rating, and load-carrying capacity. Use only the tire combinations
recommended on the label. If you do not follow these precautions,
your vehicle may not drive properly and safely.
Make sure that all replacement tires are of the same size, type,
load-carrying capacity and tread design (e.g., “All Terrain”, etc.),
as originally offered by Ford.
250
Maintenance and specifications
Do not replace your tires with “high performance” tires or larger
size tires.
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier for the driver to lose
control and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow
tires and chains.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:
• Use only cable type chains offered by Ford as an accessory or
equivalent. SAE class “S” or other conventional link type chains may
contact and cause damage to the vehicle’s wheel house and/or body.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your
vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove
the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use
tire chains on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when
using snow tires and chains.
• Do not exceed 48 km/h (30 mph) with tire chains on your vehicle.
251
Maintenance and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
Air filter element
Battery (standard)
Fuel filter
Oil filter
PCV valve
Spark plugs*
5.4L 4V V8 engine
FA-1634
BXT-65-650
FG-986B
FL-820-S
EV-233
AWSF-32P
* Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for spark
plug gap information.
252
Maintenance and specifications
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Ford Part
Name
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Motorcraft SAE
5W-20 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
N/A
Brake fluid
Engine oil
(includes filter
change)
Fuel tank
Power steering
fluid
Transmission
fluid 1
Transfer case
fluid
Engine coolant
Front axle
lubricant
Rear axle
lubricant 4
3
Application
Capacity
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
All
5.7L
(6.0 quarts)
All
113.6L
(30 gallons)
Motorcraft
All
Fill to line on
MERCON t ATF
reservoir
Motorcraft
4 x 2 vehicles
15.0L
MERCONtATF
(15.9 quarts) 2
4 x 4 vehicles
15.5L
(16.4 quarts) 2
Motorcraft
4 x 4 vehicles
1.9L
MERCONtATF
(2.0 quarts)
Motorcraft
without aux rear 24.1L
Premium Engine heat
(25.5 quarts)
Coolant
(green-colored)
or Motorcraft
with aux rear
26.4L
Premium Gold
heat
(27.9 quarts)
Engine Coolant
(yellow-colored)
Motorcraft SAE 4 x 4 vehicles
1.8-2.0L
75W-90
(3.5-3.7 pints)
Premium 4x4
Front Axle
Lubricant
Motorcraft SAE All
2.9-3.1L
75W-140
(5.5-5.8 pints)
Synthetic Rear
Axle Lubricant
253
Maintenance and specifications
Fluid
Windshield
washer fluid
1
Ford Part
Name
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Application
Capacity
All
4.1L
(4.5 quarts)
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. Check the container to verify the fluid being added is of the
correct type. Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide to determine
the correct service interval.
Some transmission fluids may be labeled as dual usage, such as
MERCONt and MERCONt V. These dual usage fluids are not to be used
in an automatic transmission that requires use of the MERCONt type
fluid. However, these dual usage fluids may be used in transmissions that
require the MERCONt V type fluid.
MERCONt and MERCONt V type fluids are not interchangeable.
DO NOT mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Use of a transmission
fluid that indicates dual usage (MERCONt and MERCONt V) in
an automatic transmission application requiring MERCONt may
cause transmission damage. Use of any fluid other than the
recommended fluid may cause transmission damage.
2
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may vary
based on cooler size and if equipped with an in-tank cooler. The amount
of transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the indication on
the dipstick’s normal operating range.
3
Add the coolant type originally equipped in your vehicle.
4
Your vehicle’s rear axle is filled with a synthetic rear axle lubricant and
is considered lubricated for life. These lubricants are not to be checked
or changed unless a leak is suspected, service is required or the axle has
been submerged in water. The axle lubricant should be changed any time
the axle has been submerged in water. Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of Additive
Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546–A or equivalent meeting Ford
specification EST-M2C118–A for complete refill of Traction-Lok axles.
Service refill capacities are determined by filling the rear axle 6 mm to
14 mm (1/4 inch to 9/16 inch) below the bottom of the filler hole.
254
Maintenance and specifications
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Ford part
name
Multi-Purpose
Grease
Hinges, latches,
striker plates
and rotors, seat
tracks, fuel filler
door hinge and
spring
Lock cylinders
Penetrating and
Lock Lubricant
Brake fluid
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Driveshaft, slip Premium Long
Life Grease
spline, double
Cardan joint
center ball
Engine coolant
Motorcraft
Premium Engine
Coolant
(green-colored)
Motorcraft
Premium Gold
Engin Coolant
(yellow-colored)
Engine oil
Motorcraft SAE
5W-20 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
Ford part
number
DOAZ-19584-AA
or
F5AZ-19G209-AA
Ford
specification
ESB-M1C93-B or
ESR-M1C159-A
Motorcraft XL-1
ESB-M2C75-B
C6AZ-19542-AB
ESA-M6C25-A
and DOT 3
XG-1-C or
XG-1-K
ESA-M1C75–B
VC-4–A (US) or
CXC-10
(Canada)
ESE-M97B44-A
VC-7–A
WSS-M97B51-A1
XO-5W-20-QSP
WSS-M2C153-H
with API
Certification
Mark
255
Maintenance and specifications
Ford part
Ford part
name
number
4x4 front wheel High
E8TZ-19590-A
bearings, 4x4
Temperature
spindle needle
4x4 Front Axle
bearings, spindle & Wheel Bearing
thrust bearings Grease
& front drive
axle u-joint/slip
spline
Motorcraft
XT-2-QDX
Automatic
MERCONt ATF
transmission 1
Power steering Motorcraft
XT-2-QDX
fluid
MERCONt ATF
Rear axle 2
Motorcraft SAE F1TZ-19580-B
75W-140 High
Performance
Synthetic Rear
Axle Lube
Front axle
Motorcraft SAE XY-75W90-TQL
(4X4)
75W-90
Premium 4x4
Front Axle
Lubricant
Transfer case
Motorcraft
XT-2-QDX
(4X4)
MERCONt ATF
Windshield
Ultra-clear
C9AZ-19550-AC
washer fluid
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Item
1
Ford
specification
ESA-M1C198-A
MERCONt
MERCONt
WSL-M2C192-A
WSP-M2C201-A
MERCONt
ESR-M17P5-A
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. Check the container to verify the fluid being added is of the
correct type. Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide to determine
the correct service interval.
256
Maintenance and specifications
Some transmission fluids may be labeled as dual usage, such as
MERCONt and MERCONt V. These dual usage fluids are not to be used
in an automatic transmission that requires use of the MERCONt type
fluid. However, these dual usage fluids may be used in transmissions that
require the MERCONt V type fluid.
MERCONt and MERCONt V type fluids are not interchangeable.
DO NOT mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Use of a transmission
fluid that indicates dual usage (MERCONt and MERCONt V) in
an automatic transmission application requiring MERCONt may
cause transmission damage. Use of any fluid other than the
recommended fluid may cause transmission damage.
2
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or
equivalent meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118-A for complete refill
of Ford Traction-Lok rear axles.
ENGINE DATA
Engine
Cubic inches
Required fuel
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression ratio
5.4L 4V V8 engine
330
91 octane
1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8
1.3-1.4 mm (0.052-0.056 inch)
Coil on plug
9.5:1
257
Maintenance and specifications
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Vehicle dimensions 4x2 mm (in)
(1) Overall length
5 202.0
(204.8)
(2) Vehicle width
2 027.0
(79.8)1
2
(3) Overall height
1 907.0
(75.1)
(4) Wheelbase
3 026.0
(119.1)
(5) Track - Front
1 661.0
(65.4)
(5) Track - Rear
1 663.0
(65.5)
1
2
4x4 mm (in)
5 202.0
(204.8)
2 027.0
(79.8)1
1 940.0
(76.4)
3 022.0
(119.0)
1 661.0
(65.4)
1 663.0
(65.5)
Vehicle width, including mirrors: 2 293.0 mm (90.3 in)
Vehicle equipped with 16” tires and base suspension
258
Maintenance and specifications
4
1
3
5
2
259
Maintenance and specifications
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Certification label
The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration Regulations require
that a Certification label be affixed
to a vehicle and prescribe where the
Certification label may be located.
The Certification label is located on
the front door latch pillar on the
driver’s side.
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is
attached to a metal tag and is
located on the driver side
instrument panel. (Please note that
in the graphic XXXX is
representative of your vehicle
identification number.)
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the vehicle identification
number) is stamped on the engine block and transmission.
260
Accessories
FORD ACCESSORIES FOR YOUR VEHICLE
A wide selection of genuine Ford accessories are available for your
vehicle through your local authorized Ford, Lincoln, Mercury or Ford of
Canada dealer. These quality accessories have been specifically
engineered to fulfill your automotive needs; they are custom designed to
complement the style and aerodynamic appearance of your vehicle. In
addition, each accessory is made from high quality materials and meets
or exceeds Ford’s rigorous engineering and safety specifications. Ford
Motor Company will repair or replace any properly dealer-installed Ford
accessory found to be defective in factory-supplied materials or
workmanship during the warranty period, as well as any component
damaged by the defective accessory. The accessory will be warranted for
whichever provides you the greatest benefit:
• 12 months or 20 000 km (12 000 miles) (whichever occurs first), or
• The remainder of your new vehicle limited warranty.
This means that genuine Ford accessories purchased along with your
new vehicle and installed by the dealer are covered for the full length of
your New Vehicle’s Limited Warranty — 3 years or 60 000 km (36 000
miles) (whichever occurs first). Contact your dealer for details and a
copy of the warranty.
Not all accessories are available for all models.
Vehicle Security
Styled wheel protector locks
Vehicle security systems
Comfort and convenience
Battery warmer
Cabin air filter
Cargo nets
Cargo organizer
Cargo storage box
Cargo tray
Engine block heater
Tire step
261
Accessories
Travel equipment
Daytime running lights (DRL)
Heavy-duty battery
Raised cross bars
Raised cross bar adaptors
Rear mount bike rack
Seatback organizer
Soft luggage carrier
Towing mirrors (removable and permanent)
Trailer hitch bars and balls
Trailer hitch mounted bike carrier
Trailer hitch wiring adaptor
Protection and appearance equipment
Air bag anti-theft locks
Bike carrier
Cargo liners, interior
Carpet floor mats
Door edge guards
Flat splash guards
Front end covers (full)
Hood deflector
Instrument panel trim (woodgrain)
Kayak/canoe carrier
Load warrior carrier basket
Locking gas cap
Luggage basket
Molded splash guards
Molded vinyl floor mats
Moonroof deflector
Rear air deflectors
262
Accessories
Side window air deflectors
Ski/snowboard adaptor
Snow traction cables
Truck cover
Underbody security lighting
Universal floor mats
Wheels
For maximum vehicle performance, keep the following information in
mind when adding accessories or equipment to your vehicle:
• When adding accessories, equipment, passengers and luggage to your
vehicle, do not exceed the total weight capacity of the vehicle or of
the front or rear axle (GVWR or GAWR as indicated on the Safety
compliance certification label). Consult your dealer for specific weight
information.
• The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Canadian Radio
Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) regulate the use of mobile
communications systems - such as two-way radios, telephones and
theft alarms - that are equipped with radio transmitters. Any such
equipment installed in your vehicle should comply with FCC or CRTC
regulations and should be installed only by a qualified service
technician.
• Mobile communications systems may harm the operation of your
vehicle, particularly if they are not properly designed for automotive
use or are not properly installed. When operated, such systems may
cause the engine to stumble or stall or cause the transmission to be
damaged or operate improperly. In addition, such systems may be
damaged or their performance may be affected by operating your
vehicle. (Citizens band [CB] transceivers, garage door openers and
other transmitters with outputs of five watts or less will not ordinarily
affect your vehicle’s operation.)
• Ford cannot assume responsibility for any adverse effects or damage
that may result from the use of such equipment.
263
Index
A
Accessory delay ..........................67
Air bag supplemental
restraint system ........124–125, 129
and child safety seats ............127
description ......................125, 129
disposal ....................................132
driver air bag ..................127, 130
indicator light ...........12, 129, 131
operation .........................127, 130
passenger air bag ...........127, 130
side air bag ..............................129
Air cleaner filter ...............246, 252
Air conditioning ..........................37
auxiliary heater and air
conditioner ................................43
rear seat controls .....................42
Air suspension ...........................150
description ..............................150
warning light .............................12
Ambulance packages ....................7
Antifreeze
(see Engine coolant) ................225
Anti-lock brake system
(see Brakes) ..............................147
Anti-theft system
warning light .............................13
Automatic transmission
driving an automatic
overdrive .................................154
fluid, adding ............................244
fluid, checking ........................244
fluid, refill capacities ..............253
fluid, specification ..................257
Auxiliary power point .................65
264
Axle
lubricant specifications ..255, 257
refill capacities ........................253
traction lok ..............................152
B
Battery .......................................223
acid, treating emergencies .....223
charging system
warning light .............................12
jumping a disabled battery ....194
maintenance-free ....................223
replacement, specifications ...252
servicing ..................................223
voltage gauge ............................16
Belt minder ...............................120
Brakes ........................................146
anti-lock ...................................147
anti-lock brake system
(ABS) warning light .........11, 148
brake warning light ..................11
fluid, checking and adding ....243
fluid, refill capacities ..............253
fluid, specifications .........255, 257
lubricant specifications ..255, 257
parking ....................................148
pedals (see Power
adjustable foot pedals) ............70
shift interlock ..........................153
Break-in period .............................5
C
Capacities for refilling fluids ....253
Cassette tape player ...................18
CD changer .................................32
Cellular telephone (see your
Cellular Phone Guide) ................82
Index
Certification Label ....................260
Child safety restraints ..............132
child safety belts ....................132
Child safety seats ......................134
attaching with tether straps ..139
in front seat ............................135
in rear seat ......................135, 138
Cleaning your vehicle
engine compartment ..............211
exterior ....................................215
instrument cluster lens ..........214
instrument panel ....................213
interior .............................214–215
plastic parts ............................212
safety belts ..............................215
washing ....................................210
waxing .....................................210
wheels ......................................211
windows ..................................215
wiper blades ............................213
woodtone trim ........................215
Clock ......................................23, 65
Compass, electronic ..............62, 68
calibration .................................63
set zone adjustment .................63
Console ........................................82
overhead ........................60–61, 64
rear ............................................83
Controls
power seat .................................99
steering column ........................75
Coolant
checking and adding ..............225
refill capacities ................229, 253
specifications ..................255, 257
Cruise control
(see Speed control) ....................71
Customer Assistance ................177
Ford accessories
for your vehicle ......................216
Ford Extended
Service Plan ............................202
Getting assistance outside
the U.S. and Canada ..............206
Getting roadside assistance ...177
Getting the
service you need ....................200
Ordering additional
owner’s literature ...................207
The Dispute
Settlement Board ...................203
Utilizing the Mediation/
Arbitration Program ...............206
D
Daytime running lamps
(see Lamps) ................................48
Defrost
rear window ..............................46
Dipstick
automatic
transmission fluid ...................244
engine oil .................................220
Doors
door ajar warning .....................13
lubricant specifications ..........255
Driveline universal joint
and slip yoke .............................246
Driving under special
conditions ..........................163, 166
sand .........................................164
snow and ice ...........................167
through water .................165, 169
265
Index
E
Emergencies, roadside
jump-starting ..........................194
Emission control system ..........240
Engine ................................257–258
check engine/
service engine soon light .........10
cleaning ...................................211
coolant .....................................225
fail-safe coolant ......................230
idle speed control ...................223
lubrication
specifications ..................255, 257
refill capacities ........................253
service points ..........................219
starting after a collision .........178
Engine block heater .................145
Engine oil ..................................220
change oil soon warning,
message center .......................220
checking and adding ..............220
dipstick ....................................220
filter, specifications ........222, 252
recommendations ...................222
refill capacities ........................253
specifications ..................255, 257
Exhaust fumes ..........................146
F
Fail safe cooling ........................230
Floor mats ...................................83
Fluid capacities .........................253
Foglamps .....................................47
Four-Wheel Drive
vehicles ................................14, 159
control trac .............................160
266
description ..............................160
driving off road .......................162
electronic shift ........................161
indicator light ...........................14
preparing to
drive your vehicle ...................152
Fuel ............................................232
calculating fuel economy .......237
cap ...........................................234
capacity ...................................253
choosing the right fuel ...........235
comparisons with EPA fuel
economy estimates .................240
detergent in fuel .....................236
filling your vehicle
with fuel ..................232, 234, 237
filter, specifications ........237, 252
fuel pump shut-off switch .....178
gauge .........................................16
improving fuel economy ........237
low fuel warning light ..............12
octane rating ...........235, 257–258
quality ......................................235
running out of fuel .................236
safety information relating
to automotive fuels ................232
Fuses ..................................180–181
G
Garage door opener ..............61, 76
Gas cap (see Fuel cap) ............234
Gas mileage
(see Fuel economy) .................237
Gauges .........................................15
battery voltage gauge ...............16
engine coolant
temperature gauge ...................15
engine oil pressure gauge ........16
fuel gauge ..................................16
Index
odometer ...................................17
speedometer .............................17
tachometer ................................17
trip odometer ............................17
GAWR
(Gross Axle Weight Rating) .....170
calculating ...............................172
definition .................................170
driving with a heavy load ......170
location ....................................170
GVWR (Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating) .............170
calculating .......................170, 172
definition .................................170
driving with a heavy load ......170
location ....................................170
H
Hazard flashers .........................178
Head restraints ...................99, 104
Headlamps ...................................47
aiming ..................................49–50
autolamp system .......................47
bulb specifications ....................52
daytime running lights .............48
flash to pass ..............................48
high beam ...........................13, 48
replacing bulbs .........................53
turning on and off ....................47
warning chime ..........................14
Heating ........................................37
HomeLink universal
transceiver (see
Garage door opener) ............76–79
Hood ..........................................218
I
Ignition .......................142, 257–258
Infant seats
(see Safety seats) .....................134
Inspection/
maintenance (I/M) testing .......241
Instrument panel
cleaning ...................................213
cluster ................................10, 214
lighting up
panel and interior .....................48
J
Jack ............................................188
positioning ...............................188
storage .....................................188
Jump-starting your vehicle ......194
K
Keyless entry system
autolock .....................................92
locking and unlocking doors ....94
programming entry code .........93
Keys .......................................95–97
key in ignition chime ...............14
positions of the ignition .........142
L
Lamps
autolamp system .......................47
bulb replacement
specifications chart ..................52
cargo lamps ...............................48
daytime running light ...............48
fog lamps ...................................47
headlamps .................................47
267
Index
headlamps, flash to pass ..........48
instrument panel, dimming .....48
interior lamps .....................51, 53
replacing bulbs ...................52–57
Lane change indicator
(see Turn signal) ........................51
Liftgate ........................................83
Lights, warning and indicator ....10
air bag ........................................12
air suspension .........................152
anti-lock brakes (ABS) ....11, 148
anti-theft ...................................13
brake ..........................................11
charging system ........................12
check coolant ............................13
door ajar ....................................13
engine oil pressure ...................13
high beam .................................13
low fuel ......................................12
low washer fluid .......................12
safety belt .................................11
service engine soon ..................10
turn signal indicator .................13
Load limits .................................170
GAWR ......................................170
GVWR ......................................170
trailer towing ..........................170
Loading instructions .................171
Locks
autolock .....................................92
childproof ..................................85
doors ..........................................85
Lubricant specifications ...255, 257
Lumbar support, seats ...............99
M
Message center .....................62, 80
english/metric button ...............80
268
menu button .............................80
Mirrors .........................................60
automatic dimming
rearview mirror .........................68
fold away ...................................70
heated ........................................69
programmable memory ............91
side view mirrors
(power) ...............................68, 70
Moon roof ....................................62
Motorcraft parts ................237, 252
N
Navigation system .......................82
O
Octane rating ............................235
Odometer .....................................17
Oil (see Engine oil) ..................220
Overdrive .....................................81
P
Panic alarm feature, remote
entry system ................................88
Parking brake ............................148
Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ....252
Pedals (see Power
adjustable foot pedals) ...............70
Power distribution box
(see Fuses) ...............................184
Power door locks ..................85, 92
Power steering ..........................150
fluid, checking and adding ....242
fluid, refill capacity ................253
Index
fluid, specifications .........255, 257
Preparing to
drive your vehicle .....................152
R
Rear window defroster ...............46
Relays ................................180, 188
Remote entry system ...........86, 88
illuminated entry ......................90
locking/unlocking doors .....85–87
panic alarm ...............................88
replacement/additional
transmitters ...............................89
replacing the batteries .............88
Reverse sensing system ...........157
Roof rack .....................................84
S
Safety belts
(see Safety restraints) ...............14
112–113, 115–116, 118
Safety defects, reporting ..........209
Safety
restraints ...........112–113, 115–118
belt minder .............................120
cleaning the
safety belts ......................123, 215
extension assembly ................123
for adults .................113, 115–116
for children .............................132
lap belt ....................................118
warning light
and chime ............11, 14, 119–120
Safety seats for children ..........134
Seat belts
(see Safety restraints) .............112
Seats ............................................99
child safety seats ....................134
cleaning ...................................214
climate control ........................102
memory seat .....................91, 101
SecuriLock passive
anti-theft system ...................95–97
Servicing your vehicle ..............217
Snowplowing .................................7
Spark plugs,
specifications .............252, 257–258
Special notice
ambulance conversions ..............7
utility-type vehicles ....................7
Specification chart,
lubricants ...........................255, 257
Speed control ..............................71
Speedometer ...............................17
Starting your vehicle .......142–143,
145
jump starting ..........................194
Steering
speed sensitive .......................150
Steering wheel
controls ..........................60, 71, 75
tilting .........................................60
T
Tachometer .................................17
Tires ...........................188, 248–249
changing ..........................188, 190
checking the pressure ............249
replacing ..................................250
rotating ....................................250
snow tires and chains ............251
tire grades ...............................249
269
Index
treadwear ................................248
Towing .......................................172
recreational towing .................176
trailer towing ..........................172
wrecker ....................................199
Traction-lok rear axle ...............152
Transmission .............................153
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) .............................244
fluid, refill capacities ..............253
lubricant specifications ..255, 257
Trip odometer .............................17
Turn signal ............................13, 51
V
Vehicle dimensions ...................258
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) ..........................................260
Vehicle loading ..........................170
270
Ventilating your vehicle ...........146
W
Warning chimes ...........................14
Warning lights (see Lights) .......10
Washer fluid ..............................220
Water, Driving through .............169
Windows
power .........................................66
rear wiper/washer .....................58
Windshield washer fluid and
wipers
checking and adding fluid .....220
checking and cleaning ..............59
liftgate reservoir .....................220
operation ...................................58
replacing wiper blades .............59
Wrecker towing .........................199
271
272
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