Contents
Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
4
Controls and features
16
Seating and safety restraints
82
Starting and driving
Starting
108
Driving
112
Roadside emergencies
134
Servicing
Maintenance and care
154
Capacities and specifications
198
Customer assistance
205
Reporting safety defects
217
Index
218
All rights reserved. Reproduction by any means, electronic or mechanical
including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval
system or translation in whole or part is not permitted without written
authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Copyright r 1998 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
ICONS
Indicates a safety alert. Read the
following section on Warnings.
Indicates vehicle information related
to recycling and other
environmental concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the
authorized disposal of waste
cleaning and lubrication materials are significant steps towards
protecting the environment.
Indicates a message regarding child
safety restraints. Refer to Seating
and safety restraints for more
information.
Indicates that this Owner Guide
contains information on this subject.
Please refer to the Index to locate
the appropriate section which will
provide you more information.
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the risk of personal
injury and prevent possible damage to others, your vehicle and its
equipment.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your vehicle. During the
first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
necessary to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
If possible, you should avoid full use of the brakes for the first 1 600 km
(1 000 miles).
2
Introduction
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at the time of printing.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring
obligation.
SPECIAL NOTICES
Using your vehicle as a snowplow
Do not use this vehicle for snowplowing.
Using your vehicle as an ambulance
Do not use this vehicle as an ambulance.
Your vehicle is not equipped with the Ford Ambulance Preparation
package.
Notice to owners of utility type vehicles
Before you drive your vehicle, please read this Owner’s Guide carefully.
Your vehicle is not a passenger car. As with other vehicles of this type,
failure to operate this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control or an
accident.
Be sure to read Driving off road in the Driving chapter as well as the
“Four Wheeling” supplement included with 4WD and utility type vehicles.
3
Instrumentation
Gearshift
(includes
overdrive button)
(pg. 117)
Instrument
cluster
(pg. 6)
Turn signal and
wiper/washer
control
(pg. 54)
Headlamp
control
(pg. 16)
LOW
FUEL
40
F
H
E
20
DOOR
AJAR
BRAKE
!
18
- +
H
10
40
60
80
100
70
3
000000
120
80
140
90
20
160
MPH
8
50
60
30
0
0
P R N
0
0
km/h
2
4
THEFT
NAVIGATOR
5
1
100
21
6
RPMx1000
CHECK
ENGINE
ABS
FUEL
RESET
CHECK
SUSP
LOW
RANGE
4X4
INT 2
INT 1
OFF
P
PULL
FOR
FOG
PANEL
DIM
RESUME
MEM
SET ACCEL
BAND
COAST
OFF
ON
TEMP
VOL
FAN
Rear window
defroster control
(pg. 18)
HOOD
Instrument panel
dimmer switch
(pg. 17)
4
Parking brake
release
(pg. 111)
Speed control
(pg. 48)
Hood release
(pg. 154)
Driver side air
bag
(pg. 93)
Instrumentation
Electronic sound
system
(pg. 20)
Clock
(pg. 19)
H
M
VOL-PUSH ON
FM 1
AM
FM
OVERDRIVE
ST
BAL
BASS TREB
FADE AUTO
SET
OFF
SEEK
SCAN
TUNE
DOLBY 8 NR
EJ
TAPE CD
DISCS
REW
1
FF
2
SIDE 1-2
3
COMP
5
4
SHUFFLE
6
OFF
MAX A/C
A4WD
2H
VENT
HI
AUTOMATIC
OUTSIDE TEMP
PNL FLR
FLOOR
FLR DEF
DEF
LO
4H
4L
Radio controls
(pg. 20)
4WD control
(pg. 18)
Auxiliary
power point
(pg. 18)
Climate
control system
(pg. 38)
Climate controls
(pg. 18)
5
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
DOOR
AJAR
H
60
40
L
80
00
F
E
H
NAVIGATOR
4X4
20
L
40
20
LOW
FUEL
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
THEFT
LOW
RANGE
60
MPH
H
RPMX1000
km/h
D 2
P RN D
SELECT
RESET
BRAKE
CK
SUSP
C
Low fuel
Illuminates as an early reminder of a
low fuel condition indicated on the
fuel gauge. The light comes on when
there is approximately 1/16th of a
tank indicated on the fuel gauge
(refer to Fuel Gauge in this chapter for more information). The ignition
must be in the ON position for this lamp to illuminate. The lamp will also
illuminate for several seconds after the ignition is turned to the ON
position regardless of the fuel level.
LOW
FUEL
Service engine soon
Your vehicle is equipped with a
SERVICE
computer that monitors the engine’s
ENGINE
emission control system. This
SOON
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System (OBD
II). This OBD II system protects the
environment by ensuring that your vehicle continues to meet
government emission standards. The OBD II system also assists the
service technician in properly servicing your vehicle.
The Service Engine Soon indicator light illuminates when the ignition is
first turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If it comes on after the
engine is started, one of the engine’s emission control systems may be
malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without a driveability concern
being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
6
Instrumentation
What you should do if the Service Engine Soon light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Service Engine Soon light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run
poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with good quality fuel and/or properly installing and securely tightening
the gas cap. After three driving cycles without these or any other
temporary malfunctions present, the Service Engine Soon light should
turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold engine startup followed by
mixed city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle service is required.
If the Service Engine Soon light remains on, have your vehicle serviced
at the first available opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
Air bag readiness
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to flash
or remains on, have the system
serviced immediately.
7
Instrumentation
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
to remind you to fasten your safety
belts. For more information, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
BRAKE
and the engine is off. If the brake
!
warning lamp does not illuminate at
this time, seek service immediately.
Also illuminates when the parking brake is engaged. Illumination after
releasing the parking brake indicates low brake fluid level and the brake
system should be inspected immediately.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
ABS
and the engine is off. If the light
remains on, continues to flash or
fails to illuminate, have the system
serviced immediately. With the ABS light on, the anti-lock brake system
is disabled and normal braking is still effective unless the brake warning
light also remains illuminated with parking brake released.
Turn signal
Illuminates when the left or right
turn signal or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or both of the
indicators stay on continuously or
flash faster, check for a burned-out
turn signal bulb. Refer to Exterior bulbs in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
8
Instrumentation
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
SecuriLockY anti-theft system
This light indicates the anti-theft
alarm system is armed. Momentarily
THEFT
illuminates when the ignition is
turned to ON/START. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to flash
or remains on, have the system serviced. Refer to SecuriLocky passive
anti-theft system in the Controls and features chapter.
Charging system
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to the ON position and the
engine is off. The light also
illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring
electrical system service.
Oil pressure/Engine coolant
This light will come on when the
key is in the ON position and the:
• engine coolant temperature is
very high
• engine oil pressure is low
The light serves as a notice that a system needs your attention and to
check the engine coolant temperature gauge and the engine oil pressure
gauge.
Refer to Engine coolant temperature gauge and Engine oil pressure
gauge in this chapter for more information.
9
Instrumentation
Four wheel drive low (if equipped)
This light momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to ON.
Illuminates when four-wheel drive
low is engaged. If the light continues
to flash have the system serviced.
Four wheel drive indicator (if equipped)
This light momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to ON.
Illuminates when 4x4 range is
engaged.
LOW
RANGE
4x4
Check air suspension
Illuminates momentarily when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
and the engine is OFF. The light
also illuminates when the air
suspension system requires
servicing.
For information on the air suspension system, refer to the Driving
chapter.
CK
SUSP
Low washer fluid
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to ON and when the
windshield washer fluid is low.
Door ajar
Illuminates when the ignition is in
the ON or START position and any
door is open.
Safety belt warning chime
Chimes to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
10
DOOR
AJAR
Instrumentation
For information on the safety belt warning chime, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to the Seating and
safety restraints chapter.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACC
position and the driver’s door is opened.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the ignition is off
(and the key is not in the ignition) and the driver’s door is opened.
GAUGES
DOOR
AJAR
H
60
40
L
80
00
F
E
H
NAVIGATOR
4X4
20
L
40
20
LOW
FUEL
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
THEFT
LOW
RANGE
60
MPH
H
RPMX1000
km/h
D 2
P RN D
SELECT
RESET
CK
SUSP
C
BRAKE
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much
fuel is in the fuel tank (when the
key is in the ON position). The fuel
gauge may vary slightly when the
vehicle is in motion. The ignition
should be in the OFF position while
the vehicle is being refueled. When
the gauge first indicates empty,
there is a small amount of reserve
FUEL DOOR
fuel in the tank. When refueling the
vehicle from empty indication, the amount of fuel that can be added will
be less than the advertised capacity due to the reserve fuel.
F
E
11
Instrumentation
A minimum of six gallons must be added or removed from the fuel tank
in order for the gauge to instantaneously update. If less than six gallons
is the change, the gauge will take between five to ten minutes to update.
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
60
80
00
20
40
40
20
60
MPH
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the
engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains
within the normal area (the area
between the “H” and “C”). If it
enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as
soon as safely possible, switch off
the engine immediately and let the
engine cool. Refer to Engine
coolant in the Maintenance and
care chapter.
km/h
H
C
Never remove the coolant
reservoir cap while the
engine is running or hot.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level the gauge indication
will not be accurate. If the gauge enters the red section, the oil
pressure/engine coolant and Check Engine/Service Engine Soon
indicators illuminate, refer to What you should know about fail-safe
cooling in the Maintenance and care chapter.
12
Instrumentation
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers
(miles) of the vehicle.
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. Press the reset
button until a “T” appears in the
display (this represents the trip
mode). Press and hold the button
for 2.5 seconds to reset.
D 2
P RN D
Tachometer
Indicates the engine speed in
revolutions per minute.
Driving with your tachometer
pointer continuously at the top of
the scale may damage the engine.
SELECT
RESET
NAVIGATOR
RPMX1000
Battery voltage gauge
This gauge shows the battery
voltage when the ignition is in the
ON position. If the pointer moves
and stays outside the normal
operating range (as indicated), have
the vehicle’s electrical system
checked as soon as possible.
H
L
13
Instrumentation
Engine oil pressure gauge
This shows the engine oil pressure
in the system. Sufficient pressure
exists as long as the needle remains
in the normal range (the area
between the “L” and “H”).
H
If the gauge indicates low pressure,
stop the vehicle as soon as safely
possible and switch off the engine
L
immediately. Check the oil level.
Add oil if needed (refer to Engine
oil in the Maintenance and care
chapter). If the oil level is correct, have your vehicle checked at your
dealership or by a qualified technician.
TRIP COMPUTER
The trip computer tells you about the condition of your vehicle through
a constant monitor of vehicle systems. You may select display features on
the trip computer for a display of status.
The appearance of your vehicle’s trip computer may differ depending on
your vehicle’s option package, but the functions are the same.
The trip computer only works when the ignition is in the ON position.
Trip computer features follow:
Selectable features
English/metric display
Press this control to change the trip
computer display from metric to
English units. Press again to change
from English to metric units.
MODE
E/M
RESET
MILES
TO EMPTY
14
Instrumentation
Mode control
Each press of the MODE control will
display a different feature as follows:
MODE
E/M
Compass display. Refer to
RESET
Electronic compass in the Controls
and features chapter for more
MILES
information.
TO EMPTY
Fuel range. This displays the
approximate number of kilometers
(miles) left to drive before the fuel
tank is empty. The indicated distance to empty may be inaccurate:
• with sustained, drastic changes in fuel economy (such as trailer
towing), but will eventually recover.
• if the vehicle is started while parked on an incline.
• if less than 27 liters (6 gallons) of fuel is added to the fuel tank.
The fuel range function will flash for 5 seconds when you have
approximately the following distance you can drive before the fuel tank
is empty:
• 80 km (50 miles)
• 40 km (25 miles)
• 16 km (10 miles)
Average fuel economy. The display will indicate the vehicle’s average
fuel economy in liters/100 km (or miles/gallon) since last reset.
• To reset the average fuel
economy:
1. Press the MODE control
repeatedly until AVG F/ECON is
E/M
MODE
displayed (no other display is
resettable).
2. Press the E/M and MODE
controls simultaneously.
RESET
MILES
TO EMPTY
15
Controls and features
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp control to the
first position to turn on the parking
lamps. Rotate to the second position
to also turn on the headlamps.
P
PULL
FOR
FOG
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the headlamps on with a reduced output. To activate:
• the engine must be running and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking lamps position.
Always remember to turn on your headlamps at dusk or during
inclement weather. The Daytime Running Light (DRL) System
does not activate your tail lamps and generally may not provide
adequate lighting during these conditions. Failure to activate your
headlamps under these conditions may result in a collision.
Foglamp control (if equipped)
The headlamp control also operates
the foglamps. The foglamps can be
turned on only when the headlamp
position.
control is in the
Pull headlamp control towards you
to turn foglamps on. The foglamp
will illuminate.
indicator light
16
P
PULL
FOR
FOG
Controls and features
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel during headlamp
and parklamp operation.
• Rotate up to brighten.
• Rotate down to dim.
• Rotate to full down position to
turn off.
AUTOLAMP CONTROL
The autolamp system provides light
sensitive automatic on-off control of
the exterior lights normally
controlled by the headlamp control.
The autolamp system also keeps the
lights on for a preselected period of
time after the ignition switch is
turned to OFF.
• To turn autolamps on, rotate the
control up. The preselected time lapse is adjustable up to
approximately three minutes by continuing to rotate the control
upward.
• To turn autolamps off, rotate the control down until it clicks.
• Foglamps are not controlled by the autolamps. In order to turn on the
position and pull
foglamps, you must turn the lamp switch to the
toward you for fog.
POWER ADJUSTABLE FOOT PEDALS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press and hold the rocker control to
PEDALS
adjust accelerator and brake pedal.
• press the left side of the control
to adjust the pedals toward you
• press the right side of the control
to adjust the pedals away from you
The adjustment allows for approximately 76mm (3 inches) of maximum
travel.
17
Controls and features
Never adjust the accelerator and brake pedal with feet on pedals
or while the vehicle is moving.
REAR WINDOW DEFROSTER
The rear defroster control is located
on the instrument panel.
Press the rear defroster control to
clear the rear window of thin ice
and fog.
• The small LED will illuminate
when the rear defroster is
activated.
The ignition must be in the ON position to operate the rear window
defroster.
The defroster turns off automatically after 10 minutes or when the
ignition is turned to the OFF position. To manually turn off the defroster
before ten minutes have passed, push the control again.
4WD CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
This control operates the 4WD.
Refer to the Driving chapter for
more information.
AUXILIARY POWER POINT
The auxiliary power point is located
on the instrument panel.
Do not plug optional electrical
accessories into the cigarette lighter.
Use the power point.
18
A4WD
4H
4L
Controls and features
A second auxiliary power point is
located on the left rear side of the
console (behind the driver seat).
The power point is accessible from
the rear seats.
CLOCK
Press H to set the hour.
Press M to set the minute.
19
Controls and features
USING YOUR AUDIO SYSTEM
Premium AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Premium Sound
BASS
BAL
SEL
TREB
VOL
PUSH ON
CD
EJ
TAPE
AM
FM
TUNE
SEEK
MUTE
REW
FF
SIDE 1.2
1
2
3
FADE
RDS
SCAN
4
AUTO
COMP
SHUFF
5
6
Alpine Audio System with Premium AM/FM Stereo Cassette
(CD Changer Compatible)
BASS
BAL
SEL
TREB
VOL
PUSH ON
CD
TAPE
EJ
SEEK
MUTE
AM
20
FM
TUNE
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
RDS
SCAN
4
FADE
DSP
AUTO
COMP
SHUFF
5
6
Controls and features
Your vehicle is equipped with a delayed accessory feature. This feature
enables the audio playing media to continue playing up to 10 minutes
after the ignition has been turned off, or until a door is opened.
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
VOL
PUSH ON
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL
PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
Speed sensitive volume (if equipped)
With this feature, radio volume changes automatically and slightly with
vehicle speed to compensate for road and wind noise.
The recommended level for speed sensitive volume is from level 1
through level 3. Level 0 turns the speed sensitive volume off and level
7 is the maximum setting.
With the radio on, press and hold
the volume control for five seconds,
then press:
VOL
PUSH ON
21
Controls and features
•
to increase volume
compensation
•
to decrease or shut off the
volume compensation
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD modes (if
equipped).
SEL
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
AM/FM select in CD mode
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio or CD mode (if equipped).
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
TUNE
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the frequencies quickly.
• Press
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Tune adjust for CD changer
• Press
to select the previous
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
22
TUNE
Controls and features
disc unless the CD changer is in shuffle mode.) Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information. Hold the control to continue reversing
through the disc.
• Press
to select the next disc in the CD changer. Hold the control
to fast-forward through the remaining discs.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, tape or CD mode (if
equipped).
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
• Press
to find the next
listenable station up the frequency band.
SEEK
Seek function in tape mode
• Press
to listen to the previous selection on the tape or return to
the beginning of the current selection.
• Press
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
Seek function for CD changer
• Press
to seek to the previous
track of the current disc. If a
SEEK
selection has been playing for
three seconds or more and you
, the CD changer will replay that selection from the
press
beginning.
• Press
to seek forward to the next track of the current disc. After
the last track has been completed, the first track of the current disc
will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD mode (if equipped).
SCAN
23
Controls and features
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
Scan function in CD mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.). To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
REW
FF
SIDE 1.2
1
2
3
4
COMP
SHUFF
5
6
Autoset memory preset
Autoset allows you to set strong radio stations without losing your
original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful on trips
when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
24
Controls and features
Starting autoset memory preset
1. Select a frequency using the AM/FM select controls.
2. Press the AUTO control.
3. When the first six strong stations
AUTO
are filled, the station stored in
memory preset control 1 will start
playing.
If there are less than six strong stations available on the frequency band,
the remaining memory preset controls will all store the last strong
station available.
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the control again.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the BASS control. Use the
SEL control to increase or decrease
the amount of bass.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
Press the TREB control. Use the
SEL control to increase or decrease
the amount of treble.
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the BAL control. Use the SEL
control to adjust the sound between
the speakers.
BASS
SEL
TREB
BASS
SEL
TREB
BAL
SEL
FADE
25
Controls and features
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the FADE control. Use the
SEL control to adjust the sound
between the front and rear
speakers.
BAL
SEL
FADE
Tape/CD select
• To begin tape play (with a tape
loaded into the audio system)
CD
TAPE
while in the radio or CD mode,
press the TAPE control. Press the
button during rewind or fast forward to stop the rewind or fast
forward function.
• To begin CD play (if equipped
with CD DJ), ensure that the CDs
CD
TAPE
are loaded. Press the CD control.
The first track of the disc will
begin playing. After that, CD play will begin where it stopped last.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
REW
and CD modes.
1
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the
beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control for less than three seconds
results in slow rewind. Pressing the control for more than three
seconds results in fast rewind.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
tape and CD modes (if equipped).
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
26
FF
2
Controls and features
• In CD mode, pressing the control for less than three seconds results in
slow forward action. Pressing the control for more than three seconds
results in fast forward action.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
SIDE 1-2
3
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
EJ
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction operates
only in tape mode. Dolbyt reduces
the amount of hiss and static during
4
tape playback.
Press the
control to activate
(and deactivate) Dolbyt noise reduction.
The noise reduction system is manufactured under license from Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Compression feature
Compression adjust brings soft and
COMP
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
5
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
The effect of the feature varies with the music content.
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
mode and plays all tracks on the
current disc in random order. If
equipped with the CD changer, the
shuffle feature continues to the next
disc after all tracks are played.
SHUFF
6
27
Controls and features
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
Radio data system (RDS) feature
This feature allows your audio
system to receive station
DSP
RDS
identification or program type from
RDS-equipped RM radio stations.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) recommend FM radio
broadcasters to use RDS technology to transmit information. FM radio
stations are independently operated and individually elect to use RDS
technology to transmit station ID and program type as desired.
Press and hold the control for five seconds to turn the feature on or off.
Press the control to scroll through the following selections:
Traffic
• Press the RDS control until
TRAFFIC is displayed.
RDS
• Use the SEL control to select ON
or OFF. With the feature on, use
the SEEK or SCAN control to
find a radio station broadcasting a
traffic report (if it is broadcasting
RDS data).
Program type
• Press the RDS control until the
FIND program type is displayed.
• Use the SEL control to select the
program type. With the feature
on, use the SEEK or SCAN
control to find the desired
program type from the following
selections:
28
DSP
SEL
RDS
DSP
SEL
Controls and features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Classic
Country
Info
Jazz
Oldies
R&B
Religious
Rock
Soft
Top 40
Show
• With RDS activated, press the
RDS control until SHOW is
displayed.
RDS
DSP
• Use the SEL control to select
TYPE, NAME or NONE.
SEL
RDS clock feature
Refer to Setting the clock for information.
Mute mode
Press the control to mute the
playing media. Press the control
again to return to the playing media.
Digital signal processing (if equipped)
The digital signal processing (DSP)
feature allows you to change the
signal mode to suit your listening
tastes.
MUTE
RDS
DSP
29
Controls and features
These effects will change the sound quality and may need to be adjusted
based upon the program material to suit your listening needs.
Press the control to turn the feature on or off.
Use the SEL control to select the
desired signal mode (the selected
mode will appear in the display).
SEL
The following signal modes can be
selected:
• JAZZ CLUB—jazz club with
clearly reflected sounds.
• HALL—rectangular concert hall capacity of about 2 000
• CHURCH—church with a high vault.
• STADIUM—outdoor stadium with a capacity of about 30 000.
• NEWS—”voice-only” type of sound with a limited audio band.
Press the DSP control until one of
the following appears:
DSP
RDS
• ALL SEATS
• DRIVER SEAT
• REAR SEATS
Use the SELECT control to change
the equalization to the desired
mode.
SEL
30
Controls and features
Setting the clock with radio data system (RDS) feature
Press the RDS control until CLOCK
HOUR or CLOCK MINUTE is
DSP
RDS
displayed.
Use the SEL control to manually set
the time.
to increase
• Press
hours/minutes.
• Press
to decrease
hours/minutes.
SEL
Rear seat controls (if equipped)
The rear seat controls allow the
middle seat passengers to operate
the radio, tape, CD or CD changer
(if equipped).
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
To turn on the rear seat controls,
1
2
3
5
6
4
press the memory preset controls 3
will
and 5 at the same time. The
appear in the display.
Pressing 3 and 5 at the same time
again will turn the rear seat controls
off.
If there is a discrepancy between the rear seat and the front audio
controls, (such as both trying to listen to the same playing media), the
front audio system will receive the desired selection.
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
COMP
SHUFFLE
31
Controls and features
Adjusting the volume
Press the + control to increase
volume.
Press the - control to decrease
volume.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
From the rear seat controls, volume control can be set no higher than
the current radio setting unless the speakers are turned off. Refer to
Turning speakers on and off.
Turning the speakers on and off
Press to turn all speakers on or off.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
Using headphones
Plug a 3.5 mm headphone (not included) into the
speaker on/off control to operate the headphones.
32
jack. Press the
Controls and features
The rear speakers will cut out once the speaker on/off control is pressed.
The front speaker will remain playing for the front passengers. Press the
control again to deactivate the headphones.
Mode select
Push the MODE control to toggle
between AM, FM1, FM2, tape, CD or
CD changer (if equipped).
Memory preset control
Push the MEMORY control
successively to allow rear seat
passengers to scroll through the
6 memory presets in AM, FM1 or
FM2.
Push the MEMORY control in CD
changer mode (if equipped) to
advance to the next disc.
Seek function
• In radio mode, press
to find
the next listenable station down
the frequency band.
to find
• In radio mode, press
the next listenable station up the
frequency band.
• In tape mode, use the SEEK
function to access the next
or
previous
selection.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
33
Controls and features
• In CD mode (if equipped), use the SEEK function to access the next
or previous
selection.
CD changer (if equipped)
Your CD changer is located in the center console.
1. Slide the door to access the CD
changer magazine.
2. Press
to eject the magazine.
3. Turn the magazine (A) over.
4. Using the disc holder release
knob (C), pull the disc holder (B)
out of the magazine.
A
B
C
34
Controls and features
A
If you pull too hard on the disc holder, the disc holder may come
completely out of the magazine. If this happens, reinsert the disc holder
back into the magazine while pressing on the lever (A).
5. Line up the CD with the groove
of the disc holder. Ensure that the
label on the CD faces downwards.
6. Press in on the disc holder until it
locks securely into the magazine. If
the disc holders are not fully locked
into the magazine, the unit will not
operate.
Ensure that the disc holder is
evenly inserted and at the same
level as the magazine (A). The unit
will not operate if the disc holder is
not inserted at the same level (B).
A
B
Radio power must be turned on to play the CDs in the changer. The
magazine may be stored in the glove box when not being used.
35
Controls and features
The CD magazine may be inserted or ejected with the radio power off.
ONLY use the magazine supplied with the CD changer, other types will
damage the unit.
Troubleshooting the CD changer (if equipped)
The laser beam used in the compact disc player is harmful to the
eyes. Do not attempt to disassemble the case.
If sound skips:
• You may be traveling on a rough road, playing badly scratched discs or
the disc may be dirty. Skipping will not scratch the discs or damage
the player.
If your changer does not work, it may be that:
• A disc is already loaded where you want to insert a disc.
• The disc is inserted with the label surface downward.
• The disc is dusty or defective.
• The player’s internal temperature is above 60°C (140°F). Allow the
player to cool down before operating.
• A disc with format and dimensions not within industry standards is
inserted.
Cleaning compact discs
Inspect all discs for contamination before playing. If necessary, clean
discs only with an approved CD cleaner and wipe from the center out to
the edge. Do not use circular motion.
CD and CD changer care
• Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the playing surface.
• Do not expose discs to direct sunlight or heat sources for extended
periods of time.
• Do not insert more than one disc into each slot of the CD changer
magazine.
Cleaning cassette player (if equipped)
Clean the tape player head with a cassette cleaning cartridge after ten to
twelve hours of play in order to maintain the best sound and operation.
36
Controls and features
Cassette and cassette player care
• Use only cassettes that are 90 minutes long or less.
• Do not expose tapes to direct sunlight, high humidity, extreme heat or
extreme cold. Allow tapes that may have been exposed to extreme
temperatures to reach a moderate temperature before playing.
• Tighten very loose tapes by inserting a finger or pencil into the hole
and turning the hub.
• Remove loose labels before inserting tapes.
• Do not leave tapes in the cassette player for a long time when not
being played.
Radio frequency information
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Communications (CRTC) establish the
frequencies AM and FM stations may use for their broadcasts. Allowable
frequencies are:
AM 530, 540–1600, 1610 kHz
FM 87.9, 88.1–107.1, 107.9 MHz
Not all frequencies are used in a given area.
Radio reception factors
Three factors can affect radio reception:
• Distance/strength. The further an FM signal travels, the weaker it is.
The listenable range of the average FM station is approximately 40 km
(24 miles). This range can be affected by “signal modulation.” Signal
modulation is a process radio stations use to increase their
strength/volume relative to other stations.
• Terrain. Hills, mountains and tall buildings between your vehicle’s
antenna and the radio station signal can cause FM reception problems.
Static can be caused on AM stations by power lines, electric fences,
traffic lights and thunderstorms. Moving away from an interfering
structure (out of its “shadow”) returns your reception to normal.
• Station overload. Weak signals are sometimes captured by stronger
signals when you pass a broadcast tower. A stronger signal may
temporarily overtake a weaker signal and play while the weak station
frequency is displayed.
37
Controls and features
The audio system automatically switches to single channel reception if it
will improve the reception of a station normally received in stereo.
Audio system warranties and service
Refer to the “Warranty Guide” for audio system warranty information.
If service is necessary, see your dealer or a qualified technician.
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Electronic Automatic Temperature Control (EATC) system
The EATC system will maintain a
selected temperature and
AUTO
automatically control airflow. You
can override automatic operation
with any of the override controls,
the fan speed control or steering
wheel controls.
F
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
Turning the EATC on
Press AUTOMATIC, any of the
override controls or the fan speed
control. The EATC will only operate
when the ignition is in the ON
position.
VENT
PNL • FLR
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
VENT
Turning the EATC off
Press OFF. The Outside
Temperature function will continue
to operate until the ignition is
turned off.
PNL • FLR
FLOOR
OFF
DEF
LO
HI
OFF
F
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
HI
OFF
AUTOMATIC
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
HI
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
Automatic operation
Press AUTOMATIC and select the desired temperature. The selected
temperature and the word AUTO will appear in the display window. The
38
Controls and features
EATC system will either heat or cool to achieve the selected
temperature. The system will automatically determine fan speed, airflow
location and if fresh outside air or recirculated air is required. Fan speed
remains automatic unless the fan speed thumbwheel is turned or the
steering wheel fan speed control is pressed.
When in AUTOMATIC and weather conditions require heat, air will be
sent to the floor. However, if the engine is not warm enough to provide
heat, the fan will be at a low speed and the air will be directed to the
windshield. In 3½ minutes or less, the fan speed will start to increase
and the airflow location will change to the floor area.
If unusual conditions exist (i.e.-window fogging, etc.), the manual
override controls allow you to select airflow locations and the fan control
allows you to adjust fan speed as necessary.
Temperature selection
The display window indicates the
selected temperature, function
(AUTO or one of the override
controls) and manual control of fan
speed ( ) if automatic fan speed is not desired.
To control the temperature, select
any temperature between 18°C
(65°F) and 29°C (85°F) by pressing
the blue (cooler) or red (warmer)
buttons.
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
˚F
AUTO
VENT
PNL • FLR
For continuous maximum cooling, push the blue button until 16°C
(60°F) is shown in the display window. The EATC will continue
maximum cooling (disregarding the displayed temperature) until a
warmer temperature is selected by pressing the red button.
For continuous maximum heating, push the red button until 32°C (90°F)
is shown in the display window. The EATC will continue maximum
heating (disregarding the displayed temperature) until a cooler
temperature is selected by pressing the blue button.
39
Controls and features
Temperature conversion
Press MAX A/C and DEF
at the
same time (for one second) to
switch between Fahrenheit and
Celsius.
The English/Metric (E/M) control on
the trip computer and message center (if equipped) will not change
temperature display.
OFF
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
VENT
PNL • FLR
FLOOR
Fan speed ( )
When AUTOMATIC is pressed, fan
speed is adjusted automatically for
OFF
existing conditions. You can override
fan speed at any time. To control
AUTOMATIC
fan speed manually, use the
thumbwheel or steering wheel
control to cancel automatic fan
FLR • DEF
DEF
speed operation. Rotate the
thumbwheel up for higher fan speed
or down for lower fan speed. Press
the steering wheel control up for
higher fan speed or down for lower fan speed.
The display will show
to indicate
manual fan operation.
HI
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
HI
LO
˚F
AUTO
To return to automatic fan operation, press AUTOMATIC.
Manual override controls
The override controls are located at
the bottom of the EATC and allow
you to determine where airflow is
directed. To return to full automatic
control, press AUTOMATIC.
OFF
F
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
VENT
PNL • FLR
FLOOR
HI
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all modes except FLOOR
and VENT. It will also operate only when required when AUTOMATIC
has been selected. However, the air conditioning will only function if the
outside temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or above.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
40
Controls and features
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
Under normal conditions, your vehicle’s climate control system should be
left in any position other than MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is
parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe” through the outside air inlet
duct.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. The temperature
will display 16°C (60°F). To exit, press AUTOMATIC or any other
override controls. MAX A/C is noisier than normal A/C but more
economical and will cool the inside of the vehicle faster. Airflow is
from the instrument panel registers. This mode can also be used to
prevent undesirable odors from entering the vehicle.
• VENT-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel registers.
However, the air cannot be cooled below the outside temperature
because the air conditioning does not operate in this mode.
• PNL•FLR-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
registers and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning capabilities
are provided in this mode. The air will be heated or cooled based on
the temperature selection. For added customer comfort, the air
distributed through the floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air
sent to the instrument panel registers.
• FLOOR-Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air
through the floor ducts. However, the air cannot be cooled below the
outside temperature because the air conditioning does not operate this
mode.
• FLR•DEF-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster
ducts and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning capabilities are
provided in this mode. The air will be heated or cooled based on the
temperature selection. For added customer comfort, the air
distributed through the floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air
sent to the windshield defroster ducts. If the temperature is about
10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will automatically
dehumidify the air to prevent fogging.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster
• DEF
ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield. If the
outside air temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air
conditioner will automatically dehumidify the air to prevent fogging.
41
Controls and features
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to prevent undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
Displaying outside temperature
Press OUTSIDE TEMP to display
the outside air temperature. It will
be displayed until OUTSIDE TEMP
is pressed again.
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
VENT
PNL • FLR
If the selected temperature is changed while the outside temperature is
displayed, the new temperature will be displayed for four seconds after it
is changed, then the outside temperature will return to the window.
If a manual override function is selected while the outside temperature is
displayed, the new function will be displayed for four seconds after it is
changed, then the outside temperature will return to the window along
with the override selection.
The outside temperature reading is most accurate when the vehicle is
moving. Higher readings may be obtained when the vehicle is not
moving. The readings that you get may not agree with temperatures
given on the radio due to differences in vehicle and station locations.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select DEF
before driving. This will prevent
your windshield from fogging. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats.
42
Controls and features
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during hot
weather, the air conditioner will do a much faster job of cooling if you
drive for two or three minutes with the windows open. This will force
most of the hot, stale air out of the vehicle. Then operate the air
conditioner as you would normally.
• When placing objects on top of your instrument panel, be careful to
not place them over the defroster outlets. These objects can block
airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These
objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow and
possibly damage your climate control system.
Rear console climate controls (if equipped)
Depending on the equipment
package of your vehicle, the rear
console may be equipped with rear
console audio/climate controls.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
The instrument panel climate controls must be on in order for the rear
console climate controls to work.
Turn the air distribution control to the desired airflow position.
43
Controls and features
Turn the fan speed control to the
desired position.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
for air to flow through
Select
these vents:
–
VOLUME
+
BAND
SEEK
MEMORY
for air to flow through
Select
these vents:
–
VOLUME
SEEK
44
+
BAND
MEMORY
Controls and features
Auxiliary A/C-heater controls (if equipped)
The auxiliary A/C-heater feature
provides increased capacity to
quickly heat or cool the vehicle.
Besides the driver’s overhead
control panel for the front seat
occupants, the second row auxiliary
A/C-heater controls allow the rear
passengers to control the
temperature in the rear of the
vehicle through a second control
panel above the second row.
In order for the auxiliary A/C-heater
controls to function, the driver’s
auxiliary A/C-heater control must be
set to REAR.
OFF
REAR
HI
COOL
The instrument panel climate
controls must be on in order for the
auxiliary A/C-heater to operate.
WARM
PANEL
OFF
F
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
VENT
PNL • FLR
FLOOR
FLOOR
HI
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
45
Controls and features
When the auxiliary A/C-heater control is set to FLOOR, airflow only
occurs from the third row seat floor vent located in the driver’s side rear
quarter trim panel.
When the auxiliary A/C-heater control is set to PANEL, airflow occurs
from the overhead 2nd and 3rd row vents.
Turn the fan speed control knob to
the desired speed.
OFF
LO
HI
Turn the temperature control to the
desired temperature.
You can get warm or cool air
through either the overhead
registers or floor vent by turning the
auxiliary mode selector:
• Far left for airflow to the
overhead registers.
• Far right for airflow to the rear
floor vent.
• Anywhere between PANEL and
FLOOR to vary airflow between
the outlets.
COOL
PANEL
46
WARM
FLOOR
Controls and features
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows the electrical
4
accessories such as the radio to
3
operate while the engine is not
5
running.
2. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,
2
automatic transmission gearshift
lever and allows key removal.
1
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all
accessories without locking the
steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning lights illuminated. Key
position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
signal.
47
Controls and features
SPEED CONTROL
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
48
Controls and features
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
Once speed control is switched off, the previously programmed set speed
will be erased.
To set a speed
• Press SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
For speed control to operate, the
speed control must be ON and
the vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it increases above the
set speed on a downhill. If your vehicle speed is faster than the set
49
Controls and features
speed while driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the next
lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET/SET
ACC/SET ACCEL. Release the
control when the desired vehicle
speed is reached or
• Press and release SET/SET
ACC/SET ACCEL. Each press will
increase the set speed by 1.6
km/h (1 mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal. When the desired vehicle
speed is reached, press and
release SET/SET ACC/SET
ACCEL.
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any time during speed
control usage. Releasing the accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to
the previously programmed set speed.
50
Controls and features
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold CST/COAST.
Release the control when the
desired speed is reached or
• Press and release CST/COAST.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET/SET
ACC/SET ACCEL.
51
Controls and features
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal.
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
52
Controls and features
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/RSM/RESUME. For
RES/RSM/RESUME to operate,
the vehicle speed must be faster
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
TILT STEERING
Pull the tilt steering control toward
you to move the steering wheel up
or down. Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to the desired
position, then release the control.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.
53
Controls and features
HAZARD FLASHER
For information on the hazard flasher control, refer to Hazard flasher in
the Roadside emergencies chapter.
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper control
to the desired interval, low or high
speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
Push the control on the end of the
stalk to activate washer. Push and
hold for a longer wash cycle. The
washer will automatically shut off
after ten seconds of continuous use.
Rear window wiper/washer controls
For rear wiper operation, rotate the
rear window wiper and washer
control to the desired position.
Select:
INT 2 — One second interval rear
wiper.
INT 1 — Ten second interval rear
wiper.
OFF — Rear wiper and washer off.
For rear wash cycle, rotate (and hold as desired) the rear wiper/washer
position.
control to either
From either position, the control will automatically return to the INT2 or
OFF position.
54
Controls and features
HIGH BEAMS
Push forward to activate.
FLASH TO PASS
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
OVERDRIVE CONTROL
Activating overdrive
(Overdrive) is the normal drive position for the best fuel economy.
The overdrive function allows automatic upshifts to second, third and
fourth gear.
Deactivating overdrive
Press the Transmission Control
Switch (TCS) located on the end of
OVERDRIVE
the gearshift lever. The
Transmission Control Indicator Light
(TCIL) (the word OFF) will
illuminate on the end of the gearshift lever.
The transmission will operate in
gears one through three. To return
OVERDRIVE OFF
to normal overdrive mode, press the
Transmission Control Switch again.
The TCIL (the word OFF) will no
longer be illuminated.
When you shut off and re-start your vehicle, the transmission will
(Overdrive) mode.
automatically return to normal
55
Controls and features
STEERING WHEEL CONTROLS
These controls allow you to operate some radio and climate control
features.
Radio control features
• Press MEM/NEXT to select a
preset station from memory.
• Press BAND/MODE to select AM,
FM1, FM2, TAPE or CD (if
equipped).
• Press VOL up or down to adjust
the volume.
NEXT
MODE
Climate control features
• Press TEMP up or down to adjust temperature.
• Press FAN up or down to adjust fan speed.
OVERHEAD CONSOLE
The appearance of your vehicle’s overhead console will vary according to
your option package.
56
Controls and features
Forward storage bin (if equipped)
Press the release control to open
the storage compartment. The door
will open slightly and can be moved
to full open.
The storage compartment may be
used to secure sunglasses or a
similar object.
Installing a garage door opener (if equipped)
The storage compartment can be converted to accommodate a variety of
aftermarket garage door openers:
• Place Velcroy hook onto back side of aftermarket transmitter opposite
of actuator control.
• Place transmitter into storage compartment, control down.
• Place the provided height adaptors onto the back of the storage bin
door as needed.
• Press the storage compartment door to activate the transmitter.
57
Controls and features
One-touch moon roof (if equipped)
• Press and release the rear portion
of the moon roof control to open.
• Press and hold (as desired) the
front portion of the moon roof
control to close.
• To halt motion at any point
during one-touch opening, press
the control a second time.
• The moon roof has a sliding
shade that can be manually
opened or closed when the glass
panel is shut.
• To close the shade, pull it toward
the front of the vehicle.
VENT
ROOF
VENT
Do not let children play with the moon roof. They may seriously
hurt themselves.
Trip computer
For information on the trip computer, refer to Trip computer in the
Instrumentation chapter.
Electronic compass (if equipped)
The compass reading may be affected when you drive near large
buildings, bridges, power lines and powerful broadcast antennas.
Magnetic or metallic objects placed in, on or near the vehicle may also
affect compass accuracy.
Usually, when something affects the compass readings, the compass will
correct itself after a few days of operating your vehicle in normal
conditions. If the compass still appears to be inaccurate, a manual
calibration may be necessary. Refer to Compass calibration
adjustment.
Most geographic areas (zones) have a magnetic north compass point that
varies slightly from the northerly direction on maps. This variation is four
degrees between adjacent zones and will become noticeable as the
58
Controls and features
vehicle crosses multiple zones. A correct zone setting will eliminate this
error. Refer to Compass zone adjustment.
Compass zone adjustment
1. Determine which magnetic zone
you are in for your geographic
location by referring to the zone
map.
1
15
2
14
3
13
4
12
11
5
6
10
7
8
9
2. Locate the compass module
mounted at the base of the mirror.
3. Turn ignition to the ON position.
4. Insert an appropriate diameter
rod (paperclip) into the small hole
underneath the compass module
and gently press the switch for 1 to
2 seconds until ZONE and the
current zone setting is displayed on
the trip computer.
5. Release the switch, then slowly press down again. Press the switch
repeatedly until the correct zone setting for your geographic location is
displayed on the trip computer.
6. To exit the zone setting mode, release pressure from the switch for
greater than two seconds.
Compass calibration adjustment
Perform this adjustment in an open area free from steel structures and
high voltage lines.
59
Controls and features
For optimum calibration, turn off all electrical accessories (heater/air
conditioning, wipers, etc.) and make sure all vehicle doors are shut.
1. Start the vehicle.
2. Locate the compass module
mounted on the base of the mirror.
3. Insert an appropriate diameter
rod (paperclip) into the switch
access hole underneath the compass
module.
4. Gently press the switch for 2 to 4
seconds until CAL and a direction
are displayed on the trip computer.
(To exit CAL mode before
performing a compass adjustment, turn the ignition OFF.)
5. Release pressure from the switch.
6. Slowly drive the vehicle in a circle (less than 5 km/h [3 mph]) until
the CAL indicator turns off. This will take three to five circles to
complete calibration.
7. The compass is now calibrated.
Power quarter rear windows (if equipped)
portion of the VENT
Press the
control to open the power rear
quarter windows.
Press the
portion of the VENT
control to close the power rear
quarter windows.
VENT
VENT
MODE
E/M
RESET
AUTOMATIC DIMMING REAR VIEW MIRRORS
Your vehicle is equipped with inside and driver side outside rear view
mirrors with an auto-dimming function. The electronic day/night mirrors
will change from the normal state to the non-glare state when bright
lights (glare) reach the inside rear view mirror. When the inside rear
view mirror detects bright light from in front of or behind the vehicle,
60
Controls and features
the inside and driver side outside rear view mirrors will automatically
adjust (darken) to minimize glare.
Do not block the sensor on the backside of the inside rear view mirror
since this may impair proper system performance.
Press the control to turn the mirror
on or off.
The mirror will automatically return
to the normal state whenever the
vehicle is placed in R
(Reverse)(when the mirror is on) to
ensure a bright clear view when
backing up.
HOMELINKT UNIVERSAL TRANSCEIVER (IF EQUIPPED)
The HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver, located on the driver’s visor,
provides a convenient way to replace up to three hand-held transmitters
with a single built-in device. This feature will learn the radio frequency
codes of most current transmitters to operate garage doors, entry gates,
security systems, entry door locks, and home or office lighting.
When programming your HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver, to a
garage door or gate be sure that people and objects are out of
the way to prevent potential harm or damage.
Do not use the HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver with any garage door
opener that lacks safety stop and reverse features as required by U.S.
federal safety standards (this includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982). A garage door which cannot detect
an object, signaling the door to stop and reverse, does not meet current
U.S. federal safety standards. For more information on this matter, call
toll-free: 1–800–355–3515 or on the Internet at HomeLink.jci.com.
61
Controls and features
Programming
1. Prepare for programming the
HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver by
erasing the three factory default
codes by holding down the two
outside buttons until the red light
begins to flash after 20 seconds.
Release both buttons.
2. Hold the end of your hand-held
transmitter 5–14 cm (2–5 inches)
away from the HomeLinkt Universal
Transceiver surface (located on your visor) while keeping the red light in
view.
3. Using both hands simultaneously
press and hold the hand-held
transmitter button and the desired
HomeLinkt button. Do not release
the buttons until step 4 has been
completed.
4. The red light will flash slowly and
then rapidly. Release both buttons
when the red light flashes rapidly.
5. Follow steps 2 through 4 to program the remaining two buttons.
If you do not successfully program the HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver
after repeated attempts, refer to Rolling code programing which
follows, or call toll-free customer assistance: 1–800–355–3515 or on the
Internet at HomeLink.jci.com.
Note to Canadian residents
During programming, your hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting after two seconds which may not be long enough to
program the HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver.
62
Controls and features
To program your hand-held
transmitters:
• continue to hold the button on
the HomeLinkt Universal
Transceiver.
• press and re-press the hand-held
transmitter button every two
seconds until the red light changes from a slow to a fast flash.
Operating the HomeLinkT Universal Transceiver
Once programmed, the HomeLinkt
Universal Transceiver can be used in
place of hand-held transmitters. To
operate, simply press and release
the appropriate HomeLinkt button
(the red light will illuminate,
indicating the signal is being
transmitted).
Rolling code programming
Rolling code garage door openers (or other rolling code devices) which
are “code protected” and manufactured after 1996, may be determined
by the following:
• Reference the device owner’s manual for verification
• The hand-held transmitter appears to program the HomeLinkt
Universal Transceiver but does not activate the device.
• Press and hold the trained HomeLinkt button. The device has the
rolling code feature if the indicator light flashes rapidly and then turns
solid after 2 seconds.
After completing the “Programming” functions, follow these steps to
train a garage door opener with the rolling code feature:
1. Locate the training button on the garage door motor head unit.
Refer to the garage door opener manual or call 1–800–355–3515 or on
the Internet at HomeLink.jci.com. if there is difficulty locating the
training button.
2. Press the training button on the garage door motor head unit (which
will activate the “training” light.)
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Controls and features
3. Press and release the
programmed HomeLinkt button.
Press and release the HomeLinkt
button a second time to complete
the training process. (Some garage
door openers may require this
procedure to be done a third time
to complete the training).
The 2nd or 3rd press from step 3 will activate the door. The HomeLinkt
Universal Transceiver has now been trained to the receiver. The
remaining two buttons may now be programmed if this has not
previously been done.
Erasing HomeLinkT buttons
Individual buttons cannot be erased,
however, to erase the three
programmed buttons:
1. Hold down the two outside
buttons until the red light begins to
flash.
2. Release both buttons.
Reprogramming a single HomeLinkT button
To program a device to HomeLinkt using a HomeLinkt button previously
trained, follow these steps:
1. Press and hold the desired HomeLinkt button. Do NOT release until
step 4 has been completed.
2. When the indicator light begins to flash slowly (after 20 seconds),
position the hand-held transmitter 5–14 cm (2 to 5 inches) away from
the HomeLinkt surface.
3. Press and hold the hand-held transmitter button.
4. The HomeLinkt indicator light will flash, first slowly and then rapidly.
When the indicator light begins to flash rapidly, release both buttons.
The previous device has now been erased and the new device can be
activated by pushing the HomeLinkt button that has just been
programmed.
64
Controls and features
POWER WINDOWS
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and close windows.
• Press the top portion of the
rocker switch to close.
AUTO
• Press the bottom portion of the
rocker switch to open.
AUTO
One touch down
• Press AUTO completely down and
release quickly. The window will
open fully. Depress again to stop
window operation.
AUTO
65
Controls and features
Window lock
The window lock feature allows only
the driver to operate the power
windows.
WINDOW LOCK
To lock out all the window controls
except for the driver’s press the left
side of the control. Press the right side to restore the window controls.
Accessory delay
With accessory delay, the window switches may be used for up to ten
minutes after the ignition switch is turned to the OFF position or until
any door is opened.
POWER DOOR LOCKS
Press U to unlock all doors and L to
lock all doors.
U
L
CHILDPROOF DOOR LOCKS
When these locks are set, the rear
doors cannot be opened from the
inside. The rear doors can be
opened from the outside when the
doors are unlocked.
The childproof locks are located on
rear edge of each rear door and
must be set separately for each
door. Setting the lock for one door
will not automatically set the lock
for both doors.
Move lock control up to engage the lock. Move control down to
disengage childproof locks.
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Controls and features
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS
The ignition must be in ACC or ON position to adjust the power side
view mirrors.
To adjust your mirrors:
1. Select L to adjust the left mirror
or R to adjust the right mirror.
MIRRORS
L
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
R
MIRRORS
L
R
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in place.
Heated outside mirrors
Both mirrors are heated
automatically to remove ice, mist
and fog when the rear window
defrost is activated.
Do not remove ice from the mirrors
with a scraper or attempt to
readjust the mirror glass if it is
frozen in place. These actions could
cause damage to the glass and
mirrors.
67
Controls and features
Fold-away mirrors
Pull the side mirrors in carefully
when driving through a narrow
space, like an automatic car wash.
CENTER CONSOLE
Your vehicle may be equipped with a variety of console features. These
include:
• utility compartment
• cupholders
• coin holder slots
• tissue box holder
• compact disc changer (if equipped)
• cellular phone (if equipped)
Use only soft cups in the cupholder. Hard objects can injure you
in a collision.
Cellular phone
Refer to the “Cellular phone guide” for instructions on operation.
Rear center console features (if equipped)
The rear center console incorporates the following features:
• utility compartment
• cupholders
68
Controls and features
POSITIVE RETENTION FLOOR MAT
Position the floor mat so that the
eyelet is over the pointed end of the
retention post and rotate forward to
lock in. Make sure that the mat does
not interfere with the operation of
the accelerator or the brake pedal.
To remove the floor mat, reverse the
installation procedure.
LIFTGATE
To open the rear window, pull the
left side of the liftgate handle.
To open the liftgate, pull the right
side of the liftgate handle.
• Do not open the liftgate or
liftgate glass in a garage or other
enclosed area with a low ceiling.
If the liftgate glass is raised and
the liftgate is also opened, both
liftgate and glass could be
damaged against a low ceiling.
• Do not leave the liftgate or
liftgate glass open while driving. Doing so could cause serious damage
to the liftgate and its components as well as allowing carbon monoxide
to enter the vehicle.
Make sure that the liftgate door and/or window are closed to
prevent exhaust fumes from being drawn into the vehicle. This
will also prevent passengers and cargo from falling out. If you must
drive with the liftgate door or window open, keep the vents open so
outside air comes into the vehicle.
69
Controls and features
SECURILOCKY PASSIVE ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with a coded-key anti-theft system. Only the
correct key will be able to start your vehicle. If your keys are lost or
stolen, you must take your vehicle to your dealership for key
reprogramming.
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system provides an advanced level of
vehicle theft protection. Your vehicle’s engine can only be started with
the two special SecuriLocky electronically coded keys provided with
your vehicle. Each time you start your vehicle, the SecuriLocky key is
read by the SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system. If the SecuriLocky
key identification code matches the code stored in the SecuriLocky
passive anti-theft system, the vehicle’s engine is allowed to start. If the
SecuriLocky key identification code does not match the code stored in
the system or if a SecuriLocky key is not detected (vehicle theft
situation), the vehicle’s engine will not operate.
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system is not compatible with
aftermarket remote start systems. Use of these systems may result in
vehicle starting problems and a loss of security protection. Large metallic
objects or devices such as the Mobil Speedpassy on the same key ring
as your SecuriLocky key may cause vehicle starting problems. These
objects and devices cannot damage the SecuriLocky key, but can cause
a momentary problem if they are too close to the key when starting the
engine. If a problem occurs. turn ignition off and restart the engine with
all other objects on the key ring held away from the SecuriLocky
ignition key.
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from your dealership and
programmed to your SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system. Refer to
Programming spare SecuriLocky keys for more information.
If one or both of your SecuriLocky keys are lost or stolen and you want
to ensure the lost or stolen key will not operate your vehicle, bring your
vehicle and all available SecuriLocky keys to your dealership for
reinitialization.
Theft indicator
The theft indicator on top of the instrument panel will operate as
follows:
• When the ignition is OFF, the theft indicator will flash briefly every
2 seconds to indicate the SecuriLocky system is protecting your
vehicle.
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Controls and features
• When the ignition is turned to RUN or START, the theft indicator will
light for 3 seconds and then go out. If the theft indicator stays on for
an extended period of time or flashes rapidly, have the system
serviced by your dealership or a qualified technician.
Programming spare SecuriLockY keys
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from your dealership and
programmed to your SecuriLocky anti-theft system (up to a total of 8
keys). Your dealership can program your new SecuriLocky key(s) to
your vehicle or you can do it yourself using the following simple
procedure. To program a new SecuriLocky key yourself, you will need
two previously programmed SecuriLocky keys (keys that already
operate your vehicle’s engine). If two previously programmed
SecuriLocky keys are not available (one or both of your original keys
were lost or stolen), you must bring your vehicle to your dealership to
have the spare SecuriLocky key(s) programmed.
Procedure to program spare SecuriLockY keys to your vehicle
New SecuriLocky keys must have the correct mechanical key cut for
your vehicle.
Conventional (non-SecuriLocky) keys cannot be programmed to your
vehicle.
You will need to have two previously programmed SecuriLocky keys and
the new unprogrammed SecuriLocky key readily accessible for timely
implementation of each step in the procedure. Please read and
understand the entire procedure before you begin.
1. Insert the first previously programmed SecuriLocky key into the
ignition and turn the ignition from OFF to RUN (maintain ignition in
RUN for at least one second).
2. Turn ignition to OFF and remove the first SecuriLocky key from the
ignition.
3. Within five seconds of turning the ignition to OFF, insert the second
previously programmed SecuriLocky key into the ignition and turn the
ignition from OFF to RUN (maintain ignition in RUN for at least one
second but no more than 5 seconds).
4. Turn the ignition to OFF and remove the second SecuriLocky key
from the ignition.
71
Controls and features
5. Within 10 seconds of turning the ignition to OFF, insert the
unprogrammed SecuriLocky key (new key) into the ignition and turn
the ignition from OFF to RUN (maintain ignition in RUN for at least one
second). This step will program your new SecuriLocky key.
6. To program additional SecuriLocky key(s), repeat this procedure from
step 1.
If the programming procedure was successful, the new SecuriLocky
key(s) will start the vehicle’s engine. The theft indicator (located on the
instrument panel) will light for three seconds and then go out.
If the programming procedure was not successful, the new SecuriLocky
key(s) will not operate the vehicle’s engine. The theft indicator will flash
on and off. Wait at least one minute and then repeat the procedure from
step 1. If failure repeats, bring your vehicle to your dealership to have
the spare SecuriLocky key(s) programmed.
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with a remote entry system which allows you to:
• unlock the vehicle doors without a key.
• lock all the vehicle doors without a key
• activate the personal alarm.
The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the OFF
position.
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver door. The interior lamps and
running boards will illuminate.
The memory mirrors/seat will also
be moved to position 1, 2 or 3
depending upon which remote entry
transmitter (1, 2 or 3) is used.
Press the control a second time
within five seconds to unlock all
doors.
72
Controls and features
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors
or the driver’s door.
To confirm doors are closed and
locked, press this control a second
time within five seconds. The
door(s) will lock again, the horn will
chirp once and the lamps will flash.
If any of the doors are open or ajar,
the horn will make two quick chirps,
reminding you to properly close the
doors.
This process will also arm your anti-theft system (if equipped). For more
information on arming the anti-theft system, refer to Anti-theft system in
this chapter.
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to activate the
alarm.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
control again or turn the ignition to
ACC or RUN.
This device complies with part 15 of
the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is
subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Replacing the battery
The transmitter is powered by one coin type three-volt lithium battery
CR2032 or equivalent. Typical operating range will allow you to be up to
10 meters (33 feet) away from your vehicle. A decrease in operating
range can be caused by:
73
Controls and features
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two
halves of the transmitter near the
key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE
FRONT PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new
battery in the same orientation.
Refer to the diagram inside the
transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back
together.
Replacement of the battery will not cause the remote transmitter to
become deprogrammed from your vehicle. The remote transmitter should
operate normally after battery replacement.
Replacing lost transmitters
If a remote transmitter has been lost
or you would like to purchase
additional transmitters for your
vehicle (up to four may be
programmed), take all your vehicle’s
transmitters to your dealer for
reprogramming. It will be necessary
for your dealer to reprogram all the
remote transmitters to your vehicle
while performing this service.
Illuminated entry
The illuminated entry system will turn on the interior lights when the
remote transmitter unlock control is pressed.
74
Controls and features
The illuminated entry system will turn off the interior lights if the
ignition switch is turned to the RUN position, or if the remote
transmitter lock control is pressed, or after 25 seconds of illumination.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer control or
• any door is open.
The battery save feature will turn off the interior lights 45 minutes after
the last door is closed, even if the dimmer control is on.
Memory seat/mirrors/adjustable pedal (if equipped) feature
The memory feature allows automatic positioning of the driver seat, side
mirrors and adjustable pedals (if equipped) to three programmable
positions.
• To program position one, move the driver seat, both side mirrors, and
adjustable pedals (if equipped) to the desired positions. Press the SET
control. The SET control indicator light will briefly illuminate. While
the light is illuminated, press control 1.
• To program position two, repeat the previous procedure using control
2.
• To program position three, repeat the previous procedure but press
controls 1 and 2 simultaneously.
The memory feature also allows you to recall previously stored positions
with your remote transmitter(s). Up to three remote transmitters can be
activated to utilize the memory recall positions.
Press this control to move to the previously stored seat/mirror/adjustable
pedal (if equipped) positions.
Activating/deactivating the memory feature on your remote
transmitter
The memory feature from the remote transmitter can be turned off/on,
however, the memory control buttons will continue to operate. Before
following the procedure, make sure that the ignition is OFF and all doors
and the liftgate window are closed. You must complete steps 1–7 within
30 seconds or the procedure will have to be repeated. If the procedure
needs to be repeated, you must wait 30 seconds.
1. Turn the ignition key to RUN.
2. Press the power door unlock control three times.
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Controls and features
3. Turn the ignition key from RUN to OFF.
4. Press the power door unlock control three times.
5. Turn the ignition back to RUN. The horn will chirp.
6. Press the power door unlock control two times, then press the power
lock control once. The horn will chirp twice if the memory feature was
deactivated or three times (two short and one long) if the memory
feature was deactivated or three times (two short and one long chirp) if
the memory feature was activated.
7. Turn ignition to OFF. The horn will chirp once to confirm the
procedure is complete.
Autolock (if equipped)
This feature automatically locks all doors when:
• all vehicle doors, liftgate and liftgate window are closed
• the ignition is in the RUN position
• you shift into or through R (Reverse)
• the brake pedal is released
Relock
The autolock feature repeats when:
• any door is opened and closed
• the ignition switch is in the RUN position, and
• the brake pedal is released
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Controls and features
Deactivating/activating the autolock feature
Before following the procedure, make sure that the ignition is OFF and
all vehicle doors and the liftgate window are closed.
You must complete steps 1-7 within 30 seconds or the procedure will
have to be repeated. If the procedure needs to be repeated, you must
wait 30 seconds.
1. Turn the ignition key to RUN.
2. Press the power door unlock control three times.
3. Turn the ignition key from RUN to OFF.
4. Press the power door unlock control three times.
5. Turn the ignition back to RUN. The horn will chirp.
6. Press the unlock control, then press the lock control. The horn will
chirp once if autolock was deactivated or twice (one short and one long
chirp) if autolock was activated.
7. Turn the ignition to OFF. The horn will chirp once to confirm the
procedure is complete.
77
Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Adjustable head restraints
Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head restraints which are
vertically adjustable. The purpose of these head restraints is to help limit
head motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly adjust your head
restraints, lift the head restraint so that it is located directly behind your
head or as close to that position as possible. Refer to the following to
raise and lower the head restraints.
The head restraints can be moved
up and down.
Push control to lower head restraint.
Using the manual lumbar support
Turn the lumbar support control
toward the front of vehicle to
increase firmness.
Turn the lumbar support control
toward the rear of vehicle to
increase softness.
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Seating and safety restraints
Adjusting the front power seat (if equipped)
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Press to raise or lower the front
portion of the seat cushion.
Press to raise or lower the rear
portion of the seat cushion.
Press the control to move the seat
forward, backward, up or down.
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Seating and safety restraints
Memory seats (if equipped)
This system allows automatic
positioning of the driver seat,
outside rearview mirrors, and
SET
adjustable pedals (if equipped) to
three programmable positions.
The memory seat control is located
on the driver door.
1
2
• To program position one, move
the driver seat to the desired
position using the seat controls.
Press the SET control. The SET control indicator light will briefly
illuminate. While the light is illuminated, press control 1.
• To program position two, repeat the previous procedure using control 2.
• To program position three, repeat the previous procedure but press
controls 1 and 2 simultaneously.
A position can only be set or recalled when the transmission gearshift is
in Park or Neutral. A memory seat position may be programmed at any
time.
The memory seat positions are also recalled when you press your remote
entry transmitter UNLOCK control.
To program the memory seat to remote entry transmitter, refer to
Remote entry system in the Controls and features chapter.
Heated seats (if equipped)
To operate the heated seats:
• Push control to activate.
• Push again to deactivate.
The indicator light will illuminate when activated.
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Seating and safety restraints
REAR SEATS
Head restraints
Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head restraints which are
vertically adjustable. The purpose of these head restraints is to help limit
head motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly adjust your head
restraints, lift the head restraint so that it is located directly behind your
head or as close to that position as possible. Refer to the following to
raise and lower the head restraints.
Push or pull the head rests to the
desired position.
Rear folding bench seat (if equipped)
Folding down the rear seats
Ensure that the headrest is in the
down position and no objects such
as books, purses or briefcases are on
the floor in front of the second row
seats before folding them down.
Move front passenger seat forward
so that the second row seat head
rest clears the front seat.
For assistance, refer to the label
located on the lower position of the
opening.
1. Locate handle below the seat
cushion near the bottom of the door
side cushion (this handle is marked
“A”).
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Seating and safety restraints
2. Lift the handle and push the seatback toward the front of the vehicle.
3. Press the green control on the seatback to release the closeout panel.
Rotate the panel to closeout the space in the floor.
4. Once the second row seats are in the down position, the front seats
may be readjusted.
Returning the seat to upright
Always latch the vehicle seat to the floor, whether the seat is
occupied or empty. If not latched, the seat may cause injury
during a sudden stop.
1. Rotate the closeout panel onto
the seatback and press the black
control (adjacent to the green
control) to lock.
2. Locate and lift the handle marked
“A”.
3. Pull on the seatback while lifting
the handle to lift the seat into the
upright position.
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Seating and safety restraints
Reclining the seatback
Locate the lever at the bottom of
the seatback marked “1”. Pull the
lever upwards to recline the
seatback.
Third row seat (if equipped)
The third row seat is equipped with combination lap and shoulder belts
in the outboard seating positions and a manual adjust tongue lap belt in
the center seating position. For information on the proper operation of
the safety restraints, refer to Safety Restraints in this chapter.
The third row seat may be removed from the vehicle for additional cargo
space.
Accessing the third row seat
Your vehicle is equipped with an
easy entry second row seat feature
which allows ready access to the
third row seat. You may enter the
third row seat:
• through the passenger side rear
door if your vehicle has a second
row bench seat
• through either rear door if your
vehicle has second row bucket
seats
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Seating and safety restraints
Ensure that the second row seat is in the upright position in order to
achieve optimum access to the third row.
To minimize the risk of personal injury, the third row seat should not be
left in the forward, stowed position while the vehicle is in motion. Please
ensure that the seat is in the upright, fully latched position before
putting the vehicle in motion.
1. Locate the lever at the bottom of the seatback marked “1”.
2. Press down on the front of lever “1” while pressing the seatback down
onto the cushion.
3. Locate and lift the lever marked “2” while rotating the seat toward the
front row seat.
4. After entering the seat, reverse this procedure; ensure that the latch
tub and surrounding areas are clear.
Removing the third row seat
From the rear of the vehicle, with
the liftgate open:
1. Disengage the lap/shoulder belt
from the floor by inserting a key or
small screwdriver through the hole
in the boot of the detachable
anchor. Then, press the release
button to separate the detachable
anchor from the anchor tongue.
2. Before removing the seat, be sure
that the detachable anchor tongue is
stowed flat into the vehicle floor.
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Seating and safety restraints
3. Use the black plastic clip (located
just above the detachable anchor) to
stow the loose seat belt.
• Pull the seat release lever located
on the lower right side of the
seatback while pushing the
seatback down into the seat
cushion.
• The seatback will latch onto the
cushion.
4. Lift the seat release bar located
at the center of the seat near the
floor to release the floor latches.
5. While pulling up on the release bar, lift the seat up and out of the
floor tubs and roll seat rearward.
6. With assistance, lift the seat out of the vehicle.
Installing the third row seat
Always latch the vehicle seat to the floor, whether the seat is
occupied or empty. If not latched, the seat may cause injury
during a sudden stop.
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Seating and safety restraints
When reinstalling a rear seat in your vehicle it must be placed in
its original position. Improper installation of the seat will prevent
correct use of the safety belts and could increase the risk of injury.
Refer to the warning label on the seat belt.
Before installing your third row seat,
ensure that the detachable anchor
tongues are stowed into the floor
and the loose belts are stored out of
the way. For proper latching, ensure
that the floor tubs are clear of
debris.
From the rear of the vehicle, with
the liftgate open:
1. With assistance, lift the seat into the rear of the vehicle and position
front rollers onto the track. By rolling the seat forward, guide the seat
positioners over the front pins of the floor tubs.
2. Guide the positioners around each pin and lower the seat.
• When the rear of the seat is 10–13 cm (4–5 in) above the rear pins,
let the seat drop. This will ensure that the seat will properly latch into
the floor.
3. Locate the seat belt anchor tongue in the plastic housing on the floor.
4. Disconnect the detachable anchor from its stowage location and
connect it to the anchor tongue (making sure that the label on the
detachable anchor is pointing toward the outside of the vehicle (left
side) and that the belts are not twisted or jammed).
5. Insert the seat detachable anchor into detachable anchor tongue until
you hear a “click” and feel the latch engage.
6. Push up on the seat to verify that it is latched into the floor.
7. Verify that the safety belts can move freely on either side of the seat.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
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Seating and safety restraints
To prevent the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
can be properly restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm.
2) Never swing the safety belt around your neck over the inside
shoulder. 3) Never use a single belt for more than one person.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) until you hear a snap and feel
it latch. Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened in the buckle.
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Seating and safety restraints
2. To unfasten, push the release
button and remove the tongue from
the buckle.
The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are
combination lap and shoulder belts. The front and rear seat passenger
outboard safety belts have two types of locking modes described below:
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing free
shoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking in
response to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of 8
km/h (5 mph) or more, the combination safety belts will lock to help
reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• When a tight lap/shoulder fit is desired.
• Anytime a child safety seat is installed in a passenger front or
outboard rear seating position (if equipped). Refer to Safety
Restraints for Children or Safety Seats for Children later in this
chapter.
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Seating and safety restraints
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
shoulder belt.
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire
belt is extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
Lap belts
Adjusting the lap belt
The lap belt does not adjust automatically.
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Seating and safety restraints
The lap belts should fit snugly and as low as possible around the
hips, not around the waist.
Insert the tongue into the correct
buckle (the buckle closest to the
direction the tongue is coming
from). To lengthen the belt, turn the
tongue at a right angle to the belt
and pull across your lap until it
reaches the buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end of the belt
through the tongue until it fits
snugly across the hips.
Shorten and fasten the belt when
not in use.
Front and second row safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety belt height
adjustments for the driver, front
passenger and second row
passengers. Adjust the height of the
shoulder belt so the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder.
To lower the shoulder belt height,
push the button and slide the height
control down. To raise the height of
the shoulder belt, slide the height
adjuster up. Pull down on the height
adjustment assembly to make sure it is locked in place.
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Seating and safety restraints
Position the shoulder belt height adjuster so that the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety
belt properly could reduce the effectiveness of the safety belt and
increase the risk of injury in a collision.
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too short, even when fully extended, 20 cm
(8 inches) can be added to the safety belt assembly by adding a safety
belt extension assembly (part number 611C22). Safety belt extension
assemblies can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended. Do not use extensions to change the
fit of the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled while the indicator
light is illuminated and the
warning chime is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates for one to two minutes and
the warning chime sounds for four to
eight seconds.
The safety belt warning light and
warning chime turn off.
The safety belt warning light and
indicator chime remain off.
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Seating and safety restraints
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make sure
there are no nicks, wears or cuts, replacing if necessary. All safety belt
assemblies, including retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle
assemblies (slide bar)(if equipped), shoulder belt height adjusters (if
equipped), child safety seat tether bracket assemblies (if equipped), and
attaching hardware, should be inspected after a collision. Ford
recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in vehicles involved in a
collision be replaced. However, if the collision was minor and a qualified
technician finds that the belts do not show damage and continue to
operate properly, they do not need to be replaced. Safety belt assemblies
not in use during a collision should also be inspected and replaced if
either damage or improper operation is noted.
Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety belt
assembly under the above conditions could result in severe
personal injuries in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts in the
Maintenance and care section.
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Seating and safety restraints
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS) precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to work with the safety
belt to help protect the driver and
right front passenger from certain
upper body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT inflate slowly or
gently and the risk of injury from a
deploying air bag is greatest close to
the trim covering the air bag
module.
All occupants of the vehicle including the driver should always
properly wear their safety belts even when air bag SRS is
provided.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always use appropriate child restraints.
NHTSA recommends a minimum distance of at least 25 cm (ten
[10] inches) between an occupant’s chest and the air bag
module.
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Seating and safety restraints
Steps you can take to properly position yourself away from the airbag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the
pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat slightly (one or two degrees) from the upright
position.
Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing
objects on or over the air bag inflation area may cause those
objects to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing
serious injury.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Children and air bags
For additional important safety
information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.
Children must always be properly
restrained. Accident statistics
suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear
seating positions than in the front
seating position. Failure to follow
these instructions may increase the
risk of injury in a collision.
Air bags can kill or injure a
child in a child seat.
NEVER place a rear-facing child
seat in front of an active air bag. If
you must use a forward-facing
child seat in the front seat, move
the seat all the way back.
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Seating and safety restraints
How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?
The air bag SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
sufficient longitudinal deceleration
sufficient to cause the sensors to
close an electrical circuit that
initiates air bag inflation.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation. Air bags are designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover, side-impact, or rear-impacts.
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation. After air bag
deployment, it is normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery residue or
smell the burnt propellant. This may
consist of cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate the bag) or
sodium compounds (e.g., baking
soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the
air bag. Small amounts of sodium
hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but
none of the residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help
reduce serious injuries, it may also
cause minor burns, abrasions, swelling or temporary hearing loss.
Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable force, there
is the risk of death or serious injuries such as fractures, facial and eye
injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants who are not
properly restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time of air bag
deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be properly
restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
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Seating and safety restraints
Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
touch them after inflation.
If the air bag is deployed, the air bag will not function again
and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which include the inflators and
air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors,
• a readiness light and tone
• and the electrical wiring which connects the components.
The diagnostic module monitors its own internal circuits and the
supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the impact
sensors), the system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air
bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument cluster or a tone to
indicate the condition of the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness
section in the Instrumentation chapter. Routine maintenance of the air
bag is not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness light will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness light will not
illuminate immediately after
ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
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Seating and safety restraints
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to properly use safety
restraints for children. Also see Air Bag Supplemental Restraint
System (SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using air
bags.
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children ride in your vehicle (generally children who
are four years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less), you
must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check your
local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements regarding the
safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
When possible, place children in the rear seat of your vehicle. Accident
statistics suggest that children are safer when properly restrained in the
rear seating positions than in the front seating position.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat.
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your
child safety seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can be
positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or neck,
the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child closer to
the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt fit.
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Seating and safety restraints
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on children who have
outgrown child safety seats, Ford recommends use of a belt-positioning
booster seat that is labelled as conforming to all Federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Belt-positioning booster seats raise the child and
provide a shorter, firmer seating cushion that encourages safer seating
posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on the child.
A belt-positioning booster should be used if the shoulder belt rests in
front of the child’s face or neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly on
both thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child sit all the way
back on the seat cushion when the lower legs hang over the edge of the
seat cushion. You may wish to discuss the special needs of your child
with your pediatrician.
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the
child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the
safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
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Seating and safety restraints
When installing a child safety seat:
• Review and follow the information
presented in the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System
section in this chapter.
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
for that seating position.
• Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle until you hear a
snap and feel it latch. Make sure
the tongue is securely fastened in
the buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button pointing up and away from the safety
seat, with the tongue between the child seat and the release button,
to prevent accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
locking mode (passenger side front and outboard rear seating
positions)(if equipped).
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable
of providing a tether anchorage. For more information on top tether
straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with tether straps.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
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Seating and safety restraints
Installing child safety seats in combination lap and shoulder belt
seating positions
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. If you must
use a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move seat all
the way back.
Children 12 and under should be properly restrained in the rear
seat whenever possible.
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
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Seating and safety restraints
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) for that seating position until
you hear a snap and feel the latch
engage. Make sure the tongue is
latched securely by pulling on it.
5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
extracted and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.
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Seating and safety restraints
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with your knee on the
child seat.
8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.
Attaching safety seats with tether straps
Some manufacturers make safety seats that include a tether strap that
goes over the back of the vehicle seat and attaches to an anchoring
point. Other manufacturers offer the tether strap as an accessory.
Contact the manufacturer of your child safety seat for information about
ordering a tether strap.
Tether anchorage hardware
A tethered seat can be installed in the front passenger seat. Put the
tether strap over the seatback and attach it to an anchor bracket.
Anchor brackets can be bolted to the rear edge of the front passenger
seat cushion. The bolt holes are in the bottom of the rear edge of the
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Seating and safety restraints
front passenger seat cushion frame. The anchor bracket must be
installed using the instructions provided with the kit.
Tether anchorage hardware kits (part number 613D74) including
instructions, may be obtained at no charge from any Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Tether anchor brackets may also be installed to the floor behind the
second row seats.
Tighten the anchor according to specifications. Otherwise, the
safety seat may not be properly secured and the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
103
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the ignition system. This system meets
all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard requirements
regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the
engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have
the vehicle checked. Do not allow the vehicle to idle for more than ten
minutes at the higher engine RPM.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints chapter.
104
Starting
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
3. Make sure the parking brake is
set.
HOOD
BRAKE
4. Make sure the gearshift is in P
(Park).
5. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
4
3
5
2
1
105
Starting
DOOR
AJAR
H
60
40
L
80
00
F
E
H
NAVIGATOR
4X4
20
L
40
20
LOW
FUEL
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
THEFT
LOW
RANGE
60
MPH
H
RPMX1000
km/h
D 2
P RN D
SELECT
RESET
CK
SUSP
C
BRAKE
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate briefly. If a light fails to
illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the
light will not illuminate.
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
pedal and release as soon as the
engine starts. The key will return to
4 (ON).
4
3
5
2
1
2. If the temperature is above –12°C (10°F) and the engine does not
start within five seconds on the first try, turn the key to OFF, wait ten
seconds and try again.
3. If the temperature is below -12°C (10°F) and the engine does not
start in fifteen seconds on the first try, turn the key OFF and wait ten
seconds and try again. If the engine does not start in two attempts,
depress the accelerator and start the engine while holding the
accelerator down to the floor. Release the accelerator when the engine
starts.
4. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake and release the parking
brake.
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Starting
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine faster and allows the heater-defroster
system to respond quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach -23°C
(-10°F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for longer than three hours will not harm
the engine, so the heater can be plugged in the night before starting the
vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other reproductive
harm.
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Starting
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped) to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by
keeping all air inlet vents clear of
snow, leaves and other debris.
108
Driving
BRAKES
Your service brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the maintenance guide
and or service guide for scheduled maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent
squeal or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such noises are
usually heard during the first few brake applications in the morning;
however, they may be heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as cold, heat, moisture,
road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking, the brake linings
may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), a noise
from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. The ABS performs a self-check at 17 km/h (10
mph) after you start the engine and begin to drive away. A brief
mechanical noise may be heard during this test. This is normal. If a
malfunction is found, the ABS warning light will come on. If the vehicle
has continuous vibration or shudder in the steering wheel while braking,
the vehicle should be inspected by a qualified service technician.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lockup during brake
applications and compensating for
this tendency. The wheels are
prevented from locking even when
the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during
hard braking with loss of front braking traction.
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Driving
ABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned on and the engine is off. If the light does not
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced.
With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal
BRAKE
braking is still effective unless the
!
brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake
released. (If your brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately).
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the ABS is
required, apply continuous full force on the brake. The ABS will be
activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full steering control
of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient space, will enable you
to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a controlled stop.
• The Anti-Lock system does not decrease the time necessary to apply
the brakes or always reduce stopping distance. Always leave enough
room between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you to stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
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Driving
Parking brake
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked. To set the
parking brake, press the parking
brake pedal down until the pedal
stops.
HOOD
BRAKE
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is released.
BRAKE
!
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that the
gearshift is securely latched in P (Park).
The parking brake is not recommended to stop a moving vehicle.
However, if the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop
your vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the
rear brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will increase greatly and the
handling of your vehicle will be adversely affected.
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Driving
Pull the release lever to release the
brake. Driving with the parking
brake on will cause the brakes to
wear out quickly and reduce fuel
economy.
HOOD
BRAKE
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power steering uses energy
from the engine to help steer the vehicle.
To prevent damage to the power steering pump:
• Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme right or the extreme left
for more than a few seconds when the engine is running.
• Do not operate the vehicle with a low power steering pump fluid level.
If the power steering system breaks down (or if the engine is turned
off), you can steer the vehicle manually, but it takes more effort.
If the steering wanders or pulls, the condition could be caused by any of
the following:
• underinflated tire(s) on any wheel(s)
• high crown in center of road
• high crosswinds
• wheels out of alignment
• loose or worn components in steering linkage
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Driving
Speed sensitive steering
The steering in your vehicle is speed sensitive. At high speeds, steering
assist will decrease to improve steering feel. At lower speeds,
maneuverability will be increased.
If the amount of effort required to steer your vehicle changes at a
constant vehicle speed, have the power steering system checked by your
dealer or a qualified service technician.
AIR SUSPENSION SYSTEM
The air suspension system is designed to improve ride, handling and
general vehicle performance for static, on and off-road driving conditions.
• The load leveling feature of the air suspension automatically keeps the
vehicle at a constant level if a load is added or removed from the
vehicle.
• The height adjustment feature automatically controls the vehicle
height over a range of approximately 5 cm (2 inches) based on vehicle
speed, ignition position and selection of two or four-wheel drive
modes.
• The air suspension automatically puts the vehicle at its lowest height
when ignition if OFF to provide easy entry and exit. When ever a door
is opened (including the liftgate) the system memorizes and maintains
the height of the vehicle until all doors are closed or until vehicle
exceeds 16km/h (10mph).
• The air suspension system raises the vehicle to its normal ride
position when the ignition is turned on, all doors are closed and the
transmission is shifted into gear.
• In 4WD Low the air suspension system will not move to it’s lowest
height. In 4WD Low, the air suspension system raises the vehicle
above the normal ride height at speeds below 40 km/h (25 mph) to
improve ground clearance. In 4WD Low, do not exceed 56 km/h (35
mph).
• When the vehicle is in motion, the air suspension system will adjust
the vehicle’s height according to ground clearance and speed to
maximize ride comfort.
• It is normal to occasionally hear a buzz or clicking from the vehicle’s
air suspension system when the ignition is turned off. The system
stays energized for 40 minutes after the ignition is turned off to
compensate for any load changes made after the vehicle is parked.
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Driving
The air suspension shut-off switch is
located behind an access panel
underneath the passenger side
instrument panel.
On vehicles equipped with
Air Suspension, turn OFF
the Air Suspension switch prior to
jacking, hoisting or towing your
vehicle.
Normal vehicle operation does not
require any action by the driver.
OFF
AIR SUSPENSION
SWITCH
INTERRUPTEUR DE
LA SUSPENSION
PNEUMATIQUE
Check air suspension light
The warning and indicator light CK SUSP illuminates when the air
suspension switch is turned off or an air suspension system fault has
been detected.
If the light is displayed while driving and the air suspension system
switch is not turned off, safely pull off the road at your earliest
convenience. Turn the ignition switch from 4 (On) to 3 (Off) and 4 (On)
again. If the warning light reappears, turn the air suspension switch off
and have the vehicle serviced by a dealer or qualified service technician.
If the vehicle is loaded beyond the recommended maximum payload, the
CK SUSP light may illuminate. To correct this condition, remove or
redistribute the payload according to the recommended requirements
and follow the procedure outlined above.
TRACTION-LOK AXLE (IF EQUIPPED)
This axle provides added traction on slippery surfaces, particularly when
one wheel is on a poor traction surface. Under normal conditions, the
Traction-Lok axle functions like a standard rear axle.
Extended use of other than the manufacturer’s specified size tires on a
Traction-Lok rear axle could result in a permanent reduction in
effectiveness. This loss of effectiveness does not affect normal driving
and should not be noticeable to the driver.
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Driving
To avoid injury, never run the engine with one wheel off the
ground, such as when changing a tire.
TRANSMISSION OPERATION
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift from being moved from P (Park) unless the brake pedal is
depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift out of P (Park) with the brake pedal
depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the
key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake pedal and shift to N
(Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift, it is
possible that a fuse has blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are not
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes. The
transmission and tires may be damaged or the engine may
overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
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Driving
If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp
remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.
See your dealer or a qualified service technician.
Driving with a 4–speed automatic transmission
To account for customer driving habits and conditions, your automatic
transmission electronically controls the shift quality by using an adaptive
learning strategy. The adaptive learning strategy is maintained by power
from the battery. When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is
installed, the transmission must relearn its adaptive strategy. Optimal
shifting will resume within a few hundred kilometers (miles) of
operation.
If the shift quality does not improve within a few hundred
kilometers (miles) of operation, or if the downshifts and other
throttle conditions do not function normally, see your dealer or a
qualified service technician as soon as possible.
Your vehicle’s automatic transmission is also equipped with a special shift
strategy that insures maximum heater performance during cold weather
operation.
When ambient temperature is –5° C (23° F) or below and the engine
coolant temperature is below 38° C (100° F), light throttle upshifts may
be slightly delayed. Once the engine coolant temperature reaches 71° C
(160° F) the normal shift strategy will resume. This is normal operation
and will not affect the function or the durability of the transmission.
If the normal shift strategy does not resume once the engine
coolant temperature reaches the normal operating temperature,
or if the downshifts and other throttle conditions do not function
normally, see your dealer or a qualified service technician as soon
as possible.
Understanding gearshift positions
Pull the gearshift lever towards you and downward to move the
automatic gearshift.
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from P (Park) to another position. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
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Driving
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift is securely latched
in P (Park). This position locks the
transmission and prevents the rear
wheels from turning.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
securely latched in P (Park).
Never leave your vehicle unattended while it is running.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R (Reverse),
the vehicle will move backward.
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into and out of R
(Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in N (Neutral),
the vehicle can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the brake pedal
down while in this gear.
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through four.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the Transmission
Control Switch (TCS) on the end of
the gearshift lever.
OVERDRIVE OFF
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Driving
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) (the word OFF) on the
end of the gearshift lever will
illuminate.
OVERDRIVE
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the Transmission
Control Switch (TCS) on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift
position. The TCIL (the word OFF) will illuminate on the
in the
gearshift lever. Transmission operates in gears one through three.
(Drive) provides more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is
useful when:
• driving with a heavy load.
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills.
• additional engine downhill braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer
to Driving while you tow in the Trailer towing section.
(Overdrive) mode, press the Transmission Control
To return to
Switch (TCS). The TCIL (the word OFF) will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal overdrive mode.
Every time the vehicle is shut off and restarted, you must press the
transmission control switch to cancel overdrive operation if driving in
overdrive is not desired.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades.
1 (First)
Use 1 (Low) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low)
at higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear, and will
shift to 1 (Low) after vehicle decelerates to the proper speed.
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Driving
FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)
When Four–wheel drive (4WD) is engaged, power is supplied to all four
wheels through a transfer case. 4WD power can be selected when
additional driving power is desired.
If equipped with the Electronic Shift 4WD System, and the
instrument panel control is moved to 4WD Low while the vehicle
is moving, the system will not engage and no damage will occur to
the 4WD system.
All utility-type vehicles and 4WD vehicles have special design and
equipment features to make them capable of performing in a wide
variety of off-road applications. Specific design characteristics give them
higher centers of gravity than ordinary passenger cars.
Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not designed for
cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more than
low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns or abrupt maneuvers in these
vehicles.
4WD operation is not recommended on dry pavement. Doing so could
result in difficult disengagement of the transfer case, increased tire wear
and decreased fuel economy.
CONTROL-TRAC AUTOMATIC FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE SYSTEM
(IF EQUIPPED)
Your 4x4 features the heavy-duty Control-Trac system which includes a
computer-operated transfer case. This unique system is interactive with
the road, continually monitoring and adjusting torque delivery to the
front and rear wheels to optimize vehicle control.
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Driving
Positions of the Control-Trac system
The Control-Trac A4WD system
4H
functions in three modes:
A4WD
4L
• A4WD position delivers power to
the rear axle. If the rear wheels
lose traction, power will be
automatically delivered to the
front axle to maintain traction
throughout the slippery condition.
• 4H position provides
mechanically locked four-wheel
drive power delivery to front and rear axles.
• 4L position provides mechanically locked four-wheel drive when above
average power at reduced speeds is required.
Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not designed for
cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more than
low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns or abrupt maneuvers in these
vehicles.
Using the Control-Trac system
Shifting from A4WD to 4H
Move the 4WD control from A4WD
to 4H at any forward speed up to
88 km/h (55 mph).
At temperatures below 0°C (32°F),
shifts from A4WD to 4H should not
be performed above 72 km/h
(45 mph).
120
A4WD
4H
4L
Driving
Shifting from 4H to 4L (and 4L to 4H)
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral).
4. Move the 4WD control to the 4H
(or 4L) position.
Shifting to A4WD
Move the 4WD control back to
A4WD at a stop or at speeds up to
88 km/h (55 mph).
A4WD
A4WD
4H
4L
4H
4L
Driving off-road with 4WD
Your vehicle is specially equipped for driving on sand, snow, mud and
rough terrain and has operating characteristics that are somewhat
different from conventional vehicles, both on and off the road.
Maintain steering wheel control at all times, especially in rough terrain.
Since sudden changes in terrain can result in abrupt steering wheel
motion, make sure you grip the steering wheel from the outside. Do not
grip the spokes.
Drive cautiously to avoid vehicle damage from concealed objects such as
rocks and stumps.
You should either know the terrain or examine maps of the area before
driving. Map out your route before driving in the area. For more
information on driving off-road, read the “Four Wheeling” supplement in
your owner’s portfolio.
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Driving
If your vehicle gets stuck
If the vehicle is stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by shifting
from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a steady
pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes. The
transmission and tires may be damaged or the engine can
overheat.
Do not spin the wheels at over 56 km/h (35 mph). The tires may
fail and injure a passenger or bystander.
Sand
When driving over sand, try to keep all four wheels on the most solid
area of the trail. Do not reduce the tire pressures but shift to a lower
gear and drive steadily through the terrain. Apply the accelerator slowly
and avoid spinning the wheels.
Mud and water
If you must drive through high water, drive slowly. Traction or brake
capability may be limited.
When driving through water, determine the depth; avoid water higher
than the bottom of the hubs (if possible) and proceed slowly. If the
ignition system gets wet, the vehicle may stall.
Once through water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop the
vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by moving
your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake pedal.
After driving through mud, clean off residue stuck to rotating driveshafts,
halfshafts and tires. Excess mud stuck on tires and rotating driveshafts
causes an imbalance that could damage drive components.
If the transmission, transfer case or front axle are submerged in water,
their fluids should be checked and changed, if necessary.
Water intrusion into the transmission may damage the
transmission.
If the rear axle is submerged in water, the rear axle lubricant should be
checked and changed, if necessary. The rear axle is filled with a
synthetic lubricant and does not normally require a lubricant change for
the life of the vehicle. Rear axle lubricant quantities should not need to
be checked unless a leak is suspected.
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Driving
Driving on hilly or sloping terrain
When driving on a hill, avoid driving crosswise or turning on steep
slopes. You could lose traction and slip sideways. Drive straight up,
straight down or avoid the hill completely. Know the conditions on the
other side of a hill before driving over the crest.
When climbing a steep hill, start in a lower gear rather than downshifting
to a lower gear from a higher gear once the ascent has started. This
reduces strain on the engine and the possibility of stalling.
When descending a steep hill, avoid sudden braking. Shift to a lower gear
when added engine braking is desired.
When speed control is on and you are driving uphill, your vehicle speed
may drop considerably, especially if you are carrying a heavy load.
If vehicle speed drops more than 16 km/h (10 mph), the speed control
will cancel automatically. Resume speed with accelerator pedal.
If speed control cancels after climbing the hill, reset speed by pressing
and holding the SET ACCEL button (to resume speeds over 50 km/h
(30 mph).
Automatic transmission may shift frequently while driving up steep
(Overdrive) into
grades. Eliminate frequent shifting by shifting out of
D (Drive).
Driving on snow and ice
A 4WD vehicle has advantages over 2WD vehicles in snow and ice but
can skid like any other vehicle.
Avoid sudden applications of power and quick changes of direction on
snow and ice. Apply the accelerator slowly and steadily when starting
from a full stop.
When braking, apply the brakes as you normally would. In order to allow
the anti-lock brake system (ABS) to operate properly, keep steady
pressure on the brake pedal.
Allow more stopping distance and drive slower than usual. Consider
using one of the lower gears.
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
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Driving
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs.
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
Driving through deep water where the transmission is submerged
may allow water into the transmission and cause internal
transmission damage.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight : Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload : Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, passengers
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) : Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) : Maximum total weight of
the base vehicle, passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) : Carrying capacity for each
axle system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating) : Maximum combined
weight of towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the
trailer. The GCWR indicates the maximum loaded weight that the
vehicle is designed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating : Maximum weight of a trailer the
vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer
towing and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
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Driving
• Maximum Trailer Weight : maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
vehicle (including passengers and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range : Specified weight range that the trailer must
fall within that ranges from zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the Safety
Compliance Certification Label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the originals do
not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
The Certification Label, found on the inside pillar of the driver’s door,
lists several important vehicle weight rating limitations. Before adding
any additional equipment, refer to these limitations. If you are adding
weight to the front of your vehicle, (potentially including weight added
to the cab), the weight added should not exceed the Front Axle Reserve
Capacity (FARC). Additional frontal weight may be added to the front
axle reserve capacity provided you limit your payload in other ways (i.e.
restrict the number of passengers or amount of cargo carried).
You may add equipment throughout your vehicle if the total weight
added is equal to or less than the Total Axle Reserve Capacity (TARC)
weight. You should NEVER exceed the Total Axle Reserve Capacity.
Always ensure that the weight of passengers, cargo and equipment being
carried is within the weight limitations that have been established for
your vehicle including both Gross Vehicle Weight and Front and Rear
Gross Axle Weight Rating limits. Under no circumstance should these
limitations be exceeded. Exceeding any vehicle weight rating limitation
could result in serious damage to the vehicle and/or personal injury.
Calculating the load your vehicle can carry/tow
1. Use the appropriate maximum gross combined weight rating (GCWR)
chart to find the maximum GCWR for your type engine and rear axle
ratio.
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Driving
2. Weigh your vehicle as you customarily operate the vehicle without
cargo. To obtain correct weights, try taking your vehicle to a shipping
company or an inspection station for trucks.
3. Subtract your loaded vehicle weight from the maximum GCWR on the
following charts. This is the maximum trailer weight your vehicle can tow
and must fall below the maximum shown under maximum trailer weight
on the chart.
TRAILER TOWING
Trailer towing puts additional loads on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, axle, brakes, tires, and suspension. For your safety and to
maximize vehicle performance, be sure to use the proper equipment
while towing.
Follow these guidelines to ensure safe towing:
• Stay within your vehicle’s load limits.
• Thoroughly prepare your vehicle for towing. Refer to Preparing to
tow in this chapter.
• Use extra caution when driving while trailer towing. Refer to Driving
while you tow in this chapter.
• Service your vehicle more frequently if you tow a trailer. Refer to the
severe duty schedule in the “Service Guide”.
• Do not tow a trailer until your vehicle has been driven at least 800 km
(500 miles).
• Refer to the instructions included with towing accessories for the
proper installation and adjustment specifications.
Your vehicle is pre-wired for trailer towing. An electrical connector is
provided under the instrument panel for installing a customer-supplied
electric brake controller. Another electrical connector is provided at the
hitch. This connector provides power to the trailer for taillamps, stop
and turn lamps, back up lamps, battery charge, electric brakes (when a
customer provided controller is installed) and ground. The kit included
with your vehicle provides you with adaptors to attach the brake
controller and convert the hitch connector for Class I trailer usage.
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Driving
Trailer towing
Trailer towing table
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer weights
Rear
Maximum
Trailer weight range
Engine
axle
GCWR
(0-maximum)
ratio
4x2
5 432 kg
5.4L-2V
3.31
0-2 994 kg (0-6 600 lb)
(12 000 lb)
6 111 kg
5.4L-2V
3.73
0-3 629 kg (0-8 000 lb)
(13 500 lb)
4x2 with 16 inch wheels
6 564 kg
5.4L-4V
3.73
0-4 006 kg (0-8 850 lb)
(14 500 lb)
4x4 with 16 inch wheels
6 111 kg
5.4L-2V
3.73
0-3 493 (0-7 700 lb)
(13 500 lb)
6 564 kg
5.4L-4V
3.73
0-3 946 (0-8 700 lb)
(14 500 lb)
4x4 with 17 inch wheels
5 885 kg
5.4- 2V
3.73
0-3 266 (0-7 200 lb)
(13 000 lb)
6 338 kg
0-3 719 (0-8 200 lb)
5.4L-4V
3.73
(14 000 lb)
Maximum frontal area of trailer is 5.6 square meters (60 square feet)
Do not exceed the maximum loads listed on the Safety Compliance
Certification label. For load specification terms found on the label, refer
to Vehicle loading in this chapter. Remember to figure in the tongue
load of your loaded trailer when figuring the total weight.
Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
weight exceeds the limit of the vehicle and could result in
engine damage, transmission damage, structural damage, loss of control
and personal injury.
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Driving
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
Do not use hitches that clamp onto the vehicle’s bumper or attach to the
axle. You must distribute the load in your trailer so that 10% of the total
weight of the trailer is on the tongue.
Load equalizing hitch
When hooking up a trailer using a load equalizing hitch, always use the
following procedure:
1. Park the unloaded vehicle on a level surface. With the ignition on and
all doors closed, allow the vehicle to stand for several minutes so that it
can level.
2. Turn the air suspension (if equipped) control to OFF.
3. Measure the height of a reference point on the front and rear bumpers
at the center of the vehicle.
4. Attach the trailer to the vehicle and adjust the hitch equalizers so that
the front bumper height is within 0–13 mm (0.5 in) of the reference
point. After proper adjustment, the rear bumper should be no higher
than in Step 3.
5. Turn the air suspension (if equipped) control to ON.
Adjusting an equalizing hitch so the rear bumper of the vehicle
is lower or higher than it was unloaded will defeat the function
of the load equalizing hitch and may cause unpredictable handling.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the vehicle. To connect the
trailer’s safety chains, cross the chains under the trailer tongue and allow
slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
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Driving
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type brakes are safe if
installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s specifications. The
trailer brakes must meet local and Federal regulations.
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
Driving while you tow
Do not drive faster than 88 km/h (55 mph) when towing a trailer.
Speed control may shut off if you are towing on long, steep grades.
When towing a trailer:
• Use a lower gear when towing up or down steep hills. This will
eliminate excessive downshifting and upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transmission cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
Exceeding the GCWR rating may cause internal transmission
damage and void your warranty coverage.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to your maintenance guide and or
service guide for more information.
Towing behind another vehicle
Do not tow your vehicle behind another vehicle, such as an RV.
Your vehicle cannot be flat-towed with all wheels on the ground.
129
Driving
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up in an area before starting on
a trip to get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning,
make wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other
obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10% of the loaded trailer weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in hot weather, place
the gearshift in P (Park) and increase idle speed. This aids engine
cooling and air conditioner efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
Launching or retrieving a boat
When backing down a ramp during boat launching or retrieval,
• Do not allow the static water level to rise above the bottom edge of
the rear bumper and
• Do not allow waves to break higher than 15 cm (six inches) above the
bottom edge of the rear bumper.
Exceeding these limits may allow water to enter critical vehicle
components, adversely affecting driveability, emissions, reliability and
causing internal transmission damage.
Replace the rear axle lubricant anytime the axle has been submerged in
water. Rear axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked or changed
unless a leak is suspected or repair required.
Disconnect the wiring to the trailer before backing the trailer into the
water. Reconnect the wiring to the trailer after the trailer is removed
from the water.
130
Driving
LUGGAGE RACK (IF EQUIPPED)
The rear crossbar can be adjusted to fit the item being carried. The front
crossbar does not move.
To adjust cross-bar position:
1. Loosen the thumbscrews at both
ends of the rear cross-bar.
2. Slide the cross-bar to the desired
location.
3. Tighten the thumbscrews at both
ends of the cross-bar.
Load luggage at the front crossbar and adjust the rear crossbar as
necessary.
• Do not exceed 90.7 kg (200 lb) of luggage if the weight is placed
directly on the crossbars.
• Do not exceed 68 kg (150 lb) if the weight is resting directly on the
roof.
131
Roadside emergencies
HAZARD FLASHER
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate all hazard flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the
flashers off.
FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not start, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated. The shut-off switch is a device
intended to stop the electric fuel pump when your vehicle has been
involved in a substantial jolt.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in the reset button.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
132
Roadside emergencies
The fuel pump shut-off switch is
located in the passenger’s foot well,
behind the kick panel.
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
15
15
Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause
severe wire damage and could start a fire.
133
Roadside emergencies
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
COLOR
Fuse
Rating
Mini
Fuses
Standard
Fuses
Maxi
Fuses
2A
3A
4A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
20A
25A
30A
40A
50A
60A
70A
80A
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Yellow
—
Green
Orange
Red
Blue
Tan
Natural
Cartrigde
Fuse Link
Maxi
Cartridge
Fuses
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
Blue
—
—
Pink
Pink
Green
Orange
Red
Red
—
Yellow
—
Brown
—
Black
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located below and to the left of the steering wheel by
the brake pedal. Remove the panel cover to access the fuses.
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.
134
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
20
21
10
11
31
30
9
RELAY
5
29
19
8
27
28
18
7
RELAY
4
RELAY
3
RELAY
2
RELAY
1
6
17
26
16
5
25
15
4
24
14
13
2
3
12
FUSE1
23
22
The fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
25A
Audio
5A
Clock, Overhead Trip Computer, Electronic
Automatic Temperature Control (EATC),
Powertrain Control Module (PCM), Cluster
20A
Cigar Lighter, OBD-II Scan Tool Connector
15A
Autolamp Module, Remote Entry Module,
Mirrors, Memory Module, Adjustable
Pedals, Air Suspension Switch
15A
AC Clutch Relay, Speed Control Module,
Reverse Lamp, EVO Module, Climate Mode
Switch, Daytime Running Lamp Relay
135
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
136
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
5A
Cluster, Overhead Trip Computer, Compass,
Steering Sensor, Brake Shift Interlock
Solenoid, Air Suspension Module, GEM
Module
5A
Aux A/C Blower Relay, Console Blower
5A
Radio, Remote Entry Module, Cell Phone,
Clock, GEM Module
—
Not Used
—
Not Used
30A
Front Washer Pump Relay, Wiper Run/Park
Relay, Wiper Hi/LO Relay, Windshield Wiper
Motor, Rear Washer Pump Relay
—
Not Used
20A
Stop Lamp Switch (Lamps), Turn/Hazard
Flasher, Speed Control Module
15A
Rear Wipers, Running Board Lamps,
Battery Saver Relay, Interior Lamp Relay,
Accessory Delay Relay (Power Windows,
Flip Windows, Audio)
5A
Stop Lamp Switch, (Speed Control, Brake
Shift Interlock, ABS, PCM Module Inputs),
GEM Module
20A
Headlamps (Hi Beams), Cluster (Hi Beam
Indicator)
10A
Heated Mirrors/Rear Window Defroster
Indicator
5A
Instrument Illumination (Dimmer Switch
Power), Clock (Dimmer)
—
Not Used
5A
Audio, Four Wheel Air Suspension (4WAS)
Module, Memory Module, GEM Module,
Digital Transmission Range Selector
15A
Starter Relay, Fuse 20
10A
Air Bag Module
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Relay
Relay
Relay
Relay
Relay
1
2
3
4
5
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
10A
Electrochromic Mirror, Aux A/C, Heated
Seats, Trailer Tow Battery Charge,
Turn/Hazard Flasher, Console Blower Door
Actuator
10A
Climate Mode Switch (Blower Relay),
EATC (via fuse 7), EATC Blower Relay
5A
4 Wheel Anti-Lock Brake System (4WABS)
Module
10A
Right Side Low Beam Headlamp
5A
Foglamp Relay and Foglamp Indicator
10A
Left Side Low Beam Headlamp
5A
Autolamp Module, Transmission Overdrive
Control Switch
30A
Passive Anti Theft Transceiver, Cluster,
Ignition Coils, Powertrain Control Module
Relay
10A
Rear Integrated Control Panel (Audio), CD
Player, Cell Phone
—
Interior Lamp Relay
—
Battery Saver Relay
—
Rear Window Defroster Relay
—
One Touch Down Window Relay
—
ACC Delay Relay
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is
located in the engine compartment
near the battery. The power
distribution box contains
high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems
from overloads.
137
138
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
Fuse Amp
Rating
25A *
30A*
30A*
25A*
20A*
15A*
Description
Power Point
Powertrain Control Module
Headlamps/Autolamps
Console Powerpoint
Trailer Tow Backup/Park Lamps
Parklamps/Autolamps
FUSE 1 FUSE 2
FUSE 3 FUSE 4
FUSE 5 FUSE 6
FUSE 7 FUSE 8
FUSE 9 FUSE 10
FUSE 11 FUSE 12
FUSE 13 FUSE 14
FUSE 15 FUSE 16
FUSE 17 FUSE 18
FULL
RELAY 301
MAXI
FUSE
108
MAXI
FUSE
107
MAXI
FUSE
104
MAXI
FUSE
112
MAXI
FUSE
111
MAXI
FUSE
103
MAXI
FUSE
116
HALF
RELAY
202
MAXI
FUSE
102
MAXI
FUSE
101
MAXI
FUSE
110
MAXI
FUSE
114
MAXI
FUSE
118
MAXI
FUSE
106
CB602
HALF
RELAY
204
HALF
RELAY 206
HALF
RELAY 209
MAXI
FUSE
105
MAXI
FUSE
109
MAXI
FUSE
113
D 503
FULL
RELAY 304
D 502
HALF
RELAY
203
MAXI
FUSE
117
HALF
RELAY 205
MAXI
FUSE
115
CB601
HALF
RELAY
201
HALF
RELAY
207
D 501
HALF
RELAY 208
FULL
RELAY 303
R 401
FUSE 19 FUSE 20
FULL
RELAY 302
FUSE 23 FUSE 24
FUSE 21 FUSE 22
HALF
RELAY
210
HALF
RELAY
212
HALF
RELAY
211
HALF
RELAY
213
Roadside emergencies
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power Distribution Box before
reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
The high-current fuses are coded as follows:
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Fuse Amp
Rating
20A*
30A*
15A*
20A*
20A*
10A*
—
—
10A*
—
10A*
15A*
19
20
21
22
23
10A*
10A*
—
—
15A*
24
15A*
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
30A**
50A**
50A*
30A**
40A**
—
30A**
30A**
50A**
30A**
Description
Horn
Power Door Locks
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL), Fog Lamps
Fuel Pump
Alternator Field
Rear Wipers
Not Used
Not Used
Running Board Lamps
Not Used
Delayed Accessory (Audio, Moonroof)
Powertrain Control Module, Fuel Injectors,
Fuel Pump, Mass Air Flow Sensor
Trailer Tow Stop and Right Turn Lamp
Trailer Tow Stop and Left Turn Lamp
Not Used
Not Used
Powertrain Control Module, HEGO Sensors,
Canister Vent
Powertrain C ontrol Module, Transmission,
CMS Sensor
Trailer Tow Battery Charge
Four Wheel Antilock Brake Module
Junction Box Battery Feed
4x4 Shift Motor & Clutch
Climate Control Front Blower
Not Used
Passenger Power Seat
Trailer Tow Electric Brake
Air Suspension Compressor
Moonroof, Flip Windows and Heated Seats
139
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
301
302
303
304
401
501
502
140
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
50A**
Ignition Switch Battery Feed (Run and
Start Circuits)
30A**
Memory (Drivers Seat, Adjustable Pedals,
Mirrors)
50A**
Ignition Switch Battery Feed (Run and
Accessory Circuits)
30A**
Climate Control Auxilary Blower
—
Not Used
40A**
Rear Window Defroster, Heated Mirrors
—
Not Used
—
Not Used
—
Trailer Tow Park Lamp Relay
—
Front Wiper Run/Park Relay
—
Trailer Tow Backup Lamp Relay
—
A/C Clutch Relay
—
Horn Relay
—
Fog Lamp Relay
—
Front Washer Pump Relay
—
Rear Washer Pump Relay
—
Front Wiper Hi/Lo Relay
—
Not Used
—
Not Used
—
Rear Wiper Up Relay
—
Rear Wiper Down Relay
—
Fuel Pump Relay
—
Trailer Tow Battery Charge Relay
—
Not Used
—
Powertrain Control Module Relay
—
Not Used
—
Powertrain Control Module Diode
—
A/C Clutch Diode
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
503
601
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
—
Not Used
30A
Delayed Accessory (Power Windows, Flip
Windows, Radio)
602
—
Not Used
*Mini fuses **Maxi fuses
Relays
Relays are located in the power distribution box and should be replaced
by qualified technicians.
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Spare tire information
Your vehicle is equipped with a spare tire that may be used as a spare or
a regular tire. The spare is identical to the other tires on your vehicle,
although the wheel trim may not match.
Location of the spare tire and tools
The spare tire and tools for your vehicle are stowed in the following
locations:
Item
Spare tire
Location
Under the vehicle, just forward of the rear
bumper
Jack, wheel nut wrench, Behind the access panel located on the
instructions, work gloves right rear quarter panel interior trim
Jack handle
On top of the radiator support at the front
of the engine compartment
141
Roadside emergencies
Removing the jack handle
1. Open the hood.
2. Un-snap the end of the handle that is retained by the clip on the top
of the windshield washer bottle.
3. Un-snap the shaft of the handle from the two retaining clips attached
to the top of the radiator shroud.
Removing the jack and tools
1. Locate the access panel on the right rear quarter panel interior trim.
Lift and rotate the two panel retaining clips and remove the panel.
2. Un-snap the wheel lug nut wrench, instructions and work gloves from
their retaining bracket.
3. Remove the jack by turning the thumbwheel counterclockwise to
relieve tension against the stowage bracket.
Removing the spare tire
1. Open the liftgate.
2. Insert the straight end of the jack
handle into the rear access hole
located just above the rear bumper.
Forward motion will stop and
resistance to turning will be felt
when properly engaged.
3. Turn the handle counterclockwise
until tire is lowered to the ground
and the cable is slightly slack.
4. Remove the retainer from the spare tire.
142
Roadside emergencies
Stowing the spare
1. Lay the tire on the ground with the outboard side facing up.
2. Install the retainer through the
wheel center and slide the wheel
under the vehicle.
3. Turn the spare handle clockwise
until the tire is raised to its original
position underneath the vehicle. The
spare handle ratchets when the tire
is raised to the stowed position. It
will not allow you to overtighten.
Tire change procedure
To prevent the vehicle from moving when you change a tire, be
sure the parking brake is set, then block (in both directions) the
wheel that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of the vehicle) to
the tire being changed.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
seriously injured.
Refer to the instruction sheet (located behind the interior trim access
panel with the jack) for detailed tire change instructions.
1. Park on a level surface, activate
hazard flashers and set the parking
brake.
2. Place gearshift lever in P (Park)
and turn engine OFF.
HOOD
BRAKE
143
Roadside emergencies
3. Block the diagonally opposite
wheel.
4. Obtain the spare tire and jack
from their storage locations.
5. Use the tip of the lug wrench to
remove any wheel trim.
6. Loosen each wheel lug nut
one-half turn counterclockwise but
do not remove them until the wheel
is raised off the ground.
7. Turn OFF the air suspension
switch.
8. Position the jack according to the
following guides and turn the jack
handle clockwise until the wheel is
completely off the ground.
When one of the rear
wheels is off the ground,
the transmission alone will not
prevent the vehicle from moving
or slipping off the jack, even if the
transmission is in P (Park). To
prevent the vehicle from moving
when you change the tire, be sure
that the parking brake is set and
the diagonally opposite wheel is
blocked. If the vehicle slips off the
jack, someone could be seriously
injured.
144
OFF
AIR SUSPENSION
SWITCH
INTERRUPTEUR DE
LA SUSPENSION
PNEUMATIQUE
Roadside emergencies
• Front (4x2)
• Front (4x4)
• Rear
145
Roadside emergencies
To lessen the risk of
personal injury, do not put
any part of your body under the
vehicle while changing a tire. Do
not start the engine when your
vehicle is on the jack. The jack is
only meant for changing the tire.
• Never use the front or rear
differential as a jacking point.
9. Remove the lug nuts with the lug wrench.
10. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making sure the valve stem
is facing outward. Reinstall the lug nuts until the wheel is snug against
the hub. Do not fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel has been
lowered.
11. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
12. Remove the jack and fully
1
tighten the lug nuts in the order
shown.
3
4
13. Stow the flat tire. Refer to
Stowing the spare.
14. Stow the jack and lug wrench.
Make sure the jack is fastened so it
5
2
does not rattle when you drive.
15. Unblock the wheels.
16. Turn on the air suspension switch.
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
Do not push start your vehicle. You could damage the catalytic
converter.
146
Roadside emergencies
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can burn skin, eyes, and
clothing, if contacted.
Do not attempt to push start your vehicle. Automatic
transmissions do not have push-start capability.
Preparing your vehicle
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake on
both vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving
parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
Connecting the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the positive (+) terminal of
the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.
147
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposed
metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor.
148
Roadside emergencies
The preferred locations of an exposed metal part (to ground the circuit)
are the alternator mounting brackets or an engine lifting eye. Do not
use fuel lines, engine rocker covers or the intake manifold as grounding
points.
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
5. Be sure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts and other moving
parts of both engines.
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine at
moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for a
further three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they were
connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.
149
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of the
booster vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the booster
vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the
disabled vehicle’s battery.
150
Roadside emergencies
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cables
removed, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer can
relearn its idle conditions.
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center.
If equipped with air suspension, the air suspension control must be
turned to the OFF position.
The Ford approved towing procedure is flatbed or wheel lift with
dollies.
On 4x2 vehicles, it is acceptable to tow the vehicle with the front wheels
on the ground (without dollies) and the rear wheels off the ground.
On 4x4 vehicles, it is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a
wheel lift or flatbed equipment with all the wheels off the ground.
If the vehicle is towed by other means or incorrectly, vehicle
damage may occur.
151
Roadside emergencies
Do not tow with slingbelt equipment. Ford Motor Company has not
developed or approved a T-hook or slingbelt towing procedure.
A towing manual is available from Ford Motor Company for all authorized
tow truck operators. Have your tow truck driver refer to this manual for
proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
152
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a service guide and or maintenance guide which makes
tracking routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
necessary parts and service. Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, make sure that loose clothing, jewelry or
long hair does not get caught up in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in Battery
in this chapter.
Working with the engine off
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
153
Maintenance and care
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
bottom left corner of the instrument
panel.
HOOD
BRAKE
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and
release the auxiliary latch located
under the front of the hood, just
above the passenger side headlamp.
Slide the yellow handle to release
the auxiliary latch.
3. Lift the hood until the lift
cylinders hold it open.
154
Maintenance and care
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
5.4L 2V V8 engine
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
9
1. Battery
2. Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
3. Engine oil filler cap
4. Engine oil dipstick
5. Power steering fluid reservoir
6. Brake fluid reservoir
7. Power distribution box
8. Air filter assembly
9. Engine coolant reservoir
10. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
155
Maintenance and care
5.4L 4V V8 engine
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
9
1. Battery
2. Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
3. Engine oil filler cap
4. Power steering fluid reservoir
5. Engine oil dipstick
6. Brake fluid reservoir
7. Power distribution box
8. Air filter assembly
9. Engine coolant reservoir
10. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the appropriate intervals
for checking the engine oil.
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
156
Maintenance and care
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the
engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
MIN
MAX
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is between the MIN and MAX marks, the oil level is
acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
• If the oil level is below the MIN
mark, add enough oil to raise the
level within the MIN-MAX range.
• Oil levels above the MAX mark may cause engine damage. Some oil
must be removed from the engine by a service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
157
Maintenance and care
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the MIN and MAX ranges, add only
certified engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil
filler cap and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the
MAX mark on the dipstick.
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this certification mark.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline engines by the American
Petroleum Institute.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, startup
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
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Maintenance and care
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed. Refer to the
Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
the service interval schedules:
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid until
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
MAX
above this line.
MIN
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid
certified to meet Ford specifications.
Refer to Lubricant specifications in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Brake fluid is toxic.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the fluid level in the reservoir for the master cylinder
fall below the MIN mark. If master cylinder runs dry, this may
cause the brakes to fail.
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Maintenance and care
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
Checking and adding washer fluid
Check the washer fluid whenever
you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
highlighted with a
symbol.
If the level is low, add enough fluid
to fill the reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the reservoir all
the way.
Do not put engine coolant in the container for the windshield
washer fluid.
Checking and adding washer fluid for the liftgate
Washer fluid for the liftgate is supplied by the same reservoir as the
windshield.
ENGINE COOLANT
Check the level of the engine
coolant in the reservoir. Refer to the
Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
service interval schedules. Be sure
to read and understand Precautions
when servicing your vehicle in
this chapter.
COLD FILL
RANGE
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Maintenance and care
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,
the engine coolant reservoir may become empty. If this occurs, add
engine coolant to the reservoir. For more information on engine coolant
maintenance, refer to Adding engine coolant in this chapter.
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine coolant,
antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its specified function and
vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
Do not put engine coolant in the reservoir for the windshield
washer fluid.
Do not mix conventional green coolant, orange coolant or
recycled coolants together in your vehicle. Use only the type of
coolant that your vehicle was originally equipped with. If you are
unsure which type of coolant your vehicle requires, contact your
local dealer.
If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could make it difficult to see
through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
water to the engine coolant reservoir. Add straight water only in an
emergency, but you should replace it with a 50/50 mixture of coolant and
distilled water as soon as possible.
Check the coolant level in the coolant reservoir the next few times you
drive the vehicle. If necessary, add enough of a 50/50 mixture of coolant
and water to bring the liquid level into the cold fill range on the
reservoir.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
If you must remove the coolant reservoir cap, follow these steps to avoid
personal injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the cap. Slowly
turn cap counterclockwise until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
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Maintenance and care
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
Change your engine coolant according to the appropriate schedule listed
in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Before adding engine coolant, check the color of the coolant in your
vehicle.
For vehicles with green coolant, use Ford Premium Cooling System
Fluid E2FZ-19549–AA (in Canada, Motorcraft CXC-8–B) or an equivalent
premium engine coolant that meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44–A.
Do not add orange coolant or recycled coolant to your vehicle
originally equipped with conventional green coolant.
For vehicles with orange coolant, use Ford Extended Life Engine
Coolant F6AZ-19544–AA or a DEX-COOLt equivalent that meets Ford
specification WSS-M97B44–D.
Do not add conventional green coolant or recycled coolant to
your vehicle originally equipped with orange coolant.
Do not use alcohol or methanol antifreeze or any engine coolants mixed
with alcohol or methanol antifreeze. Do not use supplemental coolant
additives in your vehicle. These additives may harm your engine cooling
system. The use of an improper coolant may void your warranty of your
vehicle’s engine cooling system.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends that Ford and Lincoln-Mercury
dealers use recycled engine coolant produced by Ford-approved
processes.
For vehicles with green coolant, not all coolant recycling processes
produce coolant which meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44–A, and use
of such coolant may harm engine and cooling system components.
For vehicles with orange coolant, no recycling process has been
approved at this time and use of such coolant may harm engine and
cooling system components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling and
disposing of automotive fluids.
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Maintenance and care
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system for leaks if you have
to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month.
Severe winter climate
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36°C [–34°F]), it may
be necessary to increase the coolant concentration above 50%. Refer to
the chart on the coolant container to ensure the coolant concentration in
your vehicle is such that the coolant will not freeze at the temperature
level in which you drive during winter months. Never increase the engine
coolant concentration above 60%. Leave a 50/50 mixture of engine
coolant and water in your vehicle year-round in non-extreme climates.
What you should know about fail-safe cooling
If the engine coolant supply is depleted, this feature allows the vehicle to
be driven temporarily before incremental component damage is incurred.
The “fail-safe” distance depends on ambient temperatures, vehicle load
and terrain.
How fail-safe cooling works
If the engine begins to overheat:
• the engine coolant temperature
gauge will move to the red (hot)
area.
symbol will illuminate.
• the
symbol will illuminate.
• the
• the Service Engine Soon
indicator light will illuminate.
If the engine reaches a preset over-temperature condition, the engine
will automatically switch to alternating cylinder operation. Each disabled
cylinder acts as an air pump and cools the engine.
When this occurs the vehicle will still operate, however:
• the engine power will be limited.
• the air conditioning system will be disabled.
H
C
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Maintenance and care
Continued operation will increase the engine temperature:
• the engine will completely shut down.
• steering and braking effort will increase.
Once the engine temperature cools, the engine can be re-started. Take
your vehicle to a service facility as soon as possible to minimize engine
damage.
When fail-safe mode is activated
You have limited engine power when in the fail-safe mode, so drive the
vehicle with caution. The vehicle will not be able to maintain high speed
operation and the engine will run rough. Remember that the engine is
capable of completely shutting down automatically to prevent engine
damage, therefore:
1. Pull off the road as soon as safely possible and turn off the engine.
2. Arrange for the vehicle to be taken to a service facility.
3. If this is not possible, wait a short period for the engine to cool.
4. Check the coolant level and replenish if low.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
5. Re start the engine and take your vehicle to a service facility.
Driving the vehicle without repairing the engine problem
increases the chance of engine damage. Take your vehicle to a
service facility as soon as possible.
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance
Guide for the service interval schedules. If adding fluid is necessary, use
only Ford Premium Power Steering Fluid.
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Maintenance and care
1. Start the engine and let it run
until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant
temperature gauge indicator will be
near the center of the normal area
between H and C).
2. While the engine idles, turn the
steering wheel left and right several
times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. Check the fluid level in the
reservoir. It should be between the
MIN and MAX lines. Do not add
fluid if the level is in this range.
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in
small amounts, continuously
checking the level until it reaches
the range between the MIN and
MAX lines. Be sure to put the cap
back on the reservoir.
MAX
MIN
MAX
MIN
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid
Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide for scheduled intervals for
fluid checks and changes. Your transmission does not consume fluid.
However, the fluid level should be checked if the transmission is not
working properly, i.e., if the transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you
notice some sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an
accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is warmed up
(approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been operated for
an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot weather or
pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off for about 30 minutes to
allow fluid to cool before checking.
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Maintenance and care
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear
ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in
the designated areas for normal and room temperature.
Low fluid level
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is at the bottom of the dipstick
and the outside temperatures are
above 10°C (50°F).
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating
temperatures 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal
operating temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km
(20 miles) of driving. However, you can check the fluid without driving if
the outside temperatures are above 10°C (50°F). If fluid is added at this
time, an overfill condition could result when the vehicle reaches normal
operating temperature.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]).
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at room temperature
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]).
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Maintenance and care
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the safe range
may result in transmission failure.
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
An overfill condition of transmission
fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition.
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and/or dipstick handle
and also in the Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and
specifications chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause
internal transmission component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
should be removed by a qualified
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
technician.
An overfill condition of
transmission fluid may cause shift and/or engagement concerns
and/or possible damage.
DRIVELINE UNIVERSAL JOINT AND SLIP YOKE
Your vehicle may be equipped with universal joints that require
lubrication. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for maintenance
intervals. If the original universal joints are replaced with universal joints
equipped with grease fittings, lubrication will also be necessary.
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Maintenance and care
BATTERY
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Motorcraft maintenance-free battery
which normally does not require
additional water during its life of
service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature climates, check the
battery electrolyte level. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
the service interval schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the “level indicator”.
Do not overfill the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery
cells with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the
charging system checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water.
Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause
personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted
substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,
always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper
ventilation.
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Maintenance and care
When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the
end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,
resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.
Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite
corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric
acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes
when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of
acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush
immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled by a computer,
some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. When
the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the engine must
relearn its idle and fuel trim strategy for optimum driveability and
performance. To begin this process:
1. Set your parking brake.
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park), turn off all accessories and start the
engine.
3. Let the engine idle for at least one minute.
4. The relearning process will automatically complete as you drive the
vehicle.
• The vehicle may need to be driven 16 km (10 miles) or more to
relearn the idle and fuel trim strategy.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle trim, the idle quality
of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle trim is
eventually relearned.
If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,
the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once the battery is
reconnected.
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Maintenance and care
R
TU
LE
AD
RE
N
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your local authorized
standards for disposal. Call your
local authorized recycling center
to find out more about recycling
automotive batteries.
RECYCLE
AIR CLEANER FILTER MAINTENANCE
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the appropriate intervals
for changing the air cleaner filter.
For information on replacement air filter elements, refer to the
Capacities and specifications chapter.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
CHANGING THE AIR FILTER
1. Loosen the clamp that secures
the air filter element in place.
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Maintenance and care
2. Carefully separate the two halves
of the air filter housing.
3. Remove the air filter element
from the open end of the air filter
housing.
4. Install a new air filter element. Be
careful not to crimp the filter
element edges between the air filter
housing. This could cause filter
damage and allow unmetered air to
enter the engine if not properly seated.
5. Replace the two halves of the air filter housing and secure the clamp.
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when they seem less
effective. Substances such as tree sap and some hot wax treatments used
by commercial car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and
wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
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Maintenance and care
Changing the wiper blades
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
windshield and lock into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the blade and
pull the wiper blade down toward
the windshield to remove it from the
arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
INFORMATION ABOUT TIRE QUALITY GRADES
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have their Tire Quality Grade
(described below) molded into the
tire’s sidewall. These Tire Quality
Grades are determined by standards
that the United States Department
of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new
pneumatic tires for use on
passenger cars. They do not apply
to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
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Maintenance and care
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire grade 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
grade 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction AA A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. Those
grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on
straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include
acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
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Maintenance and care
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km
(3 miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the Tire
Pressure Label.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the maintenance guide and or service guide. If you
notice that the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
• Four tire rotation
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Maintenance and care
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier for the driver to lose
control and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow
tires and chains.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:
• Use only cable type chains offered by Ford as an accessory or
equivalent. SAE class “S” or other conventional link type chains may
contact and cause damage to the vehicle’s wheel house and/or body.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your
vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove
the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
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Maintenance and care
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use
tire chains on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when
using snow tires and chains.
• Do not exceed 48 km/h (30 mph) with tire chains on your vehicle.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
If you do not use the proper fuel cap, the pressure in the fuel
tank can damage the fuel system or cause it to work improperly
in a collision.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel cap is venting
vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops before
completely removing the cap.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. Fuel such as
gasoline is highly toxic and if
swallowed can cause death or
permanent injury. If fuel is
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Maintenance and care
•
•
•
•
swallowed, call a physician immediately, even if no symptoms are
immediately apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for
hours.
Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind
can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,
excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious
illness and permanent injury.
Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and
seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could
lead to permanent injury.
Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated
clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or
prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors,
or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In sensitive
individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If fuel is
splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap and
water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an adverse
reaction.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Do not use gasolines containing methanol. It can damage critical fuel
systems components.
Vehicles certified to meet California emission standards (indicated on the
underhood Vehicle Emissions Control Information label) are designed to
operate on California cleaner-burning, low-sulfur gasolines. If you have a
California-certified vehicle and California cleaner—burning gasoline is not
available when you refuel, your engine should perform adequately.
However, the performance of the emission control devices and systems
may be adversely affected. In New York and Massachusetts, which have
adopted California’s emission standards without requiring the sale of
California cleaner-burning gasoline, repairs to correct the effects of using
non-California fuel may not be covered by the emissions warranty.
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Maintenance and care
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing (MMT).
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle was
not designed may not be covered by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is designed to use
“Regular” unleaded gasoline with an
(R+M)/2 octane rating of 87. We do
not recommend the use of gasolines
(R+M)/2 METHOD
labeled as “Regular” that are sold
with octane ratings of 86 or lower in high altitude areas.
If there is a “Premium Fuel
Recommended/Required” label in
the fuel filler door area, your vehicle
is designed to use “Premium”
(R+M)/2 METHOD
gasoline with an (R+M)/2 octane
rating of 91 or higher for optimum performance. Gasolines with lower
octane ratings can be used, but performance may decrease. We do not
recommend the use of gasolines labeled as “Premium” in high altitude
areas that are sold with octane ratings of less than 91.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes knocks lightly. However, if
it knocks heavily under most driving conditions while you are using fuel
with the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician to prevent any engine damage.
87
91
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded
gasoline. “Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended (particularly
in the United States) because it may cause these problems to become
more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
The American Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA) issued a
fuel specification to provide information on high quality fuels that
optimize the performance of your vehicle. We recommend the use of
fuels that meet the AAMA specification if they are available.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use a high-quality fuel.
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Maintenance and care
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of gasolines to improve air quality, including
reformulated gasolines that contain oxygenates up to 10% ethanol or
15% MTBE.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out fuel because this situation may have an adverse affect
on modern powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to crank the engine several times before the system
starts to pump fuel from the tank to the engine.
• Your “Service Engine Soon” light may come on. For more information
on the “Service Engine Soon” light, refer to the Instrumentation
chapter.
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with a one-eighth turn
on/off feature.
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/8 of a turn until it
stops.
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with the notches on the
filler pipe.
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/8 of a turn until it stops.
If the “Service Engine Soon/Check Engine “ indicator comes on and stays
on when you start the engine, the fuel filler cap may not be properly
installed. Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap and reinstall it
being careful to align the cap properly.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with a genuine
Ford or Motorcraft part. The customer warranty may be void for
any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if a genuine Ford or
Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
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Maintenance and care
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, the pressure in the
fuel tank can damage the fuel system or cause it to work
improperly in a collision.
Fuel Filter
Your vehicle is equipped with a fuel filter that is mounted on the
underbody.
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service
technician. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the
appropriate intervals for changing the fuel filter.
If you replace the fuel filter, replace it with an authorized
Motorcraft part. The customer warranty may be void for any
damage to the fuel system if an authorized Motorcraft fuel filter
is not used.
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, the
driver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently as
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fillups or fuel gauge readings are
NOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommend
taking fuel economy measurements during the first 1 600 km (1 000
miles) of driving (engine break-in period). You will get a more accurate
measurement after 3 000 km–5 000 km (2 000 miles-3 000 miles).
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal to
the rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Refill Capacities
chart in this “Owner Guide.” The advertised capacity is the amount of
the Indicated Capacity and the Empty Reserve combined. Indicated
Capacity is the difference in the amount of fuel in a full tank and a tank
when the fuel gauge indicates empty. Empty Reserve is the small amount
of usable fuel remaining in the fuel tank after the fuel gauge indicates
empty.
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Maintenance and care
The amount of Empty Reserve varies and should not be relied
upon to increase driving range. When refueling your vehicle after
the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be able to refuel
the full amount of the advertised capacity of the fuel tank due to
the empty reserve still present in the tank.
Filling the tank
For consistent results:
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each time
the tank is filled.
• Allow three automatic click-offs when filling.
• Always use the recommended octane rating of a known quality
gasoline, preferably a national brand.
• Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the
same direction each time you fill up.
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading.
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and record
the current kilometer (mileage) reading.
4. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fuel
economy:
Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total kilometers
traveled.
Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (city
or highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel
economy. Additionally, keeping records during summer and winter will
show how temperature impacts fuel economy. In general, lower
temperatures give lower fuel economy.
181
Maintenance and care
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to change
a number of variables and improve your fuel economy.
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel
economy.
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may waste
fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Drive at reasonable speeds (traveling at 105 km /h [65 mph] uses 15%
more fuel than traveling at 88 km/h [55 mph]).
• Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.
• Use of the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.
• Use of speed control (if equipped) may improve fuel economy. Speed
control can help maintain a constant speed and reduce speed changes.
You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain as
unnecessary shifting between third and fourth gears may occur and
could result in reduced fuel economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and may
reduce fuel economy.
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fuel
economy.
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel
economy.
• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant Specifications.
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the
recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checks
found in your vehicle Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
182
Maintenance and care
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy
at any speed.
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately
2 km/h [1 mpg] is lost for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug
deflectors, rollover/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) may
reduce fuel economy.
• Use of fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first
12–16 km (8–10 miles) of driving.
• Flat terrain driving improves fuel economy over hilly roads.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when operated in the top
cruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.
• Four-wheel-drive operation (if equipped) is less fuel efficient than
two-wheel-drive operation.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact your
dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA
window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy comparisons
with other vehicles.
It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the window
sticker. These numbers represent the Range of Km/L (MPG) expected on
the vehicle, depending upon the driver’s method of operation and
conditions.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with
applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission control components continue to work
properly:
• Use only unleaded fuel.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
183
Maintenance and care
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your Scheduled Maintenance Guide performed
according to the specified schedule.
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the Scheduled Maintenance
Guide are essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its
emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Illumination of the charging system warning light, “Check Engine” light
or the temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke or
loss of oil pressure, could indicate that the emission control system is
not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentially
lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, items, sells,
leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not permitted
to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent it from
working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on the
Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete emission warranty
information.
Readiness for inspection/maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostic (OBD-II) system. If your “Check Engine/Service
Engine Soon” light is on, refer to the description in the Warning Lights
and Chimes section of the Instrumentation chapter. Your vehicle may
184
Maintenance and care
not pass the I/M test with the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light
on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the OBD-II system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test” condition. To
ready the OBD-II system for I/M testing, a minimum of 30 minutes of city
and highway driving is necessary as described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go, city-type traffic with
at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.
EXTERIOR BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps frequently:
• Headlamps
• Foglamps
• High-mount brakelamp
• Brakelamps
• Turn signals
• License plate lamp
• Tail lamps
• Back-up lamps
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they can be replaced immediately with
new ones. If a bulb is removed for an extended period of time,
contaminants may enter the lamp housings and affect lamp performance.
Replacing headlamp bulbs
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of
children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do
not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to
break the next time the headlamps are operated.
185
Maintenance and care
1. Make sure the headlamp control is in the OFF position.
2. Open the hood.
3. At the back of the headlamp,
remove the headlamp assembly
retainers by pushing rearward and
pulling up.
4. Pull the headlamp assembly
forward slightly to expose the
electrical connectors.
5. Rotate the bulb cover
counterclockwise and remove.
6. Release clip and disconnect the
electrical connector from the bulb.
7. Remove the bulb retainer ring by
turning it counterclockwise about ¼
turn, then slide the ring off the
plastic base.
186
Maintenance and care
8. Without turning, carefully pull the
bulb out of the headlamp assembly.
9. Insert the glass end of the new
bulb into the headlamp assembly.
When the grooves in the plastic base
are aligned, push the bulb into the
lamp assembly until the plastic base
contacts the rear of the lamp
assembly.
10. To complete installation, follow the removal procedure in reverse
order.
Replacing front parking lamp/turn signal bulbs
1. Make sure the headlamp control is in the OFF position.
2. Open the hood.
3. At the back of the headlamp,
remove the headlamp assembly
retainers by pushing rearward and
pulling up.
4. Pull the headlamp assembly
forward slightly to expose the
electrical connectors.
5. Release clip and disconnect the
electrical connector from the bulb
socket.
6. Rotate the bulb socket
counterclockwise about ¼ turn and
remove.
7. Pull the bulb straight out of the
socket and push in the new bulb.
8. To complete installation of the
parking lamp/turn signal assembly, follow the removal procedures in
reverse order.
187
Maintenance and care
Replacing foglamp bulbs
The halogen bulb contains gas under pressure. The bulb may
shatter if the glass envelope is scratched or if the bulb is
dropped. Handle the bulb carefully. Grasp the bulb only by its
base. Avoid touching the glass envelope.
1. Rotate the foglamp bulb
counterclockwise and remove from
foglamp (the rear side of the
foglamp is shown).
2. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the foglamp bulb.
3. Connect the electrical connector
to the new foglamp bulb.
4. Install the foglamp bulb in
foglamp by rotating clockwise.
Replacing tail lamp bulbs
1. Open the liftgate to expose the
lamp assemblies.
2. Remove the two screws from the
lamp assembly.
3. Carefully remove the lamp
assembly (it may be necessary to
use a screwdriver to remove the
lamp assembly).
4. Rotate the bulb socket
counterclockwise about ¼ turn and
remove from lamp assembly.
5. Pull bulb straight out of socket and push in the new bulb.
6. Install the bulb socket into the lamp assembly and rotate clockwise.
7. Install bulb assembly in lamp assembly by turning it clockwise.
8. Install the lamp assembly and secure with two screws.
188
Maintenance and care
Replacing liftgate tail lamp bulb
1. Raise the liftgate and remove the
lamp assembly nuts.
2. Carefully pull the lamp assembly
outward to expose the electrical
connector.
3. Rotate the bulb socket
counterclockwise about ¼ turn
counterclockwise and remove.
4. Pull bulb straight out of socket
and push in the new bulb.
5. To complete installation, follow
the removal procedure in reverse
order.
189
Maintenance and care
Replacing license plate lamp bulbs
To change the license plate bulbs:
1. Remove screw and the license
plate lamp assembly from liftgate.
2. Remove the bulb socket from
lamp assembly by turning
counterclockwise.
3. Carefully pull the bulb out from
the socket and push in the new
bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket in lamp
assembly by turning clockwise.
5. Install the lamp assembly on
liftgate with screw.
High-mount brakelamp bulbs
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified technician.
Using the right bulbs
Function
Number of bulbs
Trade number
Headlamps
2
9007
Front park/turn lamps
2
3157NAK
Front sidemarker
2
194NA
Foglamps
2
899
Turn/tail/brake lamps
2
3157K
Liftgate lamp
2
916
Backup lamp
2
579
License lamp
2
168
High-mount brake
See a dealer or qualified service technician
lamp
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer
190
Maintenance and care
REPLACING THE INTERIOR BULBS
Check the operation of the following interior bulbs frequently:
• interior overhead lamp
• map lamp
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Vehicle Headlamp Aim Device
(VHAD) on each headlamp. Each
headlamp may be properly aimed in
the vertical (up/down) and the
horizontal (left/right) directions
using your VHAD system. The
headlamps on your vehicle are
properly aimed at the assembly
plant.
A bubble (vertical indicator) that is
not centered between the two red
lines does not necessarily indicate
out-of-aim headlamps. If your
vehicle is not positioned on a level surface, the slope will be included in
the vertical indication. Therefore, vertical and horizontal headlamp
adjustment should be performed only when the beam direction appears
to be incorrect.
You will need one 4 mm wrench or socket to make the adjustments.
If the vehicle has been in an accident, the vehicle’s front structure
should be properly aligned before aiming the headlamps.
D
U
Horizontal aim adjustment
1. Park the vehicle on a level
surface.
2. With the hood open, locate the
horizontal indicator and the
adjusting screw. They are located
below the viewing hole at the rear
of the headlamp assembly.
3. Use a 4 mm wrench or socket to
turn the horizontal adjusting screw
191
Maintenance and care
until the “0” mark on the yellow dial lines up with the reference mark on
the marker (as shown) when viewed directly from above.
Turning the horizontal adjusting
screw in the direction of the arrow
changes the horizontal aim as
shown.
Vertical aim adjustment
1. Park the vehicle on a level
surface.
2. With the hood open, locate the
bubble level and the vertical
adjustment screw. The adjustment
screw is located on the outboard
side of the headlamp.
U
D
U
3. The “U” and “D” on the bubble
indicate the directional change (up
or down) of the vertical aim.
4. Use a 4 mm wrench or socket to
turn the vertical adjusting screw
until the bubble is centered between
the two red lines which represents
the “0” mark position.
D
When the horizontal and vertical indicators are set to the “0” mark, the
headlamp has been properly aimed.
192
Maintenance and care
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the “Customer Assistance Guide” for a list of Ford-approved
cleaners, polishes and waxes.
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle regularly with
cold or lukewarm water. Never use
strong detergents or soap. If your
vehicle is particularly dirty, use a
quality car wash detergent. Always
use a clean sponge, washing glove
or similar device and plenty of water
for best results. To avoid spots,
avoid washing when the hood is still
warm, immediately after or during
exposure to strong sunlight.
During winter months, it is especially important to wash the vehicle on a
regular basis. Large quantities of dirt and road salt are difficult to
remove and also cause damage to the vehicle.
Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before entering a car
wash. If you have wax applied to the vehicle at a commercial car wash, it
is recommended that you clean the wiper blades and windshield as
described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry them.
Waxing your vehicle
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This could be every three
or four months, depending on operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Use cleaning fluid or
alcohol with a clean cloth to remove any bugs and tar before waxing
vehicle. Use tar remover to remove any tar spots.
Avoid getting wax on the windshield. If you have wax applied at a
commercial car wash, it is recommended that you clean the wiper blades
and windshield as described in Cleaning the wiper blades and
windshield.
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris may be repaired with
touch-up paint, repair foil or aerosol paint spray from the Ford accessory
line. Observe the application instructions on the products.
193
Maintenance and care
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect remains, tar
spots, road salt and industrial fallout immediately.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your vehicle. Do not use
acid-based or alcohol-based wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong
detergents. Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of special
wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove grease and tar.
Underbody
Flush the complete underside of vehicle frequently. Keep body drain
holes unplugged. Inspect for road damage.
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The high
pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking the engine block or
other engine components.
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning
the engine.
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
194
Maintenance and care
Cleaning plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a tar remover if
necessary. Do not clean plastic parts with thinners, solvents or
petroleum-based cleaners.
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of your vehicle. Use glass
cleaner or tar remover if necessary.
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry paper towel, chemical
solvents or abrasive cleaners.
Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the wiper blade rubber
element with undiluted windshield washer solution or a mild detergent.
To avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or
other solvents.
If the wiper still does not wipe properly, this could be caused by
substances on the windshield such as tree sap and some hot wax
treatments used by commercial car washes. Clean the outside of the
windshield with a non-abrasive cleanser such as the non-abrasive
Bon-Amit powder. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. Do not use
abrasive cleansers on glass as they may cause scratches. The windshield
is clean if beads do not form when you rinse it with water. The
windshield and wiper blades should be cleaned on a regular basis, and
blades or rubber elements replaced when worn.
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the upper portion of
the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the driver
from undesirable windshield reflection.
Cleaning the overhead console
Clean with a damp cloth, then wipe dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the console. The dull
finish in this area helps protect the driver from undesirable windshield
reflection.
195
Maintenance and care
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Do not use household or glass cleaners.
These agents can stain and discolor the fabric. Use a mild soap and
water solution if necessary.
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution recommended for
cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do not bleach or dye the belts, because
these actions may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make sure there are no
nicks, wear or cuts. If your vehicle has been involved in an accident,
refer to the Safety belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
Cleaning leather seats
For routine cleaning, wipe the surface with a soft, damp cloth. For more
thorough cleaning, wipe the surface with a leather cleaner or a mild
soap.
The type of scrubbing pad is very critical because the common 3M
“Scotch Brite” green pad is too aggressive and will damage the
leather surface
• Spray a small amount of the leather cleaner on the pad and rub the
area to be cleaned with the pad using a circular motion. Only clean 1/4
of the area at a time. For heavily soiled areas, spray the cleaner
directly onto the leather (two squirts should be adequate) and rub
with the pad. Repeat if necessary.
• Use a soft, damp cloth to remove the loosened dirt and foam.
• Dry with a soft cloth.
Do not use household cleaners, glass cleaner, alcohol solutions or
cleaner intended for vinyl, rubber or plastics. These products can
damage the leather.
196
Maintenance and care
In some instances, color or dye transfer can occur when wet
clothing (wool, denim, leathers or other non-colorfast garments)
comes in contact with leather upholstery. If this occurs, the
leather should be cleaned immediately to avoid permanent
staining.
“Tanners Preserve Leather Cleaner” (product number AS-300) is
available from “First Brands” by calling 1–800–726–1001. This product
may also be available at many local automotive after market stores.
3M “Type T” Clean And Finish Scrubbing Pads (UPC 04011–01276) are
available through your local 3M distributor. Call 1–800–742–9649 for the
nearest distributor in your area.
197
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
Air filter
Battery (standard)
Fuel filter
Oil filter
PCV valve
Spark plugs*
5.4L 2V V8 engine
FA-1634
BXT-65-650
FG-986B
FL-820-S
EV-233
AWSF-22E
5.4L 4V V8 engine
FA-1634
BXT-65-650
FG-986B
FL-820-S
EV-233
-
* Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for spark
plug gap information.
REFILL CAPACITIES
Engine oil
(includes filter
change)
Fuel tank
Ford Part
Name
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Motorcraft 5W30
Super Premium
Motor Oil
N/A
Power steering
fluid
Transmission
fluid
Premium Power
Steering Fluid
Motorcraft
MERCONtATF
Transfer case
fluid
Engine coolant
Motorcraft
MERCONtATF
Fluid
Brake fluid
198
3
Application
Capacity
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
All
All
5.7L
(6.0 quarts)
113.6L
(30 gallons)
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
4 x 2 vehicles1
15.0L
(15.9 quarts)2
4 x 4 vehicles1
15.5L
(16.4 quarts)2
4 x 4 vehicles
1.9L
(2.0 quarts)
without aux rear 24.1L
heat
(25.5 quarts)
with aux rear
26.4L
heat
(27.9 quarts)
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Front axle fluid
Rear axle
lubricant4
Windshield
washer fluid
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft SAE
75W90 Axle
Lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
75W140
Synthetic Rear
Axle Lubricant
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Application
4 x 4 vehicles
Capacity
1.8-2.0L
(3.5-3.7 pints)
All
2.9-3.1L
(5.5-5.8 pints)
All
4.1L
(4.5 quarts)
1
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used for a specific
application. Check the container to verify the fluid is MERCONt
approved. Transmission fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick
handle. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Do NOT use any non-approved automatic transmission fluid for an
application specifying MERCONt. Use of a non-approved fluid may cause
internal transmission component damage.
2
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may
vary based on cooler size and if equipped with an in-tank cooler. The
amount of transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the
indication on the dipstick’s normal operating range.
3
If your engine coolant is green in color, use Ford Premium Cooling
System Fluid. If your coolant is orange in color, use Ford Extended Life
Engine Coolant. Refer to Adding engine coolant, in the Maintenance
and Care chapter.
4
Your vehicle’s rear axle is filled with a synthetic rear axle lubricant and
is considered lubricated for life.These lubricants are not to be checked or
changed unless a leak is suspected, service is required or the axle has
been submerged in water. The axle lubricant should be changed any time
the axle has been submerged in water. Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of additive
friction modifier C8AZ-19B546–A, Ford specification EST-M2C118–A for
complete refill of Traction-Lok axles.
Service refill capacities are determined by filling the rear axle 6 mm to
14 mm (1/4 inch to 9/16 inch) below the bottom of the filler hole.
199
Capacities and specifications
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Ford part
name
Multi-Purpose
Grease
Hinges, latches,
striker plates
and rotors, seat
tracks, fuel filler
door hinge and
spring
Lock cylinders
Penetrating
Lubricant
Brake fluid
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Driveshaft, slip Premium Long
sline, double
Life Grease
Cardan joint
center ball
Engine coolant
Ford Premium
Engine Coolant
(green in color)
Ford Extended
Life Engine
Coolant (orange
in color)
Engine oil
Motorcraft 5W30
Super Premium
Motor Oil
4x4 front wheel
bearings, 4x4
spindle needle
bearings, spindle
thrust bearings
& front drive
axle u-joint/slip
sline
200
Ford part
number
DOAZ-19584-AA
or
F5AZ-19G209-AA
Ford
specification
ESB-M1C93-B or
ESR-M1C159-A
E8AZ-19A501-B
ESB-M2C75-B
C6AZ-19542-AB
ESA-M6C25-A
and DOT 3
XG-1-C
ESA-M13P4-A
E2FZ-19549-AA
ESE-M97B44-A
F6AZ-19544-AA
WSS-M97B44-D
or DEX-COOLt
equivalent
XO-5W30-QSP
WSS-M2C153-G
with API
Certification
Mark
ESA-M1C198-A
High
E8TZ-19590-A
Temperature
4x4 Front Axle
& Wheel Bearing
Grease
Capacities and specifications
Item
Automatic
transmission1
Power steering
fluid
Rear axle2
Front axle
Transfer case Four wheel
drive
Windshield
washer fluid
Ford part
name
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Premium Power
Steering Fluid
Motorcraft SAE
75W140 High
Performance
Synthetic Rear
Axle Lube
75W90 Gear
Lube
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Ford part
number
XT-2-QDX
Ford
specification
MERCONt
E6AZ-19582-AA
ESW-M2C33-F
F1TZ-19580-B
WSL-M2C192-A
XY-75W90-QL
WSP-M2C201-A
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
C9AZ-19550-AC
ESR-M17P5-A
1
Refer to the dipstick for the type of transmission fluid required. Some
fluid labels may indicate dual usage such as MERCONt and MERCON
Vt. These dual usage fluids are not to be used in transmissions that use
only the MERCONt type fluid. These dual usage fluids may be used in
transmissions that require MERCONt V use.
Using a transmission fluid that indicates a dual usage (MERCONt and
MERCON Vt) in a transmission application requiring MERCONt may
cause transmission damage. Use of any fluid other than the
recommended fluid may cause transmission damage.
2
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of EST-M2C118–A (friction modifier Part No.
C8AZ-19B546–A) for complete refill of Ford Traction-Lok rear axles.
201
Capacities and specifications
ENGINE DATA
Engine
Cubic inches
Horsepower
Torque
Recommended fuel
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression ratio
5.4L 2V V8 engine
330
230 @ 4250 rpm
325 lb.-ft. @ 3000 rpm
87 octane
1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-0.056 inch)
Coil on plug
9.0:1
5.4L 4V V8 engine
330
290 @ 4250 rpm
360 lb.-ft. @ 3000 rpm
91 octane
1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-0.056 inch)
Coil on plug
9.5:1
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Vehicle dimensions 4x2 mm (in)
(1) Overall length
5 202.0
(204.8)
(2) Vehicle width
2 027.0
(79.8)1
* width including
2 293 (90.3)
mirrors
(3) Overall height2
1 907.0
(75.1)
(4) Wheelbase
3 026.0
(119.1)
(5) Track - Front
1 661.0
(65.4)
(5) Track - Rear
1 663.0
(65.5)
1
2
4x4 mm (in)
5 202.0
(204.8)
2 027.0
(79.8)1
2 293 (90.3)
1 940.0
(76.4)
3 022.0
(119.0)
1 661.0
(65.4)
1 663.0
(65.5)
Vehicle width, including mirrors: 2 293.0 mm (90.3 in)
Vehicle equipped with 16” tires and base suspension
202
Capacities and specifications
4
1
3
5
2
203
Capacities and specifications
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Safety compliance label
The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration Regulations require
that a Safety Compliance
Certification Label be affixed to a
vehicle and prescribe where the
Safety Compliance Certification
Label may be located. The Safety
Compliance Certification Label is
located on the front door latch pillar
on the driver’s side.
MFD. BY FORD MOTOR CO. IN U.S.A.
DATE: XXXXX
GVWR:XXXXX LB/ XXXXX KG
FGAWR: XXXXXX/XXXXXXX
RGAWR: XXXXXXX/XXXXXXX
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL
MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE
DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
VIN: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
MAXIMUM LOAD=OCCUPANTS + LUGGAGE=XXXKG/XXXXLB
OCCUPANTS: X TOTAL X FR X 2ND X RR OCCUPANTS LUGGAGE
XX XXXKG/XXXXLB
TIRE: XXXX/XXXXX XXX
X XXXKG/XXXXLB
PRESSURE (FR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
PRESSURE (RR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
TRAILER TOWING - SEE OWNER GUIDE
EXT PNT: XXXXXX XXXXXX RC: XX DSO: XXXX F0000
BAR INT TR TP/PS R AXLE TR SPR
T0000
X
XX
XXX X
XX
X XXXX
UTC ∇FOHT-15294A10-GA
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is
attached to a metal tag and is
located on the driver side
instrument panel. For your
protection, you will also find the
vehicle identification number in the
following areas (if applicable):
• the left and right front fenders
• the left and right front doors
• the front and rear bumpers
• the hood
• the left and right rear quarter
panels
• the decklid
• the liftgate (if equipped)
AIR
BAG
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the vehicle identification
number) is stamped on the engine block and transmission.
204
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect that could cause a crash, or
could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
205
Index
Accessory delay ..........................66
Air bag supplemental restraint
system ..........................................93
and child safety seats ..............94
description ................................93
disposal ......................................97
indicator light ...........................96
passenger air bag .....................95
Air cleaner filter .......................170
Air conditioning
automatic temperature
control system ...........38,39,40,42
auxiliary heater and air
conditioner ................................45
rear seat controls .....................43
Air suspension
warning light ......................10,113
Automatic transmission
driving an automatic
overdrive ...................116,117,118
Axle
refill capacities ........................198
Battery
voltage gauge ............................13
Brakes ........................................109
anti-lock ............................109,110
anti-lock brake system (ABS)
warning light ...........................110
fluid, checking and adding ....159
shift interlock ..........................115
Break-in period ..........................2,3
CD player .....................34,36,37,38
Cellular telephone (see your
Cellular Phone Guide) ................68
Child safety seats
attaching with tether straps ..102
in rear seat ..............................100
tether anchorage hardware ...102
Cleaning your vehicle ...............193
engine compartment ..............194
exterior .............................193,194
exterior lamps .........................195
206
interior ..............................195,196
plastic parts ............................195
washing ....................................193
waxing .....................................193
wheels ......................................194
wiper blades ............................195
Clock ............................................19
Compass, electronic ....................58
calibration .................................59
set zone adjustment .................59
Console ........................................68
overhead ...............................56,57
rear ............................................68
Controls
power seat .................................79
Coolant ...............................162,163
checking and adding ..............161
refill capacities ........................163
Defrost
rear window ..............................18
Driveline universal joint and
slip yoke ....................................167
Driving under special
conditions ..................................123
sand .........................................122
snow and ice ...........................123
through water .........................122
Emission control system ..........183
Engine
coolant .....................................160
idle speed control ...................168
service points ...................155,156
starting after a collision .........132
Engine block heater .................107
Engine oil
checking and adding ..............158
dipstick ....................................156
specifications ...................156,158
Exhaust fumes ..........................107
Fail safe cooling .................163,164
Floor mats ...................................69
Index
Four-Wheel Drive vehicles ..10,119
control trac .............................119
description ..............................120
driving off road .......................121
electronic shift ............18,120,121
indicator light ...........................10
Fuel
choosing the right fuel ...........177
comparisons with EPA fuel
economy estimates .................183
detergent in fuel .....................179
filling your vehicle
with fuel ...........................176,179
gauge .........................................11
quality ......................................178
running out of fuel .................179
safety information relating to
automotive fuels .....................176
Fuses ...................................133,134
Gas mileage (see Fuel
economy) ..............180,181,182,183
Gauges .........................................11
engine coolant
temperature gauge ...................12
engine oil pressure gauge ........14
GVWR
(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating)
calculating ...............................125
Hazard flashers .........................132
Head restraints ..78,81,82,83,84,85
Headlamps
aiming ...............................191,192
bulb specifications ..................190
high beam ..............................9,55
warning chime ..........................11
Heating ........................................38
Hood ..........................................154
Ignition .......................................202
Inspection/maintenance
(I/M) testing ..............................184
Instrument panel
cleaning ...................................195
Keyless entry system
autolock ................................76,77
Keys
key in ignition chime ...............11
positions of the ignition ...........47
Lamps
autolamp system .......................17
daytime running light ...............16
fog lamps ...................................16
headlamps .................................16
headlamps, flash to pass ..........55
instrument panel, dimming .....17
interior lamps .........................191
replacing
bulbs ............185,187,188,189,190
Lane change indicator
(see Turn signal) ........................47
Liftgate ........................................69
Lights, warning and indicator
air bag ..........................................7
air suspension .........................114
anti-lock brakes (ABS) ..............8
anti-theft .....................................9
brake ............................................8
charging system ..........................9
door ajar ....................................10
engine oil pressure .....................9
low fuel ........................................6
low washer fluid .......................10
safety belt ...................................8
service engine soon .................6,7
turn signal indicator ...................8
Locks
childproof ..................................66
Lumbar support, seats ...............78
Message center ......................14,58
english/metric button ...............14
menu button .............................15
207
Index
Mirrors
automatic dimming rearview
mirror ........................................60
fold away ...................................68
heated ........................................67
programmable memory ............75
side view mirrors (power) .......67
Moon roof ....................................58
Motorcraft parts ........................180
Octane rating ............................178
Odometer .....................................13
Overdrive .....................................55
Panic alarm feature, remote
entry system ................................73
Parking brake ............................111
Power distribution box (see
Fuses) ........................................137
Power door locks ........................66
Power steering ...................112,113
fluid, checking and adding ....164
Radio .............................20,21,22,23
Relays .................................133,141
Remote entry system .......70,71,72
illuminated entry ......................74
locking/unlocking doors ......72,73
replacement/additional
transmitters ...............................74
replacing the batteries .............73
Roof rack ...................................131
Safety belts (see Safety
restraints) ....................................11
Safety restraints
cleaning the safety belts ...92,196
extension assembly ..................91
for children ...............................97
lap belt ......................................89
warning light and chime .....10,91
Seat belts (see Safety
restraints) ................86,87,88,89,90
Seats ............................................78
child safety seats ......................98
208
cleaning ...................................196
memory seat ........................80,81
Servicing your vehicle ..............153
Snowplowing .................................3
Spark plugs, specifications .......198
Special notice ................................3
ambulance conversions ..............3
utility-type vehicles ....................3
Specification chart,
lubricants ...................................200
Speed control ..............................48
Speedometer ...............................12
Starting your vehicle .........104,106
jump starting ............146,147,149
Steering wheel ............................56
tilting .........................................53
Tachometer .................................13
Tires .............................172,173,174
changing ....................141,142,143
checking the pressure ............174
replacing ..................................175
rotating ....................................174
snow tires and chains ............175
tire grades ...............................173
treadwear ................................173
Towing ...........126,127,128,129,130
wrecker ....................................151
Traction-lok rear axle ...............114
Transmission ......................115,165
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) ...............165,166,167
Trip odometer .............................13
Universal transmitter (see
garage door opener) ....61,62,63,64
Vehicle dimensions ...................202
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) ..........................................204
Vehicle loading ..........................124
Ventilating your vehicle ...........108
Warning chimes .............................6
Washer fluid ..............................160
Index
Water, Driving through .............123
Windows ............................60,65,66
rear wiper/washer .....................54
Windshield washer fluid and
wipers
checking and cleaning ..............171
operation ...................................54
replacing wiper blades ...........172
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
Filling station information
Item
Recommended fuel-5.4L 2V V8
engine
Recommended fuel-5.4L 4V V8
engine
Fuel tank capacity
Tire size and pressure
Information
Unleaded fuel only - 87 octane
Unleaded fuel only - 91 octane
113.6L (30 gallons)
Refer to Tire Pressure Decal on
passenger’s door panel.
Hood release
Pull handle under the left side of
the instrument panel.
Engine oil capacity (includes filter 5.7L (6.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft
change)
5W30 Super Premium Motor Oil,
Ford specification WSS-M2C153-G.
Coolant capacity-without rear heat 24.1L (25.5 quarts)
1
Coolant capacity-with rear heat
Power steering fluid capacity
Automatic transmission fluid
capacity-4x2 vehicles2
Automatic transmission fluid
capacity-4x4 vehicles2
1
26.4L (27.9 quarts)
Fill to line on reservoir. Use
Premium Power Steering Fluid.
15.0L (15.9 quarts). Use
Motorcraft MERCONt ATF.
15.5L (16.4 quarts). Use
Motorcraft MERCONt ATF.
1
If your engine coolant is green in color, use Ford Premium Cooling
System Fluid. If your engine coolant is orange in color, use Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant. Refer to Adding engine coolant, in the
Maintenance and Care chapter.
2
Ensure correct automatic transmission fluid is used for a specific
application. Check the container to verify the fluid is MERCONt and/or
MERCONt V approved. Some fluids have been approved as meeting both
MERCONt and MERCONt V requirements and will be labeled as such.
Fluids labeled as meeting only MERCONt or only MERCONt V
requirements must not be used interchangeably. DO NOT mix MERCONt
and MERCONt V. Transmission fluid requirements are indicated on the
dipstick or on the dipstick handle. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance
Guide to determine the correct service interval.
216
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