Contents
Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
6
Controls and features
18
Seating and safety restraints
96
Starting and driving
Starting
127
Driving
132
Roadside emergencies
158
Servicing
Maintenance and care
182
Capacities and specifications
233
Customer assistance
241
Reporting safety defects
253
Index
254
All rights reserved. Reproduction by any means, electronic or mechanical including
photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system or translation
in whole or part is not permitted without written authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring obligation.
Copyright © 2001 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
The following warning may be required by California law:
CALIFORNIA Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and
certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to
the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. In addition, certain fluids contained in vehicles and
certain products of component wear contain or emit chemicals known
to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
ICONS
Indicates a safety alert. Read the
following section on Warnings.
Indicates vehicle information related
to recycling and other
environmental concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the
authorized disposal of waste
cleaning and lubrication materials are significant steps towards
protecting the environment.
Indicates a message regarding child
safety restraints. Refer to Seating
and safety restraints for more
information.
Indicates that this Owner Guide
contains information on this subject.
Please refer to the Index to locate
the appropriate section which will
provide you more information.
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the risk of personal
injury and prevent possible damage to others, your vehicle and its
equipment.
2
Introduction
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular guidelines for breaking-in your vehicle. During
the first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
recommended to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at the time of printing.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring
obligation.
EMISSION WARRANTY
The New Vehicle Limited Warranty includes Bumper-to-Bumper Coverage,
Safety Restraint Coverage, Corrosion Coverage, and 7.3L Power Stroke
Diesel Engine Coverage. In addition, your vehicle is eligible for Emissions
Defect and Emissions Performance Warranties. For a detailed description
of what is covered and what is not covered, refer to the Warranty Guide
that is provided to you along with your Owner’s Guide.
SPECIAL NOTICES
Using your vehicle with a snowplow
Do not use this vehicle for snowplowing.
Using your vehicle as an ambulance
Do not use this vehicle as an ambulance.
Your vehicle is not equipped with the Ford Ambulance Preparation Package.
Notice to owners of pickup trucks and utility type vehicles
Utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover rate than
other types of vehicles.
Before you drive your vehicle, please read this Owner’s Guide carefully.
Your vehicle is not a passenger car. As with other vehicles of this type,
failure to operate this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control or an
accident.
Be sure to read Driving off road in the Driving chapter as well as the
“Four Wheeling” supplement included with 4WD and utility type vehicles.
3
Introduction
These are some of the symbols you may see on your vehicle.
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Safety Alert
See Owner’s Guide
Fasten Safety Belt
Air Bag-Front
Air Bag-Side
Child Seat
Child Seat Installation
Warning
Child Seat Tether
Anchorage
Brake System
Anti-Lock Brake System
Brake Fluid Non-Petroleum Based
Traction Control
Master Lighting Switch
Hazard Warning Flasher
Fog Lamps-Front
Fuse Compartment
Fuel Pump Reset
Windshield Wash/Wipe
Windshield
Defrost/Demist
Rear Window
Defrost/Demist
Power Windows
Front/Rear
Power Window Lockout
4
Introduction
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Child Safety Door
Lock/Unlock
Interior Luggage
Compartment Release
Symbol
Panic Alarm
Engine Oil
Engine Coolant
Engine Coolant
Temperature
Do Not Open When Hot
Battery
Avoid Smoking, Flames,
or Sparks
Battery Acid
Explosive Gas
Fan Warning
Power Steering Fluid
Maintain Correct Fluid
Level
Emission System
Engine Air Filter
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter
Jack
Check fuel cap
Low tire warning
MAX
MIN
5
Instrumentation
Instrument cluster
(pg. 8)
Gearshift (includes
overdrive button)
(pg. 137)
Speed controls*
(pg. 56)
Panel dimmer control
(pg. 19)
Headlamp
control
(pg. 18)
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
2
FUEL DOOR
CHECK
FUEL
CAP
F
ABS
6
50
40
60 70
80
0 0 0
80
100
30
1
20
0
10
40
20
MPH
90
120
60
C
CHECK
ENGINE
5
RPMx1000
140
000000
160
100
180
H
SPEED
CONT
L
110
4WD
HIGH
km/h 120
H
L
!
E
O/D
ON/OFF
4WD
LOW
CHECK
SUSP
O/D
OFF
2WD
OFF
RSM
ON
SET
ACCEL
COAST
OFF
Tilt steering wheel lever*
(pg. 61)
Driver air bag
(pg. 112)
Parking brake release
(pg. 133)
* if equipped
6
Turn signal control
(pg. 55)
Windshield wiper/washer control
(pg. 61)
Hood release
(pg. 183)
4X4
HIGH
4X4
LOW
Instrumentation
Audio system
(pg. 27)
4wd control*
(pg. 143)
TUNE
SCAN
SHUF
SEEK
Power down rear window
(pg. 24)
REW
FF
DSP
MUTE
EJ
LOAD
BASS
BAL
SEL
TREB
FADE
PUSH ON
AM
FM
1
CD
1
2
3
4
5
6
MENU
2
3
4
A/C
MAX
A/C
Foglamp control*
(pg. 18)
Climate controls
(pg. 20)
7
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
CHECK
ENGINE
5
100
60
140
2
C
F
E
80
40
RPMx1000
20
1
CHECK
FUEL
CAP
60
6
20
MPH
ABS
!
BRAKE
P
R N D 2 1
100
H
SPEED
CONT
180
km/h 120
4WD
HIGH
H
4WD
LOW
THEFT
O/D
OFF
Check engine
Your vehicle is equipped with a
computer that monitors the engine’s
CHECK
emission control system. This
ENGINE
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System
(OBD II). This OBD II system protects the environment by ensuring that
your vehicle continues to meet government emission standards. The OBD
II system also assists the service technician in properly servicing your
vehicle.
The Check Engine indicator light illuminates when the ignition is first
turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If it comes on after the
engine is started, one of the engine’s emission control systems may be
malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without a driveability concern
being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
What you should do if the check engine light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Check Engine light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run
poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
8
Instrumentation
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with high quality fuel of the recommended octane and/or properly
installing and securely tightening the gas cap. After three driving cycles
without these or any other temporary malfunctions present, the Check
Engine light should turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold engine
startup followed by mixed city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle
service is required.
If the Check Engine light remains on, have your vehicle serviced at the
first available opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
Check fuel cap
Momentarily illuminates when the
CHECK
ignition is turned to the ON position
FUEL
to ensure your bulb is working.
CAP
When this light turns on, check the
fuel filler cap. Continuing to operate
the vehicle with the check fuel cap light on, can activate the Service
Engine Soon/Check Engine warning light. When the fuel filler cap is
properly re-installed, the light(s) will turn off after a period of normal
driving. This period will vary depending on driving conditions.
It may take a long period of time for the system to detect an
improperly installed fuel filler cap.
For more information, refer to Fuel filler cap in the Maintenance and
care chapter.
9
Instrumentation
Air bag readiness
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to flash
or remains on, have the system
serviced immediately.
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
to remind you to fasten your safety
belts. For more information, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
!
to indicate a system check. Also
BRAKE
illuminates if the parking brake is
engaged. If the brake warning lamp
does not illuminate at these times, seek service immediately. Illumination
after releasing the parking brake indicates low brake fluid level and the
brake system should be inspected immediately.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
ABS
to indicate a system check. If the
light remains on, continues to flash
or fails to illuminate, have the
system serviced immediately. With the ABS light on, the anti-lock brake
system is disabled and normal braking is still effective unless the brake
warning light also remains illuminated with the parking brake released.
10
Instrumentation
Turn signal
Illuminates when the left or right
turn signal or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or both of the
indicators stay on continuously or
flash faster, check for a burned-out
turn signal bulb. Refer to Bulbs in the Maintenance and care chapter.
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
Anti-theft system (if equipped)
Refer to SecuriLocky passive
anti-theft system in the Controls
and features chapter.
THEFT
Charging system
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to the ON position and the
engine is off. The light also
illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring
electrical system service.
Check gage
Illuminates when the engine coolant
CHECK
temperature is high, the engine oil
GAGE
pressure is low or the fuel gauge is
at or near empty. The ignition must
be in the ON position for this lamp to illuminate. The lamp will also stay
illuminated after the ignition is turned to the ON position. Refer to
Engine coolant temperature gauge, Engine oil pressure gauge or
Fuel gauge in this chapter for more information.
11
Instrumentation
Four wheel drive low (if equipped)
Momentarily illuminates after the
engine is STARTED. Illuminates
when four-wheel drive low is
engaged. If the light continues to
flash have the system serviced.
4WD
LOW
Four wheel drive high (if equipped)
Momentarily illuminates after the
vehicle has been STARTED.
Illuminates when four-wheel drive
high is engaged. If the light
continues to flash have the system serviced.
4WD
HIGH
Door ajar
Illuminates when the ignition is in
the ON position and any door is
open.
DOOR
AJAR
O/D off (if equipped)
Illuminates when the Transmission
O/D
Control Switch (TCS), refer to
OFF
Overdrive control in the Controls
and Features chapter, has been
pushed turning the transmission overdrive function OFF. When the light
is on, the transmission does not operate in the overdrive mode, refer to
the Driving chapter for transmission function and operation.
The light may also flash steadily if a transmission malfunction is
detected. If the light does not come on when the Transmission Control
Switch is depressed or if the light flashes steadily, have your vehicle
serviced as soon as possible, damage to the transmission could occur.
12
Instrumentation
Speed control
This light comes on when either the
SPEED
SET/ACCEL or RESUME controls
are pressed. It turns off when the
CONT
speed control OFF control is
pressed, the brake or clutch (if equipped) is applied or the ignition is
turned to the OFF position.
Safety belt warning chime
Sounds to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt warning chime, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
Belt minder chime
Sounds intermittently to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt minder chime, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to the Seating and
safety restraints chapter.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACC
position and the driver’s door is opened.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the ignition is off
(and the key is not in the ignition) and the driver’s door is opened.
13
Instrumentation
GAUGES
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
CHECK
ENGINE
5
100
60
140
20
!
BRAKE
P
SPEED
CONT
180
20
4WD
HIGH
km/h 120
MPH
ABS
H
100
2
C
F
E
80
40
RPMx1000
1
CHECK
FUEL
CAP
60
6
R N D 2 1
H
4WD
LOW
THEFT
O/D
OFF
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
60
80
40
100
60
20
20
MPH
14
140
100
180
km/h 120
Instrumentation
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the
engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains
within the normal area (the area
between the “H” and “C”). If it
H
enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as
soon as safely possible, switch off
C
the engine immediately and let the
engine cool. Refer to Engine
coolant in the Maintenance and
care chapter.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level the gauge indication
will not be accurate.
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers
(miles) of the vehicle.
60
80
40
100
60
20
140
km/h 120
MPH
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To reset,
depress the control.
100
180
20
60
80
40
100
60
20
20
MPH
140
100
180
km/h 120
15
Instrumentation
Tachometer
Indicates the engine speed in
revolutions per minute.
Driving with your tachometer
pointer continuously at the top of
the scale may damage the engine.
4
3
5
6
RPMx1000
2
1
0
Battery voltage gauge
This shows the battery voltage when
the ignition is in the ON position. If
the pointer moves and stays outside
the normal operating range (as
indicated by arrows), have the
vehicle’s electrical system checked
as soon as possible.
H
L
Engine oil pressure gauge
This shows the engine oil pressure
in the system. Sufficient pressure
exists as long as the needle remains
in the normal range (the area
between the “L” and “H”).
H
If the gauge indicates low pressure,
stop the vehicle as soon as safely
L
possible and switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level.
Add oil if needed (refer to Engine
oil in the Maintenance and care
chapter). If the oil level is correct, have your vehicle checked at your
dealership or by a qualified technician.
16
Instrumentation
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much
fuel is in the fuel tank (when the
F
key is in the ON position). The fuel
gauge may vary slightly when the
vehicle is in motion. The ignition
E
should be in the OFF position while
the vehicle is being refueled. When
the gauge first indicates empty, there is a small amount of reserve fuel in
the tank. When refueling the vehicle from empty indication, the amount
of fuel that can be added will be less than the advertised capacity due to
the reserve fuel.
The arrow near the fuel pump icon indicates which side of the vehicle
the fuel filler door is located.
17
Controls and features
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp control to the
first position to turn on the parking
lamps. Rotate to the second position
to also turn on the headlamps.
OFF
Foglamp control (if equipped)
The foglamps can be turned on
when the headlamp control is in
either of the following positions:
• Parking lamps
• Low beams
Press the foglamp control to activate the foglamps. The foglamp indicator
light will illuminate. When the highbeams are activated, the foglamps will
not operate.
Press the foglamp control again to deactivate the foglamps.
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the headlamps on with a reduced output. To activate:
• the ignition must be in the ON position and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking lamps position.
Always remember to turn on your headlamps at dusk or during
inclement weather. The Daytime Running Lamp (DRL) system
does not activate with your tail lamps and generally may not provide
adequate lighting during these conditions. Failure to activate your
headlamps under these conditions may result in a collision.
18
Controls and features
High beams
• Push forward to activate.
• Pull toward you to deactivate.
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel during headlamp
and parklamp operation.
• Rotate up to brighten.
• Rotate down to dim.
• Rotate to full up position (past
DIM
detent) to turn on interior lamps.
• Rotate to full down position (past
detent) to prevent interior lamps from illuminating when the doors are
opened.
19
Controls and features
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Manual heating and air conditioning system (if equipped)
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
1
2
3
4
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle.
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
A/C
MAX
A/C
The air conditioning compressor can operate in all modes except
and
. However, the air conditioning will only function if the outside
temperature is about 6°C (43°F) or higher.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
• MAX A/C- Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. MAX A/C is noisier
than A/C but more economical and will cool the inside of the vehicle
faster. Airflow will be from the instrument panel registers. This mode
can also be used to prevent undesirable odors from entering the
vehicle. When placed in MAX A/C, the air conditioning will operate at
a full cool temperature. Therefore, the temperature control becomes
non-functional.
20
Controls and features
• A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. It is quieter than MAX A/C
but not as economical. Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers.
•
(Panel)-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
registers. However, the air will not be cooled below the outside
temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in this
mode.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to prevent undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
(Panel and floor)-Distributes outside air through the instrument
•
panel registers and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added customer comfort,
when the temperature control knob is anywhere in between the full
hot and full cold positions, the air distributed through the floor ducts
will be slightly warmer than the air sent to the instrument panel
registers.
•
(Floor)-Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air
through the floor ducts. However, the air will not be cooled below the
outside temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
(Floor and defrost)-Distributes outside air through the windshield
•
defroster ducts and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added customer comfort,
when the temperature control knob is anywhere in between the full
hot and full cold positions, the air distributed through the floor ducts
will be slightly warmer than the air sent to the windshield defrost
ducts. If the temperature is about 6°C (43°F) or higher, the air
conditioner will automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
(Defrost)-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster
•
ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield. If the
temperature is about 6°C (43°F) or higher, the air conditioner will
automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
Operating tips
• In humid weather conditions, place the climate control system in DEF
before driving. This will reduce fogging on your windshield. Once the
windshield has been cleared, operate the climate control system as
desired.
21
Controls and features
• To reduce humidity buildup inside the vehicle in cold weather
conditions, don’t drive with the climate control system in the OFF or
MAX A/C position.
• To reduce humidity buildup inside the vehicle in warm weather
conditions, don’t drive with the climate control system in the OFF
position.
• Under normal weather conditions, your vehicle’s climate control
system should be left in any position other than MAX A/C or OFF
when the vehicle is parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe”
through the outside air inlet duct.
• Under snowy or dirty weather conditions, your vehicle’s climate
control system should be left in the OFF position when the vehicle is
parked. This allows the climate control system to be free from
contamination of outside pollutants.
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during warm
weather conditions, the air conditioner will perform more efficiently in
cooling the vehicle if driven for two or three minutes with the
windows open. This will force most of the hot, stale air out of the
vehicle. Once the vehicle has been “aired out”, operate the climate
control system as desired.
• Do not put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats.
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area at the
base of the windshield.
• Do not place objects over the defroster outlets. These objects can
block airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield.
Avoid placing small objects on top of the instrument panel. These
objects may fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow, in
addition to damaging the climate control system.
22
Controls and features
To aid in side defogging/demisting in cold weather.
1. Select
2. Set the temperature control to full heat
3. Set the fan speed to HI
4. Direct the outer panel vents towards to side windows
To increase airflow to the outer panel vents, close the central panel
vents.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel, as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
Rear console climate controls (if equipped)
Depending on the equipment
package of your vehicle, the rear
console may be equipped with rear
console audio/climate controls.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
3
2
1
The instrument panel climate controls must be on in order for the rear
console climate controls to work.
Turn the air distribution control to the desired airflow position.
Turn the fan speed control to the
- VOLUME +
MODE
desired position.
3
SEEK
MEMORY
2
1
23
Controls and features
Select
for air to flow through
these vents:
–
VOLUME
+
BAND
3
SEEK
MEMORY
2
1
for air to flow through
Select
these vents:
–
VOLUME
+
BAND
3
SEEK
MEMORY
2
1
POWER DOWN BACK WINDOW
To operate the power down back window, the ignition switch must be in
the Run or Accessory position.
The power down back window only has three window position selections:
• Fully open
• Vent
• Fully closed
24
Controls and features
All rear seat occupants and/or cargo must be properly restrained
and clear of the back window opening before operating the
power down rear window.
Turn control counter-clockwise and
release to lower window all the way
to the full open position.
Turn control clockwise and release
to raise the window all the way to
the full closed position.
Push control once to move window
(up or down) to the vent position
(open approximately 2.00 inches for
cab ventilation). If the window is
already in the vent position and the
control is pressed, no movement will
occur.
25
Controls and features
Normal Operation
If an “up” command is selected and the ignition is switched to OFF or
START during window travel, the window will:
1. stop if it is between the vent position and fully closed or
2. continue to move up to the vent position if it is between vent and fully
open.
If a “down” or “vent” command is selected and the ignition is switched to
OFF or START during window travel, the window will move to the fully
open or vent position, respectively, and then stop.
The “down” command is the only one allowed after the ignition has been
switched to OFF or START while the window is moving.
Bounce-Back
When the back window is moving upward and an obstacle interferes with
the window’s movement, the back window will reverse direction and
move toward the fully open position. This is known as “bounce-back”.
Security Override
If, during a bounce-back condition, the control is held in the clockwise
(“up”) direction for at least two seconds, the back window will travel
up with no bounce-back protection. If the control is released before
the window reaches fully closed or the ignition is switched to OFF or
START, the back window will reverse direction with bounce-back
re-enabled.
The following are possible reasons for using the security override:
• Ice on the window causing a restriction.
• Window unexpectedly reverses.
Position recovery mode
If the window fails to operate in “normal” operation mode, the control
can be turned and held in the active position (up or down window
direction) which will move the window in increments of approximately
15mm (0.6 inches) in the selected direction. (The “vent” feature is
inoperable in this mode.) This feature allows the window to be closed.
Once the window has reached the full closed, the window should again
operate in “normal” operation mode. If the window still does not operate
correctly, see your dealer for service.
26
Controls and features
4WD CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
This control operates the 4WD.
Refer to the Driving chapter for
more information.
4X4
HIGH
2WD
4X4
LOW
USING YOUR AUDIO SYSTEM
Premium AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Single CD
DISC
VOL PUSH ON
EJ
FM 1
AMC
BL
AM
ST
MUTE
RF
FM
EJ
DOLBY B NR
TAPE
CD
AUTO
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
BASS
TREB
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
SEL
4
BAL
CLK
FADE
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
27
Controls and features
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Audio power can also be turned on
by pressing the AM/FM select
control or the tape/CD select
control. Audio power is turned off
by using the volume/power control.
Turn control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD modes.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
AM/FM select in CD or CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
28
Controls and features
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
• Press
to move to the next
frequency up the band (whether or not a listenable station is located
there). Hold for quick movement.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, tape or CD mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
Seek function in tape mode
• Press
to listen to the previous selection on the tape.
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
• Press
Seek function for CD or CD changer (if equipped)
• Press
to seek to the previous
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
three seconds or more and you
press
, the CD changer will
replay that selection from the
beginning.
• Press
to seek forward to the next track of the current disc. After
the last track has been completed, the first track of the current disc
will automatically replay.
29
Controls and features
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD mode.
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the control again to stop the scan mode.
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
Scan function in CD or CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with
AM
FM
the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune
adjust or Seek function for more information on selecting a station.
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
4
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
30
Controls and features
Autoset memory preset
Autoset allows you to set strong radio stations without losing your
original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful on trips
when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
Starting autoset memory preset
1. Select a frequency using the AM/FM select controls.
2. Press the AUTO control.
3. When the first six strong stations
AUTO
are filled, the station stored in
memory preset control 1 will start
playing.
CLK
If there are less than six strong
stations available on the frequency
band, the remaining memory preset
controls will all store the last strong station available.
These stations are temporarily stored in the memory preset controls
(until deactivated) and are accessed in the same manner as your original
presets.
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the AUTO control again.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the BASS control then press:
•
to decrease the bass output
and
•
to increase the bass output.
BASS
TREB
SEL
31
Controls and features
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
Press the TREB control then press:
•
to decrease the treble output
and
to increase the treble output.
•
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the BAL control then press:
to shift sound to the left and
•
to shift sound to the right.
•
32
BASS
TREB
SEL
BAL
SEL
FADE
Controls and features
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the FADE control then press:
•
to shift the sound to the
front and
to shift the sound to the rear.
•
BAL
FADE
SEL
Tape/CD select
• To begin tape play (with a tape
loaded into the audio system)
TAPE
CD
while in the radio or CD mode,
press the TAPE control. Press the
button during rewind or fast forward to stop the rewind or fast
forward function.
• To begin CD play (if CD(s) are
loaded), press the CD control.
TAPE
CD
The first track of the disc will
begin playing. If returning from
radio or tape mode, CD play will begin where it stopped last.
With the dual media audio system, press the CD control to toggle
between single CD and CD changer play (if equipped).
Do not insert any promotional (odd shaped or sized) discs, or discs
with removable labels into the CD player as jamming may occur.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
REW
and CD modes.
1
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control rewinds the CD within the
current track.
33
Controls and features
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
FF
tape and CD modes.
2
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the control fast forwards the CD within the
current track.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
Eject function
Press the EJ control to stop and
eject a tape.
SIDE 1-2
3
EJ
Press the EJ control to stop and
eject a CD.
EJ
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction operates in
tape mode. Dolbyt noise reduction
4
reduces the amount of hiss and
static during tape playback.
Press the
control to activate (and deactivate) the Dolbyt noise
reduction.
Dolbyt noise reduction is manufactured under license from Dolbyt
Laboratories Licensing Corporation. “Dolbyt” and the double-D
are registered trademarks of Dolbyt Laboratories Licensing
symbol
Corporation.
34
Controls and features
Compression adjust
Compression adjust brings soft and
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
COMP
5
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
SHUFFLE
mode (if equipped) and plays all
6
tracks on the current disc in random
order. If equipped with the CD
changer, the shuffle feature
continues to the next disc after all tracks on the current disc are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
Setting the clock
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press SEEK:
AUTO
CLK
•
•
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press TUNE:
AUTO
CLK
35
Controls and features
•
to decrease minutes and
to increase minutes.
•
If your vehicle has a separate clock,
(other than the digital radio
display), the CLK control will not
function in the above manner.
The CLK control will allow you to
switch between media display mode
AUTO
(radio station, stereo information,
etc.) and clock display mode (time).
When in clock mode, the media
information will display for 10
CLK
seconds, when the radio is turned
on, and then revert to clock
information. Any time that the
media is changed, (new radio station, etc.), the media information will
again display for 10 seconds before reverting back to the clock. In media
mode, the media information will always be displayed.
Mute mode
Press the MUTE control to mute the
playing media. Press the MUTE
control again to return to the
playing media.
EJ
MUTE
36
Controls and features
AM/FM Stereo In Dash Six CD Radio for Pioneer T Sound System
SHUF
DISC
TUNE
SCAN
SEEK
REW
FF
DSP
EJ
LOAD
BASS
PUSH ON
BAL
SEL
TREB
AM
FM
MUTE
CD
1
2
3
4
5
FADE
6
MENU
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
PUSH ON
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
37
Controls and features
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio and CD modes.
AM
FM
CD
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in CD mode
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio or CD mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
• Press
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Tune adjust for CD mode
• Press
to select the previous
disc. (Play will begin on the first
track of the disc unless shuffle
mode is engaged.) Refer to
Shuffle feature for more
information. Hold the control to
continue reversing through the discs.
to select the next disc. Hold the control to fast-forward
• Press
through the remaining discs.
38
Controls and features
Seek function
The seek function works in radio or CD mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band. SEEK DOWN
will display.
• Press
to find the next listenable station up the frequency band.
SEEK UP will display.
Seek function in CD mode
• Press
to seek to the previous
track of the current disc. If the
beginning of the disc is reached,
the CD player seeks to the
beginning of the last track on the
current disc and begins playing.
to seek forward to the next track of the current disc. After
• Press
the last track has been completed, the first track of the current disc
will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio or
CD mode.
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Scan function in CD mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
39
Controls and features
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control. Press the
AM/FM control to toggle between AM, FM1, or FM2.
2. Press the SEEK control to access the next listenable station up or
down the frequency band. Press the TUNE control to go up or down the
listening band in individual increments.
3. Select a station. Refer to Seek function for more information on
selecting a station.
4. Press and hold a memory preset control. The playing media will mute
momentarily. When the sound returns, the station is held in memory on
the control you selected. The display will read SAVED.
Autostore
Autostore allows you to set the strongest local radio stations without
losing your original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful
on trips when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
40
Controls and features
Starting autostore
1. Press and momentarily hold the AM/FM control.
2. AUTOSET will flash in the display
as the frequency band is scrolled
through.
3. When the six strongest stations
are filled, the station stored in
memory preset control 1 will start playing.
If there are less than six strong stations available on the frequency band,
the remaining memory preset controls will all store the last strong
station available.
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the AM/FM control again.
CD select
CD mode may be entered by
pressing the CD control and the
LOAD control. Load the CD into the
audio system. The first track of the
disc will begin playing. After that,
CD play will begin where it stopped last.
If an alternative CD is desired, press the corresponding preset control
(1–6) of a loaded CD, or press the TUNE control to access the other
loaded CDs.
NO CD will display if the CD control is activated when there is not a CD
present in the audio system.
NO CD will illuminate in the display if the CD control and a present
number (that is currently empty) are pressed. The system will play the
next available disc.
If your vehicle is equipped with a CD changer, pressing the CD control
again will allow you to toggle between accessing the multi disc system
and the CD changer. The display will read CD or CDDJ.
Do not insert any promotional (odd shaped or sized) discs, or
discs with removable labels into the CD player as jamming may
occur.
41
Controls and features
Display description
Six circles are always lit in the digital display. These signify the six CD
slots in the audio system. When a disc is loaded into a particular slot
(1–6), the number inside that specific circle lights. If the circle is empty,
there is no CD in that particular slot.
Load
The load feature allows you to load
single CDs into the player internal
to the radio.
This six disc CD player is equipped with a CD door. Compact
discs should only be inserted into the player after the door has
been opened by the player. Do not attempt to force the door
open. Compact discs should only be loaded by pressing the LOAD
control.
Press the LOAD control. (You can choose which slot will be loaded by
pressing the desired preset number. If you do not choose a slot, the
system will choose the next available one.) Wait until the CD door opens.
Load the CD into the player. LOADING CD# is displayed. When the CD
has been loaded, the door will close and the CD will begin to play. For
example, to load a CD into slot 2, press the LOAD control and then press
preset 2.
Auto load
This feature allows you to autoload
up to 6 discs into the multi disc CD
player internal to the radio.
Press and hold the LOAD control until AUTOLOAD # is displayed. The
CD door will open. Load the desired disc, one at a time. The CD is
loaded into position and the audio system will display CD#. Each time
the CD door opens, INSERT CD# is displayed. The door will close and
the player will move to the next slot after each disc has been loaded.
The process is repeated until all 6 slots are full. The audio system plays
the last CD loaded and the display is updated. If some slots are already
full and autoload is activated, the system will fill all empty slots.
42
Controls and features
Eject
Press the EJ control to stop and
eject a CD. You can choose which
CD will be ejected by pressing the
EJ control and the desired preset
number (1–6). For example, to eject CD 2, press the EJ control and then
press the preset 2 control. If you do not choose a specific CD, the player
will eject the current CD.
If a CD is ejected and not removed from the door of the CD player, the
player will automatically reload the CD. This feature may be used when
the ignition is ON or OFF.
Auto eject
Press and momentarily hold the EJ
control to engage auto eject. All CDs
which are present in the player will
be ejected one at a time. If a CD is
ejected and not removed from the door of the CD player, the player will
automatically reload the CD. This feature may be used when the ignition
is ON or OFF.
Rewind
The rewind control works in CD
modes.
Press and hold the REW control
until the desired selection is
reached. If the beginning of the disc is reached, the CD will begin play at
the first track. Release the control to disengage rewind mode.
When in rewind mode, your audio system will automatically lower the
volume level of the playing media.
43
Controls and features
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
CD modes.
Press and hold the FF control until
the desired selection is reached. If
the end of the disc is reached, the CD will return to the first track on
the first disc. Release the control to disengage fast forward mode.
When in fast forward mode, your audio system will automatically lower
the volume level of the playing media.
Shuffle feature
Press the SHUF control until the
desired shuffle mode is displayed.
The audio system will then engage
the desired shuffle mode.
When engaged, the shuffle feature has two different modes: SHUFFLE
DISC and SHUFFLE TRK.
SHUFFLE DISC randomly plays tracks from all the discs presently in the
audio system.
SHUFFLE TRK plays all the tracks on the current disc in random order.
Compression feature
The compression feature operates in
CD mode and brings soft and loud
CD passages together for a more
consistent listening level.
MENU
+
SEL
Press the MENU control until compression status is displayed. Press the
SEL control to enable the compression feature when COMP OFF is
displayed. Press the SEL control again to disable the feature when COMP
ON is displayed.
44
Controls and features
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the BASS control. Use the
SEL control to increase or decrease
the amount of bass.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
Press the TREB control. Use the
SEL control to increase or decrease
the amount of treble.
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the BAL control. Use the SEL
control to adjust the sound between
the speakers.
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the FADE control. Use the
SEL control to adjust the sound
between the front and rear speakers.
BASS
+
SEL
+
SEL
+
SEL
+
SEL
TREB
BASS
TREB
BAL
FADE
BAL
FADE
45
Controls and features
Menu mode
The MENU control allows you to
MENU
access many different features
within your audio system. There are
three sets of menus available
depending upon which mode or
feature is activated.
While in FM mode, two menus are
available. If RDS is turned OFF,
you can access the following:
• SELECT HOURS — Refer to Setting the clock.
• SELECT MINUTES — Refer to Setting the clock.
• RDS OFF — Refer to Radio data system feature.
If RDS is turned ON, you can access the following:
• TRAFFIC ON/OFF-Refer to Traffic announcements.
• FIND type-Refer to Program type.
• SHOW (NAME, TYPE, NONE)- Refer to Radio data system feature.
• RDS ON— Refer to Radio data system feature.
• SELECT HOURS — Refer to Setting the clock.
• SELECT MINUTES —Refer to Setting the clock.
When in CD mode, you can access: SELECT HOURS, SELECT MINUTES
or COMP ON/OFF.
SELECT HOURS, SELECT MINUTES— Allows you to adjust the hours
and minutes. Refer to Setting the clock.
TRAFFIC ON/OFF— Traffic announcements can be programmed as local
or distant. Refer to Traffic announcements.
RDS ON/OFF— This feature allows your audio system to receive text
information from RDS-equipped FM radio stations. Refer to Radio Data
System feature.
FIND type — Allows you to select your desired FM program type and
search for that selection.
SHOW — Allows you to select from NAME (displays the name of the
radio station), TYPE (displays the RDS program type: rock, jazz, etc.), or
NONE (deactivates the RDS display).
46
Controls and features
Traffic announcements
This feature allows you to hear
traffic announcements. When in this
MENU
+ SEL
mode, traffic announcements will
interrupt radio and CD play.
When in FM mode and RDS is
activated, press the MENU until TRAFFIC OFF displays. Press the SEL
control to engage the feature. The display will read TRAFFIC ON.
This feature also allows you to control the volume of traffic
announcements. With the display reading TRAFFIC ON, adjust the
volume using the volume control to the desired level. The volume level
will show at the bottom of the display. Interrupting traffic
announcements will be at the selected volume level.
To disengage the feature, press the MENU control until TRAFFIC ON
displays. Press the SEL control. The display will read TRAFFIC OFF.
RDS traffic seek feature
When in traffic mode, you can use the SEEK feature to seek up or down
the listenable traffic capable frequencies.
With the RDS activated, press MENU until TRAFFIC ON is displayed.
Press and hold the SEEK control until the desired selection is reached.
The feature disengages when the control is released.
RDS traffic scan feature
When in traffic mode, you can use the SCAN feature to scan up the
frequency band for listenable traffic capable frequencies.
With the RDS activated, press the MENU control until TRAFFIC ON is
displayed. Press the SCAN control. SCAN TRAFFIC will display. The
audio system will scan to all traffic capable frequencies. If no valid
stations are found after one pass, the scan function is cancelled and NOT
FOUND displays.
47
Controls and features
Radio data system (RDS) feature
This feature allows your audio
system to receive text information
MENU
+ SEL
from RDS-equipped FM radio
stations.
To activate RDS:
• When in FM mode, press the MENU control until RDS OFF displays.
• Press the SEL control to engage this feature (RDS ON).
RDS features:
Once the RDS feature is on, press the MENU control to scroll through
the following selections:
Traffic announcements
This feature allows you to hear traffic announcements while in CD mode.
These announcements are broadcast by traffic capable RDS stations.
When in this mode, traffic announcements will interrupt radio and CD
play.
• Press the MENU control until TRAFFIC is displayed.
• Press the SEL control to engage the feature. The display will read
TRAFFIC ON.
This feature also allows you to control the volume of traffic
announcements. With the display reading TRAFFIC ON, adjust the
volume using the volume control to the desired level. The volume level
will show at the bottom of the display. Interrupting traffic
announcements will be at the selected volume level.
To disengage the feature, press the MENU control until TRAFFIC ON
displays. Press the SEL control. The display will read TRAFFIC OFF.
Traffic announcements not available in most U.S. markets.
Program type
This feature allows you to search for RDS stations selectively by their
program type.
48
Controls and features
Press the MENU control until FIND
program type is displayed.
MENU
+ SEL
Use the SEL control to select the
program type. With the feature on,
use the SEEK or SCAN control to
find the desired program type from the following selections:
• Classic
• Country
• Info
• Jazz
• Oldies
• R&B
• Religious
• Rock
• Soft
• Top 40
Show
This feature allows you to select the
type of RDS broadcast information
the radio will regularly show in the
display.
MENU
+
SEL
With RDS activated, press the
MENU control until SHOW is
MENU
+ SEL
displayed.
Use the SEL control to select TYPE
(displays the RDS program type:
rock, jazz, etc), NAME (displays the name of the radio station) or NONE
(deactivates the RDS display).
Digital signal processing (if equipped)
The digital signal processing (DSP) feature allows you to change the
signal mode to suit your listening tastes.
49
Controls and features
Press the DSP control to access the
DSP menu. Press the SEL control to
DSP
SEL
+
enter one of the following modes:
• DSP OFF
• SIGNAL MODE
• OCCUPANCY MODE
Use the SEL control to select the
desired signal mode (the selected
SEL
mode will appear in the display).
The following signal modes can be
selected:
• DSP OFF—disengages the feature
• NEWS—”voice-only” type of sound with a limited audio band
• JAZZ CLUB—jazz club with clearly reflected sounds
• HALL—rectangular concert hall capacity of about 2 000
• CHURCH—church with a high vault
• STADIUM—outdoor stadium with a capacity of about 30 000
Press the DSP control again to access the occupancy modes. Use the
SEL control to optimize the sound based upon the occupants in the
vehicle. The following occupancy modes can be selected:
• ALL SEATS
• DRIVER SEAT
• REAR SEATS
Mute mode
Press the control to mute the
playing media. Press the control
again to return to the playing media.
Setting the clock
Press the MENU control until
SELECT HOUR or SELECT
MINUTE is displayed. (The menu
mode must be engaged to enable
clock mode).
50
Controls and features
Use the SEL control to manually set
the time.
SEL
• Press
to increase
hours/minutes.
to decrease
• Press
hours/minutes.
Press the MENU control again to disengage the clock mode.
Rear seat controls (if equipped)
The rear seat controls allow the
middle seat passengers to operate
the radio, tape, CD or CD changer
(if equipped).
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
To turn on the rear seat controls,
1
2
3
5
6
4
press the memory preset controls 3
and 5 at the same time. The
will appear in the display.
Pressing 3 and 5 at the same time
again will turn the rear seat controls
off.
If there is a discrepancy between the rear seat and the front audio
controls, (such as both trying to listen to the same playing media), the
front audio system will receive the desired selection.
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
COMP
SHUFFLE
51
Controls and features
Adjusting the volume
Press the + control to increase
volume.
Press the - control to decrease
volume.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
From the rear seat controls, volume control can be set no higher than
the current radio setting unless the speakers are turned off. Refer to
Turning speakers on and off.
Turning the speakers on and off
Press to turn all speakers on or off.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
Using headphones
Plug a 3.5 mm headphone (not included) into the
jack. Press the
speaker on/off control to operate the headphones.
The speakers will cut out once the speaker on/off control is pressed.
Press the control again to deactivate the headphones.
52
Controls and features
Mode select
Push the MODE control to toggle
between AM, FM1, FM2, tape, CD or
CD changer (if equipped).
Memory preset control
Push the MEMORY control
successively to allow rear seat
passengers to scroll through the 6
memory presets in AM, FM1 or
FM2.
Push the MEMORY control in CD
changer mode (if equipped) to
advance to the next disc.
Seek function
• In radio mode, press
to find
the next listenable station down
the frequency band.
• In radio mode, press
to find
the next listenable station up the
frequency band.
• In tape mode, use the SEEK
function to access the next
or
previous
selection.
• In CD mode (if equipped), use
the SEEK function to access the next
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
or previous
selection.
53
Controls and features
Cleaning compact discs
Inspect all discs for contamination before playing. If necessary, clean
discs only with an approved CD cleaner and wipe from the center out to
the edge. Do not use circular motion.
CD and CD changer care
• Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the playing surface.
• Do not expose discs to direct sunlight or heat sources for extended
periods of time.
• Do not insert more than one disc into each slot of the CD changer
magazine.
Do not insert any promotional (odd shaped or sized) discs, or discs
with removable labels into the CD player as jamming may occur.
Cleaning cassette player (if equipped)
Clean the tape player head with a cassette cleaning cartridge after 10 to
12 hours of play in order to maintain the best sound and operation.
Cassette and cassette player care
• Use only cassettes that are 90 minutes long or less.
• Do not expose tapes to direct sunlight, high humidity, extreme heat or
extreme cold. Allow tapes that may have been exposed to extreme
temperatures to reach a moderate temperature before playing.
• Tighten very loose tapes by inserting a finger or pencil into the hole
and turning the hub.
• Remove loose labels before inserting tapes.
• Do not leave tapes in the cassette player for a long time when not
being played.
Radio frequency information
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Commission(CRTC) establish the frequencies AM
and FM stations may use for their broadcasts. Allowable frequencies are:
AM 530, 540–1600, 1610 kHz
FM 87.7, 87.9–107.7, 107.9 MHz
Not all frequencies are used in a given area.
54
Controls and features
Radio reception factors
Three factors can affect radio reception:
• Distance/strength. The further an FM signal travels, the weaker it is.
The listenable range of the average FM station is approximately 40 km
(24 miles). This range can be affected by “signal modulation.” Signal
modulation is a process radio stations use to increase their
strength/volume relative to other stations.
• Terrain. Hills, mountains and tall buildings between your vehicle’s
antenna and the radio station signal can cause FM reception problems.
Static can be caused on AM stations by power lines, electric fences,
traffic lights and thunderstorms. Moving away from an interfering
structure (out of its “shadow”) returns your reception to normal.
• Station overload. Weak signals are sometimes captured by stronger
signals when you pass a broadcast tower. A stronger signal may
temporarily overtake a weaker signal and play while the weak station
frequency is displayed.
The audio system automatically switches to single channel reception if it
will improve the reception of a station normally received in stereo.
Audio system warranties and service
Refer to the Warranty Guide for audio system warranty information.
If service is necessary, see your dealer or a qualified technician.
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
signal.
55
Controls and features
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows the electrical
4
accessories such as the radio to
3
operate while the engine is not
5
running.
2. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,
2
automatic transmission gearshift
lever and allows key removal.
1
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all
accessories without locking the
steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning lights illuminated. Key
position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
Do not shift the gearshift lever
into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
Do not use the speed
control in heavy traffic or
on roads that are winding,
slippery, or unpaved.
56
ON
OFF
Controls and features
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
Once speed control is switched off,
the previously programmed set
speed will be erased.
ON
OFF
To set a speed
• Press SET ACC. For speed
control to operate, the speed
control must be ON and the
vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it increases above the
set speed on a downhill. If your vehicle speed is faster than the set
speed while driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the next
lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RSM will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
57
Controls and features
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET ACC. Release
the control when the desired
vehicle speed is reached or
RSM
• Press and release SET ACC to
SET
operate the Tap-Up function.
ACC
Each press will increase the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
COAST
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal. When the desired vehicle
speed is reached, press and
release SET ACC.
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any time during speed
control usage. Releasing the accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to
the previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold COAST. Release
the control when the desired
speed is reached or
• Press and release COAST to
operate the Tap-Down function.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET ACC.
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
58
Controls and features
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal or
• Depress the clutch pedal (if
equipped).
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed or engine
RPM.
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed or
engine RPM.
ON
OFF
59
Controls and features
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RSM. For RSM to operate,
the vehicle speed must be faster
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
Indicator light
This light comes on when either the
SPEED
SET ACCEL or RES controls are
pressed. It turns off when the speed
CONT
control OFF control is pressed, the
brake is applied, the clutch pedal is applied (if equipped), or the ignition
is turned to the OFF position.
60
Controls and features
TILT STEERING WHEEL (IF EQUIPPED)
Pull the tilt steering control toward
you to move the steering wheel up
or down. Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to the desired
position, then release the control to
lock the steering wheel in position.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.
HAZARD FLASHER
For information on the hazard flasher control, refer to Hazard flasher in
the Roadside emergencies chapter.
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper control
to the desired interval, low or high
speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
61
Controls and features
Push (tap) the end of the stalk
briefly for a single swipe (no wash).
Push and hold for three swipes with
wash. Push and hold for a longer
wash (up to ten seconds).
Speed dependent wipers
When the windshield wiper control is set on the intermittent settings,
speed-sensitive front wipers automatically adjust as the vehicle’s speed
changes.
OVERDRIVE CONTROL
Activating overdrive
(Overdrive) is the normal drive position for the best fuel economy.
The overdrive function allows automatic upshifts and downshifts through
all available gears.
Deactivating overdrive
Press the Transmission Control
Switch (TCS) located on the end of
O/D
ON/OFF
the gearshift lever. The
Transmission Control Indicator Light
(TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster. The transmission will operate in all gears except
overdrive.
To return to normal overdrive mode,
press the Transmission Control
O/D
ON/OFF
Switch again. The TCIL will no
longer be illuminated.
When you shut off and re-start your
vehicle, the transmission will automatically return to normal
(Overdrive) mode.
For additional information about the gearshift lever and the transmission
control switch operation refer to the Automatic Transmission
Operation section of the Driving chapter.
62
Controls and features
OVERHEAD CONSOLE (IF EQUIPPED)
The appearance of your vehicle’s overhead console will vary according to
your option package.
Storage compartment (if equipped)
Press the OPEN control to open the
storage compartment. The door will
open slightly and can be moved to
full open.
The storage compartment may be
used to secure sunglasses or a
similar object.
Installing a garage door opener (if equipped)
The storage compartment can be converted to accommodate a variety of
aftermarket garage door openers:
• Remove the storage clip from the
door.
• Place Velcro hook onto side of
aftermarket transmitter opposite
of actuator control.
• Place the transmitter into storage
compartment, control down.
63
Controls and features
• Place the provided height
adaptors onto the back of the
GARAGE control as needed.
• Press the GARAGE control to
activate the transmitter.
Moon roof (if equipped)
You can move the glass panel of the moon roof back to open or tilt up to
ventilate the vehicle.
To open the moon roof:
The moon roof is equipped with an
automatic, one-touch, express
opening feature. Press and
momentarily hold the rear portion of
the control. To stop motion at any
time during the one-touch opening,
press the control a second time.
To close the moon roof:
Press and hold the front portion of
the control until the glass panel
stops moving. Once fully closed, the rear of the glass panel will appear
higher than the front edge.
To vent:
To tilt the moon roof into the vent position (when the glass panel is
closed), press and hold the front portion of the control. To close the
moon roof from the vent position, press and hold the rear portion of the
control until the glass panel stops moving.
If the battery is disconnected, discharged, or a new battery is installed,
the moon roof needs to be opened to the vent position to reset the moon
roof positions.
The moon roof has a sliding shade that can be opened or closed when
the glass panel is shut. To close the shade, pull it toward the front of the
vehicle.
LAMP
64
MODE
LAMP
Controls and features
Do not let children play with the moon roof. They may seriously
hurt themselves.
Electronic compass/temperature display (if equipped)
Outside air temperature
The outside temperature display is
contained in the overhead console.
The temperature display can be
turned off and on by pressing the
MODE control on the overhead
console. The temperature can be
displayed in Centigrade or
Fahrenheit by pressing the MODE
control.
If the outside temperature falls
below 3.3°C (38°F), the display will
alternate from “ICE” to the outside
temperature at a two second rate
73° NW
for one minute.
Compass
The compass display is contained in the overhead console. The vehicle
heading is displayed as one of N, NE, E, SE, S, SW, W and NW.
The compass reading may be affected when you drive near large
buildings, bridges, power lines and powerful broadcast antenna. Magnetic
or metallic objects placed in or on the vehicle may also affect compass
accuracy. Adjustments may need to be made to the zone and calibration
of the compass.
OPEN
GARAGE
LAMP
MODE
LAMP
65
Controls and features
Compass zone adjustment
1. Determine which magnetic zone
you are in by referring to the zone
map.
1
15
2
14
3
13
4
12
11
5
6
10
7
2. Turn ignition to the ON position.
3. Press and hold the MODE control
until VAR appears in the display,
then release. The display should
show the current zone number.
4. Press the MODE control until the
desired zone number appears. The
display will flash and then return to
normal operation. The zone is now
updated.
66
LAMP
9
MODE
LAMP
VAR
8
9
Controls and features
Compass calibration adjustment
Perform this adjustment in an open
area free from steel structures and
high voltage lines:
• Press and hold the MODE control
until CAL appears in the display
(approximately eight seconds)
and release.
• Drive the vehicle slowly (less
than 5 km/h [3 mph]) in circles
until CAL indicator turns off in
about 2–3 complete circles.
LAMP
MODE
LAMP
CAL
Interior Lamps
Courtesy/reading lamps
The courtesy lamp lights when:
• any door is opened.
• the instrument panel dimmer
switch is held up until the
courtesy lamps come on.
• the UNLOCK control of the
remote entry controls is pressed
and the ignition is OFF.
The reading lamps can be turned on
by pressing the rocker controls next
to each lamp.
If equipped with Remote Keyless Entry, the courtesy lamp will illuminate
whenever any door is opened and will remain on for 25 seconds after the
door is shut or when the ignition is turned to the ON position.
67
Controls and features
POWER WINDOWS
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and close windows.
• Press the top portion of the
rocker switch to close.
AUTO
• Press the bottom portion of the
rocker switch to open.
AUTO
One touch down
• Press AUTO completely down and
release quickly. The driver’s
window will open fully. Depress
again to stop window operation.
One touch down can be deactivated
during operation by pushing down
on the top part of the driver power
window control.
68
AUTO
Controls and features
Window lock
The window lock feature allows only
the driver to operate the power
windows.
To lock out all the window controls
except for the driver’s press the left
side of the control. Press the right
side to restore the window controls.
POWER DOOR LOCKS
Press control to unlock all doors.
Press control to lock all doors.
69
Controls and features
Childproof door locks
When these locks are set, the rear
doors cannot be opened from the
inside. The rear doors can be
opened from the outside when the
doors are unlocked.
The childproof locks are located on
rear edge of each rear door and
must be set separately for each
door. Setting the lock for one door
will not automatically set the lock
for both doors.
Move lock control up to engage the
childproof lock. Move control down
to disengage childproof locks.
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS
To adjust your mirrors:
to adjust the left
1. Select
mirror or
to adjust the right
mirror.
70
LOCKED
VERROUILLÉE
DOOR
WHEN LOCKED
FROM
WON'T OPEN
INSIDE
ILLÉE AINSI
VERROU
NE PEUT
LA PORTE
DE
S DUYRIR
L'INTER IEUR
CHILD LOCK
BELOW
TS CI-DESSOUS
ENFAN
SECURITÉ
Controls and features
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
3. Return to the center position to disable adjust function.
Fold-away mirrors
Pull the side mirrors in carefully
when driving through a narrow
space, like an automatic car wash.
71
Controls and features
CENTER CONSOLE
Your vehicle may be equipped with a
variety of console features. These
include:
• Utility compartment with compact
disc storage
• Auxiliary power point
• Cupholders
• Ashcup
• Removable utility bag (if
equipped)
• Writing surface with note pad
• Coin holder
• Armrest
Use only soft cups in the cupholder. Hard objects can injure you
in a collision.
72
Controls and features
AUXILIARY POWER POINT
The power point is an additional power source for electrical accessories.
• With full console.
• Without full console.
Power outlets are designed for accessory plugs only. Do not hang
any type of accessory or accessory bracket from the plug.
Improper use of the power outlet can cause damage not covered
by your warranty.
Truck bed auxiliary power point
Power outlets are designed for accessory plugs only. Do not hang
any type of accessory or accessory bracket from the plug.
Improper use of the power outlet can cause damage not covered
by your warranty.
An additional auxiliary power point is located in the bed of the truck.
73
Controls and features
Lift the cover to access the auxiliary
power point.
POSITIVE RETENTION FLOOR MAT
Position the floor mat so that the
eyelets are over the pointed end of
the retention posts and rotate
forward to lock in. Make sure that
the mat does not interfere with the
operation of the accelerator or the
brake pedal. To remove the floor
mat, reverse the installation
procedure.
74
Controls and features
TAILGATE LOCK
Your vehicle is equipped with a
tailgate lock designed to prevent
theft of the tailgate.
• Insert ignition key and turn to the
right to engage lock.
• Turn ignition key to the left to
unlock.
TAILGATE REMOVAL
Your tailgate is removable to allow
more room for loading.
1. Lower the tailgate.
2. Use a screwdriver to pry the
spring clip (on each connector) past
the head of the support screw.
Disconnect cable.
3. Disconnect the other cable.
4. Lift tailgate to a 45 degree angle.
5. Lift right side off of its hinge.
6. Lift left side off of its hinge.
To install, follow the removal
procedures in reverse order.
75
Controls and features
CARGO CAGE (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a cargo cage designed to extend the
pickup box for larger loads.
To extend the cargo cage:
1. Lower tailgate.
2. Pull the round knobs on each side
of the cargo cage to release it from
the pickup box.
Red markings behind the knobs
indicate the unlocked position.
3. Lift the cargo cage over on to the
tailgate.
76
Controls and features
4. Evenly push down on the cargo
cage and push the round knobs in
on each side locking it in place.
To stow the cargo cage, follow steps
one through four in reverse order.
The cargo cage may be used to
secure a load of up to 46 kg
(100 lbs.) on the tailgate.
The cargo cage should always be
kept in the stowed position with
the tailgate closed when not in
use.
77
Controls and features
Activating Cargo Cage Thief
Deterrent device:
The following procedure can be
done with the cargo cage in the
stowed or extended position.
1. Locate the phillips head screw in
the middle of the vertical brace on
the locking clip.
2. Turn the screw counterclockwise
until you hear an audible click.
3. To deavtivate, turn the screw
clockwise until the locking clip
moves freely.
78
Controls and features
To remove the cargo cage:
1. Extend the cargo cage.
2. Pull the round knobs on each side
of the cage to unlock it.
Make sure the locking clip screws
are loose before removing the cargo
cage.
3. Press the locking clips below the
middle bar and lift the cargo cage
out of the channels on the “D” pillar.
To install the cargo cage, follow the
removal procedure in reverse order.
EXTERIOR TIEDOWN HOOKS
Exterior tiedown hooks mounted on
the side of the pickup box:
• can be used to secure loads
within the pickup box.
• can be used to secure half the
tonneau cover in an open
position.
• allow for continued use of the
stake pockets.
Each tiedown hook can secure loads
of up to 350 kg (770 lbs.) inside the
pickup box (total load not to exceed
box payload of 1000kg (2,200 lbs)).
Loads can be secured to the hooks with up to three wraps of 10 mm
rope.
79
Controls and features
TONNEAU COVER (IF EQUIPPED)
The tonneau cover has been designed to maximize fuel economy and
should be fully installed whenever possible.
The rear panel can be folded in half and secured behind the cab, or the
whole cover can be removed completely from the vehicle.
To avoid damage to the cover, do not operate the vehicle unless
the cover is fully installed, or securely stowed.
To avoid damage to the cover, do not stand, sit or load anything
on top of the cover.
Refer to Tonneau cover care in the Maintenance and care chapter.
To open the front panel:
• Open the lock cover and unlock the front panel.
• Lift the panel to access items in the pickup box near the cab.
• To close, lower the panel down on the pickup box.
The panel will automatically lock when lowered onto the pickup
box.
80
Controls and features
Do not drive with front panel unlocked or folded on top of the
rear panel.
To open the rear panel:
• Open the lock cover and unlock the rear panel.
• Lift the rear panel to access items in the pickup box.
• To close, lower the rear panel on the pickup box.
The panel will automatically lock when lowered onto the pickup
box.
81
Controls and features
To stow the rear panel:
• Before driving with the rear panel open, unlock the rear panel.
• Lift the rear panel up, lay it on top of the front panel and secure it
with the two straps to the exterior tiedowns on the pickup box.
Failure to secure the rear panel could damage the tonneau cover
or vehicle.
82
Controls and features
To remove the tonneau cover:
The tonneau cover weighs 29 kg (70 lbs.) and needs to be supported
during removal since the panels will automatically lock when set down
on the pickup box. This is a two person operation.
• Unlock and support the front and rear panels.
• Fold the rear panel on top of the front panel.
• Pull the release levers on the underside of the tonnneau cover from
the pickup box and remove the cover.
For installation of the tonneau cover, reverse the removal procedure.
INTERIOR TONNEAU COVER RELEASE
Your vehicle is equipped with a mechanical interior tonneau cover
release handle that provides a means of escape for children and adults in
the event they become locked inside the pickup box.
Adults are advised to familiarize themselves with the operation and
location of the release handle.
83
Controls and features
To open the tonneau cover from the
inside, pull the “T” shaped handle
and push up on the tonneau cover
panel. The material that the handle
is made of will glow for hours in the
darkness of the pickup box following
brief exposure to ambient light.
The “T” shaped handle is located on
the tonneau cover panel.
Keep vehicle doors and tonneau cover locked and keep keys out
of a child’s reach. Unsupervised children could lock themselves
in an open pickup box and risk injury. Children should be taught not to
play in vehicles.
On hot days, the temperature in the pickup box can rise very
quickly. Exposure of people or animals to these high
temperatures for even a short time can cause death or serious
heat-related injuries, including brain damage. Small children are
particularly at risk.
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) This device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
The remote entry system allows you to lock or unlock all vehicle doors
without a key.
84
Controls and features
The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the LOCK
position.
If there is any potential remote keyless entry problem with your vehicle,
ensure ALL key fobs (remote entry transmitters) are brought to the
dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver’s door. The interior lamps will
illuminate.
Press the control a second time
within three seconds to unlock all
doors.
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors.
To confirm doors are closed and
locked, press this control a second
time within three seconds. The
door(s) will lock again, the horn will
chirp once and the lamps will flash.
If any of the doors are open or ajar,
the horn will make two quick chirps,
reminding you to properly close the
doors.
85
Controls and features
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to activate the
alarm.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
control again or turn the ignition to
ON.
Panic alarm will only operate with
the ignition in the OFF position.
Replacing the battery
The transmitter is powered by one coin type three-volt lithium battery
CR2032 or equivalent. Typical operating range will allow you to be up to
10 meters (33 feet) away from your vehicle. A decrease in operating
range can be caused by:
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two
halves of the transmitter near the
key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE
FRONT PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new
battery in the same orientation.
Refer to the diagram inside the
transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back
together.
86
Controls and features
Replacing lost transmitters
If a remote transmitter has been lost
and you would like to remove it
from the vehicle’s memory, or you
would like to purchase additional
remote transmitters and have them
programmed to your vehicle:
• Take all your vehicle’s
transmitters to your dealer for
programming, or
• Perform the programming
procedure yourself
Programming remote transmitters
It is necessary to have all (maximum of four — original and/or new) of
your remote transmitters available prior to beginning this procedure.
To program the transmitters yourself:
• Place the key in the ignition and
turn from 2 (LOCK) to 3 (OFF)
4
and cycle between 3 (OFF) and
3
4(ON) eight times in rapid
5
succession (within 10 seconds)
with the eighth turn ending in the
2
4 (ON) position. The doors will
lock/unlock to confirm that
programming mode has been
1
entered.
• Within 20 seconds, program a
remote transmitter by pressing any button on a transmitter. The doors
will lock/unlock to confirm that the remote transmitter has been
programmed. (If more than 20 seconds pass before pressing a remote
transmitter button, the programming mode will exit and the procedure
will have to be repeated.)
• Repeat the previous step to program additional remote transmitters.
The doors will lock/unlock to confirm that each remote transmitter has
been programmed.
• When you have completed programming the remote transmitters, turn
the ignition to 3 (OFF). Again the doors will lock/unlock to confirm
programming has been completed.
87
Controls and features
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry system is used to
unlock the door(s) or sound the personal alarm.
The system automatically turns off after 25 seconds or when the ignition
is turned to the ON position. The dome lamp control (if equipped) must
not be set to the OFF position for the illuminated entry system to
operate.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer control or
• any door is open
The battery saver will shut off the interior lamps 40 minutes after the
ignition has been turned to the OFF position.
Power door trim switch inhibit
Twenty seconds after the ignition is
OFF and the doors are closed and
locked, the power door switch
UNLOCK function will not work (the
LOCK function will still work).
The UNLOCK function will operate
again after the door becomes ajar,
the ignition is turned ON or a valid UNLOCK command is received from
the key fob or key pad.
KEYLESS ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
With the keyless entry keypad, you
can:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
• lock or unlock the vehicle doors
without using the key
• activate/deactivate the autolock feature
See also Remote entry system in this chapter for more information.
Your vehicle has a factory-set 5–digit code that operates the keyless
entry system. You can also program your own 5–digit personal entry
code.
88
Controls and features
The factory-set code is located:
• on the owner’s wallet card in the glove compartment
• marked on the computer module
When pressing the controls on the keyless entry keypad, press the
middle of the controls to ensure a good activation.
Programming your own personal entry code
1. Enter the factory-set code (keypad will illuminate when pressed).
2. Press the 1/2 control within five
seconds of step 1.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
3. Enter your personal 5 digit code.
Enter each digit within five seconds
of the previous one.
Do not set a code that includes five of the same number or presents
them in sequential order. Thieves can easily figure out these types of
codes.
Your personal code does not replace the permanent code that the
dealership gave you. You can use either code to unlock your vehicle. If a
second personal code is entered, the module will erase the first personal
code in favor of the new code.
If you wish to erase your personal code, use the following instructions:
Erasing personal code
1. Enter the factory-set code.
2. Press and hold 1/2 for two
seconds within five seconds of
step 1.
The system will now only respond
to the factory-set code.
1 2
3 4
5 6
7 8
9 0
89
Controls and features
Anti-scan feature
The keyless entry pad is disabled for
1 minute after 7 unsuccessful
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
attempts at entering a valid key
code. The keypad will flash during
this 1 minute mode. However, the 7/8 and 9/0 controls will still lock the
vehicle.
Anti-scan will turned off after:
• one minute of keypad inactivity
• the keyfob UNLOCK button is pressed.
• the ignition is turned to the ON position
Unlocking the doors with the keyless entry system
To unlock the driver’s door, enter either the factory-set code or personal
code (each digit pressed within five seconds of the prior digit). The
interior lamps will illuminate.
To unlock all doors, enter the
factory-set code or personal code
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
(driver door unlocks) and press the
3/4 control within five seconds.
Locking the doors with the keyless entry system
To lock all the doors, press 7/8 and
9/0 at the same time. It is not
1 2 3 4 5 6
necessary to first enter the keypad
code.
90
7 8
9 0
Controls and features
Autolock
The autolock feature will lock all of the vehicle doors when:
• all doors are closed
• ignition key is in the ON position
• you shift into or through R (reverse)
• the brake pedal is released
The autolock feature repeats when:
• any door is opened then closed while the engine is running and
• you put the vehicle in motion by releasing the brake pedal
Deactivating autolock
Before following the activation or deactivation procedures, make sure
that the ignition is OFF and all vehicle doors are closed.
1. Enter the 5 digit entry code.
2. Press the 7/8 control while
holding the 3/4 control.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
3. Release the 3/4 control then
release the 7/8 control.
The horn will chirp once if autolock
was deactivated or twice (one short
and one long chirp) if autolock was
activated.
To reactivate autolock, repeat steps 1 through 3.
Autolock can also be activated or deactivated with the power door lock
control using the following procedure:
You must complete steps 1 through 5 within 30 seconds or the procedure
will have to be repeated. If the procedure needs to be repeated, you
must wait 30 seconds.
1. Turn the ignition key from OFF to ON.
2. Press the power door UNLOCK control three times.
3. Turn the ignition key from ON to OFF.
4. Press the power door UNLOCK control three times.
5. Turn the ignition key from OFF to ON. A horn chirp indicates the
enable/disable feature is entered.
91
Controls and features
6. Press the power door UNLOCK control one time.
7. Press the power door LOCK control to toggle the Autolock/Relock
state. You will receive a horn chirp followed by either a long honk,
autolock/relock is enabled, or no honk, autolock/relock is disabled.
8. Turn ignition to OFF.
If autolock/relock has been changed, the horn will chirp to confirm
procedure is complete.
SECURILOCKY PASSIVE ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM
SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system is an engine immobilization
system. This system prevents the engine from being started unless a
coded key programmed to your vehicle is used.
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system is not compatible with
non-Ford aftermarket remote start systems. Use of these systems may
result in vehicle starting problems and a loss of security protection.
Automatic arming
The vehicle is armed immediately
after switching the ignition to the 3
(OFF) position. The THEFT light in
the instrument cluster will flash
every two seconds when the vehicle
is armed.
4
3
5
2
1
Automatic disarming
Switching the ignition to the 4 (ON) position with a coded key disarms
the vehicle. The THEFT light will illuminate for three seconds and then
go out. If the THEFT light stays on for an extended period of time or
flashes rapidly, have the system serviced by your dealership or a
qualified technician.
92
Controls and features
Key information
Your vehicle is supplied with two
coded keys. Only a coded key will
start your vehicle. Spare coded keys
can be purchased from your
dealership. Your dealership can
program your key or you can “do it
yourself”, refer to Programming
spare keys.
Large metallic objects, electronic
devices on the key chain that can be
used to purchase gasoline or similar
items, or a second key on the same
key ring as the coded key may
cause vehicle starting issues. If
present, you need to keep these
objects from touching the coded
key while starting the engine. These
objects and devices cannot damage
the coded key, but can cause a
momentary NO—START condition if
they are too close to the key during
engine start. If a problem occurs,
turn ignition OFF and restart the
engine with all other objects on the
key ring held away from the ignition
key. Check to make sure the coded key is an approved Ford coded key.
93
Controls and features
If your keys are lost or stolen you
will need to do the following:
• Use your spare key to start the
vehicle, or
• Have your vehicle towed to a
dealership or locksmith. The key
codes will need to be erased from
your vehicle and new key codes will need to be re-coded.
Replacing coded keys can be very costly and you may want to store an
extra programmed key away from the vehicle in a safe place to prevent
an unforeseen inconvenience.
The correct coded key must be used for your vehicle. The use of the
wrong type of coded key may lead to a “NO-START” condition.
If an unprogrammed key is used in the ignition it will cause a
“NO START” condition.
Programming spare keys
A maximum of eight keys can be coded to your vehicle. Only
SecuriLocky keys can be used. To program a coded key yourself, you
will need two previously programmed coded keys (keys that already
operate your vehicle’s engine) and the new unprogrammed key(s) readily
accessible for timely implementation of each step in the procedure.
If two previously programmed coded keys are not available, you must
bring your vehicle to your dealership to have the spare coded key(s)
programmed.
Please read and understand the entire procedure before you begin.
94
Controls and features
1. Insert the first previously
programmed coded key into the
4
ignition and turn the ignition from
3
3 (OFF) to 4 (ON) (maintain
5
ignition in 4 (ON) for at least one
second).
2
2. Turn ignition to 3 (OFF) then
2 (LOCK) and remove the first
coded key from the ignition.
1
3. Within ten seconds of removing
the first coded key, insert the second previously programmed coded
key into the ignition and turn the ignition from 3 (OFF) to 4 (ON)
(maintain ignition in 4 (ON) for at least one second but no more than
ten seconds).
4. Turn the ignition to 3 (OFF) then 2 (LOCK) and remove the second
coded key from the ignition.
5. Within 20 seconds of removing the second coded key, insert the new
unprogrammed key (new key/valet key) into the ignition and turn the
ignition from 3 (OFF) to 4 (ON) (maintain ignition in 4 (ON) for at least
one second). This step will program your new key to a coded key.
6. To program additional new unprogrammed key(s), repeat this
procedure from step 1.
If successful, the new coded key(s) will start the vehicle’s engine and the
theft indicator will illuminate for three seconds and then go out.
If not successful, the new coded key(s) will not start the vehicle’s engine
and the theft indicator will flash on and off and you may repeat steps 1
through 6. If failure repeats, bring your vehicle to your dealership to
have the new spare key(s) programmed.
95
Seating and safety restraints
FRONT SEATS
Adjustable head restraints
Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head restraints which are
vertically adjustable. The purpose of these head restraints is to help limit
head motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly adjust your head
restraints, lift the head restraint so that it is located directly behind your
head or as close to that position as possible. Refer to the following to
raise and lower the head restraints.
The head restraints can be raised to
the desired position by pulling it up.
The head restraints can be tilted
forward or back by holding the head
restraint and rotating to the desired
position.
To lower the head restraints, push
the release control while pushing
down on the head restraint.
96
Seating and safety restraints
Adjusting the front manual seat
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to reduce the risk of
injuring people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Reclining the seatback can reduce the effectiveness of the seat’s
safety belt in the event of a collision.
Lift handle to move seat forward or
backward.
Pull lever up to adjust seatback.
97
Seating and safety restraints
Adjusting the front power seat (if equipped)
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Reclining the seatback can reduce the effectiveness of the seat’s
safety belt in the event of a collision.
The control is located on the outboard side of the seat cushion.
Press to raise or lower the front
portion of the seat cushion.
Press to raise or lower the rear
portion of the seat cushion.
Press the control to move the seat
forward, backward, up or down.
98
Seating and safety restraints
Using the manual lumbar support (if equipped)
Turn the lumbar support control
toward the front of vehicle to move
the lumbar support forward for
more direct support.
Turn the lumbar support control
toward the rear of vehicle to move
the lumbar support back for less
direct support.
REAR SEATS
Adjustable head restraints
Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head restraints which are
vertically adjustable. The purpose of these head restraints is to help limit
head motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly adjust your head
restraints, lift the head restraint so that it is located directly behind your
head or as close to that position as possible. Refer to the following to
raise and lower the head restraints.
Push or pull the head rests to the
desired position.
99
Seating and safety restraints
Folding down rear 60/40 seats
1. Raise the rear seat head restraint.
2. Flip the bottom of the head
restraint up, toward the front seat.
3. While holding the head restraint
in “flat” position, lower the head
restraint to the seat back.
4. Flip the seat release control
toward the front seat.
100
Seating and safety restraints
5. Push the seatback toward the
front seat and completely down
until it locks into place.
A carpeted panel will flip down from
the back panel to complete the load
floor.
Returning the rear 60/40 seats to upright position
1. Push down seatback release
control and pull seatback up and
into upright position making sure
seatback locks into place.
2. Pull head restraint up and return to upright position.
101
Seating and safety restraints
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
To reduce the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
can be properly restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely
to die than a person wearing a safety belt.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm.
2) Never swing the safety belt around your neck over the inside
shoulder. 3) Never use a single belt for more than one person.
102
Seating and safety restraints
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
Energy Management Feature
• This vehicle has a safety belt system with an energy management
feature at the front seating position to help further reduce the risk of
injury in the event of a head-on collision.
• This safety belt system has a retractor assembly that is designed to
pay out webbing in a controlled manner. This feature is designed to
help reduce the belt force acting on the occupant’s chest.
After any vehicle collision, the safety belt system at all outboard
seating positions (except driver, which has no “automatic locking
retractor” feature) must be checked by a qualified technician to verify
that the “automatic locking retractor” feature for child seats is still
functioning properly. In addition, all safety belts should be checked for
proper function.
BELT AND RETRACTOR ASSEMBLY MUST BE REPLACED if
the safety belt assembly “automatic locking retractor” feature or
any other safety belt function is not operating properly when checked
according to the procedures in Workshop Manual.
Failure to replace the Belt and Retractor assembly could
increase the risk of injury in collisions.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) until you hear a snap and feel
it latch. Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened in the buckle.
103
Seating and safety restraints
2. To unfasten, push the release
button and remove the tongue from
the buckle.
The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are
combination lap and shoulder belts. The front passenger and rear seat
outboard safety belts have two types of locking modes described below:
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing free
shoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking in
response to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of
approximately 8 km/h (5 mph) or more, the combination safety belts will
lock to help reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• Any time a child safety seat is installed in a passenger front or
outboard rear seating position (if equipped). Children 12 years old and
under should be properly restrained in the rear seat whenever
possible. Refer to Safety Restraints for Children or Safety Seats for
Children later in this chapter.
104
Seating and safety restraints
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
shoulder belt.
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire
belt is extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
105
Seating and safety restraints
After any vehicle collision, the front passenger outboard seat belt
system must be checked by a qualified technician to verify that
the “automatic locking retractor” feature for child seats is still
functioning properly. In addition, all seat belts should be checked for
proper function.
BELT AND RETRACTOR ASSEMBLY MUST BE REPLACED if
the seat belt assembly “automatic locking retractor” feature or
any other seat belt function is not operating properly when checked
according to the procedures in Workshop Manual.
Failure to replace the Belt and Retractor assembly could
increase the risk of injury in collisions.
Front safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety belt height
adjustments for the driver and front
passenger. Adjust the height of the
shoulder belt so the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder.
To lower the shoulder belt height,
push the button and slide the height
adjuster down. To raise the height
of the shoulder belt, slide the height
adjuster up. Pull down on the height
adjuster to make sure it is locked in
place.
Position the shoulder belt height adjusters so that the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety
belt properly could reduce the effectiveness of the seat belt and
increase the risk of injury in a collision.
106
Seating and safety restraints
Lap belts
Adjusting the lap belt
The lap belt should fit snugly and as low as possible around the
hips, not across the waist.
• 2nd row center seating position
The lap belt will adjust automatically. To fasten, grasp the tongue, and
with a continuous motion, pull out enough webbing to buckle the tongue
into the correct buckle. If you did not pull out enough webbing to reach
the buckle, allow the tongue to retract fully before trying to pull it out
again.
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt is too short when fully extended, there is a 20 cm
(8 inch) safety belt extension assembly that can be added (part number
611C22). This assembly can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended. Do not use extensions to change the
fit of the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
107
Seating and safety restraints
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition switch
is turned to the ON position...
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates 1-2 minutes and the
warning chime sounds 4-8
seconds.
The safety belt warning light and
warning chime turn off.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled
while the indicator light is
illuminated and the warning chime
is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The safety belt warning light and
before the ignition switch is turned indicator chime remain off.
to the ON position...
Belt minder
The Belt Minder feature is a supplemental warning to the safety belt
warning function. This feature provides additional reminders to the
driver that the driver’s safety belt is unbuckled by intermittently
sounding a chime and illuminating the safety belt warning lamp in the
instrument cluster.
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the vehicle has
reached at least 5 km/h (3 mph)
and 1-2 minutes have elapsed
since the ignition switch has been
turned to ON...
Then...
The Belt Minder feature is
activated - the safety belt warning
light illuminates and the warning
chime sounds for 6 seconds every
30 seconds, repeating for
approximately 5 minutes or until
safety belt is buckled.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The Belt Minder feature will not
while the safety belt indicator light activate.
is illuminated and the safety belt
warning chime is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The Belt Minder feature will not
before the ignition switch is turned activate.
to the ON position...
The purpose of the Belt Minder is to remind occasional wearers to wear
safety belts all of the time.
108
Seating and safety restraints
The following are reasons most often given for not wearing safety belts:
(All statistics based on U.S. data)
Reasons given...
“Crashes are rare
events”
Consider...
36 700 crashes occur every day. The more we
drive, the more we are exposed to “rare” events,
even for good drivers. 1 in 4 of us will be
seriously injured in a crash during our lifetime.
“I’m not going far” 3 of 4 fatal crashes occur within 25 miles of home.
“Belts are
We design our safety belts to enhance comfort. If
uncomfortable”
you are uncomfortable - try different positions for
the safety belt upper anchorage and seatback
which should be as upright as possible; this can
improve comfort.
“I was in a hurry” Prime time for an accident. Belt Minder reminds
us to take a few seconds to buckle up.
“Seat belts don’t
Safety belts, when used properly, reduce risk of
work”
death to front seat occupants by 45% in cars,
and by 60% in light trucks.
“Traffic is light”
Nearly 1 of 2 deaths occur in single-vehicle
crashes, many when no other vehicles are around.
“Belts wrinkle my Possibly, but a serious crash can do much more
clothes”
than wrinkle your clothes, particularly if you are
unbelted.
“The people I’m
Set the example, teen deaths occur 4 times more
with don’t wear
often in vehicles with TWO or MORE people.
belts”
Children and younger brothers/sisters imitate
behavior they see.
“I have an air bag” Air bags offer greater protection when used with
safety belts. Frontal airbags are not designed to
inflate in rear and side crashes or rollovers.
“I’d rather be
Not a good idea. People who are ejected are 40
thrown clear”
times more likely to DIE. Safety belts help
prevent ejection, WE CAN’T “PICK OUR CRASH”.
Do not sit on top of a buckled safety belt to avoid the Belt
Minder chime. Sitting on the safety belt will increase the risk of
injury in an accident. To disable (one-time) or deactivate the Belt
Minder feature please follow the directions stated below.
109
Seating and safety restraints
One time disable
Any time the safety belt is buckled and then unbuckled during an ignition
ON cycle, Belt Minder will be disabled for that ignition cycle only.
Deactivating/activating the belt minder feature
Read steps 1 - 9 thoroughly before proceeding with the
deactivation/activation programming procedure.
The Belt Minder feature can be deactivated/activated by performing the
following procedure:
Before following the procedure, make sure that:
• The parking brake is set.
• The gearshift is in P (Park) (automatic transmission) or the neutral
position (manual transmission).
• The ignition switch is in the OFF position.
• All vehicle doors are closed.
• The driver’s safety belt is unbuckled.
• The parklamps/headlamps are in OFF position (If vehicle is equipped
with Autolamps, this will not affect the procedure).
To reduce the risk of injury, do not deactivate/activate the Belt
Minder feature while driving the vehicle.
1. Turn the ignition switch to the RUN (or ON) position. (DO NOT
START THE ENGINE.)
2. Wait until the safety belt warning light turns off. (Approximately 1–2
minutes.)
• Steps 3–5 must be completed within 60 seconds or the procedure will
have to be repeated.
3. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times, ending with the
safety belt unbuckled. This can be done before or during Belt Minder
warning activation.
4. Turn on the parklamps/headlamps, turn off the parklamps/headlamps.
5. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times, ending with the
safety belt unbuckled.
• After step 5 the safety belt warning light will be turned on for three
seconds.
110
Seating and safety restraints
6. Within seven seconds of the safety belt warning light turning off,
buckle then unbuckle the safety belt.
• This will disable Belt Minder if it is currently enabled, or enable Belt
Minder if it is currently disabled.
7. Confirmation of disabling Belt Minder is provided by the safety belt
warning light flashing four times per second for three seconds.
8. Confirmation of enabling Belt Minder is provided by:
• The safety belt warning light flashing four times per second for three
seconds.
• Followed by three seconds with the safety belt warning light off.
• Once again, the safety belt warning light will flash four times per
second for three seconds.
9. After receiving confirmation, the deactivation/activation procedure is
complete.
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make sure
there are no nicks, tears or cuts. Replace if necessary. All safety belt
assemblies, including retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle
assemblies, buckle support assemblies (slide bar-if equipped), shoulder
belt height adjusters (if equipped), shoulder belt guide on seatback (if
equipped), child safety seat tether bracket assemblies (if equipped),
LATCH child seat tether anchors and lower anchors (if equipped), and
attaching hardware, should be inspected after a collision. Ford
recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in vehicles involved in a
collision be replaced. However, if the collision was minor and a qualified
technician finds that the belts do not show damage and continue to
operate properly, they do not need to be replaced. Safety belt assemblies
not in use during a collision should also be inspected and replaced if
either damage or improper operation is noted.
Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety belt
assembly under the above conditions could result in severe
personal injuries in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts in the
Maintenacne and Care section.
111
Seating and safety restraints
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
FUEL DOOR
FUEL
RESET
F
ABS
5
6
50
RPMx1000
40
60 70
80
0 0 0
80
100
30
1
20
0
10
40
20
MPH
90
120
60
2
C
CHECK
ENGINE
140
000000
160
100
180
H
SPEED
CONT
L
110
4WD
HIGH
km/h 120
H
IVE
OVERDR
4WD
LOW
L
!
E
CHECK
SUSP
O/D
OFF
2WD
4X4
HIGH
4X4
LOW
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
SHUF
REW
FF
DSP
BASS
BAL
SEL
RSM
TREB
ON
FADE
PUSH ON
SET
ACCEL
OFF
MUTE
EJ
LOAD
OFF
COAST
AM
FM
1
CD
1
2
3
4
5
6
MENU
2
3
4
A/C
MAX
A/C
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and diagnostic module
which records information about the air bag and sensor systems. In the
event of a collision this module may save information related to the
collision including information about the air bag system and impact
severity. This information will assist Ford in the servicing of your vehicle
and may help Ford better understand real world collisions and further
improve the safety of future vehicles.
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS) precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to work with the safety
belt to help protect the driver and
right front passenger from certain
upper body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT inflate slowly or
gently and the risk of injury from a
deploying air bag is greatest close to
the trim covering the air bag
module.
112
Seating and safety restraints
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
recommends a minimum distance of at least 25 cm (10 inches)
between an occupant’s chest and the driver air bag module.
Never place your arm over the air bag module as a deploying air
bag can result in serious arm fractures or other injuries.
Steps you can take to properly position yourself away from the air bag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the
pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat slightly (one or two degrees) from the upright
position.
Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing
objects on or over the air bag inflation area may cause those
objects to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing
serious injury.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the air bag
supplemental restraint systems or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln Mercury dealer.
Modifications to the front end of the vehicle, including frame,
bumper, front end body structure and tow hooks may affect the
performance of the air bag sensors increasing the risk of injury. Do not
modify the front end of the vehicle.
113
Seating and safety restraints
Additional equipment may affect the performance of the air bag
sensors increasing the risk of injury. Please refer to the Body
Builders Layout Book for instructions about the appropriate installation
of additional equipment.
Children and air bags
For additional important safety
information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.
Children must always be properly
restrained. Accident statistics
suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear
seating positions than in the front
seating position. Failure to follow
these instructions may increase the
risk of injury in a collision.
Air bags can kill or injure a
child in a child seat.
NEVER place a rear-facing child
seat in front of an active air bag. If
you must use a forward-facing
child seat in the front seat, move
the seat all the way back.
114
Seating and safety restraints
How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?
The air bag SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
longitudinal deceleration sufficient
to cause the sensors to close an
electrical circuit that initiates air
bag inflation.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation. Air bags are designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover, side-impact, or rear-impacts unless
the collision causes sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
115
Seating and safety restraints
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation. After air bag
deployment, it is normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery residue or
smell the burnt propellant. This may
consist of cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate the bag) or
sodium compounds (e.g., baking
soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the
air bag. Small amounts of sodium
hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but
none of the residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help
reduce serious injuries, contact with
a deploying air bag may also cause abrasions, swelling or temporary
hearing loss. Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable
force, there is the risk of death or serious injuries such as fractures,
facial and eye injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants who
are not properly restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time
of air bag deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be
properly restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which include the inflators and
air bags)
• one or more impact and safing sensors
• a readiness light and tone
• a diagnostic module
• and the electrical wiring which connects the components
The diagnostic module monitors its own internal circuits and the
supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the impact
sensors), the system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air
bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.
Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
touch them after inflation.
116
Seating and safety restraints
If the air bag has deployed, the air bag will not function
again and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument cluster or a tone to
indicate the condition of the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness
section in the Instrumentation chapter. Routine maintenance of the air
bag is not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness light will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness light will not
illuminate immediately after
ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and/or light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles
(including pretensioners)
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to properly use safety
restraints for children. Also see Air Bag Supplemental Restraint
System (SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using air
bags.
117
Seating and safety restraints
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children ride in your vehicle (generally children who
are four years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less), you
must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check your
local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements regarding the
safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
When possible, always place children under age 12 in the rear seat of
your vehicle. Accident statistics suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating
position.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat.
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your
child safety seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can be
positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or neck,
the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child closer
to the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt fit.
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on children who have
outgrown child safety seats, Ford recommends use of a belt-positioning
booster seat that is labelled as conforming to all applicable Federal motor
vehicle safety standards. Belt-positioning booster seats raise the child
and provide a shorter, firmer seating cushion that encourages safer
seating posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on the child.
118
Seating and safety restraints
A belt-positioning booster seat should be used if the shoulder belt rests
in front of the child’s face or neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly
on both thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child sit all the
way back on the seat cushion when the lower legs hang over the edge of
the seat cushion. You may wish to discuss the special needs of your child
with your pediatrician.
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the
child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the
safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
119
Seating and safety restraints
When installing a child safety seat:
• Review and follow the information
presented in the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS) section in this chapter.
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
for that seating position (the
buckle closest to the direction the
tongue is coming from).
• Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle until you hear a
snap and feel it latch. Make sure
the tongue is securely fastened in
the buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button
pointing up and away from the
safety seat, with the tongue
between the child seat and the
release button, to prevent accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
locking mode (passenger side front and outboard rear seating
positions) (if equipped) section in this chapter.
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable
of providing a tether anchorage. For more information on top tether
straps, refer to Attaching child safety seats with tether straps. in this
chapter.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
120
Seating and safety restraints
Installing child safety seats in combination lap and shoulder belt
seating positions
Air bags can kill or injure a child in a child seat. NEVER place a
rear-facing child seat in front of an active air bag. If you must
use a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move the seat all the
way back.
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
Children 12 and under should be properly restrained in the rear
seat whenever possible.
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
121
Seating and safety restraints
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) for that seating position until
you hear a snap and feel the latch
engage. Make sure the tongue is
latched securely by pulling on it.
5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
extracted and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.
122
Seating and safety restraints
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with your knee on the
child seat.
8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.
Installing child safety seat in the second row center seating
position with an automatic locking retractor
1. Place the child safety seat in the center seating position.
2. In a continuous motion, pull out enough webbing from the retractor to
route the tongue through the child seat.
3. While holding the webbing to prevent it from retracting, route the
webbing through the child seat according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the tongue into the correct buckle for that seating position until
you hear and feel the buckle engage. Make sure the buckle is latched
securely by pulling on the webbing.
123
Seating and safety restraints
5. If you have not pulled out enough webbing to reach, allow the
webbing to fully retract before attempting to pull it out again and repeat
steps 2 through 4.
6. Pull the webbing through the child seat toward the buckle while
pushing down with your knee on the child seat.
7. Allow the safety belt to retract to remove any slack in the belt. It will
make a clicking noise while doing this.
8. Before placing the child in the seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward and
back to make sure the seat is securely held in place.
9. Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each
use.
Attaching child safety seats with tether straps
Most new forward-facing child safety seats include a tether strap which
goes over the back of the seat and hooks to an anchoring point. Tether
straps are available as an accessory for many older safety seats. Contact
the manufacturer of your child seat for information about ordering a
tether strap.
The rear seats of your vehicle are equipped with built-in tether strap
anchors located behind the seats as described below.
The tether anchors in your vehicle are located behind sliding covers
marked with the tether anchor symbol (shown with title).
The tether strap anchors in your vehicle are in the following positions
(shown from top view):
Attach the tether strap only
to the appropriate tether
anchor as shown. The tether strap
may not work properly if attached
somewhere other than the correct
tether anchor.
124
Seating and safety restraints
1. Position the child safety seat on the rear seat cushion.
2. Route the child safety seat tether strap over the back of the seat.
For vehicles with adjustable head restraints, route the tether strap under
the head restraint and between the head restraint posts, otherwise route
the tether strap over the top of the seatback.
3. Locate the correct anchor for the
selected rear seating position.
• You may need to pull the seatback forward to access the tether
anchors. Make sure the seat is locked in the upright position before
installing the child seat. Refer to the Folding Down The Rear Seats
section in this chapter for information on how to operate the rear
seats.
125
Seating and safety restraints
4. Slide open the tether anchor
cover.
5. Clip the tether strap to the
anchor and return the seat back to
its locked position.
If the tether strap is clipped
incorrectly, the child safety
seat may not be retained properly
in the event of a collision.
6. Refer to the Installing child
safety seats in combination lap
and shoulder belt seating
positions section of this chapter for
further instructions to secure the
child safety seat.
7. Tighten the child safety seat tether strap according to the
manufacturer’s instructions.
If the safety seat is not anchored properly, the risk of a child
being injured in a collision greatly increases.
126
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the powertrain control system. This
system meets all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard
requirements regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio
noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the
engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have
the vehicle checked.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints chapter.
127
Starting
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
• Make sure the parking brake is
set.
• Make sure the gearshift is in P
(Park).
3. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
4
If there is difficulty in turning the
3
key, firmly rotate the steering wheel
5
left and right until the key turns
freely. This condition may occur
2
when:
• front wheels are turned
1
• front wheel is against the curb
• steering wheel is turned when getting in or out of the vehicle
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
CHECK
ENGINE
5
60
20
20
MPH
ABS
!
128
100
140
2
C
F
E
80
40
RPMx1000
1
CHECK
FUEL
CAP
60
6
BRAKE
P
R N D 2 1
100
180
km/h 120
THEFT
H
SPEED
CONT
L
4WD
HIGH
H
4WD
LOW
L
O/D
OFF
Starting
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate or illuminate briefly. If a
light fails to illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the
light may not illuminate.
STARTING THE ENGINE
NOTE: Whenever you start your vehicle, release the key as soon as the
engine starts. Excessive cranking could damage the starter.
1. Turn the key to 5 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
4
pedal and release as soon as the
3
engine starts. The key will return to
5
4 (ON).
2. If the temperature is above –12°
2
C (10° F) and the engine does not
start within five seconds on the first
try, turn the key to OFF, wait 10
1
seconds and try again.
3. If the temperature is below -12° C (10° F) and the engine does not
start in 15 seconds on the first try, turn the key OFF and wait 10
seconds and try again. If the engine does not start in two attempts, press
the accelerator pedal all the way to floor and hold. Turn the key to
START position.
4. When the engine starts, release the key, then release the accelerator
pedal gradually as the engine speeds up.
5. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake and release the parking
brake.
Cold weather starting (flexible fuel vehicles only)
As the outside temperature approaches freezing, ethanol fuel distributors
should supply winter grade (Ed85) ethanol (same as with unleaded
gasoline). If summer grade (Ed85) ethanol is used in cold weather
conditions, you may experience increased cranking times, rough idle or
hesitation until the engine has warmed up. Consult your fuel distributor
for the availability of winter grade (Ed85) ethanol.
High-quality blends of winter grade (Ed85) ethanol will produce
satisfactory cold weather starting and driving results. However, fuel
composition varies, and sub-optimal winter grade blends could produce
increased cranking times, rough idle or hesitation at temperatures below
129
Starting
–18 degrees C (0 degrees F). If you experience this condition you may
find that a different brand of winter grade (Ed85) (if available in your
area) improves the performance of your vehicle.
Cold starting performance can also be improved with the use of an
engine block heater. The engine block heater is available as a Ford
option and can also be obtained from your Ford dealer. Consult the
engine block heater section for proper use of the engine block heater.
If you should experience cold weather starting problems on (Ed85)
ethanol, and neither an alternative brand of (Ed85) ethanol nor an
engine block heater is available, the addition of unleaded gasoline to your
tank will improve cold starting performance. Your vehicle is designed to
operate on (Ed85) ethanol alone, unleaded gasoline alone, or any mixture
of the two.
If the engine fails to start using the preceding instructions
1. Press the accelerator pedal 1/3 to 1/2 of the way to floor and hold.
2. Turn the key to START position.
3. When the engine starts, release the key, then release the accelerator
pedal gradually as the engine speeds up.
4. If the engine still fails to start, repeat steps one through three.
5. After the engine starts, hold your foot on the brake pedal, put the
gearshift lever in gear and release the parking brake. Slowly release the
brake pedal and drive away in a normal manner.
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine faster and allows the heater-defroster
system to respond quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach -23° C
(-10° F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for longer than three hours will not harm
the engine, so the heater can be plugged in the night before starting the
vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.
130
Starting
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service
• the sound of the exhaust system changes
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and
certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to
the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. In addition, certain fluids contained in vehicles and
certain products of component wear contain or emit chemicals known
to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped) to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by keeping all air inlet vents clear of snow,
leaves and other debris.
131
Driving
BRAKES
Your service brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the scheduled
maintenance guide for scheduled maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent
squeal or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such noises are
usually heard during the first few brake applications in the morning;
however, they may be heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as cold, heat, moisture,
road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking, the brake linings
may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
Four-wheel anti-lock brake system (ABS)
This vehicle is equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS). A noise
from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. If the vehicle has continuous vibration or shudder
in the steering wheel while braking, the vehicle should be inspected by a
qualified service technician.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lockup during brake
applications and compensates for
this tendency. The wheels are
prevented from locking even when
the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during hard braking with loss of front braking
traction.
132
Driving
ABS warning lamp ABS
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to the ON position. If the light does not
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced.
With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal
!
braking is still effective unless the
BRAKE
brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake
released. (If your brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately.)
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the four-wheel
ABS is required, apply continuous force on the brake. The four wheel
ABS will be activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full
steering control of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient
space, will enable you to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a
controlled stop.
• The anti-lock system does not decrease the time necessary to apply
the brakes or always reduce stopping distance. Always leave enough
room between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you to stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
Parking brake
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked. To set the
parking brake, press the parking
brake pedal down until the pedal
stops.
BRAKE
RELEASE
133
Driving
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is released.
!
BRAKE
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that the
gearshift is securely latched in P (Park) (automatic
transmission) or in 1 (First) (manual transmission).
The parking brake is not recommended to stop a moving vehicle.
However, if the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop
your vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the
rear brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will increase greatly and the
handling of your vehicle will be adversely affected.
BRAKE
Pull the release lever to release the
RELEASE
brake. Driving with the parking
brake on will cause the brakes to
wear out quickly and reduce fuel
economy.
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power steering uses energy
from the engine to help steer the vehicle.
To prevent damage to the power steering pump:
• Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme right or the extreme left
for more than a few seconds when the engine is running.
• Do not operate the vehicle with a low power steering pump fluid level
(below the MIN mark on the reservoir).
If the power steering system breaks down (or if the engine is turned
off), you can steer the vehicle manually, but it takes more effort.
134
Driving
If the steering wanders or pulls, the condition could be caused by any of
the following:
• underinflated tire(s) on any wheel(s)
• uneven vehicle loading
• high crown in center of road
• high crosswinds
• wheels out of alignment
• loose or worn suspension components
TRACTION-LOK AXLE (IF EQUIPPED)
This axle provides added traction on slippery surfaces, particularly when
one wheel is on a poor traction surface. Under normal conditions, the
Traction-Lok axle functions like a standard rear axle.
Extended use of other than the manufacturer’s specified size tires on a
Traction-Lok rear axle could result in a permanent reduction in
effectiveness. This loss of effectiveness does not affect normal driving
and should not be noticeable to the driver.
To avoid injury, never run the engine with one wheel off the
ground, such as when changing a tire.
PREPARING TO DRIVE YOUR VEHICLE
Utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover rate than
other types of vehicles.
In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely
to die than a person wearing a seat belt.
Your vehicle has special design and equipment features to make it
capable of performing in a wide variety of circumstances. These special
design features, such as larger tires and increased ground clearance, give
the vehicle a higher center of gravity than a passenger car.
135
Driving
Vehicles with a higher center of gravity such as utility and
four-wheel drive vehicles handle differently than vehicles with a
lower center of gravity. Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not
designed for cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more
than low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns, excessive speed and abrupt
maneuvers in these vehicles. Failure to drive cautiously could result in
an increased risk of vehicle rollover, personal injury and death.
Loaded vehicles, with a higher center of gravity, may handle
differently than unloaded vehicles. Extra precautions, such as
slower speeds and increased stopping distance, should be taken when
driving a heavily loaded vehicle.
Your vehicle has the capability to haul more cargo and people than most
passenger cars. Depending upon the type and placement of the load,
hauling people and cargo may raise the center of gravity of the vehicle.
Use extra caution while becoming familiar with your vehicle. Know the
capabilities and limitations of both you as a driver and your vehicle.
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift lever from being moved from P (Park) when the ignition is
in the ON position unless brake pedal is depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift lever out of P (Park) with ignition in
the ON position and the brake pedal depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the
key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake pedal and shift to N
(Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift lever,
it is possible that a fuse has blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are not
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
136
Driving
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting between forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operating
temperature or damage to the transmission may occur.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes or damage
to the transmission and tires may occur or the engine may
overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp
remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.
See your dealer or a qualified service technician.
Driving with a 5–speed automatic transmission (if equipped)
Your automatic transmission electronically controls the shift feel by using
an adaptive learning strategy. This feature is designed to increase
durability, and provide consistent shift feel over the life of the vehicle. It
is normal for a new transmission to shift firmly. This operation is
considered normal and will not affect function durability of the
transmission. Once the vehicle is at operating temperature it may take
several shifts at the same operating condition for the transmission to
properly adapt. Over time the adaptive learning process will fully update
transmission operation. The more varied the driving habits, speed and
torque, the longer it may take to adapt but the more complete the
process will be.
When the battery is disconnected or a new battery installed, the
transmission must learn its adaptive strategy. As a result of this, the
transmission may shift firmly. This operation is considered normal and
will fully update transmission operation to its optimum shift feel.
137
Driving
Understanding gearshift positions
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from P (Park) to another position. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
P (Park)
To put your vehicle in gear, start the engine, depress the brake pedal,
then move gearshift lever out of P (Park).
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift lever is securely
latched in P (Park). This position
locks the transmission and prevents
the rear wheels from turning.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift lever in R
(Reverse), the vehicle will move
backward. Always come to a
complete stop before shifting into
and out of R (Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift lever in N
(Neutral), the vehicle can be started
and is free to roll. Hold the brake
pedal down while in this position.
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through five.
138
Driving
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the transmission control
switch on the end of the gearshift
lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
O/D
ON/OFF
O/D
OFF
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the transmission
control switch on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift in
(Overdrive) position. The TCIL will illuminate on the instrument
the
cluster. Transmission operates in gears one through four. Drive (O/D
(Overdrive) and is useful
OFF) provides more engine braking than
whenever driving conditions (i.e., city traffic, hilly terrain, etc.) cause the
transmission to excessively shift between
(Overdrive) and other
gears. Deactivate
(Overdrive) when:
• driving with a heavy load.
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills.
• additional engine braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer to
Driving while you tow in the Trailer Towing chapter.
(Overdrive) mode, press the transmission control
To return to
switch. The TCIL will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal
(Overdrive) mode.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades.
139
Driving
1 (First)
Use 1 (First) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low) at
higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear and will
shift to 1 (First) after the vehicle decelerates to the proper vehicle
speed.
Forced Downshifts
To gain acceleration in
(Overdrive) or Drive (O/D OFF) when
passing another vehicle, push the accelerator to the floor. The
transmission will downshift to the appropriate gear: fourth, third, second
or first gear.
Driving a manual transmission (if equipped)
Using the clutch
Vehicles equipped with a manual
transmission have a starter interlock
that prevents Starting the engine
unless the clutch pedal is fully
depressed.
When starting a vehicle with a
manual transmission:
1. Hold down the brake pedal.
2. Put the gearshift lever in N
(Neutral).
3. Depress the clutch pedal.
4. Start the engine and let it idle for a few seconds.
• Put the gearshift in 1 (First) or R (Reverse).
5. Release the clutch slowly while pressing gradually down on the
accelerator pedal.
• Do not drive with your foot resting on the clutch pedal. Do not use
the clutch to hold your vehicle at a standstill while waiting on a hill.
These actions may reduce clutch life.
140
Driving
Recommended shift speeds
Upshift according to the following charts for best fuel economy:
Upshifts when accelerating (recommended for best fuel economy)
1-2
22 km/h (14 mph)
2-3
40 km/h (25 mph)
3-4
55 km/h (34 mph)
4-5
70 km/h (44 mph)
Upshifts when cruising (recommended for best fuel economy)
1-2
19 km/h (12 mph)
2-3
31 km/h (19 mph)
3-4
46 km/h (29 mph)
4-5
61 km/h (38 mph)
Reverse
Ensure that the vehicle is at a complete stop before shifting into R
(Reverse). Failure to do so may damage the transmission.
Put the gearshift lever into N and wait at least several seconds before
shifting into R.
Parking
1. Apply the brake and shift into N
(Neutral).
141
Driving
2. Engage the parking brake.
3. Shift into 1 (First).
4. Turn the ignition to Off.
Do not park your vehicle in Neutral, it may move unexpectedly
and injure someone. Use 1 (First) gear and set the parking brake
fully.
FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)
For important information regarding safe operation of this type
of vehicle, see Preparing to drive your vehicle in this chapter.
When Four–wheel drive (4WD) is engaged, power is supplied to all four
wheels through a transfer case. 4WD power can be selected when
additional driving power is desired.
If equipped with the Electronic Shift 4WD System, and the
instrument panel control is moved to 4WD Low while the vehicle
is moving, the system will not engage and no damage will occur to
the 4WD system. Before 4WD Low can be engaged, the vehicle
must be at a complete stop with the brake pedal depressed and
the transmission in N (Neutral).
4H or 4L operation is not recommended on dry pavement. Doing
so could result in difficult disengagement of the transfer case,
damage to the transfer case, increased tire wear, decreased fuel
economy and difficulty turning.
142
Driving
4WD system indicator lights
The 4WD system indicator lights illuminate only under the following
conditions. If these lights illuminate when driving in 2WD, contact your
Ford dealer as soon as possible.
• 4WD HIGH–momentarily
illuminates when the vehicle is
started. Illuminates when 4H
(4WD High) is engaged.
• 4WD LOW–momentarily
4WD
illuminates when the vehicle is
LOW
started. Illuminates when 4L
(4WD Low) is engaged.
Using the electronic shift 4WD system (if equipped)
Positions of the electronic shift system
2WD (2WD High) – Power to rear axle only.
4X4 HIGH (4WD High) – Power delivered to front and rear axles for
increased traction.
4X4 LOW (4WD Low) – Power to front and rear axles at low speeds.
Shifting from 2WD (2WD high) to 4X4 HIGH (4WD high)
Move the 4WD control to the 4X4
HIGH position.
4X4
4X4
HIGH
LOW
2WD
• At temperatures below 0°C
(32°F), shifts from 2WD to 4X4
HIGH should not be performed
above 72 km/h (45 mph).
Do not shift into 4X4 HIGH with
the rear wheels slipping.
143
Driving
Shifting from 4X4 HIGH (4WD high) to 2WD (2WD high)
Move the 4WD control to 2WD
4X4
position at any forward speed.
4X4
HIGH
LOW
2WD
• You do not need to operate the
vehicle in R (Reverse) to
disengage the 4WD system.
Shifting from 2WD (2WD high) to 4X4 LOW (4WD low)
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral).
4. Move the 4WD control to the 4X4
LOW position.
4X4
HIGH
2WD
5. Wait for the 4WD low indicator
light to illuminate.
Shifting from 4X4 LOW (4WD low) to 2WD (2WD high)
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral).
144
4X4
LOW
Driving
4. Move the 4WD control to the
2WD position.
5. Wait for the 4WD low indicator
light to turn off.
2WD
4X4
HIGH
4X4
LOW
Shifting between 4X4 HIGH (4WD high) and 4X4 LOW (4WD low)
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral).
4. Move the 4WD control to the 4X4
HIGH or 4X4 LOW position.
4X4
4X4
HIGH
5. Wait for the selected 4WD mode
LOW
2WD
indicator light to illuminate.
Driving off-road with 4WD
Your vehicle is specially equipped for driving on sand, snow, mud and
rough terrain and has operating characteristics that are somewhat
different from conventional vehicles, both on and off the road.
Maintain steering wheel control at all times, especially in rough terrain.
Since sudden changes in terrain can result in abrupt steering wheel
motion, make sure you grip the steering wheel from the outside. Do not
grip the spokes.
Drive cautiously to avoid vehicle damage from concealed objects such as
rocks and stumps.
You should either know the terrain or examine maps of the area before
driving. Map out your route before driving in the area. For more
information on driving off-road, read the “Four Wheeling” supplement in
your owner’s portfolio.
145
Driving
If your vehicle gets stuck
If the vehicle is stuck it may be rocked out by shifting from forward and
reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a steady pattern. Press lightly
on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operating
temperature or damage to the transmission may occur.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes or damage
to the transmission and tires may occur or the engine may
overheat.
Do not spin the wheels at over 56 km/h (35 mph). The tires may
fail and injure a passenger or bystander.
Sand
When driving over sand, try to keep all four wheels on the most solid
area of the trail. Do not reduce the tire pressures but shift to a lower
gear and drive steadily through the terrain. Apply the accelerator slowly
and avoid spinning the wheels.
Mud and water
If you must drive through high water, drive slowly. Traction or brake
capability may be limited.
When driving through water, determine the depth; avoid water higher
than the bottom of the hubs (if possible) and proceed slowly. If the
ignition system gets wet, the vehicle may stall.
Once through water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop the
vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by moving
your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake pedal.
After driving through mud, clean off residue stuck to the driveshafts and
tires. Excess mud stuck on tires and rotating driveshafts causes an
imbalance that could damage drive components.
If the transmission, transfer case or front axle are submerged in water,
their fluids should be checked and changed, if necessary.
Water intrusion into the transmission may damage the
transmission.
146
Driving
Replace rear axle lubricant any time the axle has been submerged in
water. The rear axle does not normally require a lubricant change for the
life of the vehicle. Rear axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked or
changed unless a leak is suspected or repair is required.
Driving on hilly or sloping terrain
When driving on a hill, avoid driving crosswise or turning on steep
slopes. You could lose traction and slip sideways. Drive straight up,
straight down or avoid the hill completely. Know the conditions on the
other side of a hill before driving over the crest.
When climbing a steep hill, start in a lower gear rather than downshifting
to a lower gear from a higher gear once the ascent has started. This
reduces strain on the engine and the possibility of stalling.
When descending a steep hill, avoid sudden braking. Shift to a lower gear
when added engine braking is desired.
When speed control is on and you are driving uphill, your vehicle speed
may drop considerably, especially if you are carrying a heavy load.
If vehicle speed drops more than 16 km/h (10 mph), the speed control
will cancel automatically. Resume speed with accelerator pedal.
If speed control cancels after climbing the hill, reset speed by pressing
and holding the SET ACCEL button (to resume speeds over 50 km/h
[30 mph]).
Automatic transmissions may shift frequently while driving up steep
(Overdrive) into
grades. Eliminate frequent shifting by shifting out of
a lower gear.
Driving on snow and ice
A 4WD vehicle has advantages over 2WD vehicles in snow and ice but
can skid like any other vehicle.
Avoid sudden applications of power and quick changes of direction on
snow and ice. Apply the accelerator slowly and steadily when starting
from a full stop.
When braking, apply the brakes as you normally would. In order to allow
the anti-lock brake system (ABS) to operate properly, keep steady
pressure on the brake pedal.
Allow more stopping distance and drive slower than usual. Consider
using one of the lower gears.
147
Driving
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight: Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include occupants or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload: Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, occupants
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight): Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating): Maximum permissable total
weight of the base vehicle, occupants, optional equipment and cargo.
The GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Certification Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating): Carrying capacity for each axle
system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Certification Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCW (Gross Combined Weight): The combined weight of the
towing vehicle (including occupants and cargo) and the loaded trailer.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating): Maximum permissable
combined weight of towing vehicle (including occupants and cargo)
and the loaded trailer
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating: Maximum weight of a trailer the
vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer
towing and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight: Maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
vehicle (including occupants and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range: Specified weight range that the trailer must
fall within that ranges from zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
148
Driving
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the originals do
not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
The Safety Certification Label, found on the driver’s door pillar, lists
several important vehicle weight rating limitations. Before adding any
additional equipment, refer to these limitations. If you are adding weight
to the front of your vehicle, (potentially including weight added to the
cab), the weight added should not exceed the front axle reserve capacity
(FARC). Additional frontal weight may be added to the front axle reserve
capacity provided you limit your payload in other ways (i.e. restrict the
number of occupants or amount of cargo carried).
Always ensure that the weight of occupants, cargo and equipment being
carried is within the weight limitations that have been established for
your vehicle including both gross vehicle weight and front and rear gross
axle weight rating limits. Under no circumstance should these limitations
be exceeded. Exceeding any vehicle weight rating limitation could result
in serious damage to the vehicle and/or personal injury.
Special loading instructions for owners of pickup trucks and
utility-type vehicles
For important information regarding safe operation of this type
of vehicle, see the Preparing to drive your vehicle section
inthe Driving chapter of this owner guide.
Loaded vehicles, with a higher center of gravity, may handle
differently than unloaded vehicles. Extra precautions, such as
slower speeds and increased stopping distance, should be taken when
driving a heavily loaded vehicle.
Your vehicle has the capability to haul more cargo and people than most
passenger cars. Depending upon the type and placement of the load,
hauling cargo and people may raise the center of gravity of the vehicle.
149
Driving
Calculating the load your vehicle can carry/tow
1. Use the appropriate maximum gross combined weight rating (GCWR)
chart to find the maximum GCWR for your type engine and rear axle
ratio.
2. Weigh your vehicle as you customarily operate the vehicle without
cargo. To obtain correct weights, try taking your vehicle to a shipping
company or an inspection station for trucks.
3. Subtract your loaded vehicle weight from the maximum GCWR on the
following charts. This is the maximum trailer weight your vehicle can tow
and must fall below the maximum shown under maximum trailer weight
on the chart.
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs (for trucks) or the bottom of the wheel rims (for cars).
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
Driving through deep water where the transmission vent tube is
submerged may allow water into the transmission and cause
internal transmission damage.
TRAILER TOWING
Trailer towing with your vehicle may require the use of a trailer tow
option package.
Trailer towing puts additional loads on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, axle, brakes, tires, and suspension. For your safety and to
maximize vehicle performance, be sure to use the proper equipment
while towing.
150
Driving
Follow these guidelines to ensure safe towing procedure:
• Stay within your vehicle’s load limits.
• Thoroughly prepare your vehicle for towing. Refer to Preparing to
tow in this chapter.
• Use extra caution when driving while trailer towing. Refer to Driving
while you tow in this chapter.
• Service your vehicle more frequently if you tow a trailer. Refer to the
severe duty schedule in the scheduled maintenance guide.
• Do not tow a trailer until your vehicle has been driven at least 800 km
(500 miles).
• Refer to the instructions included with towing accessories for the
proper installation and adjustment specifications.
Do not exceed the maximum loads listed on the Safety Compliance
Certification label. For load specification terms found on the label, refer
to Vehicle loading in this chapter. Remember to figure in the tongue
load of your loaded vehicle when figuring the total weight.
4x2 w/automatic transmission
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer weights
Trailer Weight
Rear
Maximum
Maximum
Range-kg
Engine
axle
GCWR-kg
frontal area of
(lbs.)
ratio
(lbs.)
trailer-m2 (ft2)
0-Maximum
4.0L
4 354
0-2 404
All
4.64 (50)
SOHC
(9 600)
(0-5 300)
Notes: For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters
(1 000 ft) elevation. For definition of terms and instructions on
calculating your vehicle’s load, refer to Vehicle loading in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weights shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle and the loaded trailer must not exceed the
GCWR.
Towing a trailer over 1 588 kg (3 500 lbs.) requires a weight
distributing hitch.
151
Driving
4x2 w/manual transmission
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer weights
Trailer Weight
Rear
Maximum
Maximum
Range-kg
Engine
axle
GCWR-kg
frontal area of
(lbs.)
ratio
(lbs.)
trailer-m2 (ft2)
0-Maximum
4.0L
3 175
0-1 243
All
4.64 (50)
SOHC
(7 000)
(0-2 740)
Notes: For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters
(1 000 ft) elevation. For definition of terms and instructions on
calculating your vehicle’s load, refer to Vehicle loading in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weights shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle and the loaded trailer must not exceed the
GCWR.
4x4 w/automatic transmission
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer Weights
Trailer Weight
Maximum
Rear
Maximum
Range
frontal area of
Engine
axle
GCWR - kg
(0-Maximum)
trailer - m2
ratio
(lbs.)
(ft2)
- kg (lbs.)
4.0L
4 354
0-2 314
All
4.64 (50)
SOHC
(9 600)
(0-5 080)
Notes: For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters
(1 000 ft) elevation. For definition of terms and instructions on
calculating your vehicle’s load, refer to Vehicle loading in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weights shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle and the loaded trailer must not exceed the
GCWR.
Towing a trailer over 1 588 kg (3 500 lbs.) requires a weight
distributing hitch.
152
Driving
4x4 w/manual transmission
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer Weights
Trailer Weight
Maximum
Rear
Maximum
Range
frontal area of
Engine
axle
GCWR - kg
(0-Maximum)
trailer - m2
ratio
(lbs.)
- kg (lbs.)
(ft2)
4.0L
3 175
0-1 143
All
4.64 (50)
SOHC
(7 000)
(0-2 520)
Notes: For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters
(1 000 ft) elevation. For definition of terms and instructions on
calculating your vehicle’s load, refer to Vehicle loading in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weights shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle and the loaded trailer must not exceed the
GCWR.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
weight exceeds the limit of the vehicle and could result in
engine damage, transmission damage, structural damage, loss of
control, and personal injury.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
Do not use hitches that clamp onto the vehicle bumper. Use a load
carrying hitch. You must distribute the load in your trailer so that 10% of
the total weight of the trailer is on the tongue.
Use a frame-mounted weight distributing hitch for trailers over
1 588 kg (3 500 lb).
153
Driving
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the frame or hook retainers
of the vehicle hitch. To connect the trailer’s safety chains, cross the
chains under the trailer tongue and allow slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type trailer brakes are
safe if installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s
specifications. The trailer brakes must meet local and Federal
regulations.
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
Never connect any trailer lighting to the vehicle’s taillamp
circuits, because it may damage the electrical system resulting in
fire. Contact your local Ford dealership for assistance in proper trailer
tow wiring installation. Additional electrical equipment may be
required.
Using a step bumper
The rear bumper is equipped with an integral hitch and requires only a
ball with a 19 mm (3/4 inch) shank diameter. The bumper has a 1 590 kg
(3 500 lb.) trailer weight and 159 kg (350 lb.) tongue weight capability.
Use a frame-mounted weight distributing hitch for trailers over 1 590 kg
(3 500 lb).
154
Driving
Driving while you tow
When towing a trailer:
• Ensure that you turn off your speed control. The speed control may
shut off automatically when you are towing on long, steep grades.
• Consult your local motor vehicle speed regulations for towing a trailer.
• Use a lower gear when towing up or down steep hills. This will
eliminate excessive downshifting and upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transmission cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
Exceeding the GCWR rating may cause internal transmission
damage and void your warranty coverage.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide for
more information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up before starting on a trip to
get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning, make
wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be no more than 10–15% of the
loaded trailer weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in hot weather, place
the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transmissions) or N (Neutral)
(manual transmissions). This aids engine cooling and air conditioner
efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
155
Driving
Launching or retrieving a boat
When backing down a ramp during boat launching or retrieval:
• do not allow the static water level to rise above the bottom edge of
the rear bumper and
• do not allow waves to break higher than 15 cm (6 inches) above the
bottom edge of the rear bumper.
Exceeding these limits may allow water to enter critical vehicle
components, adversely affecting driveability, emissions, reliability and
causing internal transmission damage.
Replace the rear axle lubricant any time the axle has been submerged in
water. Rear axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked or changed
unless a leak is suspected or repair required.
Disconnect the wiring to the trailer before backing the trailer into the
water. Reconnect the wiring to the trailer after the trailer is removed
from the water.
Recreational towing
All Rear Wheel Drive (RWD) vehicles with automatic transmissions
This applies to all cars and 4x2 trucks/sport utilities with rear wheel
drive capability.
An example of recreational towing is towing your vehicle behind a
motorhome. The following recreational towing guidelines are designed to
ensure that your transmission is not damaged.
• Place the transmission in N (Neutral).
• Maximum speed is 56 km/h (35 mph).
• Maximum distance is 80 km (50 miles).
156
Driving
If a distance of 80 km (50 miles) or a speed of 56 km/h (35 mph)
must be exceeded, you must disconnect the driveshaft. Ford
recommends the driveshaft be removed/installed only by a
qualified technician. See your local dealer for driveshaft
removal/installation.
Improper removal/installation of the driveshaft can cause
transmission fluid loss, damage to the driveshaft and internal
transmission components.
In case of a roadside emergency with a disabled vehicle (without access
to wheel dollies, a car hauling trailer or a flatbed transport vehicle), your
vehicle can be flat towed (all wheels on the ground) under the following
conditions:
• Release the parking brake.
• Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
• Place the transmission in N (Neutral).
• Do not exceed a distance of 80 km (50 miles).
• Do not exceed 56 km/h (35 mph) vehicle speed.
RWD vehicles with 4x4 electronic shift transfer case and automatic
transmission
Regarding recreational towing or having your vehicle towed, 4x4 vehicles
with electronic shift on the fly cannot be towed with any wheels on the
ground (with the exception of moving it as a disabled vehicle off the
road out of traffic).
157
Roadside emergencies
Getting roadside assistance
To fully assist you should you have a vehicle concern, Ford Motor
Company offers a complimentary roadside assistance program. This
program is separate from the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The service
is available:
• 24–hours, seven days a week
• for the Basic warranty period (Canada) or New Vehicle Limited
Warranty period (U.S.) of three years or 60 000 km (36 000 miles),
whichever comes first on Ford and Mercury vehicles, and four years or
80 000 km (50 000 miles) on Lincoln vehicles
Roadside assistance will cover:
• changing a flat tire
• jump-starts
• lock-out assistance
• fuel delivery
• towing of your disabled vehicle up to 56.3 kms (35 miles) from the
point of pickup (this can include to the nearest Ford dealership, or
your selling dealer if within the specified distance.) One tow per
disablement. Even non-warranty related tows, like accidents or getting
stuck in the mud or snow, are covered (some exclusions apply, such
as impound towing or repossession).
Using roadside assistance
Complete the roadside assistance identification card and place it in your
wallet for quick reference. In the United States, this card is found in the
Owner Guide portfolio in the glove compartment in Ford vehicles and is
mailed to you if you own a Mercury or Lincoln. In Canada, the card is
found in the Roadside Assistance book in the glove compartment.
To receive roadside assistance in the United States for Ford or Mercury
vehicles, call 1–800–241–3673 or if you own a Lincoln vehicle, call
1–800–521–4140. In Canada call 1–800–665–2006.
Should you need to arrange roadside assistance for yourself, Ford Motor
Company will reimburse a reasonable amount. To obtain information
about reimbursement, call 1–800–241–3673 in the United States for Ford
or Mercury vehicles; or if you own a Lincoln vehicle, call
1–800–521–4140. Call 1–800–665–2006 in Canada.
158
Roadside emergencies
Roadside coverage beyond basic warranty
In the United States, you may purchase additional roadside assistance
coverage beyond this period through the Ford Auto Club by contacting
your Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealer.
Similarly in Canada, for uninterrupted Roadside Assistance coverage, you
may purchase extended coverage prior to your Basic Warranty’s Roadside
Assistance expiring. For more information and enrollment, contact
1–877–294–2582 or visit our website at www.ford.ca.
HAZARD FLASHER
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate all hazard flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the
flashers off.
FUEL
FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH RESET
The fuel pump shut-off switch is a device intended to stop the electric
fuel pump when your vehicle has been involved in a substantial jolt.
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not start, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated. The “Fuel Reset” indicator light
will illuminate in the instrument cluster.
159
Roadside emergencies
The fuel pump shut-off switch is
located in the passenger’s foot well,
by the kick panel.
Use the following procedure to reset the fuel pump shut-off switch.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in on the reset button.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
160
Roadside emergencies
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
15
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
Note: Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause severe wire
damage and could start a fire.
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
COLOR
Fuse
rating
Mini
fuses
Standard
fuses
Maxi
fuses
2A
3A
4A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
20A
25A
30A
40A
50A
60A
70A
80A
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Yellow
—
Green
Orange
Red
Blue
Tan
Natural
Cartridge
Fuse link
maxi
cartridge
fuses
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
Blue
—
—
Pink
Pink
Green
Green
Red
Red
—
Yellow
—
Brown
—
Black
161
Roadside emergencies
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located on the
left-hand side of the instrument
panel facing the driver’s side door.
Pull the panel cover outward to
access the fuses.
28
24
20
16
12
8
4
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.
36
7
11
15
19
23
27
6
10
14
18
22
26
30
32
9
13
17
21
25
29
31
5
3
1
162
33
The fuses are coded as follows:
34
2
35
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Fuse Amp
Rating
5A
5A
7.5A
15A
—
15A (With
rear blower)
7.5A
(Without
rear blower)
7.5A
—
7.5A
7.5A
11
12
13
7.5A
7.5A
15A
14
10A
15
16
7.5A
30A
17
18
19
20A
25A
25A
Passenger Compartment Fuse Panel
Description
Power Mirror Switch
Aux. High Mount Stop Lamp
Left Stop/Turn Trailer Tow Connector
Subwoofer
Not Used
Blower Motor Relay, Airbag Diagnostic
Monitor
Right Stop/Turn Trailer Tow Connector
Not Used
Brake Pedal Position Switch
Speed Control/Amplifier Assembly, Generic
electronic Module (GEM), Shift Lock
Actuator, Blend Door Actuator, A/C Heater Assembly, Flasher, Overhead
Console, 4X4 Module
Instrument Cluster, 4X4 Module
Washer Pump Relay
Brake Pedal Position Switch, Brake
Pressure Switch
4 Wheel Anti-Lock Brake System (4WABS)
Module
Instrument Cluster
Windshield Wiper Motor, Wiper Hi-Lo
Relay, Wiper Run/Park Relay
Cigar Lighter, Data Link Connector
Power Door Locks
PCM Power Diode
163
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
20
Fuse Amp
Rating
7.5A
21
22
23
24
25
15A
20A
—
7.5A
7.5A
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
10A
15A
7.5A
20A
25A
5A
—
15A
34
35
36
5A
15A
15A
164
Passenger Compartment Fuse Panel
Description
Generic Electronic Module (GEM), Radio,
Moonroof Relay, Power Window Relay,
Power Down Back Window
Flasher (Hazard)
Auxiliary Power Socket
Not Used
Starter Interrupt Relay, Anti-Theft
Generic Electronic Module (GEM),
Instrument Cluster, Securi-Lock
Battery Saver Relay, Interior Lamp Relay
DRL, Backup Lamps Switch, DTR Sensor
Radio
Radio
Power Seats
Rear Blower Motor
Not Used
Headlamps, Daytime Running Lamps
(DRL) Module, Instrument Cluster
Rear Integrated Control Panel
4X4 Module
Trailer Tow Relay
Roadside emergencies
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is
located in the engine compartment.
The power distribution box contains
high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems
from overloads.
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power Distribution Box before
reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
If the battery has been disconnected and reconnected, refer to the
Battery section of the Maintenance and care chapter.
165
Roadside emergencies
The high-current fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
166
Fuse Amp
Rating
50A**
—
30A**
—
—
50A**
30A**
—
—
—
50A**
—
20A**
—
—
40A**
Power Distribution Box Description
Fuse Panel
Not Used
Power Down Back Window
Not Used
Not Used
ABS Pump Motor
Powertrain Control
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Ignition Switch
Not Used
4X4 Motor
Not Used
Not Used
Blower Motor
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45A
45B
46A
Fuse Amp
Rating
—
—
—
—
10A*
15A*
20A*
25A*
10A*
—
20A*
30A*
15A*
—
15A*
—
15A*
—
—
—
—
10A*
—
—
15A*
10A*
—
—
—
—
—
Power Distribution Box Description
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
PCM Memory
Horn
Fuel Pump Motor
Headlamps
A/C Clutch Solenoid
Not Used
Rear Power Point
4WABS Module
Foglamps
Not Used
DRL
Not Used
Park Lamps
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Left Low Beam
Not Used
Not Used
Heated Oxygen Sensors
Right Low Beam
Not Used
Not Used
Wiper Hi/Low Relay
Wiper Run/Park Relay
Park Lamp Relay
167
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Power Distribution Box Description
Location
Rating
46B
—
Front Washer Pump Relay
47A
20A*
Windows/Roof
47B
—
Not Used
48
—
Window Safety Relay
49
—
Starter Relay
50A
—
Not Used
50B
—
Fuel Pump Relay
51
—
Not Used
52
—
Not Used
53
—
PCM Diode
54
—
PCM Relay
55
—
Blower Relay
56A
—
A/C Clutch Solenoid
56B
—
Horn Relay
*Mini fuses **Cartridge fuses
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Spare tire information
The spare tire can be used as a spare or a regular tire. On vehicles with
15” wheels, the wheel ornaments from the original wheel/tire may be
used on the spare.
168
Roadside emergencies
Location of the spare tire and tools
The spare tire and tools for your vehicle are stowed in the following
locations:
Tool
Spare tire
Jack, Jack handle, jack handle
extension, wheel lug nut wrench
Location
Under the vehicle, just in front of
the rear bumper
In the passenger side rear cab
compartment behind the access
door in trim panel
Removing the jack and tools
1. To remove, turn the thumbwheel
counterclockwise and lower the
jack.
2. Remove the jack, lug wrench and
jack handles from the bracket.
Removing the spare tire
1. Assemble the jack handle with the spade end to the lug wrench as
shown in the illustration.
• To assemble, depress button and
slide together.
169
Roadside emergencies
2. Insert the jack handle into the
opening just above the rear bumper.
The handle will stop moving forward
and resistance to turning will be felt
when properly engaged.
3. Turn the handle counterclockwise
until tire is lowered to the ground,
and the cable is slack. Slide the tire
rearward.
4. Remove the retainer from the center of the spare tire.
Stowing the spare tire
1. Lay the tire on the ground with the valve stem facing up.
2. Slide the wheel under the vehicle
and install the retainer through the
wheel center.
3. Turn the jack handle clockwise
until the tire is raised to its original
position underneath the vehicle. The
jack handle ratchets when the tire is
raised to the stowed position. It will
not allow you to overtighten.
Stowing the jack and tools
1. Install the jack handles into the
clips.
2. Install the lug wrench ensuring
that the square hole is over the peg
on the bracket.
3. Install the jack on the bracket
and turn the thumbwheel clockwise
to raise the jack between the stands
and the top of the lug wrench.
170
Roadside emergencies
Tire change procedure
When one of the front wheels is off the ground, the transmission
alone will not prevent the vehicle from moving or slipping off the
jack, even if the vehicle is in P (Park) (automatic transaxle) or R
(Reverse) (manual transaxle).
To prevent the vehicle from moving when you change a tire, be
sure the parking brake is set, then block (in both directions) the
wheel that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of the vehicle) to
the tire being changed.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
seriously injured.
1. Park on a level surface, activate
hazard flashers and place gearshift
lever in P (Park) (automatic
transmission) or R (Reverse)
(manual transmission).
2. Set the parking brake and turn
engine OFF.
3. Block the diagonally opposite
wheel.
171
Roadside emergencies
4. Insert tapered end of the lug nut
wrench to remove any wheel trim.
5. Loosen each wheel lug nut
one-half turn counterclockwise but
do not remove them until the wheel
is raised off the ground.
6. Assemble the jack handle
extension on the lug nut wrench by
sliding the parts together. To
disconnect, depress button and pull
apart.
7. Position the jack according to the following guides and turn the jack
handle clockwise until the tire is a maximum of 25 mm (1 inch) off the
ground.
• Front
172
Roadside emergencies
• Rear
To lessen the risk of
personal injury, do not put
any part of your body under the
vehicle while changing a tire. Do
not start the engine when your
vehicle is on the jack. The jack is
only meant for changing the tire.
• Never use the differential as a
jacking point.
8. Remove the wheel lug nuts with the lug nut wrench.
9. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making sure the valve stem is
facing outward. Reinstall the lug nuts (cone side in) until the wheel is
snug against the hub. Do not fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel
has been lowered.
10. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
173
Roadside emergencies
11. Remove the jack and fully
tighten the lug nuts in the order
shown.
12. Stow the flat tire. Refer to
Stowing the spare tire.
13. Stow the jack and lug nut
wrench. Make sure the jack is
fastened so it does not rattle when
you drive.
14. Unblock the wheels.
1
3
4
5
2
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can burn skin, eyes, and
clothing, if contacted.
Do not attempt to push-start your vehicle. Automatic
transmissions do not have push-start capability; also, the
catalytic conveter may become damaged.
Preparing your vehicle
When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the
transmission must relearn its adaptive strategy. As a result of this, the
transmission may shift firmly. This operation is considered normal and
will not affect function or durability of the transmission. Over time, the
adaptive learning process will fully update transmission operation to its
optimum shift feel.
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake on
both vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving
parts.
174
Roadside emergencies
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
Connecting the jumper cables
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the positive (+) terminal of
the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the assisting battery.
+
+
175
–
–
Roadside emergencies
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposed
metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor/fuel injection system.
Do not use fuel lines, engine rocker covers or the intake manifold as
grounding points.
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
176
Roadside emergencies
• 4.0L SOHC V6 Engine
+
+
–
–
5. Ensure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts, moving parts of
both engines, or any fuel delivery system parts.
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine at
moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for an
additional three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they were
connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.
177
Roadside emergencies
• 4.0L SOHC V6 Engine
+
+
+
+
–
–
–
–
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of the
booster vehicle’s battery.
178
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the booster
vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the
disabled vehicle’s battery.
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cables
removed, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer can
relearn its idle conditions.
When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the
transmission must relearn its adaptive strategy. As a result of this, the
transmission may shift firmly. This operation is considered normal and
will not effect function or durability of the transmission. Over time, the
adaptive learning process will fully update transmission operation to its
optimum shift feel.
179
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center.
It is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a wheel lift or flatbed
equipment. Do not tow with a slingbelt. Ford Motor Company has not
approved a slingbelt towing procedure.
On 4x2 vehicles, it is acceptable to tow the vehicle with the front wheels
on the ground (without dollies) and the rear wheels off the ground.
On 4x4 vehicles, it is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a
wheel lift and dollies or flatbed equipment with all the wheels off the
ground.
180
Roadside emergencies
If the vehicle is towed by other means or incorrectly, vehicle
damage may occur.
Special Conditions:
• Release the parking brake.
• Turn the ignition to the OFF/UNLOCKED position.
• Place the transmission in N (Neutral).
• Do not exceed a distance of 80 km (50 miles).
• Do not exceed 56 km/h (35 mph) vehicle speed.
With a disabled vehicle (without access to wheel dollies, car hauling
trailer or flatbed transport vehicle) your vehicle can be towed (all wheels
on the ground) under the folling conditions:
Ford Motor Company provides a towing manual for all authorized tow
truck operators. Have your tow truck operator refer to this manual for
proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
181
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a scheduled maintenance guide which makes tracking
routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
the necessary parts and service. Check your Warranty Guide to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, make sure that loose clothing, jewelry or
long hair does not get caught up in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in Battery
in this chapter.
Working with the engine off
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
182
Maintenance and care
Note: Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do not
remove it while the engine is running.
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
steering column on the instrument
panel.
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and
release the auxiliary latch that is
located in the center between the
hood and the grill.
3. Lift the hood until the lift cylinders hold it open.
183
Maintenance and care
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
4.0L SOHC V6 engine
2
1
3
4
5
6
7
11
10
9
1. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
2. Automatic transmission fluid dipstick (if equipped)
3. Engine oil filler cap
4. Engine oil dipstick
5. Brake fluid reservoir
6. Power distribution box
7. Clutch fluid reservoir
8. Battery
9. Power steering fluid reservoir
10. Air filter assembly
11. Engine coolant reservoir
184
8
Maintenance and care
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate intervals
for checking the engine oil.
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the
engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is in the hashmarks, the oil level is acceptable. DO
NOT ADD OIL.
185
Maintenance and care
• If the oil level is below the ADD
mark or MIN mark, add enough
oil to raise the level within the
ADD-FULL range or MIN-MAX
range.
• Oil levels above the letter F in FULL or the MAX mark may cause
engine damage. Some oil must be removed from the engine by a
service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal range, add only certified
engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil filler cap
and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the
MAX mark or the letter F in FULL on the engine oil level indicator
(dipstick).
4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.
5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the filler cap clockwise
until three clicks can be heard.
To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the vehicle with the
engine oil level indicator and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.
186
Maintenance and care
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this certification
trademark.
SAE 5W-30 engine oil recommended
Only use oils “Certified For Gasoline Engines” by the American
Petroleum Institute (API). Use Motorcraft (Part: XO-5W30–QSP U.S.) or
an equivalent oil meeting Ford specification WSS-M2C153–G.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the scheduled maintenance guide.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, start-up
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
187
Maintenance and care
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed. Refer to the
scheduled maintenance guide for
the service interval schedules.
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid from
a clean un-opened container until
MAX
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
above this line.
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid
certified to meet Ford specification ESA-M6C25–A. Refer to Lubricant
specifications in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Brake fluid is toxic. If brake fluid contacts the eyes, flush eyes
with running water for 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if
irritation persists. If taken internally, drink water and induce vomiting.
Seek medical attention immediately.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for the master cylinder run dry. This
may cause the brakes to fail.
188
Maintenance and care
CLUTCH FLUID (IF EQUIPPED)
Check the fluid level. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the
service interval schedules.
During normal operation, the fluid level in the clutch reservoir should
remain constant. If the fluid level drops, refill the fluid level to the step
in the reservoir.
Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid designed to meet Ford specification
ESA-M6C25–A. Refer to Capacities and specifications.
Brake fluid is toxic. If brake fluid contacts the eyes, flush eyes
with running water for 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if
irritation persists. If taken internally, drink water and induce vomiting.
Seek medical attention immediately.
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt and water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Remove cap and rubber
diaphragm from reservoir.
3. Add fluid until the level reaches
the step in the reservoir.
4. Reinstall rubber diaphragm and
cap onto reservoir.
189
Maintenance and care
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
SHER FL
WA
UID
Washer fluid
Check the washer fluid whenever
you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
highlighted with a
symbol.
If the level is low, add enough fluid
to fill the reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the reservoir all
the way.
ONLY
RADIATOR
COOLANT
ONLY
Only use a washer fluid that meets Ford specification . Refer to
Lubricant specifications in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
State or local regulations on volatile organic compounds may restrict the
use of methanol, a common windshield washer antifreeze additive.
Washer fluids containing non-methanol antifreeze agents should be used
only if they provide cold weather protection without damaging the
vehicle’s paint finish, wiper blades or washer system.
Note: Do not put washer fluid in the engine coolant reservoir. Washer
fluid placed in the cooling system may harm engine and cooling system
components.
AIR FILTER MAINTENANCE
Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate intervals
for changing the air filter element.
When changing the air filter element, use only the Motorcraft air filter
element listed. Refer to Motorcraft Part Numbers.
Note: Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do not
remove it while the engine is running.
190
Maintenance and care
ENGINE COOLANT
Checking engine coolant
The concentration and level of engine coolant should be checked at the
mileage intervals listed in the scheduled maintenance guide. The coolant
concentration should be maintained at 50/50 coolant and water, which
equates to a freeze point of -36° C (-34° F). Coolant concentration
testing is possible with a hydrometer or antifreeze tester (such as the
Rotunda Battery and Antifreeze Tester, 014–R1060). The level of coolant
should be maintained at the “cold full” of “cold fill range” level in the
coolant reservoir. If the level falls below, add coolant per the instructions
in the Adding Engine Coolant section.
Your vehicle was factory-filled with a 50/50 engine coolant and water
concentration. If the concentration of coolant falls below 40% or above
60%, the engine parts could become damaged or not work properly. A
50–50 mixture of coolant and water provides the following:
• Freeze protection down to -36° C (-34° F).
• Boiling protection up to 129° C (265° F).
• Protection against rust and other forms of corrosion.
• Enables calibrated gauges to work properly.
When the engine is cold, check the
level of the engine coolant in the
reservoir.
UID
SHER FL
WA
ONLY
RADIATOR
COOLANT
ONLY
• The engine coolant should be at the “cold fill level” or within the “cold
fill range” as listed on the engine coolant reservoir (depending upon
application).
191
Maintenance and care
• Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for service interval
schedules.
• Be sure to read and understand Precautions when servicing your
vehicle in this chapter.
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,
the engine coolant reservoir may become low or empty. If the reservoir is
low or empty, add engine coolant to the reservoir. Refer to Adding
engine coolant in this chapter.
Note: Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine
coolant, antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its specified
function and vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
When adding coolant, make sure it is a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant
and distilled water. Add the mixture to the coolant reservoir, when the
engine is cool, until the appropriate fill level is obtained.
Do not add engine coolant when the engine is hot. Steam and
scalding liquids released from a hot cooling system can burn you
badly. Also, you can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts.
Do not put engine coolant in the windshield washer fluid
container. If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could
make it difficult to see through the windshield.
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with either green-colored
Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant meeting Ford specification
ESE-M97B44–A or yellow-colored Motorcraft Premium Gold Engine
Coolant meeting Ford Specification WSS-M97B51–A1. To determine your
vehicle’s coolant type (color), check your coolant reservoir.
• Add Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant (green-colored),
VC-4–A (U.S.) or CXC-10 (Canada) or Motorcraft Premium
Gold Engine Coolant (yellow-colored), VC-7–A, depending on
the type of coolant originally equipped in your vehicle. If you
are unsure which type of coolant your vehicle requires, check your
coolant reservoir or contact your local dealer.
• Do not add/mix an orange-colored, extended life coolant such
as Motorcraft Speciality Orange Engine Coolant, VC-2 (US) or
CXC-209 (Canada), meeting Ford specification WSS-M97B44–D
192
Maintenance and care
with the factory-filled coolant. Mixing Motorcraft Speciality Orange
Engine Coolant or any orange-colored extended life product with your
factory filled coolant can result in degraded corrosion protection.
• A large amount of water without engine coolant may be added, in case
of emergency, to reach a vehicle service location. In this instance, the
cooling system must be drained and refilled with a 50/50 mixture of
engine coolant and distilled water as soon as possible. Water alone
(without engine coolant) can cause engine damage from corrosion,
overheating or freezing.
• Do not use alcohol, methanol or brine or any engine coolants
mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze (coolant). Alcohol
and other liquids can cause engine damage from overheating or
freezing.
• Do not add extra inhibitors or additives to the coolant. These
can be harmful and compromise the corrosion protection of the engine
coolant.
• Do not mix with recycled coolant unless from a Ford-approved
recycling process (see Use of Recycled Engine Coolant section).
For vehicles with overflow coolant systems with a non-pressurized cap
on the coolant recovery system, add coolant to the coolant recovery
reservoir when the engine is cool. Add the proper mixture of coolant and
water to the “cold full” level. For all other vehicles, which have a coolant
degas system with a pressurized cap, or if it is necessary to remove the
coolant pressure relief cap on the radiator of a vehicle with an overflow
system, follow these steps to add engine coolant.
To avoid personal injury, make sure the engine is cool before
unscrewing the coolant pressure relief cap. The cooling system is
under pressure; steam and hot liquid can come out forcefully when the
cap is loosened slightly.
1. Before you begin, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the coolant
pressure relief cap on the coolant reservoir (an opaque plastic bottle).
Slowly turn cap counterclockwise (left) until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
193
Maintenance and care
5. Fill the coolant reservoir slowly with the proper coolant mixture (see
above), to within the “cold fill range” or the “cold full” level on the
reservoir. If you removed the radiator cap in an overflow system, fill the
radiator until the coolant is visible and radiator is almost full.
6. Replace the cap. Turn until tightly installed. (Cap must be tightly
installed to prevent coolant loss.)
After any coolant has been added, check the coolant concentration see
Checking Engine Coolant section). If the concentration is not 50/50
(protection to –34° F/–36° C), drain some coolant and adjust the
concentration. It may take several drains and additions to obtain a 50/50
coolant concentration.
Whenever coolant has been added, the coolant level in the coolant
reservoir should be checked the next few times you drive the vehicle. If
necessary, add enough 50/50 concentration of engine coolant and
distilled water to bring the liquid level to the proper level.
If you have to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per
month, have your dealer check the engine cooling system. Your cooling
system may have a leak. Operating an engine with a low level of coolant
can result in engine overheating and possible engine damage.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends the use of a recycled engine coolant
produced by Ford-approved processes in vehicles originally equipped
with Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant (green-colored). However, not
all coolant recycling processes produce coolant that meets Ford
specification ESE-M97B44–A. Use of such coolant may harm the engine
and cooling system components.
Ford Motor Company does NOT recommend the use of recycled engine
coolant in vehicles originally equipped with Motorcraft Premium Gold
Engine Coolant since a Ford-approved recycling process is not yet
available.
Used engine coolant should be disposed of in an appropriate
manner. Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling
and disposing of automotive fluids.
194
Maintenance and care
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Fill your engine coolant reservoir as outlined in Adding engine coolant
in this chapter.
Severe climates
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36° C [–34° F]):
• It may be necessary to increase the coolant concentration
above 50%.
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.
• Increased engine coolant concentrations above 60% will
decrease the overheat protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• Refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
freeze protection at the temperatures in which you drive in the
winter months.
If you drive in extremely hot climates:
• It is still necessary to maintain the coolant concentration
above 40%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.
• Decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
decrease the corrosion protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• Decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
decrease the freeze protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• Refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
protection at the temperatures in which you drive.
Vehicles driven year-round in non-extreme climates should use a 50/50
mixture of engine coolant and distilled water for optimum cooling system
and engine protection.
195
Maintenance and care
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid.
Refer to the scheduled maintenance
guide for the service interval
schedules. If adding fluid is
necessary, use only MERCONt ATF.
DO N
P
ING
OVER FILOL T
OW FLUIDEER
ER ST
1. Start the engine and let it run until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant temperature gauge indicator will be
near the center of the normal area between H and C).
2. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel left and right several
times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. Check the fluid level in the reservoir. It should be between the MIN
and MAX lines. Do not add fluid if the level is within this range.
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts, continuously checking
the level until it reaches the correct operating range. Be sure to put the
cap back on the reservoir.
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid (if equipped)
Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide for scheduled intervals for
fluid checks and changes. Your transmission does not consume fluid.
However, the fluid level should be checked if the transmission is not
working properly, i.e., if the transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you
notice some sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an
accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is at normal operating
temperature (approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been
196
Maintenance and care
operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot
weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off for about 30
minutes to allow fluid to cool before checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear
ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag. If
necessary, refer to Identifying components in the engine compartment
in this chapter for the location of the dipstick.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in
the designated area for normal operating temperature or ambient
temperature.
Low fluid level
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is at the bottom of the dipstick
and the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F).
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating
temperature 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal
operating temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km
(20 miles) of driving.
You can check the fluid without driving if the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F). However, if fluid is added at this time, an overfill
condition could result when the vehicle reaches normal operating
temperature.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]).
197
Maintenance and care
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at ambient temperature
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]).
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the safe range
may result in transmission failure.
An overfill condition of transmission
fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or
possible damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition.
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and also in the
Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause
internal transmission component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 ml (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
should be removed by a qualified
technician.
An overfill condition of
transmission fluid may cause
shift and/or engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
198
Maintenance and care
Checking and adding transfer case fluid (if equipped)
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler plug and
inspect the fluid level.
3. Add only enough fluid through
the filler opening so that the fluid
level is at the bottom of the
opening.
Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
199
Maintenance and care
BATTERY
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Motorcraft maintenance-free battery
which normally does not require
additional water during its life of
service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature climates, check the
battery electrolyte level. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for
the service interval schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the “level indicator”.
Do not overfill the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery
cells with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the
charging system checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water.
Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause
personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted
substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,
always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper
ventilation.
200
Maintenance and care
When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the
end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,
resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.
Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite
corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric
acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes
when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of
acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush
immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and
lead compounds. Wash hands after handling.
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled by a computer,
some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. When
the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the engine must
relearn its idle and fuel trim strategy for optimum driveability and
performance. To begin this process:
1. With the vehicle at a complete stop, set the parking brake.
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park), turn off all accessories and start the
engine.
3. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature.
4. Allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
5. Turn the A/C on and allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
6. Drive the vehicle to complete the relearning process.
• The vehicle may need to be driven 16 km (10 miles) or more to
relearn the idle and fuel trim strategy.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle trim, the idle
quality of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle
trim is eventually relearned.
If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,
the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once the battery is
reconnected.
201
Maintenance and care
R
TU
LE
AD
RE
N
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your local authorized
standards for disposal. Call your
local authorized recycling center
to find out more about recycling
automotive batteries.
RECYCLE
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when they seem less
effective. Substances such as tree sap and some hot wax treatments used
by commercial car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and
wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
Changing the wiper blades
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
windshield and lock into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the blade and
pull the wiper blade down toward
the windshield to remove it from the
arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
202
Maintenance and care
INFORMATION ABOUT UNIFORM TIRE QUALITY GRADING
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have a rating on them called
Tire Quality Grades. The Quality
grades can be found where
applicable on the tire sidewall
between tread shoulder and
maximum section width. For
example:
• Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
These Tire Quality Grades are determined by standards that the United
States Department of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passenger
cars. They do not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction AA A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. Those
grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
203
Maintenance and care
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on
straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include
acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km
(3 miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the
Certification Label. Tire pressure information can also be found on the
Tire Information label located on the inside of the fuel filler door.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
204
Maintenance and care
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the scheduled maintenance guide. If you notice that
the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
The following procedure applies to vehicles equipped with single rear
wheels.
• Four tire rotation
205
Maintenance and care
• Five tire rotation
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
When replacing full size tires, never mix radial bias-belted, or
bias-type tires. Use only the tire sizes that are listed on the
Certification Label. Make sure that all tires are the same size, speed
rating, and load-carrying capacity. Use only the tire combinations
recommended on the label. If you do not follow these precautions,
your vehicle may not drive properly and safely.
206
Maintenance and care
Make sure that all replacement tires are of the same size, type,
load-carrying capacity and tread design (e.g., “All Terrain”, etc.),
as originally offered by Ford.
Do not replace your tires with “high performance” tires or larger
size tires.
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier for the driver to lose
control and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
USING SNOW TIRES AND TRACTION DEVICES
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all-weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, using snow tires or traction
devices may be necessary. Ford offers tire cables as a Ford approved
accessory and recommends use of these or SAE class “S”. See your
dealer or qualified service technician for more information on tire cables
for your vehicle.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and traction devices:
• Cables or chains should only be used on the rear wheels.
• Install cables or chains securely, verifying that the cables or chains do
not touch any wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the cables or chains rub or bang against
the vehicle, stop and retighten them. If this does not work, remove the
cables or chains to prevent vehicle damage.
• Avoid overloading your vehicle.
• Remove the cables or chains when they are no longer needed.
• Do not use cables or chains on dry roads.
207
Maintenance and care
• Do not exceed 48 km/h (30 mph) with tire cables or chains on your
vehicle.
Consult your dealer for information on other Ford approved methods of
traction control.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel cap to disengage in a collision, which may result in possible
personal injury.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
Fuel ethanol and gasoline may contain benzene, which is a
cancer-causing agent.
208
Maintenance and care
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. Fuels such
as gasoline and ethanol are highly
toxic and if swallowed can cause
death or permanent injury. If fuel
is swallowed, call a physician immediately, even if no symptoms are
immediately apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for
hours.
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind
can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,
excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious
illness and permanent injury.
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and
seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could
lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated
clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or
prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline and/or
ethanol vapors, or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In
sensitive individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If
fuel is splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap
and water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an
adverse reaction.
• FFV fuel tanks may contain zero to 85 percent ethanol. Any fuel
blends containing gasoline and ethanol should be treated the same as
“Fuel Ethanol (E85)”. To identify if your vehicle is an FFV, check your
VIN or the label on the inside of your fuel filler door. When checking
the VIN look for the engine type identifier (8th character). If your
vheicle is an FFV, then the character will be labeled as a “K.”
209
Maintenance and care
Pure ethanol is the alcohol which is the intoxicating agent in liquor, beer
and wine. It is distilled from the fermentation of plants such as field corn
and sugar cane. When ethanol is used in the making of motor fuels, a
small amount of a bad tasting chemical is added to discourage beverage
use. The resulting fuel is called Ed100 meaning 100% pure ethanol
diluted by 2% to 5% gasoline as the “denaturant.”
Fuel ethanol (E85)d is then made by adding 15% more unleaded
gasoline. The resulting fuel also has a higher octane rating than unleaded
regular gasoline and other properties which allow engine designs with
greater efficiency and power.
Winter blends may contain up to 30% (E70)unleaded gasoline (25% plus
the denaturant) to enhance cold engine starts. Severely cold weather
may require additional measures for reliable starting. Refer to Cold
Weather Starting in the Starting chapter.
Ethanol is more chemically active than gasoline. It corrodes some metals
and causes some plastic and rubber components to swell, break down or
become brittle and crack, especially when mixed with gasoline. Special
materials and procedures have been developed for flexible fuel vehicles
and the dispensers used by ethanol fuel providers.
Flexible fuel components and standard unleaded gasoline fuel
components are not interchangeable. If your vehicle is not
serviced in accordance with flexible fuel vehicles procedures, damage
may occur and your warranty may be invalidated.
When refueling always shut the engine off and never allow
sparks or open flames near the filler neck. Never smoke while
refueling. Fuel vapor is extremely hazardous under certain conditions.
Care should be taken to avoid inhaling excess fumes.
The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle can produce static
electricity, which can cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an
ungrounded fuel container.
210
Maintenance and care
Use the following guidelines to avoid static build-up when filling an
ungrounded fuel container:
• Place approved fuel container on the ground.
• DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the vehicle (including the
cargo area).
• Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the fuel container while
filling.
• DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel pump handle in the fill
position.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
If your vehicle is a flexible fuel vehicle (FFV), use only UNLEADED
FUEL and ETHANOL(E85). The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage critical fuel system
components.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle was
not designed may not be covered by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Do not be concerned if your engine
sometimes knocks lightly. However,
if it knocks heavily under most
driving conditions while you are
(R+M)/2 METHOD
using fuel with the recommended
octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified service technician to prevent
any engine damage.
Unleaded Gasoline engines
Your vehicle is designed to use “Regular” unleaded gasoline with an
(R+M)/2 octane rating of 87. We do not recommend the use of gasolines
labeled as “Regular” that are sold with octane ratings of 86 or lower in
high altitude areas.
87
211
Maintenance and care
FFV engine (if equipped)
Your vehicle is designed to use Fuel Ethanol(E85), “Regular” unleaded
gasoline or any percentage of the two fuels combined.
U.S. government regulations require fuel ethanol dispensing
pumps to have a small, square, orange and black label with the
common abbreviation E85 or the appropriate percentage for that
region. Use of other fuels such as Fuel Methanol may cause
powertrain damage, a loss of vehicle performance, and your
warranty may be invalidated.
Fuel quality
Many of the world’s automakers
issued the World-wide Fuel Charter
that recommends gasoline
specifications to provide improved
performance and emission control
system protection for your vehicle.
Gasolines that meet the World-wide
Fuel Charter should be used when
available. Ask your fuel supplier
about gasolines that meet the
World-wide Fuel Charter. In Canada,
look for fuels that display the Auto Makers’ Choicey logo.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use high quality fuel of the recommended octane
rating. Aftermarket products could cause damage to the fuel system.
Repairs to correct the effects of using an aftermarket product in your
fuel may not be covered by your warranty.
Unleaded Gasoline engines
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded
gasoline. “Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended (particularly
in the United States) because it may cause these problems to become
more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
212
Maintenance and care
FFV engine (if equipped)
Your FFV will operate well on ordinary “Regular” unleaded gasoline, but
only the highest quality fuel ethanol will provide the same level of
protection and performance. To identify if your vehicle is an FFV, check
your VIN or the label on the inside of your fuel filler door. When
checking the VIN, look for the engine type identifier (8th character). If
your vehicle is an FFV, then the character will be labeled as a “K.”
Standards for fuel ethanol have been developed to provide FFVs the best
possible performance, safety and durability. To assist alcohol fuel
providers in meeting these standards, guidelines have also been
developed which prescribe “Ethanol Fuel Compatible” dispensing station
equipment. These standards and guidelines can be obtained from Ford
Motor Company. Fuel stations may apply to be certified as meeting these
standards. However, not all stations meet these standards at this time. To
ensure proper operation of your FFV on fuel ethanol, refuel at certified
stations.
If you are experiencing a rough or rolling idle after start-up with the
outside temperature above 27° C (80° F), the idle should improve within
10 to 30 seconds. If the problems persist below this temperature, see
your dealer or a qualified service technician.
Cleaner air
Ford endorses the use of reformulated “cleaner-burning” gasolines to
improve air quality.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out of fuel because this situation may have an adverse
affect on powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to cycle the ignition from OFF to ON several times after
refueling, to allow the fuel system to pump the fuel from the tank to
the engine.
• Your “Check Engine” indicator may come on. For more information on
the “Check Engine” indicator, refer to the Instrumentation chapter.
213
Maintenance and care
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with a 1/8 turn on/off
feature.
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/8 of a turn until it
stops.
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with the notches on the
filler pipe.
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/8 of a turn until it stops.
If the “Check Fuel Cap” indicator comes on and stays on after you start
the engine, the fuel filler cap may not be properly installed. Turn off the
engine, remove the fuel filler cap, align the cap properly and reinstall it.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with a fuel filler
cap that is designed for your vehicle. The customer warranty may
be void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if the
correct genuine Ford or Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel cap to disengage in a collision, which may result in possible
personal injury.
214
Maintenance and care
Fuel Filter
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service
technician. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate
intervals for changing the fuel filter.
Replace the fuel filter with an authorized Motorcraft part. The
customer warranty may be void for any damage to the fuel system
if an authorized Motorcraft fuel filter is not used.
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, the
driver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently as
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fillups or fuel gauge readings are
NOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommend
taking fuel economy measurements during the first 1 600 km (1 000
miles) of driving (engine break-in period). You will get a more accurate
measurement after 3 000 km–5 000 km (2 000 miles-3 000 miles).
Filling the tank
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal to
the rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Refill capacities
section of the Capacities and specifications chapter.
The advertised capacity is the amount of the indicated capacity and the
empty reserve combined. Indicated capacity is the difference in the
amount of fuel in a full tank and a tank when the fuel gauge indicates
empty. Empty reserve is the small amount of fuel remaining in the fuel
tank after the fuel gauge indicates empty.
The amount of usable fuel in the empty reserve varies and should
not be relied upon to increase driving range. When refueling your
vehicle after the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be
able to refuel the full amount of the advertised capacity of the
fuel tank due to the empty reserve still present in the tank.
For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:
• Turn the engine/ignition switch to the off position prior to refueling,
an error in the reading will result if the engine is left running.
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each time
the tank is filled.
215
Maintenance and care
•
•
•
•
Allow no more than 2 automatic click-offs when filling.
Always use fuel with the recommended octane rating.
Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a national brand.
Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the
same direction each time you fill up.
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading
(in kilometers or miles).
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and record
the current odometer reading.
4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the current odometer
reading.
5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fuel
economy:
Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total kilometers
traveled.
Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (city
or highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel
economy under current driving conditions. Additionally, keeping records
during summer and winter will show how temperature impacts fuel
economy. In general, lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.
Ethanol has less energy per gallon than gasoline. Fuel economy will
decrease as the percentage of ethanol used is increased.
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to change
a number of variables and improve your fuel economy.
216
Maintenance and care
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel
economy.
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may waste
fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 88 km/h [55 mph] uses 15%
less fuel than traveling at 105 km/h [65 mph]).
• Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.
• Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.
• You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain if
unnecessary shifting between third and fourth gear occurs.
Unnecessary shifting of this type could result in reduced fuel
economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and may
reduce fuel economy.
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fuel
economy.
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel
economy.
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the
recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checks
found in your vehicle scheduled maintenance guide.
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy
at any speed.
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately
0.4 km/L [1 mpg] is lost for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
217
Maintenance and care
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug
deflectors, rollbars/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) may
reduce fuel economy.
• Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first
12–16 km (8–10 miles) of driving.
• Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel economy as compared to
driving on hilly terrain.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when operated in the top
cruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.
• Four-wheel-drive operation (if equipped) is less fuel efficient than
two-wheel-drive operation.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact your
dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA
window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy comparisons
with other vehicles.
It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the window
sticker. These numbers represent the Range of L/100 km (MPG)
expected on the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel economy
may vary depending upon the method of operation and conditions.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with
applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission control components continue to work
properly:
• Use only unleaded fuel .
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your scheduled maintenance guide performed
according to the specified schedule.
218
Maintenance and care
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the scheduled maintenance
guide are essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its
emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Illumination of the “Check Engine” light, charging system warning light
or the temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke or
loss of engine power, could indicate that the emission control system is
not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentially
lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services,
sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not
permitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent
it from working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on
the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete emission warranty
information.
219
Maintenance and care
Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostics system. If your “Check Engine/Service Engine
Soon” light is on, refer to the description in the Warning lights and
chimes section of the Instrumentation chapter. Your vehicle may not
pass the I/M test with the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the on-board diagnostics system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test”
condition. To ready the on-board diagnostics system for I/M testing, a
minimum of 30 minutes of city and highway driving is necessary as
described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go, city-type traffic with
at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.
BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps frequently:
• Headlamps
• Foglamps
• High-mount brakelamp
• Brakelamps
• Turn signals
• License plate lamp
• Tail lamps
• Back-up lamps
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they can be replaced immediately with
new ones. If a bulb is removed for an extended period of time,
contaminants may enter the lamp housings and affect lamp performance.
220
Maintenance and care
Replacing headlamp bulbs
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in
OFF position, then lift hood and lift
the plastic headlamp cover.
2. At the back of the headlamp, pry
up and remove the two retainer pins
to release the headlamp assembly
from the vehicle and pull headlamp
forward.
3. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the bulb by pulling
rearward.
4. Remove the bulb retaining ring by
rotating it counterclockwise (when
viewed from the rear) to free it
from the bulb socket, and slide the
ring off the plastic base. Keep the
ring to retain the new bulb.
5. Without turning, remove the old
bulb from the lamp assembly by
gently pulling it straight back out of
the lamp assembly.
To install the new bulb:
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of
children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do
not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to
break the next time the headlamps are operated.
221
Maintenance and care
1. With the flat side of the new bulb’s plastic base facing upward, insert
the glass end of the bulb into the lamp assembly. Turn the bulb left or
right to align the grooves in the plastic base with the tabs in the lamp
assembly. When the grooves are aligned, push the bulb into the lamp
assembly until the plastic base contacts the rear of the lamp assembly.
2. Install the bulb retaining ring over the plastic base until it contacts the
rear of the socket by rotating it clockwise until you feel a “stop.”
3. Connect the electrical connector into the rear of the plastic base until
it snaps, locking it into position.
4. Install the headlamp on vehicle by aligning the lamp on the vehicle,
push rearward and secure with two retainer pins.
5. Install the protective cover over headlamps locking it in place.
6. Turn the headlamps on and make sure they work properly. If the
headlamp was correctly aligned before you changed the bulb, you should
not need to align it again.
Replacing front parking lamp/turn signal bulbs
1. Remove screw from the lamp
assembly.
2. Disengage lamp assembly.
3. Rotate bulb socket
counterclockwise and remove from
lamp assembly.
4. Carefully pull bulb straight out of
socket and push in the new bulb.
5. Install bulb socket in lamp
assembly by turning clockwise.
6. Align the parking lamp assembly
and push to snap in place.
7. Install screw on lamp assembly.
222
Maintenance and care
Replacing tail lamp/turn/backup lamp bulbs
The tail lamp/turn/backup lamp bulbs are located in the same portion of
the tail lamp assembly, one just below the other. Follow the same steps
to replace either bulb:
1. Lower the tailgate to expose the
lamp assembly.
2. Remove the three rubber plugs,
screws and the lamp assembly from
vehicle.
3. Rotate bulb socket
counterclockwise and remove from
lamp assembly.
4. Carefully pull the bulb straight
out of the socket and push in the
new bulb.
5. Install the bulb socket in lamp
assembly by turning clockwise.
6. Install the lamp assembly and
secure with three screws and rubber
plugs.
Replacing foglamp bulbs
1. Remove the bulb socket from the
foglamp by turning
counterclockwise.
2. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the foglamp bulb.
3. Connect the electrical connector to the new foglamp bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket in the foglamp turning clockwise.
Replacing high-mount brakelamp and cargo lamp bulbs
The replacement of the high-mount brakelamp bulb and cargo lamp bulb
is basically the same. This procedure covers the high-mount brakelamp
bulb.
223
Maintenance and care
To remove the brakelamp assembly:
1. Remove the two screws and lamp
assembly from vehicle.
2. Remove the bulb socket from
lamp assembly by rotating it 45
degrees.
3. Carefully pull bulb straight out of
socket and push in the new bulb.
To install the brakelamp assembly:
1. Install the bulb socket into the
lamp assembly and rotate 45
degrees.
2. Install the lamp assembly on the vehicle and secure with two screws.
Replacing license plate lamp bulbs
The license plate bulbs are located
behind the rear bumper. To change
the license plate lamp bulbs:
1. Reach behind the rear bumper to
locate the bulb socket.
2. Twist the socket counterclockwise
and remove.
3. Pull out the old bulb from socket
and push in the new bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket in lamp
assembly by turning it clockwise.
USING THE RIGHT BULBS
Replacement bulbs are specified in the chart below. Headlamp bulbs
must be marked with an authorized “D.O.T.” for North America and an
“E” for Europe to assure lamp performance, light brightness and pattern
and safe visibility. The correct bulbs will not damage the lamp assembly
or void the lamp assembly warranty and will provide quality bulb burn
time.
224
Maintenance and care
Function
Headlamps
Park/turn/side marker
lamps
Rear stop/tail /turn lamps
Backup lamp
Hi-mount brake lamp
Fog lamp
Rear license plate lamps
Overhead map lamp
Number of bulbs
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
2
Trade number
9007
3157 AK (amber)
3157K
3156K
922
9145
194
PC579
(XU5A-13466-AA)
168 (T10)
906
906
Map lamps
2
Dome lamp
1
Cargo lamp
2
Front door courtesy lamp
1
168
(if equipped)
Ashtray lamp
1
161
All replacement bulbs are clear in color except where noted.
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer.
REPLACING THE INTERIOR BULBS
Check the operation of the following interior bulbs frequently:
• interior overhead lamp
• map lamp
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified technician.
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
The headlamps on your vehicle are properly aimed at the assembly plant.
If your vehicle has been in an accident the alignment of your headlamps
should be checked by a qualified service technician.
225
Maintenance and care
Vertical aim adjustment
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface approximately 7.6 meters (25 feet)
from a vertical wall or screen directly in front of it. This procedure
should be done in a dark enviroment to effectively see the headlamp
beam pattern.
• (A) Eight feet
• (B) Center height of lamp to ground
• (C) Twenty five feet
• (D) Horizontal reference line
A
D
B
C
2. The center of the lamp is marked by a 3.0 mm circle on the headlamp
lens. Measure the height from the center of your headlamp to the ground
and mark a 2.4 meter (8 foot) long horizontal reference line on the
vertical wall or screen at this height (a piece of masking tape works
well).
226
Maintenance and care
3. Turn on the low beam headlamps
to illuminate the wall or screen and
open the hood.
4. On the wall or screen you will
observe the light pattern with a
distinct horizonal edge of high
intensity light at the top of the
beam pattern. If this edge is not at
the horizontal reference line, the
beam will need to be adjusted.
5. Locate the vertical adjuster on
each headlamp, then use a 6 mm
allen wrench or screwdriver to turn
the adjuster either counterclockwise
(to adjust up) or clockwise (to
adjust down).
6. HORIZONTAL AIM IS NOT
REQUIRED FOR THIS VEHICLE
AND IS NON-ADJUSTABLE.
7. Close the hood and turn off the
lamps.
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the Customer Assistance chapter for a list of Ford-approved
cleaners, polishes and waxes.
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle regularly with
cold or lukewarm water. Never use
strong detergents or soap. If your
vehicle is particularly dirty, use a
quality car wash detergent. Always
use a clean sponge, washing glove
or similar device and plenty of water
for best results. To avoid spots,
avoid washing when the hood is still
warm, immediately after or during
exposure to strong sunlight.
227
Maintenance and care
During winter months, it is especially important to wash the vehicle on a
regular basis. Large quantities of dirt and road salt are difficult to
remove and also cause damage to the vehicle.
Any gasoline spilled on the vehicle or deposits such as bird droppings
should be washed and sponged off as soon as possible. Deposits not
removed promptly can cause damage to the vehicle’s paintwork.
Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before entering a car
wash. If you have wax applied to the vehicle at a commercial car wash, it
is recommended that you clean the wiper blades and windshield as
described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry them.
Underbody
Flush the complete underside of vehicle frequently. Keep body drain
holes unplugged. Inspect for road damage.
Waxing your vehicle
Waxing your vehicle on a regular basis will reduce minor scratches and
paint damage.
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This could be every three
or four months, depending on operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Use a cleaning fluid with a
clean cloth to remove any bugs before waxing your vehicle. Use tar
remover to remove any tar spots.
Avoid getting wax on the windshield, or on any surfaces which appear
coarse or bumpy. If you have wax applied at a commercial car wash, it is
recommended that you clean the wiper blades and windshield as
described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris may be repaired with
the Ultra Touch Prep and Finishing Kit (F7AZ-19K507–BA), Lacquer
Touch-up Paint (ALBZ-19500–XXXXA), or Exterior Acrylic Spray
Lacquer (ALAZ-19500–XXXXA) from the Ford Car Care Chemicals line.
Please note that the part numbers (shown as XXXX above) will vary with
your vehicle’s specific coloring. Observe the application instructions on
the products.
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect remains, tar
spots, road salt and industrial fallout immediately.
228
Maintenance and care
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The high
pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking the engine block or
other engine components.
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning
the engine.
• 4.0L SOHC
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your vehicle. Do not use
acid-based or alcohol-based wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong
detergents. Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of special
wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove grease and tar.
The brushes used in some automatic car washes may damage the finish
on your wheels. Before going to a car wash, find out if the brushes are
abrasive.
229
Maintenance and care
Cleaning non-painted plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a tar remover if
necessary. Do not clean plastic parts with thinners, solvents or
petroleum-based cleaners.
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of your vehicle. If
necessary, use a tar remover such as Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road
Oil Remover (B7A-19520–AA).
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry paper towel, chemical
solvents or abrasive cleaners.
Cleaning the windshield, wiper blades and rear window
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the wiper blade rubber
element with undiluted windshield washer solution or a mild detergent.
To avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or
other solvents.
If the wiper still does not wipe properly, this could be caused by
substances on the windshield or rear window such as tree sap and some
hot wax treatments used by commercial car washes. Clean the outside of
the windshield or rear window with a non-abrasive cleaner such as Ford
Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner, (E4AZ-19C507–AA), available from your
Ford Dealer. Do not use abrasive cleansers on glass as they may cause
scratches. The windshield or rear window is clean if beads do not form
when you rinse it with water. The windshield, rear window and wiper
blades should be cleaned on a regular basis, and blades or rubber
elements replaced when worn.
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the upper portion of
the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the driver
from undesirable windshield reflection.
Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaning
the steering wheel or instrument panel to avoid contamination of
the air bag system.
230
Maintenance and care
Cleaning the instrument cluster lens
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Do not use household or glass cleaners as these may damage the lens.
Cleaning the overhead console
Clean with a damp cloth, then wipe dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the console. The dull
finish in this area helps protect the driver from undesirable windshield
reflection.
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Do not use household or glass cleaners.
These agents can stain and discolor the fabric. Use a mild soap and
water solution if necessary.
Cleaning leather seats (if equipped)
To clean, simply use a soft cloth dampened with water and a mild soap.
Wipe the leather again with a damp cloth to remove soap residue. Dry
with a soft cloth. For tougher soiling concerns, Ford recommends using
the Deluxe Leather Care Kit F8AZ-19G253–AA, which is available from
your Ford Dealer. This mild cleaner and special pad, cleans the leather
and maintains its natural beauty. Follow the instructions on the cleaner
label. Regular cleaning of your leather upholstery helps maintain its
resiliency and color.
Do not use household cleaning products, alcohol solutions,
solvents or cleaners intended for rubber, vinyl or plastics.
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution recommended for
cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do not bleach or dye the belts, because
these actions may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make sure there are no
nicks, tears or cuts. If your vehicle has been involved in an accident,
refer to the Safety belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
231
Maintenance and care
Inside windows
Use Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (E4AZ-19C507–AA) for the inside
windows if they become fogged.
Cleaning mirrors
Do not clean your mirrors with a dry cloth or abrasive materials. Use a
soft cloth and mild detergent and water. Be careful when removing ice
from outside mirrors because you may damage the reflective surface.
Tonneau cover care (if equipped)
To avoid damage to the vinyl tonneau cover, do not use any silicone
based cleaner or conditioner. Do not use stiff bristle brushes or abrasive
materials or cleaners.
Hot waxes applied by commercial car washes can affect the cleanability
of vinyl material.
Using high water pressure or wand-type car washes against the vinyl
cover and tonneau frame rails may cause water leaks and possible seal
damage.
232
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
Air filter element
Fuel filter
Battery
Oil filter
PCV valve
Spark plugs*
4.0L SOHC V6 engine
FA-1658
FG-986B
BXT-65-650
FL-820S
EV-243
AGSF-22PP
* Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for spark
plug gap information.
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Brake and
clutch fluid
Engine oil
(including filter
change)
Fuel tank
Ford Part
Name
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Motorcraft SAE
5W-30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
N/A
Power steering
fluid
Transmission
fluid 1
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Motorcraft
MERCONtV
ATF
Transfer case
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Application
Capacity
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
All
4.7L (5.0
quarts)
All
77.6L (20.5
gallons)
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
5R55E
9.5L (10.0
Automatic (4x2) quarts) 2
5R55E
9.8L (10.3
Automatic (4x4) quarts) 2
4WD
1.2L (1.3
quarts) 3
233
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Engine coolant
Front axle
lubricant
Rear axle
lubricant 5
Windshield
washer fluid
1
4
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft
Premium Engine
Coolant
(green-colored)
or Motorcraft
Premium Gold
Engine Coolant
(yellow-colored)
Motorcraft SAE
80W-90
Premium Rear
Axle Lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
80W-90
Premium Rear
Axle Lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
75W-140 High
Performance
Synthetic Rear
Axle Lubricant
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Application
Capacity
4.0L SOHC V6
engine
13.2L (14.0
quarts)
4x4 vehicles
1.7L (1.8
quarts)
Refer to
Footnote 6
2.9-3.1L (5.5-5.8
pints)
Refer to
Footnote 7
All
2.6L (2.7
quarts)
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. MERCONt and
MERCONt V are not interchangeable. DO NOT MIX MERCONt and
MERCONt V. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide to determine
the correct service interval.
2
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may vary
based on cooler size and if equipped with an in-tank cooler. The amount
of transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the indication on
the dipstick’s normal operating range.
3
Fill to bottom of filler plug hole.
234
Capacities and specifications
4
Add the coolant type originally equipped in your vehicle.
Fill to 6 mm to 14 mm (1/4 inch to 9/16 inch) below bottom of filler
plug hole.
6
For vehicles equipped with a conventional rear axle, refer to your
scheduled maintenance guide for axle fluid change intervals.
7
Vehicles equipped with Traction-Lok axle require synthetic rear axle
lubricant. Rear axles containing synthetic lubricant are lubricated for life.
These lubricants are not to be checked or changed unless a leak is
suspected or service is required. The axle lubricant should be changed
any time the axle has been submerged in water.
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or
equivalent meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118–A for complete refill
of Traction-Lok axles.
5
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Ford Part
Name or
equivalent
Body hinges,
latches, door
striker plates
and rotors, seat
tracks, fuel filler Multi-Purpose
door hinge and Grease
spring, hood
latch, auxiliary
latch, seat
tracks
High
Hydraulic clutch Perfromance
fluid and brake DOT 3 Motor
fluid
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Driveshaft, slip
Premium Long
spline, universal
Life Grease
joints
Ford Part
Number
Ford
Specification
D0AZ-19584-AA
ESB-M1C93-B or
or
ESR-M1C159-A
F5AZ-19G209-AA
C6AZ-19542-AB
ESA-M6C25-A
and DOT 3
XG-1-C or
XG-1-T or
XG-1-K
ESA-M1C75-B
235
Capacities and specifications
Item
Engine coolant
Engine oil
Automatic
transmission
(5R55E) 1
Power steering
fluid
Ford
conventional and
Traction-Lok
rear axles
Front axle
(4X4)
Transfer case
(4X4)
236
Ford Part
Name or
equivalent
Motorcraft
Premium Engine
Coolant
(green-colored)
Motorcraft
Premium Gold
Engine Coolant
(yellow-colored)
Motorcraft SAE
5W-30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
Motorcraft
MERCONtV
ATF
Motorcraft
MERCON
Multi-Purposet
ATF
2, 3, 4
Motorcraft SAE
80W-90
Premium Rear
Axle Lubricant
Motorcraft
MERCON
Multi-Purposet
ATF
Ford Part
Number
Ford
Specification
VC-4–A (US) or
CXC-10
(Canada)
ESE-M97B44-A
VC-7–A
WSS-M97B51-A1
XO-5W30-QSP
WSS-M2C153-G
with API
Certification
Mark
XT-5-QM
MERCONtV
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
2, 3, 4
2, 3, 4
XY-80W90-QL
WSP-M2C197-A
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
Capacities and specifications
Item
Transfer case
Front Output
Slip Shaft
Windshield
washer fluid
Ford Part
Name or
equivalent
Ford Part
Number
XG-1-C or
Premium
XG-1-T or
Long-Life Grease
XG-1-K
Ultra-clear
Windshield
C9AZ-19550-AC
Washer
Concentrate
Ford
Specification
ESA-M1C75-B
ESR-M17P5-A
1
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. MERCONt and MERCONt V are not interchangeable. DO NOT
mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Refer to your scheduled maintenance
guide to determine the correct service interval.
2
Conventional rear axles are filled with Motorcraft SAE 80W-90 Premium
Rear Axle Lubricant, part number XY-80W90-QL, Ford specification
WSP-M2C197-A.
3
Traction-Lok rear axles are filled with Motorcraft SAE 75W-140 High
Performance Synthetic Rear Axle Lubricant, part number F1TZ-19780-B,
Ford specification WSL-M2C192-A.
4
Add 118 ml (4 oz) of Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or
equivalent meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118–A to Traction-Lok
rear axles whenever the axle has been serviced.
237
Capacities and specifications
ENGINE DATA
Engine
Cubic inches
Required fuel
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression ratio
4.0L SOHC V6 engine
245
87 octane
1-4-2-5-3-6
1.3-1.4 mm (0.052-0.056 inch)
EDIS
9.7:1
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Dimensions
(1) Overall length
(2) Overall width
(3) Vehicle height/ Maximum
height*
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Front track /Rear track
4-Door mm (in.)
5 230 (205.9)
1 823 (71.8)
1 776 (69.9)/1 794 (70.6)*
3 198 (125.9)
1 486 (58.5)/1 480 (58.3)
*Denotes a 4x4 vehicle with 16” tires
238
Capacities and specifications
3
5
2
4
1
239
Capacities and specifications
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Certification label
The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration Regulations require
that a Certification label be affixed
to a vehicle and prescribe where the
Certification label may be located.
The Certification label is located on
the front door latch pillar on the
driver’s side.
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is
attached to a metal tag and is
located on the driver side
instrument panel. (Please note that
in the graphic XXXX is
representative of your vehicle
identification number.)
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the vehicle identification
number) is stamped on the engine block, transmission, frame and
transfer case (if equipped).
240
Customer assistance
Ford Extended Service Plan
You can get more protection for your new car or light truck by
purchasing Ford Extended Service Plan (Ford ESP) coverage. Ford ESP
is an optional service contract which is backed by Ford Motor Company
or Ford Motor Service Company (in the U.S.) and Ford of Canada (in
Canada). It provides the following:
• Benefits during the warranty period depending on the plan you
purchase (such as: reimbursement for rentals; coverage for certain
maintenance and wear items).
• Protection against covered repair costs after your Bumper-to-Bumper
Warranty expires.
You may purchase Ford ESP from any participating Ford and Lincoln
Mercury and Ford of Canada dealer. There are several plans available in
various time, distance and deductible combinations which can be tailored
to fit your own driving needs. Ford ESP also offers reimbursement
benefits for towing and rental coverage.
When you buy Ford ESP, you receive Peace-of-Mind protection throughout
the United States and Canada, provided by a network of more than 5,000
participating Ford or Lincoln Mercury and Ford of Canada dealers.
If you did not take advantage of the Ford Extended Service Plan at the
time of purchasing your vehicle, you may still be eligible. Please contact
your dealer for further information. Since this information is subject to
change, please ask your dealer for complete details about Ford Extended
Service Plan coverage options, or visit the Ford ESP website at
www.ford-esp.com.
GETTING THE SERVICES YOU NEED
At home
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada have authorized dealerships to
service your vehicle. It is preferred that you return to the Ford dealer
where your vehicle was purchased when warranty repairs are needed.
However, you may also take your vehicle to another Ford Motor
Company or Ford of Canada dealership authorized for warranty repairs.
Certain warranty repairs require special training though, so not all
dealers are authorized to perform all warranty repairs. That means that
depending on the warranty repair needed, the vehicle may need to be
taken to another dealer. If a particular dealership can not assist you,
then contact the Customer Relationship Center.
241
Customer assistance
If you have questions or concerns, or are unsatisfied with the service you
are receiving, follow these steps:
1. Contact your Sales Representative or Service Advisor at your
selling/servicing dealership.
2. If your inquiry or concern remains unresolved, contact the Sales
Manager or Service Manager at the dealership.
3. If the inquiry or concern cannot be resolved at the dealership level,
please contact the Ford Customer Relationship Center.
Away from home
If you own a Ford or Mercury vehicle and are away from home when
your vehicle needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership
could provide, after following the steps described above, contact the
Ford Customer Relationship Center to find an authorized dealership to
help you. In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Relationship Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-392-3673 (FORD)
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Relationship Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
If you own a Lincoln vehicle and are away from home when your vehicle
needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership could provide,
after following the steps described above, contact the Ford Customer
Relationship Center to find an authorized dealership to help you.
In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Relationship Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-521-4140
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
242
Customer assistance
In Canada:
Customer Relationship Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
In order to help you service your Ford or Lincoln Mercury vehicle, please
have the following information available when contacting a Customer
Relationship Center:
• Your telephone number (home and business).
• The name of the dealer and the city where the dealership is located.
• The year and make of your vehicle.
• The date of vehicle purchase.
• The current odometer reading.
• The vehicle identification number (VIN).
If you still have a complaint involving a warranty dispute, you may wish
to contact the Dispute Settlement Board (U.S.) or the Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP), available in all of Canada (except
Quebec).
In some states (in the U.S.) you must directly notify Ford in writing
before pursuing remedies under your state’s warranty laws. Ford is also
allowed a final repair attempt in some states.
In the United States, a warranty dispute must be submitted to the
Dispute Settlement Board before taking action under the Magnuson-Moss
Warranty Act, or to the extent allowed by state law, before pursuing
replacement or repurchase remedies provided by certain state laws. This
dispute handling procedure is not required prior to enforcing state
created rights or other rights which are independent of the
Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act or state replacement or repurchase laws.
THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BOARD (U.S. only)
The Dispute Settlement Board is:
• an independent, third-party arbitration program for warranty disputes
• available free to owners and lessees of qualifying Ford Motor Company
vehicles
243
Customer assistance
The Dispute Settlement Board may not be available in all states. Ford
Motor Company reserves the right to change eligibility limitations, modify
procedures and/or to discontinue this service without notice and without
incurring obligations per applicable state law.
What kinds of cases does the Board review?
Unresolved warranty repair concerns or vehicle performance concerns as
on Ford and Lincoln Mercury cars and Ford and Lincoln Mercury light
trucks which are within the terms of any applicable written new vehicle
warranty are eligible for review, except those involving:
• a non-Ford product
• a non-Ford dealership
• sales disputes between customer and dealer except those associated
with warranty repairs or concerns with the vehicle’s performance as
designed
• a request for reimbursement of consequential expenses unless a
service or product concern is being reviewed
• items not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty (including
maintenance and wear items)
• alleged personal injury/property damage claims
• cases currently in litigation
• vehicles not used primarily for family, personal or household purposes
(except in states where the Dispute Settlement Board is required to
review commercial vehicles)
• vehicles with non-U.S. warranties
Concerns are ineligible for review if the New Vehicle Limited Warranty
has expired at receipt of your application and, in certain states eligibility
is dependent upon the customer’s possession of the vehicle.
Eligibility may differ according to state law. For example, see the unique
brochures for California, West Virginia, Georgia and Wisconsin
purchasers/lessees.
244
Customer assistance
Board membership
The Board consists of:
• three consumer representatives
• a Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealership representative
Consumer candidates for Board membership are recruited and trained by
an independent consulting firm. The dealership Board member is chosen
from Ford and Lincoln Mercury dealership management, recognized for
their business leadership qualities.
What the Board needs
To have your case reviewed you must complete the application in the
DSB brochure and mail it to the address provided on the application
form. Some states will require you to use certified mail, with return
receipt requested.
Your application is reviewed and, if it is determined to be eligible, you
will receive an acknowledgment indicating:
• the file number assigned to your application
• the toll-free phone number of the DSB’s independent administrator
Your dealership and a Ford Motor Company representative will then be
asked to submit statements.
To properly review your case, the Board needs the following information:
• legible copies of all documents and maintenance or repair orders
relevant to the case
• the year, make, model, and Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) listed
on your vehicle ownership license
• the date of repair(s) and mileage at the time of occurrence(s)
• the current mileage
• the name of the dealer(s) who sold or serviced the vehicle
• a brief description of your unresolved concern
• a brief summary of the action taken by the dealer(s) and Ford Motor
Company
• the names (if known) of all the people you contacted at the
dealership(s)
• a description of the action you expect to resolve your concern
You will receive a letter of explanation if your application does not
qualify for Board review.
245
Customer assistance
Oral presentations
If you would like to make an oral presentation, indicate YES to question
6 on the application. While it is your right to make an oral presentation
before the Board, this is not a requirement and the Board will decide the
case whether or not an oral presentation is made. An oral presentation
may be requested by the Board as well.
Making a decision
Board members review all available information related to each
complaint, including oral presentations, and arrive at a fair and impartial
decision. Board review may be terminated at any time by either party.
Every effort is made to decide the case within 40 days of the date that
all requested information is received by the Board. Since the Board
generally meets once a month, it may take longer for the Board to
consider some cases.
After a case is reviewed, the Board mails you a decision letter and a
form on which to accept or reject the Board’s decision. The decisions of
the Board are binding on Ford (and, in some cases, on the dealer) but
not on consumers who are free to pursue other remedies available to
them under state or federal law.
To Request a DSB Brochure/Application
For a brochure/application, speak to your dealer or write/call to the
Board at the following address/phone number:
Dispute Settlement Board
P.O. Box 5120
Southfield, MI 48086–5120
1–800–428–3718
You may also contact the North American Customer Relationship Center
at 1-800-392-3673 (Ford), TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952
or by writing to the Center at the following address:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Relationship Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
246
Customer assistance
UTILIZING THE MEDIATION/ARBITRATION PROGRAM
(CANADA ONLY)
In those cases where you continue to feel that the efforts by Ford and
the dealer to resolve a factory-related vehicle service concern have been
unsatisfactory, Ford of Canada participates in an impartial third party
mediation/arbitration program administered by the Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The CAMVAP program is a straight-forward and relatively speedy
alternative to resolve a disagreement when all other efforts to produce a
settlement have failed. This procedure is without cost to you and is
designed to eliminate the need for lengthy and expensive legal
proceedings.
In the CAMVAP program, impartial third-party arbitrators conduct
hearings at mutually convenient times and places in an informal
environment. These impartial arbitrators review the positions of the
parties, make decisions and, when appropriate, render awards to resolve
disputes. CAMVAP decisions are fast, fair, and final; the arbitrator’s
award is binding both to you and Ford of Canada.
CAMVAP services are available in all territories and provinces, except
Quebec. For more information, without charge or obligation, call your
CAMVAP Provincial Administrator directly at 1-800-207-0685.
GETTING ASSISTANCE OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND CANADA
Before exporting your vehicle to a foreign country, contact the
appropriate foreign embassy or consulate. These officials can inform you
of local vehicle registration regulations and where to find unleaded fuel.
If you cannot find unleaded fuel or can only get fuel with an anti-knock
index lower than is recommended for your vehicle, contact a district or
owner relations/customer relationship office.
The use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without proper conversion may
damage the effectiveness of your emission control system and may cause
engine knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor Company/Ford of
Canada is not responsible for any damage caused by use of improper
fuel.
In the United States, using leaded fuel may also result in difficulty
importing your vehicle back into the U.S.
247
Customer assistance
If your vehicle must be serviced while you are traveling or living in
Central or South America, the Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the
nearest Ford dealership. If the dealership cannot help you, write or call:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
WORLDWIDE DIRECT MARKET OPERATIONS
1555 Fairlane Drive
Fairlane Business Park #3
Allen Park, Michigan 48101
U.S.A.
Telephone: (313) 594-4857
FAX: (313) 390-0804
If you are in another foreign country, contact the nearest Ford
dealership. If the dealership employees cannot help you, they can direct
you to the nearest Ford affiliate office.
If you buy your vehicle in North America and then relocate outside of
the U.S. or Canada, register your vehicle identification number (VIN) and
new address with Ford Motor Company Worldwide Direct Market
Operations.
FORD ACCESSORIES FOR YOUR VEHICLE
A wide selection of genuine Ford accessories are available for your
vehicle through your local authorized Ford, Lincoln Mercury or Ford of
Canada dealer. These quality accessories have been specifically
engineered to fulfill your automotive needs; they are custom designed to
complement the style and aerodynamic appearance of your vehicle. In
addition, each accessory is made from high quality materials and meets
or exceeds Ford’s rigorous engineering and safety specifications. Ford
Motor Company will repair or replace any properly dealer-installed Ford
accessory found to be defective in factory-supplied materials or
workmanship during the warranty period, as well as any component
damaged by the defective accessory. The accessory will be warranted for
whichever provides you the greatest benefit:
• 12 months or 20 000 km (12 000 miles) (whichever occurs first), or
• The remainder of your new vehicle limited warranty.
This means that genuine Ford accessories purchased along with your
new vehicle and installed by the dealer are covered for the full length of
your New Vehicle’s Limited Warranty — 3 years or 60 000 km (36 000
miles) (whichever occurs first). Contact your dealer for details and a
copy of the warranty.
Not all accessories are available for all models.
248
Customer assistance
Vehicle Security
Styled wheel protector locks
Vehicle security systems
Comfort and convenience
Celluar phone holder
Compass mirror
Compass mirror with temperature display
Engine block heaters
Seatback organizer
Tire step
Travel equipment
Cargo cage
Daytime running lights
Factory luggage rack (cross bars)
Factory luggage rack adaptors (bike, ski, luggage)
Fog lights
Front tow hooks
Heavy-duty battery
Pickup box dividers
Removable luggage rack — cross bars
Removable luggage rack adapters
Running boards and bars
Soft luggage cover
Speed control
Trailer hitch
Trailer hitch bars and balls
Trailer hitch wiring adaptor
249
Customer assistance
Protection and appearance equipment
Air bag anti-theft locks
Automatic headlamp system
Bed mats
Berber floor mats
Carpet floor mats
Cleaners, waxes and polishes
Door edge guards
Front end covers (full and mini)
Hood deflectors
Locking gas cap
Lubricants and oils
Molded splash guards
Molded vinyl floor mats
Rear window deflectors
Side window air deflectors
Skid plate kit
Spare tire lock
Tonneau covers (hard)
Touch-up paint
Truck covers
For maximum vehicle performance, keep the following information in
mind when adding accessories or equipment to your vehicle:
• When adding accessories, equipment, passengers and luggage to your
vehicle, do not exceed the total weight capacity of the vehicle or of
the front or rear axle (GVWR or GAWR as indicated on the Safety
compliance certification label). Consult your dealer for specific weight
information.
• The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Canadian Radio
Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) regulate the use of mobile
communications systems - such as two-way radios, telephones and theft
alarms - that are equipped with radio transmitters. Any such equipment
installed in your vehicle should comply with FCC or CRTC regulations
and should be installed only by a qualified service technician.
250
Customer assistance
• Mobile communications systems may harm the operation of your
vehicle, particularly if they are not properly designed for automotive
use or are not properly installed. When operated, such systems may
cause the engine to stumble or stall or cause the transmission to be
damaged or operate improperly. In addition, such systems may be
damaged or their performance may be affected by operating your
vehicle. (Citizens band [CB] transceivers, garage door openers and
other transmitters with outputs of five watts or less will not ordinarily
affect your vehicle’s operation.)
• Ford cannot assume responsibility for any adverse effects or damage
that may result from the use of such equipment.
ORDERING ADDITIONAL OWNER’S LITERATURE
To order the publications in this portfolio, contact Helm, Incorporated at:
HELM, INCORPORATED
P.O. Box 07150
Detroit, Michigan 48207
Or call:
For a free publication catalog, order toll free: 1-800-782-4356
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST
(Items in this catalog may be purchased by credit card holders only.)
IN CALIFORNIA (U.S. ONLY)
California Civil Code Section 1793.2(d) requires that, if a manufacturer
or its representative is unable to repair a motor vehicle to conform to the
vehicle’s applicable express warranty after a reasonable number of
attempts, the manufacturer shall be required to either replace the
vehicle with one substantially identical or repurchase the vehicle and
reimburse the buyer in an amount equal to the actual price paid or
payable by the consumer (less a reasonable allowance for consumer
use). The consumer has the right to choose whether to receive a refund
or replacement vehicle.
251
Customer assistance
California Civil Code Section 1793.22(b) presumes that the manufacturer
has had a reasonable number of attempts to conform the vehicle to its
applicable express warranties if, within the first 18 months of ownership
of a new vehicle or the first 29 000 km (18 000 miles), whichever occurs
first:
1. Two or more repair attempts are made on the same nonconformity
likely to cause death or serious bodily injury OR
2. Four or more repair attempts are made on the same nonconformity (a
defect or condition that substantially impairs the use, value or safety of
the vehicle) OR
3. The vehicle is out of service for repair of nonconformities for a total of
more than 30 calendar days (not necessarily all at one time)
In the case of 1 or 2 above, the consumer must also notify the
manufacturer of the need for the repair of the nonconformity at the
following address:
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
Mail Drop 3NE-B
Dearborn, MI 48126
252
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect that could cause a crash, or
could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
253
Index
A
Air bag supplemental restraint
system ........................................112
and child safety seats ............114
description ..............................112
disposal ....................................117
driver air bag ..........................115
indicator light ...................10, 117
operation .................................115
passenger air bag ...................115
Air cleaner filter ...............190, 233
Air conditioning ..........................20
rear seat controls .....................23
Ambulance packages ....................3
Antifreeze (see Engine
coolant) .....................................191
Anti-lock brake system (see
Brakes) ..............................132–133
Anti-theft system
warning light .............................11
Audio system (see Radio) .........27
Automatic transmission ............136
driving an automatic
overdrive .................................137
fluid, adding ............................196
fluid, checking ........................196
fluid, refill capacities ..............233
fluid, specification ..................238
Auxiliary power point .................73
Axle
lubricant specifications ..235, 238
refill capacities ........................233
traction lok ..............................135
B
Battery .......................................200
254
acid, treating emergencies .....200
charging system
warning light .............................11
jumping a disabled battery ....174
maintenance-free ....................200
replacement, specifications ...233
servicing ..................................200
voltage gauge ............................16
Belt minder ...............................108
Brakes ........................................132
anti-lock ...........................132–133
anti-lock brake system
(ABS) warning light .........10, 133
brake warning light ..................10
fluid, checking and adding ....188
fluid, refill capacities ..............233
fluid, specifications .........235, 238
lubricant specifications ..235, 238
parking ....................................133
shift interlock ..........................136
Break-in period .............................3
C
Capacities for refilling fluids ....233
Cargo cage ...................................76
Cassette tape player ...................37
Certification Label ....................240
Child safety restraints ..............118
child safety belts ....................118
Child safety seats ......................119
attaching with tether straps ..124
in front seat ............................121
in rear seat ......................121, 123
Cleaning your vehicle ...............227
engine compartment ..............229
exterior ............................228, 232
exterior lamps .........................230
Index
instrument cluster lens ..........231
instrument panel ....................230
interior .....................................231
mirrors .....................................232
plastic parts ............................230
safety belts ..............................231
washing ....................................227
waxing .....................................228
wheels ......................................229
windows ..................................232
wiper blades ............................230
Climate control (see Air
conditioning or Heating) ............20
Clock ......................................35, 50
Clutch
fluid ..........................................189
operation while driving ..........140
recommended shift speeds ....141
Compass, electronic ....................65
calibration .................................67
set zone adjustment .................66
Console ........................................72
overhead ....................................63
Controls
power seat .................................98
Coolant
checking and adding ..............191
refill capacities ................195, 233
specifications ..................235, 238
Cruise control (see Speed
control) ........................................56
Customer Assistance ................158
Ford accessories for your
vehicle .....................................249
Ford Extended Service
Plan ..........................................241
Getting assistance outside the
U.S. and Canada .....................247
Getting roadside assistance ...158
Getting the service
you need .................................241
Ordering additional owner’s
literature .................................251
The Dispute Settlement
Board .......................................243
Utilizing the
Mediation/Arbitration
Program ...................................247
D
Daytime running lamps
(see Lamps) ................................18
Dipstick
automatic transmission
fluid ..........................................196
engine oil .................................185
Doors
door ajar warning .....................12
lubricant specifications ..........235
Driving under special
conditions ..........................146–147
mud ..........................................146
sand .........................................146
snow and ice ...........................147
through water .................146, 150
E
Emergencies, roadside
jump-starting ..........................174
Emission control system ..........218
Engine ........................................238
check engine/service engine
soon light ....................................8
cleaning ...................................229
coolant .....................................191
idle speed control ...................200
255
Index
lubrication
specifications ..................235, 238
refill capacities ........................233
service points ..........................184
starting after a collision .........159
Engine block heater .................130
Engine oil ..................................185
checking and adding ..............185
dipstick ....................................185
filter, specifications ........187, 233
recommendations ...................187
refill capacities ........................233
specifications ..................235, 238
Exhaust fumes ..........................131
F
Flexible Fuel Vehicle (FFV) ....208
Floor mats ...................................74
Fluid capacities .........................233
Foglamps .....................................18
Four-Wheel Drive
vehicles ................................12, 142
control trac ...............................27
description ..............................143
driving off road .......................145
electronic shift ..................27, 143
indicator light .........................143
preparing to drive your
vehicle .....................................135
Fuel ............................................208
calculating fuel economy .......215
cap .......................................9, 214
capacity ...................................233
choosing the right fuel ...........211
comparisons with EPA fuel
economy estimates .................218
detergent in fuel .....................213
256
filling your vehicle
with fuel ..................208, 214–215
filter, specifications ........215, 233
fuel pump shut-off switch .....159
gauge .........................................17
improving fuel economy ........215
octane rating ...................211, 238
quality ......................................212
running out of fuel .................213
safety information relating to
automotive fuels .....................208
Fuses ..................................161–162
G
Garage door opener ....................63
Gas cap (see Fuel cap) ........9, 214
Gas mileage (see Fuel
economy) ...................................215
Gauges .........................................14
battery voltage gauge ...............16
engine coolant temperature
gauge .........................................15
engine oil pressure gauge ........16
fuel gauge ..................................17
odometer ...................................15
speedometer .............................14
tachometer ................................16
trip odometer ............................15
GAWR (Gross Axle Weight
Rating) .......................................148
calculating ...............................150
definition .................................148
driving with a heavy load ......148
location ....................................148
GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating) .......................................148
calculating .......................148, 150
definition .................................148
Index
driving with a heavy load ......148
location ....................................148
storage .....................................168
Jump-starting your vehicle ......174
H
K
Hazard flashers .........................159
Head restraints .....................96, 99
Headlamps ...................................18
aiming ..............................225–226
bulb specifications ..................224
daytime running lights .............18
flash to pass ..............................19
high beam ...........................11, 19
replacing bulbs .......................221
turning on and off ....................18
warning chime ..........................13
Heating ........................................20
heating and air conditioning
system .......................................20
Hood ..........................................183
Keyless entry system .................88
autolock .....................................91
keypad .......................................88
locking and unlocking doors ....90
programming entry code .........89
Keys .......................................92–94
key in ignition chime ...............13
positions of the ignition ...........56
I
Ignition .................................56, 238
Infant seats
(see Safety seats) .....................119
Inspection/maintenance (I/M)
testing ........................................220
Instrument panel
cleaning ...................................230
cluster ..................................8, 231
lighting up panel and
interior .......................................19
location of components ..............8
J
Jack ............................................168
positioning ...............................168
L
Lamps
bulb replacement
specifications chart ................224
cargo lamps ...............................19
daytime running light ...............18
fog lamps ...................................18
headlamps .................................18
headlamps, flash to pass ..........19
instrument panel, dimming .....19
interior lamps ...................67, 225
replacing bulbs ...............220–224
Lane change indicator
(see Turn signal) ........................55
Lights, warning and indicator ......8
air bag ........................................10
anti-lock brakes (ABS) ....10, 133
anti-theft ...................................11
brake ..........................................10
charging system ........................11
check coolant ............................11
check engine ...............................8
cruise indicator .........................13
door ajar ....................................12
fuel cap light ...............................9
257
Index
high beam .................................11
overdrive off ..............................12
safety belt .................................10
speed control ............................60
turn signal indicator .................11
Load limits .................................148
GAWR ......................................148
GVWR ......................................148
trailer towing ..........................148
Loading instructions .................149
Locks
autolock .....................................91
childproof ..................................70
doors ..........................................69
Lubricant specifications ...235, 238
Lumbar support, seats ...............99
M
Manual transmission .................140
fluid capacities ........................233
lubricant specifications ..........238
reverse .....................................141
Mirrors
cleaning ...................................232
fold away ...................................71
side view mirrors (power) .......70
Moon roof ....................................64
Motorcraft parts ................215, 233
O
Octane rating ............................211
Odometer .....................................15
Oil (see Engine oil) ..................185
Overdrive .....................................62
258
P
Panic alarm feature, remote
entry system ................................86
Parking brake ............................133
Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ....233
Power distribution box (see
Fuses) ........................................165
Power door locks ........................69
Power steering ..........................134
fluid, checking and adding ....196
fluid, refill capacity ................233
fluid, specifications .........235, 238
Preparing to drive
your vehicle ...............................135
R
Radio ............................................27
Relays ........................................161
Remote entry system ...........84, 86
illuminated entry ......................88
locking/unlocking doors .....85, 88
panic alarm ...............................86
replacement/additional
transmitters ...............................87
replacing the batteries .............86
S
Safety belts (see Safety
restraints) ....................13, 102–106
Safety defects, reporting ..........253
Safety restraints ................102–106
belt minder .............................108
cleaning the
safety belts ......................111, 231
extension assembly ................107
Index
for adults .........................103–105
for children .....................117–118
lap belt ....................................107
warning light and
chime ...................10, 13, 107–108
Safety seats for children ..........119
Seat belts (see Safety
restraints) ..................................102
Seats
child safety seats ....................119
cleaning ...................................231
SecuriLock passive anti-theft
system ....................................92–94
Servicing your vehicle ..............182
Snowplowing .................................3
Spark plugs,
specifications .....................233, 238
Special notice ................................3
ambulance conversions ..............3
utility-type vehicles ....................3
Specification chart,
lubricants ...........................235, 238
Speed control ..............................56
Speedometer ...............................14
Starting your vehicle ........127, 129
jump starting ..........................174
Steering wheel
tilting .........................................61
T
Tachometer .................................16
Tailgate ........................................75
Tires ...........................168, 203–204
changing ..........................168, 171
checking the pressure ............204
replacing ..................................206
rotating ....................................205
snow tires and chains ............207
tire grades ...............................204
treadwear ................................203
Tonneau cover .............................80
Towing .......................................150
recreational towing .................156
trailer towing ..........................150
wrecker ....................................180
Traction-lok rear axle ...............135
Transfer case
fluid checking .........................199
Transmission
automatic operation ...............136
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) .............................196
fluid, refill capacities ..............233
lubricant specifications ..235, 238
manual operation ....................140
Trip odometer .............................15
Trunk ...........................................83
Turn signal ............................11, 55
V
Vehicle dimensions ...................238
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) ..........................................240
Vehicle loading ..........................148
Ventilating your vehicle ...........131
259
Index
W
Warning chimes ...........................13
Warning lights (see Lights) .........8
Washer fluid ..............................190
Water, Driving through .............150
Windows
power .........................................68
260
power down back window .......24
Windshield washer fluid and
wipers
checking and adding fluid .....190
checking and cleaning ............202
operation ...................................61
replacing wiper blades ...........202
Wrecker towing .........................180
261
262
263
Filling station information
Item
Information
Required fuel
Unleaded fuel only - 87 octane
Fuel tank capacity
77.6L (20.5 gallons)
Engine oil capacity (includes filter 4.7L (5.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft
change)
SAE 5W-30 Super Premium Motor
Oil, Ford specification
WSS-M2C153-G.
Tire size and pressure
Refer to the Certification Label on
inside of driver’s door.
Hood release
Pull handle under the instrument
panel.
1
13.2L (14.0 quarts)
Coolant capacity
Power steering fluid capacity
Fill to line on reservoir. Use
Motorcraft MERCONt ATF.
9.5L (10.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft
Automatic transmission fluid
MERCONt V ATF.
capacity (4x2)2
Automatic transmission fluid
9.8L (10.3 quarts). Use Motorcraft
capacity (4x4)2
MERCONt V ATF.
1
Use either green-colored Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant or
yellow-colored Motorcraft Premium Gold Engine Coolant. DO NOT USE
Ford Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding
engine coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
2
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. MERCONt and MERCONt V are not interchangeable. DO NOT
mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Refer to your scheduled maintenance
guide to determine the correct service interval.
264
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising