Ironworker (Structural/ Ornamental) 2015

Ironworker (Structural/ Ornamental) 2015
National Occupational Analysis
Ironworker
(Structural/
Ornamental)
2015
Occupational
Analyses Series
Ironworker
(Structural/Ornamental)
2015
Trades and Apprenticeship Division
Division des métiers et de l’apprentissage
Workplace Partnerships Directorate
Direction des partenariats en milieu de
travail
National Occupational Classification:
7264
Disponible en français sous le titre :
Monteur/monteuse de charpentes en acier
(structural/ornemental)
You can download this publication by going online: publicentre.esdc.gc.ca This document is
available on demand in multiple formats by contacting 1 800 O-Canada (1-800-622-6232),
teletypewriter (TTY), 1-800-926-9105.
© Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, 2015XX
droitdauteur.copyright@HRSDC-RHDCC.gc.ca
PDF
Cat. No.: Em15-1/18-2015E-PDFEm15-X/XX-20XXX-PDF
ISBN: 978-0-660-02906-1XXX-X-XXX-XXXXX-X
ESDC
Cat. No. : LM-566-07-15LM-XXX-XX-XXE
Formatted: Font: Palatino Linotype
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_________________________________________________________________
You can download this publication and find more information on Red Seal trades by going
online: http://www.red-seal.ca
FOREWORD
The Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship (CCDA) recognizes this National
Occupational Analysis as the national standard for the occupation of ironworker
(structural/ornamental).
Background
The first National Conference on Apprenticeship in Trades and Industries, held in Ottawa in
1952, recommended that the federal government be requested to cooperate with provincial and
territorial apprenticeship committees and officials in preparing analyses of a number of skilled
occupations. To this end, Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) sponsors a
program, under the guidance of the CCDA, to develop a series of National Occupational
Analyses (NOAs).
The NOAs have the following objectives:
•
to describe and group the tasks performed by skilled workers;
•
to identify which tasks are performed in every province and territory;
•
to develop instruments for use in the preparation of Interprovincial Red Seal
Examinations and curricula for training leading to the certification of skilled workers;
•
to facilitate the mobility of apprentices and skilled workers in Canada; and,
•
to supply employers, employees, associations, industries, training institutions and
governments with analyses of occupations.
-I-
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The CCDA and ESDC wish to express sincere appreciation for the contribution of the many
tradespersons, industrial establishments, professional associations, labour organizations,
provincial and territorial government departments and agencies, and all others who contributed
to this publication.
Special acknowledgement is extended by ESDC and the CCDA to the representatives from the
trade across Canada who contributed to the development of this document.
This 2015 edition of the NOA was reviewed, updated and validated by industry representatives
from across Canada to ensure that it continues to represent the skills and knowledge required in
this trade. The coordinating, facilitating and processing of this analysis were undertaken by
employees of the NOA development team of the Trades and Apprenticeship Division of ESDC.
The host jurisdiction of Alberta also participated in the development of this NOA.
Comments or questions about National Occupational Analyses may be forwarded to:
Trades and Apprenticeship Division
Labour Market Integration Directorate
Employment and Social Development Canada
140 Promenade du Portage, Phase IV, 5th Floor
Gatineau, Quebec K1A 0J9
Email: redseal-sceaurouge@hrsdc-rhdcc.gc.ca
- II -
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD
I
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
II
TABLE OF CONTENTS
III
STRUCTURE OF ANALYSIS
V
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF ANALYSIS
VII
ANALYSIS
SAFETY
3
SCOPE OF THE IRONWORKER (STRUCTURAL/ORNAMENTAL) TRADE
4
OCCUPATIONAL OBSERVATIONS
6
BLOCK A
BLOCK B
BLOCK C
OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS
Task 1
Interprets occupational documentation.
7
Task 2
Communicates in the workplace.
9
Task 3
Uses and maintains tools and equipment.
11
Task 4
Organizes work.
17
RIGGING AND HOISTING
Task 5
Selects rigging equipment.
20
Task 6
Uses hoisting and lifting equipment.
22
Task 7
Assembles and erects cranes.
24
Task 8
Disassembles cranes.
27
CRANES
- III -
BLOCK D
BLOCK E
ERECTION, ASSEMBLY AND INSTALLATION
Task 9
Installs primary and secondary structural
members.
29
Task 10
Installs ornamental components and systems.
32
Task 11
Installs conveyors, machinery and equipment.
34
MAINTENANCE AND UPGRADING
Task 12
Repairs components.
36
Task 13
Decommissions, disassembles and removes
structural, mechanical and miscellaneous
components.
39
APPENDICES
APPENDIX A
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
43
APPENDIX B
GLOSSARY
47
APPENDIX C
ACRONYMS
48
APPENDIX D
BLOCK AND TASK WEIGHTING
49
APPENDIX E
PIE CHART
52
APPENDIX F
TASK PROFILE CHART
53
- IV -
STRUCTURE OF ANALYSIS
To facilitate understanding of the occupation, the work performed by tradespersons is divided
into the following categories:
Blocks
the largest division within the analysis that is comprised of a distinct
set of trade activities
Tasks
distinct actions that describe the activities within a block
Sub-Tasks
distinct actions that describe the activities within a task
Supporting
Knowledge and
Abilities
the elements of skill and knowledge that an individual must acquire to
adequately perform the sub-task
The analysis also provides the following information:
Trends
changes identified that impact or will impact the trade including
work practices, technological advances, and new materials and
equipment
Related
Components
a list of products, items, materials and other elements relevant to the
block
Tools and
Equipment
categories of tools and equipment used to perform all tasks in the
block; these tools and equipment are listed in Appendix A
-V-
The appendices located at the end of the analysis are described as follows:
Appendix A —
Tools and
Equipment
a non-exhaustive list of tools and equipment used in this trade
Appendix B —
Glossary
definitions or explanations of selected technical terms used in the
analysis
Appendix C —
Acronyms
a list of acronyms used in the analysis with their full name
Appendix D —
Block and Task
Weighting
the block and task percentages submitted by each jurisdiction, and the
national averages of these percentages; these national averages
determine the number of questions for each block and task in the
Interprovincial exam
Appendix E —
Pie Chart
a graph which depicts the national percentages of exam questions
assigned to blocks
Appendix F —
Task Profile
Chart
a chart which outlines graphically the blocks, tasks and sub-tasks of
this analysis
- VI -
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF ANALYSIS
Development of Analysis
A draft analysis is developed by a committee of industry experts in the field led by a team of
facilitators from ESDC. This draft analysis breaks down all the tasks performed in the
occupation and describes the knowledge and abilities required for a tradesperson to
demonstrate competence in the trade.
Draft Review
The NOA development team then forwards a copy of the analysis and its translation to
provincial and territorial authorities for a review of its content and structure. Their
recommendations are assessed and incorporated into the analysis.
Validation and Weighting
The analysis is sent to all provinces and territories for validation and weighting. Participating
jurisdictions consult with industry to validate and weight the document, examining the blocks,
tasks and sub-tasks of the analysis as follows:
BLOCKS
Each jurisdiction assigns a percentage of questions to each block for an
examination that would cover the entire trade.
TASKS
Each jurisdiction assigns a percentage of exam questions to each task within
a block.
SUB-TASKS
Each jurisdiction indicates, with a YES or NO, whether or not each sub-task
is performed by skilled workers within the occupation in its jurisdiction.
The results of this exercise are submitted to the NOA development team who then analyzes the
data and incorporates it into the document. The NOA provides the individual jurisdictional
validation results as well as the national averages of all responses. The national averages for
block and task weighting guide the Interprovincial Red Seal Examination plan for the trade.
This method for the validation of the NOA also identifies common core sub-tasks across
Canada for the occupation. If at least 70% of the responding jurisdictions perform a sub-task, it
shall be considered common core. Interprovincial Red Seal Examinations are based on the
common core sub-tasks identified through this validation process.
- VII -
Definitions for Validation and Weighting
YES
sub-task performed by qualified workers in the occupation in a specific
jurisdiction
NO
sub-task not performed by qualified workers in the occupation in a
specific jurisdiction
NV
analysis Not Validated by a province/territory
ND
trade Not Designated in a province/territory
NOT
COMMON
CORE (NCC)
sub-task, task or block performed by less than 70% of responding
jurisdictions; these will not be tested by the Interprovincial Red Seal
Examination for the trade
NATIONAL
AVERAGES %
average percentage of questions assigned to each block and task in
Interprovincial Red Seal Examination for the trade
Provincial/Territorial Abbreviations
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Prince Edward Island
New Brunswick
Quebec
Ontario
Manitoba
Saskatchewan
Alberta
British Columbia
Northwest Territories
Yukon Territory
Nunavut
- VIII -
ANALYSIS
SAFETY
Safe working procedures and conditions, accident prevention and the preservation of health are
of primary importance to industry in Canada. These responsibilities are shared and require the
joint efforts of government, employers and employees. It is imperative that all parties are aware
of circumstances and conditions that may lead to injury or harm. Safe learning experiences and
environments can be created by controlling the variables and behaviours that may contribute to
accidents or injury.
It is generally recognized that a safety-conscious attitude and work practices contribute to a
healthy, safe and accident-free working environment.
It is imperative to apply and be familiar with the Occupational Health and Safety Acts and
Workplace Hazardous Material Information System (WHMIS) Regulations. As well, it is
essential to determine workplace hazards and take measures to protect oneself, co-workers, the
public and the environment.
As safety education is an integral part of training in all jurisdictions, personal safety practices
are not recorded in this document. However, the technical safety aspect relating to each task
and sub-task are included throughout this analysis.
-3-
SCOPE OF THE IRONWORKER
(STRUCTURAL/ORNAMENTAL) TRADE
“Ironworker (Structural/Ornamental)” is this trade’s official Red Seal occupational title
approved by the CCDA. This analysis covers tasks performed by an ironworker
(structural/ornamental) whose occupational title has been identified by some provinces and
territories of Canada under the following names:
NL NS
Ironworker
(Structural/Ornamental)


PE
NB QC ON MB SK

Ironworker - Structural
and Ornamental
AB
BC NT


YT NU

Ironworker Structural

Ironworkers (structural/ornamental) install and reinforce structural/ornamental steel
components, precast structural concrete members and glued laminated timber products
(glulam) in commercial, industrial, institutional and large residential buildings, towers, bridges
and stadiums. They erect pre-engineered buildings, wind turbines, solar panels and ornamental
ironwork such as curtain walls, metal stairways, catwalks, railings and metal doors. They also
erect scaffolding, cranes, hoists and derricks on the construction site. Ironworkers
(structural/ornamental) also install conveyors, machinery and automated material handling
systems. They are also involved in demolition and salvage duties involving all types of
construction.
They prepare the construction site by assembling the hoisting equipment. They unload
structural and ornamental components and organize the material for hoisting as needed. They
organize and sequence the hoisting of the components by connecting cables and slings to the
components and directing crane operators. They position, align and secure components
according to blueprints using a variety of fastening methods.
Ironworkers (structural/ornamental) generally work outside in all weather, although some
work indoors in manufacturing plants. They generally travel to and from the work site which
may be in a variety of locations ranging from remote areas where they could be working on
dams, bridges or mining projects to urban environments where they could work on high rise
buildings or stadiums. The work often requires considerable standing, bending, crawling,
lifting, climbing, pulling and reaching, and is often conducted in cramped, confined spaces or at
heights. Hazards include injury from falls or falling objects. Ironworkers
(structural/ornamental) typically work a 40-hour week; however, inclement weather such as
rain, snow or high winds may shut down projects for extended periods and deadlines and
priorities may involve overtime.
-4-
They are required to have good mechanical aptitude, the ability to lift heavy objects, the ability
to maintain balance working at heights in varying extreme climates, a thorough knowledge of
the principles of lifting, rigging and hoisting, and a familiarity with a variety of metal fastening
and joining methods. They are all required to be competent in the use and care of a variety of
hand and power tools and equipment such as wrenches, pry bars, torches, levelling and
welding equipment. They also use crane charts and must be able to estimate and reconcile crane
ability with load sizes.
Because of the nature of the work, a primary concern of ironworkers (structural/ornamental) is
workplace safety; therefore ironworkers (structural/ornamental) must be thoroughly familiar
with the applicable sections of local, provincial and federal building and safety standards.
Ironworkers (structural/ornamental) tend to work in teams and team coordination is a large
component of the occupation especially when hoisting and placing large, heavy components
high above the ground.
Ironworkers (structural/ornamental) interact and work cooperatively with a wide variety of
construction tradespeople such as ironworkers (reinforcing), crane operators, welders,
carpenters, metal fabricators, millwrights, labourers and glaziers.
-5-
OCCUPATIONAL OBSERVATIONS
Technology continues to contribute to many changes in equipment design and construction
materials. These innovations require constantly changing methods and techniques governed by
appropriate attitudes towards the current high standards for fabrication, erection and
installation of structural and ornamental components. Maintaining updated knowledge of these
changes presents a daily challenge to the people of this trade.
The work of an ironworker (structural/ornamental), by its nature, possesses inherent hazards.
Safe work procedures, best practices and job hazard analysis assist in controlling or eliminating
hazards. However, errors in judgment or in practical application of trade knowledge can be
costly, both in terms of injury to workers and damage to equipment or materials. Workers must
maintain constant attention to the application of safety and accident prevention at all times.
Equipment such as fall protection equipment, aerial work platforms, breathing apparatus and
fume extraction equipment have become an integral part of all worksites and places of
employment.
Ironworkers (Structural/Ornamental) are increasingly being called on to document and
maintain records due to more stringent laws and regulations. The end products in industrial
and other applications must be appropriately installed, inspected and documented. This places
more responsibility on supervisors, quality control personnel and the individuals who perform
the installation and assembly of components. The tremendous variety in equipment and
methods means that the ironworker (structural/ornamental) must be more knowledgeable and
adaptable than ever before.
-6-
BLOCK A
OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS
There is greater emphasis on training and retraining of ironworkers
(structural/ornamental). There is also a greater awareness of safety and
safer working conditions and an increased emphasis on job coordination
and scheduling. Also, there have been significant changes in the
engineering and technology of ironworker (structural/ornamental) tools
and equipment such as laser levels and electronic measuring
instruments. Aerial work platforms and specialty access equipment
technology is constantly improving and are widely used.
Trends
Task 1
Interprets occupational documentation.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Drawings (structural, architectural, mechanical, engineering, detail and
layout), codes (American National Standards Institute [ANSI], Canadian
Standards Association [CSA], American Standard for Testing Materials
[ASTM], and Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System
[WHMIS]), specifications, shipping documentation, manufacturers’
manuals and occupational health and safety (OH&S) legislation.
Tools and
Equipment
Architectural scales, calculator, measuring tape.
Sub-task
A-1.01
Interprets drawings and specifications.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-1.01.01
knowledge of types of drawings such as structural erection, architectural,
precast shop and fabrication
A-1.01.02
knowledge of welding symbols
A-1.01.03
knowledge of abbreviations and technical vocabulary
A-1.01.04
knowledge of drafting techniques
A-1.01.05
ability to interpret drawing symbols
-7-
A-1.01.06
ability to correlate types of drawings such as structural drawings,
architectural drawings, engineering drawings, detail drawings and erection
drawings
A-1.01.07
ability to distinguish types of views
A-1.01.08
ability to relate drawings to worksite
Sub-task
A-1.02
Interprets standards, regulations and procedures.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-1.02.01
knowledge of standards such as CSA, ANSI and ASTM
A-1.02.02
knowledge of regulations such as OH&S Act, WHMIS, fall protection, mobile
equipment and confined space
A-1.02.03
knowledge of the location of standards, regulations and procedures
A-1.02.04
ability to apply procedures such as assembly, welding, placing, hoisting,
tensioning and grouting
A-1.02.05
ability to apply written work procedures
-8-
Task 2
Communicates in the workplace.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Manufacturers’ documentation, manuals, record books.
Tools and
Equipment
Communication devices (fax, cellular phone, telephone, photocopier,
computer, cameras, headsets, two-way radios, printers), flags, signage.
Sub-task
A-2.01
Communicates with co-workers.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-2.01.01
knowledge of types of communication
A-2.01.02
knowledge of interpersonal communication techniques
A-2.01.03
knowledge of trade vocabulary
A.2.01.04
knowledge of barriers to communication
A.2.01.05
ability to write clearly and concisely
A.2.01.06
ability to actively listen
A.2.01.07
ability to check to confirm understanding
Sub-task
A-2.02
Communicates with others.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-2.02.01
knowledge of job-related terminology
A-2.02.02
knowledge of report formats
A-2.02.03
ability to actively listen
-9-
A-2.02.04
ability to translate technical terms into layperson language
A-2.02.05
ability to address others’ concerns
A-2.02.06
ability to write reports in prescribed formats
A-2.02.07
ability to check to confirm understanding
Sub-task
A-2.03
Communicates with apprentices.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-2.03.01
knowledge of capability of apprentice
A-2.03.02
ability to listen, teach, coach and mentor
A-2.03.03
ability to supervise
A-2.03.04
ability to assess and record ongoing progress
Sub-task
A-2.04
Uses hand signals.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-2.04.01
knowledge of types of signals such as crane signals
A-2.04.02
knowledge of hand signals
A-2.04.03
knowledge of signal terminology
A-2.04.04
ability to select types of signals
A-2.04.05
ability to interpret signals
A-2.04.06
ability to select signals for type of equipment
- 10 -
Sub-task
A-2.05
Communicates electronically.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-2.05.01
knowledge of types of electronic communication devices such as
cellular/smart phones, two-way radios, lap-top computers and tablets
A-2.05.02
knowledge of communication protocols and company reporting policies
A-2.05.03
ability to operate electronic communication devices
A-2.05.04
ability to send, receive and retrieve information from computers
A-2.05.05
ability to communicate through two-way radios and cellular phones
Task 3
Uses and maintains tools and equipment.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Manufacturers’ manuals, cleaning supplies, lubricating supplies.
Tools and
Equipment
See Appendix A.
Sub-task
Uses hand tools and measuring equipment.
A-3.01
NL
yes
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-3.01.01
knowledge of types and uses of hand tools
A-3.01.02
knowledge of hand tool safety
A-3.01.03
knowledge of manufacturers’ specifications on the use and care of hand tools
A.3.01.04
knowledge of types of measuring equipment
- 11 -
A.3.01.05
ability to select hand tools required for a task
A.3.01.06
ability to identify damaged, worn or otherwise unsafe hand tools
A.3.01.07
ability to clean and store hand tools
A.3.01.08
ability to maintain hand tools
Sub-task
A-3.02
Uses power tools.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-3.02.01
knowledge of types and uses of power tools such as pneumatic, electric, gas
powered and hydraulic
A-3.02.02
knowledge of power tool components
A-3.02.03
knowledge of operating procedures for power tools
A-3.02.04
knowledge of power tool safety
A-3.02.05
knowledge of manufacturers’ recommended uses, limitations and
maintenance of power tools
A-3.02.06
ability to select power tools required for a task
A-3.02.07
ability to identify damaged, worn or otherwise unsafe power tools
A-3.02.08
ability to clean and store power tools
A-3.02.09
ability to maintain power tools
Sub-task
A-3.03
Uses powder-actuated tools.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
no
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-3.03.01
knowledge of types and uses of powder-actuated tools
A-3.03.02
knowledge of powder-actuated tool components
A-3.03.03
knowledge of operating procedures for powder-actuated tools
A-3.03.04
knowledge of powder-actuated tool safety
- 12 -
A-3.03.05
knowledge of manufacturers’ recommended uses and limitations
A-3.03.06
knowledge of powder-actuated tool regulations and certification
requirements.
A-3.03.07
ability to select powder-actuated charges and fasteners required for a task
A-3.03.08
ability to identify damaged, worn or otherwise unsafe powder-actuated tools
A-3.03.09
ability to clean and lubricate powder-actuated tools
A-3.03.10
ability to store powder-actuated tools
Sub-task
A-3.04
Uses aerial work platforms.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-3.04.01
knowledge of types and uses of aerial work platforms
A-3.04.02
knowledge of aerial work platform safety
A-3.04.03
knowledge of aerial work platform regulations and certification
requirements
A-3.04.04
knowledge of aerial work platform components and accessories
A-3.04.05
knowledge of operating procedures of aerial work platforms
A-3.04.06
knowledge of manufacturers’ specifications for use of aerial work platforms
A-3.04.07
ability to identify damaged, worn or otherwise unsafe aerial work platforms
and equipment
A-3.04.08
ability to position aerial work platforms
A-3.04.09
ability to store aerial work platforms
- 13 -
Sub-task
A-3.05
Uses ladders.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-3.05.01
knowledge of types and uses of ladders
A-3.05.02
knowledge of safe operating procedures for ladders
A-3.05.03
knowledge of manufacturers’ specifications for use and care of ladders
A-3.05.04
ability to position ladders
A-3.05.05
ability to secure ladders
A-3.05.06
ability to dismantle and store ladders
A-3.05.07
ability to identify worn, damaged or otherwise unsafe ladders
Sub-task
A-3.06
Uses scaffolding.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-3.06.01
knowledge of regulations pertaining to scaffolding
A-3.06.02
knowledge of types of scaffolding
A-3.06.03
knowledge of installation and dismantling procedures
A-3.06.04
knowledge of manufacturers’ recommended uses and limitations of
scaffolding
A-3.06.05
ability to position, level and erect scaffolding and install planking, guardrails
and toe plates
A-3.06.06
ability to secure scaffolding, planking, guardrails, toe plates and related
components
A-3.06.07
ability to dismantle and store scaffolding
A-3.06.08
ability to identify damaged, worn or otherwise unsafe scaffolding and
planking
- 14 -
Sub-task
A-3.07
Uses personal protective equipment (PPE).
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-3.07.01
knowledge of types and uses of PPE such as hard hats, safety glasses, hearing
protection, high-visibility clothing, welding PPE, safety footwear and fall
protection equipment
A-3.07.02
knowledge of PPE safety
A-3.07.03
knowledge of manufacturers’ recommended uses, limitations and
maintenance of PPE
A-3.07.04
knowledge of workplace rules and regulations
A-3.07.05
ability to select PPE for conditions encountered
A-3.07.06
ability to use fall protection equipment such as harnesses and safety lines
A-3.07.07
ability to identify damaged, worn or otherwise unsafe PPE
A-3.07.08
ability to store PPE
A-3.07.09
ability to access PPE information such as MSDS
Sub-task
A-3.08
Uses surveying equipment.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-3.08.01
knowledge of types of layout instruments such as theodolite, transit, scales,
laser level, total station and builder’s level
A-3.08.02
knowledge of measurement techniques
A-3.08.03
knowledge of blueprint interpretation
A-3.08.04
knowledge of marking techniques
A-3.08.05
ability to select equipment for a task
A-3.08.06
ability to calculate angles and distances
A-3.08.07
ability to transfer blueprint information to site
- 15 -
A-3.08.08
ability to set up and check calibration equipment
A-3.08.09
ability to store surveying equipment
Sub-task
A-3.09
Uses welding equipment.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-3.09.01
knowledge of provincial/territorial and applicable welding regulations
A-3.09.02
knowledge of Canadian Welding Bureau (CWB) and (CSA) standards
A-3.09.03
knowledge of welding processes and procedures
A-3.09.04
knowledge of welding symbols
A-3.09.05
knowledge of welding hazards
A-3.09.06
knowledge of welding equipment
A-3.09.07
knowledge of welding consumables
A-3.09.08
knowledge of welding defects
A-3.09.09
ability to set up welding equipment
A-3.09.10
ability to perform welding processes
A-3.09.11
ability to adjust welding parameters to suit site conditions
A-3.09.12
ability to identify damaged, worn or otherwise unsafe welding equipment
A-3.09.13
ability to store welding equipment
Sub-task
A-3.10
Uses thermal and oxy-fuel cutting equipment.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-3.10.01
knowledge of cutting processes
A-3.10.02
knowledge of cutting equipment
A-3.10.03
knowledge of cutting consumables
- 16 -
A-3.10.04
ability to set up equipment
A-3.10.05
ability to inspect equipment
A-3.10.06
ability to adjust cutting parameters
A-3.10.07
ability to recognize cutting hazards
A-3.10.08
ability to identify damaged, worn or otherwise unsafe cutting equipment
A-3.10.09
ability to store cutting equipment and consumables
Task 4
Organizes work.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Company standards, safety manuals, company policies, procedures and
regulations, schedules/calendars, drawings, specifications.
Tools and
Equipment
See Appendix A.
Sub-task
A-4.01
Organizes materials and supplies.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-4.01.01
knowledge of erection sequence
A-4.01.02
knowledge of equipment capabilities and limitations
A-4.01.03
knowledge of site preparation
A-4.01.04
knowledge of shipping documentation
A-4.01.05
knowledge of product specific storage and handling principles
A-4.01.06
knowledge of types of materials and their identification requirements
A-4.01.07
ability to schedule material and supplies required for job
A-4.01.08
ability to unload equipment
A-4.01.09
ability to place and sort materials and supplies
- 17 -
A-4.01.10
ability to reconcile load with shipping documents
A-4.01.11
ability to secure equipment and materials
Sub-task
A-4.02
Marks layouts.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-4.02.01
knowledge of drawings
A-4.02.02
ability to interpret drawings
A-4.02.03
ability to use measuring devices and layout tools
A-4.02.04
ability to apply marking and layout techniques
A-4.02.05
ability to visualize finished product
A-4.02.06
ability to transfer drawing information to accommodate site conditions
Sub-task
A-4.03
Maintains safe work environment.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-4.03.01
knowledge of safety regulations
A-4.03.02
knowledge of building codes
A-4.03.03
knowledge of applications of safety equipment
A-4.03.04
knowledge of safe work practices and limitations
A-4.03.05
ability to apply safety standards applicable to workplace
A-4.03.06
ability to install safety equipment such as guard rails, static lines, lifelines,
screens, temporary flooring, warning signs and barriers
A-4.03.07
ability to maintain good housekeeping
- 18 -
Sub-task
A-4.04
Assesses site hazards.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-4.04.01
knowledge of policies and procedures
A-4.04.02
knowledge of codes and regulations
A-4.04.03
ability to recognize hazards such as floor openings, leading edges,
obstructions, temporary supports, dowels and chemical/corrosive/UV
environments
A-4.04.04
ability to control hazards
A-4.04.05
ability to perform and document a job hazard analysis (JHA) or a task hazard
analysis (THA)
Sub-task
A-4.05
Plans work tasks.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
A-4.05.01
knowledge of procedures, specifications and drawings
A-4.05.02
ability to interpret specifications and drawings
A-4.05.03
ability to improvise to suit site conditions
A-4.05.04
ability to maintain schedule
A-4.05.05
ability to select materials and supplies required for task
A-4.05.06
ability to select equipment and tools required for task
- 19 -
BLOCK B
RIGGING AND HOISTING
Trends
The occupation has seen an increase in the development and
deployment of new technologies such as specialty rigging and the use of
synthetic materials. The occupation has seen the increased presence of
comprehensive regulations, especially in regard to the use of heavy
mobile equipment.
Task 5
Selects rigging equipment.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Charts, working load limits, safety factors, rigging capacities.
Tools and
Equipment
See Appendix A
Sub-task
B-5.01
Matches load to lift capability.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
B-5.01.01
knowledge of types of lifting equipment
B-5.01.02
knowledge of the capacity of lifting equipment
B-5.01.03
knowledge of basic geometry
B-5.01.04
knowledge of weights and measures
B-5.01.05
ability to calculate weights of loads
B-5.01.06
ability to select rigging equipment
B-5.01.07
ability to calculate choker tension based on choker angle and load
- 20 -
Sub-task
B-5.02
Inspects rigging equipment.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
B-5.02.01
knowledge of types of rigging equipment
B-5.02.02
knowledge of manufacturers’ specifications
B-5.02.03
knowledge of policies and procedures
B-5.02.04
knowledge of tools and materials
B-5.02.05
ability to identify defects and damage
B-5.02.06
ability to report defects and damage
Sub-task
B-5.03
Maintains rigging equipment.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
B-5.03.01
knowledge of types of rigging equipment
B-5.03.02
knowledge of manufacturers’ specifications
B-5.03.03
knowledge of policies and procedures
B-5.03.04
knowledge of tools and materials
B-5.03.05
ability to perform maintenance procedures
B-5.03.06
ability to store rigging equipment
- 21 -
Task 6
Uses hoisting and lifting equipment.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Load charts, lift diagrams, working load limits, safety factors, fabricated
members and construction materials.
Tools and
Equipment
Hooks, clips, headache ball, wire rope, Tirfor® (cable puller), comealong, fibre rope, blocks, tugger, tag lines, wedge socket (beckett),
hydraulic jacks, chain fall, telehandler, derricks, mobile equipment,
cranes.
Also see Appendix A.
Sub-task
B-6.01
Uses hoisting equipment.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
B-6.01.01
knowledge of provincial/territorial and applicable regulations and
certification requirements
B-6.01.02
knowledge of types of hoisting equipment such as come-alongs, Tirfors®,
chain block hoists, tuggers and derricks
B-6.01.03
knowledge of anchorage locations and capabilities
B-6.01.04
knowledge of policies and procedures
B-6.01.05
ability to select hoisting equipment
B-6.01.06
ability to select anchorage locations
B-6.01.07
ability to follow manufacturers’ specifications
C-6.01.08
ability to participate in engineered (critical) lifts
- 22 -
Sub-task
B-6.02
Uses lifting equipment.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
B-6.02.01
knowledge of types of lifting equipment such as hydraulic jacks, fork lifts
and air pallets
B-6.02.02
knowledge of policies and procedures
B-6.02.03
ability to select lifting equipment
B-6.02.04
ability to follow manufacturers’ specifications and recommendations
Sub-task
B-6.03
Attaches rigging to load.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
B-6.03.01
knowledge of hoisting procedures such as engineer’s plan, multi-member
and tandem lift
B-6.03.02
knowledge of placement and attachment location
B-6.03.03
knowledge of hoisting specifications
B-6.03.04
ability to follow lifting procedures
B-6.03.05
ability to use and tie knots, bends and hitches
B-6.03.06
ability to follow rigging procedures
B-6.03.07
ability to use rigging equipment
- 23 -
BLOCK C
CRANES
Trends
Modern cranes have greater lifting capacity and are more precise in the
positioning of their loads, often within millimetres of specifications. The
erection of cranes has also become more automatic, with modern cranes
greatly assisting in their own assembly.
Task 7
Assembles and erects cranes.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Mats, pads, dunnage, boom sections and jib, counterweight, pins and
cotter pins, bolts, blocks and sheaves, headache ball, clips, hook, antitwo block, wedge socket, mast, outriggers, gantry, cable components
(pendant lines, jib lines, guy lines, load lines).
Tools and
Equipment
Types of cranes (assist cranes, rough terrain cranes, all terrain, crawler,
hydraulic, tower, boom, electric overhead travelling [EOT], heavy lift,
gantries, knuckle boom) and specialty heavy lift components.
Also see Appendix A.
Sub-task
C-7.01
Assesses crane site limitations.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
C-7.01.01
knowledge of types of hazards such as overhead power lines, underground
services, ground conditions, other workers and obstructions to swing radius
C-7.01.02
knowledge of swing area (radius) of crane
C-7.01.03
knowledge of crane limitations due to inclement weather
C-7.01.04
ability to calculate crane radius
C-7.01.05
ability to identify potential hazards
C-7.01.06
ability to read load charts
C-7.01.07
ability to minimize overhead dangers
- 24 -
Sub-task
C-7.02
Determines crane position.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
C-7.02.01
knowledge of crane types
C-7.02.02
knowledge of crane capacity
C-7.02.03
knowledge of crane radius
C-7.02.04
knowledge of maximum weight of lifts
C-7.02.05
knowledge of crane limitations due to inclement weather
C-7.02.06
ability to determine weights of components
C-7.02.07
ability to calculate the available headroom
C-7.02.08
ability to select crane for required task
Sub-task
C-7.03
Prepares bases.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
C-7.03.01
knowledge of gross weight of crane
C-7.03.02
knowledge of composition of base such as soil, concrete and steel
C-7.03.03
knowledge of types of pads
C-7.03.04
ability to select pads such as mats, dunnage and cribbing
C-7.03.05
ability to visually assess ground conditions
C-7.03.06
ability to ensure ground is stable and level
C-7.03.07
ability to install falsework
- 25 -
Sub-task
C-7.04
Erects cranes and components.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
C-7.04.01
knowledge of sequence of assembly
C-7.04.02
knowledge of crane components such as boom sections, counterweights and
jibs
C-7.04.03
knowledge of crane signals
C-7.04.04
knowledge of tools used in erection of cranes
C-7.04.05
knowledge of safe rigging practices
C-7.04.06
ability to ensure adequate space for assembly
C-7.04.07
ability to install components
C-7.04.08
ability to reeve/lace blocks
C-7.04.09
ability to participate in engineered (critical) lifts
- 26 -
Task 8
Disassembles cranes.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Mats, pads, dunnage, boom sections and jib, counterweight, pins and
cotter pins, bolts, blocks and sheaves, headache ball, clips, hook, antitwo block, wedge socket, mast, outriggers, gantry, cable components
(pendant lines, jib lines, guy lines, load lines).
Tools and
Equipment
Types of cranes (assist cranes, rough terrain cranes, all terrain, crawler,
hydraulic, tower, boom, EOT, heavy lift, gantries, knuckle boom) and
specialty heavy lift components.
Also see Appendix A.
Sub-task
C-8.01
Disassembles crane components.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
C-8.01.01
knowledge of method of disassembly
C-8.01.02
knowledge of sequence of disassembly
C-8.01.03
knowledge of equipment and tools required for task
C-8.01.04
knowledge of rigging
C-8.01.05
ability to recognize hazards of disassembly such as tensioned pins and
overloads
C-8.01.06
ability to disconnect components
C-8.01.07
ability to rig crane components
C-8.01.08
ability to block boom sections
- 27 -
Sub-task
C-8.02
Prepares crane for transport.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
C-8.02.01
knowledge of safe rigging practices
C-8.02.02
ability to select type of rigging
C-8.02.03
ability to place and secure components on transportation deck
- 28 -
BLOCK D
ERECTION, ASSEMBLY AND INSTALLATION
Trends
The occupation has seen steady advancements in the development of
safer work environments. Pre-assembled, modular and composite
components are becoming common in the occupation. Hi-tech machine
movers with greater precision are also a factor in the changes taking
place within the occupation.
Task 9
Installs primary and secondary structural members.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Steel members (I and H beams, angles, channels, trusses, tees, columns,
girts, joists, Hollow Structural Sections [HSS] tubing, decking [Q]),
precast members (panels, beams, columns, single tees , twin tees,
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
[AASHTO] beams and joists), glue-lam beams, composite members,
seismic reinforcement supports, corrugated metal decking.
Tools and
Equipment
Cables, connectors, sledge hammer, turnbuckles, wire rope, surveying
instruments, impact gun, pins (drift, bull), welding machine, clip
wrench, rigging hardware, spud wrench, sleever bars, torch, cable clips,
plumb bob, come-along, reamer, wedges and jacks, chain fall, clamps,
scaffolding, thimble.
Sub-task
D-9.01
Erects falsework.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
D-9.01.01
knowledge of types and applications of falsework
D-9.01.02
knowledge of supports and bracing
D-9.01.03
knowledge of capacity and limitations of falsework
D-9.01.04
ability to determine need for falsework
D-9.01.05
ability to determine location of falsework
- 29 -
D-9.01.06
ability to lay out and construct falsework
D-9.01.07
ability to place and secure falsework
Sub-task
D-9.02
Attaches structural members.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
D-9.02.01
knowledge of types of structural members
D-9.02.02
knowledge of crane signals
D-9.02.03
knowledge of types of bolts and pins
D-9.02.04
knowledge of installation techniques and methods
D-9.02.05
knowledge of tools and equipment capabilities
D-9.02.06
ability to manoeuvre at heights
D-9.02.07
ability to fit, place and modify members
D-9.02.08
ability to determine minimum fastening requirements to secure the member
Sub-task
D-9.03
Levels, plumbs and aligns structural members.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
D-9.03.01
knowledge of plumbing and alignment equipment such as cables and
surveying equipment
D-9.03.02
knowledge of plumbing and aligning techniques and tolerances
D-9.03.03
knowledge of temporary bracing techniques
D-9.03.04
ability to attach tools and equipment such as cables, jacks and temporary
bracing
D-9.03.05
ability to set up and use surveying equipment such as levels, plumb bobs,
transits and laser levels
- 30 -
D-9.03.06
ability to determine direction of pull or push
D-9.03.07
ability to place shims to the desired elevation
Sub-task
D-9.04
Completes installation of structural members.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
D-9.04.01
knowledge of welding, fitting, tensioning and tightening procedures and
practices
D-9.04.02
knowledge of installation of fasteners
D-9.04.03
knowledge of specifications and tolerances such as for welding and torque
D-9.04.04
ability to tighten bolts
D-9.04.05
ability to align holes using equipment such as pins, bars and reamers
D-9.04.06
ability to fabricate connections in place
D-9.04.07
ability to select fasteners
D-9.04.08
ability to fit and weld members
- 31 -
Task 10
Installs ornamental components and systems.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Steel members (I and H beams, angles, channels, trusses, tees, columns,
girts, joists, HSS tubing, decking [Q]), precast members (panels, beams,
columns, single and double tee, joists), timber products, composite
members, curtain walls, masonry support lintels, seismic reinforcement
supports, stairs (structural and ornamental), hand rails, finishing
products, coverings.
Tools and
Equipment
Hand tools, cables, connectors, turnbuckles, wire rope, surveying
instruments, impact gun, pins (drift, bull), welding machine, clip
wrench, rigging hardware, spud wrench, sleever bars, torch, cable clips,
plumb bob, come-along, reamer, wedges and jacks, chain fall, clamps,
scaffolding, squares, ratchet set, level, tap and dies, grinder, rivet gun,
glass and power cups, caulking, sealant, shims.
Also see Appendix A.
Sub-task
D-10.01
Installs curtain walls and window walls.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
no
no
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
D-10.01.01
knowledge of types of curtain walls and window walls
D-10.01.02
knowledge of curtain wall and window wall installation procedures
D-10.01.03
knowledge of sealants
D-10.01.04
knowledge of layout procedures
D-10.01.05
knowledge of glazing techniques
D-10.01.06
ability to establish benchmarks and control lines
D-10.01.07
ability to apply sealants
D-10.01.08
ability to install as per specifications
- 32 -
Sub-task
D-10.02
Installs miscellaneous components.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
D-10.02.01
knowledge of types of miscellaneous components such as stairs, railings and
coverings
D-10.02.02
knowledge of miscellaneous component installation procedures
D-10.02.03
ability to determine installation sequence such as sub-assembly and order of
installation
D-10.02.04
ability to fit, weld and finish a variety of materials
D-10.02.05
ability to field-fabricate and modify components
D-10.02.06
ability to follow manufacturers’ specifications
D-10.02.07
ability to finish installation such as polishing and painting
- 33 -
Task 11
Installs conveyors, machinery and equipment.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Crushers, conveyors, ball mills, guards, rollers, hydraulic gantries,
jacking towers, multi-bearing rollers, belts, platework, bearings, pillow
block, trunions, hangers, rails, chains, floats, supports, headers, takeups, chutes, vessels, hoppers, tanks, bins, lubricants.
Tools and
Equipment
See Appendix A.
Sub-task
D-11.01
Installs material handling systems.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
D-11.01.01
knowledge of types of material handling systems and components
D-11.01.02
knowledge of material handling installation procedures
D-11.01.03
ability to assemble components
D-11.01.04
ability to sequence installation of various components such as supports,
headers and rails
D-11.01.05
ability to establish work points with surveying equipment
Sub-task
D-11.02
Aligns material handling systems.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
D-11.02.01
knowledge of specifications and tolerances
D-11.02.02
knowledge of methods of alignment
D-11.02.03
ability to determine tolerances from drawings to verify locations
D-11.02.04
ability to use precision tools and measuring instruments
- 34 -
D-11.02.05
ability to transfer benchmarks and control lines
D-11.02.06
ability to rig and jack components to specifications
D-11.02.07
ability to troubleshoot for defects and malfunctions
D-11.02.08
ability to secure components
Sub-task
D-11.03
Places machinery and equipment.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
D-11.03.01
knowledge of types of machinery and equipment
D-11.03.02
knowledge of machinery installation procedures
D-11.03.03
knowledge of specifications and tolerances
D-11.03.04
ability to determine weights of machines and components
D-11.03.05
ability to assemble components of machinery
D-11.03.06
ability to insert shims and use adjusting screws for setting and levelling
D-11.03.07
ability to assess best travel path
D-11.03.08
ability to transfer loads to various floats and rollers
D-11.03.09
ability to determine centre of gravity
D-11.03.10
ability to use precision instruments to set machines
- 35 -
BLOCK E
MAINTENANCE AND UPGRADING
Trends
The occupation has seen an increased awareness for the need to develop
and implement techniques for reuse and recycling of dismantled
structural, mechanical and miscellaneous components.
The occupation continues to promote safe working conditions by raising
the level of awareness of environmental hazards such as asbestos and
silica.
Task 12
Repairs components.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Structural, mechanical and finishing.
Tools and
Equipment
See Appendix A.
Sub-task
E-12.01
Assesses current condition of components.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
E-12.01.01
knowledge of manufacturers’ specifications
E-12.01.02
knowledge of policies and procedures
E-12.01.03
ability to confirm components meet specifications
E-12.01.04
ability to communicate observed defects
E-12.01.05
ability to use diagnostic tools such as calipers and torque wrenches
- 36 -
Sub-task
E-12.02
Field-fabricates components.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
E-12.02.01
knowledge of layout techniques
E-12.02.02
knowledge of manufacturers’ specifications
E-12.02.03
knowledge of policies and procedures
E-12.02.04
ability to fabricate and fit components
Sub-task
E-12.03
Replaces components.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
E-12.03.01
knowledge of policies and regulations
E-12.03.02
knowledge of removal techniques
E-12.03.03
knowledge of installation techniques
E-12.03.04
knowledge of temporary and permanent support techniques
E-12.03.05
ability to remove defective components
E-12.03.06
ability to install replacement components
E-12.03.07
ability to verify conditions of repair
E-12.03.08
ability to install temporary and permanent supports
- 37 -
Sub-task
E-12.04
Performs preventative maintenance.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
no
no
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
E-12.04.01
knowledge of manufacturers’ specifications
E-12.04.02
knowledge of policies and procedures
E-12.04.03
knowledge of materials used such as reinforcing, lubrication and hard
surfacing
E-12.04.04
knowledge of maintenance logs and schedules
E-12.04.05
knowledge of maintenance techniques
E-12.04.06
ability to interpret maintenance schedules
E-12.04.07
ability to perform maintenance techniques such as reinforcing, lubrication
and hard surfacing
- 38 -
Task 13
Decommissions, disassembles and removes structural,
mechanical and miscellaneous components.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Structural, mechanical, finishing.
Tools and
Equipment
See Appendix A.
Sub-task
E-13.01
Ensures decommissioning of structure or components.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
E-13.01.01
knowledge of policies and procedures such as lock-out, tagging procedures,
hot work procedures and WHMIS
E-13.01.02
knowledge of sequence of decommissioning
E-13.01.03
knowledge of temporary support techniques
E-13.01.04
ability to review decommissioning documentation and keep records
- 39 -
Sub-task
E-13.02
Plans sequence of disassembly.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
E-13.02.01
knowledge of disassembly sequence
E-13.02.02
knowledge of disassembly techniques
E-13.02.03
knowledge of temporary support techniques
E-13.02.04
ability to determine and prioritize required tasks
Sub-task
C-13.03
Removes components.
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
yes
yes
yes
ND
NV
yes
ND
yes
yes
yes
ND
ND
ND
Supporting Knowledge and Abilities
C-13.03.01
knowledge of sequence of tasks
C-13.03.02
knowledge of storage and placement of components
C-13.03.03
knowledge of stored energy and dynamic loads within the structure
C-13.03.04
ability to follow sequence of disassembly
- 40 -
APPENDICES
APPENDIX A
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Hand Tools
adjustable wrench
aligning bar (sleever bar)
Allen key set
B&O hammer
bar clamps
beam clamps
bolt bag
bolt cutters
button pump
cable cutters
centre punch
chalk line
chipping hammer
cold chisel
combination square
combination wrench set
drill bits
files
finger clamps
flashlight
grease gun
hack saw
hammers
hickey bar
hoses (grout, air, water)
knives
knocker wrench
marlinspike
measuring tape
needle nose pliers
nut drivers
pins (drift, bull)
pipe cutters
pipe wrench
pliers
prybar
punch
reamers
reel holder
rod bag
scrapers
screwdrivers — Robertson;
Phillips, flat blades
shears
side/diagonal cutters
sledge hammer
slip joint pliers
socket set
spud wrench
tap set
tarps
tie wire reel
tin snips
tool belt
tool bucket
wire brush
Safety Equipment
air movers (fans)
anchor points
cables
eye wash facilities
fire blankets
fire extinguishers
first aid equipment
fume and toxic gas detector
guard rails life lines
perimeter cables
portable lighting
ropes (fibre, wire)
safety barriers
screens
signage
stanchion posts
warning tape
welding flash screens
- 43 -
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
breathable air pack
chin straps
coveralls (fire retardant)
ear plugs
face shields
fall arresters
full body harness
gloves
goggles
hard hat
insulated gloves
knee pads
lock-out kit
respirators
retractable lanyard
rope grabs
rubber gloves
safety belt
safety glasses
safety vest
steel toe boots
welding apron
welding gloves
welding helmet
welding jacket
welding shield
Power Tools and Equipment
air chisel
band saw
chop saw
circular saw
compressor
disk
electric hacksaw
gas cut-off saw
gas deck saw
generator
grinder
grouting machine
hammer drill
hydraulic jacks (and
accessories)
impact drill
impact gun
mag drill
peening tool
pencil grinder
percussion drill
pneumatic gun
porta band
powder actuated tool
power cords
power drill
power wrench
reciprocating saw
rivet buster
riveting gun
tension control gun
Measuring and Layout Equipment
bevel squares
builders level
chalk
chalk line
crayon
distometers
laser level
laser square
measuring chain
measuring tape
micrometers
optical levels
paint pen
pencil
piano wire
plumb line
prism
rod level
- 44 -
Measuring and Layout Equipment (continued)
scale
soapstone
spirit levels
spraypaint
squares (framing, ombination)
straight edges
string line
torpedo level
total station
tripods
Vernier
water level
Specialty Tools and Equipment (Welding and Cutting Tools)
arc air (gouger)
air lance
arc welding machine
chipping hammer
cutting tools (oxygen,
acetylene, propane)
plasma cutter
radiograph
stud welding equipment
stud welding gun
submerged arc machine
thermal cutting machine
thermite welding machine
tiger torch
Scaffolding and Access Equipment
aerial work platforms
aluminium framed platform
aluminium planks
boom lifts
bosun chair
electrical articulated boom lift
electrical scissor lifts
electrical vertical lifts
end frames
extension ladder
floats (angel’s wings)
gas powered articulated boom
lift
gas powered scissor lifts
ladder jack scaffolds
ladders
mechanical scaffolds
ramps
rolling scaffolds
sawhorses
scissor-lift
stationary scaffolds
stepladders
swing stages
temporary access/freight
elevator
tube and clamps
- 45 -
Rigging Equipment
beam clamps
binders
blocks
bridle hitch
cable clamps
chain
chain falls
clips
come-alongs
dunnage
equalizer beam
eye bolts
fibre rope
guy lines
hooks
mechanical/hydraulic jacks
multi-bearing rollers
multiple-leg bridle sling
ring and lines
rope clips
shackles
sheaves
simple roller
softeners
spreader beam
spreaders
swivel
synthetic slings
tackle blocks
tag lines
thimbles
Tirfor® (cable puller)
Tugger
turnbuckles
wedge sockets
winches
wire rope
wire rope slings
Handling Equipment
boom trucks
chain falls
come-alongs
cradle
forklifts (telescopic, electric, gas
powered)
glass cups
multi-bearing rollers
pallet jack
power cups
rollers
stretcher
tugger
- 46 -
APPENDIX B
GLOSSARY
accessories
items used in conjunctions with reinforcing steel such as bar
chairs, slab bolsters, etc.
curtain wall
an enclosing wall which provides no structural support
dunnage
wooden boards and timbers used to hold material in place when
being transported
falsework
temporary steel or wooden supports upon which final steel is
erected
girts
horizontal or vertical framing member to which sash, siding or
other finished material is attached
grating
an arrangement of parallel or latticed bars which serve as the
floor of a platform, walkway, etc.
miscellaneous iron
products
any steel product or component that is not main structural
supporting member
ornamental components
non-structural steel, precast or composite members
- 47 -
APPENDIX C
ACRONYMS
AASHTO
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
ASTM
American Society of Testing and Materials
CSA
Canadian Standards Association
CWB
Canadian Welding Bureau
HSS
Hollow Structural Sections
JHA
Job hazard analysis
OH&S
Occupational Health and Safety
PPE
personal protective equipment
PTI
Post Tensioning Institute
THA
Task hazard analysis
WHMIS
Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System
- 48 -
APPENDIX D
BLOCK A
%
NL
15
BLOCK AND TASK WEIGHTING
OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS
NS
12
Task 1
PE
10
NB QC ON MB
ND NV 12 ND
SK
5
AB
20
BC
10
NT YT NU
ND ND ND
Task 2
24%
Communicates in the workplace.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% 21 15 15 ND NV 17 ND 20 10 10 ND ND ND
Task 3
16%
Uses and maintains tools and equipment.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% 29 25 35 ND NV 50 ND 40 50 30 ND ND ND
Task 4
37%
Organizes work.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% 22 30 35 ND NV 16 ND 20 10 30 ND ND ND
BLOCK B
%
12%
Interprets occupational documentation.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% 28 30 15 ND NV 17 ND 20 30 30 ND ND ND
NL
20
National
Average
23%
RIGGING AND HOISTING
NS
25
Task 5
PE
25
NB QC ON MB
ND NV 28 ND
SK
30
AB
20
BC
25
NT YT NU
ND ND ND
National
Average
25%
Selects rigging equipment.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% 50 50 50 ND NV 39 ND 60 50 40 ND ND ND
- 49 -
48%
Task 6
Uses hoisting and lifting equipment.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% 50 50 50 ND NV 61 ND 40 50 60 ND ND ND
BLOCK C
%
NL
20
CRANES
NS
15
Task 7
PE
15
NB QC ON MB
ND NV 10 ND
SK
10
AB
10
BC
10
NT YT NU
ND ND ND
Task 8
13%
62%
Disassembles cranes.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% 47 40 50 ND NV 40 ND 35 35 20 ND ND ND
BLOCK D
%
National
Average
Assembles and erects cranes.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% 53 60 50 ND NV 60 ND 65 65 80 ND ND ND
NL
35
52%
38%
ERECTION, ASSEMBLY AND INSTALLATION
NS
40
Task 9
PE
40
NB QC ON MB
ND NV 40 ND
SK
45
AB
40
BC
45
NT YT NU
ND ND ND
49%
Installs ornamental components and systems.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% 27 30 60 ND NV 30 ND 10 30 20 ND ND ND
Task 11
40%
Installs primary and secondary structural members.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% 44 50 25 ND NV 40 ND 60 60 65 ND ND ND
Task 10
National
Average
30%
Installs conveyors, machinery and equipment.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% 29 20 15 ND NV 30 ND 30 10 15 ND ND ND
- 50 -
21%
BLOCK E
%
NL
10
MAINTENANCE AND UPGRADING
NS
8
Task 12
PE
10
NB QC ON MB
ND NV 10 ND
SK
10
AB
10
BC
10
NT YT NU
ND ND ND
10%
Repairs components.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% 31 40 40 ND NV 70 ND 40 50 60 ND ND ND
Task 13
National
Average
47%
Decommissions, disassembles and removes structural,
mechanical and miscellaneous components.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% 69 60 60 ND NV 30 ND 60 50 40 ND ND ND
- 51 -
53%
APPENDIX E
PIE CHART*
E
10%
A
12%
B
25%
D
40%
C
13%
TITLES OF BLOCKS
BLOCK A
Occupational Skills
BLOCK D
Erection, Assembly and
Installation
BLOCK B
Rigging and Hoisting
BLOCK E
Maintenance and Upgrading
BLOCK C
Cranes
*Average percentage of the total number of questions on an interprovincial examination,
assigned to assess each block of the analysis, as derived from the collective input from workers
within the occupation from all areas of Canada. Interprovincial examinations typically have
from 100 to 150 multiple-choice questions.
- 52 -
APPENDIX F
BLOCKS
A - OCCUPATIONAL
SKILLS
B - RIGGING AND
HOISTING
TASK PROFILE CHART —
Ironworker (Structural/Ornamental)
TASKS
SUB-TASKS
1. Interprets
occupational
documentation.
1.01 Interprets
drawings and
specifications.
1.02 Interprets
standards,
regulations and
procedures.
2. Communicates
in the workplace.
2.01 Communicates
with co-workers.
2.02 Communicates
with others.
2.03 Communicates
with apprentices.
2.04 Uses hand
signals.
2.05 Communicates
electronically.
3. Uses and
maintains tools
and equipment.
3.01 Uses hand tools
and measuring
equipment.
3.02 Uses power
tools.
3.03 Uses powderactuated tools.
3.04 Uses aerial
work platforms.
3.05 Uses ladders.
3.06 Uses
scaffolding.
3.07 Uses personal
protective
equipment (PPE).
3.08 Uses surveying
equipment.
3.09 Uses welding
equipment.
3.10 Uses thermal
and oxy-fuel
cutting equipment.
4. Organizes work.
4.01 Organizes
materials and
supplies.
4.02 Marks layouts.
4.03 Maintains safe
work environment.
4.04 Assesses site
hazards.
4.05 Plans work
tasks.
5. Selects rigging
equipment.
5.01 Matches load to
lift capability.
5.02 Inspects rigging
equipment.
5.03 Maintains
rigging equipment.
6. Uses hoisting
and lifting
equipment.
6.01 Uses hoisting
equipment.
6.02 Uses lifting
equipment.
6.03 Attaches
rigging to load.
- 53 -
BLOCKS
C - CRANES
D - ERECTION,
ASSEMBLY AND
INSTALLATION
E - MAINTENANCE
AND UPGRADING
TASKS
SUB-TASKS
7. Assembles and
erects cranes.
7.01 Assesses crane
site limitations.
7.02 Determines
crane position.
8. Disassembles
cranes.
8.01 Disassembles
crane components.
8.02 Prepares crane
for transport.
9. Installs primary
and secondary
structural
members.
9.01 Erects
falsework.
9.02 Attaches
structural members.
10. Installs
ornamental
components and
systems.
10.01 Installs curtain
walls and window
walls.
10.02 Installs
miscellaneous
components.
11. Installs
conveyors,
machinery and
equipment.
11.01 Installs
material handling
systems.
11.02 Aligns
material handling
systems.
11.03 Places
machinery and
equipment.
12. Repairs
components.
12.01 Assesses
current condition of
components.
12.02 Fieldfabricates
components.
12.03 Replaces
components.
13.
Decommissions,
disassembles and
removes structural,
mechanical and
miscellaneous
components.
13.01 Ensures
decommissioning of
structure or
components.
13.02 Plans
sequence of
disassembly.
13.03 Removes
components.
- 54 -
7.03 Prepares bases.
7.04 Erects cranes
and components.
9.03 Levels, plumbs
and aligns structural
members.
9.04 Completes
installation of
structural members.
12.04 Performs
preventative
maintenance.
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