Construction Craft Worker 2015 National Occupational Analysis

Construction Craft Worker 2015 National Occupational Analysis
National Occupational Analysis
Construction
Craft Worker
2015
National Occupational
Analyses
Construction Craft Worker
2015
Trades and Apprenticeship Division
Division des métiers et de l’apprentissage
Labour Market Integration Directorate
Direction de l’intégration au marché du
travail
National Occupational Classification:
7611
Disponible en français sous le titre :
Manœuvre en construction
You can download this publication by going online: publicentre.esdc.gc.ca This document is
available on demand in multiple formats by contacting 1 800 O-Canada (1-800-622-6232),
teletypewriter (TTY), 1-800-926-9105.
© Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, 2015
droitdauteur.copyright@HRSDC-RHDCC.gc.ca
PDF
Cat. No.: Em15-1/24-2015E-PDF
ISBN: 978-0-660-03909-1
ESDC
Cat. No. : LM-573-12-15E
_________________________________________________________________
You can download this publication and find more information on Red Seal trades by going
online: http://www.red-seal.ca
FOREWORD
The Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship (CCDA) recognizes this National
Occupational Analysis (NOA) as the national standard for the occupation of Construction
Craft Worker.
Background
The first National Conference on Apprenticeship in Trades and Industries, held in Ottawa in
1952, recommended that the federal government be requested to cooperate with provincial and
territorial apprenticeship committees and officials in preparing analyses of a number of skilled
occupations. To this end, Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) sponsors a
program, under the guidance of the CCDA, to develop a series of NOAs.
The NOAs have the following objectives:
•
to describe and group the tasks performed by skilled workers;
•
to identify which tasks are performed in every province and territory;
•
to develop instruments for use in the preparation of Interprovincial Red Seal
Examinations and curricula for training leading to the certification of skilled workers;
•
to facilitate the mobility of apprentices and skilled workers in Canada; and,
•
to supply employers, employees, associations, industries, training institutions and
governments with analyses of occupations.
-I-
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The CCDA and ESDC wish to express sincere appreciation for the contribution of the many
tradespersons, industrial establishments, professional associations, labour organizations,
provincial and territorial government departments and agencies, and all others who contributed
to this publication.
Special acknowledgement is extended by ESDC and the CCDA to the following representatives
of the trade, and the apprenticeship bodies or national organizations that nominated them.
Chris Kenny
Daryl Duke
James Blancard
Jason Toms
Paul Santos
Pierre Doucet
Ralph Grass
Victor Marques
New Brunswick
Saskatchewan
British Columbia
Ontario
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Ontario
British Columbia
This analysis was prepared by the Labour Market Integration Directorate of ESDC. The
coordinating, facilitating and processing of this analysis were undertaken by employees of the
NOA development team of the Trades and Apprenticeship Division. The host jurisdiction of
Ontario also participated in the development of this NOA.
Comments or questions about National Occupational Analyses may be forwarded to:
Trades and Apprenticeship Division
Labour Market Integration Directorate
Employment and Social Development Canada
140 Promenade du Portage, Phase IV, 5th Floor
Gatineau, Quebec K1A 0J9
Email: redseal-sceaurouge@hrsdc-rhdcc.gc.ca
- II -
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD
I
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
II
TABLE OF CONTENTS
III
STRUCTURE OF ANALYSIS
VI
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF ANALYSIS
VIII
ANALYSIS
SAFETY
3
SCOPE OF THE CONSTRUCTION CRAFT WORKER TRADE
4
OCCUPATIONAL OBSERVATIONS
6
ESSENTIAL SKILLS SUMMARY
7
BLOCK A
BLOCK B
COMMON OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS
Task 1
Performs safety-related functions.
9
Task 2
Uses and maintains tools and equipment.
11
Task 3
Organizes work.
15
Task 4
Performs routine trade activities.
17
Task 5
Prepares site.
23
Task 6
Performs ground work.
26
Task 7
Services site.
29
Task 8
Performs basic demolition.
33
Task 9
Performs safety watches.
35
SITE WORK
- III -
BLOCK C
BLOCK D
BLOCK E
BLOCK F
BLOCK G
SCAFFOLDING AND ACCESS EQUIPMENT
Task 10
Uses scaffolding.
38
Task 11
Uses access equipment.
42
CONCRETE WORK
Task 12
Forms concrete.
45
Task 13
Places and finishes concrete.
48
Task 14
Modifies concrete.
52
Task 15
Places/Applies grout, epoxies and caulking.
55
MASONRY WORK
Task 16
Prepares for masonry work.
57
Task 17
Tends to bricklayers.
59
UTILITIES AND PIPELINE
Task 18
Installs utility piping for water and sewer
installations.
62
Task 19
Performs pipeline activities.
66
Task 20
Installs road surface material.
68
Task 21
Installs roadwork components.
70
ROADWORK
APPENDICES
APPENDIX A
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
75
APPENDIX B
GLOSSARY
79
APPENDIX C
ACRONYMS
85
APPENDIX D
BLOCK AND TASK WEIGHTING
86
- IV -
APPENDIX E
PIE CHART
90
APPENDIX F
TASK PROFILE CHART
91
-V-
STRUCTURE OF ANALYSIS
To facilitate understanding of the occupation, the work performed by tradespersons is divided
into the following categories:
Blocks
the largest division within the analysis that is comprised of a
distinct set of trade activities
Tasks
distinct actions that describe the activities within a block
Sub-Tasks
distinct actions that describe the activities within a task
Key Competencies
activities that a person should be able to do in order to be called
‘competent’ in the trade
The analysis also provides the following information:
Trends
changes identified that impact or will impact the trade including
work practices, technological advances, and new materials and
equipment
Related Components
a list of products, items, materials and other elements relevant to
the block
Tools and Equipment
categories of tools and equipment used to perform all tasks in the
block; these tools and equipment are listed in Appendix A
Context
information to clarify the intent and meaning of tasks
Required Knowledge
the elements of knowledge that an individual must acquire to
adequately perform a task
- VI -
The appendices located at the end of the analysis are described as follows:
Appendix A —
Tools and Equipment
a non-exhaustive list of tools and equipment used in this trade
Appendix B —
Glossary
definitions or explanations of selected technical terms used in the
analysis
Appendix C —
Acronyms
a list of acronyms used in the analysis with their full name
Appendix D —
Block and Task
Weighting
the block and task percentages submitted by each jurisdiction,
and the national averages of these percentages; these national
averages determine the number of questions for each block and
task in the Interprovincial exam
Appendix E —
Pie Chart
a graph which depicts the national percentages of exam
questions assigned to blocks
Appendix F —
Task Profile Chart
a chart which outlines graphically the blocks, tasks and sub-tasks
of this analysis
- VII -
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF ANALYSIS
Development of Analysis
A draft analysis is developed by a committee of industry experts in the field led by a team of
facilitators from ESDC. This draft analysis breaks down all the tasks performed in the
occupation and describes the knowledge and abilities required for a tradesperson to
demonstrate competence in the trade.
Draft Review
The NOA development team then forwards a copy of the analysis and its translation to
provincial and territorial authorities for a review of its content and structure. Their
recommendations are assessed and incorporated into the analysis.
Validation and Weighting
The analysis is sent to all provinces and territories for validation and weighting. Participating
jurisdictions consult with industry to validate and weight the document, examining the blocks,
tasks and sub-tasks of the analysis as follows:
BLOCKS
Each jurisdiction assigns a percentage of questions to each block for an
examination that would cover the entire trade.
TASKS
Each jurisdiction assigns a percentage of exam questions to each task
within a block.
SUB-TASKS
Each jurisdiction indicates, with a YES or NO, whether or not each subtask is performed by skilled workers within the occupation in its
jurisdiction.
The results of this exercise are submitted to the NOA development team who then analyzes the
data and incorporates it into the document. The NOA provides the individual jurisdictional
validation results as well as the national averages of all responses. The national averages for
block and task weighting guide the Interprovincial Red Seal Examination plan for the trade.
This method for the validation of the NOA also identifies common core sub-tasks across
Canada for the occupation. If at least 70% of the responding jurisdictions perform a sub-task, it
shall be considered common core. Interprovincial Red Seal Examinations are based on the
common core sub-tasks identified through this validation process.
- VIII -
Definitions for Validation and Weighting
YES
sub-task performed by qualified workers in the occupation in a specific
jurisdiction
NO
sub-task not performed by qualified workers in the occupation in a specific
jurisdiction
NV
analysis Not Validated by a province/territory
ND
trade Not Designated in a province/territory
NOT
COMMON
CORE (NCC)
sub-task, task or block performed by less than 70% of responding
jurisdictions; these will not be tested by the Interprovincial Red Seal
Examination for the trade
NATIONAL
AVERAGE %
average percentage of questions assigned to each block and task in
Interprovincial Red Seal Examination for the trade
Provincial/Territorial Abbreviations
NL
NS
PE
NB
QC
ON
MB
SK
AB
BC
NT
YT
NU
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Prince Edward Island
New Brunswick
Quebec
Ontario
Manitoba
Saskatchewan
Alberta
British Columbia
Northwest Territories
Yukon Territory
Nunavut
- IX -
ANALYSIS
SAFETY
Safe working procedures and conditions, accident prevention, and the preservation of health
are of primary importance to industry in Canada. These responsibilities are shared and require
the joint efforts of government, employers and employees. It is imperative that all parties
become aware of circumstances that may lead to injury or harm. Safe learning experiences and
work environments can be created by controlling the variables and behaviours that may
contribute to accidents or injury.
It is generally recognized that safety-conscious attitudes and work practices contribute to a
healthy, safe and accident-free work environment.
It is imperative to apply and be familiar with the Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) Acts
and Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) regulations. As well, it is
essential to determine workplace hazards and take measures to protect oneself, co-workers, the
public and the environment.
Safety education is an integral part of training in all jurisdictions. As safety is an imperative part
of all trades, it is assumed and therefore it is not included as a qualifier of any activities.
However, the technical safety tasks and sub-tasks specific to the trade are included in this
analysis.
-3-
SCOPE OF THE CONSTRUCTION CRAFT WORKER
TRADE
“Construction Craft Worker” is this trade’s official Red Seal occupational title approved by the
Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship. This analysis covers tasks performed by
construction craft workers whose occupational title has been identified by some provinces and
territories of Canada under the following names:
NL
Construction Craft
Labourer
Construction Craft
Worker

NS

PE

NB

QC

ON

MB

SK
AB


BC
NT
YT
NU

Construction craft workers work mostly on construction sites; their tasks include site
preparation and cleanup, setting up and removing access equipment, and working on concrete,
masonry, steel, wood and pre-cast erecting projects. They handle materials and equipment and
perform demolition, excavation and compaction activities. They may also perform site safety
and security checks.
Construction craft workers work on a wide variety of structures such as residential, and
industrial, commercial and institutional (ICI) sites, as well as hydroelectric dams, roadways,
bridges, tunnels, mines and railways. In some jurisdictions, they may also work on utility,
landscape and pipeline projects. Construction craft workers may work for private companies as
well as municipal, provincial and federal governments.
With experience, construction craft workers who complete additional training may specialize in
different areas of construction. This can include operating off-road vehicles, drilling, blasting,
scaling, sandblasting, high-pressure washing, diving, tunnelling and performing emergency
rescue. Another common responsibility is the management of pedestrian and vehicular traffic in
situations involving potential hazards and public trust.
Construction craft workers work primarily outdoors, in all weather conditions. They are often
required to work at heights, over water and in confined spaces and excavations. Their job
settings may be in densely-populated urban settings or at remote locations. They often work
overtime during peak construction periods.
Key attributes for workers in this trade are mechanical aptitude, manual dexterity and an ability
to do hard physical work. They must also be able to work both as team members, and
sometimes, to interact directly with the public where considerations such as safety and legal
liability are at issue. Organizational, leadership, problem solving and document interpretation
skills are assets for anyone wanting to progress in this trade.
-4-
This analysis acknowledges similarities with many construction trades. With experience
construction craft workers may have opportunities to advance.
-5-
OCCUPATIONAL OBSERVATIONS
Due to more stringent environmental regulations, the industry is seeing an increased emphasis
upon recycling requirements and other environmental protection activities. To meet these
standards, construction craft workers are seeing an increase in duties, requiring a larger skilled
workforce. These new standards are also associated with increased diversification of tasks
undertaken by this trade, heightened demands for resourcefulness on the jobsite and capacity to
function year-round rather than on a merely seasonal basis. Also, new green construction
methods adhering to Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), such as building
green roofs and other aspects of work in the power sector work (e.g. wind turbines, solar)
require construction craft workers to expand their skills.
There is increased pressure from industry to accomplish tasks in a shorter time period even as
year-round rather than seasonal work increasingly becomes a standard requirement of this
trade.
Increased technological advances such as digital equipment, pipe remediation and robotics are
leading to an increased emphasis on training. The use of global positioning systems (GPS) is
becoming more popular for layout, grading and locates. Increased safety and technical training
is being supported in the construction industry.
-6-
ESSENTIAL SKILLS SUMMARY
Essential skills are needed for work, learning and life. They provide the foundation for learning
all other skills and enable people to evolve with their jobs and adapt to workplace change.
Through extensive research, the Government of Canada and other national and international
agencies have identified and validated nine essential skills. These skills are used in nearly every
occupation and throughout daily life in different ways.
A series of CCDA-endorsed tools have been developed to support apprentices in their training
and to be better prepared for a career in the trades. The tools can be used independently or with
the assistance of a tradesperson, trainer, employer, teacher or mentor to:
•
•
•
understand how essential skills are used in the trades;
learn about individual essential skills strengths and areas for improvement; and
improve essential skills and increase success in an apprenticeship program.
Tools are available online or for order at: http://www.esdc.gc.ca/eng/jobs/les/tools/index.shtml.
The application of these skills may be described throughout this document within the
competency statements which support each subtask of the trade. The following are summaries
of the requirements in each of the essential skills, taken from the essential skills profile. A link to
the complete essential skills profile can be found at www.red-seal.ca.
Reading
Construction craft workers read a variety of material such as safety data sheets (SDS) and prejob safety instructions (PSI). They also may refer to instructions and procedures for guidelines
on mixing mortars and cleaning parts, and manuals for guidelines on inspecting and operating
mobile and stationary equipment including load charts. Construction craft workers may read
trade journals, brochures and website articles to learn about new products and construction
technologies.
Document Use
Construction craft workers interpret labels on product packaging and equipment to locate
specifications, times, safety information and identification numbers. They also interpret
technical drawings such as floor plans, schematics and assembly drawings. They complete
documents including orientation and equipment inspection forms.
Writing
Construction craft workers use writing skills to complete logbooks to record the outcome of
safety inspections and write notes to co-workers concerning items such as defective equipment.
They may be required to prepare short reports, such as describing events leading up to a
workplace accident.
-7-
Oral Communication
Construction craft workers exchange information with co-workers and other tradespeople. They
talk to supervisors to learn about job assignments and to coordinate activities and schedules.
Construction craft workers participate in staff meetings to discuss safety, goals, procedures, job
time-frames and projects. They speak to suppliers to determine policies, prices and delivery
schedules.
Numeracy
Construction craft workers take measurements using a range of tools and compare
measurements to specifications. They estimate quantities and weights. Construction craft
workers perform calculations including calculating material requirements.
Thinking Skills
Construction craft workers use thinking skills to organize their work. They decide on the order
of tasks and how to work around issues that can arise such as material shortages and
equipment breakdowns. They evaluate the safety of worksites by identifying hazards. They
evaluate the quality of work by taking measurements and checking alignment. Construction
craft workers may attempt to troubleshoot equipment problems. They may also recommend
whether parts are reusable or can be rebuilt.
Working with Others
Construction craft workers may work independently or with a journeyperson or apprentice to
accomplish their assigned tasks. On large jobs, they may work as a member of a team.
Digital Technology
Construction craft workers use digital tools such as multimeters and scan tools to measure
current, voltage and resistance. They use calculators to complete numeracy related tasks.
Construction craft workers use communication software/devices to exchange information. They
may access online information such as bulletins and training courses. They may also use
computers to complete topographical surveys and generate diagrams as well as to view
blueprints.
Continuous Learning
Construction craft workers have a recurring requirement to learn. This includes learning about
new work materials and construction procedures. They may take part in company or jobsite
safety training and training to remain up to date in first aid practices.
-8-
BLOCK A
COMMON OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS
Trends
There is an increased emphasis on safety in all aspects of a construction
craft worker’s job. In an effort to increase safety and to track
performance, more documentation and training is required.
Related
Components
All components apply.
Tools and
Equipment
See Appendix A.
Task 1
Performs safety-related functions.
Construction craft workers must perform safety-related functions in
order to be safe in the workplace.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
WHMIS
K2
locations of SDS documents
K3
workers’ rights and responsibilities
K4
company safety manuals, policies and procedures, and codes of practice
K5
transportation of dangerous goods (TDG) procedures
K6
training and certification requirements such as traffic control, fall protection,
working at heights, and confined space
K7
emergency procedures and muster area
K8
disposal and recycling procedures
K9
Canadian Standards Association (CSA) approved personal protective
equipment (PPE) such as high-visibility vests, eye protection, safety boots,
hard hats, harnesses, hearing protection and respirators
K 10
types of safety equipment such as fire extinguishers, first aid kits, safety tape
and barricades
K 11
PPE and safety equipment operations
K 12
training and certification requirements for using PPE and safety equipment
K 13
location of PPE and safety equipment
-9-
K 14
OH&S regulations regarding the use of PPE and safety equipment
K 15
limitations of PPE such as respirators and fall protection equipment
K 16
types and operation of fire extinguishing equipment
K 17
authorities having jurisdiction (AHJ)
K 18
lock-out and tag-out procedures
K 19
housekeeping practices
Sub-task
A-1.01
NL
NV
Maintains safe work environment.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-1.01.01
apply safety procedures
A-1.01.02
apply WHMIS procedures such as record keeping of SDS, and product
identification, handling and disposal
A-1.01.03
install barricades, signage and tape-off areas to isolate work area, to bring
attention to potential hazardous situations, and to prevent entry of workers
and public on site
A-1.01.04
remove all tripping hazards such as debris, material and equipment
A-1.01.05
participate in job-site specific orientation prior to working on a new jobsite
A-1.01.06
participate in safety, Joint Occupational Health and Safety (JOHS), job hazard
analysis and tool box (tailgate) meetings
A-1.01.07
recognize personal injury hazards
A-1.01.08
report and prevent potential hazards such as defective equipment, not tying
off ladders, uncovered man holes and open hatches
A-1.01.09
recognize, correct and report unsafe work practices, near misses or
conditions
A-1.01.10
perform lock-out and tag-out procedures
A-1.01.11
apply site safety plan that is posted on the jobsite to locate safety equipment
such as eye wash stations, first aid kits and rooms, and decontamination
showers
- 10 -
Sub-task
A-1.02
NL
NV
Uses personal protective equipment (PPE) and safety equipment.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-1.02.01
identify and select types of PPE according to task, jurisdictional regulations
and jobsite specifications
A-1.02.02
inspect PPE and safety equipment for damage and defects
A-1.02.03
store PPE and safety equipment
A-1.02.04
tag defective PPE and safety equipment, and remove from service
A-1.02.05
verify certification of PPE and safety equipment prior to use
A-1.02.06
maintain safety equipment by cleaning according to manufacturers’
specifications
A-1.02.07
use fall protection equipment following guidelines such as proper lanyard
length and anchoring points
A-1.02.08
follow manufacturers’ guidelines on lifespan and proper use of PPE
Task 2
Uses and maintains tools and equipment.
Construction craft workers use a wide variety of tools and equipment in
order to carry out their daily tasks. Special training or certification may
be required to operate some of these tools and equipment.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
types of hand tools such as hammers, pry bars and screwdrivers
K2
types of electric and gas power tools such as chippers, quick-cut saws,
circular saws, reciprocating saws, grinders and drills
K3
types of hydraulic power tools such as jacks, hammers and rock splitters
K4
types of pneumatic power tools such as jackhammers and breakers
K5
types of powder-actuated tools such as manual and trigger-operated
K6
applications of powder-actuated tools
K7
training and certification requirements
K8
types of rigging equipment such as shackles, swivel hooks, cradles,
turnbuckles and slings
- 11 -
K9
types of hoisting equipment such as come-alongs, chainfalls and grip hoists
K 10
uses and limitations of rigging and hoisting equipment
K 11
rigging and hoisting equipment regulations
K 12
types of loads such as liquid, reinforcing steel, fly tables and tilt-up panels
K 13
load radius and center of gravity
K 14
rated capacity of hardware
K 15
stationary equipment such as water pumps, concrete pumps, heaters,
generators, compressors and light towers
K 16
types of pumps such as electric, hydraulic, pneumatic and fuel-powered
K 17
types of heaters such as electric, fuel-fired, glycol and steam
K 18
operation of equipment
K 19
sandblasters
K 20
types of mobile equipment such as skidsteers, mini-excavators and telescopic
forklifts (telehandlers)
Sub-task
A-2.01
NL
NV
Maintains hand, power and powder-actuated tools.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-2.01.01
clean tools
A-2.01.02
organize tools by grouping like tools together
A-2.01.03
sharpen hand tools such as scrapers and chisels
A-2.01.04
store tools in tool crib
A-2.01.05
replace components such as springs, bits and blades
A-2.01.06
recognize worn, damaged or defective tools and tag for removal from service
A-2.01.07
lubricate moving parts as required
A-2.01.08
verify battery packs are charged
- 12 -
Sub-task
A-2.02
NL
NV
Uses rigging and hoisting equipment.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-2.02.01
select rigging and hoisting equipment such as chains, slings, cradles, spreader
bars, cables, shackles, softeners and tag lines
A-2.02.02
estimate load weights and verify that rigging equipment is rated for the load
weight according to inspection tags
A-2.02.03
rig loads considering factors such as designated lift points and stability
triangle, and ensure the load is stable
A-2.02.04
control load using tag lines
A-2.02.05
inspect rigging and hoisting equipment for wear, damage and defects,
tagging any equipment designated for removal
A-2.02.06
maintain hoisting equipment by replacing safety clips and lubricating
A-2.02.07
store rigging equipment such as nylon straps and slings in dry area
A-2.02.08
store rigging and hoisting equipment in designated area
Sub-task
A-2.03
NL
NV
Uses stationary equipment.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-2.03.01
select equipment such as light towers, generators, compressors and discharge
(water) pumps and their components such as electrical cords, hoses, shut off
valves and ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCI)
A-2.03.02
recognize hazards of using stationary equipment such as flammable fuels and
exhaust gases
A-2.03.03
operate stationary equipment according to manufacturers’ specifications
A-2.03.04
place, set up and secure stationary equipment in well-ventilated area and on
level ground
A-2.03.05
check, monitor and maintain fluids such as oil, fuel and engine coolant
A-2.03.06
complete daily maintenance logbooks according to company policy or jobsite
requirements
- 13 -
A-2.03.07
inspect and monitor stationary equipment and components for damage and
faults such as abraded hoses, frayed electrical cords and leaks
A-2.03.08
start diesel and gasoline engines according to manufacturers’ specifications
A-2.03.09
shut down stationary equipment according to manufacturers’ specifications
A-2.03.10
store and maintain stationary equipment according to manufacturers’
specifications
Sub-task
A-2.04
NL
NV
Uses sandblaster.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-2.04.01
select sandblaster components and materials such as hoses, nozzles, abrasives
and shut off valves
A-2.04.02
recognize hazards such as dust and high pressure flying abrasives and debris
A-2.04.03
operate sandblaster according to manufacturers’ specifications and using a
ventilation hood
A-2.04.04
establish and adjust abrasive and airflow mixture according to task
requirements
A-2.04.05
inspect and monitor sandblaster and components for damage
A-2.04.06
coordinate use of sandblaster with pot attendant for operating and shutdown procedures according to manufacturers’ specifications
A-2.04.07
store sandblaster pot and abrasives in a dry location and maintain equipment
according to manufacturers’ specifications
A-2.04.08
identify containment and safe work area for sandblasting
- 14 -
Sub-task
A-2.05
NL
NV
Uses mobile equipment.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-2.05.01
operate and maintain mobile equipment such as skidsteers, mini-excavators
and telescopic forklifts (telehandlers) according to manufacturers’
specifications
A-2.05.02
recognize hazards such as blind spots, pedestrian traffic, obstacles, power
lines, flammable fuels and exhaust gases
A-2.05.03
check, monitor and maintain fluids such as oil, fuel and engine coolant
A-2.05.04
complete daily maintenance logbooks according to company policy or jobsite
requirements
A-2.05.05
inspect and monitor mobile equipment and components for damage and
faults such as hydraulic hoses and leaks
A-2.05.06
start and shut down diesel and gasoline engines according to manufacturers’
specifications
A-2.05.07
work with spotters in congested work areas to mitigate hazards such as blind
spots, pedestrian traffic, obstacles and power lines
Task 3
Organizes work.
Construction craft workers must use a variety of documents,
communicate with others and plan their specific tasks in order to
organize their work. Communication on the work site is crucial in order
to complete the work in a safe and efficient manner.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
types of documentation such as work records, job hazard analysis (JHA),
codes and regulations
K2
safety documentation such as SDS, WHMIS symbols and monitoring sheets
for safety watches
K3
site-specific documentation such as safe work permits and job procedure
manuals
K4
requirements for task
- 15 -
K5
limitations of equipment and material
K6
hazards of task
K7
sequence of construction tasks
K8
jobsite roles and responsibilities
K9
different formats of documents such as paper or digital
K 10
communication methods such as oral, written, digital, electronic and
international hand signals
Sub-task
A-3.01
NL
NV
Uses documentation.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-3.01.01
interpret drawings such as blueprints, engineering drawings and sketches
A-3.01.02
interpret work orders
A-3.01.03
locate and remain current with information such as job procedures, OH&S
regulations, and SDS
A-3.01.04
reference manufacturers’ specifications and safe operating procedures for
equipment
A-3.01.05
sketch diagrams to visualize work
A-3.01.06
complete work-related records such as incident reports, daily logs, JHA and
PSI according to jurisdictional requirements
A-3.01.07
check material received against work orders and specifications
A-3.01.08
obtain jobsite work permits for activities such as excavation, hot work and
confined space entry
- 16 -
Sub-task
A-3.02
NL
NV
Communicates with others.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-3.02.01
acquire information through questioning
A-3.02.02
use communication systems such as hand held radios, international hand
signals, posted signs and ribbons for control zones
A-3.02.03
share knowledge and experience with others including mentoring
A-3.02.04
consult with supervisors, coworkers, other trades people and AHJ
A-3.02.05
share PSI documentation
A-3.02.06
participate in jobsite meetings such as tailgates and other safety meetings
Task 4
Performs routine trade activities.
Construction craft workers perform various routine tasks throughout all
major areas of the trade. Establishing and maintaining grades and
elevations is an important part of a construction craft worker’s duties.
Context
Some of the activities within this section, especially using grades and
elevations, and traffic control require specialized training or
certification. Traffic control applies to vehicular, pedestrian and coworker traffic.
Required Knowledge
K1
types of materials such as lumber, soil, piping, concrete and masonry units
K2
required and available storage area such as lay down areas, sea cans and tool
cribs
K3
effects of environmental and chemical exposure on workers and materials
K4
manual lifting procedures
K5
equipment such as forklifts, wheelbarrows and telescoping booms
K6
types of hoarding material such as insulated tarpaulins, polyethylene and
plywood
K7
applications of hoarding/enclosures such as enclosing scaffolding, concrete
formwork and soil
- 17 -
K8
environmental conditions such as wind, snow and rain, and their potential
impact
K9
types of framework for hoarding/enclosures such as scaffolding, existing
structures and wood
K 10
types of membranes such as polyethylene, waterproofing membranes and
landscaping fabric
K 11
membrane application methods such as gluing, torching and spraying
K 12
types of insulating materials such as styrofoam, fireproofing materials, straw
and fiberglass
K 13
applications of insulating materials such as preventing underground piping,
sewers and concrete from freezing
K 14
manufacturers’ and engineering specifications
K 15
job requirements for insulation
K 16
applications where grades and elevations must be established such as
roadwork, utilities and concrete placement
K 17
required grades and elevations according to plans and specifications
K 18
types of temporary benchmarks such as marks on fire hydrants, nail and
ribbon, and grade stakes
K 19
use of permanent monuments and benchmarks
K 20
worksites requiring traffic control such as roadwork, utility installation and
concrete placement
K 21
types of travel restrictive systems such as barricades, flagging and barriers
K 22
regulations regarding traffic control
K 23
training and certification requirements
K 24
fencing types such as snow, chain link, silt and temporary
K 25
applications that require fencing such as limiting access, environmental
protection and security purposes
- 18 -
Sub-task
A-4.01
NL
NV
Handles construction materials.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-4.01.01
load and unload project materials, and secure for transport
A-4.01.02
handle, store and secure materials such as propane cylinders and oxyacetylene tanks according to regulations
A-4.01.03
store materials such as lumber, formwork and masonry products for easy
access and egress
A-4.01.04
maintain a continuous supply of materials to ensure efficient flow of work
Sub-task
A-4.02
NL
NV
Performs site housekeeping and maintenance.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-4.02.01
select and use housekeeping tools and equipment such as brooms, shovels,
skidsteers and garbage bins
A-4.02.02
pick up loose material for recycling and garbage
A-4.02.03
control dust using dust control measures such as water, calcium and
sweeping compound
A-4.02.04
clear walkways, platforms, entrances/exits, stairways and parking area of
snow, ice, water and mud, using water pumps, sand and skidsteers
A-4.02.05
clean trailers and washrooms to maintain a healthy environment for all
workers
A-4.02.06
supply fresh drinking water and maintain coolers for workers
A-4.02.07
maintain spill kits and drip pans ensuring fully stocked in case of spill
A-4.02.08
check, tag and replace fire extinguishers as needed
- 19 -
Sub-task
A-4.03
NL
NV
Erects hoarding/enclosures.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-4.03.01
cover hoarding/enclosures such as concrete piles, scaffolding and concrete
pours with materials such as insulated tarps, polyethylene and screening
A-4.03.02
secure hoarding/enclosures with materials such as wire, nails, rope, cable and
weights
A-4.03.03
install access and egress to hoarding/enclosures according to engineers
specifications
A-4.03.04
provide heat and ventilation in hoarding/enclosures according to code
A-4.03.05
dismantle hoarding/enclosures
A-4.03.06
identify when hoarding/enclosure becomes a confined space
Sub-task
A-4.04
NL
NV
Installs membranes.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-4.04.01
inspect walls for deformities prior to installation to ensure placement and
adhesion
A-4.04.02
prepare concrete using methods such as “roughing up”, washing, grinding
high spots and priming
A-4.03.03
apply membranes according to manufacturers’ specifications
A-4.03.04
protect membranes with materials such as treated wood, styrofoam and
fiberboard according to job specifications
- 20 -
Sub-task
A-4.05
NL
NV
Installs insulating materials.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-4.05.01
select and use tools and equipment such as powder-actuated tools, trowels,
hammers and drills
A-4.05.02
cut, secure and tape insulating materials according to manufacturers’ and job
specifications
A-4.05.03
apply insulation according to manufacturers’ and job specifications
Sub-task
A-4.06
NL
NV
Establishes grades and elevations.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-4.06.01
find monuments and benchmarks according to engineering blueprint
A-4.06.02
select and use tools and equipment such as metal detectors, builders’ and
laser levels
A-4.06.03
assist surveyor to establish sub-grade and final-grade according to
engineered blueprints
A-4.06.04
establish temporary benchmarks
A-4.06.05
work from temporary benchmarks to set up elevations, slopes and layouts
- 21 -
Sub-task
A-4.07
NL
NV
Performs traffic control.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-4.07.01
control pedestrian and vehicular traffic on work site
A-4.07.02
install temporary signs, signals, pylons, barriers and barricades according to
job specifications and AHJ
A-4.07.03
instruct and place flagpersons according to jurisdictional regulations
A-4.07.04
drive pilot vehicle through construction area and communicate with
flagpersons by radio to ensure flow of traffic
A-4.07.05
set up detours and closures for vehicles and pedestrians according to job
specifications
Sub-task
A-4.08
NL
NV
Installs permanent and temporary fencing.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
A-4.08.01
select and locate fencing for application and according to engineering and job
specifications
A-4.08.02
select and use tools and equipment such as augers, skidsteers, post pounders
and backfill equipment
A-4.08.03
place and secure permanent posts and fencing such as wood, chain-link,
sound barriers, metal and vinyl using anchors and backfill materials
according to engineering specifications
A-4.08.04
place and secure temporary fencing such as snow, silt, metal, wood and net
using existing structures, anchors and backfill materials to protect and secure
workers and public according to job specifications
A-4.08.05
construct temporary guardrails and covered walkways according to job
specifications
- 22 -
BLOCK B
SITE WORK
Trends
New technology requires a broader range of knowledge and skills. This
increases the training necessary for construction craft workers to
perform their tasks.
Safety concerns within the industry are leading to increased safetyrelated duties such as monitoring hazardous environments and
confined spaces.
Stricter environmental regulations are changing the way construction
material is handled. This requires more stringent methods for the
disposal and recycling of existing material or components.
Related
Components
All components apply.
Tools and
Equipment
See Appendix A.
Task 5
Prepares site.
Construction craft workers are the first and last workers on a
construction site. They clear sites and set up temporary facilities and
utilities, allowing other trades to perform their tasks. This is also called
mobilization.
Context
If required, depending on soil conditions, pilings are placed after the
site is cleared.
Required Knowledge
K1
jurisdictional regulations
K2
safe work permit requirements
K3
environmental requirements
K4
pre-existing site conditions and existing utilities
K5
work site and set-up requirements such as locations of temporary buildings
and fencing
K6
employer requirements such as pre-JHA and safety considerations
K7
areas to protect prior to work being performed
- 23 -
K8
location of pilings such as on land or in water
K9
safety and rescue regulations and requirements
K 10
soil types and their designations
K 11
types of machinery such as pile drivers, pile drillers and cranes
K 12
types of pilings such as concrete, H-beam, sheet and steel
K 13
rigging requirements
K 14
colour codes of flags or stakes
Sub-task
B-5.01
NL
NV
Clears site.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-5.01.01
select and use tools and equipment such as chain saws, surveying equipment,
shovels, drills and picks
B-5.01.02
interpret colour-coded flags and markers used to locate utilities
B-5.01.03
bring site to working condition by performing actions such as removing
buildings, debris and material, clearing brush, moving dirt and rocks, and
stripping existing asphalt and concrete
Sub-task
B-5.02
NL
NV
Sets up site facilities.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-5.02.01
select and use tools and equipment such as shovels, rakes, wrenches, chains
and telescopic forklifts (telehandlers)
B-5.02.02
determine site layout taking into consideration excavations and location of
buildings
B-5.02.03
strategically place and level facilities such as work and warehouse trailers,
lunch rooms and washrooms according to jobsite specifications
B-5.02.04
install stairs and temporary connecting platforms to trailers according to
specifications
- 24 -
B-5.02.05
assist other certified tradespersons in the set-up of temporary utilities such as
water, sewer and electrical
B-5.02.06
place safety equipment such as fire extinguishers, eye wash stations and first
aid kits in specified locations
B-5.02.07
set up equipment such as photocopiers, tables, chairs and refrigerators
B-5.02.08
display site permits in specific location such as main site office or main gate
B-5.02.09
set up muster points and emergency meeting points
Sub-task
B-5.03
NL
NV
Assists in installation of pilings.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-5.03.01
assist in setting up, refueling and dismantling piling machines
B-5.03.02
set up machinery by connecting hoses and compressors
B-5.03.03
establish and set up a safe work area
B-5.03.04
adjust to changing work environments such as working on boats and barges,
and off sheet pilings
B-5.03.05
select and use tools and equipment such as measuring tapes, levels, grinders
and cutting torches
B-5.03.06
assist with drilling piling holes and clear debris out according to job
specifications
B-5.03.07
measure, modify and place rebar cages in pile holes
B-5.03.08
direct machine operator to install pilings into position using piling machine
according to site specifications
B-5.03.09
inspect piles to ensure they are plumb and in position using leveling
instruments
B-5.03.10
inform supervisors of problems as they arise and provide progress report
- 25 -
Sub-task
B-5.04
NL
NV
Builds access and egress roads.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-5.04.01
select and use tools and equipment such as compaction equipment and hand
tools
B-5.04.02
assist in removing existing material such as soil or gravel down to hard pan
B-5.04.03
select material according to specifications for road base, backfill and grades
B-5.04.04
compact road according to site specifications
B-5.04.05
guide road building machinery including installing offset stake lines and
benchmarks
Task 6
Performs ground work.
Ground work is done on ICI, residential, and civil sites (roads, bridges,
railways).
Context
Excavation is a procedure to break ground, remove existing material
and allow components to be installed within the excavation site.
Backfilling is the activity of filling an excavation.
Compaction is an action required to consolidate backfill.
Required Knowledge
K1
safe work and excavation permit requirements
K2
soil conditions
K3
pre-existing site conditions and existing utilities
K4
jurisdictional regulations
K5
types of soil such as clay, sand and gravel
K6
reclamation of contaminated soils
K7
types of sub-grades
K8
depth and angle of repose of excavation and trench
K9
certification and inspection requirements for shoring and trench boxes (cages)
K 10
types of shoring such as sheet pilings, wood structures, steel structures and
trench boxes
- 26 -
K 11
types of material used for backfill such as gravel, sand and fill-crete
K 12
type and thickness of finished road surface to be placed
K 13
moisture content and compaction rates
K 14
required equipment and corresponding safety requirements
K 15
use of water during compaction
K 16
rigging and hoisting procedures for lifting shoring
Sub-task
B-6.01
NL
NV
Locates underground utilities.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-6.01.01
select and use tools and equipment such as scan and hand tools, and mobile
equipment
B-6.01.02
identify type and depth of underground utilities using scan tools and “call
before you dig” services
B-6.01.03
interpret meaning of colour-coded flags or stakes to identify type and area of
utilities
B-6.01.04
interpret as-built drawings for underground utility locations
B-6.01.05
expose utilities by hand digging (daylighting), using hydro-vac equipment
and by assisting machine operator in removal of soil
Sub-task
B-6.02
NL
NV
Performs excavation.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-6.02.01
select and use tools and equipment such as shovels, pick axes, levels, lasers,
mini excavators and skidsteers
B-6.02.02
use excavation methods according to application
B-6.02.03
guide heavy equipment operator to accomplish required tasks such as
digging to required depth and slope
B-6.02.04
perform hand excavations and machine-assisted excavations
- 27 -
B-6.02.05
install temporary access and egress to trenches and other excavations
B-6.02.06
take measurements of excavations to ensure size, depth and slope of
excavation are according to job and OH&S specifications
Sub-task
B-6.03
NL
NV
Installs excavation shoring.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-6.03.01
select and use tools and equipment such as shovels, chain saws and mobile
equipment
B-6.03.02
assemble and place shoring and trench boxes (cage) according to
jurisdictional regulations
B-6.03.03
guide heavy equipment operator to accomplish required tasks such as
picking up shoring and digging to required depth
B-6.03.04
install temporary access and egress to excavation
Sub-task
B-6.04
NL
NV
Performs backfill and compaction.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-6.04.01
select and use tools and equipment such as compacting, mobile and
measuring equipment, and shovels
B-6.04.02
assess type and amount of backfill material needed according to dimension of
excavation
B-6.04.03
install excavation components such as weeping tiles, culverts, manholes and
piping
B-6.04.04
guide heavy equipment operator in operations such as finishing roadwork
sub-grade and compactable lifts
B-6.04.05
follow backfill and compaction procedures according to applications such as
covering utilities, installing shoring and preparing to pour concrete, and to
meet job specifications
- 28 -
Task 7
Services site.
Construction craft workers perform general maintenance activities. This
helps to ensure a safe, clean and efficient workplace within
jurisdictional regulations and jobsite-specific rules.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
materials used in construction
K2
WHMIS
K3
company- or site-specific procedures for controlled materials
K4
types of facilities to be cleaned and corresponding procedures to be used
K5
hazards associated with cleaning products
K6
hazardous materials such as oil, radiation, liquids, plutonium, asbestos, leadbased materials, silica in concrete and bio-hazards
K7
types of PPE required
K8
jurisdictional regulations regarding handling hazardous materials, recycling
and noise levels
K9
site-specific rules regarding handling hazardous materials, recycling and
vaccination
K 10
uses of settling ponds
K 11
types of temporary lighting such as string lights, quartz lighting, light plants
and tower lights
K 12
installation and maintenance procedures for temporary lighting
K 13
GFCI use
K 14
training and certification requirements
K 15
types of fuel used in generators and compressors such as gas and diesel
K 16
sizes and uses of generators and compressors
K 17
ventilation requirements
K 18
start-up and shut-down procedures for generators and compressors
K 19
site conditions
K 20
areas protected prior to work being performed
K 21
activities that require additional protection such as controlled zones and
shielding
K 22
types of restoration activities such as replacing landscaping and replacing
removed material and equipment
K 23
tools, equipment, supplies and consumables
- 29 -
K 24
security requirements for tool crib
K 25
materials that can be recycled
Sub-task
B-7.01
NL
NV
Addresses suspected hazardous materials.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-7.01.01
select and use tools and equipment such as PPE, spill kits, hand tools and
mobile equipment
B-7.01.02
identify hazardous materials
B-7.01.03
handle, store and dispose of hazardous materials according to established
procedures and jurisdictional regulations
B-7.01.04
clean spill by using spill kit according to type of hazardous material
B-7.01.05
notify appropriate authority according to jurisdictional regulations
Sub-task
B-7.02
NL
NV
Controls water runoff.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-7.02.01
select and use tools and equipment such as hand tools, pumps and mobile
equipment
B-7.02.02
select environmental material such as silt fencing, filtered cloths and straw
bales
B-7.02.03
apply preventative measures such as installing silt fencing, filtered cloths and
other barriers to prevent environmental contamination or to control damage
B-7.02.04
assist in building settling ponds, dig trenches and build berms to direct water
runoff
- 30 -
Sub-task
B-7.03
NL
NV
Sets up temporary lighting.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-7.03.01
select and use tools and equipment such as mobile equipment and hand tools
B-7.03.02
level and stabilize tower lights
B-7.03.03
inspect and maintain temporary lighting according to manufacturers’
specifications
B-7.03.04
start and maintain gas- or diesel-powered light plants (tower lights) and
string lights according to manufacturers’ specifications and jurisdictional
regulations
Sub-task
B-7.04
NL
NV
Sets up generators and compressors.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-7.04.01
select spill tray to prevent spills according to environmental regulations
B-7.04.02
maintain generators and compressors according to manufacturers’
specifications using methods such as checking oil and fuel levels, replacing
valve handles and bleeding condensation from tank
B-7.04.03
position and level generators and compressors
B-7.04.04
connect compressor fittings such as quick couplings, air hoses and safety
pins, according to specifications
B-7.04.05
interpret and adjust gauges on compressors
B-7.04.06
select attachment hoses and appropriate whip checks
B-7.04.07
select and place compressors and attachments used for tool operation
ensuring adequate ventilation
- 31 -
Sub-task
B-7.05
NL
NV
Performs site restoration.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-7.05.01
refer to documentation of original conditions of jobsite for restoration and
other purposes
B-7.05.02
select and use tools and equipment such as hand tools and mobile equipment
B-7.05.03
return site to original condition within acceptable parameters by performing
activities such as landscaping and replacing removed material and
equipment
Sub-task
B-7.06
NL
NV
Manages tool crib.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
Key Competencies
B-7.06.01
organize tool crib
B-7.06.02
sign out and sign in tools and equipment manually or electronically
B-7.06.03
inspect and maintain tools and equipment and do minor repairs
B-7.06.04
perform inventory control
- 32 -
NU
ND
Sub-task
B-7.07
NL
NV
Recycles materials.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-7.07.01
sort and store recycled materials such as cardboard, plastics, glass, reclaimed
concrete and metals in designated area according to jurisdictional regulations
and jobsite specifications
B-7.07.02
organize recycled materials for shipping
B-7.07.03
identify materials that can be reused onsite such as forms, plywood, lumber
and steel
Task 8
Performs basic demolition.
Construction craft workers dismantle and remove components,
structures and buildings on ICI, residential, and civil sites. The process
of dismantling changes according to site rules and conditions. Some
construction craft workers can specialize in areas such as hazardous
waste demolition or hydro-demolition.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
types of material being cut
K2
types of cutting techniques according to application
K3
dismantling techniques
K4
hazards associated with cutting material
K5
jurisdictional regulations and jobsite rules
K6
safety equipment and PPE required
K7
operating methods of oxy-acetylene and propane torches such as selecting tip
types, setting regulators and igniting
K8
material to be removed from specific jobsites
K9
removal techniques according to application
- 33 -
Sub-task
B-8.01
NL
NV
Cuts materials.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-8.01.01
select and use cutting tools and equipment such as torches, grinders and
saws
B-8.01.02
read gauges on oxy-acetylene torches and apply spark-control methods
B-8.01.03
select attachments for cutting tools and equipment taking into consideration
the thickness and type of material being cut
B-8.01.04
select and use dust control methods to keep dust levels within permissible
limits
B-8.01.05
turn off utilities such as water and electrical
B-8.01.06
verify electrical systems to ensure they are de-energized, and lock out and tag
out equipment
Sub-task
B-8.02
NL
NV
Dismantles existing structures and components.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-8.02.01
select and use tools and equipment such as hand tools and mobile equipment
B-8.02.02
select attachments for tools and equipment such as jackhammer bits, spade
bits and saw blades
B-8.02.03
recognize load bearing walls and other structural components
B-8.02.04
set up chutes, drop areas and bins for disposal of material
B-8.02.05
recognize hazardous materials such as radioactive and lead-based materials,
asbestos and silica in concrete
B-8.02.06
set up containment areas and establish PPE requirements for handling
hazardous materials
B-8.02.07
isolate or lock out and tag out utilities such as water and electrical
B-8.02.08
verify electrical systems to ensure they are de-energized
- 34 -
Task 9
Performs safety watches.
Safety watches are done by construction craft workers when co-workers
are working in conditions that require monitoring. In some areas,
performing these tasks may require additional training and certification.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
types and characteristics of gases such as hydrogen sulphide (H 2 S), carbon
monoxide (CO) and methane (lower explosion limit [LEL] and upper
explosion limit [UEL])
K2
areas to be monitored
K3
types of monitoring equipment
K4
PPE and safety equipment
K5
permissible exposure levels
K6
time weighted averages
K7
jurisdictional regulations and site-specific rules
K8
evacuation plans
K9
area where work is being performed and equipment in use in the area
K 10
work being performed such as welding, cutting, grinding and media blasting
K 11
combustible and non-combustible materials
K 12
types of compressed gases that need to be monitored such as breathable air
and propane
K 13
meaning of gauge readings
K 14
what defines a confined space according to jurisdictional regulations, or site
rules and specifications
K 15
training and certification required to perform confined space watch and
bottle watch duties
K 16
characteristics of the areas to be monitored
K 17
emergency rescue and evacuation plans
K 18
rescue and evacuation equipment such as tripods, harnesses and lifelines
K 19
communication methods such as hand signals, rope signals and using radios
K 20
entry permits and certification requirements such as TDG and propane
K 21
types of heaters such as propane, electric, radiant and glycol
K 22
fire watch procedures
- 35 -
Sub-task
B-9.01
NL
NV
Monitors hazardous gases.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-9.01.01
select and use monitoring equipment and gas testers (sniffer)
B-9.01.02
function check monitoring equipment according to manufacturers’
specifications and AHJ
B-9.01.03
interpret readings and alarms on monitoring equipment
B-9.01.04
document readings and alert others when atmospheric conditions change
Sub-task
B-9.02
NL
NV
Performs fire watch.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-9.02.01
select and use tools and equipment such as fire extinguishing equipment, fire
blankets and monitors
B-9.02.02
assess conditions and apply measures such as using fire extinguishers,
alerting others to evacuate jobsite and calling emergency services
Sub-task
B-9.03
NL
NV
Performs bottle watch.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-9.03.01
select and use tools and equipment such as hand and mobile tools
B-9.03.02
read and understand gauge readings to recognize when bottles need to be
changed or when alternate sources need to be activated
B-9.03.03
change bottles when they are getting near critical levels
B-9.03.04
communicate to confined space attendee of changed or changing conditions
- 36 -
Sub-task
B-9.04
NL
NV
Performs confined space watch.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
B-9.04.01
use confined space entry and safety equipment
B-9.04.02
select and use tools such as monitoring equipment
B-9.04.03
function check monitoring equipment according to manufacturers’
specifications and AHJ
B-9.04.04
interpret readings and alarms on monitoring equipment
B-9.04.05
ventilate or purge confined space to remove hazardous gas and test air
quality
B-9.04.06
alert others of changes in working conditions such as atmospheric changes,
environmental changes and hazardous activities around work area
B-9.04.07
record readings
B-9.04.08
assess conditions and apply appropriate measures such as calling emergency
and rescue services, and following a pre-determined rescue plan
Sub-task
B-9.05
NL
NV
Monitors heaters.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
Key Competencies
B-9.05.01
read and understand readings from gauges and hand-held digital
thermometers
B-9.05.02
select heaters according to application
B-9.05.03
keep heaters operating taking into consideration temperature and
applications
B-9.05.04
inspect heaters and their surroundings for leaks
B-9.05.05
recognize hazards of using heaters such as poor air circulation, melting
tarpaulins, fires and leaks
B-9.05.06
maintain heaters according to manufacturers’ specifications
- 37 -
NU
ND
SCAFFOLDING AND ACCESS EQUIPMENT
BLOCK C
Trends
Scaffolding and ladders are being constructed with lighter and stronger
materials. They are designed for easier setup and use.
New designs of scaffolding and access equipment such as mast climber
scaffolding systems are becoming more common.
Power elevated platforms have been introduced with longer reach and
more mechanized equipment. They have more safety features such as
warning signals and automatic stops for unsafe operating conditions.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Scaffolding: platforms, cross bracing, base plates, screw jacks,
outriggers, brackets, safety pins, tubes, clamps, beam clamps,
aluminum beams, bolts, castors, u-heads, legs, wheels, safety gates.
Ladders: extension, platform, stepladders.
Power elevated work platforms: scissor lifts, manlifts, swing stages,
articulating booms.
See Appendix A.
Tools and
Equipment
Task 10
Uses scaffolding.
Scaffolding is used as a work platform to access work areas at heights. It
is important for construction craft workers to be competent in its use to
perform many of their tasks safely. It can also be used as overhead
protection and to frame hoarding/enclosures.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
applicable jurisdictional codes and regulations, and jobsite specific rules
K2
types of scaffolding such as systems, baker’s, frame and brace, mast climber
system, and tube and clamp
K3
mobile and stationary scaffolding
K4
brace and platform sizes
K5
scaffolding components such as clamps (swivel and right-angle), hardware,
planking, outriggers and fasteners
K6
overhang limitations when working with planking
K7
tagging requirements for access
- 38 -
K8
safety inspection requirements for scaffolding
K9
knot tying techniques
K 10
communication methods such as hand signals, rope signals and using radios
K 11
maintenance requirements
K 12
PPE and safety equipment
Sub-task
C-10.01
NL
NV
Erects scaffolding.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
C-10.01.01
select and use tools and equipment such as levels, wrenches, sockets, drills
and hammers
C-10.01.02
interpret engineered plan
C-10.01.03
select scaffolding according to job specifications
C-10.01.04
fasten scaffolding components by aligning scaffold connectors
C-10.01.05
select and install bracing for the specific job
C-10.01.06
secure scaffolding for stability according to manufacturers’ and engineering
specifications
C-10.01.07
determine location of scaffolding taking into consideration obstacles such as
stairwells, open holes and columns
C-10.01.08
secure and level base using methods such as installing mud sills and bases,
outriggers and shimming
C-10.01.09
raise scaffolding components using manual and mechanical techniques
C-10.01.10
place and use counterweights, and secure scaffold systems
C-10.01.11
tag scaffolding to indicate readiness
- 39 -
Sub-task
C-10.02
NL
NV
Inspects scaffolding.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
C-10.02.01
visually check welds, bracing components and planks for damages and faults
C-10.02.02
visually identify faults such as stress cracks, warps, and bent bracing and
frames
C-10.02.03
tag components for repair or replacement
C-10.02.04
remove defective components and scaffolding from service
C-10.02.05
maintain platforms by visually checking for defects
Sub-task
C-10.03
NL
NV
Maintains scaffolding.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
C-10.03.01
select and use cleaning tools such as wire brushes, scrapers, hammers and
shovels
C-10.03.02
clean scaffolding by removing debris, tools and materials
C-10.03.03
lubricate motorized and mechanical scaffolding
- 40 -
Sub-task
C-10.04
NL
NV
Tends to scaffold erectors.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
C-10.04.01
recognize brace and platform sizes for specific work deck
C-10.04.02
select and use tools and equipment such as measuring tapes, wedges, levels,
adjustable wrenches, hammers and mobile equipment
C-10.04.03
pass tools, equipment and components to scaffold erectors
Sub-task
C-10.05
NL
NV
Dismantles scaffolding.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
C-10.05.01
select and use tools and equipment such as adjustable wrenches, hammers,
personnel lifts and pry bars
C-10.05.02
determine starting point and follow procedure for dismantling
C-10.05.03
lower scaffolding components using techniques such as hand bombing and
rigging
C-10.05.04
inventory, organize, stack and band scaffolding components in designated
area for shipping
- 41 -
Task 11
Uses access equipment.
Access equipment includes ladders as well as power elevated work
platforms. It is used to access work areas at heights and for ease of
mobility. It is important for construction craft workers to be competent
in its use to perform many of their tasks safely.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
types of ladders such as extension, platform and stepladder
K2
jurisdictional regulations for using ladders such as placement, 3-point
contact, overhang, tie-off and kickplates
K3
capabilities and applications of types of ladders
K4
limitations and hazards of using ladders
K5
types of power-elevated work platforms such as mast climber systems,
scissor lifts, boom lifts and swing stages
K6
training and certification requirements
K7
limitations and procedures for use of power-elevated work platforms
K8
weight capacities of power-elevated work platforms and extensions
K9
applicable jurisdictional codes and regulations
K 10
PPE and safety equipment
K 11
safety inspection requirements for power-elevated work platforms
K 12
location of gas/propane switches and emergency switches on power-elevated
work platforms
Sub-task
C-11.01
NL
NV
Uses ladders.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
Key Competencies
C-11.01.01
select ladder according to application
C-11.01.02
set ladder according to slope ratio and overhang requirements
C-11.01.03
assess and prepare the ground before using ladder
C-11.01.04
tie-off ladder at top and bottom according to OH&S regulations
C-11.01.05
use three-point contact when climbing and working on ladder
- 42 -
YT
ND
NU
ND
Sub-task
C-11.02
NL
NV
Uses power-elevated work platforms.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
C-11.02.01
assess and prepare the ground before using power-elevated work platforms
C-11.02.02
perform a pre-trip inspection and ensure work area is clear of material,
equipment and debris
C-11.02.03
operate power-elevated work platform by using controls such as boomup/boom-down, telescoping and drive controls
C-11.02.04
set and use outriggers and pads to stabilize the power-elevated work
platform
C-11.02.05
use counterweights on support beams for swing stages to ensure ratio of load
for the suspended work platform
Sub-task
C-11.03
NL
NV
Inspects access equipment.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
C-11.03.01
visually examine components such as hydraulic lines, batteries, nuts, bolts,
cables, outriggers and work platforms, before and after use
C-11.03.02
identify faults such as cracking, leaks in lines, corrosion, fraying cables, and
deflated or damaged tires
C-11.03.03
identify ladder defects such as bent rungs, split rails and cracks
C-11.03.04
tag components for repair or replacement
C-11.03.05
check emergency shut-off to ensure it is operational
- 43 -
Sub-task
C-11.04
NL
NV
Maintains access equipment.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
C-11.04.01
clean work platforms and ladder rungs
C-11.04.02
lubricate power-elevated work platform components
C-11.04.03
maintain fluids such as hydraulic fluids and oils
C-11.04.04
maintain equipment batteries by charging and maintaining water level
C-11.04.05
refuel gas- and diesel-powered work platforms
C-11.04.06
activate locking arm to prevent access equipment from descending during
maintenance
- 44 -
BLOCK D
CONCRETE WORK
Trends
New materials used to construct forms are available to make them
lighter and easier to use and to improve productivity and longevity. For
example, aluminium, fibreglass and plastic forms are being used in
commercial and residential applications. Use of insulated concrete
forms (ICF) is becoming more popular because of its energy efficiency.
Concrete is increasingly used for aesthetic applications such as
countertops and signage.
Related
Components
Formwork: shoring, shoring hardware, bracing, mud sills, strongbacks,
turnbuckles, walers, clamps, wedges, ties, clips, embeds.
(including, but not
limited to)
Concrete, grout, epoxies, caulking, admixtures (plasticizers,
accelerators, colours, hardeners), bonding agents, acids, polyethylene,
burlap, curing compounds, sealers, form release agents.
Tools and
Equipment
See Appendix A.
Task 12
Forms concrete.
Concrete forms are the beginning structure in most construction
projects. They are used for architectural and structural applications.
They hold and support concrete until it is set.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
types of shoring such as fixed, telescoping and scaffold
K2
shoring hardware such as anchor pins, spring clips and base plates
K3
shoring ratings and regulations
K4
spacing of shoring
K5
types of forms such as steel, handset (loose), fly table, fly form and void (for
openings)
K6
formwork components such as bracing, shoring, falsework, strongbacks,
turnbuckles, walers, clamps, wedges, ties and clips
K7
ratings and applications of types of formwork
K8
materials used to create forms
- 45 -
K9
locations requiring inspection such as steps, bulkheads and corners
K 10
dismantling procedures and sequences
Sub-task
D-12.01
NL
NV
NS
NV
Installs formwork and shoring.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-12.01.01
select and use tools and equipment such as measuring tapes, hammers,
levels, plumb bobs and saws
D-12.01.02
verify location and size of concrete structure such as walls, slabs and columns
to be poured according to job specifications
D-12.01.03
verify formwork system to be used such as wooden panels, pre-fabricated,
free-form, metal fabricated and ICF
D-12.01.04
determine installation procedures and materials required according to job
and manufacturers’ specifications
D-12.01.05
assemble and fasten formwork components according to manufacturers’ or
engineering specifications
D-12.01.06
recognize and correct defects in formwork such as misalignment and spacing
D-12.01.07
modify formwork to accommodate design alterations
D-12.01.08
apply form release agents to prevent damage and for ease of releasing
formwork
D-12.01.09
install shoring and bracing according to specifications to support concrete
structures
D-12.01.10
secure shoring near slab edge
D-12.01.11
adjust shoring as required according to engineering specifications
D-12.01.12
plumb and straighten walls using bracing and turnbuckles
- 46 -
Sub-task
D-12.02
NL
NV
NS
NV
Inspects assembled formwork.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-12.02.01
select and use measuring tools such as measuring tapes and levels
D-12.02.02
recognize defects in formwork such as misalignment and spacing
D-12.02.03
verify elevations and layout such as location of rough bucks (door openings),
window block outs and beam pockets
D-12.02.04
check all shoring and bracing to ensure formwork is secure, plumb and stable
according to job specifications
Sub-task
D-12.03
NL
NV
NS
NV
Dismantles formwork.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-12.03.01
prepare plan for dismantling formwork considering factors such as starting
point, sequence and placement of material
D-12.03.02
select and use tools and equipment such as pry bars, wrenches and hammers
D-12.03.03
remove fasteners such as nails, bolts and formwork components while
ensuring formwork does not fall by leaving some ties in place
D-12.03.04
stack components for reuse or transport
- 47 -
Sub-task
D-12.04
NL
NV
NS
NV
Maintains formwork.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-12.04.01
inspect disassembled formwork components for deficiencies and damage
D-12.04.02
select and use tools and equipment such as grinders for metal formwork,
rollers and sprayers
D-12.04.03
scrape and clean formwork components
D-12.04.04
apply form release agents or materials
D-12.04.05
grease taper ties to facilitate ease of removal
D-12.04.06
place formwork in designated lay down area
Task 13
Places and finishes concrete.
Proper mixing of concrete is very important to ensure the desired
strength and consistency. Concrete needs to be transported for
installation using methods such as concrete pumps, line pumps and
cranes. Placing of the concrete includes pouring, vibrating to eliminate
voids and establishing a rough-grade. It is then finished to achieve the
final grade and appearance. Concrete cures by holding moisture; it is
important to keep concrete hydrated during this curing process to avoid
shrinkage and cracking.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
types of concrete and their uses such as air entrained, shotcrete and high flow
K2
strengths of concrete and slump
K3
concrete aggregates
K4
concrete additives such as plasticizers, accelerators and retarders
K5
access and egress considerations
K6
components such as dowels, safety lines, key ways, anchor bolts and steel
plates
K7
component installation methods for freshly placed concrete such as wet
dowelling and installing anchor bolts
- 48 -
K8
cured concrete component installation methods such as drilling, chipping and
saw cuts
K9
pour rates
K 10
concrete transportation and placing equipment such as line pumps and boom
pumps
K 11
height from which concrete may be placed
K 12
surface preparation requirements
K 13
types of finishes such as hard float, broomed, polished, exposed aggregate
and burn finish
K 14
finishing processes such as floating, trowelling and edging
K 15
timing for finishing processes
K 16
weather and environmental conditions such as heat, cold, exhaust fumes and
dust that may affect the curing process
K 17
rate of curing time
K 18
PPE and safety equipment
Sub-task
D-13.01
NL
NV
NS
NV
Mixes concrete.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-13.01.01
select and use tools and equipment such as mixers, drills, mixing paddles,
pails and trowels
D-13.01.02
select materials such as aggregates, water and cement
D-13.01.03
mix according to work schedule and weather conditions
D-13.01.04
use additives such as pigments, accelerators and retarders according to
specifications
D-13.01.05
combine ingredients according to predetermined instructions such as ratios,
mixing times and compatibilities
- 49 -
Sub-task
D-13.02
NL
NV
NS
NV
Transports concrete on site.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-13.02.01
plan placement of the concrete truck
D-13.02.02
plan route from truck to site of placement to avoid obstacles and to allow for
ease of access
D-13.02.03
select, position and use transporting equipment such as wheelbarrows,
concrete pumps, power buggies, concrete buckets and skidsteers
D-13.02.04
monitor and communicate the rate of pour
Sub-task
D-13.03
NL
NV
NS
NV
Places concrete.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-13.03.01
select and use tools and equipment such as concrete vibrators, stationary
pumps, rakes, shovels and screeding tools
D-13.03.02
plan the sequence of placement
D-13.03.03
monitor and communicate the rate of pour
D-13.03.04
vibrate, spread and screed floor slabs to desired height or level
D-13.03.05
place and vibrate wall to desired height
D-13.03.06
ensure level pour with methods such as wet screeding, using tools and
equipment such as height sticks, laser levels and grade nails
D-13.03.07
recognize and rectify surface irregularities such as dips, high spots and holes
- 50 -
Sub-task
D-13.04
NL
NV
NS
NV
Installs components in concrete.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-13.04.01
select and use tools and equipment such as measuring tapes, string lines,
hammers, levels and drills
D-13.04.02
measure, lay out and position components such as anchor plates, anchor
bolts, water stops, control joints, key ways and reinforcing material,
according to specifications
Sub-task
D-13.05
NL
NV
NS
NV
Assists with finishing concrete.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-13.05.01
select and use finishing tools and equipment such as floats, hand trowels,
power trowels, edgers and brooms
D-13.05.02
work concrete at different stages of setting with various finishing tools to
reach desired finish according to job specifications
- 51 -
Sub-task
D-13.06
NL
NV
NS
NV
Controls concrete curing process.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-13.06.01
hydrate concrete using materials and equipment such as burlap,
polyethylene, soaker hoses and sprinklers to control curing process according
to specifications and weather conditions
D-13.06.02
trap moisture in concrete to avoid evaporation using curing compounds
D-13.06.03
prevent heat loss and freezing in cold weather by using insulated tarps or
heaters
D-13.06.04
use squeegees, power vac and other methods to control bleed water
Task 14
Modifies concrete.
Concrete may be modified after it has been installed. These tasks may
be done to create openings, maintain structural integrity, control
expansion and contraction or simply for aesthetic reasons.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
wet and dry drilling/coring procedures
K2
types and properties of concrete to be drilled/cored
K3
reasons for drilling/coring concrete such as adding components, running
sleeves, fastening items and demolition
K4
embedded items such as water lines, electrical conduit and rebar
K5
products and chemical agents used for repair and refinishing such as bonding
agents, epoxies, grout, patching materials and acids
K6
deficiencies in concrete that can be repaired
K7
finishing requirements
K8
reasons for installing concrete joints
K9
types of joints such as expansion, control and isolation
K 10
depth and spacing of joints
K 11
types of cuts such as green cuts, wet cuts and dry cuts
- 52 -
K 12
refinishing methods such as painting, epoxy coating, parging, acid staining
and acid etching
K 13
PPE and safety equipment
Sub-task
D-14.01
NL
NV
NS
NV
Drills/cores concrete.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-14.01.01
select tools and equipment such as core and rotary hammer drills and their
bits
D-14.01.02
lay out and mark hole according to specifications
D-14.01.03
verify embedded items in concrete such as post tension cables, rebar and
conduit by x-ray or blueprints
D-14.01.04
anchor base of core drill
D-14.01.05
listen and feel for obstructions during drilling process
D-14.01.06
control speed, pressure and water flow during drilling process
D-14.01.07
control dust using water and/or by tarping, ventilating and vacuuming
D-14.01.08
control slurry while drilling by using methods such as damming and
vacuuming
Sub-task
D-14.02
NL
NV
NS
NV
Prepares concrete for resurfacing.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-14.02.01
select and use tools and equipment such as PPE, bush hammers, scarifiers
and floor grinders
D-14.02.02
mechanically remove finish using methods such as chipping, bush
hammering, media blasting and scarifying
D-14.02.03
chemically remove finish using acids
D-14.02.04
clean surface by vacuuming, blowing, sandblasting or washing
- 53 -
Sub-task
D-14.03
NL
NV
NS
NV
Performs concrete repair and refinishing.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-14.03.01
select tools and equipment such as trowels, sponges, grinders, sanders,
brushes, brooms and chipping guns
D-14.03.02
apply bonding agents according to job specifications
D-14.03.03
apply materials according to job specifications to repair honeycombs, voids
and other deficiencies to achieve desired finishes
Sub-task
D-14.04
NL
NV
NS
NV
Creates expansion, control and isolation joints.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-14.04.01
select and use tools and equipment such as saws and groovers (two-sided
edgers, dividers)
D-14.04.02
select materials such as dowels according to type of joint and job
specifications
D-14.04.03
control cracking by cutting concrete, installing plastic strips or installing sill
gaskets, according to engineering specifications
- 54 -
Task 15
Places/Applies grout, epoxies and caulking.
Grout and epoxies provide structural integrity. Caulking is used to seal
against leaks and for an aesthetic finish.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
types of grout products and their applications
K2
types of epoxies such as liquid and paste
K3
hazards and precautions to be considered when working with epoxies
K4
types of caulking such as firestop, exterior and interior
K5
manufacturers' specifications
K6
time constraints and product properties
K7
PPE and SDS
Sub-task
D-15.01
NL
NV
NS
NV
Places/Applies grout.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-15.01.01
select and use tools and equipment for grouting such as mixing paddles,
trowels, shovels, drills, funnels, sponges and brushes
D-15.01.02
mix grout according to engineering and manufacturers’ specifications
D-15.01.03
grout components such as door frames, anchor bolts, machine bases, walls,
beams and columns using dry packing or pouring method
D-15.01.04
trowel and shape grout to a smooth finish for aesthetic purposes
- 55 -
Sub-task
D-15.02
NL
NV
NS
NV
Places/Applies epoxies.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-15.02.01
pre-plan for work considering time constraints of applying epoxies
D-15.02.02
prepare surfaces using cleaning equipment
D-15.02.03
mix epoxies according to manufacturers’ specifications
D-15.02.04
apply epoxies using epoxy guns, or placing and spreading according to job
specifications
Sub-task
D-15.03
NL
NV
NS
NV
Applies caulking.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
D-15.03.01
select and use tools and equipment such as caulking guns and cleaning
equipment
D-15.03.02
clean exposed surfaces using methods such as applying solvents, pressure
washing and sandblasting according to job specifications
D-15.03.03
use fillers such as insulation and backing rod
D-15.03.04
apply a steady bead and ensure voids are filled by tooling caulking
- 56 -
BLOCK E
MASONRY WORK
Trends
There is a trend towards the use of mega mixers and mast climber
scaffolding systems. Composite blocks have been introduced to the
industry.
Worker certification to use equipment and to work with fireproofing
materials continues to be an important requirement.
Related
Components
Masonry units, scaffolding, fireproofing materials, refractory materials,
lintels, mortars, grouts, ties and anchors, rough bucks.
(including, but not
limited to)
See Appendix A.
Tools and
Equipment
Task 16
Prepares for masonry work.
Preparing for masonry work is an important task for the construction
craft worker trade. This must be done to ensure productivity and safety
on masonry projects and is often done prior to the arrival of bricklayers
on the site.
Context
This task includes setting up masonry materials, scaffolding,
transporting materials to and around the site, organizing the materials,
and mixing mortar and grout.
Required Knowledge
K1
materials and products required for masonry tasks
K2
placement of raw materials
K3
types of mortars and grouts
K4
rigging and lifting equipment such as forklifts and swing stages
K5
required certification and licensing for operating lift equipment such as
forklifts, swing stages and mast climber scaffolding systems
K6
tools and equipment such as saws and mixers
- 57 -
Sub-task
E-16.01
NL
NV
Sets up masonry materials.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
E-16.01.01
distribute masonry materials onto scaffolding according to amounts needed
and scaffolding capacities
E-16.01.02
lay out polyethylene sheets under mixing equipment to contain spillage
E-16.01.03
prepare and organize masonry work area to bring materials close at hand
E-16.01.04
prepare power tools and equipment such as saws, mixing drills and mortar,
or concrete mixers
E-16.01.05
select and use transportation equipment such as forklifts, skidsteers,
telescopic forklifts (telehandler) and wheelbarrows
E-16.01.06
load and unload masonry materials from scaffolding and trucks
E-16.01.07
cut masonry reinforcing material to required length and size using tools such
as concrete, table and quick saws to avoid waste
Sub-task
E-16.02
NL
NV
Mixes mortars and grouts.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
E-16.02.01
select and use tools and equipment such as mortar and concrete mixers
E-16.02.02
follow instructions for ratios, mixing time and compatibilities to ensure
materials are usable
E-16.02.03
mix required amounts of mortars and grouts for work planned
E-16.02.04
determine consistency of mortar and grout and adjust mix to weather
conditions
E-16.02.05
continuously work mortar to maintain desired consistency
E-16.02.06
colour mortars and grout with dyes and aggregates according to job
specifications
E-16.02.07
include additives such as anti-freezing agents, polymers and bonding agents
to ensure desired consistency and adhesion
- 58 -
Task 17
Tends to bricklayers.
Construction craft workers work with bricklayers by performing a
variety of tasks. They mix and supply materials such as bricks, blocks,
mortar, refractory and fireproofing. This is physically demanding work
and requires constant stocking of masonry units. Construction craft
workers may be required to operate powered equipment such as
telescopic forklifts (telehandler) and pallet jacks.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
types of masonry units such as bricks, refractory materials, tiles and blocks
K2
types of brick such as keyed, insulating and fire
K3
types of block such as acoustical, veneer, bullnose and rough-faced
K4
cutting procedures and related safety requirements
K5
confined space hazards, required training and regulations
K6
types of lintels such as channel iron, wood, and pre-cast and poured concrete
K7
applications of rough bucks such as openings for windows and door frames
K8
cleaning agents used such as muriatic acid and water
K9
cleaning methods such as removing mortar, and excess efflorescence, epoxy
and grouts
K 10
environmental concerns of using muriatic acid
K 11
types of refractory material such as bricks, gunnite and ram
K 12
locations using refractory materials such as boilers, furnaces and kilns
K 13
mortars used in refractory applications
K 14
hazards and precautions to be considered when working with refractory
materials
K 15
types of fireproofing materials such as mineral wool, caulking and cementlike materials
K 16
applications for fireproofing materials such as surface penetrations, and
protecting beams, columns and walls
K 17
training and certification requirements
- 59 -
Sub-task
E-17.01
NL
NV
Cuts masonry units.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
E-17.01.01
select and operate tools and equipment such as tile cutters, brick saws,
block/brick guillotines and wet saws
E-17.01.02
perform cut according to measurements
Sub-task
E-17.02
NL
NV
Installs lintels and rough bucks.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
E-17.02.01
select and use tools such as saws, cutters, hammers and wedges
E-17.02.02
cut and form bracing according to opening
E-17.02.03
place and secure rough buck to prevent movement of material according to
job specifications
E-17.02.04
measure and cut lintel according to job specifications
E-17.02.05
remove rough bucks after material is cured
Sub-task
E-17.03
NL
NV
Washes masonry units.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
E-17.03.01
select and use tools and equipment such as pressure washers, scissor lifts,
scrub brushes and curry combs
E-17.03.02
mix chemicals according to manufacturers’ specifications referring to SDS
E-17.03.03
wash and rinse surface of masonry unit to remove all damaging chemicals
and contaminants
- 60 -
Sub-task
E-17.04
NL
NV
Installs refractory materials.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
E-17.04.01
mix refractory materials such as mud and cement-like materials according to
manufacturers’ specifications and referring to SDS
E-17.04.02
install refractory materials according to jurisdictional regulations and job
specifications
E-17.04.03
clean up after refractory applications according to site specifications
Sub-task
E-17.05
NL
NV
Uses fireproofing materials.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
E-17.05.01
select and use tools and equipment such as mixers, trowels and spray
equipment
E-17.05.02
mix fireproofing materials using manual or electric paddles according to
manufacturers’ specifications
E-17.05.03
apply fireproofing materials using methods such as spray-on and trowel-on
according to job specifications
- 61 -
BLOCK F
UTILITIES AND PIPELINE
Trends
There is an increased use of robotic cameras for the inspection of water
and sewer pipes in order to ensure quality of pipe and to detect leaks.
More relining of the interior part of piping is being used to reduce the
need for replacement and there is an increased practice of
reconditioning of pipes in order to extend their lifespan.
The practice of tapping into new and existing water lines to provide
water to different areas is becoming a common task.
Green practices are changing the way construction craft workers work.
For example, they need to return work areas back to their natural state,
and avoid cross pollination as part of green environmental practices.
Related
Components
(including, but not
limited to)
Pipeline: blocking, coatings, rock shields, silt fencing, filter fabrics.
See Appendix A.
Tools and
Equipment
Task 18
Utilities: piping, catch basins, manholes, grade rings, shims, rubber
seals, valves, hydrants, pressure chambers, clamps, T’s, elbows, Y’s,
culverts, thrust blocks, insulation, grouts.
Installs utility piping for water and sewer installations.
Construction craft workers work with a wide variety of pipe,
components and application techniques when installing utility piping
for water and sewer installations. Knowledge of grade and elevations is
crucial when working with this type of utility piping. Hazardous
materials such as asbestos and lead may be encountered when repairing
existing pipe.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
types of pipe used for water and sewage systems such as plastic, cast iron,
concrete, composite, ceramic and ductile
K2
connecting methods such as fused, clamps, and bell and spigot
K3
design grades for pipe
K4
types of sewer lines such as raw sewer and storm sewers
- 62 -
K5
components such as manholes and catch basins, grade rings, rubber seals and
covers
K6
types of water pipe components such as valves and hydrants
K7
reasons for modification such as leaks, repairs, upgrades and additions
K8
specifications related to water pressures
K9
backfilling and compacting methods
K 10
codes and specifications
Sub-task
E-18.01
NL
NV
Installs pipe for water systems.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
F-18.01.01
select and use tools and equipment such as laser levels, hand levels and
pinch bars
F-18.01.02
install bedding material according to material specifications
F-18.01.03
level and compact bedding to height specifications
F-18.01.04
install thrust blocks to stabilize the line and eliminate breaks
F-18.01.05
select, cut and fit sections according to plans and specifications
F-18.01.06
connect pipe sections, including fusing, using components such as clamps,
bell and spigot, and rubber seals according to job specifications and types
of pipe
F-18.01.07
install fire hydrants and valves according to job specifications
F-18.01.08
backfill and compact pipe, and insulate if needed according to job
specifications
F-18.01.09
remove excess mud and pump water to perform directional drilling to
avoid disruptions on highways and rivers
F-18.01.10
pressurize lines to test for leaks
F-18.01.11
assist in tapping into main lines to provide temporary service while
replacing lines
- 63 -
Sub-task
F-18.02
NL
NV
Installs pipe for sewer systems.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
F-18.02.01
select and use tools and equipment such as laser levels, hand levels and pinch
bars
F-18.02.02
install bedding material according to material specifications
F-18.02.03
level and compact bedding to height specifications
F-18.02.04
select, cut and fit sections according to plans and specifications
F-18.02.05
connect pipe sections using components such as clamps, bell and spigot, and
rubber seals according to job specification for the type of pipe
F-18.02.06
backfill and compact pipe, and insulate if needed according to job
specifications
F-18.02.07
remove excess mud and pump water to assist in directional drilling to avoid
disruptions on highways and rivers
Sub-task
F-18.03
NL
NV
Installs catch basins and manholes.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
F-18.03.01
verify and maintain grades of components according to job specifications
F-18.03.02
install bases such as pre-cast and poured concrete, and compact soil
according to job specifications
F-18.03.03
cut holes in catch basins and manholes to connect pipes using tools such as
quick-cut saw and bolt cutters
F-18.03.04
level and plumb components such as manholes and catch basins to ensure
drainage
F-18.03.05
connect pipe to components using materials such as grout, concrete and
rubber seals
- 64 -
F-18.03.06
place manholes using rigging and hoisting equipment according to site
specifications
F-18.03.07
install and grout shims and grade rings to bring last installed component to
final-grade
Sub-task
F-18.04
NL
NV
Modifies existing pipe.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
F-18.04.01
isolate section of pipe using bladders to stop the flow going through pipe
F-18.04.02
repair defective pipe to test for leaks
F-18.04.03
replace with upgraded pipe according to new codes or specifications
F-18.04.04
tap pipes for additional water or sewer lines
F-18.04.05
insulate, backfill and compact around pipe according to job specifications
Sub-task
F-18.05
NL
NV
Assists with testing water and sewer lines.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
Key Competencies
F-18.05.01
select and assist with use of tools and equipment such as cameras,
compressors and water taps
F-18.05.02
isolate sections of pipe using bladders or shut offs for testing
F-18.05.03
hydrotest water and sewer lines for leaks
F-18.05.04
monitor gauge readings for drops in pressure
- 65 -
NU
ND
Task 19
Performs pipeline activities.
Working on pipeline construction is a specialty area for construction
craft workers. There are more construction craft workers on pipeline
construction than any other trade workers.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
environmental considerations such as highways, rivers, farmlands, existing
wetlands and wildlife
K2
municipal, provincial and federal regulations and jobsite specific rules
K3
rigging equipment and methods for pipeline
K4
cribbing methods
K5
sandblasting and coating methods
K6
maintenance techniques
K7
required pipeline certifications such as Pipeline Construction Safety Training
(PCST) and Ground Disturbance
Sub-task
F-19.01
NL
NV
Constructs right of ways.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
F-19.01.01
clear brush using tools and equipment such as bush saws and chain saws
F-19.01.02
set up cleaning station such as bleach, blow and pressure wash stations for
prevention of cross-pollination and tracking of mud from movement of
equipment
F-19.01.03
identify hazards such as domestic animals, wildlife, insects and falling trees
to maintain safe work environment
F-19.01.04
minimize disturbance to wildlife and public land including fencing by
returning to original state
F-19.01.05
set up silt fence, filter cloth for water pumps and top soil to minimize
environmental damage to waterways
F-19.01.06
install and interpret clearance markers and signage to prevent damage to
power lines when moving heavy equipment
- 66 -
Sub-task
F-19.02
NL
NV
Performs pipeline installation.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
F-19.02.01
stockpile pipes in established area
F-19.02.02
load pipes on trucks to be unloaded on right of way
F-19.02.03
place pipe and skids (stringing) in order according to job specifications
F-19.02.04
measure and mark pipe to ensure location of bends according to engineering
specifications
F-19.02.05
place and remove pipe to assist set-up and bending crew
F-19.02.06
perform blocking and cribbing to assist welding crew
F-19.02.07
select and use tools and equipment such as media blasters, jeeping and
coating equipment to coat pipe
F-19.02.08
blast pipe to ensure coating adheres to surface
F-19.02.09
coat pipe to protect welds
F-19.02.10
jeep pipe to find imperfections
F-19.02.11
assist and guide pipe lowering operation
Sub-task
F-19.03
NL
NV
Performs pipeline maintenance.
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
F-19.03.01
assist to test pipeline using electronic pipeline pig to determine location and
type of defect
F-19.03.02
assist to locate and expose defective area by hydrovac truck and daylighting
F-19.03.03
scrap and clean pipe to remove existing coating using scrapers, chippers and
sandblasters
F-19.03.04
assist boom operator to set-up sleeve for welders
F-19.03.05
blast and coat pipe to protect welded sleeve before backfilling
- 67 -
BLOCK G
ROADWORK
Trends
Road surface materials used are now more environmentally friendly.
There is a trend towards using recycled materials in road construction.
Placing asphalt over concrete is becoming more common as well.
Related
Components
Aggregates, signage, barriers, culverts, manholes, catch basins, piping.
(including, but not
limited to)
See Appendix A.
Tools and
Equipment
Task 20
Installs road surface materials.
Construction craft workers work with paving machines to spread
concrete, asphalt and other sub-base materials. They manually spread,
shovel and rake asphalt where the machines cannot operate. They also
apply adhesives and primers, and modify and repair all road surfaces.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
types of chemical additives
K2
location of manholes and catch basins
K3
amount of paving materials to remove when repairing
K4
types of road surface materials such as concrete, asphalt, interlocking brick
and chip seal
K5
types of sub-bases
K6
types of tools and equipment
K7
related hazards such as traffic and material temperatures
K8
sidewalk and pedestrian walkway construction
- 68 -
Sub-task
G-20.01
NL
NV
NS
NV
Places road surface materials.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
G-20.01.01
prepare and compact sub-base according to grade using compacting
equipment
G-20.01.02
apply adhesives and primers such as tack and water
G-20.01.03
rake and compact road surface material to finish-grade
G-20.01.04
feather and finish around manholes, catch basins and curbs according to road
surface material being used
G-20.01.05
manually compact road surfacing material using hand compactors
G-20.01.06
place, lay, or spread road surfacing material such as concrete, asphalt and
composite materials according to engineering specifications
G-20.01.07
finish concrete using bull and hand floats to smooth surface in order to
broom
Sub-task
G-20.02
NL
NV
NS
NV
Repairs road surfaces.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
G-20.02.01
select and use tools and equipment such as quick-cut saws, walk-behind
saws, jackhammers and plate tampers
G-20.02.02
cut paving materials to install utilities and components
G-20.02.03
repair defects such as pot holes, cracks, wash-outs and heaved areas
G-20.02.04
break surface materials and remove debris to prepare for resurfacing
G-20.02.05
compact base, drill into existing concrete and install dowels using adhesives
according to engineering specifications
G-20.02.06
pour, lay, or spread road surfacing material such as concrete, asphalt and
composite materials according to engineering specifications
G-20.02.07
apply adhesives and primers to potholes to prepare for fill materials such as
gravel and asphalt
G-20.02.08
cut cracks with up-cut flat saw (walk-behind or road saw)
- 69 -
G-20.02.09
remove debris using sandblaster and compressor
G-20.02.10
seal joints using sealants according to engineering specifications
Task 21
Installs roadwork components.
Construction craft workers are required to install culverts, barriers and
signage. Additional certification may be required for the installation of
roadwork signage. Safety is of the utmost importance when working on
roadwork construction.
Context
Required Knowledge
K1
types of barriers such as pedestrian, guard and jersey (no post)
K2
materials used for barriers such as concrete, steel and wood
K3
regulations regarding installation of barriers, road markings and signage
K4
applications of barriers such as temporary and permanent
K5
training, certification and PPE requirements
K6
types of road markings such as reflective tape and painted lines
K7
types of temporary and permanent road signs
K8
types of culverts such as galvanized steel, plastic and concrete
K9
sizes of culverts
K 10
connection methods such as bell and spigot, clamped and butted
Sub-task
G-21.01
NL
NV
NS
NV
Installs barriers.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
G-21.01.01
select and use tools and equipment such as forklifts, drills, pry bars, post
augers, rigging and boom trucks
G-21.01.02
select barriers according to regulations and specifications
G-21.01.03
determine location for barriers according to engineering specifications
G-21.01.04
secure water-filled and sand-filled barriers using anchors and fasteners such
as dowels and concrete piles
- 70 -
Sub-task
G-21.02
NL
NV
NS
NV
Installs road markings and signs.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Key Competencies
G-21.02.01
select and use tools and equipment such as measuring tapes, post augers, and
sledge hammers
G-21.02.02
place, paint or adhere road markings and signage according to jurisdictional
regulations, and engineering specifications
G-21.02.03
auger (bore hole) and backfill signage to secure in place
G-21.02.04
place temporary signage and markings according to jurisdictional regulations
Sub-task
G-21.03
NL
NV
NS
NV
Installs culverts.
PE
NV
NB
yes
QC
NV
ON
yes
MB
yes
SK
yes
AB
yes
BC
yes
NT
ND
YT
ND
Key Competencies
G-21.03.01
select and use tools and equipment such as wrenches and levels
G-21.03.02
assemble culvert sections according to manufacturers’ specifications
G-21.03.03
install and compact bedding for culverts to achieve the required grade to
ensure drainage
G-21.03.04
backfill and secure culvert according to engineering specifications
- 71 -
NU
ND
APPENDICES
APPENDIX A
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Hand Tools
adjustable wrench
asphalt spreader
axe
bander
bar (wrecking, pin, crow, pry)
bolt cutter
broom
brush
bucket/pail
bull float
cable cutter
caulking gun
C-clamp
chisel
edger
file (flat, round)
float (wood, magnesium, steel, aluminium,
rubber)
grease gun
guillotine
hammer (ball peen, claw, sledge, dead blow,
axe, brass)
hammer stapler
hand auger
hand level
hand saw
hand trowel
knife
lining (line-up) bar
magnet
metal detectors
mop
pick axe
pinch bar
pliers (needle nose, slip joint, linesmen)
punch (knock-out type, various sizes)
rake (concrete, asphalt, landscaping, fan)
rubber mallet
scraper
screwdriver (flat, Phillips, Robertson)
shovel (square, truncheon, spade, scoop, snow)
sidewalk groover
snip (heavy duty wire cutting)
socket wrench set
speed wrench
sponge
spooler (for tie wire)
sprayer
squeegee
staple gun
tarpaulin
tool belt and apron
trowel
twister
utility knife
water drum
water hose
watering can
wire brush
Power Tools
angle grinder
blow torch
chain saw
chipping gun and bit
chipping hammer
circular saw and blade
concrete vibrator
cordless tools
coring machine and bit
diamond or abrasive disc
disc sander
electric drill
extension cord
flashlight
- 75 -
Power Tools (continued)
grinder
hand-held and stationary radio
hydraulic jack
impact wrench/gun (electric and pneumatic)
jig saw
lawn mower
light
mechanical spreader
media blaster
oxy-acetylene cutting torch
portable concrete mixer
portable sprayer
powder-actuated tool
power sprayer
pressure pump
pressure washer
pump
quick-cut saw
reciprocating saw
steam cleaner
tamper (vibratory, plate, roller)
up-cut flat saw (walk-behind saw)
vacuum cleaner
weed trimmer
wire wheel (component of grinder)
Stationary Equipment
cut-off saw
compressor
generator
heater
mixer
table saw
tool box
water pump
Pneumatic Tools and Equipment
auger
chipper
compactor
drill (stopper, jack-leg, ratchet)
floor sweeper/scrubber
grinder
hammer
jack hammer
media-blasting tool
pavement breaker (jackhammer)
pneumatic gun (needle, impact, air, paint)
portable compressor pump
rivet-buster
snowblower
wand
Rigging and Hoisting Equipment
block and tackle
bridle hitch
lifting clamp
lifting hook
chain fall
chains
clevis
come-along (portable winching equipment)
cradles
pulley
roller
rope (nylon, steel, natural fibre, polypropylene)
shackle
sling (nylon, steel, chain, natural fibre,
polypropylene)
snatch block
softener
gin wheel
grip hoist (Tirfors ™)
- 76 -
Rigging and Hoisting Equipment (continued)
spreader bar
tag line
winch
work cage
Scaffolding and Access Equipment
aerial platform (cherry picker)
ladder (extension, platform, stepladder)
man lift
mobile scaffolding
powered elevated platform
scissor lift
stationary scaffolding
suspended platform
suspended scaffold
swing stage
rolling scaffold
Transport Equipment
atv
boat
conveyor
forklift
handcart
manual buggy
power buggy
skid steer
truck
wheelbarrow
Measuring and Layout Tools, Instruments and Equipment
calculator
carpenter’s pencil
chalk line
dew point gun
laptop
level (laser, builders’, precision)
marker
measuring tape
pipe locator
plumb bob
scale rule
square
straightedge
stringline
surveyor ribbon
template
theodolite
thermometer
tire pressure gauge
total station
trammel point
transit
tripod and mounting device
Masonry Tools
bolster
brick and stone cutter
brick tongs
corner block
curry comb
face hammer
hawk
jointer (rat tail)
line block
line holder
line pin
line trig
manual splitter
mason’s trowel
masonry saw
masonry table saw
- 77 -
Masonry Tools (continued)
mason's chisel
mortar board
mortar box
mortar buggy
mortar hoe
mortar mixer
notched trowel
raker - wheel type
sandbox
sandscreen
Personal Protective Equipment and Safety Equipment
air horn
apron
barrier cream, sunscreen and insect repellent
bear spray
boots (safety, rubber, insulated, waders)
breathing apparatus
caution tape (red, yellow)
chaps (chain saw, other)
chin strap
coveralls (cloth, paper, chemical)
evacuation box
eye wash station
face shield
fall protection equipment (harness, lanyard,
restraining cable, rope grabs, retractable
lanyard)
fire blanket
fire extinguisher
fire hose
fire retardant clothing
first aid kit
fit tester kit
gas detection equipment
gloves
hard hat
hazmat protective suit
hearing protection
high visibility vest
knee board and pads
life jacket
megaphone
rain suit
respirator (particles, chemical and vapour)
safety goggles/glasses
self contained breathing apparatus
soap
spill kit
welding flash blind
- 78 -
APPENDIX B
GLOSSARY
accelerator
speeds the setting time of concrete and allows the cure time to start earlier
which allows concrete to be placed in winter with reduced risk of frost
damage
admixture
material other than water, aggregates and Portland cement that is used as an
ingredient of concrete and is added to the mix
aggregate
granular material, such as sand, gravel, crushed stone or recycled concrete
aggregates used with cement and water to produce concrete
air entrained
agents introduced to the concrete which contains billions of microscopic air
cells per cubic foot which relieves internal pressure on the concrete by
providing tiny chambers for water to expand into when it freezes
anchor plate
large metal plate connected to a tie rod or bolt
angle of repose
angle at which material lies stable on an embankment of an excavation
base plate
solid piece of material that has enough strength and sturdiness to serve as
the surface to which other things are attached to be supported
bedding
ravel material used to support the pipe which is usually less than 25mm in
size
bell
the large end of a pipe which inserts over the small (spigot) end of the pipe
when connecting
benchmarks
point of known elevation
berm
an embankment built to contain liquids and gases and prevent them from
damaging the environment
bladder
rubber membrane used to isolate a section of pipe or component for testing
or repair
bracing for
concrete
supports which run at an angle on the form to provide support and keep the
walls plumb
bull float
tool used to level concrete surfaces
catch basin
receptacle or reservoir that receives surface water runoff or drainage and is
part of a storm drain or sewer system designed to trap debris before it enters
the pipe
- 79 -
clearance
markers
(goal posts)
warning restraints set up to prevent vehicles or other machinery from getting
too close to other objects, including excessive heights or limits of approach to
electrical sources
compacting
equipment
an engine-powered machine that results compaction of loose materials and
asphalt
concrete
composition of a binding medium and aggregate; commonly consists of a
mixture of cement, aggregate and water in varying proportions; mixture is
worked into a plastic state and gains hardness through the hydration of
cement with the water
confined space
an area not designed for continuous human occupancy, contains a hazard or
the potential of a hazard, and has limited access and egress
control joints
intentional groove cut into a surface to control cracking by allowing the
material to expand on its own and prevent cracking in an uncontrolled
manner
cribbing
support made of timber, logs, concrete or steel to support a structure from
below or the side
crosspollination
transfer of pollen from the flower of one plant to the flower of a plant having
a different genetic constitution. Workers must avoid causing crosspollination when using tools and equipment in different areas due to
increasing geo-engineering
curing
the maintenance of a satisfactory moisture content and temperature in
concrete during its early stages so that desired properties may develop
curry comb
tool with rows of metal teeth made for grooming horses that can be used for
cleaning bricks and blocks
daylighting
utilities
exposing underground utilities by excavation so that work can be done on
the utilities
ductile
type of pipe material
egress
the means of going out or leaving; an exit; an outlet
false work
temporary structure in which the main load bearing members are vertical
and are used to support a permanent structure and associated elements
during the erection until it is self-supporting
fill-crete
a mix of gravel and cement (small amount) used for backfill that does not
require compaction (also known as flow-crete, tru-crete, controlled low
strength material [CLSM])
- 80 -
filter cloth
cloth fabric used in excavation that helps to screen out soil and other
contaminates while allowing the passage of water
floating
process of using a tool, usually wood or magnesium, in concrete finishing
operations to create a relatively even, but still open texture to a fresh concrete
surface
fly forms
system that can be used repetitively and moved in large sections not
requiring disassembly and commonly used as a formwork shoring system to
support typical cast-in-place concrete slabs in multi-level high-rise
construction
fly tables
forming system assembled in various shapes and sizes depending on the
particular needs of each building
form
a temporary structure or mould for the support of concrete while it is setting
and gaining sufficient strength to be self-supporting
Ground
Disturbance
training program that covers the safety aspects of trenching and excavating
operations including locators and locating buried facilities
grout
mixture of cementitious material and water, with or without aggregate,
which may be proportioned and mixed to produce a pourable consistency
without segregation of the constituents
guillotine
(brick and
block)
device which generates a high amount of pressure to cut various types of
blocks
gunnite
insulating material that is sprayed on and used in refractory applications
height stick
grade guide that is used during concrete placement to measure the pour
height
high flow
highly flowable, non-segregating concrete that easily spreads into place, fills
formwork, and encapsulates even the most congested reinforcement. It is
placed purely by means of its own weight, with little or no mechanical
vibration
hoarding
temporary enclosure to protect against damage, such as weather and debris,
and to limit public access
honeycomb
concrete that, due to lack of proper amount of fines or vibration, contains
abundant interconnected large voids or cavities
jeeping
a process using electronic current to detect deficiencies (cracks, pinholes) in
pipe coatings
- 81 -
jersey barrier
modular concrete or plastic barrier employed to separate lanes of traffic and
minimize vehicle damage in case of impact
joint “key
ways”
type of joint between two individual concrete pours with a recess or groove
in one end, and an equal protrusion on the other, which fit together
providing shear strength to the joint
lintel
a beam placed across the top of a rough door or window opening; it supports
the weight from above
monument
permanent established elevation used for surveying
manhole
small covered opening in a floor, pavement, or other surface to allow a
person to enter, especially an opening in a city street leading to a sewer
media blasters
equipment that propels a certain type of media such as sand, glass bead and
metal pellets to clean the surface of various materials
pile drivers
machine used to drive concrete, metal or wood piles
piling
structural column installed into the ground to anchor or support a building
and other structures
pinch bars
kind of crowbar or lever with a projection that serves as a fulcrum
pipe coating
a coating either sleeved, taped or painted onto pipe to protect it from
corrosion and other foreign materials
primer
a substance used to prepare a surface for adhesives or sealants
rate of pour
important process using scientific calculations based on the viscosity,
temperature and depth of the concrete pour and the effects of pressure on
the forms
rebar dowel
a piece of steel used to join different pours of concrete together they are
either placed in fresh concrete, or a hole is drilled into existing concrete and
they are epoxied in
refractory
material which can withstand very high temperatures without degrading or
softening
retarder
an admixture which extends the setting time of cement paste and, therefore
of mixtures such as concrete, mortar, and grout.
rough buck
temporary form to provide an opening in concrete and masonry
scarify
to roughen a surface of concrete using a scabbler
- 82 -
scan tools
electronic devices used to locate different types of utilities
screeding
the operation of forming a grade surface by the use of a straightedge
sea-can
lockable, steel containers commonly used in shipping on ocean liners, also
used in construction for storage of tools and materials on a jobsite
settling pond
water containment used to contain sediment before disposing of the water
sheet piling
interlocking metal sheeting used to prevent water movement in an
excavation around water ways
shoring
(concrete)
supports built to hold concrete formwork
shoring
(excavation)
supports built inside an excavation to retain soil to prevent cave-ins
shotcrete
mortar or concrete conveyed through a hose and projected pneumatically
onto a surface
silt fence
a geo- textile containment fence used to filter the silt from run-off around a
construction site
skidsteer
a small rigid frame, engine-powered machine with lift arms used to attach a
wide variety of tools or attachments
slab
a flat horizontal or nearly so, molded layer of plain or reinforced concrete,
usually uniform but sometimes of variable thickness, either on the ground or
supported by beams, columns, walls, or other formwork
slump
a measure of consistency
slurry
a mixture of water and fine materials, such as Portland cement, slag or soil in
suspension
spigot
reduced diameter in the end of pipe able to lock into the bell end
spring clip
a fastener used to provide a screw hole for a sheet metal screw
stringing
the process of dispersing the pipe in the pipe laying process
strongback
a continuous member, usually vertical which transfers loads from the form
to the form-tying system and which holds large formwork panel systems
adequately in place
taper ties
a long tapered bolt used in formwork
- 83 -
telescopic
forklift
(telehandler)
forklift with an extended boom
thrust block
cast-in-place concrete to prevent pipe movement
ties
a tensile unit holding forms against the lateral pressure from freshly placed
concrete
tool crib
facility that stores and organizes tools owned by the company
tooling
use of an object to smooth and move the sealant into a position for both an
acceptable appearance as well as a watertight seal
turnbuckles
used to adjust the length of rigging chains
walers
a continuous member, usually horizontal which transfers loads from the
form to the form-tying system or form-bracing system or both
wet screed
placing concrete on finish-grade across two known points of elevation (called
wet screeds)
whip check
small cable choker placed at pressure hose connections to prevent hose from
whipping around
- 84 -
APPENDIX C
ACRONYMS
AHJ
authority having jurisdiction
CO
carbon monoxide
CSA
Canadian Standards Association
GFCI
ground fault circuit interrupters
GPS
global positioning system
H2S
hydrogen sulphide
ICF
insulated concrete forms
ICI
industrial, institutional and commercial
JHA
job hazard analysis
JOHS
Joint Occupational Health and Safety
LEED
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
LEL
lower explosion limit
OH&S
Occupational Health and Safety
PCST
Pipeline Construction Safety Training
PPE
personal protective equipment
PSI
pre-job safety instructions
SDS
safety data sheet
TDG
transportation of dangerous goods
UEL
upper explosion limit
WHMIS
Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System
- 85 -
APPENDIX D
BLOCK A
%
NL
NV
BLOCK AND TASK WEIGHTING
COMMON OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS
NS
NV
Task 1
PE
NV
NB
23
QC
NV
ON
50
MB
15
SK
15
AB
20
BC
15
NT
ND
YT
ND
NU
ND
Task 2
24%
Uses and maintains tools and equipment.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 21 NV 30 30 30 25 40 ND ND ND
Task 3
29%
Organizes work.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 23 NV 10 20 30 25 10 ND ND ND
Task 4
20%
Performs routine trade activities.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 27 NV 20 30 20 25 40 ND ND ND
BLOCK B
NL
NV
23%
Performs safety-related functions.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 29 NV 40 20 20 25 10 ND ND ND
%
National
Average
27%
SITE WORK
NS
NV
Task 5
PE
NV
NB
20
QC
NV
ON
15
MB
15
SK
19
AB
20
BC
25
NT YT
ND ND
NU
ND
National
Average
19%
Prepares site.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 21 NV 20 20 25 20 15 ND ND ND
- 86 -
20%
Task 6
Performs ground work.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 22 NV 20 25 25 20 30 ND ND ND
Task 7
24%
Services site.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 15 NV 50 30 15 20 30 ND ND ND
Task 8
27%
Performs basic demolition.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 19 NV 10 10 20 15 10 ND ND ND
Task 9
14%
Performs safety watches.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 23 NV 0 15 15 25 15 ND ND ND
BLOCK C
%
NL
NV
15%
SCAFFOLDING AND ACCESS EQUIPMENT
NS
NV
Task 10
PE
NV
NB
12
QC
NV
ON
10
MB
10
SK
14
AB
5
BC
5
NT YT
ND ND
NU
ND
48%
Uses access equipment.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 51 NV 50 60 50 60 40 ND ND ND
BLOCK D
%
NL
NV
9%
Uses scaffolding.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 49 NV 50 40 50 40 60 ND ND ND
Task 11
National
Average
52%
CONCRETE WORK
NS
NV
PE
NV
NB
13
QC
NV
ON
15
MB
25
SK
20
- 87 -
AB
15
BC
20
NT YT
ND ND
NU
ND
National
Average
18%
Task 12
Forms concrete.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 24 NV 80 10 20 10 15 ND ND ND
Task 13
27%
Places and finishes concrete.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 38 NV 10 40 30 50 50 ND ND ND
Task 14
36%
Modifies concrete.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 20 NV 5 20 20 10 10 ND ND ND
Task 15
14%
Places/Applies grout, epoxies and caulking.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 18 NV 5 30 30 30 25 ND ND ND
BLOCK E
%
NL
NV
23%
MASONRY WORK
NS
NV
Task 16
PE
NV
NB
14
QC
NV
ON
4
MB
10
SK
10
AB
15
BC
5
NT YT
ND ND
National
Average
10%
Prepares for masonry work.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 57 NV 55 50 50 50 50 ND ND ND
Task 17
NU
ND
52%
Tends to bricklayers.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 43 NV 45 50 50 50 50 ND ND ND
- 88 -
48%
BLOCK F
%
NL
NV
UTILITIES AND PIPELINE
NS
NV
Task 18
PE
NV
NB
10
QC
NV
ON
1
MB
10
SK
12
AB
15
BC
20
NT YT
ND ND
NU
ND
52%
Performs pipeline activities.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 61 NV 40 50 40 50 50 ND ND ND
BLOCK G
%
NL
NV
11%
Installs utility piping for water and sewer installations.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 39 NV 60 50 60 50 50 ND ND ND
Task 19
National
Average
48%
ROADWORK
NS
NV
Task 20
PE
NV
NB
8
QC
NV
ON
5
MB
15
SK
10
AB
10
BC
10
NT YT
ND ND
National
Average
10%
Installs road surface material.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 40 NV 50 50 50 35 70 ND ND ND
Task 21
NU
ND
49%
Installs roadwork components.
NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU
% NV NV NV 60 NV 50 50 50 65 30 ND ND ND
- 89 -
51%
APPENDIX E
PIE CHART*
G
10%
F
11%
A
23%
E
10%
B
19%
D
18%
C
9%
TITLES OF BLOCKS
BLOCK A
Common Occupational
Skills
BLOCK E
Masonry Work
BLOCK B
Site Work
BLOCK F
Utilities and Pipeline
BLOCK C
Scaffolding and Access
Equipment
BLOCK G
Roadwork
BLOCK D
Concrete Work
*Average percentage of the total number of questions on an interprovincial examination,
assigned to assess each block of the analysis, as derived from the collective input from workers
within the occupation from all areas of Canada. Interprovincial examinations typically have
from 100 to 150 multiple-choice questions.
- 90 -
APPENDIX F
BLOCKS
A – COMMON
OCCUPATIONAL
SKILLS
TASK PROFILE CHART —
Construction Craft Worker
TASKS
SUB-TASKS
1. Performs
safety-related
functions.
1.01 Maintains
safe work
environment.
1.02 Uses personal
protective
equipment (PPE)
and safety
equipment.
2. Uses and
maintains tools
and equipment.
2.01 Maintains
hand, power and
powder-actuated
tools.
2.02 Uses rigging
and hoisting
equipment.
3. Organizes
work.
3.01 Uses
documentation.
3.02
Communicates
with others.
4. Performs
routine trade
activities.
4.01 Handles
construction
materials.
2.03 Uses
stationary
equipment.
2.04 Uses
sandblaster.
2.05 Uses mobile
equipment.
4.02 Performs site
housekeeping and
maintenance.
4.03 Erects
hoarding /
enclosures.
4.04 Installs
membranes.
4.05 Installs
insulating
materials.
4.06 Establishes
grades and
elevations.
4.07 Performs
traffic control.
4.08 Installs
permanent and
temporary
fencing.
5. Prepares site.
5.01 Clears site.
5.02 Sets up site
facilities.
5.03 Assists in
installation of
pilings.
5.04 Builds access
and egress roads.
6. Performs
ground work.
6.01 Locates
underground
utilities.
6.02 Performs
excavation.
6.03 Installs
excavating
shoring.
6.04 Performs
backfill and
compaction.
B – SITE WORK
- 91 -
BLOCKS
TASKS
7. Services site.
C – SCAFFOLDING
AND ACCESS
EQUIPMENT
D – CONCRETE
WORK
SUB-TASKS
7.01 Addresses
suspected
hazardous
materials.
7.02 Controls
water runoff.
7.03 Sets up
temporary
lighting.
7.04 Sets up
generators and
compressors.
7.05 Performs site
restoration.
7.06 Manages tool
crib.
7.07 Recycles
materials.
8. Performs basic
demolition.
8.01 Cuts
materials.
8.02 Dismantles
existing structures
and components.
9. Performs safety
watches.
9.01 Monitors
hazardous gases.
9.02 Performs fire
watch.
9.03 Performs
bottle watch.
9.04 Performs
confined space
watch.
9.05 Monitors
heaters.
10. Uses
scaffolding.
10.01 Erects
scaffolding.
10.02 Inspects
scaffolding.
10.03 Maintains
scaffolding.
10.04 Tends to
scaffold erectors.
10.05 Dismantles
scaffolding.
11. Uses access
equipment.
11.01 Uses
ladders.
11.02 Uses powerelevated work
platforms.
11.03 Inspects
access equipment.
11.04 Maintains
access equipment.
12. Forms
concrete.
12.01 Installs
formwork and
shoring.
12.02 Inspects
assembled
formwork.
12.03 Dismantles
formwork.
12.04 Maintains
formwork.
13. Places and
finishes concrete.
13.01 Mixes
concrete.
13.02 Transports
concrete on site.
13.03 Places
concrete.
13.04 Installs
components in
concrete.
- 92 -
13.05 Assists with
finishing concrete.
BLOCKS
TASKS
SUB-TASKS
13.06 Controls
concrete curing
process.
E – MASONRY
WORK
F – UTILITIES AND
PIPELINE
14. Modifies
concrete.
14.01 Drills/cores
concrete.
14.02 Prepares
concrete for
resurfacing.
14.03 Performs
concrete repair
and refinishing.
15. Places/Applies
grout, epoxies
and caulking.
15.01
Places/Applies
grout.
15.02
Places/Applies
epoxies.
15.03 Applies
caulking.
16. Prepares for
masonry work.
16.01 Sets up
masonry
materials.
16.02 Mixes
mortars and
grouts.
17. Tends to
bricklayers.
17.01 Cuts
masonry units.
17.02 Installs
lintels and rough
bucks.
17.03 Washes
masonry units.
17.04 Installs
refractory
materials.
17.05 Uses
fireproofing
materials.
18. Installs utility
piping for water
and sewer
installations.
18.01 Installs pipe
for water systems.
18.02 Installs pipe
for sewer systems.
18.03 Installs catch
basins and
manholes.
18.04 Modifies
existing pipe.
18.05 Assists with
testing water and
sewer lines.
19. Performs
pipeline activities.
19.01 Constructs
right of ways.
19.02 Performs
pipeline
installation.
19.03 Performs
pipeline
maintenance.
- 93 -
14.04 Creates
expansion, control
and isolation
joints.
BLOCKS
TASKS
SUB-TASKS
20. Installs road
surface material.
20.01 Places road
surface materials.
20.02 Repairs road
surfaces.
21. Installs
roadwork
components.
21.01 Installs
barriers.
21.02 Installs road
markings and
signs.
G – ROADWORK
- 94 -
21.03 Installs
culverts.
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