National Occupational Analysis Construction Craft Worker 2015 National Occupational Analyses Construction Craft Worker 2015 Trades and Apprenticeship Division Division des métiers et de l’apprentissage Labour Market Integration Directorate Direction de l’intégration au marché du travail National Occupational Classification: 7611 Disponible en français sous le titre : Manœuvre en construction You can download this publication by going online: publicentre.esdc.gc.ca This document is available on demand in multiple formats by contacting 1 800 O-Canada (1-800-622-6232), teletypewriter (TTY), 1-800-926-9105. © Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, 2015 droitdauteur.copyright@HRSDC-RHDCC.gc.ca PDF Cat. No.: Em15-1/24-2015E-PDF ISBN: 978-0-660-03909-1 ESDC Cat. No. : LM-573-12-15E _________________________________________________________________ You can download this publication and find more information on Red Seal trades by going online: http://www.red-seal.ca FOREWORD The Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship (CCDA) recognizes this National Occupational Analysis (NOA) as the national standard for the occupation of Construction Craft Worker. Background The first National Conference on Apprenticeship in Trades and Industries, held in Ottawa in 1952, recommended that the federal government be requested to cooperate with provincial and territorial apprenticeship committees and officials in preparing analyses of a number of skilled occupations. To this end, Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) sponsors a program, under the guidance of the CCDA, to develop a series of NOAs. The NOAs have the following objectives: • to describe and group the tasks performed by skilled workers; • to identify which tasks are performed in every province and territory; • to develop instruments for use in the preparation of Interprovincial Red Seal Examinations and curricula for training leading to the certification of skilled workers; • to facilitate the mobility of apprentices and skilled workers in Canada; and, • to supply employers, employees, associations, industries, training institutions and governments with analyses of occupations. -I- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The CCDA and ESDC wish to express sincere appreciation for the contribution of the many tradespersons, industrial establishments, professional associations, labour organizations, provincial and territorial government departments and agencies, and all others who contributed to this publication. Special acknowledgement is extended by ESDC and the CCDA to the following representatives of the trade, and the apprenticeship bodies or national organizations that nominated them. Chris Kenny Daryl Duke James Blancard Jason Toms Paul Santos Pierre Doucet Ralph Grass Victor Marques New Brunswick Saskatchewan British Columbia Ontario Manitoba New Brunswick Ontario British Columbia This analysis was prepared by the Labour Market Integration Directorate of ESDC. The coordinating, facilitating and processing of this analysis were undertaken by employees of the NOA development team of the Trades and Apprenticeship Division. The host jurisdiction of Ontario also participated in the development of this NOA. Comments or questions about National Occupational Analyses may be forwarded to: Trades and Apprenticeship Division Labour Market Integration Directorate Employment and Social Development Canada 140 Promenade du Portage, Phase IV, 5th Floor Gatineau, Quebec K1A 0J9 Email: email@example.com - II - TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD I ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS II TABLE OF CONTENTS III STRUCTURE OF ANALYSIS VI DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF ANALYSIS VIII ANALYSIS SAFETY 3 SCOPE OF THE CONSTRUCTION CRAFT WORKER TRADE 4 OCCUPATIONAL OBSERVATIONS 6 ESSENTIAL SKILLS SUMMARY 7 BLOCK A BLOCK B COMMON OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS Task 1 Performs safety-related functions. 9 Task 2 Uses and maintains tools and equipment. 11 Task 3 Organizes work. 15 Task 4 Performs routine trade activities. 17 Task 5 Prepares site. 23 Task 6 Performs ground work. 26 Task 7 Services site. 29 Task 8 Performs basic demolition. 33 Task 9 Performs safety watches. 35 SITE WORK - III - BLOCK C BLOCK D BLOCK E BLOCK F BLOCK G SCAFFOLDING AND ACCESS EQUIPMENT Task 10 Uses scaffolding. 38 Task 11 Uses access equipment. 42 CONCRETE WORK Task 12 Forms concrete. 45 Task 13 Places and finishes concrete. 48 Task 14 Modifies concrete. 52 Task 15 Places/Applies grout, epoxies and caulking. 55 MASONRY WORK Task 16 Prepares for masonry work. 57 Task 17 Tends to bricklayers. 59 UTILITIES AND PIPELINE Task 18 Installs utility piping for water and sewer installations. 62 Task 19 Performs pipeline activities. 66 Task 20 Installs road surface material. 68 Task 21 Installs roadwork components. 70 ROADWORK APPENDICES APPENDIX A TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT 75 APPENDIX B GLOSSARY 79 APPENDIX C ACRONYMS 85 APPENDIX D BLOCK AND TASK WEIGHTING 86 - IV - APPENDIX E PIE CHART 90 APPENDIX F TASK PROFILE CHART 91 -V- STRUCTURE OF ANALYSIS To facilitate understanding of the occupation, the work performed by tradespersons is divided into the following categories: Blocks the largest division within the analysis that is comprised of a distinct set of trade activities Tasks distinct actions that describe the activities within a block Sub-Tasks distinct actions that describe the activities within a task Key Competencies activities that a person should be able to do in order to be called ‘competent’ in the trade The analysis also provides the following information: Trends changes identified that impact or will impact the trade including work practices, technological advances, and new materials and equipment Related Components a list of products, items, materials and other elements relevant to the block Tools and Equipment categories of tools and equipment used to perform all tasks in the block; these tools and equipment are listed in Appendix A Context information to clarify the intent and meaning of tasks Required Knowledge the elements of knowledge that an individual must acquire to adequately perform a task - VI - The appendices located at the end of the analysis are described as follows: Appendix A — Tools and Equipment a non-exhaustive list of tools and equipment used in this trade Appendix B — Glossary definitions or explanations of selected technical terms used in the analysis Appendix C — Acronyms a list of acronyms used in the analysis with their full name Appendix D — Block and Task Weighting the block and task percentages submitted by each jurisdiction, and the national averages of these percentages; these national averages determine the number of questions for each block and task in the Interprovincial exam Appendix E — Pie Chart a graph which depicts the national percentages of exam questions assigned to blocks Appendix F — Task Profile Chart a chart which outlines graphically the blocks, tasks and sub-tasks of this analysis - VII - DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF ANALYSIS Development of Analysis A draft analysis is developed by a committee of industry experts in the field led by a team of facilitators from ESDC. This draft analysis breaks down all the tasks performed in the occupation and describes the knowledge and abilities required for a tradesperson to demonstrate competence in the trade. Draft Review The NOA development team then forwards a copy of the analysis and its translation to provincial and territorial authorities for a review of its content and structure. Their recommendations are assessed and incorporated into the analysis. Validation and Weighting The analysis is sent to all provinces and territories for validation and weighting. Participating jurisdictions consult with industry to validate and weight the document, examining the blocks, tasks and sub-tasks of the analysis as follows: BLOCKS Each jurisdiction assigns a percentage of questions to each block for an examination that would cover the entire trade. TASKS Each jurisdiction assigns a percentage of exam questions to each task within a block. SUB-TASKS Each jurisdiction indicates, with a YES or NO, whether or not each subtask is performed by skilled workers within the occupation in its jurisdiction. The results of this exercise are submitted to the NOA development team who then analyzes the data and incorporates it into the document. The NOA provides the individual jurisdictional validation results as well as the national averages of all responses. The national averages for block and task weighting guide the Interprovincial Red Seal Examination plan for the trade. This method for the validation of the NOA also identifies common core sub-tasks across Canada for the occupation. If at least 70% of the responding jurisdictions perform a sub-task, it shall be considered common core. Interprovincial Red Seal Examinations are based on the common core sub-tasks identified through this validation process. - VIII - Definitions for Validation and Weighting YES sub-task performed by qualified workers in the occupation in a specific jurisdiction NO sub-task not performed by qualified workers in the occupation in a specific jurisdiction NV analysis Not Validated by a province/territory ND trade Not Designated in a province/territory NOT COMMON CORE (NCC) sub-task, task or block performed by less than 70% of responding jurisdictions; these will not be tested by the Interprovincial Red Seal Examination for the trade NATIONAL AVERAGE % average percentage of questions assigned to each block and task in Interprovincial Red Seal Examination for the trade Provincial/Territorial Abbreviations NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU Newfoundland and Labrador Nova Scotia Prince Edward Island New Brunswick Quebec Ontario Manitoba Saskatchewan Alberta British Columbia Northwest Territories Yukon Territory Nunavut - IX - ANALYSIS SAFETY Safe working procedures and conditions, accident prevention, and the preservation of health are of primary importance to industry in Canada. These responsibilities are shared and require the joint efforts of government, employers and employees. It is imperative that all parties become aware of circumstances that may lead to injury or harm. Safe learning experiences and work environments can be created by controlling the variables and behaviours that may contribute to accidents or injury. It is generally recognized that safety-conscious attitudes and work practices contribute to a healthy, safe and accident-free work environment. It is imperative to apply and be familiar with the Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) Acts and Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) regulations. As well, it is essential to determine workplace hazards and take measures to protect oneself, co-workers, the public and the environment. Safety education is an integral part of training in all jurisdictions. As safety is an imperative part of all trades, it is assumed and therefore it is not included as a qualifier of any activities. However, the technical safety tasks and sub-tasks specific to the trade are included in this analysis. -3- SCOPE OF THE CONSTRUCTION CRAFT WORKER TRADE “Construction Craft Worker” is this trade’s official Red Seal occupational title approved by the Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship. This analysis covers tasks performed by construction craft workers whose occupational title has been identified by some provinces and territories of Canada under the following names: NL Construction Craft Labourer Construction Craft Worker NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU Construction craft workers work mostly on construction sites; their tasks include site preparation and cleanup, setting up and removing access equipment, and working on concrete, masonry, steel, wood and pre-cast erecting projects. They handle materials and equipment and perform demolition, excavation and compaction activities. They may also perform site safety and security checks. Construction craft workers work on a wide variety of structures such as residential, and industrial, commercial and institutional (ICI) sites, as well as hydroelectric dams, roadways, bridges, tunnels, mines and railways. In some jurisdictions, they may also work on utility, landscape and pipeline projects. Construction craft workers may work for private companies as well as municipal, provincial and federal governments. With experience, construction craft workers who complete additional training may specialize in different areas of construction. This can include operating off-road vehicles, drilling, blasting, scaling, sandblasting, high-pressure washing, diving, tunnelling and performing emergency rescue. Another common responsibility is the management of pedestrian and vehicular traffic in situations involving potential hazards and public trust. Construction craft workers work primarily outdoors, in all weather conditions. They are often required to work at heights, over water and in confined spaces and excavations. Their job settings may be in densely-populated urban settings or at remote locations. They often work overtime during peak construction periods. Key attributes for workers in this trade are mechanical aptitude, manual dexterity and an ability to do hard physical work. They must also be able to work both as team members, and sometimes, to interact directly with the public where considerations such as safety and legal liability are at issue. Organizational, leadership, problem solving and document interpretation skills are assets for anyone wanting to progress in this trade. -4- This analysis acknowledges similarities with many construction trades. With experience construction craft workers may have opportunities to advance. -5- OCCUPATIONAL OBSERVATIONS Due to more stringent environmental regulations, the industry is seeing an increased emphasis upon recycling requirements and other environmental protection activities. To meet these standards, construction craft workers are seeing an increase in duties, requiring a larger skilled workforce. These new standards are also associated with increased diversification of tasks undertaken by this trade, heightened demands for resourcefulness on the jobsite and capacity to function year-round rather than on a merely seasonal basis. Also, new green construction methods adhering to Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), such as building green roofs and other aspects of work in the power sector work (e.g. wind turbines, solar) require construction craft workers to expand their skills. There is increased pressure from industry to accomplish tasks in a shorter time period even as year-round rather than seasonal work increasingly becomes a standard requirement of this trade. Increased technological advances such as digital equipment, pipe remediation and robotics are leading to an increased emphasis on training. The use of global positioning systems (GPS) is becoming more popular for layout, grading and locates. Increased safety and technical training is being supported in the construction industry. -6- ESSENTIAL SKILLS SUMMARY Essential skills are needed for work, learning and life. They provide the foundation for learning all other skills and enable people to evolve with their jobs and adapt to workplace change. Through extensive research, the Government of Canada and other national and international agencies have identified and validated nine essential skills. These skills are used in nearly every occupation and throughout daily life in different ways. A series of CCDA-endorsed tools have been developed to support apprentices in their training and to be better prepared for a career in the trades. The tools can be used independently or with the assistance of a tradesperson, trainer, employer, teacher or mentor to: • • • understand how essential skills are used in the trades; learn about individual essential skills strengths and areas for improvement; and improve essential skills and increase success in an apprenticeship program. Tools are available online or for order at: http://www.esdc.gc.ca/eng/jobs/les/tools/index.shtml. The application of these skills may be described throughout this document within the competency statements which support each subtask of the trade. The following are summaries of the requirements in each of the essential skills, taken from the essential skills profile. A link to the complete essential skills profile can be found at www.red-seal.ca. Reading Construction craft workers read a variety of material such as safety data sheets (SDS) and prejob safety instructions (PSI). They also may refer to instructions and procedures for guidelines on mixing mortars and cleaning parts, and manuals for guidelines on inspecting and operating mobile and stationary equipment including load charts. Construction craft workers may read trade journals, brochures and website articles to learn about new products and construction technologies. Document Use Construction craft workers interpret labels on product packaging and equipment to locate specifications, times, safety information and identification numbers. They also interpret technical drawings such as floor plans, schematics and assembly drawings. They complete documents including orientation and equipment inspection forms. Writing Construction craft workers use writing skills to complete logbooks to record the outcome of safety inspections and write notes to co-workers concerning items such as defective equipment. They may be required to prepare short reports, such as describing events leading up to a workplace accident. -7- Oral Communication Construction craft workers exchange information with co-workers and other tradespeople. They talk to supervisors to learn about job assignments and to coordinate activities and schedules. Construction craft workers participate in staff meetings to discuss safety, goals, procedures, job time-frames and projects. They speak to suppliers to determine policies, prices and delivery schedules. Numeracy Construction craft workers take measurements using a range of tools and compare measurements to specifications. They estimate quantities and weights. Construction craft workers perform calculations including calculating material requirements. Thinking Skills Construction craft workers use thinking skills to organize their work. They decide on the order of tasks and how to work around issues that can arise such as material shortages and equipment breakdowns. They evaluate the safety of worksites by identifying hazards. They evaluate the quality of work by taking measurements and checking alignment. Construction craft workers may attempt to troubleshoot equipment problems. They may also recommend whether parts are reusable or can be rebuilt. Working with Others Construction craft workers may work independently or with a journeyperson or apprentice to accomplish their assigned tasks. On large jobs, they may work as a member of a team. Digital Technology Construction craft workers use digital tools such as multimeters and scan tools to measure current, voltage and resistance. They use calculators to complete numeracy related tasks. Construction craft workers use communication software/devices to exchange information. They may access online information such as bulletins and training courses. They may also use computers to complete topographical surveys and generate diagrams as well as to view blueprints. Continuous Learning Construction craft workers have a recurring requirement to learn. This includes learning about new work materials and construction procedures. They may take part in company or jobsite safety training and training to remain up to date in first aid practices. -8- BLOCK A COMMON OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS Trends There is an increased emphasis on safety in all aspects of a construction craft worker’s job. In an effort to increase safety and to track performance, more documentation and training is required. Related Components All components apply. Tools and Equipment See Appendix A. Task 1 Performs safety-related functions. Construction craft workers must perform safety-related functions in order to be safe in the workplace. Context Required Knowledge K1 WHMIS K2 locations of SDS documents K3 workers’ rights and responsibilities K4 company safety manuals, policies and procedures, and codes of practice K5 transportation of dangerous goods (TDG) procedures K6 training and certification requirements such as traffic control, fall protection, working at heights, and confined space K7 emergency procedures and muster area K8 disposal and recycling procedures K9 Canadian Standards Association (CSA) approved personal protective equipment (PPE) such as high-visibility vests, eye protection, safety boots, hard hats, harnesses, hearing protection and respirators K 10 types of safety equipment such as fire extinguishers, first aid kits, safety tape and barricades K 11 PPE and safety equipment operations K 12 training and certification requirements for using PPE and safety equipment K 13 location of PPE and safety equipment -9- K 14 OH&S regulations regarding the use of PPE and safety equipment K 15 limitations of PPE such as respirators and fall protection equipment K 16 types and operation of fire extinguishing equipment K 17 authorities having jurisdiction (AHJ) K 18 lock-out and tag-out procedures K 19 housekeeping practices Sub-task A-1.01 NL NV Maintains safe work environment. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-1.01.01 apply safety procedures A-1.01.02 apply WHMIS procedures such as record keeping of SDS, and product identification, handling and disposal A-1.01.03 install barricades, signage and tape-off areas to isolate work area, to bring attention to potential hazardous situations, and to prevent entry of workers and public on site A-1.01.04 remove all tripping hazards such as debris, material and equipment A-1.01.05 participate in job-site specific orientation prior to working on a new jobsite A-1.01.06 participate in safety, Joint Occupational Health and Safety (JOHS), job hazard analysis and tool box (tailgate) meetings A-1.01.07 recognize personal injury hazards A-1.01.08 report and prevent potential hazards such as defective equipment, not tying off ladders, uncovered man holes and open hatches A-1.01.09 recognize, correct and report unsafe work practices, near misses or conditions A-1.01.10 perform lock-out and tag-out procedures A-1.01.11 apply site safety plan that is posted on the jobsite to locate safety equipment such as eye wash stations, first aid kits and rooms, and decontamination showers - 10 - Sub-task A-1.02 NL NV Uses personal protective equipment (PPE) and safety equipment. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-1.02.01 identify and select types of PPE according to task, jurisdictional regulations and jobsite specifications A-1.02.02 inspect PPE and safety equipment for damage and defects A-1.02.03 store PPE and safety equipment A-1.02.04 tag defective PPE and safety equipment, and remove from service A-1.02.05 verify certification of PPE and safety equipment prior to use A-1.02.06 maintain safety equipment by cleaning according to manufacturers’ specifications A-1.02.07 use fall protection equipment following guidelines such as proper lanyard length and anchoring points A-1.02.08 follow manufacturers’ guidelines on lifespan and proper use of PPE Task 2 Uses and maintains tools and equipment. Construction craft workers use a wide variety of tools and equipment in order to carry out their daily tasks. Special training or certification may be required to operate some of these tools and equipment. Context Required Knowledge K1 types of hand tools such as hammers, pry bars and screwdrivers K2 types of electric and gas power tools such as chippers, quick-cut saws, circular saws, reciprocating saws, grinders and drills K3 types of hydraulic power tools such as jacks, hammers and rock splitters K4 types of pneumatic power tools such as jackhammers and breakers K5 types of powder-actuated tools such as manual and trigger-operated K6 applications of powder-actuated tools K7 training and certification requirements K8 types of rigging equipment such as shackles, swivel hooks, cradles, turnbuckles and slings - 11 - K9 types of hoisting equipment such as come-alongs, chainfalls and grip hoists K 10 uses and limitations of rigging and hoisting equipment K 11 rigging and hoisting equipment regulations K 12 types of loads such as liquid, reinforcing steel, fly tables and tilt-up panels K 13 load radius and center of gravity K 14 rated capacity of hardware K 15 stationary equipment such as water pumps, concrete pumps, heaters, generators, compressors and light towers K 16 types of pumps such as electric, hydraulic, pneumatic and fuel-powered K 17 types of heaters such as electric, fuel-fired, glycol and steam K 18 operation of equipment K 19 sandblasters K 20 types of mobile equipment such as skidsteers, mini-excavators and telescopic forklifts (telehandlers) Sub-task A-2.01 NL NV Maintains hand, power and powder-actuated tools. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-2.01.01 clean tools A-2.01.02 organize tools by grouping like tools together A-2.01.03 sharpen hand tools such as scrapers and chisels A-2.01.04 store tools in tool crib A-2.01.05 replace components such as springs, bits and blades A-2.01.06 recognize worn, damaged or defective tools and tag for removal from service A-2.01.07 lubricate moving parts as required A-2.01.08 verify battery packs are charged - 12 - Sub-task A-2.02 NL NV Uses rigging and hoisting equipment. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-2.02.01 select rigging and hoisting equipment such as chains, slings, cradles, spreader bars, cables, shackles, softeners and tag lines A-2.02.02 estimate load weights and verify that rigging equipment is rated for the load weight according to inspection tags A-2.02.03 rig loads considering factors such as designated lift points and stability triangle, and ensure the load is stable A-2.02.04 control load using tag lines A-2.02.05 inspect rigging and hoisting equipment for wear, damage and defects, tagging any equipment designated for removal A-2.02.06 maintain hoisting equipment by replacing safety clips and lubricating A-2.02.07 store rigging equipment such as nylon straps and slings in dry area A-2.02.08 store rigging and hoisting equipment in designated area Sub-task A-2.03 NL NV Uses stationary equipment. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-2.03.01 select equipment such as light towers, generators, compressors and discharge (water) pumps and their components such as electrical cords, hoses, shut off valves and ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCI) A-2.03.02 recognize hazards of using stationary equipment such as flammable fuels and exhaust gases A-2.03.03 operate stationary equipment according to manufacturers’ specifications A-2.03.04 place, set up and secure stationary equipment in well-ventilated area and on level ground A-2.03.05 check, monitor and maintain fluids such as oil, fuel and engine coolant A-2.03.06 complete daily maintenance logbooks according to company policy or jobsite requirements - 13 - A-2.03.07 inspect and monitor stationary equipment and components for damage and faults such as abraded hoses, frayed electrical cords and leaks A-2.03.08 start diesel and gasoline engines according to manufacturers’ specifications A-2.03.09 shut down stationary equipment according to manufacturers’ specifications A-2.03.10 store and maintain stationary equipment according to manufacturers’ specifications Sub-task A-2.04 NL NV Uses sandblaster. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-2.04.01 select sandblaster components and materials such as hoses, nozzles, abrasives and shut off valves A-2.04.02 recognize hazards such as dust and high pressure flying abrasives and debris A-2.04.03 operate sandblaster according to manufacturers’ specifications and using a ventilation hood A-2.04.04 establish and adjust abrasive and airflow mixture according to task requirements A-2.04.05 inspect and monitor sandblaster and components for damage A-2.04.06 coordinate use of sandblaster with pot attendant for operating and shutdown procedures according to manufacturers’ specifications A-2.04.07 store sandblaster pot and abrasives in a dry location and maintain equipment according to manufacturers’ specifications A-2.04.08 identify containment and safe work area for sandblasting - 14 - Sub-task A-2.05 NL NV Uses mobile equipment. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-2.05.01 operate and maintain mobile equipment such as skidsteers, mini-excavators and telescopic forklifts (telehandlers) according to manufacturers’ specifications A-2.05.02 recognize hazards such as blind spots, pedestrian traffic, obstacles, power lines, flammable fuels and exhaust gases A-2.05.03 check, monitor and maintain fluids such as oil, fuel and engine coolant A-2.05.04 complete daily maintenance logbooks according to company policy or jobsite requirements A-2.05.05 inspect and monitor mobile equipment and components for damage and faults such as hydraulic hoses and leaks A-2.05.06 start and shut down diesel and gasoline engines according to manufacturers’ specifications A-2.05.07 work with spotters in congested work areas to mitigate hazards such as blind spots, pedestrian traffic, obstacles and power lines Task 3 Organizes work. Construction craft workers must use a variety of documents, communicate with others and plan their specific tasks in order to organize their work. Communication on the work site is crucial in order to complete the work in a safe and efficient manner. Context Required Knowledge K1 types of documentation such as work records, job hazard analysis (JHA), codes and regulations K2 safety documentation such as SDS, WHMIS symbols and monitoring sheets for safety watches K3 site-specific documentation such as safe work permits and job procedure manuals K4 requirements for task - 15 - K5 limitations of equipment and material K6 hazards of task K7 sequence of construction tasks K8 jobsite roles and responsibilities K9 different formats of documents such as paper or digital K 10 communication methods such as oral, written, digital, electronic and international hand signals Sub-task A-3.01 NL NV Uses documentation. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-3.01.01 interpret drawings such as blueprints, engineering drawings and sketches A-3.01.02 interpret work orders A-3.01.03 locate and remain current with information such as job procedures, OH&S regulations, and SDS A-3.01.04 reference manufacturers’ specifications and safe operating procedures for equipment A-3.01.05 sketch diagrams to visualize work A-3.01.06 complete work-related records such as incident reports, daily logs, JHA and PSI according to jurisdictional requirements A-3.01.07 check material received against work orders and specifications A-3.01.08 obtain jobsite work permits for activities such as excavation, hot work and confined space entry - 16 - Sub-task A-3.02 NL NV Communicates with others. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-3.02.01 acquire information through questioning A-3.02.02 use communication systems such as hand held radios, international hand signals, posted signs and ribbons for control zones A-3.02.03 share knowledge and experience with others including mentoring A-3.02.04 consult with supervisors, coworkers, other trades people and AHJ A-3.02.05 share PSI documentation A-3.02.06 participate in jobsite meetings such as tailgates and other safety meetings Task 4 Performs routine trade activities. Construction craft workers perform various routine tasks throughout all major areas of the trade. Establishing and maintaining grades and elevations is an important part of a construction craft worker’s duties. Context Some of the activities within this section, especially using grades and elevations, and traffic control require specialized training or certification. Traffic control applies to vehicular, pedestrian and coworker traffic. Required Knowledge K1 types of materials such as lumber, soil, piping, concrete and masonry units K2 required and available storage area such as lay down areas, sea cans and tool cribs K3 effects of environmental and chemical exposure on workers and materials K4 manual lifting procedures K5 equipment such as forklifts, wheelbarrows and telescoping booms K6 types of hoarding material such as insulated tarpaulins, polyethylene and plywood K7 applications of hoarding/enclosures such as enclosing scaffolding, concrete formwork and soil - 17 - K8 environmental conditions such as wind, snow and rain, and their potential impact K9 types of framework for hoarding/enclosures such as scaffolding, existing structures and wood K 10 types of membranes such as polyethylene, waterproofing membranes and landscaping fabric K 11 membrane application methods such as gluing, torching and spraying K 12 types of insulating materials such as styrofoam, fireproofing materials, straw and fiberglass K 13 applications of insulating materials such as preventing underground piping, sewers and concrete from freezing K 14 manufacturers’ and engineering specifications K 15 job requirements for insulation K 16 applications where grades and elevations must be established such as roadwork, utilities and concrete placement K 17 required grades and elevations according to plans and specifications K 18 types of temporary benchmarks such as marks on fire hydrants, nail and ribbon, and grade stakes K 19 use of permanent monuments and benchmarks K 20 worksites requiring traffic control such as roadwork, utility installation and concrete placement K 21 types of travel restrictive systems such as barricades, flagging and barriers K 22 regulations regarding traffic control K 23 training and certification requirements K 24 fencing types such as snow, chain link, silt and temporary K 25 applications that require fencing such as limiting access, environmental protection and security purposes - 18 - Sub-task A-4.01 NL NV Handles construction materials. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-4.01.01 load and unload project materials, and secure for transport A-4.01.02 handle, store and secure materials such as propane cylinders and oxyacetylene tanks according to regulations A-4.01.03 store materials such as lumber, formwork and masonry products for easy access and egress A-4.01.04 maintain a continuous supply of materials to ensure efficient flow of work Sub-task A-4.02 NL NV Performs site housekeeping and maintenance. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-4.02.01 select and use housekeeping tools and equipment such as brooms, shovels, skidsteers and garbage bins A-4.02.02 pick up loose material for recycling and garbage A-4.02.03 control dust using dust control measures such as water, calcium and sweeping compound A-4.02.04 clear walkways, platforms, entrances/exits, stairways and parking area of snow, ice, water and mud, using water pumps, sand and skidsteers A-4.02.05 clean trailers and washrooms to maintain a healthy environment for all workers A-4.02.06 supply fresh drinking water and maintain coolers for workers A-4.02.07 maintain spill kits and drip pans ensuring fully stocked in case of spill A-4.02.08 check, tag and replace fire extinguishers as needed - 19 - Sub-task A-4.03 NL NV Erects hoarding/enclosures. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-4.03.01 cover hoarding/enclosures such as concrete piles, scaffolding and concrete pours with materials such as insulated tarps, polyethylene and screening A-4.03.02 secure hoarding/enclosures with materials such as wire, nails, rope, cable and weights A-4.03.03 install access and egress to hoarding/enclosures according to engineers specifications A-4.03.04 provide heat and ventilation in hoarding/enclosures according to code A-4.03.05 dismantle hoarding/enclosures A-4.03.06 identify when hoarding/enclosure becomes a confined space Sub-task A-4.04 NL NV Installs membranes. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-4.04.01 inspect walls for deformities prior to installation to ensure placement and adhesion A-4.04.02 prepare concrete using methods such as “roughing up”, washing, grinding high spots and priming A-4.03.03 apply membranes according to manufacturers’ specifications A-4.03.04 protect membranes with materials such as treated wood, styrofoam and fiberboard according to job specifications - 20 - Sub-task A-4.05 NL NV Installs insulating materials. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-4.05.01 select and use tools and equipment such as powder-actuated tools, trowels, hammers and drills A-4.05.02 cut, secure and tape insulating materials according to manufacturers’ and job specifications A-4.05.03 apply insulation according to manufacturers’ and job specifications Sub-task A-4.06 NL NV Establishes grades and elevations. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-4.06.01 find monuments and benchmarks according to engineering blueprint A-4.06.02 select and use tools and equipment such as metal detectors, builders’ and laser levels A-4.06.03 assist surveyor to establish sub-grade and final-grade according to engineered blueprints A-4.06.04 establish temporary benchmarks A-4.06.05 work from temporary benchmarks to set up elevations, slopes and layouts - 21 - Sub-task A-4.07 NL NV Performs traffic control. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-4.07.01 control pedestrian and vehicular traffic on work site A-4.07.02 install temporary signs, signals, pylons, barriers and barricades according to job specifications and AHJ A-4.07.03 instruct and place flagpersons according to jurisdictional regulations A-4.07.04 drive pilot vehicle through construction area and communicate with flagpersons by radio to ensure flow of traffic A-4.07.05 set up detours and closures for vehicles and pedestrians according to job specifications Sub-task A-4.08 NL NV Installs permanent and temporary fencing. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies A-4.08.01 select and locate fencing for application and according to engineering and job specifications A-4.08.02 select and use tools and equipment such as augers, skidsteers, post pounders and backfill equipment A-4.08.03 place and secure permanent posts and fencing such as wood, chain-link, sound barriers, metal and vinyl using anchors and backfill materials according to engineering specifications A-4.08.04 place and secure temporary fencing such as snow, silt, metal, wood and net using existing structures, anchors and backfill materials to protect and secure workers and public according to job specifications A-4.08.05 construct temporary guardrails and covered walkways according to job specifications - 22 - BLOCK B SITE WORK Trends New technology requires a broader range of knowledge and skills. This increases the training necessary for construction craft workers to perform their tasks. Safety concerns within the industry are leading to increased safetyrelated duties such as monitoring hazardous environments and confined spaces. Stricter environmental regulations are changing the way construction material is handled. This requires more stringent methods for the disposal and recycling of existing material or components. Related Components All components apply. Tools and Equipment See Appendix A. Task 5 Prepares site. Construction craft workers are the first and last workers on a construction site. They clear sites and set up temporary facilities and utilities, allowing other trades to perform their tasks. This is also called mobilization. Context If required, depending on soil conditions, pilings are placed after the site is cleared. Required Knowledge K1 jurisdictional regulations K2 safe work permit requirements K3 environmental requirements K4 pre-existing site conditions and existing utilities K5 work site and set-up requirements such as locations of temporary buildings and fencing K6 employer requirements such as pre-JHA and safety considerations K7 areas to protect prior to work being performed - 23 - K8 location of pilings such as on land or in water K9 safety and rescue regulations and requirements K 10 soil types and their designations K 11 types of machinery such as pile drivers, pile drillers and cranes K 12 types of pilings such as concrete, H-beam, sheet and steel K 13 rigging requirements K 14 colour codes of flags or stakes Sub-task B-5.01 NL NV Clears site. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-5.01.01 select and use tools and equipment such as chain saws, surveying equipment, shovels, drills and picks B-5.01.02 interpret colour-coded flags and markers used to locate utilities B-5.01.03 bring site to working condition by performing actions such as removing buildings, debris and material, clearing brush, moving dirt and rocks, and stripping existing asphalt and concrete Sub-task B-5.02 NL NV Sets up site facilities. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-5.02.01 select and use tools and equipment such as shovels, rakes, wrenches, chains and telescopic forklifts (telehandlers) B-5.02.02 determine site layout taking into consideration excavations and location of buildings B-5.02.03 strategically place and level facilities such as work and warehouse trailers, lunch rooms and washrooms according to jobsite specifications B-5.02.04 install stairs and temporary connecting platforms to trailers according to specifications - 24 - B-5.02.05 assist other certified tradespersons in the set-up of temporary utilities such as water, sewer and electrical B-5.02.06 place safety equipment such as fire extinguishers, eye wash stations and first aid kits in specified locations B-5.02.07 set up equipment such as photocopiers, tables, chairs and refrigerators B-5.02.08 display site permits in specific location such as main site office or main gate B-5.02.09 set up muster points and emergency meeting points Sub-task B-5.03 NL NV Assists in installation of pilings. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-5.03.01 assist in setting up, refueling and dismantling piling machines B-5.03.02 set up machinery by connecting hoses and compressors B-5.03.03 establish and set up a safe work area B-5.03.04 adjust to changing work environments such as working on boats and barges, and off sheet pilings B-5.03.05 select and use tools and equipment such as measuring tapes, levels, grinders and cutting torches B-5.03.06 assist with drilling piling holes and clear debris out according to job specifications B-5.03.07 measure, modify and place rebar cages in pile holes B-5.03.08 direct machine operator to install pilings into position using piling machine according to site specifications B-5.03.09 inspect piles to ensure they are plumb and in position using leveling instruments B-5.03.10 inform supervisors of problems as they arise and provide progress report - 25 - Sub-task B-5.04 NL NV Builds access and egress roads. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-5.04.01 select and use tools and equipment such as compaction equipment and hand tools B-5.04.02 assist in removing existing material such as soil or gravel down to hard pan B-5.04.03 select material according to specifications for road base, backfill and grades B-5.04.04 compact road according to site specifications B-5.04.05 guide road building machinery including installing offset stake lines and benchmarks Task 6 Performs ground work. Ground work is done on ICI, residential, and civil sites (roads, bridges, railways). Context Excavation is a procedure to break ground, remove existing material and allow components to be installed within the excavation site. Backfilling is the activity of filling an excavation. Compaction is an action required to consolidate backfill. Required Knowledge K1 safe work and excavation permit requirements K2 soil conditions K3 pre-existing site conditions and existing utilities K4 jurisdictional regulations K5 types of soil such as clay, sand and gravel K6 reclamation of contaminated soils K7 types of sub-grades K8 depth and angle of repose of excavation and trench K9 certification and inspection requirements for shoring and trench boxes (cages) K 10 types of shoring such as sheet pilings, wood structures, steel structures and trench boxes - 26 - K 11 types of material used for backfill such as gravel, sand and fill-crete K 12 type and thickness of finished road surface to be placed K 13 moisture content and compaction rates K 14 required equipment and corresponding safety requirements K 15 use of water during compaction K 16 rigging and hoisting procedures for lifting shoring Sub-task B-6.01 NL NV Locates underground utilities. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-6.01.01 select and use tools and equipment such as scan and hand tools, and mobile equipment B-6.01.02 identify type and depth of underground utilities using scan tools and “call before you dig” services B-6.01.03 interpret meaning of colour-coded flags or stakes to identify type and area of utilities B-6.01.04 interpret as-built drawings for underground utility locations B-6.01.05 expose utilities by hand digging (daylighting), using hydro-vac equipment and by assisting machine operator in removal of soil Sub-task B-6.02 NL NV Performs excavation. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-6.02.01 select and use tools and equipment such as shovels, pick axes, levels, lasers, mini excavators and skidsteers B-6.02.02 use excavation methods according to application B-6.02.03 guide heavy equipment operator to accomplish required tasks such as digging to required depth and slope B-6.02.04 perform hand excavations and machine-assisted excavations - 27 - B-6.02.05 install temporary access and egress to trenches and other excavations B-6.02.06 take measurements of excavations to ensure size, depth and slope of excavation are according to job and OH&S specifications Sub-task B-6.03 NL NV Installs excavation shoring. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-6.03.01 select and use tools and equipment such as shovels, chain saws and mobile equipment B-6.03.02 assemble and place shoring and trench boxes (cage) according to jurisdictional regulations B-6.03.03 guide heavy equipment operator to accomplish required tasks such as picking up shoring and digging to required depth B-6.03.04 install temporary access and egress to excavation Sub-task B-6.04 NL NV Performs backfill and compaction. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-6.04.01 select and use tools and equipment such as compacting, mobile and measuring equipment, and shovels B-6.04.02 assess type and amount of backfill material needed according to dimension of excavation B-6.04.03 install excavation components such as weeping tiles, culverts, manholes and piping B-6.04.04 guide heavy equipment operator in operations such as finishing roadwork sub-grade and compactable lifts B-6.04.05 follow backfill and compaction procedures according to applications such as covering utilities, installing shoring and preparing to pour concrete, and to meet job specifications - 28 - Task 7 Services site. Construction craft workers perform general maintenance activities. This helps to ensure a safe, clean and efficient workplace within jurisdictional regulations and jobsite-specific rules. Context Required Knowledge K1 materials used in construction K2 WHMIS K3 company- or site-specific procedures for controlled materials K4 types of facilities to be cleaned and corresponding procedures to be used K5 hazards associated with cleaning products K6 hazardous materials such as oil, radiation, liquids, plutonium, asbestos, leadbased materials, silica in concrete and bio-hazards K7 types of PPE required K8 jurisdictional regulations regarding handling hazardous materials, recycling and noise levels K9 site-specific rules regarding handling hazardous materials, recycling and vaccination K 10 uses of settling ponds K 11 types of temporary lighting such as string lights, quartz lighting, light plants and tower lights K 12 installation and maintenance procedures for temporary lighting K 13 GFCI use K 14 training and certification requirements K 15 types of fuel used in generators and compressors such as gas and diesel K 16 sizes and uses of generators and compressors K 17 ventilation requirements K 18 start-up and shut-down procedures for generators and compressors K 19 site conditions K 20 areas protected prior to work being performed K 21 activities that require additional protection such as controlled zones and shielding K 22 types of restoration activities such as replacing landscaping and replacing removed material and equipment K 23 tools, equipment, supplies and consumables - 29 - K 24 security requirements for tool crib K 25 materials that can be recycled Sub-task B-7.01 NL NV Addresses suspected hazardous materials. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-7.01.01 select and use tools and equipment such as PPE, spill kits, hand tools and mobile equipment B-7.01.02 identify hazardous materials B-7.01.03 handle, store and dispose of hazardous materials according to established procedures and jurisdictional regulations B-7.01.04 clean spill by using spill kit according to type of hazardous material B-7.01.05 notify appropriate authority according to jurisdictional regulations Sub-task B-7.02 NL NV Controls water runoff. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-7.02.01 select and use tools and equipment such as hand tools, pumps and mobile equipment B-7.02.02 select environmental material such as silt fencing, filtered cloths and straw bales B-7.02.03 apply preventative measures such as installing silt fencing, filtered cloths and other barriers to prevent environmental contamination or to control damage B-7.02.04 assist in building settling ponds, dig trenches and build berms to direct water runoff - 30 - Sub-task B-7.03 NL NV Sets up temporary lighting. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-7.03.01 select and use tools and equipment such as mobile equipment and hand tools B-7.03.02 level and stabilize tower lights B-7.03.03 inspect and maintain temporary lighting according to manufacturers’ specifications B-7.03.04 start and maintain gas- or diesel-powered light plants (tower lights) and string lights according to manufacturers’ specifications and jurisdictional regulations Sub-task B-7.04 NL NV Sets up generators and compressors. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-7.04.01 select spill tray to prevent spills according to environmental regulations B-7.04.02 maintain generators and compressors according to manufacturers’ specifications using methods such as checking oil and fuel levels, replacing valve handles and bleeding condensation from tank B-7.04.03 position and level generators and compressors B-7.04.04 connect compressor fittings such as quick couplings, air hoses and safety pins, according to specifications B-7.04.05 interpret and adjust gauges on compressors B-7.04.06 select attachment hoses and appropriate whip checks B-7.04.07 select and place compressors and attachments used for tool operation ensuring adequate ventilation - 31 - Sub-task B-7.05 NL NV Performs site restoration. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-7.05.01 refer to documentation of original conditions of jobsite for restoration and other purposes B-7.05.02 select and use tools and equipment such as hand tools and mobile equipment B-7.05.03 return site to original condition within acceptable parameters by performing activities such as landscaping and replacing removed material and equipment Sub-task B-7.06 NL NV Manages tool crib. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND Key Competencies B-7.06.01 organize tool crib B-7.06.02 sign out and sign in tools and equipment manually or electronically B-7.06.03 inspect and maintain tools and equipment and do minor repairs B-7.06.04 perform inventory control - 32 - NU ND Sub-task B-7.07 NL NV Recycles materials. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-7.07.01 sort and store recycled materials such as cardboard, plastics, glass, reclaimed concrete and metals in designated area according to jurisdictional regulations and jobsite specifications B-7.07.02 organize recycled materials for shipping B-7.07.03 identify materials that can be reused onsite such as forms, plywood, lumber and steel Task 8 Performs basic demolition. Construction craft workers dismantle and remove components, structures and buildings on ICI, residential, and civil sites. The process of dismantling changes according to site rules and conditions. Some construction craft workers can specialize in areas such as hazardous waste demolition or hydro-demolition. Context Required Knowledge K1 types of material being cut K2 types of cutting techniques according to application K3 dismantling techniques K4 hazards associated with cutting material K5 jurisdictional regulations and jobsite rules K6 safety equipment and PPE required K7 operating methods of oxy-acetylene and propane torches such as selecting tip types, setting regulators and igniting K8 material to be removed from specific jobsites K9 removal techniques according to application - 33 - Sub-task B-8.01 NL NV Cuts materials. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-8.01.01 select and use cutting tools and equipment such as torches, grinders and saws B-8.01.02 read gauges on oxy-acetylene torches and apply spark-control methods B-8.01.03 select attachments for cutting tools and equipment taking into consideration the thickness and type of material being cut B-8.01.04 select and use dust control methods to keep dust levels within permissible limits B-8.01.05 turn off utilities such as water and electrical B-8.01.06 verify electrical systems to ensure they are de-energized, and lock out and tag out equipment Sub-task B-8.02 NL NV Dismantles existing structures and components. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-8.02.01 select and use tools and equipment such as hand tools and mobile equipment B-8.02.02 select attachments for tools and equipment such as jackhammer bits, spade bits and saw blades B-8.02.03 recognize load bearing walls and other structural components B-8.02.04 set up chutes, drop areas and bins for disposal of material B-8.02.05 recognize hazardous materials such as radioactive and lead-based materials, asbestos and silica in concrete B-8.02.06 set up containment areas and establish PPE requirements for handling hazardous materials B-8.02.07 isolate or lock out and tag out utilities such as water and electrical B-8.02.08 verify electrical systems to ensure they are de-energized - 34 - Task 9 Performs safety watches. Safety watches are done by construction craft workers when co-workers are working in conditions that require monitoring. In some areas, performing these tasks may require additional training and certification. Context Required Knowledge K1 types and characteristics of gases such as hydrogen sulphide (H 2 S), carbon monoxide (CO) and methane (lower explosion limit [LEL] and upper explosion limit [UEL]) K2 areas to be monitored K3 types of monitoring equipment K4 PPE and safety equipment K5 permissible exposure levels K6 time weighted averages K7 jurisdictional regulations and site-specific rules K8 evacuation plans K9 area where work is being performed and equipment in use in the area K 10 work being performed such as welding, cutting, grinding and media blasting K 11 combustible and non-combustible materials K 12 types of compressed gases that need to be monitored such as breathable air and propane K 13 meaning of gauge readings K 14 what defines a confined space according to jurisdictional regulations, or site rules and specifications K 15 training and certification required to perform confined space watch and bottle watch duties K 16 characteristics of the areas to be monitored K 17 emergency rescue and evacuation plans K 18 rescue and evacuation equipment such as tripods, harnesses and lifelines K 19 communication methods such as hand signals, rope signals and using radios K 20 entry permits and certification requirements such as TDG and propane K 21 types of heaters such as propane, electric, radiant and glycol K 22 fire watch procedures - 35 - Sub-task B-9.01 NL NV Monitors hazardous gases. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-9.01.01 select and use monitoring equipment and gas testers (sniffer) B-9.01.02 function check monitoring equipment according to manufacturers’ specifications and AHJ B-9.01.03 interpret readings and alarms on monitoring equipment B-9.01.04 document readings and alert others when atmospheric conditions change Sub-task B-9.02 NL NV Performs fire watch. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-9.02.01 select and use tools and equipment such as fire extinguishing equipment, fire blankets and monitors B-9.02.02 assess conditions and apply measures such as using fire extinguishers, alerting others to evacuate jobsite and calling emergency services Sub-task B-9.03 NL NV Performs bottle watch. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-9.03.01 select and use tools and equipment such as hand and mobile tools B-9.03.02 read and understand gauge readings to recognize when bottles need to be changed or when alternate sources need to be activated B-9.03.03 change bottles when they are getting near critical levels B-9.03.04 communicate to confined space attendee of changed or changing conditions - 36 - Sub-task B-9.04 NL NV Performs confined space watch. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies B-9.04.01 use confined space entry and safety equipment B-9.04.02 select and use tools such as monitoring equipment B-9.04.03 function check monitoring equipment according to manufacturers’ specifications and AHJ B-9.04.04 interpret readings and alarms on monitoring equipment B-9.04.05 ventilate or purge confined space to remove hazardous gas and test air quality B-9.04.06 alert others of changes in working conditions such as atmospheric changes, environmental changes and hazardous activities around work area B-9.04.07 record readings B-9.04.08 assess conditions and apply appropriate measures such as calling emergency and rescue services, and following a pre-determined rescue plan Sub-task B-9.05 NL NV Monitors heaters. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND Key Competencies B-9.05.01 read and understand readings from gauges and hand-held digital thermometers B-9.05.02 select heaters according to application B-9.05.03 keep heaters operating taking into consideration temperature and applications B-9.05.04 inspect heaters and their surroundings for leaks B-9.05.05 recognize hazards of using heaters such as poor air circulation, melting tarpaulins, fires and leaks B-9.05.06 maintain heaters according to manufacturers’ specifications - 37 - NU ND SCAFFOLDING AND ACCESS EQUIPMENT BLOCK C Trends Scaffolding and ladders are being constructed with lighter and stronger materials. They are designed for easier setup and use. New designs of scaffolding and access equipment such as mast climber scaffolding systems are becoming more common. Power elevated platforms have been introduced with longer reach and more mechanized equipment. They have more safety features such as warning signals and automatic stops for unsafe operating conditions. Related Components (including, but not limited to) Scaffolding: platforms, cross bracing, base plates, screw jacks, outriggers, brackets, safety pins, tubes, clamps, beam clamps, aluminum beams, bolts, castors, u-heads, legs, wheels, safety gates. Ladders: extension, platform, stepladders. Power elevated work platforms: scissor lifts, manlifts, swing stages, articulating booms. See Appendix A. Tools and Equipment Task 10 Uses scaffolding. Scaffolding is used as a work platform to access work areas at heights. It is important for construction craft workers to be competent in its use to perform many of their tasks safely. It can also be used as overhead protection and to frame hoarding/enclosures. Context Required Knowledge K1 applicable jurisdictional codes and regulations, and jobsite specific rules K2 types of scaffolding such as systems, baker’s, frame and brace, mast climber system, and tube and clamp K3 mobile and stationary scaffolding K4 brace and platform sizes K5 scaffolding components such as clamps (swivel and right-angle), hardware, planking, outriggers and fasteners K6 overhang limitations when working with planking K7 tagging requirements for access - 38 - K8 safety inspection requirements for scaffolding K9 knot tying techniques K 10 communication methods such as hand signals, rope signals and using radios K 11 maintenance requirements K 12 PPE and safety equipment Sub-task C-10.01 NL NV Erects scaffolding. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies C-10.01.01 select and use tools and equipment such as levels, wrenches, sockets, drills and hammers C-10.01.02 interpret engineered plan C-10.01.03 select scaffolding according to job specifications C-10.01.04 fasten scaffolding components by aligning scaffold connectors C-10.01.05 select and install bracing for the specific job C-10.01.06 secure scaffolding for stability according to manufacturers’ and engineering specifications C-10.01.07 determine location of scaffolding taking into consideration obstacles such as stairwells, open holes and columns C-10.01.08 secure and level base using methods such as installing mud sills and bases, outriggers and shimming C-10.01.09 raise scaffolding components using manual and mechanical techniques C-10.01.10 place and use counterweights, and secure scaffold systems C-10.01.11 tag scaffolding to indicate readiness - 39 - Sub-task C-10.02 NL NV Inspects scaffolding. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies C-10.02.01 visually check welds, bracing components and planks for damages and faults C-10.02.02 visually identify faults such as stress cracks, warps, and bent bracing and frames C-10.02.03 tag components for repair or replacement C-10.02.04 remove defective components and scaffolding from service C-10.02.05 maintain platforms by visually checking for defects Sub-task C-10.03 NL NV Maintains scaffolding. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies C-10.03.01 select and use cleaning tools such as wire brushes, scrapers, hammers and shovels C-10.03.02 clean scaffolding by removing debris, tools and materials C-10.03.03 lubricate motorized and mechanical scaffolding - 40 - Sub-task C-10.04 NL NV Tends to scaffold erectors. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies C-10.04.01 recognize brace and platform sizes for specific work deck C-10.04.02 select and use tools and equipment such as measuring tapes, wedges, levels, adjustable wrenches, hammers and mobile equipment C-10.04.03 pass tools, equipment and components to scaffold erectors Sub-task C-10.05 NL NV Dismantles scaffolding. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies C-10.05.01 select and use tools and equipment such as adjustable wrenches, hammers, personnel lifts and pry bars C-10.05.02 determine starting point and follow procedure for dismantling C-10.05.03 lower scaffolding components using techniques such as hand bombing and rigging C-10.05.04 inventory, organize, stack and band scaffolding components in designated area for shipping - 41 - Task 11 Uses access equipment. Access equipment includes ladders as well as power elevated work platforms. It is used to access work areas at heights and for ease of mobility. It is important for construction craft workers to be competent in its use to perform many of their tasks safely. Context Required Knowledge K1 types of ladders such as extension, platform and stepladder K2 jurisdictional regulations for using ladders such as placement, 3-point contact, overhang, tie-off and kickplates K3 capabilities and applications of types of ladders K4 limitations and hazards of using ladders K5 types of power-elevated work platforms such as mast climber systems, scissor lifts, boom lifts and swing stages K6 training and certification requirements K7 limitations and procedures for use of power-elevated work platforms K8 weight capacities of power-elevated work platforms and extensions K9 applicable jurisdictional codes and regulations K 10 PPE and safety equipment K 11 safety inspection requirements for power-elevated work platforms K 12 location of gas/propane switches and emergency switches on power-elevated work platforms Sub-task C-11.01 NL NV Uses ladders. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND Key Competencies C-11.01.01 select ladder according to application C-11.01.02 set ladder according to slope ratio and overhang requirements C-11.01.03 assess and prepare the ground before using ladder C-11.01.04 tie-off ladder at top and bottom according to OH&S regulations C-11.01.05 use three-point contact when climbing and working on ladder - 42 - YT ND NU ND Sub-task C-11.02 NL NV Uses power-elevated work platforms. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies C-11.02.01 assess and prepare the ground before using power-elevated work platforms C-11.02.02 perform a pre-trip inspection and ensure work area is clear of material, equipment and debris C-11.02.03 operate power-elevated work platform by using controls such as boomup/boom-down, telescoping and drive controls C-11.02.04 set and use outriggers and pads to stabilize the power-elevated work platform C-11.02.05 use counterweights on support beams for swing stages to ensure ratio of load for the suspended work platform Sub-task C-11.03 NL NV Inspects access equipment. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies C-11.03.01 visually examine components such as hydraulic lines, batteries, nuts, bolts, cables, outriggers and work platforms, before and after use C-11.03.02 identify faults such as cracking, leaks in lines, corrosion, fraying cables, and deflated or damaged tires C-11.03.03 identify ladder defects such as bent rungs, split rails and cracks C-11.03.04 tag components for repair or replacement C-11.03.05 check emergency shut-off to ensure it is operational - 43 - Sub-task C-11.04 NL NV Maintains access equipment. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies C-11.04.01 clean work platforms and ladder rungs C-11.04.02 lubricate power-elevated work platform components C-11.04.03 maintain fluids such as hydraulic fluids and oils C-11.04.04 maintain equipment batteries by charging and maintaining water level C-11.04.05 refuel gas- and diesel-powered work platforms C-11.04.06 activate locking arm to prevent access equipment from descending during maintenance - 44 - BLOCK D CONCRETE WORK Trends New materials used to construct forms are available to make them lighter and easier to use and to improve productivity and longevity. For example, aluminium, fibreglass and plastic forms are being used in commercial and residential applications. Use of insulated concrete forms (ICF) is becoming more popular because of its energy efficiency. Concrete is increasingly used for aesthetic applications such as countertops and signage. Related Components Formwork: shoring, shoring hardware, bracing, mud sills, strongbacks, turnbuckles, walers, clamps, wedges, ties, clips, embeds. (including, but not limited to) Concrete, grout, epoxies, caulking, admixtures (plasticizers, accelerators, colours, hardeners), bonding agents, acids, polyethylene, burlap, curing compounds, sealers, form release agents. Tools and Equipment See Appendix A. Task 12 Forms concrete. Concrete forms are the beginning structure in most construction projects. They are used for architectural and structural applications. They hold and support concrete until it is set. Context Required Knowledge K1 types of shoring such as fixed, telescoping and scaffold K2 shoring hardware such as anchor pins, spring clips and base plates K3 shoring ratings and regulations K4 spacing of shoring K5 types of forms such as steel, handset (loose), fly table, fly form and void (for openings) K6 formwork components such as bracing, shoring, falsework, strongbacks, turnbuckles, walers, clamps, wedges, ties and clips K7 ratings and applications of types of formwork K8 materials used to create forms - 45 - K9 locations requiring inspection such as steps, bulkheads and corners K 10 dismantling procedures and sequences Sub-task D-12.01 NL NV NS NV Installs formwork and shoring. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-12.01.01 select and use tools and equipment such as measuring tapes, hammers, levels, plumb bobs and saws D-12.01.02 verify location and size of concrete structure such as walls, slabs and columns to be poured according to job specifications D-12.01.03 verify formwork system to be used such as wooden panels, pre-fabricated, free-form, metal fabricated and ICF D-12.01.04 determine installation procedures and materials required according to job and manufacturers’ specifications D-12.01.05 assemble and fasten formwork components according to manufacturers’ or engineering specifications D-12.01.06 recognize and correct defects in formwork such as misalignment and spacing D-12.01.07 modify formwork to accommodate design alterations D-12.01.08 apply form release agents to prevent damage and for ease of releasing formwork D-12.01.09 install shoring and bracing according to specifications to support concrete structures D-12.01.10 secure shoring near slab edge D-12.01.11 adjust shoring as required according to engineering specifications D-12.01.12 plumb and straighten walls using bracing and turnbuckles - 46 - Sub-task D-12.02 NL NV NS NV Inspects assembled formwork. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-12.02.01 select and use measuring tools such as measuring tapes and levels D-12.02.02 recognize defects in formwork such as misalignment and spacing D-12.02.03 verify elevations and layout such as location of rough bucks (door openings), window block outs and beam pockets D-12.02.04 check all shoring and bracing to ensure formwork is secure, plumb and stable according to job specifications Sub-task D-12.03 NL NV NS NV Dismantles formwork. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-12.03.01 prepare plan for dismantling formwork considering factors such as starting point, sequence and placement of material D-12.03.02 select and use tools and equipment such as pry bars, wrenches and hammers D-12.03.03 remove fasteners such as nails, bolts and formwork components while ensuring formwork does not fall by leaving some ties in place D-12.03.04 stack components for reuse or transport - 47 - Sub-task D-12.04 NL NV NS NV Maintains formwork. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-12.04.01 inspect disassembled formwork components for deficiencies and damage D-12.04.02 select and use tools and equipment such as grinders for metal formwork, rollers and sprayers D-12.04.03 scrape and clean formwork components D-12.04.04 apply form release agents or materials D-12.04.05 grease taper ties to facilitate ease of removal D-12.04.06 place formwork in designated lay down area Task 13 Places and finishes concrete. Proper mixing of concrete is very important to ensure the desired strength and consistency. Concrete needs to be transported for installation using methods such as concrete pumps, line pumps and cranes. Placing of the concrete includes pouring, vibrating to eliminate voids and establishing a rough-grade. It is then finished to achieve the final grade and appearance. Concrete cures by holding moisture; it is important to keep concrete hydrated during this curing process to avoid shrinkage and cracking. Context Required Knowledge K1 types of concrete and their uses such as air entrained, shotcrete and high flow K2 strengths of concrete and slump K3 concrete aggregates K4 concrete additives such as plasticizers, accelerators and retarders K5 access and egress considerations K6 components such as dowels, safety lines, key ways, anchor bolts and steel plates K7 component installation methods for freshly placed concrete such as wet dowelling and installing anchor bolts - 48 - K8 cured concrete component installation methods such as drilling, chipping and saw cuts K9 pour rates K 10 concrete transportation and placing equipment such as line pumps and boom pumps K 11 height from which concrete may be placed K 12 surface preparation requirements K 13 types of finishes such as hard float, broomed, polished, exposed aggregate and burn finish K 14 finishing processes such as floating, trowelling and edging K 15 timing for finishing processes K 16 weather and environmental conditions such as heat, cold, exhaust fumes and dust that may affect the curing process K 17 rate of curing time K 18 PPE and safety equipment Sub-task D-13.01 NL NV NS NV Mixes concrete. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-13.01.01 select and use tools and equipment such as mixers, drills, mixing paddles, pails and trowels D-13.01.02 select materials such as aggregates, water and cement D-13.01.03 mix according to work schedule and weather conditions D-13.01.04 use additives such as pigments, accelerators and retarders according to specifications D-13.01.05 combine ingredients according to predetermined instructions such as ratios, mixing times and compatibilities - 49 - Sub-task D-13.02 NL NV NS NV Transports concrete on site. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-13.02.01 plan placement of the concrete truck D-13.02.02 plan route from truck to site of placement to avoid obstacles and to allow for ease of access D-13.02.03 select, position and use transporting equipment such as wheelbarrows, concrete pumps, power buggies, concrete buckets and skidsteers D-13.02.04 monitor and communicate the rate of pour Sub-task D-13.03 NL NV NS NV Places concrete. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-13.03.01 select and use tools and equipment such as concrete vibrators, stationary pumps, rakes, shovels and screeding tools D-13.03.02 plan the sequence of placement D-13.03.03 monitor and communicate the rate of pour D-13.03.04 vibrate, spread and screed floor slabs to desired height or level D-13.03.05 place and vibrate wall to desired height D-13.03.06 ensure level pour with methods such as wet screeding, using tools and equipment such as height sticks, laser levels and grade nails D-13.03.07 recognize and rectify surface irregularities such as dips, high spots and holes - 50 - Sub-task D-13.04 NL NV NS NV Installs components in concrete. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-13.04.01 select and use tools and equipment such as measuring tapes, string lines, hammers, levels and drills D-13.04.02 measure, lay out and position components such as anchor plates, anchor bolts, water stops, control joints, key ways and reinforcing material, according to specifications Sub-task D-13.05 NL NV NS NV Assists with finishing concrete. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-13.05.01 select and use finishing tools and equipment such as floats, hand trowels, power trowels, edgers and brooms D-13.05.02 work concrete at different stages of setting with various finishing tools to reach desired finish according to job specifications - 51 - Sub-task D-13.06 NL NV NS NV Controls concrete curing process. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-13.06.01 hydrate concrete using materials and equipment such as burlap, polyethylene, soaker hoses and sprinklers to control curing process according to specifications and weather conditions D-13.06.02 trap moisture in concrete to avoid evaporation using curing compounds D-13.06.03 prevent heat loss and freezing in cold weather by using insulated tarps or heaters D-13.06.04 use squeegees, power vac and other methods to control bleed water Task 14 Modifies concrete. Concrete may be modified after it has been installed. These tasks may be done to create openings, maintain structural integrity, control expansion and contraction or simply for aesthetic reasons. Context Required Knowledge K1 wet and dry drilling/coring procedures K2 types and properties of concrete to be drilled/cored K3 reasons for drilling/coring concrete such as adding components, running sleeves, fastening items and demolition K4 embedded items such as water lines, electrical conduit and rebar K5 products and chemical agents used for repair and refinishing such as bonding agents, epoxies, grout, patching materials and acids K6 deficiencies in concrete that can be repaired K7 finishing requirements K8 reasons for installing concrete joints K9 types of joints such as expansion, control and isolation K 10 depth and spacing of joints K 11 types of cuts such as green cuts, wet cuts and dry cuts - 52 - K 12 refinishing methods such as painting, epoxy coating, parging, acid staining and acid etching K 13 PPE and safety equipment Sub-task D-14.01 NL NV NS NV Drills/cores concrete. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-14.01.01 select tools and equipment such as core and rotary hammer drills and their bits D-14.01.02 lay out and mark hole according to specifications D-14.01.03 verify embedded items in concrete such as post tension cables, rebar and conduit by x-ray or blueprints D-14.01.04 anchor base of core drill D-14.01.05 listen and feel for obstructions during drilling process D-14.01.06 control speed, pressure and water flow during drilling process D-14.01.07 control dust using water and/or by tarping, ventilating and vacuuming D-14.01.08 control slurry while drilling by using methods such as damming and vacuuming Sub-task D-14.02 NL NV NS NV Prepares concrete for resurfacing. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-14.02.01 select and use tools and equipment such as PPE, bush hammers, scarifiers and floor grinders D-14.02.02 mechanically remove finish using methods such as chipping, bush hammering, media blasting and scarifying D-14.02.03 chemically remove finish using acids D-14.02.04 clean surface by vacuuming, blowing, sandblasting or washing - 53 - Sub-task D-14.03 NL NV NS NV Performs concrete repair and refinishing. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-14.03.01 select tools and equipment such as trowels, sponges, grinders, sanders, brushes, brooms and chipping guns D-14.03.02 apply bonding agents according to job specifications D-14.03.03 apply materials according to job specifications to repair honeycombs, voids and other deficiencies to achieve desired finishes Sub-task D-14.04 NL NV NS NV Creates expansion, control and isolation joints. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-14.04.01 select and use tools and equipment such as saws and groovers (two-sided edgers, dividers) D-14.04.02 select materials such as dowels according to type of joint and job specifications D-14.04.03 control cracking by cutting concrete, installing plastic strips or installing sill gaskets, according to engineering specifications - 54 - Task 15 Places/Applies grout, epoxies and caulking. Grout and epoxies provide structural integrity. Caulking is used to seal against leaks and for an aesthetic finish. Context Required Knowledge K1 types of grout products and their applications K2 types of epoxies such as liquid and paste K3 hazards and precautions to be considered when working with epoxies K4 types of caulking such as firestop, exterior and interior K5 manufacturers' specifications K6 time constraints and product properties K7 PPE and SDS Sub-task D-15.01 NL NV NS NV Places/Applies grout. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-15.01.01 select and use tools and equipment for grouting such as mixing paddles, trowels, shovels, drills, funnels, sponges and brushes D-15.01.02 mix grout according to engineering and manufacturers’ specifications D-15.01.03 grout components such as door frames, anchor bolts, machine bases, walls, beams and columns using dry packing or pouring method D-15.01.04 trowel and shape grout to a smooth finish for aesthetic purposes - 55 - Sub-task D-15.02 NL NV NS NV Places/Applies epoxies. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-15.02.01 pre-plan for work considering time constraints of applying epoxies D-15.02.02 prepare surfaces using cleaning equipment D-15.02.03 mix epoxies according to manufacturers’ specifications D-15.02.04 apply epoxies using epoxy guns, or placing and spreading according to job specifications Sub-task D-15.03 NL NV NS NV Applies caulking. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies D-15.03.01 select and use tools and equipment such as caulking guns and cleaning equipment D-15.03.02 clean exposed surfaces using methods such as applying solvents, pressure washing and sandblasting according to job specifications D-15.03.03 use fillers such as insulation and backing rod D-15.03.04 apply a steady bead and ensure voids are filled by tooling caulking - 56 - BLOCK E MASONRY WORK Trends There is a trend towards the use of mega mixers and mast climber scaffolding systems. Composite blocks have been introduced to the industry. Worker certification to use equipment and to work with fireproofing materials continues to be an important requirement. Related Components Masonry units, scaffolding, fireproofing materials, refractory materials, lintels, mortars, grouts, ties and anchors, rough bucks. (including, but not limited to) See Appendix A. Tools and Equipment Task 16 Prepares for masonry work. Preparing for masonry work is an important task for the construction craft worker trade. This must be done to ensure productivity and safety on masonry projects and is often done prior to the arrival of bricklayers on the site. Context This task includes setting up masonry materials, scaffolding, transporting materials to and around the site, organizing the materials, and mixing mortar and grout. Required Knowledge K1 materials and products required for masonry tasks K2 placement of raw materials K3 types of mortars and grouts K4 rigging and lifting equipment such as forklifts and swing stages K5 required certification and licensing for operating lift equipment such as forklifts, swing stages and mast climber scaffolding systems K6 tools and equipment such as saws and mixers - 57 - Sub-task E-16.01 NL NV Sets up masonry materials. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies E-16.01.01 distribute masonry materials onto scaffolding according to amounts needed and scaffolding capacities E-16.01.02 lay out polyethylene sheets under mixing equipment to contain spillage E-16.01.03 prepare and organize masonry work area to bring materials close at hand E-16.01.04 prepare power tools and equipment such as saws, mixing drills and mortar, or concrete mixers E-16.01.05 select and use transportation equipment such as forklifts, skidsteers, telescopic forklifts (telehandler) and wheelbarrows E-16.01.06 load and unload masonry materials from scaffolding and trucks E-16.01.07 cut masonry reinforcing material to required length and size using tools such as concrete, table and quick saws to avoid waste Sub-task E-16.02 NL NV Mixes mortars and grouts. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies E-16.02.01 select and use tools and equipment such as mortar and concrete mixers E-16.02.02 follow instructions for ratios, mixing time and compatibilities to ensure materials are usable E-16.02.03 mix required amounts of mortars and grouts for work planned E-16.02.04 determine consistency of mortar and grout and adjust mix to weather conditions E-16.02.05 continuously work mortar to maintain desired consistency E-16.02.06 colour mortars and grout with dyes and aggregates according to job specifications E-16.02.07 include additives such as anti-freezing agents, polymers and bonding agents to ensure desired consistency and adhesion - 58 - Task 17 Tends to bricklayers. Construction craft workers work with bricklayers by performing a variety of tasks. They mix and supply materials such as bricks, blocks, mortar, refractory and fireproofing. This is physically demanding work and requires constant stocking of masonry units. Construction craft workers may be required to operate powered equipment such as telescopic forklifts (telehandler) and pallet jacks. Context Required Knowledge K1 types of masonry units such as bricks, refractory materials, tiles and blocks K2 types of brick such as keyed, insulating and fire K3 types of block such as acoustical, veneer, bullnose and rough-faced K4 cutting procedures and related safety requirements K5 confined space hazards, required training and regulations K6 types of lintels such as channel iron, wood, and pre-cast and poured concrete K7 applications of rough bucks such as openings for windows and door frames K8 cleaning agents used such as muriatic acid and water K9 cleaning methods such as removing mortar, and excess efflorescence, epoxy and grouts K 10 environmental concerns of using muriatic acid K 11 types of refractory material such as bricks, gunnite and ram K 12 locations using refractory materials such as boilers, furnaces and kilns K 13 mortars used in refractory applications K 14 hazards and precautions to be considered when working with refractory materials K 15 types of fireproofing materials such as mineral wool, caulking and cementlike materials K 16 applications for fireproofing materials such as surface penetrations, and protecting beams, columns and walls K 17 training and certification requirements - 59 - Sub-task E-17.01 NL NV Cuts masonry units. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies E-17.01.01 select and operate tools and equipment such as tile cutters, brick saws, block/brick guillotines and wet saws E-17.01.02 perform cut according to measurements Sub-task E-17.02 NL NV Installs lintels and rough bucks. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies E-17.02.01 select and use tools such as saws, cutters, hammers and wedges E-17.02.02 cut and form bracing according to opening E-17.02.03 place and secure rough buck to prevent movement of material according to job specifications E-17.02.04 measure and cut lintel according to job specifications E-17.02.05 remove rough bucks after material is cured Sub-task E-17.03 NL NV Washes masonry units. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies E-17.03.01 select and use tools and equipment such as pressure washers, scissor lifts, scrub brushes and curry combs E-17.03.02 mix chemicals according to manufacturers’ specifications referring to SDS E-17.03.03 wash and rinse surface of masonry unit to remove all damaging chemicals and contaminants - 60 - Sub-task E-17.04 NL NV Installs refractory materials. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies E-17.04.01 mix refractory materials such as mud and cement-like materials according to manufacturers’ specifications and referring to SDS E-17.04.02 install refractory materials according to jurisdictional regulations and job specifications E-17.04.03 clean up after refractory applications according to site specifications Sub-task E-17.05 NL NV Uses fireproofing materials. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies E-17.05.01 select and use tools and equipment such as mixers, trowels and spray equipment E-17.05.02 mix fireproofing materials using manual or electric paddles according to manufacturers’ specifications E-17.05.03 apply fireproofing materials using methods such as spray-on and trowel-on according to job specifications - 61 - BLOCK F UTILITIES AND PIPELINE Trends There is an increased use of robotic cameras for the inspection of water and sewer pipes in order to ensure quality of pipe and to detect leaks. More relining of the interior part of piping is being used to reduce the need for replacement and there is an increased practice of reconditioning of pipes in order to extend their lifespan. The practice of tapping into new and existing water lines to provide water to different areas is becoming a common task. Green practices are changing the way construction craft workers work. For example, they need to return work areas back to their natural state, and avoid cross pollination as part of green environmental practices. Related Components (including, but not limited to) Pipeline: blocking, coatings, rock shields, silt fencing, filter fabrics. See Appendix A. Tools and Equipment Task 18 Utilities: piping, catch basins, manholes, grade rings, shims, rubber seals, valves, hydrants, pressure chambers, clamps, T’s, elbows, Y’s, culverts, thrust blocks, insulation, grouts. Installs utility piping for water and sewer installations. Construction craft workers work with a wide variety of pipe, components and application techniques when installing utility piping for water and sewer installations. Knowledge of grade and elevations is crucial when working with this type of utility piping. Hazardous materials such as asbestos and lead may be encountered when repairing existing pipe. Context Required Knowledge K1 types of pipe used for water and sewage systems such as plastic, cast iron, concrete, composite, ceramic and ductile K2 connecting methods such as fused, clamps, and bell and spigot K3 design grades for pipe K4 types of sewer lines such as raw sewer and storm sewers - 62 - K5 components such as manholes and catch basins, grade rings, rubber seals and covers K6 types of water pipe components such as valves and hydrants K7 reasons for modification such as leaks, repairs, upgrades and additions K8 specifications related to water pressures K9 backfilling and compacting methods K 10 codes and specifications Sub-task E-18.01 NL NV Installs pipe for water systems. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies F-18.01.01 select and use tools and equipment such as laser levels, hand levels and pinch bars F-18.01.02 install bedding material according to material specifications F-18.01.03 level and compact bedding to height specifications F-18.01.04 install thrust blocks to stabilize the line and eliminate breaks F-18.01.05 select, cut and fit sections according to plans and specifications F-18.01.06 connect pipe sections, including fusing, using components such as clamps, bell and spigot, and rubber seals according to job specifications and types of pipe F-18.01.07 install fire hydrants and valves according to job specifications F-18.01.08 backfill and compact pipe, and insulate if needed according to job specifications F-18.01.09 remove excess mud and pump water to perform directional drilling to avoid disruptions on highways and rivers F-18.01.10 pressurize lines to test for leaks F-18.01.11 assist in tapping into main lines to provide temporary service while replacing lines - 63 - Sub-task F-18.02 NL NV Installs pipe for sewer systems. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies F-18.02.01 select and use tools and equipment such as laser levels, hand levels and pinch bars F-18.02.02 install bedding material according to material specifications F-18.02.03 level and compact bedding to height specifications F-18.02.04 select, cut and fit sections according to plans and specifications F-18.02.05 connect pipe sections using components such as clamps, bell and spigot, and rubber seals according to job specification for the type of pipe F-18.02.06 backfill and compact pipe, and insulate if needed according to job specifications F-18.02.07 remove excess mud and pump water to assist in directional drilling to avoid disruptions on highways and rivers Sub-task F-18.03 NL NV Installs catch basins and manholes. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies F-18.03.01 verify and maintain grades of components according to job specifications F-18.03.02 install bases such as pre-cast and poured concrete, and compact soil according to job specifications F-18.03.03 cut holes in catch basins and manholes to connect pipes using tools such as quick-cut saw and bolt cutters F-18.03.04 level and plumb components such as manholes and catch basins to ensure drainage F-18.03.05 connect pipe to components using materials such as grout, concrete and rubber seals - 64 - F-18.03.06 place manholes using rigging and hoisting equipment according to site specifications F-18.03.07 install and grout shims and grade rings to bring last installed component to final-grade Sub-task F-18.04 NL NV Modifies existing pipe. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies F-18.04.01 isolate section of pipe using bladders to stop the flow going through pipe F-18.04.02 repair defective pipe to test for leaks F-18.04.03 replace with upgraded pipe according to new codes or specifications F-18.04.04 tap pipes for additional water or sewer lines F-18.04.05 insulate, backfill and compact around pipe according to job specifications Sub-task F-18.05 NL NV Assists with testing water and sewer lines. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND Key Competencies F-18.05.01 select and assist with use of tools and equipment such as cameras, compressors and water taps F-18.05.02 isolate sections of pipe using bladders or shut offs for testing F-18.05.03 hydrotest water and sewer lines for leaks F-18.05.04 monitor gauge readings for drops in pressure - 65 - NU ND Task 19 Performs pipeline activities. Working on pipeline construction is a specialty area for construction craft workers. There are more construction craft workers on pipeline construction than any other trade workers. Context Required Knowledge K1 environmental considerations such as highways, rivers, farmlands, existing wetlands and wildlife K2 municipal, provincial and federal regulations and jobsite specific rules K3 rigging equipment and methods for pipeline K4 cribbing methods K5 sandblasting and coating methods K6 maintenance techniques K7 required pipeline certifications such as Pipeline Construction Safety Training (PCST) and Ground Disturbance Sub-task F-19.01 NL NV Constructs right of ways. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies F-19.01.01 clear brush using tools and equipment such as bush saws and chain saws F-19.01.02 set up cleaning station such as bleach, blow and pressure wash stations for prevention of cross-pollination and tracking of mud from movement of equipment F-19.01.03 identify hazards such as domestic animals, wildlife, insects and falling trees to maintain safe work environment F-19.01.04 minimize disturbance to wildlife and public land including fencing by returning to original state F-19.01.05 set up silt fence, filter cloth for water pumps and top soil to minimize environmental damage to waterways F-19.01.06 install and interpret clearance markers and signage to prevent damage to power lines when moving heavy equipment - 66 - Sub-task F-19.02 NL NV Performs pipeline installation. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies F-19.02.01 stockpile pipes in established area F-19.02.02 load pipes on trucks to be unloaded on right of way F-19.02.03 place pipe and skids (stringing) in order according to job specifications F-19.02.04 measure and mark pipe to ensure location of bends according to engineering specifications F-19.02.05 place and remove pipe to assist set-up and bending crew F-19.02.06 perform blocking and cribbing to assist welding crew F-19.02.07 select and use tools and equipment such as media blasters, jeeping and coating equipment to coat pipe F-19.02.08 blast pipe to ensure coating adheres to surface F-19.02.09 coat pipe to protect welds F-19.02.10 jeep pipe to find imperfections F-19.02.11 assist and guide pipe lowering operation Sub-task F-19.03 NL NV Performs pipeline maintenance. NS NV PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies F-19.03.01 assist to test pipeline using electronic pipeline pig to determine location and type of defect F-19.03.02 assist to locate and expose defective area by hydrovac truck and daylighting F-19.03.03 scrap and clean pipe to remove existing coating using scrapers, chippers and sandblasters F-19.03.04 assist boom operator to set-up sleeve for welders F-19.03.05 blast and coat pipe to protect welded sleeve before backfilling - 67 - BLOCK G ROADWORK Trends Road surface materials used are now more environmentally friendly. There is a trend towards using recycled materials in road construction. Placing asphalt over concrete is becoming more common as well. Related Components Aggregates, signage, barriers, culverts, manholes, catch basins, piping. (including, but not limited to) See Appendix A. Tools and Equipment Task 20 Installs road surface materials. Construction craft workers work with paving machines to spread concrete, asphalt and other sub-base materials. They manually spread, shovel and rake asphalt where the machines cannot operate. They also apply adhesives and primers, and modify and repair all road surfaces. Context Required Knowledge K1 types of chemical additives K2 location of manholes and catch basins K3 amount of paving materials to remove when repairing K4 types of road surface materials such as concrete, asphalt, interlocking brick and chip seal K5 types of sub-bases K6 types of tools and equipment K7 related hazards such as traffic and material temperatures K8 sidewalk and pedestrian walkway construction - 68 - Sub-task G-20.01 NL NV NS NV Places road surface materials. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies G-20.01.01 prepare and compact sub-base according to grade using compacting equipment G-20.01.02 apply adhesives and primers such as tack and water G-20.01.03 rake and compact road surface material to finish-grade G-20.01.04 feather and finish around manholes, catch basins and curbs according to road surface material being used G-20.01.05 manually compact road surfacing material using hand compactors G-20.01.06 place, lay, or spread road surfacing material such as concrete, asphalt and composite materials according to engineering specifications G-20.01.07 finish concrete using bull and hand floats to smooth surface in order to broom Sub-task G-20.02 NL NV NS NV Repairs road surfaces. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies G-20.02.01 select and use tools and equipment such as quick-cut saws, walk-behind saws, jackhammers and plate tampers G-20.02.02 cut paving materials to install utilities and components G-20.02.03 repair defects such as pot holes, cracks, wash-outs and heaved areas G-20.02.04 break surface materials and remove debris to prepare for resurfacing G-20.02.05 compact base, drill into existing concrete and install dowels using adhesives according to engineering specifications G-20.02.06 pour, lay, or spread road surfacing material such as concrete, asphalt and composite materials according to engineering specifications G-20.02.07 apply adhesives and primers to potholes to prepare for fill materials such as gravel and asphalt G-20.02.08 cut cracks with up-cut flat saw (walk-behind or road saw) - 69 - G-20.02.09 remove debris using sandblaster and compressor G-20.02.10 seal joints using sealants according to engineering specifications Task 21 Installs roadwork components. Construction craft workers are required to install culverts, barriers and signage. Additional certification may be required for the installation of roadwork signage. Safety is of the utmost importance when working on roadwork construction. Context Required Knowledge K1 types of barriers such as pedestrian, guard and jersey (no post) K2 materials used for barriers such as concrete, steel and wood K3 regulations regarding installation of barriers, road markings and signage K4 applications of barriers such as temporary and permanent K5 training, certification and PPE requirements K6 types of road markings such as reflective tape and painted lines K7 types of temporary and permanent road signs K8 types of culverts such as galvanized steel, plastic and concrete K9 sizes of culverts K 10 connection methods such as bell and spigot, clamped and butted Sub-task G-21.01 NL NV NS NV Installs barriers. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies G-21.01.01 select and use tools and equipment such as forklifts, drills, pry bars, post augers, rigging and boom trucks G-21.01.02 select barriers according to regulations and specifications G-21.01.03 determine location for barriers according to engineering specifications G-21.01.04 secure water-filled and sand-filled barriers using anchors and fasteners such as dowels and concrete piles - 70 - Sub-task G-21.02 NL NV NS NV Installs road markings and signs. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND NU ND Key Competencies G-21.02.01 select and use tools and equipment such as measuring tapes, post augers, and sledge hammers G-21.02.02 place, paint or adhere road markings and signage according to jurisdictional regulations, and engineering specifications G-21.02.03 auger (bore hole) and backfill signage to secure in place G-21.02.04 place temporary signage and markings according to jurisdictional regulations Sub-task G-21.03 NL NV NS NV Installs culverts. PE NV NB yes QC NV ON yes MB yes SK yes AB yes BC yes NT ND YT ND Key Competencies G-21.03.01 select and use tools and equipment such as wrenches and levels G-21.03.02 assemble culvert sections according to manufacturers’ specifications G-21.03.03 install and compact bedding for culverts to achieve the required grade to ensure drainage G-21.03.04 backfill and secure culvert according to engineering specifications - 71 - NU ND APPENDICES APPENDIX A TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT Hand Tools adjustable wrench asphalt spreader axe bander bar (wrecking, pin, crow, pry) bolt cutter broom brush bucket/pail bull float cable cutter caulking gun C-clamp chisel edger file (flat, round) float (wood, magnesium, steel, aluminium, rubber) grease gun guillotine hammer (ball peen, claw, sledge, dead blow, axe, brass) hammer stapler hand auger hand level hand saw hand trowel knife lining (line-up) bar magnet metal detectors mop pick axe pinch bar pliers (needle nose, slip joint, linesmen) punch (knock-out type, various sizes) rake (concrete, asphalt, landscaping, fan) rubber mallet scraper screwdriver (flat, Phillips, Robertson) shovel (square, truncheon, spade, scoop, snow) sidewalk groover snip (heavy duty wire cutting) socket wrench set speed wrench sponge spooler (for tie wire) sprayer squeegee staple gun tarpaulin tool belt and apron trowel twister utility knife water drum water hose watering can wire brush Power Tools angle grinder blow torch chain saw chipping gun and bit chipping hammer circular saw and blade concrete vibrator cordless tools coring machine and bit diamond or abrasive disc disc sander electric drill extension cord flashlight - 75 - Power Tools (continued) grinder hand-held and stationary radio hydraulic jack impact wrench/gun (electric and pneumatic) jig saw lawn mower light mechanical spreader media blaster oxy-acetylene cutting torch portable concrete mixer portable sprayer powder-actuated tool power sprayer pressure pump pressure washer pump quick-cut saw reciprocating saw steam cleaner tamper (vibratory, plate, roller) up-cut flat saw (walk-behind saw) vacuum cleaner weed trimmer wire wheel (component of grinder) Stationary Equipment cut-off saw compressor generator heater mixer table saw tool box water pump Pneumatic Tools and Equipment auger chipper compactor drill (stopper, jack-leg, ratchet) floor sweeper/scrubber grinder hammer jack hammer media-blasting tool pavement breaker (jackhammer) pneumatic gun (needle, impact, air, paint) portable compressor pump rivet-buster snowblower wand Rigging and Hoisting Equipment block and tackle bridle hitch lifting clamp lifting hook chain fall chains clevis come-along (portable winching equipment) cradles pulley roller rope (nylon, steel, natural fibre, polypropylene) shackle sling (nylon, steel, chain, natural fibre, polypropylene) snatch block softener gin wheel grip hoist (Tirfors ™) - 76 - Rigging and Hoisting Equipment (continued) spreader bar tag line winch work cage Scaffolding and Access Equipment aerial platform (cherry picker) ladder (extension, platform, stepladder) man lift mobile scaffolding powered elevated platform scissor lift stationary scaffolding suspended platform suspended scaffold swing stage rolling scaffold Transport Equipment atv boat conveyor forklift handcart manual buggy power buggy skid steer truck wheelbarrow Measuring and Layout Tools, Instruments and Equipment calculator carpenter’s pencil chalk line dew point gun laptop level (laser, builders’, precision) marker measuring tape pipe locator plumb bob scale rule square straightedge stringline surveyor ribbon template theodolite thermometer tire pressure gauge total station trammel point transit tripod and mounting device Masonry Tools bolster brick and stone cutter brick tongs corner block curry comb face hammer hawk jointer (rat tail) line block line holder line pin line trig manual splitter mason’s trowel masonry saw masonry table saw - 77 - Masonry Tools (continued) mason's chisel mortar board mortar box mortar buggy mortar hoe mortar mixer notched trowel raker - wheel type sandbox sandscreen Personal Protective Equipment and Safety Equipment air horn apron barrier cream, sunscreen and insect repellent bear spray boots (safety, rubber, insulated, waders) breathing apparatus caution tape (red, yellow) chaps (chain saw, other) chin strap coveralls (cloth, paper, chemical) evacuation box eye wash station face shield fall protection equipment (harness, lanyard, restraining cable, rope grabs, retractable lanyard) fire blanket fire extinguisher fire hose fire retardant clothing first aid kit fit tester kit gas detection equipment gloves hard hat hazmat protective suit hearing protection high visibility vest knee board and pads life jacket megaphone rain suit respirator (particles, chemical and vapour) safety goggles/glasses self contained breathing apparatus soap spill kit welding flash blind - 78 - APPENDIX B GLOSSARY accelerator speeds the setting time of concrete and allows the cure time to start earlier which allows concrete to be placed in winter with reduced risk of frost damage admixture material other than water, aggregates and Portland cement that is used as an ingredient of concrete and is added to the mix aggregate granular material, such as sand, gravel, crushed stone or recycled concrete aggregates used with cement and water to produce concrete air entrained agents introduced to the concrete which contains billions of microscopic air cells per cubic foot which relieves internal pressure on the concrete by providing tiny chambers for water to expand into when it freezes anchor plate large metal plate connected to a tie rod or bolt angle of repose angle at which material lies stable on an embankment of an excavation base plate solid piece of material that has enough strength and sturdiness to serve as the surface to which other things are attached to be supported bedding ravel material used to support the pipe which is usually less than 25mm in size bell the large end of a pipe which inserts over the small (spigot) end of the pipe when connecting benchmarks point of known elevation berm an embankment built to contain liquids and gases and prevent them from damaging the environment bladder rubber membrane used to isolate a section of pipe or component for testing or repair bracing for concrete supports which run at an angle on the form to provide support and keep the walls plumb bull float tool used to level concrete surfaces catch basin receptacle or reservoir that receives surface water runoff or drainage and is part of a storm drain or sewer system designed to trap debris before it enters the pipe - 79 - clearance markers (goal posts) warning restraints set up to prevent vehicles or other machinery from getting too close to other objects, including excessive heights or limits of approach to electrical sources compacting equipment an engine-powered machine that results compaction of loose materials and asphalt concrete composition of a binding medium and aggregate; commonly consists of a mixture of cement, aggregate and water in varying proportions; mixture is worked into a plastic state and gains hardness through the hydration of cement with the water confined space an area not designed for continuous human occupancy, contains a hazard or the potential of a hazard, and has limited access and egress control joints intentional groove cut into a surface to control cracking by allowing the material to expand on its own and prevent cracking in an uncontrolled manner cribbing support made of timber, logs, concrete or steel to support a structure from below or the side crosspollination transfer of pollen from the flower of one plant to the flower of a plant having a different genetic constitution. Workers must avoid causing crosspollination when using tools and equipment in different areas due to increasing geo-engineering curing the maintenance of a satisfactory moisture content and temperature in concrete during its early stages so that desired properties may develop curry comb tool with rows of metal teeth made for grooming horses that can be used for cleaning bricks and blocks daylighting utilities exposing underground utilities by excavation so that work can be done on the utilities ductile type of pipe material egress the means of going out or leaving; an exit; an outlet false work temporary structure in which the main load bearing members are vertical and are used to support a permanent structure and associated elements during the erection until it is self-supporting fill-crete a mix of gravel and cement (small amount) used for backfill that does not require compaction (also known as flow-crete, tru-crete, controlled low strength material [CLSM]) - 80 - filter cloth cloth fabric used in excavation that helps to screen out soil and other contaminates while allowing the passage of water floating process of using a tool, usually wood or magnesium, in concrete finishing operations to create a relatively even, but still open texture to a fresh concrete surface fly forms system that can be used repetitively and moved in large sections not requiring disassembly and commonly used as a formwork shoring system to support typical cast-in-place concrete slabs in multi-level high-rise construction fly tables forming system assembled in various shapes and sizes depending on the particular needs of each building form a temporary structure or mould for the support of concrete while it is setting and gaining sufficient strength to be self-supporting Ground Disturbance training program that covers the safety aspects of trenching and excavating operations including locators and locating buried facilities grout mixture of cementitious material and water, with or without aggregate, which may be proportioned and mixed to produce a pourable consistency without segregation of the constituents guillotine (brick and block) device which generates a high amount of pressure to cut various types of blocks gunnite insulating material that is sprayed on and used in refractory applications height stick grade guide that is used during concrete placement to measure the pour height high flow highly flowable, non-segregating concrete that easily spreads into place, fills formwork, and encapsulates even the most congested reinforcement. It is placed purely by means of its own weight, with little or no mechanical vibration hoarding temporary enclosure to protect against damage, such as weather and debris, and to limit public access honeycomb concrete that, due to lack of proper amount of fines or vibration, contains abundant interconnected large voids or cavities jeeping a process using electronic current to detect deficiencies (cracks, pinholes) in pipe coatings - 81 - jersey barrier modular concrete or plastic barrier employed to separate lanes of traffic and minimize vehicle damage in case of impact joint “key ways” type of joint between two individual concrete pours with a recess or groove in one end, and an equal protrusion on the other, which fit together providing shear strength to the joint lintel a beam placed across the top of a rough door or window opening; it supports the weight from above monument permanent established elevation used for surveying manhole small covered opening in a floor, pavement, or other surface to allow a person to enter, especially an opening in a city street leading to a sewer media blasters equipment that propels a certain type of media such as sand, glass bead and metal pellets to clean the surface of various materials pile drivers machine used to drive concrete, metal or wood piles piling structural column installed into the ground to anchor or support a building and other structures pinch bars kind of crowbar or lever with a projection that serves as a fulcrum pipe coating a coating either sleeved, taped or painted onto pipe to protect it from corrosion and other foreign materials primer a substance used to prepare a surface for adhesives or sealants rate of pour important process using scientific calculations based on the viscosity, temperature and depth of the concrete pour and the effects of pressure on the forms rebar dowel a piece of steel used to join different pours of concrete together they are either placed in fresh concrete, or a hole is drilled into existing concrete and they are epoxied in refractory material which can withstand very high temperatures without degrading or softening retarder an admixture which extends the setting time of cement paste and, therefore of mixtures such as concrete, mortar, and grout. rough buck temporary form to provide an opening in concrete and masonry scarify to roughen a surface of concrete using a scabbler - 82 - scan tools electronic devices used to locate different types of utilities screeding the operation of forming a grade surface by the use of a straightedge sea-can lockable, steel containers commonly used in shipping on ocean liners, also used in construction for storage of tools and materials on a jobsite settling pond water containment used to contain sediment before disposing of the water sheet piling interlocking metal sheeting used to prevent water movement in an excavation around water ways shoring (concrete) supports built to hold concrete formwork shoring (excavation) supports built inside an excavation to retain soil to prevent cave-ins shotcrete mortar or concrete conveyed through a hose and projected pneumatically onto a surface silt fence a geo- textile containment fence used to filter the silt from run-off around a construction site skidsteer a small rigid frame, engine-powered machine with lift arms used to attach a wide variety of tools or attachments slab a flat horizontal or nearly so, molded layer of plain or reinforced concrete, usually uniform but sometimes of variable thickness, either on the ground or supported by beams, columns, walls, or other formwork slump a measure of consistency slurry a mixture of water and fine materials, such as Portland cement, slag or soil in suspension spigot reduced diameter in the end of pipe able to lock into the bell end spring clip a fastener used to provide a screw hole for a sheet metal screw stringing the process of dispersing the pipe in the pipe laying process strongback a continuous member, usually vertical which transfers loads from the form to the form-tying system and which holds large formwork panel systems adequately in place taper ties a long tapered bolt used in formwork - 83 - telescopic forklift (telehandler) forklift with an extended boom thrust block cast-in-place concrete to prevent pipe movement ties a tensile unit holding forms against the lateral pressure from freshly placed concrete tool crib facility that stores and organizes tools owned by the company tooling use of an object to smooth and move the sealant into a position for both an acceptable appearance as well as a watertight seal turnbuckles used to adjust the length of rigging chains walers a continuous member, usually horizontal which transfers loads from the form to the form-tying system or form-bracing system or both wet screed placing concrete on finish-grade across two known points of elevation (called wet screeds) whip check small cable choker placed at pressure hose connections to prevent hose from whipping around - 84 - APPENDIX C ACRONYMS AHJ authority having jurisdiction CO carbon monoxide CSA Canadian Standards Association GFCI ground fault circuit interrupters GPS global positioning system H2S hydrogen sulphide ICF insulated concrete forms ICI industrial, institutional and commercial JHA job hazard analysis JOHS Joint Occupational Health and Safety LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LEL lower explosion limit OH&S Occupational Health and Safety PCST Pipeline Construction Safety Training PPE personal protective equipment PSI pre-job safety instructions SDS safety data sheet TDG transportation of dangerous goods UEL upper explosion limit WHMIS Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System - 85 - APPENDIX D BLOCK A % NL NV BLOCK AND TASK WEIGHTING COMMON OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS NS NV Task 1 PE NV NB 23 QC NV ON 50 MB 15 SK 15 AB 20 BC 15 NT ND YT ND NU ND Task 2 24% Uses and maintains tools and equipment. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 21 NV 30 30 30 25 40 ND ND ND Task 3 29% Organizes work. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 23 NV 10 20 30 25 10 ND ND ND Task 4 20% Performs routine trade activities. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 27 NV 20 30 20 25 40 ND ND ND BLOCK B NL NV 23% Performs safety-related functions. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 29 NV 40 20 20 25 10 ND ND ND % National Average 27% SITE WORK NS NV Task 5 PE NV NB 20 QC NV ON 15 MB 15 SK 19 AB 20 BC 25 NT YT ND ND NU ND National Average 19% Prepares site. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 21 NV 20 20 25 20 15 ND ND ND - 86 - 20% Task 6 Performs ground work. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 22 NV 20 25 25 20 30 ND ND ND Task 7 24% Services site. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 15 NV 50 30 15 20 30 ND ND ND Task 8 27% Performs basic demolition. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 19 NV 10 10 20 15 10 ND ND ND Task 9 14% Performs safety watches. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 23 NV 0 15 15 25 15 ND ND ND BLOCK C % NL NV 15% SCAFFOLDING AND ACCESS EQUIPMENT NS NV Task 10 PE NV NB 12 QC NV ON 10 MB 10 SK 14 AB 5 BC 5 NT YT ND ND NU ND 48% Uses access equipment. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 51 NV 50 60 50 60 40 ND ND ND BLOCK D % NL NV 9% Uses scaffolding. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 49 NV 50 40 50 40 60 ND ND ND Task 11 National Average 52% CONCRETE WORK NS NV PE NV NB 13 QC NV ON 15 MB 25 SK 20 - 87 - AB 15 BC 20 NT YT ND ND NU ND National Average 18% Task 12 Forms concrete. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 24 NV 80 10 20 10 15 ND ND ND Task 13 27% Places and finishes concrete. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 38 NV 10 40 30 50 50 ND ND ND Task 14 36% Modifies concrete. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 20 NV 5 20 20 10 10 ND ND ND Task 15 14% Places/Applies grout, epoxies and caulking. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 18 NV 5 30 30 30 25 ND ND ND BLOCK E % NL NV 23% MASONRY WORK NS NV Task 16 PE NV NB 14 QC NV ON 4 MB 10 SK 10 AB 15 BC 5 NT YT ND ND National Average 10% Prepares for masonry work. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 57 NV 55 50 50 50 50 ND ND ND Task 17 NU ND 52% Tends to bricklayers. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 43 NV 45 50 50 50 50 ND ND ND - 88 - 48% BLOCK F % NL NV UTILITIES AND PIPELINE NS NV Task 18 PE NV NB 10 QC NV ON 1 MB 10 SK 12 AB 15 BC 20 NT YT ND ND NU ND 52% Performs pipeline activities. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 61 NV 40 50 40 50 50 ND ND ND BLOCK G % NL NV 11% Installs utility piping for water and sewer installations. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 39 NV 60 50 60 50 50 ND ND ND Task 19 National Average 48% ROADWORK NS NV Task 20 PE NV NB 8 QC NV ON 5 MB 15 SK 10 AB 10 BC 10 NT YT ND ND National Average 10% Installs road surface material. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 40 NV 50 50 50 35 70 ND ND ND Task 21 NU ND 49% Installs roadwork components. NL NS PE NB QC ON MB SK AB BC NT YT NU % NV NV NV 60 NV 50 50 50 65 30 ND ND ND - 89 - 51% APPENDIX E PIE CHART* G 10% F 11% A 23% E 10% B 19% D 18% C 9% TITLES OF BLOCKS BLOCK A Common Occupational Skills BLOCK E Masonry Work BLOCK B Site Work BLOCK F Utilities and Pipeline BLOCK C Scaffolding and Access Equipment BLOCK G Roadwork BLOCK D Concrete Work *Average percentage of the total number of questions on an interprovincial examination, assigned to assess each block of the analysis, as derived from the collective input from workers within the occupation from all areas of Canada. Interprovincial examinations typically have from 100 to 150 multiple-choice questions. - 90 - APPENDIX F BLOCKS A – COMMON OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS TASK PROFILE CHART — Construction Craft Worker TASKS SUB-TASKS 1. Performs safety-related functions. 1.01 Maintains safe work environment. 1.02 Uses personal protective equipment (PPE) and safety equipment. 2. Uses and maintains tools and equipment. 2.01 Maintains hand, power and powder-actuated tools. 2.02 Uses rigging and hoisting equipment. 3. Organizes work. 3.01 Uses documentation. 3.02 Communicates with others. 4. Performs routine trade activities. 4.01 Handles construction materials. 2.03 Uses stationary equipment. 2.04 Uses sandblaster. 2.05 Uses mobile equipment. 4.02 Performs site housekeeping and maintenance. 4.03 Erects hoarding / enclosures. 4.04 Installs membranes. 4.05 Installs insulating materials. 4.06 Establishes grades and elevations. 4.07 Performs traffic control. 4.08 Installs permanent and temporary fencing. 5. Prepares site. 5.01 Clears site. 5.02 Sets up site facilities. 5.03 Assists in installation of pilings. 5.04 Builds access and egress roads. 6. Performs ground work. 6.01 Locates underground utilities. 6.02 Performs excavation. 6.03 Installs excavating shoring. 6.04 Performs backfill and compaction. B – SITE WORK - 91 - BLOCKS TASKS 7. Services site. C – SCAFFOLDING AND ACCESS EQUIPMENT D – CONCRETE WORK SUB-TASKS 7.01 Addresses suspected hazardous materials. 7.02 Controls water runoff. 7.03 Sets up temporary lighting. 7.04 Sets up generators and compressors. 7.05 Performs site restoration. 7.06 Manages tool crib. 7.07 Recycles materials. 8. Performs basic demolition. 8.01 Cuts materials. 8.02 Dismantles existing structures and components. 9. Performs safety watches. 9.01 Monitors hazardous gases. 9.02 Performs fire watch. 9.03 Performs bottle watch. 9.04 Performs confined space watch. 9.05 Monitors heaters. 10. Uses scaffolding. 10.01 Erects scaffolding. 10.02 Inspects scaffolding. 10.03 Maintains scaffolding. 10.04 Tends to scaffold erectors. 10.05 Dismantles scaffolding. 11. Uses access equipment. 11.01 Uses ladders. 11.02 Uses powerelevated work platforms. 11.03 Inspects access equipment. 11.04 Maintains access equipment. 12. Forms concrete. 12.01 Installs formwork and shoring. 12.02 Inspects assembled formwork. 12.03 Dismantles formwork. 12.04 Maintains formwork. 13. Places and finishes concrete. 13.01 Mixes concrete. 13.02 Transports concrete on site. 13.03 Places concrete. 13.04 Installs components in concrete. - 92 - 13.05 Assists with finishing concrete. BLOCKS TASKS SUB-TASKS 13.06 Controls concrete curing process. E – MASONRY WORK F – UTILITIES AND PIPELINE 14. Modifies concrete. 14.01 Drills/cores concrete. 14.02 Prepares concrete for resurfacing. 14.03 Performs concrete repair and refinishing. 15. Places/Applies grout, epoxies and caulking. 15.01 Places/Applies grout. 15.02 Places/Applies epoxies. 15.03 Applies caulking. 16. Prepares for masonry work. 16.01 Sets up masonry materials. 16.02 Mixes mortars and grouts. 17. Tends to bricklayers. 17.01 Cuts masonry units. 17.02 Installs lintels and rough bucks. 17.03 Washes masonry units. 17.04 Installs refractory materials. 17.05 Uses fireproofing materials. 18. Installs utility piping for water and sewer installations. 18.01 Installs pipe for water systems. 18.02 Installs pipe for sewer systems. 18.03 Installs catch basins and manholes. 18.04 Modifies existing pipe. 18.05 Assists with testing water and sewer lines. 19. Performs pipeline activities. 19.01 Constructs right of ways. 19.02 Performs pipeline installation. 19.03 Performs pipeline maintenance. - 93 - 14.04 Creates expansion, control and isolation joints. BLOCKS TASKS SUB-TASKS 20. Installs road surface material. 20.01 Places road surface materials. 20.02 Repairs road surfaces. 21. Installs roadwork components. 21.01 Installs barriers. 21.02 Installs road markings and signs. G – ROADWORK - 94 - 21.03 Installs culverts.
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