Price - Pnx: Canada. $1.50, $15.00 a year/par année

Price - Pnx: Canada. $1.50, $15.00 a year/par année
Price - Pnx: Canada. $1.50, $15.00 a year/par année
mntries - Autres pays. $1.80, $18.00 a year/par année
ducation
tatistics
Vol. 3, No. 6
CHANCES IN EXPERIENCE AND QUALIFICATIONS OF
TEACHERS, 1972-73 TO 1979-80
tistiques
I'éducation
Vol. 3, no 6
EVOLUTION DANS L' EXPERiENCE ET LES TITERS DE CONPETENCES DES ENSEIGNANTS, 1972-73 A 1979-80
Declining school enrolment, which persisted during the 1970s and will continue
through the present decade, has had a signif leant impact on the average level of
teachers' salaries. The decreasing number of
teaching positions has meant a slowdown in
recruitment, and consequently, a rise in the
average age and experience of the remaining
ataff. At the same time, because a university degree became mandatory in several provinces, teachers have been upgrading their
quail fications.
La diminution des effectifs scolaires, qul a
eu cours tout au long des années 1970 et qui se
poursuivra durant is présente décennie, a eu m.rm
effet considrab1e our lea niveaux de traitement
moyens des enseignants. La nombre décroissant de
postes d'enseignants a donna lieu A une diminution du recrutement et, par contrecoup, I une
élvation de l'expérience et de l'Ige moyens du
personnel en place. En outre, coome le diplOme
universitaire eat devenu obligatoire dana plusicurs provinces, lea enseignants ont dQ se perfectionner.
This Service Bulletin examines changes
between 1972-73 and 1979-80 in the percentage distribution of teachers with different
amounts of education and experience, and how
it has affected salaries. The data should
interest school board planners, teachers and
education researchers.
La present bulletin de service examine lea
changements tntervenus entre 1972-73 et 1979-80
dana Is repartition en pourcentage des professeurs selon lea niveaux d'education et d'experience et Pincidence de ces ant€cédents sur leurs
salaires. Ces donnéea devraient interesser lea
planificateura des commissions scolaires, lea enseignanta ainsi que lea chercheurs dana le domalne de l'education.
As a result of a reduction In both recruitment rates(l) and job opportunities
within and outside the field of education,
the typical teacher Is older and more experienced. Over the seven-year period, median
experience rose from seven to 10 years.(2)
En raison de la diminution des taux de recrutement(l) et des possibilites d'emplol dana Ic
domalne de l'enseignement, lea enseignanta sont
en moyenne plus 8gés et plus expérimentés qu'auparavant. Au cours de Is p€riode de sept ans observe, l'experience mediane eat passee de 8ept A
dix ans.(2)
(1) See Service Bulletin 81-002, Vol. 2,
No. 6 kacruit.ent of Ele.entary-Secondary Teachers, 1978-79.
(2) This measure and all subsequent analysis
in this Service Bulletin are based on
data for the public school systems of
nine provinces (not including Quebec)
and I ilek-1 - ri t, r ft
(1) Voir le bulletin de service no 81-002, volume
2, no 6 ftecrute.ent des enseignants des mlveaux Cléaentaire et secondalre, 1978-79.
(2) Cette mesure de mIme que toutes lea analyses
du present bulletin de service sont fondees
sur lea donnIes des conseils scolaires des
€coles pribliques de neuf provinces (le Qulbec
August 1981
4-2204-501
Pub1sahed under the Authority of the Mwuatec of Suppmy and SerVicee Canada
SMW= Canada should be Czedè1 when repoduOn9 or qudeng any pail 01 thai doc,snent Aoflt 1981
4-2204-501
ajcmee per Is rnml*,e dee Apptoylsionnenwfis em Sendcee Canada
Aeprodudir cu cmtallon aiAoflae mote reeemve cindicatmon lie Is souroa StatIatique Calade
fubicabon
-2-
In addition, since a university degree
has become a requirement for teaching in a
number of provinces, the proportion of staff
with at least one degree vent from 50% to
75%.
The overall effect of these developments.
combined with annual or biennial contract
settlements, is that median salaries jumped
from $9,600 in 1972 to $22,200 in 1979.
En outre, comue le diploma universitaire eat
devenu obligatoire pour l'enseignement dana un
certain nombre de provinces, la proportion du
- personnel titulaire d'au moms un grade eat pas'e.sée de 50% a 75%.
I
Tous ces'facteurs, combines aux dispositions
des conventions collectives annuelles ou biennalea ont fait passer lea salaires medians des
$9,600 qu'ils étaieat en 1972 a $22,200 en 1979.
To facilitate analysis of these changes,
a matrix has been constructed showing the
percentage distribution of the total teaching force classified by years of posteecondary education and teaching experience. As
might be expected, the percentage of staff
with fewer than eight years of experience
decreased, while the percentage with more
than seven years grew. Their level of education underwent a similar upward surge: a decrease in the percentage with one to three
years of postsecoadary education and an increase in the percentage with four or more.
A,fin de faciliter l'analyse de ces changements, nous. ayons construit une matrice pour Ulustrer Is repartition en pourcentage du personnel enseignant classé selon lea anodes d'éducation postaecondaire et d'expérience dana l'enseignement. Comme on pouvait s'y attendre, in proportion du personnel ayant moms de butt années
d'expérience a diminué alors que celle qui en
avait plus de sept a augmente. Le niveau d'éducaUou du personnel a €galement connu une courbe
semblable, soit une diminution des enseignants
possédant moms d'une I trois anodes d'études
posteecondaires et une augmentation de Is proportion des enseignants en possédant quatre ou plus.
In 1972-73 the most numerous group consisted of teachers with five years of postsecondary education and 10 or more years of
experience. Yet despite the general rise in
educational attainment, the modal group in
1979-80 was four years of postsecondary education and 10 or more years of experience. A
breakdown by teaching level explains this
anomaly.
En 1972-73, Is catégorie qui regroupe le plus
grand nombre eat Is catégorie des enseignants qui
posséde ctnq anodes d'études postsecondaires et
dix anodes ou plus d'expérience. Malgré l'élévation générale du niveau d'éducation, le groupe
modal en 1979-80 possède quatre années d'études
postsecondaires et dix anodes ou plus d'expérience. Une ventilation par niveau d'enseignement explique cette anomalie.
At the elementary level in 1972-73,
teachers with two years or less of postsecondary education and 10 years or more experience constituted the largest group. By
1979-80, those with four years of postsecondary education and 10 or more years of experience predominated, having Increased from
5% of the total to 16%.
Au niveau primaire en 1972-73, lea enseignants
poasédant deux années ou moms d'études postsecondaires et dix années ou plus d'expérlence
constituent le groupe le plus nombreux. En 197980, c'est le groupe qul a fait quatre anodes d'études postsecondaires et qui possade dix anodes
ou plus d'expérience qui e8t le plus important,
ayant passé de 5% 1 16% de l'ensemble.
At the secondary level In 1972-73, the
modal category, which accounted for 13% of
the total, was five years postsecondary
education and 10 years or more experience.
Although they increased to 16% In 1979-80,
the group with four years postsecondary
education and 10 or more years experience
made a much larger gain: from 4% to 20%.
Au niveau secondaire en 1972-73, la catégorie
modale, qui compte pour 13% de l'ensemble, possede cmnq anodes d'études postaecondaires et dix
anodes ou plus d'expérience. Blen que ce groupe
soit passe 1 16% en 1979-80, Is catégorte d'enseignants possédant quatre anodes d'études postsecondaires et dix anodes ou plus d'expérience a
enregistré wi gain encore plus important, soit de
4% 1 20%.
-3-
TABLE I. Year. Poet.econdary Education and Year. Teaching Experience, Total Teacher., Canada, 1972-73, 1974-75, 1976-77,
1978-79 and 1979-80
rAELEAU 1. Ann8ea dEtudes po.t.econdatres et ann8ee d'exp4rience, tous lee enceignante, Canada, 1972-73, 1974-75, 1976-77,
1978-79 et 1979-80
Years teaching experience - Annie. d'expirience
Po.teecondary
education
10 or
more
23456789Total
ou plua
ou Soine
I or 1... ttudea
po.t.econdaires 2 years or lea. - annies ou coin.
1972-73
1974-75
1976-77
1978-79
1979-80
3 year.
-
2,2
0.7
0.4
0.6
0.3
1.9
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1
2.3
0.8
0.3
0.3
0.2
1.8
1.1
0.4
0.2
0.3
1.7
1.2
0.6
0.4
0.3
1.4
1.0
0.8
0.5
0.4
1.2
1.0
1.0
0.7
0.5
1.1
0.8
0.8
0.9
0.7
1.0
0.8
0.8
1.0
0.8
9.4
7.3
7.3
7.3
7.6
24.0
15.2
12.6
12.1
11.2
1.9
1.3
0.7
0.4
0.3
1.1
0.8
0.4
0.2
0.2
1.3
0.9
0.5
0.2
0.2
1.2
1.1
0.6
0.3
0.2
1.0
1.1
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.9
1.0
0.8
0.4
0.3
0.7
0.8
0.8
0.4
0.3
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.5
0.3
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.5
0.4
5.3
5.6
5.9
4.6
4.6
14.5
13.9
11.9
7.8
7.0
2.2
2.3
1.4
1.8
1.0
1.1
1.0
1.0
0.6
0.5
1.1
1.0
1.0
0.8
0.6
1.1
1.0
0.9
1.4
0.7
1.0
1.1
0.8
1.5
1.3
0.9
1.0
0.9
1.5
1.3
0.8
0.9
1.1
1.5
1.5
0.6
0.8
0.9
1.6
1.4
0.6
0.7
0.8
1.9
1.5
4.6
5.5
6.5
16.7
17.3
14.0
15.3
15.3
29.3
27.1
5.1
5.3
3.8
4.9
4.3
2.6
2.6
2.7
3.0
2.4
2.3
2.5
2.6
3.1
2.8
2.1
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.9
1.7
2.2
2.4
2.0
2.3
1.5
1.9
2.2
1.8
2.0
1.3
1.7
2.0
1.8
1.8
1.3
1.5
1.8
1.6
1.7
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.7
9.7
11.6
14.1
11.1
12.8
28.8
33.1
35.6
33.0
34.7
1.9
1.9
0.9
1.3
0.9
1.0
1.0
1.0
0.7
0.7
0.9
1.1
1.0
0.7
0.7
1.0
1.1
1.2
0.8
0.8
1.0
1.1
1.2
0.7
0.9
1.0
1.2
1.2
0.8
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.2
0.9
0.9
0.9
1.1
1.3
0.9
1.0
0.9
1.1
1.2
0.8
1.0
9.1
11.7
14.4
10.2
12.3
18.7
22.5
24.6
17.8
20.0
13.3
11.5
7.2
9.0
6.8
7.7
5.9
5.3
4.7
3.9
7.9
6.3
5.4
5.1
4.5
7.2
6.7
5.5
5.1
4.9
6.4
6.7
5.7
4.9
5.0
5.7
6.1
5.9
5.0
4.8
5.0
5.6
6.1
5.3
5.0
4.5
4.9
5.6
5.5
5.1
4.2
4.6
5.1
5.5
5.4
38.1
41.7
48.2
49.9
54.6
100.0
[00.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
annie.
1972-73
1914-75
1976-77
1978-79
1979-80
Vedri - 1n111(S
1972-73
1974-75
1976-77
1978-79
1979-80
5 year. - annie.
1972-73
1974-75
1976-77
1978-79
1979-80
6 years or more - annies ou plu.
1972-73
1974-75
1976-77
1978-79
1979-80
Total
1972-73
1974-75
1976-77
1978-79
1979-80
-4-
TABLE 2. Years Postsecondary Education and Years Teaching Experience, Elementary Teachers, Canada, 1972-73, 1974-75, 1976-77,
1978-79 and 1979-80
TAgLEAU 2. Annes d'études poatsecondaires et années d'expgrience, enseignanta de niveau primaire, Canada, 1972-73, 197475,
1976-77, 1978-79 et 1979-80
Years teaching experience
Ann6es d'exp8rience
-
Postsecondary
education
10 or
more
1 or les8
etudes
posteecondatree
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Total
ou plus
ou moms
2 years or less - 5nn650 ou moths
1972-73
1974-75
1976-77
1978-79
1979-80
0.5
0.7
0.3
2.8
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.1
3.3
1.1
0.4
0.3
0.1
2.7
1.5
0.5
0.3
0.3
2.4
1.7
0.9
0.5
0.3
2.0
1.5
1.2
0.7
0.5
1.7
1.4
1.4
1.1
0.7
1.5
1.2
1.1
1.3
1.0
1.3
1.0
1.1
1.3
1.2
13.7
10.4
10.4
10.2
10.5
34.4
21.3
17,8
16.6
15.0
2.7
1.8
1.1
0.6
0.4
1.6
1.1
0.6
0.3
0.3
1.9
1.3
0.8
0.3
0.3
1.6
1.6
0.9
0.4
0.3
1.4
1.6
1.0
0.6
0.3
1.1
1.4
1.2
0.5
0.4
0.9
1.1
1.2
0.6
0.5
0.8
1.0
1.1
0.7
0.5
0.7
0.8
0.9
0.7
0.6
7.4
7.9
8.4
6.5
6.5
20.3
19.6
17.2
11.2
10.1
2.4
2.7
1.7
2.4
1.2
1.1
1.2
1.1
0.8
0.6
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.0
0.7
1.0
1.2
1.1
1.7
0.9
1.0
1.3
1.0
1.8
1.5
0.9
1.1
1.1
1.9
1.6
0.8
0.9
1.3
1.7
1.7
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.7
1.5
0.6
5.1
6.2
7.5
15.3
16.0
14.7
17.4
17.9
30.1
27.3
4.7
5.3
3.7
5.2
4.5
2.0
2.6
2.8
3.0
2.6
1.7
2.3
2.6
3.1
2.9
1.3
2.0
2.5
2.1
3.0
1.1
1.9
2.2
1.8
2.1
1.0
1.4
1.9
1.5
1.8
1.0
1.3
1.7
1.3
1.6
0.9
1.2
1.4
1.3
1.3
0.8
1.1
1.2
1.0
1.4
7.7
10.0
12.4
9.2
11.2
22.0
29.1
32.4
29.5
32.4
0.7
1.2
0.7
1.2
0.8
0.4
0.6
0.7
0.5
0.5
0.3
0.5
0.6
0.5
0.6
0.3
0.5
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.6
0.7
0.5
0.6
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.5
0.7
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.5
0.7
0.4
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.7
4.9
7.1
8.9
7.1
9.2
8.6
12.6
14.7
12.6
15.2
13.5
11.9
7.7
10.1
7.2
7.9
6.1
5.5
4.8
4.1
8.4
6.4
5.6
5.2
4.6
6.9
6.8
5.7
5.1
5.1
6.3
7.1
5.8
5.2
4.8
5.4
5.9
6.0
5.2
5.0
4.8
5.2
6.2
5.2
5.3
4.2
4.7
5.2
5.5
5.0
3.8
4.3
4.7
38.8
100.0
41.6
47.6
48.3
53,4
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
3.0
0.9
3 years - années
1972-73
1974-75
1976-77
1978-79
1979-80
4 years - annes
1972-73
1974-75
1976-77
1978-79
1979-80
0.8
0.9
1.8
1.6
5 years - annêee
1972-73
1974-75
1976-77
1978-79
1979-80
6 years or more - années ou plus
1972-73
1974-75
1976-77
1978-79
1979-80
Total
1972-73
1974-75
1976-77
1978-79
1979-80
5.4
5.5
-5-
TABLE 3. Year. Poateecondary Education and Year. Teaching Experience 1 Secondary Teacher., Canada, 1972-73, 1974-75, 1976-77,
1978-79 and 1979-80
TABLEAU 3. Annêea d'4tudea po.taecondatree at ann4ae d'exp4rience, enaeigfl*nt8 de nivecu .econdatre, Canada, 1972-73, 1974-75,
1976-77, 1978-79 at 1979-80
Year, teaching experience - Ann8e d'exp*rience
Po.t.econdary
education
Etude,
poateecoodairea
1 or lea.
10 or
more
23456789Total
ou •oins
ou plus
2 years or lea. - ann4es ou moth.
1972-73
1974-75
1976-77
1978-7 9
1979-80
0.7
0.4
0.2
0.5
0.3
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
2.2
1.8
2.1
2.4
2.6
6.2
4.4
3.9
4.5
4.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
1.6
1.5
1.6
1.2
1.2
4.4
3.6
3.0
2.0
1.8
1.8
1.6
0.9
0.7
0.6
1.0
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.3
1.0
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.3
1.2
0.6
0.5
0.9
0.4
1.1
0.8
0.5
0.8
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.6
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.9
0.7
1.2
0.9
0.7
0.8
0.8
1.4
1.1
0.6
0.6
0.8
1.9
1.4
3.7
4.0
4.9
19.1
19.8
12.7
11.4
10.9
27.8
26.4
6.0
5.3
3.9
4.4
3.9
3.8
2.5
2.7
2.9
2.2
3.3
2.9
2.6
3.1
2.7
3.4
3.2
2.4
2.9
2.9
2.7
2.8
2.6
2.5
2.7
2.5
2.8
2.7
2.4
2.3
2.1
2.3
2.5
2.4
2.2
1.9
2.1
2.5
2.4
2.3
1.9
1.9
2.1
1.7
2.3
13.0
14.6
17.1
14.3
15.7
40.6
40.4
41.1
39.0
39.2
3.9
3.2
1.2
1.3
1.1
2.0
1.9
1.6
0.9
0.9
1.8
2.1
1.7
1.1
1.0
2.3
2.2
2.0
1.2
1.1
2.2
2.0
2.1
1.1
1.2
2.0
2.3
2.2
1.2
1.2
2.0
2.3
2.1
1.4
1.3
1.8
2.1
2.4
1.4
1.4
1.8
2.1
2.3
1.5
1.5
16.3
20.0
23.5
15.6
17.5
36.1
40.2
41.1
26.7
28.2
12.8
10.8
6.4
7.0
6.0
7.5
5.4
5.1
4.5
3.6
7.0
6.0
5.1
5.0
4.2
7.7
6.4
5.1
5.2
4.7
6.8
6.2
5.5
4.6
5.0
6.1
6.6
5.9
4.8
4.4
5.5
6.1
5.8
5.3
4.7
4.9
5.5
6.2
5.5
5.1
4.9
5.1
5.7
5.5
5.5
36.8
41.9
49.2
52.6
56.8
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
3 year. - ann&ea
1972-73
19 74-75
1976-77
1978-79
197 9-80
4 year. - ann4e.
1972 -73
1974-75
1976-77
1978-7 9
1979-80
5 year. - ann6e.
1972-7 3
1974-75
1976-77
1978-79
197 9-80
6 years or more - ann4ea ou plus
1972-73
1974 -75
1976-77
197 8-79
1979-80
Total
1972-73
19 74-75
1976-7 7
197 8-79
197 9-80
STJ TI, TICS CNAPA LIRRARY
SIAI -,J'Cjl)f I :t,N,,[:A
III I DI1010507026
I III I li i II I III II
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