Manual 18138796

Manual 18138796
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Statistics Canada
Statistique Canada
Science, Technology and
Capital Stock Division
Division des sciences, de la technologie
et du stock de capital
Catalogue 88-206E Annual
Directory of Federal Government
Scientific & Technological ?2^o^^
Establishments, 1987
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STATISTICS
STATISTIQUE
CANAZJA
C A N A D A
ore 15 198B
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statistics Canada
Science, Technology and Capital Stock Division
Directory of Federal Government
Scientific & Technological
Establishments, 1987
Please note that this Is the last issue of the "Directory of Federal Government Scientific
& Technological Establishments". In future, this information can be obtained on diskette
or hard copy from the Science, Technology and Capital Stock Division at a nominal fee.
Published under the authority of
the Minister of Supply and Services Canada
® Minister of Supply
and Services Canada 1988
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October 1988
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Payment to be made in Canadian funds or equivalent
Catalogue 88-206E
ISSN 0829-6030
Ottawa
Version frangaise de cette publication disponible sur demande (r\° 88-508F au catalogue.)
FOREWORD
This is the third edition of this publication; a comprehensive directory of Federal Government
scientific and technological (S&T) establishments. It is hoped that it will contribute to the general
awareness of the extensive scientific and technological involvement of the Federal Government across
Canada.
Information is based on profiles provided by Federal Government departments and agencies
describing location, type of S&T involved, specialized equipment and number of personnel at each
establishment.
We are grateful to the departments and agencies who contributed many person-hours completing
the questionnaires. Recognition is given to those who worked directly or indirectly in the preparation of this directory. The publication was prepared by Mary-Lynne Redmond, Vicky McDonald
and Janet Thompson under the direction of Bert Plaus, Project Leader, Public Sector of the Science,
Technology and Capital Stock Division. Suggestions are invited, from participating departments
or other users, on the format and content of the directory.
Statistics Canada has made a concerted effort to reproduce the material as accurately and completely as possible within the confines of format and scope and does not assume any liability caused by errors or omissions.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Introduction
- Performing Establishments (By Region and By Department)
7
9
REGION-A Newfoundland
11
REGION-B Nova Scotia
15
REGION-C Prince Edward Island
23
REGION-E New Brunswick
27
REGION-G Eastern Quebec
31
REGION-H Metropolitan Montreal
35
REGION-J Western Quebec
41
REGION-K Eastern Ontario
49
REGION-L Central Ontario
81
REGION-M Metropolitan Toronto
85
REGION-N Southwestern Ontario
89
REGION-P Northern Ontario
93
REGION-R Manitoba
97
REGION-S Saskatchewan
103
REGION-T Alberta
109
REGION-V British Columbia
115
REGION-X Northwest Territories
123
- Funding Establishments (By Department)
127
- Administrative Establishments (By Department)
137
Regional Distribution of Federal Government S&T Establishments, 1985-86
143
Tables:
1. Staff and Expenditures of S&T Establishments, by Region
146
2. Staff of S&T Establishments, by Department and by Region
146
3. Expenditures of S&T Establishments, by Department and by Region
147
Glossary
148
INTRODUCTION
This is a list of all federal establishments engaged in activities in the natural sciences and engineering, as reported in late 1986 by departments and agencies of the Federal Government. A scientific
establishment is considered to be a unit or group of units, with a budget and at one location, which
performs scientific and technological activities.
UNESCO defines scientific and technological (S&T) activities as "... systematic activities which
are closely concerned with the generation, advancement, dissemination and application of scientific and technical knowledge in all fields of science and technology".
The S&T activities covered are divided into six. Research and development (R&D) is creative
work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new application. The other five, collectively termed "Related Scientific Activities" (RSA), are technical surveys,
education support, information services, special services and studies, and museum services.
The directory has been reformated somewhat this year. The main body displays (by region and
by department) the establishments involved in the actual performance of S&T activities. The second section contains a list of establishments which either fund S&T activities (e.g. Granting Councils) or have a supporting or administrative role to S&T activities. This sector is listed alphabetically
by department.
We would be grateful for notification of errors and omissions, as well as suggestions concerning
the presentation.
Please forward any comments to:
Bert Plaus, Project Leader, Public Sector
Science and Technology Statistics Section,
Science, Technology and Capital Stock Division,
STATISTICS CANADA
Ottawa, Ontario KIA 0T6
(613) 951-6347
PERFORMING ESTABLISHMENTS
REGION-A NEWFOUNDLAND
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Newfoundland Forest Research Centre
P.O. Box 6028, St. John's, Newfoundland, AlC 5X8
Contact: A.B. Case, Program Director, Telephone: (709) 772-4682
Activities:
The centre conducts most of the forest research in the Province. Its work is directed primarily towards satisfying the requirements
of the Provincial Government and the Newfoundland forest industries. Its objective is to provide scientific, technological and
economic information and services required for the improvement, protection and efficient utilization of the forest resources.
Facilities:
VAX 8200 computer with VMS Operating System; TRIM system number 8516 - Tree Ring increment measurer; Histomatic
Tissue Processor Model 166 MP and tissue embedding centre; PE-2380 Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer; Metrohm 636
Titroprocessor; Technicon II Autoanalyzer; Dionex Autoin System 12.
Research Station: St. John's
P.O. Box 7098, St. John's, Newfoundland, A l E 3Y3
Contact: Dr. H. Davidson, Director, Telephone: (709) 772-4619
Personnel: Total is 36.
Activities:
Multidisciplinary research at St. John's is directed towards the control of potato wart and golden nematode diseases, clubroot
disease of turnip, and economic crop insects, as well as plant nutrition and vegetable adaptation trials. Emphasis is placed on
increasing vegetable and forage production on peat soils.
FISHERIES AND OCEANS
Fisheries Research Branch - Newfoundland Region
Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Centre, P.O. Box 5667, St. John's, Newfoundland, AlC 5X1
Contact: Mr. M.C. Mercer, Research Director, Telephone: (709) 772-2027
Personnel: Total is 179.
Activities:
The fisheries research programs of the Fisheries Research Branch are directed toward the provision of essential scientific information for effective management and rational use of marine and freshwater fish, shellfish and marine mammal resources in
the Newfoundland and Labrador area. Research responsibilities extend from the Laurentian Channel and Grand Banks to Davis
Strait involving temperate, sub-Arctic and Arctic investigations in fisheries science. With the advent of increased offshore oil
activity in the Newfoundland/Labrador region, a research program on the lethal and sub-lethal effects of oil on various stages
in the life history of marine organisms has commenced. Research directed at protection of the habitat of marine and freshwater
species is also conducted by the branch. Research is conducted into the Ufe history, ecology and population dynamics of the
major groundfish, pelagic, shellfish, marine mammal, freshwater and anadromous species in the Newfoundland/Labrador area.
Research also includes mechanisms involved in the complex interaction between various species and their environment, as well
as the interactions among the various species within the ecosystem. Further work is undertaken on the effects of natural and
man-made contamination of freshwater and marine resources in keeping with fish habitat research and management functions,
as well as studies of pathogenic bacteria particularly on the relationships of endotoxin structure and virulence of fish pathogens.
At the Newfoundland Inspection Division of Seafood Quality Investigation general emphasis is given to technological research,
investigations and advisory services concerned with handling, processing and preservation of fish and fish products on board,
on-shore and at factories. Attention is also given to the utilization of under-utilized species.
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA
Institute for Marine Dynamics
Kerwin Place, P.O. Box 12093, Station A, St. John's, Newfoundland, AlB 3T5
Contact: N.E. Jeffrey, Director, Telephone: (709) 772-2469
Personnel: Total is 56.
Activities:
13
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Concluded)
The Institute for Marine Dynamics (IMD) devises testing programs for ships and offshore structures, in response to the need
for a clear understanding of the conditions found along Canada's long coastline and extensive inland waterways. The Institute's
facilities include a towing tank, an ice tank, a cavitation tunnel, an advanced seakeeping basin, and a computer-controlled milling
machine. This unique grouping of facilities makes IMD one of the most important research institutes for marine hydrodynamics
in the world. IMDisactivein the design of vessels, model construction, and performance trials, including "scaling-up" of results
to be applied to full-sized ships. Operation in ice-covered water is a major research interest. Descriptions of the major research
groups follow.
Arctic Vessel Research Section
Kerwin Place, P.O. Box 12093, Station A, St. John's, Newfoundland,
AlB 3T5
Contact: S.J. Jones, Telephone: (709) 772-5403
Activities:
The group carries out research on the interaction of ice with ships and offshore structures. Work includes use of
a refrigerated ice-tank facility to study hull-ice interactions and to conduct basic investigations into the properties of
model and full-scale ice, the performance of ice-transiting ships, and the effect of ice on offshore structures. The section also carries out full-scale trials for validation of model and theoretical predictions.
Hydrodynamics Research Section
Kerwin Place, P.O. Box 12093, Station A, St. John's, Newfoundland, AlB 3T5
Contact: D.C. Murdey, Telephone: (709) 772-2481
Activities:
The section performs research on the hydrodynamics of ships and offshore structures. It supports industry and other
agencies in the solution of problems associated with the prediction of ship powering performance, stability, seakeeping
and manoeuvring qualities, and the behaviour of offshore structures, particularly in extreme environmental conditions.
Full-scale trials are also conducted.
Research and Development Services Section
Kerwin Place, P.O. Box 12093, Station A, St. John's, Newfoundland, AlB 3T5
Contact: M.B. Thorne, Telephone: (709) 772-2472
Activities:
The section provides technical support to the IMD research sections. Activities include operation, development, and
research in production techniques as required to use the National Facilities cost-effectively.
14
REGION-B NOVA SCOTIA
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Experimental Farm: Nappan
Nappan, Nova Scotia, BOL ICO
Contact: Mr. F.W. Calder, Superintendent, Telephone: (902) 667-3827
Personnel: Total is 33.
Activities:
Research programs are concerned with the management of beef, sheep, and swine, and on their nutrition and feed crop
requirements.
Research Station: Kentville
Kentville, Nova Scotia, B4N 1J5
Contact: C.L. Lockhart, Program Officer, Telephone: (902) 678-2171
Personnel: Total is 121.
Activities:
Kentville is the Atlantic regional centre for research on horticultural products including strawberries, blueberries, ornamentals
and vegetables. Cereal and forage crop programs emphasize winter cereals. The station also operates programs on poultry nutrition on crop protection against pests including studies on plant pathology, insect pests and herbicides and on fruit and vegetable
storage and processing.
The Technology Development Program under the Canada/Nova Scotia Agri-Food Development Agreement is designed to:
1) Enhance the technology for increasing the productive capability of Nova Scotia soils;
2) develop winter hardy strains of perennial fruit crops, forages and cereals suitable for the Nova Scotia climatic and soil
conditions;
3) develop appropriate crop and livestock production systems which can be synthesized fitted to the unique requirements of
the region;
4) develop new crops, particularly those which are uniquely adapted to this area and new products derived from these crops;
5) develop early season production technologies, extended storages and increased efficiency in processing and preservation
methods.
ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES CANADA
Cape Breton Coal Research Laboratory
201 George Street, Sydney, Nova Scotia, BIP 1J3
Contact: D.B. Stewart, Laboratory Manager, Telephone: (403) 987-8238
Personnel: Total is 20.
Activities:
The Cape Breton Coal Research Laboratory was established as part of CANMET's continuing program in response to a recommendation of the Elfstrom Commission's report on the multiple fatalities in No. 26 Colliery at Glace Bay, Nova Scotia. The
objectives of the R&D program are the establishment of safe, efficient mining techniques for local use, to develop a program
for effective underground explosion control and to assist in the development and implementation of new techniques underground.
The laboratory is moving towards its full complement. The initial phases of two underground experimental programs in underground
strata control and ventilation system analysis are underway and have been coordinated with Cape Breton Development Corporation. Plans for the use of a prototype Canadian tunnel boring machine currently under construction in Toronto include performance evaluations by staff of the laboratory. All three laboratories (Cape Breton, Edmonton and Calgary) have a common emphasis
on field oriented R&D programs that are frequently carried out in conjunction with industry at the industrial partner's operating
mine or coal preparation plant. Support from the divisional laboratory bench activities and, on occasion, from other divisions
of CANMET contribute to the success of the field activities.
Facilities:
Open Jet Wind Tunnel for Anemometer Calibration; Dasella Gravimetric Dust Sampler; Automatic Surface Grinder with
Magnetic Chuck.
Atlantic Geoscience Centre
P.O. Box 1006, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, B2Y 4A2
Contact: M.A. Petre, Program Officer, Telephone: (613) 995-4214
Personnel: Total is 118.
Activities:
17
ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES CANADA - (Concluded)
The Atlantic Geoscience Centre is located at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography. Research is concerned with geological
and geophysical studies of the continental margins of Eastern and Arctic Canada and contiguous ocean basins; geology of the
sedimentary basins along the eastern Canadian seaboard including Bay of Fundy, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Hudson Bay, Baffin
Bay and the entire adjacent Atlantic shelf; marine geological and geophysical mapping; experimental and theoretical studies on
the development of continental margins; petroleum geology; coal petrology; surficial and environmental marine geology including
quaternary stratigraphy and glacial history, seabed stability and marine geotechnics, sedimentology of coastal and marine sedimentary environments, inorganic and organic geochemistry. Technology development, e.g., ocean bottom seismometers. Developments
in management of geological, paleontologial and geophysical data. Topics of particular current interest include geophysical modelling
of the development of sedimentary basins; studies of seabed stability on the continental shelf and slope seismicity of passive margins.
Facilities:
Marine Geophysical, Geological Survey and Data Processing Equipment including mini-computers, microprocessors and access
to BIO mainframe; equipment for geochemistry and paleontology labs, instrument and electronic shops.
ENVIRONMENT CANADA
Atmospheric Environmental Service: Atlantic Region
1496 Bedford Highway, 6th Floor, Bedford, Nova Scotia, B4A 1E5
Contact: Cal Carter, Head - Program Analysis - Estimates, Telephone: (416) 667-4911
Personnel: Total is 234.
Activities:
Provision of meteorological services to the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island.
Facilities:
Weather radar; Satellite receiving equipment; Upper atmospheric measurement equipment; Automatic weather stations; Other
meteorological equipment; EDP equipment.
Environmental Protection Service: Dartmouth
45 Alderney Drive, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, B2Y 2N6
Contact: E.J. Jennex, Regional Financial Officer, Telephone: (902) 426-5896
Personnel: Total is 90.
Activities:
The objective of the Environmental Protection Service (EPS) is to ensure that human activities are conducted in a way that
will achieve and maintain a state of the environment necessary for the health and well being of man, the health and diversity
of species and of ecosystems and the sustained use of natural resources for social and economic benefit.
Facilities:
2 A.A. Spectrophotometers; 6 Gas Chromatographs; Infrared Spectrophotometer; Fluorescence Spectrophotometer; 2 UV
Visible Spectrophotometers; ICAP Emission Spectrophotometer; G.C. Mass Spectrophotometer; Ion Chromatograph.
Inland Waters Directorate - Atlantic Region
45 Alderney Drive, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, B2Y 2N6
Contact: S. Fenety, Director, Telephone: (902) 426-6050
Personnel: Total is 83.
Activities:
Water management, water data gathering, water investigations, socio-economic studies.
FISHERIES AND OCEANS
Bedford Institute of Oceanography
P.O. Box 1006, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, B2Y 4A2
Contact: H.B. Nicholls, Head - Ocean Information Services, Telephone: (902) 426-3246
Personnel: Total is 664.
Activities:
Bedford Institute of Oceanography (BIO), owned and operated by Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Scotia-Fundy Region,
is a multi-departmental, multi-disciplinary institute which not only undertakes a full spectrum of ocean research and service functions
FISHERIES AND OCEANS - (Concluded)
for the East coast and Arctic, but also has a significant role in international marine science activities. Client sectors include defence,
marine transportation, energy, fisheries, environment, industrial development and recreation. BIO components are Atlantic
Oceanographic Laboratory (physical and chemical oceanography and ocean instrumentation). Marine Ecology Laboratory (fisheries
and biological oceanograph and environment community studies) and Canadian Hydrographic Service (chart production and
navigation).
Facilities:
In addition to a fleet of ships and launches, BIO has much special equipment, including prototypes (in-house designs), ranging
from satellite reporting data collection packages and navigation systems to sensitive advanced sonar for study of marine communities.
Fisheries Development Branch
1649 Hollis Street, 6th Floor, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3J 2S7
Contact: Mr. David W. Lemon, Chief - Special Projects, F.D.B, Scotia-Fundy Region, Telephone: (902) 426-2328
Personnel: Total is 18.
Activities:
Atlantic fisheries technology activities are coordinated from Ottawa HQ and implemented from four regional offices located
in St. John's (Newfoundland Region), Halifax (Scotia-Fundy Region), Moncton (Gulf Region), and Quebec City (Quebec Region).
All work is carried out through contracts and joint arrangements. The main thrust of the program includes applied industrial
research and development of fisheries technology directed at the Atlantic commercial fishing industry. The four main objectives
include: expansion of the commercial resource base, reduction in the cost of harvesting, processing, handling, and storage, increased
value added to the resources, more conservation-oriented harvesting of the resource.
Fisheries Research Branch - Scotia-Fundy Region
P.O. Box 550, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3J 2S7
Contact: Dr. R.E. Lavoie, Assistant to the Director, Telephone: (902) 426-2147
Personnel: Total is 146.
Activities:
Research programs focus on the life history, ecology, population dynamics, species-interactions and stock assessments of the
major finfish, shellfish and marine plant and marine mammal species of the region. Environmental studies are also conducted
on fish and shellfish with emphasis on disease, nutrition, growth, physiology and effects of contaminants, including sublethal
effects of pollutants on commercially important finfish and invertebrates and their environment. There are additional programs
in endocrinology, genetics and physiology in support of fisheries resource management and development. Field-oriented research
programs are directed to studies on population assessments, exploitation, growth, angling harvest and spawning success of freshwater
and anadromous species, particularly Atlantic salmon in Nova Scotia and southern New Brunswick. In addition, salmon enhancement programs involving biological investigations, engineering technology and fish culture operations are conducted to expand
and rehabilitate stocks in selected rivers and lakes. Applied research is conducted on environmental factors (including acidification) impacting on the habitat of freshwater dependent species.
NATIONAL DEFENCE
Defence Research Establishment: Atlantic
P.O. Box 1012, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, B2Y 3Z7
Contact: A. Patrick, Program Control Officer, Telephone: (613) 996-5912
Personnel: Total is 209.
Activities:
Defence Research Establishment: Atlantic (DREA), located in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, is a Maritime laboratory concerned
with research related to the problems of anti-submarine defence in the North Atlantic including underwater acoustics, signal
processing, transducer research, hydronautics and materials research.
Facilities:
Research Vessel - CFAV Quest.
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA
Atlantic Research Laboratory
1411 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 3Z1
Contact: R.A. Foxall, Director, Telephone: (902) 426-8278
Personnel: Total is 80.
19
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
Activities:
The Atlantic Research Laboratory (ARL) performs research and development mainly in the marine sciences and in industrial
materials and processes relevant to the economy of the Atlantic provinces. The marine-related research includes studies of the
biology and biochemistry of organisms, particularly marine plants, and the development of marine analytical chemistry
methodologies and standards. Research and development on materials and processes focus primarily on the development and
use of specialized ceramics in industry. Other research in the laboratory includes studies of the ecology and physiology of fungi
with emphasis on their role in agricultural systems. Descriptions of major laboratory groups are listed below.
Analytical Methods and Services Section
1411 Oxford Street, Hahfax, Nova Scotia, B3H 3Z1
Contact: W.D. Jamieson, Telephone: (902) 426-8279
Activities:
The section develops and maintains advanced capabilities in the application of chemical or physical methods to the
characterization of materials. These capabilities support internal projects and respond to external industrial or scientific
needs. A major goal is to improve Canadian capabilities in marine analytical chemistry. Under the Marine Analytical
Chemistry Standards Program, activities at ARL and the Division of Chemistry in Ottawa are coordinated to develop
reference materials, standards, and methods in order that more accurate, comparable, analytical chemistry data can
be obtained for marine materials or biota. The section's areas of special analytical capability include infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (including electron microprobe analysis), x-ray crystallography, atomic absorption spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy, and organic mass spectrometry (including
high resolution and MSMS capabilities, and analysis using directly coupled gas chromatography, liquid chromatography,
or pyrolysis equipment).
Biological Chemistry Section
1411 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 3Z1
Contact: A.G. Mclnnes, Telephone: (902) 426-8262
Activities:
The section is studying the biological role of silicon in marine organisms with particular emphasis on the biomineralization (silica shell formation) process in diatoms, which are an essential component of the marine food web. Knowledge
of the mechanisms of biomineralization and the unique physical properties conferred by the association of the organic
and inorganic components of biominerals has important implications in material science and medicine. The section depends
heavily on its nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) facilities which cover a range of nuclei and field strength, and has
access to the NMR spectrometersat the Atlantic Region Magnetic Resonance Centre, Dalhousie University.
Industrial Liaison Office
1411 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 3Z1
Contact: M. MacKinnon, Telephone: (902) 426-8589
Activities:
ARL's Industrial Liaison Office helps companies access the expertise within the laboratory and the National Research
Council of Canada. In addition to maintaining close contact with the Technology Advisory Network of NRC's Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP), the Industrial Liaison Office provides a linkage for companies to NRC divisions and, where appropriate, to other government and commercial laboratories, in order to obtain the necessary technical
advice that would benefit the client. The office also assists the Department of Regional Industrial Expansion (DRIE)
in obtaining technical assessments of various proposals submitted to that department.
Industrial Materials and Processes Section
1411 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 3Z1
Contact: S.G. Whiteway, Telephone: (902) 426-8269
Activities:
The section carries out research on materials and processes of industrial importance in Eastern Canada. The materials
of particular interest are those important for advanced structural ceramics, such as aluminum and zirconium oxides
as well as various carbides and nitrides. The processes are those required to fabricate ceramic powders into prototypical
industrial components. The section has facilities for physico-chemical measurements on solids, liquids, and gases at
temperatures of up to 1700 degrees C. These include induction generators, high-temperature furnaces, mass spectrometers,
a Mossbauer spectrometer, coal preparation and pyrolysis equipment, isostatic presses, and a variety of modern analytical
instruments.
20
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Concluded)
Marine Biosciences Section
1411 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 3Z1
Contact: J.S. Craigie, Telephone: (902) 426-8287
Activities:
The objectives of the section are to obtain knowledge about the fundamental life processes and chemistry of coastal marine
organisms, especially algae, and to promote the application of Canadian expertise in marine biology to develop marine resources
and aquaculture. The section's program consists of four components: physiology and biochemistry; systematics and life
histories; algal genetics; marine natural products.
Microbiology Section
1411 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 3Z1
Contact: A. Taylor, Telephone: (902) 426-8289
Activities:
The section examines the ecology, physiology, and chemistry of fungi with particular reference to their role in agricultural
systems. The emphasis is on mycotoxins and symbiotic associations with other plants.
21
REGION-C PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Research Station: Charlottetown
P.O. Box 1210, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, CIA 7M8
Contact: Dr. L.B. Macleod, Director, Telephone: (902) 892-5461
Personnel: Total is 114.
Activities:
The research station at Charlottetown has the Atlantic Region resonsibility for research on the producdon and utilization of
livestock feed crops (forages, cereals, protein), tobacco, and certain vegetable crops grown for processing. Emphasis on potato
research is in the area of nutrition and management for processing and table potatoes. Research is conducted on disease evaluation and control and postharvest testing by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for virus content of potatoes destined
for domestic and export seed markets.
The Technology Development Program under the Canada/Prince Edward Island Agri-Food Agreement subsidary to the Economic and Regional Development Agreement involves the development of new technologies with the goal of encouraging product
diversification, appraisal and/or developing soil and water conservation management practices and improving optato production
management and potato disease detection.
Facilities:
Baroscope and accessories; Data loggers and accessories.
25
REGION-E NEW BRUNSWICK
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Animal Pathology Laboratory: Sackville
P.O. Box 1410, Sackville, New Brunswick, EOA 3C0
Contact: Vicki Lauzon, Financial Officer, Telephone: (613) 995-5433
Personnel: Total is 18.
Activities:
The laboratory is involved in bacteriological, histopathological and virological studies to improve diagnostic procedures in
bovineovine and poultry diseases in studies on the pathogenesis of ovin pneumonia and in parasitological research on trichinosis
in swine and other animals, including wild animals. Although research and diagnostic work is conducted on diseases of several
animal species, emphasis is placed on ovidae. The diagnostic function is in support of the livestock industry and regulatory agencies.
Facilities:
Titertek Multiscan MC (ELISA plate reader); Titertek Autodrop (Microplate dispenser); Titertek Microplate Washer (120);
Hamilton Microlab 1000 (Digital Diluter).
Maritimes Forest Research Centre
College Hill, P.O. Box 4000, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3B 5P7
Contact: Dr. Thomas E. Sterner, Program Director (Research), Telephone: (506) 452-3506
Activities:
The centre carries on a broad program of research in all forestry and forestry-related disciplines, seeking solutions for the
major forest management problems in the Maritimes. There are nine active sub-programs, one dealing primarily with forest research
and technical services and one with forestry development agreements. Research projects address several major problem areas
including forest renewal, acid rain, forest productivity, spruce budworm, and other insects and diseases. The overall aim of the
centre's program is to solve major forestry problems and develop more efficient management techniques for use by forest management agencies in the three Maritime Provinces.
Facilities:
ICP Spectrometer with plasma and therm source; Acid rain misting chambers.
Research Station: Fredericton
850 Lincoln Road, P.O. Box 20280, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3B 4Z7
Contact: G.C. Misener, Acting Director, Telephone: (506) 452-3260
Personnel: Total is 132.
Activities:
The Fredericton research station maintains programs on production and improvement of horticultural crops. A multidisciplinary
effort is directed to the development of production technologies for potatoes that will ensure the viability of the potato industry,
improve the quality of seed potatoes and promote the seed export market. Research on potato breeding includes estimates of
genetic parameters, and the use of Canadian germ plasm resources to broaden the genetic base. Integrated pest management
is emphasized, as well as testing procedures for mycotoxins. Soil management and conservation studies include ongoing research
on erosion control, drainage systems and subsoiling. Animal nutrition, the production of livestock feeds, forage and cereal crops,
the handling and conservation of forage are carried out in close collaboration with Nappan Experimental Farm.
The Technology Development Program under the Canada/New Brunswick Agri-Food Agreement subsidiary to the Economic
and Regional Development Agreement is designed to:
1) increase the production of high-quality, competitively priced, locally produced feeds through research and technological
developments on grain and forage crops and alternative crops, as well as on efficient production systems;
2) increase the quantity and quality of grain, forage and high energy protein crops through the development and application
of improved land management practices;
3) increase the production of livestock production in the province through improvements in productivity, cost efficiencies
and more effective marketing;
4) increase the production of horticultural crops through an applied research program targetted at replacing some horticultural
crops or products now supplied from external sources, developing selected specialty crops and additional processing of
selected crops.
Facilities:
Inverters for electronic scales; IBM-PC computer, monitor; Pressure transducers; Data loggers and recorder; Tensimeter;
Electronic, analytical balance; Carbon dioxide and oxygen analysts; Extender chassis (for the data logger); Humidity probes;
Load cells.
29
AGRICULTURE CANADA - (Concluded)
Senator Herve J. Michaud Experimental Farm
P.O. Box 667, Buctouche, New Brunswick, EOA IGO
Contact: Dr. G. Rousselle, Superintendent, Telephone: (506) I'\'i-1A6A
Personnel: Total is 12.
Activities:
Work at this farm is concerned with response to the industry requirements of the Eastern New Brunswick coastal area, and
with techniques for improving winter hardiness of apple trees and management of small fruit crops.
FISHERIES AND OCEANS
St. Andrew's Biological Station
P.O. Box 550, St. Andrew's, New Brunswick, EOG 1X1
Contact: Dr. J.E. Stewart, Research Director, Telephone: (902) 426-3130
Personnel: Total is 97.
Activities:
Research is divided into three broad categories. The first two divisions cover the marine vertebrate and invertebrate fisheries
by conducting research into the biology and management of fisheries resources through studies of life history, ecology, behavior,
population dynamics and stock assessment. The third broad category is one of environmental studies of the effects of local industries
and resource management practices, including the sublethal effects of pollutants on commercially important fish and invertebrates,
their environment and the fisheries they support. There are additional programs based on endocrinology, genetics and physiology
in support of resource management and development. The Biological Stadon is located on Passamaquoddy Bay. Research programs are also undertaken in collaboration with the Huntsman Marine Laboratory, and North Atlantic Salmon Research Centre.
Science Branch - Gulf Region
P.O. Box 5030, 343 Archibald Street, Moncton, New Brunswick, EIC 9B6
Contact: R.A. Eisner, Assistant to the Regional Director, Telephone: (506) 857-6258
Personnel: Total is 98.
Activities:
Research focuses both on marine and freshwater fisheries; cooperative studies are carried out with Maritime Universities and
other government laboratories. Programs underway include: marine fish and invertebrate stock assessments and biology; marine
fish parasites studies; stock assessment and biology of salmon, gaspereau and smelts, culture of marine molluscs and salmonids;
impact of man's activities on marine and freshwater ecosystems; protection of habitats critical to the life cycle of important
species. Field stations are located in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and New Brunswick - both at freshwater
and marine sites.
30
REGION-G EASTERN QUEBEC
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Experimental Farm: Kamouraska
P.O. Box 400 La Pocatiere, Kamouraska, Quebec, GOR lAO
Contact: Mr. J.E. Comeau, Superintendent, Telephone: (418) 856-3141
Personnel: Total is 41.
Activities:
The experimental farm at La Pocatiere is responsible to the Research Station at Ste-Foy, Quebec and carries out programs
on cereals, forage crops, potatoes and tree fruits.
Experimental Farm: Normandin
1472 Saint Cyrville Street, Normandin, Quebec, GOW 2E0
Contact: M. J.M. Wauthy, Superintendent, Telephone: (418) 274-3378
Personnel: Total is 28.
Activities:
The experimental farm at Normandin is responsible to the Research Station at Ste-Foy, Quebec and carries out programs concerned with evaluating Hnes and varieties of forage crops, cereal crops, and some small fruits.
Laurentian Forest Research Centre
1055 rue du P.E.P.S., C.P. 3800, Ste-Foy, Quebec, GIV 4C7
Contact: Nicole Gaudreault, Financial Analyst, Telephone: (514) 648-5260
Activities:
Systems analysis applied to forestry and related disciplines and computer simulation models including optimization by dynamic
programming, of individual trees, stands, and of management strategies. Remote sensing as related to forest stand inventory.
Insect pathology epidemiology, ecology, population dynamics and biological control of forest insects, particularly the spruce
budworm and the gypsy moth.
Research Station: Ste-Foy
2560 Hochelaga Boulevard, Ste-Foy, Quebec, GIV 2J6
Contact: S.J. Bourget, Director, Telephone: (418) 694-4814
Personnel: Total is 91.
Activities:
This research station, located near the campus of Laval University, is responsible for research aimed at overcoming problems
associated with the production of forage and cereal crops in Quebec and other parts of Eastern Canada. Attention is given to
grasses and legumes, especially timothy and alfalfa to cereals, notably oats and barley to soil management, particularly the fertility and drainage requirements of low lying alluvial soils and to insect, disease and physiological problems associated with crop
production, with special emphasis on research on factors contributing to winter hardiness.
ENVIRONMENT CANADA
Inland Waters Directorate - Quebec Region
1141 Church Street, P.O. Box 10100, Ste-Foy, Quebec, GIV 4H5
Contact: Claude Triquet, Directeur, Telephone: (418) 648-3921
Personnel: Total is 30.
Activities:
Management of waters of national and international interest, by agreement with the provinces. Management of waters under
provincial jurisdiction where the national interest is affected, in the Quebec region.
FISHERIES AND OCEANS
Champlain Centre for Marine Science and Surveys
P.O. Box 15500, 901 Cap Diamant, Quebec City, Quebec, GIK 7Y7
Contact: Paul Bellemare, Acting Director, Telephone: (418) 648-4908
Personnel: Total is 88.
Activities:
33
FISHERIES AND OCEANS - (Concluded)
The activities of the Champlain Centre for Marine Sciences and Surveys are performed in the oceanographic and hydrographic
areas. The oceanographic group can be divided into three fields of specialized research as follows: biological oceanography, with
a mandate aiming for a better comprehension of the coasts and estuaries ecosystems chemical oceanography, with a mandate
for the preservation of the marine resources and the quality of waters under regional jurisdiction physical oceanography, obtaining
a better comprehension of the circuladon of the mixed coastal waters in contact with an influx of soft water from the Gulf of
St. Lawrence estuary and the nordic waters along the Quebec coast. On the other hand, the Hydrographic Service of Canada
has a mandate to collect hydrographic data (bathymetrics, tidegraphics, currents data, etc.) to produce the maps used for maritime
navigation. A section of research and development within the HSC has a mandate to develop and implement new technologies
for hydrographic study.
Facilities:
Positional system - Syledis SR3; Electromagnedc currentometers - MARSH McBirney; Teledetection detector - MEISS.
Fisheries Research Branch - Quebec Region
Gare Maritime Champlain, P.O. Box 15500, 901 Cap Diamant, Quebec City, Quebec, GIK 7X7
Contact: Jean-Jacques Maguire, Acdng Director, Telephone: (418) 648-3543
Personnel: Total is 65.
Activities:
Research focuses on marine fisheries, and studies are often carried out in cooperation with Quebec universities or other government
laboratories. Programs are underway in the following areas: stock delineadon and assessment, and determination of yields for
exploited stocks; life cycle and ecology of fish, invertebrate and marine mammal species of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and St.
Lawrence estuary; structure and dynamics of marine ecosystems in the same areas; impact of man's activities (eg. pollution,
hydroelectric development) on marine ecosystems; and protection of habitats critical to the life cycle of important species. Laboratory
facilities are also located at the University du Quebec k Rimouski.
NATIONAL DEFENCE
Defence Research Establishment: Valcartier
P.O. Box 880, Courcellete, Quebec, GOA IRO
Contact: A. Patrick, Program Control Officer, Telephone: (613) 996-5912
Personnel: Total is 607.
Activities:
Defense Research Establishment: Valcarder (DREV), located adjacent to CFB Valcartier near Quebec City, conducts research
in the fields of armaments, electro-optical aspects of surveillance and remote sensing, command and control, propellants, explosives,
areospace, lasers and weapon systems analysis.
Facilities:
Mobile Lab - C02 Laser Experiments; Pilot Plant - propellants and explosives.
34
REGION-H METROPOLITAN MONTREAL
DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATIONS
Canadian Workplace Automation Research Centre
1575 Chomodey Boulevard, Laval, Quebec, H7V 2X2
Contact: Daryl Leitch, Financial Analyst, Telephone: (613) 990-4665
Personnel: Total is 41.
Activities:
The Canadian Workplace Automation Research Centre (CWARC) is devoted exclusively to R&D in all aspects of office automadon. The R&D program will be centered around the broad topic of work place automation including the technological, socioeconomic, behavioural, institutional and international aspects. More specifically, it will ensure that the necessary technology
is available at the appropriate time, ensure that Canadian universities take an active interest in the field in order that a flow
of trained skilled people will be available to meet Canadian needs, ensure that the social, behavioural and institutional impact
of the introduction of the new technologies is investigated; maintain an awareness of developments on the international scene
and advise industry and governments on developments and possible actions.
ENVIRONMENT CANADA
Atmospheric Environmental Service: Quebec Region
100 Alexis Nihon Boulevard, 31st Floor, St. Laurent, Quebec, H4M 2N6
Contact: Cal Carter, Head - Program Analysis - Esdmates, Telephone: (416) 667-4911
Personnel: Total is 220.
Activities:
Provision of meteorological services to the province of Quebec and the Eastern part of the Northwest Territories.
Facilities:
Weather radar; upper atmospheric measurement equipment; automatic weather stations; other meteorological equipment; EDP
equipment.
Canadian Meteorological Centre
2121 North Service Road, Suite 404, Dorval, Quebec, H9P 1J3
Contact: Cal Carter, Head - Program Analysis - Estimates, Telephone: (416) 667-4911
Personnel: Total is 151.
Activities:
Central processor of meteorological data.
Facilities:
EDP equipment.
FISHERIES AND OCEANS
Arctic Biological Station
555, Boulevard St-Pierre, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, H9X 3R4
Contact: Dr. A.W. Mansfield, Director, Telephone: (514) 457-3660
Personnel: Total is 28.
Activities:
The laboratory studies life history, ecology and population dynamics of marine mammals in arctic and eastern Canadian waters
and of marine and anadromous fishes of the arctic and subarctic, and the effects of environmental disturbance on these animals.
Productivity of benthos, plankton and fish is used in assessing the effects of man's activities on the arctic marine environment.
Physiological studies on marine invertebrates and evaluation of the effects of arctic crude oils on the invertebrate fauna are conducted, as well as assessment of seasonal fluctuation of microbial flora in northern marine waters and their ability to degrade
arctic crude oils.
NATIONAL FILM BOARD
Technical Research Division
3155 Cote de Liesse Road, St. Laurent, Quebec, H4N 2N4
Contact: Eddy Zwaneveld, Director - Technical Research, Telephone: (514) 283-9143
Personnel: Total is 789.
Activities:
37
NATIONAL FILM BOARD - (Concluded)
Research is directed towards making the NFB a centre for applied technical research and for the technical and artistic development of audiovisual communicadon. New impetus is being given to the applied research program and the modernizadon of facilities to meet the highest technical standards. Plans include the creation of a "Centre d'animatique" where all research on computer
assisted animation will be collected. Some 25 research projects are presently underway in response to current production needs.
Facilities:
Computer-assisted edidng system for films, using videotape and videodiscs; an interactive videotape programming and playback system, using video-cassettes.
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA
Biotechnology Research Institute
6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, Quebec, H4P 2R2
Contact: B. Coupal, Director, Telephone: (514) 496-6101
Personnel: Total is 52.
Activities:
The Canadian government has invested heavily in the field of biotechnology with the establishment of the Biotechnology Research
Institute in Montreal, to help Canadian industries become more competitive on international markets. The research centre focusses
on the industrial applications of biological sciences and on the development of new processes and products relating to food,
energy, health care, and forestry. Descriptions of major program areas are listed below.
Biochemical Engineering Program
6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, Quebec, H4P 2R2
Contact: G. Andre, Telephone: (514) 496-6194
Activities:
Research focusses on biosensor studies, production of biopolymers, separation of products of industrial relevance;
detoxification of waste products, development of biosensors and processes for waste-treatment applications; simulation
of fermentadon processes; development of new production technologies using bioreactors; bioconversion of lignin; scale-up
of bioprocesses in pilot-plant facilities.
Cell Fusion and Molecular Immunology Program
6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, Quebec, H4P 2R2
Contact: M. Lalande, Telephone: (514) 496-6140
Activities:
Research focusses on the development of cell fusion techniques for animal, fungal, and bacterial systems; production
of monoclonal antibodies; selection of clones using laser screening techniques.
Enzyme Technology Program
6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, Quebec, H4P 2R2
Contact: J. Gagnon, Telephone: (514) 496-6169
Activities:
Research focusses on the isoladon and fundamental characterization of proteins and enzymes; production of biologically active peptides; modificadon of proteins; enzyme kinedcs; molecular monitoring.
Genetic Engineering Program
6100 Royalmount Avenue, Montreal, Quebec, H4P 2R2
Contact: D. Thomas, Telephone: (514) 496-6156
Activities:
Research focusses on the synthesis of oligonucleoddes, improvement of biopesticides, modificadon of microorganisms for the concentration of heavy metals, ligation of single strand DNA; expression and secretion of proteins by
yeast, food proteases engineering, construction of yeast vectors, study of growth control in yeast; genetic expression
and maturation of proteins in superior cells, vector construction for gene transfer, isolation of new mammalian cell lines.
38
TRANSPORT CANADA
Hydraulics Research Centre
10611 Rue St. Patrick, Lasalle, Quebec, HSR ISl
Contact: C.J.R. Lawrie, Chief - Waterways Development, Telephone: (613) 990-5617
Personnel: Total is 8.
Activities:
The Canadian Coast Guard's Hydraulics Research Centre is utilized by research engineers to conduct in-house studies in establishing safe and efficient channel conditions for navigation in Canadian waterways. Investigations are conducted on scale models
simulating the site and vessel conditions to be studied. In general, these studies are oriented by the departments regulatory and
operational responsibilities, and they relate to existing conditions or proposed developments. Some of the research programs
in progress or being planned are: the invesdgadon of methods of protecting bridge piers in navigable waters; study of buoy mooring forces; determination of loss of speedpower of vessels navigating in ice-infested waterways; and testing of large vessel manoeuvrings in restricted waterways.
Transportation Development Centre - Headquarters Administration
Guy Favreau Complex, 200 Dorchester Boulevard, Suite 601, West Tower, Montreal, Quebec, H2Z 1X4
Contact: Trevor Smith, Senior Research Officer, Telephone: (514) 283-0022
Personnel: Total is 51.
Activities:
Program identifies, promotes and manages the application of science and technology towards developing a safer, more effective Canadian transportadon system. Research and development projects in support of Transport Canada's operational, regulatory, policy planning and evaluation funcdons.
39
REGION-J WESTERN QUEBEC
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Animal Pathology Laboratory: St-Hyacinthe
3000 Sicotte Street, St-Hyacinthe, Quebec, J2S 2L8
Contact: Vicki Lauzon, Financial Officer, Telephone: (613) 995-5433
Personnel: Total is 15.
Activities:
Over the next three years (1985-1988), the laboratory will be completely reorganized. At present, its activities are confined
to certain diagnostic procedures for the detection of bacterial contamination in meat and meat products and the support for
some eradication and exploration programs. In the medium term, the laboratory will be assigned additional responsibilities involving
research primarily in the area of porcine diseases.
Experimental Farm: L'Assomption
P.O. Box 1070, L'Assompdon, Quebec, JOK IGO
Contact: M. F. Dansse, Superintendent, Telephone: (514) 589-4775
Personnel: Total is 30.
Activities:
The experimental farm at L'Assomption and its sub-station at Lavaltrie, are concerned with the production of cigarette and
cigar tobacco. Research on ornamental trees and shrubs is also conducted at L'Assomption, and the farm collaborates with the
St-Jean station in the production of insect and disease-resistant strains of corn grown for grain.
Food Research Station
3100 Laframboise Boulevard, Suite 103, St-Hyacinthe, Quebec, J2S 4Z4
Contact: Dr. R.R. Riel, Director, Telephone: (514) 773-5771
Personnel: Total is 16.
Activities:
The centre's program focusses on the development of new processes and improved methods in their application to milk, meat,
cereals, oilseeds, fruits, vegetables, eggs and beverages. Special attention is given to biotechnology, irradiation, fermentation,
extraction and fractionation of biological materials. There is emphasis on the study of new ingredients, new food concepts, new
equipment and new packaging and preservation techniques.
Facilities:
There are laboratories for the basic food disciplines and also six major pilot plants oriented towards food engineering,
biotechnology, aromas and extraction, irradiation, cheeses and general. These facilities are accessible to researchers from the
food industry or other organizations to do their own research and development.
Research Station: Lennoxville
P.O. Box 90, Lennoxville, Quebec, JIM 1Z3
Contact: Dr. J.C. St. Pierre, Director, Telephone: (819) 565-9171
Personnel: Total is 101.
Activities:
Research focuses on the production aspects of dairy cattle, beef cattle, swine and sheep, and on the production and utilization
of forage crops. Genetic and physiological research is aimed at increasing the reproduction rate of beef cows through crosses
with beef and dairy breeds, by reducing calving complications and by stimulating multiple ovulations through better feeding.
In swine, work is done on reproductive physiology and in sheep, the researchers seek to lengthen the mating period through
selection, in order to obtain two litters per year. Research is also underway on the production of forages, soil fertility and soil
physics as well as the agronomic value of animal waste for better disposal by land applications.
Research Station: St-Jean-sur-Richelieu
P.O. Box 457, St-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec, J3B 6Z8
Contact: Dr. C.B. Aube, Director, Telephone: (514) 589-4775
Personnel: Total is 88.
Activities:
The research station is situated south of Montreal and offers favourable conditions for the production of horticultural crops,
corn and tobacco. Research programs are oriented to the production and protection of vegetables, tree fruits and small fruits
as well as herbs and corn, all of which contribute to the economic development of Quebec. The following sub-stations provide
the St-Jean research station with facilities for field work for fruit, market-garden crops, and legumes, respectively: Frelighsburg,
Quebec, JOJ ICO; Ste-Clothilde, Quebec, JOL IWO; L'Acadie, 280 Montee Paradis, Quebec, JOJ IHO.
43
CONSUMER AND CORPORATE AFFAIRS CANADA
Patent Office
50 rue Victoria, Hull, Quebec, KIA OEl
Contact: M. Fauteux, Acting Activity Coordinator, Telephone: (613) 994-4818
Personnel: Total is 258.
Activities:
The objective of the Patent Office, in granting patents, is to acquire and disseminate technological information and to encourage
the creation, adopdon and exploitation of invendons. Patent applications are examined to ensure that they comply with the
requirements of the Patent Act and the Patent Rules. Such examination includes a search of the prior art, a decision regarding
the presence of novelty, utility and inventive ingenuity, and verification of compliance with all other aspects of Canadian patent law.
ENVIRONMENT CANADA
Environmental Protection Service: Hull
Place Vincent Massey, Hull, Quebec, KIA 0E7
Contact: Robert Matteau, Chief - Financial Services, Telephone: (819) 953-1148
Personnel: Total is 287.
Activities:
The objective of the Environment Protecdon Service (EPS) is to ensure that human activities are conducted in a way that
will achieve and maintain a state of the environment necessary for the health and well being of man, the health and diversity
of species and of ecosystems and the sustained use of natural resources for social and economic benefit.
Environmental Protection Service: Montreal
1001 Ave Pierre Dupuy, Longueuil, Quebec, J4K lAl
Contact: Christian Blaise, Head of Ecotoxicology R&D, Telephone: (514) 651-6862
Personnel: Total is 51.
Activities:
The objecdves of the Environmental Protection Service (EPS) is to ensure that human acdvities are conducted in a way that
will achieve and maintain a state of the environment necessary for the health and well being of man, the health and diversity
of species and of ecosystems and the sustained use of natural resources for social and economic benefit.
Lands Directorate
Floor, Place Vincent Massey, Hull, Quebec, KIA 0E7
Contact: J. Thie, Director, Telephone: (819) 997-1246
Personnel: Total is 75.
Activities:
The aim of the Lands Directorate is to promote environmentally sound uses and management of Canada's land resources
in keeping with federal responsibilities and nadonal objectives. The Directorate's program has two major components: (1) Land
Use Policy and Research, (2) Land Monitoring, Evaluadon and Data Systems. The first component embraces land use policy
development, socio-economic research on land use and methodological development for land use planning. The second covers
the development of data bases on the characterisdcs and use of land, ecological research and land capability assessment, and
data management and processing services. Associated with each component are related coordinadon, advisory and information
services. It can be said that the Directorate is applying an interdisciplinary approach to develop an understanding and an appreciation
of the country's land resources and their uses from a national perspective. It is taking measures - frequently through cooperative
action and other agencies - to promote full consideration of national land resource interests in the many planning and decisionmaking forums that influence the evolution of the land use pattern and the quality, productivity and management of the land.
National Wildlife Research Centre - Environmental Chemistry Section
100 Gamelin Boulevard, Hull, Quebec, KIA 0E7
Contact: Dr. D.B. Peakall, Program Administrator, Telephone: (819) 997-2780
Personnel: Total is 3.
Activities:
Measurement of toxic chemical residues in the tissues of wildlife, study of bioenergetic of Herring Gulls, organochlorine residues
in polar bears and in marine mammals.
44
ENVIRONMENT CANADA - (Continued)
National Wildlife Research Centre - L.R.T.A.P. Section
100 Gamelin Boulevard, Hull, Quebec, KIA 0E7
Contact: Ms. C. Fisher, Program Administrator, Telephone: (819) 997-6086
Personnel: Total is 4.
Activities:
Research on the effects of acid rain on Canadian wildlife and its habitat; program Coordination for CWS - LRTAP; scientific
advice of LRTAP problem to DOE, interdepartmental and federal-provincial committees; participation in scientific assessment
of problem for Canada/U.S. negotiations on transboundary air pollution.
National Wildlife Research Centre - Toxic Chemicals Program Section
100 Gamelin Boulevard, Hull, Quebec, KIA 0E7
Contact: Dr. D.B. Peakall, Program Administrator, Telephone: (819) 997-2780
Personnel: Total is 3.
Activities:
Study of the effects of pesticides used in agriculture and forestry on wildlife and its habitat. Management of the tissue bank
of the collected specimens of Canadian wildlife for the future toxic residues measurements. Evaluation of the impacts of pesticides,
industrial chemicals and other chemical hazards on wildlife and its habitat. Management of CWS toxic chemicals monitoring
and research support services (specimen bank, tissue preparation labs, data base management, quality assurance, aviary, and
chemical analyses by contracts) and the program coordination and development activities.
National Wildlife Research Centre - Wildlife Toxicology Section
100 Gamelin Boulevard, Hull, Quebec, KIA 0E7
Contact: Dr. D.B. Peakall, Program Administrator, Telephone: (819) 997-2780
Personnel: Total is 1.
Activities:
Study of the effects of oil and oil dispersants on sea birds.
Parks Canada - Archeological Research Centre
10 Wellington Street, Hull, Quebec KIA 3G2
Contact: Yvonne McNutt, Head - Administration, Telephone: (613) 993-9800
Personnel: Total is 43.
Activities:
Provide, through the research and analysis of physical, documentary and oral evidence, information necessary to determine
significance, treatment and use of historic and pre-historic resources for Parks Canada's purposes and make it available for
public benefit.
Water Resources Branch
Place Vincent Massey, 351 St. Joseph Boulevard, Hull, Quebec, KIA 0E7
Contact: D. Kimmett, Director, Telephone: (819) 997-1508
Personnel: Total is 37.
Activities:
The collection, processing, analysis, storage, interpretation, and provision of water quantity and sediment data for water resources
management.
Facilities:
Data Collection Platforms (DCP); Power Supply Systems; Sensors; Portable Data Logger; Automated hydrographic data acquisition systems.
INDIAN AND NORTHERN AFFAIRS CANADA
Northern Environmental Protection Directorate
10 Wellington Street, Hull, Quebec, KIA 0H4
Contact: Ted Langtry Burt Shaw, Telephone: (613) 997-0046
Personnel: Total is 11.
Activities:
The Directorate with headquarters in the National Capital Region coordinates, develops and recommends policies, strategies,
plans and regulations for environmental protecdon in Yukon and NWT and in adjacent off-shore regions. It manages an applied
45
INDIAN AND NORTHERN AFFAIRS CANADA - (Continued)
northern environmental research program and sponsors other appUed research to support this role. The Directorate also develops
and implements policies concerning environmental impact assessment of northern development projects, and is responsible for
the implementation of the Federal Environmental Assessment and Review Process within the Northern Program.
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA
Industrial Materials Research Institute
75 De Mortagne Boulevard, Boucherville, Quebec, J4B 6Y4
Contact: G.L. Bata, Director, Telephone: (514) 641-2280
Personnel: Total is 112.
Activities:
The Institute is responsible for major research and development projects - in the industrial and manufacturing sectors in Canada,
deaUng with a vast range of materials including metals, glass, ceramics, concrete, and plastics. In particular, researchers study
manufacturing processes used for making these materials, resistance to corrosion, chemical degradation, wear, aging, and fatigue;
and the establishment of mathematical models of moulding, assembling, and finishing processes.
The Institute's mission has been clearly identified from the onset and will be accomplished by such means as: performance
of research either internally or in cooperadon with industry for the solution of difficult problems; provision of technical assistance
and advice; a repository of technical information; and technology transfer to industry via contracts, secondment of personnel,
and provision of laboratory facilities and specialized testing equipment for industrial firms. A major effort will be made by the
Institute to identify projects in cooperation significant fraction of the Institute's budget is available for contracting out research
to industry, universities, and other research institutes - Descriptions of the major program areas are listed below.
Automation of Processing Procedures Program
75 De Mortagne Boulevard, Boucherville, Quebec, J4B 6Y4
Contact: J.H. Prinsen, Program Manager, Telephone: (514) 641-2280
Activities:
This program is aimed at developing systems and sensors used to measure the properties of materials during manufacturing and utilization so as to provide optimum properties, process control, and performance forecasting. Specifically,
activities include real-time evaluation of properties during materials processing and development of control systems;
non-destructive testing of the quality of materials and finished products so as to quantify their performance; and development of sensors using new technologies to provide spot checks and continuous monitoring of the quality and properties
of materials and finished products and structures.
Coatings and Ceramics Program
75 De Mortagne Boulevard, Boucherville, Quebec, J4B 6Y4
Contact: S.F. Turcotte, Program Manager, Telephone: (514) 641-2280
Activities:
This program is aimed at developing and adapting coating techniques to solve problems caused by deteriorating materials,
and to replace more expensive techniques, activities also include the development of industrial ceramics. Two processes
are used to produce coatings, i.e., plasma projection, a coating technique with wide application that is relatively easily
transferred to industry, and continuous coating, using a pilot chain. In the latter case, galvanizing and electrogalvanizing
provide relatively low-cost coatings for steel sheets that must be especially resistant to corrosion. New metal powders,
ceramics, and cermets are produced using non-conventional manufacturing techniques that provide wear resistant parts
and coatings. There are also studies of adhesion and cohesion within materials, and techniques of characterization and
performance measurement are being developed, i.e., for industrial ceramics such as refractory concrete and wear-resistant
ceramics.
Exploratory Studies in the Field of Materials Science Program
75 De Mortagne Boulevard, Boucherville, Quebec, J4B 6Y4
Contact: G.L. Beta, Program Manager, Telephone: (514) 641-2280
Activities:
The objective of this program is to indentify and explore advanced technologies in the field of materials; to develop
the necessary level of competence among the scientists; to indentify new applications and requirements in the field of
materials; and to explore the possibilities of cooperative projects with partners at both the national and international
level. The studies involve the identificadon and testing, at the preliminary stage, of any advanced technology that is
likely to be developed with the intention of optimizing manufacturing processes and the properties of materials. In addition.
46
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
fundamental studies in the field of materials science complement the above-mentioned studies and contribute to the
training of researchers. Studies are also initiated and conducted with the aim of identifying new requirements in the
area of materials and establishing the technical procedures to be observed in order to meet the requirements associated
with these demands. Studies are being undertaken with the purpose of defining any new and relevant agreement with
our industrial partners, as well as with research agencies at the national and international levels, who are capable of
assisting IMRl in achieving a satisfactory level of development in materials science.
Metallic Materials and Composites Program
75 De Mortagne Boulevard, Boucherville, Quebec, J4B 6Y4
Contact: A.H. Marquis, Program Manager, Telephone: (514) 641-2280
Activities:
This program is concerned with the behaviour and processing of metals. The principal objecdves are: the automation
and regulation of arc welding procedures; studies of metals in conditions similar to normal service, fadgue, wear through
abrasion, corrosion; and the manufacture of new metals using rheo-moulding, metallic composites, and protecdve oxide
surface layers.
In the case of welding, improved knowledge of the processes will make it possible to obtain stronger welds and increase
process productivity. For this reason, we have turned our attention to designing robot welding stations. To achieve
this goal, it is necessary to enhance sensors that make it possible to visualize and control the weld by programming
of a robot.
The behaviour of metals in service is approximated in studies of random cycle and high temperature fatigue, as well
as in studies on aqueous and high temperature corrosion which simulate real conditions as closely as possible. This
allows for the improved use of metals.
Studies on abrasive and mixed wear will make it possible to suggest materials to replace bronze. These materials are
less costly and are also produced in Canada.
New materials or manufacturing methods are required for new applications. Obtaining adhesive oxide layers will
allow extensive improvement in corrosion resistance. The manufacture of rheo-moulded metals will make it possible
to achieve improved malleability and a higher degree of homogeneity. The manufacture of composite metals (metallic
fibres in a metallic matrix) will allow better mechanical properties to be realized for metals with minimum mechanical
properties. Roudne analyses (scanning microscopy using an elctron probe, spectroscopy, chemical analyses, thermogravimetry, and calorimetry) are techniques available.
Plastics and Polymer Composites Program
75 De Mortagne Boulevard, Boucherville, Quebec, J4B 6Y4
Contact: A. Catani, Program Manager, Telephone: (514) 641-2280
Activities:
This program is aimed at promoting the growth of the Canadian plastics industry through applied research as a means
of improving the properties, processing, and performance of polymers. The program is designed to develop and characterize
higher performance materials or lower cost materials of equal performance using polymer alloys or composites with
a polymer matrix. It is also designed to develop techniques and provide analyses to predict the performance of polymer
products and structures. Institute activities in the area of plastics and composite processing models and automation
have been related to injection moulding of plastics and rubber.
TRANSPORT CANADA
Motor Vehicle Test Centre
P.O. Box 285, Blainville, Quebec, J7E 4J2
Contact: Mr. J.R. Galarneau, Director, Telephone: (514) 430-7981
Personnel: Total is 35.
Activities:
Maintains physical facilities and provides some motor vehicle testing services for the Road Safety and Motor Vehicle
Regulation Directorate of Transport Canada, and for other public and private sector clients.
Facilities:
High and low speed tracks; vehicle dynamics test area; brake test area; crash test barrier; large and small cold chambers;
chassis dynamometers; emission analysis bench; pendulum test device; roof crush test device.
47
REGION-K EASTERN ONTARIO
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Animal Diseases Research Institute: Nepean
801 Fallowfield Road, P.O. Box 11300, Nepean, Ontario, K2H 8P9
Contact: Vicki Lauzon, Financial Officer, Telephone: (613) 995-5433
Personnel: Total is 221.
Activities:
This Institute has expertise in the discipUnes of veterinary microbiology, immunology, pathology, and reproductive
pathophysiology. Basic and applied research is conducted to improve the diagnosis, prevention and/or control of zoonotic and
foreign animal diseases such as rabies, brucellosis, African swine fever and bluetongue. Also studied are selected indigenous
diseases which cause high losses to productivity or impede international trade opportunities. The Insdtute conducts laboratory
tests to support national disease control and eradication programs, to support the international export of Canadian livestock,
to prevent entry of foreign animal diseases into Canada and to certify the parentage and blood type of cattle and horses. It
is the nadonal centre for foreign animal disease diagnosis and produces diagnosdc reagents used in Canada and internationally
for livestock disease diagnosis.
Facilities:
One 10-year old transmission EM; High performance (pressure) liquid chromatograph (HPLC); Biological containment facilities
suitable for work on Brucella, TB, Rabies, etc.; Fermentation equipment; Micromanipulation and freezing equipment for work
with embryos; Equipment for electrophoresis, immuno-elect rophoresis and isoelectric focusing (includes poly-acrylamide gels,
immuno-blots. Nucleic acid electrophoredc analyses); Computerized systems for reading and analyzing results of enzyme
immunoassays; Biological containment facilities (MRC levels D and C) for laboratory animals, livestock and veterinary biologies
production.
Animal Research Centre
Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0C6
Contact: Dr. R.S. Gowe, Director, Telephone: (613) 993-6002
Personnel: Total is 278.
Activities:
Research at the Animal Research Centre is mission oriented and is directed toward solving high priority problems arising from
domesdc animal and poultry production and to developing advanced systems to meet future trends within the Canadian animal
agricultural industry. The Centre's chemical laboratories and administrative headquarters are located on the Central Experimental
Farm. On the 1200 hectare research farm, in the Ottawa suburbs, modern facilides are available to house dairy cattle, sheep,
swine, poultry and various laboratory animals as required for extensive and intensive research by a multidisciplinary staff of
50 scientists. In addition a feed mill and facilities for surgery and radioisotope use with large animals are available. Programs
include the study of problems of intensively housed and managed hvestock and poultry, research on feedstuff contaminants
(mycotoxins) application of biotechnology in agricultural production. High priority is placed on the transfer of research results
from the laboratory to the farmer-user.
Biosystematics Research Institute
K.W. Neatby Building, Carling Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0C6
Contact: Mr. G.A. Mulligan, Director, Telephone: (613) 996-1665
Personnel: Total is 123.
Activities:
The Insdtute provides the National Identification Service for insects, fungi, arachnids, nematodes, and vascular plants. This
is udlized by cUents throughout Canada. Extensive research is conducted in biosystematics, taxonomy, faunistics, floristics, and
evolution. The Institute is the custodian of the National Collection of Insects and Arachnids, the National Mycological Herbarium, the Canadian Nadonal Collection of Nematodes, and CDA Vascular Plant Herbarium. Excellent library facilities pardcularly in the area of plant, insect, arachnid, and nematode systematics are available.
Chemistry and Biology Research Institute
K.W. Neatby Building, Cariing Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0C6
Contact: Dr. I. de la Roche, Director, Telephone: (613) 995-5287
Personnel: Total is 93.
Activities:
Present research objectives are concerned with the development of effective and environmentally acceptable methods of weed
and fungus control by pesticides, the development of analytical methodology to establish safe levels of fungal toxins in food
and feedstuffs and to provide effective measures of decontamination and control the increase of the nitrogen-fixing capability
of forage legumes through selection and genetic engineering of the bacterial symbiont and host improvement, the epidemiology
and transmission of virus and mycoplasma diseases of plants in relation to disease incidence, management and control the efficient use of soil nitrogen the prevendon of soil organic matter losses, and the minerology of Canadian soils, the provision of
51
AGRICULTURE CANADA - (Continued)
new knowledge on the mechanisms of cold accHmation, freezing injury and overwintering damage in relation to the development
of crop plants, resistant to environmental stresses. The Institute also provides a comprehensive electron microscope service, analytical
chemistry service, and mineral analyses service for Research Branch establishments across Canada.
Engineering and Statistical Research Institute
Building # 94, Central Experimental Farm, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0C6
Contact: Mr. P. Voisey, Director, Telephone: (613) 995-5179
Personnel: Total is 95.
Activities:
The Institute provides services in engineering and biometrics. Research is carried out in five main areas: Biometrics - experimental
design, statistical analysis, software development and interpretation of data; Agricultural Engineering - restricted to mechanization of minor horticultural crops and design of farm buildings (development of a range of machines for farm use); Energy Engineering - for the conservation and production of energy across the agrifood system, primarily by contracting-out; R&D Food
Engineering - to develop new unit processes and equipment to improve production efficiency and quality, particularly for new
commodities; Engineering Development - of new equipment for research and food inspecdon operadons. The Institute provides
advice in these areas and on a wide range of problems in engineering and statistics. Spectroscopic equipment has been developed
and applied to remote sensing of biological phenomena. A spectroradiometer for individual plant studies and an open path C 0 2
greenhouse control have been developed.
Food Research Institute
Central Experimental Farm, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0C6
Contact: Dr. N. Tape, Director, Telephone: (613) 995-5362
Personnel: Total is 66.
Activities:
Food Research Institute (FRI) is the largest public sector establishment dedicated to food research. Research programs are
in effect in the following areas: processing technology - effects of processing on the chemical and physical properties of foods
sensory and objective evaluation of foods functional properdes of food ingredients microstructure of foods chemistry of food
carbohydrates, polysaccharides, proteins and Upids mechanisms of thermal, chemical and enzymatic gelation; ingredients and
new product development - isolation and characterization of components from agricultural raw materials innovations in food
processing techniques development of new processes to prepare food ingredients and prototype food products; food safety and
nutrition - microbial populations in cured meats mechanisms of nitrite action in meats, qualitative and quantitative analysis of
vitamins and nutrients of food and food ingredients, control of micro-organisms in reladon to the quality, safety and preservation of foods effects of processing on the nutritive value of foods.
Laboratory Services Division
Building 22, C.E.F., Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0C6
Contact: DR. W.P. Cochrane, Director, (613) 995-4907
Personnel: Total is 118.
Activities:
This laboratory provides physical, chemical and biological tesdng services in support of inspections, quaUty and safety assurance programs of the food protection and inspection branch on food products (meat, egg, dairy, fruit and vegetable products)
and agricultural inputs (feeds, ferdlizers, seeds and pesticides). Analytical methodology research is conducted in order to maintain state-of-the-art quality service on a timely and reUable basis.
Facilities:
High and low resolution GC MASS spectrometers for low level micro-contaminant analysis of residues.
Land Resource Research Institute
K.W. Neatby Building, Carling Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0C6
Contact: DR. J.S. Clark, Director, Telephone: (613) 995-5011
Personnel: Total is 168.
Activities:
The Land Resource Research Institute (LRRI) has responsibility for national programs in land resources and agrometeorologic
services. The programs of the Institute include the nadonal soil survey program, a supporting program in soil classification research,
a program involving studies in land evaluation agricultural land use and soil degradation, and an agrometeorological program
that includes agrometeorological services, farm weather service, crop-weather modelling, and crop information. The Institute
is organized on a regional basis, with soil survey units located in each of the provinces where cooperative survey work is carried
out. The central group in Ottawa is responsible for national correlation and map production, and research in the various aspects
of soil, water, and agrometeorological disciplines.
52
AGRICULTURE CANADA - (Continued)
Petawawa National Forestry Institute
Chalk River, Ontario, KOJ IJO
Contact: Suzanne Rice, Financial Officer, Telephone: (613) 589-2880
Activities:
To develop, demonstrate and promote the use of practical means of establishing and managing forests, and practical means
of enhancing the growth and quality of forests; to develop knowledge and techniques to assist forest management agencies and
reduce wildfire losses, and utilize prescribed fire in a safe and ecologically sound manner; responsible for the acquisition, summary and publication of forest resource data at the national level. Dedicated to improving and expanding the information available
on the forest resource, and todeveloping efficient methods for that purpose.
Research Station: Ottawa
Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0C6
Contact: Dr. I. de la Roche, Director, Telephone: (613) 995-8775
Personnel: Total is 215.
Activities:
The Ottawa Research Station is the major centre for plant breeding in eastern and central Ontario. It is a major centre for
ornamentals biotechnology for crop improvement, and integrated management of alfalfa pests. A small unit is engaged with
studies of honeybee behavior and pathology. The central office for the Canadian Plant Gene Resources is also part of the station.
The management of the Central Experimental Farm, including numerous services, is also the station's responsibility. The breeding
programs are supported by multidisciplinary research in plant, molecular genetics, cytogenetics, plant physiology and pathology,
entomology, cytochemisty, and grain quality. Specific programs emphasize experimental haploidy, tissue-culture genetics, cytology,
insect pest management and honeybee pheromones, attractants and diseases.
Smithfield Experimental Farm
P.O. Box 340, Trenton, Ontario, K8V 5A5
Contact: DR. R.S. Miller, Superintendent, Telephone: (613) 392-3527
Personnel: Total is 24.
Acdvities:
Smithfield Experimental Farm is administratively linked to the Vineland Research Station and carries on horticultural production and processing research, as well as pest control research programs in cooperation with Vineland.
ATOMIC ENERGY CONTROL BOARD
270 Albert Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIP 5S9
Contact: J.W. Beare, Director, Regulatory Research Branch, Telephone: (613)995-2617
Personnel: Total is 281.
Activities:
Administration of Atomic Energy Control Regulations - The making of regulations for developing, controlling, supervising,
and licencing the production, application and use of atomic energy; the regulating of mining, refining production, processing,
import, export, transport, possession, ownership, use or sale of prescribed substances; the defining of standards to be met, the
assessing of the capabilities of Ucence applicants to meet these standards and to assure their maintenance, and the inspecting
to ensure compliance; the conducting of mission-oriented research and development to obtain data essential for the effecdve
implementation of licensing and compliance activities; and the designating, under the Nuclear Liability Act, of nuclear installations and the prescribing of the basic insurance to be carried by the operators of such installations, the developing of speciaUzed
safeguards, techniques and equipment in respect of CANDU reactors in Canada and abroad, in cooperation with Atomic Energy
of Canada Limited and the International Atomic Energy Agency in accordance with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of
Nuclear Weapons.
ATOMIC ENERGY OF CANADA LIMITED
Chalk River Nuclear Laboratory
Chalk River, Ontario, KOJ IJO
Contact: Stephen Hall, Program Officer, Telephone: (613) 236-6444
Personnel: Total is 2,012.
53
ATOMIC ENERGY OF CANADA LIMITED - (Continued)
Activities:
Programs cover a wide range of topics associated with atomic power. Work on basic physics, chemistry, materials science,
and biology provides fundamental support to all aspects of nuclear technology and serves a national laboratory role in the nuclear
sciences. The Chalk River Nuclear Laboratory (CRNL) supports the near-term needs of CANDU reactors by research programs
on component development, systems chemistry, fuel behavior, heat transfer, reactor control and instrumentation, and fuel channel
behavior. There is also development work to demonstrate that low and intermediate-level radioactive wastes arising from reactor
operation can be immobilized in a stable form before disposal in a repository. Long-term needs of nuclear power are addressed
by development of advanced nuclear fuel cycles and the development of accelerator technology.
FaciUties:
NRX Reactor; NRU Reactor; Tandem Accelerator Superconducting Cyclotron (under construction); Tritium Extraction Plant
(under construction); Computing Centre.
CANADA MORTGAGE AND HOUSING CORPORATION
682 Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0P7
Contact: Claude Lafleur, Manager - Capital Budget and Estimates, Telephone:(613) 748-2396
Personnel: Total is 3,341.
Activities:
The Corporation plans, manages and undertakes empirical social, economic and technical research, which is directed at understanding the condidons and reladonships affecting the supply of, and demand for housing in Canada; its quality and affordability.
This may include leading or participating in interdepartmental and intergovernmental research efforts. In technical and engineering
fields such as for example, that concerning energy conservation and its consequences in the housing stock are examined. Further
investigations are undertaken to field test and assess unproven housing technology.
DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATIONS
Communications Research Centre
P.O. Box 11490, Stadon H, Ottawa, Ontario, K2H 8S5
Contact: Daryl Leitch, Financial Analyst, Telephone: (613) 990-4665
Personnel: Total is 415.
Activities:
To advance Canada's research and development in the areas of telecommunications, space and information science and
technology.
ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES CANADA
Canada Centre for Remote Sensing
2464 Sheffield Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIV 0X7
Contact: L. Whitney, Planning Advisor, Telephone: (613) 993-0121 - Extension 23
Personnel: Total is 155.
Activities:
Improve remote sensing technology and facilitate the acquisition and dissemination of remote sensed data from aircraft and
satelUtes.
Facilities:
Satellite receiving ground stations, linage analysis systems, special purpose production systems with specially designed hardware interfaces.
Canadian Explosive Atmospheres Laboratory
555 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA OGl
Contact: Mr. J.A. Bossert, Manager, Telephone: (613) 996-4570 - Extension 138
Personnel: Total is 13.
Activities:
Research into explosion and fire safety in atmospheres containing explosive gases, vapours and dusts that occur in underground
coal mines. Certification and testing services for electrical and diesel explosion proof equipment, and fire-resistant materials
used in underground mines and similar applications.
54
ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES CANADA - (Continued)
Facilities:
Test Facilities for: Atmospheric explosion tests, engine load tests (400HP), exhaust emissions analysis, intrinsic safety tests,
gas detection tests, fire-resistant tests for conveyor belts, electric cables, pipes and dusts and hydraulic fluids.
Canadian Explosives Research Laboratory
555 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA OGl
Contact: Mr. R.R. Vandebeek, Manager, Telephone: (613) 996-4570 - Extension 190
Personnel: Total is 14.
Activities:
Certifies explosives submitted for authorization under the Canadian Explosives Act, investigates accidents involving explosives,
provides technical advice on and advances technology related to the manufacture, storage, transportation and use of explosives.
Facilides:
Includes large scale tanks to determine properties of explosives, friction and impact studies, dust explosibility equipment,
accelerating rate calorimeter for thermal stability studies of energetic methods.
Conservation and Non-Petroleum Sector
460 O'Connor Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIS 5H3
Contact: Linda Biard, Financial Analyst, Telephone: (613) 995-9447 - Extension 209
Personnel: Total is 412.
Activities:
This sector of EMR is concerned with federal conservation, oil substitudon and renewable energy initiatives in each of the
major energy-using sectors.
Earth Physics Branch - Headquarters
1 Observatory Crescent, Ottawa, Ontario, K2K 1Y8
Contact: Dr. P.B. Robertson, Assistant to the Director, Telephone: (613)995-5452
Personnel: Total is 141.
Activities:
The Earth Physics Branch collects, interprets and distributes geophysical informadon on the structure, processes and hazards
of the solid earth. Crucial to the successful accompUshment of this task is the condnual development of expertise in the fields
of seismology, gravity, geomagnedsm, geodynamics, geothermics and geothermal energy as well as ancillary disciplines.
Energy Research Laboratories
555 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA OGl
Contact: D.A. Reeve, Director, Telephone: (613) 996-4570 - Extension 140
Personnel: Total is 167.
Activities:
A principal objective of CANMET's Energy Research Program is the development of the technologies required to conserve
and to increase the supply of liquid fossil fuels in Canada to bridge the gap that exists between domestic supply and demand
(both internal demand and export opportunides). The Energy Research Laboratories (ERL) responds to this R&D objective on
matters related to the upgrading of oil sands, heavy oil and synthetic crude production; coal combustion; coal gasification and
liquefaction; and improved oil and gas domestic heating furnaces. Important input and guidance on project selection and implementation is provided by industry advisory committees and user groups. Shared-cost projects with industry are underway in-house,
and major elements- are undertaken in the private sector through shared-cost contract R&D programs.
* NOTE: The Hydrocarbon Processing Research Laboratory, Synthetic Fuels Research Laboratory, and the Combustion and Carbonization Research Laboratory were reported separately for the 1984-85 Directory. For 1985-86 they have been reported
under one entity - Energy Research Laboratories - of which they are sub-programs.
Facilities:
Gasifiers; Thermobalance reactor; Distillation unit; Fixed-bed hydrotreater; Autoclaves; Micro-activity catalyst testing unit;
Surface spectroscopy; Automated high pressure multizone FT synthesis reaction equipment; Gas and liquid chromotography;
Infra red spectroscopy; Reverse osmosis and ultrafiltration bench scale equipment; Plasma spectroscopy atomic absorption; Ion
chromatography; Coal analysers; Hydrocracking pilot plant; Fluidized bed pilot plant; Boilers; Furnaces; Coke ovens; Flue gas
analytical systems.
Geological Survey of Canada - Ottawa Division
601 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0E8
Contact: M.A. Petre, Program Officer, Telephone: (613) 995-4214
Personnel: Total is 508.
55
ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES CANADA - (Continued)
Activities:
The Geological Survey of Canada is responsible for the conduct of geological, geophysical and geochemical research and surveys
ie. estimation of mineral and non-renewable energy resources; investigation of geological phenomena affecting engineering works
and the environment; development of geophysical and other technologies; development of national geoscience standards; fostering
Canadian geoscience and international geoscience activities; cooperation with the provinces; provision of advice to government;
and production and dissemination of maps and reports.
FaciUties:
Equipment for geochemistry, geochronology, sedimentology, analytical chemistry and mineralogy labs, machine shop, electronic shop, cartographic and photographic equipment, data processing equipment. Examples of individual items over $100K
are: electron microprobes and minicomputer (for microprobe), scanning electron microscope, spectrometer. X-ray fluorescent
spectrometer, mass spectrometers, Lanston monotype camera, plotting tables, 2 twin engine aircraft (Queenair and Skyvan),
motor launch, precious metals.
Mineral Sciences Laboratories
555 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0G2
Contact: L.L. Sirois, Director, Telephone: (613) 995-4088
Personnel: Total is 194.
Activities:
The main thrust of the Mineral Science Laboratories' work is in mineral processing. The laboratories' main task is to research,
develop and promote technology to beneficiate ores, extract metals from concentrates and process marketable products, economically
while preserving the environment. All aspects of processing are considered and include metallic and non-metallic minerals incorporating concrete and ceramic and for preparation of standards and reference materials. The main disciplines involved are
minerology, mineral dressing, material processing, hydrometallurgy, pyrometallurgy, chemical assaying and supporting sciences.
FaciUties:
Spectrometers; Microbalances; Sluices; Magnetic Separator Sizers; Testing Machines; FreezeThaw Machines; Ovens; Grinders;
Classifiers; Separators; Polishers; Cameras; Microscopes; Analyszers; Conductivity Apparatus; Diffusivity Apparatus; Calorimeters;
Mixers; X-Ray Powder Diffractometer; Electron Microscope; Image Analyses System.
Physical Metallurgy Research Laboratories (CANMET)
568 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA OGl
Contact: Pierre Boivin, Administrative Officer, Telephone: (613) 993-4930
Personnel: Total is 137.
Activities:
The research conducted at the Physical Metallurgy Research Laboratories (PMRL) has two aims. The first is to provide technical
support to government policy making and the second is to liaise with Canadian industry to develop new technology. PMRL
is divided into two laboratories. Metals Development Laboratory conducts fundamental and practical research into the properties
and structure of metals and alloys. The Metals Processing Laboratory conducts research on the making, shaping, joining and
nondestructive evaluation of metals and alloys.
Polar Continental Shelf Project
880 Wellington Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0E4
Contact: B. Fagan, Financial Administrative Officer, Telephone: (613)996-6994
Personnel: Total is 30.
Activities:
Through arctic science and logistic support contributes to the orderly scientific investigation of Canada's polar continental
shelf, the contiguous Arctic ocean and mainland regions.
Rock Mechanics Laboratory
555 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA OGl
Contact: Mr. G. E. Larocque, Manager, Telephone: (613) 996-4570 Extension 220
Personnel: Total is 31.
Activities:
The laboratory carries out mining technology research and technical investigations in the following areas: mining methods
and equipment, mine evaluation, coal and uranium reserve assessment, mine cost models, rock mechanics and numerical models,
rock structural properties and rock mechanics case studies.
Facilities:
Computers; computer graphics; rock test equipment and facilities.
56
ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES CANADA - (Continued)
Surveys and Mapping Branch
615 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0E9
Contact: A. Jansen, Branch Comptroller, Telephone: (613) 995-4871
Personnel: Total is 910.
Activities:
The Surveys and Mapping Branch is the federal government agency responsible for providing basic surveys and maps of Canada.
The Branch's activities are of fundamental importance to the orderly and successful exploration and development of Canada's
resources.
Facilities:
Cartographic Data processing System; Doppler SatelUte Receivers; Inertial Survey Systems; Deep Bench Mark Drill Rigs;
Motorized Levelling Unit; Surveying Instruments; Engineering Systems for Aeronautical and National Atlas Information System;
Aeronautical System - Intergraph system using DEC VAX 11785; NAIS - CRDS Universe 64 Super Micro Computer and graphic
work station; Intergraph - Memory board; Intergraph - Software map feature coding; Intergraph - workstations; Kern instruments digital encoder; Kongsberg - software - PARTGSW.
ENVIRONMENT CANADA
Canadian Wildlife Service - Ontario Region
1725 Woodward Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0E7
Contact: S. Curtis, Director, Telephone: (613) 998-4693
Personnel: Total is 45.
Activities:
To conserve and promote the conservation and enjoyment of Canadian wildUfe and migratory birds. To provide opportunities
for the development of awareness enjoyment, understanding and appreciation of Canadian wildlife heritage and its environment.
Migratory Birds Branch - Populations and Surveys Division - Biometrics Section
Canadian WildUfe Service - 1725 Woodward Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0E7
Contact: S. Curtis, Director, Telephone: (613) 998-4693
Personnel: Total is 6.
Activities:
Monitor distribution and abundance of waterfowl. Develop or improve surveys to determine production and populations of
waterfowl species. Improve estimates and understanding of factors affecting mortality, and the relationship between hunting
and non-hunting mortality. Design of experiments in wildlife research; develop estimators from mark recapture studies; store
and retrieve biological information from bird banding and surveys.
Migratory Birds Branch - Waterfowl Research
Canadian Wildlife Service - 1725 Woodward Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0E7
Contact: H. Boyd, Scientific Coordinator, Telephone: (613) 997-2957
Personnel: Total is 4.
Activities:
Assessing the use of migratory birds by native people and the interaction of migratory birds with the natural environment
and with man's activities.
Office of the Science Advisor
Department of the Environment, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0H3
Contact: E.F. Roors, Science Advisor, Telephone: (819) 997-2393
Personnel: Total is 3.
Activities:
To provide advice on scientific matters to the Deputy Minister and senior departmental personnel as required. To provide
liaison, coordination or representation on scientific matters within the Department, with other Departments, with other governments, and with the private sector and scientific community. To review scientific issues and developments and to make recommendations concerning Departmental or Canadian positions or actions.
River Road Environmental Technology Centre
River Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA IC8
Contact: D.E. Thornton, Associate Director, Telephone: (613) 998-3671
Personnel: Total is 62.
57
ENVIRONMENT CANADA - (Continued)
Activities:
Provides: - Comprehensive air pollution measurement services including the development of new measurement technology
- vehicle emissions measurement capability and advice on all aspects of automobile emissions control technology
- the development and demonstration of environmental emergencies countermeasures technology
- a full range of analytical laboratory services.
Facilities:
Gas Chromatograph - Mass Spectrometer; Chasis Dynamometer.
Water Planning and Management Branch
Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0E7
Contact: R.L. Pentland, Director, Telephone: (613) 997-2071
Personnel: Total is 58.
Activities:
Depending upon the nature of the work being conducted the Water Planning and Management Branch program activities can
fall within any of the three stages - preplanning studies, planning studies or implementation activities. Research studies are undertaken
at any one of these three stages. Topics may include water quantity, water quality, flood control, environmental impacts, socioeconomic, water data, etc.
Wildlife Research Branch - Canadian Council on Ecological Areas
Canadian WildUfe Service, 1725 Woodward Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0E7
Contact: D. Muir, Secretary - C.C.E.A., Telephone: (613) 997-4991
Personnel: Total is 1.
Activities:
Encourages and promotes legislated protection of national system of ecological areas and reserves, as the sucessor of the Associate Committee on Ecological Reserves. Formerly residing in N.R.C.
FISHERIES AND OCEANS
Canadian Hydrographic Service
615 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0E6
Contact: Mr. B.J. Tait, Chief - Tides, Currents and Water Levels,Telephone: (613) 995-4511
Personnel: Total is 113.
Activities:
Work Activity Objective: The Canadian Hydrographic Service is tasked with the carrying out of a hydrographic survey program,
including tidal and current surveys, and the preparation and distribution of navigational charts. Tide and Current Tables, SaiUng
Directions, Geoscience Maps and associated publications to meet the needs of the marine community and the promote safe,
orderly and efficient marine transportation in Canadian waters and adjacent international waters. Organizational Unit Objective: In consultation with regional offices, to develop plans for the hydrographic survey and tidal and current survey program
and to monitor the chart production program as well as to promulgate Standards and Standing Orders for the accurate and
timely execution of the program; to operate training courses in hydrographic surveying and marine cartography and to monitor
and participate in an extensive R&D program; to fulfill obligations to the national and international hydrographic community
and to maintain a close watch on developments that may impact on hydrography; to provide expertise on the delineation of
maritime boundaries and to provide expert witnesses in litigations involving infractions of the Canadian Territorial Sea or Canada
Shipping Act.
FaciUties:
Automated drafting equipment.
Fisheries Research Directorate
200 Kent Street, 12th Floor, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0E6
Contact: A.B. Stasko, Associate Director - Fisheries Research Program Analysis, Telephone: (613) 990-0288
Personnel: Total is 23.
Activities:
The Fisheries Research Directorate performs various research-related coordinating, advisory, and communicating functions
at the national level, including coordination of national or zonal reviews of fisheries research, coordination of the planning process
for fisheries research and of the transfer of technology to the private sector, and directing the National Registry of fish diseases.
58
FISHERIES AND OCEANS - (Continued)
This Directorate also has national responsibiUty for providing advice and support to Departmental Senior Management on issues
relating tofisheriesresearch programs and the scientific aspects of resource management policy and programs; and for providing
fisheries research-related information to departments, agencies and individuals outside the Department of Fisheries and Oceans.
Marine Environmental Data Services Branch
200 Kent Street, 12th Floor, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0E6
Contact: Dr. J.R. Wilson, Director, Telephone: (613) 990-0264
Personnel: Total is 41.
Activities:
To acquire, process and archive tide and water level data, measured wave data, and physical-chemical oceanographic data;
to provide data processing and expertise to the international oceanographic community; to provide data, data products and ocean
information on request; to develop improved methods and techniques in data processing and archiving, new data products.
FaciUties:
Mini-computers and peripherals, plotters, digitizers, micro-computers, computer terminals, microfilm devices, waverider buoys
and related equipment.
HEALTH AND WELFARE CANADA
Driigs Directorate
Health Protection Building, Holland Avenue, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0L2
Contact: D.P. Hills, Chief Administrative Officer, Telephone: (613) 990-8857
Personnel: Total is 459.
Activities:
The Drugs Directorate consists of seven bureaux: Biologies, Dangerous Drugs, Drug Research, Drug Quality, Human Prescription
Drugs, Nonprescription Drugs, and Veterinary Drugs. The Directorate is responsible for ensuring the safety and efficacy of human
and veterinary drugs which are manufactured or offered for sale in Canada, as well as for the safety of cosmetics. New drug
submissions and applications for proprietary medicines are evaluated nationally for their safety and efficacy, and also with respect
to manufacturing and labelling aspects. The Directorate also licenses vaccines and other biological drugs for manufacture and
sale. Surveillance programs are carried out to assess the safety, efficacy, pharmaceutical quality, advertising and manner of use
of marketed drugs. It also carries out programs to control the misuse and abuse of drugs, particularly psychoactive ones, and
to provide information to health professionals and to the general pubUc on the quality and the wise use of drugs.
The Drugs Directorate maintains the Bureau of Drug Research which carries out investigations in fields of toxicology (eg.
carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, allergenicity) and of pharmaceutical chemistry and develops analytical methods in these fields.
This laboratory expertise enables the Directorate to make informed decisions on drug safety, efficacy, and quality. The Bureau
of Drug Research consists of three divisions: Drug Identification, Drug Toxicology, and Pharmaceutical Chemistry. One of the
main functions of the Bureau relates to drug standards and the development of assay methods for synthetic drugs, for drugs
of natural origin, and for impurities in drugs.
Environmental Contaminant Directorate
Jeanne Mance Building, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0L3
Contact: Sylvain St-Laurent, Financial Planning Officer, Telephone: (613) 954-8803
Personnel: Total is 6.
Activities:
Protection of health of clients (Indian and Inuit, Public Servants, travellers and all Northern Residents) from those factors
in the physical environment which may be hazardous.
Environmental Health Directorate
Brooke Claxton Building, Boulevard de la Colombine, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0L2
Contact: Mrs. L.B. CorneU, Acting Chief- Administrative Services, Telephone: (613) 957-3139
Personnel: Total is 254.
Activities:
The Environmental Health Directorate serves to protect Canadians from health hazards associated with natural and man-made
environments, the components of which are the physical, chemical and technological encompassments in which modern man
lives and works. Its main program areas are directed towards: the assessment and investigation of the health effects of environmental
poUutants and health hazards associated with, and the control of, medical devices, radiation sources and hazardous products,
in conjunction with the other organizational units of the Department; the assessment of the health effects of the Department;
the assessment of the health effects of technological and sociological environments.
59
HEALTH AND WELFARE CANADA - (Continued)
Facilities:
Anechoic Chambers - Sound and Radio frequency Whole Body Counter - Radiation.
Environmental Health Lab
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Building, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0L3
Contact: Sylvain St-Laurent, Financial Planning Officer, Telephone: (613) 954-8803
Personnel: Total is 27.
Activities:
Analytical and advisory services relating to environmental aspects of Indian and Inuit population, as well as to the health
and safety of Federal Public Service.
FaciUties:
Air Flow Equipment Chemical Analysis Equipment.
Food Directorate
Brooke Claxton Building, Boulevard de la Colombine, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0L2
Contact: T. Theriault, Chief - Administration, Telephone: (613) 990-8983
Personnel: Total is 250.
Activities:
In the Food Directorate, scientific activities protect the public against deficiencies in the nutritional quality of foods and from
microbial and chemical hazards that might cause illness. Major organizational units are the Bureaux of Chemical Safety, Microbial
Hazards and Nutritional Sciences. The Food Directorate works together with the Field Operations Directorate in administering
the food provisions of the Food and Drugs Act. Research divisions carry out studies in such fields as: microbial hazards in food
the toxicology and food chemistry of food additives, contaminants and components the nutrient composition of food, nutritional status and bioavailability and effects of nutrients and the development of analytical methods for use in monitoring and
surveillance. Scientific evaluation divisions exert influence on food safety through contributions to the development of policies,
guidelines and regulations that take account of data from research and regional laboratories and from detailed review of industry
submissions (eg. regarding the use of food additives and agricultural chemicals). The risks and benefits of chemical use and of
other changes in foods and eating habits are issues for which a scientific basis for decision is provided.
Laboratory Centre for Disease Control
Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0L2
Contact: J.S. Baylis, Chief - Administrative Services, Telephone: (613) 990-8972
Personnel: Total is 193.
Activities:
The Laboratory Centre for Disease Control is mainly a service-oriented directorate, whose primary function is to provide
epidemiological information, microbiological data, and diagnostic reagents to provincial governments, hospitals and laboratories.
The Directorate provides a national focal point and liaison in epidemiology and microbiology to international organizations,
including the World Health Organization, Centres for Disease Control in the United States, and the Public Health Laboratory
Services in England. The Laboratory Centre for Disease Control has 4 scientific bureaux: Communicable Disease Epidemiology,
Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology, Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology. The two disease surveillance bureaux. Communicable Disease Epidemiology and Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology, monitor the incidence and causes of disease
in Canada. They provide epidemiological assistance in epidemic situations and coordinate strategies for the control and prevention of communicable and non-communicable diseases. They also provide a surveillance system to study factors as potential
causative agents in congenital anomaUes, adverse reaction to drug products, and acute poisoning. In the field of infection control, special programs are designed to assist in reducing the high toll of hospital and laboratory-acquired infections. The Medical
Biochemistry and Microbiology Bureaux provide services to asssist provincial and clinical laboratories in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
NATIONAL CAPITAL COMMISSION
161 Laurier Avenue West, Ottawa, Ontario, KIP 6J6
Contact: J. Smrcka, Supervisor - Operating Budget Control, Telephone: (613) 993-4142
Personnel: Total is 1,005.
Activities:
The National Capital Commission conducts or promotes research, plans and studies related to the development of the National
Capital Region as a symbol of identity for aU Canadians. The areas of programs in which this Commission are involved include
land development, transportadon, provision of services and utiUties, the encouragement and assistance in activities of a recreational or cultural character, and the development and management of parks and parkways.
60
NATIONAL DEFENCE
Defence Research Establishment: Ottawa
Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0K2
Contact: A. Patrick, Program Control Officer, Telephone: (613) 996-5912
Personnel: Total is 193.
Activities:
Defence Research EstabUshment: Ottawa (DREO), located at Shirley's Bay, West of Ottawa, carries out applied research in
a variety of areas including environmental protection, clothing, defensive aspects of nuclear, biological, and chemical warfare,
electrical power sources, remote sensing, navigation, electronic warfare, satelUte aided search and rescue, and some other aspects
of space applications. DREO is also responsible for the military communications and radar research programs at the neighbouring
Communications Research Centre (CRC) of the Department of Communications.
Facilities:
Mobile Lab - Radiation Measurement.
Operational Research and Analysis Establishment
101 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0K2
Contact: A. Patrick, Program Control Officer, Telephone: (613) 996-5912
Personnel: Total is 151.
Activities:
The function of the Operational Research and Analysis Establishment (ORAE) in NDHQ is largely oriented toward system
analysis, logistic, strategic, social and economic analysis relative to the Canadian Forces.
NATIONAL ENERGY BOARD
473 Albert Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0E5
Contact: B. Petrin, Chief - Budget and Estimates, Telephone: (613) 998-7972
Personnel: Total is 424.
Activities:
Energy Regulation and Advice - Economic and market analysis; financial analysis of pipeline companies; engineering analysis
of pipeline and power line construction proposals; certification of construction and operation of pipelines and power lines subject of federal jurisdiction; regulation of toHs and tariffs; providing advice to the minister; safety inspection of pipelines; conduct
of public hearings; and administration services to the Board.
NATIONAL MUSEUMS OF CANADA
Headquarters
200 Kent Street, 8th Floor, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0M8
Contact: Nancy Gauthier, Acting Chief - Financial Planning, Telephone: (613) 954-4372
Personnel: Total is 354.
Activities:
The program includes the National Museum of Natural Sciences - The National Museum of international stature that collects
records, preserves, seeks to understand and communicates collections of objects and related knowledge in the natural and physical
sciences (including botany, zoology, paleontology, earth sciences and astronomy); as well as the National Museum of Science
and Technology, a national museum of international stature that collects, records, preserves, seeks to understand and communicate
collections of objects and related knowledge in the fields of communication and space, energy (including agriculture and forestry), industry, transportation, man in his environment, and technology and its related sciences (including physics, astronomy,
chemistry and biotechnology). Also included in the program are the National Programmmes which deUver museological services
and advice and/or financial assistance to the National Museums, to other similar Canadian and international institutions and
to Canadian communities; and corporate headquarters which provide administrative support to the areas involved in science
activities.
Facilides:
Systematics, taxonomy and gensis of minerals and rocks, with emphasis on those from Canadian geological occurences.
61
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA
The National Research Council of Canada (NRC) is Canada's largest and most diversified research and development organization. Its major role is to help Canadian industry make use of the latest advances in science and technology to compete effectively
in national and international markets. At the same time, NRC continues, as it has over the past seven decades, to provide the
iiation with the basic and long-term research capabiUty that is the essence of its strength.
As a research laboratory, NRC supports the efforts of all the R&D performers in Canada - the industrial firms, the universities, and other research agencies. NRC specializes in research in strategic technologies that will give Canada vital expertise with
broad applications in many industrial sectors. Such work benefits not only those companies who are first to use the resuhs, but
also the many small and medium-sized firms who will be able to apply the technology once it becomes established. As a technological
resource, NRC provides specialized information, hands-on assistance, and practical advice combined with project support funding.
NRC operates scientific and engineering laboratories and national facilities across Canada. Its comprehensive support programs under the Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP) are regarded by industry as being the best available. Through
the Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (CISTI), NRC also maintains one of the worid's largest collections
of scientific and technical literature, available to researchers throughout the country.
Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information
Building M-55, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0S2
Contact: E.V. Smith, Director, Telephone: (613) 993-1600
Personnel: Total is 226.
Activities:
The Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (CISTI), which has its origins in the National Research Council
of Canada Library (later to become the National Science Library in 1966), was created in 1974 "to promote and provide for
the use of scientific and technical information by the people and government of Canada to meet Canadian needs for economic,
regional and social development."
CISTI is responsible for building and maintaining the national collection of scientific, technical, and medical literature. In
addition, the institute operates a wide range of services, including document delivery, online information retrieval systems, reference
and referral services, and publications, to faciUtate Canadian access to the world's scientific and technical information resources.
The collection is international in scope and presentiy consists of about three million titles, including books, conference proceedings,
journals, technical reports, theses, and reference works. CISTI holds over 45,000 journal titles, including 32,000 active subscriptions. More than two million technical reports are held on microfiche.
CISTI's major activities include the administration of CANOLE, the Canadian Online Enquiry System, CANSDl, the Canadian Service for the Selective Dissemination of Information, CANSND, the Canadian Scientific Numeric Databases, the largest
lending and photocopying service in Canada and a reference, referral and literature searching service.
Canadian Journals of Research
Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: C. Bishop, Editor-in-Chief, Telephone: (613) 990-8184
Personnel: Total is 24.
Activities:
As a service to Canadian science and as a Canadian contribution to the world's scientific literature. National Research
Council (NRC) publishes 13 primary research journals including the Canadian Journals of Botany, Chemistry, Civil
Engineering, Earth Sciences, Forest Research, Genetics and Cytology, Physics, Microbiology, Physiology, and Pharmacology, Zoology, the Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Biochemistry, and Cell Biology, and Computational InteUigence.
These highly cited publications feature high-quality refereeing and excellent technical production and all attract international contributions and subscriptions. The program is under the direction of an Editor-in-Chief, with volunteer editors,
associate editors, and referees drawn from university, industry and government sectors.
Division of Biological Sciences
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: I.C.P. Smith, Director, Telephone: (613) 990-0884
Personnel: Total is 227.
Activities:
Burgeoning interest in biotechnology has focussed the Division's research in several major areas of potential industrial interest,
and has given rise to increased collaboration with industry. The Divison is currently working with many firms to further technology
development and transfer based on its research in these major areas of biotechnology. Work in the divison is organized into
three laboratories. Individual descriptions of units are Usted below.
62
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
Carbohydrate Laboratory
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: L. Van Den Berg, Head, Telephone: (613) 990-0854
Activities:
The Carbohydrate Laboratory is involved in the study and development of carbohydrate anitgens, vaccines and diagnostics
for human and veterinary pathogens, and with microbiological and enzymatic conversions of commercial and medical interest.
Medical Biosciences Laboratory
Building M-54, Montreal Road and 100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: G.H.M. Adams, Head, Telephone: (613) 990-0884
Activities:
This laboratory studies socially and commercially significant problems of abnormal physiology at the whole-animal,
cellular, and molecular levels, and applies the results to the diagnosis and treatment of disease through collaboration
with industry and the health care system.
Protein Laboratory
Building M-54, Montreal Road and 100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: S. Narang, Head, Telephone: (613) 990-3247
Activities:
The objective is to study the properties of proteins in order to design proteins with novel functions for industrial
application.
Division of Chemistry
Montreal Road, Building M-12, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: D.M. Wiles, Director, Telephone: (613) 993-2330
Personnel: Total is 215.
Activities:
Chemistry is concerned with the interactions of atoms and molecules with each other, with electrons, and with electromagnetic
radiation including light. Since the properties of aU substances, whether solids, liquids, or gases, depend ultimately on these
interactions, chemistry is materials science in the broadest sense. The research programs of the Division are therefore concerned
with materials - their formation, characterization, preservation, modification, and utilization. Four main categories are pursued:
inorganic and surface chemistry; organic and polymer chemistry; process development, analyses and methods; and kinetics, catalysis,
and spectroscopy. The Division is divided into thirteen sections, descriptions of each are Usted below.
Advanced Polymers and Composites Unit
Montreal Road, Building M-12, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: D.J. Carisson, Telephone: (613) 993-2268
Activities:
The section studies the chemical and physical characterization of fibres and plastics, when used alone, in blends,
or in composites. Specific areas of interest include the study of morphology, orientation, and resin-fibre interaction
as well as the deteriorati on of materials by heat, oxidation, radiation, combustion, etc., together with the prevention
of these processed by the introduction of additives. Investigations are carried out of the basic chemical processes that
produce carbon and silicon-based polymers, and that are used in their subsequent modification. Research on the effect
of polymer structure and treatment on physical properties is also an important task. The section contains the division's
nuclear-magnetic-resonance facility, which besides its analytical function, is used in the development of new techniques
and studies of catalyst systems.
Analytical Chemistry Unit
Montreal Road, Building M-12, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: S. Berman, Telephone: (613) 993-3520
Activities:
The section provides analytical chemistry services to the Division of Chemistry and other NRC scientists. The expertise of the staff and the special instrumentation in the section are also available to the private sector on a selective basis
when these services cannot be obtained elsewhere. Almost half of the section's resources are devoted to activities associated
with the National Research Council of Canada's Marine Analytical Chemistry Standards Program. This program, whose
aim is to upgrade the quality of analytical chemistry with respect to marine samples and to help the oceanographic
community with their analytical problems, is concerned both with methods research and development and the preparation of reference materials for distribution to marine scientists.
63
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
Chemical Engineering Unit
Montreal Road, Building M-12, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: C.E. Capes, Telephone: (613) 993-2455
Activities:
Chemical engineering innovations are applied in industry with particular emphasis on membrane separation, fine particle,
and combustion technologies. Background research and development are combined with on-site demonstration projects to
design and operate processes in collaboration with client organizations most often in the minerals, fuels, chemical, and utility
industries.
Colloid and Clathrate Chemistry Unit
Montreal Road, Building M-12, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: J.A. Ripmeester, Telephone: (613) 993-2011
Activities:
The section conducts research to improve the understanding of the interactions between molecules and particles in clathrate
and colloid systems, and applies laboratory studies to technological innovation, particularly in the recovery of bitumen from
oil-sands deposits and of natural gas from naturally occurring gas-hydrate deposits. Fundamental studies of the properties
of clathrates and a variety of other molecular solids are pursued using nuclear magnetic resonance, calorimetry. X-ray diffraction, theoretical modelling and other methods.
Computational Chemistry Unit
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: M. Klein, Telephone: (613) 990-0979
Activities:
The section develops mathematical descriptions of materials and processes. The materials studied include solids, Uquids,
and biopolymers, as well as individual molecules. These studies involve mostly thermal, structural, and electrical properties.
The mathematical models are solved by computer simulation to provide quantitative relationships between the materials
and their various properties, thus providing a better understanding of the physical world and permitting the prediction of
properties not readily accessible to direct measurement.
Free Radical Chemistry Unit
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: K.U. Ingold, Telephone: (613) 990-0938
Activities:
The section provides quantitative information on the nature, structure, and reactivity of organic free radicals in solution.
Research is concentrated on the damaging effect of lipid peroxidation and oxygen radicals in living organisms and the
mechanisms of protection against such damage. Studies are also made of organic radicals having unusual chemical and/or
physical properties.
Kinetics and Catalysis Unit
Montreal Road, Building M-12, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: J.R. Morton, Telephone: (613) 993-2372
Activities:
The section studies the chemical properties and structures of free radicals and other transients, especially in the fields
of atmospheric chemistry, catalysis, metal clusters, and transition-metal chemistry.
Laser Chemistry Unit
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: P.A. HackeU, Telephone: (613) 990-0948
Activities:
The section promotes the use of laser technology in industrial applications by providing information on laser-driven chemical
reactions and on laser methods for remote sensing and process monitoring. Major elements of the program include laserisotope separation, laser development, and inorganic photochemistry.
Metallic Corrosion and Oxidation Unit
Montreal Road, Building M-12, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: M.J. Graham, Telephone: (613) 993-3548
Activities:
The section studies the processes involved in the corrosion and oxidation of metals and alloys in order to solve corrosion
problems. Work under this program includes studies of the growth and structure of thin oxide films on metals and alloys;
64
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
investigations of the mechanism of formation and breakdown of protection oxide films in solutions containing halideions;
studies of the transport mechanisms operating during high temperature oxidation; and the quantification of surfaceanalytical techniques and their application to corrosion research. In addition to research activities, the section provides
advice on corrosion-related problems.
Molecular Spectroscopy Unit
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: H.H. Mantsch, Telephone: (613) 990-0946
Activities:
The section investigates the structure and properties of complex chemical and biochemical systems by means of nondestructive vibrational spectroscopic techniques. Research activities range from the development of special infrared and
laser Raman equipment and techniques to the study of molecular conformation, including the affect of temperature
and pressure on biological membranes, chemical detergents, sugars, drugs, and lubricants. Many projects involve interactions with industrial, academic, and other governmental laboratories.
Organic Chemistry Unit
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: D. Griller, Telephone: (613) 990-0953
Activities:
The section provides fundamental information on reactive intermediates. Work under this program includes kinetic,
synthetic, spectroscopic, and thermochemical studies of radicals, ions, carbenes, and metallenes. It also includes the
development of new instrumental techniques such as photoacoustic calorimetry and modulation spectroscopy.
Reaction Intermediates Unit
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: J.C. Scaiano, Telephone: (613) 990-0952
Activities:
The section studies the behavior of short-lived species involved in many reactions in solution and in the solid state.
The approach includes several pulsed techniques, such as laser-flash photolysis and luminescence spectroscopy. The
research interests of our group include the kinetics and mechanismes of processes involving excited states, free radicals,
and carbenes in reaction media such as solution, polymeric materials, and zeoUtes.
Solid State Chemistry Unit
Montreal Road, Building M-12, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: C M . Hurd, Telephone: (613) 993-2514 .
Activities:
The section conducts basic research into various physical and chemical properties of solids, particularly systems of
possible technological interest. Areas of current interest include studies of reversible intercalation in layered compounds
of potential battery materials; studies of electrode materials and lifetime cycling in prototype batteries; and electron
motion in metals, semiconductors, and near-insulators. These studies involve measurements of magnetic, electronic,
thermodynamic, and crystallographic properties.
Division of Electrical Engineering
Montreal Road, Building M-50, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: S.A. Mayman, Director, Telephone: (613) 993-9010
Personnel: Total is 198.
Activities:
The Division undertakes a broad spectrum of work ranging from basic research and the acquisition of engineering knowledge
to applied research and development. The term "electrical engineering" is used in its broadest sense and includes the frequency
spectrum from DC to optical wavelengths, electronics (both digital and analogue), computer technology, and biomedical engineering.
A diverse range of appUcations includes industrial technology, energy, meteorology, and health (both instrumentation and aids
to the handicapped, and national and international standards). The Division serves a broad clientele of manufacturers, health
care institutions, electrical utilities, and other government agencies by providing information, calibrations, and testing relevant
to the expertise and facilities available. The Division operates nine major programs, six in Ottawa, two in Winnipeg and one
in Toronto. Descriptions of each are listed as follows. See also National Research Council of Canada (Metropolitan Toronto
and Manitoba) for additional information.
65
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
Computing Technology Unit
Montreal Road, Building M-50, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: N. Burtnyk, Telephone: (613) 993-0261
Activities:
The section creates and acquires new knowledge in selected areas of computing technology and develops new applications of this technology in support of Canadian industrial innovation. The activity includes work in the related fields
of parallel computing and system architectures, interactive workstation environments, computer vision, and artificial
intelligence with the main application focus on future-generation intelligent robotics. Intelligent robots are advanced
automated systems which, through the use of sensory perception, will carry out the necessary planning and reasoning
processes to interpret their environment and to guide their actions in performing their tasks.
Information Technology Unit
Montreal Road, Building M-50, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: J.W. Brahan, Telephone: (613) 993-2484
Activities:
The section studies, develops, and evaluates information technology with an emphasis on knowledge-based systems
and applications in selected areas. Topics include database and knowledge-base design methodologies, knowledge representation and structuring, inferencing techniques and knowledge acquisition. Particular importance is placed on applicationoriented projects undertaken in collaboration with industry, government agencies, and universities. Current application
topics include the development of an interactive intelligent advisor for use with database design methodologies; other
applications are being investigated in areas such as transportation and health sciences.
Medical Engineering Unit
Montreal Road, Building M-50, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: O.Z. Roy, Telephone: (613) 993-9287
Activities:
The section provides a centre for the creation, dissemination, application, and use of biomedical engineering knowledge and techniques in support of life quality and health-care concerns. Areas of research include habilitation rehabilitation
engineering, the effects of non-ionizing radiation on the biological system, orthopaedic engineering, and biological information enhancement. The section publishes a biennial inventory of bioengineering projects in Canada and an inventory
of rehabilitation research in Canada.
Photonics and Sensors Unit
Montreal Road, Building M-50, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: J. Domey, Telephone: (613) 993-2557
Activities:
The section focusses on the development of new measurement principles and sensor systems that combine optical,
electronic, and computer techniques. At present, research efforts are applied to two interrelated fields: 3-D vision and
guided-wave optics. Work in 3-D vision includes the development of new optical techniques for the rapid and precise
acquisition of three-dimensional surface data, as well as the processing of these data for purposes of object reproduction and recognition. Guided-wave optics research includes work in integrated optics, and non-linear optics oriented
towards the development of new sensors and rapid data processing.
Power Engineering Unit
Montreal Road, Building M-50, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: R.J. Densley, Telephone: (613) 993-2660
Activities:
The section advances the state-of-the-art in the measurement of electrical quantities in order to alleviate measurement
problems facing the Canadian electrical industry and for the maintenance, enhancement, and dissemination of national
and international standards. Engineering knowledge and expertise is provided to the Canadian electrical utilities and
associated industries on high voltage phenomena including insulation, measurement, and environmental problems.
Public Security Program
Montreal Road, Building M-50, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: J.G. Arnold, Telephone: (613) 993-3737
66
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
Activities:
The Public Security Program provides a focal point for all law enforcement research projects carried out at NRC.
Through the Solicitor General of Canada, a Canadian Program of Science and Technology in Support of Law Enforcement has been established whereby the RCMP as Lead Agency and NRC as research performer closely cooperate to
bring NRC's extensive scientific and technical capabilities to bear on problems facing the Canadian poUce community.
Division of Informatics
Building M-60, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: R. Taylor, Director, Telephone: (613) 993-1621
Personnel: Total is 61.
Activities:
The Division of Informatics coordinates EDP-related activites at NRC and provides a variety of computing and communication services throughout NRC. The Division consists of two principal branches. Computing Services and Networks.
Computing Services Branch provides computing and related services to the research divisions and the administrative branches
of NRC, and to the Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information. Services included user education and assistance,
analysis and programmming, interactive and batch computing, a wide variety of programming languages, extensive mathematical
and statistical libraries, database software, CAD software, extensive graphic hardware and software, scientific text processing,
electronic mail (Bitnet), and file and job transfer between IBM and DEC systems. Services are based on a variety of hardware
and operating systems, for example, VMCMS and MVSXA on an ABM3090, and VMS on a VAX750 and VAX780. An FPS264
scientific processor is attached to VM. Networks Branch assesses data communication needs on a broad scale, for example, interdivisional, NRC-wide, and NRC to external agencies, and recommends procedures and equipment by which these needs will
be satisfied. It also provides voice telecommunication services throughout NRC.
Division of Mechanical Engineering
Building M-2, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: J. Ploeg, Director, Telephone: (613) 993-2424
Personnel: Total is 287.
Activities:
The Division undertakes research and development activities in three principal areas - thermodynamics, applied mechanics,
and hydrodynamics - working closely with Canadian industry to address problems of both long - and short-term concern. The
main research effort is related to Canadian transportation problems, while another significant program concentration is the development and application of technology to increase industrial productivity. An integral part of the research work consists of ongoing
accumulation of basic engineering data and expertise as well as the operation of several National Facilities for engineering research
and development. The Division operates eight laboratories in Ottawa and one in Vancouver. Descriptions of these laboratories
and names of contacts follow. See also National Research Council of Canada (British Columbia) for additional information.
Engine Laboratory
Building M-7, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: D.M. Rudnitski, Telephone: (613) 993-2425
Activities:
The Engine Laboratory specializes in propulsion systems, especially airborne gas turbine engines. The capabilities
include comprehensive measurement of gas-turbine-engine operating parameters, performance assessment of blade
coatings, computer simulation and data acquisition reduction, accurate thrust measurement, detailed measurement of
turbine stage performance, and engine machinery health monitoring. Studies and tests are also conducted on reciprocating
engines, with primary emphasis on analysis of engine performance in relation to fuel properties. Internal aerodynamicsrelated work is undertaken in vehicular engine cooling systems with regard to fan performance, power consumption,
and cooling ability. Novel designs of nozzle and highly loaded turbine stages are tested in a twice-full-size turbine rig
to understand and develop design techniques for the gas turbine industry. Noise and vibration studies are conducted
in areas covering sound-intensity measurements and power determination, especially in near-field reflecting environments,
monitoring health of rolUng element bearings and balancing offlexiblerotor shafts. The Laboratory operates and maintains
three principal engine test cells as National Facilities (one of them calibrated, one anechoic, and one with icing capability),
as well as various smaller test cells and other facilities.
Fuels and Lubricants Laboratory
Building M-9, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA OR6
Contact: L. Gardner, Telephone: (613) 993-2415
Personnel: Total is 30.
67
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
Activities:
The laboratory's staff deals with various enquiries on fuels and lubricants and associated products (such as greases,
antifreezes, brake fluids, and hydrauUc fluids), and especially on the effects of future fuels on engine combustion, performance, and durabiUty. The Laboratory speciaUzed in the analysis of new and modified fuels, fuel blends, and combustion systems and components for diesel and gasoline engines, and the assessment of their effect on performance,
engine durability, and emission levels under conditions of general use by Canadian industry and private motorists. Hydrocarbon analysis is carried out to establish relationships between the structural composition of fuels and their physical
and combustion properties. The physical investigation of fuel spray characteristics is undertaken to improve the understanding of combustion processes in reciprocating engines, and to generate data for potential application in mathematical models. Research is undertaken into filtration techniques and fuel cleanUness; the effects of corrosion and icing
inhibitors and status dissipators on fuels during handling; oxidation stabiUty during storage; and thermal stability in
engine fuel systems. The Laboratory also speciaUzes in the instrumentation, operation, and analysis of diesel engines
to assess the effects of using future diesel fuels made from tar sands. Studies are conducted on energy storage and transmission methods for road vehicles.
Gas Dynamics Laboratory
Building M-10, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: R.G. WilUamson, Telephone: (613) 993-2442
Activities:
Work in the Gas Dynamics Laboratory is concerned with the flow of fluids, mainly gases, in engineering applications. The spectrum of interest ranges from large continuous gas-flow rates at ordinary engineering temperatures (associated with power plants, heat exchangers or industrial processes), to very small flows in extremely high-temperature
plasmas. Power plant work is centered largely on industrial and aviation gas turbines. Specialized experimental facilities, for research on all the major components of gas turbine engines, are operated in contract and cooperative research
programs with industry. Other faciUties allow studies leading to improvements in propulsion systems at forward speed,
small gas turbine aeroengines at altitude, and the internal aerodynamics of industrial flows and processes. An additional activity is concerned with the use of high-pressure water jets for various industrial cutting processes.
Hydraulics Laboratory
Building M-32, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA OR6
Contact: B.D. Pratte, Telephone: (613) 993-2417
Activities:
The Laboratory speciaUzes in the formulation of models which are used to solve engineering design problems such
a wave agitation in harbours; variations in tidal regimes due to natural conditions; the effects of wave forces on offshore structures; sediment transport in the nearshore zone; breakwater stability; and the interaction of ice with structures. Two and three-dimensional modelling is carried out on large-scale models of on-shore and offshore structures
such as breakwaters, drilling platforms, and artificial islands. The Laboratory conducts research into the generation
of realistic sea states using state-of-the-art computer software in combination with wave generators. New and unique
modelling techniques for estuaries, tidal bays, and sea ice are also investigated.
The Laboratory operates and maintains two major National Facilities for physical testing and research purposes:
the 50 m x 30 m x 3 m Offshore Wave Basin and the 63 m x 14 m x 1.5 m Coastal Wave Basin. Both are equipped
with wave generators and extensive instrumentation, data acquisition, and computing systems. In addition, the Laboratory operates and maintains a number of smaller facilities including an ice tank and a high-discharge flume.
Low Temperature Laboratory - Uplands Laboratories (Alert Road)
Building M-17, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: I.R.G. Lowe, Telephone: (613) 993-2439
Activities:
The Laboratory focusses on low temperature thermodynamics, as well as on the effect of boreal climatic conditions
on mechanical equipment and systems. Fundamental studies of snow and ice behaviour are undertaken to aid in the
analysis of problems related to ice accretion and snow ingestion, for example by aircraft, railway locomotives, and
offshore structures. Industrial energy uses are analyzed for application of improved heat transfer processes, heat pumps,
and heat exchangers. The Laboratory conducts studies of novel refrigerants and thermodynamic cycles to improve the
efficiency of heat transfer equipment and systems under Canadian conditions. It also operates climatic faciUties for
performance verification of a wide range of engineering equipment under extreme conditions of temperature, snow,
and freezing rain. The Laboratory's Helicopter Icing FaciUty permits full-scale icing-condition performance confirmation of rotor wing aircraft in hover mode, and of fixed-wing aircraft on the ground.
68
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
Manufacturing Technology Centre
Building M-4, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: G. McGregor, Telephone: (613) 993-2436
Activities:
The Centre specializes in the design and manufacture of specialized "one-of-a-kind" equipment and components
as well as prototypes for use in experiments and test facilities at NRC, with emphasis on interpreting the user's stated
performance requirements and converting them into working hardware. Experiments are undertaken to determine the
capabilities and limitations of novel as well as quasi-conventional methods of designing, machining, joining, cutting,
heat treating, and precision inspection, especially in conjunction with computer-controlled systems. The Centre also
explores production methods best suited to novel materials such as carbon epoxy composites and Kevlar epoxy composites, with some work in aluminum matrix composites.
Systems Laboratory
Buildings M-2, M-3, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: V.J. Thomson, Telephone: (613) 993-9461
Activities:
The Systems Laboratory focusses on developing methods to integrate human skills and judgemehtal capabilities with
the computational power and versatiUty of computers, in order to analyze and optimize a wide variety of engineering
and industrial systems.
The Laboratory's capabilities result from an integration of the staff's multidiscipUnary background in mechanical
engineering, control systems, industrial engineering, and mathematics. The capabiUties fall within two main areas.
The first area relates primarily to manufacturing. Software development and systems design are conducted for the
computer control of flexible manufacturing cells and to improve the performance of computer-integrated manufacturing systems. Job-shop scheduling-modelling packages are developed, along with packages for computer-aided process
planning and group-technology, off-line programming, and sensor control of robots.
The second area relates to the computer modelling of continuous systems, as an engineering tool in the design of
machinery and control systems and in the solving of dynamic problems related to aircraft, machinery, ground vehicle
stability, and vibration. Real-time computer models are developed with analog lO's that have the capability of coupling
directly to prototype control equipment. Techniques and software are also developed for discrete-event modelling and
interactive computer-aided decision-making for process management. These are appUed to a wide range of tactical problems
in the allocation of limited resources, such as truck dispatching at mine sites, material flows at smelters, and grocery
stocking in supermarkets; and to related strategic issues such as investment of capital for additional capacity.
In addition, the Vancouver office of the Systems Laboratory specializes in knowledge-based systems, including the
development of software for low cost micro-computer based CADCAM systems, and the application of artificial
intelligence principles to improve such systems.
Vehicle Dynamics Laboratory - Uplands Laboratories
Building U-89, Alert Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: C.A.M. Smith, Telephone: (613) 998-9638
Activities:
The Laboratory focusses on providing assistance to Canadian industry in the dynamic-behavior prediction, assessment, and improvement of existing equipment and prototype designs, as well as in strength testing, to meet applicable
specifications and standards. It operates major experimental faciUties for this work, undertakes related research, and
maintains a library of mathematical models for the prediction of car and train behaviour.
In particular, the Laboratory conducts statis and impact strength tests on prototype vehicles as well as proposed lading
and tie-down arrangements, and develops and applies instrumentation for measuring forces, strains, velocities, and
accelerations, both in the laboratory and over the road.
Full-scale vibration tests are conducted to determine resonant frequencies and vibration modes of whole vehicle structures
and suspension systems. Mathematical models are developed, acquired, and adapted to predict stability and dynamic
action of rail and highway vehicles. The Laboratory conducts research into the effect on vehicle stability of truck load
distribution and trailer configurations, as well as their effect on proneness to damage highways. Compliance testing
is undertaken to national and international standards.
Division of Physics
Building M-36, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: M.J. Laubitz, Director, Telephone: (613) 993-1053
Personnel: Total is 278.
Activities:
69
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
The Division focusses on the field of metrology, on the understanding and resolution of physical problems relevant
to the application of high technology to industry, and on certain areas of basic physics research. One of the major
activities of the Division is to act, in effect, as the National Standards Laboratory for Canada, with a considerable
part of its resources being devoted to disseminating, maintaining, and improving the basic standards of measurement.
In addition to the six basic measurement quantities (length, mass, time, temperature, electrical and light units), the
Division maintains a number of derived standards, such as those for ionizing radiation, acoustics, colour, pressure,
and so on. The time standard is widely promulgated by radio and telephone lines. Calibration services for measuring
instruments directly related to the other standards are provided for industry, universities, and government agencies.
The Division has a substantial program of research adding to the understanding of the physics, or the resolution of
materials problems, in areas of relevance to high-technology industry. A major area of investigation is in the realm
of structures of low dimensionality, based on semiconducting materials, particularly silicon and gallium arsenide. Such
structures are formed through epitaxial growth of various materials, and possess properties more closely resembling
those of one or two-dimensional solids rather than conventional ones. These materials are expected to have significant
industrial application in the next decade. Other programs support industrial or social development including research
in acoustics, lasers, optics, photogrammetry, and thin films. Basic research is conducted in several areas including highenergy particle physics and plasma physics. The Division operates major facilities which are made available to the industrial
and scientific communities, including a 50 MeV linear accelerator, an anechoic chamber, and a high-power one terawatt,
nanosecond, pulsed C02 laser facility. The Division operates as three laboratories; the Laboratory for Basic Standards,
the Laboratory for General Physics, and the Laboratory for Microstructural Sciences, each with five sub-groups. Descriptions of each are Usted below.
Laboratory for Basic Standards - Acoustics and Mechanical Standards Section
Building M-36, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: T.F.W. Embleton, Telephone: (613) 993-6052
Activities:
The section maintains the basic mass standard for Canada and also the primary national standards of acoustics, pressure,
and density. It provides traceability for regulatory agencies, the Canadian Standards Association, and industries that
require acoustical and mechanical standards for national and international trade. This activity includes the development of techniques to improve the reliability and ease of traceabiUty.
New technology, in the form of specific devices, measurement techniques, and knowledge of acoustics provides direct
support for innovation in Canadian industry. Studies include investigation of the mechanisms governing sound propagation outdoors in order to provide scientific solutions to current regulatory and environmental noise problems, vehicle
testing, and source localization. Other studies develop new knowledge and techniques required to deal with health problems associated with sound and vibration, especially hearing loss and vibration - induced white finger syndrome.
FaciUties:
The following facilities are available, on appropriate terms, to industry and universities: calibration of devices against
the national standards of mass, pressure, density, and acoustical quantities; the lEC prototype listening room, an anechoic
chamber of well established performance; a large measurement chamber for simulated ideal free-field measurements;
and the instrumentation required for physical measurements of loudspeakers and other audio components.
Laboratory for Basic Standards - Electrical and Temperature Standards Section
Building M-36, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: B.M. Wood, Telephone: (613) 990-9225
Activities:
The Electrical Standards group develops and upgrades primary standards of electrical measurements, and maintains
facilities for the calibration of electrical devices and systems. Most units, of both AC and DC, such as voltage, resistance, capacitance, and inductance are covered as well as most radio frequency parameters from 1 MHz to 40 GHz.
Clients are mainly from the communication and transport sectors, power distribution agencies, various government
departments and agencies, and the general instrumentation community. The Temperature Standards group maintains
the International Practical Temperature Scale (IPTS-68) in Canada, together with an auxiliary low temperature scale
(EPT-76) and various associated secondary temperature standards, provides thermometer calibrations on the IPTS,
and persues development work on various aspects of temperature measurement. The section is also engaged in the development of instrumentation for physical measurements (such as saUnometers, particle counting and sizing, humidity meters),
and is conducting research towards extending the range and validity of the Practical Salinity Scale and investigations
of the dynamic response of temperature sensors.
Laboratory for Basic Standards - Ionizing Radiation Standards Section
Building M-35, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: D.W.O. Rogers, Telephone: (613) 993-2715
Activities:
70
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
The section develops and maintains Canada's primary measurement standards for ionizing radiation and provides
a variety of calibration services based on these standards. These are primary exposure standards for x-rays in the energy
range 10 kV and for 60 Co sources, absorbed dose standard for 60 Co, and radioactivity standards for a variety of
radionuclides. Absorbed dose standards for several beta sources are available in addition to calibration services based
on the foregoing standards, and there is a Fricke dosimetry services for in-field calibration of medical accelerators.
The major research in the section concerns the development of primary standards for medical accelerator beams, more
accurate dosimetry and treatment planning in these beams, and general theoretical studies of radiation transport in
materials using Monte Carlo techniques.
Laboratory for Basic Standards - Length and Time Standards Section
Building M-36, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: G.R. Hanes, Telephone: (613) 993-2181
Activities:
The section maintains and improves Canada's primary standards and calibration services for length and time. It undertakes a set of coordinated research projects to: develop laser sources stabilized by atomic or molecular resonators for
use as wavelength standards; extend precise frequency measurement to visible radiation; and investigate the use of single
trapped ion as possible basic standard for length and time. It develops numerical and experimental methods for designing,
constructing, and measuring multilayer optical coatings for use in new products for science and industry.
The section also maintains and disseminates Canada's official time. It has developed primary and secondary standards of time and frequency which allow Canada to match the world's time scales. It maintains a research activity on
the improvement of these standards and on the development of new ones. The group operates various dissemination
services such as the CHU short-wave station, time signals via telephone lines to various agencies and the general public,
and provides time and frequency calibration services.
Laboratory for Basic Standards - Photometry and Radiometry Section
Building M-36, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: R.E. Bedford, Telephone: (613) 993-9373
Activities:
The section develops and maintains basic standards for the measurement of colour, visible ultraviolet, and infrared
radiation in the wavelength range 200 nm to 50,000 nm, and provides various calibration services. This is achieved by
developing state-of-the-art measurement facilities in photometry, radiometry, and colorimetry. The section also carries
out research and development work in support of its standards and calibration activities.
Laboratory for General Physics - High Energy Physics Section
Herzberg Laboratories, Carleton University, Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: C.K. Hargrove, Telephone: (613) 957-8594
Activities:
The section performs basic research in the field of experimental particle physics. Work under this program includes
the development of instrumentation for particle physics. The group is studying the weak interaction, using the TRIUMF
accelerator to look at lepton number conservation and muon electron universality. It is also studying electron positron
interaction at up to 200 GeV at LEP in CERN in Geneva and photo-production at Fermilab. Finally, there is research
into particle detectors. Because modern particle physics experiments require typically five to ten years to perform, the
various experiments in the section are at different stages.
Laboratory for General Physics - Laser and Plasma Physics Section
Building M-23A, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: A.J. Alcock, Telephone: (613) 993-3016
Activities:
The section is concerned with the appUcation of high-intensity pulsed lasers to the production and investigation of
high-density plasmas. Related projects include the development of high-power carbon-dioxide lasers, investigation of
self-sustained discharge-excited excimer lasers, and the generation, detection, and application of ultrashort light pulses.
Several laser systems are employed in the various projects.
Laboratory for General Physics - Materials Physics Section
Building M-23A, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: Z.S. Basinski, Telephone: (613) 993-7070
Activities:
The section studies the properties and behavior of defects in materials and correlates that information in an attempt
to understand the physical behaviour, including failure mechanisms, of metal and alloys. Various approaches are used.
71
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
both experimental and theoretical, including examination of mechanical and electrical properties of closely controlled
starting materials, and computer modelUng.
Laboratory for General Physics - Photogrammetric Research Section
Building M-36, Montreal Road, OUawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: Z. Jaksic, Telephone: (613) 993-2074
Activities:
The section addresses the major research and development aspects of modern photogrammetry and image metrology.
Projects are chosen to meet the needs of users whose interests range from applications of aerial and space photogrammetry to the use of photogrammetry in medicine and engineering. Among these needs is the development of real-time
solutions for measuring and controlUng dynamic events and processes for applications in industrial inspection, control,
surveiUance, and machine vision.
Laboratory for General Physics - Thin Films Section
Building M-36, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: J.A. Dobrowolski, Telephone: (613) 993-2094
Activities:
The section studies the properties, methods of production, and use of multilayer optical coatings and filters, essential
to many scientific instruments and industrial equipment. As well as generating new knowledge, the group develops products for exploitation by Canadian industry and serves as a centre of expertise for government, universities, and industry
on spectral filtering problems.
Laboratory for Microstructural Sciences - Chemical Physics of Semiconductors Section
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: D.F. WilUams, Telephone: (613) 990-0958
Activities:
The research goals are: develop and use newer methods of preparing thin films of semiconductors; determine critical
parameters in these deposition processes; and develop an understanding of the fundamental physics which determines
the optical, electrical, and structural properties of these films. Both the materials and the preparation technologies chosen
have potential applications for industrial semiconductor devices.
Laboratory for Microstructural Sciences - Condensed Matter Section
Building M-36, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: E.W. Fenton, Telephone: (613) 993-9392
Activities:
Theory of important new phenomena in solid-state physics is developed, with emphasis on the research areas where
experimental programs exist or are contemplated in the Microstructural Sciences Laboratory.
Laboratory for Microstructural Sciences - Molecular Beam Epitaxy and Microfabricadon Section
Building M-50, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: E.V. Kornelsen, Telephone: (613) 993-1123
Activities:
The section produces high quality epitaxial films of silicon and III-V compound semiconductors; characterizes their
structural, transport, and optical properties; and participates in their application to projects in both fundamental physics
and microelectronics.
Laboratory for Microstructural Sciences - Quantum Electronics Section
Buildings M-50, M23-A, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: A. Szabo, Telephone: (613) 993-1122
Activities:
The section is concerned with electronic and optical properties of semiconductor systems of reduced dimensionality,
electro-optical and non-linear optical interactions of semiconductors, and fundamental investigations of the interactions of light and matter. It collaborates with industry in these areas.
Laboratory for Microstructural Sciences - Surface and Interface Physics Section
Buildings M-50, M-36, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: P.H. Dawson, Telephone: (613) 993-9369
Activities:
72
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
The section conducts research on the characterization of surfaces and interfaces primarily of those semiconductor
materials which are of interest in the growth and appUcadon of heterojunctions and superlattices. The work includes
the development and application of new techniques of potential interest. The growth and properties of II-VI semiconductor thin films are also studied.
Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: D.C. Morton, Director, Telephone: (613) 990-0907
Personnel: Total is 221.
Activities:
A primary responsibiUty of the Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics is the operation and maintenance of astronomical observatories as national faciUties available to all interested scientists. It also conducts its own research programs in the fields of astronomy,
space science, and molecular spectroscopy, and is engaged in the development of new techniques and instruments for collecting
and assessing observational data. The Institute is truly interdisciplinary, with radio and optical astronomers working in close
liaison with spectroscopists, physicists, chemists, and engineers. The two major Canadian observatories are in British Columbia.
Individual descriptions of the observatories and major research programs are Usted below. See also National Research Council
of Canada (British Columbia) for additional information.
Planetary Sciences Unit
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: A. McNamara, Telephone: (613) 990-0711
Activities:
The section performs basic research on auroral and meteoric phenomena. Studies of the auroral and ionospheric
plasma processes are carried out using rocket-borne plasma probes, satellite and space shuttle instruments, and radar
from the ground. Optical observations of the aurora and airglow employ spectrometers, photometers, low light-level
TV cameras, and rocket and satellite-borne instruments. The data permit experimental and theoretical studies of plasma
instabilities, natural and artificial plasma perturbations, auroral excitation and emission processes, magnetospheric
substorms, and ionosphere and ionosphere-magnetosphere coupUng. Investigations of meteor composition by spectrographs, and orbit determination by cameras and radar reveal the origins of these objects. Some are fragile and originate from comets and the primeval material of the solar system. Others, of rocky or iron composition, originate from
asteroids and can be recovered on the ground as meteorites and studied for their chemical and physical properties.
Radio Astronomy Section - Algonquin Radio Observatory
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: J.M. Macleod, Telephone: (613) 993-6539
Activities:
The section is responsible for the operation and maintenance of the solar radio facilities at the Algonquin Radio
Observatory (ARO). Routine radio observations of the sun are made with a small paraboliod, and a fan-beam scan
of the 10-cm solar radio emission is made daily. A program of optical solar studies is undertaken at the Ottawa River
Solar Observatory near Ottawa.
NRC is participating in the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), one of the world's most sophisticated radio
telescopes, built on the summit of Mauna Kea in Hawaii. As a partner with Britain and the Netherlands, Canada will
get a quarter of the telescope's available observing time.
The telescope is an extremely high-precision instrument designed to operate at sub-millimetre wavelengths ranging
from 0.4 to 1.3 mm, a region of the electromagnetic spectrum that is now largely unexplored. It will replace the ARO
46-m telescope as Canada's national facility for molecular radio astronomy.
The research of the section covers radio galaxies, quasars, galactic magnetic fields, structure and properties of molecular
clouds and star formation regions, searches for new interstellar molecules, radio flare stars, and solar physics.
Solar-Terrestrial Physics Unit
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: J.R. Burrows, Telephone (613) 990-0748
Activities:
The section investigates phenomena occurring in space near the earth (i.e., in the magnetosphere) and in the solar
system or heliosphere. These include various distributions of ions, electrons, cosmic rays, plasmas, magnetic and electric fields, and currents. The many processes which create and/or control these phenomena arise from solar variability
and from the interaction of streaming solar plasma with the earth's magnetic field. The section conducts experiments
using ground-based rocket and satelUte instrumentation and theoretical analysis, in a program of basic and exploratory
research directed toward understanding these processes.
73
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
Space Physics Unit
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: J. Burrows, Telephone: (613) 990-0748
Activities:
The Space Physics Unit (SPU) conducts studies of plasmas and fields in earth's magnetosphere and high latitude
ionosphere using rockets and satellites; studies of solar and galactic cosmic rays using ground-based and spacecraft
instrumentation; operates a network of cosmic ray monitors with stations at Ottawa, Deep River, Goose Bay, Inuvik,
and Alberta.
Spectroscopy Unit
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: D. Ramsay, Telephone: (613) 990-0919
Activities:
The section seeks to advance fundamental knowledge of the spectra of molecules, free radicals, and molecular ions
in the microwave, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, and vacuum ultraviolet regions. The basic knowledge obtained has many
applications in chemistry, physics, and astrophysics, and provides a rigorous base for testing theoretical calculations.
Institute for Research in Construction
Building M-20, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: G. Seaden, Director, Telephone: (613) 993-2443
Personnel: Total is 271.
Activities:
The mandate of the Institute for Research in Construction (IRC) is to provide a research and information service to the construction industry with the goal to assist that industry to operate efficiently and sucessfuUy in an era of rapidly changing technology and social demands. Its research activities have evolved over the years and are focussed on issues related to the design,
construction, and performance of buildings and structures in Canada's climate and geography. This includes research on the
properties and durabiUty of building materials, and the design and performance of the building envelope, climate loads, geotechnical considerations, sound insulation and acoustics, building systems and services, and on matters related to fire and safety.
Research projects are undertaken in response to industry's identified needs, and may be funded in whole or in part by industry.
In keeping with NRC's commitment to work more closely with industry, the Canadian Construction Research Board (CCRB)
was established in May 1985 to give the construction industry a greater voice in the shaping of IRC's policies and programs.
The Board has identified technology transfer as a major concern in the industry. IRC operates as ten major groups, nine of
which are in the Ottawa area, and one in Saskatoon. Descriptions of each are listed below. See also National Research Council
of Canada (Saskatchewan) for additional information.
Acoustics Section
Building M-27, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: A.C.C. Warnock, Telephone: (613) 993-2305
Activities:
The section studies the propagation and attenuation of sound in buildings and building elements. This is done through
a combination of standardized and advanced experimental measurements both in the laboratory and in diverse field
situations. The response of people to sounds in their environment is also evaluated to discover simple rating systems
that describe human reactions. Whenever possible, the knowledge obtained is applied to the solution of specific building problems and is disseminated to the pubUc and the building industry through seminars and other appropriate means.
Building Materials Section
Building M-20, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: V.S. Ramachandran, Telephone: (613) 993-1596
Activities:
The objective of the section is to develop information on the characterization, properties, and behavior of materials
(organic, inorganic, and composite materials); assist in the preparation of standards and specifications; assist/collaborate
with the industry in the development of new products, new test methods; monitor/assess the performance of materials
or materials systems on site or in the laboratory; suggest remedial measures when needed; assist with the development
of new uses for known materials; carry out specialized tests on raw materials or finished products; and educate practitioners on the proper application of materials.
74
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
Building Services Section
Building M-24, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: R.P. Bowen, Telephone: (613) 993-9580
Activities:
The section provides the knowledge base required for the design and operation of building services and for the design
of the building envelope for the control of heat, air, and moisture. The services aspects include consideration of smokecontrol systems for tall buildings, and aspects of the indoor environment such as lighting and ventilation systems. The
building envelope considerations include the evaluation and understanding of the thermal, moisture, and air transfer
characteristics of materials, components, and systems leading to standards, product development, and proper design.
To component work in these areas, the section is involved with the development of knowledge and techniques for automated
building knowledge transfer.
Codes and Standards Group - National Codes Secretariat
Building M-24, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: J.F. Berndt, Telephone: (613) 993-9960
Activities:
The objective of the group is to improve safety and construction efficiency by developing and maintaining recommended National Codes respecting the safety of buildings with reference to structural sufficiency, fire safety, and public
health. These national model codes encourage efficiency in construction by providing a basis for uniformity of building
requirements throughout Canada. The codes are published on a five-year cycle as up-to-date and progressive building
and fire safety regulations for adoption by provincial and municipal authorities.
The objective is achieved through the provision of technical, secretarial, and financial support to the Associate Committees, which produce the model codes and associated code documents. Activities include coordination of technical
contributions to the committees; technical studies; responding to code inquiries; drafting of code requirements; editing
and translating code documents; committee secretarial service; and participation in technical and policy committees
of the National Standards System. A close liaison is maintained between the Codes and Standards Group and the specialist research sections in the Institute.
Construction Technology Service Group
Building M-20, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: R.G. Turenne, Telephone: (613) 993-2607
Activities:
The group is responsible for answering and monitoring technical enquiries from the construction industry. Research
staff also prepare publications designed to present the results of research in a form that can be readily understood by
practitioners in the construction industry. They are involved in numerous other technology-transfer activities, such as
administration of and participation in annual building-science forums, and technical committees, production of AV
packages, technical lectures, liaison with other agencies involved in the transfer of building technology to industry,
and coordination of group visits to the Institute.
Fire Research Section - National Fire Laboratory
Building M-59, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: T.Z. Harmathy, Telephone: (613) 993-2204
Activities:
The objective of the section is to develop means of reducing life and property losses by fire. This objective is achieved
by: building up basic knowledge on fire-related characteristics of materials and products, on fire processes, and on
techniques for fire-safety design; developing fire-protective measures and increasing the effectiveness of existing measures;
responding to the immediate research needs of regulatory officials, building-materials manufacturers, building designers,
and the fire services; and participating in the development of building codes and fire test standards.
A significant portion of the section's work is carried out at the National Fire Laboratory in Almonte, Ontario. It
is a national facility for studies such as large-scale fires, smoke-control measures in high buildings, and fire-fighting
equipment and techniques.
The facilities of the section are available on a contract basis to the private sector, government agencies, and educational institutions for the investigation of fire phenomena and the development of products, systems, and test procedures.
Geotechnical Section
Building M-20, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: J.H.L. Palmer, Telephone: (613) 993-1466
Activities:
75
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
The section carries out investigations on soils, rock, permafrost, snow, and ice, with major emphasis on northern
engineering, ice mechanics, foundation design (both for normal loads and earthquake forces), tunnelling techniques,
and engineering in avalanche-prone areas. Research priorities are based on need, the uniqueness of the problem to
Canadian conditions, and the resources available. Priorities and needs are defined through close contact with geotechnical
consultants and engineering firms.
Instrumentation Unit
Building M-24, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: J.J. Park, Telephone: (613) 993-1421
Activities:
The unit provides the Institute's sections with expert advice and consultative services on instrumentation and system
design, coordinates selection and purchasing of new equipment, and provides technical support for the proper
maintenance of instrumentation and related equipment. These objectives are pursued through two main areas of activity:
general instrumentation and computerized data acquisition and control systems.
Structures Section
Building M-20, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: A.C.C. Warnock, Telephone: (613) 993-2305
Activities:
The section's research provides information in three areas: design procedures, climatic loads, and structural behavior.
Research topics commonly arise in response to needs expressed by the authors and users of the National Building
Code, and complement work done at universities and other institutions.
Efforts are directed in the areas that are inadequately addressed by university or industry research; masonry engineering
and the structural behavior of glass are two examples of current interest. Finally, the section has the general goal
of monitoring structural behavior in the field, learning the lessons provided by both successes and failures, and passing
them on to designers and builders, and to codes and standards committees.
National Aeronautical Establishment
Building M-13A, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: G.F. Marsters, Director, Telephone: (613) 993-0141
Personnel: Total is 271.
Activities:
The National Aeronautical Establishment (NAE) pursues research and development objectives primarily in support of the Canadian aerospace community. However, the Division's expertise is directed not only to matters of aeronautical and aerospace concern, but also to programs related to airborne research, safety, industrial aerodynamics, and wind engineering. In performing
these roles, NAE also maintains a number of National Facilities including various sizes of wind tunnels, specially equipped research
aircraft, and structural test equipment which may be used on a commercial fee for service basis as well as for research and development projects. NAE operates five laboratories; Low Speed, High Speed, and Unsteady Aerodynamics, Aerospace Structures
and Materials, and Flight Research. Descriptions of each are Usted below.
Flight Research Laboratory
Building U-61, Uplands, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: S.R.M. Sinclair, Head, Telephone: (613) 998-3071
Activities:
The Laboratory addresses improvements in air vehicle design and operational procedures, advancement of flight safety,
and airborne studies in a variety of scientific disciplines. Specially equipped research aircraft are operated in support
of these activities.
Flight Mechanics and Aircraft Flight Systems: the Laboratory undertakes research, system development, and technology
transfer activities related to aircraft stability, control and handling qualities, advanced control and display systems,
improved guidance and navigation of aircraft, and general issues related to the pilot-aircraft interface. The majority
of these activities are joint undertakings with Canadian industrial or governmental agencies as partners.
Flight Safety and Operational Problems: the activities of Laboratory in this area are concentrated in the work of
the Flight Recorder Playback Centre, the National Facility operated in cooperation with the Canadian civil and military
aviation safety agencies. The Centre is involved in the full range of issues associated with the application and operation
of flight data and cockpit voice recorders, playback, and analysis of recordings for accident and incident investigation.
Airborne Sensing: airborne research projects are undertaken in several speciaUzed areas of airborne sensing. In general these studies involve "immersion" sensing wherein the measurement system is transported through the environment or field which is being measured. The major faciUties involved in this work are - the Convair 580 Research Aircraft
76
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
which undertakes aeromagnetics research and system development in support of geophysical surveying and submarine
detection, as well as test and evaluation of various advanced airborne systems of interest to the Department of National
Defence; the Twin Otter Atmospheric Research Aircraft which addresses airborne atmospheric studies relevant to air
transportation, meteorological forecasting, air quality measurement, and agricultural crop monitoring; and the NAE
Turbulence Research Aircraft.
Agricultural and Forestry Aviation: the Laboratory program in this area is focussed upon improvements in aerial
spray system efficacy through better understanding of the influence of aircraft wake flow disturbances on the spray
dispersion pattern. A well calibrated and instrumented spray research aircraft is used for field studies.
High Speed Aerodynamics Laboratory
Building U-66, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: L.H. Ohman, Head, Telephone: (613) 998-3064
Activities:
The Laboratory maintains two principal projects.
Aircraft Aerodynamics - Compressible Flow: theoretical, experimental, and computational methods are employed
to carry out aeronautical research and development in compressible flow. This work addresses means of improving
aerodynamic efficiency of aircraft, particularly at transonic speed; means of increasing low-speed high-lift characteristics
of wingflap system; unsteady flow and structural vibration (buffet and flutter) arising from high speed flight and carriage of external stores; and computational methods for developing solutions or aids to solutions of problems associated
with the above. Improved aerodynamic efficiency - for example, lower viscous drag and more effective lifting systems leads to decreased fuel consumption and reduced structural weight, important benefits to the Canadian aerospace community. Canadian miUtary operators will also benefit from the development of analytical methods to predict accurately
the envelope for safe carriage and release of external stores.
Operation of Trisonic Wind Tunnel: The principal research tool at the laboratory is the 1.5 m x 1.5 m Trisonic Slowdown
Wind tunnel featuring a Mach number range from 0.1 to 4.25, a wide range of density control, a special two-dimensional
high Reynolds number adaption, and a half-model test configuration. The tunnel is operated as a full service facility,
the laboratory providing operational services, maintenance, instrumentation, data processing and analysis, model design
and fabrication, and theoretical and computational support services for both internal and external users. New testing
techniques and equipment are developed for the upgrading and improvement of this facility.
Low Speed Aerodynamics Laboratory
Building M-2, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: R.J. Templin, Head, Telephone: (613) 993-2423
Activities:
The work of the laboratory is divided into three primary areas.
Aircraft Aerodynamics - Incompressible Flow: theoretical and experimental methods are utilized to carry out aeronautical
research and development related to the improvement of subsonic aerodynamic efficiency of Canadian aircraft and
to benefit the efficiency of new quiet propellar designs.
Terrestrial Aerodynamics: analytical and experimental studies deal with wind effects on buildings, bridges, and offshore structures, and the areodynamic efficiency of surface vehicles. Benefits of this work include improved safety of
large structures; reduction of undesirable wind effects in city centres; and energy savings by reduction of the areodynamic
drag of trucks, trains, and other types of ground vehicles. Development of the Darrieus rotor vertical axis wind turbine
continues.
Operation of Wind Tunnels: management of several wind tunnel facilities comes under the control of the laboratory,
the most significant being the 2 m x 3 m and the 9 m x 9 m Wind Tunnels. In addition to the use of these tunnels to
support the aerodynamic projects of both the Laboratory and external agencies, facility development is an on-going
project designed to improve productivity of the tunnels.
Structures and Materials Laboratory
Building M-14, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: W. Wallace, Head, Telephone: (613) 993-2469
Activities:
The Laboratory carries out research and development, and provides assistance to the Canadian aerospace community
in matters relating to the design, fabrication, durabiUty, and damage tolerance of airframes, engines, and space structures.
Seven laboratory sections address the topics of flight impact, structural analysis and testing, aeroacoustics, nondestructive inspection, engineering physics, composite materials, and metallic materials. A technical services group provides support to laboratory research and external cUents in the calibration of force-measuring devices and accelerometers.
It also provides design, instrumentation, and machine-shop support to these activities.
77
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
Major facilities exist for determining static strength, fatigue, durability, and damage tolerance characteristics of structures. This work may include tests on material coupons, components, and full-scale structural assemblies. A wide range
of equipment is available for inspection of metalUc, composite, and ceramic materials and components, including x-ray,
eddy-current, ultrasonics, acoustic-emission, and liquid-penetrant techniques. The effects of high energy and low energy
impacts on aircraft structures are studied using various pneumatic cannons and drop weight facilities. The Aeroacoustics
Test Facility includes two acoustic reverberation chambers which enable the manufacturers of aircraft, spacecraft, and
other equipment to demonstrate that their products wiU withstand intense noise up to 165 dB without damage.
Several collaborative projects with other NAE groups are underway including the development of a machine-visioncontrol system for industrial robots and for manipulators, such as "Canadarm" (Space Technology).
Unsteady Aerodynamics Laboratory
Building M-10, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: K.J. Odik-Ruckeman, Head, Telephone: (613) 993-2395
Activities:
The Laboratory applies its expertise in fluid dynamics and chemistry to several diverse project areas.
Stability of Flight Vehicles: advanced mathematical models and novel experimental techniques are developed to study
the flight behaviour of modern aircraft and missiles, especially at high angles of attack. Included are studies of static
and dynamic stability parameters in five degrees of freedom; cross-coupling between lateral and longitudinal degrees
of freedom; non-linear, hysteresis, and unsteady effects; and the sensitivity of predictions of flight behavior to all these
effects and parameters.
Trace Vapour Detection: sensitive techniques are developed for trace vapour detection utilizing gas chromatography,
vapour concentrators, vapour sources and passive samplers. These techniques are being incorporated in the development of field hardware for the detection of hazardous chemicals such as pesticides, explosives, illicit narcotics, and
selected building material off-gases.
Atmospheric Dispersion Research: The Laboratory studies the effect of the meteorological conditions on pesticide
spray application and deposition, and defines optimum conditions for maximum spray efficiency in agricultural and
forestry operations. Extensive field experiments are undertaken in New Brunswick and elsewhere.
Office for National Facilities for Science
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: B.H. Andrew, Director, Telephone: (613) 993-6543
Personnel: Total is 1.
Activities:
The National Research Council of Canada supports a number of projects and facilities for Canada which deal with various
fields of research. In general, these facilities are partially funded by NRC and managed and operated by outside agencies. These
cooperative ventures are as follows.
Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) - operated by the CFHT Corporation and built on the summit of Mauna Kea in
the Hawaiian Islands, the 3.6 m telescope is shared by the three member nations and used by astronomers from around the world.
Canadian Synchrotron Radiation Facility (CSRF) - located near Madison, Wisconsin at the Synchrotron Radiation Centre
(SRC) of the Physical Sciences Laboratory, University of Wisconsin, the CSRF provides a world-class source of synchrotron
light for Canadians whose work requires radiation having special properties. CSRF is a National Facility owned and managed
by the National Research Council of Canada, funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, and operated
by a team of scientists from the University of Western Ontario. Operation is possible through the hospitality and cooperation
of the SRC and the National Science Foundation of the United States of America.
Omni-purpose Apparatus for LEP (OPAL) - the OPAL experiment will examine the fundamental interactions among the recently
discovered " Z " and "W" particles. It involves the design and construction of a detector which will be installed at one of the
intersecting regions of a new colUding-beam accelerator called LEP (Large Electron Positron) at the Centre europeen pour la
recherche nucleaire (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland. The project involves 25 research institutions in 9 countries; the total cost
to Canada is shared between the National Research Council of Canada and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council.
Tri-University Meson FaciUty (TRIUMF) - the TRIUMF cyclotron, located on the campus of the University of British Columbia (UBC), is a unique National Facility for sub-atomic physics. Operated as a joint venture by UBC, Simon Eraser University, the University of Victoria, and the University of Alberta, the cyclotron is used for particle research (muon decay), the analysis
of mineral ores, and for medical applications.
Space Division
Building M-60, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: G.M. Lindberg, Executive Director, Telephone: (613) 993-5494
Personnel: Total is 27.
Activities:
78
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
The Space Division,* recently established, consolidates all space related activities carried out by the NRC. Incorporating the
activities of the Space Technology Program of the National Aeronautical Establishment and the Canada Centre for Space Science,
the Division focusses on research and development in the areas of space science and space technology. The Division operates
four major programs. Descriptions of each are listed below.
* NOTE: Current government plans regarding the creation of a Canadian Space Agency may lead to a relocation of the programs of NRC's Space Division.
Canadian Astronaut Program
Building M-60, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: B.A. Aikenhead, Telephone: (613) 993-4084
Activities:
The area includes the management of the Astronaut Program, the selection and training of astronauts, and the development of the experiments and their equipment. Following the successful flight of Marc Garneau in 1984, preparations
are underway for Canadian astronauts to be involved in future flights, one to undertake a space-vision-system experiment, and a second to do life-science experiments.
Space Science and Facilities Program
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: G. Atkinson, Chief Scientist, Telephone: (613) 990-0788
Activities:
The Office provides opportunities for Canadian scientists to participate in high quality national and international
space programs. Canadian space industries are therefore given opportunities to participate in the development of stateof-the-art technology. Technology transfer from the scientists in the program to industry is one major facet of the program.
The Office provides the major faciUties required to do space science, and the planning and evaluation processes required
to use them effectively. Engineering support for space experiments and project management for the development and
construction of major new facilities are provided. The work funded by the Program is contracted to Canadian industries.
Project funding for scientific research comes from the participating universities or government agencies or from the
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council.
The Office is presently developing major new space instruments in cooperation with agencies in Sweden, Japan and
the United States. Some of these instruments will fly SPACELAB, the European Space Agency contribution to the
NASA Space Shuttle Program, others will fly in orbiting satellites.
Space Station Program
Building R-105, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: K.H. Doetsch, Telephone: (613) 993-0137
Activities:
The Office is responsible for the design, development, testing, building, and operation of the Mobile Servicing System,
the Canadian contribution to the United States Space Station. NASA and its international partners (Canada, European
Space Agency, Japan) are developing the Space Station to be assembled in space and permanently manned by 1994.
The Mobile Servicing System is a sophisticated sub-system of the Space Station, which will consist of a movable base
with a servicing bay capable of accommodating and transporting large payloads, advanced control systems, a powerful
robotic manipulator, dexterous manipulators to allow handling of a variety of specialized tasks, specialized tools, power
and data systems, and a work station for astronauts during extra-vehicular activities.
User Development Program
100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: A.L. VanKoughnett, Telephone: (613) 990-0799
Activities:
The program will encourage the development of Canadian industrial capabilities to use the Space Station for spacebased manufacturing.
PUBLIC WORKS CANADA
Architectural and Engineering Services, Government Realty Assets Support, Design, Construction and Realty Technology
Sir Charles Tupper Building, Riverside Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0M2
79
PUBLIC WORKS CANADA - (Concluded)
Contact: M.G. Linklater, Acting Head - Corporate Reporting, Telephone: (613) 998-1169
Personnel: Total is 58.
Activities:
Objective: to effectively and efficiently provide technical advice, research and implementation support including technological
improvements and standards development, to the government as a whole in relation to the design, construction, maintenance
and operation of real property.
Description: because of the nature of its operational mandate and the attendant pool of professional and technical expertise,
PWC is called upon to provide advice and support on construction and realty technology to a range of government clients. This
includes the development of policies, standards and procedures, the conduct of applied research (often in conjunction with the
National Research Council's Division of Building Research, the transferring technology to other departments and to industry,
and providing related support services (such as making the Master Construction Specifications generally available).
Sub-Activities: technical standards and guidelines; appUed research; technology transfer; interdepartmental and industry support; program planning and control.
Outputs: standards, poUcies and guidelines; investigations and research studies and reports; training courses, seminars and
publications; technical support services; program direction.
FaciUties:
Thermographic equipment: 1 AES C-20 system with 8 terminals; Testing equipment Six Cymbol Cybernetic Workstations (5
based on the CA computer and one to use on DEC VAX), Three 7585B Hewlett-Packard E-size pen plotters.
ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE
Science and Technology Program Support Section
" L " Directorate, R.C.M. Police, 1200 Alta Vista Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R2
Contact: Inspector C.J.D. Cronkhite, Officer in Charge, S&T Program Support Section, Telephone: (613) 998-6340
Personnel: Total is 4.
Activities:
Canadian program of Science and Technology in Support of Law Enforcement; management of internal R.C.M.P. research
and development; evaluation and management of unsoUcited proposals received from Supply and Services Canada; maintenance
of police science R&D Data Base.
TRANSPORT CANADA
Navigational Aids Test Establishment
Blair Road, Cardinal, Ontario, KOE lEO
Contact: J. Lorquet, Chief - Marine Aids, Telephone: (613) 998-1384
Personnel: Total is 3.
Activities:
A new Navigational Aids Test Establishment (NATE) was constructed and officially opened on a ten acre site 90 km south
of Ottawa, at Cardinal, Ontario. The new buildings contain workshops and laboratories where the full range of conventional
aids and associated equipment can be developmentally and qualificationally tested. Open air test pads around the main buildings
have been arranged for the testing of externally mounted equipment and complete power packages. NATE was previously located
at Prescott, Ontario.
80
REGION-L CENTRAL ONTARIO
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Research Station: Vineland
Vineland, Ontario, LOR 2E0
Contact; Dr. R.S. Menzies, Director, Telephone: (416) 562-4113
Personnel: Total is 58.
Activities:
The multidiscipUnary, mission-oriented research program at Vineland includes the application of entomology, acarology, virology,
mycology, nematology, residue chemistry and engineering to a variety of crops ranging from tree fruits, grapes, small fruits
and vegetables to ornamentals, forage crops and tobacco. Pest management systems are being developed that employ a minimum
of pesticide, yet permit effective pest control in fruit and vegetable crops. Methods of control for viral, fungal, and bacterial
diseases through chemical and cultural means are being investigated.
ENVIRONMENT CANADA
Inland Waters Directorate - Ontario Region
867 Lakeshore Road, BurUngton, Ontario, L7R 4A6
Contact: E.T. Wagner, Regional Director, Telephone: (416) 336-4531
Personnel: Total is 88.
Activities:
Water management, water data gathering, water investigations, socio-economic studies.
National Water Research Institute
867 Lakeshore Road, BurUngton, Ontario, L7R 4A6
Contact: D. Egar, Director, Telephone: (416) 336-4625
Personnel: Total is 283.
Activities:
Programs are conducted by 5 research divisions - Aquatic Ecology, Aquatic Physics and Systems, Analytical Methods,
Environmental Contaminants, and Hydraulics and in the two regional units. The National Waters Research Institute (NWRI)
is conducting studies that have drawn new subject-specific resources to the Institute in the areas of contaminants and eutrophication, contracting into the Hydraulics laboratory, long-range transport of airborne pollutants (including acid rain), aquatic impact
of energy development, infestation by aquatic weeds, and investigations for the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement.
Facilities:
Standard and specialized laboratory and field equipment; Mas selective detector; Gas chromatograph.
Wastewater Technology Centre
867 Lakeshore Road, BurUngton, Ontario, L7S lAl
Contact: Mr. B. Jank, Associate Director - BurUngton Environmental Centre, Telephone: (519) 637-4666
Personnel: Total is 47.
Activities:
Evaluates, develops and demonstrates physical, chemical and biological processes for treating wastewaters, and treatment,
re-use, and disposal technologies for wastewater residues and hazardous wastes.
Facilities:
High-head pilot plant area; Mobile wastewater treatment demonstration units; Gas chromatograph; Mass spectrometer.
Water Quality Laboratory
867 Lakeshore Road, BurUngton, Ontario, L7R 4A6
Contact: A. Afghan, Chief, Telephone: (416) 336-4648
Personnel: Total is 44.
Activities:
The Water Quality Laboratory serves the needs of Environment Canada's ambient water quality monitoring program across
Canada for complex analyses of environmental samples of water, sediment and biota.
83
FISHERIES AND OCEANS
Bayfield Laboratory for Marine Science and Surveys
867 Lakeshore Road, Burlington, Ontario, L7R 4A6
Contact: A. Mayes, Materiel Manager, Telephone: (416) 336-4816
Personnel: Total is 160.
Activities:
The Bayfield Laboratory conducts hydrographic surveys for the production of navigational charts and related publications
for the inland waters of Ontario and ManitouUn and marine waters of Hudson Bay region and central Arctic. Activities include
hydrographic development, tides and water levels monitoring, chart compilation and cartographic development and survey electronics which includes research in sea ice classification radar.
Facilities:
Data Collection and Processing: electronic positioning systems, optical, satelUte positioning systems, echo sounders and sonar,
radars, tide gauges and current meters, bubble-memory data loggers, digitizing tablets, plotters and graphics terminals, computerassisted cartographic work stations, salinity profilers Communications: VHF, HF Radios, data collection platforms for satellite
communications.
Great Lakes Fisheries Research Branch - Ontario Region
867 Lakeshore Road, P.O. Box 5050, BurUngton, Ontario, L7R 4A6
Contact: Dr. J. Cooley, Acting Director, Telephone: (416) 336-4568
Personnel: Total is 41.
Activities:
The Great Lakes Fisheries Research Branch is located in the western end of Lake Ontario at the Canada Centre for Inland
Waters in Burlington. There are also two regional labs at Owen Sound, on Georgian Bay, and at Sault Ste. Marie, on Lake
Superior. Liminological and fisheries research and surveillance studies determine the effects of the eutrophication and contaminants on Great Lakes' water quaUty, biota, community structure and productivity. Similar studies on smaller Ontario lakes determine
the impact of acid precipitation as part of national program of monitoring and research. Laboratory research in aquatic toxicology and contaminants dynamics is conducted to develop water quality objectives and more rapid methods for hazard evaluation
and toxicity assessment in the field. An ultra-trace analytical chemicals laboratory located at CCIW, serves the needs of fish
research as well as fish quality inspection.
Other studies include:
1) fish habitat rehabilitation
2) the effects of contaminants on conversion efficiency in natural food chains and
3) the application of quantitative structure-activity relationships to hazard assessments of contaminants.
Facilities:
Electronic Acoustic Fish Censusing System.
84
REGION-M METROPOLITAN TORONTO
ENVIRONMENT CANADA
Atmospheric Environmental Service: Headquarters
4905 Dufferin Street, Downsview, Ontario, M3H 5T4
Contact: Cal Carter, Head - Program Analysis - Estimates, Telephone: (416) 667-4911
Personnel: Total is 984.
Activities:
Air quality and inter-environmental research, cHmatological services, ice services, meteorological standards, EDP services,
meteorological stores, financial services, personnel services.
Facilities:
Satellite receiving equipment; EDP equipment; Lab equipment; Radars; Airborne ice reconnaissance equipment (SLAR).
Atmospheric Environment Service: Ontario Region
25 St. Clair Avenue East, 3rd Floor, Toronto, Ontario, M4T 1M2
Contact: Cal Carter, Head - Program Analysis - Estimates, Telephone: (416) 667-4911
Personnel: Total is 201.
Activities:
Provision of meteorological services to the province of Ontario.
Facilities:
Weather radar; Upper atmospheric measurement equipment; Automatic weather stations; Other meteorological equipment;
EDP equipment.
Environmental Protection Service: Toronto
25 St. Clair Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, M4T 1M2
Contact: D. Piersiak, Head - Financial and Administration Services, Telephone: (613) 996-5840
Personnel: Total is 46.
Activities:
The objectives of Environmental Protection Service (EPS) is to ensure that human activities are conducted in a way that will
achieve and maintain a state of the environment necessary for the health and well being of man, the health and diversity of
species and of ecosystems and the sustained use of natural resources for social and economic benefit.
HEALTH AND WELFARE CANADA
Civil Aviation Medicine Units Laboratories
P.O. Box 1035, Station B, Downsview, Ontario, M3H 5V5
Contact: Sylvain St-Laurent, Financial Planning Officer, Telephone: (613) 990-7751
Personnel: Total is 4.
Activities:
Pathology research relating to Civil Aviation.
Facilities:
Chemical analysis equipment.
NATIONAL DEFENCE
Defence and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine
P.O. Box 2000, Downsview, Ontario, M3M 3B9
Contact: A. Patrick, Program Control Officer, Telephone: (613) 996-5912
Personnel: Total is 162.
Activities:
Defence and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine (DCIEM), is located on the Canadian Forces Base, Downsview, Ontario.
The mission of DCIEM is to perform research and development to ensure the health and safety and effective utilization of man
in any man-machine environment or in any adverse operational environment. The Institute also conducts cooperative work with
non-military government departments, with industry, and universities. DCIEM is well equipped with modern facilities to simulate
the various environments under study to perform human research in environments ranging from ocean depths, space, flight,
to the arctic and the tropic.
87
NATIONAL DEFENCE - (Continued)
Facilities:
Portable Decompression Chamber; Atmospheric Diving System; Human Centrifuge; Precision Angular Mover.
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA
Division of Electrical Engineering - see also National Research Council of Canada (Eastern Ontario and Manitoba) for additional information.
Rehabilitation Technology Unit
3781 Victoria Park Avenue, Unit 3, Scarborough, Ontario, MIW 3K5
Contact: J. Batelaan, Telephone: (416) 499-3222
Personnel: Total is 11.
Activities:
The unit develops technical aids for the handicapped by obtaining prototypes from the original developer and then
coordinating production. Coordination includes projection engineering, identifying manufacturers, and testing and
evaluating pre-production units.
88
REGION-N SOUTHWESTERN ONTARIO
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Animal Pathology Laboratory: Guelph
620 Gordon Street, Guelph, Ontario, NIG 1Y4
Contact: Vicki Lauzon, Financial Officer, Telephone: (613) 995-5433
Personnel: Total is 25.
Activities:
Activities at this Laboratory are mainly concentrated on diagnosis and research. Research is focused on meat microbiology,
methodology development so that tests for diagnostic functions could be improved and implemented. Research is also being
conducted on salmonella infection and contamination of livestock. In the salmonella research, use of biotechnology (genetic
engineering) is being exploited.
Research Station: Delhi
P.O. Box 186, Delhi, Ontario, N4B 2W9
Contact: Dr. P.W. Johnson, Director, Telephone: (519) 582-1950
Personnel: Total is 52.
Activities:
This Station is the primary centre for research on flue-cured tobacco in Canada. It is responsible for conducting research on
the main problems associated with the production of high quaUty product to meet the requirements of export markets. Its research
program features plant breeding and genetics, soil management and plant nutrition, plant physiology and biochemistry, insect
and disease control, harvesting and curing methods, and those factors considered to be associated with tobacco and health. Alternative or rotational crops are being investigated for the sandy soil of the tobacco-growing area.
Research Station: Harrow
Harrow, Ontario, NOR IGO
Contact: Dr. C.F. Marks, Director, Telephone: (519) 738-2251
Personnel: Total is 119.
Activities:
The Research Station at Harrow serves southwestern Ontario, where favorable soils and climatic conditions permit an intensive and diversified agriculture. Interdisciplinary research is conducted in eight commodity-oriented programs designed to improve
yield, quality, and efficiency of crop production. Crops under study include field and green-house vegetables, stone fruits, pome
fruits, corn, soybeans, field beans, winter wheat, and burley tobacco. Crop improvements are achieved by the breeding of new
varieties with superior characteristics and the development of improved crop, pest and soil management practices.
Research Station: London
University Sub Post Office, London, Ontario, N6A 5B7
Contact: Dr. H.V. Moriey, Director, Telephone: (519) 679-4452
Personnel: Total is 81.
Activities:
Research is directed towards the improvement of environmental quaUty and crop protection. Efforts are concentrated on integrated
pest management programs (IPM) and environmental toxicology. IPM procedures, including methods of biological control, are
being examined for the control of economically important pests. Studies of stored product insects include the development of
resistance and the adoption of procedures leading to minimum pest residues. Natural plant disease resistant mechanisms are being
studied for use in disease control. Chemical manipulation experiments are in process as well as selective breeding for resistant
varieties. Studies are carried out on the efficiency of systematic fungicides and on fungicidal activity and resistance. Other important facets of the research program include the effect of pesticides on non-target organisms and the environmental fate of pesticides.
91
REGION-P NORTHERN ONTARIO
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Experimental Farm: Kapuskasing
Kapuskasing, Ontario, P5N 2X9
Contact: Dr. J. Proulx, Superintendent, Telephone: (705) 335-6148
Personnel: Total is 25.
Activities:
The Experimental Farm at Kapuskasing conducts experiments on crop production and beef cattle management, in cooperation
with the Animal Research Centre (Ottawa), for northwestern Quebec and northeastern Ontario. The program emphasizes forage
and cereal management, including maximum harvest times and optimum seeding rates.
Experimental Farm: Thunder Bay
P.O. Box 158, Postal Station F, Thunder Bay, Ontario, P7C 4V8
Contact: Mr. J. Wilson, Superintendent, Telephone: (807) 939-2523
Personnel: Total is 6.
Activities:
The Experimental Farm at Thunder Bay is engaged in methods of crop production, particularly potatoes, for northwestern
Ontario.
Forest Pest Management Institute
1219 Queen Street East, P.O. Box 490, SauU Ste. Marie, Ontario, P6A 5M7
Contact: Dr. G. Green, Regional Director, Telephone: (705) 949-9461
Activities:
The research and development program of the Forest Pest Management Institute is devoted exclusively to the development
of efficacious and environmentally acceptable pest management strategies that will assist forest managers in the achievement
of forest management objectives. The Institute's research and development program is broad and complex. It includes the development of new or improved chemical insecticides and herbicides biological control agents, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and
protozoa and insect pheromones and growth regulators. A significant part of the program is concerned with development of
equipment and technology for applying pest control materials accurately and effectively to the target, of assessing the environmental impact of products and strategies developed and at elucidation of the persistence, dynamic cycling and ultimate fate of
pesticides and their breakdown products in the environment. Research complimentary to the foregoing is concerned with cellular
biology, immunology, tissue culture and systems analysis. In these areas, the Forest Pest Management Institute plays the lead
role within the Canadian Forestry Service but works cooperatively with other Canadian Forestry Service regional forest research
centres, provincial forestry agencies and other cooperators.
Facilities:
The Institute is well equipped with standard instrumentation to allow research to proceed in the foregoing fields. In addition
to the basic equipment required for the above, the Institute has an electron microscope, mass spectrophotometer, GC's, HPLC's,
and other analytical equipment, spray chambers, a research spray aircraft, extensive insect, plant and pathogen production facilities and production and research greenhouses.
Great Lakes Forest Research Centre
1219 Queen Street East, P.O. Box 490, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, P6A 5M7
Contact: Mr. J.H. Cayford, Regional Director General, Telephone: (705) 949-9461
Activities:
The Great Lakes Forest Research Centre is one of six regional forestry centres operated by the Canadian Forestry Service.
It is involved in a program of forest research and regional forestry development in Ontario, and provides the primary federal
focus for forestry in Ontario. A large portion of the research program is concerned with long-term wood supply. Various forest
renewal projects are under way, with emphasis on black spruce ecosystem silviculture and the mechanization of silviculture. Substantial efforts are also directed at the reduction of losses from insects, diseases and fire. A major cooperative project that involves
other elements of Agriculture Canada as well as various provincial and federal agencies deals with the impact of long-range transport of air pollutants of forest ecosystems. The forestry development program is involved in negotiating and administering federalprovincial cost-sharing agreements with the province of Ontario, conducting economic studies, and implementing job creation
programs in the forest sector.
Facilities:
Gas Chromatograph; Atomic Absorption Spectrometers; Nitrogen Analyzer; Ion Chromatograph; Autoanalyzers; Freele Drier;
Alkalinity Meter; Titroprocessor; Ph Meters; Conductivity Meter; Carbon Analyzer; Auto-Clave Sterilizers; Nikon Photomicroagraph; Varian Universal Heaters; Oscilloscope; Portable Photosynthesis System; Sartorious Balances; Vax 750 Computer
System and accessories; Microloggers.
95
ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES CANADA
Elliot Lake Laboratory
P.O. Box 100, 99 Spine Road, Elliot Lake, Ontario, P5A 2J6
Contact: Dr. R. Tervo, Manager, Telephone: (705) 848-2236
Personnel: Total is 27.
Activities:
Rock mechanics and ground control in mines, underground environment and radiation, dust, ventilation and noise mine tailings
management.
FaciUties:
Four million pound capacity rock testing machine; Radiation calibration laboratory.
96
REGION-R MANITOBA
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Animal Pathology Laboratory: Winnipeg
408 Federal Building, 269 Main Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3C 1B2
Contact: Vicki Lauzon, Financial Officer, Telephone: (613) 995-5433
Personnel: Total is 9.
•\ctivities:
This Laboratory is involved in diagnostic procedures in the fields of serology and bacteriology. The serology section is involved
in Brucellosis and E.I.A. diagnosis while the bacteriology activities involve the diagnosis of contamination of meat and meat
products and the identification of Salmonella and Campylobacter bacteria. The functions of the Laboratory support the livestock industry and regulatory agencies.
Canadian Grain Commission - Grain Testing and Research
600-303 Main Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3G 3G8
Contact: Mrs. A. Huggins, Financial Budget Officer, Telephone: (204) 949-2746
Personnel: Total is 109.
Activities:
Provides technical advice on the end-use quaUty of Canadian grains and oilseeds in support of quality control and marketing
of Canadian grain responsibilities.
Facilities:
Grain pilot mill.
Research Station: Brandon
P.O. Box 610, Brandon, Manitoba, R7A 5Z7
Contact: E.E. Swierstra, Director, Telephone: (204) 728-7234
Personnel: Total is 82.
Activities:
Animal Science: Genetic breeding studies focus on utilization of crossbreeding to improve reproduction, feed lot performance
and carcass quality of beef cattle. Reproduction physiology, endocrinology, nutrient requirements, feed utilization, genetics and
management are areas of emphasis for improved productivity in swine. Plant and Soil Science: Emphasis is on development
of crop management systems for chernozemic soils of the eastern prairies through integrated fertilizer management, weed science,
crop physiology and agronomy research with forages, corn, sorghum, wheat, barley, soybeans, and oilseed crops. In weed research
surfactants and additives in herbicide solution are being studied for their effect on plant leaf membranes. In barley breeding
the traditional techniques are used in malting and feed variety development. In corn breeding emphasis is placed on the selection
of lines for cool season environments.
Under the Canada/Manitoba Agri-Food Agreement subsidiary to the Economic and Regional Development Agreement, research
is being undertaken to:
1) Increase the production efficiency and market competitiveness of Uvestock and livestock products through:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
research on fertility and management of forage crops;
selection strategies for beef cattle;
forage crop production on marginal lands;
herd health and disease control;
livestock handling; and
livestock nutrition;
2) Contribute to the development and evaluation of improved soil management practices to maintain and enhance agricultural
land productivity and environmental quality. Research activities in this area will focus on soil erosion control methods, the
relationship between erosion and crop yields, soil fertility and tilth, maintaining organic matter levels, soil salinity and the
improved utilization of available soil moisture. Research may be undertaken to examine improved production on organic
soils and wet sands.
Research Station: Morden
P.O. Box 3001, Morden, Manitoba, ROG IJO
Contact: Dr. D.K. McBeath, Director, Telephone: (204) 822-4471
Personnel: Total is 57.
99
AGRICULTURE CANADA - (Continued)
Activities:
A main centre of research on field crops such as buckwheat, field corn, field peas oilseed crops such as flax, sunflower horticultural crops, vegetables and small fruits hardy ornamental species of shrubs and trees and new crops. Programs include the
production of new cultivars improved for yield, quality and disease resistance, mechanisms of rust-resistance in flax, methods
of propagation of ornamentals, management practices, and weed control in crops.
Research Station: Winnipeg
195 Dafoe Road, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2M9
Contact: Dr. T.G. Atkinson, Director, Telephone: (204) 269-2100
Personnel: Total is 114.
Activities:
The Station is situated on the University of Manitoba campus and maintains laboratory and greenhouse facilities. Research
programs at Winnipeg can be broadly classified under three headings: development of improved cereal cultivars, protection of
stored seed and seed products and integrated pest management of insect pests of fieldcrops. Research on the development of
progressively superior cultivars of bread and duram wheat and development of barley and oats crops with improved agronomic
and disease resistant characteristics. Quality testing and some disease screening services are provided to breeders at other establishments. Research on the storage and protection of grains, oilseeds and their products emphasizes ecology of storage insecticide control and the detection, prevention and dynamics of mycotoxins in stored grains and oilseeds. Integrated control of agricultural
pests is approached through damage assessment methodology, and increased knowledge of biology, parasitology, pathology and
physiology of insect pests of cereal and oilseed crops.
A Crop Research and Extension program designed to enhance agriculture productivity under the Canada/Manitoba Agri-Food
Agreement subsidiary to the Economic and Regional Development Agreement includes research activities on:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
optimum management practices for cereal and oilseed crop production;
specific plant breeding topics;
soil fertility and plant nutrition;
control measures or diseases, weed, and insect pests;
evaluation and demonstration or production and management systems or short-season row crops, pulse crops and horticultural crops.
ATOMIC ENERGY OF CANADA LIMITED
Whiteshell Nuclear Research Establishment
Pinawa, Manitoba, ROE ILO
Contact: Stephen Hall, Program Officer, Telephone: (613) 236-6444
Personnel: Total is 952.
Activities:
Programs are mainly focussed on nuclear fuel waste management and on nuclear reactor safety research. The Whiteshell Nuclear
Research Establishment (WNRE) directs the research on disposal of used fuel and fuel recycle wastes. This includes research
on fuel waste immobilization, geotechnical research to develop methods of characterizing the rock formations that might host
the disposal vault, the environmental and safety assessment to predict radionuclide migration from such disposal. The nuclear
reactor safety program is intended to improve our understanding of nuclear reactor behavior under postulated loss-of-coolant
accident conditions. This includes research work on the thermalhydrauUcs of the reactor heat transport system, on the thermalmechanical behavior of fuel and fuel channels, and on the containment atmosphere. Other work at WNRE includes fundamental
investigations of the biological effect of radiation, and basic research in chemistry and materials science.
Facilities:
RD-14 Thermalhydraulic Test Loop; Containment Test Facility; Underground Research Laboratory (under construction); Slowpoke Reactor (under construction).
ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES CANADA
Geophysical Observatory: Flin Flon
P.O. Box 610, FUn Flon, Manitoba, R8A 1N4
Contact: R.J. Halliday, Manager - Canadian Seismograph Networks, Telephone: (613) 995-5399
Personnel: Total is 1.
100
ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES CANADA - (Continued)
Acitivities:
Monitoring seismic ground motion. FUn Flon is a station in the Canadian Standard Seismograph Network.
Facilities:
Photographic recording seismographs - including: 3 short-period and 3 long-period Willmore seismometers.
ENVIRONMENT CANADA
Atmospheric Environment Service: Central Region
266 Graham Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3C 3V4
Contact: Cal Carter, Head - Program Analysis - Estimates, Telephone: (416) 667-4911
Personnel: Total is 247.
Activities:
Provision of meteorological services to the provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan and the central portion of the Northwest
Territories.
Facilities:
Weather radar; upper atmospheric measurement equipment; automatic weather stations; other meteorological equipment; EDP
equipment.
FISHERIES AND OCEANS
Fisheries Research Branch - Western Region
501 University Crescent - Freshwater Institute, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N6
Contact: Dr. R.M. McMullen, Regional Director - Science, Telephone: (204) 949-2420
Personnel: Total is 139.
Activities:
Responsible for research relative to freshwater, freshwater fisheries, and Arctic marine fish and marine mammals. Fish habitat
and limnological research emphasizes mechanisms and processes of biological production and decomposition in lakes, and includes
studies related to energy development and use; in particular, acidification radionuclide and heavy metal pollution, hydroelectric
reservoirs and toxic chemicals. Research in the development of the fisheries resource includes intensive aquaculture using waste
heat, pilot fisheries enhancement studies of large lakes, stream rehabiUtation, studies of fish diseases and fish product development. Arctic research emphasizes commercially important fish, marine mammals and associated ecosystems. Scientific disciplines
at the Freshwater Institute include population biology, liminology, fisheries biology, organic and inorganic chemistry and toxicology, marine mammal biology, hydrology, and associated fields. Studies are carried out in laboratories at the Freshwater Institute and in the field stations located at varying latitudes ranging from north temperate to mid-Arctic (i.e. from 50 to 75 degrees
north latitude).
The Fisheries Development Division conducts projects to more efficiently exploit fishery resources, explore and develop new
fisheries, introduce and demonstrate new types of fishing vessels, equipment and techniques, develop new fishery products, improve
the handling, processing and distribution of fishery products, conserve energy and provide technical support to industry.
Facilities:
Pumps and Compressors: centrifuges, separators, vacuum and pressure filters; Driers: dehydrators, anhydrators; Communications: telegraphs, radios, telephones, intercoms, recorders and reproducers, underwater sound equipment, binoculars, radiotelephones; Medical Equipment: surgical instruments, lab suppUes, scales and balances; Measuring Devices: anemometer, oscilloscope,
telethermometer, thermometer, potentio-meters, texture measuring system; Lab Equipment: condensing units, flowmeters, fish
samples, bone separators, sealers, sterilizer; Miscellaneous: amplifier, augers, camera, data logger, hydrocyclones, frequency
synthesizer, generators, pumps, recorders, sonar, kiln, chromatographs, scanning electron microscope.
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA
Division of Electrical Engineering - see also National Research Council of Canada (Eastern Ontario and Metropolitan Toronto)
for additional information.
101
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
Canadian Institute of Industrial Technology
435 Ellice Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3B 1Y6
Contact: W.C. McGregor, Telephone: (613) 949-7963
Activities:
The Canadian Institute of Industrial Technology, owned and operated by the National Research Council of Canada,
has been designed as a complete research environment for technical teams from industry, university, and government,
and as a national centre for information on industrial technology. The Institute will be a focal point for integrated
industrial research programs of national scope directed to specific industrial sectors - for example, the resource industries, the construction-related manufacturing sector, or the aerospace field.
Robotics and Automation Unit
435 EUice Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3B 1Y6
Contact: M.S. Barakat, Telephone: (613) 949-7693
Activities:
In recent years, NRC has developed active research programs in automated technology at centres in Ottawa and Montreal. As a third centre of expertise, a team of specialists is being established at the Canadian Insdtute of Industrial
Technology in Winnipeg to provide a full range of services to occupants.
Major areas of applied R&D wiU include artificial intelligence, robotics, automation, computer-integrated manufacturing and production, and flexible manufacturing systems.
The Institute is being furnished with modern research equipment and pilot-production facilities either unavailable to
or beyond the means of most individual firms.
102
REGION-S SASKATCHEWAN
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Animal Pathology Laboratory: Saskatoon
116 Veterinary Road, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 2R3
Contact: Vicki Lauzon, Financial Officer, Telephone: (613) 995-5433
Personnel: Total is 38.
Activities:
This Laboratory, which is located on the campus of the University of Saskatchewan, contains two sections: Chemical Residue
Analysis and Infectious Diseases. The Chemical Residue Analysis Section is concerned with diagnosis and research in the detection of potentially harmful chemical residues in meat and meat products. The Infectious Diseases Section performs diagnostic
and research activities on brucellosis and other diseases affecting domestic animals and also their interaction with wildlife species. Disciplines involved in these programs include chemistry, biochemistry, bacteriology, immunology and pathology.
Facilities:
Mass spectrometer; atomic absorption spectrophotometer; gas and high performance liquid chromatographs.
Experimental Farm: Indian Head
Indian Head, Saskatchewan, SOG 2K0
Contact: Mr. M. Maw, Officer - In Charge, Telephone: (306) 695-2274
Personnel: Total is 22.
Activities:
The Experimental Farm at Indian Head has an excellent land resource for expanded work in agronomy and weed control of
cereal, oilseed and other field crops. It is the only test site for southern Saskatchewan where field crop recommendations can
be developed. Much of the work done here involves services to other research stations and includes evaluation of new lines and
varieties of cereal, oilseed and other field crops (buckwheat, fababeans, field peas, lentils, canary seed).
Research Station: Melfort
P.O. Box 1240, Melfort, Saskatchewan, SOE 1A4
Contact: Dr. S.E. Beaucom, Director, Telephone: (306) 752-2776
Personnel: Total is 53.
Acdvities:
The major goals of the Research Station at Melfort are to provide the livestock producer, particularly feedlot operators, with
an alternative to expensive feed grains, and to encourage the greater use of perennial forage crops in rotation to prevent further
decline in the productive capacity of the soil. Research programs are directed to the improvement of forage systems to make
them more economically competitive and to demonstrate that forage production is an integral part of food soil management.
The cereal, oilseed and special crops program emphasize improvement of production efficiency with prevention of further soil
deterioration.
Research Station: Regina
P.O. Box 440, Regina, Saskatchewan, S4P 3Z2
Contact: T.F. Townley-Smith, Acting Director, Telephone: (306) 585-0255
Personnel: Total is 49.
Activities:
A major centre for the biology and control of weeds in cultivated crops and pastures. High priority is given to the development
of technology for biological control, using insects, plant pathogens and cultural means. The bio-control program includes projects on diffuse knapweed, leafy spurge, Canada thistle and sow thistle. The present necessity for weed control by herbicides
in crop production requires sophisticated information on efficacy, crop tolerance, environmental persistance and health hazards.
Studies of the environmental chemistry of herbicides include estimations of persistence in soils and residues in crops.
Research Station: Saskatoon
107 Science Crescent, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 0X6
Contact: Dr. J.R. Hay, Director, Telephone: (306) 343-8214
Personnel: Total is 122.
Activities:
There are four research programs with the following objectives: Cereals - to improve management systems for cereal production in northwestern Saskatchewan, and to develop lines of barley and hard red spring wheat with resistance to common root
rot for the prairies, and very high-yielding cultivars of utility wheat. Oilseeds - to improve management systems for rapeseed/canola
production in northwestern Saskatchewan, and mustard for the dark brown soil zones; to develop high-yielding cultivars of rapeseed/canola and mustard with improved chemical properties and good disease resistance, arid to develop integrated methods
for control of insects in oilseed crops. Forage Crops - to develop hardy, disease resistant, bloat-safe alfalfa cultivars, and
105
AGRICULTURE CANADA - (Continued)
improved cultivars of selected grasses for western Canada, and to develop integrated methods for control of insects in forage
crops. Integrated Pest Management - to develop integrated systems including biological, cultural and chemical means for control
of weeds and insects, including grasshoppers, wireworms, and black flies, that wiU minimize our dependence on chemicals.
Research Station: Swift Current
P.O. Box 1030, Swift Current, Saskatchewan, S9H 3X2
Contact: B.H. Sanatag, Director, Telephone: (306) 773-4621
Personnel: Total is 127.
Activities:
Research takes a multidisciplinary approach to the production of high yields and disease resistance in cereal and forage crops.
This is accompUshed through research in plant breeding, plant physiology, agronomy, soil and water management, salinity control, nutrition, agrometeorology, and agricultural engineering. The station is a centre of expertise for energy production in the
prairie region, and investigates methods of dual-fuelUng, the use of wind energy, and geothermal energy for heating purposes.
Assistance in the problem solving is provided at national and international levels.
NOTE: For the Agriculture Research Station in Melfort, Regina, Saskatoon and Swift Current; Under the Canada/Saskatchewan
Agri-Food Agreement subsidiary to the Economic Regional Development Agreement, research is being performed in
the areas of:
1) Crop Intensification by:
a) diversifying the crops available to producers, increasing moisture use efficiency through alternative crop use,
developing improved varieties of existing crops and developing new technology for the intensification of production of new and/or existing crops; and
b) developing an improved technology for the control of weeds, insect pests in crops and stored grain, and diseases
of cereal grains;
2) Livestock Productivity Improvement by:
a) improving beef nutrition from mechanically harvested forages by developing efficient harvesting, storage and
feeding systems to preserve optimum nutritive value and increase efficiency of use: and
b) improving nutrition of grazing beef animals by developing more efficient grazing systems through existing
productive species of forages and optimum management of forage consumption and utilization;
3) Soil Conservation by researching and documenting the nature and distribution of the land resource and soil degradation processes involved in declining soil quality.
ENVIRONMENT CANADA
Inland Waters Directorate - Western and Northern Region
1901 Victoria Avenue, Regina, Saskatchewan, S4P 3R4
Contact: R.A. HaUiday, Director, Telephone: (306) 780-5319
Personnel: Total is 228.
Activities:
Providing information, advice and recommendations related to water resource planning and management.
National Hydrology Research Institute
11 Innovation Boulevard, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 3H5
Contact: T.M. Dick, Director, Telephone: (306) 975-5718
Personnel: Total is 54.
Activities:
Research into problems and phenomena of surface water, ground water and snow and ice. Ground Water Division studies
the effects of:
1) surface and subsurface disposal of radioactive wastes and other toxic wastes, and;
2) surface spills on the ground water regime; transport phenomena in saturated and unsaturated porous and fractured media,
particularly simultaneous flow of fluid and heat, and phenomena related to transport of material in solution; parametric and
106
ENVIRONMENT CANADA - (Continued)
physically based models of subsurface flow in the saturated and unsaturated zones; fracture flow; environmental assessment
of the impacts of structures and excavations on the ground water regime; permafrost and the ground water-permafrost relation
in northern Canada.
Surface Water Division investigates the interactions and exchanges between various phases of the hydrologic cycle; flow systems
and water balances in selected Canadian drainage basins; effects of land drainage on stream hydrographs; river channel modification by fluvial processes; parametric, stochastic and physically based models; theory and rationale of modelling and investigation of limitations to modelling imposed by coarseness of model structure and imperfect knowledge of prototype; regional
evaporation; water balance of arctic and subarctic basins; freeze-up and break-up of rivers and lakes; river ice jamming; hydrology of ground ice and aufeis; examination of hydrologic aspects of northern development; mountain hydrology; snow and ice
melt in hydrologic models; remote sensing as a source of data for operational models; techniques of interpreting remotely sensed
data; instrumentation for collection, recording and transmitting data; microwave and infrared properties of wet and dry snow;
snowpack structure, its evolution during melting periods and its effects on runoff behaviour; physics of glaciers and ice caps;
glacier mass, energy and water balances; glacier inventory of Canada; fundamental properties of ice as a material; snow properties, mechanics and structure and its effects on water flow and runoff; gamma ray snow surveys; extraction and use of ice cores
for developing paleocUmatic records.
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA
Institute for Research in Construction - see also National Research Council of Canada (Eastern Ontario) for additional information.
Prairie Regional Station
110 Gymnasium Road, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 0W9
Contact: C.P. Hedlin, Telephone: (306) 975-4203
Personnel: Total is 16.
Activities:
The Station provides technical information to the construction industry in the three prairie provinces for improved design,
construction, and operation of buildings and other structures. This objective is pursued through applied research projects and
technical information services.
Plant Biotechnology Institute
110 Gymnasium Road, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 0W9
Contact: W.F. Steck, Director, Telephone: (306) 975-4191
Personnel: Total is 102.
Activities:
The Institute carries out research to find new exploitable methods for genetic alteration of plants and for biochemical control
of plant development in agriculture, forest tree production, medicinal products, and industrial processes. The cell and molecular
biology of higher plants are the basis for genetic engineering projects at PBI. Collaboration with other research organizations
is actively promoted and sought by the Institute. Descriptions of the specific research groups are listed below.
Biotechnology Development Unit
110 Gymnasium Road, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 0W9
Contact: W.G.W. Kurz, Telephone: (306) 975-5570
Activities:
FBI's Biotechnology Development Unit transfers new biotechnology from foreign countries to Canada, liaises with
Canadian industry, and disseminates information about plant biotechnology to Canadian research partners.
Cell Technology Section
110 Gymnasium Road, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 0W9
Contact: K. Kartha, Telephone: (306) 975-5575
Activities:
The Section develops techniques in protoplast and cell culturing, regeneration from protoplasts, somatic hybridization, plant cloning, cellular biochemistry and physiology, somaclonal and other sources of variation, germplasm storage,
and cryobiology. Present research aims to improve cereal grains, oilseed species, special crops, and conifer trees. As
well, the section maintains an electron microscope facility.
107
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA - (Continued)
Gene Technology Section
110 Gymnasium Road, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 0W9
Contact: W.L. Crosby, Telephone: (306) 975-5241
Activities:
The Section develops techniques for vector construction, gene mapping and sequencing, DNA and RNA manipulation, and
gene transfers with emphasis on the expression of foreign genes in plants. Project work is being done on nitrogen fixation and
photosynthesis.
108
REGION-T ALBERTA
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Animal Diseases Research Institute: Lethbridge
P.O. Box 640, Lethbridge, Alberta, TIJ 3Z4
Contact: Vicki Lauzon, Financial Officer, Telephone: (613) 995-5433
Personnel: Total is 53.
Activities:
Research is mainly focused on respiratory, reproductive and neonatal problems in beef cattle with particular emphasis on the
role and interaction of viruses, bacteria and mycoplasmas as well as the comparative relationships between management and
disease in intensive and extensive production systems. Other research projects include studies on bovine herpes virus, leptospirosis, scrapie, clostridial diseases, and Arctic fox rabies. DiscipUnes involved are pathology, bacteriology, virology, immunology, clinical research. Diagnostic test service in these disciplines are also provided in support of federal disease control, eradication
and certification programs in Western Canada.
Facilities:
Large animal environmental chamber; environmental control chamber; milUpore, two-stage filtration system; micro-computer
- two DEC Rainbow 100 (with peripherals); camera, photomicrographic, orthoplan; camera, auto-F/microscope, Reichart; video
recorder and monitor - with camera - RCA.
Experimental Farm: Fort Vermilion
Fort Vermilion, Alberta, TOH INO
Contact: Mr. B. Siemens, Superintendent, Telephone: (403) 927-3253
Personnel: Total is 9.
Activities:
The Experimental Farm at Fort VermiUon is the most northerly component of Agriculture Canada's northern research group
and, together with Beaverlodge, is historically and traditionally associated with frontier and development type of northern agriculture. Research activities include studies of the effect of climate on seeding dates, and fertilizer rates for cereal, oilseed and
forage crops.
Northern Forest Research Centre
5320-122 Street, Edmonton, Alberta, T6H 3S5
Contact: Denis G. Benke, Senior Finance Officer, Telephone: (403) 435-7226
Activities:
Research into:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
insect and disease management systems and surveys;
environmental impact of toxic substances and vegetation management;
wetlands and climate;
regeneration and plantation management;
nursery management and tree improvement;
stand productivity and forest inventory;
fire management systems;
forest hydrology;
resource economics.
Facilities:
Inductively coupled plasma spectrometer; Scanning electron microscope.
Research Station: Beaverlodge
P.O. Box 29, Beaveriodge, Alberta, TOH OCO
Contact: Dr. J.D. McElgunn, Director, Telephone: (403) 354-2212
Personnel: Total is 58.
Activities:
Centre for research on northern agriculture covering response of crops to environment with emphasis on plant survival, micrometeorology, weed control and plant pathology. Research on cereal and oilseed crops emphasized barley, wheat and rapeseed
breeding and agronomy. Forage research concentrates on grass breeding, grass and legume seed management, and the production and utilization of forages. Soils research covers microbiology with emphasis on nitrogen fixation, organic matter relationships and crop management. Research in apiculture includes bee breeding, pathology and management.
Ill
AGRICULTURE CANADA - (Continued)
Research Station: Lacombe
Lacombe, Alberta, TOC ISO
Contact: Dr. D.E. Waldern, Director, Telephone: (403) 782-3316
Personnel: Total is 92.
Activities:
The Animal Breeding Section conducts research into methods of meat animal breeding, beef, cattle, and swine major carcass
evaluation and carcass grading programs. Studies of beef and pork quaUty in relation to pre-slaughter and post-slaughter conditions are assessed as factors in consumer acceptance.
Research Station: Lethbridge
Lethbridge, Alberta, TIJ 4B1
Contact: Dr. D.G. Dorrell, Director, Telephone: (403) 327-4561
Personnel: Total is 296.
Activities:
The Station, located in a weU-equipped Agriculture Centre built in 1976, includes space for visiting scientists. The facilities
include a smaU animal vivarium of 29 controUed-environment isolation rooms, a phytotron with over 100 controlled-environment
chambers and six greenhouses, and an electron microscopy laboratory. Comprehensive studies in basic and appUed research related
to agricultural production under rain-fed and irrigated regimes are conducted in multi-disciplinary programs in the following
areas: Animal Parasitology, Animal Science, Crop Entomology, Plant Pathology, Plant Science, Soil Science. In addition to
the 500-hectares at Lethbridge the station conducts research at a 20,000-hectare ranch and beef cattle breeding station near Manyberries, a 500-hectare ranch near Stavely and a 150-hectare irrigation substation at Vauxhall, Alberta.
Western Laboratory - Services Division
102-11th Avenue, S.E., Calgary, Alberta, T2G 0X5
Contact: Mr. Ralph Onciul, Director, Telephone: (403) 231-5741
Personnel: Total is 33.
Activities:
This Laboratory provides physical, chemical and biological testing services in support of inspections, quality and safety assurance programs of the Food Protection and Inspection Branch, on food products (meat, egg, dairy, fruit and vegetable products)
and agricultural inputs (feeds, fertilizers, seeds and pesticides) for the western regions. Analytical methodology research is conducted in order to maintain state-of-the-art quality service on a timely and reliable basis.
ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES CANADA
Fuel Processing Research Laboratory
P.O. Bag 1280, # 1 Oil Patch Drive, Devon, Alberta, TOC lEO
Contact: N. Andersen, Assistant Lab Manager, Telephone: (403) 987-8226
Personnel: Total is 24.
Activities:
The Fuel Processing Research Laboratory performs research in coal-cleaning and coal-washery waste clean-up, metallurgical
coal processing for the production of blast-furnace coke, and the separation of bitumen-water emulsions produced during heavyoil extraction processes. The objective of the coal cleaning and waste clean-up programs is to provide the coal industry with
effective and economic technology for the removal of sulphur and ash so as to upgrade product quality to maintain and increase
the Canadian share of the Pacific Rim market. The basic development of concepts is carried out in bench-scale experiments
and developed into engineering design data using the 10 t/hr pilot coal cleaning plant. This pilot plant is unique in Canada and
rare in the world and is frequently used in joint industry/government research programs. New facilities include mobile pilot
plants for the performance of on-site field experiments at both heavy-oil recovery and coal cleaning plant locations.
Facilities:
Mobile Washplants (4 in all); 10 ton per hour pilot plant; 70 barrels per day emulsion treatment plant; Analytical instruments MNR spectromter, FTIR spectrometer. Laser Raman spectrometer, electro-phoretic mobility instrument.
Institute for Sedimentary and Petroleum Geology
3303-33rd Street N.W., Calgary, Alberta, T2L 2A7
Contact: M.A. Petre, Program Officer, Telephone: (613) 995-4214
Personnel: Total is 157.
112
ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES CANADA - (Continued)
Activities:
Geology of sedimentary basins of western and arctic Canada structural geology and model studies, tectonics, geomathematical
resource studies; invertebrate paleontology, palynology, paleobotany, stratigraphy and sedimentology; clay mineralogy, coal geology,
petroleum geology and organic geochemistry. Assessment of petroleum and coal resources, geochemical instrumentation computerbased analyses of geochemical and hydrocarbon coal data.
Facilities:
Computer capabiUty for data storage and evaluation of petroleum, natural gas and coal resources equipment for geochemistry,
clay mineralogy, carbonates, paleontology, palynology labs, electronics shop, and machine shop data processing equipment, cartographic and photographic equipment.
Geophysical Observatory: Priddis
P.O. Box 57, Midnapore, Alberta, TOL IJO
Contact: Dr. J. Popelar, Head - Geodynamics/Geophysics Divisions, Telephone: (613) 992-5419
Personnel: Total is 2.
Activities:
Monitoring of the earth's rotational dynamics and the stability of a primary reference and calibration point for astronomical
and satellite observations. The Observatory contributes data daily to the international time and polar motion services and assures
precise orbit determination for navigational, geodetic and geophysical satellites over Western Canada.
Facilities:
Photographic Zenith Tube (PZT); TRANET SatelUte Tracking Station; HP-1000 Mini-computer and data communication
equipment; Cesium Beam Frequency Standard.
Surface Mining Laboratory
P.O. Bag 1280, # 1 Oil Patch Drive, Devon, Alberta TOC lEO
Contact: D.B. Stewart, Laboratory Manager, Telephone: (403) 987-8238
Personnel: Total is 14.
Activities:
The Surface Mining Laboratory performs research in coal mining in the areas of underground ventilation and control of ground
movement in Western Canadian mines. The Laboratory is the focus of CANMET's national responsibility for coal reserve assessment
as well as the centre for Uaison with the Western coal mining industry. The general objective of the coal mining R&D effort
is the achievement of improved health and safety in underground mining. Investigations are currently underway to correlate
the adventitious production of explosive gases with the schedules of underground production in an hydraulic mine. This investigation is an expansion of previous work which led to the successful development of aerial surveying methods capable of identifying surface movements which responded to the underground production schedules at the same mine. The Laboratory has
also directed feasibiUty studies into the technical problems associated with the introduction of longwall mining into Western
Canada which is, at present, restricted to the Maritime coal mines.
Facilities:
Senturian 200 Mine Monitoring System.
ENVIRONMENT CANADA
Atmospheric Environmental Service: Western Region
Twin Atria Building, 4999-98th Avenue, 2nd Floor, Edmonton, Alberta, T6B 2X3
Contact: Cal Carter, Head - Program Analysis - Estimates, Telephone: (416) 667-4911
Personnel: Total is 257.
Activities:
Provision of meteorological services to the province of Alberta, the Yukon and the western part of the Northwest Territories.
Facilities:
Weather radar; Satellite receiving equipment; Upper atmospheric measurement equipment; Automatic weather stations; Other
meteorological equipment; EDP equipment.
Canadian Wildlife Service - Western and Northern Region
4999-98 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta, T6B 2X3
Contact: G. Kerr, Director, Telephone: (403) 420-2536
Personnel: Total is 88.
113
ENVIRONMENT CANADA - (Continued)
Activities:
Migratory birds conservation; wildlife research and conservation; wildlife management and administration.
Environmental Protection Service: Edmonton
9942-108 Street, Edmonton, Alberta, T5K 2J5
Contact: G. Klassen, Regional Financial Officer, Telephone: (403) 468-8054
Personnel: Total is 82.
Activities:
The objectives of the Environmental Protection Service (EPS) is to ensure that human activities are conducted in a way that
will achieve and maintain a state of the environment necessary for the health and well being of man, the health and diversity
of species and of ecosystems and the sustained use of natural resources for social and economic benefit.
NATIONAL DEFENCE
Defence Research Establishment: Suffield
Ralston, Alberta, TOJ 2N0
Contact: A. Patrick, Program Control Officer, Telephone: (613) 996-5912
Personnel: Total is 178.
Activities:
Defence Research EstabUshment: Suffield (DRES), located at the CFB Suffield, Ralston, Alberta in addition to its laboratories has access to a secure serviced test area of about 1,000 square miles and its programs have a large field testing component.
DRES conducts basic and appUed research on medical and chemical aspects of chemical defence, microbiology, chemical and
biological defence training, aerial targets and RPV's, mine/countermine warfare, military engineering applications, vehicle mobility
research and the disposal of hazardous and toxic materials.
114
REGION-V BRITISH COLUMBIA
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Animal Pathology Laboratory: Vancouver
13-3071 #5 Road, Richmond, British Columbia, V6X 2T4
Contact: Vicki Lauzon, Financial Officer, (613) 995-5433
Personnel: Total is 7.
Activities:
The Laboratory operates primarily as a diagnostic centre by providing serological, bacteriological and virological functions
to support the livestock industry and branch program. Migratory waterfowl are also monitored for the presence of exotic viruses.
Experimental Farm: Prince George
R.R. #8, R.M.D. #6, Prince George, British Columbia, V2N 2H8
Contact: Mr. W.L. Pringle, Superintendent, Telephone: (604) 963-9632
Personnel: Total is 14.
Activities:
Assists the Kamloops Research Station in servicing the diverse rangelands of interior British Columbia.
Pacific Forestry Centre
506 West Burnside Road, Victoria, British Columbia, V8Z 1M5
Contact: W.D. Evans, Regional Finance Officer, Telephone: (604) 388-0685
Activities:
The Centre is engaged in basic and applied research in forestry, technology transfer, negotiation and administration of forestry
agreements and job creation. Research activity is conducted in silviculture, tree physiology, soils hydrology, meterology, forest
fire research, entomology, pathology, remote sensing, herbicides and biological control.
Facilities:
Electron microscope; Image enhancement; VAX 750 computer.
Research Station: Agassiz
P.O. Box 1000, Agassiz, British Columbia, VOM lAO
Contact: Dr. J.E. Miltmore, Director, Telephone: (604) 796-2221
Personnel: Total is 59.
Activities:
Animal Science - General nutrition and management of dairy cattle including development of grazing and cropping systems
for intensive milk production, copper and selenium requirements of cattle and metaboUc interactions with other feed constituents, deposition of yellow fat in pastured steers, nutrition and management of layers, broilers and broiler breeders with a view
to minimizing feed costs and maximizing profits, and product quality nutrition and management studies on rabbits. Crop Science Weed control, fertility, season extension and storage of vegetables, control of fruit rots and weeds in raspberry and strawberries
as well as studies on soil fertility requirements of filberts and raspberries, management and physiology of silage corn, the management
of ornamental and recreational turfgrass, and soil and water management of intensively cultivated wetland soils.
Research Station: Kamloops
3015 Ord Road, Kamloops, British Columbia, V2B 8A9
Contact: Dr. J.A. Robertson, Director, Telephone: (604) 376-5565
Personnel: Total is 28.
Activities:
Specialist Station for range management, range plant ecology and integrated resource management research. Also, cultivated
forage crops, poisonous plants, winter feeding of cattle and rangeland soil fertility. Research is focussed on servicing the beef
industry through development and transfer of technology on forage crops and beef production, as well as studies on bloat, poisonous plants, draught and winter hardiness.
Research Station: Sidney
8801 East Saanich Road, Sidney, British Columbia, V8L 1H3
Contact: Dr. J. Molnar, Director, Telephone: (604) 656-1173
Personnel: Total is 31.
Activities:
The Station has two responsibilities. First it is a research centre oriented to solving problems and giving direct service to the
ornamentals and vegetable industries. Emphasis is placed upon plant nutritional and physiological problems and upon pest
117
AGRICULTURE CANADA - (Continued)
control in vegetables and ornamentals. Research on green house energy conservation is also done here. The second responsibility
of the Station is for the national post-entry quarantine program for Canada.
Research Station: Summerland
Summeriand, British Columbia, VOH IZO
Contact: Dr. G.C. Russell, Director, Telephone: (604) 494-7711
Personnel: Total is 96.
Activities:
Basic and applied research is conducted to solve problems concerned with the tree fruit and grape industries. The principal
areas of research involving various scientific disciplines include: Entomology - Plant Pathology, Food Technology, Pomology
and Viticulture, and Soil Science and Agriculture Engineering.
Research Station: Vancouver
6660 N.W. Marine Drive, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1X2
Contact: Dr. D.M. Weintraub, Director, Telephone: (604) 224-4355
Personnel: Total is 56.
Activities:
The principal centre for plant virus research. Areas of special interest include: physical and chemical characteristics of plant
virus particles, amino acid and nucleotide studies response of plants to virus infection and the mode of action of viruses, plantvirus inhibitors and virus multipUcation, mixed infections and the resolution of complexes and separation of strains, host ranges
and the characterization of plant virus diseases, serology, precipitin, complement fixation, ELISA the use of biotechnology
(monoclonal antibody production, complementary DNA) for plant virus diagnosis, meristem culture and virus-free clones, the
morphology and fine structure of vectors aphids and nematodes as vectors, the physiology of potato diseases. In addition, research
is carried out on bacterial and fungal diseases, and integrated pest management in small fruit and vegetable crops, as well as
an extensive program in small fruit breeding.
ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES CANADA
Cordilleran Geology Division
100 West Pender Street, 6th Floor, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6B 1R8
Contact: M.A. Petre, Program Officer, Telephone: (613) 995-4214
Personnel: Total is 49.
Activities:
Cordilleran Geology Division: Geological problems of the Canadian Cordillera: structure, stratigraphy, sedimentology, paleontology, petrology, geochronology, regional syntheses, volcanology, geothermal studies and others. Metallogeny of the Canadian
Cordillera. Marine Geology Section of CGD:' Marine geology section is located at the Pacific Geoscience Centre. Geological
studies of the Canadian Pacific continental margin: marine bedrock geology and geophysics including relevant onshore studies;
stratigraphy, sedimentology, paleontology, structure, petrology, seismic, magnetics, regional syntheses, coastal geology, geology
of estuaries, offshore surficial deposits, relevant geophysics.
Facilities:
Marine geophysical and geological survey equipment, data processing equipment, equipment for paleontology labs.
Pacific Geoscience Centre
P.O. Box 6000, Sidney, British Columbia, V8L 4B2
Contact: Dr. L.K Law, Research Scientist, Telephone: (604) 656-8438
Personnel: Total is 28.
Activities:
Geological studies of the Canadian Pacific continental margin: marine bedrock geology and geophysics including relevant onshore
studies; stratigraphy, sedimentology, paleontology, structure, petrology, seismic, magnetics, regional syntheses, coastal geology,
geology of estuaries, offshore surficial deposits, relevant geophysics. Electromagnetic induction in the crust. Engineering seismology
studies. Tectonophysics. Strong motion theoretical studies. Application of gravity to geological problems, crustal and upper mantle
structure and isostasy. Geothermal studies. Marine geophysics, including studies of polymetaUic sulphides on the Jaun de Fuca Ridge.
Seismological Observatory: Penticton
P.O. Box 116, Penticton, British Columbia, V2A 1X1
Contact: R.J. Halliday, Manager - Canadian Seismograph Networks, Telephone: (613) 995-5399
Personnel: Total is 1.
118
ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES CANADA - (Continued)
Activities:
This is a station in the Canadian Standard Seismograph Network.
Facilities:
Photographic recording seismographs - including: 3 short-period and 3 long-period Willmore seismometers.
ENVIRONMENT CANADA
Atmospheric Environmental Service: Pacific Region
900-1200 West 73rd Avenue, Bordigan Building, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6P 6G5
Contact: Cal Carter, Head - Program Analysis - Estimates, Telephone: (416) 667-4911
Personnel: Total is 197.
Activities:
Provision of meteorological services to the province of British Columbia.
Facilities:
Satellite receiving equipment; upper atmospheric measurement equipment; automatic weather stations; other meteorological
equipment; EDP equipment.
Canadian Wildlife Service - Pacific and Yukon Region
P.O. Box 340, Delta, British Columbia, V4K 3Y3
Contact: A. Martell, Director, Telephone: (604) 946-8546
Activities:
Migratory birds conservation; wildlife research and conservation.
Environmental Protection Service: Vancouver
Kapilano 100, Park Royal, Vancouver, British Columbia, V7T 1A2
Contact: R.D. Stevens, Director - Program Planning and Administration, Telephone: (604) 666-0048
Personnel: Total is 92.
Activities:
The objective of the Environmental Protection Service (EPS) is to ensure that human activities are conducted in a way that
will achieve and maintain a state of the environment necessary for the health and well being of man, the health and diversity
of species and of ecosystems and the sustained use of natural resources for social and economic benefit.
Facilities:
GC Mass Spectograph; Gas Chromatographs; Atomic Absorption Units; Emission Spetrograph.
Inland Waters Directorate - Pacific and Yukon Region
1001 West Pender Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6E 2M9
Contact: E.M. Clark, Regional Director, Telephone: (604) 666-3357
Personnel: Total is 126.
Activities:
To promote sound management and development of Canada's water resources in keeping with federal responsibilities and
national objectives, including Canada/United States and Interjurisdictional Water Management, Flood Damage Reduction, Water
Quality Management Data, Water Quantity Management Data, Water Management Research, Toxic Chemicals and Environmental
Assessment and Baseline Studies.
FISHERIES AND OCEANS
Fisheries Research Branch - Pacific Region
Hammond Bay Road - P.O. Box 100, Nanaimo, British Columbia, V9R 5K6
Contact: J. Arthur Thomson, Science Co-ordinator, Telephone: (604) 756-7048
Personnel: Total is 215.
119
FISHERIES AND OCEANS - (Continued)
Activities:
Research studies are carried out on fin fish, invertebrate and marine mammal resources, and on their habitats, in support
of the management, protection and enhancement of the resources of Canada's Pacific Coast, including the 200 mile economic
zone. Programs include studies of developmental biology, Ufe history, nutrition, parasites and diseases, behavior, physiology,
endocrinology, genetics, ecology, population dynamics, stock assessments and abundance predictions. Programs on aquaculture,
enhancement of salmon populations and effects of pollutants and physical disturbances (eg., forestry practices) are included.
These research activities are based at the establishment above and at the West Vancouver Laboratory, 4160 Marine Drive, Vancouver, B.C., V7V 1N6.
Facilities:
In house computer system VAX 11780 with PACX communications multiplexor; Research Vessel Fleet: 53 m side trawler G.B.
REED (to be replaced in 1986/87 by 58 m stern ramp trawler W.E. Ricker), 18 m drum seiner CALIGUS, 2 self contained lab
barges with living accommodation, numerous smaller crafts; Salt water fish culture and holding building; Floating net pens (fish
farm); Scanning electron microscope; Experimental hatchery at Rosewall Creek V.I.; Field camp for fish-forestry interaction
studies at Carnation Creek V.I.; Virology and microbiology lab with quarantine and UV filtration systems.
Institute of Ocean Sciences
9860 West Saanich Road, Sidney, British Columbia, V8L 4B2
Contact: Dr C.R. Mann, Director General, OSS - Pacific Region, Telephone: (604) 656-8215
Personnel: Total is 350.
Activities:
The Institute of Ocean Sciences is a centre for oceanographic research and the provision of hydrographic services. The priorities
being addressed are: the prediction of cUmate,fisheriesenhancements, development of coastal marine forecasting, process modeling,
production of charts and navigational information. Oceanographic research encompasses the fields of physics, chemistry and
ecology and is focussed on the coastal waters of British Columbia, the north Pacific Ocean and the western Canadian Arctic.
The Hydrographic Service conducts field surveys to provide information in the form of charts, tide and current tables, sailing
directions, etc. for the coastal waters of British Columbia, the western Arctic and the navigable fresh waters west of the Manitoba
border. Coastal oceanography examines the processes of flushing and mixing, circulation and water transport on the coast and
continental shelf. Studies in the channels and confined waters are related to biological productivity, transport and dispersion
of pollutants and nutrients. Long term studies investigate the physical, chemical and biological parameters in the northeast Pacific
and the yariability of the circulation of the Alaskan gyre. Arctic oceanography is conducted in the Beaufort Sea, the waters
of the Canadian Arctic archipelago and adjacent waters of the Arctic Ocean. Studies are concerned with the seasonal circulation
of Arctic fjords and continental shelf: the dynamics of sea-ice; the processes of ice growth and decay and the air/ice/water energy
budget. Theoretical studies, remote sensing and numerical modelling forms an integral part of the foregoing studies. Chemical
oceanographic studies relate to trace heavy metals in the marine environment, hydrocarbon pollution and the global carbon dioxide
budget. In the field of ecology plankton and benthic invertebrate distribution and ecology are studied in relation to production,
physical forcing mechanisms, pollution and ocean dumping. Marine environmental data review and assessment, marine
climatological data studies, data compilation and quality assessment are undertaken as part of an ocean information service.
Facilities:
(i) Four large vessels ranging from 69 metres to 20 metres, one of which is rated Ice Class I. One submersible at 6 metres
and 27 launches and smaller vessels under 10 metres, (ii) Sperry 110060 computer utilizing a Sperry DCP20 front end communication
processor which allows high speed computer graphics and protocol flow control to intelligent devices. VAX 780785 (iii) A water
tunnel of overall length 10.5 metres has a laminar floe working section of 1.3 metres length and 30 cm by 30 cm cross section.
Flow speeds can be obtained within the range of 0 to 12 metres per second. Internal pressure can be adjusted to permit the lid
of the working section to be removed exposing the free water surface, (iv) An acoustic calibration facility and a high pressure
testing faciUty for small equipment, (v) A towing tank 0.5 metres wide, 1 metre deep and 10 metres in length.
NATIONAL DEFENCE
Defence Research Establishment: Pacific
FMO Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, VOS IBO
Contact: A. Patrick, Program Control Officer, Telephone: (613) 996-5912
Personnel: Total is 140.
Activities:
Defence Research Establishment: Pacific (DREP), located in Victoria is concerned primarily with research related to the problems of anti-submarine detection in the North Pacific and in the Arctic Archipelago, including research in the areas of underwater acoustics, magnetics, and fluid dynamics, and with materials research.
120
NATIONAL DEFENCE - (Continued)
Facilities:
Research Vessel - CFAV Endeavour.
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA
Division of Mechanical Engineering - see also National Research Council of Canada (Eastern Ontario) for additional information.
Tribology and Applied Mechanics Laboratory - Western Laboratories
3650 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6S 2L2
Contact: C. Dayson, Telephone: (604) 666-2623
Activities:
The Laboratory specializes in scaled tests that simulate end-use conditions of friction and wear in the materials and
components of mechanical systems which involve sliding, roIUng, and impact motion. Laboratory experiments are carried out both to solve practical problems and to research the fundamentals of wear, friction, and lubrication processes.
These are complemented where appropriate with field testing and theoretical modelling. Experiments are conducted
on brake friction in a vacuum; rolling contact wear of railway wheels and rails; sliding wear of gas-turbine seal materials;
impact fretting wear of metals; and boundary lubrication effectiveness of oils and lubricant additives for machine tool
ways. Studies are undertaken of steady state and dynamic characteristics of fluid film bearings, and the development
of lubrication systems or such bearings.
The Laboratory also performs work in the development and assessment of novel mechanical devices suitable for smallscale, decentralized economic development, such as equipment for farming and logging operations.
Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics - see also National Research Council of Canada (Eastern Ontario) for additional information.
Dominion Astrophysical Observatory
5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, British Columbia, V8X 4M6
Contact: J.E. Hesser, Telephone: (604) 388-0007
Activities:
The Observatory operates as a national centre for optical astronomy, conducting in-house basic research into the
astrophysics of stars and stellar systems, while supporting similar programs for visiting research scientists.
The faciUties of the Observatory include a 1.85 m Cassegrain with spectrograph giving dispersions of 10 to 120 Amm
using a three-stage image tube, a reticon light detector or a pulse-counting Shectograph, and a 1.22 m coud^ telescope
with high dispersion spectrographs and a variety of detectors, plus a radial-velocity spectrometer. Mechanical and electronic laboratories support instrumentation development.
Data reduction facilities comprise a PDS microdensitometer, Vicom and Parallax image displays, and a computer
network consisting of a VAX 11780, three Microvax II machines, and an Alliant FXl, all with associated software
for the analysis of spectroscopis and direct astronomical images. With this equipment, the Observatory operates a Data
Centre for the archiving and reduction of astronomical data obtained from space. Software is also available for the
design and testing of optical systems.
An extensive astronomical library operates as a branch of the Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (CISTI).
Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory
P.O. Box 248, Penticton, British Columbia, V2A 6K4
Contact: L.A. Higgs, Telephone: (604) 497-5321
Personnel: Total is 23.
Activities:
The Observatory maintains and operates, both as a national facility and for in-house research, a radio-astronomy
observatory whose major instruments are a spectroscopic synthesis telescope and a 26 m parabolic antenna. A modern
image-analysis facility is maintained and developed to match user needs. Research is generally in the area of the galactic
interstellar medium, especially supernova remnants and regions of star formation. Development of new instrumentation and data processing methods play major roles in Observatory activities. Routine measurements of solar emission
at 10.7 cm are made as a service to the international scientific community.
121
REGION-X NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES CANADA
Geophysical Observatory: Alert
Alert, Northwest Territories, XOA 1X1
Contact: R.J. Halliday, Manager - Canadian Seismograph Networks, Telephone: (613) 995-5399
Personnel: Total is 1.
Activities:
This Observatory contains a station in the Canadian standard seismograph network and a station in the Canadian Magnetic
Observatory Network.
Facilities:
Photographic and electronic recording equipment - including: 3 long-period and 3 short-period Willmore seismometers; AMOS
MKII digital magnetic observatory with fluxgate and photon precession magnetometer.
Geophysical Observatory: Mould Bay
Mould Bay, Northwest Territories, XOA 1X1
Contact: R.J. Halliday, Manager - Canadian Seismograph Networks, Telephone: (613) 995-5399
Personnel: Total is 1.
Activities:
This Observatory comprises a station in the Canadian Standard Seismograph Network and a station in the Canadian Magnetic
Observatory Network.
Facilities:
Photographic and electronic recording equipment - including: 3 long-period and 3 short-period Willmore seismometers; AMOS
MKII digital magnetic observatory with fluxgate and photon precession magnetometer.
Geophysical Observatory: Resolute
Resolute, Northwest Territories, XOA 1X1
Contact: R.J. Halliday, Manager - Canadian Seismograph Networks, Telephone: (613) 995-5399
Personnel: Total is 1.
Activities:
This Observatory contains a station in the Canadian Regional Seismograph Network and a station in the Canadian Magnetic
Observatory Network.
Facilities:
Electronic recording equipment including: 1 short-period vertical seismometer; 1 long-period vertical seismometer; 2 pre-amplifiers;
2 helicorders; AMOS MKII digital magnetic observatory with fluxgate and proton precession magnetometer.
Geophysical Observatory: Yellowknife
P.O. Box 51, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, XIA 1X1
Contact: Dr. R.G. North, Research Scientist, Telephone: (613) 992-5038
Personnel: Total is 3.
Activities:
This Observatory contains a station in the Canadian Standard Seismograph Network and a station in the Canadian Magnetic
Observatory Network. The Observatory also operates the Yellowknife array of seismometers which is used in monitoring nuclear
explosions.
Facilities:
Electronic and photographic recording equipment - including: High dynamic range broad band seismic sensors and digitizers,
digital radio telemetry equipment, state-of-the-art computers and laser optical disk storage, satellite telemetry dish; 3 short-period
Willmore MKII seismometers, 3 Tinsley galvanometers, 3 long-period Columbian seismometers, 3 long-period Lehner and Griffiths galvanometers; AMOS MKII digital magnetic observatory with fluxgate and proton precession magnetometer.
INDIAN AND NORTHERN AFFAIRS CANADA
Analysis - Nanisivik
P.O. Box 1500, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, XIA 2R3
Contact: A. Cullen, Regional Manager - Water Resources, Telephone: (403) 920-8240
Personnel: Total is 1.
125
INDIAN AND NORTHERN AFFAIRS CANADA - (Concluded)
Activities:
A study was initiated in 1975 to determine the concentrations of lead, zinc and sodium in sediment and marine biota near
Nanisivik. A similar study was initiated in the vicinity of Polaris in 1981. The work was conducted by DFO and partially funded
by NAP N.W.T Region. Funding in 1983/84 was in payment for analysis, data reductions and preparation for samples collected
in 1981 at both Polaris and Nanisivik. Studies continued in 1984/85 by DIAND looked at Cd, Pb and Zn particulate fluxes
and seawater concentrations on Strathcona Sound over the winter - spring season. DIAND funded DFO in 1985 to study heavy
metal concentrations in ringed seals from Strathcona Sound and Admiralty Inlet. Copies of both reports are available.
Eastern Arctic Scientific Resource Centre
Igloolik, Northwest Territories, XOA OLO
Contact: Mr. J. Macdonald, Scientist in Charge, Telephone: (819) 934-8836
Personnel: Total is 3.
Activities:
The Scientific Resource Centre is used to support seasonal research and for continous research by four government departments. Current projects being undertaken include Seismology, Climatology, and Geomagnetism. Information collected is used
by DIAND, DOE, DFO, and EMR.
Facilities:
Includes a micro-computer, basic instrumentation, as well as special equipment for data collection on air pollution, geomagnetic
variation, cUmatology and seismology.
Flood Damage Reduction Program
P.O. Box 1500, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, XIA 2R3
Contact: B. Latham, Regional Hydrologist, Telephone: (403) 920-8251
Personnel: Total is 1.
Activities:
N.W.T version of national program to reduce flood damage by mapping and restructing further development in flood prone
areas. Hay River was designated in 1984; Fort Good Hope, Fort Simpson, Fort Macpherson and AKlavik, followed in 1985;
Fort Liard, Nahanni Butte and Fort Norman are scheduled for 1987 and Tuktoyaktuk in early 1988.
126
FUNDING ESTABLISHMENTS
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Grains Group
235 Queen Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0G2
Contact: R.H.M. Cathcart, Executive Secretary, Telephone: (613) 995-7127
Personnel: Total is 58.
Activities:
Marketing: Study and development of more effective and economic methods for moving, storing, processing and selling Canadian grains and oilseeds, development and administration of programs for preparing production guidelines, establishment of
initial payments for Canadian Wheat Board grains, provision of marketing and industrial development assistance, and participation in the work of international and domestic organizations concerning grains and oilseeds, the operation of the office of the
Minister of State for the Canadian Wheat Board and the special group on grains. Grains Payments: Payments to the Canadian
Wheat Board of interest on cash advances on farm stored grain made to producers in Western Canada, reimbursement to the
Canadian Wheat Board when grain producers default on repayment of cash advances, under terms of the Prairie Grain Advance
Payments Act, reimbursements to the Canadian Wheat Board where necessary under the terms of the Canadian Wheat Board
Act for deficits incurred on the Canadian Wheat Board pool accounts, and payments in connection with the Western Grain
Stabilization Act.
Production Development Directorate - New Crop Development Fund
200 Sacre Coeur Boulevard, Hull, Quebec, J8X 4C6
Contact: J. Vandenberg, Program Manager - Crop Development Section, Telephone: (613) 994-0086
Personnel: Total is 8.
Activities:
The New Crop Development Fund (NCDF) is intended to focus on projects which attempt to demonstrate the commercial
potential of new crops, new varieties, new technology and/or new production practices to a region. The Fund is intended to
be flexible enough to respond to developments in research, technology and market conditions. Eligible applicants are commercial
organizations, industrial or producer organizations, universities or other non-profit organizations and provincial or territorial
agencies. Assistance is in the form of financial contributions which are subject to specified conditions and management advice
for the project. Proprietary rights to the results of any research accrues to the Crown.
CANADIAN INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCY
200 Promenade du Portage, Place du Centre, Hull, Quebec, KIA 0G4
Contact: D.R. Warner, Planning Support Officer, Telephone: (819) 994-4227
Personnel: Total is 1,151.
Activities:
The objective of CIDA is to facilitate the efforts of the peoples of developing countries to achieve self-sustainable economic
and social development in accordance with their needs and environment, by cooperating with them in development activities
and to provide humanitarian assistance thereby contributing to Canada's political and economic interest abroad in promoting
social justice, international stability and long-term economic relationships, for the benefit of the global community.
DEPARTMENT OF REGIONAL INDUSTRIAL EXPANSION
235 Queen Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0H5
Contact: R. Patterson, Liaison Technology Officer, Telephone: (613) 954-5520
Personnel: Total is 237.
Activities:
Provide for the administration of the grant-contribution programs which provide financial assistance to extramural performers.
ENVIRONMENT CANADA
Federal Environmental Assessment Review Office (FEARO)
200 Sacr6-Coeur Boulevard, Hull, Quebec, KIA 0H3
Contact: Gorden Beanlands, Director of Research, Telephone: (902) 424-7044
Personnel: Total is 2.
129
ENVIRONMENT CANADA - (Continued)
Activities:
FEARO administers the expenditure of $500,000 research funds on the advice of CEARC. Research monies are directed towards
the improvement of the scientific, technical, procedural and administrative bases for environmental impact assessment in Canada.
HEALTH AND WELFARE CANADA
Health Services and Promotion Program
Jeanne Mance Building, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 1B4
Contact: Denis Cadieux, Acting Financial Planning Officer, Telephone: (613) 991-4206
Personnel: Total is 284.
Activities:
The Health Services and Promotion Program (NHW), primarily administers scientific activities carried out extramurally. It
supports studies, research, demonstration projects and special health care projects, and provides fellowships for research training
and support for a Umited number of career scientists, all in the areas of enquiry related to the Department's responsibilities.
INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH CENTRE
60 Queen Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIG 3H9
Activities:
To initiate, encourage, support and conduct research into the problems of the developing regions of the world and into the
means of applying and adapting scientific, technical and other knowledge to the economic and social advancement of those regions.
Development Research: Support for research in agriculture, food and nutrition, in health, in social sciences, in information research,
as well as support for a program aimed at the development of human resources. Research Related Activities: Activities designed
to identify and develop research projects, to disseminate research findings and support the research library of the Centre. Cooperative
Programs: Support for joint research activities between Canadian and Third World institutions in areas where Canada has research
and development expertise.
INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION
Canadian Secretariat
100 Metcalfe Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIP 5M1
Contact: Peter G. Meloche, Financial Services Officer, Telephone: (613) 995-2984
Personnel: Total is 24.
Activities:
Payment of Canada's share of joint studies, surveys and investigations under international references - Coordination of the
work in international investigating boards; supervision of international boards of control established by the Commission; and
payment of residual expenditures for surveys and investigations.
MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA
20th Floor, Jeanne Mance Building, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0W9
Contact: Mr. Guy D'Aloisio, Chief - Financial Services, Telephone: (613) 593-7865
Personnel: Total is 53.
Activities:
The Council's objective is to promote and assist basic, appUed, and clinical research in the health sciences and to support
the training and development of research manpower, with the intention of helping to attain the quality and scale of research
essential to the maintenance and improvement of health services. Having no laboratories of its own, the Council seeks to fulfill
its mandate through the support of health science research and research training carried out primarily in faculties of medicine,
dentistry, pharmacy, nursing, and veterinary medicine and their affiliated hospitals and institutes across Canada. Through its
grants-in-aid program, funds for the direct costs of research are provided for research projects, the purchase of major
130
MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL PF CANADA - (Continued)
equipment, and the operation and maintenance of shared facilities. Special programs have been designed for the support of collaborative and interdisciplinary research, for the stimulation of research in particular fields or in the application of biotechnology,
and for the development of a more adequate research base in designated faculties. Through its manpower support programs,
salary support is provided for a limited number of outstanding independent academic investigators, and for a limited number
of highly qualified candidates undertaking full-time research training at the undergraduate level (summer students), at the predoctoral
level (graduate students), or after having obtained an M.D., D.D.S., D.V.M., Pharm.D., or Ph.D. degree (postdoctoral fellows).
Other programs afford opportunities for collaboration and exchange of information between Canadian scientists and their colleagues in Canada and abroad, and support the costs of workshops and symposia designed to address specific questions of importance
to research in the health sciences in Canada and to reach a consensus on recommendations or conclusions.
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA
Industry Development Office
Building M-55, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0R6
Contact: W.M. Coderre, Executive Manager, Telephone: (613) 993-0695
Personnel: Total is 125.
Activities:
NRC's Industry Development Office (IDO) provides formal programs and channels for interaction between government and
university laboratories and specialized technology centres, on one hand, and industrial firms on the other. Its particular goal
is to generate and apply technical know-how and information in Canadian industry. The major element of IDO is the Industrial
Research Assistance Program (IRAP). IRAP is a federal government program established to increase economic growth in Canada
by encouraging research and development and by increasing the use of science and technology. Typical work ranges from assistance
in solving manufacturing difficulties, for which the IRAP officers can indicate a proven solution, to encouraging a major R&D
project involving a dozen or more company researchers for several years. Through IRAP, the scientific, technical, and management resources of NRC and other federal government research organizations assist industry to increase its R&D and to use available
technology more effectively. Various provincial research organizations collaborate with the IRAP office to complement and enhance
federal/provincial resources and to enable IRAP services to be effectively deUvered across Canada. Under existing arrangements,
staff members of the participating provincial research organizations provide services in conjunction with NRC field staff. In
order to be readily accessible to clients, IRAP field Offices and Technical Information Services are located in every province
in Canada. IRAP also operates a laboratory network to make federal government research results and knowledge available to
Canadian industry. A list of Lab network contacts, IRAP field offices and contacts follows.
IRAP LABORATORY NETWORK
GENERAL MANAGER
J.D. Robar
(613) 993-0357
PROJECT MANAGERS'
INTERNATIONAL
TECHNOLOGY
TRANSFER
BIOTECHNOLOGY/
AGRICULTURE/
FOOD
J. Jaffray
J. Cunningham
N. Dinovitzer
J.F. Rollefson
NFORMATICS/
ELECTRONICS
MATERIALS/
ADVANCED
MANUFACTURING
D.G.T. Cooper
J.D. Robar
M. Lofthouse
A. Albagli
J.F. Jaworski
N. Simard-Duquesne
T.S. Walker
A.A. DeLuca
R. Adams
D. Colley
D.R. Fewer
D.V. Sulway
J.A. Hunter
M. Zevy
J.T.D. Bradshaw
J. Chander
G. Dupont
S.N. Khanna
D.W. Laurie-Lean
131
IRAP FIELD OFFICES
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Vancouver
National Research Council Canada
3650 Wesbrook Mall
Vancouver, British Columbia
V6S 2L2
National Research Council Canada
Construction Technology
3650 Wesbrook Mall
Vancouver, British Columbia
V6S 2L2
Desmond Mullan
(604) 666-7244
Alan Toon
(604) 666-8047
Burnaby
National Research Council Canada
c/o Simon Eraser University
Administration Building, Room AB-3155
Burnaby, British Columbia
V5A 1S6
Inglis Edwards
(604) 666-8280
ALBERTA
Edmonton
National Research Council Canada
P.O. BOX 8330
Postal Station " F "
Edmonton, Alberta
T6H 5X2
Calgary
National Research Council Canada
6815 - 8th Street N.E.
3rd Floor
Calgary, Alberta
T2E 7H7
(To be named)
(403) 450-5451
Andrew Gilliland
(403) 297-2600
SASKATCHEWAN
Saskatoon
National Research Council Canada
15 Innovation Boulevard
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
S7N 2X8
Ted Sipos
(306) 975-4702
MANITOBA
Winnipeg
National Research Council Canada
Industrial Technology Centre
1329 Niakwa Road East
Winnipeg, Manitoba
R2J 3T4
Roger Clarke
(204) 945-6133
132
Regina
National Research Council Canada
T.C. Douglas Building
3475 Albert Street
Regina, Saskatchewan
S4S 6X6
Horst Plaenksken
(306) 780-6964
ONTARIO
Toronto
Mississauga
National Research Council Canada
200 Town Centre Court, Suite 1101
Scarborough, Ontairo
MIP 4X8
National Research Council Canada
Sheridan Park Research Community
Mississauga, Ontario
L5K IB3
John Ratz
(416) 973-4483
(416) 973-4487
Roy Crew
(416) 822-4111 Ext. 566
London
Ottawa
National Research Council Canada
Federal Building
457 Richmond Street, Room 402
London, Ontario
N6A 3E3
Roy Carrigan
(519) 679-5279
National Research Council Canada
c/o Algonquin College
,200 Lees Avenue, Room 3205A
Ottawa, Ontario
KIS 0C5
Stephen Palmer
(613) 993-3996
Waterloo
Welland
National Research Council Canada
c/o University of Waterloo
Needles Hall, Room 3015
Waterloo, Ontario
N2L 3G1
National Research Council Canada
c/o Niagara College
Woodlawn Road, P.O. Box 1005
Welland, Ontario
L3B 5S2
Ernest Davison
(519) 888-4049
Nick Pisano
(416) 735-2211
Windsor
National Research Council Canada
c/o University of Windsor
Innovation House, Room 200
Windsor, Ontario
N9B 3P4
Klass Tebbens
(519) 252-3380
QUEBEC
Montreal
Quebec
Conseil national de recherches Canada
a/s Edifice du CRIQ
8475, Christophe-Colomb, pice E-58
Montreal, Quebec
H2M 2N9
Conseil national de recherches Canada
333, rue Franquet
C.P. 9038
Sainte-Foy, Quebec
GIV 4C7
Dave Ellis
(514) 283-8231
Claude Desaulniers
(418) 648-3419
Jonquiere
Rimouski
Conseil national de recherches Canada
a/s Centre de production automatis^e
2505, rue Saint-Hubert
Jonquifere, Quebec
G7X 7W2
Conseil national de recherches Canada
300, av. des Ursulines, pice D-325
Rimouski, Quebec
G5L 3A1
Norbert Bouchard
(418) 542-4668
Jacques Daoust
(418) 722-3155
133
Sherbrooke
Trois-Rivieres
Conseil national de recherches Canada
a/s Universite de Sherbrooke
Pavilion central. Local 0-43
2500, boulevard Universite
Sherbrooke, Quebec
JIK 2R1
Conseil national de recherches Canada
a/s Universite du Quebec a Trois-Rivieres
3351, boul. des Forges, Local 2063-G
C.P. 500
Trois-Rivieres, Quebec
G9A 5H7
Robert Simard
(514) 565-4825
Philippe Grondin
(819) 376-5442
NEW BRUNSWICK
Fredericton
National Research Council Canada
College Hill Road
P.O. Box 6000
Fredericton, New Brunswick
E3B 5H1
Moncton
Robert Bourdage
(506) 459-8462
Yves Daigle
(506) 857-6147
Conseil national de recherches Canada
a/s Universite de Moncton
Faculte de Sciences et du Genie
Moncton, New Brunswick
ElA 3E9
Saint John
National Research Council Canada
CO University of New Brunswick
P.O. Box 217, Room A-4
Saint John, New Brunswick
E2L 3Y2
Garry Hartle
(506) 648-4361
NOVA SCOTIA
Dartmouth
Halifax
National Research Council Canada
100 Fenwick Street
P.O. Box 790
Dartmouth, Nova Scotia
B2Y 3Z7
National Research Council Canada
Construction Technology
5685 Leeds Street, Roon CI 10
P.O. Box 548, Station " M "
Halifax, Nova Scotia
B3J 2R7
Eraser Sutherland
(902) 426-3138
David Scott
(902) 426-8255
PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
Charlottetwon
National Research Council Canada
35 First Avenue
West Royalty Industrial Park
Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island
CIA IBO
William Murphy
(902) 566-7642
134
NEWFOUNDLAND
St. John's
National Research Council Canada
Viking Building
136 Crosbie Road
St. John's, Newfoundland
AlB 3K3
Gordon Cross
(709) 772-5228
NATURAL SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA
200 Kent Street, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 1H5
Contact: Ken Mintha, Head of Accounting Operations, Telephone: (613) 995-5799
Personnel: Total is 148.
Activities:
To promote and support the development and maintenance of research and the provision of highly qualified manpower in
the natural sciences and engineering.
135
ADMINISTRATIVE ESTABLISHMENTS
AGRICULTURE CANADA
Administrative Office: Atlantic Region
1888 Brunswick Street, Suite 512, HaUfax, Nova Scotia, B3J 3J8
Personnel: Total is 7.
Activities:
This is the central administrative office for the Atlantic Region and provides direction for research in response to regional
needs, and to the agri-food strategy and the Department as outlined by the Deputy Minister and the Assistant Deputy Minister
(Research).
Administrative Office: Ontario Region
K.W. Neatby Building, Carling Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA OC6
Personnel: Total is 13.
Activities:
This is the central administrative office for the Ontario Region and provides direction for research in response to regional
needs, and to the challenge of the agri-food strategy and the Department, as outline by the Deputy Minister and the Assistant
Deputy Minister (Research).
Administrative Office: Pacific Region
Room 550, Centennial Building, 750 Gamble Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6B 4T5
Personnel: Total is 7.
Activities:
This is the central administrative office for the Pacific Region and provides direction of research in response to regional needs,
and to the chaUenges of the agri-food strategy and the Department, as outlined by the Deputy Minister and the Assistant Deputy
Minister (Research).
Administrative Office: Prairie Region
Room 401, 1955 Smith Street, Regina, Saskatchewan, S4P 2N8
Personnel: Total is 15.
Activities:
This is the central administrative office or the prairie region and provides direction for research in response to regional needs,
and to the challenges of the agri-food strategy and the Department, as outUne by the Deputy Minister and the Assistant Deputy
Minister (Research).
Administrative Office: Quebec Region
Guy Favreau Complex, Suite 1002-R, East Tower, 200 Dorchester Street West, Montreal, Quebec, H2Z 1Y3
Personnel: Total is 8.
Activities:
This is the central administrative office for the Quebec Region and provides direction for research in response to regional
needs, and to the Department as outlined by the Deputy Minister and the Assistant Deputy Minister (Research).
Canadian Forestry Service Program
351, St Joseph Boulevard, 3rd floor, HuU, Quebec, KIA 0C5
Contact: Jean Duguay, Financial Analyst, Telephone: (613) 997-1107 - Extension 9224
Personnel: Total is 1,286.
Activities:
The objective of the Canadian Forestry Service Program is to promote and enhance the sustained economic utilization of Canada's
forest resources through environmentally sound forest management and to enhance the social and economic benefits derived
from publicly and privately owned forests and from related activities in Canada.
Development Policy Directorate
930 CarUng Avenue, Room 389, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0C5
Contact: Helen MacDonald, Administration Officer, Telephone: (613) 995-9554
Personnel: Total is 70.
Activities:
The provision of analysis and advice required as a basis for establishing federal policies and initiatives that promote regional
production and resource development in the primary sector.
139
Institute Headquarters
K.W. Neatby Building, Cading Avene, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA OC6
Personnel: Total is 3.
Activities:
This Office is responsible for administration of the research programs of the Institutes which are centres of scientific expertise
oriented to national needs. Institutes objectives are formulated in response to the challenges of the agri-food strategy and the
Department as outline by the Deputy Minister and the Assistant Deputy Minister (Research).
Libraries Division
Sir John CarUng Building, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA OC5
Contact: Oleh Chumak, Planning and Co-ordination Officer, Telephone: (613) 995-7829
Personnel: Total is 91.
Activities:
Management and Administration - Offices of the Minister, Deputy Minister and Central Support Services including administration, data processing, finance, internal audit, personnel, management services and Ubraries.
Research Branch Headquarters
930 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA OC5
Personnel: Total is 52.
Activities:
The Research Branch Headquarters in Ottawa comprises the offices of the Assistant Deputy Minister Research, the Program
Coordination Directorate and the Administration Division, and carries the responsibility for formulation and implementation
and the Research Branch Strategies and operational plans.
Research Program Service
K.W. Neatby Building, Cariing Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA OC6
Personnel: Total is 45.
Activities:
Research Program Service supports research and development in the Branch by maintaining computerized scientific and technical
information systems, providing publication services, and administering Branch awards and international scientific exchange programs. The Service is divided into four sections: Administration, which contains the Awards, Branch liaison, and Text Word
Processing units; Graphics, which contains the Art and Design and the Photography units; Scientific Editing, which contains
the English and French editing units; and Scientific Information retrieval, which contains the Biocontrol, Systems, Pesticides,
and Inventory units.
Systems and Consulting Directory
Sir John CarUng Building, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0C5
Contact: Mike Afelskie, Chief - Administration, Telephone: (613) 993-7791
Personnel: Total is 138.
Activities:
Management and Administration - Offices of the Minister, Deputy Minister and Central Support Services including administration, data processing, finance, internal audit, personnel, management services and libraries.
DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATIONS
Communications - Headquarters
Journal Tower, North Building, Ottawa, Ontario, K2H 8S5
Contact: Daryl Leitch, Financial Analyst, Telephone: (613) 990-5665
Personnel: Total is 184.
Activities:
To improve and extend communications services available to Canadians by: formulating policies for telecommunications in
Canada; increasing the scientific and technical expertise of government, industry and the scientific community in the fields of
telecommunications and informatics; and promoting the development and exploitation of advanced technologies in the fields
of telecommunications and informatics by Canadian industry, both for domestic and world markets.
140
ENVIRONMENT CANADA
Management and Administration Branch - Rare and Endangered Species
Canadian Wildlife Services - 1725 Woodward Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0E7
Contact: J. Heppes, C.I.T.E.S. Administrator, Telephone: (613) 953-1411
Personnel: Total is 3.
Activities:
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITIES); administration and regulation
of international trade in endangered species of live animals and plants as well as their respective parts and derivatives.
National Wildlife Research Centre - Administration
100 Gamelin Boulevard, Hull, Quebec, KIA 0E7
Contact: T. Keith, Director, Telephone: (819) 997-1244
Personnel: Total is 1.
Activities:
Administration and financial support for the National Wildlife Research Centre.
Systems and Informatics Directorate
5th Floor, Place Vincent Massey, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 1C7
Contact: Alan W. Douglas, Director - Application Software and Quantitative Methods Branch,
Telephone: (613) 997-8810
Personnel: Total is 64.
Activities:
The Directorate provides advice and assistance to any organization of the department in the areas of applied mathematical
statistics and other quantitative methods. As well, it provides services in scientific computing and in the development, maintenance,
data entry and producdon aspects of scientific computer-based information systems.
Facilities:
In-house Data General MV 10,000 and MV8,000 computers, IBM, PC and Olivetti microcomputers.
HEALTH AND WELFARE CANADA
Program Administration
Brooke Claxton Building, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0L2
Contact: D.F. MacDonald, Head - Budgets and Financial Analysis, Telephone: (613) 957-1046
Personnel: Total is 239.
Activities:
Provides scientific support to operating directorates, specifically animal resources, library and visual communications.
INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION
Great Lakes Regional Office
100 Ouellette Avenue, Windsor, Ontario, N9A 6T3
Contact: Marilyn Procyk, Acting Administrative Officer, Telephone: (519) 256-7821
Personnel: Total is 23.
Activities:
Responsibilities under the Canada/United States Agreement on Great Lakes Water QuaUty - Surveillance monitoring, coordination and assistance to the Governments in implementation of the Agreement, operation of the regional Office under costsharing arrangements with the United States, and furnishing support to the Great Lakes Water Quality Board and the Science
Advisory Board.
MINISTRY OF STATE FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
240 Sparks Street, C D . Howe Building, 8th Floor, Room 844-G, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA lAl
Contact: Mr. Adam Holbrook, Manager, Data Intelligence Branch, Telephone: (613) 998-0486
Personnel: Total is 108.
141
MINISTRY OF STATE FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY - (Continued)
Activities:
Ministry of State for Science and Technology (MOSST) has responsibility for the development, assessment and the formulation of policy and the provision of advice to the government on science and technology policy. MOSST also advises the government on the coordination of federal science and technology activities and, to this end, works closely with other federal departments
and agencies. As the central agency responsible for science and technology policy, MOSST maintains close contacts with the
university community and with industry.
NATIONAL DEFENCE
Canadian Forces Environmental Medical Establishment
P.O. Box 2000, Downsview, Ontario, M3M 3B9
Contact: A. Patrick, Program Control Officer, Telephone: (613) 996-5912
Personnel: Total is 80.
Activities:
Canadian Forces Environmental Medical Establishment (CFEME) is a military unit stationed with DCIEM. It does not perform research and development per se but works with DCIEM.
Chief Research and Development Headquarters
101 Colonel By Drive, 19NT, Ottawa, Ontario, KIA 0K2
Contact: A. Patrick, Program Control Officer, Telephone: (613) 996-5912
Personnel: Total is 130.
Activities:
Chief Research and Development Headquarters (CRADHQ) is responsible for the overall conduct of the R&D Program. It
is responsible for ensuring that knowledge of actual and anticipated advances in science and technology is available to support
departmental decisions in scientific and engineering applications. It provides an interface between defence R&D activities and
the rest of the NDHQ and the Canadian Forces.
142
REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT S&T ESTABLISHMENTS,
1985-86
Z H o
C X 9i.
3 "So
(0 C CT
3 ^ C
5-a
00 -0 -n
in (D (D
A, -< Q.
S2 "* n>
Oi o -!{
5 en 1
3 0)^
<^ en 5.
(D O
~ O
3
3
3
g N W
>^
00
CO r^
m
ro lo
i_
Table 1. Staff and Expenditures of Scientific Establishments Performing Natural Science Activities, by Region, 1985-86
Natural sciences
Intramural expenditures
Staff
Region
$ millions
Person-years
Newfoundland
Prince Edward Island
Nova Scotia
New Brunswick
Quebec (excl. Hull)
Ontario (excl. Ottawa)
National Capital Region
Manitoba
Saskatchewan
Alberta
British Columbia
Yukon and Northwest Territories
TOTAL
Total
R&D
Total
R&D
286
119
1,115
467
1,569
3,352
6,138
1,321
621
955
1,093
20
481
132
1,628
618
2,171
4,454
9,796
1,699
710
1,439
1,642
141
30.9
6.8
77.4
3.0
184.5
190.3
397.7
81.1
41.9
73.3
101.2
3.5
46.5
7.2
112.8
39.3
241.4
313.8
615.5
101.2
48.1
100.6
145.3
23.0
17,056
24,911
1,218.6
1,794.7
Table 2. Staff of Scientific Establishments Performing Natural Science Activities, by Department
and by Region, 1985-86
Department or
agency
Nfld.
P.E.I.
N.S.
N.B.
Que.
(excl.
Hull)
Ont.
(excl.
Ottawa)
N.C.R.
1,455
14
Man.
Sask.
Alta.
B.C.
Y.T.
Total
&
.W.T.
Person-years
AGR
AECB
AECL
CMHC
CIDA
COMM
CCA
EMR
ENV
F&O
lAND
IDRC
IJC
MRC
NCC
NDEF
NEB
NFB
NHW
NMC
NRC
NSERC
PW
RIE
RCMP
102
113
159
294
487
745
_
-
-
-
-
2
1,640
2
-
-
-
-
59
83
221
14
-
140
203
819
1
112
201
1
550
164
31
1,298
203
-
_
_
_
_
_
23
436
-
-
210
-
597
-
-
-
-
8
_
182
_
_
-
16
4
11
7
40
30
-
-
-
-
81
3
481
132
1,628
618
2,171
4,454
9,796
59
_
1
_
_
86
_
_
3
_
_
4
39
SS
146
101
24
54
7
262
6
1,243
354
2,811
148
45
93
3
11
1
5
21
_
SECS
TOTAL
400
1
_
6
183
-
5,148
14
607
1
_
212
435
- ,
425
1
74
356
544
_
-
178
-
3
_
139
-
_
9
13
_
_
-
_
115
5
_
_
-
_
2
4
_
_
-
93
7
_
-
3
1,699
710
1,439
1,642
141
2,562
5
115
18
ST
TPT
18
16
347
258
2,147
77
275
361
922
_
1
252
141
25
16
406
258
2,618
3,678
2,568
18
104
47
54
7
1,822
6
8
1,247
354
3,400
148
45
233
3
11
1
5
105
24,911
Table 3. Expenditures of Scientific Establishments Performing Natural Science Activities, by Department and
by Region, 1985-86
Department or
agency
NM.
P.E.I.
N.S.
N.B.
Que.
(excl.
Hull)
Ont.
(excl.
Ottawa)
N.C.R.
Man.
Sask.
Alta.
B.C.
Y.T.
&
N.W.T.
Total
54.0
44.1
80.8
75.7
0.7
-
19.4
45.0
22.3
_
43.4
.
45.3
_
_
_
339.8
0.7
125.8
0.2
0.2
_
_
1.4
0.9
32.1
12.3
—
_
_
—
_
_
—
_
_
0.1
_
_
—
_
.
.
1.9
0.9
42.7
12.3
14.7
11.2
152.5
0.5
6.2
22.3
9.6
2.7
234.0
11.7
5.7
38.2
58.2
16.6
37.6
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
15.6
39.7
_
_
_
_
_
1.2
_
_
_
_
_
128.3
13.8
_
_
1.9
_
_
27.1
_
0.3
_
10.6
16.8
_
6.9
1.2
3.6
0.3
15.5
0.3
57.8
22.5
14.1
10.7
_
_
_
_
11.0
_
_
_
20.7
-
21.7
50.4
285.8
226.3
1.4
7.2
3.1
3.6
0.3
121.6
0.3
1.2
58,1
22.5
176.4
11.2
2.7
9.7
0.1
10.1
_
1.4
-
$ millions
AGR
AECB
AECL
5.7
_
_
CMHC
CIDA
COMM
CCA
—
_
_
_
6.2
_
_
—
_
2.4
—
4.8
22.2
_
_
_
-
0.5
_
_
_
_
_
-
NRC
NSERC
PW
RIE
RCMP
9.7
_
1.7
-
0.1
_
0.4
_
-
_
_
—
_
_
_
ENV
F&O
lAND
IDRC
IJC
MRC
NCC
NDEF
NEB
NFB
NHW
NMC
TOTAL
—
_
15.1
_
_
_
EMR
ST
SECS
SS
TPT
8.4
_
_
_
_
_
11.1
10.6
_
0.8
6.7
8.1
0.5
-
0.2
_
0.4
-
7.0
.
0.7
-
_
_
0.3
_
256.8
11.2
2.7
24.3
0.1
_
_
1.1
_
_
0.7
_
_
4.2
_
-
-
-
-
-
1.2
-
-
-
-
_
1.2
-
-
_
-
_
-
_
5.6
_
0.2
0.2
2.9
-
-
-
-
_
-
0.2
8.7
46.5
7.2
112.8
39.3
241.4
313.8
615.5
101.2
48.1
100.6
145.3
23.0
1,794.7
_
35.4
0.3
10.2
_
_
_
_
2.8
_
_
3.1
_
_
0.3
13.5
_
_
_
18.5
1.4
_
_
_
_
147
statistics Canada Library
BIbllothique SUtlstlque Canada
1010056209
GLOSSARY
CODE
DEPARTMENT
AGR
AECB
AECL
CMHC
CIDA
COMM
CCA
EMR
ENV
F&O
lAND
IDRC
IJC
MRC
NCC
NDEF
NEB
NFB
NHW
NMC
NRC
NSERC
PW
RIE
RCMP
ST
SECS
SS
TPT
Agriculture
Atomic Energy Control Board
Atomic Energy of Canada Limited
Canada Mortgage & Housing Corporation
Canadian International Development Agency
Communications
Consumer and Corporate Affairs
Energy, Mines and Resources
Environment
Fisheries and Oceans
Indian Affairs and Northern Development
International Development Research Centre
International Joint Commission
Medical Research Council
National Capital Commission
National Defence
National Energy Board
National Film Board
National Health and Welfare
National Museums of Canada
National Research Council
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council
Public Works
Regional Industrial Expansion
Royal Canadian Mounted PoUce
Science and Technology
Secretary of State
Supply and Services
Transport
.;m^,--/a^'
• nr?'-.
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