Office of Literacy and Essential Skills Vocabulary Building Workbook

Office of Literacy and Essential Skills Vocabulary Building Workbook
People • Partnerships • Knowledge
Skills and Employment
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills
Vocabulary Building Workbook
This workbook is designed to help you improve your
vocabulary. It includes 24 lessons with a variety of
exercises to help you learn new words commonly
used in the Canadian workplace.
assessment • learning • training supports
:3(
Vocabulary Building
Workbook
This workbook is designed to help you improve your vocabulary.
It includes 24 lessons with a variety of exercises to help you learn
new words commonly used in the Canadian workplace.
Literacy and Essential Skills –
for LEARNING, WORK, and LIFE
You can order this publication by contacting:
Publications Services
Human Resources and Skills Development Canada
140 Promenade du Portage
Phase IV, 12th Floor
Gatineau, Quebec
K1A 0J9
Fax: (819) 953-7260
On-line: www.hrsdc.gc.ca/publications
This document is available on demand in alternative formats (Large Print, Braille,
Audio Cassette, Audio CD, e-Text Diskette, e-Text CD, or DAISY), by contacting
1 800 O-Canada (1-800-622-6232). If you have a hearing or speech impairment and
use a teletypewriter (TTY), call 1-800-926-9105.
Également disponible en français.
© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada – 2009
Cat. No.: HS38-16/7-2009
ISBN: 978-1-100-12137-6
Table of Contents
Introduction
page 2
Unit 1
page 5
Unit 2
page 44
Unit 3
page 82
Unit 4
page 121
Unit 5
page 159
Unit 6
page 196
Answer Key
page 232
Introduction
The Vocabulary Building Workbook will help you improve your vocabulary and learn
new words commonly used in the Canadian workplace.
The workbook includes 24 lessons with a variety of exercises:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Matching Meanings
Using the Right Word
Relating Meanings
Analyzing and Comparing Words
Reading Comprehension
Crossword Puzzles
Getting Started
Each lesson starts with a list of words and definitions, and an example of how each word
can be used in a sentence to help you better understand the meaning. Once you have read
the vocabulary words and definitions in each lesson, you can begin the exercises.
Understanding the Parts of Speech
Parts of speech help you understand how a word should be used. The part of speech for
each vocabulary word is identified using the following abbreviations:
noun = n.
verb = v.
adjective = adj.
adverb = adv.
preposition = prep.
Definitions of the Parts of Speech
Noun (n.)
A noun is a person, a place or a thing.
Example: Tom ran to the store to buy chocolate.
2 | Vocabulary Building Workbook
Adjective (adj.)
An adjective is a word used to describe a noun.
Example: Little Tom ran to the corner store to buy white chocolate.
Verb (v.)
A verb is a word used to show an action.
Example: Little Tom ran to the corner store to buy white chocolate.
Adverb (adv.)
An adverb is a word used to describe a verb.
Example: Little Tom ran quickly to the corner store to buy white chocolate.
Preposition (prep.)
A preposition is a word that links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in
a sentence.
Example: Little Tom ran quickly to the corner store to buy white chocolate.
Other Terms You Will Need to Know
Synonym
A synonym is a word that means the same as another word.
Example:
Example:
large is a synonym for big
tiny is a synonym for small
Antonym
An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word.
Example:
Example:
hot is an antonym for cold
on is an antonym for off
Homonym
A homonym is a word that sounds the same as another word but means
something else and is sometimes spelled differently.
Examples of common homonyms:
•
•
•
their (belonging to them) and there (in that place)
hear (to listen to something) and here (in this place)
to (toward), too (also), and two (the number 2)
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 3
Anagram
An anagram is a word or phrase that contains all the letters of another word or
phrase but in a different order.
Example:
Example:
“post” is an anagram of “stop”
“astronomers” is an anagram of “no more stars”
Analogy
An analogy links two things that are related in some way. For example, an apple
is like a ball because they are both round.
Word analogies compare two pairs of words. The second pair of words must be
related in the same way that the first two words are related. For example, if the
first pair of words are antonyms, the second pair of words must also be antonyms.
Example:
dark is to light as laugh is to cry
(antonyms: dark and light are opposites and laugh and cry are
opposites)
Example:
shoe is to foot as tire is to wheel
(a shoe goes on a foot and a tire goes on a wheel)
Example:
post is to stop as drawer is to reward
(anagrams: the same letters are used to spell each pair of words)
4 | Vocabulary Building Workbook
Unit 1
Lesson 1:
Page 6
career
confident
continuous
contribute
essential
fascinate
focus
invest
manuscript
numeracy
oral
performance
quality
skill
sponsor
Lesson 2:
Page 15
business
comment
competition
contact
facsimile
form
obtain
option
quote
receive
recycle
reply
review
transmittal
urgent
Lesson 3:
Page 24
attitude
diplomat
dramatics
encourage
environment
gossip
initiative
key
mutual
organization
positive
professional
reliable
success
support
Lesson 4:
Page 33
apply
asset
available
balance
candidate
confirm
excess
fare
flexible
fluent
knowledge
offer
orientation
reservation
statutory
Unit Review:
Crossword Puzzle
Page 42
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 5
Vocabulary
Definitions
career
n.
a job held over a long period of time that usually requires education
or training
•
Maria completed a nursing program at college and is looking
forward to starting her new career as a nurse.
confident
Lesson 1
adj. sure of yourself or having a strong belief or trust in another person
or thing
•
Grace was more confident about asking for a promotion after she
earned her diploma.
Also n. confidence; adv. confidently
continuous
adj. going on or carrying on for a period of time without a break;
constant, non-stop
•
I didn’t have time to restock the shelves because there was a
continuous stream of people coming into the store all day.
Also n. continuation; v. continue; adv. continuously
contribute
v.
to give ideas, time, money, articles or help towards a common
purpose
•
Are you going to contribute money to the social committee this
year?
Also n. contribution
essential
adj.
1. necessary,
2. relating
•
very important
to the basic nature of something
1. Knowing
how to use a computer is an essential skill for today’s
workplace.
2. The essential oils found in some herbs are available at health food
stores.
Also n. essence; adv. essentially
fascinate
v.
to attract and hold someone’s attention, interest or curiosity
•
The children were fascinated by the magician’s tricks.
Also n. fascination; adj. fascinating
6 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
focus
v.
1.
2.
•
to pay attention to a particular point
to adjust to make an image clearer
1.
Ahmed needed to write memos at work, so he focused on
improving his grammar and spelling.
2. Lena focused the overhead projector to make the words on the
screen clearer.
Also n. focus; adj. focal
invest
v.
to put up money, capital or time for profit or gain
•
It could be risky to invest your money in the stock market.
Also n. investment, investor
manuscript
numeracy
n.
a document that contains a story, article or other piece of writing that
is being prepared for publication
●
Aaron submitted the manuscript of his biography to the publisher for
approval.
n.
ability to add, subtract, multiply and divide and to apply calculations
to various tasks
•
Board games that include play money help children improve their
numeracy.
Also n. numeral; adj. numerical; adv. numerically
oral
adj.
1.
2.
•
spoken
concerning the mouth
1.
Bob is expected to give an oral presentation on the importance of
keeping the work area clean and safe.
2. The dentist explained that oral hygiene is important to prevent
cavities.
Also adv. orally
performance
n.
1.
the carrying out of a task or duty
2. a dramatic or musical show
•
1.
Improved workplace performance leads to greater productivity
and safety.
2. Her performance at the ballet recital was excellent.
Also n. performer; v. perform
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 7
quality
n.
1. the
2. a
•
level of excellence of a product or service
characteristic of a person or thing
Controlling quality in a factory involves making sure there are no
flaws in the final product.
2. Reliability is a good quality to have.
1.
Also adj. qualitative; adj. qualitatively
skill
n.
the special knowledge and ability to do a type of activity, often
requiring special training
•
When the employer asked her what skills she could bring to the job,
Marylou told him that she had excellent computer skills and was very
good at writing.
Also adj. skilled, skilful; adv. skilfully
sponsor
v.
to help to start and/or pay the costs for an activity or a person, group
or business
•
The company sponsors a lunch-hour program for employees who
want to improve their writing skills.
Also n. sponsor, sponsorship
8 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 1
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings. Use each word once.
contribute
quality
continuous
confident
investing
manuscript
essential
performance
focused
fascinated
1. carrying on for a certain period of time
_____________________________
2. not easily distracted
_____________________________
3. author’s document
_____________________________
4. physical or behavioural characteristic
_____________________________
5. using time or money for possible gain
_____________________________
6. to share your ideas
_____________________________
7. concert
_____________________________
8. very important
_____________________________
9. self-assured
_____________________________
10. very interested
_____________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 9
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 1
Read the text and fill in the blanks using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word
once.
career
focused
confident
fascinated
oral
skills
sponsored
quality
performance
numeracy
Jason has been working in the stockroom of a large athletic store since high school; however
his goal is to have a (1) ____________ in sales. Fortunately, Jason has a pleasant manner,
which is an important (2) ________________ for a salesperson.
Last month, the store management evaluated Jason’s job (3) _________________, giving him
an excellent report. When Jason mentioned that he was (4) _______________ by sales, his
supervisor told him about a store- (5) __________________ program involving Essential (6)
______________ training. Jason would need to improve his (7) _________________ skills in
order to work with money. Because part of Jason’s job would be to greet customers and build
relationships with clients, he would also need to work on his (8) ______________
communication and thinking skills.
Jason is very dedicated and (9) ______________on his training. After he completes the
Essential Skills training, Jason is (10) _________________ that he will be better equipped to
work as a salesperson.
Score
10 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
/10
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 1
Circle the letter that corresponds to the best answer. There is only one correct answer for
each question.
1.
Which of the following items is least essential on a cold, rainy day?
a) coat
c)
umbrella
b) boots
d)
belt
2.
Which of the following is not another word for skill?
a) ability
b) talent
3.
5.
expertise
happiness
Which of the following is most likely to make a person feel fascinated?
a)
b)
4.
c)
d)
brushing teeth
reading an interesting book
c)
d)
eating cereal
mowing the lawn
Which word is the least similar in meaning to contribute?
a) perform
c)
b) offer
d)
invest
sponsor
Which one is not an example of a quality?
a) confidence
b) friendliness
honesty
one hundred percent
c)
d)
6.
Which of the following would most likely require oral communication?
a) a manual
c)
a meeting
b) a document
d)
a memo
7.
Which of the following situations is most likely to build someone's confidence?
a) giving a presentation that everyone criticizes
c)
making a mistake at work
b) taking a self-improvement course
d)
changing duties at work abruptly
8.
Which of the following is the least likely to be a manuscript?
a) a grocery list
c)
a collection of poems
b) a novel
d)
a magazine article
9.
What is not an example of a career?
a) quality control technician
b) pastry chef
c)
d)
cousin
administrative clerk
What is opposite in meaning to the word continuous?
a) ongoing
b) non-stop
c)
d)
broken
unbroken
10.
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 11
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 1
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. The first one is done
for you.
fascinated
continuous
career
essential
skills
confident
numeracy
focused
oral
sponsor
1.
routine is to habit as job is to
career
2.
useless is to productive as interrupted is to
_______________________________
3.
difficult is to hard as self-assured is to
_______________________________
4.
report is to written as presentation is to
_______________________________
5.
stale is to fresh as uninterested is to
_______________________________
6.
gym class is to fitness as math class is to
_______________________________
7.
refresh is to update as vital is to
_______________________________
8.
capable is to competent as attentive is to
_______________________________
9.
instruct is to teach as support is to
_______________________________
10.
peaches and pears are to fruit as reading and
_______________________________
writing are to
Score
12 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
/10
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 1
Read the following article and answer the questions below in complete sentences.
An Essential Skills Success Story
Essential Skills help people to carry out different tasks, provide a starting point for learning other skills
and help them adjust to change. There are nine Essential Skills:
•
•
•
reading
document use
numeracy
•
•
•
writing
oral communication
working with others
•
•
•
thinking
computer use
continuous learning
Here is one worker’s story of how upgrading her Essential Skills contributed to improvements in job
performance and career choices.
Anne McKenna’s Story
While I was working on a production line at a canning factory, I found my key to success. Essential
Skills training opened new doors for me and my career.
I left high school after Grade 10 and went to work on a production line at a local canning company.
After a few years, I applied for a job in quality control. The manager let me try it out to see if I could
do it. Based on my experience and the fact that I’m a quick learner, I got the job. But in order to keep
it, I had to work on my Essential Skills.
Fortunately, the company sponsored a continuous learning program. I earned my high school diploma
through the General Educational Development (GED) program. Like many people who have been out
of school for a long time, I was scared of going back to the books. Even so, I knew that I was ready and
once I got started, I really enjoyed it.
After graduating, I focused on improving the skills that were important in my job. I took a night course
at a local college to improve my reading, numeracy and oral communication skills and earned a
certificate from the American Society for Quality. I felt more confident and better prepared when
talking to union representatives and Head Office.
Having improved some of my Essential Skills, I had a good understanding of what I was good at. I
have always loved history and was fascinated by stories about the old building where I worked. I
began working with a local writer and historian to find out more about the building and put my writing
skills to work. We eventually finished a manuscript which many of my co-workers enjoyed reading.
Today, I have a new job with a major food company. I’m here because I got over my fear and opened
doors for myself by investing in Essential Skills training. I look forward to the future and know my life
will always be full of learning.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 13
Questions
1.
Lesson 1
Name three things that Essential Skills can help people with.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
After her upgrading, Anne worked on a project she found very interesting. What
was the project?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
What kind of company does Anne work for now?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What two programs did Anne McKenna complete?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
Why did the manager give Anne the job in quality control?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
14 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Vocabulary
Definitions
business
n.
1. the
2. a
•
Lesson 2
act of manufacturing, buying or selling goods and services
person, partnership or company that operates to make money
As purchasing manager for a large retail store, Danuta prefers to do
business with Canadian companies.
2. My father is selling our meat packing business to a larger company.
1.
Also n. businessperson, businessman, businesswoman; adj. businesslike
comment
v.
to give an opinion, observation or explanation about something
•
Please read the rough copy of the newsletter and comment on the
things you like or do not like about it.
Also n. comment, commentary
competition
n.
1.
a business or person trying to achieve the same goal as you
2. the act of trying to do better than someone else
3. a contest
•
1.
To win first place, you must run faster than your competition.
2. Competition among the children in a family is quite common.
3. Rahmah won the sales competition because she sold more
chocolate bars than any of the other students.
Also n. competitor; v. compete; adj. competitive; adv. competitively
contact
v.
to write, call or meet with someone
•
To avoid having your hydro service cut off, please contact the
collections office before 5:00 p.m. on Thursday.
Also n. contact
facsimile
(fax)
n.
an exact copy of a document sent or received electronically
•
Please send a facsimile of the conference schedule to the office in
Moncton.
Also v. fax
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 15
form
obtain
a sheet of paper that has questions and gives spaces to fill in the
answers
2. the shape of something
n.
1.
•
1.
v.
to create or give shape to
•
Several employees decided to form a choir and perform at the
company party.
v.
to get something by asking or making an effort
•
I had to obtain a building permit from the city to build a deck in our
yard.
The application form must be completed and attached to your
cover letter.
2. The garden was in the form of a star.
Also adj. obtainable
option
n.
a choice between two or more things
•
A graduating high school student has the option of entering the
workplace or attending a post-secondary school.
Also v. opt; adj. optional; adv. optionally
quote
n.
1.
the stated price of a product or service
repetition of someone's exact words
2. a
•
The company provided a quote for the total cost of installing the
pool.
2. In his article, the journalist included a quote from the mayor’s
speech.
1.
Also n. quotation
receive
v.
1.
to get something, such as a letter, a phone call, information or
visitors
2. to pick up electronic signals and convert them to sound or pictures
•
1.
You will receive a notice in the mail about the next meeting.
2. Her satellite radio receives signals from around the world.
Also n. receiver, recipient, reception, receipt; adj. receivable
16 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
recycle
v.
to reuse something by converting it into something else
•
Every year Canadians recycle 75,000 tons of old fabric into raw
materials for the automotive, furniture, mattress, paper and other
industries.
Also n. recycling; adj. recyclable
reply
v.
to say or write an answer in response to what someone else has said
or written
•
We must reply to the wedding invitation by the end of the month.
Also n. reply
review
v.
1.
to look over and possibly suggest improvements
2. to study or check something again
•
1.
The teacher will review the first draft of my essay with me before I
start the second draft.
2. I need to review my report one more time before I give it to the
manager.
Also n. review, reviewer
transmittal
n.
the act or process of sending a signal, information or something else
from one place to another
•
Transmittal of the fax was interrupted when the power went out.
Also n. transmission, transmitter; v. transmit
urgent
adj. very important and needing attention right away
•
Karen received an urgent message that her son had broken his leg.
Also n. urgency; adv. urgently
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 17
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 2
Match the phrases in Column A with those in Column B to make complete sentences. Put
the correct letters on the lines provided. Use each phrase once.
Column A
Column B
1.
__
To obtain a goal is to
a. look it over carefully.
2.
__
To engage in competition is to
b. state what the total cost of a product
will be.
3.
__
To make contact is to
c. an image that is sent through the phone
lines.
4.
__
To review something is to
d. respond to someone who has asked you
something.
5.
__
A form is
e. sending a document from one person to
another.
6.
__
An option is
f. a choice between two things.
7.
__
A facsimile refers to
g. achieve it, usually through hard work
and persistence.
8.
__
To quote a price is to
h. try to win or do better than others.
9.
__
Transmittal describes
i. communicate with someone.
10.
__
To reply is to
j. a sheet of paper that asks for details
about someone or something.
Score
18 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 2
Read the text and fill in the blanks using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word
once.
quote
competition
option
facsimile
review
contact
recycle
business
reply
urgent
I have an (1)_________________ matter that requires your immediate attention. It is no longer
an (2)__________________ to throw out our plastic waste products. We need to
(3)_________________ the plastic for environmental and financial reasons. I have made
(4)_________________ with a (5)____________________, the Renewal Company, which
processes and reuses plastic cheaper than its (6)___________________________. I received a
(7)__________________ on how much it would cost us. Please (8)___________________ the
enclosed (9)_______________________ so I can (10)__________________ to the Renewal
Company as soon as possible.
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 19
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 2
A synonym is a word that means the same or almost the same as another word.
Match the vocabulary word with its synonym.
business
comment
facsimile
1.
copy
________________________
2.
examine again
________________________
3.
give an opinion
________________________
4.
choice
________________________
5.
company
________________________
option
review
An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word.
Match the vocabulary word with its antonym.
obtain
receive
urgent
6.
ask
________________________
7.
lose
________________________
8.
unimportant
________________________
9.
avoid
________________________
10.
send
________________________
reply
contact
Score
20 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
/10
D/ Analysing and Comparing Words
Lesson 2
The letters “re” can be used as a prefix to mean “again.”
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Refocus means to pay attention to something again.
Reinvest means to spend time or money on something again.
Reconnect means to connect something again.
Review means to look at something again.
Recycle means to use or process something again.
Choose the correct word to fill in the blanks. Use each word once.
refocus
reinvest
reconnect
review
recycle
1.
The sponsor has been asked to _____________________ in the project because the
public fundraising campaign fell short.
2.
Before a test, it is important to __________________ your notes.
3.
The sound of laughter caused the tired man to _____________________ on the
speaker.
4.
Trees can be saved if people _______________ paper.
5.
When your telephone bill has been paid in full, we will _________________________
your service.
Score
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 21
/5
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 2
Read the fax transmittal form below and answer the questions that follow in complete
sentences.
Magic Forms Inc.
Facsimile Transmittal
To:
Bob Davis
From:
George Hanna
Company:
A Paper Company
Date:
February 14, 2009
Fax Number:
514.333.3333
Total No. of Pages Including Cover Sheet:
2
Phone Number:
514.444.4444
Subject:
Quote obtained from your competition
† URGENT
† PLEASE REVIEW
† PLEASE COMMENT
† PLEASE REPLY
† PLEASE RECYCLE
Good Morning Bob,
We received a very good quote for paper from your competition yesterday. As we have been
happy doing business with your company, we thought that we would give you the option of
competing with this quote. Please contact us as soon as possible.
George
1663 Prairie Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H3P 8R5
www.magicforms.ca
Phone: 514-555-5555 Fax: 514-555-5556
22 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
Questions
1.
Lesson 2
How many pages are being sent in this fax?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
From whom did George receive a quote?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
If George wanted an immediate response, how would he request it on the fax
transmittal form?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
Who is the facsimile being sent to?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
What box should George have check marked?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score
/45
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 23
Vocabulary
Definitions
Lesson 3
attitude
n.
feelings or opinions that can often be seen in a person’s behaviour
•
Gina’s positive attitude improved team morale.
Also adj. attitudinal
diplomat
n.
1.
2.
•
a person who deals with others in a tactful manner
a government official who discusses affairs with another country in
a professional manner
1.
You can be a diplomat in the workplace by getting along with
others and helping to solve conflicts.
2. Canadian diplomats promote and defend Canadian values and
interests around the world.
Also n. diplomacy; adj. diplomatic; adv. diplomatically
dramatics
n.
1.
an exaggerated display of emotion to get attention or to influence
someone
2. putting on a performance, usually non-professional theatre
•
1.
The other employees are tired of Ray’s dramatics every time the
computer breaks down.
2. Creative dramatics, such as puppet plays, are used in the
classroom to teach young children.
Also n. drama; v. dramatize; adj. dramatic; adv. dramatically
encourage
v.
to inspire, support or give someone confidence
•
The company set aside paid time to encourage its employees to
participate in training activities.
Also n. encouragement; adj. encouraging
environment
n.
1.
the physical world, social relationships and events that surround
people and affect their lives; surroundings
2. the air, water and land around us; the earth
•
1.
People who are skilled at working with others create a pleasant and
productive work environment.
2. Air pollution is a threat to the environment.
Also adj. environmental; adv. environmentally
24 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
gossip
v.
to talk about the personal lives of other people (generally considered
a negative activity)
•
Sheila likes to gossip about her coach to other members of the team.
Also n. gossip; adj. gossipy
initiative
n.
1.
the ability to make a decision or do something on your own
without being told by others
2. something undertaken
•
1.
Managers like employees who show initiative because they are
natural leaders who don’t have to constantly be told what to do.
2. The class organized a fund-raising initiative to support the school.
Also n. initiator; v. initiate
key
adj. most important
•
The key reason Terry moved back to Alberta was to be closer to his
family.
Also n. key
mutual
adj. shared, common
•
A mutual goal of the employer and the employees is to have positive
workplace morale.
Also adv. mutually
organization
n.
an official body of people that is arranged or structured for a purpose
such as business, politics, charity or recreation
•
The organization hired several hundred new employees to manage
the increase in sales.
Also v. organize; adj. organizational
positive
adj. focused on what is good
•
Learning new skills gives employees a more positive view of what
they are capable of accomplishing in the workplace.
Also adv. positively
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 25
professional
adj.
1.
2.
appropriate in the workplace; businesslike
expert, skilled, qualified
•
1.
n.
a person who has special training, follows high standards and is paid
for what he or she does
•
Doctors and dentists are healthcare professionals.
Improving your oral communication skills may help you to express
yourself in a more professional manner.
2. Maria will be a professional chef once she has finished her inschool and on-the-job training.
Also n. profession, professionalism; adv. professionally
reliable
adj. accurate, honest and dependable
•
Fred was a reliable employee who always came to work on time.
Also n. reliability; v. rely; adv. reliably
success
n.
a favourable end result; achieving a goal and being rewarded by
personal satisfaction, wealth, health, honour, position, etc.
•
Janine’s success as a writer was the result of hard work,
determination and talent.
Also n. successfulness; v. succeed; adj. successful; adv. successfully
support
v.
to take care of, provide for, or agree with; to keep something going;
to help
•
Employers need to support efforts to build Essential Skills in the
workplace.
Also n. support, supporter; adj. supportive; adv. supportively
26 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 3
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings. Use the circled letters to solve the
mystery word below.
support
mutual
positive
organization
success
diplomat
attitude
gossip
dramatics
professional
1.
positive or negative
outlook on life
2.
business or charity
3.
respected career
person
4.
to offer help
5.
chatty person
6.
shared
7.
exaggerated display of
feelings
8.
polite peacemaker
9.
upbeat and optimistic
10.
rewarding result
{ ___ ___ ___ ___
___ ___ ___ ___ {___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ { ___ ___ ___ ___
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ {
___ ___ ___ ___ { ___
___ ___ ___ ___ { ___
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ {___ ___ ___
___ { ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ { ___
___ ___ ___ ___ { ___ ___
___ ___ ___
Mystery Word: _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 27
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 3
Replace the underlined word(s) with a vocabulary word that has a similar meaning. Put the
correct answer in the space provided. Use each word once.
diplomat
environment
mutual
positive
encourage
support
key
reliable
attitude
initiative
1.
A crucial part of growth is learning.
1.________________
2.
Recycling is one way to protect our natural world.
2.________________
3.
A responsible worker manages time wisely and honestly.
3.________________
4.
The employee completed the training and is feeling good about 4.________________
his chances for promotion.
5.
The company believes it is important to promote skills
upgrading.
5.________________
6.
The employee showed independent judgment in solving the
problem.
6.________________
7.
When a sensitive issue arises between two people, a polite and
respectful person is needed to keep the peace.
7.________________
8.
After completing a course on money management, Sheila
changed her thoughts on the benefits of having a budget.
8.________________
9.
The decision to restrict overtime hours was agreed upon by the
company and its employees.
9.________________
10.
The lead worker must be ready to offer backup if there is a
problem.
10.________________
Score /10
28 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 3
Circle the letter that corresponds to the best answer. There is only one correct answer for
each question.
1.
What is an example of something that is not an attitude?
a) snobbish
c) exercise
b) sincere
d) persistent
2.
Which of the following is not a positive quality?
a) reliable
c) cheerful
b) dependent
d) encouraging
3.
Which of the following is most likely to make a person feel encouraged?
a) gossip
c) dramatics
b) support
d) criticism
4.
Which word is the least similar in meaning to key?
a) main
c) important
b) crucial
d) usual
5.
Which one is not an example of an organization?
a) university
c) group of friends
b) hospital
d) corporation
6.
Which of the following is not usually mutual?
a) business partnership
b) marriage
c) trade agreement
d) different opinions
7.
What is an example of something that is professional?
a) gossip
c) ripped t-shirt
b) negative attitude
d) respect
8.
Which word does not describe a diplomat?
a) even-tempered
b) tactful
c) rude
d) resourceful
9.
Which is not a description of someone with initiative?
a) reluctant
c) innovative
b) independent
d) bold
10.
Which is not an example of success?
a) positive self-esteem
b) inactivity
c) a raise
d) a diploma
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 29
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 3
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below.
key
initiative
support
reliable
organization
success
mutual
dramatics
attitude
gossip
1.
look is to stare as talk is to
_______________________________
2.
house is to residence as business is to
_______________________________
3.
negative is to positive as irresponsible is to
_______________________________
4.
happiness is to joy as independence is to
_______________________________
5.
counsellor is to advice as sponsor is to
_______________________________
6.
kindness is to quality as confidence is to
_______________________________
7.
rude is to polite as unimportant is to
_______________________________
8.
celebration is to party as tantrum is to
_______________________________
9.
finish is to start as failure is to
_______________________________
10.
rejected is to refused as shared is to
_______________________________
Score
30 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
/10
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 3
Read the article below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
Be a Star Employee!
It's up to you to prove to your employer that hiring you was the right move.
•
Be positive.
•
Treat everyone with respect. Mutual respect is key to a healthy working
environment.
•
Support your co-workers. Encourage others. Be a team player.
•
Never gossip, even if others do.
•
Be a diplomat. Be calm when discussing problems and use tact.
•
Show initiative. Don't always wait to be told. If you see something that needs to be
done, offer!
•
Be reliable. If you say you'll do something, do it.
•
Dress for success. Take the lead from your supervisor and co-workers.
•
Manage your emotions. Out-of-control anger or over-the-top dramatics are not
professional and could cost you your job.
•
Speak well of the organization you work for even when you're away from it. Your
positive attitude will show in everything you do.
Source: Looking for a Job, Service Canada
http://www.youth.gc.ca/yoaux.jsp?lang=en&ta=1&auxpageid=223&flash=0
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 31
Questions
1.
Lesson 3
How does someone show initiative?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
What is key to a healthy work environment, and why?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
What are two ways that you can be a team player?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What does it mean to be reliable in the workplace?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
Describe how you can be a diplomat in the workplace.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
32 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Vocabulary
Definitions
apply
v.
Lesson 4
to put something on something else
to ask to be considered for something
3. to use for some purpose
4. to be relevant
1.
2.
•
Marie’s job is to apply varnish to the kitchen cabinets.
2. I would like to apply for the human resources job.
3. Chris was able to apply his knowledge of computers to solve the
problem.
4. Josh was not in on the prank, so the punishment did not apply to
him.
1.
Also n. applicant, application, applicator; adj. applicable
asset
someone or something that is useful and contributes to the success
of a person or organization
2. a valuable item owned by a person or organization
n.
1.
•
1.
2.
available
An employee who is helpful and polite is an asset to any business.
On the application for a loan, Greg listed his house as an asset.
adj. easy to get and ready to use
•
Computer training is available to the employees at lunch and after
work.
Also n. availability; v. avail (yourself of something)
balance
to compare and equalize the debits (money going out) and credits
(money coming in) for an account or statement
2. to find the point where things are equal in weight or importance
v.
1.
•
1.
2.
n.
1.
•
1.
Their bookkeeper was unable to balance the bank statement.
People must balance their time between home and work.
the amount of money in an account at a given time
2. stability of the mind or body
3. the amount left over; the rest
If you have a high balance in your account, the bank will charge
you lower fees.
2. Charles fell when he tripped over the rock and lost his balance.
3. That money has to last us for the balance of the month.
Also adj. balanced
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 33
candidate
n.
a person who is being considered for a position or honour
•
We thought the first candidate would be the most suitable for the
job.
Also n. candidacy
confirm
v.
to prove that something you have been told or something you believe
is, in fact, true; to find out for certain
•
To avoid being late, call to confirm the time and place of the
meeting.
Also n. confirmation; adj. confirmed
excess
adj. over the limit
●
Air travellers are charged extra for each piece of excess baggage.
Also n. excess; adj. excessive; adv. excessively
fare
n.
payment for the transportation of a passenger
a passenger paying to travel
3. food or entertainment offered at a public place
1.
2.
•
flexible
The fare for the train was inexpensive.
The taxi driver picked up a fare at the hotel.
3. The fare at the restaurant was superb because of the new chef.
1.
2.
adj. able to bend or change easily
•
The salesman said he could meet us anytime as his hours are very
flexible.
Also n. flexibility; v. flex; adv. flexibly
fluent
adj. able to speak, read or write a language easily, smoothly and correctly
•
My sister is fluent in English and French.
Also n. fluency; adv. fluently
knowledge
n.
information and understanding gained through observation,
experience or study
•
You will need to apply the knowledge you acquired in school to the
workplace.
Also v. know; adj. knowledgeable; adv. knowledgeably
34 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
offer
to make a suggestion that will be either accepted or rejected by
others
2. to provide a product or service
v.
1.
•
1.
Zoe offered to give her friend a ride home.
2. The company offers an excellent healthcare package to its
employees.
Also n. offer
orientation
n.
an informative meeting for new employees, students or members
•
The factory had an orientation to familiarize new workers with the
machines and safety practices.
Also v. orient, orientate; adj. oriented
reservation
an arrangement to set aside or hold a time or place (e.g., a hotel
room, a table at a restaurant or a seat on an airplane)
2. uncertainty that something is right, causing approval to be held
back
n.
1.
•
1.
2.
The reservation for the hotel was made six months in advance.
The staff has reservations about moving the office across town.
Also v. reserve; adj. reserved
statutory
adj. required by law
•
New Year’s Day is a statutory holiday.
Also n. statute; adv. statutorily
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 35
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 4
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings.
confirm
asset
orientation
excess
knowledge
statutory
fare
available
reservation
fluent
1.
to find out for sure
________________________________
2.
over the limit
________________________________
3.
easy to obtain or use
________________________________
4.
positive quality that is an advantage
________________________________
5.
arrangement or booking for a certain time
________________________________
6.
familiarization with something new
________________________________
7.
written in law
________________________________
8.
payment for travel
________________________________
9.
facts or information learned
________________________________
10. speaking or writing easily
________________________________
Score
36 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 4
Read the text and fill in the blanks using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word
once.
candidate
offer
flexible
asset
available
knowledge
orientation
fluent
confirm
apply
When William saw the job listing for a parts manager, he was eager to (1)____________. He
had been unemployed for several weeks, so he was (2)_______________ to start work right
away. William had worked in the parts and service department of a car dealership before. His
previous employment would be a tremendous (3)____________ because of the
(4)_______________ he had gained through experience.
A few days after he had applied for the job, William received an email regarding an interview.
He called to (5)______________ the time and location of the meeting. During the interview,
William emphasized that he was (6)_____________ and could work evenings and weekends.
William’s (7)_____________ answers convinced the interviewers that he would be good at
oral communication with customers. The company considered William to be the best qualified
(8)__________________; the manager made William an (9)______________ and William
accepted the job. This week he attended an (10)______________________ to become familiar
with the company’s procedures.
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 37
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 4
Circle the letters that correspond to the best match(es) in each case. There may be more
than one correct answer.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
a flexible person
a) easy-going
b) resistant to change
c)
d)
available
stubborn
a fluent speaker
a) completely bilingual
b) effortless speech
c)
d)
expressive
limited vocabulary
excess
a) leftovers
b) excusing yourself from the table
c)
d)
thanking someone for a gift
driving over the speed limit
a good balance
a) time management
b) Canada’s Food Guide
c)
d)
equal employment opportunities
video game addict
an asset
a) high school diploma
b) computer knowledge
c)
d)
truck
savings bond
an available employee
a) willing to work overtime
b) often absent
c)
d)
hard to reach by phone
takes numerous breaks
confirm
a) print an email reservation
b) call to verify information
c)
d)
repeat details
ignore a phone message
candidate
a) campaigning politician
b) mother
c)
d)
job applicant
computer hacker
offer
a) contract bid
b) donation
c)
d)
marriage proposal
invitation
apply
a) use new technology to solve a problem
b) put on face paint
c)
d)
admire others
fill out an application
Score
38 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
/10
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 4
Use the vocabulary list to complete the following exercises.
A suffix is an element added at the end of a word to create a new word. Suffixes such as ion,
tion and sion change a verb to a noun. Complete the following analogies by adding suffixes.
1.
realize is to realization as organize is to
_______________________________
2.
initiate is to initiation as orient is to
_______________________________
3.
conserve is to conservation as reserve is to
_______________________________
4.
inform is to information as confirm is to
_______________________________
5.
satisfy is to satisfaction as apply is to
_______________________________
Anagrams are words that are made up of the same letters but have the letters arranged in a
different order. For example, the letters in “reset" can be rearranged to spell “steer”.
Complete the following anagrams.
6.
fear
_______________________________
7.
seats
_______________________________
Homonyms are words that sound the same, but have different meanings and spellings. For
example, “deer” (the animal) and “dear” (as in “my dear”) sound the same but are spelled
differently. Complete the following homonym.
8.
fair
_______________________________
Adjectives are words that describe a person, place or thing. Fill in each of the blanks below
with an adjective from the vocabulary list for this lesson.
9.
The company avails itself of its employees.
The employees are
10. The mechanic managed to flex the hose under
the hood to reach the rusted bolt. The hose is
_______________________________.
_______________________________.
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 39
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 4
Read the job advertisement below and answer the questions that follow in complete
sentences.
Counter Sales Agents
Workplace:
Halifax, Moncton, Montréal, Toronto (downtown), Winnipeg, Vancouver and other VIA stations across
Canada
Days and hours of work:
Various: days, evenings, weekends, statutory holidays
Description
You must offer excellent customer service at one of the VIA ticket counters. Your responsibilities
include providing train and fare information to the public, selling tickets and confirming reservations,
balancing daily ticket sales, applying storage tags and storing excess baggage.
You must be able to work different shifts. Furthermore, each candidate must complete five weeks of
training successfully.
Minimal qualifications
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Fluently bilingual (English and French)
Must have high school diploma
Two or more years of experience in the customer service industry
Excellent oral communication skills
Excellent customer service orientation
Must be able to lift up to 18 kg
Enjoy shift work and dealing with the public
Excellent knowledge of computers (Windows)
Good knowledge of Canadian geography is a definite asset
Must be flexible with days and hours of work and available to work on weekends and statutory
holidays
Adapted from the Via Rail Canada website
http://www.viarail.ca/emploi/en_pop_vent_comp.html
40 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
Questions
1.
Lesson 4
How much weight must a counter agent be able to lift?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
What education is required to be hired as a counter agent with VIA Rail?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
Name three job duties that are the responsibility of a VIA Rail counter agent.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
How long is the training program for new employees?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
What two languages are required for a position as a counter agent with VIA Rail?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 41
Vocabulary Review: Unit 1
Complete the crossword puzzle using vocabulary words from the lessons in this unit.
1
2
3
6
C A R
7
8
10
16
17
18
5
4
E E R
N
C
O
11
U
R
A
G
E
9
12
13
14
19
15
20
21
22
23
24
25
ACROSS
DOWN
3. life’s work
1. surroundings
5. athlete who plays for money
2. supported by a backer
6. to show to be true
4. to build up someone's confidence
8. centred on a particular purpose
7. self-driven action
14. information session and/or tour
9. prolonged for a period of time
16. to make sure the financial figures match
10. positive or negative characteristic
18. antonym for “uncertain”
11. antonym for “failure”
21. enchanted, interested
12. tactful ambassador
23. requiring immediate attention
13. to supply or donate
24. crucial; necessary
15. accessible, ready
25. facts, figures or data that have been
learned
17. to give an opinion
19. more than what is needed
20. fundamental; chief, main
22. aloud
42 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 1
Unit 1 Vocabulary List
These are the vocabulary words from Unit 1. The number beside each word
indicates the lesson in which it was studied.
1. apply (4)
2. asset (4)
3. attitude (3)
4. available (4)
5. balance (4)
6. business (2)
7. candidate (4)
8. career (1)
9. comment (2)
10. competition (2)
11. confident (1)
12. confirm (4)
13. contact (2)
14. continuous (1)
15. contribute (1)
16. diplomat (3)
17. dramatics (3)
18. encourage (3)
19. environment (3)
20. essential (1)
21. excess (4)
22. facsimile (2)
23. fare (4)
24. fascinate (1)
25. flexible (4)
26. fluent (4)
27. focus (1)
28. form (2)
29. gossip (3)
30. initiative (3)
31. invest (1)
32. key (3)
33. knowledge (4)
34. manuscript (1)
35. mutual (3)
36. numeracy (1)
37. obtain (2)
38. offer (4)
39. option (2)
40. oral (1)
41. organization (3)
42. orientation (4)
43. performance (1)
44. positive (3)
45. professional (3)
46. quality (1)
47. quote (2)
48. receive (2)
49. recycle (2)
50. reliable (3)
51. reply (2)
52. reservation (4)
53. review (2)
54. skill (1)
55. sponsor (1)
56. statutory (4)
57. success (3)
58. support (3)
59. transmittal (2)
60. urgent (2)
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 43
Unit 2
Lesson 5:
Page 45
appreciate
back ordered
current
delay
description
disregard
enquiry
federal
invoice
maintain
notice
prompt
remittance
statement
stock
Lesson 6:
Page 54
correctional
diploma
fulfillment
in-depth
institution
mission
motivation
offender
possess
primary
reintegration
security
society
thrive
vital
Lesson 7:
Page 63
alternative
collate
completion
detail
determine
effective
efficient
function
instructions
inventory
photocopy
profile
secondary
sort
volume
Lesson 8:
Page 72
applicable
attach
continue
deadline
directions
document
employment
goal
information
polite
provide
résumé
suit
unpaid
volunteer
Unit Review:
Crossword Puzzle
44 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
Page 80
Vocabulary
Definitions
appreciate
v.
1. to
•
1. Jean
back ordered
Lesson 5
like something and be thankful for it
2. to increase in value over time
2. The
appreciates the help she is receiving from the counsellor.
value of the property has appreciated in the last twenty years.
adj. on order; part of an order for merchandise that has not been filled
because the stock is temporarily unavailable
•
The back ordered parts have not been shipped to us because the
manufacturer was affected by the recent hurricane.
Also n. back order; v. back order
current
adj. taking place at the present time
•
The current rate of employment is higher than the rate a year ago.
n.
a steady flow of water or air in one direction, or the flow of
electricity through a cable, wire or other conductor
•
Ships that ride in the ocean currents move more quickly and use
less fuel.
Also adv. currently
delay
v.
to take longer to do something than was originally planned or
expected, or to cause to take longer or happen later
•
The back ordered materials delayed the construction of the
warehouse.
Also n. delay; adj. delayed
description
n.
an account of what someone or something looks like or does
•
The seller states the sizes and colours of the clothing in a brief
description.
Also v. describe; adj. descriptive
disregard
v.
to see something as unimportant; to ignore something
•
If you have already sent your payment, please disregard this bill.
Also n. fascination; adj. fascinating
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 45
enquiry
n.
the act of asking a question or setting up an investigation
•
As a call centre agent, he responds to one enquiry after another all
day long.
Also n. enquirer/inquirer; v. enquire/inquire
federal
invoice
adj. a form of government where smaller self-governed parts (e.g.,
provinces) give up some of their political authority to unite under a
central government
•
Canada’s federal government passes laws that affect the whole
country.
n.
a form that states how much you owe for goods or services you have
received; a bill
•
The manager of the store received an invoice for the shipment of
paper, ink cartridges and toner.
Also v. invoice
maintain
v.
to keep something in the same condition or at the same level or rate
•
The company appreciates the workers’ attempts to maintain
production levels in spite of the recent flu epidemic.
Also n. maintenance
notice
n.
announcement or warning
•
The students received a notice that classes were cancelled for the
day.
v.
to see or become aware of something or somebody
•
I notice that you bought a new car.
Also adj. noticeable; adv. noticeably
prompt
adj.
on time or acting quickly and without delay
•
A prompt payment of a credit card bill avoids interest charges.
Also n. promptness; adv. promptly
remittance
n.
money that is sent to someone as a payment
•
Thank you for doing our taxes; the remittance for your services is
enclosed.
Also v. remit
46 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
statement
n.
1. a
2.
•
list of costs and bills, showing the total that needs to be paid
a formal oral or written piece of information, opinion or
announcement
According to my credit card statement, I owe $225 this month.
2. The mayor issued a statement ordering the striking sanitation
workers to return to work.
1.
Also v. state
stock
n.
1. a
supply of things kept for sale or future use
of the ownership of a company which people buy as an
investment
2. part
•
1. I
checked our stock, and there are only two shoe sizes left in that
style.
2. Jerry’s family made a lot of money buying stock in successful
businesses.
Also v. stock; adj. stock
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 47
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 5
Match the phrases in Column A with those in Column B to make complete sentences. Put
the correct letters on the lines provided. Use each phrase once.
Column A
Column B
1.
__ To make an enquiry is to
a. money sent as payment.
2.
__ A remittance is
b. put something off until later.
3.
__ To disregard is to
c. preserve or keep the same.
4.
__ A statement is
d. show admiration and give thanks.
5.
__ To delay is to
e. an announcement or warning.
6.
__ An invoice is
f. an explanation of something.
7.
__ To maintain is to
g. ignore or pass something over.
8.
__ To appreciate is to
h. ask for information.
9.
__ A notice is
i. a formal report or comment.
10.
__ A description is
j. a list of things purchased and the amount
owed.
Score
48 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 5
Replace the underlined word(s) with a vocabulary word that has a similar meaning. Put the
correct answer in the space provided. Use each word once.
appreciate
disregard
maintain
description
notice
delay
statement
current
federal
prompt
1.
It is important to keep a positive attitude.
1.________________
2.
A detailed explanation of the product’s features is in the
manual.
2.________________
3.
A recent study shows that a healthy diet and active lifestyle
add years to a person’s life.
3.________________
4.
The national government gives the provinces some money
for medical care.
4.________________
5.
The receptionist gave the news that she is quitting to go back 5.________________
to school.
6.
Suzanne is always on time.
6.________________
7.
Don’t pay attention to the last bill because we received
your payment today.
7.________________
8.
The electricity was off for three hours, causing a slowdown
in production.
8.________________
9.
The customers are very impressed with the chef’s cooking.
9.________________
10.
The witness wrote a formal declaration about what he had
seen.
10._______________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 49
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 5
appreciate
delay
enquiry
prompt
statement
current
disregard
maintain
remittance
stock
A synonym is a word that means the same or almost the same as another word.
Match a vocabulary word in the list above with its synonym below.
1.
supply
________________________
2.
announcement
________________________
3.
like
________________________
4.
postpone
________________________
5.
question
________________________
An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word.
Match a vocabulary word in the list at the top of the page with its antonym below.
6.
consider
________________________
7.
ruin
________________________
8.
bill
________________________
9.
past
________________________
10.
late
________________________
Score
50 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
/10
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 5
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
disregard
current
appreciate
maintain
remittance
back ordered
statement
enquiry
prompt
delay
1.
problem is to difficulty as interruption is to
_______________________________
2.
sea is to see as currant is to
_______________________________
3.
slow is to late as speedy is to
_______________________________
4.
question is to answer as invoice is to
_______________________________
5.
doubt is to disbelief as overlook is to
_______________________________
6.
method is to process as investigation is to
_______________________________
7.
post is to stop as testament is to
(Hint: Rearrange the letters.)
_______________________________
8.
fix is to repair as keep is to
_______________________________
9.
in stock is to available as out of stock is to
_______________________________
10.
war is to peace as dislike is to
_______________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 51
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 5
Read the statement below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
Statement # 30
Date: January 10, 2009
“Maintaining Zen Lifestyles Everywhere”
3636 Broadway Blvd.
Yellowknife, NWT X1A 5T2
Phone: (663) 888-8888 Fax: (663) 888-8383
Please direct all enquiries to Hector
Smith at accounting@zenstyles.ca
Bill to: Federal Government
12 Fairway Drive
Prince George, BC V5Q 1G3
Comments: If your order has been delayed,
please disregard any notices for payment that
may arrive in the mail.
Phone: (488) 333-4444
Customer ID: [ABC12345]
DATE
AMOUNT
DESCRIPTION
BALANCE
October 12, 2008
Invoice 2007-15
770.32
770.32
October 15, 2008
Invoice 2007-18
589.55
1,359.87
November 8, 2008
Invoice 2007-25
6,974.25
8,334.12
November 30, 2008
Invoice 2007-45
2,334.12
10,668.24
December 3, 2008
Invoice 2007-102
13,263.89
23,932.13
December 15, 2008
Your prompt payment is appreciated.
8,334.12 cr.
15,598.01
Back ordered items are now in stock and will
be shipped with your next regular order.
Current
0.00
1-30 Days
Past Due
13,263.89
31-60 Days
Past Due
2,334.12
61-90 Days
Past Due
0.00
Over 90 Days
Past Due
0.00
Amount Due
15,598.01
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Remittance
Statement #
Amount Due
Remittance Date
Amount Paid
30
15, 598.01
Make all cheques payable to Zen Styles. Thank you for your business!
52 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
Questions
1.
Lesson 5
What is the statement date?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
To whom is the statement being sent?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
List one way the statement uses positive and respectful language to recognize and
encourage immediate payment.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What is the current status on the back ordered items?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
What is the date of the last invoice that was sent to the customer?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 53
Vocabulary
Definitions
correctional
adj. of the system that deals with criminals through imprisonment, parole,
etc.
•
Lesson 6
The correctional facility prides itself on having few prisoners break
the law again after their release from prison.
Also n. correction; v. correct; adj. correctable
diploma
fulfillment
n.
an official document from an educational institution that shows you
have completed a program successfully
•
Anna received a diploma when she finished the dental hygienist
course.
n.
1.
•
1.
achievement of a dream, keeping of a promise, or performance of a
duty
2. sense of satisfaction that comes from such success
Going back to school and being hired as a veterinary assistant was
a fulfillment of Tracy’s dream to work with animals.
2. Money and fame matter less to her than personal fulfillment.
Also v. fulfill
in-depth
adj. done carefully and thoroughly, taking a broad range of knowledge
into consideration
•
The in-depth study of air quality in the workplace revealed some
serious problems with pollutants and mould.
Also n. depth
institution
organization that promotes legal, educational, medical or social
concerns
2. accepted cultural behaviour, custom or law in a particular society
n.
1.
•
1.
Universities and colleges are institutions of higher learning.
2. High divorce rates have led to redefining the institution of the
family.
Also n. institute; v. institute, institutionalize; adj. institutional
mission
n.
something that an organization or person believes they must try to
achieve, or a task or duty they are given
•
Terry Fox’s mission was to raise money for cancer research by
running across Canada.
54 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
motivation
n.
reasons that influence a person to act or behave in a particular way
•
For some people the motivation behind learning is personal
satisfaction; for others it is future financial gain.
Also n. motive; v. motivate; adj. motivational
offender
n.
someone or something that causes a problem, goes against the
religious or moral values of others, or breaks the law
•
Automobiles have become a major environmental offender because
of the pollutants they emit.
Also v. offend; adj. offensive; adv. offensively
possess
v.
to have or own things, ideas, qualities or feelings
•
Businesses appreciate employees who possess honesty.
Also n. possession; adj. possessive
primary
adj. describes something that happens first or is the main or most
important thing
•
The primary reason Sara goes to the gym is to exercise and build
muscle.
Also adj. prime
reintegration
n.
the act of rejoining, fitting in once more
•
After injured workers are retrained to work in different jobs, they
face reintegration into the workforce.
Also v. reintegrate
security
n.
protection; freedom from risk, danger, doubt or fear
•
For security, the petty cash and important papers are kept in a safe.
Also v. secure; adj. secure, securable; adv. securely
society
n.
1.
people as a community, with all the cultural and social patterns and
institutions they have developed
2. an association of people united by a common aim, interest or
principle
•
1.
Peace, order and good government are key goals of Canadian
society.
2. The historical society is meeting to discuss fundraising to restore
the old town hall.
Also v. socialize; adj. social, societal
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 55
thrive
vital
v.
to do well
•
After Robert left his poorly paid job to work as a regional manager,
he began to thrive financially and emotionally.
adj. extremely important to the functioning of something
•
Air and water are vital because we cannot live without them.
Also n. vitality; v. vitalize; adv. vitally
56 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 6
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings. Use each word once.
primary
vital
offender
security
diploma
correctional
thrive
fulfillment
institution
mission
1.
first or most important
_________________________
2.
a public organization
__________________________
3.
freedom from risk, danger or injury
__________________________
4.
essential to the well-being of someone or something
__________________________
5.
dealing with offenders
__________________________
6.
a duty or task that needs to be accomplished
__________________________
7.
a certificate for the completion of a course of study
__________________________
8.
someone who breaks the law
__________________________
9.
to grow and prosper
__________________________
10. a feeling of satisfaction for a job well done
__________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 57
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 6
Read the text and fill in the blanks using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word
once.
diploma
motivation
institution
mission
in-depth
society
vital
primary
thrive
fulfillment
The employment counsellor told Ahmed that it is (1)____________________ to have a high
school education to be employed in (2)____________________ today. Earning a degree or
(3)____________________ in an (4)____________________ of higher learning increases a
person’s chances of obtaining good wages and personal (5)____________________.
The counsellor’s advice gave Ahmed the (6)____________________ he needed. He made it
his (7)____________________ to complete a four-year, (8)____________________ program
on environmental issues. His (9)____________________ focus was water management.
Ahmed became convinced that protecting our water supply would be the only way future
generations could (10)____________________.
Score
58 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
/10
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 6
Circle the letter that corresponds to the best answer. There is only one answer for each
question.
1.
Which is not an example of an offender?
a) trespasser
b) outlaw
c) delinquent
d) correctional officer
2.
Which of the following is the most similar in meaning to fulfillment?
a) dissatisfaction
c) imperfection
b) realization
d) disappointment
3.
Which word means the opposite of possess?
a) own
b) keep
c) lose
d) maintain
Which word is not an example of a mission?
a) task
b) goal
c) calling
d) law
4.
5.
Which word is most similar in meaning to security?
a) publicity
c) weakness
b) safety
d) fear
6.
Which word means the opposite of primary?
a) essential
b) original
c) leading
d) following
7.
Which of the following is the most similar in meaning to in-depth?
a) visible
c) thorough
b) quick
d) unfair
8.
Which word is most similar in meaning to vital?
a) key
b) non-essential
c) unimportant
d) irrelevant
9.
Which of the following is not an example of an institution?
a) marriage
c) prison
b) school
d) workbook
10.
Which of the following is the most similar in meaning to thrive?
a) fail
c) prosper
b) decrease
d) weaken
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 59
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 6
Add the prefix “re” to the following words and write what the new word means.
Hint: “re” means back or again.
Example: integration → reintegration, which means combining with the whole again.
1.
possess → ___________________ , which means
__________________________
2.
offend → ___________________ , which means
__________________________
Change the following verbs into nouns by adding the suffix “ion”.
Hint: when the verb ends in “e” drop the “e” before adding the suffix.
Examples: correct → correction, investigate → investigation
3.
institute
__________________________
4.
motivate
__________________________
5.
reintegrate
__________________________
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below.
vital
offender
thrive
primary
motivation
6.
runner-up is to winner as secondary is to
__________________________
7.
outstanding is to excellent as important is to
__________________________
8.
difficult is to easy as discouragement is to
__________________________
9.
school is to student as prison is to
__________________________
10.
stop is to go as fail is to
__________________________
Score
60 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
/10
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 6
Read the information below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
Correctional Officer
The Correctional Officer is vital to the fulfillment of the mission of the Correctional Service
of Canada. As the primary contact for offenders, the correctional officer works with
offenders on a continuous basis. This gives the Correctional Officer in-depth knowledge of an
offender's personality and behaviour, vital to maintaining the security of the institution. At
the same time, this knowledge supports and assists in the case management process, and it
builds understanding and trust, essential to the successful reintegration of the offender into
society.
Federal Correctional Officers are professionals. They possess a belief in the values of the
organization, the flexibility and desire to work within a team, the ability to thrive in a
demanding work environment and, most importantly, the motivation to work with offenders.
If you have a high school diploma and experience in dealing with people, a career with the
Correctional Service of Canada may be the one for you.
Source: Website of the Correctional Service of Canada
http://www.csc-scc.gc.ca/text/carinf/correctional-eng.shtml
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 61
Questions
1.
Lesson 6
Who acts as an offender’s primary contact?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
What is vital to the security of the institution?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
Name two job requirements of a correctional officer.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What is essential to the successful reintegration of the offender into society?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
What level of education is required to be a correctional officer?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score /50
62 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
Vocabulary
Definitions
Lesson 7
alternative
n.
different possibility or option
•
The alternative to waiting for traffic to clear was to take a different
route.
Also adj. alternative; adv. alternatively
collate
v.
to put together in order, usually alphabetical or numerical
•
The new photocopier at Dean’s office will collate the papers for you.
Also n. collator
completion
n.
the condition of being finished
•
Completion of the construction project was scheduled for May 24.
Also v. complete
detail
n.
a small fact or item of information
•
Helen’s attention to details is one of her greatest strengths.
Also v. detail
determine
v.
1.
2.
•
to discover the facts about something
to make decisions about something
1.
The coroner was unable to determine the cause of death.
2. The team will vote to determine who will be the captain.
Also n. determination
effective
adj.
1.
2.
•
producing a successful result
in operation; active
1.
An effective way of dealing with bad breath is to eat a sprig of
parsley or peppermint.
2. The new policy becomes effective September 25.
Also n. effect, effectiveness; adv. effectively
efficient
adj. able to do something well and thoroughly with no waste of time,
money or energy
•
The doctor wanted an efficient receptionist to handle all his
telephone calls.
Also n. efficiency; adv. efficiently
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 63
function
n.
1.
2.
•
normal action or use; purpose
a social event
1.
The function of the new postage machine is to stamp letters more
quickly.
2. A special function was planned to celebrate their 50th anniversary.
Also v. function; adj. functional
instructions
n.
1.
directions; detailed information on how to do something
2. orders or directions from a boss or parent that should be followed
•
1.
2.
Zeljka followed the instructions on the box to assemble the desk.
Betty’s boss left instructions for her to have the company car
serviced.
Also v. instruct; adj. instructional
inventory
a collection of articles owned or on hand; stock
2. a detailed list of such articles with their estimated value
n.
1.
•
1.
The store's inventory was low because it had not received several
shipments from suppliers.
2. When John's mother died, he had to draw up an inventory of her
assets.
Also v. inventory
photocopy
n.
a picture of a document made by a special machine
•
A photocopy of the report was given to each employee.
Also n. photocopier; v. photocopy
profile
n.
a short description of a job or a person
•
After reading the job profile on the Internet, Anna applied for the
position.
Also n. profiler; v. profile
64 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
secondary
sort
relating to schooling that comes after elementary classes and before
college or university; high school
2. less important than other related things
3. coming after or as a result of
adj.
1.
•
While he was in secondary school, James explored different
colleges and universities.
2. James considered the location secondary to the types of programs
offered.
3. The flu can lead to secondary problems such as pneumonia or
bronchitis.
v.
to put things in order or into groups
•
Please have these files sorted alphabetically by the end of the week.
1.
Also n. sorter
volume
amount
2. loudness
3. one book from a set
n.
1.
•
1.
The volume of traffic on the highway is starting to cause problems.
2. The employees wore earplugs to reduce the volume of noise they
were exposed to inside the factory.
3. Have you finished with the second volume of the encyclopaedia?
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 65
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 7
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings. Use each word once.
efficient
secondary
detailed
collate
profile
function
alternative
determine
effective
volume
1.
the amount of something
________________________________
2.
a description of the key features of something
________________________________
3.
to put together in order
________________________________
4.
paying attention to individual items
________________________________
5.
what something does
________________________________
6.
another choice
________________________________
7.
of lesser importance
________________________________
8.
to make a decision
________________________________
9.
achieving a good result
________________________________
10. not wasting time or money
________________________________
Score
66 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 7
Read the text and fill in the blanks using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word
once.
instructions
collate
detailed
inventory
photocopy
effective
determine
volume
efficient
function
In order to (1)________________ well in a busy office environment it is important to make
the most (2)________________ use of your time. Anyone who has had to copy a high
(3)________________ of pages knows that the glass on the (4)________________ machine
should be cleaned and the ink cartridge or toner will eventually need to be replaced. Since
re-ordering and delivering paper and toner takes time, it is important to maintain an
(5)________________ of these items. Every work order will include a (6)________________
explanation of the type and colour of paper and whether the copies are to be one-sided or
two-sided. The machine can be programmed to (7)________________ the copies into
booklets. Next, it is important to check each booklet to (8)__________________ whether the
pages are arranged and numbered correctly. A photocopy machine operator will be more
(9)________________ in an office setting if he or she is a detail-oriented person and is able to
follow (10)________________ precisely.
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 67
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 7
Circle the letters that corresponds to the correct answer(s) to the questions below. There may
be more than one correct answer for each question.
1.
Which of the following are detailed accounts?
a)
biography
b)
instruction manual
c)
d)
summary
court transcript
2.
Which of the following are examples of an inventory?
a)
merchandise in stock
c) catalogue
b)
list of property
d) wine order
3.
Which of the following are efficient?
a)
low-wattage light bulbs
b)
long coffee breaks
c)
d)
hybrid cars
thermal insulated windows
Which of the following have volume?
a)
stack of mail
b)
litre of juice
c)
d)
surround sound system
crumb
Which of the following could one determine?
a)
long-term effects of substance abuse
b)
the shortest route to take on a map
c)
d)
evidence
results from a medical test
Which of the following would be effective?
a)
medicine that works
b)
a catchy ad
c)
d)
a weak sales pitch
poor study habits
4.
5.
6.
7.
Which of the following could happen at the completion of a social event?
a)
applause
c) cleaning
b)
preliminary hearing
d) new sales order
8.
Which of the following could be an alternative to overspending?
a)
budgeting
c) saving
b)
using credit
d) increasing inventory
9.
Which of the following should have clear instructions?
a)
on-line map
c) medicine bottle
b)
control tower
d) work order
10. Which of the following could be secondary?
a)
high school
b)
main idea
c)
d)
an aftershock
Prime Minister of Canada
Score
68 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
/10
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 7
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
efficient
secondary
profile
effective
instructions
alternative
collate
completion
sort
inventory
1.
first is to second as primary is to
____________________________
2.
budget is to penny-wise as time management is to
____________________________
3.
stamps are to collect as pages are to
____________________________
4.
start is to beginning as finish is to
____________________________
5.
stand still is to move as mix up is to
____________________________
6.
house is to residence as stock is to
____________________________
7.
drawing is to portrait as description is to
____________________________
8.
rough is to smooth as unsuccessful is to
____________________________
9.
dictionary is to definitions as manual is to
____________________________
10. compliment is to praise as option is to
____________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 69
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 7
Read the job description below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
Photocopy Machine Operator NOC 9471
Career Profiles > Clerical; Secretarial; Office Equipment Operator
Employment Requirements:
Successful completion of a minimum of two years of secondary school or Public Service Commission
(PSC) approved alternatives
Duties:
o Understand and carry out clients’ detailed instructions on the printing machines
o Handle high volume periods in an effective and efficient manner
o Determine inventory and order supplies to maintain the photocopy function
o Clean machines, replace ink and adjust settings
o Sort and collate papers
70 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
Questions
1.
Lesson 7
What is the NOC (National Occupational Classification) number for a photocopy
machine operator?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
Name one task for a photocopy machine operator.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
What is meant by a “high volume period”?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
Why is it important to determine inventory?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
What level of education is needed to be a photocopy machine operator?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score /50
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 71
Vocabulary
Definitions
applicable
adj.
affecting or relating to something; relevant
•
Terry’s new car cost $25,900 plus applicable taxes.
Lesson 8
Also n. application; v. apply
attach
v.
to connect or join
•
To demonstrate ability to follow instructions, the company asked
applicants to attach a cover letter to their application form.
Also n. attachment
continue
v.
to keep doing something
•
In order to meet the deadline, we will have to continue to work
long hours.
Also adj. continual, continuous; adv. continually, continuously
deadline
directions
document
n.
a time by which something must be done or finished
•
Henry was upset to learn that he had missed the deadline for
applications.
n.
instructions that let you know what to do
•
The directions for using the label maker were very difficult to
understand.
n.
paper(s) with information or proof of something
•
A passport is an official document that proves your identity.
Also n. documentation; v. document; adj. documentary
employment
n.
work or job that is done to earn money; being occupied in the
workforce
•
He was looking for full-time employment in the construction
industry.
Also n. employee, employer; v. employ; adj. employable
goal
n.
1.
an aim, purpose or ambition
2. a point scored in a sport such as hockey, soccer or football
•
1.
A goal of many companies is to create environmentally friendly
policies.
2. They needed one more goal to win the game.
72 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
information
n.
a collection of facts or knowledge
•
Jerome has a lot of interesting information about wildlife
conservation.
Also n. informer, informant; v. inform
polite
adj.
having good manners; showing consideration for others
•
In Canada, it is considered polite to shake hands when you are
introduced to someone.
Also n. politeness; adv. politely
provide
v.
to supply something or give someone something that they need
•
At the interview, Jerry was asked to provide a list of references.
Also n. provider, provision
résumé
suit
n.
a one- or two-page description of work experience, education,
knowledge
•
Jonathan attached his résumé to the application form as the
employer had requested.
v.
to be a good fit, right or acceptable for a situation, person or
occasion
●
Accounting jobs suit people who enjoy working with numbers.
n.
1.
a set of something that matches
lawsuit; a disagreement that is taken to court for a legal decision
2. a
•
Terrence bought a new suit to wear to the interview.
2. Karen filed a suit against her former employer for wrongful
dismissal.
1.
Also adj. suitable
unpaid
adj.
1.
2.
volunteer
done without the exchange of money
still owing
•
1.
v.
to willingly do something helpful without being paid
•
Theresa would like to volunteer with the Humane Society because
she loves animals.
Volunteer work is sometimes called unpaid labour.
2. Hector’s debt to his parents remains unpaid.
Also n. volunteer; adj. voluntary; adv. voluntarily
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 73
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 8
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings. Use each word once.
résumé
deadline
employment
applicable
document
polite
continue
attach
goal
directions
1.
to join two things
________________________________
2.
a person’s work or business
________________________________
3.
an aim or objective
________________________________
4.
a printed record
________________________________
5.
a summary of employment history
________________________________
6.
fitting for a situation or purpose
________________________________
7.
to keep going
________________________________
8.
civil towards others
________________________________
9.
the time when something is due
________________________________
10.
instructions
________________________________
Score
74 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 8
Replace the underlined word(s) with a vocabulary word that has a similar meaning. Put the
correct answer in the space provided. Use each word once.
information
attach
provide
deadline
polite
goal
document(s)
applicable
continue
directions
1.
When the police officer stopped him for speeding, Joe realized
that he had left his car ownership papers at home.
1.______________
2.
The guidelines are relevant to all departments.
2.______________
3.
An Olympic runner tries to keep running until the end of the race.
3.______________
4.
Follow the steps and procedures in the owner’s manual.
4.______________
5.
I gained a lot of knowledge in the training session.
5.______________
6.
It is important to secure a baby’s car seat to the back seat of the
car.
6.______________
7.
The company is going to equip us with new computers.
7.______________
8.
Employees have to request their summer vacation before the time
limit.
8.______________
9.
A diplomat is well-mannered.
9.______________
10.
The fundraising target is $500,000.
10._____________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 75
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 8
Circle the letters that correspond to the correct answer(s) to the questions below. There may
be more than one correct answer for each question.
1.
Which of the following are examples of a document?
a)
conversation
c)
deed
b)
certificate
d)
written testimony
2.
Which of the following might have a deadline?
a)
gift shopping
c)
b)
school assignment
d)
contest
cup of coffee
Which of the following might be a goal?
a)
a career in finance
b)
a surprise visit
improving oral communication
toasting a slice of bread
3.
4.
5.
6.
c)
d)
Which of the following might not be applicable?
a)
admissible evidence at a trial
c)
b)
blue jeans at a wedding
d)
valid passport when travelling abroad
asking marital status on a job application
Which of the following contain information?
a)
a research report on the polar bear
b)
a facsimile
c)
d)
a phone book
a list of instructions
Which of the following can you attach?
a)
a dog to a leash
b)
water to a faucet
c)
d)
papers to a clipboard
a boat to a dock
7.
Which of the following are examples of volunteering?
a)
canvassing for a charity
c)
offering to make the coffee
b)
working at a bank
d)
selling real estate
8.
Which of the following might include directions?
a)
passport application
c)
b)
a new DVD player
d)
can of soup
invitation
Which of the following might be unpaid?
a)
credit card statement
b)
time spent babysitting a younger sister
c)
d)
mortgage
invoice
Which of the following can you provide?
a)
support
b)
a meal
c)
d)
happiness
information
9.
10.
Score
76 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
/10
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 8
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
attach
applicable
employment
directions
provide
deadline
goal
continue
polite
document
1.
happening is to event as working is to
__________________________
2.
satisfaction is to enjoyment as objective is to
__________________________
3.
take is to give as disconnect is to
__________________________
4.
begin is to start date as finish is to
__________________________
5.
cluttered is to tidy as irrelevant is to
__________________________
6.
complaints are to objections as instructions are to
__________________________
7.
poodle is to dog as licence is to
__________________________
8.
live is to die as stop is to
__________________________
9.
mean is to kind as rude is to
__________________________
10. hold is to grab as supply is to
__________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 77
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 8
Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
Filling out Application Forms
When you apply for a job, you will be asked to fill in some kind of application form. Make
sure you read the whole document first and follow the directions carefully. Make sure you
provide your Social Insurance Number (SIN) if you are asked for it. Print or write as neatly as
you can, using a black or blue pen or marker. If you make a mess of the application, ask for a
new one and start again.
Answer every question. Write 'N/A' (not applicable) if a question doesn't apply to you.
Include all of your paid and unpaid work in the "Work Experience" section. Be honest.
Remember that you will have to sign your name to the information you provide.
When you are finished, sign and date the application, and attach it to your cover letter and
résumé. If you are in a Service Canada Centre, hand it in to an employment officer. If you
find a job listing in an ad or on a job poster, you should mail or hand-deliver your reply to the
employer a couple of days before the deadline.
Follow Your Application Trail
Okay, so you've made the move and applied for the job. What's next? You can't just sit and
wait for the phone to ring; you have to continue on the journey. Here's what you can do:
•
•
If you have a phone number and contact name, call to confirm that your application
was received. Remember to be polite and professional.
Apply for other jobs. You never know what you might be offered!
Source: Looking for a Job, Service Canada
http://www.youth.gc.ca/yoaux.jsp?&lang=en&flash=0&ta=1&auxpageid=218
Quick Tip:
If you have a career goal in mind, look for jobs that will help you develop the skills, knowledge
and experience you will need in that career. If you can't find a paying job that relates to your
career goal, try volunteering in your spare time. Volunteering can help you get the skills and
experience you need to find paid employment that suits you, or get a career edge.
Source: Looking for a Job, Service Canada
http://www.youth.gc.ca/yoaux.jsp?contentpageid=212&lang=en&flash=0&ta=1
78 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
Questions
1.
Lesson 8
What does N/A mean and when would you use it?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
According to this passage, what might a job applicant have to provide?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
What should you do if your application looks messy?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What is another name for unpaid work, and how can it help you get paid
employment?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
How should you follow up?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 79
Vocabulary Review: Unit 2
Complete the crossword puzzle using vocabulary words from the lessons in this unit.
ACROSS
2. to like something and be thankful for it
5. merchandise on hand
7. aim or purpose
8. official document proving education
13. written announcement
DOWN
1. central, as in government
2. affecting or relating to something or
someone
3. when someone is paid to work for a
person or company
14. to ignore something or someone
4. to cause something to take longer than
planned
16. prison or school, for example
5. bill for goods or services provided
17. number or amount of something
6. quick and on time
18. accomplishing something using time and
energy wisely
9. detailed information on how to do
something
19. describes something that happens first or
is the main or most important thing
10. someone who offers to do something
20. showing good manners
11. people in general, as a large organized
group
21. different possible choice
12. formal oral or written message
15. document describing your education
and work experience
80 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 2
Unit 2 Word List
These are the vocabulary words from Unit 2. The number beside each word
indicates the lesson in which it was studied.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
alternative (7)
applicable (8)
appreciate (5)
attach (8)
back ordered (5)
collate (7)
completion (7)
continue (8)
correctional (6)
current (5)
deadline (8)
delay (5)
description (5)
detail (7)
determine (7)
diploma (6)
directions (8)
disregard (5)
document (8)
effective (7)
efficient (7)
employment (8)
enquiry (5)
federal (5)
fulfillment (6)
function (7)
goal (8)
in-depth (6)
information (8)
institution (6)
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
instructions (7)
inventory (7)
invoice (5)
maintain (5)
mission (6)
motivation (6)
notice (5)
offender (6)
photocopy (7)
polite (8)
possess (6)
primary (6)
profile (7)
prompt (5)
provide (8)
reintegration (6)
remittance (5)
résumé (8)
secondary (7)
security (6)
society (6)
sort (7)
statement (5)
stock (5)
suit (8)
thrive (6)
unpaid (8)
vital (6)
volume (7)
volunteer (8)
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 81
Unit 3
Lesson 9:
Page 83
chemist
concerned
consumer
decompose
degradable
experimenting
issue
landfill
material
patent
plant
polyethylene
production
roughly
solution
Lesson 10:
Page 92
chairperson
commend
courteous
dozen
extremely
file
financial
management
manner
pioneer
rare
receptionist
request
schedule
trace
Lesson 11:
Page 101
ability
adventure
avoid
belief
decide
identify
impression
limitation
opinion
opportunity
pride
situation
strength
value
weakness
Lesson 12:
Page 110
according to
accreditation
attendant
board
client
communication
extended
guarantee
hospitality
imply
minimum
period
reporting
responsibility
tourism
Unit Review:
Crossword Puzzle
82 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
Page 119
Vocabulary
Definitions
Lesson 9
chemist
n.
a scientist who studies substances and how they interact with one
another
•
Chemists in the research department are working on a new insect
repellent.
Also n. chemistry; adj. chemical
concerned
adj. worried about; interested in
•
Parents and teachers are concerned about the quality of children's
education.
Also n. concern; v. concern
consumer
n.
the buyer or user of a product or service
•
We asked consumers to fill out a short survey so that we could
learn more about the people who buy our products and how we can
better serve them.
Also n. consumerism, consumable, consumption; v. consume
decompose
v.
to decay or rot; break down
•
It takes one million years for a glass bottle to decompose in the
environment.
Also n. decomposition
degradable
adj. capable of decomposing
•
Paper products buried in garbage sites are degradable and will
disappear over time.
Also v. degrade
experimenting
n.
scientific testing of new ideas and practices
•
Animal rights activists believe that experimenting on animals to
test new drugs is cruel and should be stopped.
Also n. experiment, experimentation; v. experiment; adj. experimental;
adv. experimentally
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 83
issue
v.
to give something out officially or publicly
●
The government will not issue a driver’s licence to someone under
sixteen.
n.
1.
2.
landfill
material
a particular edition of something, such as a magazine or stamps
a problem; an important topic
•
1.
n.
where garbage is buried
•
Most people wouldn’t want a landfill in their neighbourhood.
n.
1.
2.
2.
•
The new issue of the magazine is full of articles about fitness.
It was not an issue for the children to play on her lawn.
a substance that things can be made from
information such as facts, notes, research
1.
Oil is the raw material from which plastics are made.
2. Laurie has gathered a lot of interesting material for her book.
Also n. materialism; v. materialize; adj. material; adv. materially
patent
n.
exclusive rights granted by the government to an inventor to make or
sell an invention; an official document describing such rights
•
He applied for a patent on the humane mousetrap he invented.
Also v. patent
plant
n.
1.
2.
●
factory
living thing growing in the earth
1.
The new car plant provided many jobs in the community.
2. I have many different types of plants in my garden.
Also n. planter; v. plant
polyethylene
production
n.
a strong, thin plastic material used for bags
•
China banned the use of polyethylene grocery bags to reduce
pollution.
n.
1.
•
1.
making, manufacturing or growing something
2. output; what is produced
3. a play or musical show
Our company specializes in the production of plastic cutlery.
2. Alberta has increased oil production since the development of the
oil sands.
3. The school's spring production was the musical Grease.
Also n. product, producer, productivity; v. produce; adj. productive;
adv. productively
84 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
roughly
adv.
1.
approximately
2. forcefully or violently
•
1.
2.
The construction site was roughly 60,000 square metres in size.
The boy was told not to play so roughly with his little brother.
Also n. roughness; adj. rough
solution
n.
1.
2.
•
the answer to a problem
a solid product dissolved into a liquid
1.
The solution to the ant problem was to call an exterminator.
2. Mark makes his own environmentally friendly cleaning solutions.
Also n. solubility; v. solve, dissolve; adj. soluble
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 85
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 9
Match a vocabulary word to the following meanings. Use the circled letters to solve the
mystery sentence below.
landfill
solution
production
degradable
issued
concerned
chemist
material
experimenting
consumers
{
1.
decomposable
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
2.
person who studies substances
and the way they interact
___ ___
3.
testing
___ ___
4.
purchasers
___ ___ ___ ___
5.
worried
___ ___
6.
manufacturing
___ ___ ___ ___ ___
7.
answer to a problem
___ ___ ___ ___
8.
granted, given
___ ___ ___
9.
substance
___
10.
area for burying waste
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
{
{
___ ___
___ ___ ___ ___
{
{
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
{
___ ___ ___ ___
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
{
{
{
___ ___ ___ ___
___ ___ ___
___ ___
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
{
___
Mystery Sentence:
A good employee should ____ ____
____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____.
Score
86 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 9
Replace the underlined word(s) with a vocabulary word that has a similar meaning. Put the
correct answer in the space provided. Use each word once.
chemist
decomposes
roughly
plant
consumers
polyethylene
patent
experimenting
issued
solution
1.
A document indicating his rights to his invention protected
John from having his idea copied.
1.______________
2.
The police officer officially presented a speeding ticket to
the driver who was driving too fast.
2.______________
3.
It is unfortunate that grocery bags made from a strong, thin
plastic material are not degradable when buried.
3.______________
4.
Marie Curie, a famous scientist who experimented with
chemical reactions, won two Nobel Prizes.
4.______________
5.
In some cities, yard waste is collected and taken to a special
composting site, where it quickly breaks down into simpler
substances and produces a rich soil called humus.
5.______________
6.
The industrial building in which rubber tires used to be
produced has been converted into expensive lofts and
condominiums.
6.______________
7.
Advertising is aimed at people who buy products and
services.
7.______________
8.
Close to 30 million people live in Canada.
8.______________
9.
The Research and Development Department is constantly
conducting tests to improve the company’s products and to
create better ones.
9.______________
10.
The scientists were unable to find a suitable answer to the
problem.
10._____________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 87
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 9
Circle the letters that correspond to the possible meanings of the vocabulary words below.
There may be more than one match for each word.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
plant
a) factory
b) tree
c) vegetable
d) nuclear facility
consumer
a) a Christmas shopper
b) a bike
c) a computer
d) an electrical appliance
roughly
a) about
b) smoothly
c) abusively
d) not exactly
decompose
a) create
b) rot
c) decay
d) build
issue
a) to give out
b) to present
c) a serious problem
d) a topic
concerned
a) hopeful
b) worried
c) anxious
d) pleased
solution
a) a mixture of sugar and water
b) mathematical result
c) answer to a puzzle
d) mystery
production
a) making something
b) wheat crop
c) a drama or musical
d) output
polyethylene
a) thin plastic
b) dress fabric
c) gasoline
d) wrapping paper
chemist
a) manager
b) scientist
c) receptionist
d) researcher
Score
88 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
/10
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 9
A prefix is an element at the beginning of a word. The prefix “poly” means many.
1.
Polyethylene is a plastic made up of many simple molecules chained together. (A
molecule is the smallest amount of a chemical substance that can exist by itself.)
2.
A polytechnical school teaches many technical subjects and skills.
3.
A polygon is a geometric figure (shape) with many angles and sides (e.g., triangle,
octagon).
4.
A polyglot can read and write in many languages.
5.
A polygraph (lie detector) works by measuring many responses of the body (pulse,
breathing rate, blood pressure).
Fill in the blanks below using the words polyethylene, polytechnical, polygon, polyglot and
polygraph.
1.
Our local community college is a __________________________ institution because
it offers a wide variety of technology courses and teaches many skilled trades.
2.
The __________________________ had no difficulty getting a job as an interpreter
with the United Nations.
3.
The accused man offered to take a __________________________ test to prove he
was telling the truth.
4.
A pentagon, which has five sides, is a __________________________.
5.
Although __________________________ grocery bags are convenient to use, they
are a cause of pollution and are being banned in some cities.
Score
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 89
/5
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 9
Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
The Garbage Bag
Source
Garbage day before the invention of garbage bags
Inventors: Harry Wasylyk, Larry Hanson, Frank Plomp
Until the end of the Second World War, garbage day always meant lots of noise, as millions of
metal garbage cans were emptied and thrown back down.
Enter Winnipeg inventor Harry Wasylyk, who began experimenting with a new material
called polyethylene . Wasylyk made his first plastic bags in his kitchen and supplied them to
the Winnipeg General Hospital to line their garbage cans. His business grew, and he quickly
moved production from his kitchen to a manufacturing plant. Around the same time, Larry
Hanson, an employee at a Union Carbide factory, began to make garbage bags to use around
the factory. Union Carbide knew a great idea when it saw one. The company bought Wasylyk's
business and began producing garbage bags on a large scale. Another Canadian, Frank Plomp
of Toronto, was also working on the same idea in the 1950s. He sold his garbage bags to
hospitals and offices. Three inventors working on the same idea at roughly the same time, and
all of them Canadian!
Scientists and consumers are now concerned about all the plastic garbage bags that are
ending up as landfill. It may take more than a thousand years for some plastics to decompose!
Part of the solution may come from another Canadian invention: In 1971, University of
Toronto chemist Dr. James Guillet developed a plastic that decomposes when left in direct
sunlight. Guillet's degradable plastic was the one millionth Canadian patent issued! Now
someone just has to figure out how to make plastic decompose when buried!
Adapted from Cool Canada, Library and Archives Canada
http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/cool/002027-2005-e.html
90 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
Questions
1.
Lesson 9
Who is credited with inventing plastic garbage bags?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
Where were the first polyethylene garbage bags produced?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
What company bought Wasylyk’s business and began producing garbage bags on a
large scale?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What two other Canadian inventors experimented with making garbage bags from
polyethylene around the same time?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
What important contribution did Dr. James Guillet make to the development of
plastic?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score
/45
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 91
Vocabulary
Definitions
chairperson
n.
the person in charge of a meeting, committee, organization or board
•
The chairperson opened the meeting by welcoming all those
present.
(sometimes
shortened to chair)
Lesson 10
Also n. chairman, chairwoman; v. chair
commend
v.
to praise or congratulate
•
The supervisor commended the employees in his department for
their efforts in increasing production.
Also n. commendation; adj. commendable
courteous
adj.
polite
•
He was courteous to the teacher, as he wanted to make a good
impression.
Also n. courtesy; adv. courteously
dozen
extremely
n.
twelve items together
•
He bought a dozen donuts to share with everyone at the meeting.
adj.
very
•
During the recession, the worker found it extremely difficult to find
a job.
Also n. extreme; adj. extreme
file
a collection of papers on one topic or subject, usually placed in a
folder and stored in a filing cabinet
2. a collection of information stored on a computer
3. a tool used to smooth or shape wood, metal or other materials
n.
1.
•
1.
I asked to have my dental file sent to my new dentist.
My doctor stores patient information in his computer because
electronic files take up less room and are easily accessible.
3. The plumber used a file to smooth the rough edges after he cut the
pipe.
2.
Also v. file
92 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
financial
adj.
having to do with money
•
My financial situation improved when I was given a promotion and
a raise.
Also n. finance, finances, financier; v. finance; adv. financially
management
n.
1.
the employees who direct a business or organization
2. the act of running a business
•
1.
2.
The company is under new management and doing very well.
When he graduates from his course in Hotel Management, he
hopes to get a job running a large hotel in a tourist area.
Also n. manager; v. manage; adj. managerial
manner
n.
1.
2.
pioneer
rare
the way something is done
way of speaking and behaving in a particular situation
•
Melanie is learning how to take minutes in the correct manner.
2. Dr. Smith's patients appreciate his gentle, relaxed bedside
manner.
n.
1.
•
1.
adj.
1.
1.
the first or one of the first to travel to or settle in an unexplored
area
2. a person who is the first to work in a field of study or make a
discovery
Many pioneers left their homes in England and Germany and
came to the Great Lakes region of Canada to make new homes.
2. Marc Garneau earned the title of Canadian space pioneer as the
first Canadian to fly on a NASA mission to space.
2.
•
uncommon, scarce
meat that is not cooked for very long and is still red
1.
It is rare to find an employee who is willing to work every
weekend.
2. The waitress asked if I would like my steak rare or well done.
Also n. rarity; adv. rarely
receptionist
n.
an employee who greets visitors, answers the phone and makes
appointments
•
I would like to be a receptionist because I really enjoy meeting new
people and talking on the phone.
Also n. reception
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 93
request
v.
to ask for something
•
The insurance company requested the injured worker’s medical
files.
Also n. request
schedule
n.
timetable
•
The schedule confirms that the train leaves at 5:00 a.m. and will
arrive at its destination at 6:00 p.m.
v.
to arrange for something to happen at a particular time
•
I told the dentist I would call next week to schedule an appointment.
Also n. scheduler; adj. scheduled
trace
v.
1.
to find or track down
2. to copy a drawing or pattern
•
1.
Their family tree traced their ancestors back to the 18th century.
2. The children love to trace their favourite storybook pictures.
Also n. tracing, trace; adj. traceable
94 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 10
Match each vocabulary word with its meaning. Write the correct letters on the lines
provided.
1.
____
receptionist
a)
a timetable showing dates and deadlines
2.
____
management
b)
searched for and found
3.
____
commend
c)
asked for
4.
____
requested
d)
referring to money
5.
____
file
e)
to praise
6.
____
schedule
f)
people in control of a company
7.
____
traced
g)
not in great supply
8.
____
financial
h)
9.
____
chairperson
i)
a collection of information on a particular
topic
an employee who answers the phone
10.
____
rare
j)
someone who leads a meeting
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 95
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 10
Read the text and fill in the blanks using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word
once.
commended
schedule
financial
manner
extremely
courteous
management
receptionist
request
files
Kate enjoys working with people, so she applied for a job as a (1)________________ at a
local dental clinic. Fortunately for Kate, the dentist who owned the clinic liked her résumé and
phoned her to (2)_________________ that she come to an interview. At the interview he told
Kate he liked her cheerful personality and positive attitude. He pointed out that it would be
important for her to always be (3)_________________ friendly and (4)_________________
because she would be the first person a client met when coming to the clinic. He also told her
she should have a pleasant telephone (5)_________________ because a major part of her job
would be to (6)_________________ dental appointments over the telephone. He questioned
her about her math ability because she would be involved in billing and sending
(7)_________________ claims to insurance companies. Another important responsibility
would be the organization and management of clients’ dental (8)_________________.
Kate was very excited about the position. She liked the variety of tasks she would have to
perform. This job was more than answering the telephone; she would be responsible for the
(9)_________________ of the office!
The dentist (10)_________________ Kate for an excellent interview and offered her the
position.
Score
96 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
/10
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 10
Circle the letters that correspond to the best match(es) in each case. There may be more
than one correct answer.
1.
What is an example of something that could be requested?
a) storm
c) promotion
b) file
d) illness
2.
What is an example of something that is rare?
a) diamond
c)
b) bald eagles
d)
computers
meat
3.
What is an example of something that can be traced?
a) family tree
c) phone call
b) sketch
d) criticism
4.
What is an example of something you would commend?
a) winning a scholarship
c) failing a test
b) being late for work
d) getting a promotion
5.
What would not be considered a financial activity?
a) investing in the stock market
c) volunteering at a local school
b) opening a bank account
d) taking out a mortgage
6.
Which of the following would have a chairperson?
a) a school board
c) a company
b) a committee
d) a kindergarten class
7.
In which of the following would you find a file?
a) computer
c)
b) beauty salon
d)
office
hardware store
8.
Which of the following would likely hire a receptionist?
a) a warehouse
c) a hospital
b) a lawyer’s office
d) a small gift shop
9.
Which items could be scheduled?
a) appointments
b) classes
10.
c)
d)
TV programs
rehearsals
Which of the following could be considered a pioneer?
a) a medical scientist
c) a settler
b) a traveler in space
d) a recent immigrant
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 97
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 10
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. The first one is done
for you.
dozen
commend
request
chairperson
rare
management
financial
pioneer
receptionist
file
1.
restaurant is to hostess as office is to
______________________________
2.
two is to pair as twelve is to
______________________________
3.
scold is to praise as criticize is to
______________________________
4.
actor is to directors as worker is to
______________________________
5.
generous is to greedy as plentiful is to
______________________________
6.
make is to create as ask is to
______________________________
7.
______________________________
8.
country is to Prime Minister as committee
is to
space is to astronaut as wilderness is to
______________________________
9.
money is to wallet as papers are to
______________________________
10.
laws are to legal as money is to
______________________________
Score
98 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
/10
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 10
Read the letter below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
516 West Crescent
Winnipeg, Manitoba R1M 3L0
Wednesday, December 19
George Hanna, Office Manager
ABC Accounting Limited
123 Tasteful Avenue
Winnipeg, Manitoba R1P 0P1
Dear Mr. Hanna:
I wish to commend your receptionist, Nancy Carver, for the excellent manner in which she
handled my problem yesterday. I came to your office to pick up financial documents in
advance of a management meeting scheduled for later in the afternoon. I was told that the file
would be available at the reception desk any time after 11:00 a.m.
I arrived at your office at 11:30 a.m. and requested the documents. I was extremely upset to
discover that the documents had not been left at reception as promised. Ms. Carver remained
courteous and friendly. She made half a dozen telephone calls on my behalf, not giving up
until she had traced the missing documents. Thanks to Ms. Carver, I arrived at my meeting on
time and was ready to do business.
Such professionalism is rare nowadays. Ms. Carver is an asset to your organization and is part
of the reason I look forward to doing business with you again in the future.
Sincerely,
David Day
Chairperson
Pioneer Land Development Company
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 99
Questions
1.
Lesson 10
Which sentence tells you the purpose of the letter?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
Where is Mr. Day’s development company located?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
Why is Nancy Carver an asset to ABC Accounting?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
Would you say this letter is a “good news” letter or a “bad news” letter?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
How does Mr. Day end the letter on a positive note?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
100 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Vocabulary
Definitions
Lesson 11
ability
n.
skill or talent
•
Tom’s most outstanding abilities are his excellent computer skills
and his talent for managing time-sensitive projects.
Also adj. able; adv. ably
adventure
n.
an exciting or remarkable experience
•
Travelling through the desert on a camel to see the pyramids was the
adventure of a lifetime.
Also n. adventurer; adj. adventurous
avoid
v.
to stay away from something or someone
•
I avoid cooking because I’m not very good at it.
Also n. avoidance; adj. avoidable
belief
n.
firm opinion
•
It’s my belief that computers have not reduced the amount of work
that I do everyday.
Also v. believe; adj. believable; adv. believably
decide
v.
to make a choice after thinking something over carefully
•
In order for this relationship to work, we have to decide how we are
going to divide up the housework.
Also n. decision, decider
identify
v.
to recognize or name something or someone
•
I failed biology because I wasn’t able to identify all the parts of the
body.
Also n. identification; adj. identifiable; adv. identifiably
impression
n.
an idea or opinion of someone or something
•
She dressed in a neat, black business suit and arrived ten minutes
early to make a good impression on her interviewer.
Also v. impress; adj. impressive, impressionable; adv. impressively
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 101
limitation
n.
restriction
•
There are no limitations on the gym membership; you can access all
facilities.
Also n. limit; v. limit; adj. limited
opinion
n.
a thought or judgment about something or someone that isn’t always
based on knowledge or proof
•
In my opinion, you don’t have any right to complain about the food
if you didn’t pay for it.
Also adj. opinionated
opportunity
n.
a favourable situation or good chance
•
Participating in an exchange program was a wonderful opportunity
for Jessica to make new friends and see how people live in another
country.
Also n. opportunist; adj. opportune; adv. opportunely
pride
n.
satisfaction from doing something well
personal sense of dignity, value, self-respect
3. self-importance, conceit, arrogance
1.
2.
•
It is good to take pride in your work and always do your best.
pride was hurt when she didn’t get the job she wanted, but
she kept looking for an even better opportunity.
3. Her pride prevented her from admitting when she was wrong.
1.
2. Amy’s
Also adj. proud; adv. proudly
situation
strength
n.
events or conditions happening together
•
The Canadian Forces handled the refugee situation with compassion
and professionalism.
n.
1.
2.
•
something someone is good at
physical energy to do a particular activity or withstand something
1.
Kendra’s strengths include a willingness to learn and a positive
attitude.
2. It takes strength to lift a 50 kilogram box.
Also adj. strong; adv. strongly
102 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
value
n.
1.
2.
•
a thing that is important to a person; a belief or principle
the amount something is worth
1.
Two key values of many Canadian companies are giving back to
their communities and being environmentally friendly.
2. The value of the item for the gift exchange must not exceed $10.
Also v. value; adj. valuable, valued
weakness
n.
1.
personal shortcoming or flaw
2. lack of strength
•
1.
Gary believes that he has two weaknesses: he doesn’t write as well
as he would like and he doesn’t know how to use a computer.
2. A serious illness is often followed by a period of weakness and
tiredness.
Also adj. weak; adv. weakly
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 103
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 11
Circle the letter for the word that is closest in meaning to the vocabulary word. There is only
one correct answer in each case.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
limitation
a) restriction
b) elimination
c) stoppage
d) increase
identify
a) show
b) ignore
c) recognize
d) believe
decide
a) forget
b) conclude
c) remember
d) debate
pride
a) honour
b) care
c) self-respect
d) hope
opportunity
a) chance
b) trial
c) offer
d) desire
adventure
a) exciting experience
b) opportunity
c) pride
d) virus
opinion
a) skill or talent
b) personal feeling
c) ability
d) dexterity
situation
a) jeopardy
b) impression
c) limitation
d) circumstances
values
a) pride
b) principles
c) decision
d) satisfaction
weakness
a) shortcoming
b) strength
c) impression
d) sense
Score
104 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 11
Replace the underlined word(s) with a vocabulary word that has a similar meaning. Put the
correct answer in the space provided. Use each word once.
strengths
pride
situation
adventure
avoid
opinion
value
opportunity
belief
identify
1.
When writing a résumé, always remember to emphasize the
things that you do well.
1.________________
2.
His jungle safari in Kenya proved to be the most exciting
experience of his life.
2.________________
3.
I am trying to stay away from anyone with a cold because I
don’t want to get sick when I am on vacation
3.________________
4.
The cashier was asked if she could recognize and point out
the robbery suspect in the police line-up.
4.________________
5.
My personal judgment on smoking is that it is unhealthy,
costly and a serious waste of time.
5.________________
6.
The new recreation centre has made positive changes to the
social events and conditions in our community.
6.________________
7.
Being recognized for doing a good job gives you a sense of
satisfaction in the work you do.
7.________________
8.
Her coach's confidence in her helped the athlete stick with her 8.________________
training after she lost the race.
9.
We should be ready to make use of any favourable situation
to do something that luck might bring our way.
9.________________
10.
The qualities that I treasure most are honesty and
unselfishness.
10._______________
Score /10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 105
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 11
Circle the letters that correspond to the correct answer(s) to the questions below. There may
be more than one correct answer for each question.
1.
Which of the following are considered abilities?
a) figure skating
c) being patient
b) painting portraits
d) doing math well
2.
Which of the following might have limitations?
a) video rentals
c) eternity
b) stars in the Milky Way
d) passengers on a bus
3.
Which of the following would be considered adventures?
a) a car accident
c) a journey to Mars
b) reading a book
d) moving to a new country
4.
On which of the following could you make an impression?
a) a teacher
c) a statue
b) an employer
d) an audience
5.
Which of the following involve making a decision?
a) judgment
c) vote
b) verdict
d) choice
6.
Which of the following could be values?
a) truthfulness
b) deceitfulness
c) dishonesty
d) fairness
In which of the following can you take pride?
a) moonlight
b) appearance
c) car
d) home
Which of the following are situations?
a) a car accident
b) a court case
c) an argument
d) bubblegum
Which of the following are opportunities?
a) a fatal illness
b) a job offer
c) a leading role in a play
d) a demotion
7.
8.
9.
10.
Which of the following could you express an opinion about?
a) the weather
c) food
b) the news
d) politics
Score
106 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
/10
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 11
The words in each section below have similar meanings but are used slightly differently.
Choose the word that best applies in each sentence and write it in the space provided.
opinions
1.
values
beliefs
a. The traditional ______________ of education include strict discipline and respect
for teachers.
b. The faithful prophet refused to give up his religious ______________ to save
himself from death.
c. The doctor wrote a letter to the newspaper expressing his ______________ about
prohibiting smoking in public places.
opinion
2.
attitude
a. Everyone has a different ______________ about how to bring up children.
b. No matter what setback she encounters, she always looks on the bright side and has
a positive ______________.
weakness
3.
limitation
a. The ______________ in his character was his extreme love of money.
b. His lack of education was a ______________ that blocked his promotion to
supervisor.
The word "pride" can have three different meanings. It can be a synonym for satisfaction,
self-respect or self-importance. In the sentences below, replace the word "pride" with the
correct synonym.
4.
a. Our school is always kept clean and in good repair. We are fortunate to have a
janitor who takes (pride) ______________ in his work.
b. Too much (pride) ______________ is not a good quality to have.
c. Dressing appropriately for work is important to his sense of (pride)
_____________.
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 107
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 11
Read the article below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
Will the Real “You” Please Step Forward?
Did you ever notice how some people can bounce right back, even if they've been turned down for a
job they wanted? They have a positive attitude, and that means they're more likely to succeed the next
time. Being yourself is the best way to get jobs you really like. But who are you? Do you have a good
opinion of your own abilities? Your attitude has as much to do with finding and keeping a job as your
skills and knowledge.
Positive Attitude Tips
Attitude is your choice - think positive! Here are some tips to a positive attitude:
• Think about life as an adventure filled with exciting unknowns.
• Look for the best in every situation. Where is the plus? Is there opportunity here?
• Decide what you want in life and stay true to your values and beliefs.
• Avoid using ‘quick fixes’ as solutions to problems.
• Know your strengths and remind yourself of them every day.
• Identify your weaknesses, and see them as limitations rather than flaws.
• Build on your strengths and find ways to reduce your limitations.
• Learn from your mistakes. Plan a different way to handle the situation next time.
• Speak up for yourself and put your pride into words.
• Say what you feel.
• Always try to speak the truth.
Be proud of who you are.
Source: Looking for a Job, Service Canada www.youth.gc.ca/yoaux.jsp?&lang=en&flash=0&ta=1&auxpageid=199
Quick Tip:
Here are six steps to effective networking, whether it is a quick chat or a planned meeting:
• Be on time - your contact has set aside some of his/her time to talk to you and help you out.
• Be tidy and organized, and make a good impression.
• Keep your visits short and to the point. Be prepared with questions.
• Appear enthusiastic about the information your contact is sharing.
• Never ask your contact to do your job search for you.
• Look at the meeting as an opportunity to gather information rather than as a job interview.
Source: Looking for a Job, Service Canada www.youth.gc.ca/yoaux.jsp?&lang=en&flash=0&ta=1&auxpageid=212
108 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
Questions
1.
Lesson 11
Why is it important to be on time when you are meeting a networking contact?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
When it comes to finding and keeping a job, what is just as important as skills and
knowledge?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
What is one thing you should avoid if you want to have a positive attitude?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
How do you know that you have learned from your mistakes?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
Why is it important to know your strengths?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 109
Vocabulary
Definitions
according to
adv. as stated by or in; in a manner corresponding to
•
Lesson 12
According to Evelyn, they are leaving for Cuba on Sunday.
Also n. accordance, accord; v. accord
accreditation
n.
official recognition usually related to education; certification
•
The medical school received accreditation from the
government for its new paramedic program.
Also v. accredit
attendant
n.
someone whose job is to wait on and help visitors or customers
•
The attendant at the gas station was friendly and served me
quickly.
Also n. attendance; v. attend
board
client
to get on a plane, ship or train
2. to pay for living quarters and meals
v.
1.
●
1.
n.
1.
•
1.
n.
customer
•
The client asked her hairdresser to try cutting her hair in a
different style.
Jennifer waited at the airport gate to board her plane.
2. When I travel, I board with local families because it helps
me to learn the language and customs of that country.
a thin, rectangular piece of wood or other material on which
information is posted or written
2. a group of people who organize and direct a company or
organization
The teacher told her students to check the board for their
next assignment.
2. All members had experience sitting on a board of directors.
Also n. clientele
communication
n.
exchange of information through speech, writing, signals or
behaviour
•
Clear communication is the key to a healthy relationship.
Also n. communicator; v. communicate; adj. communicative
110 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
extended
adj.
lasting longer than is normal or typical
•
Most retailers have extended hours at Christmas.
Also n. extension; v. extend
guarantee
n.
a promise that something will be performed in a specified
manner; usually a written promise by a business to repair or
exchange a faulty product
•
The face cream I bought came with a 60-day guarantee that I
would see a difference in my skin or the company would give
my money back.
Also n. guarantor; v. guarantee
hospitality
n.
friendly, generous and welcoming behaviour towards guests
and visitors
•
Friendly service and excellent food were key to the wonderful
hospitality we received at the bed and breakfast where we
stayed in Nova Scotia.
Also adj. hospitable; adv. hospitably
imply
v.
suggest or hint
•
She hoped her smile would imply that she thought the joke was
funny.
Also n. implication; adj. implied
minimum
adj.
relating to the smallest amount or number possible
•
Although credit card companies allow you to make minimum
payments, you should try to pay as much of the monthly
balance as possible.
Also n. minimum; v. minimize; adj. minimal; adv. minimally
period
a length of time
2. a specific historical time frame
3. the divisions of time in a hockey or other game
n.
1.
•
1.
The school day was divided into five 40-minute periods.
2. The Stone Age was a very interesting period in time.
3. There were two periods left in the hockey game and the
score was 2 to 1.
Also adj. periodic; adv. periodically
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 111
reporting
adj. to which an employee reports or is responsible
●
When Joe works in the field, he calls his reporting office to
find out where he is supposed to go next.
n.
1.
2.
•
giving information about something that has happened
finding out facts and telling people about them through the
media
Reporting that he had been in an accident with the company
car was difficult for Steve, but he had to do it.
2. Reporting on the Olympic Games was an interesting
assignment for the sportswriter.
1.
Also n. report, reporter; v. report; adv. reportedly
responsibility
n.
1. control
and authority over something and the duty to take
care of it
2. blame
•
1. When
his boss goes on holidays, Pablo will take
responsibility for setting up the shipping schedule and
making sure everything runs smoothly.
2. He claimed responsibility for breaking the lamp.
Also adj. responsible; adv. responsibly
tourism
n.
the business of travel and travel services
•
Fascinated by the tourism industry, Nagmana finished school
and accepted a position as a travel agent.
Also n. tour, tourist; v. tour
112 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 12
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings.
guarantee
hospitality
responsibility
minimum
reporting
accreditation
implying
attendant
communication
client
1.
hinting at something; not saying it directly
__________________________
2.
describing current events on television
__________________________
3.
the smallest amount possible
__________________________
4.
friendliness and generosity towards guests
__________________________
5.
someone hired to serve or wait on you
__________________________
6.
an approval stating that something has met a
certain level of standards
__________________________
7.
the act of sharing information
__________________________
8.
a customer
__________________________
9.
a promise
__________________________
10.
a duty to look after something or someone
__________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 113
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 12
Fill in the blanks using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
board
period
extended
hospitality
guaranteed
reported
tourism
according to
responsibility communication
1.
During the _________________ of time between 1880 and 1885 the Canadian Pacific
Railway was built.
2.
The railway _________________ from Callander, Ontario across the Prairies and the
Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean.
3.
The Canadian Pacific Railway Company was given total _________________ for
building and operating the railroad.
4.
_________________ its contract, the Canadian Pacific Company would get all the
profits from operating the railroad.
5.
The Canadian government also _________________that no other railway would be
constructed to the West for 20 years.
6.
On November 7, 1885, newspapers _________________ that the last spike had been
hammered in and the railway had been completed.
7.
The Canadian Pacific Railway vastly improved transportation and
_________________between Eastern Canada and British Columbia.
8.
Settlers could _________________a train to travel to the West.
9.
Although early trains did not offer the _________________of our modern trains, they
were more comfortable than riding in a stagecoach or wagon across rough trails.
10.
Nowadays, deluxe train trips through the Rocky Mountains in restored passenger cars
are a Western Canada _______________ attraction.
Score
114 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
/10
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 12
Circle the letters that correspond to the correct answer(s) to the questions below. There may
be more than one correct answer for each question.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Who would have clients?
a) lawyer
b) baker
c)
d)
dog walker
accountant
What establishment might hire an attendant?
a) VIA Rail
c)
b) a parking lot
d)
a car rental agency
a hotel
Which words mean the same as implied?
a) accused
b) hinted
c)
d)
suggested
stated directly
What is the opposite of minimum?
a) the least possible
b) the smallest
c)
d)
the greatest
maximum
5.
Which jobs would involve reporting information?
a) news broadcaster
c) journalist
b) policeman
d) teacher
6.
Which of the following can be divided into periods?
a) history
c) school timetable
b) soccer match
d) hockey game
7.
Which establishments belong to the hospitality industry?
a) hotels
c) bed and breakfasts
b) restaurants
d) prisons
8.
Which purchases would likely come with a guarantee?
a) refrigerator
c) hot water heater
b) automobile
d) concert tickets
9.
Which organization might require government accreditation to operate?
a) a bank
c) a school
b) a flower shop
d) a daycare centre
10.
Which of the following would be involved in tourism?
a) airports
c) governments
b) travel agents
d) hotels
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 115
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 12
Many words have multiple meanings. Three words with more than one meaning in this
lesson are board, period and responsibility. Read the meanings of each word.
board:
1. v. to get on a plane, ship or train
2. v. to stay in a private home or school and pay for living quarters and meals
3. n. a flat, thin, rectangular piece of wood or other material on which messages, schedules or
other information is posted or written
4. n. a group of people who organize and direct a company or organization
period:
1. n. a length of time
2. n. a specific historical time frame
3. n. the divisions of time in a hockey or
other game
responsibility:
1. n. control and authority over something
and the duty to take care of it
2. n. blame
Fill in the blanks in the sentences below with the words board, period or responsibility.
1.
Tom looked at the schedule _______________ to see when the next train was due.
2.
The Prime Minister’s __________________is to run the country.
3.
Karen decided to __________________ at her friend’s house rather than get her own
apartment.
4.
During this __________________in my life, I am very eager to learn new skills.
5.
If you __________________in the university residence, you pay for a room and three
meals per day.
6.
He refuses to accept __________________for causing the accident.
7.
You will be checked by security before you __________________the plane.
8.
My first __________________every day is math class.
9.
The Prehistoric Age was a __________________of time when dinosaurs roamed the
earth.
10.
The __________________of directors at the local hospital is trying to attract more
doctors to this city.
Score
116 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
/10
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 12
Read the job profile below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
Service Attendants
Workplace:
On board the trains
Reporting office:
Halifax, Montréal, Toronto (Etobicoke), Winnipeg or Vancouver
Days and hours of work:
Various: days, nights, evenings, weekends and statutory holidays
Description
You must offer great customer service to VIA clients throughout their journey. Your
responsibilities include helping passengers board the train and carry their luggage, serving
drinks and meals, preparing rooms in the sleeper car and performing cleaning duties.
You must be able to work on call according to periods of availability (spare board). This
implies that we cannot guarantee a minimum number of working hours. Moreover, each
selected candidate must follow a five-week training program successfully.
Minimal qualifications
• Fluently bilingual (English and French)
• Must have high school diploma; accreditation from a tourism and hospitality program
is an asset
• Minimum of two years experience in the hotel, restaurant or airline industry
• Excellent oral communication skills
• Excellent customer service skills
• High energy level
• Must be able to lift up to 18 kg
• Must be flexible with days and hours of work, be available to work on weekends and
statutory holidays and be able to be away from home for extended periods of time
Source: Website of Via Rail Canada
http://www.viarail.ca/emploi/en_pop_services.html
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 117
Questions
1.
Lesson 12
What hours of work are being offered?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
What education is required for this job?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
What terms are used in the advertisement to refer to people who use the VIA
trains?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
List four responsibilities of service attendants.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
In which languages must a service attendant on VIA trains be able to
communicate?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
118 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Vocabulary Review: Unit 3
Complete the crossword puzzle using vocabulary words from the lessons in this unit.
1
2
3
4
5
8
6
7
9
10
11
13
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
ACROSS
1. approximately
2. to give something out officially
3. antonym of “maximum”
6. person who buys or uses a product or
service
8. process of making something
12. principles and beliefs a person thinks
are important
14. exciting experience or journey
15. answer to a problem
16. to praise or congratulate
17. exchange of information
18. papers in a folder
19. synonym for “polite”
DOWN
1. giving information about something
that has happened
4. to suggest something without
actually saying it
5. to stay away from something or
someone
7. employee who greets visitors and
answers the telephone
9. someone’s personal view of
something or someone
10. synonym for “recognize”
11. promise that the quality of something
is very good
13. twelve items
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 119
Unit 3 Word List
These are the vocabulary words from Unit 3. The number beside each word
indicates the lesson in which it was studied.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
ability (11)
according to (12)
accreditation (12)
adventure (11)
attendant (12)
avoid (11)
belief (11)
board (12)
chairperson (10)
chemist (9)
client (12)
commend (10)
communication (12)
concerned (9)
consumer (9)
courteous (10)
decide (11)
decompose (9)
degradable (9)
dozen (10)
experimenting (9)
extended (12)
extremely (10)
file (10)
financial (10)
guarantee (12)
hospitality (12)
identify (11)
imply (12)
impression (11)
120 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 3
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
issue (9)
landfill (9)
limitation (11)
management (10)
manner (10)
material (9)
minimum (12)
opinion (11)
opportunity (11)
patent (9)
period (12)
pioneer (10)
plant (9)
polyethylene (9)
pride (11)
production (9)
rare (10)
receptionist (10)
reporting (12)
request (10)
responsibility (12)
roughly (9)
schedule (10)
situation (11)
solution (9)
strength (11)
tourism (12)
trace (10)
value (11)
weakness (11)
Unit 4
Lesson 13:
Page 122
discount
disposable
economy
method
narcotic
pandemic
penicillin
prescription
quantity
receipt
sanitary
sterile
subtotal
surgical
syringe
Lesson 14:
Page 130
affect
array
bridge
cause
champion
constituency
contemporary
contribution
debate
implement
magnet
parliament
policy
region
satisfy
Lesson 15:
Page 138
analysis
assembly
attachment
calculation
critique
estimate
facilitate
integrate
justify
modify
persuade
scan
schematic
skim
synthesize
Lesson 16:
Page 148
account
bookkeeping
entry
general
journal
ledger
manual
payroll
post
reconcile
requirement
sector
statistical
transaction
utility
Unit Review:
Crossword Puzzle
Page 157
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 121
Vocabulary
Definitions
discount
n.
•
disposable
adj.
•
economy
adj.
Lesson 13
a reduction in the price of something
When travelling by train, seniors get a 10% discount and students get
a 35% discount.
Also v. discount
describes something that is to be used once and thrown away
The couple left a disposable camera at each table for wedding guests
to take pictures.
Also n. disposal; v. dispose (of)
●
describes services or large-size packages of goods that are sold at a
cheaper price
Cheryl has a big family, so she buys the economy box of laundry
detergent.
the wealth that a country or region gets from business and industry
n.
Tourism contributes millions of dollars to Canada’s economy.
•
Also n. economist, economics; v. economize; adj. economic, economical;
adv. economically
method
n.
•
narcotic
n.
procedure, way of doing something
The Red Cross still uses the blood collection method that was
pioneered by Dr. Charles Richard Drew in the 1940s.
Also adj. methodical; adv. methodically
•
pandemic
n.
•
penicillin
n.
a type of drug (prescribed by a doctor or sold illegally) that is used to
relieve pain or numb the senses
The doctor asked the nurse to give Sarah a narcotic to ease her pain
while she recovered from her surgery.
a worldwide outbreak of an illness
Between 20 and 40 million people around the world died in the flu
pandemic of 1918.
Also adj. pandemic
•
a type of medicine that kills bacteria and helps cure bacterial
infections; an antibiotic drug
Kevin’s doctor gave him penicillin to help cure his throat infection.
122 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
prescription
n.
quantity
an amount that can be measured or counted
n.
The quantity of pens ordered was five hundred.
•
Also adj. quantitative; adv. quantitatively
receipt
n.
sanitary
adj.
a form filled in by a doctor that tells a pharmacist what medication to
issue to a patient
The doctor wrote Tyler a prescription for a special cream to apply to
•
his rash.
Also v. prescribe; adj. prescriptive
a piece of paper that proves that something has been paid for or
received
I have a receipt to show that I paid admission for two people to see
•
the movie.
Also n. receiver, reception; v. receive; adj. receivable
1.
concerned with keeping things clean and healthy
extremely clean; germ-free
1.The person responsible for sanitary supplies forgot to buy toilet
•
paper.
2. The bathroom at the hotel was sparkling clean and sanitary.
Also v. sanitize; adv. sanitarily
2.
sterile
adj.
subtotal
n.
•
surgical
adj.
•
syringe
a medical tool used to inject or remove fluids
n.
The nurse used a syringe to take blood from the patient’s arm.
•
Also v. syringe
1.
free from germs
2. unable to reproduce; unable to grow crops
1. The hospital staff disinfected surgical tools so that they would be
•
sterile when the doctors needed them.
2. Nothing would grow in the farmer’s field because the land was
sterile.
Also n. sterilizer, sterilization, sterility; v. sterilize
the total amount of something before extra charges or the final total
The subtotal for the movie was $10.00 but with tax it came to
$11.40.
Also v. subtotal
used in medical operations
The doctor put on a surgical gown and mask before entering the
operating room.
Also n. surgery; adv. surgically
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 123
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 13
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings, using each word once. Then use the
circled letters to solve the mystery word.
pandemic
prescription
sterile
discount
sanitary
syringe
narcotic
economy
receipt
surgical
1.
piece of paper a patient takes to
the pharmacist
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
2.
a proof of payment
___ ___ ___
3.
clean, hygienic
4.
instrument used to take blood
from a vein
5.
to reduce in price
6.
pain medication
7.
disinfected, decontaminated
8.
related to a medical operation or
procedure
9.
worldwide epidemic or disease
the wealth of a country based its
10. system for making and spending
money
{ ___ ___ ___ ___
{ ___ ___ ___
___ ___ { ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
___ ___ ___ { ___ ___ ___
___ ___ ___ { ___ ___ ___ ___
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ { ___
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ { ___
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___{
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ { ___
___ ___ ___ { ___ ___ ___
Hint: What wonder drug is produced from mould?
Mystery Word:
____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____
Score
124 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 13
Replace the underlined word(s) with a vocabulary word that has a similar meaning. Put the
correct answer in the space provided. Use each word once.
sanitary
pandemic
quantities
disposable
sterile
receipt
prescription
method
penicillin
economy
1.
Many groups are working together to prepare for the next
influenza outbreak that spreads from country to country.
1.________________
2.
Conditions in an operating room must be free from germs
and bacteria or patients will get infections.
2.________________
3.
The injured worker was given a form filled out by his doctor
telling the pharmacist to give him a medication to relieve
his pain.
3.________________
4.
An antibiotic that kills bacteria that cause disease was
discovered accidentally by Alexander Fleming while he was
growing mould in his laboratory.
4.________________
5.
Large amounts or numbers of vaccines will be produced
before the next influenza pandemic occurs to protect people.
5.________________
6.
Germs spread quickly in crowded places that are not clean
and hygienic.
6.________________
7.
One way of making sure instruments are clean is to put them
in boiling water.
7.________________
8.
A pandemic would affect the earning and spending of
money because all travel and trade between countries would
stop.
8.________________
9.
Syringes for taking blood must be designed to be thrown
away after use.
9.________________
10.
Every month my landlord gives me a piece of paper to prove
I have paid my rent.
10._______________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 125
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 13
Circle the letters that correspond to the correct answer(s) to the questions below. There may
be more than one answer for each question.
1.
For which of the following would you usually need a prescription?
a)
narcotics
c) penicillin
b)
antibiotics
d) cough syrup
2.
Which of the following are narcotics?
a)
morphine
b)
vitamin C
c) salt
d) sugar
3.
Which of the following is most similar in meaning to pandemic?
a)
epidemic
c) disease
b)
plague
d) illness
4.
Which of the following can be affected by changes in the economy?
a)
stock market
c) employment
b)
small businesses
d) number of new homes built
5.
For which activity would you probably not receive a receipt?
a)
buying groceries
c) paying your rent
b)
shopping on the Internet
d) borrowing your friend’s car
6.
Which of the following indicate a quantity?
a)
a dozen oranges
b)
50 litres of gas
c) a pound of butter
d) a century
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
disposable
discount
narcotic
prescription
7.
increase is to mark-up as decrease is to
____________________________
8.
penicillin is to antibiotic as heroin is to
____________________________
9.
policeman is to traffic ticket as doctor is to
____________________________
10.
glass bottles are to recyclable as light bulbs are to
____________________________
Score
126 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
/10
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 13
A suffix is an ending added to a word to create a new word. The new words are similar in
meaning to the original, but they are different parts of speech.
The following words are formed by adding suffixes to the word economy.
A.
economy (noun)
•
the earning and spending activities of a country
B.
economize (verb)
•
to save money or time
C.
economical (adjective)
•
spending money or time carefully to avoid waste
D.
economically (adverb)
•
without causing a waste of money or time
E.
economic (adjective)
•
having to do with the economy or wealth of a country
F.
economics (noun)
•
the study of how a country manages its trade and resources
G.
economist (noun)
•
a person who studies and writes about economics
Fill in the blanks using the correct word based on the word economy.
1.
My mother was very ________________. Her motto was “waste not, want not.”
2.
He always manages his money ________________.
3.
When the ________________ goes down, unemployment goes up.
4.
He is very interested in the economy, so he plans to study ________________ at
university.
5.
I try to ________________ by buying only items that are on sale.
Score
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 127
/5
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 13
Read the following sales receipt and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
Sales Receipt
C
M
S
DATE: MARCH 29, 2009
RECEIPT #745
CENTRAL MEDICAL SUPPLY LTD.
46 Green Drive, North Hampton, ON N4R 2W8
Phone: 519-999-9999 Fax: 519-999-9988
accounting@centralmedicalsupply.ca
SOLD Gordon Flowers Medical Store
TO 690 Compton Road
Etobicoke, Ontario
M5P 4N9
519-222-2222
Customer ID [ABC12345]
PAYMENT METHOD
CHEQUE NO.
Cheque
QUANTITY
10
1
100
100
55
1
15
100
102
ITEM #
SLJ111
DS334
EG667
IG543
DLG908
SPE12
PPK321
AB642
DESCRIPTION
UNIT PRICE
Surgical Tape (roll)
Sanitary Napkins (60-pkg carton)
Economy Gowns
Prescription Pads
Disposable Sterile Ear Syringes
Narcotics Safe
Pandemic Planning Kits
Penicillin Allergy Bracelets
10.00
240.00
25.00
4.00
8.00
580.00
55.00
4.25
TOTAL
2%
DISCOUNT
SUBTOTAL
SALES TAX 6%
TOTAL
Thank you for your business!
128 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
LINE TOTAL
100.00
240.00
2500.00
400.00
440.00
580.00
825.00
425.00
(110.20)
5399.80
323.99
5723.79
Questions
1.
Lesson 13
Write the name and address of the customer who is receiving the medical supplies
listed on this sales receipt.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
What is the name of the company providing these supplies?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
What is the date of the sales receipt?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What is the price of one roll (unit price) of surgical tape?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
After the discount is deducted, what is the subtotal?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score
/45
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 129
Vocabulary
Definitions
affect
to have an influence on (someone or something)
v.
Increasing our productivity will affect our profits.
•
Also adj. affected, affecting
array
n.
Lesson 14
a large number of different things, often displayed with care
There was an array of handmade jewellery for sale at the market.
•
Also v. array
bridge
n.
1.
cause
n.
1.
a link, connection or means of bringing things or people together
2. a structure that is built across a river or road
1. Education helps build a bridge between cultures.
•
2. The bridge over the highway is made of steel and concrete.
Also v. bridge
an aim or principle that is being supported
the reason something happens
1. Jake believes his donations to cancer research are going to a good
•
cause.
2. The fire department is still trying to find the cause of the fire.
Also v. cause; adj. causal
2.
champion
to support or fight for something
I know that Gord will champion the effort to keep the local school
open.
1. a person who supports or fights for something
n.
2. the winner of a competition
1. The director is the champion for disability issues in the
•
department.
2. It was announced that Mia is now the official world wrestling
champion.
Also n. championship
v.
●
constituency
n.
contemporary
adj
.
the area represented by an elected member of a law-making
assembly; riding
Our Member of Parliament has an office in the constituency and in
•
Ottawa.
Also n. constituent
•
1.
happening now; modern
place at the same time in the past as something else
2. taking
That fifty-year-old book is still enjoyed by contemporary readers.
2. Contemporary news articles from the 1940s talk about the war.
Also n. contemporary
1.
130 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
contribution
n.
1.
debate
n.
a formal argument or discussion
The teachers had a debate over whether the private school should be
open all year long or whether it would close for summer holidays.
to try to make a decision about something
Jessica debated whether she should accept the new job; it was a
good opportunity, but she really liked the job she already had.
time, money or work put towards something
2. a regular payment to a fund
1. Serena’s contribution to the project was completed quickly.
•
2. If he wants to reduce his income tax, Ed will have to increase his
annual Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) contribution.
Also n. contributor; v. contribute
●
v.
•
implement
to put into action
v.
The school will implement new rules to help end bullying this year.
•
Also n. implementation
magnet
an object that attracts
n.
Cheese is a magnet for mice.
•
Also n. magnetism; v. magnetize; adj. magnetic
parliament
n.
•
policy
n.
the group of politicians that makes the laws for Canada or a province
The proposed anti-smoking law has to be debated and passed by
Parliament before it can take effect.
Also n. parliamentarian; adj. parliamentary
•
region
satisfy
1.
an officially agreed upon set of ideas or plans
2. a written agreement with an insurance company
1. The manager explained the company’s policy for sick leave to his
new employees.
2. My insurance policy covers some of the expenses from my car
accident.
an area; a part of the country or of a province
Canada's Atlantic Region consists of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick,
Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland.
Also adj. regional; adv. regionally
to give someone what they want or need
v.
Our goal is to satisfy every customer that walks through our doors.
•
Also n. satisfaction; adj. satisfied, satisfying
n.
•
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 131
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 14
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings. Use each word once.
satisfy
policy
constituency
contribution
debate
affect
magnet
champion
contemporary
bridge
1.
something that attracts
__________________________
2.
modern or current
__________________________
3.
to stand up for someone or something
__________________________
4.
to argue
__________________________
5.
a link between two things
__________________________
6.
to give someone what they need
__________________________
7.
to influence
__________________________
8.
a community represented by a Member of Parliament
__________________________
9.
money, idea or service given to help others
__________________________
10. a course of action
__________________________
Score
132 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 14
Replace the underlined word(s) with a vocabulary word that has a similar meaning. Put the
correct answer in the space provided. Use each word once.
contemporary
array
contribution
Parliament
region
implemented
constituency
debate
championed
magnet
1.
Each riding is allowed to elect one Member of Parliament to
represent the people from that district in Ottawa.
1.________________
2.
Canada's institution where issues are debated and laws are
passed is made up of the House of Commons and the Senate.
2.________________
3.
Global warming is a present-day problem that we need to take
seriously.
3.________________
4.
The candidates running for the office of Prime Minister will
formally discuss and argue important election issues on
television tonight.
4.________________
5.
Nellie McClung enthusiastically supported women’s rights in
Canada and helped get women the right to vote.
5.________________
6.
The large collection and display of flags in front of the United
Nations building in New York is impressive.
6.________________
7.
The government has put into action a plan to help parents save
for their children’s education.
7.________________
8.
Don’t forget that the money you add to your Registered
Retirement Savings Plan can be deducted when calculating
income tax.
8.________________
9.
The Rocky Mountains are a particular part of Canada that
attracts tourists, skiers and hikers.
9.________________
10.
When the tailor dropped his box of pins, he picked them up with
a piece of metal that attracts iron and steel.
10._______________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 133
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 14
Circle the letters that correspond to the correct answer(s) to the questions below. There may
be more than one correct answer for each question.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Which of the following might be part of an array?
a)
DVDs in a rack
b)
dirty laundry
c)
d)
plates in a set of fine china
items in a museum
Which of the following might be a cause?
a)
equal pay for work of equal value
b)
a cigarette left burning
c)
d)
prosecuting drunk drivers
lack of food
Which of the following might be debated?
a)
a decision by Canada’s Supreme Court
b)
a traffic ticket
c)
d)
proposed changes to zoning laws
Canada’s involvement in a war
Which of the following might be considered contemporary?
a)
Top Ten songs on the radio
c)
b)
an antique chair
d)
a black and white television
the latest fashions
Which of the following could someone champion?
a)
free speech
b)
a bill in parliament
c)
d)
a political candidate
a family member
Which of the following might be a contribution?
a)
an interruption
b)
mismanagement of funds
c)
d)
collecting money for a charity
writing a letter to the editor
Which of the following might satisfy someone?
a)
the solution to a problem
b)
praise for a job well done
c)
d)
a final mortgage payment
a convincing argument
Which of the following might be a magnet?
a)
a well-liked politician
b)
a popular movie star
c)
d)
a run-down motel
a big sale
Which of the following is considered a region?
a)
the Prairies
b)
Northern Ontario
c)
d)
the Middle East
a village
Which of the following might be a policy?
a)
a list of conditions regarding car insurance
c)
b)
d)
a set of rules governing
immigration
a personal choice or preference
an evacuation plan in case of fire
Score
134 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
/10
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 14
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
array
bridge
cause
champion
region
contemporary
contribution
parliament
implement
satisfy
1.
instruct is to train as carry out is to
_______________________________
2.
preacher is to church as politician is to
_______________________________
3.
forget is to remember as displease is to
_______________________________
4.
province is to country as town is to
_______________________________
5.
finish is to start as effect is to
_______________________________
6.
salary is to income as offering is to
_______________________________
7.
insult is to praise as attack is to
_______________________________
8.
collection is to set as display is to
_______________________________
9.
attraction is to magnet as link is to
_______________________________
10.
old is to new as traditional is to
_______________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 135
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 14
Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
The Work of a Member of Parliament (MP)
In the House of Commons Chamber, MPs debate contemporary issues that can affect all Canadians.
Their offices on Parliament Hill and in their constituencies are magnets for people's requests,
concerns, problems and ideas. In his or her own way, each MP forms a bridge between the regions of
Canada and the federal government in Ottawa.
In their work, MPs deal with an amazing array of issues and meet people from across their
constituency and around the world. MPs champion causes, help people and develop and implement
national policies.
At the end of the day, only the MPs themselves can say whether they are satisfied with their
contributions and whether they feel they have made a difference. And once every four or five years,
Canadian voters put them to the test, as well.
Adapted from the website of the Parliament of Canada
http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/about/education/SetAgenda/agenda/workofmp-e.asp
136 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
Questions
1.
Lesson 14
What do MPs do in the House of Commons Chamber?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
In what two places do MPs have offices?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
What are the main roles of an MP?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What does it mean to “champion causes”?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
Who decides whether or not an MP is doing a good job?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
Total Score
/10
/50
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 137
Vocabulary
Definitions
analysis
n.
•
assembly
n.
1.
attachment
n.
1.
Lesson 15
a detailed study of something to learn more about it
Through handwriting analysis, an expert can predict
personality traits by examining the way a person writes with a
pen or pencil.
Also n. analyst, analyzer; v. analyze; adj. analytical
putting something together
2. the act of gathering, or the group of things or people gathered
together
1. The directions for assembly were inside the box with the
•
various pieces of the shelf unit.
2. The school assembly included a visit from the local fire
chief.
Also v. assemble
an extra piece that can be added to a machine
a computer file, such as a document or picture, that is joined
to an email
1
. The vacuum cleaner came with four cleaning attachments.
•
2. The email had two attachments—a picture of the house and
a blank rental form.
Also v. attach
2.
calculation
n.
•
critique
v.
estimate
n.
working out a mathematical problem
My calculations show that the renovations cost over ten
thousand dollars.
Also n. calculator; v. calculate
to provide an opinion or review, usually about a literary or
artistic work
He critiqued my manuscript before I sent it to the publisher.
•
Also n. critique
an approximate calculation about the size, value, amount or
cost of something
The plumber provided an estimate on the cost of repairing the
•
shower.
Also n. estimation, estimator; v. estimate
138 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
1.
to lead or direct
2. to make something possible or easier
1. The chairperson was unable to attend, so she asked me to
•
facilitate the meeting.
2. To facilitate recycling, please place used glass, plastic and
paper items in the proper bins.
Also n. facilitator
facilitate
v.
integrate
v.
justify
v.
•
modify
v.
•
persuade
to convince
v.
He could not persuade her to invest in his restaurant.
•
Also n. persuasion; adj. persuasive; adv. persuasively
scan
v.
1.
to combine two or more things so that they form part of a
whole
2. to mix with and join a group of people, adapting to fit in
1. When you put a computer system together using computer
•
parts from different manufacturers, you have created an
integrated system.
2. Getting involved in community activities helped the family
integrate into their new neighbourhood.
Also n. integration; adj. integrated
to give a good reason for something
Carl can’t justify taking an expensive vacation when he is so
far in debt.
Also n. justification; adj. justifiable, justified; adv. justifiably
to change
If necessary, the company modifies work for employees who
are injured.
Also n. modification
1.
to look through something quickly but carefully to find a
specific thing or piece of information
2. to copy a paper image into electronic form
•
1. Marge will scan the passage and find the information you
need.
2. You can scan documents to your computer from the new
photocopier.
Also n. scan, scanner; adj. scannable
schematic
adj.
•
showing the main layout and features but not details of
something
The mayor and city councillors examined the schematic
diagram the architect had drawn of the new shopping mall.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 139
skim
v.
•
synthesize
1.
to read something very quickly to get a general idea of the
contents
2. to remove something solid from the surface of a liquid
1. I just skimmed the email to see what it was about, so I’ll
have to read it more carefully later.
2. People used to skim the cream from the top of a bottle of
milk.
to combine (various ideas or objects) into a new whole
to produce (a substance) by means of chemicals and chemical
reactions, or to produce (sounds) electronically
1. For her report, Sue needed to synthesize the data she had
•
gathered.
2. Natural rubber is not identical to rubber that scientists have
synthesized.
Also n. synthesis, synthesizer; adj. synthetic
v.
1.
2.
140 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 15
Match the phrases in Column A with those in Column B to make complete sentences. Put
the correct letters on the lines provided. Use each phrase once.
Column A
Column B
1.
__
A calculation is
a. something that is fastened or joined to something
else.
2.
__
A schematic drawing is
b. to convince someone to do something.
3.
__
An estimate is
c. to show why it is necessary to do something.
4.
__
To persuade is
d. a sketch that shows how something works in a
simplified way.
5.
__
A critique is
e. an approximate guess of what the amount might be.
6.
__
An attachment is
f. to adjust or change something.
7.
__
To modify is
g. a careful judgment or opinion.
8.
__
To scan is
h. something that has been worked out mathematically.
9.
__
To facilitate is
i. to look over something to find specific details.
To justify is
j. to make something go more smoothly.
10. __
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 141
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 15
Read the text and fill in the blanks using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word
once.
analysis
schematic
modify
assembly
estimate
justify
calculation
integrate
facilitate
persuade
Mrs. White was not happy with the small deck at the back of her house. She came up with
several good arguments to (1)__________________ the expense of building a larger deck.
After much coaxing, she was able to (2)__________________ her husband to hire a contractor
to (3)__________________ the existing deck and make it more acceptable.
The Whites called a contractor to get a rough (4)__________________ of what it would cost
for materials and labour. After an (5)__________________ of the construction and condition
of the existing deck, the contractor felt that it would be possible to (6)__________________
new pieces of lumber with the existing boards.
The contractor came up with a (7)__________________ drawing to (8)__________________
implementation of the new design idea. He also took measurements and wrote down an
accurate (9)__________________ of the required materials and their cost. Of course, there
was also a quote on what it would cost to complete the (10)__________________ or
attachment of the individual boards to the rest of the deck.
Score
142 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
/10
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 15
Circle the letters that correspond to the correct answer(s) to the questions below. There may
be more than one correct answer for each question.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
What are examples of things that you might critique?
a)
a movie
b)
a figure skating routine
c)
d)
a perfect score
a book
Which of the following might be examples of an assembly?
a)
students at a school concert
c)
b)
a model airplane made from a kit
d)
a soapstone carving
a carrot
Which of the following might you skim?
a)
a flyer with grocery store ads
b)
the fat on the top of homemade chicken soup
c)
d)
the front page of the newspaper
questions on an application form
Which of the following might be synthesized?
a)
musical sounds
c)
b)
d)
employees’ ideas at a staff
meeting
information
a car
Which of the following might be examples of attachments?
a)
a photograph sent with an email message
c)
b)
a résumé with a cover letter
d)
a nozzle for a hose
a list of suggested readings after
an essay
6.
Which of the following is least likely to require an estimate?
a)
the number of children you have at present
c)
the length of time to read a book
b)
the cost of a trip
d)
interest payments on a loan
7.
Which of the following could be an example of a calculation?
a)
the balance in a bank statement
c)
a flight arrival time
b)
a sum of numbers
d)
a reckless decision
8.
Which of the following might you scan?
a)
a paper you want to copy
b)
a brain
c)
d)
faces in a crowd
a page in the telephone book
Which of the following might be integrated?
a)
boys and girls on a team
b)
new immigrants
c)
d)
a computer system
new car parts used in an old car
Which of the following might you want to justify?
a)
an unscheduled absence
b)
feeding your children
c)
d)
a decision to quit your job
the purchase of a bigger house
9.
10.
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 143
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 15
A synonym is a word that means the same or almost the same as another word. Match the
vocabulary word to its synonym.
analysis
critique
calculation
facilitate
attachment
justify
scan
integrate
modify
persuade
1.
skim
_______________________________
2.
estimate
_______________________________
3.
synthesize
_______________________________
4.
review
_______________________________
5.
defend
_______________________________
6.
diagnosis
_______________________________
7.
adjust
_______________________________
8.
add-on
_______________________________
9.
urge
_______________________________
10.
simplify
_______________________________
Score
144 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
/10
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 15
Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
ESSENTIAL SKILLS: How are they used?
There are nine Essential Skills used in nearly every occupation and throughout daily life.
Reading
• Scan for information
• Skim for overall meaning
• Read a full text to understand, learn, critique or evaluate
• Integrate and synthesize information from multiple sources or from complex and lengthy texts
Document Use
• Read signs, labels or lists
• Interpret information on graphs or charts
• Enter information on forms
• Read or create schematic drawings / assembly drawings
Numeracy
• Numerical estimation / calculation
• Money math
• Scheduling or budgeting and accounting
• Measurement and calculation
• Data analysis
Writing
• Organize, record or document
• Inform or persuade
• Request information or justify a request
• Present an analysis or a comparison
Oral Communication
• Greet people or take messages
• Reassure, comfort or persuade
• Seek or obtain information
• Resolve conflicts
• Facilitate or lead a group
Working with Others
• Work independently
• Work jointly with a partner or helper
• Work as a member of a team
• Participate in supervisory or leadership activities
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 145
Thinking
• Problem solving
• Decision making
• Critical thinking
• Job task planning and organizing
• Significant use of memory
• Finding information
Computer Use
• Operate a computerized cash register
• Use word processing software to produce letters or memos
• Send emails with attachments to multiple users
• Create and modify spreadsheets for data entry
Continuous Learning
• Gain new skills as part of regular work activity
• Learn from co-workers
• Take training offered in the workplace
• Participate in off-site training
146 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
Questions
1.
Lesson 15
Name two purposes for reading.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
Name the Essential Skill that includes measuring and estimating.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
What Essential Skill(s) are you using to complete this lesson?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What is meant by “multiple sources” in the Reading section?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
Name the Essential Skill that includes decision making and organizing.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 147
Vocabulary
Definitions
account
n.
bookkeeping
n.
entry
n.
Lesson 16
1.
an official record of money spent, owing or received for a specific
purpose, person or thing
2. a financial service offered by a bank
3. a written or spoken description of an event
1. Accounts receivable are records of amounts a company is
•
expecting to receive from its clients, and accounts payable are
records of amounts the company needs to pay.
2. I have transferred my personal bank account to a new branch.
3. Shawna saw the robbery, so she was able to give the police an eyewitness account.
Also n. accounting, accountant; v. account (for)
keeping an accurate record of money that is spent and received;
accounting
The owners of the pet store plan to change to a computerized system
•
of bookkeeping next year.
Also n. bookkeeper
1.
a piece of information that is recorded in a book, computer, etc.
a door, gate or opening you go in through
3. participation in a contest
1. The accounting clerk promised to complete all the accounts
•
receivable entries before lunch.
2. The police blocked all the entries so that no one could get in or
out.
3. There was a skill testing question on the entry form.
Also v. enter
2.
general
adj.
1.
including a lot of things or subjects and not limited to only one or
two
2. including the basic or most necessary information
1. Alfonso is a popular dinner guest because of his broad general
•
knowledge.
2. Don’s job was to provide a general introduction to the project,
which Carol would then describe in more detail.
Also n. generalization; v. generalize; adj. generalized
148 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
journal
n.
•
ledger
n.
•
manual
adj.
1.
a book in which all business dealings are entered as they take place,
to make it easier to transfer the information later to the general
records
2. a diary
3. a magazine published regularly, usually about a specialized subject
1. As you pay each invoice, record the transaction in the journal.
2. While she was on holidays, Judy wrote in her journal every day so
that she would have a full account of her travels to share with
friends and family.
3. New discoveries in medicine are usually published in medical
journals.
a book used to record the income and expenses of a company,
divided by accounts
A company’s general ledger is the main accounting record that lists
all of its business dealings within the business year.
1.
done by hand
by hand rather than by electricity
●
1. He prefers manual labour because he likes to work outside and
keep fit.
2. Kyra learned to type on a manual typewriter when she was young.
a book of instructions on how to do something
n.
They lost the instruction manual and were unable to set up the
•
scanner.
Also adv. manually
2. operated
payroll
n.
1.
a list of employees that shows how much each one earns
total amount of money paid to a company’s employees
1. Ten percent of the staff on the payroll are earning over $40,000 per
year.
2. Payroll is usually the largest expense for any business.
2. the
•
post
to enter an item in a ledger or carry an entry from one account to
another
2. to announce or advertise
3. to place, station or appoint to a position
4. to put in the mail
1. One of the clerk's duties was to post all the journal entries.
•
2. As soon as they post the vacant position in Accounting Jane plans
to apply.
3. When refilling the automatic teller machine, the security company
always posts a guard to watch for suspicious activity.
4. Sarah posted her letter to Santa Claus in early December.
Also n. post, posting
v.
1.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 149
reconcile
v.
1.
to make agree or bring into harmony; to make one account agree
with another
2. to settle (a quarrel or disagreement)
3. to make or become friends again
•
1.
Roberta was able to reconcile February’s bank statement with her
cheque book records when she realized that one cheque had not yet
been cashed.
2. The coworkers reconciled their differences so they would be able
to work together and finish the project.
3. Cathy and Doug reconciled and their marriage became even
stronger.
Also n. reconciliation; adj. reconcilable
requirement
something that is needed
n.
A valid driver’s license is a requirement of the job.
•
Also v. require
sector
n.
1.
one of the parts into which the economy of a country is divided
area of land or sea that is seen as separate from other areas
1. Canada has three economic sectors: the private sector (for profit),
•
the public sector (government run), and the voluntary sector (not
for profit).
2. The police officer was responsible for patrolling the downtown
sector.
Also adj. sectoral
2. an
statistical
adj.
transaction
n.
•
utility
n.
referring to the science of collecting, studying, explaining and
presenting information using numbers or data
Statistics Canada is a government department that presents statistical
•
information such as employment, work accidents, income and
population.
Also n. statistic, statistics, statistician; adv. statistically
a piece of business, such as buying or selling something
A business transaction may be as short as a phone call to request an
account balance or as long as the life of a mortgage.
Also v. transact
1.
an organization that supplies water, gas or electricity
the usefulness of something
1. Our bills for utilities were very high last winter.
•
2. What is the commercial utility of your invention?
Also n. utilization; v. utilize
2.
150 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 16
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings. Use each word once.
bookkeeping
requirements
utility
ledger
sector
journal
entries
transaction
payroll
manual
1.
recording the financial activities of a business
_________________________
2.
done by hand
_________________________
3.
book used to show income and expense accounts
_________________________
4.
list of figures about employees’ salaries
_________________________
5.
items of information entered in a book
_________________________
6.
daily record of personal information or transactions
_________________________
7.
things that must be done
_________________________
8.
electricity, water or other similar service
_________________________
9.
a part of the economic activity of a country
_________________________
10.
a business deal
_________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 151
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 16
Read the text and fill in the blanks using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word
once.
accounts
journal
manual
reconcile
transactions
bookkeeping
general
ledger
payroll
statistical
Every business needs a (1)__________________ system to keep track of its financial business
(2)__________________ carried out with other parties. Accounting forms are used to record
changes in (3)__________________ such as revenues (money received) and expenses (money
spent). Each day, items of value that have been exchanged are recorded in a
(4)__________________.
On an income statement, the (5)__________________, or cost of the salaries of the
employees, is recorded as a business expense. A combination of all the accounts appears in a
(6)__________________ (7)__________________. Bookkeepers must
(8)__________________ the books so that the debits and credits are balanced. Some use
software programs to balance the ledger, while others use a (9)__________________
approach. The (10)__________________ information bookkeepers provide is useful for
managers, bankers, investors and government.
Score
152 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
/10
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 16
Circle the letters that correspond to the correct answer(s) to the questions below. There may
be more than one correct answer for each question.
1.
2.
Which of these things you can post?
a) a letter
b) an entry
c) a job opening
d) a fence
Which of the following are manual?
a) handwriting
b) microwave oven
c) electric blender
d) stick shift in a car
3.
Which of the following could be bookkeeping accounts?
a) petty cash
c) accounts receivable
b) utilities
d) safety procedures
4.
Which of the following are examples of requirements?
a) tax on income
c) passport to travel overseas
b) marriage to have children
d) licence to drive
5.
Which of the following are examples of statistical information?
a) names of your children
c) market research
b) birth dates
d) census
6.
Which of the following are examples of a transaction?
a) buying a car
c) ordering supplies
b) exchanging services
d) driving yourself to work
7.
Which of the following can be reconciled?
a) cheque book and bank statement
c)
b) differences of opinion
d)
husband and wife who have separated
two sets of accounts
8.
Which of the following are examples of a sector?
a) the business district
c) a specific fishing area
b) the lumber industry
d) a pair of scissors
9.
Which of the following are examples of bookkeeping?
a) balancing your cheque book
c) signing autographs
b) recording monthly costs and earnings d) recording bets at the race track
10.
Which of the following are examples of a journal?
a) captain’s log
c) diary
b) biography
d) record of business transactions
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 153
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 16
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
bookkeeping
general
sector
transaction
manual
journal
post
reconcile
statistical
utility
1.
words are to spell check as accounts are to
_______________________________
2.
part is to whole as specific is to
_______________________________
3.
keyboarding is to typing as accounting is to
_______________________________
4.
modern is to traditional as automated is to
_______________________________
5.
numbers are to mathematical as data is to
_______________________________
6.
piece is to section as area is to
_______________________________
7.
expertise is to ability as usefulness is to
_______________________________
8.
gift is to present as exchange is to
_______________________________
9.
pamphlet is to brochure as diary is to
_______________________________
10.
pick is to select as enter is to
_______________________________
Score
154 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
/10
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 16
Read the job description below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
Bookkeepers (NOC 1231)
Nature of the Work
Bookkeepers maintain complete sets of books, keep records of accounts, check the procedures used for
recording financial transactions and provide personal bookkeeping services. They are employed
throughout the private and public sectors, or they may be self-employed. There are many bookkeepers
in this province.
Main Duties
The main responsibility of all bookkeepers is to keep financial records and set up, maintain and balance
various accounts for their clients. They do calculations and check financial transactions for their
employers or clients, and they make sure good records are kept, according to legal requirements and
good business practices. To do this, they use computerized and manual bookkeeping systems.
Specifically, they post journal entries and reconcile accounts, maintain general ledgers and prepare
financial statements. They calculate and prepare cheques for payrolls and for utility, tax and other
bills. They complete and submit tax forms, workers' compensation forms, pension contribution forms
and other government documents. They also prepare tax returns and perform other personal
bookkeeping services and prepare other statistical, financial and accounting reports.
Source: Work Futures: British Columbia Occupational Outlooks, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (B.C./Yukon Region)
and B.C. Ministry of Advanced Education
http://www.workfutures.bc.ca/link.cfm?noc=1231
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 155
Questions
1.
Lesson 16
What are three things that bookkeepers do?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
Where are bookkeepers employed?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
Name the two types of bookkeeping systems referred to in the job description.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What types of forms might a bookkeeper prepare for the government?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
Give two examples of utility bills that a bookkeeper might receive in the mail.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
156 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Vocabulary Review: Unit 4
Complete the crossword puzzle using vocabulary words from the lessons in this unit.
1
4
2
3
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
12
14
15
16
17
18
ACROSS
DOWN
1. kind of information presented using
numbers
1. amount before the final total
4. detailed study or examination of
something
2. to read something very quickly to
determine the subject
3. record books for bookkeepers
9. to have an influence on
5. to become part of a group
12. extremely clean
6. synonym for “modern”
13. way of doing something
7. deadly disease or illness that spreads
around the world
15. done by hand
16. to put into practice
17. group of things displayed in an attractive
way
18. list of employees and how much each
earns
8. drawing to show how something looks
and works
10. to make agree
11. to combine ideas or information into a
new whole
12. to read through something quickly to
find a piece of information
14. to give a good reason for something
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 157
Unit 4 Word List
These are the vocabulary words from Unit 4. The number beside each word
indicates the lesson in which it was studied.
1. account (16)
2. affect (14)
3. analysis (15)
4. array (14)
5. assembly (15)
6. attachment (15)
7. bookkeeping (16)
8. bridge (14)
9. calculation (15)
10. cause (14)
11. champion (14)
12. constituency (14)
13. contemporary (14)
14. contribution (14)
15. critique (15)
16. debate (14)
17. discount (13)
18. disposable (13)
19. economy (13)
20. entry (16)
21. estimate (15)
22. facilitate (15)
23. general (16)
24. implement (14)
25. integrate (15)
26. journal (16)
27. justify (15)
28. ledger (16)
29. magnet (14)
30. manual (16)
158 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 4
31. method (13)
32. modify (15)
33. narcotic (13)
34. pandemic (13)
35. parliament (14)
36. payroll (16)
37. penicillin (13)
38. persuade (15)
39. policy (14)
40. post (16)
41. prescription (13)
42. quantity (13)
43. receipt (13)
44. reconcile (16)
45. region (14)
46. requirement (16)
47. sanitary (13)
48. satisfy (14)
49. scan (15)
50. schematic (15)
51. sector (16)
52. skim (15)
53. statistical (16)
54. sterile (13)
55. subtotal (13)
56. surgical (13)
57. synthesize (15)
58. syringe (13)
59. transaction (16)
60. utility (16)
Unit 5
Lesson 17:
Page 160
accommodate
advance
appropriate
attention
clerk
cooperation
depart
department
frequently
memorandum
prepare
procedure
regarding
retrieve
secretary
Lesson 18:
Page 169
addressee
briefly
c.c.
conduct
courier
develop
discreet
forward
head
humorous
inbox
practice
prioritize
title
tone
Lesson 19:
Page 177
astronaut
aviation
coveted
dedicated
degree
demonstrate
discipline
expand
fierce
multiple
official
preferably
proficient
rigorous
select
Lesson 20:
Page 186
access
agency
armoured
assigned
automated
coordinate
enforce
establishment
industrial
occupation
patrol
supervise
teller
valuables
vandalism
Unit Review:
Crossword Puzzle
Page 194
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 159
Vocabulary
Definitions
accommodate
v.
1.
2.
•
Lesson 17
to adjust to or help with something
to provide lodging or room
The building had an access ramp to accommodate his
disability.
2. The new town homes are large enough to accommodate a
family of six.
1.
Also n. accommodation; adj. accommodating
advance
adv.
in advance: ahead of time
●
Carol did not owe any money when she picked up her airline
ticket because she had paid for it two months in advance.
n.
1.
act of moving forward
progress
3. payment made before the due time
2.
•
Cold weather slowed the advance of Napoleon's army into
Russia.
2. The discovery of insulin was a major advance in medicine.
3. Donna asked for a pay advance so she could pay for her son’s
school trip.
1.
Also n. advancement; v. advance; adj. advanced
appropriate
adj.
right for a particular situation or occasion
•
Jean took the appropriate legal steps to deal with her former
partner.
Also n. appropriateness; adv. appropriately
attention
n.
1.
notice or interest
2. mental focus, serious thought or concentration
•
1.
It came to our attention that garbage was being put in with the
recycling.
2. The project requires my full attention so I can't help you.
160 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
clerk
person who keeps the records or accounts for a company or
performs general office duties
2. person who works at a sales counter or service desk at a store or
hotel
n.
1.
•
1.
The accounting clerk verified the records and gave me the
information I needed.
2. It is the clerk’s responsibility to serve the clients at the front
desk.
Also v. clerk
cooperation
n.
the act of working together to achieve a common goal
•
Martha needed the team’s cooperation to carry out the big endof-season sale.
Also v. cooperate; adj. cooperative
depart
v.
1.
to leave
2. to change or vary from a pattern
•
Sheila was sad when she had to depart from the charming little
island.
2. The new manager’s plans depart from the company’s usual
policies.
1.
Also n. departure
department
n.
one of different areas of specialization that companies,
organizations and governments are often divided into (e.g.,
marketing department, technical department, health department,
special education department)
•
The customer service department answers calls from people who
have questions about the company’s products.
Also adj. departmental
frequently
adv.
often
•
It snows frequently during the winter months.
Also n. frequency; adj. frequent
a short written message used to share information in the
workplace; a reminder
memorandum
(memo)
•
A memorandum was sent out to remind staff of recent policy
changes.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 161
prepare
to get something or someone ready
2. to be ready for something you expect or think will happen
v.
1.
•
1.
2.
We prepared a first aid kit in case there’s an accident.
You need to prepare for the possibility that the plane will be
late.
Also n. preparation, preparedness; adj. prepared
procedure
n.
1.
series of actions done in a certain order or manner, considered
the official or accepted way of doing something
2. medical or surgical operation
•
1.
Please review the procedure for opening new customer
accounts.
2. Tracy underwent a minor medical procedure in the doctor’s
office.
Also adj. procedural
regarding
prep. about; on the subject of
•
I would like to speak with you regarding the planned schedule
changes.
Also n. regard; v. regard; adv. regardless
retrieve
v.
to find and bring something back from somewhere
•
Carrie’s dog will retrieve balls, bones or anything else she
throws.
Also n. retrieval, retriever
secretary
n.
someone who works in an office, writes letters, makes telephone
calls and arranges meetings for a person or for an organization
•
As secretary to the general manager, she was responsible for
writing letters to corporate leaders.
Also adv. secretarial
162 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
Lesson 17
A/ Matching Meanings
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings. Use each word once.
cooperation
depart
in advance
prepare
retrieve
memorandum
regarding
attention
frequently
accommodate
1.
concentration
_______________________________
2.
to leave
_______________________________
3.
repeatedly
_______________________________
4.
to regain or repossess something
_______________________________
5.
working together to do something
_______________________________
6.
earlier than planned
_______________________________
7.
to train or get ready
_______________________________
8.
to help someone by providing for their needs
_______________________________
9.
a brief, written office communication
_______________________________
10.
in the matter of
_______________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 163
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 17
Replace the underlined word(s) with a vocabulary word that has a similar meaning. Put the
correct answer in the space provided. Use each word once.
prepare
department
cooperation
clerk
depart
retrieve
attention
appropriate
advance
regarding
1.
There is a job opening in the advertising section of the
company.
1.__________________
2.
The police were able to recover all of the stolen goods
and return them to the rightful owners.
2.__________________
3.
Economists are paying notice to the high unemployment
rate and the low value of the Canadian dollar.
3.__________________
4.
The salesperson worked at the service desk, taking
returns.
4.__________________
5.
The new computer system is a significant move forward
for the department.
5.__________________
6.
An emergency meeting about a new round of lay-offs will
be held tomorrow morning.
6.__________________
7.
The company has begun to move away from its traditional 7.__________________
line of products.
8.
The travel agency will arrange your itinerary and travel
plans well in advance.
8.__________________
9.
Teamwork means working together to reach a common
goal.
9.__________________
10.
It is important to wear the right clothing to a job
interview.
10._________________
Score
164 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
/10
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 17
Three words or ideas on each line are similar and one is different. Circle the one that does
not belong.
1.
clerk
salesperson
record keeper
lawyer
2.
escape
fetch
retrieve
locate
3.
study
prepare
offer
train
4.
sharing ideas
giving orders
unity
cooperation
5.
attention
recognition
facts
focus
6.
difficult
fitting
appropriate
suitable
7.
accommodate
lend a hand
cater to
reply
8.
move ahead
announce
progress
advance
9.
letter writer
administrative assistant
secretary
gas attendant
10.
contrary to
with respect to
in connection with
regarding
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 165
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 17
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
memorandum
depart
accommodate
clerk
advance
attention
procedure
frequently
retrieve
cooperation
1.
street is to road as method is to
____________________________
2.
peace talks are to negotiation as teamwork is to
____________________________
3.
kitchen is to feed as hotel is to
____________________________
4.
car is to automobile as message is to
____________________________
5.
pastry maker is to baker as bank teller is to
____________________________
6.
on is to off as arrive is to
____________________________
7.
logic is to reason as focus is to
___________________________
8.
late is to early as seldom is to
____________________________
9.
red light is to stop as green light is to
____________________________
10.
loud is to quiet as lose is to
____________________________
Score
166 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
/10
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 17
Read the memorandum below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
MEMORANDUM
To:
From:
Date:
Re:
Administrative Staff: Bookkeepers, Secretaries and File Clerks
Jennifer Waldo
March 25, 2008
Attendance
It has come to my attention that attendance in the clerical department has become an issue in
recent months. It has been reported that staff frequently arrive late and depart early. Our
policies and procedures manual clearly states that office hours are from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
weekdays.
Our customer service staff members depend on this department to be available to prepare
documents and retrieve information during these hours. If you need to change your work
schedule to accommodate personal appointments, please let your team leader know a few
days in advance so that appropriate staffing can be arranged. Thank you for your
cooperation regarding this matter.
Jennifer Waldo,
Operations Manager
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 167
Questions
1.
Lesson 17
What three job titles make up the administrative staff?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
What is the shortened form of the word “memorandum”?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
“Re” is a short form for "regarding." What is this memorandum regarding?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What part of the company is Jennifer Waldo focusing on, and why?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
If a staff member needs to leave early for an appointment, what does he or she need
to do?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
168 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Vocabulary
Definitions
Lesson 18
addressee
n.
person that you are sending a letter, email or parcel to; recipient
•
The envelope should show the full mailing address of the
addressee, including the postal code.
Also n. address; v. address
briefly
adv.
quickly; in a few words
•
While he was waiting to see his client, Ralph briefly reviewed
his notes from their last meeting.
Also adj. brief
c.c.
conduct
n.
a copy of a letter or email sent to someone other than the main
recipient
•
Send your request for time off to your manager, with a c.c. to
your supervisor.
v.
1.
2.
•
to carry out business or lead a tour
to conduct yourself: to behave a certain way
1.
People sometimes meet at a coffee shop to conduct business.
2. Carol always conducts herself in a professional manner.
Also n. conduct
courier
n.
messenger; someone who delivers letters or packages
•
To make sure the client would receive the package the same day,
Carlos called a courier service to pick it up and deliver it.
Also v. courier
develop
v.
1.
to invent something or bring something into existence
2. to grow bigger, better or stronger
•
1.
2.
It takes a lot of time and money to develop a new product.
Over time children grow and develop into young adults.
Also n. development, developer; adj. developmental; adv.
developmentally
discreet
adj.
tactful; trustworthy; careful not to give too much information
about something that is secret, personal or private
•
It is important for bank tellers to be discreet regarding the
financial situation of their clients.
Also n. discretion
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 169
forward
head
v.
to send on to someone else
•
When Elsie received a threatening letter from an angry customer,
she forwarded it to her lawyer.
adj.
main, chief
•
The head gardener made sure that the workers used
environmentally friendly sprays.
n.
person in charge
•
The head of the marketing department determines the
advertising policy.
Also v. head
humorous
adj.
funny
•
The audience laughed when the speaker told a humorous story.
Also n. humour; adj. humorously
inbox
practice
n.
folder in which email messages you receive are displayed and
stored
•
When I returned to work after three weeks away, it took me over
an hour to read all the new messages in my inbox.
n.
1.
2.
•
way of doing things
regular training or exercise to improve your skills
1.
The practice in this office is to greet visitors with a smile.
2. The star player broke his arm at football practice and wasn’t
able to play in the big game.
Also v. practise; adj. practising
prioritize
v.
to determine which of a number of things is most important or
urgent and needs to be handled first
•
Denise only had few minutes free to return calls, so she had to
prioritize and call the most important client first.
Also n. priority; adj. priority
title
n.
1.
description indicating your job or role (e.g., director, assistant)
2. name of a book, movie, piece of art, etc.
•
1.
When Jian was promoted, he had to order new business cards
that included his new title.
2. What was the title of that book about a man in a boat with a
tiger?
170 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
tone
n.
1.
attitude or feeling expressed in what you say or write
2. musical or vocal sound
•
1.
2.
From the tone of her voice, I could tell that Kendra was upset.
Wait for the dial tone, then dial the number you want to call.
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 18
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings. Use each word once.
discreet
briefly
prioritize
inbox
practice
head
develop
addressee
c.c.
humorous
1.
in a few words
_________________________
2.
a copy of an email
_________________________
3.
person in charge of an organizational unit
_________________________
4.
mailbox for email being received
_________________________
5.
to decide what to do first
_________________________
6.
person receiving a letter
_________________________
7.
comical
_________________________
8.
careful in what you say
_________________________
9.
to progress
_________________________
10.
custom, habit
_________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 171
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 18
Read the text and fill in the blanks using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word
once.
developed
head
prioritize
c.c.
forwarded
humorous
tone
inbox
practice
conducted
Xavier is in charge of customer relations at the (1) _______________ office of a large
manufacturing company. When he gets to the office in the morning, his usual
(2) ______________ is to turn on his computer and check his (3) _____________ for new
emails. He likes to start the day with a smile by reading one or two (4) ___________ messages
from friends. Then he skims through the rest of the emails so that he can
(5) _______________.
Last Monday, one message in particular caught his attention. It was a customer complaint that
the district manager had (6) ______________ to him. Noticing that the district manager had
also sent a (7) ______________ to the company president, Xavier knew the issue was
important.
The complaint was from a customer who had purchased a new product the company had
(8) _____________. She was not satisfied with the product and said that if the company did
not honour the guarantee she would tell the media about the way it (9) ____________
business. Xavier knew he would have to be careful and use the right (10) _____________ in
his reply to her complaint.
Score
172 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
/10
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 18
Circle the letters that correspond to the correct answer(s) to the questions below. There may
be more than one correct answer for each question.
1.
Which of the following might be sent by courier?
a) a monthly magazine
c) an important contract
b) a birthday present that is almost late
d) a washing machine
2.
Which of the following are examples of an addressee?
a) someone sending a letter
c) someone signing a contract
b) someone receiving an email
d) someone buying a product
3.
Which of the following could be humorous?
a) an invoice
c)
b) a television show
d)
a joke
a comic book
4.
Which of the following could a company develop?
a) a new product
c) a better manufacturing process
b) its employees
d) photographs
5.
Which of the following could be done briefly?
a) summarizing results
c)
b) scanning a newspaper article
d)
filling in a long, complex form
reading an encyclopaedia
Which of the following could be a practice?
a) a television commercial
c)
b) a choir rehearsal
d)
the usual way of performing a task
a workout by a football team
6.
7.
Which of the following items can be forwarded?
a) an email you have received
c) a deadline
b) a letter sent to someone's old address d) a car
8.
Which of the following can have a title?
a) a book
b) a car
9.
10.
c)
d)
the head of a company
a famous painting
Which of the following should be discreet?
a) a comedian
c)
b) a doctor
d)
a priest
a psychologist
Where might you hear a tone?
a) in someone's voice
b) on the telephone
in a canoe
at a piano performance
c)
d)
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 173
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 18
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
develop
courier
briefly
addressee
inbox
humorous
discreet
head
forward
practice
1.
gift is to recipient as letter is to
___________________________
2.
slow is to regular mail as fast is to
___________________________
3.
success is to preparation as perfection is to
___________________________
4.
send is to receive as outbox is to
___________________________
5.
widely known is to confidential as gossipy is to
___________________________
6.
at length is to in detail as quickly is to
___________________________
7.
copy is to imitate as create is to
___________________________
8.
keep is to retain as send is to
___________________________
9.
serious is to not funny as amusing is to
___________________________
10.
company is to president as unit is to
___________________________
Score
174 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
/10
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 18
Read the email below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
To:
Cc:
Subject:
Christine Clerk; Bob Bookkeeper; Ronnie Receptionist; Sam Secretary
Don Director
Good practices for email
Our head office recently developed a new email policy which I expect everyone to
follow when conducting company business.
1. Make good use of the “Subject” line: Briefly state the subject of the email. If the
matter is urgent or you need the addressee to take action, say so. Putting this
information in the subject line will help recipients prioritize when faced with an inbox
full of new emails.
2. Target your message: Send it only to the person or people directly involved. If you
want someone to receive a copy for their information (but no action on their part is
needed) put their email address in the "Cc" line.
3. When answering an email, click on "Reply", not "Reply to all", unless you want every
single person in the "To" and "Cc" lines to receive your response!
4. Watch your tone: Email exchanges can sometimes seem like conversations;
however, be aware that because recipients can't hear your voice or see your body
language, they may not understand when you are trying to be humorous.
5. Be discreet: Remember that once an email leaves your outbox it takes on a life of its
own. It can easily be forwarded to other people that you did not mean to see it. In
addition, it may remain in the system as a lasting record of your comments.
6. When sending an email to someone outside the company include the following
information:
- your full name and title
- the name and address of your work unit
- your telephone and fax numbers
- your email address
That way, recipients won't have to look up your contact information if they want to send
you something by fax or courier, or speak to you over the phone.
Marnie Manager
Head, Ottawa District Office
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 175
Questions
1.
Lesson 18
Who is receiving a c.c. of this email?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
Name two good practices when writing emails.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
Why is it important to include your contact information in an email?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What information can you put in the subject line to help recipients prioritize?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
Why should you be discreet when writing emails?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
176 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Vocabulary
Definitions
Lesson 19
astronaut
n.
a person who has been trained to travel in outer space in a
spacecraft
•
In July 1969, two astronauts walked on the moon.
Also n. astronautics
aviation
n.
the art or science of flying, designing, producing and maintaining
aircraft
•
In Northern Canada, where people are dependent on air travel
and air freight, aviation is one of the largest industries.
Also n. aviator
coveted
adj.
something that many people would like to have
•
It has been suggested that two of the most coveted benefits an
employer can offer an employee are flexible hours and a shorter
work week.
Also v. covet
dedicated
adj.
1.
describes people who give a lot of time and energy to
something they believe is very important
2. describes something set aside for a specific purpose
•
1.
2.
Harvey was dedicated to building his business.
The office had a dedicated telephone line for fax
transmissions.
Also n. dedication; v. dedicate
degree
qualification given to a student who has successfully completed
a course of study at a college or university
2. the extent of something
3. a measurement, especially related to temperature
n.
1.
•
1.
Now that she had her degree in Business Administration, Joan
was eager to start working.
2. The job Darren applied for requires a high degree of skill in
mathematics.
3. The weather report said it would be 13 degrees and sunny
tomorrow.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 177
demonstrate
to express or show that you have a particular feeling, quality or
ability
2. to show how something works in an effort to sell it
3. to make a public expression of dissatisfaction by taking part in
a march or mass meeting
v.
1.
•
1.
He demonstrated his concern for the environment by driving a
hybrid car.
2. Jack was asked to demonstrate how the product worked.
3. Kelly went to Ottawa to demonstrate against cuts in health
spending.
Also n. demonstration, demonstrator; adj. demonstrative
discipline
a particular subject, especially a subject studied at a college or
university
2. self-control, orderliness or efficiency
n.
1.
●
1.
After her first year of university, Samantha changed her
discipline from history to psychology.
2. Five years of self-defence training helped Colin develop some
discipline.
Also adj. disciplined
v.
to punish someone for something they have done wrong
•
The commanding officer disciplined the soldier for disobeying
orders.
Also n. disciplinarian; adj. disciplinary
expand
v.
to grow or increase in size, number or importance
•
Jerome’s family expanded their business into two more
provinces last year.
Also n. expansion; adj. expandable
fierce
adj.
wild, intense; extremely bad or difficult
•
Competition for the last spot on the team was fierce.
Also n. fierceness; adv. fiercely
multiple
adj.
more than one
•
You see more twins and triplets these days because the use of
fertility drugs can lead to multiple births.
178 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
official
adj.
publicly recognized as legal or authorized
●
Canada has two official languages, English and French.
Also adv. officially
preferably
n.
someone in an office or position of authority, duty or trust
•
Tara and Henry were married by an official of the church.
adv.
most desirably; if at all possible
•
Preferably, the applicant for this position would be bilingual.
Also n. preference; v. prefer; adj. preferable, preferred
proficient
adj.
skilled and experienced in an art, occupation or area of knowledge
•
Sara is proficient in three languages: English, Spanish and French.
Also n. proficiency; adv. proficiently
rigorous
adj.
done in a very thorough and strict way
•
The champion maintained a rigorous training schedule throughout
the year.
Also n. rigour; adv. rigorously
select
v.
to choose a small number of people or things, especially for
excellence or a special quality
•
The human resources team had to select five candidates to
interview.
Also n. selection; adj. selective; adv. selectively
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 179
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 19
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings. Use each word once.
multiple
proficient
coveted
demonstrate
fierce
expand
discipline
dedicated
rigorous
official
1.
able to do something well
_______________________________
2.
done in a thorough manner
_______________________________
3.
someone who is in a position of authority
_______________________________
4.
violent
_______________________________
5.
to present what you know
_______________________________
6.
desired
_______________________________
7.
committed to someone or something
_______________________________
8.
field of study
_______________________________
9.
to enlarge or develop
_______________________________
10.
many
_______________________________
Score
180 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 19
Fill in the blanks using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
astronaut
demonstrate
dedicated
rigorous
fierce
select
multiple
coveted
aviation
proficient
1.
Roberta Bondar was the first Canadian female ______________________ to go on a
space mission.
2.
The Dionne quintuplets are Canada’s most famous children to result from a
______________________ birth.
3.
The ___________________museum has a special display of antique airplanes from
the early twentieth century.
4.
The _________________ battle ended with many casualties and deaths.
5.
Getting ready for the Olympics involves a ______________________ training
schedule.
6.
Four years of university and twenty-seven years of experience have made Edmund
______________________ in the field of marketing research.
7.
The three candidates wanted the salary and prestige that came with the
____________________ position of company president.
8.
The ______________________ volunteer worked long hours in difficult conditions.
9.
Catherine was able to ______________________ her ideas for the advertising
campaign during the presentation.
10.
It is up to the hockey coach to __________________ the players who will be on the
team.
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 181
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 19
Circle the letters that correspond to the correct answer(s) to the questions below. There may
be more than one correct answer for each question.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10
Which of the following can be fierce?
a) a battle
b) a storm
c)
d)
desire
a kitten
Which of the following could be official?
a) a document
b) a tax cut
c)
d)
a law
the end of a war
Which of the following might be coveted?
a) a used tissue
b) a free trip
c)
d)
an infectious disease
a worn tire
Which of the following are likely to be proficient?
a) an expert
c)
b) someone with a degree
d)
a new trainee
a famous artist
Which of the following might be dedicated?
a) an author
b) a doctor
c)
d)
a missionary
a college student
Which of the following could be multiple?
a) exits from a movie theatre
b) candidates chosen to fill one vacancy
c)
d)
solutions to a problem
spoken languages
Which of the following could be rigorous?
a) boot camp
b) retraining
c)
d)
resting
mountain climbing
Which of the following might be selected?
a) a radio station
b) a college
c)
d)
a job applicant
an accident
Which of the following could expand?
a) population
b) a person’s mind
c)
d)
a hospital
a company
Which of the following could be a discipline or show discipline?
a) political science
c) good study habits
b) watching television
d) practising the piano
Score
182 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
/10
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 19
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
degree
preferably
coveted
official
select
aviation
proficient
expand
rigorous
multiple
1.
ship is to navigation as airplane is to
____________________________
2.
driver training is to licence as university
education is to
____________________________
3.
consider is to considerably as prefer is to
____________________________
4.
admired is to respected as desired is to
____________________________
5.
decrease is to increase as shrink is to
____________________________
6.
open-minded is to prejudiced as relaxing is to
____________________________
7.
singular is to one as plural is to
____________________________
8.
refuse is to accept as reject is to
____________________________
9.
unapproved is to draft as authorized is to
____________________________
10.
unkind is to nice as unskilled is to
____________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 183
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 19
Read the text below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
How can I become an astronaut?
Because so many people are fascinated with the idea of space travel, competition for a coveted
few astronaut positions is fierce. Among those individuals who are selected, many have
multiple degrees in medicine, science and/or engineering, while some have military training,
and some have aviation flight experience. All, however, are among the best in their chosen
fields, and all are dedicated to expanding our scientific knowledge to help improve the quality o
Earth and in space.
To improve your chances of becoming an astronaut, consider the following:
•
Earn at least one advanced degree in science or engineering
•
Become proficient in more than one discipline
•
Develop your public speaking skills, preferably in both official languages
•
Demonstrate concern for others by taking part in community activities
•
Maintain your physical fitness
•
OPTIONAL: learn to skydive, scuba dive and/or pilot an airplane
Once selected for the astronaut program, astronaut candidates undergo continuous and
rigorous training to prepare for missions onboard the space shuttle and/or onboard the
International Space Station (ISS).
Source:Canadian Space Agency website:
http://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/eng/about/faqs_educators.asp#1
184 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
Questions
1.
Lesson 19
What types of degrees are needed to become an astronaut?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
Name two optional skills that an astronaut might have.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
What must astronauts maintain?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
Why is the competition for astronaut positions fierce?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
Once accepted into the program, what must astronauts undergo?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 185
Vocabulary
Definitions
access
n.
1.
2.
•
Lesson 20
permission or ability to enter a place
permission to see information
There is a door at the side of the building for wheelchair access.
2. The insurance company requested access to my medical
records.
1.
Also n. accessibility; v. access; adj. accessible
agency
n.
1.
2.
armoured
a business that provides services on behalf of another business
an administrative organization usually run by a government
•
1.
adj.
having a protective covering (e.g. bullet-proof, bomb-proof)
•
Mike’s favourite job was transferring bank money to different
locations in an armoured truck.
The security agency was hired by the city to help maintain
order at public events during the summer.
2. The Canada Revenue Agency collects federal taxes.
Also n. armour; v. armour
assigned
adj.
for which a person is responsible; at which a person is supposed
to be
•
The current policy does not grant employees on duty the right to
leave their assigned posts to attend general meetings.
Also n. assignment; v. assign
automated
adj.
performed by machine rather than by people
•
Some people would say that the automated world has increased
rather than decreased our workload.
Also n. automation; v. automate; adj. automatic
coordinate
v.
to have things or people act together in a smooth, effective way
•
David was asked to coordinate the work schedule while the
supervisor was on holidays.
Also n. coordination, coordinator; adj. coordinated
enforce
v.
to make people follow laws or rules
•
As part of the security team for a famous musician, Adam’s job
was to enforce the “no entrance” policy at the stage door.
Also n. enforcement, enforcer, enforceability; adj. enforceable
186 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
establishment
n.
1. place
of business or residence
2. the establishment: the group of people who have power and
influence
•
1. This
tourist area is famous for its fine restaurants and food
establishments.
2. Large financial institutions are said to be a part of the country’s
economic establishment.
Also v. establish; adj. established
industrial
adj.
relating to companies whose main business is manufacturing
•
Tom’s factory is in the industrial part of the city.
Also n. industry, industrialization; v. industrialize; adj. industrialized
occupation
n.
a person’s job or regular activity
•
Many occupations require specific training or experience.
Also v. occupy; adj. occupational; adv. occupationally
patrol
v.
to move around an area to make sure there is no trouble there
•
As a police officer, it was her job to patrol different parts of the
city every day.
Also n. patrol, patroller, patrolman, patrolwoman
supervise
v.
to make sure that someone or something is performing correctly
•
My boss asked me to supervise the training of the two new staff
members.
Also n. supervisor, supervision; adj. supervisory
teller
valuables
n.
someone who serves customers at a bank by handling their
deposits and withdrawals
•
The bank is training a new teller to cover Francine’s maternity
leave.
n.
items that are worth a lot of money, especially jewellery
•
The Smith family kept their valuables in a safe behind a picture
in their living room.
Also n. value, valuation; adj. valuable
vandalism
n.
damage done to public property on purpose
•
The vandalism at the school this year included broken windows,
damaged gym equipment and graffiti.
Also v. vandalize
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 187
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 20
Match the phrases in Column A with those in Column B to make complete sentences. Put
the correct letters on the lines provided. Use each phrase once.
Column A
Column B
1.
___
An automated bank machine
a. is a form of vandalism.
2.
___
Large companies are often referred
to as being part of
b. it is carefully examined and
monitored.
3.
___
c. to coordinate a plan for peace.
4.
___
The United Nations sent
representatives to the war-torn
country
A person’s occupation
5.
___
Police officers patrol the roads on
holiday weekends
e. “the establishment.”
6.
___
When work is assigned to you
f. by the police forces and the court
system.
7.
___
The laws of a country are enforced
g. to watch for reckless drivers.
8.
___
An industrial park is an area
h. may be referred to as a job or
career.
9.
___
Writing graffiti on public property
i. you are expected to complete it.
10.
___
If your work is strictly supervised
j. gives access to bank accounts 24
hours a day.
d. where factories are located.
Score
188 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 20
Replace the underlined word(s) with a vocabulary word that has a similar meaning. Put the
correct answer in the space provided. Use each word once.
vandalism
valuables
automated
establishments
patrol
access
coordinated
supervise
teller
enforce
1.
At the bank, the woman who cashed my paycheque
advised me to open a savings account.
1._________________
2.
My husband insists on keeping our savings bonds and
expensive jewellery in our safety deposit box at the bank.
2._________________
3.
It was her job to direct and oversee the activities of the
daycare centre.
3._________________
4.
Many commercial places where we can do business are
conveniently located in the strip mall.
4._________________
5.
Stricter regulations are required to make people obey the
patent laws.
5._________________
6.
More officers were sent to watch for illegal entry at the
border.
6._________________
7.
The troublesome youths were sent to jail for damaging
public property.
7._________________
8.
The downtown merchants combined their efforts to
organize an annual sidewalk sale.
8._________________
9.
Most modern factories are operated by computerized
machines.
9._________________
10.
Using the public library and the Internet, I can easily locate
any information I require.
10.________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 189
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 20
Circle the letters that correspond to the correct answer(s) to the questions below. There may
be more than one correct answer for each question.
1.
2.
Which of these things cannot be enforced?
a) weather
b) town by-laws
c)
d)
Which of the following are considered valuable?
a) investments
b) family
c) Rolex watch
d) plastic cutlery
regulations
attendance
3.
Which establishments would you find in an industrial area?
a) hair salon
c) furniture factory
b) restaurant
d) textile mill
4.
Which of the following are occupations?
a) lawyer
b) judge
c)
d)
baseball player
candle snuffer
Which of the following can be supervised?
a) departments
b) schools
c)
d)
students
clouds
Which of the following can be assigned?
a) homework
b) tornado
c)
d)
projects
soldiers
Which of the following can be vandalized?
a) building
b) cemetery
c)
d)
person
pet
5.
6.
7.
8.
Which of the following would you generally have access to?
a) someone else’s safety deposit box
c) an unlisted phone number
b) a secret government document
d) a library
9.
Which of the following would not likely be armoured?
a) bicycle
c) truck picking up money
b) army tank
d) snowmobile
10.
Which of the following would not be considered an agency?
a) Children’s Aid Society
c) jewellery store
b) Humane Society
d) Food Bank
Score
190 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
/10
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 20
Circle the two words in each row that are either a pair of synonyms or a pair of antonyms.
Circle S for synonym or A for antonym.
1.
superior
supervise
establishment
manage
S
A
2.
industrial
machinery
residential
technical
S
A
3.
buildings
vandalism
supervise
restoration
S
A
4.
access
attend
admittance
disallow
S
A
5.
automated
technical
computerized
machines
S
A
The prefix “auto” means “self.”
•
Automatic means working by itself.
•
Automobile means a self-moving vehicle.
•
Autograph means writing your own name.
•
Automated means using automatic equipment.
•
An autobiography is a story you write about yourself.
Fill in the blanks below using the words automatic, automobile, autograph, automated and
autobiography.
1.
When management installed computerized machinery and the factory became
____________________, several workers were laid off.
2.
The hockey fan waited outside the arena to try to get the ___________________ of his
favourite player.
3.
The first ____________________ was called a “horseless carriage” because it moved
under its own power and did not need to be pulled.
4.
Modern homes are equipped with _____________________ appliances, which save
time and effort.
5.
Have you read Benjamin Franklin’s ______________________ and what he wrote
about his experiments with electricity?
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 191
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 20
Read the occupational profile below and answer the questions that follow in complete
sentences.
Security Guards and Related Occupations (NOC 6651)
Nature of the Work
Security guards and other related workers guard property against theft and vandalism, control
access to establishments, maintain order and enforce regulations at public events and within
establishments. This occupation also includes gate attendants, bodyguards, bouncers,
commissionaires and crossing guards. They are employed by private security agencies, retail
stores, industrial establishments, museums and other establishments.
Main Duties
The duties of people in these occupations may require them to control access to
establishments, issue passes and direct visitors to appropriate areas. They may patrol assigned
areas to guard against theft, shoplifting, vandalism and fire. They may enforce regulations of
an establishment to maintain order or perform security checks of passengers and luggage at
airports. They may drive and guard armoured trucks and deliver cash and valuables to banks,
automated teller machines and retail establishments. They may also supervise and
coordinate the activities of other security guards.
Source: Work Futures: British Columbia Occupational Outlooks, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (B.C./Yukon Region)
and B.C. Ministry of Advanced Education http://www.workfutures.bc.ca/profiles/profile.cfm?noc=6651&lang=en&site=graphic
192 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
Questions
1.
Lesson 20
What are the main duties of security guards?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
Name three types of establishments that might hire security guards.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
How do security guards control the movement of people from one area to another?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What crimes would a security guard watch out for while patrolling an assigned
area?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
What would security guards supervise and coordinate?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 193
Vocabulary Review: Unit 5
Complete the crossword puzzle using vocabulary words from the lessons in this unit.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
11
10
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
ACROSS
2. a person's job
4. desired by many
6. way of doing things
9. to make or manufacture
10. qualification of a university graduate
11. a business that offers a service to a
person or another business
15. series of actions done in a certain
order or manner
16. to get something back
17. place where emails are received
18. often
194 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 5
DOWN
1. more than one
3. synonym for “organize”
5. items that are worth a lot of money
7. find ways to help
8. synonym for “show”
11. to give someone permission to what
they need
12. an employee who keeps records
13. someone who travels in space
14. to direct and oversee
15. to guard an are
Unit 5 Word List
These are the vocabulary words from Unit 5. The number beside each word
indicates the lesson in which it was studied.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
access (20)
accommodate (17)
addressee (18)
advance (17)
agency (20)
appropriate (17)
armoured (20)
assigned (20)
astronaut (19)
attention (17)
automated (20)
aviation (19)
briefly (18)
c.c. (18)
clerk (17)
conduct (18)
cooperation (17)
coordinate (20)
courier (18)
coveted (19)
dedicated (19)
degree (19)
demonstrate (19)
depart (17)
department (17)
develop (18)
discipline (19)
discreet (18)
enforce (20)
establishment (20)
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
expand (19)
fierce (19)
forward (18)
frequently (17)
head (18)
humorous (18)
inbox (18)
industrial (20)
memorandum (17)
multiple (19)
occupation (20)
official (19)
patrol (20)
practice (18)
preferably (19)
prepare (17)
prioritize (18)
procedure (17)
proficient (19)
regarding (17)
retrieve (17)
rigorous(19)
secretary (17)
select (19)
supervise (20)
teller (20)
title (18)
tone (18)
valuables (20)
vandalism (20)
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 195
Unit 6
Lesson 21:
Page 197
adjournment
agenda
approval
credit
distribute
minutes
national
order
previous
project
purchasing
regular
submit
unanimously
upgrading
Lesson 22:
Page 206
administrative
anticipate
basic
capability
clearance
exercise
permanent
pressure
result
specify
switchboard
term
transfer
vacancy
valid
Lesson 23:
Page 214
approximately
behalf
certified
custodian
draft
inactive
negotiable
outstanding
prescribe
prior
regulate
relation
represent
unclaimed
worth
Lesson 24:
Page 222
achieve
challenge
competitive
drastically
driven
enhance
ensure
formal
foundation
globalization
literacy
pursue
refer
respond
technology
Unit Review:
Crossword Puzzle
196 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
Page 230
Vocabulary
Definitions
Lesson 21
adjournment
n.
the end, pause, rest or delay during a formal meeting or trial
•
The adjournment of the trial meant that the case would not be
settled until after the holidays.
Also v. adjourn
agenda
approval
n.
a list of items that need to be discussed at a meeting; a list of things
to do or vote on
•
Georgina asked for fire safety to be put on the agenda for the next
meeting.
n.
the act of giving permission
•
Sandra received approval from the accounting manager to attend the
convention in May.
Also v. approve
credit
n.
1.
a system that provides time before payment is due
a positive amount on a financial balance sheet or invoice
3. praise or recognition for something
2.
•
1.
Mark purchased his new television on credit so that he did not
have to pay right away.
2. The invoice from the rental company showed a credit of $25 for
returning the equipment early.
3. Alice shared the credit for the job with her team since they had all
helped make the assignment a success.
Also n. creditor; v. credit; adj. creditable
distribute
v.
to deliver something to a number of people
•
Penny’s job at the law firm was to distribute incoming mail and
collect outgoing mail.
Also n. distribution
minutes
n.
the written record of items that were discussed or decided on at a
meeting
•
The minutes from last week’s meeting included details on the
marketing plan.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 197
national
adj.
relating to a whole country and its people
•
Canada’s official national winter sport is ice hockey, and its
national summer sport is lacrosse.
Also n. nation, nationality, nationalism; adv. nationally
order
n.
call to order: official opening of a meeting
tidiness, neatness; peaceful harmony
3. sequence in which items are arranged
1.
2.
•
1.
After the call to order, everyone at the meeting stopped talking
and got ready to discuss the matters on the agenda.
2. When the demonstrators began breaking store windows and
damaging cars, the police stepped in to restore order.
3. The books on the shelf were in alphabetical order.
Also n. orderliness; v. order; adj. orderly
previous
adj.
before
•
Lisa found the training for her new job rather easy, as she had
already learned many of the tasks at her previous job.
Also adv. previously
project
purchasing
n.
a section of work or activity with one or more specific goals and
scheduled start and end dates
•
Jessica was praised for successfully managing the company’s
national advertising project.
n.
buying
•
Most large companies have a purchasing department that is
responsible for buying all the equipment, supplies and services used
by the company.
Also n. purchase, purchaser; v. purchase
regular
adj.
usual, standard
•
The regular start time for the meeting is 10:00 a.m., but this week it
was changed to 2:00 p.m.
Also n. regularity; adv. regularly
198 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
submit
v.
1.
2.
•
to give to someone for a decision
to give in, surrender, obey
1.
As soon as the new position was posted, Nadia’s boss suggested
that she submit an application.
2. The unruly students refused to submit to the teacher’s discipline.
Also n. submission; adj. submissive; adv. submissively
unanimously
adv
with all members of the group agreeing on a decision
•
At their fall meeting, the members of the Social Committee decided
unanimously that the Committee would organize five events for the
following year.
Also n. unanimity; adj. unanimous
upgrading
n.
1.
2.
•
the act of improving the condition of a thing
the act of improving a person’s abilities
1.
The deck needed upgrading, as it was broken in several places.
2. Olivia felt her skills needed upgrading if she wanted to move
ahead in her career.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 199
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 21
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings. Use each word once.
submit
unanimously
distribute
regular
previous
approval
agenda
project
national
minutes
1.
list of things to do
________________________________
2.
regarding the whole country
________________________________
3.
to hand out
________________________________
4.
happening before
________________________________
5.
usual
________________________________
6.
to hand in
________________________________
7.
as one
________________________________
8.
task
________________________________
9.
official notes of a meeting
________________________________
10.
consent
________________________________
Score
200 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 21
Replace the underlined word(s) with a vocabulary word that has a similar meaning. Put the
correct answer in the space provided. Use each word once.
adjournment
upgrading
agenda
previous
purchasing
credit
minutes
national
unanimously
distribute
1.
Claire planned to give out copies of the company newsletter
after lunch on Friday.
1.________________
2.
The staff voted 100 percent in favour of giving money from its
social fund to a staff member whose child needed special
medical equipment.
2.________________
3.
The judge ordered an interruption of the trial until Monday
morning at 9:00 a.m.
3.________________
4.
Hector went to the store to talk to someone about improving his
computer.
4.________________
5.
Several proposals from staff members were added to the list of
items to be discussed for next month’s meeting.
5.________________
6.
My brother and his wife pay the amount owing on their charge
account cards every month.
6.________________
7.
The secretary was off sick, so one of the board members took the 7.________________
written record of the meeting.
8.
Do you watch the countrywide news as well as the local news?
8.________________
9.
Ordering and paying for new books for the school was Joan’s
responsibility.
9.________________
10.
The former manager was friendly with everyone, but not very
efficient at his job.
10._______________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 201
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 21
submit
regular
previous
distribute
approval
project
upgrading
order
agenda
adjournment
A synonym is a word that means the same or almost the same as another word.
Match a vocabulary word in the list above with its synonym below.
1.
postponement
________________________
2.
improving
________________________
3.
task
________________________
4.
to-do list
________________________
5.
permission
________________________
An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word.
Match a vocabulary word in the list at the top of the page with its antonym below.
6.
following
________________________
7.
confusion
________________________
8.
collect
________________________
9.
occasional
________________________
10.
resist
________________________
Score
202 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
/10
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 21
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
national
adjournment
order
previous
upgrading
credit
distribute
submit
agenda
regular
1.
withdrawal is to deposit as debit is to
_______________________________
2.
Ontario is to provincial as Canada is to
_______________________________
3.
get is to receive as hand in is to
_______________________________
4.
state is to statement as adjourn is to
_______________________________
5.
noise is to quiet as mess is to
_______________________________
6.
after is to next as before is to
_______________________________
7.
weight-lifting is to strengthening as adult
education is to
_______________________________
8.
unfaithful is to disloyal as usual is to
_______________________________
9.
email is to send as report is to
_______________________________
10.
concert is to program as meeting is to
_______________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 203
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 21
Read the text below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
National Office Services
Meeting Minutes
December 15
Opening:
The regular meeting of National Office Services was called to order at 10:15 a.m. on
December 15, in Halifax, by Gregory Green.
Present: Loretta Bartlett, Joan Scarlett, Debbie Bowring,
John Francis, Sandra Farnorth, Jennifer Waldo
A.
Approval of Agenda
The agenda was unanimously approved as distributed.
B.
Approval of Minutes
The minutes of the previous meeting were unanimously approved as distributed.
C.
Open Issues
1. Skills Upgrading: Loretta reported that the skills upgrading project will begin at
the end of the month.
2. Hiring: John and Joan will interview candidates for two positions.
D.
New Business
1. Credit Cards: New employee credit cards are available at the accounting office.
2. Review of Purchasing Policies: A number of possible changes were discussed.
Debbie is to prepare a draft document and submit it at the February meeting.
E.
Agenda for Next Meeting
1. Skills Upgrading Project
2. Orientation of New Employees
Adjournment:
The meeting was adjourned at 12:35 p.m. by Gregory Green. The next meeting will be held
at 10:15 a.m. on January 15, in Halifax.
Minutes prepared by: Jennifer Waldo
204 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
Questions
1.
Lesson 21
Where and when will the next meeting be held?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
Who prepared the minutes?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
When was the meeting called to order?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
Under what heading does review of purchasing policies come?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
What are the agenda items for the next meeting?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 205
Vocabulary
Definitions
Lesson 22
administrative
adj. related to the organization and management of business matters
The administrative staff met in the boardroom to discuss this year’s
•
budget.
Also n. administration; v. administer, administrate; adv. administratively
anticipate
v.
to expect that something will happen
•
They anticipated that there would be over 500 applicants for the
position.
Also n. anticipation; adj. anticipated
basic
adj. simple, not complicated
After the interview, they tested me to evaluate my basic math skills.
•
Also n. basics; adv. basically
capability
n.
•
clearance
n.
exercise
v.
permanent
adj. lasting for a very long time or indefinitely
Mary was offered a permanent position with the company.
•
Also n. permanence, permanency; adv. permanently
pressure
n.
ability to do things and achieve results effectively
These tests are beyond the capabilities of an elementary school
student.
Also adj. capable; adv. capably
1.
permission for something; confirmation that official conditions are
met
2. on clearance: for sale at reduced prices in order to clear out the
stock
1. In order to enter the restricted area, you will need clearance from
•
security.
2. Jamie saved a lot of money when she went shopping because the
items she bought were on clearance.
Also v. clear
1.
to put into action; use or employ
2. to engage in physical activity
1. Candidates for the job must be able to exercise good judgment.
•
2. John exercises every morning by riding his bike to work.
Also n. exercise
1.
stress caused by responsibilities or demands
2. exertion or force
1. Hilda changed jobs because she did not like the pressure of
•
working with strict deadlines.
2. Mike put pressure on his wound to stop the bleeding.
Also v. pressure, press
206 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
result
v.
●
n.
•
result in: to cause something to happen; to bring about an outcome
Failure to pay your telephone bill could result in services being
disconnected.
outcome that happens because something else has caused it to happen
We waited until midnight to find out the election results.
specify
to describe something very clearly and exactly
v.
Could you specify which date you prefer for delivery?
•
Also n. specification; adj. specific; adv. specifically
switchboard
n.
•
term
n.
a piece of equipment used to direct telephone calls that are made to
and from a particular location
In 1950 Bernice worked on the switchboard, putting telephone calls
through to company employees.
1.
one of the conditions of an agreement
a specified period of time an insurance policy is in effect, a job is
held or a politician is in office
1. The terms of employment state that employees must be available
to work evenings and weekends.
2. Janet was hired under contract for a six-month term.
2.
•
transfer
v.
vacancy
n.
•
valid
adj.
to send something or someone from one person, place or position to
another
Next September Kurt and his wife will be transferring their three
•
children from the local public school to a private school.
Also n. transfer; adj. transferable
a position, office or lease that is unfilled or unoccupied
When Leslie called this morning, the manager told her there was one
vacancy, for the position of front desk clerk.
Also v. vacate; adj. vacant; adv. vacantly
effective or legal within a time limit
on truth or logic
1. My passport is valid for another two years.
•
2. Terri made some valid points regarding the value of education.
Also n. validation, validity; v. validate
1.
2. based
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 207
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 22
Match the phrases in Column A with those in Column B to make complete sentences. Put
the correct letters on the lines provided. Use each phrase once.
Column A
Column B
1.
___
To specify your preference is to
a)
directing or organizing business
matters.
the outcome of an action or
process.
claim what you are entitled to.
2.
___
If your licence is valid, it is
b)
3.
___
A vacancy refers to
c)
4.
___
To exercise your rights is to
d)
5.
___
An administrative job involves
e)
6.
___
A result is
f)
7.
___
If you anticipate something, you
g)
something that is not taken or
filled.
permission to enter or to do
something.
legal and can be used until it
expires.
state clearly what you want.
8.
___
To have clearance is to have
h)
expect something to happen.
9.
___
Pressure refers to
i)
a strong, coordinated, active body.
10.
___
Having good physical capabilities
means having
j)
stressful demands on your time,
attention or energy.
Score
208 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 22
Replace the underlined word(s) with a vocabulary word that has a similar meaning. Put the
correct answer in the space provided. Use each word once.
transferring
specify
pressure
exercise
terms
clearance
basic
switchboard
permanent
anticipated
1.
With a simple understanding of accounting, Greta was able 1.___________________
to do well in the training for the accounts payable position.
2.
The couple next door were very happy with the conditions
of their rental contract.
2.___________________
3.
Helena accepted a promotion and will be moving to the
head office.
3.___________________
4.
The accounting manager expected a delay in the hiring
process, so he kept the temporary worker from the agency
for another month.
4.___________________
5.
In the box on the right, please state which size you need.
5.___________________
6.
The recent change in management has put a lot of strain
on Beverley.
6.___________________
7.
Carlos gave up his steady position at the railroad so that he 7.___________________
could return to school.
8.
The snowfall was so heavy, the pilot wasn’t sure he would
get permission to land.
8.___________________
9.
The young woman who started at reception last week
needs to use some discretion in what she says to the hotel
clients.
9.___________________
10.
They were using the same telephone equipment that was
there when the company opened 25 years ago.
10.__________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 209
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 22
clearance
result
valid
terms
vacant
capabilities
specify
basic
permanent
pressure
A synonym is a word that means the same or almost the same as another word.
Match a vocabulary word in the list above with its synonym below.
1.
conditions
________________________
2.
approval
________________________
3.
indicate
________________________
4.
outcome
________________________
5.
stress
________________________
An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word.
Match a vocabulary word in the list at the top of the page with its antonym below.
6.
complex
________________________
7.
worthless
________________________
8.
inabilities
________________________
9.
temporary
________________________
10.
occupied
________________________
Score
210 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
/10
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 22
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
permanent
switchboard
transferring
administrative
terms
vacancy
result
clearance
pressure
valid
1.
bank is to financial as office is to
_______________________________
2.
stop is to go as refusal is to
_______________________________
3.
problems are to worry as demands are to
_______________________________
4.
regulations are to rules as conditions are to
_______________________________
5.
showing is to presenting as moving is to
_______________________________
6.
low is to high as temporary is to
_______________________________
7.
present is to gift as opening is to
_______________________________
8.
loud is to quiet as expired is to
_______________________________
9.
question is to answer as cause is to
_______________________________
10.
email is to computer as phone call is to
_______________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 211
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 22
Read the job advertisement below and answer the questions that follow in complete
sentences.
Title: Administrative Clerk (Telephone Operator / Administrative Clerk) (NOC: 1441)
Terms of Employment: Permanent, Full Time, Day
Salary: Negotiable
Anticipated Start Date: April 15
Location: Moncton, NB (1 vacancy)
Skill Requirements:
Education: Completion of high school
Experience: 1 - 2 years
Languages: Speak English, Read English, Write English
Business Equipment and Computer Applications: Windows, General office equipment,
Electronic mail, Electronic scheduler, WordPerfect, MS Word, MS Excel, Internet browser
Typing (Words Per Minute): 0 - 40 wpm
Specific Skills: Maintain inventory of office supplies, Order supplies and equipment, Provide
information to staff and the general public, File documents
Security and Safety: Basic security clearance
Work Conditions and Physical Capabilities: Work under pressure, Attention to detail
Transportation/Travel Information: Valid driver's licence, Public transportation is
available
Essential Skills: Reading text, Document use, Oral communication, Working with others,
Problem solving, Critical thinking, Finding information, Computer use, Continuous learning
Other Information: One year general clerical plus one year switchboard operator experience
required. Responsible for transferring calls. Ability to exercise diplomacy with incoming
calls. Provide clerical/admin support. Must obtain/hold non-sensitive security clearance. Must
hold valid Canadian driver’s licence.
Employer: XYZ
How to Apply:
Please apply for this job only in the manner specified by the employer. Failure to do so may result
in your application not being properly considered for the position.
By Fax: (506) 444-4444
212 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
Questions
1.
Lesson 22
List the computer applications you need to know for this position.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
How many words per minute do you need to be able to type in this position?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
How many years of experience are required for this position?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What happens if you don’t apply for the job in the manner specified?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
Name two specific skills that you need to be able to do this job.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 213
Vocabulary
Definitions
approximately
adv.
Lesson 23
close to a particular number or time; not exactly
Susan lives approximately three kilometres from the mall.
•
Also n. approximation; v. approximate; adj. approximate
behalf
certified
n.
on behalf of: as a representative of someone else
•
After his father died, John handled the finances on behalf of his
mother, who was sick.
adj.
1.
guaranteed by the bank
accredited; having a document proving that you have
successfully completed a training program
1
.
She
needed a certified cheque to cover the first month’s rent.
•
2. Sherry took a course and is now a certified Special Education
teacher.
Also n. certification; v. certify; adj. certifiable; adv. certifiably
2.
custodian
n.
draft
n.
inactive
adj.
•
negotiable
adj.
a person or body responsible for protecting or maintaining
something
The trust company is a custodian for its clients’ records and assets.
•
Also n. custody; adj. custodial
1.
an order for money to be paid by a bank, usually to another bank
2. a version of a written document that is not final and may be
revised.
1. Jordan received a bank draft from the people who bought her
•
house.
2. I think the second draft of this letter is much better than the first.
Also v. draft
in a state of doing nothing
The free email account was suspended because it had been inactive
for more than 60 days.
Also n. inactivity
1.
a financial document (or “instrument”) that can be exchanged for
an amount of money
2. something that may be discussed and changed
1. Helen knew that she had been cheated when the bank told her that
•
the cheque was not negotiable.
2. When Ken applied for the job, he was told the salary was fixed
and not negotiable.
Also n. negotiation; v. negotiate
214 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
outstanding
unsettled; not yet paid, solved or done
excellent; much better than the usual
1. The balance owing on that invoice has been outstanding for over
•
90 days.
2. After the choir’s outstanding performance, the audience stood
up and applauded.
Also adv. outstandingly
adj.
1.
2.
prescribe
v.
1.
to set, pre-arrange or dictate
to order medicine for a patient
1. The penalties for not paying taxes are prescribed by law.
2. The doctor prescribed an antibiotic for my son’s throat infection.
2.
•
Also n. prescription; adj. prescriptive; adv. prescriptively
prior
adv.
•
regulate
v.
•
relation
n.
prior to: before
Prior to the meeting, Eleanor arranged for a caterer, set up the
projector, and made copies of the agenda.
Also adj. prior
to control by a system or set of rules
You can regulate the temperature in the room by adjusting the
thermostat.
Also n. regulation; adj. regulatory
1.
in relation to: in comparison with
a connection with something or someone
1. Loretta looked at a map to see where she was in relation to the
•
hotel.
2. She claimed that there was no relation between her lack of sleep
and the number of errors she made.
Also n. relationship; v. relate; adj. related
2.
represent
v.
•
unclaimed
adj.
to have permission to act or speak for someone else
As a lawyer, Catherine’s job was to represent her client to the best
of her ability.
Also n. representative, representation
●
worth
describes money or property that the rightful owner has not taken
possession of
The police sold all of the unclaimed items at an auction.
of a value equivalent to
My parents’ house is worth three times what they paid for it
because the value has gone up over time.
Also n. worth
adj.
•
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 215
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 23
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings. Use each word once.
represent
approximately
outstanding
relation
inactive
prescribed
prior
regulate
worth
draft
1.
connection
________________________________
2.
doing nothing
________________________________
3.
to write the first copy of a document
________________________________
4.
value of something
________________________________
5.
to control by a system or set of rules
________________________________
6.
much better than usual
________________________________
7.
roughly
________________________________
8.
previous
________________________________
9.
according to written legal guidelines
________________________________
10.
to have permission to act or speak for
someone else
________________________________
Score
216 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 23
Replace the underlined word(s) with a vocabulary word that has a similar meaning. Put the
correct answer in the space provided. Use each word once.
worth
in relation to
custodian
prior
outstanding
unclaimed
negotiable
certified
approximately
represent
1.
The bank charged a fee to have the cheque guaranteed.
1.________________
2.
The appraiser told Mark and Samantha that the ring was
valued at five thousand dollars.
2.________________
3.
We worked out that the damage to our basement would cost
something like fifteen thousand dollars to repair.
3.________________
4.
Eleanor had three bridal showers previous to her wedding.
4.________________
5.
At the end of the evening, there were four jackets that
remained unspoken for at the coat check.
5.________________
6.
I was sure I had paid the unpaid balance on this account.
6.________________
7.
A bank draft is exchangeable, because it can be exchanged
for money.
7.________________
8.
Larry hired a lawyer to speak for him in court.
8.________________
9.
Anna could not figure out where she was with reference to
the map.
9.________________
10.
There are three trust companies in town that you can choose
from to act as guardian of your estate.
10._______________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 217
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 23
approximately
outstanding
prior
regulated
negotiable
custodian
unclaimed
draft
inactive
represent
A synonym is a word that means the same or almost the same as another word.
Match a vocabulary word in the list above with its synonym below.
1.
speak for
________________________
2.
exchangeable
________________________
3.
rough copy
________________________
4.
controlled
________________________
5.
guardian
________________________
An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word.
Match a vocabulary word in the list at the top of the page with its antonym below.
6.
following
________________________
7.
taken
________________________
8.
paid
________________________
9.
exactly
________________________
10.
being used
________________________
Score
218 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
/10
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 23
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
custodian
relation
worth
outstanding
draft
prescribed
prior
inactive
approximately
regulate
1.
peacemaker is to diplomat as caregiver is to
__________________________
2.
energetic is to lazy as busy is to
__________________________
3.
calculation is to exactly as estimation is to
__________________________
4.
votes are to popularity as assets are to
__________________________
5.
paid is to settled as owing is to
__________________________
6.
dam is to control as traffic light is to
__________________________
7.
friendship is to companionship as association is to
__________________________
8.
after is to before as following is to
__________________________
9.
person is to cheque as bank is to
__________________________
10.
planned is to organized as dictated is to
__________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 219
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 23
Read the article below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
Bank of Canada
How much money is held at the Bank of Canada as unclaimed balances?
At the end of December 2006, approximately 845,000 unclaimed balances, worth some $294 million,
were on the Bank’s books. Over 88% of these were under $500, representing 22% of the total value
outstanding. The oldest balance dates back to 1900.
Unclaimed Balances
An “unclaimed balance” is a Canadian-dollar deposit or negotiable instrument, issued or held by a
federally regulated bank or trust company. It can be in the form of a deposit account, bank draft,
certified cheque, deposit receipt, money order, Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC), term deposit,
credit card balance or traveller’s cheque.
When there has been no owner activity in relation to the balance for a period of 10 years and the owner
cannot be contacted by the institution holding it, the balance is turned over to the Bank of Canada,
which acts as custodian on behalf of the owner.
Notice
Following amendments that came into effect March 29, 2007, the following limits are prescribed in
federal legislation.
•
•
The Bank of Canada will now hold unclaimed balances for 30 years, once they have been
inactive for 10 years at the financial institutions. Therefore, balances will now be held for a
total of 40 years prior to being considered abandoned once and for all.
Only balances of less than $1,000 will be lost forever after the forty-year period. Previously,
the limit was less than $500.
Adapted from the Bank of Canada website:
http://www.bankofcanada.ca/en/ucb/index.html
220 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
Questions
1.
Lesson 23
What percentage of the unclaimed balances were under $500?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
What changes came into effect after the amendments were passed?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
What happens when an account has been inactive for 40 years?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
How many unclaimed balances were being held by the Bank of Canada in 2006?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
Name three negotiable instruments.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score /50
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 221
Vocabulary
Definitions
Lesson 24
achieve
v.
•
challenge
n.
competitive
adj.
drastically
adv. greatly; with noticeable effects
When they won the lottery, their financial situation changed
•
drastically.
Also adj. drastic
driven
adj. motivated; ambitious; having a strong need to achieve
Valerie is driven by a desire to attend college.
•
Also n. drive; v. drive
enhance
v.
•
ensure
v.
•
to make sure that something happens
While we’re away, please ensure that the garbage is put out and the
mail is collected.
formal
adj.
1.
to succeed in doing or gaining something that requires hard work
Mark is working very hard to achieve success in the world of
finance.
Also n. achievement, achiever; adj. achievable
something that requires a lot of effort in order to be done
successfully and that tests a person’s ability or determination
It was a challenge for Barney to finish his project on time because of
•
the tight deadlines.
Also v. challenge; adj. challenging
1.
able to match or be better than someone or something else
2. having a strong need to win or be more successful than others
1. The company’s products are competitive because they are priced
•
appropriately.
2. The soccer game was very competitive, since both teams wanted
to win.
Also n. competition, competitor; v. compete; adv. competitively
to improve the strength, worth or beauty of something
The quality of pictures on the television has been enhanced by new
technology.
Also n. enhancement
describes education or training received in school
describes serious and correct language, clothes or behaviour
1. I have completed my formal education and I am now ready to start
•
my career as a librarian.
2. The dinner and dance will be formal so you might want to rent a
tuxedo.
Also n. formality; adv. formally
2.
222 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
foundation
n.
1.
the basis of something, such as a building or an idea
an organization that supports and raises money for a special cause
1. Do you believe that trust is the foundation of a good relationship?
2. Damian donated his entire pay cheque to a charitable foundation.
2.
•
globalization
n.
literacy
n.
the process by which countries around the world are becoming
interconnected economically, politically, technologically and
culturally
Some
say that globalization has helped reduce poverty in many
•
developing countries.
Also v. globalize; adj. global
1.
the ability to read and write
skill or knowledge in a particular subject
1. Literacy is the foundation of formal education.
•
2. Computer literacy is a very important skill in today's workplace.
Also adj. literate
2.
pursue
to work hard to achieve or obtain something
to follow or chase
1. Joe would like to pursue a career that involves working with
•
animals.
2. The police pursued the speeding vehicle and arrested the driver.
Also n. pursuer, pursuit; adj. pursuable
v.
1.
2.
refer
v.
to relate to or describe
to direct someone or something to a place, person or thing
1. The first comment refers to the new regulations proposed last
•
week.
2. Her doctor referred her to a specialist to determine the cause of
the rash.
Also n. referral, reference
1.
2.
respond
v.
technology
n.
to react with words or actions to something that has been said or
done
Tammy didn’t respond to my telephone call, so I assume her brother
•
didn’t give her my message.
Also n. response, respondent
1.
a process or invention arising from applied science and designed
for dealing with a particular task or problem
2. the activity or study of using scientific knowledge for practical
purposes
1. There have been great advances in word-processing technology
•
since the days of the manual typewriter.
2. Technology has improved the way that the company does
business, because everything is much more efficient now.
Also n. technologist; adj. technological; adv. technologically
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 223
A/ Matching Meanings
Lesson 24
Match the vocabulary words below to their meanings. Use each word once.
competitive
ensure
formal
enhance
pursue
technology
refer
challenge
literacy
achieve
1.
able to match or be better than others
________________________________
2.
to send a person to someone else for
information or help
________________________________
3.
a type of education obtained at a school
________________________________
4.
the ability to read and write
________________________________
5.
to strive for something
________________________________
6.
knowledge, equipment and methods that are
used in science and industry
________________________________
7.
to make sure something takes place
________________________________
8.
an invitation to try something hard
________________________________
9.
to make something better than it was
________________________________
10. to gain through hard work
________________________________
Score
224 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
/10
B/ Using the Right Word
Lesson 24
Replace the underlined word(s) with a vocabulary word that has a similar meaning. Put the
correct answer in the space provided. Use each word once.
globalization
respond
achieve
literacy
drastically
driven
pursue
technology
foundation
challenge
1.
World-wide economic and trade activity has had a large
impact on industry in Canada.
1.___________________
2.
Garth refused to reply to the accusations that he had let the
team down on purpose.
2.___________________
3.
All three of the children in that family were motivated to
succeed.
3.___________________
4.
The price on the house they wanted had been greatly
reduced.
4.___________________
5.
Gloria has the talent and desire to go after a career in design. 5.___________________
6.
Computers and other kinds of communications tools have
been a major force behind globalization.
6.___________________
7.
Tammy’s goal was to attain a higher mark in engineering
than her brother.
7.___________________
8.
Educators believe that phonics, or sounding words out, is the
basis of an effective reading program.
8.___________________
9.
Computer know-how is necessary in today’s economy.
9.___________________
10.
Dare yourself and there will be rewards.
10.__________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 225
C/ Relating Meanings
Lesson 24
pursue
respond
foundation
technology
competitive
achieve
enhance
drastically
driven
challenge
A synonym is a word that means the same or almost the same as another word.
Match a vocabulary word in the list above with its synonym below.
1.
chase after
________________________
2.
improve
________________________
3.
test
________________________
4.
basis
________________________
5.
machinery
________________________
An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word.
Match a vocabulary word in the list at the top of the page with its antonym below.
6.
slightly
________________________
7.
fail at
________________________
8.
ignore
________________________
9.
cooperative
________________________
10.
unmotivated
________________________
Score
226 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
/10
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
Lesson 24
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are alike, opposite or related in some
way. Complete the analogies using the vocabulary words listed below. Use each word once.
globalization
achieve
drastically
pursue
formal
enhance
driven
foundation
technology
respond
1.
study is to train as work toward is to
____________________________
2.
calmly is to frantically as moderately is to
____________________________
3.
support is to encourage as accomplish is to
____________________________
4.
minor is to important as casual is to
____________________________
5.
enquire is to ask as answer is to
____________________________
6.
animal is to biology as computer is to
____________________________
7.
focus is to attention as groundwork is to
____________________________
8.
exercise is to tone as remodel is to
____________________________
9.
separated is to isolation as connected is to
____________________________
10.
contentment is to satisfied as ambition is to
____________________________
Score
/10
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 227
E/ Comprehension
Lesson 24
Read the article below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
Globalization and new technologies have drastically changed the
workplace. The following article talks about the importance of
education and continuous learning.
Workplace Literacy
In the new economy, where jobs are driven by technology and information, lifelong learning
is key to ensuring that Canada continues to be productive, globally competitive and
economically secure. The country’s success in the knowledge-based economy depends on the
ability of its workforce to respond to new challenges and pursue lifelong learning
opportunities.
Literacy has become an important issue for business and labour. Workplace literacy refers to
the essential skills that people need at work, such as reading, writing and numeracy. It also
includes critical thinking and problem solving. Canadians with strong literacy skills have
better paying jobs and are less likely to become unemployed than those with lower literacy
levels. The opportunity to use literacy skills on the job can actually help people maintain and
enhance these skills, long after they have completed their formal education.
In the knowledge-based economy, Canada’s success depends on the ability of its workforce to
respond to new challenges. This is a national challenge that no single government can deal
with alone. To achieve this goal, we must continue to work together with other governments,
literacy partners and business and labour groups, to strengthen literacy and other essential
skills that are the foundation of lifelong learning.
228 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
Questions
1.
Lesson 24
Explain what literacy means in this article.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2.
What does Canada’s success depend on?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3.
Why is lifelong learning important for Canada?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4.
What advantages do Canadians with high literacy skills have over those with lower
literacy skills?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5.
According to the article, is Canada globally competitive?
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
Score
/10
Total Score
/50
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 229
Vocabulary Review: Unit 6
Complete the crossword puzzle using vocabulary words from the lessons in this unit.
1
2
3
4
6
8
5
7
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
ACROSS
DOWN
1. antonym for “cooperative”
2. antonym for “temporary”
3. to direct someone to another place
4. to explain something clearly and exactly
7. having a strong desire to succeed
5. by all members of a group, with no one
disagreeing
8. describes a financial document that
can be exchanged for money
9. to make sure something happens
6. happening at a set time or working in a
normal way
12. to answer; to reply
10. for the benefit of some else: on their
_______
16. expected to happen
11. responsibility and stress
19. unoccupied position
20. antonym for “exactly”
21. synonym for “hand in”
22. to make something better than it was
23. list of items that need to be talked
about at a meeting
24. to deliver something to a number of
people
230 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Unit 6
13. unsettled; not yet paid, solved or done
14. written order for money that is paid by a
bank, usually to another bank
15. pause, rest or delay during a formal meeting
or trial
17. guardian of someone else's assets
18. legal or not expired
Unit 6 Word List
These are the vocabulary words from Unit 6. The number beside each word
indicates the lesson in which it was studied.
1. achieve (24)
2. adjournment (21)
3. administrative (22)
4. agenda (21)
5. anticipate (22)
6. approval (21)
7. approximately (23)
8. basic (22)
9. behalf (23)
10. capability (22)
11. certified (23)
12. challenge (24)
13. clearance (22)
14. competitive (24)
15. credit (21)
16. custodian (23)
17. distribute (21)
18. draft (23)
19. drastically (24)
20. driven (24)
21. enhance (24)
22. ensure (24)
23. exercise (22)
24. formal (24)
25. foundation (24)
26. globalization (24)
27. inactive (23)
28. literacy (24)
29. minutes (21)
30. national (21)
31. negotiable (23)
32. order (21)
33. outstanding (23)
34. permanent (22)
35. prescribe (23)
36. pressure (22)
37. previous (21)
38. prior (23)
39. project (21)
40. purchasing (21)
41. pursue (24)
42. refer (24)
43. regular (21)
44. regulate (23)
45. relation (23)
46. represent (23)
47. respond (24)
48. result (22)
49. specify (22)
50. submit (21)
51. switchboard (22)
52. technology (24)
53. term (22)
54. transfer (22)
55. unanimously (21)
56. unclaimed (23)
57. upgrading (21)
58. vacancy (22)
59. valid (22)
60. worth (23)
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 231
Answer Key
232 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
Lesson 1 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. continuous
2. focused
6. contribute
7. performance
B/ Using the Right Word
1. career
2. quality
6. skills
7. numeracy
C/ Relating Meanings
1. d
2. d
6. c
7. b
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. career
2. continuous
6. numeracy
7. essential
E/ Comprehension
Unit 1
3. manuscript
8. essential
4. quality
9. confident
5. investing
10. fascinated
3. performance
8. oral
4. fascinated
9. focused
5. sponsored
10. confident
3. b
8. a
4. a
9. c
5. d
10. c
3. confident
8. focused
4. oral
9. sponsor
5. fascinated
10. skills
1. Essential Skills can help people carry out different tasks, provide a starting point for
learning other skills, and help them adjust to change and get better jobs.
2. After she finished upgrading, Anne helped write a historical manuscript about the building
she worked in.
3. Anne now works for a major food company.
4. As part of a continuous learning program, Anne completed her GED and obtained a
certificate from the American Society for Quality.
5. Anne was given the job because she had experience and was a quick learner.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 233
Lesson 2 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. g
2. h
6. f
7. c
B/ Using the Right Word
1. urgent
2. option
6. competition
7. quote
C/ Relating Meanings
1. facsimile
2. review
6. reply
7. obtain
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. reinvest
2. review
E/ Comprehension
Unit 1
3. i
8. b
4. a
9. e
5. j
10. d
3. recycle
8. review
4. contact
9. facsimile
5. business
10. reply
3. comment
8. urgent
4. option
9. contact
5. business
10. receive
3. refocus
4. recycle
5. reconnect
1. There are two pages being sent including the cover sheet.
2. George received a quote from Bob’s competitor.
3. If George wanted an immediate reply he would check mark the Urgent box.
4. The facsimile is being sent to Bob Davis at A Paper Company.
5. George should have check marked Please Review, Please Reply or Please Comment.
234 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
Lesson 3 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. attitude
2. organization
6. mutual
7. dramatics
B/ Using the Right Word
1. key
2. environment
6. initiative
7. diplomat
C/ Relating Meanings
1. c
2. b
6. d
7. d
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. gossip
2. organization
6. attitude
7. key
E/ Comprehension
Unit 1
Mystery Word: Initiative
3. professional
4. support
8. diplomat
9. positive
5. gossip
10. success
3. reliable
8. attitude
4. positive
9. mutual
5. encourage
10. support
3. b
8. c
4. d
9. a
5. c
10. b
3. reliable
8. dramatics
4. initiative
9. success
5. support
10. mutual
1. When you show initiative you act without begin told. You do something that needs to be
done without waiting to be told.
2. Mutual respect is key to a healthy work environment because everyone gets along better
and as a result work is completed more effectively and efficiently.
3. If you mentioned any two of the following, your answer is correct: You can be a team
player by supporting and encouraging others, being positive, respecting others, never
gossiping, being diplomatic, taking initiative, being reliable, or acting professionally.
4. When you are reliable in the workplace, people can count on you to get the job done
quickly and correctly.
5. You can be a diplomat in the workplace by being calm and tactful when speaking to the
people who share your workspace or workplace.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 235
Lesson 4 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. confirm
2. excess
3.
6. orientation
7. statutory
8.
B/ Using the Right Word
1. apply
2. available
3.
6. flexible
7. fluent
8.
C/ Relating Meanings
1. a, c
2. a, b, c
3.
6. a
7. a, b, c
8.
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. organization
2. orientation
3.
6. fare
7. asset
8.
E/ Comprehension
Unit 1
available
fare
asset
candidate
a, d
a, c
reservation
fare
4. asset
9. knowledge
5. reservation
10. fluent
4. knowledge
9. offer
5. confirm
10. orientation
4. a, b, c
9. a, b, c, d
5. a, b, c, d
10. a, b, d
4. confirmation
9. available
5. application
10. flexible
1. A counter agent must be able to lift 18 kilograms.
2. A high school education is required to be hired as a counter agent with Via Rail.
3. If you mentioned any three of the following, your answer is correct: A Via Rail counter
agent is responsible for: 1) storing excess baggage, 2) confirming reservations, 3) applying
storage tags, 4) providing train and fare information, 5) offering excellent customer service,
6) selling tickets, 7) balancing daily ticket sales.
4. The training program for new employees is five weeks.
5. English and French are the two languages required for a position as a counter agent with
Via Rail.
236 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
Vocabulary Review: Unit 1
1
2
S
P
O
6
C O N F
S
O
R
E
D
17
C
18
C O N F
M
22
O
M
23
U R G E N T
A
N
L
T
3
7
I
N
I
T
I
A
T
I
V
E
C A
R
4
E E
N
8
R M
F O C U
O
10
Q
U
U
R
16
B A L A N
L
G
I
E
D 19E N T
21
X
Y
F A
C
24
E S S E N T
S
S
R
S
E
11
S
U
C E
C
E
S
S C
I
A
E
N
V
I
5
P R O F E S
O
9
D
N
C
M
O
12
D
E
N
14
O R I E N T A T I
P
T
I
L
N
O
U
20
M
K
O
I N A T E D
U
T
Y
S
L
25
K N O W L
S
I
O
N
A
13
C
O N
N
T
R
I
B
U
T
E D G
15
A
V
A
I
L
A
B
L
E
ACROSS
DOWN
3. life’s work
1. surroundings
5. athlete who plays for money
2. supported by a backer
6. to show to be true
4. to build up someone's confidence
8. centred on a particular purpose
7. self-driven action
14. information session and/or tour
9. prolonged for a period of time
16. to make sure the financial figures
match
10. positive or negative characteristic
18. antonym for “uncertain”
12. tactful ambassador
21. enchanted, interested
13. to supply or donate
23. requiring immediate attention
15. accessible, ready
24. crucial; necessary
17. to give an opinion
25. facts, figures or data that have been
learned
19. more than what is needed
11. antonym for “failure”
20. fundamental; chief, main
22. aloud
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 237
L
Lesson 5 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. h
2. a
3. g
6. j
7. c
8. d
B/ Using the Right Word
1. maintain
2. description 3. current
6. prompt
7. disregard
8. delay
C/ Relating Meanings
1. stock
2. statement
3. appreciate
6. disregard 7. maintain
8. remittance
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. delay
2. current
3. prompt
6. enquiry
7. statement
8. maintain
Unit 2
4. i
9. e
5. b
10. f
4. federal
9. appreciate
5. notice
10. statement
4. delay
9. current
5. enquiry
10. prompt
4. remittance
9. back
ordered
5. disregard
10. appreciate
E/ Comprehension
1. The statement date is January 10, 2009.
2. The statement is being sent to the Federal Government.
3. Positive and courteous language is demonstrated by the use of the following words and
statements: “Thank you for your business”, “Please disregard…”, “Your prompt payment
is appreciated” and “Please direct all enquiries to…”.
4. The back ordered items are now in stock and will be shipped with the next regular order.
5. The last invoice the customer was sent was dated December 3, 2008.
238 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
Lesson 6 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. primary
2. institution
6. mission
7. diploma
B/ Using the Right Word
1. vital
2. society
6. motivation
7. mission
C/ Relating Meanings
1. d
2. b
6. d
7. c
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. repossess
2. reoffend
- to take back
- to break the
law again
6. primary
7. vital
E/ Comprehension
Unit 2
3. security
8. offender
4. vital
9. thrive
5. correctional
10. fulfillment
3. diploma
8. in-depth
4. institution
9. primary
5. fulfillment
10. thrive
3. c
8. a
4. d
9. d
5. b
10. c
3. institution
4. motivation
5. reintegration
8. motivation
9. offender
10. thrive
1. The correctional officer is an offender’s primary contact.
2. The correctional officer’s in-depth knowledge of an offender’s personality and behaviour is
vital to the security of the institution.
3. A high school diploma and experience dealing with the public are two job requirements
that are stated in the job description; belief in the values of the organization, flexibility,
teamwork, motivation and ability to thrive in a demanding work environment are also
important.
4. Understanding and trust between the correctional officer and offender is essential to the
successful reintegration of the offender into society.
5. A secondary school diploma is required to be a correctional officer.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 239
Lesson 7 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. volume
2. profile
3. collate
6. alternative 7. secondary
8. determine
B/ Using the Right Word
1. function
2. efficient
3. volume
6. detailed
7. collate
8. determine
C/ Relating Meanings
1. a, b, d
2. a, b, c
3. a, c, d
6. a, b
7. a, c
8. a, c
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. secondary 2. efficient
3. collate
6. inventory 7. profile
8. effective
E/ Comprehension
Unit 2
4. detailed
9. effective
5. function
10. efficient
4. photocopy
9. effective
5. inventory
10. instructions
4. a, b, c
9. a, b, c, d
5. a, b, c, d
10. a, c
4. completion
9. instructions
5. sort
10. alternative
1. The NOC number for a Photocopy Machine Operator is 9471.
2. Any of the following would be an appropriate answer: understand and carry out detailed
instructions, handle high volume periods efficiently and effectively, determine inventory
and order supplies, clean machines and sort and collate papers.
3. High volume periods are times when it is really busy and a lot of photocopying is being
done.
4. It is important to determine inventory because you do not want to run out of supplies.
5. To be a photocopy machine operator, you must have completed at least two years of
secondary school; an alternative approved by the Public Service Commission (PSC) is also
acceptable.
240 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
Lesson 8 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. attach
2. employment 3.
6. applicable
7. continue
8.
B/ Using the Right Word
1. document(s)
2. applicable
3.
6. attach
7. provide
8.
C/ Relating Meanings
1. b, c, d
2. a, b, c
3.
6. a, c, d
7. a, c
8.
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. employment
2. goal
3.
6. directions
7. document
8.
E/ Comprehension
Unit 2
goal
polite
4. document
9. deadline
5. résumé
10. directions
continue
deadline
4. directions
9. polite
5. information
10. goal
a, c
a, b, c, d
4. b, d
9. a, b, c, d
5. a, b, c, d
10. a, b, d
attach
continue
4. deadline
9. polite
5. applicable
10. provide
1. N/A means not applicable. It should be used on forms to show that you have seen the
question, but it does not apply to you.
2. Someone applying for a job may be asked to provide their Social Insurance Number (SIN).
3. If your application looks messy, you should ask for another one and rewrite your
information.
4. Another name for unpaid work is volunteer work. It can help you to get paid employment
by giving you skills, experience, references, and networking contacts.
5. You can follow up with employers by calling to confirm that they have received your
application.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 241
Vocabulary Review: Unit 2
1
2
A P
P
P
L
I
C
A
B
L
E
21
A L
P
R
11
S
O
C
16
I N
E
T
Y
T
E
F
E
D
E C
R
A
L
6
P
R
O
M
P
S T
R
N
I
A
T
3
E
M
P
L
7
G O A
Y
12
S
M
T
E
A
N
I T U T I
E
M
E
N
A T I V E
4
5
L
10
V
13
N O T
L
U
0 N
T
18
E F
E
19
P R I
ACROSS
2. to like something and be thankful for
it
5. merchandise on hand
7. aim or purpose
8. official document proving education
13. written announcement
14. to ignore something or someone
16. prison or school, for example
17. number or amount of something
18. accomplishing something using time
and energy wisely
19. describes something that happens first
or is the main or most important thing
20. showing good manners
21. different possible choice
242 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
D
E N T O R
L
8
A
D 9I P
Y
N
14
E
D I S R
T
R
17
V O L U M
C
I C I E N T
I
20
A R Y
P O L
N
S
I N
N
V
O
I C
C
E
F
M
V
Y
L
O
M A
E
G
A
T
E
E
I
15
R D
E
S
U
M
E
DOWN
1. central, as in government
2. affecting or relating to something
or someone
3. when someone is paid to work for a
person or company
4. to cause something to take longer
than planned
5. bill for goods or services provided
6. quick and on time
9. detailed information on how to do
something
10. someone who offers to do
something
11. people in general, as a large
organized group
12. formal oral or written message
15. document describing your
education and work experience
Lesson 9 – Answers
Unit 3
A/ Matching Meanings
Mystery Sentence: A good employee should be punctual.
1. degradable
2. chemist
3. experimenting 4. consumers
5. concerned
6. production
7. solution
8. issued
9. material
10. landfill
B/ Using the Right Word
1. patent
2. issued
3. polyethylene 4. chemist
5. decomposes
6. plant
7. consumers
8. roughly
9. experimenting
10. solution
C/ Relating Meanings
1. a, b, c, d
2. a
3. a, c, d
4. b, c
5. a, b, c, d
6. b, c
7. a, b, c
8. a, b, c, d
9. a
10. b, d
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. polytechnical 2. polyglot
3. polygraph
4. polygon
5. polyethylene
E/ Comprehension
1. Harry Wasylyk is credited with inventing plastic garbage bags.
2. The first bags were produced in Harry Wasylyk’s kitchen.
3. Union Carbide bought Wasylyk’s business and began producing garbage bags on a large
scale.
4. Larry Hanson and Frank Plomp were also working on the invention around the same time.
5. Dr. Guillet developed a kind of plastic that decomposes in direct sunlight.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 243
Lesson 10 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. i
2. f
3.
6. a
7. b
8.
B/ Using the Right Word
1. receptionist 2. request
3.
6. schedule
7. financial
8.
C/ Relating Meanings
1. b, c
2. a, b, d
3.
6. a, b, c
7. a, b, c, d
8.
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. receptionist 2. dozen
3.
6. request
7. chairperson 8.
E/ Comprehension
Unit 3
e
d
4. c
9. j
5. h
10. g
extremely
files
4. courteous
9. management
5. manner
10. commended
a, b, c
b, c
4. a, d
9. a, b, c, d
5. c
10. a, b, c
commend
pioneer
4. management
9. file
5. rare
10. financial
1. The first sentence, “I wish to commend your receptionist,” tells you the purpose of the
letter.
2. Mr. Day’s development company is located at 516 West Crescent, Winnipeg, Manitoba.
3. Nancy Carver is an asset to ABC Accounting because she handled matters in a
professional and courteous manner.
4. I would say this is both a “good news” and a “bad news” letter. It is good news because
someone is doing her job really well and bad news because someone else is possibly doing
a poor job.
5. Mr. Day ends the letter on a positive note by saying that he will continue to do business
with ABC Accounting Limited in the future.
244 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
Lesson 11 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. a
2. c
3.
6. a
7. b
8.
B/ Using the Right Word
1. strengths
2. adventure
3.
6. situation
7. pride
8.
C/ Relating Meanings
1. a, b, c, d
2. a, d
3.
6. a, d
7. b, c, d
8.
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1
2
a. values
b. beliefs
c. opinions
a. opinion
b. attitude
Unit 3
b
d
4. c
9. b
5. a
10. a
avoid
belief
4. identify
9. opportunity
5. opinion
10. value
c, d
a, b, c
4. a, b, d
9. b, c
5. a, b, c, d
10. a, b, c, d
3
4
a. weakness
b. limitation
a. satisfaction
b. selfimportance
c. self-respect
E/ Comprehension
1. It is important to be on time when meeting a networking contact because that person has
set aside time to talk to you and help you.
2. Attitude is just as important as skills and knowledge when it comes to finding and keeping
a job.
3. If you want to have a positive attitude you should avoid using “quick fixes” as solutions to
problems.
4. You know that you have learned from your mistakes when you are faced with a similar
situation and you approach it differently than you did originally.
5. It is important to know your strengths so that you can be confident and able to explain
your strengths to a possible employer.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 245
Lesson 12 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. implying
2. reporting
6. accreditation
7. communication
B/ Using the Right Word
1. period
2. extended
6. reported
7. communication
C/ Relating Meanings
1. a, b, c, d
2. a, b, c, d
6. a, b, c, d
7. a, b, c
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. board
2. responsibility
6. responsibility 7. board
E/ Comprehension
Unit 3
3. minimum
8. client
4. hospitality
9. guarantee
5. attendant
10. responsibility
3. responsibility
8. board
4. according to
9. hospitality
3. b, c
8. a, b, c
4. c, d
9. a, c, d
5. a, b, c, d
10. a, b, c, d
3. board
8. period
4. period
9. period
5. board
10. board
5. guaranteed
10. tourism
1. There are no guaranteed hours. You indicate when you are available (on the spare board)
and are called in when needed. You must be willing to work various hours: days, nights,
evenings, weekends and statutory holidays.
2. You must have a high school diploma. Accreditation from a tourism and hospitality
program is an asset.
3. People who use VIA trains are referred to as clients and passengers.
4. If you mentioned any four of the following, your answer is correct: offering great
customer service, helping passengers board the train and carry their luggage, serving
drinks and meals, preparing rooms in the sleeper car and performing cleaning duties.
5. Service attendants on VIA trains need to be fluently bilingual in English and French.
246 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
Vocabulary Review: Unit 3
1
R O
I S S U E
P
5
6
U M
A
C O N
V
R
U C T I O N
T
I
I
13
14
D
A D V E N T
O
G
Z
M E N D
17
N
C O M M U
U
G
H
L
Y
S
U
M
E
R
2
3
M
4
I N
M
8
P R
L
Y
I
9
M
O D
P
I
N
I
16
C O M
N
18
F
I
L
11
G
U R
A
R
A
N I
T
E
E
7
12
V A
L
U
15
S O
L
U
A
T
I
O
C O
U
R
E
C
19
R
E
C
E S
P
T I
I
O
N
I
S
T E
ACROSS
DOWN
1. approximately
1. giving information about
something that has happened
2. to give something out officially
3. antonym of “maximum”
6. person who buys or uses a product or
service
8. process of making something
12. principles and beliefs a person thinks
are important
10
O
O
4. to suggest something without
actually saying it
5. to stay away from something or
someone
7. employee who greets visitors and
answers the telephone
14. exciting experience or journey
9. someone's personal view of
something or someone
15. answer to a problem
10. synonym for “recognize”
16. to praise or congratulate
17. exchange of information
11. promise that the quality of
something is very good
18. papers in a folder
13. twelve items
19. synonym for “polite”
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 247
I
D
E
N
T
I
F
Y
U
S
Lesson 13 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. prescription 2. receipt
3.
6. narcotic
7. sterile
8.
B/ Using the Right Word
1. pandemic
2. sterile
3.
6. sanitary
7. method
8.
C/ Relating Meanings
1. a, b, c
2. a
3.
6. a, b, c, d
7. discount
8.
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. economical 2. economically 3.
E/ Comprehension
Unit 4
Mystery Word: Penicillin
sanitary
4. syringe
surgical
9. pandemic
5. discount
10. economy
prescription
economy
4. penicillin
9. disposable
5. quantities
10. receipt
a
narcotic
4. a, b, c, d
9. prescription
5. d
10. disposable
economy
4. economics
5. economize
1. The customer on the sales receipt is Gordon Flowers Medical Store at 690 Compton Road,
Etobicoke, Ontario, J5P 4N9
2. The name of the company providing the supplies is Central Medical Supply Limited.
3. The date of the sales receipt is March 29, 2009
4. One unit of surgical tape costs $10.00
5. The subtotal is $5399.80.
248 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
Lesson 14 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. magnet
2. contemporary 3.
6. satisfy
7. affect
8.
B/ Using the Right Word
1. constituency 2. Parliament
3.
6. array
7. implemented 8.
C/ Relating Meanings
1. a, c, d
2. a, b, c, d
3.
6. c, d
7. a, b, c, d
8.
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. implement
2. parliament
3.
6. contribution 7. champion
8.
E/ Comprehension
Unit 4
champion
constituency
4. debate
5. bridge
9. contribution 10. policy
contemporary 4. debate
contribution
9. region
5. championed
10. magnet
a, c, d
a, b, d
4. a, d
9. a, b, c
5. a, b, c, d
10. a, b, c
satisfy
array
4. region
9. bridge
5. cause
10. contemporary
1. In the House of Commons Chamber MPs debate current issues that can affect all
Canadians.
2. MPs have offices on Parliament Hill and in their constituencies.
3. The main roles of an MP are to debate contemporary issues, meet with people to discuss
issues, champion causes, develop and implement national policies and help people.
4. To “champion causes” means to help with or support things that you believe are important.
5. The MPs themselves determine whether they are satisfied with their contributions and
have made a difference. In addition, by re-electing them or voting them out of office the
people in their constituencies tell them whether they have done a good job.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 249
Lesson 15 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. h
2. d
3. e
6. a
7. f
8. i
B/ Using the Right Word
1. justify
2. persuade
3. modify
6. integrate
7. schematic
8. facilitate
C/ Relating Meanings
1. a, b, d
2. a, b
3. a, b, c, d
6. a
7. a, b, c
8. a, b, c, d
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. scan
2. calculation 3. integrate
6. analysis
7. modify
8. attachment
E/ Comprehension
Unit 4
4. b
9. j
5. g
10. c
4. estimate
9. calculation
5. analysis
10. assembly
4. a, c, d
9. a, b, c, d
5. a, b, c, d
10. a, c, d
4. critique
9. persuade
5. justify
10. facilitate
1. You may read to gather information, grasp overall meaning, understand, learn, critique or
evaluate.
2. Numeracy is the Essential Skill that includes measuring and estimating.
3. The Essential Skills being used to complete this lesson are reading (to understand),
thinking (problem solving, use of memory, finding information) and document use (to fill
in the answers on the form). Note: If you are doing this exercise on a computer, you can
add computer use.
4. Using multiple sources means looking in more than one place for information. You could
check books, the Internet, newspapers, magazines, videos, etc.
5. Thinking is the Essential Skill that includes decision making and organizing.
250 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
Lesson 16 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. bookkeeping 2. manual
3.
6. journal
7. requirements 8.
B/ Using the Right Word
1. bookkeeping 2. transactions 3.
6. general
7. ledger
8.
C/ Relating Meanings
1. a, b, c
2. a, d
3.
6. a, b, c
7. a, b, c, d
8.
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. reconcile
2. general
3.
6. sector
7. utility
8.
E/ Comprehension
Unit 4
ledger
utility
4. payroll
9. sector
5. entries
10. transaction
accounts
reconcile
4. journal
9. manual
5. payroll
10. statistical
a, b, c
a, b, c
4. a, c, d
9. a, b, d
5. b, c, d
10. a, c, d
bookkeeping
transaction
4. manual
9. journal
5. statistical
10. post
1. If you mentioned any three of the following, your answer is correct: post journal entries
and reconcile accounts; maintain general ledgers and prepare financial statements;
calculate and prepare cheques for payrolls and for utility, tax and other bills; complete and
submit tax forms, workers' compensation forms, pension contribution forms and other
government documents; prepare tax returns; prepare other statistical, financial and
accounting reports.
2. Bookkeepers are employed throughout the private and public sectors, or they may be selfemployed.
3. The two types of bookkeeping systems referred to are manual and computerized
bookkeeping.
4. The government forms might include tax forms, workers' compensation forms and pension
contribution forms.
5. A bookkeeper might receive bills for utilities such as water, electricity and natural gas.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 251
Vocabulary Review: Unit 4
1
4
A N
A
L
Y
S
7
8
10
R
13
M E T
C
O
N
C
I
L
E
S
C
H
P
A
N
D
9
O
E
M
A
T
I
C
F
F
15
E
M
I
C
17
5
I
N
T
E
G
R
M A
T
E
A R
R
S
U
B
T
O
T
A
S
C
T
14
N
A
J
U
S
T
16
I
F
Y
A
L
M
P
T
A
T
11
L
2
S
K
I
M
T
S A
C
N
12
S
Y
N
T
H
E
S
I
Z
E
I
I
E
N
18
A
6
I
A
N
M
C
T
P A
Y
C
O
N
T
E
M
P
O
R
A
R
Y
A
O
ACROSS
DOWN
1. kind of information presented using
numbers
1. amount before the final total
4. detailed study or examination of
something
12. extremely clean
6. synonym for “modern”
13. way of doing something
7. deadly disease or illness that
spreads around the world
17. group of things displayed in an
attractive way
18. list of employees and how much each
earns
L
3. record books for bookkeepers
5. to become part of a group
16. to put into practice
L
E
D
G
E
R
S
2. to read something very quickly to
determine the subject
9. to have an influence on
15. done by hand
3
8. drawn to show how something
looks and works
10. to make agree
11. to combine ideas or information
into a new whole
12. to read through something quickly
to find a piece of information
14. to give a good reason for
something
252 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
Y
L
Lesson 17 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. attention
2. depart
3.
6. in advance
7. prepare
8.
B/ Using the Right Word
1. department 2. retrieve
3.
6. regarding
7. depart
8.
C/ Relating Meanings
1. lawyer
2. escape
3.
6. difficult
7. reply
8.
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. procedure
2. cooperation 3.
6. depart
7. attention
8.
E/ Comprehension
Unit 5
frequently
accommodate
4. retrieve
9. memorandum
5. cooperation
10. regarding
attention
prepare
4. clerk
9. cooperation
5. advance
10. appropriate
offer
announce
4. giving orders
9. gas attendant
5. facts
10. contrary to
accommodate 4. memorandum
frequently
9. advance
5. clerk
10. retrieve
1. The administrative staff is made up of bookkeepers, secretaries and file clerks.
2. The shortened form of the word is “memorandum” Is “memo”.
3. The memorandum is regarding attendance.
4. Jennifer Waldo is focusing on the clerical department because it has been reported to her
that attendance is becoming an issue.
5. A staff member who needs to leave early must let the team leader know a few days before.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 253
Lesson 18 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. briefly
2. c.c.
6. addressee
7. humorous
B/ Using the Right Word
1. head
2. practice
6. forwarded
7. c.c.
C/ Relating Meanings
1. b, c
2. b
6. b, c, d
7. a, b
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. addressee
2. courier
6. briefly
7. develop
E/ Comprehension
Unit 5
3. head
8. discreet
4. inbox
9. develop
5. prioritize
10. practice
3. inbox
8. developed
4. humorous
9. conducted
5. prioritize
10. tone
3. b, c, d
8. a, c, d
4. a, b, c, d
9. b, c, d
5. a, b
10. a, b, d
3. practice
8. forward
4. inbox
9. humorous
5. discreet
10. head
1. Don Director is receiving a copy of this email. (His name is in the “Cc” line.)
2. If you mentioned any two of the following, your answer is correct: Make good use of the
subject line, target your message, click on “Reply” instead of “Reply to all”, watch your
tone, be discreet, use a full signature block when sending an email to someone outside the
company.
3. It is important to include your contact information when sending an email so that
recipients won't have to look it up if they want to send you something by fax or courier or
call you on the phone.
4. To help recipients prioritize, you can briefly state the subject of the email; if the matter is
urgent or you need them to take action, you can tell them that as well.
5. You should be careful what you say in emails because you never know who could end up
reading them.
254 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
Lesson 19 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. proficient
2. rigorous
3.
6. coveted
7. dedicated
8.
B/ Using the Right Word
1. astronaut
2. multiple
3.
6. proficient
7. coveted
8.
C/ Relating Meanings
1. a, b, c
2. a, b, c, d
3.
6. a, c, d
7. a, b, d
8.
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. aviation
2. degree
3.
6. rigorous
7. multiple
8.
E/ Comprehension
Unit 5
official
discipline
4. fierce
9. expand
5. demonstrate
10. multiple
aviation
dedicated
4. fierce
5. rigorous
9. demonstrate 10. select
b
a, b, c
4. a, b, d
9. a, b, c, d
5. a, b, c, d
10. a, c, d
preferably
select
4. coveted
9. official
5. expand
10. proficient
1. Degrees in medicine, science and/or engineering are required to become an astronaut.
2. Optional skills include skydiving, scuba diving and piloting aircraft.
3. Astronauts must maintain their physical fitness.
4. The competition is fierce because there are few positions available and many people are
interested in space travel.
5. Astronauts must undergo continuous and rigorous training.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 255
Lesson 20 – Answers
Unit 5
A/ Matching Meanings
1. j
2. e
3. c
6. i
7. f
8. d
B/ Using the Right Word
1. teller
2. valuables
3. supervise
6. patrol
7. vandalism
8. coordinated
C/ Relating Meanings
1. a
2. a, b, c
3. c, d
6. a, c, d
7. a, b
8. d
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
4. h
9. a
5. g
10. b
4. establishments
9. automated
5. enforce
10. access
4. a, b, c
9. a, d
5. a, b, c
10. c
1. supervise,
manage, S
3. vandalism,
restoration, A
4. access,
admittance, S
5. automated,
computerized, S
3. automobile
4. automatic
5. autobiography
2. industrial,
residential, A
1. automated
2. autograph
E/ Comprehension
1. The main duties of security guards are guarding property against theft and vandalism,
controlling access to establishments, maintaining order and enforcing regulations at public
events and within establishments.
2. Guards are employed by private security agencies, retail stores, industries, museums and
other establishments.
3. They control access to establishments so that people can be checked as they enter or exit.
They can restrict people from an area if they don’t have a pass. They can tell visitors
where they can or cannot go.
4. They guard against theft, shoplifting, fire and vandalism. They could maintain order and
do security checks at airports.
5. Security guards would supervise and coordinate the activities of other security guards.
256 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
Vocabulary Review: Unit 5
1
M
U P A
L
5
6
V
P R A C T I C
7
A
A
I
9
C
L
P R O
C
U
L
11
O
A
A G E N 12C
M
B
C
L
14
M
L
S
C
E
15
16
P R O C E D U R E S
R
A
D
S
P
S
K
T
A
E
S
R
T
R
O
E
V
18
L
I
F R E
S
E
2
O C
C
T
I
O
3
N
C
C O V
O
R
10
D E
I
N
A
T
V E
4
E
D
U
C
E
Y
13
A
S
E T R I
R
O
17
I N B O
A
Q U E N
T
E
E
T
L
D
8
G
R
X
T
E
D
E E
M
O
N
S
T
R
A
T
E
Y
ACROSS
DOWN
2. a person's job
1. more than one
4. desired by many
3. synonym for “organize”
6. way of doing things
5. items that are worth a lot of money
9. to make or manufacture
7. find ways to help
10. qualification of a university graduate
8. synonym for “show”
11. a business that offers a service to a
person or another business
11. to give someone permission to
what they need
15. series of actions done in a certain order
or manner
12. an employee who keeps records
16. to get something back
14. to direct and oversee
17. place where emails are received
15. to guard an area
13. someone who travels in space
18. often
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 257
Lesson 21 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. agenda
2. national
3. distribute
6. submit
7. unanimously 8. project
B/ Using the Right Word
1. distribute
2. unanimously 3. adjournment
6. credit
7. minutes
8. national
C/ Relating Meanings
1. adjournment
2. upgrading
3. project
6. previous
7. order
8. distribute
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. credit
2. national
3. submit
6. previous
7. upgrading
8. regular
E/ Comprehension
Unit 6
4. previous
9. minutes
5. regular
10. approval
4. upgrading
9. purchasing
5. agenda
10. previous
4. agenda
9. regular
5. approval
10. submit
4. adjournment
9. distribute
5. order
10. agenda
1. The next meeting will be held at 10:15 a.m. on January 15, in Halifax.
2. Jennifer Waldo prepared the minutes.
3. The meeting was called to order at 10:15 a.m. on December 15, in Halifax.
4. Review of purchasing policies is under the heading New Business.
5. The agenda items for the next meeting are Skills Upgrading Project and Orientation of
New Employees.
258 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
Lesson 22 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. g
2. f
3.
6. b
7. h
8.
B/ Using the Right Word
1. basic
2. terms
3.
6. pressure
7. permanent
8.
C/ Relating Meanings
1. terms
2. clearance
3.
6. basic
7. valid
8.
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. administrative
2. clearance 3.
6. permanent
7. vacancy
8.
E/ Comprehension
Unit 6
d
e
4. c
9. j
5. a
10. i
transferring
clearance
4. anticipated
9. exercise
5. specify
10. switchboard
specify
capabilities
4. result
9. permanent
5. pressure
10. vacant
pressure
valid
4. terms
9. result
5. transferring
10. switchboard
1. For this position the computer applications you need to know are Windows, electronic
mail, electronic scheduler, WordPerfect, MS Word, MS Excel and Internet browser.
2. In this position, you need to be able to type 0-40 words per minute.
3. The employer is looking for one to two years of experience for this position.
4. Failure to apply for the position in the manner specified could result in your application
not being properly considered for the position.
5. If you mentioned any two of the following, your answer is correct: maintain inventory of
office supplies, order supplies and equipment, provide information to staff and the general
public, file documents.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 259
Lesson 23 – Answers
Unit 6
A/ Matching Meanings
1. relation
2. inactive
3. draft
4. worth
5. regulate
6. outstanding 7. approximately 8. prior
9. prescribed
10. represent
B/ Using the Right Word
1. certified
2. worth
3. approximately
4. prior
5. unclaimed
6. outstanding 7. negotiable 8. represent
9. in relation to 10. custodian
C/ Relating Meanings
1. represent
2. negotiable
3. draft
4. regulated
5. custodian
6. prior
7. unclaimed
8. outstanding 9. approximately
10. inactive
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. custodian
2. inactive
3. approximately
4. worth
5. outstanding
6. regulate
7. relation
8. prior
9. draft
10. prescribed
E/ Comprehension
1. Balances under $500 made up 88% of the number of balances.
2. The amendments changed the policy so that the Bank of Canada now holds unclaimed
balances for 30 years, once the accounts have been inactive for 10 years. Therefore,
balances will now be held for a total of 40 years prior to being considered abandoned once
and for all. Only balances of less than $1,000 will be lost forever after the 40-year period.
3. When an account with less than $1,000 has been inactive for 40 years the balance is
considered abandoned once and for all. (Balances of $1,000 or more are kept for longer.)
4. Approximately 845,000 unclaimed balances were being held by the Bank of Canada in
2006.
5. If you mentioned any three of the following, your answer is correct: deposit account, bank
draft, certi-fied cheque, deposit receipt, money order, GIC, term deposit, credit card
balance or traveller’s cheque.
260 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
Lesson 24 – Answers
A/ Matching Meanings
1. competitive
2. refer
3. formal
6. technology
7. ensure
8. challenge
B/ Using the Right Word
1. globalization 2. respond
3. driven
6. technology
7. achieve
8. foundation
C/ Relating Meanings
1. pursue
2. enhance
3. challenge
6. drastically
7. achieve
8. respond
D/ Analyzing and Comparing Words
1. pursue
2. drastically
3. achieve
6. technology
7. foundation
8. enhance
E/ Comprehension
Unit 6
4. literacy
9. enhance
5. pursue
10. achieve
4. drastically
9. literacy
5. pursue
10. challenge
4. foundation
9. competitive
5. technology
10. driven
4. formal
9. globalization
5. respond
10. driven
1. In this article, literacy refers to the essential skills that people need at work, such as
reading, writing and numeracy. It also includes critical thinking and problem solving.
2. Canada's success depends on the ability of its workforce to respond to new challenges.
3. Lifelong learning is key to ensuring that Canada continues to be productive, globally
competitive and economically secure.
4. Canadians with strong literacy skills have better paying jobs and are less likely to become
unemployed.
5. Canada is globally competitive, but literacy levels need to improve if we want to maintain
that status.
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 261
Vocabulary Review: Unit 6
1
C O M
2
P E
T
I
T
F
E
R
I
V
E
E
3
8
10
12
N E
G O
T
I
B
R E
S
P
H
13
O N
U
14
D
R
16
R E
M
R
A B
9
E N
L
G
E
U
T
I
T
L
S
F
U
F
T
T
S
V A C
A N
C
Y
D
21
C I
A
S U
B
M
I
23
A G
N
D
S
A
T
E
R
V
O
20
A P
P
L
I
I
A
D
U
R
D R
I
V
E
E
N
I
R
I
F
E
M
Y
S
O
J
S
U
O
U
S
U
R
L
A
D
R
O
X
I
M
A
T
E N
H
A N
C
E
I
B
T
E
E
L
M
22
N
24
D I
S
T
R
U
ACROSS
DOWN
1. antonym for “cooperative”
2. antonym for “temporary”
3. to direct someone to another place
4. to explain something clearly and exactly
7. having a strong desire to succeed
5. by all members of a group, with no one
disagreeing
8. describes a financial document that can
be exchanged for money
9. to make sure something happens
6. happening at a set time or working in a
normal way
12. to answer; to reply
10. for the benefit of some else: on their
_______
16. expected to happen
11. responsibility and stress
19. unoccupied position
20. antonym for “exactly”
21. synonym for “hand in”
13. unsettled; not yet paid, solved or done
14. written order for money that is paid by a
bank, usually to another bank
22. to make something better than it was
15. pause, rest or delay during a formal
meeting or trial
23. list of items that need to be talked about
at a meeting
18. legal or not expired
24. to deliver something to a number of
people
262 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
N
A
11
N
N
U
P
15
T
T
E
A
7
C
18
D
N
P
5
S
P
L
17
A
19
E
N
N
A N
4
6
17. guardian of someone else's assets
Y
Word List
(The numbers in parentheses refer to the lessons where the words are defined.)
ability (11)
access (20)
accommodate (17)
according (12)
account (16)
accreditation (12)
achieve (24)
addressee (18)
adjournment (21)
administrative (22)
advance (17)
adventure (11)
affect (14)
agency (20)
agenda (21)
alternative (7)
analysis (15)
anticipate (22)
applicable (8)
apply (4)
appreciate (5)
appropriate (17)
approval (21)
approximately (23)
armoured (20)
array (14)
assembly (15)
asset (4)
assigned (20)
astronaut (19)
attach (8)
attachment (15)
attendant (12)
attention (17)
attitude (3)
automated (20)
available (4)
aviation (19)
avoid (11)
back ordered (5)
balance (4)
basic (22)
behalf (23)
belief (11)
board (12)
bookkeeping (16)
bridge (14)
briefly (18)
business (2)
calculation (15)
candidate (4)
capability (22)
career (1)
cause (14)
c.c. (18)
certified (23)
chairperson (10)
challenge (24)
champion (14)
chemist (9)
clearance (22)
clerk (17)
client (12)
collate (7)
commend (10)
comment (2)
communication (12)
competition (2)
competitive (24)
completion (7)
concern (9)
conduct (18)
confident (1)
confirm (4)
constituency (14)
consumer (9)
contact (2)
contemporary (14)
continue (8)
continuous (1)
contribute (1)
contribution (14)
cooperation (17)
coordinate (20)
correctional (6)
courier (18)
courteous (10)
coveted (19)
credit (21)
critique (15)
current (5)
custodian (23)
deadline (8)
debate (14)
decide (11)
decompose (9)
dedicated (19)
degradable (9)
degree (19)
delay (5)
demonstrate (19)
depart (17)
department (17)
description (5)
detail (7)
determine (7)
develop (18)
diploma (6)
diplomat (3)
directions (8)
discipline (19)
discount (13)
discreet (18)
disposable (13)
disregard (5)
distribute (21)
document (8)
dozen (10)
draft (23)
dramatics (3)
drastically (24)
driven (24)
economy (13)
effective (7)
efficient (7)
employment (8)
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 263
encourage (3)
enforce (20)
enhance (24)
enquiry (5)
ensure (24)
entry (16)
environment (3)
essential (1)
establishment (20)
estimate (15)
excess (4)
exercise (22)
expanding (19)
experiment (9)
extended (12)
extremely (10)
facilitate (15)
facsimile (2)
fare (4)
fascinated (1)
federal (5)
fierce (19)
file (10)
financial (10)
flexible (4)
fluent (4)
focus (1)
form (2)
formal (24)
forward (18)
foundation (24)
frequently (17)
fulfillment (6)
function (7)
general (16)
globalization (24)
goal (8)
gossip (3)
guarantee (12)
head (18)
hospitality (12)
humorous (18)
identify (11)
implement (14)
imply (12)
impression (11)
inactive (23)
inbox (18)
in-depth (6)
industrial (20)
information (8)
initiative (3)
institution (6)
instructions (7)
integrate (15)
inventory (7)
invest (1)
invoice (5)
issue (9)
journal (16)
justify (15)
key (3)
knowledge (4)
landfill (9)
ledger (16)
limitation (11)
literacy (24)
magnet (14)
maintain (5)
management (10)
manner (10)
manual (16)
manuscript (1)
material (9)
memorandum (17)
method (13)
minimum (12)
minutes (21)
mission (6)
modify (15)
motivation (6)
multiple (19)
mutual (3)
narcotic (13)
national (21)
negotiable (23)
notice (5)
numeracy (1)
obtain (2)
occupation (20)
offender (6)
offer (4)
264 | Vocabulary Building Workbook: Answer Key
official (19)
opinion (11)
opportunity (11)
option (2)
oral (1)
order (21)
organization (3)
orientation (4)
outstanding (23)
pandemic (13)
parliament (14)
patent (9)
patrol (20)
payroll (16)
penicillin (13)
performance (1)
period (12)
permanent (22)
persuade (15)
photocopy (7)
pioneer (10)
plant (9)
policy (14)
polite (8)
polyethylene (9)
positive (3)
possess (6)
post (18)
practice (18)
preferably (19)
prepare (17)
prescribe (23)
prescription (13)
pressure (22)
previous (21)
pride (11)
primary (6)
prior (23)
prioritize (18)
procedure (17)
production (9)
professional (3)
proficient (19)
profile (7)
project (21)
prompt (5)
provide (8)
purchasing (21)
pursue (24)
quality (1)
quantity (13)
quote (2)
rare (10)
receipt (13)
receive (2)
receptionist (10)
reconcile (16)
recycle (2)
refer (24)
regarding (17)
region (14)
regular (21)
regulate (23)
reintegration (6)
relation (23)
reliable (3)
remittance (5)
reply (2)
reporting (12)
represent (23)
request (10)
requirement (16)
reservation (4)
respond (24)
responsibility (12)
result (22)
résumé (8)
retrieve (17)
review (2)
rigorous (19)
roughly (9)
sanitary (13)
satisfy (14)
scan (15)
schedule (10)
schematic (15)
secondary (7)
secretary (17)
sector (16)
security (6)
select (19)
situation (11)
skill (1)
skim (15)
society (6)
solution (9)
sort (7)
specify (22)
sponsor (1)
statement (5)
statistical (16)
statutory (4)
sterile (13)
stock (5)
strength (11)
submit (21)
subtotal (13)
success (3)
suit (8)
supervise (20)
support (3)
surgical (13)
switchboard (22)
synthesize (15)
syringe (13)
technology (24)
teller (20)
term (22)
thrive (6)
title (18)
tone (18)
tourism (12)
trace (10)
transaction (16)
transfer (22)
transmittal (2)
unanimously (21)
unclaimed (23)
unpaid (8)
upgrading (21)
urgent (2)
utility (16)
vacancy (22)
valid (22)
valuables (20)
value (11)
vandalism (20)
vital (6)
volume (7)
volunteer (8)
weakness (11)
worth (23)
Office of Literacy and Essential Skills | 265
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising