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Cadillac 2002 DeVille Owner`s manual
2002 Cadillac DeVille
Owner’s Manual
Litho in U.S.A.
Part Number 25729638 A First Edition
ECopyright General Motors Corporation 06/08/01
All Rights Reserved
i
We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the GM Emblem,
CADILLAC, the CADILLAC Crest & Wreath and
the name DEVILLE are registered trademarks of
General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes after
that time without further notice. For vehicles first sold in
Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of Canada
Limited” for Cadillac Motor Car Division whenever it
appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will
be there if you ever need it when you’re on the road.
If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it
so the new owner can use it.
ii
For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriétaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en français chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you
do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce
the hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t,
you or others could be hurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
iii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
Your vehicle may be equipped with components and
labels that use symbols instead of text. Symbols,
used on your vehicle, are shown along with the text
describing the operation or information relating to a
specific component, control, message, gage or indicator.
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could damage
your vehicle.
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage or indicator reference the following
topics in the Index:
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would
not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid
the damage.
D
D
D
D
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different
colors or in different words.
Also see “Warning Lights and Gages” in the Index.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle.
They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
iv
“Engine Compartment Overview”
“Instrument Panel”
“Comfort Controls”
“Audio Systems”
These are some examples of vehicle symbols you may find on your vehicle:
v
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.
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1-9
1-14
1-15
1-15
1-22
1-23
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Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
Here Are Questions Many People Ask About
Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Air Bag Systems
Safety Belt Pretensioners
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1-36
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1-45
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1-62
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1-62
Center Front Passenger Position
Rear Seat Passengers
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults
Children
Restraint Systems for Children
Older Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
1-
1-1
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the power seats -- how to
adjust them, and also about the reclining front seatbacks,
memory seats, lumbar adjustments and heated seats.
Power Seats
The power seat controls
are located on the
outboard sides of the
front seat cushions.
Four-Way Power Lumbar Control
(If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this
feature, the driver’s and
passenger’s seatback
lumbar support controls are
located on the outboard
sides of the seats.
Use the power seat controls first to get the proper
position, then continue with the lumbar adjustment.
D Move the front of the seat control up or down to
adjust the front portion of the cushion.
D Move the rear of the seat control up or down to
adjust the rear portion of the cushion.
D Lift up or push down on the center of the seat control
to move the entire seat up or down.
D To move the seat forward or rearward, slide the seat
control forward or rearward.
1-2
To reshape the lower seatback, press the lumbar control
forward to increase support and rearward to decrease
support. Press the control up or down to raise or lower
the support mechanism.
Keep in mind that as your seating position changes, as it
may during long trips, so should the position of your
lumbar support. Adjust the seat as needed.
Massaging Lumbar (If Equipped)
This control is located
on the outboard sides of
the front seats. With the
ignition on, briefly press
the top of the control where
it is marked AUTO to
activate the massaging
lumbar feature.
The massage cycle will run continuously for up to
10 minutes and can be interrupted by briefly pressing
the bottom of the control. The lumbar support can be
adjusted during the massage cycle by moving the control
forward to increase support and rearward to decrease
support. The massage cycle will continue to run even if
the ignition is turned to OFF, unless interrupted.
Four-Way Rear Power Lumbar
(If Equipped)
Four-way lumbar support, without the massage feature,
is also available for the outboard rear seating positions.
If your vehicle has this
feature, the rear lumbar
support controls are located
on the rear door trim panels.
To activate the rear lumbar support feature, push
forward on the control to increase support or rearward to
decrease support. The lumbar control can also be moved
up and down to adjust the location of the support.
1-3
Adaptive Seat Control (Option)
The adaptive seat control is
located on the outboard side
of each front seat. It is
marked AUTO.
You may still wish to further adjust the overall firmness
or softness of the seat cushion. To get to your desired
level of comfort, hold the control up to increase the
firmness, or down for less firmness. When you let go of
the control, the seat will then automatically readjust to
your desired level of comfort.
To reshape the lower seatback, press the lumbar control
forward to increase support and rearward to decrease
support. The lumbar will then automatically adjust to
your body’s positioning for the duration of the trip in
two to four-minute cycles.
With the ignition in ON, first use the power seat control
to get the proper position. Then press the top of the
control where it is marked AUTO. The system will
inflate the cushion and take a reading, then
automatically deflate the cushion to a suggested level of
comfort, by distributing the pressure evenly. The
seatback and cushion will inflate to adjust to the driver’s
body positioning in two to four-minute cycles.
1-4
If you exit the vehicle after the system has been
activated and the seat is left unoccupied for more than
two minutes, the system will deflate. You will then
need to readjust the lumbar support upon returning to
your vehicle.
To turn off the adaptive seat feature, briefly press the
bottom of the control. The seat will deflate when the
adaptive seat control or the ignition is turned off.
If your vehicle has this option, the massaging lumbar
feature is not available for your vehicle.
Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel
(If Equipped)
The controls for these
features are located on the
driver’s door panel, and are
used to program and recall
memory settings for the
driver’s seating positions.
Use the following steps to program each button:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat (including the seatback
recliner, lumbar, head restraint and shoulder belt
height adjustments), both outside mirrors and the
steering wheel to a comfortable position.
2. Press the SET button.
3. Within five seconds, press button 1. A single beep
will sound through the driver’s side front speaker to
let you know that the position has been stored.
A second mirror, seating and steering wheel position can
be programmed by repeating the above steps and
pressing button 2 (for driver 2). Each time a memory
button is pressed, a single beep will sound. Each time
button 1 or 2 is pressed and released while the vehicle
is in PARK (P), the memory positions will be recalled.
If the vehicle is not in PARK (P), the memory buttons
must be pressed and held to recall the stored positions.
If you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to enter
your vehicle, automatic seat and mirror movement will
occur. The numbers on the back of the transmitters,
1 and 2, correspond to the numbers on the buttons on
the door panel.
When the key is placed in the ignition in OFF if you
have entered the vehicle without using the remote
keyless entry transmitter, the seats and mirrors will
automatically adjust to the programmed position of
the last driver.
To stop recall movement of the memory feature at
any time, press one of the power seat controls or
memory buttons.
1-5
Two personalized exit positions can be set by first
recalling the driving position (by pressing 1 or 2), then
positioning the steering wheel and seat in the desired
exit positions and then pressing and releasing the
MEMORY SET button and, within five seconds,
pressing the EXIT button. With the vehicle in
PARK (P), the exit position for the last driver can be
recalled by pressing the EXIT button. The mirrors,
power lumbar and shoulder belt height positions will
not be stored or recalled for the exit positions.
Heated Seats (If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have heated front and rear seats.
Further programming for automatic seat and mirror
movement can be done using the Driver Information
Center (DIC). You can select or not select the following:
D Automatic seat and mirror movement when the
vehicle is unlocked with the remote keyless entry
transmitter, or
D automatic seat and mirror movement when a key is
placed in the ignition.
For programming information, see “Vehicle
Programming and Personalization Features” in
the Index.
1-6
The buttons are located on the armrests. Press the
buttons to turn the feature on. Press them again to turn
off the heated seats. The feature will also shut off when
the ignition is turned to OFF.
The HEAT/OFF button controls the temperature settings
HI, MED and LO. The other button is to choose BACK
ONLY heating. The LO setting warms the seatback and
cushion until the seat approximates body temperature.
The MED and HI settings heat the seatback and seat
cushion to a slightly higher temperature, and the BACK
ONLY heats only the seatback.
Reclining Front Seatbacks
The recliner controls are
located on the outboard
sides of the front seats.
The temperature can be adjusted by pushing the
button from HI to LO or, until the desired setting is
reached. You will be able to feel heat in approximately
two minutes. To heat just the seatback, push the BACK
ONLY button once, after first activating the heated seat
feature. To resume heat to both the seat cushion and
seatback, press the button again.
Press the recliner control forward or rearward to adjust
the seatback forward or rearward.
Push the recliner control up or down to adjust the
shoulder belt height. See “Shoulder Belt Height
Adjuster” in the Index for more information.
1-7
CAUTION:
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is moving.
1-8
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job. In a crash you
could go into it, receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety
belt properly.
Head Restraints
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the air bag system.
CAUTION:
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest to the top of your head. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear
a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash, you might
not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
The head restraints tilt forward and rearward also.
The rear seat head restraints in your vehicle may be
adjustable. They work the same as the front seat head
restraints, except they do not tilt forward or rearward.
1-9
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area,
inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding in these areas are more likely to be
seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a reminder
to buckle up. See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.
1-10
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
Put someone on it.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
1-11
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
1-12
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
or the instrument panel ...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-13
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q:
If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
1-14
Q:
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you
and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less
than 40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know
about safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will
be riding in your vehicle, see the part of this manual
called “Children.” Follow those rules for
everyone’s protection.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see
how, see “Seats” in the Index.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
1-15
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The lap-shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Be sure to use the correct buckle when buckling your
lap-shoulder belt. If you find that the latch plate will
not go fully into the buckle, see if you are using the
buckle for the center passenger position.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash, or
if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-16
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you.
To move it down, press down on the power seat recliner
control and move the height adjuster to the desired
position. You can move the adjuster up just by pushing
up on the power seat recliner control. After you move
the adjuster to where you want it, try to move it down
without pushing the power seat recliner control to make
sure it has locked into position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the belt is
centered on your shoulder. The belt should be away from
your face and neck, but not falling off your shoulder.
1-17
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-18
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen.
The belt forces would be there, not at the
pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt into the buckle
nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-19
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-20
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In
a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of the
belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted,
make it straight so it can work properly, or ask
your dealer to fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-21
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-22
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s
safety belt properly, see “Driver Position” earlier
in this section.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt -- except for one thing.
If you ever pull the lap portion of the belt out all the
way, you will engage the child restraint locking feature.
If this happens, just let the belt go back all the way and
start again.
Air Bag Systems
This part explains the frontal and side impact air
bag systems.
Your vehicle has air bags -- a frontal air bag for the
driver and another frontal air bag for the right front
passenger. Your vehicle also has a side impact air bag
for the driver and another side impact air bag for the
right front passenger. Your vehicle may also have a side
impact air bag for each of the two rear seat outboard
passenger positions.
If your vehicle has side impact air bags for each of the
two rear seat outboard passenger positions, it will say AIR
BAG on each side of the rear seatback closest to the door.
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Here are the most important things to know about the air
bag systems:
CAUTION:
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating frontal air bag. But
these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their job
and comply with federal regulations.
1-24
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt -- even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. Air
bags are designed to work with safety belts but
don’t replace them.
Frontal air bags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to work only in moderate
to severe crashes where the front of your vehicle
hits something.
CAUTION: (Continued)
CAUTION: (Continued)
They aren’t designed to inflate at all in rollover,
rear or low-speed frontal crashes, or in many
side crashes. And, for some unrestrained
occupants, frontal air bags may provide less
protection in frontal crashes than more forceful
air bags have provided in the past. Side impact
air bags are designed to inflate only in moderate
to severe crashes where something hits the side
of your vehicle. They aren’t designed to inflate
in frontal, in rollover or in rear crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly -- whether or not there’s an air
bag for that person.
CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate with
great force, faster than the blink of an eye. If
you’re too close to an inflating air bag, as you
would be if you were leaning forward, it could
seriously injure you. Safety belts help keep you in
position for air bag inflation before and during a
crash. Always wear your safety belt, even with
frontal air bags. The driver should sit as far back
as possible while still maintaining control of the
vehicle. Occupants should not lean on or sleep
against the door.
1-25
CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
the best protection for adults, but not for young
children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety
belt system nor its air bag system is designed for
them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide. Always secure children properly in your
vehicle. To read how, see the part of this manual
called “Children.”
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United States
Canada (Analog Only)
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the words AIR BAG or an air
bag symbol.
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
How the Air Bag Systems Work
Where are the air bags?
The right front passenger’s frontal air bag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
The driver’s frontal air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
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The driver’s side impact air bag is in the side of the
driver’s seatback closest to the door.
1-28
The right front passenger’s side impact air bag is in the
side of the passenger’s seatback closest to the door.
CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an air
bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person causing
severe injury or even death. The path of an
inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t put
anything between an occupant and an air bag,
and don’t attach or put anything on the steering
wheel hub or on or near any other air bag
covering. Don’t let seat covers block the inflation
path of a side impact air bag.
The side impact air bags for the rear seat outboard
passenger positions are in the sides of the rear seatback
closest to the doors.
1-29
When should an air bag inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.”
In addition, your vehicle has “dual stage” frontal air
bags, which adjust the amount of restraint according to
crash severity. For moderate frontal impacts, these air
bags inflate at a level less than full deployment. For
more severe frontal impacts, full deployment occurs.
If the front of your vehicle goes straight into a wall that
doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level for the
reduced deployment is about 10 to 16 mph (18 to
26 km/h), and the threshold level for a full deployment
is about 18 to 24 mph (29 to 38.5 km/h). The threshold
level can vary, however, with specific vehicle design, so
that it can be somewhat above or below this range.
1-30
If your vehicle strikes something that will move or
deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will be
higher. The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
air bags are not designed to inflate in rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation
would not help the occupant.
The side impact air bags are designed to inflate in
moderate to severe side crashes. A side impact air bag
will inflate if the crash severity is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” The threshold level can vary
with specific vehicle design. Side impact air bags are not
designed to inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts,
rollovers or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant. A side impact air bag will only
deploy on the side of the vehicle that is struck.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were. For
frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle of
the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down in
frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side impact air
bags, inflation is determined by the location and severity
of the impact.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For both
frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing system
triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which inflates
the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related hardware
are all part of the air bag modules inside the steering
wheel, instrument panel and the side of the front
seatbacks and behind the rear seatbacks closest to
the door.
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But the frontal air
bags would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts, and many side
impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motion is not
toward the air bag. Side impact air bags would not help
you in many types of collisions, including frontal or
near frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
those air bags. Air bags should never be regarded as
anything more than a supplement to safety belts, and
then only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal
collisions for the driver’s and right front passenger’s
frontal air bags, and only in moderate to severe side
collisions for the side impact air bags.
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What will you see after an air bag inflates?
After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module -- the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s bag, the
side of the seatback closest to the door for the side
impact air bags -- will be hot for a short time. The parts
of the bag that come into contact with you may be
warm, but not too hot to touch. There will be some
smoke and dust coming from the vents in the deflated
air bags. Air bag inflation doesn’t prevent the driver
from seeing or being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it
stop people from leaving the vehicle.
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CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or a door.
Your vehicle has a feature that will automatically unlock
the doors and turn the interior lamps on when the air
bags inflate (if battery power is available). You can lock
the doors again and turn the interior lamps off by using
the door lock and interior lamp controls.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger air bag.
D Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for your
air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air bag
system won’t be there to help protect you in another
crash. A new system will include air bag modules
and possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
D Your vehicle is equipped with an electronic frontal
sensor, which helps the sensing system distinguish
between a moderate frontal impact and a more
severe frontal impact. Your vehicle is also equipped
with a crash sensing and diagnostic module, which
records information about the frontal air bag system.
The module records information about the readiness
of the system, when the system commands air bag
inflation and driver’s safety belt usage at deployment
or in a near-deployment crash. The module also
records speed, engine rpm, brake and throttle data.
D Let only qualified technicians work on your air
bag systems. Improper service can mean that an
air bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for the driver’s or the
right front passenger’s air bag, or the air bag
covering on the driver’s, right front passenger’s
or rear seatback, the bag may not work properly.
You may have to replace the air bag module in
the steering wheel, both the air bag module and
the instrument panel for the right front
passenger’s air bag, or both the air bag module
and seatback for the side impact air bag. Do not
open or break the air bag coverings.
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Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag systems in several places
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the service manual
have information about servicing your vehicle and the
air bag systems. To purchase a service manual, see
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners. You’ll find
them on the buckle end of the safety belts for the
driver and right front passenger. They help the safety
belts reduce a person’s forward movement in a
moderate to severe crash in which the front of the
vehicle hits something.
CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an air
bag can still inflate during improper service. You
can be injured if you are close to an air bag when
it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors. They are
probably part of the air bag systems. Be sure to
follow proper service procedures, and make sure
the person performing work for you is qualified
to do so.
The air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
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Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a crash,
you’ll need to get new ones, and probably other new
parts for your safety belt system. See “Replacing
Restraint System Parts After a Crash” in the Index.
Center Front Passenger Position
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a front bench seat, someone can sit in
the center position.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
When you sit in the center front seating position, you
have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To make
the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along
the belt.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
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Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Passenger Positions
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
All rear seating positions have lap-shoulder belts.
Here’s how to wear one properly.
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The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the
release button on the buckle is positioned so you
would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if
you ever had to.
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CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
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To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfort for older children who have
outgrown booster seats and for small adults. When
installed on a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better
positions the belt away from the neck and head.
There is one guide for each outside passenger position in
the rear seat. To provide added safety belt comfort for
children who have outgrown child restraints and for
smaller adults, the comfort guides may be installed on
the shoulder belts. Here’s how to install a comfort guide
and use the safety belt:
1. Remove the guide from its storage pocket on the top
of the seatback.
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2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the belt into
the slots of the guide.
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3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cord must be under the belt and the guide
on top.
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes the
need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact, the
law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
Infants and Young Children
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by the
appropriate restraint. Young children should not use the
vehicle’s safety belts, unless there is no other choice.
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in “Rear Seat Passenger Positions” earlier
in this section. Make sure that the shoulder belt
crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out of the
guides. Slide the guide into its storage pocket on the top
of the seatback.
1-41
CAUTION: (Continued)
For example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly
become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on a person’s
arms. A baby should be secured in an
appropriate restraint.
CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much -- until a crash. During a crash a baby will
become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.
CAUTION: (Continued)
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Q:
What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by the
vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types.
Selection of a particular restraint should take into
consideration not only the child’s weight, height
and age but also whether or not the restraint will be
compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will
be used.
CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
outstanding protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air
bag system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing
a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used in
a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In
addition, there are many kinds of restraints
available for children with special needs.
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CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This is
necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is
weak and its head weighs so much compared with
the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant in a
rear-facing seat settles into the restraint, so the
crash forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and
shoulders. Infants always should be secured in
appropriate infant restraints.
1-44
CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s hip
bones are still so small that the vehicle’s regular
safety belt may not remain low on the hip bones,
as it should. Instead, it may settle up around the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply
force on a body area that’s unprotected by any
bony structure. This alone could cause serious or
fatal injuries. Young children always should be
secured in appropriate child restraints.
Restraint Systems for Children
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed to
restrain or position a child on a continuous flat surface.
Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the center
of the vehicle.
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with the
seating surface against the back of the infant. The
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
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A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
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A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some
booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and some
high-back booster seats have a five-point harness. A
booster seat can also help a child to see out the window.
Q:
A:
How do child restraints work?
A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which is
purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help reduce
the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it
will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to the
instructions that come with the restraint which may be
on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and to this
manual. The child restraint instructions are important, so
if they are not available, obtain a replacement copy from
the manufacturer.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point
harness system has two shoulder straps, two hip
straps and a crotch strap. A shield may take the
place of hip straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder
straps that are attached to a flat pad which rests low
against the child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type
shield has straps that are attached to a wide,
shelf-like shield that swings up or to the side.
1-47
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
General Motors, therefore, recommends that child
restraints be secured in the rear seat including an infant
riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding in a
booster seat. Never put a rear-facing child restraint in
the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in a rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, but before you do, always
move the front passenger seat as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
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CAUTION:
A child in a child restraint in the center front seat
can be badly injured or killed by the right front
passenger air bag if it inflates. Never secure a
child restraint in the center front seat. It’s always
better to secure a child restraint in the rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front passenger seat, but before you
do, always move the front passenger seat as far
back as it will go. It’s better to secure the child
restraint in a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.”
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored to
the vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints are
designed for use with or without the top strap being
anchored. Others require the top strap always to be
anchored. Be sure to read and follow the instructions
for your child restraint. If yours requires that the top
strap be anchored, don’t use the restraint unless it is
anchored properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can
be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a
kit is available.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints also
have a top strap. If your child restraint has a top strap, it
should be anchored.
Anchor the top strap to one of the following anchor
points. Be sure to use an anchor point located on the
same side of the vehicle as the seating position where
the child restraint will be placed. If you have an
adjustable head restraint, route the top strap under it.
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Once you have the top strap anchored, you’ll be ready to
secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top strap
when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
Your vehicle has top strap anchors already installed for
the rear seating positions. You’ll find them behind the
rear seat on the filler panel.
In order to get to a bracket, you’ll have to open the
trim cover.
1-50
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System)
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. You’ll find
anchors (A) in all three rear seating positions.
To assist you in locating the lower anchors for this child
restraint system, each seating position with the LATCH
system will have the LATCH system symbol on the
seatback directly above the anchors.
In order to use the system, you need either a
forward-facing child restraint that has attaching
points (B) at its base and a top tether anchor (C), or a
rear-facing child restraint that has attaching points (B),
as shown here.
A. Vehicle anchor
B. LATCH system attachment points
With this system, use the LATCH system instead of the
vehicle’s safety belts to secure a child restraint.
A. Vehicle anchor
B. LATCH system attachment points
C. Top Strap
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CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint isn’t attached to
its anchorage points, the restraint won’t be able
to protect a child sitting there. In a crash, the
child could be seriously injured or killed. Make
sure that a LATCH-type child restraint is
properly installed using the anchorage points, or
use the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the
restraint. See “Child Restraints” in the Index for
information on how to secure a child restraint in
your vehicle using the vehicle’s safety belts.
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
LATCH System
1. Find the anchors for the seating position you want to
use, where the bottom of the seatback meets the back
of the seat cushion.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Attach the anchor points on the child restraint to the
anchors in the vehicle. The child restraint
instructions will show you how.
4. If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach the top
strap to the top strap anchor. See “Top Strap” in the
Index. Tighten the top strap according to the child
restraint instructions.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top
strap from the top tether anchor and then disconnect the
anchor points.
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Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see “Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH)” in the Index.
CAUTION:
A child in a child restraint in the center front seat
can be badly injured or killed by the right front
passenger air bag if it inflates. Never secure a
child restraint in the center front seat. It’s always
better to secure a child restraint in the rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front passenger seat, but before you
do, always move the front passenger seat as far
back as it will go. It’s better to secure the child
restraint in the rear seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
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1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
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4. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while
you push down on the child restraint. If you’re using
a forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
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Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see “Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH)” in the Index.
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in the rear seat.
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1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger air
bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See “Seats” in the Index.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Pull the rest of the lap belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
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6. To tighten the belt, feed the lap belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
You may find it helpful to use your knee to push
down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
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Older Children
Q:
A:
What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt should
not cross the face or neck. The lap belt should fit
snugly below the hips, just touching the top of the
thighs. It should never be worn over the abdomen,
which could cause severe or even fatal internal
injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
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CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt. The
belt can’t properly spread the impact forces. In a
crash, the two children can be crushed together
and seriously injured. A belt must be used by
only one person at a time.
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Q:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
If the child is sitting in a seat next to a window,
move the child toward the center of the vehicle. If
the child is sitting in the center rear seat passenger
position, move the child toward the safety belt
buckle. In either case, be sure that the shoulder belt
still is on the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the
child’s upper body would have the restraint that
belts provide. If the child is sitting in a rear seat
outside position, see “Rear Safety Belt Comfort
Guides” in the Index. If the child is so small that
the shoulder belt is still very close to the child’s
face or neck, you might want to place the child in a
seat that has a lap belt, if your vehicle has one.
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt in this way, in
a crash the child might slide under the belt. The
belt’s force would then be applied right on the
child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
The lap portion of the belt should be worn low and snug
on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs. This applies
belt force to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
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Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach
it to the regular safety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is
torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
1-62
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts or LATCH
system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH
system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the
belt or LATCH system wasn’t being used at the time
of the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier
in this section.
If the frontal air bags inflate, you’ll also need to replace
the driver’s and right front passenger’s safety belt
buckle assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the new buckle
assembly will be there to help protect you in a collision.
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything
is working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
2-2
2-5
2-7
2-10
2-14
2-17
2-18
2-20
2-22
2-23
2-25
2-26
2-28
2-34
2-36
2-39
2-39
2-40
2-40
Windows
Keys
Door Locks
Remote Keyless Entry System
Trunk
Theft
Theft-Deterrent System
PASS-KeyR III
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Parking Brake
Shifting Into PARK (P)
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
Running
Your Engine While You’re Parked
2-
2-41
2-43
2-50
2-56
2-59
2-63
2-67
2-70
2-70
2-74
2-75
2-78
2-85
2-100
2-129
2-130
2-133
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Rear Power Sunshade (If Equipped)
Cellular Telephone (Option)
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
Sunroof (Option)
HomeLinkR Transmitter (If Equipped)
The Instrument Panel -- Your
Information System
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
Driver Information Center (DIC)
Navigation (Option)
Night Vision System (Option)
Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) (Option)
2-1
Windows
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows
closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome by
the extreme heat and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never
leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially with the
windows closed in warm or hot weather.
2-2
Power Windows
Express-Down Window
This feature is on all power windows. Press the down
arrow on the switch to the second position to activate the
express-down feature. If you want to stop the window as
it is lowering, press the up arrow on the switch once.
Express-Up Window
This feature is on both front power windows. Press the
up arrow on the switch to the second position to activate
the express-up feature. If you want to stop the window
as it is raising, press the down arrow on the switch once.
The power window switches are located on the armrest
near each window. Press the up or down arrows on the
switches to raise or lower the windows.
Your vehicle has Retained Accessory Power (RAP) that
allows you to use the power windows once the ignition
has been turned off. For more information, see
“Retained Accessory Power” in the Index.
2-3
Anti-Pinch Feature
If a hand, an arm or another object is above the middle
of the window and is in the path of the window when
the express-up feature is active, the window will stop
at the obstruction and express-open to a preset
factory position.
Rear Window Lockout
The rear window lockout
button is located below the
power window switches on
the driver’s door armrest.
CAUTION:
Pressing and holding the power window control
will turn off the anti-pinch feature. If this
happens, a power window won’t stop if
something gets in the way. You or others could
be injured, and your window could be damaged.
Be careful not to press and hold the power
window control.
Pressing this button will disable the rear window
controls. The light on the button will illuminate,
indicating that the feature is in use. The rear windows
can be raised or lowered using the driver’s window
switches when the lockout feature is active.
To restore power to the rear windows, press the button
again. The light on the button will go out.
2-4
Keys
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. If they
turned the ignition to ACCESSORY or ON and
moved the shift lever out of PARK (P), that
would release the parking brake. Don’t leave the
keys in a vehicle with children.
2-5
Keep the bar code tag that came with the original keys.
Give this tag to your dealer if you need a new key made.
Any new PASS-Key III key must be programmed
before it will start your vehicle. See “PASS-Key III”
in the Index for more information on programming your
new key.
NOTICE:
Master Key
Valet Key
There is a master key that works all of the lock cylinders
(driver’s door, trunk, ignition and glove box).
There is also a VALET key which only operates the
driver’s door and the ignition.
Your vehicle has the PASS-KeyR III vehicle theft
system. Both the master and VALET key have a
transponder in the key head that matches a decoder in
the vehicle’s steering column. If a replacement key or
any additional key is needed, you must purchase this key
from your dealer. The key will have PK3 stamped on it.
2-6
Your vehicle has a number of new features that
can help prevent theft. You can have a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever
lock your keys inside. You may even have to
damage your vehicle to get in. So be sure you
have extra keys.
In an emergency, contact Cadillac Roadside Assistance.
See “Roadside Assistance” in the Index.
If your vehicle is equipped with the OnStar system with
an active subscription and you lock your keys inside the
vehicle, OnStar may be able to send a command to
unlock your vehicle. See “OnStar” in the Index for
more information.
Door Locks
CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
D Passengers -- especially children -- can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the
handle won’t open it. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in
a crash if the doors aren’t locked. So, wear
safety belts properly and lock the doors
whenever you drive.
D Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
D Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or stop
your vehicle. Locking your doors can help
prevent this from happening.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
Because your vehicle has the theft-deterrent system, you
must unlock the doors with the key or remote keyless
entry transmitter to avoid setting off the alarm.
From the outside, use either the key or the remote
keyless entry transmitter.
From the inside, use the
manual lock levers located
on the door panels.
Push down on the manual lock lever to lock the door. To
unlock the door, pull up on the lever.
2-7
Central Door Unlocking System
Your vehicle has a central door unlocking mode and a
theft-deterrent system. When unlocking the driver’s
door, you can unlock the other doors by holding the key
in the turned position for a few seconds or by quickly
turning the door key twice in the lock cylinder.
Power Door Locks
The power door lock
switches are located
on the door panels
near the windows.
The power door lock switches located on the rear doors
can also lock all the doors at once by pressing the
bottom part of them, but they cannot unlock the doors.
Automatic Door Locks
Your vehicle is programmed so that when the doors are
closed, the ignition is on and the shift lever is moved out
of PARK (P), all the doors will lock. The doors will
unlock every time you stop the vehicle and move the
shift lever back into PARK (P).
If someone needs to get out while your vehicle is not in
PARK (P), have that person use the manual lever or
power door lock switch. When the door is closed again,
it will not lock automatically. Use the manual lever or
power lock switch to lock the door.
Programmable Automatic Door Locks
Press the bottom part of the power door lock switch
located on either front door to lock all the doors at once.
Press the top of the switch to unlock all the doors at once.
2-8
With the vehicle in PARK (P) and the ignition in ON,
the door locks can be programmed through prompts
displayed on the Driver Information Center (DIC).
These prompts allow the driver to choose various lock
and unlock settings. For programming information, see
“Vehicle Programming and Personalization Features” in
the Index.
Rear Door Security Locks
Your vehicle is equipped with rear door security locks
that prevent passengers from opening the rear doors on
your vehicle from the inside.
The rear door security
locks are located on the
edge of each rear door.
You must open the doors
to access them.
To use these locks, do the following:
1. Turn the knob located on the passenger’s side
rear door clockwise all the way down to the
ENGAGED position.
2. Close the door.
3. Turn the knob located on the driver’s side rear door
counterclockwise all the way down to the
ENGAGED position.
The rear doors on your vehicle cannot be opened from
the inside when this feature is in use.
When you want to open a rear door when the security
lock is on, do the following:
1. Unlock the door using the remote keyless entry
transmitter, the front door power lock switch or by
lifting the rear door manual lock.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
To cancel the rear door security lock, do the following:
1. Unlock the door and open it from the outside.
2. Turn the knob on the passenger’s side of the rear
door counterclockwise all the way back to the
original position.
3. Turn the knob on the driver’s side of the rear door
clockwise all the way back to the original position.
The rear door locks will now work normally.
Anti-Lockout Feature
Leaving your key in any ignition position with any door
open will disable the power door lock switches as well
as the lock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter. If you close the doors, you can lock them
using the remote keyless entry transmitter. It is always
recommended that you remove the ignition key when
locking your vehicle.
The anti-lockout feature can be overridden by holding
the power door lock switch for three seconds or longer.
2-9
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, open the door, set the
locks from the inside, get out and close the door.
Remote Keyless Entry System
If your vehicle has this feature, you can lock and unlock
your doors or unlock your trunk from about 3 feet (1 m)
up to 30 feet (9 m) away using the remote keyless entry
transmitter supplied with your vehicle.
Your remote keyless entry transmitter operates on a
radio frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
2-10
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
The average range of this system is about 10 feet (3 m).
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry transmitter. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand
closer to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try
the following:
D Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
D Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or
right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
D Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructions that follow.
D If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
Operation
(Lock): When you press
this symbol to lock the
doors, the parking lamps
will flash once and the horn
will sound. This arms the
theft-deterrent system.
The parking lamps will not flash, however, if the manual
parking lamps are left on. Remote confirmation is not
operational if a door is open.
You can program your vehicle so the parking lamps
will not flash and the horn will not sound. For more
information, see “Lock/Unlock Confirmation” in
the Index.
(Unlock): When you press this symbol to unlock
the driver’s door, the parking lamps on your vehicle will
flash twice. The parking lamps will not flash if they
have been turned on manually. Remote confirmation is
not operational if a door is open.
Press this button again within one to five seconds
to unlock the other doors. It will also disarm the
theft-deterrent system and turn on the interior
lamps at night.
You can program your vehicle so the parking lamps will
not flash. For more information, see “Lock/Unlock
Confirmation” in the Index.
(Panic Alarm): The remote keyless entry
transmitter comes equipped with an instant panic alarm.
To use the alarm, press the horn symbol when the
ignition is turned off. The horn will sound and the
exterior lamps will flash for up to 30 seconds. To stop
the instant panic alarm, press the symbol again or turn
the ignition to ON.
(Trunk): Press this button to open the trunk. The
valet lockout switch must be off for this feature to work.
The remote keyless entry transmitter can be used to
recall the memory settings for up to two drivers. For
more information, see “Vehicle Programming and
Personalization Features” and “Memory Seat, Mirrors
and Steering Wheel” in the Index.
2-11
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle
Battery Replacement
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any
remaining transmitters with you when you go to your
dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock your
vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of four
transmitters matched to it.
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about four years.
Vehicles are delivered with two transmitters. See
your dealer for information on how to obtain
additional transmitters.
2-12
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have to
get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
NOTICE:
When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your
body transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
1. Use an object like a coin to pry open the transmitter.
2. Once the transmitter is separated, use an object
like a pencil to remove the old battery. Do not use a
metal object.
3. Insert the new battery as the instructions under the
cover indicate.
4. Snap the transmitter back together tightly to be sure
no moisture can enter.
5. Press any button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter to resynchronize the transmitter.
6. Check the operation of the transmitter.
2-13
Trunk
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk lid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even death.
If you must drive with the trunk lid open or if
electrical wiring or other cable connections must
pass through the seal between the body and the
trunk lid:
D Make sure all other windows are shut.
D Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on AUTO and the temperature between
65_F (18_C) and 85_F (29_C). That will
force outside air into your vehicle. See
“Comfort Controls” in the Index.
D If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
2-14
Trunk Lock Release
The trunk lock release
button is located to the left
of the steering wheel on the
instrument panel.
Press the button to open the trunk. To use this feature,
your vehicle must be in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
and the valet lockout switch must be off.
You can also press the button with the trunk symbol on
the remote keyless entry transmitter to open the trunk.
To disable this feature, see “Valet Lockout Switch” in
the Index.
Rear Seat Pass-Through Door (If Equipped)
The button for this
feature is located
in the trunk.
The rear-seat armrest must be down for the pass-thru
door to open. To release the pass-through door, press the
PUSH button located in the center of the trunk panel.
The rear seat pass-through door can also be opened from
inside the vehicle. The rear seat armrest must be down
for the pass-through door to open.
To release the pass-through door, move the release up
with your fingers. Then close the door so it latches from
inside the vehicle.
2-15
Trunk Lid Tie Down
CAUTION:
Driving with the trunk lid open can allow
dangerous CO (carbon monoxide) gas to come
into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell CO. It
can cause unconsciousness and even death. If you
ever need to drive with your trunk lid open, then:
D Make sure all windows, the rear seat
pass-through and sunroof are closed.
D Turn the fan on your heating and cooling
system to its highest speed, with the
setting on AUTO and temperature between
65_F (18_C) and 85_F (29_C). This forces
fresh outside air into your vehicle.
D Open all air ducts on the instrument panel.
Don’t use the trunk lid tie down if you are towing
a trailer because of the danger of CO.
This feature is used to secure the trunk lid if it will not
close completely, such as when carrying large packages in
the trunk. Use the following steps to secure the trunk lid:
1. Attach the clip end of the tie down to the D ring on
the trunk lid (A).
2. Attach the hook end of the tie down to the striker
located at the center of the trunk sill (B).
3. Tighten the tie down by pulling the free end of the
cord until secure.
4. To remove the tie down, press the clip end release
and loosen the cord.
2-16
Trunk Release Handle
There is a glow-in-the-dark trunk release handle located
inside the trunk near the latch. This handle will glow
following exposure to light. Pull the release handle
upward to open the trunk from the inside.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
NOTICE:
The trunk release handle was not designed to be
used to tie down the trunk lid or as an anchor
point when securing items in the trunk. Improper
use of the trunk release handle could damage it.
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition and transaxle. And remember to lock the doors.
2-17
Parking at Night
Theft-Deterrent System
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
The SECURITY light is
located on the instrument
panel cluster.
Parking Lots
Even if you park in a lot where someone will be
watching your vehicle, it’s still best to lock it up and
take your keys. But what if you have to leave your
ignition key?
D If possible, park in a busy, well-lit area.
D Put your valuables in a storage area, like your trunk
D
D
D
D
D
D
If the ignition is off and any door is open, the SECURITY
light will flash, reminding you to arm the system.
To arm the system, do the following:
or glove box.
1. Open the door.
Be sure to close and lock the storage area.
2. Lock the door using the power door lock switch with
the door open or the remote keyless entry transmitter.
The SECURITY light should come on and stay on.
Close all windows.
Move the valet lockout switch to ON.
Lock the glove box.
Leave only the valet key.
Take all other keys and the remote keyless entry
transmitter with you.
2-18
3. Close all the doors. The SECURITY light should go
off within approximately 30 seconds.
If a door or a trunk is opened without a key or a remote
keyless entry transmitter, the horn will sound and the
lamps will flash for about 30 seconds.
Remember, the theft-deterrent system won’t arm if you
lock the doors with a key or use the manual door lock. It
activates only if you use a power door lock with the
door open or the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Testing the Alarm
To avoid activating the alarm by accident do
the following:
D The vehicle should be locked with the door key or
2. From outside of the vehicle, with the door open,
lock the vehicle using the power door lock or the
remote keyless entry system and close the door.
Wait 30 seconds until the SECURITY lamp goes off.
D Always unlock a door with a key or use the remote
3. Reach in and unlock the door using the manual lock
and open the door. The horn will sound and the
hazard lights will flash.
the manual door lock after the doors are closed if
you don’t want to arm the theft-deterrent system.
keyless entry transmitter system. Pressing the unlock
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter
disables the theft-deterrent system. Unlocking a door
any other way will activate the alarm when a door or
the trunk is opened.
1. From inside the vehicle, roll down the window, then
get out of the vehicle, keeping the door open.
You can turn off the alarm by unlocking the driver’s
door with your key, using the unlock button on the
remote keyless entry transmitter or by starting the car
with a valid key.
If you activate the alarm by accident, unlock the driver’s
door with your key. You can also turn off the alarm
by using the unlock button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter system, or by starting the car with a
valid key.
If the alarm does not sound when it should, check to see
if the horn works. The horn fuse may be blown. To
replace the fuse, see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the
Index. If the fuse does not need to be replaced, you may
need to have your vehicle serviced.
Changes or modifications made to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use the theft system.
To reduce the possibility of theft, always arm the
theft-deterrent system when leaving your vehicle.
2-19
PASS-KeyR III
Valet Lockout Switch
The valet lockout switch
is located inside the
glove box.
Press the switch to ON to disable the use of the trunk,
fuel door, garage door opener and cellular telephone
(option). The remote keyless entry transmitter cannot
open the trunk if the valet lockout switch is in ON.
Press this switch to OFF to enable the use of the
trunk, fuel door, garage door opener and cellular
telephone (option).
Locking the glove box with your key will also help to
secure your vehicle.
2-20
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key III
(Personalized Automotive
Security System)
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key III is a passive
theft-deterrent system. This
means you don’t have to do
anything different to arm or
disarm the system. It works
when you insert or remove
the key from the ignition.
Your PASS-Key III system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
PASS-Key III uses a radio frequency transponder in
the key that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
When the PASS-Key III system senses that someone is
using the wrong key, it shuts down the vehicle’s starter
and fuel systems. The starter will not work and fuel will
stop being delivered to the engine. Anyone using a
trial-and-error method to start the vehicle will be
discouraged because of the high number of electrical
key codes.
When trying to start the vehicle, if the engine does not
start and the SECURITY light comes on, the key may
have a damaged transponder. Turn the ignition off and
try again.
If the engine does not start, and the key appears to be
undamaged, try another ignition key. At this time, you
may also want to check the fuse. See “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index. If the engine still does not start
with the other key, your vehicle needs service. If your
vehicle does start, the first key may be faulty. See your
dealer who can service the PASS-Key III to have a new
key made.
It is possible for the PASS-Key III decoder to learn the
transponder value of a new or replacement key. Up to
10 additional keys may be programmed for the vehicle.
This procedure is for learning additional keys only.
Canadian Owners: If you lose or damage your keys,
only a GM dealer can service PASS-Key III to have new
keys made. To program additional keys you will require
two current driver’s keys (black in color). You must add
a step to the following procedure. After Step 2, repeat
Steps 1 and 2 with the second current driver’s key.
Then continue with Step 3.
To program the new key do the following:
1. Verify that the new key has PK3 stamped on it.
2. Insert the current driver’s key in the ignition and
start the engine. If the engine will not start see your
dealer for service.
2-21
3. After the engine has started, turn the key to OFF, and
remove the key.
4. Insert the key to be programmed and turn it to ON
within ten seconds of removing the previous key.
5. The SECURITY light will turn off once the key has
been programmed. It may not be apparent that the
SECURITY light went on due to how quickly the
key is programmed.
6. Repeat the Steps 1 through 4 if additional keys are to
be programmed.
If you are ever driving and the SECURITY light
comes on and stays on, you will be able to restart your
engine if you turn it off. Your PASS-Key III system,
however, is not working properly and must be serviced
by your dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by the
PASS-Key III system at this time.
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key III key, see your
dealer to have a new key made.
In an emergency, contact Cadillac Roadside Assistance.
See “Roadside Assistance” in the Index.
2-22
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long
run if you follow these guidelines:
D Don’t drive at any one speed -- fast or
slow -- for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
D Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
D Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for
more information.
Ignition Positions
With the key in the ignition switch, you can turn the key
to four different positions.
If you cannot start your vehicle and you are unable to
remove your key from the ignition, see “Shift Lock
Release” in the Index.
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in OFF and you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correct key;
if so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and right while you turn the
key hard. But turn the key only with your hand.
Using a tool to force it could break the key or the
ignition switch. If none of this works, then your
vehicle needs service.
A (OFF): This is the only position in which you can
insert or remove the key. This position locks the
ignition, steering wheel and transaxle. It’s a
theft-deterrent feature.
2-23
B (ACCESSORY): This position allows you to use
things like the radio and the windshield wipers when the
engine is off. This position will allow you to turn off the
engine, but still turn the steering wheel. If your vehicle
has a column shifter, you will still be able to move the
shift lever. Use ACCESSORY if you must have your
vehicle in motion while the engine is off (for example, if
your vehicle is being pushed or towed).
C (ON): This position is for driving. If your vehicle has
a console shifter and you turn off the engine, the
transaxle will lock. If you need to shift the transaxle out
of PARK (P), the ignition key has to be in ON.
D (START): This position starts the engine.
2-24
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
The following accessories on your vehicle may be used
for up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is turned
from ON to OFF:
D
D
D
D
D
Cellular Telephone (Option)
Radio
Power Windows
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Sunroof (Option)
Power to these accessories stops after 10 minutes or
if a door is opened. If you want power for another
10 minutes, close all the doors and turn the ignition key
to ON and then back to OFF. If the cellular phone is
being used while retained accessory power is active, the
timer is suspended to avoid interruption of the call.
The timer resets to 10 minutes at the end of the call.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If it doesn’t start within 10 seconds, hold your
key in START for about 10 seconds at a time until
your engine starts. Wait about 15 seconds between
each try.
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
2-25
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing.
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
A. Engine Oil Dipstick Location
B. Engine Coolant Heater Cord
C. Transaxle Dipstick/Fluid Fill Location
2-26
In very cold weather, 0_F (-18_C) or colder, the
engine coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting
and better fuel economy during engine warm-up.
Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged in a
minimum of four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
At temperatures above 32_F (0_C), use of the coolant
heater is not required.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The electrical cord is located on the driver’s side of
the engine, behind the transaxle dipstick/fluid fill
location (C) and next to the engine.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
2-27
Automatic Transaxle Operation
The automatic transaxle may have a shift lever located
on either the steering column or on the console between
the seats.
There are several
different positions for
the shift lever.
Column Shifter (Digital and Analog Cluster similar)
Console Shifter
2-28
PARK (P): This position locks the front wheels. It’s the
best position to use when you start the engine because
your vehicle can’t move easily.
CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer”
in the Index.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic
transaxle shift lock control system. You have to fully
apply your regular brakes before you can shift from
PARK (P) when the ignition key is in ON. If you
cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift
lever -- push the shift lever all the way into PARK (P)
as you maintain brake application. Then move the shift
lever into the gear you wish. See “Shifting Out of
PARK (P)” in the Index.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
has stopped.
Also use this gear to rock your vehicle back and forth to
get out of snow, ice or sand without damaging your
transaxle. See “Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the
Index for additional information.
2-29
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, the engine doesn’t
connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re already
moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
B
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( ): This position is
for normal driving. If you need more power for passing,
and you’re:
D Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push the
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
CAUTION:
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed) is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit people or
objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxle caused by shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine
racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
2-30
D Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
The transaxle will shift down to the next gear and
have more power.
NOTICE:
If your vehicle seems to start up rather slowly, or
if it doesn’t seem to shift gears as you accelerate,
something may be wrong with a transaxle system
sensor. If you drive very far that way, your
vehicle can be damaged. So if this happens, have
your vehicle serviced right away. Until then, you
can use SECOND (2) when you are driving less
than 35 mph (55 km/h) and AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE ( ) for higher speeds.
B
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, however, it offers more power and lower fuel
economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( ).
B
Here are examples for using THIRD (3) instead of
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( ).
B
D When driving on hilly, winding roads.
D When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears.
D When going down a steep hill.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power. You
can use SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your
speed as you go down steep mountain roads, but then
you would also want to use your brakes off and on.
NOTICE:
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
than SECOND (2). You can use it on very steep hills,
or in deep snow or mud. (If the shift lever is put in
FIRST (1), the transaxle won’t shift into first gear until
the vehicle is going slowly enough.)
NOTICE:
If your front wheels can’t turn, don’t try to drive.
This might happen if you were stuck in very deep
sand or mud or were up against a solid object.
You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could cause overheating and damage
the transaxle. Use your brakes to hold your
vehicle in position on a hill.
Don’t shift into SECOND (2) unless you are going
slower than 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can
damage your engine.
2-31
Performance Shifting (DTS Only)
When your vehicle detects a change in driving
conditions, it will automatically initiate the appropriate
performance shift mode. When this occurs, the gear
display on the instrument panel cluster will change to
indicate that the transaxle has shifted to a different gear.
For example, the gear display on the cluster may
indicate 3 or 2 even though the gearshift is still in
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( ). Once the
performance shift mode ends, the gear display on the
instrument panel cluster will return to normal.
B
Shift Lock Release
If your vehicle has a dead battery or a battery with low
voltage, there is a procedure that will allow you to
override the shift lock release.
The following procedure allows the ignition to be turned
to OFF and for ignition key removal in case of a dead
battery or low voltage battery.
1. Verify that the shift lever is in PARK (P).
2. Locate the override
access slot underneath
the steering column
below the lock cylinder.
This vehicle is equipped with an electric shift lock
release system. The shift lock release is designed to
do the following:
D Prevent the ignition key from being removed unless
the shift lever is in PARK (P), and
D prevent movement of the console shift lever
(DTS only) out of PARK (P) unless the ignition is
in a position other than OFF. The shift lock release is
always functional except in the case of a dead battery
or low voltage (less than 9 V) battery.
3. Remove the override access slot cap.
4. Insert a tool into the access slot, press in and hold.
5. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
6. Remove the tool from the slot.
7. Remove the key from the ignition.
8. Reinstall the override access slot cap.
2-32
The following procedure applies only to vehicles
with the console shift lever and is used to shift the
transaxle out of PARK (P) (if the vehicle needs to be
towed, for example) in case of a dead battery or low
voltage battery.
The console shift lock
release is located on the
front of the center console.
3. Remove the shift lock release hole cover by prying it
open with a small diameter tool.
4. Press the shift lock
release toward the
front of the vehicle
and hold it there.
5. While applying the brakes, shift the transaxle from
PARK (P) as needed.
6. Reinstall the shift lock release hole cover and the
rubber mat.
To access the shift lock release, do the following:
1. Verify that the shift lever is in PARK (P).
2. Pull up the rubber mat located on the front of the
center console.
2-33
Parking Brake
The parking brake pedal is
located to the left of the
regular brake pedal, near
the driver’s door.
When you move out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
and the engine is running, the parking brake should
release. If the parking brake has not been fully released
and you try to drive off with the parking brake on, the
BRAKE indicator light will come on and stay on and a
multiple chime will sound.
If the parking brake doesn’t fully release, you can
manually release the pedal. However, be sure to read the
following paragraphs:
CAUTION:
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot and push the parking brake
pedal down with your left foot.
If the ignition is on, the BRAKE indicator light on the
instrument panel cluster should come on. If it doesn’t,
you need to have your vehicle serviced.
2-34
Always shift to PARK (P) before pulling the
manual release lever. If your hand or arm is in
the way of the pedal you could be hurt. The pedal
springs back quickly. Keep your hand and arm
away when you use the manual release lever.
Before releasing the manual parking brake, be sure to put
the vehicle in PARK (P) and turn the ignition to OFF.
Reach under the driver’s side of the instrument panel
and pull down on the manual release lever, which is
located behind the parking brake pedal. Pull down on
the yellow tab as shown by the arrow in the illustration.
If the parking brake does not release, you should have
your vehicle towed to your dealer for service.
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to
replace them and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on a hill, see
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
2-35
Shifting Into PARK (P)
Steering Column Shift Lever (If Equipped)
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
CAUTION:
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. If
you have left the engine running, the vehicle can
move suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even when
you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps that
follow. If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a
Trailer” in the Index.
D Pull the lever toward you.
2-36
Console Shift Lever (If Equipped)
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
D Move the lever up as far as it will go.
3. With your right foot still holding the brake pedal
down, set the parking brake.
4. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) by pushing the
lever all the way toward the front of your vehicle and
then to the left.
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
3. With your right foot still holding the brake pedal
down, set the parking brake.
4. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
2-37
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the
engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the
regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move the
shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pulling it
toward you. If you can, it means that the shift lever
wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
2-38
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” in the Index.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition is ON. See “Automatic Transaxle” in the Index.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease the pressure
on the shift lever. Push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you want. If you ever
hold the pedal down but still can’t shift out of
PARK (P), try the following:
1. Turn the ignition key to ACCESSORY. Open and
close the driver’s door to turn off the RAP feature.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
2-39
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
D Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
D Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
D Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
D Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the road or over road debris.
D Repairs weren’t done correctly.
D Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
D Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
D Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-40
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust.”
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle
even if the fan is at the highest setting. One place
this can happen is a garage. Exhaust -- with
CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See “Blizzard” in the Index.
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake after
you move the shift lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Horn
Press on the pad near the horn symbols to sound
the horn.
Tilt Wheel
A tilt wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel
before you drive. You can raise the steering wheel to the
highest level to give your legs more room when you
enter and exit the vehicle.
The lever that allows you to tilt the steering wheel is
located on the left side of the steering column.
To tilt the wheel, hold the
wheel and pull the lever.
Then move the wheel to a
comfortable position and
release the lever to lock the
wheel in place.
2-41
Power Tilt and Telescopic Wheel
(If Equipped)
The power tilt wheel control
is located on the outboard
side of the steering column.
If the power tilt control is pressed up or down and held
in that position, there will be a slight movement and a
slight pause followed by a continuous movement in the
direction the control is being pressed. This allows very
fine control of the steering wheel position. If the control
is bumped, the steering wheel moves approximately one
degree in the direction commanded.
Push the control forward and the steering wheel moves
toward the front of the vehicle. Push the control rearward
and the steering wheel moves toward the rear of the
vehicle. To set the memory position, see “Vehicle
Programming and Personalization Features” and “Memory
Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel” in the Index.
To operate the power tilt feature, push the control up and
the steering wheel will tilt up. Push the control down
and the steering wheel will go down.
2-42
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
The lever returns automatically when the turn is complete.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the turn or
lane change.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
D
D
D
D
D
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Flash-To-Pass Feature
Windshield Wipers
Windshield Washer
For more information on the exterior lamps, see
“Exterior Lamps” later in this section.
Raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to flash to
signal a lane change. Hold it there until the lane change
is complete. The lever returns when it’s released.
If the turn signal is left on, a warning chime will sound
and the Driver Information Center (DIC) will display
TURN SIGNAL ON after driving about a mile to
remind you to turn it off.
Arrows that flash rapidly when signaling for a turn or
lane change may be caused by a burned out signal bulb.
Other drivers won’t see the turn signal.
Replace burned-out bulbs to help avoid possible
accidents. Check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index) and for burned-out bulbs if the
arrow fails to work when signaling a turn.
2-43
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Windshield Wipers
Push forward to change the headlamps from low beam
to high. Pull the lever back and then release it to change
from high beam to low.
This light on the instrument
panel cluster will be on,
indicating high-beam usage.
Flash-To-Pass
This feature lets you use the high-beam headlamps to
signal the driver in front of you that you want to pass.
Pull and hold the turn signal lever toward you to use.
When you do, the following will occur:
D If the headlamps are either off or in the Daytime
Running Lamps (DRL) mode, the high-beam
headlamps will turn on. They’ll stay on as long as
you hold the lever there. Release the lever to turn
them off.
D If the headlamps are on high beam, they will switch
to low beam. To return to high beam, push the lever
away from you.
2-44
WIPER: Turn the band on the turn signal lever to
control the wipers.
MIST: Turn the band toward you to MIST and then
release it for a single wiping cycle. For more cycles,
hold the band on MIST longer.
LO or HI: Turn the band away from you to either
LO (low speed) or to HI (high speed), depending on
the wiper speed you want.
DELAY: Turn the band to one of the DELAY positions
to set the wiper speed for a long or a short delay
between wipes. The closer you move it to LO, the
shorter the delay.
OFF: Turn the band to OFF to turn off the wipers.
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If the blades do become
damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wiper motor.
A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools.
Clear away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
Rainsense
t II Wipers (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this feature, the moisture sensor is
mounted on the interior side of the windshield behind
the rearview mirror. It is used to automatically operate
the wipers by monitoring the amount of moisture
build-up on the windshield. Wipes occur as needed to
clear the windshield depending on driving conditions
and the sensitivity setting. In light rain or snow, fewer
wipes will occur. In heavy rain or snow, wipes will
occur more frequently. The Rainsense wipers operate in
a delay mode as well as a continuous low or high speed
as needed. If the system is left on for long periods of
time, occasional wipes may occur without any moisture
on the windshield. This is normal and indicates that the
Rainsense system is activated.
The Rainsense system can be activated by turning the
wiper band to one of the five sensitivity levels indicated
on the wiper stalk. The position closest to OFF is the
lowest sensitivity setting, level one. This allows more
rain or snow to collect on the windshield between wipes.
Turning the wiper band away from you to higher
sensitivity levels increases the sensitivity of the system
and frequency of wipes. The highest sensitivity setting,
level five is closest to LO. A single wipe will occur each
time you turn the wiper stalk to a higher sensitivity level
to indicate that the sensitivity level has been increased.
NOTICE:
The wipers must be turned off when going
through a car wash to avoid damage.
2-45
The MIST and wash cycles operate as normal and are
not affected by the Rainsense function. The Rainsense
system can be overridden at any time by manually
turning the wiper band to LO or HI speed.
NOTICE:
Do not place stickers or other items on the
exterior glass surface directly in front of the
moisture sensor. Doing this could cause the
moisture sensor to malfunction.
Windshield Washer
CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
At the top of the turn signal/multifunction lever there is
a paddle with the word PUSH on it. To spray washer
fluid on the windshield, press and release this paddle.
The wipers will clear the windshield and either stop or
return to your preset speed. For more washer cycles,
press and hold the paddle.
CHECK WASHER FLUID will be displayed on the
Driver Information Center (DIC) when the washer fluid
reaches a low level.
2-46
Cruise Control
CAUTION:
D Cruise control can be dangerous where you
D
The buttons to operate cruise control are located on the
steering wheel.
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of
approximately 25 mph (40 km/h) or more without
keeping your foot on the accelerator. This is helpful on
long trips. Cruise control does not work at speeds below
about 25 mph (40 km/h). When cruise control is on, you
will see a CRUISE light on the instrument panel cluster.
can’t drive safely at a steady speed. So,
don’t use your cruise control on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control. Don’t
use cruise control on slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. See “Traction
Control System” in the Index. When road conditions
allow you to safely use it again, you may turn the cruise
control back on.
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control
shuts off.
2-47
Setting Cruise Control
CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you don’t want to. You
could be startled and even lose control. Keep the
cruise control switch off until you want to use
cruise control.
1. Press the CRUISE ON/OFF button, located on the
bottom left of the steering wheel, to turn cruise
control on. An indicator light will come on to show
that the cruise control is on.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Press the SET/CST (coast) button located on the
bottom right of the steering wheel. The CRUISE
light will display on the instrument panel cluster.
4. Remove your foot from the accelerator pedal.
2-48
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This shuts off the cruise
control. But you don’t need to reset it.
Once the vehicle is traveling approximately 25 mph
(40 km/h) or more, you can press the RES/ACC
(resume/accelerate) button to return to your desired
preset speed. The CRUISE light will be displayed again.
The vehicle will return to and stay at your preset speed.
If you press and hold the RES/ACC button, the vehicle
speed will increase until you release the button or apply
the brake. Unless you want to go faster, do not press and
hold the RES/ACC button.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
D Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Press the SET/CST button, then release the button
and the accelerator pedal. You will now cruise at the
higher speed.
D Press the RES/ACC button. Hold it there until you
get up to the speed that you want, and then release
the button. To increase your speed in very small
amounts, briefly press the RES/ACC button and then
release it. Each time you do this, your vehicle will
speed up approximately 1 mph (1.6 km/h).
The accelerate feature will only work after you have set
the cruise control speed by pressing the SET/CST button.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Applying the brake or shifting
into a lower gear will take you out of cruise control. If
you need to apply the brake or shift to a lower gear due
to the grade of the downhill slope, you may not want to
attempt to use your cruise control feature.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
Ending Cruise Control
D Press the SET/CST button until you reach the lower
To turn off the cruise control, step lightly on the brake
pedal, or press the CRUISE ON/OFF button on the
steering wheel.
D To slow down in very small amounts, push the
Erasing Speed Memory
speed you want, then release it.
SET/CST button briefly. Each time you do this,
the vehicle will slow down approximately
1 mph (1.6 km/h).
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
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The exterior lamp control has three positions:
Exterior Lamps
The exterior lamp control is
located to the left of the
steering wheel on the
instrument panel.
: Turning the control to this position turns off all
lamps except the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL).
: Turning the control to this position turns on the
parking lamps together with the following:
D
D
D
D
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
License Plate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
The parking brake indicator light will come on and stay
on when the parking lamps are on with the engine off
and the ignition in ACCESSORY or ON.
: Turn the control with this symbol on it to operate
the exterior lamps.
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: Turning the control to this position turns on
the headlamps, together with the previously listed lamps
and lights.
Wiper-Activated Headlamps
Lamps on Reminder
This feature activates the headlamps and parking lamps
after the windshield wipers have been in use for
approximately six seconds. To operate, the Twilight
SentinelR feature must be turned on. See “Twilight
Sentinel” in the Index for more information.
A warning chime will sound if the exterior lamp control
is left on in either the headlamp or parking lamp position
and the driver’s door is opened with the ignition off.
When the exterior lamp control is in the off position or
in the parking lamp position and the wiper control is on
delay, LO or HI, the HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED
message will appear on the Driver Information
Center (DIC).
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier
for others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully
functional daytime running lamps are required on all
vehicles first sold in Canada.
When the ignition is turned to OFF, the wiper-activated
headlamps will immediately turn off. The wiper-activated
headlamps will also turn off if the Twilight Sentinel or the
windshield wipers are turned off.
Daytime Running Lamps
The DRL system will make the low-beam headlamps
come on at reduced intensity when the following
conditions are met:
D It is still daylight and the ignition is on,
D the exterior lamp control is in the off position and
D the transaxle is not in PARK (P).
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When DRL are on, only your high-beam headlamps
(at reduced brightness) will be on. No other exterior
lamps such as the parking lamps, taillamps, etc. will be
on when the DRL are being used. Your instrument panel
won’t be lit up either.
When the Twilight SentinelRlever is on and it’s dark
enough outside, the high-beam headlamps (at reduced
intensity) will turn off and normal low-beam headlamp
operation will occur. When the Twilight Sentinel lever is
on and it’s bright enough outside, the regular lamps
will go off, and the high-beam headlamps at reduced
brightness will take over.
If it’s dark enough outside and the Twilight Sentinel
lever is off, a HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message
will display on the Driver’s Information Center (DIC).
This message informs the driver that turning on the
exterior lamps is recommended even though the
DRL are still illuminated.
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Turning on the Twilight Sentinel or the headlamps will
deactivate the DRL and remove the HEADLAMPS
SUGGESTED message. If the parking lamps or the
fog lamps were turned on instead, the DRL will still
deactivate and the HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED
message will continue to be displayed.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off at night, turn
off the Twilight Sentinel and shift the transaxle into
PARK (P). Placing your vehicle in PARK (P) disables
the DRL. The DRL will stay off until you shift out
of PARK (P).
To drive your vehicle with the DRL off, turn off the
Twilight Sentinel and manually turn on the parking
lamps or fog lamps (if equipped).
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
Fog Lamps (If Equipped)
Press the button again to turn them off.
Use the fog lamps for better vision in foggy or
misty conditions.
If you turn on the high-beam headlamps, the fog
lamps will turn off. They’ll turn back on again when
you switch to low-beam headlamps.
The fog lamp button is
located to the left of the
steering wheel on the
instrument panel.
When the Twilight SentinelR is on and the fog lamps are
turned on, the fog lamps, headlamps and parking lamps
will remain on.
The ignition must be on for the fog lamps to operate.
Cornering Lamps
The cornering lamps come on when the headlamps
or parking lamps are on and you signal a turn with
the multifunction lever. They provide more light
for cornering.
When you press the fog lamp button, a fog lamp symbol
in the button and the fog lamp light on the instrument
panel cluster will come on to indicate that the fog lamps
and the parking lamps are on.
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Twilight SentinelR
This lever is located next
to the exterior lamp control.
It automatically turns the
lamps on and off by sensing
how dark it is outside.
To operate the Twilight Sentinel, leave the exterior lamp
control in the off position and move the TWILIGHT
lever to any position but OFF.
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If you move the lever all the way to the right, the lamps
will remain on for approximately three minutes after the
ignition has been turned to OFF. If you move the lever
so it is barely on, the lamps will go off quickly when
you turn the ignition switch out of OFF. You can
adjust the delay time from only a few seconds to
about three minutes.
If it’s dark enough outside and the Twilight Sentinel
lever is off, a HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message
will display on the Driver Information Center (DIC).
This message informs the driver that turning on the
exterior lamps is recommended (it’s become dark
enough outside to require the headlamps and/or
other exterior lamps). Turning on the Twilight
Sentinel or turning the exterior lamp control to the
headlamp position will remove the HEADLAMPS
SUGGESTED message.
Light Sensor
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver
If the manual parking lamps or headlamps have been
left on, the exterior lamps will turn off approximately
ten minutes after the ignition is turned to OFF. This
protects against draining the battery in case you have
accidentally left the headlamps or parking lamps on.
The battery saver does not work if the headlamps are
turned on after the ignition switch is turned to OFF.
If you need to leave the lamps on for more than
10 minutes, use the exterior lamp control to turn the
lamps back on. To delay the lamps from turning off,
see “Twilight Sentinel” in the Index.
The light sensor for the DRL and the Twilight Sentinel
is located in the center of the front defogger grille. If
you cover the sensor, it will read “dark” and the exterior
lamps or the HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message
will be on whenever the ignition is on.
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Interior Lamps
Courtesy Lamps
Instrument Panel Brightness Knob
The courtesy lamps are located on the headliner above
the rear seat. These lamps come on by turning the
instrument panel brightness knob fully clockwise or
when any door is opened and it is dark outside. Puddle
lamps are located on the bottom of the front and rear
door trim.
This feature controls the brightness of the instrument
panel lights.
The knob for this feature is
located to the right of the
Twilight Sentinel lever.
Press the knob to release it to the outward position.
Turn the knob clockwise to brighten the lights or
counterclockwise to dim them. Press the knob to
return it to the original storage position.
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Illuminated Entry
The illuminated entry system turns on the courtesy
lamps and the backlighting to the door switches and to
the exterior lamp control when a door is opened or if
you press the remote keyless entry transmitter unlock
button. If activated due to the transmitter, the lighting
will remain active for about 40 seconds. Since the
illuminated entry system uses the light sensor, it must be
dark outside in order for the courtesy lamps to turn on.
The courtesy lamps turn off approximately 25 seconds
after the last door is closed. They will dim to off if the
ignition key is placed in ON, or immediately deactivate
if the power locks are activated.
Parade Dimming
Reading Lamps
This feature prohibits dimming of the digital displays
and backlighting during daylight hours when the key is
in the ignition and the headlamps are on. This feature
operates with the light sensor for the Twilight Sentinel
and is fully automatic. When the light sensor reads
darkness outside and the parking lamps are active, the
digital displays can be adjusted by turning the
instrument panel brightness knob counterclockwise to
dim and clockwise to brighten lighting.
The reading lamps are located on the overhead console
on the headliner and in the rear door opening. These
lamps come on automatically when any door is opened
and it is dark outside.
For manual operation, press the button to turn them on.
Press it again to turn them off.
If the reading lamps are left on, they automatically shut
off 10 minutes after the ignition has been turned off.
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Battery Load Management
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver
The battery load management feature is designed to
monitor the vehicle’s electrical load and determine when
the battery is in a heavy discharge condition. During
times of high electrical loading, the engine may idle
at a higher revolutions per minute (rpm) setting than
normal to make sure the battery charges. High electrical
loads may occur when several of the following are
on: headlamps, high beams, fog lamps, rear window
defogger, the climate control fan at high speeds,
heated seats and engine cooling fans.
This feature is designed to protect your vehicle’s
battery against drainage from the interior lamps, trunk
lamp, glove box lamp, cigarette lighters or the garage
door opener. When the ignition is turned off, the
power to these features will automatically turn off after
10 minutes (three minutes if a new car has 15 miles
(24 km) or less). Power will be restored for an additional
10 minutes if any door is opened, the trunk is opened or
the courtesy lamp switch is turned on.
If the battery continues to discharge, even with the
engine idling at a higher rpm setting, some electrical
loads will automatically be reduced. When this occurs,
the rear window defogger may take slightly longer to
clear the glass, the heated seats may not get as warm as
they usually do and the fan may cut back to a lower
speed. For more battery saving information, see “Battery
Saver Active Message” in the Index.
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Mirrors
Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror
with Compass
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar
material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray
glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause the
liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.
Mirror Operation
To turn on the automatic dimming feature, press
and hold the on/off button for about three seconds.
To turn off automatic dimming, press and hold the
on/off button for about three seconds again. The
indicator light will illuminate when this feature is active.
The automatic dimming feature is active each time the
vehicle is started.
Your vehicle has an electrochromic inside rearview
mirror with a compass. Your vehicle’s mirror also
contains OnStarR controls. For more information about
OnStar, see “OnStar” in the Index.
(On/Off): This is the on/off button, located on the
lower left side of the mirror for the electrochromic and
compass functions of the rearview mirror.
The mirror also includes an eight-point compass
display in the upper right corner of the mirror face.
When on, the compass automatically calibrates as the
vehicle is driven.
Compass Operation
Press the on/off button once to turn the compass
on or off.
When the ignition and the compass feature are on, the
compass will show two character boxes for
approximately two seconds. After two seconds, the
mirror will display the compass heading.
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Compass Calibration
Compass Variance
If after two seconds, the display does not show a
compass heading (N for North, for example), there may
be a strong magnetic field interfering with the compass.
Such interference may be caused by a magnetic antenna
mount, magnetic note pad holder or a similar magnetic
item. If the letter C should ever appear in the compass
window, the compass may need calibration.
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the factory.
It will be necessary to adjust the compass to compensate
for compass variance if you live outside zone eight.
Under certain circumstances, as during a long distance
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust for
compass variance. Compass variance is the difference
between earth’s magnetic north and true geographic
north. If not adjusted to account for compass variance,
your compass could give false readings.
The mirror can be calibrated by driving the vehicle in
circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the display
reads a direction.
The compass can be placed in calibration mode by
pressing and holding the on/off button until a C is
shown in the compass display.
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To adjust for compass variance, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance zone number
on the following zone map.
2. Press and hold the on/off button until a zone number
appears in the display.
Power Remote Control Mirror
The control on the driver’s
door armrest operates both
outside rearview mirrors.
Press (R) on the selector switch to choose the right
mirror or (L) to choose the left mirror. The center
position is off and will not move the mirrors if the
control pad is touched.
3. Once the zone number appears in the display, press
the on/off button quickly until the correct zone
number appears in the display. Stop pressing the
button and the mirror will return to normal
operation. If C appears in the compass window, the
compass may need calibration. See “Compass
Calibration” listed previously.
To adjust the mirror, press the arrows on the control pad
in the direction you want the mirror to go. Adjust each
mirror so you can see the side of your vehicle and the
area behind your vehicle.
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The mirrors can be manually folded inward to prevent
damage when going through an automatic car wash. To
fold, push the mirror toward the vehicle. To return the
mirror to its original position, push outward. Be sure to
return both mirrors to their original unfolded position
before driving.
The mirrors can also be programmed for personalization
and parallel parking feature if you have the optional
memory package. For more information, see “Memory
Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel” and “Vehicle
Programming and Personalization Features” in
the Index.
Driver’s Outside Auto-Dimming
Rearview Mirror
The driver’s side outside mirror will adjust for the glare
of headlamps behind you. This feature is controlled by
the on and off settings on the electrochromic mirror.
See “Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror with
Compass” in the Index.
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Curb View Assist Mirror (If Equipped)
If your vehicle is equipped with memory mirrors, it
will also be capable of performing the curb view assist
mirror feature. This feature will cause the passenger’s
mirror to tilt to a preselected position when the vehicle
is in REVERSE (R). This feature may be useful
in allowing you to view the curb when you are
parallel parking.
When the vehicle is shifted out of REVERSE (R) and a
five-second delay has occurred, the passenger’s mirror
will return to its original position.
If further adjustment is needed after the mirror is tilted,
the mirror switch may be used.
This feature can be enabled/disabled through the
Driver Information Center. See “Vehicle Programming
and Personalization Features” in the Index for
more information.
Convex Outside Mirror
Storage Compartments
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
Glove Box
CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
Heated Outside Mirrors
The glove box is located in front of the passenger’s seat.
To lock the glove box door, insert the master key into
the lock cylinder and turn it clockwise. Turn the key
counterclockwise to unlock the door.
Front Storage Area (If Equipped)
The front storage area comes with a coinholder, a
storage compartment for CDs or tapes, an optional
cellular telephone and a dual cupholder.
Map Pocket
The map/storage pockets are located on each front door
and on the rear door trim as well as on the back of both
front seatbacks.
When you operate the rear window defogger, it also
warms both outside mirrors to help clear them of fog
or ice. See “Rear Window Defogger” in the Index for
more information.
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Center Instrument Panel Compartment
(If Equipped)
To open the console, pull up on either lever to open the
upper or lower storage area.
This storage compartment is located in the center of the
instrument panel below the radio. Pull the door out to
reveal the accessory power outlet and storage
compartment. To clean the storage compartment, lift out
while pulling on the sides.
There is also a removable coinholder that attaches to
the side of one of the bins. A dual cupholder is located
in front of the console. Open and close by pressing on
the cupholder.
Center Console Storage (If Equipped)
Your vehicle is equipped with a rear seat armrest which
includes an open storage compartment and a dual
cupholder. To open, release the latch at the front edge.
The center console comes with a storage tray, a storage
compartment for CDs or tapes, a dual cupholder that
unfolds, a coinholder, an optional phone and an armrest.
The cupholder can be opened by pressing on the surface
panel located in front of the armrest and unfolding it.
Close the lid to secure it.
Full Floor Console Storage (If Equipped)
The full floor console has an upper and lower storage
area. The upper storage area is available for the optional
cellular telephone. The lower storage area has
two removable bins that can hold tapes and/or CDs.
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Rear Storage Center Armrest
Rear Storage Door Trim Armrest
(If Equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a rear storage door
trim armrest. The storage area is located in the rear door
trim under the switch plate lid and includes an accessory
power outlet.
Center Flex Storage Unit (If Equipped)
When not being used, the center seat lap belt can be
stored in the underseat storage compartment as shown.
Your vehicle may be equipped with a center flex storage
unit that includes a front center seat with a lap belt and
an underseat storage compartment. The center seatback
can also be used as a fold down armrest with extra space
for CDs or tapes. An optional cellular telephone is
located in the underseat storage compartment.
Cupholders are also located at the front edge of the
storage unit and can be accessed by pulling the strap
and folding the compartment forward.
Convenience Net
The convenience net attaches to the floor of the trunk.
Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net. It can
help keep them from falling over during sharp turns or
quick starts and stops.
The net is not for larger, heavier loads. Store them in the
trunk as far forward as you can. When not using the net,
hook the net to the tabs securing it to the sill plate.
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Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
Cigarette Lighter
NOTICE:
NOTICE:
Don’t put papers or other flammable items
into your ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or other
smoking materials could ignite them, causing a
damaging fire.
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating. If you do, it won’t be able to
back away from the heating element when it’s
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
Front Ashtray
With the full floor console, the ashtray is located
below the climate control system. To open, push down
on the cover. To clean the ashtray, lift it out by gripping
the sides.
For vehicles without the floor console, pull the tray
located below the radio to reveal the ashtray. The
ashtray can be removed for cleaning.
Rear Ashtray
The ashtrays are located on the door armrests. To use an
ashtray, lift the lid.
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The front cigarette lighter is located near the ashtray.
The rear cigarette lighters are located in the door
armrests next to the ashtrays.
Press the lighter all the way in and release it. It will pop
back out by itself once the element has heated for use.
Cigarette lighters can be used to provide electrical
power to accessories. See “Accessory Power Outlets” in
the Index for more information.
Sun Visors
Rear Power Sunshade (If Equipped)
Swing down the primary visor to block out glare. It can
also be detached from the center mount and moved to
the side while the auxiliary sunshade remains to block
the glare from the front. The visors also have
side-to-side slide capability.
The rear power sunshade helps to reduce the amount of
heat and light entering the rear window.
The driver’s sunshade is also equipped with a
storage flap.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror
Pull the visor down and lift the cover. Move the slide
switch up or down to brighten or dim the lamp.
Lighted Rear Vanity Mirror (If Equipped)
Pull the vanity cover down to see the mirror. Move the
slide switch up or down to brighten or dim the lamps.
The rear power sunshade is located in the rear shelf.
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The rear power sunshade switch only works when the
ignition is on or when the Retained Accessory Power is
active. See “Retained Accessory Power” in the Index.
To raise the power sunshade, press and release the
REAR SHADE switch located on the front overhead
console. To close the power sunshade, press and release
the REAR SHADE switch again.
Never store objects on the rear shelf because they
may get caught in the sunshade or be tossed about
in your vehicle.
Manual Rear Side Door Sunshade
(If Equipped)
To use the manual rear side door sunshades, lower the
side windows and hook the top edge of the retractable
sunshades over the edge of the windows and raise the
windows. To remove the shades, lower the windows and
the hooks will disengage automatically.
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Accessory Power Outlets
Your vehicle is equipped with accessory power outlets.
The outlets can be used to plug in electrical equipment
such as a cellular telephone, CB radio, etc.
If you have a vehicle with a center storage compartment
located on the instrument panel, you may have an
accessory power outlet in the storage drawer. There is
also an outlet on the front passenger’s seat near the
umbrella tray.
There are two accessory power outlets in the rear seat
area located on the door armrests next to the ashtrays.
Remove the cigarette lighters to access the outlets.
Your vehicle may have a small cap that must be
removed to access the accessory power outlet. If it does,
when not using the outlet be sure to cover it with the
protective cap.
The accessory power outlet will only operate when the
ignition is in ACCESSORY or ON and for 10 minutes
after turning the ignition OFF. If you would like the
accessory power outlet to operate regardless of ignition
position, and for extended periods of time, see your
dealer for more information.
NOTICE:
When using accessory power outlets:
D Maximum load of any electrical equipment
should not exceed the maximum amperage
for the outlet.
D Be sure to turn off any electrical equipment
when not in use. Leaving electrical
equipment on for extended periods can
drain the battery.
Certain accessory power plugs may not be compatible to
the accessory power outlet and could result in blown
vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a problem see
your dealer for additional information on the accessory
power outlets.
NOTICE:
Adding some electrical equipment to your vehicle
can damage it or keep other things from working
as they should. This wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Check with your dealer before adding
electrical equipment, and never use anything that
exceeds the fuse rating.
Follow the proper installation instructions that are
included with any electrical equipment you install.
NOTICE:
Power outlets are designed for accessory plugs
only. Do not hang any type of accessory or
accessory bracket from the plug. Improper use of
the accessory power outlets can cause damage not
covered by your warranty.
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Cellular Telephone (Option)
With this option, your vehicle has been prewired for
dealer installation of a portable cellular telephone
system. The system has steering wheel telephone
controls and information output through the Driver
Information Center (DIC). Voice activation with remote
record and hands-free operation are standard features.
For more information, contact your dealer. A user’s
guide is provided with the telephone.
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
OnStar is a vehicle communications system that
offers a variety of services and provides a one-touch
hands-free communication link between you and the
OnStar Center. To receive OnStar services, a service
subscription agreement is required and an additional
fee may be required. Services are available 24 hours a
day, 7 days a week. For more information,
call 1-888-ONSTAR-7 (1-888-667-8277).
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OnStar Services Button: Press this button once
to contact an advisor who will be able to assist you with
these services. If you are not quickly connected, the
system will automatically reset and redial. This ensures
connection to the center; there is no additional action
required. Press the Communication button to cancel the
automatic redial.
Emergency Button: In an emergency situation,
press the emergency service button. Upon receiving the
call, an advisor at the center will locate your vehicle and
assess the situation. If necessary, the advisor will alert
the nearest emergency service provider.
Communication Button: Press this button at the
end of a call. Also press this button to answer a call
from the center, or cancel a call if one of the other
buttons is accidentally pressed. This button is also is
also used to access OnStar Personal Calling and Virtual
Advisor services. See the OnStar owner package for
more information.
The light will be red in the event of an OnStar system
malfunction. If this occurs press the OnStar Services
button to attempt to contact an advisor. If the connection
is made, the advisor will assist you with steps to take to
make sure that the system is functioning properly. If you
cannot contact the advisor, take your vehicle to your
dealership as soon as possible for assistance.
Volume Control: You can control the volume of the
OnStar System using the steering wheel controls.
Cellular Antenna
Telltale Light: This light will indicate the status of
the system. A solid green light will come on when you
start the vehicle to let you know that the system is on
and is ready to make or receive calls.
The cellular antenna on the outside of your vehicle is
critical to effective communication using the OnStar
system. Optimum cellular reception can be obtained
when the mast is straight up and down.
If the light blinks green it means that an incoming or
outgoing call is in progress. Press the Communication
button if you notice the light blinking and you are not
on a call.
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OnStar Services
The following services are available within OnStar
service plans. Your vehicle comes with a specific
one-year service plan that allows use of some or all of
the following services.
Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment: If an
air bag deploys, a priority emergency signal is
automatically sent to the center. An advisor will locate
your vehicle’s position, try to contact you and assist you
in the situation. If the center is unable to contact you, an
emergency service provider will be contacted.
Stolen Vehicle Tracking: Call the center at
1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827) to report your
vehicle stolen. The system can then attempt to locate
and track your vehicle and the advisor will assist the
proper authorities.
Roadside Assistance with Location: For vehicle
breakdowns, press the OnStar Services button. An
advisor will contact the appropriate help.
Remote Diagnostics: If an instrument panel light comes
on, press the OnStar Services button. An advisor can
perform a check of the engine on-board computer, and
recommend what action needs to be taken.
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OnStar MED-NET: Med-Net can store your personal
medical history and provide it to emergency personnel if
necessary. (Requires activation and additional fee).
Accident Assist: An advisor can provide step-by-step
guidance following an accident.
Remote Door Unlock: To contact the center, call
1-888-4-ONSTAR. You will be required to provide
your security information. An advisor will send a
command to your vehicle to unlock itself. The advisor
can delay unlocking your vehicle. Remote Door Unlock
is disabled 48 hours after the vehicle is parked to
maintain the battery charge.
Vehicle Locator Service: To contact the center, call
1-888-4-ONSTAR. You will be required to provide your
security information. An advisor will send a command
to your vehicle to sound the horn and/or flash the lamps.
Route Support: An advisor can provide directions or
guidance to anywhere you want to go. In addition, they
can help you locate gas stations, rest areas, ATMs,
hospitals, hotels, stores, eateries and more.
Ride Assist: An advisor can locate transportation in the
event that you are unable to drive.
Concierge Services: The concierge advisor can obtain
tickets, reservations, or help with vacation/trip planning
and other unique items and services.
Complete limitations can be found on the Subscriber
Services Agreement.
providers. OnStar will receive your call and use
reasonable effort to contact an appropriate provider.
OnStar cannot promise that the providers will respond in
a timely manner or at all.
In order to provide you with excellent service, calls with
the OnStar Center may be monitored or recorded.
Assist Handles
OnStar service is:
A handle above each door can be used when getting out
of your vehicle.
OnStar System Limitations
D available in the 48 contiguous United States, Alaska,
Hawaii and Canada;
D available when the vehicle is within the operating
range of a cellular provider;
D subject to limitations caused by atmospheric
conditions, such as severe weather or topographical
conditions, such as mountainous terrain;
D subject to cellular carrier equipment limitations.
Global positioning locating capabilities will not be
available if satellite signals are obstructed.
OnStar will not function if the vehicle’s battery is
discharged or disconnected. It may also be inoperative if
the vehicle is in an accident and the OnStar or vehicle
electrical system components are damaged.
OnStar is the communication link between you and
existing governmental emergency and roadside service
Garment Hooks
Your vehicle is equipped with flip-out garment hooks.
They are located above the rear doors, behind the rear
assist handles. Return them to the stowed position when
not in use.
Umbrella Holder
The driver’s and passenger’s front seat cushion is
equipped with an umbrella holder. Gently slide the
umbrella into the slot located under the front portion of
the driver’s or passenger’s seat cushion.
Floor Mats
Your vehicle is equipped with rubber-backed front and
rear floor mats. Keep them clean by vacuuming and
using a spot cleaner, if necessary. Do not machine wash.
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Sunroof (Option)
Press and release the ROOF switch rearward to the
second position to express-open the glass panel to
the comfort stop position, approximately half-way
open. The comfort stop position is designed to help
reduce noise and make the rear seat passengers
more comfortable.
The glass panel may then be fully opened by pressing
the ROOF switch again.
If you press and hold the ROOF switch in the
express-open position for more than one second, the
express-open operation will be over-ridden and the
sunroof will stop when the switch is released.
To stop the glass panel when express opening, press
the the ROOF or VENT switch forward or rearward
and release.
The two switches that operate the sunroof are located on
the overhead console and include VENT, ROOF, open
and close.
Press and hold the ROOF switch rearward to the first
position to open the glass panel and sunshade. The
sunshade also can be opened or closed manually. To
close the glass panel, press and hold the ROOF switch
forward. As the sunroof reaches the closed position, it
will open slightly toward the vent position and then drop
down to the closed position to provide a better seal.
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To vent the glass panel, press and hold the VENT switch
in the open position. The sunshade must be opened
manually when using the vent position. To close the
glass panel, press and hold the VENT switch in the
close position.
The ROOF and VENT switches work only when the
ignition is on or when RAP is active. See “Retained
Accessory Power” in the Index.
HomeLinkR Transmitter
(If Equipped)
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Programming the HomeLink Transmitter
Do not use the HomeLink Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
feature. This includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door you are programming.
It is recommended that a new battery be installed in
your hand-held transmitter for quicker and more
accurate transmission of the radio frequency.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference, including interference
that may cause undesired operation of the device.
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. Decide which one of the three channels (one of the
HomeLink buttons) you want to program.
2. Press and hold the desired button on HomeLink
through Step 3.
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3. When the HomeLink indicator light begins to blink
slowly (this may take up to 30 seconds), hold the
hand-held transmitter about 1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm)
away from HomeLink and then press and hold the
transmit button on the hand-held transmitter.
Continue to hold both buttons until the indicator
light on HomeLink begins to flash rapidly (this may
take up to 90 seconds).
If you have trouble programming HomeLink, make
sure that you have followed the directions exactly as
described and that the battery in the hand-held
transmitter is not weak. If you still cannot program it,
move the hand-held transmitter to the left or right or
forward or backward or flip it upside down. HomeLink
may not work with older garage door openers that do
not meet current Federal Consumer Safety Standards.
If you cannot program the transmitter after repeated
attempts, refer to “Training a Garage Door Opener with
Rolling Codes” later in this section or contact the
manufacturer of HomeLink at 1-800-355-3515, or
on the internet at www.homelink.com.
Be sure to keep the original hand-held transmitter in
case you need to erase and reprogram HomeLink.
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Operating the HomeLink Transmitter
Press and hold the appropriate button on HomeLink for
at least half of a second. The indicator light will come
on while the signal is being transmitted.
Training a Garage Door Opener with a
“Rolling Code” Feature (If Equipped)
If you have not previously programmed the hand-held
transmitter to HomeLink, see “Programming the
HomeLink Transmitter” listed previously. If you have
completed this programming already, you now need to
train the garage door opener motor head unit to
recognize HomeLink.
1. Find the “Learn” or “Smart” button on the
garage door opener motor head unit. The exact
location and color will vary by garage door opener
brand. If you have difficulty finding the “Learn” or
“Smart” button, refer to your garage door opener
owner’s manual or contact the manufacturer of
HomeLink at 1-800-355-3515, or on the internet
at www.homelink.com.
Because of the steps involved, it may be helpful
to have another person assist in programming
the transmitter.
2. Press the “Learn” or “Smart” button on the garage
door opener motor head unit. An indicator light will
begin to flash when the motor head unit enters the
training mode.
Following this step, you have 30 seconds to
start Step 3.
3. Return to HomeLink in your vehicle and firmly
press and release the programmed HomeLink
button three times.
The rolling-code garage door opener should now
recognize HomeLink. You may either use HomeLink or
the hand-held transmitter to open the garage door.
If after following these instructions, you still have
problems training the garage door opener, contact the
manufacturer of HomeLink at 1-800-355-3515, or
on the internet at www.homelink.com.
Canadian Programming
Erasing Channels
To erase all three programmed channels, hold down the
two outside buttons until the indicator light begins to
flash (approximately 20 seconds). Release both buttons.
Resetting Defaults
To reset HomeLink to default settings, hold down the
two outside buttons until the indicator light begins to
flash (approximately 20 seconds). Continue to hold both
buttons until the HomeLink indicator light turns off and
then release both buttons.
Accessories
Accessories for the HomeLink Transmitter are available
from the manufacturer of the unit. If you would like
additional information, please contact the manufacturer
of HomeLink at 1-800-355-3515, or on the internet
at www.homelink.com.
Canadian Owners: During programming, the hand-held
transmitter may automatically stop transmitting after two
seconds. In this case, you should press and hold the
HomeLink button (see Steps 2 and 3 under
“Programming the HomeLink Transmitter”) while you
press and re-press (cycle) your hand-held transmitter
every two seconds until HomeLink is trained.
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The Instrument Panel -- Your Information System
2-78
The main components of the instrument panel are the following:
A. Air Outlets
I. Night Vision Controls (Option)
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
J. Hood Release
C. HVAC Steering Wheel Controls
(or Cellular Telephone Controls, If Equipped)
K. Cruise Control
D. Instrument Panel Cluster
M. Cruise Control
E. Audio Steering Wheel Controls
N. Radio
F. Driver Information Center (DIC) Buttons
O. Ashtray
G. Climate Controls
P. Glove Box
L. Horn
H. Exterior Lamp Controls
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Digital Cluster
The instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using and many of the other things you’ll need to know to drive safely
and economically.
United States version shown, Canada similar
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Analog Cluster (If Equipped)
United States version shown, Canada similar
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Speedometer and Odometer
The speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). The
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (used in the United States) or kilometers
(used in Canada).
You may wonder what happens if a vehicle has to have a
new odometer installed. The new one may read the
correct mileage. This is because your vehicle’s computer
has stored the mileage in memory.
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer can record the number of miles or
kilometers traveled for up to two trips.
The trip odometer button is
located to the left of the
steering wheel on the
instrument panel.
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The two trip modes are indicated by Trip A and Trip B.
In order to change from one mode to the other, press the
A/B portion of the TRIP button.
By pressing the bottom of this button, you can tell how
many miles have been recorded on either Trip A or
Trip B since you last set the odometer back to zero.
Press the RESET part of the button until zeros appear to
reset each trip mode.
If your vehicle is first sold in the United States,
the trip odometer will return to zero after 999.9 miles
(1 609 km). If your vehicle is first sold in Canada, the
trip odometer will return to zero after 1 999.9 km
(1,242 miles). The RESET TRIP A/B button only resets
the trip mode (A or B) that is being displayed. Each trip
mode must be reset individually.
Display Mode
On vehicles equipped with the analog cluster, this button
is located between the trip odometer and ENG/MET
button to the left of the steering wheel on the instrument
panel. Press DSPL MODE to turn the backlighting and
the digital speed image on and off.
On vehicles equipped with the digital cluster, press
DSPL MODE to turn the digital displays other than the
speedometer and gear display on and off.
English/Metric Button
By pressing this button
located to the left of the
steering wheel on the
instrument panel, you
can go back and forth
from English (miles) to
metric (kilometers).
Other readings such as temperature, fuel and trip
odometer also go back and forth between English
and metric.
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Vehicle Speed Limiter
This feature prevents your vehicle from exceeding
speeds that the tires are not rated for. When this
happens, the engine’s fuel supply is shut off. When the
vehicle speed slows, the fuel supply will come on again.
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in
the shaded area or engine damage may occur.
Tachometer (Analog Cluster Only)
Engine Speed Limiter
This gage indicates the
engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
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This feature prevents the engine from operating at too
many revolutions per minute (rpm). When the engine’s
rpm are critically high, the fuel supply to the engine
is shut off. When the engine speed slows, the fuel
supply will come on again. This helps prevent damage
to the engine.
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle also has a Driver Information Center (DIC)
that works along with the warning lights and gages. See
“Driver Information Center (DIC)” in the Index for
more information.
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Safety Belt Reminder Light
Air Bag Readiness Light
When the key is turned to ON or START, a chime will
come on for about eight seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts.
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG or the air bag symbol.
The system checks the air bag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. The system check includes the air bag sensors,
the air bag modules, the wiring and the crash sensing
and diagnostic module. For more information on the air
bag system, see “Air Bag” in the Index.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for about 70 seconds. If the
driver’s belt is already
buckled, the light will come
on briefly, but the chime
will not sound.
United States
Canada
This light will come on when you start your vehicle, and
it will flash for a few seconds. Then the light should go
out. This means the system is ready.
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If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle
serviced right away if the air bag readiness light
stays on after you start your vehicle.
Charging System Light
When you turn the key to
ON or START, this light
will come on briefly to
show that the generator and
battery charging systems are
working properly.
If this light stays on, you need service and you should
take your vehicle to the dealer at once. To save your
battery until you get there, turn off all accessories.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to ON. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
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Brake System Warning and Parking Brake
Indicator Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
This light should come on
briefly when you turn the
ignition key to ON. If it
doesn’t come on then,
have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there’s
a problem.
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If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. See “Towing Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
Traction Control System Warning Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, the light(s) will
come on when your engine
is started and may stay
on for several seconds.
That’s normal.
United States
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to OFF. Or, if the
light comes on when you’re driving, stop as soon as
possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine
again to reset the system. If the light still stays on, or
comes on again while you’re driving, your vehicle needs
service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t
on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock
brakes. If the regular brake system warning light is also
on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a
problem with your regular brakes. See “Brake System
Warning Light” earlier in this section.
Canada (Analog Only)
This warning light should come on briefly when the
engine is started.
If the warning light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed
so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem. If it
stays on, or comes on when you’re driving, there may
be a problem with your traction control system and
your vehicle may need service. When this warning light
is on, the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to ON. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
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The traction control system warning light may come on
for the following reasons:
D If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning light will come on.
D If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off and
the warning light will come on.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
This light tells you that your
engine has overheated. As a
check, the light should
come on for a few seconds
when you start your engine.
If this light comes on and stays on, you should stop your
vehicle and turn the engine off as soon as possible. A
warning chime should also sound if this light comes on.
See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
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This gage shows
the engine coolant
temperature. If the gage
pointer moves into the
shaded area, the engine
is too hot.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
Digital Cluster
United States
(Analog Only)
Canada
(Analog Only)
That reading means the same thing as the warning
light -- the engine coolant has overheated. See “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
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Malfunction Indicator Lamp (Service
Engine Soon Light in the United States
or Check Engine Light in Canada)
United States
Canada (Analog Only)
Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which
monitors operation of the fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
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This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to assure
that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life of the
vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment. The
SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light
comes on to indicate that there is a problem and service is
required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the
system before any problem is apparent. This may prevent
more serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
NOTICE:
Modifications made to the engine, transaxle,
exhaust, intake or fuel system of your vehicle or
the replacement of the original tires with other
than those of the same Tire Performance Criteria
(TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission controls
and may cause the SERVICE ENGINE SOON or
CHECK ENGINE light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to
costly repairs not covered by your warranty. This
may also result in a failure to pass a required
Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
D Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
D Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
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If the Light Is Flashing
If the Light Is On Steady
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
D
D
D
D
Reducing vehicle speed.
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
Avoiding hard accelerations.
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been
left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel
cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A
few driving trips with the cap properly installed should
turn the light off.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service center for service.
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Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Are you low on fuel?
As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine may
not run as efficiently as designed since small amounts of
air are sucked into the fuel line causing a misfire. The
system can detect this. Adding fuel should correct this
condition. Make sure to install the fuel cap properly. See
“Filling Your Tank” in the Index. It will take a few
driving trips to turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See
“Fuel” in the Index. Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you
put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the light
to turn on.
Some state/provincial and local governments have
or may begin programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass
this inspection could prevent you from getting a
vehicle registration.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Here are some things you need to know in order to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light is
on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen if
you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is designed
to evaluate critical emission control systems during
normal driving. This may take several days of routine
driving. If you have done this and your vehicle still does
not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system
readiness, see your dealer or qualified service center to
prepare the vehicle for inspection.
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Oil Pressure Light
This light tells you if there
could be a problem with
your engine oil pressure.
CAUTION:
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low.
If you do, your engine can become so hot that
it catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costly and is not covered by
your warranty.
2-96
The light goes on when you turn your key to ON or
START. It goes off once you start your engine. That’s a
check to be sure the light works. If it doesn’t come on,
be sure to have it fixed so it will be there to warn you if
something goes wrong.
When the light comes on and stays on, it means that
oil isn’t flowing through your engine properly. You
could be low on oil and you might have some other
system problem.
Security Light
Lights On Reminder
For information regarding
this light, see “Theft
Deterrent-System” in
the Index.
United States
Fog Lamp Light (If Equipped)
This light will come on
when the fog lamps are in
use. It will go out when the
fog lamps are turned off.
For more information about
the fog lamps, see “Fog
Lamps” in the Index.
Canada
(Analog Only)
This light comes on whenever the parking lamps are on
so that you know that your exterior lamps are on.
Cruise Control Light
This light comes on
whenever the cruise control
system is in use. It will go
out when the system is
turned off. See “Cruise
Control” in the Index for
more information.
2-97
The fuel gage shows approximately how much fuel is in
the tank. It works only when the ignition is in ON.
Fuel Gage
If the fuel supply gets down to approximately three U.S.
gallons (11.4 L) of fuel remaining in the tank, the FUEL
LEVEL LOW message will appear on the Driver
Information Center (DIC) and a single chime will sound.
On the digital cluster, if the fuel is less than
approximately 1.2 U.S. gallons (4.7 L) the E segment
on the gage will flash. The fuel range on the Driver
Information Center (DIC) will display “LO.”
Analog (United States)
Analog (Canada)
Here are a few concerns some owners have had about
the fuel gage. All of these situations are normal and do
not indicate that anything is wrong with the fuel gage:
D At the gas station the gas pump shuts off before the
gage reads full.
D GAL FUEL USED on the DIC does not correspond
exactly to the amount of fuel remaining as shown on
the fuel gage.
D The gage may change when you turn, stop quickly or
accelerate quickly.
Digital
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Fuel Data Display (Digital Cluster)
The fuel data display
tells you all you about
the fuel economy and
how far you can travel
with the fuel remaining.
The RANGE display shows how far the computer thinks
you can travel with the fuel that is in the tank. The
computer does not know what driving conditions will be
like for the rest of your trip, so the range is estimated
based on the recent fuel economy. Therefore, the range
reading may change as your driving habits change.
Going from city to highway driving may increase the
range reading.
The FUEL LEVEL LOW message will be displayed
in the Driver Information Center (DIC) and a chime
will sound when there is approximately 3 U.S. gallons
(11.4 L) of fuel remaining.
The average fuel economy (AVG) display shows the
average miles per U.S. gallon.
To reset the average fuel economy, press the INFO
button until the MPG AVG is displayed on the DIC.
Press and hold the INFO RESET button until both
the fuel data display and DIC display reads 0.0.
If the range display in the DIC shows LO, you should
stop for fuel as soon as possible. This means that you
have less than approximately 1.2 U.S. gallons (4.7 L)
of fuel remaining.
On the analog cluster, fuel data can be obtained by
pressing the INFO button. See “Driver Information
Center (DIC)” in the Index.
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Driver Information Center (DIC)
This display gives you the status of many of your
vehicle’s systems. The DIC is also used to display driver
personalization features and warning/status messages.
All messages will appear in the DIC display, located at
the bottom of the instrument panel cluster.
DIC Controls and Displays
INFO (Information): Pressing this button up or down
will display the MILES RANGE (Analog Cluster),
MPG AVG, MPG INST, GAL FUEL USED, AVG
MPH, TIMER, BATTERY VOLTS, LF-RF-LR-RR
TIRE (If Equipped), RPM TACHOMETER (Digital
Cluster), ENGINE OIL LIFE, TRANS FLUID LIFE,
PHONE (If Equipped), FEATURE PROGRAMMING
and Blank Display.
INFO (Information) RESET: Pressing this button will
reset the MPG AVG, GAL FUEL USED, AVG MPH,
TIMER, ENGINE OIL LIFE and TRANS FLUID LIFE.
For more information about the trip odometer, see
“Odometer” in the Index.
D MPG AVG (Average Miles per Gallon): This
message shows the approximate fuel economy you
have averaged since the last time you reset the value.
To reset the MPG AVG (Average Fuel Economy),
press the INFO button to display the MPG AVG
then press and hold the INFO RESET button
until 0.0 MPG AVG is displayed.
D GAL (Gallons) FUEL USED: This message
The Driver Information Center (DIC) buttons are
located to the right of the steering wheel on the
instrument panel, near the air outlets.
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shows how much fuel has been used since the last
reset. To learn how much fuel is used from a new
starting point, press the RESET button while the
GAL FUEL USED is displayed in the DIC.
D AVG MPH (Average Miles per Hour): This
message shows the average speed you have traveled
at since the last time you reset the value. To reset the
value, press the INFO button to display AVG MPH
then press and hold the INFO RESET button until
0.0 AVG MPH is displayed.
D TIMER: This feature is like a stopwatch, in that
you can clock the time it takes to get from one point
to another.
To operate, press the INFO button to display
TIMER. Each of the fields for the hours, minutes
and seconds are two numeric digits.
Once TIMER 00:00:00 is displayed, press the
ON/OFF button to start the timing feature. Press
the ON/OFF button again to stop it. If you will be
starting and stopping your vehicle, during a trip for
instance, the TIMER feature will automatically start
timing where it left off when you last stopped.
To reset it, press and hold the INFO RESET button
until the display reads TIMER 00:00:00. Press the
INFO button to exit from the TIMER display.
D ENGINE OIL LIFE: Press the INFO button to
display ENGINE OIL LIFE, then press and hold the
INFO RESET button until 100% ENGINE OIL
LIFE is displayed. (This only needs to be reset after
you have had the oil changed.)
D TRANSMISSION FLUID LIFE MONITOR:
Under normal conditions, the rate of deterioration of
the transmission fluid is slow. See “Maintenance
Schedule” in the Index for proper fluid and change
intervals. To reset the transmission fluid life, press
the INFO button to display TRANS FLUID LIFE,
then press and hold the INFO RESET button
until 100% TRANS FLUID LIFE is displayed.
(This only needs to be reset after you have had the
fluid changed.)
ON/OFF: Pressing this button turns the Programming
and Personalization Features on and off. (FEATURE
PROGRAMMING must be displayed on the DIC to
begin actual programming.) This button also starts and
stops the timer.
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MILES RANGE: (Analog Cluster Only.) This message
shows about how many miles you can drive without
refilling your fuel tank. Once the range drops below
40 miles (64 km) remaining, the display will show LOW.
MPG INST (Instantaneous Miles per Gallon):This
message shows the instantaneous fuel economy which
varies with your driving conditions, such as
acceleration, braking and the grade of the road being
traveled. The INFO RESET button does not function in
this mode.
BATTERY VOLTS: This message shows the current
battery voltage. If the voltage is normal the display will
show BATTERY VOLTS OK. If the voltage drops
below 10.5 volts, the display will show BATTERY
VOLTS LOW. If the voltage is above 16 volts, the
display will show BATTERY VOLTS HIGH. If the
display shows the high or low message, you will need to
have your battery checked. See “Driver Information
Center (DIC) Messages” later in this section for
more information.
LF-RF-LR-RR TIRE (If Equipped): On vehicles
equipped with the tire pressure monitor, this message
shows the tire pressure for each tire (left front, right
front, left rear and right rear). Pressing the INFO button
will scroll through the tire pressure for each of the
four tires, such as:
D 34 PSI LF TIRE OK or
D 234 kPa LF TIRE OK
If a tire pressure is below 25 PSI (172 kPa) or above
38 PSI (265 kPa), the message will appear as shown
above except it will show TIRE LOW or TIRE HIGH as
appropriate. If desired, the tire pressure information can
be programmed not to appear when using the INFO
button to scroll through the DIC displays. See “Vehicle
Programming and Personalization Features” in the Index.
If a low or high tire pressure is detected by the system
while driving, a CHECK TIRE PRESSURE message will
appear in the display. If this occurs, press the INFO
button to scroll to the tire(s) with a low or high pressure
condition. See “Driver Information Center (DIC)
Messages” later in this section for more information.
ENG/MET (English/Metric): Press this button to
display information in the English (miles) or metric
(kilometers) system.
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Driver Information Center (DIC) Messages
These messages will appear if there is a problem sensed in
one of your vehicle’s systems. Vehicles that are first sold
in Canada will have a number after each message. This
number helps to identify the problem. You must then press
INFO or INFO RESET to clear the display screen for
further use. However, be sure to take any message that
appears on the display screen seriously and remember that
pressing the INFO or INFO RESET button will only make
the message disappear, not the problem.
DIC messages can also be displayed in French, German,
Spanish and Japanese. Contact your dealer to have the
language display adjusted for your vehicle.
BATTERY NOT CHARGING - 7: This message
will appear if the battery is not being charged. Have the
electrical system checked by your dealership at your
earliest convenience.
BATTERY SAVER ACTIVE - 27: This message is
displayed when the vehicle has detected that the battery
voltage is dropping beyond a reasonable point. The
battery saver system will start reducing certain features
of the vehicle that you may not be able to notice. At the
point that features are disabled, this message is
displayed. It means that the vehicle is trying to save the
charge in the battery. Turn off unnecessary accessories
to allow the battery to recharge.
BATTERY VOLTAGE HIGH - 8: This message shows
that the electrical charging system is overcharging (more
than 16 volts). To avoid being stranded, have the electrical
system checked by your dealership. You can reduce the
charging overload by using the accessories. Turn on the
lamps and radio, set the climate control on AUTO and the
fan speed on HI, and turn the rear window defogger on.
You can monitor battery voltage on the DIC by pressing
the INFO button. The normal range is 11.5 to 15.5 volts
when the engine is running.
BATTERY VOLTAGE LOW - 6: This message
will appear when the electrical system is charging less
than 10 volts or if the battery has been drained. If this
message appears immediately after starting, it is possible
that the generator can still recharge the battery. The
battery should recharge while driving but may take a
few hours to do so. Consider using an auxiliary charger
(be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions) to
boost the battery after returning home or to a final
destination. If this message appears while driving or
after starting your vehicle and stays on, have it checked
immediately to determine the cause of this problem.
To help the generator recharge the battery quickly, you
can reduce the load on the electrical system by turning
off the accessories. You can monitor battery voltage on
the DIC by pressing the INFO button. The normal range
is 11.5 to 15.5 volts.
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CHANGE ENGINE OIL - 82: This means that the life
of the engine oil has expired and it should be changed
within 200 miles. See “Engine Oil” and “Filter
Recommendations” in the Index. After an oil change,
the Oil Life Indicator must be reset. See “Oil Life
Indicator, How to Reset” in the Index.
CHANGE TRANS FLUID - 47: This message will
appear when it is time to replace the transaxle fluid. See
“Maintenance Schedule” in the Index for the proper
fluid and change intervals.
CHECK BRAKE FLUID - 37: This message will
display if the ignition is in ON to inform the driver that
the brake fluid level is low. Have the brake system
serviced by a technician as soon as possible. See “Brake
System Warning Light” in the Index.
CHECK COOLANT LEVEL - 2: This message
will appear when there is a low level of engine coolant.
Have the cooling system serviced by a technician as
soon as possible.
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CHECK FUEL GAGE - 50: (Analog Cluster Only)
This message will appear when the fuel supply is less
than 5 gallons (18.9 L) and the display is turned off.
A single chime will also sound when this message
is displayed.
CHECK GAS CAP - 61: This message will appear if
the gas cap has not been fully tightened. You should
recheck your gas cap to ensure that it’s on properly.
CHECK OIL LEVEL - 36: For correct operation of
the low oil sensing system, your vehicle should be on a
level surface. A false CHECK OIL LEVEL message
may appear if the vehicle is parked on a grade. The oil
level sensing system does not check for actual oil level
if the engine has been off for a short period of time, and
the oil level is never checked while the engine is
running. If the CHECK OIL LEVEL message appears,
and your vehicle has been parked on level ground with
the engine off for at least 30 minutes, the oil level
should be checked by observing the oil dipstick. Prior to
checking the oil level, be sure the engine has been off
for a few minutes and your vehicle is on a level surface.
Then check the dipstick and add oil if necessary.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE - 144 :This message is
displayed when the Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) system
detects a low or high tire pressure condition in one or
more of the road tires. By pressing the INFO button up
or down, the DIC display will show which tire or tires
do not have the correct inflation pressure. A“LOW
TIRE” condition exists when the tire’s air pressure is
under 25 psi (172 kPa) and a “HIGH TIRE” condition
exists when the tire’s air pressure is above 38 psi
(262 kPa). The system will display the air pressure, the
tire location (LF, RF, RR or LR) and if the air pressure is
low or high. The tire pressure information is available in
English or metric measurements. For example, a driver’s
side front tire that is low may be shown as: 22 PSI LF
TIRE LOW.
The correct tire inflation pressure should be set to
those shown on the Tire Loading-Information
Label, located on the rear edge of the driver’s door.
For more information regarding proper tire inflation,
see“Inflation -- Tire Pressure” in the Index. If a tire
is low, you should stop as soon as possible and inspect
your tire(s) for damage. If a tire is flat, see “If a Tire
Goes Flat” in the Index.
Once the TPM system detects the low or high tire
pressure condition, the message “CHECK TIRE
PRESSURE” will be displayed whenever you start the
engine. To remove or clear the CHECK TIRE
PRESSURE message, you will need to set the tire(s) to
the proper tire pressure. See “Inflation -- Tire Pressure”
in the Index.
CAUTION:
When the CHECK TIRE PRESSURE message is
displayed on the Driver Information Center and
the tire pressure is low, your vehicle handling
capabilities will be reduced during severe
maneuvers. If you drive too fast, you could lose
control of your vehicle. You or others could be
injured. Don’t drive over 55 mph (90 km/h) when
the tire pressure is low. Drive cautiously and
correct the tire pressure as soon as you can.
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CHECK WASHER FLUID - 25: This message means
that your vehicle is low on windshield washer fluid.
DRIVER DOOR AJAR - 140: This message
will display anytime the key is in ON, the transaxle is
not in PARK (P) and the driver’s door is open or ajar.
A chime will sound when the vehicle’s speed is greater
than 3 mph (4.8 km/h).
DRIVER NO. X (1 OR 2): This message will be
displayed with the key in ON and while entering
FEATURE PROGRAMMING, but only if the vehicle is
equipped with memory seats. The message will show
which driver is activating the personalization feature. It
will only stay on for five seconds. This message can be
customized for you by your dealer.
ENGINE COOLANT HOT, IDLE ENGINE - 44:
This message will appear when the engine coolant
temperature is over 262_F (128_C). Stop and allow your
vehicle to idle in PARK (P) until it cools down and the
message is removed. Do not increase engine speed
above a normal idle. If it does not cool down, turn off
the engine and have it serviced before driving it again.
Severe engine damage can result from an overheated
engine. See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
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ENGINE HOT-AC OFF - 16: This message displays
when the engine coolant becomes hotter than the normal
operating temperature. To avoid added strain on a hot
engine, the air conditioning compressor is automatically
turned off. When the coolant temperature returns to
normal, the A/C operation will automatically resume.
You can continue to drive your vehicle. If this message
continues to appear, have the system repaired as soon as
possible to avoid compressor damage.
ENGINE OVERHEATED, STOP ENGINE - 42: This
message will appear when the engine has overheated.
Stop and turn the engine off immediately to avoid
severe engine damage. See “Engine Overheating” in
the Index. A multiple chime will also sound when this
message is displayed.
ENGINE POWER REDUCED - 41: This message
informs you that the vehicle is reducing engine power
because the transaxle is being placed in gear under
conditions that may cause damage to the vehicle’s
engine, transaxle or ability to accelerate.
FUEL LEVEL LOW - 11: This message serves as a
warning that the fuel level in the tank is critically low.
Stop for fuel soon. A single chime will sound when this
message is displayed.
HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED - 23: If it’s dark enough
outside and the headlamps and Twilight SentinelR
controls are off, this message will display on the DIC.
This message informs the driver that turning on the
exterior lamps is recommended even though the DRL
are still illuminated. It has become dark enough outside
to require the headlamps and/or other exterior lamps.
This message will also appear if the optional
Rainsense wiping feature is on and the Twilight
Sentinel is off.
t
ICE POSSIBLE - 13: This message appears when
the outside air temperature is cold enough to create icy
road conditions.
LEFT REAR DOOR AJAR - 142: The left rear door
is open or ajar when this message appears. The ignition
must be in ON and the transaxle not in PARK (P) for
this message to display. A chime will sound if the
vehicle’s speed is greater than 3 mph (5 km/h).
OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP ENGINE - 35: If this
message appears while the engine is running, stop the
engine and do not operate it until the cause of low oil
pressure is corrected. Severe damage to the engine can
result. A multiple chime will sound when this message
is displayed.
PASSENGER DOOR AJAR - 141: The right
front passenger’s door is open or ajar when this
message appears. The ignition must be in ON and the
transaxle not in PARK (P) for this message to display.
A chime will sound if the vehicle’s speed is greater
than 3 mph (5 km/h).
RIGHT REAR DOOR AJAR - 143: The right
rear door is open or ajar when this message appears.
The ignition must be in ON and the transaxle not in
PARK (P) for this message to display. A chime
will sound if the vehicle’s speed is greater than
3 mph (5 km/h).
SERVICE AC SYSTEM - 14: This message appears
when the electronic sensors that control the air
conditioning and heating systems are no longer working.
Have the climate control system serviced if you notice a
drop in heating and air conditioning efficiency.
SERVICE AIR BAG - 83: There is a problem with the
air bag system when this message appears. Let only a
qualified technician work on your vehicle. Have your
vehicle serviced by your dealership immediately.
SERVICE CHARGING SYS - 102: This message
will display when a problem with the charging system
has been detected. Have your vehicle serviced at
your dealership.
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SERVICE ELECTRICAL SYS - 106: This message
will display if an electrical problem has occurred within
the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) or the ignition
switch. Have your vehicle serviced by your dealership.
SERVICE STEERING - 127: This message is
displayed when a problem has been detected in the
magnetic speed variable assist steering system. If
message comes on, service is required.
SERVICE FUEL SYSTEM - 101: The Powertrain
Control Module (PCM) has detected a problem within
the fuel system when this message appears. Have your
vehicle serviced by your dealership.
SERVICE SUSPENSION SYS - 84: This message is
displayed to indicate that the suspension system is not
operating properly. To correct this problem, have your
vehicle serviced at your dealership.
SERVICE IDLE CONTROL - 107: A problem with
the idle control has occurred when this message
displays. Have your vehicle serviced by your dealership.
SERVICE THEFT SYSTEM - 34: This message
means there is a problem with the PASS-KeyR III
system. A fault has been detected in the system which
means that the system is disabled and is not protecting
the vehicle. The vehicle usually restarts, however, you
may want to take your vehicle to your dealer before
turning off the engine.
SERVICE STABILITY SYS - 54 : If you ever see
the SERVICE STABILITY SYS message, it means
there may be a problem with your stability enhancement
system. If you see this message, try to reset the system
(stop, turn off the engine, then start the engine again).
If the SERVICE STABILITY SYS message still
comes on, it means there is a problem. You should see
your dealer for service. Reduce your speed and drive
accordingly. A single chime will also sound when this
message is displayed.
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SERVICE TPM SYSTEM - 51 : When this message is
displayed, the Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) system is
not working properly. See your dealer for service.
SERVICE TRANSMISSION - 100: See your dealer
for repair.
SERVICE VEHICLE SOON - 3: This message is
displayed when a non-emissions related powertrain
malfunction occurs. Have your vehicle serviced by a
technician as soon as possible.
SPEED LIMITED TO 90 - 113: A failure in
the suspension control system has occurred when
this message appears. The Powertrain Control
Module (PCM) determines the speed to which your
vehicle is limited. Have your vehicle serviced if this
message appears.
STABILITY SYS ENGAGED - 55 : You may see the
STABILITY SYS ENGAGED message on the Driver
Information Center. It means that an advanced,
computer-controlled system has come on to help your
vehicle continue to go in the direction in which you’re
steering. This stability enhancement system activates
when the computer senses that your vehicle is just
starting to spin, as it might if you hit a patch of ice or
other slippery spot on the road. When the system is on,
you may hear a noise or feel a vibration in the brake
pedal. This is normal.
When the STABILITY SYS ENGAGED message is on,
you should continue to steer in the direction you want to
go. The system is designed to help you in bad weather or
other difficult driving situations by making the most of
whatever road conditions will permit. If the STABILITY
SYS ENGAGED message comes on, you’ll know that
something has caused your vehicle to start to spin, so
you should consider slowing down. A single chime will
also sound when this message is displayed.
STARTING DISABLED REMOVE KEY - 33: This
message will appear when the PASS-KeyR III system
detects that an improper ignition key is being used to try
to start the vehicle. Check the ignition key for damage.
If it is damaged, it may need to be replaced. If it is not
damaged, remove the key and try to start the vehicle
again. If it still does not start, try another ignition key or
see your dealer for service.
THEFT ATTEMPTED - 40: This message is
displayed if the theft system has detected a break-in
attempt while you were away from your vehicle.
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TOP SPEED FUEL CUT-OFF - 111: This message
will appear when the Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
detects that the maximum speed for your vehicle has
been reached. The speed of your vehicle will surge as
the fuel supply is cut off. Your vehicle’s top speed is
based on the top speed rating of the tires. This ensures
that your vehicle stays in a safe operating range for
the tires.
TRACTION SUSPENDED - 56: This message
displays when the traction control system has been
temporarily shut off because your vehicle’s brakes have
overheated. This message does not indicate a problem
with your vehicle’s traction control system. After a few
minutes, the traction control system will be available
again and the TRACTION READY message
will appear.
TRACTION ENGAGED - 91 : When your traction
control system is limiting wheel spin, the TRACTION
ENGAGED message will be displayed. Slippery road
conditions may exist if this message is displayed, so
adjust your driving accordingly. This message will stay
on for a few seconds after the traction control system
stops limiting wheel spin.
TRANS HOT IDLE ENGINE - 112: This message
indicates that the transaxle fluid in your vehicle is too
hot. Stop and allow your vehicle to idle until it cools
down or until this message is removed.
TRACTION OFF - 89: This message will be displayed
after the traction control system has been turned off
using the TRAC ON/OFF button on the center console.
TRACTION READY - 90: This message informs
the driver that the traction control system is available.
Pressing the TRAC ON/OFF button on the center
console once turns the traction control system off;
pressing the button again turns the system back on.
This message will automatically disappear from the
display after five seconds.
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TRUNK OPEN - 24: This message indicates that the
trunk is open when the ignition is on.
TURN SIGNAL ON - 20: If you drive your vehicle
for more than a mile with a turn signal on, this message
will appear as a reminder to turn off the turn signal.
A multiple chime will sound when this message
is displayed.
VEHICLE OVERSPEED - 52: This message is
displayed when the vehicle speed exceeds a certain limit
as required by some export countries. A continuous
chime will sound when this message is displayed.
Vehicle Programming and
Personalization Features
Your vehicle is equipped with personalization that
allows you to program certain features to a preferred
setting for up to two people. The number of
programmable features varies depending upon which
model of the vehicle is purchased. On all vehicles,
features such as climate control settings, radio preset
settings, exterior lighting at unlock, remote lock and
unlock confirmation, and automatic door locks have
already been programmed for your convenience.
Some vehicles are equipped with additional features
that can be programmed including the seat position,
steering column position (if equipped) and outside
mirror position. The navigation screen preferences
(if equipped) will remain at the last set position.
Entering Feature Programming
To enter the feature programming mode, do
the following:
1. Turn the ignition to ON, making sure the vehicle is
in PARK (P).
2. If your vehicle has memory settings, press the
appropriate memory button, 1 or 2, located on
the driver’s door panel. The DIC display will
show either 1 or 2 depending on which button
was selected.
3. Press the INFO button until FEATURE
PROGRAMMING appears on the DIC display.
4. Press the ON/OFF button to enter
FEATURE PROGRAMMING.
If your vehicle is equipped with the ability to program
additional personalization features, the driver’s
preferences are recalled by pressing the unlock button
on the remote keyless entry transmitter or by pressing
the appropriate memory button, 1 or 2, located on the
driver’s door. Certain features can be programmed not
to recall until the key is placed in the ignition. To change
feature preferences you must use one of the
following procedures.
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Remote Recall Memory (If Equipped)
This feature recalls any previously programmed seat and
mirror controls when the unlock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter is pressed. The telescoping
steering column (if equipped) will return to its
programmed position when the key is inserted in the
ignition switch and turn to ON.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
REMOTE RECALL MEMORY appears on the
DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Key in Recall Memory (If Equipped)
This feature recalls any previously programmed seat and
mirror controls when the key is inserted into the
ignition. The telescoping steering column (if equipped)
will return to its programmed position when the key is
inserted in the ignition switch and turned to ON.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until KEY
IN RECALL MEMORY appears on the DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it
off, press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears
on the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Auto Exit Seat (If Equipped)
This feature will move the driver’s seat to the previously
programmed exit position when the ignition is turned off
and the driver’s door is opened.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
AUTO EXIT SEAT appears on the DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it
off, press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears
on the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Auto Exit Steering Wheel (If Equipped)
This feature will move the column to the driver’s
previously programmed exit position when the ignition
is turned off and the driver’s door is opened.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
AUTO EXIT STRG WHEEL appears on the
DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it
off, press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears
on the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Lights Flash at Unlock
This feature allows the parking lamps to flash
twice when the remote keyless entry transmitter is used
to unlock the vehicle. All doors must be closed, and the
lamps will not flash if the manual parking lamps or
headlamps are active.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
LIGHTS FLASH AT UNLOCK appears on the
DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it
off, press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears
on the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Lights Flash at Lock
This feature allows the parking lamps to flash once
when the remote keyless entry transmitter is used to lock
the vehicle. All doors must be closed for this feature to
work, and the lamps will not flash if the manual parking
lamps or headlamps are active.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
LIGHTS FLASH AT LOCK appears on the
DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Horn Sounds at Lock
This feature sounds the horn once when the remote
keyless entry transmitter is used to lock the vehicle.
All doors must be closed for this feature to work.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
HORN SOUNDS AT LOCK appears on the
DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Exterior Lights at Unlock
This feature turns on the exterior lamps when the remote
keyless entry transmitter is used to unlock the vehicle.
The lamps will remain on for about 20 seconds unless a
door is opened, the ignition is turned to ACCESSORY,
ON or START or the remote keyless entry transmitter is
used to lock the vehicle.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until EXT
LIGHTS AT UNLOCK appears on the DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it
off, press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears
on the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Doors Lock in Gear
With the ignition in ON and all the doors closed, this
feature allows the vehicle’s doors to automatically lock
when the driver shifts the transaxle out of PARK (P).
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
DOORS LOCK IN GEAR appears on the
DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it
off, press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears
on the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Driver Unlock in PARK (P)
This feature allows the driver’s door to automatically
unlock when the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P). All
other doors will remain locked until the unlock button
on either front door armrest or on the remote keyless
entry transmitter is pressed.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
DRIVER UNLOCK IN PARK appears on the
DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it
off, press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears
on the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Driver Unlock Key Off
This feature allows the driver’s door to automatically
unlock when the ignition key is turned to OFF. All other
doors will remain locked until the unlock button on
either front door armrest or on the remote keyless entry
transmitter is pressed.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
DRIVER UNLOCK KEY OFF appears on the
DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Doors Unlock in PARK (P)
This feature will automatically unlock all doors when
the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
DOORS UNLOCK IN PARK appears on the
DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Doors Unlock Key Off
This feature will automatically unlock all doors when
the ignition key is turned to OFF.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
DOORS UNLOCK KEY OFF appears on the
DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
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Mirror to Curb In Reverse (If Equipped)
This feature will move the passenger’s outside rearview
mirror to a curb view position when the shift lever is
placed in REVERSE (R), and it will return the mirror to
the last known driving position when the shift lever is
moved out of REVERSE (R). See “Curb View Assist
Mirror” in the Index for more information.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
MIRROR TO CURB IN REV appears on the
DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
2-125
Tire Pressure Display (If Equipped)
This feature will allow the individual tire pressure
readings to be displayed when using the INFO button to
scroll through the DIC displays. Even with this feature
programmed to be turned off, a low or high tire pressure
condition will still cause the CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
message to be displayed on the DIC. See “Driver
Information Center (DIC) Messages” in the Index for
more information.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle
is programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until TIRE
PRESSURE DISPLAY appears on the DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
2-126
Driver’s Names Set/Recall (If Equipped)
This feature allows individual driver’s names to be
displayed in the DIC when the ignition is turned to ON.
This feature only works when the remote keyless entry
transmitter is used to unlock the vehicle or when
buttons 1 or 2 on the driver’s door are pressed. See your
dealer for assistance in programming this feature.
Exiting Feature Programming
To exit FEATURE PROGRAMMING, press the INFO
RESET or INFO button.
Comfort Controls and Radio System
Personalization
These features allow both drivers to personalize their
own climate control settings as well as their radio
settings. For more information, see “Climate Control
Personalization” and “Radio Personalization” in
the Index.
Continuous Variable Road Sensing
Suspension (CVRSS) (If Equipped)
The CVRSS automatically adjusts the ride of your
vehicle. Automatic ride control is achieved through a
computer used to control and monitor the suspension
system. The controller receives input from various
sensors to determine the proper system response. If the
controller detects a problem within the system, the DIC
will display a SERVICE SUSPENSION SYS message.
If this message appears, have your vehicle serviced at
your dealership.
2-127
Oil Life Indicator
This feature lets you know when to change the engine
oil. It’s based on the engine oil temperatures and your
driving patterns.
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To see the display, press the INFO button several times until
ENGINE OIL LIFE appears. If you see 99% ENGINE OIL
LIFE, 99 percent of your current oil life remains.
The DIC may display a CHANGE ENGINE OIL
message. Always keep a written record of the mileage and
date when you changed your oil. For more information,
see “Maintenance Schedule” in the Index. If you see
CHANGE ENGINE OIL, it means the oil life is gone and
you should change the oil right away. The system doesn’t
check how much oil you have, so you’ll still have to check
for that. To see how, see “Engine Oil” in the Index.
When the oil is changed, you’ll need to reset the system.
See “Oil Life Indicator, How to Reset” in the Index.
Navigation (Option)
Navigation Display Controls
Your vehicle may be equipped with a turn by turn
navigation guidance system that includes a CD ROM
map media covering nine regional areas throughout the
contiguous United States and Canada. In addition, the
system includes intersection and freeway entrances,
route planning, a programmable address book, points of
interest, a list of restaurants, emergency phone numbers,
and a list of hotels and motels for all of the major cities
on the CD. The navigation system can also
communicate with the radio data system to receive
broadcast announcements on traffic, weather
information and emergency alert communications.
For more information on how to use this system, see
“Navigation” supplement.
The display screen is located in the center on the
instrument panel. There are “hard” buttons and a touch
sensitive screen.
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Night Vision System (Option)
The Night Vision System can help you see better when
you drive at night. The system works by sensing heat
given off by objects in its field of view. Warmer objects,
such as pedestrians, animals and other moving vehicles,
will appear whiter. Colder objects, such as the sky, signs
and parked vehicles, will appear darker.
Use this system as an aid to help you in seeing objects
beyond the headlamps. Do this by occasionally glancing
at the image as you would a rearview mirror. Do not
stare at the image.
The Night Vision System can be operated if:
D The instrument panel brightness knob is in any
position except OFF
D it is dark enough outside,
D the headlamps or fog lamps (if equipped) are on and
D the ignition is turned to ON.
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When the system comes on, you’ll see the Night Vision
System symbol in the image. After about one minute,
you should see the view of the road ahead. If you don’t
see the image after about two minutes (on cold days it
may take longer for the image to display), there may be
something wrong with the system. See your dealer
for service.
CAUTION:
The controls for this feature are located to the left of and
below the steering wheel. They are used to adjust the
brightness and location of the image. Adjust the IMAGE
control so the image is as low as possible while
remaining visible.
Slide the dimmer control until the image is no brighter
than necessary to clearly and comfortably see the image.
If the Night Vision System image is too bright, or
too high in your field of view, it may take you
more time to see things you need to see when it’s
dark outside. Be sure to keep the image dim and
placed low in your field of view.
Remember that the Night Vision System can only help
you see objects that are warmer or colder than the
surroundings. It can’t sense things like brake lights, turn
signals or emergency flashers, traffic lights or signs.
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In dry, clear weather, the system can see pedestrians,
animals and the direction of the road ahead. In light rain,
light snow or light fog the image may not be as clear
and you may not be able to see the direction of the road
ahead. In more severe weather conditions, the image
may be unclear and not usable.
CAUTION:
Don’t use the Night Vision System to replace
your normal view of the road ahead. It can’t tell
you how far away things are. It senses only
warmer or colder objects, not all objects. Driving
by staring at the image might cause you not to see
important objects in the road ahead. If you don’t
see something in time, you could have a crash in
which you and others could be injured. Use the
Night Vision System only as a driving aid.
It is also important to keep your windshield, the HUD
(Head-Up Display for the Night Vision System) lens
and the camera lens clean. If you do not keep everything
clean, system performance may be affected.
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The HUD system is located on the driver’s side of the
instrument panel, next to the windshield and the camera
is located behind the center of the front grille.
Use only household glass cleaner and a soft cloth
to clean the HUD or camera lens. Wipe gently and
dry thoroughly.
NOTICE:
When cleaning, be careful not to scratch the
HUD or camera lenses. Do not spray glass
cleaner directly on the HUD lens because
the cleaner could leak inside the unit and
cause damage.
The camera must also be aligned to work correctly. If
the camera needs adjustment, see your dealer. Do not
attempt to adjust the camera yourself.
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist
(URPA) (Option)
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist can help you to
determine how close an object is to your rear bumper
within a given area, making parking easier.
The URPA display is
located inside the vehicle,
above the rear window. It
has three color-coded lights
that can be seen through the
rearview mirror or by
turning around.
How the System Works
URPA comes on automatically when the shift lever is
moved into REVERSE (R) and the vehicle speed is less
than 3 mph (5 km/h). When the system comes on, the
three lights on the display will illuminate to let you
know that the system is working. URPA senses how
close your vehicle is to an object. The distance is
determined by the four ultrasonic sensors located on the
rear bumper. When you shift into REVERSE (R) and an
object is detected, the following will occur in sequence
depending on the distance from the object:
D At 5 feet (1.5 m) a chime will sound and one amber
light will be lit;
D at 40 inches (1.0 m) both amber lights will be lit;
D at 20 inches (0.5 m) a continuous chime will sound
and all three lights (amber/amber/red) will be lit; and
D at 1 foot (0.3 m) a continuous chime will sound and
all three lights (amber/amber/red) will flash.
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URPA can detect objects 3 inches (7.6 cm) and wider,
and at least 10 inches (25.4 cm) tall, but it cannot detect
objects that are above trunk level. In order for the rear
sensors to recognize an object, it must be within
operating range.
It may also flash red if your vehicle is moving in
REVERSE (R) at a speed greater than 3 mph (5 km/h).
Other conditions that may affect system performance
include things like the vibrations from a jackhammer or
the compression of air brakes on a very large truck.
If the URPA system is not functioning properly, the
display will flash red, indicating that there is a problem.
The light will also flash red while driving if a trailer is
attached to your vehicle, or a bicycle or object is on
the back of, or hanging out of your trunk. The light
will continue to flash until the trailer or the object is
removed and your vehicle is driven forward at
least 15 mph (25 km/h).
As always, drivers should use care when backing up a
vehicle. Always look behind you, being sure to check
for other vehicles, obstructions and blind spots.
It may also flash red if the ultrasonic sensors are not
kept clean. So be sure to keep your rear bumper free of
mud, dirt, snow, ice and slush or materials such as paint
or the system may not work properly. If after cleaning
the rear bumper and driving forward at least 15 mph
(25 km/h), the display continues to flash red, see your
dealer. For cleaning instructions, see “Cleaning, Outside
of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
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Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle.
Be sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
3-2
3-2
3-6
3-6
3-6
3-7
3-9
3-10
3-11
3-12
3-12
3-12
3-17
Comfort Controls
Climate Control Panel
Air Conditioning
Heating
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
Ventilation System
HVAC Steering Wheel Controls
Climate Control Personalization (If Equipped)
Audio Systems
Setting the Clock
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
Systems (RDS), Digital Signal Processing
(DSP) and XM Satellite Radio Service
(If Equipped)
3-27
3-28
3-30
3-31
3-32
3-32
3-33
3-34
3-35
3-35
3-36
3-36
Navigation/Radio System (Option)
Glovebox-Mounted CD Changer (Option)
Radio Personalization with Home and Away
Feature (If Equipped)
Theft-Deterrent Feature
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your Compact Discs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Diversity Antenna System
XM Satellite Radio Antenna System
(If Equipped)
t
3-
3-1
Comfort Controls
Manual Operation
This section tells you how to make your air system work
for you.
To turn the system on, press the knob located on the left
side of the climate control panel.
Climate Control Panel
Your vehicle is equipped with an electronic climate
control system. This system can automatically adjust
and control temperature, fan speed, air delivery mode,
air conditioning operation and air intake. You can use
the AUTO (automatic) setting or override the automatic
operation by manually adjusting the controls. If your
vehicle is equipped with the climate control
personalization feature, you will be able to recall your
preferred climate control settings using your remote
keyless entry transmitter. See “Climate Control
Personalization” in the Index.
3-2
∧ MODE ∨ : Press MODE to deliver air through the
floor, instrument panel or windshield outlets. The
system will stay in the selected mode until MODE is
pressed again. The current mode is displayed on the
climate control panel when MODE is pressed. Press the
up or down arrow to cycle through the following modes:
D
(Upper): This setting directs the airflow
through the instrument panel outlets.
D
(Bi-Level): This setting directs airflow into
your vehicle in two ways. Cooler air is directed to
the upper portion of your body through the four
instrument panel outlets while warmer air is directed
to the floor.
D
(Floor/Defrost): This setting directs airflow to
the floor outlets and toward the windshield.
D
(Floor): This setting directs airflow through
the floor outlets. Some air is diverted to the
windshield to minimize fogging.
∧
∨ (Fan): This switch adjusts the fan speed. Press the
up arrow to increase fan speed and the down arrow to
decrease it.
(Recirculation): Press this button to limit the
amount of outside air entering your vehicle. This is
helpful when you are trying to cool the air quickly or
limit odors entering your vehicle. Press this button again
to turn off the recirculation feature. If you notice the
windows fogging, turn off the recirculation feature.
Recirculation is not available in the defrost mode.
FRONT (Defrost): Press this button to quickly
remove fog or frost from the windshield. This setting
sends most of the airflow to the windshield with only a
small amount to the floor outlets. The air conditioning
compressor will operate in this mode.
A/C (Air Conditioning): Press this button to turn the
air conditioning compressor on and off. The system will
cool and dehumidify the air inside the vehicle. A/C
cannot be turned off in defrost mode.
PASS OFF (Passenger’s Climate Control): Pressing
this button will turn off or on the climate controls for the
passengers. When this feature is active, the driver’s
climate control settings are used for both the front and
rear seating areas.
Driver’s Temperature Knob: The knob located on the
left side of the climate control panel is used to adjust the
air temperature coming through the system for the
driver’s side of the vehicle while the passenger’s side
controls are active. Turn the knob clockwise to increase
the temperature displayed on the climate control panel,
or turn the knob counterclockwise to decrease the
temperature. Press the knob to turn the climate control
system off.
∧ PASS TEMP ∨ (Passenger’s Temperature): This
switch is used to increase or decrease the temperature of
the air for the right front passenger independent of the
driver’s setting.
Press the up arrow to increase the temperature setting or
the down arrow to decrease it.
3-3
Automatic Operation
AUTO: This button is used to select the automatic
operation of the climate control system. When the
automatic operation is active, AUTO will appear on
the display.
A sensor will control the air delivery mode. Air will
come from the floor, the instrument panel or windshield
outlets. The fan speed and use of air conditioning
will vary as the system maintains the selected
temperature setting.
Do not cover the electronic solar sensor located on top
of the instrument panel near the windshield. The sensor
is used by the automatic system to regulate temperature.
See “Electronic Solar Sensor” later in this section for
more information.
To find your comfort zone, start with the 75_F (24_C)
setting and allow about 30 minutes for the system to
regulate. Turn the driver’s temperature knob to adjust
the temperature if necessary. If you choose 60_F
(16_C), the system will remain at that maximum cooling
setting and will not regulate fan speed. If you choose
90_F (32_C), the system will remain at that maximum
heating setting and will not regulate fan speed. Choosing
either maximum setting will not cause the system to heat
or cool any faster.
3-4
In cold weather, when the system senses the need for
heat, the airflow will be directed out of the floor outlets.
As the interior temperature approaches the desired
setting, the fan speed will decrease. To maintain interior
comfort, the airflow may move to the instrument panel
air outlets and floor outlets (bi-level mode). On bright
sunny days in cold weather, the airflow may come out of
the instrument panel outlets in A/C mode to maintain
comfort and prevent stuffiness.
When the automatic setting is active, the air
conditioning compressor cycles when needed to cool the
air. If your vehicle is sitting out on a hot day and AUTO
is active, the air will first flow out of the floor outlets for
a few seconds. This is normal. This is to remove hot air
from the air outlets. As the air is cooled, the airflow will
move through the instrument panel outlets. If you start
your vehicle with the fan setting on HI, it will skip the
air conditioning purge and the system will be in
manual mode.
To avoid blowing cold air in cold weather, the system
will start at reduced fan speeds until warm air is
available. The length of reduction depends on the
outside air temperature, engine coolant temperature
or the time since the engine was last started. As the
coolant warms up, the fan speed will gradually increase
and air will flow from the floor outlets, with some
airflow to the windshield to prevent fogging under most
normal conditions.
Electronic Solar Sensor
If you select defrost mode or a fan speed, this function
will be skipped and the system will be in manual mode.
If you leave your vehicle, the system will recall the
control setting the next time you start your engine,
except for recirculation and defrost.
The sensor monitors the sun’s solar radiation. It is located
on top of the instrument panel near the windshield.
When the climate control system is in AUTO, the system
uses this information to automatically make the necessary
temperature and airflow adjustments to maintain your
comfort. The climate control system may supply cooler air
to one side of your vehicle, if that side is facing the sun.
Be sure not to cover the sensor on top of the instrument
panel. If you do, it will not work properly.
3-5
Air Conditioning
Defogging and Defrosting
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot
inside air escape. This reduces the time it takes for your
vehicle to cool down. Then keep your windows closed
for the air conditioner to work its best.
Use FRONT on cool and humid days to keep the
windshield and side windows clear. This setting will
remove fog or ice from the windshield quickly in
extremely humid or cold conditions. If you desire to
have more air on your feet, turn the control to the
floor/defrost mode.
Press the driver’s temperature knob to turn the system
on manually. You may also need to adjust the
temperature and fan speed. The system will cool and
dehumidify the air inside the vehicle.
When the system is in AUTO, it will use recirculation as
necessary to cool the air.
Heating
Press MODE to select floor. Adjust the interior
temperature manually to a comfortable level. If the fan
speed needs adjustment, press the up or down arrow.
Outside air will be brought in, warmed and sent through
the floor, instrument panel outlets. The heater works
best if you keep your windows closed while using it.
In AUTO, the fan will not run at high speed to minimize
warm-up time.
3-6
Press FRONT to activate the defrost mode. Adjust the
fan speed by pressing the up or down arrow on the fan
button. You may also adjust the temperature by turning
the driver’s temperature knob. If you select floor/defrost
from AUTO, the system will control the fan speed and
temperature for you.
Recirculation is not available in the defrost mode, and
the A/C system cannot be turned off in this mode.
Rear Window Defogger
The grid lines you see on the rear window warm the
glass. When the rear window defogger is turned on,
the rear window and both outside rearview mirrors are
heated to remove snow and ice from the surface of
the glass.
REAR (Rear Window
Defogger): The rear
window defogger button is
located on the climate
control panel near the
bottom left corner.
Press the button to turn on the rear defogger. Press the
button again to turn the system off.
The system will automatically shut off after 10 minutes
unless your vehicle is traveling more than 30 mph
(48 km/h). If further defogging is desired once the
system is off, press the button again. The system will
automatically shut off after five minutes for any cycles
after the initial activation.
NOTICE:
Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp
on the inside of the rear window. If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid or the
integrated rear window antenna, and the repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
The lines along the top of the window are for the
diversity antenna and are not intended to defog the
rear window.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license, tape or decals
across the defogger grid on the rear window.
3-7
Rear Climate Control
Your vehicle is equipped with a rear climate control.
With this system, the rear passengers can control the
temperature of the air flow for his/her own zones.
3-8
The rear climate control has three switches:
∧ MODE ∨ : Press this switch to select the direction
of the airflow. Press the up or down arrow to cycle
through the available modes. The current mode appears
on the display above the climate control panel. If you
press the down arrow until AUTO is displayed,
automatic mode will be active. The automatic mode
selects the airflow mode for you.
See “Manual Operation” previously in this section for
more information on the modes available.
∧
∨ (Fan): Press this switch to manually adjust the fan
speed. Press the up arrow to increase the speed or the
down arrow to decrease it. The current speed will appear
on the display above the climate control panel. You can
turn the system off by pressing the down arrow until
OFF appears on the display.
∧ TEMP ∨ (Temperature): Press this switch to
manually adjust the temperature. Press the up arrow to
increase the temperature or the down arrow to decrease
it. The current temperature will appear on the display
above the climate control panel.
The front seat climate control panel has an AUTO
button that can override the climate controls of the rear
seating area automatically. When AUTO is pressed, the
rear automatic mode is selected and the rear air
temperature and mode will readjust to coincide with the
setting selected for the front seating area.
Ventilation System
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air into the vehicle when it is moving. Outside
air will also enter the vehicle when the heater or the air
conditioning fan is in operation. See “Recirculation”
listed previously in this section for more information.
The PASS OFF button on the front climate control panel
allows the settings for the driver to be used for the front
and rear seat areas.
The front outlets are located in the center and at each
side of the instrument panel. You can adjust the
direction of airflow by moving the center control levers
or you can stop the airflow by moving the thumbwheel
located on each outlet downward.
3-9
Ventilation Tips
D Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
any other obstruction (such as leaves). The heater
and defroster will work far better, reducing the
chance of fogging the inside of the windows.
D Keep the air path under the front seats clear of
objects. This helps circulate air throughout
your vehicle.
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
Passenger compartment air, both outside air and
recirculated air, is routed through a passenger
compartment filter. The filter removes certain
contaminants from the air, including pollen and dust
particles. Reductions in airflow, which may occur more
quickly in dusty areas, indicate that the filter needs to
be replaced early.
The filter should be replaced as part of routine
scheduled maintenance. See “Passenger Compartment
Air Filter” in the Index for more information on
replacement. See “Maintenance Schedule” in the Index
for replacement intervals.
Your vehicle will not be damaged if you choose not to
replace the filter once the old one is removed.
3-10
HVAC Steering Wheel Controls
(If Equipped)
Some heating and cooling
controls can be adjusted at
the steering wheel. Other
touch controls operate some
audio controls. See “Audio
Steering Wheel Controls” in
the Index.
∧ TEMP ∨ (Temperature): Press the up arrow on the
control to increase the temperature and the down arrow
to decrease temperature manually.
∧
∨ (Fan): Press the up arrow on the control to
increase the fan speed and the down arrow to decrease
fan speed manually.
Climate Control Personalization
(If Equipped)
This feature allows two different drivers to store and
recall their own climate control settings. These settings
include the set temperatures for the driver and front
passenger, the air conditioning, the airflow mode and
the fan speed. (This feature does not recall recirculation
or defrost).
Each driver (1 or 2) has a corresponding number located
on the back of the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Settings recalled by the system can be determined by
which transmitter is used to unlock the vehicle. When
the button with the unlock symbol is pressed, the
settings will be automatically recalled for that driver.
The settings can also be recalled by briefly pressing the
corresponding memory button (1 or 2) located on the
driver’s door panel.
Further programming for recalling climate control
personalization settings can be done using the DIC.
You can select or not select the following:
D Automatic recall of the climate control settings when
the vehicle is unlocked with the remote keyless entry
transmitter, or
D Automatic recall of the climate control settings when
a key is placed in the ignition.
For more programming information, see “Memory and
Personalization Features” in the Index.
The settings can also be recalled when the key is placed
in the ignition. If the settings are recalled this way, the
system will recall the settings of the last driver to use the
vehicle. If these are not the correct settings for you,
press the button with the unlock symbol on remote
keyless entry transmitter that was used when you saved
your settings.
3-11
Audio Systems
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and give years of listening pleasure. You will get the
most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with it
first. Find out what your audio system can do and how
to operate all of its controls to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, you can play your audio
system even after the ignition is turned off. See
“Retained Accessory Power” in the Index.
Setting the Clock
Press and hold HR or MN until the time display begins
to change. Release the button as you get close to the
correct time. The time may be set anytime the clock is
displayed. There is a two-second delay before the clock
goes into time-set mode.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
HR (Hour) or MN (Minute): Display the time with the
ignition off by pressing one of these buttons.
3-12
SOURCE: Press this button to select a source, either
cassette or compact disc. The audio source must be
loaded to play. Available loaded sources are shown on
the display. If a source is being used, it will be
underlined on the display. If none of the audio sources
are loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear on the
display. Press this button again or press BAND to switch
back to the radio.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to select AM, FM1 or FM2.

∧ TUNE SEEK
∨ : When this button is pressed it

has two positions. Press this button to the first position
to manually tune to the next or previous stations. If this
button is held at the first position for a few seconds, the
radio will continue tuning until this button is released.
Press this button to the second position and release it to
seek to the next or previous radio station.
SCAN: Press this button for less than two seconds
to scan radio stations and associated tone settings.
The radio will go to a station, play for five seconds,
then go on to the next station. Press this button again
to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold SCAN for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio will
go to the first preset station stored on your pushbuttons,
play for five seconds, then go on to the next preset
station. Press SCAN again to stop scanning. The radio
will scan preset stations with a strong signal only.
Setting Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2), by performing the
following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
for more than two seconds until you hear a beep.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton. Whenever
you press that numbered pushbutton for less than
two seconds, the station you set will return.
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your radio presets because the
radio remembers them.
3-13
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
Playing a Cassette Tape
TONE: Press and release this button until the desired
tone control (bass, treble or midrange) is found. The
radio keeps separate tone settings for each band, each
preset and each source.
With the radio on, insert a cassette tape. The tape will
begin playing as soon as it is inserted. When one side of
your cassette tape is done playing, auto reverse plays the
other side of your cassette tape. A cassette tape may be
loaded with the radio off but it will not start playing
until the radio is on. If you want to insert a cassette tape
when the ignition is off, first press the eject button.
- LEVEL +: After selecting the desired tone control,
press the plus or minus symbol on this button to select
the desired level.
To save the tone settings for your presets, press and hold
the numbered pushbutton for the desired preset for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
(Speaker): Press and release this button until the
desired control (balance or fade) is found.
- LEVEL +: After selecting the desired control, press
the plus or minus symbol on this button to select the
desired level.
PTY (Program-Type): This button is inoperable on
this radio.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, TONE, LEVEL,
and speaker controls just as you do for the radio. Other
controls may have different functions when a tape is
inserted. The display will show an underlined tape
symbol. TAPE PLAY will appear on the display when a
tape is playing, with an arrow to indicate which side of
the tape is playing.
Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noise. Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured
under a license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing
Corporation. Dolby and the double-D symbol are
trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Auto CrO2 allows the cassette tape player to adjust to
the type of cassette tape for clearer sound for CrO2
cassette tapes.
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
3-14
%
RW (Rewind): Press the left arrow to rewind the
tape rapidly. The radio will play while the tape rewinds.
You may use your station pushbuttons to tune to another
radio station while in rewind. Press the left arrow again
to return to playing speed.
(Eject): Press this button to the right of the
cassette tape player to remove a tape. The radio will
play. Eject may be activated with the radio off and/or
the ignition off.
FF
(Fast Forward): Press the right arrow to fast
forward to another part of the tape. The radio will play
while the tape advances. You may use your station
pushbuttons to tune to another radio station while in fast
forward. Press the right arrow again to return to playing
speed.
Cassette Tape Messages
&

∧ TUNE SEEK
∨ : When this button is pressed it

has two positions. Press this button to the first position
to manually tune to the next or previous stations. If this
button is held at the first position for a few seconds, the
radio will continue tuning until this button is released.
Press this button to the second position and release it to
seek to the next or previous radio station.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to selections for a few
seconds. The tape will go to a selection, play for a few
seconds, then go on to the next selection. Press this
button again to stop scanning.
SIDE: Press this button to change the side of the tape
that is playing.
If an error occurs while trying to play a cassette tape, it
could be for one of the following reasons:
D The cassette tape is tight and the cassette player
cannot turn the hubs of the tape. Hold the cassette
tape with the open end down and try turning the right
hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Flip the tape
over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your
cassette tape may be damaged and should not be
used in the player. Try a new tape to be sure your
player is working properly.
D The cassette tape is broken. (Check to see if your
tape is broken. Try a new tape.)
CLEAN TAPE: If this message appears on the display,
the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
3-15
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. If the ignition and the radio are on
and the underlined compact disc symbol appears on the
display, the disc will begin playing. Compact discs may
be loaded with the radio off but they will not start
playing until the radio is on. If you want to insert a disc
when the ignition is off, first press the eject button.
The integral CD player can play the smaller 8 cm
compact discs. Full-size compact discs and the smaller
compact discs are loaded in the same manner.
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
% RW (Rewind): Press and hold the left arrow to
reverse the compact disc. Release it to return to playing
speed.
&
FF
(Fast Forward): Press and hold the right arrow
to fast forward to another part of the compact disc.
Release it to return to playing speed.
3-16

∧ TUNE SEEK
∨ : When this button is pressed, it

has two positions. This button works the same, whether
it is pressed to the first or second position. Press this
button to seek to the next or previous track on the
compact disc.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to tracks for a few
seconds. The compact disc will go to a track, play for a
few seconds, then go on to the next track. Press this
button again to stop scanning.
RDM (Random): Press this button to hear the tracks in
random, rather than sequential, order. Press RDM again
to turn off random play.
(Eject): Press this button, located to the right of the
CD slot, to stop a CD when it is playing or to eject a CD
when it is not playing. Eject may be activated with the
radio off and/or the ignition off.
Compact Disc Messages
If the disc comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
D If you’re driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smooth the disc should play.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
Systems (RDS), Digital Signal Processing
(DSP) and XMt Satellite Radio Service
(If Equipped)
D If it’s very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the disc should play.
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D The air is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and
try again.)
D If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
3-17
AVC (Automatic Volume Control): With AVC, your
audio system monitors the noise in the vehicle. Then,
AVC adjusts the volume level so that it always sounds
the same to you. To use AVC, press and hold the TONE
button until AUTO VOLUME CONTROL OFF appears
on the display. Then press the LEVEL plus symbol.
AUTO VOLUME CONTROL ON will appear on the
display. AVC VOLUME will appear on the display any
time you adjust the volume while AVC is on. To turn
AVC off, press and hold the TONE button until AUTO
VOLUME CONTROL ON appears on the display. Then
press the LEVEL minus symbol. AUTO VOLUME
CONTROL OFF will appear on the display.
HR (Hour) or MN (Minute): Display the time with the
ignition off by pressing one of these buttons.
SOURCE: Press this button to select a source, either
cassette or compact disc. The audio source must be
loaded to play. Available loaded sources are shown on
the display. If a source is being used, it will be
underlined on the display. If none of the audio sources
are loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear on the
display. Press this button again or press BAND to switch
back to the radio.
3-18
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to select AM, FM1 or FM2,
weather or XM1 or XM2 if your radio is equipped with
XM Satellite Radio Service.
t

∧ TUNE SEEK
∨ : When this button is pressed it

has two positions. Press this button to the first position
to manually tune to the next or previous stations. If this
button is held at the first position for a few seconds, the
radio will continue tuning until this button is released.
Press this button to the second position and release it to
seek to the next or previous radio station.
SCAN: Press this button for less than two seconds to
scan radio stations. The radio will go to a station, play
for five seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
this button again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold SCAN for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio will
go to the first preset station stored on your pushbuttons,
play for five seconds, then go on to the next preset
station. Press SCAN again to stop scanning. The radio
will scan preset stations with a strong signal only.
Setting Preset Stations
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations and associated tone and DSP settings.
The RDS PTY mode must be off to use this mode. You
can set up to 36 stations (six AM, six FM1, six FM2,
six XM1, six XM2 and six weather if your radio is
equipped with the XM Satellite Radio Service), by
performing the following steps:
TONE: Press and release this button until the desired
tone BASS, TREBLE or MIDRANGE appears on the
display. The radio keeps separate tone settings for each
band, preset (except weather band presets) and source.
1. Turn the radio on.
- LEVEL +: After selecting the desired tone control,
press the plus or minus symbol on this button to select
the desired level.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1, FM2, XM1, XM2
or weather.
To save the tone settings for your presets, press and hold
the numbered button for the desired preset for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep.
3. Tune in the desired station.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
for more than two seconds. Whenever you press that
numbered pushbutton for less than two seconds, the
station you set will return.
TONE: Press and release this button until BALANCE
or FADE appears on the display.
- LEVEL +: After selecting the desired control, press
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
the plus or minus symbol on this button to select the
desired level.
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your radio presets because the
radio remembers them.
To save the tone settings for your presets, press and hold
the numbered pushbutton for the desired preset for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep.
3-19
Using DSP
Using RDS
DSP (Digital Signal Processing): This feature is used to
provide a choice of four different listening experiences:
talk, front seat, ambience and spacious. DSP can be used
while listening to the radio, the cassette tape player or the
CD player. Press this button to turn DSP on. Press and
release this button until the desired selection appears on
the display. To turn DSP off, press and hold this button
until DSP OFF appears on the display. When DSP OFF
is displayed, the system will provide the best overall audio
performance. The radio keeps separate DSP settings for
each band (except weather band, which is always set to
talk), preset and source.
Your audio system is equipped with Radio Data Systems
(RDS). RDS mode gives you many useful new features.
With RDS the radio can:
TALK: This setting should be used when listening to
non-musical material such as news, talk shows, sports
broadcasts and books on tape. TALK makes spoken
words sound very clear.
FRONT SEAT: This setting adjusts the audio to give
the driver the best possible sound qualities. Front seat
can be used at any time for any material. Rear seat
passengers in the vehicle may not get the same effect.
AMBIENCE: This setting is used to enhance the
stereo effect.
SPACIOUS: This setting is used to make the listening
space seem larger.
3-20
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies,
D receive and display messages from radio stations and
D search for a stronger station when a station is too
weak for listening.
RDS features are only available for use on FM stations
which broadcast RDS information.
RDS (Radio Data Systems): If you are tuned to a
station broadcasting RDS information, the station’s call
letters and Program Type (PTY) will replace the
station’s frequency on the display. After five seconds,
the program type will be replaced on the display by the
station’s program type name. The program type and
program type name may be the same or different. Press
BAND to recall the frequency and program type
displays. If the radio is tuned to a station that is not
broadcasting RDS information, the station’s frequency
will remain on the display. With RDS the radio will
search for a stronger station in the network when a
station gets too weak for listening.
HR (Hour) or MN (Minute): When tuned to an RDS
station, press these buttons to display the time for the
current station. STATION TIME IS will be displayed. If a
time has not been sent to the radio, NO STATION TIME
will be displayed. If you have recently tuned to the station,
you may need to wait a minute before the time is available
to the radio. To set the clock to the current displayed
station time, press HR or MN until TIME UPDATED is
displayed. You must be tuned to an FM RDS station.
RDS Messages
ALERT: This type of announcement warns of national or
local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off alert
announcements. ALERT appears on the display when an
alert announcement plays. The radio uses TA volume during
these announcements. To increase volume, turn the
PWR/VOL knob clockwise. Turn it counterclockwise to
decrease volume. TA VOLUME will appear on the display
while the volume is being adjusted. When an alert
announcement comes on the current radio station or a related
network station, you will hear it, even if the volume is muted
or a cassette tape or compact disc is playing. If the radio tunes
to a related network station for an alert announcement, it will
return to the original station when the announcement is
finished. If the cassette tape or compact disc player is
playing, play will stop for the announcement and resume
when the announcement is finished.
TA (Traffic Announcement): This feature allows
the radio to receive traffic announcements even with
the volume muted, or when listening to a CD or
cassette tape.
When the TA button is pressed and released, the radio
will search for a station with TA if the current station is
not TA capable. During the search TA will flash on the
display. Once a TA station is found, TA will appear on
the display and the traffic announcement will be played.
If no station broadcasting traffic announcements is
found, NO TRAFFIC STATION FOUND will appear on
the display. If the TA button is pressed and held for
two seconds, the radio will search for the next available
TA station.
While a traffic announcement plays, the radio uses a
special type of volume called TA volume. To increase
TA volume, turn the VOL knob clockwise. Turn it
counterclockwise to decrease volume. TA VOLUME
will appear on the display while the volume is
being adjusted.
3-21
When a traffic announcement comes on the current radio
station or a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a cassette tape or
compact disc is playing. If the radio tunes to a related
network station for a traffic announcement, it will return
to the original station when the announcement is
finished. If the cassette tape or compact disc player was
being used, the tape or compact disc will stay in the
player and resume play at the point where it stopped.
Press the TA button again to turn TA off.
MSG (Message): If the current station has a message,
MSG will appear on the display. Press the MSG button,
to see the message. If the whole message does not appear
on the display, parts of the message will appear every three
seconds until the message is completed. To see the parts
of the message faster than every three seconds, press the
MSG button again. A new group of words will appear
on the display. Once the complete message has been
displayed, MSG will disappear from the display until
another new MSG is received.
t Satellite Radio (If Equipped)
XM
XM is a national satellite radio service that offers up to
100 coast to coast channels including music, news,
sports, talk and children’s programming. XM provides
3-22
digital quality audio and text information, including
song title and artist name. A service fee is required
in order to receive the XM service. For more
information, contact XM at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
MSG (Message): Press this button while in XM mode
to retrieve various pieces of information related to the
current song or channel. By pressing and releasing the
MSG button, you may retrieve four different categories
of information: Artist Name/Feature, Song/Program
Title, Channel Category, and other Additional
Information that may be broadcast on that channel.
Additional Information messages may only be available
at certain times or on certain programs. If an Additional
Information message is being broadcast on the tuned
channel, MSG will appear on the display.
Each of the four information types may have multiple
pages of text. To reach a category, press and release the
MSG button consecutively until the desired type is
displayed. If there are multiple pages of text for the
information selected type, the radio will automatically
display all the pages for that type at a rate of
approximately one page every three seconds before
timing out and returning to the default display. You may
override this feature by pressing the MSG button to
review all of the pages at your own pace.
Setting PTY Preset Stations
Playing a Cassette Tape
PTY (Program Type): Press this button to activate
program type mode. PTY will appear on the display.
With the radio on, insert a cassette tape. The tape will
begin playing as soon as it is inserted. When one side of
your cassette tape is done playing, auto reverse plays the
other side of your cassette tape. A cassette tape may be
loaded with the radio off but it will not start playing
until the radio is on. If you want to insert a cassette tape
when the ignition is off, first press the eject button.
To select a desired PTY, press the LEVEL plus or minus
buttons to scroll up and down through the PTY listing.
PTYs might include rock, popular, jazz, etc. Once the
desired PTY is displayed, press either SEEK arrows or
the SCAN button to enter the PTY mode. This will
allow you to find the next or previous station available
that is broadcasting the selected PTY.
The SEEK arrows or the SCAN button may continue
to be used to search for the desired PTY as long as
PTY appears on the display. To cancel PTY mode, press
and release the PTY button. PTY will disappear from
the display.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, TONE, LEVEL
and DSP controls just as you do for the radio. Other
controls may have different functions when a tape is
inserted. The display will show an underlined tape
symbol. TAPE PLAY will appear on the display when a
tape is playing, with an arrow to indicate which side of
the tape is playing.
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
3-23
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to seek to the
previous selection on the tape. Your tape must have at
least three seconds of silence between each selection for
previous to work. The sound will mute while seeking.
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to seek to the next
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least
three seconds of silence between each selection for
next to work. The sound will mute while seeking.
3 RW (Rewind): Press this pushbutton to rewind the
tape rapidly. The radio will play while the tape rewinds.
Press RW again to return to playing speed.
4 FF (Fast Forward): Press this pushbutton to fast
forward to another part of the tape. The radio will play
while the tape advances. Press FF again to return to
playing speed.

∧ SEEK
∨ : Press the up or down arrow to seek to

the next or previous selection on the tape. Your tape
must have at least three seconds of silence between each
selection for the SEEK arrows to work. The sound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to selections for a few
seconds. The tape will go to a selection, play for a few
seconds, then go on to the next selection. Press this
button again to stop scanning.
3-24
SIDE: Press this button to change the side of the tape
that is playing.
(Eject): Press this button, located to the right of the
cassette tape slot to stop a tape when it is playing or to
eject a tape when it is not playing. Eject may be
activated with the radio off and/or the ignition off.
Cassette Tape Messages
If an error occurs while trying to play a cassette tape, it
could be one of the following has occurred:
D The cassette tape is tight and the cassette player
cannot turn the hubs of the tape. Hold the cassette
tape with the open end down and try turning the right
hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Flip the tape
over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your
cassette tape may be damaged and should not be
used in the player. Try a new tape to be sure your
player is working properly.
D The cassette tape is broken. (Check to see if your
tape is broken. Try a new tape.)
CLEAN TAPE: If this message appears on the display,
the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still
play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noise. Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured
under a license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing
Corporation. Dolby and the double-D symbol are
trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Auto CrO2 allows the cassette tape player to adjust to
the type of cassette tape for clearer sound for CrO2
cassette tapes.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. If the ignition and the radio are on
and the underlined compact disc symbol appears on the
display, the disc will begin playing. Compact discs may
be loaded with the radio off but they will not start
playing until the radio is on. If you want to insert a disc
when the ignition is off, first press the eject button.
The integral CD player can play the smaller 8 cm
compact discs. Full-size compact discs and the smaller
compact discs are loaded in the same manner.
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to seek to the
previous track on the compact disc.
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to seek to the next track
on the compact disc.
3 RW (Rewind): Press this pushbutton to reverse the
compact disc. Release it to return to playing speed.
3-25
4 FF (Fast Forward): Press this pushbutton to fast
forward to another part of the compact disc. Release it to
return to playing speed.
Compact Disc Messages
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to listen to the
tracks in random instead of sequential order. RDM will
appear on the display. Press RDM to turn off random
play. RDM will disappear from the display.
D If you’re driving on a very rough road. When the

∧ SEEK
∨ : Press the up or down arrow to seek to

the next or previous track.
SIDE: Press this pushbutton to play a CD when
listening to the radio.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to tracks for a few
seconds. The compact disc will go to a track, play for a
few seconds, then go on to the next track. Press this
button again to stop scanning.
(Eject): Press this button, located to the right of the
CD slot, to stop a CD when it is playing or to eject a CD
when it is not playing. Eject may be activated with the
radio off and/or the ignition off.
3-26
If the disc comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
road becomes smooth the disc should play.
D If it’s very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the disc should play.
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D The air is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and
try again.)
D If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
Navigation/Radio System (Option)
Navigation/Radio Display and Controls
The display screen is located in the center of the
instrument panel. There are “hard” buttons and a touch
sensitive screen.
Your vehicle may be equipped with an AM-FM stereo
navigation radio system that includes digital sound
processing (DSP), a Radio Data System (RDS) with
program “type” selections (PTY) that will seek out the
kind of music you want to listen to. The radio system
can also communicate with your navigation system to
broadcast announcements on traffic, weather and
emergency alert communications. For information on
how to use this system, see the “Navigation/Radio
System” supplement.
3-27
Glovebox-Mounted CD Changer (Option)
With the compact disc changer, you can play up to
six discs continuously. Normal size discs may be played
using the trays supplied in the magazine. The smaller discs
(8 cm) can be played only with specially designed trays.
Once you have loaded the discs in the magazine, slide
open the door of the compact disc (CD) changer. Push
the magazine into the changer in the direction of the
arrow marked on top of the magazine.
You must first load the magazine with discs before you
can play a compact disc. Each of the six trays holds one
disc. Load the trays from bottom to top, placing a disc in
the tray label side up. If you load a disc label side down,
the disc will not play and an error will occur. Repeat this
procedure for loading up to 6 discs in the magazine.
3-28
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to seek to the
previous track on the CD. If playing the first track of the
CD, pressing the PREV pushbutton will seek to the last
track of the CD. The sound will mute while seeking.
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to seek to the next track
on the CD. If playing last track of the CD, pressing the
NEXT pushbutton will seek to the first track of the CD.
3 RW (Rewind): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly through a track.
4 FF (Fast Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly through a track.
Close the door by sliding it all the way to the right.
When the door is closed, the changer will begin
checking for discs in the magazine. This will continue
for up to one and a half minutes, depending on the
number of discs loaded.
Whenever a CD magazine with discs is loaded in the
changer, the CD changer symbol will appear on the
radio display. If the CD changer is checking the
magazine for CDs, the CD symbol will flash on the
display until the changer is ready to play. When a CD
begins playing, a disc and track number will be
displayed. The disc numbers are listed on the front of
the magazine.
5 DISC: Press this pushbutton to select the next disc in
the changer. Each time you press this button, LOADING
will appear on the display and the disc number on the
radio display will go to that of the next available CD.
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM
will appear on the display. Press the PREV or NEXT
pushbuttons while RDM is on the display to randomly
seek through discs. Press RDM again to turn off random
play. This feature may not be available on your radio.
SCAN: Press this button. You will hear the first few
seconds of the first track on each disc. Press this button
again to stop scanning. The CD will mute while
scanning and SCAN will appear on the display.
3-29
SOURCE: Press this button if you have a disc loaded in
the changer and the radio is on, to play a compact disc.
To return to playing the radio, press BAND. Pressing
source also switches between a tape or compact disc if
both are loaded.
EJECT: Slide the CD changer door all the way open.
Press the EJECT button and the magazine will eject.
Compact Disc Changer Errors
CD CHANGER ERROR could be displayed for one of
the following reasons:
D The road is too rough. The disc should play when the
road is smoother.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or loaded label
side up.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays an
error number, write it down and provide this information
to your dealer when reporting the problem.
3-30
Radio Personalization with Home and Away
Feature (If Equipped)
If DRIVER 1 (HOME or AWAY) PRESETS or
DRIVER 2 (HOME or AWAY) PRESETS appears in the
display when the radio is first turned on, your vehicle is
equipped with this feature.
This feature allows the driver to return to the last used
audio source (radio, cassette or CD) using their remote
keyless entry transmitter. This feature can also store and
recall AM and FM presets, volume, tone and the last
selected radio station. The number on the back of each
transmitter (1 or 2) corresponds to driver 1 or 2. If
transmitter 1 is used to enter the vehicle, the last used
audio source and/or settings set by driver 1 will be
recalled. If transmitter 2 is used to enter the vehicle, the
last used audio source and/or settings set by driver 2 will
be recalled. The settings can also be recalled by pressing
the MEMORY seat buttons 1 or 2 located on the
driver’s door.
Your radio can store home and away presets. Home and
away presets allow you to use one set of preset radio
settings in the area where you live, and another set when
you go out of town. That way, you will not need to
reprogram your presets every time you travel. With the
radio off and the clock displayed, use fast forward and
reverse to select home or away presets. To select the
away presets, press and hold FF for five seconds until
you hear a beep. The next time the radio comes on, the
away presets will be active. To select the home presets,
press and hold RW or REV for five seconds until you
hear a beep. The next time the radio comes on, the home
presets will be active.
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your home radio presets because
the radio remembers them. However, you will have to
reset your away radio presets.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. Your vehicle has a “built-in” theft-deterrent
feature on each radio that is automatic -- there is no
programming required. The radio in your vehicle cannot
be used in any other vehicle. When the radio was
originally installed in your vehicle at the factory, it
stored the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). Each
time the ignition is turned on, the VIN is verified. If the
vehicle’s VIN does not match the VIN stored in the
radio, THEFTLOCK will be activated and the audio
system will not play. If the radio is removed from your
vehicle, the original VIN in the radio can be used to
trace the radio back to your vehicle.
3-31
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Understanding Radio Reception
Some audio controls can be adjusted at the steering
wheel. They include the following:
AM
∧VOL∨ (Volume):
Press the up or down
arrow button to increase
or decrease volume.
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
XM Satellite Radio (If Equipped)
∧ SEL ∨
(Select): When listening to the radio, press
the up or down arrows to tune to the next or previous
preset radio station. When listening to a cassette tape,
these arrows can be used to SEEK forward and rearward
through the tape. Pressing these arrows when listening
to a CD will cause the player to go to the next or
previous track.
3-32
XM Satellite Radio gives you digital radio reception
from coast to coast. Just as with FM, tall buildings or
hills can interfere with Satellite radio signals, causing
the sound to come and go. Your radio may display “NO
SIGNAL” to indicate interference.
Cellular Phone Usage
To help avoid hearing loss or damage do the following:
Cellular phone usage may cause interference with your
vehicle’s radio. This interference may occur when
making or receiving phone calls, charging the phone’s
battery or simply having the phone “on”. This
interference is described as an increased level of static
while listening to the radio. If you notice static while
listening to the radio, unplug the cellular phone and turn
if off.
1. Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
Weather Band (If Equipped)
Weather band is restricted to speech and the audio
quality is not as good as with the AM or FM bands.
Depending on location, the radio should receive one or
two channels.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud
and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
2. Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very
important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation of
your vehicle’s engine, radio or other systems, and
even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may
also interfere with the operation of sound
equipment that has been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
3-33
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLEAN TAPE
to indicate that you have used your tape player for
50 hours without resetting the tape clean timer. If this
message appears on the display, your cassette tape
player needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but
you should clean it as soon as possible to prevent
damage to your tapes and player. If you notice a
reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette to
see if it is the tape or the tape player at fault. If this other
cassette has no improvement in sound quality, clean the
tape player.
The recommended cleaning method for your cassette
tape player is the use of a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealer (GM Part No. 12344789).
3-34
When cleaning the cassette tape player with the
recommended non-abrasive cleaning cassette, it is
possible that the cassette may eject, because the cut tape
detection feature on your radio may recognize it as a
broken tape. To prevent the cleaning cassette from being
ejected, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition to ON or ACCESSORY.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the SOURCE button for two seconds.
The tape symbol on the display will flash
three times.
4. Turn the radio on and insert the scrubbing action
cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
When the cleaning cassette has been ejected, the broken
tape detection feature is active again.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
Care of Your Compact Discs
After you clean the player, press and hold the eject
button for five seconds to reset the CLEAN TAPE
indicator. The radio will display CLEAN TAPE MSG
CLEARED to show the indicator was reset.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges
or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
3-35
Diversity Antenna System
Your AM-FM antennas are located in the front
windshield and rear window. Be sure that the inside
surfaces of the front windshield and rear window are not
scratched and that the lines on the glass are not
damaged. If the inside surfaces are damaged, they could
interfere with radio reception. Also, for proper radio
reception, the antenna connector located on the
passengers side top corner of the front windshield and
the antenna connector located on the drivers side top
corner of the rear window need to be properly attached
to the buttons on the glass.
Do not apply aftermarket glass tinting. The metallic film
in some tinting materials will interfere with or distort the
incoming radio reception.
NOTICE:
Do not try to clear frost or other material from
the inside of the front windshield or rear window
with a razor blade or anything else that is sharp.
This may damage the grid lines and affect your
radio’s ability to pick up stations clearly. The
repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
If, when you turn on your rear window defogger, you
hear static on your radio station, it could mean that a
defogger grid line has been damaged. If this is true, the
grid line must be repaired.
If you choose to add an aftermarket cellular telephone to
your vehicle, and the antenna needs to be attached to the
glass, be sure that you do not damage the grid lines for
the AM-FM antennas or place the cellular telephone
antenna over the grid lines.
XM Satellite Radio Antenna System
(If Equipped)
Your XM Satellite Radio antenna is located on the roof
of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of snow and ice
build up for clear radio reception.
3-36
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-6
4-6
4-9
4-11
4-13
4-14
4-15
4-17
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Traction Control System
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving at Night
4-18
4-21
4-22
4-23
4-24
4-24
4-26
4-30
4-32
4-34
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
4-
4-1
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See “Safety Belts” in the Index.
4-2
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task -- such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on the
floor -- makes proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.
Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull
off the road in a safe place to do them yourself.
These simple defensive driving techniques could
save your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, about 16,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, it’s
against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to solve the leading highway safety
problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then
drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much”
if the driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many
might think. Although it depends on each person
and situation, here is some general information on
the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
D The amount of alcohol consumed
D The drinker’s body weight
D The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
D The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
4-3
Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany.
The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United
States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking will have a
somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of
many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious -- or even
fatal -- collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride with a driver
who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if
you’re with a group, designate a driver who will
not drink.
4-5
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle. Also see “Traction Control System” in
the Index.
4-6
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the
vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes. ABS is an advanced
electronic braking system that will help prevent a
braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You may
hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on, and you may even notice that your brake
pedal moves a little. This is normal.
If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, this
warning light will stay on.
See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” in
the Index.
4-7
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle
while braking hard.
Let’s say the road is wet and you’re driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam
on the brakes and continue braking. Here’s what
happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at
both rear wheels.
4-8
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may hear the
anti-lock pump or motor operate, and feel the brake
pedal pulsate, but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Traction Control System
Your vehicle has a traction control system that limits
wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery road
conditions. The system operates only if it senses that
one or both of the front wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the
system works the front brakes and reduces engine power
to limit wheel spin.
The TRACTION ENGAGED message will display on
the Driver Information Center when the traction control
system is limiting wheel spin. See “Driver Information
Center Messages” in the Index. You may feel or hear
the system working, but this is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. See “Cruise Control” in
the Index.
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To turn the system off, press
the TRAC ON/OFF button
located on the center
console. (For vehicles with
a column shift lever, the
button is located at the end
of the shift lever.)
United States
Canada
This warning light will come on to let you know if
there’s a problem with your traction control system.
See “Traction Control System Warning Light” in the
Index. When this warning light is on, the system will not
limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to. You
should turn the system off if your vehicle ever gets stuck
in sand, mud or snow and rocking the vehicle is
required. See “Rocking Your Vehicle” in the Index.
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The TRACTION OFF message will display on the
Driver Information Center. If the system is limiting
wheel spin when you press the button, the TRACTION
OFF message will display -- but the system won’t turn
off right away. It will wait until there’s no longer a
current need to limit wheel spin.
You can turn the system back on at any time by pressing
the button again. The TRACTION READY message
should display briefly on the Driver Information Center.
The traction control system monitors the front brake
rotor temperature. If the traction control system comes
on while the front brake rotors are hot due to heavy use
of braking or previous traction control, the TRACTION
SUSPENDED message will be displayed -- but the
system won’t turn off right away. It will wait until
there’s no longer a current need to limit wheel spin. The
TRACTION READY message should appear when the
brake rotors are no longer hot and the traction control
system will resume normal operation.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Magnetic Speed Variable Assist Steering
System
This system continuously adjusts the effort you feel
when steering at all vehicle speeds. It provides ease
when parking yet a firm, solid feel at highway speeds.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle
at which the curve is banked, and your speed. While
you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you
can control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems -- steering and acceleration -- have to do
their work where the tires meet the road. Adding the
sudden acceleration can demand too much of those
places. You can lose control. Refer to “Traction
Control System” in the Index.
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What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it
to go, and slow down.
If you have StabilitrakR, you may see the STABILITY
SYS ENGAGED message on the Driver Information
Center. See “Stability Sys Engaged Message” in
the Index.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
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Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasive action -- steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section. It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
Off-Road Recovery
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer so
that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement. You
can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn until the
right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then turn your
steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.
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Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
D “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides
and to crossroads for situations that might affect
your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait for
a better time.
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D Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a
solid line on your side of the lane or a double
solid line, even if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
D Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing,
following too closely reduces your area of vision,
especially if you’re following a larger vehicle.
Also, you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle
ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
D When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
D If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
D Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
D Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
D Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
D If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek an escape route or area of
less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking
reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and by
not “overdriving” those conditions. But skids are
always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
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A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
Remember: Any traction control system helps avoid
only the acceleration skid.
If your traction control system is off, then an
acceleration skid is also best handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
If you have StabilitrakR, you may see the STABILITY
SYS ENGAGED message on the Driver Information
Center. See “Stability Sys Engaged Message” in
the Index.
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Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow down
when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
Driving at Night
Here are some tips on night driving.
D Drive defensively.
D Don’t drink and drive.
D Since you can’t see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
D Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
D In remote areas, watch for animals.
D If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired -- by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
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You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who
doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even aware of it.
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Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled
with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
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Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces. If
you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can be
carried away. As little as six inches of flowing
water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this
happens, you and other vehicle occupants could
drown. Don’t ignore police warning signs, and
otherwise be very cautious about trying to drive
through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
D Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
D Have good tires with proper tread depth. See “Tires”
in the Index.
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City Driving
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
D Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into an
unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
D Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”
D Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light
is there because the corner is busy enough to need it.
When a light turns green, and just before you start
to move, check both ways for vehicles that have
not cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
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Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
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Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not,
under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to
the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
D Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
D Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
D Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
D Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
D Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in
Cadillac dealerships all across North America. They’ll
be ready and willing to help if you need it.
D Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
recommended pressure?
along your route? Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
D Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
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Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let
it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
D Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
D Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
D If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
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Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
D Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
D Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the
slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
CAUTION:
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going
down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to let
your engine assist your brakes on a steep
downhill slope.
CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Always have your engine running
and your vehicle in gear when you go downhill.
D Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better.
D Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
D As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be
something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.
D You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
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Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
D Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
D You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
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Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32_F; 0_C) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution.
Keep your traction control system on. It improves your
ability to accelerate when driving on a slippery road.
Even though your vehicle has a traction control system,
you’ll want to slow down and adjust your driving to the
road conditions. See “Traction Control System” in
the Index.
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Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have the anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
D Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
D Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe:
D Turn on your hazard flashers.
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D Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
D Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will help
keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
with your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
4-29
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your
vehicle behind another vehicle -- such as behind a
motorhome. The two most common types of
recreational vehicle towing are known as “dinghy
towing” (towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the
ground) and “dolly towing” (towing your vehicle with
two wheels on the ground and two wheels up on a
device known as a “dolly”).
4-30
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Towing” and “Dolly Towing,” following.
Here are some important things to consider before you
do recreational vehicle towing:
D What’s the towing capacity of the towing
vehicle? Be sure you read the tow vehicle
manufacturer’s recommendations.
D How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they can tow.
D Do you have the proper towing equipment? See your
dealer or trailering professional for additional advice
and equipment recommendations.
D Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you would
prepare your vehicle for a long trip, you’ll want to
make sure your vehicle is prepared to be towed. See
“Before Leaving on a Long Trip” in the Index.
Dinghy Towing
Dolly Towing
NOTICE:
Towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the
ground will damage drivetrain components.
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all four
wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be towed,
you should use a dolly. See “Dolly Towing” later in this
section for more information.
Your vehicle can be towed using a dolly. To tow your
vehicle using a dolly, follow these steps:
1. Put the front wheels on the dolly.
2. Put the vehicle in PARK (P).
3. Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a
straight-ahead position.
5. Release the parking brake.
4-31
Loading Your Vehicle
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information
label found on the rear edge of the driver’s side rear
door tells you the proper size, speed rating and
recommended inflation pressures for the tires on your
vehicle. It also gives you important information about
the number of people that can be in your vehicle and the
total weight that your vehicle can carry. This weight is
called the Vehicle Capacity Weight and includes the
weight of all occupants, cargo and all options not
installed in the factory.
4-32
The other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver’s door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes
the weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle or the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front or
rear axle.
If you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out.
Don’t carry more than 203 lbs. (92 kg) in the trunk.
CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the life
of your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail because of overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages or anything else -- they will go as fast as
the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly, or
if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or in
a crash.
D Put things in the trunk of your vehicle. In a
trunk, put them as far forward as you can.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
D Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
D Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
D When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
4-33
Electronic Level Control
This feature keeps the rear of your vehicle level as the
load changes. It’s automatic -- you don’t need to
adjust anything.
Towing a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy, the
brakes may not work well -- or even at all. You
and your passengers could be seriously injured.
You may also damage your vehicle; the resulting
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Pull a trailer only if you have followed all the
steps in this section. Ask your dealer for advice
and information about towing a trailer with
your vehicle.
4-34
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with the
proper trailer towing equipment. To identify what the
vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer”
that appears later in this section. But trailering is
different than just driving your vehicle by itself.
Trailering means changes in handling, durability and
fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes correct
equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine is
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
D There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
D Consider using a sway control. You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
D Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
D the weight of the trailer,
D the weight of the trailer tongue
D and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg).
These are total maximum weights including the load.
But even that can be too heavy.
D Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
The maximum trailer weight for your vehicle can be
determined from the Gross Combined Vehicle Weight
(GCVW). The GCVW = curb weight + passenger’s
weight + cargo weight + trailer weight. The GCVW
should never be more than 7,200 lbs. (3 273 kg).
D Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig.
For example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a
trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any
special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers, or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h), to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
4-35
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total or gross
weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. And if you tow a trailer, you must
add the tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle
will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index for more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
4-36
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch or a
weight-distributing hitch, the trailer tongue (A)
should weigh 10-15 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Safety Chains
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Tire-Loading Information label at the rear edge of the
driver’s side rear door or see “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index. Then be sure you don’t go over the GVW
limit for your vehicle, including the weight of the
trailer tongue.
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
D The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a frame-mounted
hitch that does not attach to the bumper.
D Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do,
then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your
vehicle. See “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index.
Dirt and water can, too.
Trailer Brakes
Because you have anti-lock brakes, don’t try to tap into
your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system. If you do, both
brake systems won’t work well, or at all. If you tow
more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg), use trailer brakes. Be sure
to follow the instructions that come with the trailer or
from the brake manufacturer.
Be sure to read and follow the instructions for the trailer
brakes so you’ll be able to maintain them properly.
4-37
Driving with a Trailer
Following Distance
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
4-38
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider
turns than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t
strike soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other
objects. Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well
in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring. Check
with your dealer. The arrows on your instrument panel
will flash whenever you signal a turn or lane change.
Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash,
telling other drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes
or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you
are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s important
to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are
still working.
4-39
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On long uphill grades, reduce speed to 45 to 50 mph
(70 to 90 km/h) and avoid prolonged use of
SECOND (2) gear and engine speeds above 3800 rpm.
Climbing grades steeper than four percent at
temperatures above 90_ F (32_ C) with a loaded vehicle
and trailer is not recommended. The cooling system may
temporarily overheat. See “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
Parking on Hills
CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People can
be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer
can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but do not shift
into PARK (P).
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then shift into
PARK (P) firmly and apply your parking brakes.
5. Release the regular brakes.
4-40
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
D start your engine,
D shift into a gear, and
D make sure the parking brake has released.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, drive belt, cooling system and brake system.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index
will help you find them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s
a good idea to review this information before you start
your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
4-41
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5-3
5-3
5-10
5-10
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
5-13
5-19
5-20
5-30
5-31
Cooling System
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
Compact Spare Tire
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
5-
5-1
Hazard Warning Flashers
The hazard warning button
is located on the center of
the instrument panel
between the two air vents.
The light in the center of the
button will flash, indicating
that the hazard warning
flashers are on.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position the key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off. Press the button again to turn the
flashers off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, the turn
signals won’t work.
5-2
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
Jump Starting
If you cannot start your vehicle and you are unable to
remove your key from the ignition, see “Shift Lock
Release” in the Index.
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Be sure to follow the steps below to do it safely.
CAUTION:
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage
to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
The ACDelcoR battery in your vehicle has a
built-in hydrometer. Do not charge, test or jump
start the battery if the hydrometer looks clear
or light yellow. Replace the battery when there
is a clear or light yellow hydrometer and a
cranking complaint.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
D They contain acid that can burn you.
D They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
D They contain enough electricity to burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some or all
of these things can hurt you.
5-3
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic transaxle
in PARK (P) or a manual transaxle in NEUTRAL
before setting the parking brake.
5-4
NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or in the accessory power outlets. Turn off the
radio and all lamps that aren’t needed. This will
avoid sparks and help save both batteries. And it
could save your radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the positive (+) and
negative (-) terminal locations on the other vehicle.
Your vehicle has a remote (+) jump starting terminal
and a remote negative (-) jump starting terminal.
The remote positive (+)
terminal is located in
the engine compartment
on the passenger’s
side of the vehicle.
A second remote
positive (+) terminal is
located on the rear
underseat fuse block.
Lift the red plastic cap
to access the terminal.
The remote negative (-) terminal is located near
the power steering fluid reservoir. It is marked
“GND (-).” See “Engine Compartment Overview”
in the Index for more information on location.
You will not see the battery of your vehicle under the
hood. It is located under the rear passenger’s seat.
You will not need to access the battery for jump
starting. The remote positive (+) terminal is for
that purpose.
CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
5-5
CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t
need to add water to the ACDelcoR battery
installed in every new GM vehicle. But if a
battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take
care of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas could
be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
5-6
CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could also be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one. Negative (-) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (-) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Don’t connect positive (+) to the negative (-) or you
will get a short that would damage the battery and
maybe other parts, too. And don’t connect the
negative (-) cable to negative (-) terminal on the
dead battery because this can cause sparks.
6. Connect the red
positive (+) cable to
the remote positive (+)
terminal location on the
vehicle with the dead
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal
if the vehicle has one.
7. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal location of the
vehicle with the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the
black negative (-) cable
to the negative (-)
terminal location of the
vehicle with the good
battery. Use a remote
negative (-) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
Don’t let the other end of the cable touch anything
until the next step. The other end of the negative (-)
cable doesn’t go to the dead battery. It goes to a
heavy, unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (-) terminal on the vehicle with the
dead battery.
5-7
9. Connect the other end of
the negative (-) cable to
the negative (-) terminal
location on the vehicle
with the dead battery.
Your vehicle has a remote
negative (-) terminal
marked GND (-)
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
5-8
NOTICE:
Damage to your vehicle may result from
electrical shorting if jumper cables are removed
incorrectly. To prevent electrical shorting, take
care that the cables don’t touch each other or any
other metal period. The repairs wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty.
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles,
do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable the vehicle
that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
5. Return the remote positive (+) terminal cover to
its original position.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and Remote
Negative (-) Terminals
C. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or Remote
Negative (-) Terminal (GND)
5-9
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your disabled vehicle towed. See
“Roadside Assistance” in the Index. If you want to tow
your vehicle behind another vehicle for recreational
purposes (such as behind a motorhome), see
“Recreational Vehicle Towing” in the Index.
Engine Overheating
You will find an ENGINE COOLANT HOT, IDLE
ENGINE message or an ENGINE OVERHEATED,
STOP ENGINE message displayed in the Driver
Information Center (DIC). You will also hear a chime.
There is also an engine temperature warning light and/or
gage on the instrument panel cluster. See “Engine
Coolant Temperature Warning Light” or “Engine
Coolant Temperature Gage” in the Index.
5-10
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
If an overheated engine condition exists and the message
ENGINE OVERHEATED, STOP ENGINE is displayed,
an overheat protection mode which alternates firing
groups of cylinders helps prevent engine damage. In this
mode, you will notice a loss in power and engine
performance. This operating mode allows your vehicle
to be driven to a safe place in an emergency; you may
drive up to 50 miles (80 km). Driving extended miles
(km) and/or towing a trailer in the overheat protection
mode should be avoided.
NOTICE:
After driving in the overheated engine protection
operating mode, to avoid engine damage, allow
the engine to cool before attempting any repair.
The engine oil will be severely degraded. Repair
the cause of coolant loss, change the oil and reset
the oil life system. See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn you
badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before you
open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You or
others could be badly burned. Stop your engine if
it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the
engine is cool. See “Overheated Engine
Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
5-11
NOTICE:
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. If your air conditioner is on, turn it off.
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
An overheat warning, along with a low coolant message,
can indicate a serious problem. See “Low Coolant
Message” in the Index.
If you get an engine overheat warning with no low
coolant message, but see or hear no steam, the problem
may not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get a
little too hot when you:
D
D
D
D
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
5-12
2. Set the temperature control to the highest heat setting
and open the windows, as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( )
or THIRD (3).
B
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can
drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, idle the engine for
three minutes while you’re parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of the
vehicle until it cools down. Also, see “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” listed previously in
this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood can
start up even when the engine is not running and
can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
A. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
5-13
A low coolant level should be indicated by a CHECK
COOLANT LEVEL message on the Driver Information
Center. If it is, you may have a leak at the pressure cap
or in the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water
pump or somewhere else in the cooling system.
CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them. If you
do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check to
see if the electric engine cooling fans are running. If the
engine is overheating, both fans should be running. If
they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
5-14
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” in the Index.
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you use
only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to the
system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, check to see if
coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant is visible
but the coolant level isn’t at the proper level (2.5 inches
(6.4 cm) below the base of the filler neck), add a
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant at the coolant surge tank, but
be sure the cooling system, including the coolant surge
tank pressure cap, is cool before you do it. See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for more information.
CAUTION: (Continued)
Never turn the cap when the cooling system,
including the coolant surge tank pressure cap, is
hot. Wait for the cooling system and coolant
surge tank pressure cap to cool if you ever have
to turn the pressure cap.
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add coolant
as follows:
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the coolant
surge tank pressure cap -- even a little -- they
can come out at high speed.
CAUTION: (Continued)
5-15
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid such as alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
5-16
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
So use the recommended coolant.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface. You can remove
the coolant surge tank pressure cap when the cooling
system, including the coolant surge tank pressure cap
and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot. Turn the
pressure cap slowly counterclockwise (left) until it
first stops. (Don’t press down while turning the
pressure cap.)
2. Then keep turning the cap, but now push down as
you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
5-17
3. Then fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture, to the base of the filler neck.
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off, start the
engine and let it run until you can feel the upper
radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the engine
cooling fans.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mixture to the coolant surge tank
until the level reaches about 2.5 inches (6.4 cm)
below the base of the filler neck.
5-18
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the arrow on
the pressure cap lines up like this.
Start the engine and allow it to warm up. If the CHECK
COOLANT LEVEL message does not appear on the
Driver Information Center, coolant is at the proper fill
level. If a CHECK COOLANT LEVEL message does
appear, repeat Steps 1 to 3 and reinstall the pressure cap
or see your dealer.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-19
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
CAUTION:
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
2. Set the parking brake firmly.
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t move,
you can put blocks at the front and rear of the
tire farthest away from the one being changed.
That would be the tire on the other side of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
5-20
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you’ll need is in the trunk.
2. Grab the handle and
remove the cover.
Instructions for changing your tires are on the inside of
the tire cover located in your trunk.
To gain access to the instructions, spare tire and jacking
equipment, do the following:
1. Press the area at the
front of the handle
located on the cover so
that the back edge raises.
3. Unscrew the wing nuts to remove the container that
holds the wrench and jack.
5-21
4. Remove the wheel wrench, jack and compact spare
tire from the trunk. See “Compact Spare Tire” later
in this section for more information about the
compact spare tire.
Removing the Wheel Cover
Models with Center Wheel Cover
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A) and the
wheel wrench (B).
For models having aluminum wheels with a center
wheel cover, use the flat end of the wheel wrench to
gently pry the wheel covers off. Be careful not to scratch
the aluminum wheel edge and don’t try to remove it
with your hands.
For models having wheel nuts exposed, use the wheel
wrench to remove the wheel nut covers.
5-22
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
1. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove them yet.
5-23
CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
CAUTION:
2. Find the jacking location from the diagrams above
and corresponding hoisting notches located in the
plastic molding. The front location is 8.5 inches
(21 cm) from the rear edge of the front wheel well,
and the rear location is 3.5 inches (8.5 cm) from the
front edge of the rear wheel well.
The notches may also be labeled “JACK” with an
arrow pointing to the jacking location on the vehicle.
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even make
the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal injury and
vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack lift head
into the proper location before raising the vehicle.
3. Turn the jack handle counterclockwise to lower the
jack lift head until the jack fits under the vehicle.
4. Raise the jack until the metal flange fits firmly into
the channel of the jack head.
5. Put the compact spare tire near you.
5-24
8. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
CAUTION:
6. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle clockwise.
Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground for the
compact spare tire to fit under the vehicle.
7. Remove all wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or
dirt off.
5-25
CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
10. Put the wheel nuts back
on with the rounded end
of the nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten each nut
by hand until the wheel
is held against the hub.
9. Place the compact
spare tire on the
wheel-mounting
surface.
11. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
5-26
12. Tighten the wheel
nuts firmly in a
crisscross sequence
as shown.
If your vehicle is equipped with wheel nut covers,
screw them on with your fingers, then tighten
one-quarter turn with the wheel wrench.
CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and
have the nuts tightened with a torque wrench
to 100 lb-ft (140 N·m).
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
5-27
13. Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your compact
spare tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover and
lug nut caps in the trunk until you have the flat tire
repaired or replaced.
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare.
If you try to put a wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
After you’ve put the compact spare tire on your vehicle,
you’ll need to store the flat tire in your trunk.
Store the flat tire as far forward in the trunk as possible.
Store the jack and wheel wrench in their compartment in
the trunk. For storage, the jack must be raised until the
screw end is flush with the edge of the jack.
5-28
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
The compact spare is for temporary use only. Replace
the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as soon as
you can. See the storage instructions label for
information on how to properly position and store
the compact spare tire.
A. Wrench
B. Jack
C. Jack Container
D. Retainer
E. Compact Spare
Tire Cover
5-29
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated
when your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a
time. Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should
be 60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make sure your
spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare is
made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your full-size tire
repaired or replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best
to replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you
can. Your spare will last longer and be in good shape in
case you need it again.
NOTICE:
When the compact spare is installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare. Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
5-30
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
NOTICE:
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin
your wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking”
can help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must
use caution.
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transaxle back and
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can
explode, and you or others could be injured. And,
the transaxle or other parts of the vehicle can
overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. You should turn
your traction control system off. See “Traction Control
System” in the Index. Then shift back and forth between
REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels
as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while
you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transaxle is in gear. By slowly spinning your
wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you will
cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle. If
that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may need
to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out, see
“Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
5-31
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
6-2
6-3
6-5
6-6
6-9
6-9
6-12
6-17
6-21
6-25
6-28
6-29
6-30
6-31
6-34
6-36
6-47
Service
Fuel
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under the Hood
Engine Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Engine Coolant
Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
Brakes
Battery
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
6-48
6-59
6-59
6-64
6-65
6-66
6-66
6-67
6-68
6-68
6-69
6-73
6-77
6-77
6-78
Tires
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning Aluminum or Chrome-Plated
Wheels (If Equipped)
Underbody Maintenance
Chemical Paint Spotting
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
Electrical System
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
6-
6-1
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
6-2
CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
D Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
D Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer before adding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
Fuel
Gasoline Octane
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane of
87 or higher. However, for best performance and for
trailer towing, you may wish to use middle grade or
premium unleaded gasoline. If the octane is less than 87,
you may get a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If
it is bad enough, it can damage your engine.
6-3
Gasoline Specifications
California Fuel
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by the American Automobile
Manufacturers Association and endorsed by the
Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers’ Association for better
vehicle performance and engine protection. Gasolines
meeting these specifications could provide improved
driveability and emission control system performance
compared to other gasolines.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (see the underhood emission control label), it
is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If this fuel is not available in states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may
turn on (see “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the Index)
and your vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this
occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the condition is caused
by the type of fuel used, repairs may not be covered by
your warranty.
In Canada, look for
the “Auto Makers’
Choice” label on
the pump.
Canada Only
6-4
Additives
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does
not recommend the use of such gasolines. Fuels
containing MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs and
the performance of the emission control system may be
affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may turn on.
If this occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer
for service.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work properly.
You should not have to add anything to your fuel.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in
your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly if
they comply with the specifications described earlier.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your
fuel system and also damage plastic and rubber
parts. That damage wouldn’t be covered under
your warranty.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard to
find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
6-5
Filling Your Tank
CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
The fuel cap is located behind a hinged door on the
driver’s side of your vehicle.
6-6
The fuel door release button
is located to the left of the
steering wheel next to the
exterior lamp control.
The button only works when the vehicle is in PARK (P)
or NEUTRAL (N), when the key is in the ignition and
the VALET lockout button is in OFF.
An alternate fuel door
release is located inside of
the trunk on the driver’s
side. Pull it to release the
fuel door.
While refueling, hang the fuel cap by the tether from the
hook on the fuel door.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The fuel cap has a spring in it;
if you let go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to
the right.
6-7
CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourself and then
something ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the
fuel cap too quickly. This spray can happen if
your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in hot
weather. Open the fuel cap slowly and wait for
any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew the cap all
the way.
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
6-8
The CHECK GAS CAP message in the Driver
Information Center (DIC) will come on if the fuel cap is
not properly reinstalled.
NOTICE:
If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get the
right type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you
get the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This
may cause your malfunction indicator lamp to
light and may damage your fuel tank and
emissions system. See “Malfunction Indicator
Lamp” in the Index.
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the gasoline vapor. You can
be badly burned and your vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:
D Dispense gasoline only into
approved containers.
D Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
D Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
D Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
Checking Things Under the Hood
CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up and
injure you even when the engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others
could be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
6-9
Hood Release
To lift the hood, use the following steps:
1. Pull the lever inside the
vehicle to open the
hood. It is located on the
lower left side of the
instrument panel.
Without Night Vision
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and find the
secondary hood release lever. The lever is located
under the front edge of the grille on vehicles with
Night Vision and under the bottom edge of the grille
on vehicles without Night Vision. Move the release
lever and raise the hood.
With Night Vision
6-10
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood, you’ll see:
A. Windshield Washer
Fluid Reservoir
B. Underhood Fuse Block
C. Engine Coolant Surge Tank
and Pressure Cap
D. Power Steering Fluid
E. Engine Oil Fill Cap
F. Engine Oil Dipstick
G. Brake Master Cylinder
H. Transaxle Fluid Cap and Dipstick
I. Engine Air Cleaner Filter
6-11
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler caps are on
properly. Then pull the hood down and close it firmly.
Underhood Lamp
The underhood lamp will come on when the hood is
opened and the parking lamps are turned on.
Engine Oil
If the CHECK OIL LEVEL message appears on the
instrument cluster, it means you need to check your
engine oil level right away. For more information, see
“Check Message, Oil Level” in the Index.
You should check your engine oil level regularly; this is
an added reminder.
6-12
Checking Engine Oil
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick is
located behind the radiator
on the driver’s side of the
vehicle. The handle is a
yellow loop that says
ENGINE OIL on it. For
more information on
location, see “Engine
Compartment Overview” in
the Index.
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has so
much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area upper mark that shows
the proper operating range, your engine could
be damaged.
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use.
For engine oil crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and
Specifications” in the Index.
The engine oil fill cap is
located behind the radiator
on the passenger’s side of
the vehicle. For more
information on location, see
“Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index.
Turn the cap counterclockwise to remove it.
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
6-13
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the starburst symbol.
This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by
the American Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any
oil which does not carry this starburst symbol.
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container.
If you have your oil
changed for you, be sure
the oil put into your engine
is American Petroleum
Institute certified for
gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
6-14
As in the chart shown previously, SAE 5W-30 is best for
your vehicle. However, you can use SAE 10W-30 if it’s
going to be 0 F (-18 C) or above. These numbers on an
oil container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-50.
_
_
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
GM GoodwrenchR oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area where the temperature falls
below -20 F (-29 C), consider using either an
SAE 5W-30 synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both
will provide easier cold starting and better protection for
your engine at extremely low temperatures.
_
_
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol are all you will need for good
performance and engine protection.
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System )
t
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is based on
engine revolutions and engine temperature, and not on
mileage. Based on driving conditions, the mileage at
which an oil change will be indicated can vary
considerably. For the oil life system to work properly,
you must reset the system every time the oil is changed.
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL message in the
Driver Information Center (DIC) will come on. Change
your oil as soon as possible within the next two times
you stop for fuel. It is possible that, if you are driving
under the best conditions, the oil life system may not
indicate that an oil change is necessary for over a year.
However, your engine oil and filter must be changed at
least once a year and at this time the system must be
reset. It is also important to check your oil regularly and
keep it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must change
your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last oil
change. Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed.
6-15
How to Reset the CHANGE ENGINE OIL Message
What to Do with Used Oil
The GM Oil Life System calculates when to change
your engine oil and filter based on vehicle use. Anytime
your oil is changed, reset the system so it can calculate
when the next oil change is required. If a situation
occurs where you change your oil prior to a CHANGE
ENGINE OIL message in the Driver Information Center
(DIC) being turned on, reset the system.
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Don’t let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean
your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good hand
cleaner. Wash or properly throw away clothing or rags
containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
After the oil has been changed, the CHANGE ENGINE
OIL message must be reset. To reset the message, do
the following:
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from
the filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting
it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or
into streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by
taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you have
a problem properly disposing of your used oil, ask
your dealer, a service station or a local recycling center
for help.
t
1. Press the INFO button on the Driver Information
Center (DIC) until ENGINE OIL LIFE is displayed.
2. Press and hold the RESET button until
100% ENGINE OIL LIFE is displayed. This resets
the oil life indicator.
The percentage of oil life remaining may be checked at
any time by pressing the INFO button until ENGINE
OIL LIFE is displayed on the DIC. For more
information on the oil life indicator, see “Oil Life
Indicator” in the Index.
6-16
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
The engine air cleaner/filter is located on the driver’s
side of the vehicle. For more information on location,
see “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index.
2. Lift up the outboard side of the cover at an angle
while pulling toward you. This is necessary due to
the three tabs located on the rear of the cover.
Be sure the engine has cooled before following these
steps to replace the engine air cleaner/filter:
3. Remove the engine air cleaner/filter element and any
loose debris that may be found lying in the air
cleaner base.
1. Loosen and remove both wing screws on the top of
the engine air cleaner/filter cover.
4. Replace the air filter element.
6-17
Follow these steps to reinstall the cover to the engine air
cleaner/filter housing:
1. Align the three tabs located on the back of the cover
with the three slots on the back of the housing.
2. Push the cover slightly down and towards the
engine to engage the tabs in the slots and align the
two wing screws.
3. Engage and tighten the two wing screws on the top
of the engine air cleaner/filter housing cover.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the air filter.
CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops flame if
the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires, you could be burned. Don’t
drive with it off, and be careful working on the
engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily
get into your engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when
you’re driving.
6-18
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
The passenger compartment air filter traps most of the
pollen from the air entering your vehicle. Like your
vehicle’s air cleaner filter, it may need to be changed
periodically. For how often to change the passenger
compartment air filter, see “Maintenance Schedule” in
the Index.
1. To access the passenger compartment air filter, use a
tool to gently pry the cover up. (If your vehicle has
tabs that allow you to unlatch the cover with your
fingers, you will not need a tool for this step.)
The access panel for the passenger compartment air
filter is located under the hood near the windshield, on
the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
6-19
2. Then, insert a tool behind the push pin located on the
inboard side of the air filter compartment to carefully
pry the pin out.
3. To remove the air filter, insert a tool between the air
filter and the compartment wall on the outboard side
of the vehicle. Then, push in to flatten the pin
holding the air filter in place. Gently remove the air
filter and any loose debris that may be inside the air
filter compartment.
4. Insert the new air filter by pushing until you hear a
click. Then, reinstall the push pin and snap the cover
into place.
6-20
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
How to Check
When to Check and Change
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you
may choose to have this done at the dealership
service department.
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
D In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
D In hilly or mountainous terrain.
D When doing frequent trailer towing.
D Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
D Use such as limousine service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require change
until the message CHANGE TRANS FLUID appears on
the Driver Information Center.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the
instructions here, or you could get a false reading
on the dipstick.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts
or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Too little
fluid could cause the transaxle to overheat. Be
sure to get an accurate reading if you check your
transaxle fluid.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
6-21
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
Checking the Fluid Level
D
D
D
D
D Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
When outside temperatures are above 90_F (32_C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at
normal operating temperature, which is 180_F to
200_F (82_C to 93_C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50_F
(10_C). If it’s colder than 50_F (10_C), you may
have to drive longer.
6-22
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
engine running.
D With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
D With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
D Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow
these steps:
The transaxle fluid cap is
located next to the radiator
hose and below the engine
air cleaner/filter assembly
on the driver’s side of the
vehicle. See “Engine
Compartment Overview”
in the Index for more
information on location.
1. After removing the engine air cleaner/filter assembly
to reach the transaxle fluid cap, turn the cap
counterclockwise to remove. Pull out the dipstick
and wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. The fluid level must be in the
cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push
the dipstick back in all the way and turn the
handle clockwise. Reinstall the engine air
cleaner/filter assembly.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
6-23
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
NOTICE:
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRONR-III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than
DEXRONR-III is not covered by your new
vehicle warranty.
6-24
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push
the dipstick back in all the way and turn the
handle clockwise.
How to Reset the Transaxle Fluid Indicator
After the transaxle fluid has been changed, the transaxle
fluid change indicator must be reset. To reset the
indicator, do the following:
1. Press the INFO button on the Driver
Information Center (DIC) until TRANS FLUID
LIFE is displayed.
2. Press and hold the RESET button until 100% is
displayed. This resets the transaxle fluid
change indicator.
The percentage of transaxle fluid life remaining may be
checked at any time by pressing the INFO on the DIC
until the TRANS FLUID LIFE message appears.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOLR engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOLR extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how
to add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant will:
D
D
D
D
D
Give freezing protection down to -34_F (-37_C).
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you use
only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to the
system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the use
of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
Give boiling protection up to 265_F (129_C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights gages lights and gages work
as they should.
6-25
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOLR coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture, you
don’t need to add anything else.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid such as alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
6-26
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core
and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant, you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
Checking Coolant
CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
Never turn the surge tank pressure cap -- even a
little -- when the engine and radiator are hot.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the FULL
COLD mark, located on the side of the surge tank that
faces the engine.
The engine coolant surge tank is located toward the rear
of the engine compartment on the passenger’s side of
the vehicle. For more information on location, see
“Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index.
If the CHECK COOLANT LEVEL message comes on
and stays on, it means you’re low on engine coolant.
For more information, see “Check Message, Coolant
Level” in the Index.
6-27
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
engine is cool.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure the arrow
lines up with the tube.
6-28
Surge Tank Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
The surge tank cap is a 18 psi (124 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating. Be sure the arrow on the cap
lines up with the overflow hose. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location.
Power Steering Fluid
The power steering
fluid reservoir is located
between the fuse block
relay center and the engine
on the passenger’s side of
the vehicle.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark.
If necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the
level up to the mark.
What to Use
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected and
repaired. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for reservoir location.
6-29
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing. See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index for reservoir location.
NOTICE:
D When using concentrated washer fluid,
D
Adding Washer Fluid
The CHECK WASHER FLUID message will be
displayed on the Driver Information Center (DIC) when
the fluid is low.
The windshield washer fluid
reservoir is located in front
of the underhood fuse block
on the passenger’s side of
the vehicle.
Open the cap with the washer symbol on it. Add washer
fluid until the tank is full.
6-30
D
D
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other parts of the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold. This
allows for expansion if freezing occurs,
which could damage the tank if it is
completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
The other reason is that fluid is leaking out of the brake
system. If it is, you should have your brake system fixed,
since a leak means that sooner or later your brakes won’t
work well, or won’t work at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
CAUTION:
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is on the driver’s side
of the engine compartment. It is filled with DOT-3 brake
fluid. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake
fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal
brake lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid
level goes back up.
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is hot
enough. You or others could be burned, and your
vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid only
when work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
If the ignition is in ON and the brake fluid is low, the
CHECK BRAKE FLUID message will be displayed in
the Driver Information Center (DIC).
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See “Brake System Warning
Light” in the Index.
6-31
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container
only. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in
the Index.
NOTICE:
D Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
6-32
D
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on your vehicle. If you do, wash it off
immediately. See “Appearance Care” in
the Index.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that
make a high-pitched warning sound when the brake
pads are worn and new pads are needed. The sound
may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle
is moving (except when you are pushing on the brake
pedal firmly).
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
See “Brake System Inspection” in Section 7
of this manual under Part C “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections.”
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
6-33
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake
parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you need new ones put in -- be sure you get
new approved GM replacement parts. If you don’t, your
brakes may no longer work properly. For example, if
someone puts in brake linings that are wrong for your
vehicle, the balance between your front and rear brakes
can change -- for the worse. The braking performance
you’ve come to expect can change in many other ways if
someone puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.
Battery
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelcoR battery. When it’s time for a new battery,
get one that has the replacement number shown on
the original battery’s label. We recommend an
ACDelco battery.
6-34
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer and
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
The battery is located under the rear seat cushion.
To access the battery, see “Removing the Rear Seat
Cushion” in the Index. You don’t need to access the
battery to jump start your vehicle. See “Jump Starting”
in the Index.
CAUTION:
A battery that isn’t properly vented can let
sulfuric acid fumes into the area under the rear
seat cushion. These fumes can damage your rear
seat safety belt systems. You may not be able to
see this damage, and the safety belts might not
provide the protection needed in a crash. If a
replacement battery is ever needed, it must be
vented in the same manner as the original
battery. Always make sure that the vent hose
is properly reattached before reinstalling the
seat cushion.
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
To be sure the vent hose (A) is properly attached, the
vent hose connectors (B) must be securely reattached to
the vent outlets (C) on each side of the battery, and the
vent assembly grommet (D) must be secured to the
floor pan (E).
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
6-35
Bulb Replacement
For the proper type of replacement bulb, see
“Replacement Bulbs” in the Index.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
Headlamps
1. To access the
headlamps, remove all
of the push-pins that
hold the filler panel
cover in place.
Halogen Bulbs
CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
6-36
2. Do this by pressing in
the center of each pin
and then pulling up on
the outer circle to
remove the pin.
3. Remove the two bolts at the top of the
headlamp assembly.
5. Use a tool to help pry the headlamp assembly away
from the vehicle.
4. Loosen the bolt at the bottom of the
headlamp assembly.
6-37
7. Remove the bulb socket
dust cover.
6. Firmly grasp the outboard side of the headlamp
assembly with both hands and pull hard enough so
that the whole assembly separates from the vehicle.
6-38
8. Turn the headlamp
housing socket
counterclockwise to
unlock the socket from
the lamp housing.
9.
Pull the old bulb out of
the socket.
To reinstall the filler panel, do the following:
1. Place the filler panel in the correct location.
2. Reset each push-pin by holding each by the outer
circle while pushing up on the pin assembly from
below. The center portion of the push-pin should
now be above the outer circle.
3. After placing each push-pin into the opening, press
down on the outer circle until it is seated against the
surface of the filler panel.
10. Install the new bulb into the socket. Make sure that
the bulb is locked in firmly.
4. Lock each push-pin in place by pressing the center
of each down until it is level with the outer circle.
Use care not to press down so far that the push-pin
releases again.
11. Reinstall the headlamp housing socket into the
headlamp assembly.
12. Reinstall the headlamp assembly by reversing
Steps 2 through 6.
6-39
Headlamp Aiming
If your vehicle is damaged in an accident, the headlamp
aim may be affected. Aim adjustment to the low beam
may be necessary if it is difficult to see lane markers
(for horizontal aim), or if oncoming drivers flash their
high beams at you (for vertical aim). If you believe your
headlamps need to be re-aimed, we recommend that you
take your vehicle to your dealer for service. However, it
is possible for you to re-aim your headlamps as
described in the following procedure.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle has a visual optical headlamp aiming system
equipped with horizontal aim indicators. The aim has been
preset at the factory and should need no further adjustment.
This is true even though your horizontal aim indicators may
not fall exactly on the “0” (zero) marks on their scales.
6-40
To make sure your headlamps are aimed
properly, read all the instructions before
beginning. Failure to follow these instructions
could cause damage to headlamp parts.
The vehicle should be properly prepared as follows:
D The vehicle should be placed so the headlamps
are 25 ft. (7.6 m) from a light colored wall or other
flat surface.
D The vehicle must have all four tires on a perfectly
level surface which is level all the way to the wall or
other flat surface.
D The vehicle should be placed so it is perpendicular to
the wall or other flat surface.
D The vehicle should not have any snow, ice or mud
attached to it.
D The vehicle should be fully assembled and all other
work stopped while headlamp aiming is being done.
D The vehicle should be normally loaded with a full
tank of fuel and one person or 160 lbs. (75 kg) on the
driver’s seat.
D Tires should be properly inflated.
Headlamp aiming is done with the vehicle low beam
lamps. The high beam lamps will be correctly aimed if
the low beam lamps are aimed properly.
If you believe your headlamps need horizontal
(left/right) adjustment, follow the horizontal aiming
procedure. If you believe your headlamps need only
vertical (up/down) adjustment, follow only the vertical
aiming procedure.
Adjustment screws can be turned with an E8 TorxR
socket or T15 Torx screwdriver.
The headlamp aiming devices are under the hood near
the headlamps.
6-41
Headlamp Horizontal Aiming
Turn the horizontal aiming screw (A) until the
indicator (B) is lined up with zero.
Headlamp Vertical Aiming
NOTICE:
Horizontal aiming must be performed before
making any adjustments to the vertical aim.
Adjusting the vertical aim first will result in an
incorrect headlamp aim.
1. Find the aim dot on the lens of the low beam lamps.
Once the horizontal aim is adjusted, then adjust the
vertical aim.
6-42
2. Measure the distance from the ground to the aim dot
on each lamp; if left low beam, subtract two inches.
Record this distance.
3. At the wall or other flat surface, measure from the
ground upward the recorded distance from Step 2
and draw or tape a horizontal line the width of
the vehicle.
4. Turn on the low-beam headlamps and place a piece
of cardboard or equivalent in front of the headlamp
not being aimed. This should allow only the beam of
light from the headlamp being aimed to be seen on
the flat surface.
6-43
NOTICE:
Do not cover a headlamp to improve beam
cut-off when aiming. Covering a headlamp may
cause excessive heat build-up which may cause
damage to the headlamp.
5. Turn the vertical aiming screw (C) until the
headlamp beam is aimed to the horizontal tape line.
The top edge of the cut-off should be positioned at
the bottom edge of the horizontal tape line.
6-44
6. Repeat Steps 4
and 5 for the
opposite headlamp.
Front Cornering Lamps
1. Follow Steps 1 through 6 in “Headlamps”
described previously.
2. Disconnect the cornering lamp bulb by pulling the
bulb out of the socket. Do not twist or turn the bulb.
3. Replace cornering lamp bulb by pushing the new
bulb directly into the socket.
4. Reinstall the cornering lamp housing socket into the
headlamp assembly.
5. Reverse Steps 1 through 6 in “Headlamps”
described previously.
6-45
Front Turn Signal Lamps
1. The turn signal lamps are located beside the
headlamp bulbs. To access, lift off the bulb socket
dust cover. See Steps 1 through 6 under
“Headlamps” described previously.
3. Remove the turn signal lamp housing socket and
replace the bulb.
4. Reverse Steps 1 and 2 to reinstall.
2. Press the tab down and turn the housing
socket clockwise to unlock the socket from the
lamp housing.
6-46
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking. See “Wiper Blade
Check” in the Index.
It’s a good idea to clean or replace the wiper blade
assembly on a regular basis or when worn. For proper
windshield wiper blade length and type, see “Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts” in the Index.
To replace the wiper blade assembly, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY and turn the
wipers on. Position the wipers on the windshield in
the “mid” wipe position. Then with a door open, turn
the ignition to OFF.
2. Tip the blade up almost to a “T” position and push
down on the tab to release the wiper blade assembly.
3. To install, align the wiper blade with the loop on
the wiper blade assembly, and push up to snap it
into place.
6-47
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service, see
your Cadillac Warranty booklet for details.
CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
D Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
6-48
CAUTION: (Continued)
D Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
D Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact -- such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
D Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
See “Inflation -- Tire Pressure” in this section
for inflation pressure adjustment for higher
speed driving.
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label, which is located on
the rear edge of the driver’s side rear door, shows the
correct inflation pressures for your tires when they’re
cold. “Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at
least three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
If you’ll be driving at high speeds (e.g., speeds of
100 mph (160 km/h) or higher), where it is legal, set
the cold inflation pressure to the maximum inflation
pressure shown on the tire sidewall, or to 38 psi
(265 kPa), whichever is lower. See the example below.
When you end this high-speed driving, return to the
cold inflation pressure shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label.
Example:
You’ll find maximum load and inflation pressure
molded on the tire’s sidewall, in small letters, near the
rim flange. It will read something like this: Maximum
load 690 kg (1521 lbs.) @ 300 kPa (44 psi) Max. Press.
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can
get the following:
D Too much flexing
D Too much heat
D Tire overloading
D Bad wear
D Bad handling
D Bad fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
D Unusual wear
D Bad handling
D Rough ride
D Needless damage from road hazards
For this example, you would set the inflation pressure
for high-speed driving at 38 psi (265 kPa).
6-49
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) System
(If Equipped)
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
The Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) system uses radio and
sensor technology to check tire pressure levels. Sensors,
mounted on each road wheel, transmit tire pressure
readings to a receiver located in the trunk. Tire pressure
status and tire pressure warnings are shown on the
Driver Information Center (DIC) display. See “Driver
Information Center (DIC)” in the Index, for details
regarding DIC controls and displays.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve
stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
The system operates on a radio frequency subject to
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules and
with Industry and Science Canada.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be
at 60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry and
Science Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) this device may not cause
interference, and (2) this device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
6-50
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
The Tire-Loading Information Label, which is located
on the rear edge of the driver’s door, shows the correct
inflation pressure for the tires on your vehicle.
If the TPM system detects low tire pressure, below
25 psi (172 kPa), or high tire pressure, above 38 psi
(262 kPa), a message, CHECK TIRE PRESSURE, will
appear on the Driver Information Center (DIC) display.
By pressing the INFO button, the DIC screen will show
which tire(s) has the low or high pressure condition.
See “Inflation -- Tire Pressure” in the Index for
information regarding correct tire inflation. If a tire is
low, you should stop as soon as possible and check all
your tires for damage. If a tire is flat, see “If a Tire Goes
Flat” in the Index.
The TPM system also allows the driver to check the air
pressure status of each road tire using the Driver
Information Center (DIC). Each tire’s air pressure will
be listed individually, in the following order: LF (left
front or driver’s side front tire), RF (right front or
passenger’s side front tire), RR (right rear or passenger’s
side rear tire) and LR (left rear or driver’s side rear tire).
See “Inflation -- Tire Pressure” in the Index for
information regarding correct tire inflation. Also, see
“Driver Information Center (DIC)” in the Index for
information on the DIC controls and displays.
NOTICE:
Do not use a tire sealant if your vehicle is equipped
with Tire Pressure Monitors. The liquid sealant can
damage the tire pressure monitor sensors.
Once a low or high tire pressure condition is detected,
the TPM system will display the CHECK TIRE
MESSAGE each time the engine is started, until the
tire(s) are set to the correct inflation pressure.
If the DIC display doesn’t show tire pressures or the
SERVICE TPM SYSTEM message appears, see your
dealer for service. The TPM system may not work
properly while the compact spare tire is installed.
Anytime you replace one or more tires or rotate your
tires, the TPM system will need to be reset. A special
tool is needed to reset the sensor identification codes.
See your dealer for service.
The TPM system can alert you about a low or high tire
pressure condition, but it doesn’t replace normal tire
maintenance. See “Tires” in the Index.
6-51
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or
wheels. See “When It’s Time for New Tires” and
“Wheel Replacement” later in this section for
more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
6-52
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your
tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Vehicles equipped with the Tire
Pressure Monitor (TPM) system will need to have the
sensors reset after a tire rotation is performed. A special
tool is needed to reset the sensor identification codes.
See your dealer for service. Make certain that all wheel
nuts are properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque”
in the Index.
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if you
need to, to get all the rust or dirt off. See
“Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.
When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
D You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
D You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
D The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
D The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
D The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
6-53
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
6-54
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire
sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum section
width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a
half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course
as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Traction -- AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to
stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
6-55
Temperature -- A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life,
and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire
failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of
performance which all passenger car tires must meet
under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are not
needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
6-56
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose air
and make you lose control. You could have a
collision in which you or others could be injured.
Always use the correct wheel, wheel bolts and
wheel nuts for replacement.
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for
more information.
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause a crash. If you have to replace a wheel,
use a new GM original equipment wheel.
6-57
Tire Chains
CAUTION:
If your vehicle has P235/55R17 size tires, don’t
use tire chains, there’s not enough clearance.
Tire chains used on a vehicle without the proper
amount of clearance can cause damage to the
brakes, suspension or other vehicle parts. The
area damaged by the tire chains could cause you
to lose control of your vehicle and you or others
may be injured in a crash.
Use another type of traction device only if its
manufacturer recommends it for use on your
vehicle and tire size combination and road
conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust or remove the
device if it’s contacting your vehicle, and don’t
spin your wheels.
If you do find traction devices that will fit, install
them on the front tires.
6-58
NOTICE:
If your vehicle has a tire size other than
P235/55R17 size tires, use tire chains only where
legal and only when you must. Use only SAE
Class “S” type chains that are the proper size for
your tires. Install them on the front tires and
tighten them as tightly as possible with the ends
securely fastened. Drive slowly and follow the
chain manufacturer’s instructions. If you can
hear the chains contacting your vehicle, stop
and retighten them. If the contact continues,
slow down until it stops. Driving too fast or
spinning the wheels with chains on will damage
your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
6-59
Cleaning of Fabric/Carpet
Using Cleaner on Fabric
Your dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric and
carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains very well.
You can get GM-approved cleaning products from your
dealer. See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
Here are some cleaning tips:
D
D
D
D
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a
clean area often. A soft brush may be used if stains
are stubborn.
D If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean the
entire area immediately or it will set.
6-60
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section.
Mask surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
3. Follow the directions on the container label.
4. Apply cleaner with a clean sponge. Don’t saturate
the material and don’t rub it roughly.
5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove any excess cleaner.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, water-dampened
towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Cleaning Vinyl
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine and
blood can be removed as follows:
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
D Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain
2. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
D Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.
You may have to do it more than once.
if you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean
cloth and a vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for
this product.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with a water/baking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
Cleaning Leather
4. Let dry.
D For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let the
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
dealer for this product.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
D Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to
dry completely.
D Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
3. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
6-61
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Cleaning Speaker Covers
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently, so that the
speaker won’t be damaged. Clean spots with just water
and mild soap.
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Keep belts clean and dry.
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft
cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Cleaning Wood Panels
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy water
(use mild dish washing soap). Dry the wood
immediately with a clean cloth.
6-62
Care of Safety Belts
CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or a
liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass. See
“Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
NOTICE:
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they
may cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the
inside rear window, since they may have to be
scraped off later. If abrasive cleaners are used on
the inside of the rear window, an electric
defogger element may be damaged. Any
temporary license should not be attached across
the defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the
windshield washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when
running, wax, sap or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a full-strength
glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads
do not form when you rinse it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by wiping
vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. See “Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants” in the Index.
6-63
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a
car washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is
to keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or
cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps or
chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on
the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a
soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid
surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
6-64
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish.
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels, but
avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and buff off
immediately after application.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Tires
Cleaning Aluminum or
Chrome-Plated Wheels (If Equipped)
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel.
A wax may then be applied.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint
finish and tires.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners, cleaners
with acid or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because
you could damage the surface. Do not use chrome polish
on aluminum wheels.
6-65
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can do
this for you.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide
the corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Sheet Metal Damage
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on
the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor
pan and exhaust system even though they have
corrosion protection.
6-66
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Cadillac
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
6-67
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the under side of the spare tire
cover in the trunk. It’s very helpful if you ever need to
order parts. On this label is:
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
D
D
D
D
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
a list of all production options and
special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
6-68
Electrical System
Headlamp Wiring
Add-On Electrical Equipment
The headlamp wiring system has four individual fuses,
LF low, RF low, LF high and RF high. An electrical
overload will cause the lamps to go on and off, or in
some cases to remain off. If this happens, have the
headlamp wiring checked right away.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment
can keep other components from working as
they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker. If the wiper motor overheats due to
heavy snow, the wipers will stop until the motor cools
and will then restart.
A MiniFuseR powers the wiper motor. If the MiniFuse
blows, there is an electrical problem. Be sure to have
it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and power
seats. When the current load is too heavy, the circuit
breaker opens and closes, protecting the circuit until the
problem is fixed or goes away.
6-69
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit
breakers. This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused
by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating. If a MaxiFuseR should blow, see your dealer
for service immediately.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have a
spare fuse, you can “borrow” one that has the same
amperage. Pick some feature of your vehicle that you
can get along without -- like the radio or cigarette
lighter -- and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
The MaxiFuses are located in two fuse blocks, one
located in the engine compartment on the passenger’s
side and the other under the rear seat on the driver’s
side. If a MaxiFuse should blow, have your vehicle
serviced by your dealer immediately.
6-70
Underhood Fuse Block
The underhood fuse
block is located next
to the engine on the
passenger’s side of
the vehicle. For more
information on
location, see “Engine
Compartment
Overview” in
the Index.
To access the fuses, push in the two tabs located at each
end of the fuse block cover. Then lift the cover off.
Fuse 22 or 23 can be moved to the outer position to
enable the accessory power outlets or cigarette lighter
when the ignition is not on. See your dealer for
additional assistance, if needed.
Minifuses
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Usage
Assembly Line Diagnostic Link
Accessory
Windshield Wipers
Not Used
Headlamp Low Beam Left
Headlamp Low Beam Right
Instrument Panel
Powertrain Control Module Battery
Minifuses
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
Usage
Headlamp High Beam Right
Headlamp High Beam Left
Ignition 1
Fog
Transmission
Cruise Control
Coil Module
Injector Bank #2
Not Used
Not Used
Powertrain Control Module Ignition
Oxygen Sensor
Injector Bank #1
Cigar Lighter #2
Cigar Lighter #1
Daytime Running Lamps
Horn
Air Conditioner Clutch
6-71
Micro Relays
27
Headlamp High Beam
28
Headlamp Low Beam
29
Fog Lamps
30
Daytime Running Lamps
31
Horn
32
Air Conditioner Clutch
Maxibreaker
Usage
41
Starter
MaxiFuses
Usage
42
Not Used
43
Not Used
44
Anti-Lock Brake System
45
Air Pump
Usage
46
Cooling Fan Secondary
33
Not Used
47
Cooling Fan Primary
34
Accessory
35
Not Used
36
Starter 1
37
Cooling Fan Secondary
38
Ignition 1
39
Cooling Fan Series/Parallel
40
Cooling Fan Primary
Mini Relays
6-72
Usage
The spare fuses are located in numbers 48 through 52.
The fuse puller is located in number 53.
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion
To reinstall the rear seat cushion, do the following:
NOTICE:
The battery and main fuse blocks are located
under the rear seat cushion. The battery’s ground
terminal and some relay wires are exposed.
To help avoid damage to the battery and wires,
be careful when removing or reinstalling the
seat cushion. Do not remove covers from covered
parts. Do not store anything under the seat, as
objects could touch exposed wires and cause
a short.
To remove the rear seat cushion, do the following;
1. Pull up on the front of the cushion to release the
front hooks.
2. Pull the cushion up and out toward the front of
the vehicle.
6-73
Rear Underseat Fuse Block
CAUTION:
A safety belt that isn’t properly routed through
the seat cushion or is twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. If the safety belt
hasn’t been routed through the seat cushion at
all, it won’t be there to work for the next
passenger. The person sitting in that position
could be badly injured. After reinstalling the seat
cushion, always check to be sure that the safety
belts are properly routed and are not twisted.
1. Buckle the center passenger position safety belt, then
route the safety belts through the proper slots in the
seat cushion. Don’t let the safety belts get twisted.
2. Slide the rear of the cushion up and under the
seatback so the rear-locating guides hook into the
wire loops on the back frame.
3. With the seat cushion lowered, push rearward and
then press down on the seat cushion until the spring
locks on both ends engage.
4. Check to make sure the safety belts are properly
routed and that no portion of any safety belt is
trapped under the seat. Also make sure the seat
cushion is secured.
6-74
The rear fuse block is located under the rear seat on the
driver’s side. The rear seat cushion must be removed to
access the rear fuse block. See “Removing the Rear Seat
Cushion” in the Index.
To access the fuse block, push in the two tabs located at
each end of the fuse block cover. Then lift the cover off.
Minifuses
5
6
7
8
9
Minifuses
1
2
3
4
Usage
Fuel Pump
Heater, Ventilation and Air
Conditioning Battery
Memory Seat, Tilt and
Telescoping Steering
RR Lumbar, Antenna
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
Usage
Driver Door Module
Heated Seat Left Rear
Power Tilt and Telescoping Steering
Supplemental Inflation Restraint
SDAR (XM Satellite
Radio-If Equipped)
Lamps Park Right
Fuel Tank Ventilation Solenoid
Ignition 1
Interior Lamp Dimmer Module
Sunshade
Navigation
Heated Seat Left Front
Interior Lamps
Right Rear Door Module
Stoplamps
Park/Reverse
Audio
t
6-75
Minifuses
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
6-76
Usage
Retained Accessory Power
for Sunroof
Lamps, Parking Left
Night Vision
Passenger Door Module
Body
Export Lights, Power Locks
Rear HVAC Blower
Ignition Switch
Hazard Signal
Reverse, Locks
Continuous Variable Road
Sensing Suspension
Heating, Ventilation,
Air Conditioning
Ignition 3 Rear
Antilock Braking System
Heated Seat, Right Front
Heated Seat, Right Rear
Dimmer
Micro Relays
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
Usage
Fuel Pump
Parking Lamps
Ignition 1
Park Brake A
Park Brake B
Park Shift Interlock
Reverse Lamps
Retained Accessory Power
for Sunroof
Reverse Lockout
Suspension Dampers
Ignition 3
Fuel Tank Door Release
Interior Lamps
Trunk Release
Not Used
Lock, Cylinder
Electronic Level
Control Compressor
Circuit
Breakers
Usage
For any bulb not listed here contact your dealer.
56
Power Seats
57
Power Windows
Mini Relays
Replacement Bulbs
Usage
58
Cigar Lighter
59
Rear Defog
Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number
Headlamps, Composite
Lower High Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9005
Upper Low Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9006
Front Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3157
Cornering Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3157
Usage
Capacities and Specifications
60
Park Brake
61
Rear Defog
62
HVAC Blower
The following approximate capacities are given in
English and metric conversions. Please refer to
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” Index for
more information.
63
Audio Amplifier
64
ELC Compressor/Exhaust
65
Cigar Lighter
66
Not Used
MaxiFuses
The spare fuses are located in numbers 69 through 74.
The fuse puller is located in number 75.
6-77
Engine Specifications
Displacement . . . . . . . . . 279 cubic inches (4 565 cc)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6 L DOHC V8
VIN Engine Code
DeVille and DHS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Y
DTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Torque
DeVille and DHS . . . . . . . 300 (lb-ft) @ 4000 rpm
407 (N·m) @ 4000 rpm
DTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295 (lb-ft) @ 4400 rpm
400 (N·m) @ 4400 rpm
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2-7-3-4-5-6-8
Wheel Nut Torque
100 lb-ft (140 N·m)
Capacities
Transaxle (4T80-E) . . . . . . . . . . 15.0 quarts (14.2 L)
Engine Oil with Filter . . . . . . . . . . 7.5 quarts (7.1 L)
Engine Cooling System . . . . . . . . 12.5 quarts (11.8 L)
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.5 U.S. gallons (70.1 L)
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to
fill to the approximate level, as recommended in this
manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
6-78
Air Conditioning
Refrigerant Capacity
If you do your own service work, you’ll need the proper
service manual. See “Doing Your Own Service Work” in
the Index for additional information. It is recommended
that service work on your air conditioning system be
performed by a qualified technician.
Air Conditioning
Refrigerant R-134a . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 lbs. (1.0 kg)
Use Refrigerant Oil, R134a Systems
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter Element . . . . . . . A1208C*
Passenger Compartment Air Filter Element . . . . . **
Engine Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PF-58*
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PT16EPR-C13*
(GM Part 12561466)
Gap: 0.050 inches (1.3 mm)
Windshield Wiper Blade
(Shepherd’s Hook Type) . . . . . . 22 inches (56.5 cm)
*AC DelcoR part number.
**Use an AC Delco R part number.
Section 7 Maintenance Schedule
This section covers the maintenance required for your vehicle. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety,
dependability and emission control performance.
7-2
7-4
7-5
7-16
Introduction
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Scheduled Maintenance
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
7-20
7-22
7-24
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Part E: Maintenance Record
7-
7-1
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
Maintenance Requirements
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer
for details.
7-2
Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections and
recommended fluids and lubricants as prescribed in this
manual are necessary to keep your vehicle in good
working condition. Any damage caused by failure to
follow recommended maintenance may not be covered
by warranty.
How This Section is Organized
This maintenance schedule is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” explains
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center do these jobs.
CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can
be seriously injured. Do your own maintenance
work only if you have the required know-how
and the proper tools and equipment for the job.
If you have any doubt, have a qualified
technician do the work.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you
what should be checked and when. It also explains
what you can easily do to help keep your vehicle in
good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections” explains
important inspections that your dealer’s service
department or another qualified service center
should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” lists
some recommended products necessary to help keep
your vehicle properly maintained. These products, or
their equivalents, should be used whether you do the
work yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record” is a place for
you to record and keep track of the maintenance
performed on your vehicle. Keep your maintenance
receipts. They may be needed to qualify your vehicle
for warranty repairs.
If you want to get the service information, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
7-3
Part A: Scheduled
Maintenance Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in
many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read the
following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good
condition, see your dealer.
7-4
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in
Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle
uses these. All parts should be replaced and all
necessary repairs done before you or anyone else
drives the vehicle.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
D carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
D are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
D use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
Scheduled Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be repeated after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals for the life
of this vehicle. The services shown at 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) should be repeated at the same interval
after 150,000 miles (240 000 km) for the life of
this vehicle.
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
Footnotes
[ The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in Part C of
this schedule.
7-5
Scheduled Maintenance
Engine Oil Scheduled Maintenance
Change engine oil and filter as indicated by the
GM Oil Life System (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). Reset the system.
t
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is based on
engine revolutions and engine temperature, and not on
mileage. Based on driving conditions, the mileage at
which an oil change will be indicated can vary
considerably. For the oil life system to work properly,
you must reset the system every time the oil is changed.
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL message in the
Driver Information Center (DIC) will come on. Change
your oil as soon as possible within the next two times
you stop for fuel. It is possible that, if you are driving
under the best conditions, the oil life system may not
indicate that an oil change is necessary for over a year.
However, your engine oil and filter must be changed at
least once a year and at this time the system must be
reset. It is also important to check your oil regularly and
keep it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must change
your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last oil
change. Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed. See “Oil Life System” in the Index
for information on resetting the system.
An Emission Control Service.
7-6
Scheduled Maintenance
7-7
Scheduled Maintenance
7-8
Scheduled Maintenance
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-9
Scheduled Maintenance
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Inspect throttle body bore and valve plates for deposits, open the throttle
valve and inspect all surfaces. Clean as required.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-10
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Scheduled Maintenance
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Use such as limousine service.
– Uses such as high performance operation.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid and
filter do not require change until the message CHANGE TRANS FLUID
appears on the Driver Information Center.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-11
Scheduled Maintenance
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
j
j
j
j
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
Inspect throttle body bore and valve plates for deposits, open the throttle
valve and inspect all surfaces. Clean as required.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
7-12
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Scheduled Maintenance
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-13
Scheduled Maintenance
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
j Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly under dusty
conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Inspect throttle body bore and valve plates for deposits, open the throttle
valve and inspect all surfaces. Clean as required.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
7-14
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Scheduled Maintenance
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
j Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Use such as limousine service.
– Uses such as high performance operation.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid and
filter do not require change until the message CHANGE TRANS FLUID
appears on the Driver Information Center.
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
j Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 60 months since last
service, whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for
what to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-15
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Listed in this part are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Part D.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important for you or a service station attendant to
perform these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for
further details.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture if necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index
for further details.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Make sure tires are inflated to the correct pressures.
Don’t forget to check your spare tire. See “Tires” in the
Index for further details.
Cassette Deck Service
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the
Index for further details.
7-16
At Least Twice a Year
Restraint System Check
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are
working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged
safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have it
repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced.
Automatic Transaxle Check
Check the transaxle fluid level; add if needed.
See “Automatic Transaxle Fluid” in the Index. A fluid
loss may indicate a problem. Check the system and
repair if needed.
At Least Once a Year
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Also look for any opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Wiper Blade Check
Lubricate all hinges and latches, including those for
the hood, rear compartment, interior glove box and
console doors. Part D tells you what to use. More
frequent lubrication may be required when exposed to a
corrosive environment.
Inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking. Replace blade
inserts that appear worn or damaged or that streak or
miss areas of the windshield. Also see “Wiper Blades,
Cleaning” in the Index.
Body Lubrication Service
Weatherstrip Lubrication
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth. During very cold,
damp weather more frequent application may be
required. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index.
7-17
Starter Switch Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See “Parking Brake” in the Index if necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to turn
off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
7-18
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
System Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle. It should be parked on a
level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately if
the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the ON position,
but don’t start the engine. Without applying the
regular brake, try to move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle needs service.
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to OFF in each shift lever position.
D The key should turn to OFF only when the shift lever
is in PARK (P).
D The key should come out only in OFF.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle PARK (P)
Mechanism Check
CAUTION:
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
D To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking
brake only.
D To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
Then release the parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Underbody Flushing Service
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in case
it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake at once should the vehicle begin to move.
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
7-19
Part C: Periodic
Maintenance Inspections
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
Boot and Seal Inspection
Listed in this part are inspections and services which
should be performed at least twice a year (for instance,
each spring and fall). You should let your dealer’s
service department or other qualified service center
do these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Clean and then inspect the drive
axle boot seals for damage, tears or leakage. Replace
seals if necessary.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a service manual. See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
7-20
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditions which could
cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust” in
the Index.
Fuel System Inspection
Throttle System Inspection
Inspect the complete fuel system for damage or leaks.
Inspect the throttle system for interference or binding,
and for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any components that have high effort
or excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and
cruise control cables.
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as needed. Clean the outside
of the radiator and air conditioning condenser. To help
ensure proper operation, a pressure test of the cooling
system and pressure cap is recommended at least once
a year.
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors
for surface condition. Inspect other brake parts,
including calipers, parking brake, etc. You may need to
have your brakes inspected more often if your driving
habits or conditions result in frequent braking.
7-21
Part D: Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Engine Oil
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified for
Gasoline Engines starburst symbol
of the proper viscosity. To
determine the preferred viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
7-22
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and use only GM
GoodwrenchR DEX-COOLR or
HavolineR DEX-COOLR
Coolant. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index.
USAGE
Hydraulic
Brake System
Windshield
Washer Solvent
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Delco Supreme 11R Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 12377967 or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
GM OptikleenR Washer
Solvent (GM Part No. 1051515)
or equivalent.
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent)
or lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI # 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
Power
Steering System
GM Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052884 - 1 pint,
1050017 - 1 quart, or equivalent).
USAGE
Automatic
Transaxle
Key
Lock Cylinders
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary Latch,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
FLUID/LUBRICANT
DEXRONR-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
LubriplateR Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. 12346293 or
equivalent) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI # 2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Hood and
Door Hinges
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
7-23
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading and who performed the service in the
boxes provided after the maintenance interval. Any additional information from “Owner Checks and Services” or
“Periodic Maintenance” can be added on the following record pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Your owner information portfolio is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-24
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-25
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-26
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how to contact Cadillac if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain service
publications and how to report any safety defects.
8-2
8-3
8-4
8-5
8-5
8-7
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users
Customer Assistance Offices
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Roadside Service
Roadside Service for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired
8-8
8-8
8-10
8-10
8-11
8-11
Courtesy Transportation
Transportation Options
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
8-
8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or the
general manager.
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of dealership
management, it appears your concern cannot be resolved
by the dealership without further help, contact the Cadillac
Customer Assistance Center, 24 hours a day, by calling
1-800-458-8006. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and to Cadillac. Normally, any concerns with the
sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle will be
resolved by your dealer’s sales or service departments.
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions of
all concerned, misunderstandings can occur. If your
concern has not been resolved to your satisfaction,
the following steps should be taken:
8-2
D Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate
at the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
D Dealership name and location
D Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting Cadillac, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if
you have a concern.
STEP THREE -- Both General Motors and your
dealer are committed to making sure you are
completely satisfied with your new vehicle. However,
if you continue to remain unsatisfied after following
the procedure outlined in Steps One and Two, you
should file with the GM/BBB Auto Line Program to
enforce any additional rights you may have. Canadian
owners refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for information on the Canadian
Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it and
proceed with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone
number or write them at the following address:
BBB Auto Line
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle
age, mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves
the right to change eligibility limitations and/or
discontinue its participation in this program.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Cadillac has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Cadillac by dialing: 1-800-833-CMCC (2622).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
8-3
Customer Assistance Offices
Canada
Cadillac encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to
write to Cadillac, the letter should be addressed to
Cadillac’s Customer Assistance Center.
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
United States
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
1-800-458-8006
1-800-833-2622 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
From:
Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
All Overseas Locations
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Islands/Countries (Except Puerto Rico and
U.S. Virgin Islands)
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52 - 53 29 0 800
8-4
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward aftermarket driver
or passenger adaptive
equipment you may require
for your vehicle (hand
controls, wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The program is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. See your dealer for more details or call
the GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program.
Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details.
When calling from outside Canada, please dial
1-905-644-3063. All TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
Roadside Service
Cadillac’s exceptional Roadside Service is more than an
auto club or towing service. It provides every Cadillac
owner with the advantage of contacting a Cadillac
advisor and, where available, a Cadillac trained dealer
technician who can provide on-site service.
Each technician travels with a specially equipped service
vehicle complete with the necessary Cadillac parts and
tools required to handle most roadside repairs.
Cadillac Roadside Servicer can be reached by dialing
1-800-882-1112, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
This service is provided at no charge for any
warranty-covered situation and for a nominal charge
if the Cadillac is no longer under warranty. Roadside
Service is available only in the United States
and Canada.
8-5
Cadillac Owner Privilegest
Roadside Service provides several Cadillac Owner
Privilegest at “no charge,” throughout your 2002 Cadillac
Warranty Period -- 48 months/ 50,000 miles (80 000 km).
Emergency Road Service is performed on site for the
following situations:
D
D
D
D
D
D
Towing Service
Battery Jump Starting
Lock Out Assistance
Fuel Delivery
Flat Tire Change (Covers change only)
Trip Interruption -- If your trip is interrupted due
to a warranty failure, incidental expenses may be
reimbursed during the 48 months/50,000 miles
(80 000 km) warranty period. Items covered are
hotel, meals and rental car.
Roadside Service Availability
Wherever you drive in the United States or Canada,
an advisor is available to assist you over the phone.
A dealer technician, if available, can travel to your
location within a 30 mile (50 km) radius of a
participating Cadillac dealership. If beyond this radius,
we will arrange to have your car towed to the nearest
Cadillac dealership.
8-6
Reaching Roadside Service
Dial the toll-free Roadside Service number:
1-800-882-1112. An experienced Roadside
Service Advisor will assist you and request the
following information:
D A description of the problem
D Name, home address, home telephone number
D Location of your Cadillac and number you are
calling from
D The model year, Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN), mileage and date of delivery
Roadside Service for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired
Roadside Service is prepared to assist owners who have
hearing difficulties or are speech impaired. Cadillac has
installed special telecommunication devices called Text
Telephone (TTY) in the Roadside Service Center.
Any customer who has access to a (TTY) or a
conventional teletypewriter can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing from the United States or Canada
1-888-889-2438 -- daily, 24 hours.
8-7
Courtesy Transportation
Cadillac has always exemplified quality and value in its
offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your ownership
experience, we and our participating dealers are proud
to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer support
program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to
retail purchase/lease customers in conjunction with
the Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the
New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs are
required. This will reduce your inconvenience during
warranty repairs.
Plan Ahead When Possible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising your
service consultant of your transportation needs, your
dealer can help minimize your inconvenience.
8-8
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem
is safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership,
let them know this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in the
work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Cadillac helps
minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle service
to get you to your destination with minimal interruption of
your daily schedule. This includes a one way shuttle ride
to a destination up to 10 miles from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement up to $30 per day (five days maximum)
may be available for the use of public transportation
such as taxi or bus. In addition, should you
arrange transportation through a friend or relative,
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses up to
$10 per day (five day maximum) may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
When your vehicle is unavailable due to warranty repairs,
your dealer may arrange to provide you with a courtesy
rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental vehicle you
obtained, at actual cost, up to a maximum of $37.00 per
day supported by receipts. This requires that you sign and
complete a rental agreement and meet state, local and
rental vehicle provider requirements. Requirements vary
and may include minimum age requirements, insurance
coverage, credit card, etc.
You are responsible for fuel usage charges and may also
be responsible for taxes, levies, usage fees, excessive
mileage or rental usage beyond the completion of
the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as
a courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period,
but it is not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished with each
new vehicle provides detailed warranty
coverage information.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at
participating dealers and all program options, such as
shuttle service, may not be available at every dealer.
Please contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
8-9
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during the
Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult
your dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at any
time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described herein
at its sole discretion.
Warranty Information
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
REPORTING SAFETY
DEFECTS TO THE UNITED
STATES GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which
could cause a crash or could cause injury or death,
you should immediately inform the National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
8-10
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
GENERAL MOTORS
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us.
Please call us at 1-800-458-8006, or write:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
8-11
SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
Service Manuals
Owner’s Information
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle, suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include the
Maintenance Schedule for all models.
Owner’s Manual
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer Case
Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit repair
service procedures, adjustments and specifications
for GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Service Publications are available for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to assist
in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123 – Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM Eastern Time
Visit Helm, Inc. on the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
For Credit Card Orders Only (VISA-MasterCard-Discover)
Helm, Incorporated S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
8-12
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are quoted in U.S. funds.
Canadian residents are to make checks payable in U.S. funds.
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