Material Safety Data Sheet

Material Safety Data Sheet
Material Safety Data Sheet
THE DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY
Product name: DOWFROST™ Heat Transfer Fluid
Issue Date: 01/23/2015
Print Date: 01/24/2015
THE DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY encourages and expects you to read and understand the entire
(M)SDS, as there is important information throughout the document. We expect you to follow the
precautions identified in this document unless your use conditions would necessitate other appropriate
methods or actions.
1. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION
Product name: DOWFROST™ Heat Transfer Fluid
Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use
Identified uses: Intended as a heat transfer fluid for closed-loop systems. This product is acceptable
for use where there is possibility of incidental food contact and as a product for use in the immersion
or spray freezing of wrapped meat and packaged poultry products. We recommend that you use this
product in a manner consistent with the listed use. If your intended use is not consistent with the
stated use, please contact your sales or technical service representative.
COMPANY IDENTIFICATION
THE DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY
2030 WILLARD H DOW CENTER
MIDLAND MI 48674-0000
UNITED STATES
Customer Information Number:
800-258-2436
SDSQuestion@dow.com
EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER
24-Hour Emergency Contact: 800-424-9300
Local Emergency Contact: 989-636-4400
2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
Emergency Overview
Appearance
Physical state
Liquid.
Color
Colorless
Odor
Characteristic
Hazard Summary
No significant immediate hazards for emergency response are
known.
Potential Health Effects
® ™ Trademark of The Dow Chemical Company ("Dow") or an affiliated
company of Dow
Page 1 of 11
Product name: DOWFROST™ Heat Transfer Fluid
Issue Date: 01/23/2015
Eyes: May cause slight temporary eye irritation.
Corneal injury is unlikely.
Skin: Prolonged contact is essentially nonirritating to skin.
Repeated contact may cause flaking and softening of skin.
Prolonged skin contact is unlikely to result in absorption of harmful amounts.
Inhalation: At room temperature, exposure to vapor is minimal due to low volatility.
Mist may cause irritation of upper respiratory tract (nose and throat).
Ingestion: Very low toxicity if swallowed.
Harmful effects not anticipated from swallowing small amounts.
Chronic Exposure: In rare cases, repeated excessive exposure to propylene glycol may cause
central nervous system effects.
3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Chemical nature: Glycol
This product is not a "Hazardous Chemical" as defined by the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard,
29 CFR 1910.1200.
This product is a mixture.
Component
CASRN
Concentration
Propylene glycol
57-55-6
> 95.0 %
Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate
7758-11-4
< 3.0 %
Water
7732-18-5
< 3.0 %
4. FIRST AID MEASURES
Description of first aid measures
General advice: If potential for exposure exists refer to Section 8 for specific personal protective
equipment.
Inhalation: Move person to fresh air; if effects occur, consult a physician.
Skin contact: Wash off with plenty of water.
Eye contact: Flush eyes thoroughly with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses after the
initial 1-2 minutes and continue flushing for several additional minutes. If effects occur, consult a
physician, preferably an ophthalmologist.
Ingestion: No emergency medical treatment necessary.
Page 2 of 11
Product name: DOWFROST™ Heat Transfer Fluid
Issue Date: 01/23/2015
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed: Aside from the information found
under Description of first aid measures (above) and Indication of immediate medical attention and
special treatment needed (below), any additional important symptoms and effects are described in
Section 11: Toxicology Information.
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
Notes to physician: No specific antidote. Treatment of exposure should be directed at the control of
symptoms and the clinical condition of the patient.
5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES
Suitable extinguishing media: Water fog or fine spray. Dry chemical fire extinguishers. Carbon
dioxide fire extinguishers. Foam. Alcohol resistant foams (ATC type) are preferred. General purpose
synthetic foams (including AFFF) or protein foams may function, but will be less effective.
Unsuitable extinguishing media: Do not use direct water stream. May spread fire.
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
Hazardous combustion products: During a fire, smoke may contain the original material in addition
to combustion products of varying composition which may be toxic and/or irritating. Combustion
products may include and are not limited to: Carbon monoxide. Carbon dioxide.
Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: Container may rupture from gas generation in a fire situation.
Violent steam generation or eruption may occur upon application of direct water stream to hot liquids.
Advice for firefighters
Fire Fighting Procedures: Keep people away. Isolate fire and deny unnecessary entry. Use water
spray to cool fire exposed containers and fire affected zone until fire is out and danger of reignition has
passed. Fight fire from protected location or safe distance. Consider the use of unmanned hose
holders or monitor nozzles. Immediately withdraw all personnel from the area in case of rising sound
from venting safety device or discoloration of the container. Burning liquids may be extinguished by
dilution with water. Do not use direct water stream. May spread fire. Move container from fire area if
this is possible without hazard. Burning liquids may be moved by flushing with water to protect
personnel and minimize property damage.
Special protective equipment for firefighters: Wear positive-pressure self-contained breathing
apparatus (SCBA) and protective fire fighting clothing (includes fire fighting helmet, coat, trousers,
boots, and gloves). If protective equipment is not available or not used, fight fire from a protected
location or safe distance.
6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Use appropriate safety
equipment. For additional information, refer to Section 8, Exposure Controls and Personal Protection.
Environmental precautions: Prevent from entering into soil, ditches, sewers, waterways and/or
groundwater. See Section 12, Ecological Information.
Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up: Small spills: Absorb with materials such
as: Cat litter. Sawdust. Vermiculite. Zorb-all®. Collect in suitable and properly labeled containers.
Page 3 of 11
Product name: DOWFROST™ Heat Transfer Fluid
Issue Date: 01/23/2015
Large spills: Dike area to contain spill. Recover spilled material if possible. See Section 13, Disposal
Considerations, for additional information.
7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
Precautions for safe handling: No special precautions required. Keep container closed. See
Section 8, EXPOSURE CONTROLS AND PERSONAL PROTECTION.
Spills of these organic materials on hot fibrous insulations may lead to lowering of the autoignition
temperatures possibly resulting in spontaneous combustion.
Conditions for safe storage: Do not store in: Galvanized steel. Opened or unlabeled containers.
Store in original unopened container. See Section 10 for more specific information. Additional storage
and handling information on this product may be obtained by calling your sales or customer service
contact.
8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION
Control parameters
Exposure limits are listed below, if they exist.
Component
Propylene glycol
Regulation
US WEEL
Type of listing
TWA
Value/Notation
10 mg/m3
Exposure controls
Engineering controls: Use local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to maintain
airborne levels below exposure limit requirements or guidelines. If there are no applicable exposure
limit requirements or guidelines, general ventilation should be sufficient for most operations. Local
exhaust ventilation may be necessary for some operations.
Individual protection measures
Eye/face protection: Use safety glasses (with side shields).
Skin protection
Hand protection: Use gloves chemically resistant to this material when prolonged or
frequently repeated contact could occur. Examples of preferred glove barrier
materials include: Butyl rubber. Natural rubber ("latex"). Neoprene. Nitrile/butadiene
rubber ("nitrile" or "NBR"). Polyethylene. Ethyl vinyl alcohol laminate ("EVAL").
Polyvinyl alcohol ("PVA"). Polyvinyl chloride ("PVC" or "vinyl"). NOTICE: The
selection of a specific glove for a particular application and duration of use in a
workplace should also take into account all relevant workplace factors such as, but
not limited to: Other chemicals which may be handled, physical requirements
(cut/puncture protection, dexterity, thermal protection), potential body reactions to
glove materials, as well as the instructions/specifications provided by the glove
supplier.
Other protection: Wear clean, body-covering clothing.
Respiratory protection: Respiratory protection should be worn when there is a potential to
exceed the exposure limit requirements or guidelines. If there are no applicable exposure limit
requirements or guidelines, wear respiratory protection when adverse effects, such as
respiratory irritation or discomfort have been experienced, or where indicated by your risk
assessment process. In misty atmospheres, use an approved particulate respirator.
The following should be effective types of air-purifying respirators: Organic vapor cartridge
with a particulate pre-filter.
Page 4 of 11
Product name: DOWFROST™ Heat Transfer Fluid
Issue Date: 01/23/2015
9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Appearance
Physical state
Color
Odor
Odor Threshold
pH
Melting point/range
Freezing point
Boiling point (760 mmHg)
Flash point
Evaporation Rate (Butyl Acetate
= 1)
Flammability (solid, gas)
Lower explosion limit
Upper explosion limit
Vapor Pressure
Relative Vapor Density (air = 1)
Relative Density (water = 1)
Water solubility
Partition coefficient: noctanol/water
Auto-ignition temperature
Decomposition temperature
Kinematic Viscosity
Explosive properties
Oxidizing properties
Molecular weight
Liquid.
Colorless
Characteristic
No test data available
10.0 50% Literature
Not applicable to liquids
supercools
152 °C ( 306 °F) Literature
closed cup 104 °C ( 219 °F) Pensky-Martens Closed Cup
ASTM D 93 (based on major component), Propylene glycol.
open cup Cleveland Open Cup ASTM D92 None
<0.5 Estimated.
Not applicable to liquids
2.6 % vol Literature Propylene glycol.
12.5 % vol Literature Propylene glycol.
2.2 mmHg Literature
>1.0 Literature
1.05 at 20 °C (68 °F) / 20 °C Literature
100 % Literature
no data available
371 °C (700 °F) Literature Propylene glycol.
No test data available
43.4 cSt at 20 °C (68 °F) Literature
no data available
no data available
76.9 g/mol Literature
NOTE: The physical data presented above are typical values and should not be construed as a
specification.
10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Reactivity: no data available
Chemical stability: Stable under recommended storage conditions. See Storage, Section 7.
Hygroscopic
Possibility of hazardous reactions: Polymerization will not occur.
Page 5 of 11
Product name: DOWFROST™ Heat Transfer Fluid
Issue Date: 01/23/2015
Conditions to avoid: Exposure to elevated temperatures can cause product to decompose.
Generation of gas during decomposition can cause pressure in closed systems. Avoid direct sunlight
or ultraviolet sources.
Incompatible materials: Avoid contact with: Strong acids. Strong bases. Strong oxidizers.
Hazardous decomposition products: Decomposition products depend upon temperature, air supply
and the presence of other materials. Decomposition products can include and are not limited to:
Aldehydes. Alcohols. Ethers. Organic acids.
11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Toxicological information on this product or its components appear in this section when such data is
available.
Acute toxicity
Acute oral toxicity
Very low toxicity if swallowed. Harmful effects not anticipated from swallowing small amounts.
For the major component(s): Propylene glycol.
LD50, Rat, > 20,000 mg/kg
Acute dermal toxicity
Prolonged skin contact is unlikely to result in absorption of harmful amounts.
For the major component(s): Propylene glycol.
LD50, Rabbit, > 20,000 mg/kg
Acute inhalation toxicity
At room temperature, exposure to vapor is minimal due to low volatility. Mist may cause
irritation of upper respiratory tract (nose and throat).
For the major component(s):
LC50, Rat, 4 Hour, vapour, 6.15 mg/l No deaths occurred following exposure to a saturated
atmosphere.
Skin corrosion/irritation
Prolonged contact is essentially nonirritating to skin.
Repeated contact may cause flaking and softening of skin.
Serious eye damage/eye irritation
May cause slight temporary eye irritation.
Corneal injury is unlikely.
Sensitization
For the major component(s):
Did not cause allergic skin reactions when tested in humans.
For respiratory sensitization:
No relevant data found.
Page 6 of 11
Product name: DOWFROST™ Heat Transfer Fluid
Issue Date: 01/23/2015
Specific Target Organ Systemic Toxicity (Single Exposure)
Evaluation of available data suggests that this material is not an STOT-SE toxicant.
Specific Target Organ Systemic Toxicity (Repeated Exposure)
In rare cases, repeated excessive exposure to propylene glycol may cause central nervous system
effects.
Carcinogenicity
Similar formulations did not cause cancer in laboratory animals.
Teratogenicity
For the major component(s): Did not cause birth defects or any other fetal effects in laboratory
animals.
Reproductive toxicity
For the major component(s): In animal studies, did not interfere with reproduction. In animal studies,
did not interfere with fertility.
Mutagenicity
In vitro genetic toxicity studies were negative. For the major component(s): Animal genetic toxicity
studies were negative.
Aspiration Hazard
Based on physical properties, not likely to be an aspiration hazard.
12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Ecotoxicological information on this product or its components appear in this section when such data
is available.
Toxicity
Propylene glycol
Acute toxicity to fish
Material is practically non-toxic to aquatic organisms on an acute basis
(LC50/EC50/EL50/LL50 >100 mg/L in the most sensitive species tested).
LC50, Oncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout), static test, 96 Hour, 40,613 mg/l, OECD Test
Guideline 203
Acute toxicity to aquatic invertebrates
LC50, Ceriodaphnia dubia (water flea), static test, 48 Hour, 18,340 mg/l, OECD Test Guideline
202
Acute toxicity to algae/aquatic plants
ErC50, Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (green algae), 96 Hour, Growth rate inhibition, 19,000
mg/l, OECD Test Guideline 201
Toxicity to bacteria
NOEC, Pseudomonas putida, 18 Hour, > 20,000 mg/l
Chronic toxicity to aquatic invertebrates
Page 7 of 11
Product name: DOWFROST™ Heat Transfer Fluid
Issue Date: 01/23/2015
NOEC, Ceriodaphnia dubia (water flea), semi-static test, 7 d, number of offspring, 13,020 mg/l
Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate
Acute toxicity to fish
Material is practically non-toxic to aquatic organisms on an acute basis
(LC50/EC50/EL50/LL50 >100 mg/L in the most sensitive species tested).
LC50, Leuciscus idus (Golden orfe), static test, 48 Hour, > 900 mg/l, Method Not Specified.
Persistence and degradability
Propylene glycol
Biodegradability: Material is readily biodegradable. Passes OECD test(s) for ready
biodegradability. Biodegradation may occur under anaerobic conditions (in the absence of
oxygen).
10-day Window: Pass
Biodegradation: 81 %
Exposure time: 28 d
Method: OECD Test Guideline 301F or Equivalent
10-day Window: Not applicable
Biodegradation: 96 %
Exposure time: 64 d
Method: OECD Test Guideline 306 or Equivalent
Theoretical Oxygen Demand: 1.68 mg/mg
Chemical Oxygen Demand: 1.53 mg/mg
Biological oxygen demand (BOD)
Incubation
Time
5d
10 d
20 d
BOD
69.000 %
70.000 %
86.000 %
Photodegradation
Atmospheric half-life: 10 Hour
Method: Estimated.
Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate
Biodegradability: Biodegradation is not applicable.
Bioaccumulative potential
Propylene glycol
Bioaccumulation: Bioconcentration potential is low (BCF < 100 or Log Pow < 3).
Partition coefficient: n-octanol/water(log Pow): -1.07 Measured
Bioconcentration factor (BCF): 0.09
Estimated.
Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate
Bioaccumulation: No bioconcentration is expected because of the relatively high water
solubility.
Page 8 of 11
Product name: DOWFROST™ Heat Transfer Fluid
Issue Date: 01/23/2015
Mobility in soil
Propylene glycol
Given its very low Henry's constant, volatilization from natural bodies of water or moist soil is
not expected to be an important fate process.
Potential for mobility in soil is very high (Koc between 0 and 50).
Partition coefficient(Koc): < 1 Estimated.
Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate
No relevant data found.
13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
Disposal methods: DO NOT DUMP INTO ANY SEWERS, ON THE GROUND, OR INTO ANY BODY
OF WATER. All disposal practices must be in compliance with all Federal, State/Provincial and local
laws and regulations. Regulations may vary in different locations. Waste characterizations and
compliance with applicable laws are the responsibility solely of the waste generator. AS YOUR
SUPPLIER, WE HAVE NO CONTROL OVER THE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OR
MANUFACTURING PROCESSES OF PARTIES HANDLING OR USING THIS MATERIAL. THE
INFORMATION PRESENTED HERE PERTAINS ONLY TO THE PRODUCT AS SHIPPED IN ITS
INTENDED CONDITION AS DESCRIBED IN MSDS SECTION: Composition Information. FOR
UNUSED & UNCONTAMINATED PRODUCT, the preferred options include sending to a licensed,
permitted: Recycler. Reclaimer. Incinerator or other thermal destruction device.
14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION
DOT
Not regulated for transport
Classification for SEA transport (IMO-IMDG):
Not regulated for transport
Transport in bulk
Consult IMO regulations before transporting ocean bulk
according to Annex I or II
of MARPOL 73/78 and the
IBC or IGC Code
Classification for AIR transport (IATA/ICAO):
Not regulated for transport
This information is not intended to convey all specific regulatory or operational
requirements/information relating to this product. Transportation classifications may vary by container
volume and may be influenced by regional or country variations in regulations. Additional
transportation system information can be obtained through an authorized sales or customer service
representative. It is the responsibility of the transporting organization to follow all applicable laws,
regulations and rules relating to the transportation of the material.
Page 9 of 11
Product name: DOWFROST™ Heat Transfer Fluid
Issue Date: 01/23/2015
15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
OSHA Hazard Communication Standard
This product is not a "Hazardous Chemical" as defined by the OSHA Hazard Communication
Standard, 29 CFR 1910.1200.
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 Title III (Emergency Planning and
Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986) Sections 311 and 312
This product is not a hazardous chemical under 29CFR 1910.1200, and therefore is not covered by
Title III of SARA.
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 Title III (Emergency Planning and
Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986) Section 313
This material does not contain any chemical components with known CAS numbers that exceed the
threshold (De Minimis) reporting levels established by SARA Title III, Section 313.
Pennsylvania Worker and Community Right-To-Know Act:
The following chemicals are listed because of the additional requirements of Pennsylvania law:
Components
Propylene glycol
CASRN
57-55-6
California Proposition 65 (Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986)
This product contains no listed substances knownto the State of California to cause cancer, birth
defects or other reproductive harm, at levels which would require a warning under the statute.
United States TSCA Inventory (TSCA)
All components of this product are in compliance with the inventory listing requirements of the U.S.
Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Chemical Substance Inventory.
16. OTHER INFORMATION
Hazard Rating System
NFPA
Health
0
Fire
1
Reactivity
0
Revision
Identification Number: 101234106 / A001 / Issue Date: 01/23/2015 / Version: 6.0
Most recent revision(s) are noted by the bold, double bars in left-hand margin throughout this
document.
Legend
TWA
US WEEL
8-hr TWA
USA. Workplace Environmental Exposure Levels (WEEL)
Information Source and References
Page 10 of 11
Product name: DOWFROST™ Heat Transfer Fluid
Issue Date: 01/23/2015
This SDS is prepared by Product Regulatory Services and Hazard Communications Groups from
information supplied by internal references within our company.
THE DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY urges each customer or recipient of this (M)SDS to study it
carefully and consult appropriate expertise, as necessary or appropriate, to become aware of and
understand the data contained in this (M)SDS and any hazards associated with the product. The
information herein is provided in good faith and believed to be accurate as of the effective date shown
above. However, no warranty, express or implied, is given. Regulatory requirements are subject to
change and may differ between various locations. It is the buyer's/user's responsibility to ensure that
his activities comply with all federal, state, provincial or local laws. The information presented here
pertains only to the product as shipped. Since conditions for use of the product are not under the
control of the manufacturer, it is the buyer's/user's duty to determine the conditions necessary for the
safe use of this product. Due to the proliferation of sources for information such as manufacturerspecific (M)SDSs, we are not and cannot be responsible for (M)SDSs obtained from any source other
than ourselves. If you have obtained an (M)SDS from another source or if you are not sure that the
(M)SDS you have is current, please contact us for the most current version.
Page 11 of 11
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