Leaf M l ap

Leaf M l ap
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
Keeping the Defence Team informed
Français au verso
Maple
LA
THE
Leaf
Maple
LA
THE
Leaf
Roto 2:
Building
Maple relationships
LA
THE
Leaf
Maple
LA
THE
Leaf
11
6
CAF at World
parachuting
Public Service
of tomorrow
15
New
bio-detection
The M
ple Leaf
La
2
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
CFCWo:
helping our next
generation
The M
ple Leaf
La
severance pay, pension contributions,
relocation, and housing are also of
concern to CAF members.
“Ultimately, we have the greatest
jobs,” CPO 1 Cléroux says. “We have
a very fair pay package, no one is
being laid off and jobs are pretty
much guaranteed. There aren’t many
jobs in Canada where you are
required to work fitness activities
into your work day, as in the CAF.
There may be some challenges
right now due to government-wide
spending reviews, but we still have a
great profession.”
PHOTO: Cpl Rick Ayer
FutuRe diReCtion
oF the CaF
CF Chief Warrant Officer, CPO 1 Robert Cléroux addresses the crew of HMCS Regina during a recent visit in the Arabian Sea.
Even though he would rather be
As the Canadian Forces Chief has had a direct impact on its memaboard ship than in a boardroom, Warrant Officer (CFCWO), CPO 1 bers and as a result, senior leaders
Chief Petty Officer, 1st Class Robert Cléroux is the senior non-commis- are plotting a new course for the
Cléroux concedes that “the board- sioned advisor to the Chief of the future.
room is probably the place where Defence Staff on all issues relating
“Until the government balances
I can exercise the most influence.” to non-commissioned members the budget and, as Canadians, we
It’s there where he has the ear of the (NCMs). He is also involved in [CAF] have a role to play in helping
CDS and other generals and the succession planning and develop- the government achieve those goals,”
opportunity to bring his ideas and ment for the NCM Corps.
says CPO 1 Cléroux. “My role is to
opinions forward.
ensure that whatWhat CPO 1 Cléroux
ever the future may
enjoys most about his CPO 1 Cléroux’s proudest moment is
hold, NCMs and all
job is communicating
“the great young men and women who CAF members
with the young men
remain top of
and women of the CF, have been decorated by the Governor
mind.”
whether on a leaderCPO 1 Cléroux’s
General for the amazing deeds they
ship course, a ship, or
cross-country visits
in the field.
did, not only in Afghanistan, but across have given NCMs a
“This means talkchance to raise coning to and meeting Canada. They are heroes and they
cerns about the CF
and their future to
people across the
need to be celebrated.”
country, checking on
CPO 1 Cléroux.
morale, dress, disciAccording to the
pline and development of the NCMs, Challenges
CFCWO, several themes keep recurso I bring this information back not FoR the CaF
ring, and the first question asked is:
only to the CDS, but also to the CPO 1 Cléroux acknowledged the where are we going next?
Armed Forces Council, to help make challenges facing the CAF and its
“They [NCMs] don’t only mean
improvements where needed,” members. Changes resulting from overseas, they mean in the North, or
explains CPO 1 Cléroux. “When government-wide spending reviews, what other roles will we have within
I come back from those visits, CAF organizational restructuring Canada? I believe that many of our
and a change in operational tempo men and women have joined to make
I’m pumped.”
a difference, so that question is
understandable.”
The second theme is health care,
not only for CAF members, but for
their families.
“We have a great health care
system,” says CPO 1 Cléroux. “But
it can be difficult to find doctors for
your family due to our frequent
moves. Also, mental health gets
raised often, from both CAF members and their families.”
Benefits such as post living
differential, imposed restriction,
the Cds and CFCWo
want to hear from you.
If you have a question or comment about what is happening
in the Canadian Armed Forces, please send your e-mail to
+asktheCommandteam-equipedecommandementvous
[email protected]@adm(pa)@ottawa-hull. Your message will be
reviewed and the Chief of the Defence Staff or CF Chief
Warrant Officer will respond to a selection of questions in
upcoming editions of The Maple Leaf and on the Defence
Team intranet site.
The Maple Leaf
ADM(PA)/DGPASP
101 Colonel By Drive
Ottawa ON K1A 0K2
Submissions from all members of the CAF and civilian employees of DND are welcome; submission
guidelines can be found on the Defence Team intranet. Articles may be reproduced, in whole or in
part, on condition that appropriate credit is given to The Maple Leaf and, where applicable, to the
writer and/or photographer.
Fax: 819-997-0793
E-mail: +Internal Communications [email protected](PA)@Ottawa-Hull
[email protected]
Web site: www.forces.gc.ca
Translation: Translation Bureau, PWGSC
The Maple Leaf is the monthly national publication of the Department of National Defence and
the Canadian Armed Forces, and is published under the authority of the Assistant Deputy Minister
(Public Affairs).
ISSN 1480-4336 • NDID/IDDN A-JS-000-003/JP-001
After more than 12 years of counterinsurgent operations and nation
building in Afghanistan, there is now
a group of professionals who are not
sure about what the future holds,
about what these changes in the CAF
have done to morale among NCMs.
“We’ve just come through a lot,”
says CPO 1 Cléroux. “There’s some
uncertainly about where are we going
next.”
“But I do think morale is good,”
he adds with a smile. “As far as I’m
concerned, our men and women are
second to none. Our allies are happy
to have Canadians by their side.”
The CDS and the CFCWO
recently launched the “Ask the
Command Team” feature. CPO 1
Cléroux encourages Defence Team
members to send in their questions
and comments.
“Not everyone gets the chance
to see the CDS and myself during
our visits,” says CPO 1 Cléroux.
“This question and answer forum
allows us to hear from more Defence
Team members. We can’t answer
every question, but the CDS and I
are looking forward to responding
to as many as we can.”
CPO 1 Cléroux’s proudest moment
is not something he has achieved or
accomplished, or even boasting about
something he did in the Forces.
Without hesitation, he says it is “the
great young men and women who have
been decorated by the Governor
General for the amazing deeds they
did, not only in Afghanistan, but
across Canada. They are heroes and
they need to be celebrated.”
COVER:
Capt André Parent (right) from 34 Combat
Engineer Regiment in Westmount, Quebec,
verifies the radio communications with an
Afghan National Army soldier, during a training
scenario at the Consolidated Fielding Centre
training area in Pol-e-Charkhi, Afghanistan.
Photo: MCpl Marc-André Gaudreault
The M
ple Leaf
La
The M
ple Leaf
3
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
La
Consultation Key to
aBoRiginal
Relationships
Master Corporal, CFB Borden
We are looking at how CFPAS tools can be refined to
develop the best reporting and feedback system available. that said, there are no changes planned for the
near future. Should changes to the current system be
necessary, CAF members and supervisors will be informed
well before implementation. In addition, a well-publicized
trial period would precede any official roll-out of a new or
radically revised system. Meanwhile, the current version
of CFPAS will continue to be our personnel performance
evaluation tool.
Gen tom Lawson, CDS
I joined the Canadian Armed Forces when I was 47.
I just turned 56 and my compulsory retirement age
(CRA) is coming up in 2016. I am not looking forward
to retiring from the CF because I feel I am just
getting warmed up. My question is, would you consider
extending the retirement age to 65?
Captain, 22 Wing North Bay
Your question points out the trend in our society for
individuals to live healthier and longer lives than their
predecessors. In fact, I have no doubt that some currently-serving members of the Canadian Armed Forces
would be very able and willing to serve well beyond the CRA
if a need existed, and if we were to call upon them to do so.
Another interesting fact we noted in the Fall of 2012 is that
we actually had around 3,500 fewer people leave the Canadian
Armed Forces than anticipated, and we had a relatively large
number of people competing for the 1,000-plus remaining
positions we opened for recruiting.
From an institutional perspective, we therefore find ourselves
in an excellent position since we are generally holding onto
expertise longer, while also drawing upon the very “best of
the best” from those who apply to join us. I think this speaks
to the pride our folks have in this institution and to the reputation we have amongst Canadians. At the same time, I firmly
believe that we must continually renew the life-blood of the
Canadian Armed Forces by achieving a healthy balance
between attrition and recruiting.
Given this context, I do not foresee near-term changes to
how we apply our current rules regarding the CRA. With this
in mind, however, as many folks know, it is true that the
Minister and I have the authority to grant, under exceptional
circumstances and/or because of very specific operational
requirements, service extensions to CRA 60. What I offer is
that if any member would like to continue serving beyond
CRA, then I would encourage them to submit a request for
extension through their Chain of Command to their Career
Manager. From that point, the merits of their case and any
exceptional needs of the organization will be weighed, and
a decision made.
Canadian Army and DND/CAF’s
Champion for Aboriginal People,
“when I travel across the country, I
see firsthand where we’re doing a
good job of being a part of Canadian
society and representing the
Canadian Armed Forces’ and the
Government’s interest – in some of
the remote areas I visit, the military
is the only visible face of the government and that is a responsibility we
all take seriously.”
The legal duty to consult is triggered when the Crown contemplates
conduct that might adversely impact
potential or established Aboriginal
January announCements
at Defence
A few important announcements helped kick-off the New Year for the Defence Team.
January 8:
Canada extends its presence in the Arabian
Sea Region
HMCS Toronto will deploy early this year until the
fall of 2013 with a crew rotation during the deployment contributing to the multinational coalition fleet
conducting maritime security operations in the
Arabian Sea region. HMCS Toronto has been undergoing extensive training in preparation for this
deployment as part of Combined Task Force 150
(CTF-150) and will replace HMCS Regina which
has been in the region since August. Canada’s contribution to CTF-150 is known as Operation
ARTEMIS.
January 11:
Aboriginal Leadership Opportunity Year
Program marks milestone
In May, A/SLt Shingoose will be the first graduate
of the Royal Military College of Canada to have
begun her studies via the Aboriginal Leadership
Opportunity Year program.
Created in 2008, the Aboriginal Leadership
Opportunity Year is a one-year program conducted
at the Royal Military College of Canada that focuses
on academics, military skills, leadership, athletics,
and cultural awareness. The aim of the program is
to help Aboriginal youth develop their leadership
potential to better serve their communities and their
country.
January 14:
Canada commits to transport equipment
to Mali
Following a request from the French Government,
the Canadian Government committed one RCAF
CC-177 transport aircraft, in a non-combat role, to
transport equipment into the Malian capital of
Bamako. The French forces have begun a mission to
stabilize the security situation in Mali in response to
UNSC Resolution 2085.
On January 24, Canada extended assistance to
France until February 15.
January 15-25:
Subcontracts announced to support a new
and improved fleet of Light Armoured Vehicles
Defence recently announced numerous contracts
across the country by General Dynamics Land
Systems – Canada in support of the Light Armoured
Vehicle III Upgrade Project.
The Light Armoured Vehicle III (LAV III)
Upgrade Project will capitalize on existing and evolving technology to improve the protection, mobility
and lethality of the LAV III fleet. The project will
modernize a portion of the existing fleet to ensure it
remains a highly protected, operationally mobile and
tactically agile combat vehicle that will remain the
backbone of domestic and expeditionary task forces,
extending the life span of the LAV III to 2035.
These subcontracts are a result of the Government
of Canada’s $1.064 billion contract awarded to
General Dynamics Land Systems – Canada in
October 2011 for the delivery of 550 upgraded LAVs.
The Government of Canada’s agreement with General
Dynamics Land Systems – Canada commits the company to re-invest 100 percent of the contract value in
business activities in the Canadian economy, further
expanding the economic benefits of this procurement
in regions across the country.
For a full listing of January announcements, visit:
www.forces.gc.ca.
PHOTO: Sgt Matthew McGregor
My question concerns the Canadian Forces
Personnel Appraisal System (CFPAS). I have heard
that changes to CFPAS were planned and would
possibly take effect soon. Can you let us know what
the status of the CFPAS update is, Sir? Many thanks.
The size of DND’s infrastructure
holdings is four times larger than the
size of Prince Edward Island, but is
spread out from coast-to-coast-tocoast. The footprint of our activities,
such as training exercises, also
reaches far and wide across the
country.
It can be easy to forget the impact
that our projects and activities can
have on local communities; as well
as the obligations we have to consult
with Aboriginal communities.
“Building relationships with
Aboriginal communities is important,” says LGen Devlin, Commander
or treaty rights. There are reasons for
consultation other than the legal
obligations, such as good governance
or contractual reasons. Consultations
can range from formal meetings to
informal conversations over coffee
to letters of notification.
“Consultations can sometimes be
seen as taking time,” says Scott
Stevenson, ADM (Infrastructure and
Environment), “but in my experience,
it almost always saves time and
money in the end.”
The Government of Canada is
committed to building positive and
renewed relationships with
Aboriginal peoples and consultation
plays a key role in the fulfillment of
this goal.
Guidance on consultations can
be found through the Aboriginal
Issues group in ADM (IE). E-mail
can be sent to [email protected](IE) [email protected]
Ottawa-Hull.
Following a request from the French Government, the
Canadian Government committed one RCAF CC-177
transport aircraft, in a non-combat role, to transport
equipment into the Malian capital of Bamako.
Gen tom Lawson, CDS
For more Ask the Command Team dialogue, visit:
dt-ed.mil.ca.
CORRECTION:
Incorrect information appeared on page 3 of Vol. 16, No. 01 of The Maple Leaf.
January 2013 is the 22nd anniversary of the beginning of the air allied air campaign during the Persian Gulf
War. HMCS Athabaskan was one of the CF ships deployed as part of Operation FRICTION.
The M
ple Leaf
La
4
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
The M
ple Leaf
La
Face oF operations
PHOTO: MCpl Marc-André Gaudreault
op
attention:
CaF partnership achieving results
Afghan Border Police (ABP) Quick Response Force practice emergency drills at the ABP Headquarters in Kabul, Afghanistan.
PHOTO: Sgt Douglas Desrochers
the years
“of Over
operations in
Afghanistan, Canadians
have built a great
reputation here, and
we [Roto 2] have a very
good start and it is
very important for us
to maintain that
reputation.
”
— Col Roch Pelletier
“The way we put our relief in
place is very deliberate, and we really
take into consideration the requirement for building relationships,” Col
Pelletier says. “We pay very close
attention to this, so before the outgoing mentors leave, they make sure
a good relationship and understanding has been built with the incoming
mentors. We managed to put relief
in place and keep the same momentum, with the mentoring of the
Afghans as our Roto 1 team and,
after a couple of weeks, I saw my
troops talking and joking with the
Afghans, so everyone adapted very
well to their new mission.”
Challenges
a typiCal day
More than 900 CAF members currently serve on Op ATTENTION.
Most work as training advisors
assigned to the ANA, AAF and
ANP. Some Canadians are integrated in the NTM-A headquarters,
and others provide logistical and
miscellaneous support to the mission. Col Pelletier says the training
advisors start their days very early
in the morning, usually after Afghan
morning prayers, and end them at
noon, respecting Afghan culture.
“It’s very important that we respect
their culture and work at their pace,”
he says.
The shorter mentoring workday
allows Canadians to do their own
administration and fitness training.
As well, Canadians do not work with
their Afghan counterparts on Fridays,
a normal Afghan weekend. CAF
members receive cultural training on
how Afghans live, think and behave,
as part of their deployment training.
“We also learn a bit of Dari,”
says Col Pelletier, “which shows
them we are making an effort to
communicate with them in their own
language.”
This is important because CAF
advisors have very close contact with
the Afghan soldiers and instructors
every day.
“We treat our Afghan counterparts as equals, and support them
when they have questions and need
our help,” he says. “It’s very impressive to see how the Canadians have
built such a great relationship with
Afghans. You see them joking and
having discussions together. They
[Afghans] have a lot of respect for
Canadians; they really appreciate
our approach and are always happy
to see us and shake our hands, which
helps create a very good learning
environment.”
One of the biggest challenges for
CCTM-A is the complex environment of Kabul. It takes time to
figure out not only the surrounding
areas, but also the complex security
and political issues, all of which
makes force protection very
important.
“We take any kind of threat very
seriously,” Col Pelletier says, “and
make sure that all our troops are
prepared at all times.”
Sustaining the good reputation
of the well-respected CAF in
Afghanistan is another priority.
“Over the years of operations in
Afghanistan, Canadians have built
a great reputation here, and we [Roto
2] have a very good start and it is
very important for us to maintain
that reputation,” he says. “We, like
WoRK at tRaining
institutions
CAF personnel are advising Afghan
National Security Force leaders and
trainers at more than a dozen training institutions in Kabul, and in
Mazar-e-Sharif, in northern
Afghanistan. Assistance from
Canada and coalition partners has
resulted in some development and
movement closer to Afghans being
on their own.
On the other hand, the AAF
started to rebuild three or four years
later than the ANA, so it is not as
advanced.
“CF members are located in the
Air Force University,” says Col
Pelletier, “helping to advise the staff
and instructors on their curriculum
and build programs to be adapted
for the Afghans to produce airmen
and airwomen with both flying and
ground-support capabilities.”
Canadians are also positioned at
AAF Headquarters to help develop
personnel management tools for
their career plans to help build the
Afghan Air Force.
“The Air Force requires more
technical skills,” Col Pelletier says,
“so the mentors have more work cut
out for them than [with] the Army
... we are more involved with the Air
Force because they started a bit later
to develop their capacity.”
The ANA Signals School, also
located in Kabul, is almost ready to
move forward on its own.
“We’re mentoring the instructors
on the training courses for higher
levels now, so it’s going well, and this
school will pretty much be on its own
starting next summer.”
Coalition paRtneRs
RCMP and police force personnel
from most major cities in Canada,
along with CAF members, are mentoring the ANP, providing CAF members
with the opportunity to work with
other Canadian protection agencies.
“We work with them helping the
ANP, and we also provide some support for their special equipment that
they cannot get by their own means,”
says Col Pelletier. “So, we work with
the Canadian police hand-in-hand
as much as possible.”
“The Americans give us great
support,” Col Pelletier says. “We also
work with British and Australian
personnel. And because this Roto is
70 percent French-speaking, we work
very well with the contingent from
France ... this is a great team effort
by all of our coalition partners
to help Afghans build their own
security capacity.”
Col Pelletier believes Canadians
should be very proud of what CAF
members are accomplishing in
Afghanistan. “What we are doing
right now is helping Afghans build
their future. This is what will allow
them to maintain their own security
when we pull out in 2014.”
PHOTO: MCpl Marc-André Gaudreault
As CAF members on Operation
ATTENTION Roto 2 settle into life
in Kabul, thousands of kilometres
away on the other side of the world,
the weather isn’t much different than
in parts of Canada. But with light
snow and -10°C temperatures,
Colonel Roch Pelletier, Deputy
Commander of the Canadian
Contribution to the Training
Mission in Afghanistan (CCTM-A),
says with a chuckle, “it doesn’t compare to a Canadian winter.”
Op ATTENTION, Canada’s
participation in the NATO Training
Mission-Afghanistan (NTM-A),
provides training and professional
development support to the Afghan
National Army (ANA), the Afghan
Air Force (AAF), and the Afghan
National Police (ANP).
the other Rotos, will be able to push
the Canadian flag even farther.”
CaF Rotations
ANA instructors do rotate out of
Kabul, though not at the normal rate
of CAF members, but this transition
is worked into the Canadian training
program.
WO Mario Benard, an advisor on Op Attention, observes Afghan National Army soldiers during training scenarios
with improvised explosive devices at the Consolidated Fielding Centre in December 2012.
The M
ple Leaf
La
The M
ple Leaf
5
September
February
2013,
2012,
Volume
Volume
16,
15,
Number
Number
28
La
Face oF operations
Canada extends Commitment
to nato mission in
dhoW inspeCtion
Kosovo
Members of HMCS Regina’s naval boarding party board a dhow for
inspection in the Arabian Sea during Operation ARTEMIS.
Op ARTEMIS is the Canadian Armed Forces participation in maritime
security and counter-terrorism operations in the Arabian Sea region
as part of Combined Task Force (CTF) 150, one of the three task
forces operated by Combined Maritime Forces (CMF). CMF is a 26
nation naval partnership, which exists to promote security, stability
and prosperity across approximately 2.5 million square miles of
international waters in the Middle East, which encompass some of
the world’s most important shipping lanes.
hmCs TORONTO deploys on opeRation
aRtemis “
HMCS toronto will carry on the excellent
work that has already been done by the
Canadian Armed Forces during earlier
contributions to CTF-150’s maritime
securitymission in Southwest Asia.
”
FIlE PHOTO
– Gen Tom Lawson, CDS
HMCS Toronto
HMCS Toronto departed Canada in
January for the Arabian Sea region,
where she will serve until the fall of
2013 on Operation ARTEMIS.
HMCS Toronto underwent
extensive training in preparation for
this deployment as part of the multinational Combined Task Force 150
(CTF-150) and will replace HMCS
Regina which has been in the region
since August. HMCS Regina
deployed to the Arabian Sea region
with CTF-150 in order to conduct
maritime security operations in the
Gulf of Aden, the Gulf of Oman,
the Arabian Sea and the Indian
Ocean.
“These deployments continue our
strong tradition of making meaningful contributions to international
security, and maintain our longstanding relationship of co-operation
and interoperability with our allies,”
said Defence Minister Peter MacKay.
“I thank the captain and the crew of
HMCS Regina for their service, as
well as their families, who endured
their absence over the holidays.”
Canada’s contribution to
CTF-150 is known as Op ARTEMIS.
During this deployment, HMCS
Toronto’s task will be to detect, deter
and protect against terrorist activity
by patrolling and conducting maritime security operations in her area
of responsibility. Her presence in the
Arabian Sea also gives Canada the
flexibility and capability to respond
quickly to emerging crises in the
region.
“HMCS Toronto will carry on
the excellent work that has already
been done by the Canadian Armed
Forces during earlier contributions
to CTF-150’s maritime security
mission in Southwest Asia. The
deployment of HMCS Toronto will
allow us to continue working alongside our allies and partners to help
contribute to international security
in the region,” said General Tom
Lawson, Chief of the Defence Staff.
“I am extremely proud of the professionalism and dedication shown by
all of our soldiers, sailors, airmen
and airwomen who have served on
our various missions in the region
over the last decade.”
Canada is one of 26 nations that
contribute naval assets to CTF-150
as part of international efforts to
ensure security in the maritime
environment of the Middle East.
“The deployment of HMCS
Toronto demonstrates the Canadian
Armed Forces’ capability to support
our allies and gives Canada an
opportunity to operate within a
responsive international force,” said
Lieutenant-General Stuart Beare,
Commander of Canadian Joint
Operations Command. “This deployment also allows us to execute any
number of missions across a broad
spectrum of operations, including
humanitarian assistance, counterterrorism, regional military engagement, regional capacity building and
international diplomacy.”
HMCS Toronto is a Halifaxbased Canadian patrol frigate with
a crew of approximately 225 personnel, and includes a CH-124 Sea
King helicopter air detachment,
as well as a shipboard unmanned
aerial vehicle detachment. The
frigate is commanded by
Commander David Patchell. A
crew rotation will take place during the deployment
PHOTO: Cpl Rick Ayer
Canada recently extended its commitThe Kosovo Security Force conducts
since the current mission began in
ment to provide members of the
crisis response operations in Kosovo
2008.”
Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) to
and abroad, civil protection operations
Eight CAF personnel currently supsupport the NATO-led Kosovo Force
within Kosovo, and assists Kosovo civil
port Kosovo Force as part of Canada’s
based in Pristina until December 2014.
authorities during natural disasters and
Operation KOBOLD. They serve in a
“I am very proud to announce that
other emergencies.
variety of staff roles, from assisting in
Canada will continue to make valuable
“I am pleased we will continue
the development of the Kosovo Security
contributions to the mission in
contributing Canadian Armed Forces
Force and its civilian Ministry, to the
Kosovo,” said Defence Minister Peter
personnel to support NATO’s mission
coordination of logistical support for
MacKay on December 20.
the NATO force. Earlier this
“Canada has a proud history
fall, the CAF increased its
NATO-led Kosovo Force has
of engagement in the
commitment to Kosovo Force
Balkans. This Government been contributing to the mainfrom five to a maximum of ten
remains committed to work- tenance of freedom of movepersonnel.
ing with our Allies and interCanada has supported
ment and ensuring a safe and
national partners to promote
Kosovo Force periodically
lasting security and stability
since its establishment in June
secure environment for all
in the region.”
of 1999. The CAF originally
Kosovo Force has been people in Kosovo since 1999.
deployed a task force comcontributing to the mainteposed of infantry, armoured
nance of freedom of movement and
in Kosovo. It is very heartening to see
reconnaissance and tactical helicopters
ensuring a safe and secure environment
how much peaceful progress has been
until June of 2000 under the name
for all people in Kosovo since 1999.
made in that region over the last
Op KINETIC. The CAF commitment
Established under United Nations
decade, but it is also important that
to Kosovo Force continued in August
Security Council Resolution 1244,
of 2008 with the deployment of staff
we continue our collective efforts,” said
General Tom Lawson, Chief of the
Kosovo Force supports the developofficers to Kosovo Force headquarters
ment of a peaceful, stable and multiDefence Staff. “I am very proud of
which continues to this day.
ethnic Kosovo. In doing so, Kosovo
the men and women who have served
More information on Op
Force is also responsible for the develas part of Task Force Pristina. They
KOBOLD is available at: dt-ed.mil.
opment of the Kosovo Security Force.
have represented Canada very well
gc.ca.
The M
ple Leaf
La
6
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
The M
ple Leaf
La
CaF memBeRs Compete
in world parachuting championships
FoRmation
sKydiving events
Maj Andrea Greening of 16 Wing
Borden competed in the Formation
Skydiving 8-way event on Canada’s
Maximum team with Maj Renee
Point of the CF Military Police
Group in Ottawa. Formation
Skydiving involves a four- or eightperson team performing a pre-determined sequence of formations in
freefall for 35 or 60 seconds respectively. Each formation achieved
within that time constitutes a point.
A freefall videographer follows the
jumpers on camera, which allows
later evaluation by a panel of judges.
Canada placed 15th in the 8-way
event with a score of 60 points over
PHOTO: David Hatherley
Seven Canadian Armed Forces members represented Canada as over
1,500 competitors from 57 different
countries participated in one of
the largest andbest facilitated skydiving competitions at the World
Parachuting Championships Mondail
2012, in Dubai, United Arab Emirates
from November 28 to December 9.
Coached by Major Eileen
Vaughan, from 1 Area Support
Group Headquarters Edmonton,
Canada fielded a contingent of
47 participants competing in 15 of the
21 events. The military jumpers competed in six different events, including
Formation Skydiving 8-way and
Women’s 4-way, Canopy Piloting
Accuracy, Speed and Distance, and
Canopy Formation 2-way Sequential.
Eight members of the Canadian
parachute team perform an open
diamond formation, also called
“maximum ride” as they fly almost
2,438 metres over Dubai, United Arab Emerites.
eight jumps, an impressive average
of 7.5 formation points per jump.
The Canadian Women’s 4-way
Formation Skydiving placed 13th
with an average of 11 points per
jump over eight jumps.
Canopy piloting
events
Warrant Officer Patrick Coupal
from 5 CER, Valcartier was the
Canopy Piloting event competitor
exeRCise paladin Response
in speed, distance and accuracy
events. WO Coupal finished 84th
overall of 123 competitors with his
best placing at 33rd in Accuracy.
Finishing in the top third in a world
event is an impressive achievement.
The top Canadian competitor in
Canopy Piloting was civilian Jay
Moledzski, a former World
Champion who this year took home
both a silver and bronze medal.
The Canopy Formation 2-way
Sequential team, consisted of Search
and Rescue Technician Sergeant Lee
Bibby from Trenton, Sgt Eric Dinn
from Comox and cameraman Sgt
Kevin O’Donnell from Trenton. This
team finished 10th out of 23 teams in
their event, setting a personal best and
narrowly missing setting a new
Canadian record. Major (Ret) John
Scott, a former member of the
SkyHawks, was the team alternate —
all Canopy Formation team members
have served with the SkyHawks, the
Canadian Forces Parachute Team.
Civilian CompetitoRs
impRessive FouRth
plaCe Finishes
The civilian competitors brought home
impressive fourth place finishes in both
4-way Formation Skydiving and 4-way
Vertical Formation Skydiving and in
the Masters category in the ParaSki
demonstration event.
aRmy ReseRvists test sKills
Engineers push a section of a medium raft into the water
during Exercise PALADIN RESPONSE. Approximately 200
Army Reserve Combat Engineers and supporting arms from
Land Force Western Area (LFWA) and Land Force Central
Area (LFCA) participated in Ex PALADIN RESPONSE 2012
around Chilliwack, B.C., over theholiday season.
This training enabled sappers to develop their technical and
leadership skills in crossing water and other obstacles.
A domestic operations scenario emphasized co-operation
with other arms and services within the Army’s Territorial
Battalion Group model.
More than 1,500 Reservists from the Quebec-based 34 and 35 Canadian Brigade Groups participated in Exercise NOBlE GUERRIER, an intensive training exercise that took place in Fort Pickett,
Virginia from January 2 to 9.
During this challenging, eight-day exercise, soldiers participated in various scenarios and intense
combat simulations.
Scenarios involved both brigades
practicing advance-to-contact and company attacks, fighting in built-up areas
and house-clearing. Field engineers also
contributed by setting up obstacles to
counter enemy movements and blowing
up strategic points.
Assisting the combat arms, military
police were fully integrated in the
exercise. They patrolled with the infantry,
provided mentoring on handling prisoners
and performed security tasks. Medical
personnel were there to provide support
while their colleagues staffed a full medical
clinic at the base.
Exercises like NOBlE GUERRIER
allow Reservists to maintain a high level Soldiers from 34 Canadian Brigade Group enter a house in
of preparation, ensuring the Canadian an urban training area during Ex NOBlE GUERRIER, which
Army is always ready for operations.
took place in Fort Pickett, Virginia in January.
PHOTO: Cpl Mario lévesque
photo: sgt doug setter
IN REAlISTIC TRAINING ENVIRONMENT
The M
ple Leaf
La
The M
ple Leaf
7
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
La
Canadian RangeRs
PHOTO: Sgt Peter Moon
make Big impression on army Colonel
Col Jennie Carignan visited Canadian Rangers and got a better situational awareness of the North and what it
means to live in the North and to meet its challenges.
Canadian Rangers from seven First
Nations communities made a big
impression on an army colonel during a four-day visit to Northern
Ontario.
“It has been a wonderful and
very useful experience,” said Colonel
Jennie Carignan, chief of staff for
Land Force Central Area. “I was
absolutely astonished at the way the
Rangers have adapted to living
extremely well in their environment.
They are very knowledgeable about
their own areas and their role is
absolutely critical to the safety of
their communities.”
Col Carignan encountered severe
weather conditions during her visit,
with temperatures dropping to
–40oC and windchills reaching as
low as –58oC. Despite that, she had
outdoor weapon training with the
Rangers at Lac Seul, and went snowmobiling with Rangers on the shore
of Hudson Bay at both Fort Severn
and Peawanuck. She also observed
Rangers from Attawapiskat,
Kashechewan, Fort Albany and
Moose Factory teaching winter survival techniques to soldiers from
Toronto at a temporary training site
near Moosonee.
It was the first time during her 27
years in the Army that she had travelled that far north. She said the visit
gave her a better appreciation of
the unique challenges faced by
Northerners and the difficulties with
travelling and maintaining communications in severe weather conditions.
Part of her duties at Army headquarters in Toronto are planning
and directing the military response
to emergencies in Ontario’s Far
North, where Rangers often play an
essential role.
In 2008, Col Carignan, a combat
engineer, was appointed Canada’s
first female commanding officer of
a combat unit and served in
Afghanistan for 10 months.
About 40 percent of the 560
Rangers in 23 First Nations communities across Northern Ontario are
women. Col Carignan was impressed
by their role in the Rangers and their
abilities on the land.
“They seem to be very happy and
proud of their role as Rangers, and
as leaders in their communities
as well,” she said. “The visit gave
me a better situational awareness
of the North and what it means
to live in the North and to meet its
challenges.”
2013 IS YEAR OF THE
KoRean WaR veteRan
PHOTO: DND
The Year of the Korean War Veteran coincides with the
60th anniversary of the Korean War Armistice and also marks
the 50th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Canada
and South Korea.
The Korean War began on June 25, 1950, and fighting ended
on July 27, 1953 with the signing of the Korean
Armistice Agreement. Approximately 7,000
Canadians continued to serve in the tense
theatre of operations between the signing
of the Armistice and the end of 1955, with
some Canadian troops remaining
until 1957. The Korean War
Flying Officer Joan Drummond (left),
was Canada’s third bloodiest
an RCAF nurse, supervises as medical
conflict.
staff care for a wounded soldier
More than 26,000
during the Korean War.
Canadian men and
women in uniform came to the aid of South Koreans
during the Korean War, and 516 Canadians gave their
lives in service to defend the values of peace and freedom
on the Korean Peninsula.
The names of these Canadians who died in service
during the war, including the nearly 400 Canadians who
lie at rest in the Republic of Korea, are inscribed in the
Korean War Book of Remembrance, which is on display
in the Peace Tower in Ottawa.
For more information, including interviews with Korean
War veterans and an interactive history calendar, visit
www.veterans.gc.ca.
RCAF Flight Lieutenant Larry Spurr flew F-86 aircraft with the US Air Force during the Korean War.
He completed 50 combat missions and achieved one MiG kill in 1952.
– Veterans Affairs Canada, with files from Carl Mills
photo: dnd
More than 26,000 Canadian men and women in uniform came
to the aid of South Koreans during the Korean War, and
516 Canadians gave their lives in service to defend the
values of peace and freedom on the Korean Peninsula.
The M
ple Leaf
La
8
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
The M
ple Leaf
La
pension
plan
ContRiBution Rates inCRease
FoR CaF RegulaR FoRCe
Reminder:
CaF seveRanCe
pay eleCtion
time is noW!
A one-time opportunity is available to choose a Payment
in Lieu (PiL) for all or part of your Canadian Armed
Forces Severance Pay (CFSP) entitlement before you
release or transfer from/to the Regular or Primary
Reserve Force.
deadline
If you are a CAF member – Regular or Reserve – you
have until March 13 to submit your election form
indicating whether or not you wish to receive a Payment
in Lieu (PiL) of your CFSP entitlement.
Your PiL will be based on your years of eligible
service. You should have already received an estimate of
your years of eligible service. If you have not received
your estimate, or believe your estimate to be in error, you
must contact your Base/Unit Orderly Room.
Once you have decided to elect a PiL of CFSP and
submitted your PiL election option form to your Base/
Unit Orderly Room, you cannot withdraw your form.
There will be no extension to the election period.
Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members contributing to the Regular Force (full-time)
Pension Plan saw rate increases January 1.
In Budget 2012, the Government of Canada announced its
intention to increase pension contribution rates towards a 50:50
cost sharing model for the Public Service Pension Plan, and
for comparable rates changes for the CAF and Royal Canadian
Mounted Police (RCMP) pension plans. In this case, a cost
sharing model describes how employee and employer share the
cost of a plan.
The Jobs and Growth Act (Bill C-45) received Royal Assent
in December 2012. As per the Budget 2012 announcement, this
Act made changes to the Public Service, RCMP, and CAF
Superannuation Acts. The Jobs and Growth Act changed the
CF Superannuation Act to eliminate the 0.4 per cent limit on
annual increases to member contribution rates. The Act also
ensured CAF members contributing to the full-time pension
plan will not pay higher rates than public servants.
For 2013, earnings up to $51,100 will be covered by the
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan (Year’s Maximum Pensionable
Earnings).
Contribution rates for 2016 and beyond will be set around
the 2015 timeframe.
What this means to you:
By way of illustration, a member earning $60,000 in 2013
will pay 6.85 per cent on earnings to a maximum of $51,100
and 9.2 per cent on the remaining $8,900 of earnings.
This member would see a monthly increase of $30.31 in
contributions from 2012.
Members of the Public Service plan, the CAF full-time
plan, and the RCMP plan pay the same pension contribution
rates; however, due to its unique provisions, like early retirement
and military disability provisions, the CAF full-time plan is
more expensive than that of the Public Service.
Pension contribution rates are expected to continue to
increase over a five-year period until the government has
achieved its objective of a more equitable cost sharing ratio
for the plans. For more information, please refer to the Treasury
Board of Canada Secretariat Web page: www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/
pensions/notices-avis/2012-12-14b-eng.asp.
ReseRve FoRCe speCiFiCs:
Reserve Force members who contribute to the Regular Force
(full-time) pension plan will pay the new contribution rates.
Reserve Force members contributing to the part-time plan will
not and will continue to pay their current rates.
RetiRement age:
The Jobs and Growth Act also increased the retirement age
to 65 for persons hired into the Public Service after January 1,
2013. There were no changes to CAF retirement policies.
CAF members who release or retire and then become
employed in the public service after this date will be subject
to the new Public Service retirement age rules.
Treasury Board has set the CAF full-time pension plan contribution rates from 2013 to 2015 at:
ContRiBution Rates
Earnings Levels
On earnings up to the maximum covered by the Canada/Quebec Pension Plan
On any earnings over the maximum covered by the Canada/Quebec Pension Plan
2013
6.85%
9.20%
options
Depending on your personal circumstances, you have
the following three options:
1. Elect to receive a PiL of all your accumulated
service benefits. Your PiL will be calculated based on
your monthly rate of pay at your substantive rank, pay
increment and occupation or trade group at the date you
ceased accumulating service benefits.
2. Elect to receive a PiL of part of your accumulated
service benefits and receiving the remaining amount as
CFSP when you cease to serve in the Regular Force or
Primary Reserve. Your PiL will be calculated based on
your monthly rate of pay at your substantive rank, pay
increment and occupation or trade group at the date you
ceased accumulating service benefits. Your CFSP benefit
will be calculated based on your monthly rate of pay at
your substantive rank, pay increment and occupation or
trade group at that time.
3. Choose to receive all of your accumulated service
benefits as a CFSP benefit when you cease to serve in
the Regular Force or Primary Reserve. Your CFSP benefit
will be calculated based on your monthly rate of pay at
your substantive rank, pay increment and occupation or
trade group at that time.
pRoCessing
Starting on April 1, all PiL payments will be processed
on an ongoing basis. If you have combined Regular and
Reserve Force service, choose more than 50 per cent of
your entitlement, or have Reserve Force service, your file
will require verification.
timeline
Given the substantial administrative effort necessary to
successfully deliver on this initiative, it will be not be
possible to provide you the status of your file or the date
you will receive your payment.
additional inFoRmation
For many of you, whether to take the PiL payment will
be an important decision for you and your family. You
are encouraged to seek financial advice to assist with
your election decision. The following information on
severance and gratuities can be found at the links below:
intranet
http://cmp-cpm.forces.mil.ca/dgcb/dpsp/engraph/
pensionretirement_e.asp
2014
7.50%
9.80%
2015
8.15%
10.40%
internet
http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dgcb-dgras/wn-qn/
index-eng.asp
The M
ple Leaf
La
The M
ple Leaf
9
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
La
My Role in THe
CFDS
My Role in the CFDS features military and civilian personnel and
occupations throughout the Defence Team. Featured profiles use real-life
stories to illustrate the dedication, excellence and professionalism of
personnel and employees in their day-to-day jobs under the purview of the
Canada First Defence Strategy.
MASTER CORPORAl
STEVE BEllEY:
Repairing snowmobile engines on the glaciers
of Gateshead Island was the last thing MCpl
Steve Belley thought he would be doing when
he joined the Army in April 1999.
“It was [felt like] -70°C during Exercise
POLAR SOUND and I’d never experienced
cold like that,” said MCpl Belley.
That kind of numbing frost was a far cry
from the searing heat of Kandahar City
six years before in 2006, where MCpl Belley
worked as a vehicle technician as part of the
Maintenance and Recovery Section at the
Kandahar Provincial Reconstruction Team.
“In Kandahar, like being out in the Arctic,
you test yourself. I went overseas to test my
mental and physical limits. I was glad I saw
what the infantry went through, but nothing
prepared me for the experiences working in
the North.”
suppoRting the Readiness
pillaR
MCpl Belley fulfills a valued role in supporting
the readiness pillar of the Canada First Defence
Strategy. As I/C of the Maintenance Section
at Joint Task Force North (JTF(N)) in
Yellowknife, N.W.T. MCpl Belley leads and
delivers innovative mechanical success supporting Canadian sovereignty. MCpl Belley’s
leadership and expertise in engine mechanics
assist the Canadian Rangers’ ability to project
Canada’s military presence across the vast
unpopulated lands of the North.
gReW up in a gaRage
Graduating from Saint-Therese High School
just outside Montréal, MCpl Belley joined the
Army shortly after his apprenticeship “learning
the hard way in the school of life” as he
says with circumspection. He chose vehicle
PHOTOS: Capt Sandra levesque
maintaining
exCellenCe
in Canada’s
noRth
maintenance in the Electrical Mechanical
Engineering Branch because he “grew up in
a garage.”
“My Dad was a drag racer and my Mom
used to say, ‘You’re just like your Dad.’” Yet
MCpl Belley credits much of his mechanical
acumen to his mother. “My Mom owned a
garage and I used to assist the certified
mechanics, helping out at the heavy equipment shop after school and on weekends.
Mechanics are in my blood.”
a good posting and I learned a lot about fixing
vehicles that had been pushed to the max,”
said MCpl Belley.
By 2010, MCpl Belley had just completed
a two-year stint as the Land Maintenance
Management Programme Clerk with 2 Royal
Canadian Horse Artillery, helping to manage
the 40-person Maintenance Platoon which
included Weapons, Supply and Vehicle
Technicians.
It was time for a change.
tRaining as a vehiCle
teChniCian
Following basic training, MCpl Belley was
posted to Regimental Company at CFB
Borden where he spent the following year learning the ins-and-outs of auto mechanics for all
CAF land-based vehicles. As a fully-qualified
vehicle technician, MCpl Belley reported for
duty with 2 Service Battalion at CFB Petawawa.
His motivation to work in the central Canadian
Army post wasn’t mechanically driven – MCpl
Belley wanted to learn English.
“I couldn’t speak a word and I really
wanted to learn. The Army posted me there
and it was fantastic,” he said.
A tour in Turkey followed in 2004, where
he worked supporting Canada’s mission in
Afghanistan.
“We were doing pre-deployment staging
work … forwarding all our equipment that was
loaded in Montréal and arrived in Turkey.
We loaded the equipment onto the Antonovs
that flew into Kabul.”
Following a seven-month tour with Task
Force Afghanistan in 2006, he was assigned
to 2 Combat Engineer Regiment as the “B”
Vehicle I/C. His responsibilities included
inspecting and repairing engineer vehicles for
the Regiment’s operational needs.
“The engineers were hard on the vehicles
because they were in the field a lot. It was
Joint tasK FoRCe noRth
“When my career manager told me that I
was being posted to Yellowknife, I was a bit
surprised. I never thought I’d be posted
anywhere up North. Some people see this as
a problem. I saw it as an opportunity.”
MCpl Belley hasn’t looked back.
Maintaining a fleet of 148 vehicles, MCpl
Belley specializes in the snowmobile and laughs
when he looks back on the variety of vehicles
he has covered in his career.
“Going from LAV IIIs to snowmobiles
wasn’t exactly what I thought my career track
would be, but the snowmobile is the operational vehicle of the North and if we can’t
maintain them, the Rangers can’t do their
jobs.” MCpl Belley also looks after the dump
trucks and ATVs the Rangers use during
summertime patrols, maintaining his heavy
equipment skills in the off-season.
But it’s the personal growth MCpl Belley
is most fond of as he contemplates his time
with JTF(N).
“Working with the Canadian Rangers
has been awesome. They are amazing and
they taught me so much about how to survive
in the North. I never thought I’d do the things
I’ve done up here and I encourage everyone
if you want to live a great experience, don’t
be afraid to come up. It’s something you’ll
always treasure.”
The M
ple Leaf
La
10
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
The M
ple Leaf
La
Focus on people
dFit.Ca
Queen diamond JuBilee
medal CeRemonies
end aCRoss the deFenCe team
helping CaF members
’Tis the season for New Year’s resolutions, and for many of us, a healthier
diet and regular exercise are at the
top of the list.
While major lifestyle changes can
be daunting, this year, Canadian
Armed Forces members have some
extra support to kickoff their
healthy-living plans, and keep motivated all year long. DFit.ca, the
CAFs’ new on-line fitness resource,
provides effective workout plans at
your fingertips, and now offers a
growing suite of nutrition resources.
Launched in October 2012,
DFit.ca is unique on-line tool that’s
designed to move with you, so that
whether you have access to a gym
full of equipment on a base or just
a pair of sneakers and your own
backyard, you can use DFit.ca to
customize your workouts to meet
your goals. The site also provides an
interactive forum for you to post
questions, comments, and receive
feedback from PSP fitness
professionals.
Since its launch, DFit.ca continues to evolve. The PSP Fitness team
has received lots of positive feedback
and helpful suggestions about the
site, and are using that feedback to
improve the site’s communication
tools and printable plans.
DFit.ca’s new nutrition resources
include a Meal Plan tool and Eating
Out Smart, a guide to choosing
healthier options at restaurants.
The Meal Plan is a great way to
ensure balanced nutrition from the
grocery store to the table. Healthy,
PHOTO:
keep new year’s Resolutions
Mary Kirby with Matthew King the former Associate Deputy Minister of
Defence and the Champion for Awards and Recognition at her Queen
Diamond Jubilee Medal ceremony.
well-balanced meal plans are generated for the week, with downloadable
grocery lists you can take right to
the store. The planner even lets you
substitute ingredients to customize
meals to accommodate preferences
and food allergies.
The Eating Out Smart guide is
designed to support you when life
gets hectic, and fast food is on the
menu. It provides meal suggestions
from nine of Canada’s most popular
restaurants to help you stay on track,
even when you’re on the go.
All of the nutrition resources
have been developed with the health
promotion experts at
Strengthening the
Forces, and new
resources will continue
to be added in the
coming
months.
Information about
nutrition essentials,
foods for training and
recovery and sports
supplements are all in
development, and coming soon.
What CaF members
are saying about
dFit.ca:
“This is a great way to
track my fitness.”
“Nice that we now have
something specific for
military that is easily
accessed from DND
computers.”
“I think this is an excellent
program to assist and
help members of the CAF
to program and target
their personal training.”
“Excellent site. Now I
guess there are no more
excuses!”
Visit www.DFit.ca today, and
start planning your fit and healthy
2013.
Queen Diamond Jubilee Medal
ceremonies throughout the
Defence Team drew to a close
on February 6. Many ceremonies have taken place across
the country at bases and
offices over the past year.
In celebration of the 60th
anniversary of the Queen’s
accession to the throne, 11,383
members of the Defence Team
were presented Queen
Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee
Medals. These commemorative
medals recognized the contributions of both military personnel and federal public servants
to Canadian society.
This spirit of self-sacrifice
and dedication to others that
was acknowledged in Defence
Team members, can also be
found in a total of 60,000
Canadians who were awarded
the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee
Medal as a token of thanks and
a symbol of recognition of their
significant contributions to their
communities, the country or for
an achievement outside of
Canada which brings credit to
the country.
One example of a significant
contribution was celebrated at
a ceremony on November 30,
2012, Mary Kirby, director of
Investigations with the CF
Ombudsman received her
medal for her leadership of a
complex investigation into CF
Occupational Stress Injuries,
as well as volunteering with
Canadians who suffer from
mental illness as the PastPresident and Vice-Chair of the
Canadian Mental Health
Association Ottawa. Her Queen
Diamond Jubilee Medal ceremony was a family affair,
because attending with
Ms. Kirby was her mother,
June, who proudly wore the
Golden Jubilee Medal she
received in 2002. The commitment to volunteerism that her
mother instilled in her inspired
and led Ms. Kirby to receive
her own Jubilee medal.
What these recipients have
accomplished will motivate
others to push themselves
further and to continue to serve
their communities, Canadians,
and Canada with selflessness
and distinction.
Congratulations to all recipients of the Queen Diamond
Jubilee Medal. Individually, you
have improved the well-being of
your l1 or your command, and
together, you have helped create
a stronger Defence Team.
Judge advoCate geneRal ReCeives Queen’s Counsel appointment
Nova Scotia’s Department of
Justice recently announced MajorGeneral Blaise Cathcart, Judge
Advocate General (JAG) of the
Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), as
one of the Province’s 2012 Queen’s
Counsel appointees.
“The Queen’s Counsel designation is achieved through exceptional merit and contribution to
the legal profession,” said the
Honourable Peter MacKay,
Minister of National Defence.
“This prestigious appointment is
a testament to MGen Cathcart’s
professionalism, leadership, and
devotion not only to the Canadian
Armed Forces but to his home
community.”
The Queen’s Counsel
appointments are a way to recognize the contribution of
outstanding lawyers who, in the
province of Nova Scotia, must
have a minimum of 15 years in
good standing as a member of
the Bar Society of Nova Scotia,
have made strong personal contributions to their communities
and to the legal professions,
and who must have also
received the respect of their
peers.
“An appointment to the
Queen’s Counsel holds both
modern and historical significance,” said General Tom lawson,
Chief of the Defence Staff. “This
designation recognizes MGen
Cathcart’s outstanding legal
career, his dedication to the legal
profession and his commitment
to the Canadian Armed Forces.”
Queen’s Counsel applications
are reviewed by an advisory committee, chaired by a judge and composed of other lawyers with the
Queen’s Counsel designation.
The National Defence Act
creates the position of JAG. The
Act also establishes that the JAG
superintends the administration
of military justice in the CAF and
acts as legal advisor in matters
relating to military law.
The
The M
ple Leaf
La
La
The
The M
ple Leaf
11
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
La
La
Focus on people
the public service of
the FutuRe:
highlights from the Clerk’s report
The nineteenth annual report on the
Public Service by the Clerk of the
Privy Council, Wayne G. Wouters,
discusses the evolving Public Service
and what it may look like in the
future.
“Although the core work of the
Public Service will not fundamentally
change in the years ahead, how we
work must,” says the Clerk’s report.
In order to do this, the Public
Service of tomorrow must be collaborative, innovative, streamlined, high
performing, adaptable and diverse. The
following are examples of these characteristics as outlined by the report.
CollaBoRation
“By embracing more collaborative
ways of working together, we will be
able to tap the collective intelligence
and energy inside our institution to
deliver better results for Canadians.”
The report states that we must
deepen our engagement with a broad
network of external partners: other
nations, other levels of government,
the private sector, civil society, and
citizens themselves.
Collaboration is becoming
increasingly essential in providing
relevant services to Canadians.
innovation
“We must couple creativity with courage
and start to work in fundamentally
different ways.”
The report acknowledges that
there has been a tendency in the past
to create layer upon layer of rules
and processes to shield ourselves
from every possible error, however it
says that this cannot be the approach
in the future.
Across our vast enterprise, public
servants are already devising creative
ways to do a better job and get better
results.
“We need to shine a light on these
trailblazers so that we can all learn
from their experiments and build on
them.”
Managers and senior leaders can
foster innovation—large and small—
by encouraging their teams to ask
how their work can be done better,
test out new approaches and learn
from mistakes.
Web 2.0 and social media tools
have such potential for helping us
transform the way we work and serve
Canadians. Public servants should
enjoy consistent access to these new
tools wherever possible.
stReamlined
“Citizens today expect services to be
easily accessible, fast and flexible.
Public servants need administrative
processes and systems that enable
rather than hinder their work, while
still supporting accountability.”
The report says that, unfortunately, neither our external nor
internal services are hitting this
mark. In both cases, we need more
than process improvements to meet
these expectations; we need to
fundamentally transform the ways
in which we deliver services and
administrative support in our front
and back offices.
By pooling efforts and resources
across departments and deliberately
standardizing many of our processes
and systems, we will be able to drive
innovation and get better value for
money.
“
Wayne G. Wouters,
Clerk of the Privy
Council and Secretary
to the Cabinet.
Although the core work
of the Public Service will
not fundamentally change
in the years ahead, how
we work must.
”
high peRFoRmanCe
and adaptaBility
“In a world where social media can
swiftly propel an issue into the spotlight, our lead-time for advice and
decision making is shorter than ever.”
The report says that moving forward, we need to experiment with
more nimble workforce models that
will allow our knowledge workers
and specialists to contribute where
and when they are needed, rather
than only where they are located.
We must also continue to identify
the tasks and functions that others
outside our organization are better
placed to carry out.
The demanding period ahead will
also be an important time to recognize employee excellence. Recognition
can come in many forms, and should
be exercised often through positive
feedback, new challenges, learning
opportunities, awards, or public
recognition.
diveRsity
“Different perspectives enrich our
understanding of issues and inject new
energy and creativity into our work.”
The 2011 Public Service
Employment Survey (PSES), show
that the majority – 88 percent – of
public servants believe that in their
work unit, every individual, regardless of race, colour, gender or disability, is accepted as an equal member of the team. The survey also
revealed that the vast majority of
public servants feel comfortable
using the official language of their
choice as they carry out their work.
Moving forward, Public Service
leaders need to continue to capitalize on the diversity of our organization—to draw out talents and ideas,
and to recognize what and
how diversity contributes to the
workplace.
the Road ahead
The report concludes with a look at
the road ahead for public servants.
We have a unique opportunity to be
part of something important—the
chance to shape our institution for a
new age. Although the road ahead
will not be easy, guided by our enduring values, we will join creativity with
courage and continue to take the
bold steps needed to transform
Canada’s Public Service.
dnd selF-identiFiCation study
Are you an Employment Equity Group Member? This year, as
part of DND’s on-going commitment to Employment Equity,
the Assistant Deputy Minister (Human Resources-Civilian) and
the Director General Military Personnel Research and Analysis
(DGMPRA) are conducting a study on voluntary self-identification. The purpose of the study is to gain a better understanding of the factors that have an impact on the decision of designated group members to self-identify. In an effort to obtain
employees’ views on the DND Self-Identification Program,
focus groups will be conducted between January and April
2013 in the following locations: Ottawa/Gatineau, Esquimalt,
Edmonton, Winnipeg, Toronto, Borden, Montréal, Valcartier
and Halifax.
If you are a Defence Team member of an Employment Equity
group (Aboriginal Peoples, visible minority, persons with a
disability, and/or women) , please join a focus group to share
your thoughts and experiences on self-identification. Your
opinion is essential and it will help ensure that the Department
operates with policies and practices that build
an inclusive workplace and a workforce reflective of the Canadian population.
For more information or to participate in a
focus group, contact Sylvie Gaudreault, HR
Functional Advisor, at 613-998-1671, or send
an email to: +Diversity-diversité@ADM(HRCiv) [email protected]
If you can not participate in a focus
group but would like to offer your views,
please send an email to the +Diversity
mailbox. Let yourself be heard, join us in
a focus group!
Please note that this study has been
approved by the DGMPRA Social
Science Research Review Board
(SSRRB), in accordance with
CANFORGEN 198/08.
The M
ple Leaf
La
12
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
The M
ple Leaf
La
get
out
and enJoy WinteR
Operation SNOWSTORM is a new site that provides healthful tips and highlights the importance
of health and wellness during the winter months.
Maintaining a healthy routine in the winter months can sometimes be a challenge. It’s no surprise
that we sometimes lose motivation with shorter days and freezing cold temperatures. However,
Strengthening the Forces has some great news for you! There are many seasonal activities
available to keep you active and in a positive frame of mind when the
forecast is for more snow!
In fact, it’s a perfect time to add something new and continue
with your healthy lifestyle pursuits. For example, why not try
swimming at the local pool on days when it is too cold to play
outside. Take a yoga class or go see a movie. Get out for a
ski, skate or toboggan but don’t forget your protective gear.
You could sign up for cooking classes, go to the library,
or take a trip to a museum with your family. You could
try scrapbooking, writing a letter to a friend or
relative you have been meaning to keep in
touch with.
Remember, staying physically active,
combined with taking time to relax, helps
to keep our bodies strong. This winter,
try practicing meditation; simple, deep
breathing techniques and breathing
awareness are a great ways to realign
your outlook and keep you thinking in
a more positive way.
We invite you to discover something
new! Visit Operation SNOWSTORM
at: cmp-cpm.forces.mil.ca/
health-sante/
asK the
expeRt:
Q: Jogging is my favourite pastime when the weather is
appropriate, I run 5 times a week and have seen significant
improvements. However, I don’t know if it’s realistic to continue
at this current pace for the winter. Should I take up a new activity
instead?
A: Once winter arrives, the nights are longer, the air is colder,
and the snow is heavier but that’s not a reason to hang up your
running gear until the spring. You just need to follow a few
safety tips that will take the pain out of winter running:
• Schedule your runs when the sun is out – take advantage
of the sun’s rays and plan to run when the weather is
warmer, as opposed to the early morning or evening
when temperatures are low. If you plan to run in the dark,
choose a common or well-known route and wear
reflective clothing.
• Dress in layers of clothing – materials such as synthetic
fibre and fleece will protect against the wind and trap
heat, thus keeping you warmer in colder temperatures.
Bulky clothes will have you sweating very early in the run.
• Warm up first – the cold weather can make muscles
tighter and stiffer which can lead to injury. Warm the
body by performing several whole body exercises and
starting slowly.
• Be aware of the conditions outside – avoid icy patches
when possible and jog around puddles to keep your
feet dry.
• Cover your head and extremities – wearing a hat will
prevent heat loss and distribute it to the rest of your
system. Cover your ears, toes, hands, and nose to
prevent frostbite.
• Stay hydrated – Cold air dries faster which can increase
the risk of dehydration, especially when one is sweating.
Make sure you drink plenty of water during and after
your run.
This health column gives you the opportunity to ask your health
and well-being questions to a Strengthening the Force expert.
KEEPING THE DEFENCE TEAM
HEALTHY
Send any related questions to: [email protected](PA)@OttawaHull to be forwarded to the expert. Only selected questions will
be answered in subsequent columns.
staying Fit
duRing
the
WinteR
TENIR L’ÉQUIPE
DE LA
DÉFENSE months
EN BONNE SANTÉ
a healthy and active lifestyle is to
It’s easy to hibernate during the winter months. We have a tendency to
eat more and favourite outdoor
activities like jogging, swimming,
and walking become a chore; leading
to a loss of motivation as people
prefer to stay in and wait for warmer
weather. The challenge of practicing
remain consistent throughout the
year, no matter what the weather is
like. Put on your parka and try some
practical options:
• Partake in some outdoor
winter activities – snowshoeing,
downhill
skiing,
and
snowboarding can be very
enjoyable, challenging, and
help pass the time.
• Exercise at home – Consider
purchasing some inexpensive
exercise equipment such as free
weights, exercise balls, jump
rope, resistance bands, or a
yoga mat. By building a home
gym, you can avoid the dread
of going out into the cold.
• Take advantage of snow days
– Shovelling snow from your
driveway is a great way to get
in additional cardio and burn
an abundance of calories.
• Dress in layers - Dressing too
warm can negatively impact
exercise because your sweat dries
faster, making you colder. By
dressing in layers, you can
remove one layer after another
as soon as you start to sweat and
then put them back on as
needed.
• Protect your hands, feet, and
extremities – When it’s cold outside, your hands, feet, nose, and
ears are vulnerable to frostbite
seeing that your blood flow
surrounds your core. A pair of
mittens or gloves, head band to
protect the ears, a face mask,
and an extra pair of socks is
essential.
• Maintain a healthy and balanced diet – High quality,
nutrient-dense foods boost
energy levels and reduce stress.
Foods high in calories and
sugar will slow you down and
make you want to stay in.
KEEPING THE DEFENCE TEAM
HEALTHY
The M
ple Leaf
La
The M
ple Leaf
13
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
La
milestones Reached for
aBoRiginal people
at the Royal Military College
PHOTO: MCpl Steven Bogue
Acting Sub-Lieutenant Nicole Shingoose became the first cadet from the
Aboriginal Leadership Opportunity Year (ALOY) program to receive a commission from the Royal Military College (RMCC) of Canada on January 10.
This marked a significant Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) milestone and
A/SLt Shingoose will set another precedent as she graduates in May.
Black history month
Following a motion introduced in December 1995 by MP Jean
Augustine, the first black Canadian woman elected to Parliament,
Canada has been celebrating the legacy and contribution of its black
citizens, past and present, as part of Black History Month.
The Canadian Armed Forces and DND and DND are no exception; every year across the country, we celebrate the legacy of the
many black citizens who have served their country honourably in
its armed forces for many years.
Throughout our country’s history, from the Conquest of 1760
to the two World Wars of the past century, the black population
contributed to the birth of Canada as we know it today.
In the late 18th century, as the American colonies prepared to fight
for independence from Britain, some commanders realized that they
could recruit their black slaves to help defend the British Empire by
granting them freedom. In 1775, the British governor of Virginia issued
a proclamation calling for able-bodied men to join his army. He promised
to free any slave who enrolled. He soon had 800 black soldiers under
his command.
The British lost the war and conceded American independence, but
the tradition of loyalty to the Crown among the black population and
their willingness to fight alongside their countrymen had been
established.
A DND publication entitled For My Country: Black Canadians
on the Field of Honour provides a wealth of information on the specific
contribution of black citizens to the CAF tradition.
The Defence Team continues to value diversity, viewing it
as a source of creativity and strength that contributes to the CAF’s
operational capacity.
if you see something –
say something:
SECURITY AWARENESS WEEK
S
Commander Canadian Army, lGen Peter Devlin (right) and Army Sergeant Major, CWO Mike Hornbrook presented A/Slt Nicole
Shingoose her Commissioning Scroll.
The ALOY program was created in
August 2008 to provide a military
education and learning experience for
members of Aboriginal communities
in Canada. ALOY is one of several
programs created to demonstrate to
Aboriginal communities in rural, urban
and remote locations, that the CAF
offers a fair and equitable environment
in which to serve.
A/SLt Shingoose joined the
ALOY program in what is affectionately known as the guinea pig year –
the very first year of the program.
“Right now the program is in
its prime. I can just feel this energy.
I can see the discovery and see
the drive,” she said, describing
the current cadets in the ALOY
program.
A/SLt Shingoose has lived in
Saskatchewan on the Plains Cree
Moosimin Reserve most of her life
and heard about the ALOY program
through the high school Raven
program, a military summer camp
program for high school students.
In 2008, her Raven group was
given a presentation on the ALOY
program, and for A/SLt Shingoose
it seemed like a great opportunity,
so she applied.
“At that time the program was
new for everyone,” A/SLt Shingoose
explained. “I just wanted to see if
I could do it. I was proving to
myself that I could take pride in
what I could accomplish and also
in being a Cree.”
Aboriginals and First Nations
peoples have fought for Canada
since the War of 1812, and went on
to fight in the First and Second
World Wars, building a long history
of military service. That service will
continue through RMCC with the
signing of a memorandum between
the ALOY Advisory Council and
the Canadian Defence Academy
(CDA), to continue to support the
ALOY program. The agreement
will help ensure ALOY remains
responsive to Aboriginals and the
needs of the CAF.
The ALOY program strives
to provide Aboriginal cadets with
the opportunity to excel in the
four cornerstones that are at the
core of life at RMCC - Leadership,
Academics, Military Training,
and Athletics.
Regardless of whether participants choose to continue studies at
RMCC at the conclusion of their
one-year program, the experience
provides excellent leadership experience. Many participants go back
to their communities as mentors to
Aboriginal youths, and are in a better position to assume leadership
roles in their communities.
For A/SLt Shingoose, the challenge to continue her studies at
the RMCC was irresistible. She
applied to RMCC for undergraduate studies and later this spring
will be the first Aboriginal to
graduate after beginning with the
ALOY program.
According to A/SLt Shingoose,
despite a familiar environment created by the ALOY program, there
are still some challenges that must
be faced in the program, including
the great diversity in dialects
between the First Nations people.
A/SLt Shingoose is not daunted
by these differences though, and
plans to encourage youth in her
community to apply to the summer
basic program and believes the
experience would be positive for
them.
“I hope that they can be mentored and I can explain that this is
for us. I can do that, and take away
the doubt,” she said
When asked if she had words
of advice to young people from
Aboriginal communities she said
that young people must represent
themselves well, because any other
behaviour feeds the stereotypes
and that’s not part of the college
mentality.
This year marks the 10th anniversary of the Government of
Canada’s Security Awareness Week (SAW), taking place from
February 11-15. This year’s theme is: ‘If You See Something – Say
Something’.
Security Awareness Week provides a forum for the various
security programs in departments and agencies across the
government. This can include a variety of programs such as;
business continuity planning, information technology security,
information management, training and awareness, personnel
security screening, industrial security; physical security, and in
the case of DND/CF, Force Protection. SAW is an opportunity
for members of the security community to promote their
individual security activities and to inform their employees of
good security practices which they can continue throughout
the year.
Defence is a lead security partner in government and is
committed to contributing to the development of a dynamic
and professional security
community.
Defence
Security
Outreach, on behalf of the
Departmental Security
Officer, will be providing
tools and products that
will assist Military Police,
unit security supervisors
information systems security officers and other
security practitioners
hosting
Security
Awareness Week. All
products will be available
on-line.
In support of Security
Awareness Week, every
member of the Defence
Team is encouraged to
raise awareness by participating in information
sessions, reviewing internal security practices
The theme for this year’s Security
or visiting the Defence
Awareness Week is: If You See
Security site at: http://
Something – Say Something.
vcds.mil.ca/sites/dds.
The M
ple Leaf
La
14
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
The M
ple Leaf
La
The Battle of Paardeberg –
Defence Ethics
Programme
a WoRKing holiday
“Hi Tom, you are looking a little glum today. Everything
alright?” asks Sylvia Carter.
“Hi Sylvia, have you got time for a coffee? I need to vent,”
says Tom Robichaud.
“Sure Tom, I’ll buy.”
Ms. Carter and Mr. Robichaud are section heads in a large
IT directorate in Ottawa. As the two have a quiet coffee together
around the corner from their building, Mr. Robichaud, explains
what’s bothering him.
“It’s my employee-from-hell, Sylvia,” says Mr. Robichaud,
“you know the ‘technical expert’ that transferred over from
ADM(Mat) last year — Steve Halliday? I was really hopeful
that he would be able to grip the problems in my project, so we
can get back on track in order to meet the deadlines later this
year. But he’s always going home sick, or has some emergency
with his wife. He’s only here about 50-60 percent of the time.
And when he is here for a full day, he’s out having a smoke at
least 4-5 times. I met with him early last week again to discuss
his frequent absences, and now he has some ‘sensitivity condition’ and can’t work in the office cubicle we’ve given him.
Apparently the carpets in our office give him headaches which
he says increase his heart arrhythmia. So he feels he should be
able to work at home.”
“Wow, have you talked to human resources to see what
your options are?” asks Ms. Carter.
“Of course, but his arrhythmia can only be accounted for
by his doctor. In the meantime, however, I still need someone
to do the work. The IT problems on my project are no closer
to being solved than before ‘Mr. Holiday’ came onboard. Sylvia,
the bottom line is that this guy just wants to get paid for not
working and I don’t have the time to babysit him or manage
this kind of personnel issue at this point in my project.”
“Hmm, what if you call him on it?” asks Ms. Carter.
“What do you mean?” asks Mr. Robichaud.
“Well,” she explains, “maybe you could get really creative
and put him on the spot. The next time he starts complaining
of his heart condition, call an ambulance to take him to the
hospital. Maybe that will send a strong message to him.”
“Not a bad idea Sylvia, but I can’t do that unless I’m certain
he’s really in distress. That wouldn’t be right,” says
Mr. Robichaud.
From a Defence Ethics perspective, what do you think
Mr. Robichaud should do? What are his ethical options?
mini-CommentaRy:
“the value-added appRoaCh to ethiCs”
Here is a short follow-up to the ethical scenario above,
“A Working Holiday”, about an employee who always seems
to have an excuse not to be at work. No one can dispute
that supervisors, managers and officers have responsibilities
to their staff and subordinates. We should be concerned
about the welfare of our staff, but how far should that
responsibility extend? And just as importantly, we all have
a responsibility to our immediate supervisor and the larger
organizational employer – to fulfill the terms of our paid
employment in the public sector. In this scenario, both have
an ethical responsibility to each other but it would seem
that one in particular, the subordinate employee, is taking
advantage of sick leave benefits. As unethical and dishonest
as this may be, it does not give the supervisor the right to
trick his employee into respecting his terms of employment,
especially in the manner that his colleague suggests. Misusing
public health and emergency resources is just as dishonest,
and more importantly illegal. Other avenues within the
human resources organization of the Defence Team exist
to help the supervisor in this situation. While they may be
time consuming, the supervisor needs to respect the integrity
of the processes already in place, in an effort to effectively
manage Mr. “Holiday”.
Canadian viCtoRy
in south aFRiCa
Hailed as a great feat of colonial
arms at the dawn of the 20th century,
the soldiers of 2nd “Special Service”
Battalion, The Royal Canadian the Modder River. Entrenched well
But without warning, four of six
Regiment of Infantry (RCRI) beyond was General Piet Cronje and assaulting companies fled the field.
accepted the surrender of over 4,000 his Boer Army and it was at this junc- After the war, soldiers recounted the
battle-hardened Boers at Paardeberg ture of the campaign – to take the horrifying experiences of the initial
Drift, South Africa, in February Boer capital at Bloemfontein - that the assault and these thoughts gripped
1900.
Canadians were ordered to attack.
their minds in the midst of this final
The British declared war in
The RCRI came under fire over offensive. They returned to the cover
South Africa for numerous reasons, several kilometres out. To their of their siege trenches apparently
not least of which was the discovery credit, the Canadians improvised hearing the order “retire and
of rich diamond and gold deposits tactics by moving closer to the Boer bring back your wounded”. The
in the area. Canada, politically torn position through fire and movement. two remaining companies continued
between ethnic-linguistic lines to Coming to within 400 metres of the to fire sporadically, deceiving their
support or sit out the conflict, Boers, the Canadians were pinned enemy as to the true nature of the
sent over 7,000 soldiers to support for the remainder of the day.
Canadian retreat.
British arms in the southern
As the guns fell
hemisphere.
silent, the Boers crept
The
warfighting
practiced
by
the
The warfighting pracout of their trenches to
ticed by the Boers challenged
Boers challenged 19th century
investigate. They were
19th century British military
met by the combined fire
doctrine. The Boers, descen- British military doctrine.
of the two remaining
dents of 17th century Dutch
companies. By sun-up,
colonists, outgunned, out-shot and
The results were appalling. The the Boers waved the white flag
out-manoeuvred the British Army, Boers used their Mauser rifles to surrendering to the Canadians.
who viewed their adversaries con- great effect, killing 18, wounding 63,
temptibly as a rabble.
and reducing the RCRI’s effective heRoes oF
Nothing could have been further strength by nine percent.
the empiRe
from the truth.
The British and Canadians spent In an instant, a legend was born.
The Boers knew the landscape the next eight days skirmishing and When the British commanders
like the back of their hand and used entrenching their positions, deter- lauded the Canadians as the heroes
this knowledge to their advantage. mined to defeat their enemy through of the Empire, the soldiers particiThey were also supplied the best a siege.
pating in the fight were somewhat
weapons from their unofficial
embarrassed by the headlines.
siege WaRFaRe
German government sponsor.
Yet Paardeberg was the first
Although the Boers were well- British victory in the Boer War. And
Although the Battle of
Paardeberg was Canada’s first vic- armed, they hadn’t planned on the Canadians’ role in the victory
tory in an overseas war, less well- defending against a sustained siege. was immediately seized by the British
known is that of the six RCRI com- Low morale gripped the Afikan who used it as a tool for greater
panies engaged in the final attack, (African) troops, undoubtedly swayed imperial involvement in South
panic ripped through the ranks and by the presence of their families Africa.
Although Paardeberg opened the
four companies retreated from within their camp.
Sensing an advantage, British road to a conventional surrender of
the field, leaving their comrades to
Field Marshall Frederick Roberts the Boers later that spring, some
salvage the situation.
ordered the assault.
Boer military leaders in the field
The RCRI formed the leading chose to wage war in a strung-out
initial oFFensive
After marching 28 to 32 kilometres force with British troops in support. partisan insurgency. It was a bitter
per day for a week and during the At 2 a.m., the Canadians crept period in British and Canadian
hottest month of the year – tempera- forward. After 45 minutes of unim- military history.
tures ranged from 40°C to 50°C – the peded advance, Boer piquets opened
But at the end of February 1900,
Canadians suffered the punishing fire and the battle was on. For Canadians and the British Empire
15 minutes, a hot exchange between exulted in the RCRI’s victory at
effects of dehydration.
the two opposing forces ensued.
The column arrived at the edge of
Paardeberg.
For more information on this scenario or other situations,
contact: [email protected] [email protected]
Soldiers of the Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry’s Second Battalion cross Paardeburg Drift during the Boer War.
The M
ple Leaf
La
The M
ple Leaf
15
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
La
neW CapaBility
Bio-deteCtion
highlights CBRn WoRKshop
pRoteCting
CaF peRsonnel
FRom CBRn attaCKs
It’s more than a gas mask. Protecting Canadian Armed Forces
(CAF) personnel from chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear
(CBRN) threats today includes an array of sophisticated capabilities and technologies, including sensors, reconnaissance capabilities, individual and collective protective equipment, and a
variety of decontamination systems. Developing and promoting
this force protection capability is the job of the Directorate of
CBRN Defence, an organization reporting to the Chief of Force
Development.
“My vision is to have CBRN Defence capability fully integrated
into force development, force generation and force employment,
and to enable interoperability with allies and other government
departments in joint and combined CBRN defence operations,”
says lieutenant-Colonel Alain Rollin, director of CBRN Defence
and the principal advisor to the Strategic Joint Staff, the Chief of
the Defence Staff, and the three services on all matters relating to
CBRN defence outside of special operations forces responsibilities.
CBRn thReat duRing FiRst WoRld WaR
The CAF have not actually faced a CBRN threat head-on since
the infamous chlorine attacks of the Second Battle of Ypres during
the First World War. However, the threat did persist throughout
the Cold War and emerged as a so-called asymmetric threat – not
so much from traditional adversaries as from rogue nations, failing
states and terrorists who could resort to any means to achieve
their objectives.
The CAF have long had CBRN defence capabilities. Gas masks
have been a staple capability, as have decontamination systems
and a range of chemical and radiological detectors. But the kit was
beginning to age. So, more than a decade ago, the CAF undertook
a modernization program to replace outdated equipment and to
acquire leading-edge CBRN defence technology.
During the annual CBRN defence workshop, hosted by the Directorate of CBRN Defence and sponsored by
the Chief of Force Development, DRDC scientist Dr. Sylvie Buteau reported promising results from BioSense,
a prototype sensor that detects biological threat agents at a distance.
Discussions about laser-induced
fluorescence don’t usually draw a
crowd. So, when defence research
scientist Dr. Sylvie Buteau took to
the podium to talk about the use of
fluorescence in standoff detection of
biological agents, one wouldn’t have
expected a sudden rush to find seats.
But, to an audience of chemical,
biological, radiological and nuclear
(CBRN) defence experts at the
Canadian Armed Forces (CAF)
annual CBRN defence workshop,
she had them at ‘Bonjour’.
Dr. Buteau’s talk focused on the
military’s Holy Grail of biological
The CAF have the capability to
detect harmful chemical and biological agents on contact, a capability
known as point detection. But, newer
standoff technologies under development are offering detection at a
distance, well before contact with the
harmful agent.
Biosense – senoR
deteCtion at a
distanCe
As Dr. Buteau explained, DRDC
Valcartier has leveraged technology
to develop BioSense, a prototype
sensor that detects at a
Chemical, biological, radio- distance. Aerosol clouds
are located and monilogical and nuclear (CBRN)
tored with a technology
known as light detection
defence experts provide the
and ranging (LIDAR).
CAF with detectors for warn- The device can sweep
over an area of several
ing of biological agents at a
dozen square kilometres
identifying and tracking
distance to provide our
the trajectories of susforces with enough time to
pect aerosol clouds.
Clouds detected are then
take protective measures.
lased with a different
defence: standoff detection – or the frequency which causes the aerosolability to detect, provisionally clas- ized particles to fluoresce. The specsify and monitor a biological threat tral signature of the fluorescing
at a distance. Fluorescence, coupled particles is analyzed to determine if
with technologies that measure fluo- the cloud is a threat, and if so, to
rescence, is the basis of a new proto- provisionally determine what agent
type detector, developed by Defence is present.
Research and Development Canada
During the CBRN defence work(DRDC) at Valcartier, Quebec, shop, hosted by the Directorate of
in concert with private-sector CBRN Defence and sponsored by
partners.
the Chief of Force Development, Dr.
This technology is important to Buteau reported promising results
a military force conducting opera- from test and evaluation sessions
tions in a CBRN-threat environment. carried out in Valcartier, as well as
at DRDC Suffield, Alberta, and the
US Army’s Dugway Proving Ground
in Utah.
The Standoff Bioaerosol Sensing,
Mapping, Tracking and Classifying
System Technology Demonstration
Project, BioSense’s official project
name – headed by Dr. Jean-Robert
Simard at DRDC Valcartier, will
provide valuable input into the
CAF’s larger Biological Detection,
Identification and Monitoring
Project. This latter project, currently
in the identification phase, will provide the CAF with detectors for warning of biological agents at a distance
to provide our forces with enough
time to take protective measures.
CBRn aWaReness,
tRaining, and
Bi-national plans
The CBRN defence workshop also
provided an opportunity for representatives from the Royal Canadian
Navy, the Canadian Army, the Royal
Canadian Air Force, Canadian
Special Operations Forces and the
Canadian Forces Fire and CBRN
Academy to provide updates on
CBRN awareness, readiness and
training in their own services.
The forum also heard from other
government departments during a
federal partners’ day. Public Safety
Canada reviewed the federal government’s CBRNE Resilience Strategy
and Action Plan, and outlined work
on the Beyond the Border initiative
with the US, which will establish binational plans and capabilities for
emergency management, with a focus
on CBRNE events.
CBRn omniBus pRogRam
The CBRN Omnibus Program, as the modernization initiative came
to be known, manages a group of sub-projects, each of which
focuses on an aspect of CBRN defence capability: detection,
identification and monitoring, information management, physical
protection and hazard management. The program overlaps the
Directorate of CBRN Defence, for direction and doctrine, and the
Assistant Deputy Minister (Materiel) for acquisition.
In recent years, the program has rolled out new personal, handheld and fixed-site chemical agent sensors, a vital-point biological
agent detection system, and sophisticated 50- to 100-person collective protection shelters. Each project has undergone a rigorous
— and lengthy — process of options analysis, requirements definition, and implementation.
Still in the works are projects for an improved and thorough
decontamination system, improved joint general service respirators
(gas masks), new remotely-operated reconnaissance vehicles, and
a sensor integration and decision support system. The reconnaissance project expects to achieve full operational capability in 2014,
while the decontamination project is aiming to achieve this by 2015.
CBRn deFenCe intRegRation into
tRaining and opeRations
As new CBRN Defence capabilities come on-line, the focus of the
Directorate shifts toward integration of those capabilities into
training and operations.
In February 2012, the Defence Capability Board approved the
Chemical, Biological. Radiological and Nuclear Defence Operating
Concept. It serves as a framework for force developers, generators
and employers to establish and maintain a CBRN force protection
capability. As the Operating Concept notes, CBRN defence is a
fundamental consideration for all military operations, missions or
tasks where a CBRN threatmay exist.
The M
The M
ple Leaf
La
The
La M
La
The M
16
February 2013, Volume 16, Number 2
The M
ple Leaf
ple Leaf
ple Leaf
La
The
La M
ple Leaf
ple Leaf
17
February
Février 2013,
2013,volume
Volume16,
16,numéro
Number
2 2
La
MALI
area: 1,240,192 km 2 \ suPerficie : 1 240 192 km 2
PoPulation: 15,494,466 (July 2012 est) \ PoPulation : 15 494 466 (estimation datant de juillet 2012)
life exPectancy - total PoPulation: 53.06 years \ esPÉrance de vie : 53,06 ans
country comParison to the world \ comParaison avec le reste du monde :
male: 51.43 years \ hommes : 51,43 ans
female: 54.73 years (July 2012 est) \ femmes : 54,73 ans (estimation datant de juillet 2012)
......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
did you know info
nationality
un survol du mali
nationalitÉ
....................................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
landscaPe
economy
Official language is French, but Bambara is the most widely spoken. Altogether 13 of the
indigenous languages of Mali have the legal status of national language.
Canadian armed ForC
ForCes
support in mali - les ForC
ForCes
armées Canadiennes au mali
A Canadian Armed Forces CC-177 Globemaster III arrived in Bamako, Mali, on January 17
carrying a French military light armoured vehicle, medical supplies and ammunition.
The Canadian Government committed one RCAF CC-177 transport aircraft, in a non-combat
role, to transport equipment into the Malian capital of Bamako following a request from the
French government. It was recently announced that Canada’s commitment will continue until
mid-February.
Royal Canadian Air Force traffic technicians from 2 Air Movements Squadron, 8 Wing
Trenton, and loadmasters from 429 Transport Squadron, 8 Wing Trenton, Ont., are part of Air
Task Force Mali, Canada’s contribution to the French efforts to stabilize the African country
of Mali.
Le français est la langue officielle et le bambara est la langue la plus parlée. En tout, treize des
langues autochtones du Mali ont le statut de langue nationale.
Mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south, rugged hills in
northeast
Paysage
Surtout du terrain plat parsemé de plaines onduleuses couvertes de sable dans le nord, la
savane dans le sud et des terres accidentées dans le nord-est
....................................................................................................................................................
natural hazards
Hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts; occasional
Niger River flooding
Malian(s)
Malienne
Among the 25 poorest countries in the world, Mali is a landlocked country highly
dependent on gold mining and agricultural exports for revenue. The country’s fiscal
status fluctuates with gold and agricultural commodity prices and the harvest. Mali
remains dependent on foreign aid. Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine
area irrigated by the Niger River and about 65 percent of its land area is desert or
semidesert. About 10 percent of the population is nomadic and about 80 percent of the
labour force is engaged in farming and fishing. Industrial activity is concentrated on
processing farm commodities. The government in 2011 completed an IMF extended
credit facility program that has helped the economy grow, diversify, and attract foreign
investment. Mali is developing its cotton and iron ore extraction industries to diversify
foreign exchange revenue away from gold. Mali has invested in tourism but security
issues are hurting the industry. Mali experienced economic growth of about 5 percent
per year between 1996-2010.
Économie
dangers naturels
La chaleur, l’harmattan poussiéreux, qui est commun pendant les saisons sèches, les sécheresses récurrentes, les inondations occasionnelles provoquées par le fleuve Niger
....................................................................................................................................................
Un CC-177 Globemaster III des Forces armées canadiennes est arrivé à Bamako, au Mali, le
17 janvier. L’aéronef transportait un véhicule blindé léger, des fournitures médicales et des
munitions des forces françaises.
À la demande du gouvernement français, le gouvernement du Canada a consenti à envoyer
un aéronef de transport de l’ARC, un CC-177, afin de transporter de l’équipement à destination de Bamako, capitale du Mali, mais non de participer aux combats. On a récemment
annoncé que le soutien du Canada se poursuivra jusqu’à la mi-février.
Des techniciens des mouvements du 2e Escadron des mouvements aériens, de la 8e Escadre
Trenton, en Ontario, et des arrimeurs du 429e Escadron des transports, également de la
8e Escadre Trenton, forment la Force opérationnelle aérienne au Mali, la participation du Canada
aux mesures prises par la France afin de stabiliser la situation au Mali.
Le Mali est l’un des 25 pays les plus pauvres du monde. Ce pays enclavé dépend principalement de l’exploitation aurifère et de l’exportation agricole. Sa situation financière
fluctue selon les prix de l’or et des denrées agricoles, ainsi que des récoltes.
Le Mali continue d’être tributaire de l’aide étrangère. L’activité économique du pays
se concentre autour de la région fluviale irriguée par le fleuve Niger. Environ 65 p.100
de son territoire se situent en région désertique ou semi-désertique. Environ 10 p. 100
de la population est nomade et environ 80 p. 100 de la main-d’œuvre s’adonne à
l’agriculture et à la pêche. L’activité industrielle porte principalement sur la transformation de produits agricoles. En 2011, le gouvernement du Mali a participé à un programme
de facilité élargie de crédit du FMI, qui l’a aidé à faire croître son économie, à diversifier
ses activités et à attirer des investissements étrangers. Le Mali développe ses secteurs
industriels du coton et de l’extraction de minerai de fer pour diversifier les revenus
du marché des changes, qui se limitait à l’or. Le Mali a investi dans l’industrie
touristique, mais les problèmes de sécurité nuisent à celle-ci. De 1996 à 2010,
le Mali a connu une croissance économique d’environ 5 p. 100 par année.
.....................................................................................................................................
al G e Ri a/
a l G é Ri e
ParticiPating countries:
(at the time of Publication)
US, UK, Canada, Algeria, Benin, Belgium, Burkina Faso, Chad, Denmark, Niger,
Sierra Leone, Senegal, Estonia, Germany, Guinea, Ghana, Italy, Ivory Coast, Mauritania,
The Netherlands, Nigeria, Poland, Spain, Togo, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates...
les Pays ParticiPant à l’intervention au
mali au moment de la Publication de la
feuille d’Érable :
Les États-Unis, le Royaume-Uni, le Canada, l’Algérie, le Bénin, la Belgique, le Burkina
Faso, le Tchad, le Danemark, le Niger, la Sierra Leone, le Sénégal, l’Estonie, l’Allemagne,
la Guinée, le Ghana, l’Italie, la Côte d’Ivoire, la Mauritanie, les Pays-Bas, le Nigeria,
la Pologne, l’Espagne, le Togo, la Tunisie et les Émirats arabes unis
.....................................................................................................................................
agriculture
Cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables,
peanuts; cattle, sheep, goats
M au R i tan a/
M au R i tan i e
agriculture et Élevage
Coton, millet, riz, maïs, légumes,
arachides; bétail, moutons, chèvres
................................................................................
industry
Transformation des aliments, construction,
extraction minière de phosphate et d’or
PHOTOS : SGT MATTHEW MCGREGOR
Gu i n e a- bi s s au /
Gu i n é e - bi s s au
Océ an
atl a n t i q u e
Food processing; construction; phosphate
and gold mining
industrie
niGeR
Oc e an
atl an t i c
bu R ki n a fas O
Gu i n e a/
Gu i n é e
n i G e Ri a/
n i G é Ri a
côte d’ivOiRe
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement