North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2012

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2012
Catalogue no. 12-501-X
North American Industry
Classification System
(NAICS) Canada
2012
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Statistics Canada
Standards Division
North American Industry
Classification System
(NAICS) Canada
2012
Published by authority of the Minister responsible for Statistics Canada
© Minister of Industry, 2012
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Catalogue no. 12-501-X
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NAICS Canada 2012
Foreword
Statistics Canada, the Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Geografía (INEGI) (formerly the Instituto Nacional de
Estadística, Geografía e Informática ) of Mexico and the United States Office of Management and Budget, through
its Economic Classification Policy Committee, have jointly updated the system of classification of economic
activities that makes the industrial statistics produced in the three countries comparable. The North American
Industry Classification System (NAICS) revision for 2012 is scheduled to go into effect for reference year 2012 in
the United States, 2013 in Canada and 2014 in Mexico. NAICS was originally developed to provide a consistent
framework for the collection, analysis, and dissemination of industrial statistics used by government policy analysts,
by academics and researchers, by the business community, and by the public. Revisions for 2012 were made to
account for our changing economies.
NAICS is the first industry classification system that was developed in accordance with a single principle of
aggregation, the principle that producing units that use similar production processes should be grouped together.
NAICS also reflects, in a much more explicit way, the significant changes in technology and in the growth and
diversification of services in recent decades. Though NAICS differs from other international industry classification
systems, the three countries continue to strive to create industries that do not cross two-digit boundaries of the
United Nations' International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC).
The actual classification reveals only the tip of the work carried out by staff from INEGI, Statistics Canada, and U.S.
statistical agencies. It is through their regular efforts, analysis, and co-operation that NAICS has emerged as a
harmonized international classification of economic activities in North America.
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Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
Preface
The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) represents a continuing cooperative effort among
Statistics Canada, Mexico's Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI), and the Economic Classification
Policy Committee (ECPC) of the United States, acting on behalf of the Office of Management and Budget, to create
and maintain a common industry classification system. With its inception in 1997, NAICS replaced the existing
classification of each country, the Standard Industrial Classification (1980) of Canada, the Mexican Classification of
Activities and Products (1994), and the Standard Industrial Classification (1987) of the United States. Since 1997,
the countries have collaborated in producing 5-year revisions to NAICS in order to keep the classification system
current with changes in economic activities. The NAICS changes for 2012 represent a minor revision and all occur
within sector boundaries.
The North American Industry Classification System is unique among industry classifications in that it is constructed
within a single conceptual framework. Economic units that have similar production processes are classified in the
same industry, and the lines drawn between industries demarcate, to the extent practicable, differences in
production processes. This supply-based, or production-oriented, economic concept was adopted for NAICS
because an industry classification system is a framework for collecting and publishing information on both inputs
and outputs, for statistical uses that require that inputs and outputs be used together and be classified consistently.
Examples of such uses include measuring productivity, unit labour costs, and capital intensity of production,
estimating employment-output relationships, constructing input-output tables, and other uses that imply the analysis
of production relationships in the economy. The classification concept for NAICS leads to production of data that
facilitate such analyses.
In the design of NAICS, attention was given to developing a production-oriented classification for (a) new and
emerging industries, (b) service industries in general, and (c) industries engaged in the production of advanced
technologies. These special emphases are embodied in the particular features of NAICS, discussed below. These
same areas of special emphasis account for many of the differences between the structure of NAICS and the
structures of industry classification systems in use elsewhere. NAICS provides enhanced industry comparability
among the three North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) trading partners, while also increasing
compatibility with the two-digit level of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC Rev.4) of the United
Nations.
NAICS divides the economy into twenty sectors. Industries within these sectors are grouped according to the
production criterion. Though the goods/services distinction is not explicitly reflected in the structure of NAICS, four
sectors are largely goods-producing and sixteen are entirely services-producing industries.
A key feature of NAICS is the information and cultural sector that groups industries that primarily create and
disseminate a product subject to copyright. This sector brings together those activities that transform information
into a commodity that is produced and distributed, and activities that provide the means for distributing those
products, other than through traditional wholesale-retail distribution channels. Industries included in this sector are
telecommunications; broadcasting; newspaper, book, and periodical publishing; software publishing; motion picture
and sound recording industries; libraries; internet publishing and broadcasting; and other information services.
Another feature of NAICS is a sector for professional, scientific and technical services. It comprises establishments
engaged in activities where human capital is the major input. The industries within this sector are each defined by
the expertise and training of the service provider. The sector includes such industries as offices of lawyers,
engineering services, architectural services, advertising agencies, and interior design services.
A sector for arts, entertainment and recreation groups facilities or services that meet the cultural, entertainment and
recreational interests of patrons.
The health care and social assistance sector recognizes the merging of the boundaries of these two types of
services. The industries in this sector are arranged in an order that reflects the range and extent of health care and
social assistance provided. Some important industries are family planning centres, outpatient mental health and
substance abuse centres, and community care facilities for the elderly.
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NAICS Canada 2012
In the manufacturing sector, the computer and electronic product manufacturing subsector brings together
industries producing electronic products and their components. The manufacturers of computers, communications
equipment, and semiconductors, for example, are grouped into the same subsector because of the inherent
technological similarities of their production processes, and the likelihood that these technologies will continue to
converge in the future. The reproduction of packaged software is placed in this sector, rather than in the services
sector, because the reproduction of packaged software is a manufacturing process, and the product moves through
the wholesale and retail distribution systems like any other manufactured product. NAICS acknowledges the
importance of these electronic industries, their rapid growth over the past several years and the likelihood that these
industries will, in the future, become even more important in the economies of the three NAICS partner countries.
The NAICS structure reflects the levels at which data comparability was agreed upon by the three statistical
agencies. The boundaries of all the sectors of NAICS have been delineated. In most sectors, NAICS provides for
comparability at the industry (five-digit) level. However, for real estate, and finance and insurance, three-country
comparability will occur either at the industry group (four-digit) or subsector (three-digit) levels. For these sectors,
differences in the economies of the three countries prevent full comparability at the NAICS industry level. For
utilities, retail trade, wholesale trade, and public administration, the three countries' statistical agencies have
agreed, at this time, only on the boundaries of the sector (two-digit level). Below the agreed upon level of
comparability, each country may add additional detailed industries, as necessary to meet national needs, provided
that this additional detail aggregates to the NAICS level.
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Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
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Acknowledgements
The third revision of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) required the time, energy and
co-operation of numerous people and organizations in three countries: Canada, Mexico and the United States. The
work that has been accomplished is a testament to the individual and collective willingness of many persons and
organizations in the public and private sectors to contribute to its development.
In Canada, NAICS was revised under the guidance of Alice Born, Director of Standards Division. NAICS Canada
could not have been revised without input from the subject matter divisions of Statistics Canada, federal and
provincial government departments and agencies, business and trade associations, and economic analysts, the
contribution of all of whom is gratefully acknowledged.
NAICS Canada 2012 is published by Standards Division. The publication was prepared by Michael Pedersen under
the supervision of Alice Born and Johanne Pineau-Crysdale and with major contributions from JoAnn Casey, Karen
Milligan-Vata and Robert Smith. The Internet version of this publication was created jointly by Sylvain Boucher and
Niloufar Zanganeh.
Systems Engineering Division and Administrative and Dissemination Systems Division were responsible for the
systems development of the PDF and HTML formats of the classification.
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
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NAICS Canada 2012
Table of contents
Introduction
9
Classification structure
18
Descriptions
67
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting................................................................................................................................ 67
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction ........................................................................................................................ 85
22 Utilities ................................................................................................................................................................................... 95
23 Construction .......................................................................................................................................................................... 97
31-33 Manufacturing .................................................................................................................................................................117
41 Wholesale trade .................................................................................................................................................................. 240
44-45 Retail trade ..................................................................................................................................................................... 272
48-49 Transportation and warehousing .................................................................................................................................... 303
51 Information and cultural industries ...................................................................................................................................... 326
52 Finance and insurance ........................................................................................................................................................ 345
53 Real estate and rental and leasing ...................................................................................................................................... 362
54 Professional, scientific and technical services .................................................................................................................... 373
55 Management of companies and enterprises ....................................................................................................................... 393
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services........................................................................ 394
61 Educational services ........................................................................................................................................................... 409
62 Health care and social assistance ....................................................................................................................................... 416
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation ...................................................................................................................................... 432
72 Accommodation and food services...................................................................................................................................... 448
81 Other services (except public administration) ..................................................................................................................... 456
91 Public administration ........................................................................................................................................................... 472
Concordance tables
485
Short titles
486
Alphabetical index
513
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Introduction
Purpose of NAICS
The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is an industry classification system developed by the
statistical agencies of Canada, Mexico and the United States. Created against the background of the North
American Free Trade Agreement, it is designed to provide common definitions of the industrial structure of the three
countries and a common statistical framework to facilitate the analysis of the three economies. NAICS is based on
supply-side or production-oriented principles, to ensure that industrial data, classified to NAICS, are suitable for the
analysis of production-related issues such as industrial performance.
Economic statistics describe the behaviour and activities of economic transactors and of the transactions that take
place among them. The economic transactors for which NAICS is designed are businesses and other organizations
engaged in the production of goods and services. They include farms, incorporated and unincorporated businesses
and government business enterprises. They also include government institutions and agencies engaged in the
production of marketed and non-marketed services, as well as organizations such as professional associations and
unions and charitable or non-profit organizations and the employees of households.
NAICS is a comprehensive system encompassing all economic activities. It has a hierarchical structure. At the
highest level, it divides the economy into 20 sectors. At lower levels, it further distinguishes the different economic
activities in which businesses are engaged.
NAICS is designed for the compilation of production statistics and, therefore, for the classification of data relating to
establishments. It takes into account the specialization of activities generally found at the level of the producing
units of businesses. The criteria used to group establishments into industries in NAICS are similarity of input
structures, labour skills and production processes.
NAICS can also be used for classifying companies and enterprises. However, when NAICS is used in this way, the
following caveat applies: NAICS has not been specially designed to take account of the wide range of vertically- or
horizontally-integrated activities of large and complex, multi-establishment companies and enterprises. Hence,
there will be a few large and complex companies and enterprises whose activities may be spread over the different
sectors of NAICS, in such a way that classifying them to one sector will misrepresent the range of their activities.
However, in general, a larger proportion of the activities of each complex company and enterprise is more likely to
fall within the sector, subsector and industry group levels of the classification than within the industry levels. Hence,
the higher levels of the classification are more suitable for the classification of companies and enterprises than are
the lower levels. It should also be kept in mind that when businesses are composed of establishments belonging to
different NAICS industries, their company- and enterprise-level data will show a different industrial distribution,
when classified to NAICS, than will their establishment-level data, and the data will not be directly comparable.
While NAICS is designed for the classification of units engaged in market and non-market production, as defined by
the System of National Accounts, it can also be used to classify own-account production, such as the unpaid work
of households.
NAICS has been designed for statistical purposes. Government departments and agencies and other users that use
it for administrative, legislative and other non-statistical purposes are responsible for interpreting the classification
for the purpose or purposes for which they use it.
Historical background
Over the years, Statistics Canada has developed and used a number of industrial classification systems. In 1948,
the first Canadian Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) was developed. This was done to meet the government's
need to establish a more comprehensive and fully-integrated system of economic reporting, in support of the key
objectives of its post-war reconstruction programme outlined in the 1945 White Paper (on employment and income).
The 1948 SIC brought together different industry descriptions in use at the time, each of which was applied to data
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
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NAICS Canada 2012
about different aspects of the economy based on different definitions. It facilitated data comparability, by providing a
framework of common concepts, terminology and groupings of industries. The introduction to the 1948 SIC manual
stated that it was designed for the classification of the establishment but a precise definition was not provided.
In the major revision of the SIC in 1960, the importance of the need for a standard unit of observation was
emphasized by the provision of a standard definition of the establishment. The variables needed to assemble the
"basic industrial statistics" required for the analysis of the different sectors of the economy were specified and the
establishment became the smallest unit capable of reporting that set of variables. The 1970 revision updated the
industry groupings to reflect changes in the industrial structure of the economy.
The 1980 revision of the SIC was again a major one. This revision more directly linked the SIC to the System of
National Accounts (SNA). It specified the universe of production to be as defined for the production accounts of the
SNA. It drew a picture of all the variables that needed to be collected from or allocated to the establishment, in
order to calculate value added by establishment for the Input Output accounts and Real Domestic Product by
industry. It gave more emphasis to the role of "ancillary" activities in the collection of an integrated system of
economic statistics and emphasized the difference between technical and ancillary activities and the role of
ancillary units in accounting for total production. By using available statistics, it more explicitly used measures of
specialization and coverage to delineate manufacturing industries. It recommended the use of the 1980 SIC for the
classification of establishments and the compilation of production statistics.
In 1980, a separate classification, the Canadian Standard Industrial Classification for Companies and Enterprises,
was produced for the compilation of financial statistics related to companies and enterprises. This classification took
account of vertically-integrated companies and enterprises and created special classes for them at the lowest level
of the classification. The higher levels of the classification cut across the traditional groupings of industrial
classifications based on separating primary, secondary and tertiary activities in the economy and created sector
groupings that drew together single and vertically-integrated companies and enterprises engaged in the production
of similar product groups.
It was customary to revise the SIC at ten-year intervals; however, by 1990 not all the economic statistics programs
of Statistics Canada had implemented the 1980 SIC. It was decided to postpone the revision and to take into
account the statistical needs of the North American Free Trade Agreement signed in January 1994. The needs
were met by developing NAICS, an industrial classification common to Canada, Mexico and the United States. The
first version, NAICS Canada 1997, was released in March 1998.
NAICS was revised for 2002 to achieve increased comparability among the three countries in selected areas and to
identify additional industries for new and emerging activities. To that end, the construction sector was revised and
comparability achieved, for the most part, at the industry (five-digit) level. Industries were created for Internet
services providers and web search portals, and Internet publishing and broadcasting.
Changes to Canadian and world economies continue to impact on classification systems. NAICS was revised for
2007 to reflect these changes. In particular, the information sector was once again updated. The updates took into
account the rapid changes within this area, including the merging of activities. As a result, Internet publishing and
broadcasting and web search portals have been combined, as have Internet service providers and data processing,
hosting, and related services. Telecommunications resellers and other telecommunications have also been merged.
The 2012 NAICS revision was undertaken to achieve one main goal: to modify or create industries to reflect new,
emerging, or changing activities and technologies.
Revision of NAICS for 2012
A public consultation was launched on Statistics Canada's website on July 3rd, 2008 through a call for proposals for
changes to the 2007 NAICS version. The deadline for receipt of proposals was September 30th, 2009. Review of
the proposals and consultations within Statistics Canada and with our Mexican and American counterparts were
undertaken starting in 2008 and ending in 2010. NAICS revisions for 2012 were finalized early in 2011.
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Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
A summary document of the changes was published on Statistics Canada's website on April 1st 2011 in the form of
a notice of provisional NAICS changes for 2012. This document served to notify interested stakeholders of the
changes at a high level.
Various kinds of changes are brought into NAICS for 2012. Many changes involve clarification of the definition and
boundary of classes through changes to the descriptive text of the definition; the illustrative examples; the
exclusions; and titles of industries. Some changes involve the reduction of industry detail, while other industries are
detailed further. Several other changes involve code numbering changes, by pushing 5-digit detail down to the
6-digit level, with otherwise no changes in content. This was done to keep the NAICS coding consistent at the
trilateral level. Among the most notable changes are changes relating to outsourcing of manufacturing production,
video game publishers and developers, book publishing exclusive agents, and crafts.
Outsourcing of manufacturing
The treatment of factoryless goods producers (FGPs) - units that outsource the transformation process for
manufactured goods - is being clarified for NAICS 2012. The activities of FGPs will be classified to manufacturing if
the units own the inputs to production. Otherwise the units will be classified to wholesale trade. This treatment is
consistent with the ISIC Rev. 4 treatment of factoryless goods producers.
Video game publishers and developers
Two new 6-digit industries have been created to cover the video game publishers and developers industries: one
under 51121 Software publishers and one under 54151 Computer systems design and related services.
Book publishing exclusive agents
Exclusive agents are a concept particular to the Canadian book publishing industry. Exclusive agents will be
classified in 511130 Book publishers rather than 414420 Book, periodical and newspaper merchant wholesalers.
Crafts
The production of crafts by artisans and craftpersons will be classified in 711511 Independent visual artists and
artisans rather than in manufacturing.
Development of NAICS
NAICS was developed by Statistics Canada, Mexico's Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI) and the
Economic Classification Policy Committee (ECPC) of the United States Office of Management and Budget.
The three countries agreed upon the conceptual framework of the new system and the principles upon which
NAICS was to be developed.
1.
NAICS would be based on a production-oriented or supply-based conceptual framework.
This means that producing units using similar production processes would be grouped
together in NAICS.
2.
Special attention would be given to developing production-oriented classifications for (a)
new and emerging industries (b) service industries in general and (c) industries engaged
in the production of advanced technologies.
3.
Time-series continuity would be maintained to the extent possible. However, changes in
the economy and proposals from data users would be considered. In addition, in order to
create a common system for all three countries, adjustments would be made where the
United States, Canada and Mexico had incompatible definitions.
4.
In the interest of a wider range of international comparisons, the three countries would
strive for greater compatibility with the International Standard Industrial Classification of All
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
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NAICS Canada 2012
Economic Activities (ISIC Revision 3) by minimising the extent to which the lowest levels
of NAICS crossed the boundaries of the 2-digit level of ISIC Revision 3.
To help with the development of NAICS, a user committee meeting was called in November 1994 and extensive
consultation was undertaken in Canada with federal and provincial government departments and agencies,
business and trade associations, economic analysts and the advisory committees of Statistics Canada.
A co-ordinating committee and subcommittees, which covered agriculture, mining and manufacturing, construction,
distribution networks (retail and wholesale trade, transportation, communications and utilities), finance, insurance
and real estate, business and personal services and health, social assistance and public administration, were
responsible for developing the proposed structure of NAICS, in co-operation with representatives from INEGI and
the U.S. statistical agencies. Proposals from all three countries concerning individual industries were considered for
acceptance, if the proposed industry was based on the production-oriented concept of the system. The structure of
NAICS was developed in a series of three-country meetings and formally accepted by the senior representatives of
the ECPC, INEGI and Statistics Canada.
The final structure of NAICS was accepted by the heads of Statistics Canada, INEGI and the Office of Management
and Budget of the United States on December 10, 1996.
Conceptual framework of NAICS
NAICS is based on a production-oriented, or supply-based conceptual framework in that establishments are
grouped into industries according to similarity in the production processes used to produce goods and services.
Here the definition of production process refers to the combination of inputs used in producing a certain quantity of
outputs. The inputs are capital, labour, energy, materials and services, a concept known as KLEMS. A
production-oriented industry classification system ensures that statistical agencies in the three countries can
produce information on inputs and outputs, industrial performance, productivity, unit labour costs, employment, and
other statistics that reflect structural changes occurring in the three economies.
The activity of an establishment can be described in terms of what is produced, namely the type of goods and
services produced, or how they are produced, namely, the mix of inputs (KLEMS) used.
To create industries, establishments can be grouped using the criterion of similarity of output or the criterion of
similarity of inputs, processes, skills and technology used. The various versions of the Canadian SIC and of the
International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) of the United Nations have all used
mixed criteria to create the industries of the classification.
NAICS is based on a single production-oriented concept. Producing units are grouped into industries according to
similarities in their production processes as defined earlier. The boundaries between industries demarcate, in
principle, differences in input structures and production technologies. This means that, in the language of
economics, producing units within an industry have similar production functions that differ from those of producing
units in other industries.
The unit of observation of the industrial classification is the producing unit or establishment, and the industrial
classification groups producing units, not products. Groupings of producing units permit the collection of data on
inputs and outputs on a comparable basis. Because establishments each produce a number of products in different
combinations and using different technologies, it is hardly possible to group all the establishments producing a
particular product. It is more useful to use a production-oriented approach to bring together, into industries,
establishments with common input structures, and to compile data on their outputs. This permits the compilation of
comprehensive data on the total output of each product by industry and across all industries.
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Use of the North American Product Classification System (NAPCS)
The needs of analysts to study market shares and the demand for products can more effectively be met by
compiling data relating to the products produced by industries and using a product classification based on
demand-oriented criteria to group products by markets served. Users of NAICS may want to consider and evaluate
whether the classification they require is industry-based or product-based and whether a product classification
would best suit their needs.
The North American Product Classification System (NAPCS) is a classification that organizes goods and services
throughout the economy in a systematic fashion. It will become a departmental standard classification for goods
and services once completed in 2012. A description of NAPCS is available at the following link: Standard product
classifications.
Structure of NAICS
The structure of NAICS is hierarchical. It is composed of sectors (two-digit codes), subsectors (three-digit codes),
industry groups (four-digit codes), and industries (five-digit codes).
NAICS agreements define the boundaries of the twenty sectors into which the classification divides the economies
of the three countries. Although, typically, agreement has been reached that comparable data will be made
available for Canada, Mexico and the United States up to the five-digit industry level of NAICS, differences in the
organization of production in the economies of the three countries necessitated certain exceptions. For some
sectors, subsectors and industry groups, three-country agreement was reached only on their boundaries rather than
on detailed industry structures.
NAICS agreements permit each country to create national industries below the industry level to meet national
needs.
The numbering system that has been adopted is a six-digit code, of which the first five digits are used to describe
the NAICS levels that will be used by the three countries to produce comparable data. The first two digits designate
the sector, the third digit designates the subsector, the fourth digit designates the industry group and the fifth digit
designates the industry. The sixth digit is used to designate national industries. A zero as the sixth digit indicates
that there is no further national detail.
In general, the use of the same code across the three countries indicates that the class is comparable, even if the
title is not identical because of differences in the use of language.
NAICS with Canadian detail is designated NAICS Canada while NAICS with the United States and Mexico's own
six-digit detail are designated NAICS United States and Sistema de Clasificación Industrial de América del Norte
(SCIAN) México, respectively.
Comparability among the three countries is indicated by superscripts at the end of class titles. The abbreviation
"CAN" indicates a Canadian-only class, "MEX" indicates that the Canadian and Mexican classes are comparable,
and "US" indicates that the Canadian and United States classes are comparable. When no superscript appears, the
Canadian, Mexican and United States classes are comparable.
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
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NAICS Canada 2012
2012 NAICS Canada structure
NAICS Canada 2012 consists of 20 sectors, 102 subsectors, 323 industry groups, 711 industries and 922 Canadian
industries, and replaces NAICS Canada 2007. The following summary table shows the counts of subsectors,
industry groups, industries, and Canadian industries for each of the NAICS sectors.
6HFWRU
FRGH
6HFWRUQDPH
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
5
19
41
50
115
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction
3
5
10
29
47
Utilities
1
3
6
10
20
Construction
3
10
28
29
70
Manufacturing
21
86
181
251
539
Wholesale trade
9
26
72
72
179
Retail trade
12
27
58
74
171
Transportation and warehousing
11
29
42
58
140
Information and cultural industries
6
12
27
30
75
Finance and insurance
5
11
28
52
96
Real estate and rental and leasing
3
8
19
22
52
Professional, scientific and technical services
1
9
35
41
86
Management of companies and enterprises
1
1
1
2
5
Administrative and support, waste management
and remediation services
2
11
29
34
76
Educational services
1
7
12
12
32
Health care and social assistance
4
18
30
37
89
Arts, entertainment and recreation
3
9
23
34
69
Accommodation and food services
2
6
10
18
36
Other services (except public administration)
4
14
30
38
86
Public administration
5
12
29
29
75
102
323
711
922
7RWDO
14
6XE
VHFWRUV
,QGXVWU\ ,QGXVWULHV&DQDGLDQ 7RWDO
JURXSV
LQGXVWULHV
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
2,058
NAICS Canada 2012
Definition of the establishment
NAICS is a classification system for establishments. The establishment is defined as the smallest operating entity
for which records provide information on the cost of inputs - capital, labour, energy, materials and services employed to produce the units of output. The output may be sold to other establishments and receipts or sales
recorded, or the output may be provided without explicit charge, that is, the good or service may be "sold" within the
company itself.
The establishment in NAICS Canada is generally a single physical location, where business is conducted or where
services or industrial operations are performed (for example, a factory, mill, store, hotel, movie theatre, mine, farm,
airline terminal, sales office, warehouse, or central administrative office).
There are cases where records identify distinct and separate economic activities performed at a single physical
location (e.g., shops in a hotel). These retailing activities, operated out of the same physical location as the hotel,
are identified as separate establishments and classified in retail trade while the hotel is classified in
accommodation. In such cases, each activity is treated as a separate establishment provided that: no one industry
description in the classification includes such combined activities; separate reports can be prepared on the number
of employees, their wages and salaries, sales or receipts, and expenses; and employment and output are
significant for both activities.
Exceptions to the single location exist for physically dispersed operations, such as construction, transportation, and
telecommunications. For these activities the individual sites, projects, fields, networks, lines, or systems of such
dispersed activities are not normally considered to be establishments. The establishment is represented by those
relatively permanent main or branch offices, terminals, stations, and so forth, that are either (1) directly responsible
for supervising such activities, or (2) the base from which personnel operate to carry out these activities.
Although an establishment may be identical with the enterprise (company), the two terms should not be confused.
An enterprise (company) may consist of more than one establishment. Such multi-unit enterprises may have
establishments in more than one industry in NAICS. If such enterprises have a separate establishment primarily
engaged in providing headquarters services, these establishments are classified in NAICS Sector 55, Management
of companies and enterprises.
Although all establishments have output, they may or may not have receipts. In large enterprises, it is not unusual
for establishments to exist to solely serve other establishments of the same enterprise (auxiliary establishments). In
such cases, these units often do not collect receipts from the establishments they serve. This type of support
activity is found throughout the economy and involves goods producing activities as well as services. Units that
carry out support activities for the enterprise to which they belong are classified, to the extent feasible, according to
the NAICS code related to their own activity. This means that warehouses providing storage facilities for their own
enterprise will be classified as warehouses.
Determining the industry classification of an establishment
An establishment is classified to an industry when its principal activity meets the definition for that industry. This is a
straightforward determination for establishments engaged in a single activity, but where establishments are
engaged in more than one activity, it is necessary to establish procedures for identifying its principal activity.
In cases where there is more than one activity, the industry code is assigned based on the relative share of
value-added. The activity with the largest value-added is identified as the establishment's principal activity, and the
establishment is classified to the industry corresponding to that activity. For example, if the value added within an
establishment consists of 40% from manufacturing dishwashers, 30% from manufacturing airspeed instruments and
30% from assembling clocks, it will be classified to NAICS 335223, Major kitchen appliance manufacturing. The
assignment of the industry code is performed at the 6-digit level of the classification.
In most cases, when an establishment is engaged in more than one activity, the activities are treated independently.
However, in some cases, the activities are treated in combination. There are two types of combined activities that
are given special attention in NAICS. They are vertical integration and joint production (horizontal integration).
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
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NAICS Canada 2012
These combined activities have an economic basis and occur in both goods-producing and services-producing
sectors. In some cases, there are efficiencies to be gained from combining certain activities in the same
establishment. Some of these combinations occur so commonly or frequently that their combination can be treated
as a third activity in its own right and explicitly classified in a specific industry.
One approach to classifying these activities would be to use the primary activity rule, that is, whichever activity is
largest. However, the fundamental principle of NAICS is that establishments that employ the same production
process should be classified in the same industry. If the premise that the combined activities correspond to a
distinct third activity is accepted, then using the primary activity rule would place establishments performing the
same combination of activities in different industries, thereby violating the production principle of NAICS. A second
reason for NAICS recognizing combined activities is to improve the stability of establishment classification, both
over time and among the various parties that implement the classification. An establishment should remain
classified in the same industry unless its production process changes; and different parties should code the same
establishment or type of establishment in the same way. A consistent treatment of establishments with combined
activities is more likely if they are classified to a single industry.
Vertical integration involves consecutive stages of fabrication or production processes in which the output of one
step is the input of the next. In general, establishments will be classified based on the final process in a
vertically-integrated production environment, unless specifically identified as classified in another industry. For
example, paper may be produced either by establishments that first produce pulp and then consume that pulp to
produce paper or by those establishments producing paper from purchased pulp. NAICS specifies that both of
these types of paper-producing processes should be classified in NAICS 32212, Paper mills rather than in NAICS
32211, Pulp mills. In other cases, NAICS specifies that vertically-integrated establishments be classified in the
industry representing the first stage of the manufacturing process. For example, steel mills that make steel and also
perform other activities such as producing steel castings are classified in NAICS 33111, Iron and steel mills and
ferro-alloy manufacturing, the first stage of the manufacturing process.
The joint production of goods or services represents the second type of combined activities. In some cases, these
combined activities have been assigned to a specific NAICS industry. For example, establishments that both
engage in the sale of new cars and also provide repair services are coded to NAICS 44111, New car dealers. In
other cases, specific industries have been identified for these combined activities, such as NAICS 44711, Gasoline
stations with convenience stores.
In some complex businesses, there are units that exclusively produce services in support of other units within the
same company or enterprise. Examples of such units are transportation units, central administrative units and head
offices. Such units are known as ancillary units and are classified according to the NAICS code related to their own
activity. This means that a warehouse providing storage facilities for its own company or enterprise will be classified
as a warehouse. Similarly, a head office providing headquarters services for its own company or enterprise will be
classified to the head office industry.
Relationship between NAICS and ISIC Revision 4
Recognizing that economic statistics are substantially more useful if they are also internationally comparable, the
Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (UN) first adopted an International Standard Industrial
Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) in 1948. Since then, ISIC has been revised in 1958, 1968, 1989, and,
most recently, in 2008. This 2008 version of the classification is referred to as ISIC Revision 4. With these various
revisions, the Council has recommended that member states adopt, as soon as possible, the latest version of the
classification, with such modifications as necessary to meet national requirements, without disturbing the framework
of the classification.
Similar to NAICS, ISIC was designed primarily to provide a classification for grouping activities (rather than
enterprises or firms), and the primary focus for the ISIC classification system is the kind of activity in which
establishments or other statistical entities are engaged. Whereas the main criteria employed in delineating the
divisions, groups and classes of ISIC are: (a) the character of the goods and services produced; (b) the uses to
which the goods and services are put; and (c) the inputs, the process and technology of production, it is the third
criterion of ISIC that corresponds to the conceptual basis of NAICS.
16
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NAICS Canada 2012
ISIC Rev. 4 groups economic activity into 21 broad sections, 88 divisions, 238 groups, and 419 classes. In the
coding system, sections are distinguished by the letters A through U and the divisions, groups, and classes are
identified as the two-digit, three-digit, and four-digit groupings, respectively. As was the case with NAICS, the most
recent revision of ISIC also focused on improvements to the detail in services sections.
In the development and subsequent revision of NAICS industries, the statistical agencies of the three countries
strove to create industries that did not cross ISIC two-digit boundaries. The 2007 revision of NAICS and revision 4
of ISIC increased comparability beyond previous levels. The 2012 NAICS revision maintains the same level of
comparability with ISIC Rev. 4.
The third and fourth versions of ISIC put increased emphasis on harmonization with other activity classifications.
ISIC Rev. 4 in particular was intended to have improved comparability with NAICS. The ISIC Rev. 4 revision
process spanned several years and involved contributions from classification experts and users around the world,
including NAICS experts. The revised ISIC structure is more detailed than the previous version, especially in the
area of services. As well, to improve comparability explanatory notes have been extended to provide additional
detail. This improved comparability reflects ISIC's central role in international comparison and analysis of industry
statistics.
In addition to working to maintain coherence between NAICS and ISIC, international efforts have also focused on
moving towards greater coherence between NAICS, ISIC and the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in
the European Community (NACE, Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté
européenne). NACE is very similar to ISIC, so improved convergence of NAICS with ISIC benefits convergence
with NACE as well.
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
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NAICS Canada 2012
Classification structure
The structure of NAICS Canada displays the codes and titles of the sectors, subsectors, industry groups, industry,
and Canadian industries. In general, comparable sectors, subsectors, industry groups, industries carry the same
code in NAICS Canada, NAICS Mexico and NAICS United States.
The superscripts at the end of NAICS class titles are used to signify comparability:
CAN
MEX
US
[Blank]
18
Canadian class only
Canadian and Mexican classes are comparable
Canadian and United States classes are comparable
Canadian, Mexican and United States classes are comparable.
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
111 Crop production
1111 Oilseed and grain farming
11111
Soybean farming
111110
Soybean farming
11112
Oilseed (except soybean) farming
111120
Oilseed (except soybean) farming US
11113
Dry pea and bean farming
111130
Dry pea and bean farming US
11114
Wheat farming
111140
Wheat farming
11115
Corn farming
111150
Corn farming US
11116
Rice farming
111160
Rice farming
11119
Other grain farming
111190
Other grain farming CAN
1112 Vegetable and melon farming
11121
Vegetable and melon farming
111211
Potato farming US
111219
Other vegetable (except potato) and melon farming US
1113 Fruit and tree nut farming
11131
Orange groves
111310
Orange groves
11132
Citrus (except orange) groves
111320
Citrus (except orange) groves US
11133
Non-citrus fruit and tree nut farming
111330
Non-citrus fruit and tree nut farming CAN
1114 Greenhouse, nursery and floriculture production
11141
Food crops grown under cover
111411
Mushroom production US
111419
Other food crops grown under cover US
11142
Nursery and floriculture production
111421
Nursery and tree production US
111422
Floriculture production US
1119 Other crop farming
11191
Tobacco farming
111910
Tobacco farming
11192
Cotton farming
111920
Cotton farming
11193
Sugar cane farming
111930
Sugar cane farming
11194
Hay farming
111940
Hay farming US
11199
All other crop farming
111993
Fruit and vegetable combination farming CAN
111994
Maple syrup and products production CAN
111999
All other miscellaneous crop farming CAN
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
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NAICS Canada 2012
112 Animal production and aquaculture
1121 Cattle ranching and farming
11211
Beef cattle ranching and farming, including feedlots
112110
Beef cattle ranching and farming, including feedlots CAN
11212
Dairy cattle and milk production
112120
Dairy cattle and milk production
1122 Hog and pig farming
11221
Hog and pig farming
112210
Hog and pig farming US
1123 Poultry and egg production
11231
Chicken egg production
112310
Chicken egg production US
11232
Broiler and other meat-type chicken production
112320
Broiler and other meat-type chicken production
11233
Turkey production
112330
Turkey production
11234
Poultry hatcheries
112340
Poultry hatcheries
11239
Other poultry production
112391
Combination poultry and egg production CAN
112399
All other poultry production CAN
1124 Sheep and goat farming
11241
Sheep farming
112410
Sheep farming US
11242
Goat farming
112420
Goat farming
1125 Aquaculture
11251
Aquaculture
112510
Aquaculture CAN
1129 Other animal production
11291
Apiculture
112910
Apiculture
11292
Horse and other equine production
112920
Horse and other equine production
11293
Fur-bearing animal and rabbit production
112930
Fur-bearing animal and rabbit production
11299
All other animal production
112991
Animal combination farming CAN
112999
All other miscellaneous animal production CAN
113 Forestry and logging
1131 Timber tract operations
11311
Timber tract operations
113110
Timber tract operations
1132 Forest nurseries and gathering of forest products
11321
Forest nurseries and gathering of forest products
113210
Forest nurseries and gathering of forest products US
20
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NAICS Canada 2012
1133 Logging
11331
Logging
113311
Logging (except contract) CAN
113312
Contract logging CAN
114 Fishing, hunting and trapping
1141 Fishing
11411
114113
114114
Fishing
Salt water fishing CAN
Freshwater fishing CAN
1142 Hunting and trapping
11421
Hunting and trapping
114210
Hunting and trapping
115 Support activities for agriculture and forestry
1151 Support activities for crop production
11511
Support activities for crop production
115110
Support activities for crop production CAN
1152 Support activities for animal production
11521
Support activities for animal production
115210
Support activities for animal production
1153 Support activities for forestry
11531
Support activities for forestry
115310
Support activities for forestry
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction
211 Oil and gas extraction
2111 Oil and gas extraction
21111
Oil and gas extraction
211113
Conventional oil and gas extraction CAN
211114
Non-conventional oil extraction CAN
212 Mining and quarrying (except oil and gas)
2121 Coal mining
21211
Coal mining
212114
Bituminous coal mining CAN
212115
Subbituminous coal mining CAN
212116
Lignite coal mining CAN
2122 Metal ore mining
21221
Iron ore mining
212210
Iron ore mining
21222
Gold and silver ore mining
212220
Gold and silver ore mining CAN
21223
Copper, nickel, lead and zinc ore mining
212231
Lead-zinc ore mining US
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
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NAICS Canada 2012
212232
212233
21229
212291
212299
Nickel-copper ore mining CAN
Copper-zinc ore mining CAN
Other metal ore mining
Uranium ore mining US
All other metal ore mining US
2123 Non-metallic mineral mining and quarrying
21231
Stone mining and quarrying
212314
Granite mining and quarrying CAN
212315
Limestone mining and quarrying CAN
212316
Marble mining and quarrying CAN
212317
Sandstone mining and quarrying CAN
21232
Sand, gravel, clay, and ceramic and refractory minerals mining and quarrying
212323
Sand and gravel mining and quarrying CAN
212326
Shale, clay and refractory mineral mining and quarrying CAN
21239
Other non-metallic mineral mining and quarrying
212392
Diamond mining CAN
212393
Salt mining CAN
212394
Asbestos mining CAN
212395
Gypsum mining CAN
212396
Potash mining CAN
212397
Peat extraction CAN
212398
All other non-metallic mineral mining and quarrying CAN
213 Support activities for mining, and oil and gas extraction
2131 Support activities for mining, and oil and gas extraction
21311
Support activities for mining, and oil and gas extraction
213111
Oil and gas contract drilling
213117
Contract drilling (except oil and gas) CAN
213118
Services to oil and gas extraction CAN
213119
Other support activities for mining CAN
22 Utilities
221 Utilities
2211 Electric power generation, transmission and distribution
22111
Electric power generation US
221111
Hydro-electric power generation US
221112
Fossil-fuel electric power generation US
221113
Nuclear electric power generation US
221119
Other electric power generation US
22112
Electric power transmission, control and distribution US
221121
Electric bulk power transmission and control US
221122
Electric power distribution US
2212 Natural gas distribution
22121
Natural gas distribution US
221210
Natural gas distribution US
2213 Water, sewage and other systems
22131
Water supply and irrigation systems US
22
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
221310
22132
221320
22133
221330
Water supply and irrigation systems US
Sewage treatment facilities US
Sewage treatment facilities US
Steam and air-conditioning supply US
Steam and air-conditioning supply US
23 Construction
236 Construction of buildings
2361 Residential building construction
23611
Residential building construction
236110
Residential building construction CAN
2362 Non-residential building construction
23621
Industrial building and structure construction
236210
Industrial building and structure construction US
23622
Commercial and institutional building construction
236220
Commercial and institutional building construction US
237 Heavy and civil engineering construction
2371 Utility system construction
23711
Water and sewer line and related structures construction
237110
Water and sewer line and related structures construction US
23712
Oil and gas pipeline and related structures construction
237120
Oil and gas pipeline and related structures construction US
23713
Power and communication line and related structures construction
237130
Power and communication line and related structures construction US
2372 Land subdivision
23721
Land subdivision
237210
Land subdivision US
2373 Highway, street and bridge construction
23731
Highway, street and bridge construction
237310
Highway, street and bridge construction US
2379 Other heavy and civil engineering construction
23799
Other heavy and civil engineering construction
237990
Other heavy and civil engineering construction US
238 Specialty trade contractors
2381 Foundation, structure, and building exterior contractors
23811
Poured concrete foundation and structure contractors
238110
Poured concrete foundation and structure contractors
23812
Structural steel and precast concrete contractors
238120
Structural steel and precast concrete contractors US
23813
Framing contractors US
238130
Framing contractors US
23814
Masonry contractors US
238140
Masonry contractors US
23815
Glass and glazing contractors US
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
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NAICS Canada 2012
238150
23816
238160
23817
238170
23819
238190
Glass and glazing contractors US
Roofing contractors US
Roofing contractors US
Siding contractors US
Siding contractors US
Other foundation, structure and building exterior contractors US
Other foundation, structure and building exterior contractors US
2382 Building equipment contractors
23821
Electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors
238210
Electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors
23822
Plumbing, heating and air-conditioning contractors
238220
Plumbing, heating and air-conditioning contractors US
23829
Other building equipment contractors
238291
Elevator and escalator installation contractors CAN
238299
All other building equipment contractors CAN
2383 Building finishing contractors
23831
Drywall and insulation contractors
238310
Drywall and insulation contractors US
23832
Painting and wall covering contractors
238320
Painting and wall covering contractors
23833
Flooring contractors
238330
Flooring contractors
23834
Tile and terrazzo contractors
238340
Tile and terrazzo contractors
23835
Finish carpentry contractors
238350
Finish carpentry contractors
23839
Other building finishing contractors
238390
Other building finishing contractors
2389 Other specialty trade contractors
23891
Site preparation contractors
238910
Site preparation contractors
23899
All other specialty trade contractors
238990
All other specialty trade contractors US
31-33 Manufacturing
311 Food manufacturing
3111 Animal food manufacturing
31111
Animal food manufacturing
311111
Dog and cat food manufacturing US
311119
Other animal food manufacturing US
3112 Grain and oilseed milling
31121
Flour milling and malt manufacturing
311211
Flour milling US
311214
Rice milling and malt manufacturing CAN
31122
Starch and vegetable fat and oil manufacturing
311221
Wet corn milling US
311224
Oilseed processing CAN
311225
Fat and oil refining and blending US
31123
Breakfast cereal manufacturing
24
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
311230
Breakfast cereal manufacturing
3113 Sugar and confectionery product manufacturing
31131
Sugar manufacturing
311310
Sugar manufacturing CAN
31134
Non-chocolate confectionery manufacturing
311340
Non-chocolate confectionery manufacturing
31135
Chocolate and chocolate confectionery manufacturing
311351
Chocolate and chocolate confectionery manufacturing from cacao beans US
311352
Confectionery manufacturing from purchased chocolate US
3114 Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty food manufacturing
31141
Frozen food manufacturing
311410
Frozen food manufacturing CAN
31142
Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and drying
311420
Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and drying CAN
3115 Dairy product manufacturing
31151
Dairy product (except frozen) manufacturing
311511
Fluid milk manufacturing US
311515
Butter, cheese, and dry and condensed dairy product manufacturing CAN
31152
Ice cream and frozen dessert manufacturing
311520
Ice cream and frozen dessert manufacturing
3116 Meat product manufacturing
31161
Animal slaughtering and processing
311611
Animal (except poultry) slaughtering US
311614
Rendering and meat processing from carcasses CAN
311615
Poultry processing US
3117 Seafood product preparation and packaging
31171
Seafood product preparation and packaging
311710
Seafood product preparation and packaging
3118 Bakeries and tortilla manufacturing
31181
Bread and bakery product manufacturing
311811
Retail bakeries US
311814
Commercial bakeries and frozen bakery product manufacturing CAN
31182
Cookie, cracker and pasta manufacturing
311821
Cookie and cracker manufacturing US
311824
Flour mixes, dough, and pasta manufacturing from purchased flour US
31183
Tortilla manufacturing
311830
Tortilla manufacturing
3119 Other food manufacturing
31191
Snack food manufacturing
311911
Roasted nut and peanut butter manufacturing US
311919
Other snack food manufacturing US
31192
Coffee and tea manufacturing
311920
Coffee and tea manufacturing US
31193
Flavouring syrup and concentrate manufacturing
311930
Flavouring syrup and concentrate manufacturing
31194
Seasoning and dressing manufacturing
311940
Seasoning and dressing manufacturing MEX
31199
All other food manufacturing
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
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NAICS Canada 2012
311990
All other food manufacturing CAN
312 Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing
3121 Beverage manufacturing
31211
Soft drink and ice manufacturing
312110
Soft drink and ice manufacturing CAN
31212
Breweries
312120
Breweries
31213
Wineries
312130
Wineries US
31214
Distilleries
312140
Distilleries US
3122 Tobacco manufacturing
31221
Tobacco stemming and redrying
312210
Tobacco stemming and redrying
31222
Tobacco product manufacturing
312220
Tobacco product manufacturing CAN
313 Textile mills
3131 Fibre, yarn and thread mills
31311
Fibre, yarn and thread mills
313110
Fibre, yarn and thread mills US
3132 Fabric mills
31321
Broad-woven fabric mills
313210
Broad-woven fabric mills
31322
Narrow fabric mills and Schiffli machine embroidery
313220
Narrow fabric mills and Schiffli machine embroidery
31323
Nonwoven fabric mills
313230
Nonwoven fabric mills
31324
Knit fabric mills
313240
Knit fabric mills
3133 Textile and fabric finishing and fabric coating
31331
Textile and fabric finishing
313310
Textile and fabric finishing
31332
Fabric coating
313320
Fabric coating
314 Textile product mills
3141 Textile furnishings mills
31411
Carpet and rug mills
314110
Carpet and rug mills
31412
Curtain and linen mills
314120
Curtain and linen mills
3149 Other textile product mills
31491
Textile bag and canvas mills
314910
Textile bag and canvas mills US
31499
All other textile product mills
314990
All other textile product mills CAN
26
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
315 Clothing manufacturing
3151 Clothing knitting mills
31511
Hosiery and sock mills
315110
Hosiery and sock mills
31519
Other clothing knitting mills
315190
Other clothing knitting mills US
3152 Cut and sew clothing manufacturing
31521
Cut and sew clothing contracting US
315210
Cut and sew clothing contracting US
31522
Men's and boys' cut and sew clothing manufacturing US
315220
Men's and boys' cut and sew clothing manufacturing US
31524
Women's, girls' and infants' cut and sew clothing manufacturing US
315241
Infants' cut and sew clothing manufacturing CAN
315249
Women's and girls' cut and sew clothing manufacturing CAN
31528
Other cut and sew clothing manufacturing US
315281
Fur and leather clothing manufacturing CAN
315289
All other cut and sew clothing manufacturing CAN
3159 Clothing accessories and other clothing manufacturing
31599
Clothing accessories and other clothing manufacturing
315990
Clothing accessories and other clothing manufacturing US
316 Leather and allied product manufacturing
3161 Leather and hide tanning and finishing
31611
Leather and hide tanning and finishing
316110
Leather and hide tanning and finishing
3162 Footwear manufacturing
31621
Footwear manufacturing
316210
Footwear manufacturing US
3169 Other leather and allied product manufacturing
31699
Other leather and allied product manufacturing
316990
Other leather and allied product manufacturing CAN
321 Wood product manufacturing
3211 Sawmills and wood preservation
32111
Sawmills and wood preservation
321111
Sawmills (except shingle and shake mills) MEX
321112
Shingle and shake mills MEX
321114
Wood preservation US
3212 Veneer, plywood and engineered wood product manufacturing
32121
Veneer, plywood and engineered wood product manufacturing
321211
Hardwood veneer and plywood mills US
321212
Softwood veneer and plywood mills US
321215
Structural wood product manufacturing CAN
321216
Particle board and fibreboard mills CAN
321217
Waferboard mills CAN
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NAICS Canada 2012
3219 Other wood product manufacturing
32191
Millwork
321911
Wood window and door manufacturing US
321919
Other millwork CAN
32192
Wood container and pallet manufacturing
321920
Wood container and pallet manufacturing
32199
All other wood product manufacturing
321991
Manufactured (mobile) home manufacturing US
321992
Prefabricated wood building manufacturing US
321999
All other miscellaneous wood product manufacturing US
322 Paper manufacturing
3221 Pulp, paper and paperboard mills
32211
Pulp mills
322111
Mechanical pulp mills CAN
322112
Chemical pulp mills CAN
32212
Paper mills
322121
Paper (except newsprint) mills US
322122
Newsprint mills US
32213
Paperboard mills
322130
Paperboard mills US
3222 Converted paper product manufacturing
32221
Paperboard container manufacturing
322211
Corrugated and solid fibre box manufacturing US
322212
Folding paperboard box manufacturing US
322219
Other paperboard container manufacturing US
32222
Paper bag and coated and treated paper manufacturing
322220
Paper bag and coated and treated paper manufacturing
32223
Stationery product manufacturing
322230
Stationery product manufacturing
32229
Other converted paper product manufacturing
322291
Sanitary paper product manufacturing US
322299
All other converted paper product manufacturing US
323 Printing and related support activities
3231 Printing and related support activities
32311
Printing
323113
Commercial screen printing US
323114
Quick printing US
323115
Digital printing US
323116
Manifold business forms printing US
323119
Other printing CAN
32312
Support activities for printing
323120
Support activities for printing
324 Petroleum and coal product manufacturing
3241 Petroleum and coal product manufacturing
32411
Petroleum refineries
324110
Petroleum refineries
32412
Asphalt paving, roofing and saturated materials manufacturing
28
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NAICS Canada 2012
324121
324122
32419
324190
Asphalt paving mixture and block manufacturing US
Asphalt shingle and coating material manufacturing US
Other petroleum and coal product manufacturing
Other petroleum and coal product manufacturing CAN
325 Chemical manufacturing
3251 Basic chemical manufacturing
32511
Petrochemical manufacturing
325110
Petrochemical manufacturing
32512
Industrial gas manufacturing
325120
Industrial gas manufacturing
32513
Synthetic dye and pigment manufacturing
325130
Synthetic dye and pigment manufacturing
32518
Other basic inorganic chemical manufacturing
325181
Alkali and chlorine manufacturing CAN
325189
All other basic inorganic chemical manufacturing CAN
32519
Other basic organic chemical manufacturing
325190
Other basic organic chemical manufacturing MEX
3252 Resin, synthetic rubber, and artificial and synthetic fibres and filaments manufacturing
32521
Resin and synthetic rubber manufacturing
325210
Resin and synthetic rubber manufacturing CAN
32522
Artificial and synthetic fibres and filaments manufacturing
325220
Artificial and synthetic fibres and filaments manufacturing
3253 Pesticide, fertilizer and other agricultural chemical manufacturing
32531
Fertilizer manufacturing
325313
Chemical fertilizer (except potash) manufacturing CAN
325314
Mixed fertilizer manufacturing US
32532
Pesticide and other agricultural chemical manufacturing
325320
Pesticide and other agricultural chemical manufacturing
3254 Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing
32541
Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing
325410
Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing CAN
3255 Paint, coating and adhesive manufacturing
32551
Paint and coating manufacturing
325510
Paint and coating manufacturing
32552
Adhesive manufacturing
325520
Adhesive manufacturing
3256 Soap, cleaning compound and toilet preparation manufacturing
32561
Soap and cleaning compound manufacturing
325610
Soap and cleaning compound manufacturing MEX
32562
Toilet preparation manufacturing
325620
Toilet preparation manufacturing
3259 Other chemical product manufacturing
32591
Printing ink manufacturing
325910
Printing ink manufacturing
32592
Explosives manufacturing
325920
Explosives manufacturing
32599
All other chemical product manufacturing
325991
Custom compounding of purchased resins US
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
29
NAICS Canada 2012
325999
All other miscellaneous chemical product manufacturing CAN
326 Plastics and rubber products manufacturing
3261 Plastic product manufacturing
32611
Plastic packaging materials and unlaminated film and sheet manufacturing
326111
Plastic bag and pouch manufacturing US
326114
Plastic film and sheet manufacturing CAN
32612
Plastic pipe, pipe fitting, and unlaminated profile shape manufacturing
326121
Unlaminated plastic profile shape manufacturing US
326122
Plastic pipe and pipe fitting manufacturing US
32613
Laminated plastic plate, sheet (except packaging), and shape manufacturing
326130
Laminated plastic plate, sheet (except packaging), and shape manufacturing
32614
Polystyrene foam product manufacturing
326140
Polystyrene foam product manufacturing
32615
Urethane and other foam product (except polystyrene) manufacturing
326150
Urethane and other foam product (except polystyrene) manufacturing
32616
Plastic bottle manufacturing
326160
Plastic bottle manufacturing
32619
Other plastic product manufacturing
326191
Plastic plumbing fixture manufacturing US
326193
Motor vehicle plastic parts manufacturing CAN
326196
Plastic window and door manufacturing CAN
326198
All other plastic product manufacturing CAN
3262 Rubber product manufacturing
32621
Tire manufacturing
326210
Tire manufacturing CAN
32622
Rubber and plastic hose and belting manufacturing
326220
Rubber and plastic hose and belting manufacturing
32629
Other rubber product manufacturing
326290
Other rubber product manufacturing MEX
327 Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
3271 Clay product and refractory manufacturing
32711
Pottery, ceramics and plumbing fixture manufacturing
327110
Pottery, ceramics and plumbing fixture manufacturing US
32712
Clay building material and refractory manufacturing
327120
Clay building material and refractory manufacturing US
3272 Glass and glass product manufacturing
32721
Glass and glass product manufacturing
327214
Glass manufacturing CAN
327215
Glass product manufacturing from purchased glass US
3273 Cement and concrete product manufacturing
32731
Cement manufacturing
327310
Cement manufacturing
32732
Ready-mix concrete manufacturing
327320
Ready-mix concrete manufacturing
32733
Concrete pipe, brick and block manufacturing
327330
Concrete pipe, brick and block manufacturing MEX
32739
Other concrete product manufacturing
327390
Other concrete product manufacturing US
30
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
3274 Lime and gypsum product manufacturing
32741
Lime manufacturing
327410
Lime manufacturing
32742
Gypsum product manufacturing
327420
Gypsum product manufacturing
3279 Other non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
32791
Abrasive product manufacturing
327910
Abrasive product manufacturing
32799
All other non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
327990
All other non-metallic mineral product manufacturing CAN
331 Primary metal manufacturing
3311 Iron and steel mills and ferro-alloy manufacturing
33111
Iron and steel mills and ferro-alloy manufacturing
331110
Iron and steel mills and ferro-alloy manufacturing US
3312 Steel product manufacturing from purchased steel
33121
Iron and steel pipes and tubes manufacturing from purchased steel
331210
Iron and steel pipes and tubes manufacturing from purchased steel
33122
Rolling and drawing of purchased steel
331221
Cold-rolled steel shape manufacturing US
331222
Steel wire drawing US
3313 Alumina and aluminum production and processing
33131
Alumina and aluminum production and processing
331313
Primary production of alumina and aluminum CAN
331317
Aluminum rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying CAN
3314 Non-ferrous metal (except aluminum) production and processing
33141
Non-ferrous metal (except aluminum) smelting and refining
331410
Non-ferrous metal (except aluminum) smelting and refining US
33142
Copper rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying
331420
Copper rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying
33149
Non-ferrous metal (except copper and aluminum) rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying
331490
Non-ferrous metal (except copper and aluminum) rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying CAN
3315 Foundries
33151
Ferrous metal foundries
331511
Iron foundries US
331514
Steel foundries CAN
33152
Non-ferrous metal foundries
331523
Non-ferrous die-casting foundries CAN
331529
Non-ferrous foundries (except die-casting) CAN
332 Fabricated metal product manufacturing
3321 Forging and stamping
33211
Forging and stamping
332113
Forging CAN
332118
Stamping CAN
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
31
NAICS Canada 2012
3322 Cutlery and hand tool manufacturing
33221
Cutlery and hand tool manufacturing
332210
Cutlery and hand tool manufacturing CAN
3323 Architectural and structural metals manufacturing
33231
Plate work and fabricated structural product manufacturing
332311
Prefabricated metal building and component manufacturing US
332314
Concrete reinforcing bar manufacturing CAN
332319
Other plate work and fabricated structural product manufacturing CAN
33232
Ornamental and architectural metal product manufacturing
332321
Metal window and door manufacturing US
332329
Other ornamental and architectural metal product manufacturing CAN
3324 Boiler, tank and shipping container manufacturing
33241
Power boiler and heat exchanger manufacturing
332410
Power boiler and heat exchanger manufacturing
33242
Metal tank (heavy gauge) manufacturing
332420
Metal tank (heavy gauge) manufacturing
33243
Metal can, box and other metal container (light gauge) manufacturing
332431
Metal can manufacturing US
332439
Other metal container manufacturing US
3325 Hardware manufacturing
33251
Hardware manufacturing
332510
Hardware manufacturing
3326 Spring and wire product manufacturing
33261
Spring and wire product manufacturing
332611
Spring (heavy gauge) manufacturing CAN
332619
Other fabricated wire product manufacturing CAN
3327 Machine shops, turned product, and screw, nut and bolt manufacturing
33271
Machine shops
332710
Machine shops
33272
Turned product and screw, nut and bolt manufacturing
332720
Turned product and screw, nut and bolt manufacturing MEX
3328 Coating, engraving, cold and heat treating and allied activities
33281
Coating, engraving, cold and heat treating and allied activities
332810
Coating, engraving, cold and heat treating and allied activities MEX
3329 Other fabricated metal product manufacturing
33291
Metal valve manufacturing
332910
Metal valve manufacturing MEX
33299
All other fabricated metal product manufacturing
332991
Ball and roller bearing manufacturing
332999
All other miscellaneous fabricated metal product manufacturing MEX
333 Machinery manufacturing
3331 Agricultural, construction and mining machinery manufacturing
33311
Agricultural implement manufacturing
333110
Agricultural implement manufacturing CAN
33312
Construction machinery manufacturing
32
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
333120
33313
333130
Construction machinery manufacturing
Mining and oil and gas field machinery manufacturing
Mining and oil and gas field machinery manufacturing MEX
3332 Industrial machinery manufacturing
33324
Industrial machinery manufacturing
333245
Sawmill and woodworking machinery manufacturing CAN
333246
Rubber and plastics industry machinery manufacturing CAN
333247
Paper industry machinery manufacturing CAN
333248
All other industrial machinery manufacturing CAN
3333 Commercial and service industry machinery manufacturing
33331
Commercial and service industry machinery manufacturing
333310
Commercial and service industry machinery manufacturing CAN
3334 Ventilation, heating, air-conditioning and commercial refrigeration equipment manufacturing
33341
Ventilation, heating, air-conditioning and commercial refrigeration equipment
manufacturing
333413
Industrial and commercial fan and blower and air purification equipment manufacturing US
333416
Heating equipment and commercial refrigeration equipment manufacturing CAN
3335 Metalworking machinery manufacturing
33351
Metalworking machinery manufacturing
333511
Industrial mould manufacturing US
333519
Other metalworking machinery manufacturing CAN
3336 Engine, turbine and power transmission equipment manufacturing
33361
Engine, turbine and power transmission equipment manufacturing
333611
Turbine and turbine generator set unit manufacturing US
333619
Other engine and power transmission equipment manufacturing CAN
3339 Other general-purpose machinery manufacturing
33391
Pump and compressor manufacturing
333910
Pump and compressor manufacturing CAN
33392
Material handling equipment manufacturing
333920
Material handling equipment manufacturing MEX
33399
All other general-purpose machinery manufacturing
333990
All other general-purpose machinery manufacturing CAN
334 Computer and electronic product manufacturing
3341 Computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing
33411
Computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing
334110
Computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing MEX
3342 Communications equipment manufacturing
33421
Telephone apparatus manufacturing
334210
Telephone apparatus manufacturing
33422
Radio and television broadcasting and wireless communications equipment manufacturing
334220
Radio and television broadcasting and wireless communications equipment manufacturing
33429
Other communications equipment manufacturing
334290
Other communications equipment manufacturing
3343 Audio and video equipment manufacturing
33431
Audio and video equipment manufacturing
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
33
NAICS Canada 2012
334310
Audio and video equipment manufacturing
3344 Semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing
33441
Semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing
334410
Semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing MEX
3345 Navigational, measuring, medical and control instruments manufacturing
33451
Navigational, measuring, medical and control instruments manufacturing
334511
Navigational and guidance instruments manufacturing US
334512
Measuring, medical and controlling devices manufacturing CAN
3346 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical media
33461
Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical media
334610
Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical media MEX
335 Electrical equipment, appliance and component manufacturing
3351 Electric lighting equipment manufacturing
33511
Electric lamp bulb and parts manufacturing
335110
Electric lamp bulb and parts manufacturing
33512
Lighting fixture manufacturing
335120
Lighting fixture manufacturing CAN
3352 Household appliance manufacturing
33521
Small electrical appliance manufacturing
335210
Small electrical appliance manufacturing MEX
33522
Major appliance manufacturing
335223
Major kitchen appliance manufacturing CAN
335229
Other major appliance manufacturing CAN
3353 Electrical equipment manufacturing
33531
Electrical equipment manufacturing
335311
Power, distribution and specialty transformers manufacturing US
335312
Motor and generator manufacturing US
335315
Switchgear and switchboard, and relay and industrial control apparatus manufacturing CAN
3359 Other electrical equipment and component manufacturing
33591
Battery manufacturing
335910
Battery manufacturing CAN
33592
Communication and energy wire and cable manufacturing
335920
Communication and energy wire and cable manufacturing CAN
33593
Wiring device manufacturing
335930
Wiring device manufacturing CAN
33599
All other electrical equipment and component manufacturing
335990
All other electrical equipment and component manufacturing CAN
336 Transportation equipment manufacturing
3361 Motor vehicle manufacturing
33611
Automobile and light-duty motor vehicle manufacturing
336110
Automobile and light-duty motor vehicle manufacturing MEX
33612
Heavy-duty truck manufacturing
336120
Heavy-duty truck manufacturing
34
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
3362 Motor vehicle body and trailer manufacturing
33621
Motor vehicle body and trailer manufacturing
336211
Motor vehicle body manufacturing US
336212
Truck trailer manufacturing US
336215
Motor home, travel trailer and camper manufacturing CAN
3363 Motor vehicle parts manufacturing
33631
Motor vehicle gasoline engine and engine parts manufacturing
336310
Motor vehicle gasoline engine and engine parts manufacturing
33632
Motor vehicle electrical and electronic equipment manufacturing
336320
Motor vehicle electrical and electronic equipment manufacturing
33633
Motor vehicle steering and suspension components (except spring) manufacturing
336330
Motor vehicle steering and suspension components (except spring) manufacturing
33634
Motor vehicle brake system manufacturing
336340
Motor vehicle brake system manufacturing
33635
Motor vehicle transmission and power train parts manufacturing
336350
Motor vehicle transmission and power train parts manufacturing
33636
Motor vehicle seating and interior trim manufacturing
336360
Motor vehicle seating and interior trim manufacturing
33637
Motor vehicle metal stamping
336370
Motor vehicle metal stamping
33639
Other motor vehicle parts manufacturing
336390
Other motor vehicle parts manufacturing
3364 Aerospace product and parts manufacturing
33641
Aerospace product and parts manufacturing
336410
Aerospace product and parts manufacturing MEX
3365 Railroad rolling stock manufacturing
33651
Railroad rolling stock manufacturing
336510
Railroad rolling stock manufacturing
3366 Ship and boat building
33661
Ship and boat building
336611
Ship building and repairing US
336612
Boat building US
3369 Other transportation equipment manufacturing
33699
Other transportation equipment manufacturing
336990
Other transportation equipment manufacturing CAN
337 Furniture and related product manufacturing
3371 Household and institutional furniture and kitchen cabinet manufacturing
33711
Wood kitchen cabinet and counter top manufacturing
337110
Wood kitchen cabinet and counter top manufacturing
33712
Household and institutional furniture manufacturing
337121
Upholstered household furniture manufacturing US
337123
Other wood household furniture manufacturing CAN
337126
Household furniture (except wood and upholstered) manufacturing CAN
337127
Institutional furniture manufacturing US
3372 Office furniture (including fixtures) manufacturing
33721
Office furniture (including fixtures) manufacturing
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
35
NAICS Canada 2012
337213
337214
337215
Wood office furniture, including custom architectural woodwork, manufacturing CAN
Office furniture (except wood) manufacturing US
Showcase, partition, shelving and locker manufacturing US
3379 Other furniture-related product manufacturing
33791
Mattress manufacturing
337910
Mattress manufacturing
33792
Blind and shade manufacturing
337920
Blind and shade manufacturing
339 Miscellaneous manufacturing
3391 Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing
33911
Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing
339110
Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing CAN
3399 Other miscellaneous manufacturing
33991
Jewellery and silverware manufacturing
339910
Jewellery and silverware manufacturing US
33992
Sporting and athletic goods manufacturing
339920
Sporting and athletic goods manufacturing
33993
Doll, toy and game manufacturing
339930
Doll, toy and game manufacturing
33994
Office supplies (except paper) manufacturing
339940
Office supplies (except paper) manufacturing
33995
Sign manufacturing
339950
Sign manufacturing
33999
All other miscellaneous manufacturing
339990
All other miscellaneous manufacturing CAN
41 Wholesale trade
411 Farm product merchant wholesalers
4111 Farm product merchant wholesalers
41111
Live animal merchant wholesalers CAN
411110
Live animal merchant wholesalers CAN
41112
Oilseed and grain merchant wholesalers CAN
411120
Oilseed and grain merchant wholesalers CAN
41113
Nursery stock and plant merchant wholesalers CAN
411130
Nursery stock and plant merchant wholesalers CAN
41119
Other farm product merchant wholesalers CAN
411190
Other farm product merchant wholesalers CAN
412 Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers
4121 Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers
41211
Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers CAN
412110
Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers CAN
413 Food, beverage and tobacco merchant wholesalers
4131 Food merchant wholesalers
41311
General-line food merchant wholesalers CAN
36
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
413110
41312
413120
41313
413130
41314
413140
41315
413150
41316
413160
41319
413190
General-line food merchant wholesalers CAN
Dairy and milk products merchant wholesalers CAN
Dairy and milk products merchant wholesalers CAN
Poultry and egg merchant wholesalers CAN
Poultry and egg merchant wholesalers CAN
Fish and seafood product merchant wholesalers CAN
Fish and seafood product merchant wholesalers CAN
Fresh fruit and vegetable merchant wholesalers CAN
Fresh fruit and vegetable merchant wholesalers CAN
Red meat and meat product merchant wholesalers CAN
Red meat and meat product merchant wholesalers CAN
Other specialty-line food merchant wholesalers CAN
Other specialty-line food merchant wholesalers CAN
4132 Beverage merchant wholesalers
41321
Non-alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers CAN
413210
Non-alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers CAN
41322
Alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers CAN
413220
Alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers CAN
4133 Cigarette and tobacco product merchant wholesalers
41331
Cigarette and tobacco product merchant wholesalers CAN
413310
Cigarette and tobacco product merchant wholesalers CAN
414 Personal and household goods merchant wholesalers
4141 Textile, clothing and footwear merchant wholesalers
41411
Clothing and clothing accessories merchant wholesalers CAN
414110
Clothing and clothing accessories merchant wholesalers CAN
41412
Footwear merchant wholesalers CAN
414120
Footwear merchant wholesalers CAN
41413
Piece goods, notions and other dry goods merchant wholesalers CAN
414130
Piece goods, notions and other dry goods merchant wholesalers CAN
4142 Home entertainment equipment and household appliance merchant wholesalers
41421
Home entertainment equipment merchant wholesalers CAN
414210
Home entertainment equipment merchant wholesalers CAN
41422
Household appliance merchant wholesalers CAN
414220
Household appliance merchant wholesalers CAN
4143 Home furnishings merchant wholesalers
41431
China, glassware, crockery and pottery merchant wholesalers CAN
414310
China, glassware, crockery and pottery merchant wholesalers CAN
41432
Floor covering merchant wholesalers CAN
414320
Floor covering merchant wholesalers CAN
41433
Linen, drapery and other textile furnishings merchant wholesalers CAN
414330
Linen, drapery and other textile furnishings merchant wholesalers CAN
41439
Other home furnishings merchant wholesalers CAN
414390
Other home furnishings merchant wholesalers CAN
4144 Personal goods merchant wholesalers
41441
Jewellery and watch merchant wholesalers CAN
414410
Jewellery and watch merchant wholesalers CAN
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
37
NAICS Canada 2012
41442
414420
41443
414430
41444
414440
41445
414450
41446
414460
41447
414470
Book, periodical and newspaper merchant wholesalers CAN
Book, periodical and newspaper merchant wholesalers CAN
Photographic equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
Photographic equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
Sound recording merchant wholesalers CAN
Sound recording merchant wholesalers CAN
Video recording merchant wholesalers CAN
Video recording merchant wholesalers CAN
Toy and hobby goods merchant wholesalers CAN
Toy and hobby goods merchant wholesalers CAN
Amusement and sporting goods merchant wholesalers CAN
Amusement and sporting goods merchant wholesalers CAN
4145 Pharmaceuticals, toiletries, cosmetics and sundries merchant wholesalers
41451
Pharmaceuticals and pharmacy supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
414510
Pharmaceuticals and pharmacy supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
41452
Toiletries, cosmetics and sundries merchant wholesalers CAN
414520
Toiletries, cosmetics and sundries merchant wholesalers CAN
415 Motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers
4151 Motor vehicle merchant wholesalers
41511
New and used automobile and light-duty truck merchant wholesalers CAN
415110
New and used automobile and light-duty truck merchant wholesalers CAN
41512
Truck, truck tractor and bus merchant wholesalers CAN
415120
Truck, truck tractor and bus merchant wholesalers CAN
41519
Recreational and other motor vehicles merchant wholesalers CAN
415190
Recreational and other motor vehicles merchant wholesalers CAN
4152 New motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers
41521
Tire merchant wholesalers CAN
415210
Tire merchant wholesalers CAN
41529
Other new motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers CAN
415290
Other new motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers CAN
4153 Used motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers
41531
Used motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers CAN
415310
Used motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers CAN
416 Building material and supplies merchant wholesalers
4161 Electrical, plumbing, heating and air-conditioning equipment and supplies merchant
wholesalers
41611
Electrical wiring and construction supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
416110
Electrical wiring and construction supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
41612
Plumbing, heating and air-conditioning equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
416120
Plumbing, heating and air-conditioning equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
4162 Metal service centres
41621
Metal service centres CAN
416210
Metal service centres CAN
38
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
4163 Lumber, millwork, hardware and other building supplies merchant wholesalers
41631
General-line building supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
416310
General-line building supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
41632
Lumber, plywood and millwork merchant wholesalers CAN
416320
Lumber, plywood and millwork merchant wholesalers CAN
41633
Hardware merchant wholesalers CAN
416330
Hardware merchant wholesalers CAN
41634
Paint, glass and wallpaper merchant wholesalers CAN
416340
Paint, glass and wallpaper merchant wholesalers CAN
41639
Other specialty-line building supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
416390
Other specialty-line building supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
417 Machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers
4171 Farm, lawn and garden machinery and equipment merchant wholesalers
41711
Farm, lawn and garden machinery and equipment merchant wholesalers CAN
417110
Farm, lawn and garden machinery and equipment merchant wholesalers CAN
4172 Construction, forestry, mining, and industrial machinery, equipment and supplies merchant
wholesalers
41721
Construction and forestry machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
417210
Construction and forestry machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
41722
Mining and oil and gas well machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
417220
Mining and oil and gas well machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers 41723
417230
Industrial machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
Industrial machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
CAN
4173 Computer and communications equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers
41731
Computer, computer peripheral and pre-packaged software merchant wholesalers CAN
417310
Computer, computer peripheral and pre-packaged software merchant wholesalers CAN
41732
Electronic components, navigational and communications equipment and supplies
merchant wholesalers CAN
417320
Electronic components, navigational and communications equipment and supplies
merchant wholesalers CAN
4179 Other machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers
41791
Office and store machinery and equipment merchant wholesalers CAN
417910
Office and store machinery and equipment merchant wholesalers CAN
41792
Service establishment machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
417920
Service establishment machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
41793
Professional machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
417930
Professional machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
41799
All other machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
417990
All other machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
418 Miscellaneous merchant wholesalers
4181 Recyclable material merchant wholesalers
41811
Recyclable metal merchant wholesalers CAN
418110
Recyclable metal merchant wholesalers CAN
41812
Recyclable paper and paperboard merchant wholesalers CAN
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
39
NAICS Canada 2012
418120
41819
418190
Recyclable paper and paperboard merchant wholesalers CAN
Other recyclable material merchant wholesalers CAN
Other recyclable material merchant wholesalers CAN
4182 Paper, paper product and disposable plastic product merchant wholesalers
41821
Stationery and office supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
418210
Stationery and office supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
41822
Other paper and disposable plastic product merchant wholesalers CAN
418220
Other paper and disposable plastic product merchant wholesalers CAN
4183 Agricultural supplies merchant wholesalers
41831
Agricultural feed merchant wholesalers CAN
418310
Agricultural feed merchant wholesalers CAN
41832
Seed merchant wholesalers CAN
418320
Seed merchant wholesalers CAN
41839
Agricultural chemical and other farm supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
418390
Agricultural chemical and other farm supplies merchant wholesalers CAN
4184 Chemical (except agricultural) and allied product merchant wholesalers
41841
Chemical (except agricultural) and allied product merchant wholesalers CAN
418410
Chemical (except agricultural) and allied product merchant wholesalers CAN
4189 Other miscellaneous merchant wholesalers
41891
Log and wood chip merchant wholesalers CAN
418910
Log and wood chip merchant wholesalers CAN
41892
Mineral, ore and precious metal merchant wholesalers CAN
418920
Mineral, ore and precious metal merchant wholesalers CAN
41893
Second-hand goods (except machinery and automotive) merchant wholesalers CAN
418930
Second-hand goods (except machinery and automotive) merchant wholesalers CAN
41899
All other merchant wholesalers CAN
418990
All other merchant wholesalers CAN
419 Business-to-business electronic markets, and agents and brokers
4191 Business-to-business electronic markets, and agents and brokers
41911
Business-to-business electronic markets US
419110
Business-to-business electronic markets US
41912
Wholesale trade agents and brokers US
419120
Wholesale trade agents and brokers US
44-45 Retail trade
441 Motor vehicle and parts dealers
4411 Automobile dealers
44111
New car dealers US
441110
New car dealers US
44112
Used car dealers US
441120
Used car dealers US
4412 Other motor vehicle dealers
44121
Recreational vehicle dealers US
441210
Recreational vehicle dealers US
40
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
44122
441220
Motorcycle, boat and other motor vehicle dealers US
Motorcycle, boat and other motor vehicle dealers CAN
4413 Automotive parts, accessories and tire stores
44131
Automotive parts and accessories stores US
441310
Automotive parts and accessories stores US
44132
Tire dealers US
441320
Tire dealers US
442 Furniture and home furnishings stores
4421 Furniture stores
44211
Furniture stores US
442110
Furniture stores US
4422 Home furnishings stores
44221
Floor covering stores US
442210
Floor covering stores US
44229
Other home furnishings stores US
442291
Window treatment stores US
442292
Print and picture frame stores CAN
442298
All other home furnishings stores CAN
443 Electronics and appliance stores
4431 Electronics and appliance stores
44314
Electronics and appliance stores US
443143
Appliance, television and other electronics stores CAN
443144
Computer and software stores CAN
443145
Camera and photographic supplies stores CAN
443146
Audio and video recordings stores CAN
444 Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers
4441 Building material and supplies dealers
44411
Home centres US
444110
Home centres US
44412
Paint and wallpaper stores US
444120
Paint and wallpaper stores US
44413
Hardware stores US
444130
Hardware stores US
44419
Other building material dealers US
444190
Other building material dealers US
4442 Lawn and garden equipment and supplies stores
44421
Outdoor power equipment stores US
444210
Outdoor power equipment stores US
44422
Nursery stores and garden centres US
444220
Nursery stores and garden centres US
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
41
NAICS Canada 2012
445 Food and beverage stores
4451 Grocery stores
44511
Supermarkets and other grocery (except convenience) stores US
445110
Supermarkets and other grocery (except convenience) stores US
44512
Convenience stores US
445120
Convenience stores US
4452 Specialty food stores
44521
Meat markets US
445210
Meat markets US
44522
Fish and seafood markets US
445220
Fish and seafood markets US
44523
Fruit and vegetable markets US
445230
Fruit and vegetable markets US
44529
Other specialty food stores US
445291
Baked goods stores US
445292
Confectionery and nut stores US
445299
All other specialty food stores US
4453 Beer, wine and liquor stores
44531
Beer, wine and liquor stores US
445310
Beer, wine and liquor stores US
446 Health and personal care stores
4461 Health and personal care stores
44611
Pharmacies and drug stores US
446110
Pharmacies and drug stores US
44612
Cosmetics, beauty supplies and perfume stores US
446120
Cosmetics, beauty supplies and perfume stores US
44613
Optical goods stores US
446130
Optical goods stores US
44619
Other health and personal care stores US
446191
Food (health) supplement stores US
446199
All other health and personal care stores US
447 Gasoline stations
4471 Gasoline stations
44711
Gasoline stations with convenience stores US
447110
Gasoline stations with convenience stores US
44719
Other gasoline stations US
447190
Other gasoline stations US
448 Clothing and clothing accessories stores
4481 Clothing stores
44811
Men's clothing stores US
448110
Men's clothing stores US
44812
Women's clothing stores US
448120
Women's clothing stores US
42
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
44813
448130
44814
448140
44815
448150
44819
448191
448199
Children's and infants' clothing stores US
Children's and infants' clothing stores US
Family clothing stores US
Family clothing stores US
Clothing accessories stores US
Clothing accessories stores US
Other clothing stores US
Fur stores CAN
All other clothing stores CAN
4482 Shoe stores
44821
Shoe stores US
448210
Shoe stores US
4483 Jewellery, luggage and leather goods stores
44831
Jewellery stores US
448310
Jewellery stores US
44832
Luggage and leather goods stores US
448320
Luggage and leather goods stores US
451 Sporting goods, hobby, book and music stores
4511 Sporting goods, hobby and musical instrument stores
45111
Sporting goods stores US
451111
Golf equipment and supplies specialty stores CAN
451112
Ski equipment and supplies specialty stores CAN
451113
Cycling equipment and supplies specialty stores CAN
451119
All other sporting goods stores CAN
45112
Hobby, toy and game stores US
451120
Hobby, toy and game stores US
45113
Sewing, needlework and piece goods stores US
451130
Sewing, needlework and piece goods stores US
45114
Musical instrument and supplies stores US
451140
Musical instrument and supplies stores US
4513 Book stores and news dealers
45131
Book stores and news dealers US
451310
Book stores and news dealers US
452 General merchandise stores
4521 Department stores
45211
Department stores US
452110
Department stores CAN
4529 Other general merchandise stores
45291
Warehouse clubs US
452910
Warehouse clubs US
45299
All other general merchandise stores US
452991
Home and auto supplies stores CAN
452999
All other miscellaneous general merchandise stores CAN
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NAICS Canada 2012
453 Miscellaneous store retailers
4531 Florists
45311
453110
Florists US
Florists US
4532 Office supplies, stationery and gift stores
45321
Office supplies and stationery stores US
453210
Office supplies and stationery stores US
45322
Gift, novelty and souvenir stores US
453220
Gift, novelty and souvenir stores US
4533 Used merchandise stores
45331
Used merchandise stores US
453310
Used merchandise stores US
4539 Other miscellaneous store retailers
45391
Pet and pet supplies stores US
453910
Pet and pet supplies stores US
45392
Art dealers US
453920
Art dealers US
45393
Mobile home dealers US
453930
Mobile home dealers US
45399
All other miscellaneous store retailers US
453992
Beer and wine-making supplies stores CAN
453999
All other miscellaneous store retailers (except beer and wine-making supplies stores) CAN
454 Non-store retailers
4541 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses
45411
Electronic shopping and mail-order houses US
454110
Electronic shopping and mail-order houses CAN
4542 Vending machine operators
45421
Vending machine operators US
454210
Vending machine operators US
4543 Direct selling establishments
45431
Fuel dealers US
454311
Heating oil dealers US
454312
Liquefied petroleum gas (bottled gas) dealers US
454319
Other fuel dealers US
45439
Other direct selling establishments US
454390
Other direct selling establishments US
48-49 Transportation and warehousing
481 Air transportation
4811 Scheduled air transportation
48111
Scheduled air transportation
481110
Scheduled air transportation CAN
44
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4812 Non-scheduled air transportation
48121
Non-scheduled air transportation
481214
Non-scheduled chartered air transportation CAN
481215
Non-scheduled specialty flying services CAN
482 Rail transportation
4821 Rail transportation
48211
Rail transportation
482112
Short-haul freight rail transportation US
482113
Mainline freight rail transportation CAN
482114
Passenger rail transportation CAN
483 Water transportation
4831 Deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water transportation
48311
Deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water transportation
483115
Deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water transportation (except by ferries) CAN
483116
Deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water transportation by ferries CAN
4832 Inland water transportation
48321
Inland water transportation
483213
Inland water transportation (except by ferries) CAN
483214
Inland water transportation by ferries CAN
484 Truck transportation
4841 General freight trucking
48411
General freight trucking, local
484110
General freight trucking, local US
48412
General freight trucking, long distance
484121
General freight trucking, long distance, truck-load US
484122
General freight trucking, long distance, less than truck-load US
4842 Specialized freight trucking
48421
Used household and office goods moving
484210
Used household and office goods moving
48422
Specialized freight (except used goods) trucking, local
484221
Bulk liquids trucking, local CAN
484222
Dry bulk materials trucking, local CAN
484223
Forest products trucking, local CAN
484229
Other specialized freight (except used goods) trucking, local CAN
48423
Specialized freight (except used goods) trucking, long distance
484231
Bulk liquids trucking, long distance CAN
484232
Dry bulk materials trucking, long distance CAN
484233
Forest products trucking, long distance CAN
484239
Other specialized freight (except used goods) trucking, long distance CAN
485 Transit and ground passenger transportation
4851 Urban transit systems
48511
Urban transit systems
485110
Urban transit systems CAN
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NAICS Canada 2012
4852 Interurban and rural bus transportation
48521
Interurban and rural bus transportation
485210
Interurban and rural bus transportation
4853 Taxi and limousine service
48531
Taxi service
485310
Taxi service US
48532
Limousine service
485320
Limousine service
4854 School and employee bus transportation
48541
School and employee bus transportation
485410
School and employee bus transportation
4855 Charter bus industry
48551
Charter bus industry
485510
Charter bus industry
4859 Other transit and ground passenger transportation
48599
Other transit and ground passenger transportation
485990
Other transit and ground passenger transportation CAN
486 Pipeline transportation
4861 Pipeline transportation of crude oil
48611
Pipeline transportation of crude oil
486110
Pipeline transportation of crude oil
4862 Pipeline transportation of natural gas
48621
Pipeline transportation of natural gas
486210
Pipeline transportation of natural gas
4869 Other pipeline transportation
48691
Pipeline transportation of refined petroleum products
486910
Pipeline transportation of refined petroleum products
48699
All other pipeline transportation
486990
All other pipeline transportation
487 Scenic and sightseeing transportation
4871 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, land
48711
Scenic and sightseeing transportation, land
487110
Scenic and sightseeing transportation, land
4872 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, water
48721
Scenic and sightseeing transportation, water
487210
Scenic and sightseeing transportation, water
4879 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, other
48799
Scenic and sightseeing transportation, other
487990
Scenic and sightseeing transportation, other
46
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
488 Support activities for transportation
4881 Support activities for air transportation
48811
Airport operations
488111
Air traffic control
488119
Other airport operations US
48819
Other support activities for air transportation
488190
Other support activities for air transportation
4882 Support activities for rail transportation
48821
Support activities for rail transportation
488210
Support activities for rail transportation
4883 Support activities for water transportation
48831
Port and harbour operations
488310
Port and harbour operations
48832
Marine cargo handling
488320
Marine cargo handling
48833
Navigational services to shipping
488331
Marine salvage services CAN
488332
Ship piloting services CAN
488339
Other navigational services to shipping CAN
48839
Other support activities for water transportation
488390
Other support activities for water transportation
4884 Support activities for road transportation
48841
Motor vehicle towing
488410
Motor vehicle towing
48849
Other support activities for road transportation
488490
Other support activities for road transportation US
4885 Freight transportation arrangement
48851
Freight transportation arrangement
488511
Marine shipping agencies CAN
488519
Other freight transportation arrangement CAN
4889 Other support activities for transportation
48899
Other support activities for transportation
488990
Other support activities for transportation MEX
491 Postal service
4911 Postal service
49111
Postal service
491110
Postal service
492 Couriers and messengers
4921 Couriers
49211
Couriers
492110
Couriers
4922 Local messengers and local delivery
49221
Local messengers and local delivery
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
47
NAICS Canada 2012
492210
Local messengers and local delivery
493 Warehousing and storage
4931 Warehousing and storage
49311
General warehousing and storage
493110
General warehousing and storage US
49312
Refrigerated warehousing and storage
493120
Refrigerated warehousing and storage
49313
Farm product warehousing and storage
493130
Farm product warehousing and storage
49319
Other warehousing and storage
493190
Other warehousing and storage
51 Information and cultural industries
511 Publishing industries (except internet)
5111 Newspaper, periodical, book and directory publishers
51111
Newspaper publishers
511110
Newspaper publishers US
51112
Periodical publishers
511120
Periodical publishers US
51113
Book publishers
511130
Book publishers US
51114
Directory and mailing list publishers
511140
Directory and mailing list publishers US
51119
Other publishers
511190
Other publishers CAN
5112 Software publishers
51121
Software publishers
511211
Software publishers (except video game publishers) CAN
511212
Video game publishers CAN
512 Motion picture and sound recording industries
5121 Motion picture and video industries
51211
Motion picture and video production
512110
Motion picture and video production US
51212
Motion picture and video distribution
512120
Motion picture and video distribution
51213
Motion picture and video exhibition
512130
Motion picture and video exhibition MEX
51219
Post-production and other motion picture and video industries
512190
Post-production and other motion picture and video industries MEX
5122 Sound recording industries
51221
Record production
512210
Record production
51222
Integrated record production/distribution
512220
Integrated record production/distribution
51223
Music publishers
512230
Music publishers
51224
Sound recording studios
48
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
512240
51229
512290
Sound recording studios
Other sound recording industries
Other sound recording industries
515 Broadcasting (except internet)
5151 Radio and television broadcasting
51511
Radio broadcasting
515110
Radio broadcasting MEX
51512
Television broadcasting
515120
Television broadcasting
5152 Pay and specialty television
51521
Pay and specialty television
515210
Pay and specialty television
517 Telecommunications
5171 Wired telecommunications carriers
51711
Wired telecommunications carriers
517111
Wired telecommunications carriers (except cable) CAN
517112
Cable and other program distribution CAN
5172 Wireless telecommunications carriers (except satellite)
51721
Wireless telecommunications carriers (except satellite)
517210
Wireless telecommunications carriers (except satellite) MEX
5174 Satellite telecommunications
51741
Satellite telecommunications
517410
Satellite telecommunications
5179 Other telecommunications
51791
Other telecommunications
517910
Other telecommunications
518 Data processing, hosting, and related services
5182 Data processing, hosting, and related services
51821
Data processing, hosting, and related services
518210
Data processing, hosting, and related services
519 Other information services
5191 Other information services
51911
News syndicates
519110
News syndicates
51912
Libraries and archives
519121
Libraries CAN
519122
Archives CAN
51913
Internet publishing and broadcasting, and web search portals
519130
Internet publishing and broadcasting and web search portals
51919
All other information services
519190
All other information services
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NAICS Canada 2012
52 Finance and insurance
521 Monetary authorities - central bank
5211 Monetary authorities - central bank
52111
Monetary authorities - central bank
521110
Monetary authorities - central bank
522 Credit intermediation and related activities
5221 Depository credit intermediation
52211
Banking CAN
522111
Personal and commercial banking industry CAN
522112
Corporate and institutional banking industry CAN
52213
Local credit unions US
522130
Local credit unions US
52219
Other depository credit intermediation US
522190
Other depository credit intermediation US
5222 Non-depository credit intermediation
52221
Credit card issuing US
522210
Credit card issuing US
52222
Sales financing US
522220
Sales financing US
52229
Other non-depository credit intermediation US
522291
Consumer lending US
522299
All other non-depository credit intermediation CAN
5223 Activities related to credit intermediation
52231
Mortgage and non-mortgage loan brokers US
522310
Mortgage and non-mortgage loan brokers US
52232
Financial transactions processing, reserve and clearing house activities US
522321
Central credit unions CAN
522329
Other financial transactions processing and clearing house activities CAN
52239
Other activities related to credit intermediation US
522390
Other activities related to credit intermediation US
523 Securities, commodity contracts, and other financial investment and related activities
5231 Securities and commodity contracts intermediation and brokerage
52311
Investment banking and securities dealing US
523110
Investment banking and securities dealing US
52312
Securities brokerage US
523120
Securities brokerage US
52313
Commodity contracts dealing US
523130
Commodity contracts dealing US
52314
Commodity contracts brokerage US
523140
Commodity contracts brokerage US
5232 Securities and commodity exchanges
52321
Securities and commodity exchanges
523210
Securities and commodity exchanges
50
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
5239 Other financial investment activities
52391
Miscellaneous intermediation US
523910
Miscellaneous intermediation US
52392
Portfolio management US
523920
Portfolio management US
52393
Investment advice US
523930
Investment advice US
52399
All other financial investment activities US
523990
All other financial investment activities CAN
524 Insurance carriers and related activities
5241 Insurance carriers
52411
Direct life, health and medical insurance carriers US
524111
Direct individual life, health and medical insurance carriers CAN
524112
Direct group life, health and medical insurance carriers CAN
52412
Direct insurance (except life, health and medical) carriers US
524121
Direct general property and casualty insurance carriers CAN
524122
Direct, private, automobile insurance carriers CAN
524123
Direct, public, automobile insurance carriers CAN
524124
Direct property insurance carriers CAN
524125
Direct liability insurance carriers CAN
524129
Other direct insurance (except life, health and medical) carriers CAN
52413
Reinsurance carriers US
524131
Life reinsurance carriers CAN
524132
Accident and sickness reinsurance carriers CAN
524133
Automobile reinsurance carriers CAN
524134
Property reinsurance carriers CAN
524135
Liability reinsurance carriers CAN
524139
General and other reinsurance carriers CAN
5242 Agencies, brokerages and other insurance related activities
52421
Insurance agencies and brokerages US
524210
Insurance agencies and brokerages US
52429
Other insurance related activities US
524291
Claims adjusters US
524299
All other insurance related activities CAN
526 Funds and other financial vehicles
5261 Pension funds
52611
Pension funds CAN
526111
Trusteed pension funds CAN
526112
Non-trusteed pension funds CAN
5269 Other funds and financial vehicles
52691
Open-end investment funds CAN
526911
Equity funds - Canadian CAN
526912
Equity funds - foreign CAN
526913
Mortgage funds CAN
526914
Money market funds CAN
526915
Bond and income / dividend funds - Canadian CAN
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51
NAICS Canada 2012
526916
526917
526919
52693
526930
52698
526981
526989
Bond and income / dividend funds - foreign CAN
Balanced funds / asset allocation funds CAN
Other open-ended funds CAN
Segregated (except pension) funds CAN
Segregated (except pension) funds CAN
All other funds and financial vehicles CAN
Securitization vehicles CAN
All other miscellaneous funds and financial vehicles CAN
53 Real estate and rental and leasing
531 Real estate
5311 Lessors of real estate
53111
Lessors of residential buildings and dwellings US
531111
Lessors of residential buildings and dwellings (except social housing projects) CAN
531112
Lessors of social housing projects CAN
53112
Lessors of non-residential buildings (except mini-warehouses) US
531120
Lessors of non-residential buildings (except mini-warehouses) US
53113
Self-storage mini-warehouses US
531130
Self-storage mini-warehouses US
53119
Lessors of other real estate property US
531190
Lessors of other real estate property US
5312 Offices of real estate agents and brokers
53121
Offices of real estate agents and brokers
531211
Real estate agents CAN
531212
Offices of real estate brokers CAN
5313 Activities related to real estate
53131
Real estate property managers US
531310
Real estate property managers CAN
53132
Offices of real estate appraisers US
531320
Offices of real estate appraisers US
53139
Other activities related to real estate US
531390
Other activities related to real estate US
532 Rental and leasing services
5321 Automotive equipment rental and leasing
53211
Passenger car rental and leasing
532111
Passenger car rental US
532112
Passenger car leasing US
53212
Truck, utility trailer and RV (recreational vehicle) rental and leasing
532120
Truck, utility trailer and RV (recreational vehicle) rental and leasing US
5322 Consumer goods rental
53221
Consumer electronics and appliance rental
532210
Consumer electronics and appliance rental
53222
Formal wear and costume rental
532220
Formal wear and costume rental
53223
Video tape and disc rental
532230
Video tape and disc rental
53229
Other consumer goods rental
52
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
532290
Other consumer goods rental CAN
5323 General rental centres
53231
General rental centres
532310
General rental centres
5324 Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment rental and leasing
53241
Construction, transportation, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and
leasing
532410
Construction, transportation, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and
leasing CAN
53242
Office machinery and equipment rental and leasing
532420
Office machinery and equipment rental and leasing
53249
Other commercial and industrial machinery and equipment rental and leasing
532490
Other commercial and industrial machinery and equipment rental and leasing US
533 Lessors of non-financial intangible assets (except copyrighted works)
5331 Lessors of non-financial intangible assets (except copyrighted works)
53311
Lessors of non-financial intangible assets (except copyrighted works)
533110
Lessors of non-financial intangible assets (except copyrighted works)
54 Professional, scientific and technical services
541 Professional, scientific and technical services
5411 Legal services
54111
Offices of lawyers
541110
Offices of lawyers
54112
Offices of notaries
541120
Offices of notaries
54119
Other legal services
541190
Other legal services MEX
5412 Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and payroll services
54121
Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and payroll services
541212
Offices of accountants CAN
541213
Tax preparation services US
541215
Bookkeeping, payroll and related services CAN
5413 Architectural, engineering and related services
54131
Architectural services
541310
Architectural services
54132
Landscape architectural services
541320
Landscape architectural services
54133
Engineering services
541330
Engineering services
54134
Drafting services
541340
Drafting services
54135
Building inspection services
541350
Building inspection services
54136
Geophysical surveying and mapping services
541360
Geophysical surveying and mapping services
54137
Surveying and mapping (except geophysical) services
541370
Surveying and mapping (except geophysical) services
54138
Testing laboratories
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
53
NAICS Canada 2012
541380
Testing laboratories
5414 Specialized design services
54141
Interior design services
541410
Interior design services
54142
Industrial design services
541420
Industrial design services
54143
Graphic design services
541430
Graphic design services
54149
Other specialized design services
541490
Other specialized design services
5415 Computer systems design and related services
54151
Computer systems design and related services
541514
Computer systems design and related services (except video game design and
development) CAN
541515
Video game design and development services CAN
5416 Management, scientific and technical consulting services
54161
Management consulting services
541611
Administrative management and general management consulting services US
541612
Human resources consulting services US
541619
Other management consulting services CAN
54162
Environmental consulting services
541620
Environmental consulting services
54169
Other scientific and technical consulting services
541690
Other scientific and technical consulting services
5417 Scientific research and development services
54171
Research and development in the physical, engineering and life sciences
541710
Research and development in the physical, engineering and life sciences CAN
54172
Research and development in the social sciences and humanities
541720
Research and development in the social sciences and humanities US
5418 Advertising, public relations, and related services
54181
Advertising agencies
541810
Advertising agencies
54182
Public relations services
541820
Public relations services
54183
Media buying agencies
541830
Media buying agencies
54184
Media representatives
541840
Media representatives
54185
Display advertising
541850
Display advertising
54186
Direct mail advertising
541860
Direct mail advertising
54187
Advertising material distribution services
541870
Advertising material distribution services
54189
Other services related to advertising
541891
Specialty advertising distributors CAN
541899
All other services related to advertising CAN
5419 Other professional, scientific and technical services
54191
Marketing research and public opinion polling
541910
Marketing research and public opinion polling
54
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
54192
541920
54193
541930
54194
541940
54199
541990
Photographic services
Photographic services MEX
Translation and interpretation services
Translation and interpretation services
Veterinary services
Veterinary services US
All other professional, scientific and technical services
All other professional, scientific and technical services
55 Management of companies and enterprises
551 Management of companies and enterprises
5511 Management of companies and enterprises
55111
Management of companies and enterprises
551113
Holding companies CAN
551114
Head offices US
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services
561 Administrative and support services
5611 Office administrative services
56111
Office administrative services
561110
Office administrative services
5612 Facilities support services
56121
Facilities support services
561210
Facilities support services
5613 Employment services
56131
Employment placement agencies and executive search services
561310
Employment placement agencies and executive search services
56132
Temporary help services
561320
Temporary help services
56133
Professional employer organizations
561330
Professional employer organizations
5614 Business support services
56141
Document preparation services
561410
Document preparation services
56142
Telephone call centres
561420
Telephone call centres CAN
56143
Business service centres
561430
Business service centres CAN
56144
Collection agencies
561440
Collection agencies
56145
Credit bureaus
561450
Credit bureaus
56149
Other business support services
561490
Other business support services MEX
5615 Travel arrangement and reservation services
56151
Travel agencies
561510
Travel agencies
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
55
NAICS Canada 2012
56152
561520
56159
561590
Tour operators
Tour operators
Other travel arrangement and reservation services
Other travel arrangement and reservation services MEX
5616 Investigation and security services
56161
Investigation, guard and armoured car services
561611
Investigation services US
561612
Security guard and patrol services US
561613
Armoured car services US
56162
Security systems services
561621
Security systems services (except locksmiths) US
561622
Locksmiths US
5617 Services to buildings and dwellings
56171
Exterminating and pest control services
561710
Exterminating and pest control services
56172
Janitorial services
561721
Window cleaning services CAN
561722
Janitorial services (except window cleaning) CAN
56173
Landscaping services
561730
Landscaping services
56174
Carpet and upholstery cleaning services
561740
Carpet and upholstery cleaning services
56179
Other services to buildings and dwellings
561791
Duct and chimney cleaning services CAN
561799
All other services to buildings and dwellings CAN
5619 Other support services
56191
Packaging and labelling services
561910
Packaging and labelling services
56192
Convention and trade show organizers
561920
Convention and trade show organizers
56199
All other support services
561990
All other support services
562 Waste management and remediation services
5621 Waste collection
56211
Waste collection US
562110
Waste collection CAN
5622 Waste treatment and disposal
56221
Waste treatment and disposal US
562210
Waste treatment and disposal CAN
5629 Remediation and other waste management services
56291
Remediation services US
562910
Remediation services US
56292
Material recovery facilities US
562920
Material recovery facilities US
56299
All other waste management services US
562990
All other waste management services CAN
56
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NAICS Canada 2012
61 Educational services
611 Educational services
6111 Elementary and secondary schools
61111
Elementary and secondary schools US
611110
Elementary and secondary schools US
6112 Community colleges and C.E.G.E.P.s
61121
Community colleges and C.E.G.E.P.s
611210
Community colleges and C.E.G.E.P.s US
6113 Universities
61131
Universities
611310
Universities US
6114 Business schools and computer and management training
61141
Business and secretarial schools
611410
Business and secretarial schools US
61142
Computer training
611420
Computer training US
61143
Professional and management development training
611430
Professional and management development training US
6115 Technical and trade schools
61151
Technical and trade schools
611510
Technical and trade schools CAN
6116 Other schools and instruction
61161
Fine arts schools
611610
Fine arts schools US
61162
Athletic instruction
611620
Athletic instruction US
61163
Language schools
611630
Language schools US
61169
All other schools and instruction
611690
All other schools and instruction CAN
6117 Educational support services
61171
Educational support services
611710
Educational support services
62 Health care and social assistance
621 Ambulatory health care services
6211 Offices of physicians
62111
Offices of physicians
621110
Offices of physicians CAN
6212 Offices of dentists
62121
Offices of dentists
621210
Offices of dentists US
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57
NAICS Canada 2012
6213 Offices of other health practitioners
62131
Offices of chiropractors
621310
Offices of chiropractors US
62132
Offices of optometrists
621320
Offices of optometrists
62133
Offices of mental health practitioners (except physicians)
621330
Offices of mental health practitioners (except physicians) US
62134
Offices of physical, occupational, and speech therapists and audiologists
621340
Offices of physical, occupational, and speech therapists and audiologists US
62139
Offices of all other health practitioners
621390
Offices of all other health practitioners CAN
6214 Out-patient care centres
62141
Family planning centres
621410
Family planning centres US
62142
Out-patient mental health and substance abuse centres
621420
Out-patient mental health and substance abuse centres US
62149
Other out-patient care centres
621494
Community health centres CAN
621499
All other out-patient care centres CAN
6215 Medical and diagnostic laboratories
62151
Medical and diagnostic laboratories
621510
Medical and diagnostic laboratories CAN
6216 Home health care services
62161
Home health care services
621610
Home health care services
6219 Other ambulatory health care services
62191
Ambulance services
621911
Ambulance (except air ambulance) services CAN
621912
Air ambulance services CAN
62199
All other ambulatory health care services
621990
All other ambulatory health care services CAN
622 Hospitals
6221 General medical and surgical hospitals
62211
General medical and surgical hospitals
622111
General (except paediatric) hospitals CAN
622112
Paediatric hospitals CAN
6222 Psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals
62221
Psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals
622210
Psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals US
6223 Specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals
62231
Specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals
622310
Specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals US
58
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623 Nursing and residential care facilities
6231 Nursing care facilities
62311
Nursing care facilities
623110
Nursing care facilities US
6232 Residential developmental handicap, mental health and substance abuse facilities
62321
Residential developmental handicap facilities
623210
Residential developmental handicap facilities US
62322
Residential mental health and substance abuse facilities
623221
Residential substance abuse facilities CAN
623222
Homes for the psychiatrically disabled CAN
6233 Community care facilities for the elderly
62331
Community care facilities for the elderly
623310
Community care facilities for the elderly CAN
6239 Other residential care facilities
62399
Other residential care facilities
623991
Transition homes for women CAN
623992
Homes for emotionally disturbed children CAN
623993
Homes for the physically handicapped or disabled CAN
623999
All other residential care facilities CAN
624 Social assistance
6241 Individual and family services
62411
Child and youth services
624110
Child and youth services US
62412
Services for the elderly and persons with disabilities
624120
Services for the elderly and persons with disabilities US
62419
Other individual and family services
624190
Other individual and family services US
6242 Community food and housing, and emergency and other relief services
62421
Community food services
624210
Community food services US
62422
Community housing services
624220
Community housing services CAN
62423
Emergency and other relief services
624230
Emergency and other relief services US
6243 Vocational rehabilitation services
62431
Vocational rehabilitation services
624310
Vocational rehabilitation services US
6244 Child day-care services
62441
Child day-care services
624410
Child day-care services US
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NAICS Canada 2012
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation
711 Performing arts, spectator sports and related industries
7111 Performing arts companies
71111
Theatre companies and dinner theatres
711111
Theatre (except musical) companies CAN
711112
Musical theatre and opera companies CAN
71112
Dance companies
711120
Dance companies US
71113
Musical groups and artists
711130
Musical groups and artists US
71119
Other performing arts companies
711190
Other performing arts companies US
7112 Spectator sports
71121
Spectator sports
711211
Sports teams and clubs US
711213
Horse race tracks CAN
711218
Other spectator sports CAN
7113 Promoters (presenters) of performing arts, sports and similar events
71131
Promoters (presenters) of performing arts, sports and similar events with facilities
711311
Live theatres and other performing arts presenters with facilities CAN
711319
Sports stadiums and other presenters with facilities CAN
71132
Promoters (presenters) of performing arts, sports and similar events without facilities
711321
Performing arts promoters (presenters) without facilities CAN
711322
Festivals without facilities CAN
711329
Sports presenters and other presenters without facilities CAN
7114 Agents and managers for artists, athletes, entertainers and other public figures
71141
Agents and managers for artists, athletes, entertainers and other public figures
711410
Agents and managers for artists, athletes, entertainers and other public figures
7115 Independent artists, writers and performers
71151
Independent artists, writers and performers
711511
Independent visual artists and artisans CAN
711512
Independent actors, comedians and performers CAN
711513
Independent writers and authors CAN
712 Heritage institutions
7121 Heritage institutions
71211
Museums
712111
Non-commercial art museums and galleries CAN
712115
History and science museums CAN
712119
Other museums CAN
71212
Historic and heritage sites
712120
Historic and heritage sites
71213
Zoos and botanical gardens
712130
Zoos and botanical gardens US
71219
Nature parks and other similar institutions
712190
Nature parks and other similar institutions
60
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NAICS Canada 2012
713 Amusement, gambling and recreation industries
7131 Amusement parks and arcades
71311
Amusement and theme parks
713110
Amusement and theme parks US
71312
Amusement arcades
713120
Amusement arcades
7132 Gambling industries
71321
Casinos (except casino hotels)
713210
Casinos (except casino hotels)
71329
Other gambling industries
713291
Lotteries MEX
713299
All other gambling industries MEX
7139 Other amusement and recreation industries
71391
Golf courses and country clubs
713910
Golf courses and country clubs
71392
Skiing facilities
713920
Skiing facilities
71393
Marinas
713930
Marinas
71394
Fitness and recreational sports centres
713940
Fitness and recreational sports centres US
71395
Bowling centres
713950
Bowling centres
71399
All other amusement and recreation industries
713990
All other amusement and recreation industries US
72 Accommodation and food services
721 Accommodation services
7211 Traveller accommodation
72111
Hotels (except casino hotels) and motels
721111
Hotels CAN
721112
Motor hotels CAN
721113
Resorts CAN
721114
Motels CAN
72112
Casino hotels
721120
Casino hotels
72119
Other traveller accommodation
721191
Bed and breakfast US
721192
Housekeeping cottages and cabins CAN
721198
All other traveller accommodation CAN
7212 Recreational vehicle (RV) parks and recreational camps
72121
Recreational vehicle (RV) parks and recreational camps
721211
Recreational vehicle (RV) parks and campgrounds US
721212
Hunting and fishing camps CAN
721213
Recreational (except hunting and fishing) and vacation camps CAN
7213 Rooming and boarding houses
72131
Rooming and boarding houses
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61
NAICS Canada 2012
721310
Rooming and boarding houses US
722 Food services and drinking places
7223 Special food services
72231
Food service contractors
722310
Food service contractors
72232
Caterers
722320
Caterers
72233
Mobile food services
722330
Mobile food services
7224 Drinking places (alcoholic beverages)
72241
Drinking places (alcoholic beverages)
722410
Drinking places (alcoholic beverages) US
7225 Full-service restaurants and limited-service eating places
72251
Full-service restaurants and limited-service eating places
722511
Full-service restaurants US
722512
Limited-service eating places CAN
81 Other services (except public administration)
811 Repair and maintenance
8111 Automotive repair and maintenance
81111
Automotive mechanical and electrical repair and maintenance
811111
General automotive repair US
811112
Automotive exhaust system repair US
811119
Other automotive mechanical and electrical repair and maintenance CAN
81112
Automotive body, paint, interior and glass repair
811121
Automotive body, paint and interior repair and maintenance US
811122
Automotive glass replacement shops US
81119
Other automotive repair and maintenance
811192
Car washes US
811199
All other automotive repair and maintenance CAN
8112 Electronic and precision equipment repair and maintenance
81121
Electronic and precision equipment repair and maintenance
811210
Electronic and precision equipment repair and maintenance CAN
8113 Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment (except automotive and electronic) repair
and maintenance
81131
Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment (except automotive and electronic)
repair and maintenance
811310
Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment (except automotive and electronic)
repair and maintenance US
8114 Personal and household goods repair and maintenance
81141
Home and garden equipment and appliance repair and maintenance
811411
Home and garden equipment repair and maintenance US
811412
Appliance repair and maintenance US
81142
Reupholstery and furniture repair
811420
Reupholstery and furniture repair
81143
Footwear and leather goods repair
62
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
NAICS Canada 2012
811430
81149
811490
Footwear and leather goods repair
Other personal and household goods repair and maintenance
Other personal and household goods repair and maintenance US
812 Personal and laundry services
8121 Personal care services
81211
Hair care and esthetic services US
812114
Barber shops CAN
812115
Beauty salons CAN
812116
Unisex hair salons CAN
81219
Other personal care services US
812190
Other personal care services CAN
8122 Funeral services
81221
Funeral homes US
812210
Funeral homes US
81222
Cemeteries and crematoria US
812220
Cemeteries and crematoria US
8123 Dry cleaning and laundry services
81231
Coin-operated laundries and dry cleaners US
812310
Coin-operated laundries and dry cleaners US
81232
Dry cleaning and laundry services (except coin-operated) US
812320
Dry cleaning and laundry services (except coin-operated) US
81233
Linen and uniform supply US
812330
Linen and uniform supply CAN
8129 Other personal services
81291
Pet care (except veterinary) services US
812910
Pet care (except veterinary) services US
81292
Photo finishing services US
812921
Photo finishing laboratories (except one-hour) US
812922
One-hour photo finishing US
81293
Parking lots and garages US
812930
Parking lots and garages US
81299
All other personal services US
812990
All other personal services US
813 Religious, grant-making, civic, and professional and similar organizations
8131 Religious organizations
81311
Religious organizations US
813110
Religious organizations US
8132 Grant-making and giving services
81321
Grant-making and giving services US
813210
Grant-making and giving services CAN
8133 Social advocacy organizations
81331
Social advocacy organizations US
813310
Social advocacy organizations CAN
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NAICS Canada 2012
8134 Civic and social organizations
81341
Civic and social organizations US
813410
Civic and social organizations US
8139 Business, professional, labour and other membership organizations
81391
Business associations US
813910
Business associations US
81392
Professional organizations US
813920
Professional organizations US
81393
Labour organizations US
813930
Labour organizations US
81394
Political organizations US
813940
Political organizations US
81399
Other membership organizations US
813990
Other membership organizations US
814 Private households
8141 Private households
81411
Private households
814110
Private households
91 Public administration
911 Federal government public administration
9111 Defence services
91111
Defence services CAN
911110
Defence services CAN
9112 Federal protective services
91121
Federal courts of law CAN
911210
Federal courts of law CAN
91122
Federal correctional services CAN
911220
Federal correctional services CAN
91123
Federal police services CAN
911230
Federal police services CAN
91124
Federal regulatory services CAN
911240
Federal regulatory services CAN
91129
Other federal protective services CAN
911290
Other federal protective services CAN
9113 Federal labour, employment and immigration services
91131
Federal labour and employment services CAN
911310
Federal labour and employment services CAN
91132
Immigration services CAN
911320
Immigration services CAN
91139
Other federal labour, employment and immigration services CAN
911390
Other federal labour, employment and immigration services CAN
9114 Foreign affairs and international assistance
91141
Foreign affairs CAN
64
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NAICS Canada 2012
911410
91142
911420
Foreign affairs CAN
International assistance CAN
International assistance CAN
9119 Other federal government public administration
91191
Other federal government public administration CAN
911910
Other federal government public administration CAN
912 Provincial and territorial public administration
9121 Provincial protective services
91211
Provincial courts of law CAN
912110
Provincial courts of law CAN
91212
Provincial correctional services CAN
912120
Provincial correctional services CAN
91213
Provincial police services CAN
912130
Provincial police services CAN
91214
Provincial fire-fighting services CAN
912140
Provincial fire-fighting services CAN
91215
Provincial regulatory services CAN
912150
Provincial regulatory services CAN
91219
Other provincial protective services CAN
912190
Other provincial protective services CAN
9122 Provincial labour and employment services
91221
Provincial labour and employment services CAN
912210
Provincial labour and employment services CAN
9129 Other provincial and territorial public administration
91291
Other provincial and territorial public administration CAN
912910
Other provincial and territorial public administration CAN
913 Local, municipal and regional public administration
9131 Municipal protective services
91311
Municipal courts of law CAN
913110
Municipal courts of law CAN
91312
Municipal correctional services CAN
913120
Municipal correctional services CAN
91313
Municipal police services CAN
913130
Municipal police services CAN
91314
Municipal fire-fighting services CAN
913140
Municipal fire-fighting services CAN
91315
Municipal regulatory services CAN
913150
Municipal regulatory services CAN
91319
Other municipal protective services CAN
913190
Other municipal protective services CAN
9139 Other local, municipal and regional public administration
91391
Other local, municipal and regional public administration CAN
913910
Other local, municipal and regional public administration CAN
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NAICS Canada 2012
914 Aboriginal public administration
9141 Aboriginal public administration
91411
Aboriginal public administration CAN
914110
Aboriginal public administration CAN
919 International and other extra-territorial public administration
9191 International and other extra-territorial public administration
91911
International and other extra-territorial public administration CAN
919110
International and other extra-territorial public administration CAN
66
Statistics Canada - catalogue no. 12-501-X
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Descriptions
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, harvesting timber,
harvesting fish and other animals from their natural habitats and providing related support activities.
Establishments primarily engaged in agricultural research or that supply veterinary services are not included in this
sector.
111 Crop production
This subsector comprises establishments, such as farms, orchards, groves, greenhouses and nurseries, primarily
engaged in growing crops, plants, vines, trees and their seeds (excluding those engaged in forestry operations).
Industries have been created taking into account input factors, such as suitable land, climatic conditions, type of
equipment, and the amount and type of labour required. The production process is typically completed when the
raw product or commodity grown reaches the farm gate for market, that is, at the point of first sale or price
determination. Establishments in these industries may use traditional crop production methods, employ modified or
improved crop inputs, or engage in organic crop production.
An establishment is classified within this subsector provided that fifty percent or more of the establishment's
agricultural production consists of crops. Establishments with fifty percent or more crop production and with no one
product or family of products accounting for fifty percent of the production are treated as combination crop farms
and classified to 11199 All other crop farming, except if fifty percent or more of the production is a combination of
oilseeds and grains, in which case they are classified to 11119 Other grain farming.
1111 Oilseed and grain farming
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing oilseeds and grains. Establishments
primarily engaged in producing seeds are classified in the appropriate crop industry.
11111 Soybean farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing soybeans.
111110 Soybean farming
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing soybeans.
11112 Oilseed (except soybean) farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing fibrous plants that produce oilseeds.
111120 Oilseed (except soybean) farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing fibrous plants that produce
oilseeds.
Illustrative example(s)
• canola (rapeseed) farming
• linseed (flaxseed) growing
• mixed oilseeds (except soybean) farming
• mustard seed farming
• safflower and sunflower farming
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NAICS Canada 2012
11113 Dry pea and bean farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing dry peas, beans and lentils.
111130 Dry pea and bean farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing dry peas, beans and lentils.
Exclusion(s)
• growing fresh green beans and peas (see 111219 Other vegetable (except potato) and melon farming)
11114 Wheat farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing wheat.
111140 Wheat farming
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing wheat.
11115 Corn farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing corn.
111150 Corn farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing corn.
Exclusion(s)
• growing sweet corn (see 111219 Other vegetable (except potato) and melon farming)
11116 Rice farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing rice, except wild rice.
111160 Rice farming
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing rice, except wild rice.
Exclusion(s)
• growing wild rice (see 111190 Other grain farming)
11119 Other grain farming
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in growing grains.
Farms primarily engaged in growing a combination of oilseeds and grains are also included.
111190 Other grain farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in growing grains. Farms primarily engaged in growing a combination of oilseeds and grains are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• buckwheat farming
• grain growing (except rice, wheat and corn)
• oil seed and grain farming, combination
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NAICS Canada 2012
• wild rice, farming
Exclusion(s)
• growing wheat (see 111140 Wheat farming)
• growing corn (see 111150 Corn farming)
• growing rice, except wild rice (see 111160 Rice farming)
• growing sweet corn (see 111219 Other vegetable (except potato) and melon farming)
1112 Vegetable and melon farming
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing vegetables and melons.
Establishments primarily engaged in producing vegetable and melon seeds and vegetable and melon bedding
plants are also included in this industry.
11121 Vegetable and melon farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing vegetables and melons. Establishments
primarily engaged in producing vegetable and melon seeds and vegetable and melon bedding plants are also
included in this industry.
111211 Potato farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing potatoes, yams and seed potatoes.
111219 Other vegetable (except potato) and melon farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in growing vegetables and melons. Establishments primarily engaged in producing vegetable and melon seeds,
except seed potatoes, and vegetable and melon bedding plants are also included in this industry.
Illustrative example(s)
• cantaloup, melon and watermelon farming
• market gardening
• mixed vegetables growing
• sweet corn growing
• vegetable bedding plants, growing of
• vegetable farming, other than potato (except field crops)
• vegetable seed growing
Exclusion(s)
• growing corn (see 111150 Corn farming)
• growing vegetables and melons under glass or protective cover (see 111419 Other food crops grown
under cover)
1113 Fruit and tree nut farming
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing fruit and nuts.
11131 Orange groves
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing oranges.
111310 Orange groves
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing oranges.
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NAICS Canada 2012
11132 Citrus (except orange) groves
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing citrus fruit, except oranges.
111320 Citrus (except orange) groves This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing citrus fruit, except oranges.
Illustrative example(s)
• grapefruit groves
• lemon groves
• lime groves
11133 Non-citrus fruit and tree nut farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing tree nuts and non-citrus fruit.
111330 Non-citrus fruit and tree nut farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing tree nuts and non-citrus fruit.
Illustrative example(s)
• apple orchards
• cranberries (partridge berries), growing or bogs
• non-citrus fruits (e.g., apricot, nectarine, peach), orchards and farms
• small berry fruit farming (e.g., blackberry, blueberry, currant, dewberry, loganberry, raspberry)
• strawberries, growing
• tree nut (e.g., almond, filbert, hazelnut, macadamia, pecan, pistachio, tung nut, walnut) groves and farms
• vineyards
Exclusion(s)
• harvesting berries and nuts from native and non-cultivated plants (see 113210 Forest nurseries and
gathering of forest products)
1114 Greenhouse, nursery and floriculture production
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops of any kind under cover, growing
nursery crops and growing flowers. Under cover includes in greenhouses, cold frames, cloth houses, and lath
houses. The crops grown are removed at various stages of maturity.
11141 Food crops grown under cover
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing food crops under glass or protective cover.
111411 Mushroom production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing mushrooms under cover.
111419 Other food crops grown under cover This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in growing food crops under glass or protective cover.
Illustrative example(s)
• herb and spice crops grown under cover
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NAICS Canada 2012
• hydroponic crops, grown under cover
• market gardening, greenhouse
• vegetable food crops grown in greenhouses
Exclusion(s)
• growing vegetable and melon bedding plants, in open fields (see 111219 Other vegetable (except potato)
and melon farming)
• raising both aquatic animals and plants in integrated growing operations, aquaponics (see 112510
Aquaculture)
11142 Nursery and floriculture production
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing, under cover or in open fields, nursery and
floriculture products, such as nursery stock, shrubbery, cut flowers, flower seeds, potted flowering and foliage
plants, flower bedding plants, ornamental plants, or some combination of these, and propagating materials, for
example, plugs, cuttings, and tissue cultures. The growing of short rotation woody crops, such as cut Christmas
trees and cottonwoods for pulpwood, that have a typical growth cycle of less than ten years or less, is also included
in this industry.
Exclusion(s)
• growing vegetable and melon bedding plants (see 111219 Other vegetable (except potato) and melon
farming)
• operating timber tracts that have a growth cycle of ten years or more (see 113110 Timber tract operations)
• growing seedling trees for reforestation (see 113210 Forest nurseries and gathering of forest products)
• retailing nursery, tree stock and floriculture products primarily purchased from others (see 444220 Nursery
stores and garden centres)
111421 Nursery and tree production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing, under cover or in open fields,
nursery products and trees, and short rotation woody crops, for pulp and tree stock, that have a typical growth cycle
of less than ten years.
Illustrative example(s)
• Christmas tree growing
• field nurseries (e.g., growing ornamental plants, shrubs and trees)
• nursery stock growing
• ornamental plants, shrubs and trees, nursery grown
• tree nursery
• turf (sod) farming
Exclusion(s)
• operation of timber tracts that have a growth cycle of ten years or more (see 113110 Timber tract
operations)
• retailing nursery, tree stock, and floriculture products primarily purchased from others (see 444220 Nursery
stores and garden centres)
111422 Floriculture production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing, under cover or in open fields,
floriculture products and propagating materials.
Illustrative example(s)
• flower nursery
• flower seed production
• flower, plant and bulb growing, greenhouse
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NAICS Canada 2012
Exclusion(s)
• retailing floriculture products primarily purchased from others (see 444220 Nursery stores and garden
centres)
1119 Other crop farming
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
growing crops, such as tobacco, peanuts, sugarbeets, cotton, sugar-cane, hay, agave, herbs and spices, mint,
hops, and hay and grass seeds. Combination crop farming and the gathering of maple sap are included in this
industry group.
11191 Tobacco farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing tobacco.
111910 Tobacco farming
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing tobacco.
11192 Cotton farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing cotton.
111920 Cotton farming
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing cotton.
11193 Sugar cane farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing sugar cane.
111930 Sugar cane farming
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing sugar cane.
11194 Hay farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing hay, grasses and mixed hay.
111940 Hay farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing hay, grasses and mixed hay.
Illustrative example(s)
• alfalfa, clover, hay or timothy farming
• forage crops (except corn for grain) farming
Exclusion(s)
• growing grain hay or forage/silage production (see 1111 Oilseed and grain farming)
• growing grass and hay seeds (see 111999 All other miscellaneous crop farming)
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11199 All other crop farming
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in growing crops,
such as peanuts, sugarbeets, agave, hay and grass seeds, herbs and spices, hops and algae, and gathering tea
and maple sap. Establishments primarily engaged in general crop farming or combination crop farming, such as
combination fruit and vegetable farming, are also included in this industry.
Exclusion(s)
• growing wheat, corn, rice, soybeans, and other grains and oilseeds (see 1111 Oilseed and grain farming)
• growing a combination of oilseeds and grains (see 111190 Other grain farming)
• growing vegetables and melons (see 11121 Vegetable and melon farming)
• growing tree nuts and fruit (see 1113 Fruit and tree nut farming)
• growing greenhouse, nursery and floriculture products (see 1114 Greenhouse, nursery and floriculture
production)
• growing tobacco (see 111910 Tobacco farming)
• growing cotton (see 111920 Cotton farming)
• growing sugar cane (see 111930 Sugar cane farming)
• growing hay (see 111940 Hay farming)
111993 Fruit and vegetable combination farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing a combination of fruit and
vegetables.
Exclusion(s)
• growing vegetables and melons (see 11121 Vegetable and melon farming)
111994 Maple syrup and products production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in gathering maple sap and producing maple
products. Establishments primarily engaged in producing maple products in plants are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• operation of maple sugar bush
• production of maple sugars and syrups in a separate central facility
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing artificially flavoured maple syrup products (see 311990 All other food manufacturing)
111999 All other miscellaneous crop farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in growing crops. Establishments primarily engaged in general crop farming or combination crop farming (except
combination fruit and vegetable farming), are also included in this Canadian industry.
Illustrative example(s)
• crop and animal (livestock) combination farming (primarily crop)
• field crop combination farm (except grain and oil seeds; or fruit and vegetable)
• herb farming (except greenhouse grown)
• hop, growing or farming
• peanut farming
• spice farming (except greenhouse grown)
Exclusion(s)
• growing wheat, corn, rice, soybeans, and other grains and oilseeds (see 1111 Oilseed and grain farming)
• growing a combination of oilseeds and grains (see 111190 Other grain farming)
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NAICS Canada 2012
• growing tree nuts and fruit (see 1113 Fruit and tree nut farming)
• growing greenhouse, nursery and floriculture products (see 1114 Greenhouse, nursery and floriculture
production)
• growing tobacco (see 111910 Tobacco farming)
• growing cotton (see 111920 Cotton farming)
• growing sugar cane (see 111930 Sugar cane farming)
• growing hay (see 111940 Hay farming)
• growing a combination of fruit and vegetable (see 111993 Fruit and vegetable combination farming)
112 Animal production and aquaculture
This subsector comprises establishments, such as ranches, farms and feedlots, primarily engaged in raising
animals, producing animal products and fattening animals. Industries have been created taking into account input
factors such as suitable grazing or pasture land, specialized buildings, type of equipment, and the amount and type
of labour required.
An establishment is classified within this subsector provided that fifty percent or more of the establishment's
agricultural production consists of animal production or aquaculture. Establishments with fifty percent or more
animal production or aquaculture and with no one product or family of products accounting for fifty percent of the
production are treated as combination animal farms and classified to 11299 All other animal production.
1121 Cattle ranching and farming
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising, milking and fattening cattle.
11211 Beef cattle ranching and farming, including feedlots
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising and fattening cattle. The raising of cattle for
dairy herd replacements is also included in this industry.
112110 Beef cattle ranching and farming, including feedlots This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising and fattening cattle. The raising of
cattle for dairy herd replacements is also included in this industry.
Illustrative example(s)
• beef farming
• dairy heifer replacement production
Exclusion(s)
• milking dairy cattle (see 112120 Dairy cattle and milk production)
11212 Dairy cattle and milk production
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in milking dairy cattle.
112120 Dairy cattle and milk production
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in milking dairy cattle.
Illustrative example(s)
• raising dairy cattle for both milking and meat production
• raw fluid milk or cream, production
Exclusion(s)
• raising dairy herd replacements (see 112110 Beef cattle ranching and farming, including feedlots)
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• raising, feeding or fattening cattle (see 112110 Beef cattle ranching and farming, including feedlots)
1122 Hog and pig farming
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising hogs and pigs.
11221 Hog and pig farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising hogs and pigs.
112210 Hog and pig farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising hogs and pigs.
Illustrative example(s)
• hog feedlot
• pig farming (i.e., swine, farrows, piglets, hogs, domestic boar, sows)
1123 Poultry and egg production
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in breeding, hatching and raising poultry for meat
or egg production.
11231 Chicken egg production
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising chickens for the production of eggs, including
hatching eggs.
112310 Chicken egg production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising chickens for the production of eggs,
including hatching eggs.
11232 Broiler and other meat-type chicken production
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising chickens for the production of meat.
112320 Broiler and other meat-type chicken production
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising chickens for the production of meat.
11233 Turkey production
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising turkeys.
112330 Turkey production
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising turkeys.
11234 Poultry hatcheries
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in hatching poultry of any kind.
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112340 Poultry hatcheries
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in hatching poultry of any kind.
Exclusion(s)
• raising aviary birds, such as parakeets, canaries and lovebirds (see 112999 All other miscellaneous animal
production)
11239 Other poultry production
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in raising poultry
such as ducks, geese, pheasant, quail, ostriches and emus. Establishments primarily engaged in raising a
combination of poultry for meat and egg production, with no one predominating, are also included in this industry.
Exclusion(s)
• raising chickens for egg production (see 112310 Chicken egg production)
• raising broilers and other meat-type chickens (see 112320 Broiler and other meat-type chicken production)
• raising turkeys (see 112330 Turkey production)
• hatching poultry of any kind (see 112340 Poultry hatcheries)
• raising aviary birds, such as parakeets, canaries and lovebirds (see 112999 All other miscellaneous animal
production)
112391 Combination poultry and egg production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising any combination of poultry for meat
and egg production, with no one predominating.
Exclusion(s)
• raising chickens for egg production (see 112310 Chicken egg production)
• raising broilers and other meat-type chickens (see 112320 Broiler and other meat-type chicken production)
• raising turkeys (see 112330 Turkey production)
• hatching poultry of any kind (see 112340 Poultry hatcheries)
• raising all other poultry (see 112399 All other poultry production)
• raising aviary birds, such as parakeets, canaries and lovebirds (see 112999 All other miscellaneous animal
production)
112399 All other poultry production This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in raising poultry such as ducks, geese, pheasant, quail, ostriches and emus.
Illustrative example(s)
• ostrich or emu farming
• pheasant, geese, goose, duck, quail or guinea fowl farming
Exclusion(s)
• raising chickens for egg production (see 112310 Chicken egg production)
• raising broilers and other meat-type chickens (see 112320 Broiler and other meat-type chicken production)
• raising turkeys (see 112330 Turkey production)
• hatching poultry of any kind (see 112340 Poultry hatcheries)
• combination poultry and egg production (see 112391 Combination poultry and egg production)
• raising aviary birds, such as parakeets, canaries and lovebirds (see 112999 All other miscellaneous animal
production)
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1124 Sheep and goat farming
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising sheep and goats, and feeding or
fattening lambs.
11241 Sheep farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising sheep and lambs, and feeding or fattening
lambs.
112410 Sheep farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising sheep and lambs, and feeding or
fattening lambs.
Illustrative example(s)
• feedlots, lamb
• lamb or sheep farming
• wool production, farming
11242 Goat farming
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising goats.
112420 Goat farming
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising goats.
Illustrative example(s)
• milk production, goat farm
• mohair production
1125 Aquaculture
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in farm-raising aquatic animals and plants.
Establishments primarily engaged in raising both aquatic animals and plants in integrated growing operations,
aquaponics, are also included. These activities can occur both in natural waters and in artificial aquatic
impoundments and include the use of some form of intervention in the rearing or growing process to enhance
production.
11251 Aquaculture
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in farm-raising aquatic animals and plants.
Establishments primarily engaged in raising both aquatic animals and plants in integrated growing operations,
aquaponics, are also included. These activities can occur both in natural waters and in artificial aquatic
impoundments and include the use of some form of intervention in the rearing or growing process to enhance
production.
112510 Aquaculture This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in farm-raising aquatic animals and plants.
Establishments primarily engaged in raising both aquatic animals and plants in integrated growing operations,
aquaponics, are also included. These activities can occur both in natural waters and in artificial aquatic
impoundments and include the use of some form of intervention in the rearing or growing process to enhance
production.
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Illustrative example(s)
• algae and seaweed farming
• aquaponics
• finfish hatcheries
• fingerlings, raising in freshwater or salt water
• frog, farm raising
• shellfish farming
Exclusion(s)
• hydroponic crops, grown under cover (see 111419 Other food crops grown under cover)
• catching or taking fish and other aquatic animals from their natural habitats (see 11411 Fishing)
1129 Other animal production
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
raising animals, such as bees, horses and other equines, rabbits and other fur-bearing animals, llamas, deer,
worms, crickets, laboratory animals and companion animals, for example dogs, cats, pet birds and other pets. The
production of animal products, such as honey and other bee products, are also included. Establishments primarily
engaged in raising a combination of animals, with no one predominating, are also included in this industry group.
11291 Apiculture
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising bees, collecting and gathering honey, and
performing other apiculture activities.
112910 Apiculture
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising bees, collecting and gathering
honey, and performing other apiculture activities.
11292 Horse and other equine production
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising horses, mules, donkeys and other equines.
112920 Horse and other equine production
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising horses, mules, donkeys and other
equines.
Exclusion(s)
• boarding horses (see 115210 Support activities for animal production)
11293 Fur-bearing animal and rabbit production
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising fur-bearing animals, including rabbits.
112930 Fur-bearing animal and rabbit production
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising fur-bearing animals, including
rabbits.
Illustrative example(s)
• fur-bearing animal (e.g., chinchilla, fox, muskrat, rabbit, mink) raising
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Exclusion(s)
• trapping or hunting wild fur-bearing animals (see 114210 Hunting and trapping)
11299 All other animal production
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in raising animals,
such as llamas, bison, wild boar, deer, elk, worms, crickets, laboratory animals and companion animals, for example
dogs, cats, pet birds and other pets. Establishments primarily engaged in raising a combination of animals, with no
one predominating, are also included in this industry.
Exclusion(s)
• raising cattle (see 1121 Cattle ranching and farming)
• raising hogs and pigs (see 112210 Hog and pig farming)
• raising poultry (see 1123 Poultry and egg production)
• raising sheep and goats (see 1124 Sheep and goat farming)
• raising aquatic animals (see 112510 Aquaculture)
• raising bees (see 112910 Apiculture)
• raising horses and other equines (see 112920 Horse and other equine production)
• raising fur-bearing animals, including rabbits (see 112930 Fur-bearing animal and rabbit production)
112991 Animal combination farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising a combination of animals, with no
one predominating.
Illustrative example(s)
• crop and livestock combination farming (primarily livestock)
• livestock and animal specialty farms, general
• livestock combination farm
112999 All other miscellaneous animal production This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in raising animals.
Illustrative example(s)
• aviaries (e.g., raising parakeet, canary, lovebirds)
• laboratory animal production (e.g., rats, mice, guinea pigs)
• pet animal, raising
• wild boar, raising
113 Forestry and logging
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing and harvesting timber on a long production
cycle (of ten years or more). Long production cycles use different production processes than short production
cycles, which require more horticultural interventions prior to harvest, resulting in processes more similar to those
found in the Crop production subsector. Consequently, Christmas tree production and other production involving
production cycles of less than ten years, are classified to the Crop production subsector.
Industries in this subsector specialize in different stages of the production cycle. Reforestation requires production
of seedlings in specialized nurseries. Timber production requires natural forests or suitable areas of land that are
available for a long duration. The maturation time for timber depends upon the species of tree, the climatic
conditions of the region, and the intended purpose of the timber. The harvesting of timber, except when done on an
extremely small scale, requires specialized machinery unique to the industry. The gathering of forest products, such
as gums, barks, balsam needles and Spanish moss, are also included in this subsector.
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1131 Timber tract operations
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the operation of timber tracts, for the purpose of
selling standing timber.
11311 Timber tract operations
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the operation of timber tracts, for the purpose of
selling standing timber.
113110 Timber tract operations
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the operation of timber tracts, for the
purpose of selling standing timber.
Exclusion(s)
• growing short rotation woody crops, such as Christmas trees and cottonwood for pulpwood, where the
typical life cycle for growing and harvesting is less than ten years (see 11142 Nursery and floriculture
production)
• cutting timber (see 11331 Logging)
• holding timbered property as real property and not for the sale of timber (see 531190 Lessors of other real
estate property)
1132 Forest nurseries and gathering of forest products
This industry group comprises establishments with two different production processes, those primarily engaged in
growing trees for the purpose of reforestation, and those primarily engaged in gathering forest products.
11321 Forest nurseries and gathering of forest products
This industry comprises establishments with two different production processes, those primarily engaged in growing
trees for the purpose of reforestation, and those primarily engaged in gathering forest products.
113210 Forest nurseries and gathering of forest products This Canadian industry comprises establishments with two different production processes, those primarily engaged
in growing trees for the purpose of reforestation, and those primarily engaged in gathering forest products.
Illustrative example(s)
• forest gums (e.g., chestnut, hemlock, cherry, pine and spruce), gathering
• forest nurseries for reforestation, growing trees
• forest products (e.g., balsam needles, bark, cone) gathering
• gathering of non-cultivated berries
• moss (e.g., Spanish, sphagnum), gathering of
Exclusion(s)
• gathering maple sap (see 111994 Maple syrup and products production)
1133 Logging
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting timber, producing rough, round, hewn, or
riven primary wood, and producing wood chips in the forest. Establishments primarily engaged in cutting and
transporting timber are also included in this industry.
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11331 Logging
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting timber, producing rough, round, hewn, or riven
primary wood, and producing wood chips in the forest. Establishments primarily engaged in cutting and transporting
timber are also included in this industry.
Exclusion(s)
• local timber trucking (see 484223 Forest products trucking, local)
• long distance timber trucking (see 484233 Forest products trucking, long distance)
113311 Logging (except contract) This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting timber, producing rough, round,
hewn, or riven primary wood, and producing wood chips in the forest, on an own-account basis. Establishments
primarily engaged in cutting and transporting timber are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• bolts, wood (e.g., handle, heading, shingle, stave), cutting
• booming, bunching, rafting, driving logs
• chipping logs (in the forest)
• Christmas tree cutting
• fuelwood cutting
• log barking, rossing and peeling on contract
• log cutting (forest trees)
• log grading, scaling, sorting
• poles and pilings, wooden, untreated, cutting
• rails, fence, round or split, cutting
• wood chips produced in the forest
Exclusion(s)
• trucking timber, local (see 484223 Forest products trucking, local)
• trucking timber, long distance (see 484233 Forest products trucking, long distance)
113312 Contract logging This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting timber, producing rough, round,
hewn, or riven primary wood, and producing wood chips in the forest, on a fee or contract basis. Establishments
primarily engaged in cutting and transporting timber are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• beachcombers (lost log recovery)
• contract logging
• custom logging, contractor
• log booming, bucking, salvaging, skidding and yarding on contract
• log hauling in the forest with logging
• logging contractor (felling, cutting, bucking)
• logs contract stump to truck
• lumber jack contractor, log, tree felling
• pulpwood and timber cutting on contract
• timber cutting and yarding on contract
Exclusion(s)
• trucking timber, local (see 484223 Forest products trucking, local)
• trucking timber, long distance (see 484233 Forest products trucking, long distance)
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114 Fishing, hunting and trapping
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in catching fish and other wild animals from their
natural habitats. These establishments are dependent upon a continued supply of the natural resource. The
catching of fish is the predominant economic activity of this subsector and it usually requires specialized vessels
that, by the nature of their size, configuration and equipment, are not suitable for any other type of production, such
as transportation. Hunting and trapping utilize a wide variety of production processes and are classified in the same
subsector as fishing because the availability of resources and the constraints imposed, such as conservation
requirements and proper habitat maintenance, are similar.
1141 Fishing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the commercial catching or taking of finfish,
shellfish, and other marine animals from their natural habitats.
11411 Fishing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the commercial catching or taking of finfish, shellfish,
and other aquatic animals from their natural habitats.
Exclusion(s)
• farm-raising finfish, shellfish or other aquatic animals within a confined space and under controlled feeding
and harvesting conditions (see 112510 Aquaculture)
• commercial catching or taking and processing of fresh fish, such as canning, freezing, etc., on the fishing
vessel (see 311710 Seafood product preparation and packaging)
114113 Salt water fishing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in catching all types of finfish, shellfish and
other marine animals, and harvesting other sea products.
Illustrative example(s)
• crab, crayfish and lobster, catching of
• dulse, Irish moss and laver gathering
• lobster pound operation
• marine finfish fishing (e.g., flounder, salmon, trout)
• marine shellfish fishing (e.g., clam, crab, oyster, shrimp)
• offshore or deep sea finfish fishing
• sea worm gathering
• shellfish, fishing, salt water
114114 Freshwater fishing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in catching or gathering freshwater species of
finfish and shellfish, and harvesting other freshwater products.
Illustrative example(s)
• bait catching, freshwater
• hand lining and long lining fishing, freshwater
• inland finfish fishing, freshwater
• shellfish digging or fishing, freshwater
1142 Hunting and trapping
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial hunting and trapping, and operating
and managing commercial game preserves.
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11421 Hunting and trapping
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial hunting and trapping, and operating and
managing commercial game preserves.
114210 Hunting and trapping
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial hunting and trapping, and
operating and managing commercial game preserves.
Illustrative example(s)
• hunting and trapping
• hunting and trapping, wild animals for furs (except seals)
• hunting or game preserves
• worm gathering
Exclusion(s)
• farm-raising rabbits and other fur-bearing animals (see 112930 Fur-bearing animal and rabbit production)
• operating nature preserves (see 712190 Nature parks and other similar institutions)
115 Support activities for agriculture and forestry
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support services that are essential to
agricultural and forestry production.
1151 Support activities for crop production
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support activities for growing crops.
11511 Support activities for crop production
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support activities for growing crops.
115110 Support activities for crop production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support activities for growing
crops.
Illustrative example(s)
• agricultural product sterilization service
• crop dusting and spraying service, with or without fertilizing
• crop harvesting service
• crop planting or seeding services
• farm labour contractors
• farm management service (crop production)
• farm product (crop) sorting, grading or packing service (for the grower)
• fertilizer application service
• fruit picking service, hand (e.g., apple, strawberry, blueberry, cherry)
• grain drying service
• soil preparation services (e.g., hoeing, ploughing, rototilling, weeding), agricultural
• threshing service, agricultural crop and plant
Exclusion(s)
• providing support activities for forestry (see 115310 Support activities for forestry)
• providing water for irrigation (see 221310 Water supply and irrigation systems)
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• artificially drying and dehydrating fruits and vegetables (see 311420 Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling
and drying)
• stemming and redrying tobacco (see 312210 Tobacco stemming and redrying)
• buying farm products, such as fruits or vegetables, for resale and preparing them for market or further
processing (see 413150 Fresh fruit and vegetable merchant wholesalers)
• providing landscaping and horticultural services, such as lawn care services and ornamental shrub and
tree services (see 561730 Landscaping services)
1152 Support activities for animal production
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support activities related to raising
livestock, including companion animals.
11521 Support activities for animal production
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support activities related to raising livestock,
including companion animals.
115210 Support activities for animal production
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support activities related to raising
livestock, including companion animals.
Illustrative example(s)
• animal pedigree service
• artificial insemination services, animal specialties and livestock
• breeding services for livestock
• cattle registration service
• farriers (horseshoeing)
• horses, boarding (except racehorses)
• milk testing for butterfat
• sheep dipping and shearing services
1153 Support activities for forestry
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing particular support activities, related
to harvesting timber.
11531 Support activities for forestry
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing particular support activities, related to
harvesting timber.
115310 Support activities for forestry
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing particular support activities,
related to harvesting timber.
Illustrative example(s)
• forest conservation services
• forest fire fighting services (e.g., inspection, prevention, protection)
• forestry maintenance (e.g., spacing and thinning trees, reforestation, mensuration services, measurement
of trees)
• log hauling in the forest, without logging
• pest control services, forestry
• timber cruising and valuation
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21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction
This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in extracting naturally occurring minerals. These can be
solids, such as coal and ores; liquids, such as crude petroleum; and gases, such as natural gas. The term mining is
used in the broad sense to include quarrying, well operations, milling (for example, crushing, screening, washing, or
flotation) and other preparation customarily done at the mine site, or as a part of mining activity. Establishments
engaged in exploration for minerals, development of mineral properties and mining operations are included in this
sector. Establishments performing similar activities, on a contract or fee basis, are also included.
211 Oil and gas extraction
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating oil and gas field properties. Such activities
may include exploration for crude petroleum and natural gas; drilling, completing and equipping wells; operating
separators, emulsion breakers, desilting equipment and field gathering lines for crude petroleum; and all other
activities in the preparation of oil and gas up to the point of shipment from the producing property. This subsector
includes the production of oil, the mining and extraction of oil from oil shale and oil sands, and the production of gas
and hydrocarbon liquids, through gasification, liquefaction and pyrolysis of coal at the mine site.
2111 Oil and gas extraction
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating oil and gas field properties. Such
activities may include exploration for crude petroleum and natural gas; drilling, completing and equipping wells;
operating separators, emulsion breakers, desilting equipment and field gathering lines for crude petroleum; and all
other activities in the preparation of oil and gas up to the point of shipment from the producing property. This
industry includes the production of oil, the mining and extraction of oil from oil shale and oil sands, and the
production of gas and hydrocarbon liquids, through gasification, liquefaction and pyrolysis of coal at the mine site.
21111 Oil and gas extraction
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating oil and gas field properties. Such activities
may include exploration for crude petroleum and natural gas; drilling, completing and equipping wells; operating
separators, emulsion breakers, desilting equipment and field gathering lines for crude petroleum; and all other
activities in the preparation of oil and gas up to the point of shipment from the producing property. This industry
includes the production of oil, the mining and extraction of oil from oil shale and oil sands, and the production of gas
and hydrocarbon liquids, through gasification, liquefaction and pyrolysis of coal at the mine site.
Exclusion(s)
• contract drilling for oil and gas (see 213111 Oil and gas contract drilling)
• performing oil field services for operators, except contract drilling, on a contract or fee basis (see 213118
Services to oil and gas extraction)
• recovering liquefied petroleum gases incidental to petroleum refining (see 324110 Petroleum refineries)
• recovering helium from natural gas (see 325120 Industrial gas manufacturing)
211113 Conventional oil and gas extraction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the exploration for, and/or production of,
petroleum or natural gas from wells in which the hydrocarbons will initially flow or can be produced using normal
pumping techniques.
Illustrative example(s)
• coal gasification and pyrolysis at the mine site
• crude oil, conventional extraction
• fractionating natural gas liquids
• liquefied petroleum gases (LPG) from natural gas, production, mining
• natural butane, ethane, isobutane and propane production
• natural gas cleaning and preparation plants
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• natural gas liquids recovering and mining
• oil and gas exploration
Exclusion(s)
• producing crude oil from surface shales or tar sands or from reservoirs in which the hydrocarbons are
semisolids and conventional production methods are not possible (see 211114 Non-conventional oil
extraction)
• performing oil field services for operators, on a contract or fee basis (see 213118 Services to oil and gas
extraction)
• recovering liquefied petroleum gases incidental to petroleum refining (see 324110 Petroleum refineries)
211114 Non-conventional oil extraction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing crude oil from surface shales or
tar sands or from reservoirs in which the hydrocarbons are semisolids and conventional production methods are not
possible.
Illustrative example(s)
• bitumen production, extraction by mining
• heavy oil in place, solution gas drive recovering
• petroleum, from shale or sand, production
• shale oil mining
• tar sand mining for oil extraction
Exclusion(s)
• exploration for, and/or production of, petroleum or natural gas from wells in which the hydrocarbons will
initially flow or can be produced using normal pumping techniques (see 211113 Conventional oil and gas
extraction)
• performing oil field services for operators, on a contract or fee basis (see 213118 Services to oil and gas
extraction)
• recovering liquefied petroleum gases incidental to petroleum refining (see 324110 Petroleum refineries)
212 Mining and quarrying (except oil and gas)
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing metallic
and non-metallic minerals, including coal.
Exclusion(s)
• providing support services, on a contract or fee basis, required for the mining and quarrying of minerals
(see 21311 Support activities for mining, and oil and gas extraction)
2121 Coal mining
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining bituminous and lignite coal by
underground mining, and auger mining, strip mining, culm bank mining and other surface mining. Mining operations
and preparation plants (also known as cleaning plants and washeries), whether or not such plants are operated in
conjunction with mine sites, are included.
21211 Coal mining
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining bituminous and lignite coal by underground
mining, and auger mining, strip mining, culm bank mining and other surface mining. Mining operations and
preparation plants (also known as cleaning plants and washeries), whether or not such plants are operated in
conjunction with mine sites, are included.
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212114 Bituminous coal mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining bituminous coal. Mining operations
and preparation plants (also known as cleaning plants and washeries), whether or not such plants are operated in
conjunction with mine sites, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• anthracite mining
• bituminous coal preparation plants
• bituminous coal washeries
• coal mining, bituminous
• culm bank recovery, anthracite (except on a contract basis)
• strip mining, bituminous coal (except on a contract basis)
Exclusion(s)
• producing coal fuel briquettes and packaged fuel (see 324190 Other petroleum and coal product
manufacturing)
212115 Subbituminous coal mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining subbituminous coal. Mining
operations and preparation plants (also known as cleaning plants and washeries), whether or not such plants are
operated in conjunction with mine sites, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• breaking, washing, grading, subbituminous coal
Exclusion(s)
• producing coal fuel briquettes and packaged fuel (see 324190 Other petroleum and coal product
manufacturing)
212116 Lignite coal mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining lignite coal. Mining operations and
preparation plants (also known as cleaning plants and washeries), whether or not such plants are operated in
conjunction with mine sites, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• brown coal mining
• lignite coal preparation plants
• lignite mining
Exclusion(s)
• producing coal fuel briquettes and packaged fuel (see 324190 Other petroleum and coal product
manufacturing)
2122 Metal ore mining
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining metallic minerals (ores). Also included
are establishments engaged in ore dressing and beneficiating operations, whether performed at mills operated in
conjunction with the mines served or at mills, such as custom mills, operated separately. These include mills that
crush, grind, wash, dry, sinter, calcine or leach ore, or perform gravity separation or flotation operations.
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21221 Iron ore mining
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing iron ores,
and manganiferous ores valued chiefly for their iron content. Establishments engaged in the production of sinter
and other agglomerates, except those associated with blast furnace operations, are included.
212210 Iron ore mining
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing
iron ores, and manganiferous ores valued chiefly for their iron content. Establishments engaged in the production of
sinter and other agglomerates, except those associated with blast furnace operations, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• iron agglomerate and pellet production
• iron ore dressing (beneficiation) plants
• magnoferrite and manganiferous ore valued for iron content, mining
Exclusion(s)
• operating blast furnaces to produce pig iron from iron ore (see 331110 Iron and steel mills and ferro-alloy
manufacturing)
21222 Gold and silver ore mining
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing ores
valued chiefly for their gold or silver content.
212220 Gold and silver ore mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing
ores valued chiefly for their gold or silver content.
21223 Copper, nickel, lead and zinc ore mining
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing ores
valued chiefly for their copper, nickel, lead or zinc content.
212231 Lead-zinc ore mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing
lead ores, zinc ores or lead-zinc ores.
212232 Nickel-copper ore mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing
nickel or nickel-copper ores.
Exclusion(s)
• mining copper ores combined with zinc or any mineral other than nickel (see 212233 Copper-zinc ore
mining)
212233 Copper-zinc ore mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing
copper or copper-zinc ores. Establishments engaged in the recovery of copper concentrates by the precipitation
and leaching of copper ore are also included.
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Exclusion(s)
• mining nickel-copper ores (see 212232 Nickel-copper ore mining)
• recovery of refined copper by leaching copper concentrates (see 331410 Non-ferrous metal (except
aluminum) smelting and refining)
21229 Other metal ore mining
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in mining,
beneficiating or otherwise preparing metallic ores, such as uranium-radium-vanadium ores, molybdenum ores,
antimony ores, columbium ores, illmenite ores, magnesium ores, tantalum ores and tungsten ores.
Exclusion(s)
• mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing iron ores (see 212210 Iron ore mining)
• mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing ores valued chiefly for their gold or silver content (see 212220
Gold and silver ore mining)
• mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing ores valued chiefly for their copper, nickel, lead or zinc content
(see 21223 Copper, nickel, lead and zinc ore mining)
212291 Uranium ore mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing
uranium-radium-vanadium ores.
Illustrative example(s)
• leaching of uranium or radium ore at mine site
• radioactive ore mining
• radium, uranium and yttrium ore mining
• uranium ore milling
• vanadium ore mining
Exclusion(s)
• mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing molybdenum ores, antimony ores, columbium ores, ilmenite
ores, magnesium ores, tantalum ores and tungsten ores (see 212299 All other metal ore mining)
212299 All other metal ore mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing metallic ores.
Illustrative example(s)
• molybdenum ore mining
• ore (e.g., antimony, beryllium, cerium, chromite, chromium, cobalt) mining
• ore (e.g., columbium, ilmenite, iridium, magnesium, manganese, palladium, roscoelite) mining
• ore (e.g., ruthenium, scheelite, tantalum, tin, titanium, tungsten, quicksilver, zirconium) mining
• ore dressing and beneficiating (e.g., cobalt, manganese, tantalum, tungsten)
• rare-earths ore mining
Exclusion(s)
• mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing uranium-radium-vanadium ores (see 212291 Uranium ore
mining)
2123 Non-metallic mineral mining and quarrying
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying non-metallic minerals,
except coal. Primary preparation plants, such as those engaged in crushing, grinding and washing, are included.
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Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing brick and other structural clay products (see 327120 Clay building material and refractory
manufacturing)
• manufacturing cement (see 327310 Cement manufacturing)
• manufacturing lime (see 327410 Lime manufacturing)
• cutting and finishing stone and stone products (see 327990 All other non-metallic mineral product
manufacturing)
21231 Stone mining and quarrying
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying dimension stone, rough blocks or
slabs of stone, and crushed and broken stone.
212314 Granite mining and quarrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying dimension granite,
rough blocks or slabs of granite, and crushed and broken granite, including related rocks.
Illustrative example(s)
• diorite or gneiss quarrying
• granite mining and quarrying
• syenite (except nepheline), quarrying
212315 Limestone mining and quarrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying dimension limestone,
rough blocks or slabs of limestone, and crushed and broken limestone, including related rocks. Establishments
engaged in the grinding or pulverizing of limestone are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• agricultural limestone, ground (except fertilizer)
• calcareous tufa, crushed and broken, quarrying
• cement rock, quarrying
• chalk mine or quarry
• dolomite, crushed and broken stone, quarrying
• travertine, quarrying
Exclusion(s)
• producing lime (see 327410 Lime manufacturing)
212316 Marble mining and quarrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying dimension marble,
rough blocks or slabs of marble, and crushed and broken marble. Establishments engaged in mining or quarrying
slate are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• diabase, quarrying
• gabbro, quarrying
• marble quarry
• riprap (except limestone and granite), quarrying
• slate mining or quarrying
• volcanic rock, quarrying
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212317 Sandstone mining and quarrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying dimension sandstone,
rough blocks or slabs of sandstone, and crushed and broken sandstone.
Illustrative example(s)
• ganister, quarrying
• grits, crushed and broken stone mining
• quartzite, quarrying
• sandstone mining or quarrying
21232 Sand, gravel, clay, and ceramic and refractory minerals mining and quarrying
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating sand and gravel pits, including dredging for
sand and gravel; mining or quarrying shale; and mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing kaolin or ball clay,
including china clay, paper and slip clays, and other clays and refractory minerals.
212323 Sand and gravel mining and quarrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating sand and gravel pits, including
dredging for sand and gravel, and washing, screening or otherwise preparing sand and gravel.
Illustrative example(s)
• fill dirt pits
• gravel pit
• sand pit or quarry
212326 Shale, clay and refractory mineral mining and quarrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying shale and mining,
beneficiating or otherwise preparing kaolin or ball clay and other clays and refractory minerals. Mines operated in
conjunction with plants that manufacture cement, brick or other structural clay products, or pottery and related
products, are included in this Canadian industry when separate reports are not available.
Illustrative example(s)
• bentonite mining
• common clay quarrying
• fuller's earth mining
• nepheline syenite mining
Exclusion(s)
• grinding, pulverizing or otherwise treating ceramic minerals, not in conjunction with mining or quarrying
operations (see 327110 Pottery, ceramics and plumbing fixture manufacturing)
• grinding, pulverizing or otherwise treating clay and refractory minerals, not in conjunction with mining or
quarrying operations (see 327120 Clay building material and refractory manufacturing)
21239 Other non-metallic mineral mining and quarrying
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in mining,
beneficiating or otherwise preparing non-metallic minerals, such as asbestos, gypsum and potash, and extracting
peat.
Exclusion(s)
• mining or quarrying dimension stone (see 21231 Stone mining and quarrying)
• operating sand and gravel pits and dredging for sand and gravel (see 212323 Sand and gravel mining and
quarrying)
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• mining or quarrying shale and mining, beneficiating, or otherwise preparing clays and refractory minerals
(see 212326 Shale, clay and refractory mineral mining and quarrying)
• production of phosphoric acid, superphosphates or other manufactured phosphate compounds or
chemicals (see 325313 Chemical fertilizer (except potash) manufacturing)
212392 Diamond mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining diamonds of industrial or gem
quality.
212393 Salt mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining rock salt or in the recovery of salt
from brine wells.
Illustrative example(s)
• rock salt mining
• rock salt processing at the mine site
• salt brining (deposit extraction)
• salt refining at the mine site
212394 Asbestos mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing
asbestos.
Illustrative example(s)
• amosite, milled fibre, mining
• chrysotile fibre, milling
• crocidolite, milled fibre, mining
212395 Gypsum mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing
gypsum.
Illustrative example(s)
• alabaster (gypsum) mining
• hydrous calcium sulphate (gypsum) mining
• selenite mining
212396 Potash mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing
potash.
Illustrative example(s)
• muriate of potash, mining
• potash screening and pulverizing, mining
212397 Peat extraction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in extracting and processing peat.
Illustrative example(s)
• peat moss digging or harvesting
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•
•
•
•
peat moss harvesting, extraction, cutting
peat, fuel, mining
screening peat
shredding peat mining
212398 All other non-metallic mineral mining and quarrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing non-metallic minerals.
Illustrative example(s)
• amethyst mining
• epsomite mining
• fluorspar mining
• gem stone mining
• mica mining
• sienna mining
• sulphur, ground or otherwise treated
• talc mining
Exclusion(s)
• mining or quarrying dimension stone (see 21231 Stone mining and quarrying)
• operating sand and gravel pits and dredging for sand and gravel (see 212323 Sand and gravel mining and
quarrying)
• mining or quarrying shale and mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing clays and refractory minerals
(see 212326 Shale, clay and refractory mineral mining and quarrying)
• mining diamonds of industrial or gem quality (see 212392 Diamond mining)
• mining or recovering salt from brine wells (see 212393 Salt mining)
• mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing asbestos (see 212394 Asbestos mining)
• mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing gypsum (see 212395 Gypsum mining)
• mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing potash (see 212396 Potash mining)
• extracting and processing peat (see 212397 Peat extraction)
213 Support activities for mining, and oil and gas extraction
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support services, on a contract or fee
basis, for the mining and quarrying of minerals and for the extraction of oil and gas. Establishments engaged in the
exploration for minerals, other than oil or gas, are included. Exploration includes traditional prospecting methods,
such as taking ore samples and making geological observations at prospective sites.
2131 Support activities for mining, and oil and gas extraction
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support services, on a contract or fee
basis, for the mining and quarrying of minerals and for the extraction of oil and gas. Establishments engaged in the
exploration for minerals, other than oil or gas, are included. Exploration includes traditional prospecting methods,
such as taking ore samples and making geological observations at prospective sites.
21311 Support activities for mining, and oil and gas extraction
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support services, on a contract or fee basis,
for the mining and quarrying of minerals and for the extraction of oil and gas. Establishments engaged in the
exploration for minerals, other than oil or gas, are included. Exploration includes traditional prospecting methods,
such as taking ore samples and making geological observations at prospective sites.
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Exclusion(s)
• performing geophysical surveying services, on a contract or fee basis (see 541360 Geophysical surveying
and mapping services)
213111 Oil and gas contract drilling
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in drilling wells for oil or gas field operations,
for others, on a contract or fee basis.
213117 Contract drilling (except oil and gas) This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in diamond, test, prospect and other types of
drilling, for minerals, other than oil and gas, on a contract or fee basis.
Illustrative example(s)
• contract diamond drilling, metallic minerals
• prospect drilling for non-metallic minerals (except fuels), on contract basis
• test drilling for non-metallic minerals mining (except fuels), on a contract basis
213118 Services to oil and gas extraction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing oil and gas field services, except
contract drilling, for others, on a contract or fee basis.
Illustrative example(s)
• acidizing wells, on a contract basis
• cementing oil and gas well casings, on a contract basis
• cleaning out (e.g., bailing out, steam and swabbing) oil and gas wells, on a contract basis
• contract battery operators, oil field
• cutting casings, tubes and rods, oil field
• drilling water intake wells, on a contract basis
• excavating slush pits and cellars, on a contract basis
• shot-hole drilling service, oil and gas field, on a contract basis
• well foundation building, at oil and gas wells, on a contract basis
• well pumping, oil and gas, on a contract basis
Exclusion(s)
• performing exploration for oil or gas, other than geophysical (see 21111 Oil and gas extraction)
• contract drilling for oil and gas (see 213111 Oil and gas contract drilling)
213119 Other support activities for mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in performing mining services for others, except drilling, on a contract or fee basis. Establishments engaged in the
exploration for minerals are included. Such exploration is often accomplished using purchased services of specialty
businesses, such as contract drilling services to obtain core samples.
Illustrative example(s)
• draining or pumping of mines, on a contract basis
• overburden removal, mines, on a contract basis
Exclusion(s)
• performing geophysical surveying services on a contract or fee basis (see 541360 Geophysical surveying
and mapping services)
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22 Utilities
This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating electric, gas and water utilities. These
establishments generate, transmit, control and distribute electric power; distribute natural gas; treat and distribute
water; operate sewer systems and sewage treatment facilities; and provide related services, generally through a
permanent infrastructure of lines, pipes and treatment and processing facilities.
221 Utilities This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating electric, gas and water utilities. These
establishments generate, transmit, control and distribute electric power; distribute natural gas; treat and distribute
water; operate sewer systems and sewage treatment facilities; and provide related services, generally through a
permanent infrastructure of lines, pipes and treatment and processing facilities.
2211 Electric power generation, transmission and distribution
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the generation of bulk electric power,
transmission from generating facilities to distribution centres, and/or distribution to end users.
22111 Electric power generation This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the generation of bulk electric power, by hydraulic
energy, fossil fuels, nuclear energy or other processes.
Exclusion(s)
• transmitting and/or distributing electric power (see 22112 Electric power transmission, control and
distribution)
• manufacturing batteries for the storage of electricity (see 335910 Battery manufacturing)
• operating incinerators that generate electricity (see 562210 Waste treatment and disposal)
• concurrent generation of steam and electricity, co-generation (classified according to the primary activity of
the establishment operated)
221111 Hydro-electric power generation This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the generation of electricity using hydraulic
energy. Establishments that use pumped hydro storage generation processes are included.
221112 Fossil-fuel electric power generation This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the generation of electricity using fossil fuels
(coal, gas, oil) in internal combustion or combustion-turbine conventional steam processes.
221113 Nuclear electric power generation This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the generation of electric power using
nuclear energy.
Exclusion(s)
• operating reactors for nuclear research (see 541710 Research and development in the physical,
engineering and life sciences)
221119 Other electric power generation This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in the generation of electricity, using sources such as wind, solar or tidal energy.
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Illustrative example(s)
• compressed air electric power generation
• electric power generation (e.g., geothermal, solar, tidal, wind)
• electric power generation (except hydro, fossil fuel or nuclear)
22112 Electric power transmission, control and distribution This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the transmission, distribution or control of electric
power.
Exclusion(s)
• generation of electric power (see 22111 Electric power generation)
221121 Electric bulk power transmission and control This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the transmission of electric power from the
generating source to the distribution centre, or in transmission and distribution. The transmission system includes
transmission lines and the transformer stations that are integral to transmission. The control of electric power, which
includes arranging, facilitating or co-ordinating the transmission of electric power between or among electric utilities,
is included.
221122 Electric power distribution This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the distribution of electric power to the
individual user or consumer. The electric power distribution system includes distribution lines and transformer
stations integral to power distribution, as well as any dedicated generating stations. Electric power brokers and
agents, that arrange the sale of electricity over power distribution systems operated by others, are included.
2212 Natural gas distribution This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the distribution of natural or synthetic gas to the
ultimate consumers through a system of mains. Gas marketers or brokers, that arrange the sale of natural gas over
distribution systems operated by others, are included.
22121 Natural gas distribution This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the distribution of natural or synthetic gas to the
ultimate consumers through a system of mains. Gas marketers or brokers, that arrange the sale of natural gas over
distribution systems operated by others, are included.
221210 Natural gas distribution This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the distribution of natural or synthetic gas to
the ultimate consumers through a system of mains. Gas marketers or brokers, that arrange the sale of natural gas
over distribution systems operated by others, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• distribution and sale of natural gas to the user through mains
2213 Water, sewage and other systems This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating water, sewage and related systems.
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22131 Water supply and irrigation systems This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating water collection, treatment and distribution
systems for domestic and industrial needs. Establishments primarily engaged in operating irrigation systems are
included.
221310 Water supply and irrigation systems This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating water collection, treatment and
distribution systems for domestic and industrial needs. Establishments primarily engaged in operating irrigation
systems are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• irrigation system operation
• water collection, treatment and distribution systems
• water filtration plant operation
22132 Sewage treatment facilities This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating sewer systems and sewage treatment
facilities that collect, treat and dispose of wastewater.
221320 Sewage treatment facilities This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating sewer systems and sewage
treatment facilities that collect, treat and dispose of wastewater.
Illustrative example(s)
• operating sewage treatment or disposal facilities
Exclusion(s)
• operating waste treatment or disposal facilities, other than wastewater (see 56221 Waste treatment and
disposal)
22133 Steam and air-conditioning supply This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the production or distribution of steam and heated or
cooled air.
221330 Steam and air-conditioning supply This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the production or distribution of steam and
heated or cooled air.
Illustrative example(s)
• heating plant
• steam generation plant
23 Construction
This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in constructing, repairing and renovating buildings and
engineering works, and in subdividing and developing land. These establishments may operate on their own
account or under contract to other establishments or property owners. They may produce complete projects or just
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parts of projects. Establishments often subcontract some or all of the work involved in a project, or work together in
joint ventures. Establishments may produce new construction, or undertake repairs and renovations to existing
structures.
A construction establishment may be the only establishment of an enterprise, or one of several establishments of
an integrated real estate enterprise engaged in the land assembly, development, financing, building and sale of
large projects.
There are substantial differences in the types of equipment, work force skills, and other inputs required by
establishments in this sector. To highlight these differences and variations in the underlying production functions,
this sector is divided into three subsectors. Establishments are distinguished initially between those that undertake
projects that require several different construction activities (known as trades) to be performed, and establishments
that specialize in one trade.
The former are classified in subsectors 236 Construction of buildings and 237 Heavy and civil engineering
construction, depending upon whether they are primarily engaged in the construction of buildings or in heavy
construction and civil engineering projects. Establishments in these subsectors complete projects using their own
labour force, by subcontracting, usually to trade contractors, or a combination of own account and subcontracting
activities. Establishments classified in these subsectors are known by a variety of designations, such as general
contractor, design-builder, speculative builder, operative builder and construction manager. The designation
depends on the scope of the projects they undertake, the degree of responsibility and risk that they assume, the
type of structure that they produce, and whether they work on contract for an owner or on their own account.
General contractors typically work under contract to a client (the owner of the land and the building or structure to
be constructed), and undertake projects that require several specialized construction activities to be performed.
Often the general contractor will subcontract some of the specialized tasks to other establishments.
Design-builders are similar to general contractors. However, in a design-build project a single contract is signed with
the owner that makes the contractor responsible for providing the architectural and engineering designs. The
design-builder therefore is responsible for the design of the project as well as its construction.
Construction establishments that build on their own account, for sale to others, are known as speculative builders,
operative builders or merchant builders. They are most often engaged in the construction of residential buildings.
Construction managers provide oversight and scheduling services to the owner, for the most part during the actual
construction process. This type of service is sometimes referred to as agency construction management, to
distinguish it from a type of general contracting known as at-risk construction management. On the other hand,
project management, which is a turnkey-type service involving the entire project, including feasibility studies, the
arranging of financing, and the management of the contract bidding and selection process, is classified in 54133
Engineering services when it is the primary activity of an establishment.
Establishments that specialize in one particular construction activity, or trade, are generally classified in subsector
238 Specialty trade contractors. However, in order to conform to the generally accepted distinctions made by
construction businesses themselves, some types of specialized establishments involved in road building and civil
engineering are classified in subsector 237 Heavy and civil engineering construction.
Subsector 238, Specialty trade contractors, comprises establishments engaged in trade activities generally needed
in the construction of buildings and structures, such as masonry, painting, or electrical work. Specialty trade
contractors usually work under contract to another construction establishment but, especially in renovation and
repair construction, they may contract directly with the owner of the property.
A significant amount of construction work is performed by enterprises that are primarily engaged in some business
other than construction, for these enterprises' own use, using employees and equipment of the enterprise. This
activity is not included in the construction sector unless the construction work performed is the primary activity of a
separate establishment of the enterprise. However, if separate establishments do exist, they are classified in the
construction sector.
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Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing and installing building equipment, such as power boilers; manufacturing pre-fabricated
buildings (see 31-33 Manufacturing)
• operating highways, streets and bridges (see 48-49 Transportation and warehousing)
• project management services, when it is a primary activity (see 541330 Engineering services)
• maintenance of rights of way for power, communication and pipe lines; and cleaning building exteriors,
after construction (see 56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services)
236 Construction of buildings
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of buildings. Buildings are
distinguished by their primary function, such as residential, commercial and industrial. Establishments may produce
new construction, or undertake additions, alterations, or maintenance and repairs to existing structures. The on-site
assembly of precast, panellized, and prefabricated buildings and construction of temporary buildings are included in
this subsector. Part or all of the production work for which the establishments in this subsector have responsibility
may be subcontracted to other construction establishments - usually specialty trade contractors.
2361 Residential building construction
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction or remodelling and renovation
of single-family and multi-family residential buildings. Included in this industry group are residential housing general
contractors, operative builders and remodellers of residential structures, residential project construction
management firms, and residential design-build firms.
23611 Residential building construction
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction or remodelling and renovation of
single-family and multi-family residential buildings. Included in this industry are residential housing general
contractors, operative builders and remodellers of residential structures, residential project construction
management firms, and residential design-build firms.
236110 Residential building construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction or remodelling and
renovation of single-family and multi-family residential buildings. These establishments include residential housing
general contractors, operative builders and remodellers of residential structures, residential project construction
management firms, and residential design-build firms.
Illustrative example(s)
• additions, alterations and renovations, residential buildings
• apartment building, construction
• construction management, new residential operative builders
• cottages construction
• fire and flood restoration of residential homes, by general contractors
• handyman construction services, residential buildings
• home builders, operative
• house construction by custom home builders
• log home, construction
• modular housing assembly and installation on site, construction
Exclusion(s)
• performing specialized construction work on houses and other residential buildings, generally on a
subcontract basis (see 238 Specialty trade contractors)
• performing manufactured (mobile) home set-up and tie-down work (see 238990 All other specialty trade
contractors)
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• constructing and leasing residential buildings on their own account (see 53111 Lessors of residential
buildings and dwellings)
2362 Non-residential building construction
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction (including new work, additions
and major alterations) of industrial, commercial and institutional buildings. This industry group includes
non-residential general contractors, non-residential operative builders, non-residential design-build firms, and
non-residential construction management firms.
23621 Industrial building and structure construction
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction (including new work, additions and
major alterations) of industrial buildings (except warehouses). The construction of selected additional structures,
whose production processes are similar to those for industrial buildings (e.g., incinerators, cement plants, blast
furnaces, and similar non-building structures), is included in this industry. Included in this industry are industrial
building general contractors, industrial building operative builders, industry building design-build firms, and industrial
building construction management firms.
236210 Industrial building and structure construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction (including new work,
additions and major alterations) of industrial buildings (except warehouses). The construction of selected additional
structures, whose production processes are similar to those for industrial buildings (e.g., incinerators, cement
plants, blast furnaces, and similar non-building structures), is included in this industry. Included in this industry are
industrial building general contractors, industrial building operative builders, industry building design-build firms, and
industrial building construction management firms.
Illustrative example(s)
• assembly plant (e.g., automobile and truck) construction
• cement plants, construction
• industrial building or plant construction, general contractors
• industrial incinerators, furnaces, blast furnaces and kiln construction, general contractors
• materials recovery facilities, construction
Exclusion(s)
• constructing warehouses (see 236220 Commercial and institutional building construction)
• constructing water treatment plants, sewage treatment plants, and pumping stations for water and sewer
systems (see 237110 Water and sewer line and related structures construction)
• constructing oil refineries and petrochemical plants (see 237120 Oil and gas pipeline and related
structures construction)
• constructing power generation plants (except hydroelectric) (see 237130 Power and communication line
and related structures construction)
• performing specialized construction work on industrial buildings, generally on a subcontract basis (see 238
Specialty trade contractors)
23622 Commercial and institutional building construction
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction (including new work, additions and
major alterations) of commercial and institutional buildings and related structures, such as stadiums, grain
elevators, and indoor swimming pools. This industry includes establishments responsible for the on-site assembly
of modular or prefabricated commercial and institutional buildings. Included in this industry are commercial and
institutional building general contractors, commercial and institutional building operative builders, commercial and
institutional building design-build firms, and commercial and institutional building construction management firms.
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236220 Commercial and institutional building construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction (including new work,
additions and major alterations) of commercial and institutional buildings and related structures, such as stadiums,
grain elevators, and indoor swimming pools. This industry includes establishments responsible for the on-site
assembly of modular or prefabricated commercial and institutional buildings. Included in this industry are
commercial and institutional building general contractors, commercial and institutional building operative builders,
commercial and institutional building design-build firms, and commercial and institutional building construction
management firms.
Illustrative example(s)
• hotels and motels construction
• institutional buildings construction (e.g., educational buildings, hospitals, libraries)
• office buildings and complexes, construction
• public warehouse construction
• religious buildings construction (e.g., churches, synagogues, temples, mausoleums)
• sports facilities, recreational (e.g., arenas, indoor gymnasium and tennis courts), construction
• transportation facilities building construction (e.g., bus shelter, terminals, hangars, stations)
Exclusion(s)
• constructing structures that are integral parts of utility systems (e.g., storage tanks, pumping stations) or
are used to produce products for these systems (e.g., power plants, refineries) (see 2371 Utility system
construction)
• performing specialized construction work on commercial and institutional buildings generally on a
subcontract basis (see 238 Specialty trade contractors)
• constructing buildings on their own account for rent or lease (see 5311 Lessors of real estate)
237 Heavy and civil engineering construction
This subsector comprises establishments whose primary activity is the construction of entire engineering projects
(e.g., highways and dams), and specialty trade contractors, whose primary activity is the production of a specific
component for such projects. Establishments may produce new construction, or undertake additions, alterations, or
maintenance and repairs to existing structures and works. Establishments in this subsector are classified based on
the types of structures that they construct.
Specialty trade contractors in this subsector generally provide specialized services of a type related to heavy and
civil engineering construction projects and not normally performed on buildings or building related projects. For
example, specialized equipment is needed to paint lines on highways. This equipment is not normally used in
building applications so the activity is classified in this subsector. Traffic signal installation, while specific to
highways, uses much of the same skills and equipment that are needed for electrical work in building projects and
is therefore classified in subsector 238 Specialty trade contractors.
Construction projects involving water resources (e.g., dredging and land drainage) and projects involving open
space improvement (e.g., parks and trails) are included in this subsector. Establishments whose primary activity is
the subdivision of land into individual building lots usually perform various additional site-improvement activities
(e.g., road building and utility line installation) and are included in this subsector.
Exclusion(s)
• construction activities normally performed on buildings or building related projects (see 238 Specialty trade
contractors)
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2371 Utility system construction
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of distribution lines and related
buildings and structures for utilities (i.e., water, sewer, petroleum, gas, power, and communication). All structures
(including buildings) that are integral parts of utility systems (e.g., storage tanks, pumping stations, power plants,
and refineries) are included in this industry group.
23711 Water and sewer line and related structures construction
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of water and sewer lines, mains,
pumping stations, treatment plants and storage tanks. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction,
rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to water and sewer line and related structures
construction are included. The construction of structures (including buildings) that are integral parts of water and
sewer networks (e.g., storage tanks, pumping stations, water treatment plants, and sewage treatment plants) is
included in this industry.
237110 Water and sewer line and related structures construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of water and sewer lines,
mains, pumping stations, treatment plants and storage tanks. The work performed may include new work,
reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to water and sewer line and related
structures construction are included. The construction of structures (including buildings) that are integral parts of
water and sewer networks (e.g., storage tanks, pumping stations, water treatment plants, and sewage treatment
plants) is included in this industry.
Illustrative example(s)
• distribution line, sewer and water, construction
• pumping stations, water, construction
• sewage treatment plant, construction management
• storm sewers, construction
• water treatment plant construction
Exclusion(s)
• constructing water intake wells in oil and gas fields (see 213118 Services to oil and gas extraction)
• constructing marine facilities (e.g., ports), flood control structures, dams, or hydroelectric power generation
facilities (see 237990 Other heavy and civil engineering construction)
23712 Oil and gas pipeline and related structures construction
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of oil and gas lines, mains, refineries,
and storage tanks. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs.
Specialized trade activities related to oil and gas pipeline and related structures construction are included. The
construction of structures (including buildings) that are integral parts of oil and gas networks (e.g., storage tanks,
pumping stations, and refineries) is included in this industry.
237120 Oil and gas pipeline and related structures construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of oil and gas lines, mains,
refineries, and storage tanks. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs.
Specialized trade activities related to oil and gas pipeline and related structures construction are included. The
construction of structures (including buildings) that are integral parts of oil and gas networks (e.g., storage tanks,
pumping stations, and refineries) is included in this industry.
Illustrative example(s)
• building petrochemical plants
• natural gas processing plant, construction
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oil and gas field distribution line construction
oil refineries and petrochemical complexes, construction management
petroleum refinery, construction
storage tanks, natural gas or oil, construction
Exclusion(s)
• building chemical plants (except petrochemical) and similar process or batch facilities (see 236210
Industrial building and structure construction)
23713 Power and communication line and related structures construction
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of power lines and towers, power
plants (except hydroelectric generating facilities), and radio, television, and telecommunications transmitting and
receiving towers. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized
trade activities related to power and communication line and related structures construction are included. The
construction of structures (including buildings) that are integral parts of power and communication networks (e.g.,
transmitting towers, substations, and power plants) is included.
237130 Power and communication line and related structures construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of power lines and towers,
power plants (except hydroelectric generating facilities), and radio, television, and telecommunications transmitting
et receiving towers. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs.
Specialized trade activities related to power and communication line and related structures construction are
included. The construction of structures (including buildings) that are integral parts of power and communication
networks (e.g., transmitting towers, substations, and power plants) is included.
Illustrative example(s)
• alternative energy (e.g., geothermal, ocean wave, solar and wind) structure construction
• co-generation plant construction
• construction management, power and communication lines and related structures
• electric power transmission lines and towers, construction
• fibre-optic cable transmission lines, construction
• underground cable (e.g., cable television, electricity, and telephone) laying
• utility line (e.g., communication and electric power), construction
Exclusion(s)
• constructing broadcast studios and similar non-residential buildings (see 236220 Commercial and
institutional building construction)
• constructing hydroelectric generating facilities (see 237990 Other heavy and civil engineering construction)
• performing electrical work within buildings (see 238210 Electrical contractors and other wiring installation
contractors)
• line slashing or cutting (except maintenance) (see 238910 Site preparation contractors)
• installing and maintaining telecommunication lines by telecommunication companies (see 517
Telecommunications)
• tree and brush trimming for overhead utility lines (see 561730 Landscaping services)
• locating underground utility lines prior to digging (see 561990 All other support services)
2372 Land subdivision
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in servicing land and subdividing real property into
lots, for subsequent sale to builders. Land subdivision precedes any building activity and may create residential lots,
commercial tracts or industrial parks.
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Servicing of land may include land clearing and excavation work for the installation of roads and utility lines. The
extent of the work may vary from project to project and establishments may perform all the work themselves or
subcontract it out. Establishments that perform only the legal subdivision of land are not included in this industry
group.
23721 Land subdivision
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in servicing land and subdividing real property into lots,
for subsequent sale to builders. Land subdivision precedes any building activity and may create residential lots,
commercial tracts or industrial parks.
Servicing of land may include land clearing and excavation work for the installation of roads and utility lines. The
extent of the work may vary from project to project and establishments may perform all the work themselves or
subcontract it out. Establishments that perform only the legal subdivision of land are not included in this industry.
237210 Land subdivision This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in servicing land and subdividing real property
into lots, for subsequent sale to builders. Land subdivision precedes any building activity and may create residential
lots, commercial tracts or industrial parks.
Servicing of land may include land clearing and excavation work for the installation of roads and utility lines. The
extent of the work may vary from project to project and establishments may perform all the work themselves or
subcontract it out. Establishments that perform only the legal subdivision of land are not included.
Illustrative example(s)
• building lot subdividing, land development
• land (except cemeteries) subdividers
• land servicing (hydro, sewer and water) and land subdivision
• subdividing and servicing land owned by others
Exclusion(s)
• constructing buildings, for sale, on lots they subdivide (see 236 Construction of buildings)
• installing utilities on a subcontract basis for land subdividers (see 2371 Utility system construction)
• installing roads on a subcontract basis for land subdividers (see 237310 Highway, street and bridge
construction)
• preparing land owned by others for building construction (see 238910 Site preparation contractors)
• constructing buildings, for rent or own use, on lots they subdivide (see 5311 Lessors of real estate)
• legal subdivision of land without land preparation is classified elsewhere based on the primary activity of
the establishment
2373 Highway, street and bridge construction
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of highways (including
elevated), streets, roads, airport runways, public sidewalks, or bridges. The work performed may include new work,
reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to highway, street, and bridge
construction (e.g., installing guardrails on highways) are included.
23731 Highway, street and bridge construction
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of highways (including elevated),
streets, roads, airport runways, public sidewalks, or bridges. The work performed may include new work,
reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to highway, street, and bridge
construction (e.g., installing guardrails on highways) are included.
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237310 Highway, street and bridge construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of highways (including
elevated), streets, roads, airport runways, public sidewalks, or bridges. The work performed may include new work,
reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to highway, street, and bridge
construction (e.g., installing guardrails on highways) are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• bridge, construction
• guardrail construction on highways
• highway, road, street and bridge, construction management
• painting or marking lines (e.g., parking lots, highway lines, traffic lanes)
• repairing highways, roads, streets, or airport runways
• resurfacing and surfacing highways, roads, streets, bridges or airport runways
• sign erection (e.g., highway, street, road, bridge) contractors
Exclusion(s)
• constructing tunnels (see 237990 Other heavy and civil engineering construction)
• highway lighting and signal installation (see 238210 Electrical contractors and other wiring installation
contractors)
• painting bridges (see 238320 Painting and wall covering contractors)
• constructing parking lots and private driveways and sidewalks, or erecting billboards (see 238990 All other
specialty trade contractors)
2379 Other heavy and civil engineering construction
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
constructing heavy and civil engineering works. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction,
rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to these civil engineering construction projects (such
as marine pile driving) are included. Construction projects involving water resources (e.g., dredging and land
drainage), development of marine facilities, and open space recreational construction projects (e.g., parks and
trails) are included in this industry.
23799 Other heavy and civil engineering construction
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in constructing
heavy and civil engineering works. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and
repairs. Specialized trade activities related to these civil engineering construction projects (such as marine pile
driving) are included. Construction projects involving water resources (e.g., dredging and land drainage),
development of marine facilities, and open space recreational construction projects (e.g., parks and trails) are
included in this industry.
237990 Other heavy and civil engineering construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in constructing heavy and civil engineering works. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction,
rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to these civil engineering construction projects (such
as marine pile driving) are included. Construction projects involving water resources (e.g., dredging and land
drainage), development of marine facilities, and open space recreational construction projects (e.g., parks and
trails) are included in this industry.
Illustrative example(s)
• civil engineering (recreational) construction (e.g., golf course, playground, sports field/facilities)
• civil engineering (recreational) construction (e.g., indoor ice rink, outdoor tennis court)
• docks, piers and wharves, construction
• earth retention system construction
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flood control project construction
harbour and port facility construction
hydroelectric power plant construction
light rail system construction
miscellaneous heavy and civil engineering construction, construction management
nuclear waste disposal site construction
subway construction
tunnel construction
Exclusion(s)
• constructing water mains, sewers, and related structures (see 237110 Water and sewer line and related
structures construction)
• constructing oil and gas pipelines and related structures (see 237120 Oil and gas pipeline and related
structures construction)
• constructing power and communication transmission lines and related structures (see 237130 Power and
communication line and related structures construction)
• constructing highways, streets, and bridges (see 237310 Highway, street and bridge construction)
• trenching (except underwater) (see 238910 Site preparation contractors)
238 Specialty trade contractors
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in trade activities generally needed in the construction
of buildings and structures, such as masonry, painting, or electrical work. The work performed may include new
work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs. Specialty trade contractors usually work under contract to
general contractors or operative builders to carry out a component of an overall project. However, they may contract
directly with the owner of the property, especially in renovation and repair construction.
Not all specialized trade activities are classified in this subsector. In order to conform to the generally accepted
distinctions made by construction businesses themselves, some types of specialized establishments involved in
heavy and civil engineering construction are classified in subsector 237 Heavy and civil engineering construction.
Usually most of the work is carried out at the construction site. Some trade contractors operate shops in which they
carry out job-specific prefabrication and other work. However, establishments that manufacture structural
components such as steel and pre-cast concrete, or that manufacture building equipment such as boilers and
elevators, are classified in sector 31-33 Manufacturing even if they install these goods themselves.
The specialized activities classified in this subsector range from the initial site preparation for new construction,
through the construction of building foundations and structures, the installation of building equipment and systems,
to the finishing of buildings and other structures.
Exclusion(s)
• providing specialized services of a type related to heavy and civil engineering construction, and not
normally performed on buildings or building-related projects (see 237 Heavy and civil engineering
construction)
• wholesaling construction materials (see 41 Wholesale trade)
• retailing construction materials (see 44-45 Retail trade)
2381 Foundation, structure, and building exterior contractors
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the specialty trades needed to complete the
basic structure (i.e., foundation, frame, and shell) of buildings. The work performed may include new work,
additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
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23811 Poured concrete foundation and structure contractors
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in pouring and finishing concrete foundations and
structural elements. This industry also includes establishments performing grout and shotcrete work. The work
performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
238110 Poured concrete foundation and structure contractors
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in pouring and finishing concrete foundations
and structural elements. This industry also includes establishments performing grout and shotcrete work. The work
performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• concrete footing and foundation contractors
• concrete resurfacing
• mud-jacking contractors
• retaining walls, poured concrete, construction
• shotcrete contractors
Exclusion(s)
• constructing or paving streets, highways, and public sidewalks (see 237310 Highway, street and bridge
construction)
• erecting and dismantling forms for poured concrete (see 238190 Other foundation, structure and building
exterior contractors)
• concrete sealing, coating, waterproofing, or dampproofing (see 238390 Other building finishing
contractors)
• paving residential driveways, commercial parking lots, and other private parking (see 238990 All other
specialty trade contractors)
23812 Structural steel and precast concrete contractors
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in: (1) erecting and assembling structural parts made
from steel or precast concrete (e.g., steel beams, structural steel components, and similar products of precast
concrete); and/or (2) assembling and installing other steel construction products (e.g., steel rods, bars, rebar, mesh,
and cages) to reinforce poured-in-place concrete. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations,
maintenance, and repairs.
238120 Structural steel and precast concrete contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in: (1) erecting and assembling structural parts
made from steel or precast concrete (e.g., steel beams, structural steel components, and similar products of precast
concrete); and/or (2) assembling and installing other steel construction products (e.g., steel rods, bars, rebar, mesh,
and cages) to reinforce poured-in-place concrete. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations,
maintenance, and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• balconies, precast, concrete, installation
• reinforcing rods, bars, mesh and cage, installation
• reinforcing steel contractors
• structural steel erection, contractors
Exclusion(s)
• pouring concrete at the construction site for building foundations or structural elements (see 238110
Poured concrete foundation and structure contractors)
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23813 Framing contractors This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in structural framing and sheathing using materials other
than structural steel or concrete. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance,
and repairs.
238130 Framing contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in structural framing and sheathing using
materials other than structural steel or concrete. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations,
maintenance, and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• building framing (except structural steel), installation
• post framing contractors
• prefabricated wood frame components (e.g., trusses), installation
• stud walls, wood or steel, installation
• wood frame components (e.g., truss), fabrication on site
Exclusion(s)
• installing structural steel framing or precast concrete framing (see 238120 Structural steel and precast
concrete contractors)
• constructing brick, block, stone foundations (see 238140 Masonry contractors)
• finish carpentry (see 238350 Finish carpentry contractors)
23814 Masonry contractors This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in masonry work, stone setting, brick laying, and other
stone work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
238140 Masonry contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in masonry work, stone setting, brick laying,
and other stone work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• bricklaying, contractors
• cement block laying
• field stone, installation
• glass block laying
• masonry contractors
• masonry pointing, cleaning or caulking
• retaining wall construction, block, stone, or brick, contractors
Exclusion(s)
• erecting the basic structure of buildings by pouring concrete (see 238110 Poured concrete foundation and
structure contractors)
• interior marble, granite and slate work (see 238340 Tile and terrazzo contractors)
• laying precast stones or bricks for patios, sidewalks, and driveways; or paving residential driveways,
commercial parking lots and other private parking (see 238990 All other specialty trade contractors)
23815 Glass and glazing contractors This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing glass panes in prepared openings (i.e.,
glazing work) and other glass work for buildings. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations,
maintenance, and repairs.
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238150 Glass and glazing contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing glass panes in prepared openings
(i.e., glazing work) and other glass work for buildings. The work performed may include new work, additions,
alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• curtain wall, glass, installation
• glass cladding installation
• glass installation (except automotive), contractors
• glass tinting, construction
• glazing work, contractors
• hermetically sealed window units, commercial type, installation
• stained glass, installation
Exclusion(s)
• installing prefabricated window units (see 238350 Finish carpentry contractors)
• replacement, repair, and/or tinting of automotive glass (see 811122 Automotive glass replacement shops)
23816 Roofing contractors This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in roofing. This industry also includes establishments
treating roofs (i.e., spraying, painting, or coating) and installing skylights. The work performed may include new
work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
238160 Roofing contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in roofing. This industry also includes
establishments treating roofs (i.e., spraying, painting, or coating) and installing skylights. The work performed may
include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• asphalt roof shingles, installation
• painting, spraying or coating of roofs
• roof membrane, installation
• roofing installation
• sheet metal roofing, installation
• skylights, installation
Exclusion(s)
• installing roof trusses and sheathing attached to trusses (see 238130 Framing contractors)
• installing downspouts, gutters, fascia, and soffits (see 238170 Siding contractors)
23817 Siding contractors This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing siding of wood, aluminum, vinyl or other
exterior finish material (except brick, stone, stucco, or curtain wall). This industry also includes establishments
installing eavestroughs, gutters and downspouts. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations,
maintenance, and repairs.
238170 Siding contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing siding of wood, aluminum, vinyl or
other exterior finish material (except brick, stone, stucco, or curtain wall). This industry also includes establishments
installing eavestroughs, gutters and downspouts. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations,
maintenance, and repairs.
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Illustrative example(s)
• eavestroughing, contractors
• fascia and soffit, metal and plastic, installation
• siding, contractors (installation and repair)
• vinyl siding, soffit and fascia, installation
• wood siding, installation
Exclusion(s)
• installing brick, stone, or stucco building exterior finish materials (see 238140 Masonry contractors)
• installing curtain wall (see 238190 Other foundation, structure and building exterior contractors)
• installing sheet metal duct work (see 238220 Plumbing, heating and air-conditioning contractors)
23819 Other foundation, structure and building exterior contractors This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in foundation,
structure and building exterior trades work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations,
maintenance, and repairs.
238190 Other foundation, structure and building exterior contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in foundation, structure and building exterior trades work. The work performed may include new work, additions,
alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• awning installation
• balconies, metal, installation
• cathodic protection, installation
• ornamental metal work, installation, contractors
• store fronts, metal or metal frame, installation
• welding contractors, operating at site of construction
Exclusion(s)
• poured concrete foundation and structure work (see 238110 Poured concrete foundation and structure
contractors)
• erecting and assembling structural parts made from steel or precast concrete (see 238120 Structural steel
and precast concrete contractors)
• framing buildings (see 238130 Framing contractors)
• masonry work (see 238140 Masonry contractors)
• glass and glazing work (see 238150 Glass and glazing contractors)
• installing or repairing roofs (see 238160 Roofing contractors)
• installing siding (see 238170 Siding contractors)
• fireproofing buildings contractors (see 238310 Drywall and insulation contractors)
2382 Building equipment contractors
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing or servicing equipment that forms part
of a building mechanical system (e.g., electricity, water, heating, and cooling). The work performed may include new
work, additions, alterations, or maintenance and repairs. Contractors installing specialized building equipment, such
as elevators, escalators, service station equipment, and central vacuum cleaning systems are also included.
23821 Electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing or servicing electrical wiring and equipment.
Electrical contractors included in this industry may include both the parts and labour when performing work.
Electrical contractors may perform new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
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238210 Electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing or servicing electrical wiring and
equipment. Electrical contractors included in this industry may include both the parts and labour when performing
work. Electrical contractors may perform new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• airport runway lighting contractors
• building automation systems, contractors
• computer and network cable installation
• electrical installation of environmental control systems for temperature and humidity
• electrical wiring contractors
• highway lighting and electrical signal construction, contractors
• home automation system installation
• lighting systems, electric, installation
• security and fire systems, installation only
• smoke sensors electrical installation
• traffic signal installation
• tunnel lighting contractors
Exclusion(s)
• constructing power and communication transmission lines (see 237130 Power and communication line
and related structures construction)
• burglar and fire alarm installation combined with sales, maintenance, or monitoring services (see 561621
Security systems services (except locksmiths))
23822 Plumbing, heating and air-conditioning contractors
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing or servicing plumbing, heating, and
air-conditioning equipment. Contractors in this industry may provide both parts and labour when performing work.
The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
238220 Plumbing, heating and air-conditioning contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing or servicing plumbing, heating,
and air-conditioning equipment. Contractors in this industry may provide both parts and labour when performing
work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• air-conditioning systems, installation or repair
• duct work (e.g., heating, cooling, exhaust, dust collection), installation
• furnace conversion from one fuel to another
• heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC ) contractors
• industrial process piping installation
• installation of cooling towers and other industrial or commercial cooling equipment
• natural gas piping, installation
• sprinkler systems, lawn and garden, installation
• water heater installation
Exclusion(s)
• installing electrical controls for HVAC systems (see 238210 Electrical contractors and other wiring
installation contractors)
• duct cleaning (see 561791 Duct and chimney cleaning services)
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23829 Other building equipment contractors
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in installing or
servicing building equipment. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and
repairs.
238291 Elevator and escalator installation contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing or servicing elevators and
escalators, moving sidewalks and similar conveying equipment in buildings. The work performed may include new
work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• elevator, escalator and moving sidewalk installation and repair, contractors
238299 All other building equipment contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in installing or servicing building equipment. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations,
maintenance, and repairs. Some examples of work done by these establishments are boiler and pipe installation,
dismantling large-scale machinery and equipment, and installation of built-in vacuum cleaning systems.
Illustrative example(s)
• antennas, household type, installation
• automated teller machine (ATM) installation
• commercial and industrial type door installation (e.g., overhead, industrial garage, rubber or steel,
automated or revolving)
• lightning rods and conductors, installation
• mechanical equipment insulation (e.g., thermal pipe covering, heater boiler jackets)
• metallurgy machinery, installation
• power boilers, purchased, erection
• specialized medical machinery, installation
• vacuum cleaning systems, built-in, contractors
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing of industrial equipment with incidental installation (see 31-33 Manufacturing)
• repair and maintenance of commercial refrigeration equipment (see 811310 Commercial and industrial
machinery and equipment (except automotive and electronic) repair and maintenance)
2383 Building finishing contractors
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the specialty trades needed to finish buildings.
The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, or maintenance and repairs.
23831 Drywall and insulation contractors
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in drywall, plaster work, and building insulation work.
Plaster work includes applying plain or ornamental plaster, and installation of lath to receive plaster. The work
performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
238310 Drywall and insulation contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in drywall, plaster work, and building insulation
work. Plaster work includes applying plain or ornamental plaster, and installation of lath to receive plaster. The work
performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
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Illustrative example(s)
• drywall installation, including the hanging of drywall, sheetrock, plasterboard, gypsum wallboard and
subsequent finishing
• fireproof flooring construction, contractors
• fireproofing buildings, contractor
• fresco work (i.e., decorative plaster finishing) contractors
• insulation work (e.g., building, roof) contractors
• plastering (e.g., ornamental, plain), contractors
• soundproofing contractors
Exclusion(s)
• applying stucco (see 238140 Masonry contractors)
• insulating pipes and boilers (see 238299 All other building equipment contractors)
23832 Painting and wall covering contractors
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in painting, paperhanging and decorating in buildings
and painting heavy (engineering) structures. Paint or paper stripping, including sandblasting when it is an incidental
part of surface preparation by paint and wall covering contractors, is included in this industry. The work performed
may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
238320 Painting and wall covering contractors
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in painting, paperhanging and decorating in
buildings and painting heavy (engineering) structures. Paint or paper stripping, including sandblasting when it is an
incidental part of surface preparation by paint and wall covering contractors, is included in this industry. The work
performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• bridge painting
• residential house painting, including interior or exterior
• rustproofing contractor, buildings and structures (except automotive)
• wall covering or removal contractors
Exclusion(s)
• painting lines on highways, streets, and parking lots (see 237310 Highway, street and bridge construction)
• roof painting (see 238160 Roofing contractors)
• installing wood panelling (see 238350 Finish carpentry contractors)
• sandblasting building exteriors (see 238990 All other specialty trade contractors)
23833 Flooring contractors
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the installation of resilient floor tile, carpeting,
linoleum, and hardwood flooring. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance,
and repairs.
238330 Flooring contractors
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the installation of resilient floor tile,
carpeting, linoleum, and hardwood flooring. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations,
maintenance, and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• carpet installation only
• computer flooring installation
• floor laying, scraping, finishing and refinishing, including painting, contractors
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• hardwood flooring, installation
• vinyl floor tile and sheet installation, contractors
• wood floor finishing (e.g., coating, sanding)
Exclusion(s)
• laying concrete flooring (see 238110 Poured concrete foundation and structure contractors)
• fireproof flooring, construction contractors (see 238310 Drywall and insulation contractors)
• installing stone or ceramic floor tile (see 238340 Tile and terrazzo contractors)
• retailing and installing carpet and other flooring products, except stone or ceramic tile (see 442210 Floor
covering stores)
23834 Tile and terrazzo contractors
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in setting and installing ceramic tile, stone (interior only),
and mosaic and/or mixing marble particles and cement to make terrazzo at the job site. The work performed may
include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
238340 Tile and terrazzo contractors
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in setting and installing ceramic tile, stone
(interior only), and mosaic and/or mixing marble particles and cement to make terrazzo at the job site. The work
performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• ceramic tile, installation
• mantel work (stone) installation
• marble, granite and slate work (interior), contractors
• stone flooring, installation
• terrazzo, pouring, setting and finishing
Exclusion(s)
• exterior marble, granite, and slate work (see 238140 Masonry contractors)
• manufacturing precast terrazzo products (see 327390 Other concrete product manufacturing)
23835 Finish carpentry contractors
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in finish carpentry work. The work performed may
include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
238350 Finish carpentry contractors
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in finish carpentry work. The work performed
may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• carpentry work (except framing)
• garage door, wooden, installation
• kitchen cabinets and counters, constructed on site
• millwork installation
• moulding or trim, wood or plastic, installation
• shelving, wood, constructed on site
Exclusion(s)
• framing (see 238130 Framing contractors)
• installing skylights (see 238160 Roofing contractors)
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• building custom kitchen and bath cabinets (except free standing) in a shop (see 337110 Wood kitchen
cabinet and counter top manufacturing)
23839 Other building finishing contractors
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in building finishing
trade work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, or maintenance and repairs.
238390 Other building finishing contractors
This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in building finishing trade work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, or maintenance
and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• bath tub refinishing, on site
• building fixtures and fittings (except mechanical equipment), installation
• closet organizer system installation
• concrete coating, glazing or sealing
• modular furniture system attachment and installation
• trade show exhibit installation and dismantling
• weatherstripping installation
Exclusion(s)
• installing drywall, plaster or insulation (see 238310 Drywall and insulation contractors)
• applying or removing paint or wall coverings (see 238320 Painting and wall covering contractors)
• installing or repairing wood floors, resilient flooring, and carpet (see 238330 Flooring contractors)
• setting tile or performing terrazzo work (see 238340 Tile and terrazzo contractors)
• finish carpentry (see 238350 Finish carpentry contractors)
2389 Other specialty trade contractors
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in site
preparation activities and other specialized trade activities such as crane rental with operator, fence installation,
sandblasting building exteriors and steeplejack work. The work performed may include new work, additions,
alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
23891 Site preparation contractors
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in site preparation activities, such as excavating and
grading, demolition of buildings and other structures, and septic system installation. Earth moving and land clearing
for all types of sites, except mine site overburden removal, is included in this industry. Establishments primarily
engaged in construction equipment rental with operator (except cranes) are also included.
238910 Site preparation contractors
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in site preparation activities, such as
excavating and grading, demolition of buildings and other structures, and septic system installation. Earth moving
and land clearing for all types of sites, except mine site overburden removal, is included in this industry.
Establishments primarily engaged in construction equipment rental with operator (except cranes) are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• blast hole drilling (except mining)
• blasting and trenching, construction site
• building demolition
• construction equipment (except cranes) rental with operator
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digging foundations
excavating contractors
foundation drilling contractors
land clearing, contractors
pile driving, contractors
power, communication and pipe lines, rights of way clearance (except maintenance)
septic tanks and weeping tile, installation
Exclusion(s)
• dismantling tanks in oil fields (see 213118 Services to oil and gas extraction)
• drilling oil and gas field water intake wells (see 213118 Services to oil and gas extraction)
• overburden removal (see 213119 Other support activities for mining)
• earth retention or underwater trenching (see 237990 Other heavy and civil engineering construction)
• crane rental with operator (see 238990 All other specialty trade contractors)
• construction equipment rental without an operator (see 532410 Construction, transportation, mining, and
forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing)
• tree and brush trimming for overhead utility lines (see 561730 Landscaping services)
• nuclear power plant decommissioning and environmental remediation work, such as the removal of
underground steel tanks for hazardous materials (see 562910 Remediation services)
23899 All other specialty trade contractors
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in specialized
construction trades. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.
238990 All other specialty trade contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in
specialized construction trades. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance,
and repairs.
Illustrative example(s)
• brick pavers (e.g., driveways, patios and sidewalks), installation
• cleaning building interiors during and immediately after construction
• concrete patio, construction
• crane rental with operator
• radon mitigation contractors
• sand blasting building exteriors
• scaffolds, erecting and dismantling
• sign erection and maintenance on building
• steeplejack work
• tank lining contractors
Exclusion(s)
• paving public highways, streets, and roads (see 237310 Highway, street and bridge construction)
• foundation, structure, and building exterior work (see 2381 Foundation, structure, and building exterior
contractors)
• installing, repairing, or maintaining building mechanical systems (see 2382 Building equipment
contractors)
• finishing buildings (see 2383 Building finishing contractors)
• construction equipment rental with an operator (except cranes) or preparing land for building construction
(see 238910 Site preparation contractors)
• construction equipment rental without an operator (see 532410 Construction, transportation, mining, and
forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing)
• radon testing (see 541380 Testing laboratories)
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• power washing and other building exterior cleaning (except sandblasting) (see 561799 All other services to
buildings and dwellings)
• environmental remediation work, such as asbestos abatement (see 562910 Remediation services)
31-33 Manufacturing
This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the chemical, mechanical or physical transformation of
materials or substances into new products. These products may be finished, in the sense that they are ready to be
used or consumed, or semi-finished, in the sense of becoming a raw material for an establishment to use in further
manufacturing. Related activities, such as the assembly of the component parts of manufactured goods; the
blending of materials; and the finishing of manufactured products by dyeing, heat-treating, plating and similar
operations are also treated as manufacturing activities. Manufacturing establishments are known by a variety of
trade designations, such as plants, factories or mills.
Manufacturing establishments may own the materials which they transform or they may transform materials owned
by other establishments. Manufacturing may take place in factories or in workers' homes, using either machinery or
hand tools.
Factoryless goods producers (FGPs) that completely outsource the transformation process but own the input
materials are classified to the manufacturing sector. FGPs that completely outsource the transformation process but
do not own the materials are classified to merchant wholesalers in Sector 41 Wholesale trade. These units are in
fact buying the completed goods from the producer with the intention to resell it. These units may design the goods
being manufactured, and may have some say in the manufacturing process.
Certain activities involving the transformation of goods are classified in other sectors. Some examples are
post-harvest activities of agricultural establishments, such as crop drying; logging; the beneficiating of mineral ores;
the production of structures by construction establishments; and various activities conducted by retailers, such as
meat cutting and the assembly of products such as bicycles and computers.
Sales branches or offices (but not retail stores) maintained by manufacturing, refining, or mining enterprises apart
from their plants or mines for the purpose of marketing their products are included in Sector 41 Wholesale trade as
merchant wholesalers.
311 Food manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing food for human or animal consumption.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing beverages or tobacco (see 312 Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing)
3111 Animal food manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing food and feed for animals,
including pets.
31111 Animal food manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing food and feed for animals, including
pets.
Exclusion(s)
• slaughtering animals for feed (see 311611 Animal (except poultry) slaughtering)
• manufacturing hormones or other pharmaceutical products for use in animal feed (see 325410
Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing)
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311111 Dog and cat food manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dog and cat food.
Illustrative example(s)
• dog and cat feed supplements, manufacturing
• dog and cat food from purchased meat and poultry, manufacturing
• dog and cat pet food, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• slaughtering animals for feed (see 311611 Animal (except poultry) slaughtering)
• slaughtering poultry for dog and cat food (see 311615 Poultry processing)
311119 Other animal food manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing animal food.
Illustrative example(s)
• animal feeds, supplements and concentrates, manufacturing
• complete livestock feed, manufacturing
• micro and macro feed premixes for animals (except dogs and cats), manufacturing
• milling grain to make livestock feed
• pet food (except dogs and cats), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing hormones or other pharmaceutical products for use in animal feed (see 325410
Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing)
3112 Grain and oilseed milling
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in milling grains and oilseeds; refining and
blending fats and oils; and making breakfast cereal products.
Exclusion(s)
• milling grain to make animal feed (see 3111 Animal food manufacturing)
31121 Flour milling and malt manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in grinding grains or vegetables; milling, cleaning and
polishing rice; or manufacturing malt. Integrated mills, which grind grain and further process the milling products into
such products as prepared flour mixes or doughs, are included.
Exclusion(s)
• milling grain to make animal feed (see 31111 Animal food manufacturing)
• crushing oilseeds or wet-milling corn (see 31122 Starch and vegetable fat and oil manufacturing)
• milling grain to make breakfast cereals (see 31123 Breakfast cereal manufacturing)
• manufacturing prepared flour mixes or doughs from purchased flour (see 31182 Cookie, cracker and pasta
manufacturing)
• mixing purchased rice with other dried ingredients (see 311990 All other food manufacturing)
• brewing malt beverages (see 312120 Breweries)
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311211 Flour milling This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in grinding grains, fruits or vegetables, except
rice. Integrated mills, which grind grain and further process the milling products into such products as prepared flour
mixes or doughs, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• doughs, prepared, made in flour mills
• flour (e.g., vegetable, buckwheat, corn, durum, graham, barley), manufacturing
• flour mixes (e.g., pancake, cake, biscuit, doughnut), made in flour mills
• fruit flour, meal and powders, manufacturing
• grain mills (except rice, breakfast cereal and animal feed)
Exclusion(s)
• milling grain to make animal feed (see 31111 Animal food manufacturing)
• wet-milling corn and other vegetables (see 311221 Wet corn milling)
• crushing oilseeds (see 311224 Oilseed processing)
• milling grain to make breakfast cereals (see 311230 Breakfast cereal manufacturing)
• manufacturing prepared flour mixes or doughs from purchased flour (see 311824 Flour mixes, dough, and
pasta manufacturing from purchased flour)
311214 Rice milling and malt manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in milling rice; cleaning and polishing rice;
manufacturing rice flour or meal; or manufacturing malt from barley, rye or other grains.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing malt extract (see 311940 Seasoning and dressing manufacturing)
• mixing rice with other dried ingredients (see 311990 All other food manufacturing)
• brewing malt beverages (see 312120 Breweries)
31122 Starch and vegetable fat and oil manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wet-milling corn and vegetables; crushing oilseeds
and tree nuts and extracting oils; or processing or blending purchased fats and oils.
Exclusion(s)
• grinding flour and edible meal from grains and vegetables (see 31121 Flour milling and malt
manufacturing)
• manufacturing butter (see 311515 Butter, cheese, and dry and condensed dairy product manufacturing)
• manufacturing lard (see 31161 Animal slaughtering and processing)
• processing marine fats and oils (see 311710 Seafood product preparation and packaging)
• manufacturing table syrups from corn syrup, and starch-based dessert powders (see 311990 All other food
manufacturing)
• manufacturing ethyl alcohol by the wet-mill process (see 325190 Other basic organic chemical
manufacturing)
311221 Wet corn milling This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wet-milling corn and other vegetables.
Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing starch are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• cooking oil, made by wet-milling corn
• corn gluten feed and meal, manufacturing
• corn sweeteners (e.g., dextrose, fructose, glucose), made by wet-milling corn
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corn syrup, made by wet-milling corn
maltodextrins and gluten, manufacturing
margarine and other corn oils, made by wet-milling corn
starches (i.e., root, rice, potato, grain, corn or vegetable) (except laundry), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• reducing maple sap to maple syrup (see 111999 All other miscellaneous crop farming)
• grinding (dry-milling) corn (see 311211 Flour milling)
• manufacturing table syrups from corn syrup; and starch-based dessert powders (see 311990 All other food
manufacturing)
• manufacturing ethyl alcohol by the wet-mill process (see 325190 Other basic organic chemical
manufacturing)
311224 Oilseed processing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in crushing oilseeds and tree nuts and
extracting oils. Both edible and inedible products may be produced.
Illustrative example(s)
• cake, meal and oil (e.g., canola, palm-kernel, peanut, cottonseed oil, sunflower seed, linseed), made in
crushing mills
• oilseed crushing mills
• shortening, cooking and vegetable oils, made in oilseed crushing mills
• soybean oil mills
• soybean protein concentrates, manufacturing
• tree nut oils (e.g., tung, walnut), made in crushing mills
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing corn oil by wet corn milling (see 311221 Wet corn milling)
• processing purchased vegetable oils (see 311225 Fat and oil refining and blending)
311225 Fat and oil refining and blending This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fats and oils by processing
crude or partially refined oils, for example deodorizing them; or blending purchased fats and oils. Both edible and
inedible products may be produced. Both animal and vegetable fats and oils may be used.
Illustrative example(s)
• blending purchased fats and oils
• cooking oil, made from purchased fats and oils
• fat and oil refining and blending
• hydrogenating purchased oils
• margarine (including imitation), made from purchased fats and oils
• re-refining purchased fats and oils
• shortening, made from purchased fats and oils
• tree nut oils (e.g., tung, walnut), made from purchased oils
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing corn oil by wet corn milling (see 311221 Wet corn milling)
• manufacturing vegetable fats and oils by crushing oilseeds (see 311224 Oilseed processing)
• manufacturing butter (see 311515 Butter, cheese, and dry and condensed dairy product manufacturing)
• lard and tallow produced in slaughtering plants (see 311611 Animal (except poultry) slaughtering)
• manufacturing lard made from purchased fat (see 311614 Rendering and meat processing from
carcasses)
• processing marine fats and oils (see 311710 Seafood product preparation and packaging)
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31123 Breakfast cereal manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing breakfast cereal foods.
311230 Breakfast cereal manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing breakfast cereal foods.
Illustrative example(s)
• breakfast cereal (e.g., oats, corn, hominy grits, wheat, rice), manufacturing
• granola breakfast cereal (except bars and clusters), manufacturing
• instant cereal beverage, manufacturing
• ready-to-serve breakfast and instant hot cereal foods, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing granola and breakfast bars, except chocolate-coated (see 311340 Non-chocolate
confectionery manufacturing)
• manufacturing chocolate-coated granola and breakfast bars (see 311352 Confectionery manufacturing
from purchased chocolate)
3113 Sugar and confectionery product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing sugar and confectionery
products.
31131 Sugar manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing raw sugar, sugar syrup and refined
sugar from sugar cane, raw cane sugar or sugar beets.
311310 Sugar manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing raw sugar, sugar syrup and
refined sugar from sugar cane, raw cane sugar or sugar beets.
Illustrative example(s)
• cane or beet sugar refining
• confectioners' sugar, manufacturing
• invert sugar, manufacturing
• molasses, manufacturing
• sugar (e.g., granulated, liquid, powdered), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing artificial sweeteners, such as aspartame and saccharine (see 325190 Other basic organic
chemical manufacturing)
31134 Non-chocolate confectionery manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-chocolate confectionery.
311340 Non-chocolate confectionery manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-chocolate confectionery.
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Illustrative example(s)
• candied fruit and fruit peel products (e.g., candied, glazed, crystallized), manufacturing
• candy (except chocolate), manufacturing
• chewing gum, manufacturing
• cough drops or lozenges (except medicated), manufacturing
• granola bars and clusters (except chocolate-coated), manufacturing
• marshmallows, manufacturing
• nuts, covered (except chocolate covered), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• roasting, salting, drying, cooking or canning nuts and seeds (see 31191 Snack food manufacturing)
31135 Chocolate and chocolate confectionery manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing chocolate and chocolate confectionery
from cacao beans or purchased chocolate.
311351 Chocolate and chocolate confectionery manufacturing from cacao beans This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in shelling, roasting and grinding cacao beans
into chocolate cacao products and chocolate confectionery.
Illustrative example(s)
• chocolate (e.g., coatings, instant, liquor, syrup, cooking), made from cacao beans
• chocolate candy (including chocolate-covered), made from cacao beans
• chocolate confectionery (e.g., bars, fudge, syrup), made from cacao beans
• chocolate covered nuts, made from cacao beans
• cocoa (e.g., instant, mix, powdered), made from cacao beans
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing chocolate and chocolate confectionery from purchased chocolate (see 311352
Confectionery manufacturing from purchased chocolate)
311352 Confectionery manufacturing from purchased chocolate This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing chocolate confectionery from
purchased chocolate.
Illustrative example(s)
• candy, chocolate, made from purchased chocolate
• chocolate (e.g., coatings, liquor, syrup, baking), made from purchased chocolate
• chocolate bars, made from purchased chocolate
• chocolate confectionery, made from purchased chocolate
• chocolate-covered granola bars, made from purchased chocolate
• drinks, cocoa powder or chocolate instant, made from purchased chocolate
• fudge, chocolate, made from purchased chocolate
• nuts, chocolate-covered, made from purchased chocolate
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing chocolate confectionery from cacao beans (see 311351 Chocolate and chocolate
confectionery manufacturing from cacao beans)
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3114 Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty food manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing frozen fruits and vegetables;
frozen entrées and side dishes of several ingredients, except seafood; and fruits and vegetables preserved by
pickling, canning, dehydrating and similar processes.
31141 Frozen food manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing frozen fruits and vegetables; and frozen
dinners and side dishes of several ingredients, except seafood.
311410 Frozen food manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing frozen fruits and vegetables;
and frozen dinners and side dishes of several ingredients, except seafood.
Illustrative example(s)
• blast freezing, on a contract basis
• concentrates, frozen fruit and vegetable juice, manufacturing
• French fries, frozen, pre-cooked, manufacturing
• frozen dinners and side dishes (except seafood-based), manufacturing
• frozen food entrées (except seafood-based), manufacturing
• frozen fruit and vegetable, manufacturing
• frozen fruits, fruit juices and vegetables, manufacturing
• frozen pot pies and pizza manufacturing
• soups, frozen (except seafood), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• freeze-drying fruits and vegetables (see 311420 Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and drying)
• manufacturing frozen dairy products (see 311520 Ice cream and frozen dessert manufacturing)
• manufacturing frozen meat products (see 31161 Animal slaughtering and processing)
• manufacturing frozen seafood products (see 311710 Seafood product preparation and packaging)
• manufacturing frozen bakery products (see 31181 Bread and bakery product manufacturing)
• manufacturing frozen doughs, made from purchased flour (see 311824 Flour mixes, dough, and pasta
manufacturing from purchased flour)
• freezing eggs (see 311990 All other food manufacturing)
31142 Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and drying
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in preserving fruits and vegetables by canning, pickling,
brining and dehydrating (including freeze-drying). Canning uses heat sterilization; pickling uses vinegar solutions
and brining uses salt solutions. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing mixtures of dried ingredients,
such as soup mixes and salad dressing mixes, are included provided they dehydrate at least one of the ingredients.
311420 Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and drying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in preserving fruits and vegetables by canning,
pickling, brining and dehydrating (including freeze-drying). Canning uses heat sterilization; pickling uses vinegar
solutions and brining uses salt solutions. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing mixtures of dried
ingredients, such as soup mixes and salad dressing mixes, are included provided they dehydrate at least one of the
ingredients.
Illustrative example(s)
• baby foods (including meats), canning
• bouillon, made in dehydration plants
• canned fruit and vegetable juices (fresh or concentrates), manufacturing
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• canning soups (except seafood)
• canning vegetables (e.g., corn, beets, asparagus, artichokes, carrots, peas, tomatoes, mushrooms,
potatoes)
• dehydrating (except sun drying) fruits and vegetables (e.g., dates, olives, prunes, raisins)
• juice, fruit or vegetable, fresh, manufacturing
• ketchup, manufacturing
• pork and beans, canning
• preserves, jams and jellies (jelly), manufacturing
• sauce mixes, dry, made in dehydration plants
• soup mixes, made in dehydration plants
Exclusion(s)
• mixing purchased dehydrated potatoes, rice, pasta and other ingredients; canning or dehydrating eggs; or
canning puddings (see 311990 All other food manufacturing)
• manufacturing fruit-flavoured drinks (see 312110 Soft drink and ice manufacturing)
3115 Dairy product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dairy products. Establishments
primarily engaged in manufacturing substitute products are included.
31151 Dairy product (except frozen) manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dairy products, except frozen.
Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing substitute products are included.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing margarine or margarine-butter blends (see 31122 Starch and vegetable fat and oil
manufacturing)
• manufacturing cheese-based salad dressings (see 311940 Seasoning and dressing manufacturing)
311511 Fluid milk manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing milk and processed milk
products. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing substitute products are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• cottage cheese, manufacturing
• dairy, fluid milk
• dips, sour-cream based, manufacturing
• eggnog, fresh, non-alcoholic, manufacturing
• milk processing (e.g., bottling, homogenizing, pasteurizing, vitaminizing)
• milk substitutes, manufacturing
• non-dairy creamers, liquid, manufacturing
• sour cream, manufacturing
• whipped toppings (except frozen or dry mix), manufacturing
• yogurt (except frozen), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing dry mix whipped toppings and canned milk (see 311515 Butter, cheese, and dry and
condensed dairy product manufacturing)
• manufacturing ice cream, frozen yogurt and other frozen dairy desserts (see 311520 Ice cream and frozen
dessert manufacturing)
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311515 Butter, cheese, and dry and condensed dairy product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing butter, cheese, and dry and
condensed dairy products. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing substitute products are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• cheese (except cottage cheese), manufacturing
• cheese spreads, manufacturing
• cheese, imitation, substitute or analog, manufacturing
• dips, cheese-based, manufacturing
• milk, concentrated, condensed, dried, evaporated or powdered, manufacturing
• milkshake mixes, manufacturing
• non-dairy creamers, dry, manufacturing
• processed cheese, manufacturing
• whey, condensed, dried, evaporated and powdered, manufacturing
• whey, raw, liquid, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing margarine or margarine-butter blends (see 311225 Fat and oil refining and blending)
• manufacturing cottage cheese (see 311511 Fluid milk manufacturing)
• manufacturing cheese-based salad dressings (see 311940 Seasoning and dressing manufacturing)
31152 Ice cream and frozen dessert manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ice cream and other frozen desserts.
311520 Ice cream and frozen dessert manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ice cream and other frozen
desserts.
Illustrative example(s)
• frozen custard, manufacturing
• frozen desserts (except bakery), manufacturing
• ice cream and milk specialties, manufacturing
• pops, dessert, frozen (i.e., flavoured ice, fruit, pudding and gelatin), manufacturing
• sorbets or sherbets, manufacturing
• tofu frozen desserts, manufacturing
• yogurt, frozen, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing frozen bakery products (see 31181 Bread and bakery product manufacturing)
3116 Meat product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing meat products.
31161 Animal slaughtering and processing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in slaughtering animals, including poultry; preparing
processed meats and meat by-products; or rendering animal fat, bones and meat scraps.
Exclusion(s)
• producing animal feed from purchased meat products (see 31111 Animal food manufacturing)
• processing or blending purchased animal fats and oils (see 311225 Fat and oil refining and blending)
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• manufacturing frozen preparations of meat, poultry and other ingredients, such as frozen dinners (see
311410 Frozen food manufacturing)
• manufacturing preparations, except frozen or fresh, of meat, poultry and other ingredients, such as baby
food and pork and beans (see 311420 Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and drying)
• manufacturing fresh preparations of meat, poultry and other ingredients, such as pizza and egg rolls (see
311990 All other food manufacturing)
311611 Animal (except poultry) slaughtering This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in slaughtering animals, except poultry and
small game. Establishments that slaughter animals and then prepare meat products are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• beef, pork, lamb or veal carcasses, half-carcasses, primal and sub-primal cuts, produced in slaughtering
plants
• boxed and canned meat (except poultry and small game), produced in slaughtering plants
• frozen meat and meat products (except poultry and small game), produced in slaughtering plants
• lard and tallow produced in slaughtering plants
• variety meats (i.e., edible organs), produced in slaughtering plants
• wieners, sausages, luncheon meats and other prepared meat products (except poultry), produced in
slaughtering plants
Exclusion(s)
• rendering animal fat, bones and meat scraps, or processing purchased meat carcasses (see 311614
Rendering and meat processing from carcasses)
311614 Rendering and meat processing from carcasses This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in rendering animal fat, bones and meat
scraps; or preparing meat and meat by-products from carcasses. Establishments known as boxed meat plants,
primarily engaged in assembly-line cutting and packing of purchased carcasses, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• boxed meat (except poultry), made by assembly-line cutting of purchased meat
• canning meat (except poultry, small game, pet food, baby food), from purchased meat
• ham, canned or preserved, made from purchased meat
• meat and bone meal, and tankage, processed in rendering plants
• meat curing, drying, salting, smoking or pickling, made from purchased meat
• rendering plants (except poultry)
• tallow, produced in rendering plants
• wieners, sausages, luncheon meats and other processed meat products (except poultry and small game),
made from purchased meat
Exclusion(s)
• producing dog and cat food from purchased meat (see 311111 Dog and cat food manufacturing)
• producing animal feed, except dog and cat food, from purchased meat (see 311119 Other animal food
manufacturing)
• processing or blending purchased animal fats and oils (see 311225 Fat and oil refining and blending)
• manufacturing frozen preparations of meat and other ingredients, such as frozen dinners (see 311410
Frozen food manufacturing)
• manufacturing preparations, except frozen or fresh, of meat and other ingredients, such as baby food and
pork and beans (see 311420 Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and drying)
• manufacturing fresh preparations of meat, poultry and other ingredients, such as pizza and egg rolls (see
311990 All other food manufacturing)
• cutting and packing of purchased meat, except boxed meat cut on an assembly-line basis (see 413160
Red meat and meat product merchant wholesalers)
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311615 Poultry processing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in slaughtering poultry and small game or
preparing processed poultry and small game meat and meat by-products.
Illustrative example(s)
• poultry (e.g., canned, cooked, fresh, frozen) processing (except baby or pet food)
• poultry (e.g., chickens, ducks, geese, turkey) slaughtering and dressing
• poultry meat products (e.g., hot dogs, luncheon meats, sausages)
• rabbits slaughtering, processing and dressing (i.e., fresh, frozen, canned or cooked)
Exclusion(s)
• producing dog and cat food from poultry products (see 311111 Dog and cat food manufacturing)
• manufacturing frozen preparations of poultry and other ingredients, such as frozen dinners (see 311410
Frozen food manufacturing)
• manufacturing preparations, except frozen or fresh, of poultry and other ingredients, such as baby food
(see 311420 Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and drying)
• manufacturing fresh preparations of poultry and other ingredients, such as fresh pot pies (see 311990 All
other food manufacturing)
3117 Seafood product preparation and packaging
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in canning seafood, including soup; smoking,
salting and drying seafood; preparing fresh fish by removing heads, fins, scales, bones and entrails; shucking and
packing fresh shellfish; processing marine fats and oils; and freezing seafood. Establishments known as floating
factory ships, that are engaged in shipboard processing of seafood, are included.
31171 Seafood product preparation and packaging
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in canning seafood, including soup; smoking, salting and
drying seafood; preparing fresh fish by removing heads, fins, scales, bones and entrails; shucking and packing
fresh shellfish; processing marine fats and oils; and freezing seafood. Establishments known as floating factory
ships, that are engaged in shipboard processing of seafood, are included.
311710 Seafood product preparation and packaging
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in canning seafood, including soup; smoking,
salting and drying seafood; preparing fresh fish by removing heads, fins, scales, bones and entrails; shucking and
packing fresh shellfish; processing marine fats and oils; and freezing seafood. Establishments known as floating
factory ships, that are engaged in shipboard processing of seafood, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• canning fish, crustaceans and molluscs (e.g., shellfish, lobster, salmon)
• gathering and processing seafood into fresh or frozen seafood in factory ships (i.e., factory fish that also
fish)
• seafood dinners (e.g., fish and chips), frozen, manufacturing
• seafood, fresh, chilled or frozen, manufacturing
• seaweed processing (e.g., dulse)
• shucking and packing fresh shellfish
3118 Bakeries and tortilla manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing baked goods. Establishments
primarily engaged in manufacturing bakery products, for retail sale, but not for immediate consumption, are
included.
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31181 Bread and bakery product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing bakery products, except cookies and
crackers. Establishments classified in this industry may sell to commercial or retail customers, for consumption off
the premises.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing cookies and crackers (see 311821 Cookie and cracker manufacturing)
• selling bakery products, not manufactured on the premises, not for immediate consumption; or made from
prepared doughs, for retail sale (see 445291 Baked goods stores)
• selling bakery products for immediate consumption (e.g., food court outlets, fast food outlets) (see 722512
Limited-service eating places)
311811 Retail bakeries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing bakery products, for retail
sale, but not for immediate consumption. Establishments in this industry make bakery products from flour, not from
prepared doughs.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing bakery products, other than for retail sale (see 311814 Commercial bakeries and frozen
bakery product manufacturing)
• selling bakery products, not manufactured on the premises, not for immediate consumption; or made from
prepared doughs, for retail sale (see 445291 Baked goods stores)
• selling bakery products, for immediate consumption (e.g., food court outlets, fast food outlets) (see 722512
Limited-service eating places)
311814 Commercial bakeries and frozen bakery product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing bakery products, other than
for retail sale. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing frozen baked products are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• bagels, bread, cakes, croissant, doughnuts, pastries, made in commercial bakeries
• bakery products, frozen, made in commercial bakeries
• bread, bread-type rolls or buns and biscuits (including frozen), made in commercial bakeries
• croutons and bread crumbs, made in commercial bakeries
• pretzels, soft, made in commercial bakeries
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing bakery products, for retail sale, not for immediate consumption (see 311811 Retail bakeries)
• selling bakery products, not manufactured on the premises, not for immediate consumption; or made from
prepared doughs, for retail sale (see 445291 Baked goods stores)
• selling bakery products for immediate consumption (e.g., food court outlets, fast food outlets) (see 722512
Limited-service eating places)
31182 Cookie, cracker and pasta manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing cookies and crackers; preparing flour
mixes and dough from purchased flour; and manufacturing dry pasta.
Exclusion(s)
• grinding flour and preparing flour mixes or dough (see 311211 Flour milling)
• manufacturing canned pasta products (see 311420 Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and drying)
• manufacturing fresh pasta (see 311990 All other food manufacturing)
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311821 Cookie and cracker manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing cookies, crackers, biscuits
and similar products.
Illustrative example(s)
• crackers, cookies and biscuits (e.g., graham, saltine, soda), manufacturing
• ice cream cones and wafers, manufacturing
311824 Flour mixes, dough, and pasta manufacturing from purchased flour This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing either dry pasta, prepared
flour mixes or dough from purchased flour. The establishments in this industry may package the dry pasta they
manufacture with other ingredients.
Illustrative example(s)
• dough, refrigerated or frozen, made from purchased flour
• flour mixes, prepared (e.g., biscuit, cake, doughnut, pancake), made from purchased flour
• flour, blended or self-rising, made from purchased flour
• pasta and noodle mixes, made in dry pasta plants
• pie crust shells and pastries, uncooked, made from purchased flour
Exclusion(s)
• grinding flour and preparing flour mixes or dough (see 311211 Flour milling)
• manufacturing frozen pasta dinners (see 311410 Frozen food manufacturing)
• manufacturing canned pasta products (see 311420 Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and drying)
• manufacturing fresh pasta, or mixing of purchased dry and/or dehydrated ingredients with purchased dry
pasta (see 311990 All other food manufacturing)
31183 Tortilla manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing tortillas.
311830 Tortilla manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing tortillas.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing frozen tortillas (see 311410 Frozen food manufacturing)
• manufacturing canned tortillas (see 311420 Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and drying)
• manufacturing tortilla chips (see 31191 Snack food manufacturing)
3119 Other food manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
manufacturing food.
31191 Snack food manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in salting, roasting, drying, cooking or canning nuts;
processing grains or seeds into snacks; manufacturing peanut butter; or manufacturing potato chips, corn chips,
popped popcorn, hard pretzels, pork rinds and similar snacks.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing candy-coated nuts and candy-covered popcorn (see 311340 Non-chocolate confectionery
manufacturing)
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• manufacturing chocolate-coated nuts from cacao beans (see 311351 Chocolate and chocolate
confectionery manufacturing from cacao beans)
• manufacturing chocolate-coated nuts from purchased chocolate (see 311352 Confectionery manufacturing
from purchased chocolate)
• manufacturing corn for popping (see 311990 All other food manufacturing)
311911 Roasted nut and peanut butter manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in salting, roasting, drying, cooking or canning
nuts; processing grains or seeds into snacks; or manufacturing peanut butter.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing candy-coated nuts (see 311340 Non-chocolate confectionery manufacturing)
• manufacturing chocolate-coated nuts from cacao beans (see 311351 Chocolate and chocolate
confectionery manufacturing from cacao beans)
• manufacturing chocolate-coated nuts from purchased chocolate (see 311352 Confectionery manufacturing
from purchased chocolate)
311919 Other snack food manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing snack foods.
Illustrative example(s)
• non-baked snack foods (e.g., corn chips, tortilla chips, pretzels), manufacturing
• popcorn, popped (except candy-covered), manufacturing
• potato chips and sticks, manufacturing
• snack food (e.g., cheese curls or puffs, pork rinds), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing candy-covered popcorn (see 311340 Non-chocolate confectionery manufacturing)
• manufacturing cookies and crackers (see 311821 Cookie and cracker manufacturing)
• salting, roasting, drying, cooking or canning nuts and seeds (see 311911 Roasted nut and peanut butter
manufacturing)
• manufacturing corn for popping (see 311990 All other food manufacturing)
31192 Coffee and tea manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in roasting coffee; manufacturing coffee and tea extracts
and concentrates, including instant and freeze dried; blending tea; or manufacturing herbal tea. Establishments
primarily engaged in manufacturing coffee and tea substitutes are included.
311920 Coffee and tea manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in roasting coffee; manufacturing coffee and
tea extracts and concentrates, including instant and freeze dried; blending tea; or manufacturing herbal tea.
Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing coffee and tea substitutes are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• coffee or tea, blended, manufacturing
• coffee roasting and decaffeinating (decaffeination)
• coffee substitutes, manufacturing
• extracts, essences and preparations, coffee or tea, manufacturing
• instant and herbal tea, manufacturing
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Exclusion(s)
• bottling and canning iced tea or coffee (see 312110 Soft drink and ice manufacturing)
31193 Flavouring syrup and concentrate manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing soft drink concentrates and syrup, and
related products for soda fountain use or for making soft drinks.
311930 Flavouring syrup and concentrate manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing soft drink concentrates and
syrup, and related products for soda fountain use or for making soft drinks.
Illustrative example(s)
• beverage bases, manufacturing
• beverage flavourings and syrups (except coffee-based), manufacturing
• flavouring and syrup concentrates (except coffee-based), manufacturing
• fruit syrups, flavouring, manufacturing
• soft drink concentrates (i.e., soda fountain syrup), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• reducing maple sap to maple syrup (see 111994 Maple syrup and products production)
• manufacturing chocolate syrup from cacao beans (see 311351 Chocolate and chocolate confectionery
manufacturing from cacao beans)
• manufacturing chocolate syrup from purchased chocolate (see 311352 Confectionery manufacturing from
purchased chocolate)
• manufacturing flavouring extracts (see 311940 Seasoning and dressing manufacturing)
• manufacturing powdered drink mixes (except coffee, tea and chocolate); and table syrup from corn syrup
(see 311990 All other food manufacturing)
• manufacturing soft drinks (see 312110 Soft drink and ice manufacturing)
31194 Seasoning and dressing manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dressings and seasonings.
311940 Seasoning and dressing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dressings and seasonings.
Illustrative example(s)
• cheese-based salad dressings, manufacturing
• dry mixes (e.g., gravy, salad dressing, sauce), manufacturing
• food colourings, natural, manufacturing
• malt extract, manufacturing
• mayonnaise and prepared mustard, manufacturing
• processing purchased salt into table salt, manufacturing
• salad dressings, manufacturing
• salt, substitute, manufacturing
• sandwich spreads, manufacturing
• sauce (e.g., horseradish, soy and tartar), manufacturing
• spice grinding and blending
• vinegar and cider vinegar, manufacturing
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Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing ketchup and other tomato-based sauces; canning gravy; manufacturing bouillon and dry
salad dressing mixes by dehydrating ingredients (see 311420 Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and
drying)
• manufacturing flavouring syrups (see 311930 Flavouring syrup and concentrate manufacturing)
• manufacturing industrial salts (see 325999 All other miscellaneous chemical product manufacturing)
31199 All other food manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
food. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and packaging for individual resale, perishable prepared
foods such as salads, fresh pizza, fresh pasta, and peeled or cut vegetables, are included.
311990 All other food manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing food. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and packaging for individual resale,
perishable prepared foods such as salads, fresh pizza, fresh pasta, and peeled or cut vegetables, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• baking powder and yeast, manufacturing
• drink powder mixes (except chocolate, coffee, milk-based, tea), manufacturing
• egg substitutes, manufacturing
• fresh pasta, manufacturing
• pasta mixes, made from purchased dried ingredients (e.g., linguine with dried broccoli mix)
• pizza, fresh, manufacturing
• potato or rice mixes, made from purchased dried ingredients
• prepared meals, perishable, packaged for individual resale
• sandwiches, fresh (i.e., assembled and packaged for the wholesale market), manufacturing
• soup mixes, dry, made from purchased dry ingredients
• table syrups, artificially flavoured, manufacturing
• vegetables, fresh (i.e., cut, peeled, polished or sliced), manufacturing
312 Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing beverages and tobacco products.
3121 Beverage manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing beverages.
Exclusion(s)
• canning fruit and vegetable juices; freezing juices and drinks (see 3114 Fruit and vegetable preserving and
specialty food manufacturing)
• manufacturing milk-based drinks (see 311511 Fluid milk manufacturing)
• manufacturing soft drink bases or fruit syrups for flavouring; coffee and tea, except ready-to-drink;
powdered drink mixes; and non-alcoholic cider (see 3119 Other food manufacturing)
31211 Soft drink and ice manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing soft drinks, ice or bottled water,
including that which is naturally carbonated. Water-bottling establishments in this industry purify the water before
bottling it.
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312110 Soft drink and ice manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing soft drinks, ice or bottled
water, including that which is naturally carbonated. Water-bottling establishments in this industry purify the water
before bottling it.
Illustrative example(s)
• fruit drinks (except juice), manufacturing
• ice manufacturing for food purposes
• iced tea or coffee, manufacturing
• soft drinks or soda pop, manufacturing
• water, purifying and bottling
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing frozen fruit and vegetable juice (see 311410 Frozen food manufacturing)
• canning fruit and vegetable juices (see 311420 Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and drying)
• manufacturing milk-based drinks (see 311511 Fluid milk manufacturing)
• manufacturing soft drink bases or fruit syrups for flavouring (see 311930 Flavouring syrup and concentrate
manufacturing)
• manufacturing non-alcoholic cider (see 311940 Seasoning and dressing manufacturing)
• manufacturing non-alcoholic beer (see 312120 Breweries)
• manufacturing non-alcoholic wine (see 312130 Wineries)
• manufacturing dry ice (see 325120 Industrial gas manufacturing)
• bottling water without purification (see 413210 Non-alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers)
31212 Breweries
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in brewing beer, ale, malt liquors and non-alcoholic beer.
312120 Breweries
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in brewing beer, ale, malt liquors and
non-alcoholic beer.
Illustrative example(s)
• beer breweries
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing malt (see 31121 Flour milling and malt manufacturing)
• bottling purchased malt beverages (see 413220 Alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers)
31213 Wineries
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wine or brandy, from grapes or other
fruit. Establishments primarily engaged in growing grapes and manufacturing wine; manufacturing wine from
purchased grapes and other fruit; blending wines; or distilling brandy are included.
312130 Wineries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wine or brandy, from grapes
or other fruit. Establishments primarily engaged in growing grapes and manufacturing wine; manufacturing wine
from purchased grapes and other fruit; blending wines; or distilling brandy are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• alcoholic cider, manufacturing
• blending wines
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• fruit brandy, distilling
• grape growing and making wine
• wines (e.g., ice, vermouth, fortified, non-alcoholic, sparkling, cooler), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• bottling purchased wine (see 413220 Alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers)
31214 Distilleries
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in distilling liquor, except brandy; blending liquor; or
blending and mixing liquor and other ingredients.
312140 Distilleries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in distilling liquor, except brandy; blending
liquor; or blending and mixing liquor and other ingredients.
Illustrative example(s)
• alcoholic liquor (e.g., rum, vodka, whisky), manufacturing
• blending distilled beverages (except brandy)
• eggnog, alcoholic, manufacturing
• ethyl alcohol, potable, manufacturing
• mixed drinks, alcoholic, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing brandy (see 312130 Wineries)
• manufacturing non-potable ethanol (ethyl alcohol) (see 325190 Other basic organic chemical
manufacturing)
• bottling purchased liquor (see 413220 Alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers)
3122 Tobacco manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing tobacco products.
31221 Tobacco stemming and redrying
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in stemming or redrying tobacco. These establishments
perform the final sorting, grading, redrying, treating and packing of tobacco leaves, and they typically age the
tobacco.
312210 Tobacco stemming and redrying
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in stemming or redrying tobacco. These
establishments perform the final sorting, grading, redrying, treating and packing of tobacco leaves, and they
typically age the tobacco.
31222 Tobacco product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing cigarettes and other tobacco products.
312220 Tobacco product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing cigarettes and other tobacco
products.
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Illustrative example(s)
• cigarettes, manufacturing
• imitation tobacco cigarettes, manufacturing
• tobacco products (e.g., chewing, smoking, snuff), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• stemming and redrying tobacco (see 312210 Tobacco stemming and redrying)
313 Textile mills
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing yarn or textile fabrics, or finishing
yarn, textile fabrics or clothing. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing both fabrics and textile products,
except knitted clothing, are included.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing textile products, except clothing, from purchased fabric (see 314 Textile product mills)
• manufacturing clothing (see 315 Clothing manufacturing)
3131 Fibre, yarn and thread mills
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in spinning yarn from fibres; texturing, throwing or
twisting man-made fibre filaments or purchased yarns; or manufacturing thread for sewing, crocheting, embroidery,
tatting and similar uses.
31311 Fibre, yarn and thread mills
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in spinning yarn from fibres; texturing, throwing or
twisting man-made fibre filaments or purchased yarns; or manufacturing thread for sewing, crocheting, embroidery,
tatting and similar uses.
313110 Fibre, yarn and thread mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in spinning yarn from fibres; texturing,
throwing or twisting man-made fibre filaments or purchased yarns; or manufacturing thread for sewing, crocheting,
embroidery, tatting and similar uses.
Illustrative example(s)
• animal fibre yarn, spooling, twisting or winding purchased yarn
• cotton-type fibre spun yarns made from purchased fibre
• hemp bags and ropes, made in spinning mills
• natural hard fibre yarns (e.g., flax, hemp, jute, ramie, paper), made from purchased fibre
• silk-type filament yarns (e.g., polyester, polypropylene, nylon, rayon, acrylic, modacrylic, etc.), throwing,
twisting, texturizing or winding purchased yarn
• woolen-type yarns made from purchased yarn, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• finishing yarn or thread (see 313310 Textile and fabric finishing)
• manufacturing artificial and synthetic fibres and filaments (see 325220 Artificial and synthetic fibres and
filaments manufacturing)
• manufacturing glass fibres (see 32721 Glass and glass product manufacturing)
3132 Fabric mills
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing textile fabrics. Establishments
classified in this industry group may finish the fabrics that they manufacture. Establishments primarily engaged in
manufacturing both fabrics and textile products, except knitted clothing, are included.
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Exclusion(s)
• finishing textile fabrics; and coating fabrics (see 3133 Textile and fabric finishing and fabric coating)
• manufacturing tire cord fabric (see 314990 All other textile product mills)
31321 Broad-woven fabric mills
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in weaving broad fabrics. Establishments classified in
this industry may finish the fabrics that they weave. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing textile
products from broad-woven fabrics made in the same establishment are included.
313210 Broad-woven fabric mills
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in weaving broad fabrics. Establishments
classified in this industry may finish the fabrics that they weave. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing
textile products from broad-woven fabrics made in the same establishment are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• blankets, bedspreads, sheets and pillow cases, made in weaving mills
• elastic fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
• glass fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
• hand weaving fabrics (more than 30 cm/12 in.) in width
• man-made fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
• natural hard fibre fabrics (e.g., linen, jute, hemp, ramie), broad-woven, weaving
• weaving broad-woven felts
• wool fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
• worsted fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
Exclusion(s)
• knitting fabrics (see 313240 Knit fabric mills)
• manufacturing tire cord fabric (see 314990 All other textile product mills)
31322 Narrow fabric mills and Schiffli machine embroidery
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in weaving or braiding narrow fabrics; or manufacturing
embroideries with Schiffli machines. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the fabrics that they
manufacture. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fabric-covered elastic thread, yarn and cord are
included.
313220 Narrow fabric mills and Schiffli machine embroidery
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in weaving or braiding narrow fabrics; or
manufacturing embroideries with Schiffli machines. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the fabrics
that they manufacture. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fabric-covered elastic thread, yarn and
cord are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• cords and braids, narrow woven, manufacturing
• elastic thread, yarn and cord, fabric-covered, manufacturing
• fabrics (e.g., paper, glass, wool, cotton,), narrow woven (i.e., 30 cm/12 in. or less in width), weaving
• hand weaving narrow fabrics (i.e., 30 cm/12 in. or less in width)
• labels, weaving
• laces (e.g., shoe), textile, manufacturing
• ribbons, made in narrow woven fabric mills
• Schiffli machine embroideries, manufacturing
• thread and yarn, elastic, fabric-covered, manufacturing
• weaving fabrics (e.g., fibreglass, silk, man-made fibre), narrow woven (i.e., 30 cm/12 in. or less in width)
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• weaving narrow fabrics
• zipper tape, weaving
Exclusion(s)
• embroidering textile products (see 314990 All other textile product mills)
31323 Nonwoven fabric mills
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing nonwoven fabrics, by bonding and/or
interlocking fibres. Mechanical, chemical, thermal and solvent methods, and combinations thereof, are used.
Establishments classified in this industry may finish the fabrics that they manufacture.
313230 Nonwoven fabric mills
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing nonwoven fabrics, by
bonding and/or interlocking fibres. Mechanical, chemical, thermal and solvent methods, and combinations thereof,
are used. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the fabrics that they manufacture.
Illustrative example(s)
• carpet paddings, nonwoven, manufacturing
• nonwoven fabrics, manufacturing
• nonwoven felts (e.g., hair, jute, pressed, punched, wool), manufacturing
• padding and wadding, nonwoven fabric, manufacturing
• ribbons, made in nonwoven fabric mills
31324 Knit fabric mills
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in knitting fabrics, on both circular (weft fabric) and
flat-bed (warp fabric) machines. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing double and single knits, warp
knits and interlock knits; manufacturing special construction fabrics by the Malimo, Arachne and similar processes;
manufacturing knit lace; and making textile products in knitting mills are included. Establishments classified in this
industry may finish the fabrics that they knit.
313240 Knit fabric mills
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in knitting fabrics, on both circular (weft fabric)
and flat-bed (warp fabric) machines. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing double and single knits,
warp knits and interlock knits; manufacturing special construction fabrics by the Malimo, Arachne and similar
processes; manufacturing knit lace; and making textile products in knitting mills are included. Establishments
classified in this industry may finish the fabrics that they knit.
Illustrative example(s)
• hand knitting lace or flat (warp) fabric products
• knitting flat (warp) fabric
• knitting textile products (e.g., bedspreads, curtains, linens), made elsewhere
• knitting textile products (except apparel), made elsewhere
• lace, manufacturing
• netting, made in warp knitting mills
• pile fabrics, weft knit, made in knitting mills
3133 Textile and fabric finishing and fabric coating
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in preparing and finishing yarn and thread, textile
fabrics, textile products (except carpets and rugs), and clothing; and manufacturing coated or laminated fabrics.
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Exclusion(s)
• finishing carpets and rugs (see 3141 Textile furnishings mills)
• embroidering textile products and clothing (see 3149 Other textile product mills)
• knitting and finishing clothing in the same establishment (see 3151 Clothing knitting mills)
• manufacturing (cut-and-sew) and finishing clothing in the same establishment (see 3152 Cut and sew
clothing manufacturing)
• fur dressing and dyeing (see 3161 Leather and hide tanning and finishing)
• printing on articles of clothing, made in other establishments (see 3231 Printing and related support
activities)
31331 Textile and fabric finishing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in preparing and finishing yarn and thread, textile fabrics,
textile products (except carpets and rugs), and clothing, not made in the same establishment. Finishing operations
include bleaching; dyeing; printing fabrics (roller, screen, flock, plisse); chemical finishing for water repellency, fire
resistance and mildew proofing; and mechanical finishing, such as preshrinking, calendering, napping and
stone-washing. Establishments, known as converters, primarily engaged in buying fabric in the grey and having it
finished by contractors, are included.
313310 Textile and fabric finishing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in preparing and finishing yarn and thread,
textile fabrics, textile products (except carpets and rugs), and clothing, not made in the same establishment.
Finishing operations include bleaching; dyeing; printing fabrics (roller, screen, flock, plisse); chemical finishing for
water repellency, fire resistance and mildew proofing; and mechanical finishing, such as preshrinking, calendering,
napping and stone-washing. Establishments, known as converters, primarily engaged in buying fabric in the grey
and having it finished by contractors, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• batik work (hand painting on textile fabrics)
• burling and mending fabrics, for the trade
• carbonizing textile fibres
• carding textile fibres
• chemical finishing (e.g., for fire, mildew, water resistance) of textile fabrics, for the trade
• dyeing textile products, for the trade
• preparing textile fibres for spinning
• scouring and combing textile fibres
• sponging or shrinking textiles for tailors and dressmakers
• thread bleaching, dyeing and finishing
Exclusion(s)
• coating, rubberizing, varnishing or waxing fabrics (see 313320 Fabric coating)
• embroidering textile products and clothing (see 314990 All other textile product mills)
• knitting and finishing hosiery and socks, in the same establishment (see 315110 Hosiery and sock mills)
• knitting and finishing clothing, except hosiery and socks, in the same establishment (see 315190 Other
clothing knitting mills)
• manufacturing and finishing men's and boys' cut-and-sew clothing, in the same establishment (see 315220
Men's and boys' cut and sew clothing manufacturing)
• manufacturing and finishing women's and girls' cut-and-sew clothing, in the same establishment (see
315249 Women's and girls' cut and sew clothing manufacturing)
• manufacturing and finishing other cut-and-sew clothing, in the same establishment (see 315289 All other
cut and sew clothing manufacturing)
• fur dressing and dyeing (see 316110 Leather and hide tanning and finishing)
• printing on clothing (see 323113 Commercial screen printing)
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31332 Fabric coating
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing coated or laminated fabrics; and in
finishing textile fabrics or clothing by coating, laminating, rubberizing, varnishing, waxing or similar processes.
313320 Fabric coating
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing coated or laminated fabrics;
and in finishing textile fabrics or clothing by coating, laminating, rubberizing, varnishing, waxing or similar
processes.
Illustrative example(s)
• impregnating and coating of fabrics
• laminating purchased textile fabrics
• metallizing textile fabrics
• rubberizing fabrics and clothing
• waterproofing clothing
314 Textile product mills
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing textile products, except clothing.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing yarn or textile fabrics, or finishing yarn or fabrics, or manufacturing both fabrics and textile
products (see 313 Textile mills)
3141 Textile furnishings mills
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing carpets and rugs, and curtains
and linens.
31411 Carpet and rug mills
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing carpets and rugs, including tufted,
woven and needle-punched; or in finishing carpets and rugs.
314110 Carpet and rug mills
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing carpets and rugs, including
tufted, woven and needle-punched; or in finishing carpets and rugs.
Illustrative example(s)
• finishing (e.g., dyeing) rugs and carpets
• floor coverings (e.g., carpets, rugs, mats, matting), made of textile materials, weaving or knitting
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing rugs from purchased carpet material; binding rugs (see 314990 All other textile product
mills)
• manufacturing rubber mats and matting, such as bath and door (see 326290 Other rubber product
manufacturing)
31412 Curtain and linen mills
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing curtains, draperies, linens and other
home furnishings, from purchased materials.
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314120 Curtain and linen mills
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing curtains, draperies, linens
and other home furnishings, from purchased materials.
Illustrative example(s)
• bedspreads and bed sets, made from purchased fabric
• blankets (except electric), made from purchased fabrics or felts
• curtains and draperies, window, made from purchased fabrics
• cushions (except spring), made from purchased fabrics
• pads, protectors and covers (e.g., ironing board, mattress, table), made from purchased fabrics or felts
• plastic shower curtains and table cloths made from purchased materials
• sheets and pillow cases, made from purchased fabrics
• shower curtains, napkins, linens made from purchased materials (except plastic)
• tablecloths (except paper), made from purchased materials
• towels and washcloths, made from purchased fabrics
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing canvas exterior shades and awnings (see 314910 Textile bag and canvas mills)
• manufacturing electric blankets (see 335210 Small electrical appliance manufacturing)
• manufacturing blinds and shades (see 337920 Blind and shade manufacturing)
3149 Other textile product mills
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
manufacturing textile products.
31491 Textile bag and canvas mills
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing textile bags, such as shipping and other
industrial bags; or products from canvas or canvas substitutes, such as tarpaulins and tents.
314910 Textile bag and canvas mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing textile bags, such as
shipping and other industrial bags; or products from canvas or canvas substitutes, such as tarpaulins and tents.
Illustrative example(s)
• awnings and canopies, outdoor, made from purchased fabrics
• bags, textile, made from purchased woven or knitted materials
• canvas products, made from purchased canvas or canvas substitutes
• drop cloths, canvas, made from purchased fabric
• duffel bags, canvas, manufacturing
• shades, outdoor, made from purchased fabrics
• shipping bags, made from purchased woven or knitted materials
• tarpaulins, made from purchased fabrics
• tents, made from purchased fabrics
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing hemp bags in integrated hemp mills (see 313110 Fibre, yarn and thread mills)
31499 All other textile product mills
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
textile products. Establishments primarily engaged in garneting textile waste or other textile recycling; or
embroidering textile products, including clothing, whether or not on a contract basis, are included.
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314990 All other textile product mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing textile products. Establishments primarily engaged in garneting textile waste or other textile
recycling; or embroidering textile products, including clothing, whether or not on a contract basis, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• cord for reinforcing rubber tires, industrial belting and fuel cells, manufacturing
• decorative stitching on clothing owned by others
• diapers (except disposable), made from purchased fabrics
• embroidering on textile products for the trade
• fabricated rope products (e.g., nets, slings), made in cordage or twine mills
• fishing line, natural or man-made fibres, manufacturing
• fishing nets and seines, made in cordage or twine mills
• flags, textile (e.g., banners, bunting, emblems, pennants), made from purchased fabrics
• rope (except wire rope), manufacturing
• textile and wool waste, processing
• tire cord and fabric, of all materials, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing embroideries using Schiffli machines (see 313220 Narrow fabric mills and Schiffli machine
embroidery)
• manufacturing wire cable and rope (see 332619 Other fabricated wire product manufacturing)
315 Clothing manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing.
Exclusion(s)
• finishing clothing made in other establishments (see 313 Textile mills)
• embroidering clothing not made in the same establishment (see 314 Textile product mills)
• printing on articles of clothing not made in the same establishment (see 323 Printing and related support
activities)
• manufacturing safety clothing (see 339 Miscellaneous manufacturing)
3151 Clothing knitting mills
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in knitting clothing from yarn; or manufacturing
clothing from knit fabrics made in the same establishment. Establishments classified in this industry group may
finish the clothing that they knit.
Exclusion(s)
• finishing clothing not made in the same establishment (see 3133 Textile and fabric finishing and fabric
coating)
• manufacturing clothing from knit fabrics not produced in the same establishment (see 3152 Cut and sew
clothing manufacturing)
31511 Hosiery and sock mills
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in knitting hosiery for men, women and children.
Establishments classified in this industry may finish the clothing that they knit.
315110 Hosiery and sock mills
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in knitting hosiery for men, women and
children. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the clothing that they knit.
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Illustrative example(s)
• hosiery mill
• panty hose, manufacturing
31519 Other clothing knitting mills
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in knitting clothing,
other than hosiery. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the clothing that they knit.
315190 Other clothing knitting mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in knitting
clothing, other than hosiery. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the clothing that they knit.
Illustrative example(s)
• athletic clothing, made in knitting mills
• beachwear, made in knitting mills
• dresses, skirts and pants made in knitting mills
• neckties, made in knitting mills
• nightwear, made in knitting mills
• outerwear, made in knitting mills
• suits and jackets, made in knitting mills
• sweaters, made in knitting mills
• t-shirts, made in knitting mills
• tuques, made in knitting mills
• underwear, made in knitting mills
Exclusion(s)
• knitting hosiery and socks (see 315110 Hosiery and sock mills)
3152 Cut and sew clothing manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing from fabric made in
other establishments.
Exclusion(s)
• finishing clothing made in other establishments (see 3133 Textile and fabric finishing and fabric coating)
• printing on articles of clothing made in other establishments (see 3231 Printing and related support
activities)
31521 Cut and sew clothing contracting This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing from materials owned by
others. These establishments are commonly referred to as contractors. This industry is limited to contract
establishments that perform cutting and sewing operations, such as sewing arms to shirt bodies.
315210 Cut and sew clothing contracting This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing from materials
owned by others. These establishments are commonly referred to as contractors. This industry is limited to contract
establishments that perform cutting and sewing operations, such as sewing arms to shirt bodies.
Illustrative example(s)
• clothing contractors, cut and sew operations
• custom tailors (e.g., pleating, buttonhole making, hemming, scalloping, interlining), men's and boys'
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Exclusion(s)
• finishing clothing, on a contract basis (see 313310 Textile and fabric finishing)
• embroidering clothing, on a contract basis (see 314990 All other textile product mills)
• knitting hosiery and socks, on a contract basis (see 315110 Hosiery and sock mills)
• knitting clothing, except hosiery and socks, on a contract basis (see 315190 Other clothing knitting mills)
• printing on articles of clothing, on a contract basis (see 32311 Printing)
31522 Men's and boys' cut and sew clothing manufacturing This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing men's and boys' clothing from
purchased fabric. Clothing jobbers, who perform entrepreneurial functions involved in clothing manufacture, such as
buying raw materials, designing and preparing samples, arranging for clothing to be made from their materials, and
marketing the finished apparel, are included.
315220 Men's and boys' cut and sew clothing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing men's and boys' clothing
from purchased fabric. Clothing jobbers, who perform entrepreneurial functions involved in clothing manufacture,
such as buying raw materials, designing and preparing samples, arranging for clothing to be made from their
materials, and marketing the finished apparel, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• jackets, tailored (except fur, leather, sheepskin-lined), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased
fabric
• overcoats, tailored, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• shirts and t-shirts, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• ski suits, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• suits, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• sweaters, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• trousers, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• underwear, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• uniforms (e.g., fire fighter, military, police), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• windbreakers (except leather), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing men's and boys' fur and leather clothing (see 315281 Fur and leather clothing
manufacturing)
31524 Women's, girls' and infants' cut and sew clothing manufacturing This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing women's, girls' and infants' clothing
from purchased fabric. Clothing jobbers, who perform entrepreneurial functions involved in clothing manufacture,
such as buying raw materials, designing and preparing samples, arranging for clothing to be made from their
materials, and marketing the finished apparel, are included. For the purposes of classification, the term “infants”
clothing refers to articles for young children of a body height not exceeding 86 centimetres, or Canadian sizes less
than 2X.
315241 Infants' cut and sew clothing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing infants' clothing from
purchased fabric. For the purposes of classification, the term “infants” clothing refers to articles for young children of
a body height not exceeding 86 centimetres, or Canadian sizes less than 2X. Clothing jobbers, who perform
entrepreneurial functions involved in clothing manufacture, such as buying raw materials, designing and preparing
samples, arranging for clothing to be made from their materials, and marketing the finished apparel, are included.
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315249 Women's and girls' cut and sew clothing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing women's and girls' clothing
from purchased fabric. Clothing jobbers, who perform entrepreneurial functions involved in clothing manufacture,
such as buying raw materials, designing and preparing samples, arranging for clothing to be made from their
materials, and marketing the finished apparel, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• dresses, women's and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• leotards, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• lingerie, loungewear and nightwear, women's and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• occupational clothing, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• suits, coats, tailored jackets and skirts, women's and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• sweaters, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• uniforms (e.g., maids', military, nurses', police, waitresses'), women's, misses' and girls', made from
purchased fabric
Exclusion(s)
• knitting women's and girls' hosiery and socks from yarn (see 315110 Hosiery and sock mills)
• Knitting women's and girls' clothing, except hosiery and socks, from yarn (see 315190 Other clothing
knitting mills)
• manufacturing women's and girls' clothing from materials owned by others (see 315210 Cut and sew
clothing contracting)
• manufacturing women's and girls' fur and leather clothing (see 315281 Fur and leather clothing
manufacturing)
31528 Other cut and sew clothing manufacturing This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fur and leather clothing, and
establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing from purchased
fabric.
315281 Fur and leather clothing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fur and leather clothing.
Illustrative example(s)
• fur and artificial fur apparel or clothing (e.g., capes, coats, hats, jackets, pants, neckpieces, boleros,
stoles), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing leather gloves (see 315990 Clothing accessories and other clothing manufacturing)
• manufacturing leather safety and protective clothing (see 339110 Medical equipment and supplies
manufacturing)
315289 All other cut and sew clothing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing clothing from purchased fabric.
Illustrative example(s)
• caps and gowns, cut and sewn from purchased fabric or paper
• costumes (e.g., masquerade, theatrical, Halloween), cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• ponchos and similar waterproof raincoats, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• sports uniforms, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
• vestments (e.g., academic, clerical or church), cut and sewn from purchased fabric
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Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing infants' clothing from material owned by others (see 315210 Cut and sew clothing
contracting)
• manufacturing infants' clothing, cut and sewn from purchased fabric (see 315241 Infants' cut and sew
clothing manufacturing)
3159 Clothing accessories and other clothing manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
manufacturing clothing or clothing accessories.
31599 Clothing accessories and other clothing manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
clothing or clothing accessories.
315990 Clothing accessories and other clothing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing clothing or clothing accessories.
Illustrative example(s)
• apparel findings and trimmings, made from purchased fabric
• aprons (except rubberized and plastics), made from purchased fabric
• baseball caps, manufacturing
• belts, apparel (e.g., fabric, leather, vinyl), made from purchased material
• caps and hats (except fur, leather), made from purchased fabric
• glove linings (except fur), manufacturing
• gloves and mittens (except athletic, metal, rubber), made from purchased fabric
• handkerchiefs (except paper), made from purchased fabric
• neckwear, made from purchased fabric
• scarves, made from purchased fabric
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing gloves knitted in knitting mill (see 315190 Other clothing knitting mills)
• manufacturing fur and leather hats and caps (see 315281 Fur and leather clothing manufacturing)
• manufacturing safety gloves (see 339110 Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing)
• manufacturing sports gloves (see 33992 Sporting and athletic goods manufacturing)
316 Leather and allied product manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing leather and allied products.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing leather clothing (see 315 Clothing manufacturing)
3161 Leather and hide tanning and finishing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in tanning, currying, colouring and finishing hides
and skins into leather. Leather converters, who buy hides and skins and have them processed into leather by
others, on a contract basis, are included. Establishments primarily engaged in dressing and dyeing fur are also
included.
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31611 Leather and hide tanning and finishing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in tanning, currying, colouring and finishing hides and
skins into leather. Leather converters, who buy hides and skins and have them processed into leather by others, on
a contract basis, are included. Establishments primarily engaged in dressing and dyeing fur are also included.
316110 Leather and hide tanning and finishing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in tanning, currying, colouring and finishing
hides and skins into leather. Leather converters, who buy hides and skins and have them processed into leather by
others, on a contract basis, are included. Establishments primarily engaged in dressing and dyeing fur are also
included.
Illustrative example(s)
• fur dressing and dyeing
• hides, tanning, currying, dressing and finishing
• leather tanning, currying and finishing
• tanneries, leather, manufacturing
3162 Footwear manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing footwear, of any material.
31621 Footwear manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing footwear, of any material.
316210 Footwear manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing footwear, of any material.
Illustrative example(s)
• athletic shoes, manufacturing
• footwear manufacturing
• leather footwear, manufacturing
• orthopedic shoes (except extension shoes), manufacturing
• running shoes, manufacturing
• skate boots, without blades or wheels, manufacturing
• slippers, manufacturing
• work boots and shoes, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing orthopedic extension shoes (see 339110 Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing)
• manufacturing skates, ice or roller, boots assembled with blades or rollers (see 339920 Sporting and
athletic goods manufacturing)
3169 Other leather and allied product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
manufacturing leather and allied products. Some important products of this industry are luggage, handbags, purses,
and small articles normally carried on the person or in a handbag, such as billfolds, key cases and coin purses of
leather or other materials, except precious metal.
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31699 Other leather and allied product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
leather and allied products. Some important products of this industry are luggage, handbags, purses, and small
articles normally carried on the person or in a handbag, such as billfolds, key cases and coin purses of leather or
other materials, except precious metal.
316990 Other leather and allied product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing leather and allied products. Some important products of this industry are luggage, handbags,
purses, and small articles normally carried on the person or in a handbag, such as billfolds, key cases and coin
purses of leather or other materials, except precious metal.
Illustrative example(s)
• belting for machinery, leather, manufacturing
• boot and shoe findings, all materials, manufacturing
• briefcases, all materials, manufacturing
• burnt leather goods, manufacturing
• handbags and purses (except precious metal), manufacturing
• leather cut stock, boot and shoe, manufacturing
• luggage, all materials, manufacturing
• musical instrument cases, all materials, manufacturing
• saddles and parts, leather, manufacturing
• vanity cases, leather, manufacturing
• wallets (except metal), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing leather clothing (see 315281 Fur and leather clothing manufacturing)
• manufacturing leather gloves and belts (see 315990 Clothing accessories and other clothing
manufacturing)
• manufacturing small articles normally carried on the person or in a handbag, such as billfolds, key cases
and coin purses, of precious metal (see 33991 Jewellery and silverware manufacturing)
321 Wood product manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing products from wood. There are three
industry groups in this subsector, comprising establishments engaged in sawing logs into lumber and similar
products, or preserving these products; making products that improve the natural characteristics of wood, by
making veneers, plywood, reconstituted wood panel products or engineered wood assemblies; and making a
diverse range of wood products, such as millwork.
Exclusion(s)
• logging; and chipping logs in the field (see 113 Forestry and logging)
• manufacturing wood pulp, paper and paper products (see 322 Paper manufacturing)
• manufacturing wood kitchen cabinets and counters, and bathroom vanities (see 337 Furniture and related
product manufacturing)
• manufacturing wood signs and coffins (see 339 Miscellaneous manufacturing)
3211 Sawmills and wood preservation
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing boards, dimension lumber,
timber, poles and ties from logs and bolts. These establishments produce lumber that may be rough, or dressed by
a planing machine to achieve smoothness and uniformity of size, but is generally not further worked or shaped.
Establishments that preserve wood are also included.
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32111 Sawmills and wood preservation
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing boards, dimension lumber, timber,
poles and ties from logs and bolts. These establishments produce lumber that may be rough, or dressed by a
planing machine to achieve smoothness and uniformity of size, but is generally not further worked or shaped.
Establishments that preserve wood are also included.
Exclusion(s)
• chipping logs in the forest (see 11331 Logging)
• manufacturing glued-laminated timber, nailed-laminated lumber beams, parallel strand lumber, laminated
veneer lumber, fingerjoined lumber, and similar products (see 32121 Veneer, plywood and engineered
wood product manufacturing)
• peeling or slicing logs to make veneer (see 32121 Veneer, plywood and engineered wood product
manufacturing)
• planing purchased lumber or working lumber further than dressed (see 32191 Millwork)
321111 Sawmills (except shingle and shake mills) This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing boards, dimension lumber,
timber, poles and ties, and siding, from logs and bolts. These establishments produce lumber that may be rough, or
dressed by a planing machine to achieve smoothness and uniformity of size, but (except in the case of siding) is
generally not further worked or shaped.
Illustrative example(s)
• chipping logs (except in the forest)
• dimension lumber (e.g., 2x4), made from logs or bolts
• lath, made from logs or bolts
• lumber (i.e., rough, dressed), made from logs or bolts
• sawdust and shavings, made from logs or bolts
• siding, dressed lumber, manufacturing
• ties, railroad, made from logs or bolts
• timber, made from logs or bolts
321112 Shingle and shake mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in sawing blocks of wood to produce shingles
or splitting blocks of wood to produce shakes.
Illustrative example(s)
• shakes (i.e., hand split shingles), manufacturing
• shingle mills, wood
321114 Wood preservation This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in treating lumber, plywood, poles and similar
wood products, produced in other establishments, with preservatives to prevent decay and to protect against fire
and insects. Establishments primarily engaged in cutting to size and treating poles, pilings, posts and similar
roundwood products are included. Pressure treating is the most common method used. Some common
preservatives used in the treatment process include organic compounds such as creosote, and water-borne
inorganic compounds, such as chromated copper arsenate.
Illustrative example(s)
• creosoting of wood
• lumber and plywood, treating with creosote or other preservatives
• piles and pilings, foundation and marine construction, treating
• pressure treated lumber, made from purchased lumber
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3212 Veneer, plywood and engineered wood product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing softwood and hardwood veneer
and plywood; structural wood members, except lumber; and reconstituted wood panel products. Veneer is produced
as a thin sheet of wood of uniform thickness by peeling or slicing logs. Plywood is produced by gluing and
compressing together, three or more sheets of veneer, with the grain of alternate sheets usually laid crosswise.
Structural wood members are made by laminating, joining and assembling wood components according to specified
engineering design criteria. Reconstituted wood panel products are produced by processes involving pressure,
adhesives and binders. The laminated products produced in this industry may have layers of materials other than
wood.
32121 Veneer, plywood and engineered wood product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing softwood and hardwood veneer and
plywood; structural wood members, except lumber; and reconstituted wood panel products. Veneer is produced as
a thin sheet of wood of uniform thickness by peeling or slicing logs. Plywood is produced by gluing and
compressing together, three or more sheets of veneer, with the grain of alternate sheets usually laid crosswise.
Structural wood members are made by laminating, joining and assembling wood components according to specified
engineering design criteria. Reconstituted wood panel products are produced by processes involving pressure,
adhesives and binders. The laminated products produced in this industry may have layers of materials other than
wood.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing solid wood structural members, such as dimension lumber and timber; and preserving
purchased plywood (see 32111 Sawmills and wood preservation)
• manufacturing containers, such as fruit baskets and boxes, from veneer made in the same establishment
(see 321920 Wood container and pallet manufacturing)
• manufacturing gypsum board (see 327420 Gypsum product manufacturing)
321211 Hardwood veneer and plywood mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing hardwood veneer and
plywood.
Illustrative example(s)
• panels, hardwood plywood, manufacturing
• plywood mills, hardwood
• veneer mills, hardwood
Exclusion(s)
• preserving purchased plywood (see 321114 Wood preservation)
321212 Softwood veneer and plywood mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing softwood veneer and
plywood.
Illustrative example(s)
• panels, softwood plywood, manufacturing
• plywood mills, softwood
• veneer mills, softwood
Exclusion(s)
• preserving purchased plywood (see 321114 Wood preservation)
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321215 Structural wood product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing structural wood members,
other than solid dimension lumber and timber.
Illustrative example(s)
• arches and beams, glued-laminated or pre-engineered wood, manufacturing
• finger jointed lumber, manufacturing
• glued-laminated timber (glulam), manufacturing
• laminated veneer lumber (LVL), manufacturing
• nailed-laminated lumber beams, manufacturing
• parallel strand lumber (PSL), manufacturing
• structural wood members, prefabricated (e.g., arches, trusses, I-joists and parallel chord ceilings),
manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• fabricating structural wood members at construction sites (see 23 Construction)
• manufacturing solid wood structural members, such as dimension lumber and timber (see 321111 Sawmills
(except shingle and shake mills))
321216 Particle board and fibreboard mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing particle board and
fibreboard. Particle board is made from wood particles, which are often the residue from other wood processing
operations, combined under heat and pressure with a water resistant binder. Fibreboard is made from wood fibres,
bonded together completely or partially by the lignin in the wood.
Illustrative example(s)
• fibreboard, manufacturing
• hardboard, manufacturing
• insulation board, cellular fibre or hard pressed wood, manufacturing
• medium density fibreboard (MDF), manufacturing
• particle board, manufacturing
321217 Waferboard mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing waferboard and oriented
strandboard (OSB). These products are made from wafers or strands of wood such as aspen, poplar or southern
yellow pine, combined with a waterproof binder, and bonded together by heat and pressure.
Illustrative example(s)
• oriented strandboard (OSB), manufacturing
• waferboard mills
3219 Other wood product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
manufacturing wood products.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing wood kitchen cabinets and counters, and bathroom vanities (see 3371 Household and
institutional furniture and kitchen cabinet manufacturing)
• manufacturing wood signs and coffins (see 3399 Other miscellaneous manufacturing)
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32191 Millwork
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in millwork. These establishments generally use
woodworking machinery, such as jointers, planers, lathes and routers, to shape wood. Establishments primarily
engaged in seasoning and planing purchased lumber are included. Wood millwork products may be covered with
another material, such as plastic.
Exclusion(s)
• carpentry, including installing prefabricated windows, doors and stairs in buildings (see 23 Construction)
• manufacturing dressed lumber from logs (see 32111 Sawmills and wood preservation)
321911 Wood window and door manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood doors and frames, and
wood window units and frames, including those covered with metal or plastic.
Illustrative example(s)
• door units, prehung, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
• doors and windows, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
• garage doors, wood, manufacturing
• shutters, door and window, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
• window and door frames and sash, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
• window units, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• installing prefabricated windows and doors in buildings (see 23 Construction)
321919 Other millwork This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in millwork. These establishments generally use woodworking machinery, such as jointers, planers, lathes and
routers, to shape wood. Establishments primarily engaged in seasoning and planing purchased lumber are
included. Wood millwork products may be covered with another material, such as plastic.
Illustrative example(s)
• baseboards, wood, manufacturing
• mouldings, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
• parquet flooring, hardwood (assembled), manufacturing
• planing purchased lumber, planing mills
• softwood flooring, manufacturing
• stairwork (e.g., newel posts, railings, staircases, stairs), wood, manufacturing
• woodwork, interior and ornamental (e.g., windows, doors, sash, cornices, mantels), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• carpentry, including installing prefabricated stairs in buildings (see 23 Construction)
• manufacturing dressed lumber from logs (see 321111 Sawmills (except shingle and shake mills))
• manufacturing wood kitchen cabinets and counters, and bathroom vanities (see 337110 Wood kitchen
cabinet and counter top manufacturing)
• Manufacturing wood signs and coffins (see 339990 All other miscellaneous manufacturing)
32192 Wood container and pallet manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood containers, container parts
(shook) ready for assembly, cooper's products and parts, and pallets.
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321920 Wood container and pallet manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood containers, container
parts (shook) ready for assembly, cooper's products and parts, and pallets.
Illustrative example(s)
• containers (e.g., fruit baskets, boxes), made from veneer
• cooperage stock (e.g., heading, hoops, staves), manufacturing
• skids, pallets and pallet containers, wood or wood and metal combination, manufacturing
• wooden boxes for ammunition or shell, manufacturing
32199 All other wood product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
wood products.
321991 Manufactured (mobile) home manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing mobile homes and
non-residential mobile buildings. These units are portable structures built on a chassis equipped with wheels, but
not designed for multiple or continuous movement, and are designed to be connected to sewage and water utilities.
Illustrative example(s)
• mobile homes manufacturing
• non-residential building, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing motor homes or recreational travel trailers (see 336215 Motor home, travel trailer and
camper manufacturing)
321992 Prefabricated wood building manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing prefabricated or pre-cut
wood buildings, sections and panels. All buildings that are made away from the construction site, either in sections,
complete units, or in components for on-site erection, are included. Establishments primarily engaged in
manufacturing log cabins and log houses are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• buildings, prefabricated or pre-cut, wood frame, manufacturing
• cottages, prefabricated, wood frame, manufacturing
• houses, prefabricated (except mobile homes), wood frame, manufacturing
• log cabins, prefabricated wood, manufacturing
• modular buildings, prefabricated, wood frame, manufacturing
• panels for prefabricated wood buildings, manufacturing
• prefabricated wood buildings, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• constructing wood frame buildings on site (see 23 Construction)
321999 All other miscellaneous wood product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing wood products.
Illustrative example(s)
• bowls, wood, turned and shaped, manufacturing
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
burnt wood articles, manufacturing
clothes-drying frames, wood, manufacturing
clothespins, wood, manufacturing
cork products (except gaskets), manufacturing
fencing, prefabricated sections, wood, manufacturing
handles (e.g., broom, brush, mop, hand tool), wood, manufacturing
kiln drying of lumber
kitchenware (e.g., utensils, rolling pins), wood, manufacturing
poles (e.g., clothesline, flag, tent), wood, manufacturing
toothpicks, wood, manufacturing
322 Paper manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pulp, paper and paper products. The
manufacture of pulp involves separating the cellulose fibres from other impurities in wood, used paper or other fibre
sources. The manufacture of paper involves matting these fibres into a sheet. Converted paper products are
produced from paper and other materials by various cutting and shaping techniques.
3221 Pulp, paper and paperboard mills
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pulp, paper or paperboard.
Establishments that manufacture pulp, paper or paperboard, either alone or in combination with paper converting,
are included.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing paper or paperboard products from purchased paper or paperboard (see 3222 Converted
paper product manufacturing)
32211 Pulp mills
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pulp from any material, by any process.
These establishments sell or transfer the pulp to separate paper-making establishments; they do not make it into
paper themselves. Establishments that process waste paper into pulp (de-inking plants) are included.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing pulp and making paper (see 32212 Paper mills)
• manufacturing pulp and making paperboard (see 322130 Paperboard mills)
322111 Mechanical pulp mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pulp from any material, using
mechanical or semi-chemical methods. Some important products of this Canadian industry are mechanical pulp
(sometimes called groundwood pulp), thermo-mechanical pulp (TMP) and semi-chemical pulp.
Illustrative example(s)
• pulp mills, mechanical or semi-chemical (except those making paper or paperboard)
• wood pulp (e.g., mechanical, thermo-mechanical (TMP), semi-chemical), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing pulp and making paper, except newsprint (see 322121 Paper (except newsprint) mills)
• manufacturing pulp and making newsprint (see 322122 Newsprint mills)
• manufacturing pulp and making paperboard (see 322130 Paperboard mills)
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322112 Chemical pulp mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pulp from any material, using
chemical methods. Kraft pulp is chemical pulp obtained from the sulphate or soda processes. Establishments that
process waste paper into pulp are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• de-inking recovered paper
• pulp mills, chemical (except those making paper or paperboard)
• recycling paper (i.e., making pulp from waste and scrap paper)
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing pulp and making paper, except newsprint (see 322121 Paper (except newsprint) mills)
• manufacturing pulp and making newsprint (see 322122 Newsprint mills)
• manufacturing pulp and making paperboard (see 322130 Paperboard mills)
32212 Paper mills
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper, other than paperboard.
Establishments that manufacture paper in combination with pulp manufacture or paper converting, are included.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing pulp, but not making any paper or paperboard (see 32211 Pulp mills)
• converting purchased paper into paperboard containers (see 32221 Paperboard container manufacturing)
• converting purchased paper and paperboard into paper bags and coated and treated paper products (see
322220 Paper bag and coated and treated paper manufacturing)
• converting purchased paper and paperboard into paper products other than paperboard containers, paper
bags and coated and treated paper products (see 32229 Other converted paper product manufacturing)
322121 Paper (except newsprint) mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper, other than newsprint
and paperboard. Establishments that manufacture paper (except newsprint) in combination with pulp manufacture
or paper converting, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• building paper stock, manufacturing
• coated paper, made in paper mills
• diapers, disposable, made in paper mills
• facial tissues, made in paper mills
• fine paper stock, manufacturing
• looseleaf fillers and paper, made in paper mills
• paper (except newsprint and uncoated groundwood), coated, laminated or treated, made in paper mills
• paper (except newsprint and uncoated groundwood), manufacturing
• sanitary paper products, made in paper mills
322122 Newsprint mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing newsprint, including
groundwood printing paper. Establishments that manufacture newsprint in combination with pulp manufacture, are
included.
Illustrative example(s)
• groundwood paper, uncoated, made in paper mills
• newsprint stock, manufacturing
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32213 Paperboard mills
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paperboard. Establishments that
manufacture paperboard in combination with pulp manufacture or paperboard converting, are included.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing particle board, fibreboard, waferboard and similar reconstituted wood board products (see
32121 Veneer, plywood and engineered wood product manufacturing)
• manufacturing building paper (see 32212 Paper mills)
322130 Paperboard mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paperboard. Establishments
that manufacture paperboard in combination with pulp manufacture or paperboard converting, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• cardboard stock, manufacturing
• corrugated boxes, made in paperboard mills
• paperboard products (e.g., containers), made in paperboard mills
3222 Converted paper product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper products from purchased
paper and paperboard.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing paper or paperboard, and converting it into paper or paperboard products (see 3221 Pulp,
paper and paperboard mills)
32221 Paperboard container manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paperboard containers, such as setup
paperboard boxes, corrugated boxes, fibre boxes, cans and drums, and sanitary food containers, from purchased
paperboard. These establishments use corrugating and cutting machinery to form paperboard into containers.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing paperboard and converting it into containers (see 322130 Paperboard mills)
322211 Corrugated and solid fibre box manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing corrugated and solid fibre
boxes and related products, such as corrugated sheets, from purchased paperboard.
Illustrative example(s)
• containers, corrugated and solid fibreboard, made from purchased paper or paperboard
• corrugated paper, made from purchased paper or paperboard
• folding boxes, corrugated, made from purchased paper or paperboard
• pads, corrugated and solid fibreboard, made from purchased paper or paperboard
• pallets, corrugated and solid fibre, made from purchased paper or paperboard
• partitions, corrugated and solid fibre, made from purchased paper or paperboard
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing paperboard and converting it into corrugated and fibre boxes (see 322130 Paperboard
mills)
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322212 Folding paperboard box manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing folding paperboard boxes,
from purchased paperboard.
Illustrative example(s)
• cartons, folding (except milk), made from purchased paperboard
• folding boxes (except corrugated), made from purchased paperboard
• folding containers (except corrugated), made from purchased paperboard
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing paperboard and converting it into folding boxes (see 322130 Paperboard mills)
• manufacturing milk cartons (see 322219 Other paperboard container manufacturing)
322219 Other paperboard container manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing paperboard containers, such as setup paperboard boxes, fibre cans and drums, and sanitary food
containers, from purchased paperboard.
Illustrative example(s)
• fibre cans and drums (i.e., fibre body, ends of any material), made from purchased paperboard
• food containers, sanitary (except folding), made from purchased paper or paperboard
• milk cartons, made from purchased paper or paperboard
• paper dishes (e.g., cups, plates), made from purchased paper or paperboard
• straws, drinking, made from purchased paper or paperboard
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing paperboard and converting it into containers other than corrugated, solid fibre and folding
boxes (see 322130 Paperboard mills)
32222 Paper bag and coated and treated paper manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper bags, and coated and treated
paper and paperboard products, from purchased paper and other flexible film materials. The products produced in
this industry may be made from a single layer; or from several layers laminated together. The laminated products
may consist entirely of materials other than paper, such as plastic film and aluminum foil.
322220 Paper bag and coated and treated paper manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper bags, and coated and
treated paper and paperboard products, from purchased paper and other flexible film materials. The products
produced in this industry may be made from a single layer; or from several layers laminated together. The laminated
products may consist entirely of materials other than paper, such as plastic film and aluminum foil.
Illustrative example(s)
• aluminum foil laminates, made from purchased foil
• bags, made by laminating or coating combinations of purchased foil, paper and plastics
• coated and treated paper products, made from purchased paper
• coated board, made from purchased paperboard
• foil bags, made from purchased foil
• grocers' bags and sacks, made from purchased uncoated paper
• labels, gummed, made from purchased paper
• laminated gift wrap, made from purchased paper
• pressure sensitive paper and tape (except medical), made from purchased materials
• sacks, multiwall, made from purchased uncoated paper
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• tapes (e.g., cellophane, masking, pressure sensitive), gummed, made from purchased paper or other
materials
• wallpaper, made from purchased paper or other materials
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing textile bags (see 314910 Textile bag and canvas mills)
• manufacturing paper and converting it into paper bags and coated and treated paper products (see
322121 Paper (except newsprint) mills)
• manufacturing sensitized photographic and blueprint paper (see 325999 All other miscellaneous chemical
product manufacturing)
• manufacturing plastic bags, entirely of plastic (see 326111 Plastic bag and pouch manufacturing)
• manufacturing aluminum foil (see 331317 Aluminum rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying)
• manufacturing metal foil containers, such as aluminum pie plates (see 332999 All other miscellaneous
fabricated metal product manufacturing)
• manufacturing medical adhesive tape and plasters (see 339110 Medical equipment and supplies
manufacturing)
• manufacturing carbon paper (see 339940 Office supplies (except paper) manufacturing)
32223 Stationery product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper stationery products, used for
writing, filing and similar applications.
322230 Stationery product manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper stationery products,
used for writing, filing and similar applications.
Illustrative example(s)
• cash register tapes, made from purchased paper
• envelopes (e.g., mailing, stationery), made from any material
• exercise books and pads, made from purchased paper
• file folders (e.g., accordion, expanding, hanging, manila), made from purchased paper or paperboard
• index and other die-cut cards, made from purchased cardboard
• looseleaf fillers and paper, made from purchased paper
• paper office supplies, made from purchased paper
• tablets and pads, made from purchased newsprint
• writing paper, cut sheet, made from purchased paper
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing paper and converting it into stationery products (see 322121 Paper (except newsprint)
mills)
• manufacturing paperboard and converting it into stationery products (see 322130 Paperboard mills)
• manufacturing carbon paper and non-paper office supplies (see 339940 Office supplies (except paper)
manufacturing)
32229 Other converted paper product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
paper products from purchased paper and paperboard.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing paper and converting it into paper products (see 32212 Paper mills)
• manufacturing paperboard and converting it into paperboard products (see 322130 Paperboard mills)
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322291 Sanitary paper product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing converted paper sanitary
products from purchased paper. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing disposable sanitary products,
such as tampons, from textile materials are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• facial tissues, made from purchased paper
• sanitary napkins and tampons, made from purchased paper
• sanitary paper products (e.g., diapers, tampons, napkins), made from purchased textile fibres
• serviettes or napkins, paper, made from purchased paper
• toilet paper, made from purchased paper
• towels, paper, made from purchased paper
322299 All other converted paper product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing converted paper products, from purchased paper. Establishments primarily engaged in
manufacturing moulded pulp products, such as egg cartons, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• cigarette paper, made from purchased paper
• confetti, made from purchased paper
• crepe paper, made from purchased paper
• die-cut paper products (except office supplies), made from purchased paper or paperboard
• insulating batts, fills or blankets, made from purchased paper
• moulded pulp products (e.g., egg cartons, food containers, food trays), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing paper, except newsprint, and converting it into paper products (see 322121 Paper (except
newsprint) mills)
• manufacturing paperboard and converting it into paper products (see 322130 Paperboard mills)
323 Printing and related support activities
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in printing and providing related support activities.
3231 Printing and related support activities
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in printing and providing related support activities.
Exclusion(s)
• printing on textile fabrics (see 3133 Textile and fabric finishing and fabric coating)
• printing and publishing (see 5111 Newspaper, periodical, book and directory publishers)
• printing using simple electrostatic printers, such as office-type photocopiers (see 5614 Business support
services)
32311 Printing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in printing.
Exclusion(s)
• printing on textile fabrics (see 313310 Textile and fabric finishing)
• printing and publishing newspapers (see 511110 Newspaper publishers)
• printing and publishing periodicals (see 511120 Periodical publishers)
• printing and publishing books and pamphlets (see 511130 Book publishers)
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• printing and publishing directories, including telephone (see 511140 Directory and mailing list publishers)
• printing and publishing calendars, art and greeting cards (see 511190 Other publishers)
• printing using simple electrostatic printers, such as office-type photocopiers (see 561430 Business service
centres)
323113 Commercial screen printing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial printing using silk-screen
printing equipment. Establishments in this Canadian industry typically have a pre-press capability, for example, to
cut stencils. Typically, these establishments print on clothing; or produce paper documents of a graphical nature,
such as pictures and large-format sign-type lettering.
Illustrative example(s)
• art works, screen printing without publishing
• glass, screen printing, for the trade
• posters, screen printing without publishing
• print shops, screen (except on textile fabrics), while you wait service
• printing on textile products (e.g., napkins, placemats, towels)
• screen printing on clothing (e.g., caps, T-shirts)
• screen printing paper documents (e.g., pictures, large-format banners), without publishing
Exclusion(s)
• silk-screen printing on textile fabrics (see 313310 Textile and fabric finishing)
323114 Quick printing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial printing using small offset
printers and/or non-impact printers. Establishments in this Canadian industry typically have a pre-press capability.
Illustrative example(s)
• quick printing
Exclusion(s)
• printing using simple electrostatic printers, such as office-type photocopiers (see 561430 Business service
centres)
323115 Digital printing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in digital printing. These establishments use
computer-controlled non-impact (electrostatic, ink jet, spray jet) printing equipment. The image to be printed is input
to the printer as a computer file (not simply scanned in and digitized by the printer itself). Establishments in this
Canadian industry typically have extensive pre-press operations, including specialized scanners and
colour-separation equipment. Typically, these establishments print documents of a high-resolution, graphical nature.
Illustrative example(s)
• digital printing shops (e.g., billboards, large format graphical materials and high resolution)
Exclusion(s)
• printing using simple electrostatic printers, such as office-type photocopiers (see 561430 Business service
centres)
323116 Manifold business forms printing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in printing manifold business forms.
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Illustrative example(s)
• books (e.g., sales, cheque) and refills, manifold printing
• computer forms, manifold or continuous (except paper simply lined), printing
• printing manifold business or unit set forms (e.g., credit card slips)
323119 Other printing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in printing.
Illustrative example(s)
• advertising material (e.g., coupons, flyers), printing without publishing
• bank notes, printing
• books, printing without publishing
• business forms (except manifold), printing without publishing
• cards (e.g., business, greeting, playing, postcards, trading), printing without publishing
• commercial print shop (using multiple processes)
• job printing, lithographic and offset (except quick)
• magazines and periodicals, printing without publishing
• maps, printing without publishing
• offset printing (except manifold business forms, quick printing, textile fabrics), without publishing
• stationery, printing (except quick) on a job-order basis
32312 Support activities for printing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support services to commercial printers,
such as pre-press and bindery work.
323120 Support activities for printing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support services to commercial
printers, such as pre-press and bindery work.
Illustrative example(s)
• book gilding, bronzing, edging, deckling, embossing and gold stamping, for the trade
• bookbinding, without printing
• colour separation services, for the printing trade
• engraving printing plates, for the printing trades
• photoengraving plate preparation services
• platemaking, for the printing trades
• postpress services (e.g., bevelling, binding, bronzing, edging, foil stamping), on printed products
• prepress printing services (e.g., colour separation, imagesetting, photocomposition, typesetting)
• screens for printing, preparation services
• typesetting (i.e., computer-controlled, hand, machine), for the printing trade
324 Petroleum and coal product manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in transforming crude petroleum and coal into
intermediate and end products. The dominant process is petroleum refining, which separates crude petroleum into
components or fractions through such techniques as cracking and distillation.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing chemicals and chemical preparations from refined petroleum and coal products (see 325
Chemical manufacturing)
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3241 Petroleum and coal product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in transforming crude petroleum and coal into
intermediate and end products. The dominant process is petroleum refining, which separates crude petroleum into
components or fractions through such techniques as cracking and distillation.
32411 Petroleum refineries
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in refining crude petroleum. Petroleum refining involves
the transformation of crude oil by such processes as cracking and distillation.
324110 Petroleum refineries
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in refining crude petroleum. Petroleum refining
involves the transformation of crude oil by such processes as cracking and distillation.
Illustrative example(s)
• asphalt and asphaltic materials, made in petroleum refineries
• crude oil, refining
• diesel fuels, made in petroleum refineries
• fuel oils, made in petroleum refineries
• gasoline, made in petroleum refineries
• jet fuels, made in petroleum refineries
• lubricating oils and greases, made in petroleum refineries
• petrochemical feedstocks, made in petroleum refineries
• petrochemicals, made in petroleum refineries
Exclusion(s)
• producing natural gasoline from natural gas (see 21111 Oil and gas extraction)
• manufacturing asphalt paving and roofing materials from refined petroleum products (see 32412 Asphalt
paving, roofing and saturated materials manufacturing)
• blending and compounding lubricating oils and greases from refined petroleum products (see 324190
Other petroleum and coal product manufacturing)
• manufacturing petrochemicals from petroleum feedstocks (see 325110 Petrochemical manufacturing)
32412 Asphalt paving, roofing and saturated materials manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing asphalt paving materials;
manufacturing roofing rolls, sheets and shingles, by saturating mats and felts with purchased asphalt or bituminous
materials; and manufacturing roofing cements and coatings.
324121 Asphalt paving mixture and block manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing asphalt paving mixtures and
blocks, from purchased asphalt, bituminous materials or coal tar.
Illustrative example(s)
• asphalt and tar paving mixtures, blocks and road compounds made from purchased asphaltic materials
• coal tar paving materials, made from purchased coal tar
324122 Asphalt shingle and coating material manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing roofing rolls, sheets and
shingles, by saturating mats and felts with purchased asphalt or bituminous materials; and manufacturing roofing
cements and coatings.
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Illustrative example(s)
• asphalt roofing coatings, made from purchased asphaltic materials
• asphalt saturated mats and felts, made from purchased asphaltic materials and paper
• asphalt shingle and coating material manufacturing
• asphalt shingles, made from purchased asphaltic materials
• asphalt siding, made from purchased asphaltic materials
• undercoating for motor vehicles, made from purchased asphaltic materials
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing asphalt shingles and tar paper, from paper made in the same establishment (see 32212
Paper mills)
32419 Other petroleum and coal product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
petroleum and coal products. Establishments primarily engaged in re-refining used products are included.
324190 Other petroleum and coal product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing petroleum and coal products. Establishments primarily engaged in re-refining used products are
included.
Illustrative example(s)
• coke oven products (e.g., coke, gases, tars), made in coke oven establishments
• coke ovens
• fireplace logs, made from refined petroleum or coal
• lubricating, cutting, grinding or penetrating oils and greases, made from refined petroleum
• motor oil, hydraulic brake fluids and transmission fluids made from refined petroleum
• recycling (i.e., re-refining) used motor and lubricating oils
• waxes, petroleum, made from refined petroleum
325 Chemical manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing chemicals and chemical preparations,
from organic and inorganic raw materials.
Exclusion(s)
• field processing of crude petroleum and natural gas (see 211 Oil and gas extraction)
• beneficiating mineral ores (see 212 Mining and quarrying (except oil and gas))
• processing crude petroleum and coal (see 324 Petroleum and coal product manufacturing)
• smelting and refining ores and concentrates (see 331 Primary metal manufacturing)
3251 Basic chemical manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing chemicals, using basic
processes such as thermal cracking and distillation. Chemicals produced in this industry group are usually separate
chemical elements or separate chemically-defined compounds.
32511 Petrochemical manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting feedstocks derived from petroleum, or from
petroleum and natural gas liquids, into petrochemicals. Some important processes used in petrochemical
manufacturing include steam cracking and steam reforming. For the purpose of defining this industry,
petrochemicals consist of acyclic (aliphatic) hydrocarbons and cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
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325110 Petrochemical manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting feedstocks derived from
petroleum, or from petroleum and natural gas liquids, into petrochemicals. Some important processes used in
petrochemical manufacturing include steam cracking and steam reforming. For the purpose of defining this industry,
petrochemicals consist of acyclic (aliphatic) hydrocarbons and cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
Illustrative example(s)
• acyclic hydrocarbons (except acetylene), made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
• aromatic cyclic hydrocarbons, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
• benzene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
• butane, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
• ethane, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
• ethylene (ethene), made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
• hexane, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
• paraffins (alkanes), made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
• pentane, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
• styrene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
• toluene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
• xylene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
Exclusion(s)
• refining crude petroleum into petrochemicals (see 324110 Petroleum refineries)
• manufacturing acetylene (see 325120 Industrial gas manufacturing)
• converting petrochemicals into other basic chemicals (see 325190 Other basic organic chemical
manufacturing)
• manufacturing plastics resins and synthetic rubber (see 325210 Resin and synthetic rubber manufacturing)
32512 Industrial gas manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial organic and inorganic gases
in compressed, liquid and solid forms.
325120 Industrial gas manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial organic and
inorganic gases in compressed, liquid and solid forms.
Illustrative example(s)
• acetylene, manufacturing
• argon, manufacturing
• carbon dioxide, manufacturing
• fluorocarbon gases, manufacturing
• helium, manufacturing
• hydrogen, manufacturing
• neon, manufacturing
• nitrogen, manufacturing
• oxygen, manufacturing
32513 Synthetic dye and pigment manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing synthetic organic and inorganic dyes,
pigments, lakes and toners.
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325130 Synthetic dye and pigment manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing synthetic organic and
inorganic dyes, pigments, lakes and toners.
Illustrative example(s)
• chrome pigments (i.e., chrome green, chrome orange, chrome yellow), manufacturing
• colour pigments, inorganic (except bone, carbon and lamp black), manufacturing
• dyes, inorganic and synthetic organic, manufacturing
• food colouring, synthetic, manufacturing
• inorganic pigments (except carbon, bone and lamp black), manufacturing
• litharge, manufacturing
• titanium based pigments, manufacturing
• toners (except electrostatic, photographic), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing carbon, bone and lamp black pigments (see 325189 All other basic inorganic chemical
manufacturing)
• manufacturing wood or coal tar distillation products used as dyeing materials (see 325190 Other basic
organic chemical manufacturing)
• manufacturing paint (see 325510 Paint and coating manufacturing)
• manufacturing printing ink (see 325910 Printing ink manufacturing)
• manufacturing toners for photocopiers, laser printers and similar electrostatic printing devices (see 32599
All other chemical product manufacturing)
32518 Other basic inorganic chemical manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
basic inorganic chemicals.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing nitrogenous and phosphoric fertilizers (see 32531 Fertilizer manufacturing)
• manufacturing inorganic insecticidal, herbicidal and fungicidal preparations (see 325320 Pesticide and
other agricultural chemical manufacturing)
• manufacturing photographic chemicals (see 32599 All other chemical product manufacturing)
• manufacturing alumina (see 33131 Alumina and aluminum production and processing)
325181 Alkali and chlorine manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing alkalies and chlorine, often
using an electrolysis process.
Illustrative example(s)
• potassium hydroxide (i.e., caustic potash), manufacturing
• sodium bicarbonate (i.e., baking soda), manufacturing
• sodium carbonate (i.e., soda ash), manufacturing
• sodium hydroxide (i.e., caustic soda), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• mining and preparing alkalies (see 212396 Potash mining)
• manufacturing industrial bleaches (see 325189 All other basic inorganic chemical manufacturing)
• manufacturing household bleaches (see 325610 Soap and cleaning compound manufacturing)
• manufacturing chlorine preparations for swimming pools (see 325999 All other miscellaneous chemical
product manufacturing)
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325189 All other basic inorganic chemical manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing inorganic chemicals.
Illustrative example(s)
• ammonium chloride, manufacturing
• bleaching agents, inorganic, manufacturing
• carbides (e.g., boron, calcium, silicon, tungsten), manufacturing
• carbon, bone and lamp black pigments, manufacturing
• heavy water (i.e., deuterium oxide), manufacturing
• hydrogen peroxide, manufacturing
• iodine, crude or resublimed, manufacturing
• potassium salts, manufacturing
• radioactive elements, manufacturing
• sulphides and sulphites, manufacturing
• titanium dioxide, manufacturing
• zinc oxide, manufacturing
32519 Other basic organic chemical manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
basic organic chemicals. Establishments primarily engaged in coal tar distillation, the distillation of wood products or
the manufacture of ethanol (ethyl alcohol) for non-beverage use are included. The main products of this class are
vinyl chloride, methanol, alicyclic hydrocarbon, ethylene glycol, fatty acids and esters.
325190 Other basic organic chemical manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing basic organic chemicals. Establishments primarily engaged in coal tar distillation, the distillation of
wood products or the manufacture of ethanol (ethyl alcohol) for non-beverage use are included. The main products
of this class are vinyl chloride, methanol, alicyclic hydrocarbon, ethylene glycol, fatty acids and esters.
Illustrative example(s)
• alcohol, methyl (methanol), manufacturing
• bio-oil or bio-diesel, manufacture
• bleaching agents, organic, manufacturing
• charcoal (except activated), manufacturing
• coal tar distillates, manufacturing
• ethanol (ethyl alcohol), non-potable, manufacturing
• fatty acid esters and amines, manufacturing
• fatty acids (e.g., margaric, oleic (red oil), stearic), manufacturing
• plasticizers (i.e., basic synthetic chemicals), manufacturing
• silicone (except resins), manufacturing
• synthetic sweeteners (i.e., sweetening agents), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing natural food colourings (see 311940 Seasoning and dressing manufacturing)
• refining crude petroleum (see 324110 Petroleum refineries)
• manufacturing coal tar crudes in coke ovens (see 324190 Other petroleum and coal product
manufacturing)
• converting petroleum or natural gas liquid feedstocks into petrochemicals (see 325110 Petrochemical
manufacturing)
• manufacturing organic industrial gases (see 325120 Industrial gas manufacturing)
• manufacturing synthetic rubber (see 325210 Resin and synthetic rubber manufacturing)
• manufacturing urea (see 32531 Fertilizer manufacturing)
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• manufacturing organic insecticidal, herbicidal, fungicidal, and pesticidal preparations (see 325320
Pesticide and other agricultural chemical manufacturing)
• manufacturing natural glycerine (see 325610 Soap and cleaning compound manufacturing)
• manufacturing activated charcoal (see 325999 All other miscellaneous chemical product manufacturing)
3252 Resin, synthetic rubber, and artificial and synthetic fibres and filaments manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing polymers such as resins,
synthetic rubber, and textile fibres and filaments. Polymerization of monomers into polymers, for example of styrene
into polystyrene, is the basic process.
32521 Resin and synthetic rubber manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing synthetic resins, plastics materials and
synthetic rubber from basic organic chemicals.
325210 Resin and synthetic rubber manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing synthetic resins, plastics
materials and synthetic rubber from basic organic chemicals.
Illustrative example(s)
• elastomers, manufacturing
• ethylene-propylene rubber, manufacturing
• latex rubber, synthetic, manufacturing
• polyethylene resins, manufacturing
• polyethylene rubber, manufacturing
• polyethylene terephathalate (PET) resins, manufacturing
• polystyrene resins, manufacturing
• polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resins, manufacturing
• resins, plastics (except custom compounding purchased resins), manufacturing
• rosin (i.e., modified resins), manufacturing
• silicone rubber, manufacturing
• thermoplastic resins and plastics materials, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing rubber processing chemicals and plasticizers, from separate chemical elements or
compounds (see 325190 Other basic organic chemical manufacturing)
• manufacturing plastics adhesives (see 325520 Adhesive manufacturing)
• manufacturing rubber processing chemicals and plasticizers except from separate chemical elements or
compounds; custom compounding of resins produced elsewhere (see 32599 All other chemical product
manufacturing)
• processing rubber into intermediate or final products (see 3262 Rubber product manufacturing)
32522 Artificial and synthetic fibres and filaments manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing artificial and synthetic fibres and
filaments in the form of monofilament, filament yarn, staple or tow. Artificial fibres are made from organic polymers
derived from natural raw materials, mainly cellulose. Synthetic fibres are generally derived from petrochemicals.
Establishments that both manufacture and texture fibres are included.
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325220 Artificial and synthetic fibres and filaments manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing artificial and synthetic fibres
and filaments in the form of monofilament, filament yarn, staple or tow. Artificial fibres are made from organic
polymers derived from natural raw materials, mainly cellulose. Synthetic fibres are generally derived from
petrochemicals. Establishments that both manufacture and texture fibres are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• alginate fibres, manufacturing
• cellophane film or sheet, manufacturing
• cellulose acetate fibres and filaments, manufacturing
• nylon fibres and filaments, manufacturing
• polyester fibres and filaments, manufacturing
• polyethylene terephathalate (PET) fibres and filaments, manufacturing
• protein fibres and filaments, manufacturing
• rayon fibres and filaments, manufacturing
• yarn, monofilament, man-made, manufacturing and texturizing
Exclusion(s)
• texturizing artificial and synthetic fibres and filaments produced elsewhere (see 313110 Fibre, yarn and
thread mills)
• manufacturing glass fibres (see 32721 Glass and glass product manufacturing)
3253 Pesticide, fertilizer and other agricultural chemical manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing agricultural chemicals, including
nitrogenous and phosphoric fertilizer materials; mixed fertilizers; and agricultural and household pest control
chemicals.
32531 Fertilizer manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing nitrogenous or phosphoric fertilizer
materials and mixing these ingredients into fertilizers; and in purchasing ingredients and mixing them into fertilizers.
Establishments engaged in the manufacture of phosphoric acid, urea, ammonia and nitric acid, whether or not for
use as a fertilizer material, are included.
Exclusion(s)
• mining potash (see 212396 Potash mining)
• manufacturing agricultural lime products (see 327410 Lime manufacturing)
325313 Chemical fertilizer (except potash) manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing nitrogenous and phosphoric
fertilizer materials and mixing these ingredients with other ingredients into fertilizers. Establishments producing
natural organic fertilizers and mixtures (except compost) are included. Establishments engaged in the manufacture
of phosphoric acid, urea, ammonia and nitric acid, whether or not for use as a fertilizer material, are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• ammonia (i.e., anhydrous or ammonium hydroxyde), manufacturing
• ammonium and diammonium phosphates, manufacturing
• ammonium nitrate, manufacturing
• ammonium sulphate, manufacturing
• fertilizers, mixed, made in plants producing nitrogenous or phosphatic fertilizer materials
• fertilizers, natural organic (except compost), manufacturing
• nitrogenous fertilizer materials, manufacturing
• phosphatic fertilizer materials, manufacturing
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• phosphoric acid, manufacturing
• superphosphates, manufacturing
• urea, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• mining potash (see 212396 Potash mining)
• compost manufacturing (see 325314 Mixed fertilizer manufacturing)
325314 Mixed fertilizer manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mixing ingredients produced elsewhere into
fertilizers.
Illustrative example(s)
• mixing purchased fertilizer materials
• nitrogenous, phosphatic or potassic fertilizers, made by mixing purchased materials
• potting soil, manufacturing
• production of compost from organic waste
32532 Pesticide and other agricultural chemical manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing agricultural chemicals, except
fertilizers. Establishments engaged in manufacturing household pest control products are included.
325320 Pesticide and other agricultural chemical manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing agricultural chemicals,
except fertilizers. Establishments engaged in manufacturing household pest control products are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• fungicides, manufacturing
• herbicides, manufacturing
• insecticides, manufacturing
• pesticides, manufacturing
• plant growth regulators, manufacturing
• rodenticides, manufacturing
• soil conditioning preparations, manufacturing
• tick and flea powder or spray, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing basic chemicals requiring further processing or formulation before use as agriculture
chemicals (see 3251 Basic chemical manufacturing)
• manufacturing agricultural lime products (see 327410 Lime manufacturing)
3254 Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing drugs, medicines and related
products for human or animal use. Establishments in this industry may undertake one or more of several processes,
including basic processes, such as chemical synthesis, fermentation, distillation and solvent extraction; grading,
grinding and milling; and packaging in forms suitable for internal and external use, such as tablets, vials, ampoules
and ointments.
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32541 Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing drugs, medicines and related products
for human or animal use. Establishments in this industry may undertake one or more of several processes,
including basic processes, such as chemical synthesis, fermentation, distillation and solvent extraction; grading,
grinding and milling; and packaging in forms suitable for internal and external use, such as tablets, vials, ampoules
and ointments.
325410 Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing drugs, medicines and related
products for human or animal use. Establishments in this industry may undertake one or more of several processes,
including basic processes, such as chemical synthesis, fermentation, distillation and solvent extraction; grading,
grinding and milling; and packaging in forms suitable for internal and external use, such as tablets, vials, ampoules
and ointments.
Illustrative example(s)
• anesthetic preparations (general and local), manufacturing
• blood derivatives, manufacturing
• botanical and herb grinding and milling (i.e., for medicinal use)
• contact lens solutions, manufacturing
• medicinal chemicals, uncompounded, manufacturing
• nutraceuticals, botanical based, manufacturing
• topical pharmaceutical agents (e.g., antiseptics, antipruritics like corticosteroids and demulcents),
manufacturing
• vaccines (i.e., bacterial, viral), manufacturing
• veterinary medicinal preparations, manufacturing
• vitamin preparations, manufacturing
• water decontamination or purification tablets, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing food and beverage supplements and substitutes (classified in the industry of the specified
product)
3255 Paint, coating and adhesive manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paints, coatings and adhesives.
32551 Paint and coating manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mixing pigments, solvents and binders into paints,
stains and other coatings; and manufacturing related products.
325510 Paint and coating manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mixing pigments, solvents and binders into
paints, stains and other coatings; and manufacturing related products.
Illustrative example(s)
• dopes, paint and lacquer, manufacturing
• frit, manufacturing
• glaziers' putty, manufacturing
• latex paints (i.e., water-based), manufacturing
• paint and varnish removers, manufacturing
• paintbrush cleaners, manufacturing
• paints, oil and alkyd vehicle, manufacturing
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•
•
•
•
stains (except biological), manufacturing
varnishes, manufacturing
water repellent coatings for wood, concrete and masonry, manufacturing
wood fillers, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing synthetic organic and inorganic dyes, pigments, lakes and toners (see 325130 Synthetic
dye and pigment manufacturing)
• manufacturing turpentine (see 325190 Other basic organic chemical manufacturing)
• manufacturing caulking compounds (see 325520 Adhesive manufacturing)
• manufacturing artists' paints (see 339940 Office supplies (except paper) manufacturing)
32552 Adhesive manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing glue, adhesives and related products.
325520 Adhesive manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing glue, adhesives and related
products.
Illustrative example(s)
• adhesives (except asphalt, dental, gypsum-based), manufacturing
• caulking compounds (except gypsum-based), manufacturing
• epoxy adhesives, manufacturing
• joint compounds (except gypsum-based), manufacturing
• pipe sealing compounds, manufacturing
• rubber cement, manufacturing
• starch glues, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing roofing cement (see 324122 Asphalt shingle and coating material manufacturing)
• manufacturing gypsum-based caulking compounds, joint compounds and patching plaster (see 327420
Gypsum product manufacturing)
3256 Soap, cleaning compound and toilet preparation manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing soap and other cleaning
compounds and toilet preparations.
32561 Soap and cleaning compound manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing soap and other cleaning compounds.
325610 Soap and cleaning compound manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing soap and other cleaning
compounds.
Illustrative example(s)
• air fresheners, manufacturing
• bleaches, formulated for household use, manufacturing
• cleaning and polishing preparations, manufacturing
• detergents (e.g., dishwashing, industrial, laundry), manufacturing
• drain pipe cleaners, manufacturing
• drycleaning preparations, manufacturing
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•
•
•
•
•
fabric softeners, manufacturing
finishing agents, textile and leather, manufacturing
polishes, cleaners and waxes (e.g., automobile, furniture, metal, shoe, floor), manufacturing
soaps (e.g., bar, chip, powder), manufacturing
surface active agents, manufacturing
toothpastes, gels and tooth powders, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing industrial bleaches (see 325189 All other basic inorganic chemical manufacturing)
• manufacturing shampoos and shaving preparations (see 325620 Toilet preparation manufacturing)
32562 Toilet preparation manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in preparing, blending and compounding toilet
preparations.
325620 Toilet preparation manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in preparing, blending and compounding toilet
preparations.
Illustrative example(s)
• bath salts, manufacturing
• dental floss, manufacturing
• deodorants, personal, manufacturing
• dyes, hair, manufacturing
• face creams (e.g., cleansing, moisturizing), manufacturing
• hair preparations (e.g., conditioners, dyes, rinses, shampoos), manufacturing
• make-up (i.e., cosmetics), manufacturing
• perfumes, manufacturing
• shaving preparations (e.g., creams, gels, lotions, powders), manufacturing
• sunscreen and suntan lotions and oils, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing toothpaste (see 325610 Soap and cleaning compound manufacturing)
3259 Other chemical product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
manufacturing chemical products.
32591 Printing ink manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing printing inks and ink jet inks, whether
black or coloured. Establishments engaged in the manufacture of ink jet cartridges are included.
325910 Printing ink manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing printing inks and ink jet inks,
whether black or coloured. Establishments engaged in the manufacture of ink jet cartridges are included.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing toners for photocopiers, laser printers and similar electrostatic printing devices (see 325999
All other miscellaneous chemical product manufacturing)
• manufacturing writing, drawing and stamping ink (see 325999 All other miscellaneous chemical product
manufacturing)
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• recycling ink jet cartridges (see 811210 Electronic and precision equipment repair and maintenance)
32592 Explosives manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing explosive preparations, detonators for
explosives, and explosive devices, except ammunition.
325920 Explosives manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing explosive preparations,
detonators for explosives, and explosive devices, except ammunition.
Illustrative example(s)
• azides explosive materials, manufacturing
• blasting accessories (e.g., blasting caps, fuses, ignitors, squibbs), manufacturing
• detonators (except ammunition), manufacturing
• dynamite, manufacturing
• fuses, detonating and safety, manufacturing
• gunpowder, manufacturing
• nitroglycerin explosive materials, manufacturing
• trinitrotoluene (TNT), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing pyrotechnics (see 325999 All other miscellaneous chemical product manufacturing)
• manufacturing ammunition and detonators for ammunition (see 332999 All other miscellaneous fabricated
metal product manufacturing)
32599 All other chemical product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
chemical products.
325991 Custom compounding of purchased resins This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the custom mixing and blending of
purchased plastics resins; and compounding plastics resins from recycled plastics products.
Illustrative example(s)
• custom compounding (i.e., blending and mixing) of purchased plastics resins
• custom compounding of purchased resins
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing synthetic resins from basic organic chemicals (see 325210 Resin and synthetic rubber
manufacturing)
325999 All other miscellaneous chemical product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing chemical products.
Illustrative example(s)
• activated carbon and charcoal, manufacturing
• activated clays, earths and other mineral products, manufacturing
• aerosol can filling, on a job order or contract basis
• distilled water, manufacturing
• essential oils, natural, manufacturing
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
fireworks, manufacturing
hydraulic fluids, synthetic, manufacturing
inks (e.g., drawing, stamping, writing), manufacturing
photographic chemicals, manufacturing
solvents recovery service, on a contract or fee basis
toner cartridges, manufacturing or rebuilding
toners for photocopiers, laser printers and similar electrostatic printing devices, manufacturing
water softeners, manufacturing
326 Plastics and rubber products manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in making goods by processing raw rubber and plastics
materials. Rubber and plastics-based activities are combined in the same subsector because the technical
properties of these polymers are related.
Generally, establishments classified in this subsector manufacture products made of just one material, rubber or
plastics, with the major exception of tire manufacturing.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing synthetic resins from basic organic chemicals (see 325210 Resin and synthetic rubber
manufacturing)
• compounding plastics resins from recycled materials (see 325991 Custom compounding of purchased
resins)
3261 Plastic product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing intermediate or final products
from plastics resins, using such processes as compression moulding, extrusion moulding, injection moulding, blow
moulding and casting. The production process in most of these industries is such that a wide variety of products can
be produced. The plastics resins used by these establishments may be new or recycled.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing laminated film, sheet and bags of plastic combined with other materials (see 3222
Converted paper product manufacturing)
• manufacturing plastic hose and belting (see 3262 Rubber product manufacturing)
32611 Plastic packaging materials and unlaminated film and sheet manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastic resins into unsupported plastic films,
sheets and bags and those that form, coat or laminate unsupported plastic films and sheets into unsupported plastic
bags.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing plastic blister and bubble packaging (see 326198 All other plastic product manufacturing)
326111 Plastic bag and pouch manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins into unsupported
plastic bags and those that only form, coat or laminate plastic or cellulose films and sheets into unsupported plastic
bags. Establishments that manufacture bags and print on them are included.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing bags of plastic coated or laminated with other materials (see 322220 Paper bag and coated
and treated paper manufacturing)
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326114 Plastic film and sheet manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins into unsupported
plastic film and sheet.
Illustrative example(s)
• acrylic film and unlaminated sheet, manufacturing
• photographic, micrographic and X-ray plastics sheet and film (except sensitized), manufacturing
• plastics film and unlaminated sheet, manufacturing
• polyethylene film and unlaminated sheet, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing film or sheet of plastic coated or laminated with other materials (see 322220 Paper bag and
coated and treated paper manufacturing)
• manufacturing laminated plastic sheets (see 326130 Laminated plastic plate, sheet (except packaging),
and shape manufacturing)
32612 Plastic pipe, pipe fitting, and unlaminated profile shape manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing unsupported plastic profile shapes or
plastic pipes and pipe fittings.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing plastic plumbing fixtures (see 32619 Other plastic product manufacturing)
• manufacturing plastic hose (see 326220 Rubber and plastic hose and belting manufacturing)
• manufacturing non-current-carrying plastic conduit (see 33593 Wiring device manufacturing)
326121 Unlaminated plastic profile shape manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins into unsupported
plastic profile shapes, except films, sheets and bags.
Illustrative example(s)
• lay flat tubing, plastics, manufacturing
• profile shapes (e.g., rod, tube), non-rigid plastics, manufacturing
• sausage casings, plastics, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing unsupported plastic bags (see 326111 Plastic bag and pouch manufacturing)
• manufacturing unsupported plastic films and sheets (see 326114 Plastic film and sheet manufacturing)
• manufacturing rigid plastic pipe and tubing (see 326122 Plastic pipe and pipe fitting manufacturing)
326122 Plastic pipe and pipe fitting manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins into plastic pipes
and pipe fittings.
Illustrative example(s)
• plastic pipe and pipe fitting manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing unsupported plastic tubing (see 326121 Unlaminated plastic profile shape manufacturing)
• manufacturing plastic plumbing fixtures (see 326191 Plastic plumbing fixture manufacturing)
• manufacturing plastic hose (see 326220 Rubber and plastic hose and belting manufacturing)
• manufacturing non-current-carrying plastic conduit (see 335930 Wiring device manufacturing)
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32613 Laminated plastic plate, sheet (except packaging), and shape manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in laminating plastic profile shapes, such as plates,
sheets and rods. The lamination process generally involves bonding or impregnating profiles with plastics resins
and compressing them under heat.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing unsupported laminated plastic film, sheets and bags (see 32611 Plastic packaging
materials and unlaminated film and sheet manufacturing)
326130 Laminated plastic plate, sheet (except packaging), and shape manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in laminating plastic profile shapes, such as
plates, sheets and rods. The lamination process generally involves bonding or impregnating profiles with plastics
resins and compressing them under heat.
Illustrative example(s)
• profile shapes (e.g., plate, rod, sheet), laminated plastics, manufacturing
• window sheeting, laminated plastics, manufacturing
32614 Polystyrene foam product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting polystyrene resins into foam products.
326140 Polystyrene foam product manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting polystyrene resins into foam
products.
Illustrative example(s)
• coolers or ice chests, polystyrene foam, manufacturing
• dinnerware, polystyrene foam, manufacturing
• expanded polystyrene products, manufacturing
• food containers, polystyrene foam, manufacturing
• polystyrene foam product manufacturing
• profile shapes, polystyrene foam, manufacturing
• thermal insulation, polystyrene foam, manufacturing
32615 Urethane and other foam product (except polystyrene) manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins, other than polystyrene, into
foam products.
326150 Urethane and other foam product (except polystyrene) manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins, other than
polystyrene, into foam products.
Illustrative example(s)
• ice chests or coolers, foam plastics (except polystyrene), manufacturing
• insulation and cushioning, foam plastics (except polystyrene), manufacturing
• polyurethane foam products, manufacturing
• shipping pads and shaped cushioning, foam plastics (except polystyrene), manufacturing
• underlay, carpet and rug, foam plastics (except polystyrene), manufacturing
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32616 Plastic bottle manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in blow moulding or casting plastic bottles.
326160 Plastic bottle manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in blow moulding or casting plastic bottles.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing plastic containers, other than bottles (see 326198 All other plastic product manufacturing)
32619 Other plastic product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
plastic products.
326191 Plastic plumbing fixture manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing plastic plumbing fixtures.
Illustrative example(s)
• bathtubs, plastics, manufacturing
• cultured marble plumbing fixtures, manufacturing
• flush tanks, plastics, manufacturing
• plumbing fixtures (e.g., shower stalls, toilets, urinals), plastics or fibreglass, manufacturing
• portable toilets, plastics, manufacturing
• sinks, plastics, manufacturing
• toilet fixtures, plastics, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing plastic pipes and pipe fittings (see 326122 Plastic pipe and pipe fitting manufacturing)
326193 Motor vehicle plastic parts manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing plastic parts for motor
vehicles. These parts are produced by basic plastics processes, such as moulding and extrusion, without further
fabrication or assembly.
Illustrative example(s)
• fibreglass automobile body skins, manufacturing
• hardware, plastics, motor vehicle, manufacturing
• motor vehicle plastic parts (e.g., bumper components, lenses, mudguards), manufacturing
• plastics extrusions and mouldings, for making automobile parts, manufacturing
• trim, motor vehicle, plastic mouldings and extrusions, manufacturing
326196 Plastic window and door manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing plastic doors and windows.
Illustrative example(s)
• fibreglass window and door manufacturing
• plastic window and door manufacturing
• vinyl window and door manufacturing
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Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing plastic covered wood windows and doors (see 321911 Wood window and door
manufacturing)
326198 All other plastic product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing plastic products.
Illustrative example(s)
• closures, plastics, manufacturing
• combs, plastics, manufacturing
• containers, plastics (except foam; bottles and bags), manufacturing
• floor tiles (i.e., linoleum, rubber, vinyl), manufacturing
• hardware (except motor vehicle), plastics, manufacturing
• lamp shades, plastics, manufacturing
• packaging, plastics (e.g., blister, bubble), manufacturing
• plastics counter tops, not fabricated at the construction site, manufacturing
• resilient floor coverings (e.g., sheet, tile), manufacturing
• swimming pool covers and liners, plastic, manufacturing
• tableware, plastics (except foam), manufacturing
3262 Rubber product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in processing natural, synthetic or reclaimed
rubber materials into intermediate or final products using such processes as vulcanizing, cementing, moulding,
extruding and lathe-cutting.
32621 Tire manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing tires and inner tubes from natural and
synthetic rubber; and retreading or rebuilding tires.
326210 Tire manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing tires and inner tubes from
natural and synthetic rubber; and retreading or rebuilding tires.
Illustrative example(s)
• inner tubes, manufacturing
• motor vehicle tires, manufacturing
• tire retreading, recapping or rebuilding
• tread rubber (e.g., camelback), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing synthetic rubber (see 325210 Resin and synthetic rubber manufacturing)
• retailing and repairing tires (see 441320 Tire dealers)
• repairing tires (see 811199 All other automotive repair and maintenance)
32622 Rubber and plastic hose and belting manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing rubber and plastic hose (reinforced)
and belting from natural and synthetic rubber and/or plastics resins.
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326220 Rubber and plastic hose and belting manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing rubber and plastic hose
(reinforced) and belting from natural and synthetic rubber and/or plastics resins.
Illustrative example(s)
• belting, rubber (e.g., conveyor, elevator, transmission), manufacturing
• fan belts, rubber or plastic, manufacturing
• hose, rubberized fabric, manufacturing
• pneumatic hose, without fittings, rubber or plastic, manufacturing
• transmission belts, rubber, manufacturing
• V-belts, plastics, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing plastic tubing and pipe (see 32612 Plastic pipe, pipe fitting, and unlaminated profile shape
manufacturing)
• manufacturing rubber tubing (see 326290 Other rubber product manufacturing)
32629 Other rubber product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
rubber products.
326290 Other rubber product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing rubber products.
Illustrative example(s)
• birth control devices (e.g., diaphragms), rubber, manufacturing
• erasers, rubber, or rubber and abrasive combined, manufacturing
• mechanical rubber goods (i.e., extruded, lathe-cut, moulded), manufacturing
• pipe, hard rubber, manufacturing
• prophylactics (i.e., condoms), rubber, manufacturing
• reclaiming rubber from waste or scrap
• roofing (e.g., single-ply rubber membrane), manufacturing
• rubber bands, manufacturing
• stair treads, rubber, manufacturing
• thread, rubber (except fabric covered), manufacturing
• toy inflatable rubber swimming pool rafts, manufacturing
• weatherstripping, rubber, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• rubberizing fabric (see 313320 Fabric coating)
327 Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-metallic mineral products. These
establishments cut, grind, shape and finish granite, marble, limestone, slate and other stone; mix non-metallic
minerals with chemicals and other additives; and heat non-metallic mineral preparations to make products, such as
bricks, refractories, ceramic products, cement and glass.
Exclusion(s)
• beneficiating non-metallic minerals (see 212 Mining and quarrying (except oil and gas))
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3271 Clay product and refractory manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pottery, ceramic and structural
clay products.
32711 Pottery, ceramics and plumbing fixture manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in shaping, moulding, glazing and firing pottery, ceramics
and plumbing fixtures. These products may be made of clay or other materials with similar properties.
Establishments that fire and decorate white china (whiteware) for the trade are included.
327110 Pottery, ceramics and plumbing fixture manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in shaping, moulding, glazing and firing
pottery, ceramics and plumbing fixtures. These products may be made of clay or other materials with similar
properties. Establishments that fire and decorate white china (whiteware) for the trade are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• bathroom accessories, vitreous china and earthenware, manufacturing
• china tableware, vitreous, manufacturing
• electrical insulators, porcelain, manufacturing
• garden pottery, manufacturing
• kitchenware, china, earthenware, pottery or stoneware, manufacturing
• plumbing fixtures, vitreous china, manufacturing
• pottery products, manufacturing
32712 Clay building material and refractory manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in shaping, moulding, baking, burning and hardening
building materials and refractories. These products may be made of clay or other materials with similar properties.
327120 Clay building material and refractory manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in shaping, moulding, baking, burning and
hardening building materials and refractories. These products may be made of clay or other materials with similar
properties.
Illustrative example(s)
• ceramic tile, floor and wall, manufacturing
• clay brick, manufacturing
• flue lining, clay, manufacturing
• refractories (e.g., block, brick, mortar, tile), manufacturing
• refractory cement and mortar, manufacturing
• structural clay tile, manufacturing
3272 Glass and glass product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing glass and glass products.
32721 Glass and glass product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing glass and glass products.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing windows (see 32191 Millwork)
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• manufacturing fibreglass insulation (see 327990 All other non-metallic mineral product manufacturing)
• manufacturing optical fibre cable, made of individually sheathed strands (see 335920 Communication and
energy wire and cable manufacturing)
• manufacturing fibreglass boats (see 33661 Ship and boat building)
327214 Glass manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in making glass from sand and cullet. These
establishments may also make glass products. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing unsheathed
optical fibres, and bundles and cables made of unsheathed fibres, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• Christmas tree ornaments, glass, made in glass-making plants
• containers packaging, bottling and canning, made in glass-making plants
• flat glass (e.g., float, plate), made in glass-making plants
• glass blocks and bricks, made in glass-making plants
• glass yarn, made in glass-making plants
• insulating glass, sealed units, made in glass-making plants
• optical fibres, strands, bundles and cables, unsheathed, made in glass-making plants
• safety glass (including motor vehicle), made in glass-making plants
• stained glass and stained glass products, made in glass-making plants
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing optical fibre cable, made of individually sheathed glass strands (see 335920
Communication and energy wire and cable manufacturing)
327215 Glass product manufacturing from purchased glass This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in remelting, pressing, blowing or otherwise
shaping purchased glass.
Illustrative example(s)
• containers for packaging, bottling and canning, made from purchased glass
• glass product manufacturing, made from purchased glass
• insulating glass, sealed units, made from purchased glass
• lamp shades, made from purchased glass
• mirrors, framed or unframed, made from purchased glass
• optical fibres, strands, bundles and cables, unsheathed, made from purchased glass
• safety glass (including motor vehicle), made from purchased glass
• stained glass and stained glass products, made from purchased glass
3273 Cement and concrete product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing hydraulic cement, ready-mix
concrete, concrete bricks, pipes and blocks, and other concrete products.
32731 Cement manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the production of clinker and subsequent grinding of
clinker using either dry or wet production processes.
327310 Cement manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the production of clinker and subsequent
grinding of clinker using either dry or wet production processes.
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Illustrative example(s)
• cement (e.g., hydraulic, masonry, portland, pozzolana), manufacturing
• manufacturing dry-batched ready-mix concrete
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing refractory cements (see 32712 Clay building material and refractory manufacturing)
32732 Ready-mix concrete manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mixing together water, cement, sand, gravel or
crushed stone to make concrete, and delivering it to a purchaser in a plastic or unhardened state.
327320 Ready-mix concrete manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mixing together water, cement, sand, gravel
or crushed stone to make concrete, and delivering it to a purchaser in a plastic or unhardened state.
Illustrative example(s)
• concrete batch plants (including temporary)
• ready-mix concrete manufacturing and distribution
Exclusion(s)
• mixing concrete, or pouring ready-mix concrete, at a construction site (see 238110 Poured concrete
foundation and structure contractors)
• manufacturing dry-batched ready-mix concrete (see 327310 Cement manufacturing)
32733 Concrete pipe, brick and block manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing concrete pipes, bricks and blocks from
a mixture of cement, water and aggregate.
327330 Concrete pipe, brick and block manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing concrete pipes, bricks and
blocks from a mixture of cement, water and aggregate.
Illustrative example(s)
• blocks, concrete and cinder (i.e., clinker), manufacturing
• bricks, concrete, manufacturing
• paving blocks, concrete, manufacturing
• pipe, concrete, manufacturing
• precast concrete blocks, pipes and bricks, manufacturing
• prestressed concrete blocks, bricks and pipes, manufacturing
32739 Other concrete product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
concrete products.
327390 Other concrete product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing concrete products.
Illustrative example(s)
• catch basin covers, concrete, manufacturing
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
floor slabs, precast concrete, manufacturing
furniture, concrete (e.g., benches, tables), manufacturing
poles, concrete, manufacturing
precast concrete products (except block, brick, pipe), manufacturing
prestressed concrete products (except block, brick, pipe), manufacturing
roofing tile, concrete, manufacturing
storage tanks, concrete, manufacturing
terrazzo products, precast (except block, brick and pipe), manufacturing
3274 Lime and gypsum product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing lime and gypsum products.
32741 Lime manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing quicklime, hydrated lime and
dead-burned dolomite by crushing, screening and roasting limestone, dolomite shells or other sources of calcium
carbonate.
327410 Lime manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing quicklime, hydrated lime and
dead-burned dolomite by crushing, screening and roasting limestone, dolomite shells or other sources of calcium
carbonate.
Illustrative example(s)
• lime (e.g., agricultural, calcium hydroxide, calcium oxide, dolomitic), manufacturing
32742 Gypsum product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing products composed wholly or chiefly of
gypsum.
327420 Gypsum product manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing products composed wholly or
chiefly of gypsum.
Illustrative example(s)
• art goods (e.g., gypsum, plaster of Paris), manufacturing
• drywall cement and panels, gypsum-based, manufacturing
• gypsum building products, manufacturing
• joint compounds, gypsum-based, manufacturing
• ornamental and architectural plaster work (e.g., columns, mantels, mouldings), manufacturing
• plaster, gypsum, manufacturing
• wallboard, gypsum, manufacturing
3279 Other non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
manufacturing non-metallic mineral products.
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32791 Abrasive product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing abrasive grinding wheels,
abrasive-coated materials and other abrasive products.
327910 Abrasive product manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing abrasive grinding wheels,
abrasive-coated materials and other abrasive products.
Illustrative example(s)
• artificial corundum, manufacturing
• polishing and grinding wheels, manufacturing
• sandpaper, manufacturing
• silicon carbide abrasives, manufacturing
• steel shot abrasives, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing metallic scouring sponges and soap-impregnated scouring pads (see 332999 All other
miscellaneous fabricated metal product manufacturing)
32799 All other non-metallic mineral product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
non-metallic mineral products.
327990 All other non-metallic mineral product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing non-metallic mineral products.
Illustrative example(s)
• dimension stone for buildings, manufacturing
• dry mix concrete, manufacturing
• fibreglass insulation products, manufacturing
• mica products, manufacturing
• mineral wool products (e.g., board, insulation, tile), manufacturing
• monuments and tombstones, cut stone (except finishing or lettering to order only), manufacturing
• pulpits, stone, manufacturing
• stone, cut products (e.g., blocks, statuary), manufacturing
• stucco and stucco products, manufacturing
• synthetic stones, for gem stones and industrial use, manufacturing
• tile, acoustical, mineral wool, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing asbestos brake and clutch linings (see 336340 Motor vehicle brake system manufacturing)
• manufacturing asbestos gaskets and gasket materials (see 33999 All other miscellaneous manufacturing)
331 Primary metal manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in smelting and refining ferrous and non-ferrous metals
from ore, pig or scrap in blast or electric furnaces. Metal alloys are made with the introduction of other chemical
elements. The output of smelting and refining, usually in ingot form, is used in rolling and drawing operations to
produce sheet, strip, bars, rods and wire, and in molten form to produce castings and other basic metal products.
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Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing metal forgings or stampings (see 332 Fabricated metal product manufacturing)
3311 Iron and steel mills and ferro-alloy manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in smelting iron ore and steel scrap to produce pig
iron in molten or solid form; converting pig iron into steel by the removal, through combustion in furnaces, of the
carbon in the iron. These establishments may cast ingots only, or also produce iron and steel basic shapes, such as
plates, sheets, strips, rods and bars, and other fabricated products. Electric arc furnace mini-mills are included.
Establishments primarily engaged in producing ferro-alloys are also included.
33111 Iron and steel mills and ferro-alloy manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in smelting iron ore and steel scrap to produce pig iron in
molten or solid form; converting pig iron into steel by the removal, through combustion in furnaces, of the carbon in
the iron. These establishments may cast ingots only, or also produce iron and steel basic shapes, such as plates,
sheets, strips, rods and bars, and other fabricated products. Electric arc furnace mini-mills are included.
Establishments primarily engaged in producing ferro-alloys are also included.
331110 Iron and steel mills and ferro-alloy manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in smelting iron ore and steel scrap to produce
pig iron in molten or solid form; converting pig iron into steel by the removal, through combustion in furnaces, of the
carbon in the iron. These establishments may cast ingots only, or also produce iron and steel basic shapes, such as
plates, sheets, strips, rods and bars, and other fabricated products. Electric arc furnace mini-mills are included.
Establishments primarily engaged in producing ferro-alloys are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• blast furnaces
• direct reduction of iron ore
• electric arc furnace steel mills
• iron ore recovery from open hearth slag
• reclaiming iron and steel scrap from slag
Exclusion(s)
• operating coke ovens (see 324190 Other petroleum and coal product manufacturing)
• manufacturing iron and steel pipe and tube, from purchased metal (see 331210 Iron and steel pipes and
tubes manufacturing from purchased steel)
• manufacturing iron and steel basic shapes by cold-rolling purchased metal, or drawing wire from
purchased bars, rod or wire (see 33122 Rolling and drawing of purchased steel)
3312 Steel product manufacturing from purchased steel
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing iron and steel pipe and tube,
drawing steel wire, and rolling steel shapes, from purchased steel.
33121 Iron and steel pipes and tubes manufacturing from purchased steel
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the production of welded or seamless iron and steel
pipes and tubes, and heavy, rivetted steel pipes, from purchased steel.
331210 Iron and steel pipes and tubes manufacturing from purchased steel
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the production of welded or seamless iron
and steel pipes and tubes, and heavy, rivetted steel pipes, from purchased steel.
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33122 Rolling and drawing of purchased steel
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in drawing wire or rolling sheets, strips and bars from
purchased iron or steel.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing wire products from wire drawn in other establishments (see 33261 Spring and wire product
manufacturing)
331221 Cold-rolled steel shape manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cold-rolling steel bars, sheets, strips and
other steel shapes, from purchased steel. Establishments primarily engaged in re-heating purchased steel, and
hot-rolling steel shapes, are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• cold-rolled steel shapes (e.g., bar, plate, rod, sheet, strip), made from purchased steel
• hot-rolling purchased steel
• wire, flat, rolled strip, made from purchased iron or steel
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing steel shapes from steel made in the same establishment (see 331110 Iron and steel mills
and ferro-alloy manufacturing)
331222 Steel wire drawing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in drawing purchased iron or steel rods, bars
or wire through a die, to produce wire. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing steel wire and manufacturing
wire products are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• barbed and twisted wire, made in wire drawing plants
• drawing wire from purchased iron or steel
• drawing wire from purchased iron or steel and fabricating wire products
• wire garment hangers, iron or steel, made in wire drawing plants
• wire, iron or steel, electric, made in wire drawing plants
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing ferrous wire from iron or steel produced in the same establishment (see 331110 Iron and
steel mills and ferro-alloy manufacturing)
• drawing aluminum wire (see 331317 Aluminum rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying)
• drawing copper wire (see 331420 Copper rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying)
• drawing non-ferrous wire, except copper and aluminum (see 331490 Non-ferrous metal (except copper
and aluminum) rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying)
• manufacturing non-insulated wire products from wire drawn in other establishments (see 332619 Other
fabricated wire product manufacturing)
3313 Alumina and aluminum production and processing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in extracting alumina generally from bauxite ore;
producing aluminum from alumina; refining aluminum by any process; and rolling, drawing, casting, extruding and
alloying aluminum and aluminum-based alloy basic shapes.
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33131 Alumina and aluminum production and processing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in extracting alumina generally from bauxite ore;
producing aluminum from alumina; refining aluminum by any process; and rolling, drawing, casting, extruding and
alloying aluminum and aluminum-based alloy basic shapes.
Exclusion(s)
• pouring non-ferrous molten metal into moulds, or under pressure into dies, to form castings (see 33152
Non-ferrous metal foundries)
331313 Primary production of alumina and aluminum This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in extracting alumina generally from bauxite or
producing aluminum from alumina. Establishments engaged in secondary activities, such as rolling, drawing ,
casting or extruding basic shapes, from aluminum produced in the same establishment, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• alumina (aluminum oxide), refining from bauxite
• aluminum basic shapes (e.g., bar, ingot, rod, sheet), made in primary aluminum plants
• primary smelting of aluminum
Exclusion(s)
• rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying purchased aluminum (see 331317 Aluminum rolling, drawing,
extruding and alloying)
331317 Aluminum rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in rolling purchased aluminum ingots; further
hot or cold-rolling to produce sheet, plate or foil; drawing aluminum alloys into products such as wire; extruding
basic shapes; and alloying or re-alloying aluminum or aluminum alloys. Establishments primarily engaged in
drawing aluminum wire, whether or not the establishment further works the wire by such operations as insulating it,
are included. Establishments primarily engaged in recovering aluminum from scrap are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• aluminum basic shapes (e.g., bar, ingot, rod, sheet), made from purchased aluminum
• aluminum foil and sheet, made by flat rolling purchased aluminum
• aluminum wire and cable, made from purchased aluminum
• aluminum, recovering from scrap or dross
• insulated aluminum wire (e.g., apparatus, energy, coaxial, communication) made in aluminum wire drawing
plants
• molten aluminum, made from purchased aluminum
• wire, aluminum, made in wire drawing plants
Exclusion(s)
• rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying aluminum produced in the same establishment (see 331313 Primary
production of alumina and aluminum)
3314 Non-ferrous metal (except aluminum) production and processing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in smelting, refining, rolling, drawing, extruding
and alloying non-ferrous metal, except aluminum.
Exclusion(s)
• smelting, refining, rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying aluminum (see 3313 Alumina and aluminum
production and processing)
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33141 Non-ferrous metal (except aluminum) smelting and refining
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in smelting non-ferrous metals, except aluminum, from
ores; and refining these metals by electrolytic or other processes. Establishments engaged in secondary activities,
such as rolling or extruding basic shapes, from metal produced in the same establishment, are included.
331410 Non-ferrous metal (except aluminum) smelting and refining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in smelting non-ferrous metals, except
aluminum, from ores; and refining these metals by electrolytic or other processes. Establishments engaged in
secondary activities, such as rolling or extruding basic shapes, from metal produced in the same establishment, are
included.
Illustrative example(s)
• chromium smelting and primary refining
• cobalt smelting and primary refining
• copper alloys, made in primary copper smelting and refining mills
• lead smelting and primary refining
• magnesium smelting and primary refining
• nickel smelting and primary refining
• precious metals smelting and primary refining
• selenium smelting and primary refining
• tin smelting and primary refining
• titanium smelting and primary refining
• uranium smelting and primary refining
• zinc smelting and primary refining
Exclusion(s)
• producing bullion at a mine site (see 212220 Gold and silver ore mining)
• aluminum smelting and refining (see 33131 Alumina and aluminum production and processing)
• rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying purchased copper (see 331420 Copper rolling, drawing, extruding
and alloying)
• rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying purchased non-ferrous metals, except aluminum and copper (see
331490 Non-ferrous metal (except copper and aluminum) rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying)
33142 Copper rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in rolling, drawing, extruding and re-alloying copper,
brass, bronze and other copper-based alloys, to produce products such as plates, sheets, strips, bars, wire and
tubing, and specialty alloys. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing copper wire (whether or not the
establishment further works the wire by such operations as insulating it), and in recovering copper from scrap, are
included.
331420 Copper rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in rolling, drawing, extruding and re-alloying
copper, brass, bronze and other copper-based alloys, to produce products such as plates, sheets, strips, bars, wire
and tubing, and specialty alloys. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing copper wire (whether or not the
establishment further works the wire by such operations as insulating it), and in recovering copper from scrap, are
included.
Illustrative example(s)
• brass products, made by rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying purchased metal
• bronze products, made by rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying purchased metal
• copper alloys (e.g., brass, bronze), made from purchased metals and copper-based alloys
• copper refining, secondary (i.e., from purchased metal or scrap)
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• foil, copper and copper alloy, made by rolling purchased metal or scrap
• tubing, copper and copper alloy, made from purchased metal or scrap
• wire, copper and copper alloy, made in wire drawing plants
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing copper and copper alloy products in a smelter or refinery (see 331410 Non-ferrous metal
(except aluminum) smelting and refining)
• casting copper (see 33152 Non-ferrous metal foundries)
• insulating purchased copper wire and cable (see 335920 Communication and energy wire and cable
manufacturing)
33149 Non-ferrous metal (except copper and aluminum) rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in rolling, drawing,
extruding and re-alloying non-ferrous metals, to produce products such as plates, sheets, strips, bars, wire and
tubing, and specialty alloys. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing wire of these metals (whether or not the
establishment further works the wire by such operations as insulating it), and in recovering these metals from scrap,
are included.
331490 Non-ferrous metal (except copper and aluminum) rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying
This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in rolling, drawing, extruding and re-alloying non-ferrous metals, to produce products such as plates, sheets, strips,
bars, wire and tubing, and specialty alloys. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing wire of these metals
(whether or not the establishment further works the wire by such operations as insulating it), and in recovering
these metals from scrap, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• alloying purchased non-ferrous metals (except aluminum, copper)
• alloying purchased precious metals
• gold foil and leaf, made by rolling purchased metal or scrap
• rolling, drawing and extruding purchased non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper)
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing non-ferrous metal (except aluminum) products in a smelter or refinery (see 331410
Non-ferrous metal (except aluminum) smelting and refining)
• insulating purchased wire and cable (see 335920 Communication and energy wire and cable
manufacturing)
3315 Foundries
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in pouring molten metal into moulds or dies to
form castings.
Exclusion(s)
• forging and stamping metal (see 3321 Forging and stamping)
33151 Ferrous metal foundries
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in pouring molten iron or steel into moulds to produce
castings. These establishments generally operate on a job order basis, manufacturing castings for sale or transfer
to other establishments.
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Exclusion(s)
• producing iron and steel castings and further fabricating them, such as by machining and assembling
(classified in the industry of the specified product)
331511 Iron foundries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in pouring molten pig iron or alloy irons, into
moulds to manufacture castings.
Illustrative example(s)
• castings, unfinished, iron (e.g., ductile, grey, malleable, semisteel), manufacturing
• engine block castings, iron, unfinished, manufacturing
• grinding balls, cast iron, manufacturing
• hydrants, unfinished iron castings, manufacturing
• industrial moulds for casting steel ingots, manufacturing
• pipe and fittings, cast iron (e.g., soil, pressure), manufacturing
331514 Steel foundries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in pouring molten steel into investment moulds
or full moulds to manufacture steel castings.
Illustrative example(s)
• investment castings, steel, unfinished, manufacturing
• rolling mill rolls, steel, manufacturing
33152 Non-ferrous metal foundries
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in pouring non-ferrous molten metal into moulds, or
under pressure into dies, to form castings.
331523 Non-ferrous die-casting foundries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in introducing molten, non-ferrous metal, such
as aluminum, copper or zinc, under high pressure, into a metal mould or die to manufacture castings.
Illustrative example(s)
• copper die-casting foundries
• die-castings, aluminum, unfinished, manufacturing
• die-castings, non-ferrous metals, unfinished, manufacturing
• nickel die-castings, unfinished, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing non-ferrous castings without using high pressure (see 331529 Non-ferrous foundries
(except die-casting))
331529 Non-ferrous foundries (except die-casting) This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in pouring non-ferrous molten metal, such as aluminum, copper or zinc, into moulds, without using high pressure, to
manufacture castings.
Illustrative example(s)
• aluminum foundries (except die-castings)
• castings (except die-castings), copper, unfinished, manufacturing
• investment castings, non-ferrous metals (except aluminum, copper), unfinished, manufacturing
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• nickel castings (except die-castings), unfinished, manufacturing
• permanent mould castings, non-ferrous metals (except aluminum, copper), unfinished, manufacturing
• sand castings, non-ferrous metals (except aluminum, copper), unfinished, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing non-ferrous castings using high pressure (see 331523 Non-ferrous die-casting foundries)
332 Fabricated metal product manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in forging, stamping, forming, turning and joining
processes to produce ferrous and non-ferrous metal products, such as cutlery and hand tools, architectural and
structural metal products, boilers, tanks and shipping containers, hardware, spring and wire products, turned
products, and bolts, nuts and screws.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing metal products by rolling, drawing, extruding, alloying or casting (see 331 Primary metal
manufacturing)
3321 Forging and stamping
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in shaping hot metal by forging to produce a part
near its final size and shape; or pressing and cutting sheet metal stock to form stampings. These establishments
generally operate on a job or order basis, manufacturing metal stampings or forgings for sale to others or for
inter-plant transfer. These establishments may surface-finish the forgings and stampings produced, by such
activities as deburring and grinding, but they do not further process them.
33211 Forging and stamping
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in shaping hot metal by forging to produce a part near its
final size and shape; or pressing and cutting sheet metal stock to form stampings. These establishments generally
operate on a job or order basis, manufacturing metal stampings or forgings for sale to others or for inter-plant
transfer. These establishments may surface-finish the forgings and stampings produced, by such activities as
deburring and grinding, but they do not further process them.
Exclusion(s)
• making forgings or stampings, and then further processing them, for example by machining (classified
according to the particular product or process)
332113 Forging This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in hot forming metal using hammers or
presses to forge parts. The forging process involves the use of dies to draw out or increase the length of a part,
squeezing the part to reduce its length and increase its cross section, or piercing the part to create a cavity. Forging
techniques include hammer, drop, press, upset, roll and hydraulic forging. These establishments may surface-finish
the forgings produced, by such activities as deburring and grinding, but they do not further process them.
Illustrative example(s)
• cold forgings, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel
• engine and turbine forgings, unfinished, made from purchased metal
• forgings, ferrous, unfinished, made from purchased non-ferrous metal
• hammer forgings, unfinished, made from purchased metal
• hot forgings, unfinished, made from purchased metal
• iron forgings, unfinished, made from purchased iron
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332118 Stamping This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in using a press to form and cut sheet-metal
stock in one or a series of operations. The operations can be done in a single press closing with a mated die, or
with several press closings and multiple dies. The part involved may have holes, slots, notches or features formed
in it and be cut to size and deburred, but is otherwise essentially completed by the stamping operation.
Establishments primarily engaged in custom roll-forming, using the rotary motion of rolls with various profiles to
bend metal, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• bottle caps and tops, metal, stamping
• closures, metal, stamping
• custom roll forming of metal products
• gutters and down spouts, sheet metal, roll formed, manufacturing
• lids, jar, metal, stamping
• powder metallurgy products, manufactured on a job or order basis
• spinning unfinished metal products
• stampings (except automotive, cans, coins), metal, unfinished, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing motor vehicle stampings (see 336370 Motor vehicle metal stamping)
3322 Cutlery and hand tool manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-precious and precious
plated cutlery and flatware. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing files and other hand and edge tools
for metalworking, woodworking and general maintenance are included.
33221 Cutlery and hand tool manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-precious and precious plated
cutlery and flatware. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing files and other hand and edge tools for
metalworking, woodworking and general maintenance are included.
332210 Cutlery and hand tool manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-precious and precious
plated cutlery and flatware. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing files and other hand and edge tools
for metalworking, woodworking and general maintenance are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• agricultural hand tools (e.g., hay forks, hoes, rakes, spades), non-powered, manufacturing
• blades, knife and razor, manufacturing
• edge tools for woodworking (e.g., augers, bits, gimlets, countersinks), non-powered manufacturing
• flatware or cutlery (e.g., forks, spoons, knives), base metal plated with precious metal, manufacturing
• flatware or cutlery (e.g., forks, spoons, knives), non-precious metal, manufacturing
• jacks (screw and ratchet), motor vehicle, manufacturing
• kitchen utensils (e.g., colanders, garlic presses, ice cream scoops, spatulas), fabricated metal,
manufacturing
• measuring tools, machinists' (except optical), manufacturing
• mechanics' hand tools, non-powered, manufacturing
• saws, hand, non-powered, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing precious metal cutlery (see 339910 Jewellery and silverware manufacturing)
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3323 Architectural and structural metals manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in fabricating metal products for structural or
architectural purposes.
33231 Plate work and fabricated structural product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in fabricating plate work and structural products by
cutting, punching, bending, shaping and welding purchased steel plate.
332311 Prefabricated metal building and component manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing prefabricated and
pre-engineered metal buildings.
Illustrative example(s)
• aircraft hangars, pre-engineered, metal, manufacturing
• farm buildings, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
• garden sheds, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
• pre-engineered metal buildings, manufacturing
• utility buildings, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing prefabricated wood frame buildings (see 321992 Prefabricated wood building
manufacturing)
332314 Concrete reinforcing bar manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing assemblies and other
fabrications of concrete reinforcing bars by cutting, bending, shaping purchased deformed reinforcing bar.
Illustrative example(s)
• rebar (deformed steel bars for concrete reinforcement), manufacturing
332319 Other plate work and fabricated structural product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in fabricating plate work and structural products by cutting, punching, bending, shaping and welding purchased
steel plate. This work may be done according to custom or standard design, for factory or field assembly. These
establishments may engage in both fabrication and installation.
Illustrative example(s)
• bridge sections, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
• fabricated bar joists, manufacturing
• girders for bridges and buildings, fabricated metal, manufacturing
• joists, open web steel, long-span series, manufacturing
• ship sections, prefabricated metal, manufacturing
• transmission towers and masts, prefabricated, manufacturing
• tunnel lining, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
• weldments, manufacturing
33232 Ornamental and architectural metal product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing doors, windows, and other ornamental
and architectural metal products.
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332321 Metal window and door manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal (typically steel or
aluminum) doors and windows, sash, door and window frames, and screens, moulding and trim.
Illustrative example(s)
• door frames and sash, metal, manufacturing
• shutters, door and window, metal, manufacturing
• skylights, metal frame, manufacturing
• weather strip, metal, manufacturing
• window screens, metal frame, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing wood windows and doors, metal-covered (see 321911 Wood window and door
manufacturing)
332329 Other ornamental and architectural metal product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing ornamental and architectural metal products.
Illustrative example(s)
• eavestroughs, sheet metal, manufacturing
• fences and gates (except wire), metal, manufacturing
• fire escapes, metal, manufacturing
• flooring, open steel (i.e., grating), manufacturing
• grillwork, ornamental metal, manufacturing
• siding, sheet metal, manufacturing
• stairs, metal, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing prefabricated metal buildings (see 332311 Prefabricated metal building and component
manufacturing)
• manufacturing fences and gates from purchased wire (see 332619 Other fabricated wire product
manufacturing)
3324 Boiler, tank and shipping container manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting, forming and joining metal to
manufacture products, such as power boilers, heat exchangers and tanks of heavy gauge metal, and cans, boxes
and other light gauge metal containers.
33241 Power boiler and heat exchanger manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing power boilers and parts (including
nuclear generated steam), and industrial heat exchangers, by the process of cutting, forming and joining metal
plates, bars, sheets, pipe mill products and tubing, to custom or standard design, for factory or field assembly.
These establishments may engage in both fabrication and installation.
332410 Power boiler and heat exchanger manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing power boilers and parts
(including nuclear generated steam), and industrial heat exchangers, by the process of cutting, forming and joining
metal plates, bars, sheets, pipe mill products and tubing, to custom or standard design, for factory or field assembly.
These establishments may engage in both fabrication and installation.
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Illustrative example(s)
• condenser boxes, metal, manufacturing
• heat exchangers, manufacturing
• intercooler shells, manufacturing
• nuclear reactor steam supply systems, manufacturing
• nuclear reactors, manufacturing
• power boilers, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• erecting purchased boilers (see 238220 Plumbing, heating and air-conditioning contractors)
• manufacturing cast iron sectional heating boilers (see 333416 Heating equipment and commercial
refrigeration equipment manufacturing)
33242 Metal tank (heavy gauge) manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting, forming and joining heavy gauge steel to
manufacture tanks. Establishments primarily engaged in fabricating and erecting large storage tanks, which must
be assembled at the site, are included.
332420 Metal tank (heavy gauge) manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting, forming and joining heavy gauge
steel to manufacture tanks. Establishments primarily engaged in fabricating and erecting large storage tanks, which
must be assembled at the site, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• bulk storage tanks, heavy gauge steel, manufacturing
• cylinders, pressure, manufacturing
• oil and gas storage tanks, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
• pots (e.g., annealing, melting, smelting), heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
• septic tanks, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
• vacuum tanks, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing tanks for tank trucks (see 33621 Motor vehicle body and trailer manufacturing)
33243 Metal can, box and other metal container (light gauge) manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in forming light gauge metal to manufacture cans and
other metal containers to store or transport products.
332431 Metal can manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal cans, lids, and ends.
Illustrative example(s)
• aerosol cans, manufacturing
• can lids and ends, metal, manufacturing
• cans, metal (e.g., food, beverage), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing metal shipping containers (see 332439 Other metal container manufacturing)
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332439 Other metal container manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal (light gauge)
containers (except cans).
Illustrative example(s)
• air cargo containers, light gauge metal, manufacturing
• bins (e.g., grain and feed storage), light gauge metal, manufacturing
• boxes, light gauge metal, manufacturing
• collapsible tubes (e.g., toothpaste, glue), light gauge metal, manufacturing
• coolers and ice chests (except foam plastics), manufacturing
• drums, light gauge metal, manufacturing
• garbage or trash cans, light gauge metal, manufacturing
• shipping barrels, drums, kegs and pails, light gauge metal, manufacturing
• tool boxes, light gauge metal, manufacturing
• vats, light gauge metal, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing metal cans (see 332431 Metal can manufacturing)
• reconditioning drums and shipping containers (see 811310 Commercial and industrial machinery and
equipment (except automotive and electronic) repair and maintenance)
3325 Hardware manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal hardware.
33251 Hardware manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal hardware.
332510 Hardware manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal hardware.
Illustrative example(s)
• builders' hardware, metal, manufacturing
• furniture hardware, metal, manufacturing
• hinges, metal, manufacturing
• key blanks, manufacturing
• locks (except coin-operated and time), manufacturing
• luggage hardware, metal, manufacturing
• marine hardware, metal, manufacturing
• motor vehicle hardware, metal, manufacturing
3326 Spring and wire product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wire products made from
purchased wire.
33261 Spring and wire product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wire products made from purchased
wire.
Exclusion(s)
• drawing iron or steel wire (see 331110 Iron and steel mills and ferro-alloy manufacturing)
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• drawing aluminum wire (see 33131 Alumina and aluminum production and processing)
• drawing copper wire (see 331420 Copper rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying)
• drawing non-ferrous wire, except copper and aluminum (see 331490 Non-ferrous metal (except copper
and aluminum) rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying)
• manufacturing electrical wire by insulating purchased wire (see 335920 Communication and energy wire
and cable manufacturing)
332611 Spring (heavy gauge) manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing heavy gauge springs. These
springs are typically used in machinery, motor vehicles and other transportation equipment.
Illustrative example(s)
• automobile springs (e.g., suspension, leaf), or torsion bars, manufacturing
• coil springs, heavy gauge, manufacturing
• flat springs, heavy gauge, manufacturing
• helical springs, heavy gauge, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing light gauge springs, such as upholstery springs (see 332619 Other fabricated wire product
manufacturing)
• manufacturing precision springs, such as hairsprings, instrument springs and clock springs (see 334512
Measuring, medical and controlling devices manufacturing)
• manufacturing valve springs for internal combustion engines (see 336310 Motor vehicle gasoline engine
and engine parts manufacturing)
332619 Other fabricated wire product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing wire products from purchased wire.
Illustrative example(s)
• barbed wire, made from purchased wire
• brads, metal, made from purchased wire
• fencing and fence gates, made from purchased wire
• garment hangers, made from purchased wire
• nails, brads and staples, made from purchased wire
• paper clips, made from purchased wire
• springs and spring units (except clock and watch), light gauge, made from purchased wire
• staples, wire, made from purchased wire
• upholstery springs and spring units, made from purchased wire
Exclusion(s)
• drawing iron or steel wire (see 331110 Iron and steel mills and ferro-alloy manufacturing)
• drawing aluminum wire (see 331317 Aluminum rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying)
• drawing copper wire (see 331420 Copper rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying)
• drawing non-ferrous wire, except copper and aluminum (see 331490 Non-ferrous metal (except copper
and aluminum) rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying)
• manufacturing electrical wire by insulating purchased wire (see 335920 Communication and energy wire
and cable manufacturing)
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3327 Machine shops, turned product, and screw, nut and bolt manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating machine shops, which use machine
tools, such as lathes and automatic screw machines, for turning, boring, threading or otherwise shaping metal, to
manufacture parts, other than complete machines, for the trade. Shops that set up to do production runs of
industrial fasteners, such as bolts, nuts and screws, are included.
33271 Machine shops
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating machine tools, such as lathes (including
computer numerically controlled), automatic screw machines, and machines for boring, grinding, milling and
otherwise working metal, to produce machine parts and equipment, other than complete machines, for the trade.
Machine shops providing custom and repair services are included.
332710 Machine shops
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating machine tools, such as lathes
(including computer numerically controlled), automatic screw machines, and machines for boring, grinding, milling
and otherwise working metal, to produce machine parts and equipment, other than complete machines, for the
trade. Machine shops providing custom and repair services are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• custom chemical milling in machine shops
• machine shops
• machining plastic and composite materials parts
33272 Turned product and screw, nut and bolt manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in turning, facing, forming, parting, boring, threading and
knurling metal on machine tools or lathes with machine-held cutting tools, to manufacture precision turned products.
Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal fasteners, such as nuts, bolts, rivets and washers, are
included.
332720 Turned product and screw, nut and bolt manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in turning, facing, forming, parting, boring,
threading and knurling metal on machine tools or lathes with machine-held cutting tools, to manufacture precision
turned products. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal fasteners, such as nuts, bolts, rivets and
washers, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• bolts, metal, manufacturing
• cotter pins, metal, manufacturing
• hooks (i.e., general purpose fasteners), metal, manufacturing
• hose clamps, metal, manufacturing
• nuts, metal, manufacturing
• rivets, metal, manufacturing
• screws, metal, manufacturing
• washers, metal, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing flat washers (see 33211 Forging and stamping)
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3328 Coating, engraving, cold and heat treating and allied activities
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in coating, engraving, heat treating and similarly
processing metal. These activities often involve heating the metal, and the purpose is often to harden it. In general,
the hardening of metal is included. Other activities of this industry group include tempering, brazing, plating
(including electroplating and re-chroming), polishing, sand-blasting and colouring metal and metal products.
Establishments that perform these processes on other materials, such as plastics, in addition to metals, as well as
establishments primarily engaged in plating with precious metal for the trade are included.
33281 Coating, engraving, cold and heat treating and allied activities
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in coating, engraving, heat treating and similarly
processing metal. These activities often involve heating the metal, and the purpose is often to harden it. In general,
the hardening of metal is included. Other activities of this industry include tempering, brazing, plating (including
electroplating and re-chroming), polishing, sand-blasting and colouring metal and metal products. Establishments
that perform these processes on other materials, such as plastics, in addition to metals, as well as establishments
primarily engaged in plating with precious metal for the trade are included.
332810 Coating, engraving, cold and heat treating and allied activities This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in coating, engraving, heat treating and
similarly processing metal. These activities often involve heating the metal, and the purpose is often to harden it. In
general, the hardening of metal is included. Other activities of this industry include tempering, brazing, plating
(including electroplating and re-chroming), polishing, sand-blasting and colouring metal and metal products.
Establishments that perform these processes on other materials, such as plastics, in addition to metals, as well as
establishments primarily engaged in plating with precious metal for the trade are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• brazing (i.e., hardening) metals and metal products
• buffing metals and metal products
• coating products of metal combined with other materials
• colouring metals and metal products
• depolishing metals and metal products
• enamelling metals and metal products
• galvanizing metals and metal products
• heat treating metals and metal products
• lacquering metals and metal products
• powder coating metals and metal products
• teflon coating metals and metal products
• varnishing metals and metal products
Exclusion(s)
• turning metal (see 332710 Machine shops)
• etching and engraving jewellery and articles of precious metals (see 339910 Jewellery and silverware
manufacturing)
• fabricating, coating and engraving products (classified in the manufacturing sector according to the product
made)
3329 Other fabricated metal product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
fabricating metal products.
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33291 Metal valve manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in casting and machining metal valves used to regulate
the flow of fluids, liquids and gases, and related fixtures and fittings. Establishments primarily engaged in
manufacturing hydraulic and pneumatic pipe and tube assemblies are included.
332910 Metal valve manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in casting and machining metal valves used to
regulate the flow of fluids, liquids and gases, and related fixtures and fittings. Establishments primarily engaged in
manufacturing hydraulic and pneumatic pipe and tube assemblies are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• aerosol valves, metal, manufacturing
• faucets, plumbing, manufacturing
• fire hydrants, complete, manufacturing
• fluid power valves and hose fittings, manufacturing
• hose and tube assemblies, fluid power (i.e., hydraulic and pneumatic), manufacturing
• hose nozzles and couplings, manufacturing
• industrial type valves (e.g., angle, control, ball, butterfly, cross, plug, stop), manufacturing
• nuclear application valves, manufacturing
• plumbing fixture fittings and trim, all materials, manufacturing
• tire valves and parts (e.g., tire valve cores), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing internal combustion valves for diesel engines (see 333619 Other engine and power
transmission equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing internal combustion valves for gasoline engines (see 336310 Motor vehicle gasoline engine
and engine parts manufacturing)
33299 All other fabricated metal product manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in fabricating metal
products.
332991 Ball and roller bearing manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ball and roller bearings, and
parts, such as bearing races.
Illustrative example(s)
• ball bearings and parts (including mounted), manufacturing
• races, ball or roller bearing, manufacturing
• roller bearings (e.g., needle, linear, cylindrical, thrust, tapered), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing plain bearings (see 333619 Other engine and power transmission equipment
manufacturing)
332999 All other miscellaneous fabricated metal product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in fabricating metal products.
Illustrative example(s)
• chests, fire or burglary resistive, metal, manufacturing
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
fireplace fixtures and equipment, manufacturing
flexible metal hose and tubing, manufacturing
pallets and pallets parts, metal, manufacturing
patterns (except shoe), industrial, manufacturing
pipe and pipe fittings, made from purchased metal pipe
safes, metal, manufacturing
sanitary ware (e.g., bathtubs, lavatories, sinks), metal, manufacturing
shower rods, metal, manufacturing
soap-impregnated steel wool pads, manufacturing
steel wool, manufacturing
trophies and holloware, precious plated metal, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing explosives, and detonators for explosives (see 325920 Explosives manufacturing)
333 Machinery manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial and commercial machinery.
These establishments assemble parts into components, subassemblies and complete machines. They may make
the parts themselves, using general metal-working processes, or purchase them.
Establishments tend to specialize in producing machinery designed for particular applications, and this is reflected
in the structure of the industry groups and industries. A broad distinction exists between general-purpose
machinery, that is designed to be used in a variety of industrial applications, such as pumping or machining, and
special-purpose machinery, that is designed to be used in a particular industry, such as agriculture or printing. The
first three industry groups consist of establishments that produce special-purpose machinery. Establishments that
produce general-purpose machinery are classified in the remaining industry groups.
Establishments primarily engaged in rebuilding machinery are included in the same industry as establishments
manufacturing the particular type of new machinery. Unless otherwise specified, establishments primarily engaged
in manufacturing parts, designed for use solely or principally with a particular machine, are classified in the same
industry as establishments manufacturing that type of machinery.
3331 Agricultural, construction and mining machinery manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery designed for use in
the agriculture, construction and mining industries.
33311 Agricultural implement manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery for use in performing farm
operations, such as the preparation and maintenance of soil; planting, harvesting or threshing; field spraying; and
preparing crops for market; or for use in horticultural and residential lawn care. Establishments primarily engaged in
manufacturing snowblowers are included.
333110 Agricultural implement manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery for use in
performing farm operations, such as the preparation and maintenance of soil; planting, harvesting or threshing; field
spraying; and preparing crops for market; or for use in horticultural and residential lawn care. Establishments
primarily engaged in manufacturing snowblowers are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• attachments for powered lawn and garden equipment, manufacturing
• cabs for agricultural machinery, manufacturing
• grading, cleaning and sorting machinery, farm type, manufacturing
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
harvesting machinery and equipment, manufacturing
haying machines, manufacturing
incubators, poultry, manufacturing
lawn and garden powered tractors and lawn mowers, manufacturing
milking machines, manufacturing
planting machines, farm type, manufacturing
ploughs, farm type, manufacturing
snowblowers and throwers, residential type, manufacturing
sprayers and dusters, farm type, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing agricultural hand tools, such as manual shears and non-powered lawn mowers (see
332210 Cutlery and hand tool manufacturing)
• manufacturing metal corrals, stalls and cattle holders (see 332329 Other ornamental and architectural
metal product manufacturing)
• manufacturing food manufacturing machinery, such as milk processing equipment (see 333248 All other
industrial machinery manufacturing)
• manufacturing farm conveyors and farm elevators (see 333920 Material handling equipment
manufacturing)
33312 Construction machinery manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing heavy machinery and equipment of a
type used primarily in the construction industry, such as crawler or rubber-tired tractors with bulldozer blade or
ripper tooth attachments, front-end loaders, cranes, concrete mixers, power shovels and pavers. Machinery that
can be used in both the construction and mining industries is treated as construction machinery. Establishments
primarily engaged in manufacturing forestry machinery, such as tree harvesting and handling equipment, are also
included.
333120 Construction machinery manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing heavy machinery and
equipment of a type used primarily in the construction industry, such as crawler or rubber-tired tractors with
bulldozer blade or ripper tooth attachments, front-end loaders, cranes, concrete mixers, power shovels and pavers.
Machinery that can be used in both the construction and mining industries is treated as construction machinery.
Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing forestry machinery, such as tree harvesting and handling
equipment, are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• buckets, excavating (e.g., clamshell, concrete, dragline, drag scraper, shovel), manufacturing
• bulldozers, manufacturing
• chippers, portable commercial (e.g., brush, limb and log), manufacturing
• cranes, construction type, manufacturing
• off-road trucks, manufacturing
• portable crushing, pulverizing and screening machinery, manufacturing
• scrapers, construction type, manufacturing
• surface mining machinery (except drilling), manufacturing
• tractors, crawler, manufacturing
• tree harvesting equipment, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing farm tractors (see 333110 Agricultural implement manufacturing)
• manufacturing mining and oil and gas field drilling equipment (see 333130 Mining and oil and gas field
machinery manufacturing)
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• manufacturing industrial plant overhead travelling cranes, hoists, truck-type cranes and hoists, winches,
aerial work platforms, and automotive wrecker hoists (see 333920 Material handling equipment
manufacturing)
• manufacturing rail layers, ballast distributors and other railroad track-laying equipment (see 336510
Railroad rolling stock manufacturing)
33313 Mining and oil and gas field machinery manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing mining and oil and gas field industry
equipment.
333130 Mining and oil and gas field machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing mining and oil and gas field
industry equipment.
Illustrative example(s)
• derricks, oil and gas field type, manufacturing
• mineral and stone beneficiating machinery, manufacturing
• mining cars, manufacturing
• oil and gas field drilling machinery and equipment (except offshore floating platforms), manufacturing
• ore crushing, washing, screening and loading machinery, manufacturing
• water well drilling machinery, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing machinery with both construction and mining uses, including portable rock crushing
machinery (see 333120 Construction machinery manufacturing)
• manufacturing coal and ore conveyors (see 333920 Material handling equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing underground mining locomotives (see 336510 Railroad rolling stock manufacturing)
• manufacturing offshore oil and gas well drilling and production platforms (see 33661 Ship and boat
building)
3332 Industrial machinery manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery designed for use in
specific manufacturing industries.
33324 Industrial machinery manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery designed for use in specific
manufacturing industries.
333245 Sawmill and woodworking machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery of a type used in
processing logs or lumber.
Illustrative example(s)
• bandsaws, woodworking type, manufacturing
• jointers, woodworking, manufacturing
• lathes, woodworking type, manufacturing
• planers, woodworking type, stationary, manufacturing
• sanding machines, woodworking type, stationary, manufacturing
• sawmill equipment, manufacturing
• saws, bench and table, power, woodworking type, manufacturing
• veneer and plywood forming machinery, manufacturing
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• woodworking machines (except hand-held), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing non-powered hand tools, such as planes and handsaws (see 332210 Cutlery and hand tool
manufacturing)
• manufacturing lumber and veneer drying machines (see 333248 All other industrial machinery
manufacturing)
• manufacturing power-driven hand tools (see 333990 All other general-purpose machinery manufacturing)
333246 Rubber and plastics industry machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery used in
processing rubber or plastics materials.
Illustrative example(s)
• blow moulding machinery for plastics, manufacturing
• camelback (i.e., retreading material) machinery, manufacturing
• extruding machinery for plastics and rubber, manufacturing
• tire making machinery, manufacturing
• tire recapping machinery, manufacturing
• vulcanizing machinery, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing industrial moulds for plastics and rubber working machinery (see 333511 Industrial mould
manufacturing)
333247 Paper industry machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper-making machinery.
Illustrative example(s)
• chippers (e.g., logs), stationary, manufacturing
333248 All other industrial machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing industrial machinery.
Illustrative example(s)
• food choppers, grinders, mixers and slicers (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
• glass-making machinery (e.g., blowing, moulding, forming), manufacturing
• homogenizing machinery, food, manufacturing
• kilns (i.e., cement, wood, chemical), manufacturing
• knitting machinery, manufacturing
• looms, textile, manufacturing
• metal casting machinery, manufacturing
• oilseed crushing and extracting machinery, manufacturing
• pasteurizing equipment (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
• printing presses (except textile printing machinery), manufacturing
• semiconductor making machinery, manufacturing
• silver recovery equipment, electrolytic, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing commercial cooking and food warming equipment (see 333310 Commercial and service
industry machinery manufacturing)
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• manufacturing industrial refrigeration equipment (see 333416 Heating equipment and commercial
refrigeration equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing food and beverage packaging machinery (see 333990 All other general-purpose machinery
manufacturing)
3333 Commercial and service industry machinery manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery for use in commercial
and service industries.
33331 Commercial and service industry machinery manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery for use in commercial and
service industries.
333310 Commercial and service industry machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery for use in
commercial and service industries.
Illustrative example(s)
• cameras (except television and video), manufacturing
• car washing machinery, manufacturing
• carpet sweepers, mechanical, manufacturing
• cash registers, electronic, manufacturing
• change making machines, manufacturing
• envelope stuffing, sealing and addressing machinery, manufacturing
• mechanisms for coin-operated machines, manufacturing
• photocopying (photocopier) machines, manufacturing
• photographic equipment, coin operated, manufacturing
• simulation equipment, manufacturing
• teaching machines (e.g., flight simulators), manufacturing
• vending machines, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing sensitized film, paper, cloth and plates; prepared photographic chemicals; and photocopier
toner and toner cartridges (see 325999 All other miscellaneous chemical product manufacturing)
• manufacturing computer and peripheral equipment; point-of-sale machines and automatic teller machines
(see 334110 Computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing television and video cameras (see 334310 Audio and video equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing time clocks and other time-recording devices (see 334512 Measuring, medical and
controlling devices manufacturing)
• manufacturing pencil sharpeners, staplers and similar office supplies (see 339940 Office supplies (except
paper) manufacturing)
3334 Ventilation, heating, air-conditioning and commercial refrigeration equipment
manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ventilation, heating,
air-conditioning and commercial refrigeration equipment.
33341 Ventilation, heating, air-conditioning and commercial refrigeration equipment
manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ventilation, heating, air-conditioning
and commercial refrigeration equipment.
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Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing industrial, power and marine boilers (see 332410 Power boiler and heat exchanger
manufacturing)
• manufacturing commercial cooking and food warming equipment (see 333310 Commercial and service
industry machinery manufacturing)
• manufacturing industrial process furnaces and ovens (see 333990 All other general-purpose machinery
manufacturing)
• manufacturing household fans (except attic), and portable electric space heaters, humidifiers and
dehumidifiers (see 335210 Small electrical appliance manufacturing)
• manufacturing household cooking stoves, ranges, refrigerators and freezers (see 335223 Major kitchen
appliance manufacturing)
• manufacturing motor vehicle air-conditioning systems and compressors (see 336390 Other motor vehicle
parts manufacturing)
333413 Industrial and commercial fan and blower and air purification equipment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial and commercial
blowers.
Illustrative example(s)
• attic ventilation fans (e.g., gable fans, roof ventilators, etc.), manufacturing
• dust and fume collecting equipment, manufacturing
• electrostatic precipitation equipment, manufacturing
• furnace filters, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing household fans (except attic), and portable electric space heaters, humidifiers and
dehumidifiers (see 335210 Small electrical appliance manufacturing)
333416 Heating equipment and commercial refrigeration equipment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing electric and non-electric
heating equipment, and commercial and industrial refrigeration equipment.
Illustrative example(s)
• air-conditioning equipment (except motor vehicle), manufacturing
• cooling towers, manufacturing
• dehumidifiers (except portable), manufacturing
• drinking fountains, refrigerated, manufacturing
• furnaces, manufacturing
• heat pumps, manufacturing
• refrigerated counters and display cases, manufacturing
• refrigeration equipment, industrial and commercial type, manufacturing
• solar energy heating equipment (e.g., panels, mirrors), manufacturing
• water coolers, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing industrial, power and marine boilers (see 332410 Power boiler and heat exchanger
manufacturing)
• manufacturing commercial cooking and food-warming equipment (see 333310 Commercial and service
industry machinery manufacturing)
• manufacturing blowers for warm-air heating equipment (see 333413 Industrial and commercial fan and
blower and air purification equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing industrial process furnaces and ovens (see 333990 All other general-purpose machinery
manufacturing)
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• manufacturing household cooking stoves, ranges, refrigerators, freezers and water coolers (see 335223
Major kitchen appliance manufacturing)
• manufacturing motor vehicle air-conditioning systems and compressors (see 336390 Other motor vehicle
parts manufacturing)
3335 Metalworking machinery manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal cutting and forming
machine tools (except hand tools), and related products. The machine tools included in this industry are those not
supported in the hands of an operator when in use. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial
moulds; tools, dies, jigs and fixtures; machine tool accessories and attachments; and rolls are included.
33351 Metalworking machinery manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal cutting and forming machine
tools (except hand tools), and related products. The machine tools included in this industry are those not supported
in the hands of an operator when in use. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial moulds;
tools, dies, jigs and fixtures; machine tool accessories and attachments; and rolls are included.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing cutting dies (except metal cutting), hand tools (except power-driven), precision measuring
devices, and saw blades and handsaws (see 332210 Cutlery and hand tool manufacturing)
• manufacturing machinery for cutting and forming wood (see 333245 Sawmill and woodworking machinery
manufacturing)
• manufacturing power-driven hand tools, welding and soldering equipment, and industrial robots (see
333990 All other general-purpose machinery manufacturing)
333511 Industrial mould manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in casting and machining industrial metal
moulds.
Illustrative example(s)
• industrial moulds (except steel ingots), manufacturing
• moulds for forming materials (e.g., plastics, rubber, glass), manufacturing
• moulds for metal casting (except steel ingots), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing moulds for heavy steel ingots (see 331511 Iron foundries)
333519 Other metalworking machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing metal cutting and forming machine tools (except hand tools), and related products, except
industrial moulds. The machine tools included in this industry are those not supported in the hands of an operator
when in use. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing tools, dies, jigs and fixtures; machine tool
accessories and attachments; and rolls are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• automatic screw machines, manufacturing
• die-casting machines, metalworking, manufacturing
• dies, metalworking (except threading), manufacturing
• forging machinery and hammers, manufacturing
• jigs and fixtures, for use with machine tools, manufacturing
• machine tool attachments and accessories, manufacturing
• machine tools, rebuilding
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•
•
•
•
•
metal forming machine tools, manufacturing
milling machines, metalworking, manufacturing
presses (e.g., punching, shearing, stamping), metal forming, manufacturing
rolling mill machinery and equipment, metalworking, manufacturing
saws, metal cutting (except hand-held), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing cutting dies (except metal cutting), hand tools (except power-driven), precision measuring
devices, and saw blades and handsaws (see 332210 Cutlery and hand tool manufacturing)
• manufacturing machinery for cutting and forming wood (see 333245 Sawmill and woodworking machinery
manufacturing)
• manufacturing moulds for die-casting and foundry casting, plaster working, rubber and plastics working,
glass working and similar machinery (see 333511 Industrial mould manufacturing)
• manufacturing power-driven hand tools, welding and soldering equipment, and industrial robots (see
333990 All other general-purpose machinery manufacturing)
3336 Engine, turbine and power transmission equipment manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing turbines and turbine generator
sets; internal combustion engines (except automotive gasoline and aircraft); and speed changers, industrial
high-speed drives and gears. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wind- and solar-powered turbine
generators and windmills for generating electric power are included.
33361 Engine, turbine and power transmission equipment manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing turbines and turbine generator sets;
internal combustion engines (except automotive gasoline and aircraft); and speed changers, industrial high-speed
drives and gears. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wind- and solar-powered turbine generators
and windmills for generating electric power are included.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing ball and roller bearings (see 332991 Ball and roller bearing manufacturing)
• manufacturing electric power transmission and distribution transformers, and electric motors, except
outboard (see 33531 Electrical equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing automotive engines (except diesel) (see 336310 Motor vehicle gasoline engine and engine
parts manufacturing)
• manufacturing motor vehicle power transmission equipment (see 336350 Motor vehicle transmission and
power train parts manufacturing)
• manufacturing aircraft engines and power transmission equipment (see 336410 Aerospace product and
parts manufacturing)
333611 Turbine and turbine generator set unit manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing turbines and turbine
generator sets.
Illustrative example(s)
• generator set, turbine (e.g., steam, gas, hydraulic), manufacturing
• turbine generator set unit, manufacturing
• turbines (except aircraft type), manufacturing
• water turbines, manufacturing
• wind powered turbine-generator sets, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing aircraft-type turbines (see 336410 Aerospace product and parts manufacturing)
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333619 Other engine and power transmission equipment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing engine and power transmission equipment.
Illustrative example(s)
• bearings, plain (except internal combustion engines), manufacturing
• biodiesel engines, manufacturing
• clutches (except motor vehicle and electromagnetic industrial controls), manufacturing
• couplings and sheaves, mechanical power transmission, manufacturing
• diesel engines, rebuilding
• drives, high-speed industrial (except hydrostatic), manufacturing
• engines, internal combustion (except aircraft and non-diesel automotive), manufacturing
• gasoline engines (except aircraft and automotive), manufacturing
• gears, power transmission (except motor vehicle and aircraft), manufacturing
• joints, universal (except motor vehicle and aircraft), manufacturing
• speed changers or reducers (i.e., power transmission equipment), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing ball and roller bearings (see 332991 Ball and roller bearing manufacturing)
• manufacturing electric power transmission and distribution equipment, and electric motors, except
outboard (see 33531 Electrical equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing automotive engines (except diesel) (see 336310 Motor vehicle gasoline engine and engine
parts manufacturing)
• manufacturing motor vehicle power transmission equipment (see 336350 Motor vehicle transmission and
power train parts manufacturing)
• manufacturing aircraft engines and power transmission equipment (see 336410 Aerospace product and
parts manufacturing)
3339 Other general-purpose machinery manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
manufacturing machinery that is not designed for use in any specific industry.
33391 Pump and compressor manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pumps, pumping equipment and
compressors for general use.
333910 Pump and compressor manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pumps, pumping equipment
and compressors for general use.
Illustrative example(s)
• bicycle pumps, manufacturing
• compressors, general purpose air and gas, manufacturing
• dispensing and measuring pumps (e.g., gasoline), manufacturing
• paint sprayers (i.e., compressor and spray gun units), manufacturing
• pumps, industrial and commercial type, general purpose, manufacturing
• pumps, sump or water, residential type, manufacturing
• vacuum pumps (except laboratory), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing agricultural spraying and dusting equipment (see 333110 Agricultural implement
manufacturing)
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• manufacturing air-conditioning and refrigeration systems and compressors (except motor vehicle) (see
333416 Heating equipment and commercial refrigeration equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing pneumatic pumps and motors for fluid power transmission (see 333990 All other
general-purpose machinery manufacturing)
• manufacturing motor vehicle pumps (see 336310 Motor vehicle gasoline engine and engine parts
manufacturing)
• manufacturing motor vehicle air-conditioning systems and compressors (see 336390 Other motor vehicle
parts manufacturing)
• manufacturing laboratory vacuum pumps (see 339110 Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing)
33392 Material handling equipment manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing material handling equipment.
333920 Material handling equipment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing material handling equipment.
Illustrative example(s)
• aerial work platforms, manufacturing
• automobile hoists (i.e., tow truck, wrecker), manufacturing
• automobile lifts (i.e., service station and garage type), manufacturing
• conveyor systems, general industrial type, manufacturing
• cranes, overhead travelling, manufacturing
• dollies, industrial, manufacturing
• elevators or escalators, passenger and freight, manufacturing
• elevators, farm type, manufacturing
• hoists, manufacturing
• industrial trucks and tractors (plant and warehouse), manufacturing
• stairways and walkways, moving, manufacturing
• wheelbarrows, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing farm-type wheeled tractors (see 333110 Agricultural implement manufacturing)
• manufacturing construction tractors and cranes (see 333120 Construction machinery manufacturing)
• manufacturing motor vehicle trailers (see 33621 Motor vehicle body and trailer manufacturing)
33399 All other general-purpose machinery manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
machinery that is not designed for use in any specific industry.
333990 All other general-purpose machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing machinery that is not designed for use in any specific industry.
Illustrative example(s)
• arc-welding equipment, manufacturing
• balances and scales, laboratory type, manufacturing
• fire-fighting sprinklers, automatic systems, manufacturing
• fluid power cylinders, manufacturing
• fluid power motors, manufacturing
• fluid power pumps, manufacturing
• furnaces, industrial process, manufacturing
• jacks, hydraulic and pneumatic, manufacturing
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•
•
•
•
kilns (except cement, chemical, wood), manufacturing
packaging machinery, manufacturing
power-driven hand tools, manufacturing
welding electrodes, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing bakery ovens, and cement, wood and chemical kilns (see 333248 All other industrial
machinery manufacturing)
• manufacturing furnace filters (see 333413 Industrial and commercial fan and blower and air purification
equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing electric welding transformers (see 335311 Power, distribution and specialty transformers
manufacturing)
• manufacturing motor vehicle engine filters (see 336390 Other motor vehicle parts manufacturing)
• manufacturing laboratory scales and balances (see 339110 Medical equipment and supplies
manufacturing)
334 Computer and electronic product manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing computers, computer peripheral
equipment, communications equipment, and similar electronic products, as well as components for such products.
The computer and electronic product manufacturing industries employ production processes that are characterized
by the design and use of integrated circuits and the application of highly specialized miniaturization technologies.
3341 Computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing computers and computer
peripheral equipment.
Computers can be digital, analogue or hybrid. Digital computers, the most common type, are devices that can do all
of the following: (1) store the processing program or programs and the data immediately necessary for the
execution of the program; (2) be freely programmed in accordance with the requirements of the user; (3) perform
arithmetical computations specified by the user; and (4) execute, without human intervention, a processing program
that requires the computer to modify its execution, by logical decision, during the processing run. Analogue
computers are capable of simulating mathematical models and comprise, at least, analogue, control and
programming elements.
Peripherals are assemblies of components that are self-contained, but designed for use with computers. For
purposes of classification, a peripheral must consist of more than a loaded circuit board. Peripheral equipment may
be installed inside or outside the computer's housing. Important types of peripheral equipment are input-output
devices, such as monitors, keyboards, mice and joysticks; storage devices, such as disk drives and CD-ROM
readers; and printers. Dumb computer terminals, automated teller machines (ATM's), point-of-sale (POS) terminals
and bar code scanners are treated as peripheral equipment.
Computers and peripheral equipment may be sold complete or in kits to be assembled by the purchaser.
33411 Computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing computers and computer peripheral
equipment.
Computers can be digital, analogue or hybrid. Digital computers, the most common type, are devices that can do all
of the following: (1) store the processing program or programs and the data immediately necessary for the
execution of the program; (2) be freely programmed in accordance with the requirements of the user; (3) perform
arithmetical computations specified by the user; and (4) execute, without human intervention, a processing program
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that requires the computer to modify its execution, by logical decision, during the processing run. Analogue
computers are capable of simulating mathematical models and comprise, at least, analogue, control and
programming elements.
Peripherals are assemblies of components that are self-contained, but designed for use with computers. For
purposes of classification, a peripheral must consist of more than a loaded circuit board. Peripheral equipment may
be installed inside or outside the computer's housing. Important types of peripheral equipment are input-output
devices, such as monitors, keyboards, mice and joysticks; storage devices, such as disk drives and CD-ROM
readers; and printers. Dumb computer terminals, automated teller machines (ATM's), point-of-sale (POS) terminals
and bar code scanners are treated as peripheral equipment.
Computers and peripheral equipment may be sold complete or in kits to be assembled by the purchaser.
334110 Computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing computers and computer
peripheral equipment.
Computers can be digital, analogue or hybrid. Digital computers, the most common type, are devices that can do all
of the following: (1) store the processing program or programs and the data immediately necessary for the
execution of the program; (2) be freely programmed in accordance with the requirements of the user; (3) perform
arithmetical computations specified by the user; and (4) execute, without human intervention, a processing program
that requires the computer to modify its execution, by logical decision, during the processing run. Analogue
computers are capable of simulating mathematical models and comprise, at least, analogue, control and
programming elements.
Peripherals are assemblies of components that are self-contained, but designed for use with computers. For
purposes of classification, a peripheral must consist of more than a loaded circuit board. Peripheral equipment may
be installed inside or outside the computer's housing. Important types of peripheral equipment are input-output
devices, such as monitors, keyboards, mice and joysticks; storage devices, such as disk drives and CD-ROM
readers; and printers. Dumb computer terminals, automated teller machines (ATM's), point-of-sale (POS) terminals
and bar code scanners are treated as peripheral equipment.
Computers and peripheral equipment may be sold complete or in kits to be assembled by the purchaser.
Illustrative example(s)
• automatic teller machines (ATM's), manufacturing
• bar code scanners, manufacturing
• CD-ROM drives, manufacturing
• computer terminals, manufacturing
• disk drives, computer, manufacturing
• optical readers and scanners, manufacturing
• point-of-sale (POS) terminals, manufacturing
• printers, computer, manufacturing
• storage devices, computer, manufacturing
• USB flash drives (e.g., thumbdrives, jumpdrives), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing digital telecommunications switches, local area network and wide area network
communications equipment, such as bridges, routers and gateways (see 334210 Telephone apparatus
manufacturing)
• manufacturing audio speakers, for use in computer systems (see 334310 Audio and video equipment
manufacturing)
• manufacturing internal loaded printed circuit-board devices, such as sound, video, controller and network
interface cards; personal computer modems, whether or not in an external housing; central processing
units, memory chips and similar integrated circuits (see 334410 Semiconductor and other electronic
component manufacturing)
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• manufacturing magnetic and optical recording media (see 334610 Manufacturing and reproducing
magnetic and optical media)
• retailing computers, assembled in the store (see 443144 Computer and software stores)
• manufacturing machinery or equipment that incorporate electronic computers for operation or control
purposes and embedded control applications (other manufacturing industries based on the classification of
the complete machinery or equipment)
• manufacturing parts, such as casings, stampings, cable sets and switches, for computers and peripheral
equipment (other manufacturing industries based on the associated production processes)
3342 Communications equipment manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing equipment used to move signals
electronically over wires or through the air, such as telephone apparatus, radio and television broadcast equipment,
and satellite communications equipment.
33421 Telephone apparatus manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wired telephone and data
communications equipment. These products may be stand-alone or board-level components of a larger system.
334210 Telephone apparatus manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wired telephone and data
communications equipment. These products may be stand-alone or board-level components of a larger system.
Illustrative example(s)
• cordless telephones (except cellular), manufacturing
• facsimile equipment, stand-alone, manufacturing
• modems, carrier equipment, manufacturing
• private branch exchange (PBX) equipment, manufacturing
• telephone answering machines, manufacturing
• telephone carrier line equipment, manufacturing
• telephone carrier switching equipment, manufacturing
• telephones (except cellular telephones), manufacturing
• wide (WAN) and local area network (LAN) communication equipment (e.g., bridges, gateways, routers),
manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing cellular telephones; and microwave transmission equipment (see 334220 Radio and
television broadcasting and wireless communications equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing internal and external computer modems, fax/modems and telephone transformers (see
334410 Semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing)
33422 Radio and television broadcasting and wireless communications equipment
manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing radio and television broadcast and
wireless communication equipment.
334220 Radio and television broadcasting and wireless communications equipment
manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing radio and television
broadcast and wireless communication equipment.
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Illustrative example(s)
• antennas, transmitting and communications, manufacturing
• broadcast equipment (including studio), for radio and television, manufacturing
• cable television transmission and receiving equipment, manufacturing
• cellular telephones, manufacturing
• closed circuit television equipment, manufacturing
• global positioning system (GPS) equipment, manufacturing
• pagers, manufacturing
• space satellites, communications equipment, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing wired and non-wired intercommunications equipment (intercoms) (see 334290 Other
communications equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing household audio and video equipment, such as television and radio receiving sets (see
334310 Audio and video equipment manufacturing)
33429 Other communications equipment manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
communications equipment.
334290 Other communications equipment manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing communications equipment.
Illustrative example(s)
• fire detection and alarm systems, manufacturing
• intercom systems and equipment, manufacturing
• remote control units (e.g., garage door, television) manufacturing
• smoke detectors, manufacturing
• traffic advisory communication highway signs, manufacturing
3343 Audio and video equipment manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing electronic audio and video
equipment.
33431 Audio and video equipment manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing electronic audio and video equipment.
334310 Audio and video equipment manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing electronic audio and video
equipment.
Illustrative example(s)
• compact disc players (e.g., automotive, household-type), manufacturing
• digital video disc (DVD) players or recorders (except computer peripherals), manufacturing
• home stereo systems, manufacturing
• home theatre audio and video equipment, manufacturing
• public address systems and equipment, manufacturing
• radio receiving sets, manufacturing
• television (TV) sets, manufacturing
• video cameras, household-type, manufacturing
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• video cassette recorders (VCR), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing photographic (still and motion picture) equipment (see 33331 Commercial and service
industry machinery manufacturing)
• manufacturing telephone answering machines (see 33421 Telephone apparatus manufacturing)
3344 Semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing semiconductors and other
electronic components.
The following activities involving printed circuit boards are undertaken in this industry group: the production of the
laminate material; the manufacture of the bare (rigid or flexible) printed circuit boards without mounted electronic
components; and the loading of electronic components onto the boards.
33441 Semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing semiconductors and other electronic
components.
The following activities involving printed circuit boards are undertaken in this industry: the production of the laminate
material; the manufacture of the bare (rigid or flexible) printed circuit boards without mounted electronic
components; and the loading of electronic components onto the boards.
334410 Semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing semiconductors and other
electronic components.
The following activities involving printed circuit boards are undertaken in this industry: the production of the laminate
material; the manufacture of the bare (rigid or flexible) printed circuit boards without mounted electronic
components; and the loading of electronic components onto the boards.
Illustrative example(s)
• capacitors, electronic, fixed and variable, manufacturing
• diodes, solid state (e.g., germanium, silicon), manufacturing
• electron tubes, manufacturing
• integrated microcircuits, manufacturing
• loaded computer boards, manufacturing
• microcontroller or microprocessor chips, manufacturing
• printed circuit laminates, manufacturing
• semiconductor devices (e.g., wafers), manufacturing
• solar cells, manufacturing
• transformers, electronic component type, manufacturing
• transistors, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing X-ray tubes (see 334512 Measuring, medical and controlling devices manufacturing)
• manufacturing wire and cable for electronic, computer and communications applications (see 335920
Communication and energy wire and cable manufacturing)
• manufacturing capacitors, rectifiers, surge suppressors and similar devices for electrical applications (see
335990 All other electrical equipment and component manufacturing)
• manufacturing finished products that incorporate loaded printed circuit boards (other manufacturing
industries based on the classification of the final product)
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3345 Navigational, measuring, medical and control instruments manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing navigational, measuring, medical
and controlling devices.
33451 Navigational, measuring, medical and control instruments manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing navigational, measuring, medical and
controlling devices.
334511 Navigational and guidance instruments manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing navigational and guidance
equipment.
Illustrative example(s)
• air traffic control radar systems and equipment, manufacturing
• airspeed instruments (aeronautical), manufacturing
• cabin environment indicators, transmitters and sensors, manufacturing
• electronic guidance systems and equipment, manufacturing
• flight and navigation sensors, transmitters and displays, manufacturing
• gyroscopes, manufacturing
• navigational instruments, electronic, manufacturing
• radar systems and equipment, manufacturing
• sonar systems and equipment, manufacturing
• speed, pitch and roll navigational instruments and systems, manufacturing
• wheel position indicators and transmitters, aircraft, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing global positioning system (GPS) equipment (see 334220 Radio and television broadcasting
and wireless communications equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing aircraft engine instruments, and meteorological systems and equipment (see 334512
Measuring, medical and controlling devices manufacturing)
334512 Measuring, medical and controlling devices manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing measuring, medical and
controlling devices.
Illustrative example(s)
• automatic environmental controls and regulators (e.g., heating, air-conditioning, refrigeration),
manufacturing
• communication signal testing apparatus, manufacturing
• drafting instruments (e.g., templates, squares, t-squares, compass), manufacturing
• electromedical diagnostic equipment (e.g., CT scanner, CAT scanner, MRI device) , manufacturing
• industrial process control instruments, manufacturing
• laboratory analytical instruments (except optical), manufacturing
• meteorological instruments, manufacturing
• physical properties testing and inspection equipment, manufacturing
• radiation detection and monitoring instruments, manufacturing
• surgical support systems (e.g., heart-lung machines) (except iron lungs), manufacturing
• surveying and geophysical instruments, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing optical instruments (see 333310 Commercial and service industry machinery
manufacturing)
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• manufacturing equipment for measuring and testing communications signals (see 3342 Communications
equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing instrument transformers, including portable (see 334410 Semiconductor and other
electronic component manufacturing)
• manufacturing motor control switches and relays, including timing relays (see 335315 Switchgear and
switchboard, and relay and industrial control apparatus manufacturing)
• manufacturing switches for appliances (see 335930 Wiring device manufacturing)
• manufacturing medical thermometers and non-electrical medical and therapeutic apparatus (see 339110
Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing)
3346 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical media
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing magnetic and optical media, and
the mass reproduction of recordings on such media. The media include audio and video tapes, diskettes, hard disk
media and CD-ROMs. The products of the industry are blank media; and software (shrink-wrapped), audio, video,
and multimedia products recorded on these media.
33461 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical media
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing magnetic and optical media, and the
mass reproduction of recordings on such media. The media include audio and video tapes, diskettes, hard disk
media and CD-ROMs. The products of the industry are blank media; and software (shrink-wrapped), audio, video,
and multimedia products recorded on these media.
334610 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical media This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing magnetic and optical media,
and the mass reproduction of recordings on such media. The media include audio and video tapes, diskettes, hard
disk media and CD-ROMs. The products of the industry are blank media; and software (shrink-wrapped), audio,
video, and multimedia products recorded on these media.
Illustrative example(s)
• compact discs, pre-recorded audio, mass-reproducing
• compact discs, recordable or re-writable, blank, manufacturing
• magnetic tapes, cassettes and disks (i.e., audio, data, video), blank, manufacturing
• mass reproduction of pre-packaged software
• pre-recorded magnetic audio tapes and cassettes, mass-reproducing
• shrink-wrapped computer software, mass-reproducing
• video cassettes, pre-recorded, mass-reproducing
• video game software cartridges, mass-reproducing
Exclusion(s)
• designing, developing or publishing prepackaged software or documentation, and publishing and
reproducing software in integrated facilities (see 51121 Software publishers)
• audio and video producing and publishing, including the production of masters or matrices of recordings,
and publishing and reproducing audio, video and film materials in integrated facilities (see 512 Motion
picture and sound recording industries)
335 Electrical equipment, appliance and component manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing products that generate, distribute and
use electrical power.
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3351 Electric lighting equipment manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing electric lamp bulbs and tubes
and lighting fixtures.
33511 Electric lamp bulb and parts manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing all types of electric lamps (bulbs and
tubes).
335110 Electric lamp bulb and parts manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing all types of electric lamps
(bulbs and tubes).
Illustrative example(s)
• discharge lamps, high intensity (mercury, sodium, metal halide), manufacturing
• fluorescent tubes, manufacturing
• health lamps, infra-red and ultra-violet-radiation, manufacturing
• incandescent filament lamp bulbs, complete, manufacturing
• sealed beam lamps, manufacturing
33512 Lighting fixture manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing lighting fixtures and lamps.
335120 Lighting fixture manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing lighting fixtures and lamps.
Illustrative example(s)
• chandeliers, manufacturing
• Christmas novelties, ornaments and tree lighting sets, electric, manufacturing
• electric lighting fixtures, manufacturing
• flashlights, manufacturing
• fluorescent lighting fixtures, manufacturing
• gas lighting fixtures, manufacturing
• incandescent lighting fixtures, manufacturing
• kerosene lamps, manufacturing
• lamp shades (except glass, plastic), manufacturing
• searchlights, manufacturing
• street lighting fixtures and equipment (except traffic signals), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing plastic lampshades (see 326198 All other plastic product manufacturing)
• manufacturing glassware for residential lighting fixtures (see 32721 Glass and glass product
manufacturing)
• manufacturing sealed-beam headlamps and other light bulbs for motor vehicles (see 335110 Electric lamp
bulb and parts manufacturing)
• manufacturing motor vehicle lighting fixtures (see 336320 Motor vehicle electrical and electronic
equipment manufacturing)
3352 Household appliance manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing kitchen, bathroom and other
household appliances.
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33521 Small electrical appliance manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing household and commercial electrical
and other small appliances.
335210 Small electrical appliance manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing household and commercial
electrical and other small appliances.
Illustrative example(s)
• appliances, small electrical, manufacturing
• coffee makers, household, electric, manufacturing
• fans, household, electric (except attic fans), manufacturing
• hair styling equipment, domestic, electric, manufacturing
• razors or shavers, electric, manufacturing
• space heaters, portable, electric, manufacturing
• toasters, electric (including sandwich toasters), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing household sewing machines (see 333248 All other industrial machinery manufacturing)
• manufacturing domestic water heaters (see 335229 Other major appliance manufacturing)
33522 Major appliance manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing electric and non-electric major
household appliances and equipment.
335223 Major kitchen appliance manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing major electric and
non-electric kitchen appliances and equipment.
Illustrative example(s)
• dishwashers, household, electric, manufacturing
• freezers, household, manufacturing
• refrigerators, household, manufacturing
• stoves, domestic, electric or non-electric, manufacturing
335229 Other major appliance manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing electric and non-electric major household appliances and equipment.
Illustrative example(s)
• clothes dryers, domestic, manufacturing
• gas barbecues, manufacturing
• washing machines, household (including coin-operated), manufacturing
• water heaters, household (including non-electric), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing domestic sewing machines (see 333248 All other industrial machinery manufacturing)
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3353 Electrical equipment manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing equipment that generates and
distributes electrical power.
33531 Electrical equipment manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing equipment that generates and
distributes electrical power.
Exclusion(s)
• operating electric power generating plants (see 22111 Electric power generation)
• manufacturing electronic transformers (see 334410 Semiconductor and other electronic component
manufacturing)
• manufacturing industrial process controls (see 334512 Measuring, medical and controlling devices
manufacturing)
• manufacturing automotive electrical equipment (see 336320 Motor vehicle electrical and electronic
equipment manufacturing)
335311 Power, distribution and specialty transformers manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing power, distribution,
instrument and specialty transformers.
Illustrative example(s)
• distribution transformers, manufacturing
• instrument transformers (except portable), manufacturing
• power transformers, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing electronic transformers (see 334410 Semiconductor and other electronic component
manufacturing)
335312 Motor and generator manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing electric motors and
generators.
Illustrative example(s)
• armatures, manufacturing
• coils, for motors and generators, manufacturing
• commutators, electric motor, manufacturing
• motors, electric (except starting motors), manufacturing
• rebuilding motors, electric, other than automotive
• storage battery chargers, engine generator type, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing automotive electrical equipment, such as starters, generators and alternators (see 336320
Motor vehicle electrical and electronic equipment manufacturing)
335315 Switchgear and switchboard, and relay and industrial control apparatus manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing electrical switchgear and
protective equipment.
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Illustrative example(s)
• circuit breakers, power, manufacturing
• cubicles (i.e., electric switchboard equipment), manufacturing
• electromagnets, manufacturing
• fuses, electric, manufacturing
• power switching equipment, manufacturing
• relays, electrical, manufacturing
• switchboards and parts, power, manufacturing
• switches, electric power (except snap, push button, tumbler and solenoid), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing industrial process control instruments (see 334512 Measuring, medical and controlling
devices manufacturing)
3359 Other electrical equipment and component manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
manufacturing electrical power storage and transmission devices, and accessories for carrying current.
33591 Battery manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing primary batteries and secondary
storage or accumulator batteries and parts thereof.
335910 Battery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing primary batteries and
secondary storage or accumulator batteries and parts thereof.
Illustrative example(s)
• alkaline batteries, manufacturing
• batteries, primary, dry or wet, manufacturing
• batteries, storage, manufacturing
• hearing aid batteries, manufacturing
• nickel cadmium storage batteries, manufacturing
33592 Communication and energy wire and cable manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing insulated communications and energy
wire and cable, made from purchased non-ferrous wire and optical fibres.
335920 Communication and energy wire and cable manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing insulated communications
and energy wire and cable, made from purchased non-ferrous wire and optical fibres.
Illustrative example(s)
• building wire and cable, electric, insulated, manufacturing
• insulated coaxial cable, non-ferrous, manufacturing
• insulated fibre-optic cable, made from purchased strand (data transmission), manufacturing
• insulated power cables, electric, manufacturing
• insulated wire and cable, made from purchased wire
• telephone wire and cable, insulated, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing unsheathed optical fibres, bundles and cables (see 327214 Glass manufacturing)
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• drawing and insulating wire of own manufacture (see 331 Primary metal manufacturing)
• manufacturing uninsulated wire products (see 332619 Other fabricated wire product manufacturing)
33593 Wiring device manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing current and non-current carrying wiring
devices.
335930 Wiring device manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing current and non-current
carrying wiring devices.
Illustrative example(s)
• connectors and terminals for electrical devices, manufacturing
• junction boxes and covers, electrical, manufacturing
• outlet boxes (electric wiring devices), manufacturing
• outlet receptacles, electrical, manufacturing
• switches for electric wiring (e.g., snap, tumbler, pressure, pushbutton), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing electric cable and wire made in wire drawing plants (see 331 Primary metal manufacturing)
• manufacturing electric cable and wire made from purchased wire (see 335920 Communication and energy
wire and cable manufacturing)
33599 All other electrical equipment and component manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
electrical equipment and components.
335990 All other electrical equipment and component manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing electrical equipment and components.
Illustrative example(s)
• battery chargers, manufacturing
• capacitors (except electronic), fixed and variable, manufacturing
• chimes, electric, manufacturing
• door opening and closing devices, electrical, manufacturing
• electric fence chargers, manufacturing
• fuel cells, electrochemical generators, manufacturing
• ultrasonic cleaning equipment (except medical and dental), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing electronic capacitors (see 334410 Semiconductor and other electronic component
manufacturing)
336 Transportation equipment manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing equipment for transporting people
and goods. The industry groups are based on the various modes of transport - road, rail, air and water. Three
industry groups are based on road transportation equipment - for complete vehicles, for body and trailer
manufacture and for parts.
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Establishments primarily engaged in rebuilding equipment and parts are included in the same industry as
establishments manufacturing new products.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing equipment designed for moving materials and goods on industrial sites, construction sites,
in logging camps and other off-highway locations (see 333 Machinery manufacturing)
3361 Motor vehicle manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicles. Establishments
that manufacture chassis and then assemble complete motor vehicles (including truck cab and chassis assemblies)
and those that only manufacture motor vehicle chassis are both classified in this industry group.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing motor vehicles on purchased chassis or purchased truck cab and chassis assemblies (see
3362 Motor vehicle body and trailer manufacturing)
33611 Automobile and light-duty motor vehicle manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing light-duty vehicles and their chassis, for
highway use. The manufacture of electric cars for highway use is included.
336110 Automobile and light-duty motor vehicle manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing light-duty vehicles and their
chassis, for highway use. The manufacture of electric cars for highway use is included.
Illustrative example(s)
• assembly plants, passenger car and light duty motor vehicles, on chassis of own manufacture
• cab and chassis assemblies, light trucks and vans, manufacturing
• chassis, automobile, light truck and sport utility, manufacturing
• electric automobiles for highway use, manufacturing
• mini-vans, assembling on chassis of own manufacture
• motor homes, self-contained, mounted on light duty truck chassis of own manufacture
• pick-up trucks, light duty, assembling on chassis of own manufacture
• sport utility vehicles assembling on chassis of own manufacture
• trucks, light duty, assembling on chassis of own manufacture
• vans, commercial and passenger, light duty, assembling on chassis of own manufacture
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing kit cars (see 336211 Motor vehicle body manufacturing)
33612 Heavy-duty truck manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty
vehicle chassis, for highway use.
336120 Heavy-duty truck manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing heavy-duty vehicles and
heavy-duty vehicle chassis, for highway use.
Illustrative example(s)
• buses, passenger (except trackless trolley), assembling on chassis of own manufacture
• cab and chassis assemblies, heavy-duty trucks, manufacturing
• chassis, heavy truck, with or without cabs, manufacturing
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•
•
•
•
fire-fighting trucks (e.g., ladder, pumper), assembling on chassis of own manufacture
garbage trucks, assembling on chassis of own manufacture
heavy trucks, assembling on chassis of own manufacture
highway maintenance motor vehicles (e.g., road oilers, sanders), assembling on chassis of own
manufacture
• highway tractors (i.e., for semi-trailers), assembling on chassis of own manufacture
• street-cleaning motor vehicles (e.g., street flushers, sprinklers, sweepers), assembling on chassis of own
manufacture
• truck tractors for highway use, assembling on chassis of own manufacture
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing heavy-duty vehicles on purchased chassis (see 33621 Motor vehicle body and trailer
manufacturing)
• manufacturing military armoured vehicles (see 336990 Other transportation equipment manufacturing)
3362 Motor vehicle body and trailer manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle bodies and cabs,
truck trailers and non-commercial trailers. The bodies and cabs may be sold as such, or assembled on purchased
chassis.
33621 Motor vehicle body and trailer manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle bodies and cabs, truck
trailers and non-commercial trailers. The bodies and cabs may be sold as such, or assembled on purchased
chassis.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing trucks and bus bodies on chassis made in the same establishment (see 336120 Heavy-duty
truck manufacturing)
336211 Motor vehicle body manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing truck, bus, and other motor
vehicle bodies. These establishments purchase the chassis or semi-complete vehicle and manufacture the rest of
the body, thereby completing the vehicle, or manufacture bodies and cabs for sale separately. The manufacture of
specialty vehicles is included in this Canadian industry, when made from purchased chassis. These may be
manufactured on heavy-duty chassis, such as street-sweepers and fire-fighting vehicles, or on light-duty chassis,
such as stretch limousines, ambulances and kit cars.
Illustrative example(s)
• ambulances, assembling on purchased chassis
• automobile bodies, passenger car, manufacturing
• boxes, truck (e.g., dump, cargo, utility, van), assembled on purchased chassis
• bus bodies, assembling on purchased chassis
• dump truck lifting mechanisms, manufacturing
• fifth wheel assemblies, manufacturing
• fire-fighting trucks (e.g., ladder, pumper), assembling on purchased chassis
• kit car bodies, manufacturing
• stretch limousines, assembling on purchased chassis
• truck bodies and cabs, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing motor vehicle bodies on chassis made in the same establishment (see 336120 Heavy-duty
truck manufacturing)
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336212 Truck trailer manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing truck trailers and truck trailer
chassis.
Illustrative example(s)
• automobile transporter trailers, multi-car, manufacturing
• dump trailers, manufacturing
• flatbed trailers, commercial, manufacturing
• logging trailers, manufacturing
• tank trailers, liquid and dry bulk, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing utility, light-truck, travel and other non-commercial trailers (see 336215 Motor home, travel
trailer and camper manufacturing)
336215 Motor home, travel trailer and camper manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-commercial trailers.
Illustrative example(s)
• boat transporter trailers, single-unit, manufacturing
• camping trailers and chassis, manufacturing
• caps for pickup trucks, manufacturing
• motor homes, self-contained, assembling on purchased chassis
• recreational vehicles (RVs), self-contained, manufacturing
• truck campers (i.e., slide-in campers), manufacturing
• utility trailers, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing mobile homes (large homes designed to be towed to a permanent location and anchored)
(see 321991 Manufactured (mobile) home manufacturing)
• manufacturing commercial car trailers (see 336212 Truck trailer manufacturing)
• converting van interiors on a custom basis (see 811121 Automotive body, paint and interior repair and
maintenance)
3363 Motor vehicle parts manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle parts, including
engines. Establishments that rebuild motor vehicle parts are included in this industry group, in the same industry as
the manufacture of new parts.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing motor vehicle plastic parts (see 326193 Motor vehicle plastic parts manufacturing)
• manufacturing rubber and plastic hose and belts (see 326220 Rubber and plastic hose and belting
manufacturing)
• manufacturing motor vehicle hardware (see 332510 Hardware manufacturing)
• manufacturing motor vehicle coil and leaf springs (see 33261 Spring and wire product manufacturing)
• manufacturing diesel engines and parts for motor vehicles (see 33361 Engine, turbine and power
transmission equipment manufacturing)
33631 Motor vehicle gasoline engine and engine parts manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and rebuilding motor vehicle gasoline
engines and engine parts, whether or not for vehicular use.
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336310 Motor vehicle gasoline engine and engine parts manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and rebuilding motor vehicle
gasoline engines and engine parts, whether or not for vehicular use.
Illustrative example(s)
• bearings (e.g., camshaft, crankshaft, connecting rod), automotive and truck gasoline engine,
manufacturing
• crankshaft assemblies, automotive and truck gasoline engine, manufacturing
• cylinder heads, automotive and truck gasoline engine, manufacturing
• engine parts (except diesel), automotive and truck, manufacturing
• flywheels and ring gears, automotive and truck gasoline engine, manufacturing
• fuel injection systems and parts, automotive and truck gasoline engine, manufacturing
• gasoline engine parts, automotive and truck, manufacturing
• gasoline engines, automotive and truck, manufacturing
• hybrid engines, manufacturing
• manifolds (i.e., intake and exhaust), automotive and truck gasoline engine, manufacturing
• rebuilding automotive and truck gasoline engines
• timing gears and chains, automotive and truck gasoline engine, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing diesel engines and parts for motor vehicles (see 333619 Other engine and power
transmission equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing electrical fuel pumps (see 336320 Motor vehicle electrical and electronic equipment
manufacturing)
• manufacturing transmission and power train equipment (see 336350 Motor vehicle transmission and
power train parts manufacturing)
33632 Motor vehicle electrical and electronic equipment manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and rebuilding electrical and electronic
equipment for motor vehicles and internal combustion engines.
336320 Motor vehicle electrical and electronic equipment manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and rebuilding electrical and
electronic equipment for motor vehicles and internal combustion engines.
Illustrative example(s)
• aircraft lighting fixtures, manufacturing
• alternators and generators, for internal combustion engines, manufacturing
• electronic control modules, motor vehicle, manufacturing
• electronic sensors (e.g., air bag, brake, fuel, exhaust), manufacturing
• fuel pumps, electric, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
• instrument control panels (i.e., assembling purchased gauges), automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
• keyless entry systems, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
• motors, starter, for internal combustion engines, manufacturing
• spark plugs, for internal combustion engines, manufacturing
• windshield wiper systems, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
• wiring harness and ignition sets, for internal combustion engines, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing sealed-beam lamps (see 335110 Electric lamp bulb and parts manufacturing)
• manufacturing batteries (see 335910 Battery manufacturing)
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33633 Motor vehicle steering and suspension components (except spring) manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle steering mechanisms
and suspension components, except springs. The rebuilding, on a factory basis, of rack and pinion steering
assemblies is included.
336330 Motor vehicle steering and suspension components (except spring) manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle steering
mechanisms and suspension components, except springs. The rebuilding, on a factory basis, of rack and pinion
steering assemblies is included.
Illustrative example(s)
• automotive, truck and bus steering assemblies and parts, manufacturing
• automotive, truck and bus suspension assemblies and parts (except springs), manufacturing
• ball joints, motor vehicle, manufacturing
• McPherson struts, manufacturing
• power steering pumps, rebuilding on a factory basis
• rack and pinion steering assemblies, rebuilding on factory basis
• shock absorbers, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
• tie rods, tie rod ends and assemblies, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing motor vehicle coil and leaf springs (see 33261 Spring and wire product manufacturing)
33634 Motor vehicle brake system manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle brake systems and
related components.
336340 Motor vehicle brake system manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle brake systems
and related components.
Illustrative example(s)
• brake cylinders, master and wheel, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
• brake drums, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
• brake shoe relining, on a factory basis
• vacuum brake boosters, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
33635 Motor vehicle transmission and power train parts manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and rebuilding motor vehicle
transmission and power train parts.
336350 Motor vehicle transmission and power train parts manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and rebuilding motor vehicle
transmission and power train parts.
Illustrative example(s)
• assembly line rebuilding of automotive, truck and bus transmissions
• pressure and clutch plate assemblies, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
• torque converters, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
• transaxles, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
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• transmissions and parts, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
• universal joints, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
33636 Motor vehicle seating and interior trim manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle fabric accessories and
trimmings, seat belts and safety straps, and seats for transportation equipment of all kinds.
336360 Motor vehicle seating and interior trim manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle fabric
accessories and trimmings, seat belts and safety straps, and seats for transportation equipment of all kinds.
Illustrative example(s)
• aircraft seats, manufacturing
• motor vehicle interior systems (e.g., headliners, panels, seats, trim), manufacturing
• motor vehicle seating and interior trim manufacturing
• motor vehicle trimmings, fabric, manufacturing
• seat belts, motor vehicle and aircraft, manufacturing
• seating for buses, railway cars and aircraft, manufacturing
33637 Motor vehicle metal stamping
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle metal stampings.
Establishments in this industry perform the stamping operation, and incidental operations such as removing burrs
and other stamping defects, but do not further work the stamping into a final product.
336370 Motor vehicle metal stamping
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing motor vehicle metal
stampings. Establishments in this industry perform the stamping operation, and incidental operations such as
removing burrs and other stamping defects, but do not further work the stamping into a final product.
Illustrative example(s)
• firewall, rocker and quarter panels, motor vehicle, metal, stamping
• floor pans and fuel tank components, motor vehicle, metal, stamping
• motor vehicle or automotive metal stampings body parts (e.g., fenders, hub caps, roofs, trims, mouldings,
bumpers), manufacturing
• wheel centres and trim, motor vehicle, metal, stamping
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing metal stampings, except motor vehicle (see 33211 Forging and stamping)
• further processing automotive stampings into a final product (see 3363 Motor vehicle parts manufacturing)
33639 Other motor vehicle parts manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
motor vehicle parts and accessories.
336390 Other motor vehicle parts manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing motor vehicle parts and accessories.
Illustrative example(s)
• air bag assemblies, manufacturing
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
catalytic converters, engine exhaust, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
convertible tops, for automobiles, manufacturing
exhaust systems and parts, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
filters (e.g., air, engine oil, fuel), internal combustion engine, manufacturing
racks (e.g., bicycle, luggage, ski, tire), automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
radiators and cores, automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
wheels (i.e., rims), automotive, truck and bus, manufacturing
3364 Aerospace product and parts manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing aircraft, missiles, space vehicles
and their engines, propulsion units, auxiliary equipment, and parts thereof. The development and production of
prototypes is classified in this industry, as is the factory overhaul and conversion of aircraft and propulsion systems.
33641 Aerospace product and parts manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing aircraft, missiles, space vehicles and
their engines, propulsion units, auxiliary equipment, and parts thereof. The development and production of
prototypes is classified in this industry, as is the factory overhaul and conversion of aircraft and propulsion systems.
336410 Aerospace product and parts manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing aircraft, missiles, space
vehicles and their engines, propulsion units, auxiliary equipment, and parts thereof. The development and
production of prototypes is classified in this industry, as is the factory overhaul and conversion of aircraft and
propulsion systems.
Illustrative example(s)
• aircraft assemblies, subassemblies and parts, manufacturing
• aircraft conversions (i.e., major modifications to systems or equipment)
• aircraft engines and engine parts (except carburetors, pistons, piston rings, valves), manufacturing
• aircraft fuselage, wing, tail and similar assemblies, manufacturing
• aircraft or airplanes, manufacturing
• developing and producing prototypes for aerospace products
• guided missile and space vehicle parts, manufacturing
• guided missiles and space vehicles, manufacturing
• helicopters, manufacturing
• tail assemblies and parts (empennage), aircraft, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing aircraft fluid power subassemblies (see 332910 Metal valve manufacturing)
• manufacturing fluid power pumps (see 333990 All other general-purpose machinery manufacturing)
• manufacturing communications satellites (see 334220 Radio and television broadcasting and wireless
communications equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing aeronautical instruments (see 334511 Navigational and guidance instruments
manufacturing)
• manufacturing aircraft intake and exhaust valves and pistons (see 336310 Motor vehicle gasoline engine
and engine parts manufacturing)
• manufacturing aircraft lighting fixtures (see 336320 Motor vehicle electrical and electronic equipment
manufacturing)
• manufacturing aircraft seating (see 336360 Motor vehicle seating and interior trim manufacturing)
• manufacturing aircraft internal combustion engine filters (see 336390 Other motor vehicle parts
manufacturing)
• repairing aircraft, except on a factory basis (see 488190 Other support activities for air transportation)
• performing research and development on aircraft, but not producing prototypes (see 541710 Research and
development in the physical, engineering and life sciences)
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3365 Railroad rolling stock manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and rebuilding locomotives and
railroad cars, of any type or gauge, including frames and parts. The manufacture of rapid transit cars and
special-purpose self-propelled railroad equipment, such as rail layers, ballast distributors, rail-tamping equipment
and other railway track maintenance equipment is included in this industry group.
33651 Railroad rolling stock manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and rebuilding locomotives and railroad
cars, of any type or gauge, including frames and parts. The manufacture of rapid transit cars and special-purpose
self-propelled railroad equipment, such as rail layers, ballast distributors, rail-tamping equipment and other railway
track maintenance equipment is included in this industry.
336510 Railroad rolling stock manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and rebuilding locomotives
and railroad cars, of any type or gauge, including frames and parts. The manufacture of rapid transit cars and
special-purpose self-propelled railroad equipment, such as rail layers, ballast distributors, rail-tamping equipment
and other railway track maintenance equipment is included in this industry.
Illustrative example(s)
• diesel-electric locomotives, manufacturing
• locomotives, manufacturing
• mining locomotives and parts, manufacturing
• rail laying and tamping equipment, manufacturing
• railroad cars, self-propelled, manufacturing
• railroad track equipment (e.g., rail layers, ballast distributors), manufacturing
• rapid transit cars and equipment, manufacturing
• subway cars, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing mining rail cars (see 333130 Mining and oil and gas field machinery manufacturing)
• manufacturing diesel engines and parts for locomotives (see 333619 Other engine and power transmission
equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing locomotive fuel lubricating or cooling medium pumps (see 333910 Pump and compressor
manufacturing)
• activities of repair shops that are part of a railroad or local transit network (see 488210 Support activities
for rail transportation)
3366 Ship and boat building
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating a shipyard or manufacturing boats.
Shipyards are fixed facilities with dry docks and fabrication equipment capable of building a ship, defined as
water-craft suitable or intended for other than personal or recreational use. Boats are defined as water-craft suitable
or intended for personal or recreational use. The activities of shipyards include the construction of ships, their
repair, conversion and alteration, the production of prefabricated ship sections and barge sections, and specialized
services, such as ship scaling, when performed at the shipyard.
33661 Ship and boat building
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating a shipyard or manufacturing boats.
Shipyards are fixed facilities with dry docks and fabrication equipment capable of building a ship, defined as
water-craft suitable or intended for other than personal or recreational use. Boats are defined as water-craft suitable
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or intended for personal or recreational use. The activities of shipyards include the construction of ships, their
repair, conversion and alteration, the production of prefabricated ship sections and barge sections, and specialized
services, such as ship scaling, when performed at the shipyard.
Exclusion(s)
• ship painting, joinery, carpentry work, and electrical wiring installation (see 238 Specialty trade contractors)
• manufacturing prefabricated metal ship, boat and barge sections, not at a shipyard or boat yard (see
332319 Other plate work and fabricated structural product manufacturing)
• ship repairs performed in floating drydocks (see 488390 Other support activities for water transportation)
336611 Ship building and repairing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating a shipyard. Shipyards are fixed
facilities with dry docks and fabrication equipment capable of building a ship, defined as water-craft suitable or
intended for other than personal or recreational use. The activities of shipyards include the construction of ships,
their repair, conversion and alteration, the production of prefabricated ship sections and barge sections, and
specialized services, such as ship scaling, when performed at the shipyard.
Illustrative example(s)
• barges, building
• drilling and production platforms, floating, oil and gas, building
• fishing boats, commercial, building
• hydrofoil vessels and hovercrafts, building and repairing in shipyards
• ship dismantling at shipyards
• ship repair, done in a shipyard
Exclusion(s)
• ship painting, joinery, carpentry work, and electrical wiring installation (see 238 Specialty trade contractors)
• manufacturing prefabricated metal ship, boat and barge sections, not at a shipyard (see 332319 Other
plate work and fabricated structural product manufacturing)
• ship repairs performed in floating drydocks (see 488390 Other support activities for water transportation)
336612 Boat building This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in building boats in boat yards (i.e., boat
manufacturing facilities). Boats are defined as water-craft not built in shipyards and typically of the type suitable or
intended for personal use. Included in this industry are establishments that manufacture rigid-hull inflatable rubber
or plastic boats.
Illustrative example(s)
• boats, recreational, manufacturing
• canoes, kayaks, rowboats and skiffs, manufacturing
• fishing boats, recreational, building
• hydrofoil vessels and hovercrafts, recreational type, manufacturing
• inflatable boats (except toy), heavy-duty, all materials, manufacturing
• inflatable rafts, any material (non recreational i.e., life rafts for ships), manufacturing
• motorboats including fibreglass, inboard or outboard, manufacturing
• rigid hull inflatable boats, manufacturing
• yachts, built in boat yard
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing non-rigid hull inflatable plastic boats (see 326198 All other plastic product manufacturing)
• manufacturing non-rigid hull inflatable rubber boats (see 326290 Other rubber product manufacturing)
• manufacturing prefabricated metal boat sections, not at a boat yard (see 332319 Other plate work and
fabricated structural product manufacturing)
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3369 Other transportation equipment manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
manufacturing transportation equipment and parts.
33699 Other transportation equipment manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
transportation equipment and parts.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing wheelbarrows and push-carts (see 333920 Material handling equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing wheelchairs (see 339110 Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing)
• manufacturing children's tricycles (see 339930 Doll, toy and game manufacturing)
336990 Other transportation equipment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing transportation equipment and parts.
Illustrative example(s)
• all-terrain or off-terrain vehicles (ATVs), wheeled or tracked, manufacturing
• animal-drawn vehicles (e.g., wagons, sleighs, buggies, carriages, carts) and parts, manufacturing
• armoured military vehicles and parts (except tanks), manufacturing
• bicycles and tricycles parts (e.g., brakes, frames, gears, handlebars, saddles), manufacturing
• bicycles and tricycles, manufacturing
• go-carts (except children's), manufacturing
• off-highway tracked vehicles (except construction, armoured military), manufacturing
• race cars, manufacturing
• tanks, military (including factory rebuilding), manufacturing
337 Furniture and related product manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing furniture and related products. The
processes used in the manufacture of furniture are standard methods of forming materials and assembling
components, including cutting, moulding and laminating. The design of the article, for both aesthetic and functional
qualities, is an important aspect of the production process. Design services may be performed by the furniture
establishment's own work force or may be purchased from industrial designers. Furniture is classified based on the
application for which it is designed. For example, an upholstered sofa is treated as household furniture, although it
may also be used in hotels or offices.
Furniture is also classified according to the component material from which it is made. Furniture made from more
than one material is classified based on the material used in the frame, or if there is no frame, the predominant
component material. Upholstered household furniture is classified as such, without regard to the frame material.
Furniture may be produced on a stock or custom basis and may be shipped assembled or unassembled
(knockdown). Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing furniture frames and parts are included.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing furniture hardware (see 332 Fabricated metal product manufacturing)
• manufacturing seating for transportation equipment (see 336 Transportation equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing laboratory and hospital furniture (see 339 Miscellaneous manufacturing)
• repairing, refinishing and reupholstering furniture (see 811 Repair and maintenance)
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3371 Household and institutional furniture and kitchen cabinet manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing furniture designed for use in
households; institutions such as schools, churches, restaurants and other public buildings; and wood kitchen
cabinets, bathroom vanities, and counters.
33711 Wood kitchen cabinet and counter top manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood kitchen cabinets, bathroom
vanities, and counters, designed for permanent installation.
337110 Wood kitchen cabinet and counter top manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood kitchen cabinets,
bathroom vanities, and counters, designed for permanent installation.
Illustrative example(s)
• bathroom vanities, wood, manufacturing
• kitchen cabinets (except free standing), wood, manufacturing
• kitchen cabinets and counters, prefabricated wood, manufacturing and installation combined
• table or counter tops (e.g., kitchen, bathroom, bar), plastic laminated, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing free standing wood cabinets (see 337123 Other wood household furniture manufacturing)
33712 Household and institutional furniture manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing furniture designed for use in
households, and institutions such as schools, churches, restaurants and other public buildings.
337121 Upholstered household furniture manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing upholstered household
furniture.
Illustrative example(s)
• chairs (e.g., rocking, occasional, reclining, lounge), household, upholstered, manufacturing
• chesterfields, manufacturing
• sofas (including sofa beds), manufacturing
• spring cushions, manufacturing
337123 Other wood household furniture manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood furniture designed for
household use, except upholstered. Such furniture may be used in buildings other than private dwellings, for
example in hotel rooms.
Illustrative example(s)
• bedroom furniture, wood, manufacturing
• bookcases, wood, household, manufacturing
• cabinet making, made to individual order
• cedar chests, manufacturing
• chairs, wood household (except upholstered), manufacturing
• dining and living room furniture, wood, manufacturing
• furniture, wood household, made to individual order
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Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing wood kitchen cabinets and bathroom vanities designed for permanent installation (see
337110 Wood kitchen cabinet and counter top manufacturing)
• manufacturing upholstered household furniture (see 337121 Upholstered household furniture
manufacturing)
337126 Household furniture (except wood and upholstered) manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing household furniture, except
wood or upholstered.
Illustrative example(s)
• baby seats for automobiles, manufacturing
• brass furniture, manufacturing
• cabinets (free standing), metal, manufacturing
• card table and chair sets, metal, manufacturing
• stools, household (except wood), manufacturing
• wrought iron furniture, manufacturing
337127 Institutional furniture manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing furniture designed for use in
institutions such as schools, churches, restaurants and other public buildings. Establishments primarily engaged in
manufacturing factory furniture, such as work benches and tool stands, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• altars (except stone and concrete), manufacturing
• chairs, portable folding, manufacturing
• draughting or drawing tables and boards, artists (without attachments), manufacturing
• factory furniture (e.g., stools, work benches, tool stands, cabinets), manufacturing
• hotel or motel furniture, manufacturing
• laboratory furniture (e.g., cabinets, benches, tables, stools), manufacturing
• public building furniture, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing specialized furniture for hospitals or dental offices (see 339110 Medical equipment and
supplies manufacturing)
3372 Office furniture (including fixtures) manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing furniture designed for office use,
such as office chairs and desks; and office and store fixtures, such as showcases. Establishments primarily
engaged in manufacturing furniture parts and frames, for all types of furniture, are also included.
33721 Office furniture (including fixtures) manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing furniture designed for office use, such
as office chairs and desks; and office and store fixtures, such as showcases. Establishments primarily engaged in
manufacturing furniture parts and frames, for all types of furniture, are also included.
337213 Wood office furniture, including custom architectural woodwork, manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood furniture designed for
office use, such as office chairs and desks. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing custom designed
interiors consisting of architectural woodwork and fixtures, primarily utilizing wood, are included.
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Illustrative example(s)
• bookcases and cabinets, wood, office, manufacturing
• custom-designed office interiors (i.e., furniture, architectural woodwork and fixtures), manufacturing
• modular and panel furniture systems, wood office, manufacturing
• visible records equipment (e.g., filing cabinets, boxes and cases), wood office, manufacturing
• wood office furniture (e.g., benches, chairs, stools, desks, table), manufacturing
337214 Office furniture (except wood) manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-wood furniture designed
for office use, such as office chairs and desks.
Illustrative example(s)
• bookcases, wall cases and cabinets, office (except wood), manufacturing
• modular or panel furniture systems, office (except wood), manufacturing
• office furniture (e.g., benches, chairs, rotating stools, desks, tables), manufacturing (except wood)
• visible records equipment (e.g., filing cabinets, boxes and cases), office (except wood), manufacturing
337215 Showcase, partition, shelving and locker manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fixtures for office, store and
similar applications, such as display cases, shelving and lockers. Establishments primarily engaged in
manufacturing furniture parts and frames, for all types of furniture, are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• display cases and fixtures (except refrigerated), manufacturing
• furniture frames, manufacturing
• furniture parts and components, manufacturing
• lockers (except refrigerated), manufacturing
• point of purchase display racks, wire, manufacturing
• postal service lock boxes, manufacturing
• shelving, office and store, manufacturing
• showcase, partition, shelving and locker manufacturing
• showcases (except refrigerated), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing refrigerated cabinets, showcases and display cases (see 333416 Heating equipment and
commercial refrigeration equipment manufacturing)
3379 Other furniture-related product manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
manufacturing furniture-related products.
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing furniture hardware (see 3325 Hardware manufacturing)
• manufacturing safes and vaults (see 3329 Other fabricated metal product manufacturing)
• repairing, refinishing and reupholstering furniture (see 8114 Personal and household goods repair and
maintenance)
33791 Mattress manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing mattresses and related products.
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337910 Mattress manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing mattresses and related
products.
Illustrative example(s)
• bedsprings, assembled, manufacturing
• inner spring mattresses, manufacturing
• mattresses for waterbeds, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing inflatable mattresses (see 326 Plastics and rubber products manufacturing)
• manufacturing individual wire springs (see 332619 Other fabricated wire product manufacturing)
33792 Blind and shade manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing blinds and shades, and related fixtures,
for interior use.
337920 Blind and shade manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing blinds and shades, and
related fixtures, for interior use.
Illustrative example(s)
• bamboo shades, blinds and awnings, manufacturing
• curtain and drapery rods, poles and hardware fixtures (except wooden), manufacturing
• venetian blinds (wood), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing curtains (see 314120 Curtain and linen mills)
• manufacturing canvas exterior shades and awnings (see 314910 Textile bag and canvas mills)
339 Miscellaneous manufacturing
This subsector comprises establishments, not classified to any other subsector, primarily engaged in manufacturing
activities. These establishments manufacture a diverse range of products, such as medical equipment and supplies,
jewellery, sporting goods, toys and office supplies.
3391 Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing medical equipment and supplies.
Establishments primarily engaged in grinding eyeglasses and hard contact lenses to prescription, on a factory
basis, are included.
33911 Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing medical equipment and supplies.
Establishments primarily engaged in grinding eyeglasses and hard contact lenses to prescription, on a factory
basis, are included.
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339110 Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing medical equipment and
supplies. Establishments primarily engaged in grinding eyeglasses and hard contact lenses to prescription, on a
factory basis, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• blood transfusion equipment or hemodialysis apparatus, manufacturing
• catheters, cannulae and intravenous system (IV), manufacturing
• contact lenses, manufacturing
• dental equipment and instruments (e.g., sterilizers, pliers, forceps, drills, burs), manufacturing
• eyeglass or spectacles frames, mountings, lenses and parts (i.e., temples and fronts), manufacturing
• hospital furniture (e.g., hospital beds, operating room furniture), manufacturing
• hypodermic needles and syringes, manufacturing
• lens grinding, ophthalmic (except in retail stores)
• medical and related instruments, apparatus and equipment (except electro-medical), manufacturing
• orthopedic and prosthetic appliances, devices and supplies, manufacturing
• wheel chairs, invalid chairs and their parts, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing moulded plastic lens blanks (see 326198 All other plastic product manufacturing)
• manufacturing moulded glass lens blanks (see 32721 Glass and glass product manufacturing)
• manufacturing laboratory instruments, x-ray apparatus, and electro-medical apparatus, such as hearing
aids (see 334512 Measuring, medical and controlling devices manufacturing)
• retailing prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses made on the premises (see 446130 Optical goods
stores)
3399 Other miscellaneous manufacturing
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
manufacturing activities.
33991 Jewellery and silverware manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing, engraving, chasing or etching
jewellery, novelties or precious metal flatware; stamping coins; cutting, slabbing, tumbling, carving, engraving,
polishing or faceting precious or semiprecious stones; recutting, repolishing and setting gem stones; or drilling,
sawing, and peeling cultured and costume pearls. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pewter
jewellery or flatware are included.
339910 Jewellery and silverware manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing, engraving, chasing or
etching jewellery, novelties or precious metal flatware; stamping coins; cutting, slabbing, tumbling, carving,
engraving, polishing or faceting precious or semiprecious stones; recutting, repolishing and setting gem stones; or
drilling, sawing, and peeling cultured and costume pearls. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing
pewter jewellery or flatware are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• costume jewellery (including imitation stones and pearls), manufacturing
• flatware, precious metal (except plated), manufacturing
• industrial diamonds, cut and polished, manufacturing
• jewellers' findings and materials, manufacturing
• jewellery and silverware, metal embossing or filigreeing for the trade
• jewellery, made of precious metal or precious or semiprecious stones, manufacturing
• lapidary work
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•
•
•
•
•
medals, precious or semi-precious metal, manufacturing
minting of coins
pewter ware, manufacturing
precious stones, cutting and polishing
trophies, precious metal (except plated), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing personal goods, except metal, carried on or about the person, such as compacts and vanity
cases (see 316990 Other leather and allied product manufacturing)
• manufacturing synthetic stones or gem stones (see 327990 All other non-metallic mineral product
manufacturing)
• manufacturing metal cutlery and flatware plated with precious or non-precious metal (see 332210 Cutlery
and hand tool manufacturing)
• engraving, chasing or etching non-precious metal flatware and other plated ware (see 332810 Coating,
engraving, cold and heat treating and allied activities)
• manufacturing non-precious metal plated ware (except cutlery and flatware) (see 33299 All other
fabricated metal product manufacturing)
33992 Sporting and athletic goods manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing sporting and athletic goods, except
clothing and footwear.
339920 Sporting and athletic goods manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing sporting and athletic goods,
except clothing and footwear.
Illustrative example(s)
• athletic and sporting goods (except clothing, firearms and ammunition), manufacturing
• baseball equipment, manufacturing
• basketball equipment, manufacturing
• billiard, pool and snooker equipment (e.g., balls, cues, cue tips, tables), manufacturing
• football equipment, manufacturing
• golf equipment, manufacturing
• gymnasium and playground equipment, manufacturing
• hockey equipment (e.g., pants, pads, shinguards), manufacturing
• ski boots, manufacturing
• swimming pools, prefabricated, manufacturing
• tennis equipment, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing team uniforms (see 315289 All other cut and sew clothing manufacturing)
• manufacturing athletic footwear (see 316210 Footwear manufacturing)
• manufacturing small arms and small arms ammunition (see 332999 All other miscellaneous fabricated
metal product manufacturing)
• manufacturing bicycles (see 336990 Other transportation equipment manufacturing)
33993 Doll, toy and game manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dolls, toys and games.
339930 Doll, toy and game manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dolls, toys and games.
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Illustrative example(s)
• baby carriages or strollers, manufacturing
• dolls (including parts and accessories), manufacturing
• electronic toys and game machines (except coin-operated), manufacturing
• games (except amusement park and playground), manufacturing
• handicraft supplies, manufacturing
• model kits, manufacturing
• stuffed toys (including animals), manufacturing
• toys, electric (including parts), manufacturing
• vehicles (except bicycles), children's, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing electronic video game cartridges and reproducing video game software (see 334610
Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical media)
• manufacturing bicycles and tricycles (see 336990 Other transportation equipment manufacturing)
• manufacturing sporting and athletic goods (see 339920 Sporting and athletic goods manufacturing)
• manufacturing coin-operated game machines (see 339990 All other miscellaneous manufacturing)
33994 Office supplies (except paper) manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing office supplies, except paper.
339940 Office supplies (except paper) manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing office supplies, except paper.
Illustrative example(s)
• chalk (e.g., carpenters', blackboard, marking, artists', tailors'), manufacturing
• markers, soft tip (e.g., felt, fabric, plastic), manufacturing
• mechanical pencils, manufacturing
• modelling clay, manufacturing
• paints or colours, artists', manufacturing
• palettes, artists', manufacturing
• pastels and crayons (artists), manufacturing
• pencil sharpeners, manufacturing
• pens and pen parts (e.g., meter, fountain, stylographic, ballpoint), manufacturing
• ribbons, inked (e.g., typewriter, adding machine, cash register), manufacturing
• stamping devices, hand operated (e.g., time, date, postmark, cancelling, shoe and textile marking),
manufacturing
• staplers, office, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing paper office supplies (see 322230 Stationery product manufacturing)
• manufacturing manifold business forms, blankbooks and loose-leaf binders (see 32311 Printing)
• manufacturing writing, drawing and India inks (see 325999 All other miscellaneous chemical product
manufacturing)
• manufacturing rubber erasers (see 326290 Other rubber product manufacturing)
• manufacturing drafting tables and boards (see 337127 Institutional furniture manufacturing)
33995 Sign manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing signs and related displays, of all
materials except paper and paperboard.
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339950 Sign manufacturing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing signs and related displays, of
all materials except paper and paperboard.
Illustrative example(s)
• electric backlight signs, manufacturing
• electrical signs and advertising displays, manufacturing
• letters and numerals (except wood and paper), for signs, manufacturing
• neon signs, manufacturing
• scoreboards, electric, manufacturing
• signs and signboards, non-electric, of wood, manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• printing advertising specialties, and printing paper and paperboard signs and notices (see 323119 Other
printing)
• sign painting and lettering (see 541899 All other services related to advertising)
33999 All other miscellaneous manufacturing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing
activities.
339990 All other miscellaneous manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in manufacturing activities.
Illustrative example(s)
• candles, manufacturing
• Christmas trees, plants and wreaths, artificial, manufacturing
• coffins, wood or metal, manufacturing
• fire extinguishers, portable, manufacturing
• flowers, foliage and fruits, artificial (except glass or plastic), manufacturing
• gaskets, packing and sealing devices, manufacturing
• household and industrial brushes (e.g., wire, paint, push, shaving, non electric tooth brush, etc.),
manufacturing
• mops (e.g., dish, dust, floor), manufacturing
• musical instruments (except toy), manufacturing
• needles and pins, manufacturing
• pipes, smoker's, manufacturing
• umbrellas (e.g., beach, garden), manufacturing
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing wood products, such as burnt wood articles (see 321999 All other miscellaneous wood
product manufacturing)
• manufacturing plastic products, such as lamp shades, combs and hair curlers (see 326198 All other plastic
product manufacturing)
• manufacturing glass products, such as lamp shades and non-electric Christmas tree ornaments (see
327215 Glass product manufacturing from purchased glass)
• manufacturing metal products, such as combs and hair curlers (see 332999 All other miscellaneous
fabricated metal product manufacturing)
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41 Wholesale trade
This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling merchandise, generally without
transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise.
The wholesaling process is an intermediate step in the distribution of goods. Many wholesalers are organized to sell
merchandise in large quantities to retailers, and business and institutional clients. However, some wholesalers, in
particular those that supply non-consumer capital goods, sell merchandise in single units to final users.
Sales of capital goods or durable non-consumer goods used in the production of goods and services, such as farm
machinery and equipment, heavy duty trucks, and industrial machinery, are always included in wholesale trade.
Wholesalers sell merchandise to other businesses and normally operate from a warehouse or office. These
warehouses and offices are characterized by having little or no display of merchandise. In addition, neither the
design nor the location of the premises is intended to solicit walk-in traffic. Wholesalers do not normally use
advertising directed to the general public. Customers are generally reached initially via telephone, in-person
marketing, or by specialized advertising that may include Internet and other electronic means. Follow-up are either
vendor-initiated or client initiated, generally based on previous sales, and typically exhibit strong ties between
sellers and buyers.
This sector comprises two main types of wholesalers: merchant wholesalers that sell goods on own account and
wholesale electronic markets, agents, and brokers that arrange sales and purchases for others generally for a
commission or fee.
Merchants wholesalers
Merchant wholesalers buy and sell merchandise on their own account, that is, they take title to the goods they sell.
They generally operate from warehouse or office locations and they may ship from their own inventory or arrange
for the shipment of goods directly from the supplier to the client. In addition to the sale of goods, they may provide,
or arrange for the provision of, logistics, marketing and support services, such as packaging and labelling, inventory
management, shipping, handling of warranty claims, in-store or co-op promotions, and product training.
Merchants wholesalers are known by a variety of trade designations depending on their relationship with suppliers
or customers, or the distribution method they employ. Examples include wholesale merchants, wholesale
distributors, drop shippers, rack-jobbers, import-export merchants, and banner wholesalers.
Included as merchant wholesalers are sales branches or offices (but not retail stores) maintained by manufacturing,
refining, or mining enterprises apart from their plants or mines for the purpose of marketing their products.
Merchant wholesalers also include factoryless good producers (FGPs) that completely outsource the transformation
process but do not own the input materials. These units are in fact buying the completed good from the producer
with the intention to resell it. These units may design the goods being manufactured, and may have some say in the
manufacturing process. On the other hand, FGPs that completely outsource the transformation process but own the
inputs are classified to the manufacturing sector.
The first eight subsectors of wholesale trade comprise merchant wholesalers. The grouping of these establishments
into industry groups and industries is based on the merchandise line or lines supplied by the wholesaler.
Business-to business electronic markets, and agents and brokers
Business-to business electronic markets, and wholesale trade agents and brokers arrange for the purchase or sale
of goods owned by others, generally for a commission or fee. They are known as business-to-business (B2B)
electronic markets, wholesale trade agents and brokers, commission merchants, import-export agents and brokers,
auction companies, and manufacturer's representatives. These establishments operate from offices and generally
do not own or handle the goods they sell.
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411 Farm product merchant wholesalers This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling livestock, grain and other farm products.
4111 Farm product merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling livestock, grain and other farm
products.
41111 Live animal merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling live animals.
411110 Live animal merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling live animals.
Illustrative example(s)
• auctioning livestock, with own facilities
• bees, wholesale
• fish, live, wholesale
• live bait, wholesale
• livestock, wholesale
• pet animals, wholesale
• worms, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling fresh, cured or frozen (unpackaged) fish (see 413140 Fish and seafood product merchant
wholesalers)
41112 Oilseed and grain merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling oilseeds and grains. Establishments
operating grain elevators (except those primarily engaged in storage) are included.
411120 Oilseed and grain merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling oilseeds and grains.
Establishments operating grain elevators (except those primarily engaged in storage) are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• beans, dry, wholesale
• peas, dry, wholesale
• rice, unpolished, wholesale
• soybeans, wholesale
• wheat, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling hay, processed seeds, grain used as fodder, and animal feeds (see 418310 Agricultural feed
merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling seeds for field crops, flowers and plants, garden seeds and grass seeds (see 418320 Seed
merchant wholesalers)
• operating grain elevators mainly for storage purposes (see 493130 Farm product warehousing and
storage)
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41113 Nursery stock and plant merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling nursery stock and plants.
411130 Nursery stock and plant merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling nursery stock and plants.
Illustrative example(s)
• flowers and florists' supplies, wholesale
• ornamental plants and flowers, wholesale
• trees, bushes and plants, wholesale
41119 Other farm product merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling crude,
unprocessed farm products.
411190 Other farm product merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in wholesaling crude, unprocessed farm products.
Illustrative example(s)
• animal hair and pelts merchant wholesalers (e.g., furs, mohair, skins, wool)
• feathers, unprocessed, wholesale
• fibres, vegetable, wholesale
• hides and skins, raw, wholesale
• milk, raw, wholesale
• nuts and seeds, unshelled, wholesale
• raw sugar, wholesale
• semen, bovine, wholesale
• silk, raw, wholesale
• vegetables and fruits, crude, unprocessed, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling cured tobacco (see 413310 Cigarette and tobacco product merchant wholesalers)
412 Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling crude oil, liquefied petroleum gases,
heating oil and other refined petroleum products.
4121 Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling crude oil, liquefied petroleum
gases, heating oil and other refined petroleum products.
41211 Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling crude oil, liquefied petroleum gases,
heating oil and other refined petroleum products.
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412110 Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling crude oil, liquefied petroleum
gases, heating oil and other refined petroleum products.
Illustrative example(s)
• aircraft fuelling services, wholesale
• bulk tank station, wholesale
• crude oil, wholesale
• fuel oil dealers, wholesale
• gasoline, wholesale
• liquefied petroleum gases, wholesale
• lubricating oils and greases, wholesale
• refined petroleum products, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• lubricating motor vehicles (see 811199 All other automotive repair and maintenance)
413 Food, beverage and tobacco merchant wholesalers This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling food products, beverages and tobacco
products.
4131 Food merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling processed milk and other dairy
products, poultry and eggs, fish and seafood products, fresh fruit and vegetables, red meat and meat products,
bread and other bakery products, processed rice, flour, flour mixes, prepared cereal foods and spices.
41311 General-line food merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling a general line of food products.
413110 General-line food merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling a general line of food products.
41312 Dairy and milk products merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling processed milk and other dairy products.
413120 Dairy and milk products merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling processed milk and other dairy
products.
Illustrative example(s)
• dairy and milk products (e.g., butter, cheese, yogurt), wholesale
• frozen dairy products and desserts (e.g., ice cream and ices), wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling dried and canned dairy products (see 413190 Other specialty-line food merchant wholesalers)
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41313 Poultry and egg merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling dressed poultry and eggs.
413130 Poultry and egg merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling dressed poultry and eggs.
Illustrative example(s)
• dressed poultry (e.g., chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys, roaster chickens, pheasants), wholesale
• eggs, wholesale
• poultry products, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling live poultry (see 411110 Live animal merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling packaged frozen poultry (see 413190 Other specialty-line food merchant wholesalers)
41314 Fish and seafood product merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling fresh, cured or frozen fish and seafood
products, except packaged.
413140 Fish and seafood product merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling fresh, cured or frozen fish and
seafood products, except packaged.
Illustrative example(s)
• crustaceans and molluscs, wholesale
• fish, cured, wholesale
• fish, frozen (except packaged), wholesale
• fresh fish, wholesale
• lobsters, fresh or frozen (except frozen packaged), wholesale
• seafood, frozen (except packaged), wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling packaged frozen fish and seafood or canned sea products (see 413190 Other specialty-line
food merchant wholesalers)
41315 Fresh fruit and vegetable merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cleaning, sorting, repackaging and wholesaling fresh
fruit and vegetables. These establishments typically supply retailers.
413150 Fresh fruit and vegetable merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cleaning, sorting, repackaging and
wholesaling fresh fruit and vegetables. These establishments typically supply retailers.
Illustrative example(s)
• packing house, fruit, fresh, wholesale
• vegetable packing shed, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• buying and reselling unprocessed fruit and vegetables (see 411190 Other farm product merchant
wholesalers)
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• wholesaling packaged frozen, and canned fruit and vegetables (see 413190 Other specialty-line food
merchant wholesalers)
41316 Red meat and meat product merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling fresh, frozen (except frozen packaged),
cured and cooked meats.
413160 Red meat and meat product merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling fresh, frozen (except frozen
packaged), cured and cooked meats.
Illustrative example(s)
• cured meat (except canned), wholesale
• frozen meat (except packaged), wholesale
• lard, wholesale
• meat (e.g., beef, pork), cooked or prepared (except canned), wholesale
• meat carcasses (e.g., beef, pork), wholesale
• meat preparations (except canned), wholesale
• meats, fresh, wholesale
• sausage casings, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• cutting purchased carcasses and selling boxed beef (see 31161 Animal slaughtering and processing)
• wholesaling packaged frozen meats or canned meats (see 413190 Other specialty-line food merchant
wholesalers)
41319 Other specialty-line food merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling
specialized lines of food, including canned foods and packaged frozen foods.
413190 Other specialty-line food merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in wholesaling specialized lines of food, including canned foods and packaged frozen foods.
Illustrative example(s)
• bakery products, wholesale
• canned foods, wholesale
• coffee, wholesale
• confectionery, wholesale
• dairy products, canned or dried, wholesale
• frozen foods, packaged, wholesale
• fruit juices, wholesale
• health food, wholesale
• jams, jellies and marmalades, wholesale
• pickles, preserves and sauces, wholesale
• sugar, refined, wholesale
• tea, wholesale
4132 Beverage merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling alcoholic and non-alcoholic
beverages.
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41321 Non-alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling non-alcoholic beverages.
413210 Non-alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling non-alcoholic beverages.
Illustrative example(s)
• apple cider (less than 2.5% alcohol), wholesale
• beverage concentrates, wholesale
• mineral and spring waters, wholesale
• soft drinks, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling fruit juices (see 413190 Other specialty-line food merchant wholesalers)
41322 Alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling alcoholic beverages.
413220 Alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling alcoholic beverages.
Illustrative example(s)
• alcoholic beverages, wholesale
• coolers (2.5% or greater alcohol content), wholesale
• hard cider (2.5% or greater alcohol content), wholesale
• liquors and wines, wholesale
• spirits (e.g., distilled, neutral, brandy), wholesale
4133 Cigarette and tobacco product merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling cured tobacco and tobacco
products.
41331 Cigarette and tobacco product merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling cured tobacco and tobacco products.
413310 Cigarette and tobacco product merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling cured tobacco and tobacco
products.
Illustrative example(s)
• cigars, cigarettes and cut tobacco, wholesale
• tobacco (e.g., pipe, chewing, smoking, snuff (powder)), wholesale
• tobacco, cured or processed, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling raw leaf tobacco (see 411190 Other farm product merchant wholesalers)
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414 Personal and household goods merchant wholesalers This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling textiles, clothing, footwear, home
entertainment equipment, household appliances, home furnishings, personal articles, pharmaceuticals, toiletries,
cosmetics and sundries.
4141 Textile, clothing and footwear merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling textiles, clothing, clothing
accessories, footwear, piece goods, notions and other dry goods.
41411 Clothing and clothing accessories merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling clothing and clothing accessories for
adults and children.
414110 Clothing and clothing accessories merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling clothing and clothing
accessories for adults and children.
Illustrative example(s)
• athletic clothing, wholesale
• foundation garments (e.g., underwear, undergarments, lingerie), wholesale
• fur clothing, wholesale
• handbags and pocketbooks, wholesale
• knit wear, wholesale
• men's and boys' clothing and furnishings, wholesale
41412 Footwear merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling footwear.
414120 Footwear merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling footwear.
Illustrative example(s)
• footwear (e.g., athletic, boots, overshoes, shoes, slippers), wholesale
• footwear (e.g., plastic, rubber, leather, waterproof), wholesale
41413 Piece goods, notions and other dry goods merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling piece goods, notions and other dry goods.
414130 Piece goods, notions and other dry goods merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling piece goods, notions and other
dry goods.
Illustrative example(s)
• buttons, wholesale
• clothing fasteners, wholesale
• fabric, textile, wholesale
• knitting yarns, wholesale
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notions, wholesale
patterns, clothing, wholesale
piece goods (e.g., textile, synthetic, cotton, silk, rayon), wholesale
yard goods, textile, wholesale
yarn and thread, wholesale
zippers, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling household linens and draperies (see 414330 Linen, drapery and other textile furnishings
merchant wholesalers)
4142 Home entertainment equipment and household appliance merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling home entertainment equipment and
household electrical and electronic appliances and parts.
41421 Home entertainment equipment merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new home entertainment equipment and
related parts.
414210 Home entertainment equipment merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new home entertainment
equipment and related parts.
Illustrative example(s)
• cassette player, recorder, portable, wholesale
• sound systems, domestic, wholesale
• television sets, wholesale
• video recorder, domestic, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling computers and pre-packaged software (see 417310 Computer, computer peripheral and
pre-packaged software merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling used entertainment equipment and parts (see 418930 Second-hand goods (except machinery
and automotive) merchant wholesalers)
41422 Household appliance merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling large and small, new, electric, household
appliances
414220 Household appliance merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling large and small, new, electric,
household appliances.
Illustrative example(s)
• air-conditioners, electric, window-type, wholesale
• beauty care appliances, electric, wholesale
• electric appliances, household, wholesale
• kitchen appliances (e.g., toasters, kettles, ironers), electric, wholesale
• microwave ovens, household, wholesale
• personal care appliances (e.g., hair dryers, razors, toothbrushes), electric, wholesale
• refrigerators, electric, domestic, wholesale
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sewing machines, electric, domestic, wholesale
stoves, electric, domestic, wholesale
vacuum cleaners, household, wholesale
washing machines, electric, domestic, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling gas appliances (see 416120 Plumbing, heating and air-conditioning equipment and supplies
merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling restaurant and hotel equipment (see 417920 Service establishment machinery, equipment
and supplies merchant wholesalers)
4143 Home furnishings merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling home furnishings, such as furniture,
china, glassware, crockery and pottery, floor coverings, linens and draperies.
41431 China, glassware, crockery and pottery merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling household china, glassware, crockery and
pottery, including ceramic kitchenware and tableware.
414310 China, glassware, crockery and pottery merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling household china, glassware,
crockery and pottery, including ceramic kitchenware and tableware.
Illustrative example(s)
• household china and glassware, wholesale
• household crockery, pottery, ceramic and earthenware, wholesale
• kitchenware and tableware, ceramic, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling cutlery other than precious metal (see 414390 Other home furnishings merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling precious metal cutlery (see 414410 Jewellery and watch merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling restaurant and hotel goods (see 417920 Service establishment machinery, equipment and
supplies merchant wholesalers)
41432 Floor covering merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling floor coverings.
414320 Floor covering merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling floor coverings.
Illustrative example(s)
• carpet and carpet supplies, wholesale
• floor tiles (except ceramic), wholesale
• linoleum floor covering, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling hardwood flooring (see 416320 Lumber, plywood and millwork merchant wholesalers)
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41433 Linen, drapery and other textile furnishings merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling household linens, draperies and other
textile home furnishings, including bedding.
414330 Linen, drapery and other textile furnishings merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling household linens, draperies
and other textile home furnishings, including bedding.
Illustrative example(s)
• bath mats and bathroom sets, wholesale
• bed coverings, wholesale
• bedding, wholesale
• curtains, wholesale
• draperies, wholesale
• household linens, wholesale
• tapestries, household furnishings, wholesale
41439 Other home furnishings merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling
furniture and other home furnishings, such as window accessories, blinds, pictures and picture frames, mirrors and
decorative ware. Establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling a combination of home furnishings with none
predominating are also included.
414390 Other home furnishings merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in wholesaling furniture and other home furnishings, such as window accessories, blinds, pictures and picture
frames, mirrors and decorative ware. Establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling a combination of home
furnishings with none predominating are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• art and decorative ware, household, wholesale
• cutlery, household, wholesale
• furniture, office, restaurant and public building, wholesale
• household furniture, wholesale
• lawn furniture, wholesale
• mattresses and box springs, wholesale
• mirrors (except automotive), wholesale
• wall decorations, household, wholesale
• window shades and blinds, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling china and glassware, kitchen and tableware (see 414310 China, glassware, crockery and
pottery merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling carpets and other floor coverings (see 414320 Floor covering merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling bedding, draperies and other textile furnishings (see 414330 Linen, drapery and other textile
furnishings merchant wholesalers)
4144 Personal goods merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling personal articles, such as jewellery,
watches, books, periodicals, newspapers, photographic equipment and supplies, sound recordings, video
recordings, toys, hobby goods, and amusement and sporting goods.
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41441 Jewellery and watch merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling jewellery, finished gem stones, watches,
silverware, and table flatware, hollowware or cutlery made of precious metal.
414410 Jewellery and watch merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling jewellery, finished gem stones,
watches, silverware, and table flatware, hollowware or cutlery made of precious metal.
Illustrative example(s)
• silverware and plated ware, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling non-precious metal cutlery (see 414390 Other home furnishings merchant wholesalers)
• repairing jewellery and watches (see 811490 Other personal and household goods repair and
maintenance)
41442 Book, periodical and newspaper merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling books, periodicals and newspapers,
including textbooks, dictionaries and encyclopaedias.
414420 Book, periodical and newspaper merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling books, periodicals and
newspapers, including textbooks, dictionaries and encyclopaedias.
Illustrative example(s)
• books and pamphlets, wholesale
• fiction books, wholesale
• magazines, wholesale
• maps, wholesale
• newspapers, wholesale
• pocket books, wholesale
• school manuals, wholesale
41443 Photographic equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling photographic equipment and supplies.
414430 Photographic equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling photographic equipment and
supplies.
Illustrative example(s)
• cameras, equipment and supplies, wholesale
• film developing and finishing equipment, wholesale
• film, photographic, wholesale
• photofinishing equipment, wholesale
• photographic film and plates, wholesale
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41444 Sound recording merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling sound recordings in any format, including
cassette and CD. These establishments engage in buy-and-sell distribution, including the distribution of imported
CDs and cassettes, and they may be known as rack-jobbers or one-stop distributors.
414440 Sound recording merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling sound recordings in any format,
including cassette and CD. These establishments engage in buy-and-sell distribution, including the distribution of
imported CDs and cassettes, and they may be known as rack-jobbers or one-stop distributors.
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling music videos (see 414450 Video recording merchant wholesalers)
• releasing, promoting and distributing sound recordings from masters produced by the establishment or
bought, leased or licensed from another establishment (see 512220 Integrated record
production/distribution)
41445 Video recording merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling video recordings.
414450 Video recording merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling video recordings.
41446 Toy and hobby goods merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling toys and hobby goods.
414460 Toy and hobby goods merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling toys and hobby goods.
Illustrative example(s)
• board games, wholesale
• fireworks, wholesale
• handicraft and hobbycraft kits, wholesale
• puzzles, wholesale
• science kits or sets, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling video games (see 414210 Home entertainment equipment merchant wholesalers)
41447 Amusement and sporting goods merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling amusement and sporting goods.
414470 Amusement and sporting goods merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling amusement and sporting
goods.
Illustrative example(s)
• athletic and sporting goods, wholesale
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•
•
•
•
•
bicycles (except motorized), wholesale
camping tents and equipment, wholesale
firearms and ammunitions, sporting equipment, wholesale
fitness equipment, wholesale
gymnasium equipment, wholesale
vehicles, children's, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling snowmobiles, tent trailers, motorized bicycles and pleasure boats (see 415190 Recreational
and other motor vehicles merchant wholesalers)
4145 Pharmaceuticals, toiletries, cosmetics and sundries merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling proprietary and patent medicines,
cosmetics, toiletries and druggists' sundries.
41451 Pharmaceuticals and pharmacy supplies merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling prescription drugs and/or proprietary
drugs and pharmacy supplies.
414510 Pharmaceuticals and pharmacy supplies merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling prescription drugs and/or
proprietary drugs and pharmacy supplies.
Illustrative example(s)
• bacteriological medicines, wholesale
• biological medicines, wholesale
• medicinals and botanicals, wholesale
• prescription drugs, wholesale
• prescription medicines, wholesale
• proprietary (patent) medicines, wholesale
• radioactive pharmaceutical isotopes, wholesale
41452 Toiletries, cosmetics and sundries merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling toiletries, cosmetics and druggists'
sundries.
414520 Toiletries, cosmetics and sundries merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling toiletries, cosmetics and
druggists' sundries.
Illustrative example(s)
• bath oils and salts, wholesale
• druggists' sundries, wholesale
• first-aid supplies, wholesale
• hair care products (e.g., sprays, shampoos, colours, dyes, dressings, tonics), wholesale
• medicinal herbs, non-prescription, wholesale
• perfumes and fragrances, wholesale
• razors and blades, non-electric, wholesale
• sanitary products, personal, wholesale
• toothbrushes (except electric), wholesale
• toothpaste, wholesale
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Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling laundry soap, detergents and cleansers (see 418410 Chemical (except agricultural) and allied
product merchant wholesalers)
415 Motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling motor vehicles, parts and accessories,
including tires.
4151 Motor vehicle merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used automobiles, trucks,
truck trailers, buses and recreational vehicles.
41511 New and used automobile and light-duty truck merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used automobiles and light-duty
trucks, sport utility vehicles and mini-vans.
415110 New and used automobile and light-duty truck merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used automobiles and
light-duty trucks, sport utility vehicles and mini-vans.
Illustrative example(s)
• auctioneers, automobile, with own facilities, not open to the general public
• automobiles (cars), new and used, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling new and used heavy-duty trucks, truck tractors and buses (see 415120 Truck, truck tractor
and bus merchant wholesalers)
41512 Truck, truck tractor and bus merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used heavy-duty trucks, truck
tractors and buses.
415120 Truck, truck tractor and bus merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used heavy-duty
trucks, truck tractors and buses.
Illustrative example(s)
• buses, wholesale
• truck tractors, road, wholesale
• trucks and buses, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling new and used automobiles and light-duty trucks, sport utility vehicles and mini-vans (see
415110 New and used automobile and light-duty truck merchant wholesalers)
• repairing trucks, truck tractors and trailers, and buses (see 8111 Automotive repair and maintenance)
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41519 Recreational and other motor vehicles merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling
recreational motor vehicles and camper trailers.
415190 Recreational and other motor vehicles merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in wholesaling recreational motor vehicles and camper trailers.
Illustrative example(s)
• all terrain vehicles (ATVs), wholesale
• motor homes, wholesale
• motor scooters, wholesale
• motorcycles, wholesale
• recreational vehicles (RVs), wholesale
• trailers for passenger automobiles, wholesale
• trailers for trucks, new and used, wholesale
• travel trailers (e.g., tent trailers), wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling pleasure boats (see 417990 All other machinery, equipment and supplies merchant
wholesalers)
• wholesaling mobile homes (house trailers) (see 418990 All other merchant wholesalers)
4152 New motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and rebuilt motor vehicle parts
and accessories.
41521 Tire merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling tires and tubes for all vehicles.
415210 Tire merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling tires and tubes for all vehicles.
Illustrative example(s)
• repair materials, tire and tube, wholesale
• tires and tubes for motorcycle, wholesale
• tires, used (except scrap), wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• rebuilding tires (see 326210 Tire manufacturing)
41529 Other new motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling new
and rebuilt automotive parts and accessories, auto body and upholsterers' supplies, and automotive chemicals.
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415290 Other new motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in wholesaling new and rebuilt automotive parts and accessories, auto body and upholsterers' supplies, and
automotive chemicals.
Illustrative example(s)
• automotive air-conditioners, new, wholesale
• automotive chemicals, wholesale
• automotive parts, new, wholesale
• batteries, automotive, new, wholesale
• body compounds, automotive, wholesale
• glass, automobile, wholesale
• radios and tape decks, motor vehicle, new, wholesale
• refrigeration units, motor vehicle, wholesale
• sound systems, motor vehicle, new, wholesale
4153 Used motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in dismantling automobiles and wholesaling used
automotive parts and accessories. These establishments also typically sell dismantled automobiles to metal scrap
dealers.
41531 Used motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in dismantling automobiles and wholesaling used
automotive parts and accessories. These establishments also typically sell dismantled automobiles to metal scrap
dealers.
415310 Used motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in dismantling automobiles and wholesaling
used automotive parts and accessories. These establishments also typically sell dismantled automobiles to metal
scrap dealers.
Exclusion(s)
• rebuilding automotive engines on a factory basis (see 336310 Motor vehicle gasoline engine and engine
parts manufacturing)
• rebuilding transmissions on a factory basis (see 336350 Motor vehicle transmission and power train parts
manufacturing)
• crushing automobiles for scrap metal recycling (see 418110 Recyclable metal merchant wholesalers)
• repairing and replacing transmissions (see 81111 Automotive mechanical and electrical repair and
maintenance)
416 Building material and supplies merchant wholesalers This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling electrical, plumbing, heating and
air-conditioning equipment and supplies, metal and metal products, lumber, millwork, hardware and other building
supplies.
4161 Electrical, plumbing, heating and air-conditioning equipment and supplies merchant
wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling electrical construction supplies, and
plumbing, heating and air-conditioning equipment and supplies.
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41611 Electrical wiring and construction supplies merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling electrical wiring supplies and electrical
construction material. Wholesalers of electrical generation and transmission equipment, such as transformers,
motors, generators and powerhouse equipment, are also included.
416110 Electrical wiring and construction supplies merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling electrical wiring supplies and
electrical construction material. Wholesalers of electrical generation and transmission equipment, such as
transformers, motors, generators and powerhouse equipment, are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• conduit electric wire and cable, wholesale
• distribution transformers, wholesale
• electrical construction materials, wholesale
• flashlights, wholesale
• light bulbs, electric, wholesale
• lighting fixtures, residential, commercial and industrial, wholesale
• measuring and testing equipment, electrical (except automotive), wholesale
• panelboards, electrical distribution, wholesale
• street lighting equipment, wholesale
• switchgear and protective equipment, electrical, wholesale
• wiring devices and related electrical supplies, wholesale
41612 Plumbing, heating and air-conditioning equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling plumbing, heating and air-conditioning
equipment and supplies.
416120 Plumbing, heating and air-conditioning equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling plumbing, heating and
air-conditioning equipment and supplies.
Illustrative example(s)
• air-conditioning equipment (except window type units), wholesale
• fireplaces, metal, wholesale
• fixtures, plumbing, wholesale
• furnaces and heaters, wholesale
• gas household appliances, wholesale
• hot water heaters, oil and gas, wholesale
• plumbing and heating equipment and supplies, wholesale
• sanitary ware, wholesale
• ventilating equipment and supplies, wholesale
• warm air heating and cooling equipment, wholesale
• water heaters, electric, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling window-type air-conditioners (see 414220 Household appliance merchant wholesalers)
4162 Metal service centres This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling metals and metal products. These
establishments may also cut, bend or otherwise prepare metals to customer specification.
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41621 Metal service centres This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling metals and metal products. These
establishments may also cut, bend or otherwise prepare metals to customer specification.
416210 Metal service centres This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling metals and metal products.
These establishments may also cut, bend or otherwise prepare metals to customer specification.
Illustrative example(s)
• architectural metal work, wholesale
• castings and forgings, iron and steel products, wholesale
• concrete forms, steel, wholesale
• iron and steel in primary forms and shapes, wholesale
• pipes and tubes, metal, wholesale
• plates, sheets and strips, steel, wholesale
• rails and accessories, metal, wholesale
• sheet piling, steel, wholesale
• sheets, galvanized or other coated, wholesale
• sheets, metal, wholesale
• structural shapes and plates, wholesale
• wire screening, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling electrical wire (see 416110 Electrical wiring and construction supplies merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling metal ores and concentrates (see 418920 Mineral, ore and precious metal merchant
wholesalers)
4163 Lumber, millwork, hardware and other building supplies merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling lumber and millwork, paint, glass,
wallpaper, hardware and other building supplies.
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling logs and wood chips (see 418910 Log and wood chip merchant wholesalers)
41631 General-line building supplies merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling a broad range of building supplies, such
as lumber, hardware, plumbing and electrical supplies, paint, glass and other construction supplies.
416310 General-line building supplies merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling a broad range of building
supplies, such as lumber, hardware, plumbing and electrical supplies, paint, glass and other construction supplies.
41632 Lumber, plywood and millwork merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling rough and dressed lumber, plywood, and
other millwork products.
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416320 Lumber, plywood and millwork merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling rough and dressed lumber,
plywood, and other millwork products.
Illustrative example(s)
• doors and windows, wooden, wholesale
• flooring, wooden, wholesale
• lumber and planing mill products, wholesale
• lumber, rough or dressed, wholesale
• millwork products, wholesale
• moulding, wooden, wholesale
• plywood, wholesale
• shingles and shakes, wooden, wholesale
• turned or shaped wood products, wholesale
41633 Hardware merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling hardware and tradesmen's tools.
416330 Hardware merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling hardware and tradesmen's
tools.
Illustrative example(s)
• builders' hardware, wholesale
• fasteners, hardware, wholesale
• plumbers' tools and equipment, wholesale
• tools, carpenters', mechanics', plumbers' and other trades, wholesale
41634 Paint, glass and wallpaper merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling paints and varnishes, glass, wallpaper
and building decorators' supplies.
416340 Paint, glass and wallpaper merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling paints and varnishes, glass,
wallpaper and building decorators' supplies.
Illustrative example(s)
• decorative wall covering, wallpaper, wholesale
• paint materials and supplies, wholesale
• varnishes, stains, lacquers and shellacs, wholesale
41639 Other specialty-line building supplies merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling
specialized lines of building supplies.
416390 Other specialty-line building supplies merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in wholesaling specialized lines of building supplies.
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Illustrative example(s)
• aggregate, wholesale
• asphalt roofing materials, wholesale
• building stones, wholesale
• ceramic wall and floor tiles, wholesale
• concrete building products, wholesale
• cottages, prefabricated, wholesale
• drywall and plaster supplies, wholesale
• eavestroughing, wholesale
• fences and accessories, wire, wholesale
• masons' materials, wholesale
• metal siding and roofing materials, wholesale
• structural assemblies, prefabricated, wood, wholesale
417 Machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling farm, lawn and garden machinery and
equipment; construction, forestry, mining and industrial machinery, equipment and supplies; computers and
communication equipment and supplies; and other machinery, equipment and supplies.
4171 Farm, lawn and garden machinery and equipment merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new or used farm, lawn and garden
machinery, equipment and parts.
41711 Farm, lawn and garden machinery and equipment merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new or used farm, lawn and garden
machinery, equipment and parts.
417110 Farm, lawn and garden machinery and equipment merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new or used farm, lawn and
garden machinery, equipment and parts.
Illustrative example(s)
• agricultural implement, wholesale
• barn machinery and equipment (including elevating), wholesale
• garden and lawn tractors, wholesale
• irrigation equipment, wholesale
• ploughs, harrows and tillers, farm and garden, wholesale
• tractors (farm), new or used, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• repairing farm machinery and equipment (see 811310 Commercial and industrial machinery and
equipment (except automotive and electronic) repair and maintenance)
• repairing lawn and garden machinery and equipment (see 811411 Home and garden equipment repair and
maintenance)
4172 Construction, forestry, mining, and industrial machinery, equipment and supplies merchant
wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling construction, forestry, mining and
industrial machinery, equipment and supplies.
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41721 Construction and forestry machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used construction and forestry
machinery, equipment and parts.
417210 Construction and forestry machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used construction and
forestry machinery, equipment and parts.
Illustrative example(s)
• asphalt mixing and laying machinery, wholesale
• concrete mixing plant machinery, wholesale
• crawler tractors, construction, wholesale
• excavating machinery and equipment, wholesale
• front-end loaders, wholesale
• graders, wholesale
• logging machinery and equipment, wholesale
• road construction and maintenance machinery, wholesale
• scaffolding, dismountable, wholesale
• sweepers and snow removal equipment, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• repairing construction and forestry machinery and equipment (see 811310 Commercial and industrial
machinery and equipment (except automotive and electronic) repair and maintenance)
41722 Mining and oil and gas well machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used mining, oil and gas well
equipment, and petroleum refinery machinery, equipment, supplies and parts.
417220 Mining and oil and gas well machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used mining, oil and
gas well equipment, and petroleum refinery machinery, equipment, supplies and parts.
Illustrative example(s)
• floating roof seals for oil and gas storage tanks, wholesale
• mineral beneficiation machinery, wholesale
• mining machinery (e.g., agitators, crushers, classifiers), wholesale
• natural gas field production equipment, wholesale
• oil refining machinery and equipment, wholesale
• ore dressing machinery, wholesale
• petroleum production machinery and equipment, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling quarrying and rock drilling equipment (see 417210 Construction and forestry machinery,
equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers)
• repairing mining and oil and gas well machinery and equipment (see 811310 Commercial and industrial
machinery and equipment (except automotive and electronic) repair and maintenance)
41723 Industrial machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used industrial machinery.
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417230 Industrial machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used industrial
machinery.
Illustrative example(s)
• belting, hose and packing, industrial, wholesale
• beverage and food processing machinery, wholesale
• chemical industries machinery, equipment and supplies, wholesale
• compressors and vacuum pumps, wholesale
• manufacturing industries machinery and equipment, wholesale
• mechanical and power transmission equipment, wholesale
• metalworking machinery, wholesale
• power house equipment (except electrical), wholesale
• storage batteries, industrial, wholesale
• transportation equipment industries, machinery, equipment and supplies, wholesale
• welding machinery and equipment, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling electric generators and transmission equipment (see 416110 Electrical wiring and construction
supplies merchant wholesalers)
• repairing industrial machinery, equipment and supplies (see 811310 Commercial and industrial machinery
and equipment (except automotive and electronic) repair and maintenance)
4173 Computer and communications equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used computers,
computer peripherals and pre-packaged computer software.
41731 Computer, computer peripheral and pre-packaged software merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used computers, computer
peripherals and pre-packaged computer software.
417310 Computer, computer peripheral and pre-packaged software merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used computers,
computer peripherals and pre-packaged computer software.
Illustrative example(s)
• computers and peripheral equipment, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• designing, developing and publishing, or publishing only, computer software products (see 51121 Software
publishers)
• repairing computers (see 811210 Electronic and precision equipment repair and maintenance)
41732 Electronic components, navigational and communications equipment and supplies
merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used electronic components,
navigational and communications equipment and supplies. Establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling
telephones, intercoms, pagers and public address systems are included.
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417320 Electronic components, navigational and communications equipment and supplies
merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used electronic
components, navigational and communications equipment and supplies. Establishments primarily engaged in
wholesaling telephones, intercoms, pagers and public address systems are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• alarm and signal systems and devices, electronic (except household smoke detectors), wholesale
• cathode ray picture tubes, wholesale
• citizens' band radios (CB), wholesale
• communication equipment, electronic, wholesale
• modems, wholesale
• navigational equipment and devices, electronic, wholesale
• public address systems and equipment, wholesale
• radar equipment, wholesale
• sonar equipment, wholesale
• telephone equipment and apparatus, wholesale
• transistors, wholesale
• transmitters, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling computer and related equipment (see 417310 Computer, computer peripheral and
pre-packaged software merchant wholesalers)
4179 Other machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling office, store, service industry,
professional and other machinery, equipment and supplies.
41791 Office and store machinery and equipment merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used office and store machinery
and equipment, furniture and fixtures
417910 Office and store machinery and equipment merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used office and store
machinery and equipment, furniture and fixtures.
Illustrative example(s)
• business or office machines, wholesale
• commercial cooling and refrigeration equipment and supplies, wholesale
• display cases and fixtures for store, wholesale
• furniture and fixtures for office and store, wholesale
• mail handling machines, wholesale
• office furniture, wholesale
• office machines and equipment (except electronic data processing equipment), wholesale
• vaults and safes, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling computers and other data processing machines (see 417310 Computer, computer peripheral
and pre-packaged software merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling stationery and office supplies (see 418210 Stationery and office supplies merchant
wholesalers)
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41792 Service establishment machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used service establishment
machinery and equipment.
417920 Service establishment machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used service
establishment machinery and equipment.
Illustrative example(s)
• beauty parlour equipment and supplies, wholesale
• dry cleaning plant machines and equipment, wholesale
• hotel and restaurant equipment and supplies, wholesale
• laundry machinery and equipment, wholesale
• motion picture studio and theatre equipment, wholesale
• service establishment machinery, equipment and supplies, wholesale
• theatre equipment and supplies (including projection equipment), wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling domestic washing machines and dryers (see 414220 Household appliance merchant
wholesalers)
• wholesaling supplies such as soaps and detergents (see 418410 Chemical (except agricultural) and allied
product merchant wholesalers)
41793 Professional machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used professional machinery
and equipment.
417930 Professional machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling new and used professional
machinery and equipment.
Illustrative example(s)
• architects' equipment and supplies, wholesale
• artist equipment and supplies, wholesale
• dental equipment and supplies, wholesale
• engineering instruments, equipment and supplies, wholesale
• hospital equipment and supplies, wholesale
• laboratory instruments and apparatus, wholesale
• optical goods (except cameras), wholesale
• physicians' equipment and supplies, wholesale
• school classroom equipment and supplies (except stationery), wholesale
• scientific instruments and apparatus, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling school textbooks (see 414420 Book, periodical and newspaper merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling pharmaceuticals and pharmacy supplies (see 414510 Pharmaceuticals and pharmacy
supplies merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling school stationery (see 418210 Stationery and office supplies merchant wholesalers)
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41799 All other machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling new
and used machinery, equipment and supplies; or a combination of goods classified to other industries in this
industry group, with none predominating. Wholesalers of aircraft and non-electronic aircraft equipment, fishing and
pleasure boats, playground and amusement park equipment, engines (except motor vehicle), and locomotives are
included.
417990 All other machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in wholesaling new and used machinery, equipment and supplies; or a combination of goods classified to other
industries in this industry group, with none predominating. Wholesalers of aircraft and non-electronic aircraft
equipment, fishing and pleasure boats, playground and amusement park equipment, engines (except motor
vehicle), and locomotives are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• aircraft, wholesale
• amusement park equipment, wholesale
• boats, pleasure (e.g., canoes, motorboats, sailboats), wholesale
• diesel engines and engine parts, industrial, wholesale
• equipment parts for railroads, aircraft, ships and boats, wholesale
• fire-fighting equipment, wholesale
• garage equipment, wholesale
• outboard motors, wholesale
• railroad equipment and supplies, wholesale
• service station equipment and supplies, wholesale
• ships, wholesale
• transportation machinery, equipment and supplies (except motor vehicles), wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling motor vehicles and parts (see 415 Motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts and accessories
merchant wholesalers)
418 Miscellaneous merchant wholesalers This subsector comprises establishments, not classified to any other subsector, primarily engaged in wholesaling
merchandise, such as recyclable materials, paper, paper products and disposable plastic products, agricultural
supplies, chemicals and allied products, logs and wood chips, minerals, ores and precious metals, and
second-hand goods (except machinery and automotive).
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling used automotive parts and accessories (see 415 Motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts and
accessories merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling used machinery (see 417 Machinery, equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers)
4181 Recyclable material merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling recyclable metals, paper and
paperboard, and other recyclable materials.
Exclusion(s)
• operating facilities in which recyclable materials are removed from waste, or mixed recyclable materials
are sorted into distinct categories and prepared for shipment (see 562920 Material recovery facilities)
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41811 Recyclable metal merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying, breaking up, sorting and selling ferrous and
non-ferrous scrap metal, including automobiles for scrap.
418110 Recyclable metal merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying, breaking up, sorting and selling
ferrous and non-ferrous scrap metal, including automobiles for scrap.
Illustrative example(s)
• dismantling and salvaging of motor vehicles and other machinery for scrap
• marine wrecking, ships for scrap, wholesale
• non-ferrous metal scrap, wholesale
• ship dismantling (except at floating drydocks and shipyards), merchant wholesalers
41812 Recyclable paper and paperboard merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying, breaking up, sorting and selling used
newspaper, paperboard and other papers.
418120 Recyclable paper and paperboard merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying, breaking up, sorting and selling
used newspaper, paperboard and other papers.
41819 Other recyclable material merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in buying, breaking
up, sorting, grinding, shredding and selling recyclable materials, such as plastic, glass, textiles, liquids and sludges.
418190 Other recyclable material merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in buying, breaking up, sorting, grinding, shredding and selling recyclable materials, such as plastic, glass, textiles,
liquids and sludges.
Illustrative example(s)
• glass scrap, wholesale
• rags, paper, rubber and bottles (scrap), wholesale
• recyclable empty bottles, merchant wholesalers
• recyclable materials (e.g., glass, oils, textiles), wholesale
• rubber scrap and scrap tires, merchant wholesalers
Exclusion(s)
• manufacturing intermediate or finished products from recycled materials (see 31-33 Manufacturing)
• compounding plastics resins from recycled plastic products (see 325991 Custom compounding of
purchased resins)
4182 Paper, paper product and disposable plastic product merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling newsprint, stationery and office
supplies, other paper and paper products, and disposable plastic products.
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Exclusion(s)
• buying, breaking up, sorting and selling recycled newspaper, paperboard and other papers (see 418120
Recyclable paper and paperboard merchant wholesalers)
41821 Stationery and office supplies merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling stationery and office supplies.
418210 Stationery and office supplies merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling stationery and office supplies.
Illustrative example(s)
• envelopes, paper, wholesale
• greeting cards, wholesale
• manifold business forms, wholesale
• marking devices, pens and pencils, wholesale
• office supplies (except furniture, machines), wholesale
• stationery and stationery supplies, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling office furniture (see 417910 Office and store machinery and equipment merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling school classroom equipment and supplies (see 417930 Professional machinery, equipment
and supplies merchant wholesalers)
41822 Other paper and disposable plastic product merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling paper and disposable household
products, such as facial tissues and toilet paper, waxed paper, paper towels and napkins, plastic wrap, disposable
cups, plates, cutlery, food trays and containers of plastic and other paper and disposable plastic products; or a
combination of products classified to other industries in this industry group, with none predominating.
418220 Other paper and disposable plastic product merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling paper and disposable
household products, such as facial tissues and toilet paper, waxed paper, paper towels and napkins, plastic wrap,
disposable cups, plates, cutlery, food trays and containers of plastic and other paper and disposable plastic
products; or a combination of products classified to other industries in this industry group, with none predominating.
Illustrative example(s)
• bags, paper and disposable plastics, wholesale
• boxes, paperboard and disposable plastics, wholesale
• eating utensils, forks, knives, spoons - disposable plastics, wholesale
• newsprint, wholesale
• paper cups, dishes, napkins, towels and patterns, wholesale
• paperboard and products (except office supplies), wholesale
• shipping supplies, paper and disposable plastics (e.g., cartons, gummed tapes), wholesale
• tissue paper, toilet and facial, wholesale
4183 Agricultural supplies merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling agricultural feeds, seeds and
processed seeds, agricultural chemicals and other farm supplies.
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41831 Agricultural feed merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling animal feed. Wholesalers of pet food are
also included.
418310 Agricultural feed merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling animal feed. Wholesalers of pet
food are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• alfalfa, wholesale
• feed grains, wholesale
• hay and fodder, wholesale
• pet food, wholesale
• vegetable cake and meal, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling seed grain (see 418320 Seed merchant wholesalers)
41832 Seed merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling seeds for field crops, flowers and plants,
garden seeds and grass seeds.
418320 Seed merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling seeds for field crops, flowers
and plants, garden seeds and grass seeds.
Illustrative example(s)
• farm field crop seeds, wholesale
• flower and field bulbs, wholesale
• flower, garden and vegetable seeds, bulk and packaged, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• cleaning grain or seeds for the grower (see 115110 Support activities for crop production)
41839 Agricultural chemical and other farm supplies merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling
agricultural chemicals, such as fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides and farm supplies; or a combination of goods
classified to other industries in this industry group, with none predominating.
418390 Agricultural chemical and other farm supplies merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in wholesaling agricultural chemicals, such as fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides and farm supplies; or a combination
of goods classified to other industries in this industry group, with none predominating.
Illustrative example(s)
• agricultural chemical dusts and sprays, wholesale
• chemical fertilizers, wholesale
• herbicides, wholesale
• insecticides, wholesale
• lawn care chemical products, wholesale
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• orchard care chemicals, wholesale
• sterilizing compounds and disinfectants, agricultural, wholesale
4184 Chemical (except agricultural) and allied product merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling industrial and household chemicals,
cleaning compounds and preparations, plastics resins, plastic basic forms and shapes, and industrial gases.
41841 Chemical (except agricultural) and allied product merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling industrial and household chemicals,
cleaning compounds and preparations, plastics resins, plastic basic forms and shapes, and industrial gases.
418410 Chemical (except agricultural) and allied product merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling industrial and household
chemicals, cleaning compounds and preparations, plastics resins, plastic basic forms and shapes, and industrial
gases.
Illustrative example(s)
• alcohol, industrial, wholesale
• bleaching compounds, wholesale
• chemicals, industrial, heavy and household, wholesale
• dry ice, wholesale
• explosives, all kinds (except ammunition and fireworks), wholesale
• industrial gases, wholesale
• organic chemicals, synthetic, wholesale
• polishes (e.g., furniture, automobile, metal, shoe), wholesale
• resins, plastics, wholesale
• resins, synthetic (except rubber), wholesale
• turpentine and resin, chemicals, wholesale
• wood treating preparations, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling refined petroleum products (see 412110 Petroleum and petroleum products merchant
wholesalers)
• wholesaling fireworks (see 414460 Toy and hobby goods merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling ammunition (see 414470 Amusement and sporting goods merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling agricultural chemicals (see 418390 Agricultural chemical and other farm supplies merchant
wholesalers)
4189 Other miscellaneous merchant wholesalers This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
wholesaling logs, wood chips, minerals, ores and concentrates, precious metals, second-hand goods and other
products.
41891 Log and wood chip merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling logs and bolts, wood chips and other
unprocessed forest products.
418910 Log and wood chip merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling logs and bolts, wood chips and
other unprocessed forest products.
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Illustrative example(s)
• logs and bolts, wholesale
• posts, logs, hewn ties and poles, wholesale
• pulpwood, wholesale
• roundwood, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• wholesaling fuel wood (see 418990 All other merchant wholesalers)
41892 Mineral, ore and precious metal merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling minerals, ores and concentrates, precious
metals and unfinished precious stones.
418920 Mineral, ore and precious metal merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling minerals, ores and
concentrates, precious metals and unfinished precious stones.
Illustrative example(s)
• gold ore, wholesale
• metal concentrates and ores (ferrous), wholesale
• precious metals and alloys, primary forms and basic shapes, wholesale
41893 Second-hand goods (except machinery and automotive) merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling second-hand goods, except machinery
and automotive.
418930 Second-hand goods (except machinery and automotive) merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling second-hand goods.
41899 All other merchant wholesalers This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in wholesaling a
single line of products; and establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling a diversified line of merchandise,
where no line is sufficiently important to constitute a primary activity.
418990 All other merchant wholesalers This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in wholesaling a single line of products; and establishments primarily engaged in wholesaling a diversified line of
merchandise, where no line is sufficiently important to constitute a primary activity.
Illustrative example(s)
• awnings, tents and sails, wholesale
• fuel, coal and coke, wholesale
• leather goods (except footwear), wholesale
• mobile homes, wholesale
• monuments and grave markers, wholesale
• musical instruments, accessories and supplies, wholesale
• oils and greases, animal or vegetable, wholesale
• pet supplies (except pet food), wholesale
• rope, binder twine and string, wholesale
• wood pulp, wholesale
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419 Business-to-business electronic markets, and agents and brokers This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying and/or selling products, owned by others,
and generally receiving a fee or a commission for the service. These establishments may be known as
business-to-business electronic markets, commission merchants, import agents or brokers, export agents or
brokers, manufacturers' agents, purchasing agents, selling agents, and they may deal in any type of product. These
establishments bring together sellers and buyers or undertake commercial transactions on behalf of a principal,
without taking title of the goods bought or sold.
Exclusion(s)
• bringing together buyers and sellers of goods using the Internet in a business-to-consumer or
consumer-to-consumer environment (see 45411 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses)
• operating as shipping agents (see 48851 Freight transportation arrangement)
• trading commodities and commodity futures, which are usually listed on a commodity exchange (see 5231
Securities and commodity contracts intermediation and brokerage)
• buying and selling insurance, on a commission basis (see 524210 Insurance agencies and brokerages)
• buying and selling real estate, on a commission basis (see 53121 Offices of real estate agents and
brokers)
• buying and selling goods on own account using a combination of electronic and traditional methods
(classified according to the merchandise line or lines sold by the merchant wholesaler-distributor)
4191 Business-to-business electronic markets, and agents and brokers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying and/or selling products, owned by
others, and generally receiving a fee or a commission for the service. These establishments may be known as
business-to-business electronic markets, commission merchants, import agents or brokers, export agents or
brokers, manufacturers' agents, purchasing agents, selling agents, and they may deal in any type of product. These
establishments bring together sellers and buyers or undertake commercial transactions on behalf of a principal,
without taking title of the goods bought or sold.
41911 Business-to-business electronic markets This industry comprises business-to-business wholesale electronic markets bringing together buyers and sellers of
goods using the Internet or other electronic means and generally receiving a commission or fee for the service.
Business-to-business wholesale electronic markets facilitate wholesale transactions without taking title of the goods
bought or sold. Establishments primarily engaged in facilitating business-to-business sales of new and used
merchandise on an auction basis using the Internet are also included.
419110 Business-to-business electronic markets This Canadian industry comprises business-to-business wholesale electronic markets bringing together buyers and
sellers of goods using the Internet or other electronic means and generally receiving a commission or fee for the
service. Business-to-business wholesale electronic markets facilitate wholesale transactions without taking title of
the goods bought or sold. Establishments primarily engaged in facilitating business-to-business sales of new and
used merchandise on an auction basis using the Internet are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• nursery stock and plants, business-to-business (B2B) electronic markets, wholesale
• petroleum products, business-to-business (B2B) electronic markets, wholesale
• poultry and eggs, business-to-business (B2B) electronic markets, wholesale
Exclusion(s)
• bringing together buyers and sellers of goods using the Internet in a business-to-consumer or
consumer-to-consumer environment (see 45411 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses)
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• acting as merchant wholesalers and bringing together buyers and sellers of goods using the Internet or a
combination of electronic and traditional methods (classified according to the merchandise line or lines
sold by the merchant wholesaler-distributor)
41912 Wholesale trade agents and brokers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying and/or selling products, owned by others, on a
commission basis. These establishments may be known as commission merchants, import agents or brokers,
export agents or brokers, manufacturers' agents, purchasing agents, selling agents, and they may deal in any type
of product. These establishments usually bring sellers and buyers together or undertake commercial transactions
on behalf of a principal, without taking title of the goods bought or sold.
419120 Wholesale trade agents and brokers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying and/or selling products, owned by
others, on a commission basis. These establishments may be known as commission merchants, import agents or
brokers, export agents or brokers, manufacturers' agents, purchasing agents, selling agents, and they may deal in
any type of product. These establishments usually bring sellers and buyers together or undertake commercial
transactions on behalf of a principal, without taking title of the goods bought or sold.
Illustrative example(s)
• import-export agents and brokers, wholesale trade
• petroleum brokers, wholesale
• purchasing agents, wholesale trade
Exclusion(s)
• acting as agents and brokers and wholesaling products, owned by others, using the Internet or other
electronic means (see 419110 Business-to-business electronic markets)
• shipping agents (see 48851 Freight transportation arrangement)
• trading commodities and commodity futures, which are usually listed on a commodity exchange (see 5231
Securities and commodity contracts intermediation and brokerage)
• buying and selling insurance, on a commission basis (see 524210 Insurance agencies and brokerages)
• buying and selling real estate for others, on a fee or commission basis (see 53121 Offices of real estate
agents and brokers)
• wholesaling merchandise on own account, merchant wholesaler-distributors (classified according to the
merchandise line or lines sold by the merchant wholesaler-distributor)
44-45 Retail trade
This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing merchandise, generally without transformation,
and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise.
The retailing process is the final step in the distribution of merchandise; retailers are therefore organized to sell
merchandise in small quantities to the general public. This sector comprises two main types of retailers, store and
non-store retailers. Their main characteristics are described below.
Store retailers
Store retailers operate fixed point-of-sale locations, located and designed to attract a high volume of walk-in
customers. In general, retail stores have extensive displays of merchandise and use mass-media advertising to
attract customers. They typically sell merchandise to the general public for personal or household consumption, but
some also serve businesses and institutions. These include establishments such as office supplies stores,
computer and software stores, gasoline stations, building material dealers, plumbing supplies stores and electrical
supplies stores.
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In addition to selling merchandise, some types of store retailers are also engaged in the provision of after-sales
services, such as repair and installation. For example, new automobile dealers, electronic and appliance stores and
musical instrument and supplies stores often provide repair services, while floor covering stores and window
treatment stores often provide installation services. As a general rule, establishments engaged in retailing
merchandise and providing after sales services are classified in this sector.
Catalogue sales showrooms, gasoline service stations, and mobile home dealers are treated as store retailers.
Non-store retailers
Non-store retailers, like store retailers, are organized to serve the general public, but their retailing methods differ.
They reach customers and market merchandise with methods such as, the broadcasting of infomercials, the
broadcasting and publishing of direct-response advertising, the publishing of traditional and electronic catalogues,
door-to-door solicitation, in-home demonstration, temporary displaying of merchandise (stalls) and distribution by
vending machines.
The methods of transaction and delivery of merchandise vary by type of non-store retailers. For example, non-store
retailers that reach their customers using information technologies can receive payment at the time of purchase or
at the time of delivery, and the delivery of the merchandise may be done by the retailer or by a third party, such as
the post office or a courier. In contrast, non-store retailers that reach their customers by door-to-door solicitation,
in-home demonstration, temporary displaying of merchandise (stalls) and vending machines typically receive
payment and deliver the merchandise to the customer at the time of the purchase.
Non-store retailers also include establishments engaged in the home delivery of products such as home heating oil
dealers and newspaper delivery companies.
441 Motor vehicle and parts dealers This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing motor vehicles and providing
complementary services, and retailing motor vehicle parts and accessories. The establishments of this subsector
are generally specialized in the retailing of particular types of vehicles or in the retailing of particular types of parts
and accessories.
Exclusion(s)
• heavy-duty truck sales (see 41 Wholesale trade)
4411 Automobile dealers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and used automobiles, sport utility
vehicles, and light-duty trucks and vans, including mini-vans.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing recreational vehicles (RV), watercraft, motorcycles and snowmobiles (see 4412 Other motor
vehicle dealers)
44111 New car dealers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new automobiles, sport utility vehicles, and
light-duty trucks and vans, including mini-vans, to final consumers or to automobile lessors. These establishments
also typically retail used cars, replacement parts and accessories, and provide repair services.
441110 New car dealers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new automobiles, sport utility
vehicles, and light-duty trucks and vans, including mini-vans, to final consumers or to automobile lessors. These
establishments also typically retail used cars, replacement parts and accessories, and provide repair services.
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Exclusion(s)
• retailing used cars (see 441120 Used car dealers)
• providing automotive repair services, without retailing motor vehicles (see 8111 Automotive repair and
maintenance)
44112 Used car dealers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing used automobiles, sport utility vehicles, and
light-duty trucks and vans, including mini-vans.
441120 Used car dealers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing used automobiles, sport utility
vehicles, and light-duty trucks and vans, including mini-vans.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing new automobiles, sport utility vehicles, and light-duty trucks and vans, including mini-vans (see
441110 New car dealers)
• providing automotive repair services, without retailing motor vehicles (see 8111 Automotive repair and
maintenance)
4412 Other motor vehicle dealers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and used vehicles, except
automobiles, sport utility vehicles, and light-duty trucks and vans, including mini-vans. Establishments engaged in
the retailing of motor homes, recreational trailers, campers, motorcycles, recreational watercraft, snowmobiles,
off-road all-terrain vehicles, utility trailers and aircraft are included.
44121 Recreational vehicle dealers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and used recreational vehicles (RVs),
such as motor homes, recreational trailers and campers. These establishments also typically retail replacement
parts and accessories, and provide repair services.
441210 Recreational vehicle dealers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and used recreational vehicles
(RVs), such as motor homes, recreational trailers and campers. These establishments also typically retail
replacement parts and accessories, and provide repair services.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing utility trailers (see 441220 Motorcycle, boat and other motor vehicle dealers)
• retailing new and used manufactured (mobile) homes (see 453930 Mobile home dealers)
44122 Motorcycle, boat and other motor vehicle dealers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and used motorcycles, watercraft and
other vehicles, such as snowmobiles, off-road all-terrain vehicles, utility trailers, and aircraft. These establishments
also typically retail replacement parts and accessories, and provide repair services.
441220 Motorcycle, boat and other motor vehicle dealers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and used motorcycles,
watercraft and other vehicles, such as snowmobiles, off-road all-terrain vehicles, utility trailers, and aircraft. These
establishments also typically retail replacement parts and accessories, and provide repair services.
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Illustrative example(s)
• boat dealers, retail
• golf carts, powered, retail
• marine supply dealers, retail
• motor bicycles, retail
• outboard motor dealers, retail
4413 Automotive parts, accessories and tire stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing automotive parts and accessories.
44131 Automotive parts and accessories stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new, rebuilt and used automotive parts and
accessories; both retailing automotive parts and accessories and repairing automobiles; and retailing automotive
accessories that generally require installation.
441310 Automotive parts and accessories stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new, rebuilt and used automotive
parts and accessories; both retailing automotive parts and accessories and repairing automobiles; and retailing
automotive accessories that generally require installation.
Exclusion(s)
• selling used auto parts from a non-retail location, commonly known as automobile recyclers (see 415310
Used motor vehicle parts and accessories merchant wholesalers)
• retailing tire (see 441320 Tire dealers)
• repairing and replacing automotive parts, such as transmissions, mufflers, brake linings and glass (see
81111 Automotive mechanical and electrical repair and maintenance)
44132 Tire dealers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing tires and tubes. These establishments also
typically provide complementary services, such as tire mounting and wheel balancing and aligning.
441320 Tire dealers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing tires and tubes. These
establishments also typically provide complementary services, such as tire mounting and wheel balancing and
aligning.
442 Furniture and home furnishings stores This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new furniture and home furnishings. These
establishments usually operate from showrooms and many offer interior decorating services in addition to the sale
of products.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing used furniture and home furnishings (see 453310 Used merchandise stores)
• retailing furniture and home furnishings by means of electronic shopping, mail-order or direct sale (see 454
Non-store retailers)
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4421 Furniture stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new household and office furniture.
These establishments may also retail major appliances, home electronics, home furnishings and floor coverings,
and may provide interior decorating services.
44211 Furniture stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new household and office furniture. These
establishments may also retail major appliances, home electronics, home furnishings and floor coverings, and may
provide interior decorating services.
442110 Furniture stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new household and office furniture.
These establishments may also retail major appliances, home electronics, home furnishings and floor coverings,
and may provide interior decorating services.
Illustrative example(s)
• household furniture and appliances, retail
• mattress stores (including custom made), retail
• office furniture stores
• outdoor furniture, household, retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing custom furniture made on the premises (see 337 Furniture and related product manufacturing)
• retailing a combination of office supplies, equipment and furniture (see 453210 Office supplies and
stationery stores)
• retailing used household furniture (see 453310 Used merchandise stores)
4422 Home furnishings stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing home furnishings, such as floor
coverings, window treatments, kitchen and tableware, bedding and linens, lamps and shades, bathroom
accessories, and print and picture frames.
44221 Floor covering stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new floor coverings, such as rugs and
carpets, vinyl floor coverings, wood floor coverings, and floor tiles, except ceramic. These establishments also
typically provide installation and repair services.
442210 Floor covering stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new floor coverings, such as rugs
and carpets, vinyl floor coverings, wood floor coverings, and floor tiles, except ceramic. These establishments also
typically provide installation and repair services.
Illustrative example(s)
• asphalt flooring, installation combined with selling
• floor covering stores selling primarily to other businesses but also selling to household consumers
• floor tile and sheets, installation combined with selling
• hardwood flooring, installation combined with selling
• linoleum, installation combined with selling
• resilient floor tiles or sheets (e.g., linoleum, rubber, vinyl), installation combined with selling
• wood flooring, installation combined with selling
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Exclusion(s)
• installing floor coverings, but not retailing (see 238330 Flooring contractors, or 238340, Tile and terrazzo
contractors)
• retailing ceramic tiles only or hardwood flooring only (see 444190 Other building material dealers)
44229 Other home furnishings stores This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in retailing new
home furnishings, such as window treatments, kitchen and tableware, bedding and linens, brooms and brushes,
lamps and shades, and prints and picture frames.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing new furniture (see 442110 Furniture stores)
• retailing floor coverings (see 442210 Floor covering stores)
• providing interior decorating services, but not retailing home furnishings (see 541410 Interior design
services)
442291 Window treatment stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing ready-made and custom draperies,
blinds and shades.
Illustrative example(s)
• vertical blinds, retail
• window treatment stores (e.g., curtains, draperies), retail
442292 Print and picture frame stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing posters, prints and ready-made
frames, and in custom framing, mounting and laminating. These establishments may also retail a limited number of
original works of art.
Illustrative example(s)
• custom framing, mounting, and laminating pictures, retail store
• picture frames, retail
• posters and prints, retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing original and limited edition art works, including Aboriginal art (see 453920 Art dealers)
442298 All other home furnishings stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in retailing new home furnishings.
Illustrative example(s)
• bedding (e.g., sheets, blankets, spreads, cushions, pillows), retail
• china and glassware stores, retail
• fireplace stores, retail
• houseware stores, retail
• lamps and lighting fixtures, electric, retail
• linen shops, retail
• pottery stores, retail
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443 Electronics and appliance stores This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing household appliances, home audio and
video equipment, audio and video recordings, cameras, computers and related goods. These establishments may
also retail replacement parts and provide repair services.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing used household appliances, home audio and video equipment, cameras, computers and related
goods (see 453310 Used merchandise stores)
• retailing household appliances, home audio and video equipment, cameras, computers and related goods
by means of electronic shopping, mail-order or direct sale (see 454 Non-store retailers)
4431 Electronics and appliance stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing household appliances, home audio and
video equipment, audio and video recordings, cameras, computers, and related goods. These establishments may
also retail replacement parts and provide repair services.
44314 Electronics and appliance stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing household appliances, home audio and video
equipment, audio and video recordings, cameras, computers and related goods. These establishments may also
retail replacement parts and provide repair services.
443143 Appliance, television and other electronics stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new household appliances, home
audio and video equipment, and other electronic products. These establishments may also retail used electronics
and appliances, provide repair services, and retail computers and computer software.
Illustrative example(s)
• garbage disposers, electric, retail
• refrigerators and stoves and related electric and gas appliances, retail
• telephone stores, retail
• television, radio, stereo and appliances stores
• vacuum cleaner stores, retail
• video camera stores, retail
• video recorders, retail
Exclusion(s)
• computer, computer peripheral equipment and software retailing (see 443144 Computer and software
stores)
• electronic toy retailing (see 451120 Hobby, toy and game stores)
• retailing used household appliances (see 453310 Used merchandise stores)
• installation of home security without monitoring (see 561621 Security systems services (except
locksmiths))
• repairing televisions or other electronic products (see 811210 Electronic and precision equipment repair
and maintenance)
• repairing household appliances (see 811412 Appliance repair and maintenance)
443144 Computer and software stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new computers, computer
peripherals, pre-packaged software, game software and related products. These establishments may also retail
used computer equipment and replacement parts and accessories, and provide repair services.
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Illustrative example(s)
• computer equipment and supplies stores, retail
• computer hardware and software, retail
• computer software games stores
• peripheral equipment, computer stores
• personal computers sales and service
Exclusion(s)
• retailing electronic toys, such as television (TV) games and hand-held games (see 451120 Hobby, toy and
game stores)
• retailing used computers and software (see 453310 Used merchandise stores)
• repairing computers (see 811210 Electronic and precision equipment repair and maintenance)
443145 Camera and photographic supplies stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new cameras, photographic
equipment and photographic supplies. These establishments may also retail used cameras and photographic
equipment, and replacement parts and accessories, and provide repair and film developing services.
Illustrative example(s)
• camera shops, photographic, retail
• film and photographic supplies, retail
• photographic camera parts and accessories, retail
• photographic equipment, retail
• photographic film and plates (unexposed), retail
Exclusion(s)
• repairing photographic equipment (see 811210 Electronic and precision equipment repair and
maintenance)
• commercially developing film and photographic prints; one-hour film developing (see 81292 Photo finishing
services)
443146 Audio and video recordings stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new audio and video recordings in
any format or medium.
Illustrative example(s)
• discs, music and video, retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing computer software (see 443144 Computer and software stores)
• retailing pre-recorded tapes, compact discs and records by mail-order (see 454110 Electronic shopping
and mail-order houses)
444 Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a specialized or general line of building and
home improvement materials, lawn and garden equipment and supplies, outdoor power equipment, and nursery
and garden products.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing used building and home improvement materials, and lawn, garden and outdoor power equipment
(see 453310 Used merchandise stores)
• retailing building and home improvement materials, and lawn, garden and outdoor power equipment by
means of electronic shopping, mail-order or direct sale (see 454 Non-store retailers)
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4441 Building material and supplies dealers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing building materials, hardware, paint,
wallpaper and related supplies.
44411 Home centres This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of home repair and
improvement materials and supplies, such as lumber, doors and windows, plumbing goods, electrical goods, floor
coverings, tools, houseware, hardware, paint and wallpaper, and lawn and garden equipment and supplies. The
merchandise lines are normally arranged in separate sections. These establishments may provide installation and
repair services for the merchandise they retail.
444110 Home centres This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of home repair and
improvement materials and supplies, such as lumber, doors and windows, plumbing goods, electrical goods, floor
coverings, tools, houseware, hardware, paint and wallpaper, and lawn and garden equipment and supplies. The
merchandise lines are normally arranged in separate sections. These establishments may provide installation and
repair services for the merchandise they retail.
44412 Paint and wallpaper stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing paint, wallpaper and related supplies.
444120 Paint and wallpaper stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing paint, wallpaper and related
supplies.
44413 Hardware stores This industry comprises establishments, known as hardware stores, primarily engaged in retailing a general line of
basic hardware items, such as tools and builders' hardware. These establishments may sell additional product
lines, such as paint, houseware and garden supplies, that are not normally arranged in separate departments.
444130 Hardware stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as hardware stores, primarily engaged in retailing a
general line of basic hardware items, such as tools and builders' hardware. These establishments may sell
additional product lines, such as paint, houseware and garden supplies, that are not normally arranged in separate
departments.
44419 Other building material dealers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of building materials. These
establishments may provide installation services in addition to retailing.
444190 Other building material dealers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of building
materials. These establishments may provide installation services in addition to retailing.
Illustrative example(s)
• brick and tile dealers, retail
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
cabinets, kitchen (to be installed), retail
electrical supplies, retail
fencing dealers, retail
glass stores, retail
lumber and planing mill product dealers, retail
plumbing supplies, retail
prefabricated house and building dealers, retail
retailers of ceramic floor and wall tiles
roofing material dealers, retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing a general line of home repair and improvement materials and supplies (see 444110 Home
centres)
• retailing paint and wallpaper (see 444120 Paint and wallpaper stores)
• retailing a general line of hardware items (see 444130 Hardware stores)
4442 Lawn and garden equipment and supplies stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing lawn and garden equipment and
supplies.
44421 Outdoor power equipment stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing outdoor power equipment. These
establishments also retail replacement parts and may provide repair services.
444210 Outdoor power equipment stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing outdoor power equipment. These
establishments also retail replacement parts and may provide repair services.
Illustrative example(s)
• generators, electric, portable, retail
• outdoor power equipment (e.g., garden and lawn tractors, snowblowers, lawn mowers, blowers, hedge
trimmers), retail
Exclusion(s)
• repairing outdoor power equipment (see 811411 Home and garden equipment repair and maintenance)
44422 Nursery stores and garden centres This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing nursery and garden products, such as trees,
shrubs, plants, seeds, bulbs and sod, that are predominantly grown elsewhere. These establishments may provide
landscaping services.
444220 Nursery stores and garden centres This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing nursery and garden products, such
as trees, shrubs, plants, seeds, bulbs and sod, that are predominantly grown elsewhere. These establishments may
provide landscaping services.
Illustrative example(s)
• bedding plants, retail
• garden centre, retail, flowers and plants
• lawn and garden ornaments and supplies, retail
• nursery stock, seeds and bulbs, retail
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• sod, retail
Exclusion(s)
• growing and retailing nursery stock (see 11142 Nursery and floriculture production)
• wholesaling new or used farm, lawn and garden machinery, equipment and parts (see 417110 Farm, lawn
and garden machinery and equipment merchant wholesalers)
• providing landscaping services (see 561730 Landscaping services)
445 Food and beverage stores This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general or specialized line of food or
beverage products.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing a general or specialized line of food or beverage products by means of electronic shopping,
mail-order or direct sale (see 454 Non-store retailers)
4451 Grocery stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of food products.
44511 Supermarkets and other grocery (except convenience) stores This industry comprises establishments, known as supermarkets and grocery stores, primarily engaged in retailing
a general line of food, such as canned, dry and frozen foods; fresh fruits and vegetables; fresh and prepared meats,
fish, poultry, dairy products, baked products and snack foods. These establishments also typically retail a range of
non-food household products, such as household paper products, toiletries and non-prescription drugs.
445110 Supermarkets and other grocery (except convenience) stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as supermarkets and grocery stores, primarily engaged
in retailing a general line of food, such as canned, dry and frozen foods; fresh fruits and vegetables; fresh and
prepared meats, fish, poultry, dairy products, baked products and snack foods. These establishments also typically
retail a range of non-food household products, such as household paper products, toiletries and non-prescription
drugs.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing a limited line of food and convenience items (see 445120 Convenience stores)
• retailing prescription drugs in a supermarket, on a concession basis (see 446110 Pharmacies and drug
stores)
• retailing a general line of food products as well as a general line of non-food products (see 452910
Warehouse clubs)
44512 Convenience stores This industry comprises establishments, known as convenience stores, primarily engaged in retailing a limited line
of convenience items that generally includes milk, bread, soft drinks, snacks, tobacco products, newspapers and
magazines. These establishments may retail a limited line of canned goods, dairy products, household paper and
cleaning products, as well as alcoholic beverages, and provide related services, such as lottery ticket sales and
video rental.
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445120 Convenience stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as convenience stores, primarily engaged in retailing a
limited line of convenience items that generally includes milk, bread, soft drinks, snacks, tobacco products,
newspapers and magazines. These establishments may retail a limited line of canned goods, dairy products,
household paper and cleaning products, as well as alcoholic beverages, and provide related services, such as
lottery ticket sales and video rental.
Exclusion(s)
• convenience stores that sell gasoline (see 447110 Gasoline stations with convenience stores)
4452 Specialty food stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of food products.
44521 Meat markets This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fresh, frozen, or cured meats and poultry.
Delicatessens primarily engaged in retailing fresh meat are included.
445210 Meat markets This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fresh, frozen, or cured meats and
poultry. Delicatessens primarily engaged in retailing fresh meat are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• butcher shops or meat markets, retail
• freezer provisioners (meat only), retail store
• poultry and egg dealers, retail
44522 Fish and seafood markets This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fresh, frozen, or cured fish and seafood
products.
445220 Fish and seafood markets This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fresh, frozen, or cured fish and
seafood products.
44523 Fruit and vegetable markets This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fresh fruits and vegetables.
445230 Fruit and vegetable markets This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fresh fruits and vegetables.
Exclusion(s)
• growing crops and selling them at roadside stands is classified by the type of crop grown and sold (see
111 Crop production)
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44529 Other specialty food stores This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in retailing specialty
foods. Dairy product stores, baked goods stores, and candy, nut and confectionery stores are included.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing candy and confectionery products made on premises, not for immediate consumption (see 3113
Sugar and confectionery product manufacturing)
• retailing goods baked on the premises, not for immediate consumption (see 311811 Retail bakeries)
• retailing baked goods for immediate consumption (e.g., donut and bagel shops) (see 722512
Limited-service eating places)
445291 Baked goods stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing baked goods not baked on the
premises, and not for immediate consumption.
Illustrative example(s)
• baked goods stores or stands (e.g., bagel, cake, pastry, cookie, bread, pretzel), without baking on the
premises, retail
• bakeries without baking on the premises, retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing goods baked on premises, not for immediate consumption (see 311811 Retail bakeries)
• retailing baked goods for immediate consumption whether or not baked on the premises (see 722512
Limited-service eating places)
445292 Confectionery and nut stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing candy and other confections, nuts
and popcorn.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing confectionery goods and nuts made on premises, not for immediate consumption (see 3113 Sugar
and confectionery product manufacturing)
445299 All other specialty food stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in retailing specialty foods.
Illustrative example(s)
• beverages, soft drink, retail
• cheese stores, retail
• coffee stores, retail
• dietary foods, retail
• honey, retail
• ice cream (i.e., packaged) stores, retail
• milk and other dairy products specialty stores
• spice and herb stores, retail
Exclusion(s)
• preparing and serving snack items for immediate consumption (see 722512 Limited-service eating places)
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4453 Beer, wine and liquor stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing packaged alcoholic beverages, such as
beer, wine and liquor.
44531 Beer, wine and liquor stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing packaged alcoholic beverages, such as beer,
wine and liquor.
445310 Beer, wine and liquor stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing packaged alcoholic beverages,
such as beer, wine and liquor.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing convenience items as well as alcoholic beverages (see 445120 Convenience stores)
• retailing beer and wine-making supplies (see 453992 Beer and wine-making supplies stores)
• providing prepared drinks for immediate consumption on the premises (see 722410 Drinking places
(alcoholic beverages))
446 Health and personal care stores This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing health and personal care products. Drug
stores and pharmacies, cosmetics, beauty supplies and perfume stores, optical goods stores, food (health)
supplement stores and health appliance stores are included.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing health and personal care products by means of electronic shopping, mail-order or direct sale (see
454 Non-store retailers)
4461 Health and personal care stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing health and personal care products.
Drug stores and pharmacies, cosmetics, beauty supplies and perfume stores, optical goods stores, food (health)
supplement stores and health appliance stores are included.
44611 Pharmacies and drug stores This industry comprises establishments, known as pharmacies and drug stores, primarily engaged in retailing
prescription or non-prescription drugs and medicines. These establishments also typically retail snacks, cosmetics,
personal hygiene products, greeting cards and stationery, and health aids, and may also retail confectionery,
tobacco products, novelties and giftware, and cameras and photographic supplies.
446110 Pharmacies and drug stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as pharmacies and drug stores, primarily engaged in
retailing prescription or non-prescription drugs and medicines. These establishments also typically retail snacks,
cosmetics, personal hygiene products, greeting cards and stationery, and health aids, and may also retail
confectionery, tobacco products, novelties and giftware, and cameras and photographic supplies.
Illustrative example(s)
• patent and proprietary medicines, retail
• pharmacies and drug stores (i.e., apothecary, dispensary), retail
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Exclusion(s)
• retailing food supplement products, such as vitamins, nutrition supplements and body enhancing
supplements (see 446191 Food (health) supplement stores)
44612 Cosmetics, beauty supplies and perfume stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing cosmetics, perfumes, toiletries and personal
grooming products.
446120 Cosmetics, beauty supplies and perfume stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing cosmetics, perfumes, toiletries and
personal grooming products.
44613 Optical goods stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing and fitting prescription eyeglasses and
contact lenses. These establishments may or may not grind lenses to order on the premises. Establishments
primarily engaged in retailing non-prescription sunglasses are also included.
446130 Optical goods stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing and fitting prescription eyeglasses
and contact lenses. These establishments may or may not grind lenses to order on the premises. Establishments
primarily engaged in retailing non-prescription sunglasses are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• opticians, retail
• prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses made on premises, retail (including lens grinding on the
premises)
Exclusion(s)
• lens grinding without retailing (see 339110 Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing)
• operating a private or group practice of optometry (see 621320 Offices of optometrists)
44619 Other health and personal care stores This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in retailing health
and personal care items, such as vitamins, nutrition supplements, hearing aids, and medical equipment and
supplies.
446191 Food (health) supplement stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing food supplement products, such as
vitamins, nutrition supplements and body enhancing supplements. These establishments may also retail a limited
line of health food products.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing organic foods, such as fruits and vegetables, dairy products, and cereals and grains (see 445
Food and beverage stores)
• retailing prescription and non-prescription drugs (see 446110 Pharmacies and drug stores)
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446199 All other health and personal care stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in retailing specialized lines of health and personal care merchandise. These establishments may provide fitting
services in addition to retailing.
Illustrative example(s)
• health appliance stores
• hearing aids, retail
• orthopaedic aids, retail
• oxygen tent sales and medical gas supplying, retail store
Exclusion(s)
• retailing prescription or non-prescription drugs and medicines (see 446110 Pharmacies and drug stores)
• retailing food supplement products (see 446191 Food (health) supplement stores)
447 Gasoline stations This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing motor fuels, whether or not the gasoline
station is operated in conjunction with a convenience store, repair garage, restaurant or other type of operation.
Establishments that operate gasoline stations on behalf of their owners and receive a commission on the sale of
fuels are also included.
4471 Gasoline stations This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing motor fuels, whether or not the gasoline
station is operated in conjunction with a convenience store, repair garage, restaurant or other type of operation.
Establishments that operate gasoline stations on behalf of their owners and receive a commission on the sale of
fuels are also included.
44711 Gasoline stations with convenience stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing automotive fuels combined with the retail sale
of a limited line of merchandise, such as milk, bread, soft drinks and snacks in a convenience store setting.
Establishments that operate such establishments on behalf of their owners are also included.
447110 Gasoline stations with convenience stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing automotive fuels combined with the
retail sale of a limited line of merchandise, such as milk, bread, soft drinks and snacks in a convenience store
setting. Establishments that operate such establishments on behalf of their owners are also included.
44719 Other gasoline stations This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in retailing gasoline,
diesel fuel and automotive oils, whether or not the gasoline station is operated in conjunction with a repair garage,
restaurant or other type of operation. Establishments that operate such establishments on behalf of their owners are
also included.
447190 Other gasoline stations This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in retailing gasoline, diesel fuel and automotive oils, whether or not the gasoline station is operated in conjunction
with a repair garage, restaurant or other type of operation. Establishments that operate such establishments on
behalf of their owners are also included.
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Illustrative example(s)
• gasoline station operated in conjunction with a repair garage, or a restaurant
• marine service stations, retail
• self-serve gasoline stations
• service station (gasoline, lubricating oils and greases), retail
• truck stops
Exclusion(s)
• operating gasoline stations combined with convenience stores (see 447110 Gasoline stations with
convenience stores)
448 Clothing and clothing accessories stores This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing clothing and clothing accessories.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing used clothing and clothing accessories (see 453310 Used merchandise stores)
• retailing clothing and clothing accessories by means of electronic shopping, mail-order or direct sale (see
454 Non-store retailers)
4481 Clothing stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new, ready-to-wear clothing.
44811 Men's clothing stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new, men's and boys',
ready-to-wear clothing. These establishments may also provide alterations on the garments they sell.
448110 Men's clothing stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new, men's and
boys', ready-to-wear clothing. These establishments may also provide alterations on the garments they sell.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing men's custom clothing made on the premises (see 3152 Cut and sew clothing manufacturing)
• retailing ready-to-wear clothing for both genders and all age groups (see 448140 Family clothing stores)
• retailing men's and boys' clothing accessories (see 448150 Clothing accessories stores)
• retailing a specialized line of apparel, such as raincoats, leather coats, fur apparel and swimwear (see
44819 Other clothing stores)
44812 Women's clothing stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new, women's, ready-to-wear
clothing, including maternity wear.
448120 Women's clothing stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new, women's,
ready-to-wear clothing, including maternity wear.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing women's custom clothing made on the premises (see 3152 Cut and sew clothing manufacturing)
• retailing ready-to-wear clothing for both genders and all age groups (see 448140 Family clothing stores)
• retailing women's clothing accessories (see 448150 Clothing accessories stores)
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• retailing a specialized line of clothing, such as bridal gowns, raincoats, leather apparel, fur clothing and
swimwear (see 44819 Other clothing stores)
44813 Children's and infants' clothing stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new, children's and infants',
ready-to-wear clothing.
448130 Children's and infants' clothing stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new, children's
and infants', ready-to-wear clothing.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing ready-to-wear clothing for both genders and all age groups (see 448140 Family clothing stores)
• retailing children's and infants', clothing accessories (see 448150 Clothing accessories stores)
44814 Family clothing stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new, ready-to-wear clothing
for men, women and children, without specializing in sales for an individual gender or age group.
448140 Family clothing stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new,
ready-to-wear clothing for men, women and children, without specializing in sales for an individual gender or age
group.
Illustrative example(s)
• family clothing stores, retail
• jeans stores, retail
• unisex clothing stores, retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing new, men's and boys', ready-to-wear clothing (see 448110 Men's clothing stores)
• retailing new, women's, ready-to-wear clothing (see 448120 Women's clothing stores)
• retailing children's and infants', ready-to-wear clothing (see 448130 Children's and infants' clothing stores)
• retailing specialized clothing, such as raincoats, bridal gowns, leather apparel, fur clothing and swimwear
(see 44819 Other clothing stores)
44815 Clothing accessories stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a single or general line of new clothing
accessories.
448150 Clothing accessories stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a single or general line of new
clothing accessories.
Illustrative example(s)
• accessories in leather or other material (e.g., body belts, purses, bags, wallets, billfolds), retail
• hosiery stores, retail
• tie shops, retail
• umbrella stores, retail
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44819 Other clothing stores This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in retailing
specialized lines of new clothing.
448191 Fur stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing ready-to-wear or custom-made fur
apparel.
448199 All other clothing stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in retailing specialized lines of new clothing.
Illustrative example(s)
• athletic clothing (except uniforms), retail
• bridal shops (except custom dressmakers), retail
• dress shops, retail
• foundation garments, retail
• leather (including suede) clothing stores
• lingerie stores, retail
• swimwear stores, retail
• uniforms and work clothing, retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing custom clothing and accessories made on the premises (see 315 Clothing manufacturing)
• retailing maternity wear (see 448120 Women's clothing stores)
• retailing ready-to-wear clothing for both genders and all age groups (see 448140 Family clothing stores)
• retailing athletic uniforms (see 45111 Sporting goods stores)
4482 Shoe stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing all types of new footwear. These
establishments may also retail shoe-care products.
44821 Shoe stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing all types of new footwear. These
establishments may also retail shoe-care products.
448210 Shoe stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing all types of new footwear. These
establishments may also retail shoe-care products.
4483 Jewellery, luggage and leather goods stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing jewellery, luggage and leather goods,
and clothing accessories, such as hats, gloves, handbags, ties and belts.
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44831 Jewellery stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing jewellery, sterling and plated silverware, and
watches and clocks. These establishments may provide services such as cutting and mounting stones and
jewellery repair.
448310 Jewellery stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing jewellery, sterling and plated
silverware, and watches and clocks. These establishments may provide services such as cutting and mounting
stones and jewellery repair.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing costume jewellery (see 448150 Clothing accessories stores)
44832 Luggage and leather goods stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing luggage, briefcases, trunks and related
products, and establishments engaged in retailing a line of leather items.
448320 Luggage and leather goods stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing luggage, briefcases, trunks and
related products, and establishments engaged in retailing a line of leather items.
Illustrative example(s)
• luggage and leather goods stores (e.g., attaché cases, travelling cases, suitcases, storage or travel
trunks), retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing a single or general line of leather and non-leather clothing accessories (see 448150 Clothing
accessories stores)
• retailing leather coats and other leather clothing articles (see 448199 All other clothing stores)
451 Sporting goods, hobby, book and music stores This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing sporting goods, games and toys, sewing
supplies, fabrics, patterns, yarns and other needlework accessories, musical instruments, and books and other
reading materials.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing new audio and video recordings (see 443146 Audio and video recordings stores)
• retailing used sporting goods, hobby goods, books, musical instruments, and audio and video recordings
(see 453310 Used merchandise stores)
• retailing sporting goods, hobby goods, books, musical instruments, and audio and video recordings by
means of electronic shopping, mail-order or direct sale (see 454 Non-store retailers)
4511 Sporting goods, hobby and musical instrument stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new sporting goods, games and toys,
and musical instruments.
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45111 Sporting goods stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new sporting goods. These establishments
may also retail used sporting goods, and provide repair services.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing camper and camping trailer (see 441210 Recreational vehicle dealers)
• retailing snowmobile, motorized bicycle and motorized golf cart (see 441220 Motorcycle, boat and other
motor vehicle dealers)
• retailing athletic shoes (see 448210 Shoe stores)
• repairing or servicing sporting goods (see 811490 Other personal and household goods repair and
maintenance)
451111 Golf equipment and supplies specialty stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new golf equipment and supplies.
These establishments may also retail used golf equipment and supplies, and provide repair services.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing snowmobile, motorized bicycle and motorized golf cart (see 441220 Motorcycle, boat and other
motor vehicle dealers)
• retailing athletic shoe (see 448210 Shoe stores)
• repairing or servicing sporting goods (see 811490 Other personal and household goods repair and
maintenance)
451112 Ski equipment and supplies specialty stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new ski equipment and supplies.
These establishments may also retail used ski equipment and supplies, and provide repair services.
Exclusion(s)
• repairing or servicing sporting goods (see 811490 Other personal and household goods repair and
maintenance)
451113 Cycling equipment and supplies specialty stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new cycling equipment and
supplies. These establishments may also retail used cycling equipment and supplies, and provide repair services.
Illustrative example(s)
• bicycle and bicycle parts dealers (except motorized), retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing snowmobile, motorized bicycle and motorized golf cart (see 441220 Motorcycle, boat and other
motor vehicle dealers)
• retailing athletic shoes (see 448210 Shoe stores)
• repairing or servicing sporting goods (see 811490 Other personal and household goods repair and
maintenance)
451119 All other sporting goods stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in retailing new sporting goods. These establishments may retail used sporting goods, and also provide repair
services.
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Illustrative example(s)
• backpacking, hiking and mountaineering equipment, retail
• bait and tackle shops, retail
• bowling equipment and supplies, retail
• camping equipment (except tent trailers), retail
• firearms and ammunition, retail
• gymnasium equipment, retail
• hunting equipment, retail
• playground equipment, retail
• pool and billiard table stores, retail
• skin diving and scuba equipment, retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing camper and camping trailer (see 441210 Recreational vehicle dealers)
• retailing snowmobile, motorized bicycle and motorized golf cart (see 441220 Motorcycle, boat and other
motor vehicle dealers)
• retailing athletic shoes (see 448210 Shoe stores)
• repairing or servicing sporting goods (see 811490 Other personal and household goods repair and
maintenance)
45112 Hobby, toy and game stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new toys, games, and hobby and craft
supplies.
451120 Hobby, toy and game stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new toys, games, and hobby and
craft supplies.
Illustrative example(s)
• ceramics supplies, retail
• craft kits and supplies, retail
• hobby kits, model, retail
• scrapbooking supplies, retail
• toy and game stores, retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing software, including game software (see 443144 Computer and software stores)
• retailing artists' supplies or collectors' items, such as coins, stamps, autographs and cards (see 453999 All
other miscellaneous store retailers (except beer and wine-making supplies stores))
45113 Sewing, needlework and piece goods stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new sewing supplies, fabrics, patterns, yarns
and other needlework accessories. These stores may also retail sewing machines.
451130 Sewing, needlework and piece goods stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new sewing supplies, fabrics,
patterns, yarns and other needlework accessories. These stores may also retail sewing machines.
Illustrative example(s)
• knitting yarn and accessories, retail
• needlework stores, retail
• notions, sewing thread and needles, retail
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•
•
•
•
•
piece goods (e.g., textile, cotton, linen, woollen), retail
remnant stores, retail
sewing supplies, retail
upholstery fabric, retail
yard goods (textile fabric), retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing sewing machine (see 443143 Appliance, television and other electronics stores)
45114 Musical instrument and supplies stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new musical instruments, sheet music and
related supplies. These establishments may also rent and repair musical instruments.
451140 Musical instrument and supplies stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new musical instruments, sheet
music and related supplies. These establishments may also rent and repair musical instruments.
Illustrative example(s)
• musical instruments and supplies (e.g., drums, guitars, organs, pianos, sheet music, amplifying
equipment), retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing musical recordings (see 443146 Audio and video recordings stores)
• renting musical instruments (see 532290 Other consumer goods rental)
• repairing musical instruments (see 811490 Other personal and household goods repair and maintenance)
4513 Book stores and news dealers This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new books, newspapers, magazines
and other peiodicals.
45131 Book stores and news dealers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new books, newspapers, magazines and
other periodicals.
451310 Book stores and news dealers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new books, newspapers,
magazines and other periodicals.
Exclusion(s)
• selling newspapers, magazines, and other periodicals via electronic shopping, mail-order or direct sale
(see 454 Non-store retailers)
• delivering newspapers to homes (see 454390 Other direct selling establishments)
452 General merchandise stores This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of merchandise that may, or
may not, include a general line of grocery items.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing a general line of building and home improvement materials (see 444110 Home centres)
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• retailing a general line of grocery items (see 445110 Supermarkets and other grocery (except
convenience) stores)
• retailing a general line of used goods (see 453310 Used merchandise stores)
• retailing a general line of goods by means of electronic shopping, mail-order, or direct sale (see 454
Non-store retailers)
4521 Department stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a wide range of products, with each
merchandise line constituting a separate department within the store. Selected departments may be operated by
separate establishments, on a concession basis.
45211 Department stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a wide range of products, with each
merchandise line constituting a separate department within the store. Selected departments may be operated by
separate establishments, on a concession basis.
452110 Department stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a wide range of products, with each
merchandise line constituting a separate department within the store. Selected departments may be operated by
separate establishments, on a concession basis.
Exclusion(s)
• warehouse-style stores engaged in retailing a general line of grocery items in combination with a general
line of non-grocery items (see 452910 Warehouse clubs)
4529 Other general merchandise stores This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
retailing goods in general merchandise stores.
45291 Warehouse clubs This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of grocery items typically by
multi-unit cases and/or in large formats, in combination with a general line of non-grocery items; and typically
charging a membership fee.
452910 Warehouse clubs This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of grocery items
typically by multi-unit cases and/or in large formats, in combination with a general line of non-grocery items; and
typically charging a membership fee.
Illustrative example(s)
• warehouse club or store (food and general merchandise), retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing a general line of grocery items (see 445110 Supermarkets and other grocery (except
convenience) stores)
• retailing a general line of merchandise in department stores (see 452110 Department stores)
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45299 All other general merchandise stores This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in retailing a general
line of new merchandise. Establishments known as home and auto supplies stores, catalogue showrooms,
agricultural co-op stores, variety stores and country general stores are included.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing automotive parts (see 441310 Automotive parts and accessories stores)
• retailing merchandise in catalogue showrooms, without stock (see 454110 Electronic shopping and
mail-order houses)
452991 Home and auto supplies stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of auto supplies,
such as tires, batteries, parts and accessories, along with a general line of home supplies, such as hardware,
houseware, small appliances, sporting goods, and lawn and garden equipment and supplies.
452999 All other miscellaneous general merchandise stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in retailing a general line of new merchandise.
Illustrative example(s)
• agricultural co-op stores
• catalogue sales showrooms , retail
• general store (except primarily food)
• variety and dollar stores, retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing merchandise in catalogue showrooms, without stock (see 454110 Electronic shopping and
mail-order houses)
453 Miscellaneous store retailers This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a specialized line of merchandise in other
types of specialty stores. Florists, office supplies stores, stationery stores, gift, novelty and souvenir stores, used
merchandise stores, pet and pet supplies stores, art dealers and manufactured (mobile) home dealers are included.
4531 Florists This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing cut flowers, floral arrangements, and
potted plants grown elsewhere. These establishments typically prepare the arrangements they sell.
45311 Florists This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing cut flowers, floral arrangements, and potted
plants grown elsewhere. These establishments typically prepare the arrangements they sell.
453110 Florists This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing cut flowers, floral arrangements,
and potted plants grown elsewhere. These establishments typically prepare the arrangements they sell.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing flowers or nursery stock grown on the premises (see 11142 Nursery and floriculture production)
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• retailing trees, shrubs, plants, seeds, bulbs and sod grown elsewhere (see 444220 Nursery stores and
garden centres)
4532 Office supplies, stationery and gift stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new office supplies, stationery and
gifts.
45321 Office supplies and stationery stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing office supplies or a combination of office
supplies, equipment and furniture. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing stationery and school supplies are
also included.
453210 Office supplies and stationery stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing office supplies or a combination of
office supplies, equipment and furniture. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing stationery and school
supplies are also included.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing office furniture (see 442110 Furniture stores)
• retailing computers (see 443144 Computer and software stores)
• retailing greeting cards (see 453220 Gift, novelty and souvenir stores)
45322 Gift, novelty and souvenir stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new gifts, novelty merchandise, souvenirs,
greeting cards, seasonal and holiday decorations, and curios. These establishments may also retail stationery.
453220 Gift, novelty and souvenir stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new gifts, novelty merchandise,
souvenirs, greeting cards, seasonal and holiday decorations, and curios. These establishments may also retail
stationery.
Illustrative example(s)
• carvings and artcraft, retail
• gift shops, retail
• gifts, novelties and souvenirs, retail
• greeting card shops, retail
• handicraft (e.g., ceramics, macramé), retail
• joke shops
• novelty merchandise, retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing stationery (see 453210 Office supplies and stationery stores)
4533 Used merchandise stores This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing used merchandise. Establishments
primarily engaged in retailing antiques are also included.
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45331 Used merchandise stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing used merchandise. Establishments primarily
engaged in retailing antiques are also included.
453310 Used merchandise stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing used merchandise. Establishments
primarily engaged in retailing antiques are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• antiques, retail
• appliances, used, retail
• book stores, second-hand, retail
• clothing stores, second-hand, retail
• furniture stores, second-hand, retail
• glassware and china, used, retail
• phonograph and phonograph record stores, second-hand, retail
• rare book stores
• second-hand merchandise, retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing used automobile (see 441120 Used car dealers)
• retailing used recreational vehicles (RVs) (see 441210 Recreational vehicle dealers)
• retailing used motorcycles and boats (see 441220 Motorcycle, boat and other motor vehicle dealers)
• retailing used tires (see 441320 Tire dealers)
• retailing used mobile homes (see 453930 Mobile home dealers)
• retailing a general line of used merchandise on an auction basis (see 453999 All other miscellaneous store
retailers (except beer and wine-making supplies stores))
• operating pawnshops (see 522299 All other non-depository credit intermediation)
4539 Other miscellaneous store retailers This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
retailing new merchandise in other types of specialty stores.
45391 Pet and pet supplies stores This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing pets, pet food and pet supplies. These
establishments may also provide pet grooming services.
453910 Pet and pet supplies stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing pets, pet food and pet supplies.
These establishments may also provide pet grooming services.
Illustrative example(s)
• pet supplies (e.g., aquarium, cage, food, tank), retail
• pets (e.g., dog, cat, bird, fish), retail
Exclusion(s)
• providing veterinary services (see 541940 Veterinary services)
• providing pet care services, such as grooming and boarding (see 812910 Pet care (except veterinary)
services)
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45392 Art dealers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing original and limited edition art works.
Establishments primarily engaged in the exhibition of Aboriginal art for retail sale are also included.
453920 Art dealers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing original and limited edition art
works. Establishments primarily engaged in the exhibition of Aboriginal art for retail sale are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• art work (e.g., original and prints paintings, pictures, art objects), retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing art reproductions (see 442292 Print and picture frame stores)
• operating non-commercial art galleries (see 712111 Non-commercial art museums and galleries)
45393 Mobile home dealers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and used mobile homes, parts and
equipment. These establishments may provide installation services in addition to retailing the homes.
453930 Mobile home dealers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and used mobile homes, parts
and equipment. These establishments may provide installation services in addition to retailing the homes.
Illustrative example(s)
• house trailer and mobile home dealers, retail
Exclusion(s)
• retailing motor home, camper and travel trailer (see 441210 Recreational vehicle dealers)
• retailing prefabricated buildings and kits (see 444190 Other building material dealers)
45399 All other miscellaneous store retailers This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in retailing
specialized lines of merchandise, such as tobacco and tobacco products; artists' supplies; collectors' items, such as
coins, stamps, autographs and cards; beer and wine making supplies; swimming pool supplies and accessories;
religious goods; and monuments and tombstones. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of
new and used merchandise on an auction basis are also included.
Exclusion(s)
• auctioning new and used merchandise on a fee basis (see 561990 All other support services)
453992 Beer and wine-making supplies stores This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing beer and wine-making supplies and
equipment. These establishments may also provide access to on-premise beer and wine-making equipment.
453999 All other miscellaneous store retailers (except beer and wine-making supplies stores) This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in retailing specialized lines of merchandise. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new and
used merchandise on an auction basis are also included.
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Illustrative example(s)
• artists' supplies, retail
• auctioneering, with own facilities, open to the general public, retail
• cigar, tobacco and cigarette stores and stands, retail
• home security equipment, retail
• hot tubs, whirlpools and sauna, retail
• numismatic supplies, retail
• party supplies store, retail
• philatelic supplies, retail
• swimming pools, retail
• tombstones, retail
Exclusion(s)
• new and used merchandise auctioning on a fee basis (see 561990 All other support services)
454 Non-store retailers This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing merchandise by non-store retail methods.
The establishments of this subsector employ methods, such as broadcasting infomercials, broadcasting and
publishing direct-response advertising, publishing traditional and electronic catalogues, door-to-door solicitation,
in-home demonstration, temporary displaying of merchandise (temporary stands or stalls), distribution by vending
machines, and using the Internet to reach their customers and market their merchandise. Establishments primarily
engaged in the direct sale (i.e. non-store) of products such as home heating fuels and in newspaper delivery are
also included.
4541 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing all types of merchandise using the
electronic and print media to induce direct response by the customer. These establishments can employ methods,
such as broadcasting infomercials, broadcasting and publishing direct-response advertising and publishing
traditional or electronic catalogues, to display their merchandise and reach their customers. They can also provide
websites facilitating consumer-to-consumer or business-to-consumer trade in new and used goods, on an auction
basis, using the Internet.
Transactions between these retailers and their customers typically require the use of information technology
(telephone or computer network) and the delivery of merchandise is typically done by mail or courier.
Establishments primarily engaged in retailing from catalogue showrooms, without stock, are included.
45411 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing all types of merchandise using the electronic
and print media to induce direct response by the customer. These establishments can employ methods, such as
broadcasting infomercials, broadcasting and publishing direct-response advertising and publishing traditional or
electronic catalogues, to display their merchandise and reach their customers. They can also provide websites
facilitating consumer-to-consumer or business-to-consumer trade in new and used goods, on an auction basis,
using the Internet.
Transactions between these retailers and their customers typically require the use of information technology
(telephone or computer network) and the delivery of merchandise is typically done by mail or courier.
Establishments primarily engaged in retailing from catalogue showrooms, without stock, are included.
454110 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing all types of merchandise using the
electronic and print media to induce direct response by the customer. These establishments can employ methods,
such as broadcasting infomercials, broadcasting and publishing direct-response advertising and publishing
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traditional or electronic catalogues, to display their merchandise and reach their customers. They can also provide
websites facilitating consumer-to-consumer or business-to-consumer trade in new and used goods, on an auction
basis, using the Internet.
Transactions between these retailers and their customers typically require the use of information technology
(telephone or computer network) and the delivery of merchandise is typically done by mail or courier.
Establishments primarily engaged in retailing from catalogue showrooms, without stock, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• combined Internet and mail order sales
• direct mailers (i.e., selling own merchandise)
• home shopping, television, retail
• Internet auctions, retail
• mail order offices of department stores, retail
• merchandise retailing via Internet
Exclusion(s)
• facilitating business-to-business sales of new and used merchandise on an auction basis using the
Internet (see 419110 Business-to-business electronic markets)
• retailing a general line of new and used merchandise on an auction basis from a combination of Internet
auction and auction house sales in the same establishment (see 453999 All other miscellaneous store
retailers (except beer and wine-making supplies stores))
• call centres providing telemarketing services for others (see 561420 Telephone call centres)
• store retailing or a combination of store retailing and Internet retailing of merchandise in the same
establishment (classified to the store portion of the activity)
4542 Vending machine operators This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in owning, stocking and servicing vending
machines designed to retail merchandise.
45421 Vending machine operators This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in owning, stocking and servicing vending machines
designed to retail merchandise.
454210 Vending machine operators This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in owning, stocking and servicing vending
machines designed to retail merchandise.
Illustrative example(s)
• beverage, cigarette, confectionery or food, vending machine operators, retail
Exclusion(s)
• selling insurance policies through vending machines (see 524 Insurance carriers and related activities)
• operating coin-operated amusement machines (see 713120 Amusement arcades)
• operating coin-operated gambling machines (see 71329 Other gambling industries)
4543 Direct selling establishments This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in non-store retailing, except direct-response
advertising and operating vending machines. These establishments use methods, such as home delivery,
door-to-door solicitation, in-home demonstration and displaying of merchandise through temporary stalls or kiosks,
to reach their customers and market their merchandise. Direct sales establishments may operate from an office and
have incidental sales of items.
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Exclusion(s)
• direct-response advertising (see 454110 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses)
45431 Fuel dealers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing heating oil, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and
other fuels via direct selling.
454311 Heating oil dealers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing heating oil via direct selling to the
final consumer including both households and commercial businesses. Heating oil dealers may also provide
furnace repair and maintenance services in addition to the primary activity of retailing and delivering oil.
Illustrative example(s)
• direct sales of heating oil (non-store, delivered to customer's premises)
• fuel oil dealers, retail
• home heating oil dealer, retail
Exclusion(s)
• installing oil burners without retailing home heating oil (see 238220 Plumbing, heating and air-conditioning
contractors)
• operating heating oil bulk stations and terminals (see 412110 Petroleum and petroleum products merchant
wholesalers)
• retailing heating oil in combination with retailing non-related merchandise such as found in establishments
usually referred to as agricultural co-ops (see 452999 All other miscellaneous general merchandise stores)
• repairing oil burners (see 811411 Home and garden equipment repair and maintenance)
454312 Liquefied petroleum gas (bottled gas) dealers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) gas
via direct selling.
Illustrative example(s)
• liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), delivered to customers' premises, retail
• propane dealer, retail
454319 Other fuel dealers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fuels (except heating oil and
liquefied petroleum gas) via direct selling.
Illustrative example(s)
• coal dealers, retail
• diesel fuel, delivered to customers' premises, retail
• firewood or fuelwood dealers, retail
• wood fuel dealers, retail
Exclusion(s)
• direct selling of heating oil (see 454311 Heating oil dealers)
• direct selling of liquefied petroleum gas (see 454312 Liquefied petroleum gas (bottled gas) dealers)
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45439 Other direct selling establishments This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in non-store retailing.
These establishments use methods, such as door-to-door solicitation, in-home demonstration and temporary
displaying of merchandise (stalls), to reach their customers and market their merchandise.
454390 Other direct selling establishments This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in non-store retailing. These establishments use methods, such as door-to-door solicitation, in-home demonstration
and temporary displaying of merchandise (stalls), to reach their customers and market their merchandise.
Illustrative example(s)
• direct personal retailing operators, retail
• door-to-door retailing of merchandise, retail
• fruit stand (temporary), road side, retail
• home provisioners, frozen food service, direct seller, retail
• house-to-house selling of coffee, soda, beer, bottled water, or other products, retail
• magazine subscription sales (except mail order), retail
Exclusion(s)
• preparing and serving meals and snacks for immediate consumption from motorized vehicles catering a
route or from non-motorized carts (see 722330 Mobile food services)
48-49 Transportation and warehousing
This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in transporting passengers and goods, warehousing and
storing goods, and providing services to these establishments. The modes of transportation are road (trucking,
transit and ground passenger), rail, water, air and pipeline. These are further subdivided according to the way in
which businesses in each mode organize their establishments. National post office and courier establishments,
which also transport goods, are included in this sector. Warehousing and storage establishments are subdivided
according to the type of service and facility that is operated.
Many of the establishments in this sector are structured as networks, with activities, workers, and physical facilities
distributed over an extensive geographic area.
481 Air transportation
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in for-hire, common-carrier transportation of people
and/or goods using aircraft, such as airplanes and helicopters.
Exclusion(s)
• scenic or sightseeing air services (see 487990 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, other)
• air courier services (see 492110 Couriers)
4811 Scheduled air transportation
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in transporting passengers and/or goods by
aircraft, over regular routes and on regular schedules. Establishments in this industry have less flexibility with
respect to choice of airports, hours of operation, load factors and similar operational characteristics than do
establishments in 4812, Non-scheduled air transportation.
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48111 Scheduled air transportation
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in transporting passengers and/or goods by aircraft, over
regular routes and on regular schedules. Establishments in this industry have less flexibility with respect to choice
of airports, hours of operation, load factors and similar operational characteristics than do establishments in 4812,
Non-scheduled air transportation.
481110 Scheduled air transportation This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in transporting passengers and/or goods by
aircraft, over regular routes and on regular schedules. Establishments in this industry have less flexibility with
respect to choice of airports, hours of operation, load factors and similar operational characteristics than do
establishments in 4812, Non-scheduled air transportation.
Illustrative example(s)
• air cargo carriers (except air courier), scheduled
• air passenger carriers, scheduled
Exclusion(s)
• non-scheduled air transport (see 4812 Non-scheduled air transportation)
4812 Non-scheduled air transportation
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the non-scheduled air transportation of
passengers and/or goods. Establishments in this industry have more flexibility with respect to choice of airports,
hours of operation, load factors and similar operational characteristics than do establishments in 4811, Scheduled
air transportation. Establishments primarily engaged in providing specialty air transportation or flying services using
small, general-purpose aircraft are included.
48121 Non-scheduled air transportation
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the non-scheduled air transportation of passengers
and/or goods. Establishments in this industry have more flexibility with respect to choice of airports, hours of
operation, load factors and similar operational characteristics than do establishments in 4811, Scheduled air
transportation. Establishments primarily engaged in providing specialty air transportation or flying services using
small, general-purpose aircraft are included.
Exclusion(s)
• crop-dusting using specialized aircraft (see 115110 Support activities for crop production)
• fighting forest fires using specialized water bombers (see 115310 Support activities for forestry)
• scheduled air transport (see 481110 Scheduled air transportation)
• specialized air sightseeing services (see 487990 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, other)
• aerial gathering of geophysical data (see 541360 Geophysical surveying and mapping services)
• providing aerial mapping services (see 541370 Surveying and mapping (except geophysical) services)
• flight training, including all training for commercial pilots (see 611510 Technical and trade schools)
• operating air ambulance services using specialized equipment (see 621912 Air ambulance services)
481214 Non-scheduled chartered air transportation This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the non-scheduled air transportation of
passengers and/or goods by aircraft, at a toll per mile or per hour for the charter of the aircraft.
Illustrative example(s)
• air cargo carriers (except air courier), non-scheduled
• air passenger charter transportation service
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Exclusion(s)
• providing specialty flying services, with no service predominating (see 481215 Non-scheduled specialty
flying services)
• providing air courrier services (see 492110 Couriers)
481215 Non-scheduled specialty flying services This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing a combination of flying services,
with no single service predominating. These establishments use small, general-purpose aircraft. The services
performed may be specialized, such as aerial photography, aerial crop spraying, fighting forest fires, air ambulance,
towing advertising banners, skywriting, and aerial traffic reporting, or general air transportation of passengers and
goods.
Illustrative example(s)
• aerial advertising, using general purpose aircraft
• air taxi services
• aviation clubs, providing air transportation services to the general public
• sky writing, using general purpose aircraft
• specialty flying services, using general purpose aircraft
Exclusion(s)
• crop-dusting using specialized aircraft (see 115110 Support activities for crop production)
• fighting forest fires using specialized water bombers (see 115310 Support activities for forestry)
• non-scheduled chartered air transportation (see 481214 Non-scheduled chartered air transportation)
• specialized air sightseeing services (see 487990 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, other)
• aerial gathering of geophysical data (see 541360 Geophysical surveying and mapping services)
• providing aerial mapping services (see 541370 Surveying and mapping (except geophysical) services)
• flight training, including all training for commercial pilots (see 611510 Technical and trade schools)
• operating air ambulance services using specialized equipment (see 621912 Air ambulance services)
482 Rail transportation
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating railways. Establishments primarily
engaged in the operation of long-haul or mainline railways, short-haul railways and passenger railways are
included.
4821 Rail transportation
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating railways. Establishments primarily
engaged in the operation of long-haul or mainline railways, short-haul railways and passenger railways are
included.
48211 Rail transportation
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating railways. Establishments primarily engaged
in the operation of long-haul or mainline railways, short-haul railways and passenger railways are included.
Exclusion(s)
• operating street railways and urban rapid transit (see 485110 Urban transit systems)
• operating tourist and scenic trains (see 487110 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, land)
• operating switching and terminal railways (see 488210 Support activities for rail transportation)
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482112 Short-haul freight rail transportation This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating railways for the transport of goods
on a rail line that does not comprise a rail network. A short-haul railway line usually takes goods from one or more
points to a point on the larger transportation network, which is usually a mainline railway, but may be a
trans-shipment point onto another transportation mode.
Illustrative example(s)
• belt line railways
• logging railways
Exclusion(s)
• operating switching and terminal railways (see 488210 Support activities for rail transportation)
482113 Mainline freight rail transportation This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating railways for the transport of goods
over a mainline rail network. A mainline rail network is a system that usually comprises one or more trunk lines, into
which a network of branch lines feed. The branch lines may be part of the mainline establishment or may be
separate establishments of short-haul freight railways.
482114 Passenger rail transportation This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the railway transport of passengers.
Exclusion(s)
• operating street railways and urban rapid transit (see 485110 Urban transit systems)
• operating same-day return tourist and scenic trains (see 487110 Scenic and sightseeing transportation,
land)
483 Water transportation
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the water transportation of passengers and goods,
using equipment designed for those purposes.
Exclusion(s)
• same-day return sightseeing trips and cruises (see 487210 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, water)
4831 Deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water transportation
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water
transportation of freight and passengers. The St. Lawrence Seaway is considered to be part of the Great Lakes
system. Establishments that operate ocean-going cruise ships are included.
48311 Deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water transportation
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water
transportation of freight and passengers. The St. Lawrence Seaway is considered to be part of the Great Lakes
system. Establishments that operate ocean-going cruise ships are included.
Exclusion(s)
• inland water transport (see 48321 Inland water transportation)
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483115 Deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water transportation (except by ferries) This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water
transportation of freight and passengers. The St. Lawrence Seaway is considered to be part of the Great Lakes
system. Establishments that operate ocean-going cruise ships are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• barge transport service, coastal
• coastal shipping
• deep water transportation of freight (except by ferries)
• deep water transportation of passengers (except by ferries)
• Great Lakes and St. Lawrence seaway transportation of passengers (except by ferries)
• supply vessels to drilling rigs
483116 Deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water transportation by ferries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating ferries for the transport of
passengers and/or freight contained in self-propelled, motorized vehicles; in deep sea, coastal or Great Lakes
waters.
Illustrative example(s)
• ferries, passenger, operating on coastal waters or on the Great Lakes
Exclusion(s)
• operating inland, including harbour, ferries (see 483214 Inland water transportation by ferries)
4832 Inland water transportation
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the inland water transportation of freight and
passengers. Transportation within harbours is included.
48321 Inland water transportation
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the inland water transportation of freight and
passengers. Transportation within harbours is included.
Exclusion(s)
• water transportation on the Great Lakes (see 48311 Deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water
transportation)
483213 Inland water transportation (except by ferries) This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the inland water transportation of freight and
passengers, except by ferries.
Illustrative example(s)
• canal transportation, passengers
• lake (except Great Lakes) transportation (except ferries), passengers
• river freight transportation (except using the St. Lawrence seaway)
• river passenger transportation (except ferries)
• water taxi service, inland waterways
483214 Inland water transportation by ferries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating inland ferries, including ferries
operated in harbours.
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Illustrative example(s)
• ferries, operating on rivers or inland lakes (except Great Lakes), transportation of passengers
• harbour ferry service, passengers
Exclusion(s)
• operating coastal and Great Lakes ferries (see 483116 Deep sea, coastal and Great Lakes water
transportation by ferries)
484 Truck transportation
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the truck transportation of goods. These
establishments may carry general freight or specialized freight. Specialized freight comprises goods that, because
of size, weight, shape or other inherent characteristics, require specialized equipment for transportation.
Establishments may operate locally, that is within a metropolitan area and its hinterland, or over long distances, that
is between metropolitan areas.
4841 General freight trucking
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the local or long distance trucking of general
freight. General freight trucking does not require the use of specialized equipment. The trucks used can handle a
wide variety of commodities. Freight is generally palletized, and generally carried in a box, container or van trailer.
48411 General freight trucking, local
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in local general freight trucking. These establishments
primarily provide trucking services within a metropolitan area and its hinterland.
484110 General freight trucking, local This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in local general freight trucking. These
establishments primarily provide trucking services within a metropolitan area and its hinterland.
Illustrative example(s)
• container trucking service, local
• contract bulk mail, truck transportation, local
• non-specialized freight transportation, local
• transfer (trucking) service, general freight, local
48412 General freight trucking, long distance
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in long distance, general freight trucking. These
establishments primarily provide trucking services between metropolitan areas.
484121 General freight trucking, long distance, truck-load This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in long distance, general freight trucking of
complete truck-loads. A truck-load shipment is generally devoted to the goods of a single shipper, taken directly
from a point of origin to one or more destination points.
Illustrative example(s)
• container trucking service, long distance, truckload
• contract bulk mail, truck transportation, long distance
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484122 General freight trucking, long distance, less than truck-load This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in long distance, general freight trucking of
less than complete truck-loads. Less-than-truck-load carriers are characterized by the use of terminals to
consolidate shipments, generally from several shippers, into a single truck for haulage between a load assembly
terminal and a disassembly terminal, where the load is sorted and shipments are re-routed for delivery.
4842 Specialized freight trucking
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in specialized freight trucking. These
establishments transport articles that, because of size, weight, shape or other inherent characteristics, require
specialized equipment for transportation. Some important types of specialized equipment are bulk tankers, dump
trucks and trailers, refrigerated vans, and motor vehicle haulers. Establishments that transport used household and
office goods are included.
Exclusion(s)
• local hauling of garbage (see 562110 Waste collection)
48421 Used household and office goods moving
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the trucking of used household and office goods,
whether local or long distance. Establishments engaged in the transportation of used institutional equipment are
included. Incidental storage activities may be carried out by these establishments, except for new furniture.
484210 Used household and office goods moving
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the trucking of used household and office
goods, whether local or long distance. Establishments engaged in the transportation of used institutional equipment
are included. Incidental storage activities may be carried out by these establishments, except for new furniture.
48422 Specialized freight (except used goods) trucking, local
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing local trucking services using specialized
equipment. Local trucking establishments provide trucking services within a metropolitan area.
484221 Bulk liquids trucking, local This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the local trucking of bulk liquids. These
establishments use tank trucks (which may be refrigerated) to transport goods such as milk, water, chemicals and
petroleum products.
484222 Dry bulk materials trucking, local This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the local trucking of dry bulk materials.
These establishments use dump trucks and dump trailers, tank trucks, hopper trucks and similar vehicles to
transport goods such as sand, gravel, snow, dry chemicals and ores.
Illustrative example(s)
• dry bulk materials (e.g., dirt, grain, gravel, sand) trucking or hauling, local
Exclusion(s)
• local hauling of garbage (see 562110 Waste collection)
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484223 Forest products trucking, local This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the local trucking of forest goods, including
logs, wood chips and lumber.
Exclusion(s)
• trucking forest products in the bush (i.e., within logging limits) (see 115310 Support activities for forestry)
484229 Other specialized freight (except used goods) trucking, local This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in providing local trucking services, using specialized equipment.
Illustrative example(s)
• automobile carriers, local
• boat hauling, by truck, local
• livestock trucking, local
• mobile home towing service, local
• refrigerated goods trucking, local
• snowmobile operation, freight
48423 Specialized freight (except used goods) trucking, long distance
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing long distance trucking services using
specialized equipment. Long distance trucking establishments provide trucking services between metropolitan
areas.
484231 Bulk liquids trucking, long distance This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the long distance trucking of bulk liquids.
These establishments use tank trucks (which may be refrigerated) to transport goods such as milk, water,
chemicals and petroleum products.
484232 Dry bulk materials trucking, long distance This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the long distance trucking of dry bulk
materials. These establishments use dump trucks and dump trailers, tank trucks, hopper trucks and similar vehicles
to transport goods such as sand, gravel, dry chemicals and ores.
484233 Forest products trucking, long distance This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the long distance trucking of forest products,
including logs, wood chips and lumber.
484239 Other specialized freight (except used goods) trucking, long distance This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in providing long distance trucking services, using specialized equipment. Some important truck types used by
these establishments are refrigerated vans and motor vehicle haulers.
Illustrative example(s)
• automobile carrier, trucking, long distance
• flat bed trucking, long distance
• mobile home towing service, long distance
• refrigerated goods trucking, long distance
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• trucking, hazardous materials, using specialized equipment, long distance
485 Transit and ground passenger transportation
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in a variety of passenger transportation activities, using
equipment designed for those purposes. These activities are distinguished based on process factors, such as
whether routes are scheduled, run over fixed routes, and charged on a per-seat or per-vehicle basis.
Exclusion(s)
• passenger transportation associated with scenic or sightseeing activities (see 487 Scenic and sightseeing
transportation)
4851 Urban transit systems
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating local and suburban mass passenger
transit systems. Such transportation may involve the use of one or more modes of transport including light rail,
subways and streetcars, as well as buses. These establishments operate over fixed routes and schedules, and
allow passengers to pay on a per-trip basis (whether or not they also accept payment methods such as monthly
passes).
48511 Urban transit systems
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating local and suburban mass passenger transit
systems. Such transportation may involve the use of one or more modes of transport including light rail, subways
and streetcars, as well as buses. These establishments operate over fixed routes and schedules, and allow
passengers to pay on a per-trip basis (whether or not they also accept payment methods such as monthly passes).
485110 Urban transit systems This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating local and suburban mass
passenger transit systems. Such transportation may involve the use of one or more modes of transport including
light rail, subways and streetcars, as well as buses. These establishments operate over fixed routes and schedules,
and allow passengers to pay on a per-trip basis (whether or not they also accept payment methods such as monthly
passes).
Illustrative example(s)
• local, urban and suburban transit systems, mixed mode
• monorail transport, urban
• trolley operation, commuter
• urban and suburban passenger transit system operation
4852 Interurban and rural bus transportation
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing passenger transportation, principally
outside a single municipality and its suburban areas, primarily by bus. These establishments operate over fixed
routes and schedules, and charge a per-trip fee.
48521 Interurban and rural bus transportation
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing passenger transportation, principally outside
a single municipality and its suburban areas, primarily by bus. These establishments operate over fixed routes and
schedules, and charge a per-trip fee.
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485210 Interurban and rural bus transportation
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing passenger transportation,
principally outside a single municipality and its suburban areas, primarily by bus. These establishments operate
over fixed routes and schedules, and charge a per-trip fee.
Exclusion(s)
• operating chartered bus transportation (see 485510 Charter bus industry)
4853 Taxi and limousine service
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing passenger transportation by taxi and
limousine.
48531 Taxi service
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing passenger transportation by taxi (that is,
automobiles, except limousines), not operated on regular schedules or routes. Taxicab fleet owners and
organizations that provide dispatch services are included, regardless of whether drivers are hired, rent their cabs or
are otherwise compensated. Owner-operated taxicabs are included.
485310 Taxi service This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing passenger transportation by taxi
(that is, automobiles, except limousines), not operated on regular schedules or routes. Taxicab fleet owners and
organizations that provide dispatch services are included, regardless of whether drivers are hired, rent their cabs or
are otherwise compensated. Owner-operated taxicabs are included.
48532 Limousine service
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing passenger transportation by limousine.
485320 Limousine service
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing passenger transportation by
limousine.
Illustrative example(s)
• automobile rental or for hire with driver (except taxicab)
• hearse or limousine rental with driver
Exclusion(s)
• transporting passengers to or from hotels and airports or stations, using buses or vans (see 485990 Other
transit and ground passenger transportation)
4854 School and employee bus transportation
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating buses and other motor vehicles to
transport pupils to and from school or employees to and from work. These establishments operate over fixed routes
and schedules, but do not charge a per-trip fee.
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48541 School and employee bus transportation
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating buses and other motor vehicles to transport
pupils to and from school or employees to and from work. These establishments operate over fixed routes and
schedules, but do not charge a per-trip fee.
485410 School and employee bus transportation
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating buses and other motor vehicles to
transport pupils to and from school or employees to and from work. These establishments operate over fixed routes
and schedules, but do not charge a per-trip fee.
4855 Charter bus industry
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing charter bus services. These
establishments do not operate over fixed routes and schedules, and rent the entire vehicle, rather than individual
seats.
48551 Charter bus industry
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing charter bus services. These establishments
do not operate over fixed routes and schedules, and rent the entire vehicle, rather than individual seats.
485510 Charter bus industry
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing charter bus services. These
establishments do not operate over fixed routes and schedules, and rent the entire vehicle, rather than individual
seats.
Exclusion(s)
• operating local sightseeing buses (see 487110 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, land)
• providing packaged tours involving bus transportation (see 561520 Tour operators)
4859 Other transit and ground passenger transportation
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
providing shuttle services to airports and similar facilities, special needs transportation services and other transit
and ground passenger transport. Shuttle services included in this industry group are those that use vans and/or
buses as a means of transport. They usually travel on fixed routes and service particular hotels or carriers. Special
needs transportation establishments use conventional or specially converted vehicles to provide passenger
transportation to the infirm, elderly or handicapped.
48599 Other transit and ground passenger transportation
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing shuttle
services to airports and similar facilities, special needs transportation services and other transit and ground
passenger transport. Shuttle services included in this industry are those that use vans and/or buses as a means of
transport. They usually travel on fixed routes and service particular hotels or carriers. Special needs transportation
establishments use conventional or specially converted vehicles to provide passenger transportation to the infirm,
elderly or handicapped.
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485990 Other transit and ground passenger transportation This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in providing shuttle services to airports and similar facilities, special needs transportation services and other transit
and ground passenger transport. Shuttle services included in this industry are those that use vans and/or buses as
a means of transport. They usually travel on fixed routes and service particular hotels or carriers. Special needs
transportation establishments use conventional or specially converted vehicles to provide passenger transportation
to the infirm, elderly or handicapped.
Illustrative example(s)
• airport limousine service, scheduled
• carpool operation
• shuttle services (except employee bus)
• special needs passenger transportation service
486 Pipeline transportation
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the transport of goods by pipeline. The pipelines are
designed to specifications for the transport of a particular good, such as crude oil, natural gas and refined petroleum
products. Pipeline transportation includes integrated systems comprising various types of pipelines and ancillary
facilities, such as pumping stations and incidental storage facilities.
Exclusion(s)
• operating gathering lines to transport crude oil or natural gas from wells to field processing plants (see 211
Oil and gas extraction)
4861 Pipeline transportation of crude oil
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the pipeline transportation of crude oil.
48611 Pipeline transportation of crude oil
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the pipeline transportation of crude oil.
486110 Pipeline transportation of crude oil
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the pipeline transportation of crude oil.
4862 Pipeline transportation of natural gas
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in the pipeline transportation of natural gas, from
gas fields or processing plants to local distribution systems.
48621 Pipeline transportation of natural gas
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the pipeline transportation of natural gas, from gas
fields or processing plants to local distribution systems.
486210 Pipeline transportation of natural gas
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the pipeline transportation of natural gas,
from gas fields or processing plants to local distribution systems.
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4869 Other pipeline transportation
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
pipeline transportation.
48691 Pipeline transportation of refined petroleum products
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the pipeline transportation of refined petroleum
products.
486910 Pipeline transportation of refined petroleum products
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the pipeline transportation of refined
petroleum products.
Illustrative example(s)
• gasoline pipeline transport service
48699 All other pipeline transportation
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in pipeline
transportation. Establishments engaged in the operation of slurry pipelines are included.
486990 All other pipeline transportation
This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in pipeline transportation. Establishments engaged in the operation of slurry pipelines are included.
487 Scenic and sightseeing transportation
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing recreational transportation, such as
sightseeing or dinner cruises, steam train excursions, horse-drawn sightseeing rides, air-boat rides or hot-air
balloon rides. These establishments often use vintage or specialized transportation equipment. The services
provided are local in nature, usually involving same-day return. Establishments that provide charter fishing services
are included.
Exclusion(s)
• providing scenic and sightseeing services using airplanes, in combination with other specialty air
transportation or flying services (see 481215 Non-scheduled specialty flying services)
• providing sporting services, such as fishing guides, white-water rafting, pack trains and water-skiing (see
713990 All other amusement and recreation industries)
4871 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, land
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing scenic and sightseeing transportation
on land, such as steam train excursions and horse-drawn sightseeing rides.
48711 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, land
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing scenic and sightseeing transportation on
land, such as steam train excursions and horse-drawn sightseeing rides.
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487110 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, land
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing scenic and sightseeing
transportation on land, such as steam train excursions and horse-drawn sightseeing rides.
Illustrative example(s)
• railroads, scenic and sightseeing, local
• scenic and sightseeing bus transportation (scheduled), local
• sightseeing services, human-drawn vehicle
• tracked vehicle, passenger, sightseeing operation
4872 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, water
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing scenic and sightseeing transportation
on water, such as sightseeing, dinner cruises or air-boat rides. These establishments often use vintage or
specialized transportation equipment. The services provided are local in nature, usually involving same-day return.
Establishments that provide charter fishing services are included.
48721 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, water
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing scenic and sightseeing transportation on
water, such as sightseeing, dinner cruises or air-boat rides. These establishments often use vintage or specialized
transportation equipment. The services provided are local in nature, usually involving same-day return.
Establishments that provide charter fishing services are included.
487210 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, water
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing scenic and sightseeing
transportation on water, such as sightseeing, dinner cruises or air-boat rides. These establishments often use
vintage or specialized transportation equipment. The services provided are local in nature, usually involving
same-day return. Establishments that provide charter fishing services are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• charter yachts, with crew
• harbour sightseeing tours
• hovercraft operation (sightseeing)
• sightseeing boat excursion operation
• whale watching excursions
Exclusion(s)
• providing sporting services, such as fishing guides, white-water rafting and water-skiing (see 713990 All
other amusement and recreation industries)
4879 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, other
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing
scenic and sightseeing transportation. Some examples of these services are scenic helicopter rides and hot-air
balloon rides.
48799 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, other
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing scenic
and sightseeing transportation. Some examples of these services are scenic helicopter rides and hot-air balloon
rides.
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487990 Scenic and sightseeing transportation, other
This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in providing scenic and sightseeing transportation.
Illustrative example(s)
• aerial cable cars, tramways and gondola, sightseeing or scenic
• helicopter rides, scenic and sightseeing
• hot air balloon rides
488 Support activities for transportation
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing services to other transportation
establishments. These services may be specific to a mode of transportation, or they may be multi-modal.
4881 Support activities for air transportation
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing specialized services to the air
transport industry.
48811 Airport operations
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating international, national and other civil
airports. The activities involved in operating airports include renting hangar space, and providing air traffic control
services, baggage handling, cargo handling and aircraft parking services. Public flying fields are included.
488111 Air traffic control
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating air traffic control services to
promote the safe, orderly, and expeditious flow of air traffic.
488119 Other airport operations This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in operating civil airports.
Illustrative example(s)
• airport cargo handling services
• airport runway maintenance service
• aviation club providing primarily flying field services to general public
• civil airport operation and maintenance
• hangar operation
48819 Other support activities for air transportation
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing
specialized services to the air transport industry. Some important activities are servicing aircraft, repairing and
maintaining aircraft (except on a factory basis), and inspecting and testing aircraft.
488190 Other support activities for air transportation
This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in providing specialized services to the air transport industry. Some important activities are servicing aircraft,
repairing and maintaining aircraft (except on a factory basis), and inspecting and testing aircraft.
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Illustrative example(s)
• aircraft inspecting and testing at the airport
• aircraft servicing, repairing and maintenance (except factory conversions and overhauls)
• aircraft upholstery repair
Exclusion(s)
• repairing and maintaining aircraft on a factory basis (see 336410 Aerospace product and parts
manufacturing)
• providing janitorial and cleaning services for airlines (see 561722 Janitorial services (except window
cleaning))
• providing food catering services for airlines (see 722310 Food service contractors)
4882 Support activities for rail transportation
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing specialized services to the rail
transport industry. Establishments engaged in the operation of railway terminals and stations, and the maintenance
of railway rights-of-way and structures are included.
48821 Support activities for rail transportation
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing specialized services to the rail transport
industry. Establishments engaged in the operation of railway terminals and stations, and the maintenance of railway
rights-of-way and structures are included.
488210 Support activities for rail transportation
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing specialized services to the rail
transport industry. Establishments engaged in the operation of railway terminals and stations, and the maintenance
of railway rights-of-way and structures are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• cleaning of rail cars (freight)
• container loading or unloading service, railroad
• grain levelling and trimming service, in railroad cars
• loading and unloading rail freight cars
• locomotives and railroad cars, repair
• maintenance of rights-of-way and structures, railway
• railroad car repair shops (except factory rebuilding of rolling stock)
• railroad terminals
Exclusion(s)
• providing passenger rail car janitorial services (see 561722 Janitorial services (except window cleaning))
4883 Support activities for water transportation
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing specialized services to the water
transportation industry.
48831 Port and harbour operations
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating port and harbour facilities and services.
Establishments engaged in the operation of lighthouses are included.
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488310 Port and harbour operations
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating port and harbour facilities and
services. Establishments engaged in the operation of lighthouses are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• canal operations
• harbour operation
• lighthouse operation
• piers, docks and wharves, maintenance
• seaway operation
• waterfront terminal operation
48832 Marine cargo handling
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing stevedoring and other marine cargo handling
services.
488320 Marine cargo handling
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing stevedoring and other marine
cargo handling services.
Illustrative example(s)
• loading and unloading ships or boats
• ship tank and hold cleaning
48833 Navigational services to shipping
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing navigational services to shipping. Important
navigational services are pilotage, moorage and vessel traffic services. Establishments engaged in marine salvage
are included.
Exclusion(s)
• operating lighthouses (see 488310 Port and harbour operations)
488331 Marine salvage services This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in salvaging ships and their cargoes. Typical
salvage situations include rescue towing, rescuing strandings and raising sunken vessels.
488332 Ship piloting services This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing piloting service to ships when
entering or leaving harbours or where required by law. The areas in which the services of a marine pilot are
essential are generally referred to as pilotage waters.
488339 Other navigational services to shipping This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in providing navigational services to shipping.
Illustrative example(s)
• docking and undocking marine vessel services
• marine vessel traffic reporting
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• radio beacon service, ship navigation
• tugboat service, harbour operations
48839 Other support activities for water transportation
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing water
transportation services. Establishments engaged in ship repair and maintenance (not done in a shipyard) and
lighter operations are included.
488390 Other support activities for water transportation
This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in
providing water transportation services. Establishments engaged in ship repair and maintenance (not done in a
shipyard) and lighter operations are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• drydocks, floating, for repairing ships and boats
• marine surveyors, cargo
• ship repair and maintenance (except in shipyards)
• ship scaling services
4884 Support activities for road transportation
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing specialized services to trucking
establishments, bus operators and other establishments using the road network.
48841 Motor vehicle towing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in towing motor vehicles. Establishments engaged in
providing light and heavy towing services, both local and long distance, to the general public, commercial,
transportation and other sectors, are included. These establishments may offer incidental services, such as tire
repair, battery boosting and other emergency road services.
488410 Motor vehicle towing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in towing motor vehicles. Establishments
engaged in providing light and heavy towing services, both local and long distance, to the general public,
commercial, transportation and other sectors, are included. These establishments may offer incidental services,
such as tire repair, battery boosting and other emergency road services.
48849 Other support activities for road transportation
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing services
to trucking establishments, bus operators and other establishments using the road network. Establishments
engaged in the operation of trucking terminals; inspection and weighing services connected with truck
transportation; and the operation of toll roads, bridges and tunnels are included.
488490 Other support activities for road transportation This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in
providing services to trucking establishments, bus operators and other establishments using the road network.
Establishments engaged in the operation of trucking terminals; inspection and weighing services connected with
truck transportation; and the operation of toll roads, bridges and tunnels are included.
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Illustrative example(s)
• bridge, tunnel and highway operation
• bus terminal operation, independent
• commercial vehicle safety inspection, without repairs
• flagging service (i.e., traffic control)
• inspection or weighing service connected to truck transportation
• pilot car services (i.e., wide load warning service)
• snow clearing, highways and bridges, road transport service
• street cleaning service
• truck loading and unloading service
• trucking terminals, independent, with or without maintenance facilities
4885 Freight transportation arrangement
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in acting as intermediaries between shippers and
carriers. These establishments are usually referred to as freight forwarders, marine shipping agents or customs
brokers. They may offer a combination of services which may span transportation modes.
48851 Freight transportation arrangement
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acting as intermediaries between shippers and
carriers. These establishments are usually referred to as freight forwarders, marine shipping agents or customs
brokers. They may offer a combination of services, which may span transportation modes. This industry also
includes establishments primarily engaged in arranging and coordinating the transportation and storage of goods
without themselves providing actual transportation and storage services.
488511 Marine shipping agencies This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in representing shipping lines, arranging for
the taking on of cargo and performing other business transactions in port, on behalf of ship owners and charterers.
Illustrative example(s)
• marine shipping agency (e.g., inland, international, overseas)
Exclusion(s)
• acting as intermediaries between shippers and carriers, involving more than one mode of transportation
(see 488519 Other freight transportation arrangement)
488519 Other freight transportation arrangement This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in acting as intermediaries between shippers and carriers. These establishments are usually referred to as freight
forwarders or customs brokers. They may offer a combination of services spanning transportation modes. This
industry also includes establishments primarily engaged in arranging and coordinating the transportation and
storage of goods without themselves providing actual transportation and storage services.
Exclusion(s)
• acting as intermediaries between shippers and carriers, involving only the marine mode of transportation
(see 488511 Marine shipping agencies)
4889 Other support activities for transportation
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing
specialized services to transportation establishments. Establishments engaged in packing, crating and otherwise
preparing goods for transportation are included.
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48899 Other support activities for transportation
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing
specialized services to transportation establishments. Establishments engaged in packing, crating and otherwise
preparing goods for transportation are included.
488990 Other support activities for transportation This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in providing specialized services to transportation establishments. Establishments engaged in packing, crating and
otherwise preparing goods for transportation are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• arrangement of carpools and vanpools
• driving service (auto and truck delivery)
• livestock feeding station service, livestock in transit
• packing and crating service, transportable goods
• pipeline terminal facilities independently operated
Exclusion(s)
• packaging and labelling services (see 561910 Packaging and labelling services)
491 Postal service
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating the postal service. Establishments of the
Post Office, other than those primarily engaged in providing courier services, are classified in this industry, as well
as establishments that carry on one or more functions of the postal service on a contract basis, except the delivery
of mail in bulk.
4911 Postal service
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating the postal service. Establishments of
the Post Office, other than those primarily engaged in providing courier services, are classified in this industry, as
well as establishments that carry on one or more functions of the postal service on a contract basis, except the
delivery of mail in bulk.
49111 Postal service
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating the postal service. Establishments of the
Post Office, other than those primarily engaged in providing courier services, are classified in this industry, as well
as establishments that carry on one or more functions of the postal service on a contract basis, except the delivery
of mail in bulk.
491110 Postal service
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating the postal service. Establishments
of the Post Office, other than those primarily engaged in providing courier services, are classified in this industry, as
well as establishments that carry on one or more functions of the postal service on a contract basis, except the
delivery of mail in bulk.
Illustrative example(s)
• mail delivery, private (except air)
• post office operations
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Exclusion(s)
• providing courier services, including separate courier establishments of the Post Office (see 492110
Couriers)
• delivering advertising material, door-to-door (see 541870 Advertising material distribution services)
• providing mail box services along with other business services (see 56143 Business service centres)
• delivery of mail in bulk to the Post Office (classified depending on the type of transportation utilized)
492 Couriers and messengers
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing courier delivery services; or messenger
and delivery services of small parcels within a single urban area.
4921 Couriers
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing air, surface or combined courier
delivery services. Courier establishments of the Post Office are included.
49211 Couriers
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing air, surface or combined courier delivery
services. Courier establishments of the Post Office are included.
492110 Couriers
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing air, surface or combined courier
delivery services. Courier establishments of the Post Office are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• courier service
• parcel delivery, private
Exclusion(s)
• providing local messenger and delivery services, including bicycle couriers (see 492210 Local messengers
and local delivery)
4922 Local messengers and local delivery
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing messenger and delivery services of
small parcels within a single urban area. Establishments engaged in the delivery of letters and documents, such as
legal documents, often by bicycle or on foot; and the delivery of small parcels, such as take-out restaurant meals,
alcoholic beverages and groceries, on a fee basis, usually by small truck or van, are included.
49221 Local messengers and local delivery
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing messenger and delivery services of small
parcels within a single urban area. Establishments engaged in the delivery of letters and documents, such as legal
documents, often by bicycle or on foot; and the delivery of small parcels, such as take-out restaurant meals,
alcoholic beverages and groceries, on a fee basis, usually by small truck or van, are included.
492210 Local messengers and local delivery
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing messenger and delivery services
of small parcels within a single urban area. Establishments engaged in the delivery of letters and documents, such
as legal documents, often by bicycle or on foot; and the delivery of small parcels, such as take-out restaurant
meals, alcoholic beverages and groceries, on a fee basis, usually by small truck or van, are included.
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Illustrative example(s)
• bicycle messenger and delivery service
• delivering food for a restaurant
• liquor delivery services (dial-a-bottle)
• local delivery service, small parcels
493 Warehousing and storage
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating general merchandise, refrigerated and
other warehousing and storage facilities. Included in this subsector are third-party warehouses serving retail chains
and wholesalers. Establishments in this subsector provide facilities to store goods for customers. They do not take
title to the goods they handle. These establishments take responsibility for storing the goods and keeping them
secure. They may also provide a range of services, often referred to as logistics services, related to the distribution
of a customer's goods. Logistics services can include labelling, breaking bulk, inventory control and management,
light assembly, order entry and fulfillment, packaging, pick and pack, price marking and ticketing and transportation
arrangement. However, establishments in this subsector always provide storage services in addition to any logistics
services. Furthermore, the storage of goods must be more than incidental to the performance of a service such as
price marking.
Both public and contract warehousing are included in this subsector. Public warehousing generally provides
short-term storage, typically for less than thirty days. Contract warehousing generally involves a longer-term
contract, often including the provision of logistical services and dedicated facilities.
Bonded warehousing and storage services, and warehouses located in free trade zones, are included in the
industries of this subsector. However, storage services primarily associated with the provision of credit are not.
4931 Warehousing and storage
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating general merchandise, refrigerated
and other warehousing and storage facilities. Included in this industry group are third-party warehouses serving
retail chains and wholesalers. Establishments in this industry group provide facilities to store goods for customers.
They do not take title to the goods they handle. These establishments take responsibility for storing the goods and
keeping them secure. They may also provide a range of services, often referred to as logistics services, related to
the distribution of a customer's goods. Logistics services can include labelling, breaking bulk, inventory control and
management, light assembly, order entry and fulfillment, packaging, pick and pack, price marking and ticketing and
transportation arrangement. However, establishments in this industry group always provide storage services in
addition to any logistics services. Furthermore, the storage of goods must be more than incidental to the
performance of a service such as price marking.
Both public and contract warehousing are included in this industry group. Public warehousing generally provides
short-term storage, typically for less than thirty days. Contract warehousing generally involves a longer-term
contract, often including the provision of logistical services and dedicated facilities.
Bonded warehousing and storage services, and warehouses located in free trade zones, are included in the
industries of this industry group. However, storage services primarily associated with the provision of credit are not.
Exclusion(s)
• handling and distribution of goods, when the establishment takes title (see 41 Wholesale trade)
• operating grain elevators that are not mainly for storage purposes (see 411120 Oilseed and grain
merchant wholesalers)
• self-storage of goods, commonly known as mini-warehouses (see 531130 Self-storage mini-warehouses)
• packaging and labelling services, whether or not incidental storage is provided (see 561910 Packaging
and labelling services)
• storing garments and furs for individuals (see 812320 Dry cleaning and laundry services (except
coin-operated))
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49311 General warehousing and storage
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating public and contract general merchandise
warehousing and storage facilities. These establishments handle goods in containers, such as boxes, barrels and
drums, using equipment such as forklifts, pallets and racks. They are not specialized in the handling of a particular
type of good.
493110 General warehousing and storage This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating public and contract general
merchandise warehousing and storage facilities. These establishments handle goods in containers, such as boxes,
barrels and drums, using equipment such as forklifts, pallets and racks. They are not specialized in the handling of
a particular type of good.
Illustrative example(s)
• bonded warehouse, general merchandise
• public storage (except self storage)
49312 Refrigerated warehousing and storage
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating refrigerated warehousing and storage
facilities. These establishments provide public and contract warehouse and storage services, using equipment
designed to keep goods frozen or refrigerated. The services provided include blast freezing, tempering and
modified atmosphere storage, in addition to the warehousing services typically provided by establishments in this
industry group. Establishments engaged in the storage of furs for the trade are included.
493120 Refrigerated warehousing and storage
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating refrigerated warehousing and
storage facilities. These establishments provide public and contract warehouse and storage services, using
equipment designed to keep goods frozen or refrigerated. The services provided include blast freezing, tempering
and modified atmosphere storage, in addition to the warehousing services typically provided by establishments in
this industry group. Establishments engaged in the storage of furs for the trade are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• bonded cold storage warehousing
• cold storage locker service (except self storage)
• fur storage service for the trade
Exclusion(s)
• storing garments and furs for individuals (see 812320 Dry cleaning and laundry services (except
coin-operated))
49313 Farm product warehousing and storage
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating farm product warehousing and storage
facilities, except refrigerated. Grain elevators primarily engaged in storage are included.
493130 Farm product warehousing and storage
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating farm product warehousing and
storage facilities, except refrigerated. Grain elevators primarily engaged in storage are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• farm product warehousing and storage, other than cold storage
• grain elevators (storage only)
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• potato cellars
Exclusion(s)
• operating grain elevators that are not mainly for storage purposes (see 411120 Oilseed and grain
merchant wholesalers)
• operating refrigerated warehousing and storage facilities (see 493120 Refrigerated warehousing and
storage)
49319 Other warehousing and storage
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in operating
warehousing and storage facilities. These establishments operate facilities and equipment that are designed to
handle a particular type of good, for example, dead automobile storage, petroleum storage caverns and whisky
warehousing.
493190 Other warehousing and storage
This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in operating warehousing and storage facilities. These establishments operate facilities and equipment that are
designed to handle a particular type of good, for example, dead automobile storage, petroleum storage caverns and
whisky warehousing.
Illustrative example(s)
• household goods, warehousing and storage (excluding self-storage, without trucking)
• lumber terminals, storage
• oil and gasoline storage caverns (for hire)
51 Information and cultural industries
This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing and distributing (except by wholesale and
retail methods) information and cultural products. Establishments providing the means to transmit or distribute these
products or providing access to equipment and expertise for processing data are also included.
The unique characteristics of information and cultural products, and of the processes involved in their production
and distribution, distinguish this sector from the goods-producing and services-producing sectors.
The value of these products lies in their information, educational, cultural or entertainment content, not in the format
in which they are distributed. Most of these products are protected from unlawful reproduction by copyright laws.
Only those possessing the rights to these works are authorized to reproduce, alter, improve and distribute them.
Acquiring and using these rights often involves significant costs.
The intangible nature of the content of information and cultural products allows for their distribution in various forms.
For example, a movie can be shown at a movie theatre, on a television broadcast, through video on demand, or
rented at a local video store; a sound recording can be aired on radio, embedded in multi-media products or sold at
a record store; software can be bought at retail outlets or downloaded from an electronic bulletin board; a
newspaper can be purchased at a newsstand or received on-line. In addition, improvements in information
technology are revolutionizing the distribution of these products. The inclusion in this sector of telecommunications
services providers reflects the increasingly important role these establishments play in making these products
accessible to the public.
The main components of this sector are the publishing industries, the motion picture and sound recording
industries, the broadcasting industries, the telecommunications industries, and the data processing and hosting
services industries.
There are establishments engaged in culture-related activities that are classified in other sectors of NAICS. The
most important are listed as exclusions below.
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Exclusion(s)
• duplicating information or cultural products in print form, or in the form of optical or magnetic media (see
31-33 Manufacturing)
• wholesaling information and cultural products such as newspapers, books, software, videocassettes,
DVDs and sound recordings (see 41 Wholesale trade)
• retailing information and cultural products such as newspapers, books, software and sound recordings
(see 44-45 Retail trade)
• design activities (see 54 Professional, scientific and technical services)
• performing in artistic productions, and creating artistic and cultural works or productions as independent
individuals (see 71 Arts, entertainment and recreation)
• preserving and exhibiting objects, sites, and natural wonders of historical, cultural and/or educational value
(see 71 Arts, entertainment and recreation)
• producing live presentations that involve the performances of actors and actresses, singers, dancers,
musical groups and artists, and other performing artists (see 71 Arts, entertainment and recreation)
511 Publishing industries (except internet)
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in publishing newspapers, periodicals, books,
databases, software and other works. These works are characterized by the intellectual creativity required in their
development and are usually protected by copyright. Publishers distribute, or arrange for the distribution of copies
of these works.
Publishing establishments may create the works in-house, or contract for, purchase, or compile works that were
originally created by others. These works may be published in one or more formats including traditional print form,
electronic and on-line. Publishers of multimedia products, such as interactive children's books, multimedia CD-ROM
and digital video disk (DVD) reference books, and musical greeting cards are also included. Establishments in this
subsector may print, reproduce or offer direct on-line access to the works themselves or they may arrange with
others to carry out such functions.
Exclusion(s)
• publishing exclusively on Internet (see 519130 Internet publishing and broadcasting and web search
portals)
5111 Newspaper, periodical, book and directory publishers
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in publishing (or publishing and printing)
newspapers, periodicals, books, maps, directories, databases and other works, such as calendars, catalogues and
greeting cards.
Exclusion(s)
• publishing software (see 51121 Software publishers)
• publishing music (see 512230 Music publishers)
51111 Newspaper publishers
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in carrying out operations necessary for producing and
distributing newspapers, including gathering news; writing news columns, feature stories and editorials; and selling
and preparing advertisements. These establishments may publish newspapers in print or electronic form.
511110 Newspaper publishers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in carrying out operations necessary for
producing and distributing newspapers, including gathering news; writing news columns, feature stories and
editorials; and selling and preparing advertisements. These establishments may publish newspapers in print or
electronic form.
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Illustrative example(s)
• newspapers, publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
• newspapers, publishing and printing
Exclusion(s)
• printing, but not publishing, newspapers (see 32311 Printing)
• supplying information, such as news, reports and pictures, to the news media (see 519110 News
syndicates)
• publishing newspapers exclusively on Internet (see 519130 Internet publishing and broadcasting and web
search portals)
• selling media time or space for media owners (see 541840 Media representatives)
51112 Periodical publishers
This industry comprises establishments, known as magazine or periodical publishers, primarily engaged in carrying
out operations necessary for producing and distributing magazines and other periodicals, including gathering,
writing, soliciting and editing articles, and preparing and selling advertisements. Periodicals are published at regular
intervals, typically on a weekly, monthly or quarterly basis. These periodicals may be published in printed or
electronic form.
511120 Periodical publishers This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as magazine or periodical publishers, primarily engaged
in carrying out operations necessary for producing and distributing magazines and other periodicals, including
gathering, writing, soliciting and editing articles, and preparing and selling advertisements. Periodicals are published
at regular intervals, typically on a weekly, monthly or quarterly basis. These periodicals may be published in printed
or electronic form.
Illustrative example(s)
• advertising periodicals, publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
• comic books in issue format, publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
• magazine publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
• newsletters publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
• periodicals, all formats, publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
Exclusion(s)
• printing, but not publishing, periodicals (see 32311 Printing)
• publishing newspapers (see 511110 Newspaper publishers)
• publishing directories and databases (see 511140 Directory and mailing list publishers)
• publishing sheet music (see 512230 Music publishers)
• publishing periodicals exclusively on Internet (see 519130 Internet publishing and broadcasting and web
search portals)
• selling media time or space for media owners (see 541840 Media representatives)
51113 Book publishers
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in carrying out various design, editing and marketing
activities necessary for producing and distributing books of all kinds, such as text books; technical, scientific and
professional books; and mass market paperback books. These books may be published in print, audio or electronic
form.
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511130 Book publishers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in carrying out various design, editing and
marketing activities necessary for producing and distributing books of all kinds, such as text books; technical,
scientific and professional books; and mass market paperback books. These books may be published in print, audio
or electronic form.
Illustrative example(s)
• books, publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
• publishing maps, street guides and atlases (except exclusively on Internet)
• school textbooks, publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
• travel guide, publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
Exclusion(s)
• printing, but not publishing, books (see 32311 Printing)
• direct selling, but not publishing, books (e.g., book clubs) (see 454110 Electronic shopping and mail-order
houses)
• publishing music books (see 512230 Music publishers)
• publishing books exclusively on Internet (see 519130 Internet publishing and broadcasting and web search
portals)
51114 Directory and mailing list publishers
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in publishing compilations and collections of information
or facts that are logically organized to facilitate their use. These collections may be published in one or more
formats, such as print or electronic form. Electronic versions may be provided directly to customers by the
establishment or third party vendors (except exclusively on Internet).
511140 Directory and mailing list publishers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in publishing compilations and collections of
information or facts that are logically organized to facilitate their use. These collections may be published in one or
more formats, such as print or electronic form. Electronic versions may be provided directly to customers by the
establishment or third party vendors (except exclusively on Internet).
Illustrative example(s)
• address and mailing list compilers (except exclusively on Internet)
• directories, publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
• electronic database (machine readable) publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
• telephone directories, publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
Exclusion(s)
• printing, but not publishing, business directories, telephone books and similar products (see 32311
Printing)
• duplicating electronic media, such as CD-ROMs and DVDs (see 334610 Manufacturing and reproducing
magnetic and optical media)
• publishing encyclopaedias (see 511130 Book publishers)
• designing, developing and publishing computer software products (see 51121 Software publishers)
• providing on-line access to databases developed by others (see 519130 Internet publishing and
broadcasting and web search portals)
• publishing directories and mailing lists exclusively on Internet (see 519130 Internet publishing and
broadcasting and web search portals)
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51119 Other publishers
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in publishing other
works such as calendars, colouring books, greeting cards and posters.
511190 Other publishers This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in publishing other works such as calendars, colouring books, greeting cards and posters.
Illustrative example(s)
• art prints, publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
• calendars, publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
• catalogues (e.g., mail order, store and merchandise), publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
• diaries and time schedulers, publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
• greeting cards and postcards, publishing (except exclusively on Internet)
Exclusion(s)
• publishing newspapers (see 511110 Newspaper publishers)
• publishing magazines and periodicals (see 511120 Periodical publishers)
• publishing books, maps and atlases (see 511130 Book publishers)
• publishing directories and mailing lists (see 511140 Directory and mailing list publishers)
• publishing music (see 512230 Music publishers)
• publishing other works, such as calendars and greeting cards exclusively on Internet (see 519130 Internet
publishing and broadcasting and web search portals)
5112 Software publishers
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in publishing computer software, usually for
multiple clients and generally referred to as packaged software. These establishments carry out operations
necessary for producing and distributing computer software, such as designing, providing documentation, assisting
in installation and providing support services to software purchasers. They may design and publish, or publish only.
51121 Software publishers
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in publishing computer software, usually for multiple
clients and generally referred to as packaged software. These establishments carry out operations necessary for
producing and distributing computer software, such as designing, providing documentation, assisting in installation
and providing support services to software purchasers. They may design and publish, or publish only.
511211 Software publishers (except video game publishers) This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in software publishing, not including video
games. These establishments carry out operations necessary for producing and distributing computer software,
such as designing, providing documentation, assisting in installation and providing support services to software
purchasers. They may design and publish, or publish only.
Illustrative example(s)
• publishing packaged software (except video games)
• publishing packaged software (except video games), including designing and developing
Exclusion(s)
• mass duplication of software (see 334610 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical media)
• providing access to software for clients from a central host site (see 518210 Data processing, hosting, and
related services)
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• publishing software exclusively on the Internet (see 519130 Internet publishing and broadcasting and web
search portals)
• custom designing software to meet the needs of specific users (see 541514 Computer systems design and
related services (except video game design and development))
511212 Video game publishers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in video game publishing. These
establishments carry out operations necessary for producing and distributing computer video game software, such
as designing video games, providing documentation, and providing support services to video game purchasers.
They may design and publish, or publish only.
Illustrative example(s)
• video game designing and developing (with publishing)
• video game software publishing
• video game software publishing (including designing and developing)
Exclusion(s)
• mass duplication of video games (see 334610 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical
media)
• providing access to video games for clients from a central host site (see 518210 Data processing, hosting,
and related services)
• publishing video games exclusively on the Internet (see 519130 Internet publishing and broadcasting and
web search portals)
• custom designing video games to meet the needs of specific users (see 541514 Computer systems design
and related services (except video game design and development))
512 Motion picture and sound recording industries
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing and distributing video and audio
recordings or providing related services, such as post-production services, exhibition services, and motion picture
processing and developing services. Sound recording studios are also included.
Exclusion(s)
• mass duplication of pre-recorded audio and video tapes, cassettes, diskettes, DVDs and CD-ROMs (see
334610 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical media)
• wholesaling sound recordings (see 414440 Sound recording merchant wholesalers)
• wholesaling pre-recorded video cassettes and DVDs (see 414450 Video recording merchant wholesalers)
• retailing video and audio recordings (see 443146 Audio and video recordings stores)
5121 Motion picture and video industries
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing and/or distributing motion pictures,
videos, television programs or commercials; exhibiting motion pictures or providing post-production and related
services.
51211 Motion picture and video production
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing, or producing and distributing, motion
pictures, videos, television programs or commercials.
512110 Motion picture and video production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing, or producing and distributing,
motion pictures, videos, television programs or commercials.
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Illustrative example(s)
• music video production
• production of television show programs or commercials
Exclusion(s)
• mass duplication of audio and video recordings (see 334610 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and
optical media)
• distributing film and video productions only (see 512120 Motion picture and video distribution)
• providing post-production services, including motion picture laboratories (see 512190 Post-production and
other motion picture and video industries)
• videotaping special events (see 541920 Photographic services)
51212 Motion picture and video distribution
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acquiring distribution rights and distributing film and
video productions to motion picture theatres, television networks and stations, and other exhibitors.
512120 Motion picture and video distribution
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acquiring distribution rights and distributing
film and video productions to motion picture theatres, television networks and stations, and other exhibitors.
Illustrative example(s)
• film distribution agencies
• television show syndicators
Exclusion(s)
• mass duplication of audio and video recordings (see 334610 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and
optical media)
• wholesaling video recordings (see 414450 Video recording merchant wholesalers)
• retailing video recordings (see 443146 Audio and video recordings stores)
• both producing and distributing motion pictures and videos (see 512110 Motion picture and video
production)
• providing motion picture and video stock footage (via libraries) to producers, the media, multimedia and
advertising industries (see 512190 Post-production and other motion picture and video industries)
• operating film and video archives whose primary purpose is preservation (see 519122 Archives)
• renting video recordings to the general public (see 532230 Video tape and disc rental)
51213 Motion picture and video exhibition
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in exhibiting motion pictures. Establishments primarily
engaged in providing occasional motion picture exhibition services, such as those provided during film festivals, are
also included.
512130 Motion picture and video exhibition This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in exhibiting motion pictures. Establishments
primarily engaged in providing occasional motion picture exhibition services, such as those provided during film
festivals, are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• cinemas
• festivals, film, with or without facilities
• motion picture theatres, drive-ins
• motion picture theatres, indoor
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51219 Post-production and other motion picture and video industries
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing
post-production services and services to the motion picture and video industries. This may include specialized
motion picture or video post-production services, such as editing, film/tape transferring, subtitling, creating credits,
closed captioning, and producing computer graphics, animation and special effects, as well as developing and
processing motion picture films.
512190 Post-production and other motion picture and video industries This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in providing post-production services and services to the motion picture and video industries. This may include
specialized motion picture or video post-production services, such as editing, film/tape transferring, subtitling,
creating credits, closed captioning, and producing computer graphics, animation and special effects, as well as
developing and processing motion picture films.
Illustrative example(s)
• closed captioning service, film or tape
• developing and printing of commercial motion picture film
• editing motion picture films, video or television tape
• film, video and tape transfer service
• motion picture booking agencies
• motion picture film, television tape and video processing, editing, titling and sub-titling
• special effects for motion picture, post production
• stock footage, film libraries
• teleproduction services
Exclusion(s)
• mass duplication video recordings (see 334610 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical
media)
• providing audio services in a sound recording studio for film, television, and video productions (see 512240
Sound recording studios)
• operating film and video archives whose primary purpose is preservation (see 519122 Archives)
• renting studio equipment (see 532490 Other commercial and industrial machinery and equipment rental
and leasing)
• casting actors and actresses with production companies (see 561310 Employment placement agencies
and executive search services)
5122 Sound recording industries
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing and distributing music recordings,
publishing music, or providing sound recording and related services.
Exclusion(s)
• mass duplication of sound recordings (see 334610 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical
media)
• wholesaling sound recordings (see 414440 Sound recording merchant wholesalers)
• musical groups and artists (see 711130 Musical groups and artists)
• songwriters (see 711513 Independent writers and authors)
51221 Record production
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in record production. These establishments contract with
musical artists, and arrange and finance the production of original master recordings. They hold the copyright to the
master recording and derive most of their revenues from selling, leasing, and licensing master recordings. They do
not have their own duplication or distribution capabilities.
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512210 Record production
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in record production. These establishments
contract with musical artists, and arrange and finance the production of original master recordings. They hold the
copyright to the master recording and derive most of their revenues from selling, leasing, and licensing master
recordings. They do not have their own duplication or distribution capabilities.
Illustrative example(s)
• production of master recordings, exclusive of distribution
• publishing and reproducing audio materials in integrated facilities
• record production (except independent record producers), without duplication or distribution
• record production companies (producing only)
Exclusion(s)
• mass duplication of sound recordings (see 334610 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical
media)
• wholesaling (distribution of finished products, bought for resale, including imports) sound recordings (see
414440 Sound recording merchant wholesalers)
• releasing, promoting and distributing sound recordings (see 512220 Integrated record
production/distribution)
• promoting and authorizing the use of musical works in various media (see 512230 Music publishers)
• providing facilities and technical expertise for recording musical performances (see 512240 Sound
recording studios)
• managing artist careers (see 711410 Agents and managers for artists, athletes, entertainers and other
public figures)
• independent record producers hired on contract (see 711512 Independent actors, comedians and
performers)
51222 Integrated record production/distribution
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in releasing, promoting and distributing sound
recordings. These establishments manufacture or arrange for the manufacture of recordings, and promote and
distribute these products to wholesalers, retailers or directly to the public. They produce master recordings
themselves, or obtain reproduction and/or distribution rights to master recordings produced by record production
companies or other integrated record companies.
512220 Integrated record production/distribution
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in releasing, promoting and distributing sound
recordings. These establishments manufacture or arrange for the manufacture of recordings, and promote and
distribute these products to wholesalers, retailers or directly to the public. They produce master recordings
themselves, or obtain reproduction and/or distribution rights to master recordings produced by record production
companies or other integrated record companies.
Illustrative example(s)
• audio recordings, integrated manufacture, release and distribution
• sound recordings, integrated production, reproduction, release and distribution
Exclusion(s)
• mass duplication of sound recordings (see 334610 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical
media)
• wholesaling (distribution of finished products, bought for resale, including imports) sound recordings (see
414440 Sound recording merchant wholesalers)
• record production, including contracting with musical artists, arranging and financing the production of
original master recordings, and marketing the reproduction rights (see 512210 Record production)
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• providing facilities and technical expertise for recording musical performances (see 512240 Sound
recording studios)
51223 Music publishers
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acquiring and registering copyrights in musical
compositions, in accordance with the law, and promoting and authorizing the use of these compositions in
recordings, on radio and television, in motion pictures, live performances, print, multimedia or other media. These
establishments represent the interests of songwriters or other owners of musical compositions in generating
revenues from the use of such works, generally through licensing agreements. They may own the copyrights or act
as administrators of the music copyrights on behalf of copyright owners.
512230 Music publishers
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acquiring and registering copyrights in
musical compositions, in accordance with the law, and promoting and authorizing the use of these compositions in
recordings, on radio and television, in motion pictures, live performances, print, multimedia or other media. These
establishments represent the interests of songwriters or other owners of musical compositions in generating
revenues from the use of such works, generally through licensing agreements. They may own the copyrights or act
as administrators of the music copyrights on behalf of copyright owners.
Illustrative example(s)
• music copyright buying and licensing
• sheet music publishing
Exclusion(s)
• songwriters who act as their own publishers (see 711513 Independent writers and authors)
51224 Sound recording studios
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing the facilities and technical expertise for
sound recording in a studio, and audio production and post-production services for film, television and video. These
establishments do not hold the copyrights to the sound recordings produced in their facilities.
512240 Sound recording studios
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing the facilities and technical
expertise for sound recording in a studio, and audio production and post-production services for film, television and
video. These establishments do not hold the copyrights to the sound recordings produced in their facilities.
Illustrative example(s)
• music studio recording services
• sound recording studios (except combined with production and distribution)
• sound recording studios (except integrated record company)
Exclusion(s)
• mass duplication of sound recordings (see 334610 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical
media)
• record production, including contracting with musical artists, arranging and financing the production of
original master recordings, and marketing the reproduction rights (see 512210 Record production)
• releasing, promoting and distributing sound recordings (see 512220 Integrated record
production/distribution)
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51229 Other sound recording industries
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing sound
recording services.
512290 Other sound recording industries
This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in providing sound recording services.
Illustrative example(s)
• recording of books on tape or disc (except publishing)
Exclusion(s)
• mass duplication of sound recordings (see 334610 Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical
media)
• wholesaling (distribution of finished products, bought for resale, including imports) sound recordings (see
414440 Sound recording merchant wholesalers)
• record production, including contracting with musical artists, arranging and financing the production of
original master recordings, and marketing the reproduction rights (see 512210 Record production)
• releasing, promoting and distributing sound recordings (see 512220 Integrated record
production/distribution)
• promoting and authorizing the use of musical works in various media (see 512230 Music publishers)
• providing facilities and technical expertise for recording musical performances (see 512240 Sound
recording studios)
• organizing and promoting the presentation of performing arts productions (see 7113 Promoters
(presenters) of performing arts, sports and similar events)
• managing artist careers (see 711410 Agents and managers for artists, athletes, entertainers and other
public figures)
515 Broadcasting (except internet)
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating radio and television broadcasting studios
and facilities.
Exclusion(s)
• operating telecommunications networks (see 517 Telecommunications)
• broadcasting exclusively on the Internet (see 519 Other information services)
5151 Radio and television broadcasting
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating broadcasting studios and facilities for
the transmission of a variety of radio and television broadcasts, including entertainment, news, talk shows and other
programs. These establishments produce, purchase and schedule programs; and generate revenues from the sale
of air time to advertisers, from donations and subsidies, or from the sale of programs.
Exclusion(s)
• broadcasting television programs in a defined and limited format via operators of cable and satellite
distribution systems (see 515210 Pay and specialty television)
• delivering programs to subscribers by cable or satellite systems (see 517112 Cable and other program
distribution)
• broadcasting exclusively on the Internet (see 519130 Internet publishing and broadcasting and web search
portals)
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51511 Radio broadcasting
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating broadcasting studios and facilities for the
production and transmission of radio programs to its affiliates or the public. The radio broadcasts may include
entertainment, news, talk shows and other programs.
515110 Radio broadcasting This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating broadcasting studios and facilities
for the production and transmission of radio programs to its affiliates or the public. The radio broadcasts may
include entertainment, news, talk shows and other programs.
Illustrative example(s)
• broadcasting stations, radio
• radio broadcasting network services
51512 Television broadcasting
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating broadcasting studios and facilities for the
production, and over-the-air transmission to the public, of a variety of television programs. Programming may
originate in their own studios, from an affiliated network or from external sources.
515120 Television broadcasting
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating broadcasting studios and facilities
for the production, and over-the-air transmission to the public, of a variety of television programs. Programming may
originate in their own studios, from an affiliated network or from external sources.
Illustrative example(s)
• public broadcasting television
• television broadcasting network services
• television broadcasting stations
Exclusion(s)
• producing television programs without broadcasting (see 512110 Motion picture and video production)
• broadcasting television programs in a defined and limited format via operators of cable or satellite
distribution systems (see 515210 Pay and specialty television)
• delivering programs to subscribers by cable or satellite systems (see 517112 Cable and other program
distribution)
• broadcasting television programs exclusively on the Internet (see 519130 Internet publishing and
broadcasting and web search portals)
5152 Pay and specialty television
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in broadcasting television programs, in a defined
and limited format, such as family and youth-oriented, news, feature films, music, health, sports, religion, weather,
travel and educational programming. These establishments may produce programs in their own broadcasting
studios or they may acquire programming from external sources. The programming is delivered to subscribers by
operators of cable or satellite distribution systems.
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51521 Pay and specialty television
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in broadcasting television programs, in a defined and
limited format, such as family and youth-oriented, news, feature films, music, health, sports, religion, weather, travel
and educational programming. These establishments may produce programs in their own broadcasting studios or
they may acquire programming from external sources. The programming is delivered to subscribers by operators of
cable or satellite distribution systems.
515210 Pay and specialty television
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in broadcasting television programs, in a
defined and limited format, such as family and youth-oriented, news, feature films, music, health, sports, religion,
weather, travel and educational programming. These establishments may produce programs in their own
broadcasting studios or they may acquire programming from external sources. The programming is delivered to
subscribers by operators of cable or satellite distribution systems.
Illustrative example(s)
• specialty television (e.g., music, sports, news) channels
Exclusion(s)
• producing programs for television without broadcasting (see 512110 Motion picture and video production)
• delivering programs to subscribers by cable or satellite systems (see 517112 Cable and other program
distribution)
• broadcasting television programs in a defined and limited format exclusively on the Internet (see 519130
Internet publishing and broadcasting and web search portals)
517 Telecommunications
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and/or video
entertainment services over their own networks, or over networks operated by others. The establishments of this
subsector are grouped into industries on the basis of the nature of services provided (fixed or mobile), the type of
network used to deliver those services (wireline or wireless), and the business model they employ (facilities-based
or resale).
Exclusion(s)
• installation and maintenance of broadcasting and telecommunications systems by independent contractors
(see 23 Construction)
5171 Wired telecommunications carriers
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and/or video
entertainment services to their customer premises over network facilities operated by them. These establishments
can own a network, lease a network or combine leased and owned facilities and their networks can integrate
various technologies.
51711 Wired telecommunications carriers
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and/or video
entertainment services to their customer premises over network facilities operated by them. These establishments
can own a network, lease a network or combine leased and owned facilities; and their networks can integrate
various technologies.
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517111 Wired telecommunications carriers (except cable) This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and video
entertainment services primarily by copper twisted pair links. These establishments are generally known as
telephone companies, incumbent local exchange carriers (ILECs) and facilities-based competitive service providers
and they often provide a full range of telecommunication services to residential, business and wholesale customers.
Establishments providing a similar range of services through a co-axial-based network are classified in 517112
Cable and other program distribution.
Illustrative example(s)
• broadband Internet service providers (ISPs), digital access line (DAL), wired telecommunications
• facilities-based telecommunication carrier (except wireless and cable operators), wired
telecommunications
• incumbent local exchange carriers (ILECs), wired telecommunications
• Internet service provider (ISP), facilities-based (except cable), wired telecommunications
• local telephone carrier (except wireless and cable operators), wired telecommunications
• long-distance telephone carrier, facilities-based, wired telecommunications
• telephone companies, wired telecommunications
Exclusion(s)
• installing and maintaining wired systems on contract (see 238210 Electrical contractors and other wiring
installation contractors)
• providing telecommunications and/or video entertainment services to mobile telecommunication devices
over network facilities operated by them (see 517210 Wireless telecommunications carriers (except
satellite))
• providing access to satellite telecommunications facilities to telecommunications carriers and business
users (see 517410 Satellite telecommunications)
• providing telecommunications services to customer premises or mobile telecommunication devices over
network facilities operated by others on a re-sale basis or over a high speed Internet connection provided
by others (see 517910 Other telecommunications)
• operating coin-operated pay telephones (see 812990 All other personal services)
517112 Cable and other program distribution This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and video
entertainment on networks originally designed for the distribution of television channels. These establishments are
generally known as cable, satellite and wireless cable television operators. They operate co-axial based distribution
network, satellite-based distribution networks and fixed wireless-based distribution networks and they primarily
serve the residential market. They can offer a range of telecommunications and video entertainment services or
specialize in the latter. Establishments providing a similar range of services through a copper twisted pair based
network are classified in 517111 Wired telecommunications carriers (except cable).
Illustrative example(s)
• broadband Internet service providers (ISPs), cable, wired telecommunications
• cable television providers, wired telecommunications
• Internet service provider (ISP), cable, wired telecommunications
• voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) services providers, cable, wired telecommunications
• wireless cable television operators
Exclusion(s)
• installing and maintaining cable systems by independent contractors (see 238210 Electrical contractors
and other wiring installation contractors)
• broadcasting radio programs in a defined and limited format via operators of cable or satellite radio
networks (see 515110 Radio broadcasting)
• broadcasting television programs in a defined and limited format via operators of cable or satellite
distribution systems (see 515210 Pay and specialty television)
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• providing telecommunications and/or video entertainment services to mobile telecommunication devices
over network facilities operated by them (see 517210 Wireless telecommunications carriers (except
satellite))
• providing access to satellite telecommunications facilities to telecommunications carriers and business
users (see 517410 Satellite telecommunications)
• providing telecommunications services over network facilities operated by others (see 517910 Other
telecommunications)
5172 Wireless telecommunications carriers (except satellite)
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and/or video
entertainment services to mobile telecommunication devices over network facilities operated by them. These
establishments can own a network, lease a network or combine leased and owned facilities.
51721 Wireless telecommunications carriers (except satellite)
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and/or video
entertainment services to mobile telecommunication devices over network facilities operated by them. These
establishments can own a network, lease a network or combine leased and owned facilities.
517210 Wireless telecommunications carriers (except satellite) This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and/or video
entertainment services to mobile telecommunication devices over network facilities operated by them. These
establishments can own a network, lease a network or combine leased and owned facilities.
Illustrative example(s)
• cellular telephone services, wireless
• mobile data services
• mobile Internet service
• paging services
• personal communication services (PCS) (i.e., communications carriers)
• ship-to-shore broadcasting communications carriers
• wireless telephone communications carriers
• wireless video service
Exclusion(s)
• providing fixed telecommunications or video entertainment services using fixed wireless facilities (see
517112 Cable and other program distribution)
• providing access to satellite telecommunications facilities to telecommunications carriers and business
users (see 517410 Satellite telecommunications)
• providing telecommunications and/or video entertainment services to mobile telecommunication devices
over network facilities operated by others (mobile virtual network operators) (see 517910 Other
telecommunications)
5174 Satellite telecommunications
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing mobile and fixed telecommunications
services over satellite network facilities operated by them or by distributing the services of other satellite network
operators. These establishments typically serve a business clientele (telecommunication carriers, private business
networks, broadcasters) but can also provide services to individual customers that are beyond the reach of
terrestrial networks (e.g., high speed Internet).
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51741 Satellite telecommunications
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing mobile and fixed telecommunications
services over satellite network facilities operated by them or by distributing the services of other satellite network
operators. These establishments typically serve a business clientele (telecommunication carriers, private business
networks, broadcasters) but can also provide services to individual customers that are beyond the reach of
terrestrial networks (e.g., high speed Internet).
517410 Satellite telecommunications
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing mobile and fixed
telecommunications services over satellite network facilities operated by them or by distributing the services of
other satellite network operators. These establishments typically serve a business clientele (telecommunication
carriers, private business networks, broadcasters) but can also provide services to individual customers that are
beyond the reach of terrestrial networks (e.g., high speed Internet).
Illustrative example(s)
• satellite service resellers
• satellite telephone services
• very small aperture terminal (VSAT) services
Exclusion(s)
• distributing radio programs on a subscription basis by satellite (see 515110 Radio broadcasting)
• delivering television and radio programs to subscribers by a direct-to-home (DTH) satellite system (see
517112 Cable and other program distribution)
• broadcasting radio or television programs exclusively on Internet (see 519130 Internet publishing and
broadcasting and web search portals)
5179 Other telecommunications
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and/or video
entertainment services over network facilities operated by others and establishments primarily engaged in operating
telecommunications networks or providing telecommunication services not elsewhere classified.
51791 Other telecommunications
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and/or video
entertainment services over network facilities operated by others and establishments primarily engaged in operating
telecommunications networks or providing telecommunication services not elsewhere classified.
517910 Other telecommunications
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing telecommunications and/or video
entertainment services over network facilities operated by others and establishments primarily engaged in operating
telecommunications networks or providing telecommunication services not elsewhere classified.
Illustrative example(s)
• Internet service provider (ISP) providing services via client-supplied telecommunications connections
• Internet service provider (ISP), independent
• long distance telecommunication resellers
• microwave communications resellers
• non-facilities based Internet service provider (ISP)
• reselling dial-up or broadband Internet service provider (ISP) services
• satellite tracking stations
• telecommunication resellers
• voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) services, access-independent (non-managed)
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Exclusion(s)
• providing telecommunications and/or video entertainment services to their customer premises over
network facilities operated by them (see 51711 Wired telecommunications carriers)
• providing telecommunications and/or video entertainment services to mobile telecommunication devices
over network facilities operated by them (see 517210 Wireless telecommunications carriers (except
satellite))
• providing mobile and fixed telecommunications services over satellite network facilities operated by them
or by distributing the services of other satellite network operators (see 517410 Satellite
telecommunications)
• providing expert advice in the field of information technology or in integrating communication and computer
systems (see 541514 Computer systems design and related services (except video game design and
development))
518 Data processing, hosting, and related services
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing the infrastructure for data processing,
hosting, and related services.
5182 Data processing, hosting, and related services
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing the infrastructure for data processing,
hosting, and related services.
51821 Data processing, hosting, and related services
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing hosting or data processing services. Hosting
establishments may provide specialized hosting activities, such as web hosting, video and audio streaming
services, application hosting, application service provisioning, or may provide general time-share mainframe
facilities to clients. Data processing establishments may provide complete processing and preparation of reports
from data supplied by the customer; specialized services, such as automated data entry; or they may make data
processing resources available to clients on an hourly or time-sharing basis.
518210 Data processing, hosting, and related services
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing hosting or data processing
services. Hosting establishments may provide specialized hosting activities, such as web hosting, video and audio
streaming services, application hosting, application service provisioning, or may provide general time-share
mainframe facilities to clients. Data processing establishments may provide complete processing and preparation of
reports from data supplied by the customer; specialized services, such as automated data entry; or they may make
data processing resources available to clients on an hourly or time-sharing basis.
Illustrative example(s)
• automated data processing, computer services
• computer time-sharing services
• optical scanning data services
• video and audio streaming services
• web hosting
Exclusion(s)
• processing financial transactions (see 52232 Financial transactions processing, reserve and clearing
house activities)
• computer facilities management (see 541514 Computer systems design and related services (except
video game design and development))
• providing data keying, text processing or desktop publishing (see 561410 Document preparation services)
• providing access to microcomputers and office equipment from a retail location (see 561430 Business
service centres)
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519 Other information services
This subsector comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing other
information services. The main components are news syndicates, libraries and archives, Internet publishing and
broadcasting, and web search portals.
5191 Other information services
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing
other information services. The main components are news syndicates, libraries and archives, Internet publishing
and broadcasting, and web search portals.
51911 News syndicates
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in supplying information, such as news reports, articles,
pictures and features to the news media.
519110 News syndicates
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in supplying information, such as news
reports, articles, pictures and features to the news media.
Illustrative example(s)
• press service (news syndicate)
Exclusion(s)
• independent correspondents and freelance news journalists (see 711513 Independent writers and authors)
51912 Libraries and archives
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing library or archive services. These
establishments maintain collections of documents (such as books, journals, newspapers and music) and facilitate
the use of such documents (regardless of its physical form and characteristics) as are required to meet the
informational, research, educational or recreational needs of their users. They may also acquire, research, store,
and make accessible to the public, original historical documents, photographs, maps, audio material, audio-visual
material and other archival materials of historical interest. Cinematheques, videotheques and other film and video
archives, whose primary purpose is the preservation of archival audio-visual material, are included. All or portions of
these collections may be accessible electronically.
Exclusion(s)
• providing motion picture and video stock footage (via libraries) to producers, the media, multimedia and
advertising industries (see 512190 Post-production and other motion picture and video industries)
519121 Libraries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in maintaining collections and facilitating the
use of such documents (regardless of its physical form and characteristics) as are required to meet the
informational, research, educational or recreational needs of their users.
Illustrative example(s)
• bookmobiles
• libraries (e.g., reference, lending, public)
• libraries (except motion picture and video tape stock footage)
Exclusion(s)
• retailing books (see 451310 Book stores and news dealers)
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• providing motion picture and video stock footage (via libraries) to producers, the media, multimedia and
advertising industries (see 512190 Post-production and other motion picture and video industries)
519122 Archives This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acquiring, researching, storing, and making
accessible to the public, original historical documents, photographs, maps, audio or audio-visual material, and other
archival materials of historical interest. Cinematheques, videotheques, and other film and video archives whose
primary purpose is the preservation of archival audio-visual material, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• centres for documentation (i.e., archives)
• film archives
• video archives
Exclusion(s)
• providing motion picture and video stock footage (via libraries) to producers, the media, multimedia and
advertising industries (see 512190 Post-production and other motion picture and video industries)
51913 Internet publishing and broadcasting, and web search portals
This industry comprises establishments exclusively engaged in publishing and/or broadcasting content on the
Internet or operating web sites, known as web search portals, that use a search engine to generate and maintain
extensive databases of Internet addresses and content in an easily searchable format. The Internet publishing and
broadcasting establishments in this industry provide textual, audio, and/or video content of general or specific
interest. These establishments do not provide traditional (non-Internet) versions of the content that they publish or
broadcast. Establishments known as web search portals often provide additional Internet services, such as e-mail,
connections to other web sites, auctions, news, and other limited content, and serve as a home base for Internet
users.
519130 Internet publishing and broadcasting and web search portals
This Canadian industry comprises establishments exclusively engaged in publishing and/or broadcasting content on
the Internet or operating web sites, known as web search portals, that use a search engine to generate and
maintain extensive databases of Internet addresses and content in an easily searchable format. The Internet
publishing and broadcasting establishments in this industry provide textual, audio, and/or video content of general
or specific interest. These establishments do not provide traditional (non-Internet) versions of the content that they
publish or broadcast. Establishments known as web search portals often provide additional Internet services, such
as e-mail, connections to other web sites, auctions, news, and other limited content, and serve as a home base for
Internet users.
Illustrative example(s)
• book publishing exclusively on Internet (e.g., almanacs, atlases, dictionaries, encyclopedia, fiction)
• directory publishing, exclusively on Internet (e.g., telephone, business)
• game sites (exclusively on Internet), operating
• Internet broadcasting (e.g., television, video)
• Internet search portal and web sites, operating
• periodical, journal and magazine publishing, exclusively on Internet (e.g., medical, newsletter, newspaper,
professional, religious, scientific)
• publishing maps and street guides (exclusively on Internet)
• software publishing (exclusively on Internet)
• web broadcasting
• web search portals, operating
Exclusion(s)
• retailing new and used goods using the Internet (see 44-45 Retail trade)
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• providing Internet publishing and other print or electronic editions; offering direct on-line access to
information that they publish or compile (see 511 Publishing industries (except internet))
• publishing databases (see 511140 Directory and mailing list publishers)
• traditional or combined broadcasting (see 515 Broadcasting (except internet))
• providing Internet access (see 517 Telecommunications)
• developing databases for the purpose of credit reporting (see 56145 Credit bureaus)
51919 All other information services
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing
information services, including telephone-based information recordings or searching and retrieving information on a
contract basis.
519190 All other information services
This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in providing information services, including telephone-based information recordings or searching and retrieving
information on a contract basis.
Illustrative example(s)
• news and press clipping service
• stock photo agencies or libraries
52 Finance and insurance
This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in financial transactions (that is, transactions involving the
creation, liquidation, or change in ownership of financial assets) or in facilitating financial transactions. Included are:
* establishments that are primarily engaged in financial intermediation. They raise funds by taking deposits and/or
issuing securities, and, in the process, incur liabilities, which they use to acquire financial assets by making loans
and/or purchasing securities. Putting themselves at risk, they channel funds from lenders to borrowers and
transform or repackage the funds with respect to maturity, scale and risk.
* establishments that are primarily engaged in the pooling of risk by underwriting annuities and insurance. They
collect fees (insurance premiums or annuity considerations), build up reserves, invest those reserves and make
contractual payments. Fees are based on the expected incidence of the insured risk and the expected return on
investment.
521 Monetary authorities - central bank
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing central banking functions, such as
issuing currency (paper money); managing the nation's money supply and international reserves; overseeing
payment, clearing and settlement systems; holding deposits that represent the reserves of other banks and
institutions; and acting as fiscal agent for the federal government.
The institutional arrangements for performing these functions and for conducting monetary policy may differ among
the countries. In Canada, these functions are performed by the Bank of Canada, in Mexico by the Bank of Mexico,
and in the United States by the Federal Reserve Banks and their branches.
5211 Monetary authorities - central bank
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing central banking functions, such as
issuing currency (paper money); managing the nation's money supply and international reserves; overseeing
payment, clearing and settlement systems; holding deposits that represent the reserves of other banks and
institutions; and acting as fiscal agent for the federal government.
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The institutional arrangements for performing these functions and for conducting monetary policy may differ among
the countries. In Canada, these functions are performed by the Bank of Canada, in Mexico by the Bank of Mexico,
and in the United States by the Federal Reserve Banks and their branches.
52111 Monetary authorities - central bank
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing central banking functions, such as issuing
currency (paper money); managing the nation's money supply and international reserves; overseeing payment,
clearing and settlement systems; holding deposits that represent the reserves of other banks and institutions; and
acting as fiscal agent for the federal government.
The institutional arrangements for performing these functions and for conducting monetary policy may differ among
the countries. In Canada, these functions are performed by the Bank of Canada, in Mexico by the Bank of Mexico,
and in the United States by the Federal Reserve Banks and their branches.
521110 Monetary authorities - central bank
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing central banking functions, such
as issuing currency (paper money); managing the nation's money supply and international reserves; overseeing
payment, clearing and settlement systems; holding deposits that represent the reserves of other banks and
institutions; and acting as fiscal agent for the federal government.
Illustrative example(s)
• Bank of Canada
522 Credit intermediation and related activities
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in lending funds raised from depositors or by issuing
debt securities and establishments that facilitate the lending of funds or issuance of credit by engaging in such
activities as mortgage and loan brokerage, clearinghouse and reserve services, and cheque-cashing services.
5221 Depository credit intermediation This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in accepting deposits and lending funds. Deposits
are the principal source of funds loaned.
52211 Banking This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in accepting deposits and issuing loans. Examples of
establishments in this industry are establishments of chartered banks, trust companies and deposit-accepting
mortgage companies that are primarily engaged in accepting deposits and issuing loans.
522111 Personal and commercial banking industry This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in accepting deposits from, and issuing loans
to, persons or small- and medium-sized businesses. Establishments of chartered banks, trust companies and
deposit-accepting mortgage companies that are primarily engaged in these activities are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• branches of chartered banks providing personal and commercial banking services
• branches of trust companies providing personal and commercial banking services
• deposit-accepting mortgage companies (except co-operative)
Exclusion(s)
• local credit unions (see 522130 Local credit unions)
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• provincial government savings establishments that channel deposits to the government rather than lending
them to customers (see 522190 Other depository credit intermediation)
522112 Corporate and institutional banking industry This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in issuing loans to large businesses,
governments or other large institutional clients, using funds primarily obtained from related personal and
commercial banking establishments. Corporate and institutional banking establishments provide deposit and other
services to their clients. Establishments of chartered banks that are primarily engaged in issuing loans to the
above-mentioned clients are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• bank and trust company branches, chartered, providing corporate and institutional banking services
• corporate and institutional banking services
Exclusion(s)
• investment banking (see 523110 Investment banking and securities dealing)
52213 Local credit unions This industry comprises establishments of local credit unions and caisses populaires primarily engaged in accepting
deposits from, and issuing loans to, members. Local credit unions raise funds from members through the sale of
shares and the acceptance of deposits.
522130 Local credit unions This Canadian industry comprises establishments of local credit unions and caisses populaires primarily engaged in
accepting deposits from, and issuing loans to, members. Local credit unions raise funds from members through the
sale of shares and the acceptance of deposits.
52219 Other depository credit intermediation This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in accepting deposits
and making loans. Provincial government savings establishments that channel deposits to the government rather
than lending them to customers are also included.
522190 Other depository credit intermediation This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in accepting deposits and making loans. Provincial government savings establishments that channel deposits to the
government rather than lending them to customers are also included.
Illustrative example(s)
• banks, private (i.e., unincorporated)
• deposit-accepting mortgage companies, co-operative
5222 Non-depository credit intermediation This industry group comprises establishments, both public (government-sponsored enterprises) and private,
primarily engaged in extending credit or lending funds raised by credit market borrowing, such as by issuing
commercial paper and other debt instruments, and by borrowing from other financial intermediaries.
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52221 Credit card issuing This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing credit sales services to business entities,
such as retailers, and to consumers by providing the funds required in return for payment of the full balance or
payments on an installment basis.
522210 Credit card issuing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing credit sales services to business
entities, such as retailers, and to consumers by providing the funds required in return for payment of the full balance
or payments on an installment basis.
Illustrative example(s)
• credit card issuing, company
52222 Sales financing This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in sales financing. Establishments primarily engaged in
providing financial leases or operating leases are also included if they are engaged in any sales financing.
Sales financing establishments lend money to consumers and businesses, for the purchase of goods and services,
using a contractual installment sales agreement, often either directly from, or through arrangements with, dealers of
the products. Examples of establishments in this industry are acceptance companies of motor vehicle
manufacturers and heavy equipment manufacturers. Establishments engaged in the purchase of installment and
credit card receivables, created as a result of retail sales to businesses and individuals, are included.
522220 Sales financing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in sales financing. Establishments primarily
engaged in providing financial leases or operating leases are also included if they are engaged in any sales
financing.
Sales financing establishments lend money to consumers and businesses, for the purchase of goods and services,
using a contractual installment sales agreement, often either directly from, or through arrangements with, dealers of
the products. Examples of establishments in this industry are acceptance companies of motor vehicle
manufacturers and heavy equipment manufacturers. Establishments engaged in the purchase of installment and
credit card receivables, created as a result of retail sales to businesses and individuals, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• acceptance companies
• automobile sales finance company
• conditional sales finance companies
• leasing, in combination with sales financing
• sales finance companies
Exclusion(s)
• providing operating leases and financial leases when not engaged in any sales financing (see 532 Rental
and leasing services)
52229 Other non-depository credit intermediation This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in making cash loans
or granting credit to consumers and businesses through credit instruments other than credit cards, sales finance
agreements, or financial leases. Examples of types of lending are consumer credit, real estate credit, international
trade financing, secondary market financing, and other non-depository credit intermediation.
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522291 Consumer lending This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing unsecured cash loans to
consumers. However, some cash lending activities may be secured by a chattel mortgage enabling the lender to
take possession of the chattel in case of default. Examples of establishments in this Canadian industry are
consumer loan companies, personal finance companies and small loan companies.
Illustrative example(s)
• personal credit institutions
• personal finance and loan companies
522299 All other non-depository credit intermediation This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in providing non-depository credit, such as real estate credit, international trade financing, short-term inventory
credit and loans, working capital credit, and agricultural credit and loans. Examples of establishments in this
industry are factoring companies, pawnshops, mortgage companies and government credit agencies that make
direct loans or extend credit.
Illustrative example(s)
• factoring companies
• pawnbrokers
• secondary market financing (i.e., buying, pooling and repackaging loans for sale to others)
5223 Activities related to credit intermediation This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing services closely related to credit
intermediation, but not acting as intermediaries.
52231 Mortgage and non-mortgage loan brokers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in arranging mortgage or other loans for others on a
commission or fee basis. These establishments ordinarily do not have any continuing relationship with either
borrower or lender.
522310 Mortgage and non-mortgage loan brokers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in arranging mortgage or other loans for others
on a commission or fee basis. These establishments ordinarily do not have any continuing relationship with either
borrower or lender.
Illustrative example(s)
• mortgage and loan brokerages
• mortgage and loan brokers' or agents' offices
Exclusion(s)
• mortgage banking (see 52229 Other non-depository credit intermediation)
52232 Financial transactions processing, reserve and clearing house activities This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing financial transaction processing; reserve and
overnight advance services; cheque or other financial instrument clearing house services; credit card processing;
and electronic financial payment services. Examples of establishments in this industry are central credit unions,
automated clearing houses and electronic financial payment services.
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522321 Central credit unions This Canadian industry comprises establishments of centrals, regionals, leagues and federations primarily engaged
in providing financial transaction processing; reserve and overnight advances services; cheque or other financial
instrument clearing house services; credit card processing; electronic financial payment services; and in accepting
deposits from, and issuing loans to, members.
Illustrative example(s)
• caisses populaires, federation, league or regional (central clearing house services)
• credit unions, central, regional or league (central clearing house services)
Exclusion(s)
• data processing (see 518210 Data processing, hosting, and related services)
• cheque clearing and other transaction processing of the central bank (see 521110 Monetary authorities central bank)
• automated clearinghouses (see 522329 Other financial transactions processing and clearing house
activities)
• cheque validation service (see 522329 Other financial transactions processing and clearing house
activities)
• electronic funds transfer services (see 522329 Other financial transactions processing and clearing house
activities)
522329 Other financial transactions processing and clearing house activities This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing cheque or other financial
instrument clearing house services; credit card processing; and electronic financial payment services. Examples of
establishments in this industry are automated clearing houses and electronic financial payment services.
Illustrative example(s)
• automated clearing houses, bank or cheque (except central bank)
• automatic teller machine (ATM) network providers
• cheque validation services
• electronic funds transfer services
• financial transactions processing (except central bank)
Exclusion(s)
• data processing (see 518210 Data processing, hosting, and related services)
• cheque clearing and other transaction processing of the central bank (see 521110 Monetary authorities central bank)
52239 Other activities related to credit intermediation This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in facilitating credit
intermediation, such as cheque-cashing, money order issuance, traveller's cheque issuance and servicing loans
originated by others.
522390 Other activities related to credit intermediation This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in facilitating credit intermediation, such as cheque-cashing, money order issuance, traveller's cheque issuance and
servicing loans originated by others.
Illustrative example(s)
• cheque cashing services
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Exclusion(s)
• foreign currency exchange dealers (see 523130 Commodity contracts dealing)
523 Securities, commodity contracts, and other financial investment and related activities
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in putting capital at risk in the process of underwriting
securities issues or in making markets for securities and commodities; acting as intermediaries between buyers and
sellers of securities; providing securities and commodity exchange services (furnishing space, marketplaces, and
often facilities for the purpose of facilitating the buying and selling of stocks, stock options, bonds or commodity
contracts); facilitating the marketing of financial contracts; asset management (managing portfolios of securities);
and providing investment advice, trust, fiduciary, custody and other investment services.
5231 Securities and commodity contracts intermediation and brokerage
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in putting capital at risk in the process of
underwriting securities issues or in making markets for securities, and acting as intermediaries between buyers and
sellers of securities.
52311 Investment banking and securities dealing This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acting as principals (investors who buy or sell on their
own account), generally on a spread basis, in originating, underwriting and/or distributing issues of securities of
businesses, governments and institutions. Establishments primarily engaged in making markets (dealing or trading)
in securities are included.
523110 Investment banking and securities dealing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acting as principals (investors who buy or
sell on their own account), generally on a spread basis, in originating, underwriting and/or distributing issues of
securities of businesses, governments and institutions. Establishments primarily engaged in making markets
(dealing or trading) in securities are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• government bond underwriters
• investment banking
• securities distributing (acting as a principal in dealing securities to investors)
• securities originating (acting as a principal in dealing new securities to investors)
• underwriters, securities
Exclusion(s)
• buying or selling securities for others on a commission basis (see 523120 Securities brokerage)
52312 Securities brokerage This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying or selling securities for others on a commission
basis.
523120 Securities brokerage This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying or selling securities for others on a
commission basis.
Illustrative example(s)
• brokerages, stock
• brokers, securities
• stock brokers, offices
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Exclusion(s)
• securities dealing and underwriting (see 523110 Investment banking and securities dealing)
52313 Commodity contracts dealing This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying and selling spot or future contracts, such as
commodities, foreign currency or futures options.
523130 Commodity contracts dealing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying and selling spot or future contracts,
such as commodities, foreign currency or futures options.
Illustrative example(s)
• commodity contract trading companies (acting as a principal in dealing commodities to investors)
• commodity contracts dealing (acting as a principal in dealing commodities to investors)
• foreign currency exchange dealing (acting as a principal in dealing foreign currency to investors)
• foreign currency exchange services (selling to the public)
Exclusion(s)
• buying and selling physical commodities for resale to other than the general public (see 41 Wholesale
trade)
52314 Commodity contracts brokerage This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying and selling commodity contracts and futures
contracts for others on a commission basis.
523140 Commodity contracts brokerage This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in buying and selling commodity contracts and
futures contracts for others on a commission basis.
Illustrative example(s)
• brokers, commodity contracts, offices
• commodity contracts floor brokers
• sale of carbon credits on a fee basis
Exclusion(s)
• buying and selling physical commodities for resale to other than the general public (see 41 Wholesale
trade)
5232 Securities and commodity exchanges
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing marketplaces and mechanisms for the
purpose of facilitating the buying and selling of stocks, stock options, bonds or commodity contracts. The
establishments in this industry do not buy, sell, own or set the prices of the traded securities and/or commodities.
52321 Securities and commodity exchanges
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing marketplaces and mechanisms for the
purpose of facilitating the buying and selling of stocks, stock options, bonds or commodity contracts. The
establishments in this industry do not buy, sell, own or set the prices of the traded securities and/or commodities.
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523210 Securities and commodity exchanges
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing marketplaces and mechanisms for
the purpose of facilitating the buying and selling of stocks, stock options, bonds or commodity contracts. The
establishments in this industry do not buy, sell, own or set the prices of the traded securities and/or commodities.
Illustrative example(s)
• commodity contract exchanges
• futures commodity contract exchanges
• grain exchanges
• securities exchanges
• stock exchanges
• stock or commodities options exchanges
5239 Other financial investment activities
This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in
managing portfolios of securities and providing investment advice, trust, fiduciary, custody and other investment
services.
52391 Miscellaneous intermediation This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acting as principals in the buying and selling of
financial contracts, other than securities or commodity contracts, generally on a spread basis. Principals are
investors that buy or sell for their own account.
523910 Miscellaneous intermediation This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in acting as principals in the buying and selling
of financial contracts, other than securities or commodity contracts, generally on a spread basis. Principals are
investors that buy or sell for their own account.
Illustrative example(s)
• investment clubs
• land speculation
• oil royalty dealing (acting as principals)
• syndicates, investment
• venture capital companies
52392 Portfolio management This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in managing the portfolio assets of others on a fee or
commission basis. These establishments have the authority to make investment decisions, with fees usually based
on the size and/or overall performance of the portfolio. Examples of establishments in this industry are pension fund
managers and mutual fund managers.
523920 Portfolio management This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in managing the portfolio assets of others on a
fee or commission basis. These establishments have the authority to make investment decisions, with fees usually
based on the size and/or overall performance of the portfolio. Examples of establishments in this industry are
pension fund managers and mutual fund managers.
Illustrative example(s)
• mutual fund management companies
• pension funds, management
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Exclusion(s)
• buying and selling securities on a transaction fee basis (see 523120 Securities brokerage)
52393 Investment advice This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing investment advice to others on a fee basis,
provided that they do not also have the authority to execute trades. Establishments in this industry may
communicate their advice both directly to their clients and via printed or electronic media as part of a subscription
service. Establishments providing financial planning advice, investment counseling and investment research are
included.
523930 Investment advice This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing investment advice to others on a
fee basis, provided that they do not also have the authority to execute trades. Establishments in this industry may
communicate their advice both directly to their clients and via printed or electronic media as part of a subscription
service. Establishments providing financial planning advice, investment counseling and investment research are
included.
Illustrative example(s)
• financial investment advice services, customized, fees paid by clients
• investment advice counselling services, customized, fees paid by clients
Exclusion(s)
• establishments providing investment advice in conjunction with their primary activity, such as portfolio
management, or the sale of stocks, bonds, annuities and real estate (classified according to their primary
activity)
52399 All other financial investment activities This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing, on a
contract or fee basis, miscellaneous financial investment services, such as trust, fiduciary and custody services,
and other investment services. Establishments, such as note brokers, oil and gas lease brokers and stock transfer
agents, are included.
523990 All other financial investment activities This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in providing, on a contract or fee basis, miscellaneous financial investment services, such as trust, fiduciary and
custody services, and other investment services. Establishments, such as note brokers, oil and gas lease brokers
and stock transfer agents, are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• escrow agencies (except real estate)
• exchange clearinghouses, commodity or security
• fiduciary agencies (except real estate)
• personal investment trusts, administration by trust companies
• securities transfer agencies
• trust companies, non-depository
524 Insurance carriers and related activities
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in underwriting annuities, insurance policies and
reinsurance, and the retailing of insurance and the provision of related services to policy holders. Industries are
defined in terms of the type of risk being insured against, such as death, loss of employment due to age or
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disability, and property damage. Establishments that pool risk invest premiums to build up a portfolio of financial
assets to be used against future claims. Contributions and premiums are set on the basis of actuarial calculations of
probable payouts based on risk factors from experience tables and expected investment returns on reserves.
5241 Insurance carriers
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in underwriting annuities, insurance policies and
reinsurance. The establishments of this group invest premiums to build up a portfolio of financial assets to be used
against future claims. Contributions and premiums are set on the basis of actuarial calculations of reserves. Direct
insurance carriers that are primarily engaged in underwriting annuities and insurance policies directly to policy
holders, and reinsurance carriers that are primarily engaged in assuming all or part of the risk associated with
existing insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance carriers, are included. Industries are defined in
terms of the type of risk against which the policy holders are being insured, such as death, loss of employment due
to age or disability, and property damage.
52411 Direct life, health and medical insurance carriers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in underwriting annuities, life insurance, accidental death
and dismemberment insurance, disability income insurance and insurance for hospital, medical, dental, vision and
other health services, directly to policyholders.
524111 Direct individual life, health and medical insurance carriers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in underwriting annuities, life insurance,
accidental death and dismemberment insurance, disability income insurance and insurance for hospital, medical,
dental, vision and other health services, directly to individual policyholders.
Illustrative example(s)
• direct individual health insurance carriers
• direct individual life insurance carriers
Exclusion(s)
• reinsuring life insurance (see 524131 Life reinsurance carriers)
• reinsuring health insurance (see 524132 Accident and sickness reinsurance carriers)
• health insurance provided by provincial governments (see 912910 Other provincial and territorial public
administration)
524112 Direct group life, health and medical insurance carriers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in underwriting annuities and life insurance,
accidental death and dismemberment insurance, disability income insurance and insurance for hospital, medical,
dental, vision and other health services, directly to group policyholders.
Illustrative example(s)
• direct group health (hospital and medical plan) insurance carriers
• direct group life insurance carriers
Exclusion(s)
• reinsuring life insurance (see 524131 Life reinsurance carriers)
• reinsuring health insurance (see 524132 Accident and sickness reinsurance carriers)
• health insurance provided by provincial governments (see 912910 Other provincial and territorial public
administration)
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52412 Direct insurance (except life, health and medical) carriers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in underwriting all types of insurance (other than life,
health or medical), directly to policyholders. Examples of establishments in this industry are automobile, property
and liability insurance carriers.
524121 Direct general property and casualty insurance carriers This Canadian industry comprises establishments engaged only in underwriting a combination of automobile
insurance, property insurance and liability insurance, directly to policyholders, with no one of the three types
accounting for more than 70 percent of the nominal output. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims
plus investment income.
Illustrative example(s)
• direct property and casualty insurance carriers (combination of policies)
Exclusion(s)
• reinsuring general and other insurance (see 524139 General and other reinsurance carriers)
524122 Direct, private, automobile insurance carriers This Canadian industry comprises private establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is
derived from underwriting automobile insurance directly to policyholders. Nominal output is measured as premiums
less claims plus investment income.
Automobile insurance is often provided in a package which includes liability insurance and vehicle loss or damage
insurance. Automobile insurance includes insurance for private and commercial vehicles.
Illustrative example(s)
• direct, private, automobile insurance carriers
Exclusion(s)
• government-owned automobile insurance carriers (see 524123 Direct, public, automobile insurance
carriers)
• reinsuring automobile insurance (see 524133 Automobile reinsurance carriers)
524123 Direct, public, automobile insurance carriers This Canadian industry comprises government-owned establishments engaged in underwriting automobile
insurance directly to policyholders.
Illustrative example(s)
• government owned automobile insurance carriers
Exclusion(s)
• reinsuring automobile insurance (see 524133 Automobile reinsurance carriers)
524124 Direct property insurance carriers This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 per cent of nominal output is derived from
underwriting property insurance directly to policyholders. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus
investment income.
Property insurance provides protection for losses to buildings and contents. It may be provided in a package with
related types of protection, such as personal liability for homeowners and tenants, business-interruption insurance
and temporary accommodation costs. Property insurance includes personal and commercial insurance.
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Illustrative example(s)
• direct property insurance carriers (e.g., burglary, theft, fire, damage)
• fire insurance underwriters
Exclusion(s)
• reinsuring property insurance (see 524134 Property reinsurance carriers)
524125 Direct liability insurance carriers This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from
underwriting liability insurance directly to policyholders. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus
investment income.
Liability insurance provides protection for legal liability to others for injury, death or damage to property which may
arise in the course of carrying out occupational or personal activities. Examples of liability insurance are product
liability insurance, professional malpractice insurance and directors' liability insurance.
524129 Other direct insurance (except life, health and medical) carriers This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in underwriting insurance, other than life, health or medical, such as boiler and machinery insurance, surety
insurance, fidelity insurance and marine and aircraft insurance, directly to policyholders.
Boiler and machinery insurance provides protection against losses resulting from faulty or malfunctioning
machinery, including damage to the insured equipment as well as surrounding buildings and equipment. Surety
insurance guarantees that an individual or company will complete work that it has promised to do. Fidelity insurance
or fidelity bonds protect organizations against dishonest or fraudulent acts of their employees. Marine and aircraft
insurance provides protection for losses to vessels, cargo and liability to passengers.
Establishments primarily engaged in underwriting title insurance, guaranteeing loans and insuring deposits and
shares in depository institutions, or providing workers' compensation insurance are included.
Illustrative example(s)
• aircraft insurance
• bank deposit insurance
• boiler insurance
• fidelity insurance
• machinery and equipment insurance
• marine insurance
• share insurance
• workmen's compensation, insurance
Exclusion(s)
• general and other reinsurance (see 524139 General and other reinsurance carriers)
52413 Reinsurance carriers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in assuming all or part of the risk associated with any
type of insurance policy originally underwritten by other insurance carriers.
Exclusion(s)
• underwriting life, health or medical insurance directly to policyholders (see 52411 Direct life, health and
medical insurance carriers)
• underwriting property, automobile, and other insurance, directly to policyholders (see 52412 Direct
insurance (except life, health and medical) carriers)
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524131 Life reinsurance carriers This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from
assuming all or part of the risk associated with individual and group annuities and policies for life insurance,
accidental death and dismemberment insurance, and disability income insurance originally underwritten by other
insurance carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.
524132 Accident and sickness reinsurance carriers This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from
assuming all or part of the risk associated with insurance policies for hospital, medical, dental, vision and other
health services originally underwritten by other insurance carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less
claims plus investment income.
Illustrative example(s)
• health and accident reinsurance underwriters or carriers
524133 Automobile reinsurance carriers This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from
assuming all or part of the risk associated with automobile insurance policies originally underwritten by other
insurance carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.
524134 Property reinsurance carriers This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 percent of nominal output is derived from
assuming all or part of the risk associated with property insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance
carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.
Property insurance provides protection for losses to buildings and contents.
524135 Liability reinsurance carriers This Canadian industry comprises establishments in which more than 70 per cent of nominal output is derived from
assuming all or part of the risk associated with liability insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance
carriers. Nominal output is measured as premiums less claims plus investment income.
Liability insurance provides protection for legal liability to others for injury, death or damage to property which may
arise in the course of carrying out occupational or personal activities. Examples of liability insurance are product
liability insurance, professional malpractice insurance and directors' liability insurance.
524139 General and other reinsurance carriers This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in assuming all or part of the risk associated with insurance policies originally underwritten by other insurance
carriers.
Illustrative example(s)
• non-specialized reinsurance carriers
5242 Agencies, brokerages and other insurance related activities
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in selling insurance or providing services related to
insurance.
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52421 Insurance agencies and brokerages This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in selling insurance and pension products. The staff of
these agencies and brokerages are not employed by the insurance carriers they represent.
524210 Insurance agencies and brokerages This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in selling insurance and pension products. The
staff of these agencies and brokerages are not employed by the insurance carriers they represent.
Illustrative example(s)
• general insurance agency
• general insurance broker
52429 Other insurance related activities This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing, on a
contract or fee basis, services related to providing insurance, such as claims administration and adjusting. The staff
of these establishments are not employed by the insurance carriers they represent.
524291 Claims adjusters This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in investigating, appraising and settling
insurance claims on a contract or fee basis.
Illustrative example(s)
• appraisal of damaged cars, by independent adjusters
• insurance claim adjusters
524299 All other insurance related activities This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in providing, on a contract or fee basis, insurance services other than claims adjusting, such as claims processing,
utilization review and other administrative services to insurance carriers, employee benefit plans and self-insurance
funds.
Illustrative example(s)
• insurance advisory services
• insurance educational services
• insurance information bureaus
• insurance inspection and investigation (except claims investigation), services
• insurance professional standards services
• insurance rate making services
• medical insurance claims, processing of, contract or fee basis
Exclusion(s)
• third-party portfolio management of funds' assets (see 523920 Portfolio management)
• consulting actuaries (see 541612 Human resources consulting services)
526 Funds and other financial vehicles This subsector comprises funds, trusts and other financial vehicles organized to hold portfolio assets for the benefit
of others, such as unit holders, beneficiaries of pension funds, and investors. These entities earn interest, dividends
and other property income, but have little or no employment and no revenue from the sale of services.
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5261 Pension funds This industry group comprises funds containing net assets set aside for the purpose of meeting retirement benefit
payments of the pension plan, when they become due. Pension funds may or may not have separate legal
identities and may or may not have trustees. A pension plan is a reporting entity separate from a sponsor and the
plan participants that, by any arrangement (contractual or otherwise), establishes a program to provide retirement
income to employees. This class includes pension plans of all types, regardless of whether the fund is registered as
a separate legal identity or is administered by trustees.
52611 Pension funds This industry comprises funds containing net assets set aside for the purpose of meeting retirement benefit
payments of the pension plan, when they become due. Pension funds may or may not have separate legal
identities and may or may not have trustees. A pension plan is a reporting entity separate from a sponsor and the
plan participants that, by any arrangement (contractual or otherwise), establishes a program to provide retirement
income to employees. This class includes pension plans of all types, regardless of whether the fund is registered as
a separate legal identity or is administered by trustees.
526111 Trusteed pension funds This Canadian industry comprises funds where contributions to provide pension benefits are deposited with a
trustee who is responsible for the receipt, disbursement and investment of the funds. The trust is a fiduciary
relationship in which individuals (at least three) or a trust company hold title to the assets of the fund in accordance
with a written trust agreement for the benefit of the plan members.
526112 Non-trusteed pension funds This Canadian industry comprises funds where contributions to provide pension benefits are funded through a
contract for insurance with an authorized life insurance company or a corporate pension fund society or an
arrangement administered by the Government of Canada or by any one of the provincial governments.
Illustrative example(s)
• pension funds (except trusteed)
• segregated pension funds, of life insurance carriers
5269 Other funds and financial vehicles This industry group comprises portfolios of specialized or diversified securities and other investments held on behalf
of unit holders, shareholders or investors.
Exclusion(s)
• pension funds (see 52611 Pension funds)
52691 Open-end investment funds This industry comprises funds primarily engaged in investing in a specialized (except real estate) or a diversified
portfolio of securities and other investments on behalf of their shareholders/unit holders. Shares are offered in an
initial public offering, after which additional shares are offered continuously. Shares are redeemed at the market
price, as determined by the net asset value.
526911 Equity funds - Canadian This Canadian industry comprises funds primarily engaged in investing in common shares of Canadian companies
with the objective being investment appreciation or growth.
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526912 Equity funds - foreign This Canadian industry comprises funds primarily engaged in investing common shares of foreign companies with
the objective being investment appreciation or growth.
526913 Mortgage funds This Canadian industry comprises funds primarily engaged in investing in mortgages on property with the objective
being interest income.
526914 Money market funds This Canadian industry comprises funds primarily engaged in investing in money market instruments, short term
investments, such as treasury bills, government or government guaranteed debt, or commercial paper with the
objective being income from the change in short term interest rates. The investment may be in Canadian or foreign
instruments.
526915 Bond and income / dividend funds - Canadian This Canadian industry comprises funds primarily engaged in investing in a portfolio of Canadian debt issues or
preferred and/or common shares of Canadian companies with the objective being interest and/or dividend income.
526916 Bond and income / dividend funds - foreign This Canadian industry comprises funds primarily engaged in investing in a portfolio of foreign debt issues or
preferred and/or common shares of foreign companies with the objective being interest and/or dividend income.
526917 Balanced funds / asset allocation funds This Canadian industry comprises funds primarily engaged in investing in a portfolio that will include equity
investments, fixed income investments and money market securities. The blend will depend on the fund as well as
stock and bond trends, the objective being a balance of income and capital appreciation.
526919 Other open-ended funds This Canadian industry comprises open-end funds, not classified to other Canadian classes, which invest in futures,
precious metals, hedge funds and others.
52693 Segregated (except pension) funds This industry comprises funds that are separate investment accounts established by life insurers under the
provisions of the Canadian and British Insurance Companies Act, or the corresponding sections of the Foreign
Insurance Companies Act or a provincial act. Setting up of these funds allows life insurers' policyholders to invest in
funds that are not subject to the investment restriction in effect on the insurers' portfolio as contained in the
insurance act.
526930 Segregated (except pension) funds This Canadian industry comprises funds that are separate investment accounts established by life insurers under
the provisions of the Canadian and British Insurance Companies Act, or the corresponding sections of the Foreign
Insurance Companies Act or a provincial act. Setting up of these funds allows life insurers' policyholders to invest in
funds that are not subject to the investment restriction in effect on the insurers' portfolio as contained in the
insurance act.
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Illustrative example(s)
• segregated funds (except pension), of life insurance carriers
52698 All other funds and financial vehicles This industry comprises funds and financial vehicles, not classified to any other class, such as special purpose
trusts, closed-end funds and securitization vehicles.
526981 Securitization vehicles This Canadian industry comprises special purpose financial vehicles organized for the acquisition of pools of
receivables and the issuance of marketable fixed-income securities. These receivables are generally loans made to
persons and/or businesses, such as credit card receivables, automobile and equipment loans and leases, and
residential and commercial mortgages. These securities are broadly referred to as asset-backed securities.
Exclusion(s)
• factoring of receivables (see 522299 All other non-depository credit intermediation)
526989 All other miscellaneous funds and financial vehicles This Canadian industry comprises funds and financial vehicles, not classified to any other Canadian class, such as
special purpose trusts, closed-end funds.
Illustrative example(s)
• agency fund
• foundation funds
• mortgage investment funds (except REITs)
Exclusion(s)
• real estate investment trusts (REITs) primarily engaged in leasing real estate property are classified based
on the type of property (see 5311 Lessors of real estate)
53 Real estate and rental and leasing
This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting, leasing or otherwise allowing the use of tangible
or intangible assets. Establishments primarily engaged in managing real estate for others; selling, renting and/or
buying of real estate for others; and appraising real estate, are also included.
531 Real estate
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting and leasing real estate, managing real estate
for others, acting as intermediaries in the sale and/or rental of real estate, and appraising real estate.
Exclusion(s)
• construction and development of buildings (see 23 Construction)
• acquisition, assembly, subdivision into lots and servicing of raw land for subsequent sale to builders (see
237210 Land subdivision)
• providing short-term lodging for travellers, vacationers and others (see 721 Accommodation services)
5311 Lessors of real estate
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting and leasing real estate properties.
These establishments may operate (rent, lease, administer and maintain) their properties on own account, or they
may subcontract the operation to a third party. This industry group also includes establishments that lease real
estate from others, and sublease it to others.
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Exclusion(s)
• real estate investment trusts, primarily investing in mortgages or construction loans (see 526989 All other
miscellaneous funds and financial vehicles)
• real estate property management on behalf of property owners (see 531310 Real estate property
managers)
53111 Lessors of residential buildings and dwellings This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting and leasing residential buildings and dwellings,
such as apartments, single family homes and semi-detached or row houses. These establishments may operate
(lease, administer and maintain) their properties on own account, or they may subcontract the operation to a third
party, and they may provide additional services, such as security, maintenance, parking, and snow and trash
removal.
Exclusion(s)
• managing residential buildings on behalf of their owners (see 531310 Real estate property managers)
531111 Lessors of residential buildings and dwellings (except social housing projects) This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting and leasing residential buildings and
dwellings, except social housing projects. These establishments may operate (lease, administer and maintain) their
properties on own account, or they may subcontract the operation to a third party, and they may provide additional
services, such as security, maintenance, parking, and snow and trash removal.
Illustrative example(s)
• operators of apartment buildings
• real estate investment trusts (REITs), operating residential buildings (except social housing)
• residential hotels operators
531112 Lessors of social housing projects This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting and leasing residential buildings and
dwellings provided to low-income earners. These establishments are typically operated or funded by non-profit
government entities, but they may also be operated by private, non-profit housing corporations.
Exclusion(s)
• operating short stay emergency housing facilities (see 624220 Community housing services)
53112 Lessors of non-residential buildings (except mini-warehouses) This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in owning, or owning and operating, non-residential
buildings. These establishments may operate (lease, administer and maintain) their properties on own account, or
they may subcontract the operation to a third party, and they may provide additional services, such as security,
maintenance, parking, and snow and trash removal.
531120 Lessors of non-residential buildings (except mini-warehouses) This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in owning, or owning and operating,
non-residential buildings. These establishments may operate (lease, administer and maintain) their properties on
own account, or they may subcontract the operation to a third party, and they may provide additional services, such
as security, maintenance, parking, and snow and trash removal.
Illustrative example(s)
• auditorium rental or leasing
• concert hall operation
• convention facilities, rental only
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•
•
•
•
•
•
flea market space renting
landlords of commercial and industrial buildings
leasing non-residential buildings
real estate investment trusts (REITs), operating non-residential buildings (except mini-warehouses)
shopping centres, property operation only
stadium operating
Exclusion(s)
• warehouses engaged in goods handling activities (see 4931 Warehousing and storage)
• self-storage mini-warehouses (see 531130 Self-storage mini-warehouses)
• non-residential property managers (see 531310 Real estate property managers)
53113 Self-storage mini-warehouses This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing space for self-storage. These
establishments provide secure space (rooms, compartments, lockers, containers or outdoor space) where clients
can store and retrieve their goods.
531130 Self-storage mini-warehouses This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing space for self-storage.
These establishments provide secure space (rooms, compartments, lockers, containers or outdoor space) where
clients can store and retrieve their goods.
Illustrative example(s)
• mini-warehouse rental or leasing
• real estate investment trusts (REITs), operating self-storage and mini-warehouses
Exclusion(s)
• providing warehousing services that include the handling of client's goods (see 4931 Warehousing and
storage)
• providing coin-operated locker services (see 812990 All other personal services)
53119 Lessors of other real estate property This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in renting and
leasing real estate other than buildings.
531190 Lessors of other real estate property This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in renting and leasing real estate other than buildings.
Illustrative example(s)
• agricultural property rental
• industrial park operating
• lessors of railroad property
• mobile home park operating
• real estate investment trusts (REITs), operating real estate other than buildings
5312 Offices of real estate agents and brokers
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting, buying and selling real estate for others,
on a fee or commission basis. These establishments assist vendors by advertising and listing properties and
conducting open houses for prospective buyers, assist prospective buyers by selecting, visiting and making
purchase offers. They may also rent or lease properties on behalf of clients.
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53121 Offices of real estate agents and brokers
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting, buying and selling real estate for others, on a
fee or commission basis. These establishments assist vendors by advertising and listing properties and conducting
open houses for prospective buyers, assist prospective buyers by selecting, visiting and making purchase offers.
They may also rent or lease properties on behalf of clients.
531211 Real estate agents This Canadian industry comprises establishments, known as independent real estate sales persons that are
licensed to participate in the activities of buying and selling real estate for others, on a fee or commission basis.
These establishments assist vendors by advertising and listing properties and conducting open houses for
prospective buyers, assist prospective buyers by selecting, visiting and making purchase offers. They may also rent
or lease properties on behalf of clients. Real estate agents are obligated by contract to represent real estate brokers
and can be identified by various names such as sales representatives, sales associates and associate brokers. This
category also includes brokers that are acting in the capacity of independent real estate sales persons.
Illustrative example(s)
• sales agents, real estate
531212 Offices of real estate brokers This Canadian industry comprises establishments that are licensed or registered as real estate brokers where the
primary activity is renting, buying and selling real estate for others, on a fee or commission basis. Brokers may also
assist vendors by advertising and listing properties, conducting open houses for prospective buyers, assist
prospective buyers by selecting, visiting and making purchase offers.
Illustrative example(s)
• real estate agencies
• real estate brokers
• realty companies
Exclusion(s)
• brokers that are acting in the capacity of independent real estate sales persons (see 531211 Real estate
agents)
• providing real estate consulting services (see 531390 Other activities related to real estate)
5313 Activities related to real estate
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in activities related to real estate, such as real
estate property management, real estate appraising and real estate listing.
53131 Real estate property managers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in managing real estate properties on behalf of property
owners (on a contract or fee basis). These establishments are engaged in administrative and co-ordination
activities, such as the negotiation and approval of lease agreements, the collection of rental payments, the
administration of contracts for property services (for example, cleaning, maintenance and security) and the
preparation of accounting statements.
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531310 Real estate property managers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in managing real estate properties on behalf of
property owners (on a contract or fee basis). These establishments are engaged in administrative and co-ordination
activities, such as the negotiation and approval of lease agreements, the collection of rental payments, the
administration of contracts for property services (for example, cleaning, maintenance and security) and the
preparation of accounting statements.
Illustrative example(s)
• housing authorities, operating (managers)
• management of government buildings
• managers of commercial real estate
• managers of residential real estate
Exclusion(s)
• associations or corporations of dwelling owners engaged in the management of properties on behalf of
dues-paying members, such as condominium owners' associations (see 813990 Other membership
organizations)
53132 Offices of real estate appraisers This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in appraising the value of real estate and preparing
appraisal reports for creditors, insurance companies, courts, buyers, sellers or auctioneers.
531320 Offices of real estate appraisers This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in appraising the value of real estate and
preparing appraisal reports for creditors, insurance companies, courts, buyers, sellers or auctioneers.
Illustrative example(s)
• appraisal or evaluation services, real estate
53139 Other activities related to real estate This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in providing real
estate related services.
531390 Other activities related to real estate This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in providing real estate related services.
Illustrative example(s)
• escrow agents, real estate
• listing services, real estate
• real estate advisory and consulting services
Exclusion(s)
• offices of notaries (see 541120 Offices of notaries)
• title search offices (see 541190 Other legal services)
532 Rental and leasing services
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing tangible goods, such as
automobiles, computers, consumer goods, and industrial machinery and equipment, to customers in return for a
periodic payment.
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The subsector includes two main types of establishments:
* those that are engaged in renting consumer goods and equipment; and
* those that are engaged in leasing machinery and equipment of the kind often used for business operations.
The first type typically operates from a retail-like or store-front facility and maintains inventories of goods that are
rented for short periods of time.
The latter type typically does not operate from retail-like locations or maintain inventories, and offers longer-term
leases. These establishments work directly with clients by providing or arranging financing to enable them to
acquire the use of equipment on a lease basis; or they work with equipment vendors or dealers to support the
marketing of equipment to their customers under lease arrangements. Equipment lessors generally structure lease
contracts to meet the specialized needs of their clients and use their remarketing expertise to find other users for
previously leased equipment. Establishments that provide operating and financial leases are included in this
subsector.
Exclusion(s)
• leasing and providing loans to buyers of goods and equipment, or to vendors and dealers to finance their
inventories (see 522220 Sales financing)
• leasing real property (see 531 Real estate)
• renting or leasing equipment with operators (classified in various subsectors of NAICS depending on the
nature of the service provided)
5321 Automotive equipment rental and leasing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing vehicles, such as passenger
cars, passenger vans, trucks, truck tractors, buses, semi-trailers, utility trailers and recreational vehicles (RVs),
without drivers. These establishments generally operate from a retail-like facility; some offer only short-term rental,
others only longer-term leases, and some provide both type of services.
53211 Passenger car rental and leasing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing passenger cars without drivers.
Examples of establishments in this industry are car rental agencies and passenger car lessors.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing passenger cars through sales or lease arrangements (see 4411 Automobile dealers)
• renting or leasing passenger cars, hearses, with drivers (see 4853 Taxi and limousine service)
• leasing and providing loans to buyers of goods and equipment, or to vendors and dealers to finance their
inventories (see 522220 Sales financing)
532111 Passenger car rental This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting passenger cars without drivers,
generally for short periods of time.
Illustrative example(s)
• car rental agencies
• hearses and limousines, rental without driver
• passenger cars (e.g., automobile, minivan, sport utility vehicle (SUV)), rental without driver, generally for
short periods of time
Exclusion(s)
• renting or leasing passenger cars, hearses, with drivers (see 4853 Taxi and limousine service)
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• leasing passenger cars without drivers, generally for long periods of time (see 532112 Passenger car
leasing)
532112 Passenger car leasing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in leasing passenger cars without drivers,
generally for long periods of time.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing passenger cars through sales or lease arrangements (see 4411 Automobile dealers)
• renting or leasing passenger cars, hearses, with drivers (see 4853 Taxi and limousine service)
• leasing and providing loans to buyers of goods and equipment, or to vendors and dealers to finance their
inventories (see 522220 Sales financing)
• renting passenger cars without drivers generally for short periods of time (see 532111 Passenger car
rental)
53212 Truck, utility trailer and RV (recreational vehicle) rental and leasing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing trucks, truck tractors, buses,
semi-trailers, utility trailers and recreational vehicles (RVs), without drivers.
532120 Truck, utility trailer and RV (recreational vehicle) rental and leasing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing trucks, truck tractors,
buses, semi-trailers, utility trailers and recreational vehicles (RVs), without drivers.
Illustrative example(s)
• bus rental, without driver
• motor home rental
• rental of travel, camping, or recreational trailers
• tractor rental (truck), without drivers
• truck rental (except industrial), without drivers
Exclusion(s)
• retailing vehicles commonly referred to as RVs through sales or lease arrangements (see 441210
Recreational vehicle dealers)
• leasing and providing loans to buyers of goods and equipment, or to vendors and dealers to finance their
inventories (see 522220 Sales financing)
• renting or leasing mobile home sites (see 531190 Lessors of other real estate property)
• renting recreational goods, such as pleasure boats, canoes, motorcycles, mopeds or bicycles (see 532290
Other consumer goods rental)
• renting or leasing industrial trucks, such as forklifts, materials handling equipment, farm tractors and other
industrial equipment (see 532490 Other commercial and industrial machinery and equipment rental and
leasing)
5322 Consumer goods rental
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing personal and household
goods. These establishments generally provide short-term rental, although, in some instances, the goods may be
leased for longer periods of time. These establishments often operate from a retail-like or store-front facility.
53221 Consumer electronics and appliance rental
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting consumer electronics and appliances.
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532210 Consumer electronics and appliance rental
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting consumer electronics and
appliances.
Illustrative example(s)
• appliance rental and leasing
• rental of consumer audio-visual equipment (including rent-to-own)
• television rental and leasing
• video recorder and player rental and leasing
Exclusion(s)
• renting household furniture or party and banquet supplies (see 532290 Other consumer goods rental)
• leasing or renting computers (see 532420 Office machinery and equipment rental and leasing)
53222 Formal wear and costume rental
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting formal wear, costumes (including theatrical)
and other clothing.
532220 Formal wear and costume rental
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting formal wear, costumes (including
theatrical) and other clothing.
Exclusion(s)
• laundering and renting uniforms and other work apparel (see 812330 Linen and uniform supply)
53223 Video tape and disc rental
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting pre-recorded video tapes and discs to the
general public.
532230 Video tape and disc rental
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting pre-recorded video tapes and discs
to the general public.
Exclusion(s)
• retailing pre-recorded video tapes and discs (see 443146 Audio and video recordings stores)
• renting video recorders and players (see 532210 Consumer electronics and appliance rental)
53229 Other consumer goods rental
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in renting consumer
goods.
532290 Other consumer goods rental This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in renting consumer goods.
Illustrative example(s)
• exercise (physical fitness) equipment rental
• home health equipment, rental
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•
•
•
•
•
•
household furniture rental
musical instrument rental (e.g., piano, guitar, violins, cellos)
party supplies rental and leasing
pleasure boats rental (canoes, rowboats, sailboats)
recreation and sports equipment rental
rental of golf carts
Exclusion(s)
• retailing and renting musical instruments (see 451140 Musical instrument and supplies stores)
• renting consumer electronics and appliances (see 532210 Consumer electronics and appliance rental)
• formal wear and costume rental (see 532220 Formal wear and costume rental)
• renting pre-recorded video tapes (see 532230 Video tape and disc rental)
• renting a general line of products such as lawn and garden equipment, home repair tools, and party and
banquet equipment (see 532310 General rental centres)
• renting commercial and industrial medical equipment (see 532490 Other commercial and industrial
machinery and equipment rental and leasing)
5323 General rental centres
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting a range of consumer, commercial and
industrial equipment. These establishments typically operate from conveniently located facilities in which they
maintain inventories of goods and equipment that are rented for short periods of time. The type of equipment that
these establishments provide often includes, but is not limited to, contractors' and builders' tools and equipment,
home repair tools, lawn and garden equipment, moving equipment and supplies, and party and banquet equipment
and supplies.
53231 General rental centres
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting a range of consumer, commercial and
industrial equipment. These establishments typically operate from conveniently located facilities in which they
maintain inventories of goods and equipment that are rented for short periods of time. The type of equipment that
these establishments provide often includes, but is not limited to, contractors' and builders' tools and equipment,
home repair tools, lawn and garden equipment, moving equipment and supplies, and party and banquet equipment
and supplies.
532310 General rental centres
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting a range of consumer, commercial
and industrial equipment. These establishments typically operate from conveniently located facilities in which they
maintain inventories of goods and equipment that are rented for short periods of time. The type of equipment that
these establishments provide often includes, but is not limited to, contractors' and builders' tools and equipment,
home repair tools, lawn and garden equipment, moving equipment and supplies, and party and banquet equipment
and supplies.
Exclusion(s)
• renting personal and household goods (see 5322 Consumer goods rental)
• renting party and banquet supplies (see 532290 Other consumer goods rental)
• renting and leasing heavy construction equipment, without operator (see 532410 Construction,
transportation, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing)
5324 Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment rental and leasing
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing commercial and industrial
machinery and equipment, without operator. The types of establishments included in this industry group are
generally involved in providing capital/investment-type equipment that clients use in their business operations.
These establishments typically serve businesses and do not generally operate a retail-like or store-front facility.
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53241 Construction, transportation, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and
leasing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing heavy machinery without operator.
532410 Construction, transportation, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and
leasing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing heavy machinery without
operator.
Illustrative example(s)
• airplane rental and leasing without operator
• chartering of commercial boats without operator
• construction machinery, rental (without operator)
• oil field equipment rental and leasing
• railway car leasing (except financial)
• rental of scaffolding (including mobile platforms)
Exclusion(s)
• renting or leasing heavy equipment for forestry, with operator (see 115310 Support activities for forestry)
• renting or leasing heavy equipment for mining, with operator (see 21311 Support activities for mining, and
oil and gas extraction)
• renting or leasing heavy construction equipment, with operator (see 2389 Other specialty trade
contractors)
• renting or leasing air, rail, highway and water transportation equipment, with operator (see 48-49
Transportation and warehousing)
• leasing and providing loans to buyers of goods and equipment, or to vendors and dealers to finance their
inventories (see 522220 Sales financing)
• renting or leasing automobiles or trucks without operator (see 5321 Automotive equipment rental and
leasing)
• renting pleasure boats (see 532290 Other consumer goods rental)
53242 Office machinery and equipment rental and leasing
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing office machinery and equipment.
532420 Office machinery and equipment rental and leasing
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing office machinery and
equipment.
Exclusion(s)
• leasing and providing loans to buyers of goods and equipment, or to vendors and dealers to finance their
inventories (see 522220 Sales financing)
• renting consumer electronics and appliances (see 532210 Consumer electronics and appliance rental)
• renting or leasing residential furniture (see 532290 Other consumer goods rental)
53249 Other commercial and industrial machinery and equipment rental and leasing
This industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in renting or leasing
commercial and industrial machinery and equipment.
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532490 Other commercial and industrial machinery and equipment rental and leasing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged
in renting or leasing commercial and industrial machinery and equipment.
Illustrative example(s)
• agricultural machinery and equipment rental
• industrial machinery and equipment, rental and leasing
• materials handling machinery and equipment, rental
• medical equipment rental and leasing, commercial and industrial
• metalworking machinery and equipment rental
• motion picture equipment rental
• painting equipment rental
• theatrical equipment (except costumes), rental
Exclusion(s)
• renting or leasing agricultural machinery and equipment, with operator (see 115 Support activities for
agriculture and forestry)
• leasing and providing loans to buyers of goods and equipment, or to vendors and dealers to finance their
inventories (see 522220 Sales financing)
• renting home furniture (see 532290 Other consumer goods rental)
• renting or leasing heavy equipment without operator (see 532410 Construction, transportation, mining, and
forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing)
• renting or leasing office machinery and equipment (see 532420 Office machinery and equipment rental
and leasing)
533 Lessors of non-financial intangible assets (except copyrighted works)
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in holding non-financial intangible assets such as
patents, trademarks, brand names, and/or franchise agreements, and allowing others to use or reproduce those
assets for a fee.
5331 Lessors of non-financial intangible assets (except copyrighted works)
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in holding non-financial intangible assets such as
patents, trademarks, brand names, and/or franchise agreements, and allowing others to use or reproduce those
assets for a fee.
53311 Lessors of non-financial intangible assets (except copyrighted works)
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in holding non-financial intangible assets such as
patents, trademarks, brand names, and/or franchise agreements, and allowing others to use or reproduce those
assets for a fee.
533110 Lessors of non-financial intangible assets (except copyrighted works)
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in holding non-financial intangible assets such
as patents, trademarks, brand names, and/or franchise agreements, and allowing others to use or reproduce those
assets for a fee.
Illustrative example(s)
• brand-name owners
• franchises, selling or licensing
• intellectual property holders (except copyright)
• inventors, self-employed
• oil royalty holders
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• patent buying and licensing
• patent holders
• trademark lessors
Exclusion(s)
• reproduction and/or distribution of copyrighted works such as newspapers, periodicals, books, databases,
software and multimedia products, film and videos, and musical works (see 51 Information and cultural
industries, or 71, Arts, entertainment and recreation)
• leasing real property (see 5311 Lessors of real estate)
• leasing equipment and goods (see 532 Rental and leasing services)
54 Professional, scientific and technical services
This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in activities in which human capital is the major input.
These establishments make available the knowledge and skills of their employees, often on an assignment basis.
The individual industries of this sector are defined on the basis of the particular expertise and training of the service
provider.
The main components of this sector are legal services; accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and payroll
services; architectural, engineering and related services; specialized design services; computer systems design and
related services; management, scientific and technical consulting services; scientific research and development
services; and advertising, public relations, and related services.
The distinguishing feature of this sector is the fact that most of the industries grouped in it have production
processes that are almost wholly dependent on worker skills. In most of these industries, equipment and materials
are not of major importance. Thus, the establishments classified in this sector sell expertise. Much of the expertise
requires a university or college education, though not in every case.
Establishments primarily engaged in providing instruction and training in a wide variety of subjects and those
primarily engaged in providing health care by diagnosis and treatment are not included in this sector.
541 Professional, scientific and technical services
This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in activities in which human capital is the major input.
These establishments make available the knowledge and skills of their employees, often on an assignment basis.
The individual industries of this subsector are defined on the basis of the particular expertise and training of the
service provider.
The main components of this subsector are legal services; accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and payroll
services; architectural, engineering and related services; specialized design services; computer systems design and
related services; management, scientific and technical consulting services; scientific research and development
services; and advertising, public relations, and related services.
The distinguishing feature of this subsector is the fact that most of the industries grouped in it have production
processes that are almost wholly dependent on worker skills. In most of these industries, equipment and materials
are not of major importance. Thus, the establishments classified in this subsector sell expertise. Much of the
expertise requires a university or college education, though not in every case.
Establishments primarily engaged in providing instruction and training in a wide variety of subjects and those
primarily engaged in providing health care by diagnosis and treatment are not included in this subsector.
5411 Legal services
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing legal and paralegal services.
Examples of establishments in this industry group are offices of lawyers, offices of notaries and offices of
paralegals.
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54111 Offices of lawyers
This industry comprises offices of legal practitioners, known as lawyers, barristers and solicitors, primarily engaged
in the practice of law. These establishments may provide expertise in a range of, or specific area of law, such as
criminal law, corporate law, real estate law, family and estate law, and intellectual property law.
541110 Offices of lawyers
This Canadian industry comprises offices of legal practitioners, known as lawyers, barristers and solicitors, primarily
engaged in the practice of law. These establishments may provide expertise in a range of, or specific area of law,
such as criminal law, corporate law, real estate law, family and estate law, and intellectual property law.
Illustrative example(s)
• attorneys, private practice
• barrister and solicitor, private practice
• counsellors at law, private practice
• law offices
• lawyers, private practice
• legal aid services
• patent attorneys, private practice
Exclusion(s)
• offices of notaries (see 541120 Offices of notaries)
• offices of legal and paralegal practitioners, except offices of lawyers and notaries (see 541190 Other legal
services)
54112 Offices of notaries
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in drafting and approving legal documents, such as real
estate transactions, wills and contracts, and in receiving, indexing and storing such documents.
541120 Offices of notaries
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in drafting and approving legal documents,
such as real estate transactions, wills and contracts, and in receiving, indexing and storing such documents.
Illustrative example(s)
• notary services (Québec)
Exclusion(s)
• offices of lawyers, barristers and solicitors (see 541110 Offices of lawyers)
• offices of legal and paralegal practitioners, except offices of lawyers and notaries (see 541190 Other legal
services)
• offices of notaries public engaged in activities, such as administering oaths and taking affidavits and
depositions, and witnessing and certifying signatures on documents, but not empowered to draw up and
approve legal documents and contracts (see 541190 Other legal services)
54119 Other legal services
This industry comprises establishments of legal practitioners, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged
in providing legal and paralegal services.
541190 Other legal services This Canadian industry comprises establishments of legal practitioners, not classified to any other Canadian
industry, primarily engaged in providing legal and paralegal services.
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Illustrative example(s)
• bailiff services
• immigration consultant
• land and/or title search, service
• notaries public, private practice (outside Québec)
• paralegal services
• patent agent services (i.e., patent filing and searching services)
• process server
• settlement offices, real estate
Exclusion(s)
• offices of lawyers (see 541110 Offices of lawyers)
• notaries, private practice in Québec (see 541120 Offices of notaries)
• offices of notaries (see 541120 Offices of notaries)
5412 Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and payroll services
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in auditing accounting records; designing
accounting systems; preparing financial statements; developing budgets; preparing tax returns; processing payrolls;
bookkeeping; and billing.
54121 Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and payroll services
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in auditing accounting records; designing accounting
systems; preparing financial statements; developing budgets; preparing tax returns; processing payrolls;
bookkeeping; and billing.
541212 Offices of accountants This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing a range of accounting services,
such as the preparation of financial statements, the preparation of management accounting reports, the review and
auditing of accounting records, the development of budgets, the design of accounting systems, and the provision of
advice on matters related to accounting. These establishments may also provide related services, such as
bookkeeping services, tax return preparation services, payroll services, management consulting services and
insolvency services.
Illustrative example(s)
• accountant, professional
• certified public accountants (CPAs)
• public accountants, offices of
Exclusion(s)
• providing tax return preparation services, without also providing accounting or auditing services (see
541213 Tax preparation services)
• providing bookkeeping, billing and payroll processing services, without also providing accounting or
auditing services (see 541215 Bookkeeping, payroll and related services)
541213 Tax preparation services This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing only tax return preparation
services. These establishments do not provide accounting, bookkeeping, billing or payroll processing services.
Illustrative example(s)
• income tax return preparation or compilation services without accounting, auditing, or bookkeeping
services
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Exclusion(s)
• providing a range of accounting services (see 541212 Offices of accountants)
541215 Bookkeeping, payroll and related services This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing bookkeeping, billing or payroll
processing services. These establishments do not provide accounting services, such as the preparation of financial
statements, the preparation of management accounting reports, and the review and auditing of accounting records.
Exclusion(s)
• providing a range of accounting services (see 541212 Offices of accountants)
• providing tax return preparation services, without also providing accounting or auditing services (see
541213 Tax preparation services)
5413 Architectural, engineering and related services
This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing architectural, engineering and related
services, such as structure design, drafting, building inspection, landscape design, surveying and mapping,
laboratory and on-site testing, and interior, industrial, graphic and other specialized design services.
54131 Architectural services
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in planning and designing the construction of residential,
institutional, leisure, commercial and industrial buildings and other structures by applying knowledge of design,
construction procedures, zoning regulations, building codes and building materials.
541310 Architectural services
This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in planning and designing the construction of
residential, institutional, leisure, commercial and industrial buildings and other structures by applying knowledge of
design, construction procedures, zoning regulations, building codes and building materials.
Exclusion(s)
• both the design and construction of buildings, highways or other structures (see 23 Construction)
• design-builders (see 23 Construction)
• providing construction management services - classified by type of construction (see 23 Construction)
• planning and designing landscapes (see 541320 Landscape architectural services)
54132 Landscape architectural services
This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in planning, designing and