DEK | 54FB | Owner`s manual | DEK 54FB Owner`s manual

DEK 54FB Owner`s manual
OWNER’S MANUAL
PREMIER MARINE INC.
w w w.pontoons.com
OWNERSHIP LOG
Date
Owner
Congratulations on the purchase of your new Premier pontoon.
We have taken great care and pride in the design and construction of your new boat so that
you may enjoy it for many years to come. Please read thoroughly all materials enclosed within
your Owner’s Packet. We hope you will find the guidelines and suggestions useful.
Please take the time to verify your warranty registration on your new boat by visiting
www.pontoons.com/warranty.
Premier Marine, along with our entire dealership network, is here to provide service to you.
We are dedicated to our product and our customers. If at any time you have questions or
comments about your boat, first contact the dealership where you purchased your boat.
If you need additional service, please feel free to contact Premier.
We at Premier value you, your family and friends. Always practice safe boating while operating
your Premier boat. Do not operate your boat under the influence of alcohol or drugs and always wear
your life jackets.
Happy boating!
Premier Marine
26612 Fallbrook Avenue • P.O. Box 509 • Wyoming, MN 55092
1-800-815-6392 • 651-462-2880 • FAX: 651-462-2881 • www.pontoons.com
This manual has been compiled to help you operate your pontoon with safety and pleasure. It contains details of the craft,
the equipment supplied or fitted, its systems, and information on its operation and maintenance. Please read it carefully
and familiarize yourself with the pontoon before use.
If this is your first boat, or if you are changing to a type of craft you are not familiar with, for your own comfort and safety,
please ensure that you obtain handling and operating experience before assuming command of the pontoon. Your dealer
or yacht club will be pleased to advise you of local sea schools or competent instructors.
PLEASE KEEP THIS MANUAL IN A SECURE PLACE, AND HAND IT OVER TO THE NEW OWNER WHEN YOU SELL THE CRAFT.
Premier Marine, Inc. is a member of NMMA (National Marine Manufacturers Association) which certifies the production of boats
to comply to the recommended practices and engineering standards of the American Boat and Yacht Council and the U.S. Coast
Guard. These standards apply to all Premier boats.
Because of our policy of continuous product improvement, the illustrations used in this manual may not be the same as your boat
and are intended as representative reference views. Some controls, indicators or information may be optional and not included on
your boat.
Premier Marine, Inc.
Copyright © 2014
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1
5 UNDERWAY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1
Design Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hazard Communication Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Owner Advisory Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Protecting the Environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Boat Delivery Responsibilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transfer of Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Equipment Manufacturer Manuals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Owner Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Boating Laws and Regulations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hazard Communication Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service and Maintenance Log. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Boater’s Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fueling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading Passengers and Gear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the Engine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leaving the Dock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Boat Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accelerating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trimming. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Rules of Seamanship. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stopping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anchoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Docking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mooring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emergency Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.5
1.8
2 SAFETY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.1
Safe Boating Recommendations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Gear and Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safe Boating Practices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Carbon Monoxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lanyard Stop Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water Sports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water Sports Responsibility Code. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1
2.1
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
3 SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS. . . . . 3.1
Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instruments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Depth Gauge/Flasher. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fish Finder/Graph . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trolling Motor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Livewell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fresh Water Supply. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Refrigerator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Porta-Potti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Propane Grill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Canvas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AM/FM Marine Stereo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bilge Blower. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Beacon System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1
3.2
3.2
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.5
3.5
3.5
4 TRAILERING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1
Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hitch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Chains. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailering Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Backing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Launching Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading Your Boat on the Trailer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warnings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.2
4.2
4.3
4.3
4.4
5.1
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.4
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.7
6 CARING FOR YOUR BOAT. . . . . . . . . 6.1
Engine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aluminum Surfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastic Component Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tubes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Salt Water Use. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deck Hardware and Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Seat Coverings and Vinyl. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Canvas and Boat Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Floor Coverings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fiberglass and Composites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tube Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
7 WINTERIZATION AND STORAGE . . . . 7.1
Preparation for Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7.1
Supporting Your Boat During Storage. . . . . . . . . . . . .7.1
Recommissioning After Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7.2
8 HELPFUL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . 8.1
Boating Regulations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.1
Rules of Seamanship. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.1
Recommended Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.2
Contacts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.2
Navigational Aids. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.3
Navigational Aids Chart. . . . . . . . . . . Inside Back Cover
9 BOATING TERMINOLOGY. . . . . . . . . 9.1
1 INTRODUCTION
You have made an excellent choice by selecting a Premier Pontoon to enhance your leisure time. Premier is in the business
of creating a dream for you, whether you’re out for a day of
waterskiing, just taking a relaxing cruise, or heading out early
in the morning for a day of fishing. Your dream includes something more than just a fine boat. That’s why we’ve tucked into
our pontoons seasons of serenity, seasons of togetherness,
and seasons of fun. We’ll help you find many perfect days like
those you’ve always dreamed about.
Please take the time to read this manual before you take your
boat out for the first time. Also, read all literature supplied by
the manufacturers of the various components and accessories
used on your boat. In particular, you’ll want to become familiar
with operating your engine.
If you are a novice boater, you may not be familiar with the
terms experienced boaters use. Figure 1-1 will help you. It lists
some common terms and how they apply to a typical boat.
Before your first boating excursion, look your boat over and
become familiar with it. Find its components, gauges and
operating equipment, and learn how to use them. Your outing
will be safer and more enjoyable.
If a family member or friend operates your boat, be sure he or
she fully understands the controls and operation of the boat.
Each boat operator is responsible for ensuring the safety of the
boat’s passengers and other water users. Passengers should
also be aware that courteous, responsible riding is important.
This manual is part of your boat’s equipment. It does not
supersede or change any of the original manufacturers’ specifications, operation or maintenance instructions. Always keep
it on board. If you transfer ownership of this boat to someone
else, be sure to give this manual to the new owner and contact
Premier Marine to transfer ownership or visit www.pontoons.
com/warranty to transfer the warranty online (see 1.4).
DESIGN FEATURES
Premier pontoons are some of the finest watercraft available
in the world. They are superior in technologically advanced
engineering, maintenance, worry-free reliability and unrivaled
performance. We use the finest materials available to make sure
you have a boat that will give you years of boating satisfaction.
We take pride in our ability to combine old-world craftsmanship
with today’s computer-enhanced manufacturing.
Your boat may have two or three tubes. We feature 36-inch,
30-inch, 27-inch, 25-inch, and 23-inch tubes for better buoyancy and performance. A third tube increases buoyancy and
reduces drag.
FIGURE 1-1 TERMINOLOGY
1.1
Crossmembers are bolted to specially designed “M” brackets
welded directly to the upper portion of the tube. “M” brackets
provide greater stability and added strength for the crossmembers. Attached to the crossmembers is a specially developed
marine grade plywood or composite deck that guards against
rot, decay, insect infestation and delamination.
Immediate hazards that WILL result in
severe personal injury or death.
Our rails are anodized or powder coated for protection from
the elements. They are installed 1/4 inch (6.35 mm) above
the deck for better drainage off the deck. Specially designed,
heavy-duty braces provide extraordinary safety and add a
margin of safety for passengers.
Hazards or unsafe practices that COULD
result in severe personal injury or death.
You can be sure that the electrical system will work. We use
sealed wiring connectors below deck level designed to keep
connections tight and moisture out.
Hazards or unsafe practices that MAY result in minor
injury STATEMENTS
or product or property damage.
OWNER personal
ADVISORY
We use composite or plastic material that reduces water
retention, mold, rotting, environmental waste and pollution.
Our weather-proofed, rotation-molded furniture and our
custom-designed, patented hinges and Bimini top make the
quality of our pontoons stand out from the competition.
Advisory statements alert you to conditions that affect equipment operation, maintenance and servicing practices.
An IMPORTANT statement indicates a procedure intended
to prevent damage to equipment or associated components.
After your first outing, you will know that we built your boat
for safety and long-lasting enjoyment.
A NOTE is a general advisory statement relating to equipment operation and maintenance procedures.
HAZARD COMMUNICATION STATEMENTS
PROTECTING THE ENVIRONMENT
Three types of hazard communication statements used
throughout this manual call attention to special information
to help avoid dangerous situations and operate your boat
safely.
It’s fun to be out on the water whether you’re fishing, cruising, or just soaking up sun. Unfortunately, not all boaters are
responsible individuals, and their foolish actions often spoil
our waterways. Here are several ways you can help protect
the aquatic environment as recommended by the National
Marine Manufacturers Association. Practice them every time
you go out, and you can help assure that our waterways will
remain clean and unspoiled for years to come.
A List of Warning Labels is available from customer service.
These will be supplied free of charge as replacements for
lost, removed or damaged labels.
Watch for the safety alert symbol. It means
pay attention! Your safety is involved! Failure
to follow the recommendations in a hazard communication
statement may result in property damage, personal injury or death.
• Observe local and federal marine head rules.
• Pump out the waste holding tank (if your boat has one)
on shore or have a trained person do it for you.
• Know about and use legal bottom paints.
• Use biodegradable cleaning agents whenever possible.
• Don’t litter on or off the water. Take it home!
• Don’t over fill fuel tanks, and always clean up fuel spills.
• Watch your wake and propeller wash.
• Keep your motors finely tuned.
• When fishing, practice “Catch and Release.”
!
The signal words DANGER, WARNING and
CAUTION identify
hazards and the levels of hazard seriousness. Their selection
is based on the likely consequence of human interaction with
a hazard in terms of the probability of injury and the degree
of severity. Failure to follow the recommendations contained
in any of these statements may result in some form of personal injury. Definitions for identifying hazard levels with their
respective signal words are as follows:
!
GENERAL INFORMATION
This section of your boat manual contains important information about your Premier pontoon and general procedures to
be followed before operating it.
Capacity Plate
Your boat is certified by NMMA (National Marine Manufacturers Association). It requires the manufacturer to install a capacity plate stating the maximum load in pounds (occupants
and gear) the boat can safely carry under normal conditions,
the maximum persons capacity, and, if it is an outboard, the
1.2
boat’s maximum horsepower capacity. This applies to pontoon boats of all lengths.
BOAT DELIVERY RESPONSIBILITIES
The number of persons listed on the capacity label is calculated solely by a formula based on the displacement of the
tubes and not by safe boating practices. Boating conditions
may require fewer occupants on board than indicated on
the capacity label. Persons capacity is based on an average
weight of 141 lbs. each and, ultimately, the number of occupant positions on the boat.
When you take delivery of your boat, both you and your
dealer have specific responsibilities.
Dealer
The dealer is responsible for the following:
1. Discussing the terms of all warranties and stressing the importance of registering warranties with the appropriate manufacturers.
You, the operator, are responsible for using common sense
and sound judgment when loading your boat. Give yourself
an added margin for safety in turbulent waters. Pontoon
boats tend to remain stable under most operating conditions. Remember that overloading and improper distribution
of weight are significant causes of accidents. Keep weight
below maximum limits for safety in turbulent waters. Overloading is a violation of U.S. Coast Guard regulations.
2. Providing instruction for obtaining warranty service.
3. Going over the pre-delivery service record with you and then signing it to certify that all work has been done.
4. Providing you thorough instruction in how to operate your boat and all of its systems and components. This should include a “walk-through” demonstration on your new boat.
5. Completing the Premier Pontoon warranty registration within 10 days of purchase. The customer should receive a letter from Premier Marine with 30 days. If you do not, please contact Premier to verify warranty registration.
Do not exceed your boat’s capacity rating. An overpowered or
overloaded boat can become unstable, resulting in a loss of
control or capsizing. An overloaded boat can become hard to
handle. Overloading can also reduce freeboard and increase the
danger of flooding or swamping, particularly in rough water.
Owner
IMPORTANT: Your Premier boat warranty will be voided if
you exceed the recommended capacity horsepower or
capacity ratings.
As the owner, you are responsible for the following:
1. Signing off on the boat inspection sheet before delivery.
Hull Identification Number
2.Scheduling an appointment with your dealer to go over
all warranties. Helping the dealer complete the Premier Pontoon limited warranty registration and verifying that the dealer has registered the warranty with the factory within 10 days of the date of purchase.
Along with a capacity plate, each Premier boat has a hull
identification number. The number on your pontoon boat
is located starboard rear above the tube on the deck molding. This 12-digit or 14-digit number, which is a federal or
international requirement. For example: PMY00000A000 or
USPMY00000A000. It is used for registration, warranty and
identification.
3.Keeping a record of the hull number for future reference. The hull number is required most of the time when you must communicate with Premier Marine or your dealer.
Use the ownership log to record all ownership changes.
4.Inspecting the boat at the time of delivery to ensure that all systems and components are working properly.
The Service/Maintenance Log provides a record of maintenance work completed on your boat, the date of completion,
and the engine hour reading. This log also helps you identify
the frequency of routine maintenance work such as engine
oil changes. If you should decide to sell your boat, it demonstrates to prospective buyers that you have done a good job
of taking care of your boat.
5.Scheduling an appointment with your dealer to go over the pre-delivery engine service record. Signing this record will indicate that your dealer has explained this to you.
6.Operating all equipment in accordance with the manufac-
turer’s instructions. Reading all manuals and instructions supplied with your boat.
Education
7. Referring to your engine manual for initial motor inspection and service requirements.
Courses on boat handling and seamanship are conducted by
volunteer organizations such as the U.S. Power Squadrons,
the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary, and the American Red Cross.
These courses will sharpen your boating skills and bring you
up-to-date on current rules and regulations even if you are a
veteran boater. See Chapter 8 for more information.
8.Performing or providing for the appropriate, periodic maintenance outlined in the Owner’s Manuals and
service guides.
9.Being a safe boater. Premier Marine recommends that all boaters take safe boating courses.
1.3
WARRANTY
OWNER RESPONSIBILITIES
Your new Premier boat is backed by a limited express warranty. The complete warranty will be provided to in writing at
time of delivery. If you didn’t receive a copy you may request
one, by emailing a request with your hull ID number clearly
listed, to warranty@pontoon.com. It is important to understand
all the terms of the warranty. If you have a problem with your
boat, contact your dealer immediately to determine warranty
coverage. When you contact your dealer, please have the hull
and engine serial numbers for the items needing repair readily available. If the dealer fails to correct the problem, contact
Premier Marine within 10 days by calling 651-462-2880,
1-800-815-6392 or emailing customerservice@pontoon.com.
Boating is an enjoyable and relaxing leisure time activity. However, responsibility is also a part of boating. You are responsible for, but not limited to, the following:
• Keeping boat covered when not in use
• Registering your boat with state authorities
• Registering the Premier warranty within 10 days of date
of purchase
• Providing adequate insurance
• Obeying the rules of the road
• Maintaining and cleaning your boat and its equipment
• Acquiring and maintaining safety equipment
• Safety training of passengers and crew
• Understanding the operation of boat systems and
equipment
• Making seaworthiness/operational inspections
• Operating your boat safely
• Avoiding the use of alcohol and drugs
• Complying with environmental regulations
• Filing accident reports whenever it is necessary
If you have any questions regarding the Limited Express Warranty, you must contact Premier customer service. The warranty registration must be properly completed with Premier
Marine within ten (10) days after the purchase or delivery,
whichever is first, in order to validate the warranty.
In some cases, we may ask you to return the boat or any
part(s) to Premier’s facility in Wyoming, Minnesota, for review
and/or repair. Any costs including rigging, de-rigging, travel,
lodging, lost work, shipping, etc., will be your responsibility.
Premier Marine recommends that all boaters take safe boating courses. We also believe that boaters have one more
major responsibility—the environment. While you’re out on
the water, keep in mind the future of our waterways and the
marine life that make them their home. Do everything you
can to preserve the natural habitats we still have. Keep them
free of garbage and debris. Preserving our waterways and
habitats now can help assure the pleasure of boating for
others for years to come.
TRANSFER OF WARRANTY
The warranty transfer request from the original owner to the
second owner must be applied for within fifteen (15) days
after the second owner purchase in order to validate the warranty transfer. A copy of the Bill of Sale or Purchase Order
must accompany the warranty transfer request. The request
should come in the form of a letter or memo listing all serial,
hull ID, and model information. This information can be faxed
to 651-462-2881, mailed to P.O. Box 509, Wyoming, MN
55092, or emailed to warranty@pontoon.com. Please provide
Premier with original and second owners’ full names.
BOATING LAWS AND REGULATIONS
Boat Registration
Every boat equipped with propulsion machinery of any type
must be registered in the main state of usage. In nearly all
states, this means registration with the designated state
agency. In a few jurisdictions, the Coast Guard retains registration authority. All motorcraft not documented by the U.S.
Coast Guard must display registration numbers. Registration
numbers and validation stickers must be displayed on the
boat according to regulations. Your Premier Marine dealer
will either supply registration forms or tell you where they
may be obtained. The registration agency will issue a certificate which must be aboard when using your new boat.
EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURER MANUALS
Premier Marine purchased various equipment and components from other manufacturers and installed them on your
boat while it was being built. The suppliers of standard and
optional equipment maintain their own manufacturer’s warranty and service facilities. Record all pertinent information
for your records. Failure to register any part of your boat
could result in loss or reduction of warranty.
Most OEMs (original equipment manufacturers) have also
provided operation and maintenance manuals for your boat’s
equipment. Keep the OEM manuals with your Owner’s
Manual in a safe and accessible place. Pass them along to
the new owner if you sell your boat.
Some states and localities have limits on speed, noise and
trailer specifications. It is your responsibility to be aware
of these laws and limits and to be sure that your boat (and
trailer) complies. Consult with your local Sheriff Marine
Patrol, local Coast Guard office, or State Department of
Natural Resources.
Please note that, in some cases, information in this manual
only summarizes more detailed information in the equipment
manuals. Information in the OEM manuals takes precedence
over information in this Owner’s Manual.
Insurance
The boat owner is legally responsible for any damages or
injuries caused by the boat. In most states this is true even
if someone else is operating the boat when the accident
occurs. You should carry adequate personal liability and
1.4
property damage insurance on your boat as you do on your
automobile. You should also protect your investment by insuring your boat against physical damage or theft.
Discharge of Oil
The Federal Water Pollution Control Act prohibits the discharge of oil or oily waste into or upon the navigable waters
of the United States or the waters of the contiguous zone
(if such discharge causes a film or sheen upon or a discoloration of the surface of the water or causes a sludge or emulsion beneath the surface of the water). Violators are subject
to penalties of $5,000 or more.
Disposal of Plastics and Other Garbage
Plastic refuse dumped in the water can kill fish and marine
wildlife and can foul propellers and water intakes. Other
forms of garbage can litter beaches and make people sick.
U.S. Coast Guard regulations completely prohibit the dumping of plastic refuse or other garbage mixed with plastic
anywhere, and restrict the dumping of other forms of garbage within specified distances from shore. Proper disposal
of garbage helps protect our waterways and marine life.
Marine Sanitary Device
If your boat has a Marine Sanitation Device, it is illegal to
discharge the waste into the water in most areas. You are
responsible for being aware of and obeying all local laws
concerning waste discharge. Consult with the Coast Guard,
local marina or your dealer for information.
HAZARD COMMUNICATION LABELS
Some or all of the hazard communication labels shown below
can be found in various locations on board your boat. The labels appropriate for your boat are determined by the standard
and optional equipment actually installed on board your boat
upon delivery. Check with your dealer to find out what labels
your boat should have. If any label is missing, ask your dealer
for a free replacement. Premier has all labels available online.
Go to www.shop.pontoons.com to get replacement label.
IMPORTANT: The Purpose of these labels is to prevent accidents, injury, or death. Make sure everyone on board reads
and fully understands them! A complete list of these labels is
available from Premier Marine.
1.5
1.6
1.7
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE LOG
Date
Hour Meter Reading
Service/Repairs Performed
1.8
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE LOG
Date
Hour Meter Reading
Service/Repairs Performed
1.9
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE LOG
Date
Hour Meter Reading
Service/Repairs Performed
1.10
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE LOG
Date
Hour Meter Reading
Service/Repairs Performed
1.11
2 SAFETY
You should fully understand and become familiar with the
operating procedures and safety precautions in this manual
and the other information in the owner’s packet before you
launch your boat. Remember, “Safe boating is no accident.”
Always operate your boat with consideration, courtesy and
common sense.
•
Never allow passengers to occupy the upper deck while boat is underway. Also adhere to capacity limit of the upper deck. Overloading an upper deck will affect the boats stability and may cause injury or even death.
• Do not overload or improperly load your boat. The capacity plate
is only a guide. You must use good judgment. The capacity of your boat is reduced by turbulent water and other adverse weather conditions. This may require reduced seating in the bow. Check water and weather conditions before getting underway.
Before leaving on your boating excursion, be sure that all required safety items are on board. This includes the minimum
required equipment and additional gear needed for your
excursion. Regularly inspect all safety equipment to be sure
it is in proper operating condition. Make sure all passengers
know what safety equipment is on board, where it is, and
how to use it.
SAFETY GEAR AND EQUIPMENT
Boating safety and the safety of your passengers is YOUR
responsibility. You should fully understand all of the following
safety precautions before you launch your boat.
As the owner of the boat, you are responsible for supplying
all required safety equipment. Check state and local regulations and the U.S. Coast Guard Boating Safety at
www.uscgboating.org for information about required safety
equipment. You should also consider supplying additional
equipment recommended for your safety and that of your
passengers. A list of this equipment appears later in this
chapter.
• High speed maneuverability is limited. Sharp turns during high speed may cause loss of control.
Required Gear and Equipment
• Never operate a boat while under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Doing so is a federal offense. Make sure only qualified drivers operate your boat.
Most safety equipment required by federal regulations is
provided as standard equipment on your boat, however, you
are responsible for obtaining required safety equipment approved by the U.S. Coast Guard if it is not provided. Minimum
requirements include the following:
SAFE BOATING RECOMMENDATIONS
• Keep your boat and equipment in safe operating condition. Inspect the boat, engine(s), safety equipment and all boating gear regularly.
• Personal Flotation Devices
• Fire Extinguisher (All Premier boats are equipped with
a fire extinguisher that satisfies this requirement.)
• Visual Distress Signal
• Navigation Lights (All Premier boats are equipped with
navigation lights that satisfies this requirement.)
• Horn (All Premier boats are equipped with a horn that satisfies this requirement.)
• Be sure lifesaving and fire extinguishing equipment is on board. This equipment must meet regulatory standards, and it should be noticeable, accessible, and in safe operating condition. Your
passengers should know where this equipment is and how to
use it.
• Always keep accurate, updated navigation charts or equipment on board and available for reference and use.
PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES (PFDS)
• Before you leave shore, tell a family member, relative, friend or other responsible person ashore where you are going and when you
expect to return.
You are required by Federal Regulations to have at least one
Coast Guard approved personal flotation device (PFD) for
each person in your boat. You may not use your recreational
boat unless all your PFDs are in serviceable condition, are
readily accessible, legibly marked with the Coast Guard approval number, and are of an appropriate size (within the
weight range and chest size marked on the PFD) for each
person on board. Your PFD provides buoyancy to help keep
your head above the water and to help you remain in a satisfactory position while in the water.
• Do not allow passengers to ride on parts of your boat other than designated seating areas. All passengers should remain seated while the boat is moving.
• Understand and obey the “Rules of the Road.” Always maintain complete control of your boat.
• Do not occupy the front or back deck with feet in water while motor is running.
• Do not operate your boat in excess of 30 MPH (in normal
conditions) with Bimini top open.
Premier recommends that all persons wear Coast Guard
approved personal flotation device while on board the boat.
Make sure you check local and Federal requirements before
boarding your boat.
• Do not operate your boat at unsafe speeds in rough water
conditions.
2.1
PFD Type I, Wearable (Figure 2-1)
has the greatest required buoyancy.
Its design allows for turning most
unconscious persons in the water
from face down position to a vertical, or slightly backward, face-up
position. Type I is most effective
for all waters, especially offshore
when rescue may be delayed.
PFD Type II, Wearable
(Figure 2-2) turns its wearer in the
same way as Type I, but not as
effectively. The Type II will not turn
as many persons under the same
conditions as a Type I.
PFD Type III, Wearable
(Figure 2-3) allows the wearers to
place themselves in a vertical or
slightly backward position. It has
the same buoyancy as a Type II
PFD. It has little or no turning
ability.
PFD Type IV, Throwable
(Figure 2-4) can be thrown to a
person in the water, grasped and
held by the user until rescued. The
most common Type IV PFDs are a
buoyant cushion or ring buoy. The
throwable Type IV PFD should be
immediately available for use and
always in serviceable condition.
This PFD is required in addition to
the PFDs previously discussed.
PFD Type V, Wearable
(Figure 2-5) must be worn. When
inflated, it provides buoyancy
equivalent to Type I, II or III PFDs.
When it is deflated, it has little
buoyancy. This PFD must be used
according to the approval condition on the label and must be worn
while underway.
FIRE EXTINGUISHER
All pontoon boats must carry at least one approved portable
fire extinguisher. The extinguisher can be any one of the
following: 2-pound (0.9 kg) dry chemical, 4-pound (1.8 kg)
carbon dioxide, or 1-1/4 gallon (4.7 liter) foam extinguisher.
FIGURE 2-1 PFD TYPE I, WEARABLE
All hand portable fire extinguishers should be mounted in a
readily accessible location away from the engine compartment. Everyone aboard should know where the fire extinguisher is and how to use it.
If your fire extinguisher has a charge indicator gauge, cold
or hot weather may affect the gauge reading. Consult the
instruction manual supplied with the fire extinguisher to
determine the accuracy of the gauge.
SOUND SIGNALLING DEVICE
All vessels from 16.5 feet (5 m) to under 39 feet (12 m) used
on inland waters shall be equipped with a certified horn.
(This is standard equipment on ALL Premier models.) It must
produce a blast of two-second duration and be audible at a
distance of at least 1/2 mile (0.8 km). The device should be
used to promote safe passing, as a warning to other vessels
in fog or confined areas, or as a signal to operators of locks
or drawbridges.
FIGURE 2-2 PFD TYPE II, WEARABLE
The following are standard whistle signals:
• One Prolonged Blast = Warning signal
• One Short Blast = Pass on my port side
• Two Short Blasts = Pass on my starboard side
• Three Short Blasts = Engines in reverse
• Five or More Blasts = Danger signal
FIGURE 2-3 PFD TYPE III, WEARABLE
NAVIGATION LIGHTS
Navigation lights are intended to keep other vessels informed
of your presence and course. If you are operating your boat
between sunset and sunrise, you are required to display appropriate navigation lights. All Premier models are equipped
with the required navigation lights.
FIGURE 2-4 PFD TYPE IV, THROWABLE
VISUAL DISTRESS SIGNALS
U.S. Coast Guard regulations require all recreational boats
be equipped with visual distress signal equipment. The
regulations apply to boats used on coastal waters, including
the Great Lakes, territorial seas, and those waters directly
connected to the Great Lakes and the territorial seas, up to
a point where the waters are less than two miles (3.2 km)
wide, and to boats owned in the United States when operating on the high seas.
Visual distress signal equipment may be of the pyrotechnic
or non-pyrotechnic type. The equipment must be approved
by the U.S. Coast Guard, be in serviceable condition, and be
stowed in a readily accessible location. Equipment having a
date for serviceable life must be within the specified usage
date shown. Careful selection and proper stowage of visual
distress equipment is very important if young children are
aboard.
FIGURE 2-5 PFD TYPE V, WEARABLE
2.2
Safe Operation
No one signaling device is ideal under all conditions or for
all purposes. Consider carrying various types of equipment
on board. Approved pyrotechnic visual distress signals and
associated equipment include red flares, hand-held or aerial;
orange smoke, hand-held or floating; and launchers for aerial
red meteors or parachute flares. Approved non-pyrotechnic
equipment includes orange distress flags and electric distress
lights.
Safe operation means that you do not misuse your boat nor do you allow your passengers to do so. Safe operation
means using good judgment at all times. It includes, without limitation, the following actions:
• Load your boat within the limits listed on the capacity plate. Balance loads bow to stern and port to starboard.
Recommended Additional Gear and Equipment
• Maintain boat speed at or below the local legal limit. Avoid excessive speed or speeds not appropriate for operating conditions.
You should consider adding all or some of the following
equipment. You may want to add other items depending
upon your boating needs.
• Do not use your boat in weather or sea conditions
beyond the skill or experience of the operator or the comfortable capability of the boat or passengers.
Basic Equipment
Anchor and anchor line
Signal flares
Dock fenders
Sunscreen
First-aid kit
Boat hook
Tow line
Extra warm clothing
Compass
VHF radio
Charts of the area
Ring life buoy with line
2 mooring lines
Flashlight or portable
searchlight
Oar or paddle
GPS
Foul weather gear
Cell phone
Tools
Screwdrivers
Pliers
Hammer
Prop wrench
Adjustable wrench
Spark plug wrench
Jackknife
Electrical tape
Lubricating oil
Duct tape
Spark plugs
Propeller nut and washer
Fuses
Flashlight batteries
Spare Parts
Spare light bulbs
Spare propeller
• Be sure at least one other passenger is familiar with the operation and safety aspects of the boat in case of an emergency.
• Make sure that passengers and gear do not obstruct
the operator’s view or ability to move.
• Do not exceed the maximum engine power rating stated
on the certification plate attached to your boat.
• Do not operate in excess of 30 MPH (in normal condi tions) with the Bimini top open.
Passenger Safety
Before getting underway, show all passengers where emergency and safety equipment is stowed and explain how to
use it. Everyone aboard should wear shoes which resist slipping on wet surfaces and protect toes and feet from accidental injury. While underway, passengers should remain seated
inside the deck rails and gates. Never allow them to ride
on the sundeck or engine pod or in other unsafe positions.
Never allow passengers to drag their feet or hands in the
water. Always use handholds or any other safety hardware to
prevent falls.
SAFE BOATING PRACTICES
YOU are responsible for your own safety, the safety of
your passengers, and the safety of fellow boaters.
Drugs and Alcohol
Drug and alcohol consumption, and boating do not mix!
Operating under the influence endangers the lives of
your passengers and other boaters. Federal laws
prohibit operating a boat under the influence of alcohol
or drugs.
Propeller
Never allow anyone near a propeller, even when the engine
is off. Propeller blades can be sharp and can continue to turn
even after the engine is shut off.
Do not use drugs or drink alcohol while operating your boat.
Like driving a car, driving a boat requires sober, attentive
care. Operating a boat while intoxicated or under the influence of drugs is not only dangerous, it is also a federal offense carrying a significant penalty. These laws are vigorously
enforced. The use of drugs and alcohol, alone or in combination, decreases reaction time, impedes judgment, impairs
vision, and inhibits your ability to safely operate a boat.
First Aid
As a boat operator, you should be familiar with basic first aid
procedures that may be needed while you are far from help.
Fish hook accidents or minor cuts and abrasions may be the
most serious mishaps on board a boat, but you should also
learn the proper procedures and be ready to deal with the
truly serious problems like mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, excessive bleeding, hypothermia and burns. First aid literature
and courses are available through most Red Cross chapters.
2.3
be just as lethal over long periods of time. Symptoms of CO
poisoning include: itchy and watering eyes, flushed appearance, throbbing temples, inability to think coherently, ringing
in the ears, tightness across the chest, headaches, drowsiness, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, vomiting, collapse, and
convulsions.
Operation By Minors
Minors should always be supervised by an adult whenever
operating a boat. Many states have laws regarding the minimum age and licensing requirements of minors. Be sure to
contact your state boating authorities for information.
If you observe any of these symptoms, begin treatment immediately. Prompt action can make the difference between
life and death. Evacuate the area and move the victim to
fresh air. Administer oxygen, if available, and get medical
help. Open all canvas to ventilate the area. Investigate the
source of CO and take immediate corrective action; be especially aware of sources adjacent to the boat.
Rules of the Road
As a responsible boater, you will comply with the “Rules of
the Road,” the marine traffic laws enforced by the U.S. Coast
Guard. Navigating a boat is much the same as driving an automobile. Operating either one responsibly means complying
with a set of rules intended to prevent accidents. Just as you
assume other car drivers know what they are doing, other
boaters assume you know what you are doing. Chapter 8 has
more information about navigational rules and the Rules of
the Road.
Voluntary Inspections
Carbon monoxide can be harmful or fatal if inhaled. Keep exhaust outlets
clear of blockage. Provide adequate ventilation. Open hatches, doors,
windows and vents to ensure adequate ventilation. Close engine compartment doors and hatches when engine or generator is running.
State boating officials in many states or the U.S. Coast Guard
Auxiliaries offer courtesy inspections to check out your craft.
They will check your boat for compliance with safety standards and required safety equipment. You may voluntarily
consent to one of these inspections, and you are allowed
time to make corrections without prosecution. Check with
the appropriate state agency or the Coast Guard Auxiliary for
details.
Carbon Monoxide Accumulation
Following are common situations in which carbon monoxide (CO) can accumulate within enclosed areas of your boat
while docked, anchored or underway. Become familiar with
these examples and their precautions and be alert to other
situations to prevent CO poisoning.
Safe Boating Courses
Your local U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary and the U.S. Power
Squadrons offer comprehensive safe boating classes several
times a year. You may contact the Boat/U.S. Foundation at
1-800-336-BOAT (2628) or in Virginia 1-800-245-BOAT (2628)
for a course schedule in your area. Also contact your local
U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary or Power Squadron Flotilla for the
time and place of their next scheduled class. For further
information, visit www.boater101.com.
Generator or hull exhaust from other vessels while either docked or
anchored can accumulate within enclosed areas of your boat. Be alert for
generator exhaust from other vessels alongside (Figure 2-6).
CARBON MONOXIDE
Burning a material containing carbon produces carbon monoxide (CO), an odorless and colorless gas. You cannot see or
smell CO. Because it weighs the same as air, it will distribute
throughout an enclosed space without your knowledge. Any
device used to burn carbon-based materials on your boat, or
those around you, can be a source of CO. Common sources
of carbon monoxide include internal combustion engines and
open flame devices such as charcoal grills.
FIGURE 2-6 VESSEL ALONGSIDE
The lungs absorb carbon monoxide which then reacts with
the blood to reduce the blood’s ability to carry oxygen. The
reduced oxygen supply to body tissues results in death of the
tissue. Prolonged exposure can cause death.
Under certain conditions, tail wind, boat speed, or high bow angle can draw
carbon monoxide into enclosed areas (backdrafting). CO can accumulate
to dangerous levels without proper airflow. Open front canvas to provide
adequate ventilation, redistribute the load, or bring boat out of high bow
angle (Figure 2-7).
In high concentrations, CO can be fatal within minutes. The
effects of CO in lower concentrations are cumulative and can
2.4
Even with the best boat design and construction, CO may still
accumulate in enclosed areas under certain conditions. Continuously observe passengers for symptoms of CO poisoning.
CO in engine exhaust from your boat can accumulate within enclosed areas
when your boat is operating at slow speed or stopped in the water. Installing
rear canvas while underway increases the chance of CO accumulation in your
boat. Tail wind can increase accumulation. Provide adequate ventilation or
slightly increase speed if possible (Figure 2-7).
CO Detector
We recommend that you have marine grade CO detectors
installed in boats with canvas enclosures. Monitors are available from your dealer. Monitors should be professionally
installed and calibrated.
NOTE: A CO detector is not a gas fuel vapor detector. Gas
fuel vapor detectors do not monitor the buildup of carbon
monoxide in an enclosed area.
LANYARD STOP SWITCH
NOTE: This component is supplied by the engine manufacturer. Refer to the engine Owner’s Manual for detailed information about this switch.
FIGURE 2-7 BACKDRAFTING
The lanyard stop switch must never be removed or modified and must always
be kept free from obstructions that could interfere with its operation.
With canvas in place, hull exhaust (while underway) can cause CO to accumulate within enclosed areas. Provide adequate ventilation when the canvas
top, side curtains and/or back curtains are in their closed protective positions
(Figure 2-8).
This safety device automatically stops the engine when lanyard
is attached to the operator and the operator falls or moves
away from the control station. The stop switch (Figure 2-10)
incorporates a shutoff switch, switch clip, lanyard and lanyard
clip. The lanyard clip is securely attached to the operator’s
clothing, arm, or leg. Be sure to attach the lanyard to a place
where it is free of obstructions and to something that will
move with the operator if he or she leaves the helm station.
In order for the engine to run, the lock plate on the end of
the lanyard must be attached to the engine stop switch. To
reset the switch after engine shutdown, reinstall the switch
slip above the interrupter switch and flip the interrupter
switch.
FIGURE 2-8 WHILE UNDERWAY
NOTE: The switch on your boat may be different from the
typical switch illustrated here. Refer to the engine manual for
more information.
When hull exhaust outlets are blocked by a pier, dock, seawall or any other
means, CO can accumulate within enclosed areas. Make sure hull exhaust
outlets are not blocked (Figure 2-9).
FIGURE 2-9 BLOCKED OUTLETS
FIGURE 2-10 LANYARD STOP SWITCH
2.5
6. Make sure the water is adequate
depth and free of obstructions.
WATER SPORTS
Water skiing, wakeboarding or riding a towed, inflatable apparatus
are some of the more popular water sports. However, never exceed the limits of the ski bar. Also, never tow a inflatable device
or another vessel from the ski bar, they are over the limits of the
ski tow bar. Taking part in any water sport requires increased
safety awareness by the participant and the boat operator. If you
have never pulled someone behind your boat before, it is a good
idea to spend some hours as an observer, working with and
learning from an experienced driver. It is also important to be
aware of the skill and experience of the person being pulled.
FIGURE 2-11 DIVER DOWN FLOAT
Water Skiing
The popular sport of water skiing has brought a special set
of safety precautions to observe in boating. The following
guides, in addition to the guides listed above, will do much
to reduce the hazards while water skiing. For more information about water skiing, please contact the American Water
Ski Association, 799 Overlook Drive, Winter Haven, FL 33884
(1-800-533-2972).
Your boat is not designed for and should not be used for pulling parasails,
kites, gliders or any device which can become airborne.
Everyone participating in a water sport should observe these
guidelines:
1. Water ski only in safe areas, away from other boats and
swimmers, out of channels, and in water free of
underwater obstructions.
1. Allow only capable swimmers to take part in any water sport.
2. Always wear a personal flotation device (PFD) approved by the U.S. Coast Guard. Wearing a properly designed PFD will help a stunned or unconscious person stay afloat.
2. Never allow anyone who cannot swim to water ski.
3. Always participate in water sports in safe areas. Stay away from other boats, beaches, swimmers and heavily traveled waterways.
Skiers must wear a USCG approved personal flotation device. A Type III
water ski vest is an approved and practical PFD.
4. Be considerate to others you share the water with.
3. Have a second person aboard to observe the skier and inform the driver about the skier’s hand signals (Figure 2-12). The driver must give full attention to operating the boat and the waters ahead.
5. Give immediate attention to a person who has fallen. He or she is vulnerable in the water alone and may not be seen by other boaters.
6. Approach a person in the water from the lee side
(opposite the direction of the wind). Stop the motor before coming close to the person.
7. Turn off engine and anchor your boat before swimming.
8. Swim only in areas designated as safe for swimming. These are usually marked with a swim area buoy. Do not swim alone or at night.
9. Stay at least 150 feet (45 m) away from areas marked by a diver down float (Figure 2-11).
1. Thumb Up: Speed up the boat.
2. Thumb Down: Slow down the boat.
3. Cut Motor/Stop: Immediately stop boat. Slashing
motion over neck (also used by driver or observer).
4. Turn: Turn the boat (also used by driver). Circle motion with arms overhead then pointing in desired direction.
5. Return to Dock: Pat on the head.
6. OK: Speed and boat path OK, or signals understood.
7. I’m OK: Skier OK after falling.
Upper Deck and Water Slide
1. Observe capacity label and do not over load the top deck.
2. Do not occupy upper deck while boat is under way.
3. Do not jump from upper deck.
4. Do not slide while boat is underway.
FIGURE 2-12 WATER SKIER HAND SIGNALS
5. Shut off motor before allowing slide use.
2.6
WATER SPORTS
RESPONSIBILITY CODE
4.Give immediate attention to a fallen skier. Always keep fallen skier on the operator’s side of the boat when
returning to attend the skier. Operators should always have fallen skiers in sight. Be careful not to swamp the boat while taking a skier on board.
Be aware that there are elements of risk in boating,
skiing, and riding that common sense and
personal awareness can help reduce.
Know your ability level and stay within it.
Switch the engine off before taking skiers aboard from in the water.
Do not leave the engine running in neutral; if the shift is accidentally
engaged, the propeller can seriously injure the skier.
TO INCREASE YOUR ENJOYMENT OF THE SPORT,
FOLLOW THE WATERSPORTS RESPONSIBILITY CODE.
5.Do not water ski between sunset and sunrise. It is illegal in most states.
IT IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY:
• To familiarize yourself with all applicable laws, the
risks inherent in the sport, and the proper use of equipment.
• To know the waterways where you will be skiing or riding. Do not ski or ride in shallow water, near shore, docks, pilings, swimmers, or other watercraft.
• To always have a person other than the boat driver as an observer and agree on hand signals before starting.
Passenger Safety Message – Pontoon Boats
Whenever the boat is in motion, observe the location of all
the passengers. Never allow any passengers to stand or use
seats other than those designated for traveling faster than
idle speed. A sudden reduction in boat speed, such as the
result of plunging into a large wave or wake, a sudden
throttle reduction, or a sharp change of boat direction could
throw them over the front of the boat. Falling over the front
of the boat between the two pontoons will position them to
be run over by the motor.
• To always wear a U.S. Coast Guard type III (PFD) vest.
1. Boats having an open front deck:
• To never operate watercraft, ski or ride under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
• To read your Owner’s Manual and inspect your
equipment prior to use.
• To ski or ride within your limits. Always ski or ride in control and at speeds appropriate for your ability.
• To always turn ignition off when anyone is near a
watercraft power drive unit.
No one should ever be on the deck in the front of the fence
or rails while the boat is in motion. Keep all passengers
behind the front fence or enclosure. Persons on the front
deck could easily be thrown overboard, or persons dangling
their feet over the front edge could get their legs caught by a
wave and pulled into the water.
• Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning from engine
exhaust may cause injury or death.
• Never “Platform Drag” or touch a swim platform while the engine is running.
2. Boats with front-mounted, raised pedestal seats:
These elevated seats are not intended for use when the boat
is traveling faster than idle or trolling speed. While boat is
underway, sit only in seats designated for traveling at faster
speeds.
For more information on boating, please visit:
www.boater101.com
www.boatus.com
www.nmma.org
Any unexpected sudden reduction in boat speed could result
in the elevated passenger falling over the front of the boat.
2.7
3 SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS
AC System
This section provides information about your boat’s electrical
system, instruments, controls, and other equipment.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Some models may be equipped with a shore power inlet
which supplies 110 volt AC power to an inverter and internal
battery charger, lights, refrigerator, microwave, TV, and other
outlets. The inverter can supply limited AC power for accessories while underway. For more complete information about the
AC system, refer to the inverter information provided in your
Owner’s Packet.
DC System
Battery or Batteries
Your boat’s electrical system is a 12 volt, direct current (DC)
type similar to the system in an automobile. A battery or
batteries supply power to the system. The battery is charged
through an engine-driven alternator. A voltmeter at the helm
dash shows the charge level of the battery. DC fuses or
circuit breakers, also at the helm, operate 12 volt equipment.
Turning the ignition switch off does not cut power to all components.
The battery or batteries were installed on your boat by your
dealer. Inspect frequently for cleanliness and tight connections. Make sure that the compartment is well ventilated.
If you need to replace a battery, install the same type as
originally supplied with your boat.
NOTE: Some of the equipment described in this chapter may
be standard for some models and optional or not available for
other models. Check with your Premier Marine dealer if you
have questions about boat equipment.
If the starting battery is discharged, you can jump start the
boat’s engine. The battery cables do not need to be removed.
Be sure to connect like terminals (for example, positive
to positive). The last cable to be connected should be the
negative cable of the charged battery. Before jump starting,
determine the cause for the dead battery. In particular, check
to see whether any switches or lights were left on and clean
the battery terminals if needed.
The battery’s negative terminal is connected to the engine
grounding stud. This type of negative ground system is the
approved system for marine DC electrical systems. Critical
circuits are protected by fuses.
The electrical system is wired at the factory to handle factoryinstalled electrical equipment. Premier Marine recommends
that you have your dealer install any additional equipment. An
error in wiring the electrical circuits can cause a fire or damage electrical system components. Have your dealer make
electrical system repairs and install additional equipment.
POISON! Batteries contain sulfuric acid and can cause severe personal
injury if mishandled. Avoid contact with eyes, skin or clothing. In case
of contact, flush with water for at least 15 minutes. If swallowed, drink
large quantities of water or milk. Follow with Milk of Magnesia, beaten
egg or vegetable oil. Get medical attention immediately.
If you do add additional equipment, it must be adaptable
to the negative ground system. When installing additional
equipment, be sure to take the power supply from the circuit
breaker panel. All added electrical equipment must be properly protected by a circuit breaker or inline fuse on the positive
wire. Be sure to protect all electrical components from rain,
water, or sea spray.
When you install a battery, battery connections must be
made properly. Attach the positive cable to the positive (+)
terminal, then attach the negative battery cable to the
negative (-) terminal on the battery.
NOTE: Power feeds for accessory equipment must NOT be
taken from the voltmeter terminals. Consult with your dealer
for additional DC power needs on your boat.
Charging the Battery
NOTE: A complete 12 volt electric schematic is available by
calling customer service at 651-462-2880 or emailing
customerservice@pontoon.com.
During charging, batteries produce gases which can explode. Explosion
can shatter the battery. Battery acid can cause severe personal injury
such as blindness. Keep flame, spark, and smoking materials away from
the battery while charging. Charge the battery in a well-ventilated area.
3.1
Speedometer
Batteries produce hydrogen and oxygen gases when they are
being charged. These explosive gases escape through the
vent/fill caps and may form an explosive atmosphere around
the battery if ventilation is poor. This gas may remain around
the battery for several hours after charging. Sparks or flame
can ignite the gas and cause an explosion. Remove the battery and recharge it ashore.
The speedometer indicates the speed your boat is traveling across the water in miles per hour. In most cases water
pressure from a water pickup at the boat’s stern is measured
and converted into a reading on the boat’s speedometer.
The accuracy at slow speeds is limited, if you are having issues with your speedometer, check the tube and
pick-up before calling your dealer. Using a GPS can give
more accurate speeds with low horsepower motors than
installed speedometer.
Electrical Switches
Electrical switches control the power supply to boat components. Switches may be two-position (off or on) or three-position with a center off position. For three-position switches,
switch position determines which components are powered.
Tachometer
The tachometer displays the engine operating speed in increments of 100 revolutions per minute (RPM). The tachometer
shows engine speed in RPMs under various engine operating
conditions. Consult your dealer if you need more information.
Your dealer should have explained all switches and controls
for your boat during the delivery process. If you did not get
a clear explanation or have forgotten the information, please
call your dealer for assistance.
Trim Gauge
IMPORTANT: Some boat components, such as the stereo or
refrigerator (if provided), are still powered even though the
ignition switch is off. To prevent discharging the battery, turn
off power to all components when they are not being used, or
switch the battery switch to off if your boat has this feature.
The trim gauge indicates the relative position of the drive
unit. Read this gauge carefully as it does not show position
of unit in degrees. Proper trim should be indicated by bow
attitude and engine RPM. For more information see your
engine Owner’s Manual.
INSTRUMENTS
Our research and development has shown that hydrofoil
performance fins and cupped props can enhance the performance of our pontoon boats, especially those powered with
smaller engines that have small diameter props. See your
dealer about adding hydrofoils and cupped props to your
outboard engine.
NOTE: Some boat models do not have instrument panels.
The instruments provided may vary from boat to boat.
Instruments are listed in alphabetical order.
The instruments installed on your boat indicate current operating conditions for the engine and related systems. When
you take delivery of your boat, ask your dealer about the normal readings of the gauges. This provides you with a reference point to evaluate how well your boat is operating. Keep
in mind that the readings on some gauges tend to fluctuate.
You should investigate the cause for gauge readings that
show a continuous variance or a sudden, substantial variance
from normal readings.
Voltmeter
The voltmeter shows battery voltage. If the engine is running
at normal speed (1,000 RPMs or higher) and the alternator
is charging, the reading on the meter ranges between 12.0
to 15.5 volts. If the meter reading is high when the engine is
not running and the ignition key or switch is ON, the battery is fully charged. Significantly higher or lower readings
indicate a battery problem, alternator malfunction, or heavy
drain on the battery. Check the charging system and the
battery system for the cause of these readings. An oscillating
reading shows a loose voltage regulator connection or loose
belts. Low voltage readings after stopping the engine indicate a bad battery or a heavy load on the battery. Refer to
your engine owner’s manual for proper gauge readings.
Fuel Gauge
The fuel gauge shows the approximate amount of fuel in the
fuel tank. Note that the actual fuel supply may vary slightly
from that shown on the gauge. The most accurate reading
of the fuel gauge is at idle speed when your boat maintains
an approximately level position. While underway, the fuel
gauge usually indicates the tank is fuller than it actually is
because the bow tends to be higher than when the boat is at
rest. Since gauge readings are approximate, they should be
compared to the hours of use versus known fuel consumption per hour.
CONTROLS
Knowing how to use the controls on your boat is essential
for safe and proper operation. The controls described in this
section may be optional or may vary slightly from those on
your boat.
The most common practice of good fuel management is the
one-third (1/3) rule. Use 1/3 of your total fuel to travel to
your destination, 1/3 to return, and keep 1/3 in reserve for
emergencies.
Throttle and Gearshift
The controls on your boat may vary from model to model and
depend on what kind of engine your boat has. The control
described here is typical of the operation of most throttle/
3.2
to control the boat because the wheel is easier to turn. Operators should be careful that they do not “oversteer,” that is,
turn the wheel too far so a turn is tighter than intended. See
your dealer or the steering system manufacturer’s information
regarding routine maintenance for this system.
gearshift controls. Check the engine or control manual or see
your dealer for more detailed information.
A single-lever control integrates the throttle and gearshift into
a single hand lever. It allows the operator to control both the
engine operating speed and the forward and aft movement
of the boat. This type of design ensures safe control of the
engine with one hand.
There is also a power assist available on some types of hydraulic steering systems, which can make the steering much
easier. See you dealer for availability and service information
for your boat.
The lever functions as a shifter during the first 15° of motion
forward or back. Beyond 15°, it functions as a throttle. Pushing the lever toward the full throttle position increases engine
speed.
Power Trim
A power trim system is standard on many models. The power
trim system controls the angle of the outboard motor. The
power trim switch also allows the operator to adjust the motor at cruising speed to achieve an ideal planing angle. Moving the outboard in closer to the transom is called trimming
“in” or “down.” Moving the outboard further away from the
transom is called trimming “out” or “up.” Best performance is
usually obtained when the front of the tubes are just slightly
out of the water. Refer to the engine and control manuals for
specific information about trimming.
Here are a few helpful operating tips:
• When shifting between forward and reverse, always pause in neutral for a few seconds before reversing propeller
rotation to prevent damage to the engine and drive.
• When maneuvering at low speeds, you can reverse the throttle (move throttle forward or aft) to control or brake
boat travel.
• Gradually increase speed when moving in reverse.
High speed acceleration in reverse can create a wake,
or hamper maneuverability.
To trim the bow of the boat up, press the trim switch in
the direction marked UP. Moving the bow up increases top
speed, but can cause the boat to porpoise if trimmed up too
far. Excessive trim up can cause propeller ventilation (propeller pushes air, not water).
Steering
Various steering systems are used on Premier boats. Some
models have a tilt steering wheel and an enclosed push-pull
cable system connected to the motor. A hydraulic steering
system is available as an option on some models.
To trim the bow of the boat down, press the trim switch in
the direction marked DOWN . Running with the bow down
helps the boat accelerate and get on plane faster, especially
with a heavy load. It can also help improve the ride in rough
water, but it reduces boat speed in most cases. Excessive
trim down can make the boat difficult to steer, and trimming
up can help make steering easier.
Getting the “feel” of your boat’s steering system is important.
Steering does vary from boat to boat depending on the type
of engine, water and wind conditions, and the load. Turn the
wheel from full left to full right. Check that the drive unit is
turning correctly, freely and smoothly. The cable output end
of the steering system should be clear of fuel lines, control
cables, electrical wiring, and outboard gear when an engine is
moved through its full operating range.
DEPTH GAUGE/FLASHER
This gauge provides a digital read-out of your water depth.
Refer to the manufacturer’s Owner’s Manual for information
about this instrument.
Most steering systems will initially be tight and require breaking in. You may find that trimming up your engine can improve
steering. Excessive weight in the bow can cause steering to
become more difficult.
FISH FINDER/GRAPH
The fish finder is a combined depth gauge and depth finder.
Refer to the manufacturer’s Owner’s Manual for information
about using this instrument.
All steering systems require periodic maintenance to be
trouble-free and safe. Regular checks are essential. Check the
cables regularly and tighten them as needed. Be sure to read
the manufacturer supplied Operator’s Manual before heading
out on the water.
TROLLING MOTOR
An electric trolling motor is available as optional equipment
on some models. Check with your dealer and refer to the
trolling motor Owner’s Manual for operation and maintenance instructions.
NOTE: If your boat has inboard/outboard power, it may have
power steering equipment. Refer to the engine Owner’s Manual for detailed information regarding steering system operation
and maintenance.
LIVEWELL
Hydraulic Steering System
An aerated livewell is standard on some models. The livewell
provides an environment where your catch can be kept alive
and healthy. Figure 3-1 shows a typical livewell. The livewell
on your boat may be slightly different than the one shown.
A hydraulic steering system is available as a option or is
standard on most models. Hydraulic steering makes it easier
3.3
MAX.
WATER
LEVEL
DECK
REFRIGERATOR
SPRAY BAR
AERATOR
STAND PIPE/
DRAIN PLUG
A refrigerator is available as optional equipment on some
models. The refrigerator operates on a separate 12 volt DC
power. When refrigerator is on, carefully monitor power
remaining in batteries. Turn off refrigerator when batteries
are low. Refer to the refrigerator manual for more complete
information.
DRAIN HOLE
DRAIN HOSE
PORTA-POTTI
PONTOON
A self-contained Porta-Potti is available as optional equipment
on some models. This portable toilet provides simple operation and convenient disposal of waste. The waste is transported off the boat by removing the holding tank. Dispose
of the waste properly at a dump station or other appropriate location. Do not dump the tank’s contents overboard.
The unit is usually stored either under the sundeck or in the
changing room. See the manufacturer’s manual for safety
precautions and detailed operation and maintenance instructions. A pump out system is also offered and is required in
some areas. This system allows removal of waste by vacuum
at some marinas.
LIVEWELL
PUMP
NOTE: LIVEWELL LOCATION VARIES BY MODEL
FIGURE 3-1 TYPICAL LIVEWELL
You should monitor water and air temperatures to determine
when and how often you should aerate the livewell. You can
turn the livewell pump on and off manually with the AER
MAN switch. If you turn the switch to AER AUTO, a timer
controls operation of the pump.
The pump draws raw water in through a fitting below the
waterline and pumps it into the livewell. The pump fills the
livewell with raw water. Water sprays into the livewell through
the aerator head. As the incoming water hits the surface of
the water in the livewell, the water’s oxygen content increases
which helps keep fish alive. As water continues to spray into
the well, excess water flows out through the standpipe and
drains overboard. Drain locations vary by model.
PROPANE GRILL
Your boat may be equipped with a propane or butane-fueled
Bar-B-Que grill or stove. The grill may be free standing, deck
or even rail-mounted. Never grill while your boat is moving. Be
sure passengers know when grill is being used. Hot surfaces
can cause burns. Store the grill before getting the boat back
underway. Be sure unit is cool before storing. Refer to the grill
manual for details about using this accessory safely.
Do not operate the livewell pump dry. The pump is watercooled and becomes overheated if no water is flowing
through the pump. If water does not come out of the discharge sprayer nozzle, stop the pump and correct the problem
(for example, check for blown fuse, broken wires, closed flow
control valve, plugged inlet). If the problem persists, check
with your dealer.
Use fuel approved by the manufacturer. Always provide adequate
ventilation when using an open flame. Do not use stove near fuel fill
or fuel vent. The flame is difficult to see in sunlight.
If the overflow or drain becomes plugged, try back-flushing
it with a garden hose set at low velocity. Some models have
a screen at the pump intake. Remove the screen before
back-flushing. Often, the obstruction will blow back into the
livewell where it can be easily removed. Be careful that you
do not use too much pressure. You can blow the hoses off the
fittings.
CANVAS
Your boat may be equipped with protective coverings such as
a Bimini top, day enclosure, full enclosure, dressing room, or
a playpen mooring cover.
Ask your dealer to show you how to set up and store these
coverings.
Do not use the livewells to hold bait. Bait can be lost through
or plug the drains.
A boat covering, referred to as a playpen cover, is available
as standard equipment on some models and optional equipment on others. This cover is secured to the boat using
specially designed J-Clips™ (patented) which distribute the
tension across a wide area of the canvas instead of confining it to a narrow area such as might be the case if a grommet were used. To prevent damage to the cover, install the
J-Clip™ as shown in Figure 3-2.
FRESH WATER SUPPLY
A freshwater system is standard equipment on some models
and optional on others. The manually pressurized freshwater
system provides fresh water from a tank to the galley sink.
Fill the tank only with fresh water. Refilling the tank often
helps keep it a source of fresh and clean water.
When installing your playpen cover verify that all poles are
upright and thumbscrews or clamps are tight. Trailering with
the cover installed is not recommend, but if you do, be sure
to tie off all gates. Towing is recommended at slow speeds
Sanitize the water system regularly. Add 6 drops of Chlorox bleach for
each gallon of water. Flush this solution. Use fuel approved by the
manufacturer. Always provide adequate ventilation through the system
and refill with fresh water.
3.4
BEACON SYSTEM
Your boat may be equipped with the Premier Beacon System.
This is a digital, touch screen control and operation system
located on your instrument panel.
P
U
L
L
CORRECT
INCORRECT
FIGURE 3-2 J-CLIP™
only. You should not drive at highway speeds with playpen
cover installed. If you do travel with your playpen cover
on, then stop periodically and check your cover and poles.
Premier Marine does not cover trailering issues under its
warranty.
AM/FM MARINE STEREO
An AM/FM stereo receiver is available as standard or optional equipment on most models. The system has electronic circuits especially designed for radio reception on both AM and
FM bands. When the stereo is not in use, be sure the switch is
Specific operating instructions can be found on the Premier
Marine website: www.pontoon.com
off to prevent drawing down the battery.
Some stereos are equipped with CD players, and MP3 or iPod
adapters. There are also optional CD changers, remote controls,
and satellite receivers available. Features may vary on some
stereo models. See the radio manufacturer’s manual for a list of
features and detailed instructions for use.
The receivers and speakers are marinized to be used in high humidity and wet conditions. However, the cover should be closed
when necessary.
BILGE BLOWER
If your boat is powered with the optional inboard/outboard
engine package, it has a bilge blower. The bilge blower forces
fumes out of the engine compartment area and circulates fresh
air in through the deck vents. It must run at least five minutes
before starting the engine. It must also be running during
engine start-up and while operating your boat below cruising
speed. It should not be operating when you are fueling.
Fire or Explosion! Turn on bilge blower for 5 minutes minimum before
starting engine to exhaust gasoline fumes. Open the engine cover during
that time and smell for fumes. DO NOT start the engine if fumes are present.
3.5
4 TRAILERING
A correctly selected trailer supports your boat properly,
makes towing safer, and makes loading and unloading easier.
Proper trailer selection and setup are very important.
Improper trailering is one of the major causes of damage to
the tubes. Your pontoon must be well supported to prevent
any damage during trailering. The pontoon’s weight should
be supported the entire length of the tubes with a bunk
trailer or the entire deck length with a mechanical folding
trailer. Pontoon boats with outboard engines should have an
engine support bar that extends from the lower unit to the
trailer frame when trailering. Premier Marine will not be held
liable for any damages caused by improper trailer setup or
operation.
To avoid personal injury and property damage, be sure to
balance the load when trailering. If too much weight rests on
the hitch, the front end of the vehicle will sway or oversteer.
Insufficient weight on the trailer causes the trailer to fishtail.
In either case, the vehicle will be hard to handle and could
become uncontrollable at high speeds.
State regulations usually require that trailers above a specified weight rating be equipped with brakes. Requirements
vary; check with your dealer for additional information.
The total weight of your loaded trailer must not exceed the capacity
marker on the hitch of your tow vehicle. Overloading can cause hitch
failure, leading to injury-causing accidents.
TRAILER
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
HITCH
Your trailer should be able to accommodate the weight of the
boat, engine, full fuel tank and any other equipment normally
carried. Check the certification label on the frame of the
trailer for the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The total
weight of the boat, engine, fuel, gear and trailer should not
exceed the GVWR.
Hitches are divided into classes that specify the gross trailer
weight (GTW) and maximum tongue weight for each class.
Always use a hitch with the same class number as the trailer.
Most boat trailers connect to a ball hitch that is bolted or
welded to the towing vehicle. Special heavy-duty equalizing
hitches are necessary for trailer tongue weights of 350 lbs.
(158 kg) or greater.
Remember that the published weight is the dry approximate
weight of your boat. Dry weight does not include the weights
of outboard motors, batteries, gasoline, any optional items,
gear or trailers. The weight of these items must be added to
the dry weight to determine the proper trailer GVWR needed.
The trailer hitch coupler must match the size of the hitch ball.
The correct ball diameter is marked on the trailer coupler.
SAFETY CHAINS
Safety chains on the trailer provide added insurance that it
will not become completely detached from the towing vehicle while underway. Crisscross the chains under the trailer
tongue to prevent the tongue from dropping to the road if the
trailer separates from the hitch ball (Figure 4-1). The safety
chain should be of the “Proof Coil” type and must have a
minimum breaking strength equal to the upper limit of the
GVWR. Some states require chains to be locked so hooks
can’t shake, bounce or vibrate off the bracket.
The total weight of the trailer, boat and gear must not exceed the GVWR
of the trailer. Overloading can cause accidents.
Weight Distribution
If your towing vehicle is equipped with a weight distribution hitch, it must be capable of handling the GVWR. The
weight on the trailer should be evenly distributed and can be
checked by determining the tongue weight.
Tongue weight is a percentage of the total weight of the
loaded trailer on its tongue. Ideal tongue weight is not less
than five percent (5%) and not more than ten percent (10%)
of the GVWR. For example, if the weight of the loaded trailer
is 3,000 pounds (1361 kg), the weight on the tongue should
be more than 150 pounds (68 kg), but less than 300 pounds
(136 kg). Excessive tongue weight causes the front end of the
towing vehicle to sway. Insufficient tongue weight causes the
trailer to sway or fishtail.
4.1
HITCH
TONGUE
BRACKET
6.
Check with your state Department of Motor Vehicles
for registration and licensing regulations in your
state. Most states require that boat trailers be
registered and licensed.
7.
Be aware that a turn for the trailer is wider than a turn for the tow vehicle (Figure 4-2). When making a turn, be careful that your trailer does not strike another vehicle or object.
CHAINS
TRAILER PATH
(BOTTOM VIEW)
FIGURE 4-2 TURNING WITH A TRAILER
FIGURE 4-1 SAFETY CHAINS
8.
TRAILERING GUIDELINES
1.
Be sure that the bunks support all of the tubes and
transom surfaces, and that they distribute weight evenly on the trailer. All transoms must be supported by the trailer to handle the weight of the engines.
9. Check local and state laws for any additional
requirements for trailers.
BACKING A TRAILER
2. Make sure your boat is properly tied down and a safety chain is used.
3.
Do not trailer with the boat’s Bimini top or other canvas up. Make sure the cover and gear is properly stored, and the optional trailering kit (available from your dealer) and sundeck are properly secured. Most of these items can be severely damaged while trailering if not properly secured.
4.
5.
Make sure the motor is tilted up and a transom saver is used. Don’t travel without the motor properly tilted up or without a transom saver. Check the ground clearance of your lower unit.
Inspect your trailer regularly to make sure the side
supports are in good working order. Check the bolts
which secure the rollers and supports for tightness.
Check the wheel bearings frequently for sufficient grease.
If you do not have experience in backing up with a trailer,
practice backing with a trailer before you get into a confined
launch site. Get accustomed to using your trailer in an open
area. Take someone with you who knows how to back a
trailer.
Backing a trailer works the opposite of backing a car. If the
trailer needs to travel to the right, turn the steering wheel to
the left and vice versa (Figure 4-3). Do not turn the wheel too
far or oversteer. Turn the wheel gradually until you get the
feel of safe backing.
Be sure your trailer is equipped with functional tail lights and turn signals as required by state and federal laws.
BACKING TO RIGHT
FOLLOWING THRU TURN
BACKING TO LEFT
FIGURE 4-3 BACKING A TRAILER
4.2
LAUNCHING GUIDELINES
LOADING YOUR BOAT ON THE TRAILER
Before launching, stay to one side and watch a couple of
launchings to notice any problems on the ramp and the
effects of the wind and the current on launching. It’s a
common courtesy to prepare the boat for launching away
from the ramp.
Follow these guidelines for loading the boat back onto the
trailer:
1. Back the trailer into the water.
2. When the trailer is in several inches of water:
• STOP the towing vehicle.
• Leave manual transmission in gear or place
automatic transmission in park.
• Turn off the engine.
• Set the parking brake.
NOTE: If you have a bunk trailer, the boat’s transom must be
deeper than several inches in the water before launching.
Here are some tips to remember when putting your boat in
the water:
1. Before backing down the launch ramp:
• Remove all stern tie-downs.
• Properly secure all loose gear.
• Inventory your safety equipment.
• Load all personal gear.
• Lock winch and trailer unit.
• Disconnect trailer wiring from towing vehicle to
prevent short circuits caused by submersion.
• Make sure drain plugs are installed.
NOTE: If you have a bunk trailer, the trailer may need to be
more than several inches in the water before loading. If you
find it difficult to load your boat, you probably have the trailer
too deep in the water.
2. Have an individual at the launch ramp give you directions.
Back slowly down the ramp. If the trailer needs to be maneuvered to the right, turn the towing vehicle’s steering wheel
to the left. If trailer movement to the left is required, turn the
steering wheel to the right. Always remember to launch your
boat at a right angle to the shoreline.
5. After securing the boat to the trailer, start engine on
towing vehicle and pull trailer out of water to boat secur-
ing area. (If blocks are connected with a rope to the trailer tongue, you will not need to remove them before pulling trailer out.)
3. Tilt the boat’s drive up to the high tilt position to avoid damage while loading.
4. Pull or drive the boat up onto the trailer and secure safety
chain.
6. Use tie-downs to secure the boat on the trailer. Always use bow and stern tie downs to prevent the boat from shifting.
3. If launching from a trailer, tilt the outboard motor up to the
high tilt trailer position to avoid damage during the launch.
7. Wipe tubes down to prevent water spots and keep the
boat clean.
4. When the boat’s transom is in several inches of water,
stop the towing vehicle. If you have a manual transmission,
leave it in gear. If you have an automatic transmission, shift
to PARK.
8. Make sure everything in the boat is secure or tied down. Do not put other gear in the boat while trailering. Place anything loose in the towing vehicle.
5. Turn off the engine and set the parking brake.
9. Reconnect the trailer lights. Check that the lights are
working.
6. Place blocks behind the vehicle’s back wheels.
7. Do not detach the winch cable from the bow eye until a
mooring line has been secured to one of the boat’s cleats.
Attach one line to bow and one line to the stern to help control the boat. See the Mooring information in Chapter 5 for
suggested securing procedures.
10. Remove milfoil, zebra mussels, other aquatic growth and
debris from pontoons, motor and trailer to protect and maintain our boating waters.
11. When boating in salt water or brackish water, wash down
the boat completely with fresh water after each use.
8. Launch the boat; move it down and OFF the trailer into the
water.
9. Secure the boat to a dock, or have someone hold mooring
lines.
DO NOT store boats on carpeted bunks or any other type of surface that
can hold salt or any other chemicals near or on the surface of the boat.
These surfaces WILL corrode and damage the boat.
10. Lower the outboard all the way into the water.
11. Pull your towing vehicle away from the launch ramp.
12. Park only in designated areas. When parking, be sure
your towing vehicle and trailer do not block other boaters
from approaching the launch ramp or hinder their ability to
maneuver a boat and trailer when launching.
DO NOT store boats by the lift strakes. This will damage the boat.
13. Remove all aquatic life and debris from your vehicle and
trailer.
4.3
Attention:
Remember to always use a lower unit brace or transom saver
while towing with an engine. The increased engine weight of
4-stroke motors makes this very important. Premier Marine
does not warranty transoms due to trailer damage.
The use of playpen covers is also not recommended for use
while towing. Wind resistance can cause the cover to stress
and rip at high speeds. Premier Marine does not warranty
damage to the boat or cover due to towing.
4.4
5 UNDERWAY
This chapter provides basic information for a typical boating
excursion. All boaters are responsible for their own safety and
the safety of others. Even though you may be an experienced operator, you can still benefit from reviewing the boating principles
discussed in this chapter. Before you get underway, make sure
you are familiar with local and governmental boating regulations
and restrictions.
BOATER’S CHECKLIST
Go through the following checklist before starting on your cruise.
q Will the weather be favorable? Did you get a current weather report?
q Is there a suitable licensed operator? Is operator impaired from drug or alcohol use?
NOTE: This chapter may refer to equipment and components
that are standard on some models and optional or unavailable on
other models.
q Are all passengers off the upper deck (if provided)?
q Are all passengers inside deck rails? Are all gates properly secured?
FUELING
q Are tubes and propeller free of damage, excessive dirt and marine growth?
NOTICE
q Are electrical system and navigation lights working?
THIS BOAT IS EQUIPPED WITH AN EPA COMPLIANT FUEL SYSTEM. DO NOT
ALTER OR BYPASS ANY OF THE COMPONENTS THAT ARE INSTALLED.
SEE YOUR DEALER FOR ANY FUEL SYSTEM RELATED SERVICES.
q Is the battery fully charged? Are connections clean and tight?
q Is your boat overloaded or overpowered (compared with capacity plate)?
q Is other equipment on board such as mooring lines, anchor and line, tool kit, first aid kit, etc.?
The Environmental Protection Agency has passed legislation that
will affect the way we design and build our boats for the 2012
Model year and beyond. The New regulation is noted as (40
CFR Part 145). The regulation took effect on July 31st, 2012. It
requires the manufacturers to substantially reduce the amount
of Diurnal (daily) emissions that escape through the vessel’s fuel
system. There are different design solutions to this regulation.
q Do you have enough fuel for your trip? Fuel tanks should be filled to slightly less than capacity. Allow space for
fuel expansion.
We have implemented this new fuel system into all current
model year products as follows:
q Is all required safety equipment on board? Does it work? Is there one PFD for each passenger? Is safety equipment easily accessible?
q Is the lanyard safety switch working?
q Have you checked fuel system for odors, leaks and
deterioration?
All models with permanently installed fuel systems are built with
a new EPA compliant non-permeable, multi-layered fuel tank.
q Have you checked the motor for leaks or signs of
deterioration? Are fluid levels OK (engine oil, battery water, power steering fluid, etc.)?
In order to accomplish this, there are aspects of the fuel system
design that must change over what you are currently accustomed to in Marine applications. The system is much closer to
automotive fuel systems with the incorporation of carbon canisters, secondary vents and vent hoses, new anti spit-back fuel
fill plates, audible fill caps, etc. There is also a requirement for
expansion space (Ulage) that will decrease the actual fuel tank
capacity by a small percentage.
q Is the engine free of obstructions? Are there any persons near the propeller?
q Does the steering system work smoothly? Are all components tight?
q Do you have navigation charts and equipment on board? Are you familiar with area where you will be boating?
q Do passengers and crew know what to do in an emergency? Do they know how to use safety equipment?
q Do you have an emergency supply of food and water?
q Do you have all required documents on board?
q Have you told a responsible party ashore where you are going and when you expect to return?
5.1
NOTE: Some Premier pontoons may be equipped with two fuel
tanks. Boats so equipped have two fuel gauges at the console
to monitor the amount of fuel available. Only one tank may be in
service at a time on single engine boats. A valve on each tank allows the operator to select which tank is to be in service. In this
case, the operator may be able to switch tanks while underway.
6. Run the bilge blower on I/O models for at least 5 minutes
before starting the engine and until the boat has reached its
cruising speed. If your boat has a portable tank:
• Remove the tank from boat, remove the fuel fill cap
from tank fitting, insert the fuel supply nozzle and begin pumping fuel.
If possible, fill the boat’s fuel tank before loading passengers and
gear. If passengers are on board, have them leave the boat until
fueling is complete.
• Stop filling the tank before fuel overflows. Allow space at the top of the tank for thermal expansion. Fuel pumped from underground tanks is cooler than outside air. Gasoline expands as it warms up and can easily overflow the tank.
The use of a fuel stabilizer additive will greatly reduce engine
problems and should be used all year.
• When you have finished fueling, replace the fuel
fill cap. If necessary, wash off any fuel spilled around the fuel fill area. Properly dispose of rags used to wipe off fuel spillage.
Inspect the fuel system for leakage, weakening, hardening, swelling or corrosion of components including fuel tanks, fuel lines,
fittings, fuel filters, and carburetors. If any component shows
signs of leakage or deterioration, it must be replaced before starting the engine.
• Carefully carry the tank aboard and make fuel line
connections. Check for fuel fumes or fuel line
leakage. Investigate and correct the source of fumes or fuel leakage before starting the engine.
Fuel vapors are explosive. Fuel leaking from any part of the fuel system can
lead to fire and explosion that can cause serious bodily injury or death.
LOADING PASSENGERS AND GEAR
Use caution when using blended fuels. The motor and/or fuel system
was designed for fuels with lower levels of alcohol than may be available
to you today. Fuels like E85 and E15 are very harmful to the fuel system
in this boat. Do not use fuels like E85 and E15 because they may destroy
or severely damage your fuel system or motor.
Overloading and improper distribution of weight are significant causes of
accidents. Capacity plates, located near the helm, show maximum loads
under normal conditions. Keep weight below maximum limits for safety
in turbulent waters. Overloading is a violation of U.S. Coast Guard
regulations. All boats are subject to U.S. Coast Guard safe loading
and labeling requirements.
Follow these procedures to fill the primary tank and the
additional tank (if provided):
1. Remove the fuel fill cap from the tank fitting and insert the
fuel supply nozzle.
The U.S. Coast Guard requires that a plate stating the
maximum load capacity be affixed to all boats. This plate
shows the load in pounds (occupants and gear) the boat can
carry safely under normal conditions.
2. After pumping approximately 5-10 gallons (19-38 liters) of
fuel into the tank, inspect the engine and fuel tank area for
signs of fuel leakage. If fuel cannot be pumped into the tank at
a reasonable rate, check for a plugged fuel vent or a kink in the
line. Contact your dealer if slow filling continues.
3. If you find it necessary to fuel your boat from a can or
unapproved fill nozzle, you may encounter difficulty filling your
gas tank. Please contact your dealer to obtain a fill-assist device.
4. When you have finished fueling, replace the fuel fill cap.
Listen for the “click” to ensure proper closure.
5. Open the fuel tank area. If canvas is in place, open it to
ventilate enclosed area. Check for fuel fumes or fuel line leakage.
Investigate and correct the source of fumes or fuel leakage
before starting the engine.
5.2
LOADING PASSENGERS AND GEAR
(CONTINUED)
Outboards
1. Secure the boat to the dock or mooring slip before
attempting to start the engine.
Powering and load capacities of pontoon boats follow the
recommended practices of the American Boat Yacht Council,
section H-35, and certified by the NMMA (National Marine
Manufacturers Association). These capacities are based on
formulas involving the length and volume of the pontoons as
well as specific test procedures.
2. Lower the outboard to the run position. Make sure all cooling water intake holes are submerged.
3. Check the fuel supply to ensure you have enough fuel for your expected travel plan.
4. Squeeze the fuel line primer bulb several times until it feels firm (outboard motors only).
You, the operator, are responsible for using common sense
and sound judgment when loading your pontoon. By their
nature, pontoons may have less buoyancy at the bow. Keep
the load balanced. Have someone on the dock pass your
gear aboard. Secure all gear firmly so that it will not move or
interfere with boat operation. Be sure all required safety gear
is aboard and easily accessible. The proper way to distribute
the weight of the passengers is to arrange them so that there
is less weight at the bow. Bow pedistal seats are not to be
occupied while the boat is underway. This helps to ensure
that water does not wash onto the deck during certain
water conditions.
5. Attach stop switch lanyard to the operator. See engine Owner’s Manual for specific instructions.
Gasoline vapors are highly explosive. To prevent a possible explosion and
fire, check for fumes or accumulation of fuel before each engine start.
6. Make sure throttle is in the neutral position.
7. If you are starting a cold engine, move the fast idle lever to mid-position.
Wet surfaces can be slippery. Passengers should wear adequate deck
shoes while boarding and underway to avoid accidental slipping and injury.
8.
Passengers should board the boat one at a time. Always
step onto the boat, never jump. Check that all passengers
are seated in a proper seat. Do not allow passengers to ride
outside the deck rails or on the sundeck. Falls from moving
boats are a major cause of marine accidents.
Turn the key to START position. Do not operate the starter continuously for more than 10 seconds without pausing. Allow the starter to cool between start
attempts. See engine Owner’s Manual for details.
NOTE: The engine the will not turn over if shift lever is not
engaged. If the engine does not turn over, the shift lever may
not be in neutral. Move the throttle lever up and down slightly
and try again.
9. If the engine is equipped with a carburetor, run the
engine approximately 1-2 minutes at fast idle speed (1200 to 1500 RPM) to warm up the engine. Keep the boat secure at the dock until the engine is warmed up. Return the fast idle lever to the down position after warm-up.
Passengers occupying swivel or high platform seats may be thrown overboard
while accelerating or during sharp turns when running at speeds greater
than trolling speed. Injury or drowning is possible. Be sure all passengers are
seated properly. Follow instructions stated in safety labels on seat posts.
Be sure all passengers are seated properly. Swivel and pedestal form seats may turn suddenly while underway. Those
seat are equipped with lever locks to prevent the seats from
turning freely. These locks must be engaged while the boat is
moving faster than trolling speed. Swivel seats within 4 feet
of the front rails should not be occupied while boat is moving faster than trolling speed. All passengers should remain
seated in a appropriate seat while boat is moving, even at
trolling speeds. Seats designed for use at cruising speeds are
stationary, have a locking handle, or have a lever lock. For
seats with a locking handle, engage the lock by flipping the
handle to keep the seat from swiveling.
Inboard/Outboards or Stern Drive Engines
An inboard/outboard engine is available on some models as
optional equipment. Refer to the engine owner’s manual for
detailed pre-start and starting instructions specific to your
boat’s engine.
1.
Secure the boat to the dock or mooring slip before
attempting to start the engine.
2. Check the fuel supply to ensure you have enough fuel for your expected travel plan.
STARTING THE ENGINE
3. Check the engine oil level.
The following information is merely a guide and not intended
to explain in detail all starting procedures and instructions.
Refer to the engine Owner’s Manual for detailed pre-start
and starting instructions specific to your boat’s engine.
4. Inspect the fuel, oil, exhaust, and power steering
systems for leaks.
5. Run the blower for 5 minutes before attempting to
start the engine.
5.3
6. Lower the stern drive to the run position. Make sure all cooling water intake holes are submerged.
7.
Attach the stop switch lanyard to operator. See engine Owner’s Manual for specific instructions.
Passengers are to remain seated while casting off and underway. Sudden
or unexpected movements may cause passenger to fall. Make sure passengers seated ahead of the helm console do not obstruct driver’s vision.
STEERING
Gasoline vapors are highly explosive. To prevent a possible explosion and
fire, check for fumes or accumulation of fuel before each engine start.
Boat steering is not self-centering. Steering is affected by
engine and propeller torque, trim tab setting, wave and current action, and the speed of the tubes through the water.
Constant attention to steering is required for safe operation.
8. Make sure throttle is in the neutral position.
9.
If the engine has a carburetor and the engine is cold,
advance the throttle several times and leave it in the SLOW/START position. This actuates the carburetor
accelerator pump and feeds fuel to the engine.
10.
Turn the key to the START position. Do not operate the
starter continuously for more than 10 seconds without pausing. Allow the starter to cool between start
attempts. See engine Owner’s Manual for details.
Watch the stern when you turn! Steering a boat is like
driving a car with rear-wheel drive on slippery pavement
(Figure 5-2). When you turn the steering wheel, the stern
responds first by swinging in the opposite direction of the
bow. When you are leaving the dock or trying to avoid an
object in the water, this swing can be critical. Trimming
your engine can make steering the boat easier. Be sure to
balance your passengers. Too much weight in the bow can
make steering more difficult.
NOTE: The engine will not turn over if the shift lever is
engaged. If the engine does not turn over, the shift lever
may not be in neutral. Move the throttle lever up and down
slightly and try again.
FIGURE 5-2 STEERING
11. If the engine is equipped with a carburetor, run the
engine approximately 1-2 minutes at fast idle speed
(1200 to 500 RPM) to warm up the engine. Keep the boat secure at the dock until the engine is warmed up. Return the fast idle lever to the down position after warm-up.
RIGHT TURN
Turn wheel to right–
Stern will move to left.
LEAVING THE DOCK
LEFT TURN
Turn wheel to left–
Stern will move to right.
BACKING TO LEFT
Turn wheel to left–
Stern will pull to left.
Always give yourself plenty of room to make a turn. You
should also slow the speed of your boat while turning.
Never make sharp, fast turns because you can easily endanger your passengers or lose control of your boat.
After the engine has warmed up, you are ready to leave the
dock. Before you cast off, check all gauges for proper readings. If the oil pressure reading is abnormally low, or the
temperature reading is abnormally high, stop the engine
immediately. Check the operation of the steering by turning
the steering wheel to full port and to full starboard while observing outdrive movement. With boat still securely moored
to the dock and engine idling, move the throttle forward,
then aft, then back to neutral to check for proper shifting.
Check wind, tide and current or other forces that will affect the way you maneuver your boat away from the dock.
Release the mooring lines and stow fenders.
When making tight turns, trim engine in for better handling.
Since both the thrust and steering are at the stern of the
boat, the stern pushes away from the direction of the turn.
The bow follows a smaller turning circle than the stern
(Figure 5-3).
FIGURE 5-3 TURNING
When you have completed these pre-departure checks, shift
your boat’s engine into forward or reverse depending on
whether you want to move the bow or the stern away from
the dock first. Move the throttle lever to neutral, then push
forward quickly and firmly to shift into forward gear or pull
back to shift into reverse. Your engine should be running at a
slow speed as you move away from the dock. If you move the
bow out first, watch that the stern does not swing into the
dock or a piling.
BOW
CIRCLE
5.4
STERN
CIRCLE
BOAT SPEED
upwards and generally increases top speed. Excessive trimming up can cause ventilation (Figure 5-4). Trimming down
can cause the front of the tubes to plow through the water
and can slow the boat down, a slight “up” trim angle is generally desirable. Adjusting trim to existing conditions while
underway is necessary for good performance (Figure 5-4).
The trim gauge is a general guide only, and accuracy of the
gauge may vary from motor to motor. See your dealer to see
if your gauge can be adjusted. Trim cannot be adjusted while
running on boats equipped with a manual tilt system.
The maximum speed at which you can make sudden turns
without losing control of your boat is called the maneuvering
speed of your boat. Maneuvering speed varies depending on
wind, waves and other factors. Some boats display a warning
advising that maneuverability above a given speed is limited.
This speed is based on tests in calm water. There are minimum safe speeds for certain conditions as well, maintaining
headway in a cross wind, for example. Some careful experimentation will serve you well later on. When you encounter a
potentially hazardous situation, adjust speed accordingly.
Pace your speed so that you have enough time to respond to
an emergency. Never drive your boat directly behind a water
skier in case the water skier falls. For example, at
25 miles per hour (40 km/h), your boat is traveling more
than 35 feet per second (10.7 m/s). If a skier falls 200 feet
(61 m) ahead, your boat will overtake the fallen skier in less
than 6 seconds.
TRIM
DN
TRIM
UP
DN
TRIM
UP
DN
TRIM
UP
INCORRECT
Causes boat to "plow"
ACCELERATING
TRIM
Acceleration at full throttle is not recommended during the motor break-in
period. Refer to the Owner’s Manual for the correct way to break in your
boat’s motor.
CORRECT
Gives maximum performance
When you throttle up and accelerate, your boat increases the
trim angle which causes the boat to ride bow high. Get on
plane as quickly as possible. It should only take a few seconds at full throttle for your boat to level out. Accelerate until
you reach a comfortable plane then throttle down to cruising
speed. This also provides for better fuel efficiency.
TRIM
INCORRECT
Causes boat to "porpoise"
FIGURE 5-4 TRIMMING
TRIMMING
You can quickly correct minor deficiencies in your boat’s
ride by shifting passengers and gear forward or aft. Shifting
weight has the same effect as changing the angle on the
drive unit. By taking a little extra time to carefully place such
items as coolers, water jugs and the anchor, you can create a
more desirable trim.
The following summarizes general principles for trimming
your boat. For a more detailed discussion of trimming, refer
to your engine Owner’s Manual about the trim controls
installed on your boat.
The outboard or stern drive must be trimmed to adjust to
the ideal boat angle for given load and water conditions.
Depending on the motor provided with your boat, it will
have power trim controls or a manual tilt system. With either
system, the outboard should be trimmed so that it is perpendicular to the water when the boat is running at full speed
(Figure 5-4).
Any passenger changing position while underway must be very careful to
prevent injury or falling overboard. If passenger position must be changed,
operator must first reduce speed.
On two-tube boats, trimming the motor does not significantly
affect boat attitude, but it does improve engine efficiency.
On the other hand, a triple tube and PTX™ boat rides higher
in the water, accelerates more rapidly, and is more responsive in turns. Trimming is more likely to affect boat attitude,
but the effect will be less than trimming a boat with a planing hull.
At low idle speed, an outboard can be tilted up past trim
range to permit operation in shallow water. However, the
engine’s cooling water intake holes must always remain submerged. Otherwise the engine will overheat.
On boats equipped with power trim controls, trim can be
adjusted while running. Trimming out or up lifts the bow
Use extreme caution when operating with drive unit raised. Cooling water
intake holes must remain submerged. See Owner’s Manual for details.
5.5
GENERAL RULES OF SEAMANSHIP
Dropping Anchor
1. Cross waves at right angles.
1.
2.
When caught in heavy water or squalls, head either
directly into the waves or at a slight angle. Reduce
speed, but maintain enough power to maneuver your
boat safely.
3.
Keep your speed under control. Respect the rights of
boaters engaged in fishing, swimming, water skiing or
diving. Give them “wide berth.” Never follow behind a water skier.
2. Maneuver the boat slowly aft until the proper length of
line is run out.
3. Fasten the anchor line around the deck cleat. Anchor
flukes should dig into the bottom and hold boat in position.
4.
4. When meeting a boat head-on, keep to the right
whenever possible.
5. When two boats cross, the boat to starboard has the right
of way.
Weighing, or pulling in the anchor, requires moving the boat
towards the anchor and pulling in the anchor line as the boat
moves. When the line is vertical, pull up firmly on the anchor
line to free the flukes from the bottom. If the anchor remains
stuck, feed out a few feet of line and attach it to the bow
cleat. Maneuver the boat around the anchor, keeping the
line taut until you find an angle that will pull the anchor free.
Remove all aquatic plants and dirt from anchor before putting
it in the boat.
STOPPING
You cannot stop a boat as quickly as a land vehicle because a
boat has no brakes. Stop the boat by allowing it to slow down
to less than 5 miles per hour (8 km/h). Then, put the engine
in reverse. By slowly increasing reverse power, you can stop
the boat in a short distance. Remember that the boat does
not respond to steering in reverse as well as it does when
going forward.
DOCKING
Always approach the dock slowly. If possible, come in against
the wind or current, whichever is stronger. Come in at a 3045° angle. As the boat nears the dock, slowly swing parallel to
it. If wind or current is moving toward the dock, move parallel to the dock further out. Let the wind or current push you
in. Use extreme caution if wind or current is from your stern.
Approach slowly at a slight angle with engine in slow reverse.
Gently swing parallel. Tie stern first, then the bow.
ANCHORING
Anchor your boat if you stop for recreation or an emergency.
The size and weight of your boat govern the weight of the
anchor and the diameter of the anchor line. A burying anchor
grips into the bottom and holds your boat secure. Holding
power should be more important than weight. Your dealer
can help you select the proper anchoring equipment.
If the weather looks bad, use spring-lines from the bow and
stern to dock amidships of the boat. Tie up on the downwind
side of the dock. If the wind is changeable, place fenders over
the side between the boat and the dock. Do not tie your boat
using the ski eye or ski pylon.
The length of the anchor line should be six to eight times the
depth of the water to assure that the anchor bites into the
bottom. The bottom end of the anchor line should be galvanized chain. The rest of the line should be nylon anchor line.
Keep anchor secure while underway to prevent damage or
injury if the boat’s attitude changes suddenly. If your boat
has a power winch, do not use it as the primary source for
securing the anchor or anchor line. See the power winch
instruction manual for details about proper operation and
maintenance.
MOORING
After you have positioned your boat next to the dock, you
must secure it with mooring lines to keep it in position. Mooring lines must be long enough to secure your boat wherever
it may be docked. For example, the length of the lines for a
20-foot (6.1 m) pontoon should be at least 19 feet (5.8 m).
An eye splice at the end of each line works well with bow or
stern cleats.
These are some general guidelines for anchoring your boat:
• Secure the anchor line to the deck cleat. Do not tie line to hardware or a railing not designed to support this stress.
The mooring lines used most often are the bow line, the stern
line, and spring lines (Figure 5-5). Each line has a specific purpose. The bow line and the stern line secure your boat’s bow
and stern. The two spring lines keep your boat from moving
forward or backward when you are moored alongside a dock.
If you are anchoring for more than a few hours, use more than one anchor. If you use only one anchor, make sure
your boat has enough space to swing full circle in case of shifting winds.
• Keep the anchor and line in an area where it will be
readily available in an emergency.
Check shoreline landmarks when you drop anchor. Check the position of the landmarks again 30 minutes later. If your boat’s position has changed, the anchor is dragging and must be reset.
Weighing Anchor
6. When overtaking or passing, the boat being passed has the right of way. The boat being passed is required to maintain the same course and speed.
•
Have a crew member carefully lower the anchor, keeping
a slight tension on the line as the anchor drops. Maintain tension after the anchor reaches the bottom. Simply
throwing the anchor overboard usually fouls the line and requires starting over.
5.6
If you are mooring your boat for a short time, bow and stern
lines may be the only lines you need. If you are mooring your
boat for a longer time or the currents are swift, you should
use spring lines. The stern spring line leads from the boat’s
stern cleat forward to the piling or cleat on the dock. The bow
spring line leads from the bow cleat aft to the dock. Do not
moor your boat using the ski eye or ski pylon.
Fire or Explosion
If a fire occurs, stop the boat immediately. Position the boat
so that the fire is downwind. Boat fires involving flammable
liquids, such as gasoline, can be extinguished with your dry
chemical or carbon dioxide type extinguisher. Read the extinguisher directions and memorize them. Be prepared to use
the extinguisher quickly if the need arises.
If you are mooring your boat in a slip, bow and spring lines,
port and starboard, will keep your boat in position.
You must decide quickly whether to abandon ship or stay
aboard and try to extinguish it. If the fire involves a trash
container, smoldering upholstery or an electrical fire, try to
extinguish the blaze by aiming the extinguisher nozzle at the
base of the flame. However, a fire involving the fuel system
greatly increases the danger of an explosion. If it is necessary
to abandon ship, make sure all passengers wear a PFD or
take it with them before going overboard.
NOTE: If tides are a consideration, be sure to leave slack in
the lines to make up for the rise and fall of the water while
your boat is docked.
Fire is an immediate danger after a gasoline vapor explosion.
Gasoline floats on water and can spread out over the surface
of the water. If you do abandon ship, keep yourself and your
passengers clear of the burning boat.
Storms
Storms sometimes appear without advance notice. Although
weather information from meteorological observation and
reporting stations is available, weather bureau predictions can
be wrong or information gathering equipment can fail. Many
marinas fly weather signals. You should learn to recognize
these signals and monitor your local weather forecasts before
leaving port. Watch the horizon for indications of an approaching storm.
The present and forecasted weather conditions are of primary
consideration, but a threat of possible storms should always
be a concern. There is no substitute for a strong understanding of what action to take when the weather takes a turn for
the worst. Return to a safe port if time allows. If it is impossible to do so, stow or tie down all loose gear and instruct
everyone aboard to put on a PFD.
FIGURE 5-5 MOORING
EMERGENCY OPERATION
Boaters should respond to emergency calls if they are nearby
and can help. You are expected to proceed to the scene and
render assistance. Distress calls often are made for assistance
with a disabled boat. A VHF marine radio (channel 16) is the
best device for calling for help. Two international emergency
signals are MAYDAY (life/death situation, request immediate assistance) and PAN PAN (safety of the boat or person in
jeopardy).
Fog
When warm air is above cooler water, its temperature drops.
As the air cools, it loses its ability to hold moisture and fog
develops when the air temperature drops to the dew point
temperature. Dew point temperature depends on the amount
of humidity in the air. You should be aware that fog can form
quickly as the air temperature drops, especially if the air is
calm and humid. Remember the following guidelines:
The Federal Boat Safety Act of 1971 requires boat operators
involved in accidents to offer aid to others in the accident and in
emergencies. The law’s “Good Samaritan” clause also absolves
you from civil liability in the event that your assistance causes
bodily injury or property damage.
• Turn on running lights.
• Instruct everyone onboard to put on a PFD.
• If your boat has depth finding equipment, take soundings
and match them with soundings on your charts.
As a boat owner, you have accepted many responsibilities. You
should know how to cope with any type of emergency that could
occur on your boat or someone else’s. There is a way to handle
each emergency – if you do not panic! Proceed calmly using
good common sense. Some tips for particular situations are listed
below.
• Station a person forward on the boat as a lookout.
• Reduce your speed. From time to time, stop the engine 5.7
dling characteristics. If the engine vibrates excessively after
striking an underwater obstruction, it may indicate a damaged propeller. If vibration is noticeable, return to port slowly
to prevent further drive and engine damage from an out-ofbalance condition. Watch the temperature gauge to make
sure the engine does not overheat.
and listen for fog signals.
• Sound the horn at proper intervals to warn other
boaters.
• If there is any doubt in continuing boat movement, anchor. Listen for other fog signals while continuing to sound the
fog horn for a boat at anchor.
Towing and Being Towed
Man Overboard
If wind and waves are high, it may not be easy to extend the
tow line from one boat to another without risking a collision.
Use a light throwing line with a weight on one end and the
heavier towing line secured to it. Do not tow other boats with
the ski tow bar.
If someone in your boat falls overboard, turn the steering
wheel to move the propeller away from the person. Circle
around quickly, approaching into the wind and waves. Turn
off the engine when the person is alongside. If he/she is able
to grasp, throw him/her a line or extend a paddle or a boat
hook within his/her reach. Help the person back on board.
ACCIDENT REPORTING
NOTE: The operator of a vessel that is being used
for recreational purposes is required to file a report immediately to the reporting authority in the
state where the accident occurred whenever an
accident results in: loss of life or disappearance of a
person; an injury which requires medical treatment
beyond first aid; property damage of $2,000 or
more; or complete loss of the vessel. State authorities may require reports of property damage less
than $2,000. The owner of the vessel shall file the
report if the operator cannot.
Do not dive over the side after an unconscious person or
non-swimmer unless you are trained in lifesaving techniques.
It is harder to save two people than one. If the victim has
sunk out of sight, probe gently beneath the surface with a
paddle or boat hook. Do not restart the engine until you have
drifted clear of the victim’s suspected location.
Collision
If you are involved in a collision with a boat, or with a fixed
object such as a pier, sandbar, reef or bridge, check for
injuries and render first aid if necessary. Before proceeding,
check out your boat thoroughly. Check steering cables for
possible jamming. Raise the motor and inspect for possible
propeller or lower unit damage. Proceed carefully to port and
remove the boat from the water to thoroughly inspect it for
damage.
The form can be obtained by contacting the U.S.
Coast Guard information line at 1-800-368-5647.
Running Aground
To prevent boat damage, DO NOT use deck hardware for towing. Use a
commercial towing service.
Operating in shallow water can present a number of hazards.
Sand bars in narrow inlets are constantly shifting, making it
difficult to mark them with buoys. Sometimes, sand bars are
indicated by waves as they form into breakers when passing
over sand bars.
If your boat runs aground, first check persons aboard for
injury, then check for damage to the boat. It may be possible
to rock the boat by shifting the weight of the passengers and
gear and by raising the drive unit while reversing the engine.
If you ground your boat on a sand bar, shut down the engine
and seek help from another boater or radio for help. See your
dealer as soon as possible, as sand ingested in the engine
cooling system can cause major engine damage.
If the drive unit strikes an underwater hazard, check for boat
and drive unit damage. Tubes still float if they are punctured.
Go at a slower speed. A water-logged tube may change han-
5.8
6 CARING FOR YOUR BOAT
Corrosion/Electrolysis
Proper care helps assure that your boat will continue to look
like new after years of service. We recommend that maintenance and repairs be performed by your dealer, however,
some owners may prefer to take care of routine maintenance
and repairs themselves. For those individuals, this chapter
includes general information and basic procedures.
Modern boat building techniques minimize corrosion problems on aluminum models; nevertheless, corrosion can occur
when dissimilar metals come in contact and are wetted by
contaminated water. In general, saltier water leads to faster
corrosion. To minimize this problem, use a gasket when
mounting non-aluminum fixtures or hardware to aluminum.
Never use an aluminum boat as the ground wire for an electrical circuit. Electrical equipment should be completely insulated from the vessel to eliminate electrolysis and corrosion.
When your boat is not in use, protect it from the elements by
storing it inside, under a roof, with a mooring cover or playpen cover over it, or with furniture covers installed. Do not
store your boat outside. Do not dock the boat under trees, as
dirt, leaves and other debris will accumulate on the floor and
vinyl surfaces. This may cause stains or mold.
NOTE: There is danger of an electric current in the water near
boats linked to shore power.
IMPORTANT: Check with your dealer before beginning any
maintenance or repair if you are not sure about the proper
tools, equipment and supplies to be used. Wash your boat
and tubes after each use. Check with your local dealer for
proper care and maintenance if using in salt or brackish
waters.
Sacrificial anodes are required for saltwater and help reduce
the chances of damage to your boat. Call your dealer with
questions.
IMPORTANT: Do not attach copper, steel, brass or bronze directly to the aluminum on your pontoon. Doing so may cause
an electrolytic reaction. Use only aluminum or stainless steel
or separate dissimilar metals with a gasket.
NOTE: Always refer to the manufacturers’ manuals for detailed maintenance and repair procedures. If information in
this manual conflicts with information in the manufacturer’s
manuals, the manufacturers’ manuals must take precedence.
PLASTIC COMPONENT MAINTENANCE
Keep the dull and shiny plastic surfaces clean in order to prevent dust and dirt from forming an unattractive film.
ENGINE
Refer to the engine Owner’s Manual for recommended frequencies and detailed information about engine care, maintenance and recommended fuels. If you have operated the boat
in shallow or salt water, flush the engine with fresh water at
the end of your boating excursion.
Clean the dull and rough plastic surfaces with warm soapy
water and a scrub brush. Be sure to use mild soap, a dish liquid or equivalent, and a soft bristled brush. Do not at any time
use an abrasive detergent/vehicle cleaner or a wire bristled
brush. The plastic can become permanently scratched. Cleaning the shiny and smooth plastic components requires different care. Use a spray bottle glass cleaner and soft cotton
cloth or sponge. Having a soft cloth/sponge is vital to cleaning. Also, make sure the cleaner used is specified as a glass
treatment. If these specific products are not used, serious
damage to the plastic may result. For maximum shine, polish
the smooth plastic surfaces in a light circular motion.
ALUMINUM SURFACES
Cleaning
Treat natural aluminum portions of aluminum boats with a
clear protective coating to reduce natural oxidation. Rinse
occasionally with clear water or mild detergent to keep these
portions of the boat clean. Use water and mild detergent for
cleaning and protect the surface with a liquid cleaner or wax.
Do not use harsh chemicals or abrasives.
TUBES
If a rock, log or other obstacle punctures a tube, it will not fill
completely with water. If water enters a portion of the tube,
the boat will list, but it will not sink. Repairing a punctured
tube requires specialized welding skills. Contact your dealer
for tube repairs.
Remove stains or light corrosion with a good metal polish.
Buff with a fine rubbing compound only if necessary. Remove
algae, scum, or other marine growth while they are still wet.
They are much harder to remove if they have had a chance to
dry out.
The tubes of your boat may be coated with a clear material designed to lengthen the time your boat looks new. This
coating is not designed to last more than part of a season. If
you would like to clean or repair your tubes, please see your
dealer for help.
Painting
Some anti-fouling paints react adversely with aluminum. Do
not use paints containing copper, mercury or lead on aluminum boats with or without primer. Anti-fouling paint may be
used if you do not run your boat in salt water. Ask your dealer
to recommend the right paint for your situation.
SALT WATER USE
If your boat is in contact with salt water, remove it from the
6.1
water after each use and flush it from top to bottom, inside
and out with fresh water. Clean hardware and spray with a
marine corrosion inhibitor every week or even more often.
Salt water can also affect the engine. Contact your dealer or
Premier Marine for additional information about using your
boat in salt water.
(“Canvas” in this section refers to the various enclosures
available, Bimini tops and boat covers.) If canvas is wet, let it
air dry before you store it. Never store canvas damp or wet.
Provide proper ventilation to limit the possibility of mildew.
Canvas covers are not water tight, they may drip at seams.
Seam sealer and/or a water proffer designed for canvas is
recommended for sealing the cover.
Keep the canvas clean. Dirt and dust on canvas support the
formation of mildew. To clean the canvas, wet down all of
the canvas material. Scrub it with a soft bristle brush and
a solution of mild soap and water. Never use a detergent or
bleach on your canvas. Brush or sweep the underside of the
top. Spray with Lysol or other disinfectant to prevent mildew.
Lubricate zippers with paraffin and snaps with petroleum jelly.
DO NOT store boats on carpeted bunks or any other type of surface that
can hold salt or any other chemicals near or on the surface of the boat.
These surfaces WILL corrode and damage the boat.
Sacrificial Anodes are required for saltwater and help reduce
the chances of damage to your boat. Call your dealer with
questions.
DECK HARDWARE AND FITTINGS
Clean the plastic windows by flushing them with clear water.
After the dirt is removed, use an appropriate window cleaner.
Do not wipe dirt from dry plastics or use abrasives. The plastic can become permanently scratched or dulled.
Clean all cleats, rails, and similar equipment periodically with
good chrome cleaner and polish with paste wax to prevent
corrosion. Replace broken or damaged hardware by bolting it
through the deck while using a reinforcing block underneath.
FLOOR COVERINGS
Use deck hardware only for its intended purpose. Do not use
stanchions for tying off fenders, mooring lines, or water ski
ropes. A mooring cleat should not be used for a water ski
rope if obstructions prevent it from swinging in a proper arc.
Clean both the vinyl and marine carpet with a diluted household
cleaner and warm water. Apply with a scrub brush. Rinse thoroughly. See the cleaning and care instructions in your Owner’s
Packet. A spray washer may be used to clean floor coverings.
Sunlight and ozone eventually cause a loss of elasticity in rubber components. Inspect them frequently and replace them
when signs of hardening or surface cracking are detected.
Berber Carpet and High Low Carpets
Do not attempt any service work on Berber carpet
until you read this warning.
SEAT COVERINGS AND VINYL
This style of carpet can and will run if not drilled or cut
correctly. If you have any questions please call your
dealer before attempting service work. Premier will not
be responsible for any damages to Berber carpet.
The vinyl used on your boat requires routine care. See the
cleaning and care instructions in your Owner’s Packet. Keep
the vinyl clean and dry to keep mildew from forming. Open
the seat cushions and wipe them dry after each use. In very
rainy weather, cover, open or remove cushions since seams
can trap and absorb moisture. If you remove the cushions,
store in a dry, well-ventilated place. Keep the boat covered
when not in use to prevent aging of the upholstery.
FIBERGLASS AND COMPOSITES
The console and certain optional equipment such as galleys,
motor covers, raised platforms, and rod lockers may be made
of fiberglass or composite materials. Use caution while repairing or cleaning these products. You can scratch or melt these
surfaces beyond repair.
Each week, wipe all vinyl surfaces with a soft damp cloth and
towel dry. For dirt and stains that cannot be removed with a
damp cloth, clean with a mild soap and water solution and, if
necessary, a soft bristle brush. Rinse thoroughly and towel dry.
Check your boat packet for complete cleaning instructions.
Keep these surfaces clean to prevent dirt from scratching and
dulling the finish. Clean them with a mild detergent and water. Do not use abrasives! At least twice a year, apply a coat of
wax after cleaning and buff with a soft cloth to bring back the
original sheen. If the fiberglass surface has oxidized (appearing as a light white milky film), you may want to use a rubbing compound before waxing. Your dealer can recommend a
good commercial product to use.
Suntan lotion and insect repellents can stain vinyl quickly and
cause vinyl surfaces to deteriorate. Remove these products
immediately after contact and wash the area with a mild soap
solution. Rinse and towel dry.
IMPORTANT: Harsh detergents, abrasives, bleach and solvents can cause permanent damage to vinyl upholstery. Refer
to the manufacturer’s instructions for recommended stain
removal procedures located in your packet.
TUBE MAINTENANCE
Use a commercial hull cleaner and a brush to remove algae or
scum on the tubes. They are easier to remove if they are not
allowed to dry out. If your boat will remain in the water, check
with your dealer about the best method for preventing algae
or scum buildup that is common in your area.
CANVAS AND BOAT COVER
The canvas and boat cover are composed of a coated heavyduty polyester fabric. They resist mildew, rot and the weather.
6.2
7 WINTERIZATION & STORAGE
This chapter includes general information for winterizing and
storing your boat after the boating season. Your dealer can advise you about preparing your boat for storage. Following the
procedures in this section helps extend the life of your boat
and its equipment and simplifies fitting out after storage.
life jackets and other safety equipment inboard, be sure to
leave space around them for adequate air circulation.
Engine
Refer to the engine manufacturer’s manual for detailed information about preparing the outboard or I/O engine for winter
storage. It is recommended that a fuel stabilizer be added to
the gas in the tank.
Ventilation is very important during storage. Indoor storage
is ideal, especially in areas where ice and snow accumulate.
Make sure the storage building has adequate ventilation.
If you use outdoor storage facilities, have your boat shrink
wrapped by a dealer or cover your boat with a canvas cover.
Provide ventilation to keep the boat from “sweating” by building a frame over the boat to support the canvas. Build the
frame several inches wider than the boat so the canvas will
clear the rails.
Batteries
Remove the batteries and store them in a location away from
freezing temperatures. Batteries should be stored in a cool,
dry place on a wooden pallet. Do not place batteries directly
on concrete, brick, or dirt floors because the charge will be
absorbed into the ground. Charge the batteries once a month
or apply a continuous trickle charge while they are being
stored.
Before preparing your boat for winter storage, thoroughly
check the condition of the boat, its systems and equipment.
Note any repairs needed. The need for repairs may become
apparent during winterization. Make arrangements to have the
repairs completed.
PREPARATION FOR STORAGE
Battery electrolyte can cause severe eye damage and burn your skin. Wear
goggles, rubber gloves and a protective apron when working with a battery. If
the electrolyte spills, wash the area with a solution of baking soda and water.
Preparing your boat for winter storage is similar to the routine
exterior care. Refer to Chapter 6 for specific cleaning solutions and procedures.
Clean the outside of the battery case, terminals and battery
clamps with a baking soda and water solution. Do not allow
the solution to enter the battery cells.
Lifting Your Boat
The best way to lift your boat out of the water is to load it
on your trailer (see Chapter 4 for instructions). If a trailer is
not available, arrange to have a marina lift your boat out of
the water. Workers at the marina know the proper way to lift
your boat and have the proper equipment available. See your
dealer if you have questions about lifting your boat.
Clean battery posts and clamps with a piece of fine grit emery cloth. Use a light sanding motion when cleaning. Apply a
light coat of petroleum jelly to cover the ends of the battery
cables.
Freshwater System
IMPORTANT: Aluminum eyelets or stainless steel U-bolts on
tubes are to be used only for mooring. Attaching lifting lines
at these points may damage the tubes.
Remove water tank and drain. Make sure water supply hoses
from the tank are drained.
Tubes
Livewell
Scrape off any crusted marine growth and barnacles, then
scrub thoroughly to remove marine growth and scum. Check
for dents, water in the tubes and cracks. Make any necessary
repairs.
Remove the standpipe tube and allow all water to drain from
the livewells. Run the livewell pump just long enough to ensure that all water is removed. Remove the livewell inlet hose
and drain.
Deck
SUPPORTING YOUR BOAT DURING STORAGE
Wash the deck and walkway surfaces. Clean the marine grade
carpet. Clean all deck hardware with good stainless or chrome
cleaner, then apply one coat of rust inhibitor. Corrosion inhibitors are available from your dealer.
Your boat’s trailer is the ideal support during storage or
whenever it is not in the water because it supports the boat
under the main frames. Loosen or remove all tiedowns.
Place blocks under the axles to keep tires away from the
ground.
Remove all cushions and any other items that can hold moisture and cause mildew. Cushions may be left on board only if
they can be propped open where air can circulate. If you leave
If your boat is not stored on the trailer, see your Authorized
Premier Dealer for proper storage procedures.
7.1
10. Test the operation of the navigational lights and other lighting on board. Repair or replace as necessary.
If you are storing your boat on a lift, make sure it is supported properly on the bulkheads of the tubes. A bunk type support should support the entire length of the tubes. A folding
lift type should support the entire length of the deck.
11. Reinstall the drain plug after coating the threads
with Teflon® tape. Some models have expandable
rubber drain plugs. Be sure they are tight.
Always store your boat with the bow higher than the stern
to prevent possible damage by way of water freezing in the
nose cone areas.
12. Check all steering controls, cables and linkage for free operation.
13. Test run the engine as directed in the equipment
manuals.
6"x12" or more
6"x12" or more
14. Check that water intake for the livewell pump is clear.
Sea
m
We
ld
Sea
m
We
ld
We
ld
Sea
m
IMPORTANT: Improper storage of your boat can cause boat
damage that is not covered by the warranty.
•
6"x12" or more
RECOMMISSIONING AFTER STORAGE
Fitting out is not difficult if the boat was properly prepared
for storage. Before launching your boat, do not load unneeded equipment or personal items until the launch and final
checkout are complete. For detailed information on recommissioning your boat’s systems and equipment, refer to the
Owner’s Manual for each system or component.
1. Inspect, visually and by smelling, the fuel system and all associated components for proper connections, wear, leaks or other damage and needed repair. Inspection of the fuel system is a most important safety precaution.
2. Check propellers for proper installation and tightness.
Clean the propeller if necessary.
3. Inspect all life jackets, anchor lines and other safety equipment for proper operation and physical condition. Repair or replace if necessary.
4. Check all safety equipment including flares, flags, fire extinguishers, and first aid kits. Replace equipment as necessary.
5. Check the charge on your battery. Recharge or replace it if necessary.
6. Clean battery terminal posts and cable terminal with
a wire brush or bronze wool. Inspect all battery wiring. Repair or replace if necessary.
7.
Install the batteries and attach the cables. After cable posts are tightened down, smear posts with petroleum jelly or marine grade grease to keep out air and acid. Check all wiring connections and contacts for corrosion and tightness.
8. Inspect all wiring for fraying, wear, loose connections or other damage. Repair or replace if necessary.
9. Inspect all switches, controls and other related
equipment for proper operation. Repair or replace if
necessary.
7.2
8 HELPFUL INFORMATION
BOATING REGULATIONS
Meeting Head-On
The local Sheriff Marine Patrol, local Coast Guard office, or
state Department of Natural Resources is responsible for
enforcing boating regulations. Their goal is to help the boating public. Your are subject to marine traffic laws and the
“Rules of the Road” for both federal and state waterways; you
must stop if signaled to do so by enforcement officers, and
permit to be boarded if asked. The “Rules of the Road” can
be obtained from your local U.S. Coast Guard Unit or the U.S.
Coast Guard Headquarters by calling 202-512-1800 or faxing
your request to 202-512-2250 and asking for the publication
titled “Navigational Rules, International-Inland.”
When two boats meet head-on, neither boat has the right-ofway. Both boats should decrease speed and pass port to port,
however, if both boats are on the left side of a channel, each
vessel should sound two short horn blasts and pass starboard to
starboard. See Figure 8-1.
Many pamphlets prepared by the Coast Guard are available.
They explain signal lights, buoys, safety, international and
inland regulations, and other information which goes beyond
the scope of this manual. “Aids to Navigation” (U.S. Coast
Guard pamphlet #123) explains the significance of various
lights and buoys. Because of proposed alterations in buoys
and markers, contact the U.S. Coast Guard to stay informed
of changes. Other pamphlets, including the “Boating Safety
Training Manual” and “Federal Requirements For Recreational
Boats,” are also available from the U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters.
HONK
HONK
HONK
HONK
The spoken word “MAYDAY” is the international signal for
distress. MAYDAY should NEVER be used unless there is
grave or imminent danger, and you are in need of immediate
assistance.
PASSING
PORT TO
PORT
RULES OF SEAMANSHIP
FIGURE 8-1 MEETING HEAD-ON
Right-of-Way
Crossing Situations
In general, boats with less maneuverability have right-of-way
over more agile craft. You must stay out of the way of the following vessels:
•
In a crossing situation, the boat on
the right from the 12 to 4 o’clock
position has the right-of-way. It
must hold course and speed. The
boat without right-of-way must
keep clear and pass to the stern.
See Figure 8-2.
A vessel not under command or aground. Due to their
circumstances, these vessels have no maneuverability.
•
A vessel restricted in its maneuverability. These vessels are
performing work which limits their maneuverability such
as: surveying, dredging, laying pipe or cable, or servicing navigational markers among others.
•
A vessel engaged in fishing. These include boats fishing
with lines, trawls or nets, but not trolling lines.
•
Sailboats. Sailboats have the right-of-way over power boats; however, if a sailboat is using a propeller to move forward, it is considered a power boat even if its sails are up.
PASSING
STARBOARD TO
STARBOARD
MEETING
HEAD TO
HEAD
12 O'CLOCK
PRIVILEGED
VESSEL
DANGER ZONE
BURDENED
VESSEL
4 O'CLOCK
FIGURE 8-2 CROSSING
Overtaking
The boat overtaking the one ahead
must yield the right-of-way to the
boat being passed. The overtaking boat must make any necessary
adjustments to keep out of its path.
The boat being passed should hold
its course and speed. See Figure
8-3.
STAND-ON
(PRIVILEGED)
VESSEL BEING
OVERTAKEN
GIVE-WAY
(BURDENED)
VESSEL
OVERTAKING
FIGURE 8-3 OVERTAKING
8.1
The General Prudential Rule
if intent is not clear. A short blast is 1 or 2 seconds long.
A long blast is 4 to 6 seconds long. The Navigational Aids
Chart at the end of this chapter lists the meanings of the
-various whistle signals.
The General Prudential Rule regarding right-of-way is that if a
collision appears unavoidable, neither boat has right-of-way.
As prescribed in the “Rules of the Road,” both boats must act
to avoid collision.
RECOMMENDED READING
Night Running
We recommend that you read the boating literature published
by your state boating agency and the U.S. Coast Guard.
Other suggested reading includes the following:
Boats operating between sunset and sunrise (hours vary by
state), or in conditions of reduced visibility, must use navigational lights. Nighttime operation, especially during bad
weather or fog, can be dangerous. All “Rules of the Road”
apply at night, but it is best to slow down and stay clear of all
boats regardless of who has right-of-way.
United States Coast Guard Auxiliary. Boating Skills and Seamanship. LC74-164688. (illus.) (ISBN 0-930028-00-7). U.S.
Coast Guard.
Bottomley, Tom. Boatman’s Handbook. (illus.). 316 p. pap.
(ISBN 0-688-03925-1, Hearst Marine Bk.) Morrow.
To see more easily at night, avoid bright lights when possible.
Also, it is helpful to have a passenger keep watch for other
boats, water hazards and navigational aids.
Chapman, Charles F. and Maloney. E.S. Chapman’s Piloting, Seamanship and Small Boat Handling. (illus.) 62 p.
(ISBN 0-87851-814-2, Pub. by Hearst Bks.); deluxe ed. (ISBN
0-87851-815-0). Morrow
To determine the size, speed and direction of other vessels
at night, you should use the running lights. A green light
indicates the starboard side, and a red light indicates the port
side. Generally, if you see a green light, you have the right-ofway; if you see a red light, give way to the other vessel.
See Figure 8-4.
CONTACTS
There are many good boating publications that have information about your area and what other boats are doing, such as
clubs and other activities. Education programs are sponsored
by publications and organizations such as the U.S. Power
Squadron, U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary, Canadian Coast Guard,
American Red Cross, or see the country you are operating
your boat in. See your dealer about special courses available
in your area.
WHITE
GREEN
For detailed information, contact:
IF YOU SEE GREEN:
CAUTIOUSLY HOLD
COURSE
RED
American Red Cross
Local address (see local telephone directory)
WHITE
National Marine Manufacturers Association (NMMA)
www.nmma.org
Boat U.S. Foundation for Boating Safety
www.boatus.com
IF YOU SEE RED:
GIVE WAY!
www.uscgboating.org
FIGURE 8-4 NIGHT RUNNING
U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary
Local Flotilla or contact appropriate Coast Guard District
Headquarters
Whistle Signals
U.S. Power Squadron
P.O. Box 30423
Raleigh, NC 27617
www.usps.com
Out on the water, whistle signals are commonly used. Although using a whistle signal is not necessary every time a
boat is nearby, operators must signal their intentions, when
necessary, to avoid potentially confusing or hazardous situations. Use whistle blasts early enough to be noticed and
understood by other boaters.
It is customary for the privileged boat to signal first and the
give way boat to return the same signal to acknowledge she
understands and will comply.
Use the danger signal (five or more short and rapid blasts)
8.2
NAVIGATIONAL AIDS
Aids to navigation (ATONS) help you to travel safely on the
water. They help you get from one place to another and are
most helpful if you have a nautical chart.
NOTE:
IMPORTANT: NEVER tie your vessel to an ATON . It is illegal
because your boat blocks the ATON from the view of other
boaters. Decreased visibility can contribute to a serious accident which may result in property damage, personal injury,
or death.
See inside back
cover for
Navigational
Chart Aids
and
samples of
buoys, signs,
flags, etc.
Navigational Aids Chart
The illustrated Navigational Aids Chart located on the next
two pages contains information concerning whistle signals,
storm warnings, bridge signals, and buoy descriptions and
information. It is your responsibility, as a safe boater, to be
able to identify these navigational aids and to recognize their
importance while learning about these aids to navigation and
using this information while boating.
Regulatory markers are either signs or buoys. Signs are
square with orange borders. Regulatory buoys are white and
shaped like cylinders. They have horizontal orange bands
near their tops and just above the water’s surface. An orange
circle on a marker means a controlled area. A message such
as “No Wake, Idle Speed, No Skiing, or 5 MPH” may appear
on the marker. An orange diamond means danger. If the
diamond has an orange cross inside it, don’t enter the area.
The reason you should stay out, such as “Swim Area,” may
be printed in black on the marker.
A Special Sign
In Florida, you may see a special sign: “Caution, Manatee
Area.” When you see this sign, slow down to idle speed.
Manatees, an endangered species, are passive, large, slowmoving mammals. Many manatees are seriously injured or
killed each year by boat propellers.
8.3
9 BOATING TERMINOLOGY
Abaft
Toward the stern.
Abeam
Amidships, at a right angle to the keel.
Aboard
On, in or into a boat.
ABYC
American Boat and Yacht Council, Inc., the organization that sets voluntary safety and construction standards for small craft in the U.S.
Adrift
Without motive power and without anchor or mooring.
Afloat
On the water.
Touching bottom.
Amidships
In the center; the center portion of a vessel.
Anchor
A forging or casting shaped to grip the sea bottom and, by means of a cable or rope, hold a boat in a desired position.
Anchorage
A customary, suitable and (usually)
designated harbor area in which vessels
may anchor.
Astern
Toward the stern. An object that is aft of a boat is said to be astern of the boat.
Off the bottom, said of an anchor.
Aye
Yes, while aboard a boat or ship. Means
“I understand.”
Bail (Bale)
To remove water from a boat by pump or bailer.
Ballast
Heavy material such as iron, lead or stone placed in the bottom of the vessel.
Beacon
A post or buoy placed over a shoal or bank to warn vessels. Also a signal mark on land.
Beam
Imaginary line amidships at right angles to keel of vessel. Also vessel’s width amidships.
Bearing
The direction or point of the compass in which an object is seen.
Belay
To make fast to a cleat or belaying pin; to cancel an order.
Bend
To fasten by means of a bend or knot.
Berth
A position, as a place to sleep or in which a vessel may be made fast; a margin of safety, as “a wide berth.”
Bilge
The lower internal part of a boat’s hull.
Bollard
A strong post for holding lines fast.
Bow
The forward part or front of the boat.
Breakers
Waves cresting as they reach shallow water, as at or on a beach.
Breakwater
A structure, usually stone or concrete, built to create a harbor or improve an existing one.
Bulkhead
Vertical partition in a boat.
Burdened
Vessel
Former term for the vessel which must
stay clear of vessels with the right-of-way.
Calking
(Caulking)
Forcing filler material into the seams of
the planks in a boat’s deck or sides to make them watertight.
AthwartAcross.
Aweigh
Beneath or under the deck. One goes below when going down into the cabin.
Boater 101
An educational program that combines a variety of multimedia tools to promote water safety, boating education, environmental awareness, and careers within the marine industry.
Aft
Describing the after section of a vessel or things to the rear of amidships and near the stern.
Aground
Below
Camber
The arch of a deck sloping downward from the center toward the sides.
Capsize
To turn over.
Carburetor
Required equipment on all motorboats except
backfire flame outboards and diesels.
Reduces chance of fire arrestor caused by backfires in internal combustion engines.
Cardinal Points The four main points of a compass; north, east, south and west.
Ceiling
The inside lining of the hull.
Certificate
Government paper, such as a boat’s license.
Chart
A map of a body of water that contains
piloting information.
Chine
The intersection of sides and bottom of a boat.
9.1
Cleat
A piece of wood or metal with projecting ends to which lines are made fast.
Clinker
A method of planking in which the lower
edge of each strake overlaps the upper edge of the strake next below. (Also called lapstrake.)
Coaming
A raised edge, as around part or all of a cockpit, that prevents seawater from entering the boat.
Coast Guard
The federal marine law enforcement and rescue agency in the U.S.
Cockpit
A well or sunken space in the afterdeck of a small boat for the use of the helmsman and crew.
Companionway A hatch or entrance from deck to cabin.
Compass
The instrument which shows the heading of a vessel.
Cowls
Hooded openings used for ventilation.
Cradle
A frame used to support a vessel on land.
Current
The movement of the water in a horizontal direction.
Dunnage
Mats, boughs, pieces of wood or other loose materials placed under or among goods
carried as cargo in the hold of a ship to
keep them dry and to prevent their motion
and chafing; cushioning or padding used in
a shipping container to protect fragile
articles against shock and breakage; baggage
or personal effects.
Ebb
An outgoing tide.
Estuary
An inlet or arm of the sea.
Fathom
Six feet.
Fenders
Objects placed along the side of the boat to protect the hull from damage.
Flare
The outward spread of the boat’s sides from the waterline to the rail at the bow. Also,
a pyrotechnic signaling device that can indi-
cate distress.
Fore
Used to distinguish the forward part of a
boat or things forward of amidships. It is the
opposite of aft or after.
Forward
Toward the bow.
Frame
Ribs of the hull extending from the keel to the highest continuous deck.
Deadrise
The rise of the bottom of a midships frame from the keel to the bilge.
Deck
Any permanent covering over a compartment.
Freeboard
The vertical distance measured on a boat’s
side from the waterline to the gunwale.
Deep-six
To discard or throw overboard.
Galley
The kitchen area of a boat.
Gimbals
Swivels used to keep equipment level.
Give-Way
Vessel
The one which must stay clear of vessels
which have the right-of-way.
Depth Sounder An electronic depth-finding instrument
measuring the time a sound wave takes to
go from the vessel to the bottom and return,
then displaying the result in feet, fathoms or
meters.
Dinghy
A small, open boat.
Grab Rail
A convenient grip on a cabin top or along a companion ladder.
Displacement
Hull
Type of hull that plows through the water even when more power is added.
Gunwale
The upper edge of a boat’s side.
(Pronounced gunnel.)
Harbor
A safe anchorage protected from most
storms; may be natural or man-made, with
breakwaters and jetties; a place for docking
and loading.
Hatch
An opening in a boat’s deck for persons
or cargo to go below.
Head
A marine toilet. Available with and without pump-out option
Headway
Forward motion of a vessel through the water.
Helm
The wheel or tiller by which a ship is steered.
Holding Tank
Storage tank for sewage so that it will not be pumped overboard into the water.
Dock
An enclosed or nearly enclosed water area; all the port installations; a place where ves-
sels can moor, as a pier, wharf or floating dock.
Documented
Vessel
Vessel registered with the U.S. Coast Guard.
Dolphin
A small group of piles in the water generally used for mooring or as a channel marker.
Draft
The depth of the vessel below the water line measured vertically to the lowest part of the hull.
9.2
Hull
The body of a boat.
Hypothermia
A physical condition where the body loses
heat faster than it can produce it.
Marina
A place, essentially a dock area, where small
recreational craft are kept; usually where floats or piers as well as service facilities are available.
Inboard
More toward the center of a vessel; inside; a motor fitted inside the boat.
MAYDAY
A radio distress call from the French “m’aidez” (help me); SOS in Morse Code.
Inland Rules
Rules of the road that apply to vessel
operation in harbors and certain rivers, lakes and inland waterways.
Mooring
Commonly the anchor chain, buoy space,
pennant, etc., by which a boat is permanently anchored in one location.
Intracoastal
Waterways
(ICW) Bays, rivers and canals along the coasts
(such as Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts) connected so that vessels may travel without going into the open sea.
Motor
A source of mechanical power.
Motorboat
Any watercraft 65 feet or less in length
propelled by machinery, whether or not
such machinery is the principal source of
propulsion.
Jetty
A structure, usually masonry, projecting out
from the shore; a jetty may protect a harbor entrance.
Keel
The permanently positioned fore and aft
backbone member of a boat’s hull.
Knot
To bend a line. Also, a unit of speed equal to one nautical mile (6,076.10 feet) an hour.
Launch
(1) To put a vessel into the water;
(2) A small open powerboat mainly used for
transportation between a vessel and shore.
Lee
The side opposite to that from which the wind blows.
Leeward
Situated on the side turned away from the wind. Opposite of windward.
Leeway
The amount a boat is carried sideways by the wind’s force or current.
Limber Holes
Drainage holes in the bilge timbers of a
vessel allowing water to run to a low point for pumping out.
List
(1) A continuous leaning to one side often caused by an imbalance in stowage or a leak into one compartment; (2) A light list
is a printed listing of aids to navigation in geographical order or inclining of a vessel toward the side.
LOA
Length overall; the maximum length of a
vessel’s hull, excluding projecting spars
or rudder.
Locker
A storage place, a closet.
Log
A record or diary of a vessel’s journey.
Lubber’s Line
A mark or permanent line on a compass that shows the course of the boat.
Making Way
Making progress through the water.
Navigation
The art of conducting a ship from port to port.
Nautical Mile
6,076.12 feet, or 1,852 meters, an
international standard; the geographical mile, the length of one minute of latitude at the
equator, is 6,087.20 feet.
NMMA
(National Marine Manufacturers Association) NMMA is dedicated to creating, promoting, and protecting an environment where
members can achieve financial success through excellence in manufacturing, in
selling, and in servicing their customers.
NMMA Certified National Marine Manufacturers Association Certification Program. An NMMA Certified boat is 5 times safer than a non-certified boat.
9.3
Nun Buoy
A conical, red buoy bearing an even number and marking the starboard side of a channel from seaward.
Oar
A long, wooden instrument with a flat blade at one end used for propelling a boat.
Outboard
(1) A propulsion unit for boats attached at
the transom; includes motor, drive shaft
and propeller; fuel tank and battery may be
integral or installed separately in the boat;
(2) Outside or away from a vessel’s hull;
opposite of inboard.
Outdrive
A propulsion system for boats with an inboard motor operating an exterior drive
with drive shaft, gears and propeller; also
called stern drive and inboard/outboard.
Overall Length
The extreme length of a vessel, excluding spars or rigging fittings. See LOA.
Painter
A rope attached to the bow of a boat for making it fast.
PFD
Personal Flotation Device.
Pier
A structure, usually wood or masonry,
extending into the water used as a
landing place for boats and ships.
Pile
A vertical wooden or concrete pole driven
into the bottom; may be a support for a pier or floats; also used for mooring.
Piling
A structure of piles.
Pitch
(1) The up and down movement as the bow and stern rise and fall due to wave action;
(2) The theoretical distance advanced by a
propeller in one revolution.
Planing Hull
Type of hull that is shaped to lift out of the water at high speed and ride on the surface.
Port
The left side of a boat when you are facing the bow. Also a destination or harbor.
Slip
(1) A berth for a boat between two piers or floats; (2) The percentage difference
between the theoretical and the actual
distance that a propeller advances when turning in water under load.
Sole
The cabin or cockpit floor.
Spar Buoy
A channel marker that looks like a tall,
slender pole.
Stand-On
Vessel
The vessel with the right-of-way.
Starboard
The right side of a boat when you are facing the bow.
Stern
The after end or back of the boat.
Stow
To store items neatly and securely.
Privileged
Former term for the vessel with the
Vesselright-of-way.
Strake
Planks running fore and aft on the outside of a vessel.
Propeller
Wheel or screw mechanism that pushes water aft to propel the boat.
Taffrail
The rail around a boat’s stern.
RBFF
(Recreational Boating and Fishing Foundation) The RBFF is a nonprofit organization whose mission is to increase participation in
recreational angling and boating and thereby increase public awareness and appreciation of
the need for protecting, conserving, and
restoring this nation’s aquatic natural resources.
Tide
The alternate rise and fall of waters caused
by the gravitational attraction of moon or sun.
Topsides
(1) The sides of a vessel above the waterline;
(2) On deck as opposed to below deck.
Transom
The transverse planking which forms the after end of a small, square-ended boat.
(Outboard motors are usually attached to a transom.)
Rigging
The general term for all lines (ropes) of a
vessel.
Roll
The sideward motion of a boat caused by wind or waves.
Trim
To arrange weights in a vessel in such a
manner as to obtain desired draft at bow and stern.
Rules of the
Road
The nautical traffic rules for preventing
collisions on the water.
Trimaran
Boat with three hulls—the center one is the
largest.
Scope
The length of the anchor rope or chain.
6 to 1 scope means that the length of the anchor rope from the boat to the anchor is
6 times the depth of the water.
Unbend
To cast off or untie.
Underway
Vessel in motion (i.e. when not moored, at
anchor or aground).
Scupper
A hole allowing water to run off the deck.
USPS
U.S. Power Squadron, a private membership organization that specializes in boating
education and good boating practices.
Ventilation
Ventilation occurs when air from the water’s surface or exhaust gases from the exhaust
outlet are drawn into the propeller blades.
The normal water load is reduced and the
propeller over-revs, losing much of its thrust. This continues until the propeller is slowed
down enough to allow the bubbles to surface.
Vessel
Every kind of watercraft, other than a
seaplane on the water, capable of being used as a means of transportation on water.
Sea Anchor
A floating canvas cone held open by wire rings with an opening in the smaller end and a rope bridle at the larger end attached to a line leading to the vessel; used in storm
conditions to (a) keep the bow of the boat to the wind, and (b) slow downwind drift of the boat.
Seacock
A thru-hull valve; a shutoff on a plumbing or drain pipe between the vessel’s interior and the sea.
Sirius™ Radio
Satellite radio system
9.4
VHF Radio
A Very High Frequency electronic
communications and direction-finding
system.
Wake
Moving waves created by vessel motion.
Track or path that a boat leaves behind it
when moving across the water.
Wash
The loose or broken water left behind a
vessel as it moves along; the surging action of waves.
Waterline
The intersection of a vessel’s hull and the
water’s surface; the line separating the
bottom paint and the topsides.
Water Works
Wonders
Your single source of information on fishing, boating and caring for the water.
Way
Movement of a vessel through the water. Technically it is underway when not at
anchor, aground or made fast to the shore. The common usage is interpreted as
progress through the water. Headway when going forward, and sternway when it is going backward.
Well
Area at the rear of a boat where the motor may be located.
Wharf
A structure, parallel to the shore, for docking vessels.
Wheel
(1) The steering wheel;
(2) The propeller.
Whistle Signal
A standard communication signal between boats to indicate change of course, danger
or other situations.
Windward
Situated on the side closest to the wind.
(Opposite of leeward.)
Yaw
To swing or steer off course as when running with a quartering sea.
9.5
NAVIGATIONAL AIDS CHART
LATERAL AIDS AS SEEN ENTERING FROM SEAWARD
PORT SIDE
REMEMBER THESE RULES
1. OVERTAKING - PASSING: Boat being passed has the
right-of-way. KEEP CLEAR.
2. MEETING HEAD ON: Keep to the right.
3. CROSSING: Boat on right has the right-of-way. Slow down
and permit boat to pass.
PORT
STARBOARD
Yield
right-of-way
to boats
in your
DANGER
ZONE!
DANGER
ZONE
(Dead ahead
to 2 points
abaft your
starboard beam)
GREEN LIGHT ONLY
WHITE LIGHT ONLY
FLASHING
QUICK FLASHING
G
ISOPHASE
ISOPHASE
RW
SP "G"
SPHERICAL
A
G
FI G 4sec
8
R
FI R 4sec
"A"
LIGHTED BUOY
MR
LIGHTED BUOY
DAY
(Flag)
6
CAN
SG
1
TR
LIGHTED BUOY
G
"1"
BRIDGE: OK
Same
R
"2"
DAYMARK
COMPOSITE GROUP FLASHING ( 2 + 1)
RED LIGHT ONLY
B
C
or
Same
VESSEL: Replies:
FI (2 +1)
LIGHTED
FI (2 + 1)
No
RADIO: VHF CH. 13
STORM WARNINGS
W
GREEN
C "L"
2 RED FLAGS
Gale
(winds up to
47 knots)
SQUARE
RED FLAG
BLACK BOX
(Storm)
JG
2 SQUARE
RED FLAGS
BLACK BOX
(Hurricane)
RED
N "W"
NUN
CAN
RED FLAG
Small craft
(winds to
33 knots)
2
PREFERRED CHANNEL
NO NUMBERS-MAY BE LETTERED
GREEN LIGHT ONLY
VESSEL: Open
R
N "6"
NUN
G
FI G 4sec
DAYMARK
NIGHT
(Lights)
N
G
C "7"
VISUAL
No
RED LIGHT ONLY
FLASHING
7
BRIDGE SIGNALS
BRIDGE: OK
STARBOARD SIDE
EVEN NUMBERED AIDS
OCCULTING
QUICK FLASHING
9
ONE LONG BLAST: Warning signal (Coming out of slip)
ONE SHORT BLAST: Pass on my port side
TWO SHORT BLASTS: Pass on my starboard side
THREE SHORT BLASTS: Engine(s) in reverse
FOUR OR MORE BLASTS: Danger signal
VESSEL: Open
MORSE CODE
Mo(A)
OCCULTING
WHISTLE SIGNALS
SOUND
SAFE WATER
MID-CHANNELS OR FAIRWAYS
NO NUMBERS-MAY BE LETTERED
ODD NUMBERED AIDS
JR
A
B
"A"
8.8
8.7
8.8
8.7
"B"
®
Only the best boats on the water are fully certified for building and safety standards by the National Marine Manufacturers
Association. Never purchase a boat unless you see the NMMA CERTIFIED sticker—just like the one on a Premier pontoon.
NMMA certification means your pontoon is five times safer than a non-certified boat.
The following trademarks are the intellectual property of Premier Marine, Inc.: Premier®, Premier: Where Innovation Meets
the Water™, J-Clip™, PTX ™, PT Express™, PT Xpress™, Wide Dek™, Sport Dek™, Sky Dek™. Premier Marine, Inc. asserts
common law trademark rights on all other trademarks. Other trademarks are property of their respective owners.
Premier Marine, Inc. promotes safe boating and recommends that a suitable boat operator be a licensed driver. Do not
operate your pontoon under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Always wear life jackets. For maximum enjoyment and
safety, read the Owner’s Manual, all safety check lists and labels prior to the operation of your pontoon and motor. All
specifications and options subject to change without notice.
26612 Fallbrook Avenue, Wyoming, MN 55092
1-800-815-6392
FAX: 651-462-2881
www.pontoons.com
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