AF Setting Guidebook CONTENTS Chapter 1 Chapter 2

AF Setting Guidebook CONTENTS Chapter 1 Chapter 2
CONTENTS
Support the
latest
firmware
ver. 2.0
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
AF Setting Guidebook
Detailed explanations of how to master high-performance
AF features to capture that perfect moment
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CONTENTS
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
New AF Setting Operability
Features of The AF on EOS-1D X
Chapter 1
AF Configuration Tool
[Presets]
Chapter 2
AF Configuration Tool
[Parameters]
Chapter 3
AF area selection modes
Chapter 4
EOS-1D X 61-Point High-Density
Reticular AF Cross-type Points
Chapter 5
Release property settings during
Servo AI
Chapter 6
Utilizing the AF point setting and
registration
Using ISO Auto
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Features of The AF on EOS-1D X
AF Custom Guide Functions that Controls
61-Point High-Density Reticular AF
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The EOS-1DX is equipped with a newly-developed
61-Point High-Density Reticular AF. By arranging the 61
AF points in a dense concentration, the level of freedom
in composition, and tracking performance of quickmoving subjects is improved. In combination with AI
Servo AF III, which incorporates a new algorithm
ensuring, accurate focusing on a subject is possible. You
can also effectively set AI Servo AF features using the AF
Configuration Tool. Because you can choose from six
different presets, the correct settings are always quick
and easy, without all the trouble that comes from
adjusting settings for individual parameters to match the
subject or scene.
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Firmware V2.0
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
In the new EOS-1DX firmware V2.0, AF performance is
even further improved and operability is expanded with
a focus on AF. AF performance in low-light conditions is
improved for the first shot of AI Servo AF, demonstrating
its true ability when shooting subjects in dark locations.
Additionally, this version incorporates numerous helpful
features that assist in shooting moving subjects, such as
newly-added special AF parameters to deal with speed
changes in moving subjects, and additional functions
that can be assigned to the button customization. This
AF Setting Guidebook introduces effective settings to
make full use of the EOS-1D X high-performance AF
features including new functions of V2.0 of the
firmware.
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New AF Setting Operability
All AF-related menu functions now in a
separate menu
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
AF-related setting items
in the AF menu
The AF1 tab includes
the AF Configuration Tool
The AF1 tab is important when shooting moving subjects
using the AI Servo AF of the EOS-1D X. It is possible to
effectively set AI Servo AF characteristics by selecting the
option that closely matches the scene with the AF
Configuration Tool.
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The Various AF-related functions are
now incorporated into an AF menu tab
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
The various AF-related settings that were previously
included in the custom functions (C.Fn) menu, have
been incorporated into the new AF menu tab. This
makes smooth access to AF-related settings possible. In
particular, the AF Configuration Tool included in tab AF1
can be used to easily match settings with the AI Servo AF
characteristics, making it an important feature that takes
advantage of the advanced AF performance on the EOS1D X. By selecting from six presets (Case 1 - Case 6),
makes it possible to set the AI Servo AF characteristics to
most accurately suit the subject's movement, and scene
conditions. It is also possible for fine control to adjust
each parameters separately.
(Refer to P. 9 – 47 for AF Configuration Tool details.) Tabs
[AF 2] – [AF 5] include a variety of settings such as
shutter-release timing settings, a setting for the number
of AF points that can be selected and AF area selection
method.
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Various settings for AF-related features
can be made with AF menus [AF2] - [AF5]
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AF2 AI Servo
Settings related to the
camera priorities when
using AI Servo AF
The [AF/2] tab includes settings related to cameras
priority concerning shutter-release timing when using AI
Servo AF. [AI Servo 1st image priority] and [AI Servo 2nd
image priority] make it possible to make focusing the
priority slowing the shutter-release timing, or prioritize
faster shutter-release.
AF3 One-Shot
Settings related to
focusing and
shutter-release timing
when using One-Shot
AF release priority
Within the [AF3] tab, the [One-Shot AF release priority]
settings related to focusing and shutter-release timing
when using One-Shot AF release priority. The other
options [USM lens electronic MF] and [AF-assist beam
firing], control the manual focus operation of some
lenses and the operation of AF assist function of
attached Speedlites.
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AF4
Includes general
settings related to AF
point selection
Select which and how AF points are selected. This menu
includes settings related to [AF area selection mode]
([Automatic AF point selection criteria], [Selectable AF
points], [AF area selection mode], [AF area selection
method], and [Orientation linked AF point]). In addition
there is the [Lens drive when AF impossible] option in
this menu.
AF5
Includes general settings
related to display of AF
points, etc.
Within [AF5] tab are settings that control how AF points
are displayed in the viewfinder such as ([AF point display
during focusing], [VF display illumination], and [AF status
in viewfinder]). With the (Manual AF pt. selec pattern)
the AF point selection can stop at the peripheral AF
point or instead loop back to the opposite side of the AF
area. For those who need to make fine adjustments to
the focus position [AF Microadjustment] is available.
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AF Configuration Tool
[Presets]
Overview of AF Configuration
Tool [Presets]
Case 1
Versatile multi-purpose setting
Case 2
Continue to focus-track even
when the subject momentarily
moves from the AF points
Case 3
Focus instantly on subjects that
move into the AF points
Case 4
Focus track subjects that
accelerate or decelerate quickly
Case 5
Focus on subjects with erratic
movement
Case 6
Focus on subjects with erratic
movement and changes in speed
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Overview of AF Configuration
Tool [Presets]
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
A combination of parameters to best suit the
characteristics of subject movement have been used to
create the presets from Case 1 – Case 6. By selecting the
appropriate icon, the different AI Servo AF settings can
be selected to suit the subject.
The best parameters
for different subjects
and shooting scenes
are combined into
presets from
Case 1 - 6
Case 1
Versatile multi-purpose
setting
Case 2
Continue to track subjects,
ignoring possible obstacles
Case 3
Instantly focus on subjects
suddenly entering AF points
Case 4
For subjects that accelerate or
decelerate quickly
Case 5
For erratic subjects, moving in
any direction*
Case 6
For subjects that change
speed and move erratically*
*This setting is not available with the Single-point Spot
AF(Manual selection) and Single-point AF(Manual
selection) modes
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Select from Case 1 - Case 6 to match
subject scenarios
When the [AF1] tab on the EOS-1D X is opened, [Case1
Versatile multi-purpose setting] a running man icon will
be displayed. This is the default option for the AF
Configuration Tool. Different presets to match the
characteristics of the type of subject and its movement,
and the shooting conditions, can be selected from
Case 1 - Case 6. By simply selecting one of these cases,
settings for the AI Servo AF characteristics that match
the scene will be used.
These six presets are combinations of the following three
parameters, [Tracking sensitivity], [Accel./decel. tracking],
and [AF pt auto switching] (P. 32 - 47). Using the presets
sets the parameters in the most effective way. However,
if you wish It is also possible to manually adjust the
parameters individually.
The AF Configuration Tool is a function for setting AI
Servo AF characteristics. Therefore, it’s settings will have
no function when using [One shot AF].
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Hints & Tips
Pushing
button while any of [Case] is
indicated in display, then text information
of AF Setting Characteristics or Shooting
Scene Example is indicated.
Moving the purple square over Case 1 – Case 6 will
display the name of each case, for example [Case1
Versatile multi-purpose setting]. If you want more
detailed information, you can press the INFO
button. This will display the help screen containing
information about shooting scene examples and
which settings to alter and when.
Press the
INFO
button
Content
displays on
the help
screen
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Case 1
Versatile multi-purpose setting
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The [AF Configuration Tool] [Case 1] is
the basic AI Servo AF setting on the
EOS-1D X.
Precise and accurate focusing is
possible for a wide range of
subjects
Parameter default settings
Subject tracking sensitivity
[0]
Accelerate / decelerate Tracking
[0]
AF point auto switching
[0]
The [AF Configuration Tool] [Case 1] is the basic AI Servo
AF setting on the EOS-1D X. As its name indicates, it is
versatile and achieves a high level of tracking
performance in a wide variety of scenes.
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Equipped with AI Servo AF III, the EOS-1D X has
improved flexibility in handling a variety of moving
subjects, and superior prediction of movement for more
accurate focusing. Even with a variety of difficult
elements such as extremely fast movement, sudden
changes in speed, and interruptions by obstacles, AI
Servo AF III overcomes these and is able to capture the
subject.
Case 1 is the recommend setting to start shooting with,
Case 1 will provide great results when shooting a variety
of sports and moving subjects. When more specific
settings for individual cases are desired, please try Case 2
– Case 6 to match shooting conditions.
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Case 1
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Case 1 can be used to great advantage when shooting
moving subjects, making it possible to accurately capture
fast subject.
Single-Point
AI Servo AF III makes it possible to
carry out precise focus for subjects
in a wide variety of conditions
AF on the EOS-1D X is equipped with a new focus
tracking algorithm, AI Servo AF III. It supports an
even greater variety of subject movement than
before, and by utilizing the high level tracking
performance of the AI Servo AF III, and Case 1
configuration setting, it can handle many different
shooting conditions.
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Case 2
Continue to focus-track even
when the subject momentarily
moves from the AF points
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Case 2 is an effective setting for
shooting fast moving subjects when they
move away from the selected AF point,
or when obstacles may momentarily
obscure the subject.
Effective when shooting scenes with
fast moving subjects, or when an
obstacle momentarily appears in front
of the subject
[Locked on : -1]
Parameter default settings
Subject tracking sensitivity
[-1]
Accelerate / decelerate Tracking
[0]
AF point auto switching
[0]
Case 2 is an effective setting for shooting fast moving
subjects when they move away from the selected AF point,
or when obstacles may momentarily obscure the subject.
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Sometimes when the subject moves from the selected
AF point, focus can shift to the background (resulting in
an out of focus subject), similarly when an obstacle
obscures the subject, focus can shift to the obstacle. By
selecting Case 2 in situations like these, focus will
attempt to continue to track the desired subject. When a
subject moves away from the AF points for an extended
period (such as swimmers doing the butterfly stroke, or
sports where the subject is hidden for intervals), even
better performance may be achieved by manually setting
the [Tracking sensitivity] parameter to [-2].
Case 2
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Try selecting Case 2 when shooting a tennis player with
fast side to side movement. The subject will be tracked
even when they move away from the AF points.
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1
2
Example of a fast moving subject where the focus has
shifted to the background (photo2). By selecting Case 2
for situations like this, it will be easier to focus track the
subject.
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Case 3
Focus instantly on subjects that
move into the AF points
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Case 3 is the ideal setting for situations
when you want to focus quickly
between subjects in the AF points.
Effective when you want to
continuously photograph targeted
athletes one after the other
Parameter default settings
Subject tracking sensitivity
[Responsive: +1]
Accelerate / decelerate Tracking
[+1]
AF point auto switching
[0]
In Case 3, the [Tracking sensitivity] parameter is set to
[+1]. As a result, subjects that come into the AF points
will be focused on more quickly. This setting is most
effective when subjects appear suddenly in the frame
(for example photographing skiers in an alpine skiing
downhill race,). Other shooting situations, this setting
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can be extremely effective is when switching between
different subjects you want to shoot (for example, at the
start of a bicycle road race, when you want to shoot
continuously and switch from cyclist to cyclist while
focusing).
When set to Case 3, if the subject moves away from the
AF points, the camera may quickly refocus on a different
subject or background, in contrast to Case 2. Therefore,
it is recommended that you use this setting only when
you have a particular objective as indicated above.
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Change the target in sequence and
shoot continually
1. Shoot the whole group while focusing on
the cyclist in the center
2. Focus on the lead cyclist
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3. Focus on the right side cyclist
4. Focus on the left side cyclist
A scene with cyclists coming towards the camera. While
focusing on the lead cyclist you may wish to switch focus
to the other cyclists whilst continuously shooting. In this
situation, by selecting Case 3, you can l achieve the
desired focus on each subject.
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Case 4
Focus track subjects that
accelerate or decelerate quickly
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Subjects suddenly going from static to
moving or sudden stopping can occur in
various sports and situations and it can
be difficult for the AF system to judge
accurately, In these situations, Case 4 is
most effective.
Effective when a subject's speed
changes rapidly, or in sports where
subjects stop or change direction
Parameter default settings
Subject tracking sensitivity
[0]
Accelerate / decelerate Tracking
[+1]
AF point auto switching
[0]
When shooting sports, there are many situations where
it will be necessary to deal with fast moving subjects.
Subjects suddenly going from static to moving or sudden
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stopping can occur in various sports and situations and it
can be difficult for the AF system to judge accurately, In
these situations, Case 4 is most effective. With the
[Accelerate / decelerate Tracking] parameter set to [+1],
the AI Servo AF will work to focus track any changes in
speed, including sudden stops and acceleration. This
makes Case 4 the most effective setting for shooting
soccer, rugby, basketball or sports where there is a lot of
running and stopping, as well as changes of direction. It
is also effective for cornering during motor sports
(sudden deceleration and acceleration).
Case 4
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For example in soccer. A player dribbling at high speed
stops suddenly in front of a defender, changes direction
and then begins to sprint again. By using Case 4 the AF
system reacts to sudden changes in speed, allowing
continuous and accurate focusing.
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Continuously track players as they suddenly
slow down and speed up
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Case 5
Focus on subjects with erratic
movement
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Case 5 is most effective for subjects
with large amount of movements which
could occur in any direction. This setting
works in 61-point automatic selection
AF, Zone AF, and AF point expansion
modes only.
Suitable for sports and fast action
where traditionally AF systems have
difficulty tracking
Parameter default settings
Subject tracking sensitivity
[0]
Accelerate / decelerate Tracking
[0]
AF point auto switching
[+1]
In Case 5, [AF pt auto switching] is set to [+1], when the
subject moves away from the manually selected AF point
(AF points focused on initially with Zone AF), focusing
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automatically switches to other AF points that contain
the subject. As a result, even when the subject
continuously leaves the selected AF point, it is possible
to increase the ratio of photos that are in focus. This
setting is most effective when shooting subjects with
erratic movement such as figure skating, skateboarding,
and inline skating.
Case 5
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Using Case 5 when photographing a figure skater
making a big jump (the AF area selection mode is set to
[AF point expansion]). It is possible to track the skater's
movements by letting the camera switch between AF
points.
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It is possible to focus on subjects that move
erratically and could move in any direction
Inline skating on a half-pipe. Capturing the moments
when the skater is jumping and twisting is easier with
Case 5.
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Case 6
Focus on subjects with erratic
movement and changes in
speed
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Case 6 is a setting that combines
features of both Case 4, and Case 5.
Effective when shooting sports that
feature lots of quick movements
Parameter default settings
Subject tracking sensitivity
[0]
Accelerate / decelerate Tracking
[+1]
AF point auto switching
[+1]
Case 6 is a setting that combines features of both
Case 4 (support for sudden changes in speed), and Case
5 (support for erratic movement in any direction). [Accel./
decel. tracking] and [AF pt auto switching] parameters
are both [+1].
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Therefore, Case 6 is an effective setting for subjects that
stop and start suddenly, but also have erratic movement
which could happen in any direction, it works during
Auto selection 61-point AF, Zone AF, and AF point
expansion only.
Shooting subjects that are most appropriate for this
setting include rhythmic gymnastics which includes large
movements with complete stops.
Case 6
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A rhythmic gymnast making sudden big jumps can be
captured when shooting with Case 6 which can focus on
subjects with sudden movement, and erratic movement.
Continuous focusing is possible for large movements
and changes in speed.
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Chapter 2
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
AF Configuration Tool
[Parameters]
Subject tracking characteristics
Accelerate / decelerate Tracking
characteristics
AF pt auto switching
characteristics
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Subject tracking characteristics
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
[Tracking sensitivity] is the parameter
that can be set to track a subject that
the AF point had been following until a
different subject (or background) got in
the way.
This setting allows obstacles that pass
in front of the subject to be ignored,
as well as focusing on new subjects
[Locked on : -]
[Responsive : +]
Choose any of [Case] and push
button for Tracking
and
sensitivity, then adjust level by pressing
turning .
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[Locked on] can be effective when an
obstacle crosses in front of the subject
and when focus jumps to the
background,
With the AF Configuration Tool on the EOS-1D X, not
only can you select from Case 1 - Case 6, but three
parameters for each can be adjusted individually.
[Tracking sensitivity] is the parameter that can be set to
track a subject that the AF point had been following
until a different subject (or background) got in the way.
The [Locked on: -2/-1] setting excludes subjects that
come into the AF point as obstacles, and continues to
focus on the original subject . Selecting -2 results in the
targeted subject being tracked for a longer time before
focus changes to subject now in the AF point.
The [Responsive: +1/+2] setting determines that subjects
that come into the AF point are new subjects to be
focused, and quickly focuses. It is also effective when
you want to quickly focus on subjects that are hidden
and appear suddenly.
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An example where [Locked on: -2/-1] is more
effective
When another player, or a referee crosses in front of the
s u b j e c t a n d f o c u s c a n s h i f t t o t h e f o re g ro u n d /
background
Example where the referee momentarily appears in front
of the player being tracked, then the player appeares
again. With the [Locked on: -1] setting, the referee in
the foreground is not focused on, and the AF system
continuously tracks the player.
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An example where [Responsive: +1/+2] is
effective
When you want to focus on an athlete who appears
suddenly in the frame.
Example where a skateboarder appeared suddenly from
the far wall. In a situation like this, setting to
[Responsive: +1/+2] makes it possible to focus even
quicker on the skater that just appeared. (Photo top left,
shown to illustrate scene prior to the skateboarder
appearing,)
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Accelerate / decelerate
Tracking characteristics
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[Accel./decel. tracking] is a tracking
setting for subjects that experience
changes in speed and move or stop
suddenly.
[-1/-2] is effective for subjects with
minor speed changes
[-2]
[0]
Choose any of [Case] and push
button for,Accel./
decel.tracking,then adjust level by pressing
and
turning .
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A minus setting for subjects with a
long shooting distance such as soccer
provides more stable focus
The default setting is [0], which is best for shooting
subj ec t s t ha t m ov e a t s te a d y s p e e d s , o r d o n o t
experience significant changes in speeds.
[+1/+2] are best for shooting subjects that suddenly start
or stop moving, or suddenly accelerate or decelerate.
This setting enables the camera to continue focusing on
the desired subject even when it experiences significant,
split-second changes in speed. For example, the camera
becomes less likely to focus behind an approaching
subject that moves suddenly, and less likely to focus in
front of a subject when it stops suddenly, which would
result in a blurred subject. [+2] can handle greater
changes in speed than [+1].
The newly-added [-1/-2] are effective for shooting far
away subjects with small changes in speed when you
want to focus on minimizing the effects of obstructions
passing by in the foreground of the shot.
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Examples where the [-] setting is more
effective
Sports with far-away subjects that experience
relatively minor changes in speed, and
obstructions that often pass in front of the
subject
[Accel./decel tracking] option [-1/2] is a new parameter
for shooting in situations where far-away subjects
experience minor changes in speed, and many
obstructions pass by in the foreground. Specifically, this
setting is effective for sports with wide playing fields,
such as soccer, when you want to capture action on the
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far side of the field. In many cases when photographing
such a scene, another athlete moves across the
foreground when the subject you are aiming for is
experiencing relatively minor changes in speed (the
relative speed changes become more significant when
the shooting distance is closer). In such a situation, [-1/2]
is more effective than a setting of [0] for foreground
obstructions.
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Examples where the [0] setting is effective
Track and field events where constant speed is
common
[0]
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A track and field example where an athlete is running
directly towards the camera. [0] is most suitable for
taking shots of subjects in this situation.
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Examples where the [+] setting more effective
Sports where athletes movement sudden stop
or start
[+]
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Example of a long-jump landing. As a result of the
athlete suddenly decelerating as they land, a normal
setting may not be able to capture it, however, it is
possible to continue focusing on the athlete with
[Accelerate / decelerate Tracking] set to [+1].
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AF pt auto switching
characteristics
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The [AF pt auto switching] parameter is
used for setting characteristics of AF
point switching when the subject has a
lot of movements.
Set how rapidly the AF point switches
to a new AF point for moving subjects
[0]
[+1]
Choose any of [Case] and push
button for AF pt
and
auto switching, then adjust level by pressing
turning .
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[+1/+2] setting is most effective for sports
with lots of movement where the subject can
easily move out of the selected AF point
The [AF pt auto switching] parameter is only for
switching between multiple AF points, so it is unavailable
when using AF area selection modes [Single-point Spot
AF] and [Single-point AF]. The [0] setting is a standard
setting for moderate switching of AF points. The [+1/+2]
settings are used when shooting subjects with erratic
movement which could happen in any di rect ions. When
a manually selected AF point (AF point being focused
during Zone AF) leaves the subject, it will rapidly switch
to surrounding AF points to capture the subject. Use the
[+] setting when you want the camera to automatically
decide (switch) to use a new AF point, and the [0] setting
i s used when you want to place emphasis on manually
selected AF points to track the subject.
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Examples where [0] is most effective, Sports
with comparatively big movements, and are
not very fast
[0]
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Example of a golf bunker shot. The [0] setting is
recommended when shooting subjects that do not move
signifi-cantly.
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Examples where [+] is effective, fast moving
sports with big movements, where the AF
points can lose the subject easily
[+]
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A rhythmic gymnast showing lots of movements in all
directions. Use the [+1] setting in order to capture the
movement by taking advantage of rapid shifting AF
points.
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Tip for AF setting
Change the level of “Accelerate /
decelerate Tracking” and “AF point auto
switching” for the appropriate for
shooting result.
“Accelerate / decelerate Tracking” and “AF point
auto switching” are part of the Camera's automatic
functions. Therefore it is not always possible that
these automatic functions reflect 100% of your
intended idea. If you feel unhappy with shooting
result, try to change the effect level of their
functions.
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Chapter 3
AF area selection modes
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Overview of AF area selection
modes
Single-point Spot AF
Single-point AF
AF point expansion
(up, down, left, and right) (surrounding points)
Zone AF
Auto selection of 61 AF points
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Overview of AF area selection
modes
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Change the AF point selection to match
your the shooting style
AF modes can be selected to match
the subject and conditions
Using only one AF point
Using multiple AF points (zone)
The AF area selection modes make it possible to set how
many of the 61-point AF are available to be used. Set
the selection method of AF points that best matches the
subject and shooting conditions.
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How to set the AF area selection mode
After pressing the
button, each time the
button
is pressed, the [AF area selection mode] changes. By
setting the menu [AF4] tab's [AF area selection method]
-> Main Dial], after pressing the
button, you
to [
can switch the mode with the Main Dial if you prefer.
Press the
button
The mode is changed each time
button is pressed
the
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CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Choose whether only one AF point is used, or
select from a vast array of AF selection options
The EOS-1D X is equipped with 61-point AF. Not only
can all these AF points each be selected individually, but
by also automatic switching between multiple AF points
to track the subject, using all 61 AF points. The [AF area
selection mode] setting allows the selection of these AF
point modes.
The two types of modes that you can manually select a
single AF point to focus with are [Single-point Spot AF]
and [Single-point AF]. The four modes that can switch
automatically between multiple AF points to capture
moving subjects are AF point expansion (Manual
selection, 4 points [Up, down, left, and right]), AF point
expansion (Manual selection, surrounding 8 points),
Zone AF, and Auto selection of 61 AF points (during AI
Servo AF). Mode features are explained from P. 52 - 68,
so you can select the mode best suited to your subject's
characteristics and shooting scene.
51
CONTENTS
Single-point Spot AF
It is possible to focus on a very narrow areas with a
single manually selected point.
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Single-point AF
The default setting. With this mode it is possible to
focus with a single manually selected point.
AF point expansion (four surrounding points)
Focus using one manually selected point assisted by
4 other AF points (up, down, left, and right).
52
CONTENTS
AF point expansion (eight surrounding points)
Focus using one manually selected point assisted by
the surrounding points.
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Zone AF
The 61 AF points are divided into nine zones, and
focus is made with the AF points in the selected
zone.
61-point automatic selection AF
All AF points are used with this mode, and the
camera selects and focuses automatically.
53
CONTENTS
Single-point Spot AF
[Single-point spot AF] mode can be used
to focus on a small area of the subject.
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Focusing on a small or narrow area
When set to [Single-point spot AF],
a small rectangle is displayed inside
the manually selected AF point.
[Single-point spot AF] mode makes it possible to focus
on the exact area even when there is an obstacle near
the area you want to focus on. A common example
when shooting sports is when you want to focus on the
eyes of a rider wearing a helmet. With normal settings,
the AF point can easily get caught on the edge of the
helmet near the eye, resulting in the camera focusing on
this edge. In situations like this, [Single-point Spot AF]
makes it possible to focus more accurately on the rider’s
eye. As [Singlepoint Spot AF] only focuses on one very
small area, it is not really suited to capturing fast moving
subjects when set to AI Servo AF and may take longer to
focus than other AF area selection modes.
54
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Single-point
spot AF
Photo
View large
image by
touching
It is possible to focus on pinpoints such as the
eye when a helmet is being worn
Snapshot of a BMX rider wearing a helmet. Focus was
pinpointed on the eye using [Single-point spot AF].
55
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
[Single-point spot AF] is effective when there is
something like the edge of the helmet, or visor near the
eye you want to focus on. With standard AF systems this
can result in the AF system focusing on these edges
rather than eye of the subject.
56
CONTENTS
Single-point AF
Single-point AF is an easy to use mode
for still life photos etc. in One-shot AF
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Single-point AF is a mode where one
manually selected AF point is used to
focus.
For experienced photographers or when it is easy to track
the subject with a single AF point, AI Servo AF can be
utilized when continuously shooting moving subjects,
however, this mode is more effective for shooting still life
and landscapes with One-shot AF mode.
57
CONTENTS
AF point expansion
(up, down, left, and right) (surrounding points)
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
[AF point expansion] is an [AF area
selection mode] that is best selected
when shooting sports.
For fast moving subjects that are
difficult to track with a single AF point
Shooting with AF point expansion
(up, down, left, and right)
AF point expansion (surrounding points)
Viewfinder display of [AF point expansion]. The manually
selected AF point and surrounding points lights up.
58
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Using this setting shifts the focus point used from a
manually selected AF point, to an adjacent (up, down,
left , and right, or surrounding) AF point, to aid focus
tracking. When using this setting it is easier to obtain the
desired composition as the subject is captured centering
around the manually selected AF point. Based on the
subject's movement characteristics, (i.e. likelihood of
subject moving from the selected AF point) and the size
of the subject within the frame, select either [AF point
expansion] or [AF area selection mode]. In addition,
when the subject has a lot of movement, setting Case 5
or Case 6 from the AF Configuration Tool is also
recommended.
59
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
This mode is ideal for sports photography
AF point
expansion
(up, down, left, and right)
Photo
View large
image by
touching
[AF point expansion] mode can be used for a wide range
of sporting events with erratic movement. [AF point
expansion (Up, down, left, and right)] was able to
accurately track the dribbling soccer player.
60
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
AF point
expansion
(surrounding points)
Photo
View large
image by
touching
As switching of the AF point takes place centered on the
selected AF point with [AF point expansion], this mode
makes it easy to obtain the desired composition. This
high jump athlete was captured with [AF point expansion
(surrounding)].
Hints & Tips
[Up, down, left, and right] and
[surrounding] options can be selected
according to the difficulty of reading the
movement, and the relative importance to
the central AF point
When shooting subjects which might be difficult to
determine movement, select [surrounding] mode,
and when you want to focus on the area covered
by the central (manually selected) AF point it's best
to select the [Up, down, left, and right] mode.
61
CONTENTS
Zone AF
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
With the [Zone AF] mode, one of nine
focusing zones can be selected, and the
AF point is automatically selected from
within that zone.
Effective for capturing subjects within
a known area
The selected AF points display in
[Zone AF].
Zone AF differs from [AF point expansion] with it’s
manually selected AF point, which AF tracking is based
around. With Zone AF the camera decides where to
focus on the subject within the zone, rather than
targeting the subject (area) that you want to follow
closely. This is more suited for situations (the subject has
no obstacles that may block the AF points). This mode is
easy to use when you want to focus on areas of the
subject that are a larger size, making it possible to easily
capture the appropriate area.
62
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Selection can be made from nine focusing
zones
The 61 AF points are divided into three blocks, left,
center, and right, and each has upper, central, and lower
zones, and the desired location can be selected from
these nine zones.
63
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
For larger subjects or subjects that move over
a larger area
Zone AF
Photo
View large
image by
touching
A photo of a moment of action in fencing shot with
[Zone AF]. In order to focus on the fencer's facial area,
this shot was taken by selecting the upper right zone.
64
CONTENTS
Auto selection of 61 AF points
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
When using [Auto selection of 61 AF
points] during [AI Servo AF], focusing
will start from the manually selected AF
point, the camera will the automatically
change the AF point selecting from all
61 points as the subject moves.
AI Servo AF with all 61 points used for
automatic tracking
One-Shot AF
AI Servo AF
When using [One-Shot AF], a single AF point is selected
automatically from the 61 points. When using [AI Servo
AF], AF starts from the manually selected AF point and
then selects the most appropriate from all 61 points.
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CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
The AF points are arranged in a wide area so it is useful
for capturing and tracking of subjects, however,
depending on the shooting conditions or if the subject is
small, tracking may not be possible so caution is
necessary. [Auto selection of 61 AF points] is effective
when shooting subjects with movements that cannot be
captured with [AF point expansion] or [Zone AF] (figure
skating jump scenes for example). Another effective use
is when you want to take action images for publication/
articles with lots of space in the composition for text etc.
In the examples above shooting began by capturing the
targeted cyclist first with a manually selected AF point (in
the center etc.). From there, while continuous shooting
and moving the camera (lens) to the left or right, it is
possible to position the lead cyclist off to one side and
include a lot of background (focusing continues to track
the cyclist by automatically switching AF points).
66
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Capture the subject with an AF point near the
center, and then by moving the camera to the
left, you can compose a photo with space on
the left side of the frame.
Shooting started by pinpointing focus on the leader of a
cycling road race with a manually selected AF point.
While taking continuous shots, the camera was moved
to the left so the following cyclists on the left of the
leader are rendered beautifully out of focus in the
background.
67
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Ideal for moving subjects that the old AF
systems struggle with
Auto
selection of
61 AF points
Photo
View large
image by
touching
Hints & Tips
With "AI Servo AF" mode, it is possible to start
shooting using a manually selected AF frame
covering the subject. This makes continue tracking
of the subject easy. For convenience it is possible to
select the same start position for Single Point AF
and 61 Point automatic selection AF and switch
between the two as required.
68
CONTENTS
Chapter 4
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
EOS-1D X 61-Point
High-Density Reticular AF
Overview of EOS-1D X 61-Point
High-Density Reticular AF
61-point AF (1)
The number and placement of
cross-type points used by the
f/2.8 lenses
61-point AF (2)
The number and placement of
cross-type points used by the f/4
lenses
61-point AF (3)
The number and placement of
cross-type points used by the
f/5.6 lenses
61-point AF (4)
The number and placement of
cross-type points used by the f/8
lenses
69
CONTENTS
Overview of EOS-1D X 61-Point
High-Density Reticular AF
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
The 61-point AF has numerous
cross-type points for great tracking
performance
Up to 41-point cross-type AF with f/4
lenses, enabling superior tracking
performance with most lenses
This diagram shows the distribution of the 61-point
cross-type AF points in the EOS-1D X. The five AF points
at the center operate as dual cross-type AF points at
f/2.8, 41 cross-type AF points are available for f/2.8-f/4
lenses and the centre 21 AF points serve as cross-type
with f/5.6. This makes it possible to focus with high
precision and high tracking performance with the many
AF points.
*The colored AF points are
for illustrative purpose only.
This does not represent the
actual viewfinder display.
f/2.8 and f/5.6 cross-type AF
(dual-cross AF)
f/5.6 cross-type AF
f/4 (vertical-line focusing) + f/5.6
(horizontal-line focusing) cross-type AF
f/5.6 (horizontal-line focusing) AF
70
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Newly developed 61-point AF sensor
By increasing number of AF points greater freedom of
composition is possible. The large number of cross-type
AF points improves tracking performance. And as a
result of two-line AF sensors in a zigzag pattern, tracking
performance is improved for low contrast subjects as
well.
f/2.8 cross-type AF
f/4.0 vertical-line focusing AF
f/5.6 vertical-line focusing AF
f/5.6 horizontal-line focusing AF
71
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Multi-point cross focusing is possible even
using lenses with a maximum aperture
f-number of f/4
The AF system of the EOS-1D X has many attractive
features such as the high level of composition freedom
with 61 different AF points, AF area selection modes that
utilize the merits of the multi-point AF system, and
implementation of the AF Configuration Tool which takes
advantage of the improved AI Servo AF. In addition to
these, is the high precision and improved tracking
performance of each AF point to capture the subject.
With the EOS-1D X AF focusing system, most f/2.8 - f/4
lenses can utilize the high-performance 41-point crosstype AF points. As Canon produce a large number of
high performance f/2.8 and f/4 AF points, this makes it
possible for larger aperture lenses to achieve an even
higher level of focusing precision with these AF points
than ever before.
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CONTENTS
61-point AF (1)
The number and placement of
cross-type points used by the
f/2.8 lenses
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
41-point cross-type AF points and 5 Dual Cross
-f/2.8 AF points can be used with many lenses
Most large-aperture lenses with a maximum aperture of
f/2.8, (or lower f-number values) are in Group A. With
this group, the five f/2.8 dual-cross AF points, and the
left and right f/4 and f/5.6 cross-type AF points (20
points) can be used. There are a total of 41 cross-type
points including the f/5.6 cross-type points. Lenses with
a maximum aperture of f/2.8 in Group B, will only have a
single f/2.8 dual-cross AF point in the center.
EF400mm F2.8L IS II USM
EF85mm F1.2L II USM
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CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Group A
41-point cross-type AF, with five f/2.8
dual-cross AF points at the center
AF focusing is possible with 61 points. All AF area
selection modes can be chosen.
f/2.8 and f/5.6 cross-type AF
(dual-cross AF)
f/5.6 cross-type AF
f/4 (vertical-line focusing) + f/5.6
(horizontal-line focusing) cross-type AF
f/5.6 (horizontal-line focusing) AF
Major lenses
EF24mm F1.4L USM
EF35mm F2 IS USM
EF35mm F1.4L USM
EF50mm F1.0L USM
EF50mm F1.4 USM
EF50mm F1.8 II
EF85mm F1.2L II USM
EF100mm F2 USM
EF135mm F2L USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF200mm F1.8L USM
EF200mm F2L IS USM
EF200mm F2.8L USM
EF300mm F2.8L USM
EF300mm F2.8L IS II USM
EF400mm F2.8L II USM
EF400mm F2.8L IS II USM
TS-E90mm F2.8*
EF16-35mm F2.8L II USM
EF20-35mm F2.8L
EF24-70mm F2.8L II USM
EF70-200mm F2.8L IS USM
EF24mm F1.4L II USM
EF28mm F1.8 USM
EF35mm F2
EF50mm F1.2L USM
EF50mm F1.8
EF85mm F1.2L USM
EF85mm F1.8 USM
EF135mm F2L USM
EF135mm F2.8 (with soft focus)
EF200mm F1.8L USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF200mm F2L IS USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF200mm F2.8L II USM
EF300mm F2.8L IS USM
EF400mm F2.8L USM
EF400mm F2.8L IS USM
TS-E45mm F2.8*
EF16-35mm F2.8L USM
EF17-35mm F2.8L USM
EF28-70mm F2.8L USM
EF70-200mm F2.8L USM
EF70-200mm F2.8L IS II USM
* Focus confirmation light works during manual focus (without any
tilt or shift movements).
“Ext EF1.4x” is an abbreviation of various EF 1.4x Extenders.
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CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Group B
41-point cross-type AF, with one f/2.8
dual-cross AF point at the center
AF focusing is possible with 61 points. All AF area
selection modes are available.
Major lenses
EF14mm F2.8L II USM
EF20mm F2.8 USM
EF24mm F2.8
EF24mm F2.8 IS USM
EF28mm F2.8 IS USM
EF24-70mm F2.8L USM
Group D
31-point cross-type AF, with one f/2.8
dual-cross AF point at the center
AF focusing is possible with 61 points. All AF area
selection modes are available.
Major lenses
EF28mm F2.8
EF40mm F2.8 STM
75
CONTENTS
61-point AF (2)
The number and placement of
cross-type points used by the f/4
lenses
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
41-point cross-type AF points can be used
In Group C, 41-point cross-type AF points can be used
with lenses having an f/4 maximum aperture (or f/2.8
maximum aperture lenses using the EF 1.4x Extenders).
Of these, the 20 points on the left and right are f/4 and
f/5.6 cross-type AF providing even higher precision focus
in these areas than with previous cameras. Some macro
lenses with a maximum aperture of f/2.8 are also
included.
EF70-200mm f/4L IS USM
EF 17-40mm f/4 L USM
76
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Group C
41-point cross-type AF points available,
and they can be used with a high level
of tracking performance
AF focusing is possible with all 61 points.
All AF area selection modes are available.
Major lenses
EF50mm f/2.5 Compact Macro
EF300mm F4L IS USM
EF200mm F2.8L II USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF300mm F2.8L IS USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF400mm F2.8L USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF400mm F2.8L IS USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF135mm F2L USM + Ext EF2x
EF200mm F2L IS USM + Ext EF2x
EF17-40mm F4L USM
EF24-105mm F4L IS USM
EF70-200mm F4L IS USM
EF70-200mm F2.8L IS USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF500mm F4L IS USM
EF600mm F4L IS USM
EF100mm f/2.8L Macro IS USM
EF200mm F2.8L USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF300mm F2.8L USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF300mm F2.8L IS II USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF400mm F2.8L II USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF400mm F2.8L IS II USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF200mm F1.8L USM + Ext EF2x
EF8-15mm f/4L Fish eye USM
EF24-70mm F4L IS USM
EF70-200mm F4L USM
EF70-200mm F2.8L USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF70-200mm F2.8L IS II USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF500mm F4L IS II USM
EF600mm F4L IS II USM
77
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Group I
31-point cross-type AF points available
10 cross-type points supported f/4 +
f/5.6
AF can be carried out using 61 points (cross-type
focusing is possible with 31 points). You can choose all
AF area selection modes.
Major lenses
EF200-400mm F4L IS USM +Ext x1.4
(When not using built-in Ext x1.4)
78
CONTENTS
61-point AF (3)
The number and placement of
cross-type points used by the
f/5.6 lenses
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Majority of lenses can make use of the central
21-point cross-type AF
With the exception of a small group of lenses (groups F
and G), almost all lenses that have a maximum aperture
of f/4 or greater are included in Group E, and can use
the 21-point cross-type AF (f/5.6 cross-type) in the
central area. Many f/2.8 maximum aperture large
aperture telephoto lenses when used with the various EF
2x Extenders will fit into this group.
EF100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS USM
EF70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM
79
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Group E
The central 21-point cross-type AF can
be used
AF focusing is possible with 61 points. All AF area
selection modes are available.
Major lenses
EF50mm f/2.5 compact macro +
life size converter EF
EF400mm F5.6L USM
EF300mm F4L USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF400mm F4 DO IS USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF600mm F4L USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF200mm F2.8L USM + Ext EF2x
EF300mm F2.8L USM + Ext EF2x
EF300mm F2.8L IS II USM + Ext EF2x
EF400mm F2.8L II USM + Ext EF2x
EF400mm F2.8L IS II USM + Ext EF2x
EF600mm F4L IS II USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF70-200mm F2.8L IS USM + Ext EF2x
EF70-200mm F4L USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF28-300mm F3.5-5.6L IS USM
EF70-300mm F4-5.6L IS USM
EF100-400mm F4.5-5.6L IS USM
EF100mm f/2.8 Macro USM
EF500mm F4.5L USM
EF300mm F4L IS USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF500mm F4L IS USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF600mm F4L IS USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF200mm F2.8L II USM + Ext EF2x
EF300mm F2.8L IS USM + Ext EF2x
EF400mm F2.8L USM + Ext EF2x
EF400mm F2.8L IS USM + Ext EF2x
EF500mm F4L IS II USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF70-200mm F2.8L USM + Ext EF2x
EF70-200mm F2.8L IS II USM + Ext EF2x
EF70-200mm F4L IS USM + Ext EF1.4x
EF70-300mm F4-5.6 IS USM
EF70-300mm F4.5-5.6 DO IS USM
EF200-400mm F4L IS USM +Ext EF ×1.4 (*1)
*1 When using built-in Ext EF x1.4 or externally-mounted Ext EF
x1.4
80
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Group F
21-points cross-type available, total of
47 AF points available to select
AF focusing is possible with 47 points (61-point AF is not
possible). All AF area selection modes can are available.
Major lenses
EF800mm F5.6L IS USM
EF35-350mm F3.5-5.6L USM
Group G
15-points cross-type available, total of
33 AF points available to select
AF focusing is possible with 33 points (61-point AF is not
possible). All AF area selection modes can are available.
Major lenses
EF180mm f/3.5L Macro USM
EF180mm f/3.5L Macro USM +
Ext EF1.4x
EF1200mm F5.6L USM
81
CONTENTS
61-point AF (4)
The number and placement of
cross-type points used by the f/8
lenses
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
AF shooting is possible using the center AF
point even with a maximum aperture value of
f/8
When using an extender on the EOS-1D X, AF is possible
using the single center point in the viewfinder even on a
lens with a total maximum aperture of f/8.
This combination of a lens with a maximum aperture
value of f/4 + Ext EF2x and a lens with a main maximum
aperture value of f/5.6 + Ext EF1.4x belongs in group H.
For example, AF focusing is possible even when shooting
with an EF2x extender attached to an EF500mm F4LII
USM with a focal length of 1000mm, making extenders
even more useful.
EF500mm F4L IS II USM
Extender EF 2x III
82
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Group H
Single cross-type AF point available
You can carry out AF focusing with a single point, or
using the points above, below, to the left and right. The
following AF area selection modes are available: Singlepoint AF (Manual), Single-point Spot AF (Manual), and
AF point expansion (Above, below, left, right). The points
above, below, to the left and right only function in AF
point expansion and cannot be selected manually.
f/8 supported cross-type points
f/8 supported points
Major lenses
EF400mm F4 DO IS USM + Ext 2x EF500mm F4L IS II USM + Ext 2x
F600mm F4L IS II USM + Ext 2x
EF500mm F4L IS USM + Ext 2x
EF600mm F4L IS USM + Ext 2x
EF100-400mm F4.5-5.6L IS USM + Ext 1.4
EF70-200mm F4L IS USM + Ext 2x
EF200-400mm F4L IS USM built-in Ext.1.4 + externally-mounted Ext 1.4
EF200-400mm F4L IS USM + externally-mounted Ext 2.0
83
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Single-Point
How to utilize maximum aperture
f/2.8 lens + extender EF1.4x and
maximum aperture f/4 lens +
extender EF2x
Many large-aperture telephoto lenses (200 to
400mm f/2.8 class) fall into group C when extender
EF1.4x is attached and used at the maximum
aperture value of f/4. High-performance AF is
possible due to f/4 support of 20 points out of 41
cross-type points. Additionally, large-aperture super
telephoto lenses (500 to 600mm f/4 class) fall into
group H when extender EF2x is attached and used
at the maximum aperture value of f/8. AF focusing
is possible using a single center AF point even with
a maximum aperture value of f/8. Using extender
lets you adapt easily for long focal length shooting.
84
CONTENTS
Chapter 5
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Release property settings
during Servo AI
NEW! Firmware
Improved low-light AF
performance and expanded
parameter characteristics during
continuous shooting
AF operation and shutter-release
timing settings
85
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Improved low-light AF
performance and
expanded parameter
characteristics during
continuous shooting
Improved AI Servo AF low-light
performance through a new algorithm
Visualization of low-light performance
Firmware V1.X
Low-light
performance
0
1
During halfway press 1st shot
of shutter button
2
3
2nd shot 3rd shot
Firmware V2.0
Low-light
performance
Improved
0
1
2
During halfway press 1st shot
of shutter button
3
2nd shot 3rd shot
Low-light performance for the first frame of AI Servo AF
and while holding down the shutter button halfway is
improved through a modified algorithm.
At default settings, low-light performance is the same as
the previous firmware for the second frame and later.
86
CONTENTS
Expanded parameters for [AI Servo
2nd image priority]
The new parameter [+2] lets you
maximize low-light performance
Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6
Visualization of low-light performance and continuous shooting speed
[-2]
Low-light
performance
1
1st
shot
2
3
2nd
shot
3rd
shot
[0]
Low-light
performance
1
1st shot
2
3
2nd shot 3rd shot
[+2]
Low-light
performance
1
2
3
1st shot
2nd shot
3rd shot
[Shooting speed priority: -2] and
[Focus priority: +2] have been
added to [AI Servo 2nd image
priority] in [Servo AF shutter
characteristics]. [Focus priority:
+2] maximizes improved lowlight performance settings for
more accurate focusing ([AI
Servo 2nd image priority] is
explained on P. 89.).
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Improvement of AF performance in low light
with AI servo is possible through new
parameter settings
One of the major changes to the new firmware V2.0 is
improved low-light limit performance. Low-light
performance for the first frame of continuous shooting
AI Servo AF (and while holding down the shutter button
halfway) are improved through a updated algorithm.
This is especially effective when shooting individual shots
using AI Servo AF. AF precision is improved for dark
subjects in low-light situations. The new [+2] parameter
added to [AI Servo 2nd image priority] is maximized
during continuous shooting with a focus on low-light
performance. Because focusing takes priority, continuous
shooting speed drops.
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AF operation and
shutter-release timing
settings
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You can set whether focusing or
shutter-release has priority
Image/Focusing parameters
during AI Servo
[Set in the AF 2 tab]
1 1st image parameter
[AI Servo 1st image priority]
Equal priority
This setting gives an equal priority to both focus and shutterrelease
Release priority
This setting gives priority to shutter-release and will capture an
image even if it is out of focus. It is effective when you want to
minimize any delay when shooting, sacrificing AF performance
Focus priority
This setting gives priority to focusing on a subject and it cannot
capture an image unless it is in focus. It is recommended when
you want to ensure your images are in focus sacrificing response
speed.
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2 Parameters during continuous shooting
[AI Servo 2nd image priority]
indicates a new parameter.
Equal priority
This setting gives an equal priority to both focus and shooting
speed during continuous shooting. The speed of continuous
shooting may also slow down when it is dark, or in lowcontrast.
Shooting speed priority
This setting gives priority to a continuous shooting speed rather
than priority on focus. Continuous shooting speed will not
drop. Effective when you want to shoot with a fixed interval
between photos. A setting of [-2] will maintain continuous
shooting speed.
Focus priority
This setting gives priority to focusing rather than continuous
shooting speed. It cannot shoot a picture unless it is in focus,
greatly reducing continuous shooting speed. It is recommended
when you want to shoot only after focusing on the subject.This
parameter makes the most of AF low-light performance
improved by the firmware upgrade.
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Image/Focusing parameter for
One-Shot AF
[Set in the AF3 tab]
[One-Shot AF release priority]
Focus priority
You cannot shoot a picture unless it is in focus. It is effective
when you want to shoot only after focusing on the subject.
Release priority
Priority is on the shooting timing rather than focus. It is
recommended only when you want to put priority on capturing
brief photo opportunities rather than focus.
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The [AF2] and [AF3] tabs include settings related to AF
operation parameters and shutter-release timing. With
these items it is possible to set which has priority (or a
balance) between focusing with AF, and the shutterrelease.
The [AF2] tab contains the [AI Servo 1st image priority]
and [AI Servo 2nd image priority] parameters for AI Servo
AF. The priority on focus and shutter-release can be set
for both the 1st image and subsequent images during
continuous shooting. With [Focus priority], shooting is
delayed until after the camera has focus on a subject
(this could be just a few milliseconds). With [Release
priority/Shooting speed priority] shooting takes place
instantly without waiting to focus, resulting in possible
out of focus images. The default [Balance priority] sets
equal priority on both (attempting to focus without
major delays to shutter release timings), ideal for most
s h o o t i n g s i t u a t i o n s . To m a k e u s e o f l o w - l i g h t
performance improved by the firmware upgrade during
continuous shooting, set the [During continuous
shooting] parameter to [Focus priority: +2].
When using One Shot AF the shooting priority can also
be altered via the [One-Shot AF release priority] option in
the [AF3] tab. The priority of focusing and shutter-release
can be altered in the same way as about during AI servo
AF. However there is no [Balance priority], and instead
[Focus priority] is the default setting.
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Chapter 6
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Utilizing the AF point setting and
registration
Using ISO Auto
Utilizing the AF point setting and registration
Automatically switching of AF points
for horizontal and vertical shooting
Utilizing the AF point setting and registration
[Separate AF points:Point only] is added
to [Orientation linked AF point]
Utilizing the AF point setting and registration
Instantly recalled AF points using
[Switch to registered AF point]
Instantly switching AF area
selection modes
Synchronize initial AF point used
for 61-point auto selection AF
with manually selected point
Assigning functions to
button
the
Using ISO Auto
Exposure compensation is now
possible in M mode and ISO Auto
Using ISO Auto
Minimum shutter speed at ISO
Auto expanded to 1/8000 sec.
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CONTENTS
Utilizing the AF point setting and registration
Automatically switching of AF points
for horizontal and vertical shooting
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AF point settings for the horizontal
position and the vertical position are
especially useful. By selecting [Separate
AF pts: Area+pt] from [Orientation
linked AF point], individual settings for
each of the AF area selection modes and
the manually selected AF points can be
stored in camera memory.
Presetting the AF points, makes it easier to
capture the desired composition for horizontal
and vertical shooting
Set up steps
Use [Orientation linked AF point] in the [AF4]
tab to set the AF points for each orientation
1 Select the [Separate AF points] options
from [Orientation linked AF point]
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Set up steps
2 Change the camera position and select
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the desired AF point or AF mode
A
Horizontal
position
B
Vertical position with
grip at the top
C
Vertical position with
grip at the bottom
Select the AF frame for each
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Set up steps
3 By changing the camera's orientation,
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the set AF points and modes will
switch automatically
Select the [AF area selection mode] in
each position
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Set up steps
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First, select [Separate AF pts: Area+pt] from [Orientation
linked AF point]. Next, select the AF area selection mode
and the manually selected AF point for each of the
positions (orientation) of A) Horizontal position, B)
Vertical position with grip at the top, and if required C)
Vertical position with grip at the bottom. The settings will
automatically be remembered. Now, for each of these
orientations the camera will automatically switch to the
select mode and AF points.
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During sporting events or concerts, it is common to
change the camera between horizontal and vertical
positions. The EOS-1D X is equipped with an abundance
of AF frames to choose from - 61 points to be exact. This
provides a high degree of freedom when composing
s h o t s , h o w e v e r, o n e d o w n f a l l i s t h a t w h e n t h e
uppermost left AF point is selected for shooting while
the camera is held in the horizontal position is that when
the grip is switched to the vertical position, the AF point
ends up in the bottommost lower left of the screen. If
you want to keep the entire body of the athlete in the
frame while focusing on their face, you must choose
another AF point.
In situations like this, AF point settings for each position
are especially useful. By selecting [Separate AF pts:
Area+pt] from [Orientation linked AF point], individual
settings for each of the AF area selection modes and the
manually selected AF points can be stored in camera
memory. In the previous case, for example, if you set the
center upper edge AF point beforehand when in the
vertical position with the grip at the top, it is possible to
have the AF point line up with the position of the face
instantly when switching from the horizontal to vertical
position.
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CONTENTS
Utilizing the AF point setting and registration
[Separate AF points:Point only]
is added to [Orientation linked
AF point]
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It is now possible to have different AF
points but use the same [Af area
selection mode], for simple AF
operation. This is convenient simply
switching AF frames
This lets you set different AF points
but use the same AF area selection
mode
[Separate AF points:Point only] is newly-added to
[Orientation linked AF point]. This lets you set different
AF points but use the same AF area selection mode for
vertical and Horizontal positions. Because settings are
simple, this is an excellent feature for shooting in the
vertical and horizontal positions set in the [AF area
selection mode].
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[Separate AF points:Point only]
[Separate AF points: Area+Point]
Switch even the [AF area selection mode] in
[Select separate AF points: Area + points]
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CONTENTS
Utilizing the AF point setting and registration
Instantly recalled AF points using
[Switch to registered AF point]
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You can press a buttons and instantly
switch between registered AF points.
Store your preferred AF point for
instant access at the touch of a button
Use [Custom Controls] from
[C.Fn5: operation]
Using the [Custom Controls] option from the custom
function [C.Fn5: operation] menu allows an AF point to
be registered and recalled instantly.
This function can also be used to assign various functions
to the different camera controls.
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Set up steps
1 There are two options to customize
the controls to register and AF point
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A Assign [Metering - AF start] to the
button, or the button then press info and
select [Registered AF point]
B Assign [Switch to registered AF point] to
the button,
, or
button. Press info
to select if the option is applied only when
the button is held or not
2 Manually select AF points you will
want to recall.
(This is possible with all AF area selection modes except Zone AF)
3 Press the
the
button while pressing
button until you hear a beep.
When the
button, or the button are assigned the
function [Metering - AF start], instant switching of
registered AF points becomes possible. Press the
button in the [Customize Controls] assignment screen,
and then select [Registered AF point]. Now when the
button is held the AF will use the registered AF pointed.
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4 After selecting another AF point or
AF area mode, press the assigned
button (selected in stage 1) to switch
to the registered AF point.
AF point registration and usage is described above. Also,
for more advanced usage this setting can be combined
with [Orientation linked AF point] setting (described on
pages 94-100). Selecting the option [Select separate AF
points], from the [Orientation linked AF point] option
makes it is possible to register and recall AF points
separately for all three positions, vertical (grip top/
bottom), and horizontal as well as the remembered AF
point for orientation.
How to cancel registered
[Switch to registered AF point]
Press
and
.
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Another function that is effective for quickly switching
AF points while shooting is AF point registration and
recall feature possible using [Custom Controls]. There are
several methods to achieve this; one is to assign
registered AF points to a button via [Custom Controls]
function. The second method is AF point or [AF area
selection mode] registration. By carrying out either of the
two options, you can press a buttons and instantly
switch between registered AF points.
By registering frequently used AF points, or a strategically
placed AF point, enables instant response without the
need to reframe or alter the cameras position. Further
refinement in operation is possible, with the <Depth-offield preview>, and the <Lens AF stop> buttons when
set to ([Switch to registered AF point] setting). These
buttons provide the possibility to [Switch only while
pressed] or [Maintain switching until pressed again]
settings, making detailed customization possible. Using
these settings enables the camera suit the way you
shoot.
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Shooting the side to side movement of tennis strokes.
After photographing the player positioned to the right
side with a manually selected AF point at the upper
right, it was switched to the AF point registered at the
upper left with a single push of a button, then the player
was photographed returning a backhand shot positioned
to the right side.
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Instantly switching AF area
selection modes
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By assigning an [AF area selection
mode] to a specific button in the
[Custom Control] screen, you can
continue shooting and switch AF areas
instantly with the press of single button
without having to move your eye from
the viewfinder.
Instantly switching AF area selection
modes with a single button
Assigning functions
On shooting with
optional 'AF area
selection mode'
By pressing the
assigned button
Switchable into set 'AF
area selection mode'
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Buttons that can be assigned to
switching AF area selection modes
There are the five buttons that can be assign to switch
button and
button can be
AF functions. The
assigned with [Custom Controls] to [Register/apply
button and
button
shooting functions], and the
can be assigned with [Switch to registered AF functions].
'Register/apply shooting functions' assigns.
AF-ON button
AE lock button
'Switch to registered AF functions' assigns.
lens AF stop button
Multi function2button
depth-of-field preview button
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CONTENTS
Set up steps
[Register/apply shooting functions]
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Assign to the
button, or the button
to [Register/apply
shooting functions]
Press the
button
Select the [AF area
selection mode]
Assign [Register/apply shooting functions] to the
button with the custom function’s
button or the
button on the assign
[Custom Controls]. Press the
function’s selection screen, (various functions can be set)
and select the [AF area selection mode] that you want to
use.
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CONTENTS
Set up steps
[Switch to registered AF functions]
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Assign to the
or
depth of field preview
button
Press the
now
button
Select the [AF area
selection mode]
Assign [Switch to registered AF functions] to the
button with [Custom Controls]. Press the
button or
button on the assign function’s selection screen, and
from various AF functions, select the [AF area selection
mode], and select the mode that you want to use.
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AF area selection modes such as [Single-point AF] and
[AF point expansion] are effective for switching according
to the size and type of subjects. While looking through
the viewfinder it can be difficult to change the mode
while tracking the subject. However, by assigning the AF
area selection modes you want to use, to specific
buttons, you can switch instantly while continuing
shooting. There are five buttons that can be assigned.
Think about the characteristics of the sports and subjects
you want to shoot beforehand, and assign the AF area
selection modes you think you will use. By assigning
different modes to each of the five buttons therefore 5
modes, you can control up to five modes at will. In
addition, aside from the AF area selection modes, various
functions can be registered and applied, so by making
settings as needed, you have the flexibility to handle
conditions as they change.
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Synchronize initial AF
point used for 61-point
auto selection AF with
manually selected point
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When switching to [Auto selection: 61
point AF] from another [AF area
selection mode], this setting activates
auto selection AF starting with the AF
point selected before switching in
[Initial AFpt.
AI Servo AF] Manually
set points
. This is extremely
effective for a series of scenes when
switching to other modes to [Auto
selection: 61 point AF] for shooting.
Use the AF point from another mode
to move to auto selection
[AI Servo AF initiation point in
has been added to [AF4] to
[Manually set points in
]
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[Manual selection:
1 point AF]
[Auto selection:
61 point AF]
For example, this is effective when switch from [Manual
selection: 1 point AF] to [Auto selection: 61 point AF]
when continuously shooting an athlete to track and
shoot.
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Assigning functions to
the
button
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In firmware V2.0, new settings can be
assigned using customization function
C.Fn5 [Button Customization].
1 Detailed settings for
button’s
[AF/Metering start]
Three settings can now be assigned
to [AI Servo characteristics]
Press the
button when the
button
customization
button is in
In detailed settings,
the following four
parameters can be set:
[AF start point],
[AI Servo AF
characteristics],
[AF mode], and
[Super high-speed
continuous shooting
mode]
In C.Fn5 [Customize Controls], press the
button
and
while [AF/Metering start] is selected for
buttons to switch to detailed settings. You can now
choose from four settings including the three newly
added options.
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This feature makes it possible to
instantly switch between continuous
shooting modes using the two adjacent
buttons
Assign
[Case1] to
Assign
[Case2] to
When usually using the
button (Case1) to
shoot, use the button (Case2) to shoot
when there are many obstacles
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Example:
Switch AI Servo AF characteristics with
the
button and button
When you assign functions to the
and
buttons,
those two adjacent buttons can be used to instantly
switch functions for shooting. For example, when
assigning the two often used AI Servo AF characteristics
(Cases) , it is possible to switch to the optimal AI Servo
AF characteristics depending on the subject and if any
obstructions may enter the frame.
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2 It is now possible to assign [ONE
SHOT AI SERVO] to the
buttons
and
It is now possible to assign [ONE SHOT AI
SERVO] to the
and buttons using
button customization
[ONE SHOT
AI SERVO] has been added to the settings
and
buttons using
that can be assigned to the
[Button customization]. With these settings, you can
switch AF modes while the button is pressed.
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When it is difficult to press the
button
which could previously be used for assigning
functions
The
buttons can easily be used
to switch to One Shot and AI Servo
while looking through the viewfinder
Although it has been possible to assign [ONE SHOT
AI
and buttons, when it is difficult to
SERVO] to the
press these buttons on the front of the camera, it is
and
effective to assign this function to the
buttons. When quick shooting is required, you can now
instantly switch AF modes.
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In firmware V2.0, new settings can be assigned using
customization function C.Fn5 [Button Customization].
When using AF functions that can be assigned to the
and buttons on the back of the camera, you can
instantly switch functions to match the subject and
situation without changing how you hold the camera.
or
When [AF/Metering start] is assigned to the
buttons, you can perform detailed settings in [AF start
point], [AI Servo AF characteristics (Case)], [AF mode],
and [Super high-speed continuous shooting mode].
Using those settings, you can instantly switch parameters
to match subject movement and characteristics by using
button to switch to Case1, and the
button
the
button to switch
to switch to Case2, or using the
to AI Servo AF, and the button to switch to One Shot.
AI SERVO] can now be assigned
Because [ONE SHOT
and
buttons, you can customize controls
to the
to meet your preferences or the scene.
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Using ISO Auto
Exposure compensation is
now possible in M mode
and ISO Auto
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Because we received many requests to
make exposure compensation possible
by changing the ISO speed in M mode,
this feature has been included in
firmware V2.0.
You can control exposure compensation
to match your creative intentions
Among the two methods for adjusting exposure
compensation is the easy method of adjusting it from
the quick settings screen, and assigning the exposure
compensation function to the SET button for controls
while using the viewfinder. When the exposure exceeds
the ISO Auto's range, the level display within the
viewfinder will differ from the exposure compensation
level.
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How to control exposure
compensation in M mode and
ISO Auto
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1 Exposure compensation from the
quick setting (Q) button
In M mode and ISO speed Auto
Controlling exposure compensation
parameters with the Q button
Controlling exposure
compensation parameters
When M mode and ISO Auto are set, you can use the Q
button to enter the quick settings screen to control
exposure compensation parameters.
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2 Assign [Exposure compensation] to
the SET button
In M mode and ISO speed Auto
Assign exposure compensation to the SET
button using button customization
SET button
Exposure compensation
is available from the
main dial
Assign the exposure compensation function to the SET
button using C.Fn5 [Button Customization]. Additionally,
exposure compensation can be adjusted by operating
the main dial while pressing the SET button.
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Using ISO Auto
Minimum shutter speed at
ISO Auto expanded to
1/8000 sec.
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Up to now, [Min. shutter spd.] was
1/250 sec., however this has been
expanded to 1/8000 sec. In Av and P
modes, you can now shoot with reduced
subject blur and camera shake due to
high shutter speeds.
Reduce camera shake and subject blur
at high shutter speeds in Av and P
modes
Another function added to ISO Auto is an expanded
shutter speed for [Min. shutter speed]. The minimum
shutter speed that was previously 1/250 sec. is now
expanded to a maximum of 1/8000 sec. By setting a
high shutter speed above a certain value when in ISO
Auto you can capture quick-moving subjects with
reduced blur and prevent camera shake. Use this to
reduce blurring when shooting in Av and P modes.
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Setting procedures
In [ISO speed settings] [Min. shutter spd.], you can select
the minimum shutter speed from 1/8000 sec. to 1 sec. in
1 step increments.
[AF tab 2]
From
[ISO speed settings]
Select
[Min. shutter spd.]
And choose a minimum
shutter speed
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Other firmware changes
Automatic exposure shift from
lens aperture value change when
in M mode
Lens with max.
aperture value of
f/2.8
Lens with max.
aperture value of
f/4
W h e n t h e m a x i m u m a p e r t u re v a l u e ( o r t h e
minimum aperture value) is forcibly changed when
switching to a lens with a differing aperture value
while in M mode, the ISO speed or shutter speed
will automatically shift so the exposure does not
change. For example, 1/2000 f/2.8 ISO 400 will
automatically switch to 1/1000 f/4 ISO 400
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