Musician’s Guide (includes PC3, PC3X, PC361, and X-Pro)

Musician’s Guide (includes PC3, PC3X, PC361, and X-Pro)
Musician’s Guide
(includes PC3, PC3X, PC361, and X-Pro)
®
Kurzweil is a registered trademark of Young Chang Co., Ltd. ©2011 All rights reserved. Young Chang®, Kurzweil ®, V. A. S. T. ®, PC3®,
KDFX®, Pitcher®, and LaserVerb®, KSP8 ™, K2661™, K2600™, K2500™, and K2000™ are trademarks of Young Chang Co., Ltd. All other
products and brand names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies. Product features and specifications are
subject to change without notice. You may legally print up to two (2) copies of this document for personal use. Commercial use of any copies of this document
is prohibited. Young Chang Co. retains ownership of all intellectual property represented by this document.
910511-002 – V2 May 2011
The lightning flash with the arrowhead symbol,
within an equilateral triangle, is intended to alert
the user to the presence of uninsulated
"dangerous voltage" within the product's
enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude
to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
CAUTION
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
The exclamation point within an equilateral
triangle is intended to alert the user to the
presence of important operating and
maintenance (servicing) instructions in the
literature accompanying the product.
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK,
DO NOT REMOVE THE COVER
NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL
IMPORTANT SAFETY & INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
INSTRUCTIONS PERTAINING TO THE RISK OF FIRE, ELECTRIC SHOCK, OR INJURY TO PERSONS
WARNING: When using electric products, basic precautions should
always be followed, including the following:
1. Read all of the Safety and Installation Instructions and Explanation
of Graphic Symbols before using the product.
2. This product must be grounded. If it should malfunction or break
down, grounding provides a path of least resistance for electric
current to reduce the risk of electric shock. This product is equipped
with a power supply cord having an equipment-grounding
conductor and a grounding plug. The plug must be plugged into an
appropriate outlet which is properly installed and grounded in
accordance with all local codes and ordinances.
DANGER: Improper connection of the equipment-grounding
conductor can result in a risk of electric shock. Do not modify the
plug provided with the product - if it will not fit the outlet, have a
proper outlet installed by a qualified electrician. Do not use an
adaptor which defeats the function of the equipment-grounding
conductor. If you are in doubt as to whether the product is properly
grounded, check with a qualified serviceman or electrician.
3. WARNING: This product is equipped with an AC input voltage
selector. The voltage selector has been factory set for the mains
supply voltage in the country where this unit was sold. Changing
the voltage selector may require the use of a different power supply
cord or attachment plug, or both. To reduce the risk of fire or electric
shock, refer servicing to qualified maintenance personnel.
4. Do not use this product near water - for example, near a bathtub,
washbowl, kitchen sink, in a wet basement, or near a swimming
pool, or the like.
5. This product should only be used with a stand or cart that is
recommended by the manufacturer.
6. This product, either alone or in combination with an amplifier and
speakers or headphones, may be capable of producing sound
levels that could cause permanent hearing loss. Do not operate for
a long period of time at a high volume level or at a level that is
uncomfortable. If you experience any hearing loss or ringing in the
ears, you should consult an audiologist.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
The product should be located so that its location or position does
not interfere with its proper ventilation.
The product should be located away from heat sources such as
radiators, heat registers, or other products that produce heat.
The product should be connected to a power supply only of the type
described in the operating instructions or as marked on the product.
This product may be equipped with a polarized line plug (one blade
wider than the other). This is a safety feature. If you are unable to
insert the plug into the outlet, contact an electrician to replace your
obsolete outlet. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the plug.
The power supply cord of the product should be unplugged from the
outlet when left unused for a long period of time. When unplugging
the power supply cord, do not pull on the cord, but grasp it by the
plug.
Care should be taken so that objects do not fall and liquids are not
spilled into the enclosure through openings.
The product should be serviced by qualified service personnel
when:
A. The power supply cord or the plug has been damaged;
B. Objects have fallen, or liquid has been spilled into the product;
C. The product has been exposed to rain;
D. The product does not appear to be operating normally or
exhibits a marked change in performance;
E. The product has been dropped, or the enclosure damaged.
Do not attempt to service the product beyond that described in the
user maintenance instructions. All other servicing should be
referred to qualified service personnel.
WARNING: Do not place objects on the product’s power supply
cord, or place the product in a position where anyone could trip
over, walk on, or roll anything over cords of any type. Do not allow
the product to rest on or be installed over cords of any type.
Improper installations of this type create the possibility of a fire
hazard and/or personal injury.
RADIO AND TELEVISION INTERFERENCE
WARNING: Changes or modifications to this instrument not expressly
approved by Young Chang could void your authority to operate the
instrument.
IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/or other
equipment use only high quality shielded cables.
NOTE: This instrument has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference in a residential installation. This instrument
generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
instrument does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the instrument off and on,
the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more
of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the instrument and the receiver.
• Connect the instrument into an outlet on a circuit other than the one
to which the receiver is connected.
• If necessary consult your dealer or an experienced radio/television
technician for additional suggestions.
NOTICE
This apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise
emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference
Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
AVIS
Le present appareil numerique n’emet pas de bruits radioelectriques
depassant les limites applicables aux appareils numeriques de la
class B prescrites dans le Reglement sur le brouillage radioelectrique
edicte par le ministere des Communications du Canada.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
ii
Important Safety Instructions
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Read these instructions
Keep these instructions.
Heed all warnings.
Follow all instructions.
Do not use this apparatus near water.
Clean only with dry cloth.
Do not block any of the ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
8) Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other appara‐
tus (including amplifiers) that produce heat.
9) Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding‐type plug. A polarized plug has two blades with one wider than the other. A grounding type plug has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for replacement of the obso‐
lete outlet.
10) Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched, particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point where they exit from the apparatus.
11) Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.
12) Use only with a cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or table specified by the manu‐
facturer, or sold with the apparatus. When a cart is used, use caution when moving the cart/apparatus combination to avoid injury from tip‐over.
13) Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or when unused for long periods of time.
14) CAUTION: Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent type (CR2032).
15) Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required when the apparatus has been damaged in any way, such as power‐supply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has been dropped.
Warning‐ To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do not expose this apparatus to rain or mois‐
ture. Do not expose this equipment to dripping or splashing and ensure that no objects filled with liquids, such as vases, are placed on the equipment.
To completely disconnect this equipment from the AC Mains, disconnect the power supply cord plug from the AC receptacle.
iii
Kurzweil International Contacts
Contact the Kurzweil office listed below to locate your local Kurzweil representative.
American Music & Sound
22020 Clarendon St, Suite 305
Woodland Hills, CA 91367
Phone: +1 (800) 431‐2609
Fax: +1 (818) 597‐0411
Email: [email protected]
Young Chang Co., Ltd.
9th Floor, Bldg 102, I‐Park,
Jeongja‐Dong, Bundang‐Gu, Seongnam‐Si, Gyeonggi‐Do
463‐811 South Korea
Phone: +82 (31) 786‐7986~7
Fax: +82 (31) 785‐2701
www.ycpiano.co.kr
www.youngchang.com
www.kurzweil.com
TECHNICAL SUPPORT Email: [email protected]
iv
Table Of Contents
Kurzweil International Contacts......................................................................................................................................iv
Chapter 1
Introduction
Keeping Current ..............................................................................................................................................................1‐1
Overview of the PC3 .......................................................................................................................................................1‐2
How the PC3 Works ........................................................................................................................................................1‐2
VAST Synthesis ................................................................................................................................................................1‐3
KB3 Tone Wheel Emulation ...........................................................................................................................................1‐3
VA‐1 Programs .................................................................................................................................................................1‐3
How to Use This Manual ................................................................................................................................................1‐4
Do I Have Everything?....................................................................................................................................................1‐4
Boot Loader.......................................................................................................................................................................1‐4
Battery................................................................................................................................................................................1‐4
Options ..............................................................................................................................................................................1‐5
Sound ROM Expansion Card..................................................................................................................................1‐5
Pedals..........................................................................................................................................................................1‐5
Ribbon Controller .....................................................................................................................................................1‐5
Breath Controller ......................................................................................................................................................1‐5
Chapter 2
Startup
Make Connections ...........................................................................................................................................................2‐1
Make Music.......................................................................................................................................................................2‐1
Startup—the Details ........................................................................................................................................................2‐2
Before You Start... .....................................................................................................................................................2‐2
Connecting the Power Cable (Line Cord) .............................................................................................................2‐2
Connecting Audio Cables........................................................................................................................................2‐2
Connecting MIDI ......................................................................................................................................................2‐3
Pedals..........................................................................................................................................................................2‐4
Breath..........................................................................................................................................................................2‐4
Ribbon ........................................................................................................................................................................2‐5
Switching On the Power ..........................................................................................................................................2‐5
xD Cards ....................................................................................................................................................................2‐6
USB Port .....................................................................................................................................................................2‐6
Setting the Clock .......................................................................................................................................................2‐6
PC3 Programs...................................................................................................................................................................2‐7
Selecting Programs ...................................................................................................................................................2‐7
Easy Audition............................................................................................................................................................2‐7
Program Mode Display ...........................................................................................................................................2‐7
VAST Programs.........................................................................................................................................................2‐8
KB3 Programs............................................................................................................................................................2‐8
Setups ................................................................................................................................................................................2‐9
Quick Access.....................................................................................................................................................................2‐9
The Other Modes ...........................................................................................................................................................2‐10
Software Upgrades ........................................................................................................................................................2‐10
TOC-i
Chapter 3
User Interface Basics
Mode Selection .................................................................................................................................................................3‐1
Mode Buttons ...................................................................................................................................................................3‐2
Bank Buttons.....................................................................................................................................................................3‐2
Sliders ................................................................................................................................................................................3‐3
Program and Category Buttons .....................................................................................................................................3‐4
Picking favorites .......................................................................................................................................................3‐4
Pitch Wheel and Mod Wheel .........................................................................................................................................3‐5
Navigation ........................................................................................................................................................................3‐6
The Display................................................................................................................................................................3‐6
Pages ...........................................................................................................................................................................3‐6
The Top Line..............................................................................................................................................................3‐6
The Bottom Line........................................................................................................................................................3‐6
The Soft Buttons........................................................................................................................................................3‐7
The Cursor Buttons ..................................................................................................................................................3‐7
The Chan/Layer Buttons..........................................................................................................................................3‐7
The Edit Button .........................................................................................................................................................3‐8
The Exit Button .........................................................................................................................................................3‐8
Data Entry .........................................................................................................................................................................3‐9
The Alpha Wheel ......................................................................................................................................................3‐9
The Plus/Minus Buttons ..........................................................................................................................................3‐9
The Alphanumeric Pad ............................................................................................................................................3‐9
Double Button Presses ...........................................................................................................................................3‐10
Intuitive Data Entry.......................................................................................................................................................3‐11
Changing the Current Layer in Multi‐Layer Programs ....................................................................................3‐11
Search...............................................................................................................................................................................3‐12
Quick Song Recording and Playback..........................................................................................................................3‐12
Chapter 4
The Operating Modes
What the Modes Are .......................................................................................................................................................4‐1
Selecting Modes ...............................................................................................................................................................4‐1
Finding Square One..................................................................................................................................................4‐2
Using the Modes ..............................................................................................................................................................4‐2
Program Mode ..........................................................................................................................................................4‐2
Setup Mode................................................................................................................................................................4‐2
Quick Access Mode ..................................................................................................................................................4‐3
Effects Mode ..............................................................................................................................................................4‐3
MIDI Mode ................................................................................................................................................................4‐3
Master Mode .............................................................................................................................................................4‐3
Song Mode .................................................................................................................................................................4‐3
Storage Mode ............................................................................................................................................................4‐3
Chapter 5
Editing Conventions
Introduction to Editing ...................................................................................................................................................5‐1
What’s an Object?......................................................................................................................................................5‐1
Object Type and ID ..........................................................................................................................................................5‐2
Saving and Naming.........................................................................................................................................................5‐3
ROM Objects .............................................................................................................................................................5‐4
Memory Objects ........................................................................................................................................................5‐4
TOC-ii
Keyboard Naming ....................................................................................................................................................5‐5
Deleting Objects ...............................................................................................................................................................5‐6
Dependent Objects ...................................................................................................................................................5‐6
Saving and Loading Files—Storage Mode...................................................................................................................5‐6
Special Button Functions ................................................................................................................................................5‐7
Chapter 6
Program Mode
The Program Mode Page ................................................................................................................................................6‐1
Selecting Programs ...................................................................................................................................................6‐1
The Soft Buttons in Program Mode .......................................................................................................................6‐2
The Info Box...............................................................................................................................................................6‐2
Controllers Assignments For Factory ROM Programs .......................................................................................6‐2
Saving Controller Settings in Program Mode ......................................................................................................6‐3
The Arpeggiator In Program Mode .......................................................................................................................6‐3
MIDI Channels ..........................................................................................................................................................6‐3
VAST and KB3 Programs................................................................................................................................................6‐4
VAST Program Structure ................................................................................................................................................6‐4
KB3 Program Structure ...................................................................................................................................................6‐6
KB3 Mode ..................................................................................................................................................................6‐6
KB3 Effects And Real‐time Controls......................................................................................................................6‐6
MIDI Control of KB3 Programs..............................................................................................................................6‐8
Control Setup....................................................................................................................................................................6‐9
Control Setup Overview..........................................................................................................................................6‐9
Control Setup Advanced Features .......................................................................................................................6‐10
Selecting And Editing The Control Setup...........................................................................................................6‐10
Editing VAST Programs................................................................................................................................................6‐12
The Soft Buttons in the Program Editor ..............................................................................................................6‐12
The MODE Buttons in the Program Editor.........................................................................................................6‐13
Assigning Program Parameters to Control Sources ..........................................................................................6‐13
The KEYMAP Page........................................................................................................................................................6‐14
Keymap ....................................................................................................................................................................6‐14
Transpose (Xpose)...................................................................................................................................................6‐14
Key Tracking (KeyTrk) ...........................................................................................................................................6‐14
Velocity Tracking (VelTrk) .....................................................................................................................................6‐15
Method (AltMethod) ..............................................................................................................................................6‐15
Stereo ........................................................................................................................................................................6‐15
Timbre Shift .............................................................................................................................................................6‐16
Playback Mode........................................................................................................................................................6‐16
Alternative Controller (AltControl) .....................................................................................................................6‐16
Alternative Switch (AltControl and AltMethod) ...............................................................................................6‐16
The LAYER Page ............................................................................................................................................................6‐17
Low Key (LoKey)....................................................................................................................................................6‐18
High Key (HiKey)...................................................................................................................................................6‐18
Low Velocity (LoVel)..............................................................................................................................................6‐18
High Velocity (HiVel).............................................................................................................................................6‐18
Pitch Bend Mode (Bend)........................................................................................................................................6‐18
Trigger (Trig) ...........................................................................................................................................................6‐18
Delay Control (DlyCtl)...........................................................................................................................................6‐18
Minimum Delay (MinDly), Maximum Delay (MaxDly) ..................................................................................6‐19
Enable .......................................................................................................................................................................6‐19
TOC-iii
Enable Sense (S) ......................................................................................................................................................6‐19
Opaque .....................................................................................................................................................................6‐20
Sustain Pedal (SusPdl) ...........................................................................................................................................6‐20
Sostenuto Pedal (SosPdl) .......................................................................................................................................6‐20
Freeze Pedal (FrzPdl) .............................................................................................................................................6‐20
Ignore Release (IgnRel) ..........................................................................................................................................6‐20
Hold Through Attack (ThrAtt) .............................................................................................................................6‐21
Hold Until Decay (TilDec).....................................................................................................................................6‐21
The PITCH Page.............................................................................................................................................................6‐21
The AMP Page................................................................................................................................................................6‐21
The Algorithm (ALG) Page ..........................................................................................................................................6‐22
Algorithm Basics.....................................................................................................................................................6‐23
Common DSP Control Parameters ......................................................................................................................6‐24
Alt Input for Algorithms (Cascade Mode)..........................................................................................................6‐27
Dynamic VAST........................................................................................................................................................6‐28
The DSP Control (DSPCTL) Page ................................................................................................................................6‐29
The DSP Modulation (DSPMOD) Page ......................................................................................................................6‐30
The OUTPUT Page ........................................................................................................................................................6‐31
Pan ............................................................................................................................................................................6‐32
Pan Mode .................................................................................................................................................................6‐32
Output: Pan, Gain, and Mode...............................................................................................................................6‐33
Pan Table ..................................................................................................................................................................6‐33
Crossfade and Crossfade Sense (XFadeSense) ...................................................................................................6‐33
Drum Remap ...........................................................................................................................................................6‐33
Exclusive Zone Map ...............................................................................................................................................6‐34
The COMMON Page .....................................................................................................................................................6‐35
Pitch Bend Range Up and Down..........................................................................................................................6‐35
Monophonic ............................................................................................................................................................6‐35
Legato Play ..............................................................................................................................................................6‐36
Portamento ..............................................................................................................................................................6‐36
Portamento Rate......................................................................................................................................................6‐36
Attack Portamento..................................................................................................................................................6‐36
Mono Sample XFade ..............................................................................................................................................6‐37
Globals......................................................................................................................................................................6‐37
Output: Gain, Pan, and Pan Mode .......................................................................................................................6‐37
Demo Song...............................................................................................................................................................6‐37
The LFO Page .................................................................................................................................................................6‐38
Minimum Rate ........................................................................................................................................................6‐39
Maximum Rate........................................................................................................................................................6‐39
Rate Control.............................................................................................................................................................6‐39
LFO Shape................................................................................................................................................................6‐39
LFO Phase ................................................................................................................................................................6‐39
The ASR Page .................................................................................................................................................................6‐40
Trigger ......................................................................................................................................................................6‐40
Mode.........................................................................................................................................................................6‐40
Delay.........................................................................................................................................................................6‐41
Attack .......................................................................................................................................................................6‐41
Release......................................................................................................................................................................6‐41
The Function (FUN) Page .............................................................................................................................................6‐41
The Amplitude Envelope (AMPENV) Page...............................................................................................................6‐42
Attack Segment Times ...........................................................................................................................................6‐43
TOC-iv
Attack Segment Levels...........................................................................................................................................6‐43
Decay Segment........................................................................................................................................................6‐43
Release Segments....................................................................................................................................................6‐43
Loop Type ................................................................................................................................................................6‐44
Number of Loops....................................................................................................................................................6‐44
The Envelope 2 (ENV2) and Envelope 3 (ENV3) Pages ...........................................................................................6‐44
The Envelope Control (ENVCTL) Page ......................................................................................................................6‐45
Adjust .......................................................................................................................................................................6‐46
Key Tracking............................................................................................................................................................6‐46
Velocity Tracking ....................................................................................................................................................6‐46
Source, Depth ..........................................................................................................................................................6‐46
Impact.......................................................................................................................................................................6‐47
The Program FX (PROGFX) Page ................................................................................................................................6‐47
Insert .........................................................................................................................................................................6‐47
Aux 1, Aux 2 ............................................................................................................................................................6‐47
Output ......................................................................................................................................................................6‐48
Auxiliary Send Parameters....................................................................................................................................6‐48
Aux1 Mod, Aux2 Mod ...........................................................................................................................................6‐49
The Layer FX (LYR_FX) Page .......................................................................................................................................6‐49
The Controllers (CTLS) Page........................................................................................................................................6‐50
INFO ................................................................................................................................................................................6‐51
Function Soft Buttons ....................................................................................................................................................6‐51
Set Controllers (SetCtl)...........................................................................................................................................6‐52
New Layer (NewLyr) .............................................................................................................................................6‐52
Duplicate Layer (DupLyr) .....................................................................................................................................6‐52
Import Layer (ImpLyr)...........................................................................................................................................6‐52
Delete Layer (DelLyr).............................................................................................................................................6‐52
Name, Save, Delete.................................................................................................................................................6‐52
Editing VAST Programs With KVA Oscillators.........................................................................................................6‐53
Basic Use of KVA Oscillators ................................................................................................................................6‐53
Setting KVA Oscillator Type .................................................................................................................................6‐54
Advanced Use Of KVA Oscillators ......................................................................................................................6‐55
Editing KB3 Programs...................................................................................................................................................6‐59
KB3 Editor: The Tone Wheels (TONEWL) Page........................................................................................................6‐59
Upper Tone Wheel Keymap..................................................................................................................................6‐59
Upper Volume Adjust ............................................................................................................................................6‐60
Number of Tone Wheels ........................................................................................................................................6‐60
Organ Map...............................................................................................................................................................6‐60
Wheel Volume Map................................................................................................................................................6‐60
Globals......................................................................................................................................................................6‐60
Lower Transpose / Upper Transpose ...................................................................................................................6‐60
KB3 Editor: The Drawbars (DRAWBR) Page.............................................................................................................6‐61
Mode.........................................................................................................................................................................6‐61
Steps..........................................................................................................................................................................6‐61
Volume .....................................................................................................................................................................6‐61
Tune ..........................................................................................................................................................................6‐61
KB3 Editor: The Set Drawbars (SetDBR) Soft Button ...............................................................................................6‐62
KB3 Editor: The PITCH Page .......................................................................................................................................6‐62
KB3 Editor: The AMP Page ..........................................................................................................................................6‐62
KB3 Editor: The PERC1 Page .......................................................................................................................................6‐63
Percussion ................................................................................................................................................................6‐63
TOC-v
Volume .....................................................................................................................................................................6‐63
Decay ........................................................................................................................................................................6‐63
Harmonic .................................................................................................................................................................6‐64
VelTrack....................................................................................................................................................................6‐64
LowHarm.................................................................................................................................................................6‐64
HighHarm................................................................................................................................................................6‐64
StealBar.....................................................................................................................................................................6‐64
KB3 Editor: The PERC2 Page .......................................................................................................................................6‐64
PercLevel, DecayTime, OrgLevel .........................................................................................................................6‐65
KB3 Editor: The KEYCLK Page ...................................................................................................................................6‐65
KeyClick...................................................................................................................................................................6‐65
Volume .....................................................................................................................................................................6‐65
Decay ........................................................................................................................................................................6‐66
VelTrk .......................................................................................................................................................................6‐66
Pitch ..........................................................................................................................................................................6‐66
Random ....................................................................................................................................................................6‐66
ReTrigThresh ...........................................................................................................................................................6‐66
Note Attack..............................................................................................................................................................6‐66
Note Release ............................................................................................................................................................6‐66
KB3 Editor: The MISC Page..........................................................................................................................................6‐67
PreampResp.............................................................................................................................................................6‐67
Leakage ....................................................................................................................................................................6‐67
LeakMode ................................................................................................................................................................6‐68
SpeedCtl ...................................................................................................................................................................6‐68
VibChorCtl...............................................................................................................................................................6‐68
VibChorSel...............................................................................................................................................................6‐68
VolAdjust .................................................................................................................................................................6‐68
BendRngUp, BendRngDn .....................................................................................................................................6‐68
Sustain ......................................................................................................................................................................6‐68
Sostenuto..................................................................................................................................................................6‐68
LesliePedal ...............................................................................................................................................................6‐68
KB3 Editor: The EQ Page ..............................................................................................................................................6‐69
KB3 Editor: The OUTPUT Page ...................................................................................................................................6‐70
Exp Pedal .................................................................................................................................................................6‐70
KB3 Editor: The Program FX (PROGFX) Page ..........................................................................................................6‐70
KB3 Editor: The LFO, ASR, and FUN Pages..............................................................................................................6‐70
KB3 Programming Tips ................................................................................................................................................6‐71
Chapter 7
Setup Mode
Zone‐status LEDs in Setup Mode...........................................................................................................................7‐2
Soloing a Zone...........................................................................................................................................................7‐3
The Setup Editor ..............................................................................................................................................................7‐3
The Channel/Program (CH/PROG) Page .....................................................................................................................7‐4
Program......................................................................................................................................................................7‐4
Destination.................................................................................................................................................................7‐5
Channel ......................................................................................................................................................................7‐5
MidiBank....................................................................................................................................................................7‐5
MidiProg ....................................................................................................................................................................7‐6
Status ..........................................................................................................................................................................7‐6
Out ..............................................................................................................................................................................7‐6
TOC-vi
Input Channel ...........................................................................................................................................................7‐6
MIDI Bank Mode (BankMode) ...............................................................................................................................7‐7
Entry Program Change (EntryProgChg)...............................................................................................................7‐8
Arpeggiator ...............................................................................................................................................................7‐8
The Key/Velocity (KEY‐VEL) Page ................................................................................................................................7‐9
Low Key (LoKey), High Key (HiKey) .................................................................................................................7‐10
Transpose .................................................................................................................................................................7‐10
Note Map .................................................................................................................................................................7‐10
Velocity Scale (VelScale) ........................................................................................................................................7‐11
Velocity Offset .........................................................................................................................................................7‐12
Velocity Curve (VelCurve).....................................................................................................................................7‐14
Low Velocity (LoVel), HighVelocity (HiVel).......................................................................................................7‐16
The Pan/Volume (PAN/VOL) Page .............................................................................................................................7‐17
Entry Volume, Exit Volume...................................................................................................................................7‐17
Entry Pan, Exit Pan .................................................................................................................................................7‐17
The BEND Page..............................................................................................................................................................7‐18
Bend Range (Semitones) and Bend Range (Cents): Up and Down .................................................................7‐18
Aux Bend 1 Up and Aux Bend 1 Down ..............................................................................................................7‐19
Aux Bend 2 Range ..................................................................................................................................................7‐19
Controllers ......................................................................................................................................................................7‐19
Continuous Controllers .........................................................................................................................................7‐20
Switch Controllers ..................................................................................................................................................7‐21
The Controller Destination List ............................................................................................................................7‐21
Shift Key Number, Shift Key (ShKeyNum, ShiftKey) .......................................................................................7‐26
Continuous Controller Parameters ......................................................................................................................7‐29
Switch Controller Parameters ...............................................................................................................................7‐30
The WHEEL Page...........................................................................................................................................................7‐32
The SLIDER and SLID2 Pages......................................................................................................................................7‐33
The Continuous Control Pedal (CPEDAL) Page .......................................................................................................7‐34
The Pressure (PRESS) Page...........................................................................................................................................7‐35
The Footswitch Pages (FT SW1, FT SW2, FT SW3) ...................................................................................................7‐36
The Arpeggiator Switch (ARP SW) Page ...................................................................................................................7‐37
The SWITCH Page .........................................................................................................................................................7‐38
The RIBBON Page..........................................................................................................................................................7‐39
The Ribbon Configuration (RIBCFG) Page ................................................................................................................7‐40
Ribbon Configuration ............................................................................................................................................7‐40
Position Mode (PosMode) .....................................................................................................................................7‐41
Spring .......................................................................................................................................................................7‐41
Center .......................................................................................................................................................................7‐41
The ARPEGGIATOR & ARPEGGIATOR 2 (ARP1, ARP2) Pages ...........................................................................7‐42
The ARPEGGIATOR Page.....................................................................................................................................7‐42
The ARPEGGIATOR 2 Page..................................................................................................................................7‐49
Real‐time Control of Arpeggiator Parameters ...................................................................................................7‐53
Riffs ..................................................................................................................................................................................7‐55
The RIFF1 Page .......................................................................................................................................................7‐55
The RIFF2 Page .......................................................................................................................................................7‐58
Real‐time Control of Riff Parameters...................................................................................................................7‐63
The FX Pages: FX, AUX1, AUX2, and MASTER EFFECTS......................................................................................7‐64
The Programmable Switch Pages: SWPRG1 to SWPRG8 ........................................................................................7‐64
The COMMON Page .....................................................................................................................................................7‐65
Tempo.......................................................................................................................................................................7‐65
TOC-vii
Clock Source ............................................................................................................................................................7‐65
Aux FX Channel......................................................................................................................................................7‐65
KB3 Channel............................................................................................................................................................7‐66
Mutes ........................................................................................................................................................................7‐66
Arpeggiator Global (ArpGlobal) ..........................................................................................................................7‐66
TRIGGER KEYS (KEYTRG)..........................................................................................................................................7‐67
The Utility Soft Buttons.................................................................................................................................................7‐68
Name ........................................................................................................................................................................7‐68
Save...........................................................................................................................................................................7‐68
Delete........................................................................................................................................................................7‐68
New Zone (NewZn) ...............................................................................................................................................7‐68
Duplicate Zone (DupZn) .......................................................................................................................................7‐68
Import Zone (ImpZn).............................................................................................................................................7‐68
Delete Zone (DelZn)...............................................................................................................................................7‐68
Recording A Setup To Song Mode ..............................................................................................................................7‐69
Chapter 8
Quick Access Mode
Soft Buttons In Quick Access Mode.......................................................................................................................8‐2
The QA Editor ..................................................................................................................................................................8‐2
Chapter 9
Effects and Effect Mode
Effects Overview ..............................................................................................................................................................9‐1
Insert Effects ..............................................................................................................................................................9‐1
Aux Effects.................................................................................................................................................................9‐1
Master Effects ............................................................................................................................................................9‐2
Chains.........................................................................................................................................................................9‐2
Signal Flow ................................................................................................................................................................9‐2
DSP Units ‐ Manage and Distribute Processor Power for Effects......................................................................9‐3
Aux Override.............................................................................................................................................................9‐3
Effect Mode and the Effects Pages.................................................................................................................................9‐4
The EffectsEnable Page ............................................................................................................................................9‐4
The Aux 1 Override and Aux 2 Override Pages ..................................................................................................9‐5
The Master Effects Page...........................................................................................................................................9‐8
The Chain Editor..............................................................................................................................................................9‐9
The MAIN Page ........................................................................................................................................................9‐9
The MOD Pages ......................................................................................................................................................9‐10
FXLFO, FXASR, and FXFUN pages .....................................................................................................................9‐11
INFO .........................................................................................................................................................................9‐11
Effects Parameters..........................................................................................................................................................9‐12
General Parameters ................................................................................................................................................9‐12
Reverbs .....................................................................................................................................................................9‐13
Delays .......................................................................................................................................................................9‐14
Equalizers (EQ) .......................................................................................................................................................9‐15
Compressors, Expanders, and Gates ...................................................................................................................9‐16
Chorus ......................................................................................................................................................................9‐18
Flanger......................................................................................................................................................................9‐19
Quantize...................................................................................................................................................................9‐19
LaserVerb .................................................................................................................................................................9‐19
Filters ........................................................................................................................................................................9‐20
TOC-viii
Distortion .................................................................................................................................................................9‐21
Rotating Speakers ...................................................................................................................................................9‐22
Vibrato/Chorus........................................................................................................................................................9‐23
Tremolo and AutoPan ............................................................................................................................................9‐24
Pitcher.......................................................................................................................................................................9‐25
Ring Modulation.....................................................................................................................................................9‐25
Stereo Simulation....................................................................................................................................................9‐25
Chapter 10 MIDI Mode
The TRANSMIT Page ....................................................................................................................................................10‐1
Control Setup ..........................................................................................................................................................10‐2
Destination...............................................................................................................................................................10‐2
Channel ....................................................................................................................................................................10‐2
Transpose .................................................................................................................................................................10‐2
Velocity Map (Transmit) ........................................................................................................................................10‐3
Pressure Map (Transmit) .......................................................................................................................................10‐4
Program Change (ProgChang) .............................................................................................................................10‐4
Change Setups (ChgSetups)..................................................................................................................................10‐5
The RECEIVE Page ........................................................................................................................................................10‐5
Basic Channel ..........................................................................................................................................................10‐6
MIDI Receive Mode (MIDI Mode) .......................................................................................................................10‐6
All Notes Off ...........................................................................................................................................................10‐6
Program Change Mode (PrgChgMode) ..............................................................................................................10‐6
Velocity Map (Receive) ..........................................................................................................................................10‐7
Pressure Map (Receive) .........................................................................................................................................10‐8
System Exclusive ID (SysExID) ............................................................................................................................10‐8
Bank Select ...............................................................................................................................................................10‐9
Local Keyboard Channel (LocalKbdCh) .............................................................................................................10‐9
The Channels Page.......................................................................................................................................................10‐13
Enable .....................................................................................................................................................................10‐13
Program..................................................................................................................................................................10‐13
Pan ..........................................................................................................................................................................10‐14
Volume ...................................................................................................................................................................10‐14
Program Lock, Pan Lock, Volume Lock ............................................................................................................10‐14
Program Change Formats...........................................................................................................................................10‐15
Extended Program Changes ...............................................................................................................................10‐15
QAccess ..................................................................................................................................................................10‐16
The Soft Buttons in MIDI Mode.................................................................................................................................10‐18
Program Change (PrgChg)..................................................................................................................................10‐18
Reset Channels (RsetCh)......................................................................................................................................10‐18
Panic........................................................................................................................................................................10‐18
Chapter 11 Master Mode
MAIN...............................................................................................................................................................................11‐1
Tune ..........................................................................................................................................................................11‐2
Transpose .................................................................................................................................................................11‐2
FX Mode...................................................................................................................................................................11‐2
Drum Remap ...........................................................................................................................................................11‐2
ID Entry....................................................................................................................................................................11‐2
TOC-ix
Setup Controllers (SetupCtls) ...............................................................................................................................11‐2
Master Table Lock (Master Lock) .........................................................................................................................11‐3
Demo Button ...........................................................................................................................................................11‐3
Buttons Mode (Buttons).........................................................................................................................................11‐3
Display .....................................................................................................................................................................11‐3
MAPS...............................................................................................................................................................................11‐4
Velocity Map (Master)............................................................................................................................................11‐4
Pressure Map (Master)...........................................................................................................................................11‐6
Intonation.................................................................................................................................................................11‐7
Key Action Map ......................................................................................................................................................11‐8
Intonation Key (Int.Key)........................................................................................................................................11‐8
Default Sequence ....................................................................................................................................................11‐9
OUTPUT..........................................................................................................................................................................11‐9
Output Clock ...........................................................................................................................................................11‐9
Digital Output Volume (Dig. out volume)..........................................................................................................11‐9
Digital Output (Dig. Out) ......................................................................................................................................11‐9
Aux Out Pair Mode ................................................................................................................................................11‐9
Clock Source ..........................................................................................................................................................11‐10
TEMPO ..........................................................................................................................................................................11‐10
General MIDI Mode (GM On, GM Off)....................................................................................................................11‐11
OBJECT..........................................................................................................................................................................11‐12
Rename...................................................................................................................................................................11‐13
Delete......................................................................................................................................................................11‐13
UTILS (UTILITIES) ......................................................................................................................................................11‐15
CLOCK ..........................................................................................................................................................................11‐16
Reset...............................................................................................................................................................................11‐16
Loader............................................................................................................................................................................11‐17
About .............................................................................................................................................................................11‐17
Save ................................................................................................................................................................................11‐17
Preview Sample (PRVIEW) ........................................................................................................................................11‐17
Chapter 12 Song Mode and the Song Editor
Getting Started with the Sequencer ............................................................................................................................12‐1
What is a Sequencer?..............................................................................................................................................12‐1
Song Mode: The MAIN Page .......................................................................................................................................12‐1
Current Song (CurSong) ........................................................................................................................................12‐2
Tempo.......................................................................................................................................................................12‐2
Recording Track (RecTrk) ......................................................................................................................................12‐3
Program (Prog) .......................................................................................................................................................12‐3
Track Number (Trk:#).............................................................................................................................................12‐3
Volume (Vol)............................................................................................................................................................12‐4
Pan ............................................................................................................................................................................12‐5
Mode.........................................................................................................................................................................12‐6
Location (Locat) ......................................................................................................................................................12‐6
Mode Indicators (+ and x): ....................................................................................................................................12‐6
Activity Indicators ..................................................................................................................................................12‐6
Track Status Indicators...........................................................................................................................................12‐7
Track Channels........................................................................................................................................................12‐7
Soft Buttons on the MAIN Page ........................................................................................................................... 12‐7
The Save Changes Dialog ......................................................................................................................................12‐9
TOC-x
Song Mode: The BIG Page ..........................................................................................................................................12‐10
Time In ...................................................................................................................................................................12‐11
Time Out ................................................................................................................................................................12‐11
Song End ................................................................................................................................................................12‐11
Loop........................................................................................................................................................................12‐11
RecMode ................................................................................................................................................................12‐11
Metron ....................................................................................................................................................................12‐11
Song Mode: The FX Pages ..........................................................................................................................................12‐12
Song Mode: The MIXER Page ....................................................................................................................................12‐12
Out ..........................................................................................................................................................................12‐12
The Rec, Play, and Stop Soft Buttons .................................................................................................................12‐13
The Keep Soft Button ...........................................................................................................................................12‐13
The Done Soft Button ...........................................................................................................................................12‐13
Song Mode: The METRONOME Page......................................................................................................................12‐13
Metronome ............................................................................................................................................................12‐14
CountOff ................................................................................................................................................................12‐14
Program..................................................................................................................................................................12‐14
Channel ..................................................................................................................................................................12‐14
Strong Note............................................................................................................................................................12‐14
Strong Vel...............................................................................................................................................................12‐14
Soft Note ................................................................................................................................................................12‐14
Soft Vel ...................................................................................................................................................................12‐14
The Rec, Play, and Stop Soft Buttons .................................................................................................................12‐14
The Done Soft Button ...........................................................................................................................................12‐14
Song Mode: The Filter Pages (RECFLT and PLYFLT).............................................................................................12‐15
Notes.......................................................................................................................................................................12‐15
LoKey .....................................................................................................................................................................12‐15
Hi.............................................................................................................................................................................12‐15
LoVel.......................................................................................................................................................................12‐16
Hi.............................................................................................................................................................................12‐16
Controllers .............................................................................................................................................................12‐16
Controller...............................................................................................................................................................12‐16
LoVal.......................................................................................................................................................................12‐16
Hi.............................................................................................................................................................................12‐16
PitchBend ...............................................................................................................................................................12‐16
ProgChange ...........................................................................................................................................................12‐16
MonoPress .............................................................................................................................................................12‐16
PolyPress ................................................................................................................................................................12‐16
The Rec, Play, and Stop Soft Buttons .................................................................................................................12‐16
The Done Soft Button ...........................................................................................................................................12‐17
Song Mode: The MISC Page .......................................................................................................................................12‐17
Control Chase........................................................................................................................................................12‐17
Quant ......................................................................................................................................................................12‐17
Grid.........................................................................................................................................................................12‐18
Swing ......................................................................................................................................................................12‐18
Release....................................................................................................................................................................12‐18
Key Wait.................................................................................................................................................................12‐18
Song Mode: The STATS Page .....................................................................................................................................12‐18
The Song Editor............................................................................................................................................................12‐19
Song Editor: The COMMON Page ............................................................................................................................12‐19
Tempo.....................................................................................................................................................................12‐20
TOC-xi
TimeSig...................................................................................................................................................................12‐20
FX Track .................................................................................................................................................................12‐20
DrumTrack.............................................................................................................................................................12‐20
MidiDst ..................................................................................................................................................................12‐20
Soft Buttons on the COMMON Page .................................................................................................................12‐21
Song Editor: The TRACK Page ..................................................................................................................................12‐21
Common Parameters for Edit Song: Track Functions .....................................................................................12‐22
Region/Criteria Box Parameters .........................................................................................................................12‐22
Soft Buttons on the TRACK Page .......................................................................................................................12‐23
Song Editor: Track Functions .....................................................................................................................................12‐24
Erase .......................................................................................................................................................................12‐24
Copy .......................................................................................................................................................................12‐24
Bounce ....................................................................................................................................................................12‐25
Insert .......................................................................................................................................................................12‐26
Delete......................................................................................................................................................................12‐26
Quantize.................................................................................................................................................................12‐27
Shift.........................................................................................................................................................................12‐28
Transpose ...............................................................................................................................................................12‐28
Grab ........................................................................................................................................................................12‐29
Change ...................................................................................................................................................................12‐30
Remap.....................................................................................................................................................................12‐31
Song Editor: The EVENT Page...................................................................................................................................12‐31
Initial Program, Volume, Pan..............................................................................................................................12‐32
Location..................................................................................................................................................................12‐32
Bar, Beat, and Tick ................................................................................................................................................12‐32
Event Type and Value ..........................................................................................................................................12‐32
Soft Buttons on the EVENT Page .......................................................................................................................12‐33
Tempo Track ..........................................................................................................................................................12‐33
Chapter 13 Storage Mode
Storage Mode Page ........................................................................................................................................................13‐1
Using xD Cards.......................................................................................................................................................13‐2
Using The USB Drive .............................................................................................................................................13‐2
Storage Mode Common Features ................................................................................................................................13‐3
Directories................................................................................................................................................................13‐3
Path ...........................................................................................................................................................................13‐3
Common Dialogues................................................................................................................................................13‐3
The STORE Page ............................................................................................................................................................13‐5
Storing Overview....................................................................................................................................................13‐5
Select Object Type To Store ...................................................................................................................................13‐6
Select Object Range To Store .................................................................................................................................13‐6
The Store Advanced Page......................................................................................................................................13‐6
The LOAD Page .............................................................................................................................................................13‐8
Loading Individual Objects From A .PC3 Or Compatible File Type ..............................................................13‐9
Loading Methods..................................................................................................................................................13‐10
The Utilities (UTILS) Page ..........................................................................................................................................13‐12
Soft Buttons on the Utilities Page .......................................................................................................................13‐12
Export ............................................................................................................................................................................13‐13
Format ...........................................................................................................................................................................13‐13
TOC-xii
Chapter 14 Keymap and Sample Editing
The Keymap Editor .......................................................................................................................................................14‐1
Keymap Editor Parameters ...................................................................................................................................14‐3
The Soft Buttons in the Keymap Editor...............................................................................................................14‐5
Special Double Button Presses in the Keymap Editor.......................................................................................14‐6
Building a Keymap ........................................................................................................................................................14‐7
Editing Samples .............................................................................................................................................................14‐9
The Miscellaneous (MISC) Page ........................................................................................................................... 14‐9
The TRIM Page......................................................................................................................................................14‐12
Chapter 15 Tutorial: Song Mode
Part 1: Assign Instruments To Tracks ..................................................................................................................15‐2
Part 2: Set The Tempo.............................................................................................................................................15‐3
Part 3: Record Your First Track, Save The Song .................................................................................................15‐4
Part 4: Record Additional Tracks..........................................................................................................................15‐7
Part 5: Fixing Mistakes ...........................................................................................................................................15‐8
Part 6: Adjusting The Volume Of Each Instrument .........................................................................................15‐10
Part 7: Learning More About Song Mode .........................................................................................................15‐15
Appendix A Specifications
MIDI Implementation Chart .........................................................................................................................................A‐1
Specifications ...................................................................................................................................................................A‐2
Appendix B PC3 Bootloader
Using the Bootloader Menu ................................................................................................................................... B‐1
Updating PC3 Software and Objects .................................................................................................................... B‐2
PC3 Diagnostics ....................................................................................................................................................... B‐3
System Reset............................................................................................................................................................. B‐3
File Utilities............................................................................................................................................................... B‐3
Restoring the PC3 File System ............................................................................................................................... B‐4
Appendix C Changing PC3 Voltage
Removing the fuse holder ...................................................................................................................................... C‐1
Appendix D PC3 Objects (V 2)
Programs ..........................................................................................................................................................................D‐1
Setups .............................................................................................................................................................................D‐13
Effect Chains..................................................................................................................................................................D‐15
Effect Presets with Algorithms ...................................................................................................................................D‐21
How to Use These Tables......................................................................................................................................D‐21
Reverbs ....................................................................................................................................................................D‐21
Delays ......................................................................................................................................................................D‐25
Chorus .....................................................................................................................................................................D‐27
Flange ......................................................................................................................................................................D‐27
Phaser ......................................................................................................................................................................D‐28
Trem / Panner / Spatial..........................................................................................................................................D‐29
Rotary ......................................................................................................................................................................D‐29
TOC-xiii
Distortion ................................................................................................................................................................D‐30
Dynamics ................................................................................................................................................................D‐31
EQ / Filters ..............................................................................................................................................................D‐31
Chorus / Combi......................................................................................................................................................D‐33
Flange / Combi .......................................................................................................................................................D‐34
Keymaps.........................................................................................................................................................................D‐36
Samples ..........................................................................................................................................................................D‐42
Arpeggiator Shift Patterns ...........................................................................................................................................D‐49
Arpeggiator Velocity Patterns.....................................................................................................................................D‐51
Appendix E PC3 Legacy File Conversion
Object Types and Conversion Details .......................................................................................................................... E‐1
Keymap Objects ....................................................................................................................................................... E‐1
Program Objects....................................................................................................................................................... E‐1
Setup Objects ............................................................................................................................................................ E‐1
Index
TOC-xiv
Introduction
Keeping Current
Chapter 1
Introduction
Greetings. Your new instrument offers amazing acoustic, electric, and synthesizer sounds, combined with advanced programming features that will let you create almost any sound you can imagine. This manual covers the PC3 in its 88, 76, and 61‐note configurations (PC3x, PC3, and PC361), as well as the X‐Pro, which adds a beautiful cabinet and powerful sound system to the package. For the most part, anywhere we talk about the PC3 in this manual we mean any of these instruments.
The PC3 comes loaded with 64 MB of ROM sounds, powered by Kurzweil’s newest custom chip set – cutting edge technology that nobody else has. In addition to the great sounds and programming features, the PC3 is fully equipped with performance features you’ll use at every gig. For example, there are nine conveniently situated sliders for accurately emulating the drawbars on a tone wheel organ such as a Hammond B3™. And the PC3’s 24 dedicated sound select buttons, along with its Quick Access banks will let you instantly choose and change sounds whenever you like.
If you’ve used other Kurzweil gear, you’ll have no trouble getting up and running quickly. Bear in mind, however, that the PC3’s beauties are more than skin‐deep; you’ll want to read this manual, as well as the materials at the www.kurzweil.com website to take full advantage of your instrument. Keeping Current
Check for new documentation and operating system upgrades before you start using your instrument. When new software is available for the PC3, it will be posted at www.kurzweil.com. You’ll use the PC3’s Boot Loader (described in this manual) to upgrade your instrument to use the new software.
Pictured below is the 88‐key PC3x.
Arp
SW
1-1
Introduction
Overview of the PC3
Overview of the PC3
The PC3’s 800+ programs include the Orchestral and Contemporary sound blocks, General MIDI (GM), Stereo Triple Strike Piano, Classic Keys for realistic vintage electric piano sounds, and new String Sections. Multi‐zone performance setups are also provided; many of these setups use note triggers to play factory‐recorded songs that provide grooves and arpeggiation that make great templates for performance or recording. An on‐board sequencer with front panel transport buttons lets you record your ideas any time inspiration strikes. This sequencer (Song mode) lets you play back MIDI type 0 or 1 sequences, record and play back your own songs, and record multi‐timbral sequences received via MIDI.
Before we get into explaining VAST, here are a few of the features that by themselves make the PC3 an impressive stage and studio machine. It has 128‐voice polyphony and is fully multi‐
timbral, so that different programs can be played on each MIDI channel. There’s an on‐board digital effects processor providing multiple simultaneous effects, including real‐time effects control, internally or via MIDI. In fact, the PC3 offers more effects processing power than Kurzweil’s much‐lauded KSP8 studio effects processor.
In addition to the standard stereo audio output pair, there are two additional balanced analog outputs, as well as a digital output. All of the outputs are available to you simultaneously. For backup, storage, and moving files, there’s an xD card slot on the back panel of the PC3. The provided USB port lets you connect the PC3 to a computer for file transfer and MIDI.
How the PC3 Works
The PC3 integrates three MIDI‐driven components: a MIDI controller (the keyboard, or an external MIDI controller), a sound engine, and an effects processor that employs the same effects used in Kurzweil’s KSP8. The sound engine responds to the MIDI events generated by the MIDI controller, and turns them into sounds that are processed within the variable architecture of the algorithms—or by oscillators for KB3 programs. The resulting sound can then be routed through the PC3’s effects and to the audio outputs.
1-2
Introduction
VAST Synthesis
VAST Synthesis
The PC3’s Variable Architecture Synthesis Technology (V.A.S.T.) lets you build sounds from realistic instrumental samples and sampled synth waveforms—then modify the nature of those sounds through a wide variety of digital signal‐processing (DSP) functions. The PC3 also generates its own synth waveforms, which can be combined with the samples or used on their own. While many other synthesizers may offer a fixed set of DSP tools (typically filtering, pitch, and amplitude modulation) the PC3’s Variable Architecture lets you arrange a combination of DSP functions from a long list of choices. The functions you choose define the type of synthesis you use.
Each layer of every program has its own DSP architecture, which we call an algorithm. Within each algorithm, you can select from a variety of DSP functions. Each function can be independently controlled by a variety of sources including LFOs, ASRs, envelopes, a set of unique programmable functions (FUNs), as well as any MIDI control message. The many different DSP functions and the wealth of independent control sources give you an extremely flexible, truly vast collection of tools for sound creation and modification. New with the PC3 are powerful editing features we call Dynamic V.A.S.T. and Cascade Mode.
•
Dynamic V.A.S.T. allows you to “wire” your own algorithms, combining different DSP functions in any order you like, including parallel and serial configurations.
•
Cascade Mode lets you route any layer of a program into the DSP of any other layer. Any of the 32 layers of a program can go into any other layer.
When you’re ready to jump in and start creating programs, turn to Chapter 6.
KB3 Tone Wheel Emulation
In addition to VAST synthesis, the PC3 offers many oscillator‐based programs that give you the classic sound of tone‐wheel organs like the Hammond B3. KB3 mode, as we call it, is completely independent of VAST, and has its own set of editing procedures. Nine dedicated sliders on the PC3’s front panel give you real‐time drawbar control over these organ sounds. Buttons above the sliders control rotating speaker speed, percussion, and other organ features. The quickest way to get to the KB3 programs is by pressing the KB3 button (above the sliders, to the left of the screen). The blue LED in the KB3 button will light when the current program is a KB3 program.
VA-1 Programs
The VA‐1 (Virtual Analog Synthesizer) programs included with the PC3 offer realistic emulations of classic analog synthesizers, built from Kurzweil’s unique anti‐aliased DSP‐
generated oscillators. The PC3’s power‐shaped oscillators let you transition smoothly from one waveform into another in real time, without using cross‐fades.
VA‐1 programs are scattered throughout the PC3. Look for them in the Synth Category and the Classic Keys Bank. You’ll see “KVA Oscillator” appear in the Keymap screen on the left hand side of the display.
1-3
Introduction
How to Use This Manual
How to Use This Manual
This manual describes how to connect and power up your PC3, getting around the front panel, and a brief description of the operating modes. For information on editing and advanced programming features, refer to additional material provided on the Kurzweil website: www.kurzweil.com
The best way to read this manual is with your PC3 in front of you. By trying the examples we give to illustrate various functions, you can get a quick understanding of the basics, then move on to the more advanced features.
Do I Have Everything?
Your PC3 shipping carton should include the following in addition to your instrument:
•
Power cable
•
Sustain pedal
•
USB cable
•
Getting Started manual (this book)
If you don’t have all of these components, please call your Kurzweil/Young Chang dealer.
You may also want to purchase an xD memory card for storage and an xD card interface for your computer, if one is not built in. The PC3 is compatible with xD cards type S (up to 512MB) or type M+ (up to 1 GB) formatted FAT16. (The PC3 does NOT support type M or type H xD cards.)
Boot Loader
When you need to update the PC3’s software or run diagnostic tests, you’ll use the Boot Loader. To bring up the Boot Loader, hold down the Exit button (below the cursor buttons, to the right of the display) while powering on your PC3. Refer to Appendix B for details on the Boot Loader.
Battery
The PC3 uses a CR2032 battery to power its clock. The battery should last five years, and a message will tell you when the battery needs replacing. The access panel on the bottom of the PC3 (which you can easily remove with a screwdriver) allows you to get at the battery for removal and replacement.
CAUTION: Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent type (CR2032).
1-4
Introduction
Options
Options
Ask your Kurzweil dealer about the following PC3 options:
Sound ROM Expansion Card
The PC3 has a socket for a 64 MB expansion card to add additional Kurzweil ROM sounds. This is user installable (the expansion kit comes with complete instructions). Pedals
The PC3 has jacks for three switch pedals (for functions like sustain or program/setup changes) and two continuous pedals (for functions like volume control and wah). Your Kurzweil dealer stocks the following optional pedals:
FS‐1
KFP‐1
KFP‐2M
CC‐1
Standard box‐shaped switch pedal
Single piano‐style switch pedal
Double piano‐style switch pedal unit
Continuous pedal
Ribbon Controller
There’s a dedicated modular jack (like a telephone jack) on the rear panel of the PC3 for connecting this 600‐mm (24‐inch) ribbon controller. You can configure the PC3 to use the ribbon as a single large controller, or a three‐section controller with independent settings for each section.
Breath Controller
You can plug a Yamaha (or equivalent) breath controller into the dedicated jack on the PC3’s rear panel.
1-5
Introduction
Options
1-6
Startup
Make Connections
Chapter 2
Startup
If hooking up new gear is familiar to you, and you just want to get going, here’s a quick description of what you need to get started with your PC3. If you need more information, thorough descriptions of each step follow.
Make Connections
1. Set the keyboard on a hard, flat, level surface. Make sure to leave plenty of room for ventilation. 2. Four adhesive‐backed rubber feet are provided with your PC3. If you want to attach them to the bottom of the PC3 (recommended to prevent scratching your tabletop), carefully turn the keyboard over, remove the paper backing from the rubber feet and attach them now, near each corner, all on the same level.
3. Connect the power cable.
4. Make sure your sound system is at a safe volume level. Also make sure that the PC3’s MASTER VOLUME slider (on the far left side of the front panel) is all the way down.
5. Plug in a pair of stereo headphones or run standard (1/4‐inch) audio cables from your amplifier or mixer to the MIX audio outputs on the PC3. (Use the Main Left out for mono.) Balanced (“TRS” or “Stereo”) cables are recommended.
Make Music
1. Power up your PC3, raise the level of the MASTER VOLUME slider, and check out some of the programs and setups. The PC3 starts up in Program mode by default. Press one of the mode buttons to the left of the display to switch modes.
2. If you hear distortion, reduce the gain on your mixing board, or use the pad if it has one.
3. Scroll through the program list with the Alpha Wheel, or the dedicated Category and Program buttons, and try the PC3’s many sounds.
2-1
Startup
Startup—the Details
Startup—the Details
This section walks you through the hookup of your PC3. We’ll take a look at the rear panel, then describe the power, audio, and other cable connections.
Before You Start...
Don’t connect anything until you make sure your PC3 is properly and safely situated. Also, if your PC3 has been out in the cold, give it time to warm up to room temperature before starting it, since condensation may have formed inside the PC3. It is normal for the rear panel near the MIDI jacks to become warm after a while.
Connecting the Power Cable (Line Cord)
The PC3 runs on AC power: 100, 120, 230, or 240 volts at 50–60 Hz. Your dealer will set the voltage switch to match the voltage in your area. The voltage level is set with a selector on the rear panel of the PC3. Unless you are sure it needs to be changed, you shouldn’t adjust this.
When you’ve connected the cable at the PC3 end (as you face the back of the PC3, the power connection is at the right), plug it into a grounded outlet. If your power source does not have the standard three‐hole outlet, you should take the time to install a proper grounding system. This will reduce the risk of a shock.
Connecting Audio Cables
Analog
After you’ve turned down the level on your sound system, connect the PC3’s analog audio outputs to your sound system using a pair of stereo or mono audio cables. Mono cables will always work, but if you’re going into balanced inputs, use stereo cables for a better signal‐to‐
noise ratio and a bit more volume. The PC3’s analog outputs are balanced, and generate a “hotter” signal than some previous Kurzweil instruments.
You’ll find four 1/4‐inch balanced audio output jacks on the rear panel. For now, connect one end of each audio cable to your mixing board or PA system inputs, and connect the other end to the jacks marked Main Left and Right on the rear panel of the PC3. If you have only one input available, use the PC3’s Main Left output to get the full signal in mono.
In Master mode you can set the Aux outputs to duplicate the Main Outs – useful for monitoring and other operations. They are always in stereo, as is the headphone out.
2-2
Startup
Startup—the Details
Digital
For digital audio output from the PC3, connect a 75‐Ohm coaxial cable from the PC3’s RCA Digital Out jack to the AES or S/PDIF input of the receiving device. You may need an RCA‐to‐
XLR adapter to connect with the receiving device. If the receiving device receives only optical signals, you’ll need a converter as well. The PC3’s Master Page (press the Master mode button) lets you select a range of useful sample rates for the digital output.
The RCA jack labeled ʺSync Inʺ allows you to synchronize the PC3ʹs S/PDIF Digital Audio output sample rate to an external S/PDIF source. Although no audio signal is received by the ʺSync Inʺ jack, its clock is received and may be used to set the output sample rate. For details, see the Master Mode OUTPUT page parameter Digital Output (Dig. Out) on page 11‐9. NOTE: Sync In is NOT a ʺWord Clockʺ input. Only a valid S/PDIF signal is recognized.
Connecting MIDI
The simplest MIDI configuration uses a single 5‐pin MIDI cable: either from the MIDI Out port of your PC3 to the MIDI In port of another instrument, or from the MIDI Out port of another MIDI controller to the MIDI In port of the PC3. There are all sorts of possible configurations, including additional synths, personal computers, MIDI effects processors, and MIDI patch bays. Depending on your system, you may want to use the PC3’s MIDI Thru port to pass MIDI information from a MIDI controller to the PC3 and on to the next device in your system. You can also connect MIDI devices to the PC3’s MIDI Out port, which can send channelized MIDI information from the keyboard or through the PC3 from your MIDI controller. The MIDI Thru port can be configured to serve as an additional MIDI Out by sliding the nearby switch to the Out position.
You can also use the PC3’s USB port to send and receive MIDI. By default the PC3 will show up as a USB MIDI device. If you choose USB Temporary Drive from Storage mode, the PC3 will temporarily (while on that Storage mode page) become a “virtual storage device” and USB MIDI will be disabled. Different host programs on your computer may indicate various errors as the USB MIDI device is no longer present. Leaving Storage mode will restore USB MIDI functionality.
USB MIDI and 5‐pin MIDI can be used at the same time; the MIDI signals will be combined into a single 16‐channel MIDI stream.
2-3
Startup
Startup—the Details
Pedals
Plug your switch or continuous pedals into the corresponding jacks on the PC3’s rear panel. We recommend using the Kurzweil pedals described on page 1‐5, but you can use almost any switch or continuous pedal, as long as it adheres to the following specifications (as most pedals do):
Switch pedals
Continuous pedals
1
/4‐inch tip‐sleeve plug
10‐kOhm linear‐taper potentiometer, 1/4‐inch tip‐ring‐sleeve plug with the wiper connected to the tip.
If you use a third‐party (non‐Kurzweil) switch pedal, make sure it’s connected before you turn on your PC3. This ensures that the pedal will work properly (it might function backward—off when it’s down and on when it’s up—if you turn on your PC3 before plugging in the pedal). Similarly, don’t press any of your switch pedals while powering up, because the PC3 verifies each pedal’s orientation during power up. If you’re pressing a pedal, you might cause it to work backward.
The pedals are independently programmable within each zone of every setup. Here are the default settings for the five pedals you can use with the PC3:
Switch Pedal 1
Switch Pedal 2
Switch Pedal 3
Continuous Control Pedal 1
Continuous Control Pedal 2
Controller 64 (Sustain)
Controller 66 (Sostenuto)
Controller 67 (Soft)
Controller 11 (Expression / Volume)
Controller 4 (Foot Pedal) produces a “wah” effect in many setups
Breath
The 3.5mm jack labeled Breath accepts a standard breath controller, which sends standard MIDI Breath (MIDI 2) messages. The PC3’s preset programs and setups don’t respond to breath, but if you have other instruments that do respond to Breath, you can control them from the PC3 via MIDI.
You can also program the PC3 so that the breath controller sends a different MIDI message. This would enable you to use a breath controller to affect the PC3, but then other instruments receiving MIDI from the PC3 would no longer respond to the PC3’s breath controller (unless you also programmed them to receive the same MIDI Controller that the PC3’s breath controller is sending).
2-4
Startup
Startup—the Details
Ribbon
Plug the optional Kurzweil Ribbon Controller into the modular Ribbon jack on the rear panel. The ribbon controller itself should rest on a flat surface; it fits nicely between the keys and the buttons and sliders on the front panel.
The ribbon is a continuous controller. You can program the ribbon controller to send MIDI Controller messages 1–127, as well as several specialized messages. It generates values of 0–127 for whatever MIDI Controllers you assign it to send. Just press it, and slide your finger along the ribbon to change the value of the message it’s sending.
You can configure the ribbon to have one control section that runs its entire length, or to have three sections of equal length. It sends its highest values when you press it at the end where the cable connects. When you configure it to have three sections, each section sends its highest values at the end closest to the cable.
Caution: The modular jack is designed for connection to the Kurzweil Ribbon Controller option only. Don’t plug any other modular plugs into the Ribbon jack.
Switching On the Power
The PC3’s power switch is on the rear panel, adjacent to the power cable connection.
When you power up, the display briefly shows some startup information. The Program mode display then appears. It looks like the diagram below, though your PC3 may be different from the example.
The first time you power up (or after a reset), your instrument will be set to operate on MIDI Channel 1 (as shown at the far right of the top line above).
Set the volume at a comfortable level. You’ll get the best signal‐to‐noise ratio if you keep the PC3 at full volume, and adjust the level from your mixing board. You may also want to adjust the display contrast and brightness. There are two small knobs on the rear panel of the PC3 for this purpose.
2-5
Startup
Startup—the Details
xD Cards
You can use xD memory cards for backing up, archiving, sharing your work, and updating your software. The PC3 is compatible with xD cards type S (up to 512MB) or type M+ (up to 1 GB) formatted FAT16. (The PC3 does NOT support type M or type H xD cards.) The xD card slot is on the back panel of the PC3, but it is easily accessible from the front of the instrument. The gold contacts on the card must be facing up when you insert it; the PC3 can’t read a card when it is inserted upside down.
Caution: Do not remove an xD card while the blue Storage Unit Busy LED (above the alpha wheel) is lit. Removing a card while this blue LED is lit can cause data corruption.
USB Port
Next to the card slot on the back panel of the PC3 is a USB port. The USB port works for MIDI (transmit and receive) or to connect your PC3 to a computer for file transfer. By default, the USB port is set to MIDI mode. You cannot, however, use a USB flash (or thumb) drive with the PC3’s USB port.
We recommend that you use the USB cable provided with your PC3 and do not use extension USB cables. The PC3’s Type B USB port is only intended for connection to a USB Type A port.
In USB Storage mode, a ʺKurzweilPC3ʺ virtual drive will appear on your computer desktop. One important thing to know here is that this is a virtual drive. You can save to this drive from the PC3, but you must immediately transfer that file to your desktop (or other folder). You must copy data from the PC3 virtual drive to your computer’s drive or else the data will be lost.
When you leave Storage Mode, there will be a prompt telling you that the PC3 is turning back into a USB MIDI device ‐ which you have to acknowledge. If you haven’t copied the file(s) to your desktop (or other place on the computer) it won’t be on the virtual disk when you leave storage mode. Depending on your computer’s operating system, you may sometimes see a scary device removal warning on your desktop (for example, when the PC3 leaves the Boot Loader). You may disregard such a message without worries of damage to your PC3 or computer.
Setting the Clock
The first time you start up your PC3 is probably a good time to set the instrument’s clock to your current local time. Do this from the Master mode CLOCK page.The clock will time‐stamp your files that have been stored to xD cards or via USB.
2-6
Startup
PC3 Programs
PC3 Programs
The PC3 powers up in Program mode, where you can select and play programs (called patches, presets, or voices on other instruments). Programs are preset sounds composed of up to 32 layers of samples or waveforms. If you’ve left Program mode, just press the Program mode button or Exit button to return.
Selecting Programs
When you are in Program mode, there are three basic ways to select a PC3 program:
•
Press one of the Bank buttons (above the sliders on the left side of the front panel) to select a bank, then press a Category button and a Program button. The Category and Program buttons are on the front panel, between the screen and the alpha wheel. Note: The instrument names above the Category buttons are relevant for Banks 1 and 2 (Base 1 and Base 2). For all other Banks, the Category buttons select a group of 8 programs to be selected by the Program buttons, but the group of programs may not match the instrument name of the selected Category button. (See Program and Category Buttons on page 3‐4 for more details.)
•
Type the program’s ID (number) on the alphanumeric buttonpad, then press Enter. If you make a mistake, press Clear, then start over.
•
Scroll through the program list using the Alpha Wheel, the Plus or Minus buttons under the Alpha Wheel, or the cursor buttons (the arrow buttons to the right of the display).
The PC3 has various settings for responding to MIDI Program Change commands from external sources. These are explained in Chapter 10. You can change programs by sending Program Change commands from an external MIDI controller.
Easy Audition
Any time you want to hear what a program sounds like, highlight the program’s name (while in Program mode) then press the Play/Pause button to play a brief sample. The Demo Button parameter on the Master Mode MAIN page must be on for Easy Audition to work; the parameter is on by default. Master mode is described in Chapter 11.
Program Mode Display
Take a minute to familiarize yourself with the Program mode display. It gives you some helpful basic information, like the MIDI transposition, what MIDI channel you’re on, and which program is currently selected.
Info Box
There’s a box at the left side of the display. The info box, as it’s called, displays information about the current program (there’s also an info box for Setup mode).
2-7
Startup
PC3 Programs
Soft buttons
On most PC3 screens, the bottom line of the display identifies the function of each of the buttons beneath the display. We call these buttons soft buttons, because they do different things depending on what’s currently showing in the display.
In Program and Quick Access modes, you can change octaves with the Octav‐ and Octav+ buttons under the display. The Info soft button shows you relevant details about the current item. The Xpose‐/Xpose+ buttons are a shortcut for quick transposition in semitone (half step) increments. You can use them to transpose the entire PC3 as much as three octaves up or down. The top line of the display shows the current amount of transposition (Xpose). Press both Xpose buttons simultaneously to return transposition to zero.
The Panic button (or a double press of Cancel and Enter at the bottom of the alphanumeric keypad) sends an All Notes Off message and an All Controllers Off message—both to the PC3 and over all 16 MIDI channels. You won’t need it often, but it’s nice to have. VAST Programs
A “normal” VAST program is what most of the factory programs are. The info box contains details about the different layers in each program, usually indicating the keymap used in each layer. The line under the keymap name indicates the layer’s keyboard range. In this case, only the first two displayed layers extend across the entire keyboard (A 0 to C 8). The × symbol to the right of each layer shows that the keymap is a stereo keymap.
KB3 Programs
KB3 (organ) programs differ from VAST programs in that they don’t have layers. Instead they rely on oscillators that mimic the tone wheels used in many popular organs. Consequently, the info box shows only the waveform used in the program. Because of their architecture, KB3 programs require different processing within the PC3. KB3 programs play only on a single channel at a time (VAST programs will work fine on that channel, too).
The quickest way to get to the KB3 programs is by pressing the KB3 button that’s above the sliders.
When you’re ready to start doing your own programming, check out Chapter 6.
2-8
Startup
Setups
Setups
Setups are preset combinations of programs. Setups can have up to 16 zones, each of which can be assigned to any range of the keyboard (overlapping or split). Each zone can have its own program, MIDI channel, and MIDI control assignments, as well as riff and arpeggiator settings.
Press the Setup mode button to the left of the display. Its LED will light, telling you that you’re in Setup mode. Notice that the Setup mode display is similar to the Program mode display. If the setup has four or fewer zones, the box at the left shows you the programs assigned to each of the setup’s four zones, and which MIDI channel is used for each program. If the setup is composed of more than four zones, then the box displays the first four zones; at the top of the box will be text showing the total number of zones. See page 7‐1 for a more detailed description.
Many setups include arpeggiation and note‐triggered songs to create some pretty amazing grooves that you can use as is, or as templates for your own material. As you play with these setups, experiment with the sliders and other controllers for a wide range of effects. Some of these grooves keep playing after you’ve released the keys that got them going. When you want to stop them, select another setup, or press the Setup mode button (or Stop for riffs).
Quick Access
A really convenient way to select programs and setups is to use Quick Access mode, where you select a Quick Access bank from a list of factory preset or user‐programmed banks. Each bank contains ten memory slots, or entries, where you can store any combination of programs or setups. While you’re in Quick Access mode, you can select any program or setup in the bank with buttons 0 through 9 or the cursor keys.
The PC3 comes with a few Quick Access banks already programmed so you can get an idea of how they work. You’ll probably create your own Quick Access banks to help you select programs and setups with a minimum of searching. Press the Quick Access mode button to the left of the display. Its LED lights, to tell you you’re in Quick Access mode.
The top line of the display tells you which Quick Access bank is selected. Use the Chan/Layer buttons (to the left of the display) to scroll through the banks. The names of each of the ten entries in the bank are listed in the center of the display. Many of their names will be abbreviated. The currently selected entry’s full name is shown near the bottom of the display. The amount of transposition is displayed to the left of the entry name. If the current entry is a program, you’ll see the current keyboard (MIDI) channel displayed to the right of the entry’s name. If it’s a setup, you’ll see the word Setup.
The entries on the Quick Access page are arranged to correspond to the layout of the numeric buttons on the alphanumeric pad.
When you’re ready to create your own Quick Access banks, turn to Chapter 8 to learn about the Quick Access Editor.
2-9
Startup
The Other Modes
The Other Modes
There are five other mode buttons on the front panel. See Chapters 3 and 4 for more detailed descriptions of the modes.
Effects mode
Enable/disable effects presets, and set Aux overrides.
MIDI mode
Configure the PC3 for sending and receiving MIDI information.
Master mode
Define performance and control settings.
Song mode
Record and edit sequences (songs); play Type 0 and Type 1 MIDI sequences.
Storage mode
Load and save programs, setups, sequences, and other objects via USB or xD card.
Software Upgrades
Part of the beauty of the PC3 is the ease with which you can upgrade its operating system and objects (programs, setup, etc.) using the boot loader to install upgrades into flash ROM. You can perform the upgrade through USB or by transferring from an xD card.
At Kurzweil we have a long history of support for our instruments; the K250, K1000, K2000, K2500, and K2600 have been repeatedly enhanced, and these improvements have always been made available to instrument owners in the form of software upgrades.
Upgrading your PC3’s software is simple, painless, and—generally—free! As upgraded software becomes available you can download the new files from our web site:
www.kurzweil.com
When you’ve downloaded an upgrade, you can install it yourself in a matter of minutes. Follow the instructions included with the upgrade files. 2-10
User Interface Basics
Mode Selection
Chapter 3
User Interface Basics
This chapter will show you how to get around the front panel of your PC3. Your interactions can be divided into three primary operations: mode selection, navigation, and data entry. There is also an assignable control section.
Arp
SW
Mode Selection
The PC3 is always in one of eight primary operating modes. Select a mode by pressing one of the mode buttons — they’re to the left of the display. Each mode button has an LED that lights to indicate the current mode. Only one mode can be selected at a time.
Program mode
Select and play programs, and modify them with the Program Editor. Setup mode
Select and play setups (16 keyboard zones with independent MIDI channel, program and control assignments), and modify them with the Setup Editor.
Quick Access mode Select from a list of preset banks, each containing a list of ten programs and/or setups that can be viewed in the display for easy selection. Modify the preset banks and create your own with the Quick Access Editor.
Effect mode
Enable/disable effects or set Aux overridesfor Program Mode (or a program selected from Quick Access mode.)
MIDI mode
Define how your PC3 sends and receives MIDI information, and configure each channel to receive independent program, volume, and pan messages that override the normal Program mode settings.
Master mode
Define performance and control characteristics for the entire PC3.
3-1
User Interface Basics
Mode Buttons
Song mode
Use the PC3’s sequencer to record and play back your keyboard performance, play Type 0 and Type 1 MIDI sequences, and record multi‐
timbral sequences received via MIDI.
Storage mode
Interface with the PC3’s xD card reader or USB port to load and save programs, setups, samples, and more.
The PC3’s tone wheel organ emulation is called KB3 mode. You automatically enter this mode when you select a KB3 program. The KB3 Bank button takes you there directly. Mode Buttons
When you press a mode button, its LED lights up to indicate that the mode has been selected. If pressing a mode button does not light its LED, press the Exit button one or more times, then try again.
Additional labeling for each mode button indicates special functions that relate to some of the PC3’s editors.
Bank Buttons
The Bank buttons, situated in the top left corner of the PC3’s front panel, let you choose different banks of programs (e.g., KB3 programs or Classic Keys programs). Within each bank, you can use the Program and Category buttons (to the right of the display) to select individual programs. The Bank buttons have special functions in KB3 mode, indicated by labels beneath each button.
3-2
User Interface Basics
Sliders
Sliders
In KB3 mode, the PC3’s nine sliders emulate an organ’s drawbars. For example, slider A emulates an organ’s 16’ drawbar. In other modes, the sliders can be used to send values for different MIDI controllers. In either case, you may have to move the slider past the current value for its selected function before slider movement will have any effect. Press the Info soft button on the Program mode or Setup mode main page to see the slider assignments of the current program or setup.
Most VAST programs use the sliders for these functions:
A
Data
Filter frequency, Brightness
B
MIDI 13
Filter resonance, Tremolo rate control
C
MIDI 22
Layer volume, Envelope control, Lo EQ
D
MIDI 23
Layer volume, Envelope control, Hi EQ
E
MIDI 24
Layer volume for thumps and release
F
MIDI 25
FX control 1
G
MIDI 26
FX distortion drive
H
MIDI 27
FX distortion warmth
I
MIDI 28
Reverb / delay control
3-3
User Interface Basics
Program and Category Buttons
Program and Category Buttons
Use the Program and Category buttons, in conjunction with the Bank buttons, to select PC3 programs by Bank type and instrument category. Each Bank contains 128 programs divided into 16 categories. Each of the 16 categories contains 8 programs.
To select a program, first press one of the Bank buttons (above the sliders on the left side of the front panel) to select a bank, then press a Category button and a Program button. The Category and Program buttons are on the front panel, between the screen and the alpha wheel. Note: The instrument names above the Category buttons are relevant for Banks 1 and 2 (Base 1 and Base 2). For all other Banks, the Category buttons select a group of 8 programs to be selected by the Program buttons, but the group of programs may not match the instrument name of the selected Category button.
Picking favorites
When you select a program within a category, your selection will be remembered. For example, choose program 3 in the Organ category (press Category: Organ, then Program: 3). Now move to the strings by pressing the Category: Strings button. If you press the Category: Organ button again, you will be returned to program 3 in the Organ category. In this way, each category can have a “favorite” program.
You can make program selections within each category ahead of time. This way, you’ll be able to access the program you want in any category simply by pressing appropriate category button.
Important things to remember about your “favorites”:
3-4
•
You must save your PC3’s Master Table to remember your selections across power cycles. See Chapter 11 for information about the Master Table.
•
Your selections are bank‐dependent. In other words, you can save 16 in the Base 1 bank, 16 in the Exp 1 bank, etc.
User Interface Basics
Pitch Wheel and Mod Wheel
Pitch Wheel and Mod Wheel
Arp
Pitch
SW
Mod
To the left of the PC3’s keyboard are the Pitch Wheel and the Mod Wheel, as well as the SW and Arp buttons.
Push the Pitch Wheel away from you to raise the pitch of the note(s) you are playing. Pull it towards you to lower the pitch. Most programs are set so that the pitch wheel will raise and lower pitch by a whole step, although some programs use the pitch wheel to lower pitch by as much as an octave. The Pitch Wheel has a spring so that it will snap back to place (i.e., back to the original pitch) when you release it.
The Mod Wheel performs a variety of functions. Different programs may use it for filter sweeps, tremolo/vibrato, wah, or layer volume.
The Arp button turns on and off the PC3’s Arpeggiator.
The SW button (MIDI 29) can be programmed to do a variety of things. Often it is used for layer enable or effect enable.
3-5
User Interface Basics
Navigation
Navigation
The navigation section of the front panel consists of the display and the buttons surrounding it. These navigation buttons will take you to every one of the PC3’s programming parameters.
The Display
Your primary interface with the PC3 is its backlit graphic display. As you press various buttons, this fluorescent display reflects the commands you enter and the editing changes you make. The ample size of the display (240‐by‐64 pixels) enables you to view lots of information at one time.
Pages
Within each mode, the functions and parameters are organized into smaller, related groups that appear together in the display. Each one of these groups of parameters is called a page. Each mode has what we call an entry‐level page; it’s the page that appears when you select that mode with one of the mode buttons. Within each mode and its editor(s), the various pages are selected with the navigation buttons. There are many pages, but there are a few features common to each page. The illustration below shows the entry‐level page for Program mode.
The Top Line
On the top line of most pages, there’s a reminder of which mode you’re in and which page you’re on. Many pages display additional information in the top line, as well. The Program‐mode page above, for example, shows you the current amount of MIDI transposition and the currently selected MIDI channel. The top line is almost always “reversed”—that is, it has a white background with blue characters.
The Bottom Line
The bottom line is divided into six (sometimes fewer) sets of reversed characters that serve as labels for the six buttons directly beneath the display. These labels—and the functions of the buttons—change depending on the currently selected page. Consequently the buttons that select these functions are called “soft” buttons.
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User Interface Basics
Navigation
The Soft Buttons
The soft buttons are called “soft” because their functions change depending on the currently selected mode and page. Sometimes they perform specific functions, like changing MIDI channels in Program mode. In the Program Editor and other editors, they’re also used to move to different pages of programming parameters. If a soft button’s label is in all capital letters (KEYMAP, for example), pressing the corresponding soft button takes you to a page of parameters. If the soft button is labeled in lower‐case or mixed‐case letters (Save, for example), the soft button performs some kind of function.
The Cursor Buttons
To the right of the display are four buttons arranged in a diamond fashion. These are called the cursor buttons. They move the cursor around the currently selected page, in the direction indicated by their labels. The cursor is a highlighted (reversed) rectangle (sometimes it’s an underscore). It marks the value of the currently selected parameter.
Programming the PC3 involves selecting various parameters and changing their values. Select parameters by highlighting their values with the cursor. You can change the highlighted value with any of the data entry methods described in the data entry section below.
The Chan/Layer Buttons
To the left of the display are two buttons labeled Chan/Layer. Their function depends on the current mode. In Program mode, for example, they shift through the MIDI channels, showing the program assigned to each channel. This changes the MIDI channel the PC3 uses internally, as well as the channel you’re using to send information to other synths connected to the PC3’s MIDI Out port (MIDI slaves). Changing the current MIDI channel also changes the corresponding setting on the MIDI mode TRANSMIT page. When you press both Chan/Layer buttons at the same time you will be returned to Channel 1, Check out the chart on page 3‐10 for more shortcuts you can make with double button presses.
When you’re in the Program Editor, the Chan/Layer buttons let you view each layer in the program. You can see the corresponding parameters in each layer by scrolling through the layers with these buttons. In the Setup Editor, the Chan/Layer buttons scroll through the zones in the current setup. In Quick Access mode, they scroll through the Quick Access banks, and in Song mode they scroll through recording tracks.
We’ll let you know, when applicable, what the Chan/Layer buttons do.
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User Interface Basics
Navigation
The Edit Button
The Edit button activates each of the PC3’s editors, and acts as a shortcut to many pages within the Program Editor. Pressing the Edit button tells the PC3 that you want to change some aspect of the object marked by the cursor. For example, when a program is selected and you press Edit, you enter the Program Editor. If a setup is selected, you enter the Setup Editor.
There are editors accessible from just about every operating mode. To enter an editor, choose one of the modes (mode selection), and press Edit. An editing page for that mode will appear. You can then select parameters (navigation) and change their values (data entry). If the value of the selected parameter has its own editing page, pressing the Edit button will take you to that page. For example, in the Program Editor, on the PITCH page, you might see LFO1 assigned as the value for Pitch Control Source 1. If you select this parameter (the cursor will highlight its value—LFO1 in this case), then press the Edit button, you’ll jump to the page where you can edit the parameters of LFO1. Naturally, you can find every page in the current editor by using the soft buttons, but often it’s easier to use the Edit button shortcut.
The Exit Button
Press Exit to leave the current editor. If you’ve changed the value of any parameter while in that editor, the PC3 will ask you whether you want to save your changes before you can leave the editor. See Chapter 5 for information on saving and naming. The Exit button also takes you to Program mode if you’re on the entry level page of one of the other modes. If at some point you can’t seem to get where you want to go, press Exit one or more times to return to Program mode, then try again.
3-8
User Interface Basics
Data Entry
Data Entry
The data entry section of the front panel includes the Alpha wheel, the Plus/Minus buttons, and the 14‐button alphanumeric pad.
The Alpha Wheel
The Alpha Wheel is especially useful because it can quickly enter large or small changes in value. If you turn the Alpha Wheel one click to the right, you’ll increase the value of the currently selected parameter by one increment. One click to the left decreases the value by one increment. If you turn it rapidly, you’ll jump by several increments. You can also use the Alpha Wheel to enter names when you’re saving objects.
The Plus/Minus Buttons
These buttons are located just under the Alpha Wheel. The Plus button increases the value of the currently selected parameter by one, and the Minus button decreases it by one. These buttons are most useful when you’re scrolling through a short list of values, or when you want to be sure you’re changing the value by one increment at a time. One press of the Plus or Minus button corresponds to one click to the right or left with the Alpha Wheel. These buttons will repeat if pressed and held.
Pressing the Plus and Minus buttons simultaneously will move you through the current list of values in large chunks instead of one by one. Don’t confuse these buttons with the +/‐ button on the alphanumeric pad. This button is used primarily for entering negative numeric values and switching from uppercase to lowercase letters (and vice versa).
The Alphanumeric Pad
As its name implies, this set of 14 buttons lets you enter numeric values, and to enter names one character at a time. Depending on where you are, the PC3 automatically enters letters or numerals as appropriate (you don’t have to select between alphabetic or numeric entry).
When you’re entering numeric values, press the corresponding numeric buttons, ignoring decimal places if any (to enter 1.16, for example, press 1, 1, 6, Enter). The display will reflect your entries, but the value won’t actually change until you press Enter. Before pressing Enter, you can return to the original value by pressing Cancel. Pressing Clear is the same as pressing 0 without pressing Enter.
When entering names, you can use the Left/Right cursor buttons or the <<< / >>> soft buttons to move the cursor to the character you want to change. Use the labels under the alphanumeric buttons as a guide to character entry. Press the corresponding button one or more times to insert the desired character above the cursor. The Cancel button is equivalent to the >>> soft button, and Enter is the same as OK. The Clear button replaces the currently selected character with a space. The +/‐ button toggles between uppercase and lowercase letters.
There’s also a convenient feature called keyboard naming, which lets you use the keyboard to enter characters in names. See page 5‐5.
3-9
User Interface Basics
Data Entry
Double Button Presses
Pressing two or more related buttons simultaneously executes a number of special functions depending on the currently selected mode. Make sure to press them at exactly the same time.
In this mode
or editor…
Program mode
Setup mode
Song mode
Storage mode
Program Editor
Any Editor
Save Dialog
Rename Dialog
3-10
…pressing these
buttons
simultaneously…
…does this:
ARP, SW
Brings up quick arpeggiator configuration page.
Octav-, Octav+
Reset MIDI transposition to 0 semitones. Double-press again to go
to previous transposition.
Chan/Layer
Set current MIDI channel to 1. Sets layer 1 in Program editor.
Plus/Minus
Step to next Program bank (increments of 128).
Up/Down cursor buttons
Starts playback of demo song for current Program. Stop with Stop
transport button.
Left/Right cursor buttons
Brings up the TEMPO page.
Plus/Minus
Moves through list of Setups in increments of 128.
Chan/Layer
Set zone 1.
Left/Right cursor buttons
Brings up the TEMPO page.
Up/Down cursor buttons
Toggle between Play and Stop.
Chan/Layer
Select all tracks on any TRACK page in Song Editor.
Left/Right cursor buttons
Brings up the TEMPO page.
Left/Right cursor buttons
Select all items in a list. Move cursor to end of name in naming
dialog.
up/down cursor buttons
Clear all selections in a list. Move cursor to beginning of name in
naming dialog.
Chan/Layer
Select Layer 1.
Plus/Minus
Scroll through the currently selected parameter’s list of values in
regular or logical increments (varies with each parameter).
2 leftmost soft buttons
Reset MIDI transposition to 0 semitones. Double-press again to go
to previous transposition.
Center soft buttons
Select Utilities menu.
2 rightmost soft buttons
Reset MIDI transposition to 0 semitones. Double-press again to go
to previous transposition.
Left/Right cursor buttons
Display the TEMPO page.
Up/Down cursor buttons
Toggle between Play and Stop of current song.
Cancel/Enter
Panic (sends all notes/controllers off message on all 16 channels).
Plus/Minus buttons
Toggle between next free ID and original ID.
Plus/Minus buttons
Moves cursor to the end of the name.
Left/Right cursor buttons
Moves cursor to the end of the name.
User Interface Basics
Intuitive Data Entry
Intuitive Data Entry
Many parameters have values that correspond to standard physical controllers. In many cases, you can select these values “intuitively,” rather than having to scroll through the Control Source list. Do this by selecting the desired parameter, then holding the ENTER button while moving the desired physical control.
For example, on the LAYER page in the Program Editor, you can set the range of the currently selected layer as follows: use the cursor buttons to move the cursor to the value for the LoKey parameter, press (and hold) the Enter button, then press the note you wish to be the lowest note for the currently displayed layer. The note you triggered will appear as the value for the LoKey parameter. Repeat the process for the HiKey parameter.
Another example: select Program 199 while in Program mode. Press Edit to enter the Program Editor. Press the PITCH soft button to select the PITCH page. Move the cursor to the Src1 parameter. Hold the Enter button, and move the Pitch Wheel. PWheel will be selected as the value for Src1.
You can also use the keyboard to choose control sources, since most key numbers correspond to a value on the control source list. If you have a certain control source that you use over and over (for example, LFO1), this can be the quickest way to enter its value. To do this: highlight a parameter which uses a value from the control source list, hold down Enter, then strike the key corresponding to the control source you want to choose. LFO1, for example, is assigned to B5.
Also, for almost every parameter, you can hold the Enter button and move the Data Slider (Slider A) to run through the range of values for the currently selected parameter. This is not as precise as the Alpha Wheel, but much faster.
Changing the Current Layer in Multi-Layer Programs
When editing a multi‐layer program, you can quickly switch between layers by holding the Enter button, then striking a key. The PC3 will change the current layer to that key’s layer. If the key is part of more than one layer, subsequent key strikes will cycle through each layer that has that key in its range.
Note: This method for changing the current layer in a multi‐layer program will NOT work if the currently highlighted parameter has a note number or control source for its value. In this case, the key you strike will function as described in Intuitive Data Entry, above.
3-11
User Interface Basics
Search
Search
There’s a convenient way to find any string of characters within the currently selected list, or range of values. Hold the Enter button and press any of the numeric buttons. A dialog appears.
Type in the string of characters you want to find. For example, if you’re looking at the program list and you want to find all programs containing the word “Horn,” you would type h‐o‐r‐n. This function is not case‐sensitive; it will find upper and lower case characters regardless of what you type.
When you’ve typed the string of characters you want to find, press Enter. The PC3 searches through the current list of objects or values, finds all items that match the string of characters you typed, and displays the first one it finds. Hold Enter and press one of the Plus/Minus buttons to search for the next higher‐ or lower‐numbered object that contains the string of characters.
The string you select remains in memory. You can store and select a string of characters with each of the numeric buttons. Hold Enter and press one of the numeric buttons at any time to select that string for a search. When the string appears, you can change it, or just press Enter to find that string.
Quick Song Recording and Playback
There are three buttons—labeled Record, Play/Pause, and Stop—below the mode selection buttons. They control the recording and playback of songs from any mode; you don’t have to be in Song mode to record or play back. However, you’ll need to make sure that the Demo Button parameter on Master Mode Page 2 is set to “Off.” Otherwise these buttons are used for Easy Audition (see page 2‐7). Master Mode is described in Chapter 11.
Using these buttons affects the current track of the current song—that is, the song and track that were selected the last time you were in Song mode. When you record, the recording track and recording mode are determined by the current settings in Song mode; likewise for the playback mode when you’re playing a song.
When the sequencer status is STOPPED (neither the Record‐button LED nor the Play/Pause‐
button LED is lit or flashing), press Record to put the sequencer in REC READY status. The Record‐button LED lights (red). Then press Play/Pause to start recording. The Play/Pause‐ button flashes (green) to indicate the tempo. Any countoff is determined by the current Song‐
mode setting for the CountOff parameter. Press Play/Pause or Stop to end recording and go to the Save dialog, where you can save the song, or discard it.
When the sequencer status is STOPPED, press Play/Pause to begin playing the current song. Press Play/Pause again to pause playback, and again to resume. Press Stop to end playback.
See Chapter 12 for more information on Song Mode.
3-12
The Operating Modes
What the Modes Are
Chapter 4
The Operating Modes
In this chapter we’ll discuss the theory behind the mode concept, and we’ll describe the basic operating features of each mode.
What the Modes Are
The modes exist to make the PC3 logical to work with. With as many performance and programming features as the PC3 has, it’s helpful to break them into groups. These groups are called modes. There are eight primary modes; they’re described briefly in the section called Using the Modes on page 4‐2, then the rest of the manual is dedicated to explaining each primary mode in turn.
Each mode is named for the kind of operations you perform while in that mode, and each mode’s editor (if any) contains all of the parameters related to editing the type of object found in that mode. In Setup mode, for example, you select setups (and only setups) for performance or editing. All of the setup‐editing parameters are grouped together on the Setup‐Editor page, which is accessible through Setup mode.
Selecting Modes
When the PC3 is on, it’s always operating in one of the eight primary modes represented by the LED‐highlighted buttons to the left of the display—or in one of the editors corresponding to the current operating mode. Pressing one of the mode buttons selects the corresponding mode. This is the mode’s entry level. At the entry level, the LED of the selected mode is lit. Only one mode can be selected at a time.
From any primary mode, you can get to any other primary mode simply by pressing one of the mode buttons. If you’re in an editor, however, you must press Exit to return to the mode’s entry level before selecting another mode.
All of the modes except Storage mode give you access to one or more editors for changing the values of the parameters within that mode. Press the Edit button to enter the editor of the currently selected mode. When you do this, the mode LED goes out.
It’s possible to enter another mode’s editor without leaving the currently selected mode. For example, if you press Edit while in Setup mode, you’ll enter the Setup Editor. The Setup‐Editor page will appear, and the Program parameter will be highlighted by the cursor. If you press Edit again, you’ll enter the Program Editor, where you can edit the currently selected program. While you can edit and save programs as you normally would, you’re still in Setup mode, and you can’t select another mode at this point. When you exit the Program Editor, you’ll return to the Setup‐Editor page. Press Exit again, and you’ll leave the Setup Editor, returning to the Setup‐mode page.
4-1
The Operating Modes
Using the Modes
The following table lists the procedures for moving between modes and editors. Note that the Exit button won’t always take you where the table says it will; it often depends on how you got where you are. The table assumes that you’ve entered a given editor via its corresponding mode. You’ll always return to Program mode eventually if you press Exit repeatedly.
Current Mode/
Editor Status
Available Modes/
Editors
How to Get There
Any mode
All other modes
Press corresponding mode button
Program mode
Program Editor
Press Edit
Program mode
Press Exit
Effects Editor
On PROGFX page, select Insert, then press Edit
Program Editor
Setup mode
Setup Editor
Setup Editor
Press Edit
Setup mode
Press Exit
Program Editor
On CH/PRG page: select LocalPrg parameter; press Edit
Quick Access mode
Quick Access Editor
Press Edit
Quick Access Editor
Quick Access mode
Press Exit
Song Editor
Select CurSong parameter; press Edit
Song mode
Most editors
Program Editor
Select Program parameter; press Edit
Previous mode or editor
Press Exit
Finding Square One
If, at any time, you don’t know where you are, and the mode LEDs are all unlit, press Exit one or more times. This will return you to the entry level of whatever mode you were in, and if you press Exit enough times, you will always return to Program mode, the startup mode. If you’ve made any changes, you’ll be asked whether you want to save before leaving any editor. Press the No soft button or the Exit button if you don’t want to save. If you want to save, press the Rename or Yes soft button, and you’ll see the Save dialog, which is described in Saving and Naming on page 5‐3.
Using the Modes
You can play your PC3 regardless of the mode you’re in. The PC3’s MIDI response is almost always active. Even so there are three modes that are more performance‐oriented than the others. These are Program, Setup, and Quick Access modes. We’ll describe each of the eight modes briefly in this section.
Program Mode
The PC3 starts up in Program mode, where you can select, play, and edit programs. The Program mode entry‐level page shows the currently selected program, as well as a small segment of the program list.
The Program Editor takes you to the core of the PC3’s sound editing parameters.
Setup Mode
Setup mode lets you select, play, and edit setups. Setups consist of up to 16 separate zones, split or overlapping, each having its own program, MIDI channel, and control parameters. Setups are great for performance situations, whether you’re playing multiple PC3 programs or controlling additional synths connected to the PC3’s MIDI Out port. Chapter 7 describes Setup mode.
4-2
The Operating Modes
Using the Modes
If you’re using a different MIDI controller, you can make use of Setup mode even if your MIDI controller can transmit on only one MIDI channel at a time. To do this, go to the RECEIVE page in MIDI mode (by pressing the RECV soft button while in MIDI mode), and set the Local Keyboard Channel parameter to a value that matches the transmit channel of your MIDI controller. When you select Setup mode, the PC3 will interpret incoming MIDI information according to the settings for the currently selected setup. See the discussion of the Local Keyboard Channel parameter in Chapter 10 for details.
Quick Access Mode
Another feature for live performance, Quick Access mode enables you to combine programs and setups into banks of ten entries. Each of these programs or setups can be selected with a single alphanumeric button. Different banks are selected with the Chan/Layer buttons. There’s a selection of factory preset banks, and you can use the Quick Access Editor to create your own banks and store them in the PC3’s memory. There’s a full description in Chapter 8.
You can also use Quick Access banks as a way to remap incoming or outgoing Program Change commands. Effects Mode
Effects mode sets the behavior of the PC3’s effects processor. The Effects mode page lets you tell the PC3 how to select effects configurations called chains. Chapters 9 shows you how. MIDI Mode
You’ll use MIDI mode to configure the PC3’s interaction with other MIDI instruments, by setting parameters for transmitting and receiving MIDI. You’ll also use it to configure your PC3 for multi‐timbral sequencing. On the CHANNELS page, you can assign a program to each channel, and enable or disable each channel’s response to three types of MIDI control messages: Program Change, volume and pan. See Chapter 10.
Master Mode
Master mode, described in Chapter 11, contains the parameters that control the entire PC3. Global settings for tuning, transposition, velocity and aftertouch sensitivity, and other preferences are adjusted here. You can also get to GM Mode from here and set the sample rate for the PC3’s digital output.
Song Mode
Song mode enables you to play sequences (songs) stored in the PC3’s memory, and provides a fully featured sequencer that you can use to record songs. You can also record multi‐timbrally via MIDI, or load standard MIDI files (Type 0 or 1). The Song Editor also enables you to modify existing sequences stored in memory. See Chapter 12.
Storage Mode
Storage mode lets you load and save programs and other objects using an xD card. See Chapter 13.
4-3
The Operating Modes
Using the Modes
4-4
Editing Conventions
Introduction to Editing
Chapter 5
Editing Conventions
Introduction to Editing
Programming (editing) the PC3 always involves three basic operations: mode selection, navigation, and data entry.
First, select the mode that relates to the object you want to edit—a program, a setup, etc. Then select the object you want to edit, and press the Edit button to enter the editor within that mode. An editor contains all the parameters that define the object you’re programming.
Next, you navigate around the editor’s page(s) with the soft buttons, and select parameters with the cursor (arrow) buttons. When you’ve selected a parameter (its value is highlighted by the cursor), you can change its value with one of the data entry methods. When you change a value, you’ll normally hear its effect on the object you’re editing. The PC3 doesn’t actually write your editing changes to memory until you save the object you’re working on. It then allows you to choose between writing over the original object, or storing the newly edited version in a new memory location.
What’s an Object?
If you’ve been wondering what we mean by the term “object,” it’s an expression we use for anything that can be named, saved, deleted, or edited. Here’s a list of all the types of objects:
Programs
Factory‐preset or user‐programmed sounds stored in ROM or flash memory. A program is one or more layers of sound, with programmable DSP functions applied to the keymaps within each layer.
Algorithms
Factory‐preset or user‐programmed routing (virtual wiring) for V.A.S.T. DSP Functions.
Setups
Factory‐preset or user‐programmed MIDI performance presets consisting of up to 16 zones, each with its own program, MIDI channel, and controller assignments, and (optionally) arpeggiation specifications.
Songs
Sequence files loaded into memory, or MIDI data recorded in Song mode.
Chains
Factory‐preset or user‐programmed configurations of the PC3’s onboard digital audio effects processor.
Quick Access banks Factory‐preset or user‐programmed banks of ten entries each, that store programs and setups for single‐button access in Quick Access mode.
Intonation maps
Factory‐preset or user‐programmed pitch offsets for each note in all octaves. Set from master mode, intonation maps are used to change the PC3’s intonation in all modes.
Shift patterns
Factory‐preset or user‐programmed sequences of note shift information, used by the arpeggiator for detailed arpeggiations, or by the Shift Key Number controller destination.
5-1
Editing Conventions
Object Type and ID
Velocity patterns
Factory‐preset or user‐programmed sequences of note velocity shift information, used by the arpeggiator for detailed velocity triggering in arpeggiation.
Master tables
The values that are set for the parameters in Master mode, as well as the settings for the parameters on the Transmit, Receive, and Channels pages in MIDI mode, and the programs currently assigned to each MIDI channel.
Object Type and ID
The PC3 stores its objects in memory using a system of ID numbers that are generally organized into banks. Each object is identified by its object type and object ID; these make it unique. An object’s type is simply the kind of object it is, whether it’s a program, setup, song, or whatever. The object ID is a number from 1 to the maximum that distinguishes each object from other objects of the same type. For example, within a bank you can have a setup, a program, and an effect, all with ID 201; their object types distinguish them. You can’t, however, have two programs with ID 201.
Object Type
Object ID
Object Name
Program
201
Hot Keys
Setup
404
Silicon Bebop
Velocity Map
1
Linear
ROM (factory preset) objects have ID numbers in a number of banks. When you save objects that you’ve edited, the PC3 will ask you to assign an ID. If the original object was a ROM object, the PC3 will suggest the first available ID in the User Bank (starting at 1025). If the original object was a memory object, you’ll have the option of saving to an unused ID, or replacing the original object. Double press the ‐ and + buttons (beneath the alpha wheel) to select the next available user location.
Objects of different types can have the same ID, but objects of the same type must have different IDs to be kept separate. When you’re saving an object that you’ve edited, you can assign the same ID to an existing object of the same type, but if you do, the new one will be written over the old one. For example, if you assign an ID of 1 to a program you’ve edited, the PC3 will ask you if you want to “replace” the ROM program currently stored with that ID.
Many parameters have objects as their values—for example, the Intonation parameter in Master mode. In this case, the object’s ID appears in the value field along with the object’s name. You can enter objects as values by entering their IDs with the alphanumeric pad. This is especially convenient for programs, since their ID numbers are usually the same as their MIDI program change numbers.
The object type and ID enable you to store hundreds of objects without losing track of them, and also to load files from storage without having to replace files you’ve already loaded.
5-2
Editing Conventions
Saving and Naming
Saving and Naming
When you’ve edited an object to your satisfaction, you’ll want to store it in memory. There’s a standard procedure for saving and naming, which applies to all objects. You can press the Save soft button, of course, but it’s easier to press the Exit button, which means “I want to leave the current editor.” If you haven’t actually changed anything while in the editor, you’ll simply exit to the mode you started from. If you have made changes, however, the PC3 will ask you if you want to save those changes. This is the first Save dialog, the Exit page. Press Cancel to resume editing, No to exit the editor, or Yes to save your edits and move to the Save page.
The Rename soft button on the Save page takes you immediately to the naming dialog, where you assign a name to the object you’re saving. You haven’t saved yet, but you’ll be able to after you’ve named the program.
The cursor underlines the currently selected character. Press the <<< or >>> soft buttons to move the cursor without changing characters. Press an alphanumeric button one or more times to enter a character above the cursor. The characters that correspond to the alphanumeric buttons are labeled under each button. If the character that appears is not the one you want, press the button again. Press the +/‐ button on the alphanumeric pad to switch between upper and lower case characters.
Press 0 one or more times to enter the numerals 0 through 9. Press Clear (on the alphanumeric pad) to erase the selected character without moving any other characters. Press the Delete soft button to erase the selected character. All characters to the right of the cursor will move one space left. Press the Insert soft button to insert a space above the cursor, moving all characters to the right of the cursor one space to the right.
Press the Cancel soft button if you decide not to name the object. Press OK when the name is set the way you want to save it.
In addition to the letters and numerals, there are three sets of punctuation characters. The easiest way to get to them is to press one of the alphanumeric buttons to select a character close to the one you want, then scroll to it with the Alpha Wheel. Here’s the whole list:
! “ # $ % & ’ ( ) * + , ‐ . / 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
: ; < = > ? @ A through Z
[ \ ] ^ _ ` a through z. (space).
Pressing the Plus/Minus buttons simultaneously is a short cut to the following characters:
0, A, a and (space).
If you’re wondering how we came up with this sequence of characters, it’s composed of ASCII characters 33 through 122.
When you press OK, the final Save dialog appears, where you assign an ID to the edited object. If you change your mind about the name, press the Rename soft button for another try.
Note: For an additional naming method, see Keyboard Naming below.
5-3
Editing Conventions
Saving and Naming
ROM Objects
If the object you started from was a ROM (factory preset) object, the PC3 will automatically suggest the next available (unused) ID as the ID for the edited object. If that’s the ID you want, press the Save soft button, and the object will be stored in memory with that ID. Otherwise, you can select any ID from 1 to the maximum. This page also gives you the opportunity to return to the naming dialog (as described in the previous section) or, by pressing the Object soft button, to access the Object Utilities (described in Chapter 13).
If you select an ID that’s already in use, the PC3 will tell you that you’re going to replace the ROM object that’s already been assigned that ID. If you don’t want to do that, you can select a different ID. Or you can press the Plus/Minus buttons simultaneously to toggle between the ID that the PC3 suggested and the original ID. Or press the Cancel soft button to cancel the operation.
If you decide not to cancel or change the ID, and you press the Replace soft button, the PC3 will write your newly edited object over the existing ROM object. Actually, it only appears that way, since you can’t truly write to ROM. The ROM object will reappear if you delete the newly edited object (there are soft buttons in each editor for deleting objects).
Memory Objects
If the original object was a memory object, the PC3 will assume you want to replace it, and will suggest the same ID as the original object. (In all modes other than Song mode, a diamond icon preceding an item’s ID indicates a memory object). As with ROM objects, you can cancel, replace, or change the ID and save to an unused ID. If you replace a memory object, however, it’s definitely gone!
5-4
Editing Conventions
Saving and Naming
Keyboard Naming
The keyboard naming feature makes naming objects convenient, by letting you use the keyboard (or your MIDI controller) to enter the name of the object you’re modifying.
When you’re in a Rename dialog, use either of the Chan/
Layer buttons to change between the keyboard naming states: Off (disabled), On, and Adv (Advance). When set to On or Adv, the keys (MIDI note numbers, actually) correspond to all the characters shown on page 5‐3. There are also equivalents to the cursor movement, insertion, deletion, and OK (Enter) buttons.
On requires you to move the cursor to enter each letter, just as you have to do when using the normal data entry methods for naming. Adv automatically moves the cursor one space to the right each time you strike a key, just like a typewriter or computer keyboard. This is the most convenient setting.
A0 to C8
(Standard 88-note Keyboard)
A0
Move cursor to start of name
C2
Move cursor left one space
(Shift)
1 Wheel
!
tch
Absolute Value
(Space)
2 @
a A
3 #
b B
c C
C3
d D
f F
6 ^
g G
7 &
h H
8 *
i I
C4
k K
m M
n N
o O
C5
r R
_ (Underscore)
= (Equals)
+
; (Semicolon)
' (Apostrophe)
s S
t T
, (Comma)
u U
/ (Slash)
w W
C6
y Y
: (Colon)
'' (Quote)
<
. (Period)
v V
>
?
[ (Left bracket) ` (Back quote)
] (Right bracket) \ (Backslash)
z Z
(Space)
(OK, Enter)
(Shift)
Delete; move characters left one space
Move cursor left one space
Insert; move characters right one space
Move cursor right one space
Move cursor to end of name
- (Hyphen)
(Backspace)
p P
x X
9 (
0 (zero) )
l L
q Q
4 $
5 %
e E
j J
Delete; move characters left one space
Insert; move characters right one space
Move cursor right one space
C7
Use the (Shift) keys or
Sustain pedal to enter
upper-case and
special characters
C8
5-5
Editing Conventions
Deleting Objects
Deleting Objects
Within most editors, there are soft buttons for deleting objects. When you want to delete an object, press the Delete soft button, and the PC3 will ask you if you want to delete the object. (At this point in the dialog, you can select another object with any of the data entry methods.) Press OK if you want to delete it, or press Cancel if you don’t. The PC3 won’t let you delete ROM objects (also known as “factory” objects).
Memory objects, on the other hand, are gone when you delete them! If you’ve “replaced” a ROM object by saving a memory object with the same ID, the ROM object is invisible, but still there. Deleting the memory object stored at the same ID will restore the ROM object.
You’ll often delete objects to gain memory space, or to organize the memory banks before saving objects to storage. To delete multiple objects, use the Delete Objects utility available in Master mode. It’s described on page 11‐13.
Dependent Objects
A dependent object is an object that’s linked in memory with at least one other object. For example, if you create a setup that uses a program that you also created, that program is a dependent object of the setup.
When you start to delete an object that has dependent objects, the Delete dialog gives you a choice: Delete dependent objects? If you press Yes, the PC3 will delete the object and all its dependent objects when you execute the Delete function. In our example, if you were deleting the setup you created, and you chose to delete dependent objects, the dependent program would get deleted as well. If you press No at the Delete dependent objects? prompt, the PC3 deletes only the object, but keeps the dependent objects. In our example, the setup would get deleted, but the dependent program would remain.
When deleting objects and their dependents, the PC3 deletes only those dependent objects that aren’t dependent on other objects that you’re not deleting. For example, suppose you have two setups that contain the same program. If you delete one of the setups, and delete dependent objects with it, the setup gets deleted, but the program that’s contained in the other setup remains in memory.
Saving and Loading Files—Storage Mode
Saving a file simply involves selecting objects or a complete bank of objects to be stored as a single file. All objects with IDs within that range will be saved to the file. When you load a file, the PC3 asks you which bank will receive the file. You can load a file into any of the sixteen banks, regardless of the bank it was saved from. The PC3 will automatically reassign the object IDs.
See Chapter 13 for more information on loading and saving files.
5-6
Editing Conventions
Special Button Functions
Special Button Functions
The Mode buttons and the Chan/Layer buttons have additional functions, depending on the mode or editor you’re in. The table below describes some of these special button functions.
Button
Special Function
Program
Mute 1
Mutes Layer 1 of current program in Program Editor.
Setup
Mute 3
Mutes Layer 3 of current program in Program Editor.
Q Access
Solo
Solos current layer in Program Editor.
Effects
FX Bypass
In Program Editor, bypasses (mutes) current program’s FX preset (plays program dry.) In
Chain Editor, mutes/unmutes currently selected effects box, and the Effect Mode button’s
LED will light when a muted effects box is selected, and unlight when an unmuted effects
box is selected.
MIDI
Mute 2
Mutes Layer 2 of current program in Program Editor.
Master
Mute 4
Mutes Layer 4 of current program in Program Editor.
Song
Mute Active
Mutes active layer of current program in Program Editor.
Storage
Compare
Negates effect of unsaved edits and plays last-saved (unedited) version of object being
edited in Program Editor.
Chan / Layer
In Program Editor, these two buttons scroll through layers of current program; in Setup
Editor, scroll through zones of current setup; in Quick Access mode, scroll through entries
in current Quick Access bank; In Song Mode, change recording track.
Edit
Whenever cursor is highlighting an editable object or parameter, takes you to
corresponding editor or programming page
5-7
Editing Conventions
Special Button Functions
5-8
Program Mode
The Program Mode Page
Chapter 6
Program Mode
Programs are the PC3’s performance‐level sound objects. They’re preset sounds equivalent to the patches, presets, voices, or multis that you find on other synths.
Program mode is the heart of the PC3, where you select programs for performance and editing. The PC3 is packed with great sounds, but it’s also a synthesizer of truly amazing depth and flexibility. When you’re ready to start tweaking sounds, the Program Editor is the place to start. The PC3 offers two new powerful editing features: Cascade Mode and Dynamic VAST.
•
Cascade Mode lets you route any layer of a program into the DSP of any other layer. Any of the 32 layers of a program can go into any other layer (see page 6‐27.)
•
Dynamic VAST lets you “wire” your own algorithms. You can combine different DSP functions in any order you like, including parallel and serial configurations (see page 6‐23.)
The Program Mode Page
The top line of the Program mode entry‐level page shows your mode location, the current MIDI transposition, the MIDI bank name and MIDI program number of the highlighted program, and the current MIDI channel.
Selecting Programs
When you are in Program mode, there are three basic ways to select a PC3 program:
•
Press one of the Bank buttons (above the sliders on the left side of the front panel) to select a bank, then press a Category button and a Program button to choose within the bank. The Category and Program buttons are on the front panel, between the screen and the alpha wheel. (See Program and Category Buttons on page 3‐4 for more details.)
•
Type the program’s ID (number) on the alphanumeric buttonpad, then press Enter. If you make a mistake, press Clear, then start over.
•
Scroll through the list using the Alpha Wheel, the Plus or Minus button under the Alpha Wheel, or the cursor buttons (the arrow buttons to the right of the display).
6-1
Program Mode
The Program Mode Page
The Soft Buttons in Program Mode
Use the Octav– and Octav+ soft buttons to transpose up or down by a full octave. Pressing both Octav buttons simultaneously returns the transposition to its original setting.
Pressing the Panic soft button sends an All Notes Off message and an All Controllers Off message on all 16 MIDI channels.
Press the Info soft button to see all of the controller assignments of the current program. Scroll down the page using the Alpha Wheel or the Plus/Minus buttons.
The Xpose‐/Xpose+ buttons are a shortcut for quick transposition in semitone (half step) increments. You can use them to transpose the entire PC3 as much as three octaves up or down. The top line of the display shows the current amount of transposition (Xpose). Pressing both Xpose buttons simultaneously returns the transposition to zero. The Xpose buttons transpose the PC3, as well as any MIDI devices connected to the PC3’s MIDI Out port. Changing the transposition with the soft buttons also changes the corresponding setting on the MIDI mode TRANSMIT page.
The Info Box
The info box at the left of the Program mode page gives you information about the current program. Generally, the info box shows the keymap assigned to each layer (for KB3 programs, the info box shows the keymap used for the upper tone wheels.) The line beneath the name of the keymap indicates the keyboard range of that layer. In the diagram above, for example, there’s one layer that extends from C 0 to C 8—the default range. The representation of these layer ranges is approximate; they’re intended to let you know if you have a layered keyboard (lines overlapping) or a split keyboard (lines not overlapping). Stereo keymap layers are indicated in the info box with a double circle symbol. The info box can display up to four layers at a time. If the current program has more than four layers, you can view their keymaps by pressing and holding down the Enter button and scrolling with the Chan/Layer buttons.
Note: For VAST layers using KVA oscillators, the info box may or may not show the name of the oscillator being used. See Advanced Use Of KVA Oscillators on page 6‐55 for more details.
The info box can also be set to show the assignment and current MIDI CC value for the last moved controller, see Display on page 11‐3 for details.
Controllers Assignments For Factory ROM Programs
Many of the programs included with the PC3 (factory ROM programs) can be controlled by using the PC3’s physical controllers (sliders, wheels, switches, pedals, etc.) Press the Info soft button to see all of the controller assignments of the current program. Here is a list of controllers and their commonly assigned program parameters:
•
Slider I (MIDI 28) ‐ Slider I usually controls the program’s send level to an Aux effect (usually reverb or delay.) In this case, use slider I to control the reverb or delay level.
•
SW Switch ‐ The SW switch often enables a layer (like strings for piano program) or an effect. •
Mod Wheel ‐ The Mod Wheel often works with the parameter assigned to the SW switch and controls the level of a layer or the level or intensity of an effect such as tremolo, vibrato, or wah.
•
Sliders A‐H ‐ Sliders A and B often control filter or EQ parameters that change the “brightness”of the program. Sliders C through H usually control parameters specific to the current programs amplitude envelopes, layer volumes, and insert effect parameters. Press the Info soft button to see all of the controller assignments of the current program.
See Assigning Program Parameters to Control Sources on page 6‐13 for details on making your own controller assignments.
6-2
Program Mode
The Program Mode Page
Saving Controller Settings in Program Mode
Many programs have parameters assigned to the PC3’s sliders, mod wheel, and the SW button above the mod wheel. You can change the settings of these controllers to change the sound of the current program. If you switch to a different program, the alterations that you made to the previous program will be lost without warning. To save a program with its current controller settings, you must save entry values for the controllers. Entry values are values sent for each controller setting when a program is loaded. To capture entry values for the current program, press the Edit button to the left of the display to enter the Program Editor. Next, use the more soft buttons to find the SetCtl soft button, then press the SetCtl soft button. Lastly, press the Exit button to the right of the display and follow the prompt to choose an ID# and save the program.
Similarly, when using a KB3 program, you can capture the entry values for the drawbars (the sliders) by pressing the SetDBR soft button in the KB3 program editor.
The Arpeggiator In Program Mode
In Program Mode, you can use an arpeggiator for the Program on the currently selected MIDI channel. The arpeggiator can be turned on and off by pressing the Arp button above the wheels (so long as the default Control Setup is being used, see Control Setup below for details.) To access the arpeggiator parameters, press the Arp and SW buttons (above the wheels) simultaneously. See The ARPEGGIATOR Page on page 7‐42 for details on the arpeggiator parameters. The arpeggiator plays at the tempo set on the TEMPO page. Press the left and right cursor buttons simultaneously to view the TEMPO page (see TEMPO on page 11‐10 for details.) In Program Mode, you can change the program on the current MIDI channel, or change the current MIDI channel, and the current arpeggiator settings will remain the same. If you enter Setup Mode and then return to Program Mode, the arpeggiator in Program Mode will be returned to its default settings. The default settings for the arpeggiator in Program Mode are set on Zone 1 of the Control Setup (see Control Setup below for details.) Note: Settings for the arpeggiator in Program Mode are not saved with each program. Settings for the arpeggiator in Program Mode can only be saved by editing arpeggiator settings for Zone 1 of the Control Setup. Because arpeggiator settings are not saved with each program, Setup Mode should be used when you wish to save a program with specific arpeggiator settings. A Setup can contain up to 16 programs, each with their own arpeggiator settings (see Chapter 7, Setup Mode for details.)
MIDI Channels
To select a MIDI channel to use in Program mode, use the Chan/Layer buttons at the left of the display. The current MIDI channel is displayed in the top right corner of the Program mode main page. Notes played on the PC3 keyboard are sent to the MIDI out port on the currently selected MIDI channel. For basic use of Program mode (playing a single Program,) the MIDI channel can usually be ignored. For multitimbral use of Program mode (playing multiple different programs at once,) select each MIDI channel then select a Program for each. In Program mode, when sending MIDI data to the PC3 from an external MIDI device, the PC3 can play up to 16 different programs at once (one on each MIDI channel.) See Save on page 11‐17 for details on saving the Program selection for each channel. For more advanced multitimbral features and easier saving and recalling of multitimbral program selections, see Chapter 7, Setup Mode, and Chapter 12, Song Mode and the Song Editor. 6-3
Program Mode
VAST and KB3 Programs
VAST and KB3 Programs
It is important to understand the difference between VAST programs and KB3 programs. VAST programs contain up to 32 layers, each of which contains a keymap or KVA oscillator. Keymaps consists of a number of samples assigned to a particular keyboard range. KVA oscillators use powerful DSP to generate a range of simple and complex waveforms (see Editing VAST Programs With KVA Oscillators on page 6‐53 for more details.) See VAST Program Structure below for more details on VAST programs.
KB3 programs use a much different architecture. There are no layers or algorithms, just a set of oscillators (designed to emulate the tonewheels in a Hammond Organ) that start running as soon as you select a KB3 program. See KB3 Program Structure on page 6‐6 for more details on KB3 programs.
VAST Program Structure
Figure 6‐1 on page 6‐5 depicts the hierarchy of a VAST program, from individual samples all the way up to setups, which can contain up to 16 programs.
Every VAST program contains at least one layer, and can contain up to 32 layers. A layer consists of a keymap and an algorithm for processing the samples contained in the keymap. Each sample is a separate digital recording of some kind of sound: musical instruments, vocals, synthesizers, sound effects, and more. Individual samples are assigned to specific key ranges (from A 2 to D 3, for example), and are also assigned to be triggered at specific attack velocities. These assignments constitute the keymap.
When you trigger a note, the PC3 looks to the keymap of each layer of the currently active VAST program(s) to determine which samples to play. The sound engine then fetches the requested samples and generates a digital signal representing the sound of the samples. This signal first passes through the DSP functions of an algorithm (possibly multiple algorithms if cascade mode is being used, see page 6‐27 for details.) Last, the signal may or may not pass through the PC3’s effects processor before going to one or more of the audio outputs.
The layer is the VAST program’s basic unit of polyphony, that is, each layer constitutes one of the 128 voice channels the PC3 can activate at any time. If you have a program that consists of two layers covering the note range from A 0 to C 8, each key you strike triggers two voice channels.
Note: One exception to this structure is when using a KVA oscillator, the sound source for that layer is not derived from a keymap, but is generated at the algorithm stage (though keymap information is still used to set key range and maximum amplitude.) After this, the structure is the same as described above. See Editing VAST Programs With KVA Oscillators on page 6‐53 for more details.
6-4
Program Mode
VAST Program Structure
Zone
1
Zone
2
Zone
3
Zone
4
Zone
5
Zone
6
Zone
7
Zone
8
16 keyboard zones—
each with independent
program, MIDI channel,
and control assignments
Selected for performance
and editing in Program
mode; up to 32 layers per
program
A keymap processed
through an algorithm,
modulated by control
sources
Up to 128 sample
roots, assigned to play
at programmable key
and velocity ranges
Individual digital sound
recordings stored in
ROM; stereo samples
use two voices of
polyphony
Figure 6-1
VAST Program Structure
6-5
Program Mode
KB3 Program Structure
KB3 Program Structure
There’s nothing quite like the sound of the classic Hammond™ B‐3 tone wheel organ, especially when played through a Leslie™ rotating speaker system. We’ve done extensive testing and analysis with several tone wheel organs, and created our own models to emulate the unique tone wheel sound. We even took into account the way that older organs start to sound different (and arguably better) as their capacitors begin to leak—and we included a parameter that lets you vary the amount of grunge (leakage) in your sound.
KB3 programs use oscillators to emulate the tone wheel sound. Each oscillator operates independently, and has its own pitch and amplitude control. You can control how many oscillators are used for a KB3 program. There are two oscillators per voice, for a total of 256. You can use up to 91 of them in a KB3 program (the 92nd is reserved to produce key click). Because the oscillators start running as soon as you select a KB3 program, there are always voices available—unlike VAST programs, which start “stealing” notes when you reach the polyphony limit.
The oscillators—we’ll call them tone wheels from here on—are divided into an upper and lower group. The upper tone wheels use the samples in the PC3’s keymaps to generate sound, while the lower tone wheels use sine waves. You can change the keymap of a KB3 program’s upper tone wheels to produce a large array of sounds. By changing the keymap from sine to a saw wave it is possible to emulate the sound of classic combo organs like the Vox™ and Farfisa™ models.
KB3 programs are also routed through vibrato, rotary speaker, preamp and distortion effects, see below for details.
KB3 Mode
KB3 programs are different enough from VAST programs that we use the term KB3 mode to describe what’s going on when you play a KB3 program. Whenever you play a KB3 program, you are in KB3 mode. The blue LED in the KB3 button will light when the current program is a KB3 program.You can play KB3 programs only on a single channel at a time.
If you want to create your own KB3 program, start by editing an existing KB3 program.
KB3 Effects And Real-time Controls
You have real‐time control over many components of KB3 programs directly from the front panel. The sliders emulate the drawbars that are so essential to the tone wheel sound, while the buttons above them (the Bank Buttons) can control the KB3 effects: Leslie, vibrato, chorus, and percussion. When using a KB3 program in Setup Mode, you must set the Mutes parameter to KB3 Control in order to use the Bank buttons for controlling KB3 effects (see Mutes on page 7‐66 for details.)
Drawbars
One of the standard performance features of many tone wheel organs is the set of drawbars for emulating the stops on a pipe organ. Moving the drawbars controls the amplitude of either the fundamentals or the harmonics of the notes. The PC3’s sliders serve as the nine drawbars found on most tone wheel organs. Pushing the sliders up is the equivalent of pushing the drawbars in (removing fundamentals or harmonics).
Subharmonics
Harmonics
5 /3'
8'
4'
2 2/3'
2'
1 3/5'
1 1/3'
1'
Slider A
Slider B
Slider C
Slider D
Slider E
Slider F
Slider G
Slider H
Slider I
Table 6-1
6-6
Fundamental
16'
1
Standard Drawbar Settings for the Hammond B3
Program Mode
KB3 Program Structure
KB3 Mode Effects Buttons (Bank Buttons)
When using a KB3 program, the Bank buttons (above the sliders) control KB3 effects, instead of choosing program banks as they usually do in program mode. The KB3 function is labeled below each button, their LEDs indicate the status of the various effects for the current KB3 program. This status is saved as part of each program. You can change the effects in real time by pressing the buttons.
The KB3 effects return to their programmed settings the next time you select the program. If, however, you’re in the Program Editor when you change the effects, you’re actually editing the program. (Each effect also has a corresponding parameter in the Program Editor, see the table below.) If you like the changes, you can save the program with the new KB3 effects settings. If you don’t like the changes, you can exit without saving, and the program will revert to its previous settings.
In KB3 mode the Bank buttons also respond to and send MIDI Controller messages. See Table 6‐
3 on page 6‐8 for details.
Effect
Category
Rotary
Vibrato
Percussion
Table 6-2
Button Name
LED Color
(relative to
button name/
state)
Corresponding
Page and
Parameter
Comments
Fast / Slow
red/green
MISC: SpeedCtl
On / Off
red/off
MISC: VibChorCtl
Chorus / Vibrato
red/green
MISC: VibChorSel
Disabled if Button 2 is off
Depth 1 / 2 / 3
green/orange/red
MISC: VibChorSel
Disabled if Button 2 is off
On / Off
red/off
PERC: Percussion
Volume Loud / Soft
red/green
PERC: Volume
Disabled if Button 5 is off
Decay Fast / Slow
red/green
PERC: Decay
Disabled if Button 5 is off
Pitch High / Low
red/green
PERC: Harmonic
Disabled if Button 5 is off
KB3 Mode Effects Buttons and Corresponding Parameters
Additional Controller Assignments In KB3 Mode
Other default assignments for factory KB3 programs include: CC Pedal 1 (volume) controls preamp volume, which emulates the volume control of an organ preamp. The PreampResp parameter must be set to On for this to work (the default setting.) See PreampResp on page 6‐67 for details.
The Mod Wheel controls Distortion Drive.
Switch Pedal 1 (sustain) controls the SpeedCtl parameter, which toggles the Rotary speed between slow or fast. See SpeedCtl on page 6‐68 for details. This has the same effect as using Bank Button 1 (labeled Rotary Fast/Slow.)
6-7
Program Mode
KB3 Program Structure
MIDI Control of KB3 Programs
Controller Numbers
Table 6‐3 lists the MIDI Controller numbers that control KB3 features. Send the listed controller number and appropriate controller value to control each KB3 feature via MIDI. The PC3 also sends these Controller numbers to its MIDI Out port when using each of these KB3 features.
KB3 Program Feature
MIDI
Controller
Number
Distortion Drive (Mod Wheel)
Preamp Volume (Volume/Expression Pedal)
1
0 = Minimum Distortion Drive.
127 = Maximum Distortion Drive.
Values between 0 and 127 scale between
minimum and maximum Distortion Drive.
11
0 = Minimum Preamp volume.
127 = Maximum Preamp volume.
Values between 0 and 127 scale between
minimum and maximum volume.
Drawbar1
6
Drawbar2
13
Drawbar3
22
Drawbar4
23
Drawbar5
24
Drawbar6
25
Drawbar7
26
Drawbar8
27
Drawbar9
28
Rotating Speaker Fast/Slow
68
Chorus/Vibrato On/Off
95
Chorus/Vibrato Selector and Chorus/Vibrato
Depth
93
Percussion On/Off
73
With Steps
parameter set to
(0-8)
(See
Steps on page 6-61
for details)
With Steps
parameter set to
(0-127)
(See
Steps on page 6-61
for details)
0-13 = volume 8
14-27 = volume 7
28-41 = volume 6
42-55 = volume 5
56-70 = volume 4
71-84 = volume 3
85-98 = volume 2
99-112 = volume 1
113-127 = volume 0
127 = minimum
volume.
0 = maximum
volume.
Values between
127 and 0 scale
between minimum
and maximum
volume.
64-127 = Fast, 0-63 = Slow
64-127 = On, 0-63 = Off
54-71
72-89
90-127
0-17
18-35
36-53
= select chorus with depth 1
= select chorus with depth 2
= select chorus with depth 3
= select vibrato with depth 1
= select vibrato with depth 2
= select vibrato with depth 3
64-127 = On, 0-63 = Off
Percussion Loud/Soft
71
64-127 = Loud, 0-63 = Soft
Percussion Decay Fast/Slow
70
64-127 = Fast, 0-63 = Slow
Percussion Pitch High/Low
72
64-127 = High, 0-63 = Low
Key Click Level
89
0 = -96 dB.
127 = Maximum Key Click Level set in Editor.
Values between 0 and 127 scale between
-96 dB and maximum Key Click Level.
Leakage Level
90
0 = -96 dB.
127 = 0 dB.
Values between 0 and 127 scale between
-96 dB and 0 dB.
Table 6-3
6-8
Values
KB3 MIDI Controller Assignments
Program Mode
Control Setup
Control Setup
Control Setup Overview
The Control Setup is a Setup object edited and stored in Setup Mode but used by Program Mode. The Control Setup defines the CC destinations for the PC3’s physical controllers (wheels, sliders, pedals, etc.) in Program mode. These assignments are the MIDI CC numbers that the PC3’s physical controllers send while in Program mode. Parameters in the Program Editor can then be assigned to respond to these CC numbers. See the Figure 6‐2 below for a visual depiction of the Control Setup’s role while in Program Mode. See the sections on page 6‐11 for details on physical controller destinations and program parameter sources. The programs in the PC3 factory ROM have parameters assigned to respond to the controller destinations of the default Control Setup (126 Internal Voices). Therefore you’ll want to use 126 Internal Voices as the Control Setup in most cases. Note: If you don’t use the default Control Setup, assigned parameters in the PC3’s factory ROM programs will probably not respond to the PC3’s physical controllers. Don’t edit the Control Setup unless you are an advanced MIDI user and know what you’re doing. Advanced users may wish to use a different control setup if they need to send specific MIDI controller numbers to the MIDI out port when in Program mode. You can also program several different control setups and switch among them for different applications.
Table 6‐4 below shows which pages and parameters in the Setup Editor of the Control Setup have an effect on Programs in Program mode. Aside from assigning MIDI CC destinations for the PC3’s physical controllers, the Control Setup allows you to set other available parameters for each physical controller, such as Scale, Curve, Add, and Switch Type (see Continuous Controller Parameters on page 7‐29 for details on these parameters.) Default Control Setup:
PC3’s
Physical
Controllers
Setup Mode
Setup ID#: 126: Internal Voices
Setup Editor
Controller Destinations:
Slider A
(Data)
SlidA sends
Dest: Data (MIDI CC 6)
Switch
Pedal 1
(sustain)
FOOT SWITCH 1 sends
OnControl/OffControl:
Sustain (MIDI CC 64)
Program Mode
Program
Program Editor
Parameter
Control Sources:
Source: Data (CC 6)
(parameter is controlled by
the physical controller that
is sending MIDI CC 6)
Source: Sustain (CC 64)
(parameter is controlled by
the physical controller that
is sending MIDI CC 64)
(Continues
for all
controllers.)
Figure 6-2
Examples Of How The Control Setup Defines The PC3’s Physical
Controller Assignments While In Program Mode
6-9
Program Mode
Control Setup
Control Setup Advanced Features
The control setup can also be used to set other parameters which affect program mode. See Chapter 7, Setup Mode for details on each of these parameters: •
Velocity scaling can be set in the Setup Editor with parameters on the KEY‐VEL page. Though a master velocity map can be set with the Velocity Map parameter on the Master Mode MAPS page (see page 11‐4,) setting velocity scaling in the Control Setup provides more options.
•
Programmable switch destinations can be set on the Setup Editor PRG SWITCH pages. In Program mode, the Programmable Switches act as Program Select buttons if none of them are assigned to a destination in the control setup. If at least one Programmable Switch is assigned in the control setup, then the assigned Programmable Switch buttons act as assigned, but none of the buttons function as program select buttons.
•
Ribbon settings can be set on the Setup Editor RIBBON and RIBBON CONFIGUR pages. •
MIDI aftertouch can be turned off on the Setup Editor PRESSURE page by setting the Dest field to OFF. •
On the CH/PROG page you can set the Bank Mode which determines the type of MIDI bank messages that Program Mode will send to the USB and MIDI out ports when changing programs. See Program Change (ProgChang) on page 10‐4 to disable the PC3 from sending program change messages. •
The Destination parameter on the CH/PROG page determines where MIDI messages are sent. Usually this should be kept at its default setting USB_MIDI+MIDI+LOCAL, and the MIDI message destination for Program mode should be set with the Destination parameter on the MIDI Mode Transmit page (see page 10‐2 for details.) The Destination parameter on the CH/PROG page works in combination with the Destination parameter on the MIDI Mode Transmit page. For example if the Destination parameter on the CH/PROG page is set to MIDI+LOCAL, then MIDI messages will not be sent to the USB port, even if USB_MIDI+MIDI+LOCAL is selected for the Destination parameter on the MIDI Mode Transmit page. Selecting And Editing The Control Setup
The current control setup can be selected on the MIDI Mode Transmit page using the ControlSetup parameter. To edit the current control setup, select the ControlSetup parameter on the MIDI Mode Transmit page, then press the Edit button to the left of the display. You can also select the setup in Setup Mode and then press the Edit button to the left of the display. If you edit or overwrite the default Control Setup (126 Internal Voices), you can always recall the original control setup by deleting the setup stored at ID# 126. This will return the setup to its default settings. You can delete a setup by using the Delete soft button in the Setup Editor.
When selecting or editing the Control Setup, only Zone 1 of the setup has an effect on program mode. (Zones 2–16 are not relevant in Program Mode, because the PC3’s physical controllers can only control one MIDI channel at a time in Program Mode.) See Table 6‐4 below for which pages and parameters in the Setup Editor of the Control Setup have an affect on Programs in Program Mode.
Note: The Control Setup doesn’t affect the sound of a program, only the assignments of certain physical controllers. The samples and keymaps assigned to a program are unaffected by the Control Setup. While you’re in Program mode, the PC3 ignores the programs assigned to the setup that you chose as the Control Setup.
6-10
Program Mode
Control Setup
Control Setup–Setup Editor Page (Zone 1)
Parameters Affecting Program Mode
CH/PROG
Arpeggiator, Destination, BankMode
KEY-VEL
All
PAN-VOL
ExitVolume, ExitPan
BEND
AuxBend1Up, AuxBend1Dwn, AuxBend2Rng
COMMON
Tempo, ArpSync
ARPEGGIATOR
All
RIBBON CONFIGUR
All
Continuous Controller assignment pages (SLIDER,
SLID2, CONT.PEDALS, RIBBON, WHEEL, PRESS)
Dest, Scale, Add, Curv
Switch Controller assignment pages (FOOT
SWITCH 1-3, SWITCH ARP, SWITCH SW, PRG
SWITCH 1-8)
Type, OnControl, OnValue, OffControl,
OffValue, EntryState
Table 6-4
Control Setup Parameters Affecting Program Mode
About PC3 Physical Controller Destinations
PC3 physical controllers transmit controller messages consisting of a destination and a value. The destination allows the physical controller to be identified, while the value represents the current state of the physical controller (button on/off, slider setting, etc.) Each destination can be identified as a number (though some destinations are displayed in the PC3 as the name of their default use.) Destinations can be MIDI continuous controller numbers (0‐127) or PC3 internal destinations (128 and above.) For simplicity, we will refer to both of these types of destinations as CC numbers, or CCs (continuous controller numbers.) By default, physical controller destinations 0‐127 are transmitted internally to program parameters, and to the USB and MIDI Out ports as MIDI continuous controller numbers (see Destination on page 10‐2 to change this behavior.) Physical controller destinations 128 and above are only transmitted internally to program parameters. Destinations above 127 can not be assigned as a program parameter control source. Some destinations above 127 will still affect Program Mode even though they can not be assigned as a program parameter control source. For example, destination 133 Tempo always controls the system tempo. In the control setup, setting a slider to destination 133 Tempo would make that slider always control system tempo while in Program mode. This might be useful to change the tempo when using the arpeggiator in Program mode, though the slider wouldn’t be able to control anything else in Program mode. See The Controller Destination List on page 7‐21 for details on each controller destination.
About Program Parameter Sources
In program mode, when you want to control a parameter with a physical controller, you set the parameters source field to the destination that the physical controller is sending to. For example, by default the destination for the Mod Wheel is CC 1. If you select a source field in the Program Editor, then press 1 followed by the Enter button, that parameter will be controlled by the Mod Wheel. In this case, the parameter could also be controlled by CC 1 being sent from an external MIDI device.
You can assign a destination to a source field by selecting the source field, holding the Enter button, then moving the physical controller that you want to use. For most of the PC3’s physical controllers, their destination name in the source field is displayed with the name of the controller on the PC3’s front panel. 6-11
Program Mode
Editing VAST Programs
Editing VAST Programs
The Program Editor is where you begin to modify the PC3’s resident sounds, and to build your own sounds around sample keymaps or KVA oscillators (see Editing VAST Programs With KVA Oscillators on page 6‐53 for some differences.) There’s virtually no limit to the sounds you can create using the tools in the Program Editor.
Note: This section describes the Program Editor as it applies to VAST programs. See Editing KB3 Programs on page 6‐59 for information about editing KB3 programs.
To enter the Program Editor, start in Program mode and press Edit. The Program‐mode LED will go out, and the KEYMAP (Keymap) page will appear.
The top line of the display gives you the usual reminder of your location. It also tells you which layer you’re viewing, and how many layers there are in the program. You can use the Chan/Layer buttons to scroll through the layers, if the program has more than one.
Here’s a method for jumping quickly to a specific layer in a program—it’s especially useful in multi‐layered drum programs. Hold the Enter button and strike a key. The display will show the layer(s) assigned to that key. If more than one layer is assigned to the same key, repeatedly striking the key (while continuing to hold the Enter button) will cycle through all layers assigned to that key. This method will work in most places within the Program Editor, but there is an exception: if the parameter you have highlighted has a note number or control source as its value, then holding Enter and striking a note will call up that note or control source. For all other parameters, however, this method will switch between layers.
The Soft Buttons in the Program Editor
The Program Editor’s soft buttons are labeled by the words that appear in the bottom line of the display. These buttons have two important jobs in the Program Editor: selecting pages, and selecting specific functions. If a soft button is labeled in all uppercase letters, pressing it will take you to the page it describes. If the button is labeled in mixed uppercase and lowercase letters, pressing it will execute the software function described by the label. Pressing the LAYER soft button, for example, will take you to the Layer page, while pressing the Save soft button will initiate the process for saving the currently selected program.
There are more pages and functions in the Program Editor than there are soft buttons. Therefore, two of the soft buttons are dedicated to scrolling through the list of pages and functions. If you don’t see the button for the page or function you want to select, press one of the soft buttons labeled more, and the labels will change. This doesn’t change the currently selected page, it merely changes the selection of available soft buttons.
6-12
Program Mode
Editing VAST Programs
Two of the soft buttons in the Program Editor are special cases. They’re the soft buttons that select the editing pages for the first and last DSP functions (Pitch and Level, respectively) of the current program’s algorithm. One of these soft buttons is labeled PITCH, and pressing it will take you to the DSPCTL (DSP Control) page with the Pitch parameter highlighted. The other one of these soft buttons is labeled AMP, and pressing it will take you to the DSPCTL page with the Level parameter highlighted. Additionally, pressing the DSPCTL soft button will take you to the DSPCTL page.
The MODE Buttons in the Program Editor
When in the Program editor, each of the MODE select button has a different function. Beside each button is the name of its function in the Program editor. When activated, the button’s LED will light up.
Mute 1, 2, 3, and 4
Each of the top four MODE select buttons serve to mute one of the current program’s first four layers. Pressing the Program button mutes layer 1, pressing the MIDI button mutes layer 2, pressing the Setup button mutes layer 3, and pressing the Master button mutes layer 4.
Solo
Pressing the Q Access button solos the current layer.
Mute Active
Pressing the Song button mutes the current layer.
FX Bypass
Pressing the Effect button bypasses all effects. Note, however, that if either of the Aux Overrides in Effects mode are active, then those effects are still applied.
Compare
Pressing the Storage button calls up the Compare Editor, which recalls the program pre‐edit settings, allowing you to compare your edited program with the original program. Pressing the Storage button again returns you to the Program editor. Using the Compare Editor makes no changes to the current program.
Assigning Program Parameters to Control Sources
Many PC3 program parameters can be assigned to be controlled by the PC3’s physical controllers or by MIDI CCs from an external MIDI device. For details on controllable parameters of VAST programs, see the following sections: The DSP Modulation (DSPMOD) Page on page 6‐30, The LFO Page on page 6‐38, The ASR Page on page 6‐40, The Function (FUN) Page on page 6‐41, The Envelope Control (ENVCTL) Page on page 6‐45, The MOD Pages on page 9‐10, and FXLFO, FXASR, and FXFUN pages on page 9‐11. For KB3 programs, see the following sections: The PITCH Page on page 6‐21, The AMP Page on page 6‐21, KB3 Editor: The LFO, ASR, and FUN Pages on page 6‐70, The MOD Pages on page 9‐10, and FXLFO, FXASR, and FXFUN pages on page 9‐11.
For each program, the Program Editor can be used to assign the PC3’s physical controllers or external MIDI controller CC numbers to control parameters. Controllable parameters each have a source field. Make assignments to the source field for the desired parameter. Source fields are named differently depending on their page: Src1, Src2, RateCt, Trigger, Input a, Input b, and Source. To assign a PC3 physical controller, select the source field for the parameter, hold the Enter button and move the controller. To assign a CC number to a source field, enter the number with the alphanumeric pad, then press Enter. A CC number for an external controller can also be set by selecting the source field for the parameter, holding the Enter button, and sending a CC value from the external MIDI controller. When assigning a CC number to a source field, the number may be displayed in the source field as the name of that CC’s default use. 6-13
Program Mode
The KEYMAP Page
The KEYMAP Page
Press the KEYMAP soft button to call up the KEYMAP page. The parameters on this page affect sample root selection, i.e., which samples are played on which keys.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Keymap
Keymap List
1 Piano f Left
Transpose
-128 to 127 semitones
0
Key Tracking
± 2400 cents per key
100
Velocity Tracking
± 7200 cents
0
Alt Method
Switched, Continuous
Switched
Stereo
Off, On
Off
Timbre Shift
± 60 semitones
0
Playback Mode
Norm, Rvrs, Bidirectional, Noise
Normal
Alt Control
Control Source List
Off
Keymap
Assign a keymap from ROM to the current layer. Keymaps are collections of samples assigned to note and velocity ranges. Transpose (Xpose)
Transpose the current keymap up as much as 127 semitones (ten octaves and a perfect fifth) or down as much as 128 semitones (ten octaves and a minor sixth).
Key Tracking (KeyTrk)
This is one of the six common DSP control parameters. On the KEYMAP page, key tracking affects the interval between notes. The default value of 100 cents (a cent is a hundredth of a semitone) gives you the normal semitone interval between each note. Higher values increase the interval; lower values decrease it. Negative values will cause the pitch to decrease as you play higher notes.
When you make changes to this parameter, you’ll need to keep in mind that KeyTrk on the KEYMAP page works in conjunction with KeyTrk on the PITCH page. Therefore, you’ll need to check the KeyTrk value on both pages to see how key tracking works within a program. Unless you’re looking for nonstandard note intervals, the values of the KeyTrk parameters on the PITCH and KEYMAP pages should add up to 100 cents.
6-14
Program Mode
The KEYMAP Page
Velocity Tracking (VelTrk)
This is another common DSP control parameter. As with the other parameters on the KEYMAP page, this shifts the position of the keymap. Different attack velocities will play different pitch shifts of the sample root assigned to that note range. If the shift is great enough, the next higher or lower sample root will be played, which in some cases (many drum programs, for example) will play an entirely different sound. Positive values will play higher pitches of the sample root when you use hard attack velocities (they shift the keymap downward), while negative values will play lower pitches.
Method (AltMethod)
See Alternative Switch (AltControl and AltMethod) below.
Stereo
You’ll use this parameter when you’re working with stereo samples.
When you set this parameter to On, the KEYMAP page changes slightly:
An additional Keymap parameter appears. The two keymap parameters are distinguished as Keymap 1 and Keymap 2. The KEYMAP page parameters will affect both keymaps. When the Stereo parameter is set to On, the OUTPUT page for the current layer will show an additional pair of Pan parameters.
The PC3 contains both stereo and mono samples. Keymaps designed for stereo use are labeled with names beginning with “Stereo” or ending in “Left,” “Right,” “L,” or “R.” For stereo keymap playback, set Stereo “On” and assign corresponding Left and Right keymaps to Keymap1 and Keymap2 respectively. For keymaps beginning with “Stereo,” assign the same keymap to both Keymap1 and Keymap2. If you select the same keymap for Keymap1 and Keymap2, the PC3 automatically uses the left side for Keymap1 and the right side for Keymap2.
Once you have the keymaps assigned, go to the OUTPUT page and set the panning for each sample as desired. Keep in mind that using stereo keymaps reduces the polyphony of the program. For example, if you had a two‐layer program with stereo keymaps in each layer, each note you play would use 4 of your 128 voices, allowing a total of 32 notes before all the voices have been used.
If you’re not using stereo samples, you should set this parameter’s value to Off.
6-15
Program Mode
The KEYMAP Page
Timbre Shift
This parameter works only on multi‐sample keymaps, and changes the root selection for each key you play. With this parameter you can radically alter the current layer’s timbre (basic sound characteristics). The nature of the change depends on the timbre itself, so this parameter calls for experimentation. Basically, timbre shifting changes a note’s timbre by imposing different harmonic qualities onto the note. A timbre‐shifted note retains its original pitch, but its harmonics are those of the same timbre at a higher or lower pitch. Positive values for this parameter tend to brighten a sound, while negative values darken.
Here’s an example. If you shift the timbre up 4 semitones, then playing C 4 will result in the pitch C 4, but will actually play the sample normally assigned to G# 3, and shift its pitch up four semitones. This will increase the playback rate of the sample, so although the pitch remains normal, the timbre is brighter. You’d get the same effect by setting the Xpose parameter on the KEYMAP page to ‐4 semitones, then setting the Adjust on the PITCH page to +4 semitones. For multi‐sample layers with narrow key ranges, large amounts of timbre shifting will cause different sample roots to be played back.
Playback Mode
This gives you numerous options for manipulating the samples in the current layer as you trigger them. Normal leaves the samples unaffected, while Reverse plays them in reverse. At a value of Reverse, the samples will continue to loop as long as notes are sustained. To play them just once in reverse, you would adjust the length of the layer’s amplitude envelope (explained later in this chapter). BiDirect (bidirectional) causes the samples to loop infinitely, alternating between normal and reversed playback. Noise replaces the samples with a white noise generator.
Alternative Controller (AltControl)
See Alternative Switch (AltControl and AltMethod) below.
Alternative Switch (AltControl and AltMethod)
Many, but not all, PC3 sample roots have been pre‐assigned a carefully chosen alternate sample start point that can be selected using the Alternate Switch feature (AltControl and AltMethod parameters). This feature allows you to control the sample playback start/end time triggered by any control source. (The alternate sample start point can be adjusted by editing a sample, see Editing Samples on page 14‐9 and The TRIM Page on page 14‐12 for details.)
Use the AltControl parameter to specify a control source that will cause the sample to begin or end at the Alt point. Then use the AltMethod parameter to choose between switched and continuous calculation of the Alt point. If the value of AltMethod is Switched, the PC3 will use the Alt point when the relevant control source is at a value greater than 64 at Note Start. If AltMethod is Continuous, the Alt point will vary depending on the value of the relevant control source at Note Start.
As an example, suppose you’re working with a flute keymap and wish to control the amount of chiff heard at the beginning of the sound. On the KEYMAP page in the Program Editor, set AltControl to MWheel. Now the Mod Wheel controls how much of the initial sample attack is used. If you set AltMethod to Switched and move the Mod Wheel at least half‐way up, at Note Start the sample will begin at the pre‐set alternate start point (in this case, slightly past the initial chiff). If you set the AltMethod to Continuous, the PC3 will interpolate the sample’s starting point based on the position of the Mod Wheel. If the Mod Wheel is 75% of the way up at Note Start. the sample will begin 75% of the way between normal and alternate start points.
6-16
Program Mode
The LAYER Page
Emulating Legato Play
If you place the Alt point after the initial attack transients of the sample, then you can use the Alt Switch to emulate legato playing in an acoustic instrument. As an example, set Keymap to 14 Flute. Now set the AltControl parameter to Chan St (Channel State). Now if you play notes separately, the initial breathy chiff will be heard. But if you play the notes legato (connecting them smoothly), the Alt point is used and you do not hear the chiff. This is because the Chan St is turned on as long as any note is being held. Most of the PC3’s ROM samples have their Alt points set for purposes of legato play. In most cases the difference in attacks is subtle, but for some sounds, like drums, the difference can be more noticeable.
The LAYER Page
Press the LAYER soft button to call up the LAYER page. Here you’ll set a number of parameters that affect the current layer’s keyboard range, attack and release characteristics, and response to various controls.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Low Key
C -1 to G 9
C0
High Key
C -1 to G 9
C8
Low Velocity
ppp to fff
ppp
High Velocity
ppp to fff
fff
Bend
Off, Key, All
All
Trig
Normal, Reversed
Normal
Delay Control
Control Source list
Off
Minimum Delay
0 to 25 seconds
0
Maximum Delay
0 to 25 seconds
0
Layer Enable
Control Source list
On
Enable Sense
Enable Min
Enable Max
Normal, Reversed
± 127
± 127
Normal
64
127
Opaque Layer
Off, On
Off
Sustain Pedal
Off, On, On2
On
Sostenuto Pedal
Off, On
On
Freeze Pedal
Off, On
On
Ignore Release
Off, On
Off
Hold Through Attack
Off, On
Off
Hold Until Sustain
Off, On
Off
6-17
Program Mode
The LAYER Page
Low Key (LoKey)
This sets the lowest active note for the current layer. This parameter’s value cannot be set higher than the value for HiKey. The standard MIDI key range is C 1—G 9 (0‐127). Middle C is C 4.
High Key (HiKey)
Here you set the highest active note for the current layer. This parameter’s value cannot be set lower than the value for LoKey.
Low Velocity (LoVel)
With this parameter you define the lowest attack velocity at which the layer will be enabled (generate a sound). The values for this parameter and the next are expressed in the standard musical dynamics markings, similar to the values available for the velocity maps. Attack velocities that are below this threshold will not trigger notes. If you set this parameter’s value higher than the HiVel value, the layer will not play at all.
High Velocity (HiVel)
Similarly, this will set the highest attack velocity at which the layer will be enabled. Attack velocities above this threshold will not trigger notes in this layer.
Using LoVel and HiVel, you can set up velocity switching between up to eight layers. If you need even more, you can do it using the Enable and Enable Sense (S) parameters (page 6‐19).
Pitch Bend Mode (Bend)
This determines how Pitch bend control messages will affect the current layer. A value of All bends all notes that are on when the Pitch bend message is generated. A value of Key bends only those notes whose triggers are physically on when the Pitch bend message is generated (notes held with the sustain pedal, for example, won’t bend). This is great for playing guitar solos on top of chords—play a chord, hold it with the Sustain pedal, then play your licks and bend them all you want; the chord won’t bend with it. A value of Off disables Pitch bend for the current layer. To apply the same Pitch Bend Mode setting to the entire program, make sure to set the same setting for each layer.
Trigger (Trig)
Set Trig to Rvrs to have notes of the current layer triggered on key‐up. The initial velocities of notes triggered this way are determined by the release velocities of the keys that trigger them. The default setting is Norm.
Delay Control (DlyCtl)
Here you select, from the Control Source list, a control source that will delay the start of all notes in the current layer. The length of the delay is determined by MinDly and MaxDly (described below). You’ll assign a continuous control like MWheel for the DlyCtl parameter when you want to vary the delay time, and a switch control if you want the delay to either be its minimum value (switch off), or its maximum (switch on). The delay control will affect only those notes triggered after the delay control source is moved; the delay time is calculated at each note start, based on the status of the delay control source at that time.
6-18
Program Mode
The LAYER Page
Minimum Delay (MinDly), Maximum Delay (MaxDly)
The length of the delay is determined by these two parameters. When the control source assigned to DlyCtl is at its minimum, the delay will be equal to the value of MinDly. The delay will be equal to the value of MaxDly when the control source is at its maximum. If DlyCtl is set to OFF, you get the minimum delay. If it’s set to ON, you get the maximum delay. This doesn’t change the note’s attack time, just the time interval between the Note On message and the start of the attack. The delay is measured in seconds.
Enable
This assigns a control source to activate or deactivate the layer. When the value of the assigned control source is between the minimum and maximum thresholds set by the Sense (S) parameter, the layer is active. When the value of the assigned control source is below the minimum or above the maximum, the layer is inactive. By default, many layers have the Enable parameter set to ON, so the minimum and maximum thresholds don’t matter. They’re relevant only when Enable is set to a specific control source (like MWheel).
Some local control sources (KeyNum and AttVel, for example) are not valid for the Enable parameter. In these cases, you should use the global equivalent (GKeyNum and GAttVel in this example).
Enable Sense (S)
This parameter determines how and when a layer is enabled by the control source assigned for the Enable parameter. Enable Sense has three values: orientation, minimum, and maximum.
Suppose for a moment that you’re editing a program, and in the current layer you’ve set the value of Enable to MWheel, which causes the Mod Wheel to control whether the layer is active. The default values for Enable Sense are as follows: orientation is Norm; minimum is 64, and maximum is 127. This means that when the Mod Wheel is less than halfway up, the layer is disabled. The layer plays only when the Mod Wheel is more than halfway up.
Change the orientation to Rvrs, and the layer plays only when the Mod Wheel is less than halfway up. Change the orientation back to Norm, and change the minimum to 127. Now the layer plays only when the Mod Wheel is all the way up.
You could use this parameter to set up a two‐layer program that would let you use a MIDI control to switch between layers, say a guitar sound and a distorted guitar. Both layers would have their Enable parameters set to the same control source, say MWheel. One layer would have its Enable Sense orientation set to Norm, and the other would have it set to Rvrs. Both layers would have their Enable Sense minimums set to 64, and their maximums to 127. The first layer would play when your Mod Wheel was above its midpoint, and the second layer would play when the Mod Wheel was below its midpoint. (You could achieve the same effect by having the Enable Sense orientation in both layers set to Norm, and the minimum and maximum values set as follows: minimum 0 and maximum 63 for one layer; minimum 64 and maximum 127 for the other.)
Using this parameter in conjunction with the Enable parameter, you can easily create velocity‐
switching for as many layers as you have in your program. This is useful for drum programs, since you can define a different velocity‐trigger level for each of the 32 layers available in drum programs.
First, set the Enable parameter for the Layer 1 to a value of GAttVel (global attack velocity). This causes the layer to play based on the attack velocity of your keystrokes. Then set the Enable Sense (S) parameter to a value of Norm, and adjust its minimum and maximum values (the two numerals to the right of Norm) to a narrow range. Don’t use negative values, since they don’t apply when you’re using GAttVel as the layer enabler.
6-19
Program Mode
The LAYER Page
Repeat this for each layer in the program. Bear in mind that if you want to set up 32 different velocity levels for a program, with equal intervals between each layer, then you have a range of 4 for each level (Layer 1 is 0–3, Layer 2 is 4–7, and so on). It won’t be easy to play precisely enough to trigger the layer you want. On the other hand, if you’re using Song mode or an external sequencer, you can edit attack velocity levels, and get exactly the results you want.
Opaque
An opaque layer blocks all higher‐numbered layers in its range, allowing only the opaque layer to play. This is an easy way to change a small range of notes in a program, leaving the original sound playing above and below the new sound.
Start with a one‐layer program, and create a new layer (Layer 2) with the NewLyr soft button. On the KEYMAP page for Layer 2, select the keymap you want to use, then on the LAYER page, set Layer 2’s range (say, C 3 to D 3), and set its Opaque parameter to On. Then go to Layer 1, and duplicate it (with the DupLyr soft button); the duplicate layer becomes Layer 3. You now have a three‐layer program. Delete Layer 1 (the original layer); Layer 2 (the new layer you created) becomes Layer 1, and Layer 3 becomes Layer 2. Now Layer 2 blocks out Layer 3 (the duplicate of the original layer) at the notes C 3–D 3.
Sustain Pedal (SusPdl)
When this parameter is on, the layer will respond to all sustain messages (Controller destination 64, Sustain). When off, the current layer will ignore sustain messages. On2 means that the sustain pedal will not catch the release of a note that is still sounding when the sustain message is received; this can be very useful in a program that uses amplitude envelopes with a long release time.
Sostenuto Pedal (SosPdl)
When Sostenuto is on, the layer will respond to all sostenuto messages (Controller destination 66, Sostenuto). When off, the layer ignores sostenuto messages. Sostenuto, as you may know, is a feature found on pianos that have three pedals. Pressing the Sostenuto pedal on a piano (usually the middle pedal) sustains the notes whose keys you were holding down when you pressed the pedal. Notes played after the pedal is already down do not get sustained.
Freeze Pedal (FrzPdl)
This parameter activates or deactivates the layer’s response to Freeze pedal messages (Controller destination 69, Freeze). The Freeze pedal control causes all notes that are on to sustain without decay until the Freeze pedal control goes off. If a note is already decaying, it will freeze at that level.
Ignore Release (IgnRel)
When IgnRel is off, the layer responds normally to Note Off messages. When on, the layer will ignore all Note Off messages that it receives. This should be used only with sounds that decay to silence when a note is held, otherwise the sounds will sustain forever (press the Cancel and Enter buttons simultaneously to stop sustained notes.) This parameter can come in handy when your PC3 is slaved to a drum machine or sequencer, which sometimes generates Note Ons and Note Offs so close together that the envelope doesn’t have time to play before the note is released. If used in combination with ThrAtt or TilDec (see below,) IgnRel allows you play staccato, yet still hear the entire length of the attack and decay sections of the amplitude envelope.
6-20
Program Mode
The PITCH Page
Hold Through Attack (ThrAtt)
When on, this parameter causes all notes in the layer to sustain through the entire first attack segment of their amplitude envelopes, even if the notes have been released. If you have a sound with a slow attack, or an attack that’s delayed with the delay control, setting this parameter to On will make sure your notes reach full amplitude even if you’re playing fast. When set to Off, notes will release as soon as you release the note (generate a Note Off). If the first attack segment of the layer’s amplitude envelope is very short, you probably won’t notice a difference between values of On and Off.
Hold Until Decay (TilDec)
When on, this parameter causes all notes in the layer to sustain through all three attack segments in their amplitude envelopes even if the notes have been released. Looped amplitude envelopes will not loop, however, if the notes are released before reaching the end of the final attack segment. Notes will go into their normal releases if they are released after the envelope has looped. When set to Off, notes will release as soon as a Note Off message is generated.
The PITCH Page
Pressing the PITCH soft button takes you to the DSPCTL page with the Pitch function highlighted. See The DSP Control (DSPCTL) Page on page 6‐29 for more information on the Pitch function.
The AMP Page
Pressing the AMP soft button takes you to the DSPCTL page with the Amp function (labeled as “Level”) highlighted. See The DSP Control (DSPCTL) Page on page 6‐29 for more information on the Amp function.
6-21
Program Mode
The Algorithm (ALG) Page
The Algorithm (ALG) Page
Press the ALG soft button to call up the Algorithm (ALG) page. The top line of the display gives you the usual mode reminder, and tells you which layer you’re looking at, as well as how many layers are in the current program. You can view the ALG pages of any other layers in the program by using the Chan/Layer buttons.
The basic definition: an algorithm is the “wiring” (signal path) of a sample to the audio outputs, through a series of digital signal processing (DSP) functions that you select. The PC3’s algorithms are the core of Variable Architecture Synthesis Technology. The DSP functions are synthesis tools (filters, oscillators, etc.) that you assign to the various stages of the algorithm. The DSP functions you choose determine the type of synthesis you use.
The central portion of the page shows the algorithm for the currently selected layer. You see the number of the algorithm (from 1 to 28, 101 to 131, and the IDs for any user‐defined algorithms) and a graphic representation of the signal path, as well as the currently selected DSP functions within the signal path.
To use a different algorithm, select the Algorithm parameter and use any data entry method to select a different one. To change the DSP function within an algorithm, move the cursor to the block you want to change, then use the Alpha Wheel or Plus/Minus buttons. There’s a staggering number of combinations of algorithms and DSP functions alone, not to mention the numerous controls that can be used to modify the DSP functions.
Note: Changing a layer’s algorithm can affect the layer’s sound drastically. It’s a good idea to bring down the volume of your PC3 or your sound system before changing algorithms.
See Algorithm Basics below for information on editing algorithms.
6-22
Program Mode
The Algorithm (ALG) Page
Algorithm Basics
Each of the 59 available algorithms represents a preset signal path. With our new Dynamic VAST feature, you can edit any preset signal path and make your own, unique algorithms, but that will be explained further on in this section. Take a look at Algorithm 1 in the diagram below. It’s one of the simplest algorithms.
The DSP functions are represented by the rectangular blocks. The lines connecting the blocks together indicates the flow of the digital signal from left to right; they represent what we call the “wire” of the algorithm: the actual physical path that the signal follows through the algorithm. Selecting different algorithms can be compared to connecting different DSP functions with different wiring diagrams.
Think of the left side of each block as its input, and the right side as its output. Depending on the algorithm, the signal may split into two wires, enabling part of the signal to bypass certain portions of the algorithm. Split wires may rejoin within the algorithm, or they may pass all the way through as split signals. If the last block has two wires at its output, we call it a double‐
output algorithm. If it has one wire, it’s a single‐output algorithm, even if there are two wires in earlier portions of the algorithm.
Each block of the algorithm represents a certain function in the signal path. In every non‐
cascaded algorithm (see Alt Input for Algorithms (Cascade Mode) below), the signal flows first through a one‐stage DSP function that controls the pitch of the samples in the keymap (this function is represented as a block labeled PITCH in the upper right‐hand corner of the display). In fact, the first DSP function in each algorithm always controls pitch, even though it doesn’t apply in every instance and, as will be explained later in this section, it is bypassed in cascaded algorithms. Similarly, the last DSP function always controls the final amplitude of the signal (this function is represented as a block labeled AMP in the upper right‐hand corner of the display).
The number of function‐parameters a DSP function can have depends on the relative size of its function‐block on the Algorithm page (four slots is the largest block size.) For instance, a function‐block that is three slots long can have up to three function‐parameters, whereas a function‐block that is two slots long can have up to two function‐parameters. For each function‐
parameter, there’s a corresponding “subpage” on both the DSPCTL and DSPMOD pages. On the DSPCTL subpages, there are fine adjust and hard‐wired parameters with which you can make fixed adjustments to the function‐parameter. On the DSPMOD subpages, there are programmable parameters that you can assign to any control source in the Controller List to modulate the function‐parameter. The above italicized parameter‐types are described in Common DSP Control Parameters on page 6‐24. More information on the subpages can be found in The DSP Control (DSPCTL) Page on page 6‐29 and The DSP Modulation (DSPMOD) Page on page 6‐30.
Highlighting any of the function‐blocks on the ALG page and pressing the Edit button takes you to the DSPCTL page.
6-23
Program Mode
The Algorithm (ALG) Page
Common DSP Control Parameters
The type of DSP function available for any function block depends on the algorithm. Some of the specialized functions like the PANNER are always located just before the final AMP function. Others, like the two‐input functions, appear only in algorithms that are structured for two‐input functions.
You can change the nature of each layer of a program simply by assigning different DSP functions to the layer’s algorithm. Your level of control goes much deeper than that, however. Each DSP function has one or more parameters to which you can patch a variety of control sources to modify the behavior of the DSP functions themselves.
The parameters on the various control‐input pages are very similar; in fact, there are six parameters that appear on almost every page. Consequently we refer to them as the common DSP control parameters. Although the parameters on the control‐input pages differ slightly from function to function, you can expect to see some or all of the common DSP control parameters whenever you select the control‐input page for any of the DSP functions.
You’ll recognize the common DSP control parameters, along with several other parameters. Keep in mind that there’s a set of common control parameters for each of the DSP functions; in this case we’re describing them only as they apply to the pitch control function.
Function-parameter
Unlike the other five common DSP parameters, the function‐parameters are accessible on both the DSPCTL page and the DSPMOD page. They are listed along the left‐hand side of each page; any changes made to them on one page are reflected in the other. The label of each function‐
parameter depends on its function in the current program’s algorithm. For example, the Pitch function’s function‐parameter is labeled Pitch; whereas the two‐block Lopass function’s function‐parameters are labeled LP Frq and LP Res.
By adjusting the function‐parameter, you can add a fixed amount of adjustment to any DSP function. For the Pitch function, adjusting the function‐parameter will change the pitch in semitone increments. Use this as a starting point to set the pitch where you want it to be normally. This will shift the pitch of the currently selected layer, and will affect the playback rate of sampled sounds. Sampled sounds have an upper limit on pitch adjustment. It’s normal for the pitches of sampled sounds to “pin” (stop getting higher) when you adjust the pitch upward in large amounts. The oscillator waveforms can be pitched higher. Any sound can be pitched downward without limit.
6-24
Program Mode
The Algorithm (ALG) Page
The primary use of adjusting the function‐parameter or fine adjust parameter (which will be explained under the next heading) is to offset the cumulative effects of the other DSP function parameters. For example, you might set a high value for key tracking (defined below) for a dramatic change in effect across the keyboard. The effect might be too much at one end of the keyboard, however, so you could use one of the adjust parameters to reduce the initial amount of that effect.
The PC3 always uses real values of measurement, rather than just arbitrary numbers, for adjustable parameters. This means that you specify pitch in semitones (ST) and cents (ct), and amplitude in decibels (dB).
Remember that the parameters on the control‐input pages are cumulative—they can add to or subtract from the effects of the other parameters on the page, depending on their values. For example, even if you’ve adjusted the pitch of a sample so high that it pins, the effects of the other parameters may bring the pitch back down to a workable range.
Fine Adjust Parameter
You can add slight detuning to the pitch with the fine adjust parameters. Notice that there are actually two fine adjust parameters for the Pitch function: one that changes the pitch in cents (100ths of a semitone), and one that changes it according to its frequency (in increments of Hertz—cycles per second). Since we’re discussing the universal control sources here, and not specifically pitch, we’ll move on for now, as the Hz parameter applies only to pitch‐related functions. See The PITCH Page on page 6‐21 for a more thorough description of Hz.
Hard-wired Parameters
Key Tracking
This is a quick way to get additional control based on the MIDI note number of each note you trigger. Key tracking applies a different control signal value for each note number. In the case of pitch, key tracking enables you to change the tuning of each note relative to its normal pitch.
Middle C is the zero point. Regardless of the key tracking value, there is no effect on Middle C. If you set a nonzero value for key tracking, the effect increases for each note above or below Middle C. In the case of pitch, for example, say you assign a value of 5 cents per key for the key tracking parameter. Triggering Middle C (C 4 on the PC3) will play a normal C 4. Triggering C# 4 will play a note 5 cents higher than C# 4. Triggering D 4 will play a note 10 cents higher than D 4, and so on. Notes below Middle C will be tuned lower than their normal pitches. If you set a negative value for key tracking, notes above Middle C will be tuned lower than their normal pitches.
Keep in mind that key tracking on the PITCH page works in conjunction with the key tracking parameter on the KEYMAP page. This is why you can set the KeyTrk parameter on the PITCH page to 0ct/key, and notes still increase in pitch by 100 cents/key as you go up the keyboard. It’s because the KeyTrk parameter on the KEYMAP page is already set at 100 cents per key.
Velocity Tracking
A positive value for velocity tracking will raise the pitch as you trigger notes with higher attack velocities. This is great for getting a trace of detuning based on your attack velocity, especially in drum programs, where you can make the pitch of the drum samples rise slightly with higher‐
velocity Note Ons, just as drums do when you strike them harder. Negative values will lower the pitch as you increase the attack velocity.
6-25
Program Mode
The Algorithm (ALG) Page
Programmable Parameters
Source 1 (Src1)
This parameter takes its value from a long list of control sources including every MIDI control number, a host of LFOs, ASRs, envelopes and other programmable sources.
Src1 works in tandem with the parameter beneath it on the page: Depth. Choose a control source from the list for Src1, then set a value for Depth. When the control source assigned to Src1 is at its maximum, the pitch will be altered to the full depth you set. For example, if you set Src1 to MWheel, and set Depth to 1200 ct, the pitch will rise as you push the Mod Wheel up on your PC3 or MIDI controller, reaching a maximum of 1200 ct (12 semitones, or one octave).
Source 2 (Src2)
This one’s even more programmable. Like Src1, you choose a control source from the list. But instead of setting a fixed depth, you can set a minimum and maximum depth, then assign another control source to determine how much depth you get. Try this example. (Make sure Src1 is set to OFF first, so the two sources don’t interact.) Start with Program 199, and press Edit. Press the PITCH soft button to select the PITCH page. Set the Src2 parameter to a value of LFO1, then set the Minimum Depth parameter to 100 ct, and Maximum Depth to 1200 ct. Then set the Depth Control parameter to MWheel. This lets you use the Mod Wheel to vary the depth of the oscillation in pitch generated by the LFO.
Now, when the Mod Wheel is down, the pitch will oscillate between a semitone (100 ct) up and a semitone down (the default waveform for LFO1 is a sine wave, which goes positive and negative). With the Mod Wheel up, the pitch will oscillate between an octave up and an octave down.
Since the Mod Wheel is a continuous control, you can achieve any amount of depth control between the minimum and maximum. If you had set the Depth Control to Sustain, for example, then you’d get only two levels of depth control: the maximum (1200 cents) with your MIDI controller’s sustain pedal down, or the minimum (100 cents) with the sustain pedal up.
6-26
Program Mode
The Algorithm (ALG) Page
Alt Input for Algorithms (Cascade Mode)
Cascade mode is a particularly powerful feature of the PC3 that allows you to create unique algorithms of previously unattainable levels of complexity. The following three figures show the signal path of a program configured using the PC3’s new Cascade mode:
On the ALG (Algorithm) page of every layer, the Alt Input parameter lets you select any other layer to go through the current layer’s DSP. You can set it up so that layer 1 goes into layer 2 into 3 (as shown above). If you turn down the volume on layers 1 and 2, then you are hearing true cascading—it’s like a big chain with each algorithm feeding into the next, and what you hear is layer 3’s output. You can also have the volumes of all three layers turned up, which will mix the signal of all three layers. You could, in the same program, also decide to run layer 4 into 5 into 6 into 13 into 25 if you wanted. Any of the 32 layers can go into any other layer.
6-27
Program Mode
The Algorithm (ALG) Page
The Cascade mode algorithms (very much like triple mode on a K2600) start at ID 101. Note in the above figures how algorithm 101 looks very similar to algorithm 1. Each Cascade mode algorithm corresponds to its non‐cascade equivalent, which has the same ID number minus 100. For example, algorithm 105 is a cascade mode version of algorithm 5. On the Alg page, select which layer you want to have running through your cascade layer with the Alt Input parameter. Make sure to turn down the Amp volume on your source layers if you only want to hear whatʹs coming out of the final cascade layer.
Dynamic VAST
The Dynamic VAST editor is yet another particularly powerful feature of the PC3 that allows you to edit the wiring of an algorithm. With Dynamic VAST, literally thousands of wiring schemes are possible. Using Cascade mode in conjunction with Dynamic VAST gives you almost infinite control over your program’s sound and behavior by enabling you to create your own unique, complex algorithms.
To enter the Dynamic VAST editor, select the ALG (Algorithm) page by pressing the ALG soft button. Highlight the Algorithm parameter, select an algorithm, and press the edit button. This action calls up the Edit Algorithm (EditAlg) page in which you can edit the wiring of the selected algorithm.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Inputs
1, 2
1
Outputs
1, 2
1
Number of Blocks
1 to 4
2
Output Mode
Normal, Sep. L/R
Normal
In addition to having a selectable function, each function block has three editable parameters: number of inputs, number of outputs, and block size (the Output Mode parameter is an editable parameter of the algorithm as a whole). When you first enter the EditAlg page, there will be a cursor in the parameter field, and the first block of the algorithm will be highlighted. To select a block for editing, move the cursor down the display until no parameter field is highlighted; then, using the < and > buttons, highlight the block you wish to edit. Press the ^ button to move the cursor back into the parameter fields, and then select the parameter you wish to edit.
The Output Mode parameter determines the number of outputs from the algorithm. With Output Mode set to Normal, the algorithm has one output. With Output Mode set to Sep. L/R, the algorithm has two outputs, each of which is sent to a separate stereo channel.
To edit the signal path, select either an input of a block or an output of the entire algorithm. By scrolling with Alpha Wheel or the ‐ and + buttons, you can see every possible configuration for that selected signal path.
6-28
Program Mode
The DSP Control (DSPCTL) Page
The DSP Control (DSPCTL) Page
Before reading further, be sure to read Algorithm Basics on page 6‐23 and Common DSP Control Parameters on page 6‐24.
Press the DSPCTL soft button to call up the DSP Control (DSPCTL) page, which is displayed below:
Function
Pitch
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Pitch
-128 to 127 semitones
0
Fine Adjust
± 100 cents
0
Hertz Adjust
± 10.00 Hertz
0
Key Tracking
± 2400 cents/key
0
Velocity Tracking
± 7200 cents
0
(Function)
(Function-Parameter)
(Depends on Function)
(Depends on Function)
(Function)
(Function-Parameter)
(Depends on Function)
(Depends on Function)
(Function)
(Function-Parameter)
(Depends on Function)
(Depends on Function)
(Function)
Level
(Function-Parameter)
(Depends on Function)
(Depends on Function)
Level
-96 to 24 decibels
-6
Key Tracking
± 2.00 decibels/key
0
Velocity Tracking
± 96 decibels
35
Each field in the left‐hand column of the page is a function‐parameter of the current layer’s algorithm. You can coarsely adjust the function‐parameter in these left‐hand fields—as noted in Common DSP Control Parameters, any adjustments made to the function‐parameters on the DSPCTL page are reflected in the corresponding function‐parameters on the DSPMOD page. The right‐hand side of the DSPCTL page is the subpage of the highlighted function‐parameter—
on the subpage are the fine adjust parameters and hard‐wired parameters. To access the parameters on the subpage, highlight the function‐parameter you wish to edit, and then press the > button to move the cursor into the subpage.
6-29
Program Mode
The DSP Modulation (DSPMOD) Page
The label of a function‐parameter depends on its corresponding function‐block in the current layer’s algorithm. The above DSPCTL page corresponds to the following algorithm:
The DSP Modulation (DSPMOD) Page
Before reading further, be sure to read Algorithm Basics on page 6‐23 and Common DSP Control Parameters on page 6‐24.
Press the DSPMOD soft button to call up the DSP Modulation (DSPMOD) page, which is displayed below:
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Source 1
Control Source List
Off
Depth
(Depends on Function)
0
Source 2
Control Source List
Off
Depth Control
Control Source List
Off
Minimum Depth
(Depends on Function)
0
Maximum Depth
(Depends on Function)
0
Each field in the left‐hand column of the page is a function‐parameter of the current layer’s algorithm. You can coarsely adjust the function‐parameter in these left‐hand fields—as noted in Common DSP Control Parameters, any adjustments made to the function‐parameters on the DSPMOD page are reflected in the corresponding function‐parameters on the DSPCTL page. The right‐hand side of the DSPCTL page is the subpage of the highlighted function‐parameter—
on the subpage are the programmable parameters. To access the parameters on the subpage, highlight the function‐parameter you wish to edit, and then press the > button to move the cursor into the subpage.
6-30
Program Mode
The OUTPUT Page
Each function‐parameter’s subpage contains the programmable parameters of the highlighted function‐parameter. By assigning control sources to modulate a function‐parameter, you can enable real‐time control of your program’s sound and behavior. You can assign Src1 to any control source, and can specify its maximum value with the Depth parameter. Src2 is different—
you can assign it to any control source, but can also assign a control source to its maximum value with the DptCtl parameter. You can then specify the range of Src2’s depth with the MinDepth and MaxDepth parameters.
Note: The PC3 features an easy shortcut for quickly assigning any of the PC3’s realtime controllers (sliders, wheels, buttons, etc.) to a currently selected parameter (such as the Src1 and Src2 parameters above.) Simply hold the Enter button and move the desired controller.
The label of a function‐parameter depends on its corresponding function‐block in the current layer’s algorithm. The above DSPMOD page corresponds to the following algorithm:
The OUTPUT Page
Press the OUTPUT soft button to get to the OUTPUT page, where you set the layer’s pre‐ and post‐FX panning. There are actually four different configurations of the OUTPUT page; which one you see depends on whether the current layer uses a stereo keymap, and whether it uses program FX or layer‐specific effects (more on this in The Program FX (PROGFX) Page on page 6‐47 and The Layer FX (LYR_FX) Page on page 6‐49).
Regardless of the page’s configuration, there are parameters for adjusting the pan position, the pan mode, the pan table (if any), the crossfade control, and the crossfade sense. Layers that use stereo keymaps, or that use layer‐specific FX, have additional parameters on their OUTPUT pages. The following page is for a mono keymap program that uses program FX:
6-31
Program Mode
The OUTPUT Page
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Pan (or Pan 1)
± 64
0
(Pan 2)
± 64
63
Pan Mode
Fixed, +MIDI, Auto, Reverse
+MIDI
(Output Pan)
± 64
0
(Output Gain)
-96 to 48 decibels
0
(Output Pan Mode)
Fixed, +MIDI
+MIDI
Pan Table
Pan Table List
0 None
Crossfade Control
Control Source List
Off
Crossfade Sense
Normal, Reversed
Norm
Drum Remap
Off, Kurz1, Kurz2
Off
Exclusive Zone Map
Zone Map List
0 None
Pan
Use this parameter to position the current layer’s pre‐FX signal. Negative values pan the signal to the left channel, positive values pan to the right, and a value of zero pans to the center. To adjust the post‐FX, final‐stage gain and panning of the current program, go to the COMMON page and adjust the Output parameters (see The COMMON Page on page 6‐35); or to adjust a layer’s post‐FX audio signal individually, go to the LYR_FX page and set the Layer FX Mode parameter to Layer‐Specific FX (see The Layer FX (LYR_FX) Page on page 6‐49), and then return to the OUTPUT page and adjust the output parameters.
An additional pan parameter (Pan2) appears if you have the Stereo parameter on the KEYMAP page set to a value of On.
Pan Mode
When the mode is Fixed the pan position remains as defined with the Pan parameter, ignoring MIDI pan messages. When the mode is +MIDI, MIDI pan messages (MIDI 10) will shift the sound to the left or right of the Pan parameter setting. Message values below 64 shift it left, while those above 64 shift it right. A setting of Auto assigns the pan setting of each note based on its MIDI note number. In this case, Middle C (MIDI note number 60) is equivalent to the Pan parameter’s setting. Lower notes shift increasingly left, while higher notes shift increasingly right. A setting of Reverse shifts low notes right, and high notes left. MIDI pan messages will also affect the pan position when values of Auto and Reverse are selected.
6-32
Program Mode
The OUTPUT Page
Output: Pan, Gain, and Mode
When the Layer FX Mode parameter is set to Layer‐Specific FX on the LYR_FX page, three additional parameters appear on the OUTPUT page: Out Pan, Out Gain, and Out Pan Mode.
These parameters are analogous to the output parameters on the COMMON page, but are layer‐
specific—the COMMON output parameters apply to all layers. You can use the output parameters on the OUTPUT page to adjust the panning and gain of the post‐FX signal of the current layer.
Pan Table
The factory preset pan tables are key‐specific panning schemes by which the note that each key produces is uniquely panned. These tables are particularly useful for producing the stereo image of a drum set when creating percussion programs, or for producing the stereo image of a piano when creating piano programs.
Crossfade and Crossfade Sense (XFadeSense)
The Crossfade parameter lets you select a control source to fade the current layer’s amplitude from zero to maximum. When XFadeSense is Normal, the layer is at full amplitude when the Crossfade control is at minimum. With XFadeSense set to Reverse, the layer is at zero amplitude when the Crossfade control is at minimum.
This parameter is similar to the Src1 and Depth parameters for the Amp function on the DSPCTL and DSPMOD pages, but the attenuation curve for the Crossfade parameter is optimized specifically for crossfades.
To crossfade two layers in the same program, assign the same control source for the CrossFade parameters in both layers, then set one of their XFadeSense parameters to a value of Norm, and the other’s to Rvrs.
Drum Remap
The Drum Remap parameter should generally not be changed. This parameter lets the PC3 know how drum programs are mapped so that drum sounds can be properly remapped when using the General MIDI (GM) drum map (see below.) Kurz1 designates that the current drum program was originally a PC2 program, and that it uses the PC2 drum map (programs 113‐119 use this map.) Kurz2 designates that the current drum kit uses the new PC3 drum map (all other factory drum programs use this map: 120, 241‐248, 369‐376.) The new drum map is similar to that of the PC2, except tom‐tom sounds have been moved into octave C3‐C4, so they are more easily playable with the main kick and snare drum sounds in that octave. When editing a kit, 6-33
Program Mode
The OUTPUT Page
make sure to follow the layout of the drum map being used if you want to be able to properly remap the kit to the GM drum map. Programs that have the Drum Remap parameter set to Off will not be viewed by the PC3 as drum programs and will not be affected when remapping to the GM drum map.
In most keyboards and synthesizers, drum programs are mapped as dictated by the General MIDI (GM) industry standard. The GM drum map isn’t optimally intuitive in terms of playability, so we developed our own unique keymap that is more intuitive and lends better to performance. However, the GM drum map is so commonplace that many players feel most comfortable playing drum programs with the GM drum map. So, we designed the PC3 such that you can remap drum programs to the GM drum map. You can set drum programs to remap to the GM drum map in Master Mode. On the Master Mode MAIN page set the drum remap parameter to GM. To return drum programs to their original maps, set this parameter to None. See Drum Remap on page 11‐2 in the Master Mode chapter for more information.
Exclusive Zone Map
The Exclusive Zone Map is another parameter that applies principally to drum programs. When using a drum program, you may want the closed hi‐hat sounds to “cut off” open hi‐hat sounds. Since you can remap the keymaps of drum programs, this parameter remaps “cut off keys” accordingly.
Like Drum Remap, you can use this parameter on any program, but you probably won’t want to do this.
6-34
Program Mode
The COMMON Page
The COMMON Page
The COMMON page is reached by pressing the COMMON soft button in the Program Editor. Here’s where you find 12 frequently‐used parameters that affect the entire current program, not just the current layer.
Notice that when the Monophonic parameter is set to its default value of Off, the five monophonic parameters do not appear on the page.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Pitch Bend Range Up
± 7200 cents
200
Pitch Bend Range Down
± 7200 cents
-200
Monophonic
Off, On
Off
(Legato Play)
Off, On
Off
(Portamento)
Off, On
Off
(Portamento Rate)
1 to 3000 keys per second
70
(Attack Portamento)
Off, On
On
(Mono Sample XFade)
Off, On
Off
Globals
Off, On
Off
Output Gain
-96 to 24 decibels
0
Output Pan
± 64
0
Output Pan Mode
Fixed, +MIDI
+MIDI
Demo Song
Demo Song List
0 None
Pitch Bend Range Up and Down
Use these parameters to define how much the pitch will change when you move your Pitch Wheel. For both Pitch Bend Range parameters, positive values will cause the pitch to bend up, while negative values will cause the pitch to bend down. Large positive values can cause samples to bend to their maximum upward pitch shift before the Pitch Wheel is fully up (or down). This will not happen when bending pitch down.
Monophonic
When off, the program is polyphonic—it can play up to 128 notes at a time. Notice that when the Monophonic parameter is off, the LegatoPlay parameter and the three Portamento parameters do not appear on the COMMON page. This is because only monophonic programs can use portamento.
6-35
Program Mode
The COMMON Page
When On, the program will play only one note at a time. This makes it possible to use and to determine the behavior of the portamento feature. Do not set Ignore Release On (page 6‐20) when you are using Monophonic programs, since the lack of Note Off messages will prevent you from switching programs properly.
Legato Play
When Legato Play is on, a note will play its attack only when all other notes have been released. This is useful for realistic instrumental sounds.
Portamento
This parameter is either on or off. The default value of Off means that portamento is disabled for the current program.
Portamento is a glide between pitches. On actual acoustic instruments like violin and bass, it’s achieved by sliding a finger along a vibrating string. On most keyboards that offer portamento, it’s achieved by holding down a key that triggers the starting note, then striking and releasing other keys. The pitch glides toward the most recently triggered note, and remains at that pitch as long as the note remains on. The PC3 gives you two ways to get portamento. See the Attack Portamento parameter below.
When applying portamento to multi‐sampled sounds (Acoustic Guitar, for example), the PC3 will play more than one sample root as the pitch glides from the starting pitch to the ending pitch. This may cause a small click at each sample root transition. You can eliminate clicks by using the Mono Sample XFade parameter (see below.)
Portamento Rate
The setting for Portamento rate determines how fast the current note glides from starting pitch to ending pitch. The value of this parameter tells you how many seconds the note takes to glide one semitone toward the ending pitch. At a setting of 12 keys/second, for example, the pitch would glide an octave every second. The list of values is nonlinear; that is, the increments get larger as you scroll to higher values.
Attack Portamento
This parameter toggles between two types of portamento. When set to On, the PC3 remembers the starting pitch so you don’t have to hold a note on to achieve portamento. The pitch always glides to each new note from the previously triggered note. When set to Off, the pitch will glide to the most recently triggered note only when the previous note is still on (in other words, you must use legato fingering).
6-36
Program Mode
The COMMON Page
Mono Sample XFade
When applying portamento to multi‐sampled sounds (Acoustic Guitar, for example), the PC3 will play more than one sample root as the pitch glides from the starting pitch to the ending pitch. This may cause a small click at each sample root transition. You can eliminate clicks by setting the Mono Sample XFade parameter to On. When the Mono Sample XFade parameter is set to On, the PC3 performs a crossfade at each sample root transition to eliminate clicks.
Globals
This is another toggle, which affects LFO2, ASR2, FUNs 2 and 4. When off, these three control sources are local; they affect each individual note in the layers that use them as a control source. They begin operating each time a note in that layer is triggered.
When the Globals parameter is set to On, these control sources become global, that is they affect every note in every layer of the current program, they’re not specific to any one layer. When these control sources are global, they begin operating as soon as the program is selected. When Globals are on, LFO2, ASR2, and FUNs 2 and 4 will appear on their respective pages preceded by the letter G to indicate that they’re global.
You’ll use global control sources when you want to affect all notes in a program uniformly, and local control sources when you want to affect each note independently. For example, you’d use a global LFO controlling pitch to create a Leslie effect on an organ sound, since you want the effect applied to all the notes you play. You’d use a local LFO controlling pitch to create a vibrato for a solo violin, since you want to be able to vary the rate and depth of the vibrato for each note.
Output: Gain, Pan, and Pan Mode
The Output parameters on the COMMON page allow you to adjust the final‐stage gain and panning of the post‐FX signal. Use the OutGain parameter to cut or boost the signal. Use the OutPan parameter to pan the signal; negative values pan the audio signal to the left channel, positive values to the right, and a value of zero pans to the center.
When the OPanMode is set to Fixed the pan position remains as defined with the OutPan parameter, ignoring MIDI pan messages. When the OPanMode is set to +MIDI, MIDI pan messages (MIDI 10) will shift the sound to the left or right of the Pan parameter setting. Message values below 64 shift it left, while those above 64 shift it right.
Demo Song
The Demo Song parameter allows you to choose the demo song for the current program. The demo song is a short, pre‐programmed song that gives you a demonstration of the program in a musical context. You can play a program’s demo song in any page in the Program mode by pressing the Play/Pause button, and stop the song by pressing the Stop button (both buttons are located under the MODE buttons on the front panel).
When in the Program mode entry‐level page, you can hear a demo song in whatever program you want by pressing the Play/Pause button with one program selected, and then selecting another program. None of the KB3 programs have demo songs, but by this method, you could, for example, hear the demo song for program 83 Big Old Jupiter played with the KB3 program 53 Testify.
Note: You can also trigger and stop demo songs with a simultaneous double button press of the up and down cursor buttons.
6-37
Program Mode
The LFO Page
The LFO Page
LFOs are low‐frequency oscillators. LFOs are used to automate the modulation of a parameter based on the shape and frequency of an audio waveform. You’ll use the LFO page to define the behavior of the two LFOs available to each layer. LFOs are periodic (repeating) control sources. The basic elements are the rate, which defines how frequently the LFO repeats, and shape, which defines the waveform of the modulation signal it generates.
With the PC3, you can set upper and lower limits on each LFO’s rate, and assign a control source to change the LFO’s rate in realtime, if you wish.
Because of its periodic nature, the LFO is perfect for creating effects like vibrato (cyclic variation in pitch) and tremolo (cyclic variation in amplitude). When you’re editing LFOs, or any control source, remember that it must be assigned to control some parameter before you’ll hear the effects of your edits.
LFO1 is always local, meaning that it’s triggered with each Note On event, and runs independently for each note in the layer. LFO2 is local by default, but can be made global. This is done on the COMMON page, by setting the Globals parameter to On, which causes LFO2, ASR2, FUN2 and FUN4 all to become global. Global controls uniformly affect every note in each layer.
Parameter Group (Available
for each of LFO1 and LFO2)
6-38
Range of Values
Default
Minimum Rate
1/4 note, 1/8 note, 1/8 triplet, 1/16 note,
0 to 24 Hz
0.00
Maximum Rate
0 to 24 Hz
0.00
Rate Control
Control Source List
Off
LFO Shape
LFO Shape List (Ref. Guide)
Sine
LFO Start Phase
0, 90, 180, 270 Degrees
0
Program Mode
The LFO Page
Minimum Rate
This is the slowest rate at which the LFO runs. When its Rate Control is set to OFF, or when the control source assigned to it is at its minimum, the LFO runs at its minimum rate. As previously mentioned, the values 1/4 note, 1/8 note, 1/8 triplet, and 1/16 note sync the Minimum Rate with the PC3’s system tempo. Of course, if you choose to tempo sync your LFO, then the LFO rate is fixed, and you can specify neither Maximum Rate nor Rate Control. The display changes thusly:
Maximum Rate
This is the fastest possible rate for the LFO. When its Rate Control is set to ON, or when the control source assigned to it is at its maximum, the LFO runs at its maximum rate.
Rate Control
Assign any control source in the list to modulate the LFO’s rate between its minimum and maximum. A continuous control like the Mod Wheel is a natural choice, enabling you to get just about any rate between minimum and maximum. But you can use a switch control too, to get just the minimum or maximum with nothing in between. Assigning MPress (aftertouch) as the rate control for an LFO vibrato gives you an easy way to increase the vibrato rate in realtime, as you can on many acoustic instruments.
LFO Shape
The shape of the LFO waveform determines the nature of its effect on the signal its modulating. An easy way to check the effects of the different LFO shapes is to set LFO1 as the value for the Src1 parameter on the PITCH page, and set the Depth for Src1 to 400 cents or so. Then go to the LFO page, set the Min and Max rates for LFO1 at 0.00 Hz and 4.00 Hz or so, and set the Rate control to MWheel. Now play your MIDI controller and you’ll hear the LFO’s rate change when you move its Mod Wheel. Select different LFO Shapes and check out the effect on the pitch.
LFO Phase
Use this parameter to determine the starting point of the LFO’s cycle. One complete cycle of the LFO is 360 degrees. 0 degrees phase corresponds to a control signal value of 0, becoming positive. Each 90‐degree increment in the phase represents a quarter‐cycle of the LFO.
When an LFO is local, the phase parameter gives you control over the starting point of the LFO for each note (for example, you could make sure every vibrato started below the pitch you played instead of at the pitch you played). The LFO’s phase also affects global LFOs, although it’s often indistinguishable, since global LFOs start running as soon as the program containing them is selected, even if you don’t play any notes.
6-39
Program Mode
The ASR Page
The ASR Page
ASRs are three‐section unipolar envelopes—attack, sustain, and release. The PC3’s ASRs can be triggered by a programmable control source, and can be delayed. ASR1 is always a local control. ASR2 is local by default, but becomes global if the Globals parameter on the COMMON page is set to On. ASRs are frequently used to ramp the depth of pitch or amplitude in a vibrato or tremolo, enabling delays in those effects. The ASR page consists of two rows of five parameters, one row for each of the ASRs.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Trigger
Control Source List
Off
Mode
Normal, Hold, Repeat
Normal
Delay
0 to 30 seconds
0 seconds
Attack
0 to 30 seconds
0 seconds
Release
0 to 30 seconds
0 seconds
Trigger
This defines the control source that starts the current layer’s ASRs. The ASR starts when the trigger switches from off to on. If the Trigger parameter is set to ON, a global ASR starts running immediately when you select a program that contains it. A local ASR starts running as soon as you trigger a note in the layer that contains it. Switch controls are better suited for ASR triggers because of their binary (on/off) nature. A continuous control will trigger the ASRs when its signal value is above its midpoint.
Mode
This parameter sets the sustain section of the ASR. The ASR’s mode determines what the ASR does when it finishes its attack section. If the Mode parameter is set to Normal, the ASR will run directly from its attack section to its release section (no sustain). At a setting of Repeat, the ASR will cycle through the attack and release sections, then loop forward and cycle through again until the ASR’s trigger switches off. If the mode is set to Hold, the ASR maintains its position at the end of the attack section until the ASR’s trigger switches off. The ASR then goes into its release section. If the ASR’s trigger switches off before the attack section is complete, the ASR goes directly to its release section.
6-40
Program Mode
The Function (FUN) Page
Delay
When the ASR’s trigger switches on, the ASR will start immediately if this parameter is set to zero. Nonzero values will cause a corresponding delay between the ASR trigger and the start of the ASR.
Attack
This defines how long the ASR takes to ramp up from minimum to maximum effect on whatever it’s patched to.
Release
This defines how long the ASR takes to fade to minimum from its maximum. If the ASR’s trigger switches off before the ASR has reached maximum, the ASR releases from that level.
The Function (FUN) Page
FUN is short for function. The PC3’s four FUNs greatly extend the flexibility of the control sources. Each FUN accepts input from any two control sources, performs a selectable function on the two input signals, and sends the result as its output, which can be assigned like any other control source. Using the FUNs involves defining them on the FUN page, then assigning one or more of them as control sources. The FUN page looks like this:
There are three parameters for each FUN. Inputs a and b can be any control source from the Control Source list. The control sources you want to combine are the ones you’ll assign as the values for these parameters.
The Function parameter determines what mathematical function is applied to the two inputs. When a FUN has been assigned as a control source, the PC3 reads the values of the two control sources defined as Inputs a and b. It then processes them according to the setting for the Function parameter, and the resulting value is the FUN’s output.
6-41
Program Mode
The Amplitude Envelope (AMPENV) Page
The Amplitude Envelope (AMPENV) Page
Amplitude envelopes have three sections: attack, decay, and release. The attack section determines how long each note takes to reach its assigned amplitude level after you trigger a Note On event. The decay section determines how quickly and how much a sustained sound fades before a Note Off is triggered. The release section determines how quickly a sound fades to silence after a Note Off is triggered.
Press the AMPENV soft button to reach the Amplitude Envelope page. For many programs, it will look like the diagram below, which tells you that the amplitude envelope for the current layer is the sample’s default “natural” envelope. Many factory ROM programs use the natural envelope, which is custom designed for each sample and waveform during its original development process. A natural envelope usually contains more detail than a user envelope, and may make samples of acoustic instruments sound more realistic.
If you want to build your own amplitude envelope, just turn the Alpha Wheel a click. The value Natural will change to User, and a set of AMPENV parameters will appear. The sound will change when you do this, because the default settings for the User envelope, as shown in the diagram below, take effect as soon as you leave Natural mode. Returning to Natural mode applies the original amplitude envelope once again.
You’ll tweak the parameters on the AMPENV page when you want to shape the amplitude characteristics of your sounds. A graphic view of the amplitude envelope will appear on the display to give you a visual sense of the envelope’s characteristics. The dots along the envelope graphic indicate the breakpoints between the envelope’s various segments. The AMPENV page’s top line gives you the usual location reminder, points out the currently selected layer, and tells you the relative scale of the envelope’s graphic view. The envelope graphic shrinks in scale as the segment times get longer. This auto‐zoom feature maximizes the available display space. Try lengthening one of the segment times. The envelope graphic will stretch to fill the display from left to right. When it fills the display, it will shrink to half its size, and the top line will indicate that the scale has changed (from [1/1] to [1/2], for example).
6-42
Program Mode
The Amplitude Envelope (AMPENV) Page
Each parameter on this page has two values, as listed below. For the envelope segments, the first (upper) value is the duration of the segment, and the second is the amplitude level at the completion of the segment. For the Loop parameter, the values define how the envelope loops, and how many times the loop cycles.
Parameter Group
Attack Segment 1, 2, 3
Decay Segment
Release Segment 1, 2, 3
Loop
Parameter
Range of Values
Time
0 to 60 seconds
Level
0 to 100%
Time
0 to 60 seconds
Level
0 to 100%
Time
0 to 60 seconds
Level
0 to 150% (Release Segment
3 is always set to 0%)
Type
Off, Forward, Bidirectional
# of loops
Infinite, 1 to 31 times
Attack Segment Times
These indicate how long it takes for the current layer’s amplitude to reach its final level from its starting level.
Attack Segment Levels
These are the final levels that each segment achieves at completion. The levels are expressed as percentages of the maximum possible amplitude for the current layer. Attack segment 1 always starts at zero amplitude, and moves to its assigned level in the time specified by its time value. So the default settings of 0 seconds and 100% mean that the first segment of the attack section moves instantly from zero amplitude to 100% amplitude. Increase the time of Attack segment 1 if you want the sound to ramp up more slowly.
Attack segments 2 and 3 affect the sound only when you set a nonzero value for time. They will then move to their assigned levels in the time specified. Their starting levels are equal to the final levels of the preceding segment.
Decay Segment
The decay section has only one segment. It has values for time and level, just as for the attack section. The decay section begins as soon as the attack section has been completed. It starts at the same amplitude level as the attack segment preceding it, and moves to its assigned level in the time specified. You’ll hear a note’s decay section only when the attack section is completed before a Note Off message is generated for that note.
To create a sustaining envelope, simply set the Decay segment’s level to a nonzero value.
Release Segments
Like the attack and decay sections, each of the three segments in the release section has values for time and level. Each segment reaches its assigned level in the time specified for that segment. Release segment 1 starts at the Note Off event for each note, at the current amplitude level of that note—whether it’s in the attack section or the decay section. It then moves to its assigned level in the time specified. Release segments 2 and 3 start at the final levels of the segments 6-43
Program Mode
The Envelope 2 (ENV2) and Envelope 3 (ENV3) Pages
before them. Release segments 1 and 2 can be set to any level from 0 to 150%. Release segment 3 always has a level of 0%, so you can’t adjust its level. In place of its Level parameter you see a parameter that lets you toggle between User envelopes and the sound’s preprogrammed natural envelope.
Loop Type
There are seven different values for Loop type.
A value of Off disables looping for the current layer’s amplitude envelope.
Values of seg1F, seg2F, and seg3F are forward loops. In each case, the amplitude envelope plays through the attack and decay sections, then loops back to the beginning of the first, second, or third attack segments, respectively.
Values of seg1B, seg2B, and seg3B, are bidirectional loops. The amplitude envelope plays through the attack and decay sections, then reverses and plays backward to the beginning of the first, second, or third attack segment, respectively. When it reaches the beginning of the assigned attack segment, it reverses again, playing forward to the end of the decay section, and so on.
Number of Loops
A value of Inf makes the amplitude envelope loop until a Note Off is generated. Values of 1 through 31 indicate how many times the loop will repeat after the amplitude envelope has played once through its normal cycle.
Regardless of the loop type and the number of loops, each note goes into its release section as soon as its Note State goes off (that is, when a Note Off is generated). The envelope will continue to loop as long as Note State remains on, whether it’s held on by a pedal, by the IgnRel parameter (described in the section entitled The LAYER Page on page 6‐17), or anything else.
The Envelope 2 (ENV2) and Envelope 3 (ENV3) Pages
The PC3 offers two envelopes in addition to AMPENV. Like AMPENV, ENV2 and ENV3 can be assigned like any other control source. Unlike AMPENV, however, ENV2 and ENV3 can be bipolar. This means that you can set negative values for them. (Obviously, you can’t have an amplitude less than zero, so AMPENV is unipolar—the values range from either 0 to 100% or 0 to 150%.) A bipolar envelope controlling pitch, for example, could modulate the pitch both above and below its original level.
Another difference is that AMPENV always controls the amplitude of the layer, so even if you use it as a control source for other functions, it will still affect the layer’s amplitude. ENV2 and ENV3 affect only those layers that have them assigned as a control source. Also, AMPENV uses an exponential attack (the amplitude rises much faster at the end of the attack segment than it does at the beginning), while ENV2 and ENV3 use linear attacks (the attack segment increases at the same rate from start to finish).
6-44
Program Mode
The Envelope Control (ENVCTL) Page
The pages for Envelopes 2 and 3 are reached with the soft buttons ENV2 and ENV3. When you select these pages, you’ll find a display that looks very much like the AMPENV page. The only differences are that you can program an amount for Rel3; the Rel1 and Rel2 limits, which are ±100%; and in the envelope graphic, which has a dotted line running horizontally across the display. This is the zero level line; negative level values for the various envelope segments will cause the envelope graphic to dip below this line.
The Envelope Control (ENVCTL) Page
The Envelope Control page gives you realtime control over the rates of each section of the amplitude envelope for both natural and user envelopes (see The Amplitude Envelope (AMPENV) Page on page 6‐42.) Press the ENVCTL soft button to reach the ENVCTL page.
The display’s top line reminds you of the current layer. The column on the left lists the three section types of the amplitude envelope, and each corresponding line lists the values for the five DSP control parameters that are available for each section type. The DSP control parameters are: Adjust, Key tracking, Velocity tracking, and Source/Depth, which are listed at the top of each corresponding column. When AMPENV is set to User mode, the Attack and Release sections on this page apply to the attack and release sections on the AMPENV page. It’s important to keep in mind that the values for the various parameters are cumulative, meaning that if for example you set attack to be controlled by Keytrk and VelTrk, the resulting change on Attack would be affected by the combination of the values produced by KeyTrk and VelTrk. Also note that unlike previous Kurzweil models, ENVCTL does affect the attack sections of natural envelopes. Additionally, the bottom line of this page lets you make use of the Impact feature, which lets you boost or cut the amplitude of the first 20 milliseconds of a note’s attack. The parameters and values in the following parameters list (see below) apply to each of the three envelope sections—attack, decay, and release. We’ll describe them only once, since their functions are largely the same for each envelope section. The only difference is with velocity tracking, which is only available as a parameter to control attack sections of the amplitude envelope (however, you can assign attack velocity as the value for the Source parameter in each of the sections).
The values of each of these parameters multiply the rates of the envelope sections they control. Values greater than 1.000x make the envelope sections run faster (they increase the rate), while values less than 1.000x make the envelope sections run slower. Say for example that on the current layer’s AMPENV page you had set the Decay section’s time at 2.00 seconds, and its level at 0%. This sets the layer’s amplitude to fade to silence two seconds after the completion of the last attack segment. The decay time is two seconds; the decay rate is 50% per second. Now if you select the ENVCTL page and set the Decay Adjust parameter to a value of 2.000x, you’ve increased the decay rate by a factor of two, making it twice as fast. The rate increases to 100% per second, and the decay time is now one second instead of two.
6-45
Program Mode
The Envelope Control (ENVCTL) Page
Note: Since 0 multiplied by any number equals 0, the envelope parameters on this page will have no effect on any AMPENV sections set to 0 seconds. A way around this is to change any AMPENV sections set to 0 to 0.02 seconds.
Parameter Group (Available
for each of Att, Dec, Rel, Imp)
Range of Values
Adjust
0.018 to 50.000x (-24.0 to 24.0 dB for Imp)
Key Tracking
0.018 to 50.000x (-2.00 to 2.00 dB for Imp)
Velocity Tracking
0.018 to 50.000x (Not available for Dec or Rel; -24.0 to 24.0 dB for Imp)
Source
Control Source List
Depth
0.018 to 50.000x (-24.0 to 24.0 dB for Imp)
Adjust
This is the familiar Coarse adjust found on many other pages. Use it here to change the rate of one of the envelope sections without reprogramming the envelope itself. This parameter doesn’t give you realtime control over the envelope. It is, however, a good way to adjust the natural envelopes without switching to a User envelope and trying to approximate the Natural envelope.
Key Tracking
This uses the MIDI note number of each key as the control input for the current layer’s corresponding envelope section. When the value of this parameter is greater than 1.000x, notes above C 4 will make the envelope section run faster, while notes below C 4 will make it run slower. When the value of this parameter is less than 1.000x, notes above C 4 will make the envelope section run slower, and notes below C 4 will make it run faster. This gives you realtime envelope control right from your MIDI controller. You might use it, for example, to cause an acoustic guitar sound to decay quicker at the high end of the keyboard (set the key tracking to a positive value).
Velocity Tracking
Use your attack velocity as the control input for the current layer’s attack section (this parameter doesn’t apply to decay or release). When the value of this parameter is greater than 1.000x, attack velocities greater than 64 make the attack section run faster, and attack velocities below 64 make it run slower. This gives you realtime attack control over the envelope.
Source, Depth
These two parameters work together to let you assign a control like the Mod Wheel to affect the current layer’s amplitude envelope in realtime. The value of the Source parameter defines which control affects the envelope section, and the value of the Depth parameter defines how much the rate is multiplied when the control is at its maximum value, 127. No effect is had when the control is at its minimum value, 0, and Depth values are scaled for controller values in between.
Note: For each note triggered, you can only set the controller value that will scale the Depth parameter of an envelope section before that section of the envelope is triggered. For controllers assigned for Attack, the controller value used will be the last received before the note is triggered. For controllers assigned for Decay, the controller value used will be the last received before the final section of the attack envelope reaches its maximum amplitude. For controllers assigned for Release, the controller value used will be the last received before the note is released. To put it another way, for each envelope section, you cannot change the rate of a note’s envelope once that section of the envelope has been triggered.
6-46
Program Mode
The Program FX (PROGFX) Page
Impact
Impact can boost or cut note volume by up to 24 dB during the first 20 milliseconds of the attack of an envelope. This feature is an easy way to get more “thump” from your bass and drum sounds.
The Program FX (PROGFX) Page
Press the PROGFX soft button to call up the Program FX (PROGFX) page. This is the page that you will use to apply effects to a program, and to configure the routing of the various pre‐ and post‐FX audio signals. Effects chosen on this page affect every layer of the current program. The section The Layer FX (LYR_FX) Page on page 6‐49 contains information on using layer‐specific effects.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Insert
Chain List
0 None
Aux 1, Aux 2
Chain List
0 None
Output
Main, Sec.
Main
Auxiliary Send
Parameters
Aux Modulation
Aux Send (dB)
off, -95 to 24 decibels
0
Aux Send (%)
0 to 100%
0
Aux Pre/Post Insert
Post, Pre
Post
Type
dB, %
dB
Control Source List
On
On the PC3, a program can have up to 11 insert effects and 2 aux effects using up to 16 DSP “units.” An insert is essentially just an effect that you apply to a program or layer, while aux effects receive signal from all active programs’ aux sends. Note the 0/0 Units in the middle of the top line of the page. This figure indicates how many of the total units are being used by the highlighted insert; the left‐hand number is the size of the insert, and the right‐hand number is the total number of units being used by the program.
If you exceed the maximum number of DSP units, the PC3 will notify you that you have done so, and no effects will be applied to the program.
Insert
The Insert effect is the effects chain that is applied to the main audio bus.
Aux 1, Aux 2
The Aux effect is the effects chain that is applied to the selected auxiliary audio bus.
6-47
Program Mode
The Program FX (PROGFX) Page
Output
The Output specifies the analog output to which the selected bus is routed. Setting the Output to Main routes the signal of the selected bus to the main outputs. Setting the Output to Sec. routes the signal of the selected bus to the auxiliary outputs.
Auxiliary Send Parameters
The Auxiliary Send parameters determines the level of the program signal sent to the auxiliary effects chain.
Aux Send
The Aux Send parameter determines the level of the program signal sent to the auxiliary effects chain.
Pre/Post Insert
The Pre/Post Insert parameter determines the point at which the auxiliary effect is applied to the signal. When this parameter is set to Post, the PC3 applies the auxiliary effect to the signal post‐
insert, i.e., after the insert effect has been applied. When this parameter is set to Pre, the PC3 applies the auxiliary effect to the signal pre‐insert.
To hear a program put through two effects in series (i.e., through two cascaded effects), choose your desired effects for the Insert and either Aux (for whatever Aux you choose, the other should be set to 0 None), set each bus’ Output to Main, and set the Aux Send parameter to either 0 dB or 100%. Then, set the Pre/Post Insert parameter to Post.
To hear a program put through two effects in parallel (i.e., through two distinct effects), choose your desired effects for the Insert and either Aux (again, for whatever Aux you choose, the other should be set to 0 None), set each bus’ Output to Main, and set the Aux Send parameter to either 0 dB or 50%. Then, set the Pre/Post Insert parameter to Pre.
With respect to each other, the Auxes are always in parallel, that is, they cannot be cascaded.
Type
The Type parameter determines how the selected wet aux signal (i.e., with effects applied) is mixed into the final signal. Additionally, it determines the units in which the Aux Send parameter values are.
When Type is set to dB, the Aux Send parameter values are in units of decibels (dB). The value specified in the Aux Send parameter is the amount of program signal sent to the aux effects chain. To hear equal parts wet signal and dry signal (the signal with no effects applied) on the main audio output, set the main Insert effect to 0 None and the Insert Output to Main, and set the Aux 1 effect to your desired effect and the Aux 1 Output to Main. Then, set the Aux1 Send to 0dB. If you want only wet signal on the main audio output, set the main Insert Output to Sec.—
keep in mind that by this method, the dry signal is sent to the auxiliary audio outputs.
When Type is set to %, the Aux Send parameter values are in units of percent (%). The value specified in the Aux Send parameter is the percentage of which the wet auxiliary signal comprises the final signal—the insert signal comprises the rest of the final signal. To hear equal parts wet signal and dry signal on the main audio output, set the main Insert effect to 0 None and the Insert Output to Main, and set the Aux 1 effect to your desired effect and the Aux 1 Output to Main. Then, set the Aux1 Send to 50%. If you want to hear only the wet signal, set the Aux1 Send to 100%.
6-48
Program Mode
The Layer FX (LYR_FX) Page
Aux1 Mod, Aux2 Mod
The Aux Mod parameter gives you real‐time control over the amount of program signal sent to the aux effects chain. You can set the Aux Mod parameter to any PC3 control source. The amount that you specify for the Aux Send parameter is the maximum value that the Aux Mod control source can send—the minimum value is 0.
The Layer FX (LYR_FX) Page
Press the LYR_FX soft button to call up the Layer FX (LYR_FX) page. On this page, you can apply layer‐specific effects. There are three Layer FX Modes: Use Program FX, Layer‐Specific FX, and Use Another Layer’s FX.
Use Program FX Mode
With Use Program FX Mode selected, the current layer will use the effects configured on the Program FX (PROGFX) page. See The Program FX (PROGFX) Page on page 6‐47 for more information on program FX.
Layer-Specific FX Mode
With Layer‐Specific FX selected, you can configure the effects for the current layer. This mode’s parameters are similar to those of the PROGFX page. This mode is shown in the following display:
All of the Layer‐Specific FX mode parameters have the same functions and ranges of values as their corresponding parameters on the PROGFX page. See The Program FX (PROGFX) Page on page 6‐47 for more information on these parameters.
Use Another Layer’s FX Mode
With Use Another Layer’s FX selected, you can put the current layer through the effects of another layer. You can specify the layer through whose effects you wish to put the current layer.
6-49
Program Mode
The Controllers (CTLS) Page
The Controllers (CTLS) Page
Press the CTLS soft button to call up the CONTROLLERS page. The CONTROLLERS page shows a list of the PC3’s controllers (sliders, Mod wheel, switch, etc.,) which can be used to control program parameters. Use this page to set values for each controller that will be saved with the program (entry values.) When a program is loaded, the entry values on this page are sent to any program parameters that have been assigned to these controllers. For example, the electric piano program 25 WoodstockClunker has Tremolo Depth assigned to be controlled by the Mod Wheel. Turning up the Mod Wheel increases the Tremolo Depth and allows you to hear more of the Tremolo effect. If you look at the CONTROLLERS page for 25 WoodstockClunker, Modwheel (1) is set to 37. This means the Mod Wheel sends a value of 37 to set Tremolo Depth when the program is selected, allowing you to hear the Tremolo effect. If you do not want to hear the Tremolo effect when the program is selected, edit the program and use the CONTROLLERS page to set Modwheel (1) to 0, then save the program. For controllers that have an entry value set to None, no value is sent for that controller when a program is loaded. When and entry value of None is used, the value last used for that controller (in the previous program or setup) is used. To set a value of None, use the alpha wheel or ‐/+ buttons to scroll below 0, or use the alphanumeric pad to enter ‐1, then press the Enter button.
Controller
Range of Values
Default Value
Slider A (6)...Breath (2)
None, 0-127
0
Switch 2 (29)
None, 0, 127
0
You can automatically set the values on the CONTROLLERS page to the physical controllers current values by using the SetCtl soft button (located to the right of the CTLS soft button.) The SetCtl soft button captures the positions of the controllers listed on the page. Note: If you change programs, and then press the SetCtl soft button before moving any of the controllers, the parameters on the CONTROLLERS page will remain at their previously set values.
The number in parentheses that appears next to each controller name is the MIDI controller number that each controller transmits by default, i.e., with the Control Setup set to 126 Internal Voices on the MIDI mode Transmit page. See Control Setup on page 6‐9 for details.
6-50
Program Mode
INFO
INFO
Press the INFO soft button to go to the INFO page where you can edit the controller assignment info for the current program. Each info entry is a description of a program parameter that you have assigned to be controlled by a physical controller or MIDI CC number. Info can be viewed from the Program mode or Setup mode main page by pressing the Info soft button. If the Display parameter is set to Ctls on the Master Mode MAIN page, controllers with info text will show the info on the left side of the Program mode or Setup Mode main page when moved (see Display on page 11‐3 for details.) On the INFO page, use the Chan/Layer buttons to scroll through the current program’s list of controller assignment info. Each assignment info entry has a MIDI controller number and a Text parameter to describe what the assignment controls. One info entry can be made for each MIDI CC number.
To edit the text of a controller assignment, press the Text soft button. To create a new controller assignment info entry, press the New soft button (you will be prompted for a MIDI controller number.) To create a new controller assignment info entry with the same text as the current info entry, press the Dup soft button (you will be prompted for a new MIDI controller number, only one info entry can be made for each MIDI CC number.) To delete the current controller assignment info entry, press the Delete soft button (you will be prompted to confirm or cancel.) To return to the program editor press the Done soft button or the Exit button. See Export on page 13‐13 for details on exporting program info.
Automatic Info Creation
Note: The following does not apply to controller assignments made for effects within the Chains editor. Info text for Chains must be manually created using the INFO page in the Chains Editor.
When assigning a controller to a parameter on any of the Program Editor pages, an Info text entry is automatically created. An i appears on the top line of the page to indicate that Info text has been created. If you return the controller assignment to OFF, the i disappears, indicating that the Info text has been removed (unless you have gone to the INFO page, see note below.) The automatically created info will use the parameter name for the Info text. To rename the Info text, press the Edit button while the controller assignment field is still selected. This will bring you to the Info Editor page (see above) and the Info entry for the assigned controller. From the Info Editor page, press the Exit button to return to the page where you made the controller assignment. Note: After assigning a controller to parameter, if you go to the INFO page, the Info text entries for each controller assignment will remain set unless you remove them with the Delete soft button on the INFO page. If you change the controller assignment for a parameter after going to the INFO page, the parameter’s last Info text entry will remain in addition to the newer Info text entry automatically made for the controller assignment. This is done a to ensure that user renamed Info text does not get deleted if a controller assignment was accidentally changed while editing the program. To remove an unused Info text entry, locate the entry on the INFO page and use the Delete soft button.
Function Soft Buttons
This section describes the soft buttons that perform specific functions, as opposed to selecting programming pages. The descriptions below are arranged in the order in which you would see the soft buttons if you pressed the more> button repeatedly. You can always get to these buttons, regardless of which page is currently selected.
6-51
Program Mode
Function Soft Buttons
Set Controllers (SetCtl)
As explained in The Controllers (CTLS) Page, the SetCtl soft button captures the values of the nine sliders, modwheel, breath controller, and switch.
New Layer (NewLyr)
Create a new layer, numbered one above the highest existing layer. The new layer’s parameters are those of the single layer in Program 999, called Default Program. When you press this button, the PC3 will tell you that it is creating a new layer, then will return to the page you were on. The new layer becomes the current layer, and is the highest‐numbered layer in the program. If the current program already has its maximum number of layers, the PC3 will tell you that you can’t add any more.
Program 999 makes a good template for programs that you build from the algorithm up. You might want to edit Program 999 to adjust one or more parameters to values you want to use in your template program. If you like the settings of the default layer as they are, however, remember not to make any permanent changes to Program 999.
Duplicate Layer (DupLyr)
Create a copy of the current layer, duplicating the settings of all its parameters. The copy becomes the current layer, and is the highest‐numbered layer in the program.
Import Layer (ImpLyr)
Copy a specific layer from another program into the current program. This button brings up a dialog that prompts you to select a layer number and a program number. The dialog tells you the currently selected layer, and the total number of layers in the program. Use the Layer– or Layer+ soft buttons (or the alpha wheel) to change the layer number. If the current program has only one layer, pressing these buttons will have no effect. Use Prog– or Prog+ soft buttons (or the alpha wheel) to change the program number.
While you are in this dialog, you can listen to the layer you are selecting to import, along with all other layers in the current program. If you want to hear the layer to be imported by itself, you must mute the other layers.
When you have selected the desired layer from the desired program, press the Import soft button, and the selected layer will be copied from the selected program, becoming the current layer. Importing layers is a convenient alternative to creating layers from scratch. If you have a favorite string sound, for example, and you want to use it in other programs, just import its layer(s) into the program you’re building. This will preserve the envelopes and all the control settings so you don’t have to reprogram them.
Delete Layer (DelLyr)
Delete the current layer. When you press this button, the PC3 asks you if you want to delete the layer; press the Yes soft button to start the deletion process, or the No soft button to cancel it. This prompt prevents you from accidentally deleting a layer.
Name, Save, Delete
Name calls up the page that enables you to change the name of the current program. Save starts the process of saving the current program. Delete deletes the current program from memory. You can also delete any other program from memory by scrolling through the list that appears when you press the Delete soft button, then pressing Delete again when the desired program is selected. If you attempt to delete a ROM program, the PC3 will say it’s deleting the program, but it doesn’t actually do it.
6-52
Program Mode
Editing VAST Programs With KVA Oscillators
Editing VAST Programs With KVA Oscillators
The PC3 uses KVA oscillators as another way to generate sounds in VAST programs. Unlike keymaps, which play samples stored in ROM, KVA oscillators create DSP‐generated waveforms every time they are triggered. The KVA oscillators can create a range of waveforms, from high quality simple waveforms familiar to users of classic analog synths, to complex waveforms which take advantage of the PC3’s internal processing power and complex signal routing capabilities. Though the PC3 does have keymaps containing samples of basic synth waveforms, the use of KVA oscillators provides users with better portamento, more modulation options, higher sound quality, and other advantages which will be explained in this section. Learning to use KVA oscillators instead of keymaps (where appropriate) is simple and will increase the versatility of your VAST editing capabilities. VAST programs using layers with KVA oscillators can also be combined with other layers using keymaps.
Basic Use of KVA Oscillators
To understand the basic minimal setup of a KVA based program, select the program 1019 VA1NakedPWMPoly, and press the Edit button. If you are familiar with editing VAST programs, the first thing you may notice is that on the KEYMAP page, Keymap is set to 999 Silence (More on this in Advanced Use Of KVA Oscillators on page 6‐55.) Next, look at the AMPENV page. The AMPENV mode is set to User, which gives you control over the amplitude envelope (more on using Natural mode later.) Finally, look at the ALG page. In the current algorithm the 3 block KVA oscillator PWM has been selected, which generates the sound for this layer of the program. Minimal Settings for Basic Use of KVA Oscillators:
The patch described above contains the minimal settings that a KVA layer needs in order to function in the style of a classic analog synth. These minimal settings are:
1. EditProg:KEYMAP Page: Set the Keymap parameter to 999 Silence.
2. EditProg:AMPENV Page: Set the Envelope mode to User, and adjust the amplitude envelope to your liking (see The Amplitude Envelope (AMPENV) Page on page 6‐42.).
3. EditProg:ALG Page: Pick an Algorithm and set an Oscillator (see Setting KVA Oscillator Type below.)
Further basic VAST settings that you will likely want to adjust are:
•
Monophonic On/Off (see The COMMON Page on page 6‐35.)
•
Level Velocity Tracking (see The DSP Control (DSPCTL) Page on page 6‐29.)
Read the Setting KVA Oscillator Type section below to learn about how set each type of oscillator. After doing this, you can experiment with making KVA programs by following the above settings, and then setting and listening to each type of oscillator. Once you understand how to do this, read on to the Advanced Use Of KVA Oscillators section on page 6‐55 (see below) to learn how to make your KVA patches more expressive through the use of DSP modulation.
Pitch Settings for KVA Oscillators
Each oscillator (except for noise functions) has its own pitch parameters, and is unaffected by pitch settings that would normally affect keymaps (such as those on the Keymap page.) On a program layer, the coarse pitch parameter for the oscillator in use can be found on both the DSPCTL and DSPMOD pages, in the parameters list below the standard Pitch parameter for 6-53
Program Mode
Editing VAST Programs With KVA Oscillators
keymaps. For each oscillator, its coarse pitch parameter is named by an abbreviation of the oscillator name followed by “Pch.” For example, the coarse pitch parameter for a saw wave oscillator will be called Saw Pch. On the DSPCTL sub page for any oscillator Pch. parameter, you can adjust fine pitch by cents and Hertz, as well as KeyTrk and VelTrk settings for pitch.
Note: Be sure to differentiate between the different pitch parameters, each used either only for keymaps or only for KVA oscillators. The Pitch parameter on the top left of the DSPCTL and DSPMOD pages always appears in VAST programs but only affects the pitch of keymaps. If a KVA oscillator is being used, this Pitch parameter will have no affect on the layer’s pitch, in which case the oscillator Pch. parameter described above must be used to control the pitch of the oscillator.
Setting KVA Oscillator Type
The PC3 comes with 22 Different KVA oscillators. There are 11 high quality anti‐aliased oscillators (free of digital artifacts,) and 11 oscillators that exhibit some aliasing (digital artifacts) in the higher octaves. The anti‐aliased oscillators use up more DSP resources than the ones with aliasing, but the improvement in sound quality is quite noticeable. We strongly recommend using the anti‐aliased oscillators for most applications.
The tables below list KVA oscillators by type and function block size. Before setting an oscillator, you must choose an algorithm which includes a block that matches the block size for the oscillator that you wish to use. See The Algorithm (ALG) Page on page 6‐22 and Algorithm Basics on page 6‐23 for more on selecting algorithms. Once you have picked an algorithm with the desired block size, highlight the block and use the alpha wheel to scroll through the available functions until you find the desired oscillator.
The SYNC SQUARE oscillator is an 8 block oscillator that requires the use of two layers (4 blocks each) and the Alt Input feature of cascade mode. See below for details on setting up the Sync Square oscillator.
Note: If you put more than one oscillator in an algorithm, you will only hear the output of the last oscillator in the algorithm, unless an algorithm is used to route the earlier oscillator around the last oscillator and into a MIX function block, or if the last oscillator processes its audio input. Anti-Aliased Oscillators
Size
Name/Type
Size
1 Block
LPNOIZ (noise + low pass filter)
1 Block
2 Blocks
SINE
SAW
SINE+
TRI
SAW
SQUARE
RES NOISE (noise + low pass
filter with resonance)
NOISE
SQUARE
SINE+
3 Blocks
PWM (Pulse Width Modulation)
SAW+
4 Blocks
SYNC SAW
NOISE+
SUPER SAW
SW+SHP (Sawtooth + Shaper)
TRIPLE SAW
8 Blocks
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Aliased Oscillators
SYNC SQUARE (master) >>,
>>SYNC SQUARE (slave)
(4 blocks each)
2 Blocks
Name/Type
SINE
SHAPED SAW
PWM (Pulse Width Modulation)
Program Mode
Editing VAST Programs With KVA Oscillators
Setting Up The Sync Square Oscillator:
The Sync Square oscillator is actually comprised of two oscillators, a master and a slave, set up to emulate the way sync square oscillators worked on classic analog synthesizers. To create a program using Sync Square, select Default Program, #999. Select ʺnoneʺ on the keymap page. Select ʺuserʺ on the Ampenv page for an amp envelope. On the ALG page, select Algorithm 5 at the top of the page. Use the cursor buttons to select the function block and use the alpha wheel to select the ʺSYNC SQUARE (master) >>ʺ function. Next, press the << soft button to change soft button pages until you see ʺDupLyrʺ. Press DupLyr to duplicate the layer, creating layer 2. In layer 2, on the ALG page, change the function block to ʺ>> SYNC SQUARE (slave)ʺ, and set the Alt Input parameter to ʺLayer 1ʺ. The final step is to go to Layer 1ʹs DSPCTL page and turn the Level parameter all the way down, to ‐96dB (this ensures that you will only hear the output of the slave oscillator on layer 2, which is the intended function of Sync Square.)
Now the Sync Square oscillator should be working. The ʺSyncoffʺ parameter, Sync Offset, is the main parameter for shaping the tone of this sound. Syncoff sets the sync offset between the master and slave square waves in each corresponding oscillator, which changes the shape of the waveform output by the slave oscillator. The Sync Square oscillator is most expressive when the Syncoff parameter modulated during performance. Use the DSPMOD page to assign an envelope or continuous controller like the Mod Wheel for this parameter to hear the effect (see The DSP Modulation (DSPMOD) Page on page 6‐30, as well as The DSP Control (DSPCTL) Page on page 6‐29 and Common DSP Control Parameters in Algorithm Basics on page 6‐23, for details on setting up modulation and other ways to control parameters, and see The Envelope 2 (ENV2) and Envelope 3 (ENV3) Pages on page 6‐44 for details on using envelopes as modulation sources.) See Advanced Use Of KVA Oscillators below for some similar examples of how to set and control modulation for oscillator specific functions and other parameters.
To add a DSP function to the Sync Square oscillator, youʹll need to use cascade mode. For example, to add a filter, duplicate one of the layers to create layer 3. On layer 3, select the ALG page and choose one of the cascade mode algorithms, algorithms 101‐131. For this example, lets use alg 105 with the filter ʺ4Pole Mogue LPʺ selected for the function block. For the Alt Input parameter, select Layer 2. This routes a pre‐Level parameter copy of Layer 2’s output into Layer 3. Go to layer 2ʹs DSPCTL page and turn its level down to ‐96dB (otherwise the un‐filtered sound from layer 2 will be audible as well as the filtered sound in layer 3.) Now you can hear the Sync Square from layers 1 and 2 running through the filter in layer 3. See Advanced Use Of KVA Oscillators below for examples of how to set and control modulation of filter parameters.
Advanced Use Of KVA Oscillators
Read the KVA sections above before moving on to this section.
If you have tried the program described above in Basic Use of KVA Oscillators, you may have noticed that there is no variation in the notes played aside from pitch. Layers and programs created with KVA oscillators can become much more expressive by introducing variation with DSP modulation. For a KVA oscillator layer, you can use DSP modulation just as you would for keymap layers (see Common DSP Control Parameters in Algorithm Basics on page 6‐23, The DSP Control (DSPCTL) Page on page 6‐29, and The DSP Modulation (DSPMOD) Page on page 6‐30.) Several KVA oscillators also have their own modulation parameters that must be accessed to control the oscillator’s intended function. Aside from these methods, KVA layers can also be altered by using keymaps with natural amplitude envelopes. See below for details on each method.
Examples of Simple DSP Control and Modulation:
Select the program 1019 VA1NakedPWMPoly, and press the Edit button. Press the ALG soft button to view the algorithm and function blocks in use. The 3 block PWM oscillator that you see is generating the sound in this program. Select the empty function block to the right of the PWM block, and use the alpha wheel to scroll to the LOPASS function. You should immediately 6-55
Program Mode
Editing VAST Programs With KVA Oscillators
hear a difference in the sound of the program, because the LOPASS function is set by default to cut some of the high frequencies from any signal that passes through it, in this case the PWM signal is passing through. With the LOPASS function still selected, press the Edit button. This brings you to the main parameter for the LOPASS object on the DSPCTL page, which is LP Frq (you can also reach this page using the DSPCTL soft button.) Here you can adjust the initial value of the function, in this case it is cut off frequency for the low pass filter. For this example, leave this initial value set to its default. With the LP Frq parameter selected, press right on the cursor button to get to this function’s sub page (the right half of the display.) Select the Veltrk parameter and use the alpha wheel or alpha numeric pad to turn it all the way up to 10800ct. Now keyboard velocities will affect the LP Frq parameter. A velocity of 127 will cause the filter’s cut off frequency to move up 10800 cents from its initial value, a velocity of 0 will have no effect on the cut off frequency, and values in between will increase the cut off frequency by a scaling between 0 and 10800 cents. Overall, this will cause higher played velocities to increase the cut off frequency, making the oscillator sound brighter, and lower velocities to lower the cut off frequency, making the oscillator sound duller. This method can be used to control any DSP function that is loaded into an algorithm. See Common DSP Control Parameters in Algorithm Basics on page 6‐23 for other control parameters available on the DSPCTL page.
Alternatively, you could assign cut off frequency to be controlled by any continuous controller, such as the Mod Wheel. Start again with the unedited patch 1019 VA1NakedPWMPoly. Follow the same steps as above, but instead of changing any parameters on the DSPCTL page, press the DSPMOD soft button to reach the DSP Modulation page. On the left side of the screen, choose the parameter for LP Frq, and then press the right cursor button to reach the LP Frq sub page. On this sub page, you can assign any continuous controller to control the cut off frequency of the LOPASS function (or the main parameter for any function loaded in the current algorithm.) Select the Src1 parameter, hold the Enter button and move the Mod Wheel to quickly select MWheel (the Mod Wheel) as your control source. Next, press the cursor down button to select the Depth parameter, then use the alpha wheel or alpha numeric pad to turn it all the way up to 10800ct. Now the Mod Wheel will affect the LP Frq parameter. Moving the Mod Wheel all the way up (a value of 127) will cause the filter’s cut off frequency to move up 10800 cents from its initial value, moving the Mod Wheel all the way down (a value of 0) will have no effect on the cut off frequency, and values in between will increase the cut off frequency by a scaling between 0 and 10800 cents. Now you have the same control over cut off frequency as you did in the previous example, but now it is controlled by the Mod Wheel. Overall, moving the Mod Wheel up will increase the cut off frequency, making the oscillator sound brighter, and moving the Mod Wheel down will lower the cut off frequency, making the oscillator sound duller. This is useful to control a classic “filter sweep” sound. The above method can be used to control any DSP function that is loaded into an algorithm, and you can choose any continuous controller as a control source.
Note: When adding programs with controller assignments to a setup in Setup mode, your setup must have its controllers assigned to the same destinations that you assigned as control sources in your program. An easy way to do this is by using the Control Setup that you used when making your program as a template for your new setup (see Control Setup on page 6‐9.) The setup 126 Internal Voices is the default Control Setup which should be used as a template in most cases. Be careful not to save over setup ID 126.
6-56
Program Mode
Editing VAST Programs With KVA Oscillators
Oscillator Specific Control And Modulation Parameters:
Several KVA oscillators also have their own modulation parameters that must be accessed to control the oscillator’s intended function. Below is a list of these oscillators and their distinctive parameters, grouped by block size. Though the following parameters could be left at one setting, utilizing one of the DSPCTL or DSPMOD techniques described in the above examples will expose a wider range of expression from each oscillator.
1 Block:
LPNOIZ
A noise generator combined with a low pass filter. Use the Noiz Frq parameter to control the cut off frequency of the filter.
NOISE
A simple noise generator. Use the Noise parameter to control the noise initial amplitude.
SW + SHP (Sawtooth + Shaper)
This oscillator is capable of basic FM Synthesis. Its distinctive parameter is Pch Coar. This oscillator must come after the sound source in an algorithm (either keymap or oscillator) in order to hear the effect of Pch Coar, which can radically change whatever the oscillator receives as an input. Works well placed after a Sine source.
SINE+ [Aliased (not recommended)]
Same as 2 block version, but without the Sine+Am parameter.
SAW+ [Aliased (not recommended)]
A saw oscillator that can add an input signal to its output.
NOISE+ [Aliased (not recommended)]
A noise oscillator that can add an input signal to its output.
2 Block:
SINE+
A sine oscillator that can add an input signal to its output. The Sin+ Pch and Sine+ Am parameters affect the pitch and amplitude of the sine waveform without affecting the pitch of the input source.
RES NOISE
A noise generator combined with a low pass filter with resonance control. Use the Noiz Frq parameter to control the cut off frequency of the filter. Use the Noiz Q parameter to control the amplitude of the resonance (a boost or cut at the cut off frequency.) One technique for use of this function is to set a high value for Noiz Q (so that you hear a the resonance create a tone,) and then on the DSPCTL page set C4 as an initial frequency for Noiz Frq, and set Keytrk to 100ct/key on the Noiz Frq sub page. Doing this causes the noise resonance frequency to match the note of the key played.
SHAPED SAW
The Shaped Saw oscillator is a sawtooth oscillator with the ability to morph its output shape between sawtooth and sine wave (without crossfading.) This oscillator’s distinctive parameter is Shape, which controls the morphing. With Shape set to 0, the oscillator produces a pure sawtooth wave. With Shape set to 127, the oscillator produces a pure sine wave. Values in between morph between the two wave shapes.
PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) [Aliased (not recommended)]
This oscillator’s distinctive parameter is PWM Wid, which adjusts pulse width from values of 1‐
99. With PWM Wid set to a value of 50, PWM produces a square wave. The further the PWM Wid parameter is set from 50, the narrower the pulse width becomes, changing the shape of the output waveform and thus altering the oscillator’s tonal quality.
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Program Mode
Editing VAST Programs With KVA Oscillators
3 Block:
PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) [Anti‐Aliased (recommended)]
Same as 2 Block PWM, See above.
4 Block:
SYNC SAW
Sync Saw consists of two saw waves, one that you hear (the slave) and one that controls the slave (the master.) This oscillator’s distinctive parameter is SyncOff, which controls the offset of the slave and master waves. With SyncOff set to 0, the master has no effect on the slave. When an offset is set, the slave restarts its wave cycle every time the master wave completes a cycle. Offsets cause the slave to restart its cycle in the middle of normal sawtooth cycles, which causes the slave’s waveform shape and sound to be altered.
SUPER SAW
The Super Saw oscillator consists of two saw waves. This oscillator’s distinctive parameter is Detune, which has settings from 0‐50 cents, allowing you to detune both of the saw waves by up to 50 cents away from the root pitch of the key played. Detune affects both saw waves, one is detuned above the original root pitch, and the other is detuned below the original root pitch.
TRIPLE SAW
The Triple Saw oscillator consists of three saw waves. This oscillator’s distinctive parameter is Detune, which has settings from 0‐50 cents, allowing you to detune two of the saw waves by up to 50 cents away from the root pitch of the key played. Detune affects two of the saw waves, one is detuned above the original root pitch, and the other is detuned below the original root pitch. The third saw wave always plays the root pitch and is not affected by Detune. 8 Block:
SYNC SQUARE (master) >>, >>SYNC SQUARE (slave)
See above, Setting Up The Sync Square Oscillator: on page 6‐55.
Use Of Keymaps and Natural Amplitude Envelopes With KVA Oscillators:
Keymaps are important in layers using KVA oscillators, even though their samples are not usually heard in these layers (see the note below for exceptions.) Keymap selection is important because the maximum amplitude set for each key in the keymap is applied to the oscillator. For most uses of KVA oscillators, users will want to use the 999 Silence keymap because each key in the keymap is set to the same maximum amplitude, unlike many instrument keymaps. The 999 Silence keymap ensures uniform amplitude behavior of an oscillator, and with the amplitude envelope set to user mode, users can easily shape all aspects of an oscillator’s amplitude. The PC3 also has the ability to apply natural amplitude envelopes to oscillators. With an amplitude envelope set to natural mode, each oscillator note takes on the amplitude qualities of each sample in a keymap (with each note relative to sample key placement.) Each sample in a keymap has a natural envelope that was created during it’s original development process. Natural envelopes have much more detail than what is possible to create with the user amplitude envelope, and they are useful when trying to mimic specific instrument amplitude envelopes. When using this technique, remember that the maximum amplitude of each key is set by the current keymap. You can still control the overall parameters of a natural envelope by using the ENVCTL page. See the programs 213 Perc>Morph>Bass & 315 ElectroPercSynth for examples of KVA layers that use this technique. Each program uses percussion keymaps with natural envelopes to produce a fast, percussive attack. Also note that when using a KVA oscillator and a keymap other than 999 Silence, the layer will use the name of the keymap in the info box on the main Program page, even though it is not the true sound source of the layer.
Note: The samples from a keymap are not heard when using an oscillator, unless an algorithm is used to route the keymap signal around the oscillator and into a MIX function block, or unless it is an oscillator that processes its audio input. 6-58
Program Mode
Editing KB3 Programs
Editing KB3 Programs
You can edit a wide assortment of any KB3 program’s parameters. You can also create your own KB3 programs, though you must start with an existing KB3 program to do this. A regular PC3 program cannot be turned into a KB3 program. If you’re not sure whether the current program is a KB3 program, check the KB3 button (located above the right most slider). If the blue LED is on, then the current program is a KB3 program.
Enter the KB3 program editor by pressing the Edit button while a KB3 program is selected in program mode. You’ll quickly see that the KB3 editor differs from the standard VAST program editor. KB3 Editor: The Tone Wheels (TONEWL) Page
KB3 Mode uses DSP‐generated waveforms for the lower half of its tone wheels and samples for the upper half of its tone wheels. Using the parameters on the TONEWL page, you can specify which sample you wish to use, the number of tone wheels (which will affect how many other voices are available to you), and other related settings.
Parameter
Range of Values
Upper Tone Wheel Keymap
Sample List
Upper Volume Adjust
-96 to 96 dB
Number of Tone Wheels
24 to 91
Organ Map
Equal, Peck’s, Bob’s, Eric’s
Wheel Volume Map
Equal, Bright, Mellow, Junky
Globals
On, Off
Lower Transposition
-120 to 127 semitones
Upper Transposition
-168 to 87 semitones
Upper Tone Wheel Keymap
Use this parameter to indicate the keymap (and thereby the samples) to use for the upper tone wheels. You can use any keymap from ROM, though you must specify a keymap that uses looped samples for KB3 Mode to work correctly. When in Program mode, the keymap assigned to the program appears in the info box.
6-59
Program Mode
KB3 Editor: The Tone Wheels (TONEWL) Page
Upper Volume Adjust
Since sample volumes can vary, while the volume of DSP‐generated waveforms will remain consistent, you may find it necessary to adjust the level of the sample‐based tone wheels. This parameter lets you adjust the amplitude of the upper (sample‐based) tone wheels relative to amplitude of the waveform‐generated tone wheels.
Number of Tone Wheels
This parameter lets you specify the number of tone wheels used by a KB3 program. The classic tone wheel organs used 91 tone wheels, though the lowest 12 were for the pedals only. Therefore, you may find 79 a good number of tone wheels to specify for realistic organ emulations. This would leave you 88 voices for other programs. You can specify up to 91 tone wheels. The number of PC3 voices used by a KB3 program is (number of tone wheels + 1) / 2, rounded to the next highest whole number if the result is a fraction. So, for example, with 79 tone wheels specified you would use 40 voices. Keep in mind that these voices are permanently allocated and running while the KB3 program is selected, and cannot be stolen. The additional voice used by KB3 programs is for keyclick.
Organ Map
The organ map controls the relative amplitude of each key, per drawbar. Like the wheel volume maps, these maps are based on measurements we’ve made on actual organs. Equal uses the same volume for each key and drawbar, and is not based on a real B3. Peck’s is a good normal map, from a B3 in good condition. Eric’s is a bit more idealized; it’s smoothed out, but less realistic. Bob’s is more uneven, based on an old B3. Wheel Volume Map
The wheel volume map determines the volume level for each tone wheel. We’ve provided several tone wheel volume maps here, based on measurements we’ve taken on different organs. Equal is a map with all tone wheels at the same volume. It’s not based on a real B3. Bright is a good normal map, based on a B3 in good condition. Junky is based on a B3 with an uneven, rolled‐off response. Mellow is somewhere between Bright and Junky.
You can also apply EQ to control wheel volumes based on the frequencies of each tone wheel. See KB3 Editor: The EQ Page on page 6‐69.
Globals
This is another toggle, which affects LFO2, ASR2, FUNs 2 and 4. When off, these three control sources are local; they affect each individual note in the layers that use them as a control source. They begin operating each time a note in that layer is triggered.
When the Globals parameter is set to On, these control sources become global, that is they affect every note in every layer of the current program, not just the one to which they’re applied. When these control sources are global, they begin operating as soon as the program is selected. When Globals are on, LFO2, ASR2, and FUNs 2 and 4 will appear on their respective pages preceded by the letter G to indicate that they’re global. You’ll use global control sources when you want to affect each note in a given layer uniformly, and local control sources when you want to affect each layer’s note independently.
Lower Transpose / Upper Transpose
These two parameters let you transpose the upper and/or lower tone wheels in semitone steps away from their default tunings.
6-60
Program Mode
KB3 Editor: The Drawbars (DRAWBR) Page
KB3 Editor: The Drawbars (DRAWBR) Page
Press the Drawbr soft button to view the DRAWBR Page. This page lets you edit KB3’s drawbars.
Mode
When you set Mode to Preset, the preset drawbar settings on this page will be installed at program selection. The drawbar values will immediately change, however, as soon as you move the corresponding drawbar. Set Mode to Live if you want the drawbar volume settings at program selection to be determined by the positions of the drawbar controllers (sliders). With either setting, any engagements of the drawbar controllers subsequent to program selection will affect drawbar volumes.
Steps
This parameter lets you specify the increments by which drawbar volumes will change. Choose either 0–8, to approximate the drawbar settings on actual organs, or choose 0–127 for a finer degree of resolution.
Volume
This parameter appears only if you’ve set Mode (see above) to Preset. Use the Volume parameter to set the preset volume of each of the nine drawbars. The available values will be 0–8 or 0–127, depending on the setting of the Steps parameter. See Table 6‐3 on page 6‐8 for details on the MIDI CC numbers and values that each drawbar sends and receives.
Tune
This parameter lets you tune each of the nine drawbars up or down in semitone steps. The values for the Tune parameter on the DRAWBR page shown above represent standard drawbar settings on a real B3, as shown in the table below.
Subharmonics
16'
Slider A
Figure 6-3
Fundamental
Harmonics
5 /3'
8'
4'
2 2/3'
2'
1 3/5'
1 1/3'
1'
Slider B
Slider C
Slider D
Slider E
Slider F
Slider G
Slider H
Slider I
1
Standard Drawbar Settings for the Hammond B3
6-61
Program Mode
KB3 Editor: The Set Drawbars (SetDBR) Soft Button
KB3 Editor: The Set Drawbars (SetDBR) Soft Button
Press the SetDBR soft button to capture the current position of the drawbars, and use those positions as the preset drawbar positions on the DRAWBR page.
KB3 Editor: The PITCH Page
The PITCH page parameters for KB3 programs is much like the PITCH page parameters for VAST programs. The only difference is that for KB3 programs, there are no Hz, KeyTrk, or VelTrk parameters. For a full description of the PITCH‐page parameters, see Common DSP Control Parameters on page 6‐24, The DSP Control (DSPCTL) Page on page 6‐29, and The DSP Modulation (DSPMOD) Page on page 6‐30.
KB3 Editor: The AMP Page
The AMP page parameters for KB3 programs is much like the AMP page parameters for VAST programs. The only difference is that for KB3 programs, there are no KeyTrk or VelTrk parameters. For a full description of the AMP page parameters, see Common DSP Control Parameters on page 6‐24, The DSP Control (DSPCTL) Page on page 6‐29, and The DSP Modulation (DSPMOD) Page on page 6‐30.
6-62
Program Mode
KB3 Editor: The PERC1 Page
KB3 Editor: The PERC1 Page
Percussion is a characteristic feature of tone wheel organs. It’s especially useful while soloing, since percussion adds an extra “plink” (actually an extra tone at a defined harmonic) to the attack. You can reach the percussion parameters by pressing the Perc1 and Perc2 soft buttons.
Parameter
Range of Values
Percussion
Off, On
Volume
Soft, Loud
Decay
Slow, Fast
Harmonic
Low, High
Velocity Tracking
0 to 100%
Low Harmonic
Drawbar 1 to 9
High Harmonic
Drawbar 1 to 9
Steal Bar
Drawbar 1 to 9
Percussion
This is where you turn the percussion effect on or off. Percussion is created by a decaying envelope applied to one of the nine drawbars. The percussion effect is “single‐triggered,” which means that once it’s triggered, it won’t trigger again until all keys (or whatever you’re using to trigger notes) go up. So if no keys are down, and you play a chord, percussion gets applied to all notes in the chord (and in fact, to all notes that are triggered during the short duration of the percussion envelope). Once the envelope runs its course, any notes you play while at least one key is held down get no percussion. You can turn percussion on or off by pressing Bank button 5 (labeled Percussion On/Off.) Bank button 5 also sends and responds to MIDI CC 73; values 64‐
127 = On, values 0‐63 = Off.
Volume
This parameter switches between loud and soft percussion settings. The actual amplitude is set on the PERC2 page. You can toggle between loud and soft by pressing bank Button 6 (labeled Percussion Loud/Soft.) Bank button 6 also sends and responds to MIDI CC 71; values 64‐127 = Loud, values 0‐63 = Soft.
Decay
This parameter switches between fast and slow percussion settings. The actual decay rate is set on the PERC2 page. You can toggle between slow and fast decay by pressing Bank button 7 (labeled Percussion Decay F/S.) Bank button 7 also sends and responds to MIDI CC 70; values 64‐127 = Fast, values 0‐63 = Slow.
6-63
Program Mode
KB3 Editor: The PERC2 Page
Harmonic
This parameter switches between high and low harmonic percussion settings. The actual pitch is controlled by the LowHarm and HighHarm parameters. You can toggle between low and high harmonics by pressing Bank Button 8 (labeled Percussion Pitch H/L.) Bank button 8 also sends and responds to MIDI CC 72; values 64‐127 = High, values 0‐63 = Low.
VelTrack
Here is where you specify the degree to which key velocity controls percussion volume. A value of zero corresponds to no velocity tracking, which is like a real tone wheel organ. Other values add velocity tracking, so that increased velocity results in louder percussion.
LowHarm
Controls which drawbar is used as the basis for the percussion when Harmonic is set to Low. On an actual tone wheel organ, this is Drawbar 4 (2nd harmonic). The actual pitch obtained depends on the drawbar tuning.
HighHarm
Controls which drawbar is used as the basis for the percussion when Harmonic is set to High. On an actual tone wheel organ, this is Drawbar 5 (3rd harmonic). The actual pitch obtained depends on the drawbar tuning.
StealBar
Controls which drawbar is disabled when the percussion effect is turned on. On an unmodified tone wheel organ, the ninth drawbar is the one disabled. Any drawbar can be selected.
KB3 Editor: The PERC2 Page
6-64
Parameter Group (Available for each combination of
the Volume and Decay parameters on the PERC1 page)
Range of Values
Percussion Level
0 to 24.0 dB
Decay Time
0.01 to 5.10 seconds, in 0.02-second increments
Organ Volume Level
-12.0 to 12.0 dB
Program Mode
KB3 Editor: The KEYCLK Page
PercLevel, DecayTime, OrgLevel
With these parameters you can control the amplitude and decay time of the percussion effect for all combinations of the Volume and Decay parameters (on the PERC1 page). You can also adjust the level of the organ relative to the percussion, for accurate emulation of classic organs.
KB3 Editor: The KEYCLK Page
The Key Click feature adds a decaying burst of pitched noise to the attack of notes. Unlike the percussion, the key click is “multi‐triggered,” which means that every new note will trigger it. The parameters on this page primarily control the decay, volume, and pitch of the key click.
Parameter
Range of Values
Key Click
Off, On
Volume
-96.0 to 0.0 dB, in 0.5-dB increments
Decay
0.005 to 1.280 seconds, in 0.005-second increments
VelTrk
0 to 100%
Pitch
1 to 120
Random
0 to 100%
Retrig Thresh
-96.0 to 0.0 dB, in 0.5-dB increments
Note Attack
Normal, Hard, PercHard
Note Release
Normal, Hard
KeyClick
This is where you turn Key Click on or off. With KeyClick set to Off, you may still hear a click depending on your Note Attack and Note Release settings (see below.)
Volume
This parameter sets the level of the keyclick; the noise decays from the level you set here. This level is scaled by the drawbar levels, as well as the expression pedal level. Keyclick volume can also be scaled by MIDI CC 89; value 0 = ‐96 dB, value 127 = the level set for the Volume parameter. Values between 0 and 127 scale between ‐96 dB and the level set for the Volume parameter. When using CC 89, the value displayed for the Volume parameter will not change.
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Program Mode
KB3 Editor: The KEYCLK Page
Decay
Sets the basic decay time of the noise envelope. Smaller values produce a shorter burst.
VelTrk
Controls the degree to which key velocity affects the key click volume. A value of zero means that the key velocity has no effect on the key click volume (which is like a real tone wheel organ). Other values add volume as the velocity increases.
Pitch
Sets the basic pitch of the key click noise, relative to the highest tonewheel’s pitch. The pitch is controlled by a steep lowpass filter applied to white noise. The filter’s cut off frequency is controlled relative to key number, higher keys move the cutoff frequency up, lower keys move the cutoff frequency down.
Random
Controls the degree to which a random amount of amplitude variation is added to the key click.
ReTrigThresh
This parameter lets you set the volume level below which key click must decay before it will be retriggered.
Note Attack
Controls the attack characteristic of notes. Normal provides a smoothed attack, while a setting of Hard has an instant attack and will produce an audible click, in addition to any amount of key click specified with the other parameters on this page (you might prefer not to specify any additional key click when you use this setting). PercHard sets a hard attack level for percussion only; notes without percussion use a normal attack.
Note Release
Controls the release characteristic of notes. A setting of Normal has a smoothed release, while a setting of Hard has an instant release. Hard will produce an audible click.
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Program Mode
KB3 Editor: The MISC Page
KB3 Editor: The MISC Page
The MISC page contains an assortment of control parameters, including Leslie speed control and vibrato/chorus selection.
Parameter
Range of Values
Preamp/Expression Response
Off, On
Leakage
-96.0 to 0.0 dB, in 0.5-dB increments
Leak Mode
None, Type A, Type X, Type Y, Type Z, Type R
Speed Control
Slow, Fast
Vibrato/Chorus Control
Off, On
Vibrato/Chorus Type Selection
Vib1, Vib2, Vib3, Chor1, Chor2, Chor3
Volume Adjust
-96 to 96 dB
Bend Range Up
± 7200 cents
Bend Range Down
± 7200 cents
Sustain
Off, On
Sostenuto
Off, On
Leslie Pedal
None, Sustain, Sost, Soft
PreampResp
Set this parameter On or Off to enable or disable the preamp+expression pedal part of the KB3 model. Turning this On (the default) makes KB3 programs function like stock organs. The expression pedal in this case is more than a volume pedal; it actually functions like a “loudness control,” varying the frequency response to compensate for the ear’s sensitivity at different volumes. In addition, the preamp provides a de‐emphasis curve to compensate for the built‐in tone wheel volume pre‐emphasis. Turning preamp response Off emulates organs that have been modified to have a direct out (before the preamp and expression pedal).
Leakage
Controls the level of the simulated crosstalk and signal “bleed” of adjacent tone wheels in the model. This is provided to help “dirty up” the sound to make it a bit more realistic. A setting of ‐96 dB gives the purest tones; other values add more simulated leakage. This level is scaled by the drawbar levels, as well as the expression pedal level. The leakage level can also be controlled by MIDI CC 90; value 0 = ‐96 dB, value 127 = 0 dB, values between 0 and 127 scale between ‐96 dB and 0 dB. When using CC 90, the value displayed for the Leakage parameter will not change.
6-67
Program Mode
KB3 Editor: The MISC Page
LeakMode
Selects between different leakage models, determining which leakage harmonics are emphasized. TypeA provides an overall tone wheel leakage, with all tone wheels leaking a small amount. TypeX, TypeY, TypeZ, and TypeR, emulate different degrees of drawbar leakage, where the leakage components correspond to the nine drawbars, instead of all the tone wheels.
SpeedCtl
Select either Fast or Slow to choose the speed of the rotary speaker emulation. You can toggle between fast and slow speed using Bank button 1 (labeled Rotary Fast/Slow.) Bank button 1 also sends and responds to MIDI CC 68; a value of 64‐127 = Fast, and 0‐63 = Slow.
VibChorCtl
Choose On or Off to turn on or off either vibrato or chorus (as selected with the VibChorSel parameter). You can toggle between on and off using Bank button 2 (labeled Vibrato On/Off.) Bank button 2 also sends and responds to MIDI CC 95; a value of 64‐127 = On, and 0‐63 = Off.
VibChorSel
Choose the vibrato or chorus depth (there are three of each) you wish to use with this KB3 program. Note that you must set VibChorCtl (also on the MISC page) to On to hear the effect. You can select the vibrato or chorus you want using Bank buttons 3 and 4 (labeled Vibrato Chor/
Vib and Vibrato Depth.) Bank buttons 3 and 4 also send and respond to MIDI CC 93; values 54‐71 = chorus with depth 1, values 72‐89 = chorus with depth 2, values 90‐127 = chorus with depth 3, values 0‐17 = vibrato with depth 1, values 18‐35 = vibrato with depth 2, values 36‐53 = vibrato with depth 3.
VolAdjust
Provides an overall volume adjust for the KB3 model. Use this parameter to “normalize” KB3 programs with other programs.
BendRngUp, BendRngDn
Respectively control the upward and downward pitch bend ranges of the KB3 program.
Sustain
Set On or Off to enable or disable response to MIDI sustain (MIDI 64). By default MIDI sustain (MIDI 64) is sent by Switch Pedal 1.
Sostenuto
Set On or Off to enable or disable response to MIDI sostenuto (MIDI 66). By default MIDI sostenuto (MIDI 66) is sent by Switch Pedal 2.
LesliePedal
Set the pedal source(Sustain=Switch Pedal 1, CC 64 by default, Sost=Switch Pedal 1, CC 66 by default, Soft=Switch Pedal 3, CC 67 by default) to toggle between Fast and Slow for the Leslie™ speaker rotation speed.
6-68
Program Mode
KB3 Editor: The EQ Page
KB3 Editor: The EQ Page
The four column headers on this page represent two shelving bands of equalization and two parametric bands. The KB3 EQ offered here, though, is not implemented as a true EQ section; instead, it adjusts the volume of the tone wheels based on frequency. If the tone wheels are based on sine waves, then this acts similarly to a real EQ.
Parameter Group (Available for each EQ band)
Range of Values
Gain
-24.0 to 24.0 dB, in 0.2-dB increments
Frequency
16 to 25088 Hz, in varying increments
Width
-128 to 128 Semitones, in 2-semitone increments
Each EQ section has Gain (G), Frequency (F), and Width (W) controls. Frequency controls the center frequency of the band. Width controls the bandwidth. Gain controls the amount of boost or cut.
6-69
Program Mode
KB3 Editor: The OUTPUT Page
KB3 Editor: The OUTPUT Page
Use this page to route the current program’s post‐FX signals. The two Pan parameters correspond to those of the VAST Program editor OUTPUT page (See page 6‐31). The Out Gain and Demo Song parameters corresponds to those of the VAST Program Editor COMMON page (See page 6‐35).
Exp Pedal
Use this parameter to set which rear panel CC Pedal input will control volume for the current KB3 program. With a setting of Expression/Foot, volume can be controlled by a CC pedal plugged into either the rear panel input labeled CC Pedal 1 (volume), or the rear panel input labeled CC Pedal 2 (wah). With a setting of Expression, volume can be controlled by a CC pedal plugged into the rear panel input labeled CC Pedal 1 (volume). With a setting of Foot, volume can be controlled by a CC pedal plugged into the rear panel input labeled CC Pedal 2 (wah). With a setting of None, volume control from both CC pedal inputs is disabled.
KB3 Editor: The Program FX (PROGFX) Page
This page is the same as the VAST Program editor PROGFX page (see page 6‐47) except for one important difference: there is no Pre/Post insert parameter for the auxiliary sends.
KB3 Editor: The LFO, ASR, and FUN Pages
The rest of the pages—LFO, ASR, and FUN— are the same for KB3 programs as they are for VAST programs, so we won’t describe them again here. Begin on page 6‐38 to find descriptions of these pages.
6-70
Program Mode
KB3 Programming Tips
KB3 Programming Tips
This section provides some starting points for creating your own KB3 programs. Remember that you’ll have to start with one of the existing KB3 programs. As described below, the most prominent difference between organ vintages is the number of tone wheels used. Keep in mind, however, that the sound of an actual tone wheel organ will depend not only on its age, but also on how well it has been maintained.
Octave folding, where an octave (or part of an octave) is repeated at the top or bottom of the keyboard, is handled automatically by KB3 Mode, emulating the folding done on actual tone wheel organs.
Early Tone Wheel Organs. Instruments of this period had 91 tone wheels. To get this sound, go to the TONEWL page, select 91 tone wheels, and set lowest pitch to C 1. Start with the Junky Wheel Volume Map and Bob’s Organ Map. You may also want to increase the Key Click level, since this tends to become louder on older organs.
Middle Period Organs. To model one of these instruments, set 82 tone wheels and a low note of A 1. Use the Mellow Wheel Volume Map and Eric’s Organ Map. Set Key Click to a moderate level.
The Classic B‐3. For this sound, choose 79 tone wheels and set the low note to be C 2. The best settings here are the Bright Wheel Volume Map and Peck’s Organ Map. You may also want to reduce the Key Click level.
6-71
Program Mode
KB3 Programming Tips
6-72
Setup Mode
Chapter 7
Setup Mode
In Setup mode, the PC3 can take on the identity of 16 distinct instruments and 16 distinct MIDI transmitters, each of which can use the setup’s physical controller assignments (or any subset of those controller assignments). For example, you can create a setup that is split into 16 different keyboard regions (called zones). Each zone can play its own program, while also transmitting on its own MIDI channel. Each zone can also have an independent arpeggiator and one riff. You can also record the output of a setup to Song mode.
Selecting setups in Setup mode is much like selecting programs in Program mode—just use one of the normal data entry methods to scroll through the list of setups. There are, however, some important differences between a program and a setup. A program plays on a single keyboard zone and on a single MIDI channel. A setup enables you to use up to 16 keyboard (or MIDI controller) zones, each of which can have its own program, MIDI channel, and control assignments. The parameters you define for each setup affect programs only while you are in Setup mode. An exception to this is the control setup, which is discussed on page 6‐9.
Press the Setup mode button to enter Setup mode. You’ll see a list of setups, which you can select with any data entry method.
The info box on the left‐hand side of the main Setup mode page displays the zones and corresponding programs used in the current setup. Below the program name for each zone is a line representing the zone’s key range. For example, in the setup above, “Acoustic Split,” the zone for the program “NYC Kits” has a key range that covers the entire keyboard, from approximately C‐1 to G9. The zones for the programs “Studio C Strings” and “NYC Jazz Grand” have key ranges that approximately cover the upper two‐thirds of the keyboard, and “Upright Growler” covers part of the lower keyboard. You can also see which zones have a riff, indicated by “riFF” to the right of the program name. For example, in the setup above, the zone for the program “NYC Kits” has a riff. If there are more than four zones in the current setup, you can view the other zones by holding down the Enter button and using the Chan/Layer buttons to scroll through the current setup’s zones.
You can transpose the entire setup up or down by octaves with the two Octav soft buttons. When you transpose a setup, the split points between zones remain in place; each program is transposed within its respective zone.
The Panic soft button sends All Notes Off and Reset All Controllers messages to all zones, and stops all arpeggiators and riffs.
7-1
Setup Mode
Press the Info soft button to see a list of all of the controller assignments for all zones of the current setup. On the Info page, use the Alpha Wheel, cursor buttons, or ‐ / + buttons to scroll through the list.
When you select a setup in Setup mode, the PC3 internally sends a number of MIDI messages, on each of the MIDI channels used by the setup. Some of these include: Program Change commands, MIDI Bank Select messages, Pan and Volume messages, and entry values for physical controllers (entry values are the values that take effect as soon as you select the setup; there are also controller exit values, which are the values of the controllers when you leave the setup—either by selecting another setup or by exiting Setup mode). The values of all these messages depend on the parameters you define in the Setup Editor.
Zone-status LEDs in Setup Mode
Take a minute to scroll through some of the factory setups. As you change setups, you’ll notice that the LEDs in the eight Bank buttons above the programmable sliders go on and off and change color. These LEDs indicate the status of zones 1‐8 in the setup.
While you’re in Setup mode, each of the eight zone‐status LEDs will always be in one of four states:
Off
Empty zone—that is, a zone that has no program or MIDI channel associated with it. For example, if you select a setup and only four status LEDs light up (regardless of their color), the setup contains just four zones. Whenever you’re in Setup mode, the number of lines in the info box matches the number of zone‐status LEDs that are lit.
Green
Active zone. As long as no other zone is soloed, an active zone plays notes— and generates controller information, program changes, and entry/exit controller values. If another zone is soloed, an active zone is “backgrounded”—it’s status LED remains green, but it doesn’t play notes or generate controller information.
Orange
Muted zone. Muted zones don’t play notes or generate controller information, but they do generate program changes and entry/exit controller values.
Red
Solo zone. As you might have guessed, only one zone can be soloed at a time. When a zone is soloed, only that zone plays notes and generates controller information. Other zones, if they’re not turned off, still generate program changes and entry/exit controller values. If a zone is muted and then subsequently soloed, all other zones are “backgrounded” but the soloed zone remains muted.
In performance situations, the Bank buttons provide a convenient way to temporarily change the status of one or more zones. This can be very effective for bringing voices and/or controller configurations into and out of your performance. The best way to get familiar with this technique is to play with the buttons, as the next few paragraphs describe.
Select a setup (look for one with lots of active zones that cover the whole keyboard), and play a few bars. You’ll hear sounds corresponding to each of the active zones (green LEDs). If you see any muted zones (orange LEDS), press their corresponding Bank buttons, and they’ll become active; conversely, if you press the Bank button of an active zone, it will become muted. Play around a bit. Try muting all the zones, then bringing them back one by one until all the zones in the setup are active.
7-2
Setup Mode
The Setup Editor
Table 7‐1 gives you a quick visual reminder of how zones behave depending on their status.
LED Color
Data Generated by Zone
Zone
Status
Notes
Controllers
Program
Number
Entry and
Exit Values
Red
Solo,
Solo+Muted
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Green (no others are red)
Active
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Green (another is red)
Backgrounded
No
No
Yes
Yes
Orange
Muted
No
No
Yes
Yes
(Off)
Empty
No
No
No
No
Table 7-1
Zone Status in Setup Mode
Remember that any changes you make to zone status in Setup mode are temporary; as soon as you select another setup, that setup’s programmed zone status takes over. To change a setup’s zone status permanently, use the Setup Editor (see Status on page 7‐6).
Soloing a Zone
To solo a zone, set the Status parameter on the Setup Editor CH/PROG page (see The Setup Editor and The Channel/Program (CH/PROG) Page below) to Solo. The Chan/Layer buttons—in addition to scrolling through the zones of the current setup—now select the soloed layer. If you scroll through zones 1‐8, you will see the red solo LED moving across the bank buttons above the sliders. After one zone is soloed, you can solo zones 1‐8 by pressing on the corresponding Bank button above the sliders; this action unsolos the previously soloed zone.
Additionally, you can configure a setup such that you can solo zones in real time (from outside of the editor) by assigning a controller on the desired zone to destination 162 SoloZn. See Controllers on page 7‐19 for more information on controller destination assignments in Setup mode.
The Setup Editor
From Setup mode, press the Edit button to enter the Setup Editor, where you can make changes to the currently selected setup. Use the soft buttons to select the various Setup Editor pages. The upper line of each page displays the usual mode reminder, as well as the current Setup Editor page, and the current zone. Use the Chan/Layer buttons to select one of up to sixteen different zones, each having its own set of Setup Editor pages.
The parameters on the Setup Editor pages define what each of a setup’s zones sends—both to internal programs and to the MIDI Out port. They also determine how the PC3 responds to MIDI signals received from a MIDI controller connected to the PC3’s MIDI In port (when the Local Keyboard Channel matches the transmit channel of your MIDI controller).
Compare
Pressing the Storage button calls up the Compare Editor, which recalls the setup pre‐edit settings, allowing you to compare your edited setup with the original setup. Pressing the Storage button again returns you to the Setup editor. Using the Compare Editor makes no changes to the current setup.
7-3
Setup Mode
The Channel/Program (CH/PROG) Page
The Channel/Program (CH/PROG) Page
This is the first page you see when you enter the Setup Editor. Here, you can select programs, MIDI channels, and MIDI Bank numbers for each of the setup’s 16 zones. You can also solo or mute each zone.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Program
Program List
1 Standard Grand
Destination
Destination List
USB_MIDI+MIDI+Local
Channel
1 to 16
1
MIDI Bank
0 to 127
0
MIDI Program (MidiProg)
(Depends on MIDI Bank Mode)
1
Status
Muted, Active, Solo, Solo+Muted
Active
Out
Auto, Pri., Sec.
Auto
InputChannel
None, 1-16
None
MIDI Bank Mode (BankMode)
MIDI Bank Mode List
Ctl 0/32
Entry Program Change (EntryProgChg)
On, Off
On
Arpeggiator
On, Off
On
Program
This selects an internal program to play on each zone. As you change the value of Program, notice that MIDI Program and MIDI Bank match the local program and bank numbers (programs 1–127 fall into MIDI Bank 0, 128–255 fall into MIDI Bank 1, and so on—both MIDI Banks and PC3 banks can hold 128 programs). If you want to transmit different program and bank numbers over MIDI, highlight either MIDI Program or MIDI Bank and select a new value. Note that changing the Program parameter again will reset both the MIDI Program and MIDI Bank parameters to match the local program and bank numbers.
NOTE: MIDI Banks and PC3 banks are not the same, nor is there a direct one‐to‐one correspondence between the two. As mentioned previously, programs 1–127 fall into MIDI Bank 0, programs 128–255 fall into MIDI Bank 1, and so on; program IDs 1–128 fall into PC3 bank Base 1, programs 128–255 fall into Base2, and so on (recall that the PC3 bank names are displayed in left‐to‐right order above their corresponding Bank buttons above the sliders.) For example, program 127 Magic Celeste is in PC3 bank Base 1 and it is Program 127 in MIDI Bank 0; and program 128 Drums ‘n Bells is in PC3 bank Base 1, and it is Program 0 in MIDI Bank 1.
7-4
Setup Mode
The Channel/Program (CH/PROG) Page
Destination
This parameter determines whether the currently selected zone transmits only to the PC3 (Local), transmits only to the MIDI port (MIDI), transmits only to the USB port (USB_MIDI), transmits to a pair of destinations (MIDI+Local, USB_MIDI+Local, or USB_MIDI+MIDI), or transmits to all destinations (USB_MIDI+MIDI+Local).
Channel
The Channel parameter defines the MIDI transmit channel for the currently selected zone. You can set it to any of the 16 MIDI channels. Normally, you will want each zone on a separate MIDI channel. This is necessary if you want to combine different programs in the setup.
If two zones have the same MIDI channel (and destination), but they have different program settings, there will be conflicts: no MIDI device, including the PC3, can respond correctly to two different simultaneous Program Change commands on one channel. The result will be that only one Program Change will be recognized, and every note played will sound double (if Note Maps are on). This can create odd and unpredictable timing effects, and will reduce your polyphony by 50%.
Nevertheless, there will be occasions when “stacking” zones on the same MIDI channel might come in handy. Suppose you want a physical controller on the PC3 to send data for two different numbered MIDI Controllers on the same channel. In this case, you must create two zones assigned to the same channel, but with different controller assignments.
Here’s one example: if a receiving synth is using Controller 1 for modulation depth and Controller #13 for modulation speed, you can increase both the depth and the speed with Slider A. Start by assigning Slider A in Zone 1 to MWheel and in Zone 2 to MIDI 13; then assign both zones to the same MIDI channel. (You may want to make sure you aren’t sending doubled notes. Use the Note Map parameter on the KEY/VEL page to set one zone’s Note Map to Linear and the other zone’s Note Map to Off.)
Another example: create two or more zones that are identical except for their transposition settings. Now you can play parallel intervals (or chords) with single keystrikes.
MidiBank
Before reading this section on MIDI Banks, be sure to read the note in the section Program on page 7‐4.
The PC3’s programs are divided into 17 MIDI Banks, numbered 0–16. Program 46 in MIDI Bank 3, (which is PC3 bank Orchestra), for example, is 430 Lead Oboe. The MIDI Bank parameter displays which bank the current program is assigned to, and automatically changes to match the Program value you set.
You can send Bank Select messages to external MIDI devices as well, by setting the Destination parameter to a destination including MIDI of USB_MIDI, then changing MidiBank. Some instruments may have more banks than the PC3. Bank switching via MIDI makes it easy for the PC3 user to select sounds on external instruments, no matter how many banks they might have.
When you change the value of the Program parameter, the value of MidiBank automatically changes correspondingly. If you want to transmit a MIDI Bank number different from the one corresponding to the local program, select the local program first, then change the MIDI bank.
If you select an empty bank (like Bank 53), the zone will still produce sound on the PC3, provided that Destination is set to a destination including Local. The Program parameter will display whatever internal program you set, but the bank number transmitted over the MIDI Out port will be different from the internal program’s bank number.
7-5
Setup Mode
The Channel/Program (CH/PROG) Page
MidiProg
MidiProg defines which program number is transmitted out the MIDI Out port on the current zone’s MIDI channel.
When you change the value of the Program parameter, the value of MIDIProg automatically changes correspondingly. If you want to transmit a MIDI program change number different from the one corresponding to the local program, select the local program first, then change the MIDI program.
Different programs are accessible depending on the value of the BankMode parameter:
Value of BankMode
Available Programs
Ctl 0 or Ctl 32
0 to 127
Ctl 0/32
0 to 127
K2600
0 to 99
None
None
Status
This parameter determines what the current zone does when you select the setup in Setup mode. Muted means that the zone sends and receives program changes and entry/exit controller values, but doesn’t play notes. If the value is Active, the zone sends and receives normally via MIDI. Solo causes only the current zone to play, “backgrounding” all other zones (backgrounded zones send and receive program changes and entry/exit controller values, but don’t play notes). With a value of Solo+Muted, the current zone is both soloed and muted; when the zone isn’t soloed, it won’t produce sound).
See the section about zone‐status LEDs (page 7‐2) for more information about muting and soloing zones.
Out
Use the Out parameter to set the rear panel audio outputs used for each zone of the current Setup. This parameter determines the output settings for the main program signal and insert effects of each zone (for Aux effects output settings, use the Output parameter on the Setup Mode AUX1 or AUX2 pages.) A setting of Auto will make that zone output audio based on the settings for the program used by that zone. Program output settings are set in the Program Editor using the Output parameter on the top line of PROG FX page (see Output on page 6‐48 for details) or the Output parameter on the LAYER FX page (see page 6‐49 for details.) A setting of Pri. (primary) will output track audio to the MAIN Balanced Analog Outputs. A setting of Sec. (secondary) will output track audio to the AUX Balanced Analog Outputs. Input Channel
In Setup mode, an external MIDI device (such as a keyboard or sequencer) will play notes of a single program by default (if the Local Keyboard Channel parameter is set to off, see page 10‐9 for details.) The played program will be on a Zone that has a Channel parameter (on the CH/
PROG page) which matches the channel on which the external MIDI device is transmitting. (If no Zone’s Channel parameter matches, the external device will play notes of the last program that was using that channel in Program Mode or from a previously loaded Song or Setup.) 7-6
Setup Mode
The Channel/Program (CH/PROG) Page
When the Program of a Setup Zone is played from an external MIDI device, Setup MIDI parameters (most noticeably key range and transposition) will not be applied. If you want these parameters applied, set the Input Channel parameter to match the channel on which the external MIDI device is transmitting. See the Input Channel Settings section below for details on setting an Input Channel. (To play the entire Setup from an external MIDI device, see Local Keyboard Channel (LocalKbdCh) on page 10‐9.) When Local Keyboard Channel is set to something other than Off, the Input Channel parameter has no effect and will appear in parentheses. Input Channel basically has the same effect as Local Keyboard Channel, except you can choose to play only one or some Setup Zones from an external device, instead of all Zones. To play more than one Zone from an external device, set each desired Zone’s Input Channel parameter to match the channel on which the external MIDI device is transmitting. It is also possible to use the Input Channel parameter to use multiple external devices which each play a specific Zone or Zones. For details on controlling assignments made to the PC3’s physical controllers (sliders, switches, mod wheel, etc.) from an external MIDI device when using an Input Channel, see Continuous Controller Messages From External MIDI Devices on page 10‐10.
Input Channel Settings
When setting a MIDI channel number for the Input Channel parameter, channel 1 for example, you can choose 1 L+M or 1 M (scroll past 16 L+M to see all the choices.) A channel number with a setting of L+M indicates that the zone will be playable from the PC3 keyboard (L for Local) and from the external MIDI controller (M for MIDI.) A channel number with a setting of M indicates that the zone will be playable only from the external MIDI controller, and not from the PC3 keyboard. You can also choose Any L+M or Any M for the Input Channel setting. Any L+M and Any M will make the zone receive MIDI on any channel that an external device is transmitting. This is useful if you are using a single external MIDI controller and are not sure which channel it is transmitting on.
MIDI Bank Mode (BankMode)
The BankMode you choose determines how bank numbers will be sent over MIDI when the setup is selected, and in what format. It also affects how many MIDI banks and programs you can choose.
None means no bank number is sent, just the program number. Ctl 0 means that the bank number is sent as a MIDI Controller #0 message. Ctl 32 means it is sent as MIDI Controller #32. Ctl 0/32 means it is sent as a dual‐controller (two‐byte) message, with the most‐significant byte (MSB) of the bank number sent as Controller 0 and the least‐significant byte (LSB) as Controller 32. Bank Select messages allow you to specify banks numbered 0‐127. The MIDI Specification is a little ambiguous when it comes to Bank Select messages, as to whether they should be only Controller 0, only Controller 32, or both Controllers sent as a pair. Different manufacturers design their instruments to respond to different schemes, and if you send Bank Select in a form an instrument doesn’t like, it may ignore it or interpret it incorrectly. The BankMode parameter is designed to allow the greatest flexibility in addressing other MIDI instruments. Usually you can look on the MIDI Implementation chart in the user’s manual of an instrument to determine how it’s designed to receive Bank Select messages, and then set BankMode for each zone to suit the instrument that is receiving data from it. The default setting, which works with the largest number of other instruments, is Ctl 0/32.
A BankMode value of K2600 is intended for use with the K2000, K2500, or K2600. The Bank Select message is sent as Controller 32, with a value between 0 and 127. The K2000, K2500, and K2600 support only 10 banks, with 99 programs per bank, so Program Changes 100 or higher are sent as Bank Select 1, followed by the last two digits as a Program Change. For example, if Program 124 is assigned to the zone, this will be sent out the MIDI Out port as Bank Select (Controller 32) 1, and then Program Change 24.
7-7
Setup Mode
The Channel/Program (CH/PROG) Page
Entry Program Change (EntryProgChg)
This parameter enables or disables bank and program change commands sent to internal programs or to the MIDI Out jack when you select setups. If it’s set to On, the program numbers for the programs in the 16 zones will be sent via MIDI when a setup is selected. By setting this parameter to Off, you can select a setup on the PC3 without changing the internal programs or those on MIDI devices receiving from the PC3. This is useful if you want to send only controller data to the PC3 or to MIDI devices, without changing program assignments.
Arpeggiator
The Arpeggiator parameter determines if the current Zone can be played by an arpeggiator. Normally, the Arpeggiator parameter should be set to On, and the arpeggiator for each Zone should be turned on or off with the Active parameter on the ARPEGGIATOR page for each Zone (see The ARPEGGIATOR Page on page 7‐42 for details.) If the Arpeggiator parameter is set to Off, the zone will not be arpeggiated even if the Active parameter on the ARPEGGIATOR page is set to On. When a global arpeggiator is being used, the Arpeggiator parameter can be set to Off to exclude a Zone from being played by the global arpeggiator. See Arpeggiator Global (ArpGlobal) on page 7‐66 for details on setting a global arpeggiator.
7-8
Setup Mode
The Key/Velocity (KEY-VEL) Page
The Key/Velocity (KEY-VEL) Page
The Key/Velocity page allows you to set key range, velocity range, transposition, and Note Maps for each zone. Note: MIDI velocity of notes played on the PC3 keyboard are first affected by any Velocity Scale, Offset, and Curve settings made on each zone’s KEY‐VEL page. The resulting velocity is then affected by any Vel Map settings made on the Master Mode MAPS page (see page 11‐4.) Also, MIDI velocities sent to the USB or MIDI out port are first affected as explained above, and then affected by settings on the MIDI mode Transmit page (see page 10‐1.) On each of the pages mentioned above, look at the MIDI signal flow chart to see which velocity maps can affect your velocities depending on which MIDI Sources, MIDI Destinations and operating mode that you are using.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Low Key
C -1 to G9
C -1
High Key
C -1 to G9
G9
Transpose
-128 to +127 Semitones
0-
Note Map
Note Map List
Linear
Low Velocity
1 to 127
1
High Velocity
1 to 127
127
Velocity Scale
± 300%
100%
Velocity Offset
-128 to +127
0
Velocity Curve
Velocity Curve List (seeVelocity Curve
(VelCurve) on page 7-14)
Linear
7-9
Setup Mode
The Key/Velocity (KEY-VEL) Page
Low Key (LoKey), High Key (HiKey)
The LoKey and HiKey parameters define the note range of the currently selected zone. The easiest way to change these values is to press and hold the Enter button and press the key of the note you wish to enter. You can set these values with normal data entry methods as well.
You can create “negative” ranges as well. To do this, select the HiKey parameter and set its limit lower than the LoKey limit. This results in the zone being active at the top and bottom of the keyboard, but being silent in the range between the two limits. This lets you create a layer with a “hole” in the middle, which you can then fill with a different sound on another zone.
The limits of MIDI are C‐1 to G9. The untransposed 88‐key range is A0 to C8. The untransposed 76‐key range is E1 to G7.
Transpose
This changes the pitch of the zone, without changing its position on the keyboard. It changes the MIDI note numbers generated by the keys in the zone, without physically shifting the zone. The range is ‐128 to 127 semitones. Since there are 12 semitones (or half steps) to an octave, you can transpose up or down over ten octaves. If you transpose out of the range of the active voice, however, no notes will sound; MIDI note numbers will transmit, but notes will not.
Note Map
Note Map lets you change the way notes are sent from the PC3. The default setting is Linear: all notes go out as played. Pressing the Minus button takes you to Off; no notes are sent, but controllers and other non‐note data are.
Setting Note Map to Inverse effectively turns the keyboard upside‐down, with the highest key being A 0 and the lowest C 9. If you set Note Map to Constant, all of the keys on the keyboard will play the same note. The note defaults to C4, but you can change this with the Transpose parameter. This works well when you want the sound from a particular key to play with every note of another zone—for example, playing a ride cymbal with every note in a bass line.
Next are the alternating note maps, which let you divide the keyboard in some unique ways. If you are using two or more MIDI devices (including the PC3), you can expand polyphony by assigning each zone to a different alternating note map. For example, if you have two PC3s, you can assign two zones to each play the same program on a different PC3, thereby doubling polyphony.
To split a zone into one of two alternating note maps, set Note Map to 1 of 2; now the zone plays on every second key, starting on C, but won’t play on any other keys. Set another zone to 2 of 2, and this zone will play on every second key, starting on C#, thus covering the remaining keys.
Three‐ and four‐zone alternating notemaps work the same way, but cause each zone to play only on every third and every fourth key, respectively.
Note maps are also used to create drum patterns with the arpeggiator. Several of the ROM setups use this feature.
7-10
Setup Mode
The Key/Velocity (KEY-VEL) Page
Velocity Scale (VelScale)
This lets you amplify or diminish velocity response. Normal response is 100%. Higher values make the keyboard more sensitive (you don’t need to play as hard to get higher MIDI velocities) while lower values make it less sensitive (playing harder doesn’t change MIDI velocity as much). You can also set the scale to a negative number, in which case the velocity response is turned upside‐down: playing harder produces a softer sound and vice versa. This is useful for creating velocity‐based crossfades between zones. See the following section on Velocity Offset for ideas about negative scaling.
The following illustration shows what happens when you change Velocity Scale. Note that Velocity Scale is the only parameter changed in this example; the other parameters are set to their defaults (offset = 0, curve = linear, min = 1, max = 127).
127
Velocity Scale: 100%
MIDI Velocity
as you strike the keys harder (increase the
velocity) MIDI velocity increases proportionally
Velocity Scale: 200%
MIDI velocity reaches maximum on
medium strike velocity
64
Velocity Scale: 50%
MIDI velocity never reaches maximum, even on
maximum strike velocity
0
64
127
Strike Velocity
7-11
Setup Mode
The Key/Velocity (KEY-VEL) Page
Velocity Offset
VelOffset also changes the response, but in a more direct way, by adding or subtracting a constant to the key velocity. For example, if this is set to 25 (assuming a scale of 100%), then 25 is added to the velocity of every keystroke, usually making the sound that much louder. The softest possible keystroke will have a value of 25, while a keystroke with velocity of 102 will produce the same sound as a note with velocity 127 (102+25=127). Negative values diminish the response: a setting of ‐25 means the loudest velocity available will be 102, while any keystroke 25 or below will produce a velocity of 1 (a velocity value of zero has a special meaning in MIDI and cannot be used for Note Ons).
You can think of Scale as being a proportional change to the velocity, while Offset is a linear change. The maximum values for Offset are ±127. The following illustration shows the effects of Velocity Offset. Note that Velocity Offset is the only parameter changed in this example; the other parameters are set to their defaults (scale = 100%, curve = linear, min = 1, max = 127).
MIDI Velocity
127
Velocity Offset: +64
low velocity keystrikes produce
medium MIDI velocity and greater
64
Velocity Offset: -64
low velocity keystrikes result in MIDI velocity of 1;
maximum MIDI velocity reduced
0
64
Strike Velocity
7-12
127
Setup Mode
The Key/Velocity (KEY-VEL) Page
Offset and Scale work together. If scaling takes the velocity out of the ballpark — for example, you want to set it to 300% but that puts all of your notes at maximum velocity — using a negative offset, say around ‐60, can make it possible to still play at different volumes, although your curve will still be a lot steeper than normal. If you use a negative scaling, then you must use an offset: otherwise all of your velocities will end up as zeroes (well, ones actually, since a MIDI note‐on with velocity zero is something else). So to get true inverse scaling (that is, minus 100%), you must set an offset of 127 to get the full range of velocities. Setting the offset to 127 and the scale to ‐100% produces a slope like this (which is the same as the reverse linear curve):
MIDI Velocity
127
64
0
64
127
Strike Velocity
Note that Offset and Scale affect only MIDI velocities; that is, these parameters don’t change Velocity Tracking in the programs themselves. Therefore, some programs (such as organ sounds, which often have low VelTrk values) may respond only subtly to Offset and Scale, or not at all.
7-13
Setup Mode
The Key/Velocity (KEY-VEL) Page
Velocity Curve (VelCurve)
VelCurve lets you taper the velocity response. The default setting is Linear, which means that the output velocity changes directly proportionally to the played velocity.
Expand produces a curve that is less steep than the linear curve at keystrike velocities below 64, and steeper than the linear curve at keystrike velocities above 64. In other words, when you’re playing softly, you’ll notice velocity differences less than with a linear curve, while when you’re playing hard, you’ll notice velocity differences more.
Compress produces a velocity curve that is the opposite of the expanded curve—that is, you’ll notice velocity differences more when you’re playing softly than when you’re playing hard.
127
Velocity Curve: Linear
MIDI Velocity
as you hit the keys harder (increase the
velocity) MIDI velocity increases proportionally
Velocity Curve: Compress
MIDI velocity is greater at
medium strike velocity than with Linear curve
64
Velocity Curve: Expand
MIDI velocity is less at
medium strike velocity than with Linear curve
0
7-14
64
Strike Velocity
127
Setup Mode
The Key/Velocity (KEY-VEL) Page
Crossfade is designed to be used in tandem with the Reverse Crossfade curve, enabling you to perform smooth crossfades between different programs.
Bump tapers velocity response to resemble a bell curve, so that notes are loudest when your keystrike velocity is 64. Notes get softer as the keystrike velocity approaches 0 or 127.
127
Velocity Curve: Linear
MIDI Velocity
as you hit the keys harder (increase the
velocity) MIDI velocity increases proportionally
Velocity Curve: Bump
MIDI velocity is greatest at
medium strike velocity
64
Velocity Curve: Crossfade
Below medium strike velocity, MIDI velocity is less
than with Linear curve; above medium strike velocity,
MIDI velocity is greater than with Linear curve
0
64
Strike Velocity
127
The next four velocity curves are Reverse Linear (Rvrs Linear), Reverse Expand (Rvrs Expand), Reverse Compress (Rvrs Compress), and Reverse Crossfade (Rvrs Crossfade). These taper velocity in reverse of the five curves we just covered. For example, Reverse Linear’s response is such that striking a key harder will produce a lower volume, striking it softer will produce a higher volume, and so on. This provides a convenient way to achieve negative scaling, by letting you set one parameter instead of two.
127
Velocity Curve: Reverse Linear
MIDI Velocity
as you hit the keys harder (increase the
velocity) MIDI velocity decreases proportionally
Velocity Curve: Reverse Compress
MIDI velocity is more at
medium strike velocity than Reverse Linear curve
64
Velocity Curve: Reverse Expand
MIDI velocity is less at
medium strike velocity than Reverse Linear curve
Velocity Curve: Reverse Crossfade
0
64
Strike Velocity
127
Below medium strike velocity, MIDI velocity is greater
than with Reverse Linear curve; above medium strike
velocity, MIDI velocity is less than with Reverse Linear
curve
7-15
Setup Mode
The Key/Velocity (KEY-VEL) Page
Low Velocity (LoVel), HighVelocity (HiVel)
LoVel and HiVel set the minimum and maximum velocity limits that the current zone transmits. A keystroke in the current zone whose velocity — after it has been scaled and offset — is below the minimum does not generate a Note On. Neither does a keystroke whose velocity after processing is above the maximum. These parameters are useful for “velocity switching”—
having a key play different sounds depending on how hard you strike it.
The values can be anywhere from 1 to 127. As with other parameters, zones can overlap or be totally discrete, or be identical. Usually, LoVel will have a smaller value than HiVel, but as with LoKey and HiKey, you may also create a gap in velocity response, by setting negative ranges for velocity.
MIDI Velocity
127
Velocity Min: 1, Max: 64
No MIDI Note Ons are transmitted when you strike
keys with medium velocity or greater
64
0
64
Strike Velocity
127
MIDI Velocity
127
Velocity Min: 64, Max: 127
No MIDI Note Ons are transmitted unless you strike
keys with velocity of medium or greater
64
0
7-16
64
Strike Velocity
127
Setup Mode
The Pan/Volume (PAN/VOL) Page
The Pan/Volume (PAN/VOL) Page
By changing the parameters on this page, you can define how each zone sends MIDI volume and pan messages.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Entry Volume
None, 0-127
None
Exit Volume
None, 0-127
None
Entry Pan
None, 0-127
None
Exit Pan
None, 0-127
None
Entry Volume, Exit Volume
Entry Volume enables you to control the initial MIDI volume setting for each zone of the current setup. When you select a setup in Setup mode, the PC3 sends MIDI volume control (MIDI Controller 07) messages on each of the setup’s MIDI channels, according to the value of the Entry Volume parameter. This sets the starting volume level for each zone, for any value other than None. Subsequent MIDI volume control signals sent to the setup’s MIDI channels affect the volume normally.
When you exit the current setup, Exit Volume sends another MIDI Controller 07 message.
The setting of the Volume Lock parameter on the MIDI mode CHANNELS page (see Chapter 10) determines whether this parameter has any effect.
Entry Pan, Exit Pan
You can set entry and exit values for Pan as well. When you select a setup, the PC3 sends a MIDI pan control (MIDI Controller 10) message on each MIDI Channel in each zone; another MIDI pan control message is sent when you exit the setup. The Entry and Exit values for Pan are the same as those for Volume. There is also a Pan Lock parameter on the MIDI‐mode CHANNELS page, which overrides the Setup Editor’s Pan settings.
If you are trying to set the Pan and the program doesn’t seem to be responding, you should check the Mode parameter on the OUTPUT page in the Program Editor. If it is set to Fixed, then the PC3 is ignoring the MIDI Pan message; setting Mode to +MIDI allows you to control the program’s panning from the Setup Editor.
Most programs respond to pan messages on the next keystrike. This means that if you hold a note and change the pan, the current note will stay at its current position until you strike it again. However, a PC3 program that uses the PANNER algorithm will respond to real‐time pan adjustments as well.
7-17
Setup Mode
The BEND Page
The BEND Page
The parameters on the BEND page define the bend ranges for each of the three types of pitch bend messages the PC3 can respond to.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Bend Range Up (semitones)
Prog, 0 to 127 semitones
2
Bend Range Up (cents)
Prog, 100 cents
0
Bend Range Down (semitones)
Prog, 0 to 127 semitones
2
Bend Range Down (cents)
Prog, 100 cents
0
Aux Bend 1 Up
0 to 60 semitones
12
Aux Bend 1 Down
0 to 60 semitones
12
Aux Bend 2 Range
0 to 60 semitones
2
Bend Range (Semitones) and Bend Range (Cents): Up and Down
BendRangeUp(ST) and BendRangeDown(ST) sends a bend range message to an internal program or a MIDI device, telling it how to define subsequent pitch bend messages. Some programs may behave strangely when you change the Bend Range value, because they use FUNs or DSP Functions to affect the pitch wheel. In that case, you should either set the value of Bend Range to Prog, or edit the program itself.
NOTE: The settings for BendRangeUp and Down are only reflected in Setup mode. Even if you specify BendRangeUp and Down values for the control setup (setup assignments which are specified in Setup mode and used in Program mode, see page 6‐9) bend range values will not be reflected in any mode except Setup mode, and pitch bend messages in the current program (in Program mode) will result in behavior as specified for the Pitch Bend Range parameters on the COMMON page in the Program Editor.
BendRangeUp(ct) and BendRangeDown(ct) lets you fine tune the value for Bend Range (semitones). 100 cents equals one semitone, or one half‐step; you can set this parameter anywhere between 0 and 100 cents.
BendRangeUp, in both semitones and cents, affects all controllers that are set to PitchUp (in the default control setup, the PWUp parameter on the WHEEL page is assigned to PitchUp). BendRangeDown, in both semitones and cents, affects all controllers that are set to PitchDwn (in the default control setup, the PWDn parameter on the WHEEL page is assigned to PitchDwn). Any physical controller that uses the Control Destination list can be assigned to PitchUp or PitchDwn. To keep things simple though, you will normally want to use PitchUp 7-18
Setup Mode
Controllers
and PitchDwn (controller destinations 130 and 131) as a Pitch Wheel destinations (see PWUp and PWDn on The WHEEL Page on page 7‐32,) and use MIDI 21 and MIDI 15 (controller destinations 21 and 15) for other controllers, such as the Sliders and Ribbon (see Aux Bend 1 Up/
Down and Aux Bend 2 Range below.)
Keep in mind that not all MIDI devices respond to Bend Range messages. With many older MIDI instruments, you must set bend ranges on the devices themselves.
Changing programs sends a Bend Range message with the current program’s values. So does pressing Panic, which is a quick way to reset your PC3 or MIDI slaves if you’ve used a controller to modulate the bend range.
Aux Bend 1 Up and Aux Bend 1 Down
Like BendRangeUp/Down, Aux Bend 1 defines the range for Pitch Bend messages, but does so for those physical controllers assigned to controller destination 21, MIDI 21. There are two parameters related to AuxBend 1: an upward value (AuxBend1Up) and a downward value (AuxBend1Dwn). Use these parameters to set values for upward and downward pitch‐shifting. In most factory setups, AuxBend 1 is set as the destination for the optional Ribbon controller (see The RIBBON Page on page 7‐39).
Aux Bend 2 Range
The PC3 allows you to specify a third pitch bend range; this is called AuxBend 2, and it defines the range for controllers set to controller destination 15, MIDI 15. For AuxBend 2, you can set only one range for both upward and downward pitch bending. A Note About Continuous Controllers and The BEND Page:
Unlike the Pitch Wheel and Ribbon controller, other continuous controllers, such as a slider, will not automatically return to the original center pitch. This can make it hard to accurately return the controller to it’s center position by hand. In these cases, it is useful to use a separate controller for bending only up or down. For example, to have a slider only bend up, use a slider with an Add value of 64 and a Scale value of 50%, and Curv set to Linear. The bottom of the slider will now be the center pitch, and the top of the slider will be the top of your bend range. To have a slider only bend down, use a slider with an Add value of ‐127 and a Scale value of 150%, and Curv set to Linear. The top of the slider will now be the center pitch, and the bottom of the slider will be the bottom of your bend range. See page 7‐29 for more on setting continuous controller parameters.
Controllers
Controller editing is one of the strongest aspects of the PC3’s usefulness as the main controller for a sophisticated MIDI studio. In this section, we’ll talk about two different types of “controllers” as they apply to the PC3. One is the physical controllers: the wheels, buttons, pedals, etc. that you move with your fingers or feet. The other is MIDI Controllers, which are MIDI commands sent by the PC3. For our purposes, “MIDI Controllers” includes the complete set of Controllers defined by the MIDI Specification, as well as pitchbend, aftertouch, and a few other useful MIDI commands. To fend off confusion, we’ll refer to the PC3’s physical controllers with a lower‐case c, and MIDI Controllers with an upper‐case C.
Any MIDI Controller can be used as the assignment for any physical controller (and for multiple physical controllers, as well). Or in other words, any physical controller like the Mod Wheel can be programmed to send any MIDI control signal. In addition, each controller in each setup zone can be tweaked just like keyboard velocity (or any other Setup‐mode parameter). Although controller editing on the PC3 can be somewhat complex, it can also be very rewarding.
To get an idea of the expressive capabilities of Setup mode, explore the factory setups that come with the PC3.
7-19
Setup Mode
Controllers
The PC3’s physical controllers include the following:
•
The nine sliders (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I) in the Assignable Controllers section
•
The two Continuous Control Pedal jacks (CC Pedal 1 and CC Pedal 2)
•
The optional Ribbon Controller, which you can define as a one‐ or three‐section controller
•
The Pitch Wheel
•
The Modulation Wheel (Mod Wheel)
•
Keyboard aftertouch, or Mono Pressure (MPress)
•
The optional Breath Controller (which is connected to Continuous Controller Pedal 2)
•
The two Panel Switches above the Pitch and Mod Wheels and Program Buttons 1–8
•
The three Footswitch pedal jacks (1, 2, and 3)
The following tables provide an overview of the physical controllers and their parameters.
Continuous Controllers
See Continuous Controller Parameters on page 7‐29 for information on each parameter.
Physical Controller
Setup Editor
Page
Parameter:Values
Destination: Control Destination List
Scale: -300% to 300%
Sliders A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I
SLID, SLID2
Add: -128 to 127
Curve: Linear, Compress. Expand
Entry Value: None, 0 to 127
Exit Value: None, 0 to 127
CPedals 1 & 2 / Breath
CPEDAL
(same as Sliders)
Ribbon
RIBBON
(same as Sliders)
Pitch Wheel and Mod Wheel
WHEEL
(same as Sliders)
MPressure
PRESS
(same as Sliders)
Table 7-2
7-20
Continuous Controllers
Setup Mode
Controllers
Switch Controllers
See Switch Controller Parameters on page 7‐30 for information on each parameter.
Physical Controller
Setup Editor
Page
Parameter:Values
SwType: Toggle, Momentary, Note Toggle,
Note Momentary
Footswitches 1, 2, and 3
FT SW1,
FT SW2,
FT SW3
Destination: Control Destination List
On Value: None, 0 to 127
Off Value: None, 0 to 127
Entry Value: None, Off, On
Exit Value: None, Off, On
Arp and SW switches
ARP SW,
SWITCH
(same as Footswitches)
(same as Footswitches)
Programmable switches 1 to 8
SWPRG1,
SWPRG2,
SWPRG3,
SWPRG4,
SWPRG5,
SWPRG6,
SWPRG7,
SWPRG8
Table 7-3
Switch Controllers
The Controller Destination List
The table below contains the available values for the Destination parameter for each controller, in scrolling order. Note that the PC3 has destinations with Controller Numbers greater than 127—there are 128 MIDI Controllers, as dictated by the MIDI spec. Any data sent to destinations with a Controller number outside of the MIDI range (i.e., more than 127) are sent as a PC3‐
specific protocol, and are thus not sent as MIDI data, and not sent through MIDI Out.
Controller
Number
Corresponding
Destination
Name
Description
0
OFF/Bank
By default, when you enter 0 or Clear for the Destination
parameter, the destination will be assigned to OFF. To select
Bank as the destination, use the Alpha Wheel or -/+ buttons.
1
MWheel
Default assignment for Mod Wheel
2
Breath
Default assignment for Breath Controller
3
MIDI 03
4
Foot
Default assignment for CC Pedal 2
5
PortTim
Monophonic PC3 programs respond to this Controller if
portamento is turned on
Table 7-4
Controller Destination List
7-21
Setup Mode
Controllers
Controller
Number
Description
6
Data
Almost all PC3 programs have this Controller assigned to
filter frequency or brightness
7
Volume
MIDI Volume
8
Balance
MIDI Balance
9
MIDI 09
10
Pan
MIDI Pan—programs which use the PANNER algorithm will
respond to real-time pan adjustments; all other programs will
respond on the next note start
11
Express
MIDI Expression—Default assignment for CC Pedal 1. An
attenuator for fading in and out. It scales between minimum
(0) and the current value of Volume
12
MIDI 12
13
MIDI 13
Default assignment for Slider B
14
MIDI 14
15
MIDI 15
16
Ctl A
17
Ctl B
18
Ctl C
19
Ctl D
20
MIDI 20
21
MIDI 21
Default destination for Ribbon, controls pitchbend for
AuxBend1. (see The BEND Page on page 7-18)
22–28
MIDI 22–28
Default destinations for Sliders C to I
29
MIDI 29
Default destination for SW button
30, 31
MIDI 30, 31
MIDI Controllers 30, 31
32
Bank
33–63
33–63
MIDI Controllers 33–63
64
Sustain
Default destination for Footswitch 1
65
MIDI 65
66
Sostenut
Default destination for Footswitch 2—holds notes that are
currently down, but not notes played subsequently (see
Sostenuto Pedal (SosPdl) on page 6-20)
67
Soft
Default destination for Footswitch 3— lowers the volume by a
preset amount and may soften the timbre as well (see The
Footswitch Pages (FT SW1, FT SW2, FT
SW3) on page 7-36)
68
Legato
Forces mono playback
69
Freeze
Envelopes freeze at current state
70–83
MIDI 70–83
MIDI Controllers 70–83
Table 7-4
7-22
Corresponding
Destination
Name
Controls pitchbend for AuxBend2. (see The BEND
Page on page 7-18)
Controller Destination List (Continued)
Setup Mode
Controllers
Controller
Number
Corresponding
Destination
Name
Description
84
Portamen
Portamento control, best with mono voices, value is relative
to key range, makes pitch momentarily slide to a note
85–90
MIDI 85–90
MIDI Controllers 85–90
91
GM Reverb
With PC3 in General MIDI mode, controls Reverb send level
92
MIDI 92
93
GM Chorus
With PC3 in General MIDI mode, controls Chorus send level
94-95
MIDI 94-95
MIDI Controllers 94–95
96
Data Inc
Equivalent to pressing the plus button
97
Data Dec
Equivalent to pressing the minus button
98
NRegParL
Non-Registered Parameter Least Significant Byte
99
NRegParM
Non-Registered Parameter Most Significant Byte
100
RegParL
Registered Parameter Least Significant Byte
101
RegParM
Registered Parameter Most Significant Byte
102-108
MIDI 102-108
MIDI Controllers 102–108
109
MIDI 109
Set’s arpeggiator velocity when ARPEGGIATOR velocity is
set to MIDI 109 mode
110-119
MIDI 110-119
MIDI Controllers 110–119
120
Sound Off
Stops all sound in the corresponding channel
121
RstCtls
Reset Controllers to defaults in the corresponding channel
122
Local
123
Notes Off
124
Poly
125
Omni
126
Mono On
Sends Note Off Message to all playing notes in the
corresponding channel
127
Mono Off
128
Pitch
Pitch—values above and below 64 bend the pitch up and
down, respectively
129
PitchRev
Pitch—values above and below 64 bend the pitch down and
up, respectively
130
PitchUp
Pitch—values above 0 bend the pitch up
131
PitchDwn
Pitch—values above 0 bend the pitch down
132
Pressure
Pressure
133
Tempo
Tempo
134
KeyNum
Triggers playback of notes by Key Number—e.g., C4 is 60
135
KeyVel
Key Velocity
136
ProgInc
Program Increment—increments current program number
137
ProgDec
Program Decrement—decrements current program number
138
ProgGoto
Go to Program—selects program
Table 7-4
Controller Destination List (Continued)
7-23
Setup Mode
Controllers
Controller
Number
Description
139
SetupInc
Setup Increment—increments current setup number
140
SetupDec
Setup Decrement—increments current setup number
141
SetpGoto
Go to Setup—selects setup
142
Start
Sequencer function
143
Stop
Sequencer function
144
Continue
Sequencer function
145
TransUp
Transpose Up (ST)
146
TransDown
Transpose Down (ST)
147
ArpOn
Any value turns Arpeggiator On. (SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR
Page on page 7-42)
148
ArpOff
Any Value turns Arpeggiator Off. (SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR
Page on page 7-42)
149
MuteZn
Mute Zone – values above 64 will mute the zone, values
below or equal to 64 will unmute the zone.
150
ArpOrder
Arpeggiator Order, each range of values selects one of nine
options in order on parameters list: 0-14, 15-28, 29-42, 43-56,
57-70, 71-84, 85-98, 99-112, 113-127. (SeeThe
ARPEGGIATOR Page on page 7-42)
151
ArpBeats
Arpeggiator Beats, each range of values selects one of seven
options in order on parameters list: 0-18, 19-36, 37-54, 55-72,
73-90, 91-108, 109-127. (SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR
Page on page 7-42)
152
ArpShift
The 88 Arpeggiator Shift steps are scaled over the 128 MIDI
controller values, so that 0 = 0 steps and 127 = 88 steps.
(SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR Page on page 7-42)
153
ArpLimit
The 60 Arpeggiator Shift Limit steps are scaled over the 128
MIDI controller values, so that 0 = 0 steps and 127 = 60
steps. (SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR Page on page 7-42)
154
ArpLmtOp
Arpeggiator Shift Limit Option, each range of values selects
one of seven options in order on parameters list: 0-18, 19-36,
37-54, 55-72, 73-90, 91-108, 109-127. (SeeThe
ARPEGGIATOR Page on page 7-42)
155
ArpVel
Arpeggiator Velocity, each range of values selects one of
twenty-three options in order on parameters list: 0-5, 6-10,
11-15...101-105, 106-110, 111-127. (SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR
Page on page 7-42)
156
ArpDur
The Arpeggiator Duration % values are scaled over the 128
MIDI controller values, so that 0 = 1% and 127 = 100%.
(SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR Page on page 7-42)
157
Latch
For Arpeggiator Latch Pedals mode, 0-63 = off, 64-127 = on.
(SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR 2 Page on page 7-49)
158
Latch2
For Arpeggiator Latch Pedals mode, 0-63 = off, 64-127 = on.
(SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR 2 Page on page 7-49)
Table 7-4
7-24
Corresponding
Destination
Name
Controller Destination List (Continued)
Setup Mode
Controllers
Controller
Number
Corresponding
Destination
Name
Description
159
ArpGliss
Arpeggiator Gliss, 0-63 = off, 64-127 = on. (SeeThe
ARPEGGIATOR 2 Page on page 7-49)
160
SusLatch
For Arpeggiator Latch Pedals mode, 0-63 = off, 64-127 = on.
(SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR 2 Page on page 7-49)
161
Panic
Panic
162
SoloZn
Solo Zone
163
RiffOn
Riff On (See Riffs on page 7-55)
164
RiffOff
Riff Off (See Riffs on page 7-55)
165
RiffDur
Riff Duration (See Riffs on page 7-55)
166
RiffVel
Riff Velocity (See Riffs on page 7-55)
167
RiffDly
Riff Delay (See Riffs on page 7-55)
168
TapTempo
Tap Tempo (See TEMPO on page 11-10)
169
KB3Mutes
KB3 Mutes—in Setup Mode, values of 63 and below disable
the Bank buttons for controlling KB3 programs in that setup,
and a values above 64 enable them
170
-Arp Shift
Sets ARPEGGIATOR values for Shift to negative. 0-63 = off,
64-127 = on. (SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR Page on page 7-42)
171
ShiftPatt
Selects one of the 128 patterns in the current
ARPEGGIATOR ShiftPatt Bank. (SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR
Page on page 7-42)
172
ShiftPBank
A controller value selects the corresponding ShiftPatt Bank
for the ARPEGGIATOR page of a controller’s zone. For
example, controller value 2 selects ShiftPatt bank 2,
controller value 7 selects ShiftPatt bank 7. (SeeThe
ARPEGGIATOR Page on page 7-42)
173
VelPatt
Selects one of the 128 patterns in the current
ARPEGGIATOR VelPatt Bank. (SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR
Page on page 7-42)
174
VelPBank
A controller value selects the corresponding VelPatt Bank for
the ARPEGGIATOR page of a controller’s zone. For
example, controller value 2 selects VelPatt bank 2, controller
value 7 selects VelPatt bank 7. (SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR
Page on page 7-42)
175
VelFixed
Set’s arpeggiator velocity when ARPEGGIATOR velocity is
set to Fixed. (SeeThe ARPEGGIATOR Page on page 7-42)
176
ShKeyNum
Shift Key Number (see below)
177
ShiftKey
Shift Key (see below)
178
ShKeyNuV
Same as 176 ShKeyNum, but the Shift Pattern’s velocity will
be modified by the current velocity pattern of the zone.
Table 7-4
Controller Destination List (Continued)
7-25
Setup Mode
Controllers
Shift Key Number, Shift Key (ShKeyNum, ShiftKey)
These controller destinations allow you to play musical scales and single note patterns on any programmable continuous controller in a setup, without the need of playing the physical keys of the keyboard. These features are especially useful for playing fast arpeggiations. These destinations only work when combined with other destinations and features, so be sure to read this whole section to gain a complete understanding. Using a Kurzweil Ribbon as a controller gives you the most options, but these destinations can also be controlled by any slider, pedal, key pressure, etc. Using the Kurzweil Ribbon provides more accurate control since it has a longer physical range than other controllers. Also, if you set it in Absolute mode, you can jump from one note to any other note in the pattern in any octave. With a slider you have to go through all the intermediate notes of the pattern. A way of partially doing this with sliders is to assign the Shift Key Number controller to several sliders with different ranges. (See The Ribbon Configuration (RIBCFG) Page on page 7‐40 for details on Ribbon options, and Scale and Add on page 7‐29 for details on changing controller ranges.)
Shift Key Number (ShKeyNum, controller destination 176) works in a similar way to Key Number (KeyNum, controller destination 134). Both controllers basically generate a monophonic stream of notes. The difference is that Key Number plays through all notes chromatically, while Shift Key Number only plays notes relative to a Shift Pattern. For example, when controlling Shift Key Number from a slider, notes are triggered from a Shift Pattern in forwards order as you move the slider up, and backwards order as you move the slider down. If in our zone we have selected the Shift Pattern 2: minor, the notes being played by the slider will be only the root, the minor third and fifth in the chosen key, triggering notes in any octave up and down the keyboard. (See Shift Key below for details on selecting the root note and octave.)
Selecting The Desired Notes:
You must select a Shift Pattern for the desired zone in order for Shift Key Number to have an effect. To select a Shift Pattern for the current zone in a setup, enter the setup editor and go to the ARPEGGIATOR page. Select a Shift Pattern from the ShiftPatt field. If using multiple zones, a different pattern can be selected for each. The ShiftPatt field is usually used with the arpeggiator, but can also be used in combination with the controller destinations Shift Key Note, Shift Key, and Key Velocity. These destinations can use a zone’s Shift Pattern whether the arpeggiator is on or off without conflict. For more information on Shift Patterns such as editing and saving, see Shift Pattern (ShiftPatt) on page 7‐47. (Note that the ShiftPatt Up or Down options, as well as any of the arpeggiator parameters other than ShiftPatt do not have an effect on Shift Key Number.) You can also set controllers to destination 171 (ShiftPatt) to select a pattern from the current bank of 128 shift patterns, and destination 172 (ShiftPBank) to select a bank from banks of 128 shift patterns each.
Selecting The Desired Velocity:
In order to have a note sound when using Shift Key Number, you first need to send a Key Velocity message (KeyVel, controller destination 135) with a non zero velocity. You must set a controller to this destination, it’s useful to set a slider or other continuous controller in order to control velocity while playing. The next notes to be triggered by Shift Key Number will be played with the last received KeyVel velocity. One note triggered by these controllers sounds until another note is triggered or until a KeyVel message with velocity 0 is sent. 7-26
Setup Mode
Controllers
Selecting The Desired Key (Root Note):
Shift Key (ShiftKey, controller destination 177) allows the user to select the key (root note) of the Shift Pattern triggered by Shift Key Number. A Shift Pattern is a relative pattern based on a root note. All notes triggered by a Shift Pattern are shifted from the root note by the value of each pattern step (in half‐steps.) Shift Key Settings
Value
Key (root note)
0-9
C
10-19
C#
20-29
D
30-39
D#
40-49
E
50-59
F
60-68
F#
69-78
G
79-88
G#
89-98
A
99-108
A#
109-118
B
119-127
Last Note Played
When using a Shift Pattern with Shift Key Number you can select the key with one or more controllers set to the Shift Key destination. You can use a continuous controller such as a slider to cycle through keys, or switches set to predetermined keys. For example, if you are playing a song that moves between 2 or 3 keys, a couple of switches could be programmed in order to send the appropriate Shift Key message for each key change. That way all the notes you are triggering with a Shift Key Number controller will be in the appropriate scale. You could also create a setup for a song with multiple zones, each with its own pre‐set key and appropriate shift pattern. That way, for each chord change you could move a different controller that would create the correct harmony.
Another way to choose a key is to set Shift Key to Last Note Played mode, in which the last note played in the zone will set the key. For example, you could set the zone being used for Shift Key Number to have a Key Range that covers only a few of the keyboard’s lowest octaves. This would allow you to play root note bass lines that change the key that Shift Key Number plays in, leaving the upper octaves of the keyboard open for use by other zones. If Shift Key is set to Last Note Played and no note is played, the default key is C. Each zone can have a different Shift Key, so you can have zones preprogrammed with the keys you want to use, or have them all in the same key, or just change the key in real time while you are playing.
7-27
Setup Mode
Controllers
A Note About Octave Range:
When using Shift Key Number, shift patterns with more than 12 steps begin triggering notes in higher octaves. This is done because longer shift patterns use up more of a controller’s range, and limit the number of octaves that a single controller can trigger. Since the lowest octave of a program is often too low to be musically useful, the PC3 will automatically start triggering notes from longer shift patterns in higher octaves. This saves room in the controller’s range of values for triggering more useful octaves. See the table below for Shift Pattern step ranges and their corresponding starting octave.
Default Octave Shifting
Total # of Shift Pattern Steps
Starting Octave
1-12
C0-C1
13-24
C1-C2
25-36
C2-C3
37-48
C3-C4
Selecting The Desired Octave Range:
You adjust the starting octave manually, using the Add parameter on the corresponding controller’s setup page. In the Add field, the addition or subtraction of the number of steps in your current shift pattern will raise or lower the starting octave in relationship to the default starting octave. For example, in a shift pattern with 3 steps, an Add value of 9 would cause a controller value of 0 to make Shift Key Number trigger notes in octave C3‐C‐4, 3 octaves above the default C0‐C1. Add values that are not multiples of the number of current shift pattern steps will change which step the pattern begins on at controller value 0, thus offsetting the relationship between all of the controller’s values and current shift pattern’s steps.
Adjusting Controller Range:
When using Shift Key Number, the number of steps in the Shift Pattern also affects the range of values that will cause a controller to trigger a shift pattern step, and in turn affect the useful range of the physical controller. With a shift pattern of 12 notes, the 128 different notes that the PC3 can trigger are evenly spaced over the range of the controller. Patterns with less than 12 steps will trigger notes in every octave over a shorter range of the controller. For example, in a shift pattern with 3 steps, by default the controller values 0 to 2 will trigger notes starting in the lowest possible octave, and controller values 27 to 30 will trigger notes in the highest possible full octave. Using a slider for this controller, only about 1/4th of the length of the slider would be triggering notes. This decreased useful range makes the controller harder to use accurately. To remedy this, you can adjust a controllers behavior by using the Scale parameter on the corresponding controller’s setup page (see Scale below.) Adjust the Scale value to stretch the useful values of the controller across it’s whole physical range. A scale value of less than 100% will be helpful for patterns with fewer than 12 steps. Experiment by adjusting the scale value until the highest desired note is triggered at the top of the controller’s physical range. See Scale in the Continuous Controller Parameters section of this chapter for more details on the Scale parameter. For shift patterns with more than 12 steps, you will run out of controller values before your shift pattern triggers in every octave. If you want to be able to access all of the available octaves, you can achieve this by setting multiple controllers to Shift Key Number. Next, use the Scale and Add parameters for each controller, adjusting each to trigger the desired range of octaves (see Add below.)
7-28
Setup Mode
Controllers
Continuous Controller Parameters
The continuous (physical) controllers are those that have a range of values: the two wheels, the optional ribbon controller, the nine sliders, the two Continuous Control pedals, the optional breath controller (the jack of which is connected to CC pedal 2), and mono pressure (aftertouch). As the table on page 7‐20 shows, all of them use the same parameters. Each parameter’s function is described below.
Dest
Use this parameter to select a destination from the MIDI Controller Destination list (see page 7‐21).
Scale
After you’ve selected a continuous physical controller, you can modify the controller’s response similarly to the ways you can modify velocity response. Refer to the graphs beginning on page 7‐11 for illustrations of the velocity scaling parameters.
Scale lets you amplify or diminish the action of the controller. Full scale is 100%. Higher values will make the controller more sensitive, and lower values will make it less so. Setting the scale to a negative number makes the controller action work in reverse. As with velocity, you can use a controller to crossfade between two zones by setting the scaling for one zone positive and the other negative. Maximum scale values are +300% and ‐300%.
Add
This adds or subtracts a constant to the controller, and at the same time sets minimum or maximum values (there’s no need for separate Max and Min parameters). If Add is 25, the minimum value of the controller will be 25. If it is ‐25 (and scale is 100%) the first one‐fifth of the controller’s movement (25/127 Ý 1/5) will send value of 0, and the maximum value of the controller will be 102 (= 127‐25). As with velocity, Scale is a proportional change to the controller, while Offset is a linear change. The values for Offset range from ‐128 to 127.
Curv
This lets you taper the controller response. The default setting is Linear, which means that the response follows a straight line as you move the controller.
Setting Curv to Expand produces a curve that is less steep than the linear curve at keystrike velocities below 64, and steeper than the linear curve at keystrike velocities above 64. In other words, when you’re playing softly, you’ll notice velocity differences less than with a linear curve, while when you’re playing hard, you’ll notice velocity differences more.
Setting Curv to Compress produces a velocity curve that is the opposite of the expanded curve—that is, you’ll notice velocity differences more when you’re playing softly than when you’re playing hard.
You can also create “reverse” versions of the three described curves. First, select your desired curve. Then set the Scale parameter to ‐100%, and set the Add parameter to 127. This makes the selected controller send a value of 127 when all the way down and a value of 0 when all the way up.
To get an idea of how these curves affect controller response, refer to the Velocity Curve charts, which begin on page 7‐11.
7-29
Setup Mode
Controllers
Entry (Ent) and Exit Values
Entry value allows you to specify an initial value for a controller in a Setup that will be sent whenever you select that Setup. For example, if you want to make sure that all of the modulation for the Program in a Zone is turned off when you select a Setup, use the Setup Editor to assign a physical controller to a destination of MIDI 01 (MWheel) and set Entry Value to 0. (The Mod Wheel is usually assigned to destination MIDI 01 MWheel, which is used to control a modulation parameter for most Programs.)
Entry values ignore the current position of the physical controller when the setup is selected. By default, once the Setup is loaded and the entry values have been sent, moving a controller will instantly send new controller values. This can cause a jump in values if the controller happens to be set to a value far from its entry value. To avoid these jumps, change the SetupCtls parameter in Master Mode to PassEntry (see Setup Controllers (SetupCtls) on page 11‐2 for details.) With SetupCtls set to PassEntry, moving the controller will have no effect until it moves past its entry value. In this case, continuing the modulation example above, moving the assigned controller won’t turn on any modulation until it’s pushed all the way down (passing entry value 0,) and then up again.
An entry value of None is quite different from a value of 0. None means that there will be no initial controller command when the setup is selected, and any subsequent movement of the physical controller will be effective.
Exit Value tells the PC3 to send a value for that controller whenever you leave the setup, either by selecting another setup or by selecting a different mode altogether. It can be very useful when a controller is doing something to the sound, and you don’t want that effect to continue after you leave the setup. For example, if you want to make sure a zone’s pitch returns to normal whenever you leave a setup, you would set Exit Value to 64 for any controller whose Destination parameter is set to PitchUp. Again, None means no command is sent.
Note: Programs can also be saved with controller entry values (on the Program Editor CONTROLLERS page.) When a Setup is loaded, entry values for the Programs in the Setup are sent first, followed by the entry values for the Setup. Because of this, if a Setup and a Program used by a Setup have entry values set for the same controller, the entry value for the Setup will be used. If a Program used by a Setup has an entry value set for a controller, but the Setup has an entry value of None for the same controller, the entry value from the Program is used.
Switch Controller Parameters
Switch (physical) controllers have only two states: on and off. The PC3 switch controllers are:
•
Panel Switches Arp and SW
•
Footswitch Pedals 1, 2, and 3
•
Programmable Switches 1–8 (Program Select buttons 1–8)
Keep in mind the following two things when working with the PC3’s switches. First, in Setup Mode the Bank buttons above the sliders are dedicated to zone status and muting, and are not assignable controllers. (If the setup contains a KB3 Program, the Bank buttons can be used to control KB3 functions, see Mutes on page 7‐66 for details.) Second, in Program mode, the Programmable Switch buttons function as Program Select buttons if none of them are assigned to a destination in the control setup (see Control Setup on page 6‐9 for details.) If at least one Programmable Switch is assigned in the control setup, then the assigned Programmable Switch buttons act as assigned, but none of the buttons function as Program Select buttons.
7-30
Setup Mode
Controllers
Switch Type (Type)
The parameters for switch controllers are slightly different from those for continuous controllers. The first parameter is Type. The choices available are Momentary in which a switch’s action lasts only as long as you are pushing it, and Toggle, in which the switch’s action lasts until you press it again.
Momentary mode is used for functions like sustain or portamento, while Toggle mode is used for functions such as arpeggiator on/off. The buttons show which mode they are in by the behavior of their lights: if a button is in Momentary mode, its light glows only as long as you are holding it, while if it is in Toggle mode, the light stays on until you press it again. Bear in mind that button assignments are independent per zone, and since there’s just a single light per button, the light shows the state of the button only for the current zone. When you press the button, however, it executes its assignments for all zones that use that button.
On Control (OnControl)
OnControl determines what MIDI Controller or other message will be sent when the switch is on—that is, either pressed and held or toggled from the off position. The list of available controllers on page 7‐21 is the same as for the continuous controllers, and can be accessed the same way.
Off Control (OffControl)
OffControl determines what MIDI Controller or other message will be sent when the switch is off—that is, either unpressed or toggled from the on position. The list of available controllers on page 7‐21 is the same as for the continuous controllers, and can be accessed the same way.
OnValue
OnValue sets the value of the Controller when the switch is on. In the case of conventionally switched functions, such as sustain, the OnValue will be 127. (For example, the default for Footswitch 1 is Controller 64 — Sustain — with an On Value of 127.) However, you might want to use a button or pedal as a “soft” switch, in which case you might set OnControl to 7 (Volume) and OnValue to 50, and OffControl to 7 and OffValue to 127. OnControl and OffControl can also both be set to Off, so that turning on the switch has no effect at all in this zone. This can be useful when you are using one switch for multiple functions in different zones.
OffValue
OffValue is the value of the Controller when the switch is off. The default value is 0. You might want to change this, as in the “soft switch” example above: in order to bring the zone up to full volume when you release the pedal, set OffValue to 127.
Entry (Ent) and Exit States
Entry State determines whether an initial setting for the switch will be sent when the setup is selected. There are three choices: None (no change), Off (the Off value), and On (the On value). With a Panel Switch button, if the Entry State is On, the button will light as soon as you select the setup.
Exit State similarly determines whether a setting for the switch will be sent when you leave the setup, either for another setup or for Program mode. The same three choices (On, Off, and None) are available. This is very useful for turning off sustains when changing setups.
7-31
Setup Mode
The WHEEL Page
The WHEEL Page
The two wheels are typical of what is found on many keyboards. The left one is normally used for pitch bend and springs back to center, while the right wheel is normally used as a standard Mod Wheel. On the Wheel page in the Setup editor, the pitch wheel has two parameters—one for pushing the pitch wheel up and one for pushing it down—whereas the mod wheel has one.
The WHEEL page parameters are described in Continuous Controller Parameters on page 7‐29.
7-32
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Destination (PWUp)
Control Destination List
PitchUp
Destination (PWDn)
Control Destination List
PitchDwn
Destination (MWhl)
Control Destination List
MWheel
Scale
± 300%
100%
Add
-128 to 127
0
Curve
Linear, Compress, Expand
Linear
Entry Value
None, 0 to 127
None
Exit Value
None, 0 to 127
None
Setup Mode
The SLIDER and SLID2 Pages
The SLIDER and SLID2 Pages
You can assign each of the PC3’s nine programmable sliders to a destination on each of the 16 zones. Or, you can assign any combination of sliders to the same zone, allowing you tremendous flexibility. For example, you can assign Sliders A and B to modulate pitch and volume on Zone 1, then assign Slider C to control panning on Zones 2, 3, and 10.
The SLIDER soft button gives you access to Sliders A–E. Press the SLID2 soft button to program Sliders F–I. The SLIDER page parameters are described in Continuous Controller Parameters on page 7‐29.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Destination (Slider A)
Control Destination List
Data
Destination (Slider B)
Control Destination List
MIDI 13
Destination (Slider C)
Control Destination List
MIDI 22
Destination (Slider D)
Control Destination List
MIDI 23
Destination (Slider E)
Control Destination List
MIDI 24
Destination (Slider F)
Control Destination List
MIDI 25
Destination (Slider G)
Control Destination List
MIDI 26
Destination (Slider H)
Control Destination List
MIDI 27
Destination (Slider I)
Control Destination List
MIDI 28
Scale
±300%
100%
Add
-128 to +127
0
Curve
Linear, Compress, Expand
Linear
Entry Value
None, 0 to 127
None
Exit Value
None, 0 to 127
None
7-33
Setup Mode
The Continuous Control Pedal (CPEDAL) Page
The Continuous Control Pedal (CPEDAL) Page
If you look at the back of the instrument, you will see that there are two jacks for plugging in two CC (Continuous Control) pedals and a jack labeled Breath Controller. Like the nine programmable sliders, you can assign these controllers on each of the 16 zones, or you can assign any combination of these controllers to the same zone.
The CPEDAL page parameters are described in Continuous Controller Parameters on page 7‐29.
7-34
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Destination (CPed1)
Control Destination List
Express
Destination (CPed2)
Control Destination List
Foot
Destination (Breath)
Control Destination List
Breath
Scale
± 300%
100%
Add
-128 to +127
0
Curve
Linear, Compress, Expand
Linear
Entry Value
None, 0 to 127
None
Exit Value
None, 0 to 127
None
Setup Mode
The Pressure (PRESS) Page
The Pressure (PRESS) Page
The PC3 features mono pressure, commonly called aftertouch on other keyboards.
A word about pressure: Key Range in a zone does not define which notes will generate pressure in that zone. If pressure is enabled in a zone, playing with aftertouch anywhere on the keyboard will produce data. For example, if Zone 1’s Key Range is C3–C5 and you play C2 and push down on the note, pressure messages will be sent from Zone 1. As with any other physical controller, however, you can disable pressure in any zone, or scale it or offset it differently in the various zones. It might help to think of pressure as an extra wheel—wheels operate in a zone regardless of Key Range, and so does pressure.
The PRESS page parameters are described in Continuous Controller Parameters on page 7‐29.
Note: MIDI pressure generated on the PC3 keyboard is first affected by any Pressure Scale, Offset, and Curve settings made on each zone’s PRESSURE page. The resulting pressure values are then affected by any Press Map settings made on the Master Mode MAPS page (see page 11‐6.) Also, MIDI pressure messages sent to the USB or MIDI out port are first affected as explained above, and then affected by settings on the MIDI mode Transmit page (see page 10‐1.) On each of the pages mentioned above, look at the MIDI signal flow chart to see which pressure maps can affect your velocities depending on which MIDI Sources, MIDI Destinations and operating mode that you are using.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Destination
Control Destination List
MPress
Scale
± 300%
100%
Add
-128 to +127
0
Curve
Linear, Compress, Expand
Linear
Entry Value
None, 0 to 127
None
Exit Value
None, 0 to 127
None
7-35
Setup Mode
The Footswitch Pages (FT SW1, FT SW2, FT SW3)
The Footswitch Pages (FT SW1, FT SW2, FT SW3)
On the back of the instrument, there are three jacks for Footswitch pedals.
There are three Footswitch pages, one for each Footswitch. The range of values for their respective Destination parameters is the Control Destination list. The FT SW page parameters are described in Switch Controller Parameters on page 7‐30.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Type
Momentary, Toggle
Momentary
On Control
Control Destination List
Ft Sw2: Sostenut
On Value
None, 0 to 127
127
Off Control
Control Destination List
Off Value
None, 0 to 127
Entry State
None, Off, On
None
Exit State
None, Off, On
None
Ft Sw1: Sustain
Ft Sw3: Soft
Ft Sw1: Sustain
Ft Sw2: Sostenut
Ft Sw3: Soft
7-36
0
Setup Mode
The Arpeggiator Switch (ARP SW) Page
The Arpeggiator Switch (ARP SW) Page
The PC3 keyboard offers two Panel switches, located above the pitch and mod wheels. The left switch is the Arp (short for “arpeggiator”) button. By default, the Arp switch functions as the arpeggiator switch, and toggles on and off the PC3 arpeggiator, but you can assign this switch to any Controller.
See The ARPEGGIATOR Page on page 7‐42 for information on how to configure the PC3’s arpeggiator.
The ARP SW page parameters are described in Switch Controller Parameters on page 7‐30.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Type
Momentary, Toggled
Toggled
On Control
Control Destination List
ArpOn
On Value
None, 0 to 127
127
Off Control
Control Destination List
ArpOff
Off Value
None, 0 to 127
0
Entry Value
None, Off, On
None
Exit Value
None, Off, On
None
7-37
Setup Mode
The SWITCH Page
The SWITCH Page
The right Panel switch is the SW button, located above the Modwheel. By default, this switch is assigned to MIDI29, but you can assign this switch to any MIDI Controller.
The SWITCH page parameters are described in Switch Controller Parameters on page 7‐30.
7-38
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Type
Momentary, Toggled
Toggled
On Control
Control Destination List
MIDI29
On Value
None, 0 to 127
127
Off Control
Control Destination List
MIDI29
Off Value
None, 0 to 127
0
Entry Value
None, Off, On
None
Exit Value
None, Off, On
None
Setup Mode
The RIBBON Page
The RIBBON Page
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Destination
Control Destination List
MIDI21
Scale
± 300%
100%
Add
-128 to +127
0
Curve
Linear, Compress, Expand
Linear
Entry Value
None, 0 to 127
None
Exit Value
None, 0 to 127
None
The RIBBON page lets you define the controller assignment for the PC3’s optional ribbon controller. The ribbon controller senses movement when you press on it and move your finger left or right; this creates numerous possibilities for controlling pitch, volume, panning, crossfades between zones, or any other uses you might imagine.
In Program mode the ribbon controls an octave of pitch bend by default. This is because when using the default Control Setup 126 Internal Voices, the ribbon is set to the destination MIDI21, which controls Aux Bend 1 (see Aux Bend 1 Up and Aux Bend 1 Down on page 7‐19 for details.) See page 6‐9 for more about the Control Setup.
The optional Ribbon controller can be used as a single long controller, or it can be divided into three separate sections, each with its own controller assignments (this is done on the RIBCFG page, see below). The two small arrows above the strip indicate the boundaries of the three sections. The large arrow above the ribbon points to the center of the ribbon, for when the ribbon is configured in one section.
Note that there are three assignable parameter groups on the RIBBON page. When the Ribbon is set to act as a single section controller, the only parameters that affect its behavior are those of Section 1 (Sect1). When the Ribbon is set to act as a three‐section controller, each parameter group affects only its respective Ribbon section.
To modify other ribbon parameters, go to the The Ribbon Configuration (RIBCFG) Page (see The Ribbon Configuration (RIBCFG) Page below for details.)
The RIBBON page parameters are described in Continuous Controller Parameters on page 7‐29.
Note: When used as a one section controller, the ribbon sends two MIDI CC numbers (MSB and LSB in the MIDI spec,) giving the ribbon a resolution of 768 steps, instead of the 128 steps that one MIDI CC provides. This allows the ribbon to have finer control of a parameter compared to other continuous controllers. To take advantage of this, assign the destination for Sect1 to a CC number between 0 and 31, and the ribbon will additionally send to a destination 32 higher than the set destination. For example, MIDI22 would also send to the destination MIDI54. In this case, if you set a Program parameter source field to MIDI22, the parameter will automatically also use MIDI54 as a source, enabling the 768 step 7-39
Setup Mode
The Ribbon Configuration (RIBCFG) Page
resolution when using the one section ribbon. The additional source that is automatically used will not be seen in the Program Editor (this happens behind the scenes,) but both CC numbers will be sent to the MIDI Out and USB port. (Also note, MIDI32 through MIDI63 are not available in the Program parameter source fields, as they are reserved for using CC numbers 0‐31 as described above.) When the ribbon is used as a one section controller, if a MIDI CC above 63 is used as the destination for Sect1, only one CC number will be sent and the ribbon will have a resolution of 128 steps. When the ribbon is used as a three section controller, each section will only send one CC number and each section will have a resolution of 128 steps.
The Ribbon Configuration (RIBCFG) Page
Once you’ve selected a destination for the optional Ribbon controller, you can use the parameters on the RIBCFG page to define how the ribbons respond to finger position and pressure.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Ribbon Configuration
One Section, Three Sections
One Section
Position Mode
Relative, Absolute
Relative
Spring
On, Off
On
Center
0 to 127
64
Ribbon Configuration
You can use the Ribbon as one controller, or divide it up into three smaller sections, each with its own controller assignments. Choose a value of One Section or Three Sections for the Ribbon Configuration parameter. With Three Sections chosen, the page changes such that you can adjust the parameters of each section:
7-40
Setup Mode
The Ribbon Configuration (RIBCFG) Page
Position Mode (PosMode)
When you touch the Ribbon, the PC3 responds in one of two ways, depending on the setting of the PosMode parameter. Relative means that wherever you touch the Ribbon becomes the “zero point” for whatever the Ribbon is controlling; you won’t notice any change in the sound until you slide your finger. Relative mode tends to be the most natural for performance—just wiggle your finger anywhere on the Ribbon to get vibrato in many factory programs and setups. You get the same effect no matter where you do the wiggling.
Absolute means that the zero point for the Ribbon is always at exactly the same physical location on the ribbon. By default this is the center of the Ribbon, although you can use the Center parameter to put the zero point elsewhere. In Absolute mode, just touching the Ribbon affects the sound (unless you touch it at exactly the zero point). Every movement you make along the Ribbon sends control values based on how far you are from the zero point.
Spring
When Spring is On, the Controller to which you’ve assigned the Ribbon “springs” back to its zero point automatically when you lift your finger off the ribbon. This is generally the behavior you want.
When Spring is Off, the Controller to which you’ve assigned the Ribbon sticks at its current value when you lift your finger off the Ribbon. While this can be useful, you should be careful with it. When Spring is Off, if the Ribbon is doing something when you exit the setup, it’ll continue doing that when you return to the setup. This can be good or bad. If you want to set Spring to Off in a setup, but want to be sure of the initial sound of the setup, go to the RIBBON page in the setup, and for each Ribbon for which you’ve set Spring to Off, set the entry value (Ent) parameter to a value of 0 (or whatever you like).
Center
This defines the zero point for the Ribbon (or for each section on the Ribbon)—the point at which the Controller to which the Ribbon is assigned has no effect on the sound. You can choose any point between 0 and 127. A value of 64 puts the zero point in the physical center of the Ribbon. Values of 0 and 127 place the zero point at the section’s extreme left and extreme right. Note that setting the Spring parameter to Off disables the Center parameter for that ribbon.
The value you choose for this parameter can have considerable effect. In many factory setups, for example, the Ribbon affects pitch. In these setups, changing the value of the Center parameter would transpose the setup.
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The ARPEGGIATOR & ARPEGGIATOR 2 (ARP1, ARP2) Pages
The ARPEGGIATOR & ARPEGGIATOR 2 (ARP1, ARP2)
Pages
Each zone in a setup has its own Arpeggiator. When activated, each Arpeggiator takes MIDI note input from the PC3 keyboard (or via MIDI) and outputs a rhythmic pattern of MIDI notes. You can control the speed and nature of the pattern in real time. Each Arpeggiator can affect both the PC3 and external MIDI instruments. The notes produced by the Arpeggiator in a given zone go to all of that zone’s destinations: local, MIDI, or both. You can also set one zone’s arpeggiator to override arpeggiators on other zones using the Arpeggiator Global (ArpGlobal) parameter on Setup Mode’s COMMON page.
The concept behind the PC3’s Arpeggiators is fairly simple, although the options are extensive. You might think of each Arpeggiator as a “note processor,” generating complex output from relatively modest input. You can select any number of notes for the input, and tell the Arpeggiator to recognize and remember them. This is called “latching” the notes. The Arpeggiator then processes them by playing them repeatedly, and/or transposing them up and down the keyboard. You have control over several processing parameters: velocity, order, duration, transposition, orchestration, whether the notes are played simultaneously, and whether the intervals between notes are filled chromatically. You can also tell the Arpeggiator how to deal with new information coming from the keyboard when the Arpeggiator is already processing notes. The arpeggiator also includes step sequencers for note and velocity shifting, allowing you to more precisely control how your MIDI note input is processed. Set the arpeggiator parameters on the ARPEGGIATOR and ARPEGGIATOR2 pages:
The ARPEGGIATOR Page
Note: In Program Mode, simultaneously press the Arp and SW buttons (above the Wheels) to view the Arpeggiator page for the Contol Setup, which controls arpeggiator settings in Program Mode (see Control Setup on page 6‐9 for details.)
Parameter
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Range of Values
Default
Active
On/Off
Off
Beats
1/1 (Whole Notes) to 1/384 (96 notes per
beat)
1/16 (16th Notes)
Play Order
Played, Upwards, Downwards, UpDown,
UpDown Repeat, Random, Shuffle,
Walking, Simultaneous
Played
Duration
1% to 100%
100%
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Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Velocity
First, Played, Last, Aftertouch, MIDI 109,
Fixed, Pattern (1-74 factory patterns,
user created patterns,) Human1-4,
Chimp1-4, MissNotes1-9
Played
ShiftAmount
± 88 Semitones
0
ShiftLimit
0-60
24
Limit Option
Stop, Reset, Unipolar, Bipolar, Float Res,
Float Uni, Float Bip
Unipolar
ShftPattrn (Shift Pattern)
Off, (1-69 factory patterns, user created
patterns)
Off
Active
The first parameter on the Arpeggiator menu is Active, which specifies whether or not the Arpeggiator is on for the current zone. This parameter can be switched from the ARPEGGIATOR page, or for real‐time control, it can be switched on using Controller number 147 (ArpOn) and switched off using Controller number 148 (ArpOff); these Controllers can, of course, be assigned as the destination of a PC3 physical controller.
Turning Active on affects zones whose ZoneArpeg values are also set to On. By setting the ZoneArpeg parameter (on the CH/PRG page) to Off or On in the individual zones of a setup, you can choose which zones will be controlled by the Arpeggiator when it is on.
Beats
The Beats parameter sets the number of notes per beat. The tempo is based on quarter notes. Therefore, if you set it to 1/4, you will get one note per beat of the clock. At 1/16, you will get 4 notes per beat, and so forth. You can go all the way to 96 notes per beat (1/384), but at most tempos, divisions smaller than 1/64 will sound pretty much the same. To find a Beats value, multiply the notes you want per beat by 4. For example, 4 notes per beat (16th notes) would be 4*4=16, a Beats value of 1/16. Three notes per beat (8th note triplets) would be 3*4=12, a Beats value of 1/12. Six notes per beat (16th note triplets) would be 6*4=24, a Beats value of 1/24. Note that when recording arpeggiations to a PC3 MIDI track, you must turn on real‐time quantization and set it to the same Grid value in order for the selected Beats value to sync properly with the tempo grid (see Quant and Grid on page 12‐18.)
Play Order
This parameter determines the order in which the PC3 plays arpeggiated notes. Played causes them to play back in the chronological order in which you played and latched them. Upwards means that notes play in ascending pitch order, regardless of their chronological order. Downwards means descending pitch order. UpDown causes notes to play from lowest pitch to highest, then from highest pitch to lowest, repeating the cycle until you stop the arpeggiation. The notes at the very top and very bottom only play once. UpDown Repeat is similar to UpDown, except that the notes at the top and bottom play twice (repeat) when the Arpeggiator reverses direction.
Random plays the currently latched notes in completely random order. Shuffle plays them at random, but keeps track of the notes so that no note repeats until all of the others have played. Walk is a “random walk” order: each successive note is either the next or previous note (in chronological order). For example, suppose you’ve latched four notes—G 4, B 4, D 5, and F 5—
in that order. The first note the Arpeggiator plays is the G 4. The second note will be either B 4 (the next note chronologically), or F 5 (the “previous” note chronologically—that is, the last latched note). If the second note is B 4, the third note will be either D 5 or G 4. If the second note is F 5, the third note will be either G 4 or D 5.
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Simultaneous makes the Arpeggiator latch each note you play and repeat it in time with the Tempo value, sort of like a digital delay with no decay. If you play a C and hold it while you play an E and a G, the Arpeggiator will play all three notes at the same time and at the same tempo. Simultaneous also works well with Shift and Limit, allowing you to shift multiple notes simultaneously.
Duration
Duration determines how long each arpeggiated note plays. 100% means that a note sustains until the next one sounds—very legato. 50% means that the note fills half the space between itself and the next note. The lowest value is 1%—stacattissimo. This parameter has no effect on percussion sounds or other sounds whose duration is fixed.
Velocity
Velocity sets the attack velocity of the played notes. With Velocity set to First, all notes play at the velocity of the first played note. With Velocity set to Played, each note repeats with the same velocity you played it at. With Velocity set to Last, all notes play at the velocity of the most recently played note. With Velocity set to Aftertouch, the velocities are controlled by keyboard pressure: as you hold and push down on any key, the velocities get higher, and as you ease up they get lower. With Velocity set to MIDI 109, MIDI controller 109 continually sets the arpeggiator velocity. This works well when MIDI controller 109 is set to a knob or expression pedal.
With Velocity set to Fixed, all notes play with the same velocity. The default Fixed velocity is 100. Like MIDI 109, You can control this velocity amount in real‐time by assigning a controller to VelFixed, controller destination number is 175. Input from any physical controller assigned to send VelFixed (or any entry value for a controller assigned to send VelFixed) overrides the programmed value of the Velocity parameter, disabling it until you select a different setup (or in Program mode, until you select a different control setup on the MIDI‐mode TRANSMIT page).
Pattern engages a step sequencer for arpeggiator velocity patterns, which shifts the velocity of each arpeggiated note according to a sequenced pattern. There are 74 pre programed velocity patterns that you can choose from the VelPatt field, some of which create rhythms by using velocity values of ‐127 or “none” to leave rests in the arpeggiation. The sequencer uses the velocity received from the first note played as the center position to shift velocities up or down from. If no other keys are playing, patterns will start over each time a key is pressed (there are some exceptions to this when using ARPEGGIATOR Latch parameters other than “Keys,” though a newly triggered pattern will always start at step 1.) When triggering velocity patterns from more than one key at a time, each consecutive step of the pattern shifts the velocity from a different inputted key, the order of which is decided by the order parameter on the ARPEGGIATOR page. Note: For patterns with negative velocity values, if the velocity of the first played note is low enough that a pattern step could result in a velocity of zero, some notes may have a velocity of zero and therefore produce no sound.
You can edit the included patterns by pressing “Edit” with a pattern highlighted in the VelPatt field (see edit screen below.) The top line of the “EditVelocityPatt” page displays the pattern’s name and total number of steps. This page also shows the full name for a pattern whose name does not fit on the ARPEGGIATOR page. Each pattern can have up to 48 steps, and each step can shift velocities by ± 127 steps. You can insert a step with a value of “none” by entering ‐127 and then shifting down one more step. A step with the value “none” causes the arpeggiator to play nothing for that step, allowing you to create rhythmic patterns by using “none” to leave spaces. Pressing Step‐ removes the last step in the list, pressing Step+ inserts a new velocity step at the end of the list (the pattern editor remembers the values of removed steps until you save or exit.) Use the cursor to move between pattern steps, use the alpha wheel, alphanumeric pad, or plus/minus buttons to enter the velocity shift amount for each step. Press More to see a second page for patterns with more than 24 steps. 7-44
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Press Delete to delete the pattern from memory. Press Rename to rename the pattern and save. Pressing Save gives you the option to save the pattern or rename and save. To create a new VelPatt, edit an existing pattern and choose Rename when saving. Press Exit to return to the ARPEGGIATOR page. When exiting the editor, it will automatically give you the option to save the pattern if changes have been made. For more detailed instructions on these functions, see Saving and Naming on page 5‐3.
The Human1 through Human4 settings randomly change played note velocity within a range in order to make arpeggiation sound more human like, with each note varying slightly in velocity. The Human settings use the velocity received from the first note played as the center of the randomization range. Each note of the arpeggiator will randomly choose a velocity within the given range. (See the table below for velocity ranges.)
The Chimp1 through Chimp4 settings function in a similar fashion to the Human settings (see above.) Like the Human settings, the Chimp settings randomly change played note velocity within a range, but the Chimp settings have larger randomization ranges. The Chimp settings use the velocity received from the first note played as the center of the randomization range. Each note of the arpeggiator will randomly choose a velocity within the given range. (See the table below for velocity ranges.)
Note: For Human and Chimp modes, if the velocity of the first played note is low enough that the selected randomization range could result in a velocity of zero, some notes may have a velocity of zero and therefore produce no sound.
Velocity Setting
Velocity Randomization Range
Human1
±3
Human2
±6
Human3
± 10
Human4
± 15
Chimp1
± 25
Chimp2
± 35
Chimp3
± 50
Chimp4
± 64
MissNotes1 through MissNotes9 makes the PC3 randomly miss playing a percentage of inputted notes. See the table below for percentages and their equivalent settings. Each of these settings also randomly changes some of the inputted velocities in a range of ± 5, with the purpose of simulating a more human played sound.
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Note: Missed Notes are actually output as notes with a velocity of zero.
Velocity Setting
Approximate % of Notes Missed
MissNotes1
% 10
MissNotes2
% 20
MissNotes3
% 30
MissNotes4
% 40
MissNotes5
% 50
MissNotes6
% 60
MissNotes7
% 70
MissNotes8
% 80
MissNotes9
% 90
Shift Amount
You can tell the Arpeggiator to transpose all of the currently latched notes each time it plays through them. Shift Amount determines how much transposition will occur for each cycle of notes. For example, if you have latched C4 and F4, and you assign a Shift Amount of 2, the Arpeggiator will play C4, F4, D4, G4, E4, A4, and so on until it reaches the Limit value. The Shift Amount values can range from ‐88 to 88, with 0 (the default) being no transposition.
Shift Limit
Limit determines how far up or down the Arpeggiator shifts from the original note. The minimum value is 0, and the maximum is 60. When the Arpeggiator reaches the limit, the Arpeggiator responds according to the setting for the Limit Option parameter.
Limit Option
This parameter determines what the Arpeggiator does when it has shifted the currently latched notes up (or down) to the shift limit. Stop causes the Arpeggiator to stop when it reaches the shift limit. Reset causes the Arpeggiator to return to its original pitch and repeat the latched cycle of notes, transposing each cycle according to the settings for Shift Amount and Shift Limit. If the limit allows the notes to go out of MIDI range (for example, if you set Shift to 12, set the limit to 60, and play C6), then those “ghost” notes don’t sound, but they take up rhythmic space: the Arpeggiator waits for the cycle to play itself out before starting over.
Unipolar means that after playing up to the shift limit, the Arpeggiator begins shifting notes in the opposite direction, until it reaches the original pitch, where it reverses again. To determine the next note when it reaches the shift limit, the Arpeggiator calculates the interval between the shift limit and what the next note would be if the shift limit weren’t there. It then plays the note that is the calculated interval lower than the last note before the shift limit. The same thing happens in reverse when the arpeggiated notes get back down to the original pitch. The following table makes this easier to visualize by showing the result of arpeggiating one note (C4) in Unipolar mode, with Shift Amount set to 3 ST and various values for Shift Limit.
Resulting Arpeggiation (When LimitOption is Unipolar)
Shift Limit
6 ST (F#4)
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Comment
Up
Down
Up
C4, D#4, F#4,
D#4, C4
D#4, …
Same notes play in both directions
when Shift Limit is a multiple of
Shift Amount
Setup Mode
The ARPEGGIATOR & ARPEGGIATOR 2 (ARP1, ARP2) Pages
Resulting Arpeggiation (When LimitOption is Unipolar)
Shift Limit
Comment
Up
Down
Up
7 ST (G4)
C4, D#4, F#4,
E4, C#4,
D#4, …
Last upward note before shift limit
is F#4, next upward note would be
A4, which is 2 ST from shift limit
(G4); therefore first downward note
is E4 (2 ST below last upward note)
8 ST (G#4)
C4, D#4, F#4,
F4, D4,
D#4, …
A4 is 1 ST from shift limit, therefore
first downward note is F4 (1 ST
lower than last upward note)
9 ST (A4)
C4, D#4, F#4, A4
F#4, D#4, C4,
D#4, …
All symmetrical again; now A4 is
within shift limit
10 ST (A#4)
C4, D#4, F#4, A4,
G4, E4, C#4,
D#4, …
Next upward note would be C5,
which is 2 ST from shift limit
11 ST (B4)
C4, D#4, F#4, A4,
G#4, F4, D4,
D#4, …
C5 is 1 ST from shift limit
#
D#4, …
Symmetrical again, including C5
12 ST (C5)
#
#
C4, D 4, F 4, A4, C5,
#
A4, F 4, D 4, C4,
Bipolar starts out the same way as Unipolar, but during downward note shifting, it continues past the original pitch until it hits the shift limit in the opposite direction, where it reverses again.
Float Res adds a bit of apparent randomness to the process. “Float” means that when the Arpeggiator reaches the shift limit, it resets—but not to its original pitch as with plain Reset. Like Unipolar and Bipolar, it looks at the first note that would exceed the shift limit, and calculates the interval between that note and the shift limit. It then restarts the cycle of latched notes, transposing the entire cycle by the interval it just calculated, then shifting each subsequent cycle by the value of Shift Amount, until it reaches the shift limit again.
Here’s a very simple example. Suppose that the only note in the Arpeggiator cycle is C4, Shift Amount is 4 (a third), and Shift Limit is 7 (so notes won’t get shifted above G4). The Arpeggiator plays C4, then E4. The next note should be G#4, but that’s above the shift limit—so the PC3 calculates the difference between that G#4 and the shift limit (G4): one semitone. It adds that difference to the original starting note (C4) and plays that note next—C#4. The next note (F4) is within the shift limit, but the next note (A4) isn’t, so it gets translated into D4—and so on.
Float Uni uses the same concept and applies it to Unipolar mode: when the Arpeggiator reaches the shift limit, it calculates the difference between the next note and the limit, and transposes the next cycle of notes down by that interval, then shifts each subsequent cycle down until it reaches the original pitch. Float Bip is similar to Float Uni, but the downward shift limit isn’t the original pitch, it’s the negative of the Shift Limit value.
The Arpeggiator can be a lot of fun, even if you don’t always understand exactly what it’s doing. Keep in mind that the stranger the algorithm you set up, the more unlikely the notes will stay close to one key, so if you want to create something that’s going to sound at all diatonic, keep it simple.
Shift Pattern (ShiftPatt)
ShiftPatt engages a step sequencer for arpeggiator note patterns. The inputted note number of each played key is shifted according to a sequenced pattern, thus “Shift Pattern.” The PC3 has pre programed shift patterns including many useful chords, intervals, and rhythms. You can also create your own custom shift patterns (see below for details.) Each pattern can have up to 48 7-47
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steps, and each step can shift notes by ± 127 half‐steps or play nothing. Steps are played back at the rate set for Beats on the ARPEGGIATOR page. Keep in mind that Shift Patterns are effected by every parameter on the ARPEGGIATOR page, which can be the cause of unexpected variation, or a way to add interesting variation to a pattern.
Shift Patterns are most easily used and understood when triggered by only one key at a time. One way to prevent triggering from multiple keys is to use one of the Latch types 1NoteAuto, 1NoteAutoLow, or 1NoteAutoHi when using a shift pattern (see Latch on page 7‐49, below.) Triggering shift patterns from one key allows the pre programed patterns to sound like what you would expect from their names. If no other keys are playing, patterns will start over each time a key is pressed (there are some exceptions to this when using ARPEGGIATOR Latch parameters other than “Keys,” though a newly triggered pattern will always start at step 1.) When triggering Shift Patterns from more than one key at a time, each consecutive step of the pattern shifts the note from a different inputted key, the order of which is decided by the order parameter on the ARPEGGIATOR page. This means that each key will not be shifted by every step of the pattern, causing you to only hear part of the pattern from each key, often making the pattern unrecognizable. Though triggering a Shift pattern from multiple keys can be used creatively, it can also make it hard to predict what the output will be. You can edit the included patterns by pressing “Edit” with a pattern highlighted in the ShiftPatt field (see edit screen below.) The top line of the “EditShiftPatt” page shows the full name for a pattern whose name does not fit on the ARPEGGIATOR page. This page also displays the pattern’s total number of steps, as well as pattern direction. Pressing Step‐ removes the last step in the list, pressing Step+ inserts a new note step at the end of the list (the pattern editor remembers the values of removed steps until you save or exit.) Use the cursor to move between pattern steps, use the alpha wheel, alphanumeric pad, or plus/minus buttons to enter the note shift amount for each step. Press More to see a second page for patterns with more than 24 steps. You can insert a step with a value of “none” by entering ‐127 and then shifting down one more step. A step with the value “none” causes the arpeggiator to play nothing for that step, allowing you to create rhythmic patterns by using “none” to leave spaces. When the arpeggiator determines the range of pattern notes played with the Limit parameter (see below,) steps with a value of “none” will be calculated as a step value of 0. Use the chan up/down buttons to change the direction in which pattern steps are played (indicated by Up, Down, or Flat on the right of the top line.) With pattern direction set to Up, the pattern plays as expected, starting at step one and moving up through each step towards step 48. With pattern direction set to Down, the pattern starts at step one, but then moves to the last step and continues to move backwards through the steps down towards step 1. Additionally, patterns set to Down base all notes after step one in the octave below the first note played. These settings are most useful for arpeggiating chord patterns upwards or downwards from the root note. Patterns set to Flat will not repeat in other octaves like those set to Up or Down (depending on the Limit parameter.) Patterns set to Flat play without transposition, the Limit parameter will not transpose the pattern but it can still restrict note range.
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Press Delete to delete the pattern from memory. Press Rename to rename the pattern and save. Pressing Save gives you the option to save the pattern or rename and save. To create a new ShiftPatt, edit an existing pattern and choose Rename when saving. Press Exit to return to the ARPEGGIATOR page. When exiting the editor, it will automatically give you the option to save the pattern if changes have been made. For more detailed instructions on these functions, see Saving and Naming on page 5‐3.
The ARPEGGIATOR 2 Page
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Latch
Keys, Overplay, Arpeg, Add, Auto,
Pedals, Autohold, 1NoteAuto
Keys
Low Key
C -1 to G9
C -1
High Key
C -1 to G9
G9
Glissando
Off, On
Off
SyncTo
First Avail., Riff1-16, Main Seq., Arp1-16,
FirstRiff.Av., FirstArp.Av.,
First Avail.
SyncType
None, DownBeat, AnyBeat,
DownBeatWait, AnyBeatWait
None
Num Beats
1-32
4
Latch
Latch determines how the Arpeggiator responds to notes when they are triggered.
Keys means that the Arpeggiator plays only while you are holding one or more keys down (or note triggers on). As you play different notes, they get added to the Arpeggiator, and as you release notes, they get taken out. If you play notes faster than the Arpeggiator’s current tempo, each subsequent note will be added to the arpeggiation at the next division of a beat. This can cause a lag between the time you play the note and the time you hear it in the arpeggiation.
In the next three modes, the Arpeggiator latches notes only when MIDI Controller 157 (Latch) sends a value of On (64 or higher). An easy way to experiment with these modes is to assign the Mod Wheel to send MIDI 157.
In Overplay mode, the Arpeggiator latches any notes that are being held when Latch turns on, and continues playing them, even after you let them go, until Latch turns off. Any notes that you play after Latch is already on do not get arpeggiated, even if they’re in the arpeggiation range.
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Arpeg is similar: any notes held when Latch goes on are latched and arpeggiated, and keep going until Latch goes off. Any notes you play outside the arpeggiation range play normally. Notes that you play inside the arpeggiation range do not play normally; rather, if you hold them on, they become part of the arpeggiation. They drop out of the arpeggiation as soon as you release them.
Like Overplay and Arpeggiation, Add means that all notes being held when Latch goes on get latched, and keep playing until Latch goes off (even if you’ve released the notes). Any notes you play after Latch is already on also get latched.
Auto is independent of Latch; every note you play is automatically latched, and the Arpeggiator runs as long as you hold at least one arpeggiated note. As long as you keep holding on at least one note (it doesn’t have to be the same note the whole time), every note you play in the arpeggiation range gets latched.
Pedals is sort of a combination of Keys, Add, and Overplay modes. It relies on both Latch (MIDI 157) and Latch2 (MIDI 158). If neither latch controller is on, notes will arpeggiate only while you are holding down keys (similar to Keys mode). If you activate Controller 158, the keys currently held down will latch, and any additional keys played while Controller 158 is on will also latch (similar to Add mode). When Controller 158 is off, any keys that are not currently held down will be removed from the arpeggiation. If you activate Controller 157, keys currently held down will latch, and any additional keys played while Controller 157 is on will play normally (similar to Overplay mode). This mode is called Pedals mode because you might want to assign Footswitch 1 to Latch (Controller 157) and Footswitch 2 to Latch2 (Controller 158) to make the pedals function similarly to sustain and sostenuto pedals. Additionally, you could assign one Footswitch to SusLatch (Controller 160)—doing this makes the Footswitch act as a sustain pedal when Arp is off, and as a Latch pedal when Arp is on.
Autohold is similar to Auto. Holding at least one arpeggiated note on and playing other notes latches those notes. Unlike in Auto mode, if you stop holding at least one arpeggiated note on, the arpeggiation continues playing (although you can’t latch any more notes). In this case, if you strike another key within the setup’s arpeggiation range, you start a new arpeggiation sequence. Autohold is useful for arpeggiating chords: when you play a chord, it gets latched, and continues arpeggiating after you release the chord. When you play another chord, the previous chord gets unlatched, and the new one gets latched. You can use the Panic soft button to stop arpeggiation at any time.
1NoteAuto is similar to Autohold, except only the last note played is latched (even if previously played notes are still being held.) 1NoteAuto is specifically designed for use with Shift Patterns (see above,) because Shift Patterns are designed to be played from one note at a time (though you can use 1NoteAuto without a Shift Pattern as well.) Using 1NoteAuto for zones that use a Shift Pattern ensures that Shift Patterns will sound correct by only allowing one note at a time to trigger the pattern. You can use the Panic soft button to stop arpeggiation at any time. 1NoteAutoLow and 1NoteAutoHi are also designed for use with Shift Patterns. They work similarly to 1NoteAuto, except 1NoteAutoLow always latches the lowest note when holding multiple notes, and 1NoteAutoHi always latches the highest note when holding multiple notes. You can also use these latch types without a Shift Pattern if desired.
Low Key (LoKey) and High Key (HiKey)
The Arpeggiator processes notes within the range of these parameters. Notes outside the specified range play normally, and do not become part of the arpeggiation sequence. Set the LoKey and HiKey parameters using the data entry wheel or buttons.
Glissando
When the Glissando parameter is On, the Arpeggiator chromatically fills between latched notes. When Glissando is on, the Arpeggiator ignores the Shift Amount, Shift Limit, and Limit Option parameters.
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You must latch at least two notes to get a result. When Glissando is on, all notes played in the arpeggiation range get latched, although you won’t necessarily get meaningful results from all latched notes. In general, try to get each subsequent note you latch to be a change in direction. For example, try latching the following sequence of notes: C4, C5, G4, G5, C5, C6, G4, G5. The “glissando” changes direction around each change in direction of the latched notes.
SyncTo
The SyncTo parameter determines what an arpeggiator will sync to. An arpeggiator can sync to another arpeggiator, a riff, or a song playing from Song mode. You can choose a specific arpeggiator or riff to sync to by setting SyncTo to Arp 1–16 or Riff 1‐16, and the current arpeggiator will always sync to that arpeggiator or riff. For example, if you have an arpeggiator on a bass sound in zone 1 and an arpeggiator on a lead sound in zone 2, you may always want the lead arpeggiation in zone 2 to sync to the bass arpeggiation in zone 1. In this case you would set the SyncTo parameter in zone 2 to Arp 1.
You may want to have a little more freedom and not be tied to the bass arpeggiation in zone 1 as the main “timekeeper.” Maybe you want to start with the lead arpeggiation in zone 2 and have the bass arpeggiation in zone 1 start later. In this case you would set the SyncTo parameter for zone 2 to FirstArp.Av. With this setting, the arpeggiator will look for the first available arpeggiator to sync to. So if both the bass arpeggiation and the lead arpeggiation have this parameter set to FirstArp.Av., the arpeggiation that is started first will be the main “timekeeper.” If the lead arpeggiator starts first, the bass arpeggiator will see that as the first available arpeggiator to sync to and will do so. If the bass arpeggiator is started first, the lead arpeggiator will see that as the first available arpeggiator to sync to and will do so. This can be very handy if you are using multiple arpeggiators and want to do some live improvisation; you can start and stop different arpeggiators and as long is there is one arpeggiator playing, any arpeggiator with SyncTo set to FirstArp.Av. will sync back up when triggered again.
You can also choose FirstRiff.Av., which behaves the same way as FirstArp.Av., but makes your arpeggiator look for the first available riff to sync to. A setting of Main Seq. will sync the arpeggiator to the song currently loaded in Song mode. You can select a song in Song mode, then play it from setup mode with the front panel Play/Pause button. (Doing this temporarily replaces the programs in your setup’s zones with the program used for each channel in the song, so it’s best to make a setup that uses the same programs as your song on the same MIDI channels. If you plan on syncing riffs with a song, it may be easier to start by creating a setup, then recording the setup into a song. See Recording A Setup To Song Mode on page 7‐69 for details.) A setting of First Avail. will sync the arpeggiator to the first available arpeggiator, riff, or song from Song mode.
Note: If you have multiple arpeggiators or riffs already playing when using FirstArp.Av., FirstRiff.Av., or First Avail. for the current arpeggiator, the current arpeggiator will sync to the arpeggiator or riff of the lowest numbered zone that has an arpeggiator or riff playing. SyncType
The SyncType parameter allows you to choose how your arpeggiator will sync to other arpeggiators, riffs, or a song playing from Song mode.
With SyncType set to None, your arpeggiator will start playing as soon as it is triggered. It will not sync to anything. With SyncType set to DownBeat, if there is already something playing to sync to, the current arpeggiator will wait for the downbeat of the next measure before starting; so, you can trigger the arpeggiator to start ahead of time, and have it start in sync at the downbeat of the next measure. If Syncing to an arpeggiator, see Num Beats on page 7‐53 for details on changing when an arpeggiator’s downbeat will occur. With SyncType set to AnyBeat, if there is already something playing to sync to, the arpeggiator will wait only until the next beat. Depending on when you trigger the arpeggiator, it will sync up, but it may be on an upbeat or a downbeat.
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The ARPEGGIATOR & ARPEGGIATOR 2 (ARP1, ARP2) Pages
With SyncType set to DownBeatWait, if there is something playing to sync to, the arpeggiator will wait for the downbeat of the next measure to start. The difference from DownBeat is that if there is nothing to sync to, the arpeggiator will not start. This can be useful if you want to start multiple arpeggiators synced to something else. For example, you could have a bass arpeggiator set to DownBeatWait, for instance, and trigger the arpeggiator while no other arpeggiators are running. As soon as you start something else to sync to, the bass arpeggiator will start playing as well (provided that it is set to sync to something else or the first available.) If something to sync to is already running, DownBeatWait behaves just like DownBeat.
With SyncType set to AnyBeatWait, if there is something playing to sync to, the arpeggiator will wait for the next beat to start. The difference from AnyBeat is that if there is nothing to sync to, this arpeggiator will not start. This can be useful if you want to start multiple arpeggiators synced to something else. You could have a bass arpeggiator set to AnyBeatWait, for instance, and trigger the arpeggiator while no other arpeggiators are running. As soon as you start something to sync to, the bass arpeggiator will start playing as well (provided that it is set to sync to something else or the first available). If another arpeggiator is already running, AnyBeatWait behaves just like AnyBeat.
With SyncType set to Loop, if there is already a riff or song playing to sync to, the current arpeggiator will wait for the playing riff or song to restart its loop (if it is looped) before starting (see Loop on page 7‐59 for looping riffs, and Loop on page 12‐11 for looping songs.) This way you can trigger the arpeggiator to start ahead of time, and have it start in sync at the start of the playing riff or song’s loop (provided that it is set to sync to a riff, song, or the first available).
With SyncType set to Stop, if there is already something playing to sync to, the current arpeggiator will wait for what is playing to stop before starting. This way you can trigger the arpeggiator to start ahead of time, and have it start in sync at the release (stopping) of the riff, arpeggiator, or song that you are syncing to.
With SyncType set to StartWait, if there is nothing playing to sync to, the current arpeggiator will wait for something it can sync to to begin playing first before starting. This is similar to DownBeatWait, but it will only trigger the arpeggiator the first time that whatever it is syncing to starts. This way you can trigger the arpeggiator to start ahead of time, and have it start in sync at the start of the riff, arpeggiator, or song that you are syncing to. If you stop the arpeggiator and try to start it again while the thing you are syncing to is already playing, StartWait will not start the arpeggiator.
With SyncType set to LoopWait, if there is already a riff or song playing to sync to, the current arpeggiator will wait for the playing riff or song to restart its loop (if it is looped) before starting (see Loop on page 7‐59 for looping riffs, and Loop on page 12‐11 for looping songs.) This way you can trigger the arpeggiator to start ahead of time, and have it start in sync at the start of the playing riff or song’s loop. The difference from Loop is that if there is nothing playing to sync to, the arpeggiator will not start. If the riff or song that you are syncing to is already running, LoopWait behaves just like Loop.
With SyncType set to StopWait, if there is already something playing to sync to, the current arpeggiator will wait for what is playing to stop before starting. This way you can trigger the arpeggiator to start ahead of time, and have it start in sync at the release (stopping) of the riff, arpeggiator, or song that you are syncing to. The difference from Stop is that if there is nothing playing to sync to, the arpeggiator will not start. This can be useful if you want to get your arpeggiator ready to sync before you start whatever you are syncing it to. If the riff or song that you are syncing to is already running, StopWait behaves just like Stop.
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Setup Mode
The ARPEGGIATOR & ARPEGGIATOR 2 (ARP1, ARP2) Pages
Num Beats
This affects the syncing of other arpeggiator or riff zones to the current zone, only if those other zones have a SyncType setting of Downbeat or DownbeatWait. For zones being synced to the current zone’s arpeggiator, this determines how many notes must be played by the current zone’s arpeggiator before a downbeat occurs. By decreasing or increasing the value of the Num Beats parameter, you can make zones with a SyncType setting of Downbeat or DownbeatWait behave as if downbeats are occurring less or more frequently.
Real-time Control of Arpeggiator Parameters
You can have real‐time control over several arpeggiator parameters, by assigning physical controllers to special arpeggiator Controller Destinations. Any input (or entry value) from a physical controller assigned to an arpeggiator Controller Destination overrides the programmed values for the parameters of the arpeggiator on that controller’s zone. The override remains in effect until you select a different setup (or a different program in Program mode.) Remember, each of the following Controller Destinations affects only the arpeggiator for the zone which your controller is assigned to.
Controller
Number
Corresponding
ARPEGGIATOR
Parameter
Operation
147
ArpOn
Any controller value turns the Arpeggiator On.
148
ArpOff
Any controller value turns the Arpeggiator Off.
150
ArpOrder
Arpeggiator Order, each range of values selects one of
nine options in order of the parameters list: 0-14
(Played,) 15-28 (Upwards, etc.,) 29-42, 43-56, 57-70,
71-84, 85-98, 99-112, 113-127 (Simultaneous.)
151
ArpBeats
Arpeggiator Beats, each range of values selects one of
seven options in order of the parameters list: 0-18
(Quarter notes,) 19-36 (8th notes, etc.,) 37-54, 55-72,
73-90, 91-108, 109-127(32nd triplets.)
152
ArpShift
The 88 Arpeggiator Shift steps are scaled over the 128
MIDI controller values, so that 0 = 0 steps and 127 = 88
steps.
153
ArpLimit
The 60 Arpeggiator Shift Limit steps are scaled over the
128 MIDI controller values, so that 0 = 0 steps and 127 =
60 steps.
154
ArpLmtOp
Arpeggiator Shift Limit Option, each range of values
selects one of seven options in order on parameters list:
0-18 (Stop,) 19-36 (Reset, etc.,) 37-54, 55-72, 73-90,
91-108, 109-127 (FloatBip.)
155
ArpVel
Arpeggiator Velocity, each range of values selects one of
twenty-three options in order on parameters list: 0-5
First,) 6-10 (Played, etc.,) 11-15...101-105, 106-110,
111-127 (MissNotes9.)
156
ArpDur
The Arpeggiator Duration % values are scaled over the
128 MIDI controller values, so that 0 = 1% and 127 =
100%.
157
Latch
For Arpeggiator Latch Pedals mode, 0-63 = off, 64-127 =
on.
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Setup Mode
The ARPEGGIATOR & ARPEGGIATOR 2 (ARP1, ARP2) Pages
Controller
Number
7-54
Corresponding
ARPEGGIATOR
Parameter
Operation
158
Latch2
For Arpeggiator Latch Pedals mode, 0-63 = off, 64-127 =
on.
159
ArpGliss
Arpeggiator Gliss, 0-63 = off, 64-127 = on.
160
SusLatch
For Arpeggiator Latch Pedals mode, 0-63 = off, 64-127 =
on.
170
-Arp Shift
Sets ARPEGGIATOR values for Shift to negative. 0-63 =
off, 64-127 = on.
171
ShiftPatt
Selects one of the 128 patterns in the ShiftPatt Bank for
the ARPEGGIATOR page of a controller’s zone.
172
ShiftPBank
A controller value selects the corresponding ShiftPatt
Bank for the ARPEGGIATOR page of a controller’s
zone. For example, controller value 2 selects bank 2,
controller value 7 selects bank 7.
173
VelPatt
Selects one of the 128 patterns in the VelPatt Bank for
the ARPEGGIATOR page of a controller’s zone.
174
VelPBank
A controller value selects the corresponding VelPatt
Bank for the ARPEGGIATOR page of a controller’s
zone. For example, controller value 2 selects bank 2,
controller value 7 selects bank 7.
175
VelFixed
Set’s arpeggiator velocity when velocity is set to Fixed
for the ARPEGGIATOR page of a controller’s zone.
Setup Mode
Riffs
Riffs
Riffs are full songs or individual tracks of a song created in the PC3’s Song mode that you can trigger in setup mode. Standard MIDI files may also be imported to Song mode and then used as riffs in setups. Every zone in a setup can have itʹs own riff—a completely independent sequence. You can use a setup with many riffs to trigger and stop looped sequences of different instrument parts. Alternatively, a single riff can play multiple instrument parts. Each riff could be used as a different song section of a backing track.
To use a riff, first go to Song mode and note the ID# of the song, section of song and track that you will use for your riff. Next go to Setup mode and create a setup. On the CH/PRG page of the Setup Editor, choose the program that you want to use for the riff on the current zone. Program changes that are recorded in song mode will be ignored when using the song as a riff in a setup. You can also set up the playback event filter in Song mode to ignore other types of events as well. Once you have selected your program, press the more soft button until you get to the RIFF1 and RIFF2 pages. The following sections describe the contents of these pages.
Note: By default, setting a zone to trigger a riff will disable the ability to play notes of that zone’s program from the keyboard. To re‐enable this ability, see Local on page 7‐59.
The RIFF1 Page
The first Riff page appears as shown below, and has the following parameters:
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Riff
Off, On
Off
Song
Start
Song List
0 None
(Bar)
(dependent on sequence)
1
(Beat)
1 to (dependent on time signature)
1
(Tick)
0 to 959
0
(Bar)
(dependent on sequence)
2
(Beat)
1 to (dependent on time signature)
1
(Tick)
0 to 959
0
Off, On
Off
Root Note
C -1 to G9
C4
SrcTrack (Source Track)
ALL, 1 to 128
ALL
Re Channel
Off, On
Off
Stop
Transpose
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Setup Mode
Riffs
Riff
Setting the Riff parameter to On will enable the riff feature for the current zone in setup mode. Setting this parameter to Off will disable the riff for this zone.
Song
Select the song you wish to use in the Song parameter by using the Alpha Wheel, ‐/+ buttons, or the alphanumeric pad.
Start
Use the Start parameter to specify the riff start point. The time format is Bar : Beat : Tick. Bar can be set to any bar in the sequence, and Beat can be set to any beat in that bar (beat range is dependent on time signature.) Tick can be set from 0 to 959. Since there are 960 possible start points within a beat, you can specify your riff to start on any common beat subdivision moments (and a few uncommon ones). The following Tick values correspond to the following beat subdivision moments:
Beat Subdivision
Moment
Beat Subdivision
Quarter note
8th note
8th note triplet
16th note
16th note quintuplet
16th note triplet (sextuplets)
Table 7-5
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Tick Value
1st
0
1st
0
2nd
480
1st
0
2nd
320
3rd
640
1st
0
2nd
240
3rd
480
4th
720
1st
0
2nd
192
3rd
384
4th
576
5th
768
1st
0
2nd
160
3rd
320
4th
480
5th
640
6th
800
Subdivision Values
Setup Mode
Riffs
Stop
Use the Stop parameter to specify the riff stop point. Like the Start parameter, the time format for Stop is Bar : Beat : Tick. Bar can be set to any bar in the sequence, and Beat can be set to any beat in that bar (beat range is dependent on time signature.) Tick can be set from 0 to 959. Refer to Table 7‐5 for Tick values.
The PC3 restricts the selectable values for the Stop parameter such that the current riff is at least one beat long.
Transpose/Root Note
With the Transpose parameter set to On, the riff will transpose to the value set in the Root Note parameter. So, if you have a riff whose root note is C4, you can set a new root note in the setup so that the riff will play in the correct range. In this scenario, if you want to trigger your riff from C1 but it was recorded at C4, you would set Transpose to On and Root Note to C1. Your riff will now play in the desired range when triggered from the C1 key, which now corresponds to the note C4.
SrcTrack (Source Track)
The SrcTrack parameter determines the source track of the riff (from the riff’s original sequence in Song mode.) Along with the Start and Stop parameters, SrcTrack allows you to use a single sequence as a riff for many zones, and to select a different source track and Start/Stop parameter setting for each zone to avoid having to create a special sequence for each riff. To create a setup with multiple riffs each playing a single instrument part, set a single track for the SrcTrack parameter, and that track of the sequence will play with the program on the current zone. Repeat the process on other zones using the same song for the riff, but using a different SrcTrack for each zone.
To create a setup with a single riff that plays multiple instrument parts, set SrcTrack to ALL. Each track of the sequence will play its track through the zones which have corresponding MIDI channels (MIDI channels are set for each zone on The Channel/Program (CH/PROG) Page of the Setup Editor, see page 7‐4.)
Re Channel
Use the Re Channel parameter when the current zone’s MIDI channel and the channel that the riff was recorded on are not the same. When Re Channel is set to On, the track selected for the SrcTrack parameter will play through the MIDI channel of the current zone. For example, if you want to use a riff on zone 2/MIDI channel 2 and the riff was recorded on track 4/MIDI channel 4, you will need to turn Re Channel on. If you were to do this and keep Re Channel set to Off, the riff would play using the program from zone 4 instead of zone 2. When Re Channel is set to On and ALL is selected for SrcTrack, all of the tracks of the sequence will play through the MIDI channel of the current zone.
Note: Track numbers don’t have to match MIDI channel numbers in Song mode (though they do by default.) A song that uses non default MIDI channels for its tracks can cause some confusion when using it as a riff. For example, using a riff on zone 1, you could set the riff’s SrcTrack parameter to 1, and expect the riff to play on zone 1 (if it is set to MIDI channel 1.) But in Song mode, if the song you are using for the riff has track 1 set to a MIDI channel other than 1, the riff will play on the zone that has that track’s matching MIDI channel. In this case, set Re Channel to On in order for the riff to play through the program of the riff’s zone.
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Setup Mode
Riffs
The RIFF2 Page
The second Riff page appears as shown below, and has the following parameters:
Parameter
Trigger
Release
Range of Values
Default
(HiKey)
C -1 to G9
C -1
(LoKey)
C -1 to G9
G9
(HiKey)
C -1 to G9
C -1
(LoKey)
C -1 to G9
G9
Off, On
Off
CondRel
Local
Off, On
Off
Loop
Once, Forever
Forever
BPM
Sequence, Setup, External, 20 to 400
Sequence
Sync Zone
First Avail., Riff 1-16, Main Seq, Arp 1-16, FirstRiff.Av., First
Arp.Av
First Avail.
Sync Type
None, DownBeat, AnyBeat, DownBeatWait, AnyBeatWait,
Loop, Stop, StartWait, LoopWait, StopWait
None
Release Sync Zone (RelSynZn)
First Avail., Riff 1-16, Main Seq, Arp 1-16, FirstRiff.Av., First
Arp.Av
First Avail.
Release Sync Type (RelSynTyp)
None, DownBeat, AnyBeat, DownBeatWait, AnyBeatWait,
Loop, Stop, StartWait, LoopWait, StopWait
None
Duration
1 to 1000%
100%
Velocity
0 to 255%
100%
Offset
-32768 to 32767
0
Trigger
There are a few ways to trigger riffs in setup mode. On the Riff2 page you can use the Trigger field to set a keyboard key to trigger the Riff. Also, any physical controller can be assigned to controller destination 163 RiffOn.
To set the key range to trigger your riff, use the cursor buttons to select the left value in the Trigger field (this will be the low end of the trigger key range.) Now you can select the key number by scrolling the Alpha Wheel, or you can use intuitive entry by pressing and holding the Enter button on the alphanumeric pad and pressing the desired key on your keyboard. You will see this value change as you press a key.
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Setup Mode
Riffs
Next, move your cursor to the right to highlight the second value of the Trigger field (this will be the high end of the trigger key range.) Use one of the methods described above to select a key value for this trigger field. If you want to have only one key start a riff, set the Trigger key range from A#0 to A#0 for example, and your riff will be triggered to start only by pressing the A#0 key. If you want your trigger key range to be larger, set your Trigger key range to be, for instance, A#0 to A#1. Now any key that is pressed within this range will trigger your riff to start. Note: the LoKey and HiKey values on the KEYVEL page do affect the riff. If your riffʹs trigger and release notes are not within the LoKey and HiKey range on the KEYVEL page, your riff will not be able to be triggered from the keyboard.
Release
The way you release riffs is analogous to the way you trigger them. You can assign a physical controller to destination 164 RiffOff, or you can select a key or key range with the Release parameter. You set this the same way that you set the trigger range. Move your cursor so that the left field of the Release parameter is highlighted (this will be the low end of the trigger key range.) Now select a key value by using the Alpha Wheel, ‐/+ buttons or intuitive entry. Move your cursor to the right field and repeat the process (this will be the high end of the trigger key range.) If you set both of the Release values to A0, the Riff will stop when you release A0.
So, if you use the settings described above and in the Trigger section above, your setup’s riff will start when you press A#0, and it will stop when you press and release A0.
Note: the LoKey and HiKey values on the KEYVEL page do affect the riff. If your riffʹs trigger and release notes are not within the LoKey and HiKey range on the KEYVEL page, your riff will not be able to be triggered from the keyboard.
Conditional Release (CondRel)
The CondRel parameter allows you to have a riff play only while a key is pressed and held, and nothing will stop or restart that riff until the key is released. To use conditional release, set the same range for the Trigger and Release ranges on the RIFF2 page. Any key that is pressed and held within this range will play the selected riff. Release the key and the riff will stop. Playing any other key in this zone while triggering a riff with CondRel–even if they are within the Trigger and Release ranges–will not retrigger or stop the zone’s riff.
Local
If you want to trigger your riff without playing the current zone’s program, set Local to Off. Local is set to Off by default since most users wont want to play the program in the zone they are using for a riff, but only wish hear that zone’s program as a backing track. With Local set to On, you will play the current zones program any time a key is pressed. This could create undesired “grace notes” if you trigger a riff that has a downbeat at the same time you are playing a note.
Loop
If you want your riff to loop indefinitely, set this parameter to Forever. If you want to have it play once and then stop until you retrigger it, set this parameter to Once.
BPM
There are four choices here that will determine what controls the tempo of your riff. With BPM set to Sequence, the original tempo in which the riff was recorded will be used. With BPM set to Setup, the tempo set on the COMMON or TEMPO pages will be used. When syncing multiple riffs it is convenient to set each riffs’ BPM parameter to Setup. Doing this, you can change the tempo of all riffs at once on the TEMPO page (see TEMPO on page 11‐10.) A value of Setup is also useful for syncing riffs to a zone’s arpeggiator. With Tempo BPM set to External, the riff will 7-59
Setup Mode
Riffs
sync to external MIDI clock. You can also manually choose a tempo by selecting a value from 20 to 400 for BPM. Use the Alpha Wheel or ‐ /+ buttons to choose between the options or set a tempo. You can also use the alphanumeric pad followed by pressing the Enter button to enter a tempo.
SyncZone
The SyncZone parameter determines which zone a riff will sync to. You can choose to sync to a riff or arpeggio in a specific zone by setting SyncZone to Riff 1–16 or Arp1‐16, and the current riff will always sync to the riff or arpeggio in the set zone. For example, if you have a drum riff in zone 1 and a bass riff in zone 2, you may always want the bass riff in zone 2 to sync to the drum riff in zone 1. In this case you would set the bass riff SyncZone to Riff 1.
You may want to have a little more freedom and not be tied to the drum riff as the main “timekeeper.” Maybe you want to start with the bass riff and have the drum riff start later. In this case you would set SyncZone to FirstRiff.Av. With this setting, the riff will look for the first available riff to sync to. So if both the drum riff and the bass riff have this parameter set to FirstRiff.Av., the riff that is started first will be the master. If the bass riff starts first, the drum riff will see that as the first available riff to sync to and will do so. If the drum riff is started first, the bass riff will see that as the first available riff to sync to and will do so. This can be very handy if you have multiple riffs and want to do some live remixing; you could have the drums drop out, and—as long is there is a riff playing—they will sync back up when triggered again. You can also choose FirstArp.Av., which behaves the same way as FirstRiff.Av., but makes your riff look for the first available arpeggiator to sync to. A setting of Main Seq. will sync the riff to the song currently loaded in Song mode. You can select a song in Song mode, then play it from setup mode with the front panel Play/Pause button. (Doing this temporarily replaces the programs in your setup’s zones with the program used for each channel in the song, so it’s best to make a setup that uses the same programs as your song on the same MIDI channels. If you plan on syncing riffs with a song, it may be easier to start by creating a setup, then recording the setup into a song. See Recording A Setup To Song Mode on page 7‐69 for details.) A setting of First Avail. will sync the riff to the first available riff, arpeggiator, or song from Song mode.
Note: If you have multiple riffs or arpeggiators already playing when using FirstRiff.Av., FirstArp.Av., or First Avail. for the current riff, the current riff will sync to the riff or arpeggiator of the lowest numbered zone that has a riff or arpeggiator playing. SyncType
The SyncType parameter allows you to choose how your riff will sync to other riffs, arpeggiators, and Songs (depending on your settings made for the SyncZone parameter.) With SyncType set to None, your riff will start playing as soon as it is triggered. It will not sync to anything. With SyncType set to DownBeat, if there is already something playing to sync to, the current riff will wait for the downbeat of the next measure before starting; so, you can trigger the riff to start ahead of time, and have it start in sync at the downbeat of the next measure. If Syncing to an arpeggiator, see Num Beats on page 7‐53 for details on changing when an arpeggiator’s downbeat will occur. With SyncType set to AnyBeat, if there is already a something playing to sync to, the riff will wait only until the next beat. Depending on when you trigger the riff, it will sync up, but it may be on an upbeat or a downbeat.
With SyncType set to DownBeatWait, the riff will wait for the downbeat of the next measure to start. The difference from DownBeat is that if there is nothing playing to sync to, the riff will not start. This can be useful if you want to start multiple riffs synced to one riff. You could have a bass riff set to DownBeatWait, for instance, and trigger the riff while no other riffs are running. As soon as you start another riff, the bass riff will start playing as well (provided that it is set to sync to another riff or to the first available riff.) If another riff is already running, DownBeatWait behaves just like DownBeat.
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Setup Mode
Riffs
With SyncType set to AnyBeatWait, the riff will wait for the next beat to start. The difference from AnyBeat is that if there is nothing playing to sync to, this riff will not start. This can be useful if you want to start multiple riffs synced to one riff. You could have a bass riff set to AnyBeatWait, for instance, and trigger the riff while no other riffs are running. As soon as you start another riff, the bass riff will start playing as well (provided that it is set to sync to another riff or the first available). If something is already playing to sync to, AnyBeatWait behaves just like AnyBeat.
With SyncType set to Loop, if there is already a riff or song playing to sync to, the current riff will wait for the playing riff or song to restart its loop (if it is looped) before starting (see Loop on page 7‐59 for looping riffs, and Loop on page 12‐11 for looping songs.) This way you can trigger the riff to start ahead of time, and have it start in sync at the start of the playing riff or song’s loop.
With SyncType set to Stop, if there is already something playing to sync to, the current riff will wait for what is playing to stop before starting. This way you can trigger the riff to start ahead of time, and have it start in sync at the release (stopping) of the riff, arpeggiator, or song that you are syncing to.
With SyncType set to StartWait, if there is nothing playing to sync to, the current riff will wait for something it can sync to to begin playing first before starting. This is similar to DownBeatWait, but it will only trigger the riff the first time that whatever it is syncing to starts. This way you can trigger the riff to start ahead of time, and have it start in sync at the start of the riff, arpeggiator, or song that you are syncing to. If you stop the riff and try to start it again while the thing you are syncing to is already playing, StartWait will not start the riff.
With SyncType set to LoopWait, if there is already a riff or song playing to sync to, the current riff will wait for the playing riff or song to restart its loop (if it is looped) before starting (see Loop on page 7‐59 for looping riffs, and Loop on page 12‐11 for looping songs.) This way you can trigger the riff to start ahead of time, and have it start in sync at the start of the playing riff or song’s loop. The difference from Loop is that if there is nothing playing to sync to, the riff will not start. If the riff or song that you are syncing to is already running, LoopWait behaves just like Loop.
With SyncType set to StopWait, if there is already something playing to sync to, the current riff will wait for what is playing to stop before starting. This way you can trigger the riff to start ahead of time, and have it start in sync at the release (stopping) of the riff, arpeggiator, or song that you are syncing to. The difference from Stop is that if there is nothing playing to sync to, the riff will not start. This can be useful if you want to get your riff ready to sync before you start whatever you are syncing it to. If the riff or song that you are syncing to is already running, StopWait behaves just like Stop.
RelSynZn (Release Sync Zone)
RelSynZn has the same settings available as SyncZone (see SyncZone, above,) but RelSynZn determines what the releasing (stopping) of the current riff will be synced to when a parameter other than None is selected for RelSynTyp (see below.)
RelSynTyp (Release Sync Type)
RelSynTyp has the same settings available as SyncType (see SyncType, above,) but RelSynTyp determines how the releasing (stopping) of the current riff will be synced to other riffs, arpeggiators, and Songs (depending on your settings made for the RelSynZn parameter.) With RelSynTyp set to None, your riff will stop playing as soon as it is released. It will not sync to anything. With RelSynTyp set to DownBeat, if there is already something playing to sync to, the current riff will wait for the downbeat of the next measure before stopping when released; so, you can trigger the riff to stop ahead of time, and have it stop in sync at the downbeat of the next measure. If Syncing to an arpeggiator, see Num Beats on page 7‐53 for details on changing when an 7-61
Setup Mode
Riffs
arpeggiator’s downbeat will occur. With RelSynTyp set to AnyBeat, if there is already a something playing to sync to, the riff will wait only until the next beat before stopping when released. Depending on when you release the riff it will stop in sync with a beat, but it may be on an upbeat or a downbeat.
With RelSynTyp set to DownBeatWait, the riff will wait for the downbeat of the next measure to stop when released. The difference from DownBeat is that if there is nothing playing to sync to, the riff wont stop when released. If another riff is already running, DownBeatWait behaves just like DownBeat.
With RelSynTyp set to AnyBeatWait, if there is already a something playing to sync to, the riff will wait for the next beat before releasing. The difference from AnyBeat is that if there is nothing playing to sync to, this riff will not stop when released. This can be useful if you want to stop a riff in sync only when another riff is playing. If something is already playing to sync to, AnyBeatWait behaves just like AnyBeat.
With RelSynTyp set to Loop, if there is already a riff or song playing to sync to, the current riff will wait for the playing riff or song to restart its loop (if it is looped) before stopping when released (see Loop on page 7‐59 for looping riffs, and Loop on page 12‐11 for looping songs.) This way you can release the riff to stop ahead of time, and have it stop in sync at the start of the playing riff or song’s loop.
With RelSynTyp set to Stop, if there is already something playing to sync to, the current riff will wait for what is playing to stop before releasing. This way you can trigger the current riff to release ahead of time, and have it stop in sync at the release (stopping) of the riff, arpeggiator, or song that you are syncing to.
With RelSynTyp set to StartWait, if there is nothing playing to sync to, the current riff will wait for something it can sync to to begin playing first before releasing. This is similar to DownBeatWait, but it will only release the riff the first time that whatever it is syncing to starts. This way you can trigger the riff to stop ahead of time, and have it stop in sync at the start of the riff, arpeggiator, or song that you are syncing to. If you restart the riff and try to release it again while the thing you are syncing to is already playing, StartWait will not stop the riff.
With RelSynTyp set to LoopWait, if there is already a riff or song playing to sync to, the current riff will wait for the playing riff or song to restart its loop (if it is looped) before stopping (see Loop on page 7‐59 for looping riffs, and Loop on page 12‐11 for looping songs.) This way you can trigger the riff to stop ahead of time, and have it stop in sync at the start of the playing riff or song’s loop. The difference from Loop is that if there is nothing playing to sync to, the riff will not stop when released. If the riff or song that you are syncing to is already running, LoopWait behaves just like Loop.
With RelSynTyp set to StopWait, if there is already something playing to sync to, the current riff will wait for what is playing to stop before releasing. This way you can trigger the riff to stop ahead of time, and have it start in sync at the release (stopping) of the riff, arpeggiator, or song that you are syncing to. The difference from Stop is that if there is nothing playing to sync to, the riff will not stop when released. If the riff or song that you are syncing to is already running, StopWait behaves just like Stop.
Note: For all RelSynTyp settings except Stop, StartWait and StopWait, a riff can sync its release with its self. For example, you could use riff 1 and sync it to its self by setting Riff 1 for the RelSynZn parameter. Then, if you set DownBeat for the RelSynTyp parameter, when released the riff would always wait until its next downbeat to stop.
7-62
Setup Mode
Riffs
Duration (Dur)
Duration changes the duration of each MIDI note. The original durations of the notes in the sequence are multiplied by the selected percentage. 100% will cause no change, values smaller than 100% will result in shorter durations, values larger than 100% will result in longer durations.
Velocity
Velocity changes the velocity of each MIDI note. The original velocities of the notes in the sequence are multiplied by the selected percentage. 100% will cause no change, values smaller than 100% will result in lower velocities, values larger than 100% will result in higher velocities.
Offset
You can fine tune the start time of your riff in ticks by using the Offset parameter. A positive value will delay the start time, while a negative value will speed up the start time.
Real-time Control of Riff Parameters
You can have real‐time control over several Riff parameters, by assigning physical controllers to special Riff Controller Destinations. Any input (or entry value) from a physical controller assigned to a Riff Controller Destination overrides the programmed values for the parameters of the riff on that controller’s zone. The override remains in effect until you select a different setup. Remember, each of the following Controller Destinations affects only the riff for the zone which your controller is assigned to.
Controller
Number
163
Corresponding
Riff Parameter
RiffOn
Operation
Riff On. Any value triggers the zone’s Riff if Riff is set to On
on RIFF1 page.
164
RiffOff
Riff Off. Any value stops playback of zone’s Riff.
165
RiffDur
Riff Duration, sets the Duration parameter (see above.) The
Duration value is calculated by multiplying the received
controller value by 1000, and dividing the answer by 128 (any
decimal points are taken off the final value.) Here are some
example values: 7 = 54%, 13 = 101%,19 = 148%, 32 = 250%,
64 = 500%, 127 = 992%
166
RiffVel
Riff Velocity, sets the Velocity parameter (see above.) The
Velocity value is calculated by multiplying the received
controller value by 2. For Example, 25 = 50%, 50 = 100%,
100 = 200%, 127 = 254%.
167
RiffDly
Riff Delay, Controls Offset parameter (see above.) Controller
value 64 = 0 offset ticks. Each value away from 64 = 512
offset ticks. For example, 63 = -512 offset ticks, 65 = +512
offset ticks, 0 = -32768 offset ticks, 127 = +32256 offset ticks.
7-63
Setup Mode
The FX Pages: FX, AUX1, AUX2, and MASTER EFFECTS
The FX Pages: FX, AUX1, AUX2, and MASTER EFFECTS
The four Setup mode FX pages—FX, AUX1, AUX2, and MASTER EFFECTS—work the same way as the Effect mode pages—EffectsEnable, Aux 1 Override, Aux 2 Override, and Master Effects. See Effect Mode and the Effects Pages on page 9‐4 for information on editing these pages. You can use the Effect (FX Bypass) Mode button to bypass effects while editing.
The Programmable Switch Pages: SWPRG1 to SWPRG8
The PC3’s eight Programmable Switches are the eight Program Select buttons located above the program Category buttons. Each button has its own SWPRG page, but each page is essentially identical.
The SWPRG page parameters are described in Switch Controller Parameters on page 7‐30
7-64
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Type
Momentary, Toggled
Toggled
On Control
Control Destination List
OFF
On Value
None, 0 to 127
None
Off Control
Control Destination List
OFF
Off Value
None, 0 to 127
None
Entry Value
None, Off, On
None
Exit Value
None, Off, On
None
Setup Mode
The COMMON Page
The COMMON Page
The COMMON page contains parameters that affect every zone in the current setup.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Tempo
20 to 300
120
Clock Source
Internal, External
Internal
Aux FX Channel
1 to 16
1
KB3 Channel
1 to 16
1
Mutes
Zone Mutes, KB3 Control
Zone Mutes
Arpeggiator Global
Off, Arp 1 to 16
Off
Tempo
When Clock Source is set to Internal, the Tempo parameter sets the PC3 system’s tempo. The Tempo parameter values are in units of BPM (beats per minute). You can also set the tempo using the tap tempo function. Press the left and right cursor buttons simultaneously to access the TEMPO page (see TEMPO on page 11‐10.)
Clock Source
With the Clock Source parameter, you can set the PC3—within the current setup—to generate its own tempo by setting Clock Source to Internal, or you can set the PC3 to sync up with the tempo from another device—assuming the device is sending MIDI clock data to the PC3 via MIDI or USB—by setting Clock Source to External. When Clock Source is set to External, the Tempo parameter disappears from the display.
Aux FX Channel
The Aux FX Channel determines the FX channel through which all of the zones in the current setup are sent. For example, if a zone 2 in a setup has a program with 25 Basic Delay 1/8 as an Aux FX, and is assigned to channel 5, then setting the Aux FX Channel to 5 sends the programs of all of the zones in the setup through zone 2’s Program’s Aux FX (i.e., through 25 Basic Delay 1/8).
7-65
Setup Mode
The COMMON Page
KB3 Channel
With this parameter, you can specify the KB3 channel in the current setup. Note that if you assign a KB3 program to a zone not assigned to the KB3 channel, the PC3 will notify you on the CH/PROG page, and the KB3 program will not load. Before selecting a KB3 program for a Zone, set the KB3 channel to match the channel set for that Zone on its CH/PROG page.
Mutes
The Mutes parameter gives you control over the behavior of the Bank buttons (the buttons above the sliders). By default, in Setup Mode the PC3 uses the Bank buttons to control the muting and unmuting of zones (see page 7‐2 for details.) When using a KB3 Program in a Setup, you must change the Mutes parameter to KB3 Control to use the Bank buttons to control KB3 effects. Set the Mutes parameter to Zone Mutes to make the Bank buttons control their default functions of muting and unmuting of zones.
Note: For setups with a KB3 program, you can program a switch to toggle back and forth between having the Bank buttons control KB3 effects, and having the Bank buttons Mute Zones. Pick a switch—say SW, which is right next to the Arp button. Choose a zone and go to the SWITCH page (or corresponding editor page for whatever switch you choose). Set the switch Type to Toggled, OnControl to KB3Mutes (enter 169, or scroll to the end of the Controller List,) OnValue to 127, OffControl to KB3Mutes, and OffValue to 0. The SW switch will now toggle the Bank button functions for the Setup. Arpeggiator Global (ArpGlobal)
With the ArpGlobal parameter, you can set the Arpeggiator of a single Zone to play notes on all Zones in the Setup. For example, if ArpGlobal is set to Arp 3, all zones will be played by the arpeggiator in in Zone 3 (if the arpeggiator in Zone 3 is active.) In addition to OFF, there are as many ArpGlobal settings as there are Zones in the current setup. For example, in a seven‐zone setup, you can select a value of OFF, or Arp 1–7 for ArpGlobal. To exclude a Zone from being played by the global arpeggiator, set the Arpeggiator parameter to Off on the CH/PROG page for that Zone (see Arpeggiator on page 7‐8 for details.)
For details on the arpeggiator for each Zone, see The ARPEGGIATOR & ARPEGGIATOR 2 (ARP1, ARP2) Pages on page 7‐42.
7-66
Setup Mode
TRIGGER KEYS (KEYTRG)
TRIGGER KEYS (KEYTRG)
The TRIGGER KEYS page (see below) allows you to set a controller destination to be triggered by playing a specific key. In addition to generating a standard MIDI note on message, each key of the PC3 can be set to trigger a controller destination. TRIGGER KEYS can be set independently per Zone. By using Zones with overlapping key ranges, a single key can trigger multiple controller destinations. On the TRIGGER KEYS page, select the Key field and choose a note by holding the Enter button and playing the desired key (you can also use the Alpha Wheel, ‐/+ buttons or alphanumeric pad to choose a note.) With the desired note selected, use the Dest field to select a controller destination (see The Controller Destination List for details.) Set a value to send to the controller destination with the Value field. Once a destination and value are set, the playing the key will send the value to the controller destination on the Zone’s MIDI Channel (see Channel on page 7‐5 for details on setting each Zone’s MIDI channel.) This may also send a continuous controller message to the MIDI or USB out ports, depending on the Zone’s Destination parameter (see Destination on page 7‐5 for details.) 7-67
Setup Mode
The Utility Soft Buttons
The Utility Soft Buttons
In addition to the Setup Editor’s pages, there are basic library and editing soft buttons. Their functions are described below.
Name
This enables you to rename the current setup. Use any data entry method to do this, including the letters on the alphanumeric buttonpad.
Save
Pressing Save calls up the standard Save Dialog. Simultaneously pressing the Plus and Minus data entry buttons toggles between saving the setup to the first available empty location, or replacing a currently existing setup. For more detailed instructions on saving, see Saving and Naming on page 5‐3.
Delete
This erases a setup from memory, freeing up space to store setups in other locations. (You can check the free memory in the PC3 at any time, on the top line of the pages in Master mode.) Press Delete, and you will be given a choice to Delete or Cancel. Press Delete again, and an “Are You Sure?” message will appear. Press Yes to delete the setup, or Cancel to cancel.
Factory ROM setups can not be deleted.
New Zone (NewZn)
Press NewZn to create a new zone with default parameters. The PC3 imports this zone from Zone 1 of 128 Default Setup. If there are parameters or entire pages you use often, you can create your own Default Setup and save it to location 128; pressing NewZn will then import zones from your custom Default Setup.
Duplicate Zone (DupZn)
This adds a new zone with the same parameters as the current zone.
Import Zone (ImpZn)
You can import, or “bring in,” any zone from any setup in memory. Press ImpZn, and use any data entry method to choose a setup to import from. Then use the Chan/Layer buttons to select one of that setup’s zones. Now press Import, and the zone you selected will be added to the current setup.
Note: If you are using all 16 zones in a setup and you try to add, duplicate, or import a zone, a “No More Zones” message appears. You must delete an existing zone before you can add, duplicate, or import any new ones.
Delete Zone (DelZn)
This deletes the current zone from the setup. Use DelZn to free up zones so you can add or import new ones.
7-68
Setup Mode
Recording A Setup To Song Mode
Recording A Setup To Song Mode
The MIDI output of a setup can be recorded to a song in Song mode. Each MIDI channel that is output from a setup is recorded into each track of a song (if the tracks have corresponding MIDI channels.) Programs from each zone of your setup are automatically assigned to tracks in Song mode. Follow these steps for proper recording of a new song from a setup:
1.
Enter Song mode by pressing the Song Mode button.
2.
On the Song mode MAIN page, select 0*New Song* in the CurSng field by entering 0 on the alphanumeric pad and pressing the Enter button. This loads a default empty song file.
3.
On the Song mode MAIN page, select Mult in the RecTrk field.
4.
Press the Setup Mode button to enter Setup Mode and choose the desired setup.
5.
Press the left and right cursor buttons simultaneously to reach the TEMPO Page. Enter a tempo by tapping the Tap soft button or enter a tempo in the Tempo field. When you are finished, press the Done soft button to return to the Setup mode main page.
6.
Press the Record button and then the Play/Pause button to begin recording. The metronome will count off 1 bar and then recording will begin (you can set metronome and other recording settings in Song mode.)
7.
Press the Stop button to stop recording. You will see the usual Song mode save changes dialog where you can review, retry, or save your song (see The Save Changes Dialog on page 12‐9.)
8.
After saving your song, you will be returned to the Song mode MAIN page, where your saved song will be loaded. You can continue to record or edit the song in Song mode just as you would with any other song (see Song Mode and the Song Editor on page 12‐1.) Each program from each zone in your setup is automatically assigned to a track (change the RecTrk parameter in order to record to a single track.) You can also continue to record from Setup mode by going back to step 3, above. Remember to set the tempo (step 5 above) before recording, as the song tempo will change if your setup is saved with a different tempo.
Notes About Recording A Setup To Song Mode
Tempo: The tempo of a setup is set on the SetupMode:COMMON page (see The COMMON Page on page 7‐65.) If you plan to record a song from the same setup several times, it is convenient to set your desired tempo on the SetupMode:COMMON page and save it with your setup. By doing this, you will not need to reset your setup tempo to the desired song tempo every time you load your setup (as in step 5, above.)
Riffs: If you are using Riffs in your setup, do the following to make each Riff play at your setup’s tempo (which also becomes your song’s tempo.) For each zone that has a riff, go to the SetupMode:RIFF2 page (see The RIFF2 Page on page 7‐58) and set the BPM parameter to Setup. Remember to save changes to your setup when exiting the Setup Editor.
Effects: When recording a setup into Song mode, the song will not retain the Aux or Master effects settings of your setup. If you would like your song to use the same effects as your setup, copy the settings of your setup’s FX, AUX1, AUX2, and MASTER EFFECTS pages to the FX, AUX1, AUX2, and Master Effects pages in your song. Alternatively, playing your song from setup mode will allow you to hear the effects. To do this, load your song, press the Setup Mode button to enter Setup mode and choose your setup, then press the Play/Pause button. This will play your song from Setup mode, and the effects will be intact.
7-69
Setup Mode
Recording A Setup To Song Mode
Mono Pressure: When recording a setup to Song mode with Mult selected for RecTrk in Song mode, you may notice that every track has recorded Mono Pressure messages, even if there is nothing else recorded on a track. If this bothers you, you can set the MonoPress parameter to Off on the Song:Event Filter Recording page (see Song Mode: The Filter Pages (RECFLT and PLYFLT) on page 12‐15.) This will prevent Mono Pressure messages from being recorded to any track. Alternatively, you can erase Mono Pressure messages from specific tracks after recording. To do this, go to the EditSong: Track page (see Song Editor: The TRACK Page on page 12‐21.) On the EditSong: Track page, use the Chan/Layer buttons to choose the track to edit (visible in the Track field at the top right corner of the display.) Set the Function parameter to Erase and the Events parameter to MonoPress. Use the From and To fields to select the entire length of your song, and press the Go soft button to erase Mono Pressure messages from the selected track. Repeat this for each desired track. You can also choose ALL for the Track parameter to erase Mono Pressure messages from all tracks.
Controller Messages: When recording a setup to Song mode with Mult selected for RecTrk in Song mode, you may often be recording more controller messages than you realize. This can happen because multiple setup zones often respond to the same physical controllers. This is likely to be the case when you use a setup created by duplicating zones and do not change the controller destination assignments for each new zone. Often this is the desired behavior, such as when using zones to create layers. For example, if zone one sends pitch bend messages from the pitch wheel, and you duplicate this zone to create a layered zone two, you will likely want the zone two to send the same messages from the pitch wheel. This way the pitch of these layered zones will bend simultaneously when using the pitch wheel. But say for example that you also have a zone three with a different key range than zones one and two, but which sends the same messages from the pitch wheel. While playing and recording your setup, the function of the pitch wheel will be obvious, but some confusion can arise when you have recorded your setup and you proceed to record more tracks in Song mode. Because you have recorded with Mult selected for RecTrk, the track for zone three will have pitch bend messages recorded wherever zones one and two have bend messages, even if zone three was not playing any notes at that time. For example, lets say zones one and two were bending during bar 1. If you want to separately record zone three during bars 1 and 2, you will probably want to delete the existing bend messages from zone three’s track. You can do this from the EditSong: Track page (see Song Editor: The TRACK Page on page 12‐21, and an example of its use in the Mono Pressure section, above.) Alternatively, if there is nothing to preserve on the track for zone three, you can record it with the song Mode parameter set to Erase, which will erase any existing events on the track during the time that you record. Just remember to change the RecTrk parameter in order to record to a single track.
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Quick Access Mode
Chapter 8
Quick Access Mode
In Quick Access mode, you can select programs or setups with a single press of an alphanumeric button (or with other data entry methods). The PC3 offers a number of ways to quickly make selections while performing, but only Quick Access mode lets you store programs and setups together for instant access. On the PC3, we included several factory preset QA banks that are organized into useful groupings of sounds that we think you’ll find convenient. Below is the QA page:
The top line of the page displays the current mode and the current QA bank.
Using Quick Access mode involves selecting Quick Access (QA) banks from the list of factory preset or user‐programmed banks. Use the Chan/Layer buttons to scroll through the QA banks. You can also use the bank selection shortcut: press the +/– or Clear button on the alphanumeric pad, and you’ll be prompted to enter a bank number. Type the desired number on the alphanumeric pad, then press Enter. The bank is selected, and you return to the Quick Access mode page. Each bank contains ten memory slots, or entries, where you can store programs or setups in any combination. Any program or setup in the currently selected bank can be selected with the numeric buttons 0 through 9.
If the highlighted entry contains a program, the bottom right‐hand field of the page displays the channel on which the program entries are transmitted (this channel is the current channel in Program mode). If the highlighted entry contains a setup, the bottom right‐hand field of the page displays the word “Setup.” The MIDI Program Change commands that the PC3 receives when in Quick Access mode can differ from those in Program or Setup mode. This depends on the setting you have for the PrgChgMode parameter on the MIDIMode:Receive page in MIDI mode. If PrgChgMode is set to Extended or K2600, the PC3 responds to Program Change commands as it would in Program or Setup mode. If PrgChgMode is set to QAccess, the PC3 responds to Program Change commands by calling up the corresponding entry in the current QA bank, not the actual program number of the entry.
8-1
Quick Access Mode
The QA Editor
Soft Buttons In Quick Access Mode
Use the Octav– and Octav+ soft buttons to transpose up or down by a full octave. Pressing both Octav buttons simultaneously returns the transposition to its original setting.
Press the Info soft button to see all of the controller assignments of the current program. Scroll down the page using the Alpha Wheel, cursor or the ‐/+ buttons.
The Xpose‐/Xpose+ buttons are a shortcut for quick transposition in semitone (half step) increments. You can use them to transpose the entire PC3 as much as three octaves up or down. The bottom line of the display shows the current amount of transposition (Xpose). Pressing both Xpose buttons simultaneously returns the transposition to zero. The Xpose buttons transpose the PC3, as well as any MIDI devices connected to the PC3’s MIDI Out port. Changing the transposition with the soft buttons also changes the Transpose setting on the MIDIMode:Transmit page in MIDI mode.
The QA Editor
Use the QA Editor to customize existing QA banks. Enter the QA editor from QA mode by pressing the Edit button.
The top line gives you the usual mode reminder, the current QA bank, and the current entry (corresponding numeric button for the highlighted object.) The cursor highlights the object (program or setup) that’s stored in the current entry.
Selecting A Quick Access Entry To Edit
Pressing the Chan/Layer buttons scrolls through the ten entries—the number of the current entry is displayed in the top‐right corner. As the entry number changes, the highlighted objects at the center of the page change as well, showing you what’s stored in each entry. On the page above, for example, entry 0 is the current entry. Selecting A Program For A Quick Access Entry
Above, the Type field tells you that the object stored at entry 0 is a program. The cursor highlights the program’s ID and name. Use the Alpha Wheel or ‐/+ buttons to scroll through the list of programs. 8-2
Quick Access Mode
The QA Editor
Selecting A Setup For A Quick Access Entry
If you want to store a setup in the current entry instead of a program, press the Type soft button—when you do this, notice that the Type field change from Program to Setup (also notice that the channel indicator disappears, since setups can transmit over several channels). The list of objects changes from the program list to the setup list. Just as with programs, the cursor highlights the setup’s ID and name. Use the Alpha Wheel or ‐/+ buttons to scroll through the setups. You can also use the alphanumeric pad followed by the Enter button to choose a Setup by ID#.
Keep in mind that you can have both setups and programs in the same QA bank.
Naming And Saving A Quick Access Bank
When you’ve filled each entry with the object you want, press the Name soft button if you want to rename the bank, or press the Save soft button to begin the save procedure. Or, press the Exit button to exit the QA editor, and the “Save Changes?” dialog comes up.
8-3
Quick Access Mode
The QA Editor
8-4
Effects and Effect Mode
Effects Overview
Chapter 9
Effects and Effect Mode
The PC3 boasts a powerful effects processor that puts the power of an entire studio at your fingertips. This chapter contains everything you’ll need to know to use the PC3’s effects and Chain Editor to their fullest potentials.
•
Read the Effects Overview section below for a description of the differences between Insert, Aux, and Master effects. This section also explains the concepts of effects Chains, signal flow, and DSP units. •
Read the Effect Mode and the Effects Pages section (see page 9‐4) for details on quickly changing Aux effects settings in Program mode. This section can also be used a reference for the effects pages in Setup mode and Song mode. For details on effects parameters in the Program Editor see The Program FX (PROGFX) Page on page 6‐47, and The Layer FX (LYR_FX) Page on page 6‐49.
•
Read the The Chain Editor section (see page 9‐9) for instructions on how to edit and create your own effects Chains (presets.)
•
Lastly, the Effects Parameters section (see page 9‐12) contains details on the parameters for each type of effect available in the Chain Editor.
Effects Overview
This section gives an overview of the basic effects types available in the PC3, PC3 effects Chains (presets,) effects routing in the PC3, effects processor power management, and overriding the Aux Chains stored with each Program. Read the Insert Effects and Aux Effects sections to learn about the two types of effects that can be applied during different stages of a program’s signal path.
Insert Effects
Insert Effects are placed directly in the signal path at the output of a single program. These Insert Effects can apply to either the whole program or only to selected layers within the program. Each program layer and program on a zone/track can have its own Insert Effect chain (up to 11 insert chains can be loaded, depending on available processing power, see DSP Units ‐ Manage and Distribute Processor Power for Effects on page 9‐3 for details.)
Aux Effects
Aux Effects, unlike Insert FX, are not applied to the whole output of a program, but are blended in with the original unprocessed program sound. Each Program, Setup or Song has two stereo Aux Sends that go to the Aux 1 and Aux 2 Effects. The Aux Effects are global (available to all channels/zones/tracks at the same time,) and there can be only one set of Aux effects (Aux 1 and Aux 2) loaded at a time. Each Aux effect can be set to be applied either pre‐ or post‐Insert Effect (see Signal Flow below for details.)
In Program mode, the Aux Effects come from the program loaded on the currently selected MIDI channel. In Song and Setup modes, there is a parameter to select the track or zone whose program specifies the Aux Effects. Alternatively, the Aux Effects stored with each program can be temporarily overridden by using the Effect button in Program mode, or set directly on the AUX1 and AUX2 pages in Song or Setup mode (see Aux Override on page 9‐3 for details.) 9-1
Effects and Effect Mode
Effects Overview
Master Effects
After the signal goes through the Insert and Aux effects, the master EQ/compressor effects are applied globally to the signal at the main outputs. Neither the EQ nor the Compressor use up any DSP units, so you needn’t account for them when managing DSP units for effects processing power. See The Master Effects Page on page 9‐8 for details.
Chains
The object used for Insert and Aux Effects is referred to as a “Chain.” A Chain contains a single effect‐box or is a series of connected effect‐boxes. Each program can have one main Insert Chain, or individual layers within a program can have their own Insert Chain that will be used instead of the program’s main Insert Chain. Programs, Setups and Songs can each have two Aux Chains. You can select from the same set of Chains to use for both Aux and Insert Effects. (Up 11 Insert Chains and two Aux Chains can be active at a time, depending on DSP unit usage, see DSP Units ‐ Manage and Distribute Processor Power for Effects on page 9‐3 for details.)
Signal Flow
When using effects, it is important to understand how your signal is being processed. For each Program, zone, or track, your signal can be sent to the Aux effects before or after being processed by the Program’s Insert effects. The diagram below is for a program that does not use layer‐specific effects, showing the possible routes that the signal of a program can “flow” through to reach the different types of effects. Follow the appropriate route to help visualize the stages in which the signal is being processed. A circle with an arrow through it shows a point where the signal level can be adjusted. Dashed lines indicate different routes that the signal can flow (based on the Aux pre/post settings and Master FX Order settings. A circled sigma () shows where signals are mixed together.
Comp

Insert
Chain
Program
Output
Master FX Order
EQ
Pre
EQ
Comp
Post
Send Levels
AUX 1 Chain
AUX 2 Chain
When using effects, the first decision to make is whether you want to use an Insert or Aux effect (see the Insert Effects and Aux Effects sections above.) If you are using both types of effects for a program, zone, or track in Song Mode, you can choose to have your signal sent to the Aux effects before or after being processed by the Insert effects. (See Send Levels and Pre/Post Ins. on page 9‐7 for details.) When your signal is sent to the Aux Effects after being processed by the Program’s Insert Effects, this is called applying the Aux Effect post‐Insert. When your signal is sent to the Aux Effects before being processed by the Program’s Insert Effects, this is called applying the Aux Effect pre‐Insert. When an Aux Effect is applied post‐Insert, the wet (processed) Aux signal has a series of effects applied to it—i.e., cascaded effects. This means that the signal that is blended back in from the result of the Aux Effect will also contain the result of the Insert Effect. When an Aux Effect is applied pre‐Insert, the wet Aux signal has no Insert effect applied to it, and the final output has parallel effects—i.e., distinct effects. This means that the signal that is blended back in from the result of the Aux Effect will not contain the result of the Insert Effect.
9-2
Effects and Effect Mode
Effects Overview
The diagram below shows the signal paths for a multitimbral setup or song. The first two zones (or tracks in Song Mode) are diagramed as an example (represented by dark lines.) The 14 additional available zones (or tracks in Song mode) are represented by gray lines (labeled as Etc.) Notice that each Program has its own Insert Chain, but all Programs share the same two Aux Chains:
Insert
Chain
Program
ZONE/TRACK 1
Pre
Post
Send Levels
Comp

Insert
Chain
Program
ZONE/TRACK 2
Output
Master FX Order
EQ
Pre
EQ
Comp
Post
Send Levels
Etc.

AUX 1 Chain

AUX 2 Chain
DSP Units - Manage and Distribute Processor Power for Effects
Each Effect Chain is composed of an effect‐box or a series of effect‐boxes. Each effect‐box uses a certain amount of the PC3’s effects processing power, represented as a number of “DSP units.” The number of DSP units used by an effect‐box or Chain reflects how complex the effect’s algorithm is—more complex effects require more processing power. You can use up to 16 DSP units at a time shared between all effects (except Master effects, which don’t use any DSP units.) See The EffectsEnable Page on page 9‐4 for details on how the PC3 automatically manages the usage of DSP units (the default behavior,) and how you can override this behavior and manually manage usage of DSP units.
Aux Override
Normally, in Program mode the Aux Effects Chains are specified by the program on the current channel—or, in Setup mode and Song mode, by the program on the specified Aux Effects channel. Aux override allows you to audition and select a new Aux chain without editing a program. In Effects mode, the Setup Editor, or Song mode, press the AUXFX1 or AUXFX2 soft buttons to set overrides for Aux Chain selection and other Aux Effects parameters. The Chain specified for the Aux override is used instead of the chain of the current channel (or instead of the specified Aux Effects channel in Setup and Song mode.) Also, send levels and other parameters normally specified within individual programs can be set to fixed values on the Aux Override pages. See The Aux 1 Override and Aux 2 Override Pages on page 9‐5 for details.
9-3
Effects and Effect Mode
Effect Mode and the Effects Pages
Effect Mode and the Effects Pages
In Program mode (or with a program selected in Quick Access mode) press the Effect mode button to enter Effect mode. Effect mode allows you to quickly change program effect settings without entering the Program Editor, and set Master effects. You can set DSP unit usage for programs on each MIDI channel. You can override the current Aux Chains (set by the program on the currently selected MIDI channel) by selecting new Aux effect Chains. You can also override other Aux settings that are usually set by the program on the currently selected MIDI channel, such as physical audio output settings, controller assignments for Aux send levels, and Aux send levels and pre/post insert settings for programs on each MIDI channel. Most of the settings in Effect mode apply only to Program mode and programs selected from Quick Access mode (see The Master Effects Page section below for an exception.) Setup mode and Song mode have their own Effects pages which are very similar to the pages in Effects mode. The following sections can be used as a reference for those pages, any differences will be noted.
Note: The settings made in Effect mode can be saved by saving the master table. By default, the master table is saved when exiting Master Mode (see Save on page 11‐17 and Master Table Lock (Master Lock) on page 11‐3 for details.) If you don’t save the master table, the Effect mode settings will return to their defaults the next time the PC3 is turned on. Be careful, do not accidentally save the Effect mode settings if you do not wish to. The settings on the effects pages for Setup mode and Song mode are saved with each Setup and Song.
The EffectsEnable Page
NOTE: In Setup mode and Song mode, this page corresponds in appearance and function to the FX page, though the FX page works on a per setup/song basis.
Pressing the CHANFX soft button calls up the EffectsEnable page. This page is used to manage and distribute effects processing power (DSP units) among the programs on each MIDI channel. By default the PC3 automatically manages the usage of DSP units, see Default DSP Unit Usage below for details. You can also override the default DSP unit usage by using the EffectsEnable page, see Manual Management of DSP Unit Usage below for details. About DSP Units
Each Effect Chain is composed of an effect‐box or a series of effect‐boxes. Each effect‐box uses a certain amount of the PC3’s effects processing power, represented as a number of “DSP units.” The number of DSP units used by an effect‐box or Chain reflects how complex the effect’s algorithm is—more complex effects require more processing power. You can use up to 16 DSP units at a time shared between all effects (except Master effects, which don’t use any DSP units.)
Default DSP Unit Usage
In Program Mode, the program on the currently selected MIDI channel will have priority for using DSP units, followed by programs on the lowest to highest MIDI channel. The PC3 loads 9-4
Effects and Effect Mode
Effect Mode and the Effects Pages
effects for programs on each of the 16 MIDI channels until all of the 16 DSP units are used up. In Setup and Song Mode, the MIDI channel of the lowest used zone/track will have priority for using DSP units. This zone/track will use as many DSP units as it need for its effects, then the MIDI channel of the next highest used zone/track will use DSP units to load its effects, and this continues until all of the DSP units are used up.
Manual Management of DSP Unit Usage
You can override the default DSP unit usage and manually control which channels can use DSP units and which can not. Use the EffectsEnable page to turn on or off DSP unit usage for the program on each MIDI channel. On the EffectsEnable page, each channel can be set to Y to use DSP units for that channel, or to N to not use DSP units for that channel. Some channels set to Y may be displayed as (Y). This means that there are not enough DSP units available for that channel, and that channel’s effects are not loaded. Use the cursor buttons to select each channel, then use the Alpha Wheel or ‐/+ buttons to set the selected channel to Y or N.
As the cursor is moved from left to right on these pages, the Insert and Aux Effects Chains for each channel are displayed on the bottom of the page. (Aux Chains are only displayed if the channel is the current channel in Program Mode or the specified Aux Effects channel in Setup or Song mode.) The number of DSP units required to load effects for the cursor‐highlighted channel is shown at the top of the page.
Note: When a channel isn’t allocating DSP units because it’s set to N or (Y) (because resources are exhausted,) the channel still sends its signal to the Aux sends. If the channel set to N or (Y) has its Aux sends turned up, and the Aux effect is on a channel set to Y, the channel set to N or (Y) will still be processed by the Aux effects on the channel set to Y. (On the EffectsEnable page, the channel with a box around its channel number contains the Aux Chains currently being used. This is the currently selected channel in Program mode, or the specified Aux Effect channel in Setup and Song mode.)
The Aux 1 Override and Aux 2 Override Pages
NOTE: In Setup mode and Song mode, these pages correspond in appearance and function to the AUX1 and AUX2 pages, though they work on a per setup/song basis.
Pressing the AUXFX1 soft button or the AUXFX2 soft button calls up, respectively, the Aux 1 Override page or the Aux 2 Override page. Use these pages to change Aux effect settings without entering the Program Editor.
Each Program in the PC3 can be saved with two Aux effects chains. In Program Mode, the program on the current MIDI channel determines the Aux effect chains used for programs on all channels. (In Setup and Song mode Aux chains are determined by the program on the specified Aux Effects channel.) To change Aux effect settings without entering the Program Editor, enter Effects Mode and go to the Aux 1 or Aux 2 Override page. (Go to the AUX1 and AUX2 pages in Song mode or the Setup Editor.) You can select a different Aux effect chain, set Aux send levels for programs on each channel, and set other basic Aux effect parameters. In Program Mode, these parameters remain at their override values until the PC3 is restarted, or until you reset them in Effect mode to the default values listed in the table below. (In Setup and Song mode these settings are saved with each Setup or Song.)
9-5
Effects and Effect Mode
Effect Mode and the Effects Pages
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Override
No, Yes
No
Chain
Chain List
0 None
Output
auto, Pri., Sec.
auto
Mod Override
Control Source List
None
Send Level
[p], -96 to 24 dB
[p]
Pre-/Post- Insert
[p], pst, pre
[p]
Override
This parameter switches on or off the Aux override. Set Override to Yes to select an override Aux Chain on this page (the Chain parameter appears, see below.) Set Override to No to use the aux chains of the program on the current channel (or the program on the specified Aux Effects channel in Setup or Song mode.) If Override is set to No, the top line of the page displays the Aux Chain that is loaded for the current program, as well as the current channel. In the case of the page shown above, the Aux 1 Chain of the current program is 906 Medium Hall2, and the current channel is 6. Notice that in Program mode, if an Aux effect is overridden in Effect mode, the top line of the PROGFX (or LYR_FX) page (in the Program Editor) indicates that corresponding Chain does not use up any DSP units. Since the Chain specified for the program is not applied, the PC3 does not allocate resources for it.
Chain
When Override is set to Yes, you can select an override Aux Chain for the page’s corresponding Aux bus. This parameter is not visible when Override is set to No.
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Effects and Effect Mode
Effect Mode and the Effects Pages
Output
This parameter specifies the physical audio output pair for the page’s corresponding Aux Chain’s output. The settings Pri. and Sec. refer, respectively, to the primary and secondary physical audio outputs of the PC3 (labeled “MAIN” and “AUX” on the back panel.) Setting Output to auto uses the output pair specified in the program on the current channel (or the program on the specified Aux Effects channel in Setup or Song mode).
Mod Override
This parameter can be used to override the Mod Control source of the program on the current channel (or the program on the specified Aux Effects channel in Setup or Song mode.) Set a physical controller or other Mod Control source to scale the Aux send level between ‐96dB and the value set for the aux send level. A setting of None yields no override in Mod Control source, and uses the Mod Control source specified in the program on the current channel (or the program on the specified Aux Effects channel in Setup or Song mode.)
Send Levels and Pre/Post Ins.
On the bottom half of the page, there are two parameters for each of the 16 MIDI channels: Send Level (top row) and Pre‐/Post‐Insert (bottom row). The setting for each Send Level parameter determines if each channels Aux Send Level is overridden, and if so, by what value. A value of [p] means “no override” (i.e., use the values specified in the program). A value of [p] can be set by entering ‐99 with the alphanumeric pad and then pressing the Enter button, or by using the Alpha wheel or ‐/+ buttons to scroll below ‐96db.
Note: In most factory ROM programs, the send level for Aux 1 is controlled by an Aux mod set to MIDI28 (slider I.) If a send level override is set, it will usually be scaled by the entry value for slider I each time a program is selected. To defeat this behavior, set the Mod Override parameter to ON, then set the Send Level override value.
The setting for each Pre‐/Post‐Insert parameter determines if the Aux routing for each channel is overridden, and if so, by what routing. Pre means that the Aux Send takes place before any Insert Effect is applied, whereas a setting of Pst means that the Aux Send takes place post‐Insert Effect. (Of course, if the program on the channel has no Insert Effects loaded, then this parameter will make no difference.) A value of [p] means “no override” (i.e., use the values specified in the program).
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Effects and Effect Mode
Effect Mode and the Effects Pages
The Master Effects Page
NOTE: In Setup mode and Song mode, this page corresponds in appearance and function to the MASTER EFFECTS page, which works on a per setup/song basis.
Pressing the MASTER soft button calls up the Master Effects page. The Master Effects page contains the settings for the master EQ and Compressor. When enabled, the master effects are applied to all programs in Program Mode. (In Setup and Song mode, each setup and song can have its own master effects settings or use the master effects settings from Effect mode, see Mode below for details.) The page appears as shown below:
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Mode
Master, Setup
Master
Order
Compressor => EQ, EQ => Compressor
Compressor => EQ
Master FX
Master FX Enabled, Master FX Bypassed
Master FX Enabled
The two boxes in the chain on the Master Effects page are the master Compressor and EQ Effects. Press the Edit button while either of these boxes is selected to edit the parameters for the box’s effect. See Equalizers (EQ) on page 9‐15 and Compressors, Expanders, and Gates on page 9‐16 for description on the EQ and Compressor parameters.
Mode
The setting for the Master Effects can be set directly on this page, or optionally in the control setup. In Program mode, to set up the Master Effects from Effect mode, set the Mode parameter to Master. To use the settings in the current control setup, select Setup. Controlling the Master Effects from the control setup allows for convenient switching between different configurations. See Control Setup on page 6‐9 details. (In Setup and Song modes, a setting of Master uses the master effect settings set in Effect Mode, while a setting of Setup uses the master effects settings for the current Setup or Song.)
Order
Use the Order parameter to determine the order of the two effects. Setting Order to Compressor => EQ routes signal through the Compressor first, and then through the EQ. Setting Order to EQ => Compressor routes signal through the EQ first, and then through the Compressor. Master FX
The Master FX parameter determines whether the Master Effects are enabled or bypassed. Setting Master FX to Master FX Enabled enables the Master Effects. Setting Master FX to Master FX Bypassed bypasses the Master Effects, and effectively removes them from the signal path.
9-8
Effects and Effect Mode
The Chain Editor
The Chain Editor
Pressing the Edit button while a Chain (other than 0 None) is highlighted—on any of the various effects pages—will call up the Chain editor. From the Program editor, the program’s Insert and Aux Chains can be edited from the PROGFX and LYRFX pages. In Effect mode Chains selected for Aux overrides can be edited from the Aux 1 Override and Aux 2 Override pages. In Setup and Song mode Chains selected for Aux overrides can be edited from the AUX1 and AUX2 pages.
A Chain is made up of one or more effect‐boxes, with each box containing a single effect. You can have up to 16 effect‐boxes in a Chain. The settings for all of the parameters of each effect‐box are also stored within the Chain. There are 15 Mod Controls that allow for real‐time control over any parameter from any effect‐box in the Chain. Per Chain Control sources are also provided to be used as inputs to the effect Mods (two FXLFOs, two FXASRs, and four FXFUNs.) These work similarly to the LFOs, ASRs and FUNs in Program mode, but are only available for use with the effect Mods.
The MAIN Page
In the Chain Editor, pressing the MAIN soft button calls up the MAIN page. The MAIN page is where you configure the length of a Chain and select the individual effects that make up the Chain. The Chain editor MAIN page of the Chain 269 PnoEnhancRvb3 appears as shown below:
At the top right of the display is the number of DSP units used by the currently selected effect‐
box, and by the Chain as a whole. 2/5 Units indicates that the current effect‐box is using two DSP units and the Chain is using a total of five DSP units for all of its effects boxes. There are a total of 16 units available for all of the Chains that are currently loaded by programs and any active Aux overrides from Setup/Song/Effects mode.
NOTE: In some configurations, not all 16 units are available for use with multi‐unit effects because of the way the DSP is allocated internally.
Like all other representations of signal paths in the PC3 display, the program signal moves from left to right through the Chain. Use the cursor buttons to select an effect‐box or empty spot in the Chain. The effect loaded into the selected effect‐box can be changed by numeric entry, with the Alpha Wheel, or with the +/– buttons; and can be changed with either the effect‐box or the Effect field at the bottom of the page highlighted. The +/‐ double button press will jump to the next effect “category.”
Pressing the Insert soft button adds a new effect‐box to the Chain in the currently selected block‐slot, and pushes the currently selected effect‐box down the Chain to the right. (If you have run out of DSP units, you will not be able to create additional effects boxes.) Pressing the Remove soft button takes the currently selected effect out of the Chain. 9-9
Effects and Effect Mode
The Chain Editor
Editing Effect-boxes
To edit the parameters of an effect, select its effect‐box on the MAIN page and press the Edit button. For each effect, there are one or more pages of parameters that are specific to that effect. See Effects Parameters on page 9‐12 for details on parameters for each type of effect. Any parameter controlled by an effect Mod will display a value of FxMod and cannot be edited. To return to the MAIN page of the chain editor, press the Exit button.
The MOD Pages
There are three pages for configuring effects mods: MOD1, MOD2, and MOD3. All three pages are essentially identical in appearance and function. See below for an example MOD page:
Box
The Box parameter specifies which effect‐box in the Chain to which the Mod will be applied. Param
The Param parameter selects which parameter of the specified box’s effect will be modulated.
Adjust
The Adjust parameter sets a fixed value for the specified parameter (Param) that is applied before any modulation.
Source
The Source parameter determines the Control source that will modulate the parameter (Param) in real‐time. This can be any of the normal channel Control sources (sliders, mod wheel, pedals, etc.) or one of the Chain‐specific Control sources (FXLFOs, FXASRs, and FXFUNs). Depth
The Depth parameter determines the range of modulation that the Controller will apply. When the Control source has a value of 0, the parameter’s (Param’s) value will be the Adjust value. When the control source is all the way up, the parameter’s (Param’s) value will be the Adjust value plus the Depth value.
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Effects and Effect Mode
The Chain Editor
FXLFO, FXASR, and FXFUN pages
The FXLFO, FXASR, and FXFUN pages are the pages from which you edit the Effects‐only Control sources. These are Control sources that can be used by the effects Mods in the current Chain. The parameters on these pages work exactly like those of the corresponding Control sources in program mode (see The LFO Page on page 6‐38, The ASR Page on page 6‐40, and The Function (FUN) Page on page 6‐41 in Chapter 6, Program Mode).
INFO
Press the INFO soft button to go to the INFO page where you can edit the controller assignment info for the current Chain. Info allows you to add a description for each FX Mod you have assigned. When a Program or Setup uses a Chain that has been stored with info, you can view the info by pressing the Info soft button on the Program mode or Setup mode main pages. This allows you to easily view which Chain parameters are controlled by which assigned physical controllers or MIDI CC numbers.
On the INFO page, use the Chan/Layer buttons to scroll through the current Chain’s list of controller assignment info. Each assignment info entry has a MIDI controller number and a Text parameter to describe what the assignment controls. One info entry can be made for each MIDI CC number.
To edit the text of a controller assignment, press the Text soft button. To create a new controller assignment info entry, press the New soft button (you will be prompted for a MIDI controller number.) To create a new controller assignment info entry with the same text as the current info entry, press the Dup soft button (you will be prompted for a new MIDI controller number, only one info entry can be made for each MIDI CC number.) To delete the current controller assignment info entry, press the Delete soft button (you will be prompted to confirm or cancel.) To return to the Chain editor press the Done soft button or the Exit button. See Export on page 13‐13 for details on exporting Chain info.
9-11
Effects and Effect Mode
Effects Parameters
Effects Parameters
This section contains descriptions of the PC3’s many effects parameters, and instructions on how to use them. Read through this section to get a good general understanding of the parameters.
The descriptions here do not include all of the parameters associated with every effect, and some effects may not have some of the parameters described here for their category. A more complete reference, with every effect and the meaning and range of every parameter, arranged in the order they appear on the screen, can be found in the KSP8 Algorithm Reference Guide on the Kurzweil website, www.kurzweil.com.
General Parameters
There are a number of parameters that are common to all or almost all effects, and we’ll deal with those first.
Wet/Dry balances the levels of the processed and unprocessed signals output from the effect. Wet represents the processed signal, while dry represents the unprocessed signal. The range is 0% wet (the signal is unprocessed) through 100% wet (no dry signal is present). Values between 0% and 100% blend the two signals, for example, at 20% the output signal is 20% wet (processed) and 80% dry (unprocessed.) A setting of 50% wet means the dry and processed signals are roughly equal in level. In some effects, separate Wet/Dry parameters are provided for the Left and Right input channels. In some cases, this parameters can have negative values, which indicate that the Wet signal is polarity‐inverted.
When an effect with the Wet/Dry parameter is used in Chain that has been selected as an Aux effect, Wet/Dry is automatically set to 100% wet and cannot be adjusted. This is because when using an Aux effect, the dry signal is already effectively at 100% on the main audio bus (not routed through the Aux effect.) In this case, turning up the Aux send level will blend the 100% wet signal (from the Aux bus) with the dry signal on the main audio bus. Out Gain sets the gain at the output of an effect.
In/Out enables or disables the effect. You can think of it as a Wet/Dry parameter with only two positions: 100% (In) and 0% (Out).
HF Damping (high frequency damping) is the cutoff (‐3 dB) frequency of a 6dB/octave lowpass filter that’s inserted before the processor. High frequencies above the set cutoff frequency will be filtered out. In the case of processors where multiple iterations of the signal are heard, such as in a delay, each iteration of the signal will pass through the filter, and will therefore be duller.
XCouple (Cross Couple). In stereo effects, this controls how much of any signal being fed back is going to the channel opposite to the one where it first appeared. At 100%, all feedback from signals at the left input goes to the right channel and vice versa, causing a “spreading” or in the case of delay lines, a “ping‐pong” effect. At 0%, fed‐back signals stay with the channel they came in on. A‐>B cfg (configuration). In combination effects that contain two (or more) components, the order in which the signal passes through the two components can be changed with this parameter. Combination effects are usually named with a “‐>”, as in 484 “Flange‐>Shaper”. For example, 484 “Flange‐>Shaper” can be configured so the signal passes through the flanger first and then the shaper, or through the shaper first and then the flanger. The cfg parameter determines the configuration, and its value is context‐sensitive—in this example, the choices would be “Fl‐>Shp” and “Shp‐>Fl”. A/Dry‐>B is also found in many combination effects, and controls the amount of signal that will pass dry (unprocessed) through the first component into the second component. Different combination effects use different variations on this parameter, depending on the context. The range is 0 to 100%.
9-12
Effects and Effect Mode
Effects Parameters
Reverbs
Room Type changes the configuration of the effect to simulate a wide array of room types and sizes including booths, small rooms, chambers, halls and large spaces. Because this parameter changes the structure of the reverb effect, you need to be careful when assigning it a MOD—
changing it in real time while signal is passing through it is likely to cause audible artifacts. Room types in different effects with similar names do not necessarily sound the same.
Rvrb Time is the RT60—the time it takes for the reverb to decay to 60 dB below its initial level—
in seconds. It is accurate assuming that several other parameters (HF Damping, Diff Scale, Size Scale, and Density) are at their nominal levels. It is adjustable up to “Inf”, which creates an infinitely‐sustaining reverb.
LateRvbTim adjusts the basic decay time of the late portion of the reverb after diffusion.
L Pre Dly and R Pre Dly (Pre‐Delay) is the time between the start of a sound and the output of the first reverb reflections from that sound. Longer pre‐delays can help make larger spaces sound more realistic. Longer times can also help improve the clarity of a mix by separating the reverb signal from the dry signal, so the dry signal is not obscured. You can set a separate time for the left and right reverb signals using L Pre Dly and R Pre Dly.
EarRef Lvl adjusts the mix level of the early‐reflection portion of effects which offer early reflections.
Late Lvl adjusts the mix level of the late‐reverb portion of effects which offer early reflections.
Diff Scale scales the “diffusion“ of the early reflections, that is, how spread out they are as a group over time. At very low settings, the early reflections start to sound quite discrete, and at higher settings the early reflections are seamless. It is adjustable from 0.00 to 2.00, with 1.00 being nominal for the given Room Type.
Density controls how tightly the early reflections are packed in time. Low Density settings group the early reflections close together, while higher values spread the reflections for a smoother reverb. It is adjustable from 0.00 to 4.00, with 1.00 being nominal (and usually optimal) for the given Room Type.
Expanse controls the amount of late reverb energy biased toward the edges of the stereo image. A setting of 0% will bias energy towards the center. Moving away from 0% will bias energy towards the sides. Positive and negative values will have a different character.
Build adjusts the envelope of certain portions of the reverb. Positive values speed up the envelope, and negative values slow it down.
Size Scale changes the size of the current room. Altering this parameter will change the reverb time and also cause some coloration of the reverb. It is adjustable from 0.00 to 4.00, with 1.00 being nominal (and usually optimal) for the given Room Type.
InfinDecay, when turned “On”, causes the reverb tail to decay infinitely. When it’s “Off”, the decay time is determined by the “Rvrb Time” or “LateRvbTim” parameters. This is a good parameter to control with a footswitch.
Wet Bal (Wet Balance). Some reverb effects are actually two stereo reverbs in one, with each one receiving a different mono signal. This balances the outputs of the two reverbs—0% means they are being mixed equally.
9-13
Effects and Effect Mode
Effects Parameters
Delays
There are two types of taps in the Multitap delays: The “Loop“ tap, which has a feedback loop back to its input, and the numbered taps. The numbered taps can be single iterations or they can repeat as part of a loop, but they do not have individual feedback paths.
Fdbk (Feedback) Level controls the repeating function of the Loop Tap. A setting of 0% means there will only be a single delay, while a setting of 100% means the signal keeps repeating without ever stopping.
Both types of taps are individually adjustable from 0 to 2.55 seconds. The Loop Crs and Tapn Crs (n being the number of the tap) parameters set the coarse value of the loop in 20‐ms increments, while the Loop Fine and Tapn Fine parameters set the fine value in 0.2‐ms increments.
In Delay effects that use tempo to determine tap lengths, there is a Tempo parameter which can be set from 1 to 255 BPM or to “System”. The Loop Length and Tapn Delays are then expressed in beats relative to that overall Tempo.
Hold is a switch that, when turned on, “locks” any signal currently in the delay and plays it until Hold is turned off. When Hold is on, no signal can enter the delay and Feedback is set to 100%. A good parameter to control with a footswitch.
Dry Bal (Balance) is the left/right balance of the dry signal. At ‐100%, only the left dry signal goes to the left output, while at 100% only the right dry signal passes to the right output, and at 0%, equal amounts of the left and right dry signals pass to their respective outputs.
Tapn Level is the level of each numbered tap, from 0% to 100%, relative to the overall output of the effect.
Tapn Bal is the left/right balance of each of the numbered taps. At ‐100%, only the left channel of tap n goes to the left output, while at 100% only the right channel of tap n goes to the right output. At 0%, equal amounts of the left and right channels of the tap pass to their respective outputs. In some delays, pairs of taps (1 and 5, 2 and 6, etc.) are controlled together as stereo pairs.
DelayScale lets you change the lengths of all the taps together. Its range is 0 to 10x.
Note: It is possible for the PC3 to run out of delay memory with over‐generous settings of DelayScale or very slow Tempos. Some Delay effects will simply go to a maximum value and stay there, while in some, a calculation is made that automatically cuts the delay times in half, thereby maintaining a relationship with tempo.
Complex Echo
This effect has two feedback taps per channel as well as three independent taps, and also a feedback diffuser for “smearing” the delays. Feedback line 1 feeds the signal back to the delay input of the same channel, while feedback line 2 feeds the signal back to the opposite channel.
FB2/FB1>FB is a balance control between feedback lines 1 and 2. 0% (minimum) turns off feedback line 2, only allowing use of feedback line 1. 50% is an even mix of both lines, and 100% (maximum) turns off line 1.
L Diff Dly and R Diff Dly adjusts the delay lengths of the diffusers. Range is 0 to 100 ms.
Diff Amt adjusts the diffuser intensity. Range is 0 to 100%.
C Fdbk n Dly adjusts the delay length of the C channel’s nth feedback tap, fed back to the C channel’s delay input. Range is 0 to 2600 ms.
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Effects Parameters
Spectral Multitap Delays
These 4‐ and 6‐tap delays have their feedback and output taps modified with shapers and filters. In the feedback path of each tap are a diffuser, hipass filter, lopass filter, and imager. Each delay tap has a shaper, comb filter, and balance and level controls.
Fdbk Image sets the amount that the stereo image is shifted each time it passes through the feedback line. Range is ‐100 to 100%.
Tap n Shapr adjusts the intensity of the shaper at each output tap. Range is 0.10 to 6.00 x.
Tap n Pitch adjusts the frequency of the comb filter at each output tap. Range is C‐1 to C8, in semitones.
Tap n PtAmt adjusts the intensity of the comb filter at each output tap. Range is 0 to 100%.
Gated Ducking Delay
This runs the last thing you played through a looping delay, but only outputs the delay signal when you arenʹt playing. Gated Ducking Delay is great for that announcer sound, sound, sound, so popular in Monster Truck radio spots. DegenRegen
This one’s a big looping delay with lots of gain, distortion and filtering, and with a compressor to keep it all under control.
Equalizers (EQ)
The PC3 has both Graphic and Parametric EQ effects. Parametric EQ sections are also found on a number of combination effects.
The Graphic equalizer is available as stereo (linked parameters for left and right) or dual mono (independent controls for left and right). It has 10 bandpass filters per channel, each of whose gain is adjustable from ‐12 dB to +24 dB.
Like all graphic equalizers, the filter response is not perfectly flat when all gains are set to the same level (except at 0 dB), but rather has ripple from band to band. To minimize this ripple, it is best to center the overall settings around 0 dB.
The Parametric equalizer (“5‐Band EQ”) has two bands of shelving filters and three bands of true parametric EQ.
Treb Freq and Bass Freq set the center frequencies for the shelving filters. Both of these are adjustable over the full range of 16 to 25088 Hz, in increments of a semitone.
Treb Gain and Bass Gain control the amount of cut or boost above (Treb) or below (Bass) the center frequency. The range is ‐79 to +24 dB.
Midn Gain sets the cut or boost for the parametric band n, with a range of ‐79 to +24 dB.
Midn Freq sets the center frequency for parametric band n, with a range of 16 to 25088 Hz, in increments of a semitone.
Midn Width set the bandwidth of the filter on band n, with a range of 0.01 to 5 octaves.
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Effects Parameters
Enhancers
Enhancers modify the spectral content of the input signal by boosting existing spectral content, or stimulating new ones. Two and three‐band versions are provided.
Drive adjusts the input into each band. Increasing the drive will increase the effects. Range is ‐79.0 to 24.0 dB.
Xfer adjusts the intensity of the transfer curves. Range is ‐100 to 100%.
EQ Morpher
This effect uses two four‐band bandpass filters, A and B, and moves between them. This can produce very convincing human vocal type sounds.
FreqScale offsets the filter frequencies for each set of filters. After setting the filter parameters (Freq, Gain, and Width), the FreqScale parameters will move each of the four filter frequencies together by the same relative pitch. Range is ‐8600 to 8600 cents.
Morph A>B. When set to 0% the “A” parameters are controlling the filters, and when set to 100%, the “B” parameters control the filters. Between 0 and 100%, the filters are at interpolated positions. When morphing from A to B settings, the A filter #1 will change to the B filter #1, A filter #2 moves to B filter #2, and so on. Range is 0 to 100%.
Compressors, Expanders, and Gates
A wide range of Compression and Expansion effects is available in the PC3. The various effects include different combinations of:
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compressors with soft‐knee characteristic—the compression action comes in gradually as the signal level approaches the threshold
compressors with hard‐knee characteristic—the compression action comes in abruptly when the signal reaches the threshold
expanders
multiband compressors that break the signal up into three frequency bands and compress them all separately
sidechains or output EQs
reverbs and compressors in combination
gates
gated reverbs
All of the Compression effects use these parameters:
FdbkComprs (Feedback Compression) selects whether to use feed‐forward (set this to “Out”) or feed‐back (set this to “In”) compression. The feed‐forward configuration uses the input signal as a side‐chain source, which is useful when the compressor has to act really quickly. The feed‐back configuration uses the compressor output as the side‐chain source, which lends itself to more subtle, but not as quick‐reacting, compression.
Atk (Attack) Time for the compressor is adjustable from 0.0 to 228.0 ms.
Rel (Release) Time for the compressor is adjustable from 0 to 3000 ms.
SmoothTime smooths the output of the expander’s envelope detector by putting a lowpass filter in the control signal path. Smoothing will affect the Attack or Release times only when this parameter is longer than one of the other times. The range is 0.0 to 228.0 ms.
Signal Dly (Delay) puts a small delay in the signal relative to the sidechain processing, so that the compressor (or gate) “knows” what the input signal is going to be before it has to act on it. 9-16
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Effects Parameters
This means the compression can kick in before an attack transient arrives. In the SoftKneeCompress and HardKneeCompress effects, delay is really only useful in feed‐forward configuration (FdbkComprs is “Out”). For other compressors, the delay can be useful in feedback configuration (FdbkComprs is “In”). The range is 0 to 25 ms.
Ratio is the amount of gain reduction imposed on the compressed signal, adjustable from 1.0:1 (no reduction) to 100:1, and Inf:1.
Threshold is the level in dBFS (decibels relative to full scale) above which the signal begins to be compressed. Adjustable from ‐79.0 to 0 dB.
MakeUpGain allows additional output gain to compensate for gain reduction in the compressor. It is essentially the same parameter as Out Gain, with which it is summed. The minimum is ‐79.0, and the maximum summed gain (MakeUpGain + Out Gain) is +24.0 dB.
Expansion
Effects containing Expanders have these controls:
Atk or Exp Atk (Attack), how fast the expander turns off when the input signal rises above the threshold level, adjustable from 0.0 to 228.0 ms.
Rel or Exp Rel (Release), how fast the expander turns back on after the signal drops below the threshold level, adjustable from 0 to 3000 ms.
Ratio or Exp Ratio, how much the gain is reduced below the expansion threshold, adjustable from 1:1.0 (no expansion) to 1:17 (extreme downward expansion).
Threshold or Exp Threshold, the level below which the signal is expanded, adjustable from ‐79.0 to 0 dB.
In addition, the two‐segment compressors with expander have separate Ratio and Threshold controls for each of the compression segments.
Multiband Compression
The Multiband Compression effect has Attack, Release, Smooth, Signal Delay, Ratio, Threshold, and MakeUp Gain parameters for each of the three bands (“Low”, “Mid”, and “High”). In addition, it has:
Crossover1 and Crossover2. These set the frequencies which divide the three compression frequency bands. The two parameters are interchangeable, so either may contain the higher frequency value. The range is 16 to 25088 Hz, in increments of a semitone.
Gates
SC Input lets you select which input channel(s) will control the sidechain, which is responsible for opening and closing the gate. It can be set to L, R, or the average of the two channels, (L+R)/2. You can use this, if you arrange the signal paths and pan controls appropriately, to gate one mono signal with a different mono signal. Gate Time is the time that the gate will stay open after the sidechain signal reaches the Threshold. Its range is 0 to 3000ms.
Ducking reverses the action of the gate. Normally this if set to “Off”, and the gate opens when the input signal rises above the threshold. But when this is “On”, the gate closes when the input signal rises above the threshold.
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Effects Parameters
Atk Time (attack time) is the time for the gate to ramp from closed to open (reverse if Ducking is on) after the signal rises above threshold, adjustable from 0.0 to 228.0 ms.
Rel Time (release time) is the time for the gate to ramp from open to closed (reverse if Ducking is on) after the gate timer has elapsed, adjustable from 0 to 3000 ms.
Super Gate
Super Gate is a more sophisticated gate that includes these two functions:
Env Time is the amount of time it takes for the sidechain signal envelope to drop below the threshold. If this time is too short, the gate can close and open too quickly from amplitude modulation in the sidechain signal. If it is too long, the gate may stay closed until the envelope has a chance to fall, and some signals would not get through. This parameter is only in effect when Retrigger is Off.
Retrigger determines whether the gate timer will reset itself each time the sidechain signal goes above the threshold. If it is “On”, the timer resets itself, and therefore the gate stays open as long as the signal is above the threshold, or keeps going above the threshold, within the interval specified by Gate Time. If it is “Off”, the gate closes down after Env Time has elapsed, regardless off the sidechain level, and the sidechain level must fall below the threshold and come back up again before the gate will open again.
Chorus
Chorus is an effect which gives the illusion of multiple voices playing in unison. The effect is achieved by detuning copies of the original signal and summing the detuned copies back with the original. Low frequency oscillators (LFOs) are used to modulate the positions of output taps from a delay line. The movement of the taps causes the pitch of the signal to shift up and down, producing the required detuning.
The choruses are available as stereo or dual mono. The stereo choruses have the parameters for the left and right channels ganged, while the dual mono choruses have separate left and right controls.
Fdbk Level is the level of the feedback signal from the LFO1 delay tap into the delay line. Negative values polarity‐invert the feedback signal. Tap Lvl sets the levels of the LFO‐modulated delay taps. Negative values polarity‐invert the signal. Setting any tap level to 0% turns it off.
Tap Pan sets the stereo position for a given tap’s output. The range is ‐100% for fully left, to 100% for fully right.
LFO Rate sets the speed of modulation of the delay lines with a range of 0.01 to 10 Hz.
LFO Dpth sets the maximum detuning depth of the LFO‐modulated delay lines, with a range from 0 to 50 cents (= 1/2 semitone).
Tap Dly adds extra delay in front of the LFO modulated delay taps from 0 to 230 ms.
L/R Phase or LFOn LRPhs adjusts the relative phases of the LFOs for the left and right channels in the stereo Choruses.
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Effects Parameters
Flanger
Flanging is the process of adding or subtracting a signal with a time‐displaced replica of itself, which results in a series of notches in the frequency spectrum, generally referred to as a comb filter. In the PC3, the flanger is a multi‐tap delay line, all (but one) of whose taps can have their lengths modulated up and down by a low frequency oscillator (LFO). The rate of the LFO is expressed in Tempo.
StatDlyLvl (Static Delay Level) is the level of the first, non‐moving tap. Negative values invert the polarity of the tap. The range is ‐100 to 100%; 0% turns the tap off.
DlyCrs and DlyFin are the coarse and fine length controls for the Static delay (StatDly…) and for the minimum value of the moving delays (Dlyn…). The coarse range is 0 to 228 ms, and the fine range adjusts the coarse range in samples (= 1/48,000 sec = 20.8μsec) from ‐127 to 127.
Xcurs Crs and Xcurs Fin determine how far the LFO‐modulated delay taps can move from the center of their ranges. The total range of the LFO sweep is twice the excursion. If the excursion is set to 0, the LFO does not move and the tap behaves like a simple delay line set to the minimum delay. The coarse range is 0 to 228 ms; the range 0 to 5 ms is most effective for flanging. The fine range adjusts the coarse range in samples from ‐127 to 127.
Quantize
This effect produces digital distortion known as quantization noise, by limiting the number of bits available to the signal. See effect 329 “Aliaser”.
DynamRange (dynamic range) controls how many bits to remove from the signal data words. The lower the level, the greater the distortion. At 0 dB the hottest of signals will toggle between only two quantization levels, thereby producing a square wave. Every 6 dB added doubles the number of quantization levels, reducing the noise and getting closer to the original signal. If the signal has a lot of headroom (available signal level before digital clipping), then not all quantization levels will be reached. Range is 0 to 144 dB.
Headroom sets the available signal level before digital clipping. Setting this properly prevents the signal from getting too loud at low levels of DynamRange. You want to have it match the amount of level still available above the input signal: this is done by finding the DynamRange level at which the signal starts getting louder, and setting Headroom to match the DynamRange value. Range is 0 to 144 dB.
DC Offset adds a positive DC Offset to the input signal, which allows you to alter the position where digital zero is with respect to your signal. At low DynamRange settings, this can cause the output to “sputter”. Range is Off/‐79.0 to 0.0 dB.
LaserVerb
LaserVerb is a type of reverb which produces a delayed train of closely spaced reflections, or impulses. As time passes, the spacing between the impulses gets wider, which creates a discernible buzzy pitch that gets lower as the spacing increases. The signal can be fed back into itself to extend the effect.
Dly Coarse is the overall delay length, which controls the duration or decay time. 0.5 sec is a good starting point. Range is 0 to 1.3 seconds in the 2 DSP unit version of the effect, and 0 to 2 seconds in the 3 DSP unit version.
Dly Fine adjusts the delay with a resolution down to 0.2 ms. Range is ‐20.0 to 20.0 ms.
Spacing determines the starting pitch of the descending buzz and how fast it descends, by setting the initial separation of impulses and the subsequent rate of increasing impulse 9-19
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Effects Parameters
separation. The spacing between impulses is given in samples (20.8μs). At low values, the buzz starts at high frequencies and drops slowly, while at high values the buzz starts at a lower pitch and drops rapidly. Range is 0.0 to 40.0 samples, with a resolution of 0.2 sample.
Contour controls the overall shape of the reverb. When set to a high value, sounds passed through the reverb start at a high level, and it slowly decays. As the control value is reduced, it takes more time for the effect to build up before decaying. At a value of around 34%, the reverb behaves like a reverse reverb, building up to a hit. When it is set to zero, the effect acts like a simple delay. Range is 0 to 100%.
Filters
There are four types of Resonant Filter effects in the PC3. All of them have these parameters in common:
Filter Type (or FiltType) can be Lowpass, Highpass, Bandpass, or Notch (band‐cut).
Resonance is the resonance of the filter, adjustable from 0 to 50 dB.
Resonant Filter
Frequency (or Freq) is the fixed resonant frequency of the filter. Its range is 16 to 8372 Hz.
Envelope Filter
Envelope Filter is a resonant filter whose center frequency can be made to vary according to the level of the incoming signal.
Filter Type can be Lowpass, Highpass, Bandpass, or Notch (band‐cut).
Min Freq is the minimum resonant frequency of the filter, that is, the filter frequency when the input gain is below the triggering threshold. Its range is 16 to 8372 Hz.
Sweep determines how far the resonant frequency moves when the input level increases. At positive levels it moves up in pitch, and at negative levels it moves down. The highest possible resonant frequency is 8372 Hz, the lowest is 0 Hz. This parameter’s range is ‐100% to +100%.
Resonance is the resonance of the filter, adjustable from 0 to 50 dB.
Atk Rate adjusts the upward slew of the attack portion of the envelope detector. Range is 0 to 300.0 dB/sec.
Rel Rate adjusts the downward slew of the release portion. Range is 0 to 300.0 dB/sec.
Smooth Rate slows down the envelope follower. If it is set to a lower rate than Atk Rate or Rel Rate, it can dominate those parameters. Range is 0 to 300.0 dB/sec.
Triggered Filter
The Triggered Filter is a sweeping resonant filter that triggers when a certain input threshold is reached, and then follows its own envelope, consisting of an instantaneous attack and an exponential release, rather than the envelope of the input signal.
Max Freq is the resonant frequency of the filter at the peak of the internal envelope. It can be set lower than Min Freq (above), in which case the filter will sweep downwards, then back up. Range is 16 to 8372 Hz.
Trigger is the input‐signal threshold at which the envelope detector triggers. Range is ‐79 to 0 dB.
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Retrigger is the input‐signal threshold at which the envelope detector resets, so that it can trigger again. This parameter is only useful when it is set below the value of Trigger. Range is from ‐79 to 0 dB.
Env Rate is the envelope detector decay rate. This can be used to prevent false triggering. When the signal envelope falls below the retrigger level, the filter can be triggered again when the signal rises above the trigger level. Since the input signal can fluctuate rapidly, it is necessary to adjust the rate at which the signal envelope can fall to the retrigger level. The range is 0 to 300.0 dB/sec.
Rel Rate is the downward slew (release) rate of the triggered envelope generator. The range is 0 to 300.0 dB/sec.
Smth Rate slows down the envelope follower. If set lower than the release rate, it will dominate it. You can also use the smoothing rate to lengthen the attack of the internal envelope. The range is 0 to 300.0 dB/sec.
LFO Filter
The LFO filter is continuously swept between two resonant frequencies over a period of time. The LFO frequency, expressed in BPM and beats, can be fixed or set to follow System tempo.
Min Freq and Max Freq are the low and high limits of the resonant frequency as the filter is swept. You can set the Min Freq higher than the Max Freq, in which case the filter will sweep “upside down” relative to the controlling clock. The range for both is 16 to 8372 Hz.
LFO Shape is the waveform type for the LFO. Choices are Sine, Saw+, Saw‐, Pulse, and Tri.
LFO PlsWid (Pulse Width). When the LFO Shape is set to Pulse, this sets the pulse width as a percentage of the waveform period. When the width is set to 50%, the result is a square wave. This parameter has no effect if other waveform types are chosen. Range is 0 to 100%.
LFO Smooth smooths (removes the higher harmonics from) the Saw+, Saw‐, and Pulse waveforms. A Sawtooth wave becomes more like a triangle wave, and a Pulse wave becomes more like a sine wave. Range is 0 to 100%.
Distortion
Distortion effects on the PC3 may also include a parametric equalizer or a cabinet simulator.
Dist Drive applies a boost to the input signal to overdrive the distortion effect into soft clipping. This will tend to make the signal very loud, so you may have to reduce the Out Gain as this parameter is increased. Range is 0 to 96 dB.
Warmth is a lowpass filter in the distortion control path. This filter may be used to reduce some of the harshness of some distortion settings without reducing the bandwidth of the signal. Range is 16 to 25088 Hz.
Highpass allows you to reduce the bass content of the distortion content in the smaller distortion effects that don’t have true parametric EQ. Range is 16 to 25088 Hz.
Cab Preset selects from eight cabinet simulations which have been created based on measurements of real guitar amplifier cabinets. The presets are: Basic, Lead 12, 2x12, Open 12, Open 10, 4x12, Hot 2x12, and Hot 12.
Cab Bypass switches on and off the cabinet‐simulation part of the effect. When this is set to “In”, the cabinet simulation is active; when it is “Out”, there is no cabinet action. Cabinet HP and Cabinet LP are highpass and lowpass filters to set the frequency response limits of the cabinets. Range of both filters is 16 to 25088 Hz.
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Effects Parameters
Polydistort
This is a more complex distortion effect that provides two, four, or six stages of distortion.
Curve n controls the curvature of the individual distortion stages. 0% is no curvature (no distortion at all). At 100%, the curve bends over smoothly and becomes perfectly flat right before it goes into clipping. Maximum value is 127%.
LP n Freq are shelving frequencies for one‐pole lowpass filters on each of the distortion stages. LP0 Freq handles the initial low pass prior to the first distortion stage. The other low pass controls follow their respective distortion stages. Range is 16 to 25088 Hz.
Rotating Speakers
An effect that includes Rotating Speakers breaks the signal into two frequency bands, “rotates” each band separately through a virtual speaker, and then combines the outputs with a pair of virtual “microphones” whose angle relative to the speakers is adjustable. A number of very sophisticated parameters have been included in the Rotating Speakers effect, to give the effect a great degree of realism. Because of the complexity of the effects, you might want to approach any parameters that seem a little obscure to you with caution.
Roto InOut engages or bypasses the rotary speaker effect.
There are four virtual microphones, with two each on the woofer (LoMic A and LoMic B) and on the tweeter (HiMic A and HiMic B). Each microphone has:
Pos (position), the angle of the microphone from the front of the virtual speaker, from ‐180 to 180 degrees;
Lvl (level) from 0 to 100%; and
Pan, the left/right panning of the microphone’s output, from ‐100% (full left) to 100% (full right).
Other parameters:
Lo Beam W and Hi Beam W set the acoustic radiation patterns (“beam width”) of the two drivers in the rotating speaker. If you imagine looking down on the rotating speaker, this is the angle between the ‐6 dB levels of the beam. The range is from 45° to 360°. At 360°, the driver is omnidirectional.
Xover (Crossover) is the frequency at which high and low frequency bands are split and sent to separate rotating drivers. The range is 16 to 25088 Hz.
Lo Gain and Hi Gain are the gains of the signal passing through the rotating woofer or tweeter, respectively. The range is Off/‐79.0 to 24.0 dB.
Lo Size and Hi Size are the effective sizes (radius of rotation) of the rotating speakers in millimeters. This affects the amount of Doppler shift or vibrato of the low frequency signal. The range is 0 to 250 mm.
Lo Trem and Hi Trem control the depth of tremolo (amplitude modulation) of the signals. It is expressed as a percentage of full scale tremolo. The range is 0 to 100%.
LoResonate and HiResonate are simulations of cabinet resonant modes expressed as a percentage. For realism, you should use very low settings. The range is 0 to 100%.
Lo Res Dly and Hi Res Dly are the number of samples of delay in each resonator circuit in addition to the rotation excursion delay. The range is 10 to 2550 samples.
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Effects Parameters
LoResXcurs and HiResXcurs are the number of samples of delay to sweep through the resonator at the rotation rate of each rotating speaker. The range is 0 to 510 samples.
ResH/LPhs sets the relative phases of the high and low resonators. The angle value in degrees is somewhat arbitrary and you can expect the effect of this parameter to be rather subtle. The range is 0 to 360.0 degrees.
Mic Angle is the angle of the virtual microphones in degrees from the “front” of the rotating speaker. For the left microphone the angle increases clockwise (when viewed from the top), while for the right microphone the angle increases counter‐clockwise. Assigning a MOD to this parameter should be done with caution: real‐time adjustments to it will result in large sample skips, which will cause clicks in the signal passing through. The range is 0 to 360.0 degrees. (In Distort + Rotary only.)
The following parameters relate to rotation speed:
Speed sets the rotating speakers to run at either the slow rate or the fast rate.
Brake, when set to ʺOnʺ, slows the rotating speakers to a halt.
Lo Mode, in the ʺNormalʺ setting, will give you full control of the low frequency speaker with the Speed parameter. The ʺNoAccelʺ setting will hold the low frequency speaker at the slow speed, and the Speed parameter will have no effect on its speed, though Brake will still work. In the ʺStoppedʺ position, the low frequency speaker will not spin at all.
Lo Slow and Hi Slow are the rotation rates in hertz (Hz) of the speakers when Speed is set to ʺSlowʺ.
Lo Fast and Hi Fast are the rotation rate in hertz (Hz) of the speakers when Speed is set to ʺFastʺ.
LoSlow>Fst and HiSlow>Fst are the times for the speakers to accelerate from the slow speed to the fast speed.
LoFst>Slow and HiFst>Slow are the times for the speaker to decelerate from the fast speed to the slow speed.
LoAccelCrv and HiAccelCrv are the shapes of the acceleration curves for the speakers. 0% is a constant acceleration. Positive values cause the speaker to speed up slowly at first then quickly reach the fast rate. Negative values cause a quick initial speed‐up then slowly settle in to the fast speed. If set to a low negative value, it will overshoot.
LoSpinDir and HiSpinDir are the directions of rotation of the speakers. The choice is clockwise (CW) or counter‐clockwise (CCW).
Vibrato/Chorus
The Vibrato/Chorus effect simulates the vibrato and chorus effects on a tone wheel organ, and is used in conjunction with the Rotary Speaker. It has several unique parameters:
VibChInOut is an in/out switch for the Vibrato/Chorus effect.
Vib/Chor is the type of Vibrato/Chorus effect to be used. The choices are from three vibratos, “V1”, “V2”, “V3”, or three choruses, “C1”, “C2”, “C3”.
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Effects Parameters
Tremolo and AutoPan
Tremolo is amplitude modulation using an LFO. AutoPan moves the signal between the left and right channels, using an LFO. They have several parameters in common and several unique ones.
LFO Rate is the rate of the LFO. The range is 0 to 10.00 Hz, or 0 to 12.00 x the tempo.
Rate Scale multiplies the speed of the LFO rate into the audio range. The range is 1 to 25088 x. When above 16x, the values increment in semitone steps. When the LFO Rate is set to 1.00 Hz, the value of this parameter is equal to the LFO frequency in Hertz.
LFO Shape is the waveform type for the LFO. Choices are Sine, Saw+, Saw‐, Pulse, and Tri.
LFO PlsWid or Pulse Width. When the LFO Shape is set to Pulse, this sets the pulse width as a percentage of the waveform period. When the width is set to 50%, the result is a square wave. This parameter has no effect if other waveform types are chosen. Range is 0 to 100%.
AutoPan
Origin determines the axis for the panning motion. At 0%, the panning is centered between the speakers. Positive values shift the axis to the right, while negative values shift it to the left. At
‐100% or +100% (the range limits), there is no panning action.
ImageWidth is the width of the original input program material before it is auto‐panned. At 0% (minimum), the input image is shrunk to a single point source, allowing maximum panning excursion. At 100% (maximum), the original width is maintained so no panning can occur.
Pan Width controls the amount of pan excursion. It is the percentage of total panning motion available after Origin and ImageWidth are set. Range is 0 to 100%.
CentrAtten (Attenuation) is the amount the signal level drops as it is panned through the center of the stereo image. For the smoothest tracking, a widely accepted subjective reference is ‐3dB. Values above ‐3dB will cause somewhat of a bump in level as an image passes through the center, while values below ‐3dB will cause a dip. Range is ‐12 to 0 dB.
Tremolo
Depth controls the amount of attenuation applied when the LFO is at its deepest excursion point. Range is 0 to 100%.
LFO Phase shifts the phase of the tremolo LFO relative to the beat reference. Range is 0.0 to 360.0 degrees.
50% Weight is the relative amount of attenuation added when the LFO is at the ‐6dB point. This causes the LFO shape to bow up (positive values) or down (negative values). Range is ‐16 to 3 dB.
L/R Phase sets the phase relationship of the channels. “In” flips the left channel’s LFO out of phase, with the result that the effect turns into an auto‐balancer. “Out” leaves the left LFO alone.
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Effects Parameters
Pitcher
Pitcher applies a filter to the input signal which has a series of peaks in the frequency response. These peaks are normally adjusted so that their frequencies are all multiples of a specific, selectable frequency, which imposes a strong sense of pitch at the selected fundamental frequency.
Pitch. The fundamental pitch imposed upon the input, in MIDI note numbers from C‐1 to G9.
Ptch Offst is an offset from the pitch frequency in semitones, from ‐12.0 to 12.0. It can be useful to assign pitch bend, a ribbon, or another continuous controller to this parameter through a MOD.
Odd Wts, Pair Wts, Quartr Wts, Half Wts are parameters that control the shape of the frequency response of Pitcher. An exact description of what each one does is, unfortunately, impossible, since there is a great deal of interaction between them. For more information and examples, see the KSP8 Algorithm Reference Guide available as a free download at www.kurzweil.com.
Ring Modulation
Ring modulation multiplies two signals (the “carrier” and the “modulator”) together to produce unusual, often non‐harmonic, overtones. The Ring Modulator effect in the PC3 has two modes: “L*R” in which two mono signals are modulated together; and “Osc”, in which the input is stereo, and it is modulated with the sum of five waveforms that are generated from oscillators within the effect itself. Four of these oscillators are sine waves, while one (Oscillator 1) offers a selection of waveforms.
Wet/Dry. When the effect is in “L*R” mode, this controls how much of the left signal only is passed dry (the right signal isn’t passed dry at all).
Mod Mode selects between the two modes.
Osc1 Lvl is the level of Oscillator 1, from 0 to 100%.
Osc1 Freq is the frequency of Oscillator 1, from 16 to 25088 Hz.
Osc1 Shape is the waveshape of Oscillator 1, selectable from Sine, Saw+, Saw‐, Pulse, and Tri.
Osc1PlsWid (Pulse Width). When Osc1 Shape is set to Pulse, this sets the pulse width as a percentage of the waveform period. When the width is set to 50%, the result is a square wave. This parameter has no effect if other waveform types are chosen. Range is 0 to 100%.
Osc1Smooth smooths (removes the higher harmonics from) the Saw+, Saw‐, and Pulse waveforms. A Sawtooth wave becomes more like a triangle wave, and a Pulse wave becomes more like a sine wave. Range is 0 to 100%.
The other four oscillators, Sine2 through Sine5, each have Lvl and Freq controls.
Stereo Simulation
The Mono to Stereo effect converts a monaural input to simulated stereo output.
In Select selects the input signal to be “stereo‐ized”. It can be Left, Right, or both: (L+R)/2.
CenterGain is the level of the summed left and right channels. Range is Off/‐79.0 to 24.0 dB.
Diff Gain is the level of the difference signal produced, which is the spatial component of the stereo signal. Range is Off/‐79.0 to 24.0 dB.
9-25
Effects and Effect Mode
Effects Parameters
DiffBassG controls the gain of a bass‐shelf filter on the difference signal. By boosting the low frequency components of the difference signal, you can increase the sense of acoustic envelopment. Range is ‐79.0 to 24.0 dB.
DiffBassF is the transition frequency for the bass‐shelf frequency. Range is 16 to 25088 Hz.
The processed signal is split into three frequency bands—Lo, Mid, and High—each of which can be delayed and panned separately.
Crossover1 and 2 are the two Crossover frequencies at which the band‐split filters split the signal into three bands. The two parameters are interchangeable: either may have a higher frequency than the other. Range is 16 to 25088 Hz.
Pan [High/Mid/Low] sets the pan position for each band. Range is ‐100% (fully left) to 100% (fully right.)
Delay [High/Mid/Low] sets the delay for each band. Range is 0 to 1000 ms.
Stereo Image
This effect provides enhancement for a stereo signal. It also features a stereo correlation meter. It uses some parameters from Mono to Stereo and some from Stereo Analyze (following).
9-26
MIDI Mode
The TRANSMIT Page
Chapter 10
MIDI Mode
The PC3 sends and receives MIDI on traditional 5‐pin DIN connectors and through USB. MIDI can be sent and received on all ports at once.
Press the MIDI mode button to enter MIDI mode. There are three pages in MIDI mode:
•
TRANSMIT (XMIT soft button)
•
RECEIVE (RECV soft button)
•
CHANNELS (CHANLS soft button)
You’ll use these pages to determine what MIDI messages the PC3 transmits, and how it responds to the MIDI messages it receives—as well as how each MIDI channel behaves.
When you enter MIDI mode, you’ll see one of the three available MIDI mode pages.
The TRANSMIT Page
Press the XMIT soft button, and the TRANSMIT page appears. Use the parameters on this page to control how the PC3 sends MIDI information to its USB or MIDI Out port. These settings to some extent affect the PC3’s response to its own keyboard and controllers, but they primarily affect the responses of other MIDI devices that are receiving MIDI from the PC3 on the channel specified with the Channel parameter on this page.
When a program is selected, either in Program mode or in Quick Access mode, all of the settings of the TRANSMIT page are in effect, except for ChgSetups, which only applies when loading a setup. If a setup is selected, in Setup mode or in Quick Access mode, all of the settings of the TRANSMIT page are in effect except for ControlSetup, Channel, and ProgChang (see below for details.)
When sending MIDI to the USB or MIDI out port from Song mode, Song mode ignores all of the settings on the Transmit page except ControlSetup (see below for details.)
10-1
MIDI Mode
The TRANSMIT Page
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Control Setup
Setup List
126 Internal Voices
Destination
USB_MIDI, MIDI, Local
USB_MIDI+MIDI+Local
Channel
1 to 16
1
Transposition
± 60 semitones
0
Velocity Map
Velocity Map List
1 Linear
Pressure Map
Pressure Map List
1 Linear
Program Change
Off, On
On
Change Setups
Immediate, KeyUp
Immediate
Control Setup
This is where you select the current control setup, Zone 1 of which sets the physical controller assignments for all programs while you’re in Program mode. This parameter does not apply to Setup mode. Refer to Control Setup on page 6‐9 for more information on the control setup.
Destination
The Destination parameter tells the PC3 which ports will carry MIDI information, and determines if the PC3’s sound engine will receive MIDI data. Select the desired destination or any combination of destinations depending on your needs. For example, a value of Local disables the USB and MIDI Out ports. Use this setting when you want to play the PC3, but not to send any MIDI information to other MIDI instruments (local control only.) Alternatively, you would set this parameter to MIDI or USB_MIDI if you only wanted to send MIDI data to other MIDI instruments from the MIDI port or USB port, and no MIDI data would be sent locally to the PC3’s sound engine. A value of MIDI+Local would send MIDI data only to the MIDI out port and the PC3’s sound engine. For Setup mode, this parameter acts as a final filter for which ports will send MIDI information. For example, if this parameter is set to MIDI_USB+MIDI, and a setup zone has its Destination parameter set to MIDI+Local on the SetupMode:CH/PRG page, MIDI data will be sent only through the traditional MIDI port. Both parameters, MIDI Xmit Destination and the setup Destination parameter in the SetupMode:CH/PRG page act as filters and both are active in Setup mode.
Note: This parameter has no effect on Song mode. In Song mode each track’s destination ignores this parameter.
Channel
This defines which MIDI channel the PC3 uses to transmit MIDI messages when not using a setup or Song mode (each zone determines this in a setup, each track determines this in a song.) The value for this parameter matches the current MIDI channel displayed on the top line of the Program mode page. If you change the current MIDI channel while in Program mode, the setting of this parameter changes accordingly, and vice versa. Transpose
This parameter affects the transposition that’s applied to the MIDI data stream. Adjusting this parameter transposes the PC3’s notes, as well as notes on slaves receiving from the PC3. This transposition setting mirrors transposition settings from the Program and Setup main pages. It’s value is added to transposition settings made elsewhere. This parameter has no effect on MIDI data sent from Song mode.
10-2
MIDI Mode
The TRANSMIT Page
Velocity Map (Transmit)
Change the MIDI Transmit Velocity Map setting if you are triggering external MIDI gear which is producing notes that are too loud or too quiet based on your playing style (how light or heavy that you play the keys.) The default map provides the widest range of velocity expression, but you may want to choose a different map if the default does not suit your playing style. MIDI Sources
MIDI In via MIDI In port or USB Computer port
PC3 Keyboard
VelocityMap Settings on MIDI Mode Receive Page
KEY‐VEL page for current Control Setup (in Program Mode) or current Zone (in Setup Mode)
Velocity Map Settings on Master Mode MAPS Page
PC3 Song Mode
VelocityMap Settings on MIDI Mode Transmit Page
MIDI Destinations
PC3 Sound Engine to PC3 audio outputs MIDI Out via MIDI Out port or USB Computer port
The transmit Velocity Map affects the way the PC3 sends MIDI velocity values to its USB or MIDI Out port (see the circled box above for its location in the MIDI signal flow.) Different maps output different MIDI velocity values for the same received MIDI attack velocity. Each map applies a different curve to received MIDI attack velocities and remaps them to new velocities before transmitting them to the USB or MIDI Out port (this parameter has no effect on MIDI data sent from Song mode or to the PC3’s sound engine.) The default map provides the widest range of velocity expression, but you may want to choose a different map if the default does not suit your playing style. See the diagram above for the other pages that affect the MIDI attack velocity before reaching the transmit Velmap.
The default map, Linear, allows MIDI velocities to pass unchanged. Maps Light 1‐3 make it increasingly easier to produce high MIDI velocity values for the same key strike velocity (with Light 3 being the easiest,) so these maps may work better for users who play with a lighter touch. Hard 1‐3 make it increasingly harder to produce high MIDI velocity values for the same key strike velocity (with Hard 3 being the hardest,) so these maps may work better for users who play with a harder touch. Piano Touch simulates the general velocity response of an acoustic piano, and is best suited for playing acoustic piano sounds. Easy Touch is similar to the Light settings, making high velocities easier to play, but it allows more sensitive control over playing high velocities by not boosting the MIDI velocity for fast strike velocities as much as it does for medium strike velocities. GM Receive mimics the velocity map commonly used by keyboards that use the General MIDI (GM) sound set. The GM Receive map makes medium strike velocities produce higher MIDI velocities compared to the Linear map. 10-3
MIDI Mode
The TRANSMIT Page
Pressure Map (Transmit)
Change the Transmit Pressure Map setting if you are triggering external MIDI gear which is producing MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values that are too high or too low based on your playing style (how soft or hard that you press the keys.) The default map provides the widest range of pressure expression, but you may want to choose a different map if the default does not suit your playing style. MIDI Sources
PC3 Keyboard
MIDI In via MIDI In port or USB Computer port
PressureMap Settings on MIDI Mode Receive Page
PRESS page for current Control Setup (in Program Mode) or current Zone (in Setup Mode)
Pressure Map Settings on Master Mode MAPS Page
PC3 Song Mode
PressureMap Settings on MIDI Mode Transmit Page
MIDI Destinations
PC3 Sound Engine to PC3 audio outputs MIDI Out via MIDI Out port or USB Computer port
The transmit Pressure Map affects the way the PC3 sends MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values to its USB or MIDI Out port (see the circled box above for its location in the MIDI signal flow.) Different maps output different MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values for the same received MIDI pressure (aftertouch) value. Each map applies a different curve to received MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values and remaps them to new values before transmitting them to the USB or MIDI Out port (this parameter has no effect on MIDI data sent from Song mode or to the PC3’s sound engine.) The default map provides the widest range of pressure (aftertouch) expression, but you may want to choose a different map if the default does not suit your playing style. See the diagram above for the other pages that affect MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values before reaching the transmit Pressure Map.
The default map, Linear, allows MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values to pass unchanged. Maps 2‐4 make it increasingly easier to produce MIDI pressure values for the same physical pressure applied to a key (with 4 “Easiest” being the easiest.) Maps 4‐7 make it increasingly harder to produce MIDI pressure values for the same physical pressure applied to a key (with 7 “Hardest” being the hardest.) Program Change (ProgChang)
When ProgChang is set to On, the PC3 sends program change commands to its USB or MIDI Out port when you select programs or setups from the front panel or from your MIDI controller. 10-4
MIDI Mode
The RECEIVE Page
Select a value of Off when you want to change programs on the PC3 but don’t want to send program change commands to the USB or MIDI Out port. This parameter doesn’t affect the type of program change command that’s sent; it just determines whether any command is sent at all. (The type of program change command is determined by the BankMode parameter on the CH/
PROG page in the Setup Editor of your control setup. See Control Setup on page 6‐9 for more details.) Note: The ProgChang parameter applies to all modes except Song mode and Setup mode (or when a setup is loaded from Quick Access mode.) Setups disregard the ProgChang setting and instead use the EntryProgChg parameter on the SetupMode:CH/PROG page (See The Channel/Program (CH/PROG) Page on page 7‐4.) Songs disregard this ProgChang setting and instead use the ProgChang parameter on the Song:Event Filter Playback page, accessed from the PLYFLT soft button in Song mode.
Change Setups (ChgSetups)
This parameter determines the exact timing of setup changes when you select a different setup—either by a normal data entry method or via MIDI program change commands. Choose KeyUp to indicate that you want setup changes to take place only when you’ve released all currently held notes. Choose Immediate to indicate that you want such changes to happen immediately when you select the setup.
The RECEIVE Page
Press RECV to select the RECEIVE page, where you define the PC3’s response to incoming MIDI signals (with one exception pertaining to Quick Access mode, which we’ll explain later).
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Basic Channel
1 to 16
1
MIDI Mode
Omni, Poly, Multi
Multi
All Notes Off
Normal, Ignore
Normal
Program Change Mode
Program Change Type List
Extended
Velocity Map
Velocity Map List
1 Linear
Pressure Map
Pressure Map List
1 Linear
System Exclusive ID
0 to 127
0
Bank Select
Ctl 0, Ctl 32, Ctl 0/32
Ctl 0/32
Local Keyboard Channel
None, 1 to 16
None
10-5
MIDI Mode
The RECEIVE Page
Basic Channel
The basic channel determines which channel will always be available to receive MIDI information. Depending on the MIDI receive mode (below), the Basic channel may be the only receiving channel, or one of several.
MIDI Receive Mode (MIDI Mode)
The MIDI Mode parameter determines the MIDI receiving capabilities of the PC3. When set to Omni, the PC3 responds to incoming MIDI events on all MIDI channels, and plays them on the current channel. This is normally used for diagnostic purposes only.
At a setting of Poly, the PC3 responds only to events that are sent on the same channel as the PC3’s current MIDI channel (the one displayed on the top line of the Program mode page). In Poly mode, the currently selected channel is always the basic channel, so if you change channels, the basic channel changes accordingly.
With a value of Multi (the default), the PC3 responds to events on all active channels. This is the mode you’ll use when you’re driving the PC3 with a sequencer, since you can play a different program on each channel. At this setting, you can turn individual channels on and off (on the CHANNELS page, described later in this chapter).
All Notes Off
If this parameter’s value is set to Normal, the PC3 responds to All Notes Off messages received over MIDI. Ignore causes these messages to be ignored. If you’re using a Roland product as a MIDI controller for your PC3, you’ll want to set the value of this parameter to Ignore. This is because some older Roland products occasionally send an All Notes Off message when no keys are held down—even if you’re sustaining notes with a pedal. You might find all your sustains missing from your sequence, for example, if you’re driving your PC3 from one of Roland’s hardware sequencers. Setting this parameter to Ignore takes care of this problem.
Regardless of the setting for this parameter, the PC3 always responds to its own Panic button by shutting off all active notes and controllers.
Program Change Mode (PrgChgMode)
This determines how the PC3 responds to program change commands received via MIDI. See Program Change Formats on page 10‐15 for an explanation of the various values available for this parameter.
10-6
MIDI Mode
The RECEIVE Page
Velocity Map (Receive)
Change the receive Velocity Map setting if you are triggering the PC3 with external MIDI gear which is producing notes that are too loud or too quiet. The default map provides the widest range of velocity expression, but you may want to choose a different map if the default does not suit your playing style. MIDI Sources
MIDI In via MIDI In port or USB Computer port
PC3 Keyboard
VelocityMap Settings on MIDI Mode Receive Page
KEY‐VEL page for current Control Setup (in Program Mode) or current Zone (in Setup Mode)
Velocity Map Settings on Master Mode MAPS Page
PC3 Song Mode
VelocityMap Settings on MIDI Mode Transmit Page
MIDI Destinations
PC3 Sound Engine to PC3 audio outputs MIDI Out via MIDI Out port or USB Computer port
The receive Velocity Map affects the way the PC3 receives MIDI velocity values from its USB or MIDI In port (see the circled box above for its location in the MIDI signal flow.) Different maps output different MIDI velocity values for the same received MIDI attack velocity. Each map applies a different curve to received MIDI attack velocities and remaps them to new velocities before letting them pass (this parameter has no effect on MIDI data sent from the PC3’s keyboard.) The default map provides the widest range of velocity expression, but you may want to choose a different map if the default does not suit your playing style. See the diagram above for the other pages that affect the MIDI attack velocity before reaching the receive Velocity Map.
The default map, Linear, allows MIDI velocities to pass unchanged. Maps Light 1‐3 make it increasingly easier to produce high MIDI velocity values for the same key strike velocity (with Light 3 being the easiest,) so these maps may work better for users who play with a lighter touch. Hard 1‐3 make it increasingly harder to produce high MIDI velocity values for the same key strike velocity (with Hard 3 being the hardest,) so these maps may work better for users who play with a harder touch. Piano Touch simulates the general velocity response of an acoustic piano, and is best suited for playing acoustic piano sounds. Easy Touch is similar to the Light settings, making high velocities easier to play, but it allows more sensitive control over playing high velocities by not boosting the MIDI velocity for fast strike velocities as much as it does for medium strike velocities. GM Receive mimics the velocity map commonly used by keyboards that use the General MIDI (GM) sound set. The GM Receive map makes medium strike velocities produce higher MIDI velocities compared to the Linear map. 10-7
MIDI Mode
The RECEIVE Page
Pressure Map (Receive)
Change the receive Pressure Map setting if you are triggering the PC3 with external MIDI gear which is producing MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values that are too high or too low based on your playing style (how soft or hard that you press the keys.) The default map provides the widest range of pressure (aftertouch) expression, but you may want to choose a different map if the default does not suit your playing style. MIDI Sources
PC3 Keyboard
MIDI In via MIDI In port or USB Computer port
PressureMap Settings on MIDI Mode Receive Page
PRESS page for current Control Setup (in Program Mode) or current Zone (in Setup Mode)
Pressure Map Settings on Master Mode MAPS Page
PC3 Song Mode
PressureMap Settings on MIDI Mode Transmit Page
MIDI Destinations
PC3 Sound Engine to PC3 audio outputs MIDI Out via MIDI Out port or USB Computer port
The receive Pressure Map affects the way the PC3 receives MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values from its USB or MIDI In port (see the circled box above for its location in the MIDI signal flow.) Different maps output different MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values for the same received MIDI pressure (aftertouch) value. Each map applies a different curve to received MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values and remaps them to new values before letting them pass (this parameter has no effect on MIDI data sent from the PC3’s keyboard.) The default map provides the widest range of pressure (aftertouch) expression, but you may want to choose a different map if the default does not suit your playing style. See the diagram above for the other pages that affect MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values before reaching the receive Pressure Map.
The default map, Linear, allows MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values to pass unchanged. Maps 2‐4 make it increasingly easier to produce MIDI pressure values for the same physical pressure applied to a key (with 4 “Easiest” being the easiest.) Maps 4‐7 make it increasingly harder to produce MIDI pressure values for the same physical pressure applied to a key (with 7 “Hardest” being the hardest.)
System Exclusive ID (SysExID)
The SysExID parameter differentiates between more than one MIDI device of the same model. You won’t need to change the default setting of 0 unless you have multiple PC3s (or K2600s, K2500s, or K2000s) receiving SysEx messages from a single source. In that case, make sure each 10-8
MIDI Mode
The RECEIVE Page
instrument has a different SysExID. Then you can direct SysEx messages to the appropriate PC3 with the SysExID byte that’s included with every SysEx message. A value of 127 specifies “Omni Receive.” That is, at this value, a PC3 responds to a SysEx message regardless of the SysEx ID of the message.
Bank Select
BankSelect allows you to choose between having the PC3 respond to Controller 0 or Controller 32 or both. The reason for this is that various manufacturers have chosen one method or the other. The three possible values for this parameter are:
Ctl 0
Responds to controller 0 only.
Ctl 32
Responds to controller 32 only.
Ctl 0/32
Responds to 0 or 32.
Local Keyboard Channel (LocalKbdCh)
The Local Keyboard Channel enables an external MIDI device to function as if it is the PC3’s keyboard and physical controllers. This allows one MIDI channel of an external MIDI device to control multiple MIDI channels of the PC3, even if the external MIDI device only transmits on one channel.
In Setup Mode, when the LocalKbdCh parameter is set to match the channel on which the external MIDI device is transmitting, the setup will play on the external MIDI device as it does on the PC3’s keyboard. See the Continuous Controller Messages From External MIDI Devices on page 10‐10 section below for details on receiving continuous controller messages from an external MIDI device when a Local Keyboard Channel is set. Also, in Setup Mode, when the LocalKbdCh parameter is set to match the channel on which the external MIDI device is transmitting, external MIDI received by a Zone is sent to the destination set with each Zones’ CH/PROG page Destination parameter (see Destination on page 7‐5 for details.) In this case, if a Zone is sending the external MIDI to the USB or MIDI Out ports, the MIDI messages will be remapped to the channel of the Zone, and any note transposition set for the Zone will be applied.
In Setup Mode, when the LocalKbdCh parameter is set to None, an external MIDI device will play a single Program. The played program will be on a Zone of the current Setup that has a Channel parameter (on the Setup Editor CH/PROG page) which matches the channel on which the external MIDI device is transmitting. (If no Zone’s Channel parameter matches, the external device will play the program that was last used by that channel in Program or Setup Mode.) When the Program of a Setup Zone is played from an external MIDI controller with the LocalKbdCh parameter set to None, Setup MIDI parameters (most noticeably key range and transposition) will not be applied. (See Input Channel on page 7‐6 for details on applying these parameters when playing a single zone from an external MIDI device.) Also, in Setup Mode, when Local Keyboard Channel is set to None, external MIDI sent to any channel is output from the MIDI Thru port, but not from the MIDI Out port or USB port.
The Local Keyboard Channel parameter also affects how external MIDI devices interact with Program Mode. In Program Mode, when the LocalKbdCh parameter is set to match the channel on which the external MIDI device is transmitting, the external MIDI device will play the Program on the channel currently selected on the Program Mode main page. (The Program Mode main page shows the current channel on the right of the top line.) Also, in this case, external MIDI received by a Program mode is sent to the destination set on the Destination parameter on the MIDI Mode Transmit page (see Destination on page 10‐2 for details.)
10-9
MIDI Mode
The RECEIVE Page
In Program Mode, when the LocalKbdCh parameter is set to None, an external MIDI device will trigger the program on the channel that it is transmitting, no matter which channel is currently selected on the Program Mode main page. In this case, external MIDI sent to any channel is output from the MIDI Thru port, but not from the MIDI Out port or USB port.
Continuous Controller Messages From External MIDI Devices
When using an external MIDI device with the PC3, you can control many of the PC3’s program parameters by sending MIDI Continuous Controller messages (CCs) from the external MIDI device. Each parameter that you wish to control must have a CC number assigned in the Program Editor (see the section below: Assigning An External CC Number As A Control Source For A Program Parameter.) See the sections below for details on using external CCs with the available settings in Program and Setup Mode.
For details on controllable parameters of VAST programs, see the following sections: The DSP Modulation (DSPMOD) Page on page 6‐30, The LFO Page on page 6‐38, The ASR Page on page 6‐40, The Function (FUN) Page on page 6‐41, The Envelope Control (ENVCTL) Page on page 6‐45, The MOD Pages on page 9‐10, and FXLFO, FXASR, and FXFUN pages on page 9‐11. For KB3 programs, see the following sections: The PITCH Page on page 6‐21, The AMP Page on page 6‐21, KB3 Editor: The LFO, ASR, and FUN Pages on page 6‐70, The MOD Pages on page 9‐10, and FXLFO, FXASR, and FXFUN pages on page 9‐11.
Assigning An External CC Number As A Control Source For A Program Parameter
For each program, the Program Editor can be used to assign an external MIDI controller CC number for each controllable parameter in that parameter’s source field. Source fields are named differently depending on their page: Src1, Src2, RateCt, Trigger, Input a, Input b, and Source. To assign a CC number to a source field, enter the number with the alphanumeric pad, then press Enter. With the source field selected, you can also assign a CC number by holding the Enter button and sending a CC value from the external MIDI controller. When assigning a CC number to a source field, the number may be displayed in the source field as the name of that CC’s default use. Using External CCs In Program Mode, Local Keyboard Channel=None
To control a program parameter via external MIDI CC in Program Mode, the parameter must first have a source assigned within the Program Editor, as described in the Assigning An External CC Number As A Control Source For A Program Parameter section above. To control an assigned program parameter with Local Keyboard Channel set to None, send the assigned CC number to the channel which contains the program.
Using External CCs In Program Mode, Local Keyboard Channel Enabled
To control a program parameter via external MIDI CC in Program Mode, the parameter must first have a source assigned within the Program Editor, as described in the Assigning An External CC Number As A Control Source For A Program Parameter section above. When using Local Keyboard Channel in Program Mode, it is best to assign parameters to be controlled by the default CCs for physical controllers, because these match the default destinations (see the External MIDI CC Remapping For Local Keyboard Channel and Input Channel table below for default CCs).
The Local Keyboard Channel makes an external MIDI controller’s continuous controllers behave as if they were the PC3’s physical controllers. In Program Mode, when an external MIDI controller is sending a CC on the channel set for Local Keyboard Channel, external CCs can control the destinations set for each of the PC3’s physical controllers. Send the default CC for a physical controller to control its destination (see the External MIDI CC Remapping For Local Keyboard Channel and Input Channel table below for defaults.) In Program Mode, these 10-10
MIDI Mode
The RECEIVE Page
destinations are set in the Control Setup (see Control Setup on page 6‐9 for details.) By default, the destinations for the PC3’s physical controllers are the same as their default CC numbers. To control an assigned parameter, send the assigned default physical controller CC to the channel set for Local Keyboard Channel.
If a Local Keyboard Channel is set but you are sending CCs to a different channel, these CCs will be received normally by the Program in that channel. Using External CCs In Setup Mode, Local Keyboard Channel=None, Input Channel=None
To control a program parameter via external MIDI CC in Setup Mode, the parameter must first have a source assigned within the Program Editor, as described in the Assigning An External CC Number As A Control Source For A Program Parameter section above. To control an assigned parameter, send the assigned CC number to the channel for the Setup Zone which contains the program.
Using External CCs In Setup Mode, Local Keyboard Channel Enabled, Input Channel=None
To control a program parameter via external MIDI CC in Setup Mode, the parameter must first have a source assigned within the Program Editor, as described in the Assigning An External CC Number As A Control Source For A Program Parameter section above. The Local Keyboard Channel makes an external MIDI controller’s continuous controllers behave as if they were the PC3’s physical controllers. In Setup Mode, when an external MIDI controller is sending a CC on the channel set for Local Keyboard Channel, external CCs can control the destinations set for each of the PC3’s physical controllers. Send the default CC for a physical controller to control its destination (see the External MIDI CC Remapping For Local Keyboard Channel and Input Channel table below for defaults.) The CC is received in Setup Mode and sent to a Program based on the destination set in Setup Mode. In the Setup Editor, use the alphanumeric pad to set each PC3 physical controller Dest, OnControl or OffControl field to the CCs you assigned in Program Mode. When setting a CC destination, the number may turn into the name of the PC3 physical controller which uses that CC by default. If you create a Setup using Setup 126 Internal Voices as a template, the default CC numbers will already be set for each physical controller destination. (Don’t save a Setup at ID 126, setup 126 Internal Voices is the PC3’s default Control Setup, see Control Setup on page 6‐9 for details.)
Note: In Setup Mode, when an external MIDI controller is sending a CC on the channel set for Local Keyboard Channel, any CC sent that is not in the External MIDI CC Remapping For Local Keyboard Channel and Input Channel table (see below) gets sent to Programs on all Zones of the Setup.
If a Local Keyboard Channel is set but you are sending CCs to a different channel, these CCs will be received normally by the Program in the Setup Zone for that channel. Using External CCs In Setup Mode, Local Keyboard Channel=None, Input Channel Enabled
To control a program parameter via external MIDI CC in Setup Mode, the parameter must first have a source assigned within the Program Editor, as described in the Assigning An External CC Number As A Control Source For A Program Parameter section above. To use an InputChannel (see page 7‐6,) Local Keyboard Channel must be set to None. The InputChannel makes an external MIDI controller’s continuous controllers behave as if they were the PC3’s physical controllers. When an external MIDI controller is sending a CC on the channel set for InputChannel, external CCs can control the destinations set for each of the PC3’s physical controllers. Send the default CC for a physical controller to control its destination (see the External MIDI CC Remapping For Local Keyboard Channel and Input Channel table below for defaults.) The CC is received in Setup Mode and sent to a Program based on the destination set 10-11
MIDI Mode
The RECEIVE Page
in Setup Mode. In the Setup Editor, use the alphanumeric pad to set each PC3 physical controller Dest, OnControl or OffControl field to the CCs you assigned in Program Mode. When setting a CC destination, the number may turn into the name of the PC3 physical controller which uses that CC by default. If you create a Setup using Setup 126 Internal Voices as a template, the default CC numbers will already be set for each physical controller destination. (Don’t save a Setup at ID 126, setup 126 Internal Voices is the PC3’s default Control Setup, see Control Setup on page 6‐9 for details.)
Note: In Setup Mode, when an external MIDI controller is sending a CC on the channel set for Input Channel, any CC sent that is not in the External MIDI CC Remapping For Local Keyboard Channel and Input Channel table (see below) also gets sent to the Program on that channel.
If an InputChannel is set but you are sending CCs to a different channel, these CCs will be received normally by the program in the Setup Zone for that channel.
External MIDI CC Remapping For Local Keyboard Channel and Input Channel
Default MIDI CC# Which Controls The
Destination Assigned To Each PC3
Physical Controller In The Setup Editor
PC3 Physical Controller
10-12
Pitch Wheel
NA, responds to MIDI pitch bend messages
Mod Wheel
1
Arp Button
69
SW Button
29, 70
Continuous Pedal 1
11
Continuous Pedal 2
4
Breath
2
Pressure (key pressure)
Not controllable by MIDI CC
Foot Switch 1
64
Foot Switch 2
66
Foot Switch 3
67
Ribbon Section 1
18, 21
Ribbon Section 2
19
Ribbon Section 3
20
Slider A (Data)
6
Slider B
13
Sliders C-I
22-28
Programmable Switches 1-8
Not controllable by MIDI CC
Bank Buttons (KB3 control buttons,
Setup Zone Mute buttons)
Not controllable by MIDI CC
MIDI Mode
The Channels Page
The Channels Page
Press the CHANLS soft button to select the CHANNELS page, where you can define numerous parameters for each MIDI channel independently. Use the Chan/Layer buttons to select the MIDI channel you wish to work on.
The CHANNELS page is very useful when you’re doing multi‐timbral sequencing, with programs assigned to numerous MIDI channels. The CHANNELS page lets you set several control characteristics for each MIDI channel. This makes it easy to adjust the playback of the sequence without editing the sequence itself. For example, you might turn off the Enable parameter for one or more channels to mute the tracks on those channels. You could also set the VolLock parameter to On, to ignore any MIDI volume messages the PC3 receives on a given MIDI channel.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Enable
Off, On
On
Program
Program list
Program ID 1
Pan
0 to 127
64 (centered)
Volume
0 to 127
127 (maximum)
Program Lock
Off, On
Off
Pan Lock
Off, On
Off
Volume Lock
Off, On
Off
Enable
Use this parameter to turn the currently selected channel on or off. When on, the channel will receive MIDI information, and the settings of the parameters on the MIDI CHANNELS page will be in effect. When off, the channel will ignore all MIDI information.
Program
Use this parameter to assign a program to the currently selected channel. The channel will still respond to program change commands received via MIDI, unless the PrgLock parameter (described below) is set to On.
10-13
MIDI Mode
The Channels Page
Pan
This offsets the pan position of the current program as set on the OUTPUT page in the Program Editor. A value of 0 is maximum offset to the left, 64 is no offset, and 127 is maximum offset to the right. Changing the value of this parameter is like inserting a MIDI pan message. MIDI Pan (MIDI 10) messages will change the value of this parameter, unless the PanLock parameter (described below) is set to On.
If the Mode parameter on the OUTPUT page in the Program Editor is set to Fixed, changing the value of Pan on the CHANNELS page in MIDI mode has no effect.
Volume
This sets the volume for any program assigned to the currently selected channel. A value of 0 is silence, and a value of 127 is full volume. The value of this parameter will change in response to MIDI Volume (MIDI 07) messages, unless the VolLock parameter (described below) is set to On.
Program Lock, Pan Lock, Volume Lock
When the parameter locks are set to On, the three parameters they control do not respond to their respective MIDI controller messages. In that case, you could change the Program, Pan, and Volume settings from the front panel, but not via MIDI.
10-14
MIDI Mode
Program Change Formats
Program Change Formats
The PC3 can store more programs than the MIDI program change specification can handle (MIDI lets you send program change numbers from 0 to 127 or 1 to 128 only). So we’ve designed a system that makes program selection more flexible. This is true whether you’re selecting programs from the PC3’s front panel, or via MIDI.
Program Change Type
For Use With:
Extended
Bank changes and Program changes. A bank has 128 ids. Note
that our system will recognize 16 banks, from 0 to 15. (2048 ids).
This is for connecting a PC2 or a generic MIDI device as a controller
device.
K2600
Bank changes and Program changes. A bank has 100 ids. Our
system will recognize in this case 21 banks, from 0 to 20. For
example, with MIDI out from a K2600 into the MIDI in of a PC3, if
you scroll or enter a number in the K2600 you will see the same
numbers in the K2600 and in the PC3 if the programs exist.
QAccess
Other PC3s (or K2600s, K2500s or K2000s) similarly set, when in
Quick Access mode
The PC3 gives you thousands of program change numbers to work with. These are organized into 16 banks of 128 each (the memory banks). A program’s object ID is its program change number, as discussed in Chapter 5. This makes it easy to keep track of your programs. The PC3 can use several different formats for interpreting program change commands. The value for the ProgChgMode parameter on the RECEIVE page determines which format is used, and the one you should select depends on your MIDI system.
If you expect you’ll always change programs from your PC3’s front panel, selecting programs is as simple as entering the program change number (the program’s object ID) on the alphanumeric pad, and pressing Enter. Even program numbers above the usual MIDI limit of 127 can be selected this way.
Extended Program Changes
If you’re controlling your PC3 from a MIDI device that can handle the MIDI Controller 0 or 32 program‐change format, you’ll have the greatest flexibility if you set the ProgChgType parameter to a value of Extended.
When you’re using the extended program change format, then depending on the value of the BankSelect parameter on the RECEIVE page in MIDI mode, the PC3 will respond to either MIDI Controller 0 or 32 program change commands for bank selection, and standard program change commands for program changes within the current bank. Different values have different results, as shown in the following table:
Program Change Command
Type
Value of
Message
Result
MIDI controller 0 or 32
(MC 0 or MC 32)
0 to 16
Selects memory bank zeros–900s
0 to 127
Selects correspondingly numbered program in current
memory bank
Standard (PCH)
10-15
MIDI Mode
Program Change Formats
If your PC3 is already in the memory bank you want to use, you can send it single PCHs from 0 to 127, to select programs within that memory bank. The PC3’s response depends on the setting for the Bank/Select parameter on the MIDI Mode RECV page. If you want to change the memory bank, the PC3 must receive either an MC 0 or 32 message with value 0–127. The next PCH in the range 0–127 will select the correspondingly numbered program in the newly selected bank. The following table of examples should help make it clear.
Bank Change
Command Received
Program Change
Command Received
Result
MC 0 or 32: value 0
PCH: value 99
Program 99 (Base1 bank, 99th program)
MC 0 or 32: value 1
PCH: value 41
Program 169 (Base2 bank, 41st program)
MC 0 or 32: value 1
PCH: value 129
Program 258 (Classic Keys bank, 2nd program)
MC 0 or 32: value 7
None
KB3 bank selected, no change in current program (bank
selection is pending for next PCH)
QAccess
Using this setting is similar to using the Extended program change format, but it goes one step further. Incoming program change commands are interpreted just as they are in the normal Extended format. But the resulting program change number, instead of selecting a program, selects a Quick Access bank entry (you must be in Quick Access mode for this to work). There are two advantages to using this format. First, it allows you to select both programs and setups using program change commands, without having to switch between Program and Setup modes. Second, you can remap incoming program change commands to select programs or setups with different IDs. This is handy if the sending unit can’t send program change commands higher than 127.
First, a brief review of Quick Access bank structure. Each Quick Access bank can store ten entries, each of which can be a program or a setup. Each of the PC3’s 10 memory banks can store 20 Quick Access banks (except the Zeros bank, which can store 75). Therefore when you’re in Quick Access mode, you have access to 200 (or 750 in the Zeros bank) programs or setups without leaving the currently selected memory bank. The QA Ext program change format lets you select any one of those programs or setups via MIDI. If you select another memory bank, you have a different set of 200 programs and setups at your disposal. When you’re using this format, the PC3 will respond to MC 0 or 32 messages for selecting QA banks, and to PCHs for selecting entries within the current bank. PCHs select entries according to their “chronological” listing within the QA bank (not according to their IDs).
Command Type
Value Range
MIDI controller 0 or
32 (MC 0 or MC 32)
0 to 127
Standard (PCH)
0–127
Result
Selects QA bank 0n, 1n, 2n, 3n, 4n, 5n, 6n, 7n in current memory bank
Selects last digit (n above) of QA bank, and entry within that bank
Depending on the QA bank entry you want to select, you’ll send the PC3 either a PCH (value 0 to 127), or a MIDI Controller 0 or 32 message (value 0 to 127) followed by a PCH. Sending a single command will let you select from a range of 10 QA banks and select an entry within that bank (see the table below). To select a different range of QA banks, send an MC 0 or 32 message followed by a PCH.
The MC 0 or 32 messages selects the range of QA banks (0s through 70s), while the PCH selects the bank within that range, as well as the entry within that bank. Neither the MC 0 or 32 nor the PCH selects a different memory bank. In fact, you can’t change the memory bank via MIDI when using this format. All program and setup selections are made within the currently selected 10-16
MIDI Mode
Program Change Formats
memory bank. You’ll know which memory bank is selected by looking at the ID of the currently selected Quick Access bank in the top line of the Quick Access mode page. QAccess and MIDI Transmission
If you’re in Quick Access mode and you’re using the QAccess format for the program change type, selecting QA banks or bank entries from the PC3 (with the alphanumeric buttonpad, the cursor buttons, the Alpha Wheel, the Plus/Minus buttons, or the Chan/Layer buttons) also sends corresponding program change commands to the PC3’s USB and MIDI Out port. The PC3 sends either an MC 0 or 32 message followed by a PCH. The following tables give specific examples.
Commands Sent
Current
QA Bank
Entry From
Alphanumeric Pad
1
0
0
10
1
9
0
19
2
0
0
20
2
9
0
29
9
9
0
99
12
8
1
0
19
9
1
99
20
0
2
0
29
9
2
99
MC 0 or 32
PCH
75
9
7
59
100
0
0
0
105
9
0
59
110
9
1
99
117
7
1
77
119
9
1
99
Table 10-1
QAccess Program Change Examples
10-17
MIDI Mode
The Soft Buttons in MIDI Mode
The Soft Buttons in MIDI Mode
The first three soft buttons select the three MIDI mode pages. The PrgChg soft button lets you send a program change command on any MIDI channel. The RsetCh soft button lets you return all channel parameters to their default values. The Panic soft button sends an All Notes Off and an All Controllers Off messages to the PC3 and on all 16 MIDI channels.
Program Change (PrgChg)
When you press this soft button, a dialog appears that lets you send program changes out the USB or MIDI Out port, but does not change internal programs. The Chan/Layer buttons, the Up/
Down cursor buttons, and the Chan– and Chan+ soft buttons can all be used to change the channel on which the program change command will be sent. The Left/Right cursor buttons, the Plus/Minus buttons, the Alpha Wheel and the Prog– and Prog+ soft buttons can all be used to change the program change number that will be sent. When you’ve set the channel and the program change number, press the Send soft button to send the program change command. Or press the Cancel soft button if you don’t want to send it. You can change the channel and the program number as many times as you want before you press Send. You also can use the alphanumeric pad to select a program number directly.
Reset Channels (RsetCh)
When you press this soft button, the PC3 asks if you want to reset all channels. If you press Yes, all settings on the CHANNELS page will return to their default values. When the project’s over, you can reset the Channels to restore the audio routing to each individual program (a value of Prog), rather than selecting each channel’s page and setting the Pair parameter back to a value of Prog. Press No if you decide not to reset the channels.
Panic
Panic sends All Notes Off and All Controllers Off messages to the PC3 and all MIDI channels.
10-18
Master Mode
MAIN
Chapter 11
Master Mode
Press the Master mode button to enter Master mode, which contains parameters affecting the PC3’s overall performance and system setup. You can set the system Clock so that the PC3 will time‐stamp your files correctly. You can use the Object tool to rename or delete selections of objects. You can also enter the Boot Loader to access a number of system and file utilities, or use Reset to delete all user objects and restore the PC3’s memory to its original factory settings. When you exit Master Mode (or MIDI Mode) the PC3 saves a Master Table (unless MasterTableLock is On — more on this below.) The Master Table remembers the settings of the Master pages, as well as the state of the PC3, such as which programs are assigned to each channel, settings for MIDI Mode Transmit and Receive pages, and Master FX settings. Explicit saving of the Master Table is also possible.
MAIN
On the Master Mode MAIN page you’ll find parameters for setting the overall tuning and transposition of the PC3, overall FX settings, drum program remapping, clock source options, ID entry options, demo song options, as well as options for saving master mode settings and remote triggering of PC3 functions.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Tune
± 100 cents
0
Transpose
-128 to 127 semitones
0
FX Mode
Performance, Multitrack
Performance
Drum Remap
None, GM
None
ID Entry
Global, Bank
Global
Setup Controllers (SetupCtls)
Instant, Pass Entry
Instant
Master Lock
On, Off
Off
Demo Button
On, Off
On
Buttons Mode
Off, On
Off
Display
Lyr/Zone, Ctls
Lyr/Zone
11-1
Master Mode
MAIN
Tune
Adjusting the value of this parameter tunes every program in the PC3 by the amount you specify. Tuning can be adjusted up or down 100 cents (one semitone) in one‐cent increments. This parameter is useful for getting in tune with recordings and acoustic instruments. Adjusting the tuning in Master mode does not change the settings on the PITCH page of individual programs, but will be added to any adjustments you make there. Master mode tuning adjustments affect only the audio output of PC3 program notes, and not notes sent via MIDI.
Transpose
Like the Tune parameter above, Transpose affects every PC3 program, but not those notes sent to the MIDI Out port. You can adjust the MIDI transposition sent to the MIDI Out port on the TRANSMIT page in MIDI mode.
FX Mode
With FX Mode set to Performance, the PC3 minimizes disruption of existing effects when changing programs, and entry values will not disrupt sustained notes when changing programs in Program or Quick Access modes. When controlling the PC3 from an external sequencer in Program Mode, you will want to set FX Mode to Multitrack to minimize effect disruption. FX Mode is set to Performance as a default, with some exceptions. In Song mode, Multitrack mode is always used, despite how this parameter is set in Master Mode. Also, the FX Mode parameter does not affect Setup Mode because it uses its own FX mode.
Drum Remap
This parameter will remap all Drum programs to conform to the General MIDI (GM) drum map, a standard drum map used in many keyboards and synthesizers. The GM drum map isn’t optimally intuitive in terms of playability, so by default the PC3 uses a unique keymap that is more intuitive and lends better to performance. However, the GM drum map is so commonplace that many players feel more comfortable playing drum programs with the GM drum map. Because of this, the PC3 is designed such that you can remap drum programs to the GM drum map.
When the Master Page Drum Remap is set to None, no remapping takes place in Program mode. When the Master Page Drum Remap is set to GM, the PC3 remaps Drum programs to the GM drum map. ID Entry
Global means that any entry you make from the alphanumeric keypad will select the object indicated, regardless of the bank it is in. For example, in program mode type “36” of the alphanumeric keypad to select program 36.
If Numeric Entry is set to Bank, your selection will be limited to the currently selected bank. For instance, in Program mode, if you are in Orchestra bank and you enter “65”, then the current program becomes program 65 of the Orchestra bank, viz. 449 HornSect Layer.
Setup Controllers (SetupCtls)
The Setup Controllers parameter affects how the PC3’s physical controllers relate to Entry Values in Setup Mode (see Entry (Ent) and Exit Values on page 7‐30.) With the Setup Controllers parameter set to Instant, moving a physical controller assigned within a Setup will instantly send a new MIDI value to that assignment. With the Setup Controllers parameter set to PassEntry, moving a physical controller assigned within a Setup will not send a new MIDI value to that assignment until the physical controller passes the value set for its Entry Value. Instant is set by default, but PassEntry can be useful so that Setup controller assignments don’t jump far from their entry values when first moving a physical controller.
11-2
Master Mode
MAIN
Master Table Lock (Master Lock)
With Master Lock set to Off, the PC3 will save the current Master mode configuration when you exit Master mode (or MIDI mode). This information is stored in a Master Table object (see Save on page 11‐17 below for more details on what is saved with a Master Table.)
If you have a particular Master configuration that you would like to safeguard against the auto‐
saving feature, set Master Lock to On. With the Master Lock on, the PC3 does not save any changes unless you press the Save soft button. Note that if you would like Master Lock to stay on next time you turn on the PC3, you must press the Save soft button to store the state of Master Lock to the Master Table.
Demo Button
The Demo Button parameter determines what pressing the Play/Pause button does in program mode. With the Demo button parameter set to On, the Play/Pause button plays a demo song for the current program. (To play a demo song, the Demo Song parameter must be set in the program editor for the current program, see page 6‐37 for details.) With the Demo button parameter set to Off, the Play/Pause button plays the last song that was selected in Song Mode. If a demo song is set for the current program, it can always be played from program mode by simultaneously pressing the up and down cursor buttons.
Buttons Mode (Buttons)
If you set the Buttons parameter to On, pressing any buttons on the PC3 will generate System Exclusive (SysEx) messages that are sent to the MIDI Out port. This enables you to do two things: control a remote PC3, and/or record sequences of programming button presses to a sequencer or SysEx software package.
If you have the MIDI In port of another PC3 connected to the first one’s MIDI Out port, the second instrument will respond to every button press on the first instrument, just as if you were pressing the buttons of the second one. Keep in mind that both devices must be in exactly the same state (the same page in the same mode, with identical lists of objects) when you start. Otherwise the button presses you make on the first instrument may execute other functions on the second instrument.
Again, it’s important to keep in mind that the state of your PC3 must be identical to its state when you recorded the sequence of button presses. If you’ve added or deleted any objects, for example, the sequence of button presses will select different objects when you play back the button press sequence.
Display
The Display parameter determines what will be displayed in the info box on the left side of the Program Mode and Setup Mode main pages. When Display is set to Lyr/Zone, the info box will display an overview of the keymap names and ranges for each layer in the current Program (while in Program Mode,) or an overview of the Program names and ranges for each zone in the current Setup (while in Setup Mode.) The line beneath the name of the keymap/program indicates the keyboard range of that layer/zone. For example, a line extending all the way across the info box represents a layer/zone that extends from C ‐1 to G 9—the full 128 note range of the PC3. The representation of these layer/zone ranges is approximate; they’re intended to let you know if you have a layered keyboard (lines overlapping) or a split keyboard (lines not overlapping). In Program Mode, stereo keymap layers are indicated in the info box with a double circle symbol. In Setup Mode, zones that have the Riff parameter set to On (On the Setup Editor RIFF1 page) are indicated in the info box with a riFF symbol. The info box can display up to four layers/zones at a time. If the current Program/Setup has more than four layers/zones, you can view their keymaps/programs by pressing and holding down the Enter button and scrolling with the Chan/Layer buttons.
11-3
Master Mode
MAPS
When Display is set to Ctls, Program Mode and Setup Mode use the info box to display the controller assignment info and MIDI CC value for the last moved controller. The info box clears a few moments after displaying the controller info.
MAPS
On the MAPS page you’ll find parameters for setting keyboard behavior for velocity, pressure, intonation, and key action maps. You can also set the default sequence for Song mode.
Velocity Map (Master)
Change the Master Velocity Map setting if you find that the PC3 is not producing the desired velocities (too loud or too quiet) based on your playing style (how light or heavy that you play the keys.) The default map provides the widest range of velocity expression, but you may want to choose a different map if the default does not suit your playing style. MIDI Sources
MIDI In via MIDI In port or USB Computer port
PC3 Keyboard
VelocityMap Settings on MIDI Mode Receive Page
KEY‐VEL page for current Control Setup (in Program Mode) or current Zone (in Setup Mode)
Velocity Map Settings on Master Mode MAPS Page
PC3 Song Mode
VelocityMap Settings on MIDI Mode Transmit Page
MIDI Destinations
PC3 Sound Engine to PC3 audio outputs 11-4
MIDI Out via MIDI Out port or USB Computer port
Master Mode
MAPS
The Master Velocity Map is an overall control for MIDI velocities used in the PC3. MIDI velocities are values created for each note depending on how hard you strike a key. The Master Velocity Map affects MIDI velocity values for all MIDI sources and destinations used in the PC3 (see the circled box above for its location in the MIDI signal flow.) Different maps used for the Master Velocity Map generate different MIDI velocity values for the same physical key strike velocity. Each map applies a different curve to received MIDI attack velocities and remaps them to new velocities before letting them pass. The default map provides the widest range of velocity expression, but you may want to choose a different map if the default does not suit your playing style. See the diagram above for the other pages that affect the MIDI attack velocity before and after reaching the Master Velocity Map.
The default map, Linear, allows MIDI velocities to pass unchanged. Light 1‐3 make it increasingly easier to produce high MIDI velocity values for the same key strike velocity (with Light 3 being the easiest,) so these maps may work better for users who play with a lighter touch. Hard 1‐3 make it increasingly harder to produce high MIDI velocity values for the same key strike velocity (with Hard 3 being the hardest,) so these maps may work better for users who play with a harder touch. Piano Touch simulates the general velocity response of an acoustic piano, and is best suited for playing acoustic piano programs. Easy Touch is similar to the Light settings, making high velocities easier to play, but it allows more sensitive control over playing high velocities by not boosting the MIDI velocity for fast strike velocities as much as it does for medium strike velocities. GM Receive mimics the velocity map commonly used by keyboards that use the General MIDI (GM) sound set. The GM Receive map makes medium strike velocities produce higher MIDI velocities compared to the Linear map. GM Receive effects notes from the PC3’s keyboard as well as the MIDI in port. This map is automatically used when the PC3 is in GM mode (see General MIDI Mode (GM On, GM Off) below,) though users may want to use the GM Receive map when generating MIDI outside of GM mode which will later be played back by a GM system. 11-5
Master Mode
MAPS
Pressure Map (Master)
Change the Master Press Map setting if you find that the PC3 is not producing the desired MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values (too high or too low) based on your playing style (how soft or hard that you press the keys.) The default map provides the widest range of pressure expression, but you may want to choose a different map if the default does not suit your playing style. MIDI Sources
PC3 Keyboard
MIDI In via MIDI In port or USB Computer port
PressureMap Settings on MIDI Mode Receive Page
PRESS page for current Control Setup (in Program Mode) or current Zone (in Setup Mode)
Pressure Map Settings on Master Mode MAPS Page
PC3 Song Mode
PressureMap Settings on MIDI Mode Transmit Page
MIDI Destinations
PC3 Sound Engine to PC3 audio outputs MIDI Out via MIDI Out port or USB Computer port
The Master Press Map is an overall control for MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values used in the PC3. MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values are created for each note depending on how hard you press on a key that is being held down. The Master Press Map affects MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values for all MIDI sources and destinations used in the PC3 (see the circled box above for its location in the MIDI signal flow.) Different maps used for the Master Press Map generate different MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values for the same physical key press value. Each map applies a different curve to received MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values and remaps them to new values before letting them pass. The default map provides the widest range of pressure (aftertouch) expression, but you may want to choose a different map if the default does not suit your playing style. See the diagram above for the other pages that affect MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values before and after reaching the Master Press Map.
The default map, Linear, allows MIDI pressure (aftertouch) values to pass unchanged. Maps 2‐4 make it increasingly easier to produce MIDI pressure values for the same physical pressure applied to a key (with 4 “Easiest” being the easiest.) Maps 4‐7 make it increasingly harder to produce MIDI pressure values for the same physical pressure applied to a key (with 7 “Hardest” being the hardest.) 11-6
Master Mode
MAPS
Intonation
Most modern western music uses what is known as equal temperament. This means that the interval between each semitone of the 12‐tone octave is precisely the same as every other semitone. However, many different intonation intervals have evolved over the centuries and across cultures and instruments, so equal temperament will not sound appropriate for certain styles of music. The PC3 supplies you with 17 different factory intonation maps which are useful for a range of different styles. By changing the value for this parameter, you select from among the intonation maps stored in the PC3’s memory. You can further customize each map or create your own by editing a map (see Editing Intonation Maps below.) Each of these maps defines different intervals between each of the semitones in a single octave (used for all octaves) by setting pitch offsets for each note in cents.
Scroll through the list of Intonation maps, and listen for the differences between semitones. Some of the intervals between semitones may be quite different from equal temperament, but you’ll notice that all notes are precisely tuned with notes that are an octave apart. This is because the intonation maps set the intervals within a single octave, and apply those intervals to each octave.
Like many instruments before the adaptation of equal temperament, most of these intonation maps were designed to sound best in one specific key. Though some may have historically been in a different key, all of the PC3s factory intonation maps are set to root note C by default. You can change the root key of the current intonation map by using the Int.Key parameter (see the Intonation Key (Int.Key) section below.)
List and Description of Intonation Maps
0 None
No intonation map is used, intonation is equal but cannot be edited.
1 Equal
No detuning of any intervals. The standard for modern western music.
2 Classic Just
Tunings are defined based on the ratios of the frequencies between intervals.
The original tuning of Classical European music.
3 Just Flat 7th
Similar to classic Just, but with the Dominant 7th flatted an additional 15 cents.
4 Harmonic
The perfect 4th, Tritone, and Dominant 7th are heavily flatted.
5 Just Harmonic
Approximation of a historical intonation.
6 Werkmeister
Named for its inventor, Andreas Werkmeister. It’s fairly close to equal
temperament, and was developed to enable transposition with less dissonance.
7 1/5th Comma
Approximation of a historical intonation based on the comma system.
8 1/4th Comma
Approximation of a historical intonation based on the comma system.
9 Indian Raga
Based on the tunings for traditional Indian music.
10 Arabic
Oriented toward the tunings of Mid-Eastern music.
11 BaliJava1
Based on the pentatonic scale of Balinese and Javanese music.
12 BaliJava2
A variation on 1Bali/Java, slightly more subtle overall.
13 BaliJava3
A more extreme variation.
14 Tibetan
Based on the Chinese pentatonic scale.
15 CarlosAlpha
Developed by Wendy Carlos, an innovator in microtonal tunings, this intonation
map flats each interval increasingly, resulting in an octave with quarter-tone
intervals.
16 Pyth/aug4
This is a Pythagorean tuning, based on the Greek pentatonic scale. The tritone
is 12 cents sharp.
17 Pyth/dim5
This is a Pythagorean tuning, based on the Greek pentatonic scale. The tritone
is 12 cents flat.
11-7
Master Mode
MAPS
In general, you should select a nonstandard intonation map when you’re playing simple melodies (as opposed to chords) in a particular musical style. When you use intonation maps based on pentatonic scales, you’ll normally play pentatonic scales to most accurately reproduce those styles.
Editing Intonation Maps
To edit an intonation map or create a new map, select an existing map and press the Edit button to bring up the EditIntonationMap screen (see below.) Intonation maps are based around a root key, shown on the right of the top line of the screen. Use the chan up/down buttons to change the root key (this is the same as changing the Int.Key parameter (see Intonation Key (Int.Key) below.) Intonation Key is not saved with the intonation map.) Use the cursor to move between note steps, each of which is labeled by its difference in keyboard steps from the root. Each step can be shifted by ± 200 cents (100 cents=1 half‐step.) Use the alpha wheel, alphanumeric pad, or plus/minus buttons to enter the desired cent shift amount for each step. Press Delete to delete the map from memory. Press Rename to rename the map and save. Pressing Save gives you the option to save the map or rename and save. To create a new map, edit an existing map and choose Rename when saving. Press Exit to return to Master page 2. When exiting the editor, it will automatically give you the option to save the map if changes have been made. For more detailed instructions on these functions, see Saving and Naming on page 5‐3.
Key Action Map
The Key Action Map determines the default way the PC3 responds to key action for specific keyboard component models. Generally speaking, you will not want to alter the Key Action Map. This parameter is included for the rare occasion when a PC3 has been setup at the factory for a different keyboard component model than the one installed. A user may discover that they need to change the Key Action Map when they have tried all of the Velocity Map settings and still do not feel comfortable with the key response of their PC3. Different maps result in different responses from the PC3 for the same physical key action, and each map corresponds to a different keyboard component model. If you have changed this parameter and want to change it back to the default map for your PC3, simply enter a value of 0 in the Key Action Map parameter field.
Intonation Key (Int.Key)
This sets the tonic, or base note from which the currently selected intonation map calculates its intervals. If you select G as the intonation key, for example, and the intonation map you select tunes the minor 2nd down by 50 cents, then G# will be a quartertone flat relative to equal intonation. If you change the intonation key to D, then D# will be a quartertone flat. If you use nonstandard intonations, you’ll want to set Int.Key to the key you’re playing in. If the Intonation parameter is set to Equal, changing Int.Key has no effect.
11-8
Master Mode
OUTPUT
Default Sequence
The Default Sequence parameter specifies the song that is used as a template for new and clear songs in Song mode.
OUTPUT
The OUTPUT page has options for digital audio output volume and sample rate. You can also set the analog Aux outputs to mirror the primary analog outputs. You can also control the MIDI clock source and MIDI clock output.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Output Clock
Off, On
Off
Digital Output Volume (Dig. out volume)
Variable, Fixed
Variable
Digital Output (Dig.Out)
Digital Output List
48 KHz
Aux Out Pair Mode
Normal, Mirror Primary Outputs
Normal
Clock Source
Internal, External
Internal
Output Clock
To send a MIDI clock pulse to the MIDI Out port, set this parameter to On. Otherwise, set it to Off.
Digital Output Volume (Dig. out volume)
The Digital Output Volume parameter specifies the behavior of the PC3’s Digital Output. Setting this parameter to Variable makes the Digital Output respond to changes made on the volume slider. Setting this parameter to Fixed makes the Digital Output output a signal with a fixed volume.
Digital Output (Dig. Out)
This Digital Output parameter specifies the PC3ʹs digital output sample rate. Internally clocked sample rates go from 44.1K up to 192K.
Externally synced sample rates cover 20‐220KHz in 3 ranges. Be sure the external clock frequency is within the range you select.
Aux Out Pair Mode
The Aux Out Pair Mode parameter specifies the behavior of the Secondary Audio Outputs (located on the back panel underneath the “Balanced Analog Outputs ‐ AUX” label. Setting this parameter to Normal makes the Aux Outputs behave as such. Setting this parameter to Mirror Primary Outputs makes the Aux Outputs output the same audio signal as the Primary output.
11-9
Master Mode
TEMPO
Clock Source
With the Clock Source parameter, you can set the PC3 to generate its own tempo by setting Clock Source to Internal, or you can set the PC3 to sync up with the tempo from another device—assuming the device is sending MIDI clock data to the PC3 via MIDI or USB—by setting Clock Source to External. See Important Note About External Sequencers: on page 12‐8 for related information.
TEMPO
Press the TEMPO soft button to go to the TEMPO page (see below.) When the Clock Source parameter is set to Internal (see Clock Source on page 11‐10,) the Tempo parameter on the TEMPO page sets the PC3’s system tempo. The system tempo sets the tempo for all modes except Setup Mode, which has its own tempo settings. Also, in Song mode, changing to a new song will override the system tempo. The Tempo parameter values are in units of BPM (beats per minute). You can also call up the TEMPO page from any other page by pressing the left and right cursor buttons simultaneously.
Set the Tempo parameter with the ‐/+ buttons, the Alpha Wheel, or the alphanumeric pad. You can also set the system tempo by tapping the Tap soft button at the desired speed. You need to tap at least twice for a tempo to be calculated, though tapping several times (like on each beat of one or more measures) works best. The newly tapped tempo is displayed in the tempo field, and along the bottom four Program select buttons a lit LED moves from left to right at this tempo. Alternatively, a temporary controller can be set for use in the Temporary TAP controller field, instead of using the Tap soft button. The Temporary TAP controller field lists groups of PC3 controllers in order of their usefulness for tapping. Listed first are the foot switches and switch buttons (though it would be easier to use the Tap soft button than set a temporary switch button.) After these is Note On, which lets you tap the tempo with any keyboard key. Last are the MIDI controller numbers, which includes all of the continuous controllers, though continuous controllers (such as a slider) are not easy or recommended for tapping the tempo. The Temporary TAP controller works only while on the TEMPO page and will remain selected when accessing the TEMPO page from other modes, but the selection will return to OFF the next time the PC3 is turned on. You can also assign a controller to controller destination 168, Tap Tempo, to be used as a tap tempo button when not viewing the TEMPO page. For those who frequently use tap tempo, this is a time saving addition to any setup or control setup (see Chapter 7, Setup Mode for more on controllers and destinations.) Any MIDI values received by destination 168 send a tap signal to the tap tempo function. This would be best used with a programmable switch (or footswitch.) Configure the selected switch so that it is Toggled, has it’s On and Off Controls set to destination 168 (Tap Tempo,) and set the On and Off Values to any value other than None. Entry and Exit State should be set to None.
11-10
Master Mode
General MIDI Mode (GM On, GM Off)
General MIDI Mode (GM On, GM Off)
This soft button enables or disables General MIDI (GM) mode. When GM mode is off (the default,) the buttons is labeled GM On. Press the GM On soft button to enter GM mode. The PC3 will prompt you to confirm or cancel. When GM mode is on the buttons is labeled GM Off. Press the GM Off soft button to exit GM mode. The PC3 will prompt you to confirm or cancel. You can not access Setup Mode or Quick Access Mode while in GM mode. Aside from what is noted in this section, all other PC3 functions operate normally while in GM mode. In GM mode, the PC3 complies specifically with the General MIDI (GM1) specification.
An Overview of General MIDI
General MIDI is a specification created by the MIDI Manufacturers Association which defines specific features that a MIDI instrument must have (see the MMA website at www.midi.org for more information.) Among other things, the GM specification sets a standard bank of program names and numbers, as well as a standard drum mapping layout, so that sequences created on any GM instrument will playback with the correct instrumentation on any other GM instrument, no matter the manufacturer. GM has many uses, for example it makes it easy for musicians who use MIDI files to share ideas and collaborate while using different sets of equipment. Also many instrumental versions of public domain songs can be found for free on the internet as GM compatible MIDI files. These, like all MIDI files, offer certain advantages over audio such as small file size, the ability to edit, orchestrate, or change tempo to easily learn from the sequences, or even convert note information to standard notation with a third party application. Overview of General MIDI Mode
Once enabled, Program mode will display the set of 128 standard GM program names on the right side of the screen (see below.) Aside from the different layout and program choice, Program mode operates normally (see below for info on the left side of the screen.) A default GM sequence will be loaded which sets FX sends for reverb and chorus, which are part of the GM specification. Drum programs will also be remapped to the GM drum map. The standard PC3 programs will not be visible until GM mode is turned off.
Replacing Default General MIDI Programs
The PC3’s GM sounds consist of PC3 programs tailored to work well in all GM sequences, but you can also edit or exchange these programs to suit your taste. The PC3 provides you with a GM sound set editor which allows you to replace the PC3’s default GM programs with any other PC3 factory or user created program. For example, you could choose a different factory or user created piano program to replace the default GM program 1, Ac Grand Piano. This way, any GM sequence that uses GM program 1 would now use the new piano program that you selected. Alternatively, you could even choose a different instrument to replace the default GM program 11-11
Master Mode
OBJECT
1, such as PC3 program 47 Harpsichord. This way, any GM sequence that uses GM program 1 would now use the new harpsichord program that you selected. Using a PC3 program that does not resemble the instrument named in the current GM program would technically make the PC3 incompatible with GM, but some users may want to do this as a way to “remix” GM sequences.
It is easy to replace default GM programs in order to make a custom GM sound set. Once in GM mode, the right side of Program Mode screen displays a list of the GM programs with their standard GM names. The left side of the screen shows you what PC3 program is being used for the selected GM program. Pressing left on the cursor moves you to this field. Use the cursor’s up/down buttons, the alphanumeric pad, the plus/minus buttons, or the alpha wheel if you wish to select a different PC3 program for the current GM program. Don’t use the program or category buttons because these will change the currently selected GM program. The newly selected PC3 program will be used by the current GM program, though the name of the GM program will not change. To save these settings you must save the master table (see Save below.) Saved settings can be recalled after powering off or leaving GM mode. To restore GM mode’s factory selected programs, press the Reset soft button (see below.)
OBJECT
Pressing the OBJECT soft button calls up the OBJECTS page (see below.) From here you can choose one of two utility functions for renaming or deleting selections of user created (or edited) objects. Press the Rename or Delete soft button to access each function (see below for details.) The OBJECTS page also displays the number of user objects saved to internal memory (in the UserObjects field,) the maximum number of user objects that can be saved to internal memory (in the MaxUserObjects field,) and the amount of free internal memory (in the IntMemoryFree field.) (The MaxUserObjects field shows the maximum amount of user objects that can be loaded/saved to internal memory for all object types combined. Keep in mind each object type only has 2560 ID#s available to save/load objects to, many of which are used by factory ROM objects.) Note: The number given for the MaxUserObjects field is based on loading/saving the smallest user objects to internal memory. When loading/saving larger user objects (such as Programs with many layers and Setups with many zones), the PC3 may run out of internal memory before the maximum number of user objects has been loaded/saved.
The information on the OBJECTS page is helpful when organizing user objects. For example, when loading many user objects from an external source, you should first determine if there is enough internal memory available for the objects being loaded. If there is not enough internal memory available, use the Delete soft button to delete user objects. (To save user objects before deletion, see The STORE Page on page 13‐5.)
The OBJECTS page also displays the current installed objects version (factory objects,) and the current installed OS version. This information is useful when installing updates.
11-12
Master Mode
OBJECT
Rename
The Rename utility allows you to rename an object without entering the object’s editor. The Rename page shows a list of all user created objects, grouped by object type (see below.) Use the alpha wheel or plus/minus buttons to select an object from the list. Press Rename to bring up the object Rename screen and enter a new name by following the standard renaming procedure. For more information, see Saving and Naming on page 5‐3. As in all naming dialogs on the PC3, you can do a double‐press of the Left/Right cursor buttons to put the naming cursor on the last character of the string. This is helpful when putting unique characters at the ends of names. Left/Right cursor button double‐press ‐> Move cursor to the end of the name in any naming dialogue.
Delete
The object Delete utility is useful for deleting unwanted user created objects in order to increase free internal memory space in your PC3. On the main Delete page, for each object type you can select a bank of objects to delete, a range of objects to delete, or delete all objects. On the Delete advanced page, you can select a single object or multiple objects to delete. To delete a group or range of objects, use the main Delete page (see below.) Use the cursor to select the left column, then use the cursor, alpha wheel or plus/minus buttons to select one or more object types from the list. Use the Select soft button to make your selection(s), which will be marked with a star. Select “All Types” if you want to delete all user objects (this will select all object types and numbers automatically.) Next, use the cursor to select the right column, then use the cursor, alpha wheel or plus/minus buttons to select one or more ranges of object numbers from the list. You can select object numbers by bank grouping (groups of 128), by number range (select “1...100 Range” use the SetRng soft button and choose any range of 2048 objects) or select “Everything” to delete all objects of the selected type. Again, use the Select soft button to make your selection(s), which will be marked with a star. The Clear soft button will clear your selection(s) from the currently selected list. Press the Delete soft button to delete your selection, you will be given the choice to Delete or Cancel. The Cancel soft button on the main delete page will return you to the OBJECTS page.
11-13
Master Mode
OBJECT
To delete single or multiple objects, go to the Delete advanced page by pressing the Advnce soft button on the main Delete page (see below.) The right column shows you a list of all user created objects. The left column tells you what type each object is, and objects are grouped by type. Use the alpha wheel or plus/minus buttons to select one or more objects from the list. Use the Select soft button to make your selection(s), which will be marked with a star. Use the Type soft button to jump to the lowest numbered object of the next group of object types. You can use the alphanumeric pad to jump to an object of the selected type by number, or enter 0 to jump to the lowest saved object number of the currently selected type. To review which objects you have selected, press the Next soft button to move to the next selected object in the list. Press the Delete soft button to delete your selection, you will be given the choice to Delete or Cancel. The Cancel soft button on the Delete advanced page will return you to the main Delete page.
For Delete and Delete advance, if any of the selected objects have dependents that were not selected, you will see the question: Delete dependent objects?
If you answer Yes to this question, all dependent objects of the selected objects are deleted, unless they are being used as dependents of other objects that are to remain in memory. Answering No will delete only those objects that were selected and not their dependents.
11-14
Master Mode
UTILS (UTILITIES)
UTILS (UTILITIES)
Pressing the UTILS soft button calls up the UTILITIES page, which gives you access to two analytic and diagnostic tool. Additionally, pressing the two right‐most soft buttons will call up the UTILITIES page from any mode or editor. The UTILITIES page appears as shown below:
Pressing the MIDI soft button launches MIDIScope™, a useful subprogram that lets you monitor the MIDI messages from the PC3 and those received via MIDI. This is a good way to make sure you’re receiving MIDI from MIDI masters. It’s also good for making sure your controls are assigned as you want them, checking your attack velocities, checking your controller values, etc.
Pressing the Voices soft button calls up the Voice Status page, which shows the PC3’s active voice channels as you play. The Voice Status pages displays each active voice as a solid rectangular block—for mono voices—or displays stereo pairs of voices as a > for the left channel voice and a < for the right channel voice. Whatever symbol the page displays, when the key of a voice is released, that voice’s symbol on the Voices Status page turns into a dot during the release portion of that voice’s envelope. When the voice decays to silence, it is no longer active, and the dot disappears. The Voice Status symbols appears as shown below:
The Voice Status page gives you an indication of the envelope level of each voice, though not necessarily the volume level. Nonetheless, this can give you a valuable indication of how your voices are being used. For example, if all or most of the voices are active, then there’s a good chance that when voice stealing takes place an audible voice will be reallocated.
The Voices utility works a bit differently for KB3 programs. The PC3 uses one voice of polyphony for every two tone wheels in a KB3 program. In the Voices utility, the voices used by the tone wheels appear as solid rectangular block, meaning that the voices are used for the KB3 program. They don’t get reallocated at any time, since they’re always on, even if you’re not playing any notes. Any voices not dedicated to a KB3 program behave normally. So if you have a setup that contains a KB3 program in one zone, and VAST programs in one or more other zones, you can monitor the voice allocation of the non‐KB3 voices in the section of the display that isn’t constantly filled with solid rectangular blocks.
CPU usage is displayed in percent on the bottom of the page, which reflects how much of the PC3’s total available CPU power is being used from moment to moment. Generally, having more voices, complex Programs and effects in use at once will result in higher CPU usage.
11-15
Master Mode
CLOCK
CLOCK
Pressing the CLOCK soft button allows you to view the PC3’s System Clock (see below.) When objects are saved, they are time stamped with the date and time of this clock. This time stamp can be seen in the file properties when viewing the files with a computer.
The Format soft button changes the view format of the date on this page. The Set soft button brings you to the Set clock page where you can set the system clock and date. Use the cursor to move between fields, use the alpha wheel or plus/minus buttons to change each field. On the Set page, press the Set soft button to save changes and return to the System Clock page, or the Cancel soft button to return to the System Clock page without saving changes.
The Chrono soft button brings up the PC3’s Chronometer (stop‐watch) page (see below.) This can be useful for timing the length of songs or performances. Press the Start soft button to begin timing. The Chronometer will continue running even if you exit to other screens or modes. Press the Stop soft button to stop timing, the Reset soft button to reset the Chronometer, or the Cancel soft button to return to the System Clock page.
Reset
Press the Reset soft button if you want to return your PC3’s memory to the state it was in when you bought it.
CAUTION: Resetting the PC3 system causes ALL parameters to be restored to default values and ALL user objects to be erased. The PC3 will ask you if you want to delete everything (meaning all objects), and a pair of Yes/No soft buttons will appear. Press No if you want to keep any objects you have saved. Press Yes, and everything stored in the PC3 will be erased. After a few seconds, the PC3 will return to the Program mode page.
11-16
Master Mode
Loader
Loader
Pressing the Loader soft button calls up the Boot Loader. See Appendix B.
About
Pressing the About soft button calls up the general info page for the PC3. On this page is the version of the installed OS and factory object. Press any key to leave this page.
Save
Pressing the Save soft button saves the Master Table object, which saves many important PC3 settings as defaults. Since the Master Table is always saved when exiting Master Mode (or MIDI mode,) the Save soft button is only needed in order to save when Master Table Lock is on (see Master Table Lock (Master Lock) on page 11‐3, above.) The Master Table saves the current configuration of the pages in Master mode. The Master Table also saves default settings for which program is selected on each of the 16 channels in Program mode (note that these channel settings are often altered by loading a song in Song mode.) The current channel and program selected in Program mode when the Master Table is saved will be loaded by default the next time the PC3 is powered on. The Master Table saves settings from MIDI mode for the Transmit, Receive, and Channels pages. The Master Table also saves settings for “favorite” programs (see the User Interface Basics chapter, page 3‐4.) Lastly, the Master Table saves settings for the Master Effects page in Effect mode.
Only one Master Table object can be saved in the PC3’s internal memory, and this should be sufficient for most users. For users who wish to save alternate Master tables for quicker access to different system configurations, the object must be saved to an external device (see the Storage Mode chapter.)
Preview Sample (PRVIEW)
Press the PRVIEW button to go to the PREVIEW page. The PREVIEW page can be used to automatically make a new keymap and program using any sample or group of sample roots. Programs created with the preview function are saved in Program Mode. This allows you to quickly hear what a sample or group of sample roots will sound like in a program. The preview function is also a quick way to begin making a new program which can be edited further if desired. If a single sample is selected a single keyrange keymap will be created. If a group of sample roots is selected, the preview function will try to create a keymap with multiple keyranges based on each sample’s root key. If the sample or group of sample roots are stereo, the created program will be stereo.
To use the preview function, go to the PREVIEW page, select a sample or group of sample roots in the Sample field using the Alpha Wheel, ‐/+ buttons, or the alphanumeric pad, then press the OK soft button. Next you will be shown a list of banks by ID# range (bank 1 = 1...128, bank 2 = 129...256, etc.) Use the Alpha Wheel or ‐/+ buttons to choose a bank from this list. The preview function will save the created program and keymap using the lowest unused ID numbers available in that bank or higher. The preview function will never overwrite existing programs or keymaps. Saving to the User bank (1025...1152 and above) will make it easiest to find the new program or keymaps in the Programs list or Keymaps list. Press the Ok soft button to choose the selected bank and create the new program and keymap. The new program will be selected in the currently selected channel in Program Mode.
11-17
Master Mode
Preview Sample (PRVIEW)
11-18
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Getting Started with the Sequencer
Chapter 12
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Getting Started with the Sequencer
The PC3’s sequencer is a powerful and versatile tool for songwriters, composers, and anyone else who wants to record and play back songs. As with any tool, however, it’s best to start with the basics. If you are familiar with other sequencers, you will have no problem using Song mode in the PC3. Read through this section, to learn about the features that make the PC3’s sequencer unique. See Chapter 15, Tutorial: Song Mode for a guide on basic recording in Song Mode.
What is a Sequencer?
A sequencer is similar in some ways to a multi‐track tape recorder: you can record and play back all sorts of music and sounds, layer sounds on top of other sounds, and change or manipulate things that you’ve previously recorded. Unlike a tape recorder, however, you do not actually record sounds with a sequencer. Rather, you are recording commands that cause sounds to be played. Nonetheless, we will sometimes explain sequencer features by drawing analogies to familiar tape recording techniques such as splicing and overdubbing.
There are several advantages to recording a song by sequencing. For one thing, sequencer commands take up much less disk space than digitally recorded music would, so you can get a lot of information (that is, music) per megabyte. Furthermore, you can easily make changes to your sequences. For example, you can change individual notes, transpose parts, or change instrumentation. Lastly, you can share the sequences you create with other musicians.
Song Mode: The MAIN Page
The Song mode MAIN Page allows real time recording and playback, song and track selection. From this page you can view and edit the tracks’ channel, program, volume and pan settings, as well as other useful items.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Current Song
Song List
0*New Song*
Recording Track
1 to 16, None, Mult
1
Program
Program List
Current Program
12-1
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The MAIN Page
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Track Status
–, R, M, P
–
Channel
1 to 16
1 to 16 left to right
Volume
0 to 127
127
Pan
0 to 127
64
Tempo
20.0 to 400.0 BPM, EXT
120.0 BPM
Mode
Merge, Erase
Merge
Location
-9999:9 to 9999:9
1:1
The Events field on the top line displays the free RAM available for events in the selected song.
The Song Status, also on the top line of the display, is always one of the following:
STOPPED
The default sequencer status; also appears when you press the Stop or Pause button.
PLAYING
Appears when the Play button is pressed, but only if the following conditions are true: the Record was not pressed prior to pressing Play.
REC. READY
Appears when the Record button is pressed while Song Status is STOPPED. REC. READY flashes, indicating that the sequencer is waiting to start recording.
Current Song (CurSong)
This shows the ID and 16‐character name of the song currently selected for recording, playback, or editing. When a song is selected, Program Change, Volume, and Pan information is sent to all MIDI channels assigned to tracks that have data on them, and the internal clock is set to match the setting of the Tempo parameter. When looking for a previously saved song, you can scroll through songs while the sequencer is playing to quickly hear the beginning of each.
Tempo
The Tempo parameter determines the initial tempo for the selected song. The song will always start playback at the initial tempo. Whatever the tempo is set to when you record your first track will be the song’s initial tempo. During playback, the current tempo is shown in this field. During recording, tempos dialed in here get recorded in the Tempo Track. The initial tempo and other tempo changes can also be edited in the event list for the Tempo Track. The Tempo track also allows you to program more precise fractional tempos with two decimal places.
To quickly change a song’s initial tempo, press Record (the Song Status will change to REC READY), set the tempo desired, then press Stop. The initial tempo can also be changed with the Tempo parameter on the COMMON page in the Song Editor, or at the top of the event list for the Tempo track on the EVENT page in the Song Editor.
Note: You can also set the tempo using the tap tempo function. Press the left and right cursor buttons simultaneously to access the TEMPO page (see TEMPO on page 11‐10.)
You can also set the tempo to be controlled by an external sequencer. Use the Alphanumeric Pad to enter “0” in the tempo field, and press enter. “EXT” will appear in the tempo field. Any MIDI Time Clock (MTC) signal received at the PC3’s USB or MIDI in port will now set the Song playback tempo.
12-2
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The MAIN Page
Recording Track (RecTrk)
The RecTrk parameter determines which track is record enabled. Set the record enabled track to Mult to record more than one channel simultaneously.
When RecTrk is set to a single track (1–16), Record (R) is displayed for that track in the Track Status Indicator region (above the Track and Channels region). Conversely, with one exception, when any track’s Status Indicator is changed to Record (R), that track is shown as the value for the RecTrk parameter.
The exception is when RecTrk is already set to Mult, you can select the record enabled tracks by toggling the Track Status Indicator to Record (R), and the RecTrk will remain set to Mult.
When Mult is initially selected, all of the empty tracks will be record enabled. Tracks containing data will remain set to play (P), but you can manually set them to record (R).
The parameter(s) below RecTrk change according to the value of RecTrk. If RecTrk is set to a single track (1–16), Prog is displayed and you can select the program to be assigned to that track. If you switch through the channels, the program also changes, showing the program currently assigned to that channel.
If you change RecTrk to None or Multi, the display changes to show Trk:#. This field indicates which track is currently being triggered by the keyboard, and you can use this Trk:# field to select a track. Program (Prog)
Use this field to scroll through the programs in memory and select a program before initially recording each track of your song. A program selected on the current RecTrk becomes the track’s initial program the first time that the track is recorded. An initial program is the program that will be used for a track when it is played from the start of bar 1 (or any other point if there are no program changes and Control Chase is turned on, see Control Chase on page 12‐17.) Programs selected in Program or Quick Access Mode are selected as the program on the current RecTrk when you return to Song mode.
Follow these steps to change the current RecTrk’s initial program after recording has taken place on that track. While the sequencer is stopped, press Record, select the program, press Stop, and save the song. This preserves all changes you have made to any other track parameters: volume, pan, tempo, etc. You can also change the initial program at the top of a track’s EVENT list (see Song Editor: The EVENT Page on page 12‐31.)
Any MIDI program changes on the current RecTrk or Chan cause the ID and name of the track’s program to change during playback. Program changes can be written to the event list of the current RecTrk by changing the Prog parameter while recording. If a program change takes place, the program will only return to the initial program if triggered by another program change, or if the sequencer is stopped and restarted from the beginning of the sequence. One exception to this is when using the Control Chase feature, you would only need to restart the sequence before the first program change in order to return to the initial program (see Control Chase on page 12‐17.)
Prog changes to Trk:# if RecTrk is set to None or Mult. This field indicates which track is currently being triggered by the keyboard, and you can use this Trk:# field to select a track.
Track Number (Trk:#)
This parameter is available only when RecTrk is set to None or Mult (replacing the Prog parameter.) It indicates which track is currently being triggered by the keyboard, and you can use this field to select a track.
12-3
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The MAIN Page
Volume (Vol)
You can set a volume level for each track as a value between 0 and 127. If the channel of the RecTrk (or the control channel, if RecTrk is set to Multi or None) contains any recorded volume change (controller 7), the change will be reflected as the Vol parameter’s value in real time, as well as on the MIXER page. Also, changing the Vol value while recording will write volume automation (controller 7 messages) to the current RecTrk’s event list.
Initial Volume Settings
Each song file does not automatically save your volume setting for each track. To make a song save your volume settings for each track, you must write an initial volume for each track. Initial volume is the volume setting that will be used when your song is played back from the start of bar 1. An initial volume setting is essentially a volume automation message that is written before the first tick of a track. Initial volume settings are not automatically written during recording because they make it harder to try out different volume settings for a track. For example, an initial volume will reset any volume adjustments that you make during playback each time the song is stopped and played from the start of bar 1, or if the song is stopped and played from any point if the Control Chase parameter set to On on the Song:MISC page (see Song Mode: The MISC Page on page 12‐17.) If you plan to try out different volume settings, it is easier if you write an initial volume after you have found the desired setting.
Setting Initial Volume Per Track
Follow these steps to change the current RecTrk’s initial volume. While the sequencer is stopped, press Record, change the value of Vol, press Stop, and save the song (follow the same method to quickly set initial program or pan settings.) Initial program, volume, and pan can also be set at the top of each track’s event list (see Song Editor: The EVENT Page on page 12‐31.) Setting Initial Values For All Tracks
An important last step before saving a finished song is to store initial values of Program, Volume and Pan for all tracks. This can be done at any time, but is best done as a last step if you plan to make a lot of adjustments to these settings. To write initial settings for all tracks, press the Keep soft button on the Song:MIXER page (see Song Mode: The MIXER Page on page 12‐12.) After pressing the Keep soft button you must save your song to save these settings (you are automatically prompted to save upon exiting the Song:MIXER page.) Pressing the Keep soft button stores the current value of each track’s Program, Volume and Pan settings as initial settings. Be sure that these values on each track are set to the value that you wish to store, as the settings may have changed if you have written any automation. Note: Don’t use the Keep soft button if you would like certain tracks to not be stored with initial values. In this case, only set initial values for each desired parameter as described above (see Setting Initial Volume Per Track.)
Volume Sources When An Initial Volume Is Not Set
If an initial volume is not stored with each track, the volume for each track of your song will be set depending on what mode you were in previous to loading the song. If you are in Song mode and have played a song, and then you load a song without initial volumes, the volume of each track of the newly loaded song will be set by the previously played song. Volume settings are tied to MIDI channels, so the volume of each track will be dependent on which MIDI channel is assigned to each track in each song. If you are in Song mode and you load a song that does not have initial volumes without playing another song first, the volume of the MIDI channel for each track is set depending on which mode you enter Song mode from. If you enter Song mode from MIDI mode, Program mode, or Quick Access mode, the volume of each MIDI channel is set in MIDI mode on the Channels page. If you enter Song mode from Setup mode, the volume 12-4
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The MAIN Page
of each MIDI channel is set if a zone uses the same MIDI channel on the SetupMode CH/PROG page (set with the Channel parameter.) If a zone does use a MIDI channel that one of the tracks in your song uses, the volume of that track will be set by the ExitVolume parameter of that zone (on the SetupMode:PAN‐VOL page.) If multiple zones use the same MIDI channel, the ExitVolume of the highest numbered zone that uses that channel will set the volume for tracks that use that channel. If ExitVolume is set to NONE, the value for EntryVolume is used. If EntryVolume and ExitVolume are set to NONE, then the track for that channel uses the volume set for that channel in MIDI mode on the Channels page. If there is no zone that uses certain channels used by your song, then those channels in your song will use the volume setting of those channels in MIDI mode on the Channels page.
Pan
You can set an initial pan position (the balance between the Left and Right audio channels) for the playback and recording of each track as a value between 0 and 127. A value of 64 is center. If the channel of the RecTrk or the control channel contains any panning data (controller 10), the change will be reflected as the Pan parameter’s value in real time, as well as on the MIXER page. Also, changing the Pan value while recording will write Pan automation (controller 10 messages) to the current RecTrk’s event list.
Initial Pan Settings
Each song file does not automatically save your Pan setting for each track. To make a song save your Pan settings for each track, you must write an initial Pan value for each track. Initial Pan is the Pan setting that will be used when your song is played back from the start of bar 1. An initial Pan setting is essentially a Pan automation message that is written before the first tick of a track. Initial Pan settings are not automatically written during recording because they make it harder to try out different Pan settings for a track. For example, an initial Pan setting will reset any Pan adjustments that you make during playback each time the song is stopped and played from the start of bar 1, or if the song is stopped and played from any point if the Control Chase parameter set to On on the Song:MISC page (see Song Mode: The MISC Page on page 12‐17.) If you plan to try out different pan positions, it is easier if you write an initial Pan after you have found the desired setting.
Setting Initial Pan Per Track
Follow these steps to change the current RecTrk’s initial Pan. While the sequencer is stopped, press Record, change the value of Pan, press Stop, and save the song (follow the same method to quickly set initial program or volume settings.) Initial program, pan, and volume can also be set at the top of each track’s event list (see Song Editor: The EVENT Page on page 12‐31.) Setting Initial Values For All Tracks
An important last step before saving a finished song is to store initial values of Program, Volume and Pan for all tracks. This can be done at any time, but is best done as a last step if you plan to make a lot of adjustments to these settings. To write initial settings for all tracks, press the Keep soft button on the Song:MIXER page (see Song Mode: The MIXER Page on page 12‐12.) After pressing the Keep soft button you must save your song to save these settings (you are automatically prompted to save upon exiting the Song:MIXER page.) Pressing the Keep soft button stores the current value of each track’s Program, Volume and Pan settings as initial settings. Be sure that these values on each track are set to the value that you wish to store, as the settings may have changed if you have written any automation. Note: Don’t use the Keep soft button if you would like certain tracks to not be stored with initial values. In this case, only set initial values for each desired parameter as described above (see Setting Initial Pan Per Track.)
12-5
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The MAIN Page
Pan Sources When An Initial Pan Is Not Set
If an initial Pan is not stored with each track, the Pan for each track of your song will be set depending on what mode you were in previous to loading the song. If you are in Song mode and have played a song, and then you load a song without initial Pan settings, the Pan of each track of the newly loaded song will be set by the previously played song. Pan settings are tied to MIDI channels, so the Pan of each track will be dependent on which MIDI channel is assigned to each track in each song. If you are in Song mode and you load a song that does not have initial Pan settings without playing another song first, the Pan of the MIDI channel for each track is set depending on which mode you enter Song mode from. If you enter Song mode from MIDI mode, Program mode, or Quick Access mode, the Pan of each MIDI channel is set in MIDI mode on the Channels page. If you enter Song mode from Setup mode, the Pan of each MIDI channel is set if a zone uses the same MIDI channel on the SetupMode CH/PROG page (set with the Channel parameter.) If a zone does use a MIDI channel that one of the tracks in your song uses, the Pan of that track will be set by the ExitPan parameter of that zone (on the SetupMode:PAN‐
VOL page.) If multiple zones use the same MIDI channel, the ExitPan of the highest numbered zone that uses that channel will set the Pan for tracks that use that channel. If ExitPan is set to NONE, the value for EntryPan is used. If EntryPan and ExitPan are set to NONE, then the track for that channel uses the Pan setting of that channel in MIDI mode on the Channels page. If there is no zone that uses certain channels used by your song, then those channels in your song will use the Pan setting of those channels in MIDI mode on the Channels page.
Mode
If Mode is set to Merge you will be able to overdub when recording on a track containing previously recorded data. You’ll usually want to set Mode to Merge when RecMode (on the BIG page) is set to Loop. Otherwise, each time through the loop, the previously recorded information will be erased.
If you set Mode to Erase, the previously recorded data on the record enabled track will be replaced with the new data only during the Bars and Beats you are actually recording, and the previously recorded data before and after the newly recorded Bars and Beats will be preserved.
Location (Locat)
The Bar and Beat displayed as the Locate value changes relative to current location of the song during playback and recording. You can set this to a negative Bar and Beat location to start playback a set length of time before the beginning of the song.
Whenever you set the Locate point, that location will be used as the return point when Stop is pressed. Simply press Stop again to reset the song to the top (1 : 1).
Mode Indicators (+ and x):
Mode Indicators appear only for tracks that already contain data.
A plus sign (+) appears above the Track Status Indicator of a track set to record (R) when the Mode parameter is set to Merge.
An (x) appears above the Track Status Indicator of a track set to Record (R) when the Mode parameter is set to Erase.
Activity Indicators
A small square above the Track Status Indicator of a track set to Play (P) or Mute (M) means the track contains data.
12-6
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The MAIN Page
During playback and recording, the indicators above tracks containing any MIDI data will flash a small, filled‐in square when any MIDI activity is detected.
Track Status Indicators
Using the Up, Down, Left, and Right cursor buttons to position the cursor onto a Track Status Indicator, you can toggle an empty track (–) into Record (R) with the Alpha Wheel or Plus/
Minus buttons.
Once a track contains data, it will have a (P) as a Track Status Indicator, and it will be played during playback. You now will be able to toggle between Play (P), Mute (M), and Record (R).
The track selected as the RecTrk will display an (R), designating it as the recording track. If the RecTrk is set to Mult, initially all empty tracks will have Record (R) as a Track Status Indicator, any of which can be switched back to empty (–) if at any time recording on specific tracks is not desired.
If there isn’t a track with an (R), the RecTrk parameter’s value will be None. (The exception is when the RecTrk is set to Mult and you have switched all of the tracks out of record enable.)
Track Channels
Each track has a MIDI Channel that it uses to receive and transmit data. By default, tracks 1–16 of a new song are assigned to Channels 1–16 respectively, although a track can play or record on any channel and the same channel can be used for more than one track. Keep in mind, however, that only one program can be assigned to a channel at a time, so if you have more than one track assigned to the same channel, they’ll play the same program—the one on the higher‐numbered track, since that’s the most recent Program Change command received on that channel.
Soft Buttons on the MAIN Page
This section contains descriptions of the functions of the function soft buttons, that is, the buttons with labels not in all‐caps. As with all other modes, the soft buttons in Song Mode that have labels in all‐caps call up different pages. See the following sections for descriptions on how these pages work.
The Rec, Play, and Stop Soft Buttons
NOTE: These buttons are similar to the transport controls on a tape deck. Some of those decks require you to press Play and Record simultaneously to begin recording. The PC3’s transport buttons aren’t like that, however. It’s important that you press only one of these soft buttons at a time to insure proper recording start points, and to always be sure of the current sequencer status.
The Rec soft button changes the Song Status to REC. READY if the current Song Status is STOPPED. If the current Song Status is PLAYING, it will be switched to RECORDING when you press Rec.
The Play soft button plays back any recorded data when pressed while the song status is STOPPED. Playback will begin from the bar and beat specified in the Locate parameter. When the Song Status is REC READY, pressing the Play soft button will begin recording.
The Play soft button functions as a Pause button, but only when the Song Status is PLAYING or RECORDING. Pressing Play while the song is playing will stop the playback, and the location remains at the current bar and beat, allowing you to continue from that location by pressing Play again.
Pressing Pause while recording will stop the recording process as if you had pressed Stop.
12-7
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The MAIN Page
The Stop soft button halts the playback or recording, and resets the song’s location to either the default Bar 1, Beat 1 value, or to whatever location you defined with the Locate parameter. If the location is defined as something other than Bar 1, Beat 1, press Stop twice to reset to 1:1.
Pressing Stop when the Song Status is RECORDING will always prompt the “Save changes to this song?” dialog (described below), and provides you with the opportunity to listen to the new song and compare it with the old, previously saved, song before answering Yes or No.
The PC3 also has dedicated front panel buttons for Record, Play/Pause, and Stop. You’ll find them just below the eight mode buttons. Additionally you can control these functions from any external sequencer that sends MIDI Machine Control (MMC) messages. The PC3 will automatically listen to any MMC messages received at the USB or MIDI in port. The PC3 will also automatically send its own MMC messages from the USB and MIDI out port, enabling the PC3’s transport to control an external sequencer. This works from any mode, though in Program mode you will want to make sure that the Demo Button function is set to off. You can do this from the Master Mode Main page. When Demo Button is set to off, you can still hear Program demos by pressing the cursor up and down buttons simultaneously. Important Note About External Sequencers:
If using the PC3 transport controls to record to an external sequencer, you must be in Song mode with the RecTrk set to None. If this is not done, you will simultaneously record to the external sequencer and the selected RecTrk if in Song Mode, or activate the Quick Song Recording function from other modes. This will cause unwanted sequences to be recorded in the PC3’s sequencer.
If you are also triggering PC3 sounds from the external sequencer, you will run into the same issue when using the transport on the external sequencer (if it is sending MMC.) In this case, either turn off outgoing MMC on the external sequencer, or use the same precautions as above.
The Load, Save, and Export Soft Buttons
The Load soft button calls up a scrolling list from which you can quickly locate and load a sequence. You can select a sequence using either the Alpha Wheel or ‐/+ buttons, or you can enter a sequence’s ID number.
The Save button calls up the “Save As” dialog.
The Export button exports the current song to a memory card as a Standard MIDI File. Select Standard MIDI File type 1 (saves with multiple channels,) or Standard MIDI File type 0 (saves as 1 channel.)
The NewSng, ClrSng and Delete Soft Buttons
The NewSng soft button creates a new song using the Default Sequence (specified on Page 2 of Master Mode) as a parameter template. Pressing this button is the same as selecting 0*New Song*.
The ClrSng soft button creates a new song whose parameters are set to the default values listed in the table beneath this section’s header (Song Mode: The MAIN Page). Keep in mind that the selected program for the new song will be the currently selected program.
Press the Delete soft button to delete the current song. The PC3 will present a prompt, at which point you may cancel, or confirm to delete the song.
12-8
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The MAIN Page
The Save Changes Dialog
The following dialog appears after you have recorded a track and pressed Stop, or if you have entered the Song Editor and made changes, then pressed Exit, or if you press Save in the Song Editor.
The PlyNew soft button allows you to play the song with your last recorded performance. You will likely want to hear this first.
Pressing PlyOld will play the current song, minus the performance that you just recorded. You can toggle between Play Old and Play New without restarting the song by pressing either button while the song is playing. This is useful to check if your last performance was better or worse than what was previously saved (if anything was previously saved.)
The Locate field allows you choose a start time for the old or new playback. This is useful when you just want to hear a certain part of the song without listening to the whole thing. The Playing field displays whether to NEW or OLD data is playing. Stop halts the playback of either the Old or the New version of the song you are currently auditioning. This also resets the song’s start location to either the default Bar 1, Beat 1 value, or to whatever location you defined in the Locate field.
Pressing Retry restarts recording from the same point you last started recording at.
Yes saves the song with the performance you just recorded. Whatever was played back when you pressed PlayNew will be the version of the song saved when you press Yes. The “save as” dialog will be displayed:
Use the Alpha Wheel, ‐/+ buttons, or Alphanumeric Pad to choose a free ID# location to save the song, or choose a used ID# location to overwrite a previously saved song with your new version. When overwriting a song file, the “save as” dialog displays “Replace” followed by the name of the file being replaced. Press Rename if you would like to change the song’s name. Press Save to save the song, or Cancel to return to the previous screen.
12-9
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The BIG Page
If you decide not to save or rename, No returns you to the Song‐mode page in which you were last recording. Changes to the current song are not saved, though the sequencer will remember changes to certain settings from the MAIN and BIG pages. These settings are Tempo, Merge/
Erase Mode, Locate, track mute status, Time In, Time Out, Song End, Loop, Punch, and Metron. To permanently save these changes with the song, make sure to choose Save from the soft button menu before powering off or loading a new song. Alternatively, you will be prompted to save these changes upon loading a new song if the MAIN page settings were changed while recording or with recording armed, or if any of the BIG page settings were changed.
For more detailed instructions, see Saving and Naming on page 5‐3.
Song Mode: The BIG Page
On the BIG page, the PC3 displays—in a large font, thus the page’s name—the current time/
location of the “playhead” of the sequencer in a Bar : Beat : Tick format (like the Riff time/location display). Also displayed is the current status of the sequencer, and the BIG page’s six parameters.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
(Bar)
(Current Position)
(Beat)
Depends on Time Signature
(Tick)
0 to 959
0
(Bar)
Time In
(Beat)
1 to 4
(Tick)
0 to 959
0
(Bar)
Time Out
(Beat)
1 to 4
(Tick)
0 to 959
0
(Bar)
Song End
12-10
(Beat)
1 to 4
(Tick)
0 to 959
0
Loop
(----), Loop
(----)
RecMode
Linear, PunchIn, UnLoop
Linear
Metron
Off, Rec, Always, CountOff
Rec
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The BIG Page
Time In
The Time In parameter determines the start time for Loop or Punch In recording (more on this below).
Time Out
The Time Out parameter determines the stop time for Loop or Punch In recording.
Song End
The Song End parameter determines the end point for the song. Note that when Time Out and Song End are set to the same location, changes made to Song End are reflected in Time Out. When recording beyond your initially specified Song End point, you’ll notice that the Song End location automatically moves and rounds to the next bar, so as to always be ahead of the playhead. It is possible to move the Song End point to a location before other MIDI events (i.e., in the middle of the current song)—the sequencer will ignore (but not delete) events after this point.
Loop
With the Loop parameter set to Loop, the sequencer will loop the segment of the song between Time In and Time Out.
RecMode
With the RecMode parameter set to Linear, the sequencer will record normally, from where ever you start, to where ever you stop, or until the Song End point is reached. With the RecMode parameter set to PunchIn, the sequencer will record events only between the points set for Time In and Time Out parameters on the BIG page. To use the UnLoop setting, the Loop parameter must be set to Loop, and a loop length must be set with the Time In and Time Out parameters on the BIG page. With the RecMode parameter set to Unloop, any existing tracks will be played back as if they were looping from the Time In to the Time Out point, but they are actually being re‐recorded linearly over absolute Bars and Beats until you press Stop. UnLoop allows you to record a linear track over a short looping section without first having to copy the section over and over again to achieve a new desired Song length. The End point of the Song is extended to the downbeat of the (empty) Bar immediately following the last Bar you were recording when Stop was pressed. For example, letʹs say you have a recorded a four bar drum loop and now want to record an eight bar bass line. This would be a situation where UnLoop would come in handy. While the drum track keeps looping, the bass track will record in linear fashion, and the end point will be moved to the point at which you press Stop. Actually, the drum track will also change. It will play through its loop twice, but while the information is repeating in the loop, it will be recorded to the track. So now if you look at the drum track, you will see information in bars 5‐8 (a duplicate of the information in bars 1‐4). Metron
The Metron parameter determines the recording modes in which the metronome will play. With Metron set to Off, the metronome doesnʹt play at all. With Metron set to Rec, the metronome only plays while recording is in progress. With Metron set to Always, the metronome plays during playback and recording. With Metron set to CountOff, the metronome plays only during count off (if the CountOff parameter on the METRONOME page is set to something other than Off.) 12-11
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The FX Pages
Song Mode: The FX Pages
The four Song mode FX pages—FX, AUX1, AUX2, and Master Effects—work the same way as the Effects mode pages—EffectsEnable, Aux 1 Override, Aux 2 Override, and Master Effects. See Effect Mode and the Effects Pages on page 9‐4 for information on editing these pages.
Song Mode: The MIXER Page
The MIXER page shows the current settings for the program number, panning, and volume of each track (in groups of 8). The selected track number, as well as the range of tracks displayed on the page, are displayed in the upper right‐hand corner of the screen. Use the Chan/Layer buttons or the cursor buttons to change the currently selected track. To get to other pages of tracks, continue scrolling past the first or last track on the page. The bottom part of the screen displays current settings for the selected track including program number and name, panning, and volume. Changing the settings for a track’s program, volume, or panning while the sequencer is recording will record these changes, viewable in the corresponding track’s EVENT page. Upon playback, these automated mixer parameters will display their changing values in real‐time on the MIXER page. Below is an example MIXER page:
Parameter
Range of Values
Current Pan (Pan)
0 to 127
None
Current Volume (Vol)
0 to 127
None
Current Program (Prg)
Program List
None
Output (Out)
Auto, Pri., Sec.
Auto
Bottom Line
(For Selected Track)
Default
Current Program (Cur) **
Program List
(Current Program)
Current Volume (Vol) **
0 to 127
127
Current Pan (Pan) **
0 to 127
64
**Uneditable, these values are an expanded view of the mixer values for the currently selected track, which can be edited in the first three rows of the MIXER page.
Out
Use the Out parameter to set the rear panel audio outputs used for each track of the current song. This parameter determines the output settings for the main program signal and insert effects of each track (for Aux effects output settings, use the Output parameter on the Song Mode AUX1 or AUX2 pages.) 12-12
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The METRONOME Page
A setting of Auto will make that track output audio based on the settings for the program used by that track. Program output settings are set in the Program Editor using the Output parameter on the top line of PROG FX page (see Output on page 6‐48 for details) or the Output parameter on the LAYER FX page (see page 6‐49 for details.) A setting of Pri. (primary) will output track audio to the MAIN Balanced Analog Outputs. A setting of Sec. (secondary) will output track audio to the AUX Balanced Analog Outputs. The Rec, Play, and Stop Soft Buttons
These soft buttons function as described in The Rec, Play, and Stop Soft Buttons on page 12‐7.
The Keep Soft Button
Pressing the Keep soft button captures the current settings for each track’s program, panning, and volume as the initial settings. Remember to save if you want these change to be permanent!
The Done Soft Button
If no changes were made in the MIXER page, pressing the Done soft button calls up the MAIN page. If changes were made, pressing the Done soft button calls up the “Save Changes” dialog.
Song Mode: The METRONOME Page
All of the parameters affecting the sequencer metronome are on the METRONOME page. Like the other pages in the Song Editor, you can save changes made in this page.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Metronome
Off, Rec, Always
Rec
Count Off
Off, 1, 2, 3, 4 (StartOnly, Always)
1 (StartOnly)
Program
Program List
998 Click Track
Channel
1 to 16
16
Strong Note
0 to 127
102
Strong Velocity
0 to 127
127
Soft Note
0 to 127
104
Soft Velocity
0 to 127
100
12-13
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The METRONOME Page
Metronome
This parameter determines the recording modes in which the metronome plays. With Metronome set to Off, the metronome never plays. With Metronome set to Rec, the metronome only plays during recording. With Metronome set to Always, the metronome plays during playback and recording. With Metronome set to CountOff, the metronome plays only during count off (if the CountOff parameter is set to something other than Off.) CountOff
This parameter determines the number of measures the PC3 will count off before recording. With StartOnly selected, the PC3 will only count off at the beginning of a sequence. With Always selected, the PC3 will count off from any point in a sequence. Program
This parameter determines the program with which the metronome is played. If you wanted a piano for a metronome, for instance, you could set Program to a piano program. The default program is 998 Click Track.
Channel
This parameter determines the MIDI channel to which the metronome program and events are sent.
Strong Note
This parameter determines the MIDI number of the note played by the metronome for the downbeats (the “1” of each measure).
Strong Vel
This parameter determines the velocity of the note played by the metronome for the downbeats (the “1” of each measure).
Soft Note
This parameter determines the MIDI number of the note played by the metronome for the upbeats (the “2,” “3,” and “4” of each measure).
Soft Vel
This parameter determines the velocity of the note played by the metronome for the upbeats (the “2,” “3,” and “4” of each measure).
The Rec, Play, and Stop Soft Buttons
These soft buttons function as described in The Rec, Play, and Stop Soft Buttons on page 12‐7.
The Done Soft Button
If no changes were made in the METRONOME page, pressing the Done soft button calls up the MAIN page. If changes were made, pressing the Done soft button calls up the “Save Changes” dialog.
12-14
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The Filter Pages (RECFLT and PLYFLT)
Song Mode: The Filter Pages (RECFLT and PLYFLT)
On the RECFLT and PLYFLT pages you can specify what event are ignored during, respectively, recording and playback. Both pages have the same parameters with the same ranges of values, but you would use the RECFLT page to configure recording event‐filtering, and the PLYFLT page to configure playback event‐filtering.
Below is the RECFLT page.
Parameter
Note Filter
Controller Filter
Pitch Bend
Range of Values
Default
Notes
On, Off
On
Low Key
C -1 to G 9
C -1
Hi Key
C -1 to G 9
G9
Low Velocity
0 to 127
0
Hi Velocity
0 to 127
127
Controllers
On, Off
On
Controller
ALL, MIDI Control Source List
ALL
Low Value
0 to 127
0
Hi Value
0 to 127
127
On, Off
On
Program Change
On, Off
On
Mono Pressure
On, Off
On
Poly Pressure
On, Off
On
Notes
With Notes set to Off, all notes are ignored during recording/playback. With Notes set to On, only the notes within the specified note range with velocities within specified velocity range are recorded/played.
LoKey
LoKey determines the lowest key that is recorded/played back when Notes is set to On.
Hi
The Hi to the right of LoKey determines the highest key that is recorded/played back when Notes is set to On.
12-15
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The Filter Pages (RECFLT and PLYFLT)
LoVel
LoVel determines the lowest note on/off velocity that is recorded/played back when Notes is set to On.
Hi
The Hi to the right of LoVel determines the highest note on/off velocity that is recorded/played back when Notes is set to On.
Controllers
With Controllers set to Off, all controllers are ignored during recording/playback. With Controllers set to On, controller data only of the specified controller and only within the specified value range are recorded/played.
Controller
The Controller parameter determines which controller(s) is/are recorded/played back when Controllers is set to On.
LoVal
LoVal determines the lowest value for the specified controller that is recorded/played back when Controllers is set to On.
Hi
The Hi to the right of LoVal determines the highest value for that specified controller that is recorded/played back when Controllers is set to On.
PitchBend
This parameter enables/disables pitch bend events to be recorded/played back.
ProgChange
This parameter enables/disables program changes to be recorded/played back—this includes Controllers 0 and 32 (bank change).
MonoPress
This parameter enables/disables monophonic key pressure events to be recorded/played back.
PolyPress
This parameter enables/disables polyphonic key pressure events to be recorded/played back.
The Rec, Play, and Stop Soft Buttons
These soft buttons function as described in The Rec, Play, and Stop Soft Buttons on page 12‐7.
12-16
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The MISC Page
The Done Soft Button
If no changes were made in the RECFLT/PLYFLT page, pressing the Done soft button calls up the MAIN page. If changes were made, pressing the Done soft button calls up the “Save Changes” dialog.
Song Mode: The MISC Page
The MISC page contains five miscellaneous (but very important and useful) sequencer parameters. The MISC page appears below:
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Control Chase
On, Off
On
Quantize
Off, 1 to 100%
Off
Grid Resolution
1/1 to 1/480
1/8
Swing
-100% to 125%
0
Release Quantization
Yes, No
No
Key Wait
Off, On
Off
Control Chase
A common shortcoming of many older sequencers is that when you start a sequence at some point in the middle of sequence, the controllers remain at their current levels until the sequencer comes across a controller event. Control Chase remedies this (generally) undesired behavior.
When Control Chase is On, all non‐note MIDI events from the beginning of the song up to the current time are computed, and the most recent non‐note MIDI event is sent out before starting playback. This ensures that the volume, panning, program changes, and other controllers for the song are correct, regardless of where you start the song. With Control Chase set to Off, the sequencer behaves as previously described.
Quant
The Quantize parameter determines the amount of real‐time quantization (if any) applied to the sequence during recording. The percentage specified for this parameter is the amount of quantization the sequencer applies to the grid (see below) for each Note event recorded.
Note that using real‐time quantization has the same effect as recording normally, and then using the Quantize Track Editing operation.
12-17
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Mode: The STATS Page
Grid
The grid parameter determines the resolution of quantization and the position of the grid points.
Swing
The Swing parameter determines the amount (in units of percent) of “swing” applied during quantization.
Release
The Release parameter determines whether or not note‐off events are quantized.
Key Wait
With Key Wait set to on, a key strike will trigger playback of a sequence (if the play/pause button is armed,) or trigger recording of a sequence (if the record button is armed.)
Song Mode: The STATS Page
The STATS page is a display‐only page that shows the status of the PC3 event pool. The event pool is used by all the sequences loaded at a given time in the system. These include: the current song, the compare song buffer, and up to 16 riffs.
The STATS page shown below is the state of the PC3 event pool with 0*New Song* selected, and no other user objects loaded in any other modes:
The events in the PC3 are similar to events of other sequencers with a single major difference: the Note events are stored as a single big event, i.e., one PC3 Note event is comprised of the note‐on and note‐off events. All other events are stored as single events on the PC3.
The fields on the STATS page are:
12-18
•
Max – the maximum number of notes/events in memory.
•
Used – the total number of notes/events being used.
•
Free – the number of notes/events that are free.
•
Part. – the number of partitioned events, which are events for which space in memory is allocated. This is technical information of importance only to engineers (and maybe a few power users).
Song Mode and the Song Editor
The Song Editor
•
Song – the total number of events (including notes) in the current song.
•
Temp – the total number of events in the temp buffer (the temp buffer is used when grabbing events from a different song).
•
Riffs 1–16 – the total number of events in each riff.
The Song Editor
In general, you’ll get to the Song editor pages by pressing the Edit button any time you’re in Song mode. There’s one exception: if the Program parameter is currently highlighted on the display, you’ll enter the Program editor when you press Edit.
There are a few conventions shared by all of the Song editor pages. Displayed at the top of each Song editor page is the name of the page and the currently selected track (1–16, or all tracks). All of the values for the parameters found in any of the Song‐editor pages are saved in the song object.
Song Editor: The COMMON Page
Press the Edit button on the front panel of the PC3 to display the COMMON page and begin editing a song. This is where you will find parameters common to all tracks, such as tempo and time signature, control parameters for effects, and soft buttons for switching to other Song editor pages.
Parameter
Range of Values
Default
Tempo
0 (external), 20.00 to 400.00 BPM
120
(Numerator)
1 to 99
4
(Denominator)
1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, and 64
4
FX Track
1 to 16
1
Drum Track
–, D
–
MIDI Destination
–, L, M, U
L
Time Signature
The top line of this page displays the selected track or tracks. Select the available current track for editing by using the Chan/Layer buttons.
Although the current track information is displayed on the top line, the COMMON page’s parameters are global settings for the song and do not directly affect individual tracks.
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Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: The COMMON Page
Tempo
This is another place where the song’s initial tempo can be set or modified.
TimeSig
Affects the click, playback looping, and locate function as well as some editing operations. Does not change the recorded data, though it does change the way data is displayed on the screen.
FX Track
The PC3 uses the channel of the track specified for FX Track as the Aux FX channel.
DrumTrack
Any of the song’s tracks can be defined as Drum Tracks so that their Note events do not get transposed when a transposition is applied in riffs and setups.
This feature is particularly useful when a drum kit program (or any other non‐pitched program) is used in a song, and you want the sounds produced by each note number in that program to be preserved in each transposition. If in the song being used as a step in an riff or setup (NOT the riff or setup song itself), there is a (D) designating the track playing the drum program as a Drum Track, the originally recorded Note events on that track will remain unchanged.
The Drum Tracks’ settings do not have any effect on edits made on the TRACK page in the Song Editor. Any tracks defined as Drum Tracks are transposed when a transposition is applied to these tracks from the TRACK page.
MidiDst
The MIDI data on each track has a destination assignment selectable with the TrackDest parameter. There are four possible indicators:
L = Local. The track’s MIDI data will be transmitted locally only, to the PC3’s internal sound generator. None of the track’s MIDI data will be sent to the USB or MIDI Out port.
M = MIDI. The track’s MIDI data will be transmitted only to the MIDI Out.
U = USB MIDI. The track’s MIDI data will be transmitted only to the USB port.
––– = None.
Pairs and groups of the above letters indicate that MIDI is being sent to each letter’s corresponding destination.
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Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: The TRACK Page
Soft Buttons on the COMMON Page
TRACK – calls up the TRACK page. This page accesses useful track based edit functions. There is a selectable edit function that can be applied to the selected track or all tracks in your song. The TRACK page is described on page 12‐21.
EVENT – calls up the EVENT page, an event‐list style editor. On the EVENT page in the Song Editor, you can scroll through, modify, add, or delete any or all of the tracks’ MIDI events. The EVENT page is described on page 12‐31.
Rec, Play, and Stop – function as described in The Rec, Play, and Stop Soft Buttons on page 12‐7.
Save – calls up the “Save as” dialog.
Song Editor: The TRACK Page
This page allows you access to useful track‐based edit functions. These functions are:
Erase
Shift
Copy
Transpose
Bounce
Grab
Insert
Change
Delete
Remap
Quantize
For each function, there is a set of parameters to control how the function operates, and on what region of the selected track(s). As usual, the top line of this page displays the selected track or tracks. Select the available current track(s) for editing by using the Chan/Layer buttons. Press both of the Chan/Layer buttons together to select All tracks.
Below is an example of the TRACK page for the Bounce function.
You will notice that the page is divided into two halves, with the right half being a separate box This is called the Region/Criteria box. The parameters in this box are used to select the range of events (from a start Bar and Beat to and end Bar and Beat) for modification, as well as which types of events function will affect.
The parameters in this box will generally be the same for most functions. For some functions, however, some parameters may not apply. For example, Quantize and Transpose apply only to notes, while Remap applies only to Controllers. In addition to the Region/Criteria box parameters, the Locate parameter is also found on each function.
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Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: The TRACK Page
Since these parameters are common to most Track functions, we will define them first. Then we’ll describe the individual functions along with the parameters specific to each, which are normally found on the left side of the page. The function Quantize has unique parameter in its Region/Criteria boxes. We’ll describe those parameters along with the functions.
Once you’ve chosen a function and set the parameters to your liking, press Go. This executes the editing function. You can then play the sequence to hear the results of your edit. If you don’t like your edit, simply exit the editor and press No when you are asked if you want to save. If you do like your edit, you can press Done and then Save, or just exit the editor and save the changes. Or, you can go to another edit function. Keep in mind though, that if you choose to perform more than one edit without saving, and you are not satisfied with one of the changes you make, you will have to exit the editor without saving and then redo each of the changes you made. That’s why it’s usually best to save after each successful edit.
Common Parameters for Edit Song: Track Functions
Locate
This parameter is available for every function on the TRACK page. It appears at the lower left hand corner of the page.
The Locate bar, beat, and tick will change in real time during playback and recording to reflect the song’s current position. It can be set to any bar, beat, and tick, including negative values. Playback begins at, and Stop resets the song to the Locate bar, beat, and tick.
Region/Criteria Box Parameters
From and To
From and To are available in most TRACK edit functions to define a range of time on the selected track(s).
The From value defines the first bar, beat, and tick in a range of time selected for editing. The To value defines the final bar, beat, and tick in a range of time selected for editing.
Events
Any and all types of MIDI events are available for editing, selectable in this parameter. Some events will provide you with settings for a range of values, or other MIDI event specific criteria. Available Values are: All, Notes, Controllers, MonoPress, PitchBend, ProgChange, PolyPress.
When Events is set to ALL, all MIDI events on the track(s) you are editing, that occur in the region of time between the From and To settings, will be affected by the edit function.
When Events is set to Notes, note number and velocity ranges can be set for Note events.
LoKey
Determines the lowest note in a range of notes to be affected. This can be set to any MIDI note value; the default is C‐1.
High Key (Hi)
Determines the highest note in a range of notes to be affected. This can be set to any MIDI note value; the default is G9.
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Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: The TRACK Page
LoVel
An attack velocity range can be specified as criteria for selecting Note events for editing. The LoVel parameter sets the lowest velocity a Note needs to have in order to be edited. Notes on the selected track(s) with a attack velocities lower than the LoVel will not be affected by the edit. The available values are 1–127; the default is 1.
High Velocity (Hi)
The Hi parameter sets the highest attack velocity a Note needs to have in order to be edited. Notes on the selected track(s) with attack velocities higher than the value of Hi are not affected by the edit. The available values are 1–127; the default is 127.
When Events is set to Controller, the Controller(s) and a Controller value range can be set for Controller events.
Controller
The Controller parameter selects the Controller (if any) or all Controllers to be affected.
LoVal
You may further specify a particular range of values to edit by setting a high and low value. LoVal will define the lowest modifiable value in the selected controller’s recorded data. Value ranges are not definable when Ctl is set to All. Available Values are 0–127.
High Value (Hi)
Hi defines the highest modifiable value in the selected controller’s recorded data. Value ranges are not definable when Ctl is set to All. Available Values are 0–127.
Soft Buttons on the TRACK Page
FromTo is a quick way to define the region of time you intend to edit. There are a couple of ways to use this feature when the sequence is playing back in real time, and both ways will set the temporal boundaries of the region.
One way is to first position the cursor over the From parameter in the Region/Criteria box and then press the Play soft button. During playback, every time you press FromTo, the PC3 updates the value of From to match the current playback location. Position the cursor over the To parameter to change the value of To in a similar fashion.
If you haven’t selected either the From or To parameter, pressing FromTo during playback updates From or To—or both—depending on the current playback location (the value of the Locate parameter) at the time you press FromTo. If you press it while the Locate value is earlier in the song than the current To value, the PC3 updates the From value. If you press FromTo again (without stopping playback) while the Locate value is later than the current From value, the PC3 updates the To value.
Play will start the playback of the song from the Bar and Beat set in the Locate parameter. When the song is playing, this soft button functions as a Pause button.
Stop stops the playback of the song and return to the Bar and Beat set as the Locate value.
Go performs any of the Track‐based edit functions described above.
Done will return you to the EditSong : COMMON page.
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Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: Track Functions
Song Editor: Track Functions
Erase
This function erases specified events from a region of time, but it doesn’t delete the region of time. The result is like erasing a section of recording tape. If you want to completely remove a segment and shorten the length of the track, you can do it with the Delete function.
Copy
Use the Copy function to duplicate the selected events from the current track and place them in the same track or on another track, either merging with or overwriting existing data.
If you do not want to copy all of the MIDI events in the defined range of time on the current track, use the Events parameter in the Region/Criteria box to select a specific MIDI event type you would like the edit function to affect. Some event types provide you more criteria selection parameters. It is often a good idea to set Events to Notes when copying, and then add any necessary controller or other data to the track at a later time.
DstTrack: 1 to 16 / All
Select a destination track for the copied events with the DstTrack parameter. All selected events described in the Region/Criteria box will be placed in the destination track(s) at any Bar and Beat you specify.
If the currently selected track is All tracks then the destination track will be All tracks as well.
No matter what channel the current track (source track) is set to when you use the copy function, the events will be played on the destination track’s channel.
Location: Bars : Beats : Ticks
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Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: Track Functions
Specify a bar, beat, and tick location in the destination track where the copied data will be placed with the Location parameter. If the length of the copied region extends from the Location point beyond the song’s existing End point, a new End point is defined.
Mode: Merge/Erase/Slide
The Mode setting determines whether the copied events merge with, or erase existing events on the destination track from the location point to the end of the copied region. With Mode set to Slide, the sequencer creates space for the new events, and slides the existing events to uniformly later times in the song.
Times: 1 to 127
The value selected for the Times parameter determines how many copies of the selected region are placed, one after another, in the destination track.
Bounce
Use the Bounce function to move the selected events from the current track to another track, either merging with or overwriting existing data on the destination track. The Bounce function differs from the Copy function in that the original data is not preserved in the original track. As on a multi‐track tape recorder, Bounce will always put the data in the same timeline on the new track that it was on the old track.
DstTrack: 1 to 16
Select a destination track for the events to be moved to with the DstTrack parameter. All selected events described in the Region/Criteria box will be placed in the destination track at the data’s original location.
No matter what channel the current track (source track) is set to when you use the bounce function, the events will be played on the destination track’s channel.
Mode: Merge/Erase
The Mode setting determines whether the bounced events merge with, or erase existing events on the destination track from the location point to the end of the copied region.
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Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: Track Functions
Insert
The Insert function is used to add blank time to the current song, modifying the song’s End point appropriately. The Insert function will affect all tracks. This is similar to splicing a piece of blank tape to an existing segment of recording tape.
Location: Bars : Beats : Ticks
The insertion point for the blank time being added is selected as a Bar and Beat Location value. Events that occurred at or after this Bar and Beat, before you insert time, are not erased when you perform this function, rather they are offset by the length of the blank time being added to a Bar and Beat later in the song.
Amount: Bars : Beats : Ticks
The length of the blank time being added is defined as a number of Bars and Beats in the Amount parameter.
There are no Region/Criteria parameters available for the Insert function.
Delete
The Delete function is used to remove a region of time from the current song. This function is different from the erase function because not only does it remove the events from the selected time, it will delete the entire selected range of time from the song, modifying the song’s End point appropriately (on all tracks). This is similar to cutting a section out of a tape and splicing the ends.
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Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: Track Functions
Quantize
Use the Quantize function to adjust the timing of Note events. Keep in mind that only Note events are quantized; other types of events, such as controllers, are not quantized.
Quant: Off/1 to 100%
The Quantize parameter determines how much the selected Note events are moved towards grid locations. If set to Off, no aligning of previously recorded notes to grid locations will occur. If set to 100%, every recorded Note event will be aligned to the closest grid location, defined by the Grid setting. Notes will be moved to a position half way between the grid location and the original Note‐event location if Quant is set to 50%.
Grid: 1/1 to 1/480
This setting determines the size of the Quantize grid, expressed as a fraction of a Bar with a 4/4 meter. Set Grid to 1/1 for whole note grid, 1/16 for sixteenth notes. All of the standard note durations and every fractional Bar divisions in between are available as the size of the Input Quantize grid.
Swing: ‐100 to 125%
The Swing percentage is applied to the quantize grid. 0% swing is straight time, 100% produces a swing feel (triplet feel). A positive Swing value determines how close every other grid location is moved to a point 1/3 of the way towards the next grid point. Negative Swing moves every other grid location closer to a point 1/3 of the way towards the previous grid point.
Release: Yes/No
Set the Release parameter to Yes if you would like each quantized Note event’s Note Off message to be aligned to the grid location nearest to the time the key was originally released.
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Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: Track Functions
Shift
The Shift function allows you to offset the existing MIDI events forward or backward in time any number of ticks (1/480th of a Beat) and beats. This function only affects the End point if any of the shifted events are after the End point of the song.
Events can not be shifted beyond the End point or before Bar 1 : Beat 1 : Tick 0. The events can be shifted only as far as these temporal boundaries. All events that can’t be shifted the full Ticks amount will be placed at the boundary location.
Amount: Bars : Beats : Ticks
The Ticks parameter specifies the number of bars, beats, and ticks that the MIDI events, from within the selected region, are moved forward (for positive values) or backward (for negative values) in time relative to their original locations.
Mode: Merge/Erase
The Mode setting determines whether the shifted events merge with, or erase existing events on the destination track from the location point to the end of the shifted region.
Transpose
Use the Transpose function to change the MIDI Note numbers of the selected Note events.
Semitone: ‐128 to 127 semitones
An increment of one semitone represents a change of one MIDI Note number. You can transpose Note events only within the range of MIDI Note numbers 0 to 127.
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Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: Track Functions
Grab
Grab is similar to the Copy function, except that the Grab function allows you to copy selected data from tracks that exist in other songs in memory.
SrcSong: Song List
The Source Song parameter is set to the ID and name of the song in memory that contains the desired track data you wish to grab in order to use it in the current song. The source track is determined by the Track parameter displayed on upper right hand side of the page, selectable with the Chan/Layer buttons.
DstTrack: 1 to 16/All
Select a destination track for the grabbed events with the DstTrack parameter. All selected events from the source song and track described in the Region/Criteria box will be placed in the destination track(s) at any bar, beat, and tick you specify.
If the currently selected track is All tracks then the destination track will be All tracks as well.
No matter what channel the current track (source track in the source song) is set to when you use the grab function, the events will be played on the destination track’s channel.
Location: Bars : Beats : Ticks
Specify a bar, beat, and tick location in the destination track where the grabbed data will be placed with the Location parameter. If the length of the grabbed region extends from the Location point beyond the song’s existing End point, a new End point is defined.
Mode: Merge/Erase/Slide
The Mode setting determines whether the grabbed events merge with, or erase existing events on the destination track from the location point to the end of the grabbed region. With Mode set to Slide, the sequencer creates space for the new events, and slides the existing events to uniformly later times in the song.
Times: 1 to 127
The value selected for the Times parameter determines how many copies of the selected region are placed, one after another, in the destination track.
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Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: Track Functions
Change
The Change function is used to modify attack velocities, release velocities, or the values of any existing controller data on the current track. A static change of values can be made as well as having the change take place over a region of time.
Change can not modify or add data that doesn’t exist on the current track. If you hear Note events played back on a track, then you know there is an attack and release velocity value for each one, and the effect of the Change function can usually be easily detected. Controller values are sometimes more difficult to change since there can be inconsistent gaps of time between each controller event.
Scale: 0% to 20000%
The selected velocity or controller events’ values can be changed to a percentage of the original values determined by the Scale parameter. A setting of 100% has no affect. Values are scaled lower with a Scale percentage set from 0% to 99%. Low values can be set higher using a Scale percentage above 100% on up to 20,000%, although the maximum value of 127 can not be exceeded for any velocity or controller type.
Offset: ‐128 to 127
Offset can be used alone or in conjunction with Scale to add or subtract a set amount to or from the original (or scaled) values. Values for velocities can not be less than 1 or greater than 127. Values for controllers can not be less than 0 or greater than 127.
As an example, to set all Velocities to a value of 55, you would set Scale to 0% (multiplies all original values by zero) and set Offset to 55 (adds 55 to the product of the Scale parameter).
Mode: Constant/PosRamp/NegRamp
Set Mode to Constant to have values modified in a uniform fashion, as determined by the Scale and Offset settings, for the entire selected region of time and range of values.
When the Change function is applied with Mode set to PosRamp, the selected velocity or controller values will gradually change over the region of time, defined by the locations set for the From and To parameters, from the original value to the new value determined by the Scale and Offset settings. The first events being modified within the region will have little or no change from their original values. The amount of Scale and Offset applied will increase as the song approaches the Bar and Beat defined in the To parameter, where the full amount of described change will occur.
You can set Mode to NegRamp to achieve the opposite dynamic effect of PosRamp. NegRamp works in the same way, but the amount of Scale and Offset applied will decrease from the full amount of change described by Scale and Offset to little or no change as the song approaches the bar, beat, and tick defined in the To parameter.
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Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: The EVENT Page
Remap
Use the Remap function to apply the values of any one type of controller data, already recorded on a track, to another controller type. The effect the real time changes of the “Old” controller had will be replaced by the effect the “New” controller has by using the exact same controller values.
Old: Control Source List (0 to 120)
The “Old” Controller is set to the Controller type that you wish to remap. This Controller data must already exist on the current track in order to apply it to the “New” Controller type.
New: Control Source List (0 to 120)
The “New” parameter is set to the Controller code you wish to have use the existing values, once used by the “Old” Controller, to produce a different effect.
Song Editor: The EVENT Page
Every type of recorded MIDI event is visible from this page. You can view and change these events if necessary. Each track displays its initial program, volume, and pan at the top of its event list. You can also access the tempo track (instructions below.)
Location
Initial
Program,
Volume,
Pan
Bar:Beat:Tick
Event Type and Value
--
The top line of the page displays the current song position in the center, and the currently selected track and corresponding channel on the right. Use the Chan/Layer buttons to select an active track to view and edit the MIDI events recorded on it. 12-31
Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: The EVENT Page
To scroll through the events, make sure the location (Bar and Beat, in the first column) is highlighted. Use the Alpha Wheel, the Up and Down cursor buttons, or the Plus/Minus buttons. As you scroll through the events, each event is executed by the sequencer. In the case of Note events, you will hear the note played, although the duration will be short. If you have scrolled through a Sustain (MIDI Controller 64) message with an On value then you will hear the note sustain as if the sustain pedal was depressed. The note will continue to sustain until you scroll through a Sustain message with a value of Off.
You can also jump directly to a specific bar and beat by typing the bar number and beat number, then pressing Enter. Keep in mind if you have controller or program data previous to the point that you jump to, those events may not have been executed and you may hear unexpected results. For example, if you have program changes at bar 1 and bar 8, and you jump from bar 1 to bar 9, any notes you scroll through will be played with the program change from bar 1.
Initial Program, Volume, Pan
At the top of the event list for each track, you can view and change the initial program, volume and pan settings for the current track. See Song Mode: The MAIN Page on page 12‐1 for details on initial settings for program, volume, and pan. Each of these parameters can be set to NONE by entering 0 on the alphanumeric pad and then pressing the minus button to find NONE.
Location
The first column represents the Bar and Beat Locations of the different events in a song. Scroll through the events on the selected track(s) with the Alpha Wheel or enter in a specific Bar and Beat on the alphanumeric button pad to jump to events occurring on that Beat. A quick way to jump to the End point in a track is to press 9999 and then Enter on the alphanumeric button pad.
Bar, Beat, and Tick
Bar, Beat, and Tick are editable parameters for each event. They determine when an event happens relative to the other events within the song.
Event Type and Value
The Event Type and Value region displays the MIDI event type (and related information) at each Event‐list location in the song. Different event types display different kinds of information, and have different editable values.
The event type is the left‐most field. You can highlight this field and change the event type. MIDI note events are denoted by a “>” followed by the note name. The “>” is effectively the event type for notes, and to change the event type, highlight the “>.” To change the note, highlight the note name.
Table 12‐1 lists the ranges of the editable event values:
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Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: The EVENT Page
Event Type
Values
Program Change (PCHG)
0 to 127
Pitch Bend (BEND)
-8192 to 8191
Mono Pressure (MPRS)
0 to 127
Poly Pressure (PPRS)
0 to 127
C -1 to G 9
Note events have four editable values: Note Name, Attack
Velocity (indicated by a “v”), Release Velocity (indicated by
a “^”), and Note Duration.
MIDI Note Events (>)
MIDI Controller Events (CTRL)
Tempo Change
Table 12-1
Note Number
C -1 to G 9
Attack Velocity
v1 to v127
Release Velocity
^1 to ^127
Note Duration
Bar : Beats : Ticks
Controller events have two editable values: Controller Type
and Controller Value. Defined controllers are referred to by
their names.
Controller Type
Control Source List (0 to 127)
Controller Value
0 to 127
20.00 BPM to 400.00 BPM
MIDI-event Value Ranges
Soft Buttons on the EVENT Page
Cut: Removes the currently selected event from the Event list and temporarily stores it in a memory buffer so that you can immediately paste it into a new location.
Copy: Makes a duplicate of the currently selected event and temporarily stores it in a memory buffer so that you can immediately paste it into a new location.
Paste: Inserts the most recent cut or copied event into the Event list at the currently selected Bar : Beat : Tick location. The pasted event will share the same location with the event that already existed at that location in the Event list, but it will appear before the pre‐existing event.
New: Inserts a new event by duplicating the current event.
Done: On the View page, returns to the EVENT page. On the EVENT page, returns to the COMMON page.
Tempo Track
To access the tempo track, use the channel up/down buttons to navigate to track 1, then press channel down. The tempo track functions the same as the other tracks, except the only event type available is tempo change.
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Song Mode and the Song Editor
Song Editor: The EVENT Page
12-34
Storage Mode
Storage Mode Page
Chapter 13
Storage Mode
Use Storage mode to load, save, back up, and copy files between the PC3 and the outside world. Storage Mode can load and save with an xD card or with a computer by using the USB port. Storage Mode features include:
•
Save a group of PC3 objects (Programs, Setups, Songs, etc.) or a single PC3 object to a .PC3 file (see The STORE Page on page 13‐5.)
•
Load a group of objects or a single object from a .PC3 or compatible file (see The LOAD Page on page 13‐8 for details.) (See Appendix E for file compatibility details.)
•
Load a standard MIDI sequence file (.MID file) which can be played in Song Mode or used as a riff in Setup Mode (see The LOAD Page on page 13‐8 for details.)
•
Export a song from Song mode as a standard MIDI sequence file (see Export on page 13‐13.) •
Export a list of controller assignments or a list of objects (see Export on page 13‐13.) •
Organize files and folders on an xD card (see The Utilities (UTILS) Page on page 13‐12.)
Storage Mode Page
To enter Storage mode, press the Storage Mode button, and the Storage mode page will appear:
Use this page to select the storage device you wish to use. The currently selected device will be read from or written to when you load, save, rename, or delete files in Storage mode. In the center of the page the currently selected storage device is highlighted. Use the cursor buttons, ‐/+ buttons or the alpha wheel to select one of the two storage devices. (You can also select the USB drive by pressing the USBDrv soft button.) When the USB drive is selected, there will be a prompt telling you that the USB‐MIDI connection will be disconnected. You must acknowledge this prompt to continue. When no device is present, this page reads Card Slot Empty and USB: No connection. When an xD card is available, this card slot line displays Card: followed by the xD card size and manufacturer. When the USB port is connected to a computer, the USB port line displays USB Temporary Drive. The top right‐hand corner of the page displays the currently selected storage destination, Card or USB Temporary.
13-1
Storage Mode
Storage Mode Page
After selecting a storage device, use the soft buttons on the Storage Mode page to start one of the available operations:
STORE Save objects as a .PC3 file on the current device.
LOAD
Load objects or MIDI files from the current device into PC3 memory.
UTILS
Organize files and folders on an xD card.
USBDrv Select the USB drive.
EXPORT
Export a MIDI file, a list of controller assignments or a list of objects.
Format Format the currently loaded xD card.
Using xD Cards
You can use xD cards for all your backup and storage requirements. The PC3 is compatible with xD cards type S (up to 512MB) or type M+ (up to 1 GB) formatted FAT16. (The PC3 does NOT support type M or type H xD cards.) The xD card slot is on the back panel of the PC3, but it is easily accessible from the front of the instrument – just run your hand along the back panel at the right end (as viewed from the front); the blue light of the card slot will reflect off your hand. The gold contacts on the card must be facing up when you insert it into the PC3. You can remove an xD card anytime the blue “Storage Active” LED on the front panel is unlit.
Caution: Do not remove an xD card while the blue LED is lit; this can cause data corruption.
Formatting an xD Card
See Format on page 13‐13.
Using The USB Drive
You can transfer files directly to a computer that is equipped with a USB port by using the USB port on the back panel of the PC3. Connect a USB cable from the PC3’s USB port to a USB port on your computer. Enter Storage mode and select the USB drive, there will be a prompt telling you that the USB‐MIDI connection will be disconnected. You must acknowledge this prompt to continue. A virtual drive named PC3 will appear on your computer’s desktop. Load files from your computer to your PC3 by first putting files on the PC3 virtual drive, then pressing the LOAD soft button in Storage mode (see The LOAD Page on page 13‐8 for details.) When loading, follow the instructions on the display to eject the virtual drive before loading. Your computer may show a device removal warning after using the virtual drive. You may disregard this warning without worries of damage to your PC3 or computer.
When you save files with the USB drive connected (see The STORE Page on page 13‐5,) saved files will temporarily appear on the PC3 virtual drive on your computers desktop, and you then must copy your saved files to another location on your computer. You must copy data from the PC3 virtual drive to your computer’s drive or else the data will be lost.
When you exit Storage mode or select the xD card, there will be a prompt telling you that the USB‐MIDI connection will be restored. You must acknowledge this prompt to continue. Your computer may show a device removal warning after using the virtual drive. You may disregard this warning without worries of damage to your PC3 or computer.
Caution: Do not remove the USB cable while the display says Loading... or Saving.... this can cause data corruption.
13-2
Storage Mode
Storage Mode Common Features
Storage Mode Common Features
The following features are used in storage mode when saving or loading files.
Directories
A directory lets you group files together as you might separate documents using folders in a file cabinet. By default all storage devices have at least one “root” directory. To organize files in xD cards you can create additional directories, as well as subdirectories within directories. Directories appear in the file list with the indicator <dir> to the right of the directory name. See The Utilities (UTILS) Page on page 13‐12 for details on creating, deleting, and renaming directories.
Path
The Path field shows the current directory on the current device. This field is displayed when loading, saving, or exporting files in Storage mode. The PC3 always displays the root (top‐level) directory when you view a storage device. The root directory is displayed as a backslash:
Path:\
If you press the LOAD soft button and load a file from a subdirectory called BACKUPS, the Path field will appear as:
Path:\BACKUPS\
The backslash character is a directory separator, as in the following Path:
Path: \BACKUPS\ROCK\SETUPS\
This represents the directory SETUPS, which is a subdirectory of the ROCK directory, which is a subdirectory of the BACKUPS directory in the root directory. If the path is too long to fit on the top line of the display, it gets abbreviated. The maximum length of a path in the PC3 is 64 characters (including the backslash characters).
Common Dialogues
These are dialogues that the PC3 calls up when about to perform certain storage functions.
The Select Directory Dialogue
When storing an object—or group of objects—the PC3 prompt’s you to select a directory in which to save that object or group.
There are three navigating soft buttons on the left side of the bottom of the page:
NewDir Create new directory. Calls up the New Directory dialogue (see the following section)
Open
Opens the highlighted directory.
Parent
Moves you up one level in the directory hierarchy. If the display is already at the root directory, this button has no effect.
When you have chosen your directory, press the OK soft button to call up the File Name dialogue (see the following section) and complete the storing process.
13-3
Storage Mode
Storage Mode Common Features
The File Name/New Directory/Rename Dialogue
When you create a new file in Storage mode, create a new directory, or rename a file or directory, the PC3 prompts you to enter the object’s name. This File Name dialogue appears as shown below, although both the New Directory and Rename appear and function similarly to the File Name dialogue:
New file names will default to either FILENAME (after a powerup), or the name of the most recent file saved or loaded. New directory names will default to either DIRNAME (after a powerup), or the name of the most recent file saved or loaded. You can edit the name using the alphanumeric pad, alpha wheel, ‐/+ buttons, Left and Right cursor buttons, the Delete and Insert soft buttons, and the << and >> soft buttons. See Saving and Naming on page 5‐3 for more details on naming options.
Press the OK soft button to finish the operation. 13-4
Storage Mode
The STORE Page
The STORE Page
Pressing the STORE soft button calls up the Store page, where you can select groups of objects from the PC3 to store as a .PC3 file in the current storage device. Only user created or user edited objects can be stored. Note: To store an individual object or select objects individually instead of by range, press the Advnce soft button on this page to go to The Store Advanced Page. See The Store Advanced Page below for details.
At the top right of the page, the display shows how much memory is available in the current storage device. Along the bottom of the page are the Store page’s six soft buttons. Below is a description of the function of each soft button:
Select Select or deselect the highlighted Object/Type or Range/Bank. An asterix (*) appears to the left of selected entries.
Clear
Clear all selections in the current field. Note that if you press the Clear soft button while in the Range/Bank field, only selected Range/Bank entries are cleared; however, if press the Clear soft button while in the Object Type field, all selected entries in both fields are cleared.
SetRng
Set a custom range of object ID numbers to store. Note in the Range/Bank field that the last entry is 1...100 Range. You can set this range in the Set Range dialogue by pressing the SetRng soft button. If you try to set an invalid range—such as 102–23—
then the PC3 will inform you that the range is invalid.
Advnce Press the Advnce soft button to go to The Store Advanced Page where you can store an individual object or select objects individually instead of by range. See The Store Advanced Page below for details.
Store Store the selected objects to the current storage device. Pressing this soft button calls up the Select Directory dialogue.
Cancel Exits the Store page and returns you to the Storage mode page.
Storing Overview
To store user created or edited objects from the PC3, you must pick the type(s) of object(s) to save and select the object ID range(s) to save (see the sections below for details.) After selecting object type and range, press the Store soft button. If any objects within the selected range(s) have dependent RAM objects that have not been selected, you will be asked if you want to save dependent objects. Dependent objects should usually be saved.
After pressing the Store soft button you will be prompted to choose a directory to save to (see The Select Directory Dialogue on page 13‐3 for details.) Next, the File Name dialogue will appear (see The File Name/New Directory/Rename Dialogue on page 13‐4 for details.) Name the file, and press 13-5
Storage Mode
The STORE Page
OK (file names can be up to eight characters long.) When the file is saved, the PC3 adds an extension (.PC3) to the filename. Note that although .PC3 files are “collections” of objects, you can load individual objects for a .PC3 file if you want to. See Loading Individual Objects From A .PC3 Or Compatible File Type on page 13‐9.
Saving Master Files
Among your choices in the Object Type list are Master files. Master files consist primarily of the items on the Master mode pages and the MIDI mode pages, as well as the program selected for each MIDI channel in Program mode. Saving Master files is a good way to configure your PC3 (or another PC3) to your performance or sequencing needs. For example, you use an external sequencer with Program mode, you might save different Master files for every sequence you create for with external sequencer. Then, when you load the Master file, you would have all the correct programs assigned to the appropriate MIDI channels.
Select Object Type To Store
Use the Object Type list on the left side of the page to select the type(s) of object(s) to save. Scroll through the list using the alpha wheel, cursor buttons, or ‐/+ buttons. Use the Select soft button to select or deselect each object type. An asterix (*) appears to the left of selected entries. Select “All types” to select all object types.
Select Object Range To Store
Use the Range/Bank list on the right side of the page to select the range or ranges of ID numbers to save for the selected object type(s). Object ID numbers to save can be selected in groups of 128 objects (also known as banks, for example, objects 1...128, 129...256, etc.) All object ID numbers can be selected by selecting “Everything.” A custom range of object ID numbers can also be created using the SetRng soft button. The custom range is the last entry in the Range/Bank list, by default it is called “1...100 Range”, but the name of the entry changes to the range set with the SetRng soft button.
Scroll through the Range/Bank list using the alpha wheel, cursor buttons, or ‐/+ buttons. Use the Select soft button to select each bank range to save. An asterix (*) appears to the left of selected bank ranges. Ranges in the Range/Bank list must have a (u) symbol in order for object to be saved from that range. A Range/Bank list entry with a (u) symbol indicates that the range contains user created or edited objects which can be saved. The Store Advanced Page
Pressing the Advnce soft button calls up the Store Advanced page. On this page, you can select and store objects individually, rather than by range. The Store Advanced page lists every user edited object in the PC3. The objects are organized by numerical ID and object type.
There are five soft buttons on the Store Advanced page:
13-6
Select Select or deselect the highlighted object. An asterix (*) appears between the ID and object type of selected objects.
Next Scroll to next entry. Same function as pressing the Down or + buttons, or turning the Alpha Wheel one click clockwise.
Type Jump to next object type in the list.
Storage Mode
The STORE Page
Store Store the selected objects to the current storage device. Pressing this soft button calls up the Select Directory dialogue.
Cancel Exits the Store Advanced page.
Shortcuts when Storing Individual Objects
Selecting or deselecting all of the objects at once can be done with the following double‐presses (two front‐panel buttons simultaneously pressed):
•
Left/Right cursor double‐press: Select All Objects
•
Up/Down cursor double‐press: Clear All Selections
If you want to store most but not all of the items in a file (for example, if there are some songs in RAM that you don’t want to be stored in the file), it may be fastest to first select all objects using the Left/Right double‐press, and then manually deselect any unwanted items.
13-7
Storage Mode
The LOAD Page
The LOAD Page
Pressing the LOAD soft button calls up the LOAD page (see below,) where you can load groups of objects from .PC3, .P3K, .K26, .K25, or .KRZ files, load individual objects from within those files, or load a MIDI sequence file or files (.MID) from the current storage device. Use the cursor buttons, ‐/+ buttons or the alpha wheel to browse the files in the currently selected storage device. See below for descriptions of the soft buttons on this page, which help you browse and select the files in the currently selected storage device. After selecting the file or files to load, press the OK soft button, and you will be prompted to choose a bank to load the selected object(s) or MIDI file(s) into. See Loading Methods on page 13‐10 for instructions on choosing a bank to load to after pressing OK.
Note: When selecting a file to load, file names on the Load page that are longer than eight characters will be shortened to eight characters and spaces will be removed. (This has no effect on the names of objects stored within a .PC3 or other compatible file type.) When loading a MIDI file (.MID) to Song mode, the PC3 will attempt to use the MIDI file’s internal sequence name as the Song name. If the internal sequence name can not be loaded, the first eight characters of the file name will be used as the Song name. Shortened song names can be renamed in Song mode.
13-8
Select Select or deselect the highlighted file. An asterix (*) appears to the left of selected files. Multiple files can only be selected if they are in the same directory. Entering a new directory will deselect all files.
SelAll
Press the SelAll soft button to select or deselect all files in the current directory (directories within the current directory will not be selected.) Entering a new directory will deselect all files.
Parent
Moves you up one level in the directory hierarchy. If the display is already at the root directory, this button has no effect. Entering a new directory will deselect all files.
Open Open selected directory or view objects within a .PC3 file or other compatible Kurzweil file type for loading individual objects. See Loading Individual Objects From A .PC3 Or Compatible File Type below for instructions on opening .PC3 and other Kurzweil file types to view and load individual objects (see Appendix E for compatibility details.) Entering a new directory will deselect all files. Viewing objects within a .PC3 file or other Kurzweil file will deselect any other files that had been selected.
OK Load the selected .PC3 file(s) or other compatible Kurzweil file type, or load the selected MIDI (.MID) file(s). See Loading Methods on page 13‐10 for instructions on using the Load dialogue presented after pressing OK. Cancel Exits the Load page and returns you to the Storage mode page.
Storage Mode
The LOAD Page
Loading Individual Objects From A .PC3 Or Compatible File Type
Since a .PC3 file can contain over 3000 objects, it is often useful to load only a subset of the information contained in a file. You can select individual objects or groups of objects (programs, effects, songs) for loading from within a single .PC3, .P3K, .K26, .K25 or .KRZ file (see Appendix E for compatibility details.) Individual objects can be loaded from the LOAD page. Select a .PC3 or compatible file, then press the Open soft button. The PC3 scans the file contents in order to present a list of all of the objects in the file. Sometimes this procedure can take a few moments, depending on how many objects are in the file.
The objects in the list are grouped by type (program, setup, etc.). Scroll through the list using the alpha wheel, cursor buttons, or ‐/+ buttons. Each line in the list represents one object, and displays the object’s number in the list, as well as the object’s type, ID number, and name. The ID number of each object is the number that was used to reference the object when the file was last saved by the PC3. These numbers will usually be different after the objects are loaded, depending upon the bank (for example, 128...255) and mode that is specified for loading (see Loading Methods on page 13‐10 for details.)
Entering in a number from the alphanumeric buttonpad will jump to the indexed entry, and typing in a large number like 9999 will go to the end of the list.
The following soft buttons are used for selecting objects to load:
Select
Select or deselect an object.
Next
Jump to the next selected object in the list.
Type
Jump to the next object of a different type.
OK
Load the selected objects.
Cancel Exit back to the File List Dialog.
Press the Select button to select or deselect the highlighted object for loading. An asterisk (*) is placed to the left of the object index for any items that are selected. The Next button will cause the index into the list to jump to the next selected object, forward in the list. When the end of the list is reached, the search will wrap around from the beginning. If there are no items selected, then this button doesn’t do anything.
The Type button jumps to the next object of a different type from the one that is currently highlighted. This is a convenient way to find a particular type of object in the list.
When you are finished selecting objects to load, press OK and you will be prompted to choose a bank to load the selected object(s) into. See Loading Methods on page 13‐10 for instructions on choosing a bank to load to after pressing OK.
Cancel returns to the file list dialog, highlighting the file you just opened. Select All/deselect All
Selecting or deselecting all of the objects at once can be done with the following double button presses:
•
Left/Right cursor double‐press: Select All Objects
•
Up/Down cursor double‐press: Clear All Selections
13-9
Storage Mode
The LOAD Page
If you want to load most but not all of the items from a file (for example, if there happens to be a Master table in the file that you don’t want to load), it may be fastest to first select all objects using the Left/Right double‐press, and then manually deselect any unwanted items.
Loading Methods
Once you have pressed OK to load the selected file(s) or object(s), you must select the bank to load to and a loading method. This determines the object numbers that your loaded objects will have, and whether or not existing objects in the PC3 will be deleted when the new objects are loaded. You will see this dialog:
First select a bank range to load to, then select a loading method by choosing one of the soft buttons. The soft buttons control the mode for loading and renumbering of objects from the file. Caution: Carefully read the description of each loading method before pressing one of the soft buttons. Some of the loading methods will delete existing objects in the PC3.
Here’s how the loading methods work:
OvFill
First deletes all RAM objects in the selected bank, and then loads objects using consecutive numbering.
Overwrt
First deletes all RAM objects in the selected bank, and then loads objects using the object ID numbers stored in the file.
Merge
Preserve the object ID numbers stored in the file for the objects to be loaded, overwrite objects already in memory if necessary. For MIDI files (.MID), Merge behaves the same as Fill since MIDI files do not have ID numbers.
Append
Try to use the object ID numbers stored in the file for the objects to be loaded. If an ID number is already in use, increment the ID number until a free slot is found. For MIDI files (.MID), Append behaves the same as Fill since MIDI files do not have ID numbers.
Fill
Ignore the object ID numbers stored in the file. Try to use consecutive numbering from the beginning of the selected bank. If an ID number is already in use, increment the ID number until a free slot is found.
Cancel
Cancel the object loading and return to the main Load page.
Typically, you will just want to use the Fill method. Append, Merge, and Overwrt try to preserve the numbers stored with the objects in the file, but this should only really be necessary if you depend on program numbers or effect numbers to be at a certain MIDI program change 13-10
Storage Mode
The LOAD Page
numbers. OvFill is like Fill except the selected bank (or Everything) is cleared out before loading.
Overwrt and OvFill operate in different ways after a selected bank has been filled up for a given object type (for example, after you have loaded more than 128 programs into a bank). Overwrt will continue to preserve the object IDs stored in the file, and will individually overwrite objects in the bank following the just filled bank. OvFill does not overwrite past the end of the selected bank; it instead skips over object IDs that are in use, loading only into unused IDs. Because of this difference, it can sometimes be faster to load a file using OvFill rather than Overwrt. However, this applies only if the objects to be loaded would extend past the end of a selected bank.
Note that when loading into a specific bank (as opposed to loading as “Everything”), the object IDs in the file are used as follows: The “bank” digit is ignored, and the remainder of the number is used when the PC3 rebanks the object ID into the bank that you specify. For example, if you save Program 453 into a file, and load it back into the 129...256 bank, the PC3 will use the number 69 (its bank‐specific ID in the 385...512 bank) when deciding upon a new object ID. If the 129...256 bank was previously empty, and the load mode is Append, then the program will end up with ID 197 (128 + 69).
For loading as “Everything,” the ID number for an object stored in a file is taken literally, and not rebanked (except if Fill or OvFill mode is chosen).
The following example shows how each different loading methods affect how four programs load into a bank that already contains programs.
Example: Starting with the following objects already stored in the PC3 internal RAM:
Program ID
Program Name
129
Piano Stack
133
Ole Upright 1
134
WestCoastPno&Pad
139
The Ancient
140
DancePnoEchplex
Suppose you were to load a file containing the following objects into the Base2 (129...256) bank:
Program ID
Program Name
260
Brighter CP
261
TouchRezSynthCP
264
Inside Out CP
265
Pianet Classic
13-11
Storage Mode
The Utilities (UTILS) Page
The following table shows the IDs that each program end up with when you load the programs from the Classic Keys bank (255...384) into the Base2 bank:
Original
Program
ID
Program Name
Program IDs After Loading
129
133
OvFill
Overwrt
Merge
Append
Fill
Piano Stack
Deleted
Deleted
129
129
129
Ole Upright 1
Deleted
Deleted
Deleted
133
133
134
WestCoastPno&Pad
Deleted
Deleted
Deleted
134
134
139
The Ancient
Deleted
Deleted
139
139
139
140
DancePnoEchplex
Deleted
Deleted
140
140
140
260
Brighter CP
129
260
133
135
130
261
TouchRezSynthCP
130
261
134
136
131
264
Inside Out CP
131
264
137
137
132
265
Pianet Classic
132
265
138
138
135
The Utilities (UTILS) Page
Pressing the UTILS soft button calls up the Utilities page. Use the Utilities page to create directories (folders) on the current xD card, or use the Utilities page to delete, rename or copy files on the current xD card. See the soft buttons below for the each available function:
Soft Buttons on the Utilities Page
13-12
NewDir
Create a new directory (folder) in the current directory. Directories created by the PC3 can have names up to eight characters long.
Delete Delete the highlighted file from the current device. Rename
Change the name of a file.
Copy Copy a file to a different directory. After pressing Copy, you must select a directory to copy to, press the Open soft button to open the directory to copy to, then press the Ok soft button to copy the file. You can also press the NewDir soft button to create a new directory to copy to. Open
Opens the highlighted directory.
Parent
Moves you up one level in the directory hierarchy. If the display is already at the root directory, this button has no effect.
Storage Mode
Export
Export
Press the EXPORT soft button to go to the Export page. The Export page allows you to export MIDI files created in Song mode, lists of controller assignment info that are automatically created for each Program and each Chain, or a list of all objects in text format. Developers can also export an object in XML format, or export a KPN.
To export a MIDI file created in Song mode, the song must be currently loaded in Song mode. Go to Song mode and load the desired song, then return to the Storage mode EXPORT page and press the Song soft button. You will be prompted first to choose a directory to save the file into, and then you will be prompted to name the MIDI file. When you name the file, you can use the Type field to choose to export either a Standard MIDI File type 1 (saves with multiple channels,) or Standard MIDI File type 0 (saves all channels as 1 channel.)
To export a list of controller assignment info for all Programs or for all Chains, press the PrInfo soft button or the FXInfo soft button. You will be prompted to choose a directory to save into, and then you will be prompted to name the info file. A comma separated value file will be exported.
To export a list of all objects in text format, press the ObjLst soft button. You will be prompted to choose a directory to save into, and then you will be prompted to name the file. A comma separated value text file will be exported, listing each object type with ID number, object name, and whether the object is internal or user.
To export an object in XML format, press the ObjFmt soft button. Choose an object from the list using the Alpha Wheel, ‐/+ buttons, or the alphanumeric pad, then press the Ok soft button. You will be prompted to choose a directory to save into, and then you will be prompted to name the file. To export a KPN, press the KPN soft button. Choose a Domain and Channel, then press the Ok soft button. You will be prompted to choose a directory to save into, and then you will be prompted to name the file. Format
xD cards come formatted and ready to use with the PC3. If you ever need to format a card, however, insert the xD card (with gold contacts up) into the PC3’s xD slot, or in the xD slot of any computer with xD formatting capability. Make sure the card does not have a write‐
protection sticker attached.
Press the Storage mode button to enter Storage mode. Press the soft button labeled Format. The PC3 will ask you if you want to format, and a pair of Yes/No soft buttons will appear. Press the Yes soft button when you are ready to begin.
The PC3 will remind you that formatting will erase the xD card, and will give you two more chances to cancel the formatting procedure—we want to make sure you don’t accidentally erase any cards. Press the Yes soft button to continue formatting. When formatting begins, the display will tell you that the card is being formatted. The blue xD LED will light.
13-13
Storage Mode
Format
13-14
Keymap and Sample Editing
The Keymap Editor
Chapter 14
Keymap and Sample Editing
The Keymap Editor
The Keymap Editor lets you customize the PC3’s factory preset keymaps and save them to RAM. You can also build your own keymaps from scratch (see Building a Keymap on page 14‐7.)
Keymaps are an integral part of every layer of a program. Each keymap contains a set of parameters determining which sample(s) the PC3 will play when you trigger a note. Each layer has at least one keymap, but it can have two keymaps when you’re working with stereo samples. Each of these stereo keymaps uses two of the 128 available voices.
Each keymap consists of a set of key (note) ranges—C 4 to G 4, for example. The entire span of each keymap is from C 0 to G 10. Each range has a sample root assigned within the range. Each sample root is a distinct ROM sample. Within each key range, the sample root is transposed up and down to play on each of the range’s notes. You can view each range by changing the value of the Key Range parameter on the Keymap‐editor page. You can mix samples of different timbres within a single keymap, and even tune individual keys to any pitch by defining key ranges to single notes and assigning samples to each of those notes.
When you trigger a note, the PC3 identifies the key range where the Note On event occurred. It also checks the attack velocity value of the note. It then addresses its memory, and retrieves the sample root that’s assigned to that key range and attack velocity value. If the note that’s triggered is not the note where the sample root is assigned, the sample is transposed to play at the correct pitch. The PC3 then generates the digital signal that represents the sound of the note. At this point the keymap’s job is done, and the signal proceeds through the layer’s algorithm and on to the audio outputs.
You can assign as many key ranges to a keymap as you like, even creating a separate range for each note. This would allow you to tune each key independently, to create microtonal tunings. For keymaps that use a single timbre, like the Grand Piano, there’s a key range for each sample root stored in memory. For acoustic instrumental sounds, the more key ranges you have for a keymap, the more realistic the sound will be, since there will be less pitch shifting of the sample root within the key range.
Of course, you can assign sample roots with different timbres within the same keymap. Many of the drum kit keymaps in ROM, for example, have about 20 key ranges, with several different timbres assigned as the sample roots. You can also create a keymap with a single key range that spans from C 0 to G 10, if you want to stretch a single sample root from C 0 to G 10. Keep in mind, however, that samples can only be transposed upward by an octave from the sample’s original pitch. Samples can be transposed downward without limit.
Think of a keymap as if it were a single piece of string, divided into different sections that adjoin one another. Sections cannot overlap. If you have one range that goes from C4 to F4 and another that goes from F#4 to C5, then if you change the first range to be C4 to G4, the second one will change to be G#4 to C5.
Also, you can’t have “nothing” assigned to a key range. Even if it is Silence (#999), there will always be a sample assigned to every range in the keymap. This is something to watch out for when creating drum programs. For example, let’s say you are creating a program with 20 layers. Each layer has its own keymap, which has just one sample assigned to part of the keyboard with the rest of the key range assigned to Silence. Make sure that you limit the note range of each 14-1
Keymap and Sample Editing
The Keymap Editor
layer using the LoKey and HiKey parameters on the LAYER page in the Program Editor. If each layer covers the entire range, then each note you played would trigger 20 voices (one for each layer). You would only hear one drum per note because all the other layers are triggering “Silence.” Because of the voice‐stealing algorithms in the PC3, the voices would almost immediately become available again, since they have no amplitude. But for one brief instant, the voice would be triggered, which could cause other voices to be cut off.
You can also create multi‐velocity keymaps—that is, keymaps that will play different timbres depending on the attack velocities of your Note On events. Program 6 Pop Power Piano, for example, uses a keymap with three velocity ranges. Each key range in a multi‐velocity keymap contains two or more distinct sample roots that the PC3 chooses between, according to the attack velocity of the note. See Velocity Ranges (VelRng) on page 14‐5 for details.
The Keymap Editor is nested within the Program Editor. The first step in using the Keymap Editor is to select the keymap you want to edit. This is done on the KEYMAP page in the Program Editor, using the Keymap parameter. Once you’ve done this, just press the Edit button, and you’ll enter the Keymap Editor. If you want to edit a different keymap, press the Exit button to return to the KEYMAP page in the Program Editor and select the desired keymap. If you want to build a keymap from scratch, start with the keymap 999 Silence (see Building a Keymap on page 14‐7). This keymap template contains one key range from C 0 to G 10, and is a convenient starting point for adding key ranges and assigning sample roots. The Keymap‐editor page looks like this:
Parameter
14-2
Range of Values
Sample
Sample Root list
Key Range
Variable from C0-G10
Low Key
C 0 to G 10
High Key
C 0 to G 10
Velocity Range (VelRange)
Variable from ppp-fff
Low Velocity (Lo)
ppp-fff
High Velocity (Hi)
ppp-fff
Coarse Tune
–128 to 127 semitones
Fine Tune
-49 to 50 cents
Master Transpose
-126 ST to127 semitones
Volume Adjust
± 24 dB
Keymap and Sample Editing
The Keymap Editor
Keymap Editor Parameters
Sample
This is where you assign a sample root to the current key range. Depending on the nature of the sample root—an individual sample or a block of sample roots—the sample’s name looks a bit different in the display. Each sample’s name consists of three parts: a numeral, a name, and a note number—for example, 999 Silence‐C4. Additionally, the name of stereo samples will end with an S. (To use a stereo sample, the Stereo parameter must be set to On in the Program Editor, and two keymaps must be selected, see The KEYMAP Page on page 6‐14 for details.)
The numeral is the sample block ID. If the sample object is an individual sample, the sample block ID is the same as the sample’s object ID. If the sample object is a group of sample roots, the object ID of the first root in the group determines the sample block ID. The remaining roots in the block have the same ID, and differ only in their note numbers.
Next comes the name of the sample, which typically describes the sample’s timbre. The final part of the sample’s name refers to the pitch at which it was originally sampled. For many timbres, multiple samples are made at various pitches. As you scroll through the Sample list, you’ll see only the pitch of the sample change until you reach the next sample block. The sample’s original pitch is set in the Sample Editor (see Root Key on page 14‐10.) This determines which key will play the sample at its original pitch when a sample is used in a key range (see Key Range below.)
Key Range
A keyrange is a range of keyboard keys that plays one sample (per velocity range, see Velocity Range (VelRange) below for details.) Each sample in a key range (per velocity range) is transposed based on each sample’s RootKey parameter so that it plays at the correct pitch on the keyboard relative to its root key (see Editing Samples on page 14‐9 for details on the RootKey parameter.) Other keys within the key range transpose the sample chromatically relative to the root key. Sample pitch relative to the root key can also be offset using the Coarse Tune and Fine Tune parameters, see below.)
The KeyRange parameter shows you which key range you’re currently viewing or editing (key ranges are named by their lowest and highest notes.) Changing the value of the KeyRange parameter selects from the available key ranges, and allows you to view or edit the sample assignment and other parameters of the selected key range. When the Key Range parameter is selected, you can also scroll through available key ranges using the Alpha Wheel or the ‐/+ buttons. Multiple key ranges are only shown if the current Keymap uses more than one key range. If the top line of the EditKeymap page displays KeyRange, you can scroll through the available key ranges with any parameter on the page selected using the Chan/Layer buttons. (Press the Toggle soft button to toggle the top line between displaying KeyRange and VelRange.) With the Keyrange parameter selected, keyranges can also be selected by holding the Enter button and playing a key. The keyrange assigned to that key will be selected.
Low Key (Lo), High Key (Hi)
With these parameters you can use any of the data entry methods to change the low and high notes of the current key range. You can extend a key range to the full capacity of the PC3 (C 0 to G 10). If you extend the current key range into another, the boundaries of the other key range will become shortened to accommodate the key range you are extending. If the keyrange you are extending covers another keyrange, the other key range will be deleted.
The setting for the low key cannot be higher than the setting for the high key. Similarly, the setting for the high key cannot be lower than the setting for the low key.
14-3
Keymap and Sample Editing
The Keymap Editor
Velocity Range (VelRange)
This parameter shows the keyboard velocity range (in dynamic levels) that will trigger a sample for the current KeyRange. In a key range with more than one velocity range, each velocity range can use a different sample, as well as different CoarseTune, FineTune, and VolumeAdjust settings. Velocity ranges are intended for use with instrument samples recorded at different velocities. This helps to make playing sampled instruments sound more realistic. Sample volumes are also scaled based on keyboard velocity within each velocity range. Velocity ranges for the current Keymap are set using the VelRng soft button (see Velocity Ranges (VelRng) on page 14‐5) or the Low Velocity (Lo), High Velocity (Hi) parameters (see below.) All keyranges in a Keymap share the same set of velocity ranges. Up to eight velocity ranges can be used.
When the VelRange parameter is selected, you can scroll through available velocity ranges using the Alpha Wheel or the ‐/+ buttons. Multiple velocity ranges are only shown if the current Keymap uses more than one velocity range. If the top line of the EditKeymap page displays VelRange, you can scroll through the available velocity ranges with any parameter on the page selected using the Chan/Layer buttons. (Press the Toggle soft button to toggle the top line between displaying VelRange and KeyRange.) Low Velocity (Lo), High Velocity (Hi)
Use these parameters to set the velocity range of the current key range. If you extend the current velocity range into another, the boundaries of the other velocity range will become shortened to accommodate the velocity range you are extending. If the velocity range you are extending covers another velocity range, the other velocity range will be deleted.
Coarse Tune
Coarse Tune allows you to transpose a sample for a given range. This is extremely useful when you have set the Root key of the sample for one note but want to assign the sample to a different part of the keyboard and still be able to play it without transposition (see Root Key on page 14‐10 for details.) For example, if you originally set the Root key at C4 but want the sample assigned to C3, you would set Coarse Tune to 12ST, transposing it up one octave. Now the original pitch will play at C3, one octave down. If you examine the drum and percussion kit keymaps in ROM, you will see that we have done this. Most of our ROM drum samples have the Root key set at C4.
There’s a short cut for adjusting the Coarse Tune automatically so that the sample plays with minimal transposition in the assigned key range. See Special Double Button Presses in the Keymap Editor on page 14‐6.
Fine Tune
This gives you further pitch control. Once the sample’s pitch is close to the desired note, use the Fine tune to sharpen or flatten it as much as a half‐semitone.
Master Transpose (MasterXpose)
This parameter does not really pertain to the keymap itself. Instead it is identical to the Transpose parameter found on the MIDI‐mode TRANSMIT page. If you change the value here, the same value will be reflected on the MIDI‐mode TRANSMIT page, and vice versa. It transposes the entire instrument globally. The reason it is placed on this page is that it will allow you to assign samples across the entire keyboard easily, when you are using a keyboard that has fewer than 88 notes.
Volume Adjust
Here you can adjust the volume of the notes in the current key range. This enables you to make each key range play at the same volume even if the samples in the various ranges were recorded at different volumes.
14-4
Keymap and Sample Editing
The Keymap Editor
The Soft Buttons in the Keymap Editor
Toggle
Pressing the Toggle soft button switches the function that the Chan/Layer buttons perform while on the EditKeymap page. Press the Toggle soft button to toggle the top line between displaying KeyRange or VelRange. If the top line of the page displays KeyRange, then the Chan/Layer buttons will scroll between the available key ranges in the key map (if the current key map has more than one key range.) The note range for each key range will also be displayed on the top line. If the top line of the page displays VelRange, then the Chan/Layer buttons will scroll between the available velocity ranges in the key map (if the current key map has more than one velocity range.) The dynamic range for each velocity range will also be displayed on the top line. Velocity Ranges (VelRng)
Press the VelRng soft button to view the VEL RANGES page (see below.) Use the VEL RANGES page to add, edit or delete velocity ranges for the current keymap. The VEL RANGES page shows a chart of a keymap’s entire available dynamic range, from most quiet (ppp) to most loud (fff.) Velocity ranges can also be adjusted from the EditKeymap page, but the VEL RANGES page provides a chart as a visual aid. Each keymap can be split into a maximum of eight velocity ranges. Each key range in a keymap can use its own sample for each velocity range. All key ranges in a keymap share the same velocity ranges.
Press the Split soft button to split the currently selected velocity range into two ranges (until the maximum of eight velocity ranges have been created.) Press the Delete soft button to delete the currently selected velocity range. Press the Exit soft button to return to the EditKeymap page.
On the VEL RANGES page, the currently selected velocity range is highlighted in the chart, and its name is displayed in the VelRange field. With the VelRange field selected, you can use the Alpha Wheel or ‐/+ buttons to move between the available velocity ranges (if there is more than one velocity range available.) You can also use the Chan/Layer buttons at any time to move between the available velocity ranges. If there is more than one velocity range available, you can adjust the dynamic range of each using Lo and Hi parameters. These Hi and Lo parameters are the same as the Low Velocity (Lo) and High Velocity (Hi) parameters on the EditKeymap page (see Low Velocity (Lo), High Velocity (Hi) on page 14‐4 for details.) Changes made with either set of parameters are shown on both pages.
New Range (NewRng)
The NewRng button lets you define a new keyrange to edit, whether it’s to assign a different sample, or to adjust the pitch or volume. Just press NewRng, then play the note you want as the low note, then the high note. The PC3 will prompt you for each note. When you trigger the high note, you’ll return to the Keymap‐editor page, and the new keyrange you defined will be selected. The next change you make will affect only that edit range.
14-5
Keymap and Sample Editing
The Keymap Editor
If you set a new keyrange that’s completely within an existing key range, the existing key range will be split into two keyranges, with the new keyrange between the two. At this point, you must change at least one parameter of the new keyrange before editing a different keyrange, otherwise the new keyrange will be merged with the adjacent keyranges. If you set a new keyrange that overlaps part or all of another key range, the sample assigned to the lower key range will be applied to the new keyrange. Again, at this point you must change at least one parameter of the new keyrange before editing a different keyrange, otherwise the new keyrange will be merged with the lower keyrange that it overlapped.
Assign
The Assign soft button lets you select a sample, then specify the key range to which it’s assigned. This enables you to insert a new key range within the current keymap. When you press the Assign soft button, a dialog appears that prompts you to select a sample from the Samples list. Scroll through the list, then press the OK soft button. You’ll then be prompted to define the new key range by playing the notes you want to be the lowest and highest notes of the range. (Press the Cancel soft button if you change your mind.) When you trigger the low and high notes, the new key range is inserted. If the new key range partially overlaps an adjacent key range, the existing key range will be adjusted to accommodate the new range. If the new key range completely overlaps an existing key range, the original key range will be replaced.
Rename
Call up the page that enables you to change the name of the current keymap.
Save
Start the process of saving the current keymap.
Delete
Delete the current keymap from memory. Factory ROM keymaps cannot be deleted.
Special Double Button Presses in the Keymap Editor
Suppose you have a sample whose root key is C 4, and you want to assign it to A 0, because you don’t expect to play it often. If you want it to play back without transposition, you’ll have to adjust the Coarse Tune parameter. Calculating the right value for Coarse Tune can get tedious if you’re assigning a large number of samples. Fortunately, there’s a short cut.
1. Assign a sample root to a key range, either using the Lo, Hi, and Sample parameters or using the Assign soft button.
2. Highlight the value of the Coarse Tune parameter.
3. Press the Plus/Minus buttons at the same time. The value of Coarse Tune changes automatically. If the sample is assigned to one note, the PC3 sets Coarse Tune so that the note plays the sample without transposition. If the sample is assigned to a range of notes, the PC3 sets Coarse Tune so that the middle note of the range plays the sample without transposition.
14-6
Keymap and Sample Editing
Building a Keymap
Building a Keymap
Read below for detailed directions on manually creating and editing a keymap. (See the preview function on page 11‐17 for a way to automatically create a program and keymap.) To build a keymap, first go to the Program mode main page (this can be done by repeatedly pressing the Exit button.) From the Program mode main page, use the alphanumeric pad to select program 999 Default Program. Next press the Edit button to enter the Program Editor. Press the KEYMAP soft button, and the KEYMAP page will appear. The Keymap parameter will be automatically selected. Press 999 and Enter on the alphanumeric pad to assign the keymap 999 Silence. This isn’t absolutely necessary, but it makes it easier to recognize the key ranges that have samples assigned to them when you start assigning samples. You can actually choose any program or keymap you want to start with, but by choosing these, you are starting with a “blank slate.”
With the Keymap parameter still selected, press the Edit button, and you’ll enter the Keymap Editor. The Key Range parameter will be automatically selected, and you see its values: C 0 to G 10 (the entire MIDI keyboard range). The Sample parameter will have a value of 999 Silence‐C 4.
Now you’re ready to start assigning samples to key ranges within the keymap. We’ll assume that you are using samples with roots at C 1, C 2, C 3, etc. (most of the ROM samples are set up this way) and that you plan to assign a root to each octave. To begin, press the Assign soft button. The display will prompt you to select a sample. Use the Alpha Wheel to scroll to one of the samples, or type its ID on the alphanumeric pad and press Enter. When you’ve found the sample you want to use, press the OK soft button. The display will say “Strike low key…” Trigger A 0 (MIDI note number 21, the lowest A on a standard 88‐note keyboard). The display will change to say “Strike High Key…”Now trigger F 1 (MIDI note number 29). The display will return to the Keymap‐editor page. The Key Range parameter will show A 0–F 1, and the Sample parameter will show the sample you selected when you started the range assignment. Each sample in a key range is automatically transposed based on each sample’s RootKey parameter so that it plays at the correct pitch on the keyboard relative to its root key (see Editing Samples on page 14‐9 for details on the RootKey parameter.) Other keys within the key range transpose the sample chromatically relative to the root key. Automatic transposition based on each sample’s RootKey is important if you want the sample to play in tune with other PC3 programs or other instruments. The PC3 makes this easy because each ROM sample has the correct RootKey settings. Generally you should set a keyrange so that the sample’s RootKey (displayed at the end of the sample name) is in the middle of the range. If you set a key range that does not cover the sample’s RootKey, the sample will have to automatically transpose by many semitones, and will likely not sound correct. Samples are also limited to an octave of upward transposition from the sample’s original pitch. If you set a keyrange too high based on the Root Key, some samples may not be able to transpose upward far enough to play in tune, and many keys may play the same note (the highest note that the sample can be transposed to.) Automatic transposition relative to the root key can be offset using the Coarse Tune and Fine Tune parameters on the EditKeymap page, (see Coarse Tune and Fine Tune on page 14‐4.)
Continuing with the example, press the Assign soft button again. Select another sample root at the prompt, and press the OK soft button. Now trigger F# 1 for the Low Key prompt, and F 2 for the High Key prompt. At this point you’ve defined two key ranges, the first from A 0 to F 1, and the second from F# 1 to F 2. You can repeat the process as many times as you want, creating a new key range each time.
Once you have samples assigned, you may need to transpose them so that they play back at the correct pitch within the range you have chosen. To do this, highlight the Key Range parameter, scroll to the range you need, then highlight the Coarse Tune parameter. Adjust Coarse Tune to bring the sample to the proper pitch within that key range. Then scroll back up to the Key Range parameter, select the next range, and continue as needed.
14-7
Keymap and Sample Editing
Building a Keymap
Here’s a fairly important point that may or may not affect your keymap construction. Suppose you want to build a keymap that uses the same sample in several adjacent key ranges, and you plan to add a bit of detuning to the samples in each range. You might think that you could build the keymap first, then go into the Sample Editor and tweak the sample settings of each keyrange when the keymap is finished. Yes, but…
Suppose you used the technique we described above to assign a sample whose root was C 4 to a key range from A 3 to E 4. Then you assigned the same sample to a key range from F 4 to B 4. You might be surprised to find that when you finished the F 4–B 4 key range and the Keymap‐editor page reappeared, the current key range would not be F 4 to B 4, but A 3 to B 4! This is because the PC3 automatically merges adjacent key ranges that are identical (this is done to save memory). Therefore, some parameter must be different in each adjacent key range you create if you want to build keymaps using the technique we just described. So if you want to use the same samples in adjacent key ranges with, for example, minor pitch or volume modification, you should make those changes to the current sample on the Keymap‐editor page before assigning the next range.
14-8
Keymap and Sample Editing
Editing Samples
Editing Samples
To enter the Sample Editor, first select the program you wish to edit in Program mode. With the program selected, press the Edit button to enter the Program Editor. In the program editor the KEYMAP page will be selected (if not press the KEYMAP soft button.) With the KeyMap parameter selected on the KEYMAP page, press the Edit button again to enter the Keymap Editor. On the EditKeymap page, select the KeyRange parameter and use the Alpha Wheel or ‐/
+ buttons to choose one of the available key ranges (if there is more than one keyrange.) You can edit the existing sample of a keyrange, or choose a new sample for the keyrange and edit that. When the Keymap parameter is selected you can hold the Enter button and trigger notes to select different key ranges.
If you want to select a different sample, use the cursor buttons to select the Sample parameter. Use the Alpha Wheel to select a sample. Press the Edit button once more, and you’ll enter the Sample Editor. The sample will play through the effects of the current program. The name of stereo samples end with an S. To use a stereo sample, the Stereo parameter must be set to On in the Program Editor, and two keymaps must be selected, see The KEYMAP Page on page 6‐14 for details.
There are two sample editing pages—MISC (Miscellaneous) and TRIM. The soft buttons for these pages are visible when you enter the Sample Editor. You can trigger notes at any time while you’re editing, to hear your changes as you make them. When you have finished editing your sample or samples, see the preview function on page 11‐17 for a way to automatically create a program and keymap using a sample or group of sample roots.
The Miscellaneous (MISC) Page
On the MISC page, you’ll set several parameters that affect the behavior of the current sample. These parameters affect the entire sample. The right side of the top line displays the root number and RootKey of the sample. For stereo samples, L or R is displayed after the Root# parameter to indicate that you are viewing parameters for the left or right channel of the sample. Use the Chan/Layer buttons to move between channels of stereo samples. Although you can edit parameters for the left and right channels of a sample, both channels can only be heard if the Stereo parameter is set to On in the Program Editor, and the same keymap is selected for the Keymap1 and Keymap2 parameters in the Program Editor. If the Stereo parameter is set to Off in the Program Editor, only the left channel of stereo samples will be heard (in mono.) If the sample is part of a group of sample roots, you can also use the Chan/Layer buttons to scroll through each sample in the group. A representative MISC page is shown below:
Parameter
Range of Values
Root Key Number
C -1 to G 9
Pitch Adjust
Variable (depends on sample rate)
14-9
Keymap and Sample Editing
Editing Samples
Parameter
Range of Values
Volume Adjust
-64.0 to 63.5 dB
Alternative Volume Adjust
-64.0 to 63.5 dB
Decay Rate
0 to 5000 dB per second
Release Rate
0 to 5000 dB per second
Loop Switch
Off, On
Playback Mode
Normal, Reverse, Bidirectional
Alternative Sample Sense
Normal, Reverse
Ignore Release
Off, On
Root Key
The root key represents the keyboard key at which the sample will play back without transposition (that is, at the same pitch as the pitch of the original sample). Use the ‐/+ buttons or Alpha Wheel to select a RootKey note, or use the alphanumeric pad followed by the Enter button to enter a RootKey by MIDI note number.
Pitch Adjust
Use this parameter to change the pitch of the sample relative to the key from which it’s played. Setting a value of 100cts, for example, will cause the sample to play back one semitone higher than normal. This parameter is handy for fine tuning samples to each other if they’re slightly out of tune.
Volume Adjust
Uniformly boost or cut the amplitude of the entire sample.
Alternative Start Volume Adjust (AltVolAdjust)
This parameter sets the amplitude of the sample when the alternative start is used. See page 6‐16 for a discussion of AltSwitch.
Decay Rate
This parameter defines how long the sample takes to decay (fade) to zero amplitude (silence). DecayRate takes effect in the loop portion of the sample, after all the attack stages of the amplitude envelope are complete. Decay Rate affects each sample individually, and is in effect only when the amplitude envelope for the program (the Mode parameter on the AMPENV page in the Program Editor) is set to Natural. If Mode is User, the settings on the AMPENV page override the setting for DecayRate. Release Rate
The release rate determines how long the sample will take to decay to zero amplitude when the note trigger is released. The higher the value, the faster the release rate.This release affects each sample individually, and is in effect only when the amplitude envelope for the program (the Mode parameter on the AMPENV page in the Program Editor) is set to Natural. In this case, the release begins as soon as the note is released. If Mode is User, the settings on the AMPENV page override the setting for ReleaseRate.
To create an extended sample loop that will play data after the sample’s loop on key‐up, set the Alternative Start sample pointer after the sample end pointer, then set a relatively low value for the release rate.
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Keymap and Sample Editing
Editing Samples
Loop Switch
This parameter activates or deactivates the looping of the currently selected sample. When set to On, the sample will loop according to the settings on the TRIM page. When set to Off, the sample will play through to its End point and stop.
Playback Mode (Playback)
This parameter lets you modify the direction in which the sample is played. Set it to a value of Reverse if you want the sample to play from its End (E) point to its Start (S) point. Choose a value of Bidirectional to cause the sample to play from Start to End, then reverse direction and play again from End to Loop and back, repeating until the note trigger is released (this works only when the Loop Switch parameter is set to On).
Alternative Sample Sense (AltSense)
This provides a convenient way to activate the alternative start of a sample. When set to Normal, the alternative start will be used when the Alt Switch control is On (this is set on the KEYMAP page), or when the control source assigned to it is above its midpoint. When set to Reverse, the alternative start will be used when the Alt Switch control is Off, or when the control source assigned to it is below its midpoint.
Ignore Release (IgnRelease)
When set to a value of Off, the sample will release normally when the note trigger is released. When set to On, the note will not release, even when the note trigger is released. This setting should be used only with samples that normally decay to silence; nondecaying samples will play forever at this setting. This parameter is equivalent to the IgnRelease parameter on the LAYER page, but affects only the currently selected sample.
SampleRate and NumSamples
These parameters cannot be edited, but show the sample’s sample rate and the sample’s length in samples. Samples that are longer than 1 million samples are displayed a 1Ms.
The Soft Buttons on the MISC Page
Rename
Call up the page that enables you to change the name of the current sample.
Save
Start the process of saving the current sample.
Delete
Start the process of deleting the current sample. If the current sample has been saved to a user ID# (above 1024,) this deletes the sample settings at that ID# (the sample audio data cannot be deleted and remains in the factory ROM under the sample’s original factory ID#.) If the current sample has been saved to a factory ROM ID# (1‐1024,) this restores the factory default settings and audio data for that sample ID#.
14-11
Keymap and Sample Editing
Editing Samples
The TRIM Page
The TRIM page lets you set the Start, Alternative Start, Loop, and End points of the current sample. The top line indicates the Zoom and Gain settings. This Gain setting doesn’t affect the amplitude of the sample, just the view in the display. The right side of the top line displays the root number of the sample. If the sample is part of a group of sample roots, you can use the Chan/Layer buttons to scroll through each sample in the group. The four parameters on this page are Start (S), Alternative Start (A), Loop (L), and End (E). Selecting these parameters and adjusting their values enables you to modify how the sample plays back when notes are triggered. Each of these parameter points are expressed in individual samples. For example, a one second sample at a sample rate of 44,100Hz would have 44,100 values available to adjust for each of these parameters.
There is a vertical line in the center of the display indicating the placement of the current parameter in the sample waveform. The sample waveform will move relative to the line when each parameter is selected or adjusted. The line remains in the center of the display, and the waveform shifts to indicate the new position of the point. Each parameter can be adjusted with the ‐/+ buttons, the Alpha Wheel, or the alphanumeric button pad followed by the Enter button.
The Start (S) point determines the beginning of the current sample. You can truncate the beginning of the sample by increasing the value of the Start (S) parameter. You might do this to remove silence at the beginning of a sample, or to remove some or all of the attack. You can’t decrease the Start point of samples below zero. The Alternative Start (A) parameter lets you set a second, optional start or end point for the current sample. The Alternative Start will be used when the Alt Switch parameter on the KEYMAP page is set to On, or when it’s set to a specific control source and that control source is generating a value of more than +.5. (For example, if you assign MWheel as the control source for the Alt Switch parameter, the Alternative Start will be used when the Mod Wheel—or whatever control source you have set to send MWheel—is above its halfway point.) The Alternative Start can be set before, after, or at the same point as the Start or End.
If you set the Alternative Start after the End, you can extend the play of looped samples. Normally, looped samples will play through to the End, then will loop back to the Loop point, and continue looping like this until the note is released, when they go into their normal release. If the Alternative Start is set after the End, looped samples will loop in the same way while notes are sustained. As soon as you release the notes, however, the samples will play through to the Alternative Start point before going into release.
The Loop (L) parameter sets the beginning of the looped portion of the current sample. The Loop can be set at any point before the End, including before the Start and Alternative Start. If you try to move it after the End, the End will move with it. When you’re setting a loop segment for a sample, you should adjust both the Loop and End parameters so that the two ends of the waveform would meet (or come as close as possible) when the loop occurs. You can do this visually by zooming in close to the waveform (until it becomes a single line,) then adjusting the Loop and End parameters of the waveform until both ends are the same distance above or below 14-12
Keymap and Sample Editing
Editing Samples
the zero point of the display (the horizontal line in the middle of the waveform display.) Though adjusting these points visually is helpful, always listen to the sample and make the final settings based on what sounds best. You’ll notice an audible click in your sample loop if the ends of the waveform do not meet where the loop occurs. The closer you can get the two ends of the waveform, the better the sound quality of your loop will be. Using zero‐crossings for the Loop and End parameters may also help reduce clicks at the loop point, see Zero‐ and Zero+ below for details.
The End (E) parameter sets the point at which the current sample will stop playback. Typically you’ll use this parameter to trim unwanted silence off the end of a sample, although you can use it to shorten a sample as much as you want.
Note On Saving Samples: Trimmed portions of a sample are not saved. Trimmed portions before the Start (S), or Alternative Start (A) points (whichever has a lower value) will be lost upon saving, and whichever parameter had a lower value will have a value of zero the next time it is loaded (values for all other sample point parameters will be adjusted relatively.) Trimmed portions after the Alternative Start (A) or End (E) points (whichever has a higher value) will be lost upon saving. If you wish to save a copy of the original untrimmed sample, save the trimmed version under a different ID#. If you save a trimmed sample at its original ID#, you can always restore the original version by deleting the modified version that you saved. To delete a sample, see Delete on page 14‐11, or OBJECT on page 11‐12, the Delete function.
Zoom- and Zoom+
These buttons increase or decrease the resolution of the waveform display, enabling you to see a larger or smaller segment of the waveform of the currently selected sample. The top line of the display indicates the zoom position in terms of a fraction—for example, 1/256—which indicates the number of individual sample elements represented by each display pixel. A value of 1/256 means that each pixel represents 256 individual sample elements. The maximum zoom setting of 1 shows you a very small segment of the sample. The minimum setting of 1/16384 shows you the largest possible segment of the sample. Each press of a Zoom soft button increases or decreases the zoom by a factor of 4.
Gain- and Gain+
These buttons increase or decrease the magnification of the currently displayed sample waveform, enabling you to see the waveform in greater or lesser detail. At the left of the display, you’ll see the magnification setting, which is expressed in dB units. You can adjust the magnification from 48 dB (maximum magnification) to 0 dB. This doesn’t affect the actual amplitude of the sample, only the magnification of its display.
The simplest way to think of the Zoom and Gain buttons is to remember that the Zoom buttons control the left/right magnification of the waveform, while the Gain buttons control the up/
down magnification. Neither button has any affect on the sound of the sample. You’ll often use the Zoom and Gain soft buttons together to focus in on a particular sample segment, then magnify it to see it in close detail.
For example, you might want to zoom out to view an entire sample waveform, to decide which segment you want to edit. You could then zoom in to focus on a particular segment. Once you’ve zoomed in, you may want to boost the Gain to enable you to set a new Start (S) point with greater precision, or ensure that you get a smooth loop transition.
Zero- and Zero+
Pressing the Zero‐ or Zero+ buttons will search left or right respectively for the sample’s next zero‐crossing. A zero‐crossing is a point where the sample waveform is neither positive or negative (crossing the horizontal line in the middle of the waveform display.) The currently selected parameter (Start (S), Alternative Start (A), Loop (L), or End (E)) will be set to this point in the sample. Setting these parameters to zero‐crossings can help minimize clicks at the start, end, or loop point of a sample. It’s best to have each of these points set first by adjusting each parameter and listening to the sample, then if needed search for a nearby zero‐crossing.
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Keymap and Sample Editing
Editing Samples
14-14
Tutorial: Song Mode
Chapter 15
Tutorial: Song Mode
In Song mode, you can use the PC3’s sequencer to record songs using multiple instrument sounds. You can easily change your song’s tempo, fix mistakes, and adjust the volume of each instrument.
The following guide includes instructions to choose specific instrument sounds and track numbers, simply as examples. When you are ready to make your own song, follow the same methods and choose any instrument and track selection that you want. The steps below explain the simplest way to record, in a linear, track‐by‐track fashion. There are many methods for recording songs, and there are recording options that you may wish to change once you become familiar with the process. See the Song mode chapter for more options.
Recording Overview
In this guide you will be instructed to record into tracks in a song. A track is like a layer in a song containing the recorded part for one instrument program. You can record up to 16 tracks, and each can be separately edited or adjusted in volume level (with many other options available as well).
About MIDI
In Song mode the PC3 functions as a MIDI sequencer. MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a standardized system that allows different electronic instruments to work together, among other musical uses. A MIDI sequencer doesn’t record the sound of your performance, just messages that cause the instrument to play notes. When you play back a song (a.k.a. a MIDI sequence) in Song mode, the PC3 triggers each of the notes that you have recorded, sort of like a player piano. MIDI is very useful for recording songs with electronic instruments such as the PC3, because you can easily make changes to recorded sequences. For example, you can change individual notes, transpose parts, or change the instrumentation of tracks that have already been recorded. Since MIDI sequences only play back messages that trigger notes, if you start recording or playing back from the middle of your song, you will not hear the result of notes before that point (such as notes sustaining from the previous bar.) In these cases, make sure to start playback or recording before the notes that you want to hear.
About The Time Position Format
In this guide you will be instructed to select specific time positions in a song. In the PC3’s sequencer, time positions are measured from the beginning of the song in Bars, Beats, and Ticks. Dependent on the time signature, these units of measurements can have different values. In these examples we will be using a 4/4 time signature in which a Bar contains 4 beats, and a beat contains 960 ticks (from 0 to 959, see below for more about ticks.) The Song mode MAIN page displays song time in the Locat field as Bars and Beats, for example a Locat position of 1 : 3 would correspond to Bar 1, Beat 3. The Song mode Big Time page displays song time in large numbers on the top half of the screen as Bars, Beats, and Ticks. For example a Big Time position of 1 :3 :480 would correspond to Bar 1, Beat 3, Tick 480 (in 4/4 Tick 480 would be the second eighth‐note of the beat.) 15-1
Tutorial: Song Mode
Bars and beats should be familiar terms for musicians, but ticks are a term specific to MIDI sequencers. Ticks provide fine resolution when recording and editing sequences. For example, if you were to play along with the sequencer’s metronome to record one note on each beat of a bar, upon reviewing the sequence you would most likely find that each note was not recorded exactly on each beat, but that each was recorded a different small number of ticks away from the beats. (See Part 7, The Event List, below for a way to view note time position.) Ticks allow for the sequencer to record these tiny differences in timing, thus retaining the original timing nuances of the performance. When locating note values smaller than 1 beat, divide the number of ticks in a beat by the appropriate number (a quarter‐note is always worth 960 ticks, no matter the time signature.) For example, in a 4/4 time signature there are 960 ticks in a beat (since a beat is worth a quarter‐note in 4/4.) To find the value of an 8th note, divide 960 by 2, since there are two 8th notes in a quarter‐note. Divide 960 by 4 for 16th notes, by 6 for 16th note triplets, by 8 for 32nd notes, and so on. You can also use record quantization which automatically moves recorded notes to the nearest set time division, such as 8th or 16th notes. (See Part 7, Quantizing, below for details.)
Part 1: Assign Instruments To Tracks
1.
Press the Exit button until you reach the ProgramMode page. Next, press the Song mode button,
located with the mode buttons to the left of the display. This will bring you to the Song mode
MAIN page (see below.)
Step 1 (above)
15-2
Step 2 (below)
2.
On the Song mode MAIN page choose 0*New Song* in the CurSng field (if not already selected).
This loads an empty song file (see above.)
3.
Use the Chan/Zone buttons (to the left of the display) to Set the RecTrk parameter to 1. This sets
the track that you will be recording to (see below.)
4.
Use the cursor buttons to navigate to the Prog field and choose a program with the plus/minus
buttons, alpha wheel, or by entering the desired program number with the alphanumeric pad. This
sets the instrument sound for the current track. For example, choose program 1 Standard Grand to
Tutorial: Song Mode
make the first track contain the piano part for this song (see below.) You can do this quickly by
entering 1 on the alphanumeric pad and pressing Enter.
Part 2: Set The Tempo
For this example, we will leave the song at its default time signature, 4/4 (see Chapter 12, Song Mode and the Song Editor for details on setting the time signature.) Follow the steps below to set a tempo for your song. It is easiest to choose your tempo before recording any tracks, but the tempo can be adjusted after recording as well (see Chapter 12, Song Mode and the Song Editor for details on changing the tempo after recording.)
1.
On the Song mode MAIN page, use the cursor buttons to navigate to the Tempo field and enter a
tempo. Entering the tempo with the alphanumeric pad is the easiest method if you know your
desired tempo. The plus/minus buttons and alpha wheel are useful for making smaller adjustments.
Tempo is set in beats per minute (BPM.) For this example, let’s set a medium tempo of 100 BPM.
In the Tempo field use the alphanumeric pad to enter 100 and press Enter (see below.)
Note: You can also set the tempo using the Tap Tempo feature (simultaneously press the left and right cursor buttons), see TEMPO on page 11‐10 for details.
15-3
Tutorial: Song Mode
2.
To hear the metronome play your tempo, use the right more button to find and then press the BIG
soft button. This brings you to the Song:Big Time page. On the Song:Big Time page, set the
Metron parameter to Always (see below.) Make sure the PC3’s main volume is set at a moderate
level, then press the Play/Pause button to hear the metronome play the selected tempo.
3.
Press the BIG soft button again to return to the Song mode MAIN page (the MAIN soft button also
works for this, but using the BIG soft button is quicker.) Now you can adjust the Tempo parameter
and press the Play/Pause button to hear the metronome play the tempo. For this example we will
leave our previous Tempo setting of 100.0.
4.
Once you are happy with the tempo, press the BIG soft button to return to the Song:Big Time page.
Set the Metron parameter back to Rec so that you will only hear the metronome during recording
(see below.) When finished, press the BIG soft button again to return to the Song mode MAIN
page.
Part 3: Record Your First Track, Save The Song
1.
15-4
On the Song mode MAIN page, use the Chan/Zone buttons (to the left of the display) to choose the track you wish to record to. The track number is displayed in the RecTrk field (see below.) Let’s begin by recording to track 1, to which we have assigned a piano program.
Tutorial: Song Mode
2.
Press the Record button located on the front panel. This prepares the PC3 for recording on the
current RecTrk. The Record button lights, and on the Song mode MAIN page the right of the top
line will display REC. READY, which means that the sequencer will record when the Play/Pause
button is pressed (see below.)
3.
Press the Play/Pause button located on the front panel. The metronome will play for 1 bar and then
recording will begin (see Chapter 12, Song Mode and the Song Editor for details on setting metronome count off options.)
4.
Play your part for the current track, when finished, press the Stop button on the front panel to stop
recording. The Save Changes screen will be displayed where you can retry the last performance of
recording, save the song with the last recorded performance, or compare your new performance
with the last saved version of the song. For this example we will name the song My Song under
ID# 1025. See below for an explanation of this page:
Soft Button Functions On the Save Changes Page:
The PlyNew soft button allows you to play the song with your latest recorded performance. You will likely want to hear this first.
Pressing PlyOld will play the current song, minus the performance that you just recorded. You can toggle between Play Old and Play New without restarting the song by pressing either button while the song is playing. This is useful to check if your last performance was better or worse than what was previously saved (if anything was previously saved.)
The Locate field allows you choose a start time for the old or new playback. This is useful when you just want to hear a certain part of the song without listening to the whole thing. The Playing field displays whether to NEW or OLD data is playing. Stop halts the playback of either the Old or the New version of the song you are currently auditioning. This also resets the song’s start location to either the default Bar 1, Beat 1 value, or to whatever location you defined in the Locate field.
15-5
Tutorial: Song Mode
Pressing Retry restarts recording from the same point you last started recording from.
Yes saves the song with the performance you just recorded. Whatever was played back when you pressed PlayNew will be the version of the song saved when you press Yes. The “save as” dialog will be displayed:
Use the Alpha Wheel, ‐/+ buttons, or Alphanumeric Pad to choose a free ID# location to save the song, or choose a used ID# location to overwrite a previously saved song with your new version. For this example we will save the song under ID# 1025 (see above.) When overwriting a song file, the “save as” dialog displays “Replace” followed by the name of the file being replaced. Press Save to save the song with the current name, or Cancel to return to the previous screen.
Press Rename if you would like to change the song’s name. This brings you to the SongMode:name page. For this example we will rename the song My Song (see below.) For more detailed instructions, see the Editing Conventions chapter, “Saving and Naming” section.
If you decide not to save or rename on the Song: Save Changes page, pressing the No soft button returns you to the Song mode page in which you were last recording. Changes to the current song are not saved, though the sequencer will remember changes to certain settings from the MAIN and BIG pages. These settings are Tempo, Merge/Erase Mode, Locate, track mute status, Time In, Time Out, Song End, Loop, Recmode, and Metron. To permanently save these changes with the song, make sure to choose Save from the soft button menu before powering off or loading a new song. Alternatively, you will be prompted to save these changes upon loading a new song if the MAIN page settings were changed while recording or with recording armed, or if any of the BIG page settings were changed.
About ID#s
When saving, you must choose an ID#. An ID# gives you a way to locate a song aside from its name (you can store up to 2,560 unique ID#s for each object type: songs, setups, programs, etc., though many ID#s are already used for factory ROM objects.) ID#s also allow you to save songs with the same name under different ID#s, and rename them at a later time if desired. Choose an unused ID# to save a new song. The next available unused ID# is automatically selected when 15-6
Tutorial: Song Mode
editing a factory ROM song. When editing a song that has been stored in user memory (any originally unused ID#,) the edited song’s ID# is automatically selected. This assumes that you wish to replace the existing song, but you can choose another ID# if desired to save a new copy. Choose a used ID# to replace an existing saved song. If you replace a factory ROM song, you can revert to the original song by deleting the song using the Song Mode Delete soft button. Part 4: Record Additional Tracks
When you are happy with your first track and you have saved your song so far, move on to adding other instrument parts on other tracks. You can record up to 16 tracks.
1.
On the Song mode MAIN page, use the Chan/Zone buttons (to the left of the display) to Set the RecTrk parameter to an unused track number (for example, track 2.) 2.
Set the instrument sound for the current track. Use the cursor buttons to navigate to the Prog field
and choose a program with the plus/minus buttons, alpha wheel, or by entering the desired program
number with the alphanumeric pad. This sets the instrument sound for the current track. For
example, choose program 105 P-Bass to make the next track contain the bass part for this song (see
below.) This would be useful to play a bass part that matches the root notes of your left hand piano
part from track 1.
3.
Follow the same steps in Part 3 above (starting on step 2) to start and stop recording, and review,
save or discard your performance. When saving the song with your new tracks recorded, press the
Save soft button on the SongMode:save as page in order to replace the currently saved song with
your new version.
4.
Repeat the steps above with different track and program numbers to add additional instrument parts
to your song.
15-7
Tutorial: Song Mode
Part 5: Fixing Mistakes
For each track in Song mode, you can fix mistakes in your performance without re‐recording the entire performance. Here we will describe the method that is easiest for fixing specific passages in a track. (For a way to fix single notes, see Song Editor: The EVENT Page on page 12‐31 in Chapter 12, Song Mode and the Song Editor.)
15-8
1.
On the Song mode MAIN page, use the Chan/Zone buttons (to the left of the display) to Set the RecTrk parameter to the track that you want to fix. For example, let’s fix track 1 (see below.)
2.
Set the Mode parameter to Erase (see below.) This causes previously recorded notes to be erased
when a track is being recorded into.
3.
Press the BIG soft button to go to the Big Time page.
4.
On the Big Time page, set the RecMode parameter to PunchIn. This causes recording to only take
place between the times set in the Time In and Time Out fields.
Tutorial: Song Mode
5.
Set times for the Time In and Time Out fields to select the time to fix. For this example we will fix
bar 3 (see below.)
Note: If you need to fix a section which isn’t exactly within one bar or an even division of beats, use the following method to find your Time In and Time Out points: Use the big time location numbers on the top of the page to find a time where the first notes played (when you press play/
pause) are the notes that you wish to replace. Enter this location in the Time In field. Next, use the big time location numbers on the top of the page to find a time where the first notes played (when you press play/pause) are the first notes that you wish to keep after the notes that you wish to replace. Enter this location in the Time Out field.
6.
Use the big time location numbers on the top of the page and set a time before the area you want to
replace. This will be where you start playback of the song in order to re-record the desired section.
Leave enough time (usually a bar or two) so that you will have time to prepare before the section
you are replacing plays. For this example we will set our start time to 1 :1 :0, because it is two bars
before bar 3 (see below.)
7.
Press the Record button, then the Play/Pause button located on the front panel. Play your new part
when the song reaches the part you want to replace. This technique is called “punching in.” You
will often get more natural sounding results if you play along with the song before the part that you
are fixing. Doing this allows you to match your performance style (loudness, timing, phrasing) with
what has already been recorded. Because of your settings in steps 4, 5 and 6, no extra notes will be
recorded outside of the time that you want to replace.
8.
Press the Stop button when you are done. You will be able to review and save your changes just as
in Step 4 of Part 3 (see above.)
9.
Remember to set the RecMode parameter back to Linear when you are done if you wish to record
in the standard way again (as in Part 3, above.) This is done on the Big Time page (see below.)
15-9
Tutorial: Song Mode
Part 6: Adjusting The Volume Of Each Instrument
Adjust the volume of an instrument by adjusting the volume of the track containing that instrument program. While your song is playing, you can use the Vol parameter on the Song mode MAIN page to adjust the volume for the track currently set in the RecTrk parameter. To permanently store your volume settings with the song, you must store an initial volume for each track. Let’s use the song we created in the parts above as an example. Let’s adjust the volume of track 1 and store the value as an initial volume setting:
15-10
1.
On the Song mode MAIN page, use the Chan/Zone buttons (to the left of the display) to Set the
RecTrk parameter to track 1.
2.
Find the desired volume level by adjusting the Vol parameter during playback, then press stop. For
this example, let’s set the Vol parameter to 80.
3.
Use the left and right more soft buttons at the bottom corners of the display to find the MIXER soft
button and press it (see below.) This brings you to the Song:MIXER page.
Tutorial: Song Mode
4.
On the Song:MIXER page, press the Keep soft button to store initial values for all tracks (see
below.)
5.
On the Song:MIXER page, press the Done soft button or the front panel Exit button. You will be
asked to save changes to your song, just as in Part 3, step 4 of this guide (see above.) Saving your
song completes the process of storing initial volume settings with your song.
Pressing the Keep soft button on the Song:MIXER page stores initial values of volume, pan, and program number for each track. Initial values are the settings that will be used when your song is played back from the beginning. Volume, pan, and program settings can change automatically over the course of the song if you change them while recording, but pressing the Keep button stores the current value for each setting to be recalled at the song’s beginning. 6.
Follow the above procedure in steps 4 and 5 to store current values as initial values after changing
any volume, pan, or program parameters.
Note: Most users will want to store initial values as described above. Advanced users may not want to store initial values for every track. For details on saving an initial value for a single track only, see the Program, Volume, and Pan sections in the Song Mode: The MAIN Page section on page 12‐1.
Part 6 b: Recording Volume Automation
You can also record volume automation. Volume automation is the method of recording a series of volume event messages that change a track’s Vol parameter over the course of the song. This is useful for fading instruments in or out of a song, or adjusting instrument volumes for only specific sections of a song.
1.
On the Song mode MAIN page, make sure the Mode parameter is set to Merge (see below.) (Also
make sure the RecMode parameter has been set to Linear, as in Part 5, step 9, above.)
15-11
Tutorial: Song Mode
2.
Press the Record button, then press Play/Pause.
3.
Select the Vol parameter and adjust it with the alpha wheel while the sequencer is recording. Any
changes to the Vol parameter will be recorded as data in the current track.
4.
When you are finished, press the Stop button. You will be able to review and save your changes just
as in Step 4 of Part 3 (see above.)
Part 6 c: Erasing Volume Automation
If you’ve saved a song with volume automation and you wish to change or remove it afterwords, follow the steps below to erase a selection of volume automation:
15-12
1.
In Song mode, press the Edit button with anything except the Prog parameter selected. This brings
you to the current song’s EditSong:COMMON page.
2.
On the EditSong:COMMON page, press the TRACK soft button (see below.) This brings you to
the EditSong:TRACK page.
Tutorial: Song Mode
3.
On the EditSong:TRACK page, set the Function parameter to Erase (see below.)
4.
Use the Chan/Zone buttons (to the left of the display) to choose the track to erase volume
automation from. You can view the selected track number in the upper right corner of the screen.
5.
Set the Events parameter to Controllers (see below.)
6.
Set the Controller parameter to Volume. You can do this quickly by selecting the Controller field,
entering 7 on the alphanumeric pad, and pressing Enter. Make sure the LoVal parameter is set to 0
and the Hi parameter is set to 127 (see below.)
15-13
Tutorial: Song Mode
7.
Use the From and To parameters to set the range of time from which you want to remove your
volume automation. You can play the song and watch the Locate field to determine these times. For
this example, let’s say that we want to erase volume automation from bar 3 (see below.)
8.
Press the Go soft button to delete the selected volume automation. A screen will appear reading
“Erase Operation Completed!” Press the OK soft button to return to the EditSong:TRACK page
(see below.)
9.
Once back on the EditSong:TRACK page, press the Play/Pause button to hear the result. Next,
press the Exit button twice to return to the Song mode MAIN page. You will be presented with the
Song: Save Changes page, where you can decide whether or not to save the changes you have
made.
10. To re-record volume automation, follow the steps in Part 6 b, above.
15-14
Tutorial: Song Mode
Part 7: Learning More About Song Mode
Factory ROM Songs
The PC3 includes a number of pre‐recorded songs stored in the factory ROM. Investigate these songs to see the possibilities of Song mode. Feel free to edit or add to any of these songs in order to learn more about song mode. You can save the demo songs you’ve experimented with under new ID numbers so that you can compare between your version and the original. Also, if you replace a factory ROM song, you can revert to the original song by deleting the song using the Song Mode Delete soft button.
Quantizing
Quantizing is a method of adjusting the timing of notes recorded into a sequence. It can be used to adjust note timing in order to fix mistakes in a performance, or to make notes adhere to a strict timing grid as a stylistic choice (as in much modern electronic music.) Quantized notes have technically perfect timing but tend to sound less like a human performance. Quantization can be applied automatically to each track as it is recorded, or it can be applied after recording to only specific selections. For details see the Quant parameter on page 12‐17 in the Song Mode: The MISC Page section, and the Quantize function on page 12‐27 in the Song Editor: Track Functions section. Creating Loops With The Big Time Page
On the Big Time page you can set the sequencer to loop a selection of bars. Set the Loop parameter to Loop, and set a time for the Time In and Time Out parameters. Now, pressing Play/Pause on the front panel will cause your selection to play repeatedly and seamlessly. You will most commonly want to set your Time In and Time Out points to equal an even number of bars such as 2, 4, 8, etc. Recording into a looped section of bars is a common technique for recording sequence based music. For example, with a drum program selected for a track, you could record a drum part by playing one drum sound each time through a 2 bar loop, until the entire 2 bar drum “beat” sounds complete. Next, you could set the RecMode parameter to Unloop. (To use the UnLoop setting, the Loop parameter must be set to Loop, and a loop length must be set with the Time In and Time Out parameters on the BIG page.) With the RecMode parameter set to Unloop, any existing tracks will be played back as if they were looping from the Time In to the Time Out point, but they are actually being re‐recorded linearly over absolute Bars and Beats until you press Stop. UnLoop allows you to record a linear track over a short looping section without first having to copy the section over and over again to achieve a new desired Song length. The End point of the Song is extended to the downbeat of the (empty) Bar immediately following the last Bar you were recording when Stop was pressed. See RecMode on page 12‐11 for details.
You can also copy, paste, duplicate, or delete sections of the song if you want to reuse sections or make sections shorter or longer (see Song Editing And Structure With Track Functions below for details.) Keep in mind that you can loop any length of a song, and record into a loop with multiple layers of instruments on different tracks. This is also a common method for recording sequence based music, in which you create each section of your song from looped sequences, and then arrange the loops into the desired order for your song’s structure. Afterwards you can make variations to each section if you want the song to have less of a “looped” sound.
15-15
Tutorial: Song Mode
Song Editing And Structure With Track Functions
In song mode you can easily copy part of a sequence to another time in the song, or from one track to another. You can also copy a section of all tracks at once in order to duplicate or structure entire sections of your song, such as verse and chorus sections. You can also choose groups of notes to erase, or entire bars of time to delete. There are many basic and advanced editing functions available. For details see Song Editor: Track Functions on page 12‐24 in Chapter 12, Song Mode and the Song Editor.
Program Changes
If your song requires more than 16 instrument parts, one method of achieving this is with program changes. For example, let’s say you’ve used all 16 tracks but desire a new instrument for the next section of the song. If there is a track whose instrument is not needed in the new section, this track’s program could change to a new instrument sound for the section, and then change back to the original instrument sound after the section. To do this, simply press Record and Play/Pause and then change the Prog parameter on the Song mode MAIN page to the new
program at the desired time. This can be done most precisely if you know the ID# of the program you wish
to change to. Enter the number with the alphanumeric pad and then press Enter when you want to make
the change. You won’t be able to see the numbers you’ve entered until you press Enter, but you can press Cancel to start over if you’ve made a mistake or if you are unsure what you’ve entered.
Use the same method if you would like to change the program back to the original after the new section. The Event List
Song mode is a powerful composition tool because just about anything that you do on the PC3 is recorded into a track as event messages. Once recorded, these events can be altered, copied or removed. Each track has an event list, containing all of the events recorded into a track, from which they can be viewed and edited. For details see Song Editor: The EVENT Page on page 12‐31 in Chapter 12, Song Mode and the Song Editor. 15-16
Specifications
MIDI Implementation Chart
Appendix A
Specifications
MIDI Implementation Chart
Model: PC3
Manufacturer:
Young Chang
Date: 12/01/07
Version 1.0
Digital Synthesizers
Function
Basic Channel
Mode
Transmitted
Recognized
Remarks
Default
1
1
Changed
1 - 16
1 - 16
Default
Mode 3
Mode 3
Messages
Memorized
Use Multi mode for multitimbral applications
Altered
Note Number
Velocity
After Touch
0 - 127
True Voice
0 - 127
0 - 127
Note ON
O
O
Note OFF
O
O
Keys
X
O
Channels
Pitch Bender
True #
0 - 31
32 - 63 (LSB)
64 - 127
O
0 - 31
32 - 63 (LSB)
64 - 127
O
1 - 999
O
1 - 999
0 - 127
0 - 127
O
O*
Song Pos.
O
O
Song Sel.
O
O
System Exclusive
System Common
System Real Time
Aux Messages
Tune
X
X
Clock
O
O
Messages
O
O
Local Control
O
O
All Notes Off
O
O
Active Sense
X
X
X
X
Reset
Notes
Mode 1: Omni On, Poly
Mode 3: Omni Off, Poly
O
O
O
Control Change
Program Change
O
O
Controller assignments are
programmable
Standard and custom
formats
*Manufacturer’s ID = 07
Device ID: default = 0;
programmable 0–127
Mode 2: Omni On, Mono
Mode 4: Omni Off, Mono
O = yes
X =no
A-1
Specifications
Specifications
Specifications
PC3X
Height: (4.33") (11.00 cm)
Depth: (13.98") (35.50 cm)
Length: (54.33") (138 cm)
Weight: (54 lb.) (24.50 kg)
PC3
Height: (4.33") (11.00 cm)
Depth: (13.98") (35.50 cm)
Length: (47.75") (121.29 cm)
Weight: (37.35 lb.) (16.94 kg)
PC361
Height: (4.84") (12.30 cm)
Depth: (13.98") (35.50 cm)
Length: (39.37") (100 cm)
Weight: (30.86 lb.) (14.00 kg)
Power
Internal AC power supply.
User selectable 120/240V AC operation.
120V current 0.5A maximum
240V current 0.25A maximum
Typical Power Consumption is 25 watts power-on, 0 watts power-off.
Audio Outputs
Main and Aux: Balanced 1/4 TRS jack
+21DBu maximum output
400 ohms balanced source impedance
24-bit A-to-D converters
>120dB dynamic range, balanced
Headphones: 8Vrms maximum output,
47 ohms source impedance
A-2
Appendix B
PC3 Bootloader
The Bootloader is the program that runs when the PC3 is first turned on. Its job is to check that hardware is functional, initialize the digital systems, and load the main synthesizer program. Under normal circumstances you might not even notice that the Bootloader is there at all, since the PC3 will start up on its own without any problem. However, if you want to update your unit, or perform maintenance on it, you may need to interact with the Bootloader program itself. This appendix describes what the Bootloader can do and how you can use its functions.
The first thing to understand is that PC3 executable programs and all object data reside on a file system contained inside the instrument. This file system is based on flash memory technology and will persist across power cycles. When the PC3 starts up, the Bootloader copies the synthesizer program into memory and executes it ‐ just like a PC “boots up” when you turn it on. The PC3 also stores its factory‐defined objects, and all of your own customized user objects on the file system. The Bootloader program itself is not found on the file system. Instead, it resides in a ROM chip that cannot be erased, and therefore is permanently installed in your PC3.
Using the Bootloader Menu
Normally the Bootloader program will do its tasks and hand over control to the synthesizer program automatically. If you want to interact with the Bootloader itself, hold down the Exit button (to the right of the display) while turning the power on (while the message “Initializing Scanner” is displayed on the front panel). Instead of completing the boot process, the Bootloader will display its main menu page on the screen:
PC3 Boot Loader Version 1.0
RUN UPDATE RUN SYSTEM FILE
PC3 IMAGE DIAGS RESET UTILITIES
Use the soft buttons underneath the display to choose an action.
RUN PC3 This will boot the system in its usual way. This is useful if you’ve updated the synthesizer program and want to try it out.
UPDATE IMAGE
This offers a menu of choices to you for system update.
RUN DIAGS
This will run the PC3 diagnostics which can help determine if there’s a hardware error on your unit, and if so what it is.
SYSTEM RESET
This will clear out all user‐defined objects and return the PC3 to its default “Factory” state.
FILE UTILITIES
This offers a menu of file system functions that can be useful in maintaining your system or diagnosing software problems.
You can also enter the Bootloader menu from the Master Mode menu during normal operation.
B--1
Updating PC3 Software and Objects
The most common use of the Bootloader menu is to update your PC3 using new versions of software and objects supplied by Kurzweil. New versions will be made periodically as we add new features or improve performance; download these free upgrades from our website at www.kurzweil.com.
There are two ways to send files to the PC3: using an xD memory card, or via the USB cable connected to a computer. The Bootloader recognizes both methods, and will choose the one that is active when requested, i.e. a card plugged into the socket on the rear panel or the USB cable plugged in to an active computer supporting USB communications.
The PC3 is compatible with xD cards type S (up to 512MB) or type M+ (up to 1 GB) formatted FAT16. (The PC3 does NOT support type M or type H xD cards.) To use a card you’ll need a card writer that will allow you to copy files to the card from a computer. Most modern Windows and MacOS computers support card writing in a very straightforward way. You should be able to drag and drop the PC3 files right onto the card directory. After the files are copied, remove the card from the card writer and place it in the xD slot on the rear panel of the PC3. The card contacts face upward.
To use a USB transfer, you should plug the USB cable into the PC3 and the computer. After you enter the bootloader menu, the computer should recognize that a new device is available having the name “KurzweilPC3”. Files can be dragged and dropped directly to this device icon and will be immediately available on the PC3.
The UPDATE IMAGE menu looks like this:
What module do you want to update?
MAIN DIAG MAIN ALT RESTORE
IMAGE IMAGE OBJECT OBJECT OLDER
<back>
Use the soft buttons below the display to choose the appropriate module to update. Most of the time you’ll want to choose “MAIN IMAGE” or “MAIN OBJECT”. The executable image file will be a file with a name like: PC3SY150.BIN. The object library file will have a name like: OBJ120.PC3. After choosing a module type to load, the PC3 will present a list of files available on the active transfer media (card or USB). If both a card and a USB cable are plugged in and have files on them, you will be offered a choice.
Use the UP and DOWN arrow buttons or the alpha wheel to choose a file from the file list displayed on the screen. The asterisk on the left side points to the file selected. If there are subdirectories on the card, you can use the soft buttons labeled DOWN and UP to navigate through them. When you’ve selected the file you want to install, press the soft button labeled CHOOSE to perform the installation.
If you have updated an image but wish to return to the earlier version, you can use the RESTORE OLDER feature in the UPDATE IMAGE menu. You will again be asked to choose the image to restore. Note that only one version of the previous image is available to be restored. If you’ve restored once, another restore will bring back the most recently updated version.
B--2
PC3 Diagnostics
This program runs specific hardware checks on PC3 systems. Most of the time you won’t need to run the diagnostics, but if you’re having some problems with the instrument it may be helpful to perform these interactive tests when contacting Kurzweil support.
To exit the diagnostic program, press the EXIT button. You will return to the main Bootloader menu.
System Reset
If you’ve made many, complex updates to your objects, and have saved a number of files off to external storage, you might want to restore the instrument to its default state. This is especially helpful if you’re having problems getting sound programs or setups to work properly, or think there may be some kind of underlying hardware problem. To clear all user objects and restore the factory default state, press the soft button labeled SYSTEM RESET on the Bootloader menu. The PC3 will ask you to confirm this action. Press RESET to complete the clear function, and CANCEL to stop without altering anything.
Remember to save your work in the Storage menu. Once deleted, the files are completely removed from the PC3 and there is no way to retrieve them.
File Utilities
These functions allow you to move files from the external storage onto the PC3 internal file system or vice versa. It is also possible to execute PC3 images directly from a card or USB file, which can be useful in diagnosing and fixing system errors.
The most commonly used function in this menu is FORMAT card. This cleans up an xD card and restores its file structure. Cards are occasionally corrupted during usage, through electronic glitches or other errors. If your card becomes unreadable, you can restore it using the FORMAT function. Note that all files on the card are completely and permanently deleted with this function ‐ so use with caution!
It is possible to execute a PC3 program image directly from the external device. Press the soft button labeled “EXEC from file” to do this. The Bootloader will present a list of available files on the external storage (card or USB) of which you can select one using the UP/DOWN arrow buttons as described above under Updating PC3 Software.
B--3
Restoring the PC3 File System
It is possible (though not likely) that the PC3 file system can become corrupted due to hardware failure or power outage during certain operations. This will result in the Bootloader being unable to bring up the synthesizer system correctly. In such a circumstance, the Bootloader will take over control and present its usual menu. If the file system is completely corrupted, it will not be possible to reconfigure without first formatting the internal flash memory.
To rebuild the system from a corrupted state, you must run the PC3FILES utility which is shipped with your PC3 on the CD‐ROM, or which can be downloaded from the Kurzweil website. Copy this program (called PC3FILES.BIN) onto an xD card and insert the card into the PC3 card slot, or start the PC3 Bootloader with the USB cable connected to a computer and copy the program to the USB window. You should also copy the current PC3 executable image and diagnostics images, and the PC3 object library, to the same external medium used for the PC3FILES program.
Choose “FILE UTILITIES” and “EXEC from file” soft buttons, and select PC3FILES.BIN from the list of files shown. Press the soft button labeled “CHOOSE” to execute the PC3FILES program. The program will display the menu:
PC3 File System Utility 0.02
File system status <status given here>
FORMAT SETUP COPY FILE
FLASH SYSTEM FILES UTILS QUIT
Press the soft button labeled FORMAT FLASH to reinitialize the internal file system. This will delete everything that was stored internally on the PC3, and leave a clean, empty file system ready for use.
After the format is complete, press the soft button labeled “SETUP SYSTEM”. You will be asked to provide the name of PC3 software modules (main executable and diagnostics) and a PC3 object library. Use the UP/DOWN arrow buttons or alpha wheel to select the requested file, and the CHOOSE soft button to install each one. If you don’t have a particular file ready to load, simply press CANCEL to move on to the next module.
B--4
Appendix C
Changing PC3 Voltage
In most cases, you will not need to change the voltage on your PC3. However, since different countries use different standard voltage settings, there may be times when you need to make the change.
The PC3’s fuse holder (where the power cable plugs in) is where you change the voltage. The marks on the fuse holder are 115 and 230. 115 should be used for voltages from 100 to 125. 230 should be used for 200 to 240. Generally, North America uses 115, and Europe and Asia/
Australia use 230, but there are exceptions to this general rule.
The PC3 uses two 250 mA fast blow fuses for 230V or two 500 mA fast blow fuses for 115V. These can be either 1.25ʺ X 0.25ʺ size or 5 mm X 20 mm size fuses. Extra fuses are not provided, so you will need to acquire the correct fuse before you change the voltage.
Removing the fuse holder
Remove the power cord.
Pry open the fuse holder cover. Use a thin tool inserted into the hole where the red voltage indicator shows through.
C--1
Pull up gently to open the fuse holder cover. The cover is hinged next to the power cord connection.
Pry out the fuse holder.
C--2
If there is only one fuse in the fuse holder, you must remove the metal clip on the empty side.
The clip just pulls off:
C--3
The clip removed from the fuse holder:
Remove the fuse. Install two 250 mA fast blow fuses for 230V or two 500 mA fast blow fuses for 115V, one on each side of the fuse holder.
The fuse holder will accept either 1.25ʺ X 0.25ʺ size or 5 mm X 20 mm size fuses. If using 5 mm X 20 mm size fuses, install them towards the inside end of the fuse holder near the metal pins, as shown here:
Replace the fuse holder in the power entry module with the indicator for the desired voltage towards the edge of the module, away from the power switch. Close the fuse holder cover, and check that the desired voltage indication shows through the hole. Replace the power cord.
C--4
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Programs
Appendix D
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Programs
Press the Info soft button for controller information.
ID
Program
ID
Program
ID
Program
1
Standard Grand
25
WoodstockClunker
49
Greggʹs B
2
Studio Grand 26
Stage Mix Wurly 50
Real AllOut B
3
RubensteinSWComp
27
Supertramp Wurly
51
Clean Perc
4
Horowitz Grand 28
FlydDarkside/Wah
52
The Ninth Bar
5
NYC Jazz Grand 29
Whatʹd I SayWrly
53
Lordʹs B3 MW
6
Pop Power Piano 30
DeepFuzz Wurly 54
OleTime Gospel
7
ColdPliano 31
No Quarter Pnt
55
FooledAgnVox
8
Grand ʺEvansʺ
32
MistyMountain EP
56
BostonScreamer
9
Blues Piano 1974
33
UK Pop CP70
57
Power Pop Horns
10
Rock Piano 1974
34
AcidJazzVelFlute
58
Sax/Trumpet Sctn
11
Lola Piano
35
TimbaSynth 59
BigBand/AMradio
12
TakeMeToThePilot
36
Blue PVC Tubes 60
MeanSalsaSection
13
Debʹs Ghost Pno
37
SimpleHipHopLead
61
R&B/Funk Section
14
Ken Brns Uprigt
38
Stereo TouchKoto
62
Bassie Orchestra
15
SMiLE/RkyRaccoon
39
Modwheel DJ 63
P*Funk Horns
16
Piano & String
40
Retro Sparkle
64
70s Stones Horns
17
Beaten in Rhds 41
RealSupasticious
65
Big LA Strings 18
Stevieʹs Rhds 42
Joeʹs Clav
66
DarkNYCStudio
19
GilpinʹsSuitcase
43
Rufus/Marley WAH
67
Pop Tripper Str 20
Dukeʹs Dyno Rhds
44
Black Cow Clav
68
LoFi Studio Str 21
MotorBootyMutron
45
Hiya Ground sw
69
Vienna Octaves
22
Sweet Loretta EP
46
TrampledUnder D6
70
London Spiccato 23
Rhds/WahSW
47
Harpsichord
71
Pizzicato
24
Hotrod Dyno Rhds
48
BriteHarpsichord
72
Tremolando D-1
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Programs
ID
Program
ID
Program
ID
Program
73
Choir Complete
104
Rockinʹ Lead MW
135
Perfect PnoPad
74
Haah Singers 105
P‐Bass 136
Dreamy Piano 75
Manhattan Voices
106
E‐Bass
137
Piano w DvStrgs
76
Aaahlicious
107
Beasties Bass
138
PnoAgtStrngs
77
NYC in LA 108
Flea/Bootsy
139
The Ancient
78
Crystal Voices
109
Big Dummy 140
DancePnoEchplex 79
Airy Pad
110
Jaco Fretless 141
Ivory Harp
80
Cathedral Vox
111
Upright Growler 142
Piano Lushness
81
Classic Comp 112
Levin/GabrlFrtls
143
Piano & Wash
82
Fitty‐Fitty Lead
113
NYC Kits
144
Piano & Vox Pad
83
Big Old Jupiter
114
LA Kits 145
XfadBelltoneRhds
84
9Yards Bass 115
Rock Kits 146
Extreme Hardstrk
85
BowhSaw Bass
116
Roots/Indie Kit
147
Fagen Phaser
86
ARPesque Bass
117
Kikz/Snarz MW
148
RoyalScam Rhds 87
DaywalkerBassMW
118
EarthKikz n Snrz
149
AustnCtyLmtsWrly
88
Harpolicious 119
Anazlog Machine 150
BrightDynamicWly
89
Slo QuadraPad
120
Produced Kit ʹ08
151
ʹ70sWahLeslieEP 90
Phase Shimmer
121
Natural Perc 152
3 Dog Pianet
91
Le Pesque 122
Rhythm 4 Reel
153
Classic DX Rhds 92
Wispy One
123
New Marimba 154
Rich EP+Pad
93
Bladerunner ARP
124
2‐HandSteelDrums
155
90ʹs FM Shimmer 94
Fairlight Pad
125
Real Vibes
156
Bright HardstrEP
95
Tronesque
126
SteamPunkMallets
157
Crisp and Soft
96
So Lush Pad
127
Magic Celeste
158
Soft Warm Ballad
97
Boutique Six Str
128
Drums ʹn Bells
159
TX Stack 1
98
Boutique 12 Str 129
Piano Stack
160
Tight Bright FM 99
Emo Verser 130
Dark Grand
161
PolyTechnobreath
100
Voxxed Elec 12
131
Grand Piano 440
162
PianoSynth Stack
101
Real Nylon 132
Piano Recital
163
Elec Grand Stack
102
Dual Strat 133
Ole Upright 1
164
BigSyn/HornStack
103
BurningTubes MW
134
WestCoastPno&Pad
165
ʹ70s Arena Synth
D-2
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Programs
ID
Program
ID
Program
ID
Program
166
ʹ80s Arena Synth
197
Owenʹs Strings
228
Compʹd Phaser 167
ʹ90s Funk Stack
198
Studio C Strings
229
TremBucker 168
Nexx Prog Stack
199
Tender Strings
230
Cascade Sitar
169
Crisp Clav
200
Toxic Strings
231
Heavy Buckers 170
Stevie Fuzz
201
Mixed Choir
232
Nastyʹ70s Guitar
171
HeartbreakerWAH 202
Concert Choir 233
Finger Bass 172
ChoclateSaltyClv
203
Aaah Vocals
234
KneeDeepMinimoog
173
SailinShoes Clav
204
Jazzy Ballad Vox
235
AC Buzzer Bass
174
StopMakingSense
205
AntiqueAhhChorus
236
Motown Bass
175
Harpsi Rotovibe
206
Bright Syn Vox
237
SquireʹsHeavyPik
176
PhsyclGrafitiClv
207
Vox Orgel
238
Lowdown Bass
177
ParisCmboAccordn
208
Vox & Strings
239
Eberhardt Frtls
178
WhiterShadeB3
209
Press Lead 240
Sly Bass
179
Doors Vox
210
ClassSquare
241
Maroon Drums 180
Indagardenoveden
211
ARP2500 Brass 242
BourneRemixDrum 181
Animals Vox
212
SynBell Morph
243
BeastieRetroDrum
182
Magic Wolf
213
Perc>Morph>Bass 244
DryPumpinʹDrums 183
Farfisa 1
214
EvilOctaveWheel 245
ʹ60s Rock&Soul 184
VASTBars1‐3,8&9 215
TranceRiff 246
Headhunters Kit 185
1‐Note PowerRiff
216
SickoSynco
247
FranticHouseDrms
186
Miami Pop Horns
217
Buzzy Strings 248
Dance/Marilyn 187
80sPopOctaveSax 218
VA1Saw/Sqr/Pulse
249
Mellow Marimba
188
BuenaVista Brass
219
Airy Impact 250
Skullophonic 189
Tenor Express
220
Spiderʹs Web
251
Percussionist
190
Sgt.Pepper Brass
221
ARP Big Synth 252
Shiny Sparkles
191
Goldfinger Brass
222
Class Pad
253
HybridTuned Perc
192
Bari/TenorSect 223
HarmonicEnvelops
254
Dynamic Perc 193
Studio A Strings
224
Heaven & Earth 255
Cageʹs Ensemble
194
Studio B Octaves
225
Bling 6 String
256
Magic Mbira
195
NashvilleStrings
226
MediumCrunchLead
257
CP80 Enhanced
196
Processed Strgs
227
DoubleCleanChrs 258
Gabrielʹs Melt
D-3
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Programs
ID
Program
ID
Program
ID
Program
259
VideoKilledRadio
290
Stereo Pickups
321
Yesesis Tron Str
260
Brighter CP
291
70sBubblegumClav
322
Moby TurntblTron
261
TouchRezSynthCP
292
TreblClavWhlmute
323
Space Oditty
262
Power CP
293
Mutron+Synth sw
324
RocknRollSuicide
263
Dark Chorus CP
294
Bi*Phaz Clav
325
Octave Tron Str
264
Inside Out CP
295
ʹ80s Flange Clav
326
Siberian Khatru
265
Pianet Classic
296
VAST Env SynClav
327
Modwhl Remix Str
266
Sheʹs Not There
297
Charlemagne Clav
328
Pdl PitchbendStr
267
Walrus Pianet
298
Switch Pickups 329
Silent Sorrow
268
Flaming Hohner
299
EvilWomanDeepFuz
330
Bandpass Choir
269
PowerChordPianet
300
Headhunters WAH
331
Swept Tron Voice
270
Sly Ballad
301
MorleyWAH Clav
332
Mellotron Flutes
271
Black Friday
302
Dbl WAH Insanity
333
SldrEQ Mltrn Vox
272
These Eyes
303
Psychedeliclav
334
StrawberryFlutes
273
VA1 Saw Lead
304
Preston SpaceWah
335
White Satin Splt
274
VA1 Sqr Lead
305
Analog/DigHybrid
336
3Way Split Mltrn
275
MaroonSynBass 306
Jump! Obx
337
RMI Harpsi
276
VA1DistBassSolo!
307
ʹ80s End Credits
338
Lamb Lies Down
277
DownwardSpiralMW
308
VA1Distlead CC 339
RMI Piano&Harpsi
278
VA1DstPulseWheel
309
Divider 340
BrightRMI Pn/Hrp
279
NewOrderPulses 310
Mono Trekkies
341
Dual Mode Harpsi
280
VA1 DetunedPulse
311
Disco Divebomb
342
RoyalKingWakeman
281
VA1 Detuned Saws
312
MutronTweetyPerc
343
OrganMode Pn/Hrp
282
VA1 Detuned Sqrs
313
Disgusting Bass 344
Dr.Johnʹs RMI
283
VA1 Emerson Lead
314
VA1ShaperSweeper
345
Phase sw Organ
284
MwhlClubsweeper 315
ElectroPercSynth
346
Spaced Out Bach
285
Innervate 316
MWhlMayhemBass
347
Tobacco Road RMI
286
ChemBrosBassLead
317
ElectronicaSplit
348
Traffic EP
287
UFO Pad 318
HiPassMWhlBlips 349
Tekno Tempo Echo
288
VA1SliderMorphSQ
319
Plasma Cannon
350
Trick of thʹTail
289
Shoobie Model C
320
32 Layer Bass! 351
RMI Clav WAH
D-4
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Programs
ID
Program
ID
Program
ID
Program
352
Dream On Session
383
MeanStereoSweep 414
Winds & Esp Str
353
LightYearStrings
384
PulseVowel
415
Horns,Winds&Str
354
Funkensteinz ARP
385
Winds & Strings
416
TripleStrikeOrch
355
Murky Rez Pad
386
Winds, Horn & Str 417
Tutti Orchestra 356
St PanPhase ARP
387
More Brass & Str
418
StBaroque Harpsi
357
ARP Str+Oberheim
388
LH Timp Roll Orch
419
String Continuo
358
FX Sweep ARP
389
Gothic Climax 420
VivaldiOrchestra
359
HotFilter ARP
390
Denouement 421
Trumpet Voluntary
360
St.P PWM BASS 391
Poltergeist Trem
422
Fifes & Drums
361
SquareChirpLead
392
Many Characters 423
Solo Flute 362
My Old PPG*2.3
393
Pizz w/PercUpTop
424
Tremolo Flute 363
Kashmir Str+Brs
394
Fast Str & Perc
425
Fast Orch Flute
364
Genesis Broadway
395
Fast Winds &Pizz
426
Piccolo
365
GarthsLastWaltz
396
Imperial Army 427
Solo Oboe
366
Synbrass Pillow
397
BattleSceneOrch
428
Slow Oboe
367
Warszawa Layers
398
Final Victory 429
Fast Orch Oboe 368
ELOStringSection
399
SloLineInterlude
430
Lead Oboe
369
Outkast Drums
400
Winds&EspressStr
431
Solo Eng Hrn prs
370
PopRockʹ08 Kit
401
Fast Winds & Str
432
Fast Orch EngHrn
371
Hello Brooklyn
402
SugarPlumFairies
433
Slow EngHorn prs
372
Snoop Kit
403
AdagioPizz Split
434
Lead English Horn
373
EpicRemixDrums
404
Pastoral Orch 435
Solo Clarinet
374
ZooYorkRemixDrms
405
Pastoral Clr Flt
436
Slo OrchClarinet
375
Roc‐A‐Fella Kit 406
Pastoral DblRds
437
Fast Orch Clar 376
Breakestra Kit 407
Pastoral w/ Pizz 438
Lead Clarinet
377
Cosmic Sus Pedal
408
Strings & Silver
439
Solo Bassoon
378
DigitalMoonscape
409
Reeds & Bells
440
Solo Bassoon vib
379
FalgorʹsLament 410
Perc Atk Strings
441
Solo Dbl Reeds
380
BPM BionicStrngs
411
William Tell A
442
Woodwind Section
381
Swell & Hold
412
William Tell B
443
Ensemble WWinds 382
Bowie/Heroes Pad
413
Orch w/ Bells On
444
BassClar/Clar/Fl
D-5
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Programs
ID
Program
ID
Program
ID
Program
445
Solo Fr Horn
476
Solo Cello fast
507
Glockenspiel 446
Ensemble Fr Horn
477
Solo Cello slow
508
Chimes/Glock
447
Lead French Horn
478
Solo Basso 1
509
Bells Across
448
Dyn Orch Fr Horns
479
Solo Basso 2 slo
510
CelesteGlockHarp
449
HornSect Layer 480
String Quartet 511
Chime Bell
450
Solo BrtTrumpet 481
Solo Harp
512
Carillon
451
Hard Trumpet
482
Orch Harp 1
513
Adagio Strings
452
Lead Trumpet
483
Delicate Harp 514
Adagio Divisi St
453
Soft Trumpet
484
HarpArps & Gliss
515
Lead Strings
454
Slow Soft Trp
485
Slo Orch Chorus 516
Lead Divisi Str 455
Two Lead Trumpets
486
Pipe Stops
517
Fast Strings
456
Lead MuteTrumpet
487
Soft Stops 518
Fast Divisi Str
457
Solo Tenor Sax
488
All Stops 519
Aggresso Strings
458
Sax,Horns,MuteTrp
489
Chapel Organ
520
AggressDivisiStr
459
Solo Trombone
490
AllStops AllVox
521
Adagio Tutti Mix
460
Ens Trombone
491
Pipes & Voices
522
AdagioDivisi Mix
461
Trombone Section
492
Orch Timpani
523
Lead Divisi Mix
462
Dyn Orch Bones 493
Solo Timpani
524
Lead Tutti Mix 463
Bari Horn Section
494
Tam/Cym/BD/Timp
525
Fast Tutti Mix
464
Dyn Bari Horns 495
Basic Orch Perc 526
Fast Divisi Mix
465
Solo Tuba
496
Timp & Aux Perc 527
AggressTutti Mix
466
Dyn Orch Tuba 497
Temple Blocks
528
AggressDivisiMix
467
Low Orch Brass
498
Modern Blockery
529
Agrs lo/Trem hi
468
Low Brass Chorale 499
Perc & Blocks
530
AgresTrem 8ves 469
Fast Orch Brass 500
Stereo Tam‐tam
531
AgressoHalfTrem 470
Brass Fanfare
501
Cymbal Roll Tr
532
Fast Tremolandi
471
Dyn Orch Trumpets
502
Xylophone
533
SloStr Prs Trem
472
Solo Violin fast
503
Solo Marimba
534
Marcato PrsTrem 473
Folk Violin slow
504
Orch Marimba
535
Sfz Prs Trem 474
Solo Viola fast
505
Vibraphone
536
Poltergeist Pad 475
Solo Viola slow
506
Celeste
537
AdagioTremSplit
D-6
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Programs
ID
Program
ID
Program
ID
Program
538
Full Pizzicato
569
Largo conSordino
600
Fast Violin II
539
Touch Full Pizz
570
Largo 8ves
601
Fast Violin div
540
Variable Pizz
571
Espressivo Lead 602
Fast Viola
541
PizzBass/ArcoLead
572
EspressivoViolas
603
Fast Viola div
542
Lead & Adagio
573
Slow Thick Mix 604
Fast Cello
543
Adagio Split 574
VerySloVeryThick
605
Fast Cello div
544
Adagio Bs/Vln I 575
Touch Thick Mix 606
Fast Bassi
545
TripleStrike Str
576
More Viola 607
Fast Bassi div
546
AdagioTutti 8ves
577
SloStr Prs Swell
608
Fast Tremolo 547
AdagioDiv 8ves 578
Rite of Strings 609
Legato Violins I
548
Adagio Octaves
579
Adagio Violins I
610
Legato Violins II
549
Lead & 8vaAdagio
580
Adagio ViolinsII
611
Legato Violin div
550
Dual Slow Split 581
AdagioViolin div
612
Legato Violas
551
LeadTuttiMix B
582
Adagio Violas 613
Legato Viola div
552
Lead Strings Split
583
AdagioViolas div
614
Legato Celli 553
Lead MixOctvs 584
Adagio Celli 615
Legato Celli div
554
Divisi Mix +solo
585
Adagio Celli div
616
Legato Bassi 555
Lead Upper Range
586
Adagio Bassi 617
Legato Bassi div
556
Lead Div 8ves 587
Adagio Bassi div
618
Legato Tremolo 557
Dual UpperDivisi
588
Adagio Tremolo 619
Aggresso Violin
558
Dual Upper tutti
589
Lead Violins I
620
Aggresso Vln II
559
Dual Half Trem 590
Lead Violins II
621
Aggresso Violin d
560
Fast Mix Octaves
591
Lead Violins div
622
Aggresso Viola
561
Fast Divisi 8ves
592
Lead Violas
623
Aggresso Viola d
562
Marcato divisi 593
Lead Violas div
624
Aggresso Cello
563
Marcato Mix 1
594
Lead Celli
625
Aggresso Cello d 564
Marcato Mix 2
595
Lead Celli div
626
Agresso Bassi
565
Marcato Mix 3
596
Lead Bassi 627
Agresso Bassi d
566
Slo Muted Strings
597
Lead Bassi div
628
Agresso Tremolo
567
Largo Mix 598
Lead Tremolo 629
Rigbyʹs Strings
568
Largo Mix 2 599
Fast Violin I
630
Keyboard Strings
D-7
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Programs
ID
Program
ID
Program
ID
Program
631
StringMachine
662
Lʹtric Nat Kit
693
Bug Zapper Kit
632
Lush Pad 663
TrashPanTom Kit
694
Elektro Sand Kit
633
Add A Pad 1
664
Tin Man Kit
695
Sandy Bottʹm Kit
634
Add a Pad 2 665
Cheapo Dist Kit 696
Box oʹ Sand Kit 635
Hi Res StringPad
666
AngryBastard Kit
697
Fine Grit Kit 636
LoFi Strings 667
Vibra Lunch Kit 698
Matchmaker Kit
637
Blue Resonance 668
Ricochet Kit 699
Zucchinni Kit
638
AutoRes StrPad
669
Fridaʹs Gate Kit
700
Pump da Well Kit
639
Ethereal Joe 670
Metallic Cut Kit
701
Lʹtrk Reflux Kit
640
Adagio Magic 671
Cannibal Kit 702
Squash Clap Kit 641
Brt Natural Kit 672
Tunnel Feel Kit 703
Scoopit Up Kit 642
SmoothRocker Kit
673
Tuna Slap Kit 704
Tone Keeper Kit 643
Low Rocker Kit 674
Plywood Kit 705
Phase ʺEʺ Kit 644
SuperNatural Kit
675
Door Knocker Kit
706
Straw Blow Kit 645
Big Woosh Kit 676
Slapstick Kit 707
Falling Star Kit
646
Fat Nat Kit 677
Scratchbox Kit 708
Super Ball Kit 647
Abe Junior Kit 678
Anvil Head Kit 709
Pixie Dust Kit
648
Charlemagne Kit
679
Cat Scratch Kit 710
Air Waves Kit 649
H‐Fact Kit 680
Scream Kit MW
711
Tub Floater Kit 650
SoftCookie Kit 681
Mangled Kit
712
Why Not Kit
651
Brushes Kit 682
Rawhide Kit 713
Turntablism Kit
652
HipgigJunior Kit
683
Shrugie Kit
714
Studio3and4 653
Cocktail Kit
684
Big Dog Kit 715
RadioKings
654
BeatBoxBrush Kit
685
Sweeper Kit 716
ResonntTraps
655
Jinglehop Kit 686
Gravel Dump Kit 717
AmbientRock
656
Tiny Bopper Kit 687
Mudflap Kit 718
Coliseum Kit
657
Moveʹn Air Kit 688
Mud Slinger Kit 719
RipperKit
658
Aliʹs Punch Kit 689
Shrugʹs BrosʹKit
720
TripTrash 659
Rock Trance Kit 690
Wet Sponge Kit 721
Beatbox
660
Ringling Pop Kit
691
Succotash Kit
722
SumpKitMWSus
661
Marley Kit 692
Backsweep Kit 723
ElectroKitMW
D-8
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Programs
ID
Program
ID
Program
ID
Program
724
Paper Tom 778
Poly Sweep 2 809
8ʹ Diapason
725
Boinker 779
Scat Vocals
810
8ʹ Ped Bourdon
726
GlubFlangeKit 780
Scat Choir
811
8ʹ Reed
727
DryFattyKit 781
FM SqareBell
812
8ʹ Gamba 728
Drums w Bass 1 782
Toot Lead
813
8ʹ DiaCeleste
729
RMI ElecKit 783
WetToot
814
8ʹ Ballpark Stop
730
GateClapDrmLE
784
LegatoBrassyLead
815
8ʹ Viol 731
Dub Kit 785
Treble FM Lead
816
51/3ʹ Ped Bourd.
732
Rock Room Drums 786
Delicate FM Lead
817
4ʹ Open Flute 733
ResNoise Kit 787
Micromoog Plus 818
4ʹ Stop Flute
734
144ms Gated Kit 788
Deep Vox Bed 819
4ʹ Diapason
735
FatNoise Kit 789
SloSynOrch Wet
820
4ʹ Ped Bourdon
736
Hypd Natural Kit
790
Vox Bed 2
821
4ʹ Reed
737
Rango Kit 791
Hi Vox Cloud
822
4ʹ Gamba 738
NoiseSlapToms 792
LFO Pitcher Pad
823
4ʹ DiaCeleste
739
16LayerCake Kit
793
MagicChinaFlower
824
4ʹ Ballpark Stop
740
HopRoom Kit
794
Climax Perc
825
4ʹ Viol 741
Natural Ringer 795
16ʹ Open Flute 826
2 2/3ʹ OpenFlute
742
BeachGroover 796
16ʹ Stop Flute
827
2 2/3ʹ StopFl 12
743
Rock Snarer 797
16ʹ Diapason
828
2 2/3ʹ Diapason
744
Drum Pad Kit 1 798
16ʹ Ped Bourdon
829
2 2/3ʹ Reed
745
Filter Kit 799
16ʹ Ped Diapason
830
22/3ʹ Gamba 769
FM E Piano 1 800
16ʹ Ped Reed 831
2 2/3ʹ DiaCelest
770
FM E Piano 2 801
16ʹ Reed A
832
22/3ʹ Ballpark S
771
Hybrid DX & Pad
802
16ʹ Reed B
833
2 2/3ʹ Viol 772
FluidStradaGtr
803
16ʹ Gamba 834
2ʹ Open Flute
773
Fluid E Gtr 804
16ʹ DiaCeleste
835
2ʹ Stop Flute
774
OrganWaveComper
805
16ʹ Ballpark Sto
836
2ʹ Diapason
775
Poly Brassy 806
16ʹ Viol 837
2ʹ Reed
776
SynBrass Comper
807
8ʹ Open Flute 838
2ʹ Gamba 777
PolyPitch Brass 808
8ʹ Stop Flute
839
2ʹ DiaCeleste
D-9
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Programs
ID
Program
ID
Program
ID
Program
840
2ʹ Ballpark Stop
924
Wah B3+Echoplx
955
GM Synth Kit
841
2ʹ Viol 925
Sweet n Nice
956
GM Jazz Kit
842
Pro Piano 926
Soft Chords
957
GM Brush Kit
843
Big Pop Piano 927
SputtringingB3
958
GM Orch Kit
897
Ezraʹs Burner
928
Melvin C.
959
VAST1‐3Ch/Perc 898
HotTubeGospel
929
All Out
960
VAST1‐3 Ch/Perc2
899
B3 Midrange
930
Jʹs Comper
961
Fisherʹs VAST B3
900
Blues&Gospel
931
Brother Jack
962
Ripply Six 901
Prog B3 Perc2
932
Model One
963
Ripple Siner 902
Prog B3 Perc3
933
Thick Gospel
964
Ripple Thump 903
Tube B3 Perc
934
Growler B
965
Ripple RevDrum 904
Prog B3 Perc4
935
Ready 2 Rock
966
Dark RevDrum 905
BrgtTubeScream
936
Thimmer
967
SpacerLead 906
Zepelin Solo
937
The Real ABC
968
Ripple Sine2
907
Argent B3
938
GospelSpecial
969
Ripple Thump2
908
MusselShoalsB3
939
In The Corner
970
Blues Harmonica
909
XtremTubeB3Prc
940
NightBaby
971
WheelBowCello 910
Classic Traffic
941
Gimme Some
972
WheelBowViola 911
Warm B3
942
The Grinder
973
WheelBowFiddle 912
Warmer B3
943
Mean Bean
974
Electric Cello 913
ChrsEchoOrgan
944
Dew Dropper
978
Classic MiniBass
914
SlowPhaseOrgan
945
Two Out
979
TalkWahPoly+Syn 915
Room B 946
Jʹs All Out
980
MeanWahMono 916
LordʹsDirtBomb
947
My Sunday
981
Bass Pedal 917
Mellow Mitch
948
Good Starter
982
SyncSqr Template
918
Slyʹs Revenge
949
Sacrificer
983
CarpenterSndtrck
919
LateNighter
950
LeeMichaelsB3
984
ElectroMechLead 920
FirebreatheC3
951
GM Standard Kit
985
PannerTemplate 921
Mr Smith
952
GM Room Kit
986
Hi Arp Delay
922
Errol G.
953
GM Power Kit
987
Perc Arp Synth
923
Testify
954
GM Elec Kit
988
Candy*O SyncLead
D-10
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Programs
ID
Program
ID
Program
ID
Program
989
WheelSyncBlips 1020
VA1NakedPWMMono 4122
Jazz Guitar
990
12SAWMWheelLead
1021
VA1NakedSawPoly 4123
Clean E Gtr
991
HotMalletMWheel 1022
VA1NakedSqrPoly 4124
Muted Guitar
992
ScreaminWhlBass
1023
VA1NakedSqrMono
4125
Overdrive Gtr
993
SyncWheelLead 1024
VA1NakedSawMono 4126
Distorted Gtr
994
ModwheelKotoSyn 4096
GM Piano 1
4127
Gtr Harmonics
995
VASprSaw 4097
Bright Grand
4128
Acoustic Bass
996
VASprSaw+Allpass
4098
Electric Grand
4129
Finger Bass
997
Silent Program
4099
Honky‐Tonk Pno
4130
Picked Bass
998
Click Track
4100
Elec Piano 1
4131
Fretless Bass
999
Default Program
4101
Elec Piano 2
4132
Slap Bass 1
1000
Diagnostic Sine
4102
Harpsichord
4133
Slap Bass 2
1001
Propht V Sync Ld
4103
Clavinet
4134
Synth Bass 1
1002
Tempo SyncPulse
4104
GM Celesta
4135
Synth Bass 2
1003
Slo Syn Orch
4105
Glockenspiel
4136
Violin
1004
Anabrass
4106
Music Box
4137
Viola
1005
Fat Syn Orch
4107
Vibraphone
4138
Cello
1006
WheelGrowlMoogue
4108
Marimba
4139
Contrabass
1007
The Way It Is 4109
Xylophone
4140
Tremolo Strings
1008
AlphaCentauri 4110
Tubular Bells
4141
Pizz Strings
1009
SynOrcWhaleCall
4111
Dulcimer
4142
Harp
1010
Downes Lead
4112
Drawbar Organ
4143
Timpani
1011
Minipulse 4Pole
4113
Perc Organ
4144
Ensemble Strings
1012
BPM Lead 4114
Rock Organ
4145
GM Slow Strs
1013
GatedSqrSweepBPM
4115
Church Organ
4146
Synth Strings 1
1014
BPMEchplexPad 4116
Reed Organ
4147
Synth Strings 2
1015
GatedNoisweepBPM
4117
GM Accordion
4148
Choir Aahs
1016
Cars Square Lead
4118
Harmonica
4149
Voice Oohs
1017
Data Shape Saw 4119
Bandoneon
4150
Synth Vox
1018
Saw+Mogue 4Pole
4120
Nylon Guitar
4151
Orchestra Hit
1019
VA1NakedPWMPoly 4121
Steel Str Gtr
4152
Trumpet
D-11
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Programs
ID
Program
ID
Program
ID
Program
4153
Trombone
4184
Fantasia
4215
Reverse Cymbal
4154
Tuba
4185
Warm Pad
4216
Gtr Fret Noise
4155
Muted Trumpet
4186
Polysynth
4217
Breath Noise
4156
French Horn
4187
Space Voice
4218
Seashore
4157
Brass Section
4188
Bowed Glass
4219
Bird
4158
Synth Brass 1
4189
Metal Pad
4220
Telephone
4159
Synth Brass 2
4190
Halo Pad
4221
Helicopter
4160
Soprano Sax
4191
Sweep Pad
4222
Applause
4161
Alto Sax
4192
Ice Rain
4223
Gun Shot
4162
Tenor Sax
4193
Soundtrack
4163
Baritone Sax
4194
Crystal
4164
Oboe
4195
Atmosphere
4165
English Horn
4196
Brightness
4166
Bassoon
4197
Goblins
4167
Clarinet
4198
Echo Drops
4168
Piccolo
4199
Star Theme
4169
Flute
4200
Sitar
4170
Recorder
4201
Banjo
4171
Pan Flute
4202
Shamisen
4172
Bottle Blow
4203
Koto
4173
Shakuhachi
4204
Kalimba
4174
Whistle
4205
Bagpipe
4175
Ocarina
4206
Fiddle
4176
Square Wave
4207
Shanai
4177
Sawtooth Wave
4208
Tinkle Bell
4178
Synth Calliope
4209
Agogo
4179
Chiffer Lead
4210
Steel Drums
4180
Charang
4211
Wood Block
4181
Solo Vox
4212
Taiko
4182
5th Saw Wave
4213
Melodic Tom
4183
Bass & Lead
4214
Synth Drum
D-12
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Setups
Setups
Press the Info soft button for controller information.
ID
Setup
ID
Setup
ID
Setup
1
TeknoRiff Sw 1‐8
29
Slow Rock 57
Plucked Hammers
2
BluesJam in G
30
Oldies 58
Forbidden Planet
3
Techno Substance
31
Funk 59
Childhood Magic
4
Acoustic Split
32
Latin Danzhall
60
Autobeller
5
Slap/EP Split 33
Metal 61
Square Arpʹer
6
Black Cow Split
34
Growth Pad 62
PizzicatoBenefit
7
Some Loving Splt
35
Morriconeʹs Fall
63
GrandPad & Magic
8
Piano & Pad 36
Strings Old&New
64
TinklySweepySpcy
9
PedalsModeW/Beat
37
MonoBass & ArpSt
65
Pulsing Anthem 10
AnaBanana
38
Jazz Bass/Piano
66
PedHold PnoSolo
11
Sanctuary 39
Bass + KB3 Split
67
Rhythm Pad SW 12
World Beneath 40
Zep KB3/Pianet 68
The Wonders 13
DeepBurn 41
ElectricBass/EP
69
Drops of Jupiter
14
Sync Scene 42
ARP & Bass
70
No Complaints 15
MeanClav/Rhds 43
Fretless Split
71
Brighton Lush 16
Bigband P Bttn1 44
Big Lead 72
Nylon and Ivory
17
MeanPianet/Piano
45
SynBass/Lead 73
Drawbr/Slidr SW 18
Oldtimey Blues 46
Play 74
Mini/E3/Clav
19
OldR&B 47
MovieBuildup 75
LA Split 20
Old School Jam 48
GuitarEnsemble
76
Bluman Live 21
Brooklyn Smoov 49
Big n Warm Pn/Gt
77
Shwales 22
Country 50
Joni Split
78
Edenʹs Sky 23
Rockroll in A
51
StrangeLands
79
Marimbatronic
24
Hip Hop
52
Perc Attack Orch
80
Tronotronic 25
Jazz 53
Disco Fanfare
81
Orch Fantasy 26
Reggae
54
Pad w/Benefits 82
Stringotronic 27
World 55
AnaSoup
83
Harp Ensemble 28
Dance 56
Blue Lights On 84
MarimbasGoneWild
D-13
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Setups
ID
Setup
ID
Setup
ID
Setup
85
Ivory Ensemble 116
Brass Bouncer
147
RichBalladComper
86
Spaces 117
Electric Dancer
148
NewAgeComper
87
Bubble Pad
118
Treso‐Pulser 149
Voyager One
88
Fat Ana 119
Mellow Tripper 150
OrchestraOfBells
89
Frets oʹ Lush 120
SpacePulser 90
Dual Manual B3 121
Mood Arp C2
91
Dual Manual B3 2
122
Strum Thurmond
92
Dual Manual B3 3
123
Drum n Bassr
93
Dual Manual B3 4
124
funk setup 94
Mwhl Blips ARP
125
Hazel Jam
95
Mwheel DJ Arp
126
Internal Voices
96
Margarita Split
127
Clear Setup
97
ConstantGardener
128
Default Setup 98
Run Rago Run 129
GetBerni Sld E‐I
99
Bionic Rock
130
Pipe Organ 1
100
Pea Soup
131
Pipe Organ 2
101
Walking Arps 132
Pipe Organ 3
102
Eminence in C
133
Pipe Organ 4
103
VampireNightclub
134
Pipe Organ 5
104
Kurz Jacinto
135
Pipe Organ 6
105
Music Bed
136
BuildAnOrchestra
106
Octavia 137
Sugar Plum Army
107
Rosin Rhythm
138
FanfareOrchestra
108
Insanity 139
ElecFanfareOrch
109
Bells 140
ElecBalladOrch
110
LowChunkerGroove
141
Magic Pizz Orch 111
Hold Sum Notes 142
ElecBalladSplit 112
Reich Piano 143
Jaco n Joe 113
AnaBouncer 144
PianoComp/Split
114
The Factory 145
Fusion Comper 115
FattyFatFat
146
Pno&Choir‐or‐Str
D-14
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Chains
Effect Chains
#
Chain
#
Chain
#
Chain
1
Little Booth 32
Stereo Chorus 63
Ring Modulation
2
Soundboard 33
Dense Chorus 64
Frequency Offset
3
Small Dark Room
34
Soft Flange 65
Lazer Tag Flange
4
Sax Chamber
35
Wetlip Flange 66
Fallout PitchLFO
5
Small Hall 36
Flanged Taps
67
Reverse Reverb 6
Medium Hall 37
Slow Deep Phaser
68
Reverse Reverb 2
7
Green Room 38
Fast&Slow Phaser
69
Oil Tank Reverb
8
Opera House 39
Phaser EGT 70
Laser Reverb
9
Real Nice Verb
40
Thin Phase Sweep
71
Gated Laserverb
10
Empty Stage 41
Tremolo BPM 72
ReverseLaserverb
11
Med Drum Room
42
Simple Panner
73
Envelope Followr
12
AbbeyPianoHall
43
Thin Phase Sweep
74
Envelope Filter2
13
Predelay Hall
44
Leslie start
75
Trip Filter 14
Sweeter Hall
45
SubtleDistortion
76
Stereoizer 15
Concert Hall
46
EPiano Distortzn
77
Barberpole Phzr
16
Symphony Hall 47
Distortion + EQ
78
Laser Dly Reverb
17
Cathedral Chorus
48
Rayʹs EP 79
Degenerator 18
DeepChorsDlyHall
49
Scooped Distort 80
Basic Delay 1/8
19
Omni Stage
50
Burning Tubes! 81
Arp Delay Loop
20
Classic Plate 51
3BandDrumComp 129
Basic Delay 1/8
21
MediumWarm Plate
52
Snare Compressor
147
snarcmp1
22
Real Plate
53
Snare Cmp w/Rvb
176
Lead EGT6 23
Smooth Plate
54
Kick Compressor
193
LitePad2
24
Gated Plate
55
Hard Knee Comprs
203
PhaseDly1
25
Basic Delay 1/8
56
Bass Comp Mutrn 204
ThinphaseSweep
26
4‐Tap Delay BPM
57
PnoEnhancement
206
hhpitchr1
27
Echo Plecks BPM
58
LA2A for Strings
209
Snarcmp1
28
Timbered Taps
59
Resonant Filter 210
SymphonyHall 1 29
Dub Delay
60
Aux Echoplex 211
SymphonyHall 2
30
Sm Stereo Chorus
61
Bandsweep Filter
212
SymphonyHall 3 31
Chorusier
62
Hi FrequencyStim
213
Jazz Stage 214
Live Room 275
gshot vrb
337
Hot Leslie 122e D-15
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Chains
#
Chain
#
Chain
#
Chain
215
String Chamber 276
deep part1
338
Hot Leslie 122f 216
Fife Stage 277
DblSloFlangeCmp
339
Soul Leslie122 4
217
Live RecitalHall
278
alphacentauri1 340
Leslie B 122 218
AbbeyBrasHall2
279
Timbered Taps 2
341
Joey Leslie 122 219
Smooth Long Hall
300
GospelDistLeslie
342
Hot Leslie 122g 220
kickcmp3
301
GimmeSomeLeslie 343
Hot Leslie 122h 223
kickcmp4
302
DF OrganRoom 344
TapChorus Leslie
224
snarcmp4
303
GimmeSomeLesl
345
SlowPhasedLeslie
226
kickcmp5
304
GimmeSomeLesl2
363
Nonkb3 A
229
Bright Hat Room
310
AcceleratorLes 2
364
Warm Leslie12
230
BrightFlange 312
ExpressLeslie
365
WarmDistlLes1dw
233
snarshaper6
313
Leslie 122 a
366
BrighDistlLes1
240
Reverb2 314
Mitchʹs Leslie 367
DistleratorLes 6
255
Flange+Delay 315
Melvinʹs Leslie 368
BrightDistlLes 257
Empty Stage II
316
Gregʹs Leslie 369
DistlLes dw41
258
AbbeyPianoHall 2
317
RoomyLeslie 122 370
Prog Leslie1 259
Opera House II
318
Soft Leslie 122 371
LightDistlLes2
260
Vintage Strings2
319
CrunchLeslie 147
372
DW Leslie13 261
Classic Plate II
320
Thimmer Leslie 373
LeeMichaels 1 262
Recital Hall II
321
Jimmyʹs Leslie 2
375
DW Leslie12 263
Small Hall II
323
Organ Taps
376
DistlLes 5 264
Real Niceverb II
324
Leslie CleanAS 377
Sly Leslie
265
Medium Hall II
325
Leslie 122 cr
378
LightDistlLes
266
Small Dark Room2
326
JimmyʹsBrakeLes 379
FisherLeslie
267
PnoRvb II
327
Gregʹs Latcher 380
Soul Leslie122 7
268
ShortPnoRvb III
328
Nice Leslie 385
NewLord 1
269
PnoEnhancRvb3
329
Clean Leslie 386
SystemTemp Tap
270
RevComp5
330
Warm Leslie 387
WaterDistSynth 271
Clunker II 331
NewLord 1 388
FlangeVoiceHall
272
St CHDly II
333
CrunchLeslie122
389
BrightFlangeHall
273
OmniStage
334
Hot Leslie 122b
391
FlngRecitalHall
274
OmniStage
335
BostonLeslie1
392
Med Drum Room
395
Cathedral Vx 450
SynthLead
489
HeavyBuckers
D-16
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Chains
#
Chain
#
Chain
#
Chain
396
BurningTubes5 451
SynthBassAmp 491
ProBassComp
397
PunchBassAmp 452
MosqueySwirl
492
NYCTripStrings
399
RevverLeslie 454
PadFX2
493
ProBassComp2 400
Bradleyʹs Barn 1
455
PadFX1
496
DirtLordAmp 401
Bradleyʹs Barn 2
456
Chr & Echo 500
Setup Aux Verb
403
LA2A for Strings
457
Vocals w FX 501
Setup Aux DDL
411
ChrsDly
458
DrySynthCDR
517
Early Reflection
412
RealDrmComp 459
WetSynthCDR
518
Pad Depth Pt1
414
RealDrmComp2 461
VibesRoom 519
Gunshot Verb
415
TiteDrmComp 462
PercussionRoom 520
AlphaCentauri 1 416
Marimba Hall 463
CagesRoom 521
BasicCDR 420
AGT Reverb 464
CmpRecitalHall
522
Synthorc BPM
422
WarmCruncher
465
StrRecitalHall1
523
BPM Flange Dly 424
Fierce Lead 466
StrRecitalHall2
524
DblSloFlangeCmp
425
CompTrem 467
RecitalHall
644
StevieTrem EP 1
426
12StWarmCrunch 468
MyJaco
645
Beater EP1 427
Phaser EGT 469
UprightBassRoom 646
Jamerson1
428
SnareComp1 470
Levin Chorus 648
SlyBASSComp1
430
KickComp1
472
Bright Room
651
Trampler 1
431
60ʹs BigDrumRoom
473
Med Dark Room
652
HipHop Drms1
434
AGT EnhCD
474
BasicReverb 654
HipHop Drms2
435
CDRecitalHall
477
Medium Hall 4U
655
TOP Drum Reverb1
436
Nylon EnhCD
478
KickComp2
656
HOP Drum Reverb1
439
ChrsDblRoom
479
ColdPliano 2
657
HopKickcmp1
440
EnhcBassAmp
480
FDR PercRoom 658
NoQuarter
441
FlangVoiceHall2
482
NylonAgtVerb 659
TechnoHHDly 1/8
442
Vocals w FXnMic 483
3BandDrumComp 660
HOP Drum Reverb3
445
Harpolicious
484
KikComp 4:1
661
HopKickcmp7
446
ChrsDly
485
ToxicStrings 662
Roomverb1 447
EGT Hall 486
3BandDrumComp2 663
Kickcmp6 448
Burning Tubes
487
Scoopd Dist EGT2
664
Snarcmp11
449
Chorus AGT 488
NotScoopd Dist 665
Reverb3 666
Small Dark Room
717
Deep FuzzBass 1
764
ShortPnoRvb31
D-17
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Chains
#
Chain
#
Chain
#
Chain
667
Snarcmp12
718
Eber Bass
765
St CHDly
668
Kickcmp13
719
SynFatener& Ech2
766
Synphase1
670
BeastieDrums
720
CP80Enhanc1
768
St CHDly
671
Clunker13
721
FisherʹsHarm Mic
771
Walrus EP
675
Funksnare9
722
AbbeyPianoHall2 772
EPChr16
676
Funksnare8
723
Medium Hall 2
773
Siberia 680
EPDistPhase1
724
Fagen Phaser
775
Deep Fuzz 5
681
RayEP 1
726
SmallWurly 780
Flange Echo 2
682
Deep Fuzz 1
727
Basic WurlyEP 781
ARPMosque Room 685
Deep Fuzz 31
729
Cheese Horns
782
Chr & Echo 687
ReverseVerb1
730
BasicChorusDly 2
784
Mutron Clav 2
690
Acidflute
732
Wallflower Ch 785
Siberia II
691
Blueman1
733
ChPanDlyComp 786
EnhanceComp1
692
CompDelay12
734
CheeseChorus 787
Shaper‐>Reverb2
694
SmallDarkRoom3
736
CompDelay
788
Clav Phase1
695
PlainComp15
737
SynFatener& Ech3
790
SynlaserFlange 1
696
RevComp4
738
BIGCompDelay
792
RockyRaccoon
697
EP RotoAmp12
739
UprightPiano
793
Squire
700
HiMutron 1
740
SitarCmpRvb 794
Flange 4
701
Sax Chamber 21 741
AC Bass 3
795
Deep Fuzz Clav 702
BigDarkRoomDW
742
VoxKB3 797
Clav Comp1
703
New Gtr 31
743
Blackfriday
798
SmallClav 704
PnoRvb 14
744
Blackestfriday
799
Synth Shimmer
705
Small Hall11
745
Flange 4
801
PhaseDly1
706
PnoRvb21
750
Good Leslie1 802
Shredlead1
707
Empty Stage 11
754
Good Leslie4 803
ThinphaseSweep
708
Mutron 2
756
GoodLeslie 6
804
EnvComp41
711
PlainComp12
757
WhitrShadeLeslie
805
MoogBASSComp11
713
CDR Synth
758
Inagadadavita 806
SynFatener& Ech4
714
SynthFlangenDely
759
GoodLordLeslie 807
Shredlead15 715
QuantzEnhanceSyn
760
Small HallComp1 808
PlainComp21
716
BladerunnrRvb 762
GoodLeslie 5
809
Garth 810
BassFleaCompMu 845
Elton1
882
EPChr6
D-18
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Chains
#
Chain
#
Chain
#
Chain
811
Chr & Echo 2
846
Aux Chamber 883
PnoEnhanc3 812
BasicCDR2
847
BowiePno1
884
SynEnhancement
813
ShaperFuzzLead 2
848
BluesPnoCmpRvb 1
885
CompKik11
814
AM Big Band
849
New Gtr 31
886
VintChamber
815
Clunker20
850
Soundboard 3 887
SmallWurly2
816
PadFX3
851
OmniStage
888
Deep FuzzPnt 1
817
SynFatener& Ech5
853
MedPlateJazFlute
889
Comp70
818
MarleyClav1 854
MistyMntn EP 2
890
FooldAgainVox
819
Flange Echo 4
855
PnoEnhanc22
891
CompKik111
820
Deep Fuzz Clav 3
856
ClavPhase1 892
Vintage Horns 3
821
GetBack1
857
MedRoom10
893
Leslie Gospl
822
Deep Fuzz Clav 5
858
EPChr11
894
EPChr60
823
ChrsDly4
859
HardRhds1
896
Deep Fuzz 51
824
Leslie Basic
860
PnoEnhancement
898
Shredlead3
825
MoogBASSComp5
862
SmallHornChamber
899
Synphase1
827
EPChr1 Dyno
864
Clunker50
900
Synphase2
828
Synphase17
865
PnoEQCmp3
901
SynthTrem2
829
Leslie Comp 1
866
Comp4
902
DWAuxRvb1
830
PhaseDly104 867
3DogEP 1
903
Small Dark Room2
831
GoodLeslie 52
868
CompDelay
904
Sax Chamber2
832
CPChrRvb1 869
PnoEnhanc22
905
Small Hall2
833
DistLeslie Basic
871
EPChr11
906
Medium Hall2
834
CompKit111
872
Old Chamber
907
Real Niceverb
835
CarlosSyn 873
ChefAid 1
908
Opera House2
836
MaroonSynbass
874
Zep Fuzz 1
909
Mosque Room2
838
FloydEP1
875
Bernie Clav
910
Bright Hall 839
PnoCmpSndBoard 1
876
ClavRotoAmp 911
Echplex 1
840
SuperTrmpPhase 877
Dark Niceverb
912
AbbeyPianoHall
841
Wurly 1
878
Basic RayEP 3 913
Recital Hall 2
842
ShortPlate4EPs 879
LatinHornCmp 914
Echplex 2
843
ShortPlate4EPs2 880
Basic RayEP 2 915
Medm Warm Plate2
844
Aux Dark Room 2
881
Raffas DX7 916
EQVelMorph 917
Aux Echplex 950
Snarcmp112
983
RayEP 1
D-19
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Chains
#
Chain
#
Chain
#
Chain
918
Farfisa1
951
Snarcmp113
984
EnhanceComp121
919
Good Leslie33
952
EnvKickcmp1 985
Clunker IIa
920
Zep Leslie 953
Kickcmp602 986
Pad Depth Pt1
921
Snarcmp801
954
Snarcmp112
987
AuxChorusHall
922
kickcmp401
955
HipHop Drms101
988
TechnoSyn1
923
Deep Fuzz 6
956
PnoCmpSndBoard10
989
Synphase102
924
SynEnv4 957
Epicsnare1
990
CompDelay
925
SmallComp9 958
JumpSynth
991
CompMeltrn
926
KickComp201 959
Funksnare88
992
ARP 927
GoodLeslie 9
960
Kickcmp441
993
Triplet delay
928
Falgor Gtr
961
Upright3
994
Bigverb 929
KickComp701 962
HopKickcmp701
995
Syncpulse
930
Good Leslie34
963
Leslie Comp 2
996
compbass 2
931
Syncblip 964
Kickcmp301
997
CompDelay3
932
CompDelay3
965
PnoRvb 1
998
Comp501
933
Cheese Horns2
966
PnoRvb2 999
RMIPhase1
934
SynthCDR20
967
HipHop Drms201 1000
Joey Leslie 122 935
Vintage Horns 2
968
Breakdrums1
2000
GM Reverb
936
Chorus Pan Delay
969
Blackfriday2
2001
GM Chorus
937
Snarcmp101
970
CompDelay101
938
Filter1 971
Sax Chamber 2
939
Syncpulsedw
972
Clunker501
940
Kickcmp501
973
Horn Plate 1
941
Snarshaper601
974
Vintage Horns
942
ProBassComp3 975
BrightFlange2
943
SynEnv5 976
ThinphaseSweep2 944
SnareComp101
977
Small Comp102
945
BostonLeslie2 978
EPPhase1
946
Kickcmp104
979
NonKB3LesliePdl2
947
Leslie MShoals
980
FlangeComp3
948
Snarcmp121
981
Mutron Clav 201
949
WhitrShadeLesli3
982
SynChorusDly202
D-20
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
Effect Presets with Algorithms
How to Use These Tables
Each effect preset in the PC3 (for effects boxes within the Chain editor) is based on an effect algorithm from the Kurzweil KSP8 effects processor. To make the fullest use of the PC3’s effects, you will need to download a copy of the KSP8 Algorithm Reference from the Kurzweil Music Systems website. This book provides extensive detail on all effects parameters. For ease of use, the algorithms are indexed and linked by name and number.
For example, to find information on the available parameters for PC3 effects preset “1 Small Wood Booth,” first refer to the chart below for the name and number of the preset’s underlying algorithm. In this case, the KSP8 algorithm is “4 Classic Place.” The description of the Classic Place algorithm begins on page 19 of the KSP8 Algorithm Reference, and its 3 pages of parameters are described starting on page 21 of the KSP8 Algorithm Reference.
Reverbs
Booth/
1
Small Wood Booth
alg 4 Classic Place 2U
Ambience
2
Natural Room
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
3
PrettySmallPlace
alg 4 Classic Place 2U
4
NiceLittleBooth
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
5
Sun Room
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
6
Soundboard
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
7
Add More Air
alg 10 OmniPlace
3U
8
Standard Booth
alg 8 Diffuse Place
3U
9
A Distance Away
alg 6 TQ Place
3U
10
Live Place
alg 8 Diffuse Place
3U
11
Viewing Booth
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
12
Small Closet
alg 10 OmniPlace
3U
13
Add Ambience
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
14
With A Mic
alg 4 Classic Place 2U
15
BrightSmallRoom
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
16
Bassy Room
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
17
Percussive Room
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
18
SmallStudioRoom
alg 4 Classic Place 2U
19
ClassRoom
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
20
Utility Room
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
21
Thick Room
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
22
The Real Room
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
23
Small Drum Room
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
Room
D-21
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
Chamber
Hall
D-22
24
Real Big Room
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
25
The Comfy Club
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
26
Spitty Drum Room
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
27
Stall One
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
28
Green Room
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
29
Tabla Room
alg 12 Panaural Room
3U
30
Large Room
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
31
Platey Room
alg 14 Grand Plate
3U
32
Bathroom
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
33
Drum Room
alg 12 Panaural Room
3U
34
Small Dark Room
alg 12 Panaural Room
3U
35
Real Room
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
36
Brt Empty Room
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
37
Med Large Room
alg 12 Panaural Room
3U
38
Bigger Perc Room
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
39
Sizzly Drum Room
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
40
Live Chamber
alg 11 OmniVerb
3U
41
Brass Chamber
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
42
Sax Chamber
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
43
Plebe Chamber
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
44
JudgeJudyChamber
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
45
Bloom Chamber
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
46
ClassicalChamber
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
47
In The Studio
alg 4 Classic Place 2U
48
My Garage
alg 4 Classic Place 2U
49
Cool Dark Place
alg 11 OmniVerb
3U
50
Small Hall
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
51
Medium Hall
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
52
Real Niceverb
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
53
Opera House
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
54
Mosque Room
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
55
Grandiose Hall
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
56
Elegant Hall
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
57
Bright Hall
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
58
Ballroom
alg 1 MiniVerb
1U
59
Spacious Hall
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
60
Classic Chapel
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
Plate
61
Semisweet Hall
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
62
Pipes Hall
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
63
Reflective Hall
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
64
Smoooth Hall
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
65
Empty Stage
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
66
Pad Space
alg 11 OmniVerb
3U
67
BobʹsDiffuseHall
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
68
Abbey Piano Hall
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
69
Short Hall
alg 13 Stereo Hall
3U
70
The Long Haul
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
71
Predelay Hall
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
72
Sweeter Hall
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
73
The Piano Hall
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
74
Bloom Hall
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
75
Recital Hall
alg 12 Panaural Room
3U
76
Generic Hall
alg 12 Panaural Room
3U
77
Burst Space
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
78
Real Dense Hall
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
79
Concert Hall
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
80
Standing Ovation
alg 11 OmniVerb
3U
81
Flinty Hall
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
82
HighSchool Gym
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
83
My Dreamy 481!!
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
84
Deep Hall
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
85
Sweet Hall
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
86
Soundbrd/rvb
alg 11 OmniVerb
3U
87
Long & Narrow
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
88
Long PreDly Hall
alg 11 OmniVerb
3U
89
School Stairwell
alg 4 Classic Place 2U
90
Real Plate
alg 14 Grand Plate
3U
91
Bright Plate
alg 14 Grand Plate
3U
92
Medm Warm Plate
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
93
Bloom Plate
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
94
Clean Plate
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
95
Plate Mail
alg 11 OmniVerb
3U
96
RealSmoothPlate
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
97
Classic Plate
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
D-23
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
XL
Reverse
Gated
w/Comprs
Unusual
D-24
98
Weighty Platey
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
99
Huge Tight Plate
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
100
Immense Mosque
alg 7 TQ Verb
3U
101
Dreamverb
alg 10 OmniPlace
3U
102
Splendid Palace
alg 5 Classic Verb
2U
103
Big Gym
alg 11 OmniVerb
3U
104
Huge Batcave
alg 12 Panaural Room
3U
105
Reverse Reverb 1
alg 15 Finite Verb
3U
106
Reverse Reverb 2
alg 15 Finite Verb
3U
107
Reverse Reverb 3
alg 15 Finite Verb
3U
108
Gated Reverb
alg 3 Gated MiniVerb
2U
109
Gate Plate
alg 3 Gated MiniVerb
2U
110
Vocal Room
alg 53 Gate+Cmp[EQ]+Rvb
4U
111
Vocal Stage
alg 53 Gate+Cmp[EQ]+Rvb
4U
112
Reverb>Compress
alg 51 Reverb<>Compress
3U
113
Reverb>Compress2
alg 51 Reverb<>Compress
3U
114
Drum Comprs>Rvb
alg 51 Reverb<>Compress
3U
115
Rvrb Compression
alg 50 Reverb+Compress
2U
116
Snappy Drum Room
alg 50 Reverb+Compress
2U
117
Roomitizer
alg 50 Reverb+Compress
2U
118
Live To Tape
alg 50 Reverb+Compress
2U
119
L:SmlRm R:Hall
alg 2 Dual MiniVerb
2U
120
Non‐Linear 1
alg 10 OmniPlace
3U
121
Non‐Linear 2
alg 15 Finite Verb
3U
122
Non‐Linear 3
alg 6 TQ Place
3U
123
Exponent Booth
alg 10 OmniPlace
3U
124
Drum Latch 1
alg 10 OmniPlace
3U
125
Drum Latch 2
alg 10 OmniPlace
3U
126
Diffuse Gate
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
127
Acid Trip Room
alg 10 OmniPlace
3U
128
Ringy Drum Plate
alg 104 Gated LaserVerb
3U
129
Oil Tank
alg 104 Gated LaserVerb
3U
130
Wobbly Plate
alg 104 Gated LaserVerb
3U
131
Pitcher Hall
alg 383 Pitcher+Miniverb
2U
132
DistantTVRoom
alg 383 Pitcher+Miniverb
2U
133
Drum Neurezonate
alg 102 Mono LaserVerb
1U
134
Growler
alg 104 Gated LaserVerb
3U
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
Laserverb
Rvb w/Dly
135
LaserVerb
alg 100 LaserVerb
3U
136
Laserwaves
alg 100 LaserVerb
3U
137
Cheap LaserVerb
alg 101 LaserVerb Lite
2U
138
Gated LaserVerb
alg 104 Gated LaserVerb
3U
139
Rvrs LaserVerb
alg 103 Revrse LaserVerb
4U
140
LazerfazerEchoes
alg 102 Mono LaserVerb
1U
141
Simple LaserVerb
alg 102 Mono LaserVerb
1U
142
Crystallizer
alg 100 LaserVerb
3U
143
Spry Young Boy
alg 101 LaserVerb Lite
2U
144
Gunshot Verb
alg 105 LasrDly<>Reverb
2U
145
Slapverb
alg 11 OmniVerb
3U
146
Far Bloom
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
147
Room + Delay
alg 105 LasrDly<>Reverb
2U
148
New Hall w/Delay
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
149
Delay Big Hall
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
150
Basic Delay 1/8
alg 150 4‐Tap Delay BPM
1U
151
Basic Dly 250ms
alg 190 Moving Delay
1U
152
Simple Slap 60ms
alg 190 Moving Delay
1U
153
TightSlapbk 30ms
alg 190 Moving Delay
1U
154
MedSlapback 76ms
alg 190 Moving Delay
1U
155
LongishSlap 95ms
alg 151 4‐Tap Delay
1U
156
Wide Slapbk 76ms
alg 191 Dual MovDelay
1U
157
TiteSlapAmb 50ms
alg 191 Dual MovDelay
1U
158
33ms Ambience
alg 191 Dual MovDelay
1U
159
17ms Ambience
alg 191 Dual MovDelay
1U
160
Stereo Delay ms
alg 151 4‐Tap Delay
1U
161
StereoFlamDelay
alg 191 Dual MovDelay
1U
162
Cheap Tape Echo
alg 154 Spectral 4‐Tap
2U
163
Better Tape Echo
alg 171 Degen Regen
4U
164
Stereo Tape Slap
alg 171 Degen Regen
4U
165
Dub Delay ms
alg 190 Moving Delay
1U
166
4‐Tap Delay BPM
alg 150 4‐Tap Delay BPM
1U
167
4‐Tap Dly Pan ms
alg 151 4‐Tap Delay
1U
Delays
DELAY
D-25
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
D-26
168
SemiCircle 4‐Tap
alg 151 4‐Tap Delay
1U
169
8‐Tap Delay BPM
alg 152 8‐Tap Delay BPM
2U
170
Multitaps ms
alg 156 Complex Echo
1U
171
Diffuse Slaps
alg 156 Complex Echo
1U
172
OffbeatFlamDelay
alg 150 4‐Tap Delay BPM
1U
173
Sloppy Echoes
alg 156 Complex Echo
1U
174
Pad Psychosis
alg 191 Dual MovDelay
1U
175
500ms BehindSrce
alg 156 Complex Echo
1U
176
Dub Skanque Dly
alg 154 Spectral 4‐Tap
2U
177
Electronica Slap
alg 156 Complex Echo
1U
178
Spectral 4‐Tap
alg 154 Spectral 4‐Tap
2U
179
Astral Taps
alg 154 Spectral 4‐Tap
2U
180
SpectraShapeTaps
alg 155 Spectral 6‐Tap
3U
181
Fanfare In Gmaj
alg 155 Spectral 6‐Tap
3U
182
Ecko Plecks BPM
alg 170 Degen Regen BPM
4U
183
Ecko Plecks ms
alg 171 Degen Regen
4U
184
Degenerator
alg 170 Degen Regen BPM
4U
185
Nanobot Feedback
alg 170 Degen Regen BPM
4U
186
Takes a while...
alg 170 Degen Regen BPM
4U
187
Wait for UFO
alg 170 Degen Regen BPM
4U
188
News Update
alg 172 Switch Loops
2U
189
Timbre Taps
alg 105 LasrDly<>Reverb
2U
190
LaserDelay‐>Rvb
alg 105 LasrDly<>Reverb
2U
191
Furbelows
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
192
Festoons
alg 9 Diffuse Verb
3U
193
Ducked Delay
alg 174 Gated Delay
2U
194
Drum+Bass Zapper
alg 174 Gated Delay
2U
195
3BandDly Drums=!
alg 173 3 Band Delay
2U
196
Warped Echoes
alg 191 Dual MovDelay
1U
197
Ween‐vox
alg 190 Moving Delay
1U
198
L:Flange R:Delay
alg 191 Dual MovDelay
1U
199
2Dlys 1Chr 1Flng
alg 192 Dual MvDly+MvDly
2U
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
Chorus
CHORUS
200
Basic Chorus
alg 202 Dual Chorus 1
1U
201
Smooth Chorus
alg 202 Dual Chorus 1
1U
202
Chorusier
alg 202 Dual Chorus 1
1U
203
Ordinary Chorus
alg 202 Dual Chorus 1
1U
204
SlowSpinChorus
alg 202 Dual Chorus 1
1U
205
Chorus Morris
alg 202 Dual Chorus 1
1U
206
Everyday Chorus
alg 202 Dual Chorus 1
1U
207
Thick Chorus
alg 202 Dual Chorus 2
2U
208
Soft Chorus
alg 202 Dual Chorus 2
2U
209
Rock Chorus
alg 202 Dual Chorus 2
2U
210
Sm Stereo Chorus
alg 200 Chorus 1
1U
211
Lg Stereo Chorus
alg 201 Chorus 2
2U
212
Full Chorus
alg 402 Chorus<>4Tap
2U
213
Dense Gtr Chorus
alg 201 Chorus 2
2U
214
Standrd Gtr Chor
alg 406 St Chorus+Delay
1U
215
Bass Chorus
alg 202 Dual Chorus 1
1U
216
Stereo Chorus
alg 202 Dual Chorus 2
2U
217
Chorus Fastback
alg 400 Chorus+Delay
1U
218
Wide Chorus
alg 202 Dual Chorus 2
2U
219
Nickel Chorus
alg 387 WackedPitchLFO
3U
220
Rich Noodle
alg 190 Moving Delay
1U
221
PinchChorusDelay
alg 406 St Chorus+Delay
1U
222
StChorus+Delay
alg 406 St Chorus+Delay
1U
223
StChor+3vs2Delay
alg 406 St Chorus+Delay
1U
224
CDR for Lead Gtr
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
225
Big Slow Flange
alg 225 Flanger 1
1U
226
Squeeze Flange
alg 225 Flanger 1
1U
227
Sweet Flange
alg 225 Flanger 1
1U
228
Throaty Flange
alg 225 Flanger 1
1U
229
PseudoAnaGtrFlng
alg 225 Flanger 1
1U
230
Flanger Double
alg 225 Flanger 1
1U
Flange
FLANGE
D-27
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
231
Wetlip Flange
alg 225 Flanger 1
1U
232
Simply Flange
alg 225 Flanger 2
2U
233
Analog Flanger
alg 225 Flanger 2
2U
234
Soft Edge Flange
alg 225 Flanger 2
2U
235
Ned Flangers
alg 225 Flanger 1
1U
236
Wispy Flange
alg 225 Flanger 1
1U
237
Crystal Flange
alg 456 St Flange+Delay
1U
238
NarrowResFlange
alg 452 Flange<>4Tap
2U
239
TightSlapFlange
alg 450 Flange+Delay
1U
240
Flanged Taps
alg 455 Flange<>LasrDly
2U
241
StFlange+Delay
alg 456 St Flange+Delay
1U
242
StFlng+3vs2Delay
alg 456 St Flange+Delay
1U
243
Singing Flanger
alg 456 St Flange+Delay
1U
244
DampedEchoFlange
alg 456 St Flange+Delay
1U
245
Stereo Flanger
alg 225 Flanger 2
2U
246
Gulp Flange
alg 225 Flanger 1
1U
247
Splat Flange
alg 225 Flanger 1
1U
248
Spread Flange
alg 225 Flanger 1
1U
249
CacophonousFlng
alg 225 Flanger 1
1U
250
Slow Deep Phaser
alg 251 LFO Phaser Twin
1U
251
Circles
alg 250 LFO Phaser
1U
252
Saucepan Phaser
alg 253 SingleLFO Phaser
1U
253
ThunderPhaser
alg 254 VibratoPhaser
1U
254
Fast Phaser
alg 251 LFO Phaser Twin
1U
255
Vibrato Phaser
alg 254 VibratoPhaser
1U
256
Fast&Slow Phaser
alg 250 LFO Phaser
1U
257
Wawawawawawawawa
alg 253 SingleLFO Phaser
1U
258
Slow Swish Phase
alg 253 SingleLFO Phaser
1U
259
Slippery Slope
alg 385 Frequency Offset
2U
260
Static Phaser 1
alg 255 Manual Phaser
1U
261
Static Phaser 2
alg 255 Manual Phaser
1U
262
Static Phaser 3
alg 255 Manual Phaser
1U
263
Static Phaser 4
alg 255 Manual Phaser
1U
264
Static Phaser 5
alg 257 Allpass Phaser 4
4U
Phaser
PHASER
D-28
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
265
Slow Riser
alg 258 Barberpole Comb
4U
266
BarberPole Notch
alg 258 Barberpole Comb
4U
267
BarberPole Peak
alg 258 Barberpole Comb
4U
268
All The Way Down
alg 258 Barberpole Comb
4U
269
Westward Waves
alg 385 Frequency Offset
2U
Trem / Panner / Spatial
TREM/
270
Tremolo BPM
alg 270 Tremolo BPM
1U
PANNER/
271
Fast Tremolo BPM
alg 270 Tremolo BPM
1U
SPATIAL
272
Tremolo in Hz
alg 271 Tremolo
1U
273
FastPulseTremolo
alg 270 Tremolo BPM
1U
274
Simple Panner
alg 275 AutoPanner
1U
275
Dual Panner
alg 276 Dual AutoPanner
2U
276
Widespread
alg 280 Stereo Image
1U
277
Widener Mn‐>St
alg 281 Mono ‐> Stereo
1U
278
Dynam Stereoizer
alg 282 DynamicStereoize
2U
280
CleanRotors fast
alg 290 VibChor+Rotor 2
2U
281
CleanRotors slow
alg 290 VibChor+Rotor 2
2U
282
CleanRotors f C1
alg 290 VibChor+Rotor 2
2U
283
CleanRotors f V1
alg 290 VibChor+Rotor 2
2U
284
CleanRotors f Hi
alg 290 VibChor+Rotor 2
2U
285
CleanRotors s Hi
alg 290 VibChor+Rotor 2
2U
286
SlightDstRotor f
alg 291 Distort + Rotary
2U
287
SlightDstRotor s
alg 291 Distort + Rotary
2U
288
DirtyRotors fast
alg 292 VC+Dist+HiLoRotr
2U
289
DirtyRotors slow
alg 292 VC+Dist+HiLoRotr
2U
290
MoreDistRotor f
alg 293 VC+Dist+1Rotor 2
2U
291
MoreDistRotor s
alg 293 VC+Dist+1Rotor 2
2U
292
HeavyDistRotor f
alg 294 VC+Dist+HiLoRot2
2U
293
HeavyDistRotor s
alg 294 VC+Dist+HiLoRot2
2U
294
Res Rotor1 fast
alg 295 Rotor 1
1U
295
Res Rotor1 slow
alg 295 Rotor 1
1U
296
FullRotors4 fast
alg 296 VC+Dist+Rotor 4
4U
Rotary
ROTARY
D-29
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
297
FullRotors4 slow
alg 296 VC+Dist+Rotor 4
4U
298
VibChorStortCab
alg 298 Big KB3 Effect
4U
299
Hi Lo Roto KB3
alg 298 Big KB3 Effect
3U
300
Classic Gtr Dist
alg 310 Gate+TubeAmp
3U
301
Crunch Guitar
alg 310 Gate+TubeAmp
3U
302
SaturatedGtrDist
alg 310 Gate+TubeAmp
3U
303
Mean 70ʹsFunkGtr
alg 310 Gate+TubeAmp
3U
304
Blown Speaker
alg 390 Chaos!
2U
305
Synth Distortion
alg 303 PolyDistort + EQ
2U
306
Superphasulate
alg 170 Degen Regen BPM
4U
307
Dist Cab EPiano
alg 301 MonoDistort+Cab
2U
308
Distortion+EQ
alg 302 MonoDistort + EQ
2U
309
Burnt Transistor
alg 304 StereoDistort+EQ
3U
310
SubtleDistortion
alg 300 Mono Distortion
1U
311
A little dirty
alg 305 Subtle Distort
1U
312
Slight Overload
alg 305 Subtle Distort
1U
313
ODriveGtrLd DlCh
alg 317 TubeAmp<>MD>Chor
3U
314
Krazy Gtr Comper
alg 317 TubeAmp<>MD>Chor
3U
315
MildGtrOD+Dly+Fl
alg 320 PolyAmp<>MD>Flan
3U
316
LeadGtr Dly Flng
alg 318 TubeAmp<>MD>Flan
3U
317
Drum Shaper
alg 306 Super Shaper
1U
318
SubtleDrumShape
alg 307 3 Band Shaper
2U
319
SuperShaper
alg 306 Super Shaper
1U
320
3 Band Shaper
alg 307 3 Band Shaper
2U
321
New3BandShaper
alg 307 3 Band Shaper
2U
322
Shaper‐>Flange
alg 321 Flange<>Shaper
2U
323
Shaper‐>Reverb
alg 322 Shaper<>Reverb
2U
329
Aliaser
alg 308 Quantize+Alias
1U
Distortion
DIST
D-30
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
Dynamics
DYNAMICS
330
HKCompressor 3:1
alg 330 HardKneeCompress
1U
331
HKCompressor 5:1
alg 330 HardKneeCompress
1U
332
SK FB Comprs 6:1
alg 331 SoftKneeCompress
1U
333
SKCompressor 9:1
alg 331 SoftKneeCompress
1U
334
SKCompressr 12:1
alg 331 SoftKneeCompress
1U
336
Compress w/SC EQ
alg 332 Compress w/SC EQ
2U
337
Compress/Expand
alg 341 Compress/Expand
2U
338
Comprs/Expnd +EQ
alg 342 Comp/Exp + EQ
3U
339
Expander
alg 340 Expander
1U
340
Simple Gate
alg 343 Gate
1U
341
Gate w/ SC EQ
alg 344 Gate w/SC EQ
2U
342
3Band Compressor
alg 336 3 Band Compress
4U
343
3Band Compress2
alg 336 3 Band Compress
4U
344
Mid Compressor
alg 335 Band Compress
3U
345
OddHarmSuppress
alg 374 HarmonicSuppress
2U
346
60Hz Buzz Kill
alg 374 HarmonicSuppress
2U
347
Dual SK Compress
alg 347 Dual SKCompress
2U
348
Dual Comprs SCEQ
alg 348 Dual Comprs SCEQ
3U
349
Dual 3BandComprs
alg 349 Dual 3 Band Comp
8U
EQ/
350
AM Radio
alg 350 3 Band EQ
1U
FILTERS
351
U‐Shaped EQ
alg 350 3 Band EQ
1U
352
5 Band EQ Flat
alg 351 5 Band EQ
3U
353
Graphic EQ Flat
alg 352 Graphic EQ
3U
354
Dual Graphic EQ
alg 353 Dual Graphic EQ
3U
355
Dual 5 Band EQ
alg 354 Dual 5 Band EQ
3U
356
Basic Env Filter
alg 360 Env Follow Filt
2U
357
Phunk Env Filter
alg 360 Env Follow Filt
2U
358
Synth Env Filter
alg 360 Env Follow Filt
2U
359
Bass Env Filter
alg 360 Env Follow Filt
2U
360
EPno Env Filter
alg 360 Env Follow Filt
2U
362
LFO Sweep Filter
alg 362 LFO Sweep Filter
2U
EQ / Filters
D-31
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
D-32
363
DoubleRiseFilter
alg 362 LFO Sweep Filter
2U
364
Circle Bandsweep
alg 362 LFO Sweep Filter
2U
365
TripFilter
alg 362 LFO Sweep Filter
2U
366
Resonant Filter
alg 363 Resonant Filter
1U
367
Dual Res Filter
alg 364 Dual Res Filter
1U
368
2 Band Enhancer
alg 370 2 Band Enhancer
1U
369
3 Band Enhancer
alg 371 3 Band Enhancer
2U
370
Extreem Enhancer
alg 371 3 Band Enhancer
2U
371
HF Stimulator
alg 372 HF Stimulate 1
1U
372
Ring Modulator
alg 380 Ring Modulator
1U
373
PitcherA
alg 381 Pitcher
1U
374
Pitcher B
alg 381 Pitcher
1U
375
PolyPtVoxChanger
alg 382 Poly Pitcher
2U
376
HollowPolyPitchr
alg 382 Poly Pitcher
2U
377
Pitcher+Chorus
alg 411 MonoPitcher+Chor
2U
378
Pitcher+Flange
alg 461 MonoPitcher+Flan
2U
379
Pitcher+Chor+Dly
alg 409 Pitcher+Chor+Dly
2U
380
Pitcher+Flng+Dly
alg 459 Pitcher+Flan+Dly
2U
381
Ring Linger
alg 390 Chaos!
2U
382
Waterford
alg 103 Revrse LaserVerb
4U
383
Hip Hop Aura
alg 256 Allpass Phaser 3
3U
384
Woodenize
alg 256 Allpass Phaser 3
3U
385
Marimbafication
alg 256 Allpass Phaser 3
3U
386
Frequency Offset
alg 385 Frequency Offset
2U
387
Drum Loosener
alg 385 Frequency Offset
2U
388
Drum Tightener
alg 385 Frequency Offset
2U
389
Vox Honker
alg 386 MutualFreqOffset
2U
390
EQ Morpher ah‐oo
alg 365 EQ Morpher
4U
391
EQ Morpher ee‐aa
alg 365 EQ Morpher
4U
392
EQ Morpher aw‐er
alg 365 EQ Morpher
4U
395
Contact
alg 387 WackedPitchLFO
3U
396
Drum Frightener
alg 387 WackedPitchLFO
3U
397
Mad Hatter
alg 387 WackedPitchLFO
3U
398
Fallout
alg 387 WackedPitchLFO
3U
399
Ascension
alg 387 WackedPitchLFO
3U
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
Chorus / Combi
CHORUS
400
BasicChorusDelay
alg 400 Chorus+Delay
1U
COMBI
401
Chorus PanDelay
alg 400 Chorus+Delay
1U
402
Chorus & Echo
alg 400 Chorus+Delay
1U
403
CDR Lead
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
404
CDR Lead 2
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
405
Chorus Delay 2
alg 400 Chorus+Delay
1U
406
Doubler & Echo
alg 400 Chorus+Delay
1U
407
Chorus Booth
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
408
ChorusSmallRoom
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
409
ChorusMedChamber
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
410
Chorus MiniHall
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
411
Chorus HiCeiling
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
412
ChorBigBrtPlate
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
413
CathedralChorus
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
414
Flam Dly Bckgrnd
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
415
CDHall Halo
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
416
CrackedPorcelain
alg 401 Chorus+4Tap
1U
417
Rich Delay
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
418
FastChorusDouble
alg 400 Chorus+Delay
1U
419
MultiTap Chorus
alg 401 Chorus+4Tap
1U
420
Chorused Taps
alg 402 Chorus<>4Tap
2U
421
MultiEchoChorus
alg 405 Chorus<>LasrDly
2U
422
DeepChorDlyHall
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
423
ClassicEP ChorRm
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
424
Chorus Slow Hall
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
425
SoftChorus Hall
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
426
Chorus Air
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
427
PsiloChorusHall
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
428
SpeeChorusDeep
alg 400 Chorus+Delay
1U
429
Chorus Room
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
430
Chorus Smallhall
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
431
Chorus Med Hall
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
432
Chorus Big Hall
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
433
Chorus Echoverb
alg 402 Chorus<>4Tap
2U
D-33
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
434
Chorus Bass Room
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
435
New Chorus Hall
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
436
Floyd Hall
alg 404 Chorus<>Reverb
2U
437
Into The Abyss
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
438
BroadRevSlapback
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
439
Carlsbad Cavern
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
440
Chr‐>GtrDst‐>Chr
alg 317 TubeAmp<>MD>Chor
3U
441
Thatʹs No Moon!!
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
442
Laser Amalgam
alg 405 Chorus<>LasrDly
2U
443
Cut it out!! CDR
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
444
Chor‐Delay Booth
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
445
Chor Tin Room
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
446
Boiler Plate
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
447
O.T.T. Pad
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
448
TheChorusCloset
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
449
C‐D
alg 402 Chorus<>4Tap
2U
Flange / Combi
D-34
FLANGE
450
Flange + Delay
alg 450 Flange+Delay
1U
COMBI
451
ThroatyFlangeDly
alg 450 Flange+Delay
1U
452
Slapback Flange
alg 450 Flange+Delay
1U
453
Flange Booth
alg 454 2U
454
FlangeVerb Clav
alg 454 2U
455
Flange Amb Smack
alg 454 2U
456
Flange Dly 3‐D
alg 453 Flan+Dly+Reverb
2U
457
Fl Dl Large Hall
alg 453 Flan+Dly+Reverb
2U
458
Flanged Edge
alg 321 Flange<>Shaper
2U
459
Flange + 4Tap
alg 451 Flange+4Tap
1U
460
FlangeDelayHall
alg 453 Flan+Dly+Reverb
2U
461
SloFlangeDlyRoom
alg 453 Flan+Dly+Reverb
2U
462
Flange Hall
alg 454 2U
463
FlangeDlyBigHall
alg 453 Flan+Dly+Reverb
2U
464
Flange Theatre
alg 454 2U
465
FlangeTap Synth
alg 452 Flange<>4Tap
2U
466
Flange Room
alg 453 Flan+Dly+Reverb
2U
467
Flange Echo
alg 452 Flange<>4Tap
2U
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Effect Presets with Algorithms
468
Flange 4 Tap
alg 452 Flange<>4Tap
2U
469
Flange Hall 2
alg 454 2U
470
Flange‐Dly Hall
alg 453 Flan+Dly+Reverb
2U
471
Flange Delay
alg 450 Flange+Delay
1U
472
Mecha‐Godzilla
alg 451 Flange+4Tap
1U
473
Industro‐Flange
alg 453 Flan+Dly+Reverb
2U
474
Panning FDRoom
alg 453 Flan+Dly+Reverb
2U
475
Drum&Bass FlgDly
alg 451 Flange+4Tap
1U
476
Laserflange
alg 455 Flange<>LasrDly
2U
477
Pewter FlangeVrb
alg 454 2U
478
WeirdFlangePlate
alg 454 2U
479
F‐D Hall
alg 453 Flan+Dly+Reverb
2U
480
SyntheticRmFlg
alg 453 Flan+Dly+Reverb
2U
481
Space Flanger
alg 452 Flange<>4Tap
2U
482
Lazertag Flange
alg 455 Flange<>LasrDly
2U
483
Flange‐>Pitcher
alg 384 Flange<>Pitcher
2U
484
Flange‐>Shaper
alg 321 Flange<>Shaper
2U
485
Pitch Spinner
alg 384 Flange<>Pitcher
2U
486
FD Lead Madness
alg 450 Flange+Delay
1U
487
Brite Rippleverb
alg 453 Flan+Dly+Reverb
2U
488
Rotary Club
alg 453 Flan+Dly+Reverb
2U
489
Flangey Hall
alg 453 Flan+Dly+Reverb
2U
490
Flg‐>GtrDst‐>Chr
alg 319 PolyAmp<>MD>Chor
3U
491
MyGtrAteYoʹMomma
alg 318 TubeAmp<>MD>Flan
3U
492
Glacial Canyon
alg 456 St Flange+Delay
1U
494
Ultima Thule Pad
alg 403 Chor+Dly+Reverb
2U
495
Dr. Who
alg 225 Flanger 1
1U
799
Pass‐Through
D-35
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Keymaps
Keymaps
ID
Keymap
ID
Keymap
ID
Keymap
1
Piano f Left
29
Piano 440 3Vel M
67
Clav Key Release
2
Piano f Right
30
Piano 440 3VEZ M
68
Harpsichord
3
Piano mf Left
31
Piano 3Vel L alt
69
Harpsichord Rel
4
Piano mf Right
32
Piano 3Vel R alt
70
Accordion
5
Piano mp Left
33
Piano 3Vel rag L
71
Celesta
6
Piano mp Right
34
Piano 3Vel rag R
72
kHarpsichord
7
Piano 3Vel L
35
Piano f rag L
73
kClav
8
Piano 3Vel R
36
Piano f rag R
74
kClav Rel
9
Piano 3V Easy L
37
Piano alttimb1 L
75
kAccordion
10
Piano 3V Easy R
38
Piano alttimb1 R
80
B3 Bars 1‐3
11
Piano f Mono
39
Piano alttimb2 M
81
B3 Full
12
Piano mf Mono
40
Piano alttimb3 M
82
B3 Key Click
13
Piano mp Mono
41
kGrand Piano 83
B3 Dist Wave
14
Piano 3Vel Mono
42
kSyn Piano
84
B3 Full Wave
15
Piano 3V Easy M
50
Rhoadz Hard
85
B3 Bars 1‐3 Wave
16
Piano 440 f L
51
Rhoadz Soft
86
B3 Bars 1‐4 Wave
17
Piano 440 f R
52
Rhoadz 2Vel
87
B3 SW Wave
18
Piano 440 mf L
53
Rhoadz Thump
88
Tone Wheel Wave
19
Piano 440 mf R
57
Wurly Hard
89
kTone Wheel Orga
20
Piano 440 mp L
58
Wurly Med
90
Trumpets
21
Piano 440 mp R
59
Wurly Soft
91
Trombets
22
Piano 440 3Vel L
60
Wurly 3Vel
92
Trombets alt
23
Piano 440 3Vel R
61
Wurly Thump
93
Trombones 24
Piano 440 3VEZ L
62
Wurly Key Releas
94
Trombones alt
25
Piano 440 3VEZ R
63
FM Elec Piano
95
Low Bones
26
Piano 440 f Mono
64
Clav
96
Tenor Sax
27
Piano 440 mf M
65
Clav alt
97
Tenor Sax alt
28
Piano 440 mp M
66
Clav alt2
98
Tenor Sax Fast
D-36
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Keymaps
ID
Keymap
ID
Keymap
ID
Keymap
99
Tenor Sax med
140
kTake6 Ooh Loop
179
Square Wave
100
Bari/Tenor Sax
141
kSyn Vox
180
Square Wave Dull
101
Baritone Sax
150
Sine Wave
181
Pulse Wave 1/3
102
LegatoTenorSax
151
Partials 1 2
182
Buzz Wave
110
Stereo Strings
152
Partials 1 3
183
Bell Wave
111
Strings Left
153
Partials 1 4
184
Clav Wave
112
Strings Right
154
Partials 1 6
185
Sine Wave alttun
113
Meteor Strings
155
Partials 1 8
186
Synth Vox
114
kEnsemble String
156
Partials 1 12
187
Koreana
115
kSynstrings 1
157
Partials 1 2 3
188
Hybrid Pan
116
kSynstrings 2
158
Partials 1 2 4
189
ReedPipeBassoon
117
kEns Strings 2
159
Partials 1 2 4 6
190
FlutePipeChiff
120
Take6 Aah Attack
160
Partials 1 3 5
197
kM Dist Guitar
121
Take6 Aah Loop
161
Partials 2 3 4
198
kGM Clean Strat
122
Take6 Aah Loop a
162
Partials 2‐4 Gli
199
kShift Guitar
123
Take6 Ooh Attack
163
Partials 2‐10Evn
200
Steel String Gtr
124
Take6 Ooh Loop
164
Partials 2‐12Evn
201
StlStrGtrHiDecay
125
Take6 Ooh Loop a
165
Partials 3 4
202
Clean Elec Gtr
126
Take6 Ooh Loopa2
166
Partials 3 4 5
203
Distorted Guitar
127
Take6 Ooh Glide
167
Partials 4 5 6 7
204
kElec Jazz Gtr
129
Take6 Bop
168
Partials 5 6 7
205
kAcoustic Guitar
130
Take6 B(op)
169
Partials 5‐11Odd
206
k5 String Guitar
131
Take6 Dot
170
Partials 11‐15
207
kShift Guitar 2
132
Take6 Dot alt
171
Partials 13‐20
208
kSingle Mute
133
Take6 D(ot)
172
Partials 16‐21
209
ksynElecJazzGtr
134
Take6 Doop
173
Partials prime
210
EBass1 Finger
135
Take6 Doop alt
174
Sawtooth Wave
212
EBass1 Fing alt
136
Take6 D(oop)
175
Saw Wave Dull
213
EBass1 Fng alt2
137
Take6 Accents 2V
176
Saw Wave Duller
214
EBass2 Finger
138
Take6 Accents 3V
177
Saw Wave Dullest
215
EBass Slap 139
kTake6 Aah Loop
178
Triangle Wave
216
Synth Fretless
D-37
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Keymaps
ID
Keymap
ID
Keymap
ID
Keymap
217
Upright Bass
267
Perc Layers 3
317
Trombet
218
Upright Bass 2
268
Perc Layers 4
318
Trumpbone
219
kEBass Slap
269
Perc Layers 5
319
Soft Trumpet
220
kAcoustic Bass
270
Perc Layers 6
320
Harmon Mute Trp
230
Dry Kit 1
271
Perc Layers 7
321
Tuba
231
Dry Kit 2
272
Conga Moose Lyr
322
Tuba/Horn
232
Dry Kit 3
273
VeryMutedTriang1
323
Tuba/Hrn Section
233
Ambient Kit 1
274
Marimba
324
Tuba/Sft Trp
234
Ambient Kit 2
275
Vibes
325
kBone/Trp 2
235
Electric Kit 1
276
Vibes/Bells
326
kHarmon Mute Trp
236
Electric Kit 2
277
Agogo/Bells
327
Plucked Harp
237
Light Kit
278
Agogo Bells Keys
328
Harp Arpeggios
238
Hybrid Kit 1/L
279
Triangle Keys
329
Harp Gliss
239
Hybrid Kit 2/R
280
Layer Vibes
333
Nylon String Gtr
240
Hybrid Kit 3/L
300
Flute
337
Choir
241
Hybrid Kit 4/R
301
Flute 2
341
Cathedral Organ
242
Kicks and Snares
302
Oboe
342
Church Organ
243
Jazz Toms/Kicks
303
English Horn
343
Timpani/Perc88ky
244
Sine Toms/Kicks
304
Bassoon
344
BassDrum & Snare
245
Ride Cymbal
305
Bsn/Ehrn/Oboe
346
Percussion 5b
246
Drum Lyrs1 C4‐B4
306
Bassoon/Oboe
347
Timpani/Perc76ky
247
Drum Lyrs2 C4‐B4
307
Clarinet
350
Tam/Crsh/BD/Timp
248
SFX Layers C4‐B4
308
Eng Horn/Oboe
351
Temple & WdBlock
249
Reverse Drums
309
kSynflute Brt
352
Percussion 1b
260
Percussion 1
310
kSynflute mello
354
Percussion 2b2
261
Percussion 2
311
French Horn
355
kTambourine x 3
262
Percussion 3
312
French Hrn Sec
356
kCastanets x 3
263
Percussion 4
313
Baritone Horn
357
Double Bass alt1
264
Percussion 5
314
Trumpet
358
Castanets x 3
265
Perc Layers 1
315
Trombone
359
Tambourine x 3
266
Perc Layers 2
316
Trombone/Trumpet
360
Glockenspiel
D-38
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Keymaps
ID
Keymap
ID
Keymap
ID
Keymap
361
Chimes
400
Solo Violin
451
Cuica Hi
362
Xylophone
401
Solo Viola
452
Filtersnap ‐ HiQ
363
Timpani
402
Solo Cello
453
Guiro
364
Orch Bass Drum
404
Solo Double Bass
454
GM Scratch
365
Orch Crash
405
Bass/Cello
455
Whistle
366
Stereo Tam Tam
406
Bass/Cello/Vln
456
Chinese Cymbal
367
Tam Tam Left
408
Cello/Vla/Vln
457
Brush Snare Hit1
368
Tam Tam Right
409
Solo Section 1
458
Brush Snare Hit2
369
Triangle
410
Solo Section 2
459
Brush Stir Short
370
Tambourine Roll
411
Solo Section 3
460
Brush Stir Long
371
Tambhit
412
Solo Section 4
461
808 Cowbell
372
Snare Roll
413
Bagpipe Drone
462
808 Kick
373
Snare Hit
414
Bottle
463
808 Snare
374
Woodblock
415
Chiff
464
909 Clap
375
Sleigh Bells
416
Harm Pick
465
909 Closed Hat
376
Castanet Hit
417
Harm Wave
466
909 Open Hat
377
Castanet Up
418
GM Jazz Gtr
469
Jazz Kit
378
Vibraslap
419
GM Clean Strat
470
GM Standard Kit
379
Temple Block 1
420
Strat Mutes
471
GM Room Kit
380
Temple Block 2
423
Koto
472
GM Power Kit
381
Temple Block 3
424
Mbira
473
GM Elec Kit
382
Temple Block 4
425
Orchestra Hit
474
GMWhstle/metbell
383
BassDrum/Timpani
428
GM Applause
475
GM Room Tom Lyr
384
Church Bell
429
Fret Noise
476
GM Synth Kit
385
Pizz Strngs Left
430
GM Bird
477
GM Elec Tom Sine
386
Pizz Strngs Right
431
Gunshot
478
GM SynthTom/Cnga
387
Stereo Pizz Strg
432
Ice Rain
479
GM Jazz Kit
394
Trem Strngs Left
433
Syn Drum
480
GM Brush Kit
395
Trem Strngs Right
434
Telephone
481
GM Brush Stir
396
Stereo Trem Strg
435
Sine PC3
482
GM Orch Kit
397
Stereo Trem Str2
450
Belltree
483
GM Applause
D-39
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Keymaps
ID
Keymap
ID
Keymap
ID
Keymap
485
808 Hats
522
Clave Transposed
553
kSyn Drum
486
808 Congas
523
Perc Layers 7b2
554
k808 Kick
488
Timp stretch
524
Percussion 2c
555
k808 Snare
490
Mel Tom KM
525
PercLayers2 cage
556
k909 Closed Hat
494
808 cym
526
PercLayers7 cage
557
k909 Open Hat
496
Rev Cym
527
PercLayers1 cage
558
k808 Cowbell
497
Dry Kit nw5 4v
528
TempleBlock1 ign
559
k909 Clap
498
Dry Set 1 4v
529
Tuned TBlocks 1
560
kXylo rel alt
499
Dry Set 2 4v
530
Tuned TBlocks 2
561
kSleigh Loop
500
Amb Set 1 4v
531
Solo Cello alt1
562
kAgogo Hi
501
Kurz Hats 532
Solo Cello alt2
563
kAgogo Lo
502
Elec Set 1 4v 533
Double Bass alt2
564
kCowbell
503
PercLayers4kits 534
Double Bass alt3
565
kTriangle Mute
504
Tamb4DrmLyr
535
Organ Reeds
566
kBongo Hi
505
Floor Tom 536
Crash only
567
kBongo Lo
506
Mid Tom 537
Kit Layers 1
568
kBongo Slap
507
Hi Tom
538
kGuiro
569
kConga Open
508
Dub Kit1
539
kBelltree
570
kConga Closed
509
Glub Kit 540
kFingersnap
571
kConga Slap
510
Standard Kit2
541
kOrchestra Hit
572
kTumba Open
511
Drums w Bass1
542
kWhistle
573
kTumba Flathand
512
AS Elec Kit1 543
kBirds
574
kCajon Hit
513
AS Elec Kit3 544
kIce Rain
575
kCajon Mute
514
PhunkDrums 1 545
kFret Noise
576
kTambourine Up
515
Standard Kit1
546
kTelephone
577
kTambourine Hit
516
ElecKit 3 547
kGunshot
578
kMaracas
517
Rango Kit 548
kChinese Cymbal
579
kShaker Up
518
Boinker Kit 549
kBrush Snare Hit
580
kShaker Down
519
ElecTuneKik1 550
kBrush Snare Hit
581
kTemple Block
520
Glock Alt As5
551
kBrush Stir Shor
582
kVibraslap
521
DrumPad Map1
552
kBrush Stir Long
583
kCuica
D-40
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Keymaps
ID
Keymap
ID
Keymap
ID
Keymap
584
Glock rel alt
748
Db/VnII Full L
820
Mellotron Flute
592
k2‐vel [1____2__
749
Db/VnII Full R
825
ARP String Ens
593
k3‐vel [1__2__3_
750
Db/VnII Full2 L
830
Clav II
594
k4‐vel [12_3_4__
751
Db/VnII Full2 R
833
Clav alt3
595
k4‐vel [1_2_3_4_
752
Db/Vc/Va/VnII FL
834
Clav Key Release
596
k5‐vel [1_2_3_45
753
Db/Vc/Va/VnII FR
835
Pianet
597
k6‐vel [1_2_3456
754
Vc/VnI Full L
836
Fast Pianet
598
k7‐vel [1_234567
755
Vc/VnI Full R
840
RMI Electra Pno
599
k8‐vel [12345678
756
Vc/Va/VnII Ful L
841
RMI Electra Pno2
700
Vlns I Full L
757
Vc/Va/VnII Ful R
845
RMI Harpsichord
701
Vlns I Full R
758
Va/VnII Full L
846
RMI Harpsichord2
705
Vlns II Full L
759
Va/VnII Full R
847
RMI Harpsichord3
706
Vlns II Full R
764
Db/Va Div L
848
RMI Piano3
710
Violas Full L
765
Db/Va Div R
850
RMI Accenter
711
Violas Full R
766
Db/Vn Div L
851
RMI_accenter lo
715
Celli Full L
767
Db/Vn Div R
852
RMI_accenter hi
716
Celli Full R
768
Db div/VnI ful L
899
Sine Wave
720
Basses Full L
769
Db div/VnI ful R
909
Diagnostic Sine
721
Basses Full R
770
Db/Vc/Va/Vn DivL
999
Silence
725
Vlns Div2 L
771
Db/Vc/Va/Vn DivR
726
Vlns Div2 R
772
Vc/Vn Div L
730
Violas Div2 L
773
Vc/Vn Div R
731
Violas Div2 R
774
Vc/Va/Vn Div L
735
Celli Div2 L
775
Vc/Va/Vn Div R
736
Celli Div2 R
776
Va/Vn Div L
740
Basses Div2 L
777
Va/Vn Div R
741
Basses Div2 R
800
CP80 Hard
744
Db/Va Full L
801
CP80 Soft
745
Db/Va Full R
802
CP80 Dual Strike
746
Db/VnI Full L
810
Mellotron String
747
Db/VnI Full R
815
Mellotron Choir
D-41
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Samples
Samples
ID
Sample
ID
Sample
ID
Sample
2
Stereo Pizz F#1 30
Stereo Trem D#3 90
FM E Piano 3
Stereo Pizz B1 31
Stereo Trem F3 95
Clav 4
Stereo Pizz D2 32
Stereo Trem G3 96
Clav Release 5
Stereo Pizz F2 33
Stereo Trem A#3 99
kHarpsichord v 6
Stereo Pizz G#2 34
Stereo Trem C4 100
Harpsichord v 7
Stereo Pizz A#2 35
Stereo Trem D#4 101
Harpschrd Rel v 8
Stereo Pizz D3 36
Stereo Trem F#4 105
Celesta 9
Stereo Pizz F3 37
Stereo Trem A#4 107
Accordion 10
Stereo Pizz G#3 38
Stereo Trem C#5 110
Hammond 1st 3 11
Stereo Pizz B3 39
Stereo Trem E5 111
Hammond B3 Full 12
Stereo Pizz C#4 40
Stereo Trem G#5 112
Hammond KeyClick 13
Stereo Pizz E4 41
Stereo Trem C#6 113
Hammond 1st 3b 14
Stereo Pizz G4 42
Stereo Trem E6 114
kTone Wheel Orga 15
Stereo Pizz A#4 43
Stereo Trem A6 115
Trumpets 16
Stereo Pizz C#5 44
Stereo Trem C7 116
Trombets 2 17
Stereo Pizz E5 50
Left Piano f 118
Trombones 18
Stereo Pizz G#5 51
Right Piano f 119
alt Trombones 19
Stereo Pizz C6 52
Left Piano mf 121
Tenor Saxes 20
Stereo Pizz E6 53
Right Piano mf 122
Tenor Saxes fast 21
Stereo Pizz G#6 54
Left Piano mp 124
Bari Sax 22
Stereo Pizz C7 55
Right Piano mp 125
Bari Sax 2 23
Stereo Trem F1 56
Left Piano f jk 126
Trombones 24
Stereo Trem A1 57
Right Piano f jk 127
Trombones jk alt 25
Stereo Trem C#2 70
Rhodes 128
Tenor Saxes med 26
Stereo Trem D#2 72
Rhodes Thump 130
St Strings g1 27
Stereo Trem F#2 80
Wurlitzer 131
St Strings c2 28
Stereo Trem A#2 83
Wurlitzer Thump 132
St Strings gs2 29
Stereo Trem C#3 84
Wurli Key Rel 133
St Strings e3 D-42
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Samples
ID
Sample
ID
Sample
ID
Sample
134
St Strings gs3 186
Distorted Guitar 264
on246 135
St Strings e4 187
kDistorted Guita 265
one23 136
St Strings gs4 190
E Bass Fing New 266
one24 137
St Strings cs5 193
E BassFng e2 alt 267
one2 138
St Strings f5 194
E BassFng e2 al2 268
one35 139
St Strings d6 196
E Bass Blk B 269
one3 140
St Strings c7 199
E Bass Slap BlkB 270
onep4 141
Left Strings 200
syn Fretless 271
onep6 142
Right Strings 201
Tenor Saxes RVRS 272
onep8 149
Take 6 Bopa 202
Acoustic Bass mr 273
onp12 150
Take6 Aah Attk 203
AcoustBassAltDcy 274
prime 151
Take6 Aah Loop 204
Maracas Down 275
saw 152
Take 6 Bop 205
Take 6 Bopa 276
sawd 153
Take 6 Doop 206
kE Bass Slap Blk 277
sawsd 154
Take 6 Dot 210
Marimba 278
sawvd 155
Take6 Ooh Attk 211
Vibes 279
sine 156
Take6 Ooh Loop 218
celeste hi root 280
sq 157
Take 6 B(op) 250
b3ds 281
sqsd 158
Take 6 D(oop) 251
b3ful 282
sxt21 159
Take 6 (D)ot 252
b3st3 283
third 160
Take6 Aah LoopHI 253
b3st4 284
thn20 161
Take6 Aah Loop a 254
b3sw 285
thre4 162
Take6 Ooh Loop a 255
buzz 286
thre5 163
Take 6 Doop a 256
dw15 287
tri 165
Take 6 Dot a 257
dw6 288
two4 173
Syn Vox 258
e10 298
kEDrum1 Kick 175
Koreana 259
e12 299
kEDrum1 Snare 177
Hybrid Pan 260
eln15 300
LUD223 179
StlStrGtrHiDecay 261
five7 301
Mykik2 180
Steel String Gtr 262
for7 302
Sonkik 183
Clean Elec Gtr 263
fv11o 303
Sonkik alt D-43
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Samples
ID
Sample
ID
Sample
ID
Sample
304
YAMkik2 335
Yam124 alt 366
Bongo Lo env3 305
BD2 336
Yam182 alt 367
Bongo Lo env4 306
BD123 337
Closed Hat Alt 368
Bongo Slap 307
BD51 338
Closed Hat 369
Bongo Slap env1 308
E2kik2 339
Slightly Opn Alt 370
Bongo Slap env2 309
LUDdryM 340
Slightly Opn Hat 371
Bongo Slap env3 310
LUDdryH 341
Open Hat 372
Cajon Hit 311
Eamesm 342
Open/Cls Hat 373
Cajon Mute 312
Eamesh 343
Foot Hat 374
Clap 313
PrldryM 344
Crash Cymbal 2 375
Clap env1 314
PrlambH 345
Crash Cymbal alt 376
Clap env2 315
EAMwoodH 346
Ride Rim3 377
Clap env3 316
kEDrum2 Kick2 347
RideBell 378
Clave 317
LUDambM 348
Agogo Hi 379
Clave env1 318
LUDambM alt 349
Agogo Hi env1 380
Clave env2 319
LUDambH 350
Agogo Hi env2 381
Clave env3 320
LUDambH alt 351
Agogo Hi env3 382
Conga Open Tone 321
YAMamb 352
Agogo Hi env4 383
Conga Open env1 322
YAMamb alt 353
Agogo Lo 384
Conga Open env2 323
Snare55 354
Agogo Lo env1 385
Conga Open env3 324
Snare58 355
Agogo Lo env2 386
Tumba Open Tone 325
Snare87 356
Agogo Lo env3 387
Tumba Open env1 326
Snare89 357
Agogo Lo env4 388
Tumba Open env2 327
e2snr 358
Bongo Hi Tone 389
Tumba Open env3 328
e2snr3 359
Bongo Hi env1 390
Conga Slap 329
Cross Stick 360
Bongo Hi env2 391
Conga Slap env1 330
Cross Stick alt 361
Bongo Hi env3 392
Conga Slap env2 331
Yam102 362
Bongo Hi env4 393
Conga ClosedSlap 332
Yam124 363
Bongo Lo Tone 394
Conga ClSlp env1 333
Yam182 364
Bongo Lo env1 395
Conga ClSlp env2 334
Yam102 alt 365
Bongo Lo env2 396
Tumba Flat Hand D-44
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Samples
ID
Sample
ID
Sample
ID
Sample
397
Tumba Flat env1 428
Timbale Shell 459
PrldryM rev 398
Tumba Flat env2 429
TimbaleShellEnv1 460
PrlambH rev 399
Tumba Flat env3 430
Triangle Open 461
LUDambH rev 400
Cow Bell 431
TriangleOpenEnv1 462
YAMamb rev 401
Cow Bell env1 432
TriangleOpenEnv2 463
Yam102 rev 402
Cow Bell env2 433
TriangleOpenEnv3 464
Yam124 rev 403
Finger Snap 434
Triangle Mute 465
Yam182 rev 404
Finger Snap env1 435
TriangleMuteEnv1 466
Closed Hat rev 405
Finger Snap env2 436
Splash Cymbal 467
Open Hat rev 406
Finger Snap env3 437
Shakers Down nl 468
Crash rev 407
Maracas Down 438
Shakers Up nl 469
Snare55 rev 408
Maracas Dwn env1 439
Maracas Up ja 470
e2snr rev 409
Maracas Up 440
Maracas Up e1 ja 471
e2snr3 rev 410
Maracas Up env1 441
Maracas Down ja 472
slap snare 411
Shakers Down 442
Maracas Dwn e1ja 473
tonal snare 412
Shakers Up 443
Clap no flam 474
new sidestick 413
Tamb Down 444
Maracas Down sa1 475
CoughKick 414
Tamb Down env1 445
Maracas Up sa1 476
pan 415
Tamb Up 446
Shakers Down sa1 477
Open/ClsHtIGNREL 416
Tamb Up env1 447
Shakers Up sa1 478
globlah2 417
Tamb Hit 448
Tamb Up env1 sa1 479
mutated kick 418
Tamb Hit env1 449
Tamb Dwn en1 sa1 480
mutated kick 2 419
Tamb Hit env2 450
Tamb Hit sa1 481
warp drop 420
Timbale Hi mf 451
Cross Stck altAR 482
OpnHat scrape 421
Timbale Lo mf 452
Crash Cymbal AR 483
sine2 422
Timbale Hi ff 453
Sonkik rev 484
kTumba Open env1 423
Timbale Lo ff 454
YAMkik2 rev 485
mini sweep 2 424
TimbaleH mf env1 455
BD123 rev 486
kConga ClosedSla 425
TimbaleH ff env1 456
E2kik2 rev 487
kConga Slap 426
TimbaleL mf env1 457
Eamesm rev 488
kick bottom 2 427
TimbaleL ff env1 458
Eamesh rev 489
Gong D-45
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Samples
ID
Sample
ID
Sample
ID
Sample
490
stoneloop 521
Clave env2b jk 552
kSleigh Bells 491
pulsegrunge 522
Clave e1alt cstn 553
kTriangle (rel) 492
zipyipe 523
Maracas Dwn env1 554
kChimes 493
bentblade 524
Cross Stick gt1 555
kCelesta 494
vaculunt 525
Maracas Down gt1 556
kXylophone 495
auto maraca 526
Tumba Open igf a 557
kHarp 496
errietamb 527
LegatoTenorSax 558
kAcoustic Bass 497
distachime 528
kConga Open Tone 559
kChurch Bell 498
popshayknroll 529
kBongo Slap 560
kTemple Block 499
Lazercork2 530
Open/Cls Hat R 561
kGuiro 500
Conga Open ToneA 531
TriangleOpnRls 562
kBelltree 501
Agogo Hi env2A 532
MelTom alt 563
kOrchestra Hit 502
TimbaleHmfenv1 j 533
GM CrashCym 2 564
kFret Noise 503
Tumba Open j 534
GMkik1 565
kTelephone 504
Clave env1 a1 535
GM Crash rev 566
kGlock rel alt 505
Conga ClsdSlp J1 536
GM ELEC KiK 567
kXylo rel alt 506
TimbaleL mf jk1 537
kBongo Lo Tone 568
kTamb Hit 507
Tumba Open env4 538
kBongo Hi Tone 569
kMaracas 508
Conga Open env4 539
kTriangle Mute 577
Bari Sax 2 509
Shakers Dwn rvs 540
kAgogo Lo 578
TrombonesMod 510
Conga Open igoff 541
kAgogo Hi 600
Flute 511
Tumba Open igoff 542
kEDrum2 HH Close 601
Oboe 512
Shakers Downsa1j 543
kEDrum2 HH Open 602
English Horn 513
Shakers Up j 544
kSnare Hit 603
Bassoon 514
Agogo Hi gong 545
kSnare Roll 604
Dbl Reeds 515
Agogo Lo gong 546
kTimpani 605
Clarinet 516
Cow Bell gong 547
kTriangle 606
French Horn 517
Crash Cym rva jk 548
kTamb Hit 607
French Hrn Sec 518
Shakers Up jk2 549
kTamb Roll 608
Baritone Horn 519
Shakers Down j1 550
kCastanet Hit 609
Trumpet/Trombone 520
Shakers Up j3 551
kCastanet Up 610
Soft Trumpet D-46
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Samples
ID
Sample
ID
Sample
ID
Sample
611
Harmon Mute Trp 650
Temple Block 2 687
Whistle 613
Tuba 651
Temple Block 3 688
Chinese Cymbal 614
Harp 652
Temple Block 4 689
Brush Snare Hit1 615
Harp Arpeggios 653
Church Bell 690
Brush Snare Hit2 618
Nylon String Gtr 654
kVibraslap 691
Brush Stir Short 620
Glockenspiel 655
Solo Violin 692
Brush Stir Long 621
K250 Choir 656
Solo Viola 693
808 Cowbell 623
K250 Pipe Organs 657
Solo Cello 694
808 Kick 624
Chimes 658
Fast Solo Cello 695
808 Snare 625
Xylophone 659
Solo Double Bass 696
909 Clap 626
Timpani 660
Pizz Strngs Left 697
909 Closed Hat 627
Orch Bass Drum 661
Pizz Strngs Right 698
909 Open Hat 628
kGlockenspiel 666
Trem Strngs Left 699
GM Applause 629
Orch Crash 667
Trem Strngs Right 700
Fret Noise 630
Orch Crash jk1 670
kChiff 701
GM Bird 631
Stereo Tam Tam 671
Bagpipe 702
Gunshot 632
Tam Tam Left 672
Bottle 703
Ice Rain 633
Tam Tam Right 673
Chiff 704
Syn Drum 635
Triangle 674
Harm Pick 705
Telephone 636
Dark Triangle 675
Harm Wave 706
Sine PC2ROM1 638
Triangle (rel) 676
GM Jazz Gtr 707
Metrobell 639
Tambourine Roll 677
GM Clean Strat 708
kEDrum2 Clap 640
Tambhit 678
Strat Mutes 709
kWoodblock 641
Snare Roll 679
Koto 710
Woodblock short 642
Snare Hit 680
Mbira 711
GM 808 Kick 643
Woodblock 681
Orchestra Hit 712
Vibraslap GM 644
Sleigh Bells 682
Belltree 713
GM Hi Guiro 646
Castanet Hit 683
Cuica Hi 714
GM Guiro 647
Castanet Up 684
Filtersnap 715
Cuica Hi alt 648
Vibraslap 685
Guiro 716
Cuica Lo alt 649
Temple Block 1 686
Scratch 717
kEDrum2 Snare1 D-47
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Samples
ID
Sample
ID
Sample
ID
Sample
718
Belltree alt 761
Violas Full R 850
RMI Accenter 719
FS 808 Tom 765
Celli Full L 851
RMI_accenter lo 720
GM ChinCym 766
Celli Full R 852
RMI_accenter hi 721
GM Shrt Whistle 770
Basses Full L 899
Sine Wave 722
Orch Crash jk1 771
Basses Full R 900
Trombones jk alt 723
Orch Crash a2 775
Vlns Div2 L 901
Cross Stick gt1 724
Tambourine Roll 776
Vlns Div2 R 902
Maracas Down gt1 725
Orch Bass Drum a 780
Violas Div2 L 904
sine no demph 726
kOrch Crash jk1 781
Violas Div2 R 950
Tenor Saxes med 727
Snare Hit s1 785
Celli Div2 L 998
sine no demph 728
Snare Roll 786
Celli Div2 R 999
silence 729
Tambhit 790
Basses Div2 L 730
Sleigh Bells 791
Basses Div2 R 731
Temple Block1ign 795
Split Ext Full L 732
SoftTrp Pipes 796
Split Ext Full R 733
Glockenspiel 797
Split Ext Div L 734
Timpani 798
Split Ext Div R 735
kEDrum1 Cowbell 799
Sine Wave 736
kEDrum1 Kick 800
Left Piano f jk 737
kBrush Stir Long 801
Right Piano f jk 738
kBrush Stir Shor 802
CP80 E Grand 739
kBrush Snare Hit 810
Mellotron Strings 740
kBrush Snare Hit 815
Mellotron Choir 741
kIce Rain 820
Mellotron Flute 742
kFinger Snap 825
ARP String Ensemble 743
kCuica 830
Clav II 750
Vlns I Full L 834
Clav Key Release 751
Vlns I Full R 835
Pianet 755
Vlns II Full L 836
Fast Pianet 756
Vlns II Full R 840
RMI Electra Piano 760
Violas Full L 845
RMI Harpsichorda D-48
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Arpeggiator Shift Patterns
Arpeggiator Shift Patterns
ID
Shift Pattern
ID
Shift Pattern
ID
Shift Pattern
1
major
29
BacknForth
57
1To3
2
minor
30
1InvMin3
58
1To3b
3
Oct +
31
Root 5/3/5 59
Blues
4
Oct ‐ 32
Root 5/m3/5 60
Blade
5
Oct 2x
33
Root 6/4/6 61
Repeat w/ Rests1
6
1ʹs n 12ʹs 34
bluesy1 62
Repeat w/ Rests2
7
FullMajor
35
bluesy2 63
Repeat w/ Rests3
8
FullMinor
36
bluesy3 64
Bass 1
9
Major7
37
bluesy4 65
Immenence
10
Minor7
38
rashi1 66
Immenence2
11
MajorMaj7
39
rashi2 67
Minor1
12
Sus2
40
rashi3 68
Minor2 13
Sus4
41
rashi4 69
Minor3 14
FullSpanish
42
petals1 70
3 Note Drum Arp
15
Dim
43
petals2 71
one five 16
Dim7d
44
petals3 72
mysterious1 17
Dim7m
45
Urger1 73
mysterious2 18
PentaA
46
Urger2 74
mysterious3 19
PentaB
47
Urger3 75
percolator1 20
PentaC
48
Urger4 76
percolator2 21
Maj Arp Oct
49
Hala1 77
percolator3 22
Root 5 Oct 5
50
Satch
78
percolator4 23
Root 5/4/5
51
Satch2
79
sparser 1 24
1st Inv M 52
Cascade
80
sparser 2 25
1st Inv M2
53
TripletCascade
81
boomboomwack 26
1st Inv m
54
Buzzer
82
boomboomquick 27
2nd Inv M
55
Angus
83
here comes da 28
2nd Inv m
56
BouncingZero
84
here comes da2 D-49
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Arpeggiator Shift Patterns
ID
Shift Pattern
85
here comes da3 86
moving 1 87
moving 2 88
moving 3 89
whereʹs one? 90
whereʹs one? 2 91
happy one 92
happy one 2
93
crafty 1 94
crafty 3 95
crafty 4 96
crafty 5 97
can do 1 98
can do 3 99
chromo up 1
100
Rising Minor
101
Minor 7 Pattern
102
Oct 5th up down
120
Major 1A
121
Major 1B
122
Major 1C 123
Minor 1A
124
Minor 1B
125
Minor 1C 126
48StepTemplate
127
24StepTemplate
128
16StepTemplate
129
8StepTemplate
130
OctaveRhythm1
131
Minor Var 1
132
Drum Beat 1
D-50
ID
200
Shift Pattern
as 1 PC3 Objects (V 2)
Arpeggiator Velocity Patterns
Arpeggiator Velocity Patterns
ID
Velocity Pattern
ID
Velocity Pattern
ID
Velocity Pattern
1
PseudoSine
30
pat12C
86
echo 3 2
LoHi
31
pat12D
87
echo 4 3
HiLoLo
32
pat24A
88
echo 5 4
HiLoLoLo
33
pat24B
89
echo 6 5
HiLoLoHiLoHi
34
pat24C
90
echo 7 6
6‐pattern
35
pat24D
91
echo 8 7
12‐patternA
36
LoHi2
92
echo 9 8
12‐patternB
37
trip1
93
echo 10
9
X0
50
1/4 note triplet
94
echo 11
10
0X
51
16ths Pattern 1
95
echo 12
11
X00
52
16 Note Pattern2
96
echo 13
12
XX0
53
Rhythm 1
97
echo 14
13
X000
54
Rhythm 2
98
echo 15
14
XX00
70
Bass 1 99
dub echo 1 15
XXX0
71
ARPKIK1
100
E. Bass Arp
16
X0000X
72
ARPSNR1
101
PercussionArp
17
X00X0X
73
ARPHAT1
120
8th HiHat 1
18
XX0X0X
74
Syn 1
121
8th Delay 1
19
XXXXX0
75
perco 1 122
8th Trip Delay 1
20
X000000X
76
perco 2 123
Syn 2
21
X0000X0X
77
rebound 1
124
48StepTemplate 22
XXXXXXX0
78
rebound 2
125
24StepTemplate 23
0X00XX00
79
pulser 1 126
16StepTemplate 24
X000X0X0
80
pulser 2 127
8StepTemplate 25
XX00X0X0
81
pulser 3 128
Speed Up
26
XX00XXX0
82
pulser 4 200
Trancer1 27
XX0XXXX0
83
pulser 5 201
Trancer2 28
pat12A
84
echo 1 202
ElectroBass1 29
pat12B
85
echo 2 203
ElectroGtr1
D-51
PC3 Objects (V 2)
Arpeggiator Velocity Patterns
ID
Velocity Pattern
204
offbeats01
205
BalladBass1 206
One and Two 207
One and Two 2
208
One and Two 3
209
Offbeat 8ths 210
And one and D-52
PC3 Legacy File Conversion
Object Types and Conversion Details
Appendix E
PC3 Legacy File Conversion
The PC3 can load objects from older Kurzweil K2 series products. Loaded objects are converted to object types native to the PC3 (see below for object types that can be converted.) Some object parameters cannot be converted and must be adjusted by the user after conversion (see object types below for details.) The PC3 does not load samples, so during keymap conversion the PC3 will try to find similar samples to use in the PC3 ROM. This process may or may not be successful. The PC3 is unable to convert the sample skipping parameter (SmpSkp,) so PC3 ROM samples used for converted K2 series keymaps can only be transposed upward by one octave.
Only legacy objects ending with the file extension .P3K, .K26, .K25, or .KRZ can be loaded and converted.
Object Types and Conversion Details
Keymap Objects
All K series Keymap objects can be loaded, all parameters will be used or converted to PC3 specific parameters. The PC3 is unable to convert the sample skipping parameter (SmpSkp,) so PC3 ROM samples used for converted K2 series keymaps can only be transposed upward by one octave.
Program Objects
Most K series Program objects can be loaded, but FX are not converted and must be set by the user. A reverb effect is set by default for converted Programs. Some DSP ALGS and DSP objects (some filters, oscillators, etc.) can not be converted, so user may have to adjust some Program layers to use new ALGs or DSP objects. The PC3 does not load samples, so during keymap conversion the PC3 will try to find similar samples to use in the PC3 ROM. This process may or may not be successful. The PC3 is unable to convert the sample skipping parameter (SmpSkp,) so PC3 ROM samples used for converted K2 series keymaps can only be transposed upward by one octave. KB3 programs created with a K2500 or K2600 cannot be loaded to the PC3, however the PC3 contains a variety of KB3 programs which can easily be modified and edited. Also, Triple Mode programs created with the K26 series cannot be loaded to the PC3, however PC3 programs can use Cascade Mode. Cascade Mode allows a program signal to be routed through up to 32 layers of DSP algorithms (see Alt Input for Algorithms (Cascade Mode) on page 6‐27 for details.)
Setup Objects
All K series Setup objects can be loaded, but FX are not converted and the user set Program effects are used by default (Program FX are not converted and must be set by the user.) Also, any controller settings for a fourth switch pedal will not be converted (because the PC3 only has three switch pedals.)
E-1
PC3 Legacy File Conversion
Object Types and Conversion Details
E-2
Index
50% Weight 9-24
Atk Time 9-16
Attack 9-17
Attack parameter (ASR) 6-41
Attack Portamento parameter (Common) 6-36
Attack Time and Level parameters (AmpEnv) 6-43
Audio cables 2-2
AutoPan 9-24
A
B
Numerics
A/Dry->B parameter 9-12
A->B cfg parameter 9-12
About 11-17
Adding layers 6-52
additional sounds 1-5
Adjust parameter (EnvCtl) 6-46
Adjusting sample volumes 14-4
Algorithms D-21
Editing 6-28
Aliaser effect 9-19
All Controllers Off 10-6
All Notes Off 10-6
Alpha Wheel 3-9
Alphabetic entry 3-9, 5-3
Alphanumeric pad 3-9
Alt Input for Algorithms 6-27
Alternative Attack parameter (Keymap) Parameters
Keymap 6-16
Alternative Start
Sample Editor 14-12
AMPENV page (Program Editor) 6-42
Amplitude envelope
Decay segment 6-43
Natural 6-42
User 6-42
Amplitude envelope parameters 6-43–6-44
Amplitude envelopes 6-42
Analog output settings
In Setup Mode 7-6
In Song Mode 12-12
Arp Active 7-43
Arp button 3-5
Arpeggiator 7-42
Active 7-43
Beats 7-43
Duration 7-44
Glissando 7-50
Latch 7-49
Limit 7-46
Limit Option 7-46
Low Key (LoKey) and High Key (HiKey) 7-50
Order 7-43
Shift 7-46
shifting notes 7-46
Velocity 7-44
ASCII characters 5-3
ASR page (Program Editor) 6-40
ASR parameters 6-40–6-41
Assign sample 14-6
Assigning samples to keymaps 14-3
Atk Rate 9-20
Bank Buttons 3-2
Bank Select
MIDI Receive page 10-9
Banks 3-2
Basic editing 5-1
Basic MIDI channel 10-6
Bass Freq 9-15
Bass Gain 9-15
Battery 1-4
Boot Loader 1-4
Bootloader B-1
Bottom line of display 3-6
Bounce
Song Mode TRACK Page 12-25
Brake 9-23
Breath 2-4
breath 1-5
Brightness 2-5
Build 9-13
Building a keymap 14-7
Buttons
Panic 6-2
Bypass effects 5-7
C
Cab Bypass 9-21
Cab Preset 9-21
Cabinet HP 9-21
Cabinet LP 9-21
Cabinet simulations 9-21
Carrier
ring modulation 9-25
Cascade Mode 1-3, 6-1, 6-27
Category buttons 3-4
CenterGain 9-25
CentrAtten 9-24
Chain Info
Export 13-13
Chains
effect D-15
Chan/Layer buttons 3-7, 5-7
Change
Song Mode TRACK Page 12-30
Changing intonation key 11-8
Channel/Program (CH/PROG) Page 7-4
Setup Mode 7-4
Channels on and off 10-13
Characters 5-3
Chorus 9-18
Clicking during portamento 6-36, 6-37
Index-i
Clock 11-16
setting 2-6
Source 11-10
COMMON Page
Song Mode 12-19
Common parameters 6-35–6-60
Compare 5-7
Compatibility
K Series Objects E-1
Complex Echo 9-14
Compressors 9-16
Configuring control sources 6-9
Connecting MIDI 2-3
continuous pedals 1-5
Contour 9-20
Contrast 2-5
Control Setup 6-9
Control sources
Configuring 6-9
FUNs 6-41
Key tracking 6-25
Source 1 and Source 2 6-26
Velocity tracking 6-25
Controllers
saving settings in Program Mode 6-3
Controlling LFO rate 6-39
conventions for editing objects 5-1
Copy
Song Editor TRACK Page 12-24
Copying layers 6-52
Creating layers 6-52
Cross Couple parameter 9-12
Crossfade parameter (Output) 6-33
Crossfade Sense parameter (Output) 6-33
Crossover 9-22
Crossover1 9-17, 9-26
Crossover2 9-17
Cursor buttons 3-7
Curve 9-22
D
Data entry 3-9
DC Offset 9-19
Decay segment 6-43
Decay Time and Level parameters (AmpEnv) 6-43
DegenRegen delay 9-15
Delay 9-26
Delay parameter (ASR) 6-41
Delays 9-14
DelayScale 9-14
Delete
on Object Utilities page 11-13
Delete Layer soft button 6-52
Delete soft button 6-52
Deleting layers 6-52
Deleting objects 5-6
Deleting programs 6-52
Demo Songs 15-15
Density 9-13
Depth 9-24
Index-ii
Destination
MIDI Transmit Page 10-2
Dialogs
Save 5-3
diamond icon 5-4
Diff Amt 9-14
Diff Gain 9-25
Diff Scale 9-13
DiffBassF 9-26
DiffBassG 9-26
Digital audio output 2-3
Digital Output Mode 11-9
Digital Output Volume 11-9
Directories 13-3
Disk Mode 5-6, 13-1
Disk mode 4-3
Display 3-6
Dist Drive 9-21
Distortion 9-21
Dly Coarse 9-19
Dly Fine 9-19
DlyCrs 9-19
DlyFi 9-19
Double button presses 3-10
DRAWBR page (Program Editor) 6-61
Drive 9-16
Drum Remap 6-33, 11-2
Drum Tracks
Song mode 12-20
Dry Bal 9-14
Ducking 9-17
Duplicate Layer soft button 6-52
Duplicating layers 6-52
Dynamic VAST 1-3, 6-1, 6-28
DynamRange 9-19
E
EarRef Lvl 9-13
Easy Audition 2-7
EDIT button 3-8
Edit button 5-7
Edit compare 5-7
Edit Song
COMMON Page 12-19
EVENT Page 12-31
Editing 5-1
Editing Algorithms 6-28
editing conventions 5-1
Editing KB3 programs 6-59
Editing Samples 14-9
Editing VAST programs 6-12
EditProg Exit page 5-3
EditProg Save page 5-3
Effect Algorithms D-21
Effect Chains D-15
Effect Presets D-21
Effect-box
Parameters 9-12
Effects
Parameters 9-12
Effects button 5-7
Effects bypass 5-7
Effects mode 4-3
Effects Parameters 9-12
Electrical grounding 2-2
Enable MIDI channels 10-13
Enable parameter (Layer) 6-19
Enable Sense parameter (Layer) 6-19
Enhancers 9-16
Env Rate 9-21
Env Time 9-18
ENV2 and ENV3 pages (Program Editor) 6-44
ENVCTL page (Program Editor) 6-45
Envelope control 6-45
Envelope control parameters 6-46
Envelope Filter 9-20
Envelopes 6-42, 6-44
EQ Morpher 9-16
EQ page (Program Editor) 6-69
EQs 9-15
Equalizers 9-15
Erase
Song Mode TRACK Page 12-24
EVENT Page
Song Mode 12-31
Everything
loading objects as 13-11
EXIT button 3-8
Exit values 7-30
Exp Atk 9-17
Exp Ratio 9-17
Exp Rel 9-17
Exp Threshold 9-17
Expander 9-16
Expanse 9-13
Expansion 9-17
Export
MIDI file, Program Info, Chain Info 13-13
Extended sample loop 14-10
External sequencer 12-2
External Tempo Source 7-65
F
favorite programs
Category buttons 3-4
FB2/FB1>FB 9-14
Fdbk Dly 9-14
Fdbk Image 9-15
Fdbk Level 9-14, 9-18
FdbkComprs 9-16
Files
Everything 13-6
Loading 5-6
Master 13-6
Saving 5-6
Fill Mode 13-10
Filter Type 9-20
Filters 9-20
Finding objects 3-12
Fine adjust 6-25
Flanger 9-19
Formatting a xD Card 13-13
Freeze Pedal parameter (Layer) 6-20
FreqScale 9-16
Front panel navigation 3-6
FUN page (Program Editor) 6-41
Function soft buttons 6-51
fuses C-1
FX bypass 5-7
FX Mode on Master Mode MAIN page 11-2
G
Gate Time 9-17
Gated Ducking Delay 9-15
Gates 9-16
General MIDI 11-11
Drum Remap 6-33, 11-2
Globals parameter (Common Page) 6-37
Globals parameter (Common) 6-60
Grab
Song Mode TRACK Page 12-29
Graphic equalizer 9-15
Grounding 2-2
H
Half Wts 9-25
Hard reset 11-16
Headroom 9-19
HF Damping parameter 9-12
Hi Beam W 9-22
Hi Fast 9-23
Hi Gain 9-22
Hi Res Delay 9-22
Hi Size 9-22
Hi Slow 9-23
Hi Trem 9-22
HiAccelCrv 9-23
HiFst>Slow 9-23
High Key parameter (Layer) 6-18
High Velocity parameter (Layer) 6-18
Highpass 9-21
HiMic A 9-22
HiMic B 9-22
HiResonate 9-22
HiResXcurs 9-23
HiSlow>Fst 9-23
HiSpinDir 9-23
Hold 9-14
Hold Through Attack parameter (Layer) 6-21
Hold Until Decay parameter (Layer) 6-21
I
ID Entry
Master mode MAIN page 11-2
ID#s 15-6
Ignore release 6-20
ImageWidth 9-24
Impact parameter (EnvCtl) 6-47
Index-iii
Import Layer soft button 6-52
Importing layers 6-52
In Select 9-25
In/Out parameter 9-12
InfinDecay 9-13
Info
Export 13-13
INFO Editor 6-51
INFO soft button
Program Editor 6-51
Info soft button 2-8, 6-2, 8-2
Insert
Song Mode TRACK Page 12-26
Intonation key 11-8
Intonation tables 11-7
Introduction to editing 5-1
Intuitive data entry 3-11
K
K series object conversion E-1
K2600
bank mode 7-7
KB3 1-3, 2-8, 6-4, 6-6, 6-59
Polyphony 6-60
KB3 channel 6-6
KB3 programs 2-8, 6-6
Key range 14-3
Key tracking 6-25
Key tracking parameter (EnvCtl) 6-46
Key Tracking parameter (Keymap) 6-14
Key/Velocity (KEY/VEL) Page 7-9
Keyboard naming 5-5
KEYCLK page (Program Editor) 6-65
Keymap 14-7
Keymap Editor 14-1
Assign sample 14-6
New range 14-5
Keymap Editor Parameters 14-3
KEYMAP page (Program Editor) 6-14
Keymap parameter (Keymap) 6-14
Keymap parameters 6-16
Keymaps 6-4
Keymaps, stereo 6-15
KSP8 effects D-21
KVA Oscillators 6-53
L
L Diff Dly 9-14
L/R Phase 9-18, 9-24
L/R Pre Dly 9-13
LaserVerb 9-19
Late Lvl 9-13
LateRvbTim 9-13
Layer delay control 6-18
LAYER page (Program Editor) 6-17
Layer parameters 6-18–6-21
Layers
Adding 6-52
Deleting 6-52
Index-iv
Duplicating 6-52
Importing 6-52
moving between in multi-layer programs 3-11
Muting 5-7
LCD 3-6
Legacy object conversion E-1
Legato play parameter (Common) 6-36
Leslie effect 9-22
LFO Dpth 9-18
LFO Filter 9-21
LFO LRPhs 9-18
LFO page (Program Editor) 6-38
LFO parameters 6-39
LFO Phase 9-24
LFO PlsWid 9-21, 9-24
LFO Rate 9-18, 9-24
LFO Shape 9-21, 9-24
LFO Smooth 9-21
LFOs 6-38, 6-40
Line cord 2-2
Lo Beam W 9-22
Lo Fast 9-23
Lo Gain 9-22
Lo Mode 9-23
Lo Res Dly 9-22
Lo Size 9-22
Lo Slow 9-23
Lo Trem 9-22
LoAccelCrv 9-23
Loading files 5-6
Loading Individual Objects 13-9
Lock parameters 10-14
LoFst>Slow 9-23
LoMic A 9-22
LoMic B 9-22
Loop Switch
Sample Editor 14-11
Loop Type parameter (AmpEnv) 6-44
Looping samples 6-16
Loops 15-15
LoResonate 9-22
LoResXcurs 9-23
LoSlow>Fst 9-23
LoSpinDir 9-23
Low Key parameter (Layer) 6-18
Low Velocity parameter (Layer) 6-18
LP Freq 9-22
Lvl 9-22
M
Main Page
Master Mode 11-1
MakeUp Gain 9-17
MakeUpGain 9-17
Master button 5-7
Master files 13-6
Master mode 4-3
Master Table 11-17
Master Transpose 11-2
Max Freq 9-20, 9-21
Maximum delay parameter (Layer) 6-19
Maximum Rate parameter (LFO) 6-39
Memory cards 2-6
Memory objects 5-4
metronome 15-4
count off options 15-5
Mic Angle 9-23
Mid Freq 9-15
Mid Gain 9-15
Mid Width 9-15
MIDI
About MIDI 15-1
All Notes Off 10-6
Basic channel 10-6
Channel enable 10-13
Pan 10-14
Parameter locks 10-14
Program change formats 10-15
Receive mode 10-6
Reset channels 10-18
Transmit parameters 10-1
Utilities 11-15
Volume 10-14
MIDI channel 10-2
MIDI channel parameters 10-13
MIDI connections 2-3
MIDI disconnected 13-1
MIDI file
export 13-13
Load 13-1
MIDI Implementation Chart A-1
MIDI Machine Control 12-8
MIDI mode 4-3
Soft buttons 10-18
MIDI program changes 10-4
MIDI Receive page 10-9
MIDI Receive parameters 10-5
MIDI sequence Load, Save, Export 12-8
MIDI Thru/Out switch 2-3
MIDI Time Clock 12-2
Min Freq 9-20, 9-21
Minimum delay parameter (Layer) 6-19
Minimum Rate parameter (LFO) 6-39
MISC page (Program Editor) 6-67
Miscellaneous (MISC) 14-9
MMC 12-8
Mod Mode 9-25
Mod Wheel 3-5
Mode buttons 3-2
Mode parameter (ASR) 6-40
Mode selection 3-1, 4-1
Modes 4-1
Program 6-1
Modes, using 4-2
Modulator
ring modulation 9-25
Momentary
switch type 7-31
Mono sound systems 2-2
Monophonic parameter (Common) 6-35
Monophonic programs 6-35
Monster Truck radio spots 9-15
Morph A>B 9-16
MPressure 7-20
MTC 12-2
Multiband Compression 9-17
Multitap delays 9-14
Multi-velocity keymaps 14-4
Mute Effects Box 5-7
MuteZn 7-24
Muting layers 5-7
Muting Setup zones 5-7
N
Name soft button 6-52
Naming 15-6
Naming objects using the keyboard 5-5
Natural amplitude envelope 6-42
Navigation 3-6
New Layer soft button 6-52
Noise generator 6-16
Non-harmonic overtones
creating with ring modulator 9-25
Note triggering 6-18
Number of loops parameter (AmpEnv) 6-44
Numeric Entry
Master mode MAIN page 11-2
Numeric entry 3-9
O
Object type and ID 5-2
Objects 5-1
Deleting 5-6
loading individually 13-9
Master Mode Delete 11-13
Master Mode Rename 11-13
Naming 5-3
RAM 5-2, 5-4
Renaming 5-3
ROM 5-2, 5-4
Octav 6-2, 8-2
Odd Wts 9-25
Opaque parameter (Layer) 6-20
Origin 9-24
OS Version 11-17
Osc1 Freq 9-25
Osc1 Lvl 9-25
Osc1 Shape 9-25
Osc1PlsWid 9-25
Osc1Smooth 9-25
Oscillators 6-53
Out Gain parameter 9-12
OUTPUT page (Program Editor: KB3) 6-70
Output settings
In Setup Mode 7-6
In Song Mode 12-12
Overview 1-3
Index-v
P
Pages 3-6
AMP (KB3) 6-62
AMPENV (Amplitude envelope) 6-42
ASR (Attack, Sustain, Release) 6-40
DRAWBR 6-61
ENV2 and ENV3 (Envelopes) 6-44
ENVCTL (Envelope control) 6-45
EQ 6-69
FUN (Attack, Sustain, Release) 6-41
KEYCLK 6-65
KEYMAP 6-14
LAYER 6-17
LFO 6-38
MIDI CHANLS 10-13
MIDI RECV 10-5
MIDI XMIT 10-1
MISC 6-67
OUTPUT (KB3) 6-70
PERC 6-63
PERC2 6-64
PITCH (KB3) 6-62
TONEWL 6-59
Pair Wts 9-25
Pan 9-22, 9-26
MIDI 10-14
Pan lock 10-14
Pan Mode parameter (Output) 6-32
Pan parameter (Output) 6-32
Pan Width 9-24
Panic button 2-8, 6-2, 10-18
Parameter locks 10-14
Parameters
AmpEnv 6-43–6-44
ASR 6-40–6-41
Common 6-35–6-60
Envelope control 6-46
Layer 6-18–6-21
LFO 6-39
Parametric equalizer 9-15
Path 13-3
PC3 Features 1-2
PC3 Overview 1-3
PC361 1-1
PC3x 1-1
PCH 10-16
Pedals 2-4
pedals 1-5
PERC page (Program Editor: KB3) 6-62
PERC page (Program Editor) 6-63
PERC2 page (Program Editor) 6-64
Phase parameter (LFO) 6-39
Pitch 9-25
Pitch Bend Mode parameter (Layer) 6-18
Pitch Bend Range parameter (Common) 6-35
PITCH page (Program Editor: KB3) 6-62
Pitch Wheel 3-5
Play/Pause button
with Easy Audition 2-7
Playback loops 6-16
Index-vi
Playback Mode parameter (Keymap) 6-16
Plus/Minus buttons 3-9
Polydistort 9-22
Polyphony 6-4, 11-15
KB3 6-60
Portamento click 6-36, 6-37
Portamento parameter (Common) 6-36
Portamento Rate parameter (Common) 6-36
Pos 9-22
Power cable 2-2
Pre Dly 9-13
Pre-Delay 9-13
Pressure (Press) Page
Setup Mode 7-35
Pressure Map
Master 11-6
MIDI Receive 10-8
MIDI Transmit 10-4
Preview Sample (PRVIEW) 11-17
PrgChgMode 10-6
Program buttons 3-4, 5-7
Program change formats 10-15
Program change mode 10-6
Program changes
Extended 10-15
MIDI 10-4
Quick Access mode 8-1
Program Editor
AMP page (KB3) 6-62
AMPENV page 6-42
ASR page 6-40
DRAWBR page 6-61
ENV2 and ENV3 pages 6-44
ENVCTL page 6-45
EQ page 6-69
FUN page 6-41
KEYCLK page 6-65
KEYMAP page 6-14
LAYER page 6-17
LFO page 6-38
MISC page 6-67
OUTPUT page (KB3) 6-70
PERC page 6-63
PERC2 page 6-64
PITCH page (KB3) 6-62
Soft buttons 6-12
TONEWL page 6-59
Program Info
Export 13-13
Program lock 10-14
Program mode 4-2, 6-1
Soft buttons 6-2
Program mode page 6-1
Program output settings
In Setup Mode 7-6
Programs D-1
Adding layers 6-52
Deleting 6-52
Deleting layers 6-52
Duplicating layers 6-52
Editing (KB3) 6-59
Editing (VAST) 6-12
Importing layers 6-52
KB3 2-8, 6-6
Renaming 6-52
Saving 6-52
selecting 2-7
VAST 2-8, 6-4
Ptch Offst 9-25
Pulse Width 9-21, 9-24
punching in 15-9
Punctuation 5-3
Q
Quantize
Song Mode TRACK Page 12-27
Quantize + Flange 9-19
Quantizing 15-15
Quartr Wts 9-25
Quick Access bank program changes 10-16
Quick Access button 5-7
Quick Access Editor 8-1
Quick Access mode 2-9, 4-3
R
R Diff Dl 9-14
RAM objects 5-2, 5-4
Rate Control parameter (LFO) 6-39
Rate Scale 9-24
Ratio 9-17
Real-time Control of Arpeggiator Parameters 7-53
Rear panel output settings
In Setup Mode 7-6
In Song Mode 12-12
Recording Overview 15-1
Recording songs 3-12
Region/Criteria window
Song mode 12-21
Rel Rate 9-20, 9-21
Rel Time 9-16
Release 9-17
Release parameter (ASR) 6-41
Release Time and Level parameters (AmpEnv) 6-43
Releasing ASRs 6-40
Remap
Song Mode TRACK Page 12-31
Rename 15-6
Renaming objects 5-3
with Rename utility 11-13
Renaming programs 6-52
Repeating ASRs 6-40
Reset
hard 11-16
Reset MIDI channels 10-18
ResH/LPhs 9-23
Resonance 9-20
Resonant Filter 9-20
Retrigger 9-18, 9-21
Reverb types 9-13
Reversing samples 6-16
Ribbon 2-5
Playing note patterns 7-26
ribbon 1-5
Ribbon Configuration (RIBCFG) Page 7-40
RIBBON Page 7-40
Riffs 7-55
Ring Modulation 9-25
ROM objects 5-4
ROM objects, saving 5-2
Room Type 9-13
Root Key
Sample Editor 14-10
Rotating Speakers 9-22
Roto InOut 9-22
Rvrb Time 9-13
S
Sample
Automatic Preview in a Program 11-17
Sample Editor 14-7, 14-9
Samples
Adjusting volume 14-4
Assigning to keymaps 14-3
Playback mode 6-16
Tuning 14-4
Save dialog 5-3
Save soft button 6-52
Saving
Naming 15-6
Rename 15-6
Song Mode 15-5
Saving and namingObjects
Saving 5-3
Saving files 5-6
Saving Master and Everything Files 13-6
Saving objects
RAM 5-4
ROM 5-4
Saving programs 6-52
Saving RAM objects 5-2
Saving ROM objects 5-2
SC Input 9-17
Search function 3-12
Select soft button 13-12
Selecting modes 3-1, 4-1
Selecting parameters 3-6
Selecting programs and setups 2-7
Sequencer
tutorial 12-1
sequencer 15-1
Set drawbars 6-62
Setup
Compare Editor 7-3
Setup button 5-7
Setup Editor 7-3
Delete Soft Button 7-68
Delete Zone (DelZn) Soft Button 7-68
Duplicate Zone (DupZn) Soft Button 7-68
Import Zone (ImpZn) Soft Button 7-68
Local Program (LocalPrg) 7-4
Index-vii
Name Soft Button 7-68
New Zone (NewZn) Soft Button 7-68
Soft buttons 7-68
Setup Mode
ARPEGIATOR Page 7-42
Channel/Program (CH/PROG) Page 7-4
Pressure (Press) Page 7-35
Ribbon Configuration (RIBCFG) Page 7-40
RIBBON Page 7-40
WHEEL Page 7-32
Setup mode 4-2, 7-1
Setup Mode analog output settings 7-6
Setups 2-9
Aux Bend 1 7-19
Aux Bend 2 7-19
BEND Page 7-18
Bend Range 7-18
COMMON Page 7-65
Continuous Control Pedal (CPEDAL) Page 7-34
Continuous Controller Parameters 7-29
Controllers 7-19
Curve (Curv) 7-29
Destination 7-5
Destination (Dest) 7-29
Entry (Ent) and Exit States 7-31
Entry Pan, Exit Pan 7-17
Entry values 7-30
Entry Volume, Exit Volume 7-17
Footswitch (FOOTSW) Page 7-36
Low and high key 7-10
Low Velocity (LoVel), HighVelocity (HiVel) 7-16
MIDI Bank 7-4, 7-5
MIDI Bank Mode 7-7
MIDI channel 7-5
MIDI Controller Destination List 7-21
Muting zones 5-7
Note Maps 7-10
Off Value 7-31
Offset (Add) 7-29
On Value 7-31
Pan/Volume (PAN/VOL) Page 7-17
physical controllers 7-20
RIBBON Page 7-39
Save Soft Button 7-68
Scale 7-29
selecting 2-7
SLIDER and SLID/2 Pages 7-33
Status 7-6
Switch controllers 7-30
SWITCH Page 7-37, 7-38
Switch Type (SwType) 7-31
Transpose 7-10
Transposing 7-1
Velocity Curve 7-14
Velocity Offset 7-12
Velocity Scale (VelScale) 7-11
Zone Arpeggiation 7-8
Setups Object List D-13
Shape parameter parameter (LFO) 6-39
Shift
Song Mode TRACK Page 12-28
Index-viii
Shift Key Number, Shift Key (ShKeyNum, ShiftKey) 7-26
Shift Pattern (ShiftPatt) 7-47
Shifting notes
in the Arpeggiator 7-46
Signal Delay 9-17
Signal Dly 9-16
Signal-to-noise ratio 2-5
Size Scale 9-13
Sliders 3-3, 7-20
SmartMedia 13-2
Smooth 9-17
Smooth Rate 9-20
SmoothTime 9-16
Smth Rate 9-21
Soft buttons 3-7
Keymap Editor 14-5
MIDI mode 10-18
in Program Editor 6-12
in Program Mode 6-2
Sample Editor 14-11
Setup Editor 7-68
Special functions 6-51
Software Upgrades 2-10
Soloing a zone 7-3
Song
Export 13-13
Song button 5-7
Song Editor 12-19
TRACK Page 12-21
Song Mode 12-1, 15-1
Demo Songs 15-15
Loops 15-15
Program Changes 15-16
Song Structure 15-16
The Event List 15-16
Song mode 4-3
Songs
Recording 3-12
Sostenuto Pedal parameter (Layer) 6-20
sound ROM expansion option 1-5
Source 1 6-26
Source and Depth parameters (EnvCtl) 6-46
Spacing 9-19
Special button functions 5-7
Special-function soft buttons 6-51
Specifications A-2
Spectral Multitap Delays 9-15
Speed 9-23
Start Point
Sample Editor 14-12
Startup 2-1
StatDlyLvl 9-19
Stereo parameter (Keymap) 6-15
Stereo simulation 9-25
Sustain not working 10-6
Sustain Pedal parameter (Layer) 6-20
Sustaining ASRs 6-40
SW button 3-5
Sweep 9-20
switch pedals 1-5
Sync In 2-3
System Exclusive ID 10-8
T
Tap Dly 9-18
Tap Lvl 9-18
Tap Pan 9-18
Tap Pitch 9-15
Tap PtAmt 9-15
Tap Shapr 9-15
Tap Tempo 11-10, 15-3
Tap types in Multitap delays 9-14
Tapn Bal 9-14
Tapn Level 9-14
Tempo 15-3
Master 11-10
Song mode - Tempo Track 12-33
Tap Tempo 11-10
Tap Tempo function 15-3
Threshold 9-17
Thru/Out switch 2-3
Timbre Shift parameter (Keymap) 6-16
time signature 15-3
Time Stamp 11-16
Toggle
switch type 7-31
TONEWL page (Program Editor) 6-59
Top line of display 3-6
Track output settings (Song Mode) 12-12
TRACK Page
Song Editor 12-21
Transpose
Master 11-2
MIDI 10-2
Song Mode TRACK Page 12-28
Transpose parameter (Keymap) 6-14
Transposing setups 7-1
Treb Freq 9-15
Treb Gain 9-15
Tremolo 9-24
Trig Filt 9-20
Trig parameter (Layer) 6-18
Trigger 9-20
Trigger parameter (ASR) 6-40
Triggered Filter 9-20
Triggering notes on startup 6-18
TRIM 14-12
Tuning samples 14-4
Tuning to other instruments 11-2
VAST 1-3
VAST program structure 6-4
VAST programs 2-8, 6-4
Velocity Map
MIDI Receive 10-7
MIDI Transmit 10-3
Velocity Range 14-4
Velocity tracking 6-25
Velocity tracking parameter (EnvCtl) 6-46
Velocity tracking parameter (Keymap) 6-15
Vib/Chor 9-23
VibChInOut 9-23
Vibrato/Chorus 9-23
virtual drive
USB Storage Mode 2-6
Voice allocation 11-15
Voice channels 6-4
Voltage
changing C-1
Voltage levels 2-2
Volume
MIDI 10-14
Volume lock 10-14
W
Warmth 9-21
Waveform display 14-12
Wet Bal 9-13
Wet/Dry 9-25
Wet/Dry parameter 9-12
WHEEL Page
Setup Mode 7-32
World-Wide Web 2-10
X
XCouple parameter 9-12
Xcrs Fin 9-19
Xcurs Crs 9-19
xD Card
formatting 13-13
xD Cards 13-2
xD memory cards 1-4, 2-6
Xfer 9-16
XMIT page 10-1
Xover 9-22
Xpose 2-8, 6-2, 8-2
X-Pro 1-1
U
Z
USB MIDI disconnected 13-1
USB Port 2-6
User amplitude envelope 6-42
Using the modes 4-2
Zero-crossings 14-13
Zone output settings (Setup Mode) 7-6
Zone status LEDs 7-2
Zones
Soloing 7-3
V
VA-1 Programs 1-3
Variable Architecture Synthesis 1-3
Index-ix
Index-x
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