7 0 . . . 2 0 0 ... D i g i t a l O... H M O S e r i e...

7 0 . . . 2 0 0  ... D i g i t a l   O... H M O   S e r i e...
70...200 MHz
Digital Oscilloscope
HMO Series 72x...202x
Manual
English
G e n e r a l i n f o r m a t i o n r e g a r d i n g t h e C E m a r k i n g General information regarding the CE marking
KONFORMITÄTSERKLÄRUNG
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
DECLARATION DE CONFORMITE
Hersteller
Manufacturer
Fabricant
HAMEG Instruments GmbH
Industriestraße 6
D-63533 Mainhausen
Die HAMEG Instruments GmbH bescheinigt die Konformität für das
Produkt
The HAMEG Instruments GmbH declares conformity of the product
HAMEG Instruments GmbH déclare la conformite du produit
Bezeichnung:
Product name:
Designation: Oszilloskop
Oscilloscope
Oscilloscope
Typ / Type / Type:
HMO722/-24, HMO1022/-24,
HMO1522/-24, HMO2022/-24
mit / with / avec: HO720
Optionen / Options / Options: HO730, HO740
mit den folgenden Bestimmungen / with applicable regulations / avec
les directives suivantes
EMV Richtlinie 89/336/EWG ergänzt durch 91/263/EWG, 92/31/EWG
EMC Directive 89/336/EEC amended by 91/263/EWG, 92/31/EEC
Directive EMC 89/336/CEE amendée par 91/263/EWG, 92/31/CEE
Niederspannungsrichtlinie 73/23/EWG ergänzt durch 93/68/EWG
Low-Voltage Equipment Directive 73/23/EEC amended by 93/68/EEC
Directive des equipements basse tension 73/23/CEE amendée par
93/68/CEE
Angewendete harmonisierte Normen / Harmonized standards applied
Normes harmonisées utilisées:
Sicherheit / Safety / Sécurité:
EN 61010-1:2001 (IEC 61010-1:2001)
Messkategorie / Measuring category / Catégorie de mesure: I
Überspannungskategorie / Overvoltage category /
Catégorie de surtension: II
Verschmutzungsgrad / Degree of pollution / Degré de pollution: 2
Elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit / Electromagnetic compatibility /
Compatibilité électromagnétique
EN 61326-1/A1 Störaussendung / Radiation / Emission:
Tabelle / table / tableau 4; Klasse / Class / Classe B.
Störfestigkeit / Immunity / Imunitée: Tabelle / table / tableau A1.
EN 61000-3-2/A14 Oberschwingungsströme / Harmonic current
emissions Émissions de courant harmonique: Klasse / Class / Classe
D.
EN 61000-3-3 Spannungsschwankungen u. Flicker / Voltage
fluctuations and flicker / Fluctuations de tension et du flicker.
Datum / Date / Date
02. 05. 2011
Unterschrift / Signature / Signatur
HAMEG instruments fulfill the regulations of the EMC directive. The
conformity test made by HAMEG is based on the actual generic- and
product standards. In cases where different limit values are applicable,
HAMEG applies the severer standard. For emission the limits for
residential, commercial and light industry are applied. Regarding the
immunity (susceptibility) the limits for industrial environment have
been used.
The measuring- and data lines of the instrument have much influence
on emission and immunity and therefore on meeting the acceptance
limits. For different applications the lines and/or cables used may
be different. For measurement operation the following hints and
conditions regarding emission and immunity should be observed:
1. Data cables
For the connection between instrument interfaces and external devices,
(computer, printer etc.) sufficiently screened cables must be used.
Without a special instruction in the manual for a reduced cable length,
the maximum cable length of a dataline must be less than 3 meters and
not be used outside buildings. If an interface has several connectors
only one connector must have a connection to a cable.
Basically interconnections must have a double screening. For IEEE-bus
purposes the double screened cable HZ72 from HAMEG is suitable.
2. Signal cables
Basically test leads for signal interconnection between test point and
instrument should be as short as possible. Without instruction in the
manual for a shorter length, signal lines must be less than 3 meters
and not be used outside buildings.
Signal lines must screened (coaxial cable - RG58/U). A proper ground
connection is required. In combination with signal generators double
screened cables (RG223/U, RG214/U) must be used.
3. Influence on measuring instruments
Under the presence of strong high frequency electric or magnetic
fields, even with careful setup of the measuring equipment, influence
of such signals is unavoidable.
This will not cause damage or put the instrument out of operation. Small
deviations of the measuring value (reading) exceeding the instruments
specifications may result from such conditions in individual cases.
4. RF immunity of oscilloscopes.
4.1 Electromagnetic RF field
The influence of electric and magnetic RF fields may become visible
(e.g. RF superimposed), if the field intensity is high. In most cases
the coupling into the oscilloscope takes place via the device under
test, mains/line supply, test leads, control cables and/or radiation.
The device under test as well as the oscilloscope may be effected by
such fields.
Although the interior of the oscilloscope is screened by the cabinet,
direct radiation can occur via the CRT gap. As the bandwidth of
each amplifier stage is higher than the total –3dB bandwidth of the
oscilloscope, the influence of RF fields of even higher frequencies
may be noticeable.
4.2 Electrical fast transients / electrostatic discharge
0.1transient
Generalsignals
information
regarding
Electrical fast
(burst) may
be coupled into the
oscilloscope directly
via the
mains/line supply, or indirectly via test
the CE
marking
leads and/or control cables. Due to the high trigger and input sensitivity
of the oscilloscopes, such normally high signals may effect the trigger
unit and/or may become visible on the TFT, which is unavoidable. These
effects can also be caused by direct or indirect electrostatic discharge.
HAMEG Instruments GmbH
2
Subject to change without notice
Holger Asmussen
General Manager
C o n t e n t
0.1
General information regarding the CE marking
2
0.2
70...200 MHz Digital Oscilloscope HMO Series
72x...202x
4
0.3
Specifications
5
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
1.11
Installation and safety instructions
Symbols Setting up the instrument
Safety
Correct operation
Ambient conditions
Warranty and repair
Maintenance
CAT I
Mains voltage
Product Disposal
Batteries and rechargeable batteries / cells
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
2
Familiarize yourself with your new HAMEG
Digital Storage Oscilloscope
2.1 Front view
2.2 Control panel
2.3 Screen
2.4 Rear view
2.5 Options
2.6 General concept of instrument operation
2.7 Basic settings and integrated help
2.8 Bus Signal Source
2.9 Updates for the instrument settings and interface
firmware and the help functions
2.10 Upgrade with software options
2.11 Self Alignment
8
8
8
9
9
9
10
10
11
11
12
12
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
A quick introduction
Setting up and turning the instrument on
Connection of a probe and signal capture
Display of signal details
Cursor measurements
Automatic measurements
Mathematical functions
Storing data
13
13
13
13
14
14
15
15
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5 4.6 Vertical system
Coupling
Sensitivity, Y-Positioning, and Offset
Bandwidth Limit and Signal Inversion
Probe attenuation selection
Level setting
Name a channel
16
16
17
17
17
17
17
5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
Horizontal System (Time Base)
Capturing modes RUN and STOP
Time base adjustments
Capture modes
ZOOM function
Marker function
18
18
18
18
19
19
6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
Trigger System
Trigger modes Auto, Normal, Single
Trigger sources
Slope trigger
Pulse trigger
Video trigger
20
20
21
21
21
22
7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
Display of signals
Display settings
Use of the virtual screen area
Signal intensity and persistence functions
XY display
22
22
22
23
23
8
8.1
8.2
Measurements
Cursor measurements
Auto measurements
24
24
25
9
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
Analysis Quick mathematics
Formula editor
Frequency analysis (FFT)
Quickview measurements
PASS/FAIL test based on masks
27
27
27
28
29
29
10
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
Documentation, storing and recalling
Instrument settings
References
Curves
Screenshots
Sets of formulas
Definition of the FILE/PRINT key
30
30
31
31
32
32
33
11
Component test 11.1 General
11.2 In-circuit tests
33
33
34
12
12.1
12.2
12.3
Mixed Signal Operation (optional)
Logic trigger
Display functions of the logic channels Cursor measurements for the logic channels
35
35
35
36
13
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
13.6
13.7
13.8
13.9
Serial bus analysis (optional)
I2C bus I2C Bus configuration
I2C bus triggering
SPI bus
SPI bus definition
SPI bus triggering
UART/RS-232 bus
UART/RS-232 bus definition
UART/RS-232 bus triggering
37
37
37
38
38
39
39
39
40
40
14
14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 Remote control via interface
RS-232
USB
Ethernet (Option HO730)
IEEE 488.2 / GPIB (Option HO740)
41
41
41
42
42
15
Appendix
15.1 List of figures
15.2 Glossary
43
43
43
Subject to change without notice
3
H M O S e r i e s HMO2024
2 0 0 M H z 2 [ 4 ] C h a n n e l D i g i t a l O s c i l l o s c o p e HMO2022 [HMO2024]
2 Channel Version
HMO2022
Side view
8 Channel
Logic Probe HO3508
4
R 2
GSa/s Real Time, Low Noise Flash A/D Converter (Reference Class)
R 2 MPts Memory, Memory oom up to 50,000:1
R MSO(MixedSignalOpt.HO3508)with8LogicChannels
R Serial Bus TriggerandHardwareacceleratedDecode,
I2C,SPI,UART/RS-232(Opt.HOO10,HOO11)
R 8UserdefinableMarkersforeasyNavigation
R Pass/FailTestbasedonMasks
R VerticalSensitivity1mV/div.,OffsetControl±0.2...±20V
R 12div.x-AxisDisplayRange,20div.y-AxisDisplayRange
(VirtualScreen)
R TriggerModes:Slope,Video,Pulsewidth,Logic,Delayed,Event
R ComponentTester,6DigitCounter,Automeasurement,
0.270...200 MHz Digital Oscilloscope HMO Series 72x...202x
FormulaEditor,Ratiocursor,FFTforSpectralAnalysis
R Crisp16.5cm(6.5”)TFTVGADisplay,DVIOutput
R LowestNoiseFan
R 3xUSBforMassStorage,PrinterandRemoteControl
optionalIEEE-488(GPIB)orEthernet/USB
Subject to change without notice
S p e c i f i c a t i o n s
200 MHz 2 [4] Channel Digital Oscilloscope HMO2022 [HMO2024]
Alldatavalidat23°Cafter30minutewarm-up.
Display
Display:
Resolution:
Backlight:
Displayareaforcurves:
withoutmenu
withmenu
Colordepth:
Intensitystepspertrace:
Vertical System
Channels:
DSOmode
MSOmode
Auxiliaryinput:
Function
Impedance
Coupling
Max.inputvoltage
XYZ-mode:
Invert:
Y-bandwidth(-3dB):
LowerACbandwidth:
Bandwidthlimiter
(switchable):
Risetime(calculated):
DCgainaccuracy
Inputsensitivity:
CH1,CH2[CH1...CH4]
Variable
InputsCH1,CH2[CH1…CH4]:
Impedance
Coupling
Max.inputvoltage
Measuringcircuits:
Positionrange
Offsetcontrol:
1mV,2mV
5…50mV
100mV
200mV…2V
5V
Logicchannels
Select.switching
thresholds
Impedance
Coupling
Max.inputvoltage
Triggering
Analogchannels:
Automatic:
Min.signalheight
Frequencyrange
Levelcontrolrange
Normal(without peak):
Min.signalheight
Frequencyrange
Levelcontrolrange
Operatingmodes:
Slope:
Sources:
Coupling(Analog
Channel):
16.5 cm (6.5”) VGA Color TFT
640 x 480 Pixel
LED 400 cd/m2
400 x 600 Pixel (8 x 12 div.)
400 x 500 Pixel (8 x 10 div.)
256 colors
0…31
CH 1, CH 2 [CH 1...CH 4]
CH 1, CH 2, LCH 0…7 (logic channels)
[CH 1, CH 2, LCH 0…7, CH4]
with Option HO3508
Frontside [Rear side]
Ext. Trigger
1 MΩ || 14 pF ±2 pF
DC, AC
100 V (DC + peak AC)
All analog channels on individual choice
CH 1, CH 2 [CH 1...CH 4]
200 MHz (5 mV…5 V)/div
100 MHz (1 mV, 2 mV)/div
2 Hz
approx. 20 MHz
<1.75 ns
2%
12 calibrated steps
1 mV/div.…5 V/div. (1–2–5 Sequence)
Between calibrated steps
1 MΩ || 14 pF ±2 pF (50 Ω switchable)
DC, AC, GND
200 V (DC + peak AC), 50 Ω <5 Vrms
Measuring Category I (CAT I), UL 61010B-1
±10 Divs
±0,2 V - 10 div. x Sensitivity
±1 V - 10 div. x Sensitivity
±2,5 V - 10 div. x Sensitivity
±40 V - 10 div. x Sensitivity
±100 V - 10 div. x Sensitivity
With Option HO3508
TTL, CMOS, ECL, User -2…+8 V
100 kΩ || <4 pF
DC
40 V (DC + peak AC)
Linking of peakdetection and triggerlevel
0.8 div.; 0.5 div. typ. (1.5 Div at ^ 2 mV/Div)
5 Hz…250 MHz (5 Hz…120 MHz at ^ 2 mV/Div)
From peak- to peak+
0.8 div.; 0.5 div. typ. (1.5 Div at ^ 2 mV/Div)
0 Hz…250 MHz (0 Hz…120 MHz at ^ 2 mV/Div)
-10...+10 div from center of the screen
Slope/Video/Logic/Pulses/Busses (optional)
Rising, falling, both
CH 1, CH 2, Line, Ext., LCH 0…7
[CH 1...CH 4, Line, Ext., LCH 0…7]
AC: 5 Hz...250 MHz
DC: 0...250 MHz
HF: 30 kHz...250 MHz
LF: 0...5 kHz
Noiserejection: switchable
Video: 0.3Specifications
PAL, NTSC, SECAM, PAL-M, SDTV 576i,
Standards
HDTV 720p, HDTV 1080i, HDTV 1080p
Field 1, field 2, both
Fields
All, selectable line number
Line
Positive, negative
Sync.Impulse
Sources:
Logic:
Sources:
State
Pulses:
Modes
Range
Sources:
Indicatorfortriggeraction:
Ext.Triggervia:
2ndTrigger:
Slope:
Min.signalheight
Frequencyrange
Levelcontrolrange
Operatingmodes:
aftertime
afterincidence
Busses(Opt.HOO10):
Sources:
Busses(Opt.HOO11):
Sources:
Format
I2C
SPI
UART/RS-232
Horizontal System
Domainrepresentation:
RepresentationTimeBase:
MemoryZoom:
Accuracy:
TimeBase:
RollMode:
Digital Storage
Samplingrate(real time):
Memory:
Operationmodes:
Resolution(vertical)
Resolution(horizontal)
Interpolation:
Persistence:
Delaypretrigger:
posttrigger:
Displayrefreshrate:
Display:
Referencememories:
CH 1, CH 2, Ext. [CH 1...CH 4]
AND, OR, TRUE, FALSE
LCH 0…7
LCH 0…7 X, H, L
Positive, negative
equal, unequal, less than, greater than,
within/without a range
min. 32 ns, max. 10 s, resolution min. 8 ns
CH 1, CH 2, [CH 1...CH 4]
LED
Auxiliary input 0.3 V…10 Vpp
Rising, falling, both
0.8 div.; 0.5 div. typ. (1.5 div at ≤2 mV/div)
0 Hz…250 MHz (0 Hz...120 MHz at ≤2 mV/div)
-10...+10 div.
32 ns…10 s
1…216
I2C/SPI/UART/RS-232
CH 1, CH 2, Ext., LCH 0…7
[CH 1...CH 4, Ext., LCH 0…7]
I2C/SPI/UART/RS-232
CH 1, CH 2, Ext. (for Chip Select at SPI)
[CH 1...CH 4, Ext.] (for Chip Select at SPI)
hexadecimal, binary
Trigger on Start, Stop, Restart, NACK,
Adress (7 or 10 Bit), Data, Adress and Data,
up to 5 Mb/s
up to 32 Bit Data, Chip select (CS) pos.
or neg., without CS, up to 12,5 Mb/s
up to 8 Bit Data, up to 31 Mb/s
Time, Frequency (FFT), Voltage (XY)
Main-window, main- and zoom-window
Up to 50,000:1
50 ppm
2 ns/div.…50 s/div.
50 ms/div.…50 s/div.
2 x 1 GSa/s, 1 x 2 GSa/s
[4 x 1 GSa/s, 2 x 2 GSa/s]
Logic channels: 8 x 1 GSa/s
2 x 1 MPts, 1 x 2 MPts [4 x 1 MPts, 2 x 2 MPts]
Refresh, Average, Envelope, Peak-Detect
Roll: free run/triggered, Filter, HiRes
8 Bit, (HiRes up to 10 Bit)
40 ps
Sinx/x, linear, Sample-hold
Off, 50 ms...∞
0...8 Million x (1/samplerate)
0...2 Million x (1/samplerate)
Up to 2000 waveforms/s
Dots, vectors, „persistence“
typ. 10 Traces
Operation/Measuring/Interfaces
Menu-driven (multilingual), Autoset,
Operation:
help functions (multilingual)
typ. 10 complete instrument parameter
Save/Recallmemories:
settings
Frequencycounter:
6 Digit resolution
0.5Hz...250MHz
50 ppm
Accuracy
Amplitude, standard deviation, Vpp, Vp+, Vp-,
Automeasurements:
Vrms, Vavg, Vtop, Vbase, frequency, period, pulse
count, twidth+, twidth-, tdutycycle+, tdutycycle, trise, tfall,
pos. edge count, neg. edge count, pos.
pulse count, neg. pulse count, trigger
frequency, trigger period, phase, delay
∆V, ∆t, 1/∆t (f), V to Gnd, Vt related to
Cursormeasurements:
Trigger point, ratio X and Y, pulse count,
peak to peak, peak+, peak-, mean value,
RMS value, standard deviation
Dual-Interface USB type B/RS-232 (HO720),
Interface:
2x USB type A (front- and rear side each 1x)
max. 100 mA, DVI-D for ext. Monitor
IEEE-488 (GPIB) (HO740),
Optional:
Ethernet/USB (HO730)
Display functions
Marker:
up to 8 user definable marker for easy
navigation
Subject to change without notice
5
6i,
RMS value, standard deviation
Dual-Interface USB type B/RS-232 (HO720),
2x USB type A (front- and rear side each 1x)
max. 100 mA, DVI-D for ext. Monitor
a n d (GPIB)
s a f e(HO740),
t y i n s t r u c t i o n s IEEE-488
Optional: I n s t a l l a t i o n
Ethernet/USB (HO730)
Interface:
Display functions
VirtualScreen:
Marker:
Busdisplay:
VirtualScreen:
Busdisplay:
Parallel
I2C
Parallel
(Opt.
HOO10, HOO11)
I2C
SPI
(Opt. HOO10, HOO11)
UART/RS-232
SPI HOO10, HOO11)
(Opt.
(Opt. HOO10, HOO11)
UART/RS-232
Mathematic functions
(Opt. HOO10, HOO11)
Numberofformulasets:
Sources:
Mathematic functions
Targets:
Numberofformulasets:
Functions:
Sources:
Targets:
Functions:
Display:
Pass/Fail functions
Display:
Sources:
Typeoftest:
Pass/Fail functions
Sources:
Functions:
Typeoftest:
Functions:
virtual Display with 20 div. vertical for all
up to 8 Logic-,
user definable
marker
for easy
Math-,
Bus- and
Reference
Signals
navigation
up
to 2 busses, user definable, parallel or
virtualbusses
Display(option),
with 20 div.
vertical
forbus
all
serial
decode
of the
Math-,inLogic-,
and
Reference
value
ASCII, Busbinary,
decimal
or Signals
up to 2 busses,
parallel or
hexadecimal,
upuser
to 4 definable,
lines
serialchannels
busses (option),
of as
thesource
bus
logic
can alsodecode
be used
value
ASCII, binary, decimal or
for
busindefinition
hexadecimal,
up to 4Write
linesAdress, Data,
color
coded Read-,
logic channels
can also bemissing
used as source
Start,
Stop, acknowledge,
for bus definition
acknowledge,
Errors and Trigger condition
Read-,Start,
WriteStop,
Adress,
Data,
color coded Data,
Errors
and
Start, Stop,
acknowledge, missing
Trigger
condition
acknowledge,
Errors
andStop,
Trigger
condition
color
coded Data,
Start,
Errors
and
color coded
Data, Start, Stop, Errors and
Trigger
condition
Trigger condition
color coded Data, Start, Stop, Errors and
Trigger
condition
5
formula
sets with up to 5 formulas each
All channels and math. memories
Math. memories
5 formula
to 5 DIV,
formulas
each
ADD,
SUB,sets
1/X, with
ABS,up
MUL,
SQ, POS,
All channels
andDIFF,
math.SQR,
memories
NEG,
INV, INTG,
MIN, MAX, LOG,
Math.
memories
LN,
Low-,
High-pass filter
ADD,
1/X,memories
ABS, MUL,
DIV,
SQ, POS,
Up
to SUB,
4 math.
with
label
NEG, INV, INTG, DIFF, SQR, MIN, MAX, LOG,
LN, Low-, High-pass filter
Up to 4 channels
math. memories with label
Analog
Mask around a signal, userdefined
tolerance
AnalogBeep,
channels
Stop,
screen shot (screen print-out)
Mask around
userdefined
and/or
outputatosignal,
printer
for pass or fail,
tolerance
event
counting up to 4 billion, including
Stop,
Beep, screen
(screen of
print-out)
the
number
and theshot
percentage
pass
and/or
and
failoutput
eventsto printer for pass or fail,
event counting up to 4 billion, including
the number and the percentage of pass
and fail events
General Information
Componenttester
10 VP (open) typ.
Testvoltage:
General Information
10 mAP (short) typ.
Testcurrent:
Componenttester
50 Hz / 200 Hz typ.
Testfrequency:
10 VP (open)
typ.earth)
Testvoltage:
Ground
(safety
ReferencePotential:
10kHz/1
mAP MHz
(short)
typ. wave signal ~1Vpp
Testcurrent:
1
square
ProbeADJOutput:
50 Hz
200 Hz typ.
Testfrequency:
(ta
<4/ns)
Ground
ReferencePotential:
SPI,
I2C,(safety
UART, earth)
Parallel (4 Bit)
BusSignalSource
1 kHz/1
MHz
square
wavedata
signal ~1Vpp
ProbeADJOutput:
and
time
for stored
InternalRTC(Realtime
clock): Date
(ta <4 ns)
90…253
V,V,50/60
Hz,
CAT
II II
Linevoltage:
100…240
50…60
Hz,
CAT
SPI, I245
C,W,
UART,
Parallel
Bit)W, typ. 35 W]
BusSignalSource
Max.
50
Watt
230
50(4Hz
Powerconsumption:
typ.at25
W V,
[max.
55
Date and
time
for stored data
InternalRTC(Realtime clock): Safety
class
I (EN61010-1)
Protectivesystem:
90…253
Hz,
CAT
II II
Linevoltage:
100…240V,
V,50/60
50…60
Hz,
CAT
+5...+40
°C
Operatingtemperature:
Max. 45
50 W,
Watt
230
50 Hz
Powerconsumption:
W V,
[max.
55 W, typ. 35 W]
-20...+70
°Ctyp.at25
Storagetemperature:
Safety%class
(EN61010-1)
Protectivesystem:
5...80
(non Icondensing)
Rel.humidity:
+5...+40
°Cx 140 mm
Operatingtemperature:
285
x 175
Dimensions(W
x H x D):
-20...+70 °C
Storagetemperature:
<2.5kg
Weight:
5...80 % (non condensing)
Rel.humidity:
285 x 175 x 140 mm
Dimensions(W x H x D):
Weight:
Accessories supplied:
Line cord,<2.5kg
Operating manual, 2 [4] Probes,
10:1 with attenuation ID (HZO10), CD
Recommended accessories:
Accessories supplied:
Line cord,
Operatingaccelerated
manual, 2 [4]
Probes,
HOO10
Serial bus trigger
and hardware
decode,
10:1 with attenuation
ID (HZO10), CD
I2C, SPI, UART/RS-232
on Logic channels and Analog channels
Recommended accessories:
HOO11
Serial bus trigger and hardware acelerated decode,
2
HOO10
bus
trigger and hardware
ISerial
C, SPI,
UART/RS-232
on Analogaccelerated
channels decode,
I2C, SPI,
UART/RS-232
Logic channels and Analog channels
HO3508 active
8 Channel
Logic on
Probe
HOO11
Serial bus trigger
and hardware acelerated decode,
HO730
Dual-Interface
Ethernet/USB
I2C, SPI, UART/RS-232
on Analog
channels
HO740
Interface
IEEE-488 (GPIB)
galvanically
isolated
HO3508 4RU
active19‘‘
8 Channel
Logic
HZO91
Rackmount
KitProbe
HO730
Dual-Interface
Ethernet/USB
HZO90
Carrying
Case for
protection and transport
HO740
Interface
IEEE-488
HZO20
High
Voltage
probe (GPIB)
1000:1 galvanically
(400 MHz) isolated
HZO91
4RU 19‘‘
Rackmount
Kit (1 GHz)
HZO30
single
ended
active probe
HZO90
Carrying
Case for protection
and transport
HZO50
AC/DC
Currentprobe
20 A, DC…100
kHz
HZO20
High Voltage
probe 1000:1
(400
MHz)kHz
HZO51
AC/DC
Currentprobe
1000 A,
DC…20
HZO30
single ended active probe (1 GHz)
HZO50
AC/DC Currentprobe 20 A, DC…100 kHz
HZO51
AC/DC Currentprobe 1000 A, DC…20 kHz
Differences within the HMO-series 72x...202x:
Most of the technical data of the HMO series 72x ... 202x are identical. Please find the most important differences at the following table.
unit
HMO72x
HMO102x
HMO152x
HMO202x
bandwidth
70 MHz
100 MHz
150 MHz
200 MHz
verticalsettingsat1MOhm
1 mV...10V/Div
1 mV...10V/Div
1 mV…5 V/Div
1 mV…5 V/Div
inputimpedance
1 MOhm
1 MOhm
1 MOhm / 50 Ohm
1 MOhm / 50 Ohm
offsetrange
±0,2…±20 V
±0,2…±20 V
For the complete and latest technical data of each oscilloscope of the HMO series please look at the website www.hameg.com.
1 Installation and safety instructions
1.1
Setting up the instrument
As you can see from the picture, there are small feets on the
bottom which can be folded out. Please make sure you have
fully folded out the feet‘s in order to ensure stability of the
instrument..
1.2
Safety
The instrument fulfils the VDE 0411 part 1 regulations for
electrical measuring, control and laboratory instruments and
was manufactured and tested accordingly. It left the factory in
perfect safe condition. Hence it also corresponds to European
Standard EN 61010-1 and International Standard IEC 1010-1.
In order to maintain this condition and to ensure safe operation the user is required to observe the warnings and other
6
Fig. 1.1: Operating positions
directions for use in this manual. Housing, chassis as well as
all measuring terminals are connected to safety ground of the
mains. All accessible metal parts were tested against the mains
Subject to change without notice
HMO2022/2024E/180511
HMO2022/2024E/140711 · C&E · Subject to change without notice · © HAMEG Instruments GmbH® · DQS-certified in accordance with DIN EN ISO 9001:2008, Reg.-No.: 071040 QM08
HAMEGInstrumentsGmbH·Industriestr.6·D-63533Mainhausen·Tel+49(0)61828000·Fax+49(0)6182800100·www.hameg.com·[email protected]
I n s t a l l a t i o n a n d s a f e t y i n s t r u c t i o n s
with 2200 VDC. The instrument conforms to safety class I. The
oscilloscope may only be operated from mains outlets with a
safety ground connector. The mains plug has to be installed
prior to connecting any signals. It is prohibited to separate the
safety ground connection. If suspected that safe operation may
not be guaranteed do not use the instrument any more and lock
it away in a secure place.
Return material authorization (RMA):
Prior to returning an instrument to HAMEG, ask for a RMA
number either by internet (http://www.hameg.com) or fax (+49
(0) 6182 800 501). If you do not have an original shipping carton,
you may obtain one by calling the HAMEG service dept (+49 (0)
6182 800 500) or by sending an email to [email protected]
Safe operation may be endangered if any of the following was
noticed:
– in case of visible damage.
– in case loose parts were noticed
– if it does not function any more.
– after prolonged storage under unfavourable conditions (e.g.
like in the open or in moist atmosphere).
– after any improper transport (e.g. insufficient packing not
conforming to the minimum standards of post, rail or transport firm)
1.6
1.3
1.4
Ambient conditions
Operating ambient temperature: +5 °C to +40 °C. During transport or storage the temperature may be –20 °C to +70°C. Please
note that after exposure to such temperatures or in case of
condensation, proper time must be allowed until the instrument
has reached the permissible temperature, and until the condensation has evaporated before it may be turned on! Ordinarily
this will be the case after 2 hours. The oscilloscope is destined
for use in clean and dry environments. Do not operate in dusty
or chemically aggressive atmosphere or if there is danger of
explosion. The any operating position may be used, however,
sufficient ventilation must be ensured. Prolonged operation
requires the horizontal or inclined position.
Do not obstruct the ventilation holes!
Specifications are valid after a 30 minute warm-up period at 23
degr. C (tolerance ±2 degr. C). Specifications without tolerances
are average values.
1.5
Before cleaning please make sure the instrument
is switched off and disconnected from all power
supplies.
Clean the outer case using a dust brush or a soft, lint-free dust
cloth at regular intervals.
No part of the instrument should be cleaned by the
use of cleaning agents (as f.e. alcohol) as they may
adversely affect the labeling, the plastic or lacquered surfaces.
Correct operation
Please note: This instrument is only destined for use by personnel well instructed and familiar with the dangers of electrical
measurements. For safety reasons the oscilloscope may only
be operated from mains outlets with safety ground connector.
It is prohibited to separate the safety ground connection. The
plug must be inserted prior to connecting any signals.
The oscilloscope is destined for operation in industrial, business,
manufacturing, and domestic sites.
Warranty and repair
HAMEG instruments are subjected to a strict quality control.
Prior to leaving the factory, each instrument is burnt in for 10
hours. By intermittent operation during this period almost all
defects are detected. Following the burn in, each instrument is
tested for function and quality, the specifications are checked
in all operating modes; the test gear is calibrated to national
standards.
The warranty standards applicable are those of the country
in which the instrument was sold. Reclamations should be
directed to the dealer.
Only valid in EU countries
In order to speed claims, customers in EU countries may also
contact HAMEG directly. Also, after the warranty expired, the
HAMEG service will be at your disposal for any repairs.
Maintenance
The display can be cleaned using water or a glass cleaner (but
not with alcohol or other cleaning agents). Thereafter wipe the
surfaces with a dry cloth. No fluid may enter the instrument.
Do not use other cleaning agents as they may adversely affect
the labels, plastic or lacquered surfaces.
1.7
CAT I
This oscilloscope is destined for measurements in circuits not
connected to the mains or only indirectly. Direct measurements, i.e. with a galvanic connection to circuits corresponding
to the categories II, III, or IV are prohibited! The measuring
circuits are considered not connected to the mains if a suitable
isolation transformer fulfilling safety class II is used. Measurements on the mains are also possible if suitable probes
like current probes are used which fulfill the safety class II.
The measurement category of such probes must be checked
and observed. The measurement categories were derived
corresponding to the distance from the power station and the
transients hence to be expected. Transients are short, very fast
voltage or current excursions which may be periodic or not.
Measurement CAT IV: Measurements close to the power station,
e.g. on electricity meters
Measurement CAT III: Measurements in the interior of buildings
(power distribution installations, mains outlets, motors which
are permanently installed).
Measurement CAT II: Measurements in circuits directly connected to the mains (household appliances, power tools etc).
Measurement CAT I: Electronic instruments and circuits which
contain circuit breakers or fuses.
1.8
Mains voltage
The instrument has a wide range power supply from 105 to
253 V, 50 or 60 Hz ±10%. There is hence no line voltage selector.
The line fuse is accessible on the rear panel and part of the line
input connector. Prior to exchanging a fuse, the line cord must
be pulled out. Exchange is only allowed if the fuse holder is
undamaged. It can be taken out using a screwdriver put into the
slot. The fuse can be pushed out of its holder and exchanged.
The holder with the new fuse can then be pushed back in place
against the spring. It is prohibited to ”repair“ blown fuses or to
bridge the fuse. Any damages incurred by such measures will
void the warranty.
Subject to change without notice
7
I n t r o d u c t i o n 1
55
54
53
52
51 50
49
A
2
48
B
47
C
46
45
D
Fig. 2.1: Frontview of the HMO2024
2 Familiarize yourself with your new HAMEG
Digital Storage Oscilloscope
9
3
4
10
7
6
12
13
15 16
A
2.1 Front view
On the front you find the power key 1 , in order to switch on
the instrument or enter stand by mode. If the instrument is
in stand by mode, this key light up red. If the scoe is switched
off using the main power switch on the back, the red light will
also switch off. (this will take some seconds) Furthermore you
find on the front panel the the control panel 2 , A , B , C , D ,
the BNC connectors of the analog inputs 45 to 48 , the probe
adjustment output 51 , the bus signal source 50 ,the connectors
for the optional logic probe HO3508 53 , a USB port for USB
sticks 54 , the TFT screen 55 , the inputs for the component
tester 52 and the LED 49 for showing activity on the remote
interface. At the two channel versions there is the external
Trigger and Z-input BNC connector at right side.
Please note, the connector for the active logic
probes HO3508 53 are solely for these probe. Connecting anything else could destroy the inputs!
2.2 Control panel
The controls on the front panel allow direct access to the most
important functions; all extended functions are available via
the menu structure by using the grey soft keys. The power
key 1 is clearly set apart by its design. The most important
controls are backlighted by coloured LEDs in order to immediately indicate the actual settings. The panel is subdivided in
these four areas:
8
Subject to change without notice
5
8
11
14
17
Fig. 2.2:
Area A of the
control panel.
Area A
This area encompasses these three portions: Cursor/Menu
– Analyze – General.
In the portion Cursor/Menu you find the cursor functions
8 , the general cursor select and adjustment knob 4 , the
Intensity/Persistence key 7 , the key to call a virtual keyboard
6 , the key for switching between fine and coarse resolution
of the universal knob 3 and the key for the selection of virtual
screen 5 .
Please note, if you press the AUTOSET button 15
longer then 3 seconds, the HMO will be reset to its
default settings!
The portion Analyze allows direct selection of FFT 9 displays,
the Quick-view mode 10 (all important parameters of the actual signal display), and the „Automeasure“ function 11 for the
automatic measurement of parameters.
The portion headed General comprises the following keys:
Save/Recall 12 for saving and recalling instrument settings,
reference signals, signals, screen displays, and sets of formulae, HELP 16 , DISPLAY 14 for access to the general display
I n t r o d u c t i o n
settings, AUTOSET 15 , SETUP 13 for access to the general
settings (e.g. the language), FILE/PRINT 17 .
Area B :
In the area VERTICAL you find all
controls of the analog channels
such as the position control knob
18 , the XY or component tester
mode select key 19 , the vertical
gain adjustment knob 20 , the extended menu functions key 21 , the
channel select keys 22 to 25 , (the
two-channel version HMO3522 has
only 22 23 ) which also serve as the
selection keys for the optional logic
probes 24 25 . There are also the
mathematics function key 26 and
the reference signal settings key 27 .
B
22
18
23
19
24
25
20
26
27
21
Area C :
Fig. 2.3: Area B of the
This area Trigger of the control control panel.
panel offers all functions for the
adjustment of the trigger level 28 ,
C
the selection of auto or normal
trigger 29 , the trigger type 31 , the
28
trigger source 32 , single sweep
33 , the trigger slope 34 , the trigger signal filters 36 . In addition,
there are status indicators sho29
wing whether a signal fulfills the
trigger conditions 30 and which
30
slope was selected 34 .
Area D :
The keys 37 38 39 on this control
panel area Horizontal allow to
shift the trigger position horizontally, either step-by-step or using the
smaller one of the knobs. The backlighted key 39 controls the run or
stop modes; the key will light up red
in stop mode. The key 40 activates
the zoom function, the key 44 the
selection of the acquisition modes,
the key 42 the access to the time
base menus. The knob 43 allows to
adjust the time base speed.
To the left of the control panel there
are the soft keys 2 which control
the menu functions.
Fig. 2.6: Screen
cursors, the settings of the activated vertical channels, of the
reference signal, and of the mathematically derived curves [4]
are shown. Within the graticule, the signals of the selected channels are displayed. Normally, 8 vertical divisions are shown; it
can be virtually extended to 20 divisions which can be displayed
using the Scroll Bar knob 5 .
2.4 Rear view
33
34
31
35
32
36
Fig. 2.4: Area C of the
control panel
On the rear panel there are the main power switch [1], the
receptacle for the interface modules [2] (USB / RS-232, USB/
Ethernet, IEEE-488), the standard DVI connector [3] for the connection of external monitors and projectors, the BNC connector
for the Y output [4] (of the channel selected for triggering) and
the external trigger input [5]. With the two-channel models this
connector is located on the front panel.
Also here you can find an additional USB Port [6] and the main
power input [7]
D
37
38
37
[1]
[2]
41
42
39
43
40
2.3 Screen
44
The HMO is equipped with a 6.5“ Fig. 2.5: Area D
(16.5 cm) LED backlighted colour of the control panel
TFT display with VGA resolution (640
x 480 pixels). In normal mode (no menus shown) there are 12
divisions in X direction. If menus are shown, this will be reduced to 10 divisions. On the left of the screen area little arrows
[1] indicate the reference potentials of the channels. The line
above the graticule contains status and settings information
such as the time base speed, the trigger delay and other trigger
conditions, the actual sampling rate, and the acquisition mode
[2]. On the right of the graticule a short menu is shown which
contains the most important settings of the channel actually
being displayed; these may be selected using the soft keys [3].
Below the graticule, measurement results of parameters and
Fig. 2.7: Rear panel of the HMO2524
[5] [4]
[3]
[6][7]
2.5 Options
The HMO series instruments offer some options which allow you
to extend the areas of application considerably. The following
interface modules are available and may be installed by the
customer in the rear receptacle:
– HO740 (IEEE-488, GPIB, galvanically isolated)
– HO730 (combination of Ethernet and USB with integrated
web server)
All HMO series instruments are prepared for mixed-signal
operation and have the appropriate connectors on the front
panel. Connecting an 8-channel logic probe HO3508 equips the
Subject to change without notice
9
I n t r o d u c t i o n scope with 8 logic channels. Further options are the passive
500 MHz Slimline 10:1 probes of the type HZ355, passive 1000:1
probes with up to 4000 V of the type HZO20, active 10:1 probes
with <1 pF input capacity of the type HZO30, active difference
amplifier probes HZ100, HZ109 and HZ115 with up to 1000 Vrms
and 40 MHz, the current probes HZO50 and HZO51 with up to
100 kHz bandwidth and up to 1000 A, the 19“ rack-mount set
HZO91 and the type HZO90 transport bag for the protection
of the instruments.
The options HOO10/11 make the analysis of serial protocols
available, more informations you can find in chapter 2.10
2.6 General concept of instrument operation
HAMEG oscilloscopes are renowned for easy operation, based
on a few basic principles which repeat with the diverse settings
and functions.
– Such keys which do not open a soft menu (e.g. quickview)
switch a function on, pushing the key again will switch the
function off.
– Such keys which call a specific function (e.g. FFT) which
in turn can call or require more settings will activate the
function upon the first touch. Pushing the key a second time
will call the soft menu (sub menu) for the settings. Pushing
the key a third time will deactivate the function.
– Such keys which open a soft menu upon the first touch will
close it upon pushing a second time.
– The universal knob is used in the diverse menus either for
selecting numbers or submenus and to enter values by
pushing. The universal knob in cursor measurement is used
for selecting and moving the cursor.
– The key Menu OFF below the soft menu keys closes the
present menu or it switches to the next higher level.
– If a channel is deactivated, pushing the respective channel
key will switch it on. If a channel was already activated
earlier, selecting another channel will change operation
to the channel whose key was pushed (its LED lights up). If
a channel is already selected, pushing its lighted key will
deactivate the channel and select the next channel according
to this sequence: CH1 > CH2 > CH3 > CH4.
– The COARSE/FINE key is used to switch betwen coarse and
fine resolution of the universal knob. If the key is ligt up
white, the FINE resolution is active.
In the Fig. 2.8 there are two basic soft menu elements for choosing
something are shown. To select from the first three you just need
to press the soft key beside and the element is active (shown as
blue color). A second kind of selecting is shown on the lower two
menu entries. Pressing the respective soft key toggles between
the two choices, again the active selection is marked blue.
The menus are used as shown in Fig. 2.9 if they concern functions which have either to be switched on or where values have
to set. The choice is between OFF and the value presented. The
round arrow in the right corner of the menu window points to
the universal knob which is to be used for selecting the value.
If there is a lower menu level, this will be indicated by a small
triangle in the right lower corner of the respective menu point.
If there are further pages on the same level, the lowest menu
point will be used for navigation. It shows the number of menu
pages on this level as well as the activated number of pages.
Pushing the respective soft menu key will advance by one page,
after the last page the first one will follow.
2.7 Basic settings and integrated help
Basic settings like language for user interface and help, miscellaneous settings and interface settings can be set using
the menu which opens after pressing the SETUP key in the
GENERAL area of the control panel.
Fig. 2.10: Menu for basic settings
The following describes some frequently used navigation elements in the soft menus.
On the first page you can set the user interface and help
language by pressing the soft key LANGUAGE and select German or English.
The soft key beside MISC opens a menu with the following
selections:
– MENU OFF (choose manual or automatic with time limit of
4s up to 30 s for closing soft menus)
– TIME REFERENCE (position for reference of the trigger time,
choose from –5/DIV up to +5/DIV, 0/DIV is in the middle of
the screen and set as standard)
– DATE & TIME (opens menu to set date and time)
– SOUND (opens menu to set any combination of beep for
control, error and/or trigger)
– DEVICE NAME (menu to set a name for the HMO2524, maximum of 19 characters are allowed, the name will appear
in Screenshot‘s)
– HAMEG LOGO IN SCREENSHOT (here you can setup, whether
the HAMEG logo will be inserted into the screenshot or not.)
Fig. 2.8: Selection of basic soft
menu elements
10
Subject to change without notice
Fig. 2.9: Basic soft menu
elements for settings and
navigation
The next menu entry INTERFACE lets you select the interface
you are using (USB and RS-232 are standard) and possible
settings for that interface.
I n t r o d u c t i o n
The menu item PRINTER contains settings for POSTSCRIPT
printers. Pushing this softkey will open a submenu in which you
can select the paper format and the colour mode. If you choose
the top menu item PAPER FORMAT with the associated soft
menu key, a window will open which offers the selection of A4,
A5, B5, B6, and Executive. Use the universal knob to select the
desired format which will then be indicated on the soft menu key.
The next lower menu item COLOR MODE allows the selection of
the modes Greyscale, Color, and Inverted following the same procedure. The Greyscale mode converts a color display to a greyscale
display which can be printed on a Black-and-White Postscript
printer. The Color Mode will print the display in colour as it is shown
on the screen (black background). In the Inverted Mode the color
display will be printed in colour with a white background on a color
Postscript printer in order to save toner and ink.
The last menu DEVICE INFORMATION open a window with all
informations about hard- and softwarestatus of your HMO.
You should have these information on hand whenever you have
questions about your HMO.
At the second page of the basic menu you find the menu for
firmware and help update, which is explained in detail in the next
chapter. The last menu item is the PROBE ADJUST. Pressing
the soft key leads you to the menu where you can set whether
the probe adjust output generates a rectangular signal with
1 kHz or 1 MHz frequency. There is a setting AUTOMATIC which
means, that for time base settings up to and including 50 µs/
DIV the probe adjust output is 1 MHz, from 100 µs/DIV on it is
switched to 1 kHz.
select the operational mode for the bus signal source. For each
mode a picture with the corresponding pattern of signals on
the contacts is displayed. Pressing a soft menu key will open a
submenu for choosing the speed of the mode selected.
The square wave signal for probe compensation is available with
1 kHz for the low frequency compensation and with 1 MHz for
the high frequency compensation, also AUTOMATIC (standard
setting) may be selected. In the automatic mode, the output will
provide 1 kHz at sweep speeds from 100 µs/div, at faster sweep
speeds 1 MHz will be available.
These signals allow to learn and check the settings for the
parallel and optional serial bus analysis.
2.9 Updates for the instrument settings and interface firmware and the help functions
The HMO series is being improved continuously. You are invited
to download the most recent firmware under www.hameg.com.
Firmware and help are packed into one ZIP data packet. After
downloading the ZIP data unpack it into an USB stick’s basic
directory. Thereupon insert the stick into the USB port of the
oscilloscope and push the key SETUP in the GENERAL area of
the front panel. Choose page 2 in the menu, if this has not been
opened already. Here you shall find the menu item UPDATE. After selecting this menu item a window will open which displays
the actual firmware version indicating the version number, the
date and build information.
The integrated help function can be activated by pressing the
key HELP in the GENERAL area of the control panel. A window
will open and the text inside is dynamically updated depending
on the key (including softmenu key’s) you are pushing or the
knob you are turning. If you do not need the help anymore, you
can switch off the help window by pushing the HELP-key. The
backlight of the key and the text window will be switched off.
2.8 Bus Signal Source
The HMO series features 4 contacts left of the channel 1 which
provide the following signals according to the respective settings:
– Square wave signal for probe compensation (standard setting), frequency 1 kHz or 1 MHz.
– SPI signal, data rates 100 kbits/s, 250 kbits/s or 1 Mbits/s
– I2C signal, data rates 100 kbits/s, 400 kbits/s or 1 Mbits/s
– UART signal, data rates 9600 bits/s, 115.2 kbits/s or 1 Mbits/s
– parallel stochastic bit pattern, frequency 1 kHz or 1 MHz
– parallel counter signal, frequency 1 kHz or 1 MHz
The contact at the top left is always ground, the signal levels are
around 1 V. The following table shows the use of the 4 outputs
S1, S2, S3 and (square wave) corresponding to the signal.
Signal
Square
wave
SPI
I2C
UART
Pattern
Counter
S1
S2
S3
no signal
no signal
no signal
Chip select
low active
no signal
no signal
bit 0
bit 0
clock,
rising edge
clock SCL
no signal
bit 1
bit 1
data,
high active
data SDA
data
bit 2
bit 2
Square wave
no signal
no signal
no signal
bit 3
bit 3
Press the key SETUP in the general area of the front panel for
entry into the bus signal source menu, select the page 2 and
press the soft menu key next to PROBE COMP. Now you can
Fig: 2.11: Updating menu and information window
Now choose which to update: the firmware or the help function.
If both are to be updated it is recommended to first update the
firmware. After you selected firmware updating by pushing
the appropriate key the respective date will be searched on
the stick, the information of the firmware to be updated from
the stick will be displayed below the line NEW. In case the new
firmware should be identical to the existing one, the number
of the version will be shown in red, otherwise it will be shown
in green; only then should you activate the updating by pushing
the soft key EXECUTE. If you intend to update the help function
or add a help language choose HELP in the updating menu.
The information window will now display the languages installed,
the date, and the information about the languages available on
the stick. With the soft menu, languages may be added, removed
or updated. Please note the format of the date:YYYY-MM-DD
according to the multi language norm of ISO 8601.
Subject to change without notice
11
I n t r o d u c t i o n to „Manual key input“. This will open an input window, use the
universal knob and the ENTER-key to input the licence key.
Fig: 2.12: Updating menu and information window
2.10 Upgrade with software options
Fig. 2.14: Manual licence key input.
The HMO may be upgraded with options which will become
accessible after inputting a licence key.
At this time, the options HOO10/HOO11 is available. The HOO10
allows triggering and decoding of the serial buses I2C, SPI,
UART/RS-232 on the digital channels (with option HO3508)
and or the analog channel. The HOO11 can only use the analog
channel.
The licence key will be sent to you by email as an appended data
file (name: SERIAL NUMBER.hlk). This file is an ASCII file and
may be opened with an editor, then the true key can be read.
After inputting of the complete key please press the soft
menu key next to ACCEPT in order to input the key into the
system. The option will be activated after a fresh start of the
instrument.
2.11 Self Alignment
The HMO72x...202x series has an internal self alignment in order
to achieve highest accuracy possible. During the self alignment
procedure the HMO adjust vertical accuracy, offset, timebase
and triggerand save the determined correction values internally.
The scope must have achieved operating temperature (switched on for at least 20 min) and all inputs
must be without connection, which means all cable
and probes must be removed from the inputs.
In order to start the self alignment please press SETUP, go
to page 2 and press the softmenubutton SELFALIGNMENT. In
the opening menu press START. The procedure will running
for about 5-10 minutes in which the steps and progress is displayed using bars. After successful self alignment you will see
a information like you can see in figure 2.15 . To leave the self
alignment, please press EXIT. You can end the running process
with the ABORT button, however this should only be done if, f.e.
you have forgotten to remove all probes from the inputs. In any
case there should be one self alignment completed.
Fig. 2.13: „UPGRADE“ menu.
There are two methods for employing the key to use the desired
option: the automatic or the manual input.
The fastest and simplest method is the automatic input: first
store the file on an USB memory stick, then install the stick
into the front panel FRONT USB port of your HMO and press the
key SETUP in the „General“ area of the HMO front panel. The
SETUP menu will open. Select page 2 by pressing the respective
soft menu key, the following menu will open:
Now open the UPGRADE menu by pressing the respective soft
menu key. Then press the soft menu key next to „Read Licence
file“ which will open the data manager. Use the universal knob
to select the correct file and then press the soft menu key next
to LOAD. This will load the licence key; the option will be ready
to use immediately after a fresh start of the instrument.
The alternative method is the manual input of the licence key:
select the menu UPGRADE and press the soft menu key next
12
Subject to change without notice
Fig. 2.15: Successful self alignment.
A q u i c k i n t r o d u c t i o n
On the right hand side of the screen you will see a short menu of
channel 1, the soft keys allow you to select frequently used settings.
Press the top soft key once to change the input coupling to DC.
3 A quick introduction
The following chapter is intended to introduce you to the most
important functions and settings of your new HAMEG HMO
oscilloscope in order to allow you to use the instrument immediately. The internal calibrator signal output is used as the
signal source, so you will not need any additional instruments
for the first steps.
The actual settings are marked by underlying blue
fields, repeated pressing of the keys will alternate
between the settings.
3.1 Setting up and turning the instrument on
Fold out the feets completly so the display will be inclined
slightly upwards. (See chapter 1.2 for positioning) Plug the
power cord into the rear panel connector. The instrument will
be turned on by switching on the main power switch on the
back and pushing the key On/Off 1 on the front panel. After a
few seconds the display appears, and the oscilloscope is ready
for measurements. Now press the key AUTOSET 15 for at least
3 seconds.
3
4
6
7
9
10
12
13
15 16
A
Fig. 3.3: Screen display after changing to DC coupling
Now press the AUTOSET key 15 once shortly, after a few
seconds the oscilloscope will have automatically selected
appropriate vertical, horizontal time base and trigger settings.
You will see now a square wave signal.
8
11
5
Fig. 3.1: Control panel HMO
14
17
3.2 Connection of a probe and signal capture
Take one of the probes delivered with the instrument, detach
the protective cap from the top. Apply the compensation box to
the BNC connector of channel 1 and turn the black knob CW
until it latches positively.
Passive probes be compensated prior to first use.
Please refer to the probe manual for the proper
compensation procedure. Place the probe in the
appropriate position on the ADJ. output such that
the tip will be accepted by the hole of the right output while the ground connection is made to the left
output, as shown in Fig. 4.3 in chapter 4.
Fig. 3.4: Screen display after Autosetup
3.3 Display of signal details
With the knob 43 you can change
the displayed time window: turning
it CCW will slow the time base. The
memory depth of 2 MB per channel
allows you to capture wide time windows with high resolution. Continue
to turn the knob CCW until you read
„TB:5ms“ in the top left corner. Now
press the ZOOM key 40 .
D
37
38
37
41
42
39
43
40
Fig. 3.2: Screen display after connection of the probe
Fig. 3.1: Control panel HMO
Fig. 3.5: Area of the control panel
containing the ZOOM knob
Subject to change without notice
44
13
A q u i c k i n t r o d u c t i o n You see now a two-window display: the display will show in
the top area the complete captured signal, below an enlarged
portion. Use the time base knob to select the zoom factor and
the small knob for horizontal positioning.
3.5 Automatic measurements
In addition to cursor measurements the most important signal
parameters can be displayed. Your HAMEG oscilloscope offers
these possibilities:
– the definition of the display of 2 parameters which may come
from different sources
– a quick view of all important parameters of one source using
the Quick View function.
Please change the time base now to 100 µs/div. and press the
Quick View key 10 .
Fig. 3.6: ZOOM function
By pressing the ZOOM key 40 again the zoom mode be will be
deactivated.
3.4 Cursor measurements
Fig. 3.8: Quick View parameter measurement
After displaying the signal and its details we now proceed to
measuring it using the cursor functions. Press again shortly
AUTOSET 15 and then the CURSOR/MEASURE key 8 . Now
the cursor menu will open up, and you can select the kind of
cursor. Press the top soft key in order to open the appropriate menu. Use the knob in the CURSOR/MENU area for the
selection by turning it CCW until the V-marker is underlined,
press the universal button or wait for some seconds in order
to accept the selection. Now two cursors will be displayed
along with the signal, and the measurement results in the
right bottom area of the screen. Select the active cursor by
pushing the universal knob and position it by turning the knob.
The cursor measurement results will be displayed in the left
bottom corner of the screen. In this case the „V cursor“ has selected the voltages at the two cursor positions, their difference,
and the time difference between the positions will be shown. The
cursors will be switched off by pressing the CURSOR/MEASURE
key and the associated Cursors off soft key.
Here you see the most important parameters of a signal displayed:
– positive and negative – rise and fall times
peak voltages
– mean voltage
In the right bottom corner of the screen 4 more parameters
are shown:
– peak-to-peak voltage
– rms value
– frequency
– period
Thus by simply pressing a key you see 9 parameters at a glance
which characterize the signal. This function applies always to
the acutal active channel.
(without the overshoot). The m
8.2
Autoalso
measurements
You may
display two parameters of two different
signals.
selected channel and needs a
In order
to achieve
this deactivate
Quick View function
by
triggered signal.
The
HMO series
oscilloscopes
offer cursorthe
measurements
and
additionally
measurements.
By pushing
the 2
keyby pressing the
pressing
the automatic
key again,
then activate
channel
PEAK-TO-PEAK
AUTO
MEASURE
the following
ANALyZE section
front panel
the
11 :
CH2 key.
Openinthe
menuofbythepressing
AUTOMEASURE
menu will open.
In this mode the voltage differ
maximum values of the displa
PEAK +
In this mode the positive peak
be measured.
PEAK –
In this mode the negative pea
will be measured.
PERIOD
In this mode the duration of the
The period is defined as the tim
of a recurring signal.
Fig. 8.2: Menu for the automatic measurements settings
Fig. 3.7: Cursor measurements
14
Subject to change without notice
FREQUENCY
Fig. 3.9:
In this mode the signal frequ
Auto
Measure
reciprocal of the period. Only
menu pertains only to
measurement
+
The two parameters are displayed in the right bottomCOUNT
corner
of
In this mode the number of p
the menu
screen.
You
define
the
parameter
measurement
using
counted.
A positive pulse is d
This
offers
themay
selection
of two
auto
measurement
funcand a2falling
tions:
MEASURE
1 andswitching
MEASURE 2 on
can MEASURE
be switched 1
ONand
or OFF
this menu.
After
MEASURE
with slope. The switc
measuring
with
respective soft
menu keys.the
The associated
soft measurements
menus
the the
appropriate
softkey’s
parameter
arethe mean value of t
will open selection windows upon pushing the respective menu
key. Each window will present all available kinds of measurement
which can be selected with the universal knob. The source for
the measurements can be selected with the universal knob after
pushing the respective soft menu key. The listing of available
sources will only show the displayed channels. The results will
only in one direction will not b
COUNT –
In this mode the number of n
counted. A negative pulse is d
and a rising slope. As before,
A q u i c k i n t r o d u c t i o n
displayed in the right bottom corner of the screen. If you press
the softkey beside TYPE you can choose the parameter you want
from the list using the general knob. This procedure is used in
all menus where choices are available. Please press the key
TYPE and choose rise-time.
Fig. 3.12: Formula editor
In order to change the settings use the soft keys and the universal
knob. Here you can program and store the formulae most used.
As mentioned earlier these formulae can be quickly switched on
and off by pressing the MATH key 26 and using the appropriate
short soft menue.
Fig. 3.10: Selection of parameters
Now use soft key next to Source 2 in order to select this menu
item and thus channel 2. Now the rise-time of channel 1 and
the mean value of channel 2 are shown. After the menu has
been closed, the parameters can be identified by the colours
of the respective channels, (here yellow for channel 1 and
blue for channel 2.)
3.7 Storing data
Your HMO can store 5 different kinds of data:
– Instrument settings
– Reference signals
– Signals
– Screen displays
– Sets of formulae
Signals and screen displays can only be stored on USB sticks.
All other data can be stored either on a USB stick or in the
instrument’s non-volatile memories. In order to store data you
have to define the kind of data and the destination. First attach
a USB stick to the front panel connector. Press SAVE/RECALL
12 in order to call the respective menu.
Fig. 3.11: Measuring the parameters of two sources
3.6 Mathematical functions
In addition to cursor and parameter measurements your HMO
can also apply mathematical functions to the signals. By pressing the MATH key a short menu will open which allows you to
select one or two predefined mathematical functions. A quick
setting of mathematical functions is possible by selecting the
menu item at the bottom. This mode allows you to select the
addition or subtraction of two activated sources. The formula
editor allows to predefine 5 possible mathematical functions,
it is called by pressing the MATH key (which lights up red) and
the Menu key 21 .
Fig. 3.13: Save/Recall menu
Select the kind of data by pressing the respective soft key (in this
example Screenshots) in order to access the settings menu.
Subject to change without notice
15
A q u i c k i n t r o d u c t i o n 4 Vertical system
For the vertical settings there are
the knobs for the vertical position
and the sensitivity, an always
visible short menu and an extended menu.
B
22
18
23
19
24
25
20
26
Fig. 3.14: Menu Screenshots
Please verify that the USB connector into which you plugged
the USB stick (front or rear) is written in the top soft menue
(You can change the destination by opening the respective
menu if you press the softkey next to STORAGE). You can now
save a Screenshot if you press the softkey next to SAVE using
the predefined name written in the menu below FILE NAME.
You may name the destination memory with up to 8 characters;
in order to do this select the menu item File name and define
the name by using the universal knob (selecting a character
by turn the knob and enter by pushing the knob .
Fig. 4.1: Front panel area with
vertical system controls
21
27
By pushing the respective key the channel will be selected for
which these controls will be activated, this will be indicated by
the key lighting up in the color of the channel. Additionally, the
channel number on the screen will be framed and displayed
lighter than the channels not activated. The appropriate short
menu is always visible, the extended menu will be shown upon
pushing the key Menu 21 .
Fig. 4.2: Short menu for the vertical settings
Fig. 3.15: Defining a file name
4.1 Coupling
After the soft key next to Accept was pressed the oscilloscope
will have stored the name and return to the settings menu.
Here you can now store the actual screen display by pressing
the Store soft key. Alternatively, you can return to a lower
menu level (by pressing the lowest Menu OFF key) and select
the menu item key FILE/PRINT. In the following menu press
the soft menu key next to ScreenshotS: this will assign the
function Screen Shot to the key FILE/PRINT with the settings
chosen. This enables you to store a bit map file on your USB stick
by just pressing FILE/PRINT 17 at any time and in any menu.
The first item to be selected is the input impedance: 1MΩ or
50 Ω. (only at the HMO152x and HMO202x, the HMO72x and 102x
does not offer 50 Ω inputs)
16
Subject to change without notice
Do not connect the 50 Ω inputs to effective voltage
higher than 5 volts!
The 50 Ω input impedance should only be selected if the sig-nal
source is 50 Ω, such as a generator with a 50 Ω output where
the termination within the scope is to be used. In all other
cases 1 MΩ is to be selected. Next DC or AC coupling has to
be selected: with DC coupling all components of the signal
will be displayed, with AC coupling the DC content will be
removed, the lower bandwidth is 2 Hz. Up to 200 Vrms may be
applied directly to the vertical inputs if 1 MΩ is selected. Higher voltages can be measured with probes (up to 40 kVp). For
general applications the probes supplied with the instrument
will be used. They are specified for the 1 MΩ input. With the
HMO72x and HMO102x are the HZ154 delivered, which offer
a 10:1 / 1:1 switchable attenuation. Therefore the attenuation
LEVEL
N
LEVEL
POSITION
POSITION
CH1
V e r t i c a l s y s t e m
setting must be done manually in the channel menu. The
HMO152x and HMO202x are delivered with the HZO10 a 10:1
probe with automatic attenuation read out, which will be read
from the probe and factored in.
DIV
TIME/DIV
FINE
SELECT WINDOW
COMPONENT TESTER
(CT)
ADJ.
max.
S1 S2 S3
Bus Signal
Source
REM
CH 1
CH2
can be added to the signal. In order to switch this offset in the
XY
respective soft
key must be pushed. The settings window will MENU
CT
be backlit in blue, and the
indicator next to the RUN
general
CH3activity AUTO
SINGLE with the knob.
knob will light up; the offset
be adjusted
NORM
POD can now
STOP
VOLTS/DIV
The offset
voltage will be added to the signal at the vertical am-TIME/DIV
COARSE/FINE
SELECT WIN
plifier input offsetting it by that amount from the zero position.
The possible-K3amount
of CH4
offset depends on the Volts/div setting
62 04-1
chosen. The offset
function being activated will be indicated by
SLOPE
two channel markers on the left ofTRIG’d
the display,
also visible if the
menu was closed. One marker indicates the position, the other
TYPEis individually
SLOPE
MATHThe offset
the offset (refer to Fig. 4.4).
adjustable
MEM
for each channel.
ORY
ORY
!
SET
CLR
1.0
340
1.0
340
The passive probes must be adjusted to the inputs
to which they are connected. See the probe manual
for the adjustment procedure. The PROBE ADJUST
TRIG’doutput
SLOPE
is only usable for 1:1 and 10:1 probes, for
100:1 or 1000:1 probes special external generators
with a perfect step
have to be used. Please
MEresponse
M
use the shortest possible ground connection.
POD (7...0)
robe only!
POSITION
Each analog
channel may
also beSOURCE
shifted in FILTER
time by ±15 ns. This ACQUIRE
REF
MENU
BUS
adjustment is selected in
the same menu and according to the
same method as the DC offset; it is used for compensating for
the different signal delays of voltage and current probes and
different cable
CH 2 lengths.
CH 3
CH 4
50 Ω
5 V rms
1 MΩ II 14 pF
max.
200 Vp
1 MΩ II 14 pF
max.
200 Vp
4.3 Bandwidth Limit and Signal Inversion
10 Vp
Fig. 4.3: Correct connection of the probe to
the probe adjust output
The coupling is selected in the short menu: by just pushing the
appropriate key the coupling is chosen, also the signal may be
inverted. The menu is valid for the activated channel as indicated
by the channel key light up. The channel number will be shown
in the top of the menu. By pushing the respective key of another
channel the menu will transfer to this channel.
4.2 Sensitivity, Y-Positioning, and Offset
The sensitivity of the analog inputs can be selected with the large
knob in the VERTICAL section of the front panel in 1-2-5 steps
from 1 mV/div to the respective maximal setting independent of
the 50 Ω (only available at the HMO152x and HMO202x) or 1 MΩ
selection. The knob is associated with the channel selected by
pushing the respective key. The sensitivity can be changed to
continuous control by pushing the knob once. The smaller one
of the knobs is used for vertical positioning.
An analog 20 MHz low pass can be inserted in the signal path
! menu. This will eliminate all
in either the short or extended
higher frequency interference. The filter is activated in the
short menu by pushing the respective soft key; the information
field will be backlit in blue, BW will be displayed in the channel
information window.
Signal inversion is available in the short and the extended menus. If it is activated the information field will be backlit in blue,
and there will be a bar above the channel number.
4.4 Probe attenuation selection
The HZO10 or optinal HZ355 probes are recognized by the instrument which automatically selects the appropriate factor.
If any other probe without automatic recognition of the attenuation ratio or just a cable is connected to the instrument, the
attenuation factor can be set manually in the extended menu.
This is possible for x 1, x 10, x 100 x 1000 or as defined by the
user from x 0.001 to x 1000.
In addition you can select the unit Ampere in case you are using
a current probe or measure current via a shunt. If you select
A the menu shows the most common factors (1V/A, 100mV/A,
10mV/A, 1mV/A). Again you can also select any value between
defined by the user. Doing so the measurements are always
displayed with the correct unit and scale.
4.5 Level setting
In this menu a level can be set. This level define the treshold
for detecting a High or a Low if the analog channel are used as
source for the serial bus analysis. After choosing the softmenu,
the level can be set by turning the universal knob.
4.6 Name a channel
Fig. 4.4: Vertical offset in the extended menu
By pushing the Menu key the extended menu is called. On
page 2 of this menu at the HMO152x and HMO202x a dc offset
The last entry at page 2 of the channel menu open a submenu in
order to allocate a name for a channel. This name will be shown
at the display and at a print out. First of all you can switch on
or off the display of the name. Below that softmenu button you
find the soft button LIBRARY. After selecting this button you
can choose a name from several different suggestions using
the universal knob. After pushing NAME you can edit the preSubject to change without notice
17
V e r t i c a l s y s t e m choosen name or enter a complete new name using up to 8
characters. This will be done by selecting the character from
the virtual keypad using turning the universal knob and selecting by pushing the knob. Pushing the ACCEPT button switch
on the name display on the right side of the grid. The name is
fixed to the channel and will move over the screen whenever
the channel will be moved.
5 Horizontal System (Time Base)
As well as time base settings, the horizontal system comprises
the selection of the trigger position, the zoom functions and the
available modes of signal capture and the control for the marker
function. The knobs are used for the adjustment of the time
base speed and the trigger position. The signal capture modes
are selected in the respective menus. There is a key provided
for activating the zoom function.
5.1 Capturing modes RUN and STOP
The capturing modes can be selected with the key RUN/STOP.
In RUN mode signals will be continuously captured; depending
on the trigger conditions selected, and displayed, erasing the
previously captured ones. If it is desired to store and further
analyze a signal and to prevent it being overwritten, capture
must be stopped by pushing the RUN/STOP key. While in STOP
mode capture is disabled and the key will light up red.
5.2 Time base adjustments
Fig. 4.5: Threshold setting and name allocation
The large knob in the HorizonD
tal section of the control panel
37
is used for the selection of the
time base speed. The time base
38
41
speed is displayed in the upper
37
left hand corner above the gra42
ticule. (e.g. „TB:500 ns“) To the
39
right there is the display of the
trigger time position with respect to the normal position. The
43
normal trigger position is in the
center of the graticule such that
40
50 % of the signal display is before and 50 % is after this trigger
44
position. The X Position knob
allows continuous adjustment Fig. 5.1: Control panel of the
of the X position. The available horizontal system
maximum values depend on the
time base setting. By pushing the key SET/CLR the value will
37 allow
be reset to its reference position. The arrow keys
you to change the X position by a fixed amount of 5 divisions
in the respective direction. If marker function is chosen the
arrow keys together with the SET/CLR button are used to
navigate through and set/clear marker. The key menu opens
a menu which allows you to set the X position to its minimum
and maximum positions or chose the marker function by just
a key touch. In addition, there is a submenu NUMER.INPUT
which allows entry of an arbitrary X position.
5.3 Capture modes
The capture modes are selected by pushing the key ACQUIRE,
this opens a display menu which offers the 5 basic modes of
capture:
– Normal:
In this mode the signals are captured and displayed.
– Roll:
This is a mode especially useful for very slow signals: the
signal „rolls“ slowly untriggered from right to left over the
screen (signals must be slower than 200 kHz).
18
Subject to change without notice
H o r i z o n t a l s y s t e m
– Envelope:
In this mode the signal will be displayed as in Normal, but
its minimum and maximum excursions will also be displayed such that, with time, an envelope of the signal will be
displayed.
– Average:
Functions only with repetitive signals. The universal knob in
the Cursor/Menu section of the front panel is used to set
the number of signal periods for averaging, this is possible
in powers of 2 from 2 to 256.
Please note: Averaging reduces the bandwidth.
– Filter:
This mode activate a low pass filter with user definable cut
off frequency in order to suppress high frequency content.
The cut off frequency depends on the sampling frequency.
The lowest possible setting is 1/100 of the sampling frequency and the highest possible is 1/4 of the sampling frequency.
The setting is done by turning the universal knob.
The last menu INTERPOLATION allow the selection of Sinx/x,
linear or Sample-Hold as interpolation type for displaying the
aquired data points. Standard setting is Sinx/x. At the linear
interpolation there is a straight line used to connect the points.
Using sample-hold type of interpolation allow the exact examination of the position of the the aquired data points within
the signal.
5.4 ZOOM function
The HMO oscilloscope features a memory depth of 1 MB per
channel, this allows you to record long complex signals which
can be analyzed in detail with the ZOOM function. Push the ZOOM
key to activate this function. The screen will be partitioned into
two graticule areas: the top one displays the whole time base
window; the lower one displays the zoomed portion of it. The
zoomed portion will be indicated in the upper display by two
blue cursors. With multi channel displays all channels will be
zoomed by the same factor and on the same portion.
The second menu page is accessed by pushing the soft key
next to the menu „Page 1I2“, here, extended functions are
available:
– RANDOM SAMPL:
For very fast signals displayed with the fastest sweep
speeds it can be advantageous to switch the instrument
to Random Sampling mode; in this mode very many signal
periods are used to generate a high resolution picture,
provided the signal does not change its shape. This is
equivalent to a sampling rate of max. 25 GSa/s. The oscilloscope will not automatically enter this mode, however,
it is possible to select automatic switching to Random
sampling >20 ns/div..The mode can be disabled by pushing
the soft key.
– PEAK DETECT:
At very slow sweep speeds fast signal details will not be
visible. By selecting this mode peaks will be detected. This
function can be switched on or off in the menu, it is also
possible to select automatic switching in.
– HI RES:
This modes extend the vertical resolution to 10 Bit max.
This is done by an boxcar averaging, which average adjacent sample points of an aquisition. The advantage is, that
there is a higher vertical resolution, the downside is, that
the bandwidth is reduced. This function can be switched on
or off in the menu, it is also possible to select automatic
switching in.
All the preceding functions are normally off. The lowest item in
the soft menu allows you to select the preferred signal capturing
repetition rate, there are 3 options:
– MAX. REP RATE:
In this mode an optimum combination of sampling rate and
memory length used will be selected automatically such that
the signal capturing rate will be maximized.
– MAX. SAMPL. RATE:
In this mode the maximum possible sampling rate will be
used.
– AUTOMATIC:
This mode is the standard mode: the instrument always
selects the optimum combination of capturing and sampling
rates (full memory length used).
Fig. 5.2: Zoom function
In Fig. 5.2 a signal was recorded for 12 ms, the zoom window
is shown with a time scale of 100 µs/div. The time base speed
display in the left upper corner is shown with a grey background,
the zoom time base display is shown in white. This means
that the large knob in the horizontal menu is now available
for changing the zoom factor. This knob also features a push
contact; if the knob is pushed, the time base display will change
to white, and the zoom time base display to grey: now the knob
is available for changing the time base setting. This allows you
to change time base settings without leaving the zoom mode.
By pressing the knob again, the cursors limiting the zoom area
will be shown pronounced in white, now the knob will also allow
to change the zoom area. The position of the zoomed area can
now be shifted with the small knob in the horizontal area of the
front panel over the whole signal. If pushing the large knob as
described above would influence the time base setting and not
the zoom factor, the small knob regains the function of shifting
the trigger position so the relationship of pre to post trigger
record can be changed.
5.5 Marker function
In order to access the marker function, press the key MENU in
the HORIZONTAL area of the front panel, then select the soft
menu TIME MARKER. If this mode is activated, a time marker
may be set by pressing the SET/CLR key at the 6th unit of time
(if the menu is deactivated this will be the center of the gratiSubject to change without notice
19
H o r i z o n t a l s y s t e m cule). The markers are identified by a grey-blue vertical line.
Now the curve can be shifted with the position control knob, the
marker set will go along. If another interesting point is found,
another marker may be set after the point has been shifted to
the graticule center. By this method up to 8 interesting points
of a curve may be marked. By pressing one of the arrow buttons
the next marker left or right of the center will be shifted to the
center. In order to erase a marker, shift it to the center and
press the key SET/CLR anew. After pressing the key MENU in
the HORIZONTAL area of the front panel all markers can be
erased by pressing the respective soft menu key.
6 Trigger System
The trigger system of the HMO is
easy to handle by just observing
the HAMEG concept of instrument
operation.
By centering the markers with the arrow buttons a comparison
of signal portions marked in the ZOOM mode is possible, simply
and very fast.
Fig. 6.1: Front panel control area of the
trigger system
C
28
29
33
30
34
31
35
32
36
There are 4 keys destined for frequently used functions:
– TYPE: selects the type of trigger: Slope, Pulse, Logic,
Video, the B-Trigger or the (optional) Serial BUS
– SLOPE: selects the slope polarity. (rising, falling or both)
– SOURCE: opens the menu for the selection of the trigger
source.
– FILTER: opens the menu for the selected trigger type in
order to select the exact trigger conditions.
Fig. 5.3: Marker in zoom mode
Additional keys are provided for the selection of the trigger
modes: (AUTO. NORMAL, SINGLE).
6.1 Trigger modes Auto, Normal, Single
The basic trigger modes are directly selectable with the key
AUTO NORM. In AUTO mode the key will not be lit. If the key is
pushed it will light up red indicating NORMAL mode.
The oscilloscope always presents a signal in AUTO mode and
a signal will automatically yield a stable display if it fulfills the
trigger conditions.
In NORMAL mode the signal will be displayed if it fulfills the
trigger conditions, if it fails to do so the last stable triggered
display will remain on the screen.
If it is desired to record a signal which fulfills the trigger
conditions only once, the key SINGLE must be pushed, it will
Fig. 6.2: Coupling modes with slope trigger
20
Subject to change without notice
T r i g g e r s y s t e m
light up white. This indicates that the single trigger mode
is active, the RUN/STOP key will blink. The next return of
the signal will cause a single capture, the oscilloscope then
goes into the STOP mode, indicated by the RUN/STOP key
lighting up in red.
6.2 Trigger sources
Trigger sources are the 2 or 4 analog channels and the external trigger input. If the optional logic probe HO3508 with 8
or 16 logic channels is connected, also those up to 16 digital
channels can serve as trigger sources.
6.3 Slope trigger
The simplest and most used trigger type is slope trigger, this
one is also selected in the AUTOSETUP function. Pushing the
AUTOSETUP key will hence change any previously selected
trigger type to slope trigger. For the selection of the trigger
type push the key TYPE in the trigger control section of the front
panel. A menu will open and offer the options. If the type SLOPE
was not selected (blue background) pushing the respective soft
key will change to slope. The SLOPE key is also used to step
through the options rising, falling, or both slopes. In the center
of the status line top center above the graticule the type selected
will be shown. If the key FILTER is pushed, the respective menu
will open and offer the available options.
Here the trigger signal coupling can be selected:
DC: The trigger signal is used with its dc content.
AC:
The trigger signal is routed via a 5 Hz high pass filter.
HF:
The trigger signal is routed via a 15 kHz high pass filter.
The trigger level is no longer adjustable. This mode
should only be used with very high frequency signals.
The slope trigger can be coupled with a so called „B Trigger“.
This option is available after pushing TYPE. This function allows
you to adjust the trigger such that first condition „A“ must be met
and then another condition „B“ before the trigger will respond
(refer to Fig. 6.3).
E.g. it is possible to define a source (channel) and a level of
120 mV on the rising slope of that signal and for the second
condition a level of 80 mV on the falling slope. Additionally, it is
possible to define whether the B event should occur a time (min.
8 ns) or a number (min. 1) of times after the A event. The level or
time or the number of events can be entered numerically with
the universal knob or in a submenu. In order to do this first select
the setting, then push the soft key next to NUMERIC INPUT. In
the window which will open, you can enter numbers and units
with the combination of universal knob, the CURSOR SELECT
key and the visible softmenu functions.
6.4 Pulse trigger
The pulse trigger allows you to trigger on finite pulse widths of
positive or negative pulses, or ranges thereof. Select the pulse
trigger by pushing the key TYPE and the respective soft key
next to PULSE. Further settings are available in the soft menu
after pushing FILTER.
There are 6 options:
ti ≠ t: The pulse width ti is unequal to the reference width t.
ti = t: The pulse width ti is equal to the reference width t.
ti < t: The pulse width ti is smaller than the reference width t.
ti > t: The pulse width ti is greater than the reference width t.
t1<ti<t2: The pulse width ti, is smaller than the reference width
t2 and greater than the reference width t1.
not(t1<ti<t2): The pulse width ti, is greater than the reference
width t2 and smaller than the reference width t1.
The coupling modes low pass and noise reduction can not be
simultaneously selected, but they can be used with DC or AC
coupling.
First select the desired option and then adjust the desired reference time. If you choose „ti ≠ t“ od „ti = t“, you can select the
reference time after pushing the soft key next to TIME by turning
the universal knob. If you choose the soft menu item DEVIATION
the universal knob is used to define a tolerance interval. If you
chose ti < t or ti > t, you can only define one limit. Both options
with two references (t1 and t2) can be set due to pressing the respective soft key and turning the universal knob. All these settings
can be combined with positive or negative pulses by selecting
the respective soft menu keys. With positive pulses the width is
defined from the rising to the falling slopes, with negative pulses
from the falling to the rising slopes. Triggering will then be on the
second slope of the pulse.
Fig. 6.3: The type B-Trigger
Fig. 6.4: Pulse trigger menu
LOW PASS: The trigger signal is routed via a 5 kHz low pass
filter.
NOISE RED.: The trigger signal is routed via a 100 MHz low
pass filter removing higher frequency interference. This
is automatically set for all vertcal gain settings <5mV/div.
Subject to change without notice
21
T r i g g e r s y s t e m 6.5 Video trigger
The video trigger allows you to trigger on PAL, NTSC, SECAM
standard video signals or on HDTV Signals. Select this mode
by pushing the key TYPE in the trigger control section of the
front panel. The source is again selected after pushing the key
SOURCE. In the menu which opens after pushing the key FILTER
all further settings may be performed.
First select the standard pushing the respective soft key STANDARD. Using the universal knob or pushing the soft key again
the standard is chosen. As usual the selection will be indicated
by a blue background in the menu. The second setting will apply
to the polarity of the sync pulses. Next either the mode LINE
or FRAME can be selected. If LINE was selected, the precise
number of a desired line can be selected with the universal knob
from the 8th to the 623rd; this will be activated by pushing the
soft key next to the line number. The two other menu items allow
fast selections: LINE MIN sets the trigger line to the minimum
value, ALL LINES will cause triggering on any line. If FRAME
was chosen, the lower menu items will allow to trigger on ALL,
only the ODD or only the EVEN half frames.
The following modes are available:
PAL
NTSC
SECAM
PAL-M
SDTV 576i HDTV 720p HDTV 1080p HDTV 1080i Interlaced
Progressive
Progressive
Interlaced
7 Display of signals
The following chapter describes the selection and display of
signals from various sources and the available display modes.
7.1 Display settings
The HMO features a high quality TFT – VGA (640 x 480 pixel resolution) display with LED backlighting. The basic settings will
become accessible in the menus which will open after pushing
the key DISPLAY in the GENERAL section of the front panel. If
the menu item SCROLL MODE is activated, a rolling bar will
appear to the right of the graticule; a virtual display window of
20 divisions will become available which can be shifted up and
down with the universal knob. A detailed description will follow
in the next chapter.
There are 3 more menu items on the first page:
DOTS ONLY:
The respective soft menu key will toggle between ON and OFF. If
ON is activated, only the captured samples will be shown as dots.
If OFF is activated, interpolated points will be shown as well.
INVERSE LIGHT:
The respective soft menu key will toggle between ON and OFF.
If ON is activated, those display points will be shown darker
which appear most frequently. If OFF is activated, they will be
shown brighter.
FALSE COLOURS:
The respective soft menu key will toggle between ON and OFF.
If ON is activated, the color of the display points are shown
from blue over magenta, red and yellow up to white with growing number of appearing points. If OFF is activated, the most
frequently appearing ones will be shown brighter and the rarer
ones darker. If you enter page 2 of the menu, you will have three
additional choices.
GRATICULE:
If this menu item is selected, the submenu which opens up will
allow you to choose:
– LINES:
The graticule is divided into horizontal and vertical divisions.
– CENTER CROSS:
– There will be just one center vertical line and one center
horizontal line; the divisions will be marked by dots.
– OFF: The screen will be empty.
Fig. 6.5: Video trigger menu
INFO WINDOW:
If this menu item is selected, a submenu will open up which
allows change of the transparency of the info windows (e.g.
for showing changes of the offset) from 0 to 100 %. This is done
with the universal knob. The info windows of the POSITION
and the CURVE INTENSITIES may be switched on or off if their
respective menus are chosen.
AUX. CURSORS:
Pushing the respective soft menu key will open a submenu
which allows you to switch the auxiliary cursors for the trigger
level, the trigger time and the channel cursors on or off.
7.2 Use of the virtual screen area
The HMO graticule has 8 vertical divisions but there is a virtual range of 20 divisions. These may be used by the 8 digital
22
Subject to change without notice
D i s p l a y o f s i g n a l s
channels D0 to D7, the math functions and the references.
The analog channels can only use up to ±5 divisions from
the center.
the lowest menu item toggles between High and LOW of the
LED’s of all backlit keys and all other LED displays on the
front panel.
After selecting the menu items Persistence and Adjust
the persistence function can be defined: there are 3 choices
for the duration of the persistence: OFF, AUTOMATIC and
MANUAL. In MANUAL operation, the duration can be changed
with the universal knob from 50 ms to infinity. If a finite time
was selected, the signal periods will be written on top of each
other such that the brightness will diminish from recent to
oldest. If e.g. 300 ms is selected, the signal curves will become darker in 50ms steps and erased after 300 ms. In this
soft menu the function BACKGROUND may be activated in
addition: then all signal curves ever displayed will be shown
in the darkest colour.
Fig. 7.1: Drawing of the virtual screen area and an example
The picture above explains the function of the virtual screen. The
visible 8 divisions are shown in grey; this is the area available
for analog signals. To the right of the graticule there is a small
bar which indicates the position of the visible 8 divisions within
the possible 20 divisions. By pushing the key SCROLL BAR the
bar will be activated indicated by its color changing to blue; now
turning the universal knob will shift the visible 8 divisions (grey
area) within the available 20 divisions. This allows a simple and
clear display of many individual signal portions.
7.3 Signal intensity and persistence functions
In the standard mode, the key INTENS/PERSIST will light up
white: the intensity of the signal display can be changed with
the universal knob from 0 to 100 %. The persistence mode may
be selected for the display of varying signals: this is a storage
mode such that several curves may be written to remain on
the screen. Also the so called „Variable Persistence“ may be
selected: in this mode the persistence can be changed from
50 ms to infinity; this will cause the most recent portion of the
signal to appear bright while the preceeding portions will fade
in proportion to the time elapsed. This mode can be selected in
the soft menu which will open upon pushing the key INTENS/
PERSIST; the signal intensity can be changed also in this menu.
Fig. 7.3: Persistence function
This kind of display is for example very useful for the analysis
of extreme values of different signals.
7.4 XY display
The HMO has a key for directly switching to the XY function.
In this mode, two signals will be displayed, one in Y, one in X
direction. The usual time base will be replaced by the amplitudes of the second signal. With harmonically related signals
the resulting curves are called Lissajous patterns; from such
displays the frequency and phase relationships of the signals
may be derived. The XY function will be activated by pushing the
XY key in the VERTICAL section of the front panel; the key will
Fig. 7.2: Menu for setting the signal display intensities
Two more menu items are available: GRID and BACKLIGHT by
pushing the respective soft menu keys; the intensities can be
changed with the universal knob. The soft menu key next to
Fig. 7.4: Settings in the X–Y menu
Subject to change without notice
23
D i s p l a y o f s i g n a l s light up, and the screen will be partitioned in a large and some
small display fields: the large display will show the XY presentation, the small fields will show the sources of the X, the Y1, Y2
and Z signals; those signals will be displayed vs. time as usual.
It is possible to define two signals as the Y signal and display
this vs. the X signal in order to perform a comparison. In order
to define which signal should be X, Y1, Y2 or Z, it is necessary
to call the menu by a pushing the XY key a second time. In this
menu the desired settings may be performed.
In order to select the Z input setting please push the soft menu
key next to the menu item Z SETTINGS, this will open the next
menu level. The Z input allows control of the intensity of the X-Y
curve. This intensity may be either set to a desired level or it
may be dynamically modulated by the amplitudes at the Z input.
8 Measurements
There are two different kinds of measurements on signals: cursor measurements and automatic measurements. All results
are stored in a buffer memory which is larger than the display
memory. The QuickView mode delivers all available parameters
of a signal curve. The integrated hardware counter shows the
count results on the selected channel.
8.1 Cursor measurements
The most frequently used measurement method with an oscilloscope is the cursor measurement. The HAMEG concept is
oriented towards the expected results and thus provides not only
one or two but in some modes, three cursors. Cursor measurements are controlled by the keys: CURSOR MEASURE and the
universal knob. The kind of measurement can be defined in the
menu which will open upon pushing the key CURSOR MEASURE.
Fig. 7.5: Settings for the Z input
In this menu you can first activate the Z input (top menu item ON
or OFF, the activated mode will be backlit in blue). In the next
menu item all channels are offered as inputs, the selection is
performed with the universal knob and activated by pushing
the respective menu key next to SOURCE Z. The following menu
item allows you to define the intensity setting. The menu key
will toggle between Modulation and On/Off. If Modulation
is selected, the XY signal will be intensity modulated by the
amplitude at the Z input. The intensity will be proportional
to the Z input signal amplitude. If On/Off is selected, all XY
points below a certain level at the Z input will be shown dark,
and all above this level will be bright. The level can be set with
the universal knob after pushing the respective soft menu key.
Pushing the XY key in the VERTICAL section of the front panel
again will terminate the XY function if it was active. If no or
another menu should be active, it will be necessary to push the
XY key twice for terminating the function.
Fig. 8.1: Cursor measurements selection menu
As shown above, the selection of the kind of measurement can
be done by pushing the respective soft menu key and selecting
the kind of cursor measurement with the universal knob. The
results will be displayed below the graticule. In order to move a
cursor, select the desired cursor by pushing the universal knob
and position the cursor with the universal knob. The kinds of
measurements are:
VOLTAGE
This mode provides 2 cursors in order to measure 3 different
voltages. The values V1 and V2 represent the voltages differences
between the zero base line and the actual positions of the two
cursors on the selected signal curve. ΔV represents the voltage
difference between the cursors.
TIME
This mode provides 2 cursors in order to measure 3 different
times and an equivalent frequency. The values t1 and t2 represent
the times between the trigger and the position of the cursors. Δt
represents the time between the cursors.
RATIO X
This mode provides 3 cursors in order to measure ratios in X
direction (e.g. a duty cycle) between the first and the second and
between the first and the third cursors. The values will be presented in 4 different formats: floating point, percent, degrees, radians.
24
Subject to change without notice
M e a s u r e m e n t s
RATIO Y
This mode provides 3 cursors in order to measure ratios in
Y direction (e.g. an overshoot) between the first and the second
and between the first and the third cursors. The results will be
presented in 2 formats: floating point, percent.
COUNT
This mode provides 3 cursors in order to count signal crossings
of a level which can be set with the third cursor for a time span
as defined by the distance between the first and the second
cursors. The result will be presented in 4 different versions:
number of rising and falling level crossings, number of positive
and negative pulses.
PEAK LEVELS
This mode provides 2 cursors in order to measure the minimum
and maximum values of a signal within the time span as defined
by the two cursors. The values Vp- and Vp+ represent the minimum and maximum values of the voltage. The peak-to-peak
value (Vpp) is equal to the difference between the minimum and
maximum values.
At the cursor menu there is a item GLUE TO. This mode can be
turned on or off. If activated, the cursors will „glue to“ the signal, i.e.
they will automatically follow all changes of the position and scaling
controls and also deliver new measurement results. If this mode is
deactivated, the cursors will remain in their positions irrespective
of any repositioning or rescaling of the signals.
Pushing again the button CURSOR MEASURE switch off al
cursors.
8.2 Auto measurements
8.2
The HMO series oscilloscopes offer cursor measurements
and additionally automatic measurements. By pushing the key
ANALYZE section of the front panel the
AUTO MEASURE in the ANALyZE
menu will open.
PEA
In t
will
Duty cycle
This mode provides three cursors in order to calculate the duty
cycle of the signal between the two horizontal cursors. The
third vertical cursor will set the level at which the duty cycle
is determined.
Rise-time 80%
This mode provides 2 cursors in order to measure the rise and
fall times between the two cursors. The rise and fall times aree
measured between 20% to 80% of the signal amplitude.
V MARKER
This mode provides 2 cursors in order to measure two different
voltages and a time span. The values V1 and V2 represent the
voltages between the zero base line and the respective cursor.
ΔV represents the voltage difference between the two cursors. Δt
represents the time difference between them.
The menu item AUTO SOURCE may be turned on or off with the associated soft menu keys ON and OFF; the active state is marked by
its blue background. If ON was chosen, the cursor measurements
will be executed on the active channel; this allows you to quickly
execute similar measurements on different signals. If OFF was
selected, measurements will always be performed on the channel
selected in the menu SOURCE.
By pushing the soft key next to the menu SET, the selected cursors
will be automatically placed on optimum positions along the signal
curve; this allows very fast and usually optimum placement of the
cursors. As mentioned earlier, the cursors may also be placed
manually with the universal knob after pushing this universal
knob slecting them. In case the automatic placement does not
function with very complex signals, the cursors can be brought to
a predefined starting position by pushing the key next to the menu
CENTER. The last menu item allows you to switch the cursors off
by pushing the soft key next to it.
PEA
In t
ma
PEA
In t
be
RMS, MEAN, Standard deviation, σ
This mode provides 2 cursors in order to calculate the rms, the
mean and the standard deviation σ values of a signal between
the two cursors.
Rise-time 90%
This mode provides 2 cursors in order to measure the rise and
fall times between the two cursors. The rise and fall times aree
measured between 10% to 90% of the signal amplitude.
(wit
sel
trig
PER
In t
The
of a
Fig. 8.2: Menu
Menu for
for the
theautomatic
automaticmeasurements
measurementssettings
settings
This menu offers the selection of two auto measurement funcMEASURE 1 and MEASURE
MEASURE 2 can be switched ON or OFF
tions: MEASURE
with the respective soft menu keys. The associated soft menus
will open selection windows upon pushing the respective menu
key. Each window will present all available kinds of measurement
which can be selected with the universal knob. The source for
the measurements can be selected with the universal knob after
pushing the respective soft menu key. The listing of available
sources will only show the displayed channels. The results will
be displayed in the right bottom corner of the screen.
The following kinds of measurement are available:
MEAN
In this mode the mean value of the signal will be measured.
With periodic signals only the first period shown on the left of
the graticule will be measured.
RMS
This mode measures and calculates the rms value of the signal
but only for those portions of the signals which are displayed.
If the signal is periodic, the first period displayed will be used.
The „true rms“ value will be calculated.
Amplitude
AMPLITUDE:
This mode measures the amplitude of a square wave. To this
the potential difference between high and low level (Vbase
and Vtop) is calculated. The measurement effects only on the
selected channel and needs at least one complete period of a
triggered signal.
TOP LEVEL:
25
Subjectvoltage
to change
without
notice
This mode measures the mean
level
of the
high level of
a square wave. Therefore the mean of the ramp is calculated
FRE
In t
rec
me
CO
In t
cou
and
me
onl
CO
In t
cou
and
be
leve
CO
In t
are
will
CO
In t
are
will
PU
Thi
pul
me
at l
PU
Thi
pul
me
at l
M e a s u r e m e n t s Top Level
This mode measures the mean voltage level of the high level of
a square wave. Therefore the mean of the ramp is calculated
(without the overshoot). The measurement effects only one the
selected channel and needs at least one complete period of a
triggered signal.
Base Level
This mode measures the mean voltage level of the low level of
a square wave. Therefore the mean of the ramp is calculated
(without the overshoot). The measurement effects only one the
selected channel and needs at least one complete period of a
triggered signal.
PEAK-TO-PEAK
In this mode the voltage difference between the minimum and
maximum values of the displayed signal will be measured.
PEAK +
In this mode the positive peak value of the displayed signal will
be measured.
PEAK –
In this mode the negative peak value of the displayed signal
will be measured.
PERIOD
In this mode the duration of the signal period will be measured.
The period is defined as the time between two identical portions
of a recurring signal.
FREQUENCY
In this mode the signal frequency will be measured as the
reciprocal of the period. Only the first period will be used. The
measurement pertains only to the selected channel.
COUNT +
In this mode the number of positive pulses displayed will be
counted. A positive pulse is defined as consisting of a rising
and a falling slope. The switching level will be calculated by
measuring the mean value of the signal. A crossing of this level
only in one direction will not be counted.
COUNT –
In this mode the number of negative pulses displayed will be
counted. A negative pulse is defined as consisting of a falling
and a rising slope. As before, the mean value of the signal will
be measured and used as the trigger level. A crossing of this
level only in one direction will not be counted.
COUNT +/
In this mode positive slopes of the signal within the displayed
area will be counted. As before, the mean value of the signal
will be measured and used as the trigger level.
COUNT-/
In this mode negative slopes of the signal within the displayed
area will be counted. As before, the mean value of the signal
will be measured and used as the trigger level.
Pulse Width +
This mode measures the width of a positive pulse. A positive
pulse consists of a rising edge follow by a falling edge. The
measurement effects only one the selected channel and needs
at least one complete pulse of a triggered signal.
Pulse Width –
This mode measures the width of a negative pulse. A negative
pulse consists of a falling edge follow by a rising edge. The
26
Subject to change without notice
measurement effects only one the selected channel and needs
at least one complete pulse of a triggered signal.
Positive Duty Cycle
This mode measures the positive duty cycle. To this the share
of the positive alternation within a period is measured and is
placed in relation to the signal period. The measurement effects
only one the selected channel and needs at least one complete
period of a triggered signal.
Negative Duty Cycle
This mode measures the negative duty cycle. To this the share
of the negative alternation within a period is measured and is
placed in relation to the signal period. The measurement effects
only one the selected channel and needs at least one complete
period of a triggered signal.
RISE-TIME 90%
In this mode the rise-time of the first displayed positive slope
will be measured. The rise-time is defined as the time span
between 10 to 90 % of the full amplitude.
RISE-TIME 80%
In this mode the rise-time of the first displayed positive slope
will be measured. The rise-time is defined as the time span
between 20 to 80 % of the full amplitude.
FALL TIME 90%
In this mode the fall time of the first displayed negative slope will
be measured. The fall time is defined as the time span between
90 to 10 % of the full amplitude.
FALL TIME 80%
In this mode the fall time of the first displayed negative slope will
be measured. The fall time is defined as the time span between
80 to 20 % of the full amplitude.
σ-STD. DEVIATION
In this mode the standard deviation of the signal amplitude will
be measured.
TRIGGER FREQ
In this mode the frequency of the trigger signal as the reciprocal
of its period will be measured. The source for this measurement is the actual selected trigger source. The measurement
is performed with a 6 digit hardware counter.
TRIGGER PER.
In this mode the duration of a trigger period is measured with
a hardware counter.
DELAY
In this mode the delay between two edges of two analog channels are measured. The settings of the measure- and reference
source as well as the edges are possible in a submenu.
PHASE
In this mode the phase between two edges of two analog channels are measured and displayed in degree.
A n a l y s i s
9 Analysis
The HMO series oscilloscopes feature a variety of analysis
functions for the stored data sets which will be displayed on the
screen. For simple mathematical functions „Quick mathematics“ is provided. The formula editor allows you to create more
complex functions and the linking of functions. The frequency
analysis is accessible by just pushing a key.
9.1 Quick mathematics
Pushing the MATH key on the front panel will call a short menu,
the key will light up red.
Next to the lowest soft menu key QM/MA the mode activated
will be indicated in red. QM stands for Quick Mathematics, MA
for extended mathematics. Pressing this soft menu key will
alternate between those two mathematics variants.
The upper 3 menu keys allow you to select the sources as well
as the operation. All active channels are available as sources.
The available operations are addition and subtraction.
9.2 Formula editor
The HMO series offers 5 sets of mathematical formulas. Each
of these sets contains 5 equations which can be modified with
a formula editor in order to construct more complex mathematical formulas. They are designated MA1 to MA5. The available
operations are:
– Negative value
– Addition
– Reciprocal value
– Subtraction
– Inverted value
– Multiplication
– Common logarithm
– Division
– Natural logarithm
– Maximum
– Differentiation
– Minimum
– Integration
– Squaring
– IIR low pass filter
– Square root
– IIR high pass filter
– Absolute value
– Positive value
Fig. 9.1: Mathematics short menu
Fig. 9.3: Formula editor for a set of formulas
The predefined mathematical functions can be switched in by
pushing the respective soft menu keys. If a function is active,
the black dots will change to red ones. If two were activated, the
remaining ones will be shown in grey. If you desire to perform
an addition, subtraction, multiplication or division between
two channels, first make sure that QM is shown with a red
background. The associated short menu allows to select the
desired function.
Fig. 9.2: Quick mathematics menu
The sources for the equation in MA1 are the input channels
CH1, CH2, CH3, CH4 and a constant which can be defined. For
the formula MA2, MA1 is an additional source. For MA3 additional sources are MA1 and MA2. For MA4 additional sources
are MA1, MA2, and MA3. For MA5 additional sources are MA1
to MA4. It is possible to construct a total of 5 different sets
from these 5 equations which can be subsequently stored
and recalled.
Press the MATH key to access the formula editor, then select
„MA“ with the lowest soft menu key (i.e. MA is shown with a red
background), next press the MENU key in the vertical section of
the front panel. A menu will open in which the menu item FORMULA SET will be shown with a blue background. Now the desired
formula set can be selected with the knob (there are 5 different
ones). In this soft menu you may attribute names to the formula
sets (with a maximum of 8 characters), you may load a formula set
(from the internal memory or a USB memory stick) you may store
a formula set (into the internal memory or onto an USB memory
stick) and also modify a formula set. Inputting of formulas is done
by pressing the soft menu key MODIFY. A menu will open in which
the top entry EQUATION is selected. The universal knob allows to
select up to 5 equations (standard names MA1 to MA5); if less than
5 are defined, the last formula will lead to the field NEW. With the
soft menu key next to ADD, the formula set may be extended by
another formula. If a formula was selected or newly added, the
soft menu key next to MODIFY is used to activate PARAMETER
Subject to change without notice
27
A n a l y s i s (this is activated if the word is shown with a blue background) .
After selecting the operators and the operands, press the soft
menu key next to MODIFY to activate DISPLAY (if activated the
word will be shown with a blue background). In this menu you
have the opportunity to display the equations, to add physical
units (e.g. A) and to attribute names.
In Fig. 9.4, in formula MA1, a current of 100 µA is added to the
channel 1. In the menu for entering constants it is possible to
choose from the following list of constants, executed by pushing
the key CONSTANT and turning the universal knob:
– Pi
– 2x Pi
– 0,5 x Pi
– User 1 . . . 10 (there are up to 10 user defined constants possible)
If e.g. User 1 is selected, it is possible to set the value with
the universal knob after pushing the menu key next to VALUE.
Following the same procedure the decimal point and a possible
SI-prefix can be set. The following SI-prefixes are available:
– m (Milli, 10-3)
–K
(Kilo, 103)
– µ (Mikro, 10-6)
– M (Mega, 106)
– G
(Giga, 109)
– n (Nano 10-9)
-12
– p (Piko, 10 )
– T
(Tera, 1012)
(Peta, 1015)
– P
(Femto, 10-15)
– f
– a (Atto, 10-18)
– E
(Exa, 1018)
-21
– z
– Z
(Zepto 10 )
(Zetta 1021)
– Y
(Yotta, 1024)
– y
(Yokto, 10-24)
The menu item UNIT offers the following list of units, selectable
with the universal knob:
– p
(Pi)
– V
(Volts)
– Pa (Pascal)
– A
(Amperes)
– m (Meter)
– Ω
(Ohms)
(Acceleration)
– V/A (Volts per Ampere) – g
– ºC (Degrees Celsius)
– W (Watts,
–K
(Kelvin)
active power)
– ºF (Degrees Fahrenheit)
– VA (Voltamps,
(Newton)
– N
apparent power)
– J
(Joule)
– VAr (Voltamps,
– C
(Coulomb)
reactive power)
– Wb (Weber)
– dB (decibels)
– T
(Tesla)
– dBm (dB
– (dez) (dezimal)
referred to 1 mW)
– (bin) (binary)
– dBV (dB
– (hex) (hexadezimal)
referred to 1 V)
– (oct) (octal)
– s
(Second)
– DIV (Division, graticule)
– Hz (Hertz)
– px (pixel)
– F
(Farad)
– Bit (Bit)
– H
(Henry)
– Bd (Baud)
– % (Percent)
– Sa (Sample)
– º
(Degree)
Fig. 9.4: Entering constants and units
by pushing the key next to NAME in the set of formulas menu
and following the above procedure again. The completed set
of formulas may be stored in the instrument or on a USB
stick. In order to do this push the key next to STORE, a menu
will open which allows you to select the storage medium by
pushing the top menu key (internal, USB front panel, USB rear
panel). The menu item below offers to add a name for the set
of formulas. A commentary can be added by pushing the key
next to COMMENTARY. By pushing the key next to STORE the set
of formulas together with the name chosen and a commentary
will be stored in the selected location.
Stored sets of formulas may be recalled any time. In order to
do this activate the mathematics by pushing the key MATH and
then the key MENU and the V/DIV knob. A menu item LOAD
will appear in this menu. By choosing this, the data control will
appear, showing the internal memory location, and, if an USB
stick is plugged in, also that location. Select the desired location
and push the key LOAD.
9.3 Frequency analysis (FFT)
The frequency analysis function will be called by pushing the key
FFT in the ANALYZE section of the front panel, the key will light
up white, the screen will be divided into two graticules. In the
upper smaller area, the signal will be displayed vs. time, in the
lower, larger area the result of the FFT analysis will be shown.
The lower FFT display window will be framed in white. This
means that the large knob in the time base area is now dedicated
to selecting the span, and that the small knob X POSITION to
setting the CENTER position. The FFT will be calculated up to
a maximum of 65536 aquisition samples.
After entering the value, the prefix, the unit (or any combination)
push the soft menu key next to STORE: now this will be stored at
the address USER 1, then the system will automatically return
to the menu for equations. It is possible to store up to 10 user
defined constants.
In this menu it is further possible to add a name to each of the
5 equations: in order to do this first select the desired equation,
then push the lowest menu key NAME, this will open a window.
Now the intended name (up to 8 characters) can be defined
by turning and pushing the universal knob; the name will be
accepted after pushing the soft menu key next to ACCEPT and
displayed in place of MA1 ... MA5. This may be done separately
for all equations. After entering all equations, constants and
names it is possible to also add a name for this set of formulas
28
Subject to change without notice
Fig. 9.5: FFT presentation
A n a l y s i s
The information about the settings for the time display will be
shown top left, the information about the Zoom and position
between both grids and the information about the FFT display
(span and center frequency) is shown below the larger area. One
of these displays is brighter than the other, after selecting the
FFT function this one will be brighter. The large knob in the time
base area will set the span, and the small knob X-POSITION the
center frequency. By pushing the large knob SCALE TIME/DIV,
the display of the time base settings will become brighter, and
both knobs will resume their original time base functions. Pushing the large knob SCALE TIME/DIV again will make the Zoom
and position seeting brighter and both knobs are adjusting the
zoom function. The extended FFT menu will open after pushing
the key FFT again.
At the top menu the display modes NORMAL, ENVELOPE, and
MEAN can be selected. The envelope function will write the
maxima spectra of all captured signals on top of each other;
this will yield some kind of envelope or area with all FFT results
ever obtained. By pushing the respective soft menu key a display
of the mean value can be obtained; with the universal knob the
number of averages can be chosen in powers of 2 from 2 to 512.
The menu POINTS allow the selection of the number of points
used for the FFT calculation. the setting can be done with the
universal knob. Possible values are 2048, 4096, 8192, 16384,
32768, 65536 Points.
Fig. 9.6: Extended FFT menu
The soft menu item WINDOW allows you to select from the following window functions:
– Hanning
– Hamming
– Blackman
– Square
By choosing the menu item Y-SCALE, the FFT amplitude can
be scaled either linearly (Veff) or logarithmically (dBm, dBV).
If another channel is desired as the source for the FFT, this
can be selected simply by pushing the respective channel
key. In order to terminate the FFT function either push the
FFT key again or use the menu key next to FFT OFF. The
oscilloscope will return to its state before the FFT function
was selected.
–
–
–
–
–
Maximum voltage
Mean voltage
Minimum voltage
Rise time
Fall time
Four additional parameters will be displayed in the right bottom
corner of the screen:
– RMS value
– Period
– Frequency
– Peak-to-peak voltage
Using the AUTO MEASURE button, there can be two additional
parameter selected and displayed.
Only one channel may be activated in the Quickview mode. If
another channel is selected by pushing its key, the previously
selected one will be deactivated. Now the parameters of the new
channel will be shown. By pushing the key again; a Softmenue
will open, where the PASS/FAIL mode can be selected. Pushing
the QUICKVIEW key again let become active all channels which
were activated before the key was pushed and the Quieckview
mode entered.
9.5 PASS/FAIL test based on masks
In order to access the PASS/FAIL mode please proceed as
follows: Press the QUICKVIEW key in the ANALYZE area of the
front panel twice, this menu will open, then press the soft menu
key PASS/FAIL, this will activate the mode and open a menu
for the settings and the use of the mask test feature. Prior to
starting a test by pressing the top toggle key TEST ON/OFF, it is
necessary to generate or load a mask and to select an action.
For the generation of a new mask press the soft menu key next
to the menu NEW MASK, a menu will open. By pressing the key
COPY CHANNEL, the present signal can be copied into a mask
memory. The mask is coloured white and appears as an max. and
min. border of the input signal. Using the menu keys Y-POSITION
and Y SIZE, this curve can be shifted resp. enlarged in vertical
direction. The two menu items WIDTH Y and WIDTH X allow to
set the tolerance limits of the mask, the universal knob is used
to enter values with a resolution of 1/100 division. The tolerance
mask is displayed in white in the background. The mask thus
generated can be stored: press the soft menu key STORE, this will
open a data file dialogue window, storage is possible either into
the instrument memory or onto an USB memory stick. Pressing
the MENU OFF key will cause the return to the previous menu. In
order to load a mask generated earlier, choose LOAD MASK, a
data file dialogue window will open, select the desired mask (file
name .HMK) from the internal memory or an USB memory stick.
The mask is loaded by pressing the key LOAD and then displayed.
Changes to a mask are possible in the menu NEW MASK.
9.4 Quickview measurements
By pressing the key ACTIONS in the PASS/FAIL main menu
a menu will be opened which will offer these five possible
actions:
1 Audible signal if the tolerance limits are exceeded.
2 Stop if this happens (from 1st to more than 10000th).
3 Pulse output if this happens
4 Screen dump if the tolerance limits are exceeded
5 Screen dump on a connected printer
The Quickview measurements are activated by pushing the key
QUICKVIEW in the ANALYZE section of the front panel. The key
will light up indicating that the scope responded. This mode
offers the following 5 parameters which are directly displayed
in the signal:
The desired action is selected by pressing the respective soft
menu key, this menu item will be shown with a blue background. Pressing the MENU OFF key will cause return to the
main menu. The test will be started if the soft menu key TEST
is pressed.
Subject to change without notice
29
A n a l y s i s Below the display window the total number of tests and, in
brackets, the total test time are shown in white. The number of
successful tests and, in brackets, their percentage are shown in
green. The number of failures and, in brackets, their percentage
are shown in red. After a test has been started, the soft menu
key PAUSE, without function sofar, will become activated. If
that key is pressed, it will turn blue, and the test will be stopped
while signal capturing and the timer remain unaffected. If that
key is pressed again, it will become inactive, the tests will be
resumed, all event counters continue to count up.
If, however, the tests are stopped by pressing the toggle key ON/
OFF, the event and time counters will be stopped. Pressing the
key again to ON will cause all counters to be reset to zero and
a new test to be started.
The PASS/FAIL mode is left by either pressing the soft menu
key PASS/FAIL OFF or by pressing the key QUICKVIEW anew.
10 Documentation, storing and recalling
The oscilloscope allows you to store and recall all screen
displays, user defined settings (e.g. the trigger conditions and
time base settings), reference curves, simple curves and sets
of formulas. There is an internal memory for reference curves,
instrument settings, and sets of formulas. These data, copies
of screen displays and curve data can also be stored on an USB
stick. (The USB stick should not be larger than 4 GByte and
must be FAT formatted.)
10.1 Instrument settings
Push the key SAVE/RECALL for calling the main menu for storage and load functions. First a listing is shown of the kinds of
data which can be stored and loaded. By pushing the key next to
the top menu item INSTRUMENT SETTINGS this menu will open.
Fig. 9.7: PASS/FAIL mask test.
Fig. 10.1: Basic menu for instrument settings
In this menu, by pushing the respective key, it is possible to
call the menu for storing, the data manager for loading, and
the menu for exporting and importing instrument settings.
Additionally, the menu item STANDARD SETTINGS will reset
the instrument to the factory settings. The storing menu is
opened by pushing the STORE key.
Here the storage location (internal memory, front panel USB,
rear panel USB) is selected, also a name and a commentary can
be added; these will be stored by pushing the soft menu key next
to STORE. In order to recall stored instrument settings, call the
Fig. 10.2: Storing instrument settings
30
Subject to change without notice
D o c u m e n t a t i o n , s t o r i n g a n d r e c a l l i n g
main instrument settings menu and select LOAD by pushing the
respective soft menu key. The data manager will open, use the
menu keys and the universal knob for navigating.
Fig. 10.3: Recalling instrument settings
Here the location is selected from which the settings data are
to be loaded. After the selection in the data manager, load the
settings by pushing the soft menu key LOAD. The data manager also allows you to erase individual settings in the internal
memory. If a USB stick is plugged in and has been selected as
the location, it is also possible to change or erase directories. In
order to export or import instrument settings, a USB stick must
be plugged in, otherwise this menu can not be accessed. Provided this is fulfilled, pushing the key next to IMPORT/EXPORT
will open a menu allowing to copy instrument settings between
the internal memory and a USB stick.
memories (REF1 ... REF4) into which data can be reloaded,
the contents of these can also be displayed. The main feature
of references is the fact that all information like vertical gain,
time base setting, A/D converter data is always stored along
with the data proper; this allows to compare the reference
with live signals. If the key SAVE/RECALL is pushed and the
menu item REFERENCES selected, a changeover into the menu
IMPORT/EXPORT is possible; here the standard menu of the
data manager will appear which allows you to copy references
between the internal memory and an external USB stick. (See
chapter 10.1 for a detailed description.)
For the references, there is a special key REF/BUS in the VERTICAL area of the front panel. If you press this key, it will light
up in white and open a short menu. The lowest menu key is subdivided in RE and BU which stands for Reference and Bus. The
respective activated setting is indicated by a white background.
Choose RE in order to select in this short menu the 4 possible
reference curves „RE1 ... RE4“. A reference curve is selected
by pressing the respective soft menu key, this reference will be
displayed, and the selected reference curve will be marked in
the short menu by a white dot. If the reference memory should
be empty, a file dialogue window will open in order to load a
reference curve from the internal memory
The store and load menu will be opened by first pushing the
key REF and then the key MENU in the VERTICAL section of
the front panel.
Fig. 10.5: Loading and storing of references
Fig. 10.4: Import/Export menu for instrument settings
The source is selected by pushing the respective key (e.g. INTERNAL), the selection will be indicated by its blue background. Then
the destination is selected (e.g. FRONT). By pushing the key next
to IMPORT/EXPORT, the selected settings data will be copied as
previously chosen (in this example from the internal memory to
a USB stick). It is possible to copy from the internal memory to
the external memory and also between two USB sticks .
10.2 References
References are sets of data which consist of settings information and A/D converter data. These may be stored and recalled
internally or externally. There are a maximum of 4 reference
After activating the top menu item with the respective key, the
desired reference into which the data shall be loaded can be
selected with the universal knob. In order to select the reference
curve to be loaded, push the menu key LOAD and select the
desired data in the data manager. If the data were, e.g., loaded
into the „REF1“ curve in order to store a reference, select the
channel (push the key next to STORE and select the channel
with the universal knob), check whether the selected name for
the data is the desired one, and store the reference by pushing
the soft menu key next to DATA NAME. If another name and/or a
commentary is desired, push the key next to STORE AS in order
to access the appropriate menu.
This standard menu allows you to select the location, the data
name, and a commentary and to store all of this by pushing the
respective menu key.
10.3 Curves
In addition to references, the pure A/D converter data can be
stored, however, only on external USB sticks, not internally.
Subject to change without notice
31
D o c u m e n t a t i o n , s t o r i n g a n d r e c a l l i n g The following formats are available:
10.4 Screenshots
Binary format:
A binary data set may contain bytes of any length. The curves
will be stored without any time information.
The most important method of storing for documentation
purposes is the screen photo. At least one USB stick must be
connected, only then will any settings regarding the destination,
the name, the format and the colour mode be possible. Push
the keys SAVE/RECALL and SCREENSHOTS for opening the
appropriate menu.
CSV (Comma Separated Values):
CSV data sets store the curves in tables, the lines are separated
by commas.
HRT (HAMEG Reference Time):
Data sets with this code contain data of curves vs. time. If a
curve was stored in this format, it can be used in the reference
menu. With the HRT format it is also possible to generate
data sets which may be reloaded into the oscilloscope via the
reference menu.
In order to store curves, push the key SAVE/RECALL and select
in the main menu the item CURVES by pushing the respective
soft menu key.
Fig. 10.7: Menu for screen shots
Also in this menu the destination (according to the USB sticks
connected) can be selected with the top menu key. When this
is done the first time, the data manager will appear in order to
either select or generate a destination listing. After the entry of
this information, the SCREEN SHOT storing menu will reappear.
The second menu item DATA NAME allows you to enter a name
with the respective name entry menu which will open automatically upon selecting this menu item. If FORMAT is selected with
the respective menu key, these formats will be offered and can
be selected with the universal knob:
Fig. 10.6: Menu for storing curves
In this menu which will open, the top item allows the selection
of the front or rear panel USB port. This choice is only possible
if the instrument recognized a USB stick at the designated
port. If a stick is present and the port selection done by pushing the respective soft key, the first time this happens, the
data manager will appear with the associated menu. Here, a
listing of destinations can be selected or generated. Confirm
the selection of the destination listing by pushing OK, this will
recall the menu for storing curves. Pushing the soft key next
to the second menu item (CURVE) will activate this function
as indicated by the blue background: now the channel can be
selected from which the curve shall be taken by turning the
universal knob. Only channels which have been activated are
eligible. Pushing the menu key next to DATA NAME will open
the menu for entering names: in order to do this use this menu
and the universal knob to enter the desired name which will
be stored by pushing ACCEPT. This will recall again the menu
for storing curves.
Now push the soft key FORMAT, this will open a window for
selecting the format. The selection is performed again with
the universal knob. Additionally, a commentary can be stored
along with a curve. This is done by pushing the menu key
next to COMMENTARY, this will open a window for the entry.
After entering the commentary and storing it by pushing
ACCEPT, again the menu for storing curves will appear. After
completion of all these entries, pushing the menu key next
to STORE will store the curve according to the selected settings.
32
Subject to change without notice
BMP = Windows Bitmap (uncompressed format).
GIF = Graphics Interchange Format
PNG = Portable Network Graphics
By selection of the soft menu item COLOUR MODE, the universal
knob will allow to select GREY SCALE, COLOUR or INVERSION.
If GREY SCALE is selected, the colours will be converted into a
grey scale upon storing. If COLOUR is selected, the curve will
be stored in colour as it is shown on the display. If INVERSION
is selected, the curve will be stored in colour but with a white
background.
When the key next to the menu item STORE is pressed, the present display will be stored immediately to the location selected
with the name selected and the format selected.
PLEASE NOTE: If you intend to print, stop signal
capturing by pressing the RUN/STOP key first in
order to guarantee a correct printout with complete
curves.
10.5 Sets of formulas
Pushing the key SAVE/RECALL will open the main menu where
a menu item is called FORMULARIES, selection of this menu
item will call a submenu which allows you to move sets of formulas between the internal memory and the USB stick as well
as to import or export such sets. How this is done was already
described in chapter 9.2.
C o m p o n e n t t e s t
10.6 Definition of the FILE/PRINT key
The key FILE/PRINT on the front panel allows you to store
curves, screen shots, screen shots with settings, by just pushing it. However, it is required that the necessary settings for
the destination, the name etc. have been previously defined as
described in the preceding chapters. In order to open the settings
menu of the FILE/PRINT key, push the SAVE/RECALL key for
calling its main menu, then select the menu item FILE/PRINT.
Fig. 10.8: Definition of FILE/PRINT key
By pushing the respective menu key, it is possible to define the
action which shall take place upon pushing the key, the following
actions are available:
– DEVICE settings stores settings of the instrument
– TRACES
stores curves
– SCREEN SHOT
stores screen photos
– SCREEN & SETUP
stores screen photos and settings
– PRINT
prints directly to a postscript
or some PCL or PCLX compatible printer
After the selection of the desired action by pushing the respective key, the acceptance will be confirmed by the blue background. By pushing MENU OFF the menu will be switched off.
11 Component test
11.1 General
The oscilloscopes HMO72x...HMO202x have a built-in component tester. This can be activated by pushing the XY/CT mode
button and switch on CT at the upcoming menu at the top. The
unit under test is connected to the two contacts below the
screen. After switch on the component tester moder, the Y
preamplifiers and the time base are disconnected. While using
the component tester, signals may be present at the inputs as
long as the unit under test is not connected to any other circuit.
It is possible to test components remaining in their circuits,
but in such cases all signals must be disconnected from the
front panel BNC connectors! (See the following paragraph:
„Test in circuits“). Two cables with 4 mm plugs are necessary
to connect the unit under test to the component tester. After
completion of the component test pushing the lower soft key
COMP. TEST OFF leave the component tester mode and resume
normal scope operation.
As outlined in the chapter Safety, all measurement
connectors are connected to the mains safety
earth (in proper operation). This implies also the
COMP.TESTER contacts. As long as individual
components are tested, this is of no consequence
because these components are not connected to
the mains safety earth.
If components are to be tested which are located
in circuits or instruments, these circuits resp.
instruments must be disconnected first under
all circumstances! If they are operated from the
mains, the mains plug of the test object has to be
pulled out. This ensures that there will be no loops
between the scope and the test object via the safety earth which might cause false results.
Only discharged capacitors may be tested!
The test principle is a generator within the HMO generates
a 50 Hz or 200 Hz (±10 %) sine wave which feeds the series
connection of the test object and a sense resistor.
If the test object has only a real part such as a resistor, both
voltages will be in phase; the display will be a straight line,
more or less slanted. Is the test object short-circuited, the
line will be vertical (no voltage, current maximum). If the
test object is open-circuited or missing a horizontal line will
appear (voltage, but no current). The angle of the line with the
horizontal is a measure of the resistance value, allowing for
measurements of resistors between Ω and kΩ.
Capacitors and inductors cause phase shift between voltage
and current and hence between the voltages. This will cause
displays of ellipses. The location and the form factor of the
ellipse are determined by the apparent impedance at 50 Hz
(resp. 200 Hz). Capacitors can be measured between µF and
mF.
– An ellipse with its longer axis horizontal indicates a high
impedance (small capacitance or large inductance)
– An ellipse with its longer axis vertical indicates a low impedance (large capacitance or small inductance)
– An ellipse with its longer axis slanted indicates a relatively
Subject to change without notice
33
C o m p o n e n t t e s t large resistive loss in series with the impedance of the
capacitor or inductor.
With semiconductors the transition from the non-conducting
to the conducting state will be indicated in their characteristic.
As far as is possible with the available voltages and currents
the forward and backward characteristics are displayed
(e.g. with zener diodes up to 9 V). Because this is a two-pole
measurement, the gain of a transistor can not be determined,
however, the B-C, B-E, C-E diodes can be measured.
Please note that most bipolar transistors can only
take an E-B voltage of approx. 5 V and may be damaged if this is exceeded, sensitive hf transistors
take even much less!
With this exception the diodes can be measured without
fear of destruction as the maximum voltage is limited to
9 V and the current to a few mA. This implies, however, that a
measurement of breakdown voltages > 9 V is not possible. In
general this is no dis-advantage because, if there is a defect in
a circuit, gross deviations are to be expected which will point
to the defective component.
Rather exact results may be achieved if the measurements
are compared to those of intact components. This is especially
true for semiconductors. The polarity of diodes or transistors
can thus be identified if the lettering or marking is missing.
Please note that with semiconductors changing the polarity
(e.g. by exchanging the COMP.TESTER and ground terminals)
will cause the display to rotate 180 degrees around the screen
center. More important in practice is the quick determination
of plain shorts and opens which are the most common causes
of requiring service.
It is highly recommended to observe the necessary precautions when handling MOS components
which can be destroyed by static charges and even
tribo electricity. The display may show hum if the
base or gate connection of a transistor is open,
i.e. it is not being tested. This can be verified by
moving a hand closeby.
11.2 In-circuit tests
They are possible in many cases but deliver rarely clear
results. By paralleling of real or complex impedances – es-
Fig. 11.1: Component tester at short
34
Subject to change without notice
pecially if those are fairly low impedance at 50 Hz /200Hz –
there will be mostly great differences compared to individual
components. If circuits of the same type have to be tested often
(service), comparisons with intact circuits may help again.
This is also quickly done because the intact circuit has not to
be functional, also it should not be energized. Just probe the
various test points with the cables of the component tester of
the unit under test and the intact unit and compare the screen
displays. Sometimes the unit under test may already contain an
intact portion of the same type, this ist e.g. the case with stereo
circuits, push-pull circuits or symmetrical bridge circuits.
In cases of doubt one side of the dubious component can be
unsoldered, and this free contact should then be connected to
the COMP.TESTER contact which is not identified as the ground
contact. This will reduce hum pick-up. The contact with the
ground symbol is connected to the scope chassis and is thus
not susceptible to hum pick-up.
M i x e d S i g n a l O p e r a t i o n
12 Mixed Signal Operation (optional)
All HMO series instruments are provided with the connector
for the HO3508 logic probe necessary to add 8 digital logic
channels. The firmware required for Mixed Signal operation is
already contained in each HMO, only the HO3508 active logic
probe need to be bought and connected. With the 4-channel
oscilloscope activation of the Pod will deactivate the analog
channel 3. Therefore at the MSO mode are 3 analog channels
plus 8 digital logic channels available.
12.1 Logic trigger
You may test all the settings without a logic probe connected, however, the functions will only be
effective with a HO3508 probe connected.
By selecting LOGIC trigger in the soft menu after pushing the
key TYPE the trigger source will be routed to the digital logic
inputs. If you now push the key SOURCE, a soft menu will open
up which offers further settings and a window for a display.
(refer to Fig. 12.1).
The top soft menu is used to preselect the logic channel for which
the trigger condition is to be defined. This is done with the universal
knob. The selected digital input will be marked with a blue background in the general menu; in the field the trigger level (high) H
or (low) L or (any) X will be indicated. The selection of the logic level
is done with the respective soft menu key. The selected level will
also be marked with a blue background in the soft menu. Another
menu selects the logic combination of the digital logic inputs; they
can be combined by logic AND, OR. If AND is selected, then both
conditions must be met simultaneously for the result to go high
H. If OR is selected either one or both conditions must be met. The
last item in this menu is called TRIGGER ON. With the soft menu
key TRUE or FALSE can be chosen. This allows you to preselect
whether the trigger shall be generated at the beginning (TRUE)
or the end („FALSE“) of the logic condition.
After selecting the desired set of conditions, you may push
FILTER for more settings. A soft menu will have opened which
allows you to limit the trigger TRUE condition further in time
(in this menu that condition will appear which you choose in
the SOURCE menu). A time limit can be added by pushing the
top soft menu key. (This functionality will be available with a
firmware 3.0 or later.) The reference criterion can be selected
in the menu field below by the respective soft key.
Fig. 12.1: Logic trigger menu
These 6 criteria are available:
ti ≠ t: The duration of the bit pattern which will generate the
trigger is unequal to the reference time.
ti = t: The duration of the bit pattern which will generate the
trigger is equal to the reference time.
ti < t: The duration of the bit pattern which will generate the
trigger is smaller than the reference time.
ti > t: The duration of the bit pattern which will generate the
trigger is greater than the reference time.
t1<ti<t2: The duration of the bit pattern which will generate the
trigger is smaller than the reference width t2 and greater
than the reference width t1.
not(t1<ti<t2): The duration of the bit pattern which will generate
the trigger is greater than the reference width t2 and
smaller than the reference width t1.
By the same procedure as with pulse trigger the reference time
is adjusted with ti ≠ t and ti = t by turning the universal knob after
pushing the soft key next to TIME. By selecting DEVIATION the
universal knob allows you to define a tolerance interval. If ti < t
or ti > t was chosen only one limit may be set. Both options with
two references (t1 and t2) can be set due to pressing the respective
soft key and turning the universal knob.
If you desire to change the levels for logic ONE or ZERO you
will have to choose the channel menu. Select the appropriate
POD (with the key CH3/POD). If the logic mode was already
selected, you will see the digital logic channels, and the display
will show in its channel information section the framed message: „POD1:xxxV“. If information about the analog channel 3
is shown there, push the key next to the lowest soft menu entry
(before pushing the key it have „CH“ coloured with the Channel
color, afterwards it is „PO“ coloured). This will activate the
digital channels. If you now push the key MENU in the VERTICAL section of the front panel, you will be able to select from 5
predefined logic levels, three of them are fixed for TTL, CMOS,
and ECL, two are user definable and may be set from –2 V to
+8 V with the universal knob after pushing the respective key.
12.2 Display functions of the logic channels
With the four channel HMO the short menu in the channel settings
is used to switch an analog channel to a digital channel. If you find
there data belonging to the analog channels 3 and 4, press the
key next to the lowest soft menu entry. This is a double key: the
upper designation CH stands for channel, the lower one PO for
pod. Pressing this key will alternate between those two modes.
The mode which is presently active will have its background
shown in the colour of the respective channel. Activate the Pod
here. At the two channel units you can activate the logic channel
simply by pressing the POD button.
If you now press the MENU key in the VERTICAL area of the front
panel, you can select one of five preset logic level settings.
With the logic channels, a logic ONE will be indicated by a bar
of two pixels width, a logic ZERO will be one pixel wide. The
information field in the lower left corner of the screen will show
the actual logic levels selected next to the name POD.
The Y positions and the size of the logic channel displays can
be chosen as customary and known from analog channel
operation with the appropriate knobs Y-POSITION and SCALE
VOLTS/DIV (provided the soft menu key „0/7“ was selected as
indicated by a blue background). If less than 8 logic channels
Subject to change without notice
35
M i x e d S i g n a l O p e r a t i o n If you chose the bus type PARALLEL + CLOCK, the lower two
soft menu keys are reserved for the source and the slope of the
clock. For selecting the source of the clock, press the key CLOCK
and use the universal knob for selecting the logic channel which
carries the clock. The key SLOPE will offer RISING, FALLING and
BOTH in that order and start all over. The activated selection
will be shown with a blue background. Pressing the MENU OFF
key will return you to the BUS menu. There is another menu
item DISPLAY SETTINGS. In this submenu selecting DISPLAY
will allow to select the following decoding formats with the
universal knob:
– Binary
– Hexadecimal
– Decimal
– ASCII
Fig. 12.2: Logic channels’ settings display
The decoded values will be shown in the tables of the buses in
the format selected.
are to be displayed, or if the position of individual channels is
to be changed, this can be done in the short menu in conjunction with the soft menu keys and the Y POSITION and SCALE
VOLTS/DIV controls. In order to do this, push the soft menu
key next to CTRL: this will allow you to control the Y position
and the size of the logic channel display with the knobs. The
name of which will be shown above the menu entry (in this
example number 0). The selection of the channels is done with
the soft keys „Arrow Up“ and „Arrow Down“. By this method
all channels may be individually positioned and sized. If POD
was activated and if the MENU key in the VERTICAL section of
the front panel was pushed, the menu for setting the trigger
levels will be shown: 5 preprogrammed levels are available,
2 of which are user definable.
The next lower soft menu key may be used to switch the individual bits of the bus on in the table display. The BUS short
menu will be displayed upon pressing the MENU OFF key twice.
The two upper soft menu keys can be used to switch the bus
display on or off. If a bus is switched on, this will be indicated
by a white dot in the short menu. In order to vary the position or
the size of a bus, it is first selected in the menu which is shown
by a blue background of the key. The position control knob is
used to position the bus display on the screen. The size of the
table display can be varied with the VOLTS/DIV knob. This may
be especially helpful in case of the binary format, because it
allows to display the complete value in up to 4 lines even with
short tables.
On page two of this menu there is the possibility to name
each digital channel. The process is the same as described in
chapter 4.6.
12.3 Cursor measurements for the logic channels
There is also a possibility to combine several digital channels
to form buses which will then be displayed on the screen in
tables. Basically two independent buses are possible, e.g. an 8
bit address and an 8 bit data bus may be combined. In order to
access the bus settings, press the REF/BUS key and then the
MENU key in the VERTICAL area of the front panel.
A menu will open, the top key allows to select B1 or B2 (the
activated one will have a blue background). The key below allows to select the type of bus. For the parallel bus PARALLEL
and PARALELL + CLOCK are available. After selection of the
bus type, press the soft menu key CONFIGURATION which
will open the submenu for the bus settings. After pressing
the top menu key BUS WIDTH, the desired bus width can be
selected with the universal knob from 1 to 16 bits. The window
showing the table of bits will be dynamically adapted. Now
press the soft menu key SOURCE, the universal knob is used
to link a physical source to the bit selected. In the window,
the entry which is presently being set will be shown with a
blue background. On the left side of the table in the window,
the bus bits are shown in a fixed order, at the top there is D0
which is the LSB of the bus. The universal knob is used to link
the bus bit selected to a real logic channel. Example:The bus
bit D0 is linked to logic channel D9 (this is equivalent to the
LC9 input on POD2).
There are no restrictions to the linking, it is also possible to
partly use identical logic channels in the two buses. In order to
select the individual bits in the table, use the keys PREVIOUS
BIT and NEXT BIT, then use the universal knob for the linking
to the logic channel.
36
Subject to change without notice
If the logic channels were activated, some parameters may be
measured with the cursors. For all activated logic channels
of a POD these measurements are available: TIME, RATIO X,
V–MARKER. The results will be as follows:
TIME:
The time position of both cursors relative to the trigger time
position will be indicated; also the time difference between the
two cursor positions from which the frequency is calculated.
RATIO X:
In this mode 3 cursors are used. The time ratios between the
first and the second and between the first and the third will
be shown. The presentation will be in floating point format, in
percent, in degrees, and in radians.
V–MARKER:
With the logic channels the logic value of the selected POD will
be measured at the position of the respective cursor and shown
in hexadecimal and decimal formats.
S e r i a l b u s a n a l y s i s
13 Serial bus analysis (optional)
The HMO series with option HOO10 can be used for triggering
and decoding of I 2 C, SPI and UART/RS-232 buses on the digital
inputs (Option HO3508) or the analog inputs. The option HOO10
also allow two serial busses decoded at the same time.
The Option HOO11 can be used for triggering and decoding of
I 2 C, SPI and UART/RS-232 buses on the analog inputs only.
The option HOO11 allow only one serial bus decoded at the
same time.
These options will become usable with a software licence key.
This key will either be installed during manufacturing or by the
user when he installs an update as described in chapter 2.10.
In order to establish the settings of the trigger and decoder functions, it is necessary to first define a bus. A maximum of 2 buses
B1 and B2 can be defined. First press the key BUS/REF in the
VERTICAL area of the front panel, a short menu will open. Use
the lowest soft menu key to either select whether references
or buses are to be defined. This is a toggle key which alternates
between those two possibilities RE (reference) and BU (bus).
The activated function is indicated by a white background. Here
select BU. Then press the MENU key in the VERTICAL area of
the front panel. A menu will open, the top soft menu key allows
to choose either B1 or B2.
Fig. 13.2: Menu for the selection of the decoding format
Use the soft menu key SINGLE BITS to switch the display of
individual bit lines of the bus display (above the table display)
on or off.
In the Bus setting menu there is an softmenu which allow to
enter a name for a bus. The process is the same as for naming
a channel and is described in chapter 4.6.
13.1 I2C bus
The I2 C bus is a two-wire bus (clock and data) which was
developed by Philips and which allows data rates of up to 3.4
Mbits/s.
13.2 I2C Bus configuration
Remark: prior to configuring the bus, make sure
that you chose the correct logic level for the logic
inputs (as described in chapter 12.1) resp. the
analog channel (as described in chapter 4.5). The
default setting for both is 500mV.
Fig. 13.1: Bus definition menu
By pressing the soft menu key BUS TYPE the type of bus can be
selected from the available ones. If the option HOO10/HOO11 is
installed, there will be these options:
– Parallel
– Parallel clocked
– SPI 2 wire
– SPI 3 wire
– I2C
– UART
The soft menu key CONFIGURATION will call a menu which is
dependent upon the bus type selected. These menus are described in the chapters of the respective bus configurations.
The menu called by pressing DISPLAY SETUP is the same for
all buses, it allows to select the decoding format. The following
formats are available:
– Binary
– Hexadecimal
– Decimal
– ASCII
In order to decode the I2C bus, it is only necessary, when configuring the bus, to define which logic channel carries the clock
and which the data. These settings are performed after the
selection of the bus type I2C in the bus menu by subsequently
pressing the soft menu key CONFIGURATION. A menu will
open, select the top soft menu key CLOCK SCL and use the
Fig. 13.3: Menu for the definition of the I2C sources.
Subject to change without notice
37
S e r i a l b u s a n a l y s i s universal knob to select the appropriate channel. The definition
of the data channel is performed in the same manner after
pressing the soft menu key DATA SDA. For checking these
entries a small window will show the actual settings while in
this submenu.
(If only the HOO11 is installed, only the analog channel can be
as sources selected, if the HOO10 is installed analog an logic
channels are available.)
All menus will close upon pressing the MENU OFF key twice.
TRIGGER area and select the I2C bus. (This will only be available if it was defined before.) After pressing the key FILTER in
the TRIGGER area all possible trigger types will be presented.
It is possible to trigger on the START, STOP of all messages as
well as on NEW START and NOT-ACKNOWLEDGE conditions.
For further trigger options press the soft menu key READ/
WRITE. A menu opens which offers the choice of triggering
on READ or WRITE conditions and whether the address length
is 7 or 10 bits.
After pressing the soft menu key SLAVE ADDRESS the universal
knob can be used to select a 7 or 10 bit address on which shall
be triggered.
Pressing the soft menu key DATA will open a submenu which
allows to enter data in addition to the address.
Fig. 13.4: I2C message, hexadecimal decoded.
Certain portions of the I2C messages will be displayed in colour
in order to facilitate recognition. If the data lines are selected
together with the table presentation, the respective areas will
also be displayed in colour as follows:
Read address:
Yellow
Write address:
Magenta
Cyan
Data:
Start:
White
Stop:
White
No acknowledge:
Red
Ackknowledge:
Green
13.3 I2C bus triggering
After configuring the bus, it will be possible to trigger on various events. To choose the trigger type, press the key TYPE in
the TRIGGER area of the front panel and select the soft menu
key SERIAL BUSES. Subsequently press the key SOURCE in the
Fig. 13.6: I2C data Trigger menu
It is possible to trigger on a maximum of 24 bits (3 bytes) of
data which may have an offset from 0 to 4095 with respect to
the address. In order to select an offset, press BYTE OFFSET.
In most cases the offset will be zero if it is desired to trigger on
the maximum of 24 first bits following the address. Use the soft
menu key NUMBER OF BYTES in order to select whether 1, 2 or
3 bytes of data should be entered. The entry may be binary or
hexadecimal which is selected with the soft menu key INPUT.
If binary entry was selected, the individual bits may be chosen
with the soft menu key BIT and the universal knob. With the soft
menu key DEFINITION you can choose for each bit whether it
shall be 1, 0 or X (don’t care). If hexadecimal entry was chosen,
the soft menu key VALUE and the universal knob are used to
define the value of each byte. Th soft menu key BYTE is used
to switch from byte 1 to byte 2 andto byte 3 (if the byte number
chosen was 3). In the display window of the trigger conditions
the presently active byte will be framed in green.
By pressing the MENU OFF key three times all menus will be
closed, and the oscilloscope will trigger on the address and
data entered.
13.4 SPI bus
The SPI bus was developed by Motorola (today: Freescale),
however, it is not formally standardized. In general, it is a bus
with a clock and data lines and a select line. If only one master
and one slave are present, the select line may be deleted; this
is also calles SSPI (Simple SPI).
Fig. 13.5: I2C READ/WRITE trigger menu
38
Subject to change without notice
S e r i a l b u s a n a l y s i s
Fig. 13.7: Menu for the SPI bus definition
Fig. 13.8: SPI trigger menu
13.5 SPI bus definition
Triggering is possible on the FRAME START, the FRAME END
and in a preselected BIT. (Press the soft menu key BIT and use
the universal knob for the selection of the desired bit number.
For the correct decoding of a SPI bus some settings are required. The first definition pertains to the type of bus: whether
it is a 2-wire (without chip select) or a 3-wire system (with chip
select). This is done in the bus configuration menu when selecting the bus type: for a 2-wire system choose the entry SSPI, for
a 3-wire system SPI. Subsequently open the SPI configuration
menu by pressing the key CONFIGURATION.
The top soft menu key SOURCE is used to define the respective
digital channels for chip select, clock and data. (In case of a
2-wire system choose the dead time instead of a chip select
source.) Pressing this soft menu key will present one of the
three choices (the selected one will be shown with a blue background), in the menu which will open, use the universal knob
to select the input channel. (If HOO11 is installed, only analog
channels are available, if HOO10 is installed, both analog and
logic channel are allowed.)
Further trigger possibilities will become available after pressing the soft menu key SER. PATTERN, a menu will open which
allows to provide for a bit offset which may exist (values from
0 to 4095 are possible). It also permits to define the number of
bits per message (values from 1 to 32 bits are possible) and to
set each of the bits defined.
In case of the two channel units and installed HOO11 and 3 wire
SPI, the Chip select signal must be connnected to the external
trigger input.
The third soft menu key also allows (in addition to linking the
inputs to the signals) the following settings:
CS:
Chip select high or low active, the standard
is low active
CLK:
data will be stored with rising or falling slope,
rising is the standard
DATA: high or low active, high is the standard
The soft menu key BIT ORDER defines whether the data of the
messages shall start with the MSB or the LSB.
The soft menu key WORD SIZE is used to set the number of
bits of a message, use the universal knob to select any number
from 1 to 32.
13.6 SPI bus triggering
Following the bus configuration the trigger conditions have to
be defined in order to be able to trigger on various events. Press
the key TYPE in the TRIGGER area of the front panel and select
the soft menu key SERIAL BUSES. Subsequently press the key
SOURCE in the TRIGGER area and select the SPI bus. (It will only
show up if it was previously defined.) Pressing the key FILTER
in the TRIGGER area will present all possible trigger options.
Fig. 13.9: SPI data trigger menu.
The input of the serial bit stream may be binary or hexadecimal,
this will be defined with the soft menu key PATTERN INPUT. If
binary input is selected, the individual bits can be selected with
the soft menu key SELECT BIT and the universal knob. The soft
menu key VALUE is used to define whether the bit should be 0, 1
or X (don’t care). If hexadecimal input is selected, the soft menu
key VALUE and the universal knob are used to set the value of
each nibble (4 bits). The soft menu key NIBBLE switches from
nibble to nibble. The presently active nibble will be marked with
a green frame. All menus will be closed by pressing the MENU
OFF key three times. The oscilloscope will now trigger on the
bit stream defined.
13.7 UART/RS-232 bus
The UART (Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter) bus
is a general bus system and the base for many protocols. The
Subject to change without notice
39
S e r i a l b u s a n a l y s i s RS-232 protocol is one of them. It consists of a frame with a
start bit, 5 to 9 data bits, a parity bit and a stop bit. The stop
bit can assume the nominal length of a bit, 1.5 times or twice
that length.
The last setting to be performed is the dead time between
the last stop bit and the next start bit. Press the soft menu
key IDLE TIME and use the universal knob or the numerical
input for entering.
13.8 UART/RS-232 bus definition
13.9 UART/RS-232 bus triggering
In order to decode the UART bus, it is first necessary to define
which logic channel shall be connected to the data line. Open
the bus menu, select the bus type UART and then press the
soft menu key CONFIGURATION. A menu will open, press its
top soft menu key DATA SOURCE and use the universal knob to
select the channel. (If HOO11 is installed, only analog channels
are available, if HOO10 is installed, both analog and logic channel are allowed.) The soft menu key ACTIVE alternates between
high and low, the selection is marked by a blue background (for
RS-232 select low). The key SYMBOL SIZE and the universal
knob are used to select 5 to 9 bits. The key parity allows to
select no, even or odd. The last soft menu item on page 1 defines the length of the stop bit as nominal, 1.5 times or twice.
Press the key TYPE in the TRIGGER area of the front panel for
setting the trigger conditions, then press the soft menu key
SERIAL BUSES. Subsequently press the key SOURCE in the
TRIGGER area and select the UART bus. (It will only be available
if it was previously defined.) Then press the key FILTER in the
TRIGGER area, all possible trigger options will be presented. Go
to page 1 of the trigger menu for setting the trigger condition:
STARTBIT, FRAME START, the N-th SYMBOL or a special date
are offered. In order to enter a date, select the soft menu key
DATA, a menu will open in which the desired settings can be
performed.
Fig. 13.12: UART data trigger menu
Fig. 13.10: Page 1 of the UART bus definition menu.
On page 2 of the definition menu the bit rate can be chosen.
The soft menu key SYMBOL OFFSET and the universal knob are
used to select a number of symbols from 0 to 4095 following
the start bit which shall be ignored. The number of symbols
to be used can be defined with the menu item NUMBER OF
SYMBOLS as 1, 2 or 3. (The length of the symbols 5 to 9 bits
was already set when defining the bus, it is automatically taken
into account here). Select the menu item PATTERN INPUT for
the entry of the values of the symbols which may again be in
binary or hexadecimal format. If binary input is selected, the
individual bits can be selected with the soft menu key SELECT
Fig. 13.11: Page 2 of the UART bus definition menu
After pressing the soft menu key BIT RATE the universal
knob is used to select the standard symbol rates from 300 to
115200 symbols per second. If a different symbol rate should
be required, press the soft menu key USER and use the universal knob or the numerical input to enter the desired value.
40
Subject to change without notice
Fig. 13.13: Page 2 of the UART trigger menu.
R e m o t e c o n t r o l v i a i n t e r f a c e
BIT and the universal knob. With the soft menu key VALUE each
bit can be set to 0,1 or X (don’t care). If hexadecimal is selected,
use the soft menu key VALUE and the universal knob to set
the value of each symbol. The soft menu key SELECT SYMBOL
is used to switch from symbol 1 to symbol 2 and to symbol 3
(if the number of symbols was set to 3.) The presently active
byte will be identified in the display window by a green frame.
Pressing the MENU OFF key twice will close all menus, and the
oscilloscope will now trigger on the data set.
Use the respective soft menu key on page 2 of the UART trigger
filter menu to select a PARITY ERROR, a FRAME ERROR or a
BREAK as the desired trigger condition.
14 Remote control via interface
The HMO series is equipped with the interface card HO720,
which have an RS-232 and USB connection on board as a
standard.
To make any communication possible, the chosen
interface and it’s correcponding settings must be
the same in the PC as in the oscilloscope. Only exception is the virtual COM port, which is described
under the USB section.
14.1 RS-232
The RS-232 interface is made as a 9 pole D-SUB connecter. Over
this bi directional interface you can transfer settings, data and
screen dumps from an external device (PC) to the oscilloscope
or vice versa. The direct physical link between oscilloscope
and serial port of the PC can be done via an 9 pole cable with
shielding (1:1 wired). The maximal length must below 3 meter.
The exact pinning oft he plug is as follow:
Pin
2 Tx Data (data from oscilloscope to external device)
3 Rx Data (data from external device to oscilloscope)
7 CTS ready for sending
8 RTS ready for receiving
5 ground (ground reference ,due to oscilloscope
(category I)and power plug connected to earth)
9 +5 V supply voltage for external devices (max.400 mA)
The maxiaml amplitude at Tx, Rx, RTS und CTS is 12 Volt. The
standard RS-232 settings are:
8-N-2 (8 data bits,no parityt, 2 stop bits),
RTS/CTS-Hardware-protocol: none.
In order to set these parameter at the HMO,please press the
button SETUP at the front panel in the area GENERAL and hit
the soft key INTERFACE at the opened soft menu. Make sure
the RS-232 interface is chosen (blue backlighted) and then hit
the button PARAMETER. This opens a menu where you can set
and save all parameter for the RS-232 communication.
14.2 USB
All descriptions regarding the USB interface are
true for the HO720 interface card as well as for the
optional HO730 USB part. All currently available USB
driver are fully tested, functional and released for
Windows XP™ 32 Bit, Windows Vista™ or Windows
7™ both as 32Bit or 64Bit versions.
The USB interface must be chosen in the oscilloscope and does
not need any setting. At the first connection Windows ™ ask
for a driver. The driver you can find on the delivered CD or in
the internet at www.hameg.com at the download area for the
HO720/HO730. The connection can be done via the normal USB
or via the virtual COM port. The description how to install the
driver you can find in the HO720/730 manual.
If the virtual COM port will be used, you must set
USB as interface at the oscilloscope.
Subject to change without notice
41
A p p e n d i x 14.3 Ethernet (Option HO730)
The optional interface card HO730 does have a USB and Ethernet
connection. The settings of the parameter at the oscilloscope
are done after selecting ETHERNET as the interface and the
soft key PARAMETER is chosen. You can set anything including
a fix IP adress. Alternative you can chose a dynamic IP setting
via the DHCP function. Please ask your IT department for the
correct setting at your network.
If the oscilloscope does have an IP Adress you can open your
web browser and put this IP adress into the adress line (http//
xxx.xxx.xxx.xx). Since the HO730 does have a webserver integrated it will open a site with informations about the scope, the
interface and it’s setting.
Fig. 14.1: web server with device data
On the left side there are links to „Screen Data“ which make it
possible to transfer a screen dump to the PC. (Using the right
mouse click this can be transferred to the clip board for further
use. The link „ SCPI Device Control“ open a site with a console
to send remote SCPI commands to the oscilloscope.
14.4 IEEE 488.2 / GPIB (Option HO740)
The optional interface card HO740 does have a IEEE488.2
connection. The settings of the interface can be done in the
oscilloscope after chose the IEEE488 as interface and hitting
the soft key PARAMETER.
Further information you can find at the manual of the HO740 at
the download area a tour homepage www.hameg.com.
42
Subject to change without notice
A p p e n d i x
15 Appendix
15.1 List of figures
Fig. 1.1: Fig. 2.1: Fig. 2.2: Fig. 2.3: Fig. 2.4: Fig. 2.5: Fig. 2.6: Fig. 2.7: Fig. 2.8: Fig. 2.9: Fig. 2.10: Fig: 2.11: Fig: 2.12: Fig. 2.13: Fig. 2.14: Fig. 2.15: Fig. 3.1: Fig. 3.1: Fig. 3.2: Fig. 3.3: Fig. 3.4: Fig. 3.5: Fig. 3.6: Fig. 3.7: Fig. 3.8: Fig. 3.9:
Fig. 3.10: Fig. 3.11: Fig. 3.12: Fig. 3.13: Fig. 3.14: Fig. 3.15: Operating positions
Frontview of the HMO2024
Area A of the control panel.
Area B of the control panel.
Area C of the control panel
Area D of the control panel
Screen
Rear panel of the HMO2524
Selection of basic soft menu elements
Basic soft menu elements for settings
and navigation
Menu for basic settings
Updating menu and information window
Updating menu and information window
„UPGRADE“ menu.
Manual licence key input.
Successful self alignment.
6
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
10
Control panel HMO
Control panel HMO
Screen display after connection of the probe
Screen display after changing to DC coupling
Screen display after Autosetup
Area of the control panel containing the ZOOM
knob
ZOOM function
Cursor measurements
Quick View parameter measurement
Auto Measure menu
Selection of parameters
Measuring the parameters of two sources
Formula editor
Save/Recall menu
Menu Screenshots
Defining a file name
13
13
13
13
13
10
10
11
12
12
12
12
13
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
16
16
Fig. 4.2: Fig. 4.3: Fig. 4.4: Fig. 4.5: Front panel area with
vertical system controls
Short menu for the vertical settings Correct connection of the probe to the
probe adjust output
Vertical offset in the extended menu
Threshold setting and name allocation
Fig. 5.1: Fig. 5.2: Fig. 5.3: Control panel of the horizontal system
Zoom function
Marker in zoom mode
18
19
20
Fig. 6.1: Fig. 6.2: Fig. 6.3: Fig. 6.4: Fig. 6.5: Front panel control area of the trigger system
Coupling modes with slope trigger
The type B-Trigger Pulse trigger menu
Video trigger menu
20
20
21
21
22
Fig. 7.1: Drawing of the virtual screen area and
an example
Menu for setting the signal display intensities
Persistence function
Settings in the X–Y menu
Settings for the Z input
23
23
23
23
24
Fig. 4.1: Fig. 7.2: Fig. 7.3: Fig. 7.4: Fig. 7.5: Fig. 8.1: Cursor measurements selection menu
Fig. 8.2: Menu for the automatic measurements settings
Fig. 9.1: Fig. 9.2: Fig. 9.3: Fig. 9.4: Fig. 9.5: Fig. 9.6: Fig. 9.7: Mathematics short menu
Quick mathematics menu Formula editor for a set of formulas
Entering constants and units
FFT presentation
Extended FFT menu
PASS/FAIL mask test.
27
27
27
28
28
29
30
Fig. 10.1: Fig. 10.2: Fig. 10.3: Fig. 10.4: Fig. 10.5: Fig. 10.6: Fig. 10.7: Fig. 10.8: Basic menu for instrument settings
Storing instrument settings
Recalling instrument settings
Import/Export menu for instrument settings
Loading and storing of references
Menu for storing curves
Menu for screen shots
Definition of FILE/PRINT key
30
30
31
31
31
32
32
33
Fig. 11.1: Component tester at short
34
Fig. 12.1: Logic trigger menu
Fig. 12.2: Logic channels’ settings display
35
36
Fig. 13.1: Fig. 13.2: Fig. 13.3: Fig. 13.4: Fig. 13.5: Fig. 13.6: Fig. 13.7: Fig. 13.8: Fig. 13.9: Fig. 13.10: Fig. 13.11: Fig. 13.12: Fig. 13.13: 37
37
37
38
38
38
39
39
39
40
40
40
40
Bus definition menu
Menu for the selection of the decoding format
Menu for the definition of the I2C sources.
I2C message, hexadecimal decoded.
I2C READ/WRITE trigger menu
I2C data Trigger menu Menu for the SPI bus definition
SPI trigger menu
SPI data trigger menu. Page 1 of the UART bus definition menu.
Page 2 of the UART bus definition menu
UART data trigger menu
Page 2 of the UART trigger menu.
Fig. 14.1: web server with device data
16
16
15.2 Glossary
17
17
18
acquisition mode: 9
addition: 9, 14, 15, 18, 23, 27, 31, 38, 39
ADJ. output: 13
adjustment: 8, 9, 17, 18
amplitude: 23, 24, 25, 26, 29
analog channel: 17, 35
analysis functions: 27
Analyze: 8
apparent impedance: 33
arbitrary: 18
arrow buttons: 20
Auto: 14, 20, 25
AUTOMATIC: 11, 19, 23
AUTOMEASURE: 14, 25
AUTOSET: 9, 13, 14
average: 7, 19
24
25
42
A
B
bandwidth: 10, 16, 19
Base Level:: 26
bipolar: 34
Blackman: 29
BNC connector: 9, 13
Subject to change without notice
43
A p p e n d i x brightness: 23
B-Trigger: 20, 21
bus: 11, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40
bus analysis: 11, 37, 38, 39, 40
Bus Signal Source: 11
C
capacitance: 33
capacitor: 33
capturing modes: 18
component tester: 8, 9, 33, 34
COM port: 41
constants: 28
COUNT –: 26
COUNT +: 26
COUNT-/: 26
COUNT:: 25
coupling: 13, 16, 17, 21
cursor measurements: 14, 24, 25, 36
Cursor/Menu: 8, 19
CURSOR SELECT: 14, 21
curves: 9, 23, 30, 31, 32, 33
D
data manager: 12, 30, 31, 32
digital channel: 35
divisions: 9, 18, 22, 23, 27, 29
DVI connector: 9
E
envelope: 19, 29
equations: 27, 28
Ethernet: 9, 42
F
factory settings: 30
FALL TIME: 26
FFT analysis: 28
FFT display: 28, 29
FFT function: 29
FFT results: 29
FILE/PRINT: 9, 16, 33
firmware: 11, 12, 35
formula editor: 15, 27
frequency: 11, 14, 17, 21, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 36
frequency analysis: 27, 28
G
General: 8, 10, 12
glue to: 25
H
half frames: 22
Hamming: 29
Hanning: 29
hardware counter: 24, 26
help: 10, 11, 12
high pass filter: 21
Horizontal: 9, 18
horizontal positioning: 14
Horizontalsystem: 19, 20
I
IEEE-488: 9
inductance: 33
input impedance: 16
instrument settings: 8, 11, 15, 30, 31
intensity: 23, 24
44
Subject to change without notice
L
language: 9, 10, 12
level: 9, 10, 16, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 35, 37
licence key: 12, 37
LINE MIN: 22
logic channel: 35, 36, 37, 40
logic level: 35, 37
logic probes: 8, 9, 35
low pass filter: 21
M
mains safety earth: 33
mathematics function: 9
MAX. REP RATE: 19
MAX. SAMPL. RATE: 19
mean value: 15, 25, 26, 29
mean voltage: 14, 26
memory depth: 13, 19
memory location: 28
mixed-signal operation: 10
Modulation: 24
multiplication: 27
N
Negative Duty Cycle:: 26
NIBBLE: 39
Normal: 18, 19, 20
normal trigger: 9, 18
NOT-ACKNOWLEDGE: 38
NTSC: 22
O
offset: 17, 22, 38, 39
open-circuited: 33
P
PAL: 22
PASS/FAIL: 29, 30
PATTERN INPUT: 39, 40
PEAK –: 26
PEAK +: 26
PEAK LEVELS: 25
peak-to-peak voltage: 14
PEAK VALUE: 19
peak voltage: 14, 29
PERIOD: 26
Persistence: 8, 23
phase shift: 33
polarity: 20, 22, 34
Positive Duty Cycle:: 26
Probe attenuation: 17
pulse trigger: 21, 35
Pulse Width -:: 26
Pulse Width +:: 26
Q
quickview: 10, 14
Quickview mode: 29
R
RANDOM SAMPL: 19
RATIO X: 24, 36
RATIO Y: 25
reference: 8, 9, 10, 18, 21, 30, 31, 32, 35, 37
reference curves: 30, 31
reference signal: 8, 9
resistive loss: 33
rise and fall times: 14, 25
Rise-time: 15, 25, 26, 29
A p p e n d i x
RMS MEAN: 25
rms value: 14, 25, 29
Roll: 18
RS-232 interface: 41
X
S
Y-Positioning: 17
sampling rate: 9, 19
Save/Recall: 8, 15
SCL: 11
SCPI Device Control: 42
screen displays: 8, 15, 30
Screenshots: 15, 16, 32
SDA: 11
self alignment: 12, 43
emiconductors: 34
sensitivity: 16, 17
short menu: 9, 13, 15, 16, 17, 27, 31, 35, 36, 37
Signal inversion: 17
Signals: 15
signal source: 11, 13, 16
single sweep: 9
Single: 20
slope: 9, 20, 21, 26, 36, 39
soft key: 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 21, 22, 25, 32, 35
soft menu keys: 10, 21, 23, 25, 27, 36
sources: 14, 15, 21, 22, 24, 25, 27, 37
Square: 11, 27, 29
square wave signal: 11, 13
storage location: 30
subtraction: 15, 27
XY function: 23, 24
XY mode: 9
Y
Z
Z input: 24
ZOOM: 13, 14, 19, 20
T
test object: 33
TIME: 10, 11, 19, 21, 24, 26, 29, 35, 36, 40
time base: 9, 11, 13, 14, 18, 19, 23, 28, 29, 30, 31
toggle key: 29, 30, 37
Top Level:: 26
trigger conditions: 9, 18, 20, 30, 38, 39, 40
TRIGGER FREQ: 26
trigger level: 9, 21, 22, 26, 35
trigger mode: 20, 21
TRIGGER PER.: 26
trigger signal: 9, 21, 26
trigger slope: 9
trigger source: 9, 20, 26, 35
Triggersystem: 21, 22
trigger type: 9, 20, 21, 38
two-window display: 14
U
UART: 11, 12, 37, 39, 40, 41
UART/RS-232 Bus: 39, 40
universal knob: 10, 12, 15, 16, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 31,
32, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41
UPGRADE menu: 12
USB port: 8, 11, 12, 32
USB stick: 8, 11, 15, 16, 28, 30, 31, 32
user interface: 10
V
VERTICAL: 9, 17, 23, 24, 31, 35, 36, 37
vertical amplifier: 17
vertical position: 16
V-marker: 14
V MARKER: 25, 36
voltage: 7, 14, 16, 17, 24, 25, 26, 29
voltage selector: 7
Subject to change without notice
45
A p p e n d i x 46
Subject to change without notice
A p p e n d i x
Subject to change without notice
47
Oscilloscopes
Spectrum Analyzer
Power Supplies
Modular System
Series 8000
authorized dealer
43-2030-2010
41-HMOF-7XE0
*41-HMOF-7XE0*
Programmable Instruments
Series 8100
www.hameg.com
Subject to
to change
change without
without notice
notice
Subject
43-2030-2010
(5)
01042010
41-HMOF-7XE0 (2) 23092011
© HAMEG
HAMEG Instruments
Instruments GmbH
GmbH
©
A
Rohde
&
Schwarz
Company
A Rohde & Schwarz Company
DQS-Certification: DIN EN ISO 9001:2000
9001:2000
DQS-Zertifikation:
Reg.-Nr.: 071040 QM
QM
HAMEG Instruments
Instruments GmbH
GmbH
HAMEG
Industriestraße
Industriestraße 66
D-63533
Mainhausen
D-63533 Mainhausen
Tel
+49
(0)
61 82
82 800-0
800-0
Tel +49 (0) 61
Fax
+49
(0)
61
82
800-100
Fax +49 (0) 61 82 800-100
[email protected]
[email protected]
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