S L C Geometry

S L C Geometry
Student
Learning
Centre
Geometry
The term geometry is derived from the two Greek words geo and metron. It means "to measure the Earth." The great
irony is that the most basic building block in geometry, The Point, has no measurement at all.
Let’s begin by looking at points that must exist in order to have lines and planes, as lines and planes are made up of an
infinite number of points.
The five elements below all relate to each other in some way. For the most part this will be useful for those needing
help with plane figures, which are flat and have one or two dimensions. If you find these difficult to understand, look at
the real life examples.
Name
Symbol
Point
▪A
Line
AB or BA
Ray
Line
segment
AB
AB or BA
Plane ABC
Plane
C
B
A
Properties
Example
• No size or dimension
• Definite location
Point of a pen
• 1-Dimensional
• Infinite points in opposite
directions
Highway without ends
Corridor without terminations
• 1-dimensional
• Has only 1 endpoint that is part
of a line
• Infinite points in one direction
Laser stream
• 1-dimensional
• Two endpoints
• Infinite set of points
Side of a ruler
• 2-dimensional flat surface
• Infinite points in all directions
Floor without boundaries
One way you can see how points and lines are related is to notice whether points lie in a straight line.
Collinear points are points that are all on the same line. Non-collinear points are not all on the same line. In the
example below, points A, B and C are collinear and points D, E and F are non-collinear.
Geometry
10/2013 © SLC
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Student
Learning
Centre
ANGLES
Acute angle
< 90°
Right angel
= 90°
OTHER TYPES
Obtuse angle
between 90° and
180°
Straight line
= 180°
Reflex angle
> 180°
Complete turn
= 360°
OF ANGLES
Vertical opposite angles are equal
Interior angles
Exterior angles
A transversal is a line that crosses two other
lines. If the lines crossed by the transversal are
parallel, then special angle properties result.
Alternate angles are equal
Corresponding angles are equal
Co-interior angles are supplementary, meaning they add
up to 180°
STUDENT LEARNING CENTRE
REGISTRY BUILDING ANNEXE
TEL: 61-8-8201 2518
E-MAIL: [email protected]
INTERNET: http://www.flinders.edu.au/SLC
POSTAL: PO BOX 2100, ADELAIDE, SA 5001
Geometry
10/2013 @ SLC
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