Yamaha TW200N Owner`s manual

Yamaha TW200N Owner`s manual
OWNER’S MANUAL
TW200N(C)
LIT-11626-14-43
5FY-28199-13
EAU03438
EAU00002
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha TW200/TW200C. This model is the result of
Yamaha’s vast experience in the production of fine sporting, touring, and pacesetting racing
machines. It represents the high degree of craftsmanship and reliability that have made Yamaha a
leader in these fields.
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This manual will give you an understanding of the operation, inspection, and basic maintenance of
this motorcycle. If you have any questions concerning the operation or maintenance of your motorcycle, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
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The design and manufacture of this Yamaha motorcycle fully comply with the emissions standards
for clean air applicable at the date of manufacture. Yamaha has met these standards without reducing the performance or economy of operation of the motorcycle. To maintain these high standards, it
is important that you and your Yamaha dealer pay close attention to the recommended maintenance
schedules and operating instructions contained within this manual.
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EAU00003
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
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The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS
INVOLVED!
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Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe injury or death to
the motorcycle operator, a bystander or a person inspecting or repairing the
motorcycle.
cC
A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to
the motorcycle.
NOTE:
A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
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NOTE:
8 This manual should be considered a permanent part of this motorcycle and should remain
with it even if the motorcycle is subsequently sold.
8 Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while this
manual contains the most current product information available at the time of printing, there
may be minor discrepancies between your motorcycle and this manual. If you have any questions concerning this manual, please consult your Yamaha dealer.
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
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EW000000
PLEASE READ THIS MANUAL AND THE “YOU AND YOUR MOTORCYCLE: RIDING TIPS”
BOOKLET CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY BEFORE OPERATING THIS MOTORCYCLE.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO OPERATE THIS MOTORCYCLE UNTIL YOU HAVE ATTAINED ADEQUATE KNOWLEDGE OF ITS CONTROLS AND OPERATING FEATURES AND UNTIL YOU
HAVE BEEN TRAINED IN SAFE AND PROPER RIDING TECHNIQUES. REGULAR INSPECTIONS AND CAREFUL MAINTENANCE, ALONG WITH GOOD RIDING SKILLS, WILL
ENSURE THAT YOU SAFELY ENJOY THE CAPABILITIES AND THE RELIABILITY OF THIS
MOTORCYCLE.
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AFFIX DEALER
LABEL HERE
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EAU03336
TW200N(C)
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2000 by Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
1st Edition, August 2000
All rights reserved.
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan.
P/N LIT-11626-14-43
EAU00009
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1
SAFETY INFORMATION ....................................1-1
Safe riding ........................................................1-1
Protective apparel ............................................1-3
Modifications ....................................................1-3
Loading and accessories .................................1-3
Gasoline and exhaust gas ...............................1-5
Location of important labels .............................1-7
Seat..................................................................3-8
Helmet holder...................................................3-9
Shock absorber ................................................3-9
Carrier ..............................................................3-9
Luggage strap holders ...................................3-10
Sidestand .......................................................3-10
Ignition circuit cut-off system..........................3-11
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3
DESCRIPTION....................................................2-1
Left view ...........................................................2-1
Right view ........................................................2-2
Controls and instruments .................................2-3
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL
FUNCTIONS .......................................................3-1
Main switch/steering lock .................................3-1
Indicator lights ..................................................3-2
Speedometer unit.............................................3-2
Handlebar switches..........................................3-2
Clutch lever ......................................................3-4
Shift pedal ........................................................3-4
Brake lever .......................................................3-4
Brake pedal ......................................................3-5
Fuel tank cap ...................................................3-5
Fuel ..................................................................3-6
Fuel cock..........................................................3-7
Starter (choke) knob ........................................3-8
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PRE-OPERATION CHECKS ..............................4-1
Pre-operation check list ...................................4-1
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT
RIDING POINTS .................................................5-1
Starting and warming up a cold
engine ............................................................5-1
Starting a warm engine ....................................5-3
Shifting .............................................................5-3
Recommended shift points ..............................5-4
Engine break-in ................................................5-5
Parking .............................................................5-6
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6
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
MINOR REPAIR..................................................6-1
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE ............................6-1
Owner’s tool kit ................................................6-1
Periodic maintenance chart for the
emission control system.................................6-3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
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2
3
4
5
6
7
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9
General maintenance and
lubrication chart..............................................6-4
Removing and installing the
cowling and panels ........................................6-7
Checking the spark plug ..................................6-9
Canister (for California only) ..........................6-11
Engine oil and oil filter element ......................6-11
Cleaning the air filter element and
check hose ...................................................6-14
Cleaning the spark arrester............................6-16
Adjusting the carburetor .................................6-17
Adjusting the throttle cable
free play .......................................................6-18
Adjusting the valve clearance ........................6-18
Tires ...............................................................6-18
Spoke wheels.................................................6-21
Accessories and replacement parts ...............6-21
Adjusting the clutch lever free play ................6-22
Adjusting the brake lever free play.................6-23
Adjusting the brake pedal position
and free play ................................................6-23
Adjusting the rear brake light
switch ...........................................................6-25
Checking the front brake pads and
rear brake shoes ..........................................6-25
Checking the brake fluid level ........................6-26
Changing the brake fluid ................................6-27
Drive chain slack ............................................6-28
Lubricating the drive chain .............................6-29
Checking and lubricating the
cables...........................................................6-30
Checking and lubricating the throttle grip
and cable .....................................................6-31
Checking and lubricating the
brake and shift pedals..................................6-31
Checking and lubricating the
brake and clutch levers ................................6-32
Checking and lubricating the
sidestand......................................................6-32
Lubricating the rear suspension.....................6-32
Checking the front fork ...................................6-33
Checking the steering ....................................6-33
Checking the wheel bearings.........................6-34
Battery............................................................6-34
Replacing the fuse .........................................6-37
Replacing the headlight bulb..........................6-38
Replacing a turn signal light bulb ...................6-39
Replacing the tail/brake light bulb ..................6-40
Supporting the motorcycle .............................6-40
Front wheel ....................................................6-41
Rear wheel .....................................................6-42
Troubleshooting .............................................6-44
Troubleshooting chart ....................................6-45
TABLE OF CONTENTS
7
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND
STORAGE...........................................................7-1
Care .................................................................7-1
Storage ............................................................7-4
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SPECIFICATIONS ..............................................8-1
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CONSUMER INFORMATION .............................9-1
Identification numbers ......................................9-1
Key identification number.................................9-1
Vehicle identification number ...........................9-1
Model label.......................................................9-2
Reporting safety defects ..................................9-3
Motorcycle noise regulation .............................9-4
Maintenance record .........................................9-5
Street and enduro motorcycle
limited warranty ..............................................9-7
Yamaha extended service ...............................9-9
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EAU00017
Q SAFETY INFORMATION
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MOTORCYCLES ARE SINGLE TRACK VEHICLES. THEIR SAFE USE AND OPERATION ARE
DEPENDENT UPON THE USE OF PROPER RIDING TECHNIQUES AS WELL AS THE EXPERTISE OF THE OPERATOR. EVERY OPERATOR SHOULD KNOW THE FOLLOWING REQUIREMENTS BEFORE RIDING THIS MOTORCYCLE.
HE OR SHE SHOULD:
1. OBTAIN THOROUGH INSTRUCTIONS FROM A COMPETENT SOURCE ON ALL ASPECTS
OF MOTORCYCLE OPERATION.
2. OBSERVE THE WARNINGS AND MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS IN THE OWNER’S MANUAL.
3. OBTAIN QUALIFIED TRAINING IN SAFE AND PROPER RIDING TECHNIQUES.
4. OBTAIN PROFESSIONAL TECHNICAL SERVICE AS INDICATED BY THE OWNER’S MANUAL
AND/OR WHEN MADE NECESSARY BY MECHANICAL CONDITIONS.
Safe riding
1. Always make pre-operation checks. Careful checks may help prevent an accident.
2. This motorcycle is designed to carry the operator and a passenger.
3. The failure of motorists to detect and recognize motorcycles in traffic is the predominating cause
of automobile/motorcycle accidents. Many accidents have been caused by an automobile driver
who did not see the motorcycle. Making yourself conspicuous appears to be very effective in
reducing the chance of this type of accident.
Therefore:
a. Wear a brightly colored jacket.
b. Use extra caution when approaching and passing through intersections, since intersections
are the most likely places for motorcycle accidents to occur.
c. Ride where other motorists can see you. Avoid riding in another motorist’s blind spot.
1-1
Q SAFETY INFORMATION
4. Many accidents involve inexperienced operators. In fact, many operators who have been
involved in accidents do not even have a current motorcycle license.
a. Make sure that you are qualified and that you only lend your motorcycle to other qualified operators.
b. Know your skills and limits. Staying within your limits may help you to avoid an accident.
c. We recommend that you practice riding your motorcycle where there is no traffic until you have
become thoroughly familiar with the motorcycle and all of its controls.
5. Many accidents have been caused by error of the motorcycle operator. A typical error made by
the operator is veering wide on a turn due to EXCESSIVE SPEED or undercornering (insufficient
lean angle for the speed).
a. Always obey the speed limit and never travel faster than warranted by road and traffic conditions.
b. Always signal before turning or changing lanes. Make sure that other motorists can see you.
6. The posture of the operator and passenger is important for proper control.
a. The operator should keep both hands on the handlebar and both feet on the operator footrests
during operation to maintain control of the motorcycle.
b. The passenger should always hold onto the operator, the seat strap or grab bar, if equipped,
with both hands and keep both feet on the passenger footrests.
c. Never carry a passenger unless he or she can firmly place both feet on the passenger
footrests.
7. Never ride under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.
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Q SAFETY INFORMATION
Protective apparel
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The majority of fatalities from motorcycle accidents are the result of head injuries. The use of a safety
helmet is the single most critical factor in the prevention or reduction of head injuries.
1. Always wear an approved helmet.
2. Wear a face shield or goggles. Wind in your unprotected eyes could contribute to an impairment
of vision that could delay seeing a hazard.
3. The use of a jacket, heavy boots, trousers, gloves, etc., is effective in preventing or reducing
abrasions or lacerations.
4. Never wear loose-fitting clothes, otherwise they could catch on the control levers, footrests, or
wheels and cause injury or an accident.
5. Never touch the engine or exhaust system during or after operation. They become very hot and
can cause burns. Always wear protective clothing that covers your legs, ankles, and feet.
6. Passengers should also observe the precautions mentioned above.
Modifications
Modifications made to this motorcycle not approved by Yamaha, or the removal of original equipment,
may render the motorcycle unsafe for use and may cause severe personal injury. Modifications may
also make your motorcycle illegal to use.
Loading and accessories
9
Adding accessories or cargo to your motorcycle can adversely affect stability and handling if the
weight distribution of the motorcycle is changed. To avoid the possibility of an accident, use extreme
caution when adding cargo or accessories to your motorcycle. Use extra care when riding a motorcycle that has added cargo or accessories. Here are some general guidelines to follow if loading cargo
or adding accessories to your motorcycle:
1-3
Q SAFETY INFORMATION
Loading
The total weight of the operator, passenger, accessories and cargo must not exceed the maximum
load limit of 157 kg (346 lb) TW200/156 kg (344 lb) TW200C. When loading within this weight limit,
keep the following in mind:
1. Cargo and accessory weight should be kept as low and close to the motorcycle as possible.
Make sure to distribute the weight as evenly as possible on both sides of the motorcycle to minimize imbalance or instability.
2. Shifting weights can create a sudden imbalance. Make sure that accessories and cargo are
securely attached to the motorcycle before riding. Check accessory mounts and cargo restraints
frequently.
3. Never attach any large or heavy items to the handlebar, front fork, or front fender. These items,
including such cargo as sleeping bags, duffel bags, or tents, can create unstable handling or a
slow steering response.
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Accessories
Genuine Yamaha accessories have been specifically designed for use on this motorcycle. Since
Yamaha cannot test all other accessories that may be available, you must personally be responsible
for the proper selection, installation and use of non-Yamaha accessories. Use extreme caution when
selecting and installing any accessories.
7
Keep the following guidelines in mind, as well as those provided under “Loading” when mounting
accessories.
9
1. Never install accessories or carry cargo that would impair the performance of your motorcycle.
Carefully inspect the accessory before using it to make sure that it does not in any way reduce
ground clearance or cornering clearance, limit suspension travel, steering travel or control operation, or obscure lights or reflectors.
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Q SAFETY INFORMATION
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a. Accessories fitted to the handlebar or the front fork area can create instability due to improper
weight distribution or aerodynamic changes. If accessories are added to the handlebar or front
fork area, they must be as lightweight as possible and should be kept to a minimum.
b. Bulky or large accessories may seriously affect the stability of the motorcycle due to aerodynamic effects. Wind may attempt to lift the motorcycle, or the motorcycle may become unstable
in cross winds. These accessories may also cause instability when passing or being passed by
large vehicles.
c. Certain accessories can displace the operator from his or her normal riding position. This
improper position limits the freedom of movement of the operator and may limit control ability,
therefore, such accessories are not recommended.
2. Use caution when adding electrical accessories. If electrical accessories exceed the capacity of
the motorcycle’s electrical system an electric failure could result, which could cause a dangerous
loss of lights or engine power.
Gasoline and exhaust gas
1. GASOLINE IS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE:
a. Always turn the engine off when refueling.
b. Take care not to spill any gasoline on the engine or exhaust system when refueling.
c. Never refuel while smoking or in the vicinity of an open flame.
2. Never start the engine or let it run for any length of time in a closed area. The exhaust fumes are
poisonous and may cause loss of consciousness and death within a short time. Always operate
your motorcycle in an area that has adequate ventilation.
3. Always turn the engine off before leaving the motorcycle unattended and remove the key from
the main switch. When parking the motorcycle, note the following:
1-5
Q SAFETY INFORMATION
a. The engine and exhaust system may be hot, therefore, park the motorcycle in a place where
pedestrians or children are not likely to touch these hot areas.
b. Do not park the motorcycle on a slope or soft ground, otherwise it may fall over.
c. Do not park the motorcycle near a flammable source (e.g., a kerosene heater, or near an open
flame), otherwise it could catch fire.
4. When transporting the motorcycle in another vehicle, make sure that it is kept upright and that the
fuel cock(s) are turned to “ON” or “RES” (for vacuum type)/”OFF” (for manual type). If the motorcycle should lean over, gasoline may leak out of the carburetor or fuel tank.
5. If you should swallow any gasoline, inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or allow gasoline to get into
your eyes, see your doctor immediately. If any gasoline spills on your skin or clothing, immediately wash the affected area with soap and water and change your clothes.
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1-6
Q SAFETY INFORMATION
EAU02977
Location of important labels
Please read the following important labels carefully before operating this motorcycle.
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Q SAFETY INFORMATION
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q WARNING
WARNING
1
Improper loading can cause loss of control.
Read owner’s manual for proper loading.
BEFORE YOU OPERATE THIS VEHICLE, READ
THE OWNER’S MANUAL AND ALL LABELS.
ALWAYS WEAR AN APPROVED MOTORCYCLE
HELMET, eye protection, and protective clothing.
3JJ-28446-A0
2
3MX-2118K-A0
3
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q WARNING
CAUTION
This unit contains high pressure nitrogen gas.
Mishandling can cause explosion.
8 Read owner's manual for instructions.
8 Do not incinerate, puncture or open.
Read owner’s manual before servicing battery.
Electrolyte will damage metal parts or paint.
If electrolyte spills, wash area with fresh
water immediately.
Be sure to connect breather hose after
installing battery.
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TIRE INFORMATION
q WARNING
EMISSION HOSE ROUTING
CARB.
FROM
FUEL TANK
NEVER sit here.
3MX-24875-A0
5
CANISTER
TO ATMOSPHERE
4YN-21686-00
5
4AA-22259-80
3JL-28177-A0
3 CALIFORNIA ONLY
4
LOAD LIMIT
3 kg {7 lbs}
3TB-24877-A0
1-8
Cold tire normal pressure should be set as
follows.
8 Up to 90kg (198 lbs) load
FRONT : 125 kPa, {1.25 kgf/cm2}, 18 psi
REAR : 125 kPa, {1.25 kgf/cm2}, 18 psi
8 90kg (198 lbs)~maximum load
FRONT : 150 kPa, {1.50 kgf/cm2}, 22 psi
REAR : 175 kPa, {1.75 kgf/cm2}, 25 psi
3XT-21668-A0
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EAU00026
DESCRIPTION
Left view
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8 7
9
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Fuel tank cap
Fuel cock
Helmet holder
Luggage strap holders
Drive chain adjusting plate
6
(page 3-5)
(page 3-7)
(page 3-9)
(page 3-10)
(page 6-28)
5
6. Air filter element
7. Starter (choke) knob
8. Shift pedal
2-1
(page 6-14)
(page 3-8)
(page 3-4)
DESCRIPTION
Right view
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10
1
2
3
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5
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16
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
15
Carrier
Battery
Engine oil level check window
Brake pedal
Owner’s tool kit
14 13
(page 3-9)
(page 6-34)
(page 6-11)
(page 3-5, 6-23)
(page 6-1)
12
11
14. Fuse
15. Luggage strap holders
16. Spark arrester
2-2
9
(page 6-37)
(page 3-10)
(page 6-16)
DESCRIPTION
Controls and instruments
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2
3
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5
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3
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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Clutch lever
Left handlebar switches
Speedometer unit
Main switch/steering lock
Indicator lights
(page 3-4, 6-22)
(page 3-2)
(page 3-2)
(page 3-1)
(page 3-2)
6.
7.
8.
9.
2-3
Right handlebar switches
Brake lever
Throttle grip
Fuel tank cap
(page 3-3)
(page 3-4, 6-23)
(page 6-18, 6-31)
(page 3-5)
EAU00027
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
OFF
ON
a
b
To unlock the steering
Insert the key and turn it to “OFF”.
c
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EW000017
Never turn the key to “LOCK”
while the motorcycle is moving.
LOCK
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3
EAU00029
Main switch/steering lock
a. Push.
b. Release.
c. Turn.
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EAU00043
The main switch/steering lock controls the ignition and lighting systems,
and is used to lock the steering. The
various positions are described
below.
LOCK
The steering is locked, and all electrical systems are off. The key can be
removed.
EAU00032
To lock the steering
1. Turn the handlebars all the way
to the left or right.
2. Push the key in from the “OFF”
position, release it, and then turn
it to “LOCK”.
3. Remove the key.
ON
All electrical systems are supplied
with power, the headlight, meter lighting, taillight and front position lights
come on, and the engine can be
started. The key cannot be removed.
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EAU00038
OFF
All electrical systems are off. The key
can be removed.
3-1
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
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3
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1
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2
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5
3
1. Turn signal indicator light “5”
2. High beam indicator light “&”
3. Neutral indicator light “N”
EAU00056
Indicator lights
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Speedometer
Odometer
Tripmeter
Reset knob
1. Dimmer switch
2. Turn signal switch
3. Horn switch “*”
EAU00118
EAU00095
EAU00057
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
Turn signal indicator light “5”
This indicator light flashes when the
turn signal switch is pushed to the left
or right.
EAU00063
High beam indicator light “&”
This indicator light comes on when
the high beam of the headlight is
switched on.
EAU00061
Neutral indicator light “N”
This indicator light comes on when
the transmission is in the neutral
position.
Speedometer unit
The speedometer unit is equipped
with a speedometer, an odometer
and a tripmeter. The speedometer
shows riding speed. The odometer
shows the total distance traveled.
The tripmeter shows the distance
traveled since it was last set to zero
with the reset knob. The tripmeter
can be used to estimate the distance
that can be traveled with a full tank of
fuel. This information will enable you
to plan future fuel stops.
3-2
Handlebar switches
EAU00121
Dimmer switch
Set this switch to “&” for the high
beam and to “%” for the low beam.
EAU00127
Turn signal switch
To signal a right-hand turn, push this
switch to “6”. To signal a left-hand
turn, push this switch to “4”. When
released, the switch returns to the
center position. To cancel the turn
signal lights, push the switch in after
it has returned to the center position.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00129
EAU00143
Horn switch “*”
Press this switch to sound the horn.
Start switch “,”
Push this switch to crank the engine
with the starter.
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EC000005
See page 5-1 for starting instructions prior to starting the engine.
1. Engine stop switch
2. Start switch “,”
1
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4
EAU00138
Engine stop switch
Set this switch to “$” to stop the
engine in case of an emergency,
such as when the motorcycle overturns or when the throttle cable is
stuck.
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3-3
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
1
1
1
5
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3
2
N
1
2
3
4
1
1. Clutch lever
EAU00152
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Clutch lever
The clutch lever is located at the left
handlebar grip. To disengage the
clutch, pull the lever toward the handlebar grip. To engage the clutch,
release the lever. The lever should
be pulled rapidly and released slowly
for smooth clutch operation.
The clutch lever is equipped with a
clutch switch, which is part of the ignition circuit cut-off system. (See page
3-11 for an explanation of the ignition
circuit cut-off system.)
1. Shift pedal
N. Neutral
1. Brake lever
EAU00158
EAU00157
Shift pedal
The shift pedal is located on the left
side of the engine and is used in
combination with the clutch lever
when shifting the gears of the
5-speed constant-mesh transmission
equipped on this motorcycle.
3-4
Brake lever
The brake lever is located at the right
handlebar grip. To apply the front
brake, pull the lever toward the handlebar grip.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
To install the fuel tank cap
1. Insert the fuel tank cap into the
tank opening with the key inserted in the lock, and then turn the
cap 1/3 turn clockwise.
2. Turn the key 1/4 turn clockwise,
and then remove it.
a
b
1
1
1. Brake pedal
EAU00162
Brake pedal
The brake pedal is on the right side
of the motorcycle. To apply the rear
brake, press down on the brake
pedal.
1
2
3
1. Fuel tank cap
a. Unlock.
b. Turn.
EAU00177
Fuel tank cap
To remove the fuel tank cap
1. Insert the key into the lock and
turn it 1/4 turn counterclockwise.
2. Turn the fuel tank cap 1/3 turn
counterclockwise and pull it off.
NOTE:
The fuel tank cap cannot be installed
unless the key is in the lock. In addition, the key cannot be removed if the
cap is not properly installed and
locked.
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EW000023
Make sure that the fuel tank cap is
properly closed and locked before
riding.
7
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9
3-5
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
1
Immediately wipe off spilled fuel
with a clean, dry, soft cloth, since
fuel may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts.
2
1
EAU00185
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2
3
EAU00189
4
1. Filler tube
2. Fuel level
5
Fuel
EAU03753
6
7
8
9
Make sure that there is sufficient fuel
in the tank. Fill the fuel tank to the
bottom of the filler tube as shown.
w
EW000130
8 Do not overfill the fuel tank,
otherwise it may overflow
when the fuel warms up and
expands.
8 Avoid spilling fuel on the hot
engine.
Recommended fuel:
UNLEADED FUEL
Fuel tank capacity:
Total amount:
7.0 L
(1.5 Imp gal, 1.8 US gal)
Reserve amount:
1.0 L
(0.2 Imp gal, 0.3 US gal)
3-6
Your Yamaha engine has been
designed to use regular unleaded
gasoline with a pump octane number
[(R+M)/2] of 86 or higher, or a
research octane number of 91 or
higher. If knocking (or pinging)
occurs, use a gasoline of a different
brand or premium unleaded fuel. Use
of unleaded fuel will extend spark
plug life and reduce maintenance
costs. If unleaded gasoline is not
available, then leaded regular gasoline can be used.
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol:
gasohol containing ethanol and that
containing methanol. Gasohol containing ethanol can be used if the
ethanol content does not exceed
10%. Gasohol containing methanol is
not recommended by Yamaha
because it can cause damage to the
fuel system or vehicle performance
problems.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
OFF: Closed position
ON: Normal position
RES: Reserve position
RES
RES
RES
1
RES
OFF
OFF
ON
FUEL
ON
1
1
ON
1. Arrow mark positioned over “OFF”
EAU03050
Fuel cock
The fuel cock supplies fuel from the
tank to the carburetor while filtering it
also.
The fuel cock has three positions:
2
OFF
FUEL
ON
FUEL
1
1. Arrow mark positioned over “ON”
1. Arrow mark positioned over “RES”
ON
With the lever in this position, fuel
flows to the carburetor. Normal riding
is done with the lever in this position.
RES
This indicates reserve. If you run out
of fuel while riding, move the lever to
this position. Fill the tank at the first
opportunity. Be sure to set the lever
back to “ON” after refueling!
3
4
5
6
7
OFF
With the lever in this position, fuel will
not flow. Always return the lever to
this position when the engine is not
running.
8
9
3-7
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
2
1
2
1
1
b
a
1
3
4
1. Starter (choke) knob “1”
1. Bolt (×2)
EAU03032
5
6
7
8
Starter (choke) knob “1”
Starting a cold engine requires a richer air-fuel mixture, which is supplied
by the starter (choke).
Move the knob in direction a to turn
on the starter (choke).
Move the knob in direction b to turn
off the starter (choke).
EAU01092
Seat
To remove the seat
Remove the bolts, and then pull the
seat off.
1. Projection
2. Seat holder
To install the seat
1. Insert the projection
of the seat into the
as shown.
2. Place the seat in
position, and then
bolts.
on the front
seat holder
the original
tighten the
NOTE:
Make sure that the seat is properly
secured before riding.
9
3-8
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU01343
1
Shock absorber
EAU00315
w
1
1. Helmet holder
EAU00260
Helmet holder
To open the helmet holder, insert the
key into the lock, and then turn the
key as shown.
To lock the helmet holder, place it in
the original position, and then remove
the key.
w
EW000030
Never ride with a helmet attached
to the helmet holder, since the helmet may hit objects, causing loss
of control and possibly an accident.
1
This shock absorber contains
highly pressurized nitrogen gas.
For proper handling, read and
understand the following information before handling the shock
absorber. The manufacturer cannot be held responsible for property damage or personal injury that
may result from improper handling.
8 Do not tamper with or attempt
to open the gas cylinder.
8 Do not subject the shock
absorber to an open flame or
other high heat sources, otherwise it may explode due to
excessive gas pressure.
8 Do not deform or damage the
gas cylinder in any way, as
this will result in poor damping performance.
8 Always have a Yamaha dealer
service the shock absorber.
3-9
2
3
1. Carrier
4
EAU00320
Carrier
w
EW000032
8 Do not exceed the load limit of
3 kg (7 lb) for the carrier.
8 Do not exceed the maximum
load of 157 kg (346lb)/156 kg
(344 lb) (TW200C) for the vehicle.
5
6
7
8
9
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00330
1
1
2
Sidestand
The sidestand is located on the left
side of the frame. Raise the sidestand or lower it with your foot while
holding the motorcycle upright.
The motorcycle must not be ridden
with the sidestand down, or if the
sidestand cannot be properly
moved up (or does not stay up),
otherwise the sidestand could contact the ground and distract the
operator, resulting in a possible
loss of control. Yamaha’s ignition
circuit cut-off system has been
designed to assist the operator in
fulfilling the responsibility of raising the sidestand before starting
off. Therefore, check this system
regularly as described below and
have a Yamaha dealer repair it if it
does not function properly.
1
3
4
1. Luggage strap holder (×4)
EAU01493
5
Luggage strap holders
There are four luggage strap holders
below the carrier.
EW000044
w
NOTE:
The built-in sidestand switch is part of
the ignition circuit cut-off system,
which cuts the ignition in certain situations. (See further down for an
explanation of the ignition circuit cutoff system.)
6
7
8
9
3-10
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU03720
Ignition circuit cut-off
system
1
The ignition circuit cut-off system
(comprising the sidestand switch,
clutch switch and neutral switch) has
the following functions.
8 It prevents starting when the
transmission is in gear and the
sidestand is up, but the clutch
lever is not pulled.
8 It prevents starting when the
transmission is in gear and the
clutch lever is pulled, but the
sidestand is still down.
8 It cuts the running engine when
the transmission is in gear and
the sidestand is moved down.
Periodically check the operation of
the ignition circuit cut-off system
according to the following procedure.
w
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
EW000045
If a malfunction is noted, have a
Yamaha dealer check the system
before riding.
3-11
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
1
2
3
4
5
6
YES
8
NO
The neutral switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
NO
The sidestand switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
NO
The clutch switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
With the engine still running:
6. Move the sidestand up.
7. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
8. Shift the transmission into gear.
9. Move the sidestand down.
Does the engine stall?
YES
7
NOTE:
This check is most reliable if performed with
a warmed-up engine.
With the engine turned off:
1. Move the sidestand down.
2. Make sure that the engine stop switch is set to “#”.
3. Turn the key to “ON”.
4. Shift the transmission into the neutral position.
5. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?
After the engine has stalled:
10. Move the sidestand up.
11. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
12. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?
9
YES
The system is OK. The motorcycle can be ridden.
3-12
EAU01114
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
The condition of a vehicle is the owner’s responsibility. Vital components can start to deteriorate quickly and unexpectedly, even if the vehicle remains unused (for example, as a result of exposure to the elements). Any damage, fluid leakage or loss of tire air pressure could have serious consequences. Therefore, it is very important, in addition to a thorough visual inspection, to check the following points before each ride.
1
EAU03439
Pre-operation check list
ITEM
Fuel
CHECKS
• Check fuel level in fuel tank.
• Refuel if necessary.
• Check fuel line for leakage.
2
PAGE
3
3-5–3-6
4
Engine oil
• Check oil level in engine.
• If necessary, add recommended oil to specified level.
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
Front brake
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Rear brake
• Check operation.
• Check pedal free play.
• Adjust if necessary.
Clutch
•
•
•
•
Check operation.
If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
Check lever free play.
Adjust if necessary.
Check fluid level in reservoir.
If necessary, add recommended brake fluid to specified level.
Check hydraulic system for leakage.
6-11–6-14
5
6
3-4, 6-23, 6-25–6-27
7
8
3-5, 6-23–6-26
9
Check operation.
Lubricate cable if necessary.
Check lever free play.
Adjust if necessary.
3-4, 6-22
4-1
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
ITEM
CHECKS
1
Throttle grip
•
•
•
•
2
Control cables
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate if necessary.
Drive chain
•
•
•
•
Check chain slack.
Adjust if necessary.
Check chain condition.
Lubricate if necessary.
6-28–6-30
Wheels and tires
•
•
•
•
Check for damage.
Check tire condition and tread depth.
Check air pressure.
Correct if necessary.
6-18–6-21
6
Brake and shift pedals
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate pedal pivoting points if necessary.
6-31
7
Brake and clutch levers
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate lever pivoting points if necessary.
6-32
Sidestand
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate pivot if necessary.
6-32
Chassis fasteners
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened.
• Tighten if necessary.
Instruments, lights,
signals and switches
• Check operation.
• Correct if necessary.
3
4
5
8
9
Make sure that operation is smooth.
Lubricate throttle grip, housing and cables if necessary.
Check free play.
If necessary, have Yamaha dealer make adjustment.
PAGE
6-18, 6-31
6-30
—
3-2–3-3, 6-38–6-40
4-2
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
ITEM
CHECKS
ep19a0y
Sidestand switch
• Check operation of ignition circuit cut-off system.
• If system is defective, have Yamaha dealer check vehicle.
ep20a0y
Battery
• Check fluid level.
• Fill with distilled water if necessary.
PAGE
3-10
1
6-34–6-37
2
NOTE:
Pre-operation checks should be made each time the motorcycle is used. Such an inspection can be accomplished in a
very short time; and the added safety it assures is more than worth the time involved.
3
4
EWA00033
w
If any item in the Pre-operation check list is not working properly, have it inspected and repaired before operating the motorcycle.
5
6
7
8
9
4-3
EAU00372
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
w
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
EAU00373
8 Become thoroughly familiar
with all operating controls and
their functions before riding.
Consult a Yamaha dealer
regarding any control or function that you do not thoroughly understand.
8 Never start the engine or operate it in a closed area for any
length of time. Exhaust fumes
are poisonous, and inhaling
them can cause loss of consciousness and death within a
short time. Always make sure
that there is adequate ventilation.
8 Before starting out, make sure
that the sidestand is up. If the
sidestand is not raised completely, it could contact the
ground and distract the operator, resulting in a possible loss
of control.
EAU00376
cC
8 Make sure not to store personal items near the air cleaner
intake, otherwise air intake will
be blocked and performance
will suffer.
8 Make sure not to put anything
near the battery and its terminals, otherwise electrical failure and acid corrosion may
result.
EAU01751
Starting and warming up a
cold engine
In order for the ignition circuit cut-off
system to enable starting, one of the
following conditions must be met:
8 The transmission is in the neutral
position.
8 The transmission is in gear with
the clutch lever pulled and the
sidestand up.
w
EW000054
8 Before starting the engine,
check the function of the ignition circuit cut-off system
according to the procedure
described on page 3-12.
8 Never ride with the sidestand
down.
5-1
EAU00372
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
4. Turn the starter (choke) on and
completely close the throttle.
(See page 3-8 for starter (choke)
operation.)
5. Start the engine by pushing the
start switch.
RES
OFF
ON
ON
FUEL
1
1. Arrow mark positioned over “ON”
1. Turn the fuel cock lever to “ON”.
2. Turn the key to “ON” and make
sure that the engine stop switch
is set to “#”.
3. Shift the transmission into the
neutral position.
NOTE:
When the transmission is in the neutral position, the neutral indicator light
should be on, otherwise have a
Yamaha dealer check the electrical
circuit.
NOTE:
If the engine fails to start, release the
start switch, wait a few seconds, and
then try again. Each starting attempt
should be as short as possible to preserve the battery. Do not crank the
engine more than 10 seconds on any
one attempt.
6. After starting the engine, move
the starter (choke) knob back
halfway.
ECA00055
cC
For maximum engine life, always
warm the engine up before starting
off. Never accelerate hard when
the engine is cold!
5-2
7. When the engine is warm, turn
the starter (choke) off.
1
NOTE:
The engine is warm when it responds
normally to the throttle with the starter
(choke) turned off. To avoid the possibility of excessive exhaust emissions, never leave the starter (choke)
on longer than necessary. The time
necessary for starter (choke) use
depends upon the ambient temperature. Temperatures above 10 °C
(50 °F) require about 7 seconds of
starter (choke) use and temperatures
below 10 °C (50 °F) require about 35
seconds with the starter (choke)
turned on, then about 2.5 minutes
with the starter (choke) in the halfway
position.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU01258
cC
Starting a warm engine
1
2
Follow the same procedure as for
starting a cold engine with the exception that the starter (choke) is not
required when the engine is warm.
5
4
3
2
N
1
1
3
4
1. Shift pedal
N. Neutral position
5
Shifting
EAU00423
6
7
Shifting gears lets you control the
amount of engine power available for
starting off, accelerating, climbing
hills, etc.
The gear positions are shown in the
illustration.
8
9
NOTE:
To shift the transmission into the neutral position, press the shift pedal
down repeatedly until it reaches the
end of its travel, and then slightly
raise it.
5-3
EC000048
8 Even with the transmission in
the neutral position, do not
coast for long periods of time
with the engine off, and do not
tow the motorcycle for long
distances. The transmission is
properly lubricated only when
the
engine
is
running.
Inadequate lubrication may
damage the transmission.
8 Always use the clutch while
changing gears to avoid damaging the engine, transmission, and drive train, which are
not designed to withstand the
shock of forced shifting.
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU02988
EAU00427
To start out and accelerate
1. Pull the clutch lever to disengage
the clutch.
2. Shift the transmission into first
gear. The neutral indicator light
should go out.
3. Open the throttle gradually, and
at the same time, release the
clutch lever slowly.
4. At the recommended shift points
shown in the table, close the
throttle, and at the same time,
quickly pull the clutch lever in.
5. Shift the transmission into second gear. (Make sure not to shift
the transmission into the neutral
position.)
6. Open the throttle part way and
gradually release the clutch
lever.
7. Follow the same procedure when
shifting to the next higher gear.
To decelerate
1. Apply both the front and the rear
brakes to slow the motorcycle.
2. Shift the transmission into first
gear when the motorcycle reaches 20 km/h (12.5 mi/h). If the
engine is about to stall or runs
very roughly, pull the clutch lever
in and use the brakes to stop the
motorcycle.
3. Shift the transmission into the
neutral position when the motorcycle is almost completely
stopped. The neutral indicator
light should come on.
EAU02974
Recommended shift points
The recommended shift points during
acceleration and deceleration are
shown in the table below.
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
→
→
→
→
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
Acceleration
shift point
km/h (mi/h)
Deceleration
shift point
km/h (mi/h)
15 (9.3)
20 (12.5)
30 (18.6)
40 (24.9)
20 (12.5)
20 (12.5)
20 (12.5)
20 (12.5)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
NOTE:
Always shift gears at the recommended shift points.
5-4
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU00436
Engine break-in
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
There is never a more important period in the life of your engine than the
period between 0 and 1,000 km
(600 mi). For this reason, you should
read the following material carefully.
Since the engine is brand new, do
not put an excessive load on it for the
first 1,000 km (600 mi). The various
parts in the engine wear and polish
themselves to the correct operating
clearances. During this period, prolonged full-throttle operation or any
condition that might result in engine
overheating must be avoided.
EAU03731
0–150 km (0–90 mi)
8 Avoid prolonged operation above
1/3 throttle.
8 After every hour of operation,
stop the engine, and then let it
cool for five to ten minutes.
8 Vary the engine speed from time
to time. Do not operate the
engine at one set throttle position.
150–500 km (90–300 mi)
8 Avoid prolonged operation above
1/2 throttle.
8 Rev the engine freely through
the gears, but do not use full
throttle at any time.
8
9
500–1,000 km (300–600 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 3/4
throttle.
5-5
cC
ECA00077
After 1,000 km (600 mi) of operation, the engine oil must be
changed, the oil filter element
cleaned, and the oil strainer
cleaned.
1,000 km (600 mi) and beyond
Avoid prolonged full-throttle operation. Vary the speed occasionally.
cC
EC000049
If any engine trouble should occur
during the engine break-in period,
immediately have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
RES
1
OFF
ON
2
FUEL
1
3
1. Arrow mark positioned over “OFF”
4
EAU00457
Parking
5
When parking, stop the engine,
remove the key from the main switch,
and then turn the fuel cock lever to
“OFF”.
w
6
EW000058
7
8 Since the engine and exhaust
system can become very hot,
park in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely
to touch them.
8 Do not park on a slope or on
soft ground, otherwise the
motorcycle may overturn.
8
9
5-6
EAU00462
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01790
6
Safety is an obligation of the owner.
Periodic inspection, adjustment and
lubrication will keep your vehicle in
the safest and most efficient condition possible. The most important
points of motorcycle inspection,
adjustment, and lubrication are
explained on the following pages.
Maintenance,
replacement,
or
repair of the emission control
devices and systems may be performed by any repair establishment or individual that is certified
(if applicable).
7
w
1
2
3
4
5
8
9
EW000060
If you are not familiar with motorcycle maintenance work, have a
Yamaha dealer do it for you.
EAU00467
1
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
PROPER
PERIODIC
MAINTENANCE OF YOUR MOTORCYCLE
IS IMPORTANT IN ORDER TO
ENJOY
LONG,
PLEASURABLE
SERVICE. ESPECIALLY IMPORTANT ARE THE MAINTENANCE
SERVICES RELATED TO EMISSIONS CONTROL. THESE CONTROLS NOT ONLY FUNCTION TO
ENSURE CLEANER AIR, BUT ARE
ALSO VITAL TO PROPER ENGINE
OPERATION AND MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE. IN THE FOLLOWING
PERIODIC
MAINTENANCE
CHARTS, THE SERVICES RELATED TO EMISSIONS CONTROL ARE
GROUPED SEPARATELY. THESE
SERVICES REQUIRE SPECIALIZED
DATA, KNOWLEDGE, AND EQUIPMENT. YAMAHA DEALERS ARE
TRAINED AND EQUIPPED TO PERFORM THESE PARTICULAR SERVICES.
6-1
1. Owner’s tool kit
EAU01175
Owner’s tool kit
The owner’s tool kit is located behind
panel B. (See page 6-8 for panel
removal and installation procedures.)
The service information included in
this manual and the tools provided in
the owner’s tool kit are intended to
assist you in the performance of preventive maintenance and minor
repairs. However, additional tools
such as a torque wrench may be necessary to perform certain maintenance work correctly.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
NOTE:
If you do not have the tools or experience required for a particular job,
have a Yamaha dealer perform it for
you.
w
1
2
EW000063
3
Modifications not approved by
Yamaha may cause loss of performance and render the vehicle
unsafe for use. Consult a Yamaha
dealer before attempting any
changes.
4
5
6
7
8
9
6-2
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00471
Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system
1
2
NO.
ITEM
1 * Valve clearance
3
2
Spark plug
4
3 * Fuel line
5
4 * Exhaust system
6
5
Spark arrester
6 * Idle speed
7
8
9
Evaporative
7 * emission control
system**
ROUTINE
INITIAL
ODOMETER READINGS
600 mi
4,000 mi
7,000 mi
10,000 mi
13,000 mi
(1,000 km) or (6,000 km) or (11,000 km) or (16,000 km) or (21,000 km) or
1 month
6 month
12 month
18 month
24 month
9 Check and adjust valve clearance
when engine is cold.
9 Check condition.
9 Adjust gap and clean.
9 Replace at 11,000 km (or 12 months)
and thereafter every
10,000 km (or 12 months).
9 Check fuel hose for crack or damage.
9 Replace if necessary.
9 Check for leakage.
9 Retighten if necessary.
9 Replace gaskets if necessary.
9 Clean.
9 Check and adjust engine idle speed.
9 Adjust cable free play.
9 Check control system
for damage.
9 Replace if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
√
Replace
√
Replace
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.
** California type only.
NOTE:
From 16,000 mi (26,000 km) or 30 months, repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 4,000 mi (6,000 km) or
6 months.
6-3
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00472
General maintenance and lubrication chart
NO.
1
ITEM
Engine oil
2 * Oil filter/Strainer
3 * Air filter
4 * Brake system
5 * Clutch
6
Drive chain
ROUTINE
9 Warm-up engine
before draining.
9 Clean filter element
and oil strainer.
9 Replace oil filter and
strainer if damaged.
9 Wet type filter must
be washed and
damped with oil.
9 Adjust free play.
9 Check fluid leakage.
(Front)
(see NOTE page 6-6)
9 Correct if necessary.
9 Replace pads if
necessary.(Front)
9 Replace shoes
if necessary.(Rear)
9 Adjust free play.
9 Check chain condition.
9 Adjust and lubricate
chain thoroughly.
INITIAL
ODOMETER READINGS
600 mi
4,000 mi
7,000 mi
10,000 mi
13,000 mi
(1,000 km) or (6,000 km) or (11,000 km) or (16,000 km) or (21,000 km) or
1 month
6 month
12 month 18 month 24 month
TYPE
See page 8-1.
√
—
√
Yamaha foam air filter
oil or othe quality air filter
oil
√
√
√
√
√
√
1
2
3
4
√
√
√
√
√
5
6
√
—
√
√
√
√
7
√
—
Special O-ring chain
lubricant
6-4
√
√
√
√
8
Every 300 mi (500 km)
9
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
NO.
ITEM
ROUTINE
7
Control and
meter cable
9 Apply chain lube
throughly.
8 *
Rear arm pivot
shaft
9 Apply until new grease
shows.
9
Brake/Clutch lever
pivot shaft
9 Apply chain lube
lightly.
10
Brake pedal and
shift pedal shaft
1
2
3
4
5
11 * Sidestand pivots
6
12 * Front fork
7
13 * Steering bearings
8
14 * Wheel bearings
9
15
Battery
16 * Sidestand switch
9 Lubricate.
9 Apply chain lube
lightly.
9 Check operation and
lubricate.
9 Apply chain lube lightly.
9 Check operation and
leakage.
9 Check bearings
assembly for looseness.
9 Moderately repack every
10,000 mi (16,000 km)
9 Check bearings for
smooth rotation.
9 Check specific gravity.
9 Check that the
breather pipe is working
properly.
9 Correct if necessary.
9 Check and clean or
replace if necessary.
INITIAL
ODOMETER READINGS
600 mi
4,000 mi
7,000 mi
10,000 mi
13,000 mi
(1,000 km) or (6,000 km) or (11,000 km) or (16,000 km) or (21,000 km) or
1 month
6 month
12 month 18 month 24 month
TYPE
Yamaha chain and
cable lube or engine
oil.
Lithium-soap-based
grease. (all-purpose
grease)
Lithium-soap-based
grease (all-purpose
grease)
Lithium-soap-based
grease (all-purpose
grease)
Lithium-soap-based
grease (all-purpose
grease)
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
Repack
√
—
√
√
√
√
—
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
—
Medium weight wheel
bearing grease.
√
—
* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.
6-5
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
NOTE:
From 16,000 mi (26,000 km) or 30 months, repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 4,000 mi (6,000 km) or
6 months.
1
EAU03057
NOTE:
8 The air filter needs more frequent service if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
8 Hydraulic brake system
9 When disassembling the master cylinder or caliper cylinder, always replace the brake fluid. Check the brake fluid
level regularly and fill as required.
9 Replace the oil seals on the inner parts of the master cylinder and caliper cylinder every two years.
9 Replace the brake hoses every four years or if cracked or damaged.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
6-6
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
2
1
1
2
1
3
4
1. Cowling A
2. Panel A
1. Panel B
1. Screw
EAU01145
EAU03516
5
6
7
8
Cowling A
To remove the cowling
Remove the screw, and then pull the
cowling off as shown.
Removing and installing the
cowling and panels
The cowling and panels shown above
need to be removed to perform some
of the maintenance jobs described in
this chapter. Refer to this section
each time the cowling or a panel
needs to be removed and installed.
To install the cowling
Place the cowling in the original position, and then install the screw.
9
6-7
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
2
1
2
1
1. Panel A
2. Screw (×2)
3
1. Panel B
EAU01492
Panel A
To remove the panel
Remove the screws, and then pull
the panel out at the area shown.
To install the panel
Place the panel in the original position, and then install the screws.
4
EAU00494
Panel B
To remove the panel
Pull the panel off as shown.
5
6
7
8
9
6-8
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01833
Checking the spark plug
1
2
3
4
5
To install the panel
Place the panel in the original position.
The spark plug is an important
engine component, which is easy to
check. Since heat and deposits will
cause any spark plug to slowly erode,
the spark plug should be removed
and checked in accordance with the
periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart. In addition, the condition of the
spark plug can reveal the condition of
the engine.
6
7
8
9
6-9
1
1. Spark plug wrench
To remove the spark plug
1. Remove the spark plug cap.
2. Remove the spark plug as
shown, with the spark plug
wrench included in the owner’s
tool kit.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
To check the spark plug
1. Check that the porcelain insulator around the center electrode
of the spark plug is a medium-tolight tan (the ideal color when the
motorcycle is ridden normally).
NOTE:
If the spark plug shows a distinctly
different color, the engine could be
defective. Do not attempt to diagnose
such problems yourself. Instead,
have a Yamaha dealer check the
motorcycle.
2. Check the spark plug for electrode erosion and excessive carbon or other deposits, and
replace it if necessary.
Specified spark plug:
DR8EA (NGK) or
X24ESR-U (DENSO)
Tightening torque:
Spark plug:
17.5 Nm
(1.75 m·kg, 12.5 ft·lb)
a
1
2
a. Spark plug gap
To install the spark plug
1. Measure the spark plug gap with
a wire thickness gauge and, if
necessary, adjust the gap to
specification.
NOTE:
If a torque wrench is not available
when installing a spark plug, a good
estimate of the correct torque is
1/4–1/2 turn past finger tight.
However, the spark plug should be
tightened to the specified torque as
soon as possible.
4. Install the spark plug cap.
Spark plug gap:
0.6–0.7 mm (0.02–0.03 in)
2. Clean the surface of the spark
plug gasket and its mating surface, and then wipe off any grime
from the spark plug threads.
3. Install the spark plug with the
spark plug wrench, and then
tighten it to the specified torque.
6-10
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU03936
Engine oil and oil filter
element
1
1
2
2
4
5
1.
2.
3.
4.
3
Rollover valve
Carburetor
Canister
Vent hose
EAU01796
Canister (for California only)
6
7
8
9
2
3
The engine oil level should be
checked before each ride. In addition,
the oil must be changed and the oil
filter element cleaned at the intervals
specified in the periodic maintenance
and lubrication chart.
4
3
1
This model is equipped with a canister to prevent the discharging of fuel
vapor into the atmosphere.
8 Check each hose connection.
8 Check each hose and canister
for cracks or damage. Replace if
damaged.
8 Make sure the vent hose is not
blocked. Clean it if necessary.
To check the engine oil level
1. Place the motorcycle on a level
surface and hold it in an upright
position.
NOTE:
Make sure that the motorcycle is
positioned straight up when checking
the oil level. A slight tilt to the side
can result in a false reading.
2. Start the engine, warm it up for
several minutes, and then turn it
off.
6-11
1. Engine oil level check window
2. Maximum level mark
3. Minimum level mark
3. Wait a few minutes until the oil
settles, and then check the oil
level through the check window
located at the bottom-right side
of the crankcase.
NOTE:
The engine oil should be between the
minimum and maximum level marks.
4. If the engine oil is below the minimum level mark, add sufficient
oil of the recommended type to
raise it to the correct level.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
3
1
1
1
2
2
1
1. Engine oil filler cap
1. Engine oil drain bolt
To change the engine oil (with or
without oil filter element cleaning)
1. Start the engine, warm it up for
several minutes, and then turn it
off.
2. Place an oil pan under the
engine to collect the used oil.
3. Remove the engine oil filler cap
and drain bolt to drain the oil
from the crankcase.
3
1. O-ring
2. Spring
3. Oil strainer
cC
4
EC000070
When removing the engine oil
drain bolt, the O-ring, spring, and
oil strainer will fall out. Take care
not to lose these parts.
5
6
7
8
9
6-12
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
9. Install the oil filter element cover
by installing the bolts and the
drain bolt, then tightening them
to the specified torques.
1
1
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
2
3
1. Oil filter element cover
2. Bolt (×2)
3. Oil filter element drain bolt
4. Remove the oil filter element
drain bolt to drain the oil from the
oil filter element.
NOTE:
Skip steps 5–9 if the oil filter element
is not being cleaned.
1. Oil filter element
2. O-ring (×2)
5. Remove the oil filter element
cover by removing the bolts.
6. Remove the oil filter element and
O-rings.
7. Check the O-ring for damage
and replace it if necessary.
8. Clean the oil filter element with
solvent, and then install it.
NOTE:
Check the oil filter element for damage and replace it if necessary.
6-13
Tightening torques:
Oil filter element cover bolt:
10 Nm (1.0 m·kg, 7.2 ft·lb)
Oil filter element drain bolt:
10 Nm (1.0 m·kg, 7.2 ft·lb)
NOTE:
Make sure that the O-rings are properly seated.
10. Clean the oil strainer with solvent, and then check it for damage and replace it if necessary.
11. Install the oil strainer, spring, Oring and engine oil drain bolt,
and then tighten the drain bolt to
the specified torque.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Tightening torque:
Engine oil drain bolt:
43 Nm (4.3 m·kg, 31 ft·lb)
12. Add the specified amount of the
recommended engine oil, and
then install and tighten the oil
filler cap.
Recommended engine oil:
See page 8-1.
Oil quantity:
Without oil filter element
removal:
1.0 L (0.9 Imp qt, 1.1 US qt)
With oil filter element removal:
1.1 L (1.0 Imp qt, 1.2 US qt)
Total amount (dry engine):
1.3 L (1.1 Imp qt, 1.4 US qt)
EC000072
cC
8 In order to prevent clutch slippage (since the engine oil also
lubricates the clutch), do not
mix any chemical additives
with the oil or use oils of a
higher grade than “CD”. In
addition, do not use oils
labeled “ENERGY CONSERVING II” or higher.
8 Make sure that no foreign
material enters the crankcase.
13. Start the engine, and then let it
idle for several minutes while
checking it for oil leakage. If oil is
leaking, immediately turn the
engine off and check for the
cause.
14. Turn the engine off, and then
check the oil level and correct it if
necessary.
6-14
EAU03789*
Cleaning the air filter
element and check hose
The air filter element should be
cleaned at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. Clean the air filter element
more frequently if you are riding in
unusually wet or dusty areas. In addition, the air filter check hose must be
frequently checked and cleaned if
necessary.
To clean the air filter element
1. Remove panel A. (See page 6-8
for panel removal and installation
procedures.)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
1
2
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
1. Air filter case cover
2. Screw (×4)
2. Remove the air filter case cover
by removing the screws.
1
2
1. Sponge material
2. Air filter element frame
3. Pull the air filter element out.
4. Remove the sponge material
from the air filter element frame,
clean it with solvent, and then
squeeze the remaining solvent
out.
5. Apply oil of the recommended
type to the entire surface of the
sponge material, and then
squeeze the excess oil out.
NOTE:
The sponge material should be wet
but not dripping.
8
Recommended oil:
Yamaha foam air filter oil or
other quality air filter oil
9
6. Pull the sponge material over the
air filter element frame.
7. Insert the element into the air filter case.
6-15
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
cC
EC000082
8 Make sure that the air filter element is properly seated in the
air filter case.
8 The engine should never be
operated without the air filter
element installed, otherwise
the piston(s) and/or cylinder(s)
may
become
excessively
worn.
8. Install the air filter case cover by
installing the screws.
9. Install the panel.
EAU01549
Cleaning the spark arrester
The spark arrester should be cleaned
at the intervals specified in the
Periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart.
1
1. Air filter check hose
To clean the air filter check hose
1. Check the hose at the bottom of
the air filter case for accumulated
dirt or water.
2. If dirt or water is visible, remove
the hose, clean it, and then
install it.
w
1
2
EWA00007
8 Always let the exhaust system
cool prior to touching exhaust
components.
8 Do not start the engine when
cleaning the exhaust system.
NOTE:
Make sure to select a well-ventilated
area free of combustible materials to
clean the spark arrester.
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
6-16
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01752
Adjusting the carburetor
1
1
2
1
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
2
1. Muffler
2. Screw
1. Remove the tailpipe by removing
the screw, and then pulling it out
of the muffler.
2
1. Tailpipe
2. Spark arrester
2. Tap the tailpipe lightly, and then
use a wire brush to remove any
carbon deposits from the spark
arrester portion of the tailpipe.
3. Insert the tailpipe into the muffler, and then install and tighten
the screw.
NOTE:
Make sure to align the screw holes
when inserting the tailpipe.
6-17
The carburetor is an important part of
the engine and its emission control
system, which requires very sophisticated adjustment. Therefore, carburetor adjustments should be left to
Yamaha dealer, who has the necessary professional knowledge and
experience.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00637
Adjusting the valve
clearance
a
a. Free play
EAU00635
The valve clearance changes with
use, resulting in improper air-fuel mixture and/or engine noise. To prevent
this from occurring, the valve clearance must be adjusted by a Yamaha
dealer at the intervals specified in the
periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart.
Adjusting the throttle cable
free play
EAU03790
Tires
To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your
motorcycle, note the following points
regarding the specified tires.
Tire air pressure
The tire air pressure should be
checked and, if necessary, adjusted
before each ride.
w
6-18
2
3
4
EW000082
8 The tire air pressure must be
checked and adjusted on cold
tires (i.e., when the temperature of the tires equals the
ambient temperature).
8 The tire air pressure must be
adjusted in accordance with
the riding speed and with the
total weight of rider, passenger, cargo, and accessories
approved for this model.
The throttle cable free play should
measure 2–5 mm (0.08–0.20 in) at
the throttle grip. Periodically check
the throttle cable free play and, if
necessary, have a Yamaha dealer
adjust it.
1
5
6
7
8
9
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Tire air pressure
(measured on cold tires)
Load*
Front
Rear
1
125 kPa
125 kPa
Up to 90 kg (198 lbs) (1.25 kgf/cm2, (1.25 kgf/cm2,
18 psi)
18 psi)
2
90 kg (198 lbs)–
maximum
150 kPa
175 kPa
(1.50 kgf/cm2, (1.75 kgf/cm2,
25 psi)
25 psi)
Maximum load*
157 kg (346 lb) TW200
156 kg (344 lb) TW200C
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
EW000087
w
* Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and
accessories
Proper loading of your motorcycle
is important for several characteristics of your motorcycle; such as
handling, braking, performance
and safety. Do not carry loosely
packed items that can shift.
Securely pack your heaviest items
close to the center of the motorcycle, and distribute the weight evenly from side to side. Check the
condition and pressure of your
tires. NEVER OVERLOAD YOUR
MOTORCYCLE. Make sure the total
weight of the cargo, rider, passenger, and accessories (fairing, saddlebags, etc. if approved for this
model) does not exceed the maximum load of the motorcycle.
Operation of an overloaded motorcycle could cause tire damage, an
accident, or even injury.
6-19
a
2
1
1. Side wall
2. Wear indicator
a. Tread depth
Tire inspection
The tires must be checked before
each ride. If the tire shows crosswise
lines (minimum tread depth), if the
tire has a nail or glass fragments in it,
or if the sidewall is cracked, have a
Yamaha dealer replace the tire immediately.
Minimum tire tread depth
(front and rear)
1.0 mm (0.04 in)
NOTE:
The tire tread depth limits may differ
from country to country. Always comply with the local regulations.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
w
EW000079
8 Have a Yamaha dealer replace
excessively
worn
tires.
Besides being illegal, operating the motorcycle with excessively worn tires decreases
riding stability and can lead to
loss of control.
8 The replacement of all wheeland
brake-related
parts,
including the tires, should be
left to a Yamaha dealer, who
has the necessary professional knowledge and experience.
Tire information
This motorcycle is equipped with tube
tires.
EW000078
w
8 The front and rear tires should
be of the same make and
design, otherwise the handling
characteristics of the motorcycle cannot be guaranteed.
8 After extensive tests, only the
tires listed below have been
approved for this model by
Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
FRONT
Manufacturer
Size
Model
BRIDGESTONE
130/80-18 66P
TW31
REAR
Manufacturer
Size
BRIDGESTONE 180/80-14M/C 78P
6-20
Model
TW34
w
EAU00680
8 It is dangerous to ride with a
worn-out tire. When a tire
tread begins to show crosswise lines, have a Yamaha
dealer replace the tire immediately.
8 The replacement of all wheeland
brake-related
parts,
including the tires, should be
left to a Yamaha dealer, who
has the necessary professional knowledge and experience.
8 It is not recommended to
patch a punctured tube. If
unavoidable, however, patch
the tube very carefully and
replace it as soon as possible
with a high-quality product.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00685
Spoke wheels
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your
motorcycle, note the following points
regarding the specified wheels.
8 The wheel rims should be
checked for cracks, bends or
warpage, and the spokes for
looseness or damage before
each ride. If any damage is
found, have a Yamaha dealer
replace the wheel. Do not
attempt even the smallest repair
to the wheel. A deformed or
cracked wheel must be replaced.
8 The wheel should be balanced
whenever either the tire or wheel
has been changed or replaced.
An unbalanced wheel can result
in poor performance, adverse
handling characteristics, and a
shortened tire life.
8 Ride at moderate speeds after
changing a tire since the tire surface must first be “broken in” for
it to develop its optimal characteristics.
EAU00691
Accessories and replacement parts
EW000098
w
This motorcycle is not designed to
pull a trailer or to be attached to a
sidecar. The accessories or
replacement parts you choose for
your
motorcycle
should
be
designed specifically for this
model, and they must be securely
mounted to maintain the inherent
stability of the original design.
Genuine
Yamaha
Parts
and
Accessories are designed and
tested to be compatible with your
motorcycle.
Please
consider
Genuine
Yamaha
Parts
and
Accessories before making a purchase.
Use
of
non-Yamahaapproved accessories or replacement parts may cause loss of
handling stability and riding safety. Since Yamaha cannot control
the quality of accessories or parts
6-21
manufactured by other companies,
Yamaha cannot be held liable for
any consequences caused by the
use of items which have not been
approved by Yamaha.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
3. If the specified clutch lever free
play could be obtained as
described above, tighten the
locknut and skip the rest of the
procedure, otherwise proceed as
follows.
4. Fully turn the adjusting bolt at the
clutch lever in direction a to
loosen the clutch cable.
1 a
c
b
2
1. Locknut (clutch lever)
2. Adjusting bolt
c. Free play
a
2
1
b
1. Locknut (crankcase)
2. Adjusting nut
5. Loosen the locknut at the
crankcase.
6. To increase the clutch lever free
play, turn the adjusting nut in
direction a. To decrease the
clutch lever free play, turn the
adjusting nut in direction b.
7. Tighten the locknut at the clutch
lever and the crankcase.
EAU00694
Adjusting the clutch lever
free play
The clutch lever free play should
measure 10–15 mm (0.40–0.60 in) as
shown. Periodically check the clutch
lever free play and, if necessary,
adjust it as follows.
1. Loosen the locknut at the clutch
lever.
2. To increase the clutch lever free
play, turn the adjusting bolt in
direction a. To decrease the
clutch lever free play, turn the
adjusting bolt in direction b.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
6-22
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
c
1 2
1
b
2
a
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1. Locknut
2. Adjusting bolt
c. Free play
EAU00696
Adjusting the brake lever
free play
The brake lever free play should
measure 2–5 mm (0.08–0.20 in) as
shown. Periodically check the brake
lever free play and, if necessary,
adjust it as follows.
1. Loosen the locknut at the brake
lever.
2. To increase the brake lever free
play, turn the adjusting bolt in
direction a. To decrease the
brake lever free play, turn the
adjusting bolt in direction b.
3. Tighten the locknut.
EW000099
w
8 After adjusting the brake lever
free play, check the free play
and make sure that the brake
is working properly.
8 A soft or spongy feeling in the
brake lever can indicate the
presence of air in the
hydraulic system. If there is air
in the hydraulic system, have
a Yamaha dealer bleed the
system before operating the
motorcycle.
Air
in
the
hydraulic system will diminish
the
braking
performance,
which may result in loss of
control and an accident.
c
a
1
b
2
1. Locknut
2. Adjusting bolt
c. Brake pedal position
EAU00707
Adjusting the brake pedal
position and free play
w
EW000104
It is advisable to have a Yamaha
dealer make these adjustments.
Brake pedal position
The top of the brake pedal should be
positioned approximately 15 mm
(0.6 in) below the top of the footrest.
Periodically check the brake pedal
position and, if necessary, adjust it as
follows.
6-23
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1. Loosen the locknut at the brake
pedal.
2. To raise the brake pedal, turn the
adjusting bolt in direction a. To
lower the brake pedal, turn the
adjusting bolt in direction b.
3. Tighten the locknut.
w
a
1
b
2
a
3
EWA00044
After adjusting the brake pedal
position, the brake pedal free play
must be adjusted.
1
a. Brake pedal free play
1. Brake pedal free play adjusting nut
Brake pedal free play
The brake pedal free play should
measure 20–30 mm (0.8–1.22 in) as
shown. Periodically check the brake
pedal free play and, if necessary,
adjust it as follows.
To increase the brake pedal free
play, turn the adjusting nut at the
brake rod in direction a. To
decrease the brake pedal free play,
turn the adjusting nut in direction b.
4
5
6
7
8
9
6-24
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
w
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
EW000106
8 After adjusting the drive chain
slack
or
removing
and
installing the rear wheel,
always check the brake pedal
free play.
8 If proper adjustment cannot be
obtained as described, have a
Yamaha dealer make this
adjustment.
8 After adjusting the brake pedal
free play, check the operation
of the brake light.
EAU00720
Checking the front brake
pads and rear brake shoes
The front brake pads and the rear
brake shoes must be checked for
wear at the intervals specified in the
periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart.
1
2
b
a
1. Brake light switch
2. Adjusting nut
EAU00713
Adjusting the rear brake light
switch
The rear brake light switch, which is
activated by the brake pedal, is properly adjusted when the brake light
comes on just before braking takes
effect. If necessary, adjust the brake
light switch as follows.
Turn the adjusting nut while holding
the rear brake light switch in place.
To make the brake light come on earlier, turn the adjusting nut in direction
a. To make the brake light come on
later, turn the adjusting nut in direction b.
6-25
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
FRONT
REAR
1
1
2
1
2
1
3
1. Wear indicator groove (×3)
EAU01119
Front brake pads
Each front brake pad is provided with
wear indicator grooves, which allow
you to check the brake pad wear
without having to disassemble the
brake. To check the brake pad wear,
check the wear indicator grooves. If a
brake pad has worn to the point that
the wear indicators have almost disappeared, have a Yamaha dealer
replace the brake pads as a set.
1. Wear indicator
2. Wear limit line
1. Minimum level mark
4
EAU03776
EAU00727
Rear brake shoes
The rear brake is provided with a
wear indicator, which allows you to
check the brake shoe wear without
having to disassemble the brake. To
check the brake shoe wear, check
the position of the wear indicator
while applying the brake. If a brake
shoe has worn to the point that the
wear indicator reaches the wear limit
line, have a Yamaha dealer replace
the brake shoes as a set.
6-26
Checking the brake fluid
level
Insufficient brake fluid may allow air
to enter the brake system, possibly
causing it to become ineffective.
Before riding, check that the brake
fluid is above the minimum level mark
and replenish if necessary. A low
brake fluid level may indicate worn
brake pads and/or brake system
leakage. If the brake level is low, be
sure to check the brake pads for
wear and the brake system for leakage.
5
6
7
8
9
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Observe these precautions:
8 When checking the fluid level,
make sure that the top of the
brake fluid reservoir is level.
8 Use only the recommended quality brake fluid, otherwise the rubber seals may deteriorate, causing leakage and poor braking
performance.
Recommended brake fluid:
DOT 4
8 Brake fluid may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts.
Always clean up spilled fluid
immediately.
8 As the brake pads wear, it is normal for the brake fluid level to
gradually go down. However, if
the brake fluid level goes down
suddenly, have a Yamaha dealer
check the cause.
8 Refill with the same type of brake
fluid. Mixing fluids may result in a
harmful chemical reaction and
lead to poor braking performance.
8 Be careful that water does not
enter the brake fluid reservoir
when refilling. Water will significantly lower the boiling point of
the fluid and may result in vapor
lock.
6-27
EAU03238
Changing the brake fluid
Have a Yamaha dealer change the
brake fluid at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition, have the oil
seals of the brake master cylinder
and caliper as well as the brake hose
replaced at the intervals listed below
or whenever it is damaged or leaking.
8 Oil seals: Replace every two
years.
8 Brake hose: Replace every four
years.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00744
1
Drive chain slack
The drive chain slack should be
checked before each ride and adjusted if necessary.
To check the drive chain slack
1. Place the motorcycle on a level
surface and hold it in an upright
position.
NOTE:
When checking and adjusting the
drive chain slack, the motorcycle
should be positioned straight up and
there should be no weight on it.
1
a
b
a
2
2
3
3
a. Drive chain slack
2. Shift the transmission into the
neutral position.
3. Move the rear wheel by pushing
the motorcycle to locate the tightest portion of the drive chain,
and then measure the drive
chain slack as shown.
Drive chain slack:
30–40 mm (1.22–1.6 in)
4. If the drive chain slack is incorrect, adjust it as follows.
6-28
1. Brake pedal free play adjusting nut
2. Axle nut
3. Adjusting plate
4
EAU03765
To adjust the drive chain slack
1. Loosen the brake pedal free play
adjusting nut.
2. Loosen the axle nut.
3. To tighten the drive chain, turn
the adjusting plate on each side
of the swingarm in direction a.
To loosen the drive chain, turn
the adjusting plate on each side
of the swingarm in direction b,
and then push the rear wheel forward.
5
6
7
8
9
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
NOTE:
Make sure that both adjusting plates
are in the same position for proper
wheel alignment.
2
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3
4
5
6
7
8
9
EW000103
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EAU00767
Lubricating the drive chain
After adjusting the brake pedal
free play, check the operation of
the brake light.
EC000096
Improper drive chain slack will
overload the engine as well as
other vital parts of the motorcycle
and can lead to chain slippage or
breakage. To prevent this from
occurring, keep the drive chain
slack within the specified limits.
The drive chain must be cleaned and
lubricated at the intervals specified in
the General maintenance and lubrication chart, otherwise it will quickly
wear out, especially when riding in
dusty or wet areas. Service the drive
chain as follows.
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EC000097
The drive chain must be lubricated
after washing the motorcycle or
riding in the rain.
1. Remove all dirt and mud from
the drive chain with a brush or
cloth.
4. Tighten the axle nut to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Axle nut:
90 Nm (9.0 m·kg, 65 ft·lb)
NOTE:
For a thorough cleaning, have a
Yamaha dealer remove the drive
chain and soak it in solvent.
5. Adjust the brake pedal free play.
(See page 6-24 for brake pedal
free play adjustment procedures.)
6-29
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
2. Spray Yamaha Chain and Cable
Lube or a high-quality spray-type
drive chain lubricant on both
sides and on the middle of the
chain, making sure that all side
plates and rollers have been sufficiently oiled.
w
EW000111
Damage to the outer housing of
cables may result in internal rusting and cause interference with
cable movement. Replace damaged cables as soon as possible to
prevent unsafe conditions.
1
2
3
4
EAU03297•
Checking and lubricating the
cables
The operation of all control cables
and the condition of the cables
should be checked before each ride,
and the cables and cable ends
should be lubricated if necessary. If
a cable is damaged or does not move
smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer
check or replace it.
Recommended lubricant:
Yamaha Chain and Cable Lube
or engine oil
6-30
5
6
7
8
9
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU03764*
Checking and lubricating the
throttle grip and cable
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
The operation of the throttle grip and
the condition of the throttle cable
should be checked before each ride,
and the cable should be lubricated or
replaced if necessary.
NOTE:
Since the throttle grip must be
removed to access the throttle cable
end, the throttle grip and the cable
should always be lubricated at the
same time.
4. Grease the metal-to-metal contact surface of the throttle grip,
and then install the grip by
installing the screws.
Recommended lubricant:
Throttle cable:
Yamaha Chan and Cable
Lube or engine oil
Throttle grip housing and grip:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease)
EAU03370
Checking and lubricating the
brake and shift pedals
The operation of the brake and shift
pedals should be checked before
each ride, and the pedal pivots
should be lubricated if necessary.
1. Remove the throttle grip by
removing the screws.
2. Hold up the throttle cable, and
then apply several drops of oil to
the cable, allowing it to trickle
into the sheaths.
3. Grease the inside of the throttle
grip housing.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease)
6-31
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
1
2
3
1. Grease nipple (×2)
EAU03164
EAU03165
4
EAU03166
Checking and lubricating the
brake and clutch levers
Checking and lubricating the
sidestand
Lubricating the rear
suspension
The operation of the brake and clutch
levers should be checked before
each ride, and the lever pivots should
be lubricated if necessary.
The operation of the sidestand
should be checked before each ride,
and the sidestand pivot and metal-tometal contact surfaces should be
lubricated if necessary.
The pivoting points of the rear suspension must be lubricated at the
intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease)
EW000113
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If the sidestand does not move up
and down smoothly, have a
Yamaha dealer check or repair it.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease)
6-32
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease)
5
6
7
8
9
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU02939
1
2
EAU00794
Checking the front fork
Checking the steering
The condition and operation of the
front fork must be checked as follows
at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart.
Worn or loose steering bearings may
cause danger. Therefore, the operation of the steering must be checked
as follows at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
1. Place a stand under the engine
to raise the front wheel off the
ground.
3
To check the condition
EW000115
4
w
5
Securely support the motorcycle
so that there is no danger of it
falling over.
6
7
8
9
Check the inner tubes for scratches,
damage and excessive oil leakage.
To check the operation
1. Place the motorcycle on a level
surface and hold it in an upright
position.
2. While applying the front brake,
push down hard on the handlebars several times to check if the
front fork compresses and
rebounds smoothly.
EC000098
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If any damage is found or the front
fork does not operate smoothly,
have a Yamaha dealer check or
repair it.
6-33
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EW000115
Securely support the motorcycle
so that there is no danger of it
falling over.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01144
EAU03806
Checking the wheel bearings
Battery
The front and rear wheel bearings
must be checked at the intervals
specified in the periodic maintenance
and lubrication chart. If there is play
in the wheel hub or if the wheel does
not turn smoothly, have a Yamaha
dealer check the wheel bearings.
A poorly maintained battery will corrode and discharge quickly. The electrolyte level, battery lead connections
and breather hose routing should be
checked before each ride and at the
intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
1
2
3
4
2. Hold the lower ends of the front
fork legs and try to move them
forward and backward. If any
free play can be felt, have a
Yamaha dealer check or repair
the steering.
5
6
7
8
9
6-34
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
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4
1
3
5
1
1
2
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Battery
Negative lead (black)
Positive lead (red)
Battery breather hose
Band
To check the electrolyte level
1. Remove the seat. (See page 3-8
for seat removal and installation
procedures.)
2. Disconnect the negative battery
lead from the battery.
3. Disconnect the positive battery
lead and the battery breather
hose from the battery.
4. Unhook the battery band, and
then pull the battery out of the
battery compartment.
1. Maximum level mark
2. Minimum level mark
5. Place the battery on a level surface, and then check the electrolyte level in the battery.
NOTE:
The electrolyte should be between
the minimum and maximum level
marks.
6. If the electrolyte is at or below
the minimum level mark, add distilled water to raise the electrolyte to the maximum level
mark.
6-35
EW000116
8 Electrolyte is poisonous and
dangerous since it contains
sulfuric acid, which causes
severe burns. Avoid any contact with skin, eyes or clothing
and always shield your eyes
when working near batteries.
In case of contact, administer
the following FIRST AID.
9 EXTERNAL:
Flush
with
plenty of water.
9 INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk and
immediately call a physician.
9 EYES: Flush with water for
15 minutes and seek prompt
medical attention.
8 Batteries produce explosive
hydrogen gas. Therefore, keep
sparks, flames, cigarettes,
etc., away from the battery and
provide sufficient ventilation
when charging it in an
enclosed space.
8 KEEP THIS AND ALL BATTERIES OUT OF THE REACH OF
CHILDREN.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
1
2
1. Battery breather hose
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EC000100
Use only distilled water, as tap
water contains minerals that are
harmful to the battery.
7. Place the battery in the battery
compartment, and then hook the
battery band onto the holder.
8. Connect the breather hose to the
battery and make sure that it is
properly routed.
1. Battery
2. Battery breather hose
9. Connect and tighten the positive
battery lead to the battery’s positive (+) terminal.
10. Connect and tighten the negative
battery lead to the battery’s negative (-) terminal.
11. Install the seat.
To store the battery
1. If the motorcycle will not be used
for more than one month,
remove the battery, fully charge
it, and then place it in a cool, dry
place.
2. If the battery will be stored for
more than two months, check the
specific gravity of the electrolyte
at least once a month and fully
charge the battery whenever
necessary.
3. Fully charge the battery before
installation.
4. After installation, make sure that
the battery leads are properly
connected to the battery terminals and that the breather hose
is properly routed, in good condition, and not obstructed.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
6-36
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
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1
2
3
EC000099
If the breather hose is positioned
in such a way that the frame is
exposed to electrolyte or gas
expelled from the battery, the
frame could suffer structural and
external damages.
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2
Do not use a fuse of a higher
amperage rating than recommended to avoid causing extensive
damage to the electrical system
and possibly a fire.
1
4
1. Fuse
2. Spare fuse
5
Replacing the fuse
EAU01307
6
7
8
9
EC000103
The fuse holder is located behind
panel B. (See page 6-8 for panel
removal and installation procedures.)
If the fuse is blown, replace it as follows.
1. Turn the key to “OFF” and turn
off all electrical circuits.
2. Remove the blown fuse, and
then install a new fuse of the
specified amperage.
Specified fuse: 20A
6-37
3. Turn the key to “ON” and turn on
the electrical circuits to check if
the devices operate.
4. If the fuse immediately blows
again, have a Yamaha dealer
check the electrical system.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
1
2
1
2
1
3
1. Bolt (×2)
EAU01158
Replacing the headlight bulb
If the headlight bulb burns out,
replace it as follows.
1. Remove cowling A. (See page
6-7 for cowling removal and
installation procedures.)
2. Remove the headlight unit by
removing the bolts.
1. Headlight coupler
2. Headlight bulb cover
3. Disconnect the headlight coupler, and then remove the headlight bulb cover.
1. Headlight bulb holder
4
4. Remove the headlight bulb holder by turning it counterclockwise,
and then remove the defective
bulb.
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EW000119
Headlight bulbs get very hot.
Therefore, keep flammable products away from a lit headlight bulb,
and do not touch the bulb until it
has cooled down.
5. Place a new bulb into position,
and then secure it with the bulb
holder.
6-38
5
6
7
8
9
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
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1
3
1
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
6. Install the bulb cover, and then
connect the coupler.
7. Install the headlight unit by
installing the bolts.
8. Install the cowling.
9. Have a Yamaha dealer adjust
the headlight beam if necessary.
1. Screw
2. Bulb
3. Lens
EAU03497
Replacing a turn signal light
bulb
1. Remove the turn signal light lens
by removing the screw.
2. Remove the defective bulb by
pushing it in and turning it counterclockwise.
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket,
push it in, and then turn it clockwise until it stops.
4. Install the lens by installing the
screw.
6-39
ECA00065
Do not overtighten the screw, otherwise the lens may break.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01579
Supporting the motorcycle
1
1
1. Screw (×2)
1. Bulb
EAU01623
Replacing the tail/brake light
bulb
1. Remove the tail/brake light lens
by removing the screws.
2. Remove the defective bulb by
pushing it in and turning it counterclockwise.
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket,
push it in, and then turn it clockwise until it stops.
4. Install the lens by installing the
screws.
EC000108
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Do not overtighten the screws,
otherwise the lens may break.
6-40
Since this model is not equipped with
a centerstand, follow these precautions when removing the front and
rear wheel or performing other maintenance requiring the motorcycle to
stand upright. Check that the motorcycle is in a stable and level position
before starting any maintenance. A
strong wooden box can be placed
under the engine for added stability.
To service the front wheel
1. Stabilize the rear of the motorcycle by using a motorcycle stand
or, if an additional motorcycle
stand is not available, by placing
a jack under the frame in front of
the rear wheel.
2. Raise the front wheel off the
ground by using a motorcycle
stand.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
2
To service the rear wheel
Raise the rear wheel off the ground
by using a motorcycle stand or, if a
motorcycle stand is not available, by
placing a jack either under each side
of the frame in front of the rear wheel
or under each side of the swingarm.
3. Lift the front wheel off the ground
according to the procedure on
page 6-40.
4. Remove the axle nut, pull the
wheel axle out, and then remove
the wheel.
1
2
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3
4
1. Speedometer cable
2. Axle nut
5
Front wheel
EAU03517
6
To remove the front wheel
EW000122
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7
8
9
8 It is advisable to have a
Yamaha dealer service the
wheel.
8 Securely support the motorcycle so that there is no danger
of it falling over.
1. Disconnect the speedometer
cable from the front wheel.
2. Loosen the axle nut.
6-41
ECA00048
Do not apply the brake after the
wheel has been removed together
with the brake disc, otherwise the
brake pads will be forced shut.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
2
3. Insert the wheel axle, and then
install the axle nut.
4. Lower the front wheel so that it is
on the ground.
5. Tighten the axle nut to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Axle nut:
90 Nm (9.0 m·kg, 65 ft·lb)
1. Retainer
2. Speedometer cable
EAU03518
To install the front wheel
1. Install the speedometer gear unit
into the wheel hub so that the
projections mesh with the slots.
2. Lift the wheel up between the
fork legs.
6. Connect the speedometer cable.
2
3
4
1
2
5
a
3
1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Axle nut
Brake pedal free play adjusting nut
Brake rod
Brake camshaft lever
Drive chain adjusting plate
4
5
EAU03519
Rear wheel
6
To remove the rear wheel
w
NOTE:
Make sure that there is enough
space between the brake pads
before inserting the brake disc and
that the slot in the speedometer gear
unit fits over the retainer on the fork
leg.
EW000122
8 It is advisable to have a
Yamaha dealer service the
wheel.
8 Securely support the motorcycle so that there is no danger
of it falling over.
1. Loosen the axle nut.
6-42
7
8
9
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
2. Remove the brake pedal free
play adjusting nut, and then disconnect the brake rod from the
brake camshaft lever.
3. Turn the drive chain adjusting
plate on each side of the
swingarm fully in direction a.
4. Lift the rear wheel off the ground
according to the procedure on
page 6-40.
5. Remove the axle nut, and then
pull the wheel axle out.
6. Push the wheel forward, and
then remove the drive chain from
the rear sprocket.
NOTE:
The drive chain does not need to be
disassembled in order to remove and
install the wheel.
9
3. Install the axle nut, and then
lower the rear wheel so that it is
on the ground.
4. Tighten the axle nut to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Axle nut:
90 Nm (9.0 m·kg, 65 ft·lb)
1
1. Retainer
EAU03520
To install the rear wheel
1. Insert the wheel axle from the
left-hand side.
NOTE:
Make sure that the drive chain adjusting plates are installed with the
punched sides facing to the outside
and that the slot in the brake shoe
plate fits over the retainer on the
swingarm.
7. Remove the wheel.
2. Install the drive chain onto the
rear sprocket, and then adjust
the drive chain slack. (See page
6-28 for drive chain slack adjustment procedures.)
6-43
5. Install the brake rod onto the
brake camshaft lever, and then
install the brake pedal free play
adjusting nut onto the brake rod.
6. Adjust the brake pedal free play.
(See page 6-24 for brake pedal
free play adjustment procedures.)
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EW000103
After adjusting the brake pedal
free play, check the operation of
the brake light.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01008
Troubleshooting
Although
Yamaha
motorcycles
receive a thorough inspection before
shipment from the factory, trouble
may occur during operation. Any
problem in the fuel, compression, or
ignition systems, for example, can
cause poor starting and loss of
power.
The following troubleshooting chart
represents a quick and easy procedure for checking these vital systems
yourself. However, should your
motorcycle require any repair, take it
to a Yamaha dealer, whose skilled
technicians have the necessary tools,
experience, and know-how to service
the motorcycle properly.
Use only genuine Yamaha replacement parts. Imitation parts may look
like Yamaha parts, but they are often
inferior, have a shorter service life
and can lead to expensive repair
bills.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
6-44
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU03473
Troubleshooting chart
1
EW000125
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Keep away open flames and do not smoke while checking or working on the fuel system.
2
1. Fuel
3
Check the fuel level in
the fuel tank.
4
5
There is
enough fuel.
Check the compression.
There is
no fuel.
Supply fuel.
2. Compression
There is compression.
Check the ignition.
There is no compression.
Have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
Operate the
electric starter.
6
7
8
The engine does not start.
Check the compression.
3. Ignition
Wet
Wipe off with a dry cloth and correct the
spark plug gap, or replace the spark plug.
Open the throttle halfway and
operate the electric starter.
Dry
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
The engine does not start.
Check the battery.
Remove the spark plug
and check electrodes.
9
4. Battery
Operate the
electric starter.
The engine turns over
quickly.
The battery is good.
The engine turns over
slowly.
Check fluid, recharge,
check connections.
6-45
The engine does not start. Have a
Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
EAU03521
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
Care
While the open design of a motorcycle reveals the attractiveness of the
technology, it also makes it more vulnerable. Rust and corrosion can
develop even if high-quality components are used. A rusty exhaust pipe
may go unnoticed on a car, however,
it detracts from the overall appearance of a motorcycle. Frequent and
proper care does not only comply
with the terms of the warranty, but it
will also keep your motorcycle looking
good, extend its life and optimize its
performance.
Before cleaning
1. Cover the muffler outlet with a
plastic bag after the engine has
cooled down.
2. Make sure that all caps and covers as well as all electrical couplers and connectors, including
the spark plug cap, are tightly
installed.
3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt,
like oil burnt onto the crankcase,
with a degreasing agent and a
brush, but never apply such
products onto seals, gaskets,
sprockets, the drive chain and
wheel axles. Always rinse the dirt
and degreaser off with water.
Cleaning
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ECA00010
8 Avoid using strong acidic
wheel cleaners, especially on
spoked wheels. If such products are used on hard-toremove dirt, do not leave the
cleaner on the affected area
any longer than instructed.
Also, thoroughly rinse the area
off with water, immediately dry
it, and then apply a corrosion
protection spray.
8 Improper cleaning can damage
windshields, cowlings, panels
and other plastic parts. Use
only a soft, clean cloth or
sponge with mild detergent
and water to clean plastic.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
7-1
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
8 Do not use any harsh chemical
products on plastic parts. Be
sure to avoid using cloths or
sponges which have been in
contact with strong or abrasive cleaning products, solvent or thinner, fuel (gasoline),
rust removers or inhibitors,
brake fluid, antifreeze or electrolyte.
8 Do not use high-pressure
washers or steam-jet cleaners
since they cause water seepage and deterioration in the
following areas: seals (of
wheel and swingarm bearings,
fork and brakes), electric components (couplers, connectors, instruments, switches
and lights), breather hoses
and vents.
8 For motorcycles equipped
with a windshield: Do not use
strong cleaners or hard
sponges as they will cause
dulling or scratching. Some
cleaning compounds for plastic may leave scratches on the
windshield. Test the product
on a small hidden part of the
windshield to make sure that it
does not leave any marks. If
the windshield is scratched,
use a quality plastic polishing
compound after washing.
After normal use
Remove dirt with warm water, a mild
detergent, and a soft, clean sponge,
and then rinse thoroughly with clean
water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush for hard-to-reach areas.
Stubborn dirt and insects will come
off more easily if the area is covered
with a wet cloth for a few minutes
before cleaning.
7-2
After riding in the rain, near the sea
or on salt-sprayed roads
Since sea salt or salt sprayed on
roads during winter are extremely
corrosive in combination with water,
carry out the following steps after
each ride in the rain, near the sea or
on salt-sprayed roads.
NOTE:
Salt sprayed on roads in the winter
may remain well into spring.
1. Clean the motorcycle with cold
water and a mild detergent, after
the engine has cooled down.
cC
ECA00012
Do not use warm water since it
increases the corrosive action of
the salt.
2. Apply a corrosion protection
spray on all metal, including
chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces to prevent corrosion.
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
After cleaning
1. Dry the motorcycle with a
chamois or an absorbing cloth.
2. Immediately dry the drive chain
and lubricate it to prevent it from
rusting.
3. Use a chrome polish to shine
chrome, aluminum and stainlesssteel parts, including the exhaust
system. (Even the thermally
induced discoloring of stainlesssteel exhaust systems can be
removed through polishing.)
4. To prevent corrosion, it is recommended to apply a corrosion protection spray on all metal, including chrome- and nickel-plated,
surfaces.
5. Use spray oil as a universal
cleaner to remove any remaining
dirt.
6. Touch up minor paint damage
caused by stones, etc.
7. Wax all painted surfaces.
8. Let the motorcycle dry completely before storing or covering it.
EWA00001
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8 Make sure that there is no oil
or wax on the brakes or tires.
If necessary, clean the brake
discs and brake linings with a
regular brake disc cleaner or
acetone, and wash the tires
with warm water and a mild
detergent.
8 Before operating the motorcycle test its braking performance and cornering behavior.
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ECA00013
8 Apply spray oil and wax sparingly and make sure to wipe
off any excess.
8 Never apply oil or wax to any
rubber and plastic parts, but
treat them with a suitable care
product.
8 Avoid using abrasive polishing compounds as they will
wear away the paint.
NOTE:
Consult a Yamaha dealer for advice
on what products to use.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
7-3
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
Storage
2
Short-term
Always store your motorcycle in a
cool, dry place and, if necessary, protect it against dust with a porous
cover.
3
cC
1
4
5
6
7
8
9
ECA00014
8 Storing the motorcycle in a
poorly ventilated room or covering it with a tarp, while it is
still wet, will allow water and
humidity to seep in and cause
rust.
8 To prevent corrosion, avoid
damp cellars, stables (because
of the presence of ammonia)
and areas where strong chemicals are stored.
Long-term
Before storing your motorcycle for
several months:
1. Follow all the instructions in the
“Care” section of this chapter.
2. For motorcycles equipped with a
fuel cock that has an “OFF” position: Turn the fuel cock lever to
“OFF”.
3. Drain the carburetor float chamber by loosening the drain bolt;
this will prevent fuel deposits
from building up. Pour the
drained fuel into the fuel tank.
4. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel
stabilizer (if available) to prevent
the fuel tank from rusting and the
fuel from deteriorating.
5. Perform the following steps to
protect the cylinder, piston rings,
etc. from corrosion.
a. Remove the spark plug cap
and spark plug.
b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine
oil into the spark plug bore.
7-4
c. Install the spark plug cap onto
the spark plug, and then place
the spark plug on the cylinder
head so that the electrodes
are grounded. (This will limit
sparking during the next step.)
d. Turn the engine over several
times with the starter. (This
will coat the cylinder wall with
oil.)
e. Remove the spark plug cap
from the spark plug, and then
install the spark plug and the
spark plug cap.
w
EWA00003
To prevent damage or injury from
sparking, make sure to ground the
spark plug electrodes while turning the engine over.
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
6. Lubricate all control cables and
the pivoting points of all levers
and pedals as well as of the
sidestand/centerstand.
7. Check and, if necessary, correct
the tire air pressure, and then lift
the motorcycle so that both of its
wheels are off the ground.
Alternatively, turn the wheels a
little every month in order to prevent the tires from becoming
degraded in one spot.
8. Cover the muffler outlet with a
plastic bag to prevent moisture
from entering it.
9. Remove the battery and fully
charge it. Store it in a cool, dry
place and charge it once a
month. Do not store the battery
in an excessively cold or warm
place (less than 0 °C [30 °F]) or
more than 30 °C [90 °F]). For
more information on storing the
battery, see page 6-36.
NOTE:
Make any necessary repairs before
storing the motorcycle.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
7-5
EAU01038
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications
1
Model
Engine oil
TW200(C)
Type
Dimensions
2
Overall length
Overall width
3
4
Overall height
5
1,120 mm (44.1 in)
Wheelbase
1,325 mm (52.2 in)
Basic weight (with oil and full
fuel tank)
6
YAMALUBE 4 (20W40)
or SAE 20W40
265 mm (10.4 in)
–20° –10°
1,900 mm (74.8 in)
Recommended engine oil
classification
126 kg (278 lb) (TW200)
127 kg (280 lb) (TW200C)
8
9
Engine type
Air-cooled 4-stroke, SOHC
Cylinder arrangement
Forward inclined
single cylinder
Displacement
196 cm3
Bore × Stroke
67.0 × 55.7 mm
Compression ratio
9.5:1
Starting system
Electric starter
Lubrication system
Wet sump
0°
10° 20° 30°
40° 50°C
API Service SE, SF, SG type
or higher
cC
Engine
7
30° 50° 70° 90° 110° 130°F
YAMALUBE 4 (10W30)
or SAE 10W30
820 mm (32.3 in)
790 mm (31.1 in)
Minimum turning radius
10°
2,090 mm (82.3 in)
Seat height
Ground clearance
0°
Be sure to use motor oils that do not contain anti-friction
modifiers. Passenger car motor oils (often labeled “ENERGY
CONSERVING”) contain anti-friction additives which will
cause clutch and/or starter clutch slippage, resulting in
reduced component life and poor engine performance.
Capacity
Without oil filter element
removal
With oil filter element removal
1.1 L (1.0 Imp qt, 1.2 US qt)
Total amount (dry engine)
1.3 L (1.1 Imp qt, 1.4 US qt)
Air filter
8-1
1.0 L (0.9 Imp qt, 1.1 US qt)
Wet type element
SPECIFICATIONS
Fuel
1st
2.833
UNLEADED FUEL
2nd
1.789
Fuel tank capacity
7.0 L (1.5 Imp gal, 1.8 US gal)
3rd
1.318
Reserve amount
1.0 L (0.2 Imp gal, 0.3 US gal)
4th
1.040
5th
0.821
Type
Gear ratio
Carburetor
Manufacturer
TEIKEI
Model × quantity
MV28 × 1 (TW200)
MV28 1B × 1 (TW200C)
NGK/DR8EA
DENSO/X24ESR-U
Gap
0.6–0.7 mm (0.02–0.03 in)
Clutch type
Frame type
Diamond
Caster angle
25.8°
Trail
95 mm (3.74 in)
Tires
Front
Wet, multiple-disc
Transmission
Primary reduction system
2
3
Chassis
Spark plug
Manufacturer/Type
1
Spur gear
Type
With tube
Size
130/80-18 66P
Manufacturer/
model
BRIDGESTONE / TW31
Primary reduction ratio
73/22 (3.318)
Secondary reduction system
Chain drive
Type
With tube
Secondary reduction ratio
3.571
Size
180/80-14M/C 78P
Number of drive chain
sprocket teeth (rear/front)
BRIDGESTONE / TW34
50/14
Manufacturer/
model
Transmission type
Constant mesh 5-speed
Operation
Left foot
5
6
7
8
Rear
8-2
4
9
SPECIFICATIONS
Rear
1
Maximum load*
2
Air pressure (cold tire)
up to 90 kg load*
Front
125 kPa (1.25 kg/cm , 18 psi)
Suspension
Rear
125 kPa (1.25 kg/cm2, 18 psi)
Front
3
4
5
6
157 kg (346 lb) (TW200)
156 kg (344 lb) (TW200C)
2
90 kg load–Maximum
load*
Front
150 kPa (1.50 kg/cm2, 22 psi)
Rear
175 kPa (1.75 kg/cm2, 25 psi)
Right foot
Type
Telescopic fork
Type
Swingarm (Monocross
suspension)
Type
Spoke wheel
Size
2.50 × 18
Type
Spoke wheel
Size
14M/C × MT4.50
Front
Coil spring / oil damper
Rear
Coil-gas spring / oil damper
Wheel travel
Rear
Front
160 mm (6.3 in)
Rear
150 mm (5.9 in)
Electrical
Ignition system
Brakes
9
Operation
Spring/shock absorber
Front
8
Drum brake
Rear
*Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and accessories
Wheels
7
Type
C.D.I.
Charging system
Front
Type
Single disc brake
Operation
Right hand
Fluid
Type
A.C. magneto
Standard output
14 V, 170 W @ 5,000 r/min
Type
GM7CZ-3D
Voltage, capacity
12 V, 7 AH
Battery
DOT 4
8-3
SPECIFICATIONS
Headlight bulb type
Halogen bulb
1
Headlight
12 V, 60/55 W × 1
2
Tail/brake light
12 V, 8/27 W × 1
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity
Front turn signal light
12 V, 27/8 W × 2
Rear turn signal light
12 V, 27 W × 2
Meter lighting
12 V, 3.4 W × 1
Neutral indicator light
12 V, 3.4 W × 1
High beam indicator light
12 V, 3.4 W × 1
Turn signal indicator light
12 V, 3.4 W × 1
Fuse
3
4
5
20 A
6
7
8
9
8-4
EAU01039
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU02944
Identification numbers
1
2
3
4
Record the key identification number,
vehicle identification number and
model label information in the spaces
provided below for assistance when
ordering spare parts from a Yamaha
dealer or for reference in case the
vehicle is stolen.
1. KEY IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER:
5
6
7
2. VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER:
1
1
1. Key identification number
EAU01041
EAU01043
Key identification number
Vehicle identification number
The key identification number is
stamped into the key tag.
Record this number in the space provided and use it for reference when
ordering a new key.
The vehicle identification number is
stamped into the steering head pipe.
Record this number in the space provided.
NOTE:
The vehicle identification number is
used to identify your motorcycle and
may be used to register your motorcycle with the licensing authority in
your area.
8
9
1. Vehicle identification number
3. MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
1
6
9-1
CONSUMER INFORMATION
1
1
2
3
1. Model label
4
EAU03757
Model label
5
The model label is affixed to the location shown. Record the information
on this label in the space provided.
This information will be needed when
ordering spare parts from a Yamaha
dealer.
6
7
8
9
9-2
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU01051
Reporting safety defects
1
2
3
4
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Yamaha Motor
Corporation, U.S.A. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect
exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer, or Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in Washington,
D.C. area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other
information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.
5
6
7
8
9
9-3
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU01053
Motorcycle noise regulation
TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED:
Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person
other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or element of design incorporated into any
new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or
(2) the use of the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
”AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS LISTED BELOW”.
These acts include tampering with the following systems; i.e., modification, removal, etc.
Exhaust system
Muffler
Exhaust pipe
Silencer
Intake system
Air cleaner case
Air cleaner element
Intake duct
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
9-4
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU03052
Maintenance record
1
Copies of work orders and/or receipts for parts purchased and installed on your motorcycle will be required to document
that maintenance has been completed in accordance with the emissions warranty. The chart below is printed only as a
reminder that maintenance work is required. It is not acceptable proof of maintenance work.
2
3
4
Maintenance
interval
4,000 mi
(6,000 km) or
6 months
6
7,000 mi
(11,000 km) or
12 months
8
9
Servicing dealer
name and address
Mileage
600 mi
(1,000 km) or
1 month
5
7
Date of
service
10,000 mi
(16,000 km) or
18 months
13,000 mi
(21,000 km) or
24 months
9-5
Remarks
CONSUMER INFORMATION
Maintenance
interval
Date of
service
Servicing dealer
name and address
Mileage
16,000 mi
(26,000 km) or
30 months
Remarks
1
19,000 mi
(31,000 km) or
36 months
2
3
22,000 mi
(36,000 km) or
42 months
4
25,000 mi
(41,000 km) or
48 months
5
28,000 mi
(46,000 km) or
54 months
6
31,000 mi
(51,000 km) or
60 months
7
8
9
9-6
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU02918
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
9-7
CONSUMER INFORMATION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
9-8
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU01063
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
9-9
CONSUMER INFORMATION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
9-10
PROTECT YOUR INVESTMENT
Use Genuine YAMAHA Parts And Accessories.
See your Authorized YAMAHA Dealer for a Genuine YAMAHA
Service Manual.
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER
PRINTED IN JAPAN
2000·11–1.6×1(E) !
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