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Buick 2002 LeSabre Owner`s manual
2002 Buick LeSabre
Owner’s Manual
Litho in U.S.A.
Part Number 25728657 A First Edition
ECopyright General Motors Corporation 06/08/01
All Rights Reserved
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We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem, BUICK,
the BUICK Emblem and the name LESABRE are
registered trademarks of General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time
it was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
after that time without further notice. For vehicles first
sold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of
Canada Limited” for Buick Motor Division whenever it
appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will
be there if you ever need it when you’re on the road.
If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it
so the new owner can use it.
For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriétaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en français chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
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How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you
do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce
the hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t,
you or others could be hurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
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Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
Your vehicle may be equipped with components and
labels that use symbols instead of text. Symbols,
used on your vehicle, are shown along with the text
describing the operation or information relating to a
specific component, control, message, gage or indicator.
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could damage
your vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that
can damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage
would not be covered by your warranty, and it could
be costly. But the notice will tell you what to do to help
avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different
colors or in different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle.
They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
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If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage or indicator reference the following
topics in the Index:
D “Engine Compartment Overview”
D “Instrument Panel”
D “Comfort Controls”
D “Audio Systems”
Also see “Warning Lights and Gages” in the Index.
These are some examples of vehicle symbols you may find on your vehicle:
v
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.
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Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
Here Are Questions Many People Ask About
Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Air Bag Systems
Center Front Passenger Position
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Rear Seat Passengers
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Children
Restraint Systems for Children
Older Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
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1-1
Seats and Seat Controls
Manual Lumbar Support
This section tells you about the seats -- how to adjust
them and also about reclining seatbacks, lumbar
adjustments, heated seats and head restraints.
Manual Front Seat
CAUTION:
You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle is
moving. The sudden movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push a pedal when you
don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when
the vehicle is not moving.
Pull up on the control bar located under the front of the
seat to unlock it. Slide the seat to where you want it and
release the bar. Try to move the seat with your body to
make sure the seat is locked into place.
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The knob that controls this feature is located on the
outboard side of each front seat. Turn the knob toward
the front of the vehicle to increase lumbar support. Turn
the knob toward the rear of the vehicle to decrease
lumbar support.
If you have the independent front cushion moved down
as far as it will go, you may feel the lumbar support
higher in your back. Readjust the location of the cushion
until you are comfortable. You may also want to adjust
the seatback for maximum comfort.
Power Seats (If Equipped)
D Move the seat forward or back by pushing the
horizontal control to the front or back.
D Push the vertical control forward to bring the
seatback to a more upright position. Push it rearward
to recline the seatback. See “Reclining Front
Seatbacks” later in this section.
Power Lumbar Control (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this feature, the power seat controls are
located on the outboard side of each front seat cushion.
If your vehicle has this
feature, the power lumbar
control is located on the
outboard side of each front
seat. Use the power seat
control first to get the
proper position. Then
continue with the
lumbar adjustment.
D Raise or lower the front of the seat cushion by holding
the front part of the horizontal control up or down.
D Raise or lower the rear of the seat cushion by holding
the rear part of the horizontal control up or down.
D Raise or lower the entire seat cushion by holding the
whole horizontal control up or down.
To reshape the lower seatback, press the lumbar control
forward to increase support and rearward to decrease
support. Press the control up or down to raise or lower
the support mechanism.
Keep in mind that as your seating position changes, as it
may during long trips, so should the position of your
lumbar support. Adjust the seat as needed.
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If you have the independent front cushion moved down
as far as it will go, you may feel the lumbar support
higher in your back. Readjust the location of the cushion
until you are comfortable. You may also want to adjust
the seatback for maximum comfort.
Memory Seat and Mirrors (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this feature, the controls are located
on the driver’s door panel, and are used to program and
recall memory settings for the driver’s seating, outside
mirror positions and comfort controls. See “Comfort
Controls” in the Index for more information.
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To save your seat and mirror positions into memory, use
the following procedure:
1. First identify the DRIVER # on the Driver
Information Center (DIC) by pressing the MEMORY
button (1 or 2) or by pressing the button with the
unlock symbol on the remote keyless entry
transmitter. See “Driver Information Center (DIC)”
in the Index.
2. Adjust the driver’s seat and lumbar position to a safe
and comfortable driving position. Adjust both outside
mirrors to suit you. See “Mirrors” in the Index.
3. Press and hold the MEMORY button (1 or 2)
corresponding with your DRIVER # displayed on the
DIC for longer than three seconds. You will hear two
beeps confirming that the seat and mirror positions
have been entered into memory.
To set the seat and mirror positions for a second driver,
follow the previous steps, but start by pressing the
button with the unlock symbol on the transmitter that
displays the other DRIVER # on the DIC. Be sure to use
the MEMORY button (1 or 2) which corresponds to the
DRIVER # identified by the second transmitter.
To recall your memory positions, your vehicle must be in
PARK (P). Push and release the MEMORY button (1 or 2)
corresponding to the desired driving position. The seat and
mirrors will move to the position previously stored for the
identified driver. You will hear one beep.
To store the exit position for an easy exit, use the
following procedure:
1. First identify the DRIVER # by pressing the
MEMORY button (1 or 2) or by pressing the button
with the unlock symbol on the transmitter.
2. Adjust the driver’s seat to the desired exit position.
3. Press and hold the EXIT button for longer than three
seconds. You will hear two beeps confirming that the
seat exit position has been entered into memory.
To set the exit position for a second driver, follow the
previous steps, but start by pressing the button with the
unlock symbol on the transmitter that displays the other
DRIVER # on the DIC. Be sure to use the MEMORY
button (1 or 2) which corresponds to the DRIVER #
identified by the other transmitter.
To recall the exit position, your vehicle must be in
PARK (P). Push and release the EXIT button and the
seat will move to the exit position previously stored for
the current identified driver. You will hear one beep. If
an exit position has not been stored for the current
identified driver, the seat will move all the way back.
To stop recall movement of the seat at any time, press
the driver’s power seat control located on the outboard
side of the front seat.
Mirrors and lumbar positions will not be stored or
recalled for the exit position.
If you would like your stored driving or exit position to be
recalled when unlocking your vehicle with the transmitter,
see “DIC Personal Choice Programming” in the Index.
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Heated Seats (Option)
Press this button to turn on the heating element in the seat.
The heated seat buttons
are located on the driver’s
and front passenger’s
door panel.
When the heated seat button is first pressed, the high
setting is activated. Press the button again for the low
setting. The third press of the button turns the feature off.
The low setting warms the seatback and cushion until
the seat nears body temperature. The high setting heats
the seat to a slightly higher temperature.
The heated seats can only be used when the ignition is
turned on. When the ignition is turned off, the heating
element is also turned off.
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Reclining Front Seatbacks
If your vehicle has
power seats, the vertical
control described previously
in this section reclines the
front seatbacks.
If your vehicle has the manual recliner, lift the lever on
the outboard side of the seat and move the seatback to
the desired position. Release the lever to lock the
seatback. Pull up on the lever without pushing on the
seatback and the seatback will go to an upright position.
CAUTION:
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job. In a crash you
could go into it, receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is
in motion, have the seatback upright.
Then sit well back in the seat and wear your
safety belt properly.
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Head Restraints
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the air bag system.
CAUTION:
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest to the top of your head. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
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Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear
a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash, you might
not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area,
inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding in these areas are more likely to be
seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a reminder
to buckle up. See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
1-9
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
Put someone on it.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat on wheels.
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Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
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or the instrument panel ...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
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Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater
if you are belted.
Q:
If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
Q:
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of
home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less
than 40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
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How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about safety
belts and children. And there are different rules for smaller
children and babies. If a child will be riding in your
vehicle, see the part of this manual called “Children.”
Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to
wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see
how, see “Seats” in the Index.
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3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The lap-shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it,
the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could
cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across the chest.
These parts of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash, or
if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckle your belt into the buckle
nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
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Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In
a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of the
belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted,
make it straight so it can work properly, or ask
your dealer to fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
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Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
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The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s
safety belt properly, see “Driver Position” earlier in
this section.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt -- except for one thing.
If you ever pull the lap portion of the belt out all the
way, you will engage the child restraint locking feature.
If this happens, just let the belt go back all the way and
start again.
Air Bag Systems
This part explains the frontal and side impact
air bag systems.
Your vehicle has four air bags -- a frontal air bag for the
driver, another frontal air bag for the right front
passenger, a side impact air bag for the driver, and
another side impact air bag for the right front passenger.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating frontal air bag. But
these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their job
and comply with federal regulations.
If your vehicle has a center passenger position, be
sure to use the correct buckle when buckling your
lap-shoulder belt. If you find that the latch plate will not
go fully into the buckle, see if you are using the buckle
for the center passenger position.
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Here are the most important things to know about
the air bag systems:
CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt -- even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. Air
bags are designed to work with safety belts but
don’t replace them.
Frontal air bags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to work only in moderate
to severe crashes where the front of your vehicle
hits something. They aren’t designed to inflate at
all in rollover, rear or low-speed frontal crashes,
or in many side crashes. And, for some
unrestrained occupants, frontal air bags may
provide less protection in frontal crashes than
more forceful air bags have provided in the past.
The side impact air bags for the driver and right
CAUTION: (Continued)
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CAUTION: (Continued)
front passenger are designed to inflate only in
moderate to severe crashes where something hits
the side of your vehicle. They aren’t designed to
inflate in frontal, in rollover or in rear crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly -- whether or not there’s an air bag
for that person.
CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate with
great force, faster than the blink of an eye. If
you’re too close to an inflating air bag, as you
would be if you were leaning forward, it could
seriously injure you. Safety belts help keep you in
position for air bag inflation before and during a
crash. Always wear your safety belt, even with
frontal air bags. The driver should sit as far back
as possible while still maintaining control of the
vehicle. Front occupants should not lean on or
sleep against the door.
CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
the best protection for adults, but not for young
children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety
belt system nor its air bag system is designed for
them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide. Always secure children properly in your
vehicle. To read how, see the part of this manual
called “Children.”
There is an air bag
readiness light on the
instrument panel, which
shows AIR BAG.
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
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How the Air Bag Systems Work
Where are the air bags?
The driver’s frontal air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
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The right front passenger’s frontal air bag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
The driver’s side impact air bag is in the side of the
driver’s seatback closest to the door.
CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an
air bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person causing
severe injury or even death. The path of an
inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t put
anything between an occupant and an air bag,
and don’t attach or put anything on the steering
wheel hub or on or near any other air bag
covering. Don’t let seat covers block the inflation
path of a side impact air bag.
When should an air bag inflate?
The right front passenger’s side impact air bag is in the
side of the passenger’s seatback closest to the door.
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.”
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In addition, your vehicle has “dual stage” frontal air bags,
which adjust the amount of restraint according to crash
severity. For moderate frontal impacts, these air bags
inflate at a level less than full deployment. For more
severe frontal impacts, full deployment occurs. If the front
of your vehicle goes straight into a wall that doesn’t move
or deform, the threshold level for the reduced deployment
is about 10 to 16 mph (18 to 26 km/h), and the threshold
level for a full deployment is about 18 to 24 mph
(29 to 38.5 km/h). The threshold level can vary, however,
with specific vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat
above or below this range.
A side impact air bag will only deploy on the side of the
vehicle that is struck.
If your vehicle strikes something that will move or
deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will be
higher. The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
air bags are not designed to inflate in rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation
would not help the occupant.
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For both
frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing system
triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which inflates
the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related hardware
are all part of the air bag modules inside the steering
wheel, instrument panel and the side of the front
seatbacks closest to the door.
The side impact air bags are designed to inflate in
moderate to severe side crashes. A side impact air bag
will inflate if the crash severity is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” The threshold level can vary
with specific vehicle design. Side impact air bags are not
designed to inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts,
rollovers or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant.
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In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were. For
frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle of
the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down in
frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side impact air
bags, inflation is determined by the location and severity
of the impact.
What makes an air bag inflate?
How does an air bag restrain?
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But the frontal air
bags would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts, and many side
impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motion is not
toward the air bag. Side impact air bags would not help
you in many types of collisions, including frontal or
near frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
those air bags. Air bags should never be regarded as
anything more than a supplement to safety belts, and
then only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal
collisions for the driver’s and right front passenger’s
frontal air bags, and only in moderate to severe side
collisions for the driver’s and right front passenger’s
side impact air bags.
After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly that
some people may not even realize the air bag inflated.
Some components of the air bag module -- the steering
wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, the instrument panel for
the right front passenger’s bag, the side of the seatback
closest to the door for the driver and right front
passenger’s side impact air bags -- will be hot for a short
time. The parts of the bag that come into contact with you
may be warm, but not too hot to touch. There will be
some smoke and dust coming from the vents in the
deflated air bags. Air bag inflation doesn’t prevent the
driver from seeing or being able to steer the vehicle, nor
does it stop people from leaving the vehicle.
CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or a door.
1-27
Your vehicle has a feature that will automatically unlock
the doors and turn the interior lamps on when the air
bags inflate (if battery power is available). You can lock
the doors again and turn the interior lamps off by using
the door lock and interior lamp controls.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger air bag.
D Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for your
air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air bag
system won’t be there to help protect you in another
crash. A new system will include air bag modules
and possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
D Your vehicle is equipped with an electronic frontal
sensor, which helps the sensing system distinguish
between a moderate frontal impact and a more
severe frontal impact. Your vehicle is also equipped
with a crash sensing and diagnostic module, which
records information about the frontal air bag system.
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The module records information about the readiness
of the system, when the system commands air bag
inflation and driver’s safety belt usage at
deployment. The module also records speed,
engine rpm, brake and throttle data.
D Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
systems. Improper service can mean that an air bag
system won’t work properly. See your dealer for service.
NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for the driver’s or
the right front passenger’s air bag, or the air
bag covering on the driver’s and right front
passenger’s seatback, the bag may not work
properly. You may have to replace the air bag
module in the steering wheel, both the air bag
module and the instrument panel for the right
front passenger’s air bag, or both the air bag
module and seatback for the driver’s and right
front passenger’s side impact air bag. Do not
open or break the air bag coverings.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Center Front Passenger Position
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag systems in several places
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the service manual
have information about servicing your vehicle and the
air bag systems. To purchase a service manual, see
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an air
bag can still inflate during improper service. You
can be injured if you are close to an air bag when
it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors. They are
probably part of the air bag systems. Be sure to
follow proper service procedures, and make sure
the person performing work for you is qualified
to do so.
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a front bench seat, someone can sit in
the center position.
The air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
1-29
When you sit in the center front seating position,
you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor.
To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it
along the belt.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
1-30
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Passenger Positions
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
All rear seating positions have lap-shoulder belts. Here’s
how to wear one properly.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
1-31
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section. Make sure the
release button on the buckle is positioned so you
would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if
you ever had to.
1-32
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
1-33
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfort for older children who have
outgrown booster seats and for small adults. When
installed on a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better
positions the belt away from the neck and head.
There is one guide for each outside passenger position in
the rear seat. To provide added safety belt comfort for
children who have outgrown child restraints and for
smaller adults, the comfort guides may be installed on
the shoulder belts. Here’s how to install a comfort guide
and use the safety belt:
1. Remove the guide from its storage pocket on the side
of the seatback.
1-34
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the belt into
the slots of the guide.
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cord must be under the belt and the guide
on top.
1-35
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes the
need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact, the
law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
Infants and Young Children
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by the
appropriate restraint. Young children should not use the
vehicle’s safety belts, unless there is no other choice.
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in “Rear Seat Passenger Positions” earlier
in this section. Make sure that the shoulder belt
crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out of the
guides. Slide the guide into its storage pocket on the side
of the seatback.
1-36
CAUTION: (Continued)
For example, in a crash at only 25 mph (40 km/h),
a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly become a
240-lb. (110 kg) force on a person’s arms. A baby
should be secured in an appropriate restraint.
CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much -- until a crash. During a crash a baby will
become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-37
Q:
What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by the
vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types.
Selection of a particular restraint should take into
consideration not only the child’s weight, height
and age but also whether or not the restraint will
be compatible with the motor vehicle in which it
will be used.
CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
outstanding protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air
bag system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing
a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have
a label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that
come with the restraint state the weight and
height limitations for a particular child restraint.
In addition, there are many kinds of restraints
available for children with special needs.
1-38
CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This is
necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is
weak and its head weighs so much compared with
the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant in a
rear-facing seat settles into the restraint, so the
crash forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and
shoulders. Infants always should be secured in
appropriate infant restraints.
CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s hip
bones are still so small that the vehicle’s regular
safety belt may not remain low on the hip bones,
as it should. Instead, it may settle up around the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply
force on a body area that’s unprotected by any
bony structure. This alone could cause serious or
fatal injuries. Young children always should be
secured in appropriate child restraints.
1-39
Restraint Systems for Children
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed to
restrain or position a child on a continuous flat surface.
Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the center
of the vehicle.
1-40
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with the
seating surface against the back of the infant. The
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some
booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and some
high-back booster seats have a five-point harness. A
booster seat can also help a child to see out the window.
1-41
Q:
A:
How do child restraints work?
A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which is
purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help reduce
the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point
harness system has two shoulder straps, two hip
straps and a crotch strap. A shield may take the
place of hip straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder
straps that are attached to a flat pad which rests low
against the child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type
shield has straps that are attached to a wide,
shelf-like shield that swings up or to the side.
1-42
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is,
it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to the
instructions that come with the restraint which may be
on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and to this
manual. The child restraint instructions are important, so
if they are not available, obtain a replacement copy from
the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
General Motors, therefore, recommends that child
restraints be secured in the rear seat including an infant
riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding in a
booster seat. Never put a rear-facing child restraint in
the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in a rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, but before you do, always
move the front passenger seat as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
CAUTION:
A child in a child restraint in the center front seat
can be badly injured or killed by the right front
passenger air bag if it inflates. Never secure a
child restraint in the center front seat. It’s always
better to secure a child restraint in the rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front passenger seat, but before you
do, always move the front passenger seat as far
back as it will go. It’s better to secure the child
restraint in a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
1-43
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.” It
can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored to
the vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints are
designed for use with or without the top strap being
anchored. Others require the top strap always to be
anchored. Be sure to read and follow the instructions
for your child restraint. If yours requires that the top
strap be anchored, don’t use the restraint unless it is
anchored properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one
can be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit
is available.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints also
have a top strap. If your child restraint has a top strap, it
should be anchored.
Anchor the top strap to one of the following anchor
points. Be sure to use an anchor point located on the
same side of the vehicle as the seating position where
the child restraint will be placed.
1-44
Once you have the top strap anchored, you’ll be ready to
secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top strap
when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
Your vehicle has top strap anchors already installed for
the rear seating positions. You’ll find them behind the
rear seat on the filler panel.
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System)
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. You’ll find
anchors (A) in all three rear seat positions.
To assist you in locating the lower anchors for this child
restraint system, each seating position with the LATCH
system will have a label sewn into the seatback at each
anchor point.
In order to get to a bracket, you’ll have to open the
trim cover.
1-45
In order to use the system, you need either a
forward-facing child restraint that has attaching
points (B) at its base and a top tether anchor (C), or a
rear-facing child restraint that has attaching points (B),
as shown here.
With this system, use the LATCH system instead of the
vehicle’s safety belts to secure a child restraint.
1-46
CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint isn’t attached to
its anchorage points, the restraint won’t be able
to protect a child sitting there. In a crash, the
child could be seriously injured or killed. Make
sure that a LATCH-type child restraint is
properly installed using the anchorage points, or
use the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the
restraint. See “Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position” in the Index for information
on how to secure a child restraint in your vehicle
using the vehicle’s safety belts.
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
LATCH System
1. Find the anchors for the seating position you want to
use, where the bottom of the seatback meets the back
of the seat cushion.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Attach the anchor points on the child restraint to the
anchors in the vehicle. The child restraint
instructions will show you how.
4. If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach the top
strap to the top strap anchor. See “Top Strap” in the
Index. Tighten the top strap according to the child
restraint instructions.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top
strap from the top tether anchor and then disconnect the
anchor points.
1-47
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see “Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH)” in the Index.
CAUTION:
A child in a child restraint in the center front seat
can be badly injured or killed by the right front
passenger air bag if it inflates. Never secure a
child restraint in the center front seat. It’s always
better to secure a child restraint in the rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front passenger seat, but before you
do, always move the front passenger seat as far
back as it will go. It’s better to secure the child
restraint in the rear seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
1-48
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-49
4. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while
you push down on the child restraint. If you’re using
a forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
1-50
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger air
bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint. See
“Seats” in the Index.
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in the rear seat.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
1-51
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-52
5. Pull the rest of the lap belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
6. To tighten the belt, feed the lap belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
You may find it helpful to use your knee to push
down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
1-53
Older Children
Q:
A:
What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt should
not cross the face or neck. The lap belt should fit
snugly below the hips, just touching the top of the
thighs. It should never be worn over the abdomen,
which could cause severe or even fatal internal
injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can
strike other people who are buckled up, or can be
thrown out of the vehicle. Older children need to use
safety belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-54
Q:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
If the child is sitting in a seat next to a window,
move the child toward the center of the vehicle. If
the child is sitting in the center rear seat passenger
position, move the child toward the safety belt
buckle. In either case, be sure that the shoulder belt
still is on the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the
child’s upper body would have the restraint that
belts provide. If the child is so small that the
shoulder belt is still very close to the child’s face or
neck, you might want to place the child in a seat
that has a lap belt, if your vehicle has one.
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt. The
belt can’t properly spread the impact forces. In a
crash, the two children can be crushed together
and seriously injured. A belt must be used by
only one person at a time.
1-55
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt in this way, in
a crash the child might slide under the belt. The
belt’s force would then be applied right on the
child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
1-56
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is
torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts or LATCH
system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH
system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the
belt or LATCH system wasn’t being used at the time
of the collision.
If your seat adjuster won’t work after a crash, the special
part of the safety belt that goes through the seat to the
adjuster may need to be replaced.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier
in this section.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
1-57
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is
working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
2-2
2-4
2-6
2-10
2-16
2-17
2-18
2-20
2-22
2-22
2-24
2-25
2-26
2-29
2-30
2-33
2-33
2-34
Windows
Keys
Door Locks
Remote Keyless Entry System
Trunk
Theft
Content Theft-Deterrent (If Equipped)
PASS-KeyR III
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Parking Brake
Shifting Into PARK (P)
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
2-
2-34
2-35
2-36
2-43
2-47
2-50
2-54
2-58
2-61
2-62
2-66
2-68
2-71
2-82
2-92
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
Sunroof (Option)
HomeLinkR Transmitter (If Equipped)
The Instrument Panel -- Your
Information System
Instrument Panel Clusters
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
Driver Information Center (DIC)
(If Equipped)
Head-Up Display (HUD) (If Equipped)
2-1
Windows
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows
closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome by
the extreme heat and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never
leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially with the
windows closed in warm or hot weather.
2-2
Power Windows
Express-Down Windows
The driver’s and front passenger’s windows have
an express-down feature. Pull the AUTO control
back all the way; release it and the window will lower
automatically. To stop the window from lowering, pull
the AUTO control again. To partially open the window,
pull the AUTO control back slightly. To raise the
window, push and hold the AUTO control forward.
Window Lock
Press the LOCK button on the driver’s door armrest to
disable all passenger window controls. (If you have
a Driver Information Center (DIC), you can also set
the control to only lock out the rear window controls.
See “Driver Information Center (DIC)” in the Index.)
The driver’s window controls will still be operable.
The power window controls located on the driver’s
door armrest operate each of the windows while the
ignition is on or while Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
is active. In addition, each passenger door has a
control for its own window. See “Retained Accessory
Power (RAP)” in the Index for more information.
Press the LOCK button again to allow passengers
to use their window controls.
2-3
Keys
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. Don’t
leave the keys in a vehicle with children.
2-4
There is a master key
that works in all of the
lock cylinders (driver’s
door, trunk, ignition,
and glove box).
Your vehicle has the PASS-KeyR III vehicle theft
system. Both the master and VALET key have a
transponder in the key head that matches a decoder in
the vehicle’s steering column. If a replacement key or
any additional key is needed, you must purchase this key
from your dealer. The key will have PK3 stamped on it.
Keep the bar code tag that came with the original keys.
Give this tag to your dealer if you need a new key made.
Any new PASS-Key III key must be programmed before
it will start your vehicle. See “PASS-KeyR III” in the Index
for more information on programming your new key.
There is also a VALET
key which only operates
the driver’s door and
the ignition.
If your vehicle is equipped with the OnStarR System
with an active subscription and you lock your keys
inside the vehicle, OnStar may be able to send a
command to unlock your vehicle. See “OnStarR” in the
Index for more information.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle has a number of features that can help
prevent theft. But you can have a lot of trouble
getting into your vehicle if you ever lock your keys
inside. You may even have to damage your vehicle
to get in. So be sure you have extra keys.
2-5
Door Locks
CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
D Passengers -- especially children -- can easily
open the doors and fall out of a moving vehicle.
When a door is locked, the handle won’t open
it. You increase the chance of being thrown out
of the vehicle in a crash if the doors aren’t
locked. So, wear safety belts properly and
lock the doors whenever you drive.
D Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
D Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or stop
your vehicle. Locking your doors can help
prevent this from happening.
2-6
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
If your vehicle has a content theft-deterrent system,
unlock the doors only with the key or remote keyless
entry system. This will avoid setting off the alarm.
To unlock the door from the outside, use your door key
or remote keyless entry transmitter. Turning the door
key toward the front of the vehicle will lock the door.
Turning the door key toward the rear of the vehicle will
unlock it.
To unlock the door from the inside, move the manual
door lock located above the door handle rearward. To
lock the door, move the manual door lock forward.
Central Door Unlocking System
If your vehicle has a theft-deterrent system, all doors
will unlock if the key is held in the outside key cylinder
unlock position for more than two seconds. The doors
will also unlock if the key is turned to the unlock
position twice in three seconds.
Power Door Locks
With power door locks, you can lock or unlock all the
doors on your vehicle.
The power door lock
switches are located
on the driver’s and front
passenger’s door panels.
Automatic Door Locks
Close the doors and turn on the ignition. Every time you
move the shift lever out of PARK (P), all of the doors
will lock. And, every time you stop and move the shift
lever into PARK (P), the doors will unlock. If someone
needs to get out while you’re not in PARK (P), have that
person use the manual door lock control or power door
lock switch. When the door is closed again, it will not
lock automatically. If you need to lock the doors before
shifting out of PARK (P), use the manual door lock
control or power door lock switch.
Personal Choice Programming
You can program the automatic door locks feature to
change to the following modes:
Mode 0: No automatic door lock or unlock.
Mode 1: All doors automatically lock when shifted
out of PARK (P). No automatic door unlock.
Door Ajar Reminder (If Equipped)
If your vehicle is equipped with the Driver Information
Center (DIC), and a door is not fully closed, the DIC
will display a DOOR AJAR message. See “Driver
Information Center (DIC)” in the Index.
Mode 2: All doors automatically lock when shifted
out of PARK (P). Only the driver’s door automatically
unlocks when shifted into PARK (P).
Mode 3: All doors automatically lock when shifted
out of PARK (P). All doors automatically unlock when
shifted into PARK (P).
2-7
If your vehicle is equipped with the DIC, you must use
it to program this feature. See “Driver Information
Center (DIC)” in the Index.
This procedure only changes the mode for the
transmitter used to change this setting. The procedure
will need to be repeated for the second transmitter.
If your vehicle is not equipped with the DIC, use the
following procedure to change modes:
Delayed Locking
3. Press the button with the lock symbol on the remote
keyless entry transmitter. The automatic door locks
will remain in the current mode.
This feature lets the driver delay the actual locking of
the vehicle. When the driver’s power door lock switch
or remote keyless entry lock button is pressed with the
key removed from the ignition, and the driver’s door
open, a chime will sound three times to signal that the
delayed locking system is active. When all doors have
been closed, the doors will lock automatically after
five seconds. If any door is opened before this, the
five-second timer will reset itself once all the doors
have been closed again.
4. Press the button with the lock symbol on the
transmitter again. Each time this button is
pressed, the mode will advance by one, going
from 3 to 0 to 1, etc.
Pressing the driver’s power door lock switch or remote
keyless entry transmitter button again will override this
feature. Pressing the front passenger’s power door lock
switch will also override this feature.
1. Close all the doors and turn the ignition on. Keep all
doors closed throughout this procedure.
2. Press and hold LOCK on the driver’s power door
lock switch throughout this procedure. All the doors
will lock.
The door locks will cycle according to the mode
entered while customizing the memory door locks.
(Mode 0 has no feedback.)
5. Release the power door lock switch. The automatic door
locks will remain in the most recent mode selected.
2-8
Personal Choice Programming
Rear Door Security Lock
The delayed locking feature can be turned on or off.
Your vehicle is equipped
with rear door security
locks that prevent
passengers from opening
the rear doors of your
vehicle from the inside.
If your vehicle is equipped with the DIC, you must use
it to program this feature. See “Driver Information
Center (DIC)” in the Index.
To turn the feature on, do the following:
1. Close all the doors and turn the ignition on.
Keep all doors closed throughout this procedure.
2. Press and hold LOCK on the driver’s power door
lock switch throughout this procedure. All the doors
will lock.
3. Press the button with the unlock symbol on the
transmitter. The lock delay is still off and all doors
will remain locked.
4. Press the button with the unlock symbol on the
transmitter again. Lock delay is now active and all
doors will unlock.
Using One of These Locks
1. Open the rear door you want to lock.
2. Move the lever located on the inside door edge,
all the way up to the ENGAGED position.
3. Close the door.
5. Release the power door lock switch.
4. Do the same thing to the other rear door lock.
To turn this feature off, repeat the previous procedure.
The rear doors of your vehicle cannot be opened from
the inside when this feature is in use.
This procedure only changes the mode for the
transmitter used to change this setting. The procedure
will need to be repeated for the second transmitter.
2-9
Opening a Rear Door When the Security Lock is On
Leaving Your Vehicle
1. Unlock the door.
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your
door and set the locks from the inside. Then get out and
close the door. Or, you may also use the button with the
lock symbol on the remote keyless entry transmitter
after shutting the doors.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
If you don’t cancel the security lock feature, adults or
older children who ride in the rear seat won’t be able to
open the rear door from the inside. You should let adults
and older children know how these security locks work,
and how to cancel the locks.
If your vehicle has a theft-deterrent system,
see “Content Theft-Deterrent” in the Index.
Canceling the Rear Door Lock
Remote Keyless Entry System
1. Unlock and open the door from the outside.
2. Move the lever all the way down.
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
The rear door locks will now work normally.
Lockout Protection
The power door locks will not work if the key is in the
ignition and a door is open. You can override this feature
by holding the driver’s side power door lock switch for
more than three seconds.
2-10
With this feature, you can lock and unlock your doors
or unlock your trunk from about 3 feet (1 m) up to
30 feet (9 m) away using the remote keyless entry
transmitter supplied with your vehicle.
Your keyless entry system operates on a radio frequency
subject to Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
Operation
If your vehicle is equipped with the DIC, the numbers
on the back of your transmitter correspond to
DRIVER #1 and DRIVER #2 on the DIC. For more
information see “Driver Information Center (DIC)” in
the Index.
When the unlock symbol is
pressed, the driver’s door
will unlock and the exterior
lights will flash twice.
D Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
D Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left
or right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
D Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructions that follow.
D If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or
a qualified technician for service.
If the unlock symbol is pressed again within five
seconds, all doors will unlock, the exterior lamps will
flash twice and the horn may sound. See “Security
Feedback” in the Index.
Pressing the unlock symbol button will also illuminate
the interior lamps. See “Illuminated Entry” in the Index.
2-11
When the lock symbol is pressed, all doors will lock, the
exterior lamps will flash once and the horn may sound.
The trunk will unlock when the trunk symbol is pressed
when the ignition is in OFF. The trunk symbol will
also work when the ignition is on, but only while the
transaxle is in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Instant Alarm
When the button with the horn symbol on the remote
keyless entry transmitter is pressed, the horn will sound
and the headlamps and taillamps will flash for up to
30 seconds. This can be turned off by pressing the
instant alarm button again or by turning the ignition
on. If your vehicle is equipped with the content
theft-deterrent feature, you may also turn off the
instant alarm by unlocking the vehicle with a key.
Personal Choice Features
The following list of features, if available on your
vehicle, can be programmed to each driver’s preference.
D Automatic Door Locks: This feature programs
your door locks to automatically lock or unlock
when shifting in and out of PARK (P).
D Security Feedback: This feature provides feedback
to the driver when the vehicle receives a command
from the remote keyless entry transmitter.
D Delayed Locking: This feature lets the driver delay
the actual locking of the vehicle. When all doors
have been closed, the doors will lock automatically
after five seconds.
D Perimeter Lighting: When the button with the
unlock symbol on the remote keyless entry
transmitter is pressed, the DRL, parking lamps
and back-up lamps will turn on.
For more detailed information and programming
instructions, refer to the Index for each individual
feature listed above.
2-12
Security Feedback
This feature provides feedback to the driver when the
vehicle receives a command from the remote keyless
entry transmitter. Feedback is only provided if all
doors are closed, the ignition is off and the RAP is
inactive. One of the following modes may be selected
for each transmitter:
Mode 1: No feedback when locking or
unlocking vehicle.
Mode 2: Parking lamps, back-up lamps and the
DRL exterior lamps will flash twice when unlocking
the vehicle and flash once when locking the vehicle.
Mode 3: Horn chirps when all doors are unlocked
(second time the button is pressed) and when locking
the vehicle.
Mode 4: Parking lamps, back-up lamps and the DRL
exterior lamps will flash twice each time the button with
the unlock symbol is pressed; the horn chirps when
all doors are unlocked. Parking lamps and the DRL
exterior lamps flash once and the horn chirps when
locking the vehicle.
Feedback will be provided according to the mode that
has been selected. The exterior lamps will not flash if
the manual parking lamps are on.
If your vehicle is equipped with the DIC, you must
program this feature using it. See “Driver Information
Center (DIC)” in the Index.
If your vehicle is not equipped with the DIC, do the
following to change to another mode:
1. Close all the doors and turn the ignition on.
Keep all doors closed throughout this procedure.
2. Press and hold LOCK on the driver’s power door
lock switch throughout this procedure. All the doors
will lock.
3. Press the trunk button on the transmitter.
The security feedback will remain in its current
mode. The horn will chirp as feedback.
4. Press the trunk button again. Each time the trunk
button is pressed, the security feedback will advance
to the next mode, and the horn will chirp.
5. Release the power door lock switch. The
security feedback will remain in the most
current mode selected.
2-13
This procedure only changes the mode for the
transmitter used to change this setting. The procedure
will need to be repeated for the second transmitter.
To verify the mode selected, remove the key from the
ignition and close all of the doors after you’ve exited
the vehicle. Press the lock button on the transmitter to
be verified and confirm the appropriate feedback.
Repeat with the unlock button.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring
any remaining transmitters with you when you go to
your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock your
vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of four
transmitters matched to it.
See your dealer to have additional transmitters matched
to your vehicle.
2-14
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about four years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
NOTICE:
When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your
body transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
To replace the battery, do the following:
1. Insert a coin, or similar object, into the notch near
the key ring. Turn it counterclockwise to separate the
two halves of the transmitter.
2. Once the transmitter is separated, use a pencil eraser
to remove the old battery. Do not use a metal object.
3. Remove and replace the battery. Replace it as the
instructions inside the cover indicate.
4. Snap the transmitter back together tightly to be
sure no moisture can enter.
5. Check the operation of the transmitter.
For battery replacement, use one DuracellR battery,
type DL-2032, or a similar type.
2-15
Trunk
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk lid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even death.
If you must drive with the trunk lid open or if
electrical wiring or other cable connections must
pass through the seal between the body and the
trunk lid:
D Make sure all other windows are shut.
D Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on VENT. That will force outside air into
your vehicle. See “Comfort Controls” in
the Index.
D If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Trunk Lock Release
To unlock the trunk from the outside, insert the master
key and turn it clockwise.
Remote Trunk Release and Trunk Lockout
The TRUNK release button
is located on the driver’s
door trim map pocket.
Push this button to open the trunk. The transaxle must
be in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) for the remote trunk
release button to work.
To lock the trunk from inside your vehicle, insert the
master key and turn it clockwise to LOCK. The VALET
key will not work in this procedure.
Trunk Security Override
The remote keyless entry transmitter, will open the trunk
even if the trunk release lockout switch is in LOCK.
2-16
Trunk Release Handle
If your vehicle does have this feature, there is a
glow-in-the-dark trunk release handle located near the
trunk latch. This handle will glow following exposure to
light. Pull the release handle up to open
the trunk from the inside.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Key in the Ignition
Your vehicle may be equipped with a truck release handle.
Some early production vehicles may not have this feature.
NOTICE:
The trunk release handle was not designed to
be used to tie down the trunk lid or as an anchor
point when securing items in the trunk. Improper
use of the trunk release handle could damage it.
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
With the ignition off and the driver’s door open, you’ll
hear a chime reminding you to remove your key from
the ignition and take it with you. Always do this. Your
steering wheel will be locked, and so will your ignition
and transaxle. And remember to lock the doors.
2-17
Parking at Night
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
Content Theft-Deterrent
(If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have
a content theft-deterrent
alarm system. With this
system, the SECURITY
light will flash as you open
the door (if your ignition
is off).
Parking Lots
Even if you park in a lot where someone will be
watching your vehicle, it’s still best to lock it up and
take your keys. But what if you have to leave your
ignition key?
D If possible, park in a busy, well-lit area.
D Put your valuables in a storage area, like your trunk
or glove box.
D Be sure to close and lock the storage area.
D Close all windows.
D Insert the master key into the trunk release button
and turn it to LOCK.
D Lock the glove box.
D Lock all doors except the driver’s.
D Give the valet key to the valet. Then take the master
key with you.
2-18
This light reminds you to activate the content
theft-deterrent system when leaving your vehicle.
To activate the system, do the following:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door with the power door lock switch or
with the remote keyless entry transmitter. The
SECURITY light should come on and stay on.
3. Close all doors. The SECURITY light should go off
after about 30 seconds. The alarm is not armed until
the SECURITY light goes off.
If a door is opened without the key or remote
keyless entry transmitter, the alarm will go off.
Your vehicle’s lamps will flash and the horn will
sound for 30 seconds. The lamps and horn will
then turn off to save battery power.
Testing the Alarm
Remember, the content theft-deterrent system won’t
activate if you lock the doors with a key or use the
manual door lock. It activates only if you use a power
door lock switch with a door open, or with the remote
keyless entry transmitter. You should also remember that
you can start your vehicle with the correct ignition key
if the alarm has been set off.
2. Activate the system by locking the doors with the
power door lock switch while the door is open, or
with the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Here’s how to avoid setting off the alarm by accident:
D If you don’t want to activate the theft-deterrent
system, the vehicle should be locked with the door
key after the doors are closed.
D Always unlock a door with a key, or use the remote
keyless entry transmitter. Unlocking a door any other
way will set off the alarm.
If you set off the alarm by accident, unlock the driver’s
door with your key. You can also turn off the alarm
by pressing the button with the unlock symbol on the
remote keyless entry transmitter. The alarm won’t stop
if you try to unlock a door any other way.
The alarm can be tested by following these steps:
1. From inside the vehicle, roll down the driver’s
window and open the driver’s door.
3. Get out of the car, close the door and wait for the
SECURITY light to go out.
4. Then reach in through the window, unlock the door
with the manual door lock and open the door. This
should set off the alarm.
If the alarm does not sound when it should, but the
vehicle’s lamps flash, check to see if the horn works.
The horn fuse may be blown. To replace the fuse, see
“Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index.
If the alarm does not sound or the vehicle’s lamps do
not flash, the vehicle should be serviced by an
authorized service center.
2-19
PASS-KeyR III
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key III
(Personalized Automotive
Security System)
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key III is a passive
theft-deterrent system. This
means you don’t have to do
anything different to arm or
disarm the system. It works
when you insert or remove
the key from the ignition.
Your PASS-Key III system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
2-20
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
PASS-Key III uses a radio frequency transponder in the
key that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
When the PASS-Key III system senses that someone is
using the wrong key, it shuts down the vehicle’s starter
and fuel systems. The starter will not work and fuel will
stop being delivered to the engine. Anyone using a
trial-and-error method to start the vehicle will be
discouraged because of the high number of electrical
key codes.
When trying to start the vehicle if the engine does not
start and the SECURITY light comes on, the key may
have a damaged transponder. Turn the ignition off and
try again.
If the engine still does not start, and the key appears to
be undamaged, try another ignition key. At this time,
you may also want to check the fuse (see “Fuses and
Circuit Breakers” in the Index). If the engine still does
not start with the other key, your vehicle needs service.
If your vehicle does start, the first key may be faulty.
See your dealer who can service the PASS-Key III to
have a new key made.
It is possible for the PASS-Key III decoder to learn the
transponder value of a new or replacement key. Up to
10 additional keys may be programmed for the vehicle.
This procedure is for learning additional keys only.
Canadian Owners: If you lose or damage your keys,
only a GM dealer can service PASS-Key III to have new
keys made. To program additional keys you will need
two current driver’s keys. You must add a step to the
following procedure. After Step 2, repeat Steps 1 and 2
with the second current driver’s key. Then continue
with Step 3.
To program the new key, do the following:
1. Verify that the new key has “PK3” stamped on it.
2. Insert the current driver’s key in the ignition and
start the engine. If the engine will not start, see your
dealer for service.
3. After the engine has started, turn the key to OFF,
and remove the key.
4. Insert the key to be programmed and turn it to RUN
within 10 seconds of removing the previous key.
5. The SECURITY telltale light will turn off once the
key has been programmed. It may not be apparent
that the SECURITY light went on due to how
quickly the key is programmed.
6. Repeat Steps 1 through 4 if additional keys are to
be programmed.
If you are ever driving and the SECURITY light
comes on and stays on, you will be able to restart your
engine if you turn it off. Your PASS-Key III system,
however, is not working properly and must be serviced
by your dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by the
PASS-Key III system at this time.
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key III key, see your
dealer to have a new key made.
2-21
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long
run if you follow these guidelines:
D Don’t drive at any one speed -- fast or
slow -- for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
D Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
D Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for
more information.
2-22
Ignition Positions
With the key in the ignition switch, you can turn it to
five different positions.
(A) ACCESSORY: This position lets you use your
electrical power accessories such as power windows,
power sunroof (option), radio and the windshield
wipers. To use, push in the ignition key and turn it
toward you. Your steering wheel will remain locked,
just as it was before you inserted the key.
(B) LOCK: This is the only position in which you
can remove the key. This position locks your ignition,
steering wheel and transaxle. It’s a theft-deterrent feature.
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correct key;
if so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and right while you turn the
key hard. Turn the key only with your hand.
Using a tool to force it could break the key or
the ignition switch. If none of this works, then
your vehicle needs service.
(C) OFF: This position lets you turn off the engine but
still turn the steering wheel. It doesn’t lock the steering
wheel like LOCK and it doesn’t send any electrical
power to the accessories. The instrument panel cluster
will remain powered in LOCK to illuminate the gear
shift indicator. The cluster will also activate the parking
brake light when the parking brake is set. Use UNLOCK
if you must have your vehicle in motion while the
engine is not running.
(D) RUN: This is the position the switch returns to after
you start your engine and release the switch. This is also
the position for normal driving. Even when the engine is
not running, you can use RUN to operate your power
accessories and to display some instrument panel
warning lights.
(E) START: This position starts your engine. When
the engine starts, release the key. The ignition switch
will return to RUN for normal driving.
Key Reminder Warning
If you leave your key in OFF, you will hear a warning
chime when you open the driver’s door.
Always leave your key in LOCK. If you leave it in any
other position, you will drain your battery power.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
After you turn the ignition off and remove the key,
you will still have power to such accessories as the
power windows, audio steering wheel controls
(if equipped), clock, sunroof (option) and the radio
for up to 10 minutes. The instrument panel cluster
lights will stay on for a few seconds, then will go out.
Once you open a door, the power will shut off.
2-23
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s
a safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle
is moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
2-24
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If it doesn’t start within 10 seconds, hold your key in
START for about 10 seconds at a time until your
engine starts. Wait about 15 seconds between each try.
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to
the floor and holding it there as you hold the key
in START for about three seconds. If the vehicle
starts briefly but then stops again, do the same
thing. This time keep the pedal down for five or
six seconds to clear the extra gasoline from the
engine. After waiting about 15 seconds, repeat the
normal starting procedure.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
In very cold weather, 0_F (-18_C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually, the
coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of four
hours prior to starting your vehicle. At temperatures above
32_F (0_C), use of the coolant heater is not required.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The engine coolant heater cord is located on
the passenger’s side of the vehicle, above the
headlamp assembly.
CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach,
use a heavy-duty three-prong extension cord
rated for at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for
that particular area.
2-25
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Your automatic transaxle has a shift lever located on the
steering column.
PARK (P): This position locks your front wheels.
It’s the best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle can’t move easily.
2-26
CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer”
in the Index.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic
transaxle shift lock control system. You have to fully
apply your regular brakes before you can shift from
PARK (P) when the ignition is in RUN. If you cannot
shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever
and push the shift lever all the way into PARK (P) as
you maintain brake application. Then move the shift
lever into the gear you wish. See “Shifting Out of
PARK (P)” in the Index.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see
“Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine
doesn’t connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
CAUTION:
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed)
is dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit people
or objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxle caused by shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine
racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
2-27
B
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( ): This position
is for normal driving. If you need more power for
passing, and you’re:
D Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
D Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, however, it offers more power and lower fuel
economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( ).
B
Here are some times you might choose THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( ):
B
D When driving on hilly, winding roads
D When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears
D When going down a steep hill
2-28
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power
but lower fuel economy than THIRD (3). You can use
SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your speed as
you go down steep mountain roads, but then you would
also want to use your brakes off and on.
NOTICE:
Don’t drive in SECOND (2) for more than
5 miles (8 km), or at speeds over 55 mph
(90 km/h), or you can damage your transaxle.
Use AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( ) or
THIRD (3) as much as possible.
Don’t shift into SECOND (2) unless you are
going slower than 65 mph (105 km/h), or you
can damage your engine.
B
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
(but lower fuel economy) than SECOND (2). You can
use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the
shift lever is put in FIRST (1), the transaxle won’t shift
into first gear until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
NOTICE:
If your front wheels can’t rotate, don’t try to
drive. This might happen if you were stuck in
very deep sand or mud or were up against a solid
object. You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damage the
transaxle. Use your brakes or shift into PARK (P)
to hold your vehicle in position on a hill.
Parking Brake
This vehicle has a PUSH
TO RELEASE parking
brake pedal. To set the
parking brake, hold the
regular brake pedal down
with your right foot. Push
down the parking brake
pedal with your left foot.
If the ignition is in RUN or OFF, the brake system
warning light will turn on while the parking brake is set.
The parking brake uses the brakes on the rear wheels.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down and push the parking brake pedal with
your left foot. This will release the parking brake pedal.
When you lift your left foot, the parking brake pedal
will follow it to the released position.
2-29
If you try to drive approximately 20 feet (6.1 m) with
the parking brake on, the brake light stays on and a
chime sounds until you release the parking brake.
Shifting Into PARK (P)
CAUTION:
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to
replace them, and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section
explains what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
2-30
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move,
even when you’re on fairly level ground, use
the steps that follow. If you’re pulling a trailer,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
D Move the lever up as far as it will go.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
D Pull the lever toward you.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
2-31
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the
engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the
regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move the
shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pulling it
toward you. If you can, it means that the shift lever
wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
2-32
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” in the Index.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out
of PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brake before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition is in RUN. See “Automatic Transaxle” in
the Index.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure
on the shift lever -- push the shift lever all the way
into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application.
Then move the shift lever into the gear you want.
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t
shift out of PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the key to OFF. Open and close the driver’s
door to turn off the RAP feature.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
2-33
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
D Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
D Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
D Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
D Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the road or over road debris.
D Repairs weren’t done correctly.
D Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
D Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
D Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-34
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust.”
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even
if the fan is at the highest setting. One place
this can happen is a garage. Exhaust -- with
CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See “Blizzard” in the Index.
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Horn
Press on the center area of the steering wheel to sound
the horn.
Tilt Wheel
A tilt wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel
before you drive. You can also raise it to the highest
level to give your legs more room when you exit and
enter the vehicle.
The lever that allows you to tilt the steering wheel
is located on the left side of the steering column.
To tilt the wheel, hold the
wheel and pull the lever
toward you. Then move
the wheel to a comfortable
position and release the
lever to lock the wheel
in place.
2-35
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Turn Signal and Lane Change Signals
To signal a turn, move the lever on the left side of the
steering wheel all the way up or down. The lever returns
automatically when the turn is complete.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the turn or
lane change.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
D
D
D
D
D
Turn Signal and Lane Change Signals
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Flash-To-Pass Feature
Windshield Wipers
Windshield Washer
For more information on exterior lamps, see “Exterior
Lamps” later in this section.
2-36
If your vehicle is equipped with the Head-Up Display
(HUD), an arrow will also appear in the display area
to indicate the direction of the turn or lane change.
See “Head-Up Display (HUD)” in the Index for
more information.
Raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to flash to
signal a lane change. Hold it there until the lane change
is complete. The lever will return by itself when you
release it.
If the arrows flash very fast as you signal a turn or a
lane change, a signal bulb may be burned out and other
drivers won’t see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you
signal a turn, check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index) and for burned-out bulbs.
If your vehicle is equipped with the Head-Up Display
(HUD), an arrow will also appear in the display area to
indicate the high beams are on (See “Head-Up Display
(HUD)” in Index for more information).
Turn Signal On Chime
Flash-To-Pass Feature
If your turn signal is left on for more than 0.8 miles
(1.3 km), a chime will sound at each flash of the turn
signal. To turn off the chime, move the turn signal lever
to the off position.
This feature lets you use the high-beam headlamps to
signal the driver in front of you that you want to pass.
It works even if your headlamps are off.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
To change the headlamps from low beam to high beam
or high beam to low beam, pull the turn signal lever
toward you and release it.
When the high beams are
on, this light located on the
instrument panel cluster will
also be on.
Pull the turn signal lever toward you briefly to
flash-to-pass.
If the headlamps are off or on low beam, the high-beam
headlamps will turn on. They’ll stay on as long as you
hold the lever toward you and the high-beam indicator
on the instrument panel cluster comes on. Release the
lever to turn the high-beam headlamps off.
2-37
Windshield Wipers
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band away
from you to the LO position. For high-speed wiping,
turn the band further, to HI. To stop the wipers, turn
the band to OFF.
The wiper speed may be set for a long or short delay
between wipes. Turn the band to choose the delay time.
The closer to LO, the shorter the delay.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wiper motor.
A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools.
Clear away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
Keep in mind that damaged wiper blades may prevent
you from seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid
damage, be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper
blades before using them. If your blades do become
damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
The windshield wipers are controlled by turning the
band marked WIPER.
For a single wiping cycle, turn the band to MIST. Hold
it there until the wipers start, then let go. The wipers will
stop after one cycle. If you want more cycles, hold the
band on MIST longer.
2-38
If your windshield wipers are on for more than
six seconds while you are driving, the low-beam
headlamps, instrument panel cluster backlighting
and taillamps will turn on. For more information
see “Wiper-Activated Headlamps” in the Index.
Rainsense
t II Wipers (If Equipped)
The moisture sensor is mounted on the interior of the
windshield below the rearview mirror and is used to
automatically operate the wipers. This system operates
by monitoring the amount of moisture build-up on
the windshield. Wipes occur as needed to clear the
windshield depending on the driving conditions and
the sensitivity setting. In light rain or snow, fewer wipes
will occur. In heavy rain or snow, wipes will occur more
frequently. The system will operate in the delay, low
speed and high speed modes. If the system is left on
for long periods of time, occasional wipes may occur
without any moisture on the windshield. This is normal
and indicates that the Rainsense system is active.
The Rainsense system is activated by turning the wiper
control band to one of the five sensitivity levels within
the delay area. The delay position closest to OFF/MIST
is the lowest sensitivity setting, level one. This allows
more rain or snow to collect on the windshield between
wipes. You can increase the sensitivity of the system and
the frequency of wipes by turning the wiper control
band away from you to the higher sensitivity levels.
The highest sensitivity setting, level five, is closest to
the LO position. A single wipe will occur each time you
turn the wiper control band to a higher sensitivity level
to indicate that the sensitivity level has been increased.
NOTICE:
The wipers must be turned off when going
through a car wash to avoid damage.
The MIST and wash cycles operate as normal and are
not affected by the Rainsense function. The system can
be overridden at any time by manually changing the
wiper control to LO or HI speed.
NOTICE:
Do not place stickers or other items on the
exterior glass surface directly in front of the
rainsensor. Doing this could cause the rainsensor
to malfunction.
2-39
Windshield Washer
Cruise Control
At the top of the turn signal/multifunction lever, there’s
a paddle with the word PUSH on it. To spray washer
fluid on the windshield, push the paddle. The wipers
will clear the window and either stop or return to your
preset speed. For more washer cycles, push and hold
the paddle.
CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
Ice build up can block washer nozzles. Remove ice for
proper operation.
See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index for
more information.
2-40
The switches to operate cruise control are located on the
steering wheel.
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This is helpful on long trips.
Cruise control does not work at speeds below about
25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control
shuts off.
Setting Cruise Control
CAUTION:
D Cruise control can be dangerous where
D
you can’t drive safely at a steady speed.
So, don’t use your cruise control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control.
Don’t use cruise control on slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the optional
traction control system begins to limit wheel spin,
the cruise control will automatically disengage. See
“Traction Control System” in the Index. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
turn the cruise control back on.
CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you don’t want to.
You could be startled and even lose control.
Keep the cruise control switch off until you
want to use cruise control.
1. Press the ON/OFF switch to turn cruise control on.
(ON/OFF is located on the bottom left of the steering
wheel.) An indicator light will come on to show that
cruise control is on.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Press the SET/COAST switch and the CRUISE
light on the instrument panel cluster will illuminate.
(The switch is located on the bottom right of the
steering wheel.)
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
2-41
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts off
the cruise control. But you don’t need to reset it.
Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or
more, you can briefly press the RESUME/ACCEL
(resume/accelerate) switch to return to your desired
preset speed.
You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and stay
there. If you press and hold the RESUME/ACCEL
switch, the vehicle will keep going faster until you
release the switch or apply the brake. So unless you
want to go faster, don’t press and hold the
RESUME/ACCEL switch.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
D Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher
speed. Press the SET/COAST switch, then release
it and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now cruise at the
higher speed.
2-42
D Press the RESUME/ACCEL switch. Hold it there
until you get up to the speed you want, and then
release it. (To increase your speed in very small
amounts, briefly press the RESUME/ACCEL
switch and then release it. Each time you do this,
your vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.)
The accelerate feature will only work after you
have set the cruise control speed by pressing the
SET/COAST switch.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
D Press the SET/COAST switch until you reach the
lower speed you want, then release it.
D To slow down in very small amounts, push the
SET/COAST switch briefly. Each time you do
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
Exterior Lamps
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Applying the brake or shifting
into a lower gear will take your vehicle out of cruise
control. If you need to apply the brake or shift to
a lower gear due to the grade of the downhill slope,
you may not want to attempt to use your cruise
control feature.
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
D Step lightly on the brake pedal; or
D press ON/OFF.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
The exterior lamp control
buttons are located to the
left of the steering column.
(Parking Lamps): Pressing the button with this
symbol turns on the parking lamps, together with the
following:
D
D
D
D
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
License Plate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
(Headlamps): Pressing the button with this symbol
turns on the headlamps, together with the previously
listed lamps and lights.
2-43
Wiper-Activated Headlamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
This feature turns on the low-beam headlamps,
instrument panel cluster backlighting and taillamps
when the Twilight SentinelR is in day mode and after
the windshield wipers have been in use for
approximately six seconds.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier
for others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully
functional daytime running lamps are required on all
vehicles first sold in Canada.
To operate the wiper-activated headlamps, the Twilight
Sentinel must be on. If the wiper-activated headlamps
are on and the ignition switch is turned to RUN, the
wiper-activated headlamps will continue. When you
turn the key to OFF, the wiper-activated headlamps
will immediately turn off. The wiper-activated
headlamps will also turn off if you turn off the
Twilight Sentinel or the windshield wipers.
Lamps On Reminder
If you leave the exterior lamp buttons for the headlamps
or parking lamps on, remove the key from the ignition
and open the driver’s door, you will hear a continuous
warning chime. The chime will turn off when the lamps
are turned off.
2-44
A light sensor on top of the instrument panel monitors
the exterior light level for the operation of DRL and
Twilight Sentinel, so be sure it isn’t covered.
The DRL system will make your high-beam headlamps
turn on at reduced brightness in daylight when the
following conditions are met:
D The ignition is on,
D the exterior lamp button for the headlamps is off and
D the transaxle is not in PARK (P).
When the DRL are on, only your high-beam headlamps
will be on. The parking lamps, taillamps, sidemarker
and other lamps won’t be on.
When it is dark enough outside, your low-beam
headlamps will come on. The other lamps that turn on
with your headlamps will also turn on. When it is bright
enough outside, the regular lamps will go off, and your
high-beam headlamps change to the reduced brightness
of DRL.
Twilight SentinelR
Twilight Sentinel turns your headlamps on and off by
sensing how dark it is outside.
The lever for this feature is
located to the left of the
steering column.
To turn off all exterior lighting at night when you are
parked, turn off the headlamps and move the Twilight
Sentinel lever all the way toward OFF. The exterior
lamps will turn back on automatically when you move
the transaxle out of PARK (P).
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
Cornering Lamps (If Equipped)
The cornering lamps come on when the headlamps
or parking lamps are on and you signal a turn with
the multifunction lever. They provide more light
for cornering.
To operate it, leave the exterior lamp button off.
If you slide the lever all the way to MAX, your
headlamps will remain on for about three minutes after
you turn off your engine. As you slide the lever toward
OFF, the headlamps will turn off more quickly when
you move your key from RUN. You can change this
delay time from only a few seconds to three minutes.
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The exterior lamps can be completely shut off while
the vehicle is in PARK (P) by sliding the Twilight
Sentinel lever all the way toward OFF, and releasing it.
To turn the exterior lamps back on, slide the lever all
the way toward OFF again, and release it; or, shift out
of PARK (P).
Light Sensor
Your Twilight Sentinel and
DRL work with the light
sensor located on top of the
instrument panel.
Park Lamp Override Feature
If the Twilight Sentinel lighting is active, it can be
disabled by turning on the manual parking lamps.
The lighting will be disabled until the ignition is moved
from RUN or until the outside light level becomes
daylight. The outside light level changing to daylight
will cause the Twilight Sentinel feature to deactivate.
The wiper-activated headlamps will override the
twilight disable feature.
Don’t cover it up. If you do, the sensor will read “dark”
and the Twilight Sentinel lighting will turn on.
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver
If the exterior lamp button has been left on, the exterior
lamps will turn off approximately 10 minutes after the
ignition is turned to LOCK and any door has been
opened. This protects draining the battery in case you
have accidentally left the headlamps or parking lamps
on. If you need to leave the lamps on for more than
10 minutes, use the manual control to turn the lamps
back on after the ignition is turned to LOCK and any
door is opened. To delay the lamps from turning off,
see “Twilight Sentinel” in the index.
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Interior Lamps
Courtesy Lamps
Instrument Panel Brightness Control
If it is dark enough outside, when any door is opened,
several lamps go on. They make it easy for you to enter
and leave the vehicle. You can also turn these lamps on
by sliding the INTERIOR lever all the way to the top.
The lever for this feature is
located to the left of the
steering column.
Illuminated Entry
If it is dark enough outside when you press the button
with the unlock symbol on the remote keyless entry
transmitter, the interior courtesy lamps will turn on and
stay on for approximately 40 seconds. The lamps will
turn off immediately by pressing the button with the
lock symbol on the remote keyless entry transmitter,
turning the ignition key to RUN or activating the
power door locks.
The brightness of the instrument panel lights can be
adjusted by sliding the INTERIOR lever from LO to HI.
The instrument panel lights will be on only when the
parking lamps are on. The interior courtesy lamps can
be turned on by sliding the INTERIOR lever all the
way to the top, to HI.
Delayed Entry Lighting
If it is dark enough outside when you open the door, the
interior lamps will turn on. When you close the door
with the ignition off, the interior lamps will stay on for
up to 25 seconds or until the ignition is turned to an on
position. When the lamps turn off as a result of the
25 second timer or the ignition switch being turned on,
the lighting will deactivate via the theater dimming
effect. Locking the doors will override the delayed entry
lighting feature and the lamps will turn off right away.
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Theater Dimming
Personal Choice Programming
This feature allows for a three to five-second fade out of
the courtesy lamps instead of immediate turn off.
This feature can be programmed in the on or off mode
for each transmitter.
Delayed Exit Lighting
If your vehicle is equipped with the Driver Information
Center (DIC), you must use it to program this feature.
See “Driver Information Center (DIC)” in the Index.
If it is dark enough outside when you remove the key
from the ignition, the interior lamps will turn on and
stay on for approximately 25 seconds. This will give
you time to find the door pull handle or lock switches.
Once the key is inserted into the ignition the exit
lighting will be cancelled and the lighting will fade out.
Perimeter Lighting
If it is dark enough outside when the button with the
unlock symbol on the remote keyless entry transmitter is
pressed, the DRL headlamps, parking lamps and
back-up lamps will come on.
To turn the feature off, do the following:
1. Close all the doors and turn the ignition on. Keep all
doors closed throughout this procedure.
2. Press and hold LOCK on the power door lock switch
throughout this procedure. All the doors will lock.
3. Press the instant alarm on the transmitter. Perimeter
lighting remains on at this time and the horn will
chirp two times.
4. Press the instant alarm on the transmitter again.
Perimeter lighting is disabled and the horn will chirp
one time.
5. Release the door lock switch. The perimeter lighting
feature is now off.
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To turn the feature on, do the following:
Front Reading Lamps
1. Close all the doors and turn the ignition on. Keep all
doors closed throughout this procedure.
2. Press and hold LOCK on the power door lock switch
throughout this procedure. All the doors will lock.
3. Press the instant alarm on the transmitter. Perimeter
lighting now remains off at this time and the horn
will chirp one time.
4. Press the instant alarm on the transmitter again.
Perimeter lighting is now enabled and the horn will
chirp two times.
5. Release the door lock switch. The perimeter lighting
feature is now on.
This procedure only changes the mode for the
transmitter used to change this setting. The procedure
will need to be repeated for the second transmitter.
The front reading lamps, located on the headliner, are
turned on or off by pressing one of the buttons located
near each lamp.
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver
This feature is designed to protect your vehicle’s battery
against drainage from the interior lamps, trunk lamp, glove
box lamp, cigarette lighters or garage door opener. When
the ignition is turned off, the power to these features will
automatically turn off after 10 minutes. Power will be
restored for an additional 10 minutes if any door is
opened, the trunk is opened or the courtesy lamp switch is
turned on. To restore power back to the cigarette lighters
the ignition must be turned back to RUN.
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Battery Load Management
The battery load management feature is designed to
monitor the vehicle’s electrical load and determine when
the battery is in a heavy discharge condition. During
times of high electrical loading, the engine may idle at a
higher rpm setting than normal to make sure the battery
charges. High electrical loads may occur when several
of the following are on: headlamps, high beams, rear
window defogger, fan at high speed, heated seats (if
equipped) and engine cooling fans.
If your vehicle’s battery remains in a heavy discharge
condition for a long period of time, the fan, rear
defogger, heated seats and heated mirrors will be
disabled and the DIC will display BATTERY SAVER
ACTIVE. This can happen either under long periods of
idling or low speed driving with high electrical loading,
or in the event of a charging system fault.
Mirrors
Day/Night Manual Rearview Mirror
When you are sitting in a comfortable driving position,
adjust the mirror so you can see clearly behind your
vehicle. The day-night adjustment allows you to adjust the
mirror to avoid glare from the headlamps behind you.
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Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror
(If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have an automatic electrochromic
day/night rearview mirror. Your vehicle’s mirror may
also contain OnStarR controls.
This is the on/off button for mirrors equipped with
OnStar controls.
When this feature is turned on, the mirror automatically
changes to reduce glare from headlamps behind you.
A photocell on the mirror senses when it is becoming
dark outside. Another photocell built into the mirror face
senses when headlamps are behind you.
At night, when the glare is too high, the mirror will
gradually darken to reduce glare (this change may take a
few seconds). The mirror will return to its clear daytime
state when the glare is reduced.
Mirror Operation
To turn on the automatic dimming feature, press AUTO
(or the on/off button for mirrors equipped with OnStar
controls). To turn off automatic dimming, press OFF
(or the on/off button for mirrors equipped with OnStar
controls). The indicator light will be illuminated when
this feature is active.
Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror
with Compass (If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have an electrochromic inside
rearview mirror with a compass. Your vehicle’s mirror
may also contain OnStarR controls.
This is the on/off button for mirrors equipped with
OnStar controls.
Pressing the MIRROR button located at the bottom of
the mirror (or the on/off button for mirrors equipped
with OnStar controls), turns the automatic dimming
feature on or off.
The mirror also includes an eight-point compass display
in the upper right corner of the mirror face. When on,
the compass automatically calibrates as the vehicle
is driven.
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar
material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray
glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause the
liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.
Mirror Operation
To turn on the automatic dimming feature, press
the MIRROR button located at the bottom of the
mirror (or press and hold the on/off button for about
three seconds for mirrors equipped with OnStar controls).
To turn off automatic dimming, press MIRROR (or press
and hold the on/off button for about three seconds for
mirrors equipped with OnStar controls) again. The green
indicator light will be illuminated when this feature is
active. The automatic dimming feature will be active each
time the vehicle is started.
Compass Operation
Press COMPASS (or the on/off button for mirrors
equipped with OnStar controls) once to turn the
compass on or off.
When the ignition and the compass feature are on, the
compass will show two character boxes for
approximately two seconds. After two seconds, the
mirror will display the compass heading.
Compass Calibration
If, after two seconds, the display does not show a
compass heading (N for North, for example), there may
be a strong magnetic field interfering with the compass.
Such interference may be caused by a magnetic antenna
mount, magnetic note pad holder or a similar magnetic
item. If the letter C should ever appear in the compass
window, the compass may need calibration.
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The mirror can be calibrated in one of two ways:
D Drive the vehicle in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less
until the display reads a direction, or
D drive the vehicle on your everyday routine.
Mirrors equipped with OnStar controls can be placed in
calibration mode by pressing and holding the on/off
button until a C is shown in the compass display.
Compass Variance
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the factory.
It will be necessary to adjust the compass to compensate
for compass variance if you live outside zone eight.
Under certain circumstances, as during a long distance
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust for
compass variance. Compass variance is the difference
between Earth’s magnetic north and true geographic
north. If not adjusted to account for compass variance,
your compass could give false readings.
To adjust for compass variance, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance zone number
on the following zone map.
2. Press and hold COMPASS (or the on/off button for
mirrors equipped with OnStar controls) until a zone
number appears in the display.
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3. Once a zone number appears in the display, press
COMPASS (or the on/off button for mirrors
equipped with OnStar controls) quickly until
the correct zone number appears in the display.
Stop pressing the button and the mirror will return
to normal operation. If C appears in the compass
window, the compass may need calibration.
See “Compass Calibration” explained previously.
Power Remote Control Mirrors
The controls for the power
remote mirrors are located
on the driver’s door armrest.
Parallel Park Assist Mirror (If Equipped)
If you have the Memory Seat and Mirrors feature,
the passenger’s outside rearview mirror includes a
tilt-down feature that operates when the shift lever is
in REVERSE (R). This feature assists the driver,
improving rear obstacle detection. When the vehicle is
shifted out of REVERSE (R), the passenger mirror will
return to its original position after a five-second delay.
This delay prevents movement of the mirror if multiple
gear transitions (REVERSE (R) to AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE ( ) to REVERSE (R)) occur
during a parallel parking maneuver. This feature can
be programmed on or off through the personal choice
selection menu. See “DIC Personal Choice Programming”
in the Index for programming instructions.
B
Press the left or right side of the L/R selector switch
located beneath the control pad to choose the left or
right mirror.
To adjust the mirror, press one of the four arrows located
on the control pad to move the mirror in the direction
you want it to go. When finished adjusting the mirrors,
leave the L/R selector switch in the center position, to
prevent unwanted mirror movement in case the control
pad is accidentally bumped while driving. Adjust each
outside mirror so that you can see a little of your
vehicle, and the area behind your vehicle.
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Convex Outside Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from
the driver’s seat.
CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
Automatic Dimming/Heated Outside
Rearview Mirror (If Equipped)
If you have this feature, the outside driver’s mirror will
adjust for the glare of headlamps behind you. This
feature is controlled using the on and off settings on
the automatic electrochromic day/night rearview mirror.
See “Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror”
earlier in this section.
When you operate the rear window defogger, a defogger
also warms the heated driver’s and passenger’s outside
rearview mirrors to help clear them of ice and snow.
Storage Compartments
Glove Box
Use the door key to lock and unlock the glove box.
To open, lift the latch release on the left side of the
glove box door.
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Front Center Console
Convenience Net (If Equipped)
Your vehicle has a center console with two storage
compartments and cupholders. The cupholders have
removable liners to hold beverage containers of different
sizes. To access the cupholders and the front storage
area, push the doors covering them back into the
console. In the front storage area you will find a place to
store a cellular phone, as well as a built-in writing
surface. Underneath this tray is a CD storage area and
another door which can be opened to retrieve items
which may fall into the space between the console and
the sliding door. To access the CD storage area, place
your finger in the oval in the top tray and lift up.
Your vehicle may have a convenience net. You’ll see it
just inside the back wall of the trunk.
To access the rear storage area, press the lift latch at the
front edge of the armrest and pull up. Inside are areas
which can be used to store a variety of items. The back
of the console may contain either additional cupholders
or air vents for the rear seat passengers.
You will also find two auxiliary power outlets located
inside the rear storage area. These outlets can be used
for accessories requiring power, such as a cellular
phone or fax machine. See “Auxiliary Power Outlets”
in the Index.
Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net. It can
help keep them from falling over during sharp turns or
quick starts and stops. For heavier loads, store them in
the trunk as far forward as you can.
You can unhook the net so that it will lie flat when
you’re not using it.
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
Pull down the front center tray to reveal the front
ashtray, cigarette lighter and auxiliary power outlet.
The front center and rear ashtrays may be removed
for cleaning. Hold the sides of the ashtray and then
pull the ashtray up and out.
NOTICE:
Don’t put papers or other flammable objects
into your ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or other
smoking materials could ignite them, causing
a damaging fire.
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To use a lighter, push the center all the way in and let
it go. When it is ready, the center will pop back out by
itself. Pull out the entire unit to use it.
NOTICE:
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating. If you do, it won’t be able to
back away from the heating element when it’s
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
The cigarette lighter will only operate when the ignition
key is in RUN and for 10 minutes after turning the
ignition off. If you would like the lighter to operate
regardless of ignition position, and for extended periods
of time, see “Engine Compartment Fuse Block” in the
Index or see your dealer.
Sun Visors
Illuminated Visor Vanity Mirrors
When you open the cover to either the passenger’s or
driver’s visor vanity mirror, the lamps will turn on. The
brightness of the lamp can be adjusted by sliding the
switch up or down.
Dual Sun Visors
Each sun visor has two parts, so that both the windshield
and door glass can be shaded at the same time. To use
the dual sun visors, flip the first visor down and turn it
toward the window. Then, flip the second visor down
toward the windshield.
Auxiliary Power Outlets
The auxiliary power outlets can be used to plug in
electrical equipment such as a cellular telephone or
CB radio.
Your vehicle may have up to three power outlets
depending on the type of front seat you have. If your
vehicle has front bucket seats with a center console, you
will find two outlets inside the rear storage compartment.
(An extra power outlet can be found in the ashtray.)
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Your vehicle may have a small cap that must be pulled
down to access the auxiliary power outlet. If it does,
when not using the outlet be sure to cover it with the
protective cap.
The auxiliary power outlets will only operate when the
ignition key is in RUN and for 10 minutes after turning
the ignition off. If you would like the outlets to operate
regardless of ignition position, and for extended periods
of time, see “Engine Compartment Fuse Block” in the
Index or contact your dealer.
NOTICE:
When using auxiliary power outlets:
D Maximum load of any electrical equipment
should not exceed 15 amps.
D Be sure to turn off any electrical equipment
when not in use. Leaving electrical
equipment on for extended periods can
drain the battery.
Certain electrical accessories may not be compatible to the
auxiliary power outlets and could result in blown vehicle or
adapter fuses. If you experience a problem see your dealer
for additional information on the auxiliary power outlets.
NOTICE:
Adding some electrical equipment to your vehicle
can damage it or keep other things from working
as they should. This wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Check with your dealer before adding
electrical equipment, and never use anything that
exceeds the amperage rating.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow
the proper installation instructions included with
the equipment.
NOTICE:
Power outlets are designed for accessory plugs
only. Do not hang any type of accessory or
accessory bracket from the plug. Improper
use of the power outlet can cause damage not
covered by your warranty.
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OnStarR System (If Equipped)
OnStar is a vehicle communications system that
offers a variety of services and provides a one-touch
hands-free communication link between you and the
OnStar Center. To receive OnStar services, a service
subscription agreement is required and an additional fee
may be required. Services are available 24 hours a day,
7 days a week. For more information, call
1-888-ONSTAR-7 (1-888-667-8277).
Emergency Button: In an emergency situation,
press the emergency service button. Upon receiving the
call, an advisor at the center will locate your vehicle and
assess the situation. If necessary, the advisor will alert
the nearest emergency service provider.
Communication Button: Press this button at
the end of a call. Also press this button to answer a call
from the center, or cancel a call if one of the other
buttons is accidentally pressed. This button is also
used to access OnStar Personal Calling and Virtual
Advisor services. See the OnStar owner package for
more information.
Volume Control: You can control the volume of
the OnStar System using either the volume control
knob on the radio or using the steering wheel volume
control (if equipped).
OnStar Services Button: Press this button once to
contact an advisor who will be able to assist you with
these services. If you are not quickly connected, the
system will automatically reset and redial. This ensures
connection to the center; there is no additional action
required. Press the Communication button to cancel the
automatic redial.
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Telltale Light: This light will indicate the status of
the system. A solid green light will come on when you
start the vehicle to let you know that the system is on
and is ready to make or receive calls.
If the light blinks green it means that an incoming or
outgoing call is in progress. Press the Communication
button if you notice the light blinking and you are not
on a call.
The light will be red in the event of an OnStar system
malfunction. If this occurs press the OnStar Services
button to attempt to contact an advisor. If the connection
is made, the advisor will assist you with steps to take to
make sure that the system is functioning properly. If you
cannot contact the advisor, take your vehicle to your
dealership as soon as possible for assistance.
Stolen Vehicle Tracking: Call the center at
1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827) to report your
vehicle stolen. The system can then attempt to locate
and track your vehicle and the advisor will assist the
proper authorities.
Cellular Antenna
Roadside Assistance with Location: For vehicle
breakdowns, press the OnStar Services button. An
advisor will contact the appropriate help.
The cellular antenna on the outside of your vehicle is
critical to effective communications using the OnStar
system. Optimum cellular reception can be obtained
when the mast is straight up and down.
Remote Diagnostics: If an instrument panel light comes
on, press the OnStar Services button. An advisor can
perform a check of the engine on-board computer, and
recommend what action needs to be taken.
OnStar Services
OnStar MED-NET: Med-Net can store your personal
medical history and provide it to emergency personnel if
necessary. (Requires activation and additional fee.)
The following services are available within OnStar
service plans. Your vehicle comes with a specific
one-year service plan that allows use of some or all
of the following services.
Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment: If an
air bag deploys, a priority emergency signal is
automatically sent to the center. An advisor will locate
your vehicle’s position, try to contact you and assist you in
the situation. If the center is unable to contact you, an
emergency service provider will be contacted.
Accident Assist: An advisor can provide step-by-step
guidance following an accident.
Remote Door Unlock: To contact the center, call
1-888-4-ONSTAR. You will be required to provide
your security information. An advisor will send a
command to your vehicle to unlock itself. The advisor
can delay unlocking your vehicle. Remote Door Unlock
is disabled 48 hours after the vehicle is parked to
maintain the battery charge.
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Vehicle Locator Service: To contact the center, call
1-888-4-ONSTAR. You will be required to provide your
security information. An advisor will send a command
to your vehicle to sound the horn and/or flash the lamps.
Route Support: An advisor can provide directions or
guidance to most places you want to go. In addition,
they can help you locate gas stations, rest areas, ATMs,
hospitals, hotels, stores, eateries and more.
Ride Assist: An advisor can locate transportation in the
event that you are unable to drive.
Concierge Services: The concierge advisor can obtain
tickets, reservations, or help with vacation/trip planning
and other unique items and services.
OnStar System Limitations
Complete limitations can be found on the Subscriber
Services Agreement.
In order to provide you with excellent service, calls with
the OnStar Center may be monitored or recorded.
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OnStar Service is:
D Available in the 48 contiguous United States, Alaska,
Hawaii and Canada;
D available when the vehicle is within the operating
range of a cellular provider;
D subject to limitations caused by atmospheric
conditions, such as severe weather or topographical
conditions, such as mountainous terrain;
D subject to cellular carrier equipment limitations.
Global positioning locating capabilities will not be
available if satellite signals are obstructed.
OnStar will not function if the vehicle’s battery is
discharged or disconnected. It may also be inoperative
if the vehicle is in an accident and the OnStar or vehicle
electrical system components are damaged.
OnStar is the communication link between you and
existing governmental emergency and roadside service
providers. OnStar will receive your call and use
reasonable effort to contact an appropriate provider.
OnStar cannot promise that the providers will respond in
a timely manner or at all.
Sunroof (Option)
The sunroof has both manual and express features for
opening the glass panel and sunshade.
If your vehicle has this
option, the switch for
the sunroof is located
on the headliner between
the sun visors.
The sunroof has four positions, express open, comfort
stop, closed and vent. The switch will only work when
the ignition is on or when RAP is active. See “Retained
Accessory Power (RAP)” in the Index.
Press and hold the switch rearward to the first position
to open the glass panel and sunshade. The sunshade can
also be opened manually.
Press and release the switch rearward to the second
position to express open the glass panel to the comfort
stop position. The comfort stop position is designed
to help reduce noise and make passengers more
comfortable. When the glass panel is express opening,
pressing the switch in any direction will stop it in a
partially-opened position. The glass panel may be fully
opened by pressing the switch rearward again. If you
press and hold the switch in the express open position
for more than one and a half seconds, the express open
operation will be overridden and the sunroof will
operate manually.
To close the glass panel, press and hold the switch
forward. As the glass panel reaches the closed position,
it will open slightly toward the vent position and then
drop down to the closed position to provide a better seal.
The sunshade must be closed manually.
Once the sunroof is closed, it can be opened to the vent
position by pushing the switch upward. To close the
glass panel, pull the switch downward. The sunshade
must be opened and closed manually for vent operation.
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HomeLinkR Transmitter
(If Equipped)
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
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Programming the HomeLink Transmitter
Do not use the HomeLink Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
safety feature. This includes any garage door opener
model manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door you are programming.
It is recommended that a new battery be installed in
your hand-held transmitter for quicker and more
accurate transmission of the radio frequency.
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. Decide which one of the three channels (one of the
three HomeLink buttons) you want to program.
2. Press and hold the desired button on HomeLink
through Step 3.
3. When the HomeLink indicator light begins to blink
slowly (this may take up to 30 seconds), hold the
hand-held transmitter about 1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm)
from HomeLink and then press and hold the transmit
button on the hand-held transmitter. Continue to hold
both buttons until the indicator light on HomeLink
begins to flash rapidly (this may take up to
90 seconds).
If you have trouble programming HomeLink, make sure
that you have followed the directions exactly as
described and that the battery in the hand-held
transmitter is not weak. If you still cannot program it,
move the hand-held transmitter to the left or right or
forward or backward or flip it upside down. HomeLink
may not work with older garage door openers that do
not meet current Federal Consumer Safety Standards.
If you cannot program the transmitter after repeated
attempts, refer to “Training a Garage Door Opener with
Rolling Codes” later in this section or contact the
manufacturer of HomeLink at 1-800-355-3515,
or on the internet at www.homelink.com.
Be sure to keep the original hand-held transmitter in
case you need to erase and reprogram HomeLink.
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Training a Garage Opener with a “Rolling
Code” Feature (If Equipped)
If you have not previously programmed the hand-held
transmitter to HomeLink, see “Programming the
HomeLink Transmitter” listed previously. If you have
completed this programming already, you now need to
train the garage door opener motor head unit to
recognize HomeLink.
1. Find the “Learn” or “Smart” button on the garage
door opener motor head unit. The exact location and
color will vary by garage door opener brand. If you
have difficulty finding the “Learn” or “Smart”
button, refer to your garage door opener owner’s
manual or contact the manufacturer of HomeLink
at 1-800-355-3515, or on the internet
at www.homelink.com.
Because of the steps involved, it may be helpful
to have another person assist in programming
the transmitter.
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2. Press the “Learn” or “Smart” button on the garage
door opener motor head unit. An indicator light will
begin to flash when the motor head unit enters the
training mode.
Following this step, you have 30 seconds to
start Step 3.
3. Return to HomeLink in your vehicle and firmly
press and release the programmed HomeLink
button three times.
The rolling-code garage door opener should now
recognize HomeLink. You may either use HomeLink or
the hand-held transmitter to open the garage door.
If after following these instructions, you still have
problems training the garage door opener, contact the
manufacturer of HomeLink at 1-800-355-3515, or on
the internet at www.homelink.com.
Canadian Programming
Resetting Defaults
Canadian Owners: During programming, the
hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting after two seconds. In this case, you should
press and hold the HomeLink button (see Steps 2 and 3
under “Programming the HomeLink Transmitter”) while
you press and repress (cycle) your hand-held transmitter
every two seconds until HomeLink is trained.
To reset HomeLink to default settings, hold down the
two outside buttons on HomeLink until the indicator
light begins to flash (approximately 20 seconds).
Continue to hold the buttons until the HomeLink
indicator light turns off and then release both buttons.
Operating the HomeLink Transmitter
Accessories for HomeLink are available. If you would
like additional information, please contact the
manufacturer of HomeLink at 1-800-355-3515,
or on the internet at www.homelink.com.
Press and hold the appropriate button on HomeLink for
at least a half of a second. The indicator light will come
on while the signal is being transmitted.
Accessories
Erasing Channels
To erase all three programmed channels, hold down the
two outside buttons on HomeLink until the indicator
light begins to flash (approximately 20 seconds).
Release both buttons.
2-65
The Instrument Panel -- Your Information System
2-66
The main components of your instrument panel are the following:
A. Air Outlets
I. Head-Up Display (HUD) Controls (If Equipped)
B. Driver Information Center Buttons (If Equipped)
J. Hood Release
C. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
K. Parking Brake
D. Steering Wheel Controls (If Equipped)
L. Cruise Controls
E. Hazard Warning Flashers
M. Audio System
F. Instrument Panel Cluster
N. Climate Controls
G. Traction Control Button (If Equipped)
O. Glove Box
H. Exterior Lamp Buttons
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Instrument Panel Clusters
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using, and many other things you’ll need to drive safely and economically.
Your vehicle is equipped with one of these instrument panel clusters, which includes indicator warning lights and
gages that are explained on the following pages.
Standard Cluster (United States version shown, Canada similar)
2-68
Cluster with Tachometer (United States version shown, Canada similar)
2-69
Speedometer and Odometer
Tachometer (If Equipped)
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles or kilometers. Press The ENG/MET
button which is located to the left of the speedometer
to change from mph to km/h.
The tachometer tells you
how fast the engine is
running. It displays engine
speed in thousands of
revolutions per minute (rpm).
Your vehicle has a tamper resistant odometer.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs
a new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to
the mileage total of the old odometer, then it must be.
But if it can’t, then it’s set at zero and a label must be
put on the driver’s door to show the old mileage reading
when the new odometer was installed.
Trip Odometer
A trip odometer can tell you how far you have driven
since you last set it to zero. To reset it, push the TRIP
RESET button. If your vehicle is equipped with a DIC,
see “Driver Information Center (DIC)” in the Index for
information on resetting the trip odometer.
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NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in
the shaded area or engine damage may occur.
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle may also have a DIC that works along with
the warning lights and gages. See “Driver Information
Center (DIC)” in the Index.
The volume of your vehicle’s warning chimes can
be adjusted. For information see “Chime Level
Adjustment” in the Index.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime
will come on for about eight seconds to remind people
to fasten their safety belts.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for about 20 seconds, then
flash for 55 seconds.
If the driver’s belt is already
buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
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Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG. The system checks the
air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions. The light
tells you if there is an electrical problem. The system
check includes the air bag sensors, the air bag modules,
the wiring and the crash sensing and diagnostic module.
For more information on the air bag system,
see “Air Bag” in the Index.
This light will come on
when you start your vehicle,
and it will flash for a few
seconds. Then the light
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start
the vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your
air bag system may not work properly. Have your
vehicle serviced right away.
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CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle
serviced right away if the air bag readiness light
stays on after you start your vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few seconds
when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the light
doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be ready
to warn you if there is a problem.
Battery System Warning Light
When you turn the key to
RUN, this light will turn
on briefly to show that
the generator and battery
charging systems
are working.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
If the light stays on, a chime will sound indicating that
the vehicle needs service. You should take your vehicle
to the dealer as soon as possible. To save the battery
until you get there, turn off all accessories and set the
climate control system to OFF.
United States
Canada
This light should come on when you turn the key to
RUN. If it doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it
will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
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If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. See “Towing Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, the light(s) will
come on when your engine
is started and may stay
on for several seconds.
That’s normal.
CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake. The
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If you try to drive off with the parking brake set,
a chime will also come on until you release the parking
brake. If the light stays on after your parking brake is
fully released, it means you have a brake problem.
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If the light stays on, turn the ignition to OFF. Or, if the
light comes on when you’re driving, stop as soon as
possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine
again to reset the system. If the light still stays on, or
comes on again while you’re driving, your vehicle needs
service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t
on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock
brakes. If the regular brake system warning light is also
on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes and there’s a
problem with your regular brakes. See “Brake System
Warning Light” earlier in this section.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN.
If the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it
will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Traction Control System Warning
Light (Option)
This warning light should
come on briefly when the
engine is started.
The traction control system warning light may come
on for the following reasons:
D If you turn the system off by pressing the button
located on the end of the gearshift lever, the warning
light will come on and stay on. To turn the system
back on, press the button again. The warning light
should go off. See “Traction Control System” in
the Index for more information.
D If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
If the warning light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed
so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem. If it
stays on, or comes on when you’re driving, there may be
a problem with your traction control system and your
vehicle may need service. When this warning light is
on, the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning light will come on. If
your brakes begin to overheat, the traction control
system will turn off and the warning light will come
on until your brakes cool down.
D If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off
and the warning light will come on.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
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Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This gage shows the engine
coolant temperature. If the
pointer moves into the
shaded area, the engine
is too hot.
A temperature indicator light will turn on and a chime
will sound.
If you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions, and the temperature indicator light
comes on, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
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Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Service Engine Soon Light)
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended
to assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for
the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The SERVICE ENGINE SOON light
comes on to indicate that there is a problem and service
is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the
system before any problem is apparent. This may
prevent more serious damage to your vehicle. This
system is also designed to assist your service technician
in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
D Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
D Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
NOTICE:
Modifications made to the engine, transaxle,
exhaust, intake or fuel system of your vehicle or
the replacement of the original tires with other
than those of the same Tire Performance Criteria
(TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission controls
and may cause the SERVICE ENGINE SOON
light to come on. Modifications to these systems
could lead to costly repairs not covered by your
warranty. This may also result in a failure to pass
a required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.
If the Light Is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Reducing vehicle speed.
Avoiding hard accelerations.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount
of cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
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If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service center for service.
If the Light Is On Steady
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been
left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel
cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A
few driving trips with the cap properly installed should
turn the light off.
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Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See
“Fuel” in the Index. Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you
put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the light
to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment
and diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have
or may begin programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass
this inspection could prevent you from getting a
vehicle registration.
Here are some things you need to know in order to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
SERVICE ENGINE SOON light is on or not
working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen
if you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is designed
to evaluate critical emission control systems during
normal driving. This may take several days of routine
driving. If you have done this and your vehicle still
does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system
readiness, see your dealer or qualified service center to
prepare the vehicle for inspection.
Oil Pressure Light
If your vehicle has the
standard instrument panel
cluster, this light will come
on if there is a problem
with your vehicle’s engine
oil pressure.
If your vehicle has the optional gage cluster, you can
read your oil pressure directly from the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See “DIC Displays and
Controls” in the Index.
The oil pressure light will come on briefly when you
turn your key to RUN. That’s just a check to be sure
the light works. This is normal and doesn’t show a
problem. If it doesn’t come on and then go off, be sure
to have it fixed so it will be there to warn you if there is
a problem.
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When this light comes on and stays on, and a chime
sounds, it means oil isn’t going through the engine
properly. The oil could be low, or there might be some
other oil problem. See your dealer for service.
Service Vehicle Soon Light
This light will come on
and stay on if your vehicle
has certain non-emission
related problems.
CAUTION:
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
These problems may not be obvious and may affect
vehicle performance or durability. Consult a qualified
dealership for necessary repairs to maintain top
vehicle performance.
This light will come on briefly when the ignition is
turned on to show that it is working properly.
Security Light
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costly and is not covered by
your warranty.
Your vehicle may have
a content theft-deterrent
alarm system. With this
system, the SECURITY
light will flash as you open
the door (if your ignition
is off).
For more information see “Content Theft-Deterrent” in
the Index.
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Cruise Light
The CRUISE light comes
on when you set the
vehicle’s cruise control.
See “Cruise Control”
in the Index.
The fuel gage shows about how much fuel is in your
tank. It works only when the ignition is on. When the
indicator moves to the edge of the low fuel warning
band, the low fuel warning light will come on and a
chime will sound. You still have a little fuel left, but
you need to get more fuel right away.
Here are some things that some owners ask about.
None of these show a problem with your fuel gage:
D At the service station, the gas pump shuts off before
the gage reads full.
Fuel Gage
D It takes more (or less) fuel to fill up than the gage
indicated. For example, the gage may have indicated
half full, but it took more (or less) than half the
tank’s capacity to fill it.
D The gage moves up a little when you turn a corner,
speed up or make a hard stop.
D The gage doesn’t go back to empty when you turn
off the ignition.
United States
Canada
2-81
Driver Information Center (DIC)
(If Equipped)
If a problem is detected, a diagnostic message will
appear in the display. The following pages will show
the messages you may see on the DIC display.
Your vehicle may be equipped with a Driver
Information Center (DIC). The DIC will display
information about how your vehicle is functioning,
as well as warning messages if a system problem is
detected. This feature also allows two different drivers
to store and recall their own personal choice settings.
See “DIC Personal Choice Programming” later in
this section.
The message center is continuously updated with the
vehicle’s performance status.
The following buttons are
on the DIC control panel
which is located to the left
of the steering column:
DIC Displays and Controls
There are two lines in the DIC display. The DIC
displays the driver number identified when entering the
vehicle. You can have your dealer program your name to
appear on this display line. See your dealer for more
information.
When you turn the ignition on, the DIC will display
your DRIVER NUMBER. The system will then perform
a status check and display any messages if a problem
is detected.
If there are no problems detected, the display will return
to the mode selected by that driver the last time the
ignition was turned off.
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ODO/TRIP (Odometer/Trip): When this button is
pressed, the display will show the total mileage, and
Trip 1 or Trip 2 miles. Trip 1 and Trip 2 will display the
miles traveled since the last reset. To reset the trip
odometer, press the ODO/TRIP button until the
preferred trip number (1 or 2) is shown in the DIC
display, then press the RESET button. The trip odometer
will now accumulate miles until the next reset.
FUEL INFO (Information): Press this button to
display fuel information.
Press the FUEL INFO button until the display shows
FUEL ECONOMY AVERAGE. Average fuel economy
is viewed as a long term approximation of your overall
driving conditions. To learn the average fuel economy
from a new starting point, press the RESET button while
the average fuel economy is displayed in the DIC.
Press the FUEL INFO button until the display
shows FUEL ECONOMY INST. Instantaneous fuel
economy varies with your driving conditions, such as
acceleration, braking and the grade of the road being
traveled. The RESET button does not function in
this mode.
Press the FUEL INFO button until the display shows
FUEL RANGE. The fuel range will calculate the
remaining distance you can drive without refueling. This
calculation is based on the average fuel economy for the
last 25 miles (40.25 km) driven, and the fuel remaining
in the fuel tank. The RESET button does not function in
this mode.
GAGE INFO (Information): Use this button to display
oil pressure, oil life, coolant temperature, tire pressure
and battery information.
Press the GAGE INFO button until OIL PRESSURE
appears in the display. If there are no problems detected
with the oil pressure, the display will show OIL
PRESSURE NORMAL. If a low oil pressure condition
is detected, the display will show OIL PRESSURE
LOW. If you see the OIL PRESSURE LOW message,
your vehicle could be low on oil or the oil is not going
through the engine properly. See your dealer for service.
Press the GAGE INFO button until COOLANT TEMP
appears in the display. If there are no problems detected
with the temperature, COOLANT TEMP NORMAL
will appear in the display. If the temperature is too high,
COOLANT TEMP HOT will appear in the display.
If you see the COOLANT TEMP HOT message,
the engine is overheated. You should pull off the road,
stop your vehicle and turn off your engine as soon as
possible. This manual explains what to do. See “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
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Press the GAGE INFO button until the display shows
BATTERY STATE. If the voltage is normal the display
will show BATTERY STATE NORMAL. If the voltage
drops below 10.5 volts, the display will show BATTERY
STATE LOW. If the voltage is above 16.2 volts, the
display will show BATTERY STATE HIGH. If the display
shows the high or low message, you need to have your
battery and charging system checked.
Press the GAGE INFO button until OIL LIFE INDEX
appears in the display. The OIL LIFE INDEX
NORMAL display will show an estimate of the oil’s
remaining useful life. When the oil life index is less than
10 percent, the display will show OIL LIFE INDEX
CHANGE OIL. When you have the oil changed
according to the maintenance schedule (see
“Maintenance Schedule” in the Index), you will have to
reset the oil life monitor. To reset the Oil Life System
(Index), see “Oil Life System” or “Engine Oil, When to
Change” in the Index.
Press the GAGE INFO button until TIRE PRESSURE
appears in the display. TIRE PRESSURE NORMAL is
displayed when the check tire pressure system believes
your vehicle’s tire pressures are normal. If a potential
tire pressure problem is detected, the display will show
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE.
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If you see the CHECK TIRE PRESSURE message, you
should stop as soon as you can and check all your tires
for damage. (If a tire is flat, see “If a Tire Goes Flat” in
the Index.) Also check the tire pressure in all four tires
as soon as you can. See “Inflation -- Tire Pressure”
and “Check Tire Pressure System” in the Index.
There are times when you will have to reset (calibrate)
the Check Tire Pressure System. See “Check Tire
Pressure System” in the Index.
RESET: This button, used along with other buttons, will
reset system functions.
ENG/MET (English/Metric): Use this button to change
the display between English and metric units.
DIC messages can be displayed in one of three languages:
English, French or Spanish. The language of the display
is set by holding the FUEL INFO and RESET buttons
together for five seconds. As the buttons are held, each
language will be displayed for three seconds. Release the
FUEL INFO and RESET buttons when the desired
language is displayed. All DIC messages will now be in
the selected language. Language selection can also be
done through the DIC Personal Choice Programming. See
“DIC Personal Choice Programming” later in this section.
DIC Warnings and Messages
Other messages or warnings may appear in the DIC
display. For Canadian drivers, in addition to the DIC
message your DIC will display EXP with a number after
it which reflects the following messages:
EXP (Export ID)
Warning Message
20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TURN SIGNAL STILL ON?
24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TRUNK AJAR
25 . . . . . . . WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID LOW
27 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BATTERY SAVER ACTIVE
36 . . . . . . . . ENGINE OIL LOW - CHECK LEVEL
40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . THEFT ATTEMPT DETECTED
54 . . . . . . . . . . . . SERVICE STABILITY SYSTEM
55 . . . . . . . . . . . . . STABILITY SYSTEM ACTIVE
61 . . . . . . . . . . . GAS CAP LOOSE - CHECK CAP
81 . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
91 . . . TRACTION CONTROL SYSTEM ACTIVE
102 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHECK CHARGE SYSTEM
139 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DOOR AJAR
144 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHECK TIRE PRESSURES
The EXP codes are used to make translation from
English to other languages easier.
Pressing any of the DIC control buttons will remove
the messages or warnings from the DIC display.
SERVICE STABILITY SYSTEM - 54 : If you ever
see the SERVICE STABILITY SYSTEM message,
it means there may be a problem with your stability
enhancement system. If you see this message, try to
reset the system (stop; turn off the engine; then start the
engine again). If the SERVICE STABILITY SYSTEM
message still comes on, it means there is a problem.
You should see your dealer for service. Reduce your
speed and drive accordingly.
STABILITY SYSTEM ACTIVE - 55 : You may see
the STABILITY SYSTEM ACTIVE message on the
Driver Information Center. It means that an advanced,
computer-controlled system has come on to help your
vehicle continue to go in the direction in which you’re
steering. This stability enhancement system activates
when the computer senses that your vehicle is just
starting to spin, as it might if you hit a patch of ice or
other slippery spot on the road. When the system is on,
you may hear a noise or feel a vibration in the brake
pedal. This is normal.
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When the STABILITY SYSTEM ACTIVE message is
on, you should continue to steer in the direction you
want to go. The system is designed to help you in bad
weather or other difficult driving situations by making
the most of whatever road conditions will permit. If the
STABILITY SYSTEM ACTIVE message comes on,
you’ll know that something has caused your vehicle to
start to spin, so you should consider slowing down.
DIC Personal Choice Programming
The DIC can be used to program the following personal
choice features available with your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Automatic Door Locks
Window Lockout
Security Feedback
Delayed Locking
Perimeter Lighting
Memory Seats (If Equipped)
Tilt Mirrors (If Equipped)
Driver ID ON/OFF
Language Selection
2-86
For vehicles not equipped with a DIC, see “Personal
Choice Programming” in the Index.
The personal choice settings displayed on the DIC are
determined by the transmitter used to enter the vehicle.
Each remote keyless entry transmitter was
pre-programmed to belong to DRIVER 1 or DRIVER 2
and is numbered on the back. After the button with the
unlock symbol on a remote keyless entry transmitter is
pressed and the ignition is in RUN, the DIC will display
the identified driver and recall the settings previously
programmed for that driver. The settings can also be
recalled by briefly pressing one of the MEMORY
buttons located on the driver’s door.
If you unlock the vehicle using your door key instead of
your transmitter, the DIC will not change drivers and
will recall the information from the last transmitter used
or the last driver using the memory seat controls. If this
happens and you were not the last driver of the vehicle,
simply press your correct driver number on the memory
seat controls or press the button with the unlock symbol
on your remote keyless entry transmitter.
Use the following steps for personal choice
programming instructions.
1. Turn the ignition on and keep the transaxle
in PARK (P).
2. Inform the DIC which driver you are by pressing
the button with the unlock symbol on your remote
keyless entry transmitter or the appropriate memory
seat control.
3. Press and hold the ENG/MET button for five
seconds. WELCOME TO BUICK OPTION
FEATURE will appear in the display.
4. The first choice to be made will be DRIVER ID 1
or 2. Press the ENG/MET button to toggle between
your selections within a display and RESET to
choose the current selection and move on to the
next personal choice feature.
If you would like to exit the selection mode without
moving through each of the personal choice features,
simply press a different button on the DIC or turn off the
ignition. Whatever personal choices you made will still
be retained, even without passing through each of the
features. In order for your personal choices to save, you
must press RESET after making your selections.
If you happen to move past a selection you would like
to make a personal choice for, press the button with the
unlock symbol on your remote keyless entry transmitter
or press the appropriate driver number on the seat
control. This will return you to the beginning of the
option feature programming mode.
Automatic Door Locks
The door lock modes when shifting in and out of
PARK (P), can be changed through the DIC. You
can change these modes by different selections of the
following DIC displays:
D
D
D
D
AUTO DOOR LOCKS -- OFF/ON
UNLOCK -- OFF/ON
UNLOCK -- KEY OFF/PARK
DOOR TO UNLOCK -- DRIVER/ALL
If you choose OFF for AUTO DOOR LOCKS,
your door locks will operate normally with no
automatic feature.
If you choose ON for AUTO DOOR LOCKS, ON for
UNLOCK and KEY OFF, your doors will lock every
time you shift out of PARK (P), and the doors will
unlock every time you stop and turn the ignition to OFF.
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If you choose ON for AUTO DOOR LOCKS, ON for
UNLOCK and PARK, your doors will lock every time
you shift out of PARK (P), and the doors will unlock
every time you stop and shift into PARK (P).
Window Lockout
If you choose ON for AUTO DOOR LOCKS, and OFF
for UNLOCK, your doors will lock every time you shift
out of PARK (P), and there will be no automatic door
unlock when shifting back into PARK (P).
If you choose R + PASS, all three passenger window
switches will be inactive when the window LOCK
switch is enabled.
If you choose ON for UNLOCK and DRIVER for
DOOR TO UNLOCK, only the driver’s door will
automatically unlock when shifting into PARK or
turning the key to OFF.
If you choose ON for UNLOCK and ALL for DOOR
TO UNLOCK, all doors will automatically unlock when
shifting into PARK or turning the key to OFF.
To change modes, do the following:
1. Move the arrow on the display between the
selections by pressing the ENG/MET button.
2. Once you have made your selection, press the
RESET button and your choice will be retained
in memory.
See “Automatic Door Locks” in the Index for more
information about this feature.
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The number of passenger windows locked out by
the window LOCK switch can be programmed through
the DIC.
If you choose REAR, only the two rear passenger
window switches will be locked out when the window
LOCK switch is enabled.
To change modes, do the following:
1. Move the arrow on the display between R + PASS
and REAR by pressing the ENG/MET button.
2. Once you have made your selection, press
the RESET button. Your choice will be retained
in memory.
For more information on this feature, see “Window
Lock” in the Index.
Security Feedback
By choosing different combinations of these selections,
you can choose the type of transmitter activated
feedback when locking and unlocking your vehicle with
your transmitter. Each time you make a selection by
pressing the ENG/MET button, press the RESET
button to record your choice.
D KEYLESS FEEDBACK -- OFF/ON
D LIGHTS FEEDBACK -- OFF/ON
D HORN FEEDBACK -- OFF/ON
D If you choose ON for KEYLESS FEEDBACK
and ON for HORN FEEDBACK, your horn will
chirp when all doors are unlocked and when locking
your vehicle.
D If you choose ON for KEYLESS, LIGHTS and
HORN FEEDBACK, your exterior lamps will flash
twice at the first unlock button press, your exterior
lamps will flash twice and the horn will chirp once at
the second unlock button press, and the exterior
lamps will flash and the horn will chirp once when
locking your vehicle.
If you choose ON for KEYLESS FEEDBACK you will
also need to choose LIGHTS and/or HORN FEEDBACK.
For more information on this feature, see “Security
Feedback” in the Index.
You can select the following modes:
Delayed Locking
D If you choose OFF for KEYLESS FEEDBACK,
This feature, which delays the actual locking of the
vehicle, can be made active or inactive through the DIC.
When DELAYED LOCKING -- OFF/ON appears on
the display, use the ENG/MET button to toggle the
arrow between OFF and ON. When you have made your
choice, press the RESET button to record your selection.
you will receive no security feedback when locking
or unlocking your vehicle.
D If you choose ON for KEYLESS FEEDBACK
and ON for LIGHTS FEEDBACK, the exterior
lamps will flash twice when unlocking your vehicle
and once when locking your vehicle.
For more information on this feature, see “Delayed
Locking” in the Index.
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Perimeter Lighting
Memory Seat Recall (If Equipped)
When the button with the unlock symbol on the remote
keyless entry transmitter is pressed, the DRL
(high-beams at reduced intensity), parking lamps and
back-up lamps will turn on if it is dark enough
according to the Twilight Sentinel.
This feature recalls the position of your seat. When this
feature is active, the memory seat and mirror positions
will be recalled for the identified driver when the remote
keyless entry transmitter is used to enter the vehicle.
You can control activation of this feature by choosing
OFF or ON when the PERIMETER LIGHTS choice is
displayed on the DIC. Make your choice by pressing the
ENG/MET button and record your choice by pressing
the RESET button. You will then be prompted to choose
a TIMEOUT period. See “Exterior Lights” following for
more information.
For more information on this feature, see “Perimeter
Lighting” in the Index.
Exterior Lights
The EXTERIOR LIGHTS/TIMEOUT feature can be
changed to a desired setting by using the ENG/MET to
toggle from 5 to 30 seconds. Each toggle will increase
the time by five seconds. Once the desired timeout is
displayed, press RESET to record your choice and move
on to the next personal choice feature.
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You can program this feature to be active by choosing
ON when the SEAT RECALL choice appears, or
inactive by choosing OFF when the SEAT RECALL
choice appears on the DIC. Make your choices by
pressing the ENG/MET button and store them to
memory by pressing the RESET button.
You can also program this feature to recall your memory
seat position or the exit seat position.
MEMORY: Choose ON when the SEAT RECALL
choice appears, and then choose MEMORY when the
RECALL POSITION choice appears.
EXIT: Choose ON when the SEAT RECALL choice
appears, and then choose EXIT when the RECALL
POSITION choice appears. The seat will move when
you enter the vehicle after unlocking it with a remote
keyless entry transmitter. This will allow for easy entry.
Driver ID
For more information on this feature, see “Memory
Seats” in the Index.
This feature displays the DRIVER ID, as identified by
the DIC. If this feature is ON, the DRIVER ID will
be displayed every time the ignition is turned on. If the
DRIVER ID is OFF, the DRIVER ID can be displayed
by pressing either a button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter or a memory seat button.
Parallel Park Assist (If Equipped)
Language Selection
The parallel park assist mirror, which tips the passenger
mirror down while the vehicle is in REVERSE (R), can
be made active or inactive through the DIC. When TILT
MIRRORS -- OFF/ON appears on the display, use the
ENG/MET button to toggle the arrow between OFF and
ON. When you have made your choice, press the
RESET button to record your selection. For more
information on this feature, see “Parallel Park Assist
Mirror” in the Index.
After DRIVER ID has been selected, “Language
English” will be displayed. Pressing the RESET
button selects English as the DIC language and ends
programming. Pressing the ENG/MET button will bring
up the display “Langue Français.” Pressing the RESET
button selects French as the DIC language. Pressing the
ENG/MET button will bring up the display “Idioma
Espanol.” Pressing the RESET button selects Spanish
as the DIC language. Pressing the ENG/MET button
will return you to the “Language English” display
and allows you to start the process of language
selection again.
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Head-Up Display (HUD)
(If Equipped)
CAUTION:
If the HUD image is too bright, or too high in
your field of view, it may take you more time to
see things you need to see when it’s dark outside.
Be sure to keep the HUD image dim and placed
low in your field of view.
If your vehicle is equipped with the Head-Up Display
(HUD), you can see some of the driver information
that appears on your instrument panel cluster.
The information may be displayed in English or metric
units and appears as a reflection in the windshield.
The HUD consists of the following information:
D
D
D
D
Speedometer Reading
Turn Signal Indicators
High-Beam Headlamp Indicator
Check Gages Message
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The HUD shows these images when they are lighted on
the instrument panel cluster.
Be sure to continue scanning your displays, controls and
driving environment just as you would in a vehicle
without HUD. If you never look at your instrument
panel cluster, you may not see something important,
such as a warning light.
NOTICE:
Although the HUD image appears to be near the
front of the vehicle, do not use it as a parking aid.
The HUD was not designed for that purpose. If
you try to use the display as a marker for the
front of your vehicle, such as in a parking lot, you
may misjudge distance and hit an obstacle or
another vehicle.
The HUD controls are located on the instrument panel to
the left of the steering wheel.
1. Start your engine and slide the HUD dimmer lever
all the way up.
The brightness of the HUD image is determined by
an internal photo-cell, and where you have the HUD
dimmer control set.
2. Adjust the seat to your driving position. Press the
image height adjuster switch to raise the image as far
as possible.
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3. Now press the image height adjuster switch to
position the image as low as possible, while still
keeping it in full view.
4. Slide the dimmer lever downward until the HUD
image is no brighter than necessary.
To turn the HUD display off, slide the dimmer lever
all the way down.
If the sun comes out and the sky becomes cloudy,
you may need to adjust the HUD brightness using
the dimmer lever. Polarized sunglasses could make
the HUD image harder to see.
To change the display from English to metric units,
push the ENG/MET button located to the left of the
steering column.
Clean the inside of the windshield as necessary to
remove any dirt or film that reduces the sharpness
or clarity of the HUD image.
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To clean the HUD lens, spray household glass cleaner
on a soft, clean cloth. Gently wipe and dry the HUD
lens. Do not spray cleaner directly on the lens to avoid
cleaner leaking inside the unit.
If the ignition is on and you can’t see the HUD image,
check to see if:
D
D
D
D
Something is covering the HUD unit.
The HUD dimmer lever is adjusted properly.
The HUD image is adjusted to the proper height.
A fuse is blown. See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers”
in the Index.
Keep in mind that your windshield is part of the HUD
system. If you ever have to have your windshield
replaced, be sure to get one that is designed for HUD
or your HUD image may look blurred or out of focus.
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle.
Be sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
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3-4
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3-7
3-8
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3-13
3-13
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Comfort Controls
Electronic Touch Climate Control
Dual Automatic ComforTemp Climate
Control (If Equipped)
Passenger Climate Control (If Equipped)
Personal Choice Comfort Controls
(If Equipped)
Air Conditioning
Heating
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
Ventilation System
Steering Wheel Controls for Climate Control
(If Equipped)
Audio Systems
Setting the Clock
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
(If Equipped)
t
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AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc
Player with Automatic Tone Control and
Radio Data Systems (RDS) (If Equipped)
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Automatic Tone
Control and Radio Data Systems (RDS)
(If Equipped)
Trunk-Mounted CD Changer (Option)
Personal Choice Radio Controls (If Equipped)
Theft-Deterrent Feature (If Equipped)
Audio Steering Wheel Controls (If Equipped)
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your Compact Discs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Diversity Antenna System
Chime Level Adjustment
3-
3-1
Comfort Controls
Temperature Lever
This section describes how to operate your climate
control system. With this system, you can control the
heating, cooling and ventilation in your vehicle.
This lever is used to adjust the temperature of the air
coming through the system. Move the TEMPERATURE
lever between COOL and WARM to change the
temperature of the air coming through your outlets.
Your vehicle also has a flow-through ventilation system
described later in this section.
Electronic Touch Climate Control
Mode Controls
The buttons on your system allow you to choose settings
to deliver air through the floor ducts, instrument panel
outlets or windshield outlets.
RECIRC (Recirculation): Press this button to limit the
amount of outside air entering your vehicle. This is
helpful when you are trying to cool the interior of the
vehicle quickly, or limit the amount of outside air
entering your vehicle. To turn off RECIRC, press the
button again. If you select FRONT defrost or BLEND
while RECIRC is selected, the system will automatically
turn off RECIRC to prevent fogging. If you select
RECIRC while in FRONT defrost, the RECIRC light
will flash three times to let you know this is not allowed.
Fan Lever
The FAN lever is used to select the speed of the fan.
Moving the lever between LOW and HIGH will
decrease or increase the fan speed. The fan will be
off when the system is off.
3-2
VENT: This setting directs outside air through the
instrument panel outlets. The air conditioning
compressor is not working when VENT is selected. If
you select VENT while in FRONT defrost, the VENT
light will flash three times to let you know this is not
allowed. This is to prevent fogging.
HTR (Heater): This setting directs most of the air
out of the floor ducts while some air will flow through
the windshield and side window outlets. The air
conditioning compressor is not working when
HTR is selected.
BLEND: When BLEND is selected, the airflow will be
split between the windshield outlets and the floor ducts.
The air conditioning compressor will be operating.
FRONT: This setting directs most of the airflow
toward the windshield.
OFF: The ventilation system always allows fresh air to
flow through your vehicle when it is moving. The
system will try to keep the air at a previously chosen
temperature. When the system is off, the blower fan is
also off.
MAX (Maximum Air Conditioning): This setting
directs airflow through the instrument panel outlets. The
amount of outside air entering your vehicle is limited
with this setting. The air conditioning compressor is on
in this mode.
Also in this mode, the RECIRC function is activated
to create the maximum cooling effect in the vehicle. If
RECIRC was active before selecting MAX, the light in
the RECIRC button will go off. If RECIRC is selected
after MAX, the light in the RECIRC button will not
come on.
NORM (Normal): This setting cools the outside
air entering your vehicle and directs it through the
instrument panel outlets. The air conditioning
compressor is on in this mode.
BI-LEV (Bi-Level): This setting directs warmer air
to the floor ducts and cooler air to the instrument panel
outlets. The air conditioning compressor is on in
this mode.
3-3
Dual Automatic ComforTempt
Climate Control (If Equipped)
If you want the fan to run at a lower speed, push the
down arrow on the FAN button. The fan speed will
decrease with every push of the button until the lowest
speed is reached. If you want to increase the fan speed,
push the up arrow on the FAN button.
AIR FLOW: Pressing the AIR FLOW button will
display and hold the current setting while in manual
mode. Use the up and down arrows on the AIR FLOW
button to cycle through the available modes.
D WINDSHIELD-FLOOR: This setting directs
most of the airflow to the front windshield defroster
with some airflow to the side window defrosters and
floor ducts.
TEMP (Temperature): To manually adjust the
temperature inside the vehicle, push the TEMP arrow.
Push the TEMP up arrow for warmer temperature
settings and the TEMP down arrow for cooler
temperature settings. The setting will be shown in the
display. The display will then return to the outside
temperature after a few seconds.
FAN: Pressing the FAN button will display and
hold the current fan speed while in manual mode.
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D MID: This setting directs airflow through the
instrument panel outlets.
D MID-FLOOR: This setting directs airflow through
both the instrument panel outlets and the floor ducts.
There is also a small amount of air directed to the
front defroster and the side window defrosters.
D FLOOR: This setting directs most of the airflow to
the floor ducts with some airflow directed to the side
window defrosters. There is also a small amount of
airflow directed to the front defroster.
OFF: If the passenger comfort control is turned on, it
can be turned off by pressing the OFF button once.
Pressing the OFF button a second time will turn off the
main system. Turning off the main system causes the fan
to turn off and the airflow to be directed toward the
floor. The system will still try to keep the interior of the
vehicle at the previously chosen temperature setting.
The outside temperature will show on the display when
the system is off.
The ventilation system always allows fresh air to flow
through your vehicle when the vehicle is moving even
when the system is off.
VENT (Flow-Through Ventilation): The VENT
button allows outside air to flow through your vehicle
without the air conditioning compressor working. To
turn off the VENT selection, push the VENT button
again. If you select VENT while in FRONT defrost, the
VENT light will flash three times to let you know this is
not allowed. This is to prevent fogging.
RECIRC (Recirculation): When RECIRC is selected,
the system will limit the amount of outside air entering
your vehicle. This is helpful when you are trying to cool
the interior of the vehicle quickly or limit the amount of
outside air entering your vehicle. RECIRC and AUTO
may be selected at the same time. The system will remain
in RECIRC until the ignition is turned off or the RECIRC
button is pressed again. RECIRC can be selected in all
manual airflow modes except FRONT defrost and VENT.
If you select RECIRC while in FRONT defrost, the
RECIRC light will flash three times to let you know this is
not allowed. This is to prevent fogging.
FRONT: This selection is used to defrost
the windshield by directing the airflow toward the
windshield. To turn off FRONT, press the AUTO
or AIR FLOW button.
If the AIR FLOW up button is selected while in the
FRONT defrost mode, the system will direct the air
toward the windshield and the floor. If the AIR FLOW
down button is selected while in the FRONT defrost
mode, the system will direct the air toward the floor, and
the FRONT defrost mode will cancel.
FRONT defrost will work better if any ice or snow is
cleared from the hood and the air inlet area between the
base of the windshield and the hood.
3-5
Passenger Climate Control (If Equipped)
The temperature can be set up to 5_F (3_C) cooler
or warmer than the primary setting. To activate the
passenger control, press the button with the red arrow
to increase temperature. Each time you press the button, a
red indicator light will come on. To decrease temperature,
press the button with the blue arrow. Each time you press
the button a blue indicator light will come on.
If the passenger control has been turned on, it can be
turned off by pressing the OFF button on the main
system once. (Pressing the OFF button a second time
will turn off the main system.)
Automatic Operation
If your vehicle is equipped with the Dual Automatic
ComforTempt system, the front seat passenger can
control the air temperature in his or her seating area. The
control is located on the passenger’s door armrest.
3-6
Press the AUTO button when you want the system to
automatically maintain a selected temperature inside of
your vehicle. When the system is set for automatic
operation, air will come from the floor ducts, instrument
panel outlets or windshield outlets depending on the
temperature inside the vehicle, the outside temperature
and sun load. Fan speed and use of air conditioning and
recirculation will vary as needed.
Sun and temperature sensors automatically adjust the air
temperature, the airflow direction and the fan speed to
maintain your temperature setting. The system may
supply cooler air to the side of the vehicle toward the
sun. Be careful not to put anything over the sensor on
top of the dash.
The display will show fan speed, temperature level
setting and airflow direction for a few seconds whenever
AUTO is selected, and then it will display the outside
temperature. The outside temperature reading is most
accurate when the vehicle is moving. During stops, the
display shows the previous temperature for best
accuracy and system control.
To find your preferred temperature setting, start with the
system in AUTO mode and the TEMP button adjusted
to 75_F (24_C), give the vehicle about 20 minutes to
stabilize, and adjust your temperature setting if
necessary, by using the TEMP button. The display will
show the temperature setting for a few seconds and then
it will display the outside temperature. If you want to
see your current automatic fan speed, airflow direction
and temperature setting, press the AUTO button.
In cold weather, the system will delay turning on the fan,
to avoid blowing cold air. During this delay the system
will be in FRONT defrost mode and the light in the button
will come on and stay on as long as the display is showing
the current mode, set TEMP and FAN speed. This light
will go off when the display returns to the outside
temperature. The length of the delay depends on the
engine coolant temperature and the outside temperature.
Pushing the FAN, AIR FLOW or FRONT buttons will
override this delay, turn off the AUTO setting and return
the system to manual operation.
Personal Choice Comfort Controls
(If Equipped)
This feature enables up to two drivers to store and recall
comfort control settings for the temperature, fan speed
and the direction of the airflow.
The memory buttons (1 or 2) for this feature are located
on the driver’s door panel and correspond to the
numbers (1 or 2) found on the back of each keyless
entry transmitter.
To recall comfort settings, press the unlock button on the
remote keyless entry transmitter and put the ignition in
ACCESSORY or RUN. The climate control setting last
chosen by the identified driver (1 or 2) will be recalled.
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To program a personal choice climate control setting,
do the following:
1. Choose a temperature setting for the driver and if
desired, for the passenger. See “Dual Automatic
ComforTempR Climate Control” and “Passenger
Climate Control” earlier in this section.
2. Adjust the fan speed and the direction of the airflow.
3. Locate the memory buttons on the driver’s
door panel.
4. Press a memory button (1 or 2) until you hear two
beeps. The beeps confirm that your selection has
been saved and can now be recalled.
Follow these steps each time you want to change the
stored settings. For more information on the memory
feature, see “Memory Seat and Mirrors” in the Index.
3-8
Air Conditioning
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot
inside air escape. This reduces the time it takes for your
vehicle to cool down. Then keep your windows closed
for the air conditioner to work its best.
If you have the electronic touch system, for quick
cool-down on very hot days, use maximum air
conditioning with the temperature and fan speed
adjusted to COOL and HIGH. If this setting is used
for long periods of time, the air in your vehicle may
become too cold and dry.
For normal cooling on hot days, use Normal and
adjust the temperature and fan speed for your comfort.
If Recirculation is selected while in the Normal air
conditioning mode, the system works like maximum
air conditioning and recirculates the air.
On sunny days, when the air is moderately warm or
cool, use Bi-Level to deliver warm air to the floor ducts
and cooler air to the instrument panel outlets. On days
like these, the sun may adequately warm your upper
body, but your lower body may not be warm enough.
To warm or cool the air delivered, adjust the
TEMPERATURE lever.
The amount of fresh air entering the vehicle is limited
when Recirculation is selected. This is helpful when you
are trying to cool the air in your vehicle or limit the air
entering the vehicle.
If your vehicle has the Dual Automatic ComforTempt
system and it is set for Automatic Operation, on very hot
days, the system will automatically enter recirculation
mode and the temperature door will be positioned at the
full cold position for maximum cooling. If the system is
not in the automatic mode, recirculation should be
selected to provide maximum cooling. You can choose
the extreme comfort setting of 60_F (16_C), but the
system will not cool any faster as a result.
Heating
If your vehicle has the electronic touch system, on cold
days, use HTR with the TEMPERATURE lever toward
WARM and the fan speed toward HIGH.
If your vehicle has the Dual Automatic ComforTemp
system, and on cold days, if the automatic mode is
selected, the system will automatically direct the air
toward the floor and the temperature door will be
positioned at the full hot position. You can choose the
extreme comfort setting of 90_F (32_C) but the
system will not warm up any faster as a result. If the
outside temperature is cold, the fan will be delayed to
avoid blowing cold air. Pushing the FAN, AIR FLOW
or FRONT buttons will override this delay, turn off
the automatic mode and return the system to
manual operation.
With each system, outside air will be brought in and sent
through the floor ducts. The heater works best if you
keep your windows closed while using it.
3-9
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
If you have the electronic touch system, press the
FRONT button and adjust the TEMPERATURE lever
toward WARM and the FAN lever toward HIGH.
t
If you have the Dual Automatic ComforTemp system,
use the FRONT button to defog or defrost the
windshield. By choosing this button, the airflow will be
directed at the windshield. Adjust your temperature
level by pressing the TEMP up or down arrow. The fan
speed will be controlled by the system. You can change
the fan speed by pressing the up FAN arrow to increase
speed, and the down arrow to decrease speed.
To reduce the chance of fogging your windows in cold
weather, using the electronic touch system, select HTR
to supply air through the floor ducts. Then move the
FAN lever to HIGH for a few moments before driving
away. This will blow moist air from the intake outlets
toward the floor, not the windshield. If you have the
Dual Automatic ComforTemp system, the AUTO setting
will do this for you. Manual operation of the automatic
ComforTemp system in the floor mode will also supply
air through the floor ducts.
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The lines you see on the
rear window warm the
glass. Press this button to
start warming your rear
and side windows.
At speeds above 35 mph (55 km/h), the defogger
will operate continuously until you press the REAR
button again. After 10 minutes of driving below 35 mph
(55 km/h), the defogger will turn off automatically. If
you need additional warming time, push the button
again. The system will then operate for five minutes
before going off by itself.
Adjust the direction of
airflow by moving the
louvered vents.
NOTICE:
Do not try to clear frost or other material from
the inside of the rear window with a razor blade
or anything else that is sharp. This may damage
the rear defogger grid. The repairs wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license, tape or decals
across the defogger grid on the rear window.
Ventilation System
For mild outside temperatures when little heating
or cooling is needed, use VENT (on the electronic
touch system or manual operation on the Dual
Automatic ComforTemp system) to direct
outside air through your vehicle. Air will flow
through the instrument panel outlets.
If you have the optional rear
passenger ComforTemp,
you can adjust the direction
of the airflow to the rear
seating area.
t
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air into the vehicle while it’s moving. While the
vehicle is not moving, you can get outside air to flow
through by selecting any air choice (except the rear
window defogger) and any fan speed.
3-11
Ventilation Tips
D Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
any other obstruction such as leaves. The heater and
defroster will work better, reducing the chance of
fogging your windows.
D Keep the air path under the front seats clear
of objects. This helps air to circulate throughout
your vehicle.
D When the engine idles for a long time, the exterior
temperature sensor may cause the system to blow air
that is too cool. Once the vehicle is moving again,
the system will try to maintain the set temperature
inside your vehicle.
D When you start your vehicle and the EXT display
flashes (Dual Automatic ComforTemp system only)
for some time, the system may need repair. See
your dealer.
3-12
Steering Wheel Controls for Climate
Control (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this feature, you can control the
temperature function by using the buttons located on
your steering wheel.
Press the TEMP
(Temperature) up arrow
to increase the temperature
and the TEMP
(Temperature) down
arrow to decrease
the temperature.
Audio Systems
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and give years of listening pleasure. You will get the
most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with it
first. Find out what your audio system can do and how
to operate all of its controls to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
(If Equipped)
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, you can play your audio
system even after the ignition is turned off. See
“Retained Accessory Power (RAP)” in the Index.
Setting the Clock
Press and hold H until the correct hour appears. AM will
appear on the display for morning hours. Press and hold
M until the correct minute appears. The clock may be
set with the ignition on or off.
To set the clock to the time of an FM station
broadcasting Radio Data System (RDS) information,
press and hold H and M at the same time until TIME
UPDATED appears on the display. If the time is not
available from the station, NO UPDATE will appear on
the display.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Push this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob clockwise to
increase volume. Turn it counterclockwise to
decrease the volume.
DISP (Display): Press this button to display the station
being played or to display the clock. The clock can be
displayed with the ignition on or off.
3-13
Finding a Station
Setting Preset Stations
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
TUNE: Turn this knob clockwise to tune to the next station.
Turn it counterclockwise to tune to the previous station.
SEEK
: Press the right or left arrow to go to the
next or previous station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking. The radio will seek to stations with
a strong signal only.
To scan stations, press and hold one of the SEEK arrows
for two seconds and SCN will appear on the display.
The radio will go to a station, play for a few seconds,
then go on to the next station. Press one of the SEEK
arrows again to stop scanning. The sound will mute
while scanning. The radio will seek to stations with a
strong signal only.
To scan preset stations, press and hold one of the SEEK
arrows for more than four seconds until PSCAN and the
preset number appear on the display. You will hear a double
beep. The radio will go to the first preset station stored
on your pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on to
the next preset station. Preset scan will only scan the
six presets that are in the band selected. Press one of the
SEEK arrows again to stop scanning your preset stations.
The radio will seek to stations with a strong signal only.
3-14
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press EQ to select the EQ setting. It will be stored
with the preset station.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons.
When you hear the radio produce one beep, release
the pushbutton. Whenever you press that numbered
pushbutton, the station you set will return.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
AUDIO: Push and release AUDIO until BASS appears
on the display. Then turn the AUDIO knob clockwise to
increase bass. BASS and a positive number will appear
on the display. Turn the AUDIO knob counterclockwise
to decrease bass. BASS and a negative number will
appear on the display. BASS and a zero will appear on
the display when the bass level is set to the middle
position. Stop turning the knob when you find the bass
level you want or when the maximum or minimum level
is reached.
Push and release AUDIO until TREBLE appears on the
display. Then turn the AUDIO knob clockwise to
increase treble. TREBLE and a positive number will
appear on the display. Turn the AUDIO knob
counterclockwise to decrease treble. TREBLE and a
negative number will appear on the display. TREBLE
and a zero will appear on the display when the treble
level is set to the middle position. Stop turning the knob
when you find the treble level you want or when the
maximum or minimum level is reached. If a station is
weak or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
Push and release AUDIO until MID appears on the
display. Then turn the AUDIO knob clockwise to
increase treble. MID and a positive number will appear
on the display. Turn the AUDIO knob counterclockwise
to decrease treble. MID and a negative number will
appear on the display. MID and a zero will appear on the
display when the treble level is set to the middle
position. Stop turning the knob when you find the treble
level you want or when the maximum or minimum level
is reached.
To adjust bass, midrange or treble to the middle
position, select BASS, MID or TREBLE. Then push and
hold AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. BASS and a zero, MID and a zero or TREBLE
and a zero will appear on the display. To adjust both
tone controls and both speaker controls to the middle
position, end out of audio mode by pushing the AUDIO
knob until the display goes blank. Then push and hold
AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. ALL CENTERED will appear on the display.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
3-15
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right and
left speakers, push and release AUDIO until BAL
appears on the display. Then turn the AUDIO knob
clockwise to move the sound to the right speakers or
counterclockwise to move the sound to the left speakers.
A bar graph with indicators will show how the sound is
balanced between the right and left speakers. Stop
turning the AUDIO knob when you find the speaker
balance you want or when the maximum or minimum
level is reached.
To adjust the fade between the front and rear speakers,
push and release AUDIO until FADE appears on the
display. Then turn the AUDIO knob clockwise to move
the sound to the front speakers or counterclockwise to
move the sound to the rear speakers. A bar graph with
indicators will show how the sound is balanced between
the front and rear speakers. Stop turning the AUDIO
knob when you find the speaker balance you want or
when the maximum or minimum level is reached.
3-16
To adjust balance or fade to the middle position, select
BAL or FADE. Then push and hold AUDIO for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep. The indicator
will be centered on the display To adjust both tone
controls and both speaker controls to the middle
position, end out of audio mode by pushing the AUDIO
knob until the display goes blank. Then press and hold
AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. ALL CENTERED will appear on the display.
Playing a Cassette Tape
The longer side with the tape visible should face to the
right. If the ignition and the radio are on, the tape can be
inserted and will begin playing. If you hear nothing or
hear a garbled sound, the tape may not be in squarely.
Press the eject button to remove the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the volume, SEEK and
AUDIO controls just as you do for the radio. Other
controls may have different functions when a tape is
inserted. The display will show an arrow to show which
side of the tape is playing.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition or radio is
off, first press the eject button or DISP. Cassette tape
adapter kits for portable compact disc players will work
in your cassette tape player.
Your tape bias is set automatically.
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
(Reverse): Press this pushbutton to reverse the
1
tape rapidly. Press it again to return to playing speed.
The radio will play while the tape reverses.
2
(Forward): Press this pushbutton to advance
quickly to another part of the tape. Press this pushbutton
again to return to playing speed. The radio will play
while the tape advances.
D
3
(Dolby): Press this pushbutton to reduce
background noise. The double-D symbol will appear
on the display.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
6 SIDE: Press this pushbutton to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
SEEK
: Press the left or right arrow to go to
the previous or next selection on the tape. Your tape
must have at least three seconds of silence between
each selection for seek to work. The sound will mute
while seeking.
To scan cassette tape selections, press and hold one of
the SEEK arrows for two seconds until SCN appears on
the display. You will hear a beep. The tape will go to the
next selection, play for a few seconds, then go on to the
next selection. Press one of the SEEK arrows again to
stop scanning. The sound will mute and SCN will
appear on the display while scanning. The cassette tape
will only scan forward.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
tape is playing.
TAPE: Press this button to play a tape when listening to
the radio.
(Eject): Press this button to eject a tape. Eject may
be activated with the radio off.
3-17
Cassette Tape Messages
CD Adapter Kits
If an error message appears while trying to play a cassette
tape, it could be for one of the following reasons:
It is possible to use a portable CD player adapter kit
with your cassette tape player after activating the bypass
feature on your tape player.
D TIGHT TAPE: The tape is tight and the player can’t
turn the tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape
with the open end down and try to turn the right hub
counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over
and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your tape
may be damaged and should not be used in the
player. Try a new tape to make sure your player is
working properly.
D BROKEN TAPE: The tape is broken. Try a
new tape.
CLEAN PLAYER: If this message appears on the
display, the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned.
It will still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon
as possible to prevent damage to the tapes and player.
See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays an
error number, write it down and provide it to your dealer
when reporting the problem.
3-18
To activate the bypass feature, use the following steps:
D
D
D
D
Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
Turn the radio off.
Insert the adapter into the cassette slot.
Press and hold the TAPE button until READY
is displayed.
This override routine will remain active until the eject
button is pressed.
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
with Automatic Tone Control and Radio
Data Systems (RDS) (If Equipped)
DISP (Display): Press this button to display the station
being played or to display the clock. The clock can be
displayed with the ignition on or off.
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM1 and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob clockwise to tune to the
next station. Turn it counterclockwise to tune to the
previous station.
SEEK
: Press the right or left arrow to go to the
next or previous station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking. The radio will seek to stations with
a strong signal only.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Push this knob to turn the system on
and off.
To scan stations, press and hold one of the SEEK arrows
for two seconds until SCAN appears on the display. The
radio will go to a station, play for a few seconds, then go
on to the next station. Press one of the SEEK arrows
again to stop scanning. The sound will mute while
scanning. The radio will seek to stations with a strong
signal only.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob clockwise to
increase volume. Turn it counterclockwise to
decrease the volume.
3-19
To scan preset stations, press and hold one of the SEEK
arrows for more than four seconds until PSCAN and the
preset number appear on the display. You will hear a double
beep. The radio will go to the first preset station stored on
your pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on to
the next preset station. Preset scan will only scan the six
presets that are in the band selected. Press one of the SEEK
arrows again to stop scanning your preset stations. The
radio will seek to stations with a strong signal only.
Setting Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations (six AM,
six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press EQ to select the EQ setting. It will be stored
with the preset station.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons.
When you hear the radio produce one beep, release
the pushbutton. Whenever you press that numbered
pushbutton, the station you set will return.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-20
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
AUDIO: Push and release AUDIO until BASS appears
on the display. Then turn the AUDIO knob clockwise to
increase bass. BASS and a positive number will appear
on the display. Turn the AUDIO knob counterclockwise
to decrease bass. BASS and a negative number will
appear on the display. BASS and a zero will appear on
the display when the bass level is set to the middle
position. Stop turning the knob when you find the bass
level you want or when the maximum or minimum level
is reached.
Push and release AUDIO until MID appears on the
display. Then turn the AUDIO knob clockwise to
increase treble. MID and a positive number will appear on
the display. Turn the AUDIO knob counterclockwise to
decrease treble. MID and a negative number will appear
on the display. MID and a zero will appear on the display
when the treble level is set to the middle position. Stop
turning the knob when you find the treble level you want
or when the maximum or minimum level is reached.
Push and release AUDIO until TREBLE appears on the
display. Then turn the AUDIO knob clockwise to
increase treble. TREBLE and a positive number will
appear on the display. Turn the AUDIO knob
counterclockwise to decrease treble. TREBLE and a
negative number will appear on the display. TREBLE
and a zero will appear on the display when the treble
level is set to the middle position. Stop turning the knob
when you find the treble level you want or when the
maximum or minimum level is reached. If a station is
weak or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
To adjust bass, midrange or treble to the middle
position, select BASS, MID or TREBLE. Then push and
hold AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. BASS and a zero, MID and a zero or TREBLE
and a zero will appear on the display. To adjust both
tone controls and both speaker controls to the middle
position, end out of audio mode by pushing the AUDIO
knob until the display goes blank. Then push and hold
AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. ALL CENTERED will appear on the display.
To adjust the fade between the front and rear speakers,
push and release AUDIO until FADE appears on the
display. Then turn the AUDIO knob clockwise to move
the sound to the front speakers or counterclockwise to
move the sound to the rear speakers. A bar graph with
indicators will show how the sound is balanced between
the front and rear speakers. Stop turning the AUDIO
knob when you find the speaker balance you want or
when the maximum or minimum level is reached.
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right and
left speakers, push and release AUDIO until BAL
appears on the display. Then turn the AUDIO knob
clockwise to move the sound to the right speakers or
counterclockwise to move the sound to the left speakers.
A bar graph with indicators will show how the sound is
balanced between the right and left speakers. Stop
turning the AUDIO knob when you find the speaker
balance you want or when the maximum or minimum
level is reached.
3-21
To adjust balance or fade to the middle position, select
BAL or FADE. Then push and hold AUDIO for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep. The indicator
will be centered on the display To adjust both tone
controls and both speaker controls to the middle
position, end out of audio mode by pushing the AUDIO
knob until the display goes blank. Then press and hold
AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. ALL CENTERED will appear on the display.
EQ (Equalizer): This feature allows you to choose
preset bass, mid and treble equalization settings
designed for different program types. Press EQ to select
the desired preset equalization setting. Each time you
press EQ, another setting will appear on the display.
Using RDS
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio
Data System (RDS). With RDS, the radio can
do the following:
D Seek only to stations with the types of programs you
want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies, and
D receive and display messages from radio stations.
RDS features are only available for use on FM stations
which broadcast RDS information. The RDS features of
your radio rely upon receiving specific RDS information
from these stations. These features will only work when
the RDS information is available. In rare cases, a radio
station may broadcast incorrect information that will
cause the radio features to work improperly. If this
happens, contact the radio station.
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name will appear on the display, instead of the
frequency. Most RDS stations provide their station
name, the time of day and a Program Type (PTY)
for their current programming.
3-22
Finding a PTY Station
P-TYP (Program Type): This button is used to turn
on and off Program Type (PTY) select. The P-TYPE
symbol will appear on the display and the SELECT
LED indicator next to the P-TYP button will light.
The last selected PTY will appear on the display for five
seconds. Turn the AUDIO knob to select the PTY you
want to listen to. Press the SEEK arrows to find radio
stations of the PTY you want to listen to. The last
PTY selected will be used for seek. If a station with the
selected PTY is not found, NOT FOUND will appear on
the display. If both P-TYP and TRAF are on, the radio
will search for stations with traffic announcements and
the selected PTY.
To use the PTY interrupt feature, press and hold this
button until you hear a beep on the PTY you want to
interrupt. An asterisk will appear next to the PTY name,
example (CLASSICAL*). When you are listening to a
CD, the last selected RDS FM station will interrupt play
if that selected PTY format is broadcast.
AM FM (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. Press and hold AM FM for two
seconds to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON will appear
on the display. The radio may switch to stronger stations.
Press and hold AM FM again for two seconds to turn
alternate frequency off. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations. When
you turn the ignition off and then on again, the alternate
frequency feature will automatically be turned on.
Setting PTY Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite Program Types (PTYs). These pushbuttons have
factory PTY presets. You can set up to 12 PTYs (six FM1
and six FM2) by performing the following steps:
1. Press AM FM to select FM1 or FM2.
2. Press P-TYP to activate program type mode.
3. Turn the AUDIO knob to select a PTY.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
until you hear a beep. Whenever you press that
numbered pushbutton, the PTY you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-23
RDS Messages
ALERT!: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. ALERT! appears on the display
when an alert announcement plays. When an alert
announcement comes on the current radio station, you
will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a cassette
tape is playing. If the cassette tape is playing, play will
stop for the announcement and resume when the
announcement is finished.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, INFO will appear on the display. Press this
button to see the message. If the whole message does
not appear on the display, parts of the message will
appear every three seconds until the message is
completed. To see the parts of the message faster than
every three seconds, press this button again. A new
group of words will appear on the display. Once the
complete message has been displayed, INFO will
disappear from the display until another new message
is received.
3-24
TRAF (Traffic): Press this button to receive traffic
announcements. The traffic announcement brackets will
appear on the display. TRAF will appear on the display
if the current station broadcasts traffic announcements.
If the current station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, the radio will seek to a station that
does. When the radio finds a station that broadcasts
traffic announcements, it will stop. If no station is found,
NO TRAFFIC will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the current radio
station or a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a CD is playing. If the
CD player was being used, the CD will stay in the player
and resume play at the point where it stopped.
Radio Messages
CAL (CALIBRATE): Your audio system has been
calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If this
message appears on the display it means that your radio
has not been configured properly for your vehicle and
must be returned to the dealership for service.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. The disc should begin playing. If
you want to insert a CD while the ignition or the radio is
off, first press the eject button or DISP.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a disc in the
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or system, the disc will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
1
(Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
quickly reverse within a track. Release is it to play the
passage. You will hear sound at a reduced level.
2
(Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
quickly advance within a track. Release it to play the
passage. You will hear sound at a reduced level.
4 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. Press
RDM again to turn off random play.
DISP (Display): Press this button to see which track is
playing. Press it again within five seconds to see how
long it has been playing. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press this
button until you see the display you want, then hold the
button until the display flashes.
SEEK
: Press the left arrow to go to the start of
the current track if more than eight seconds have played.
If you hold the button or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving back through the disc. Press
the right arrow to go to the next track. If you hold the
button or press it more than once, the player will
continue moving forward through the disc. The sound
will mute while seeking.
To scan CD tracks, press and hold one of the SEEK
arrows for two seconds until SCAN appears on the
display. You will hear a beep. The disc will go to the
next track, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next
track. Press one of the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound will mute and SCAN and the track
number will appear on the display while scanning. The
disc will only scan forward.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
CD is playing.
CD: Press this button to change to playing a CD when
listening to the radio.
(Eject): Press this button to eject a CD.
3-25
Compact Disc Errors
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the radio
display, it could be due to one of the following reasons:
D The road is too rough. The disc should play when the
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Automatic Tone
Control and Radio Data Systems (RDS)
(If Equipped)
road is smoother.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or upside down.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays an
error number, write it down and provide it to your dealer
when reporting the problem.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Push this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob clockwise to increase
volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease the volume.
3-26
DISP (Display): Press this button to display the station
being played or to display the clock. The clock can be
displayed with the ignition on or off.
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob clockwise to tune to the
next station. Turn it counterclockwise to tune to the
previous station.
SEEK
: Press the right or left arrow to go to the
next or previous station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking. The radio will seek to stations with
a strong signal only.
To scan stations, press and hold one of the SEEK arrows
for two seconds until SCAN appears on the display. The
radio will go to a station, play for a few seconds, then go
on to the next station. Press one of the SEEK arrows
again to stop scanning. The sound will mute while
scanning. The radio will seek to stations with a strong
signal only.
To scan preset stations, press and hold one of the SEEK
arrows for more than four seconds until PSCAN and the
preset number appear on the display. You will hear a
double beep. The radio will go to the first preset station
stored on your pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then
go on to the next preset station. Preset scan will only
scan the six presets that are in the band selected. Press
one of the SEEK arrows again to stop scanning your
preset stations. The radio will seek to stations with a
strong signal only.
Setting Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to
your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select AM, FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press EQ to select the EQ setting. It will be stored
with the preset station.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons.
When you hear the radio produce one beep, release
the pushbutton. Whenever you press that numbered
pushbutton, the station you set will return.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-27
AUDIO: Push and release AUDIO until BASS appears
on the display. Then turn the AUDIO knob clockwise to
increase bass. BASS and a positive number will appear
on the display. Turn the AUDIO knob counterclockwise
to decrease bass. BASS and a negative number will
appear on the display. BASS and a zero will appear on
the display when the bass level is set to the middle
position. Stop turning the knob when you find the bass
level you want or when the maximum or minimum level
is reached.
Push and release AUDIO until TREBLE appears on
the display. Then turn the AUDIO knob clockwise to
increase treble. TREBLE and a positive number will
appear on the display. Turn the AUDIO knob
counterclockwise to decrease treble. TREBLE and a
negative number will appear on the display. TREBLE
and a zero will appear on the display when the treble
level is set to the middle position. Stop turning the knob
when you find the treble level you want or when the
maximum or minimum level is reached. If a station is
weak or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
Push and release AUDIO until MID appears on the
display. Then turn the AUDIO knob clockwise to
increase treble. MID and a positive number will appear
on the display. Turn the AUDIO knob counterclockwise
to decrease treble. MID and a negative number will
appear on the display. MID and a zero will appear on the
display when the treble level is set to the middle
position. Stop turning the knob when you find the treble
level you want or when the maximum or minimum level
is reached.
To adjust bass, midrange or treble to the middle
position, select BASS, MID or TREBLE. Then push and
hold AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. BASS and a zero, MID and a zero or TREBLE
and a zero will appear on the display. To adjust both
tone controls and both speaker controls to the middle
position, end out of audio mode by pushing the AUDIO
knob until the display goes blank. Then push and hold
AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. ALL CENTERED will appear on the display.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
3-28
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right and
left speakers, push and release AUDIO until BAL
appears on the display. Then turn the AUDIO knob
clockwise to move the sound to the right speakers or
counterclockwise to move the sound to the left speakers.
A bar graph with indicators will show how the sound is
balanced between the right and left speakers. Stop
turning the AUDIO knob when you find the speaker
balance you want or when the maximum or minimum
level is reached.
To adjust the fade between the front and rear speakers,
push and release AUDIO until FADE appears on the
display. Then turn the AUDIO knob clockwise to move
the sound to the front speakers or counterclockwise to
move the sound to the rear speakers. A bar graph with
indicators will show how the sound is balanced between
the front and rear speakers. Stop turning the AUDIO
knob when you find the speaker balance you want or
when the maximum or minimum level is reached.
To adjust balance or fade to the middle position, select
BAL or FADE. Then push and hold AUDIO for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep. The indicator
will be centered on the display To adjust both tone
controls and both speaker controls to the middle
position, end out of audio mode by pushing the AUDIO
knob until the display goes blank. Then press and hold
AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a
beep. ALL CENTERED will appear on the display.
EQ (Equalizer): This feature allows you to choose
preset bass, mid and treble equalization settings
designed for different program types. Press EQ to select
the desired preset equalization setting. Each time you
press EQ, another setting will appear on the display.
Using RDS
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data System
(RDS). With RDS, the radio can do the following:
D Seek only to stations with the types of programs you
want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies, and
D receive and display messages from radio stations.
RDS features are only available for use on FM stations
which broadcast RDS information. The RDS features of
your radio rely upon receiving specific RDS information
from these stations. These features will only work when
the RDS information is available. In rare cases, a radio
station may broadcast incorrect information that will
cause the radio features to work improperly. If this
happens, contact the radio station.
3-29
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name will appear on the display, instead of the
frequency. Most RDS stations provide their station
name, the time of day and a Program Type (PTY) for
their current programming.
Finding a PTY Station
P-TYP (Program Type): This button is used to turn on
and off Program Type (PTY) select. The P-TYPE
symbol will appear on the display and the SELECT
LED indicator next to the P-TYP button will light. The
last selected PTY will appear on the display for five
seconds. Turn the AUDIO knob to select the PTY you
want to listen to. Press the SEEK arrows to find radio
stations of the PTY you want to listen to. The last PTY
selected will be used for seek. If a station with the
selected PTY is not found, NOT FOUND will appear on
the display. If both P-TYP and TRAF are on, the radio
will search for stations with traffic announcements and
the selected PTY.
To use the PTY interrupt feature, press and hold this
button until you hear a beep on the PTY you want to
interrupt. An asterisk will appear next to the PTY name,
example (CLASSICAL*). When you are listening to a
CD, the last selected RDS FM station will interrupt play
if that selected PTY format is broadcast.
3-30
AM FM (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. Press and hold AM FM for two
seconds to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON will appear
on the display. The radio may switch to stronger stations.
Press and hold AM FM again for two seconds to turn
alternate frequency off. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations. When
you turn the ignition off and then on again, the alternate
frequency feature will automatically be turned on.
Setting PTY Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite Program Types (PTYs). These pushbuttons have
factory PTY presets. You can set up to 12 PTYs (six
FM1 and six FM2) by performing the following steps:
1. Press AM FM to select FM1 or FM2.
2. Press P-TYP to activate program type mode.
3. Turn the AUDIO knob to select a PTY.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
until you hear a beep. Whenever you press that
numbered pushbutton, the PTY you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
RDS Messages
ALERT!: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. ALERT! appears on the display
when an alert announcement plays. When an alert
announcement comes on the current radio station, you
will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a cassette
tape is playing. If the cassette tape is playing, play will
stop for the announcement and resume when the
announcement is finished.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, INFO will appear on the display. Press this
button to see the message. If the whole message does
not appear on the display, parts of the message will
appear every three seconds until the message is
completed. To see the parts of the message faster than
every three seconds, press this button again. A new
group of words will appear on the display. Once the
complete message has been displayed, INFO will
disappear from the display until another new message
is received.
TRAF (Traffic): Press this button to receive traffic
announcements. The traffic announcement brackets will
appear on the display. TRAF will appear on the display
if the current station broadcasts traffic announcements.
If the current station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, the radio will seek to a station that
does. When the radio finds a station that broadcasts
traffic announcements, it will stop. If no station is found,
NO TRAFFIC will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the current radio
station or a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a cassette tape or CD is
playing. If the cassette tape or CD player was being
used, the tape or CD will stay in the player and resume
play at the point where it stopped.
Radio Messages
CAL (CALIBRATE): Your audio system has been
calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If this
message appears on the display it means that your radio
has not been configured properly for your vehicle and
must be returned to the dealership for service.
3-31
Playing a Cassette Tape
The longer side with the tape visible should face to the
right. If the ignition and the radio are on, the tape can be
inserted and will begin playing. If you hear nothing or
hear a garbled sound, the tape may not be in squarely.
Press the eject button to remove the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOLUME and
AUDIO controls just as you do for the radio. The
display will show an arrow to show which side of the
tape is playing.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition or radio is
off, first press the eject button or DISP. Cassette tape
adapter kits for portable compact disc players will work
in your cassette tape player.
Your tape bias is set automatically.
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
1
(Reverse): Press this pushbutton to reverse the
tape rapidly. Press it again to return to playing speed.
The radio will play while the tape reverses.
(Forward): Press this pushbutton to advance
2
quickly to another part of the tape. Press this pushbutton
again to return to playing speed. The radio will play
while the tape advances.
3-32
D
3
(Dolby): Press this pushbutton to reduce
background noise. The double-D symbol will appear on
the display.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
6 SIDE: Press this pushbutton to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
SEEK
: Press the left or right arrow to go to
the previous or next selection on the tape. Your tape
must have at least three seconds of silence between
each selection for seek to work. The sound will mute
while seeking.
To scan cassette tape selections, press and hold one of
the SEEK arrows for two seconds until SCN appears on
the display. You will hear a beep. The tape will go to the
next selection, play for a few seconds, then go on to the
next selection. Press one of the SEEK arrows again to
stop scanning. The sound will mute and SCN will
appear on the display while scanning. The cassette tape
will only scan forward.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
cassette tape or CD is playing.
CD TAPE: Press this button to play a cassette tape or a
CD when listening to the radio.
(Eject): Press this button to eject a tape.
Cassette Tape Messages
If an error message appears while trying to play
a cassette tape, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
D TIGHT TAPE: The tape is tight and the player can’t
turn the tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape
with the open end down and try to turn the right hub
counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over
and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your tape
may be damaged and should not be used in the
player. Try a new tape to make sure your player is
working properly.
D BROKEN TAPE: The tape is broken. Try a
new tape.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays an
error number, write it down and provide it to your dealer
when reporting the problem.
CD Adapter Kits
It is possible to use a portable CD player adapter kit
with your cassette tape player after activating the bypass
feature on your tape player.
To activate the bypass feature, use the following steps:
D
D
D
D
Turn the ignition to RUN or ACCESSORY.
Turn the radio off.
Insert the adapter into the cassette slot.
Press and hold the CD TAPE button until READY
is displayed.
This override routine will remain active until the eject
button is pressed.
CLEAN PLAYER: If this message appears on the
display, the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It
will still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as
possible to prevent damage to the tapes and player. See
“Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index.
3-33
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. The disc should begin playing. If
you want to insert a CD while the ignition or the radio is
off, first press the eject button or DISP.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a disc in the
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or system, the disc will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
1
(Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
quickly reverse within a track. You will hear sound.
(Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
2
quickly advance within a track. You will hear sound.
4 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. Press
RDM again to turn off random play.
DISP (Display): Press this button to see which track is
playing. Press it again within five seconds to see how
long it has been playing. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press this
button until you see the display you want, then hold the
button until the display flashes.
3-34
SEEK
: Press the left SEEK button to go to the
start of the current track if more than eight seconds have
played. If you hold the button or press it more than once,
the player will continue moving back through the disc.
Press the right SEEK button to go to the next track. If
you hold the button or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving forward through the disc.
The sound will mute while seeking.
To scan CD tracks, press and hold one of the SEEK
arrows for two seconds until SCAN appears on the
display. You will hear a beep. The disc will go to the
next track, play for a few seconds, then go on to the
next track. Press one of the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound will mute and SCAN and the track
number will appear on the display while scanning. The
disc will only scan forward.
AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when
a cassette tape or CD is playing.
CD TAPE: Press this button to change to playing a
cassette tape or a CD when listening to the radio.
(Eject): Press this button to eject a CD.
Compact Disc Errors
Trunk-Mounted CD Changer (Option)
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the radio
display, it could be due to one of the following reasons:
D The road is too rough. The disc should play when the
road is smoother.
D The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or upside down.
D The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays an
error number, write it down and provide it to your dealer
when reporting the problem.
With the optional compact disc changer, you can play up
to 12 discs continuously. Normal size discs may be
played using the trays supplied in the magazine.
NOTICE:
Place large objects appropriately in the trunk so
that they will not come into contact with the CD
changer. Damage could result that wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty.
3-35
You must first load the magazine with discs before
you can play a compact disc. Each of the 12 trays
holds one disc. Slide the button on the top of the
magazine and gently pull out one of the trays. Load the
trays from top to bottom, placing a disc on the tray label
side up. If you load a disc with the label side down, the
disc will not play and an error will occur. Gently push
the tray back into the magazine slot until it locks into
place. Repeat this procedure for loading up to 12 discs
in the magazine.
3-36
Once you have loaded the discs in the magazine, slide
open the door of the compact disc (CD) changer. Push
the magazine into the changer in the direction of the
arrow marked on top of the magazine.
Whenever a CD magazine with discs is loaded in the
changer and the door is closed, the CD changer stack
symbol will appear on the radio display. If the CD
changer is checking the magazine for CDs, the CD
changer stack symbol will flash on the display until the
changer is ready to play. When a CD begins playing, the
disc and track number will be displayed. The disc
numbers are listed on the front of the magazine.
All of the CD functions are controlled by the radio
buttons except for ejecting the magazine.
Playing a Compact Disc
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
Close the door by sliding it all the way to the right.
When the door is closed, the changer will begin
checking for discs in the magazine. This will continue
for up to one and a half minutes depending on the
number of discs loaded.
To eject the magazine from the player, slide the CD
changer door all the way open (to the left). The
magazine will automatically eject. Remember to keep
the door closed whenever possible to keep dirt and dust
from getting inside the changer.
1
(Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
quickly reverse within a track. As the CD reverses,
elapsed time will be displayed to help you find the
correct passage.
(Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
2
quickly advance within a track. As the CD advances,
elapsed time will be displayed to help you find the
correct passage.
3-37
4 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to enter the
random play mode. RAND will appear on the display.
While in this mode, tracks and discs will be played in
random order. Press this pushbutton again to turn off the
random feature and return to normal operation.
6 SIDE: Press this pushbutton to select the next disc in
the magazine. Each time you press SIDE, the disc
number on the radio display will go to that of the next
available CD.
DISP (Display): Press this button to see how long the
current track has been playing. Press this button again to
display the disc and track number. To change what is
normally shown on the display (track or elapsed time),
press this button until you see the display you want, then
hold this button until the display flashes and a chime is
heard. While elapsed time is showing, CD TIME will
appear on the display.
3-38
SEEK
: Press the left arrow while playing a CD
to go back to the start of the current track if more than
eight seconds have played. If you press it more than
once, the player will continue moving backward through
the disc. Press the right arrow and it will go to the next
track on the disc. If you press it more than once, the
player will continue moving forward through the disc.
The sound will mute while seeking.
When you press the left SEEK arrow for two seconds
you will hear a beep. The disc will play the first few
seconds of each track on each disc. The sound will
mute while scanning and DISC SCAN will appear
on the display. Press the left SEEK arrow again to
stop scanning.
AM FM: Press this button to return to listening to the
radio while a CD is playing.
TAPE/CD/CD TAPE: Press this button to play a
CD if you have a magazine loaded in the changer when
listening to the radio. You can also press this button to
switch between a cassette tape, CD or the CD changer if
all three are loaded.
Compact Disc Changer Errors
E (Error): If this message and a number appear on the
display, an error has occurred.
If the error occurred while trying to play a CD in the
compact disc player or changer, the following conditions
may have caused the error:
D E30: The road is too rough. The disc should play
when the road is smoother.
D E30: The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or
upside down.
D E30: The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
and try again.
D E34: The CD changer door is open. Completely
close the door to restore normal operation.
D E35: An empty magazine is inserted in the CD
changer. Try the magazine again with a disc loaded
on one of the trays.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays
an error number other than the error codes listed
previously, write it down and provide it to your dealer
when reporting the problem.
Personal Choice Radio Controls
(If Equipped)
This feature enables two drivers to store and recall personal
settings for AM and FM presets, last tuned station, volume,
tone and audio source (radio, cassette or CD).
The memory buttons (1 or 2) for this feature are located
on the driver’s door panel and correspond to the
numbers (1 or 2) found on the back of each remote
keyless entry transmitter.
To recall audio sources, press the unlock button on the
remote keyless entry transmitter and put the ignition in
RUN. The source last listened to will be recalled for the
identified driver (1 or 2).
To program this feature, do the following:
1. Set all radio preferences. For more information see
“Setting Preset Stations” and “Setting the Tone”
listed for your particular radio.
2. Locate the memory buttons on the driver’s door panel.
3. Press one of the memory buttons (1 or 2) until you
hear two beeps. The beeps confirm that your
selection has been saved and can now be recalled.
Follow these steps each time you want to change the
stored settings.
3-39
Theft-Deterrent Feature (If Equipped)
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
(If Equipped)
radio. It works by using a secret code to disable all radio
functions whenever battery power is removed and the
radio is placed in a different vehicle. This feature
requires no user input to be activated. It is automatically
armed when it is put into the vehicle for the first time.
If your vehicle has this feature, you can control certain
radio functions using the buttons on your steering wheel.
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of your
When the ignition is turned off, the blinking red light
indicates that THEFTLOCK is armed.
If THEFTLOCK is activated, your radio will not operate
if stolen. The radio will display LOCKED and a red
LED indicator light will come on above the key symbol
to indicate a locked condition. If this occurs, the radio
will have to be returned to the dealer.
SOURCE: Press this button to play a cassette tape or
compact disc when listening to the radio. If a cassette
tape and a compact disc are both loaded, the system will
go to the tape play first.
MUTE: Press this button to silence the system. Press it
again to turn on the sound.
YVOL B (Volume): Press the up or down arrow to
increase or decrease volume.
3-40
YSEEKB: Press the up arrow to seek to the next station
and the down arrow to seek to the previous station. The
sound will mute while seeking. When playing a cassette
tape or a compact disc, press the up arrow to hear the
next selection.
AM/FM: Press this button to choose AM, FM1 or FM2.
SCAN: Press this button to scan your radio preset
stations. The radio will scan to the first preset station
stored on your pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then
go on to the next preset station. The radio will scan
preset stations with a strong signal only. Press this
button again to stop scanning.
Understanding Radio Reception
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
FM Stereo
Cellular Phone Usage
Cellular phone usage may cause interference with your
vehicle’s radio. This interference may occur when
making or receiving phone calls, charging the phone’s
battery or simply having the phone turned on. This
interference is described as an increased level of static
while listening to the radio. If you notice static while
listening to the radio, unplug the cellular phone and
turn it off.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud
and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage do the following:
1. Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
2. Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
3-41
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very
important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation of
your vehicle’s engine, Delphi Electronics radio or
other systems, and even damage them. Your
vehicle’s systems may interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has been
added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after
every 50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLEAN
PLAYER to indicate that you have used your tape player
for 50 hours without resetting the tape clean timer. If
this message appears on the display, your cassette tape
player needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but
you should clean it as soon as possible to prevent
damage to your tapes and player. If you notice a
reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette
to see if it is the tape or the tape player at fault. If this
other cassette has no improvement in sound quality,
clean the tape player.
The recommended cleaning method for your cassette
tape player is the use of a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealer (GM Part No. 12344789).
3-42
When cleaning the cassette tape player with the
recommended non-abrasive cleaning cassette, it is
possible that the cassette may eject, because the cut tape
detection feature on your radio may recognize it as a
broken tape. If the cleaning cassette ejects, insert the
cassette at least three times to ensure thorough cleaning.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
After you clean the player, press and hold the eject
button for five seconds to reset the CLEAN PLAYER
indicator. The radio will display --- to show the
indicator was reset.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
3-43
Diversity Antenna System
Your AM-FM antennas are located in the front
windshield and rear window. Be sure that the inside
surfaces of the front windshield and rear window are
not scratched and that the lines on the glass are not
damaged. If the inside surfaces are damaged, they
could interfere with radio reception. Also, for proper
radio reception, the antenna connectors at the top-center
of the front and rear windows need to be properly
attached to the posts on the glass.
Do not apply aftermarket glass tinting. The metallic film
in some tinting materials will interfere with or distort the
incoming radio reception.
NOTICE:
Do not try to clear frost or other material from
the inside of the rear window with a razor blade
or anything else that is sharp. This may damage
the rear defogger grid and affect your radio’s
ability to pick up stations clearly. The repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
3-44
If, when you turn on your rear window defogger, you
hear static on your radio station, it could mean that a
defogger grid line has been damaged. If this is true, the
grid line must be repaired.
If you choose to add an aftermarket cellular telephone to
your vehicle, and the antenna needs to be attached to the
glass, be sure that you do not damage the grid lines for
the AM-FM antennas or place the cellular telephone
antenna over the grid lines.
Chime Level Adjustment
The volume level of the vehicle’s chimes can be
controlled by the radio. To change the volume level,
press and hold pushbutton 1 with the ignition on and the
radio power off. The chime volume level will change
from the soft level to loud, and LOd will be displayed
on the radio. To change back to the soft level setting,
press and hold pushbutton 1 again. The chime level
will change from the loud level to soft, and Sf will
be displayed.
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-6
4-6
4-9
4-11
4-13
4-13
4-15
4-16
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Traction Control System (If Equipped)
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving at Night
4-18
4-21
4-22
4-23
4-24
4-24
4-26
4-30
4-32
4-34
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
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4-1
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to
be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they
might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable
of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See “Safety Belts” in the Index.
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Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate
on the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task -- such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on the
floor -- makes proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.
Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull
off the road in a safe place to do them yourself.
These simple defensive driving techniques could
save your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, about 16,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, it’s
against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to solve the leading highway safety
problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then
drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much”
if the driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many
might think. Although it depends on each person
and situation, here is some general information on
the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
D The amount of alcohol consumed
D The drinker’s body weight
D The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
D The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
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Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that
a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany.
The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United
States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks,
and how quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking will
have a somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having
a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance
of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious -- or even
fatal -- collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride with a
driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a
cab; or if you’re with a group, designate a driver
who will not drink.
4-5
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up
your foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second.
But that’s only an average. It might be less with one
driver and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and
others is important.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle. Also see “Traction Control System”
in the Index.
4-6
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the
vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic.
This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to
cool between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out
much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you
keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following
distances, you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary
braking. That means better braking and longer
brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes. ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine, or when you begin to drive
away, your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You
may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while
this test is going on, and you may even notice that your
brake pedal moves or pulses a little. This is normal.
If there’s a problem with
the anti-lock brake system,
this warning light will stay
on. See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” in
the Index.
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The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster
than any driver could. The computer is programmed to
make the most of available tire and road conditions.
This can help you steer around the obstacle while
braking hard.
Let’s say the road is wet and you’re driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you.
You slam on the brakes and continue braking.
Here’s what happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at
both rear wheels.
4-8
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal
down firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may
feel a slight brake pedal pulsation or notice some noise,
but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Traction Control System
(If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have a traction control system that
limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that one or both of the front wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the
system works the front brakes and reduces engine
power to limit wheel spin.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this
is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. See “Cruise Control”
in the Index.
4-9
This light should come
on briefly when you start
the engine. If it stays on
or comes on while you
are driving, there’s a
problem with your
traction control system.
See “Traction Control System Warning Light” in the
Index. When this warning light is on, the system will not
limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to.
You should turn the system off if your vehicle ever
gets stuck in sand, mud or snow and rocking the vehicle
is required. See “Rocking Your Vehicle” in the Index.
To turn the system off, press the TRACTION OFF
button located at the end of the shift lever on the right
side of the steering wheel.
The traction control system warning light will come
on and stay on. If the system is limiting wheel spin
when you press the button, the warning light will come
on -- but the system won’t turn off right away.
It will wait until there’s no longer a current need to
limit wheel spin.
You can turn the system back on at any time by pressing
the button again. The traction control system warning
light should go off.
4-10
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer
but it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then you
suddenly accelerate. Both control systems -- steering and
acceleration -- have to do their work where the tires meet
the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too
much of those places. You can lose control. Refer to
“Traction Control” in the Index.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it
to go, and slow down.
If you have StabilitrakR, you may see the STABILITY
SYSTEM ACTIVE message on the Driver Information
Center. See “Stability System Active Message” in
the Index.
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you’re
in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through
the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed.
Wait to accelerate until you are out of the curve,
and then accelerate gently into the straightaway.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
4-11
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasive action -- steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section. It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left
or right depending on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-12
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
D “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides
and to crossroads for situations that might affect your
passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever
about making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn
until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge.
Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down
the roadway.
D Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross
a solid line on your side of the lane or a double
solid line, even if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
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D Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, following too closely reduces your area of
vision, especially if you’re following a larger
vehicle. Also, you won’t have adequate space if the
vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
D When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and
don’t get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
D If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
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D Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
D Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
D Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
D If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what happens
when the three control systems (brakes, steering and
acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the tires
meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer and
constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving”
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip
and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid,
too much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot
off the accelerator pedal.
If you have the traction control system, remember: It
helps avoid only the acceleration skid.
If you do not have traction control, or if the system is
off, then an acceleration skid is also best handled by
easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
If you have StabilitrakR, you may see the STABILITY
SYSTEM ACTIVE message on the Driver Information
Center. See “Stability System Active Message” in
the Index.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to
slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery until
your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
4-15
Driving at Night
Here are some tips on night driving.
D Drive defensively.
D Don’t drink and drive.
D Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
D Since you can’t see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
D Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
D In remote areas, watch for animals.
D If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired -- by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
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No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes
will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a
lot of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When you
are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who
doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even aware of it.
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Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment
in good shape and keep your windshield washer tank
filled with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start
to separate from the inserts.
4-18
CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
4-19
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can
be carried away. As little as six inches of flowing
water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this
happens, you and other vehicle occupants could
drown. Don’t ignore police warning signs, and
otherwise be very cautious about trying to drive
through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
D Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
D Have good tires with proper tread depth.
See “Tires” in the Index.
4-20
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
D Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into an
unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
D Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You’ll save time and energy.
See the next part, “Freeway Driving.”
D Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light
is there because the corner is busy enough to need it.
When a light turns green, and just before you start
to move, check both ways for vehicles that have
not cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
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Freeway Driving
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
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Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not,
under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on
to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in
Buick dealerships all across North America.
They’ll be ready and willing to help if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
D Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
D Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
D Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
D Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
D Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated
to the recommended pressure?
D Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
D Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
4-23
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let
it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
D Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
D Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and
to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
D If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
4-24
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
D Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
D Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you
go down a steep or long hill.
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going
down a hill. You could crash. Always have your
engine running and your vehicle in gear when
you go downhill.
D Know how to go uphill. Drive in the highest
gear possible.
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going
down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to
let your engine assist your brakes on a steep
downhill slope.
D Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or
cut across the center of the road. Drive at speeds
that let you stay in your own lane.
D As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be
something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.
D You may see highway signs on mountains that warn
of special problems. Examples are long grades, passing
or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
4-25
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
D Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
D You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
4-26
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires
and the road, you can have a very slippery situation.
You’ll have a lot less traction or “grip” and will
need to be very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32_F; 0_C) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution.
If you have traction control, keep the system on.
It will improve your ability to accelerate when driving
on a slippery road. Even though your vehicle has a
traction control system, you’ll want to slow down and
adjust your driving to the road conditions. See “Traction
Control System” in the Index.
If you don’t have the traction control system, accelerate
gently. Try not to break the fragile traction. If you
accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish
the surface under the tires even more.
4-27
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have the anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
D Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
D Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and
your passengers safe:
D Turn on your hazard flashers.
4-28
D Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
D Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will help
keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
with your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
4-29
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle
behind another vehicle -- such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your
vehicle with all four wheels on the ground) and “dolly
towing” (towing your vehicle with two wheels on the
ground and two wheels up on a device known as
a “dolly”).
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Towing” and “Dolly Towing,” following.
4-30
Here are some important things to consider before
you do recreational vehicle towing:
D What’s the towing capacity of the towing
vehicle? Be sure you read the tow vehicle
manufacturer’s recommendations.
D How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they can tow.
D Do you have the proper towing equipment? See your
dealer or trailering professional for additional advice
and equipment recommendations.
D Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you would
prepare your vehicle for a long trip, you’ll want to
make sure your vehicle is prepared to be towed. See
“Before Leaving on a Long Trip” in the Index.
Dinghy Towing
Dolly Towing
NOTICE:
Towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the
ground will damage drivetrain components.
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all four
wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be towed,
you should use a dolly. See “Dolly Towing” following
for more information.
Your vehicle can be towed using a dolly. To tow your
vehicle using a dolly, follow these steps:
1. Put the front wheels on the dolly.
2. Put the vehicle in PARK (P).
3. Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead position.
5. Release the parking brake.
4-31
Loading Your Vehicle
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label
found on the rear edge of the driver’s door tells you the
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
pressures for the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you
important information about the number of people that
can be in your vehicle and the total weight that you can
carry. This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity Weight
and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo and all
nonfactory-installed options.
4-32
The other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver’s door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes
the weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the
front or rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread
it out. Don’t carry more than 176 lbs. (80 kg) in
your trunk.
CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the
life of your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail because of overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else -- they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn,
or in a crash.
D Put things in the trunk of your vehicle. In a
trunk, put them as far forward as you can.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
D Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
D Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
D When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Electronic Level Control
This feature keeps the rear of your vehicle level as the
load changes. It is automatic -- you do not need to
adjust anything.
4-33
Towing a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy,
the brakes may not work well -- or even at all.
You and your passengers could be seriously
injured. You may also damage your vehicle; the
resulting repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Pull a trailer only if you have followed
all the steps in this section. Ask your dealer for
advice and information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
4-34
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with the
proper trailer towing equipment. To identify what the
vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer”
that appears later in this section. But trailering is
different than just driving your vehicle by itself.
Trailering means changes in handling, durability
and fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes
correct equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that
of your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine is
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
Weight of the Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
D There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
D Consider using a sway control. You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
D Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
D Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
D Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers, or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h),
to save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
D the weight of the trailer,
D the weight of the trailer tongue
D and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg).
But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to
pull a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Buick Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33136
Detroit, MI 48232-5136
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
4-35
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total or gross
weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. And if you tow a trailer, you must
add the tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle
will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index for more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch or a
weight-distributing hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should
weigh 10-15 percent of the total loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Tire-Loading Information label located at the rear edge
of the driver’s door or see “Loading Your Vehicle” in the
Index. Then be sure you don’t go over the GVW limit for
your vehicle, including the weight of the trailer tongue.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
D The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a frame-mounted
hitch that does not attach to the bumper.
4-36
D Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do,
then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into
your vehicle. See “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index.
Dirt and water can, too.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
Trailer Brakes
Does your trailer have its own brakes? Be sure to read and
follow the instructions for the trailer brakes so you’ll be
able to install, adjust and maintain them properly.
Because you have anti-lock brakes, do not try to tap into
your vehicle’s brake system. If you do, both brake
systems won’t work well, or at all.
Trailer Wiring Harness
All of the electrical circuits required for your trailer
lighting system can be accessed at the driver’s side rear
lamp connector. This connector is located under the
carpet on the rear corner of the trunk compartment.
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you
are driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving
and then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be
sure the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
4-37
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require heavy
braking and sudden turns.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good
deal longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond
the passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that
hand to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move
your hand to the right. Always back up slowly and,
if possible, have someone guide you.
4-38
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft
shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well
in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring. Check
with your dealer. The arrows on your instrument panel
will flash whenever you signal a turn or lane change.
Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash,
telling other drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes
or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you
are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s important
to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are
still working.
Your vehicle has bulb warning lights. When you plug
a trailer lighting system into your vehicle’s lighting
system, its bulb warning lights may not let you know
if one of your lamps goes out. So, when you have a
trailer lighting system plugged in, be sure to check your
vehicle and trailer lamps from time to time to be sure
they’re all working. Once you disconnect the trailer
lamps, the bulb warning lights again can tell you if
one of your vehicle lamps is out.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you
start down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t
shift down, you might have to use your brakes so
much that they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down to THIRD (3) and
reduce your speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce
the possibility of engine and transaxle overheating.
Parking on Hills
CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with
a trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People can
be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer
can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and then shift to PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
4-39
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
D start your engine,
D shift into a gear, and
D release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, drive belt, cooling system and brake system.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index
will help you find them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s
a good idea to review this information before you start
your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
4-40
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5-2
5-3
5-9
5-10
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
5-12
5-20
5-20
5-30
5-31
Cooling System
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
Compact Spare Tire
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
5-
5-1
Hazard Warning Flashers
The hazard warning flasher
button is located on top of
the steering column.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off. To turn the flashers off, press
the button again.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
5-2
Jump Starting
If your vehicle’s battery has run down, you may want to
use another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Be sure to use the steps below to do it safely.
CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
D They contain acid that can burn you.
D They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
D They contain enough electricity to burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some or all
of these things can hurt you.
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage
to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
The ACDelcoR battery in your vehicle has a
built-in hydrometer. Do not charge, test or jump
start the battery if the hydrometer looks clear
or light yellow. Replace the battery when there
is a clear or light yellow hydrometer and a
cranking complaint.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
5-3
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able
to start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic transaxle
in PARK (P) or a manual transmission in NEUTRAL
before setting the parking brake.
5-4
NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or in the auxiliary power outlet(s). Turn off
the radio and all lamps that aren’t needed. This will
avoid sparks and help save both batteries. And it
could save your radio!
4. Open the hood on the other vehicle and locate the
positive (+) and negative (-) terminal locations on
that vehicle.
Open the hood on your vehicle and find the
remote positive (+) terminal, located in the engine
compartment on the passenger side of the vehicle.
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index
for more information on location.
Access the remote
positive (+) terminal by
removing the cover.
You will not see the battery of your vehicle under the
hood. It is located under the rear passenger’s seat. You
will not need to access the battery for jump starting.
The remote positive (+) terminal is for that purpose.
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t
need to add water to the ACDelcoR battery
installed in every new GM vehicle. But if a
battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take
care of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas
could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
5-5
CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal
if the vehicle has one. Negative (-) will go to a
heavy, unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (-) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Don’t connect positive (+) to negative (-) or you’ll
get a short that would damage the battery and maybe
other parts too. And don’t connect the negative (-)
cable to the negative (-) terminal on the dead battery
because this can cause sparks.
5-6
6. Connect the red
positive (+) cable to the
positive (+) terminal of
the dead battery. Use
a remote positive (+)
terminal if the vehicle
has one.
7. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to the
negative (-) terminal of
the good battery. Use a
remote negative (-)
terminal if the vehicle
has one.
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next
step. The other end of the negative (-) cable doesn’t
go to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy, unpainted
metal engine part or to a remote negative (-) terminal
on the vehicle with the dead battery.
5-7
9.
Connect the other end
of the negative (-) cable
at least 18 inches
(45 cm) away from the
dead battery, but not
near engine parts that
move. The electrical
connection is just as
good there, and the
chance of sparks getting
back to the battery is
much less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
5-8
NOTICE:
Damage to your vehicle may result from
electrical shorting if jumper cables are removed
incorrectly. To prevent electrical shorting, take
care that the cables don’t touch each other or any
other metal. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles,
do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
5. Return the positive (+) remote terminal cover to its
original position.
Towing Your Vehicle
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and Remote
Negative (-) Terminals
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your disabled vehicle towed. See
“Roadside Assistance” in the Index. If you want to
tow your vehicle behind another vehicle for recreational
purposes (such as behind a motorhome), see
“Recreational Vehicle Towing” in the Index.
C. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or Remote
Negative (-) Terminal
5-9
Engine Overheating
You will find a warning light about a hot engine as well
as an engine coolant temperature gage on your vehicle’s
instrument panel cluster. If your vehicle is equipped
with the optional Driver Information Center (DIC),
an ENGINE COOLANT LOW warning will appear
on the display.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn you
badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before you
open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You or
others could be badly burned. Stop your engine if
it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the
engine is cool.
NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not
be covered by your warranty.
5-10
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or hear no
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
D
D
D
D
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about
10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park
your vehicle right away.
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
If there’s still no sign of steam, idle the engine for
three minutes while you’re parked. If you still have
the warning, turn off the engine and get everyone
out of the vehicle until it cools down.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
1. If your air conditioner is on, turn it off.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( )
or THIRD (3).
B
5-11
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood can
start up even when the engine is not running and
can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
A. Coolant Recovery Tank
B. Radiator Pressure Cap
C. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
5-12
See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index
for more information
on location.
The coolant level should be at or above the FULL
COLD mark (if the engine is hot, the coolant level
should be at FULL HOT). If it isn’t, you may have a
leak at the pressure cap or in the radiator hoses, heater
hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere else in the
cooling system.
CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them. If you
do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check
to see if the electric engine cooling fans are running.
If the engine is overheating, both fans should be
running. If they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you
use only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added
to the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
5-13
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
NOTICE:
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at the FULL COLD mark, add a 50/50 mixture of
clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOLR engine
coolant at the coolant recovery tank. See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for more information.
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid such as alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
5-14
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
CAUTION: (Continued)
Never turn the cap when the cooling system,
including the radiator pressure cap, is hot. Wait
for the cooling system and radiator pressure cap
to cool if you ever have to turn the pressure cap.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at the
FULL COLD mark, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant
mixture directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling
system is cool before you do it.
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the radiator
pressure cap -- even a little -- they can come out
at high speed.
CAUTION: (Continued)
5-15
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap, but now push
down as you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure cap
and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot. Turn
the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise until it
first stops. (Don’t press down while turning the
pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
5-16
3. Remove the 3800 Series II V6 engine cover shield to
access the bleed valve.
There is one
bleed valve. It is
located on the
thermostat housing.
4. After the engine cools, open the coolant air
bleed valve.
A. Clean the area around the engine oil fill tube and cap
before removing. Twist the oil fill tube, with cap
attached, counterclockwise and remove it.
B. If you have the supercharged engine, remove the nut
in the center of the cover shield.
C. Lift the engine cover shield at the front, slide the
catch tab out of the engine bracket and remove the
cover shield.
D. Put the oil fill tube, with cap attached, in the valve
cover oil fill hole until you’re ready to replace the
cover shield.
5-17
7. Replace the 3800 Series II V6 engine cover shield.
A. Remove the oil fill tube, with cap attached, from
the valve cover.
B. Insert the catch tab on the cover shield under the
bracket on the engine.
C. Place the hole in the cover shield over the hole in
the valve cover. Install oil fill tube and cap by
twisting clockwise.
D. If you have the supercharged engine, install the
nut in the center of the cover shield.
5. Fill the radiator with the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture, up to the base of the filler neck.
See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for more
information about the proper coolant mixture.
8. Then fill the coolant
recovery tank to the
FULL COLD mark.
If you see a stream of coolant coming from an
air bleed valve, close the valve. Otherwise, close
the valve after the radiator is filled.
6. Rinse or wipe any spilled coolant from the engine
and the compartment.
5-18
9. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank,
but leave the radiator pressure cap off.
12. Then replace the
presure cap. At any time
during this procedure if
coolant begins to flow
out of the filler neck,
reinstall the pressure
cap. Be sure the arrow
on the pressure cap lines
up like this.
10. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fans.
11. By this time, the coolant level inside the radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper DEX-COOLR coolant mixture
through the filler neck until the level reaches the
base of the filler neck.
5-19
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a
few tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off
the accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake
to a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in
a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from
the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may
be very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer.
Gently brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-20
CAUTION:
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t move,
you can put blocks at the front and rear of the
tire farthest away from the one being changed.
That would be the tire on the other side of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
The equipment you’ll need is located in the trunk.
1. Pull the carpeting from the floor of the trunk.
2. Lift and remove the cover.
3. Remove the compact spare tire. See “Compact Spare
Tire” later in this section for more information about
the compact spare.
5-21
4. Unscrew the wing nuts to remove the container that
holds the wrench and jack.
Removing Wheel Covers and Wheel
Nut Caps
5. Remove the wheel wrench, jack and the spare tire
from the trunk.
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A) and the
wheel wrench (B).
If your vehicle has an aluminum wheel with a center
cover that hides the wheel nuts, remove the center cover
by using the flat end of the wheel wrench to pry it off.
If your vehicle has a wheel cover, remove it by using the
flat end of the wheel wrench. Pry along the edge of the
wheel cover until it comes off.
When reinstalling the wheel cover, carefully line up the
tire valve stem and the notch in the wheel cover.
5-22
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
3. Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise to lower
the jack head until it fits under the vehicle.
1. Use the wheel wrench to loosen the wheel nuts, but
don’t remove them yet.
2. The jack has a bolt at the end. Attach the wheel
wrench to the bolt to create a jack handle.
5-23
CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
4. Put the jack into a notch in the frame which is
located near each wheel well. The front notch is
eight inches (20 cm) back from the front wheel well.
The rear notch is three inches (8 cm) forward from
the rear wheel well. The notches are accessible
through openings in the plastic trim at the bottom
of the vehicle.
Position the jack and raise the jack head until it fits
firmly on the ridge in the vehicle’s frame nearest the
flat tire. Do not raise the vehicle yet. Put the compact
spare tire near you.
5-24
CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even make
the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal injury
and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack lift
head into the proper location before raising
the vehicle.
7. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
CAUTION:
5. Raise the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
clockwise in the jack. Raise the vehicle far enough
so there’s enough room for the spare tire to fit under
the wheel well.
6. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or
dirt off.
5-25
10. Lower the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
counterclockwise on the jack. Lower the
jack completely.
CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
8. Place the compact spare tire on the
wheel-mounting surface.
9. Reinstall the wheel nuts
with the rounded end of
the nuts toward the
wheel. Make sure each
wheel stud is centered in
each wheel hole while
tightening the nuts.
Tighten each nut by
hand until the wheel is
held against the hub.
5-26
11. Tighten the wheel
nuts firmly in a
crisscross sequence.
CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to
100 lb-ft (140 N·m).
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare. If
you try to put a wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
5-27
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
After you’ve put the compact spare tire on your vehicle,
you’ll need to store the flat tire in your trunk. Use the
following procedure to secure the flat tire in the trunk.
Store the flat tire as far forward in the trunk as possible.
Store the jack and wheel wrench in their compartment in
the trunk.
5-28
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
Store the compact spare tire and tools as shown in
the diagram.
A. Wrench
B. Jack
C. Jack Container
D. Retainer
E. Spare Tire Cover
F. Retainer
The compact spare tire is for temporary use only.
Replace the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as
soon as you can. See “Compact Spare Tire” later in
this section.
5-29
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated
when your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make sure your spare
tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare is made to
perform well at speeds up to 65 mph (105 km/h) for
distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can finish
your trip and have your full-size tire repaired or replaced
where you want. You must calibrate the Check Tire
Pressure System after installing or removing the compact
spare. See “Check Tire Pressure System” in the Index.
Of course, it’s best to replace your spare with a full-size
tire as soon as you can. Your spare will last longer and be
in good shape in case you need it again.
NOTICE:
When the compact spare is installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare. Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
5-30
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
NOTICE:
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin
your wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking”
can help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must
use caution.
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transaxle back and
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they
can explode, and you or others could be injured.
And, the transaxle or other parts of the vehicle
can overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. If your vehicle
has traction control, you should turn the system off.
See “Traction Control System” in the Index. Then
shift back and forth between REVERSE (R) and a
forward gear, spinning the wheels as little as possible.
Release the accelerator pedal while you shift, and press
lightly on the accelerator pedal when the transaxle is in
gear. By slowly spinning your wheels in the forward and
reverse directions, you will cause a rocking motion that
may free your vehicle. If that doesn’t get you out after a
few tries, you may need to be towed out. If you do
need to be towed out, see “Towing Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
5-31
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
6-2
6-3
6-5
6-6
6-8
6-8
6-11
6-16
6-19
6-20
6-23
6-26
6-26
6-27
6-29
6-32
6-34
Service
Fuel
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under the Hood
Engine Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
(If Equipped)
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Engine Coolant
Radiator Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
Brakes
Battery
Bulb Replacement
6-
6-43
6-44
6-53
6-54
6-56
6-56
6-57
6-59
6-59
6-60
6-61
6-62
6-62
6-63
6-71
6-71
6-72
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Care of Safety Belts
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning Tires
Sheet Metal Damage
Finish Damage
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
Electrical System
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
6-1
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and
list the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
6-2
CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
D Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
D Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer before adding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
Fuel
Gasoline Octane
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane
of 87 or higher. If the octane is less than 87, you may
get a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If it is bad
enough, it can damage your engine. A little pinging
noise when you accelerate or drive uphill is considered
normal. This does not indicate a problem exists or that
a higher-octane fuel is necessary.
6-3
Gasoline Specifications
California Fuel
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by the American Automobile
Manufacturers Association and endorsed by the
Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers’ Association for better
vehicle performance and engine protection. Gasolines
meeting these specifications could provide improved
driveability and emission control system performance
compared to other gasolines.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (see the underhood emission control label),
it is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If this fuel is not available in states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may
turn on (see “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the Index)
and your vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this
occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the condition is
caused by the type of fuel used, repairs may not be
covered by your warranty.
In Canada, look for
the “Auto Makers’
Choice” label on
the pump.
Canada Only
6-4
Additives
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does
not recommend the use of such gasolines. Fuels
containing MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs and
the performance of the emission control system may be
affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may turn on.
If this occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer
for service.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work properly.
You should not have to add anything to your fuel.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available
in your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly
if they comply with the specifications described earlier.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your
fuel system and also damage plastic and rubber
parts. That damage wouldn’t be covered under
your warranty.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in
the country where you’ll be driving.
6-5
Filling Your Tank
CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
While refueling, hang the tethered fuel cap from the
hook on the fuel door.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The fuel cap has a spring in it;
if you let go of the cap too soon, it will spring back
to the right.
The fuel cap is located behind a hinged fuel door on the
driver’s side of the vehicle.
6-6
CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourself and then
something ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the
fuel cap too quickly. This spray can happen if
your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in hot
weather. Open the fuel cap slowly and wait for
any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew the cap
all the way.
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning
the Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
The GAS CAP LOOSE-CHECK CAP message will
be displayed on the Driver Information Center (DIC)
(if equipped) if the fuel cap is not properly reinstalled.
NOTICE:
If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get the
right type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you
get the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This
may cause your malfunction indicator lamp to
light and may damage your fuel tank and
emissions system. See “Malfunction Indicator
Lamp” in the Index.
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
6-7
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the gasoline vapor. You can
be badly burned and your vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:
D Dispense gasoline only into
approved containers.
D Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
D Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
D Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
6-8
Checking Things Under the Hood
CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up and
injure you even when the engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others
could be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, do the following:
1. Pull the hood release
handle inside the
vehicle. It is located next
to the parking brake
pedal near the floor.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and pull up on the
secondary hood release. The hood latch is located
under the hood, near the center, and at the front edge
of the grille.
3. Lift up on the latch as you lift up on the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are
on properly. Then just pull the hood down and close
it firmly.
6-9
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the 3800 (L36) engine, you’ll see:
A. Engine Compartment
Fuse Block
B. Windshield Washer
Fluid Reservoir
C. Remote Positive Terminal
6-10
D.
E.
F.
G.
Engine Coolant Recovery Tank
Radiator Pressure Cap
Engine Oil Dipstick
Engine Oil Fill Cap
H. Automatic Transaxle
Fluid Dipstick
I. Brake Master
Cylinder Reservoir
J. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Checking Engine Oil
Engine Oil
If the ENGINE OIL LOWCHECK LEVEL DIC
message appears on the
instrument cluster, it means
you need to check your
engine oil level right away.
For more information,
see “DIC Warnings and
Messages” in the Index.
You should check your engine oil level regularly; this is
an added reminder.
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick is
located right behind the
engine fans and in front
of the engine oil filler cap.
The top of the dipstick is
a round yellow loop. See
“Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index
for more information
on location.
6-11
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has so
much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
The engine oil fill cap is
located near the engine
oil dipstick. See “Engine
Compartment Overview”
in the Index for more
information on location.
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use.
For engine oil crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and
Specifications” in the Index.
6-12
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the starburst symbol.
This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by
the American Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any
oil which does not carry this starburst symbol.
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container.
If you have your oil
changed for you, be sure
the oil put into your engine
is American Petroleum
Institute certified for
gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
6-13
SAE 10W-30 is best for your vehicle. However, you can
use SAE 5W-30 if it’s going to be colder than 60_F
(16_C) before your next oil change. When it’s very cold,
you should use SAE 5W-30. These numbers on an oil
container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-50.
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines starburst
symbol. Failure to use the recommended oil
can result in engine damage not covered by
your warranty.
GM GoodwrenchR oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area where the temperature falls below
-20_F (-29_C), consider using either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol are all you will need for good
performance and engine protection.
6-14
When to Change Engine Oil (Vehicles
Without the GM Oil Life Systemt)
If any one of these is true for you, use the short trip/city
maintenance schedule:
D Most trips are less than 5 miles (8 km). This is
particularly important when outside temperatures
are below freezing.
D Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
D You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of
your vehicle.
D The vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
Driving under these conditions causes engine oil to
break down sooner. If any one of these is true for your
vehicle, then you need to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever
occurs first.
If none of them is true, use the long trip/highway
maintenance schedule. Change the oil and filter every
7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months -- whichever
occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed
engine under highway conditions will cause engine oil
to break down slower.
When to Change Engine Oil (Vehicles With
the GM Oil Life System Option)
t
If so equipped, your vehicle has a computer system
that lets you know when to change the engine oil and
filter. This is based on engine revolutions and engine
temperature, and not on mileage. Based on driving
conditions, the mileage at which an oil change will be
indicated can vary considerably. For the oil life system
to work properly, you must reset the system every time
the oil is changed.
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
will come on. Change your oil as soon as possible
within the next two times you stop for fuel. It is possible
that, if you are driving under the best conditions, the oil
life system may not indicate that an oil change is
necessary for over a year. However, your engine oil and
filter must be changed at least once a year and at this
time the system must be reset. It is also important to
check your oil regularly and keep it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must change
your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last oil
change. Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed.
How to Reset the Oil Life System (If Equipped)
t
The GM Oil Life System calculates when to change
your engine oil and filter based on vehicle use. Anytime
your oil is changed, reset the system so it can calculate
when the next oil change is required. If a situation
occurs where you change your oil prior to a CHANGE
ENGINE OIL SOON message being turned on, reset
the system.
To reset the Oil Life System, do the following:
1. Display the OIL LIFE INDEX on the DIC.
2. Press and hold the RESET button on the DIC
for more than five seconds. The oil life will change
to 100%.
6-15
What to Do with Used Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Don’t let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean
your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good hand
cleaner. Wash or properly throw away clothing or rags
containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
The engine air cleaner/filter is located in the engine
compartment on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index
for more information on location.
To check or replace the engine air cleaner/filter do
the following:
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it in
the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by taking it
to a place that collects used oil. If you have a problem
properly disposing of your used oil, ask your dealer, a
service station or a local recycling center for help.
1. Lift the latches on the engine air cleaner/filter
housing cover.
6-16
3. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the air
intake hose. This will
allow you to lift the rear
portion of the engine air
cleaner/filter housing.
2. Remove the air intake hose that is snapped over the
throttle body by pulling the hose upward and away
from the throttle body which is located near the top
of the engine.
4. After detaching the hose from the throttle body,
pull back the entire rear portion of the engine
air cleaner/filter housing by pulling upward
and rearward.
6-17
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the air filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
CAUTION:
5. Check or replace the engine air cleaner/filter.
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops flame if
the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires, you could be burned. Don’t
drive with it off, and be careful working on
the engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
6. Reinstall the rear section of the engine air
cleaner/filter housing.
7. Reconnect the electrical connector.
8. Reattach the air intake hose by snapping it back onto
the throttle body.
9. Refasten the latches to the engine air cleaner/filter
housing cover.
6-18
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can
easily get into your engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when
you’re driving.
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
(If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this feature, the outside air entering
the vehicle is routed through a filter. The filter removes
certain particles from the air, including pollen and dust
particles. Reductions in airflow, which may occur more
often in dusty areas, indicate that the filter may need
to be replaced early.
The filter should be replaced as part of the routine
scheduled maintenance. See “Maintenance Schedule”
in the Index for more information.
The passenger compartment
air filter is located on the
passenger side at the base
of the windshield and
can be accessed through
a removable panel under
the hood of the vehicle.
To check or replace the air filter:
1. With the hood open, unlatch and remove the
access panel.
2. To remove the filter, press on the spring tab on
the side of the filter housing and pull the filter out
of the housing.
3. To install the new filter, press on the spring tab and
insert the filter into the housing. The filter should be
fully inserted into the upper and lower grooves and
locked into place by the spring tab.
4. Reinstall the air filter access panel at the base of
the windshield.
6-19
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
How to Check
When to Check and Change
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at the dealership service department.
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one
or more of these conditions:
NOTICE:
D In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
D In hilly or mountainous terrain.
D When doing frequent trailer towing.
D Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of
the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine
parts or exhaust system parts, starting a fire.
Too little fluid could cause the transaxle to
overheat. Be sure to get an accurate reading if
you check your transaxle fluid.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, change the fluid and filter at
100,000 miles (166 000 km).
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
D
D
D
D
6-20
When outside temperatures are above 90_F (32_C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180_F to 200_F
(82_C to 93_C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50_F
(10_C). If it’s colder than 50_F (10_C), you may
have to drive longer.
Checking the Fluid Level
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
The transaxle fluid dipstick
top is a round, red loop and
is located next to the brake
master cylinder behind the
engine block. See “Engine
Compartment Overview”
in the Index for more
information on location.
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
D Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
engine running.
D With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
D With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the
shift lever in PARK (P).
D Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
6-21
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. The fluid level must be in the
cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
NOTICE:
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRONR-III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRONR-III
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
6-22
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOLR engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOLR extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how
to add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant will:
D
D
D
D
D
Give freezing protection down to -34_F (-37_C).
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you
use only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by
the use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is
not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
Give boiling protection up to 265_F (129_C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
6-23
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOLR coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture, you
don’t need to add anything else.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid such as alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
6-24
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core
and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant, you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
Checking Coolant
The engine coolant recovery
tank is located in the engine
compartment on the
passenger’s side of the
vehicle. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in
the Index for more
information on location.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at FULL
COLD or a little higher. When your engine is warm, the
level should be up to FULL HOT or a little higher.
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture at the coolant recovery tank, but be
careful not to spill it.
CAUTION:
Turning the radiator pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam
and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you
badly. With the coolant recovery tank, you will
almost never have to add coolant at the radiator.
Never turn the radiator pressure cap -- even a
little -- when the engine and radiator are hot.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
Occasionally check the coolant level in the radiator.
For information on how to add coolant to the radiator,
see “Cooling System” in the Index.
6-25
Radiator Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
Your radiator cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap
line up with the overflow tube on the radiator
filler neck.
Power Steering Fluid
The power steering fluid
reservoir is located below
the generator and behind
the accessory drive belt
in the rear of the engine
compartment on the
passenger’s side of
the vehicle.
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index for
more information on location.
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system
or you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this
system could indicate a problem. Have the system
inspected and repaired.
6-26
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
What to Use
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark. If
necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the level up
to the mark.
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing. See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index for reservoir location.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
6-27
Adding Washer Fluid
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid until
the tank is full.
NOTICE:
D When using concentrated washer fluid,
D
D
D
6-28
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other parts of the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold.
This allows for expansion if freezing
occurs, which could damage the tank if
it is completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master
cylinder reservoir is on
the driver’s side of the
engine compartment.
It is filled with
DOT-3 brake fluid.
See “Engine
Compartment
Overview” in
the Index.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in the
reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake fluid
goes down to an acceptable level during normal brake
lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid level
goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking out
of the brake system. If it is, you should have your brake
system fixed, since a leak means that sooner or later your
brakes won’t work well, or won’t work at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill
on the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine
is hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. A chime will sound if you
try to drive with this warning light on. See “Brake
System Warning Light” in the Index.
6-29
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container
only. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index.
NOTICE:
D Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
6-30
D
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to
be replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake
fluid on your vehicle. If you do, wash it
off immediately. See “Appearance Care”
in the Index.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are worn and new pads are needed. The sound may
come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle is
moving (except when you are pushing on the brake
pedal firmly).
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a
brake squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
See “Brake System Inspection” in Section 7 of this
manual under Part C “Periodic Maintenance Inspections.”
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
NOTICE:
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
6-31
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together
if the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your
vehicle was designed and tested with top-quality GM
brake parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you need new ones put in -- be sure you get
new approved GM replacement parts. If you don’t, your
brakes may no longer work properly. For example, if
someone puts in brake linings that are wrong for your
vehicle, the balance between your front and rear brakes
can change -- for the worse. The braking performance
you’ve come to expect can change in many other ways
if someone puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.
Battery
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelcoR battery. When it’s time for a new battery,
get one that has the replacement number shown on
the original battery’s label. We recommend an
ACDelco battery.
6-32
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer and
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
The battery is located under the rear seat cushion.
To access the battery, see “Removing the Rear Seat
Cushion” in the Index. You don’t need to access the
battery to jump start your vehicle. See “Jump Starting”
in the Index.
CAUTION:
A battery that isn’t properly vented can let sulfuric
acid fumes into the area under the rear seat
cushion. These fumes can damage your rear seat
safety belt systems. You may not be able to see this
damage, and the safety belts might not provide the
protection needed in a crash. If a replacement
battery is ever needed, it must be vented in the
same manner as the original battery. Always make
sure that the vent hose is properly reattached
before reinstalling the seat cushion.
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
CAUTION:
To be sure the vent hose (A) is properly attached, the
vent hose connectors (B) must be securely reattached
to the vent outlets (C) on each side of the battery, and
the vent assembly grommet (D) must be secured to the
floor pan (E).
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
6-33
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
For the bulb types to be used in the following
procedures, see “Replacement Bulbs” in the Index.
Halogen Bulbs
CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
1. Remove the two bolts retaining the headlamp assembly.
2. Slide the headlamp outward until the pins are loose.
3. Remove the headlamp assembly to access the bulbs.
6-34
Headlamp Aiming
4. Turn the bulb retainer counterclockwise to remove it
from the bulb assembly. Pull the bulb straight out
from the retainer.
5. Push the new bulb straight into the retainer.
6. Reverse Steps 1 through 3 to reinstall the
headlamp assembly.
Your vehicle has a visual optical headlamp aiming
system equipped with horizontal aim indicators.
The aim has been preset at the factory and should
need no further adjustment. This is true even though
your horizontal aim indicators may not fall exactly on the
“0” (zero) marks on their scales.
6-35
If your vehicle is damaged in an accident, the headlamp
aim may be affected. Aim adjustment to the low beam
may be necessary if it is difficult to see lane markers
(for horizontal aim), or if oncoming drivers flash their
high beams at you (for vertical aim). If you believe your
headlamps need to be re-aimed, we recommend that
you take your vehicle to your dealer for service.
However, it is possible for you to re-aim your
headlamps as described in the following procedure.
The vehicle should be properly prepared as follows:
D The vehicle should be placed so the headlamps
are 25 ft. (7.6 m) from a light colored wall or other
flat surface.
D The vehicle must have all four tires on a perfectly
level surface which is level all the way to the wall or
other flat surface.
D The vehicle should be placed so it is perpendicular
to the wall or other flat surface.
NOTICE:
D The vehicle should not have any snow, ice or mud
To make sure your headlamps are aimed
properly, read all the instructions before
beginning. Failure to follow these instructions
could cause damage to headlamp parts.
D The vehicle should be fully assembled and all other
attached to it.
work stopped while headlamp aiming is being done.
D The vehicle should be normally loaded with a full
tank of fuel and one person or 160 lbs. (75 kg) on
the driver’s seat.
D Tires should be properly inflated.
Headlamp aiming is done with the vehicle low beam
lamps. The high beam lamps will be correctly aimed if
the low beam lamps are aimed properly.
The headlamp aiming devices are under the hood near
the headlamps.
6-36
Headlamp Horizontal Aiming
Turn the horizontal aiming screw (A) until the
indicator (B) is lined up with zero.
If you believe your headlamps need horizontal
(left/right) adjustment, follow the horizontal aiming
procedure. If you believe your headlamps need only
vertical (up/down) adjustment, follow only the vertical
aiming procedure.
Once the horizontal aim is adjusted, then adjust the
vertical aim.
Adjustment screws can be turned with an E8 TorxR
socket or T15 Torx screwdriver.
6-37
Headlamp Vertical Aiming
NOTICE:
3. At the wall or other flat surface, measure from the
ground upward the recorded distance from step 2 and
draw or tape a horizontal line the width of the vehicle.
Horizontal aiming must be performed before
making any adjustments to the vertical aim.
Adjusting the vertical aim first will result in
an incorrect headlamp aim.
1. Find the aim dot on the lens of the low beam lamps.
4. Turn on the low-beam headlamps and place a piece
of cardboard or equivalent in front of the headlamp
not being aimed. This should allow only the beam
of light from the headlamp being aimed to be seen
on the flat surface.
2. Measure the distance from the ground to the aim dot
on each lamp; if left low beam, subtract two inches.
Record this distance.
6-38
NOTICE:
Do not cover a headlamp to improve beam
cut-off when aiming. Covering a headlamp may
cause excessive heat build-up which may cause
damage to the headlamp.
5. Turn the vertical
aiming screw (C)
until the headlamp
beam is aimed to
the horizontal
tape line.
The top edge of the cut-off should be positioned at
the bottom edge of the horizontal tape line.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 for the opposite headlamp.
6-39
Front Turn Signal
Trunk-Mounted Back-Up and Taillamps
Once the headlamp assembly has been removed from
the vehicle, the front turn signal bulbs can be accessed.
1. Reach down into the space provided by the removal
of the headlamp assembly and, while pushing in the
tab on the bulb assembly, turn the assembly
counterclockwise and remove it.
2. Remove the old bulb by pulling it straight out of
the retainer.
3. Install the new bulb and turn the bulb assembly
back into place.
1. Loosen and remove the seven fasteners that hold
the assembly in place. The assembly for both sides
is one piece. The entire piece must be removed to
replace any bulbs.
6-40
2. Pull out the assembly.
3. Push in the tab and turn the bulb socket
counterclockwise to remove it.
4. Remove the bulb by pulling it straight out.
5. Replace the bulb and reverse the steps to install
the assembly.
6-41
Rear Turn Signals, Stoplamps and
Taillamps
1. Open the trunk. Turn the screws located just inside
of the trunk counterclockwise and remove them.
6. Turn the bulb socket
one-quarter turn
counterclockwise,
while pressing
it firmly.
2. Remove the plastic trim piece from the trunk.
3. Pull the carpet away from the rear area to access the
turn signal bulb assembly.
4. Loosen and remove the bolts that hold the assembly
in place.
7. Pull the bulb socket straight out of the assembly.
8. Remove the old bulb by pulling it straight out.
9. Replace with a new bulb by pushing the bulb
straight into the socket until the bulb clicks
into place.
10. Turn the bulb socket one-quarter turn into the
assembly to lock it back into place.
11. Reverse Steps 1 through 5 to reinstall the
bulb assembly.
5. Pull out the bulb assembly.
6-42
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking. See “Wiper Blade
Check” in the Index for more information.
Replacement blades come in different types and are
removed in different ways.
To replace the wiper blade assembly, do the following:
1. Lift the windshield wiper arm away from
the windshield.
2. Push the tab on the wiper blade assembly and pull
the assembly down enough to release it from the “U”
hooked end of the wiper arm. Slide the assembly
away from the arm.
3. Remove the blade.
4. To reinstall the wiper blade assembly, slide it over
the wiper arm to engage the “U” hooked end on
the wiper blade assembly. Pull up on the assembly
to lock it into place.
For the proper windshield wiper blade replacement
length and type, see “Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts” in the Index.
6-43
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your Buick Warranty booklet for details.
CAUTION: (Continued)
D Underinflated tires pose the same danger
CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
D Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
6-44
D
D
as overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact -- such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label, which is on the
rear edge of the driver’s door, shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can
get the following:
D Too much flexing
D Too much heat
D Tire overloading
D Bad wear
D Bad handling
D Bad fuel economy
NOTICE: (Continued)
NOTICE: (Continued)
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
D Unusual wear
D Bad handling
D Rough ride
D Needless damage from road hazards
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
6-45
Check Tire Pressure System (If Equipped)
The check tire pressure system can alert you to a large
change in the pressure of one tire. The system won’t
alert you before you drive that a tire is low or flat.
You must begin driving before the system will
work properly.
The CHECK TIRE PRESSURE message will appear
on the Driver Information Center (DIC) if pressure
difference (low pressure) is detected in one tire.
The check tire pressure system may not alert you if:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
more than one tire is low,
the vehicle is moving faster than 65 mph (105 km/h),
the system is not yet calibrated,
the tire treadwear is uneven,
the compact spare tire is installed,
tire chains are being used, or
the vehicle is being driven on a rough or frozen road.
If the anti-lock brake system warning light comes on,
the check tire pressure system may not be working
properly. See your dealer for service. Also, see
“Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” in the Index.
6-46
The check tire pressure system detects differences
in tire rotation speeds that are caused by changes
in tire pressure. The system can alert you about a low
tire -- but it doesn’t replace normal tire maintenance.
See “Tires” in the Index.
When the CHECK TIRE PRESSURE message appears
on the Driver Information Center, you should stop as
soon as you can and check all your tires for damage.
If a tire is flat, see “If a Tire Goes Flat” in the Index.
Also check the tire pressure in all four tires as soon as
you can. See “Inflation-Tire Pressure” in the Index.
Any time you adjust a tire’s pressure or have one or
more tires repaired or replaced, you’ll need to reset
(calibrate) the check tire pressure system. You’ll also
need to reset the system whenever you rotate the tires,
buy new tires and install or remove the compact spare.
Don’t reset the check tire pressure system without first
correcting the cause of the problem and checking and
adjusting the pressure in all four tires. If you reset the
system when the tire pressures are incorrect, the check
tire pressure system will not work properly and may not
alert you when a tire is low or high.
To reset (calibrate) the system:
Tire Inspection and Rotation
1. Turn the ignition switch to RUN.
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or
wheels. See “When It’s Time for New Tires”
and “Wheel Replacement” later in this section for
more information.
2. Press the GAGE INFO button on the DIC until
TIRE PRESSURE appears on the display.
3. Press and hold the DIC RESET button for about
five seconds. After five seconds, the display will
show TIRE PRESSURE RESET. If TIRE
PRESSURE RESET does not appear in the display
after about five seconds retry the process. If it does
not work after two tries, see your dealer for service.
After you release the DIC RESET button, TIRE
PRESSURE NORMAL will appear in the display.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
The system completes the calibration process during
driving. Calibration time can take 45 to 90 minutes,
depending on your driving habits. After the system
has been calibrated, the system will alert the driver
that a tire is low, up to a maximum speed of
65 mph (105 km/h).
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
6-47
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your
tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Reset the Check Tire Pressure
System. See “Check Tire Pressure System” in the Index.
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly tightened.
See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the Index.
When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if you
need to, to get all the rust or dirt off. See
“Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
D You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
D You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
D The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
D The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
D The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
6-48
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service
on your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having
a TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same
size, load range, speed rating and construction type
(bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may
not handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the
same size and type tires on all wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
6-49
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire
sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum section
width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course
as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
6-50
Traction -- AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to
stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature -- A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life,
and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire
failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of
performance which all passenger car tires must meet
under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and
not overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are
not needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly
rusted or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose,
the wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be
replaced. If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).
See your dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
6-51
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling of your
vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision in which
you or others could be injured. Always use
the correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for replacement.
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or
tire chain clearance to the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for
more information.
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause a crash. If you have to replace a wheel,
use a new GM original equipment wheel.
6-52
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
Use tire chains only where legal and only when
you must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains
that are the proper size for your tires. Install
them on the front tires and tighten them as
tightly as possible with the ends securely
fastened. Drive slowly and follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear the
chains contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contact continues, slow down until it
stops. Driving too fast or spinning the wheels
with chains on will damage your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
6-53
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Using Cleaner on Fabric
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
Cleaning of Fabric/Carpet
3. Follow the directions on the container label.
Your dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric and
carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains very
well. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.
4. Apply cleaner with a clean sponge. Don’t saturate
the material and don’t rub it roughly.
Here are some cleaning tips:
D
D
D
D
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a
clean area often. A soft brush may be used if
stains are stubborn.
D If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean the
entire area immediately or it will set.
6-54
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove any excess cleaner.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, water-dampened
towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine and
blood can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with a water/baking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
Cleaning Leather
4. Let dry.
D For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to
dry completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
D Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.
You may have to do it more than once.
D Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and a vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for
this product.
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let the
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
dealer for this product.
D Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
D Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft
cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
6-55
Care of Safety Belts
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Keep belts clean and dry.
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner
or a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
6-56
NOTICE:
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because
they may cause scratches. Avoid placing decals
on the inside rear window, since they may have
to be scraped off later. If abrasive cleaners
are used on the inside of the rear window,
an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached
across the defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a full-strength
glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads
do not form when you rinse it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by wiping
vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply silicone
grease with a clean cloth at least every six months. During
very cold, damp weather more frequent application may be
required. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in
the Index.
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or
cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps or
chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on
the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a
soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid
surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
6-57
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses. Follow
instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
6-58
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing
on a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc.,
can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on
painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible.
If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Aluminum or
Chrome-Plated Wheels (If Equipped)
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth
with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel.
A wax may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners, cleaners
with acid or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because
you could damage the surface. Do not use chrome polish
on aluminum wheels.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels, but
avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and buff off
immediately after application.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
Cleaning Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the
paint finish and tires.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide
the corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
6-59
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are
not removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur
on the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame,
floor pan and exhaust system even though they have
corrosion protection.
6-60
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can
do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create
a chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon
and attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This
damage can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched
into the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Buick
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
6-61
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on your spare tire cover. It’s very
helpful if you ever need to order parts. On this label is:
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
6-62
D
D
D
D
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
a list of all production options and special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Electrical System
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Add-On Electrical Equipment
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit
breakers. This greatly reduces the chance of fires
caused by electrical problems.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle unless
you check with your dealer first. Some electrical
equipment can damage your vehicle and the
damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
You will find a fuse puller clipped in both of the fuse
blocks. Snap the wide end of the fuse puller at the side
indentations and pull the fuse out.
The MaxiFuses are located in two fuse blocks, one
located in the engine compartment on the passenger’s
side and the other under the rear seat on the driver’s
side. If a MaxiFuse should blow, have your vehicle
serviced by your dealer immediately.
Power Windows and Other
Power Accessories
Circuit breakers in the rear fuse block protect the power
windows and other power accessories. When the current
load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed or
goes away.
6-63
Engine Compartment Fuse Block
The engine compartment
fuse block is located near
the front on the passenger’s
side of the vehicle.
See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index
for more information
on location.
Minifuse
Usage
1
Not Used
Lift the cover to gain access. On some vehicles, there
may be an additional cover that you will need to lift to
gain access to the fuses.
2
Accessory
3
Windshield Wipers
Fuse 22 or 23 can be moved to the outer position to
provide continuous power to the auxiliary outlets or
cigarette lighter when the ignition is not on. See your
dealer for additional assistance, if needed.
4
Not Used
5
Left Low-Beam Headlamp
6
Right Low-Beam Headlamp
7
Instrument Panel
8
Powertrain Control Module Battery
9
Right High-Beam Headlamp
6-64
Minifuse
Usage
Micro Relays
Usage
10
Left High-Beam Headlamp
27
High-Beam Headlamp
11
Ignition 1
28
Low-Beam Headlamp
12
Not Used
29
Fog Lamps
13
Transaxle
30
Daytime Running Lamps
14
Cruise Control
31
Horn
15
Direct Ignition System
32
Air Conditioner Clutch
16
Injector Bank #2
33
HVAC Solenoid
17
Not Used
18
Not Used
19
Powertrain Control Module Ignition
20
Oxygen Sensor
21
Injector Bank #1
22
Auxiliary Power
23
Cigarette Lighter
24
Fog Lamps/Daytime Running Lamps
25
Horn
26
Air Conditioner Clutch
Mini Relays
Usage
34
Accessory
35
Air Pump
36
Starter 1
37
Cooling Fan 2
38
Ignition 1
39
Cooling Fan Series/Parallel
40
Cooling Fan 1
6-65
Maxibreaker
Usage
41
Starter
MaxiFuses
Usage
42
A.I.R.
43
Empty
44
ABS
45
Not Used
46
Cooling Fan 2
47
Cooling Fan 1
Spare Fuses
Usage
48
Spare
49
Spare
50
Spare
51
Spare
52
Spare
53
Fuse Puller
6-66
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion
NOTICE:
The battery and main fuse blocks are located
under the rear seat cushion. The battery’s ground
terminal and some relay wires are exposed.
To help avoid damage to the battery and wires,
be careful when removing or reinstalling the
seat cushion. Do not remove covers from covered
parts. Do not store anything under the seat,
as objects could touch exposed wires and cause
a short.
To remove the rear seat cushion, do the following:
1. Pull up on the front of the cushion to release the
front hooks.
2. Pull the cushion up and out toward the front of
the vehicle.
CAUTION:
A safety belt that isn’t properly routed through
the seat cushion or is twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. If the safety belt
hasn’t been routed through the seat cushion
at all, it won’t be there to work for the next
passenger. The person sitting in that position
could be badly injured. After reinstalling the seat
cushion, always check to be sure that the safety
belts are properly routed and are not twisted.
To reinstall the rear seat cushion, do the following:
1. Buckle the center passenger position safety belt, then
route the safety belts through the proper slots in the
seat cushion. Don’t let the safety belts get twisted.
2. Slide the rear of the cushion up and under the
seatback so the rear-locating guides hook into the
wire loops on the back frame.
3. With the seat cushion lowered, push rearward and
then press down on the seat cushion until the spring
locks on both ends engage.
4. Check to make sure the safety belts are properly routed
and that no portion of any safety belt is trapped under
the seat. Also make sure the seat cushion is secured.
6-67
Rear Underseat Fuse Block
The rear fuse block is
located beneath the rear
seat on the driver’s side.
The rear seat cushion must
be removed to access the
fuse block. See “Removing
the Rear Seat Cushion” in
the Index.
6-68
Minifuses
Usage
1
Fuel Pump
2
HVAC Blower
3
Memory
4
Assembly Line Diagnostic Link
5
Rear Fog Lamps
6
Compact Disc (CD)
7
Driver’s Door Module
8
Air Bag System (SIR)
9
Not Used
10
Right Parking Lamp
11
Vent Solenoid
12
Ignition 1
13
Left Parking Lamp
14
Dimmer
15
Not Used
16
Left Front Heated Seat
17
Not Used
Minifuses
Usage
Minifuses
Usage
18
Rear Door Module
35
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
19
Stoplamp
36
Turn Signal/Hazard
20
Park/Reverse
37
HVAC Battery
21
Audio
38
Dimmer
22
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
23
Not Used
24
Not Used
25
Passenger Door Module
26
Body
27
Interior Lamps
28
Not Used
29
Ignition Switch
30
Instrument Panel
31
Right Front Heated Seat
32
Not Used
33
HVAC
34
Ignition 3 Rear
Micro Relays
Usage
39
Fuel Pump
40
Parking Lamp
41
Ignition 1
42
Rear Fog Lamp
43
Not Used
44
Park
45
Reverse
46
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
47
Fuel Tank Door Lock
48
Not Used
6-69
Micro Relays
MaxiFuses
Usage
49
Ignition 3
60
Not Used
50
Fuel Tank Door Release
61
Rear Defog
51
Interior Lamps
62
Not Used
52
Trunk Release
63
Audio Amplifier
53
Front Courtesy Lamps
64
Electronic Level Control (ELC)
54
Not Used
65
Cigar
55
Electronic Level Control (ELC)
66
Not Used
Circuit
Breakers
Spare Fuses
Usage
56
Power Seats
57
Power Windows
Mini Relays
6-70
Usage
Usage
58
Cigar
59
Rear Defogger
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
Usage
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
Spare
Spare
Spare
Spare
Spare
Fuse Puller
Replacement Bulbs
Front Exterior Lamps
Bulb Number
Headlamps
Low Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9006
High Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9005
Front Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3157
Rear Exterior Lamps
Bulb Number
Trunk Mounted Back-Up Lamps . . . . . . . . . . 3057
Trunk Mounted Tail Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Tail/Stop/Turn Signal Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3357
For any bulb not listed here contact your dealer.
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in
English and metric conversions. Please refer to
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index for
more information.
Engine Specifications
VIN Engine Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V6
Displacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.8 L
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6-5-4-3-2
Wheel Nut Torque
100 1b-ft (140 N·m)
Capacities
Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . 7.4 quarts (7.0 L)
Engine Cooling System . . . . . . . 10.0 quarts (9.5 L)
Engine Oil with Filter . . . . . . . . . 4.5 quarts (4.3 L)
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.5 U.S. gallons (70.0 L)
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to
fill to the appropriate level, as recommended in this
manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
6-71
Air Conditioning
Refrigerant Capacity
If you do your own service work, you’ll need the proper
service manual. See “Doing Your Own Service Work” in
the Index for additional information. It is recommended
that service work on your air conditioning system be
performed by a qualified technician.
Air Conditioning
Refrigerant R-134a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 lbs. (1.0 kg)
Use Refrigerant Oil, R-134a Systems
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1096C*
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . GM Part No. 25654414
Engine Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PF-47*
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GF-627*
Transaxle Filter . . . . . . . . . . GM Part No. 24206433
PCV Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GM Part No. 17113515
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41-921*
Gap: 0.060 inch (1.52 mm)
Windshield Wiper Blades
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22.0 inches (56.0 cm)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shepherd’s Hook
*ACDelcoR part number.
6-72
Section 7 Maintenance Schedule
This section covers the maintenance required for your vehicle. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety,
dependability and emission control performance.
7-2
7-4
7-8
7-22
Introduction
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
7-31
7-35
7-37
7-39
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Part E: Maintenance Record
7-
7-1
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
Maintenance Requirements
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer
for details.
7-2
Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections and
recommended fluids and lubricants as prescribed in this
manual are necessary to keep your vehicle in good
working condition. Any damage caused by failure to
follow recommended maintenance may not be covered
by warranty.
How This Section is Organized
This maintenance schedule is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” explains
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center do these jobs.
CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can
be seriously injured. Do your own maintenance
work only if you have the required know-how
and the proper tools and equipment for the job.
If you have any doubt, have a qualified
technician do the work.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you what
should be checked and when. It also explains what you
can easily do to help keep your vehicle in good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections” explains
important inspections that your dealer’s service department
or another qualified service center should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” lists
some recommended products necessary to help keep
your vehicle properly maintained. These products, or
their equivalents, should be used whether you do the
work yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record” is a place for you to
record and keep track of the maintenance performed on
your vehicle. Keep your maintenance receipts. They may
be needed to qualify your vehicle for warranty repairs.
If you want to get the service information, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
7-3
Part A: Scheduled
Maintenance Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in
many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read the
following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good
condition, see your dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
7-4
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in Part D.
Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses these. All
parts should be replaced and all necessary repairs done
before you or anyone else drives the vehicle.
These schedules are for vehicles that:
D carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
D are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
D use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
Selecting the Right Schedule
First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedules
is right for your vehicle. Here’s how to decide which
schedule to follow:
Scheduled Maintenance
Short Trip/City Definition
Short Trip/City Intervals
Follow the Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance if
any one of these conditions is true for your vehicle:
Every 3,000 Miles (5 000 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or 3 months, whichever occurs first).
D Most trips are less than 5 miles (8 km). This is
Every 6,000 Miles (10 000 km): Tire Rotation.
particularly important when outside temperatures
are below freezing.
D Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
D You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top
of your vehicle.
D If the vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
One of the reasons you should follow this schedule if
you operate your vehicle under any of these conditions
is that these conditions cause engine oil to break
down sooner.
Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km): Engine Air Cleaner
Filter Inspection, if driving in dusty conditions.
Passenger Compartment Air Filter Replacement
(if equipped).
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Engine Air Cleaner
Filter Replacement.
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic Transaxle
Service (severe conditions only).
(Continued)
7-5
Scheduled Maintenance
Short Trip/City Intervals
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km): Engine Accessory
Drive Belt Inspection.
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km): Spark Plug Wire
Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement. Automatic
Transaxle Service (normal conditions).
Every 150,000 Miles (240 000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs first).
These intervals only summarize maintenance services.
Be sure to follow the complete scheduled maintenance
on the following pages.
7-6
Long Trip/Highway Definition
Follow this scheduled maintenance only if none of
the conditions from the Short Trip/City Scheduled
Maintenance are true. Do not use this schedule if the
vehicle is used for trailer towing, driven in a dusty area
or used off paved roads. Use the Short Trip/City
schedule for these conditions.
Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed engine under
highway conditions will cause engine oil to break
down slower.
Scheduled Maintenance
Long Trip/Highway Intervals
Every 7,500 Miles (12 500 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
Tire Rotation.
Long Trip/Highway Intervals
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km): Engine Accessory
Drive Belt Inspection.
Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km): Passenger
Compartment Air Filter Replacement (if equipped).
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km): Spark Plug Wire
Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement. Automatic
Transaxle Service (normal conditions).
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Engine Air Cleaner
Filter Replacement.
Every 150,000 Miles (240 000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs first).
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic Transaxle
Service (severe conditions only).
These intervals only summarize maintenance services.
Be sure to follow the complete scheduled maintenance
on the following pages.
7-7
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be repeated after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals for the life of
this vehicle. The services shown at 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) should be repeated at the same interval
after 150,000 miles (240 000 km) for the life of
this vehicle.
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
Footnotes
[ The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services
be performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
* If your vehicle has the GM Oil Life Systemt, a
computer system lets you know when to change the oil
and filter. This is based on engine revolutions and
engine temperature, and not on mileage. Based on
driving conditions, the mileage at which an oil change
will be indicated can vary considerably. For the oil life
system to work properly, you must reset the system every
time the oil is changed.
7-8
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
will come on. Change your oil as soon as possible
within the next two times you stop for fuel. It is possible
that, if you are driving under the best conditions, the oil
life system may not indicate that an oil change is
necessary for over a year. However, your engine oil and
filter must be changed at least once a year and at this
time the system must be reset. It is also important to
check your oil regularly and keep it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must change
your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last oil
change. Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed. See “Oil Life System” in the Index
for information on resetting the system.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in Part C of
this schedule.
@ Whenever the tires are rotated, the Check Tire
Pressure System (if equipped) must be reset.
7-9
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
3,000 Miles (5 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
6,000 Miles (10 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
9,000 Miles (15 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
12,000 Miles (20 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
7-10
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter.
18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
21,000 Miles (35 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
7-11
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
24,000 Miles (40 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
27,000 Miles (45 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter.
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
7-12
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
33,000 Miles (55 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
7-13
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter.
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches
90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter at 100,000 miles (166 000 km).
7-14
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
57,000 Miles (95 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
7-15
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter.
j Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
63,000 Miles (105 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
7-16
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
69,000 Miles (115 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions. Replace
filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter.
7-17
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
81,000 Miles (135 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
7-18
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter.
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
93,000 Miles (155 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
96,000 Miles (160 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
7-19
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
j Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches 90_F
(32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
j If you haven’t used your vehicle under severe service conditions listed
previously and, therefore, haven’t changed your automatic transaxle fluid,
change both the fluid and filter.
7-20
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
j Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure test
cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-21
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be repeated after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals for the life of
this vehicle. The services shown at 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) should be repeated at the same
interval after 150,000 miles (240 000 km) for
the life of this vehicle.
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
Footnotes
[ The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
* If your vehicle has the GM Oil Life Systemt, a
computer system lets you know when to change the
engine oil and filter. This is based on engine revolutions
and engine temperature, and not on mileage. Based on
driving conditions, the mileage at which an oil change
will be indicated can vary considerably. For the oil life
system to work properly, you must reset the system every
time the oil is changed.
7-22
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
will come on. Change your oil as soon as possible
within the next two times you stop for fuel. It is possible
that, if you are driving under the best conditions, the oil
life system may not indicate that an oil change is
necessary for over a year. However, your engine oil and
filter must be changed at least once a year and at this
time the system must be reset. It is also important to
check your oil regularly and keep it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must change
your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last oil
change. Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed. See “Oil Life System” in the Index
for information on resetting the system.
@ Whenever the tires are rotated, the Check Tire
Pressure System (if equipped) must be reset.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in Part C of
this schedule.
7-23
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
7-24
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
An Emission Control Service.
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
7-25
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches 90_F
(32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter at 100,000 miles (166 000 km).
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
7-26
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
j Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
An Emission Control Service.
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
7-27
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter.
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
7-28
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
j Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
j Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches 90_F
(32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
j If you haven’t used your vehicle under severe service conditions listed
previously and, therefore, haven’t changed your automatic transaxle fluid,
change both the fluid and filter.
7-29
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
j Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure test
the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
7-30
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Listed in this part are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the
Index for further details.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Part D.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
At Each Fuel Fill
Make sure tires are inflated to the correct pressures.
Don’t forget to check your spare tire. See “Tires”
in the Index for further details.
It is important for you or a service station attendant to
perform these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Cassette Deck Service
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil
if necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for
further details.
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the
Index for further details.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture if necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index for further details.
7-31
At Least Twice a Year
Restraint System Check
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are
working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged
safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have it
repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Wiper Blade Check
Inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking. Replace blade
inserts that appear worn or damaged or that streak or
miss areas of the windshield. Also see “Wiper Blades,
Cleaning” in the Index.
Weatherstrip Lubrication
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth. During very cold,
damp weather more frequent application may be
required. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index.
Automatic Transaxle Check
Check the transaxle fluid level; add if needed. See
“Automatic Transaxle Fluid” in the Index. A fluid loss
may indicate a problem. Check the system and repair
if needed.
At Least Once a Year
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Body Lubrication Service
Lubricate all body door hinges. Also lubricate all hinges
and latches, including those for the hood, glove box
door and console door. Part D tells you what to use.
More frequent lubrication may be required when
exposed to a corrosive environment.
7-32
Starter Switch Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See “Parking Brake” in the Index if necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to turn
off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
System Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle. It should be parked on
a level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately if
the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN
position, but don’t start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift lever out
of PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle needs service.
7-33
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
D The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
D The key should come out only in LOCK.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle PARK (P)
Mechanism Check
CAUTION:
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake,
set the parking brake.
D To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking
brake only.
D To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
Then release the parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Underbody Flushing Service
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in case
it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake at once should the vehicle begin to move.
7-34
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other
debris can collect.
Part C: Periodic
Maintenance Inspections
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive
Axle Boot and Seal Inspection
Listed in this part are inspections and services which
should be performed at least twice a year (for instance,
each spring and fall). You should let your dealer’s
service department or other qualified service center do
these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Clean and then inspect the drive
axle boot seals for damage, tears or leakage. Replace
seals if necessary.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a service manual. See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditions which
could cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could
let exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine
Exhaust” in the Index.
7-35
Fuel System Inspection
Throttle System Inspection
Inspect the complete fuel system for damage or leaks.
Inspect the throttle system for interference or binding,
and for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any components that have high effort
or excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and
cruise control cables.
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as needed. Clean the
outside of the radiator and air conditioning condenser.
To help ensure proper operation, a pressure test of the
cooling system and pressure cap is recommended at
least once a year.
7-36
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and
rotors for surface condition. Inspect other brake parts,
including calipers, parking brake, etc. You may need
to have your brakes inspected more often if your
driving habits or conditions result in frequent braking.
Part D: Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Engine Oil
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified for
Gasoline Engines starburst symbol
of the proper viscosity. To
determine the preferred viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
Hydraulic
Brake System
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and use only GM
GoodwrenchR DEX-COOLR or
HavolineR DEX-COOLR
Coolant. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index.
USAGE
Windshield
Washer Solvent
FLUID/LUBRICANT
GM OptikleenR Washer
Solvent (GM Part No. 1051515)
or equivalent.
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part
No. 12377985 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI # 2, Category LB
or GC-LB.
Power
Steering System
GM Power Steering Fluid (GM
Part No. 1052884 - 1 pint,
1050017 - 1 quart, or equivalent).
Automatic
Transaxle
Key
Lock Cylinders
DEXRONR-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Delco Supreme 11R Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 12377967 or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
7-37
USAGE
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary Latch,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
Hood and
Door Hinges
7-38
FLUID/LUBRICANT
LubriplateR Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. 12346293 or
equivalent) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI # 2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Fuel Door, Glove Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
Box Door,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
Console Door
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
and Rear
Compartment
Lid Hinges
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading and who performed the service in the
boxes provided after the maintenance interval. Any additional information from “Owner Checks and Services” or
“Periodic Maintenance” can be added on the following record pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Your owner information portfolio is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-39
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-40
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-41
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-42
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how to contact Buick if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain service
publications and how to report any safety defects.
8-2
8-4
8-4
8-5
8-6
8-7
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
Customer Assistance Offices
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Roadside Assistance
Canadian Roadside Assistance
8-8
8-10
8-10
8-11
8-11
Courtesy Transportation
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors
8-
8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and to Buick. Normally, any concerns with the
sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle will be
resolved by your dealer’s sales or service departments.
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions of
all concerned, misunderstandings can occur. If your
concern has not been resolved to your satisfaction,
the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or the
general manager.
8-2
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
be resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Buick Customer Assistance Center by calling
1-800-521-7300. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
D Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate
at the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
D Dealership name and location
D Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting Buick, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if
you have a concern.
STEP THREE -- Both General Motors and your
dealer are committed to making sure you are
completely satisfied with your new vehicle. However,
if you continue to remain unsatisfied after following
the procedure outlined in Steps One and Two, you
should file with the GM/BBB Auto Line Program to
enforce any additional rights you may have. Canadian
owners refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for information on the Canadian
Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it
and proceed with any other venue for relief available
to you.
8-3
You may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone
number or write them at the following address:
BBB Auto Line
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle
age, mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves
the right to change eligibility limitations and/or
discontinue its participation in this program.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Buick has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Buick by dialing: 1-800-83-BUICK.
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
8-4
Customer Assistance Offices
Buick encourages customers to call the toll-free number
for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to write to
Buick, the letter should be addressed to Buick’s
Customer Assistance Center.
United States
Buick Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33136
Detroit, MI 48232-5136
1-800-521-7300
1-800-832-8425 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-252-1112
From:
Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
All Overseas Locations
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Islands/Countries (Except Puerto Rico and
U.S. Virgin Islands)
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52 - 53 29 0 800
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward aftermarket driver
or passenger adaptive
equipment you may require
for your vehicle (hand
controls, wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The program is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. See your dealer for more details or call
the GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program.
Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details.
When calling from outside Canada, please dial
1-905-644-3063. All TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
8-5
Roadside Assistance
Buick Motor Division is proud to offer Buick Premium
Roadside Assistance to customers for vehicles covered
under the 3 year/36,000 mile (60 000 km) new car
warranty (whichever occurs first).
8-6
Our commitment to Buick owners has always included
superior service through our network of Buick dealers.
Buick Premium Roadside Assistance provides an extra
measure of convenience and security.
Buick’s Roadside Assistance toll-free number is staffed
by a team of technically trained advisors, who are
available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
We take anxiety out of uncertain situations by providing
minor repair information over the phone or making
arrangements to tow your vehicle to the nearest
Buick dealer.
We will provide the following services for
3 years/36,000 miles (60 000 km), at no expense to you:
D Fuel delivery
D Lock-out service (identification required)
D Tow to nearest dealership for warranty service
D Change a flat tire
D Jump starts
We have quick, easy access to telephone numbers of the
following additional services depending on your needs:
D Hotels
D Glass replacement
D Tire repair facilities
D Rental vehicle or taxis
D Airports or train stations
D Police, fire department or hospitals
In many instances, mechanical failures are covered under
Buick’s comprehensive warranty. However, when other
services are utilized, our advisors will explain any
payment obligations you might incur.
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling, please
provide the following information to give the advisor:
D Location of vehicle
D Telephone number of your location
D Vehicle model, year and color
D Mileage of vehicle
D Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
D Vehicle license plate number
Buick reserves the right to limit services or
reimbursement to an owner or driver when, in Buick’s
judgement, the claims become excessive in frequency
or type of occurrence.
While we hope you never have the occasion to use our
service, it is added security while traveling for you and
your family. Remember, we’re only a phone call away.
Buick Roadside Assistance -- 1-800-252-1112, text
telephone (TTY) users, call 1-888-889-2438.
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information book or
call 1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
8-7
Courtesy Transportation
Buick has always exemplified quality and value in its
offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your ownership
experience, we and our participating dealers are proud
to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer support
program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to
retail purchase/lease customers in conjunction with
the Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the
New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs are
required. This will reduce your inconvenience during
warranty repairs.
Plan Ahead When Possible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising
your service consultant of your transportation needs,
your dealer can help minimize your inconvenience.
8-8
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem
is safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership,
let them know this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in the
work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Buick helps
minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle
service to get you to your destination with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule. This includes a
one way shuttle ride to a destination up to 10 miles
from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement up to $30 per day (five days maximum)
may be available for the use of public transportation
such as taxi or bus. In addition, should you
arrange transportation through a friend or relative,
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses up to
$10 per day (five day maximum) may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
When your vehicle is unavailable due to overnight
warranty repairs, your dealer may arrange to provide
you with a courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you for
a rental vehicle you obtained, at actual cost, up to a
maximum of $30.00 per day supported by receipts.
This requires that you sign and complete a rental
agreement and meet state, local and rental vehicle
provider requirements. Requirements vary and may
include minimum age requirements, insurance coverage,
credit card, etc.
You are responsible for fuel usage charges and may also
be responsible for taxes, levies, usage fees, excessive
mileage or rental usage beyond the completion of
the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as
a courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period,
but it is not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished with each new
vehicle provides detailed warranty coverage information.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at
participating dealers and all program options, such as
shuttle service, may not be available at every dealer.
Please contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
8-9
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during the
Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult your
dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at any
time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described herein
at its sole discretion.
Warranty Information
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
REPORTING SAFETY
DEFECTS TO THE UNITED
STATES GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which
could cause a crash or could cause injury or death,
you should immediately inform the National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
8-10
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
GENERAL MOTORS
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us.
Please call us at 1-800-521-7300, or write:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Buick Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33136
Detroit, MI 48232-5136
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
8-11
SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
Service Manuals
Owner’s Information
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle, suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include the
Maintenance Schedule for all models.
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer Case
Unit Repair Manual
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00
This manual provides information on unit repair
service procedures, adjustments and specifications
for GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to assist
in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Service Publications are available for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123 – Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM Eastern Time
Visit Helm, Inc. on the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
For Credit Card Orders Only (VISA-MasterCard-Discover)
Helm, Incorporated S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
8-12
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are quoted in U.S. funds.
Canadian residents are to make checks payable in U.S. funds.
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