Cadillac 2004 DeVille Specifications

Cadillac 2004 DeVille Specifications
2004 Cadillac DeVille Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ........................... 1-1
Front Seats ............................................... 1-2
Rear Seats
............................................... 1-7
Safety Belts
.............................................. 1-7
Child Restraints
....................................... 1-28
Air Bag Systems
...................................... 1-47
Restraint System Check
............................ 1-57
Features and Controls ..................................... 2-1
Keys
........................................................ 2-3
Doors and Locks
....................................... 2-9
Windows ................................................. 2-16
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................ 2-20
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle
........... 2-25
Mirrors .................................................... 2-41
OnStar® System
...................................... 2-46
HomeLink® Transmitter
............................. 2-48
Storage Areas
......................................... 2-52
Sunroof
.................................................. 2-55
Vehicle Personalization
............................. 2-56
Instrument Panel ............................................. 3-1
Instrument Panel Overview .......................... 3-4
Climate Controls
...................................... 3-31
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
......... 3-41
Driver Information Center (DIC)
.................. 3-59
M
Trip Computer
......................................... 3-80
Audio System(s) ....................................... 3-81
Driving Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle
..... 4-2
Towing
................................................... 4-31
Service and Appearance Care .......................... 5-1
Service ..................................................... 5-3
Fuel ......................................................... 5-4
Checking Things Under the Hood
............... 5-10
Headlamp Aiming ..................................... 5-50
Bulb Replacement
.................................... 5-54
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
......... 5-59
Tires
...................................................... 5-60
Appearance Care
..................................... 5-90
Vehicle Identification
................................. 5-98
Electrical System ...................................... 5-99
Capacities and Specifications
................... 5-107
.....................................
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 6-2
Customer Assistance and Information .............. 7-1
Customer Assistance and Information
........... 7-2
Reporting Safety Defects ........................... 7-10
Index ................................................................ 1
Canadian Owners
You can obtain a French copy of this manual from your
dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem, CADILLAC,
the CADILLAC Crest & Wreath and the name DEVILLE
are registered trademarks of General Motors
Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
after that time without further notice. For vehicles first
sold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of
Canada Limited” for Cadillac Motor Car Division
whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the
new owner can use it.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 25755788 A First Edition
ii
How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If
you do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you will find
that pictures and words work together to explain things.
Index
A good place to look for what you need is the Index in
back of the manual. It is an alphabetical list of what
is in the manual, and the page number where you will
find it.
© Copyright General Motors Corporation 06/18/03
All Rights Reserved
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you about
things that could hurt you if you were to ignore the
warning.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t let
this happen.”
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you
or others could be hurt.
iii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
Your vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols, used on your vehicle,
are shown along with the text describing the operation
or information relating to a specific component, control,
message, gage or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
A notice will tell you about something that can damage
your vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be
covered by your warranty, and it could be costly. But the
notice will tell you what to do to help avoid the
damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION
and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in different
words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
iv
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage or indicator, reference the following
topics:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
Features and Controls in Section 2
Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
Climate Controls in Section 3
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators in Section 3
Audio System(s) in Section 3
Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
These are some examples of symbols you may find on your vehicle:
v
✍ NOTES
vi
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ......................................................1-2
Power Seats ..................................................1-2
Power Lumbar ...............................................1-2
Massaging Lumbar .........................................1-3
Heated Seats .................................................1-3
Heated and Cooled Seats ................................1-4
Reclining Seatbacks ........................................1-5
Rear Seats .......................................................1-7
Power Lumbar ...............................................1-7
Safety Belts .....................................................1-7
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone .................1-7
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......1-12
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly .................1-12
Driver Position ..............................................1-13
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..................1-19
Right Front Passenger Position .......................1-20
Center Front Passenger Position .....................1-20
Rear Seat Passengers ..................................1-21
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults .......................................1-25
Safety Belt Pretensioners ...............................1-27
Safety Belt Extender .....................................1-27
Child Restraints .............................................1-28
Older Children ..............................................1-28
Infants and Young Children ............................1-30
Child Restraint Systems .................................1-34
Where to Put the Restraint .............................1-37
Top Strap ....................................................1-38
Top Strap Anchor Location .............................1-39
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) ...........................1-40
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
LATCH System (Rear) ...............................1-42
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Seat
Position ...................................................1-42
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front
Seat Position ............................................1-45
Air Bag Systems ............................................1-47
Where Are the Air Bags? ...............................1-50
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ....................1-53
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? .....................1-54
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? .....................1-54
What Will You See After an Air Bag Inflates? ...1-55
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle .........1-57
Restraint System Check ..................................1-57
Checking Your Restraint Systems ...................1-57
Replacing Restraint System Parts After a
Crash ......................................................1-58
1-1
Front Seats
Power Lumbar
Power Seats
The power seat controls
are located on the
outboard sides of the front
seat cushions.
If your vehicle has this
feature, the control is
located on the outboard
sides of the front seats.
Use the power seat controls first to get the proper
position, then continue with the lumbar adjustment.
• Move the front of the seat control up or down to
adjust the front portion of the cushion.
• Move the rear of the seat control up or down to
adjust the rear portion of the cushion.
• Lift up or push down on the center of the seat
control to move the entire seat up or down.
• Slide the seat control forward or rearward to move
the seat forward or rearward.
1-2
Press the lumbar control forward to increase support
and rearward to decrease support. Press the control up
or down to raise or lower the support mechanism.
Keep in mind that as your seating position changes, as
it may during long trips, so should the position of
your lumbar support. Adjust the seat as needed.
Massaging Lumbar
If your vehicle has this
feature, the control is
located on the outboard
sides of the front
seats. With the ignition on,
briefly press the top of
the control where it
is marked AUTO to
activate the massaging
lumbar feature.
The massage cycle will run continuously for up to
10 minutes and can be interrupted by briefly pressing the
bottom of the control. The lumbar support can be
adjusted during the massage cycle by moving the control
forward to increase support and rearward to decrease
support. The massage cycle will continue to run even if
the ignition is turned to OFF unless interrupted.
If your vehicle has this feature, it will not have the
adaptive seat feature.
Heated Seats
Your vehicle may have heated rear seats.
The buttons are located on the rear seat armrests.
Press the buttons to turn the feature on. Press them
again to turn off the heated seats. The feature will also
shut off when the ignition is turned to OFF.
1-3
The HEAT/OFF button controls the temperature settings
HI, MED and LO. The other button is to choose BACK
ONLY heating. The LO setting warms the seatback and
cushion until the seat approximates body temperature.
The MED and HI settings heat the seatback and
seat cushion to a slightly higher temperature, and the
BACK ONLY heats only the seatback.
Heated and Cooled Seats
Your vehicle may have heated and cooled front seats.
The buttons are located on
the front seat armrests.
The temperature can be adjusted by pushing the button
from HI to LO or, until the desired setting is reached.
You will be able to feel heat in about two minutes.
To heat just the seatback, push the BACK ONLY button
once, after first activating the heated seat feature. To
resume heat to both the seat cushion and seatback,
press the button again.
I (Heated Seatback):
Press this button to turn on the
heated seatback.
J(Heated Seat and Seatback):
Press this button to
turn on the heated seat and seatback.
H(Cooled Seat):
Press this button to turn on the
cooled seat.
Press the button to turn on the feature that you want. A
light on the button will display to show which feature
is on.
1-4
There are three temperature ranges for each feature.
A light bar on the controls will display which setting the
feature is in; high, medium or low. The longest bar
shows the high range and the shortest bar shows the
low range.
Reclining Seatbacks
The recliner controls are
located on the outboard
sides of the front seats.
When you press a button, the feature will turn on at the
highest setting. Each time you press the button, the
feature will go down on temperature setting.
To turn the feature off, keep pressing the button until
the display lights turn off.
Press the recliner control forward or rearward to adjust
the seatback forward or rearward.
1-5
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle
is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you
buckle up, your safety belts can’t do their job
when you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job. In a crash,
you could go into it, receiving neck or other
injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash
the belt could go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at your pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries.
But do not have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is
moving.
1-6
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety belt
properly.
Rear Seats
Safety Belts
Power Lumbar
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
Your vehicle may be equipped with four-way lumbar
support, without the massage feature, for the outboard
rear seating positions.
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety
belts properly. It also tells you some things you should
not do with safety belts.
The rear lumbar support
controls are located on the
rear door trim panels.
To activate the rear lumbar support feature, push
forward on the control to increase support or rearward
to decrease support. The lumbar control can also
be moved up and down to adjust the location of the
support.
{CAUTION:
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t
wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a
crash and you’re not wearing a safety belt,
your injuries can be much worse. You can hit
things inside the vehicle or be ejected from it.
You can be seriously injured or killed. In the
same crash, you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt,
and check that your passengers’ belts are
fastened properly too.
1-7
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law
says to wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
{CAUTION:
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
collision, people riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not
allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle
that is not equipped with seats and safety
belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a
seat and using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a
reminder to buckle up. See
Safety Belt Reminder
Light on page 3-46.
1-8
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up, a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles, the
facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter... a lot!
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
Put someone on it.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat on
wheels.
1-9
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
1-10
The person keeps going until stopped by something. In
a real vehicle, it could be the windshield...
or the instrument panel...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-11
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be – whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance
of being conscious during and after an accident,
so you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q: If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A:
1-12
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts – not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the
use of safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that
has air bags, you still have to buckle up to get
the most protection. That’s true not only in frontal
collisions, but especially in side and other
collisions.
Q: If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident – even one that isn’t your fault – you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be
riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-28
or Infants and Young Children on page 1-30. Follow
those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear it
properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see
how, see “Seats” in the Index.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The lap–shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the
belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
1-13
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Be sure to use the correct buckle when buckling
your lap-shoulder belt. If you find that the latch plate
will not go fully into the buckle, see if you are
using the buckle for the center passenger position.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is
secure. If the belt isn’t long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-27.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of
the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the safety belt very quickly out of the
retractor.
1-14
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-15
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt into the
buckle nearest you.
A:
1-16
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to
the ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure internal
organs like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-17
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of
the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work
properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.
A:
1-18
The belt is twisted across the body.
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage
both the belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-19
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a front bench seat, someone can sit
in the center position.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
belt properly, see Driver Position on page 1-13.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt — except for one thing. If
you ever pull the lap portion of the belt out all the way,
you will engage the child restraint locking feature. If this
happens, just let the belt go back all the way and start
again.
Center Front Passenger Position
When you sit in the center front seating position, you
have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To make
the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.
1-20
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle
up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the
rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those
who are wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike
others in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Passenger Positions
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown
until the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long
enough, see Safety Belt Extender on page 1-27.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt
quickly if you ever had to.
1-21
Lap-Shoulder Belt
All rear seating positions have lap-shoulder belts. Here’s
how to wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
The latch plates for the safety belts in each rear
seating position vary in size. If the center rear or the
left rear latch plate is inserted into the incorrect
buckle, the plate will not latch properly. Be sure you
are using the correct buckle and that the latch
plate clicks when inserted into the buckle.
1-22
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-27.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
1-23
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this
applies force to the pelvic bones. And you’d be less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could
cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across the chest.
These parts of the body are best able to take belt
restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-24
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfort for older children who have outgrown
booster seats and for small adults. When installed on
a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better positions
the belt away from the neck and head.
There is one guide for each outside passenger position
in the rear seat. To provide added safety belt comfort
for children who have outgrown child restraints and
booster seats and for smaller adults, the comfort guides
may be installed on the shoulder belts. Here’s how to
install a comfort guide and use the safety belt:
1. Remove the guide from its storage pocket on the
top of the seatback.
1-25
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the
belt into the slots of the guide.
1-26
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cord must be under the belt and the
guide on top.
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners. You’ll find
them on the buckle end of the safety belts for the driver
and right front passenger. They help the safety belts
reduce a person’s forward movement in a moderate to
severe crash in which the front of the vehicle hits
something.
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a
crash, you’ll need to get new ones, and probably other
new parts for your safety belt system. See Replacing
Restraint System Parts After a Crash on page 1-58.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in Rear Seat Passengers on page 1-21.
Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses the
shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out of the
guides. Slide the guide into its storage pocket on the
top of the seatback.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so
the extender will be long enough for you. The extender
will be just for you, and just for the seat in your
vehicle that you choose. Don’t let someone else use it,
and use it only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear
it, just attach it to the regular safety belt.
1-27
Child Restraints
Older Children
Q:
A:
What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt
should fit snugly below the hips, just touching the
top of the thighs. It should never be worn over
the abdomen, which could cause severe or even
fatal internal injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
1-28
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can’t properly spread the impact
forces. In a crash, the two children can be
crushed together and seriously injured. A belt
must be used by only one person at a time.
Q:
A:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt
is very close to the child’s face or neck?
If the child is sitting in a seat next to a window,
move the child toward the center of the vehicle. If
the child is sitting in the center rear seat
passenger position, move the child toward the
safety belt buckle. In either case, be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so
that in a crash the child’s upper body would have
the restraint that belts provide.
If the child is sitting in a rear seat outside position,
see Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults on page 1-25.
1-29
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the belt in
this way, in a crash the child might slide under
the belt. The belt’s force would then be applied
right on the child’s abdomen. That could cause
serious or fatal injuries.
The lap portion of the belt should be worn low and snug
on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs. This
applies belt force to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
1-30
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by appropriate
restraints. Young children should not use the vehicle’s
adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice.
Instead, they need to use a child restraint.
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much -- until a crash. During a crash a baby
will become so heavy it is not possible to hold
it. For example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly
become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on a person’s
arms. A baby should be secured in an
appropriate restraint.
1-31
{CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer outstanding protection for adults
and older children, but not for young children
and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt
system nor its air bag system is designed for
them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide.
Q: What are the different types of add-on child
restraints?
A:
1-32
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by
the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular restraint should take
into consideration not only the child’s weight,
height and age but also whether or not the restraint
will be compatible with the motor vehicle in
which it will be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing a
child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition,
there are many kinds of restraints available for
children with special needs.
{CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This is
necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is
weak and its head weighs so much compared
with the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant in a
rear-facing seat settles into the restraint, so the
crash forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and
shoulders. Infants always should be secured in
appropriate infant restraints.
{CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s
hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s
regular safety belt may not remain low on the
hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle
up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the
belt would apply force on a body area that’s
unprotected by any bony structure. This alone
could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young
children always should be secured in
appropriate child restraints.
1-33
Child Restraint Systems
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed
to restrain or position a child on a continuous flat
surface. Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward
the center of the vehicle.
1-34
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with the
seating surface against the back of the infant. The
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some
booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and some
high-back booster seats have a five-point harness. A
booster seat can also help a child to see out the window.
1-35
Q: How do child restraints work?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which
is purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps and a
crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that
are attached to a flat pad which rests low against the
child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
1-36
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it
will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system or
the LATCH system in your vehicle, but the child also
has to be secured within the restraint to help reduce the
chance of personal injury. When securing an add-on
child restraint, refer to the instructions that come with the
restraint which may be on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both, and to this manual. The child restraint
instructions are important, so if they are not available,
obtain a replacement copy from the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. We,
therefore, recommend that child restraints be secured
in a rear seat, including an infant riding in a rear-facing
infant seat, a child riding in a forward-facing child
seat and an older child riding in a booster seat. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in the front passenger
seat. Here is why:
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint in a
rear seat.
If you secure a forward-facing child restraint in
the right front seat, always move the front
passenger seat as far back as it will go. It is
better to secure the child restraint in a rear seat.
{CAUTION:
A child in a child restraint in the center front
seat can be badly injured or killed by the right
front passenger’s air bag if it inflates. Never
secure a child restraint in the center front seat.
It is always better to secure a child restraint in
the rear seat.
If you secure a forward-facing child restraint in
the right front passenger seat, always move
the front passenger seat as far back as it will
go. It is better to secure the child restraint in a
rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure
any child restraint in your vehicle – even when no child
is in it.
1-37
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.” It
can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored to
the vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints
are designed for use with or without the top strap being
anchored. Others require the top strap always to be
anchored. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for
your child restraint. If yours requires that the top strap
be anchored, do not use the restraint unless it is
anchored properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can
be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit
is available.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints
also have a top strap. If your child restraint has a
top strap, it should be anchored.
Anchor the top strap to one of the following anchor
points. Be sure to use an anchor point located on the
same side of the vehicle as the seating position
where the child restraint will be placed.
If you have an adjustable head restraint, route the top
strap under it.
1-38
Top Strap Anchor Location
{CAUTION:
Each top tether bracket is designed to anchor
only one child restraint. Attaching more than
one child restraint to a single bracket could
cause the anchor to come loose or even break
during a crash. A child or others could be
injured if this happens. To help prevent injury
to people and damage to your vehicle, attach
only one child restraint per bracket.
Your vehicle has top strap anchors already installed for
the rear seating positions. You will find them behind
the rear seat on the filler panel.
Once you have the top strap anchored, you will be
ready to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top
strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
In order to get to a bracket, you will have to open the
trim cover. Do not use a child restraint with a top strap in
the right front passenger’s position because there is
no place to anchor the top strap.
1-39
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers
for Children (LATCH System)
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. You will find
anchors (A) in all three rear seating positions.
This system, designed to make installation of child
restraints easier, does not use the vehicle’s safety belts.
Instead, it uses vehicle anchors (A,B) and child
restraint attachments to secure the restraints. Some
restraints also use another vehicle anchor to secure a
top tether strap (C).
1-40
The labels are located
near the base of all
three rear seating
positions
{CAUTION:
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle, you
need a child restraint designed for that system.
To assist you in locating the lower anchors for this child
restraint system, each seating position with the
LATCH system has a label on the seatback at each
lower anchor position.
If a LATCH-type child restraint is not attached
to its anchorage points, the restraint will not
be able to protect the child correctly. In a
crash, the child could be seriously injured or
killed. Make sure that a LATCH-type child
restraint is properly installed using the
anchorage points, or use the vehicle’s safety
belts to secure the restraint, following the
instructions that came with that restraint, and
also the instructions in this manual.
1-41
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System (Rear)
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position
1. Find the LATCH anchorages for the seating
position you want to use, where the bottom of the
seatback meets the back of the seat cushion.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Attach and tighten the LATCH attachments on the
child restraint to the LATCH anchorages in the
vehicle. The child restraint instructions will show you
how.
4. If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchorage.
The child restraint instructions will show you
how. Also see Top Strap on page 1-38.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top
tether from the top tether anchorage and then
disconnect the LATCH attachments from the LATCH
anchorages.
1-42
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-40. See Top Strap
on page 1-38 if the child restraint has one.
{CAUTION:
A child in a child restraint in the center front
seat can be badly injured or killed by the right
front passenger’s air bag if it inflates. Never
secure a child restraint in the center front seat.
It is always better to secure a child restraint in
the rear seat.
If you secure a forward-facing child restraint in
the right front passenger seat, always move
the front passenger seat as far back as it will
go. It is better to secure the child restraint in a
rear seat.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system,
you will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure the
restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the
instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure
the child in the child restraint when and as the
instructions say.
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
1-43
3. Buckle the belt. Be sure the latch plate clicks when
you put it into the buckle. This means you are using
the correct buckle. Also make sure the release
button is positioned so you would be able to
unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the
lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder
belt back into the retractor. If you are using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it helpful
to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
1-44
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-40. See Top Strap
on page 1-38, if the child restraint has one.
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear facing child restraint in this seat. Here is why:
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint in a
rear seat.
A rear seat is a safer place to secure a forward-facing
child restraint.
If you need to secure a forward-facing child restraint in
the right front seat you will be using the lap-shoulder
belt to secure the child restraint in this position. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when
and as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger
air bag, always move the seat as far back as it will
go before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See Power Seats on page 1-2.
1-45
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
5. Pull the rest of the lap belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-46
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
Air Bag Systems
This part explains the frontal and side impact air bag
systems.
Your vehicle has air bags – a frontal air bag for the
driver and another frontal air bag for the right front
passenger. Your vehicle also has a side impact air bag
for the driver and another side impact air bag for the
right front passenger. Your vehicle may also have a side
impact air bag for each of the two rear seat outboard
passenger positions.
6. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the
lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder
belt back into the retractor. You may find it helpful
to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
If your vehicle has side impact air bags for each of the
two rear seat outboard passenger positions, it will
say AIR BAG on each side of the rear seatback closest
to the door.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
1-47
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash
if you aren’t wearing your safety belt, even if
you have air bags. Wearing your safety belt
during a crash helps reduce your chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or being
ejected from it. Air bags are designed to work
with safety belts but don’t replace them.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating frontal air bag.
But these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their
job and comply with federal regulations.
Frontal air bags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to deploy only in
moderate to severe frontal and near frontal
crashes. They aren’t designed to inflate at all in
rollover, rear or low-speed frontal crashes, or in
many side crashes. And, for some unrestrained
occupants, frontal air bags may provide less
protection in frontal crashes than more forceful
air bags have provided in the past.
CAUTION:
1-48
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
Side impact air bags are designed to inflate
only in moderate to severe crashes where
something hits the side of your vehicle. They
aren’t designed to inflate in frontal, in rollover
or in rear crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly, whether or not there’s an air bag
for that person.
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate
with great force, faster than the blink of an
eye. If you’re too close to an inflating air bag,
as you would be if you were leaning forward, it
could seriously injure you. Safety belts help
keep you in position for air bag inflation before
CAUTION:
(Continued)
(Continued)
and during a crash. Always wear your safety
belt even with frontal air bags. The driver
should sit as far back as possible while still
maintaining control of the vehicle. Occupants
should not lean on or sleep against the door.
{CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer the best protection for adults, but
not for young children and infants. Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air bag
system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always secure
children properly in your vehicle. To read how,
see the part of this manual called “Older
Children” or “Infants and Young Children.”
1-49
Where Are the Air Bags?
United States
Canada
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the words AIR BAG or an air
bag symbol.
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See Air Bag Readiness Light on page 3-47
for more information.
The driver’s frontal air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
1-50
The right front passenger’s frontal air bag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
The driver’s side impact air bag is in the side of the
driver’s seatback closest to the door.
1-51
The right front passenger’s side impact air bag is in the
side of the passenger’s seatback closest to the door.
1-52
The side impact air bags for the rear seat outboard
passenger positions are in the sides of the rear seatback
closest to the doors.
{CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an
air bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person causing
severe injury or even death. The path of an
inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t put
anything between an occupant and an air bag,
and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other air
bag covering. Don’t let seat covers block the
inflation path of a side impact air bag.
When Should an Air Bag Inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal
or near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.”
In addition, your vehicle has “dual stage” frontal air bags,
which adjust the amount of restraint according to crash
severity. For moderate frontal impacts, these air bags
inflate at a level less than full deployment. For more
severe frontal impacts, full deployment occurs. If the front
of your vehicle goes straight into a wall that doesn’t move
or deform, the threshold level for the reduced deployment
is about 10 to 16 mph (18 to 26 km/h), and the threshold
level for a full deployment is about 18 to 24 mph
(29 to 38.5 km/h). The threshold level can vary, however,
with specific vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat
above or below this range.
If your vehicle strikes something that will move or
deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will be
higher. The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
air bags are not designed to inflate in rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation
would not help the occupant.
The side impact air bags are designed to inflate in
moderate to severe side crashes. A side impact air bag
will inflate if the crash severity is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” The threshold level can vary
with specific vehicle design. Side impact air bags are
not designed to inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts,
rollovers or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant. A side impact air bag will only deploy
on the side of the vehicle that is struck.
1-53
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
For frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle
of the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down
in frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side impact
air bags, inflation is determined by the location
and severity of the impact.
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For both the
frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing system
triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which inflates
the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related hardware are
all part of the air bag modules inside the steering wheel,
instrument panel and the side of the front seatbacks and
behind the rear seatbacks closest to the door.
1-54
How Does an Air Bag Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper
body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But the
frontal air bags would not help you in many types
of collisions, including rollovers, rear impacts, and many
side impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motion
is not toward the air bag.
Side impact air bags would not help you in many types
of collisions, including frontal or near frontal collisions,
rollovers, and rear impacts, primarily because an
occupant’s motion is not toward those air bags. Air bags
should never be regarded as anything more than a
supplement to safety belts, and then only in moderate to
severe frontal or near-frontal collisions for the driver’s
and right front passenger’s frontal air bags, and
only in moderate to severe side collisions for the side
impact air bags.
What Will You See After an Air Bag
Inflates?
{CAUTION:
After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module – the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s bag, the
side of the seatback closest to the door for the side
impact air bags – will be hot for a short time. The parts
of the bag that come into contact with you may be
warm, but not too hot to touch. There will be some
smoke and dust coming from the vents in the deflated
air bags. Air bag inflation doesn’t prevent the driver from
seeing or being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it
stop people from leaving the vehicle.
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the
air. This dust could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in
the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe
to do so. If you have breathing problems but
can’t get out of the vehicle after an air bag
inflates, then get fresh air by opening a
window or a door. If you experience breathing
problems following an air bag deployment, you
should seek medical attention.
Your vehicle has a feature that will automatically unlock
the doors and turn the interior lamps on when the air
bags inflate (if battery power is available). You can lock
the doors again and turn the interior lamps off by
using the door lock and interior lamp controls.
1-55
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger air bag.
• Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for
your air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air
bag system won’t be there to help protect you
in another crash. A new system will include air bag
modules and possibly other parts. The service
manual for your vehicle covers the need to replace
other parts.
• Your vehicle is equipped with an electronic frontal
sensor, which helps the sensing system distinguish
between a moderate frontal impact and a more
severe frontal impact. Your vehicle is also equipped
with a crash sensing and diagnostic module, which
records information about the frontal air bag system.
The module system records information about the
readiness of the system, when the system
commands air bag inflation and driver’s safety belt
usage at deployment or near-deployment crash. The
module also records speed, engine rpm, brake and
throttle data.
1-56
• Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
systems. Improper service can mean that an air bag
system won’t work properly. See your dealer for
service.
Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver’s
or the right front passenger’s air bag, or the air
bag covering on the driver’s, right front passenger’s
or rear seatback, the bag may not work properly.
You may have to replace the air bag module in the
steering wheel, both the air bag module and the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s air
bag, or both the air bag module and seatback
for the side impact air bag. Do not open or break
the air bag coverings.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped
Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag systems in several places
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the service
manual have information about servicing your vehicle
and the air bag systems. To purchase a service manual,
see Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 7-11.
{CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an
air bag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are close to
an air bag when it inflates. Avoid yellow
connectors. They are probably part of the air
bag systems. Be sure to follow proper service
procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified to do so.
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors
and anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from doing
its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
The air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
1-57
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems in
your vehicle. A damaged restraint system may
not properly protect the person using it,
resulting in serious injury or even death in a
crash. To help make sure your restraint
systems are working properly after a crash,
have them inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as possible.
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts or LATCH
system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new parts.
1-58
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH
system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt
or LATCH system wasn’t being used at the time of
the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier
in this section.
If the frontal air bags inflate, you’ll also need to replace
the driver’s and right front passenger’s safety belt
buckle assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the new buckle
assembly will be there to help protect you in a collision.
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys ...............................................................2-3
Remote Keyless Entry System .........................2-5
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation ...........2-6
Doors and Locks .............................................2-9
Door Locks ....................................................2-9
Central Door Unlocking System ......................2-10
Power Door Locks ........................................2-10
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ..............2-10
Rear Door Security Locks ..............................2-11
Lockout Protection ........................................2-12
Leaving Your Vehicle ....................................2-12
Trunk ..........................................................2-12
Windows ........................................................2-16
Power Windows ............................................2-17
Sun Visors ...................................................2-19
Theft-Deterrent Systems ..................................2-20
PASS-Key® III ..............................................2-23
PASS-Key® III Operation ...............................2-23
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ................2-25
New Vehicle Break-In ....................................2-25
Ignition Positions ..........................................2-26
Starting Your Engine .....................................2-27
Engine Coolant Heater ..................................2-28
Automatic Transaxle Operation .......................2-29
Parking Brake ..............................................2-35
Shifting Into Park (P) .....................................2-36
Shifting Out of Park (P) .................................2-39
Parking Over Things That Burn .......................2-39
Engine Exhaust ............................................2-40
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....2-40
Mirrors ...........................................................2-41
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror with
OnStar® ...................................................2-41
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror with
OnStar® and Compass ...............................2-42
Outside Power Mirrors ...................................2-44
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror ..................2-45
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror .....................2-45
Outside Convex Mirror ...................................2-45
Outside Heated Mirrors ..................................2-45
OnStar® System .............................................2-46
HomeLink® Transmitter ...................................2-48
Programming the HomeLink® Transmitter .........2-49
2-1
Section 2
Features and Controls
Storage Areas ................................................2-52
Glove Box ...................................................2-52
Instrument Panel Storage Area .......................2-52
Cellular Telephone ........................................2-52
Front Storage Area .......................................2-52
Full Floor Console Storage Area .....................2-53
Center Console Storage Area .........................2-53
Center Flex Storage Unit ...............................2-53
Map Pocket .................................................2-54
Assist Handles .............................................2-54
2-2
Garment Hooks ............................................2-54
Umbrella Holder ...........................................2-54
Floor Mats ...................................................2-54
Rear Storage Area ........................................2-55
Rear Storage Door Trim Armrest .....................2-55
Convenience Net ..........................................2-55
Sunroof .........................................................2-55
Vehicle Personalization ...................................2-56
Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel .......2-56
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or
other controls or even make the vehicle move.
If they turned the ignition to ACCESSORY or
ON and moved the shift lever out of PARK (P),
that would release the parking brake.
Don’t leave the keys in a vehicle with children.
2-3
Your vehicle has the PASS-Key® III vehicle theft system.
Both the master and VALET key have a transponder in
the key head that matches a decoder in the vehicle’s
steering column. If a replacement key or any additional
key is needed, you must purchase this key from your
dealer. The key will have PK3 stamped on it. Keep the
bar code tag that came with the original keys. Give this
tag to your dealer if you need a new key made.
Any new PASS-Key® III key must be programmed
before it will start your vehicle. See PASS-Key® III on
page 2-23 for more information on programming
your new key.
Master Key
Valet Key
There is a master key that works all of the lock cylinders
(driver’s door, trunk, ignition and glove box).
There is also a VALET key which only operates the
driver’s door and the ignition.
2-4
Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your vehicle,
you may have to damage the vehicle to get in.
Be sure you have spare keys.
In an emergency, contact Cadillac Roadside Assistance.
See Roadside Service on page 7-6.
If your vehicle is equipped with the OnStar® system with
an active subscription and you lock your keys inside
the vehicle, OnStar® may be able to send a command to
unlock your vehicle. See OnStar® System on page 2-46
for more information.
Remote Keyless Entry System
Your keyless entry system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
• Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during
rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the
left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and
try again.
• Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement” under
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on
page 2-6.
• If you are still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
2-5
Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation
The parking lamps will not flash, however, if the manual
parking lamps are left on. Remote confirmation is not
operational if a door is open.
With this system you can lock and unlock your doors or
unlock your trunk from about 3 feet (1 m) up to 30 feet
(9 m) away using the remote keyless entry transmitter
supplied with your vehicle.
You can program your vehicle so the parking lamps will
not flash and the horn will not sound. For more
information, see DIC Vehicle Personalization on
page 3-70.
Q (Lock):
Press this
symbol to lock the doors.
The parking lamps will flash
once and the horn will
sound. This arms the
theft-deterrent system.
W(Unlock):
Press this symbol to unlock the driver’s
door. The parking lamps on your vehicle will flash twice.
The parking lamps will not flash if they have been
turned on manually. Remote confirmation is not
operational if a door is open.
Press this button again within one to five seconds to
unlock the other doors. It will also disarm the
theft-deterrent system and turn on the interior lamps at
night.
You can program your vehicle so the parking lamps will
not flash. For more information, see DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-70.
2-6
L (Panic Alarm): Press the horn symbol when the
ignition is turned off to use the alarm. The horn will
sound and the exterior lamps will flash for up to
30 seconds. To stop the instant panic alarm, press the
symbol again or turn the ignition to ON.
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock your
vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of four
transmitters matched to it.
Vehicles are delivered with two transmitters. See your
dealer for information on how to obtain additional
transmitters.
V (Trunk): Press this button to open the trunk. The
valet lockout switch must be off for this feature to
work. See Valet Lockout Switch under Theft-Deterrent
Systems on page 2-20 for more information.
Battery Replacement
The remote keyless entry transmitter can be used to
recall the memory settings for up to two drivers.
For more information, see DIC Vehicle Personalization
on page 3-70 and Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering
Wheel on page 2-56.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter will not
work at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it is probably time to change the battery.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage the
transmitter.
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about four years.
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can
be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring
any remaining transmitters with you when you go to
your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
2-7
1. Use an object like a coin to pry open the transmitter.
2. Once the transmitter is separated, use an object
like a pencil to remove the old battery. Do not use
a metal object.
3. Insert the new battery as the instructions under the
cover indicate.
4. Snap the transmitter back together tightly to be sure
no moisture can enter.
5. Press any button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter to resynchronize the transmitter.
6. Check the operation of the transmitter.
2-8
Doors and Locks
Door Locks
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers — especially children — can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the
handle will not open it. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle
in a crash if the doors are not locked. So,
wear safety belts properly and lock the
doors whenever you drive.
• Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
• Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or
stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can
help prevent this from happening.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
Because your vehicle has the theft-deterrent system,
you must unlock the doors with the key or remote
keyless entry transmitter to avoid setting off the alarm.
From the outside, use either the key or the remote
keyless entry transmitter.
From the inside, use the
manual lock levers located
at the top of the door
panel near the window.
Push down the manual lock lever to lock the door. To
unlock the door, pull up on the lever.
2-9
Central Door Unlocking System
Your vehicle has a central door unlocking mode and a
theft-deterrent system. When unlocking the driver’s door,
you can unlock the other doors by holding the key in
the turned position for a few seconds or by quickly
turning the door key twice in the lock cylinder.
Power Door Locks
The power door lock
switches are located on
the door panels near
the windows.
The power door lock switches located on the rear doors
can also lock all the doors at once by pressing the
bottom part of them, but they cannot unlock the doors.
Programmable Automatic Door
Locks
Your vehicle is programmed so that, when the doors are
closed, the ignition is on and the shift lever is moved
out of PARK (P), all the doors will lock. The doors
will unlock every time you stop the vehicle and move
the shift lever into PARK (P).
If someone needs to get out while your vehicle is not in
PARK (P), have the person use the manual lever or
power door lock switch. When the door is closed again,
it will not lock automatically. Use the manual lever or
power door lock switch to lock the door.
With the vehicle in PARK (P) and the ignition in ON, the
door locks can be programmed through prompts
displayed on the Driver Information Center (DIC). These
prompts allow the driver to choose various lock and
unlock settings. For programming information, see DIC
Vehicle Personalization on page 3-70.
Press the bottom part of the power door lock switch
located on either front door to lock all of the doors
at once. Press the top of the switch to unlock all of the
doors at once.
2-10
Rear Door Security Locks
The rear doors on your vehicle cannot be opened from
the inside when this feature is in use.
Your vehicle is equipped with rear door security locks
that prevent passengers from opening the rear doors on
your vehicle from the inside.
When you want to open a rear door while the security
lock is on, do the following:
The rear door security
locks are located on the
edge of each rear
door. You must open the
doors to access them.
1. Unlock the door using the remote keyless entry
transmitter, the front door power lock switch or
by lifting the rear door manual lock.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
To cancel the rear door security lock, do the following:
1. Unlock the door and open it from the outside.
2. Turn the knob on the passenger’s side of the rear
door counterclockwise all the way back to the
original position.
3. Turn the knob on the driver’s side of the rear door
clockwise all the way back to the original position.
To use these locks, do the following:
The rear door locks will now work normally.
1. Turn the knob located on the passenger’s side rear
door clockwise to engage the lock.
2. Close the door.
3. Turn the knob located on the driver’s side rear door
counterclockwise to engage the lock.
2-11
Lockout Protection
Leaving your key in any ignition position with any door
open will disable the power door lock switches as
well as the lock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter. If you close the doors, you can lock them
using the remote keyless entry transmitter. It is
always recommended that you remove the ignition key
when locking your vehicle.
The anti-lockout feature can be overridden by holding
the power door lock switch for three seconds or longer.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving your vehicle, open the door, set the
locks from the inside, get out and close the door.
Trunk
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk lid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can not see or
smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness and
even death. If you must drive with the trunk lid
open or if electrical wiring or other cable
connections must pass through the seal
between the body and the trunk lid:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed and select the
control setting that will force outside air
into your vehicle. See Climate Control
System in the Index.
• If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See Engine Exhaust on page 2-40.
2-12
Trunk Lock Release
Trunk Lid Tie Down
The trunk lock release
button is located to the left
of the steering wheel on
the instrument panel.
Press the button to open the trunk. To use this feature,
your vehicle must be in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
and the valet lockout switch must be off.
You can also press the button with the trunk symbol on
the remote keyless entry transmitter to open the
trunk. To disable this feature, see “Valet Lockout Switch”
under Theft-Deterrent Systems on page 2-20.
{CAUTION:
Driving with the trunk lid open can allow
dangerous CO (carbon monoxide) gas to come
into your vehicle. You can not see or smell CO.
It can cause unconsciousness and even death.
If you ever need to drive with your trunk lid
open, then:
• Make sure all windows, the rear seat
pass-through and sunroof are closed.
• Turn the fan on your heating and cooling
system to its highest speed, with the
setting on AUTO and temperature between
65°F (18°C) and 85°F (29°C). This forces
fresh outside air into your vehicle.
• Open all air ducts on the instrument panel.
Do not use the trunk lid tie down if you are
towing a trailer because of the danger of CO.
2-13
Your vehicle may be equipped with a trunk-lid tie down.
This feature is used to secure the trunk lid if it will
not close completely, such as when carrying large
packages in the trunk. Use the following steps to secure
the trunk lid:
1. Attach the clip end of the tie down to the D ring on
the trunk lid (A).
2. Attach the hook end of the tie down to the striker
located at the center of the trunk sill (B).
3. Tighten the tie down by pulling the free end of the
cord until secure.
4. To remove the tie down, press the clip end release
and loosen the cord.
2-14
Emergency Trunk Release Handle
Rear Seat Pass Through
Notice: Using the emergency trunk release handle
as a tie-down or anchor point when securing
items in the trunk may damage it. Use the
emergency trunk release handle only to help you
open the trunk lid.
Your vehicle may be equipped with a small door in the
rear seat. The door allows you to access the trunk
from inside the vehicle.
There is a glow-in-the-dark emergency trunk release
handle located inside the trunk near the latch. This
handle will glow following exposure to light. Pull the
release handle upward to open the trunk from the inside.
The rear-seat armrest must be down for the
pass-through door to open. To release the pass-through
door, move the release up with your fingers. Then
close the door so it latches from inside the vehicle.
2-15
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets in a
vehicle with the windows closed is dangerous.
They can be overcome by the extreme heat and
suffer permanent injuries or even death from
heat stroke. Never leave a child, a helpless
adult, or a pet alone in a vehicle, especially with
the windows closed in warm or hot weather.
2-16
Power Windows
Express-Down Window
This feature is on all power windows. Press the down
arrow on the switch to the second position to activate the
express-down feature. If you want to stop the window as
it is lowering, press the down arrow on the switch again.
Express-Up Window
This feature is on both front power windows. Press the
up arrow on the switch to the second position to
activate the express-up feature. If you want to stop the
window as it is raising, press the up arrow on the
switch again.
The power window switches are located on the armrest
near each window. Press the up or down arrows on
the switches to raise or lower the windows.
Your vehicle has Retained Accessory Power (RAP) that
allows you to use the power windows once the
ignition has been turned off. For more information, see
“Retained Accessory Power” under Ignition Positions
on page 2-26.
2-17
Anti-Pinch Feature
If a hand, an arm or another object is above the middle
of the window and is in the path of the window when
the express-up feature is active, the window will stop at
the obstruction and express-open to a preset factory
position.
Window Lockout
The rear window lockout
button is located on the
driver’s door armrest next
to the window switches.
{CAUTION:
Pressing and holding the power window
control will turn off the anti-pinch feature. If
this happens, a power window won’t stop if
something gets in the way. You or others
could be injured, and your window could be
damaged. Be careful not to press and hold the
power window control.
Pressing this button will disable the rear window
controls. The light on the button will illuminate, indicating
the feature is in use. The rear windows still can be
raised or lowered using the driver’s window switches
when the lockout feature is active.
To restore power to the rear windows, press the button
again. The light on the button will go out.
2-18
Sun Visors
Rear Power Sunshade
Swing down the primary visor to block out glare. It can
also be detached from the center mount and moved
to the side while the auxiliary sunshade remains to block
the glare from the front. The visors also have
side-to-side slide capability.
If your vehicle is equipped with the rear power
sunshade, it helps to reduce the amount of heat and
light entering the rear window.
The driver’s sunshade is also equipped with a
storage flap.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror
Pull the visor down and lift the cover to view the mirror.
The light will come on when the cover is opened. It
will go out when you close the cover. If your vehicle has
the adjustable lighting feature, slide the switch up or
down to brighten or dim the light.
Lighted Rear Vanity Mirror
Your vehicle may have lighted visor vanity mirrors for
the rear seat passengers. Pull the vanity cover down to
see the mirror. The light will come on when the cover
is opened. It will go out when you close the cover. If your
vehicle has the adjustable lighting feature, slide the
switch up or down to brighten or dim the light.
The rear power sunshade is located in the rear shelf.
The rear power sunshade switch only works while
the ignition is on or while the retained accessory power
is active. See Ignition Positions on page 2-26.
2-19
To raise the power sunshade, press and release the
REAR SHADE switch located on the front overhead
console. To close the power sunshade, press and
release the REAR SHADE switch again.
Never store objects on the rear shelf because they may
get caught in the sunshade or be tossed about in
your vehicle.
Manual Rear Side Door Sunshade
Your vehicle may have manual rear side door
sunshades. To use the sunshades, lower the side
windows and hook the top edge of the retractable
sunshades over the edge of the windows and raise the
windows. To remove the shades, lower the windows
and the hooks will disengage automatically.
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal.
The SECURITY light is
located on the instrument
panel cluster.
If the ignition is off and any door is open, the SECURITY
light will flash, reminding you to arm the system.
2-20
To arm the system, do the following:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door using the power door lock switch with
the door open or the remote keyless entry
transmitter. The SECURITY light should come on
and stay on.
3. Close all the doors. The SECURITY light should go
off within approximately 30 seconds.
If a door or the trunk is opened without a key or a
remote keyless entry transmitter, the horn will sound
and the lamps will flash for about 30 seconds.
Remember, the theft-deterrent system will not arm if you
lock the doors with a key or use the manual door
lock. It activates only if you use a power door lock with
the door open or the remote keyless entry transmitter.
To avoid activating the alarm by accident do the
following:
• The vehicle should be locked with the door key or
the manual door lock after the doors are closed if
you do not want to arm the theft-deterrent system.
• Always unlock a door with a key or use the remote
keyless entry transmitter system. Pressing the
unlock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter disables the theft-deterrent system.
Unlocking a door any other way will activate
the alarm when a door or the trunk is opened.
If you activate the alarm by accident, unlock the driver’s
door with your key. You can also turn off the alarm by
using the unlock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter system, or by starting the car with a valid key.
Changes or modifications made to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use the theft system.
2-21
Testing the Alarm
1. From inside the vehicle, roll down the window, then
get out of the vehicle, keeping the door open.
2. From outside of the vehicle, with the door open,
lock the vehicle using the power door lock or the
remote keyless entry system and close the
door. Wait 30 seconds until the SECURITY lamp
goes off.
Valet Lockout Switch
The valet lockout switch
is located inside the
glove box.
3. Reach in and unlock the door using the manual
lock and open the door. The horn will sound and
the hazard lights will flash.
You can turn off the alarm by unlocking the driver’s door
with your key, using the unlock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter or by starting the car with
a valid key.
If the alarm does not sound when it should, check to
see if the horn works. The horn fuse may be blown. To
replace the fuse, see Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 5-100. If the fuse does not need to be replaced,
you may need to have your vehicle serviced.
To reduce the possibility of theft, always arm the
theft-deterrent system when leaving your vehicle.
2-22
Press the switch to ON to disable the use of the trunk,
fuel door, garage door opener and optional cellular
telephone. The remote keyless entry transmitter cannot
open the trunk if the valet lockout switch is in ON.
Press this switch to OFF to enable the use of the trunk,
fuel door, garage door opener and optional cellular
telephone.
Locking the glove box with your key will also help to
secure your vehicle.
PASS-Key® III
PASS-Key® III Operation
Your PASS-Key® III system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
Your vehicle is equipped with the PASS-Key® III
(Personalized Automotive Security System)
theft-deterrent system. PASS-Key® III is a passive
theft-deterrent system. This means you do not have to
do anything different to arm or disarm the system. It
works when you insert or remove your key from
the ignition.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. this device may not cause harmful interference, and
2. this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. this device may not cause interference, and
When the PASS-Key® III system senses that someone
is using the wrong key, it shuts down the vehicle’s
starter and fuel systems. The starter will not work and
fuel will stop being delivered to the engine. Anyone
using a trial-and-error method to start the vehicle will be
discouraged because of the high number of electrical
key codes.
2. this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
PASS-Key® III uses a radio frequency transponder in
the key that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
2-23
When trying to start the
vehicle, if the engine does
not start and the
SECURITY light comes on,
the key may have a
damaged transponder.
Turn the ignition off and try
again.
It is possible for the PASS-Key® III decoder to learn the
transponder value of a new or replacement key. Up to
10 additional keys may be programmed for the vehicle.
This procedure is for learning additional keys only.
Canadian Owners: If you lose or damage your keys,
only a GM dealer can service PASS-Key® III to
have new keys made. To program additional keys you
will require two current driver’s keys (black in color). You
must add a step to the following procedure. After
Step 2, repeat Steps 1 and 2 with the second current
driver’s key. Then continue with Step 3.
To program the new key do the following:
If the engine does not start, and the key appears to be
undamaged, try another ignition key. At this time,
you may also want to check the fuse. See Fuses and
Circuit Breakers on page 5-100. If the engine still
does not start with the other key, your vehicle needs
service. If your vehicle does start, the first key may be
faulty. See your dealer who can service the PASS-Key®
III to have a new key made.
2-24
1. Verify that the new key has PK3 stamped on it.
2. Insert the current driver’s key in the ignition
and start the engine. If the engine will not start see
your dealer for service.
3. After the engine has started, turn the key to OFF,
and remove the key.
4. Insert the key to be programmed and turn it to ON
within 10 seconds of removing the previous key.
5. The SECURITY light will turn off once the key has
been programmed. It may not be apparent that the
SECURITY light went on due to how quickly the
key is programmed.
Starting and Operating Your
Vehicle
6. Repeat the Steps 1 through 4 if additional keys are
to be programmed.
New Vehicle Break-In
If you are ever driving and the SECURITY light comes
on and stays on, you will be able to restart your
engine if you turn it off. Your PASS- Key® III system,
however, is not working properly and must be serviced
by your dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by the
PASS-Key® III system at this time.
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key® III key, contact
your dealer to have a new key made.
In an emergency, contact Cadillac Roadside Assistance.
See Roadside Service on page 7-6.
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long run
if you follow these guidelines:
• Do not drive at any one speed — fast or
slow — for the first 500 miles (805 km). Do not
make full-throttle starts.
• Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles
(322 km) or so. During this time your new brake
linings are not yet broken in. Hard stops with new
linings can mean premature wear and earlier
replacement. Follow this breaking-in guideline
every time you get new brake linings.
• Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See Towing a
Trailer on page 4-39 for more information.
2-25
Ignition Positions
With the key in the ignition switch, you can turn the key
to four different positions.
If you cannot start your vehicle and you are unable to
remove your key from the ignition, see “Shift Lock
Release” later in this section for more information.
Notice: If your key seems stuck in OFF and you
can’t turn it, be sure you are using the correct key; if
so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the steering
wheel left and right while you turn the key hard. Turn
the key only with your hand. Using a tool to force it
could break the key or the ignition switch. If none of
these works, then your vehicle needs service.
A (OFF): This is the only position in which you can
insert or remove the key. This position locks the ignition,
steering wheel and transaxle. It’s a theft-deterrent
feature.
B (ACCESSORY): This position allows you to use things
like the radio and the windshield wipers when the engine
is off. This position will allow you to turn off the engine,
but still turn the steering wheel. If your vehicle has a
column shifter, you will still be able to move the shift
lever. Use ACCESSORY if you must have your vehicle in
motion while the engine is off, for example, if your vehicle
is being pushed or towed.
C (ON): This position is for driving. If your vehicle has a
console shifter and you turn off the engine, the
transaxle will lock. If you need to shift the transaxle out
of PARK (P), the ignition key has to be in ON.
D (START): This position starts the engine.
2-26
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
The following accessories on your vehicle may be used
for up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is turned
from ON to OFF:
•
•
•
•
•
Cellular Telephone
Radio
Power Windows
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Sunroof
Power to these accessories stops after 10 minutes or if a
door is opened. If you want power for another 10 minutes,
close all the doors and turn the ignition key to ON and
then back to OFF. If the cellular phone is being used
while retained accessory power is active, the timer is
suspended to avoid interruption of the call. The timer
resets to 10 minutes at the end of the call.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine will not start in any other position – that is
a safety feature. To restart when you are already
moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Notice: Shifting into PARK (P) with the vehicle
moving could damage the transaxle. Shift into
PARK (P) only when your vehicle is stopped.
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as
your engine gets warm.
Notice: Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about 15
seconds between each try to help avoid draining
your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If it does not start within 10 seconds, hold your key
in START for about 10 seconds at a time until your
engine starts. Wait about 15 seconds between
each try.
3. If your engine still will not start, or starts but then
stops, it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way the
engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment,
check with your dealer. If you do not, your engine
might not perform properly.
2-27
Engine Coolant Heater
Your vehicle may be equipped with an engine coolant
heater.
In very cold weather, 0°F (−18°C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You will get easier starting
and better fuel economy during engine warm-up.
Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged in a
minimum of four hours prior to starting your vehicle. At
temperatures above 32°F (0°C), use of the coolant
heater is not required.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The electrical cord is located on the driver’s side
of the engine, behind the transaxle dipstick/fluid fill
location (C) and next to the engine.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
A. Engine Oil Dipstick Location
B. Engine Coolant Heater Cord
C. Transaxle Dipstick/Fluid Fill Location
2-28
Automatic Transaxle Operation
{CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the
wrong kind of extension cord could overheat
and cause a fire. You could be seriously
injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded
three-prong 110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will
not reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you do not, it could be
damaged.
The automatic transaxle may have a shift lever located
either on the steering column or on the console
between the seats.
There are several different
positions for the shift lever.
Console Shifter
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead
of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you will be parking
your vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice
for that particular area.
2-29
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Column Shifter (Digital and Analog Cluster similar)
PARK (P): This position locks the front wheels. It is the
best position to use when you start the engine
because your vehicle cannot move easily.
2-30
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured. To
be sure your vehicle will not move, even when
you are on fairly level ground, always set your
parking brake and move the shift lever to
PARK (P). See Shifting Into Park (P) on
page 2-36. If you are pulling a trailer, see
Towing a Trailer on page 4-39.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before starting
the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle
shift lock control system. You have to fully apply
your regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P)
while the ignition key is in ON. If you cannot shift out
of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever – push the
shift lever all the way into PARK (P) as you maintain
brake application. Then move the shift lever into
the gear you wish. See Shifting Out of Park (P) on
page 2-39.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
is moving forward could damage the transaxle.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
Also use this gear to rock your vehicle back and forth to
get out of snow, ice or sand without damaging your
transaxle. See If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or
Snow on page 4-30 for additional information.
{CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed is dangerous. Unless
your foot is firmly on the brake pedal, your
vehicle could move very rapidly. You could
lose control and hit people or objects. Do not
shift into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed.
Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
with the engine racing may damage the transaxle.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Be sure the engine is not racing when shifting
your vehicle.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, the engine does not
connect with the wheels. To restart when you are
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
2-31
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (X): This position is for
normal driving. If you need more power for passing, and
you are:
• Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push the
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
The transaxle will shift down to the next gear and have
more power.
Notice: Driving your vehicle if you notice that it is
moving slowly or not shifting gears as you
increase speed may damage the transaxle. Have
your vehicle serviced right away. You can drive in
SECOND (2) when you are driving less than 35 mph
(55 km/h) and AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D) for
higher speeds until then.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal driving,
however, it offers more power and lower fuel economy
than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (X).
Here are examples for using THIRD (3) instead of
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (X).
• When driving on hilly, winding roads.
• When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears.
• When going down a steep hill.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power. You
can use SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control
your speed as you go down steep mountain roads, but
then you would also want to use your brakes off
and on.
Notice: Do not shift into SECOND (2) unless you
are going slower than 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can
damage your engine.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
than SECOND (2). You can use it on very steep hills, or
in deep snow or mud. If the shift lever is put in FIRST
(1), the transaxle will not shift into first gear until
the vehicle is going slowly enough.
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the vehicle in
one place on a hill using only the accelerator
pedal may damage the transaxle. If you are stuck,
do not spin the tires. When stopping on a hill,
use the brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
2-32
Performance Shifting (DTS Only)
When your vehicle detects a change in driving
conditions, it will automatically initiate the appropriate
performance shift mode. When this occurs, the
gear display on the instrument panel cluster will change
to indicate that the transaxle has shifted to a different
gear. For example, the gear display on the cluster may
indicate 3 or 2 even though the gearshift is still in
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (X). Once the performance
shift mode ends, the gear display on the instrument
panel cluster will return to normal.
The following procedure allows the ignition to be turned
to OFF and for ignition key removal in case of a
dead battery or low voltage battery for vehicles equipped
with a column shift lever.
1. Verify that the shift lever is in PARK (P).
2. Locate the override
access slot underneath
the steering column
below the lock
cylinder.
Shift Lock Release
This vehicle is equipped with an electric shift lock
release system. The shift lock release is designed to do
the following:
• Prevent the ignition key from being removed unless
the shift lever is in PARK (P), and
• prevent movement of the console shift lever (DTS
only) out of PARK (P) unless the ignition is in a
position other than OFF. The shift lock release is
always functional except in the case of a dead
battery or low voltage (less than 9 V) battery.
3. Remove the override access slot cap.
4. Insert a tool into the access slot, press in and hold.
5. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
6. Remove the tool from the slot.
7. Remove the key from the ignition.
8. Reinstall the override access slot cap.
2-33
The following procedure applies only to vehicles
equipped with the console shift lever and is used to shift
the transaxle out of PARK (P) in case of a dead
battery or low voltage battery.
4. Press the shift lock
release toward the
front of the vehicle and
hold it there.
The console shift lock
release is located on the
front of the center console.
5. While applying the brakes, shift the transaxle from
PARK (P) as needed.
6. Reinstall the shift lock release hole cover and the
rubber mat.
To access the shift lock release, do the following:
1. Verify that the shift lever is in PARK (P).
2. Pull up the rubber mat located on the front of the
center console.
3. Remove the shift lock release hole cover by prying
it open with a small diameter tool.
2-34
Parking Brake
The parking brake pedal is
located to the left of the
regular brake pedal,
near the driver’s door.
If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light on
the instrument panel cluster should come on. If it
does not, you need to have your vehicle serviced.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right foot and push the parking
brake pedal down with your left foot. When you lift your
left foot, the parking brake pedal will follow it to the
released position.
If you try to drive with the parking brake on, after about
20 feet (6.1 m) a chime will sound continuously until
you release the parking brake. Also, the brake light will
stay on until the parking brake is released.
This vehicle has a PUSH TO RELEASE parking brake
pedal. To set the parking brake, hold the regular
brake pedal down with your right foot and push the
parking brake pedal down with your left foot.
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
overheat the brake system and cause premature
wear or damage to brake system parts. Verify that
the parking brake is fully released and the brake
warning light is off before driving.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill,
see Towing a Trailer on page 4-39.
2-35
Shifting Into Park (P)
{CAUTION:
Steering Column Shift Lever
If your vehicle is equipped with a steering column shift
lever, use the following procedure to shift the vehicle
into PARK (P):
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. If you have left the engine running, the
vehicle can move suddenly. You or others
could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will
not move, even when you are on fairly level
ground, use the steps that follow. If you are
pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 4-39.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
• Pull the lever toward you.
2-36
Console Shift Lever
If your vehicle is equipped with a console shift lever,
use the following procedure to shift the vehicle into
PARK (P):
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
• Move the lever up as far as it will go.
3. With your right foot still holding the brake pedal
down, set the parking brake.
4. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) by pushing the
lever all the way toward the front of your vehicle
and then to the left.
3. With your right foot still holding the brake pedal
down, set the parking brake.
2-37
4. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
Torque Lock
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
If you are parking on a hill and you do not shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of
the vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl
in the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the
shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and
then shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see Shifting Into Park (P)
on page 2-36.
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set.
And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine
running, it could overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could be injured. Do not leave
your vehicle with the engine running.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it.
2-38
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have
another vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of
the pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle,
so you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
Shifting Out of Park (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when
the ignition is ON. See Automatic Transaxle Operation
on page 2-29.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease the pressure
on the shift lever. Push the shift lever all the way
into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shift lever into the gear you want. If you
ever hold the pedal down but still can’t shift out of
PARK (P), try the following:
1. Turn the ignition key to ACCESSORY. Open and
close the driver’s door to turn off the RAP feature.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear
you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
{CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Do not
park over papers, leaves, dry grass or other
things that can burn.
2-39
Engine Exhaust
{CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can not see
or smell. It can cause unconsciousness and
death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
• Your vehicle was damaged when driving
over high points on the road or over road
debris.
• Repairs were not done correctly.
• Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into your
vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-40
Running Your Engine While You
Are Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if
you ever have to, here are some things to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
Engine Exhaust on page 2-40.
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the climate control fan is at the highest setting.
One place this can happen is a garage.
Exhaust — with CO — can come in easily.
NEVER park in a garage with the engine
running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard. See
Winter Driving on page 4-27.
Mirrors
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. Do not leave your vehicle when the engine
is running unless you have to. If you have left
the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured. To
be sure your vehicle will not move, even when
you are on fairly level ground, always set your
parking brake after you move the shift lever to
PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle will not
move. See Shifting Into Park (P) on page 2-36.
If you are parking on a hill and if you are pulling a
trailer, also see Towing a Trailer on page 4-39.
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar®
Your vehicle may have an automatic dimming rearview
mirror with OnStar® system controls. For more
information about OnStar®, see OnStar® System on
page 2-46.
When the automatic dimming feature is turned on, the
mirror automatically changes to reduce glare from
headlamps behind you. A photocell on the mirror senses
when it is becoming dark outside. Another photocell
built into the mirror face senses when headlamps
are behind you.
At night, when the glare is too bright, the mirror will
gradually darken to reduce glare. This change may take
a few seconds. The mirror will return to its clear,
daytime state when the glare is reduced.
Mirror Operation
O (On/Off): Press the on/off button, located on the
lower left side of the mirror face, to turn the automatic
dimming feature on or off. The indicator light will be
illuminated when the automatic dimming feature is on.
2-41
Cleaning the Mirror
Mirror Operation
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar
material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray
glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause
the liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.
O(On/Off): Press and hold the button, located on the
lower left side of the mirror face, for about three
seconds to turn the automatic dimming feature on or off.
The indicator light will illuminate when this feature is
active. The automatic dimming feature is active
each time the vehicle is started.
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar® and Compass
Your vehicle may have an automatic dimming rearview
mirror with a compass display. The mirror also
contains OnStar® controls. For more information see
OnStar® System on page 2-46.
The automatic dimming feature functions the same as
that of the automatic dimming rearview mirror without a
compass. See Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar® on page 2-41.
The mirror also includes an eight-point compass display
in the upper right corner of the mirror face. When on,
the compass automatically calibrates as the vehicle
is driven.
Compass Operation
Press the on/off button once to turn the compass on
or off.
When the ignition and the compass feature are on, the
compass will show two character boxes for about
two seconds. After two seconds, the mirror will display
the compass heading.
Compass Calibration
If after two seconds, the display does not show a
compass heading (for example, N for North), there may
be a strong magnetic field interfering with the compass.
Such interference may be caused by a magnetic antenna
mount, magnetic note pad holder or a similar magnetic
item. If the letter C should ever appear in the compass
window, the compass may need calibration.
The mirror can be calibrated by driving the vehicle in
circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the display reads a
direction.
2-42
The compass can be placed in calibration mode
manually by pressing and holding the on/off button until
a C is shown in the compass display.
Compass Variance
The zone is set to zone eight upon leaving the factory.
It will be necessary to adjust the compass to
compensate for compass variance if you live outside
zone eight. Under certain circumstances, as during
a long distance cross-country trip, it will be necessary to
adjust for compass variance. Compass variance is
the difference between earth’s magnetic north and true
geographic north. If not adjusted to account for
compass variance, your compass could give false
readings.
To adjust for compass variance do the following:
1. Find the current location and variance zone number
on the following zone map.
2. Press and hold the on/off button until a zone
number appears in the display.
3. Once the zone number appears in the display,
press the on/off button quickly until the correct
zone number appears in the display. Stop pressing
the button and the mirror will return to normal
operation. If C appears in the compass window, the
compass may need calibration. See Compass
Calibration listed previously.
2-43
Cleaning the Mirror
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar
material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray
glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause
the liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.
Outside Power Mirrors
The control on the driver’s
door armrest operates both
outside rearview mirrors.
To adjust a mirror, press the arrows on the control pad
to move the mirror in the direction you want the
mirror to go. Adjust each mirror so you can see the side
of your vehicle and the area behind your vehicle.
The mirrors can be manually folded inward to prevent
damage when going through an automatic car wash. To
fold, push the mirror toward the vehicle. To return the
mirror to its original position, push outward. Be sure
to return both mirrors to their original unfolded positions
before driving.
The mirrors also have an arrow on the mirror face that
flashes in the direction of the turn when the turn
signal is used. See Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on
page 3-9.
The mirrors can also be programmed for personalization
and the parallel parking feature if you have the
optional memory package. For more information, see
Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel on page 2-56
and DIC Vehicle Personalization on page 3-70.
Press (R) on the selector switch to choose the right
mirror or (L) to choose the left mirror. The center position
is off and will not allow the mirrors to move if the
control pad is touched.
2-44
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror
Outside Convex Mirror
If your vehicle is equipped with this feature, the
driver’s side mirror will adjust for the glare of headlamps
behind you. This feature is controlled by the on and
off settings on the automatic dimming rearview mirror.
See Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror with OnStar®
on page 2-41.
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex mirror’s
surface is curved so you can see more from the driver’s
seat. This mirror does not have a dimming feature.
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror
If your vehicle is equipped with memory mirrors, it will
also be capable of performing the curb view assist mirror
feature. This feature will allow the passenger’s side
mirror to tilt to a factory programmed position when the
vehicle is in REVERSE (R). This feature may be
useful in allowing you to view the curb when you are
parallel parking.
When the vehicle is shifted out of REVERSE (R) and a
five-second delay has occurred, the passenger’s
side mirror will return to its original position.
If further adjustment is needed after the mirror is tilted,
the mirror switch may be used.
This feature can be enabled/disabled through the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-70 for more information.
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
Outside Heated Mirrors
When you operate the rear window defogger, it also
warms both outside mirrors to help clear them of fog or
ice. See Dual Climate Control System on page 3-31
for more information.
2-45
OnStar® System
OnStar® Services
One of the following plans is normally included for a
specific duration with each vehicle equipped with
OnStar®. You can upgrade or extend your OnStar®
service plan to meet your needs.
OnStar® uses global positioning system (GPS) satellite
technology, wireless communications, and call centers
to provide you with a wide range of safety, security,
information and convenience services.
A complete OnStar® user’s guide and the terms and
conditions of the OnStar® Subscription Service
Agreement are included in your vehicle’s glove box
literature. For more information, visit www.onstar.com,
contact OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827),
or press the blue OnStar® button to speak to an
OnStar® advisor 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
A completed Subscription Service Agreement is required
prior to delivery of OnStar® services and prepaid
calling minutes are also required for OnStar® Personal
Calling and OnStar® Virtual Advisor use. Terms and
conditions of the Subscription Service Agreement can be
found at www.onstar.com.
2-46
Safe and Sound Plan
• Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment
• Emergency Services
• Roadside Assistance
• Stolen Vehicle Assistance
• AccidentAssist
• Remote Door Unlock
• Remote Diagnostics
• Online Concierge
Directions and Connections Plan
• All Safe and Sound Plan services
• Route Support
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience Services
Luxury and Leisure Plan
• All Directions and Connections Plan services
• Personal Concierge
OnStar® Personal Calling
With OnStar® Personal Calling, you have a safer way to
stay connected while driving. It’s a hands-free wireless
phone that’s integrated into your vehicle. You can place
calls nationwide using voice-activated dialing with no
contracts and no additional roaming charges. To find out
more about OnStar® Personal Calling, refer to the
OnStar® user’s guide in your vehicle’s glove box, or call
OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).
OnStar® Steering Wheel Controls
You can use the steering wheel controls with OnStar®.
The controls are located
on the left side of the
steering wheel.
OnStar® Virtual Advisor
With OnStar® Virtual Advisor you can listen to the news,
entertainment and informative topics, such as traffic
and weather reports. You are able to listen and reply to
your e-mail through your vehicle’s speakers.
Press the top part of the control to access OnStar®. You
will hear a ready prompt from the system, and then you
can begin your OnStar® session or begin making calls.
If your vehicle has the optional Navigation system or
cellular phone, the ready prompt will come from
that system first. You must say the word phone to
access OnStar®.
If your vehicle has both optional systems, the ready
prompt will come from the Navigation system first. When
you say the word phone after the ready prompt, you
will access the cellular phone.
2-47
If you prefer to use OnStar® to make calls, you must
repeat the word phone again after the cellular
phone ready prompt.
locks, security systems and home lighting. Additional
Homelink® information can be found on the internet at
www.homelink.com or by calling 1-800-355-3515.
To end a communication session, press the bottom part
of the control that says END.
If your vehicle is equipped with the HomeLink®
Transmitter, it complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
HomeLink® Transmitter
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of the
device.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization
to use this equipment.
HomeLink®, a combined universal transmitter and
receiver, provides a way to replace up to three
hand-held transmitters used to activate devices such as
gate operators, garage door openers, entry door
2-48
Programming the HomeLink®
Transmitter
It is recommended that a new battery be installed in
your hand-held transmitter for quicker and more
accurate transmission of the radio frequency.
Do not use the HomeLink® Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
feature. This includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982. If you have a newer
garage door opener with rolling codes, please be
sure to follow steps 6 through 8 to complete the
programming of your HomeLink® Transmitter.
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons,
releasing only when the indicator light begins to
flash, after 20 seconds. Do not hold down the
buttons for longer than 30 seconds and do not
repeat this step to program a second and/or third
transmitter to the remaining two HomeLink® buttons.
Read the instructions completely before attempting to
program the HomeLink® Transmitter. Because of
the steps involved, it may be helpful to have another
person available to assist you in programming the
transmitter.
2. Position the end of your hand-held transmitter about
1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the HomeLink®
buttons while keeping the indicator light in view.
Keep the original transmitter for use in other vehicles as
well as for future HomeLink® programming. It is also
recommended that upon the sale of the vehicle,
the programmed HomeLink® buttons should be erased
for security purposes. Refer to “Erasing HomeLink®
Buttons” or, for assistance, contact HomeLink® on the
internet at: www.homelink.com or by calling
1-800-355-3515.
3. Simultaneously press and hold both the desired
button on HomeLink® and the hand-held transmitter
button. Do not release the buttons until Step 4
has been completed.
Some entry gates and garage door openers may
require you to substitute Step 3 with the procedure
noted in “Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming” later in this section.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door or gate operator you are programming. When
programming a garage door, it is advised to park outside
of the garage.
4. The indicator light will flash slowly at first and then
rapidly after HomeLink® successfully receives the
frequency signal from the hand-held transmitter.
Release both buttons.
2-49
5. Press and hold the newly-trained HomeLink® button
and observe the indicator light.
If the indicator light stays on constantly,
programming is complete and your device should
activate when the HomeLink® button is pressed and
released.
To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons,
begin with Step 2 under “Programming HomeLink®.”
Do not repeat Step 1 as this will erase all of the
programmed channels.
If the indicator light blinks rapidly for two seconds
and then turns to a constant light, continue with
Steps 6 through 8 following to complete the
programming of a rolling-code equipped device
(most commonly, a garage door opener).
6. Locate in the garage, the garage door opener
receiver (motor-head unit). Locate the “Learn”
or “Smart” button. This can usually be found where
the hanging antenna wire is attached to the
motor-head unit.
2-50
7. Firmly press and release the “Learn” or “Smart”
button. The name and color of the button may
vary by manufacturer.
You will have 30 seconds to start Step 8.
8. Return to the vehicle. Firmly press and hold the
programmed HomeLink® button for two seconds,
then release. Repeat the press/hold/release
sequence a second time, and depending on the
brand of the garage door opener (or other rolling
code device), repeat this sequence a third time
to complete the programming.
HomeLink® should now activate your rolling-code
equipped device.
To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons,
begin with Step 2 of “Programming HomeLink®.” Do not
repeat Step 1.
Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming
Canadian radio-frequency laws require transmitter
signals to “time out” or quit after several seconds of
transmission. This may not be long enough for
HomeLink® to pick up the signal during programming.
Similarly, some U.S. gate operators are manufactured to
“time out” in the same manner.
If you live in Canada, or you are having difficulty
programming a gate operator by using the
“Programming HomeLink®” procedures (regardless of
where you live), replace Step 3 under “Programming
HomeLink®” with the following:
Continue to press and hold the HomeLink® button while
you press and release every two seconds (cycle)
your hand-held transmitter until the frequency signal has
been successfully accepted by HomeLink®. The
indicator light will flash slowly at first and then rapidly.
Proceed with Step 4 under “Programming HomeLink®”
to complete.
Using HomeLink®
Press and hold the appropriate HomeLink® button for at
least half of a second. The indicator light will come
on while the signal is being transmitted.
Erasing HomeLink® Buttons
To erase programming from the three buttons do the
following:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons until
the indicator light begins to flash, after 20 seconds.
2. Release both buttons. Do not hold for longer than
30 seconds.
HomeLink® is now in the train (learning) mode and can
be programmed at any time beginning with Step 2
under “Programming HomeLink®.”
Individual buttons can not be erased, but they can be
reprogrammed. See “Reprogramming a Single
HomeLink® Button” next.
Reprogramming a Single HomeLink®
Button
To program a device to HomeLink® using a HomeLink®
button previously trained, follow these steps:
1. Press and hold the desired HomeLink® button. Do
not release the button.
2. The indicator light will begin to flash after
20 seconds. While still holding the HomeLink®
button, proceed with Step 2 under “Programming
HomeLink®.”
2-51
Resetting Defaults
®
To reset HomeLink to default settings do the following:
1. Hold down the two outside buttons for about
20 seconds until the indicator light begins to flash.
2. Continue to hold both buttons until the HomeLink®
indicator light turns off.
3. Release both buttons.
For questions or comments, contact HomeLink® at
1-800-355-3515, or on the internet at
www.homelink.com.
Storage Areas
Glove Box
The glove box is located in front of the passenger’s seat
on the instrument panel. To lock the glove box door,
insert the master key into the lock cylinder and
turn it clockwise. Turn the key counterclockwise to
unlock the door.
2-52
Instrument Panel Storage Area
This storage compartment is located in the center of the
instrument panel below the radio. Pull the door out to
reveal the accessory power outlet and storage
compartment. To clean the storage compartment, lift out
while pulling on the sides.
Cellular Telephone
Your vehicle may have been prewired for dealer
installation of a portable cellular telephone system. The
system has steering wheel telephone controls and
information output through the Driver Information Center
(DIC). Voice activation with remote record and
hands-free operation are standard features. For more
information, contact your dealer. A user’s guide is
provided with the telephone.
Front Storage Area
If your vehicle is equipped with the front storage area, it
comes with a coinholder, a storage compartment for
CDs or tapes, an optional cellular telephone and a dual
cupholder.
Full Floor Console Storage Area
Center Flex Storage Unit
If your vehicle is equipped with the full floor console, it
has an upper and lower storage area. The upper
storage area is available for the optional cellular
telephone. The lower storage area has two removable
bins that can hold tapes and/or CDs.
To open the console, pull up on either lever to open the
upper or lower storage area.
There is also a removable coinholder that attaches to
the side of one of the bins. A dual cupholder is located in
front of the console. Open and close by pressing on
the cupholder.
Center Console Storage Area
If your vehicle is equipped with the center console, it
comes with a storage tray, a storage compartment
for CDs or tapes, a dual cupholder that unfolds,
a coinholder, an optional phone and an armrest. The
cupholder can be opened by pressing on the surface
panel located in front of the armrest and unfolding
it. Close the lid to secure it.
Your vehicle may be equipped with a center flex storage
unit that includes a front center seat with a lap belt
and an underseat storage compartment. The center
seatback can also be used as a fold down armrest with
extra space for CDs or tapes. An optional cellular
telephone may be located in the underseat storage
compartment. Cupholders are also located at the front
edge of the storage unit and can be accessed by folding
the compartment forward.
2-53
Assist Handles
A handle above each door can be used when getting
out of your vehicle.
Garment Hooks
Your vehicle is equipped with flip-out garment hooks.
They are located above the rear doors, behind the rear
assist handles. Return to the stowed position when
not in use.
Umbrella Holder
When not being used, the center seat lap belt can be
stored in the underseat storage compartment as shown.
Map Pocket
The map/storage pockets are located on each front door
and on the rear door trim as well as on the back of
both front seatbacks.
2-54
The driver’s and passenger’s front seat cushions are
equipped with an umbrella holder. Gently slide the
umbrella into the slot located under the front portion of
the driver’s or passenger’s seat cushion.
Floor Mats
Your vehicle is equipped with rubber-backed front and
rear floor mats. Keep them clean by vacuuming and using
a spot cleaner, if necessary. Do not machine wash.
Rear Storage Area
Sunroof
Your vehicle is equipped with a rear seat armrest which
includes an open storage compartment and a dual
cupholder. To open, release the latch at the front edge.
Rear Storage Door Trim Armrest
Your vehicle may be equipped with a rear storage door
trim armrest. The storage area is located in the rear
door trim under the switch plate lid and includes
an accessory power outlet.
Convenience Net
Your vehicle may be equipped with a convenience net.
The convenience net attaches to the floor of the
trunk. Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net.
The net is not for larger, heavier loads. Store them in the
trunk as far forward as you can. When not using the net,
hook the net to the tabs securing it to the sill plate.
Your vehicle may have a sunroof. The switches that
operate the sunroof are located on the overhead
console.
Press and hold the ROOF switch rearward to the first
position to open the glass panel and sunshade.
The sunshade also can be opened or closed manually.
To close the glass panel, press and hold the ROOF
switch forward. As the sunroof reaches the closed
position, it will open slightly toward the vent position and
then drop down to the closed position to provide a
better seal.
2-55
Press and release the ROOF switch rearward to the
second position to express-open the glass panel to the
comfort stop position, approximately half-way open.
The comfort stop position is designed to help reduce
noise and make the rear seat passengers more
comfortable.
Vehicle Personalization
The glass panel may then be fully opened by pressing
the ROOF switch again.
Your vehicle may be equipped with the memory
package.
If you press and hold and the ROOF switch in the
express-open position for more than one second, the
express-open operation will be over-ridden and the
sunroof will stop when the switch is released.
Four-Button Control
To stop the glass panel when express opening, press
the ROOF or VENT switch forward or rearward and
release.
To vent the glass panel, press and hold the VENT
switch in the open position. The sunshade must
be opened manually when using the vent position. To
close the glass panel, press and hold the VENT
switch in the close position.
The ROOF and VENT switches work only when the
ignition is on or when RAP is active. See “Retained
Accessory Power” under Ignition Positions on page 2-26.
2-56
Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering
Wheel
The controls for these
features are located on the
driver’s door panel, and
are used to program
and recall memory settings
for the driver’s seat,
outside mirror and steering
wheel positions.
To save your positions in memory, do the following:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat, including the seatback
recliner and lumbar, both outside mirrors and
the steering wheel to a comfortable position.
2. Press and hold the SET button. Release the SET
button when you hear a single beep.
3. Within five seconds, press and hold button 1. After
a brief delay, a single beep will sound through the
driver’s side front speaker to let you know that
the position has been stored.
A second seating, mirror and steering wheel position
can be programmed by repeating the above steps and
pressing button 2 (for driver 2).
To recall your memory positions while the vehicle is in
PARK (P), push and release either button 1 or button 2
corresponding to the desired driving position. The
seat, outside mirrors and steering wheel will move to
the position previously stored for the identified
driver. You will hear a single beep. If the vehicle is not
in PARK (P), the memory buttons must be pressed
and held to recall the stored positions.
If you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to enter
your vehicle and the remote recall memory feature
is on, automatic seat and mirror movement will occur.
The numbers on the back of the transmitters, 1 and 2,
correspond to the numbers on the buttons on the driver’s
door panel.
When the key is placed in the ignition in OFF and you
have entered the vehicle without using the remote
keyless entry transmitter and the remote recall memory
feature is on, the seat, mirrors and steering wheel
will automatically adjust to the programmed position of
the last driver.
2-57
To stop recall movement of the memory feature at any
time, press one of the power seat controls or memory
buttons.
To store the exit position for an easy exit, do the
following:
1. Recall the driver position by pressing button 1, or
by pressing the unlock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter 1.
2. Adjust the driver’s seat and steering wheel to the
desired exit positions.
3. Press and hold the SET button. Release the SET
button when you hear a single beep.
4. Within five seconds, press and hold the EXIT
button. After a brief delay, a single beep will
sound through the driver’s side front speaker to let
you know that the position has been stored.
An exit position for driver position 2 can be programmed
by repeating the above steps, pressing button 2
(for driver 2) and using remote keyless entry transmitter
number 2.
2-58
With the vehicle in PARK (P), the exit position for the
previously set driver can be recalled by pressing
the EXIT button. The mirrors and power lumbar positions
will not be stored or recalled.
Further programming for automatic seat and steering
wheel movement can be done using the Driver
Information Center (DIC). You can select or not select
the following:
• Automatic seat and steering wheel movement when
the vehicle is unlocked with the remote keyless
entry transmitter, or
• automatic seat and steering wheel movement when
a key is placed in the ignition.
For programming information, see DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-70.
Three-Button Control
The controls for these
features are located on the
driver’s door panel, and
are used to program
and recall memory settings
for the driver’s seat,
outside mirror and steering
wheel positions.
A second seating, mirror and steering wheel position
can be programmed by repeating the above steps and
pressing button 2 (for driver 2).
To recall your memory positions while the vehicle is in
PARK (P), push and release either button 1 or button 2
corresponding to the desired driving position. The
seat, outside mirrors and steering wheel will move to
the position previously stored for the identified
driver. You will hear a single beep. If the vehicle is not
in PARK (P), the memory buttons must be pressed
and held to recall the stored positions.
To save your positions in memory, do the following:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat, including the seatback
recliner and lumbar, both outside mirrors and
the steering wheel to a comfortable position.
2. Press and hold button 1. After a brief delay,
two beeps will sound through the driver’s side
front speaker to let you know that the position has
been stored.
2-59
If you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to enter
your vehicle and the remote recall memory feature
is on, automatic seat and mirror movement will occur.
The numbers on the back of the transmitters, 1 and 2,
correspond to the numbers on the buttons on the driver’s
door panel.
When the key is placed in the ignition in OFF and you
have entered the vehicle without using the remote
keyless entry transmitter and the remote recall memory
feature is on, the seat, mirrors and steering wheel
will automatically adjust to the programmed position of
the last driver.
To stop recall movement of the memory feature at any
time, press one of the power seat controls or memory
buttons.
2-60
To store the exit position for an easy exit, do the
following:
1. Recall the driver position by pressing button 1, or
by pressing the unlock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter 1.
2. Adjust the driver’s seat and steering wheel to the
desired exit positions.
3. Press and hold the EXIT button. After a brief delay,
two beeps will sound through the driver’s side front
speaker to let you know that the position has
been stored.
Further programming for automatic seat and steering
wheel movement can be done using the Driver
Information Center (DIC). You can select or not select
the following:
• Automatic seat and steering wheel movement when
the vehicle is unlocked with the remote keyless
entry transmitter, or
• automatic seat and steering wheel movement when
a key is placed in the ignition.
For programming information, see DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-70.
An exit position for driver position 2 can be programmed
by repeating the above steps, pressing button 2
(for driver 2) and using remote keyless entry transmitter
number 2.
With the vehicle in PARK (P), the exit position for the
previously set driver can be recalled by pressing
the EXIT button. You will hear a single beep. The mirrors
and power lumbar positions will not be stored or
recalled.
2-61
✍ NOTES
2-62
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ...............................3-4
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................3-6
Other Warning Devices ...................................3-7
Horn .............................................................3-7
Tilt Wheel .....................................................3-7
Heated Steering Wheel ...................................3-9
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .........................3-9
Exterior Lamps .............................................3-16
Interior Lamps ..............................................3-22
Night Vision System ......................................3-24
Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) ...........................................3-27
Accessory Power Outlets ...............................3-29
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter ........................3-30
Climate Controls ............................................3-31
Dual Climate Control System ..........................3-31
Outlet Adjustment .........................................3-35
Rear Climate Control System .........................3-36
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ...................3-38
Steering Wheel Climate Controls .....................3-40
Climate Controls Personalization .....................3-40
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators .............3-41
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators .............3-41
Instrument Panel Cluster ................................3-42
Speedometer and Odometer ...........................3-44
Trip Odometer ..............................................3-44
Tachometer (Analog Cluster Only) ...................3-46
Safety Belt Reminder Light .............................3-46
Air Bag Readiness Light ................................3-47
Charging System Light ..................................3-48
Brake System Warning and Parking Brake
Indicator Light ...........................................3-48
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light .............3-49
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning Light ...3-50
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning Light ......3-51
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ..................3-51
Malfunction Indicator Lamp .............................3-52
Oil Pressure Light .........................................3-55
Security Light ...............................................3-56
Fog Lamp Light ............................................3-56
Lights On Reminder ......................................3-57
Cruise Control Light ......................................3-57
Fuel Gage ...................................................3-57
Fuel Data Display
(Digital Cluster Only) ..................................3-59
Driver Information Center (DIC) .......................3-59
DIC Controls and Displays .............................3-60
DIC Warnings and Messages .........................3-62
Climate Controls and Radio System
Personalization ..........................................3-69
DIC Vehicle Personalization ............................3-70
3-1
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Trip Computer ................................................3-80
Oil Life Indicator ...........................................3-80
Audio System(s) .............................................3-81
Setting the Time for Radios without Radio
Data Systems (RDS) ..................................3-81
Setting the Time for Radios with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) .........................................3-82
Radio with CD ..............................................3-82
Radio with Cassette and CD ..........................3-89
Navigation/Radio System ..............................3-101
Glovebox-Mounted CD Changer ....................3-101
3-2
Radio Personalization with Home and Away
Feature ..................................................3-104
Theft-Deterrent Feature ................................3-105
Audio Steering Wheel Controls ......................3-105
Radio Reception .........................................3-106
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player ...............3-106
Care of Your CDs .......................................3-107
Care of Your CD Player ...............................3-108
Diversity Antenna System .............................3-108
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System
(48 Contiguous US States) ........................3-108
✍ NOTES
3-3
Instrument Panel Overview
3-4
The main components of the instrument panel are the
following:
A. Air Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-35.
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-9.
C. Climate Controls and OnStar® Steering Wheel
Controls (or Cellular Telephone Controls). See
Steering Wheel Climate Controls on page 3-40 and
OnStar® System on page 2-46.
D. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel
Cluster on page 3-42.
E. Audio Steering Wheel Controls. See Audio Steering
Wheel Controls on page 3-105.
F. Driver Information Center (DIC) Buttons. See Driver
Information Center (DIC) on page 3-59.
G. Climate Controls. See Dual Climate Control System
on page 3-31.
H. Exterior Lamp Controls. See Exterior Lamps on
page 3-16.
I. Night Vision Controls.
J. Hood Release. See Hood Release on page 5-11.
K. Cruise Control. See “Cruise Control” under Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-9.
L. Horn. See Horn on page 3-7.
M. Cruise Control. See “Cruise Control” under Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-9.
N. Radio. See Audio System(s) on page 3-81.
O. Ashtray. See Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter on
page 3-30.
P. Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 2-52.
3-5
Hazard Warning Flashers
The hazard warning button
is located on the center of
the instrument panel
between the two air vents.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position the key is in, and even if the key is not in.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off. Press the button again to
turn the flashers off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, the turn
signals will not work.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front
and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
3-6
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind your
vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the
wheel and pull the lever.
Then move the wheel
to a comfortable position
and release the lever
to lock the wheel in place.
Horn
The horn can be sounded by pressing on the center of
the steering wheel pad.
Tilt Wheel
A tilt wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel
before you drive. You can raise the steering wheel to
the highest level to give your legs more room when you
enter and exit the vehicle.
The lever that allows you to tilt the steering wheel is
located on the left side of the steering column.
3-7
Power Tilt Wheel and Telescopic
Steering Column
If your vehicle has this
feature, the power tilt
wheel control is located on
the outboard side of the
steering column.
To operate the power tilt feature, push the control up
and the steering wheel will tilt up. Push the control down
and the steering wheel will go down.
3-8
If the power tilt control is pressed up or down and held
in that position, there will be a slight movement and
a slight pause followed by a continuous movement in the
direction the control is being pressed. This allows
very fine control of the steering wheel position. If the
control is bumped, the steering wheel moves
approximately one degree in the direction commanded.
Push the control forward and the steering wheel
moves toward the front of the vehicle. Push the control
rearward and the steering wheel moves toward the
rear of the vehicle. To set the memory position, see DIC
Vehicle Personalization on page 3-70 and Memory
Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel on page 2-56.
Heated Steering Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Your vehicle may have a heated steering wheel.
The button for this feature
is located on the steering
wheel.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
Press the button to turn the heated steering wheel on or
off. A light on the button will display while the feature
is on.
The steering wheel will take about three minutes to
reach it’s maximum temperature.
•
•
•
•
•
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Flash-To-Pass Feature
Windshield Wipers
Windshield Washer
For more information on the exterior lamps, see Exterior
Lamps on page 3-16.
3-9
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
The lever returns automatically when the turn is
complete.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster and in the
outside rearview mirror will
flash in the direction of
the turn or lane change.
Raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to flash to
signal a lane change. Hold it there until the lane
change is complete. The lever returns when it is
released.
If the turn signal is left on, a warning chime will sound
and the Driver Information Center (DIC) will display
TURN SIGNAL ON after driving about a mile to remind
you to turn it off.
3-10
Arrows that flash rapidly when signaling for a turn or
lane change may be caused by a burned out signal bulb.
Other drivers will not see the turn signal.
Replace burned-out bulbs to help avoid possible
accidents. Check the fuse and for burned-out bulbs if
the arrow fails to work when signaling a turn. See Fuses
and Circuit Breakers on page 5-100.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Push forward to change the headlamps from low beam
to high. Pull the lever back and then release it to
change from high beam to low.
This light on the instrument
panel cluster will be on,
indicating high-beam
usage.
Flash-To-Pass
Windshield Wipers
This feature lets you use the high-beam headlamps to
signal the driver in front of you that you want to pass.
Pull and hold the turn signal lever toward you to
use. When you do, the following will occur:
• If the headlamps are either off or in the Daytime
Running Lamps (DRL) mode, the high-beam
headlamps will turn on. They will stay on as long as
you hold the lever there. Release the lever to
turn them off.
• If the headlamps are on high beam, they will switch
to low beam. To return to high beam, push the
lever away from you.
WIPER: Turn the band on the turn signal lever to
control the wipers.
MIST: Turn the band toward you to MIST and then
release it for a single wiping cycle. For more cycles, hold
the band on MIST longer.
LO or HI: Turn the band away from you to either LO
(low speed) or to HI (high speed), depending on
the wiper speed you want.
Delay: Turn the band to one of the delay positions to set
the wiper speed for a long or a short delay between
wipes. The closer you move it to LO, the shorter the
delay.
OFF: Turn the band to OFF to turn off the wipers.
3-11
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they are frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If the blades do
become damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wiper motor.
A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools. Clear
away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
Your vehicle is equipped with wiper-activated headlamps.
After the windshield wipers have been on for
approximately six seconds, the headlamps will
automatically turn on. See Wiper Activated Headlamps
under Exterior Lamps on page 3-16 for more information.
Rainsense™ II Wipers
If your vehicle has this feature, the moisture sensor is
mounted on the interior side of the windshield behind the
rearview mirror. It is used to automatically operate the
wipers by monitoring the amount of moisture build-up on
the windshield. Wipes occur as needed to clear the
windshield depending on driving conditions and the
sensitivity setting. In light rain or snow, fewer wipes will
occur. In heavy rain or snow, wipes will occur more
frequently. The Rainsense™ wipers operate in a delay
mode as well as a continuous low or high speed as
needed. If the system is left on for long periods of time,
occasional wipes may occur without any moisture on the
windshield. This is normal and indicates that the
Rainsense™ system is activated.
3-12
The Rainsense™ system can be activated by turning the
wiper band to one of the five sensitivity levels indicated
on the wiper stalk. The position closest to OFF is the
lowest sensitivity setting, level one. This allows more rain
or snow to collect on the windshield between wipes.
Turning the wiper band away from you to higher
sensitivity levels increases the sensitivity of the system
and frequency of wipes. The highest sensitivity setting,
level five is closest to LO. A single wipe will occur each
time you turn the wiper stalk to a higher sensitivity level to
indicate that the sensitivity level has been increased.
Notice: Going through an automatic car wash with
the wipers on can damage them. Turn the wipers
off when going through an automatic car wash.
The MIST and wash cycles operate as normal and are
not affected by the Rainsense™ function. The
Rainsense™ system can be overridden at any time by
manually turning the wiper band to LO or HI speed.
When Rainsense™ is active, the headlamps will turn on
automatically. The headlamps will turn off again once the
wipers turn off if it is light enough outside. If it is dark, they
will remain on. See “ Wiper-Activated Headlamps” under
Exterior Lamps on page 3-16 for more information.
Notice: Do not place stickers or other items on the
exterior glass surface directly in front of the
moisture sensor. Doing this could cause the
moisture sensor to malfunction.
Windshield Washer
{CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your washer
until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the
washer fluid can form ice on the windshield,
blocking your vision.
At the top of the turn signal/multifunction lever there is a
paddle with the word PUSH on it. To spray washer fluid
on the windshield, press and release this paddle. The
wipers will clear the windshield and either stop or return
to your preset speed. For more washer cycles, press and
hold the paddle.
CHECK WASHER FLUID will be displayed on the Driver
Information Center (DIC) when the washer fluid
reaches a low level.
Cruise Control
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of
approximately 25 mph (40 km/h) or more without
keeping your foot on the accelerator. This is helpful on
long trips. Cruise control does not work at speeds
below about 25 mph (40 km/h). When cruise control is
on, you will see a CRUISE light on the instrument panel
cluster.
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control
shuts off.
{CAUTION:
Cruise control can be dangerous where you
can not drive safely at a steady speed. So, do
not use your cruise control on winding roads
or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on slippery
roads. On such roads, fast changes in tire
traction can cause needless wheel spinning,
and you could lose control. Do not use cruise
control on slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. See Traction
Control System (TCS) on page 4-9. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may turn
the cruise control back on.
3-13
Setting Cruise Control
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when you
are not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you do not want to.
You could be startled and even lose control.
Keep the cruise control switch off until you
want to use cruise control.
The buttons to operate cruise control are located on the
steering wheel.
1. Press the CRUISE ON/OFF button, located on the
bottom left of the steering wheel, to turn cruise
control on. An indicator light will come on to show
that the cruise control is on.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Press the SET/CST (coast) button located on the
bottom right of the steering wheel. The CRUISE
light will display on the instrument panel cluster.
4. Remove your foot from the accelerator pedal.
3-14
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This shuts off the cruise
control. But you do not need to reset it.
Once the vehicle is traveling approximately 25 mph
(40 km/h) or more, you can press the RES/ACC (resume/
accelerate) button to return to your desired preset speed.
The CRUISE light will be displayed again.
The vehicle will return to and stay at your preset speed. If
you press and hold the RES/ACC button, the vehicle
speed will increase until you release the button or apply
the brake. Unless you want to go faster, do not press and
hold the RES/ACC button.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
• Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher
speed. Press the SET/CST button, then release the
button and the accelerator pedal. You will now
cruise at the higher speed.
• Press the RES/ACC button. Hold it there until you get
up to the speed that you want, and then release the
button. To increase your speed in very small
amounts, briefly press the RES/ACC button and then
release it. Each time you do this, your vehicle will
speed up approximately 1 mph (1.6 km/h).
The accelerate feature will only work after you have set
the cruise control speed by pressing the SET/CST
button.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
• Press the SET/CST button until you reach the lower
speed you want, then release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, push the
SET/CST button briefly. Each time you do this,
the vehicle will slow down approximately 1 mph
(1.6 km/h).
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will
slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
3-15
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the
hills. When going up steep hills, you may have to step
on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed.
When going downhill, you may have to brake or shift to
a lower gear to keep your speed down. Applying the
brake or shifting into a lower gear will take you out
of cruise control. If you need to apply the brake or shift
to a lower gear due to the grade of the downhill
slope, you may not want to attempt to use your cruise
control feature.
Exterior Lamps
The exterior lamp control
is located to the left of the
steering wheel on the
instrument panel.
Ending Cruise Control
To turn off the cruise control, step lightly on the brake
pedal, or press the CRUISE ON/OFF button on the
steering wheel.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition, your
cruise control set speed memory is erased.
3-16
O (Exterior Lamp Control):
Turn the control with
this symbol on it to operate the exterior lamps.
The exterior lamp control has three positions:
9 (Off): Turn the control to this position to turn off all
lamps except the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL).
; (Parking Lamp):
Turn the control to this position
to turn on the parking lamps together with the following:
•
•
•
•
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
License Plate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
The parking brake indicator light will come on and stay
on while the parking lamps are on with the engine
off and the ignition in ACCESSORY or ON.
5 (Headlamps):
Turning the control to this position
turns on the headlamps, together with the previously
listed lamps and lights.
Wiper-Activated Headlamps
This feature activates the headlamps and parking lamps
after the windshield wipers have been in use for
approximately six seconds. To operate, the Twilight
Sentinel® feature must be turned on.
When the exterior lamp control is in the off position or
parking lamp position and the wiper control is on delay,
LO or HI, the HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED message
will appear on the Driver Information Center (DIC).
When the ignition is turned to OFF, the wiper-activated
headlamps will immediately turn off. The wiper-activated
headlamps will also turn off if the Twilight Sentinel® or
the windshield wipers are turned off.
Lamps on Reminder
A warning chime will sound if the exterior lamp control
is left on in either the headlamp or parking lamp position
and the driver’s door is opened with the ignition off.
Daytime Running Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short
periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional
daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles
first sold in Canada.
The DRL system will make the low-beam headlamps
come on at reduced intensity when the following
conditions are met:
• It is still daylight and the ignition is on,
• the exterior lamp control is in the off position and
• the transaxle is not in PARK (P).
3-17
When DRL are on, only your high-beam headlamps at
reduced brightness will be on. No other exterior
lamps such as the parking lamps, taillamps, etc. will be
on when the DRL are being used. Your instrument
panel will not be lit up either.
When the Twilight Sentinel® lever is on and it is dark
enough outside, the high-beam headlamps at reduced
intensity will turn off and normal low-beam headlamp
operation will occur.
When the Twilight Sentinel® lever is on and it is bright
enough outside, the regular lamps will go off, and
the high-beam headlamps at reduced brightness will
take over. If you start your vehicle in a dark garage, the
automatic headlamp system will come on immediately.
Once you leave the garage, it will take approximately
one minute for the automatic headlamp system to
change to DRL if it is light outside. During that delay,
your instrument panel cluster may not be as bright
as usual. Make sure your instrument panel brightness
knob is in the full bright position. See “Instrument Panel
Brightness” under Interior Lamps on page 3-22.
3-18
If it is dark enough outside and the Twilight
Sentinel® lever is off, a HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED
message will display on the Driver’s Information Center
(DIC). This message informs the driver that turning
on the exterior lamps is recommended even though the
DRL are still illuminated.
Turning on the Twilight Sentinel® or the headlamps will
deactivate the DRL and remove the HEADLAMPS
SUGGESTED message. If the parking lamps or the fog
lamps were turned on instead, the DRL will still
deactivate and the HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED
message will continue to be displayed.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off at night, turn off the
Twilight Sentinel® and shift the transaxle into PARK (P).
Placing your vehicle in PARK (P) disables the DRL. The
DRL will stay off until you shift out of PARK (P).
To drive your vehicle with the DRL off, turn off the
Twilight Sentinel® and manually turn on the parking
lamps or fog lamps (if equipped).
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
Fog Lamps
Press the button again to turn them off.
If your vehicle has fog lamps, use them for better vision
in foggy or misty conditions.
If you turn on the high-beam headlamps, the fog lamps
will turn off. They will turn back on again when you
switch to low-beam headlamps.
The fog lamp button is
located to the left of the
steering wheel on the
instrument panel.
When the Twilight Sentinel® is on and the fog lamps are
turned on, the fog lamps, headlamps and parking
lamps will remain on.
The ignition must be on for the fog lamps to operate.
Cornering Lamps
The cornering lamps come on when the headlamps or
parking lamps are on and you signal a turn with the
multifunction lever. They provide more light for
cornering.
When you press the fog lamp button, a fog lamp symbol
in the button and the fog lamp light on the instrument
panel cluster will come on to indicate that the fog lamps
and the parking lamps are on.
3-19
Twilight Sentinel®
This lever is located next
to the exterior lamp
control. It automatically
turns the lamps on and off
by sensing how dark it
is outside.
To operate the Twilight Sentinel®, leave the exterior
lamp control in the off position and move the TWILIGHT
lever to any position but OFF.
3-20
If you move the lever all the way to the right, the lamps
will remain on for approximately three minutes after
the ignition has been turned to OFF. If you move
the lever so it is barely on, the lamps will go off quickly
when you turn the ignition switch out of OFF. You
can adjust the delay time from only a few seconds to
about three minutes.
If it is dark enough outside and the Twilight
Sentinel® lever is off, a HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED
message will display on the Driver Information Center
(DIC). This message informs the driver that turning
on the exterior lamps is recommended (it is become
dark enough outside to require the headlamps and/or
other exterior lamps). Turning on the Twilight
Sentinel® or turning the exterior lamp control to the
headlamp position will remove the HEADLAMPS
SUGGESTED message.
Light Sensor
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver
If the manual parking lamps or headlamps have been
left on, the exterior lamps will turn off approximately
10 minutes after the ignition is turned to OFF. This
protects against draining the battery in case you have
accidentally left the headlamps or parking lamps on. The
battery saver does not work if the headlamps are
turned on after the ignition switch is turned to OFF.
If you need to leave the lamps on for more than
10 minutes, use the exterior lamp control to turn the
lamps back on. To delay the lamps from turning off, see
“Twilight Sentinel®” listed previously in this section.
The light sensor for the DRL and the Twilight
Sentinel® is located in the center of the front defogger
grille. If you cover the sensor, it will read “dark” and the
exterior lamps or the HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED
message will be displayed whenever the ignition is on.
3-21
Interior Lamps
Courtesy Lamps
Instrument Panel Brightness
The courtesy lamps are located on the headliner above
the rear seat. These lamps come on by turning the
instrument panel brightness knob fully clockwise or when
any door is opened and it is dark outside. Puddle
lamps are located on the bottom of the front and rear
door trim.
This feature controls the brightness of the instrument
panel lights.
The knob for this feature is
located to the right of the
Twilight Sentinel® lever.
Press the knob to release it to the outward position.
Turn the knob clockwise to brighten the lights or
counterclockwise to dim them. Press the knob to return
it to the original storage position.
3-22
Entry Lighting
This feature turns on the courtesy lamps and the
backlighting to the door switches and to the exterior
lamp control when a door is opened or if you press the
remote keyless entry transmitter unlock button. If
activated due to the transmitter, the lighting will remain
active for about 40 seconds. Since the entry lighting
system uses the light sensor, it must be dark outside in
order for the courtesy lamps to turn on. The courtesy
lamps turn off approximately 25 seconds after the
last door is closed. They will dim to off if the ignition key
is placed in ON, or immediately deactivate if the
power locks are activated.
Parade Dimming
Reading Lamps
This feature prohibits dimming of the digital displays and
backlighting during daylight hours when the key is in
the ignition and the headlamps are on. This feature
operates with the light sensor for the Twilight
Sentinel® and is fully automatic. When the light sensor
reads darkness outside and the parking lamps are
active, the digital displays can be adjusted by turning
the instrument panel brightness knob counterclockwise
to dim and clockwise to brighten lighting.
The reading lamps are located on the overhead console
on the headliner and in the rear door opening. These
lamps come on automatically when any door is opened
and it is dark outside.
For manual operation, press the button to turn them on.
Press it again to turn them off.
If the reading lamps are left on, they automatically shut
off 10 minutes after the ignition has been turned off.
3-23
Battery Load Management
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver
The battery load management feature is designed to
monitor the vehicle’s electrical load and determine when
the battery is in a heavy discharge condition. During
times of high electrical loading, the engine may idle at a
higher revolutions per minute (rpm) setting than
normal to make sure the battery charges. High electrical
loads may occur when several of the following are
on: headlamps, high beams, fog lamps, rear window
defogger, the climate control fan at high speeds, heated
seats and engine cooling fans.
This feature is designed to protect your vehicle’s battery
against drainage from the interior lamps, trunk lamp,
glove box lamp, cigarette lighters or the garage
door opener. When the ignition is turned off, the power
to these features will automatically turn off after
10 minutes (three minutes if a new car has 15 miles
(24 km) or less). Power will be restored for an additional
10 minutes if any door is opened, the trunk is opened
or the courtesy lamp switch is turned on.
If the battery continues to discharge, even with the
engine idling at a higher rpm setting, some electrical
loads will automatically be reduced. When this occurs,
the rear window defogger may take slightly longer
to clear the glass, the heated seats may not get as warm
as they usually do and the fan may cut back to a
lower speed. For more battery saving information, see
“Battery Saver Active Message” under DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 3-62.
Night Vision System
3-24
The optional Night Vision System can help you see
better when you drive at night. The system works
by sensing heat given off by objects in its field of view.
Warmer objects, such as pedestrians, animals and
other moving vehicles, will appear whiter. Colder objects,
such as the sky, signs and parked vehicles, will
appear darker.
Use this system as an aid to help you in seeing objects
beyond the headlamps. Do this by occasionally
glancing at the image as you would a rearview mirror.
Do not stare at the image.
The Night Vision System can be operated if:
• the instrument panel brightness knob is in any
position except OFF
• it is dark enough outside
• the headlamps or fog lamps (if equipped) are on
The controls for this feature are located to the left of
and below the steering wheel. They are used to adjust
the brightness and location of the image. Adjust the
IMAGE control so the image is as low as possible while
remaining visible.
Slide the dimmer control until the image is no brighter
than necessary to clearly and comfortably see the
image.
and
• the ignition is turned to ON.
3-25
When the system comes on, you will see the Night Vision
System symbol in the image. After about one minute, you
should see the view of the road ahead. If you do not see
the image after about two minutes (on cold days it may
take longer for the image to display), there may be
something wrong with the system. See your dealer for
service.
{CAUTION:
If the Night Vision System image is too bright,
or too high in your field of view, it may take
you more time to see things you need to see
when it is dark outside. Be sure to keep the
image dim and placed low in your field of view.
Remember that the Night Vision System can only help
you see objects that are warmer or colder than the
surroundings. It can not sense things like brake lights,
turn signals or emergency flashers, traffic lights or signs.
In dry, clear weather, the system can see pedestrians,
animals and the direction of the road ahead. In light
rain, light snow or light fog the image may not be
as clear and you may not be able to see the direction of
the road ahead. In more severe weather conditions,
the image may be unclear and not usable.
3-26
{CAUTION:
Do not use the Night Vision System to replace
your normal view of the road ahead. It can not
tell you how far away things are. It senses only
warmer or colder objects, not all objects.
Driving by staring at the image might cause you
not to see important objects in the road ahead.
If you do not see something in time, you could
have a crash in which you and others could be
injured. Use the Night Vision System only as a
driving aid.
It is also important to keep your windshield, the HUD
(Head-Up Display for the Night Vision System) lens and
the camera lens clean. If you do not keep everything
clean, system performance may be affected.
The HUD system is located on the driver’s side of the
instrument panel, next to the windshield and the camera
is located behind the center of the front grille.
Use only household glass cleaner and a soft cloth to
clean the HUD or camera lens. Wipe gently and
dry thoroughly.
Notice: When cleaning, be careful not to scratch
the HUD or camera lenses. Do not spray glass
cleaner directly on the HUD lens because the
cleaner could leak inside the unit and cause
damage.
The camera must also be aligned to work correctly.
If the camera needs adjustment, see your dealer.
Do not attempt to adjust the camera yourself.
Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA)
Your vehicle may be equipped with Ultrasonic Rear
Parking Assist (URPA). URPA is designed to help you
park while in REVERSE (R) and operates only at speeds
less than 3 mph (5 km/h). URPA can help you avoid
colliding with objects such as parked vehicles. The
system can detect objects 5 feet (1.5 m) behind your
vehicle and tell you how close those objects are to your
rear bumper.
{CAUTION:
Even with the Ultrasonic Rear Park Assist
system, the driver must check carefully before
backing up. The system does not operate above
typical backing speeds of 3 mph (5 km/h) while
parking. And, the system does not detect
objects that are more than 5 feet (1.5 meters)
behind the vehicle.
So, unless you check carefully behind you
before and when you back up, you could strike
children, pedestrians, bicyclists or pets behind
you, and they could be injured or killed.
Whether or not you are using Rear Park Assist,
always check carefully behind your vehicle
before you back up and then watch closely as
you do.
3-27
The URPA display is
located inside the vehicle,
above the rear window.
It has three color-coded
lights that can be seen
through the rearview mirror
or by turning around.
The first time an object is detected while in
REVERSE (R), a chime will sound and the following will
occur in sequence, depending on the distance from the
object:
• At 5 feet (1.5 m) a chime will sound and one amber
light will be lit;
• at 40 inches (1.0 m) both amber lights will be lit;
• at 20 inches (0.5 m) a continuous chime will sound
and all three lights (amber/amber/red) will be lit; and
• at 1 foot (0.3 m) a continuous chime will sound and
How the System Works
URPA comes on automatically when the shift lever is
moved into REVERSE (R). When the system comes on,
the three lights on the display will briefly illuminate to
let you know that the system is working. If your vehicle is
moving in REVERSE (R) at a speed greater than
3 mph (5 km/h), the red light will flash to remind you the
system does not work at this speed.
3-28
all three lights (amber/amber/red) will flash.
URPA can detect objects 3 inches (7.6 cm) and wider,
and at least 10 inches (25.4 cm) tall, but it cannot detect
objects that are above trunk level. In order for the
rear sensors to recognize an object, it must be within
operating range.
If the URPA system is not functioning properly, the
display will flash red, indicating that there is a problem.
The light will also flash red while driving if a trailer is
attached to your vehicle, or a bicycle or object is on the
back of, or hanging out of your trunk. The light will
continue to flash until the trailer or the object is
removed and your vehicle is driven forward at least
15 mph (25 km/h).
It may also flash red if the ultrasonic sensors are not
kept clean. So be sure to keep your rear bumper free of
mud, dirt, snow, ice and slush or materials such as
paint or the system may not work properly. If after
cleaning the rear bumper and driving forward at least
15 mph (25 km/h), the display continues to flash red, see
your dealer. For cleaning instructions, see Cleaning
the Outside of Your Vehicle on page 5-94.
It may also flash red if your vehicle is moving in
REVERSE (R) at a speed greater than 3 mph (5 km/h).
Other conditions that may affect system performance
include things like the vibrations from a jackhammer or
the compression of air brakes on a very large truck.
As always, drivers should use care when backing up a
vehicle. Always look behind you, being sure to check
for other vehicles, obstructions and blind spots.
Accessory Power Outlets
Your vehicle is equipped with accessory power outlets.
The outlets can be used to plug in electrical equipment
such as a cellular telephone, CB radio, etc.
If you have a vehicle with a center storage compartment
located on the instrument panel, you may have an
accessory power outlet in the storage drawer. There is
also an outlet on the front passenger’s seat near
the umbrella tray.
There are two accessory power outlets in the rear seat
area located on the door armrests next to the
ashtrays.
Your vehicle may have a small cap that must be
removed to access the accessory power outlet. If it
does, when not using the outlet be sure to cover it with
the protective cap.
The accessory power outlet will only operate when the
ignition is in ACCESSORY or ON and for 10 minutes
after turning the ignition OFF. If you would like the
accessory power outlet to operate regardless of ignition
position, and for extended periods of time, see your
dealer for more information.
Notice: Leaving electrical equipment on for
extended periods will drain the battery. Always turn
off electrical equipment when not in use and do
not plug in equipment that exceeds the maximum
amperage rating.
Certain accessory power plugs may not be compatible
to the accessory power outlet and could result in
blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a
problem see your dealer for additional information on the
accessory power outlets.
3-29
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to your
vehicle may damage it or keep other components
from working as they should. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Check with your
dealer before adding electrical equipment.
Follow the proper installation instructions that are
included with any electrical equipment you install.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can cause
damage not covered by your warranty. Do not
hang any type of accessory or accessory bracket
from the plug because the power outlets are
designed for accessory power plugs only.
Front Ashtray
With the full floor console, the ashtray is located below
the climate control system. To open, push down on the
cover. To clean the ashtray, lift it out by gripping the
sides.
For vehicles without the floor console, pull the tray
located below the radio to reveal the ashtray. The
ashtray can be removed for cleaning.
Rear Ashtray
The ashtrays are located on the door armrests. To use
an ashtray, lift the lid.
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
Cigarette Lighter
Notice: If you put papers or other flammable items
in the ashtray, hot cigarettes or other smoking
materials could ignite them and possibly damage
your vehicle. Never put flammable items in the
ashtray.
Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it is
heating will not allow the lighter to back away from
the heating element when it is hot. Damage from
overheating may occur to the lighter or heating
element, or a fuse could be blown. Do not hold a
cigarette lighter in while it is heating.
The cigarette lighter is located near the front ashtray.
Press the lighter all the way in and release it. It will pop
back out by itself once the element has heated for use.
Cigarette lighters can be used to provide electrical
power to accessories. See Accessory Power Outlets on
page 3-29 for more information.
3-30
Climate Controls
Dual Climate Control System
With this system you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation for your vehicle.
temperature setting, the system will remain in
manual mode at that temperature and it will not go
into automatic mode.
In cold weather, the system will start at reduced fan
speeds to avoid blowing cold air into your vehicle
until warmer air is available. The system will
start out blowing air at the floor but may change
modes automatically as the vehicle warms up
to maintain the chosen temperature setting. The
length of time needed for warm up will depend on
the outside temperature and the length of time
that has elapsed since your vehicle was last driven.
3. Wait for the system to regulate. This may take from
10 to 30 minutes. Then adjust the temperature, if
necessary.
Automatic Operation
AUTO (Automatic): When this button is pressed and
the temperature is set, the system will automatically
control the inside temperature, the air delivery mode and
the fan speed. AUTO will appear on the display.
1. Press the AUTO button.
2. Adjust the temperature to a comfortable setting
between 70°F (21°C) and 80°F (27°C).
Choosing the coldest or warmest temperature
setting will not cause the system to heat or cool any
faster. If you set the system at the warmest
Do not cover the solar sensor located in the center of
the instrument panel, near the windshield. For more
information on the solar sensor, see Sensors later in this
section.
When your vehicle is first started, the display will show
the driver’s temperature setting, the fan speed, the
air delivery mode and the outside temperature.
When the ENG/MET (English/metric) button on the
Driver Information Center (DIC) is pressed, the display
will show readings in Fahrenheit or Celsius. Use the
ENG/MET button to toggle between them.
3-31
Manual Operation
yMODE z: Pressing the MODE switch and changing
the mode cancels automatic operation and places the
system in manual mode. Press AUTO to return to
automatic operation.
To change the current mode, select one of the following:
F (Vent):
This mode directs air to the instrument
panel outlets.
* (Bi-Level):
This mode directs approximately half of
the air to the instrument panel outlets, and then
directs most of the remaining air to the floor outlets.
Some air may be directed toward the windshield.
In automatic operation, cooler air is directed to the upper
outlets and warmer air to the floor outlets.
7 (Floor):
This mode directs most of the air to the
floor outlets with some air directed to the outboard
outlets (for the side windows) a little air directed to the
windshield.
The MODE switch can also be used to select the
floor/defog mode. Information on defogging and
defrosting can be found later in this section.
3-32
y9z (Fan):
Press this switch to increase or
decrease the fan speed. Pressing this switch cancels
automatic operation and places the system in manual
mode. Press AUTO to return to automatic operation.
If the airflow seems low when the fan speed is at
the highest setting, the passenger compartment air filter
may need to be replaced. For more information, see
Passenger Compartment Air Filter on page 3-38
and Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
? (Recirculation):
This mode keeps outside air
from coming in the vehicle. It can be used to prevent
outside air and odors from entering your vehicle or
to help heat or cool the air inside your vehicle more
quickly. Press this button to turn the recirculation mode
on or off. When the button is pressed, an indicator
light will come on. The air-conditioning compressor also
comes on.
Driver’s Temperature Knob: Press this knob to turn
the entire climate control system on or off. Turn this
knob clockwise or counterclockwise to manually
increase or decrease the temperature inside your
vehicle.
yPASS TEMP z (Passenger’s
Temperature): Press this switch to turn the passengers’
climate control systems on. Press this switch to
manually increase or decrease the temperature for the
front passenger.
For quick cool down on hot days:
1. Select the vent mode.
2. Select the recirculation mode.
3. Select A/C.
PASS OFF (Passenger’s Climate Control): Press this
button to turn all passenger climate control systems off.
4. Select the coolest temperature.
If the passenger’s temperature switch is turned off, the
driver’s temperature knob will control the temperature for
the entire vehicle.
6. Open all outlets.
A/C (Air Conditioning): Press this button to override
the automatic system and turn the air-conditioning
system on or off. When in AUTO the air-conditioning
compressor will come on automatically, as necessary.
On hot days, open the windows to let hot inside air
escape; then close them. This helps to reduce the time
it takes for your vehicle to cool down. It also helps
the system to operate more efficiently.
5. Select the highest fan speed.
Using these settings together for long periods of time
may cause the air inside your vehicle to become too dry.
To prevent this from happening, after the air in your
vehicle has cooled, turn the recirculation mode off.
The air-conditioning system removes moisture from the
air, so you may sometimes notice a small amount of
water dripping underneath your vehicle while idling
or after turning off the engine. This is normal.
If your vehicle has the memory option, it can be used to
recall your climate control settings. For more information,
see Climate Controls Personalization on page 3-40.
3-33
Sensors
There is also a sensor located behind the front grill.
This sensor reads the outside air temperature and helps
to maintain the temperature inside the vehicle. Any
cover on the front of the vehicle could cause a false
reading in the temperature.
Defogging and Defrosting
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high humidity
(moisture) condensing on the cool window glass. This
can be minimized if the climate control system is
used properly. There are two modes to clear fog from
your windshield. Use the floor/defog mode to clear
the windows of fog or moisture and warm the
passengers. Use the defrost mode (FRONT) to remove
fog or frost from the windshield more quickly.
The solar sensor on your vehicle monitors the solar
radiation and the air inside your vehicle, then uses the
information to maintain the selected temperature by
initiating needed adjustments to the temperature, the fan
speed and the air delivery system. The system may
also supply cooler air to the side of the vehicle facing the
sun. The recirculation mode will also be activated, as
necessary. Do not cover the solar sensor located in the
middle of the instrument panel, near the windshield,
or the system will not work properly.
3-34
yMODE z: Press this button until the floor/defog
symbol appears on the display.
. (Floor/Defog):
This mode directs the air equally
between the windshield and the floor outlets. When you
select this mode, the system turns off recirculation
and runs the air-conditioning compressor unless
the outside temperature is at or below freezing. The
recirculation mode cannot be selected while in the
floor/defog mode.
1 FRONT (Defrost): Pressing FRONT directs most of
the air to the windshield and the side window outlets, with
some air directed to the floor outlets. In this mode, the
system will automatically turn off recirculation and run the
air-conditioning compressor, unless the outside
temperature is at or below freezing. Recirculation cannot
be selected while in the defrost mode. Do not drive the
vehicle until all the windows are clear.
Rear Window Defogger
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog or frost from the rear window.
The heated outside rearview mirrors will heat to help
clear fog or frost from the surface of the mirror when the
REAR button is pressed.
Notice: Using a razor blade or sharp object to clear
the inside rear window may damage the rear
window defogger. Repairs would not be covered by
your warranty. Do not clear the inside of the rear
window with sharp objects.
Outlet Adjustment
The rear window defogger will only work when the
ignition is in ON.
= REAR: Press this button to turn the rear window
defogger on or off. Be sure to clear as much snow from
the rear window as possible.
The rear window defogger will turn off approximately
10 minutes after the button is pressed. If turned on again,
the defogger will only run for approximately five minutes
before turning off. The defogger can also be turned off by
pressing the button again or by turning off the engine.
Use the levers located in the center of each outlet to
change the direction of the airflow. Use the thumbwheels
to open or close the outlets.
3-35
Operation Tips
• Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air
Rear Climate Control System
inlets at the base of the windshield that may
block the flow of air into your vehicle.
• Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors may
adversely affect the performance of the system.
• Keep the path under the front seats clear of objects
to help circulate the air inside of your vehicle more
effectively.
• If the airflow seems low when the fan speed is at
the highest setting, the passenger compartment
air filter may need to be replaced. For more
information, see Passenger Compartment Air Filter
on page 3-38 and Scheduled Maintenance on
page 6-4.
Your vehicle has a rear climate-control system that
allows the rear-seat passengers to adjust the direction
of the airflow, the fan speed and the temperature for the
rear-seating area. This system also works with the
main climate-control system in your vehicle.
The control panel for this system is located on the back
of the center console.
yPASS TEMP z: Press this switch located on the
main climate control panel in the front of the vehicle on
the instrument panel to turn on the system.
3-36
OFF: Turn the mode knob located on the rear climate
control panel to this position to turn off the airflow.
If the PASS OFF button located on the main climate
control panel is pressed, the rear climate control system
will be turned off and the settings selected for the
main climate control panel will also be selected for the
rear seat passengers.
For more information on how to use the climate control
system, see Dual Climate Control System on
page 3-31. For more information on the air outlets, see
Outlet Adjustment on page 3-35.
Automatic Operation
AUTO (Automatic): Press the MODE button until
AUTO appears on the display to place the system in
automatic mode. When automatic operation is active, the
system will control the inside temperature, the air
delivery mode and the fan speed.
Manual Operation
yMODE z:
Pressing this switch cancels automatic
operation and places the system in manual mode. Select
the AUTO mode to return to automatic operation.
* (Bi-Level):
This mode directs half the air to the
upper outlets, and then directs the remaining air to the
floor outlets.
7 (Floor):
This mode directs the air to the floor
outlets.
y9z (Fan):
Pressing this switch cancels automatic
operation and places the system in manual mode.
Press this switch to increase or decrease the fan speed.
Press the MODE switch until AUTO is displayed to
return to automatic operation.
yTEMP z (Temperature): Press this switch to
increase or decrease the temperature for the rear seat
passengers.
For cool air to be sent to the rear of the vehicle, the
air-conditioning system on the main climate-control
panel must be on. If it is not on, then the temperature in
the rear of the vehicle will remain at cabin temperature.
Be sure to keep the area under the front seats clear
of any objects so that the air inside of your vehicle can
circulate effectively.
To change the current mode, select one of the following:
F (Vent):
This mode directs air to the upper outlets,
with some air directed to the floor outlets.
3-37
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
The passenger compartment air filter traps most of the
pollen from the air entering your vehicle. Like your
vehicle’s engine air cleaner/filter, it may need to
be changed periodically. For how often to change the
passenger compartment air filter, see Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-4.
To access the passenger compartment air filter, do the
following:
1. Use a tool to gently pry the cover up. (If your vehicle
has tabs that allow you to unlatch the cover with your
fingers, you will not need a tool for this step.)
The access panel for the passenger compartment air
filter is located under the hood near the windshield,
on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
3-38
2. Then, insert a tool behind the push pin located on
the inboard side of the air filter compartment to
carefully pry the pin out.
3. To remove the air filter, insert a tool between the air
filter and the compartment wall on the outboard
side of the vehicle. Then, push in to flatten the pin
holding the air filter in place. Gently remove the
air filter and any loose debris that may be inside the
air filter compartment.
4. Insert the new air filter by pushing until you hear a
click. Then, reinstall the push pin and snap the
cover into place.
3-39
Steering Wheel Climate Controls
You can adjust the temperature using the steering wheel
controls.
The control for the
temperature is located on
the left side of the
steering wheel.
Memory buttons 1 and 2 are located on the driver’s door
panel and correspond to the numbers 1 or 2 found on
the back of each remote keyless entry transmitter.
To recall the climate control settings last stored on your
transmitter, press the unlock button on your remote
keyless entry transmitter and put the ignition in
ACCESSORY or ON. The settings will be recalled.
To change the stored settings, do the following:
1. Select the desired temperature, fan speed and
airflow mode. If desired, a separate temperature
setting may also be selected for the front seat
passenger. For information on how to do this, see
Dual Climate Control System on page 3-31.
2. Locate memory buttons 1 and 2 on the driver’s door
panel.
yTEMP z(Temperature): Press the up or down
arrow on this control to increase or decrease the
temperature.
Climate Controls Personalization
If your vehicle is equipped with this feature, you
can store and recall climate control settings for the
temperature, the fan speed and the direction of
the airflow.
3-40
3. Press the memory button on the door panel that
corresponds to the number on the back of the
transmitter you are programming, until you hear two
beeps. The beeps confirm that your selection has
been saved and can now be recalled. For more
information on the memory feature, see Memory
Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel on page 2-56.
Follow these steps each time you want to change the
stored settings.
Warning Lights, Gages and
Indicators
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages
and warning lights work together to let you know when
there is a problem with your vehicle.
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages
shows there may be a problem, check the section that
tells you what to do about it. Follow this manual’s
advice. Waiting to do repairs can be costly – and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning
lights and gages. They are a big help.
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause
an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you
or others from injury.
Your vehicle also has a Driver Information Center (DIC)
that works along with the warning lights and gages.
See Driver Information Center (DIC) on page 3-59 for
more information.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you will
see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they are working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
3-41
Instrument Panel Cluster
The instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You will know how fast
you are going, how much fuel you are using and many of the other things you will need to know to drive safely and
economically.
Digital Cluster
United states and Canada versions shown
3-42
Analog Cluster
United States version shown, Canada similar
3-43
Speedometer and Odometer
Trip Odometer
The speedometer lets you see your speed in both
miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
The odometer shows how far your vehicle has
been driven, in either miles (used in the United States)
or kilometers (used in Canada).
The trip odometer can record the number of miles or
kilometers traveled for up to two trips.
You may wonder what happens if a vehicle has to have
a new odometer installed. The new one may read
the correct mileage. This is because your vehicle’s
computer has stored the mileage in memory.
The trip odometer button is
located to the left of the
steering wheel on the
instrument panel.
The two trip modes are indicated by Trip A and Trip B.
In order to change from one mode to the other,
press the A/B portion of the TRIP button.
By pressing the bottom of this button, you can tell how
many miles have been recorded on either Trip A or
Trip B since you last set the odometer back to zero.
Press the RESET part of the button until zeros appear
to reset each trip mode.
3-44
If your vehicle is first sold in the United States, the trip
odometer will return to zero after 999.9 miles
(1 609 km). If your vehicle is first sold in Canada, the
trip odometer will return to zero after 1,242 miles
(1 999 km). The RESET TRIP A/B button only resets
the trip mode (A or B) that is being displayed. Each trip
mode must be reset individually.
Display Mode
English/Metric Button
By pressing this button
located to the left of the
steering wheel on the
instrument panel, you can
go back and forth from
English (miles) to
metric (kilometers).
On vehicles equipped with the analog cluster, this
button is located between the trip odometer and
ENG/MET button to the left of the steering wheel on the
instrument panel. Press DSPL MODE to turn the
backlighting and the digital speed image on and off.
On vehicles equipped with the digital cluster, press
DSPL MODE to turn the digital displays other than the
speedometer and gear display on and off.
Other readings such as temperature, fuel and trip
odometer also go back and forth between English and
metric.
Vehicle Speed Limiter
This feature prevents your vehicle from exceeding
speeds that the tires are not rated for. When this
happens, the engine’s fuel supply is shut off. When the
vehicle speed slows, the fuel supply will come on again.
3-45
Tachometer (Analog Cluster Only)
This gage indicates the
engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
Engine Speed Limiter
This feature prevents the engine from operating at too
many revolutions per minute (rpm). When the engine’s
rpm are critically high, the fuel supply to the engine
is shut off. When the engine speed slows, the fuel
supply will come on again. This helps prevent damage
to the engine.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to ON or START, a chime will
come on for several seconds to remind people to fasten
their safety belts.
Notice: If you operate the engine with the
tachometer in the shaded warning area, your vehicle
could be damaged, and the damages would not
be covered by your warranty. Do not operate
the engine with the tachometer in the shaded
warning area.
3-46
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for several seconds. If
the driver’s belt is already
buckled, the light will
come on briefly, but the
chime will not sound.
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows AIR BAG or the air bag symbol. The
system checks the air bag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. The system check includes the air bag sensors,
the air bag modules, the wiring and the crash sensing and
diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag
system, see Air Bag Systems on page 1-47.
United States
Canada (Analog Only)
{CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help
avoid injury to yourself or others, have your
vehicle serviced right away if the air bag
readiness light stays on after you start your
vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to ON. If the
light does not come on then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
This light will come on when you start your vehicle, and
it will flash for a few seconds. Then the light should
go out. This means the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air
bag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
3-47
Charging System Light
When you turn the key to
ON or START, this light
will come on briefly
to show that the generator
and battery charging
systems are working
properly.
If this light stays on, you need service and you should
take your vehicle to the dealer at once. To save
your battery until you get there, turn off all accessories.
3-48
Brake System Warning and Parking
Brake Indicator Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two
parts. If one part is not working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
This light should come on
briefly when you turn the
ignition key to ON. If it
does not come on
then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if
there is a problem.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake.
The light will stay on if your parking brake does not fully
release. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
{CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the brake system warning light is
on. Driving with the brake system warning light
on can lead to an accident. If the light is still
on after you have pulled off the road and
stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed for
service.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the
floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on,
have the vehicle towed for service. See Towing
Your Vehicle on page 4-31.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, the light(s) will
come on when your engine
is started and may stay
on for several seconds.
That is normal.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to OFF. Or, if the light
comes on when you are driving, stop as soon as possible
and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine again to
reset the system. If the light still stays on, or comes on
again while you are driving, your vehicle needs service. If
the regular brake system warning light is not on, you still
have brakes, but you do not have anti-lock brakes. If the
regular brake system warning light is also on, you do not
have anti-lock brakes and there is a problem with your
regular brakes. See Brake System Warning and Parking
Brake Indicator Light on page 3-48.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to ON. If
the light does not come on then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
3-49
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light
The traction control system warning light may come on
for the following reasons:
• If there is a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning light will come on.
• If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off and
the warning light will come on.
• If the traction control system warning light comes on
United States
Canada (Analog Only)
This warning light should come on briefly when the
engine is started.
If the warning light does not come on then, have it fixed
so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem. If
it stays on, or comes on when you are driving, there may
be a problem with your traction control system and
your vehicle may need service. When this warning light
is on, the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust
your driving accordingly.
3-50
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This light tells you that
your engine has
overheated. As a check,
the light should come
on for a few seconds when
you start your engine.
If this light comes on and stays on, you should stop your
vehicle and turn the engine off as soon as possible. A
warning chime should also sound if this light comes on.
United States
(Analog Only)
Canada (Analog Only)
See Engine Overheating on page 5-29.
3-51
This gage shows the
engine coolant
temperature. If the gage
pointer moves into
the shaded area, the
engine is too hot.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Service Engine Soon Light in the
United States or Check Engine Light in
Canada
Digital Cluster
That reading means the same thing as the warning
light – the engine coolant has overheated. See Engine
Overheating on page 5-29.
.
3-52
United States
Canada (Analog Only)
Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which
monitors operation of the fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life
of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment.
The SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light
comes on to indicate that there is a problem and service
is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the
system before any problem is apparent. This may prevent
more serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is
not running. If the light does not come on, have it
repaired. This light will also come on during a
malfunction in one of two ways:
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with this
light on, after a while, your emission controls
may not work as well, your fuel economy may not
be as good and your engine may not run as
smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs that may
not be covered by your warranty.
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Diagnosis and service may be required.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transaxle, exhaust, intake or fuel system of your
vehicle or the replacement of the original tires with
other than those of the same Tire Performance
Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission
controls and may cause this light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to costly
repairs not covered by your warranty. This may
also result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test.
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions
and may damage the emission control system on
your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be
required.
• Light On Steady — An emission control system
If the Light Is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Reducing vehicle speed.
Avoiding hard accelerations.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see
“If the Light Is On Steady” following.
3-53
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart
the engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following. If the light is still
flashing, follow the previous steps, and see your dealer
for service as soon as possible.
If the Light Is On Steady
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See Filling Your Tank on page 5-7. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has
been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing
fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
A few driving trips with the cap properly installed
should turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
3-54
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See
Gasoline Octane on page 5-4. Poor fuel quality will
cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed.
You may notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling
when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation
on acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the
light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
your dealer can check the vehicle. Your dealer has
the proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to fix any
mechanical or electrical problems that may have
developed.
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
may begin programs to inspect the emission control
equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this
inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle
registration.
Here are some things you need to know in order to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the SERVICE
ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light is on or not
working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen if
you have recently replaced your battery or if your battery
has run down. The diagnostic system is designed to
evaluate critical emission control systems during normal
driving. This may take several days of routine driving. If
you have done this and your vehicle still does not pass
the inspection for lack of OBD system readiness, your
GM dealer can prepare the vehicle for inspection.
Oil Pressure Light
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance may
damage the engine. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Always follow the
maintenance schedule in this manual for changing
engine oil.
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This light tells you if there
could be a problem with
your engine oil pressure.
The light goes on when you turn your key to ON or
START. It goes off once you start your engine. That is a
check to be sure the light works. If it does not come
on, be sure to have it fixed so it will be there to warn you
if something goes wrong.
When the light comes on and stays on, it means that oil
is not flowing through your engine properly. You
could be low on oil and you might have some other
system problem.
Security Light
For information regarding
this light, see
Theft-Deterrent Systems
on page 2-20.
Fog Lamp Light
This light will come on
when the fog lamps are in
use. It will go out when the
fog lamps are turned off.
For more information about the fog lamps, see “Fog
Lamps” under Exterior Lamps on page 3-16.
3-56
Lights On Reminder
United States
Fuel Gage
Canada (Analog Only)
This light comes on whenever the parking lamps are on
so that you know that your exterior lamps are on.
Analog (United States)
Analog (Canada)
Cruise Control Light
This light comes on
whenever the cruise
control system is in use. It
will go out when the
system is turned off.
See “Cruise Control” under Turn Signal/Multifunction
Lever on page 3-9 for more information.
3-57
The fuel gage shows
approximately how much
fuel is in the tank. It
works only when the
ignition is in ON.
On the digital cluster, if the fuel is less than about
1.2 gallons (4.7 L) the E segment on the gage will flash.
The fuel range on the Driver Information Center (DIC)
will display “LO.”
Here are a few concerns some owners have had about
the fuel gage. All of these situations are normal and
do not indicate that anything is wrong with the fuel gage:
• At the gas station the gas pump shuts off before
the gage reads full.
• GAL FUEL USED on the DIC does not correspond
Digital Cluster
If the fuel supply gets down to about 1.8 gallons (7 L) of
fuel remaining in the tank, the FUEL LEVEL LOW
message will appear on the Driver Information Center
(DIC) and a single chime will sound.
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exactly to the amount of fuel remaining as shown
on the fuel gage.
• The gage may change when you turn, stop quickly
or accelerate quickly.
Fuel Data Display
(Digital Cluster Only)
The fuel data display tells
you all you about the fuel
economy and how far
you can travel with the fuel
remaining.
The RANGE display shows how far the computer thinks
you can travel with the fuel that is in the tank. The
computer does not know what driving conditions will be
like for the rest of your trip, so the range is estimated
based on the recent fuel economy. Therefore, the range
reading may change as your driving habits change.
Going from city to highway driving may increase
the range reading.
On the analog cluster, fuel data can be obtained by
pressing the INFO button. See Driver Information
Center (DIC) on page 3-59.
Driver Information Center (DIC)
The average fuel economy (AVG) display shows the
average miles per U.S. gallon.
This display gives you the status of many of your
vehicle’s systems. The DIC is also used to display driver
personalization features and warning/status messages.
All messages will appear in the DIC display, located
at the bottom of the instrument panel cluster.
To reset the average fuel economy, press the INFO
button until the MPG AVG is displayed on the DIC.
Press and hold the INFO RESET button until both the
fuel data display and DIC display reads 0.0.
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DIC Controls and Displays
INFO RESET: Pressing this button will reset the MPG
AVG, GAL FUEL USED, AVG MPH, TIMER, ENGINE
OIL LIFE and TRANS FLUID LIFE. For more information
about the trip odometer, see Trip Odometer on
page 3-44.
• MPG AVG (Average Miles Per Gallon): This
message shows the approximate fuel economy you
have averaged since the last time you reset the
value. To reset the MPG AVG (Average Fuel
Economy), press the INFO button to display the
MPG AVG then press and hold the INFO RESET
button until 0.0 MPG AVG is displayed.
• GAL (Gallons) FUEL USED: This message shows
The Driver Information Center (DIC) buttons are located
to the right of the steering wheel on the instrument
panel, near the air outlets.
«INFO ª (Information): Pressing this button up or
down will display the MILES RANGE (Analog Cluster),
MPG AVG, MPG INST, GAL FUEL USED, AVG
MPH, TIMER, BATTERY VOLTS, LF-RF-LR-RR TIRE
(If Equipped), RPM TACHOMETER (Digital Cluster),
ENGINE OIL LIFE, TRANS FLUID LIFE, PHONE
(If Equipped), FEATURE PROGRAMMING and Blank
Display.
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how much fuel has been used since the last reset.
To learn how much fuel is used from a new
starting point, press the RESET button while the
GAL FUEL USED is displayed in the DIC.
• AVG MPH (Average Miles per Hour): This
message shows the average speed you have
traveled at since the last time you reset the value.
To reset the value, press the INFO button to
display AVG MPH then press and hold the INFO
RESET button until 0.0 AVG MPH is displayed.
• TIMER: This feature is like a stopwatch, in that you
can clock the time it takes to get from one point to
another.
To operate, press the INFO button to display
TIMER. Each of the fields for the hours, minutes
and seconds are two numeric digits.
Once TIMER 00:00:00 is displayed, press the
ON/OFF button to start the timing feature. Press the
ON/OFF button again to stop it. If you will be starting
and stopping your vehicle, during a trip for instance,
the TIMER feature will automatically start timing
where it left off when you last stopped. To reset it,
press and hold the INFO RESET button until the
display reads TIMER 00:00:00. Press the INFO
button to exit from the TIMER display.
• ENGINE OIL LIFE: Press the INFO button to display
ENGINE OIL LIFE, then press and hold the INFO
RESET button until 100% ENGINE OIL LIFE is
displayed. (This only needs to be reset after you
have had the oil changed.)
• TRANSMISSION FLUID LIFE: Under normal
conditions, the rate of deterioration of the
transmission fluid is slow. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-4 for proper fluid and change
intervals. To reset the transmission fluid life, press
the INFO button to display TRANS FLUID LIFE, then
press and hold the INFO RESET button until 100%
TRANS FLUID LIFE is displayed. (This only needs to
be reset after you have had the fluid changed.)
ON/OFF: Pressing this button turns the Programming
and Personalization Features on and off. (FEATURE
PROGRAMMING must be displayed on the DIC to begin
actual programming.) This button also starts and
stops the timer.
MILES RANGE: (Analog Cluster Only) This message
shows about how many miles you can drive without
refilling your fuel tank. Once the range drops below
40 miles (64 km) remaining, the display will show LOW.
MPG INST (Instantaneous Miles per Gallon): This
message shows the instantaneous fuel economy which
varies with your driving conditions, such as acceleration,
braking and the grade of the road being traveled.
The INFO RESET button does not function in this mode.
BATTERY VOLTS: This message shows the current
battery voltage. If the voltage is normal the display
will show BATTERY VOLTS OK. If the voltage drops
below 10.5 volts, the display will show BATTERY
VOLTS LOW. If the voltage is above 16 volts, the
display will show BATTERY VOLTS HIGH. If the display
shows the high or low message, you will need to
have your battery checked. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-62 for more information.
3-61
LF-RF-LR-RR TIRE: On vehicles equipped with the tire
pressure monitor, this message shows the tire pressure
for each tire (left front, right front, left rear and right rear).
Pressing the INFO button will scroll through the tire
pressure for each of the four tires, such as:
• 34 PSI LF TIRE OK or
• 234 kPa LF TIRE OK
If a tire pressure is below 25 PSI (172 kPa) or above
38 PSI (265 kPa), the message will appear as shown
above except it will show TIRE LOW or TIRE HIGH as
appropriate. If desired, the tire pressure information
can be programmed not to appear when using the INFO
button to scroll through the DIC displays. See DIC
Vehicle Personalization on page 3-70.
If a low or high tire pressure is detected by the system
while driving, a CHECK TIRE PRESSURE message
will appear in the display. If this occurs, press the INFO
button to scroll to the tire(s) with a low or high
pressure condition. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-62 later in this section for more information.
ENG/MET (English/Metric): Press this button,
located to the left of the steering wheel on the instrument
panel, to display information in the English (miles) or
metric (kilometers) system.
3-62
DIC Warnings and Messages
These messages will appear if there is a problem
sensed in one of your vehicle’s systems. Vehicles that
are first sold in Canada will have a number after
each message. This number helps to identify the
problem. You must then press INFO or INFO RESET to
clear the display screen for further use. However, be
sure to take any message that appears on the display
screen seriously and remember that pressing the
INFO or INFO RESET button will only make the
message disappear, not the problem.
DIC messages can also be displayed in French,
German, Spanish and Japanese. Contact your dealer to
have the language display adjusted for your vehicle.
BATTERY NOT CHARGING – 7: This message
will appear if the battery is not being charged. Have the
electrical system checked by your dealership at your
earliest convenience.
BATTERY SAVER ACTIVE – 27: This message is
displayed when the vehicle has detected that the battery
voltage is dropping beyond a reasonable point. The
battery saver system will start reducing certain features
of the vehicle that you may not be able to notice. At
the point that features are disabled, this message
is displayed. It means that the vehicle is trying to save
the charge in the battery. Turn off unnecessary
accessories to allow the battery to recharge.
BATTERY VOLTAGE HIGH – 8: This message shows
that the electrical charging system is overcharging (more
than 16 volts). To avoid being stranded, have the
electrical system checked by your dealership. You can
reduce the charging overload by using the accessories.
Turn on the lamps and radio, set the climate control on
AUTO and the fan speed on HI, and turn the rear window
defogger on. You can monitor battery voltage on the DIC
by pressing the INFO button. The normal range is
11.5 to 15.5 volts when the engine is running.
CHANGE ENGINE OIL – 82: This means that the life
of the engine oil has expired and it should be changed
within 200 miles. After an oil change, the Oil Life
Indicator must be reset. See Oil Life Indicator on
page 3-80. See Engine Oil on page 5-14.
BATTERY VOLTAGE LOW – 6: This message will
appear when the electrical system is charging less than
10 volts or if the battery has been drained. If this
message appears immediately after starting, it is possible
that the generator can still recharge the battery. The
battery should recharge while driving but may take a few
hours to do so. Consider using an auxiliary charger (be
sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions) to boost
the battery after returning home or to a final destination. If
this message appears while driving or after starting your
vehicle and stays on, have it checked immediately to
determine the cause of this problem. To help the
generator recharge the battery quickly, you can reduce
the load on the electrical system by turning off the
accessories. You can monitor battery voltage on the DIC
by pressing the INFO button. The normal range is
11.5 to 15.5 volts.
CHECK BRAKE FLUID – 37: This message will
display if the ignition is in ON to inform the driver that
the brake fluid level is low. Have the brake system
serviced by a technician as soon as possible. See Brake
System Warning and Parking Brake Indicator Light on
page 3-48.
CHANGE TRANS FLUID – 47: This message will
appear when it is time to change the transaxle fluid.
See Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4 for the proper
fluid and change intervals.
CHECK COOLANT LEVEL – 2: This message will
appear when there is a low level of engine coolant. Have
the cooling system serviced by a technician as soon
as possible. See Engine Coolant on page 5-25.
CHECK FUEL GAGE – 50: (Analog Cluster) This
message will appear when the fuel supply is less than
5 gallons (18.9 L) and the display is turned off. A
single chime will also sound when this message is
displayed.
3-63
CHECK GAS CAP – 61: This message will appear if
the gas cap has not been fully tightened. You should
recheck your gas cap to ensure that it is on properly.
CHECK OIL LEVEL – 36: For correct operation of the
low oil sensing system, your vehicle should be on a
level surface. A false CHECK OIL LEVEL message may
appear if the vehicle is parked on a grade. The oil
level sensing system does not check for actual oil level
if the engine has been off for a short period of time,
and the oil level is never checked while the engine is
running. If the CHECK OIL LEVEL message appears,
and your vehicle has been parked on level ground
with the engine off for at least 30 minutes, the oil level
should be checked by observing the oil dipstick. Prior to
checking the oil level, be sure the engine has been
off for a few minutes and your vehicle is on a level
surface. Then check the dipstick and add oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-14.
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE – 144: This message is
displayed when the Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) system
detects a low or high tire pressure condition in one or
more of the road tires. By pressing the INFO button
up or down, the DIC display will show which tire or tires
do not have the correct inflation pressure. A “LOW
TIRE” condition exists when the tire’s air pressure is
under 25 psi (172 kPa) and a “HIGH TIRE” condition
exists when the tire’s air pressure is above 38 psi
(262 kPa). The system will display the air pressure, the
tire location (LF, RF, RR or LR) and if the air pressure
3-64
is low or high. The tire pressure information is available
in English or metric measurements. For example, a
driver’s side front tire that is low may be shown
as: 22 PSI LF TIRE LOW.
The correct tire inflation pressure should be set to those
shown on the Tire Loading-Information Label, located on
the rear edge of the driver’s door. For more information
regarding proper tire inflation, see Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 5-68. If a tire is low, you should stop as
soon as possible and inspect your tire(s) for damage. If a
tire is flat, see If a Tire Goes Flat on page 5-78.
Once the TPM system detects the low or high tire
pressure condition, the message CHECK TIRE
PRESSURE will be displayed whenever you start the
engine. To remove or clear the CHECK TIRE
PRESSURE message, you will need to set the tire(s) to
the proper tire pressure. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-68.
{CAUTION:
When the CHECK TIRE PRESSURE message is
displayed on the Driver Information Center and
the tire pressure is low, your vehicle’s
handling capabilities will be reduced during
severe maneuvers. If you drive too fast, you
could lose control of your vehicle. You or
others could be injured. Don’t drive over 55
mph (90 km/h) when the tire pressure is low.
Drive cautiously and correct the tire pressure
as soon as you can.
CHECK WASHER FLUID – 25: This message means
that your vehicle is low on windshield washer fluid.
See Windshield Washer Fluid on page 5-39.
DRIVER DOOR AJAR – 140: This message will
display anytime the key is in ON, the transaxle is not in
PARK (P) and the driver’s door is open or ajar. A
chime will sound when the vehicle’s speed is greater
than 3 mph (4.8 km/h).
DRIVE NO. X (1 OR 2): This message will be displayed
with the key in ON and while entering FEATURE
PROGRAMMING, but only if the vehicle is equipped
with memory seats. The message will show which driver
is activating the personalization feature. It will only
stay on for five seconds. This message can be
customized for you by your dealer.
ENGINE COOLANT HOT, IDLE ENGINE – 44: This
message will appear when the engine coolant
temperature is over 262°F (128°C). Stop and allow your
vehicle to idle in PARK (P) until it cools down and the
message is removed. Do not increase engine speed
above a normal idle. If it does not cool down, turn off the
engine and have it serviced before driving it again.
Severe engine damage can result from an overheated
engine. See Engine Overheating on page 5-29.
ENGINE HOT–AC OFF – 16: This message displays
when the engine coolant becomes hotter than the
normal operating temperature. To avoid added strain on
a hot engine, the air conditioning compressor is
automatically turned off. When the coolant temperature
returns to normal, the A/C operation will automatically
resume. You can continue to drive your vehicle. If
this message continues to appear, have the system
repaired as soon as possible to avoid compressor
damage.
3-65
ENGINE OVERHEATED, STOP ENGINE – 42: This
message will appear when the engine has overheated.
Stop and turn the engine off immediately to avoid
severe engine damage. See Engine Overheating on
page 5-29. A multiple chime will also sound when this
message is displayed.
ENGINE POWER REDUCED – 41: This message
informs you that the vehicle is reducing engine power
because the transaxle is being placed in gear under
conditions that may cause damage to the vehicle’s
engine, transaxle or ability to accelerate.
FUEL LEVEL LOW – 11: This message serves as a
warning that the fuel level in the tank is critically
low. Stop for fuel soon. A single chime will sound when
this message is displayed.
HEADLAMPS SUGGESTED – 23: If it is dark enough
outside and the headlamps and Twilight Sentinel®
controls are off, this message will display on the DIC. This
message informs the driver that turning on the exterior
lamps is recommended even though the DRL are still
illuminated. It has become dark enough outside to require
the headlamps and/or other exterior lamps. This
message will also appear if the optional Rainsense™
wiping feature is on and the Twilight Sentinel® is off.
ICE POSSIBLE – 13: This message appears when the
outside air temperature is cold enough to create icy
road conditions.
3-66
LEFT REAR DOOR AJAR – 142: The left rear door is
open or ajar when this message appears. The ignition
must be in ON and the transaxle not in PARK (P) for this
message to display. A chime will sound if the vehicle’s
speed is greater than 3 mph (5 km/h).
OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP ENGINE – 35: If this
message appears while the engine is running, stop the
engine and do not operate it until the cause of low
oil pressure is corrected. Severe damage to the engine
can result. A multiple chime will sound when this
message is displayed.
PASSENGER DOOR AJAR – 141: The right front
passenger’s door is open or ajar when this message
appears. The ignition must be in ON and the transaxle
not in PARK (P) for this message to display. A chime
will sound if the vehicle’s speed is greater than
3 mph (5 km/h).
RIGHT REAR DOOR AJAR – 143: The right rear door
is open or ajar when this message appears. The
ignition must be in ON and the transaxle not in PARK (P)
for this message to display. A chime will sound if the
vehicle’s speed is greater than 3 mph (5 km/h).
SERVICE AC SYSTEM – 14: This message appears
when the electronic sensors that control the air
conditioning and heating systems are no longer working.
Have the climate control system serviced if you notice
a drop in heating and air conditioning efficiency.
SERVICE AIR BAG – 83: There is a problem with the
air bag system when this message appears. Let
only a qualified technician work on your vehicle. Have
your vehicle serviced by your dealership immediately.
SERVICE CHARGING SYS – 102: This message
will display when a problem with the charging system
has been detected. Have your vehicle serviced at
your dealership.
SERVICE ELECTRICAL SYS – 106: This message will
display if an electrical problem has occurred within
the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) or the ignition
switch. Have your vehicle serviced by your dealership.
SERVICE FUEL SYSTEM – 101: The Powertrain
Control Module (PCM) has detected a problem within
the fuel system when this message appears. Have your
vehicle serviced by your dealership.
SERVICE IDLE CONTROL – 107: A problem with the
idle control has occurred when this message displays.
Have your vehicle serviced by your dealership.
SERVICE STABILITY SYS – 54: If you ever see the
SERVICE STABILITY SYS message, it means
there may be a problem with your stability enhancement
system. If you see this message, try to reset the
system (stop, turn off the engine, then start the engine
again). If the SERVICE STABILITY SYS message
still comes on, it means there is a problem. You should
see your dealer for service. Reduce your speed and
drive accordingly. A single chime will also sound when
this message is displayed.
SERVICE STEERING – 127: This message is displayed
when a problem has been detected in the magnetic
speed variable assist steering system. If message
comes on, service is required.
SERVICE SUSPENSION SYS – 84: This message is
displayed to indicate that the suspension system is
not operating properly. To correct this problem, have
your vehicle serviced at your dealership.
SERVICE THEFT SYSTEM – 34: This message means
there is a problem with the PASS-Key® III system. A
fault has been detected in the system which means that
the system is disabled and is not protecting the
vehicle. The vehicle usually restarts, however, you may
want to take your vehicle to your dealer before turning
off the engine.
SERVICE TPM SYSTEM – 51: When this message is
displayed, the Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) system
is not working properly. See your dealer for service.
SERVICE TRANSMISSION – 100: See your dealer for
repair.
3-67
SERVICE VEHICLE SOON – 3: This message is
displayed when a non-emissions related powertrain
malfunction occurs. Have your vehicle serviced by a
technician as soon as possible.
SPEED LIMIT TO 90 – 113: A failure in the suspension
control system has occurred when this message appears.
The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) determines the
speed to which your vehicle is limited. Have your vehicle
serviced if this message appears.
STABILITY SYS ENGAGED – 55: You may see the
STABILITY SYS ENGAGED message on the Driver
Information Center. It means that an advanced,
computer-controlled system has come on to help your
vehicle continue to go in the direction in which you are
steering. This stability enhancement system activates
when the computer senses that your vehicle is just
starting to spin, as it might if you hit a patch of ice or other
slippery spot on the road. When the system is on, you
may hear a noise or feel a vibration in the brake pedal.
This is normal.
When the STABILITY SYS ENGAGED message is on,
you should continue to steer in the direction you want to
go. The system is designed to help you in bad weather or
other difficult driving situations by making the most of
whatever road conditions will permit. If the STABILITY
SYS ENGAGED message comes on, you will know that
something has caused your vehicle to start to spin, so
you should consider slowing down. A single chime will
also sound when this message is displayed.
3-68
STARTING DISABLED REMOVE KEY – 33: This
message will appear when the PASS-Key® III system
detects that an improper ignition key is being used to try
to start the vehicle. Check the ignition key for damage.
If it is damaged, it may need to be replaced. If it is
not damaged, remove the key and try to start the vehicle
again. If it still does not start, try another ignition key
or see your dealer for service.
THEFT ATTEMPTED – 40: This message is displayed
if the theft system has detected a break-in attempt
while you were away from your vehicle.
TOP SPEED FUEL CUT-OFF – 111: This message will
appear when the Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
detects that the maximum speed for your vehicle has
been reached. The speed of your vehicle will surge
as the fuel supply is cut off. Your vehicle’s top speed is
based on the top speed rating of the tires. This
ensures that your vehicle stays in a safe operating
range for the tires.
TRACTION ENGAGED – 91: When your traction
control system is limiting wheel spin, the TRACTION
ENGAGED message will be displayed. Slippery
road conditions may exist if this message is displayed,
so adjust your driving accordingly. This message
will stay on for a few seconds after the traction control
system stops limited wheel spin.
TRACTION OFF – 89: This message will be displayed
after the traction control system has been turned off
using the TRAC ON/OFF button on the center console.
TRACTION READY – 90: This message informs
the driver that the traction control system is available.
Pressing the TRAC ON/OFF button on the center
console once turns the traction control system off;
pressing the button again turns the system back on. This
message will automatically disappear from the display
after five seconds.
TRACTION SUSPENDED – 56: This message displays
when the traction control system has been temporarily
shut off because your vehicle’s brakes have overheated.
This message does not indicate a problem with your
vehicle’s traction control system. After a few minutes,
the traction control system will be available again
and the TRACTION READY message will appear.
TRANS HOT IDLE ENGINE – 112: This message
indicates that the transaxle fluid in your vehicle is too
hot. Stop and allow your vehicle to idle until it cools
down or until this message is removed.
TRUNK OPEN – 24: This message indicates that the
trunk is open when the ignition is on.
TURN SIGNAL ON – 20: If you drive your vehicle for
more than a mile with a turn signal on, this message will
appear as a reminder to turn off the turn signal. A
multiple chime will sound when this message is
displayed.
VEHICLE OVERSPEED – 52: This message is
displayed when the vehicle speed exceeds a certain
limit as required by some export countries. A continuous
chime will sound when this message is displayed.
Climate Controls and Radio System
Personalization
These features allow both drivers to personalize their
own climate control settings as well as their radio
settings. For more information, see Climate Controls
Personalization on page 3-40 and Radio Personalization
with Home and Away Feature on page 3-104.
3-69
DIC Vehicle Personalization
Entering Feature Programming
Your vehicle is equipped with personalization capabilities
that allows you to program certain features to a preferred
setting for up to two people. The number of
programmable features varies depending upon which
model of the vehicle is purchased. On all vehicles,
features such as climate control settings, radio preset
settings, exterior lighting at unlock, remote lock and
unlock confirmation, and automatic door locks have
already been programmed for your convenience. Some
vehicles are equipped with additional features that can be
programmed including the seat position, steering column
position (if equipped) and outside mirror position. The
navigation screen preferences (if equipped) will remain at
the last set position.
To enter feature programming mode, do the following:
If your vehicle is equipped with the ability to program
additional personalization features, the driver’s
preferences are recalled by pressing the unlock button
on the remote keyless entry transmitter or by pressing
the appropriate memory button, 1 or 2, located on
the driver’s door. Certain features can be programmed
not to recall until the key is placed in the ignition.
To change feature preferences you must use one of the
following procedures.
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1. Turn the ignition to ON, making sure the vehicle is in
PARK (P).
2. If your vehicle has memory settings, press the
appropriate memory button, 1 or 2, located on
the driver’s door panel. The DIC display will show
either 1 or 2 depending on which button was
selected. Make sure the number on the DIC display
matches the number on the back of your key fob.
3. Press the INFO button until FEATURE
PROGRAMMING appears on the DIC display.
4. Press the ON/OFF button to enter FEATURE
PROGRAMMING.
Remote Recall Memory
If your vehicle has the optional memory package, you
will have this feature. This feature recalls any previously
programmed seat and mirror controls when the unlock
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter is
pressed. The telescoping steering column (if equipped)
will return to its programmed position when the key
is inserted in the ignition switch and turned to ON.
Programmable Modes
Key in Recall Memory
Mode 1: ON
If your vehicle has the optional memory package, you
will have this feature. This feature recalls any previously
programmed seat and mirror controls when the key is
inserted into the ignition. The telescoping steering
column (if equipped) will return to its programmed
position when the key is inserted in the ignition switch
and turned to ON.
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which the
vehicle is programmed or to program the vehicle to
a different mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
REMOTE RECALL MEMORY appears on the
DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which the
vehicle is programmed or to program the vehicle to
a different mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until KEY
IN RECALL MEMORY appears on the DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
3-71
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit the
programming mode by following the instructions later in
this section or program the next feature available on your
vehicle.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions later
in this section or program the next feature available on
your vehicle.
Auto Exit Seat
Auto Exit Steering Wheel
If your vehicle has the optional memory package, you will
have this feature. This feature will move the driver’s seat
to the previously programmed exit position when the
ignition is turned off and the driver’s door is opened.
If your vehicle has the optional memory package, you
may have this feature also. This feature will move the
steering column to the driver’s previously programmed
exit position when the ignition is turned off and the
driver’s door is opened.
Programmable Modes
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle is
programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until AUTO
EXIT STRG WHEEL appears on the DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button until
ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off, press
the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on the display.
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which the vehicle is
programmed or to program the vehicle to a different
mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
AUTO EXIT SEAT appears on the DIC display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button until
ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off, press
the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on the display.
3-72
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit the
programming mode by following the instructions later in
this section or program the next feature available on your
vehicle.
Lights Flash at Unlock
This feature allows the parking lamps to flash twice
when the remote keyless entry transmitter is used
to unlock the vehicle. All doors must be closed, and the
lamps will not flash if the manual parking lamps or
headlamps are active.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on the
display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Lights Flash at Lock
This feature allows the parking lamps to flash once
when the remote keyless entry transmitter is used to
lock the vehicle. All doors must be closed for this feature
to work, and the lamps will not flash if the manual
parking lamps or headlamps are active.
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which the
vehicle is programmed or to program the vehicle to
a different mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
LIGHTS FLASH AT UNLOCK appears on the
DIC display.
3-73
Programmable Modes
Horn Sounds at Lock
Mode 1: ON
This feature sounds the horn once when the remote
keyless entry transmitter is used to lock the vehicle. All
doors must be closed for this feature to work.
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which the
vehicle is programmed or to program the vehicle to
a different mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
LIGHTS FLASH AT LOCK appears on the DIC
display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
3-74
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which the
vehicle is programmed or to program the vehicle to
a different mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
HORN SOUNDS AT LOCK appears on the DIC
display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Exterior Lights at Unlock
This feature turns on the exterior lamps when the
remote keyless entry transmitter is used to unlock the
vehicle. The lamps will remain on for about 20 seconds
unless a door is opened, the ignition is turned to
ACCESSORY, ON or START or the remote keyless
entry transmitter is used to lock the vehicle.
Programmable Modes
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Doors Lock in Gear
With the ignition in ON and all the doors closed, this
feature allows the vehicle’s doors to automatically lock
when the driver shifts the transaxle out of PARK (P).
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which the
vehicle is programmed or to program the vehicle to
a different mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until EXT
LIGHTS AT UNLOCK appears on the DIC display.
3-75
Programmable Modes
Driver Unlock in PARK (P)
Mode 1: ON
This feature allows the driver’s door to automatically
unlock when the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
All other doors will remain locked until the unlock button
on either front door armrest or on the remote keyless
entry transmitter is pressed.
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which the
vehicle is programmed or to program the vehicle to
a different mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
DOORS LOCK IN GEAR appears on the DIC
display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
3-76
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which the
vehicle is programmed or to program the vehicle to
a different mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
DRIVER UNLOCK IN PARK appears on the DIC
display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Driver Unlock Key Off
This feature allows the driver’s door to automatically
unlock when the ignition key is turned to OFF. All other
doors will remain locked until the unlock button on
either front door armrest or on the remote keyless entry
transmitter is pressed.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Doors Unlock in PARK (P)
Programmable Modes
This feature will automatically unlock all doors when the
vehicle is shifted in to PARK (P).
Mode 1: ON
Programmable Modes
Mode 2: OFF
Mode 1: ON
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which the
vehicle is programmed or to program the vehicle to
a different mode, do the following:
Mode 2: OFF
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
DRIVER UNLOCK KEY OFF appears on the
DIC display.
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which the
vehicle is programmed or to program the vehicle to
a different mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
DOORS UNLOCK IN PARK appears on the DIC
display.
3-77
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Doors Unlock Key Off
Mirror to Curb In Reverse
This feature will automatically unlock all doors when the
ignition key is turned to OFF.
If your vehicle has the optional memory package, you
will have this feature. This feature will move the
passenger’s outside rearview mirror to a curb view
position when the shift lever is placed in REVERSE (R),
and it will return the mirror to the last known driving
position when the shift lever is moved out of
REVERSE (R). See Outside Curb View Assist Mirror on
page 2-45 for more information.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which the
vehicle is programmed or to program the vehicle to
a different mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
DRIVER UNLOCK KEY OFF appears on the
DIC display.
3-78
Programmable Modes
Tire Pressure Display
Mode 1: ON
This feature will allow the individual tire pressure
readings to be displayed when using the INFO button to
scroll through the DIC displays. Even with this feature
programmed to be turned off, a low or high tire pressure
condition will still cause the CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
message to be displayed on the DIC. See DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 3-62 for more information.
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which the
vehicle is programmed or to program the vehicle to
a different mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
MIRROR TO CURB IN REV appears on the DIC
display.
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ON
Mode 2: OFF
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which the
vehicle is programmed or to program the vehicle to
a different mode, do the following:
1. Enter FEATURE PROGRAMMING following the
instructions listed previously.
2. Press the down arrow on the INFO button until
TIRE PRESSURE DISPLAY appears on the DIC
display.
3-79
3. To turn on the feature, press the ON/OFF button
until ON appears on the DIC display. To turn it off,
press the ON/OFF button until OFF appears on
the display.
Trip Computer
Oil Life Indicator
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Driver’s Name Set/Recall
If your vehicle has the optional memory package, you
will have this feature. This feature allows individual
driver’s names to be displayed in the DIC when
the ignition is turned to ON. This feature only works
when the remote keyless entry transmitter is used
to unlock the vehicle or when buttons 1 or 2 on the
driver’s door are pressed. See your dealer for assistance
in programming this feature.
Exiting Feature Programming
To exit FEATURE PROGRAMMING, press the INFO
RESET or INFO button.
3-80
This feature lets you know when to change the engine
oil. It is based on the engine oil temperatures and
your driving patterns.
To see the display, press the INFO button several times
until ENGINE OIL LIFE appears. If you see 99%
ENGINE OIL LIFE, 99 percent of your current oil life
remains.
The DIC may display a CHANGE ENGINE OIL
message. For more information, see Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-4. If you see CHANGE ENGINE
OIL, it means the oil life is gone and you should
change the oil right away. The system does not check
how much oil you have, so you will still have to check for
that. To see how, see Engine Oil on page 5-14.
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and to give years of listening pleasure. You will get
the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with
it first. Figure out which radio you have in your vehicle,
find out what your audio system can do and how to
operate all of its controls to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
When the oil is changed, you will need to reset the
system. See Engine Oil on page 5-14. Always keep a
written record of the mileage and date when you
changed your oil.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, you can play your audio
system even after the ignition is turned off. See
“Retained Accessory Power (RAP)” under Ignition
Positions on page 2-26.
Audio System(s)
Notice: Before you add any sound equipment to
your vehicle – like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio – be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very important to
do it properly. Added sound equipment may
interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s engine,
radio or other systems, and even damage them.
Your vehicle’s systems may interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has been added
improperly.
Setting the Time for Radios without
Radio Data Systems (RDS)
Press and hold HR until the correct hour appears on the
display. Press and hold MN until the correct minute
appears on the display. Display the time with the ignition
off by pressing one of these buttons.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
3-81
Setting the Time for Radios with
Radio Data Systems (RDS)
Radio with CD
Press and hold HR until the correct hour appears on the
display. Press and hold MN until the correct minute
appears on the display. Display the time when the
ignition is off by pressing one of these buttons.
To synchronize the time with an FM station broadcasting
Radio Data System (RDS) information, press and hold
HR and MN at the same time until TIME UPDATED
appears on the display. If the time is not available from
the station, NO STATION TIME will appear on the
display.
RDS time is broadcast once a minute. Once you have
tuned to an RDS broadcast station, it may take a
few minutes for your time to update.
3-82
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ is a continental U.S. based satellite radio service
that offers 100 coast to coast channels including
music, news, sports, talk, and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text information,
including song title and artist name. A service fee is
required in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to select weather, FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states, if
equipped).
¦TUNE SEEK ¥: This button can be pressed to
two positions. Press this button to the first position to
tune to the next or to the previous frequency. If this
button is held at the first position for a few seconds, the
radio will continue tuning until this button is released.
Press this button to the second position and release it to
go to the next or to the previous radio station and
stay there.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
SCAN: Press this button for less than two seconds
to scan radio stations. The radio will go to a station, play
for five seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
this button again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold SCAN for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio will go
to the first preset station stored on your pushbuttons, play
for five seconds, then go on to the next preset station.
Press SCAN again to stop scanning presets.
The radio will scan only to stations that are in the selected
band and only to those with a strong signal.
Setting Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 36 stations
(six weather, six FM1, six FM2, six AM, and six XM1
and six XM2 (48 contiguous US states, if equipped), by
performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select weather, FM1, FM2, AM, or
XM1 or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons for more than two seconds until you
hear a beep. Whenever you press that numbered
pushbutton for less than two seconds, the
station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-83
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your radio presets because
the radio remembers them.
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
(XM™ Only)
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
TONE: Press and release this button until the BASS,
TREBLE, or MIDRANGE appears on the display.
The radio keeps separate tone settings for each band,
preset, and source.
− LEVEL +: After selecting the desired tone control,
press the plus or minus button to select the desired
level.
To save the tone settings for your presets, press and
hold the numbered pushbutton for the desired preset for
more than two seconds until you hear a beep.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
M (Speaker):
Press and release this button until
BALANCE or FADE appears on the display.
− LEVEL +: After selecting the desired control, press
the plus or minus button to select the desired level.
PTY (Program Type): This button is inoperable on this
radio, except if your radio is equipped with XM™
Satellite Radio Service.
1. Press PTY to activate program type select mode.
PTY will appear on the display.
2. Press LEVEL to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press either
TUNE SEEK arrow to select the PTY and take
you to the PTY’s first station.
4. If you want to go to another station within that PTY,
press TUNE SEEK once to display the PTY, then
press TUNE SEEK again to go to another station.
5. Press PTY to exit program type select mode.
If PTY times out and is no longer on the display, go
back to Step 1.
SCAN: You can scan the stations within a PTY by
performing the following:
1. Press PTY to activate program type select mode.
PTY will appear on the display.
2. Press LEVEL to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press SCAN,
and the radio will begin scanning the stations in
the PTY.
4. Press SCAN to stop at a station.
3-84
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
XM Updating
Updating encryption
code
The encryption code in your receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No XM signal
Loss of signal
Your system is functioning correctly, but you are in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
Your radio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
Channel Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune in to another
channel.
Channel Unavail
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of your
presets, you may need to choose another station for that
preset button.
No Artist Info
Artist Name/Feature not
available
No artist information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Title Info
Song/Program Title not
available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
3-85
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
No CAT Info
Category Name not
available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the category you
selected. Your system is working properly.
No Information
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this
time on this channel. Your system is working properly.
XM Theftlocked
Theft lock active
The XM receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If you receive this
message after having your vehicle serviced, check with the
servicing facility.
XM Radio ID
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
If you tune to channel 0, you will see this message
alternating with your XM Radio 8 digit radio ID label. This
label is needed to activate your service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If you receive this message when you tune to channel 0,
you may have a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
Check XM Receiver
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
your receiver may have a fault. Consult with your retail
location.
3-86
Playing a CD
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. If the ignition and the radio are on
and the underlined CD symbol appears on the
display, the CD will begin playing. A CD may be loaded
with the radio off but it will not start playing until the
radio is on. If you want to insert a CD when the ignition
is off, first press the eject button.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Do not play 3-inch CDs without a standard adapter CD.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
{ RW (Rewind):
Press and hold the left arrow to
reverse the CD. Release it to return to playing speed.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a CD in the
player it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or radio, the CD will start to play where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
FF | (Fast Forward): Press and hold the right arrow
to fast forward to another part of the CD. Release it
to return to playing speed.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
¦TUNE SEEK ¥: Press the up or the down arrow to
seek to the next or to the previous track.
The CD player can play the smaller 8cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller CDs
are loaded in the same manner.
1–6: Press this button to go to the next CD loaded in
the Glovebox-Mounted CD Changer. See
Glovebox-Mounted CD Changer on page 3-101 for more
information.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
try a known good CD.
RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to listen to the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM
will appear on the display. Press RDM to turn off random
play. RDM will disappear from the display.
3-87
SCAN: Press this button to listen to tracks for a few
seconds. The CD will go to a track, play for a few
seconds, then go on to the next track. Press this button
again to stop scanning.
SOURCE: Press this button to select a CD when
listening to the radio. A CD must be loaded to play. If a
CD is not loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear
on the display.
BAND: Press this button listen to the radio when
listening to the CD. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
Z (Eject):
Press this button to stop a CD when it is
playing or to eject a CD when it is not playing. Eject
may be activated with the radio and the ignition off.
CD Messages
If the CD comes out, it could be for one of the following
reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
3-88
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio display
an error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
Radio with Cassette and CD
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or the call letters will appear on the display instead
of the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming, and the name of the program being
broadcast.
Radio Data System (RDS)
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, your radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ is a continental U.S. based satellite radio service
that offers 100 coast to coast channels including
music, news, sports, talk, and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text information,
including song title and artist name. A service fee is
required in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
3-89
Playing the Radio
Finding a Station
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on
and off.
BAND: Press this button to select weather, FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states, if
equipped).
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
AVC (Automatic Volume Control): With AVC, adjusts
automatically to make up for road or wind noise as
you drive.
To use AVC, press and hold the TONE button until
AUTO VOLUME CONTROL OFF appears on the
display. Then press the LEVEL plus symbol. AUTO
VOLUME CONTROL ON will appear on the display.
AVC VOLUME will appear on the display any time you
adjust the volume while AVC is on. To turn AVC off,
press and hold the TONE button until AUTO VOLUME
CONTROL ON appears on the display. Then press
the LEVEL minus symbol. AUTO VOLUME CONTROL
OFF will appear on the display.
¦TUNE SEEK ¥: This button can be pressed to two
positions. Press this button to the first position to
tune to the next or to the previous frequency. If this
button is held at the first position for a few seconds, the
radio will continue tuning until this button is released.
Press this button to the second position and release it to
go to the next or to the previous radio station and
stay there.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
SCAN: Press this button for less than two seconds
to scan radio stations. The radio will go to a station, play
for five seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
this button again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold SCAN for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio will go
to the first preset station stored on your pushbuttons, play
for five seconds, then go on to the next preset station.
Press SCAN again to stop scanning presets.
The radio will scan only to the stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
3-90
Setting Preset Stations
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations and associated tone and DSP settings.
The RDS PTY mode must be off to set preset stations.
You can set up to 36 stations (six weather, six FM1,
six FM2, six AM, and six XM1 and six XM2
(48 contiguous US states, if equipped), by performing
the following steps:
TONE: Press and release this button until BASS,
TREBLE, or MIDRANGE appears on the display. The
radio keeps separate tone settings for each band, preset
(except weather band presets) and source.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select weather, FM1, FM2, AM, or
XM1 or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons for more than two seconds until you
hear a beep. Whenever you press that numbered
pushbutton for less than two seconds, the
station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your radio presets because
the radio remembers them.
− LEVEL +: After selecting the desired tone control,
press the plus or minus button to select the desired
level.
To save the tone settings for your presets, press and
hold the numbered button for the desired preset for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
TONE: Press and release this button until BALANCE
or FADE appears on the display.
− LEVEL +: After selecting the desired control, press
the plus or minus button to select the desired level.
To save the tone settings for your presets, press and
hold the numbered pushbutton for the desired preset for
more than two seconds until you hear a beep.
3-91
Using Digital Signal Processing (DSP)
DSP: This feature is used to provide a choice of
four different listening experiences: talk, front seat,
ambience and spacious. DSP can be used while
listening to the radio, cassette, CD, or XM™. Press this
button to turn DSP on. Press and release this button
until the desired selection appears on the display.
To turn DSP off, press and hold this button until DSP
OFF appears on the display. When DSP OFF appears
on the display, the system will provide the best
overall audio performance. The radio keeps separate
DSP settings for each band (except weather band,
which is always set to talk), preset, and source.
TALK: This setting should be used when listening to
non-musical material such as news, talk shows,
sports broadcasts, and books on tape. Talk makes
spoken words sound very clear.
FRONT SEAT: This setting adjusts the audio to give
the driver the best possible sound qualities. Front
seat can be used at any time for any material. Rear
seat passengers in the vehicle may not get the same
effect.
AMBIENCE: This setting is used to enhance the stereo
effect.
SPACIOUS: This setting is used to make the listening
space seem larger.
3-92
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
(XM™ Only)
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
1. Press PTY to activate program type select mode.
PTY will appear on the display.
2. Press LEVEL to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press either
TUNE SEEK arrow to select the PTY and take
you to the PTY’s first station.
4. If you want to go to another station within that PTY,
press TUNE SEEK once to display the PTY, then
press TUNE SEEK again to go to another station.
5. Press PTY to exit program type select mode.
If PTY times out and is no longer on the display, go
back to Step 1.
If both PTY and TA are on, the radio will search for
stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
SCAN: You can scan the stations within a PTY by
performing the following:
1. Press PTY to activate program type select mode.
PTY will appear on the display.
2. Press LEVEL to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press SCAN,
and the radio will begin scanning the stations in
the PTY.
4. Press SCAN to stop at a station.
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or continental U.S.-based
emergencies. When an alert announcement comes on
the current radio station or a related network station, you
will hear it, even if the volume is muted, a cassette tape or
CD is playing, or if RDS mode is turned off. ALERT will
appear on the display when an alert announcement
plays. To increase or to decrease volume, turn the
PWR/VOL knob. TA VOLUME will appear on the display
while the volume is being adjusted. If the radio tunes to a
related network station for an alert announcement, it will
return to the original station when the announcement is
finished. If a cassette tape or CD is playing, play will stop
during the announcement. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements.
TA (Traffic): If TA appears on the display, the tuned
station broadcasts traffic announcements and when
a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio station
you will hear it.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, press this button and the radio
will seek to a station that does. When the radio finds a
station that broadcasts traffic announcements, it will
stop and TA will be displayed. When a traffic
announcement comes on the tuned radio station you
will hear it. If no station is found, NO TRAFFIC STATION
FOUND will appear on the display.
If TA is on the display you can press the TA button to
turn off the traffic announcements.
Your radio will play the traffic announcement even if the
volume is low. Your radio will interrupt the play of a
cassette tape or CD if the last tuned station broadcasts
traffic announcements.
This function does not apply to XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
3-93
MSG (Message): If the current station has a message,
MSG will appear on the display. Press the MSG
button, to see the message. If the whole message does
not appear on the display, parts of the message will
appear every three seconds until the message is
completed. To see the parts of the message faster than
every three seconds, press the MSG button repeatedly.
A new group of words will appear on the display
with each press. Once the complete message has been
displayed, MSG will disappear from the display until
another new MSG is received.
For XM™ (48 contiguous US states, if equipped), press
the MSG button while in XM mode to retrieve
four different categories of information related to the
current song or channel: Artist Name/Feature, Song/
Program Title, Channel Category.
Each of the four information types may have multiple
pages of text. To reach a category, press and release the
MSG button repeatedly until the desired type is displayed.
If there are multiple pages of text for the information
selected type, the radio will automatically display all the
pages for that type at a rate of about one page every
three seconds before timing out and returning to the
default display. You may override this feature by pressing
the MSG button to review all of the pages at your
own pace.
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
XM Updating
Updating encryption
code
The encryption code in your receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No XM signal
Loss of signal
Your system is functioning correctly, but you are in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
3-94
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
Your radio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
Channel Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune in to another
channel.
Channel Unavail
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of your
presets, you may need to choose another station for that
preset button.
No Artist Info
Artist Name/Feature not
available
No artist information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Title Info
Song/Program Title not
available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No CAT Info
Category Name not
available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the category you
selected. Your system is working properly.
No Information
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this
time on this channel. Your system is working properly.
3-95
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XM Theftlocked
Theft lock active
The XM receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If you receive this
message after having your vehicle serviced, check with the
servicing facility.
XM Radio ID
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
If you tune to channel 0, you will see this message
alternating with your XM Radio 8 digit radio ID label. This
label is needed to activate your service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If you receive this message when you tune to channel 0,
you may have a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
Check XM Receiver
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
your receiver may have a fault. Consult with your retail
location.
3-96
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes
longer than that are so thin that they may not work well
in this player. The longer side with the tape visible
should face to the right. If the ignition is on, but the radio
is off, the tape can be inserted and will begin playing.
If you hear nothing or hear a garbled sound, the
tape may not be in squarely. Press the eject button to
remove the tape and start over.
Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noise. Dolby® Noise Reduction is
manufactured under a license from Dolby® Laboratories
Licensing Corporation. Dolby® and the double-D
symbol are trademarks of Dolby® Laboratories Licensing
Corporation.
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
Your tape bias is set automatically when a metal or
chrome tape is inserted.
1 PREV (Previous): Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for previous
to work. Press this pushbutton to seek to the previous
selection on the tape.
If you want to insert a tape while the ignition or radio is
off, first press the eject button. Cassette tape adapter
kits for portable CD players will work in your cassette
tape player.
2 NEXT: Your tape must have at least three seconds of
silence between each selection for next to work.
Press this pushbutton to seek to the next selection on
the tape.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, TONE, LEVEL,
and DSP controls just as you do for the radio. Other
controls may have different functions when a tape
is inserted. The display will show an underlined tape
symbol. TAPE PLAY will appear on the display when a
tape is playing, with an arrow to indicate which side
of the tape is playing.
3 { RW (Rewind): Press this pushbutton to rewind
the tape rapidly. The radio will play while the tape
rewinds. Press RW again to return to playing speed.
4 FF | (Fast Forward): Press this pushbutton to fast
forward to another part of the tape. The radio will
play while the tape advances. Press FF again to return
to playing speed.
3-97
¦SEEK ¥: Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for the SEEK
arrows to work. Press the up or the down arrow to
seek to the next or to the previous selection on the tape.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to each selection
for a few seconds. The tape will go to a selection, play
for a few seconds, then go on to the next selection.
Press this button again to stop scanning.
SOURCE: Press this button to lay a cassette tape or
CD when listening to the radio. The audio source
must be loaded to play. Available loaded sources are
shown on the display. If a source is being used, it will be
underlined on the display. If none of the audio sources
are loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear on
the display.
Cassette Tape Messages
If an error occurs while trying to play a cassette tape, it
could be one of the following has occurred:
• The cassette tape is tight and the cassette player
cannot turn the hubs of the tape. Hold the cassette
tape with the open end down and try turning
the right hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Flip
the tape over and repeat. If the hubs do not
turn easily, your cassette tape may be damaged
and should not be used in the player. Try a
new tape to be sure your player is working properly.
• The cassette tape is broken. (Check to see if
your tape is broken. Try a new tape.)
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when
playing a cassette tape or CD. The inactive tape or CD
will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.
CLEAN TAPE: If this message appears on the display,
the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will
still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as
possible to prevent damage to the tapes and player.
See Care of Your Cassette Tape Player on page 3-106.
SIDE: Press this button to play the other side of
the tape.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer.
Z (Eject):
Press this button, located to the right of
the cassette tape slot, to stop a tape when it is playing
or to eject a tape when it is not playing. Eject may
be activated with the radio and the ignition off.
3-98
Playing a CD
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. If the ignition and the radio are on
and the underlined CD symbol appears on the
display, the CD will begin playing. A CD may be loaded
with the radio off but it will not start playing until the
radio is on. If you want to insert a CD when the ignition
is off, first press the eject button.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a CD in the
player it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or radio, the CD will start to play where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Do not play 3-inch CDs without a standard adapter CD.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the
previous track on the CD.
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track
on the CD.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
3 { RW (Rewind): Press this pushbutton to reverse
quickly within a track. Release it to return to playing
speed.
The CD player can play the smaller 8 cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller CDs
are loaded in the same manner.
4 FF | (Fast Forward): Press this pushbutton to fast
forward quickly within a track. Release it to return to
playing speed.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
try a known good CD.
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to listen to
the tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM
will appear on the display. Press RDM to turn off
random play. RDM will disappear from the display.
3-99
¦SEEK ¥: Press the up or the down arrow to go to
the next or to the previous track.
SIDE: Press this button to play a CD when listening to
the radio.
SCAN: Press this button to listen to each track for a
few seconds. The CD will go to a track, play for a
few seconds, then go on to the next track. Press this
button again to stop scanning.
SOURCE: Press this button to lay a cassette tape or
CD when listening to the radio. The audio source
must be loaded to play. Available loaded sources are
shown on the display. If a source is being used, it will be
underlined on the display. If none of the audio sources
are loaded, NO SOURCE LOADED will appear on
the display.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when
playing a cassette tape or CD. The inactive tape or CD
will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.
Z (Eject): Press this button, located to the right of the
CD slot, to stop a CD when it is playing or to eject a
CD when it is not playing. Eject may be activated with
the radio off and/or the ignition off.
3-100
CD Messages
If the CD comes out, it could be for one of the following
reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio display
an error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
Navigation/Radio System
Glovebox-Mounted CD Changer
With the CD changer, you can play up to six CDs
continuously. Normal size CDs may be played using the
trays supplied in the magazine. The smaller CDs
(8 cm) can be played only with specially designed trays.
Navigation/Radio Display and Controls
Your vehicle may be equipped with an AM-FM radio
navigation system that includes digital signal processing
(DSP), a radio data system (RDS) with program
“type” selections (PTY) that will seek out the kind of
music you want to listen to. The radio system can also
communicate with your navigation system to broadcast
announcements on traffic, weather, and emergency
alert communications. For information on how to use this
system, see the “Navigation System” manual.
You must first load the magazine with CDs before you
can play a CD. Each of the six trays holds one CD. Load
the trays from bottom to top, placing a CD in the tray
label side up. If you load a CD label side down, the CD
will not play and an error will occur. Repeat this
procedure for loading up to 6 CDs in the magazine.
3-101
Once you have loaded the CDs in the magazine, slide
open the door of the CD changer. Push the magazine
into the changer in the direction of the arrow marked on
top of the magazine.
3-102
Close the door by sliding it all the way to the right. When
the door is closed, the changer will begin checking for
CDs in the magazine. This will continue for up to one and
a half minutes, depending on the number of CDs loaded.
Whenever a CD magazine with CDs is loaded in the
changer, the CD changer symbol will appear on the radio
display. If the CD changer is checking the magazine for
CDs, the CD symbol will flash on the display until the
changer is ready to play. When a CD begins playing, a
CD and track number will appear on the display. The CD
numbers are listed on the front of the magazine.
The features of the CD changer may be different due to
your vehicles audio system.
1 PREV (Previous) / ¦TUNE SEEK ¥: Press this
pushbutton or the up arrow to seek to the previous track
on the CD. If playing the first track of the CD, pressing
the pushbutton or the up arrow will seek to the last track
of the CD.
2 NEXT / ¦TUNE SEEK ¥: Press this pushbutton or
the down arrow to seek to the next track on the CD. If
playing last track of the CD, pressing the pushbutton or
the down arrow will seek to the first track of the CD.
SCAN: Press this button to hear the first few seconds
of the first track on each CD. SCAN will appear on
the display and the CD will mute while scanning. Press
this button again to stop scanning.
SOURCE: Press this button to play a cassette tape or
CD when listening to the radio. The inactive CD will
remain safely inside the radio for future listening.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when
playing a CD.
3 { RW / { RW (Rewind): Press and hold this
button to reverse quickly within a track.
EJECT: Slide the CD changer door all the way open.
Press the EJECT button and the magazine will eject.
4 FF | / FF | (Fast Forward): Press and hold this
button to advance quickly within a track.
CD Messages
5 CD / 5: Press this pushbutton to select the next CD in
the changer. Each time you press this button, LOADING
will appear on the display and the CD number on the
radio display will go to that of the next available CD.
6 RDM / RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear
the tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM
will appear on the display. Press the PREV or NEXT
pushbuttons while RDM is on the display to randomly
seek through CDs. Press RDM again to turn off random
play. This feature may not be available on your radio.
CD CHANGER ERROR: This message may appear on
the display for one of the following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
3-103
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio display
an error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
Radio Personalization with Home
and Away Feature
If DRIVER 1 (HOME or AWAY) PRESETS or DRIVER 2
(HOME or AWAY) PRESETS appears in the display
when the radio is first turned on, your vehicle is
equipped with this feature.
This feature allows the driver to return to the last used
audio source: radio, cassette, or CD, using the
remote keyless entry transmitter. This feature can also
store and recall AM and FM presets, volume, tone,
and the last selected radio station. The number on the
back of each transmitter (1 or 2) corresponds to
driver 1 or 2. If transmitter 1 is used to enter the vehicle,
the last used audio source and/or settings set by
driver 1 will be recalled. If transmitter 2 is used to enter
the vehicle, the last used audio source and/or settings
3-104
set by driver 2 will be recalled. The settings can also be
recalled by pressing the MEMORY seat buttons 1 or 2
located on the driver’s door.
Your radio can store home and away presets. Home
and away presets allow you to use one set of preset
radio settings in the area where you live, and another set
when you go out of town. You will not need to
reprogram your presets every time you travel. With the
radio off and the time displayed, use fast forward
and reverse to select home or away presets. To select
the away presets, press and hold FF for five seconds
until you hear a beep. The next time the radio comes on,
the away presets will be active. To select the home
presets, press and hold RW for five seconds until you
hear a beep. The next time the radio comes on,
the home presets will be active.
When battery power is removed and later applied, you
will not have to reset your home radio presets
because the radio remembers them. However, you will
have to reset your away radio presets.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
®
THEFTLOCK is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. Your vehicle has a “built in” theft-deterrent feature
on each radio that is automatic – there is no
programming required. The radio in your vehicle cannot
be used in any other vehicle. When the radio was
originally installed in your vehicle at the factory, it stored
the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). Each time
the ignition is turned on, the VIN is verified. If the
vehicle’s VIN does not match the VIN stored in the
radio, THEFTLOCK® will be activated and the audio
system will not play. If the radio is removed from your
vehicle, the original VIN in the radio can be used to trace
the radio back to your vehicle.
Some audio controls can
be adjusted at the steering
wheel. They include the
following:
y VOL z (Volume): Press the up or the down
arrows to increase or to decrease volume.
y SEL z (Select): While listening to the radio or to a
XM™ Satellite Radio Service station, press the up or
the down arrows to tune to the next or the previous
preset radio station.
When a cassette tape is playing, press the up or the
down arrow to SEEK forward and rearward through
the tape.
When a CD is playing, pressing the up or the down
arrow to go to the next or the previous track.
3-105
Radio Reception
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ Satellite Radio Service gives you digital radio
reception from coast to coast. Just as with FM,
tall buildings or hills can interfere with satellite radio
signals, causing the sound to come and go. Your radio
may display NO XM SIGNAL to indicate interference.
Cellular Phone Usage
Cellular phone usage may cause interference with your
vehicle’s radio. This interference may occur when making
or receiving phone calls, charging the phone’s battery, or
3-106
simply having the phone on. This interference is
described as an increased level of static while listening to
the radio. If you notice static while listening to the radio,
unplug the cellular phone and turn it off.
Weather Band
Weather band is restricted to speech and the audio
quality is not as good as with the AM or FM bands.
Depending on location, the radio should receive one or
two channels.
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes, or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight, and
extreme heat. If they are not, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLEAN
TAPE to indicate that you have used your tape player
for 50 hours without resetting the tape clean timer. If this
message appears on the display, your cassette tape
player needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes,
but you should clean it as soon as possible to prevent
damage to your tapes and player. If you notice a
reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette to
see if the tape or the tape player is at fault. If this other
cassette has no improvement in sound quality, clean
the tape player.
For best results, use a scrubbing action, non-abrasive
cleaning cassette with pads which scrub the tape
head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn. The
recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealer.
The broken tape detection feature of your cassette tape
player may identify the cleaning cassette as a
damaged tape, in error. To prevent the cleaning cassette
from being ejected, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the SOURCE button for two
seconds. The tape symbol on the display will flash
three times.
4. Turn the radio on and insert the scrubbing action
cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
After the cleaning cassette is ejected, the broken tape
detection feature will be active again.
not eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner
may not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type
cleaner. The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type
cleaning cassette is not recommended.
After you clean the player, press and hold the eject
button for five seconds to reset the CLEAN TAPE
indicator. The radio will display CLEAN TAPE MSG
CLEARED to show the indicator was reset.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your CDs
Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct
sunlight and dust. If the surface of a CD is soiled,
dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent
solution and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling CDs. Pick up CDs by grasping the outer edges
or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to
clean the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will
3-107
Care of Your CD Player
The use of CD lens cleaners for CDs is not advised,
due to the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics
with lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Diversity Antenna System
Your AM-FM antennas are located in the windshield and
rear window. Be sure that the inside surfaces of the
windshield and rear window are not scratched and that
the lines on the glass are not damaged. If the inside
surfaces are damaged, they could interfere with radio
reception. Also, for proper radio reception, the antenna
connector located on the passenger’s side top corner of
the windshield and the antenna connector located on the
driver’s side top corner of the rear window need to be
properly attached to the buttons on the glass.
Notice: Do not apply aftermarket glass tinting with
metallic film. The metallic film in some tinting
materials will interfere with or distort the incoming
radio reception. Any damage caused to your
backglass antenna due to metallic tinting materials
will not be covered by your warranty.
3-108
Notice: Do not try to clear frost or other material
from the inside of the front windshield and rear
window with a razor blade or anything else that is
sharp. This may damage the rear window defogger
grid and affect your radio’s ability to pickup
stations clearly. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
If, when you turn on your rear window defogger, you
hear static on your radio station, it could mean that
a defogger grid line has been damaged. If this is true,
the grid line must be repaired.
If you choose to add an aftermarket cellular telephone
to your vehicle, and the antenna needs to be attached to
the glass, be sure that you do not damage the grid
lines for the AM-FM antennas or place the cellular
telephone antenna over the grid lines.
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System (48 Contiguous US States)
Your XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is located on the roof
of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of snow and
ice build up for clear radio reception.
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ..........4-2
Defensive Driving ...........................................4-2
Drunken Driving .............................................4-2
Control of a Vehicle ........................................4-5
Braking .........................................................4-6
Traction Control System (TCS) .........................4-9
Continuous Variable Road Sensing
Suspension (CVRSS) .................................4-10
Steering ......................................................4-11
Off-Road Recovery .......................................4-13
Passing .......................................................4-13
Loss of Control .............................................4-15
Driving at Night ............................................4-16
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ..................4-18
City Driving ..................................................4-21
Freeway Driving ...........................................4-22
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .......................4-23
Highway Hypnosis ........................................4-24
Hill and Mountain Roads ................................4-25
Winter Driving ..............................................4-27
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ...4-30
Towing ..........................................................4-31
Towing Your Vehicle .....................................4-31
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...........................4-32
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................4-33
Towing a Trailer ...........................................4-39
4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive
defensively.
proper defensive driving more difficult and can even
cause a collision, with resulting injury. Ask a passenger to
help do things like this, or pull off the road in a safe place
to do them yourself. These simple defensive driving
techniques could save your life.
Drunken Driving
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for
Everyone on page 1-7.
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It is the number one contributor
to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a
vehicle:
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to
be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what
they might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following
distance. It is the best defensive driving maneuver, in
both city and rural driving. You never know when
the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn
suddenly.
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the driving
task — such as concentrating on a cellular telephone call,
reading, or reaching for something on the floor — makes
4-2
•
•
•
•
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was
drinking and driving. In recent years, more than
16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths have been
associated with the use of alcohol, with more than
300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population — choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it is against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of liquors like whiskey, gin or vodka.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and
then drive. But what if people do? How much is “too
much” if someone plans to drive? It is a lot less
than many might think. Although it depends on each
person and situation, here is some general information
on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person
who consumes food just before or during drinking will
have a somewhat lower BAC level.
4-3
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally
have a lower relative percentage of body water
than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this
means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC
level than a man of her same body weight will when
each has the same number of drinks.
The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany.
The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United
States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and
how quickly the person drinks them.
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of
many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a level
of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
4-4
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I will be careful” is not the
right answer. What if there is an emergency, a need
to take sudden action, as when a child darts into
the street? A person with even a moderate BAC might
not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the
collision.
There is something else about drinking and driving that
many people do not know. Medical research shows
that alcohol in a person’s system can make crash
injuries worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal
cord or heart. This means that when anyone who has
been drinking — driver or passenger — is in a crash,
that person’s chance of being killed or permanently
disabled is higher than if the person had not been
drinking.
Control of a Vehicle
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small
amount of alcohol. You can have a serious — or
even fatal — collision if you drive after drinking.
Please do not drink and drive or ride with a
driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a
cab; or if you are with a group, designate a
driver who will not drink.
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work at
the places where the tires meet the road.
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or ice, it
is easy to ask more of those control systems than
the tires and road can provide. That means you can lose
control of your vehicle. Also see Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-9.
4-5
Braking
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That is perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But that is
only an average. It might be less with one driver and as
long as two or three seconds or more with another. Age,
physical condition, alertness, coordination and eyesight
all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and frustration. But
even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph
(100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of
distance in an emergency, so keeping enough space
between your vehicle and others is important.
4-6
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it is pavement
or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of
the vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts — heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking — rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the traffic
and allow realistic following distances, you will eliminate a
lot of unnecessary braking. That means better braking
and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you are driving, brake
normally but do not pump your brakes. If you do,
the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and
the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes. ABS is an advanced
electronic braking system that will help prevent a
braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You
may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while
this test is going on, and you may even notice that your
brake pedal moves a little. This is normal.
If there is a problem with
the anti-lock brake system,
this warning light will
stay on. See Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning
Light on page 3-49.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam
on the brakes and continue braking. Here is what
happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If
one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer
will separately work the brakes at each front wheel
and at both rear wheels.
4-7
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle
while braking hard.
Remember: Anti-lock does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always
decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to
the vehicle in front of you, you will not have time to apply
your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.
Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal
down firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may hear
the anti-lock pump or motor operate, and feel the
brake pedal pulsate, but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates
on wheel speed and controls braking pressure
accordingly.
4-8
Traction Control System (TCS)
Your vehicle has a traction control system that limits
wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that one or both of the front wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens,
the system works the front brakes and reduces engine
power to limit wheel spin.
The TRACTION ENGAGED message will display on the
Driver Information Center when the traction control
system is limiting wheel spin. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-62. You may feel or hear the system
working, but this is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. See “Cruise Control” under
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-9.
United States
Canada
This warning light will come on to let you know if there
is a problem with your traction control system.
See Traction Control System (TCS) Warning Light on
page 3-50. When this warning light is on, the system will
not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes
on whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to. You
should turn the system off if your vehicle ever gets stuck
in sand, mud or snow and rocking the vehicle is
required. See “Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out”
under If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on
page 4-30 later in this section.
4-9
To turn the system off,
press the TRAC ON/OFF
button located on the
center console. (For
vehicles with a column
shift lever, the button
is located at the end of the
shift lever.)
The TRACTION OFF message will display on the Driver
Information Center. If the system is limiting wheel
spin when you press the button, the TRACTION OFF
message will display – but the system will not turn
off right away. It will wait until there is no longer
a current need to limit wheel spin.
You can turn the system back on at any time by
pressing the button again. The TRACTION READY
message should display briefly on the Driver Information
Center.
4-10
The traction control system monitors the front brake rotor
temperature. If the traction control system comes on
while the front brake rotors are hot due to heavy use of
braking or previous traction control, the TRACTION
SUSPENDED message will be displayed – but the
system will not turn off right away. It will wait until there is
no longer a current need to limit wheel spin. The
TRACTION READY message should appear when the
brake rotors are no longer hot and the traction control
system will resume normal operation.
Continuous Variable Road Sensing
Suspension (CVRSS)
Your vehicle may have a Continuous Variable Road
Sensing Suspension (CVRSS). CVRSS automatically
adjusts the ride of your vehicle. Automatic ride control is
achieved through a computer used to control and
monitor the suspension system. The controller receives
input from various sensors to determine the proper
system response. If the controller detects a problem
within the system, the DIC will display a SERVICE
SUSPENSION SYS message. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-62 for more information. If this
message appears, have your vehicle serviced at your
dealership.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Magnetic Speed Variable Assist
Steering System
This system continuously adjusts the effort you feel
when steering at all vehicle speeds. It provides ease
when parking, yet a firm, solid feel at highway speeds.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It is important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes
it possible for the vehicle to change its path when
you turn the front wheels. If there is no traction, inertia
will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If
you have ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you
will understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While
you are in a curve, speed is the one factor you
can control.
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems — steering and acceleration — have to do their
work where the tires meet the road. Adding the sudden
acceleration can demand too much of those places. You
can lose control. See Traction Control System (TCS) on
page 4-9.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you
want it to go, and slow down.
If you have Stabilitrak®, you may see the STABILITY
SYS ENGAGED message on the Driver Information
Center. See “Stability Sys Engaged Message” under DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 3-62.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds
are based on good weather and road conditions. Under
less favorable conditions you will want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
4-11
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find
a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You
can avoid these problems by braking — if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you can not; there is not
room. That is the time for evasive action — steering
around the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes.
See Braking on page 4-6. It is better to remove as much
speed as you can from a possible collision. Then
steer around the problem, to the left or right depending
on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you
can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without
removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer
quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel
once you have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-12
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off
the edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re
driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents — the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
• “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides
and to crossroads for situations that might affect
your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait
for a better time.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way,
steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of
the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to
one-quarter turn until the right front tire contacts
the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go
straight down the roadway.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken center line usually indicates it is all
right to pass (providing the road ahead is clear).
Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or
a double solid line, even if the road seems empty
of approaching traffic.
4-13
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you are awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, following too closely reduces your area of
vision, especially if you are following a larger
vehicle. Also, you will not have adequate space if
the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops.
Keep back a reasonable distance.
• When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and
do not get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into
the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you
will have a “running start” that more than makes up
for the distance you would lose by dropping
back. And if something happens to cause you to
cancel your pass, you need only slow down
and drop back again and wait for another
opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle,
wait your turn. But take care that someone is not
trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow
vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder
and check the blind spot.
4-14
• Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far
enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front
in your inside mirror, activate your right lane
change signal and move back into the right lane.
(Remember that your right outside mirror is convex.
The vehicle you just passed may seem to be
farther away from you than it really is.)
• Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
• Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it
may be slowing down or starting to turn.
• If you are being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps
you can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes,
steering and acceleration) do not have enough friction
where the tires meet the road to do what the driver
has asked.
Remember: Any traction control system helps avoid only
the acceleration skid. If your traction control system is
off, then an acceleration skid is also best handled
by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area of less
danger.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready
for a second skid if it occurs.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always
possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
are not rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much
speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose
cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much
throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
If you have Stabilitrak®, you may see the STABILITY
SYS ENGAGED message on the Driver Information
Center. See “Stability Sys Engaged Message” under DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 3-62.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety,
you will want to slow down and adjust your driving to
these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
4-15
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration
or braking (including engine braking by shifting to a
lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires
to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery
until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues — such as enough water, ice or packed snow
on the road to make a “mirrored surface” — and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Driving at Night
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
4-16
• Since you can not see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you
and other vehicles.
• Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
• If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But
as we get older these differences increase. A
50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much
light to see the same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
night vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your
eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you
are driving, do not wear sunglasses at night. They
may cut down on glare from headlamps, but they also
make a lot of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver
who does not lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid
staring directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean — inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep
your eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from
night blindness — the inability to see in dim light — and
are not even aware of it.
4-17
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy
rain can make it harder to see road signs and
traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road
and even people walking.
It is wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled
with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can not stop, accelerate or turn as well
because your tire-to-road traction is not as good as on
dry roads. And, if your tires do not have much tread
left, you will get even less traction. It is always wise to
go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while
you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when
your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.
4-18
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems,
too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid
puddles. But if you can not, try to slow down before you
hit them.
{CAUTION:
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the
water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and
you are going fast enough. When your vehicle is
hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They will not
work as well in a quick stop and may cause
pulling to one side. You could lose control of
the vehicle.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in
one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is
standing on the road. If you can see reflections
from trees, telephone poles or other vehicles, and
raindrops “dimple” the water’s surface, there could be
hydroplaning.
After driving through a large puddle of water
or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly
until your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just is not a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
4-19
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep
puddles or standing water, water can come in
through your engine’s air intake and badly damage
your engine. Never drive through water that is
slightly lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If
you can not avoid deep puddles or standing
water, drive through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
{CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can
be carried away. As little as six inches of
flowing water can carry away a smaller vehicle.
If this happens, you and other vehicle
occupants could drown. Do not ignore police
warning signs, and otherwise be very cautious
about trying to drive through flowing water.
4-20
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you
pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear
room ahead, and be prepared to have your
view restricted by road spray.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth. See Tires
on page 5-60.
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into
an unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and energy.
See Freeway Driving on page 4-22.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough
to need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles
that have not cleared the intersection or may
be running the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You will want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-21
Freeway Driving
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the
same speed most of the other drivers are driving.
Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow.
Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to check
traffic. Try to determine where you expect to blend with
the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to the
prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check your
mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it is slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the
safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there is not another vehicle in
your “blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance.
Expect to move slightly slower at night.
4-22
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do
not, under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive
on to the next exit.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce your speed
according to your speedometer, not to your sense
of motion. After driving for any distance at higher
speeds, you may tend to think you are going slower
than you actually are.
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you are not fresh — such as after
a day’s work — do not plan to make too many miles that
first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing
and shoes you can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course, you
will find experienced and able service experts in GM
dealerships all across North America. They will be ready
and willing to help if you need it.
all levels?
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
4-23
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as “highway
hypnosis”? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel?
Call it highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or
whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the
wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Do
not let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can
leave the road in less than a second, and you could
crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
4-24
Then here are some tips:
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and
to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service or parking area and take a nap, get some
exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness
on the highway as an emergency.
Hill and Mountain Roads
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
• Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
{CAUTION:
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you do not shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Shift down
to let your engine assist your brakes on a
steep downhill slope.
4-25
• Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
{CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have
to do all the work of slowing down. They could
get so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Always
have your engine running and your vehicle in
gear when you go downhill.
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your
engine and transaxle, and you can climb the
hill better.
• Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide
or cut across the center of the road. Drive at speeds
that let you stay in your own lane.
• As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There
could be something in your lane, like a stalled car or
an accident.
• You may see highway signs on mountains that
warn of special problems. Examples are long
grades, passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks
area or winding roads. Be alert to these and take
appropriate action.
4-26
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter
outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red
cloth and a couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if
you will be driving under severe conditions, include a
small bag of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of
burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you
properly secure these items in your vehicle.
4-27
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You will
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be very
careful.
What is the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold snow
or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet ice can
be even more trouble because it may offer the least
4-28
traction of all. You can get wet ice when it is about
freezing (32°F; 0°C) and freezing rain begins to fall. Try to
avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get
there.
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed, blowing or
loose snow — drive with caution.
Keep your traction control system on. It improves your
ability to accelerate when driving on a slippery road. Even
though your vehicle has a traction control system, you will
want to slow down and adjust your driving to the road
conditions. See Traction Control System (TCS) on
page 4-9.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have the anti-lock braking system, you will
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See Braking on page 4-6.
• Allow greater following distance on any slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine until
you hit a spot that is covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can not reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass
may remain icy when the surrounding roads are
clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake
before you are on it. Try not to brake while you are
actually on the ice, and avoid sudden steering
maneuvers.
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make
body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags,
floor mats — anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with
your vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near
help and you can hike through the snow. Here are
some things to do to summon help and keep yourself
and your passengers safe:
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you have been stopped by the snow.
4-29
{CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon
monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could
overcome you and kill you. You can not see it
or smell it, so you might not know it is in your
vehicle. Clear away snow from around the
base of your vehicle, especially any that is
blocking your exhaust pipe. And check around
again from time to time to be sure snow does
not collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that is away from the wind. This will
help keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little
faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator
slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and
it keeps the battery charged. You will need a
well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly
for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the
heater run for a while.
4-30
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine
again and repeat this only when you feel really
uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as
possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can. To help
keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and do
some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so until
help comes.
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice
or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you do not want to
spin your wheels too fast. The method known as
“rocking” can help you get out when you are stuck, but
you must use caution.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
{CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they
can explode, and you or others could be
injured. And, the transaxle or other parts of the
vehicle can overheat. That could cause an
engine compartment fire or other damage.
When you are stuck, spin the wheels as little
as possible. Do not spin the wheels above
35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the
speedometer.
Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of
your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the
wheels too fast while shifting your transaxle back
and forth, you can destroy your transaxle. See
“Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out.”
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see Tire Chains on page 5-77.
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. You should turn
your traction control system off. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-9. Then shift back and
forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear,
spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release the
accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on the
accelerator pedal when the transaxle is in gear. By
slowly spinning your wheels in the forward and reverse
directions, you will cause a rocking motion that may
free your vehicle. If that does not get you out after a few
tries, you may need to be towed out. If you do need
to be towed out, see Towing Your Vehicle on page 4-31.
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your disabled vehicle towed. See
Roadside Service on page 7-6.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle
for recreational purposes (such as behind a motorhome),
see Recreational Vehicle Towing following.
4-31
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle
behind another vehicle – such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your
vehicle with all four wheels on the ground) and “dolly
towing” (towing your vehicle with two wheels on
the ground and two wheels up on a device known as a
“dolly”).
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Towing” and “Dolly Towing,” following.
Here are some important things to consider before you
do recreational vehicle towing:
• What is the towing capacity of the towing vehicle?
Be sure you read the tow vehicle manufacturer’s
recommendations.
• How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they can tow.
4-32
• Do you have the proper towing equipment? See
your dealer or trailering professional for additional
advice and equipment recommendations.
• Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you
would prepare your vehicle for a long trip, you
will want to make sure your vehicle is prepared to
be towed. See Before Leaving on a Long Trip
on page 4-23.
Dinghy Towing
Notice: If you tow your vehicle with all four wheels
on the ground, the drivetrain components could
be damaged. The repairs would not be covered by
your warranty. Do not tow your vehicle with all
four wheels on the ground.
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all four
wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be towed,
you should use a dolly. See Dolly Towing later in
this section for more information.
Dolly Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
It is very important to know how much weight your
vehicle can carry. This weight is called the vehicle
capacity weight and includes the weight of all occupants,
cargo and all nonfactory-installed options. Two labels
on your vehicle show how much weight it may properly
carry, the Tire and Loading Information label and the
Certification label.
{CAUTION:
Your vehicle can be towed using a dolly. To tow your
vehicle using a dolly, follow these steps:
1. Put the front wheels on the dolly.
2. Put the vehicle in PARK (P).
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose
control and crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of your vehicle.
3. Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead
position.
5. Release the parking brake.
4-33
Tire and Loading Information Label
Example 2
Example 1
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
4-34
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
The Tire and Loading Information label shows the seating
capacity and the total weight your vehicle can properly
carry. This weight is called the vehicle capacity weight. If
your vehicle has the Tire and Loading Information label,
Example 1, the label is attached to the center pillar, near
the driver’s door latch. If your vehicle has the
Tire-Loading Information label, Example 2, the label is on
the rear edge of the driver’s side rear door.
The Tire and Loading Information label also gives you
the size and recommended inflation pressure for
the factory-installed, original equipment tires on your
vehicle. For more information on tires and inflation see
Tires on page 5-60 and Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-68.
4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of
cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if
the “XXX” amount equals 1400 lbs and there will be
five 150 lb passengers in your vehicle, the amount
of available cargo and luggage load capacity is
650 lbs (1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs).
There is also important loading information on the
Certification label. It tells you the Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating (GVWR) and the Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR) for the front and rear axle; see “Certification
Label” later in this section.
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and
cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight
may not safely exceed the available cargo
and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of
occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX
pounds” on your vehicle placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and
passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load from
your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle.
Consult this manual to determine how this reduces
the available cargo and luggage load capacity of
your vehicle.
If your vehicle can tow a trailer, see Towing a Trailer
on page 4-39 for important information on towing a
trailer, towing safety rules and trailering tips.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and
passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.
4-35
Example 1
Example 2
Loading Your Vehicle
Loading Your Vehicle
Item
Description
A
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 1 =
B
C
4-36
Total
Item
Description
Total
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
A
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 2 =
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
Subtract Occupant
Weight @ 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 2 =
300 lbs (136 kg)
B
Subtract Occupant
Weight @ 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 5 =
750 lbs (340 kg)
Available Occupant and
Cargo Weight =
700 lbs (317 kg)
C
Available Cargo
Weight =
250 lbs (113 kg)
Certification Label
Example 3
Loading Your Vehicle
Item
Description
Total
A
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 3=
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
B
Subtract Occupant
Weight @ 200 lbs
(91 kg) × 5 =
1000 lbs (453 kg)
C
Available Cargo
Weight =
0 lbs (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s tire and loading information label
for specific information about your vehicle’s capacity
weight and seating positions. The combined weight of
the driver, passengers and cargo should never
exceed your vehicle’s capacity weight.
The other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver’s door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle or the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front or
rear axle.
4-37
If you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out.
Do not carry more than 203 lbs (92 kg) in the trunk.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose
control and crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of your vehicle.
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
If you put things inside your vehicle – like suitcases,
tools, packages or anything else – they will go as fast as
the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they will keep going.
4-38
{CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
• Put things in the trunk of your vehicle. In a
trunk, put them as far forward as you can.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them
are above the tops of the seats.
• Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Automatic Level Control
This feature keeps the rear of your vehicle level as the
load changes. It is automatic – you do not need to
adjust anything.
Towing a Trailer
{CAUTION:
If you do not use the correct equipment and
drive properly, you can lose control when you
pull a trailer. For example, if the trailer is too
heavy, the brakes may not work well — or even
at all. You and your passengers could be
seriously injured. You may also damage your
vehicle; the resulting repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Pull a trailer only if
you have followed all the steps in this section.
Ask your dealer for advice and information
about towing a trailer with your vehicle.
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with the
proper trailer towing equipment. To identify what
the vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer” that
appears later in this section. But trailering is different
than just driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means
changes in handling, durability and fuel economy.
Successful, safe trailering takes correct equipment, and
it has to be used properly.
That is the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine
is required to operate at relatively higher speeds and
under greater loads, generating extra heat. What
is more, the trailer adds considerably to wind resistance,
increasing the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull a Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
• There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live
but also where you will be driving. A good source
for this information can be state or provincial police.
• Consider using a sway control. You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
• Do not tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
4-39
• Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, do not drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)
and do not make starts at full throttle. This
helps your engine and other parts of your vehicle
wear in at the heavier loads.
• Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Do not drive faster than the maximum posted
speed for trailers, or no more than 55 mph
(90 km/h), to save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
• the weight of the trailer
• the weight of the trailer tongue
• and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull
a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
4-40
It should never weigh more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg).
These are total maximum weights including the load. But
even that can be too heavy.
The maximum trailer weight for your vehicle can be
determined from the Gross Combined Vehicle Weight
(GCVW). The GCVW = curb weight + passenger’s
weight + cargo weight + trailer weight. The GCVW
should never be more than 7,200 lbs. (3 273 kg).
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight
to measure because it affects the total or gross weight
of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)
includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you
may carry in it, and the people who will be riding in
the vehicle. And if you tow a trailer, you must add the
tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle will
be carrying that weight, too. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-33 for more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
If you are using a weight-carrying hitch or a
weight-distributing hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should
weigh 10 – 15 percent of the total loaded trailer
weight (B).
After you have loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they are not, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper limit
for cold tires. You will find these numbers on the Tire
and Loading Information. See Loading Your Vehicle on
page 4-33. Then be sure you do not go over the
GVW limit for your vehicle, including the weight of the
trailer tongue.
4-41
Hitches
It is important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are
a few reasons why you will need the right hitch. Here
are some rules to follow:
• The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a
frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to the
bumper.
• Will you have to make any holes in the body of
your vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If
you do, then be sure to seal the holes later when
you remove the hitch. If you do not seal them,
deadly carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust
can get into your vehicle. See Engine Exhaust
on page 2-40. Dirt and water can, too.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the
tongue of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to
the road if it becomes separated from the hitch.
Instructions about safety chains may be provided by the
hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching
safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper.
4-42
Always leave just enough slack so you can turn with
your rig. And, never allow safety chains to drag on the
ground.
Trailer Brakes
Because you have anti-lock brakes, do not try to tap into
your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system. If you do, both
brake systems will not work well, or at all. If you tow more
than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg), use trailer brakes. Be sure to
follow the instructions that come with the trailer or from
the brake manufacturer.
Be sure to read and follow the instructions for the trailer
brakes so you will be able to maintain them properly.
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you will want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer.
And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are driving
is now a good deal longer and not nearly as responsive
as your vehicle is by itself.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer
brakes are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require
heavy braking and sudden turns.
Passing
You will need more passing distance up ahead when you
are towing a trailer. And, because you are a good deal
longer, you will need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible,
have someone guide you.
Making Turns
Notice: Making very sharp turns while trailering
could cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you are turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal. Do this so your trailer will not strike
soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring. Check
with your dealer. The arrows on your instrument
panel will flash whenever you signal a turn or lane
change. Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also
flash, telling other drivers you are about to turn,
change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind
you are seeing your signal when they are not. It
is important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
4-43
Driving on Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you do not shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On long uphill grades, reduce speed to 45 to 50 mph
(70 to 90 km/h) and avoid prolonged use of SECOND (2)
gear and engine speeds above 3800 rpm.
Climbing grades steeper than four percent at
temperatures above 90° F (32° C) with a loaded vehicle
and trailer is not recommended. The cooling system
may temporarily overheat. See Engine Overheating on
page 5-29.
Parking on Hills
{CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People
can be injured, and both your vehicle and the
trailer can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here is
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but do not shift into
PARK (P).
2. Have someone place chocks behind the trailer
wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then shift into
PARK (P) firmly and apply your parking brake.
5. Release the regular brakes.
4-44
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
• start your engine
• shift into a gear, and
• make sure the parking brake has released.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the
chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you are
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for
more on this. Things that are especially important in
trailer operation are automatic transaxle fluid (do
not overfill), engine oil, drive belt, cooling system and
brake system. Each of these is covered in this manual,
and the Index will help you find them quickly. If you
are trailering, it is a good idea to review this information
before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See Engine Overheating on
page 5-29.
4-45
✍ NOTES
4-46
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ............................................................5-3
Doing Your Own Service Work .........................5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your
Vehicle ......................................................5-4
Fuel ................................................................5-4
Gasoline Octane ............................................5-4
Gasoline Specifications ....................................5-5
California Fuel ...............................................5-5
Additives .......................................................5-6
Fuels in Foreign Countries ...............................5-6
Filling Your Tank ............................................5-7
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .....................5-10
Checking Things Under the Hood ....................5-10
Hood Release ..............................................5-11
Engine Compartment Overview .......................5-12
Engine Oil ...................................................5-14
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ................................5-19
Automatic Transaxle Fluid ..............................5-21
Engine Coolant .............................................5-25
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap ..................5-28
Engine Overheating .......................................5-29
Cooling System ............................................5-32
Power Steering Fluid .....................................5-38
Windshield Washer Fluid ................................5-39
Brakes ........................................................5-40
Battery ........................................................5-42
Jump Starting ...............................................5-44
Headlamp Aiming ...........................................5-50
Headlamp Horizontal Aiming ...........................5-51
Headlamp Vertical Aiming ..............................5-52
Bulb Replacement ..........................................5-54
Halogen Bulbs ..............................................5-54
Headlamps ..................................................5-54
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker, Parking and
Cornering Lamps .......................................5-57
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) .........5-58
Taillamps, Turn Signal, and Stoplamps ............5-58
Replacement Bulbs .......................................5-58
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ..............5-59
Tires ..............................................................5-60
Inflation - Tire Pressure .................................5-68
Tire Pressure Monitor Operation .....................5-69
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...........................5-71
When It Is Time for New Tires .......................5-72
Buying New Tires .........................................5-73
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..........................5-74
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ..................5-75
Wheel Replacement ......................................5-75
Tire Chains ..................................................5-77
5-1
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
If a Tire Goes Flat ........................................5-78
Changing a Flat Tire .....................................5-79
Compact Spare Tire ......................................5-89
Appearance Care ............................................5-90
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .................5-90
Care of Safety Belts ......................................5-93
Weatherstrips ...............................................5-93
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle ..............5-94
Sheet Metal Damage .....................................5-96
Finish Damage .............................................5-96
Underbody Maintenance ................................5-96
Chemical Paint Spotting .................................5-96
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ..................5-97
5-2
Vehicle Identification ......................................5-98
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) .................5-98
Service Parts Identification Label .....................5-99
Electrical System ............................................5-99
Add-On Electrical Equipment ..........................5-99
Headlamp Wiring ..........................................5-99
Windshield Wiper Fuses ................................5-99
Power Windows and Other Power Options .......5-99
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ..........................5-100
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion ..................5-102
Capacities and Specifications ........................5-107
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you will go to your dealer
for all your service needs. You will get genuine GM parts
and GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work,
you will want to use the proper service manual. It tells
you much more about how to service your vehicle
than this manual can. To order the proper service
manual, see Service Publications Ordering Information
on page 7-11.
We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to do your own service work, see Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-57.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and
list the mileage and the date of any service work
you perform. See Maintenance Record on page 6-15.
{CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
5-3
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
•
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle
can affect the airflow around it. This may cause
wind noise and affect windshield washer performance.
Check with your dealer before adding equipment to
the outside of your vehicle.
5-4
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part of the
proper maintenance of your vehicle.
Gasoline Octane
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane of
87 or higher. However, for best performance and for
trailer towing, you may wish to use middle grade
or premium unleaded gasoline. If the octane is less than
87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when you
drive. If this occurs, use a gasoline rated at 87 octane
or higher as soon as possible. Otherwise, you might
damage your engine.
Gasoline Specifications
California Fuel
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by automobile manufacturers
around the world and contained in the World-Wide
Fuel Charter which is available from the Alliance
of Automobile Manufacturers at www.autoalliance.org.
Gasoline meeting these specifications could provide
improved driveability and emission control system
performance compared to other gasoline.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (see the underhood emission control label),
it is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If this fuel is not available in states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may
turn on (see Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 3-52 )
and your vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this
occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the condition is caused
by the type of fuel used, repairs may not be covered
by your warranty.
In Canada, look for the
“Auto Makers’ Choice”
label on the pump.
Canada Only
5-5
Additives
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work properly.
You should not have to add anything to your fuel.
However, some gasolines contain only the minimum
amount of additive required to meet U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency regulations. General Motors
recommends that you buy gasolines that are advertised
to help keep fuel injectors and intake valves clean. If your
vehicle experiences problems due to dirty injectors or
valves, try a different brand of gasoline.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in
your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly if
they comply with the specifications described earlier.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Do not use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel
system and also damage the plastic and rubber
parts. That damage would not be covered under
your warranty.
5-6
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors
does not recommend the use of such gasolines.
Fuels containing MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs
and the performance of the emission control system
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp
may turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized
GM dealer for service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel
not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly
repairs caused by use of improper fuel would not
be covered by your warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you will be driving.
Filling Your Tank
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire can
cause bad injuries. To help avoid injuries to you
and others, read and follow all the instructions
on the pump island. Turn off your engine when
you are refueling. Do not smoke if you are near
fuel or refueling your vehicle. Keep sparks,
flames and smoking materials away from fuel.
Do not leave the fuel pump unattended when
refueling your vehicle — this is against the law
in some places. Keep children away from the
fuel pump; never let children pump fuel.
The fuel cap is located behind a hinged door on driver’s
side of your vehicle.
5-7
The fuel door release
button is located to the
left of the steering wheel
next to the exterior
lamp control.
The button only works when the vehicle is in PARK (P)
or NEUTRAL (N), when the key is in the ignition and
the VALET lockout button is in OFF.
An alternate fuel door
release is located inside of
the trunk on the driver’s
side. Pull it to release
the fuel door.
5-8
While refueling, hang the fuel cap by the tether from
the hook on the filler door.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The fuel cap has spring in it; if you
let go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to the
right.
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something ignites it,
you could be badly burned. Fuel can spray out
on you if you open the fuel cap too quickly.
This spray can happen if your tank is nearly full,
and is more likely in hot weather. Open the fuel
cap slowly and wait for any “hiss” noise to stop.
Then unscrew the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Do not top off or overfill your
tank, and wait a few seconds after you have finished
pumping before you remove the nozzle. Clean fuel from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See Cleaning
the Outside of Your Vehicle on page 5-94.
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-52.
The CHECK GAS CAP message in the Driver
Information Center (DIC) will come on if the fuel cap
is not properly reinstalled.
{CAUTION:
If a fire starts while you are refueling, do not
remove the nozzle. Shut off the flow of fuel by
shutting off the pump or by notifying the
station attendant. Leave the area immediately.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get
the right type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you
get the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This may
cause your malfunction indicator lamp to light and
may damage your fuel tank and emissions system.
See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 3-52.
5-9
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from
the container can ignite the gasoline vapor.
You can be badly burned and your vehicle
damaged if this occurs. To help avoid injury to
you and others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
• Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
5-10
{CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing and tools away
from any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts
and start a fire. These include liquids like fuel,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or
others could be burned. Be careful not to drop
or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To lift the hood, use the following steps:
1. Pull the lever inside the
vehicle to open the
hood. It is located on
the lower left side of the
instrument panel.
Vehicle without Night Vision shown
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and find the
secondary hood release lever. The lever is
located under the bottom edge of the grille.
Move the release lever and raise the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler caps are on
properly. Then pull the hood down and close it firmly.
5-11
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood you will see:
5-12
A. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 5-39.
B. Underhood Fuse Block. See “Underhood Fuse
Block” under Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 5-100.
C. Engine Coolant Surge Tank and Pressure Cap.
See Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap on page 5-28
and Cooling System on page 5-32.
D. Power Steering Fluid. See Power Steering Fluid
on page 5-38.
E.
F.
G.
H.
Engine Oil Fill Cap. See Engine Oil on page 5-14.
Engine Oil Dipstick. See Engine Oil on page 5-14.
Brake Master Cylinder. See Brakes on page 5-40.
Transaxle Fluid Cap and Dipstick. See Automatic
Transaxle Fluid on page 5-21.
I. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-19.
5-13
Engine Oil
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil
must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12
for the location of the engine oil dipstick.
If the CHECK OIL LEVEL message appears on the
instrument cluster, it means you need to check
your engine oil level right away. For more information,
see “CHECK OIL LEVEL” under DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-62.
You should check your engine oil level regularly; this is
an added reminder.
5-14
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil
dipstick might not show the actual level.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If your engine has
so much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper operating
range, your engine could be damaged.
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12
for the location of the
engine oil fill cap.
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the cross-hatched area at the tip
of the dipstick, then you will need to add at least one quart
of oil. But you must use the right kind. This section
explains what kind of oil to use. For engine oil crankcase
capacity, see Capacities and Specifications on
page 5-107.
Turn the cap counterclockwise to remove it.
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range in the cross-hatched area.
Push the dipstick all the way back in when you are
through.
5-15
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Look for two things:
• GM6094M
Your vehicle’s engine requires oil meeting GM
Standard GM6094M. You should look for and use
only an oil that meets GM Standard GM6094M.
5-16
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is best
for your vehicle. However, if it is going to be 0°F
(–18°C) or above and SAE 5W-30 is not available,
you may use SAE 10W-30.
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity
oils such as SAE 20W-50.
Oils meeting these
requirements should also
have the starburst
symbol on the container.
This symbol indicates
that the oil has been
certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Notice: Use only engine oil identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and showing the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the recommended
oil can result in engine damage not covered by
your warranty.
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the
temperature falls below −20°F (−29°C), it is
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol that meet GM Standard
GM6094M are all you will need for good performance
and engine protection.
You should look for this information on the oil container,
and use only those oils that are identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and have the starburst symbol
on the front of the oil container.
5-17
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System)
How to Reset the CHANGE ENGINE OIL
Message
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is based on
engine revolutions and engine temperature, and not on
mileage. Based on driving conditions, the mileage at
which an oil change will be indicated can vary
considerably. For the oil life system to work properly,
you must reset the system every time the oil is changed.
The GM Oil Life System calculates when to change your
engine oil and filter based on vehicle use. Anytime your
oil is changed, reset the system so it can calculate when
the next oil change is required. If a situation occurs where
you change your oil prior to a CHANGE ENGINE OIL
message in the Driver Information Center (DIC) being
turned on, reset the system.
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is necessary.
A CHANGE ENGINE OIL message in the Driver
Information Center (DIC) will come on. Change your oil
as soon as possible within the next two times you stop for
fuel. It is possible that, if you are driving under the best
conditions, the oil life system may not indicate that an oil
change is necessary for over a year. However, your
engine oil and filter must be changed at least once a year
and at this time the system must be reset. Your dealer
has GM-trained people who will perform this work using
genuine GM parts and reset the system. It is also
important to check your oil regularly and keep it at the
proper level.
After the oil has been changed, the CHANGE ENGINE
OIL message must be reset. To reset the message,
do the following:
1. Turn the key to the ON position without starting
the engine.
2. Press the INFO button on the Driver Information
Center (DIC) until ENGINE OIL LIFE is displayed.
3. Press and hold the INFO RESET button until 100%
ENGINE OIL LIFE is displayed. This resets the oil
life indicator.
4. Turn the key to OFF.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must
change your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your
last oil change. Remember to reset the oil life system
whenever the oil is changed.
5-18
If the CHANGE ENGINE OIL message comes back on
when you start your vehicle, the engine oil life system
has not reset. Repeat the procedure.
The percentage of oil life remaining may be checked at
any time by pressing the INFO button until ENGINE OIL
LIFE is displayed on the DIC. For more information on the
oil life indicator, see Oil Life Indicator on page 3-80.
What to Do with Used Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very long.
Clean your skin and nails with soap and water, or a
good hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of
clothing or rags containing used engine oil. See the
manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal of
oil products.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
location of engine air cleaner/filter.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it in
the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by taking it
to a place that collects used oil. If you have a problem
properly disposing of your used oil, ask your dealer, a
service station or a local recycling center for help.
When to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
Inspect the air cleaner/filter at every oil change and
replace at the first oil change after 25,000 miles
(40 000 km).
How to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
To inspect the air cleaner/filter, remove the filter from
the vehicle and lightly shake the filter to release
loose dust and dirt. If the filter remains caked with dirt,
a new filter is required.
5-19
To inspect or replace the filter, do the following:
1. Loosen and remove both wing screws on the top of
the engine air cleaner/filter cover.
2. Lift up the outboard side of the cover at an angle
while pulling toward you. This is necessary due to
the three tabs located on the rear of the cover.
5-20
3. Remove the engine air cleaner/filter element and
any loose debris that may be found in the air
cleaner base.
4. Replace the air filter element.
Follow these steps to reinstall the cover to the engine
air cleaner/filter housing:
1. Align the three tabs located on the back of the cover
with the three slots on the back of the housing.
2. Push the cover slightly down and towards the
engine to engage the tabs in the slots and align
the two wing screws.
3. Engage and tighten the two wing screws on the
top of the engine air cleaner/filter housing cover.
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
{CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned.
The air cleaner not only cleans the air, it helps
to stop flame if the engine backfires. If it is
not there and the engine backfires, you could
be burned. Do not drive with it off, and be
careful working on the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire
can cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can
easily get into your engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when you
are driving.
When to Check and Change
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
• In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90° F (32° C) or higher.
• In hilly or mountainous terrain.
• When doing frequent trailer towing.
• Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
• Use such as limousine service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require change until
the message CHANGE TRANS FLUID appears on
the Driver Information Center.
See Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
5-21
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at the dealership service
department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can damage the
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the fluid
could come out and fall on hot engine or exhaust
system parts, starting a fire. Too little fluid could
cause the transaxle to overheat. Be sure to get an
accurate reading if you check the transaxle fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
• When outside temperatures are above
90° F (32° C)
• At high speed for quite a while.
• In heavy traffic – especially in hot weather.
• While pulling a trailer.
5-22
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180° F to 200° F
(82° C to 93° C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above
50° F (10° C). If it is colder than 50° F (10° C), you may
have to drive longer.
Checking the Fluid Level
Prepare you vehicle as follows:
• Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the engine
running.
• With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
• With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
• Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
The transaxle fluid cap is
located next to the radiator
hose and below the
engine air cleaner/filter
assembly on the driver’s
side of the vehicle.
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12
for more information
on location.
1. After removing the engine air cleaner/filter assembly
to reach the transaxle fluid cap, turn the cap
counterclockwise to remove. Pull out the dipstick
and wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. The fluid level must be in the
cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range,
push the dipstick back in all the way and turn
the handle clockwise. Reinstall the engine air
cleaner/filter assembly.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds, and
then pull it back out again.
5-23
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-12.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It does not take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Do not overfill.
Notice: Use of automatic transaxle fluid labeled
other than DEXRON®-III may damage your vehicle,
and the damages may not be covered by your
warranty. Always use DEXRON®-III labeled automatic
transaxle fluid.
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under How to Check.
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way and turn the handle
clockwise.
5-24
How to Reset the Transaxle Fluid
Indicator
After the transaxle fluid has been changed, the transaxle
fluid change indicator must be reset. To reset the
indicator, do the following:
1. Press the INFO button on the Driver Information
Center (DIC) until TRANS FLUID LIFE is displayed.
2. Press and hold the RESET button until 100%
is displayed. This resets the transaxle fluid change
indicator.
The percentage of transaxle fluid life remaining may be
checked at any time by pressing the INFO on the
DIC until the TRANS FLUID LIFE message appears.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add
only DEX-COOL® extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see Engine Overheating on
page 5-29.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
•
•
•
•
•
Giving freezing protection down to −34° F −37° C.
Give boiling protection up to 265° F (129° C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL®(silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
5-25
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOL® coolant which will not damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture,
you do not need to add anything else.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid such as alcohol, can boil before the
proper coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s
coolant warning system is set for the proper
coolant mixture. With plain water or the wrong
mixture, your engine could get too hot but
you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
5-26
Notice: If you use an improper coolant mixture,
your engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost would not be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
Notice: If you use the proper coolant, you do not
have to add extra inhibitors or additives which claim
to improve the system. These can be harmful.
Checking Coolant
{CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam
and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you
badly. Never turn the surge tank pressure
cap — even a little — when the engine and
radiator are hot.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the
FULL COLD mark, located on the side of the surge tank
that faces the engine.
The engine coolant surge tank is located toward the
rear of the engine compartment on the passenger’s
side of the vehicle. For more information on location,
see Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12.
5-27
{CAUTION:
If the CHECK COOLANT LEVEL message comes on
and stays on, it means you are low on engine coolant.
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
For more information see DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-62.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure the arrow
lines up with the tube.
Adding Coolant
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
engine is cool.
5-28
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly installed,
coolant loss and possible engine damage may
occur. Be sure the cap is properly and tightly
secured.
Engine Overheating
You will find an ENGINE COOLANT HOT, IDLE
ENGINE message or an ENGINE OVERHEATED,
STOP ENGINE message displayed in the Driver
Information Center (DIC). You will also hear a chime.
There is also an engine temperature warning light and/or
gage on the instrument panel cluster. See Engine
Coolant Temperature Warning Light on page 3-51 and
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on page 3-51.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
If an overheated engine condition exists and the
message ENGINE OVERHEATED, STOP ENGINE is
displayed, an overheat protection mode which alternates
firing groups of cylinders helps prevent engine damage.
In this mode, you will notice a loss in power and
engine performance. This operating mode allows your
vehicle to be driven to a safe place in an emergency;
you may drive up to 50 miles (80 km). Driving extended
miles (km) and/or towing a trailer in the overheat
protection mode should be avoided.
Notice: After driving in the overheated engine
protection operating mode, to avoid engine damage,
allow the engine to cool before attempting any repair.
The engine oil will be severely degraded. Repair the
cause of coolant loss, change the oil and reset the
oil life system. See Engine Oil on page 5-14.
5-29
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
(Continued)
everyone away from the vehicle until it cools
down. Wait until there is no sign of steam or
coolant before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or others could be badly burned. Stop
your engine if it overheats, and get out of the
vehicle until the engine is cool.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” under Engine Overheating on page 5-29
for information on driving to a safe place in an
emergency.
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn
you badly, even if you just open the hood.
Stay away from the engine if you see or hear
steam coming from it. Just turn it off and get
CAUTION:
5-30
(Continued)
Notice: If your engine catches fire because you
keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can
be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” under Engine
Overheating on page 5-29 for information on driving
to a safe place in an emergency.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your
Engine
An overheat warning, along with a low coolant message,
can indicate a serious problem. See DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 3-62.
If you get an engine overheat warning with no low
coolant message, but see or hear no steam, the problem
may not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can
get a little too hot when you:
•
•
•
•
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in NEUTRAL (N)
while stopped. If it safe to do so, pull of the road,
shift to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and let the
engine idle.
2. Set the temperature control to the highest heat
setting and open the windows, as necessary.
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning does not come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there is still no sign of steam, idle the engine for
three minutes while you are parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of
the vehicle until it cools down. Also, see “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” listed previously in
this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
5-31
Cooling System
When you decide it is safe to lift the hood, here is what
you will see:
{CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood
can start up even when the engine is not
running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
do not do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
A. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
5-32
A low coolant level should be indicated by a CHECK
COOLANT LEVEL message on the Driver Information
Center. If it is, you may have a leak at the pressure cap
or in the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water
pump or somewhere else in the cooling system.
{CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Do not touch them.
If you do, you can be burned.
Do not run the engine if there is a leak. If you
run the engine, it could lose all coolant. That
could cause an engine fire, and you could be
burned. Get any leak fixed before you drive the
vehicle.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check
to see if the electric engine cooling fans are running.
If the engine is overheating, both fans should be
running. If they are not, your vehicle needs service.
Notice: Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant is not covered by your warranty.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” in the Index for information on driving to a
safe place in an emergency.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL®(silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you have not found a problem yet, check to see if
coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant is visible
but the coolant level is not at the proper level 4.5 inches
(11.4 cm) below the top of the filler neck), add a
50/50 of clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant
at the coolant surge tank, but be sure the cooling
system, including the coolant surge tank pressure cap,
is cool before you do it. See Engine Coolant on
page 5-25 for more information.
5-33
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add coolant as
follows:
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the coolant
surge tank pressure cap — even a little — they
can come out at high speed. Never turn the
cap when the cooling system, including the
coolant surge tank pressure cap, is hot. Wait
for the cooling system and coolant surge tank
pressure cap to cool if you ever have to turn
the pressure cap.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will.
CAUTION:
5-34
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for
the proper coolant mixture. With plain water or
the wrong mixture, your engine could get too
hot but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface. You can
remove the coolant surge tank pressure cap
when the cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap and upper radiator hose,
is no longer hot. Turn the pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise (left) until it first stops. Do
not press down while turning the pressure cap.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
5-35
2. Then keep turning the cap, but now push down as
you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.
5-36
3. Then fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture to the full cold fill mark on the side of
the coolant surge tank.
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off, start
the engine and let it run until you can feel the upper
radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fans.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mixture to the coolant surge tank
until the level reaches about 4.5 inches (11.4 cm)
from the top of the filler neck.
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the arrow
on the pressure cap lines up like this.
Start the engine and allow it to warm up. If the CHECK
COOLANT LEVEL message does not appear on the
Driver Information Center, coolant is at the proper
fill level. If a CHECK COOLANT LEVEL message does
appear, repeat Steps 1 to 3 and reinstall the pressure
cap or see your dealer.
5-37
Power Steering Fluid
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The power steering fluid reservoir is located next to the
underhood fuse block on the passenger’s side of the
vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
5-38
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark.
If necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the
level up to the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
Windshield Washer Fluid
Open the cap with the washer symbol on it. Add washer
fluid until the tank is full.
What to Use
Notice:
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
The CHECK WASHER FLUID message will be
displayed on the Driver Information Center (DIC) when
the fluid is low.
The windshield washer
fluid reservoir is located
in front of the underhood
fuse block on the
passenger’s side of
the vehicle.
• When using concentrated washer fluid, follow
the manufacturer’s instructions for adding
water.
• Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid.
Water can cause the solution to freeze and
damage your washer fluid tank and other parts
of the washer system. Also, water does not
clean as well as washer fluid.
• Fill your washer fluid tank only three-quarters
full when it is very cold. This allows for
expansion if freezing occurs, which could
damage the tank if it is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in your
windshield washer. It can damage your washer
system and paint.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
reservoir location.
5-39
Brakes
Brake Fluid
leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you should have
your brake system fixed, since a leak means that sooner
or later your brakes will not work well, or will not work
at all.
So, it is not a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you will have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
{CAUTION:
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is filled with DOT-3
brake fluid. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for the location of the reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level
in the reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake
fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal
brake lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid
level goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is
5-40
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
If the ignition is in ON and the brake fluid is low, the
CHECK BRAKE FLUID message will be displayed in the
DIC. See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-62.
What to Add
Brake Wear
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container only.
See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep dirt
from entering the reservoir.
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are
worn and new pads are needed. The sound may come
and go or be heard all the time your vehicle is moving
(except when you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes will not work well. That could lead
to an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake
system parts. For example, just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in your
brake system can damage brake system parts so
badly that they will have to be replaced. Do not
let someone put in the wrong kind of fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted
surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged.
Be careful not to spill brake fluid on your
vehicle. If you do, wash it off immediately.
See Appearance Care on page 5-90.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out brake
pads could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in
the proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
5-41
Brake Pedal Travel
Battery
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in
pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelco® battery. When it is time for a new battery,
get one that has the replacement number shown
on the original battery’s label. We recommend an
ACDelco® battery.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake parts.
When you replace parts of your braking system — for
example, when your brake linings wear down and you
need new ones put in — be sure you get new approved
replacement parts. If you do not, your brakes may no
longer work properly. For example, if someone puts in
brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance
between your front and rear brakes can change — for the
worse. The braking performance you have come to
expect can change in many other ways if someone puts
in the wrong replacement brake parts.
5-42
The battery is located under the rear seat cushion.
To access the battery, see “Removing the Rear Seat
Cushion”. You do not need to access the battery to jump
start your vehicle. See Jump Starting on page 5-44.
{CAUTION:
A battery that is not properly vented can let
sulfuric acid fumes into the area under the rear
seat cushion. These fumes can damage your
rear seat safety belt systems. You may not
beable to see this damage, and the safety belts
might not provide the protection needed in a
crash. If a replacement battery is ever needed,
it must be vented in the same manner as the
original battery. Always make sure that the
vent hose is properly reattached before
reinstalling the seat cushion.
To be sure the vent hose (A) is properly attached, the
vent hose connectors (B) must be securely reattached to
the vent outlets (C) on each side of the battery, and
the vent assembly grommet (D) must be secured to the
floor pan (E).
5-43
Vehicle Storage
Jump Starting
If you are not going to drive you vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (−) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
If you cannot start your vehicle and you are unable to
remove your key from the ignition, see “Shift Lock
Release” under Automatic Transaxle Operation on
page 2-29.
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
are not careful. See Jump Starting on page 5-44
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Be sure to follow the steps below to do it safely.
{CAUTION:
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your
vehicle for longer storage periods.
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to burn you.
Also, for your audio system, see Theft-Deterrent
Feature on page 3-105.
If you do not follow these steps exactly, some or
all of these things can hurt you.
5-44
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to your vehicle that would not be covered
by your warranty.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling it
will not work, and it could damage your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a 12-volt
system with a negative ground, both vehicles can
be damaged. Only use vehicles with 12-volt systems
with negative grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles are not touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you do not want. You would not be able
to start your vehicle and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved
in the jump start procedure. Put an automatic
transaxle in PARK (P) or a manual transaxle in
NEUTRAL before setting the parking brake.
Notice: If you leave your radio or other accessories
on during the jump starting procedure, they could
be damaged. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Always turn off your radio and
other accessories when jump starting your vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or in the accessory power outlets. Turn off
the radio and all lamps that are not needed. This will
avoid sparks and help save both batteries. And it
could save your radio!
5-45
4. Open the hoods and locate the positive (+) and
negative (−) terminal locations on the other
vehicle. Your vehicle has a remote positive (+) jump
starting terminal and a remote negative (−) jump
starting terminal.
The remote positive (+)
terminal is located in the
engine compartment
on the passenger’s side of
the vehicle. A second
remote positive (+) terminal
is located on the rear
underseat fuse block.
Lift the red plastic cap to
access the terminal.
The remote negative (−) terminal is located near
the power steering fluid reservoir. It is marked
“GND (−).” See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
You will not see the battery of your vehicle under
the hood. It is located under the rear passenger’s
seat. You will not need to access the battery
for jump starting. The remote positive (+) terminal
is for that purpose.
5-46
{CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing
this, and some have been blinded. Use a
flashlight if you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You do
not need to add water to the ACDelco® battery
installed in your new vehicle. But if a battery
has filler caps, be sure the right amount of fluid
is there. If it is low, add water to take care of
that first. If you do not, explosive gas could be
present.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Do not get it on you. If you accidentally get it
in your eyes or on your skin, flush the place
with water and get medical help immediately.
{CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure
you badly. Keep your hands away from moving
parts once the engine is running.
5. Check that the jumper cables do not have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a
shock. The vehicles could also be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one. Negative (−) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Do not connect positive (+) to the negative (−) or
you will get a short that would damage the battery
and maybe other parts, too. And do not connect
the negative (−) cable to negative (−) terminal on the
dead battery because this can cause sparks.
6. Connect the red
positive (+) cable to the
remote positive (+)
terminal location on the
vehicle with the dead
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
5-47
7. Do not let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal location of the
vehicle with the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black
negative (−) cable to
the negative (−)
terminal location of
the vehicle with the
good battery. Use a
remote negative (−)
terminal if the vehicle
has one.
Do not let the other end of the cable touch anything
until the next step. The other end of the negative (−)
cable does not go to the dead battery. It goes to
a heavy, unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal on the vehicle with the dead
battery.
9. Connect the other end
of the negative (−) cable
to the negative (−)
terminal location on the
vehicle with the dead
battery. Your vehicle
has a remote
negative (−) terminal
marked GND (−).
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery. If it
will not start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
5-48
Notice: If the jumper cables are removed in the
wrong order, electrical shorting may occur and
damage the vehicle. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Remove the jumper
cables in the correct order, making sure that the
cables do not touch each other or other metal.
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles,
do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the other
vehicle.
5. Return the remote positive (+) terminal cover to its
original position.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and Remote
Negative (−) Terminals
C. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or Remote
Negative (−) Terminal (GND)
5-49
Headlamp Aiming
Notice: To make sure your headlamps are aimed
properly, read all the instructions before beginning.
Failure to follow these instructions could cause
damage to headlamp parts.
The vehicle should be properly prepared as follows:
• The vehicle should be placed so the headlamps are
25 ft. (7.6 m) from a light colored wall or other flat
surface.
• The vehicle must have all four tires on a perfectly
level surface which is level all the way to the wall
or other flat surface.
• The vehicle should be placed so it is perpendicular
Your vehicle has a visual optical headlamp aiming system
equipped with horizontal aim indicators. The aim has
been preset at the factory and should need no further
adjustment. This is true even though your horizontal aim
indicators may not fall exactly on the “0” (zero) marks on
their scales.
If your vehicle is damaged in an accident, the headlamp
aim may be affected. Aim adjustment to the low beam
may be necessary if it is difficult to see lane markers
(for horizontal aim), or if oncoming drivers flash
their high beams at you (for vertical aim). If you believe
your headlamps need to be re-aimed, we recommend
that you take your vehicle to your dealer for service.
However, it is possible for you to re-aim your headlamps
as described in the following procedure.
5-50
to the wall or other flat surface.
• The vehicle should not have any snow, ice or mud
attached to it.
• The vehicle should be fully assembled and all other
work stopped while headlamp aiming is being done.
• The vehicle should be normally loaded with a
full tank of fuel and one person or 160 lbs. (75 kg)
on the driver’s seat.
• Tires should be properly inflated.
Headlamp aiming is done with the vehicle low-beam
lamps. The high-beam lamps will be correctly aimed if
the low-beam lamps are aimed properly.
The headlamp aiming devices are under the hood near
the headlamps.
Headlamp Horizontal Aiming
Turn the horizontal aiming screw (A) until the
indicator (B) is lined up with zero.
If you believe your headlamps need horizontal (left/right)
adjustment, follow the horizontal aiming procedure.
If you believe your headlamps need only vertical
(up/down) adjustment, follow only the vertical aiming
procedure.
Once the horizontal aim is adjusted, then adjust the
vertical aim.
Adjustment screws can be turned with an E8 Torx®
socket or T15 Torx® screwdriver.
5-51
Headlamp Vertical Aiming
Notice: Horizontal aiming must be performed
before making any adjustments to the vertical aim.
Adjusting the vertical aim first will result in an
incorrect headlamp aim.
1. Find the aim dot on the lens of the low beam
lamps.
5-52
2. Measure the distance from the ground to the aim
dot on each lamp; if left low beam, subtract two
inches. Record this distance.
3. At the wall or other flat surface, measure from the
ground upward the recorded distance from Step 2
and draw or tape a horizontal line the width of
the vehicle.
4. Turn on the low-beam headlamps and place a
piece of cardboard or equivalent in front of the
headlamp not being aimed. This should allow only
the beam of light from the headlamp being
aimed to be seen on the flat surface.
Notice: Do not cover a headlamp to improve beam
cut-off when aiming. Covering a headlamp may
cause excessive heat build-up which may cause
damage to the headlamp.
5. Turn the vertical aiming screw (C) until the
headlamp beam is aimed to the horizontal tape line.
The top edge of the cut-off should be positioned
at the bottom edge of the horizontal tape line.
6. Repeat Steps 4 and 5
for the opposite
headlamp.
5-53
Bulb Replacement
For the proper type of replacement bulb, see
Replacement Bulbs on page 5-58.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
Halogen Bulbs
Headlamps
1. Remove all of the
push-pins that hold the
filler panel cover in
place by pressing in the
center of each pin
and then pulling up on
the outer circle.
{CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
2. Remove the two bolts at the top of the headlamp
assembly.
5-54
3. Loosen the bolt at the bottom of the headlamp
assembly.
4. Use a tool to help pry the headlamp assembly away
from the vehicle.
5. Firmly grasp the outboard side of the headlamp
assembly with both hands and pull hard enough
so that the whole assembly separates from
the vehicle.
5-55
6. Remove the bulb
socket dust cover.
7. Turn the headlamp
housing socket
counterclockwise to
unlock the socket from
the lamp housing.
8. Pull the old bulb out of
the socket.
9. Install the new bulb into the socket. Make sure that
the bulb is locked in firmly.
10. Reinstall the headlamp housing socket into the
headlamp assembly.
11. Reinstall the headlamp assembly by reversing
Steps 2 through 6.
5-56
To reinstall the filler panel, do the following:
1. Place the filler panel in the correct location.
2. Reset each push-pin by holding each by the outer
circle while pushing up on the pin assembly from
below. The center portion of the push-pin should
now be above the outer circle.
3. After placing each push-pin into the opening, press
down on the outer circle until it is seated against
the surface of the filler panel.
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker,
Parking and Cornering Lamps
1. The turn signal lamps are located beside the
headlamp bulbs. To access, lift off the bulb
socket dust cover. See Steps 1 through 6 under
Headlamps on page 5-54.
4. Lock each push-pin in place by pressing the center
of each down until it is level with the outer circle.
Use care not to press down so far that the push-pin
releases again.
2. Press the tab down and turn the housing socket
clockwise to unlock the socket from the lamp
housing.
5-57
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
(CHMSL)
It is recommended that this component be replaced as
a unit. See your dealer.
Taillamps, Turn Signal, and
Stoplamps
It is recommended that this component be replaced as
a unit. See your dealer.
Replacement Bulbs
3. Remove the turn signal lamp housing socket and
replace the bulb.
4. Reverse Steps 1 and 2 to reinstall.
For any bulb not listed here, contact your dealer.
Lamp
Cornering Lamps
3157
Front Turn Signal
3157
Headlamps, Composite
Lower High Beam
Upper Low Beam
5-58
Bulb Number
9005
9006
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected each time
maintenance is performed. See “Wiper Blade Check”
under Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
It is a good idea to clean or replace the wiper blade
assembly on a regular basis or when worn. For proper
windshield wiper blade length and type, see Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts on page 6-13.
To replace the wiper blade assembly, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY and turn the
wipers on. Position the wipers on the windshield
in the mid-wipe position. Then with a door
open, turn the ignition to OFF.
2. Tip the blade up almost to a T position and push
down on the tab to release the wiper blade
assembly.
3. To install, align the wiper blade with the loop on the
wiper blade assembly, and push up to snap it into
place.
5-59
Tires
CAUTION:
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your GM Warranty booklet for details. For additional
information refer to the tire manufacturer’s booklet
included with your vehicle’s Owner’s Manual.
• Underinflated tires pose the same danger
•
{CAUTION:
• Poorly maintained and improperly used
tires are dangerous.
• Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out and a
serious accident. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
•
as overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be cut,
punctured or broken by a sudden
impact— such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If
your tread is badly worn, or if your tires
have been damaged, replace them. See
“Inflation – Tire Pressure” in this section
for inflation pressure adjustment for higher
speed driving.
(Continued)
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is molded into its
sidewall. The examples below show a typical passenger
car tire and a compact spare tire sidewall.
5-60
(A) Tire Size: The tire size code is a combination
of letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction type and
service description. See the “Tire Size” illustration
later in this section for more detail.
(B) Tire Performance Criteria Specification
(TPC Spec): Original equipment tires designed to
GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a
TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all federal
safety guidelines.
(C) Department of Transportation (DOT): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code indicates that
the tire is in compliance with the U.S. Department of
Transportation Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters and
numbers following DOT code are the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer
and plant code, tire size, and date the tire was
manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both sides of
the tire, although only one side may have the date
of manufacture.
Passenger Car Tire Example
5-61
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number of
plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to grade tires based on
three performance factors: treadwear, traction and
temperature resistance. For more information see
Uniform Tire Quality Grading on page 5-74.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit: Maximum
load that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load. For more information on
recommended tire pressure see Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-68 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
Compact Spare Tire Example
5-62
(A) Temporary Use Only: The compact spare tire or
temporary use tire has a tread life of approximately
3,000 miles (5 000 km) and should not be driven
at speeds over 65 mph (105 km/h). The compact spare
tire is for emergency use when a regular road tire
has lost air and gone flat. See Compact Spare Tire on
page 5-89 and If a Tire Goes Flat on page 5-78.
(E) Tire Inflation: The temporary use tire or compact
spare tire should be inflated to 60 psi (420 kPa).
For more information on tire pressure and inflation
see Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-68.
(B) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number of
plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(F) Tire Size: A combination of letters and numbers
define a tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction
type and service description. The letter “T” as the
first character in the tire size means the tire is for
temporary use only.
(C) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The Tire
Identification Number (TIN). The TIN shows the
manufacturer and plant code, tire size, and date the
tire was manufactured. The TIN is molded onto
both sides of the tire, although only one side may have
the date of manufacture.
(G) Tire Performance Criteria Specification
(TPC Spec): Original equipment tires designed to
GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a
TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all federal
safety guidelines.
(D) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit: Maximum
load that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load. See Compact Spare Tire
on page 5-89 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
5-63
Tire Size
The following illustration shows an example of a typical
passenger car tire size.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that indicates the
tire height-to-width measurements. For example, if
the tire size aspect ratio is “70,” as shown in item “C” of
the illustration, it would mean that the tire’s sidewall
is 70% as high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire. The letter
“R” means radial ply construction; the letter “D” means
diagonal or bias ply construction; and the letter “B”
means belted-bias ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in inches.
(A) P-Metric Tire: The United States version of a
metric tire sizing system. The letter “P” as the
first character in the tire size means a passenger
vehicle tire engineered to standards set by the U. S.
Tire and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates the
tire section width in millimeters from sidewall to sidewall.
5-64
(F) Service Description: These characters represent
the load range and the speed rating of a tire. The load
range represents the load carrying capacity a tire is
certified to carry. The load index can range from
1 to 279. The speed rating is the maximum speed a tire
is certified to carry a load. Speed ratings range from
“A” to “Z”.
Tire Terminology and Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire pressing
outward on each square inch of the tire. Air pressure
is expressed in pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascal (kPa).
Accessory Weight: This means the combined weight
of optional accessories. Some examples of optional
accessories are, automatic transmission, power steering,
power brakes, power windows, power seats, and air
conditioning.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height to
its width.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is located
between the plies and the tread. Cords may be made
from steel or other reinforcing materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped by
steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies are
laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Cold Inflation Pressure: The amount of air pressure in
a tire, measured in pounds per square inch (psi) before a
tire has built up heat from driving. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 5-68.
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor
vehicle with standard and optional equipment including
the maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant, but
without passengers and cargo.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall of a
tire signifying that the tire is in compliance with the
U.S. Department of Transportation motor vehicle safety
standards. The DOT code includes the Tire Identification
Number (TIN), an alphanumeric designator which can
also identify the tire manufacturer, production plant,
brand and date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating, see Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the front
axle, see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the rear axle,
see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
5-65
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire that must always face outward when
mounted on a vehicle.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating positions.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on light duty
trucks and some multipurpose passenger vehicles.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of a asymmetrical
tire that has a particular side that faces outward
when mounted on a vehicle. The side of the tire that
contains a whitewall, bears white lettering or bears
manufacturer, brand and or model name molding that
is higher or deeper than the same moldings on the other
sidewall of the tire.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging from
1 to 279 that corresponds to the load carrying capacity
of a tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on passenger
cars and some light duty trucks and multipurpose
vehicles.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated. The
maximum air pressure is molded onto the sidewall.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation pressure and
shown on the tire placard. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-68 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
There are 6.9 kPa’s to one psi.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire at the
maximum permissible inflation pressure for that tire.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of curb
weight; accessory weight; vehicle capacity weight;
and production options weight.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of occupants a
vehicle is designed to seat multiplied by 150 pounds
(68 kg). See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
5-66
Radial Ply tire: A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords
that extend to the beads are laid at 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which the tire
beads are seated.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread and
the bead.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned to a
tire indicating the maximum speed at which a tire
can operate.
Traction: The friction between the tire and the road
surface. The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into contact
with the road.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called “wear bars,” that show across the tread of a tire
when only 2/32 inch of tread remains. See When It
Is Time for New Tires on page 5-72.
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of designated
seating positions multiplied by 150 lbs. (68 kg) plus
the rated cargo load. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-33.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory weight,
occupant weight and cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached to a
vehicle showing the original equipment tire size
and recommended inflation pressure. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-33.
UTQGS: Uniform Tire Quality Grading Standards, a tire
information system that provides consumers with
ratings for a tire’s traction, temperature and treadwear.
Ratings are determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings are molded
into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform Tire Quality
Grading on page 5-74.
5-67
Inflation - Tire Pressure
The Tire and Loading Information label, shows the
correct inflation pressures for your tires when they’re
cold. “Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at
least three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33 for more
information on the Tire and Loading Information label.
If you’ll be driving at high speeds (e.g., speeds of
100 mph (160 km/h) or higher), where it is legal, set the
cold inflation pressure to the maximum inflation
pressure shown on the tire sidewall, or to 38 psi
(265 kPa), whichever is lower. See the example below.
When you end this high-speed driving, return to the
cold inflation pressure shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label.
Example:
You’ll find maximum load and inflation pressure molded
on the tire’s sidewall, in small letters, near the rim
flange. It will read something like this: Maximum load
690 kg (1521 lbs) 300 kPa (44 psi) Max. Press.
For this example, you would set the inflation pressure
for high-speed driving at 38 psi (265 kPa).
5-68
Notice: Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation
or overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can get
the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Bad wear
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
•
•
•
•
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Do not forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Check tire inflation pressure when the tire is cold.
Cold means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem.
Press the tire gage firmly onto the valve to get a
pressure measurement. If the cold tire inflation pressure
matches the recommended pressure on the Tire and
Loading Information label, no further adjustment is
necessary. If the inflation pressure is low, add air until
you reach the recommended amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the
metal stem in the center of the tire valve. Recheck the
tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
Your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) that
sends tire pressure information to the Driver Information
Center (DIC). Using the DIC control buttons, the driver is
able to check tire pressure levels in all four road tires.
See Tire Pressure Monitor Operation on page 5-69 and
DIC Controls and Displays on page 3-60 for additional
information.
Tire Pressure Monitor Operation
The Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) system uses radio
and sensor technology to check tire pressure levels.
Sensors, mounted on each road wheel, transmit
tire pressure readings to a receiver located in the trunk.
Tire pressure status and tire pressure warnings are
shown on the Driver Information Center (DIC) display.
See Driver Information Center (DIC) on page 3-59,
for details regarding DIC controls and displays.
The system operates on a radio frequency subject to
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules and
with Industry and Science Canada.
5-69
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1)
this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry and
Science Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) this device may not cause
interference, and (2) this device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by anyone
other than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
If the TPM system detects low tire pressure, below
25 psi (172 kPa), or high tire pressure, above 38 psi
(262 kPa), a message, CHECK TIRE PRESSURE, will
appear on the Driver Information Center (DIC)
display. By pressing the INFO button, the DIC screen
will show which tire(s) has the low or high pressure
condition. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-68 for
information regarding correct tire inflation. If a tire is
low, you should stop as soon as possible and check all
your tires for damage. If a tire is flat, see If a Tire
Goes Flat on page 5-78.
5-70
Notice: Do not use a tire sealant if your vehicle is
equipped with Tire Pressure Monitors. The liquid
sealant can damage the tire pressure monitor
sensors.
Once a low or high tire pressure condition is detected,
the TPM system will display the CHECK TIRE
MESSAGE each time the engine is started, until the
tire(s) are set to the correct inflation pressure.
The Tire-Loading Information Label, which is located on
the rear edge of the driver’s door, shows the correct
inflation pressure for the tires on your vehicle.
The TPM system also allows the driver to check the air
pressure status of each road tire using the Driver
Information Center (DIC). Each tire’s air pressure will be
listed individually, in the following order: LF (left front
or driver’s side front tire), RF (right front or passenger’s
side front tire), RR (right rear or passenger’s side
rear tire) and LR (left rear or driver’s side rear tire). See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-68 for information
regarding correct tire inflation. Also, see Driver
Information Center (DIC) on page 3-59 for information on
the DIC controls and displays.
If the DIC display does not show tire pressures or the
SERVICE TPM SYSTEM message appears, see
your dealer for service. The TPM system may not work
properly while the compact spare tire is installed.
Anytime you replace one or more tires or rotate your
tires, the TPM system will need to be reset. A special
tool is needed to reset the sensor identification
codes. See your dealer for service.
Your vehicle was delivered from the factory with
aluminum valve stem caps. If you ever have to replace
the valve stem caps on your vehicle, you should
replace them with aluminum or plastic caps.
The TPM system can alert you about a low or high tire
pressure condition, but it does not replace normal
tire maintenance. See Tires on page 5-60.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles
(8 000 to 13 000 km).
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires as
soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also
check for damaged tires or wheels. See When It Is Time
for New Tires on page 5-72 and Wheel Replacement
on page 5-75 for more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation
is the most important. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4 for scheduled rotation intervals.
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire and
Loading Information label.
Vehicles equipped with the Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system will need to have the sensors reset after a tire
rotation is performed. A special tool is needed to
reset the sensor identification codes. See your dealer
for service.
5-71
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly tightened.
See “Wheel Nut Torque” under Capacities and
Specifications on page 5-107.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
places where the wheel attaches to the vehicle.
In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use a
scraper or wire brush later, if you need to, to
get all the rust or dirt off. See “Changing a Flat
Tire” in the Index.
5-72
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged
deep enough to show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires your vehicle
needs, look at the tire and loading information label. For
more information about this label and its location on
your vehicle, see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-33.
{CAUTION:
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had a
Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
GM recommends that you get tires with that same TPC
Spec number. That way your vehicle will continue to have
tires that are designed to give proper endurance,
handling, speed rating, load range, traction, ride and
other things during normal service on your vehicle. If your
tires have an all-season tread design, the TPC number
will be followed by an “MS” (for mud and snow).
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control
while driving. If you mix tires of different sizes
or types (radial and bias-belted tires), the
vehicle may not handle properly, and you
could have a crash. Using tires of different
sizes may also cause damage to your vehicle.
Be sure to use the same size and type tires on
all wheels. It’s all right to drive with your
compact spare temporarily, it was developed
for use on your vehicle. See “Compact Spare
Tire” in the index.
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
{CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel
could fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only
radial-ply tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
5-73
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the
tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum
section width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1.5) times as well on the government course as
a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration, which grades tires by treadwear,
traction and temperature performance. (This applies only
to vehicles sold in the United States.) The grades are
molded on the sidewalls of most passenger car tires. The
Uniform Tire Quality Grading system does not apply to
deep tread, winter-type snow tires, space-saver or
temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm), or to some
limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
5-74
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature – A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation
of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified indoor
laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can
cause the material of the tire to degenerate and
reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a
level of performance which all passenger car tires must
meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the
wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced.
If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).
See your dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are
not needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted
the same way as the one it replaces.
5-75
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM
original equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to
have the right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose
air and make you lose control. You could have
a collision in which you or others could be
injured. Always use the correct wheel, wheel
bolts and wheel nuts for replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause problems
with bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper height,
vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire chain
clearance to the body and chassis.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 5-79 for more
information.
5-76
Used Replacement Wheels
{CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used
or how far it’s been driven. It could fail
suddenly and cause a crash. If you have to
replace a wheel, use a new GM original
equipment wheel.
Tire Chains
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If your vehicle has P235/55R17 size tires, don’t
use tire chains, there’s not enough clearance.
Tire chains used on a vehicle without the
proper amount of clearance can cause damage
to the brakes, suspension or other vehicle
parts. The area damaged by the tire chains
could cause you to lose control of your vehicle
and you or others may be injured in a crash.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Use another type of traction device only if its
manufacturer recommends it for use on your
vehicle and tire size combination and road
conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust or remove the
device if it’s contacting your vehicle, and don’t
spin your wheels.
If you do find traction devices that will fit,
install them on the front tires.
(Continued)
Notice: If your vehicle has a tire size other than
P235/55R17 size tires, use tire chains only where
legal and only when you must. Use only SAE Class
“S” type chains that are the proper size for your
tires. Install them on the front tires and tighten them
as tightly as possible with the ends securely
fastened. Drive slowly and follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear the
chains contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contact continues, slow down until
it stops. Driving too fast or spinning the wheels with
chains on will damage your vehicle.
5-77
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blowout” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use
in a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop, well off the road if possible.
5-78
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous without
the appropriate safety equipment and training.
The jack provided with your vehicle is
designed only for changing a flat tire. If it is
used for anything else, you or others could be
badly injured or killed if the vehicle slips off
the jack. Use the jack provided with your
vehicle only for changing a flat tire.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your
hazard warning flashers.
{CAUTION:
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The
vehicle can slip off the jack and roll over you
or other people. You and they could be badly
injured. Find a level place to change your tire.
To help prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
2. Set the parking brake firmly.
3. Turn off the engine and do not restart
while the vehicle is raised.
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
4. Do not allow passengers to remain in the
vehicle.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t
move, you can put blocks at the front and rear
of the tire farthest away from the one being
changed. That would be the tire on the other
side, at the opposite end of the vehicle.
5-79
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
2. Grab the handle and
remove the cover.
The equipment you will need is in the trunk.
Instructions for changing your tires are on the inside of
the tire cover located in your trunk.
To gain access to the instructions, spare tire and
jacking equipment, do the following:
1. Press the area at the
front of the handle
located on the cover so
that the back edge
raises.
3. Unscrew the wing nuts to remove the container that
holds the wrench and jack.
5-80
4. Remove the wheel wrench, jack and compact spare
tire from the trunk. See Compact Spare Tire on
page 5-89 for more information about the compact
spare tire.
Removing the Wheel Covers
Models with Center Wheel Cover
The tools you will be using include the jack (A) and the
wheel wrench (B).
For models having aluminum wheels with a center
wheel cover, use the flat end of the wheel wrench to
gently pry the wheel covers off. Be careful not to scratch
the aluminum wheel edge and do not try to remove it
with your hands.
For models having wheel nuts exposed, use the wheel
wrench to remove the wheel nut covers.
5-81
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire
1. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.
Do not remove them yet.
5-82
{CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
{CAUTION:
2. Find the jacking location from the diagrams above
and corresponding hoisting notches located in the
plastic molding. The front location is 8.5 inches
(21 cm) from the rear edge of the front wheel well,
and the rear location is 3.5 inches (8.5 cm) from
the front edge of the rear wheel well.
The notches may also be labeled “JACK” with an
arrow pointing to the jacking location on the vehicle.
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising the vehicle.
5-83
3. Turn the jack handle counterclockwise to lower the
jack lift head until the jack fits under the vehicle.
8. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces
and spare wheel.
4. Raise the jack until the metal flange fits firmly into
the channel of the jack head.
5. Put the compact spare tire near you.
{CAUTION:
6. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground for the compact spare tire to fit under the
vehicle.
7. Remove all wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
5-84
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
the places where the wheel attaches to the
vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth
or a paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if you need to, to
get all the rust or dirt off.
{CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If
you do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel
could fall off, causing a serious accident.
10. Put the wheel nuts back
on with the rounded
end of the nuts toward
the wheel. Tighten each
nut by hand until the
wheel is held against
the hub.
9. Place the compact
spare tire on the
wheel-mounting
surface.
5-85
12. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence as shown.
If your vehicle is equipped with wheel nut covers,
screw them on with your fingers, then tighten
one-quarter turn with the wheel wrench.
11. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
5-86
{CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to come loose
and even come off. This could lead to an
accident. Be sure to use the correct wheel
nuts. If you have to replace them, be sure to
get new GM original equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to the
proper torque specification. See “Capacities
and Specifications” in the Index for wheel nut
torque specification.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead
to brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification. See “Capacities and
Specifications” in the index for the wheel nut torque
specification.
Do not try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It will not fit. Store the wheel cover and lug nut
caps in the trunk until you have the flat tire repaired or
replaced.
Notice: Wheel covers will not fit on your compact
spare. If you try to put a wheel cover on the compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
5-87
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment could strike someone. Store
all these in the proper place.
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment could strike someone. Store
all these in the proper place.
After you have put the compact spare tire on your
vehicle, you will need to store the flat tire in your trunk.
Store the flat tire as far forward in the trunk as
possible. Store the jack and wheel wrench in their
compartment in the trunk. For storage, the jack must be
raised until the screw end is flush with the edge of
the jack.
5-88
The compact spare is for temporary use only. Replace
the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as soon
as you can. See the storage instructions label for
information on how to properly position and store the
compact spare tire.
Compact Spare Tire
A. Wrench
B. Jack
C. Jack Container
D. Retainer
E. Compact Spare
Tire Cover
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when
your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time. Check
the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make sure your
spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare is
made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph (105 km/h)
for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can
finish your trip and have your full-size tire repaired or
replaced where you want. Of course, it is best to replace
your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you can. Your
spare will last longer and be in good shape in case you
need it again.
Notice: When the compact spare is installed, don’t
take your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on the
rails. That can damage the tire and wheel, and maybe
other parts of your vehicle.
Do not use your compact spare on other vehicles. And do
not mix your compact spare tire or wheel with other
wheels or tires. They will not fit. Keep your spare tire and
its wheel together.
Notice: Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare.
Using them can damage your vehicle and can
damage the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
5-89
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flames if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed
space. When you use anything from a container to clean
your vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s
warnings and instructions. And always open your doors
or windows when you are cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Do not use any of these unless this manual says you
can. In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Benzene
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and
loose dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted
surfaces with a clean, damp cloth.
Naphtha
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet
Carbon Tetrachloride
Your dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric and
carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains very well.
Gasoline
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous — some more than
others — and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
5-90
You can get GM-approved cleaning products from your
dealer. See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on
page 5-97.
Here are some cleaning tips:
• Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
• Clean up stains as soon as you can – before
they set.
• Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
• Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often. A soft brush may be used if stains are
stubborn.
• If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean
the entire area immediately or it will set.
Using Cleaner on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any
loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
3. Follow the directions on the container label.
4. Apply cleaner with a clean sponge. Don’t saturate
the material and don’t rub it roughly.
5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a
sponge to remove any excess cleaner.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, water–dampened
towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine
and blood can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat
the area with a water/baking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Let dry.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to dry
completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
5-91
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
• Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do this more than once.
• Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and vinyl cleaner. See your dealer for this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let
the leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
• For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner.
• Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
• Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the finish,
it can harm the leather.
5-92
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument
Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones
or waxes may cause annoying reflections in the
windshield and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
Cleaning the Interior Plastic
Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft cloth
or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Cleaning Wood Panels
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy water (use
mild dish washing soap). Dry the wood immediately
with a clean cloth.
Cleaning the Speaker Covers
Care of Safety Belts
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently, so that the
speaker won’t be damaged. Clean spots with just water
and mild soap.
Keep belts clean and dry.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or a
liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass. See
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-97.
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when cleaning
glass surfaces on your vehicle, you could scratch
the glass and/or cause damage to the rear window
defogger and the integrated radio antenna. When
cleaning the glass on your vehicle, use only a soft
cloth and glass cleaner.
{CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate
protection. Clean safety belts only with mild
soap and lukewarm water.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
5-93
Cleaning the Outside of Your
Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it
clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Do not wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Do not use strong soaps
or chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer. See
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-97.
Do not use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on the
surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a soft,
clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid surface
scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
5-94
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the
paint finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See Vehicle Care/Appearance
Materials on page 5-97.
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish. The
clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may
damage it. Use only non-abrasive waxes and
polishes that are made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish on your vehicle.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc.,
can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain
on painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as
possible. If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that
are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove
foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a
period of years. You can help to keep the paint finish
looking new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a full-strength
glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads do
not form when you rinse it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by
wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Cleaning Aluminum or Chrome-Plated
Wheels
Your vehicle may be equipped with either aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Do not use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners,
cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes on
them because you could damage the surface. Do not
use chrome polish on aluminum wheels.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels, but
avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and buff off
immediately after application.
Do not take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicone carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
5-95
Cleaning Tires
Underbody Maintenance
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with tire cleaner.
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, corrosion and rust can develop on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the paint
finish and/or tires. When applying a tire dressing,
always wipe off any overspray from all painted
surfaces on your vehicle.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide the
corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the
finish should be repaired right away. Bare metal
will corrode quickly and may develop into major repair
expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials avaliable from your dealer. Larger areas of
finish damage can be corrected in your dealer’s
body and paint shop.
5-96
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close areas of
the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can
do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage can
take two forms: blotchy, ring-shaped discolorations, and
small, irregular dark spots etched into the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM will
repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
See your GM dealer for more information on purchasing
the following products.
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Description
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
(cont’d)
Description
Usage
Chrome and Wire Wheel
Cleaner
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Finish Enhancer
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants. Spray on
wipe off.
Swirl Remover Polish
Removes swirl marks,
fine scratches and other
light surface
contamination.
Usage
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Tar and Road Oil
Remover
Removes tar, road oil and
asphalt.
Chrome Cleaner and
Polish
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
White Sidewall Tire
Cleaner
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Cleaner Wax
Vinyl Cleaner
Cleans vinyl tops,
upholstery and
convertible tops.
Removes light scratches
and protects finish.
Foaming Tire Shine Low
Gloss
Glass Cleaner
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
Cleans, shines and
protects in one easy step,
no wiping necessary.
5-97
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
(cont’d)
Description
Usage
Wash Wax Concentrate
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans and
lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Spot Lifter
Quickly and easily
removes spots and stains
from carpets, vinyl and
cloth upholstery.
Odor Eliminator
Odorless spray odor
eliminator used on
fabrics, vinyl, leather and
carpet.
See your General Motors parts department for these
products. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-12.
Vehicle Identification
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on
the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
5-98
Service Parts Identification Label
Headlamp Wiring
You will find this label on the under side of the spare tire
cover in the trunk. It is very helpful if you ever need to
order parts. On this label is:
The headlamp wiring system has four individual fuses,
LF low, RF low, LF high and RF high. An electrical
overload will cause the lamps to go on and off, or in
some cases to remain off. If this happens, have
the headlamp wiring checked right away.
•
•
•
•
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
Windshield Wiper Fuses
a list of all production option and special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the
vehicle.
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker. If the wiper motor overheats due to
heavy snow, the wipers will stop until the motor cools
and will then restart.
Electrical System
A fuse powers the wiper motor. If the fuse blows, there
is an electrical problem. Be sure to have it fixed.
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Notice: Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle and
the damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and power
seats. When the current load is too heavy, the circuit
breaker opens and closes, protecting the circuit until the
problem is fixed or goes away.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to add anything electrical to your vehicle, see
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-57.
5-99
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit
breakers. This greatly reduces the chance of fires
caused by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical
size and rating. If a fuse should blow, see your dealer
for service immediately.
If you ever have a problem on the road and do not have
a spare fuse, you can “borrow” one that has the same
amperage. Pick some feature of your vehicle that
you can get along without – like the radio or cigarette
lighter – and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
The fuses are located in two fuse blocks, one located in
the engine compartment on the passenger’s side and
the other under the rear seat on the driver’s side.
If a fuse should blow, have your vehicle serviced by
your dealer immediately.
5-100
Underhood Fuse Block
The underhood fuse block
is located next to the
engine on the passenger’s
side of the vehicle. For
more information on
location, see Engine
Compartment Overview on
page 5-12.
To access the fuses, push in the two tabs located at
each end of the fuse block cover. Then lift the cover off.
Fuse 22 or 23 can be moved to the outer position to
enable the accessory power outlets or cigarette lighter
when the ignition is not on. See your dealer for
additional assistance, if needed.
Fuses
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Usage
Assembly Line Diagnostic Work
Accessory
Windshield Wipers
Not Used
Headlamp Low Beam Left
Headlamp Low Beam Right
Instrument Panel
Powertrain Control Module Battery
Headlamp High Beam Right
Headlamp High Beam Left
Ignition 1
Fog Lamps
Transmission
Fuses
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
42
43
44
45
46
47
Usage
Cruise Control
Coil Module
Injector Bank #2
Not Used
Not Used
Powertrain Control Module Ignition
Oxygen Sensor
Injector Bank #1
Cigar Lighter #2
Cigar Lighter #1
Daytime Running Lamps
Horn
Air Conditioner Clutch
Not Used
Not Used
Anti-Lock Brake System
Air Pump
Cooling Fan 1
Cooling Fan 2
5-101
Relays
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Circuit
Breakers
41
Usage
Headlamp High Beam
Headlamp Low Beam
Fog Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps
Horn
Air Conditioner Clutch
Not Used
Accessory
Not Used
Starter 1
Cooling Fan 1
Ignition 1
Cooling Fan Series/Parallel
Cooling Fan 2
Usage
Starter
The spare fuses are located in numbers 48 through 52.
The fuse puller is located in number 53.
5-102
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion
Notice: If you touch the exposed wires with
the metal on the seat cushion, you could cause a
short that could damage the battery and or
wires. Avoid contact between the rear seat and the
fuse center whenever you remove or reinstall
the rear seat. Do not remove covers from any of the
covered parts, and do not store anything under
the seats.
To remove the rear seat cushion, do the following:
1. Pull up on the front of the cushion to release the
front hooks.
2. Pull the cushion up and out toward the front of the
vehicle.
To reinstall the rear seat cushion, do the following:
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that isn’t properly routed through
the seat cushion or is twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. If the safetybelt
hasn’t been routed through the seat cushion at
all, it won’t be there to work for the next
passenger. The person sitting in that position
could be badly injured. After reinstalling the
seat cushion, always check to be sure that the
safety belts are properly routed and are not
twisted.
5-103
1. Buckle the center passenger position safety belt,
then route the safety belts through the proper slots
in the seat cushion. Do not let the safety belts
get twisted.
Rear Underseat Fuse Block
2. Slide the rear of the cushion up and under the
seatback so the rear-locating guides hook into
the wire loops on the back frame.
3. With the seat cushion lowered, push rearward and
then press down on the seat cushion until the
spring locks on both ends engage.
4. Check to make sure the safety belts are properly
routed and that no portion of any safety belt is
trapped under the seat. Also make sure the seat
cushion is secured.
The rear fuse block is located under the rear seat on
the driver’s side. The rear seat cushion must be
removed to access the rear fuse block. See Removing
the Rear Seat Cushion on page 5-102.
To access the fuse block, push in the two tabs located
at each end of the fuse block cover. Then lift the
cover off.
5-104
Fuses
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Usage
Fuel Pump
Heater, Ventilation and Air
Conditioning Battery
Memory Seat, Tilt and Telescoping
Steering
RR Lumbar, Antenna
Driver Door Module
Heated Seat Left Rear
Power Tilt and Telescoping Steering
Supplemental Inflation Restraint
SDAR (XM™ Satellite Radio)
Lamps Park Right
Fuel Tank Ventilation Solenoid
Fuses
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
Usage
Ignition 1
Interior Lamp Dimmer Module
Sunshade
Navigation
Heated Seat Left Front
Interior Lamps
Right Rear Door Module
Stoplamps
Park/Reverse
Audio
Retained Accessory Power for
Sunroof
Lamps, Parking Left
Night Vision
Passenger Door Module
Body
Export Lights, Power Locks
Rear HVAC Blower
Ignition Switch
Hazard Signal
Reverse, Locks
Continuous Variable Road Sensing
Suspension
Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning
5-105
Fuses
34
35
36
37
38
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
Relays
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
5-106
Usage
Ignition 3 Rear
Antilock Braking System
Heated Seat, Right Front
Heated Seat, Right Rear
Dimmer
Park Brake
Rear Defog
HVAC Blower
Audio Amplifier
ELC Compressor/Exhaust
Cigar Lighter
Not Used
Usage
Fuel Pump
Parking Lamps
Ignition 1
Park Brake A
Park Brake B
Park Shift Interlock
Reverse Lamps
Retained Accessory Power for
Sunroof
Relays
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
58
59
Usage
Reverse Lockout
Suspension Dampers
Ignition 3
Fuel Tank Door Release
Interior Lamps
Trunk Release
Not Used
Lock, Cylinder
Automatic Level Control Compressor
Cigar Lighter
Rear Defog
Circuit
Breakers
56
57
Usage
Power Seats
Power Windows
The spare fuses and fuse puller are located in the
underhood fuse block. See “Underhood Fuse Block”
listed previously under Fuses and Circuit Breakers
on page 5-100 for more information.
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. Please refer to Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12 for more information.
Engine Specifications
Engine
4.6 L DOHC V8
4.6 L DOHC V8
VIN Code
Y
DeVille,
DHS
9
DTS
Transaxle
Spark Plug Gap
Firing Order
Automatic
4T80 – E
0.050 inches
(1.3 mm)
1-2-7-3-4-5-6-8
Automatic
4T80 – E
0.050 inches
(1.3 mm)
1-2-7-3-4-5-6-8
Capacities and Specifications
Capacities
Application
English
Metric
Air Conditioning Refrigerant R134a
2.2 lbs
1.0 kg
Use Refrigerant Oil, R134a Systems
Cooling System
13.0 quarts
12.3 L
Engine Oil with Filter
7.5 quarts
7.1 L
Fuel Tank
18.5 gallons
70.0 L
Transaxle
15.0 quarts
14.2 L
Wheel Nut Torque
100 lb-ft
140 Y
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the approximate level as recommended in this
manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
5-107
✍ NOTES
5-108
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ......................................6-2
Introduction ...................................................6-2
Maintenance Requirements ..............................6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................6-2
Using Your Maintenance Schedule ....................6-3
Scheduled Maintenance ...................................6-4
Additional Required Services ............................6-6
Maintenance Footnotes ...................................6-7
Owner Checks and Services ............................6-9
At Each Fuel Fill ............................................6-9
At Least Once a Month ...................................6-9
At Least Once a Year ...................................6-10
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ...............6-12
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..........6-13
Engine Drive Belt Routing ..............................6-14
Maintenance Record .....................................6-15
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level and
change as recommended.
Maintenance Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections,
replacement parts and recommended fluids and
lubricants as prescribed in this manual are
necessary to keep your vehicle in good working
condition. Any damage caused by failure to follow
scheduled maintenance may not be covered by
warranty.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer
for details.
6-2
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance is
important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level of
emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good condition,
be sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your vehicle
in good working condition. But we do not know exactly
how you will drive it. You may drive very short distances
only a few times a week. Or you may drive long distances
all the time in very hot, dusty weather. You may use your
vehicle in making deliveries. Or you may drive it to work,
to do errands or in many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read
the following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good condition,
see your GM Goodwrench dealer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on the tire and
loading information label. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-33.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline Octane
on page 5-4.
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
should be performed when indicated. See Additional
Required Services on page 6-6 and Maintenance
Footnotes on page 6-7 for further information.
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you
can be seriously injured. Do your own
maintenance work only if you have the
required know-how and the proper tools and
equipment for the job. If you have any doubt,
see your GM Goodwrench dealer to have a
qualified technician do the work.
Some maintenance services can be complex. So,
unless you are technically qualified and have the
necessary equipment, you should have your GM
Goodwrench dealer do these jobs.
When you go to your GM Goodwrench dealer for your
service needs, you will know that GM-trained and
supported service technicians will perform the work
using genuine GM parts.
If you want to get service information, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-11.
6-3
Owner Checks and Services on page 6-9 tells you what
should be checked, when to check it and what you
can easily do to help keep your vehicle in good
condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids and lubricants to
use are listed in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-12 and Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts on page 6-13. When your vehicle is serviced,
make sure these are used. All parts should be replaced
and all necessary repairs done before you or anyone
else drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of
genuine GM parts.
Scheduled Maintenance
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL message in the Driver
Information Center (DIC) comes on, it means that service
is required for your vehicle. Have your vehicle serviced as
soon as possible within the next 600 miles (1 000 km). It
is possible that, if you are driving under the best
conditions, the engine oil life system may not indicate that
vehicle service is necessary for over a year. However,
your engine oil and filter must be changed at least once a
year and at this time the system must be reset. Your GM
Goodwrench dealer has GM-trained service technicians
who will perform this work using genuine GM parts and
reset the system.
6-4
If the engine oil life system is ever reset accidentally,
you must service your vehicle within 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) since your last service. Remember to reset
the oil life system whenever the oil is changed. See
Engine Oil on page 5-14 for information on the Engine
Oil Life System and resetting the system.
When the change engine oil message appears, certain
services, checks and inspections are required.
Required services are described in the following for
“Maintenance I” and “Maintenance II.” Generally,
it is recommended that your first service be
Maintenance I, your second service be Maintenance II
and that you alternate Maintenance I and Maintenance II
thereafter. However, in some cases, Maintenance II
may be required more often.
Maintenance I — Use Maintenance I if the change
engine oil message comes on within ten months since
vehicle was purchased or Maintenance II was
performed.
Maintenance II — Use Maintenance II if the previous
service performed was Maintenance I. Always use
Maintenance II whenever the message comes on ten
months or more since the last service or if the message
has not come on at all for one year.
Scheduled Maintenance
Service
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Change engine oil and filter. Reset oil life system. See Engine Oil on
page 5-14. An Emission Control Service.
•
•
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (k).
•
•
Inspect engine air cleaner filter. If necessary, replace filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-19. An Emission Control Service. See footnote †.
•
•
Rotate tires and check inflation pressures and wear. See Tires on page 5-60.
•
•
Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
•
•
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid as
needed.
•
•
Perform any needed additional services. See “Additional Required Services” in
this section.
•
•
Inspect suspension and steering components. See footnote (b).
•
Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
•
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
•
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
•
Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
•
Check transaxle fluid level and add fluid as needed.
•
Replace passenger compartment air filter. See footnote (g).
•
Inspect throttle system. See footnote (j).
•
6-5
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated miles
(kilometers) shown for each item.
Additional Required Services
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
125,000
(207 500)
150,000
(240 000)
Inspect fuel system for damage or
leaks.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect exhaust system for loose or
damaged components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Replace engine air cleaner filter.
See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on
page 5-19. An Emission Control
Service.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Throttle body service. An Emission
Control Service. See footnotes †
and (l).
•
•
•
•
•
•
Service
Change automatic transaxle fluid
and filter (severe service). See
footnote (h).
Replace spark plugs. An Emission
Control Service.
6-6
•
•
•
•
Additional Required Services (cont’d)
Service
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
125,000
(207 500)
150,000
(240 000)
Engine cooling system service (or
every 5 years, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (i).
•
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
•
Maintenance Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
(a) Visually inspect brake lines and hoses for proper
hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc. Inspect
disc brake pads for wear and rotors for surface
condition. Inspect other brake parts, including calipers,
parking brake, etc.
(b) Visually inspect front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose or missing parts or
signs of wear. Inspect power steering lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc.
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have them replaced if they
are cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace with genuine GM parts as
needed. To help ensure proper operation, a pressure test
of the cooling system and pressure cap and cleaning the
outside of the radiator and air conditioning condenser is
recommended at least once a year.
(d) Visually inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking.
Replace blade inserts that appear worn or damaged
or that streak or miss areas of the windshield.
6-7
(e) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages
are working properly. Look for any other loose or
damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything
that might keep a safety belt system from doing its
job, have it repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts
replaced. Also look for any opened or broken air bag
coverings, and have them repaired or replaced. (The air
bag system does not need regular maintenance.)
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders. Lubricate all hinges
and latches, including those for the hood, rear
compartment, glove box door and console door. More
frequent lubrication may be required when exposed to a
corrosive environment. Applying silicone grease on
weatherstrips with a clean cloth will make them
last longer, seal better and not stick or squeak.
(g) If you drive regularly under dusty conditions, the
filter may require replacement more often.
(h) If you do not use your vehicle under the following
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require chage until
the CHANGE TRANS FLUID message appears on
the Driver Information Center. Change automatic
transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
6-8
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
− Uses such as limousine service.
− Uses such as high performance operation.
(i) Drain, flush and refill cooling system. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-25 for what to use. Inspect hoses.
Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and filler neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap.
(j) Check throttle system for interference or binding and
for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any components that have high effort
or excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator or
cruise control cables.
(k) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could indicate a
problem. Have the system inspected and repaired
and the fluid level checked. Add fluid if needed.
(l) Inspect throttle body bore and valve plates for
deposits. Open the throttle valve and inspect all
surfaces. Clean as required.
Owner Checks and Services
Engine Coolant Level Check
These owner checks and services should be performed
at the intervals specified to help ensure the safety,
dependability and emission control performance of your
vehicle. Your GM Goodwrench dealer can assist you
with these checks and services.
Check the engine coolant level and add
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture if necessary. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-25 for further details.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield
washer tank and add the proper fluid if necessary.
At Least Once a Month
At Each Fuel Fill
Tire Inflation Check
It is important to perform these underhood checks at
each fuel fill.
Visually inspect your tires and make sure tires are
inflated to the correct pressures. Do not forget to check
your spare tire. See Tires on page 5-60 for further
details.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-14 for further
details.
Notice: It is important to check your oil regularly
and keep it at the proper level. Failure to keep your
engine oil at the proper level can cause damage
to your engine not covered by your warranty.
Cassette Tape Player Service
Clean cassette tape player. Cleaning should be done
every 50 hours of tape play. See Audio System(s)
on page 3-81 for further details.
6-9
At Least Once a Year
Starter Switch Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-35 if
necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to
turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, contact
your GM Goodwrench dealer for service.
6-10
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
System Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a level
surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking Brake
on page 2-35 if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately if
the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the ON position,
but do not start the engine. Without applying the
regular brake, try to move the shift lever out
of PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), contact your GM
Goodwrench dealer for service.
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to OFF in each shift lever position.
• The key should turn to OFF only when the shift lever
is in PARK (P).
• The key should come out only in OFF.
Contact your GM Goodwrench dealer if service is
required.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle
Park (P) Mechanism Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in
case it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle begin
to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular
brake pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the
parking brake only.
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift to PARK (P). Then
release the parking brake followed by the regular
brake.
Contact your GM Goodwrench dealer if service is
required.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
6-11
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part
number or specification may be obtained from your
dealer.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Engine oil which meets GM
Standard GM6094M and displays
the American Petroleum Institute
Certified for Gasoline Engines
Engine Oil
starburst symbol. To determine the
proper viscosity for your vehicle’s
engine, see Engine Oil on
page 5-14.
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and use only
Engine Coolant DEX-COOL®
Coolant. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-25.
Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
System
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Windshield
®
Washer Solvent GM Optikleen Washer Solvent.
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part No.
Parking Brake U.S. 12377985, in Canada
or lubricant meeting
Cable Guides 88901242)
requirements of NLGI #2, Category
LB or GC-LB.
6-12
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
GM
Power
Steering Fluid (GM Part
Power Steering No. U.S. 89021184,
in Canada
System
89021186).
Automatic
DEXRON®-IIII Automatic
Transaxle
Transmission Fluid.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
Key Lock
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Cylinders
Canada 10953474).
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol (GM
Secondary
Part No. U.S. 12346293, in Canada
Latch, Pivots, 992723) or lubricant meeting
Spring Anchor requirements of NLGI #2, Category
and Release LB or GC-LB.
Pawl
Lubricant, Superlube
Hood and Door Multi-Purpose
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Hinges
Canada 10953474).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM Part
No. U.S. 12345579, in Canada
992887).
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from your dealer.
Part
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter Element
Engine Oil Filter
Passenger Compartment Air Filter Element
Spark Plugs
Windshield Wiper Blade (Shepherd’s Hook Type)
22 inches (56.5 cm)
25099149
89017342
25689297
12571535
AC Delco® Part
Number
A1208C
PF61
—
41–987
12494780
—
GM Part Number
6-13
Engine Drive Belt Routing
6-14
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the service and the
type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on page 6-2 in this section.
Any additional information from Owner Checks and Services on page 6-9 can be added on the following record
pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
6-15
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
6-16
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance and Information
Customer Assistance and Information ...............7-2
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ......................7-2
Online Owner Center ......................................7-3
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users ...............................................7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ............................7-4
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ..................................................7-5
Roadside Service ...........................................7-6
Courtesy Transportation ...................................7-7
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data
Records .....................................................7-9
Reporting Safety Defects ................................7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States
Government ..............................................7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government ..............................................7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors .....7-11
Service Publications Ordering Information .........7-11
7-1
Customer Assistance and
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to
your dealer and to Cadillac. Normally, any concerns
with the sales transaction or the operation of your
vehicle will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or
the general manager.
7-2
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of dealership
management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Cadillac Customer Assistance Center, 24 hours
a day, by calling 1-800-458-8006. In Canada, contact
GM of Canada Customer Communication Centre
in Oshawa by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or
1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have
the following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number (This is available from
the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at the
top left of the instrument panel and visible through
the windshield.)
• Dealership name and location
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting Cadillac, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility. That
is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you
have a concern.
STEP THREE: Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you continue
to remain unsatisfied after following the procedure
outlined in Steps One and Two, you should file with the
BBB Auto Line Program to enforce any additional
rights you may have. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet for
information on the Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration
Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it and
proceed with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program using the
toll-free telephone number or write them at the following
address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue
its participation in this program.
Online Owner Center
The Owner Center is a resource for your GM ownership
needs. You can find your specific vehicle information
all in one place.
7-3
The Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific vehicle,
including tips and videos and an electronic
version of this owner’s manual. (United States only)
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history and
maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges only
available to members. (United States only)
Refer to the web for updated information.
To register your vehicle, visit www.MyGMLink.com.
(United States) or My GM Canada within
www.gmcanada.com (Canada).
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Cadillac has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing: 1-800-833-CMCC (2622).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
7-4
Customer Assistance Offices
Cadillac encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to
write to Cadillac, the letter should be addressed
to Cadillac’s Customer Assistance Center.
United States – Customer Assistance
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
1-800-458-8006
1-800-833-2622 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada – Customer Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Overseas – Customer Assistance
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and
Caribbean Islands/Countries (Except
Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) – Customer Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward eligible aftermarket
driver or passenger
adaptive equipment you
may require for your vehicle
(hand controls, wheelchair/
scooter lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The offer is available for
a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. For more details, or to determine your
vehicle’s eligibility, see your GM dealer or call the
GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935. Text
telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program. Call
1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details. All TTY users
call 1-800-263-3830.
7-5
Roadside Service
Cadillac’s exceptional Roadside Service is more than an
auto club or towing service. It provides every Cadillac
owner with the advantage of contacting a Cadillac advisor
and, where available, a Cadillac trained dealer technician
who can provide on-site service.
Each technician travels with a specially equipped service
vehicle complete with the necessary Cadillac parts and
tools required to handle most roadside repairs.
®
Cadillac Roadside Service can be reached by dialing
1-800-882-1112, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. This
service is provided at no charge for any warranty-covered
situation and for a nominal charge if the Cadillac is no
longer under warranty. Roadside Service is available only
in the United States and Canada.
Cadillac Owner Privileges™
Roadside Service provides several Cadillac Owner
Privileges™ at “no charge,” throughout your Cadillac
Warranty Period – 48 months/50,000 miles (80 000 km).
Emergency Road Service is performed on site for the
following situations:
•
•
•
•
7-6
Towing Service
Battery Jump Starting
Lock Out Assistance
Fuel Delivery
• Flat Tire Change (Covers change only)
• Trip Interruption – If your trip is interrupted due to a
warranty failure, incidental expenses may be
reimbursed during the 48 months/50,000 miles
(80 000 km) warranty period. Items covered
are hotel, meals and rental car.
Roadside Service Availability
Wherever you drive in the United States or Canada, an
advisor is available to assist you over the phone. A dealer
technician, if available, can travel to your location within a
30 mile (50 km) radius of a participating Cadillac
dealership. If beyond this radius, we will arrange to have
your car towed to the nearest Cadillac dealership.
Reaching Roadside Service
Dial the toll-free Roadside Service number:
1-800-882-1112. An experienced Roadside Service
Advisor will assist you and request the following
information:
• A description of the problem
• Name, home address, home telephone number
• Location of your Cadillac and number you are
calling from
• The model year, Vehicle Identification Number (VIN),
mileage and date of delivery
Roadside Service for the Hearing or
Speech Impaired
Roadside Service is prepared to assist owners who have
hearing difficulties or are speech impaired. Cadillac has
installed special telecommunication devices called Text
Telephone (TTY) in the Roadside Service Center.
Any customer who has access to a (TTY) or a
conventional teletypewriter can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing from the United States or Canada
1-888-889-2438 – daily, 24 hours.
Courtesy Transportation
Cadillac has always exemplified quality and value in its
offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your ownership
experience, we and our participating dealers are
proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to retail
purchase/lease customers in conjunction with the
Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation options
are available when warranty repairs are required. This will
reduce your inconvenience during warranty repairs.
Plan Ahead When Possible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you should
contact your dealer and request an appointment. By
scheduling a service appointment and advising your
service consultant of your transportation needs, your
dealer can help minimize your inconvenience.
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem is
safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership, let them
know this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle off
for service, you are urged to do so as early in the work
day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Cadillac helps
minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle service
to get you to your destination with minimal interruption of
your daily schedule. This includes a one way or round trip
shuttle service to a destination up to 10 miles from the
dealership.
7-7
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement (five days maximum) may be available
for the use of public transportation such as taxi or
bus. In addition, should you arrange transportation
through a friend or relative, reimbursement for
reasonable fuel expenses (five day maximum) may be
available. Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and
be supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Your dealer may arrange to provide you with a courtesy
rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental vehicle you
obtained if your vehicle is kept for a warranty repair.
Reimbursement will be limited to a maximum of $40 a day
and must be supported by receipts. This requires that you
sign and complete a rental agreement and meet state,
local and rental vehicle provider requirements.
Requirements vary and may include minimum age
requirements, insurance coverage, credit card, etc. You
are responsible for fuel usage charges and may also be
responsible for taxes, levies, usage fees, excessive
mileage or rental usage beyond the completion of the
repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as a
courtesy rental.
7-8
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period, but it is
not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. A
separate booklet entitled Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information furnished with each new vehicle
provides detailed warranty coverage information.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at participating
dealers and all program options, such as shuttle
service, may not be available at every dealer. Please
contact you dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during
the Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult
your dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at
any time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described
herein at its sole discretion.
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Records
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles, has a
number of sophisticated computer systems that monitor
and control several aspects of the vehicle’s performance.
Your vehicle uses on-board vehicle computers to monitor
emission control components to optimize fuel economy,
to monitor conditions for airbag deployment and, if so
equipped, to provide anti-lock braking and to help the
driver control the vehicle in difficult driving situations.
Some information may be stored during regular
operations to facilitate repair of detected malfunctions;
other information is stored only in a crash or near crash
event by computer systems commonly called event data
recorders (EDR).
In a crash or near crash event, computer systems, such
as the Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) in
your vehicle may record information about the condition
of the vehicle and how it was operated, such as engine
speed, brake applications, throttle position, vehicle
speed, seat belt usage, airbag readiness, airbag
performance data, and the severity of a collision. This
information has been used to improve vehicle crash
performance and may be used to improve crash
performance of future vehicles and driving safety. Unlike
the data recorders on many airplanes, these on-board
systems do not record sounds, such as conversation of
vehicle occupants.
To read this information, special equipment is needed
and access to the vehicle or the SDM is required.
GM will not access information about a crash event or
share it with others other than
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or, if the
vehicle is leased, with the consent of the lessee,
• in response to an official request of police or similar
government office,
• as part of GM’s defense of litigation through the
discovery process, or
• as required by law.
In addition, once GM collects or receives data, GM may
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where appropriate
confidentiality is to be maintained and need is
shown, or
• share summary data which is not tied to a specific
vehicle with non-GM organizations for research
purposes.
Others, such as law enforcement, may have access to
the special equipment that can read the information if
they have access to the vehicle or SDM.
If your vehicle is equipped with OnStar, please check the
OnStar subscription service agreement or manual for
information on its operations and data collection.
7-9
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to notifying
General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
7-10
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General Motors
of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Reporting Safety Defects to General
Motors
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in a
situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us.
Please call us at 1-800-458-8006, or write:
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments and specifications for GM
transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
General Motors of Canada Limited
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to
assist in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
In Canada, information pertaining to Product Service
Bulletins can be obtained by contacting your General
Motors dealer or by calling 1-800-GM-DRIVE
(1-800-463-7483).
Service Publications Ordering
Information
Service Manuals
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle, suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
7-11
Owner’s Information
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include
the Maintenance Schedule for all models.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
Owner’s Manual
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc. on the
World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
Or you can write to:
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Service Publications are available for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
Helm, Incorporated
P. O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are to make
checks payable in U.S. funds.
7-12
A
Accessory Power Outlets ................................. 3-29
Adding Washer Fluid ....................................... 5-39
Additional Program Information ........................... 7-8
Additives, Fuel ................................................. 5-6
Add-On Electrical Equipment ............................ 5-99
Adjusting the Speakers
(Balance/Fade) .................................... 3-84, 3-91
Air Bag
Readiness Light .......................................... 3-47
Air Bag Systems ............................................. 1-47
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? .................... 1-54
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle ......... 1-57
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? .................... 1-54
What Will You See After an Air Bag Inflates? ...... 1-55
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ................... 1-53
Where Are the Air Bags? .............................. 1-50
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ................................. 5-19
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) ...... 7-9
AM ............................................................. 3-106
Analog Cluster ................................................ 3-43
Antenna, Diversity Antenna System .................. 3-108
Antenna, XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ... 3-108
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) ............................ 4-7
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light .............. 3-49
Anti-Pinch Feature .......................................... 2-18
Appearance Care ............................................ 5-90
Care of Safety Belts .................................... 5-93
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................... 5-96
Appearance Care (cont.)
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle ................ 5-90
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle .............. 5-94
Finish Damage ............................................ 5-96
Sheet Metal Damage ................................... 5-96
Underbody Maintenance ............................... 5-96
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ................ 5-97
Weatherstrips .............................................. 5-93
Ashtrays ........................................................ 3-30
Assist Handles ............................................... 2-54
Audio System(s) ............................................. 3-81
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................... 3-105
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player ............... 3-106
Care of Your CD Player .............................. 3-108
Care of Your CDs ...................................... 3-107
Diversity Antenna System ............................ 3-108
Glovebox-Mounted CD Changer ................... 3-101
Navigation/Radio System ............................. 3-101
Radio Personalization with Home and Away
Feature ................................................. 3-104
Radio with Cassette and CD ......................... 3-89
Radio with CD ............................................ 3-82
Setting the Time for Radios with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) ........................................ 3-82
Setting the Time for Radios without Radio
Data Systems (RDS) ................................ 3-81
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................... 3-105
Understanding Radio Reception ................... 3-106
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ........... 3-108
1
Auto Exit Seat ................................................
Auto Exit Steering Wheel .................................
Automatic Level Control ...................................
Automatic Transaxle
Fluid ..........................................................
Operation ...................................................
3-72
3-72
4-38
5-21
2-29
B
Backing Up .................................................... 4-43
Battery .......................................................... 5-42
Battery Load Management ............................... 3-24
Battery Replacement ......................................... 2-7
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ......................... 4-23
Brake
Parking ...................................................... 2-35
System Warning and Parking Brake Indicator
Light ...................................................... 3-48
Brake Adjustment ............................................ 5-42
Brake Fluid .................................................... 5-40
Brake Pedal Travel ......................................... 5-42
Brake Wear ................................................... 5-41
Brakes .......................................................... 5-40
Braking ........................................................... 4-6
Braking in Emergencies ..................................... 4-8
Break-In, New Vehicle ..................................... 2-25
Bulb Replacement ........................................... 5-54
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) ........ 5-58
2
Bulb Replacement (cont.)
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker, Parking and
Cornering Lamps ......................................
Halogen Bulbs ............................................
Headlamp Aiming ........................................
Headlamps .................................................
Replacement Bulbs ......................................
Taillamps, Turn Signal, and Stoplamps ............
Buying New Tires ...........................................
5-57
5-54
5-50
5-54
5-58
5-58
5-73
C
Cadillac Owner Privileges™ ............................... 7-6
California Fuel .................................................. 5-5
Canada – Customer Assistance .......................... 7-5
Canadian Owners ................................................ ii
Capacities and Specifications .......................... 5-107
Carbon Monoxide ................... 4-27, 4-39, 2-12, 2-40
Care of
Safety Belts ................................................ 5-93
Your Cassette Tape Player .......................... 3-106
Your CD Player ......................................... 3-108
Your CDs ................................................. 3-107
Cassette Tape Messages ................................. 3-98
Cassette Tape Player Service ............................. 6-9
CD Changer, Glovebox-Mounted ...................... 3-101
CD Messages ............................. 3-88, 3-100, 3-103
Cellular Phone Usage .................................... 3-106
Cellular Telephone, Storage Area ......................
Center Console Storage Area ...........................
Center Flex Storage Unit .................................
Center Front Passenger Position, Safety Belts ....
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) ...........
Chains, Tires ..................................................
Charging System Light ....................................
Check
Engine Light ...............................................
Checking Coolant ............................................
Checking Engine Oil ........................................
Checking Things Under the Hood ......................
Checking Your Restraint Systems ......................
Chemical Paint Spotting ...................................
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ...............................
Infants and Young Children ...........................
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) ..........................
Older Children .............................................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
LATCH System ........................................
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Seat
Position ..................................................
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front
Seat Position ...........................................
Top Strap ...................................................
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................
Where to Put the Restraint ...........................
Cigarette Lighter .............................................
2-52
2-53
2-53
1-20
5-58
5-77
3-48
3-52
5-27
5-14
5-10
1-57
5-96
1-34
1-30
1-40
1-28
1-42
1-42
1-45
1-38
1-39
1-37
3-30
Cleaning
Inside of Your Vehicle ..................................
Outside of Your Vehicle ................................
Underbody Maintenance ...............................
Weatherstrips ..............................................
Cleaning Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels .....
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses .......................
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet ....................................
Cleaning Glass Surfaces ..................................
Cleaning Leather ............................................
Cleaning the Interior Plastic Components ...........
Cleaning the Mirror ................................. 2-42,
Cleaning the Speaker Covers ...........................
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel ...........
Cleaning Tires ................................................
Cleaning Vinyl ................................................
Cleaning Windshield and Wiper Blades ..............
Cleaning Wood Panels ....................................
Climate Control System
Air Filter, Passenger Compartment .................
Climate Controls Personalization ....................
Dual ..........................................................
Outlet Adjustment ........................................
Rear ..........................................................
Steering Wheel Controls ...............................
Comfort Controls, DIC Personalization ................
Compact Spare Tire ........................................
Compass Calibration .......................................
Compass Operation .........................................
Compass Variance ..........................................
5-90
5-94
5-96
5-93
5-95
5-94
5-90
5-93
5-92
5-92
2-44
5-93
5-92
5-96
5-92
5-95
5-92
3-38
3-40
3-31
3-35
3-36
3-40
3-69
5-89
2-42
2-42
2-43
3
Console Shift Lever ......................................... 2-37
Continuous Variable Road Sensing
Suspension (CVRSS) ................................... 4-10
Control of a Vehicle .......................................... 4-5
Convenience Net ............................................ 2-55
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ............................ 3-51
Engine Temperature Warning Light ................. 3-51
Heater, Engine ............................................ 2-28
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ............................. 5-28
Cooled Seats ................................................... 1-4
Cooling System .............................................. 5-32
Cornering Lamps ............................................ 3-19
Courtesy Lamps ............................................. 3-22
Cruise Control ................................................ 3-13
Cruise Control Light ........................................ 3-57
Current and Past Model Order Forms ................ 7-12
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation .................................. 7-7
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone (TTY)
Users ....................................................... 7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ........................... 7-4
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ..................... 7-2
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ................................................ 7-5
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors .... 7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government ............................................ 7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States
Government ............................................ 7-10
4
Customer Assistance Information (cont.)
Roadside Service .......................................... 7-6
Service Publications Ordering Information ........ 7-11
D
Daytime Running Lamps .................................. 3-17
Defensive Driving ............................................. 4-2
Defogging and Defrosting ................................. 3-34
Dinghy Towing ................................................ 4-32
Display Mode ................................................. 3-45
Diversity Antenna System ............................... 3-108
Doing Your Own Service Work ........................... 5-3
Dolly Towing .................................................. 4-33
Door
Central Door Unlocking System ..................... 2-10
Locks .......................................................... 2-9
Power Door Locks ....................................... 2-10
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-10
Rear Door Security Locks ............................. 2-11
Doors Lock in Gear ......................................... 3-75
Doors Unlock in PARK (P) ................................ 3-77
Doors Unlock Key Off ...................................... 3-78
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ..................................... 1-13
Driver Information Center (DIC) ......................... 3-59
Climate Controls and Radio System
Personalization ........................................ 3-69
DIC Controls and Displays ............................ 3-60
Driver Information Center (DIC) (cont.)
DIC Vehicle Personalization .......................... 3-70
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-62
Driver Unlock in PARK (P) ................................ 3-76
Driver Unlock Key Off ...................................... 3-77
Driver’s Name Set/Recall ................................. 3-80
Driving
At Night ..................................................... 4-16
City ........................................................... 4-21
Defensive ..................................................... 4-2
Drunken ....................................................... 4-2
Freeway ..................................................... 4-22
Hill and Mountain Roads .............................. 4-25
In Rain and on Wet Roads ........................... 4-18
Winter ........................................................ 4-27
Driving on Grades ........................................... 4-44
Driving on Snow or Ice .................................... 4-28
Driving Through Deep Standing Water ............... 4-20
Driving Through Flowing Water ......................... 4-20
Driving with a Trailer ....................................... 4-42
Dual Climate Control System ............................ 3-31
E
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ...................................... 5-99
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................... 5-100
Headlamp Wiring ......................................... 5-99
Power Windows and Other Power Options ...... 5-99
Electrical System (cont.)
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion ................ 5-102
Windshield Wiper Fuses ............................... 5-99
Emergency Trunk Release Handle ..................... 2-15
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs ................................................... 3-55
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ......................................... 5-19
Battery ....................................................... 5-42
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ............ 3-52
Coolant ...................................................... 5-25
Coolant Heater ............................................ 2-28
Coolant Temperature Gage ........................... 3-51
Coolant Temperature Warning Light ................ 3-51
Drive Belt Routing ....................................... 6-14
Engine Compartment Overview ...................... 5-12
Exhaust ..................................................... 2-40
Oil ............................................................. 5-14
Overheating ................................................ 5-29
Starting ...................................................... 2-27
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing .................. 4-45
Engine Oil Additives ........................................ 5-17
Engine Speed Limiter ...................................... 3-46
English/Metric Button ....................................... 3-45
Entering Feature Programming .......................... 3-70
Entry Lighting ................................................. 3-22
Erasing HomeLink® Buttons .............................. 2-51
Event Data Records (EDR) ................................ 7-9
Exiting Feature Programming ............................ 3-80
Express-Down Window .................................... 2-17
5
Express-Up Window ........................................
Extender, Safety Belt .......................................
Exterior Lamps ...............................................
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver ..........................
Exterior Lights at Unlock ..................................
2-17
1-27
3-16
3-21
3-75
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................... 5-19
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
(XM™ Only) ....................................... 3-84, 3-92
Finding a Station .................................... 3-83, 3-90
Finish Care .................................................... 5-94
Finish Damage ............................................... 5-96
Flash-To-Pass ................................................ 3-11
Flat Tire ........................................................ 5-78
Flat Tire, Changing ......................................... 5-79
Floor Mats ..................................................... 2-54
Fluid
Automatic Transaxle ..................................... 5-21
Power Steering ........................................... 5-38
Windshield Washer ...................................... 5-39
FM Stereo .................................................... 3-106
Fog Lamp Light .............................................. 3-56
Fog Lamps .................................................... 3-19
Following Distance .......................................... 4-43
Front Ashtray ................................................. 3-30
Front Storage Area ......................................... 2-52
6
Fuel ............................................................... 5-4
Additives ...................................................... 5-6
California Fuel .............................................. 5-5
Data Display ............................................... 3-59
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .................... 5-10
Filling Your Tank ........................................... 5-7
Fuels in Foreign Countries .............................. 5-6
Gage ......................................................... 3-57
Gasoline Octane ........................................... 5-4
Gasoline Specifications .................................. 5-5
Full Floor Console Storage Area ....................... 2-53
Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................... 5-100
Windshield Wiper ......................................... 5-99
G
Gage
Engine Coolant Temperature ......................... 3-51
Fuel .......................................................... 3-57
Speedometer .............................................. 3-44
Tachometer ................................................. 3-46
Garage Door Opener ....................................... 2-48
Garment Hooks .............................................. 2-54
Gasoline
Octane ........................................................ 5-4
Specifications ............................................... 5-5
Gate Operator and Canadian Programming ........ 2-51
Glove Box ..................................................... 2-52
Glovebox-Mounted CD Changer ...................... 3-101
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities .................................................... 7-5
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................... 3-6
Headlamp
Aiming ....................................................... 5-50
Horizontal Aiming ......................................... 5-51
Vertical Aiming ............................................ 5-52
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer ................... 3-10
Headlamp Wiring ............................................ 5-99
Headlamps .................................................... 5-54
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 5-54
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker, Parking and
Cornering Lamps ...................................... 5-57
Halogen Bulbs ............................................ 5-54
Heated Seats ............................................ 1-3, 1-4
Heated Steering Wheel ..................................... 3-9
Highway Hypnosis ........................................... 4-24
Hill and Mountain Roads .................................. 4-25
Hitches .......................................................... 4-42
HomeLink® Transmitter .................................... 2-48
HomeLink® Transmitter, Programming ................ 2-49
Hood
Checking Things Under ................................ 5-10
Release ..................................................... 5-11
Horn ............................................................... 3-7
Horn Sounds at Lock ...................................... 3-74
How the System Works ................................... 3-28
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Surge Tank ...... 5-33
How to Add Fluid ............................................ 5-24
How to Check ........................................ 5-22, 5-69
How to Check Power Steering Fluid .................. 5-38
How to Reset the Transaxle Fluid Indicator ......... 5-24
How to Use This Manual ...................................... ii
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................... 1-12
Hydroplaning .................................................. 4-19
I
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine .......... 5-31
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine ............... 5-30
If the Light Is Flashing ..................................... 3-53
If the Light Is On Steady ................................. 3-54
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard ......................... 4-29
If You Are Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ....... 4-30
If You Do Decide To Pull a Trailer ..................... 4-39
Ignition Positions ............................................. 2-26
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver ....................... 3-24
Infants and Young Children, Restraints ............... 1-30
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................... 5-68
Instrument Panel
Cluster ....................................................... 3-42
Overview ..................................................... 3-4
Storage Area .............................................. 2-52
7
Instrument Panel Brightness ............................. 3-22
Interior Lamps ................................................ 3-22
J
Jump Starting ................................................. 5-44
K
Key in Recall Memory ..................................... 3-71
Keyless Entry System ....................................... 2-5
Keys ............................................................... 2-3
L
Lamps
Exterior ......................................................
Interior .......................................................
Lamps on Reminder ........................................
Lap Belt ........................................................
Lap-Shoulder Belt ................................... 1-13,
LATCH System
Child Restraints ...........................................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
LATCH System ........................................
Leaving Your Vehicle .......................................
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine Running ...
8
3-16
3-22
3-17
1-20
1-22
1-40
1-42
2-12
2-38
Light
Air Bag Readiness ....................................... 3-47
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ................... 3-49
Brake System Warning and Parking Brake
Indicator ................................................. 3-48
Charging System ......................................... 3-48
Cruise Control ............................................. 3-57
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning ............. 3-51
Fog Lamp .................................................. 3-56
Lights On Reminder ..................................... 3-57
Malfunction Indicator .................................... 3-52
Oil Pressure ............................................... 3-55
Safety Belt Reminder ................................... 3-46
Security ..................................................... 3-56
TCS Warning Light ...................................... 3-50
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning .......... 3-50
Lighted Rear Vanity Mirror ................................ 2-19
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror ............................... 2-19
Lights Flash at Lock ........................................ 3-73
Lights Flash at Unlock ..................................... 3-73
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-33
Lockout Protection .......................................... 2-12
Locks
Central Door Unlocking System ..................... 2-10
Door ........................................................... 2-9
Leaving Your Vehicle .................................... 2-12
Lockout Protection ....................................... 2-12
Power Door ................................................ 2-10
Locks (cont.)
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-10
Rear Door Security Locks ............................. 2-11
Loss of Control ............................................... 4-15
Lumbar
Massaging Controls ....................................... 1-3
Power Controls ............................................. 1-2
Lumbar Controls, Rear Power ............................ 1-7
M
Magnetic Speed Variable Assist Steering System ... 4-11
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services ........................... 6-6
At Each Fuel Fill ........................................... 6-9
At Least Once a Month .................................. 6-9
At Least Once a Year .................................. 6-10
Introduction .................................................. 6-2
Maintenance Footnotes .................................. 6-7
Maintenance Record .................................... 6-15
Maintenance Requirements ............................. 6-2
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ......... 6-13
Owner Checks and Services ........................... 6-9
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ............. 6-12
Scheduled Maintenance ................................. 6-4
Using Your ................................................... 6-3
Your Vehicle and the Environment ................... 6-2
Maintenance When Trailer Towing ..................... 4-45
Making Turns ................................................. 4-43
Malfunction Indicator Light ................................ 3-52
Map Pocket ................................................... 2-54
Massaging Lumbar Controls ............................... 1-3
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle ............... 2-7
Memory Mirrors .............................................. 2-56
Memory Seat ................................................. 2-56
Memory Steering Wheel Controls ...................... 2-56
Message
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-62
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean Islands/
Countries (Except Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) – Customer Assistance ....................... 7-5
Mirror Operation ..................................... 2-41, 2-42
Mirror to Curb In Reverse ................................ 3-78
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview with OnStar® ..... 2-41
Automatic Dimming Rearview with OnStar®
and Compass .......................................... 2-42
Memory ..................................................... 2-56
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror ................. 2-45
Outside Convex Mirror ................................. 2-45
Outside Curb View Assist Mirror .................... 2-45
Outside Heated Mirrors ................................ 2-45
Outside Power Mirrors .................................. 2-44
MyGMLink.com ................................................ 7-3
9
N
Navigation/Radio System ................................ 3-101
New Vehicle Break-In ...................................... 2-25
Night Vision System ........................................ 3-24
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ............ 6-13
O
Odometer ...................................................... 3-44
Odometer, Trip ............................................... 3-44
Off-Road Recovery .......................................... 4-13
Oil
Engine ....................................................... 5-14
Life Indicator ............................................... 3-80
Pressure Light ............................................. 3-55
Older Children, Restraints ................................ 1-28
Online Owner Center ........................................ 7-3
OnStar® Personal Calling ................................. 2-47
OnStar® Services ............................................ 2-46
OnStar® Steering Wheel Controls ...................... 2-47
OnStar® System ............................................. 2-46
OnStar® Virtual Advisor .................................... 2-47
Other Warning Devices ...................................... 3-7
Outlet Adjustment ............................................ 3-35
Outside
Automatic Dimming Mirror ............................. 2-45
Convex Mirror ............................................. 2-45
Curb View Assist Mirror ................................ 2-45
Heated Mirrors ............................................ 2-45
10
Outside (cont.)
Power Mirrors ............................................. 2-44
Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode ... 5-29
Overseas – Customer Assistance ........................ 7-5
Owner Checks and Services .............................. 6-9
Owners, Canadian ............................................... ii
Owner’s Information ........................................ 7-12
P
Parade Dimming ............................................. 3-23
Park Aid ........................................................ 3-27
Park (P)
Shifting Into ................................................ 2-36
Shifting Out of ............................................ 2-39
Parking
Assist ........................................................ 3-27
Brake ........................................................ 2-35
Brake Indicator Light .................................... 3-48
Over Things That Burn ................................. 2-39
Parking on Hills .............................................. 4-44
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ..................... 3-38
Passing ................................................. 4-13, 4-43
PASS-Key® III ................................................ 2-23
PASS-Key® III Operation .................................. 2-23
Digital Cluster ................................................. 3-42
Performance Shifting (DTS Only) ....................... 2-33
Personalization, Climate Controls ...................... 3-40
Plan Ahead When Possible ................................ 7-7
Playing a Cassette Tape .................................. 3-97
Playing a CD ......................................... 3-87, 3-99
Playing the Radio ................................... 3-83, 3-90
Power
Accessory Outlets ........................................ 3-29
Door Locks ................................................. 2-10
Electrical System ......................................... 5-99
Lumbar Controls ........................................... 1-2
Rear Lumbar Controls .................................... 1-7
Seat ............................................................ 1-2
Steering Fluid ............................................. 5-38
Windows .................................................... 2-17
Power Steering ............................................... 4-11
Power Tilt Wheel and Telescopic Steering
Column ........................................................ 3-8
Pretensioners, Safety Belt ................................ 1-27
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ................. 2-10
Programming the HomeLink® Transmitter ........... 2-49
Q
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......... 1-12
R
Radio Data System (RDS) ............................... 3-89
Radios .......................................................... 3-81
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player ............... 3-106
Care of Your CD Player .............................. 3-108
Radios (cont.)
Care of Your CDs ...................................... 3-107
DIC Personalization ..................................... 3-69
Glovebox-Mounted CD Changer ................... 3-101
Navigation/Radio System ............................. 3-101
Radio Personalization with Home and Away
Feature ................................................. 3-104
Radio with Cassette and CD ......................... 3-89
Radio with CD ............................................ 3-82
Setting the Time for Radios with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) ........................................ 3-82
Setting the Time for Radios without Radio
Data Systems (RDS) ................................ 3-81
Theft-Deterrent .......................................... 3-105
Understanding Reception ............................ 3-106
Rainsense™ II Wipers ..................................... 3-12
RDS Messages .............................................. 3-93
Reaching Roadside Service ............................... 7-6
Reading Lamps .............................................. 3-23
Rear Ashtray .................................................. 3-30
Rear Climate Control System ............................ 3-36
Rear Door Security Locks ................................ 2-11
Rear Power Sunshade ..................................... 2-19
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ...................... 1-25
Rear Seat Pass Through ................................. 2-15
Rear Seat Passenger Positions ......................... 1-21
Rear Seat Passengers, Safety Belts .................. 1-21
Rear Storage Area .......................................... 2-55
Rear Storage Door Trim Armrest ....................... 2-55
Rear Underseat Fuse Block ............................ 5-104
11
Rear Window Defogger .................................... 3-35
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming with
OnStar® ..................................................... 2-41
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming with
OnStar® and Compass ................................. 2-42
Reclining Seatbacks .......................................... 1-5
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ................. 6-12
Recreational Vehicle Towing ............................. 4-32
Remote Keyless Entry System ............................ 2-5
Remote Keyless Entry System, Operation ............ 2-6
Remote Recall Memory ................................... 3-70
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire .................................................. 5-82
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ................... 5-80
Removing the Wheel Covers ............................ 5-81
Replacement Bulbs ......................................... 5-58
Replacing Brake System Parts .......................... 5-42
Replacing Restraint System Parts After a Crash ..... 1-58
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government .................................. 7-10
General Motors ........................................... 7-11
United States Government ............................ 7-10
Reprogramming a Single HomeLink® Button ....... 2-51
Resetting Defaults ........................................... 2-52
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems ................... 1-57
Replacing Restraint System Parts After a
Crash ..................................................... 1-58
Restraint Systems
Checking .................................................... 1-57
12
Restraint Systems (cont.)
Replacing Parts ........................................... 1-58
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ...................... 2-27
Right Front Passenger Position, Safety Belts ...... 1-20
Roadside
Service ........................................................ 7-6
Roadside Service Availability .............................. 7-6
Roadside Service for the Hearing or Speech
Impaired ...................................................... 7-7
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out ................... 4-31
Routing, Engine Drive Belt ............................... 6-14
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....... 2-40
S
Safety Belt
Pretensioners ..............................................
Reminder Light ............................................
Safety Belts
Care of ......................................................
Center Front Passenger Position ....................
Driver Position ............................................
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts .....
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults ......................................
Rear Seat Passengers .................................
Right Front Passenger Position ......................
Safety Belt Extender ....................................
1-27
3-46
5-93
1-20
1-13
1-12
1-12
1-25
1-21
1-20
1-27
Safety Belts (cont.)
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ................. 1-19
Safety Belts Are for Everyone ......................... 1-7
Safety Chains ................................................. 4-42
Safety Warnings and Symbols .............................. iii
Scheduled Maintenance ..................................... 6-4
Seats
Heated and Cooled Seats .............................. 1-4
Heated Seats ............................................... 1-3
Massaging Lumbar ........................................ 1-3
Memory ..................................................... 2-56
Power Lumbar .............................................. 1-2
Power Lumbar, Rear ...................................... 1-7
Power Seats ................................................. 1-2
Reclining Seatbacks ...................................... 1-5
Securing a Child Restraint
Designed for the LATCH System ................... 1-42
Rear Seat Position ...................................... 1-42
Right Front Seat Position .............................. 1-45
Security Light ................................................. 3-56
Sensors ......................................................... 3-34
Service ........................................................... 5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your
Vehicle ..................................................... 5-4
Doing Your Own Work ................................... 5-3
Engine Soon Light ....................................... 3-52
Publications Ordering Information ................... 7-11
Service Bulletins ............................................. 7-11
Service Engine Soon Light in the United States
or Check Engine Light in Canada .................. 3-52
Service Manuals ............................................. 7-11
Setting Preset Stations ............................ 3-83, 3-91
Setting the Time
Radios with Radio Data Systems (RDS) ......... 3-82
Radios without Radio Data Systems (RDS) ..... 3-81
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble) .................. 3-84, 3-91
Sheet Metal Damage ....................................... 5-96
Shift Lock Release .......................................... 2-33
Shifting Into Park (P) ....................................... 2-36
Shifting Out of Park (P) ................................... 2-39
Skidding ........................................................ 4-15
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips ....................... 4-20
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems ..................... 5-91
Specifications, Capacities ............................... 5-107
Speedometer .................................................. 3-44
Starting Your Engine ....................................... 2-27
Steering ........................................................ 4-11
Steering Column Shift Lever ............................. 2-36
Steering in Emergencies .................................. 4-12
Steering Tips .................................................. 4-11
Steering Wheel Comfort Controls ...................... 3-40
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio ....................... 3-105
Steering Wheel Controls, Memory ..................... 2-56
Steering Wheel, Heated ..................................... 3-9
Storage
Garment Hooks ........................................... 2-54
Storage Areas
Cellular Telephone ....................................... 2-52
Center Console Storage Area ........................ 2-53
Center Flex Storage Unit .............................. 2-53
13
Storage Areas (cont.)
Convenience Net .........................................
Front Storage Area ......................................
Full Floor Console Storage Area ....................
Glove Box ..................................................
Instrument Panel Storage Area ......................
Map Pocket ................................................
Rear Storage Area .......................................
Rear Storage Door Trim Armrest ....................
Umbrella Holder ..........................................
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools ..........................
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools .......................
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ......................
Sun Visors .....................................................
Sunroof .........................................................
2-55
2-52
2-53
2-52
2-52
2-54
2-55
2-55
2-54
5-88
5-88
4-30
2-19
2-55
T
Tachometer .................................................... 3-46
Taillamps
Turn Signal, and Stoplamps .......................... 5-58
TCS Warning Light .......................................... 3-50
Testing the Alarm ............................................ 2-22
Theft-Deterrent, Radio .................................... 3-105
Theft-Deterrent Systems ................................... 2-20
PASS-Key® III ............................................. 2-23
PASS-Key® III Operation .............................. 2-23
Tilt Wheel ........................................................ 3-7
Tire Inflation Check ........................................... 6-9
14
Tire Pressure Display ......................................
Tire Sidewall Labeling ......................................
Tire Size .......................................................
Tire Terminology and Definitions ........................
Tires .............................................................
Buying New Tires ........................................
Chains .......................................................
Changing a Flat Tire ....................................
Compact Spare Tire .....................................
If a Tire Goes Flat .......................................
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................
Inspection and Rotation ................................
Pressure Monitor Operation ...........................
Uniform Tire Quality Grading .........................
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance .................
Wheel Replacement .....................................
When It Is Time for New Tires ......................
Windshield Washer .........................................
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater ....................
Top Strap ......................................................
Top Strap Anchor Location ...............................
Torque Lock ...................................................
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires ..................
Towing
Recreational Vehicle .....................................
Towing a Trailer ..........................................
Your Vehicle ...............................................
Traction
Continuous Variable Road Sensing
Suspension (CVRSS) ................................
3-79
5-60
5-64
5-65
5-60
5-73
5-77
5-79
5-89
5-78
5-68
5-71
5-69
5-74
5-75
5-75
5-72
3-13
2-28
1-38
1-39
2-38
4-41
4-32
4-39
4-31
4-10
Traction (cont.)
Control System (TCS) .................................... 4-9
Control System Warning Light ....................... 3-50
Trailer Brakes ................................................. 4-42
Transaxle
Fluid, Automatic ........................................... 5-21
Transaxle Operation, Automatic ......................... 2-29
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer Case Unit
Repair Manual ............................................ 7-11
Transportation Options ...................................... 7-7
Trip Computer
Oil Life Indicator .......................................... 3-80
Trip Odometer ................................................ 3-44
Trunk ............................................................ 2-12
Trunk Lid Tie Down ......................................... 2-13
Trunk Lock Release ........................................ 2-13
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ......................... 3-10
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ........................... 3-9
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer .................. 4-43
Twilight Sentinel® ............................................ 3-20
U
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) ............... 3-27
Umbrella Holder .............................................. 2-54
Underhood Fuse Block ................................... 5-100
Understanding Radio Reception ....................... 3-106
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ............................ 5-74
United States – Customer Assistance .................. 7-4
Used Replacement Wheels .............................. 5-76
Using Cleaner on Fabric .................................. 5-91
Using Digital Signal Processing (DSP) ............... 3-92
Using HomeLink® ........................................... 2-51
V
Valet Lockout Switch ....................................... 2-22
Vehicle
Control ........................................................ 4-5
Damage Warnings ........................................... iv
Loading ...................................................... 4-33
Symbols ......................................................... iv
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data Records ..... 7-9
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ............................................. 5-98
Service Parts Identification Label ................... 5-99
Vehicle Personalization
DIC ........................................................... 3-70
Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel ...... 2-56
Vehicle Speed Limiter ...................................... 3-45
Vehicle Storage .............................................. 5-44
Ventilation Adjustment ...................................... 3-35
Visors ........................................................... 2-19
15
W
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ................ 3-41
Warnings
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-62
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................... 3-6
Other Warning Devices .................................. 3-7
Safety and Symbols ......................................... iii
Vehicle Damage .............................................. iv
Washing Your Vehicle ...................................... 5-94
Weather Band .............................................. 3-106
Weight of the Trailer ........................................ 4-40
Weight of the Trailer Tongue ............................. 4-41
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use ........................ 5-16
What to Do with Used Oil ................................ 5-19
What to Use .................................. 5-26, 5-38, 5-39
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance .......................... 5-75
Replacement ............................................... 5-75
When to Add Engine Oil .................................. 5-15
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System) ................................... 5-18
When to Check .............................................. 5-69
When to Check and Change ............................ 5-21
When to Check Power Steering Fluid ................ 5-38
When You Are Ready to Leave After Parking on
a Hill ......................................................... 4-45
16
Where to Put the Restraint ............................... 1-37
Why Safety Belts Work ..................................... 1-9
Window Lockout ............................................. 2-18
Windows ....................................................... 2-16
Power ........................................................ 2-17
Windshield Washer
Fluid .......................................................... 5-39
Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement ...................................... 5-59
Fuses ........................................................ 5-99
Windshield Wipers .......................................... 3-11
Winter Driving ................................................ 4-27
Wiper-Activated Headlamps .............................. 3-17
X
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System .............. 3-108
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States) .......... 3-82, 3-89, 3-106
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................... 6-2
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