Stratix V External Memory Interfaces Pin Planning February 28, 2012 Public

Stratix V External Memory Interfaces Pin Planning February 28, 2012 Public
Stratix V External Memory
Interfaces Pin Planning
February 28, 2012
© 2011 Altera Corporation—Public
Disclaimer

All pictures and examples in this presentation are for
illustration purpose only! The actual number and location of
resources should be extracted from the Altera official
documentation for the specific Device being used

Timing characteristics are preliminary and pending silicon
characterization of production devices

This presentation does not fully describe PLL, DLL, or I/Os
functionalities

This presentation specifically focuses on Stratix V External
Memory Interface (EMIF) hardware as it pertains to pin
planning
© 2011 Altera Corporation—Public
2
Agenda

EMIF dedicated hardware

Resource sharing hardware

Dedicated hardware limitations

Guideline tables
© 2011 Altera Corporation—Public
3
Why Guidelines?

Pin Placement for EMIF is limited by the availability of dedicated
hardware on the periphery

Some guidelines are mandatory and cannot be violated as they
would result in a no-fit error
These guidelines use the word ―MUST‖

Some guidelines are not mandatory but strongly recommended and
disregarding them might result in timing violations
These guidelines use the term ―Strong SHOULD‖

Some guidelines are recommendations and if violated the
implementation is legal but timing will be degraded
These guidelines use the word ―SHOULD‖
© 2011 Altera Corporation—Public
4
EMIF Dedicated Hardware

When planning for EMIF pin placement in Stratix V, the
following hardware resources must be kept into account
I/O pins
I/O sub-banks
DQS logic and groups
Leveling blocks
Core clocks
Interface type, width, and
placement dependent
PHY Clock Tree
PLL
DLL
OCT calibration block
Independent of interface type
© 2011 Altera Corporation—Public
5
Hardware Resource Sharing

The following resources can be shared only across multiple compatible Interfaces
I/O sub-banks and leveling blocks
OCT calibration block
User must explicitly set the interfaces to master and slave modes
PLL
in the IP.
DLL
PHY clock tree
Core clocks

Compatible interfaces for PLL/DLL sharing
Same type
 e.g. DDR2, QDRII, etc...
Same internal clock rate
 e.g. Full Rate, Half Rate, etc...
Same interface clock rate
 e.g. 533 MHz
Same PLL input clock rate
 e.g. 100 MHz reference clock
Same phase requirements
 e.g. Additional core-to-periphery clock phase: 45°
© 2011 Altera Corporation—Public
6
I/O Sub-Bank and Leveling Blocks

I/O sub-banks and leveling blocks limitations
Each sub-bank contains
 One leveling block e.g. sub-banks 8A, 8B, and 8C each has 1 leveling block
 I/O pins organized into DQS groups
Each leveling block
 Generates delayed (PVT compensated) versions of the source clock (e.g. 0°,
45°, 90°)
 Distributes output clocks to I/Os in the whole Sub-Bank
 Can be connected to only one of the PHY clock trees (center, left, or right)
available
DLL
PLL
* Stratix V UniPHY uses the PHY clock tree.
There’s no option to use core clock
© 2011 Altera Corporation—Public
7
PLL & PHY Clock Tree

PLL and PHY clock tree limitations
Each PLL can drive only one PHY clock tree
Each PHY clock tree can reach one device edge
 Each leveling block in a sub-bank can only access on PHY clock tree
Figure below illustrates the top and bottom edges of 5SGXAx and 5SGSDx
devices
 Each side contains three PLL’s only connect to one PHY clock tree
PLL
Sub-Bank
…
Sub-Bank
Sub-Bank
Center
PLL
…
Sub-Bank
PLL
Center PHY clock tree
Left PHY clock tree
Right PHY clock tree
© 2011 Altera Corporation—Public
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DLL

DLL limitations
Stratix V has 4 DLLs
DLLs are available in the corners of a device
Each DLL can serve the 2 adjacent sides
Maximum number of incompatible interfaces on each side of a device is
2
DLL can be shared without sharing PLLs
 DLL is clocked by PLL hence their frequencies must be the same
© 2011 Altera Corporation—Public
9
OCT Calibration Block

Stratix V has 4 OCT calibration blocks in the corners of a device

Each calibration block can connect to any sub-bank on any side of
the device

Each sub-bank can connect to only one OCT calibration block

OCT calibration blocks can be shared by multiple interfaces provided
that they have the same
Series/Parallel Termination
Sub-bank voltage
© 2011 Altera Corporation—Public
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MUST NOT split interfaces between top
and bottom sides
Any
All
Due to PLL/DLL limitations
MUST NOT place pins from separate
interfaces in the same I/O sub-banks
unless sharing resources
Any
All
All pins require access to the same
leveling block
MUST -> Strong Should(1) place all CK,
CK#, address, control, and command pins
of an interface in the same I/O sub-bank –
this guideline is not enforced in QII
> 800 MHz
All
Strong SHOULD(1) place all CK, CK#,
address, control, and command pins of an
interface in the same I/O sub-bank– this
guideline is not enforced in QII
800 MHz
All
For optimum timing, clock and data
output paths should share as much
hardware as possible. e.g. for write
data pins the best timing is achieved
through DQS Groups.
SHOULD(1) place all CK, CK#, address,
control, and command pins of an interface
in the same I/O sub-bank– this guideline
is not enforced in QII
< 800 MHz
All
(1) DDR3 RESET pin may be placed in a separate sub bank.
© 2011 Altera Corporation—Public
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MUST avoid using I/Os at the device
corners (i.e. sub-bank ―A‖)
> 800 MHz
A7
Strong SHOULD avoid using I/Os at the
device corners (i.e. sub-bank ―A‖)
800 MHz
A7
SHOULD avoid using I/Os at the device
corners (i.e. sub-bank ―A‖)
< 800 MHz
A7
SHOULD place the data strobe pins such
that all data groups of the same interface
are next to each other – do not span
across the center PLL
Any
All
SHOULD place CK, CK#, address,
control, and command pins in the same
quadrant as data groups for improved
timing in general
Any
All
SHOULD place the data strobe pins such
that all data groups of the same interface
are next to each other – do not span
across the center PLL
Any
All
© 2011 Altera Corporation—Public
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Due to extra delay to reach the subbanks in the corners
To ease core timing closure; if pins
are too far apart then core logic is
placed apart which results in difficult
timing closure
To ease core timing closure; if pins
are too far apart then core logic is
placed apart which results in difficult
timing closure
MUST NOT share the same PLL input
reference clock
unless the interfaces share PLL/DLL
resources
Any
All
Because sharing the same PLL input
reference clock forces the same PLL
to be used. Each PLL can drive only
one PHY clock tree and interfaces not
sharing a PLL can’t share one PHY
clock tree.
Strong SHOULD use center PLL
ensure that the PLL input reference clock
pin is placed at a location that can drive
the center PLL
>= 800 MHz
All
Strong SHOULD place pins in the same
quadrant as the PLL
if center PLL is not accessible
>= 800 MHZ
All
Using a non-center PLL hence a noncenter PHY clock tree to drive a subbank in the opposite quadrant is not
recommended due to long PHY clock
tree delay
SHOULD use the center PLL for a wide
interface that must straddle across center
PLL
>= 800 MHz
All
SHOULD avoid straddling an interface
across the center PLL
Any
All
© 2011 Altera Corporation—Public
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Straddling PLL results in timing
degradation because it increases the
length of the PHY clock tree hence
generates higher jitter
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