Buick | 1994 Century | Owner`s manual | Buick 1994 Century Owner`s manual

- Century
A-
Y
The 1994 Buick Century
Owner's Manual
Litho in USA
Part No. 25609658 B First Edition
'Copyright General Motors Corporation 1993
All Rights Reserved
1
We support voluntary
technician certification.
U
GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the GM Emblem,
Buick, and the Buick Emblem areregistered trademarks
of General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time without further notice. For
vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Buick Motor
Division whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your Buick, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the new
owner can use it.
2
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
Narlonal Instatute for
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux proprietaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous procurer
un exemplaire de ceguide en francais chez votre
concessionaire ou au DGN Marketing Services Ltd.,
1500 Bonhill Rd., Mississauga, Ontario L5T lC7.
P
Buick Motor Division
provides one of the most dramatic
and important chapters in the history
of the American automobile
3
“valve-in-head” engine, a light, powerful and reliable
engine which would eventually influence the entire
automotive industry.
William C. Durant was instrumental in promoting
Buicks across the country using his Durant-Dort
Carriage Co. outlets and salespeople as the nucleus of a
giant distribution system. He knew the Buick as a
“self-seller”. If automobiles could be this good, he
thought, maybe it was time to switch from the horse and
buggy business to automobiles.
At the 1905, New York
Auto Show, Durant took
orders for 1,000 Buicks
before the company had
built 40. On Buick’s
success, Durant created a
holding company,
September 16, 1908. He
called it General Motors.
Walter Marr and Thomas Buick
Buick’s chief engineer, Walter L. Marr (left), and
Thomas D. Buick, son of founder David Dunbar Buick,
drove the first Flint Buick in a successful Flint-Detroit
round trip in July 1904.
David Buick was building gasoline engines by 1899,
and Marr, his engineer, apparently built the first auto to
be called a Buick in 1900. However, Buick traditionally
dates its beginnings to 1903. That was the year the
company was reorganized, refinanced and moved from
Detroit to Flint. Buick has always been a product
innovator. Buick engineers developed the
4
William C. (Billy)Durant
Durant also created a racing team that won 500 racing
trophies in 1909 and 1910, including successes at
Indianapolis two years before the Indy 500 began.
The success of Buick engines was visible not only on
the race track, but in endurance tests across the country
and around the world. Buick was the only car to
complete a 1,000-mile Chicago-to-New York race in
1906. And a Buick was the first car to travel across
South America, driven from Buenos Aires, Argentina,
over the Andes to Santiago, Chile in 19 14.
Buick drew plenty of attention becauseit could climb
hills and run through mud like no other car. Buick’s
endurance and reliability were world famous.
During World War I, Buick built Liberty aircraft engines
as well as Red Cross ambulances so successful that one
Buick ambulance was awarded the Croix de Guerre by
the French government.
As a builder of premier automobiles, Buick was hard hit
by the Great Depression. However, new General
Manager, Harlow H. Curtice created popular new
models including the Special and the Roadmaster. Buick
sales soon flourished.
1911 Model 21 Touring Car on Buick’s Test Hill
First Buick Factory
5
In World War 11, Buick built aircraft engines, tanks and
other military hardware. This post-war period brought
great styling and engineering changes which resulted in
increased sales. The torque converter automatic
transmission, Dynaflow, was introduced in the 1948
Roadmaster. Buick’s famous “portholes” came along in
1949.
I949 Roadmaster
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A high-compression V-8 engine was introduced in 1953.
And Buick’s famous vertical pillar “toothy” grille,
(introduced in 1942),became more massive in the
post-war era.
I953 Skylark
Motor Trend magazine named the 1962 Buick Special,
“Car of the Year”. The first production V-6 engine was
used in the Special.
I
I962 Buick Special
Ed Mertz, Gener-ul Manager, Buic-k Motor- Division
Built inside the walls of the old buildings in Buick’s
former Flint complex, which formed the cornerstone of
General Motors, Buick City, is a state-of-the-art
assembly facility with more than 200 robots and other
high-tech equipment. It was completed in the fall of
1985.
Our mission is simple:
Buicks are, and will continue to be, premium American
motorcars with smooth power, high performance, rich
detail and comfortable accommodation.
“Buick will provide Premium American Motorcars
backed with services that exceed our customers’
expectations, throughout the purchase, ownership,
service and repurchase experience.”
Buicks are SUBSTANTIAL.
Buicks are DISTINCTIVE.
Buicks are POWERFUL.
Buicks are MATURE.
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Table of Contents
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How to Use this Manual
10
This part tells you how to use your manual and includes safety and vehicle damage warnings and symbols.
Seatsand Restraint Systems
13
This part tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly. It also explains the “SRS” system.
FeaturesandControls
65
This part explains how to start and operate your Buick.
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
121
This part tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your
sound system.
YourDrivingandtheRoad
139
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions.
ProblemsontheRoad
171
This part tells you what to do if you have a problem while driving, suchas a flat tire or engine
overheating, etc.
ServiceandAppearanceCare
207
Here the manual tells you how to keep your Buick running properly and looking good.
Maintenanceschedule
261
This part tells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use.
Customer Assistance Information
281
This part tells you how to contact Buick for assistance and how
to get service publications.It also
gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page 283.
Index
291
Here’s an alphabetical listingof almost every subject in this manual. You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
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How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. This
will help you learn about the features and controls for
your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find that pictures
and words work together to explain things quickly.
Safety Warningsand Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box with gray background and the word
CAUTION to tell you about things that could hurt you if
you were to ignore the warning.
In the gray caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you or
others could be hurt.
10
You will also find a circle with a slash through it in this
book.
fl
This safetv svmbol means
4 . ’
“Don’t,” “Don’t do this,” or
“Don’t let this happen.”
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
NOTICE:
In the notice area, wetell you about somethingthat can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damagewould
not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid the
damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors or
in different words.
You’ll also seewarning labels on your vehicle. They use
yellow for cautions, blue for noticesand the words
CAUTION orNOTICE.
11
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
Vehicle Symbols
These are someof the symbols you may find on your vehicle.
Fur example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
A
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
Q 4
FASTEN
CAUSTIC
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
e
SEAT
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
POWER
WINDOW
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
HIGH
,\I/,
=o
=
v
ENGINE
COOLANT
TEMP
BAllERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
P\
FOG LAMPS
$0
I-1
k
RADIO
VOLUME
J
VENTILATING
FAN
CONDITIONING
A'R
RADIATOR
COOLANT
TRUNK
RELEASE
FUEL
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
OR
BEAM
AIRBAG
-. F&
FUSE
WINDSHIELDw
a 0
DEFROSTER
BELTS
BURNS
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
These symbols
have to do with
your lights:
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
TEMP
OIL
ANTILOCK
BRAKE
e,
6
LIGHTER
4%
(@)
m
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Part 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your Buick. and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with safety belts .
Part 1 includes:
Seatsandseatcontrols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HeadRestraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Folding Rear Seats (Wagon) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SafetyBelts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Lap-Shoulder Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplemental Restraint System (Air Bag) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Smaller Children and Babies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Child Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LargerChildren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SafetyBeltExtender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking Your Restraint System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing Safety Belts After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
17
18
22
29
30
37
42
48
49
50
61
63
63
64
13
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you about the seats-how to adjust
them, and also about folding seats, reclining front
seatbacks, and head restraints.
Manual Seat
14
Move the lever under the
front seat to the left to
unlock it. Slide the seat to
where you want it then
release the lever to lock.
Try to move the seat with
your body, to make sure the
seat is locked into place.
Power Seat (Option)
Reclining Front Seatback
The switch is located on the
front of the seat.To recline
the seatback hold the
switch up. Hold the switch
down to raise the seatback.
The power seat controls are located on the front
of the
seat. To adjust thepower seat:
Front Control (F): Raise the frontof the seatby holding
the switchup. Hold the switch down to lower
the front of
the seat.
Center Control (C): Move the seat forward or back by
holding the control to the right or left. Raise or lower the
seat by holding the control up or down.
Rear Control (R): Raise therear of the seatby holding the
switch up. Hold the switch down
to lower the rear
of the seat.
15
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is
moving.
Head Restraints
Folding Rear Seats (Wagon)
To add more cargoroom, the seatbacks of your rear
second and optional rear-facing third seats can be easily
folded down. Be sure to check your seatback latches
now and then by pushing the seatback back and forth. If
they do not latch properly, have them checked by your
dealer.
Remember to keep safety belts clear of seat hinges and
latches so they are not damaged when you raise and
lower the seatbacks.
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest to the top of your ears.
This position reduces the chance of a neck injury in a
crash.
17
Folding Second Seat
I
To Lower the Split Second Seatback: Each seat has its
own release button. Press the release button and pull the
seatback forward and down.
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To Raise the Split Second Seatback: Lift the seatback
until it locks in the upright position. Push back and forth
on the seatback to be sure it is locked in place.
Folding Third Seat (Option)
A
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3. Press down on the seat release levers (one on each
side of the seat), andallow the seatback to pop up.
To Raise the Rear-Facing Third Seatback:
If your vehicle is equipped with a roll-up cargocover, it
must be removed before raising the seatback.
1. Open the liftgate and lift the storage compartment
lid.
2. Fold it forward against the seatback.
19
4. Push the seatback all the way up until it locks in the
upright position. Push back and forth on the seatback
to be sure it is locked in place.
20
To Lower the Rear-Facing Third Seatback:
1. Open the liftgate and lift the seat release lever
located at the lower corner of the storage
compartment on the passenger side.
d
2. Pull the seatback toward the rear of the vehicle, then
push it down into the locked position.
3. Lower the storage compartment lid.
21
Safety Belts: They’reFor Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Restraint System, or
“air bag” system.
This figure lights up as areminder to buckle up. (See
“Safety Belt Warning Light” in the Index.)
In many states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
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A few crashesare mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn't survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimeswalk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as it
goes.
After more than 25 years of safety belts in vehicles, the
facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does matter
... a lot!
For example, if the bike is going 10 mph (16 km/h), so
is the child.
23
When the bike hits the block, it stops. But the child
keeps going!
24
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it's just a seat on
wheels.
.-__
Put someone on it.
Y 7 -
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn't stop.
25
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
26
or the instrument panel ...
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
@
Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can easily unbuckle a safety
belt, even if you’re upside down. And your chance
of being conscious duringand after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q:
Why don’t they just put in air bags so people
won’t have to wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags, or Supplemental Restraint Systems, are in
some vehicles today and will be in more of them in
the future. But they are supplemental systems only
-- so they work with safety belts, not instead of
them. Every air bag system ever offered for sale
has required the use of safety belts. Even if you’re
in a vehicle that has air bags, you still have to
buckle up to get the most protection. That’s true not
only in frontal collisions, but especially in side and
other collisions.
B
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down asthe vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
27
&:
If I’m a good driver, ana 1 never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur at speedsof less than 40 mph
(65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
28
Safety Belt Warning Light
When the key is turned
to “Run” or “Start,” a
chime will come on for
about eight seconds to
remind people to fasten
their safety belts, unless
the driver’s safety belt
is already buckled.
The safety belt light will also come on and stay on for
20 seconds, then it will flash for an additional 55
seconds. If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither
the chime nor the light will come on.
Vehicles First Sold In Canada
Was your Buick first sold, when new, in Canada? (If it
was, a sticker on the driver’s door will say “conforms to
all applicable Canada motor vehicle...’’ etc.) If so, then
the rest of Part 1 does not apply to your vehicle.
To learn how to use your safety belts, please read the
Owner’s Manual Safety Belt Supplement. It comes with
every new Buick first sold in Canada.
Driver Position
How To Wear Safety Belts Properly
This section describes the driver’s restraint system.
Adults
This section is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different rules for
smaller children and babies. If a child will be riding in
your Buick, see the section after this one, called
“Children.” Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
u
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
29
Automatic Lap-Shoulder Belt
E
And you don’t have to unbuckle when you get out.
This safety belt is called “automatic” because you don’t
have to buckle up when you get into your vehicle.
30
Just get into your vehicle. Then close and lock the door.
Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index) so
you can sit up straight.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash.
It’s possible that an automatic belt could keep you from
fully opening a door. That can happen if the door was
slammed shut very hard. Just close the door allthe way,
then slowly open it. If that doesn’t fix it, then your
Buick needs service.
We hope you’ll always keep your automatic belt
buckled. However, you may need to unbuckle it in an
emergency. And you would need to unbuckle it to let
someone get into the center front seat position, if your
vehicle has one.
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The lap belt should be worn as low on the hips as
possible. In a crash, this applies force to the strong
pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely to slide under the
lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force
at your abdomen. This could cause serious or even
fatal
injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder
and across the chest. Theseparts of the body are best
able to take belt restraining forces.
31
To unbuckle the automaticbelt, just push the button on
the buckle.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don't let it get twisted.
To reattach the automatic belt:
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see "Seats" in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
32
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
I A CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurtif your shoulder beltis
too loose. In a crash you would move forward
too much, which could significantfy increase
injury. The shoulder belt should fit against your
body.
‘A
I
A:
I
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The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
33
@'
What's wrong with this?
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
34
What’s wrong with this?
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
35
&." What's wrong with this?
A:
36
The belt is twisted across the body.
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)
This section explains the driver’s Supplemental
Restraint System (SRS), commonly referred to as an alr
bag. Here are the most important things to know:
A CAUTION:
Even with anair bag, if you’re not wearing a
safety belt andyou’re in a crash,your injuries
may be muchworse. Air bags are not designed
to inflate in rotlovers or in rear, side orlow-speed
frontal crashes. You need to wear your safety
belt to reduce the chance of hitting things inside
the vehicle or being ejected from it. Always wear
your safety belt, evenwith an air bag.
A CAUTION:
Air bags inflate withgreat force, fasterthan the
blink ofan eye. If you’re too closeto an inflating
air bag, it could seriously injure
you. Safety belts
help keep you in position for an air bag infiation
in a crash. Always wear your safety belt, even
with an air bag, and sit as far back as you can
while still maintaining controlof your vehicle.
A CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
This dust could
cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do
so. If you have breathing problems but can’t get
out of the vehicle after anair bag inflates, then
get fresh air by opening a window or door.
37
AIR BAG
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows “AIRBAG.” The system checks for
electrical malfunctions, and the light tells you if there is
a problem.
38
You will see this light flash
for a few seconds when you
turn your ignition to “Run”
or “Start.”Then the light
should go out, which means
the system is ready.
Remember, if the air bag readiness light doesn’t come
on when you start your vehicle, or stays on, or comes on
when you are driving, your air bag system may not work
properly. Have your vehicle serviced right away.
How The Air Bag System Works
When is an air bag expected to inflate?
The air bag is designed to inflate in moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crashes. The air bag will only
inflate if the velocity of the impact is above the designed
threshold level. When impacting straight into a wall that
does not move or deform, the threshold level for most
GM vehicles is between 9 and 15 mph (1 4 and 23 km/h).
However, this velocity threshold depends on the vehicle
design and may be several miles-per-hour faster or
slower. In addition, this threshold velocity will be
considerably higher if the vehicle strikes an object such
as a parked car which will move and deform on impact.
The air bag is also not designed to inflate in rollovers,
side impacts, or rear impacts where the inflation would
provide no occupant protection benefit.
Where is the airbag?
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the steering
wheel.
In any particular crash, the determination of whether the
air bag should have inflated cannot be based solely on
the level of damage on the vehicle(s). Inflation is
determined by the angle of the impact and the vehicle’s
deceleration, of which vehicle damage is only one
indication. Repair cost is not a good indicator of
whether an air bag should have deployed.
39
What makes an air bag inflate?
What will you see after an air bag inflation?
In a frontal impact of sufficient severity, the air bag
sensing system detects that the vehicle is suddenly
stopping as a result of a crash. The sensing system
triggers a chemical reaction of the sodium azide sealed
in the inflator. The reaction produces nitrogen gas,
which inflates the cloth bag. The inflator, cloth bag, and
related hardware are allpart of the air bag inflator
module packed inside thesteering wheel.
After the air bag has inflated, it will then quickly
deflate. This occurs so quickly that some people may
not even realize that the air bag inflated. Some
components of the air bag module in the steering wheel
hub may be hot for a short time, but the portion of the
bag that comes intocontact with you will not be hot to
the touch. There will be small amounts of smoke and
dust coming from vents in the deflated air bag. The air
bag will not impede the driver’s vision or ability to steer
the vehi,cle,nor will it hinder the occupants from exiting
the vehicle.
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel.
The airbag supplements the protection provided by
safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of the impact
more evenly over the occupant’s upper body, stopping
the occupant more gradually. But air bags would not
provide protection in many types of collisions, including
rollovers and rear and side impacts, primarily because
an occupant’s motion is not toward the air bag. Air bags
should never be regarded as anything more than a
supplement to safety belt protection in moderate to
severe frontal and near-frontal collisions.
40
The air bag is designed to inflate only once. After it
inflates, you’ll need some new parts for your air bag
system. If you don’t get them, the air bag system
won’t be there to help protect you in another crash.
A new system will include the air bag module and
possibly other parts. The service manual has
information about the need to replace other parts.
0
Your vehicle is equipped with a diagnostic module,
which records information about the air bag system.
The module records information about the readiness
of the system,when the sensors are activated and
whether the driver’s safety belt was in use.
0
Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
system. Improper service can mean that your air bag
system won’t work properly. See your dealer for
service.
NOTICE:
If you damage the cover for the driver’s air bag, it
may not work properly. You mayhave to replace
the air bagon the steering wheel.Do not open or
break the air bag cover.
Servicing Your Air Bag Equipped Buick
The air bagaffects how your Buick should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. The
air bag system does not need regular maintenance. Your
Buick dealer and the 1994 Century Service Manual have
information about servicingyour vehicle and the air bag
system. The air bag system does not need regular
maintenance.
Is the smoke from an air bag inflation harmful?
The particles emitted duringair bag inflationare not
harmful to most people. Some people with respiratory
ailments may experience difficulty breathing if they stay
in the vehicle with the windows closed after air bag
inflation. So, if your air bag inflates,you and any
passengers should exit the vehicle if and when it is safe
to do so. If you or your passengers can’t get out of the
vehicle, try to get fresh air by opening a window,
turning on the fan, or opening a door.
41
Safety BeltUse During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible
throughout the pregnancy.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt. See “Driver Position,”
earlier in this part.
42
0
Center Passenger Position AndAny
Station Wagon Third Seat Passenger
Position
Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight. Move your seat far enough
forward that your feet touch the part of the car that is
called the “toeboard” (A). That way you’d be less
likely to slide under the lap belt in a crash.
-
I
U
n
Lap Belt
When you sit in a center seating position, or in a station
wagon third seat, you have a lap safety belt, which has
no retractor. To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate
and pull it along the belt.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
44
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn't long enough,
see "Safety Belt Extender" at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
Rear Seat Passengers
Lap-Shoulder Belt
It's very important forrear seat passengers to buckle
up!
Accident statisticsshow that unbelted peoplein the rear
seat arehurt more often in crashes than thosewho are
wearing safety belts.
The positionsnext to the windows havelap-shoulder
belts. Here's how to wear one properly.
Rear passengerswho aren't safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash.And they can strikeothers
in the vehicle who are wearingsafety belts.
Rear Seat OutsidePassenger Positions
45
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across
you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle
until it clicks.
If the belt stops before
it reaches thebuckle, tilt the
latch plateand keep pullinguntil you canbuckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure
it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see“Safety Belt
Extender” at the end
of this section.Make sure the
release button on the buckle is positioned
so you
would be able to unbuckle the safety
belt quickly if
you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight,pull down on thebuckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulderpart.
46
!
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs.In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less
likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the
belt would apply force atyour abdomen. This could
cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder
belt
should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These
parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining
forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash.
47
Children
0
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the
buckle.
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
infants and all children smaller than adult size. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
4s
Smaller Children and Babies
49
Child Restraints
Be sure to follow the instructions for the restraint. You
may find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
The instructions that come with the infant or child
restraint will show you how to do that.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraint in the rear seat unless the child is an
infant and you’re the only adult in the vehicle. In that
case, you might want to secure the restraint in the front
seat where you can keep an eye on the baby.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
50
Top Strap
combination anchor-tetherbelt to which the top strap
can be hooked.
For-carsfirst sold iri Canada, child restraintswith a top
strap must be anchored according to Canadian
Law.
Your dealer canobtain the hardwarekit and installit for
you, or you may install ityourself using the instructions
provided in the kit.
Use the tether hardwarekit available from thedealer.
The hardware and installation instructions
were
specifically designed for this
vehicle.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Position
If your child restraint has a top strap, be
it anchored.
should
If you need to have an anchorinstalled, you can ask your
Buick dealer to put it in for you. If you want to install an
anchor yourself, your dealer can tell you how to do it.
If you want to use a child restraint
with a top strapin the
second seat of a station wagon, haveyour dealer install a
U
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
section about the top strap
if the child restraint has
one.
You’ll need a safety locking clip to properly secure a
child restraint in this position. You can get a locking clip
where child restraints are sold, or fromyour Buick
dealer (GM Part Number 94844571). Thelocking clip
must be the same asthe one shown here.
will show you how. Tilt the latch plate to adjust the
belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
Until you have this clip, securea child restraint only ina
seat that has a separate lap belt (and a way to anchor a top
strap, if the child restraint has one). See the following
section about securing a child restraint in a center position.
Once you have the clip, follow these instructions:
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
5. Then thread both the lap and shoulder belt portions
through the locking clip.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure itis secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle's
safety belt and remove thelocking clip. Let the safety
belt go back all the way. The safety belt will move
freely again and be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
-
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
x
,
. ...
'1
1
Securing a Child Restraint in a Center Seat
Position
U
When you secure a child restraint in a center seating
position, you'll be using the lap belt.
See the earlier section about the top strapif the child
restraint has one.
L A
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure. If the child restraint
isn’t secure, turn the latch plate over and buckle it
again. Then see if it is secure. If it isn’t, secure the
restraint in a different place in the vehicle and
contact the child restraint maker for their advice
about how to attach the child restraint properly.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
6. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint.
U
To use a child restraint here, you will need a special
infant/child seat attaching belt and the hardware that
goes with it. See the earliersection about the top strap if
the child restraint has one.
55
Your dealer can get these and install the hardware for
you. It’s free. The special belt is GM Part Number
12340286. Your dealer can find the correct hardware in
the accessory section of the GM Parts Catalog.
56
Once the special hardware is installed, please follow the
instructions with it and these steps:
2. Snap one hook of the infant/child seat attaching belt
near the floor at the door side of the seat.
1. Unbuckle the automatic lap-shoulder belt by pushing
the button on the buckle.
A
It will stay on the door, ready to be rebuckled for use
by adults or older children.
57
3. Put the belt’s special latch plate into the vehicle’s
safety belt buckle.
4. You can make the belt longer by tilting the buckle
and pulling it along the belt.
5. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
6. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
7. Run the belt through or around the child restraint.
The child restraint instructions will show you how.
58
8. Put the hook on the free end through the slot in the
latch plate.
9. To make it tight, pull the belt while you push down
on the child restraint. If the belt won't stay tight,
switch it end for end.
n
d
10.Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
59
To remove the infantkhild seat restraint:
1. Push the button on the safety belt buckle and remove
the special latch plate. Leave the latch plate on the
special belt.
2. Push the spring on the hook near the door and
remove the special belt.
3. Put the belt away in a safe place in your vehicle, so it
won't fly around in a crash and injure someone.
4. Remember to reattach the automatic belt again, once
the child restraint is removed. Be sure it isn't
twisted.
60
Larger Children
Children who have outgrown child restraints should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice,a child should sit next to
a
window so the childcan wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restrainta shoulder belt can provide.
Children who aren’t buckledup can be thrown outin
a crash.
0
Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other
people who are.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are
restrained in the rear seat. But they needto use the safety
belts properly.
61
A
P
62
--
&:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder beltis
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the childtoward the center of the vehicle,but
be sure thatthe shoulder belt still is on
the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash thechild’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts
provide. If the
child is so small that the shoulder belt is stillvery
close to thechild’s face or neck,you might want to
place the child in the center seatposition. the one
that hasonly a lap belt.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it. The automatic lap-shoulder belt has plenty
of extra length built in, so it will fasten around almost
all people.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure all your belts, buckles, latch
plates, retractors, anchorages and reminder systems are
working properly. Look for any loose parts or damage.
If you see anythingthat might keep a restraint system
from doing its job, have it repaired.
63
Replacing Safety Belts Aftera Crash
@
What’s wrong with this?
A:
The belt is torn.
If you’ve had a crash,do you need new belts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, asthey would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new belts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
the time of the collision.
Torn or frayed belts may not protect you in a crash.
They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is torn
or frayed, get a new one right away.
64
?art 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your Buick. and information on starting. shifting
and braking . Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is working
properly ..and what to do if you have a problem .
Part 2 includes:
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
...................................
New
Vehicle
Break-In
.....................
.....................................
StartingtheEngine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ShiftingtheTransaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TiltSteeringWheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turn Signal/Headlight Beam Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Headlight High-Low Beam Changer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windshield Wipermasher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CruiseControl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Headlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrumentpanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speedometer and Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warning Lights . Gages and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
66
67
74
76
79
87
88
89
91
91
94
98
102
110
110
111
65
The ignition keys are for
the ignition only.
Keys
r{.;F%
.,.,. , ,
I
&L..
'
-
The door keys are for the
doors and all other locks.
When a new Century is delivered, the dealer removes the
plugs from the keys, and gives them to the first owner.
Eachplughas a code on it thattellsyour dealer or a
qualified locksmith how to make extra keys. Keep the
plugs in a safe place. If you lose your keys,you'll be able to
have new ones made easily using these plugs.
66
1 NOTICE:
Your Buick has a number
of new features that
can help prevent theft. But you can have aoflot
trouble getting into your vehicle
if you ever lock
your keys inside. You may even have to damage
your vehicle to get in.So be sure you have extra
keys.
There are severalways to
lock and unlock your
vehicle:
From the outside: Use your
door key or Remote
Keyless Entry transmitter,
if your vehicle has this
option.
Door Locks
From the inside: To lock
the door, slide the lock
control on the door
rearward.
To unlock the door, slide
the lock control forward.
67
Power Door Locks
Leaving Your Vehicle
Press the power door lock
switch on either front door
to lock or unlock all the
doors at once.
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your
door and set the locks from inside. Then get out and
close the door.
Remote Keyless Entry System
(Option)
Automatic Door Locks
Just close your doors and turn on the ignition. All of the
doors will automatically lock when you move your shift
lever out of “ P ’ (Park) or (“N”Neutra1). If someone
needs to get out while the vehicle is running, have that
person use the manual or power lock. When the door is
closed again, it will lock automatically. All doors will
automatically unlock when you turn the ignition off.
If you don’t want the doors to automatically unlock
when the key is turned OFF, you can remove the
UNLOCK fuse located in the glove box. See “Fuses” in
the Index for more information.
68
If your Buick has this option, you can lock and unlock
your doors or unlock your trunk or wagon liftgate from
up to 30 feet (9 m) away using the key chain transmitter
supplied with your vehicle.
up to 30 feet (9 m) away using the key chain transmitter
supplied with your vehicle.
Your Remote Keyless Entry System operates on a radio
frequency subject toFederal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules.
This device complieswith Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to thefollowing two conditions:
(1) This devicemay not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This devicemust accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Operation
The driver’s doorwill unlock and the interior lights will
go on when “UNLOCK” is pressed. If pressed again
within five seconds, all doors will unlock. The interior
lights will go outafter 40 seconds or when you turn on
the ignition.
All doors will lock when “DOOR” is pressed.
Press the opened trunk symbol to unlock the trunk or
wagon liftgate. The transaxle must be in “P” (Park.) If
you have the wagon, the ignition must also be “Off.”
Should interferenceto this system occur, try this:
Matching Transmitter(s) To Your Vehicle
e Check to determine if battery replacement is
Each key chain transmitter is coded to prevent another
transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter
is lost or stolen, a replacement can bepurchased through
your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining
transmitters with you when you go to your dealer. When
the dealer matches the replacement transmitter to your
vehicle, the remaining transmittersmust also be
matched. Once thenew transmitter is coded, the lost
transmitter will not unlock your vehicle.
necessary. See the instructionson battery
replacement.
e Check thedistance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. This product has a maximum range.
e Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal.
0
See your Buick dealer or a qualified technician for
service.
Changes or modificationsto this system by other than an
authorized service facilitycould void authorization to
use this equipment.
You can match a transmitter to as many different
vehicles as you own, provided they are equipped with
exactly the samemodel system. (General Motors offers
several different models of these systems on their
69
vehicles.) Each vehicle can have only two transmitters
matched to it.
See your dealer to match transmitters to another vehicle.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the batteries in your key chain
transmitter should last about two years.
You can tell the batteries are weak if the transmitter
won’t work at the normal range in any location. If you
have to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter
works, it’s probably time to change the batteries.
For battery re lacernent use
two Duracell batteries,
type DL-20 16, or a similar
type.
8
70
To replace batteries:
1. Carefully pry off the cover by inserting a dime (or
similar object) in a slot between the covers and twist.
2. Lift off the front cover, bottom half first.
3. Remove and replace the batteries. Put them in
following the diagram under the batteries on the
inside of the cover.
4. Replace the front cover. Make sure the cover is on
tightly, so water won’t get in and snap the cover
together.
5. Check the transmitter operation.
Trunk/Liftgate
Wagon Liftgate Operation
Remote Trunk or Liftgate Release (Option)
The liftgate on your wagon has a liftglass and a liftgate.
If you have this option,
you’ll find the button in the
glove box.
’
~
The trunk will unlock any
time the ignition is ON. If
you have the wagon, the
liftgate will unlock when
the ignition
is ON and the transaxle is
in “ P ’ (Park).
r
NOTICE:
Be sure there are no overhead obstructions
before you open the liftgate.You could slam the
liftgate into something and break the glass.
The door key opens the
liftgate and the liftglass.
Trunk Lock
71
Turn the key to the right to unlatch the liftgate, then pull
up on the bottom of the liftgate. To close, pull down on
the handle inside the liftgate, then firmly shut the
liftgate.
72
Turn the key to the left to release the liftglass. Then, pull
the liftglass up by the handle. To close, lower the
liftglass until the latch catches.
Glove Box
Use the door key to
lock and unlock the
glove box. To open,
pinch the latch release.
-
73
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your Buick hasa number of theft deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal. However, thereare ways you can help.
Key in the Ignition
If you walk away fromyour vehicle with the keys
inside, it’s an easy target for joy riders or professional
thieves -- so don’t do it.
When you park your Buick and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition and transaxle. And remember to lock the doors.
Parking at Night
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
Parking Lots
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock it up and take your keys.
74
But what if you have to leave your ignition key? What if
you have to leave something valuable in your vehicle?
0
0
0
0
Put your valuables in a storage area, like your trunk
or glove box, or rear storage area in the wagon.
Lock the glove box.
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
Then take the door key with you.
New Vehicle “Break-In”
I NOTICE:
Your modern Buick doesn’t needan elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long
run ifyou follow these guidelines:
Don’t drive at any one speed fast or slow
for the first 500 miles (804 km). Don’t
make full-throttle starts.
0 Avoid making hard stops for the first 200
miles (322km) or so. During this time your
new brakelinings aren’t yet broken in. Hard
stops with new linings can mean premature
wear and earlier replacement. Follow this
“breaking-in” guideline every timeyou get
new brakelinings.
--
--
(B) Lock: The only position in which you can remove
the key. This locks your steering wheel, ignition and
transaxle.
Ignition Key Positions
9.5
C
(C) Off: Unlocks the steering wheel, ignition, and
transaxle, but does not send electrical power to any
accessories. Use this position if your vehicle must be
B
A
i
pushed or towed, but never try to push-start your
vehicle. A warning chime will sound if you open the
driver’s door when the ignition is off and the key is in
the ignition.
(D) Run: An ‘‘on’’ position to which the switch returns
E
With the ignition key in the ignition switch, you can turn
the switch to five positions:
(A) Accessory: An “on” position in which you can
operate your electrical power accessories. Press in the
ignition switch as you turn the top of it toward you.
after you start your engine and release the switch. The
switch stays in the “Run” position when the engine is
running. But even when the engine is not running, you
can use “Run” to operate your electrical power
accessories, and to display some instrument panel
warning lights.
(E) Start: Starts the engine. When the engine starts,
release the key. The ignition switch will return to “Run”
for normal driving.
To start your engine:
NOTICE:
If your key seemsstuck in “Lock” and you can’t
. turn it, be sure it is all the way in. If it is, thenturn
the steering wheel left and right while you turn
the key hard. But turnthe keyonly withyour
hand. Using a tool toforce it could break the key
or the ignition switch. If none of this works, then
your vehicle needs service.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to“P” (Park) or “N” (Neutral).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use “ N ’ (Neutral) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to“P” (Park) if your Buick is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift to “P” (Park) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
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1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to “Start.” When the engine starts,let go
of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in “Start” for longer than15
seconds at a time will cause your battery to be
drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor.
2. If your engine won’t start (or starts but then stops), it
could be flooded with too much gasoline. Try
pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
“Start” for about three seconds. If the car starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing, but
this time keep the pedal down for five or six seconds.
This clears the extra gasoline from the engine.
I NOTICE:
Driving Through Deep Standing
Water
I NOTICE:
If you drive too quicklythrough deep puddles or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. If you can’t avoid deep puddles or
standing water, drive through them very slowly.
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts oraccessories, you couldchange the way
the fuel injectionsystem operates. Before adding
electrical equipment, check with your dealer. If
you don’t, your engine might notperform
properly.
If you ever haveto have your vehicle towed, see
the part of this manual that tells how to do it
without damaging your vehicle. See “Towing
Your Buick” in the Index.
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Engine Coolant Heater
(Engine Block Heater) (Canada Only)
In very cold weather, 0°F (-18°C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
To use the coolant heater:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt outlet.
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I NOTICE:
After you’ve used the coolant heater, be sure to
store the cordas it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the weather, the kind of oil
you have, and some other things. Instead of trying to list
everything here, we ask that you contact a Buick dealer
in the area where you’ll be parking your vehicle. The
dealer can give you the best advice for that particular
area.
Automatic Transaxle
I
There are several different positions for your shift lever.
0
P (Park)
This locks your front wheels. It's the best position to
use when you start your engine because your vehicle
can't move easily.
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R (Reverse)
Use this gear to back up.
I
I
NOTICE:
Shifting to “R” (Reverse) whileyour vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to “R” only after your vehicle is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see “If
You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index.
N (Neutral)
In this position, your engine doesn’t connect with the
wheels. To restart when you’re already moving, use
“N” (Neutral) only. Also, use “N” when your vehicle
is being towed.
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I NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxle caused by shifting out
of “P” (Park) or “N” (Neutral) with the engine
racing isn’t coveredby your warranty.
@ Automatic Overdrive
2 (Second Gear)
If your automatic transaxle has automatic overdrive,
this position is for normal driving. If you need more
power for passing, and you’re:
This position gives you more power but lower fuel
economy. You can use “2” on hills. It can help
control your speed as you go down steep mountain
roads, but then you would also want to use your
brakes off and on.
-
Going less than 35 mph (56 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
-
Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or more,push the
accelerator all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.
D (Third Gear)
If your automatic transaxle doesnot have Overdrive,
this position is for normal driving, at all speeds, in
most street and highway situations.
If your automatic transaxlehas Overdrive, “D”is
like @, but you never go into Overdrive.
I NOTICE:
Don’t drive in“2” (Second Gear) for more than
5
miles (8 km), or at speeds over55 mph (88 km/h),
or you can damage your transaxle. Use“D” (‘@’’
or “D” if your vehicle has Overdrive)as much as
possible.
Don’t shift into“2” unless you are going slower
than 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can damage your
engine.
Here are some times you might choose “D” instead
of 0 3 :
-
When driving on hilly, winding roads
-
When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears
-
When going down a steep hill
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c
0
1 (First Gear)
This position gives you even morepower (but lower
fuel economy) than “2.” You can use it on very steep
hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the selector lever is
put in “1,” the transaxle won’t shift into first gear
until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
NOTICE:
If your front wheels can’t rotate, don’ttry to
drive. This might happen if you were stuck in
very deep sand ormud or were up against a solid
object. You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle therewith only the accelerator
pedal. Thiscould overheat anddamage the
transaxle. Use your brakes to holdyour vehicle
in position ona hill.
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake:
Hold the regular brake
pedal downwith your right
foot. Push down the
parking brake pedal with
your left foot. If the
ignition is on, the brake
system warning light will
come on.
To release the parking
brake: Hold the regular
brake pedal down. Pull the
brake release lever.
I NOTICE:
Steering Column Shift Lever
Driving with the parking brake on can cause your
rear brakes to overheat. You may have to replace
them, and you could also damage other parts
of
your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any
hill: See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section
shows what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
Shifting Into ‘‘P” (Park)
A CAUTION:
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into “P” (Park) position like
this:
0
Pull the lever toward you.
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Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
0
Move the lever up as far as it will go.
3. Move the ignition key to “Lock.”
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
walk away fromyour vehicle with the ignition key in
your hand, your vehicle is in“P’, (Park).
If you have to leaveyour vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in “P’, (Park) and your
‘parkingbrake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into the “P,’ (Park)
position, hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, seeif
you can move the shift lever away from “P” (Park)
without first pulling it toward you. If you can, it means
that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked into “P” (Park).
Torque Lock
Parking Over Things That Burn
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into“ P ’ (Park) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on theparking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of “P’ (Park). This is called “torque lock.”To
prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift
into “P” (Park)properly before you leave the driver’s
seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into ‘P’(Park)” in
the Index.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
“ P ’ (Park) BEFORE you release the parking brake.
If “torque lock” does occur, you may need to have
another vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of
the pressure from the transaxle, so you can pull the shift
lever outof “P” (Park).
85
Engine Exhaust
Running Your Engine While You’re
Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
I A CAUTION:
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Windows
On a vehicle with manual windows, use the window
crank to open and close each window.
Power Windows (Option)
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into ‘P’ (Park)” in the Index.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
With power windows, switches on the driver’s armrest
control each of the windows when the ignition is on. In
addition, each passenger door has a control switch for its
own window.
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Wagon Rear Vent Windows (Option)
Tilt Wheel
A tilt steering wheel allows
you to adjust the steering
wheel before you drive.
To open, pull the latch forward, then push on the center
of the latch to swing the window out into the open
position.
To close the window, pull the center of the latch and
then press the latch into the closed position.
Horn
You can sound the horn by pressing the horn symbol on
your steering wheel.
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You can also raise it to thehighest level to give y6ur
legs more room when you exit and enter the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the
lever. Move the steering wheel to a comfortable level,
then release the lever to lock the wheel in place.
Turn SignallHeadlight Beam Lever
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
.
1
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes your:
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
0
Headlight High-Low Beam & Passing Signal
a Windshield Wipers
0
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
Windshield Washer
Cruise Control (Option)
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I
I
A green arrow on the
instrument panelwill flash
in the directionof the turn
or lane change.
To signal a lane change,
just raise or lower the lever
until the green arrow starts
to flash. Holdit there until
you complete your lane
change. The leverwill
return by itself when you
release it.
As you signal a turn or a lane change,if the arrowsdon’t
flash but just stay on,a signal bulb maybe burned out
and other driverswon’t see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replaceit to help avoidan
accident. If the green arrows don’t
go on at allwhen you
signal a turn, check the fuse (see “Fuses”
in the Index)
and for burned-outbulbs.
n r n Signal Reminder
If your turn signal is left on for more than
3/4 of a mile,
a chime will sound. To turn off the chime, move theturn
signal leverto the off position.
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Operation of Lights
Although your vehicle’s lighting system (headlights,
parking lights, foglamps, side marker lights and
taillights) meets all applicable federal lighting
requirements, certain states and provinces
may apply
their own lighting regulations that
may require special
attention beforeyou operate these lights.
For example, some jurisdictions may require that
you
operate your fog lamps onlywhen your lower beam
headlights are also on, or that headlights
be turned on
whenever you must use your windshield wipers. In
addition, most jurisdictions prohibit driving solely
with
parking lights, especiallyat dawn or dusk. It is
recommended that you check with your own state or
provincial highway authority for applicable lighting
regulations.
Headlight High-Low Beam
BRIGHT
Windshield Wipers
To change theheadlights
from low beam to high or
high to low, pull the turn
signal lever all theway
toward you. Then release it.
When thehigh beams are
on, this blue lighton the
instrument panel also will
be on.
You control the windshield wipers by turning the band
marked “WIPER.”
For a single wiping cycle, turn the band to “MIST.”
Hold it there until the wipers start, then let go. The
wipers will stop after onecycle. If you want more
cycles, hold the band on “MIST” longer.
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You can set the wiper speed for a long or short delay
between wipes. This can be very useful in light rain or
snow. Turn the band to choosethe delay time. The
closer to “LO,” the shorter the delay.
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band away
from you to the “LO” position. For high speed wiping,
turn the band further, to “HI.” To stop the wipers, move
the band to “OFF.”
Remember that damaged wiper blades may prevent you
from seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid
damage, be sure to clear ice andsnow from the wiper
blades before using them. If they’re frozen to the
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your
blades do become damaged, get new blades or blade
inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wiper motor. A
circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools. Clear
away snow or ice toprevent an overload.
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Windshield Washer
At the top of the turn signalheadlight beam lever there’s
a paddle with the word “PUSH” on it. To spray washer
fluid on the windshield, push the paddle.
If you push the paddle less than one second, washer
fluid will spray three to four times while the wiper
blades cycle. If you push the paddle longer than one
second, washer fluid will spray as long as the paddle is
held. When you release the paddle, the wiper blades will
cycle three to four more times to clear thewindow and
then either stop or return to your preset speed.
Driving without washer fluid can be dangerous. A bad
mud splash can block your vision. You could hit another
vehicle or go off the road. Check your washer fluid level
often.
NOTICE:
When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
a Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to
freeze and damage your washer fluid tank
and other parts of the washer system.Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washerfluid.
0 Fill your washer fluid tank only 3/4 full
when it’s very cold. This allows for
expansion, which coulddamage the tank if
it is completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer. It can damage your
washer system and paint.
Wagon Rear Window Washedwiper
(Option)
The rear window
washer/wiper switch is at
the center of the instrument
panel. Press the top of the
switch labeled “WASH”
and the rear wiper will run
at aconstant speed.
Press the switch further and hold to spray washer fluid
while the wiper continues to run. The wiper will
continue to run until you press the switch to “OFF.”
The rear window washer fluid reservoir is the smaller
reservoir next to the coolant reservoir.
93
Cruise Control (Option)
With Cruise Control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot on
the accelerator. This can really help on long trips. Cruise
Control does not work at speeds below about 25 mph
(40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the Cruise Control shuts
off.
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2. Get up to the speed you want.
To Set Cruise Control
3. Push in the “SET”
1. Move the Cruise
Control switchto “ON.”
button at theend of the
lever andrelease it.
4. The CRUISE light on
the instrument panel
will come on.
CRUISE
5. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal.
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To Resume a Set Speed
Suppose you set your Cruise Controlat a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts off
the Cruise Control. But you don’t need to reset it.
Once you’re going
about 25 mph (40 h/h)
or more, you can move
the Cruise Control
switch from “ON”
to “R/A”
(Resume/Accelerate)
for about half a second.
You’ll go right back upto your chosen speed and stay there.
Remember, if you hold the switch at “R/A” longer than
half a second, the vehicle will keep going faster until
you release the switch or apply the brake. You could be
startled and even lose control. So unless you want to go
faster, don’t hold the switch at “R/A.”
96
To Increase Speed While UsingCruise
Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed. Here’s the first:
1 . Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
2. Push the SET button at
the end of the lever,
then release the button
and the accelerator
pedal. You’ll now cruise
at the higher speed.
<
Here’s the second way to
go to a higher speed:
1. Move the Cruise switch
from “ON” to “R/A.”
Hold it there until you
get up to the speed you
want, and then release
the switch.
2. To increase your speed in very small amounts, move
the switch to “R/A” for less than half a second and
then release it. Each time you do this, your vehicle
will go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster. If you tap “R/A”
five times, you will go 5 mph faster.
2. To slow down in very small amounts, push the
button for lessthan half a second. Each time you do
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower. If you tap
SET fivetimes, you will go 5 mph slower.
The accelerate featurewill only work after you have set
the Cruise Control speed by pushing the SET button.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
To Reduce Speed While Using Cruise
Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increaseyour speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the Cruise Control speed you set earlier.
There are twoways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
Using Cruise Control on Hills
Push in the SET button
at the end of the lever
until you reach the
lower speed you want,
then release it.
How well your Cruise Control will work on hills
depends upon your speed, load, and the steepness of the
hills. -When going up steep hills, you may have to step
on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When
going downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a
lower gear to keep your speed down. Of course,
applying the brake takes you out of Cruise Control.
Many drivers find this to be too much trouble and don’t
use Cruise Control on steep hills.
97
To Get Out of Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn
off the Cruise Control:
-
Lights
I
These switches control the
following light systems:
1. Step lightly on the brake
pedal, OR
Headlights
Parking Lights
Side Marker Lights
Taillights
License Plate Lights
Instrument Panel Lights
2. Move the Cruise switch
to “OFF.”
To turn on the headlights, press the switch with the light
symbol.
Press the switch marked “ P ’ to turn on the parking
lights.
Press “OFF” to turn off all lights.
To Erase Speed Memory
When you turn off the Cruise Control or the ignition,
your Cruise Control set speed memory is erased.
98
Interior/Instrument Panel Lights
You can brighten or dim the
instrument panel lights by
rotating the controlup or
down. To turn on the
interior courtesy lights,
rotate the control all the
way up to “HI.”
Daytime Running Lights (Canada Only)
The Canadian Federal Government has decided that
“Daytime RunningLights” (DRL) area useful feature,
in that DRL can make your vehicle more visible to
pedestrians and other drivers during daylight hours.
DRL are required on new vehicles sold in Canada.
Your DRL work with a light sensor on top of the
instrument panel. Don’t cover it up.
The low beam headlights will come on atreduced
brightness in daylight when:
Headlight ccOn99
Warning
If you open the doorwhile leaving the lightson, you
will hear a warning chime.
0
the ignition is on,
0
the headlight switch is off, and
0
the parking brake is released.
At dusk, the exterior lights will come onautomatically
and the low beams will change to fullbrightness. At
dawn, the exterior lights will go out and thelow beams
will change tothe reduced brightness of DRL (if the
headlight switch is off).
99
Of course, you may still turn on the headlights any time
you need to.
Front Seat Reading Lights (Option)
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, set the parking
brake while the ignition is in the “Off’ or “Lock”
position. Then start the vehicle. The DRL will stay off
until you release the parking brake.
.
,
.. .
.
Press the switch to turn the
map light on and off.
L
Press the switch to turn the front seat reading lights on
or off.
100
Rear Reading Lights (Wagon)
Press the switches on the front of the mirror to turn on
the reading lights.
This light will go on when you open the liftgate. To turn
on the light when the liftgate is closed, press the switch.
1 A1
Interior Lights Delay
Mirrors
When you pull on the driver’s outside door handle, the
dome and courtesy lights will go on and stay on for
about 40 seconds, or until you turn the ignition on.
Inside Mirror
If you pull on the driver’s inside door handle within 30
seconds of switching off the ignition, the interior lights
will go on and stay on for about 5 seconds, to allow you
to unlock your door(s).
Courtesy Lights
When any door is opened, several lights go on. These
lights are under the instrument panel. Optional lights are
on the rear doors. They makeit easy for you to enter and
leave the vehicle. You also can turn these lights on by
rotating the interior lights switch to “HI.”
1A 3
When you are sitting in a comfortable drivingposition,
adjust the mirror so you can see clearly behind you car.
The day-night adjustment allows you to reduce glare
from lights behind you, pull the lever toward you to the
night position.
Outside Mirrors
Power (Option)
Manual
Both the driver’s and optional passenger side outside
mirrors can be adjusted with the control lever on the
driver’s door.
Both the driver and passenger side outside mirrors
should be adjusted so that you just see the side of your
vehicle and the area behind your vehicle when you are
sitting in a comfortable drivingposition.
Use the remote control
knob on the driver’s door to
adjust the driver’s outside
mirror. Adjust the
passenger’s outside mirror
by hand.
Turn the knob left or right
to select the driver’s or
passenger’s mirror. Rotate
!!!!!!!the knob to adjust the
mirror.
Adjust each mirror so that
you can just see the side of
your vehicle and the area
behind your vehicle when
you are sitting in a
comfortable driving
position.
103
Convex Outside Mirror
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror (Option)
Your right side mirror is convex.
A convex mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more
from the driver’s seat.
If your vehicle has the optional lighted vanity mirror, the
lights come on when you open the cover. Close the
cover to turn out the lights.
104
Convenience Net (Option)
Wagon Cargo Security Cover
(Option)
This cover is designed to help conceal articles in the rear
storage area.It pulls out and retracts like a window
shade.
If you have the optional rear-facing third seat, make
sure it is folded down.
Your vehicle may have a convenience net. You’ll see it
just inside the back wall of the trunk.
Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net. It can
help keep them from falling over during sharpturns or
quick starts and stops.
The net isn’t for larger, heavier loads. Store them in the
trunk as far forward as you can. You can unhook the net
so that it will lie flat when you’re not using it.
To Use the Cover: Grasp the handle and pull the cover
over the rear storage area. Insert the ends of the support
rod into the slots in the trim panel near the liftgate.
When the cover isn’t in use, roll it back onto the roller.
Hold the handle and lift the support rod out of the slots.
Tug the cover lightly, then let it roll back automatically.
Don’t release the handle until the cover has rolled back
completely.
106
To Remove the Cover: You can remove the cover and
roller assembly for extra cargo room. Slide back the end
sleeve and lift the assembly out of the notch in the trim
panel.
To replace the assembly, reverse the procedure.
Luggage Carrier (Option)
If you have the optional luggage carrier, you can load
things on top of a wagon, or on the deck lid of your
vehicle. The luggage carrier has slats attached to the
deck lid, a rear rail, and tiedowns. The wagon has slats
attached to the roof, side rails, and adjustable crossrails.
The crossrails can be adjusted by loosening the screws.
After moving the crossrails,be sure to tighten the
screws securely.
Storage Armrest (Option)
I
I NOTICE:
Loading cargo that weighs more than 50 pounds
(23kg) for the deck lid or 200 pounds (90 kg) for
the roof on the luggage carrier may damageyour
vehicle. When you carry large things, never let
them hang over the rear or the sides of your
vehicle. Load your cargo so that it rests onthe
slats and does not scratch or damage the
vehicle. Put the cargo against the rear rail of the
deck lid carrier and fasten it securely. Onthe
wagon, put the cargo against the side railsof the
roof carrier and fasten it securely.
Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when
loading your Buick. For more information on vehicle
capacity and loading, see “Loading Your Vehicle” in the
Index.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo asyou’re driving,
check now and then to make sure theluggage carrier
and cargo are still securely fastened.
The front armrest opens into a storage area. To open it,
lift the lever at the front edge. Inside is a coin holder,
slots to hold cassettes or CDs and a dual cupholder. To
use the cup holder, flip it forward and close the armrest
cover.
The cup holder can be removed for cleaning. Flip the
cup holder into the armrest storage area. Squeeze the
arms inward to release the retainer pins. Remove the cup
holder.
107
The armrest can be raised so that a passenger can sit in
the center position.
Ashtrays
Rear Locking Storage Compartment
(Wagon)
Reach under the front edge of the ashtray compartment
to open it. To remove the ashtray for cleaning, reach
under the ashtray and push up from behind it.
Use your door key to unlock the storage bin on the
driver’s side near the liftgate.
108
Cigarette Lighter
To use the lighter, push it in all the way and let go.
When it’s ready, it will pop back by itself.
NOTICE:
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it isheating. If you do, it won’t be able to
back awayfrom the heating element whenit’s
ready. Thatcan make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
To clean the rear ashtrays, fully open the ashtray. Press
down on the snuffer as you pull the ashtray down and
out.
I NOTICE:
Don’t put papers and other things that burn into
ashtrays. If you do, cigarettes or other smoking
materials could set them on fire, causing
damage.
109
The Instrument Panel: Your
Information System
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (used in the U.S.) or kilometers (used in
Canada).
Your Buick has a “tamper-resistant odometer.” If you
can see very noticeable bright silver lines between the
numbers, probably someone has tried to turn it back.
The numbers may not be true.
You may wonder what happens if a vehicle has to have a
new odometer installed. If possible, the new one has to
be set to the same reading as the old one. If it can’t be,
then it’s set at zero, and a label on the driver’s door must
show the old reading and when the new one was
installed.
Your instrument panel is designed to let you know at a
glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using, and
many other things you’ll need to drive safely and
economically.
110
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer cantell
you how many miles you
have driven since you last
set it to zero. To reset it,
push the button.
L
Warning Lights, Gages and
Indicators
This section describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights go on when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you will see in
the details on the next few pages, some warning lights
come on briefly when you turn the ignition key just to
let you know they’re working. If you are familiarwith
this section, you should not be alarmed when this
happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving,or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do aboutit. Please follow the manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
111
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re abig help.
Fuel Gage
I
112
Your fuel gage tells
you about how much
fuel you have left,
when the ignition is on.
When the indicator
nears “E” (Empty), you
still have a little fuel
left, but you should get
more soon.
Here are four things that some owners ask about. None
of these show a problem with your fuel gage and are
normal operating characteristics:
0
At the service station, the gas pump shuts off before
the gage reads “F” (Full).
0
It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
gage indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a
little more or less than half the tank’s capacity to fill
the tank.
0
The gage moves a little when you turn a corner,
speed up or brake.
0
The gage doesn’t go back to “E” when you turn off
the ignition.
If the light comes onwhile you are driving, pulloff the
road and stop carefully.
You may notice that the pedal
is
Your Buick’s hydraulicharderto
push. Or, thepedal may go closertothe floor.
brake system is divided into It
may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, orif the
two parts. If one part isn’t
anti-lock brake system warning light is flashing,
have
working, the other part can the vehicle towed for service. (See “Anti-Lock
Brake
still work and stop you. For System Warning Light” and“Towing Your Buick” in the
good braking, though,you
Index.)
need both partsworking
well.
Brake System Warning Light
BRAKE
If the warning light comes on, there
couIld be a brake
problem. Haveyour brake system inspected right
away.
This light should come on as
you start the vehicle.If it
doesn’t come on then, have
it fixed so it will be ready to
warn you if there’s a problem.
The brake system warning light
will also comeon when
you set your parking brake, andit will stay on if your
parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stays on after
your parking brake is fully released,
it means you have a
brake problem.
113
I
Anti-Lock Brake SJ‘Stern Warning’Light
ANTILOCK
With anti-lock, this
light will come on
when you start your
engine andit will stay
on for three seconds.
That’s normal. If the
light doesn’t comeon,
have it fixed so it will
be ready towarn you if
there isa problem.
If the light flasheswhen you’re driving,you don’t have
anti-lock brakes andthere’s a problem with your regular
brakes. Pulloff the road and stopcarefully. You may
notice that the pedal is harder to push.
Or, the pedal may
go closer to the
floor. It may take longer to stop. Have
the vehicletowed for service. (See“Towing Your
Buick” in the Index.)
114
If the anti-lock brakesystem warning light stays on
longer than normal after you’ve startedyour engine, turn
the ignitionoff. Or, ifthe light comes on and stays on
when you’re driving, stop as soon as possible and turn
the ignition off. Then start the engine again to reset the
system. If the light still stayson, or comes on again
while you’re driving,your Buick needs service. If the
light is on but not flashing and theregular brake system
warning light isn’t on, you still have brakes,but you
don’t have anti-lockbrakes.
1
I
Anti-Lock Brake System Active Light
LOW
TRACTION
When your anti-lock
system is adjusting
brake pressure to help
avoid a braking
skid, the“LOW
TRACTION’ light
will come on.
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning
Light
k
F-
4ccN
TEMP
This light tellsyou that
your engine coolant has
overheated oryour radiator
cooling fan isnot working.
If you have been operating
your vehicle under normal
driving conditions,you
should pull off the road,
stop your vehicle and turn
the engineoff as soon as
possible.
Slippery road conditions will exist if this light comes on,
so adjust your driving accordingly. The light
will stay on
for a few seconds after the system stops adjusting brake The chapter “Problems on the Road,” in this manual
pressure. The“LOW TRACTION” light also comeson
explains what to do. See “Engine Overheating”
in the
briefly, as abulb check, when the engine is started.
Index.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
100
-E-
260
T lm,
\
TEMPERATURE
\ \
i
This gage shows the engine
coolant temperature. If the
gage pointer moves into the
red area, your engine is too
hot!
That reading means the same thing as the warning light.
It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If you
have been operating your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
The chapter “Problems on the Road,” in this manual
explains what to do. See “EngineOverheating” in the
Index.
116
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Service Engine Soon Light)
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
A computer monitors
operation of your fuel,
ignition and emission
control systems. This light
should come on when the
ignition is on, but the
engine is not running, as a
check to show you it is
working.
If it does not come on at all, have it fixed right away. If
it stays on, or it comes on while you are driving,the
computer is indicating that you have a problem. You
should take your vehicle in for service soon.
I NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light on,
after a while the emission controls won’t work as
well, your fuel economy won’t be as good and
your engine may not run as smoothly. This could
lead to costly repairs not covered
by your
warranty.
The engine could be low on oil, or could have some
other oil problem. Have.your vehicle serviced
immediately.
The oil light could also come on in three other
situations:
0
When the ignition is on but the engine is not running,
the light will come on as a test to show you it is
working, but the light will go out when you turn the
ignition to “Start.” If it doesn’t come on with the
ignition on, you may have a problem with the fuse or
bulb. Have it fixed right away.
0
Sometimes when the engine is idling at a stop, the
light may blink on and off. This is normal.
0
If you make a hard stop, the light may come on for a
moment. This is normal.
Engine Oil Pressure Light
OIL
If you have a problem with
your oil, this light may stay
on after you start your
engine, or come on when
you are driving. Stop your
car and shut off the engine
if this light stays on. This
indicates that oil is not
going through your engine
quickly enough to keep it
lubricated.
117
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected
oil
problems can be costly and
is not covered by
your warranty.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on, be
certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the radio
Battery Light
The battery warning light
will come on briefly when
you turn on the ignition, but
the engine is not running,
as acheck to show you it is
working.
118
Then it should go out. If it stays on, or corn-es6n %bile
you are driving,you may have a problem with the
electrical charging system. It could indicate that you
have a loose generator drive belt or another electrical
problem. Have it checked right away. Driving while this
light is on could drain your battery.
and air conditioner.
Voltage Indicator
Liftgate Ajar Warning Light (Wagon)
When your engine is not
running, but the ignition is
on (in the “Run” position),
the gage shows your
battery’s state of charge in
DC volts. When the engine
is running, the gage shows
the condition of the
charging system. Readings
between the red warning
zones indicate the normal
operating range.
TAILGATE
AJAR
The “TAILGATE AJAR”
light on your instrument
panel will come on if your
liftgate is not completely
closed.
Readings in either red warning zone indicate a possible
problem in the electrical system. Have your vehicle
serviced immediately.
119
120
Part 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this part you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control systems and audio systems offered with your Buick .
Be sure to read about the particular system supplied with your vehicle .
Part 3 includes:
Comfort Control System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
i22
Airconditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
122
123
Ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heater and Defroster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
123
RearWindowDefogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
123
Audiosystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
125
Radio Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
126. 128. 130
TapePlayerControls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
130
132
CDPlayerControls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Care of Cassette Tape Player and Tapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
CareofCompactDiscs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
136
Power Antenna Mast Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
137
Your Buick Comfort Control System
Air Conditioning
The upper lever has three air conditioner settings. On
very hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot
inside air escape. This reduces the amount of work your
air conditioner's compressor will have to do, which
should help fuel economy.
MAX: Provides maximum cooling with the least
amount of work. This setting recirculates much of the
air inside your vehicle so it maximizes your air
conditioner's performance and fuel economy.
NORM (Normal): Use for normal cooling on hot days.
This setting cools outside air anddirects it through the
instrument panel outlets.
The airconditioner and heater work best if you keep
your windows closed while using them. Your vehicle
also has the flow-through ventilation system described
later in this section.
Lever Controls: The upper lever changes the functions
of your system. The lower lever changes the temperature
of the air coming through the system.
The lever next to the fan symbol selects the force of air
you want.
To turn the fan off, move the upper
lever to the OFF
_ _
position.
BI-LEV (Bi-Level): Use this on cool, but sunny days.
This setting brings in the outside air, and directs it in
two ways. The cool air is directed to the upper portion
of your body through the instrument panel outlets, and
warmed air is directed through the heater ducts and
defroster vents. At times this temperature difference
may be more apparent than others.
The airconditioner compressor operates in all Air
Conditioning positions, and in Defrost when the outside
temperature is above about40°F (4.5"C).
Ventilation
Defog
For mild outside temperatures, when little heating or
cooling is needed, slide the upper lever to VENT. Air
flow is through the instrument panel outlets. Rotate the
control next to the outlets toturn on, adjust or turn off
the air flow. Adjust the lower lever on the control panel
to the temperature desired.
To quickly defog the windshield, set the upper lever to
DEF and move the fan switch to HI . Slide the lower
lever to HOT.
Heating
When outside temperatures are cold,sliding the upper
lever to HEATER and the lower lever to HOT will send
heated air through the heater ducts, and somethrough
the defroster vents. VENT and HEATER are labeled
ECONOMY positions because the air conditioner
compressor doesn't run in these two settings. This
reduces engine load, resulting in improved fuel
economy. If either setting fails to keepyou comfortable,
or causes your windows to fog up, slide the upper lever
to one of the Air Conditioning positions, or to DEF
(Defrost).
In damp, cool weather (temperatures about 45 "-65"F,
7"- 18"C), you can use BI-LEV to defog the side
windows. Set the upper lever to BI-LEV and the fan
switch to HI. Aim the side vents toward the side
windows. For increased air flow to the side vents, close
the center vents.
Rear Window Defogger (Option)
The rear window defogger
uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear
window. In winter, it can
also keep ice from forming
on the rear window.
Defrosting
The DEFsetting directs most of the air through the
defroster vents, and some through the heater ducts.
132
Press the ON portion of the switch. Theindicator light
will glow. The rear window defogger will turn off
automatically after about 10 minutes of use. You can
also turn it off by turning off the ignition or pressing the
OFF portion of the switch.
I NOTICE:
Don’t usea razor blade or somerning else sharp
on the insideof the rear window.If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Flow-Through Ventilation System
Your Buick’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside airinto the vehicle when it is moving. Outside
air will also enterthe vehicle when the heater or the air
conditioning fan is running.
124
Ventilation Tips
Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow, or
any other obstruction (such as leaves). The heater
and defroster will work far better, reducing the
chance of fogging the inside of your windows.
When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, turn the
blower fan to HI for a few moments before driving
off. This helps clear the intake ducts of snow and
moisture, and reduces the chance of fogging the
inside of your windows.
Keep the air path under the front seats clear of
objects. This helps air tocirculate throughout your
vehicle.
Audio Systems
AM Stereo
Your Delco@ audiosystem has been designed to operate
easily and give years of listening pleasure. But you will
get the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself
with it first. Find out what your Delco@system can do
and how to operate all its controls, to be sure you're
getting the most out of the advanced engineering that
went into it.
Your Delco@system may be able to receive C-Quam@
stereo broadcasts. Many AM stations around the country
use C-Quam@to produce stereo, though some do not.
(C-Quam@ is a registered trademark of Motorola, Inc.)
If your Delco' system can get C-Quam@ signals,your
stereo indicator light will come on when you are
receiving it.
FM Stereo
Be aware that hearing damage from loud noise is almost
undetectable until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt
to higher volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal
can be loud and harmful to your hearing. Take
precautions by adjusting the volume control on your
radio to a safe sound level before your hearing adapts
to it.
FM stereo will give you the best sound. But FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can also
pick up noise from things like storms and power lines.
Try reducing the treble to lower this noise.
125
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it's very important
to doit properly. Addedsound equipment may
interfere with the operation of your vehicle's
engine, Delco@radio or other systems, and even
damage them. And,your vehicle's systems may
interfere with the operation of sound equipment
that has been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, checkwith
your dealer and be sure to check Federalrules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
--
--
To Play This Radio
Power
Press PWR to turn the radio on and off when the
ignition is on.
Upper Knob
Rotate the knob to control the volume. When the
ignition is off, press the knob to display the time.
Balance
The BAL control behind the upper knob adjusts the
left/right speaker balance.
126
Lower Knob
Pushbuttons
Rotate the lower knob to tune in radio stations.Press it
to change between the AM and FM bands.
The four pushbuttons let you return to favorite stations.
To set the pushbuttons for up to fourteen stations (7 AM
and 7 FM:
Fade
The FADE control behind the lower knob adjusts the
front/rear speaker balance.
1. Use the lower knob (TUNE) to tune in the station
you want.
Treble
2. Press SET. The SET indicator will appear in the
display.
Slide this lever up to increase treble, or down to
decrease it. If a station is weak or noisy, reduce the
treble.
3. Within 5 seconds, press one of the four pushbuttons.
Whenever you push that button again, the preset
station will return.
Bass
Up to three more stations may be preset on each band by
pressing two pushbuttons that are next to each other, at
the same time.
Slide thislever up to increase bass, or down to decreaseit.
Scan
Press the SCAN button to hear each station for a few
seconds. Push it again to stop scanning.
Seek
rress the SEEK button to go to the next higher station
and stay there. Push it again and it will find the next
higher station.
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press SET, and within five seconds press any two
pushbuttons that are next to each other at the same
time. The station will return when the same two
pushbuttons are pressed again.
Clock
To set the clock,
1. Press the SET button.
127
2. Within 5 seconds, press and hold SCAN until the
correct hour appears on the display.
When the ignition is off, press the knob to display
the time.
3. Press and hold SEEK until the correct minute
appears on the display.
When a tape is playing, press the knob t.o hear the
other side of the tape.
Balance
......_.__”
.... ........ .”... ..7
~
The BAL control behind the upper knob adjusts the
left/right speaker balance.
Lower Knob
This knob does twothings:
Rotate it to tune in radio stations.
Press it to change between the AM and FM bands.
Fade
To Play This Radio
The FADE control behind the lower knob adjusts the
front/rear speaker balance.
Power
Press PWR to turn the unit on and off when the ignition
is on.
Upper Knob
The upper knob does these things:
0
Rotate VOL to control the volume.
128
Treble
Slide this lever up to increase treble, or down to
decrease it. If a station is weak or noisy, reduce the
treble.
Bass
Slide this leverup to increase bass, or downto decrease it.
Up to three more stations may be preset on each band by
pressing two pushbuttons that are next to each other, at
the same time.
Scan
1. Tune in the desired station
Press the SCAN button to hear each station for a few
seconds. Push it again to stop scanning.
2. Press SET, and within five seconds press any two
pushbuttons that are next to each other at the same
time. The station will return when the same two
pushbuttons are pressed again.
Seek
Press the SEEK button to go to thenext higher station
and stay there. Push it again and it will find the next
higher station.
To set the clock,
Pushbuttons
1. Press the SET button.
The four pushbuttonslet you return to favorite stations.
To set the pushbuttons for up to fourteen stations
(7 AM and 7 FM:
2. Within 5 seconds, press and hold SCAN until the
correct hour appears on the display.
1. Use the lower knob (TUNE) to tune in the station
you want.
2. Press SET. The SET indicator will appear in the
display.
3. Within 5 seconds, press one of the four pushbuttons.
Whenever you push that button again, the preset
station will return.
Clock
3. Press and hold SEEK until the correct minute
appears on the display.
Dynamic Noise Reduction
Press the DNR@button to select the Dynamic Noise
Reduction system that reduces background hiss on AM
and FM radio broadcasts, as well as on cassette tapes.
You may want to leave it pushed in all the time.
129
To Play a Cassette Tape
Stop-Eject
With the power switch on, insert a tape into the cassette
door. Using tapes that are longer than 90 minutes
(45 minutes on each side) is not recommended.
To stop playing a tape, fully press this button. The
cassette will eject, and the radio will begin playing.
When the right indicator arrow is lit, selections listed on
the bottom side of the cassette areplaying. When the left
arrow is lit, selections listed on the topside of the
cassette are playing. To change sides of the tape, press
the upper control knob (VOL ) while the cassette is
playing. The tape player automatically begins playing
the other side when it reaches the end of the tape.
Fast Forward
To rapidly advance the tape, press the button with the
arrow pointing in the same direction the tape is playing.
To stop fast forward, lightly press the STOP-EJECT
button.
To Play This Radio
Reverse
Power
To rapidly reverse the tape, press the button with the
arrow pointing in the opposite direction the tape is
playing. To stop reverse, lightly press the STOP-EJECT
button.
Press PWR to turn the unit on and off when the ignition
is on.
130
Upper Knob
Scan
This knob does two things:
Press the SCAN button to hear each station for a few
seconds. Push it again to stop scanning.
0
0
Rotate VOL slightly to the left or right to control the
volume.
Press it to mute the radio or tape player. Press again
to listen.
Balance
The BAL control behind the upper knob adjusts the
left/right speaker balance.
Lower Knob
Seek
Press the SEEK button to go to the next higher station
and stay there. Push it again and it will find the next
higher station.
Recall
Press RCL to alternate the display between the time and
station frequency. When the ignition is off, press to
display the time.
This knob does two things:
0
0
Rotate TUNE slightly to the left or right to tune in
radio stations. If you hold it to the left or right, it will
tune rapidly.
Press to change between the AM and FM bands. The
band you select will appear on the digital display.
Fade
The FADE control behind the lower knob adjuststhe
front/rear speaker balance.
Bass
Press BASS up or down to increase or decrease the bass
level. Press the center of the button for the factory preset
level.
Treble
Press TREB up or down to increase or decrease the
treble level. Press the center of the button for the factory
preset level. If a station is weak or noisy, reduce the
treble.
131
Pushbuttons
The five pushbuttons let you return to favorite stations.
1. Use the lower knob (TUNE) to tune in the station
you want.
2. Press SET. The SET indicator will appear in the
display.
3. Within 5 seconds, press one of the five pushbuttons.
Whenever you push that button again, the preset
station will return.
Clock
To set the clock,
1. Press the SET button.
2. Within 5 seconds, press and hold SCAN until the
correct hour appears on the display.
3. Press and hold SEEK until the correct minute
appears on the display.
To Play a Compact Disc:
Before you begin, please note: Don’t use mini-discs that
are called singles. They won’t eject. Use only full-size
compact discs.
1. Press PWR to turn the radio on.
132
2. Insert a disc part-way into the slot, with the label
side up. The player will pull it in. In a few seconds,
the disc should play.
If the disc comes back out and/or Err appears on the
display:
0
The disc may be upside down.
0
The disc may be dirty, scratched or wet.
There may be too much moisture in the air (wait
about one hour and try again).
The player may be too hot, or the road may be too
rough for the disc to play. As soon as things get back
to normal, the disc should play.
While a disc is playing, the CD indicator is displayed.
Recall
Press RCL once to see which track is playing. Press
again within five seconds to see how long your selection
has been playing. The track number also will be
displayed when the volume is changed or a new track
starts to play.
Compression
Depressing COMP makes soft and loud passages more
equal in volume. Press again to resume normal play.
Random
Scan
Press RDM to play tracks in random, rather than
sequential, order. Press the button again to play tracks
sequentially.
Press SCAN to play each track for approximately ten
seconds. Scan will continue until SCAN is pressed again
or another button is pressed.
Reverse
Stop/Play
Press REV and hold to rapidly back up to a favorite
passage. Release to resume playing.
Press S T P L to stop the disc player; the radio will play.
Press again to play the disc (the player will start playing
the disc where it was stopped earlier).
Fast Forward
Press FWD and hold to rapidly advance the disc.
Release to resume playing.
Previous
Press PREV to play a track again. If you hold or keep
pressing the PREV button, the disc will keep backing up
to previous tracks.
Eject
Press EJCT to eject the disc; the radio will play. You can
also eject the disc with the radio or ignition off.
If you press PWR or turn off the ignition, the disc will
stay in the player and start again when you turn on the
ignition or power switch. The disc will begin playing at
the point where it had been stopped.
Next
Press NEXT when you want to hear the next track. If
you hold or keep pressing the NEXT button, the disc
will keep advancing to other tracks.
133
CD Player Anti-Theft Feature
5. Press SET and “000” will appear on the display.
Delco LOC I1 is a security feature forthe compact disc
player. It can be used or ignored. If ignored, the system
plays normally. If it is used, your player won’t be usable
if it is ever stolen, because it will go to LOC mode any
time battery power is removed. Until an unlock code is
entered, it will not turn on.
6. Press the SEEK button to make the first number
The instructions below tell you how to enter a secret
code into the system. If your vehicle loses battery power
for any reason, you must unlock the system with the
secret code before the radio will turn on. Be sure toread
through the entire procedure and become familiar with
the appropriate buttons and knobs before starting.
1. Write down any six-digit number and keep it in a
safe place.
2. Turn the ignition to the ACC or RUN position.
3. Press the PWR button to turn the radio off.
4. Press the 1 and 4 pushbuttons together. Hold them
down until “---” shows on the display.
You are ready to enter your secret code. If you pause
more than 15 seconds between steps, you may have
to start the procedure over.
134
appear.
7. Rotate the TUNE knob right or left to make the last
two numbers agree with your code.
8. Press the lower (BAND) knob and “000”will appear
again.
Now you are ready to enter the last three digits of
your code by repeating steps 6 and 7 for the last
three digits of your code.
9. Press the lower (BAND) knob and “rEP” will appear
for five seconds and then “000” will appear
indicating that some steps are to be repeated.
10.Repeat steps 6 , 7 and 8.
11. Press the lower (BAND) knob. If the display shows
“SEC” it indicates that the process was successful
and the radio is secure. If the display shows “---,”
the steps were not successful and the process must be
repeated to secure.
To Unlock the System After a Power Loss
When battery power is reapplied to a secured radio, the
radio won’t turn on and “LOC” will appear on the
display. Enter your secret code as follows; pause no
more than 15 seconds between steps.
1. Turn the ignition on. (Radio off.)
2. Press the SET button. The display will show “000.”
3. Enter the six digits of your code following steps 6-9
on the preceding. The display will show the numbers
as entered.
4. Press the lower (BAND) knob and SEC appears,
then the time, indicating that the disabling sequence
was successful.
Disabling the Anti-Theft System:
1. Press the I and 4 buttons together for fiveseconds with
ignition on and radio power off. The display will show
“SEC,” indicating the unit is in the secure mode.
2. Press the SET button. The display will show “OOO.”
3. Enter the first three digits of your code following
step 6 and 7of the preceding paragraphs. The display
will show the numbers as entered.
4. Press the lower (BAND) knob. The radio will
display “000.”
5. Enter the second three digits of the code. Thedisplay
will show the numbers as entered.
6. Press the lower (BAND) knob.If the display shows
“--- , the disabling sequence was successful (the
numbers matched the user-selected code or the
factory back-up code) and the unit is in the
UNSECURED mode. If the display shows “SEC,”
the disabling sequence was unsuccessful and the
numbers did not match either of the codes and the
unit will remain in the SECURED mode.
”
135
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Clean your tape player witha wiping-action, non-abrasive
cleaning cassette,and follow thedirectionsprovided with it.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may
degrade over time. Always make sure that the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
I
P
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes, or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases awayfrom contaminants, direct sunlight, and
extreme heat. If they aren't, they may not operate
properly or cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly each month
or after every 15 hours of use. If you notice a reduction in
sound quality, trya known good cassette to see if the tape
or the tape player is atfault. If this other cassette has no
improvement in sound quality, clean the tape player.
136
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping only from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged. If the mast should ever become
slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand. If the
mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, you should
replace it.
Check every once in a while to be sure the mast is still
tightened to the fender.
Power Antenna Mast Care
Your power antenna will
look its best and work well
if it’s cleaned from timeto
time.
4. Wipe dry with clean cloth before retracting.
5. Make the antenna go up and down by turning the
radio or ignition on and off.
6 . Then repeat if necessary.
NOTICE:
I
Don’t lubricate the power antenna.Lubrication
could damage it.
NOTICE:
To Clean the Antenna Mast:
1. Turn on the ignition and radio to raisethe antenna to
full mast extension.
2. Dampen a clean cloth with mineral spirits or
equivalent solvent.
Before entering an automatic car wash, turn off
your radio to make the power antennago down.
This will prevent the mast from possibly getting
damaged. If the antenna does not go down when
you turnthe radio off, it may be damaged or need
to be cleaned.In either case, lower the antenna
by hand by carefully pressing the antenna down.
3. Wipe cloth over the mast sections, removing any dirt.
137
1940 Buick Model 51G
138
Part 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about drivingon different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions . We’ve
also included many other useful tips on driving .
Part 4 includes:
DefensiveDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
140
DrunkenDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
140
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
144
Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
144
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
147
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
LossofControl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
151
DrivingatNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
152
DrivingintheRain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
154
CityDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
156
FreewayDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
157
HillandMountainRoads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
160
WinterDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
161
TowingaTrailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
165
139
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes. -.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to the
highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims every
year. Alcohol takes away three things that anyone needs
to drive a vehicle:
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive
defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
Buick: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads, or freeways,it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
140
Judgment
0
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol - a driver, a
passenger or someone else, such as a pedestrian, had
been drinking. In most cases, these deaths arethe result
of someone who was drinking and driving. About
20,000 motor vehicle-related deaths occureach year
because of alcohol, and thousands of people are injured.
Just how much alcohol is too much if a person plans to
drive? Ideally, no one should drink alcohol and then
drive. But if one does, then what’s “too much”? It can be
a lot less than many might think. Although it depends on
each person and situation, here is some general
information on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) of someone who is
drinking depends upon four things:
How much alcohol is in the drink.
0
The drinker’s body weight.
0
The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking.
The length of time i t has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-pound (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up witha
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or threemixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
1A1
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the sameperson drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or duringdrinking will have a
slightly lower BAC level.
DRINKING THAT WILL
RESULT IN A BAC nr 95%
IN THE TIM Sl., ...l
’ HOURS
HOURS
NUMBER
OF DRINKS
(as in plcture)
HOUR
100
120
140
160
180
200
BODY WEIGHT IN POUNDS
220
240
The law in most U.S. states sets the legal limit ata BAC
of 0.10 percent. In Canada the limit is 0.08 percent, and
in some other countries it’s lower than that. The BAC
will be over 0.10 percent after three tosix drinks (in one
hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it depends on how
much alcohol is in the drinks, and how quickly the
person drinks them.
But it’s veryimportant to keep in mind that the ability to
drive isaffected well below a BAC of 0.10 percent.
Research shows that the driving skills of many people
are impaired at a BAC approaching 0.05 percent, and
that the effects are worse at night. All drivers are
impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics
show that the chance of being in anaccident increases
sharply for drivers who have a BAC of 0.05 percent or
above. A driver with a BAC level of 0.06 percent (three
beers in onehour for a 180-pound or 82 kgperson) has
doubled his or her chance of having an accident. At a
BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of that driver
having an accident is six times greater; at a level of 0.15
percent, the chances are twenty-five times greater! And,
the body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up.
“I‘ll be careful” isn’t the right answer. What if there’s an
emergency, a need to take sudden action, as when a
child darts into the street? A person with a higher BAC
might not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the
collision.
A CAUTION:
There’s something elseabout drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse. That’s especially true for brain, spinal cord and
heart injuries. That means that if anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, the
chance of being killed or permanently disabled is higher
than if that person had not been drinking. And we’ve
already seen that the chance of a crash itself is higher for
drinking drivers.
143
Control of a Vehicle
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to dotheir work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle.
Braking
Braking action involves perception time and reaction
time.
First, you have to decide topush on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness,
coordination, and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol,
drugs and frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a
vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet
(20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an emergency,
so keeping enough space between your vehicle and
others is important.
144
And, of course, actual stopping distancesvary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; and the condition of your brakes.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy braking
-- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stopswhile you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when youbrake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your Buick has an advanced electronic braking system
that will help prevent skidding.
ANTILOCK
This light on the
instrument panel will
go on when you start
your vehicle.
When you start your vehicle, or when you begin to drive
away, you may hear a momentary motor or clicking
noise. And you may even noticethat your brake pedal
moves a little while this is going on. This is the ABS
system testing itself. If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, the anti-lock brake system
warning light will stqy on or flash.
See “Anti-lock Brake System Warning Light” in the
Index.
145
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions.
/
-
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at the
rear wheels.
146
You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t changethe time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal. If you get too
close to the vehicle in front of you, you won’t have time
to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or
stops. Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
To Use Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel the system
working, or you may notice some noise, but this is
normal. When your anti-lock system is adjusting brake
pressure to help avoid a braking skid, the “LOW
TRACTION” light will come on. See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Active Light” in the Index.
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to.
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curvesat a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While
you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you can
control.
147
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then
you suddenly accelerate. Both control systems -steering and acceleration -- have to do their work where
the tires meet the road. Adding the sudden acceleration
can demand too much of those places. You can lose
control.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it
to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
148
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be moreeffective than
braking. For example, you come over a hill and find a
truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls out
from nowhere, or a child darts out from between parked
cars and stops right in front of you. You can avoid these
problems by braking -- if you can stop in time. But
sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’sthe time for
evasive action -- steering around the problem.
Your Buick can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. It is better to remove as
much speed as you can from a possible collision. Then
steer around the problem, to the left or right depending
on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and
just asquickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
Off-Road Recovery
You may find sometime that your right wheels have
dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you're driving.
OFF ROAD RECOVERY
/
/
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive drivingat
all times and wear safety belts properly.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up to 1/4 turn until the
right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then turn
your steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.
149
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, ,moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or abrief surrender to frustration or angercan
suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
“Drive ahead.’’ Look down the road, to the sides,
and to crossroads for situations that might affect
your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait for
a better time.
Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken center line usually indicates it’s all right
to pass (providing the road ahead is clear). Never
cross a solid line on your side of the lane or a double
150
solid line, even if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing,
following too closely reduces your area of vision,
especially if you’re following a larger vehicle. Also,
you won’t have adequate spaceif the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable
distance.
When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
e If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
e Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next
vehicle.
e Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lights are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driverto get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area of less
danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a drivercan lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not
“overdriving” those Conditions. But skids are always
possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your Buick’s
three control systems. In the braking skid your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best
handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
151
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Driving at Night
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel, or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration, or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues -such as enough water, ice or packed snow on the road to
make a “mirrored surface’’ -- and slow down when you
have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock braking system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
152
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One
reason is that some drivers are likely to be impaired -- by
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
0
Drive defensively.
0
Don’t drink and drive.
0
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlights behind you.
0
Since you can’t see aswell, you may need to slow
down and keep more space between you and other
vehicles.
0
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlights can light up only so much road ahead.
0
In remote areas, watch for animals.
0
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place and
rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
have less trouble adjusting tonight. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlights, but they also make alot
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching lights.
It can take a second or two, or even several seconds, for
your eyes toreadjust to the dark. When you are faced
with severe glare (asfrom a driver whodoesn’t lower
the high beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlights),
slow down alittle. Avoid staring directly into the
approaching lights.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare atnight is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlights light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier topick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlights should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some driverssuffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even awareof it.
153
Driving in the Rain
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
.
.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road, and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape
and keep your windshield washer tank filled. Replace
your windshield wiper inserts when they show signs of
streaking or missing areas on the windshield, or when
strips of rubber start to separate from the inserts.
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
154
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
Hydroplaning
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires haven’t much tread or if the pressure in one or
155
more islow. It can happen if a lotof water isstanding
on theroad. If you can seereflections from trees,
telephone poles, or other vehicles, and raindrops
“dimple” the water’s surface, there could be
hydroplaning.
City Driving
Hydroplaning usually happens athigher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule abouthydroplaning. The
best advice is to slow
down when it is raining.
Some OtherRainy Weather Tips
0 Turn on your low-beam headlights -- not just your
parking lights-- to help make you more visible to
others.
I
Besides slowing down, allowsome extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
0
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires” in the Index.)
156
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing andpay attention to
traffic signals.
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
0
Know the best way to get to where you are going.
Get a city map and plan your trip into an unknown
part of the city just asyou would for a cross-country
trip.
Freeway Driving
..
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the
next section, “Freeway Driving.”)
Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light
is there because the corner is busy enough to need it.
When a light turns green, and just before you start to
move, checkboth ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running the red
light.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways,
parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or superhighways)
are the safest of all roads. But they have their own
special rules.
157
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keepto the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers aredriving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
as a passing lane.
left lane on freeway
a
At the entrance there isusually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance
ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determinewhere you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch onyour turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder asoften as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow areasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
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When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit do not, under
any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to the
next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a LongTrip
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in
Buick dealerships all across North America. They’ll be
ready and willing to help if you need it.
Here are somethings you can check before a trip:
Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean insideand outside?
0
Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
Fuel. Engine Oil. Other Fluids: Have you checked all
levels?
Lights: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
0
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine,and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it
happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and be
injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
0
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook along
your route? Should you delay your trip a short time
to avoid a major storm system?
0
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
0
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
0
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service,
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actuallysuch a condition as “highway
hypnosis”? Or is it just plain falling asleep at thewheel?
Call it highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or
whatever.
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
159
Hill and Mountain Roads
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you're
planning to visit there, here are sometips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
0
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system and
transaxle. These parts can work hard on mountain
roads.
Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the
slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep orlong hill.
I
.
.
. . .
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
160
Winter Driving
0
Know how to gouphill. You may want to shiftdown to
a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transaxle, andyou can climb thehill better.
0
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swingwide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speedsthat let
you stay in your own lane.
0
As you go overthe top of a hill,be alert. There couldbe
somethingin yourlane, like a stalled car or accident.
an
0
You may see highway signs on mountains
that warn
of special problems. Examples are long grades,
passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area, or
winding roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate
action.
Here are some tips forwinter driving:
0
Have your Buick in good shape for winter. Be sure
your engine coolant mix is correct.
0
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your vehicle.
161
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snowor ice between your tiresand the
road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll have a
lot less traction or “grip” and will needto be very careful.
.I.
L.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth, and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
162
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more troublebecause it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get “wet ice’’ when it’s
about freezing(32°F; OOC) and freezingrain begins to
fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand
crews can get there.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
e
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution. Accelerategently.
Try not to break the fragile traction. If you accelerate
too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface
under the tires even more.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your ability to makea
hard stop ona slippery road. Even though you have the
anti-lock braking system, you’ll want to begin stopping
sooner than you would on dry pavement. See
“Anti-lock” in the Index.
Allow greater following distance on any slippery road.
0
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clearroad, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings, or under bridges.
Sometimes the surfaceof a curve or an overpassmay
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could bein a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe: Turn on your hazard flashers. Tie a red
cloth to your vehicle to alert police that you’ve been
stopped by the snow. Put on extra clothing or wrap a
blanket around you. If you have no blankets or extra
clothing, make body insulators from newspapers, burlap
-
163
bags, rags, floormats -- anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
You can run the engine to keepwarm, but be careful.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, makeit go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
with your headlights. Let the heater run for awhile.
164
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preservethe heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long asyou can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do somefairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Towing a Trailer
1 NOTICE:
Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your
vehicle and result in costly repairs not covered
by your warranty.To pull a trailer correctly, follow
the advicein this section, and see your Buick
dealer for important information about towing
a
trailer with your vehicle.
Your car can tow a trailer if it is equipped with either the
2.2L L4 engine orthe 3 100 SF1 V6 engine andproper
trailer towing equipment. To identify what the vehicle
trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you should read
the information in “Weight of the Trailer” that appears
later in this section.But trailering is different than just
driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means changes
in handling, durability, and fuel economy. Successful,
safe trailering takes correct equipment,and it has to be
used properly.
That’s the reason for this section. Init are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these areimportant for your safety andthat of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
165
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies, and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine is
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points.
There are many different laws having to do with
trailering. Make sure your rig will be legal, not on!y
where you live but also where you’ll be driving. A
good source for this information can be state or
provincial police.
Consider using a sway control,
You can ask a hitch dealer about sway controls.
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles
(800 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle orother parts could be damaged.
0
Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make startsat full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
166
Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers (or no more than 55 mph (90 Km/h) to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
Weight of the Trailer
Your vehicle can tow normally up to 1,000 pounds
(450kg). If your vehicle has a 3100 V6 engine with a
four-speed automatic transaxle and is equipped with the
optional heavy-duty engine cooling system, it can tow
up to 2,000 pounds (900 kg).
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a
trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any
special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at Buick Motor Division,
Customer Assistance Center, 902 E. Hamilton Ave.,
Flint, MI 48550.
In Canada, write to General Motors of Canada Limited,
Customer Assistance Center, 1908 Colonel Sam Drive,
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7.
tongue (A) should weigh 12% of the total loaded trailer
weight (B).
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total capacity
weight of your vehicle. The capacity weight includes the
curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in
it, and the people who will be riding in the vehicle. And
if you will tow a trailer, you must subtract the tongue
load from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading
Your Vehicle” in the Index for more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the limit for
cold tires, You’ll find these numbers on the Certification
label at the rear edge of the driver’s door or see
“Loading Your Vehicle” inthe Index. Thenbe sure you
don’t go over the GVWlimit for your vehicle.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by, and rough roads are a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules tofollow:
B
If you’re using a “dead-weight” hitch, the trailer tongue
(A) should weigh 10% of the total loaded trailer weight
(B). If you have a “weight-distributing” hitch, the trailer
I
0
Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do,
then be sure to sealthe holes later when you remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can getinto your
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index). Dirt
and water can, too.
167
The bumpers onyour vehicle are not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to them. Use only a
frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to the
bumper.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safetychains under the
tongue of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to
the road if it becomes separated from thehitch.
Instructions aboutsafety chains may be provided by the
hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for
attaching safety chains. Always leave just enough slack
so you can turn with your rig. And, never allow safety
chains to drag onthe ground.
Trailer Brakes
Does your trailer have its own brakes? Be sure to read
and follow the instructions for the trailer brakes so
you’ll be able to install, adjust andmaintain them
properly. Because you have anti-lock brakes, do not try
to tap intoyour vehicle’s brake system. If you do, both
brake systems won’t work well, or atall.
168
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly so
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform,
safety chains, electrical connector, lights, tires and
mirror adjustment. If the trailer has electric brakes, start
your vehicle and trailer moving and then apply the
trailer brake controller by hand to be surethe brakes are
working. This lets you check your electrical connection
at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lights and any trailer brakes
are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
Making Turns
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft
shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees, or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have a
different turn signal flasher and extra wiring. The green
arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever
you signal a turn or lane change. Properly hooked up,
the trailer lights will also flash, telling other drivers
you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your
instrument panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on
the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers
behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade.If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce the
possibility of engine and transaxle overheating.
If you are towing a trailer that weighs more than 1,000
pounds (450 kg) and you have an automatic transaxle
with Overdrive, you may prefer to drive in “D”instead
of Overdrive. An overdrive transmission is required if
towing a trailer more than 1,000 pounds (450 kg).
Parking on Hills
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer
attached, on a hill. If something goes wrong, your rig
could start to move. People can be injured, and both
your,vehicleand the trailer can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into “P”
(Park) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorbthe load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then, apply your
parking brake, and then shift to “P”(Park).
5. Release the regular brakes.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
Start your engine;
Shift into a gear; and
Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See theMaintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, belt, cooling system, and brake adjustment.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index
will help you find them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s
a good idea to review these sections before you start
your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts are
tight.
170
@) Part 5 Problems on the Road
I
I
Here you’ll find what to do aboutsome problems that can occur onthe road .
Part 5 includes:
HazardWarningFlashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
OtherWarningDevices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
“Jump”Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
TowingYourBuick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Engineoverheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
IfaTireGoesFlat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
193
ChangingaFlatTire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
CompactSpareTire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
If You’re Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
1I 1
Hazard Warning Flashers
m
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lights will flash on and off.
172
Press the button in to make
your front and rear turn
signal lights flashon
and off.
.-
Your hazard warning
flashers work no matter
what position your key is
in, and even if the key
isn't in.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet(100 m) behind your
vehicle.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
Buick. But please follow the steps below to do it safely.
To turn off the flashers,pull
out on the collar.
When the hazard warning
flashers are on, your turn
signals won't work.
173
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could resultin costly
damage to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered
by your warranty.
Trying to start your Buick by pushing or pulling it
won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
To Jump Start Your Buick:
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Turn off all
lights that aren’t needed, and radios. This will avo‘id
sparks and help save both batteries. And it could
save your radio!
I NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be coveredby
your warranty.
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries.
I NOTICE:
I
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground,both vehicles can be damaged.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure thevehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your car, and the bad grounding could damage
the electrical systems.
174
Find the positive (+) and nenative (-) terminals on each
battery.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic things
you should know. Positive (+) will go to positive (+) and
negative (-) will go to negative (-) or a metal engine part.
Don’t connect (+) to (-) or you’ll get a short that would
damage the battery and maybe other parts, too.
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could be damaged, too.
175
7. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery. Use a
remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
176
8. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to the
good battery’s negative
(-) terminal.
Don’t let theother end touch anythinguntil the next
step. The other end of the negative cabledoesn’t go to
the deadbattery. It goes to aheavy unpainted metalpart
on the engine of the vehicle with the deadbattery.
9. Attach the cable at least18 inches (45 cm) away
from the deadbattery, but not near engine partsthat
move. The electrical connection is just
as good there,
but the chanceof sparks gettingback to thebattery is
much less.
11. Try to start thevehicle with the dead battery. If it
won’t start aftera few tries, it probably needs
service.
12. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent
electrical shorting.Take care that they don’t touch
each other or any other metal.
-+7
GOOD B A ~ E R Y
DEAD BAlTERY
Remove cables in this order.
10.Now start thevehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for awhile.
177
Towing Your Buick
Try to have a GM dealer or a professional towing
service tow your Buick. The usual towing equipment is
a sling-type (A) or a wheel-lift (B) or carcarrier (C)
tow truck.
If your vehicle has been changed or modified since it
was factory-new by adding aftermarket items like fog
lamps, aero skirting, or special tires and wheels, these
instructions and illustrations may not be correct.
Before you do anything, turn on the hazard warning
flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
0
That your vehicle has front-wheel drive.
0
The make, model, and year of your vehicle.
0
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
0
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When the towing service arrives, let the tow operator
know that this manual contains detailed towing
instructions and illustrations. The operator may want to
see them.
178
When your vehicle is being towed, have the ignition key
off. The steering wheel should be clamped in a
straight-ahead position, with a clamping device
designed for towing service.Do not use the vehicle’s
be in
steering column lockfor this. The transaxle should
Neutral and the parking brake released.
179
Don’t have your vehicle towed on the front wheels,
unless you must. If the vehicle must be towed on the
front wheels, don’t go more than 35 mph (56 km/h) or
farther than 50 miles (80 km) or your transaxle will be
damaged. If these limits must be exceeded, then the
front wheels have to besupported on a dolly.
Front Towing Hookups
Before hooking up to a tow truck, be sure to read all the
information in “Towing Your Buick” earlier in this part.
1. Attach T-hook chains behind the front wheels into
the bottom of the floor pan on both sides.
180
E
2. Position a 4" x 4" wood beam across sling chains
with spacer blocks contacting the forward extensions
of the engine cradle.
3. Position the lower sling crossbar halfway between
the timber and the lower edge of the fascia.
181
Rear Towing Hookups
4. Attach a separate safety chain around the outboard
end of each lower control arm.
Before hooking up to a tow truck, be sure toread all the
information in “Towing Your Buick” earlier in this part.
1. Attach T-hook chains on both sides in the slotted
holes in the floor pan just ahead of the rear wheels.
.82
I
2. Position the lower sling crossbar directly under the
rear bumper.
3. Attach a separate safety chain to each side of the
axle inboard of the spring.
4. Be certain your vehicle is towed no faster than 35 mph
(56 km/h) and no farther than 50 miles (80 km) to avoid
damage to your transaxle.
183
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage or the warning
light about a hot engine on your Buick’s instrument
panel.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
I NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would notbe
covered by your warranty.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get the overheat warning but see orhear no
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
184
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. Turn off your air conditioner.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. Try to keep your engine under load (in a drive gear
where the engine runs slower).
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about ten minutes.
If the warning doesn't come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there's still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine
for two or three minutes while you're parked, to see if the
warning stops. But then, if you still have the warning,
TURN OFF THE ENGINE AND GET EVERYONE
OUT OF THE VEHICLE until it cools down.
When you decide it's safe to lift the hood, here's what
you'll see:
(A) Coolant recovery tank
(B) Radiator pressure cap
(C) Electric engine fan
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
185
I
I.
A
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
The coolant level should be at or abovethe “FULL
HOT” mark.
If it isn’t, you may have a leak in the radiator hoses,
heater hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere else in
the cooling system.
186
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at or above the“ADD” mark, add a 50/50 mixture of
clean water (preferably distilled) and a proper antifreeze at
the coolant recovery tank. (See “Engine Coolant” in the
Index for more information about the proper coolant mix.)
1 NOTICE:
I
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
I
If there seems tobe no leak, check to see if the electric
engine fan is running. If the engine is overheating, the
fan should be running. If it isn’t, your vehicle needs
service.
187
NOTICE:
In coldweather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater coreand other parts. Use
the recommended coolant.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at or
above the the “FULL HOT”mark, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant mix
directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling system is
cool before you do it.
188
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
NOTICE:
Your engine has a specific radiator
fill procedure.
Failure to follow this procedure could cause your
engine to overheat andbe severely damaged.
1
1. You can remove the
radiator pressure cap
when the cooling
system, including the
radiator pressure cap
and upper radiator hose,
is no longer hot. Turn
the pressure cap slowly
to the left until it first
stops. (Don't press
down while turning the
pressure cap.)
189
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
2. Then keep turning the
pressure cap, but now
push down as you turn
it. Remove the pressure
cap.
190
I
CAUTION:
You can be burnedif you spill coolant on hot
glycol
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene
-andit will burn if the engineparts are hot
enough. Pon’t spill coolant on .a hot engine.
3. After the engine cools, open the coolant air bleed
valve.
5. Rinse or wipe any spilled coolant from the engine
and compartment.
On the 3100 SF1 V6 (VIN Code M), it is located on
the thermostat bypass tube.
F
4. Fill the radiator with the proper mix, up to the base
of the filler neck.
6. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to “FULL HOT’’
mark.
If you see a stream of coolant coming froman air
bleed valve, close the valve. Otherwise, close the
valve after the radiator is filled.
191
7 . Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank, but
leave the radiator pressure cap off.
192
8. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine fan.
9. By this time the coolant level inside the radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mix through the filler neck until
the level reaches the base of the filler neck.
10.Then replacethe
pressure cap. At any
time during this
procedure if coolant
begins to flow out of the
filler neck,reinstall the
pressure cap. Be sure
the arrows on pressure
cap lineup like this.
11. Check the coolant in the recovery tank. The levelin
the coolant recoverytank should beat the “HOT”
mark when the engine is hot or at the“ADD” mark
when the engine is cold.
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here area few
tips aboutwhat to expect andwhat to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tirewill create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, then gently brake to a
stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the samecorrection you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot fromthe
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop, well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, thenext section shows how to use
your jacking equipmentto change a flat tire safely.
193
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire
and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place.
Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
The following stepswill tell you how to usethe jack and
change atire.
194
Sedan
Lift off the jack and remove the spare tire. Remove the
wheel wrench from the bag.
The equipment you'll need is stored in the trunk.
Pull the carpeting from the floor of the trunk. Turn the
center retainer bolt on the compact spare tire housing
counterclockwise to remove it, then lift the tire cover.
195
Wagon
I
To remove the spare tire cover:
The equipment you’ll need is stored in the rear of your
vehicle, behind the spare tire cover.
196
Fold down the third seat, if so equipped. Then release
the housing that covers the spare tire by carefully
pushing in on the top edgeof the cover.
Slide the spare tire cover back while lifting it up and out
of the lower track.
To remove the tire-changing equipment:
Remove the wing nut and retainer from the center of the
spare tire. Remove the spare tire.
197
Standard Wheel Cover
A
Turn the two wing nuts counterclockwise and remove
the jack retainer plate. Then pull out the jack and wheel
wrench.
198
You will be using the flat end of the wheel wrench to
remove the wheel cover. Pry along the edge of the wheel
cover until it comes off.
Wire Wheel Cover
Removing the wire wheel
cover requires this wire
wheel key wrench.
F1Put the flat end into the
notch and carefully pry the
small center coveroff.
Remove the theft deterrent
wheel nut by placing the
key end of the wire wheel
wrench over the nut and
turning it to the left. Pull
off the wire wheel cover.
P
Next, attach the wheel wrench to the bolt on the end of
the jack. Raise the jack a little by rotating the wheel
wrench clockwise (to the right).
Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.
Don't remove them yet.
Position the jack under the
vehicle nearest the tire to be
changed. The jacklocation
should be approximately
five inches (12.7 cm) from
the wheel well.
I NOTICE:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned will damage the vehicle or may
allow
the vehicle to fall off the jack. Be sure fit
tothe
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising your vehicle.
Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground so there is
enough room for the spare tire to fit.
Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
Remove any rust or dirt from the wheel bolts, mounting
surfaces or spare wheel.
Raise the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench
clockwise.
200
Place the spare on the
wheel mounting surface.
Replace the wheel nuts
with the rounded end of the
nuts toward the wheel.
Tighten each nut by hand
until the wheel is held
against the hub.
201
Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a criss-cross
sequence as shown.
Lower the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
202
Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover in the trunk or, if
you have the wagon, in the rear cargo area,until you
have the flat tire repaired or replaced.
Now put all the equipment back in the vehicle.
BOLT
I NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’tfit on your compact spare.
If you try to puta wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
Sedan
203
Wagon Spare Cover Replacement
WHEEL WRENCH
FULL SIZE FLAT
/
To install the spare tire cover in your station wagon
when you are finished changing the tire:
1. Put the front lower corner of the cover into the floor
track. Overlap the lower rear edge of the front panel
one to twoinches.
2. Slide the cover to the front;.the tabs must go under
the rear edge.
U T
JACK
USE TOP HOLE WITH VALVE STEM OUTBOARD
FOR STORAGE OF FULL-SIZE FLAT
Wagon
204
3. Insert the front upper corner into the track, at the
bottom of the glass.
4. Adjust the position of the cover to fit over the
weatherstrip. Push the panel down into the track in
the floor.
5. Push the panel to lock it into the track of the molding
at the bottom of the glass.
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compactspare was fully inflated when
your vehicle was new, it can lose air aftera time. Check
the inflation pressureregularly. It should be 60 psi
(420 kPa). After installing the compact spareon your
vehicle, you should stop as soon as possible and make
sure your spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact
spare is made to perform well at posted speedlimits for
distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km). The compact
spare is made to goup to 3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you
can finish your trip and have
your full-size tirerepaired
or replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best to
replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon as you
can. Your spare will last longer and be in good shape in
case you need it again.
I NOTICE:
Don’t takeyour compact spare through an
automatic car wash with guide rails. The
compact spare can get caught on the rails. That
can damage the tire and wheel, and maybe other
parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on some other vehicle.
And don’t mix your compact spare or wheel with other
wheels or tires. They won’t fit.Keep your spare and its
wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit yoUP-Cijimpct spare.Using
them will damage your vehicle and destroy the
chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
205
If You’re
Stuck:
In Sand, Mud, Ice or
Snow
What you don’t want to do when your vehicle is stuck is
to spin your wheels. The method known as “rocking”
can help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must
use caution.
I NOTICE:
Spinning your
vehicle as well
too fast while
forth, you can
wheels can destroy parts
of your
as the tires.If you spin the wheels
shifting your transaxle back and
destroy your transaxle.
Rocking your vehicle to get it out:
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back
and forth between “R” (Reverse) and a forward gear,
spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release the
accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on
the accelerator pedal when the transaxle is in gear. If
that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may need
to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out, see
“Towing Your Buick” in the Index.
206
.
@)
Part 6 Serviceand Appearance Care
~
~~~~~
Here you will find information about the careof your Buick . This part begins with service and fuel information.
and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels . There is also technical information about your
vehicle. and a section devoted to its appearance care.
Part 6 includes:
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
HoodRelease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212
EngineOil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213
Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218
220
TransaxleFluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enginecoolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
Powersteering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226
Windshield Washer Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
BulbReplacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .232
LoadingYourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .236
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .238
Appearancecare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Fuses and Circuit Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254
ReplacementBulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258
Capacities and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
207
Service
Your Buick dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to behappy with it. We hope you’ll go to your
dealer for all your service needs. You’ll get genuineGM
parts and GM-trained and supported service people.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts andlist
the mileage and the dateof any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have oneof these marks:
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to get the proper Buick Service Manual. It tells you
much more about how to service your Buick than this
manual can. To order the proper service manual, see
“Service Publications” in the Index.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Buick” in the Index.
208
NOTICE:
If you try to do your own service work without
knowing enough about it, your vehicle could be
damaged.
Fuel
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher. It should meet specifications ASTMD4814 in
the U.S. and CGSB 3.5-92 in Canada. These fuels
should have the proper additives, so you should not have
to add anything to the fuel.
In the U.S. and Canada, it’s easy to be sure you get the
right kind of gasoline (unleaded).You’ll see
“UNLEADED’ right on the pump. And only unleaded
nozzles will fit intoyour vehicle’s filler neck.
Be sure the posted octane is at least 87. If the octane is
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when
you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damageyour engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at 87 octane or higher and you
still hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service.
But don’t worry if you hear a little pinging noise when
you’re accelerating or driving up a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have to buy a higher octane fuelto get rid
of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that means
you have aproblem.
MTBE is “methyl tertiary-butyl ether.’’ Fuel that is no
more than 15% MTBE is fine foryour vehicle.
Ethanol is ethyl or grain alcohol. Properly-blended fuel
that is no more than 10% ethanol is fine for your
vehicle.
Methanol is methyl or wood alcohol.
NOTICE:
Fuel that is more than
5% methanol is bad for
your vehicle. Don’t use it.It can corrode metal
parts inyour fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty. And even5%
at
or less, there mustbe “cosolvents” and
corrosion preventersin this fuel to help avoid
these problems.
What about gasolinewith blending materials that
contain oxygen (oxygenates), suchas MTBE or alcohol?
209
Gasolines for Cleaner Air
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Your use of gasoline with deposit control additives will
help prevent deposits from forming in your engine and
fuel system. That helps keep your engine in tune and
your emission control system working properly. It’s
good for your vehicle, and you’ll be doing your part for
cleaner air.
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
U.S. or Canada, unleaded fuel may be hard to find. Do
not use leaded gasoline. If you use even one tankful,
your emission controls won’t work well or at all. With
continuous use, spark plugs can get fouled, the exhaust
system can corrode, and your engine oil can deteriorate
quickly. Your vehicle’s oxygen sensor will be damaged.
All of that means costly repairs that wouldn’t be covered
by your warranty.
Many gasolines are now blended with oxygenates.
General Motors recommends that you use gasolines with
these blending materials, such as MTBE and ethanol. By
doing so, you can help clean the air, especially in those
parts of the country that have high carbon monoxide
levels.
In addition, some gasoline suppliers are now producing
reformulated gasolines. These gasolines are specially
designed to reduce vehicle emissions. General Motors
recommends that you use reformulated gasoline. By
doing so, you can help clean the air, especially in those
parts of the country that have high ozone levels.
You should ask your service station operators if their
gasolines contain deposit control additivesand
oxygenates, and if they have been reformulated to
reduce vehicle emissions.
210
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
You can also write us at the following address for
advice. Just tell us where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation,
North American Export Sales (NAES)
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Filling Your Tank
I
The cap is behind a hinged door on the leftofside
your
vehicle.
To take off the cap, turnit slowly to the left
(counterclockwise).
Be careful notto spill gasoline.Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces assoon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Buick” in the Index.
211
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right until
you hear at least three clicks.
Checking Things Underthe Hood
Hood Release
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap,be sure to get the right
type. Your dealer can getone for you.If you get
the wrong type,it may not fitor have proper
venting, and your fuel tank and emissions
system might be damaged.
To open the hood, first pull
the handle inside the
vehicle. It is located on the
lower left side of the
instrument panel.
Then go to the front of the
vehicle and release the
secondary hood release.
Lift the hood.
212
Engine Oil
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accuratereading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are on
properly. Then just pull the hood down and closeit
firmly.
The 3100 V6 engine oil dipstick is located near the front
and center of the engine compartment.
213
The 2.2L L4 engine oil dipstick is located in the fill cap
near the front and center of the engine compartment.
Turn off the engine and give the oil a few minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
214
To Check Engine Oil
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip lower, and check the level.
When to Add Oil
What Kind of Oil to Use
If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you’ll need
to add some oil. But you must use the right kind. This
section explains what kind of oil to use. For crankcase
capacity, see “Capacitiesand Specifications” in the
Index.
Beginning midyear 1993, oils of the proper quality for
your vehicle will be identified with this new “starburst”
symbol, The “starburst” symbol indicates that the oil has
been certified by the American Petroleum Institute
(API), and is preferred for use in your gasoline engine.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil.
If your engine hasso
much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range,your engine could be damaged.
I
You should look for this on
the front of the oil
container, and use only oils
that display this new
symbol.
Just fill it enough to put the level somewhere in the
proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
215
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD Sw“nwl’l li, SELECT THE LOWEST
SAE VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THE EX. _____ TEMPERATURE RANGE.
As shown in the chart, SAE 5W-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, you can use S A E 1OW-30 if it’s going
to be 0°F (-18°C) or above. These numbers onan oil
container show it.+viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other
viscosity oils, such as SAE low-40 or SAE 20W-50.
If you cannot find oils with the new “starburst”symbo1
on thefront of the-container,you should look for and
use oils containing the following three things:
HOT
WEATHER
7
”F
SHor SG
t 100
“SH or SG” must be on the oil container, either by
itself or combined with other quality designations,
such as “SH/CD,” “SH,SG,CD,” “SG/CD,”
etc.
These lettersshow American Petroleum Institute
(API) levels of quality.
SAE 5W-30
+ 80
+ 60
+ 40
+ 20
0
Energy Conserving I1
f
WEATHER
216
Oils with these words on the container will help you
save fuel.
SAE 5W-30
PREFERRED
IF NEITHER SAE 5W-30 NORSAE 1OW-30
GRADE OILS AREAVAILABLE,SAE 30 .,.
GRADE MAY BE USED AT TEMPERATURES
ABOVE 40 DEGREES F (4 DEGREES C).
DO NOT USE SAE 1OW-40, SAE 2OW-50 OR
ANY OTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
These three things are usually included in a doughnut
shaped logo (symbol)on most containers. If you cannot
find oils with the “starburst” symbol, you should look
for oils with the doughnut shaped symbol,
containing
the three things noted above.
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything toyour oil. Your Buick dealer is
ready to advise if you think something should be added.
When to Change Engine Oil
See if any one of these is true for you:
NOTICE:
If you use oils that do not have either the
“starburst” symbolor an API SH or SG
designation, you can cause engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
GM Goodwrench@oil (in Canada, GM Engine Oil)
meets all the requirements foryour vehicle.
0
Most trips are less than 4 miles (6 km).
0
It’s below freezing outside and most trips are less
than 10 miles (16 km).
0
The engine is atlow speed most of the time (as in
door-to-door delivery, or in stop-and-go traffic).
0
You tow a trailer often.
0
Most trips are through dwty places.
If any one of these is true for your vehicle, then you
need to changeyour oil and filter every 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) or 3 months -- whichever comes first.
If none of them is true, change the oil every 7,500 miles
(12 500 km) or 12 months -- whichever comes first.
Change the filterat the first oil change and at every
other oil change after that.
217
Engine Coolant Heater
(Engine Block Heater)
Air Cleaner
An engine coolant heater can be a big help if you have
to park outside in very cold weather, 0°F (- 18“C) or
colder. If your vehicle has this option, see “Engine
Coolant Heater” in the Index.
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. (See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal
of oil products.)
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing
oil from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of
oil by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground,
into sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If
you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
218
Your air cleaner is on the driver’s side of the engine
compartment. To check or replace the filter, use a
screwdriver to loosen the hose clamp, then lift the
rubber duct.
Remove the wing nut and pull off the cover.
Remove and replace the filter. Replace the cover, wing
nut and rubber duct. Tighten the hose clamp.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when
to replace the air filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services’’ in the Index.
219
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
When to Check and Change
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed. Refer to the
Maintenance Scheduleto determine when to change
your fluid. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”
in
the Index.
How to Check
I NOTICE:
If the air cleaner is off, a backfire can cause a
damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily get
into your engine, which will damage it. Always
have the air cleaner in place when you’redriving.
Because this operation can be a little difficult,you may
choose to have this done atBuick
a dealership Service
Department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to followall the
instructions here, or you could get a falsereading on the
dipstick.
I NOTICE:
loo much or too littlefluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
engine parts
fluid couldcome out and fall on hot
or exhaust system, starting a fire. Besure to get
an accurate reading if you check your transaxle
fluid.
220
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
0
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).
0
At high speed for quite a while.
0
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
0
While pulling a trailer.
0
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in “P” (Park).
0
Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
Then, without shutting off the engine. follow these
steps:
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180°F to 200°F (82°C
to 93°C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above50°F
(10°C). If it’s colder than 50°F ( 10°C), you may have
to drive longer.
To check the fluid level
0 Park your vehicle on a level place and keep the
engine running.
0 With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in “P’ (Park).
221
The dipstick on the 2.2L L4 engine looks like this.
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
222
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower
level. The fluid level must be in the cross-hatched
area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
How to Add Fluid
Engine Coolant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
to determine what
kind of transaxle fluidto use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants”in the Index.
The following explainsyour cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating or if you need to add coolant to your
radiator, see “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on the
dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less
than a pint
(OSL). Don’t overfill. We recommend you use only
fluid labeled DEXRON@-I11or DEXRON@-IIE,
because fluidswith that label are made especiallyfor
your automatic transaxle. Damage caused by fluid other
than DEXRON@-I11or DEXRON@-IIEis not covered
by your new vehicle warranty.
After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
0
When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
The propercoolant for your Buick will:
0
Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C).
0
Give boiling protection up to 262 “F ( 128 “C).
0
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
0
Let the warning lights work as they should.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean water (preferably
distilled) and one-half antifreeze that meets “GM
Specification 1825-M,” which won’t damage aluminum
parts. You can also use a recycled coolant conforming to
GM Specification 1825-M with a complete coolant flush
and refill. If you use this mixture, you don’t need to add
anything else.
223
Adding Coolant
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mix, your engine
could overheat andbe badly damaged. The
repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mix can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
224
The coolant recovery tank is located on the passenger’s
side of the enginecompartment.
To Check Coolant
When your engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
“ADD” or a little higher. When your engine is warm, the
level should be up to “FULL HOT’’ or a little higher.
Add coolant mix at the recovery tank, but be careful not
to spill it.
To Add Coolant
If you need more coolant,add the proper mix at the
coolant recovery tank.
If the coolant recovery tank is completely empty, add
coolant to the radiator. (See “Engine Overheating”in the
Index.)
225
Radiator Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid
I NOTICE:
The power steering fluid
reservoir is located on the
passenger’s side of the
engine compartment.
Your radiator cap isa 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed
to prevent coolantloss and possible engine
damage from overheating. Be sure the arrows on
the cap line up with the overflow tube on the
radiator filler neck.
When you replace your radiator pressure cap, an AC@
cap is recommended.
Thermostat
How To Check Power Steering Fluid
Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coolant system. The thermostat stops the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
Unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
When you replace your thermostat, an AC@ thermostat
is recommended.
0
When the engine compartment is hot, the level
should be at the “H” (Hot) mark.
0
When the engine compartment is cool, the level
should be at the “C” (Cold) mark.
What to Add
Windshield Washer Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Scheduleto determine what
kind of fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
To Add
a
NOTICE:
When adding power steering fluidor making a
complete fluid change, always use the proper
fluid. Failureto use the proper fluidcan cause
leaks and damage hoses and seals.
The windshield washer reservoir is located on the
passenger’s side of the engine compartment.
The wagon rear washer fluid comes from the windshield
washer reservoir.
227
Open the cap labeled “WASHER FLUID ONLY.” Add
washer fluid until the bottle is full.
Brakes
Brake Master Cylinder
NOTICE:
Your brake master cylinder is here. It is filled with
DOT-3 brake fluid.
When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to
freeze and damage your washer fluid tank
and other parts of the washer system. Also,
water doesn’tclean as well as washerfluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only 3/4 full
when it’s very cold. This allows for
expansion, which could damage the tank if
it is completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer. It can damage your
washer system and paint.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
your master cylinder might go down. The first is that the
brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during
normal brake lining wear. When new linings are put in,
the fluid level goes back up. The other reason is that
fluid is leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you
228
should haveyour brake system fixed, since leak
a means
that sooner or later your brakes
won’t work well, or
won’t work at all. So, it isn’t a goodidea to “topoff’
your brake fluid. Adding brake fluid
won’t correct a
leak. If you add fluid when your linings are worn, then
you’ll have toomuch fluid when you get new brake
linings. You should add (or remove) brake fluid, as
necessary, only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
When your brake fluid falls to alow level, your brake
warning lightwill come on. See “Brake SystemWarning
Light” in the Index.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid,use only DOT-3 brake
fluid -- such as Delco Supreme11 (GM Part
No.1052535). Use new brake fluid from asealed
container only, and alwaysclean the brake fluid
reservoir cap before removing it.
@
NOTICE:
DOT-5 silicone brake fluid can damage
your vehicle. Don’t use it.
a Don’t let someone put in the wrong kindof
fluid. For example,just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in
your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly thatthey’ll have to
be replaced.
Brake fluid can damage paint, so be careful
not tospill brake fluid on your vehicle. If
,youdo, wash it off immediately. See
“Appearance Care”in the Index.
229
Brake Wear
Your Buick has front disc brakes and rear drum brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are
worn and new pads are needed. The sound may come
and go or be heard all the time your vehicle is moving
(except when you are pushing on the brake pedal
firmly).
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but if
you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise, have the rear
brake linings inspected. Also, the rear brake drums
should be removed and inspected each time the tires are
removed for rotation or changing. When you have the
front brakes replaced, have the rear brakes inspected,
too.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
230
Every time you apply the brakes moderately, with or
without the vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
Replacing Brake System Parts
Vehicle Storage
The braking system on a modern vehicle is complex. Its
many parts have to be of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to havereally good braking.
Vehicles we design and testhave top-quality GM brake
parts in them, as your Buick does when it is new. When
you replace parts of your braking system -- for example,
when your brake linings wear down and you have to
have new ones put in -- be sure you get new genuine
GM replacement parts. If you don’t, your brakes may no
longer work properly. For example, if someone puts in
brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the
balance between your front and rearbrakes can change,
for the worse. The braking performance you’ve come to
expect can changein many other ways if someone puts
in the wrong replacement brake parts.
If you’re not going to driveyour vehicle for 25 days or
more, take off the black, negative (-) cable fromthe
battery. This will help keep your battery from running
down.
Battery
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepareyour vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Every new Buick has a Delco Freedom’ battery. You
never have to add water to one of these. When it’s time
for a new battery, we recommend a Delco Freedom’
battery. Get one that has the catalog number shown on
the original battery’s label.
321
Halogen Bulbs
For the type of bulb, see the Index under "Replacement
Bulbs."
1. Turn the bulb assembly counterclockwise 1/6 turn,
pressing in firmly, until the flanges align with the
slots in the retainer ring.
2. Pull out the bulb assembly.
3. Disconnect the bulb base from the wiring harness by
lifting the plastic locking tab.
Headlamp Bulb Replacement
To replace the bulb
assembly:
1. Snap anew bulb into
the wiring harness (A).
Make sure the locking
tab (B) is over the lock
(C).
2. Install the bulb
assembly by putting the
small tab (D) in the
small notch in the
retainer ring (E).
3. Turn the bulb assembly 1/6 turn clockwise to lock it
in place.
232
Front Turn and Parking Bulb and/or Side
Marker Bulb Replacement
1. Raise the hood.
2. Insert a screwdriver into the loop of the spring,
which can be seen just behind the bulb assembly.
3. Pull the spring to the rear and slightly toward the
outside of the car until the detent releases from the
notch in the headlight mounting frame.
,I'
4. The bulb assembly is now loose. Pull it forward until
the bulb assembly can be reached.
To replace the turn/park bulb:
1. Rotate the bulb socket housing 1/4 turn
counterclockwise.
2. Push in and turn the bulb counterclockwise to
remove it.
3. Put in the new bulb and turn it clockwise.
4. Snap the wire connector onto the bulb assembly.
233
To reinstall thelamp:
1. Guide the latch spring
through the openingin
the metal inner panel.
I
...‘
To replace the side marker bulb:
1. Remove the socket by turningit counterclockwise
and pulling it straight out.
2. Remove the bulbby pulling it straight out of the
socket.
3. Insert the new bulb by pressing it straight into the
socket.
4. Insert the socketby pressing it straight into the bulb
hole and turningit clockwise.
2. Engage the two blades on the lamp into the slotson
the headlamp while engaging the two
pins at the rear
of the lamp openings into the sockets
on the rear of
the lamp. The lamp isnow in place.
3. Insert a screwdriver into the loop on the latch spring.
Pull the spring to the rear and slightly center
of the
vehicle until the detent engages into the
notch.
Taillight Bulb Replacement (Sedan)
For the type of bulb, see the Indexunder “Replacement
Bulbs.”
Replacing bulbsin the taillight housing is very difficult,
and we recommend that you see your dealer when you
need a bulb replaced.
Taillight Bulb Replacement (Wagon)
4. Press the bulb housing release lever and turn the
housing 1/6 turn counterclockwise to remove it.
For the type of bulb, see the Index under “Replacement
Bulbs.”
1. Open the liftgate.
5. To remove the bulb, push in and rotate it
counterclockwise.
6. Reverse all steps to reassemble the taillight.
2. Remove the three Phillips head screws.
3. Pull the taillight housing away from the body of the
vehicle.
235
Loading Your Vehicle
\
TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
OCCUPANTS
VEHICLE
CAP.
WT.
FRT. CTR. RR.
TOTAL
LBS.
KG
MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
DATE
GVWR
GAWR
FRT
GAWR
RR
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION
STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THEDATEOF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
CAPACITY
WEIGHT
XXX
COLD
TIRE
PRESSURE
SPEED
SIZE TIRE
PSI/KPa
RTG
FRT.
RR.
SPA.
IF TIRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PSD28KPa
SEE OWNER‘S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
I l r m l I :$#
\ INFORMATION
The other label is the Certification label, found on the
~
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Informationlabel
found on the rear edge of the driver’s door tells
you the
proper size,speed rating and recommended inflation
pressures for the tireson your vehicle. It also gives you
important information about the numberof people that
can be in your vehicle and the total weight that you can
carry. This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity Weight
and includes the weight of all occupants,cargo, and all
nonfactory-installed options.
rear edge of the driver’s door. It tellsyou the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the GVWR
(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for eitherthe front orrear
axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread it
out. Don’t carry more than 160 pounds (72 kg) in the
sedan trunk or 300 pounds (136 kg) in the six-passenger
wagon rear area.
I NOTICE:
I
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail becauseof overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else -- they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
237
Tires
We don't make tires. Your new vehicle comes with high
quality tires made by a leading tire manufacturer. These
tires are'warrantedby the tire manufacturersand their
warranties are delivered with every new Buick. If your
spare tire is adifferent brand than your road tires, you
will have a tire warranty folderfrom each of these
manufacturers.
238
Inflation - Tire Pressure
When to Check
The Tire-Loading Information label whichis on the rear
edge of the driver’s door shows the
correct inflation
pressures foryour tires, when they’re cold. “Cold”
means your vehicle has been sitting for at least three
hours or driven nomore than amile.
Check your tires once amonth or more.
I NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation
911
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires don’t
have enough air (underinflation) you can get:
Too much flexing
Too much heat
0 Tire overloading
Bad wear
Bad handling
0 Bad fuel economy.
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get:
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
Needless damagefrom road hazards.
Don’t forget your compact sparetire. It shouldbe at 60
psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gageto check tire
pressure. Simply looking at the
tires will not tell you the
pressure, especially if you have radial tires -- which
may look properly inflated evenif they’re underinflated.
If your tires have valve caps, be sure to put them back
on. They help preventleaks by keeping out dirt and
moisture.
239
Tire Inspection and Rotation
To make your tires lastlonger, have them inspected and
rotated at the mileagesrecommended in the
Maintenance Schedule. See “Scheduled Maintenance
Services” in the Index.
FRONT
Use this rotation pattern.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust thefront and
rear inflation pressure as ’shown onthe Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts are
properly tightened. See “WheelNut Torque’’ inthe
Index.
240
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 2/32 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tire i f
0
You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
0
You can see cord or fabric showingthrough the tire’s
rubber.
0
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
0
The tire has a puncture, cut, or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and sizeof tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way,
your vehicle will continue tohave tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by a “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replaceyour tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
241
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For
example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half
(1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and
may depart significantly from the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
-
Traction A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are: A, B,
and C. They represent the tire’s ability to stopon wet
pavement as measured under controlled conditions on
specified government test surfaces of asphalt and
concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based
on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests and does not
include cornering (turning) traction.
242
-
Temperature A, B, C
The temperature grades areA (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipateheat when tested under
controlled conditionson a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerateand reduce tire life, and
excessive temperaturecan lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to alevel of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades
B and A represent higher levels of performance on the
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tirethat is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed,underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately orin combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
These grades aremolded on the sidewalls of passenger
car tires.
While the tires available as standard or optional
equipment on General Motors vehicles may vary with
respect to these grades, all suchtires meet General
Motors performance standardsand have been approved
for use on General Motors vehicles. All passenger type
(P Metric) tires must conform to Federal safety
requirements in addition to these grades.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tirelife
and best overall performance.
In most cases, you will not need to have your wheels
aligned again. However, if you notice unusual tire wear
or your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the
alignment may need to be reset. If you notice your
vehicle vibrating when driving on asmooth road, your
wheels may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or badlyrusted.
If wheel nuts keep coming loose,the wheel, wheel bolts,
and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the wheel leaks
air, replace it (except some aluminumwheels, which can
sometimes be repaired). See your Buick dealer if any of
these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the sameload carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset, and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
243
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts,
Used Replacement Wheels
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts for your Buick
model.
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
NOTICE:
The wrongwheel can also cause problems
with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer/odometer
calibration, headlightaim, bumper height, vehicle
ground clearance, and tire or tire chain clearance
to the body and chassis.
244
Use tire chains only where legal and only when
you must. Useonly SAE Class “S” type chains
that are the proper size for your tires. Install
them on the front tires and tighten them as
tightly as possible with the ends securely
fastened. Drive slowly and follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hearthe
chains contacting your vehicle, stop and
retighten them. If the contact continues, slow
down until it stops. Driving toofast with chains
on will damage your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others canburst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
Buick, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always openyour doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to cleanyour vehicle:
0
Gasoline
0
Benzene
Naphtha
I NOTICE:
Don’t use anyof these unless this manual says
you can. In many uses, thesewill damage your
vehicle:
Laundry Soap
Bleach
ReducingAgents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Buick
Use a vacuum cleaner often to getrid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl or leather with a clean, damp cloth.
0
Carbon Tetrachloride
0
Acetone
Your Buick dealer has two GM cleaners, a solvent-type
spot lifter and a foam-type powdered cleaner. They will
clean normal spots and stains very well. Do not use
them on vinyl or leather.
0
Paint Thinner
Here are somecleaning tips:
0
Turpentine
0
0
Lacquer Thinner
0
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than others -and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
0
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often.A soft brush may be used if stains are
stubborn.
245
I
0
Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area
only. If you use them, don’t saturate the stained area.
0
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire
area immediately or it will set.
Using Foam-TypeCleaner on Fabric
0
Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
0
Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
I NOTICE:
I
0
Be careful with a hair dryer or heat
lamp. You
could scorch the fabric.
Wipe with a clean cloth.
Using Solvent-Qpe Cleaner on Fabric
0
Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following the
directions on the container label.
First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all.
Some spots and stains will dean off better with just
water and mild soap.
0
Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
If you need to usea solvent:
0
Don’t saturate the material.
0
0
Don’t rub it roughly.
0
As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
0
Rinse the section with a clean,wet sponge.
Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material with
a clean, dull knife or scraper. Use verylittle cleaner,
light pressure and clean cloths (preferably
cheesecloth). Cleaning should start at the outside of
the stain, “feathering” toward the center. Keep
changing to aclean section of the cloth.
0
Wipe off what’sleft with a slightlydamp paper towel
or cloth.
0
0
Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer or a heat
lamp.
When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately dry
the area with an air hose, hair dryer, or heat lamp to
help prevent a cleaning ring. (See the previous
NOTICE.)
246
Special Cleaning Problems
0
Greasy or Oily Stains
Such as grease, oil,butter, margarine, shoe polish,
coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic creams,
vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and asphalt.
0
Carefully scrape off excess stain.
0
Follow the solvent-type instructions described
earlier.
0
Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphaltwill stain if
left on a vehicle seat fabric. They should be removed
as soon as possible. Be careful, because the cleaner
will dissolve themand may cause them to spread.
If an odor lingers aftercleaning vomit or urine, treat
the area with a waterbaking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
Combination Stains
Such as candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili sauce and
unknown stains.
0
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with
cool water and allow to dry.
0
If a stain remains, clean it with solvent-type cleaner.
Cleaning Vinyl
Non-Greasy Stains
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Such as catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit,fruit juice,
milk, soft drinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood.
0
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do it more than once.
0
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth and
a solvent-type vinyl cleaner.
0
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
0
If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions
described earlier.
247
Cleaning Leather
Care of Safety Belts
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap.
Keep belts clean and dry.
For stubborn stains, use a mild solution of 10%
isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol) and 90% water.
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately. If dirt
is allowed to work into finish, it can harm the
leather.
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even makeit difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
248
Glass
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner (GM
Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner
will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust films.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals onthe inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later. If
abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield, Backglass and Wiper
Blades
If the windshield is not clear afterusing the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax
or othermaterial may be on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outsideof the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon-Ami Powder@ (GMPart No.
1050011). The windshield is clean if beads do not form
when you rinse it with water.
Clean the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth
soaked in full strength windshield washer solvent. Then
rinse the blade with water.
Wiper blades should be checked on a regular basis and
replaced when worn.
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Buick
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep
it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold
water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Don’t use strong soaps or chemicaldetergents. Use
liquid hand, dish or carwashing (mild detergent) soaps.
Don’t use cleaning agents that contain acid or abrasives.
All cleaning agentsshould be flushed promptly andnot
allowed to dry on the surface, orthey could stain. Dry
cotton
the finish with a soft, clean chamois or 100%
a
towel to avoid surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter your
vehicle.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your Buick may
be necessary to remove residue from the paint finish. You
can get GM approved cleaning products from your dealer.
(See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.)
Your Buick has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish. The
clearcoat gives more depthand gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made fora basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish.
I
I NOTICE:
Machine compoundingor aggressive polishing
on abasecoatklearcoatpaint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Aluminum Wheels (If So Equipped)
Your aluminum wheels have a protective coating similar
to the painted surface of your buick. Don’t use strong
soaps, chemicals, chrome polish, abrasive cleaners or
abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could
damage this coating. After rinsing thoroughly, a wax
may be applied.
White Sidewall Tires
Your Buick dealer has a GM White Sidewall Tire
Cleaner. You can use a stiff brush with the cleaner.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. (See “Recommended
Fluids & Lubricants’’ inthe Index.)
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Foreign Material
NOTICE:
If you have aluminum wheels, don’t use an
automatic vehicle wash that has hard silicon
carbide cleaning brushes. These brushes can
take off the protective coating.
250
Calcium chloride and other salts, ice melting agents,
road oil and tar, tree sap,bird droppings, chemicals from
industrial chimneys, and other foreign matter can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Use cleaners that are marked safe for painted
surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches
in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop intoa major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches canbe repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage canbe corrected
in your dealer’sbody and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snowremoval and dust
control can collect onthe underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust)can occur on the
underbody parts such as fuellines, frame, floor pan, and
exhaust system even thoughthey have corrosion
protection.
and other debris can collect.
Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frameshould be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer oran underbody vehicle washing system
can do this foryou.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditionscan create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces onyour vehicle. This damage
can take two forms:blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Buick
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout conditionwithin
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever comes first.
At least every spring, flush these materials fromthe
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas wheremud
251
Appearance Care and Maintenance Materials
You can get these from your Buick dealer.
I
I
I
PART
NUMBER
I
SIZE
See Your Maintenance Schedulefor Other Products
252
I
I
DESCRIPTION
I
USAGE
Service Parts Identification Label
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
I 1111 11111
11 II 111 I 11111n1 111 I 11111 1 1 1 I 11111111 111111 1111 I 111111 II
mIII11111111111
I1
11111111l111111111111111111111111111111111111l111II=
I
SAMPLE4UXRM072675
I
I
\ ASSEMBLY
PLANT
ENGINE A
4 f
CODE
MODEL YEAR
This is the legal identifier for your Buick. It appears on
a plate in the front cornerof the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth character in your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications, and replacement parts.
You’ll find this label on your spare tire cover in the
coupe or sedan. In the wagon, you’ll find the label on
the wheel well (remove the spare tire coverto expose
the wheel well). It’s very helpful if you ever need to
order parts. On this label is:
0
your VIN,
0
the model designation,
paint information, and
0
a list of all production options and special.
equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Add-on Electrical Equipment
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical
to your Buick
unless you check with
your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage
your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t
be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can
keep other components from working
as they
should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your Buick, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick” in the Index.
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers,
and fusible thermal links in the wiring itself. This
greatly reduces the chance of fires caused by electrical
problems.
The fuse panel is located inside the glove box, on the
left side.
To change a fuse, open the glove box. Pull down on the
fuse panel latch and open the door. Pull the fuse straight
out.
254
r
I
Fuse
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
I
16
Fuse Usage
Amp
Circuitry
Sensor
MAF
ECM,
15
(3 100 Engine
only)
20 Injectors/Coil
ECM
Automatic Door LockAJnlock
5
Turn Signal Flasher, Back-up Lights, Trunkbiftgate Release
15
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (Air Bag)
10
Tail, Park, Side Marker, License Plate, Stop/Turn Signal
20
Heater/Air Conditioner
20
Gages, Warning Indicators, Torque Convert Clutch, Audible Warning System, Computer Command
10
Control, Trunk Release, Brake Warning Indicator, Rear Defog Switch, Speedometer
Stop Lights, Hazard Flashers
20
Interior, Underhood, Courtesy,I/P, Trunk Lights, Door Locks, Horn Relay, Passive Restraint System, Deck
20
Lid Release, Power Antenna
Liftgate Release, Power Windows
30"
5
Illumination for: I/P, Radio, Pod Lights, Ashtray, Console Light, Heater-A/C Control, Defog Switch,
Headlight Switch
Radio, Cruise Control
10
Seats, Door Locks, Rear Defog
30"
Windshield WipefWash
25
Cigarette Lighter
20
255
snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor cools. If
the overload is caused by some electrical problem, have
it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Window
Options
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
Headlights
The headlight wiring is protected by a circuit breaker in
the light switch. An electrical overload will cause the
lights to go on and off or, in some cases, to remain off. If
this happens, have your headlight system checked right
away.
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit
breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to heavy
256
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect the power
windows and other power accessories. When the current
load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed.
Cigarette Lighter Fuse and Safety Belt Fuse
These fusesare located behind the glovebox. The fuse
holders are taped together with gray tape.
Other Fuses
The Safety Belt/Chime (ICAM) Module fuse and the
Remote Lock Control fuse are located behind the fuse
block, above thehush panel.
The Fuel Pump and ECM fuses arelocated under the
hood.
Century Dimensions
Inches Unless Otherwise Noted
Overall:
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Tread . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sedan
Wagon
189.1
69.4
54.2
104.9
58.7
56.7
190.1
69.4
54.2
104.9
58.7
56.7
Interior Rear:
Leg Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Head Room . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shoulder Room . . . . . . . . . .
Hip Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sedan
Wagon
35.9
38.3
34.8
38.9
56.0
56.0
54.3
54.3
16.2
41.6
3
3
3
3
2
Trunk Capacity:
Cu . Ft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interior Front:
Leg Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HeadRoom . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shoulder Room . . . . . . . . . .
Hip Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
42.1
38.6
55.9
50.0
42.1
38.6
55.9
50.0
Passengers:
Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear-Facing Third Seat . . . .
.
Base Curb Weight:
Lbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2974
3134
257
~
~~~
Replaceable Light Bulbs
Application
Number
Exterior
Back-up Lamps ........................
1156
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
Except Luggage Carrier Mounted . . . . . . . . 1141
Luggage Carrier Mounted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 577
Front Parking/Tum Signal Lamps . . . . . . . . . . 2057
Headlamps
9006
Low-Beam ..........................
High-Beam ..........................
9005
194
License Plate Lamps .....................
Rear Tail/Stop/Turn Signal Lamps ......... 2057
Tail Lamp Only .......................
194
Tail/Stop Only ........................
194
Sidemarker Lamps
Front ................................
194
Rear .................................
24
Underhood Lamp .......................
56 1
258
Application
Number
Interior
Air Conditioner/Heater Controls . . . . . . . . . . T- 1.0
Ashtray ...............................
194
161
Cluster Lighting ........................
561
Courtesy Lamps ........................
2 11-2
Dome ...............................
214-2
Dome Courtesy .......................
Domemeading Lamps ....................
906
Gear Selector Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194G
GloveBox .............................
174
Headlamp High-Beam Indicator ............ 194
Indicator Lamps ........................
194
SRS ....................
195
Indicator Lamp .
Map ..................................
168
Rear Compartment Lid Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1003
Rear Dome .
Wagon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211-2
194
Turn Signal Indicators ....................
Vanity Mirror ..........................
124
Capacities and Specifications
Engine Code 3100 MFI V6 Code M (L82)
Belt Tensions Automatically controlled by self-tensioning
a
idler
pulley. Tension adjustment should never be
necessary.
Cooling System Capacity Complete System - 1 1.6 quarts/l0.9 1iters
Crankcase Capacity (Less Filter) 4 quarts/3.8 liters
Air Conditioning Refrigerant Capacity (R-134a) 2.0 lbs. (0.90 kilograms)
Not all air conditioning refrigerantsare the same.
If the air conditioning system in your vehicle
needs refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant
is used. If you’re not sure ask your Buick dealer.
For additional information, see your “Warranty
and Owner Assistance Information’’ booklet.
Fuel Tank Capacity 16.5 gallons/62.6 liters
Automatic Transaxle Capacity (4T60-E) 4-Speed
Pan Removal and Replacement 6 quarts/5.7 liters
After Complete Overhaul 8 quarts/7.6 liters
Maintenance Item Part Numbers Air Filter - A1233C
Fuel Filter - GF580A
Oil Filter - PF47
PCV Valve - CV892C
Spark Plug - R44LTSM6, GAP 0.60” ( 1 SOmm)
3r n
Capacities and Specifications
I
I Engine Code 4 (LN2) 2.2L L4 PFI
Belt TensionsAutomatically controlledby an idler pulley.
Tension adjustment shouldnever be necessary.
Cooling System Capacity Complete System- 8.74 quarts/8.27 liters
Crankcase Capacity (Less Filter) 4 quarts/3.8 liters
Air Conditioning Refrigerant Capacity(R-134a) 1.75 lbs. (.79 kilograms)
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are
the same.
If the air conditioning systemin your vehicle
needs refrigerant, be sure the
proper refrigerant
is used. If you’re not sure ask your Buick dealer.
For additional information, seeyour “Warranty
and Owner Assistance Information” booklet.
260
Fuel Tank Capacity 16.5 gallons/62.6 liters
Automatic Transaxle Capacity (3T40) 3-Speed
Pan Removal and Replacement4 quarts/3.8 liters
After Complete Overhaul- 7 quarts/6.6 liters
Maintenance Item Part Numbers Air Filter - A905C
Oil Filter - PF47
PCV Valve - CV9OOC
Spark Plug - 41-908, GAP 0.06” (1.502mm)
(@
Part 7 MaintenanceSchedule
.
I
- 1
~~
This part covers the maintenancerequired for your Buick . Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety.
.
dependability and emission control performance
Part 7 includes:
Introduction ......................................................................
A Word About Maintenance .....................................................
Your Vehicle and the Environment ................................................
How This Part is Organized .....................................................
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services .............................................
Using Your Maintenance Schedules ...............................................
Selecting the Right Schedule ....................................................
Schedule1 ...................................................................
Schedule11 ..................................................................
Explanation of Scheduled MaintenanceServices .....................................
Section B: Owner Checks and Services .................................................
AtEachFuelFill ..............................................................
AtLeastOnceaMonth .........................................................
AtLeastOnceaYear ..........................................................
Section C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections ............................................
Section D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants .........................................
Section E: Maintenance Record .......................................................
262
262
263
263
264
264
265
266
268
270
272
272
273
273
275
277
279
261
I
Introduction
IMPORTANT:
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGE AS
RECOMMENDED
I protection
Plan
Have you purchased theGM Protection Plan? The
Plan supplementsyour new vehicle warranties. See
your Buick dealerfor details.
262
A Word About Maintenance
We at GeneralMotors want to helpyou keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries. Or you
may drive it to work, to doerrands or in many other
ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their GM
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may even need
more frequent checks and replacements than you will
find in the schedules in this part. So please read this
part and note how you drive. If you have anyquestions
on how to keepyour vehicle in good condition, see your
Buick dealer, the place many GM owners chooseto
have their maintenancework done. Your dealer canbe
relied upon to use proper parts and practices.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but alsohelps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Impropervehicle maintenance or the
removal of important components can significantly
affect the qualityof the airwe breathe. Improper fluid
levels or even thewrong tire inflation can increase the
level of emissions from yourvehicle. To help protect
our environment, and to help keep
your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain yourvehicle properly.
How This Part is Organized
The remainder of this part is divided into fivesections:
“Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” shows
what to have done andhow often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and havethe necessary equipment,you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service centerdo these jobs.
If you are skilled enough to do somework on your
vehicle, you will probably want toget the service
information GM publishes. You will find a list of
publications and how to get them in this manual. See
“Service Publications’’ in the Index.
“Section B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you what
should be checked wheneveryou stop for fuel.It also
explains what you can easily do to help keep
your
vehicle in good condition.
263
“Section C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections”explains
important inspections thatyour Buick dealer’s service
department or another qualified service center
should
perform.
“Section D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” lists
some products GM recommends tohelp keep your
vehicle properly maintained. These products, or their
equivalents, should be used whether you do the work
yourself or have it done.
“Section E: Maintenance Record”provides a place for
you to record the maintenance performedon your
vehicle. Whenever any maintenanceis performed, be
sure to write it down in this section. This will help you
determine when your next maintenance should be done.
In addition, it is a goodidea to keepyour maintenance
receipts. Theymay be needed to qualifyyour vehicle for
warranty repairs.
264
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedules
This section tells you the maintenance services you
should have doneand when you should schedule them.
Your Buick dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to be happy with it. If you go to your dealer for your
service needs, you’ll know that GM-trained and
supported service people will perform the work using
genuine GM parts.
These schedules are forvehicles that:
0
carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See “LoadingYour
Vehicle” inthe Index.
0
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
0
use the recommended unleaded fuel. See “Fuel”in
the Index.
Selecting the Right Schedule
First you’ll need to decide which of the
two schedules is
right for your vehicle. Here’s how to decide
which
schedule to follow:
Schedule I
Is any oneof these true for your vehicle?
Most trips are less than 4 miles (6 km).
0 Most trips are less than 10 miles (16km) when
outside temperatures are below
fi-eezing.
The engineis at low speed most of the time (as in
door-to-door delivery, orin stop-and-go traffic).
You operate your vehicle in dusty areas.
Youtow a trailer.
If any one(or more) of these is truefor your driving,
follow Schedule I.
Schedule I1
Follow ScheduleI1 only if none of the above conditions
is true.
Scheduled Maintenance Services Schedule I
~
Follow Schedule I ifyour car is MAINLY driven under one or more of the following conditions:
0 When most trips are less than 4 miles (6 kilometers).
0 When most trips are less than 10 miles (16 kilometers) and outside temperatures remain below freezing.
When most trips include extended idling and/or frequent low-speed operation as in stop-and-go traffic.
0 Towing a trailer.*?
0 When operating in dusty areas.
Schedule I should also be followed if the is
car
used for delivery service, police, taxi or other commercial applications.
0
TO BE SERVICED
(See Explanation of
Scheduled Maintenance
Services Following
Schedules I and 11) First
WHEN TO PERFORM
Miles (kilometers) or
Months, Whichever
Occurs
Item No.
1. Engine oil & Filter Change
2. Chassis Lubrication
other Every
3. Tire & Wheel Rotation&
Inspection
4. Engine Accessory Drive
Belt(s) Inspection*
5. Cooling System Service"
266
Every30oOmi.(50@)km)or
months
oil change
At 6 OOO mi. (10 000 km)and
every 15 ooo mi. (25 ooo km)
or as necessary
Every 30 OOO mi.
(50 000 km) or 24 months.
MILES (000)
3
5
KILOMETERS (000)
10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
TO BE SERVICED
(See Explanationof
Scheduled Maintenance
Services Following
Schedules I and 11)
Item No.
I
I
I
I
55
60 65 70 75
80
6. Transaxle Service
7. Spark Plug
Replacement*
3 100 Engine
8. Spark Plug Wire
10. Air Cleaner Filter
Replacement*
1 1. Fuel Tank, Cap& Lines
Inspection*?-
The services shown in this schedule up to 48 000 miles (80 000 km) should be performed after
48 000 miles at the same intervals.
*
An Emission Control Service.
-f The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the California Air Resources Board has determined that the failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify the
emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the completion of vehicle useful life. General Motors, however, urges that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded in “Section E:Maintenance Record”.
267
Scheduled Maintenance Services ScheduleI1
I
Follow Schedule I1 ONLY if none of the driving conditions specified in Schedule I apply.
TO BE SERVICED
(See Explanation of
Scheduled Maintenance
Services Following
Schedules I and 11)
Item No.
WHEN TO PERFORM
Miles (kilometers) or
Months, Whichever
Occurs First
1. Engine Oil Change*
Oil Filter Change"
2. Chassis Lubrication
3. Tire & Wheel Rotation & Inspection
4. Engine Accessory Drive Belt(s) Inspection*
5. Cooling System Service*
268
or as necessary
Every 30 000 mi. (50 OOO km) or 24 mos.
MILES (000)
TO BE SERVICED
(See Explanationof
Scheduled Maintenance
Services Following
Schedules I and11)
Item No.
I
6. Transaxle Service
7. Spark Plug
WHEN TO PERFORM
Miles (kilometers) or
Months, Whichever
Occurs First
I
II
MILES (000)
. ,
I
KILOMETERS (000)
I
50
62.5
75
See Explanationof Scheduled Maintenance
Services Following SchedulesI and I1
Every 100,000 mi. ( 166 000 km)
Replacement*
I 8. Spark Plug Wire Inspection*?
I
Every 30 000 mi. (50 000 km)
9. EGR System Inspection (2.2L L4 Code 4
a
a
a
engine only)*?
10.Air Cleaner Filter Replacement”
See Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance
Services Following SchedulesI and I1
1 1. Fuel Tank, Cap& Lines Inspection*?
Every 30 000 mi. (50 000 km)
a
The servicesshown in this scheduleup to 45 000 miles (75 000 km) should be performed after 45 000 miles at the same
intervals.
* An Emission Control Service.
? The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the California Air Resources Board has determined that the failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify the
emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the completion of vehicle useful life. General Motors, however, urges that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded in “Section E:Maintenance Record”.
269
3. Tire and Wheel Rotation and Inspection-- For
proper wear and maximum tire life, rotate your tires
following the instructions in this manual. See “Tires,
Below are explanations of the services listed in Schedule Inspection & Rotation” in the Index. Check the tires
I and Schedule11.
for uneven wear or damage. If you see irregular or
premature
wear, check the wheel alignment. Check
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed
in
for damaged wheels also.
Section D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses
these. All parts shouldbe replaced and all necessary
4. Engine Accessory Drive Belt(s) Inspection-repairs done before you or anyone else drives the vehicle. Inspect the belt(s) for cracks, fraying, wear and
proper tension. Replaceas needed.
NOTE:To determine your engine’s displacement and
code, see “Engine Identification” in the Index.
5. Cooling System Service* -- Drain, flush and refill
the system with new or approved recycled coolant
-- Always use SH
1. Engine Oil and Filter Change*
conforming to GM Specification 1825M. Keep coolant
or SG Energy ConservingI1 oils of proper viscosity.
at the proper mixture as specified.
See “Coolant” in the
The “SH or S G ’ designation may be shown alone or
Index. This provides proper freeze protection andboil
in combination with others, such as “SH/CD’ or
protection, corrosion inhibitor level and maintain
“SH,SG, CD,” “SG/CD,”etc. To determine the
proper engine operating temperature.
preferred viscosity for your vehicle’s engine (e.g.,
SAE 5W-30 or S A E 10W-30), see “Engine Oil” in
Inspect hoses and replace
if they are cracked,
the Index.
swollen or deteriorated. Tighten screw type hose
clamps. Clean the outside
of the radiator and air
2. Chassis Lubrication -- Lubricate the transaxle shift
conditioning condenser.Wash the pressure cap and
linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody
neck
contact points and linkage. If your vehicle is equipped
with grease fittings, lubricate the suspension and
To help ensure proper operation, we recommend a
steering linkage.
pressure testof both the cooling system and the
pressure cap.
Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance
Services
270
6. ’Ikande Service -- Change both the fluid and filter 9. Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System
Inspection (2.2 L Code 4 engine only) *? --every 15,000 miles(25 0oO km) if the vehicleis
Conduct theEGR system service as described in the
mainly driven under one or more of these conditions:
service manual. To purchase a service manual, see
In heavy city traffic where the outside
“Service Publications” in the Index.
temperature regularly reaches
90°F (32“C) or
higher.
10.Air Cleaner Filter Replacement*-- Replace every
30,000 miles (50 0o0 km) or more often under dusty
0 In hilly or mountainous terrain.
conditions. Ask your dealer for the proper
0 When doing frequent trailer towing.
replacement intervals for your driving conditions.
Uses such as found in taxi,police car or delivery
-- Inspect
11. Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection*?
service.
fuel tank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspect
or any
fuel cap gasket for an even filler neck imprint
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
damage. Replace parts as needed. Periodic
conditions, change both the fluid and filter every
replacement of the fuel filter is not required.
100,OOOmiles (160 OOO km).
7. Spark Plug Replacement*-- Replace spark plugs
in
with the proper type. See “Specifications Chart”
the Index.
8. Spark Plug Wire Inspection*’f’-- Inspect for bums,
cracks or other damage. Check the boot fit at the
distributor and at the spark plugs. Replace wires as
needed.
*
An Emission Control Service.
failure
perform this maintenance item
will not nullify
the
The U.S.Environmental ProtectionAgency or the California Air Resources Board has determined that the to
emission warranty or limit recall liabilityprior to the completionof vehicle usefullife. General Motors, however, urges that
all recommended maintenanceservices be
performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance
be recorded in “Section E:Maintenance Record”.
271
Section B: Owner Checksand
Services
At Each Fuel Fill (Itis important for you or
a service station attendantto perform these
underhood checks at each fuel fill.)
Listed below are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Engine Oil Level
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
to your
Whenever any fluidsor lubricants are added
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown in Engine Coolant
Section D.
Level
WHAT TO DO
~
Windshield
Washer Fluid
Level
272
Check the engine oil level and add the
properoilifnecessary.See“Engine
Oil” in the Index for further details.
Check the engine coolant level and add
the propexcoolant mix if necessary. See
“Coolant”intheIndexforfurther
details.
Checkthewindshieldwasherfluid
level in the windshield washer
tank and
add the proper fluid if necessary. See
“WindshieldWasherFluid”inthe
Index for further details.
At Least Once a Month
CHECK OR
SERVICE
WHAT TO DO
Check tire inflation. Make sure they are
inflated to the pressures specified on the
Tire-Loading Information label located
on the rear edge of the driver’s door. See
“Tires” in the Index for further details.
Cassette Deck
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should
be done every 15 hours of tape play.See
in the Index for
“Audio
Systems”
further details.
Key Lock
Cylinders
WHAT TO DO
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with
the lubricant specified in Section D.
L
Body Lubrication
CAUTION: When you are doing this
check, the vehicle
could
move
suddenly. If it does,you or others
could be injured. Follow the steps
below.
1 . Before you start, be sure you have
enough room around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake
(see “Parking Brake” in the index if
necessary) and the regular brake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator
to turn off the
pedal, andbeready
engine immediately if it starts.
At Least Once a Year
CHECK OR
SERVICE
Starter Switch
WHAT TO DO
Lubricate all body door hinges. Also
lubricate
all
hinges and latches,
including those for the hood, rear
compartment, glove box door, console
door and any folding seat hardware.
Section D tells you what to use.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear.
The starter should work only in “P”
(Park) or“N” (Neutral). If the starter
works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
273
WHAT TO DO
Steering Column
Lock
While parked, andwiththe
parking
brake set, try to turn the keyto “LOCK”
in each shift lever position.
0
The keyshouldturn
to “LOCK”
only when the shift lever is in “ P ’
(Park).
The key should come out only in
“LOCK.”
CHECK OR
SERVICE
Parking Brake and
Automatic
Transaxle “ P ’
(Park) Mechanism
Check
WHAT TO DO
CAUTION: When you are doing
this
check,yourvehiclecouldbegin
to
move. You or others couldbe injure&
and propertycouldbedamaged.
Make sure there is room in front of
your vehide in case it begins to roll.
Be ready to apply the regular brake
at once should the vehicle
move.
begin to
Parkon a fairly steep hill, withthe
vehicle facing downhill. Keeping your
the regular brake, set the
footon
parking brake.
274
0
To check the parking brake: With the
engine running and transaxlein “N”
(Neutral), slowly
remove
foot
pressurefromtheregularbrake
pedal. Do this until thevehicle is
held by the parking brake only.
0
To check the “P’ (Park) mechanism’s
holding ability: Shift to “P” (Park).
Then release all brakes.
I
CHKCKOH
SKHVICK
Unclcrbody
Flushing
I
Section C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
At least cvcry spring, use plain walcr
t o [’lush any corrosive matcrials from
[he undcrbody. Take care l o clean
thoroughly any ilrcas whcrc mud and
other debris can collect.
Listed below are inspections and services which should
be performed at least twice a year (for instance, each
spring and 1 1 1 ) . You should let your GM dealer’s
service department or other qualified service center do
these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
CHKCK O R
SKRVICK
Restraint Systems
WHAT TO DO
Now and then, make sure all your belts,
buckles, latch plates, retractors,
anchorages and reminder systems are
workingproperly.Look for any loose
parts o r damage. I f you see anything
that might keep a restraint system from
doing itsjob, have it repaired.
275
CHECK OR
SERVICE
WHAT TO DO
Steering,
Suspension and
Front-WheelDrive Axle Boot
and Seal
Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and
steeringsystem for damaged,loose or
missing parts, signs of wear, or lack of
lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines andhoses
for properhookup,
binding,
leaks,
cracks,
chafing,
etc.
axle
Cleanand then inspectthedrive
boot seals for damage, tears or leakage.
Replace seals if necessary.
Exhaust System
Inspection
Inspectthecompleteexhaustsystem.
Inspect
the
body
near
the
exhaust
system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well
as open seams, holes, loose connections,
or other conditions which could causea
heat build-upin the floor pan or could let
exhaustfumesinto
the vehicle.See
“Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Throttle Linkage
Inspection
276
Inspect
the
throttle linkage
for
interference or binding,
and
for
damaged or missing parts.Replace
parts as needed.
CHECK OR
SERVICE
Brake System
Inspection
WHAT TO DO
Inspectthe complete system. Inspect
brake
lines
and
hoses
for proper
hookup,
binding,
leaks,
cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for
wear and rotors for surface condition.
Also inspect drum bmke linings for
wearand cracks. Inspect other brake
including
parts,
drums,
wheel
cylinders, calipers, parking brake, etc.
Check parking brake adjustment. You
may needto have your brakes inspected
moreoften if your driving habits or
conditions result in frequent braking.
NOTE: A lowbrakefluidlevelcan
indicateworn disc brake pads which
may need to be serviced, Also, if the
brake system warning light stays on or
comes on, something maybewrong
withthebrake
system. See “Brake
System Warning Light” in the Index. If
your anti-lockbrakesystemwarning
light stays on, comes on or flashes,
something may bewrongwith
the
anti-lock brake system. See “Anti-Lock
Brake System WarningLight” in the
Index.
~
Section D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identifiedbelow by name,
part number or specification may be obtained fromyour
GM dealer.
USAGE
Engine Oil
FLUID/LUBRICANT
API
service
SH SG
or
Energy
Conserving I1 oils of the
proper
viscosity. The “SH” or “SG’
designation may be shown alone or in
combination with others, such as
“SH/CD,” “SG/CD’ or “SH,SG,CD,”
etc. To determine the preferred
viscosity for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
Hydraulic Brake
System
50/50 mixture of water (preferably
distilled) and good qualityethylene
glycol base antifreeze(GM Part No.
1052753 or equivalent) conforming to
GM Specifications 1825M or approved
recycled coolantconformingto
GM
Specification 1825M.
Delco Supreme 11Q Brake Fluid (GM
Part No. 1052535 or equivalent)
DOT-3 brake fluid.
USAGE
- _
~~~
- -~
FLUIDlLUBRICANT
Parking Brake
Guides
Chassis
lubricant
(GM
Part
No.
1052497orequivalent)
or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI Grade
2, Category LB or GC-LB.
Power Steering
System
GM Hydraulic PowerSteering Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052884 or equivalent).
Automatic
Transaxle
DEXRONQ- III or DEXRONB- IIE
Automatic Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Lubricate
with
Multi-Purpose
Lubricant (GMPart No. 12345120),
syntheticSAE 5W-30 engine oil or
silicone
lubricant
(GM
Part No.
1052276 or 1052277).
Automatic
Transaxle Shift
Linkage
Engine oil.
Chassis
Lubrication
Chassis
lubricant
(GM
Part
No.
1052497orequivalent)orlubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI Grade
2, Category LB orGC-LB.
Windshield
Washer Solvent
GM Optikleena Washer Solvent (GM
Part No. 1051515) or equivalent.
277
USAGE
Hood Latch
Assembly
a. Pivots and
Spring Anchor
b. Release Pawl
Hood and Door
Hinges, Wagon
Liftgate, Fuel Door
Hinge, Folding
Seat Hardware,
Rear Compartment
Lid Hinges
Weatherstrips
FLUID/LUBRICANT
a. Engine oil.
b. Chassis lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI Grade 2,
Category LB (GM Part No.
1052497 or equivalent) orGC-LB.
Engine oil or Lubriplate Lubricant
(GM Part No. 1050109).
DielectricSilicone Grease (GM Part
No. 12345579 or equivalent).
See “Specifications Chart” in the Index for
recommended replacement filters, valves and spark
plugs.
I Section E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the
date, odometer reading and who performed the service
in the columns indicated. When completing the
Maintenance Performed column, insert the numbers
from the Schedule I or Schedule I1 maintenance charts
which correspond to the maintenance performed. Also,
you should retain all maintenance receipts. Your owner
information portfolio is a convenient place to store
them.
I
I
Maintenance Record
~
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
__
Maintenance Record
n
Here you will find out how to contact Buick if you need assistance. This part also tells you how to obtain service
.
publications andhow to report any safety defects
Part 8 includes:
Customer Satisfaction Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
282
Customer Assistance for the Hearing or Speech Impaired . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
283
Reporting Safety Defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283
CourtesyTransportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
Roadside Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
ServicePublications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286
281
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and Buick. Normally, any concern with the sales
transaction or the operation of your vehicle will be
resolved by your dealer’s Sales or Service Departments.
Sometimes, however, despite thebest intentions of all
concerned, misunderstandings can occur. If your
concern has not been resolved to your satisfaction, the
following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can be
quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has already
been reviewed with the Sales, Service, or Parts Manager,
contact the owner of the dealership orthe General
Manager.
STEP TWO-- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
be resolved by the dealership without further help,
contact the Customer Assistance Center by calling
1-800-521-7300. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Assistance Center in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
In Mexico, call (525) 254-3777 . In Puerto Rico or U.S.
Virgin Islands, call 1-809-763- 1315. In all other
282
overseas locations, contact GM North American Export
Sales in Canada by calling 1-4 16-644-4 112.
For prompt assistance, please have the following
information available to give the Customer Assistance
Representative:
Your name, address, home and business telephone
numbers
0
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at
the left top of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
Dealership name and location
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
Nature of concern
We encourage you to call the toll free number listed
previously in order to give your inquiry prompt
attention. However, if you wish to write Buick, write to
Buick Motor Division
Customer Assistance Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
A listing of all Buick Zone Offices and offices outside
the U.S. which can assist you can also be found in the
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet.
When contacting Buick, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved in the dealership, using
the dealership's facilities, equipmentand personnel.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One firstif you
have a concern .
Customer Assistance for the Hearing
or Speech Impaired (TDD)
To assist customers who havehearing difficulties, Buick
has installed special TDD (Telecommunication Devices
for the Deaf') equipment at its Customer Assistance
Center. Any hearing or speech impaired customer who
has access to a TDD or a conventional teletypewriter
(TTY) can communicatewith Buick by dialing:
1-800-TD-BUICK. (TDD users in Canada can dial
1-800-263-3830.)
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle hasa defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints,it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer, or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either callthe Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain otherinformation about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
283
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada at Box 8880
Ottawa, Ontario K1G 352.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notifv
us. Please call us at 1-800-521-7300 , or write:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Assistance Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L 1H 8P7
284
Courtesy Transportation
Roadside Assistance
To Buick Motor Division, Quality Means Service -- and
service means “keeping you on the road.”
Buick Motor Division is proud to offer Buick Roadside
Assistance to customers for vehicles covered under the
new car warranty during the 36 month/36,000 mile
(whichever comes first).
Included with your 1994 Buick new car warranty, (36
months, or 36,000miles), is Courtesy Transportation, a
program which will provide Buick retail customers with:
-
-
Reimbursement toward a loaner vehicle, courtesy of
Buick Motor Division, for up to five days for
vehicles requiring overnight warranty repairs. Also,
reimbursement up to $30a day (5 days maximum)
may be available forthe cost of a rental car, bus or
even a cab.
A free one-way shuttle ride up to 10 miles from the
dealership is available for customers whose vehicles
require same-day warranty repairs.
Courtesy Transportation is Buick’s way of extending the
Premium Service you’ve come to expectfor Buick and
it’s 3,000 dealers. Pleasereview the Courtesy
Transportation glove-box card contained in your
vehicle, or consult your Buick dealer for details.
In Canada, please consult your GM Dealer for
information on Courtesy Transportation.
Our commitment to Buick owners has always included
superior service through our network of 3,000 Buick
dealers. Buick Roadside Assistance provides an extra
measure of convenience and security.
Buick Roadside Assistance
-
Provides owners with access to minor repairs or
towing for disabled vehicles.
-
Takes the anxiety out of uncertain situations by
providing easy access to service professionals trained
to work with Buick owners, 24-hour a day, 365 days
a year, including weekends and holidays.
For details of Buick Roadside Assistance , please
consult your Buick Roadside Assistance owner booklet
included with your owner’s manual. For needed
assistance, call the Buick Roadside Assistance toll-free
hotline: 1-800-252- 1 112.
285
Canada Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
separate brochure provided by the dealer or call
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
Service Publications
Information on how to obtain Product Service
Publications, Subscriptions and Indexes as described
below is applicable only in the fifty U.S. states (and the
District of Columbia) and only for cars and light trucks
with GVWR less than 10,000 pounds (4 536 kg).
In Canada, information pertaining to Product Service
Bulletins and Indexes can be obtained by writing to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Service Publications Department
1908 Colonel Sam Dr.
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Buick regularly sends its dealers useful service bulletins
about Buick products. Buick monitors product
performance in the field. We then prepare bulletins for
servicing our products better. Now, you can get these
bulletins too.
286
Bulletins cover various subjects. Some pertain to the
proper use and care of your vehicle. Some describe
costly repairs. Others describe inexpensive repairs
which, if done on time with the latest parts, may avoid
future costly repairs. Some bulletins tell a technician
how to repair a new or unexpected condition. Others
describe a quicker way to fix your vehicle. They can
help a technician service your vehicle better.
Most bulletins apply to conditions affecting a small
number of cars or trucks. Your Buick dealer or a
qualified technician may have to determine if a specific
bulletin applies toyour vehicle.
You can subscribe to all Buick bulletins. This way you’ll
get them as they come out. You can wait a while and get
an index to the bulletins. You can also get individual
bulletins. However, you’ll need the index to identify
them.
Subscriptions
Individual PSP’s
You can subscribe to allGM Product Service
Publications (PSP’s). This will include bulletins for all
cars sold by GM and will not be limited to PSP’s
applicable to any particular model. When you buy a
subscription, you will receive the PSP’s in periodic
mailings, shortly afterthey come out. A subscription
entitles you to all PSP’s published by GM during the
model year. You can purchase a subscriptionand get
pricing information by calling HELM at
1-800-782-4356.
If you don’t want to buy all the PSP’s issued by GM for
all models in the model year, you can buy individual
PSP’s, such as those which may pertain to a particular
model. To do this, you will need to see our index of
PSP’s. It provides a variety of information. Here’s what
you’ll find in the index and how you can get one:
What You’ll Find in the Index:
0
A list of all PSP’s published by GM in a model year
( 1990 or later). PSP’s covering allmodels of GM
cars are listed in the same index.
0
Ordering information so you can buy the specific
PSP’s you may want.
0
Price information for the PSP’s you may want to
buy.
347
How You Can Get an Index:
Copies at Participating Dealers
Indexes are published periodically. Most of the PSP’s
which could potentially apply tothe most recent GM
models will be listed,in the most recent publication for
that model year. This means you may want to wait until
the end of the model year before ordering an index, if
you are interested in buying PSP’s pertaining to a
current model year car or truck.
Copies of Indexes and individual PSP’s are at your
participating Buick dealer. You can ask to see them.
Some PSP’s pertaining to a particular model year
vehicle may be published in later years, and these would
be listed in the later year’s index. When you order an
index for a model year that is not over yet, we’ll sen3
you the most recently published issue. Check the
ordering form for indexes forearlier model years.
Cut out the ordering form, fill it out, and mail it in. We
will then see to it that an index is mailed to you. There is
no charge for indexes for the 1990- 1994 model years.
288
A VERY IMPORTANT REMINDER: These PSP’s are
meant for technicians. They are not meant for the
“do-it-yourselfer.” Technicians have the equipment,
tools, safety instructions, and know-how to do a job
quickly and safely.
Buick Service Publications
You can get these by using the order form:
w
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289
.
I
Part 9 Index
Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
228
254
Electrical Equipment ..........................
Engine Coolant ........................
187.189.223
Engineoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213
Power Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
226
Sound Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
220
Transaxle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windshield Washer Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
227
Air Bag (Supplemental Restraint System) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Air Bag Readiness Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
38
218
Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
122
Airconditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Conditioner Refrigerant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Alcohol. Driving Under the Influence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
209
Alcohol in Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning .......................
250
136. 137
Antenna Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
223
145
Anti-lock Brake System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Active Light .................................
115
Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - 2 4 5
Appearance Care and Maintenance Materials . . . . . . . . . . 252
Ashtrays and Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
108
Assistance. Roadside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Automatic Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
30
Automatic Lap-Shoulder Belt
Automatic Overdrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
79
220
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
174
118
Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .163
Block Heater (Engine Coolant Heater) . . . . . . . . . . . . 78.218
Blowout. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
193
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230
Anti-lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
145
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
PedalTravel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
230
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .231
System. Anti-lock Warning Light ................. 114
SystemWarningLight .........................
113
Wear .......................................
230
Brakes.Trailer ..................................
168
144
Braking ........................................
147
Braking in Emergencies ...........................
Break-In.NewVehicle ............................ 74
Bulb Chart ......................................
258
Bulb Replacement .......................
.232.233. 234
Bulbs. Halogen .................................. 232
Canadian Roadside Assistance ................... -286
Capacities and Specifications Chart .............. 259. 260
CarbonMonoxide ................................ 86
Cargo Security Cover.............................105
Carrier.Luggage ................................106
Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Cassette Tape Player Care ......................... 136
Cautions. Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
CB Radio. Adding ............................... 126
Cellular Telephone. Adding ........................
126
Chains. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .244
Changing a Flat Tire.............................. 194
Checking
Brake Fluid ..................................228
223
Engine Coolant ...............................
Engineoil ................................... 213
Power Steering Fluid .......................... 226
Restraint Systems .............................. 63
Transaxle Fluid ...............................
220
Underhood ..................................
212
Windshield Washer Fluid .......................
227
Chemical Paint Spotting...........................
251
Child Restraints .................................. 50
Children and Safety Belts .........................- 4 8
109
CigaretteLighter ................................
Circuit Breakers and Fuses ........................
254
City Driving ....................................
156
Cleaner. Air ....................................
218
Cleaning
AluminumWheels ............................
250
Antenna .....................................
137
Cassette Player ...............................
136
Fabric ...................................... 245
Glass ....................................... 248
Inside Your Buick .............................
245
Leather .....................................
248
OutsideYourBuick ........................... 249
137
Power Antenna ...............................
Safety Belts ..................................
248
Instrumentpanel ..............................
248
Underbody Maintenance ........................
251
vinyl .......................................
247
White Sidewall Tires...........................
250
Windshield and Wiper Blades....................
249
Clock Setting ............................
127.129. 132
121
Comfort Controls ................................
136
CompactDiscCare ..............................
Compact Spare Tire ..............................
205
Compartment. Rear Locking Storage................. 108
144
Control of a Vehicle ..............................
Controls. Features and .............................
65
292
.....
_-
...
ConvenienceNet ................................
105
104
Convex Outside Mirror ...........................
Coolant
223
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine. Warning Light/Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115.116
Heater ...................................
78.2 18
Safety Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
CourtesyLights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
285
Courtesy Transportation ...........................
Cruise Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
94
28 1
Customer Assistance .............................
283
HearindSpeech Impaired .......................
SatisfactionProcedure .........................
282
Daytime Running Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
DefensiveDriving ...............................
139
Defogger. Rear Window ..........................
123
123
Defrost . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
257
Dimensions Chart ................................
Disc Brake Wear Indicators ........................
230
218
Disposal of Used Oil .............................
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Downshifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 1
Driving
AtNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
152
156
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
140
Defensively . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
140
Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
157
Hill and Mountain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
160
In a Foreign Country ...........................
InRain .....................................
Long Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OnCurves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On Snow or Ice ...............................
Through Deep Standing Water ....................
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
210
154
158
147
162
77
161
254
Electrical Equipment. Adding .....................
Emergency
147
Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
173
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
148
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Towing .....................................
178
Engine
Block Heater (Coolant Heater) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78.218
223
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant Temperature Light/Gage
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 115.
116
86
Exhaust ......................................
253
Identification (VIN) ...........................
Oil .........................................
213
Oil Additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
217
Oil Pressure Warning Light .....................
117
Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
184
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
76
Ethanol In Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Expectant Mothers. Use of Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
157
Expressway Driving ..............................
Extender. Safety Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
63
293
F a b r i c Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .246
Features and Controls .............................
65
21 1
Filling the Fuel Tank .............................
Filter. Oil ...............................
2 13.259.260
Finish Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249
25 1
Finish Damage ..................................
First Gear .......................................
82
Flashers. HazardWarning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
Flat Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
76
FloodedEngine ..................................
Fluid
Brake .......................................
228
259. 260
Capacities ...............................
Power Steering ...............................
226
220
Transaxle ....................................
Windshield Washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227
Fluids and Lubricants. Recommended . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277
Folding Rear Seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Foreign Operation ...............................
2 10
Francais. Guide En .................................
2
157
Freeway Driving ................................
French Language Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .209
Capacity ................................ 259. 260
FillingYourTank .............................
211
Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
In Foreign Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210
Fuse Usage Chart ................................
255
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ........................
254
294
Gage
Battery (Voltage Indicator) ......................
Engine Coolant Temperature ....................
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gasoline Tank. Filling Your ........................
Gear Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Glass Cleaning ..................................
GloveBox ......................................
119
116
112
209
211
79
248
73
Halogen Bulbs .................................
232
172
Hazard Warning Flashers ..........................
.......................
232
Headlamp Bulb Replacement
98
Headlights ......................................
High-Low Beam Changer .......................
91
“On” Warning .................................
99
17
Head Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
283
Hearing Impaired Assistance .......................
123
Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heater. Engine Block (Engine Coolant Heater) . . ., . . . 78,218
159
Highway Hypnosis ...............................
160
Hill and Mountain Roads ..........................
Hitches. Trailer ..................................
167
Hood Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
212
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
88
Hot Coolant Warning Light/Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115. 116
184
Hot Engine Safety Warnings .......................
Hydroplaning ...................................
155
Identification Label. Service Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Identification Number. Vehicle (VIN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
86
Idling Your Engine ................................
Ignition
66
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Key Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Indicators. Warning Lights. Gages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Infant Restraint ...................................
50
Inflation. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
Instrumentpanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
110
JJump
ack. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
K e y l e s s Entry System. Remote . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
173
68
66
L a b e l . Service Parts Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
89
Lane Change Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LapBelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Lap-Shoulder Safety Belt
30
Front Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leather Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
248
Leaving Your Vehicle ..............................
84
71
Liftgate/Remote Release Button .....................
Lighter. Cigarette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
109
Lights
Air Bag Readiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
102
Daytime Running Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
-99
98
Headlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interior Lights Delay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
102
100
Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
“ON’ Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
99
Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
100. I01
Removing & Replacing Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
258
Replacement Bulbs ............................
Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
111
Loading YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
236
67
Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Long Distance Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
158
151
Loss of Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricants and Fluids. Recommended . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272
106
Luggagecarrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance
Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Underbody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (Service Engine Soon Light)
Manualseat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MapLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Master Cylinder. Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
275
252
278
261
251
I16
14
100
228
295
Methanol in Gasoline .............................
Mirrors ........................................
Mountain Driving ................................
209
102
160
Net. Convenience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
105
80
74
152
Neutral Gear Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New Vehicle Break-In .............................
NightDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
O c t a n e Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
149
Off-Road Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
213
217.261
Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
215
117
Warning Light ................................
Overdrive. Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1
Overheated Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
184
P a i n t Spotting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251
77
Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Park. Shifting Into . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
83
Parking
82
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Over Things That Burn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
85
165
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
With the Engine Running ........................
86
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
296
Polishing andWaxing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power
Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windows .....................................
Pregnancy. Use of Safety Belts ......................
Problems on the Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Publications. Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
249
137
68
102
15
147
226
87
42
171
286
184
Radiator Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radiator Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226
Radio
125
100
Reading Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Seats. Folding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
105
Rear Storage Security Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
123
Rear Window Defogger ...........................
Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Reclining Seatbacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277
Remote Keyless Entry System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Remote Trunkbiftgate Release ......................
71
Replacing
231
BrakeSystemParts ............................
232
Light Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
64
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243
Reporting Safety Defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .283
Restraint System. Supplemental (Air Bag) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
13
Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restraints. Child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Restraints. Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
Reverse Gear Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
80
Roads. Hill and Mountain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
160
285
Roadside Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rocking YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
206
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
240
Rotation. Tire
Running Your Engine While Parked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
22
Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29
Adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Lap-Shoulder Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Canadian Supplement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29
248
Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Center Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
63
48
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driver Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
63
Lap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44
Lap-Shoulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Larger Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61
Pregnancy. Use During . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
42
Properly Worn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
27
Questions About . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
Rear Seat Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
49
Smaller Children and Babies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
Third Seat Passenger Position .....................
Torn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Twisted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
28
Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Why Safety Belts Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
10
Safety Cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Defects. Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283
Scheduled Maintenance Services ....................
261
13
Seats and Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SecondGearPosition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
5 1.54.
5 5
Securing Child
a
Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
207
Service and Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service Engine Soon (Malfunction Indicator Lamp) . . . . . 116
205
Service Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service Parts Identification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .253
Service Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
286
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Sheet Metal Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
250
79
Shifting the Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
151
Skidding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sound Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
125
Soundsystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SpareTire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
259.260
Specifications Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speech Impaired Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283
94
SpeedControl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speedometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
110
246
Stains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting Your Car (Jump Starting) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
Starting Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
76
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
147
148
Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheel. Tilt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
297
Stereo Sound Systems ............................
125
Storage
Armrest .....................................
107
108
Rear Locking Compartment .....................
231
Storing Your Car ................................
206
Stuck. If Your Car is . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplemental Restraint System (Air Bag) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
119
Tailgate Ajar Warning Light ......................
234
Taillight Bulb Replacement ........................
136
TapePlayerCare ................................
Temperature Warning Light ........................
115
Theft ...........................................
74
226
Thermostat .....................................
81
Third Gear Position ...............................
Tilt Steering Wheel ...............................
88
Time (Setting the Clock) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127.129. 132
Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 238
Balance .....................................
243
Chains ......................................
244
193
Flat ........................................
Inflation ..................................... 239
240
Inspection and Rotation ........................
Loading Information ............................ 236
239
Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Quality Grading ..............................
242
Replacement ..................................
24 1
205
Spare .......................................
Wear Indicators ...............................
241
White Sidewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
298
TorqueLock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
85
Towing Your Car ................................
178
Towing Hookups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180.182
165
Trailer Towing ..................................
Transaxle. Automatic ..............................
79
Transaxle Fluid ..................................
220
111
Trip Odometer ..................................
Trunk Lock Remote Release ........................
71
Turn Signal/Headlight Beam Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
89
Turn Signal Indicator ..............................
Turn Signal Reminder .............................
90
Underbody Maintenance ......................... 251
Unleaded Gasoline ..............................
-209
-246
Upholstery Care ................................
218
UsedOilDisposal ...............................
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
236
Vehicle Loading .................................
Vehicle Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .231
Vent Windows. Wagon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Ventilation .....................................
123
Vinylcleaning ..................................
247
Voltage Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Wagon
105
Cargo Security Cover ..........................
Liftgate Operation ..............................
7 1
Rear Window Washermiper .....................
93
Spare Cover Replacement .......................
204
172
Warning Flashers. Hazard .........................
Warning Lights .................................. 111
AirBag ......................................
38
114
Anti-lock Brake System ........................
Battery ......................................
118
113
Brake .......................................
1 15
Engine Coolant Temperature ....................
Engine Oil ...................................
117
28
Safety Belt ...................................
Service Engine Soon (Malfunction Indicator Lamp) . . 116
119
Tailgate Ajar .................................
92
Washer, Windshield ...............................
93
Washermiper, Rear Window ........................
249
Washing Your Vehicle ............................
Weatherstrips ...................................250
Weight
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) . . . . . . . . . . . . 236
166
Trailer ......................................
Wheel
250
Aluminum ...................................
243
Alignment ....................................
Cover Removal ...........................
198. 199
Nut Torque ..................................
202
Replacement .................................
243
87
Windows .......................................
Windshield
Cleaning ....................................
249
92
Washer ......................................
WasherFluid .................................227
91
Wipers .......................................
Winter Driving ..................................
161
WreckerTowing .................................
178
Y o u r Driving and the Road ....................... 139
Your Vehicle and the Environment .................. 263
299
Owner’s Recordof Upkeep and FuelUsage
300
Owner’s Record of Upkeep and Fuel Usage
.
~-
301
Owner’s Recordof Upkeep and Fuel Usage
COMMENTS
-~
302
Owner’s Record of Upkeep and Fuel Usage
DATE
MILEAGE
AMOUNT
COMMENTS
303
Fuel Mileage Chart
MILES PER GALLON
r
10
11
12 1413
15
16
191817
5
50
55
60
65
6
66
60
72
7
70
77
8
80
9
90
70
75
80
85
78
84
90
96
102
108
84
91
98
105
112 119 126 133
140
147
154
88
96
104 I12 120
128
136
144
152
160
168
176
99
108
117
126
10
100 1 I O
120
130
11
1I O
12
120 132 144 156 168
180
192
13
I30
14
140
154
168
182
196
15
150
165
180
195
16
160
176
192
17
170 187 204 221 238 255 272 289
306
18
180 198
216
19
190 209 228 247 266 285 304 323
342
361
380
399
20
200 220
240
260
280
21
2 I O 231 252 273 294 3 15 336
357
378
399
- 220242
22
304
121
132
90
169 182
195
100 105 110 120
115
95
2726
28
162
171
144
150
160
170
180 189
198
29
30
31 3332
156
162
168
174
180
186
192
198
208 22 1 234 247 260 273 286
299
3
300 320
340
360
380
24.5 252
224 232 240 248 256 264 272 280 288
324
250 260 270 280 290 300 3 I O 320 330 340 350 360
12 325 338
35
294 308 322
336
234 252 270 288 306
324
342
360
378
363 374
385
396
1 364 377 390 403 416 429 442 455 468
350 364
378
392
345 360
375
390
368 384 400
416
432
374 391 408 425 442
459
406 420 434 448 462 476 490 504
405 420 435 450 465 480 495 5 IO 525 540
448 464 480 496 51 2 528 544 560 576
476 493 5 10 527 544 561 578 595 612
396 414 432 450 468 486 504 522 540 558 576 594
612
418 437 456 475 494 5 13 532
551
630 648
570 589 608 627 646 665 684
400 420 440 460 480 500 520 540 560 580 600 620 640 660 680 700 720
420 441
462
1
288 300 3 I2 324 336 348 360 372 384 396 408 420 432
204 2 I6 228 240 252 264
276
323 340
357
36
204 210 216
203 210 217 224 231
238
209 220 23 1 242 253 264 275 286 297 308 31 9 330 341
352
208 224 240 256 272 288 304 320 336
352
35
207 216 225 234 243 252 261 270 279 288 297 306
315
I80 190 200 2 I O 220 230
240
210 225 240 255 270 285 300 3 15
330
34
155 160
165
170
175
180
125
130
135
140
145
150
161 168
175
182
189
196
210 224 238 252 266
280
264 286 308 330
352
2524
114 120 126
132
138
143 154 165
176
187
198
143
156
21 2322
I84 192 200 208
216
135
144
153
140 150
20
483 504 525 546 567 588 609 630 651 672 693 714 735 756
374 396 418 440 462 484 506 528 550 572
594
616 638 660 682 704 726 748 770 792
m
THIS MANUAL IS PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER USING
MINIMUM 50% WASTEPAPER, 10% POST CONSUMERWASTE
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