M-Audio Keyboard Controller Series User guide

M-Audio Keyboard Controller Series User guide
Axiom User Guide
Legal Notices
This guide is copyrighted ©2010 by Avid Technology, Inc., with all rights
reserved. Under copyright laws, this guide may not be duplicated in whole or in
part without the written consent of Avid Technology, Inc.
Avid, M-Audio and Axiom are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Avid
Technology, Inc. All other trademarks contained herein are the property of their
respective owners.
Product features, specifications, system requirements, and availability are
subject to change without notice.
Guide Part Number 9329-65008-00 REV A 2/10
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Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Minimum System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Chapter 2. Driver Installation
.....................................................................3
Windows Installation Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Mac OS X Installation Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Configuring Music Software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Chapter 3. Controls and Connectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Top Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Chapter 4. Advanced Keyboard Functions
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Chapter 5. Advanced Programming Functions
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Chapter 6. Keyboard Zones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Chapter 7. MIDI Messages Defined
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Program and Bank Changes Messages Explained . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
RPN/NRPNs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
SysEx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Appendix A. Standard MIDI Control Numbers (MIDI CC’s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Appendix B. Assignable MIDI CC’s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Appendix C. Useful MIDI Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Appendix D. DirectLink Transport Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Appendix E. Hexadecimal Conversion Chart
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Appendix F. Roland GS & Yamaha XG NRPN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
iii
Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of an M-Audio Axiom Series MIDI Controller. Designed for both studio and
stage, Axiom offers 25, 49, or 61 semi-weighted velocity-sensitive keys with aftertouch, and DirectLink. Once
installed and configured, DirectLink automatically maps Axiom faders, buttons, knobs, and Transport Controls to numerous functions in qualified versions of Pro Tools and other Digital Audio Workstations (DAWs).
Axiom faders, knobs buttons, and trigger pads can be mapped to various parameters in your DAW or virtual
instrument, by using its MIDI Learn function (if available), or by manual assignment as described in
Chapter 5, “Advanced Programming Functions.”
Refer to the documentation provided with your software for further information about its MIDI Learn capabilities and functions.
For a current list of qualified recording applications, the most recent Windows drivers, and DirectLink
installers and User Guides, visit www.avid.com.
A single USB connection not only sends MIDI data to the computer, but also provides power to the device. Axiom functions as a class-compliant device, and will be recognized by a host computer without the need for additional drivers. However, downloading and installing the latest Axiom drivers (from www.avid.com) is
strongly recommended before installing DirectLink, or controlling more than one application at the same
time, or simultaneously using other class-compliant USB audio devices. Otherwise, connect Axiom to an
available USB port on a computer using the included USB cable, and set the power switch to the On position.
The 5-pin MIDI connectors transmits MIDI data to and from Axiom when controlling external hardware synthesizers or sound modules. Axiom will also function as a USB MIDI interface between a host computer and
external MIDI hardware while connected via USB.
For more information about installing drivers on Windows systems, as well as Axiom setup and DAW
configuration for Windows and Mac OS X, see Chapter 2, “Driver Installation.” Further information on
installing and configuring DirectLink can be found in the appropriate DirectLink User Guide.
Axiom User Guide
1
Chapter 1: Introduction
Features
• 25, 49, or 61 velocity-sensitive, semi-weighted keys with aftertouch
• 4 programmable Keyboard Zones
• Octave/Transpose buttons
• DirectLink - Automatic mapping of top panel controls to qualified DAWs
• 2 Dedicated Patch Select buttons
• 8 Trigger Pads; MIDI re-assignable
• 9 Faders (1 on Axiom 25); MIDI re-assignable
• 9 Fader buttons (Axiom 49/61 only); MIDI re-assignable
• 8 “Endless” Encoder Knobs; MIDI re-assignable
• 6 Transport buttons; MIDI re-assignable
• Pitch Bend and Modulation wheels; MIDI re-assignable
• Sustain and Expression Pedal inputs; MIDI re-assignable
• 20 user editable memory locations
• LCD Screen
• 5-pin MIDI In and MIDI Out connectors
• USB 2.0 port (backward compatible with USB 1.1)
Minimum System Requirements
Minimum System Requirements can be found at www.avid.com.
Axiom User Guide
2
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Driver Installation
Windows Installation Instructions
Axiom functions as a class-compliant device and will be recognized by a computer without additional drivers
on Windows XP, Windows Vista, or Windows 7. Simply connect the device to a computer using the supplied
USB cable, configure your recording software and start making music.
However, we recommend that Windows users download and install the latest Axiom Series drivers found on
the M-Audio website to do any of the following:
• Control more than one application at the same time.
• Simultaneously use other class-compliant USB audio devices.
• Use long System Exclusive (SysEx) commands.
Installation Steps
Make sure Axiom is not connected to the computer before beginning the installation. The installer will
prompt you to connect Axiom during the installation procedure.
To install the Windows drivers from a download:
„
Double-click the installer to begin the installation process. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete
the installation.
To install the Windows drivers from the Installer disk:
1 Insert the disk in your computer CD or DVD drive. The driver installer launches when the Installation disk
is inserted.
If your computer fails to launch this application automatically, you can manually start it by going to the
Start menu, opening My Computer (or Computer in Windows Vista and Windows 7), and opening the
disk that appears in your computer’s CD or DVD drive.
2
Select Axiom from the Product pop-up menu and click Install.
Follow the on-screen instructions. At various points in the process, you may be notified that the driver being
installed has not passed Windows Logo Testing, or asked whether the program you wish to run is a trusted application. Click Continue Anyway (Windows XP) or Install (Windows Vista or Windows 7) to proceed with the
installation.
3
4
Once the installer has completed, click Finish.
Connect Axiom to an available USB port on your computer. If you are using Windows Vista or Windows 7,
your Axiom is now ready to use. If you are using Windows XP, proceed to the next step.
5
Axiom User Guide
3
Chapter 2: Driver Installation
6
For Windows XP only, do the following:
• After Windows XP identifies the keyboard and asks if you want to search the Internet for a driver, select
No, not this time and click Next.
• When the Found New Hardware Wizard appears, select Install the software automatically and click Next.
• Once the Wizard has completed, click Finish. If you are presented with another Found New Hardware
Wizard dialog, repeat step 6.
When the installation is complete, you will see a message stating “Your new hardware is installed and ready
to use.”
7
8
Proceed to “Configuring Music Software” on page 4.
If you plan to use DirectLink so that Axiom controllers are automatically mapped to functions in your DAW,
the DirectLink software must be installed separately. Refer to the separate DirectLink documentation applicable to your DAW for complete installation and configuration instructions.
Mac OS X Installation Instructions
The class-compliant drivers built into Mac OS X provide support for Axiom, therefore no additional drivers are
necessary (or available) when using the device with Mac OS X. Simply connect it to the computer using the
supplied USB cable, configure your recording software, and start making music.
If you plan to use DirectLink so that Axiom controls are automatically mapped to functions in your DAW, the
DirectLink software must be installed separately. Refer to the separate DirectLink documentation applicable to
your DAW for complete installation and configuration instructions.
Configuring Music Software
When using Axiom with your computer, you may need to configure your music software to receive MIDI data.
This process varies from one application to another, but is usually done through a “Preferences,” “Setup,” or
“Options” menu. Refer to the documentation included with your DAW software for further information.
Because Axiom does not contain built-in sounds, pressing a key will only send MIDI data to the computer, giving instructions on when and how a note should play. A virtual instrument loaded onto a track of your DAW
software then creates the sound based on the instructions received from Axiom. For more details on using virtual instruments, refer to the documentation for your DAW software.
Axiom User Guide
4
Chapter 2: Driver Installation
Chapter 3: Controls and Connectors
Top Panel
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11
12
Vel Lock
3
Snap
Shot
2
1
19
20
18
17 16
15
14
Vel Lock
13
Using DirectLink
Once installed and configured, DirectLink is activated by launching a qualified DAW application on the host
computer. This automatically maps Axiom controls to functions in your recording software and offers the following modes of operation:
Mixer Mode This is the default mode which maps Axiom Faders, Encoder knobs, and Fader buttons to their corresponding DAW mixer functions.
Instrument Mode Pressing the Instrument Mode button (See “Function Buttons” on page 11) switches DirectLink to Instrument Mode, and assigns Axiom controls to virtual instrument parameters within a selected
DAW track.
Because DirectLink configuration and operation varies slightly in different DAW applications, please refer to
the DirectLink documentation for your qualified DAW for further details and installation instructions.
Where applicable, this section provides an overview of these controls using DirectLink, as well as their default
MIDI assignments.
Axiom User Guide
5
Chapter 3: Controls and Connectors
1
Modulation Wheel
This wheel changes the intensity of certain effects during performance. By default, most synthesizers assign this wheel to control vibrato (change in intonation) or tremolo (change in volume). Rolling it upward
increases the modulation effect, while rolling downward reduces the effect.
When this control is moved the LCD screen will display the assigned MIDI CC number (“cc 1”), the active
keyboard Zone (for example “z1”), and the values sent. If the Control Mute function is active (See “Additional Functions” on page 12) the LCD will display the same information, with the addition of “MUTE.”
This signifies that MIDI data will not be transmitted.
The Modulation Wheel can be assigned to MIDI messages other than Modulation data (see Chapter 5,
“Advanced Programming Functions”), and different assignments can be made for each of the 4 keyboard
Zones. This means the type of messages sent is determined by the active Zones. See Chapter 6, “Keyboard
Zones”for further details. For a list of supported assignments, see Appendix A, “Standard MIDI Control
Numbers (MIDI CC’s)” and Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s.”
2
Pitch Bend Wheel
This wheel raises and lowers pitch during performance. Rolling the Pitch Bend wheel upward raises the
pitch. Rolling it downward lowers the pitch. The upper and lower pitch bend limit is determined by settings on your hardware or software synthesizer, not by the Pitch Bend wheel on Axiom. This wheel is
spring-mounted and returns to the center position when released.
When this control is moved the LCD screen will display the assigned message type (such as “P.bENd”), the
active keyboard Zone (for example “z1”), and values sent. If the Control Mute function is active (See “Additional Functions” on page 12) the LCD will display the same information, with the addition of “MUTE.”
This signifies that MIDI data will not be transmitted.
This wheel can be assigned to MIDI messages other than Pitch Bend data, and different assignments can
be made for each of the 4 keyboard Zone. This means the type of messages sent is determined by the active
Zones. See Chapter 6, “Keyboard Zones”for further details. For a list of supported assignments, see
Appendix A, “Standard MIDI Control Numbers (MIDI CC’s)” and Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s.”
3
Octave/Transpose Buttons
These buttons shift the keyboard up or down in one octave increments to extend the range of playable
notes. The Right button (+) shifts upward (for example, note F3 becomes F4), while the Left button (–)
shifts downward (for example, note F3 becomes F2).
The Transpose function is activated by pressing the Left (–)and Right (+) buttons simultaneously. In this
mode, pressing the Right button shifts the keyboard upward by one half-step (semi-tone). For example,
note F3 becomes F#3. Pressing the Left button shifts the keyboard downward by one half-step (F3 becomes
E3).
Global and Zone Shift Functions
As described in Chapter 6, “Keyboard Zones,” keyboard Zones can have individual Octave and/or Transpose settings. The Global and Zone Octave/Transpose settings work in combination to shift the pitch of
the entire keyboard while preserving relative pitch offsets between Zones. The Zone Octave and Transpose
functions are useful when different Octave or Transpose shift settings are needed across multiple Zones.
Axiom User Guide
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Chapter 3: Controls and Connectors
4
Group F Button (Axiom 49 & 61 0nly)
DirectLink Operation
When this button is pressed, all nine Axiom Faders, and Fader buttons (F1–18) are released from their DirectLink assignments, and mapped according to the active Patch. A new Axiom Patch can be selected at
any time by using the “Recall” function. See “Additional Functions” on page 12
Pressing the Group F button again, returns all controls to their DirectLink assignments. The button also
illuminates confirming the group is in DirectLink mode.
Default Operation
The Group F button is used to enable or disable the control group when a Patch is stored or recalled. When
the button is illuminated the group is enabled for the operation.
For example, when storing a Patch, the group is enabled by default. Pressing the button disables and excludes the controls from the newly stored patch. When the patch is recalled, the state of the group is remembered as being disabled, and the Group F button will not illuminate.
5
Faders
There are nine Faders (F1–F9) on Axiom 49 and 61, and one Fader (F1) on Axiom 25. These faders function
based on the type of operation, as follows:
DirectLink Operation
In Mixer Mode (default), the first eight Faders (F1–F8) automatically map to control the track volume for
the currently selected bank of eight tracks in a qualified DAW application. The right-most Fader (F9) and
the single Fader on Axiom 25 will map to the Master Volume in the application.
When Instrument Mode is active, these faders generally map to parameters on the virtual instrument
within the targeted DAW track.
The operation of these Faders may vary slightly in different DAW applications. For more information
about Instrument and Mixer modes, refer to the DirectLink User Guide for your qualified DAW.
Default Operation
All nine Faders (Axiom 49 & 61) send different types of standard MIDI CC messages, or advanced MIDI
messages based on the parameter they are assigned to. See Appendix A, “Standard MIDI Control Numbers
(MIDI CC’s)” and Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s.” When a fader is moved the LCD screen will display the assigned MIDI message (for example “cc 74”), its name (for example “F1”), and the values sent.
If the Control Mute function (See “Additional Functions” on page 12) is active the LCD will display the
same information, with the addition of “MUTE.” This signifies that MIDI data will not be transmitted, and
the fader can be moved with affecting external software devices. All faders are fully assignable as described
in Chapter 5, “Advanced Programming Functions.”
Axiom User Guide
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Chapter 3: Controls and Connectors
6
Fader Buttons
Axiom 49 and 61 feature nine Fader buttons. These buttons function based on the type of operation, as
follows:
DirectLink Operation
In Mixer Mode (default), the first eight buttons (F10–F17) are used for selecting a track within and active
bank of eight tracks in qualified DAW applications. By default, pressing any of them will select the corresponding DAW track. Pressing the right-most Fader button (F18) places buttons F10 to F17 in Mute mode.
This will mute the corresponding DAW track. Pressing button F18 again will place them in Solo mode.
Pressing any of the first 8 buttons will solo its corresponding track, while muting all others. When button
F18 is pressed another time buttons F10 to F17 will be in Record Arm mode. Pressing each button will arm
its corresponding DAW track for recording.
The LCD screen will display the current mode of operation each time button F18 is pressed. For example,
“SEL,” “MUTE,” “SOLO,” or “REC.”
When Instrument Mode is active, these buttons generally map to parameters on the virtual instrument
within the targeted DAW track.
The operation of these buttons may vary slightly in different DAW applications. For more information
about Instrument and Mixer modes, refer to the DirectLink User Guide for your qualified DAW.
Default Operation
All nine buttons (Axiom 49 & 61) send different types of standard MIDI CC, MIDI note, or other advanced
MIDI messages based on the parameter they are assigned to as described in Chapter 5, “Advanced Programming Functions.” See Appendix A, “Standard MIDI Control Numbers (MIDI CC’s)” and Appendix B,
“Assignable MIDI CC’s.”
Complete lists of available MIDI CC’s can be found in See Appendix A, “Standard MIDI Control Numbers
(MIDI CC’s),” and Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s.”
Pressing a Fader button causes the LCD screen to display the assigned MIDI message (for example “cc 74”),
its name (for example “F10”), and the value sent. This will also be the case when the button is released. If
the Control Mute function is active pressing one of these buttons with deactivate it.
7
LCD Screen
The LCD screen displays operational, programming, and status information. In DirectLink mode the data
seen on the LCD screen is entirely dictated by the DAW.
8
Group E Button
DirectLink Operation
When this button is pressed, all eight Axiom Encoder knobs (E1–E8) are released from their DirectLink assignments, and mapped according to the current active preset Patch. A new Axiom Patch can be selected
at any time by using the “Recall” function. See “Additional Functions” on page 12
Pressing the Group E button again, returns all controls to their DirectLink assignments. The button also
illuminates confirming the group is in DirectLink mode.
The Axiom Transport buttons are not affected by the Group E button, and they will always retain their
default DirectLink assignments.
Axiom User Guide
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Chapter 3: Controls and Connectors
Default Operation
The Group E button is used to enable or disable the control group when a Patch is stored or recalled. When
the button is illuminated the group is enabled for the operation.
For example, when storing a Patch, the group is enabled by default. Pressing the button disables and excludes the controls from the newly stored patch. When the patch is recalled, the state of the group is remembered as being disabled, and the Group E button will not illuminate.
9
Encoder Knobs
There are eight Encoder Knobs (E1–E8) with functions based on the type of operation, as follows:
DirectLink Operation
In Mixer Mode (default), these knobs map to the Pan function within qualified DAWs by default.
When Instrument Mode is active, these Encoder knobs generally map to parameters on the virtual instrument within the targeted DAW track.
The operation of these knobs may vary slightly in different DAW applications. For more information
about Instrument and Mixer modes, refer to the DirectLink User Guide for your qualified DAW.
Default Operation
These knobs send different types of standard MIDI CC messages or advanced MIDI messages based on the
parameter they are assigned to, or the active preset. See Appendix A, “Standard MIDI Control Numbers
(MIDI CC’s)” and Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s.” When a knob is moved the LCD screen will display the assigned MIDI message (for example “cc 74”), its name (for example “E1”), and the value sent. If
the Control Mute function (See “Additional Functions” on page 12) is active the LCD will display the
same information, with the addition of “MUTE.” This signifies that MIDI data will not be transmitted. All
Encoder knobs are fully assignable as described in Chapter 5, “Advanced Programming Functions.”
10 Transport Buttons
These buttons (E9–E14) function based on the type of operation, as follows:
DirectLink Operation
In both Mixer and Instrument Modes, these buttons map to the Transport buttons in qualified DAW applications to control playback, record, start/stop, fast forward and rewind, as well as enabling (or disabling) the loop function.
Within in qualified versions of Pro Tools, holding the Loop button while pressing one of the other Transport Control buttons gives access to additional functions. Further information on how to access these
functions can be found in the DirectLink User Guide for Pro Tools.
Default Operation
These buttons send standard MIDI CC, MIDI note, MMC (MIDI Machine Control), or other advanced
MIDI messages based on the parameter they are assigned to. See Appendix A, “Standard MIDI Control
Numbers (MIDI CC’s)” and Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s.” When a button is pressed, the LCD
screen will display the assigned MIDI message (for example “cc 74”), its name (for example “E9”), and the
value sent. This will also be the case when it is released. If the Control Mute function (See “Additional
Functions” on page 12) is active it is deactivated when on of these buttons is pressed.
All Axiom Transport buttons are fully assignable as described in Chapter 5, “Advanced Programming
Functions.”
Axiom User Guide
9
Chapter 3: Controls and Connectors
11 Group P Button
DirectLink Operation
When this button is pressed, all eight Trigger pads (P1–P8) are released from their DirectLink assignments,
and mapped according to the current preset Patch. A new Axiom Patch can be selected at any time by using the “Recall” function. See “Additional Functions” on page 12
Pressing the Group P button again, returns all pads to their DirectLink assignments. The button also illuminates confirming the group is in DirectLink mode.
Default Operation
The Group P button is used to enable or disable the control group when a Patch is stored or recalled. When
the button is illuminated the pad is enabled for the operation.
For example, when storing a Patch, the group is enabled by default. Pressing the button disables and excludes the pads from the newly stored patch. When the patch is recalled, the state of the group is remembered as being disabled, and the Group P button will not illuminate.
12 Trigger Pads
There are eight Trigger Pads (P1–P8) that send different types of standard MIDI CC, MIDI note, or other advanced MIDI messages based on the parameter they are assigned to.
Complete lists of available MIDI CC’s can be found in See Appendix A, “Standard MIDI Control Numbers
(MIDI CC’s),” and Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s.”
Generally these pads transmit MIDI notes using MIDI Message “147.” Please see Chapter 5, “Advanced
Programming Functions” for more information.
When assigned to a standard MIDI CC number, the pad is pressure sensitive. In this instance, the value
sent is determined by the amount of pressure applied while it is held down. The greater the pressure, the
higher the value and vice versa.
Pads assigned to advanced MIDI messages operate in the same way as the Fader buttons or transport controls.
When a pad is struck, or when pressure is applied to it, the LCD screen will display the assigned MIDI message (for example “cc 74”), its name (for example “P1”), and the value sent. This will also be the case when
pressure has been removed.
The Trigger Pads are generally not affected by DirectLink in either Mixer or Instrument Mode. For further
information about these Pads and DirectLink, refer to the DirectLink Guide for your DAW.
Axiom User Guide
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Chapter 3: Controls and Connectors
13 Function Buttons
These buttons access the following features:
• Instrument Mode Button (Inst) This button switches DirectLink between Mixer (default) and Instrument modes while Axiom is controlling a qualified DAW. When used to activate Instrument Mode, the
button will illuminate when pressed, and the LCD screen will momentarily display the instrument
name.
Holding down the Instrument Mode button will open and close the window for the instrument being
controlled. Momentarily pressing the Instrument Mode button returns DirectLink to Mixer Mode.
For DirectLink installation instructions, please refer to the appropriate DirectLink guide for your qualified
DAW.
• Null This button activates and de-activates Null Mode. By default, Null mode is always active and the
Null button will illuminate when this is the case. In Null Mode, the position of Axiom Faders is stored
as part of a user Patch. This is known as their Null value. If a fader is at a different position or value when
the patch is recalled the LCD will display “MUTE” and a value representing how far off they are from the
Null value. The fader will not transmit MIDI data until the Null Value has been reached. This prevents
corresponding parameters in the software from jumping to a different value as the Axiom control is adjusted. The Axiom Fader will be “un-muted” as soon as the position matches the value stored in the user
patch.
For example, in qualified versions of Pro Tools, Axiom Preset 9 can be used to control the virtual instrument called Velvet. When an instrument parameter is edited using an Axiom Fader, its new position is
retained as the Null value when a new preset is selected. If the same fader is used to edit the new preset,
it is likely to be in a different position when Preset 9 is recalled. Because Null Mode is active by default,
the fader will not transmit MIDI data to Velvet until it has been adjusted to its Null Value. This prevents
it from transmitting a MIDI CC value that will cause an unwanted parameter change in Velvet.
• Program (Prog) When this button is pressed it will illuminate and the LCD screen will show the current
Program Change number (for example, “PRG 0”) and the active keyboard Zone (for example, “z 1”).
Pressing either of the Patch buttons (“Up” arrow or “Down” arrow) will increase or decrease this number, and the resulting program change message is sent on the active Zone channel. After 1 second, the
display returns to normal and the patch buttons return to their default functionality.
Program Change massages for all active keyboard Zones are included whenever a patch is stored. For
more information on Zones, please refer to Chapter 6, “Keyboard Zones.”
When the Program button is held down for at least one second Axiom enters Edit Mode, which overrides both Performance and DirectLink Modes. The Program and Edit buttons will illuminate, and the
LCD screen will show the current Program change and active Zone number. A direct Program change
can then be sent by entering the desired program number using the numerical keys and pressing the enter key to confirm.
For more information about these parameters, see Chapter 4, “Advanced Keyboard Functions,”
Chapter 5, “Advanced Programming Functions,” and Chapter 6, “Keyboard Zones.”
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Chapter 3: Controls and Connectors
• Channel (Chan) When this button is pressed it illuminates and the LCD screen shows the current Global
MIDI Channel number (for example, “G.CHAN 1.” Pressing either of the Patch buttons (“Up” arrow or
“Down” arrow) will change the Channel number.
Holding the Channel button for at least one second takes Axiom into Edit Mode which overrides both
Performance and DirectLink Modes. The Channel and Edit buttons will illuminate, and the LCD screen
will show the current Global Channel number. This value can be changed by entering the new Channel
number using the numbered keys and Enter key on the keyboard.
• Edit When this button is pressed it illuminates and activates Edit Mode. The LCD screen will read “Edit,”
and display the current Control Number (for example “E 1” - the first Encoder Knob). This function lets
you access the extended parameters listed along the top edge of the keyed. Moving the currently selected Control changes the value.
In Edit Mode, the Patch buttons increment and decrement the selected parameter value at any time.
For more information on Edit Mode, refer to Chapter 4, “Advanced Keyboard Functions,” Chapter 5,
“Advanced Programming Functions,” and Chapter 6, “Keyboard Zones.”
Additional Functions
The Function buttons allow access to four additional Functions as follows:
• Recall In both Performance and DirectLink Mode, simultaneously pressing the Instrument Mode and
Null buttons activates Edit Mode. The Edit button illuminates and the LCD screen will show the current
Patch selection (for example “PATCH 01”). This value can be changed by entering the new Patch number using the numbered keys on the keyboard, or the Patch buttons. Pressing the Enter key or Edit button will confirm the new patch number and edit mode is disabled.
• Control Mute (Ctrl Mute) Simultaneously pressing the Null and Program (Prog) buttons will activate
and deactivate Control Mute (Ctrl Mute mode). When this function is active, the LCD screen will read
“MUTE ON.” In Ctrl Mute mode, Axiom controls can be moved without transmitting MIDI Data. This
function will be automatically turned off as soon as a key or button is pressed, or as soon as the Null and
Program buttons are simultaneously pressed again.
• Panic Simultaneously pressing the Program (Prog) and Channel (Chan) buttons will send “All Notes
Off” and “Reset All Controllers” messages on all MIDI Channels. The LCD screen will read “Panic” during this operation. This stops stuck notes that continue to play even after their keys have been released.
• Velocity Lock (Vel Lock) Simultaneously pressing the Channel (Chan) and Edit buttons will activate Velocity Lock. The LCD screen will read “VLock ON.” The note velocity sent by the Trigger Pads is restricted to the range of values specified by the Data 2 and Data 3 parameters.
For more information on how to edit the Data 2 and Data 3 parameters, please refer to Chapter 4, “Advanced Keyboard Functions.”
Pressing the buttons again will de-activate this function, returning it to the default setting. The LCD
screen will read “VLock OFF,” and the note velocity is determined by how hard the Pads are struck. By
default, Velocity Lock is set to off.
The VLock setting can be stored as part of a Patch using the Store function described in Chapter 4, “Advanced Keyboard Functions.”
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Chapter 3: Controls and Connectors
14 Mute Button
In DirectLink mode, this button will mute and “un-mute” the targeted track in a qualified DAW. Pressing
this button while holding down the Shift button will solo the keyboard's target track.
If the Zone button is active, the Mute button activates and deactivates Zone 4. For more information, see
section 17 “Zone Buttons (1,2,3, & 4)” in this chapter.
15 Track Buttons
These buttons function based on the type of operation, as follows:
DirectLink Operation
These buttons are used for selecting the target track or banks of 8 Tracks within qualified DAW applications.
• Track Selection The left Track button (<) targets the previous DAW Track. For example, if Track 2 is currently targeted, pressing this button will target Track 1. The right Track button (>) target the next Track.
For example, if Track 2 is currently targeted, pressing this button will target Track 3. These buttons can
also be used to target tracks outside the currently active bank of 8 tracks. For example, if track 8 is currently targeted and the > Track button is pressed, Track 9 will be targeted and Axiom will automatically
bank to the next group of 8 tracks. Axiom Faders and their corresponding buttons will now control
Tracks 9–16.
If the target is an instrument track, it is automatically armed for recording, and Axiom will immediately
play notes on the virtual instrument that is loaded. If Instrument Mode is active the controls will automatically map to the instrument within the target track.
• Bank Selection When the Shift button is held down the left Track button (<) selects the previous bank
of 8 DAW Tracks. For example, if the bank of Tracks 9–16 is currently selected, pressing this button when
Shift is held down will select the bank of Tracks 1–8. The right Track button (>) selects the next bank of
8 Tracks. For example, if the bank of Tracks 9–16 is currently selected, pressing this button when Shift
is held down will select the bank of Tracks 17–24.
Default Operation
The Track buttons (< and >) are used for activating and deactivating Zones 2 (<) and 3 (>) as described below in section 17 “Zone Buttons (1,2,3, & 4)” of this chapter.
16 Shift Button
This button functions based on the type of operation, as follows:
DirectLink (Default) Operation
Holding down the Shift button allows you to access additional functions and mapping options performed
by the Encoder knobs, Fader buttons, Track buttons, and Mute buttons, in qualified DAW applications.
17 Zone Buttons (1,2,3, & 4)
These buttons activate and de-activate keyboard Zones 1 though 4 respectively. Zone 1 is the default Zone.
Activating a Zone will cause its corresponding button to illuminate, and all other Zones will be deactivated. Multiple Zones can be activated by simultaneously pressing any combination of these buttons.
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Chapter 3: Controls and Connectors
18 Zone Button
This button is used for accessing the individual Zone buttons described above.
Holding down the this button for at least one second, in both Performance and DirectLink Modes, will put
Axiom into Zone Edit Mode. For more information, see Chapter 6, “Keyboard Zones.”
19 Patch Buttons
These buttons function based on the type of operation, as follows:
DirectLink Operation
While Axiom is in Instrument Mode, the Patch buttons scroll up or down through virtual instrument
Patches on the currently selected Track within a qualified DAW. In certain applications these buttons also
allow you to scroll the various devices or plug-ins inserted in the currently selected DAW channel strip.
Refer to the appropriate DirectLink guide for further information.
Default Operation
These buttons allow you to scroll the 20 Axiom Patch presets.
In Edit Mode, the Patch buttons are used to increment/decrement the selected parameter value.
20 Keyboard
The velocity-sensitive, semi-weighted keyboard is not only the primary method of sending Note On/ Off
and Velocity data when performing, it is also used to access extended programing functions listed along
its upper edge. For more information on the extended programming functions, refer to Chapter 4, “Advanced Keyboard Functions.”
• Aftertouch Axiom features a fully assignable Aftertouch Strip. When additional pressure is applied to a
key that has been pressed the Aftertouch Strip will transmit MIDI data based on the assigned MIDI CC.
When pressure is applied to the Strip the LCD screen will display the assigned message type (“CH AT”),
the active keyboard Zone (for example “z1”), and the value sent (for example “0”).
A unique MIDI CC can be assigned to the Aftertouch Strip for each active keyboard Zone, so that the
messages sent are defined by the active Zones.
For more information on reassigning the Strip see Chapter 5, “Advanced Programming Functions.”
Rear Panel
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
On / Off
Expr
Sustain
MIDI Out
MIDI In
USB
9V DC
Power
21 Kensington® Lock Connector
This connector is compatible with standard laptop-style Kensington® security cables for theft protection.
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Chapter 3: Controls and Connectors
22 Expression Pedal Input
This socket accepts both “switch type” and standard expression Pedals such as M-Audio EX-P for adding
expressive changes during performances. The Expression Pedal input is fully MIDI-assignable, and a
unique MIDI CC can be assigned for each keyboard Zone, so that the message(s) sent are defined by the
active Zone(s).
For a list of supported assignments, see Appendix A, “Standard MIDI Control Numbers (MIDI CC’s)” and
Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s”
23 Sustain Pedal Input
This socket accepts momentary-contact foot Pedals (not included). When pressed, this Pedal will sustain
the notes you are playing, without having to keep your fingers pressing down the keys. The Sustain Pedal
input is fully MIDI-assignable, and a unique MIDI CC can be assigned for each keyboard Zone, so that the
message(s) sent are defined by the active Zone(s).
For a list of supported assignments, see Appendix A, “Standard MIDI Control Numbers (MIDI CC’s)” and
Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s”
The polarity of the Sustain Pedal is determined by Axiom upon startup. When powering up, it assumes the
Pedal is in the “up” (off) position. It is important that the Sustain Pedal is not pressed down during
startup, otherwise its operation will be reversed.
24 MIDI In Port
This standard 5-pin MIDI connector receives data from any MIDI compatible device such as a synthesizer
or drum machine.
This port also allows you to use Axiom as a MIDI interface to send MIDI data from external hardware to
your DAW. In this instance, the 3rd USB MIDI input should be selected from those available in the DAW
preferences. Please refer to the documentation provided with your DAW for further information on MIDI
configuration.
25 MIDI Out Port
This standard 5-pin MIDI connector transmits data to any MIDI compatible device such as a synthesizer,
sound module, or drum machine.
In MIDI Out “From USB” Mode, data sent to the Axiom USB MIDI Output port (not the DirectLink port)
will be streamed to the external MIDI Out port. Please refer to Chapter 4, “Advanced Keyboard Functions”
for further information on MIDI Out from USB.
26 USB Port
The USB 2.0 port (backward compatible with USB 1.1) delivers power to Axiom and transmits MIDI data
to and from the host computer.
27 Power Supply Jack
Connect an optional 9VDC power supply here when controlling external MIDI hardware in a live situation. This connection is not to be used while Axiom is connected to a host computer using the USB Port.
28 On/Off Switch
Use this switch to power the device on or off whether Axiom is connected via USB or controlling external
hardware.
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Chapter 3: Controls and Connectors
Chapter 4: Advanced Keyboard Functions
Axiom includes extended programming capabilities through secondary functions of the keys. The available
parameters are listed along the top edge of the keyboard, and accessed by pressing the Edit button. The LCD
screen shows the numerical value of the parameter being edited.
8
6
4
1
Enter
9
7
5
2
0
3
Drawbar
Curve
Store
MIDI Out
Data 3
Mem. Dump
Data 2
Bank MSB
Data 1
Bank LSB
Snapshot
Cntrl Select
Chan Asgn
Zone Chan
Ctrl Asgn
Control Assign (Ctrl Assign), Data 1, Data 2, Data 3
The Control Assign function (Ctrl Assign) assigns a MIDI continuous control number (MIDI CC), or other
MIDI parameter to any assignable Axiom control. The Data 1, Data 2, and Data 3 keys define various related
aspects of the parameter or function assigned to a control. For lists of available MIDI continuous control numbers, see Appendix A, “Standard MIDI Control Numbers (MIDI CC’s)” and Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI
CC’s.”
For example, it is possible to configure a button to send MIDI note On/Off Data by assigning it to controller
number 147. The Data 1 key is used to specify the pitch (note number) of the note played by the button (see
Appendix C, “Useful MIDI Data”). The Data 2 key is used to set the Note Off velocity (Velocity Off). The Data
3 key is used to set the Note On velocity (Velocity On), determining how loud the note will sound.
For more details and step-by-step control assignment examples, refer to Chapter 5, “Advanced Programming
Functions.”
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Chapter 4: Advanced Keyboard Functions
Zone Channel (Zone Chan)
The Zone Channel (ZONE CHAN) function specifies which MIDI Channel a Zone will use when transmitting
MIDI data. Assigning each Zone to its own channel will allow you to play up to 4 different sound patches on
a connected synthesizer or virtual instrument. This setting is saved as part of a user patch when stored to a
Memory Location. For instructions on how to save a user patch, see “Store” on page 22.
Assigning an Axiom control to a Zone MIDI Channel (z1– z4) as described in the following section (“Channel
Assign (Chan Assign)” on page 18), causes that control to transmit MIDI data on the same MIDI Channel as
the corresponding Zone.
For more information about Keyboard Zones and their related functions and parameters, see Chapter 6, “Keyboard Zones.”
To set the MIDI Channel for a Keyboard Zone:
1
Press the Zone button followed by one of the Zone selection buttons. See Chapter 6, “Keyboard Zones.”
2
Press the Edit button.
Press the Zone CHAN key. The LCD screen will display the current function (“CHAN”), the active Zone number (for example “z1”) and the current Zone Channel number.
3
4
Enter the new MIDI Channel number using the number keys or Patch buttons (+/–).
5
Press the Enter key.
6
Repeat steps 1 – 5 to assign set the MIDI channel for the remaining Zones.
After setting the Zone channel and exiting Edit mode, activate all desired Zones by simultaneously pressing
their respective Zone buttons.
Default Zone Channels
Axiom User Guide
Zone
MIDI Channel
1
0 (Global Channel)
2
2
3
3
4
4
17
Chapter 4: Advanced Keyboard Functions
Channel Assign (Chan Assign)
The Channel Assign function (CHAN ASGN) assigns the active Axiom control to a specific MIDI channel.
To assign a knob, fader, button or pedal jack to a MIDI channel:
1
Select the active control as described in the next section, “Control Select (Ctrl Select)” on page 19.
2
Press the Edit button.
3
Press the Channel Assign key. The LCD screen will display the current parameter (“CHAN), the currently
selected control (for example “E1”), and the current MIDI channel (for example “1”).
4
Enter the new MIDI channel number using the number keys.
5
Press the Enter key.
When assigned to channel “0,” the control will transmit on the Global MIDI Channel. For more information,
refer to the next section, “Global Channel.”
When numbers 17 – 20 are entered the control will send MIDI data on one of the four Channels used by
keyboard Zones, z1 – z4, as shown in the following table. For further instructions on assigning a MIDI channel
to a Zone, see “Zone Channel (Zone Chan)” on page 17.
Keyboard Entry
LCD Display
Keyboard Zone
17
z1
Zone 1
18
z2
Zone 2
19
z3
Zone 3
20
z4
Zone 4
When a control is assigned to send SysEx messages, the displayed number represents the SysEx Device ID
instead of the MIDI transmit channel number. For more information about SysEx messages, refer to
Chapter 7, “MIDI Messages Defined.” A complete list of assignable SysEx messages can be found in
Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s.”
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Chapter 4: Advanced Keyboard Functions
Control Select (Ctrl Select)
The Control Select function (CTRL SEL) is used to select a MIDI control (knob, button, fader, or pedal jack) for
editing. This is useful when a control needs to be selected without sending unwanted MIDI data because the
control was moved or pressed.
All Axiom controls are labeled with a unique number, such as F1, P2, etc. It is not necessary (or possible)
to enter the letter when following the editing examples below.
To select an Axiom control for editing:
1
Press the Edit button.
2
Press the group button that contains the control you want to select.
3
Press the Control Select key.
4
Enter the control's ID number using the number keys.
The Control is now selected for programming, and another advanced function can be selected for further programming of the control.
Alternatively, if unwanted MIDI transmission is not an issue, an Axiom control can be selected by moving
or pressing it either before or after pressing the edit button.
Snapshot
This function sends the current values of all mapped Axiom knobs and faders on the external MIDI out port
to a DAW or virtual instrument. This simultaneously adjusts multiple parameters. When the Edit button is
pressed followed by the Snapshot key, the values are sent immediately, and the LCD screen will read “SNAP”
as the MIDI data is transmitted.
When a patch is stored, the positional value of each control is saved within the patch as the 'Null' values.
In other words, if you use Axiom controls to set up a virtual instrument or synth and save the settings to
a patch, pressing snapshot after pressing the Edit button, will send the null values to the synth to set the
sound up as programmed.
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Chapter 4: Advanced Keyboard Functions
Bank LSB
The Bank LSB function sends bank change messages on the MIDI Channels for all active Zones. These
messages are used to access additional banks of sound patches, if available, on virtual instruments or sound
modules.
Bank LSB messages may not have any effect until they are followed by a Program Change message. For more
information on Bank LSB messages, see Chapter 8, “MIDI Messages Defined.”
Refer to the documentation for the virtual instrument or synthesizer to confirm it will respond to these
messages.
To set a Bank LSB number:
1
Press the Edit button.
2
Press the Bank LSB key. The LCD screen will display the current function (“LSB”), the current active
keyboard Zone (for example “z1”) and last sent Bank LSB number (for example, “0”).
3
Enter the new Bank LSB number using the number keys.
4
Press the Enter key.
Bank MSB
The Bank MSB function sends bank change messages on the MIDI Channels for all active Zones. These messages are used to access additional banks of sound patches, if available, on virtual instruments or sound modules.
Bank MSB messages may not have any effect until they are followed by a Program Change message. For more
information on Bank MSB messages, see Chapter 8, “MIDI Messages Defined.”
Refer to the documentation for the virtual instrument or synthesizer to confirm it will respond to these messages.
To set a Bank MSB Number:
1
Press the Edit button.
2
Press the Bank MSB key. The LCD screen will display the current function (“MSB”), the current active keyboard Zone (for example “z1”) and last sent Bank MSB number (for example, “1”).
3
Enter the new Bank MSB number using the number keys.
4
Press the Enter key.
When a patch is stored, the Bank LSB, Bank MSB, and Program values for each active Zone are saved.
When the patch is recalled, this data is sent out on the active Zone channels to set up the correct
instrument sound for each Zone.
If this is undesirable, please ensure the Zone button (“Zone Button” on page 14) is de-activated when
recalling the patch.
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Chapter 4: Advanced Keyboard Functions
Memory Dump (Mem Dump)
The SysEx Memory Dump function (MEM DUMP) will send the contents of all 20 Patch locations for storage
in a DAW application. The SysEx data is sent as soon as the key is pressed, and Edit mode will automatically
exit.
For information on how to record SysEx MIDI data, refer to the documentation provided with your DAW software.
To send a SysEx Memory Dump to your DAW:
1
Prepare a MIDI track within your DAW software to record from your Axiom.
2
Press the Edit button on your Axiom.
3
Start the MIDI recording in your DAW software.
Press the Memory Dump key on your Axiom. The SysEx memory dump will begin immediately, and the LCD
screen will display “SYS” to indicate that data is being sent. The SysEx file will appear as a new MIDI recording
in your DAW software.
4
In order to ensure a reliable SysEx transfer on Windows systems, please install the latest Axiom drivers
available at www.m-audio.com/support.
Restoring a Memory Dump
With Axiom selected as the MIDI Out port in your DAW, play back a MIDI track that contains a previously recorded Axiom SysEx Memory Dump. The SysEx data is sent back to Axiom, and the LCD screen will display
“SYS” while receiving the SysEx data. This permanently overwrites all current Axiom presets.
The restored settings will not become active until a new preset is loaded on your Axiom, or the device has been
powered off and on.
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Chapter 4: Advanced Keyboard Functions
MIDI Out
This parameter (also known as “MIDI Out From USB”) determines the source of MIDI data sent to the external
MIDI Out port. In its default setting (“OFF”), the MIDI OUT port will receive data from the Axiom keys and
Controls.
When set to 'USB' the MIDI Out port receives data from the USB connection to a host computer. This allows
Axiom to function as a USB MIDI interface between the computer and any external MIDI devices connected
to the Axiom 5 PIN MIDI connectors.
To send MIDI data to an external MIDI device, set MIDI Out to 'USB' and select Axiom as the MIDI Out port
in the DAW.
The MIDI Out setting is retained when Axiom is turned off and on.
To select a new MIDI Out:
1
Press the Edit button.
2
Press the MIDI OUT Key. The LCD screen will display “USB ->” and indicate whether the function is “OFF”
or “ON.”
3
Press the Patch “Up” or “Down” button to turn the function on or off. Axiom will return to Performance
mode approximately one second after the final button is pressed.
Store
The Store function saves control assignment settings to one of 20 memory locations. Storing new assignment
settings permanently overwrites the contents of the selected memory location.
To Restore the factory presets hold down the Patch “Up” and “Down” buttons during power up.
Groups of Axiom controls can be included or excluded from saved presets by activating or deactivating their
respective Group buttons. For more information about the Group buttons, refer to Chapter 3, “Controls and
Connectors.”
To store an Axiom patch to a memory location:
1
Press the Edit button.
2
Press the Store key. The LCD screen will display the number of the last selected Patch memory location (for
example, “1”).
3
Enter the number of the memory location you want to store the new settings to, by using the number keys
or the Patch “Up” or “Down” buttons.
4
Press the Enter key to save the changes and overwrite the previous settings of the memory location.
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Chapter 4: Advanced Keyboard Functions
Curve
The Curve key is used for changing the touch sensitivity of the keyboard and Trigger Pads, as well as the Acceleration Curve of the Encoder Knobs. This setting lets you decide how the force with which you hit a key
or Pad affects the volume at which a note plays, or how fast the knobs “sweep” through value changes.
Keyboard Sensitivity Options:
1 = C1 is a sensitivity setting that generates lower velocity values for the same force. This setting is useful for
playing more quietly, even if you tend to strike the keys harder.
2 = C2 is the default setting, and is designed to be useful for most players with an “average” touch (people
who play with an average amount of force).
3 = C3 is a sensitivity setting that generates higher velocity values for the same force. This setting is useful
for playing more loudly, even if you tend to strike the keys with less force.
4 = C4 is a sensitivity setting that generates an equal velocity value for a given amount of force, resulting in
a linear (or neutral) keyboard response.
5 = F1 is a setting that effectively disables sensitivity, meaning the keyboard will generate a fixed velocity
value of 64 (on a scale of 0 – 127) regardless of how hard or soft the keys are struck. This replicates velocity
settings used in Organ presets.
6 = F2 is a setting that effectively disables sensitivity, meaning the keyboard will generate a fixed velocity
value of 100 (on a scale of 0 – 127) regardless of how hard or soft the keys are struck. This also replicates velocity settings used in Organ presets.
7 = F3 is a setting that effectively disables sensitivity, meaning the keyboard will generate a fixed velocity
value of 127 (on a scale of 0 – 127) regardless of how hard or soft the keys are struck. This also replicates velocity settings used in Organ presets.
To select a Keyboard Velocity Curve:
1
Press the Edit button.
2
Press the Curve key. The LCD screen will read “V Crv” and display the current velocity curve (for example,
“C2”).
3
Do one of the following:
• Type the Velocity Curve number (1 through 7) using the number keys.
– or –
• Use the Patch “Up” and “Down” buttons to scroll through the Velocity Curves (C1 through F3).
4
Press the Enter key.
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Chapter 4: Advanced Keyboard Functions
Trigger Pad Sensitivity Options:
1 = C1 is a sensitivity setting that generates lower velocity values for the same force. This setting is useful for
playing more quietly, even if you tend to strike the Pads harder.
2 = C2 is the default setting, and is designed to be useful for most players with an “average” touch (people
who play with an average amount of force).
3 = C3 is a sensitivity setting that generates higher velocity values for the same force. This setting is useful
for playing more loudly, even if you tend to strike the Pads with less force.
4 = C4 is a sensitivity setting that generates an equal velocity value for a given amount of force, resulting in
a linear (or neutral) Trigger Pad response.
5 = F1 is a setting that effectively disables sensitivity, meaning the Pads will generate a fixed velocity value
of 64 (on a scale of 0 – 127) regardless of how hard or soft they are struck.
6 = F2 is a setting that effectively disables sensitivity, meaning the Pads will generate a fixed velocity value
of 100 (on a scale of 0 – 127) regardless of how hard or soft they are struck.
7 = F3 is a setting that effectively disables sensitivity, meaning the Pads will generate a fixed velocity value
of 127 (on a scale of 0 – 127) regardless of how hard or soft they are struck.
8 = S2 is a setting where the Pads will generate a fixed velocity value of either 64 or 127 (on a scale of 0 –
127) depending on how hard or soft they are struck.
9 = S3 is a setting where the Pads will generate a fixed velocity value of either 64, 100 or 127 (on a scale of
0 – 127) depending on how hard or soft they are struck.
10 = S4 is a setting where the Pads will generate a fixed velocity value of either 32, 64, 100 or 127 (on a scale
of 0 – 127) depending on how hard or soft they are struck.
To select a Trigger Pad Velocity Curve:
1
Press the Edit button.
2
Press the Curve key twice. The LCD screen will read “PdCrv” and display the current velocity curve (for example, “C2”).
3
Do one of the following:
• Type the Velocity Curve number (1 through 10) using the number keys.
– or –
• Use the Patch “Up” and “Down” buttons to scroll through the Velocity Curves (C1 through F3).
4
Press the Enter key.
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Chapter 4: Advanced Keyboard Functions
Encoder Knob Acceleration Options:
0 = Off is an acceleration setting where the knob will only send a value change of one step regardless of how
quickly or slowly it is turned.
1 = C1 is a slower acceleration curve, useful for making finer adjustments.
2 = C2 is the standard acceleration curve (selected by default).
3 = C3 is a quicker acceleration curve, useful when large parameter sweeps are required.
To select an Encoder Knob Acceleration setting:
1
Press the Edit button.
2
Press the Curve key three times. The LCD screen will read “EnCrv” and display the current velocity curve
(for example, “C3”).
3
Do one of the following:
• Type the Velocity Curve number (0 through 3) using the number keys.
– or –
• Use the Patch “Up” and “Down” buttons to scroll through the Velocity Curves (OFF through C3).
4
Press the Enter key.
Drawbar (Axiom 49 & 61)
This parameter switches all 9 Axiom Faders to Drawbar Mode. This reverses the operation of the fader, so that
the maximum value is at the bottom and the minimum value is at the top. This function takes immediate effect as soon as the key is pressed, and Edit mode will automatically exit.
This feature is intended for use with Organ Instruments that utilize drawbars, and takes.
To configure an Axiom Fader for Drawbar Mode:
1
Press the Edit button.
2
Press the Drawbar key. The LCD screen will momentarily read “drbAr ON.”
Drawbar mode becomes active immediately, and Edit mode exits automatically.
To disable Drawbar mode, repeat steps 1 and 2. The LCD screen will momentarily read “drbAr OFF.”
Number Keys
This section of the keyboard is used to type in numerical parameter values while in Edit mode.
Enter Key
The Enter key confirms changes made and exits Edit mode.
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Chapter 4: Advanced Keyboard Functions
Chapter 5: Advanced Programming Functions
The MIDI CC (continuous controller) numbers from 0 to 127 are part of the General MIDI specification, and
are typically used for real-time control of parameters in MIDI-compatible music equipment. For example, an
Axiom knob can be assigned to MIDI CC number 10, which controls the Pan setting of a connected synthesizer or DAW software track. Many of the Axiom controls are fully programmable, and can be assigned to any
standard MIDI CC. However, to simplify assignment of more complex MIDI message types such as SysEx or
RPN/NRPN, M-Audio has appended additional MIDI message types to the end of the standard MIDI CC list.
These additional messages can be assigned to Axiom controls, using numbers in the range from 128 to 255.
This section provides examples of typical control assignment procedures for knobs, faders, buttons, and the
Sustain Pedal jacks. Assigning MIDI messages that are not explicitly mentioned in this section is done by using
the same basic principle shown in the examples.
Axiom never transmits values outside the range specified by the MIDI protocol (0 – 127). The controller numbers from 128 – 255 are only used internally by Axiom. This simplifies configuration of knobs, buttons, and
faders when assigning advanced MIDI messages, and allows additional configuration options for the controls
(such as setting the trigger or toggle operation of a button).
Appendix A, “Standard MIDI Control Numbers (MIDI CC’s),” lists the standard MIDI CC numbers from
0 to 127 and their corresponding General MIDI parameters. Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s,” lists the
additional, M-Audio specific MIDI assignment options (128 – 255) grouped by control type, as well as their
corresponding data type and purpose.
Setting Toggle Values (Min/Max) for Buttons or Sustain Pedals
When standard MIDI CC numbers are assigned to buttons or a Sustain Pedal, they will toggle between two
values. This means that one value is sent the first time it is pressed, and another value is sent the next time it
is pressed.
By default, the buttons on Axiom are already configured to operate as toggle switches. When configuring a
button or a Sustain Pedal to operate in toggle mode, the following three values need to be specified:
Key
Parameter
Value
Control Assign (example)
MIDI CC number
10 (Pan)
Data 2 (example)
Second press
0 (minimum)
Data 3 (example)
First press
127 (maximum)
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The following example will configure a button to “hard pan” the sound to the left speaker when it is pressed
the first time, and “hard pan” to the right speaker when it is pressed a second time.
To set Toggle Values (min/max) for buttons or Sustain Pedals:
1
Select a button as described earlier.
2
Press the Edit button.
3 Press the Control Assign key. The LCD screen will read “ASIGN,” and display the currently selected control
(for example “F10”) and the current MIDI CC assignment (for example “146”).
Type 10 using the number keys. This assigns MIDI CC number 10 (Pan) to the button. See Appendix A,
“Standard MIDI Control Numbers (MIDI CC’s).”
4
5
Press the Enter key.
6
Press the Edit button.
7
Press the Data 2 key. The LCD screen will read “MIN” and display the currently selected control (for example
“F10”), and the current value (for example “64”).
8
Type 0 using the number keys to assign the “second button press” (minimum) value.
9
Press the Enter key.
10
Press the Edit button.
Press the Data 3 key. The LCD screen will read “MAX” and display the currently selected control (for example “F10”), and the current value (for example “87”).
11
12
Type 127 using the number keys to assign the “first button press” (maximum) value.
13
Press the Enter key.
If you want the button to send the same value every time it is pressed, enter the same value for both the Data2
and Data 3 parameters.
It can be useful to transmit two other specific values instead of sending minimum (zero) and maximum
(127) values as in the above example. When assigning a button to control Pan (MIDI CC 10), you can,
for example, configure Data 2 to send value 38, and Data 3 to send value 93, effectively causing pan to
switch between the approximate “ten o’clock” and “two o’clock” positions when pressing the button repeatedly.
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Setting Trigger Values for Buttons or Sustain Pedals
It is possible to set a Trigger Value for a button or the Sustain Pedal, causing it to send one value when pressed
and held down, and another value when released.
The Sustain Pedal is already configured to send trigger values by default, ensuring it activates the Sustain effect
when pressed and deactivates it when the Pedal is released. Buttons can also be configured to operate this way,
which requires four values to be specified. In the example of the Sustain Pedal, these four values are:
Key
Parameter
Value
Control Assign
Trigger On/Off operation
146
Data 1 (example)
MIDI CC number
64 (Sustain)
Data 2 (example)
Button/Pedal Released
0 (minimum)
Data 3 (example)
Button/Pedal Pressed
127 (maximum)
When working with proprietary M-Audio parameters from the 128 – 255 range, the “Control Assign” setting
is used to configure a control for this special mode of operation. This means that certain values that are usually
specified through the “Control Assign” setting must instead be specified via the “Data 1" parameter such as
the standard MIDI CC parameter in the example below.
The following example will configure a button to “hard pan” the sound to the right speaker when it is held
down, and “hard pan” to the left speaker when it is released. This involves configuring the button to operate
as a trigger, while controlling the Pan parameter (MIDI CC 10).
To set Trigger Values for buttons or Sustain Pedals:
1
Select a button as described earlier.
2
Press the Edit button.
Press the Control Assign key. The LCD screen will read “ASIGN” and display the currently selected control
(for example “F10”), and the current MIDI CC assignment (for example “87”).
3
4
Type 146 using the number keys. This configures the button to operate as a trigger (press/release). See
Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s.”
5
Press the Enter key.
6
Press the Edit button.
Press the Data 1 key. The LCD screen will display the currently assigned function (for example “NOTE”), the
selected control (for example “F10”), and the current value.
7
8
Type 10 using the number keys. This specifies which parameter the button will trigger and release. In this
example, MIDI CC 10 (Pan). See Appendix A, “Standard MIDI Control Numbers (MIDI CC’s).”
9
Press the Enter key.
10
Press the Edit button.
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Press the Data 2 key. The LCD screen will read “MIN” and display the currently selected control (for example “F10”), and the current value (for example “64”).
11
Type 0 using the number keys. This sets the “release” value to zero, and the sound will be panned “hard
left” when the button is released.
12
13
Press the Enter key.
14
Press the Edit button.
Press the Data 3 key. The LCD screen will read “MAX” and display the currently selected control (for example “F10”), and the current value (for example “87”).
15
Type 127 using the number keys. This sets the “press” value to the maximum value, so that the sound is
panned hard right when the button is pressed.
16
17
Press the Enter key.
It can be useful to transmit two other specific values instead of sending minimum (zero) and maximum
(127) values as in the above example. When assigning a button to control Pan (MIDI CC 10), you can,
for example, configure Data 2 to send value 38, and Data 3 to send value 93, effectively causing pan to
switch between the approximate “ten o’clock” and “two o’clock” positions when pressing and releasing
the button.
Assigning MMC Control to Buttons
The transport functions of some hardware recording devices and DAW applications can be controlled remotely via MMC (MIDI Machine Control) commands. MMC is a specialized transport control protocol that
requires a somewhat different configuration method.
The following values need to be specified:
Key
Parameter
Value
Control Assign
MMC Control
149
Channel Assign (example)
Device ID
127
Data 2 (example)
MMC Function
2 (Play)
To configure a button to send the MMC command “Play”:
1
Select an assignable button as described earlier.
2
Press the Edit button.
Press the Control Assign key. The LCD screen will read “ASIGN” and display the currently selected control
(for example “F10”), and the current MIDI CC assignment (for example “146”).
3
4
Type 149 using the number keys. This sets the button to send MMC (MIDI Machine Control).
5
Press the Enter key.
6
Press the Edit button.
Press the Channel Assign key. The LCD screen will read “CHAN” and display the currently selected control
(for example “F10”), and the current MIDI channel is it assigned to (for example “0”).
7
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Enter 127 (Poly On) using the number keys. This ensures that all receiving devices will respond to the MMC
messages.
8
9
10
Press the Enter key.
Press the Edit button.
11 Press the Data 2 key. The LCD screen will display the current function for the Data 2 (in this case, “MMC”)
and the number of the current MMC command. Refer to the table below.
Enter a number from the table below to select the MMC command for the button. This determines which
transport function will be controlled by the button. For example, enter “2” for the Play command.
12
13
Press the Enter key.
Axiom User Guide
Number
MMC Command
01
STOP
02
PLAY
03
DEFERRED PLAY
04
FAST FORWARD
05
REWIND
06
RECORD STROBE
07
RECORD EXIT
08
RECORD PAUSE
09
PAUSE
09
EJECT
10
CHASE
11
COMMAND ERROR RESET
12
MMC RESET
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Assigning a Note to a Trigger Pad
It is possible to configure a pad to send a Note On message when it is struck or held down, and a Note Off message when it is released.
This requires four values to be specified (values given are examples):
Key
Parameter
Value
Control Assign
Trigger Note On/Off
147
Data 1 (example)
Note pitch
64 (Note E4) See Appendix C,
“Useful MIDI Data.”
Data 2 (example)
Note off velocity
0
Data 3 (example)
Note on velocity
100
Velocity Lock (Vel Lock) must be active for pads to transmit the note velocities specified by Data 2 and
data 3. When Velocity Lock is off, the pads will transmit a velocity according to how hard the pad is
struck. For further information, please refer to Velocity Lock under “Additional Functions” on page 12.
The following example configures a pad to play MIDI note E4 while it is being held down and stop the note
when released. For a table of MIDI note numbers, see Appendix C, “Useful MIDI Data.”
To configure a pad to play a MIDI note:
1
Select a pad. See “Control Select (Ctrl Select)” on page 19.
2
Press the Edit button.
Press the Control Assign key. The LCD screen will read “ASIGN” and display the currently selected control
(for example “P1”), and the current MIDI CC assignment (for example “149”).
3
4 Enter 147 using the number keys. This sets the pad to trigger MIDI Notes. See Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI
CC’s.”
5
Press the Enter key.
6
Press the Edit button.
Press the Data 1 key (Pitch/Note parameter). The LCD screen will display the currently assigned function
(“NOTE”), the selected control (for example “P1”), and the current value.
7
8 Enter “64” using the number keys. This sets the pad to play MIDI note 64 (E4). See Appendix C, “Useful
MIDI Data.”
9
10
Press the Enter key.
Press the Edit button.
Press the Data 2 key (Velocity Off). The LCD screen will read “MIN” and display the currently selected control (for example as “P1”), and the current value (for example “1”).
11
12 Enter 0 using the number keys. This sets the pad to transmit a Note Off message with a release velocity
value of zero.
13
Press the Enter key.
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14
Press the Edit button.
15 Press the Data 3 key (Velocity On). The LCD screen will read “MAX” and display the currently selected control (for example “P1”), and the current value (for example “127”).
Enter 100 using the number keys. This sets the pad to transmit a Note On message with a velocity of 100
when struck.
16
17
Press the Enter key.
It is also possible to configure a pad or button to send a note on message when it is pressed and a note off message when it is pressed a second time. To do this, follow the configuration steps above, but enter 148 for the
“Control Assign” parameter (see Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s”).
In most Axiom factory presets, the pads are already programmed to transmit MIDI note data. In order to
change the pitch of notes sent, you need only follow steps 6 to 9.
Setting Buttons or Sustain Pedals to Send Combined Program Change,
Bank LSB and Bank MSB messages
The assignable buttons and the Sustain Pedals can be configured to send a multi-part message, consisting of
a Program Change, Bank LSB and Bank MSB message when pressed. This is useful for specific patch/sound selection from a specific bank of a connected synthesizer or virtual instrument.
This requires four values to be specified (values given are examples):
Key
Parameter
Value
Control Assign
Program/Bank Preset select
145
Data 1 (example)
Program Change Number
42 (GM Instrument Cello) See
Appendix C, “Useful MIDI Data.”
Data 2 (example)
Bank LSB number
8
Data 3 (example)
Bank MSB number
32
The following example configures a button or Sustain Pedal to send a total of 3 MIDI messages each time it is
pressed (Bank LSB, Bank MSB and Program Change), allowing you to recall any sound in any bank of a connected software or hardware synthesizer that supports this.
To configure buttons or Sustain Pedals to send combined Program Change, Bank LSB and Bank MSB Messages:
1
Select a button or Sustain Pedal as described earlier.
2
Press the Edit button.
Press the Control Assign key. The LCD screen will read “ASIGN” and display the currently selected control
(for example “F10”), and the current MIDI CC assignment (for example “146”).
3
Enter 145 using the number keys. This configures the button or Sustain Pedal to send a combined Bank Select/Program Change message.
4
5
Press the Enter key.
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6
Press the Edit button.
Press the Data 1 key. The LCD screen will display the currently assigned function (for example “NOTE”), the
selected control (for example “F10”), and the current value.
7
Enter a Program Change number, such as 42. See General MIDI Instruments in Appendix C, “Useful MIDI
Data.”
8
9
10
Press the Enter key.
Press the Edit button.
Press the Data 2 key. The LCD screen will display the current function assigned to the Data 2 key (in this
case, “LSb”) and the current value.
11
12
Enter a Bank LSB number, such as 8.
13
Press the Enter key.
14
Press the Edit button.
Press the Data 3 key. The LCD screen will display the currently selected control (for example “F10”) and the
current value.
15
16
Enter a Bank MSB number, such as 32.
17
Press the Enter key.
For an in-depth explanation of how Bank LSB / Bank MSB and Program Change messages work together to
access programs on a connected MIDI device, see Chapter 7, “MIDI Messages Defined.”
Programming a Button to Increment/Decrement a MIDI CC value
It is possible to configure a button to increase or decrease a value each time it is pressed. This is useful if you
want to step through values one by one each time a button is pressed.
To configure a button to increment a MIDI CC between a minimum and maximum value, assign it to number
154 (see Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s”). The maximum and minimum values are set using the Data 2
and Data 3 parameters respectively.
This requires four values to be specified (values given are examples):
Key
Parameter
Value
Control Assign
Increment MIDI CC
154
Data 1 (example)
MIDI CC number
72 (Release Time)
Data 2 (example)
Low Limit
0
Data 3 (example)
High Limit
127
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The following example configures a button to increment the release time of a sound patch on a MIDI instrument, every time it is pressed. You may have to push the button several times while playing notes to hear the
difference.
To configure a button to increment/decrement a MIDI CC value:
1
Select a button as described earlier.
2
Press the Edit button.
Press the Control Assign key. The LCD screen will read “ASIGN” and display the currently selected control
(for example “F10”), and the current MIDI CC assignment (for example “146”).
3
4
Enter 154 using the number keys. This sets the button to increment the MIDI CC value
5
Press the Enter key.
6
Press the Edit button.
Press the Data 1 key. The LCD screen will display the currently assigned function (for example “NOTE”), the
selected control (for example “F10”), and the current value.
7
Enter “72” using the number keys. This specifies the MIDI CC for the parameter or function that will be affected.
8
9
10
Press the Enter key.
Press the Edit button.
11 Press the Data 2 key. The LCD screen will read “MIN” and display the currently selected control (for example “F10”), and the current value (for example “64”).
12
Enter 0 using the number keys. This specifies the minimum value.
13
Press the Enter key.
14
Press the Edit button.
15
Press the Data 3 key.
16
Enter 127 using the number keys. This specifies the maximum value.
17
Press the Enter key.
To configure a button to decrement (decrease) a MIDI CC value, assign it to number 153 (see Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s”). The minimum and maximum value (range) for each button is set using the Data 2 and
Data 3 parameters respectively.
Each button will only increment or decrement its own parameter value, and this value is independent of any
other button. In other words, assigning one button to increment a parameter and another to decrement the
same parameter will cause the first button to send values such as 1, 2, 3, etc. Pressing the second button will
send values such as 127, 126, 125, etc, and will not decrement from where the first button left off (for example
2, 1, 0).
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Programming a Button to Increment/Decrement a Program Change
It is possible to configure a button to send an Increment (increase) or Decrement (decrease) Program Change
message each time it is pressed.
To configure a button to increment a Program Change between a minimum and maximum value, assign it to
number 156 (see Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s”). The minimum and maximum values are set using the
Data 2 and Data 3 parameters respectively.
This requires three values to be specified (values given are examples):
Key
Parameter
Value
Control Assign
Program Increment
156
Data 2 (example)
Program Number (minimum)
0
Data 3 (example)
Program Number (maximum)
127
To configure a button to increment/decrement a Program Change:
1
Select a button as described earlier.
2
Press the Edit button.
Press the Control Assign key. The LCD screen will read “ASIGN” and display the currently selected control
(for example “F10”), and the current MIDI CC assignment (for example “154”).
3
4
Enter 156 using the number keys. This configures the button to increment the Program number
5
Press the Enter key.
6
Press the Edit button.
Press the Data 2 key. The LCD screen will read “MIN” and display the currently selected control (for example
“F10”), and the current value (for example “64”).
7
8
Enter 0 using the number keys. This specifies the lowest Program number.
9
Press the Enter key.
10
Press the Edit button.
Press the Data 3 key. The LCD screen will read “MAX” and display the currently selected control (for example “F10”), and the current value (for example “87”).
11
12
Enter 127 using the number keys. This specifies the highest Program number.
13
Press the Enter key.
To configure a button to decrement a Program Change between a maximum and minimum value, assign it to
number 155 (see Appendix B). The minimum and maximum values are set using the Data 2 and Data 3 parameters respectively.
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When one button is configured to increment through sound patches (such as, 1, 2, 3, etc.), and another to
decrement through them (such as, 127, 126, 125, etc.), the second button will not decrement from where the
first button left off (for example, 2, 1, 0).
Reversing the Operation of Knobs or Faders
Most MIDI parameters that are assignable to knobs or faders can be configured to reverse the controls operation. Once a control is assigned to a MIDI parameter, by default the Data 2 parameter defines a minimum
value (such as, zero) while the Data 3 parameter defines a maximum value to be transmitted (such as 127). Reversing the operation of knobs or faders is achieved by entering a higher value for the Data 2 parameter (usually minimum) and a lower value for the Data 3 parameter (usually maximum).
This is useful when a single fader needs to be configured to work as a drawbar, or if a knob needs to be configured in reverse when controlling a particular parameter. In the case of a fader, this is an alternative to using
the Drawbar function detailed in Chapter 4, “Advanced Keyboard Functions,” because it allows the configuration of different minimum and maximum values.
This requires two values to be specified (values given are examples):
Key
Parameter
Value
Data 2 (example)
Minimum Value
127
Data 3 (example)
Maximum Value
0
To configure a knob or fader to reverse Its operation:
1
Select a knob or fader as described earlier.
2
Press the Edit button.
3
Press the Data 2 key. The LCD screen will read “MIN” and display the currently selected control (for example
“F1”), and the current value (for example “0”).
4
Enter 127 using the number keys. This configures the control to reach its maximum value when it is all the
way down.
5
Press the Enter key.
6
Press the Edit button.
Press the Data 3 key. The LCD screen will read “MAX” and display the currently selected control (for example “F1”), and the current value (for example “127”).
7
8
Enter 0 using the number keys. This configures the control to reach its minimum value when it is all the way
up.
9
Press the Enter Key.
The knob or fader now operates in reverse. What was originally the maximum position is now the minimum
position, and vice versa.
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Limiting the Range of a Knob or Fader
The effective range of values transmitted by knobs and faders can be limited by entering values other than 0
and 127(the default minimum and maximum values) for the Data 2 and Data 3 parameters.
For example, with the Data 2 parameter set to 38 and Data 3 set to 93, if a knob is set fully counter-clockwise,
the minimum value transmitted is 38. If the knob is turned fully clockwise, the maximum value transmitted
is 93. This can be useful in a variety of scenarios, like keeping a knob within the “sweet spot” of a synthesizer
parameter (such as, filter cutoff), or to quickly recall a specific minimum or maximum volume setting for a
track.
Key
Parameter
Value
Control Assign (example)
MIDI CC number
07 (Volume)
Data 2 (example)
Minimum Value
38
Data 3 (example)
Maximum Value
93
The operation of knobs and faders can also be reversed, even if the range of operation is limited. This is
achieved by entering a higher value for the Data 2 parameter and a lower value for the Data 3 parameter.
To configure a knob or fader to operate within a limited range:
1
Select a knob or fader as described earlier.
2
Press the Edit button.
3
Press the Control Assign key. The LCD screen will read “ASIGN” and display the currently selected control
(for example “F1”), and the current MIDI CC assignment (for example “10”).
4
Type 7 using the number keys. This assigns MIDI CC number 7 (Volume) to the control. See Appendix A.
5
Press the Enter key.
6
Press the Edit button.
7
Press the Data 2 key. The LCD screen will read “MIN” and display the currently selected control (for example
“F1”), and the current value (for example “0”).
8
Type 38 using the number keys.
9
Press the Enter key.
10
Press the Edit button.
Press the Data 3 key. The LCD screen will read “MAX” and display the currently selected control (for example “F1”), and the current value (for example “127”).
11
12
Type 93 using the number keys.
13
Press the Enter key.
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Assigning RPN/NRPN Messages to a Knob, Fader, Button, or Pedal
Axiom transmits all three necessary MIDI CC messages for RPNs and NRPNs when a knob or fader is moved,
or the Sustain Pedal or a button is pressed.
The “Control Assign” setting allows assignment for control of the RPN Coarse (132) and RPN Fine (133), as
well as NRPN Coarse (134) and NRPN Fine (135) parameters (see Chapter 7, “MIDI Messages Defined” and Appendixes A & B for more information).
The Data 1 setting lets you specify which MIDI CC number is sent to alter values (usually: Coarse = CC 6; Fine
= CC 38). The Data 2 setting defines what value is sent for LSB (RPN: CC 100, NRPN: CC 98) while the Data
3 setting defines which value is sent for MSB (RPN: CC 101, NRPN: CC 99). Together, the LSB and MSB values
specify the RPN/NRPN parameter to be edited.
Assigning a knob to control an RPN/NRPN on a connected hardware or software device requires four values
to be specified as shown in the following table:
Key
Parameter
Value
Control Assign
NRPN Coarse
134
Data 1 (example)
CC for Value Change
6
Data 2 (example)
CC 98 / LSB
51
Data 3 (example)
CC 99 / MSB
3
To assign a manufacturer specific NRPN Coarse message to an Axiom control:
1
Select a control as described earlier, such as Encoder Knob E1.
2
Press the Edit button.
Press the Control Assign key. The LCD screen will read “ASIGN” and display the currently selected control
(for example “E1”), and the current MIDI CC assignment (for example “146”).
3
4
Enter 134 (NRPN Coarse) using the number keys (see Appendix B).
5
Press the Enter key.
6
Press the Edit button.
7 Press the Data 1 key (for buttons, pads, and pedals only). The LCD screen will read “CC,” the selected control
(for example “E1”), and the current value.
8
Enter 6 using the number keys (or the MIDI CC number for value changes as required by your device).
9
Press the Enter key.
10
Press the Edit button.
Press the Data 2 key. The LCD screen will read “LSb” and display the currently selected control (for example
“E1”), and the current value (for example “64”).
11
12
Enter the value to be transmitted via MIDI CC 98 (LSB) using the number keys.
13
Press the Enter key.
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14
Press the Edit button.
15 Press the Data 3 key. The LCD screen will read “MSb” and display the currently selected control (for example “E1”), and the current value (for example “87”).
16
Enter the value to be transmitted via MIDI CC 99 (MSB) using the number keys.
17
Press the Enter key.
For an in-depth explanation of RPN/NRPN MIDI messages and their usage, refer to Chapter 7, “MIDI Messages
Defined.”
Axiom factory preset 16 is already configured with NRPN controls for Yamaha XG and Roland GS
synthesizers.
SysEx Messages and Device ID
When transmitting SysEx messages, the individual control channel number does not define a transmit channel, but a Device ID. This being the case, when the Channel Assign key is pressed, the LCD screen will display
the Device ID.
Device IDs range between 0 – 127. In most cases, the Device ID should be set to 127 so that all devices will receive the SysEx message.
The Device ID for a SysEx message assigned to a control cannot be changed using the Device ID key. This key
is used for changing the global Device ID of Axiom.
For more information, refer to the SysEx section in Chapter 7, “MIDI Messages Defined.”
Non-Volatile Memory
Axiom features non-volatile memory, which automatically saves the current state of operation when the device is powering down. The current control and channel assignments are stored even if the Save function has
not been used.
The Program, Bank LSB and Bank MSB data, Global Channel settings, MIDI Out from USB, Velocity Lock, and
the last Axiom preset used are also stored and recalled the next time Axiom is powered up.
Restoring the Factory Settings
Factory default settings can be restored by holding down the Patch “Up” and “Down” buttons during
power-up. At this point all previously saved data will be erased.
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Chapter 6: Keyboard Zones
The Zone feature allows you to layer or split sounds on a hardware or virtual instrument, by dividing the keyboard into a maximum of four programmable non-overlapping or overlapping sections. When active, each
Zone will transmit MIDI notes on a separate MIDI channel. This makes it possible to play up to 4 different instrument sounds on a connected multi-timbral synthesizer, by playing notes in different sections (Zones) of
the keyboard. If any of the Zones are configured to overlap partially or completely, multiple instrument
sounds will be layered, and played simultaneously in those areas of the keyboard.
Zone Selection & Activation
Pressing the Zone button (Zone) changes the function of the Shift, Track Select and Mute buttons to Zone
buttons one through four as indicated on each button. The Zone button will illuminate to indicate that
Axiom is in “Zone Mode.” At this point pressing any of the four Zone buttons will activate the corresponding
keyboard Zone, and all other Zones will be deactivated. To activate multiple Zones, simultaneously press their
respective Zone buttons. In either case, each button will illuminate indicating that its corresponding Zone is
active.
Editing Zones
Holding down the Zone button (Zone) for at least one second will put Axiom into Zone Edit Mode. The Zone
button and buttons for all active Zones will flash.
Parameters such as Zone Range and Octave/Transpose shift can be edited for each Zone. The information on
the LCD screen will also display values for lowest Zone number. These settings are saved as part of a user patch
when stored to a Memory Location.
When more than one Zone is active, all changes will be applied to all selected Zone numbers.
Zone Range
This function sets the range of notes used by a Zone. By default, all Zones span the entire length of the keyboard. On Axiom 61 this default Range is from note C1 on the far left to C6 on the far right. However it is from
C1 to C5 on Axiom 49, and C2 to C4 on Axiom 25.
If two or more active Zones are configured to overlap partially or completely, multiple instrument sounds will
play simultaneously (layered) if a key is pressed in that area.
To set the Zone range:
1
Select a Zone as described earlier.
Hold down the Zone button (Zone) for at least one second. The LCD screen will display the current range
of notes used in the Zone.
2
3
Press the lowest note to be included in the Zone. The LCD screen will display the note value.
Axiom User Guide
40
Chapter 6: Keyboard Zones
4
Press the highest note to be included in the Zone. The LCD screen will display the note value.
5
Repeat steps 1 – 5 to set the range of notes for all remaining Zones.
Simultaneously holding down multiple Zone buttons and then setting the range as described above, will apply the same Zone Range to all active Zones. This will layer all sound patches that are played. After setting the
Range, activate all desired Zones by simultaneously pressing their respective Zone buttons.
Zone Octave
The Zone Octave parameter lowers or raises the pitch of a Zone, in one octave increments, to a maximum of
10 Octaves.
Zone Octave shift settings work in combination with the Global Octave shift setting (see Section 7, Octave /
Transpose buttons). This can be useful when working with different Octave or Transpose shift settings across
multiple Zones. The Global Octave function shifts the entire keyboard up or down, while preserving relative
pitch settings between Zones. For example, if a Zone is configured for an Octave shift of +1, and a Global Octave shift setting of +2 is applied, the effective Octave shift for that Zone is +3.
To set the Zone octave value:
1
Select a Zone as described earlier.
Hold down the Zone button (Zone) for at least one second. The LCD screen will display the current range
of notes used in the Zone.
2
Repeatedly press the Octave “–” or “+” button to lower or raise the Octave shift value. The LCD screen will
display the current value. Axiom will return to Performance one second after the “last button press.”
3
4
Repeat steps 1 – 3 to set the Octave shift for the remaining Zones.
After setting the Octave shift value and exiting Edit mode, activate all desired Zones by simultaneously pressing their respective Zone buttons.
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Chapter 6: Keyboard Zones
Zone Transpose
The Zone Transpose parameter lowers or raises the pitch of a Zone in one semi-tone (half-step) increments, to
a maximum of 12 semi-tones.
Zone Transpose shift settings work in combination with the Global Transpose shift setting (see Section 7, Octave/Transpose buttons). This can be useful when working with different Transpose or Octave shift settings
across multiple Zones. The Global Transpose function shifts the entire keyboard up or down, while preserving
relative pitch settings between Zones. For example, if a Zone is configured for a Transpose shift of +5, and a
Global Transpose shift setting of +2 is applied, the effective Transpose shift for that Zone is +7.
To set the Zone Transposition value:
1
Select a Zone as described earlier.
Hold down the Zone button (Zone) for at least one second. The LCD screen will display the current range
of notes used in the Zone.
2
3
Simultaneously press the Octave “–” and “+” buttons. The LCD screen will display the current value.
Repeatedly press the Octave “–” or “+” button to lower or raise the pitch. Axiom will return to Performance
one second after the last button press.
4
5
Repeat steps 1 – 4 to set the Transpose value for the remaining Zones.
After setting the Transpose value and exiting Edit mode, activate all desired Zones by simultaneously pressing
their respective Zone buttons.
Zone Channel
The Zone Channel parameter specifies which MIDI Channel a Zone will use when transmitting MIDI data. Assigning each Zone to its own channel will allow you to play up to 4 different sound patches on a connected
synthesizer. This setting is saved as part of a user patch when stored to a Memory Location.
To set the Zone Channel:
1
Select a Zone as described earlier.
2
Press the Edit button.
Press the Zone Channel key (Zone Chan). The LCD screen will display the current function (“CHAN”), the
active Zone number, and Zone MIDI Channel number.
3
4 Enter the new MIDI Channel number using the number keys, or by repeatedly pressing the Patch “Up” or
“Down” buttons.
5
Press the Enter key.
6
Repeat steps 1 – 5 to assign set the MIDI channel for the remaining Zones.
After setting the Zone channel and exiting Edit mode, activate all desired Zones by simultaneously pressing
their respective Zone buttons.
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Chapter 6: Keyboard Zones
Default Zone Channels
Zone
MIDI Channel
1
0 (Global Channel)
2
2
3
3
4
4
Zone Program
Program change messages are sent on active Zone channels, defining the instrument sound for each Zone.
This information is included in a stored Axiom preset, ensuring that the correct sound is accessed for each active Zone whenever the preset is recalled.
To set the Zone Program Change number:
1
Select a Zone as described earlier.
2
Press the Program button (Prog). The LCD screen will display the current value and the active Zone number.
Enter the new program number using the number keys, or by repeatedly pressing the Patch “Up” or “Down”
buttons.
3
4
Press the Enter key. A program change message will be transmitted immediately.
5
Repeat steps 1 – 4 to assign new program numbers for the remaining Zones.
After configuring the program numbers and exiting Edit mode, activate all desired Zones by simultaneously
pressing their respective Zone buttons.
Zone LSB
Bank LSB messages are sent on active Zone channels, defining the instrument sound for each Zone. This information is included in a stored Axiom preset, ensuring that the correct sound is accessed for each active
Zone whenever the preset is recalled.
To set the Zone LSB value:
1
Select a Zone as described earlier.
2
Press the Edit button.
3
Press the Bank LSB key. The LCD screen will display the current Bank LSB value and active Zone number.
4
Enter the new Bank LSB value using the number keys.
5
Press the Enter key. The assigned Bank LSB value will be transmitted immediately.
6
Repeat steps 1 – 5 to assign new Bank LSB value for the remaining Zones.
After setting the Bank LSB values and exiting Edit mode, activate all desired Zones by simultaneously pressing
their respective Zone buttons.
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Chapter 6: Keyboard Zones
Zone MSB
Bank MSB messages are sent on active Zone channels, defining the instrument sound for each Zone. This information is included in a stored Axiom preset, ensuring that the correct sound is accessed for each active
Zone whenever the preset is recalled.
To set the Zone MSB value:
1
Select a Zone as described earlier.
2
Press the Edit button.
3
Press the Bank MSB key. The LCD screen will display the current Bank MSB value and active Zone number.
4
Enter the new Bank MSB value using the number keys.
5
Press the Enter key. The assigned Bank MSB value will be transmitted immediately.
6
Repeat steps 1 – 5 to assign new Bank MSB value for the remaining Zones.
After setting the Bank MSB values and exiting Edit mode, activate all desired Zones by simultaneously pressing
their respective Zone buttons.
When a patch is stored, the Bank LSB, Bank MSB, and Program values for each active Zone are saved.
When the patch is recalled, this data is sent out on the active Zone channels to set up the correct instrument sound for each Zone.
If this is undesirable, please ensure the Zone button (“Zone Button” on page 14) is de-activated when recalling the patch.
Axiom User Guide
44
Chapter 6: Keyboard Zones
Chapter 7: MIDI Messages Defined
Program and Bank Changes Messages Explained
When the MIDI standard was first established, it enabled the user to access only 128 different sounds using
program change messages (0 – 127). As MIDI devices became more sophisticated and contained more sounds,
bank change messages were included in an updated MIDI specification allowing access to more than 128
sounds. The language MIDI uses to communicate between musical instruments only allows program change
commands 0 – 127, for a total of 128 possible programs (127 programs + program “0” = 128 programs total).
Due to inherent limitations of the MIDI communication protocol, the number of directly accessible programs
(using program change messages) cannot easily be expanded beyond 128. Thus, a system of banks, with 128
sounds in each, has been created that enables manufacturers to overcome the 128-sound MIDI limit.
Bank MSB
128 banks with 128 sounds in each bank is the basic
principle used to expand the number of accessible
sounds. However, to avoid reaching the new limit of
the resulting 16,384 possible sounds (128 banks x 128
programs) accessible using a bank change combined
with a program change, another layer of banks was
added. The result is a system of 128 banks that can
contain 128 sub-banks in each of them, which, in turn,
can contain 128 sounds (programs).
Bank LSB
Program
Program 0
Program 1
Program 2
Bank MSB 0
Bank LSB 0
Program 127
Bank LSB 1
Program 0
Program 1
Program 2
Bank LSB 2
Program 127
Bank LSB 127
Program 0
Program 1
Program 2
Program 127
Bank change messages are useful when calling up
sounds from a large library that may exist in a
particular sound module or software synthesizer. For
example, devices that are built according to Roland’s
GS specification or Yamaha’s XG specification require
you to specify a bank change in order to access the
extra voices that these devices provide. MIDI CC 0 is
the bank select MSB (Most Significant Byte) message.
This MIDI message is 7-bit in size and can be used to
select any of 128 banks.
Program 0
Program 1
Program 2
Bank MSB 1
Bank LSB 0
Program 127
Bank LSB 1
Program 0
Program 1
Program 2
Bank LSB 2
Program 127
Bank LSB 127
Program 0
Program 1
Program 2
Program 127
Program 0
Program 1
Program 2
A list of Roland GS and Yamaha XG NRPN numbers
can be found in Appendix F, “Roland GS & Yamaha XG
NRPN.”
Bank MSB 2
Axiom factory preset 16 is already configured with NRPN
controls for Yamaha XG and Roland GS synthesizers.
Bank MSB 127
Bank LSB 0
Program 127
Bank LSB 1
Program 0
Program 1
Program 2
Bank LSB 2
Program 127
Bank LSB 127
Program 0
Program 1
Program 2
This message can be used in conjunction with MIDI
Program 127
CC 32 which is bank select LSB (Least Significant Byte):
a separate 7-bit message allowing additional selection
of any of another 128 sub-banks. The combination of Bank MSB and LSB messages gives a 14-bit message that
Axiom User Guide
45
Chapter 7: MIDI Messages Defined
can select any of a possible 16,384 banks. Each bank can in turn contain 128 possible sounds selected via a
separate program change MIDI message. This enables a user to theoretically recall over two million programs
directly, using only MIDI commands. However, most devices only use a few different banks, and you can
often ignore the LSB message.
You will find many MIDI devices respond to program change commands and many are organized according
to the GM listing. In General MIDI devices, different sounds are organized in the same way from device to device. Piano sounds are in their particular place, string sounds are in their place, drum sounds are in their place,
and so on. All GM devices (both hardware and software sound modules) are clearly labeled as such, so you
know that their sounds are organized in the General MIDI structure. When a GM device receives a MIDI program change, it calls up a type of sound that you expect from the GM sound set. All non-GM MIDI sound
modules call up unique sounds from their memory upon receiving MIDI program changes. Since the sounds
in a non-GM device are not arranged in a particular order, you need to take a look at the device itself to see
which sound you want and at which location in the memory it resides. Many VST instruments such as Native
Instruments’ FM7 or the synth modules in Propellerheads Reason are non-GM devices.
You can send Program Change, Bank LSB and Bank MSB messages directly from Axiom.
Please consult the documentation for your sound module, DAW or software instrument for further
information.
RPN/NRPNs
Overview
RPN stands for “Registered Parameter Number” and NRPN stands for “Non-Registered Parameter Number.”
Non-registered parameter numbers (NRPNs) are device-specific messages that enable you to control specific
synthesizer or sound module parameters via MIDI that are not accessible via standard MIDI CC's. The MIDI
specification defines open parameter numbers to allow manufacturers to specify their own NRPN controllers.
The more common of these are registered by the MIDI Manufacturers Association and are now part of the
MIDI specification, hence the term Registered Parameter Numbers or RPNs. See Appendix A, “Standard MIDI
Control Numbers (MIDI CC’s).” Each NRPN/RPN has an associated 2-byte number. The two bytes allow for
128 values each. An RPN or NRPN message is made up of two parts: The MSB and the LSB message. Both of
these messages together constitute an RPN or NRPN command. This allows 16,384 values in total. MIDI controllers 98 and 99 represent the NRPN LSB and MSB respectively, while 100 and 101 represent the RPN LSB and
MSB messages.
To transmit an NRPN/RPN message, these LSB and MSB controller messages are sent along with their user
specified values. A further controller message and value needs to be sent to specify the (coarse or fine) value
adjustment. This is specified by controller number 6 (data entry) for coarse adjustments or number 38 for fine
adjustments.
A list of NRPNs is usually included in the documentation for any NRPN compatible device. It is always necessary that the NRPN MSB and LSB be sent together. Both will be specified in its manual, but typically only in
Hexadecimal format. If this is the case, see Appendix E, “Hexadecimal Conversion Chart” for help translating
the value to decimal.
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Chapter 7: MIDI Messages Defined
Combining Two MIDI CC Numbers for 16,384 Possible RPNs/NRPNs
A single MIDI CC provides 128 values or possible selections which is not enough to provide a sufficient number of unique RPN/NRPNs for all manufacturers of MIDI equipment. In order to make a large enough number
of RPN and NRPN messages available for use by the many manufacturers of MIDI devices, two specific MIDI
CC numbers (NRPN=98+99; RPN=100+101) are combined for RPN/NRPN selection. When combining two
MIDI CC numbers this way, the 128 possibilities of the first MIDI CC multiply with the 128 possibilities of the
second MIDI CC, resulting in 16384 unique possibilities - plenty of options for all manufacturers of MIDI
equipment.
You can think of this as a matrix of 128x128 options, each representing a unique identifier a manufacturer of
MIDI equipment may choose to use for selection of a specific parameter in their device. See the illustration below.
127
Two MIDI CCs
(98&99 or 100&101)
select an RPN/NRPN
for editing
9
8
7
6
5
CC99
Value 4
4
3
2
1
CC99 0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
127
CC98
CC98
Value 5
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Chapter 7: MIDI Messages Defined
Check Your 3rd Party Documentation for a RPN/NRPN List
Begin by checking the documentation for your MIDI device for a list of supported RPN or NRPN numbers. As
mentioned, the supported parameters are unique to the device in use but the list should look similar to this:
MIDI CC98
coordinate one
MIDI CC99
coordinate two
selects RPN/NRPN
parameter
MIDI CC6
alters values
MIDI CC98
MIDI CC99
MIDI CC6
Filter Cutoff
41
3
0-127
Resonance
41
4
0-127
Attack
41
5
0-127
Decay
41
6
0-127
Sustain
41
7
0-127
Release
41
8
0-127
LPF
41
9
0-127
HPF
41
10
0-127
Find the parameter you wish to control from the list in the 3rd party documentation and make note of the values listed for CC 98 (LSB) and for CC 99 (MSB) when working with NRPNs, or CC 100 (LSB) and CC 101 (MSB)
when working with RPNs. You will need these values once you are ready to assign an Axiom control to an RPN
or NRPN.
A Third MIDI CC Number (CC 6 or CC 38) for Altering the RPN or NRPN Value
A third MIDI CC is needed to change the value of the selected RPN or NRPN. For most devices, MIDI CC 6 is
used when working with NRPN or RPN “coarse” messages, while MIDI CC 38 is used when working with
“fine” messages. In other words, the combined MIDI CC numbers (NRPN=98+99; RPN=100+101) only specify
the parameter to be edited. They have to be followed with yet another specific MIDI CC number/value (CC 6
or CC 38) in order to alter the associated parameter value.
This means that 3 MIDI messages have to be sent in sequence, in order to select and change an RPN or NRPN
value. For example:
MIDI CC 98: value 51
Selects a specific NRPN
MIDI CC 99: value 3
MIDI CC 6: value 10
Axiom User Guide
Sets the parameter to a value of 10.
48
Chapter 7: MIDI Messages Defined
16,384 Step Resolution Through Combined Coarse and Fine Messages
Most assignable MIDI controls, including those on Axiom, operate with a resolution of 128 steps. Standard
MIDI CC messages that can be used universally between different MIDI devices are also limited to a resolution
of 128 steps. However, the RPN/NRPN concept provides a resolution of 16,384 steps by combining two 7-bit
MIDI messages into a 14-bit message (coarse + fine).
Hardware controller knobs or faders that take advantage of the full 14-bit RPN/NRPN resolution are very uncommon. To illustrate the concept and make the purpose of RPN/NRPN Coarse and Fine messages easier to
understand, the following diagram describes how such a 14-bit RPN/NRPN control would operate (not supported by Axiom):
16,384
3
127
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Fine
16,384
0
2
127
Coarse
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Fine
0
0
1
127
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Fine
0
0
The RPN/NRPN coarse message divides the range of 16384 steps into 128 segments and activates them by
sending each segment's first value, while the RPN/NRPN fine message provides the 128 steps of resolution
contained in each of these segments.
Axiom User Guide
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Chapter 7: MIDI Messages Defined
Axiom controls allow assignment of either a RPN/NRPN coarse message, or a RPN/NRPN fine message, but not
both simultaneously. In practical use, this means:
• Assigning an RPN/NRPN coarse message to an Axiom control access to values throughout the entire range
of 16384 steps while skipping 128 steps with every value transmitted
(0; 129; 258; 387; 516; 645;...;16384).
• Assigning an RPN/NRPN fine message to an Axiom control allows access to the first 128 values of the entire range (0-127 of 16384).
In most cases, it is preferable to assign the RNP/NRPN coarse message, unless two Axiom controls are dedicated to be operated together for simultaneous control of the RPN/NRPN coarse and fine parameters.
Many data sheets for synthesizers make use of NRPN messages and will give the LSB and MSB values that
should be entered for Data 2 and Data 3. Some manuals may only give the hex values, but Axiom requires the
decimal value to be entered. See Appendix E for a hex to decimal conversion chart.
SysEx
System Exclusive (SysEx) messages were defined in the MIDI specification to allow control of individual devices via MIDI. The format of SysEx messages allows virtually any function to be performed via MIDI if the receiving device can read and translate the message. This allows devices to send audio sample memory data,
memory dumps, controller settings, and much more. It also allows the controllers of one device to be controlled by another.
It is not possible to program your own custom SysEx message into Axiom. However, the device does contain
several pre-programmed SysEx Messages that are accessed by assigning the appropriate MIDI controller number to a control (see Appendix B, “Assignable MIDI CC’s”).
A SysEx message is not transmitted on any specific channel. All SysEx messages contain a Device ID, which is
used to single out devices to respond to the SysEx message. All other devices are ignored.
When you press the Channel Assign key, you will enter a Device ID instead. This is indicated by the fact that
the LCD displays the “DevID” and the number, not “CHAN” and the channel number.
Device IDs run from 00 to 127. 127 is the default device number setting for Axiom. This setting transmits the
SysEx message to all devices.
It is not possible to program Axiom controls with your own SysEx messages, but there are software applications that can receive a MIDI input signal and translate it into a different, user-specified message. You can program your custom SysEx messages into the translator software, and then translate the incoming Axiom data
to your custom SysEx message.
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Chapter 7: MIDI Messages Defined
Appendix A: Standard MIDI Control Numbers
(MIDI CC’s)
00 Bank Select
46 Controller 46
92 Tremolo Depth
01 Modulation
47 Controller 47
93 Chorus Depth
02 Breath Control
48 Gen Purpose 1 LSB
94 Celeste (De-tune)
03 Controller 3
49 Gen Purpose 2 LSB
95 Phaser Depth
04 Foot Control
50 Gen Purpose 3 LSB
96 Data Increment
05 Porta Time
51 Gen Purpose 4 LSB
97 Data Decrement
06 Data Entry
52 Controller 52
98 Non-Reg Param LSB
07 Channel Volume
53 Controller 53
99 Non-Reg Param MSB
08 Balance
54 Controller 54
100 Reg Param LSB
09 Controller 9
55 Controller 55
101 Reg Param MSB
10 Pan
56 Controller 56
102 Controller 102
11 Expression
57 Controller 57
103 Controller 103
12 Effects Controller 1
58 Controller 58
104 Controller 104
13 Effects Controller 2
59 Controller 59
105 Controller 105
14 Controller 14
60 Controller 60
106 Controller 106
15 Controller 15
61 Controller 61
107 Controller 107
16 Gen Purpose 1
62 Controller 62
108 Controller 108
17 Gen Purpose 2
63 Controller 63
109 Controller 109
18 Gen Purpose 3
64 Sustain Pedal
110 Controller 110
19 Gen Purpose 4
65 Portamento
111 Controller 111
20 Controller 20
66 Sostenuto
112 Controller 112
21 Controller 21
67 Soft Pedal
113 Controller 113
22 Controller 22
68 Legato Pedal
114 Controller 114
23 Controller 23
69 Hold 2
115 Controller 115
24 Controller 24
70 Sound Variation
116 Controller 116
25 Controller 25
71 Resonance
117 Controller 117
26 Controller 26
72 Release Time
118 Controller 118
27 Controller 27
73 Attack Time
119 Controller 119
28 Controller 28
74 Cut-off Frequency
Channel Mode Messages
29 Controller 29
75 Controller 75
120 All Sound off
30 Controller 30
76 Controller 76
121 Reset all Controllers
31 Controller 31
77 Controller 77
122 Local Control
Axiom User Guide
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Appendix A: Standard MIDI Control Numbers (MIDI CC’s)
32 Bank Select LSB
78 Controller 78
123 All Notes Off
33 Modulation LSB
79 Controller 79
124 Omni Off
34 Breath Control LSB
80 Gen Purpose 5
125 Omni On
35 Controller 35
81 Gen Purpose 6
126 Mono On (Poly Off)
36 Foot Control LSB
82 Gen Purpose 7
127 Poly On (Mono Off)
37 Porta Time LSB
83 Gen Purpose 8
Extra RPN Messages
38 Data Entry LSB
84 Portamento Control
128 Pitch Bend Sensitivity
39 Channel Volume LSB
85 Controller 85
129 Fine Tune
40 Balance LSB
86 Controller 86
130 Coarse Tune
41 Controller 41
87 Controller 87
131 Channel Pressure
42 Pan LSB
88 Controller 88
43 Expression LSB
89 Controller 89
44 Controller 44
90 Controller 90
45 Controller 45
91 Reverb Depth
Some MIDI devices count preset sounds from 1 – 128 instead of 0 – 127. As a result, there may be an offset of
+/–1 between the program change number sent from Axiom and the recalled sound preset on your module.
Axiom Guide
52
Appendix A: Standard MIDI Control Numbers (MIDI CC’s)
Appendix B: Assignable MIDI CC’s
Faders
MIDI CC
Description
Data 2
Data 3
0-119
Standard MIDI CC's (Appendix A)
Min
Max
120-127
Channel Mode Messages (Appendix A)
Min
Max
128
Pitch Bend Range
Min
Max
129
Channel Fine Tune
Min
Max
130
Channel Coarse Tune
Min
Max
131
Channel Pressure
Min
Max
132
RPN coarse
RPN LSB
RPN LSB
133
RPN Fine
RPN LSB
RPN LSB
134
NRPN Coarse
NRPN LSB
NRPN LSB
135
NRPN Fine
NRPN LSB
NRPN LSB
136
Master Volume GM*
Min
Max
137
Master Pan GM*
Min
Max
138
Master Coarse Tune GM*
Min
Max
139
Master Fine Tune GM*
Min
Max
140
Chorus Mod rate GM2*
Min
Max
141
Chorus Mod Depth GM2*
Min
Max
142
Feedback GM2*
Min
Max
143
Send to Reverb GM2*
Min
Max
144
Pitch Bend*
Min
Max
255
Controller Off
Min
Max
*General MIDI SysEx messages.
Axiom User Guide
53
Appendix B: Assignable MIDI CC’s
Encoder Knobs
MIDI CC
Description
Data 1
Data 2
Data 3
0-119
Standard MIDI CC's (Appendix A)
-
Toggle Value 2
Toggle Value 1
120-127
Channel Mode Messages (Appendix A)
-
Toggle Value 2
Toggle Value 1
128
Pitch Bend Range
-
Sensitivity Value
-
129
Channel Fine Tune
-
Tuning Amount
-
130
Channel Coarse Tune
-
Tuning Amount
-
131
Channel Pressure
-
Pressure Amount
-
132
RPN coarse
Value
RPN LSB
RPN MSB
133
RPN Fine
Value
RPN LSB
RPN MSB
134
NRPN Coarse
Value
NRPN LSB
NRPN MSB
135
NRPN Fine
Value
NRPN LSB
NRPN MSB
136
Master Volume GM*
-
Volume LSB
Volume MSB
137
Master Pan GM*
-
Pan LSB
Pan MSB
138
Master Coarse Tune GM*
-
Tuning LSB
Tuning MSB
139
Master Fine Tune GM*
-
Tuning LSB
Tuning MSB
140
Chorus Mod rate GM2*
-
Mod Rate
-
141
Chorus Mod Depth GM2*
-
Mod Depth
-
142
Feedback GM2*
-
Feedback Level
-
143
Send to Reverb GM2*
-
Reverb Send Level
-
144
Pitch Bend*
-
Pitch Shift LSB
Pitch Shift MSB
145
Program/Bank Preset
Program
Bank LSB
Bank MSB
146
Rel. Bin Offset
-
CC
-
147
Rel. 2’s Comp
-
CC
-
148
Signed bit 1
-
CC
-
149
Signed bit 2
-
CC
-
150
Single Step -/+
-
CC
-
151
RPN Rel. -/+
-
LSB
MSB
152
NRPN Rel -/+
-
LSB
MSB
*General MIDI SysEx messages.
Axiom User Guide
54
Appendix B: Assignable MIDI CC’s
Buttons & Sustain Pedal
MIDI CC
Description
Data 1
Data 2
Data 3
0-119
Standard MIDI CC's (Appendix A)
-
Released Value
Pressed Value
120-127
Channel Mode Messages (Appendix A)
-
Released Value
Pressed Value
128
Pitch Bend Range
-
Value
-
129
Channel Fine Tune
-
Value
-
130
Channel Coarse Tune
-
Value
-
131
Channel Pressure
-
Value
-
132
RPN coarse
Value
RPN LSB
RPN MSB
133
RPN Fine
Value
RPN LSB
RPN MSB
134
NRPN Coarse
Value
NRPN LSB
NRPN MSB
135
NRPN Fine
Value
NRPN LSB
NRPN MSB
136
Master Volume GM*
-
Volume LSB
Volume MSB
137
Master Pan GM*
-
Pan LSB
Pan MSB
138
Master Coarse Tune GM*
-
Tuning LSB
Tuning MSB
139
Master Fine Tune GM*
-
Tuning LSB
Tuning MSB
140
Chorus Mod rate GM2*
-
Mod Rate
-
141
Chorus Mod Depth GM2*
-
Mod Depth
-
142
Feedback GM2*
-
Feedback Level
-
143
Send to Reverb GM2*
-
Reverb Send Level
-
144
Pitch Bend*
-
Pitch Shift LSB
Pitch Shift MSB
145
Program/Bank Preset
Program
Bank LSB
Bank MSB
146
Toggle MIDI CC (On/Off)
MIDI CC
Button Press Value
Button Release Value
147
Note (On/Off)
Note
Velocity Off
Velocity On
148
Note (On/Off Toggle)
Note
Velocity Off
Velocity On
149
MMC Command**
-
Command Select
-
150
Reverb Type GM2*
-
Type
-
151
Reverb Time GM2*
-
Time
-
152
Chorus Type GM2*
-
Type
-
153
MIDI CC decrement
MIDI CC
Start
End
154
MIDI CC increment
MIDI CC
Start
End
155
Program decrement
-
Start
End
156
Program increment
-
Start
End
*General MIDI SysEx messages.
Axiom User Guide
55
Appendix B: Assignable MIDI CC’s
Trigger Pads
When assigned to MIDI CC numbers 0 – 144, these pads transmit MIDI data based on the amount of pressure applied. Assigning them to MIDI CC numbers 145 – 255 causes them to function as switch type controls.
MIDI CC
Description
Data 1
Data 2
Data 3
0-119
Standard MIDI CC's (Appendix A)
-
Min
Max
120-127
Channel Mode Messages (Appendix A)
-
Min
Max
128
Pitch Bend Range
-
Min
Max
129
Channel Fine Tune
-
Min
Max
130
Channel Coarse Tune
-
Min
Max
131
Channel Pressure
-
Min
Max
132
RPN coarse
Value
RPN LSB
RPN MSB
133
RPN Fine
Value
RPN LSB
RPN MSB
134
NRPN Coarse
Value
NRPN LSB
NRPN MSB
135
NRPN Fine
Value
NRPN LSB
NRPN MSB
136
Master Volume GM*
-
Min
Max
137
Master Pan GM*
-
Min
Max
138
Master Coarse Tune GM*
-
Min
Max
139
Master Fine Tune GM*
-
Min
Max
140
Chorus Mod rate GM2*
-
Min
Max
141
Chorus Mod Depth GM2*
-
Min
Max
142
Feedback GM2*
-
Min
Max
143
Send to Reverb GM2*
-
Min
Max
144
Pitch Bend*
-
Min
Max
145
Program/Bank Preset
Program
Bank LSB
Bank MSB
146
MIDI CC (On/Off Toggle)
MIDI CC
Pad Press Value (2nd)
Pad Release Value
(1st)
147
Note (On/Off)
Note
Pressure Off
Pressure On
148
Note (On/Off Toggle)
Note
Velocity Off
Velocity On
149
MMC Command**
-
Command Select
(Type)
-
150
Reverb Type GM2*
-
Type
-
151
Reverb Time GM2*
-
Time
-
152
Chorus Type GM2*
-
Type
-
153
MIDI CC decrement
MIDI CC
Start
End
154
MIDI CC increment
MIDI CC
Start
End
Axiom User Guide
56
Appendix B: Assignable MIDI CC’s
MIDI CC
Description
Data 1
Data 2
Data 3
155
Program decrement
-
Start
End
156
Program increment
-
Start
End
*General MIDI SysEx messages.
Expression Pedal, After-Touch Strip, Pitch Bend and Modulation Wheels
These controls can have separate MIDI CC assignments for each of the 4 available keyboard Zones, so that
specific control data can affect a specific Zone without affecting the others.
MIDI CC
Description
Data 2
Data 3
0-119
Standard MIDI CC's (Appendix A)
Min
Max
120-127
Channel Mode Messages (Appendix A)
Min
Max
128
Pitch Bend Range
Min
Max
129
Channel Fine Tune
Min
Max
130
Channel Coarse Tune
Min
Max
131
Channel Pressure
Min
Max
132
RPN coarse
RPN LSB
RPN LSB
133
RPN Fine
RPN LSB
RPN LSB
134
NRPN Coarse
NRPN LSB
NRPN LSB
135
NRPN Fine
NRPN LSB
NRPN LSB
136
Master Volume GM*
Min
Max
137
Master Pan GM*
Min
Max
138
Master Coarse Tune GM*
Min
Max
139
Master Fine Tune GM*
Min
Max
140
Chorus Mod Rate GM2*
Min
Max
141
Chorus Mod Depth GM2*
Min
Max
142
Feedback GM2*
Min
Max
143
Send to Reverb GM2*
Min
Max
144
Pitch Bend*
Min
Max
255
Controller Off
Min
Max
*General MIDI SysEx messages.
Axiom User Guide
57
Appendix B: Assignable MIDI CC’s
Appendix C: Useful MIDI Data
General MIDI Instruments
Axiom does not contain internal sounds. The following table is for reference when controlling General
MIDI compatible software instruments or devices.
Piano
Bass
Reed
Synth Effects
0 Acoustic Grand Piano
1 Bright Acoustic Piano
2 Electric grand Piano
3 Honky Tonk Piano
4 Electric Piano 1
5 Electric Piano 2
6 Harpsichord
7 Clavinet
32 Acoustic Bass
33 Fingered Bass
34 Electric Picked Bass
35 Fretless Bass
36 Slap Bass 1
37 Slap Bass 2
38 Syn Bass 1
39 Syn Bass 2
64 Soprano Sax
65 Alto Sax
66 Tenor Sax
67 Baritone Sax
68 Oboe
69 English Horn
70 Bassoon
71 Clarinet
96 SFX Rain
97 SFX Soundtrack
98 SFX Crystal
99 SFX Atmosphere
100 SFX Brightness
101 SFX Goblins
102 SFX Echoes
103 SFX Sci-Fi
Chromatic Percussion
Strings/Orchestra
Pipe
Ethnic
8 Celesta
9 Glockenspiel
10 Music Box
11 Vibraphone
12 Marimba
13 Xylophone
14 Tubular bells
15 Dulcimer
40 Violin
41 Viola
42 Cello
43 Contrabass
44 Tremolo Strings
45 Pizzicato Strings
46 Orchestral Harp
47 Timpani
72 Piccolo
73 Flute
74 Recorder
75 Pan Flute
76 Bottle Blow
77 Shakuhachi
78 Whistle
79 Ocarina
104 Sitar
105 Banjo
106 Shamisen
107 Koto
108 Kalimba
109 Bag Pipe
110 Fiddle
111 Shanai
Organ
Ensemble
Synth Lead
Percussive
16 Drawbar Organ
17 Percussive Organ
18 Rock Organ
19 Church Organ
20 Reed Organ
21 Accordion
22 Harmonica
23 Tango Accordion
48 String Ensemble 1
49 String Ensemble 2
50 Syn Strings 1
51 Syn Strings 2
52 Choir Aahs
53 Voice Oohs
54 Syn Choir
55 Orchestral Hit
80 Syn Square Wave
81 Syn Sawtooth Wave
82 Syn Calliope
83 Syn Chiff
84 Syn Charang
85 Syn Voice
86 Syn Sawtooth Wave
87 Syn Brass & Lead
112 Tinkle Bell
113 Agogo
114 Steel Drums
115 Woodblock
116 Taiko Drum
117 Melodic Tom
118 Syn Drum
119 Reverse Cymbal
Guitar
Brass
Synth Pad
Sound Effects
24 Nylon Acoustic
25 Steel Acoustic
26 Jazz Electric
27 Clean Electric
28 Muted Electric
29 Overdrive
30 Distorted
31 Harmonics
56 Trumpet
57 Trombone
58 Tuba
59 Muted Trumpet
60 French Horn
61 Brass Section
61 Syn Brass 1
62 Syn Brass 2
88 New Age Syn Pad
89 Warm Syn Pad
90 Polysynth Syn Pad
91 Choir Syn Pad
92 Bowed Syn Pad
93 Metal Syn Pad
94 Halo Syn Pad
95 Sweep Syn Pad
120 Guitar Fret Noise
121 Breath Noise
122 Seashore
123 Bird Tweet
124 Telephone Ring
125 Helicopter
126 Applause
127 Gun Shot
Some MIDI devices count preset sounds from 1 – 128 instead of 0 – 127. As a result, there may be an offset of
+/–1 between the program change number sent from Axiom and the recalled sound preset on your module.
Axiom User Guide
58
Appendix C: Useful MIDI Data
MIDI Note Numbers
Octave (n)
Note Numbers
Cn
C#n
Dn
D#n
En
Fn
F#n
Gn
G#n
A
A#n
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Bn
11
0
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
1
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
2
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
3
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
4
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
5
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
6
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
7
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
8
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
9
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
General MIDI Reverb and Chorus Types
Reverb Types
0: Small Room
1: Medium Room
2: Large Room
3: Medium Hall
4: Large Hall
5: Plate
Chorus Types
0: Chorus 1
1: Chorus 2
2: Chorus 3
3: Chorus 4
4: FB Chorus
5: Flanger
Axiom User Guide
59
Appendix C: Useful MIDI Data
Appendix D: DirectLink Transport
Assignments
Within qualified versions of Pro Tools, users can access additional Transport functions by holding
the Loop button while pressing one of the other Transport Control buttons as shown below.
Axiom User Guide
Button
Pro Tools Control
Modified Button
Pro Tools Control
LOOP
-
-
-
REW
REW
LOOP + REW
Goto Start
FWD
FWD
LOOP + FWD
Goto End
STOP
STOP
LOOP + STOP
Undo
PLAY
PLAY
LOOP + PLAY
Loop Play Mode
REC
REC
LOOP + REC
Loop Record Mode
60
Appendix D: DirectLink Transport Assignments
Appendix E: Hexadecimal Conversion Chart
Hexadecimal Value
Decimal Value
Hexadecimal Value
Decimal Value
Hexadecimal Value
Decimal Value
0
0
2B
43
56
86
1
1
2C
44
57
87
2
2
2D
45
58
88
3
3
2E
46
59
89
4
4
2F
47
5A
90
5
5
30
48
5B
91
6
6
31
49
5C
92
7
7
32
50
5D
93
8
8
33
51
5E
94
9
9
34
52
5F
95
0A
10
35
53
60
96
0B
11
36
54
61
97
0C
12
37
55
62
98
0D
13
38
56
63
99
0E
14
39
57
64
100
0F
15
3A
58
65
101
10
16
3B
59
66
102
11
17
3C
60
67
103
12
18
3D
61
68
104
13
19
3E
62
69
105
14
20
3F
63
6A
106
15
21
40
64
6B
107
16
22
41
65
6C
108
17
23
42
66
6D
109
18
24
43
67
6E
110
19
25
44
68
6F
111
1A
26
45
69
70
112
1B
27
46
70
71
113
1C
28
47
71
72
114
1D
29
48
72
73
115
1E
30
49
73
74
116
1F
31
4A
74
75
117
20
32
4B
75
76
118
Axiom User Guide
61
Appendix E: Hexadecimal Conversion Chart
Hexadecimal Value
Decimal Value
Hexadecimal Value
Decimal Value
Hexadecimal Value
Decimal Value
21
33
4C
76
77
119
22
34
4D
77
78
120
23
35
4E
78
79
121
24
36
4F
79
7A
122
25
37
50
80
7B
123
26
38
51
81
7C
124
27
39
52
82
7D
125
28
40
53
83
7E
126
29
41
54
84
7F
127
2A
42
55
85
Axiom User Guide
62
Appendix E: Hexadecimal Conversion Chart
Appendix F: Roland GS & Yamaha XG NRPN
NRPN
NRPN
Data
Data
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
CC99
CC98
CC06
CC38
01
08
00-7F
n/a (-64 - 0 - +63) Vibrato Rate (relative change)
01
09
00-7F
n/a (-64 - 0 - +63) Vibrato Depth (relative change)
01
0A
00-7F
n/a (-64 - 0 - +63) Vibrato Delay (relative change)
01
20
00-7F
n/a (-64 - 0 - +63) Filter Cutoff Freq. (relative change)
01
21
00-7F
n/a (-64 - 0 - +63) Filter Resonance (relative change)
01
63
00-7F
n/a (-64 - 0 - +63) EG (TVF&TVA) Attack Time (relative change)
01
64
00-7F
n/a (-64 - 0 - +63) EG (TVF&TVA) Decay Time (relative change)
01
66
00-7F
n/a (-64 - 0 - +63) EG (TVF&TVA) Release Time (relative change)
14
00-7F
00-7F
n/a (-64 - 0 - +63) Drum Filter Cutoff Freq. (relative change)*
15
00-7F
00-7F
n/a (-64 - 0 - +63) Drum Filter Resonance (relative change)*
16
00-7F
00-7F
n/a (-64 - 0 - +63) Drum EG Attack Rate (relative change)*
17
00-7F
00-7F
n/a (-64 - 0 - +63) Drum EG Decay Rate (relative change)*
18
00-7F
00-7F
n/a (-64 - 0 - +63) Drum Instrument Pitch Coarse (relative change)
19
00-7F
00-7F
n/a (-64 - 0 - +63) Drum Instrument Pitch Fine (relative change)*
1A
00-7F
00-7F
n/a (0 to Max) Drum Instrument Level (absolute change)
1C
00-7F
00-7F
n/a (Random, L>C>R) Drum Instrument Pan pot (absolute change)
1D
00-7F
00-7F
n/a (0 to Max) Drum Instrument Reverb Send Level (absolute change)
1E
00-7F
00-7F
n/a (0 to Max) Drum Instrument Chorus Send Level (absolute change)
1F
00-7F
00-7F
n/a (0 to Max) Drum Instrument Variation Send Level (absolute change)**
*added by Yamaha XG
**changed from Delay to Variation by Yamaha XG
Axiom User Guide
63
Appendix F: Roland GS & Yamaha XG NRPN
Disposal of Waste Equipment by Users in the European Union
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
We Avid,
5975 Martin Rd.
Irwindale, CA 91706 USA
tel: 626-633-9050
declare under our sole responsibility that the product
Axiom models 61, 49, 25
comply with Part 15 of FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This symbol on the product or its packaging indicates that this product must not
be disposed of with other waste. Instead, it is your responsibility to dispose of
your waste equipment by handing it over to a designated collection point for the
recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment. The separate collection
and recycling of your waste equipment at the time of disposal will help conserve
natural resources and ensure that it is recycled in a manner that protects human
health and the environment. For more information about where you can drop off
your waste equipment for recycling, please contact your local city recycling office
or the dealer from whom you purchased the product.
Warning
This product contains chemicals, including lead, known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Wash hands after handling.
Communication Statement
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for
a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful
interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at
his own expense.
Canadian Compliance Statement
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Communications and Safety Regulation Information
Compliance Statement
The models Axiiom 61, 49, 25 comply with the following standards regulating
interference and EMC:
• FCC part 15, Class A
• EN 55024 (1998)
• EN 55022 (1994)/ CISPR 22 (1993), Class B
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du
Canada.
Australian Compliance
Radio and Television Interference
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class
B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Avid
European Compliance
Precautions On Use
Please read the following precautions on use before operating the system.
Use the correct power cable for your local power supply.
For 240 V AC
For 220 V AC to
240 V AC
Handle With Care
Never use the system during abnormal conditions. Do not operate if smoke is
emitted, sound is frequently distorted, or if there are any conditions of
malfunction.
Do not place any liquids on or near the system.
Ensure that nothing rests on the system’s cables, that they do not come in to
contact with water or excessive heat. Damage to a cable can cause fire or
electric shock. They should be located where they cannot be stepped on or
tripped over.
When not using the system for extended periods make sure that all power cables
are disconnected from the power source.
Disconnect all external leads before shipping. Do not subject the system to
damaging shocks during shipment.
Never remove any covers unless in accordance with the manufacturers’
instructions. Do not place any foreign objects through ventilation holes. If a
foreign object falls inside the system disconnect all power cables and contact
customer support.
When disconnecting the power cable, turn off the power and allow at least 30
seconds for any electrostaticity to be discharged.
To avoid electric shocks always plug all cables in to properly grounded power
sources. Do not use adaptor plugs.
Use an uninterruptible power supply, surge processor or line conditioner in order
to protect your system from sudden changes in electrical power.
Cleaning
Location
Important Safety Instructions
When running a PAL video monitor with the system there should be a distance of
at least one foot between this and the system monitors, thus avoiding picture
distortion and flickering.
Always place the system on a steady, flat surface and ensure that it is not liable
to fall over.
Do not place the system where it is exposed to direct sunlight, direct heat, high
temperatures or any area where it is in danger of overheating.
Do not place the system near any equipment which generates magnetism.
Do not cover any cooling vents in the system.
Avoid installing the system in a location where humidity, dust and fumes occur.
When using electric or electronic equipment, basic precautions should always be
followed, including the following:
• Read all instructions before using this equipment.
• To avoid the risk of shock, keep this equipment away from rainwater and
other moisture. Do not use this equipment if it is wet.
• The equipment should only be connected to the correct rating power supply
as indicated on the product.
• Do not attempt to service the equipment. There are no user-serviceable parts
inside. Please refer all servicing to authorized Avid personnel.
• Any attempt to service the equipment will expose you to a risk of electric
shock, and will void the manufacturer’s warranty.
Caution
Electro Static Discharge, Electrical Fast Transient and Conducted RF interference
may cause the unit to malfunction. In such cases, unplug the unit and plug it in
again to restore normal operation.
Keep your system clean and dust free at all times. To clean use a soft cloth
lightly moistened with a mild detergent. Never use an abrasive pad or solvent
such as benzene or alchol.
Do not allow dust and moisture to accumulate in the surrounding environment.
Avid
Technical Support (USA)
Product Information
5795 Martin Road
Irwindale, CA 91706-6211 USA
Visit the Online Support Center at
www.avid.com/support
For company and product information,
visit us on the web at www.avid.com
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