Mackie 1202 Owner`s manual

Mackie 1202 Owner`s manual
1202-VLZ PRO
12-CHANNEL
MIC/LINE MIXER
OWNER’S MANUAL
POWER
ON
PHANTOM
ON
CAUTION
WARNING: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT
MAIN
RIGHT
MAIN
LEFT
BALANCED
BALANCED
AVIS: RISCQUE DE CHOC ÉLECTRIQUE — NE PAS OUVRIR
UTILISE UN FUSIBLE DE RECHANGE DE MÊME TYPE.
DEBRANCHER AVANT DE REMPLACER LE FUSIBLE
REPLACE WITH THE SAME TYPE FUSE AND RATING.
DISCONNECT SUPPLY CORD BEFORE CHANGING FUSE
XDRTM EXTENDED DYNAMIC RANGE MIC PREAMPLIFIERS ARE PROPRIETARY TO MACKIE DESIGNS, INC.
ALT
OUTPUT
CONTROL
ROOM
BAL/UNBAL
CHANNEL INSERTS
( PRE-FADER / PRE EQ TIP SEND / RING RETURN )
BAL/UNBAL
1
2
3
4
L/3
R/4
L
R
+4
MIC
MANUFACTURING DATE
SERIAL NUMBER
EXPOSE THIS EQUIPMENT TO RAIN OR MOISTURE. DO NOT REMOVE COVER.
NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
1202-VLZPRO
12-CHANNEL MIC/LINE MIXER
WITH PREMIUM XDR TM MIC PREAMPLIFIERS
120 VAC 50/60 Hz 25W
500mA/250V SLO-BLO
MAIN
OUTPUT
LEVEL
CAUTION:
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF
FIRE REPLACE WITH SAME
TYPE .5A-250V FUSE
DESIGNED BY MACKOIDS IN WOODINVILLE, WA, USA
COPYRIGHT ©1998 • THE FOLLOWING ARE TRADEMARKS OR REGISTERED TRADEMARKS
OF MACKIE DESIGN INC.: "MACKIE", "VLZ","XDR" AND THE "RUNNING MAN" FIGURE • PATENT PENDING
MIC 1
XD R
IC PR
E
XD R
MIC
4
M
MIC
3
M
MIC
2
M
MIC PR
E
IC PR
E
XD R
RIGHT
LEFT/MONO
IC PR
E
XD R
BAL/UNBAL
ALL BAL/UNBAL
1
1
L
1202-VLZPRO
L
LEFT
RIGHT
2
12-CHANNEL MIC/ LINE MIXER
WITH PREMIUM XDRTM MIC PREAMPLIFIERS
R
2
R
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
C GAIN
I
U M
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
C GAIN
I
U M
STEREO AUX RETURN
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
C GAIN
I
U M
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
C GAIN
I
U M
AUX SEND
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
TRIM
AUX
1
U
+15
+15
OO
L
L
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
EQ
U
-15
EQ
U
EQ
U
EQ
U
EFX
EFX
+15
OO
EQ
U
HI
HI
HI
HI
HI
HI
12kHz
12kHz
12kHz
12kHz
12kHz
12kHz
-15
-15
+15
-15
+15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
-15
+15
-15
+15
MID
MID
MID
MID
MID
MID
MID
MID
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
-12
+12
-12
+12
-12
+12
-12
+12
-12
+12
-12
+12
-12
+12
+12
LOW
LOW
LOW
LOW
LOW
LOW
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
POWER
CONTROL
ROOM
SOURCE
LEFT RIGHT
0dB=0dBu
28
7
2
ALT 3–4
0
2
PAN
4
TAPE
7
10
L
L
R
L
R
2
1
MUTE
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
R
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
U
OO
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
+20dB
GAIN
U
OO
30
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
PRE FADER
ALT 3-4
20
11 12
9 10
78
56
4
3
L
R
+20dB
GAIN
ASSIGN
TO MAIN MIX
U
OO
CLIP
10
+15
PAN
PAN
PAN
PAN
PAN
PAN
PAN
-15
+15
AUX
RETURN
4
LOW
80Hz
-15
+20
OO
MAIN MIX
LOW
+15
2
EFX TO
MONITOR
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
NORMALLED
U
PRE
POST
EQ
U
HI
12kHz
1
+20
OO
AUX 1
SELECT
+15
OO
HI
U
-15
EQ
U
2
2
2
+10
OO
AUX 1 MASTER
U
12kHz
+15
-12
EQ
+15
OO
EFX
+15
OO
U
U
MON/
EFX
U
2
+15
OO
+15
OO
EFX
EFX
+15
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
U
2
2
OO
+15
OO
PHONES
LINE IN 11-12
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
U
EFX
+15
OO
U
+15
OO
LINE IN 9-10
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
U
EFX
+15
OO
+15
OO
2
2
R
R
R
LINE IN 7-8
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
U
EFX
+15
OO
+15
OO
MONO
L
LINE IN 5-6
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
U
U
TRIM
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
MAIN OUT
MONO
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
OO
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TAPE
OUTPUT
MONO
R
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TAPE
INPUT
MONO
LINE IN 4
LINE IN 3
LINE IN 2
LINE IN 1
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
+20dB
GAIN
RUDE
SOLO
LIGHT
U
OO
U
MAX
CTL ROOM /SUBMIX
OO
+10dB
MAIN MIX
LEVEL
SET
CAUTION
AVIS
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE
NE PAS OUVRIR
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR BACK)
NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL
ATTENTION: POUR EVITER LES RISQUES DE CHOC
ELECTRIQUE, NE PAS ENLEVER LE COUVERCLE. AUCUN
ENTRETIEN DE PIECES INTERIEURES PAR L'USAGER. CONFIER
L'ENTRETIEN AU PERSONNEL QUALIFIE.
AVIS: POUR EVITER LES RISQUES D'INCENDIE OU
D'ELECTROCUTION, N'EXPOSEZ PAS CET ARTICLE
A LA PLUIE OU A L'HUMIDITE
The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol within an equilateral
triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated
"dangerous voltage" within the product's enclosure, that may be
of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
Le symbole éclair avec point de flèche à l'intérieur d'un triangle
équilatéral est utilisé pour alerter l'utilisateur de la présence à
l'intérieur du coffret de "voltage dangereux" non isolé d'ampleur
suffisante pour constituer un risque d'éléctrocution.
The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to
alert the user of the presence of important operating and maintenance
(servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the appliance.
Le point d'exclamation à l'intérieur d'un triangle équilatéral est
employé pour alerter les utilisateurs de la présence d'instructions
importantes pour le fonctionnement et l'entretien (service) dans le
livret d'instruction accompagnant l'appareil.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1. Read Instructions — All the safety and operation instructions should be
read before this Mackie product is operated.
2. Retain Instructions — The safety and operating instructions should be kept
for future reference.
3. Heed Warnings — All warnings on this Mackie product and in these operating
instructions should be followed.
4. Follow Instructions — All operating and other instructions should be
followed.
5. Water and Moisture — This Mackie product should not be used near water
– for example, near a bathtub, washbowl, kitchen sink, laundry tub, in a wet
basement, near a swimming pool, swamp or salivating St. Bernard dog, etc.
6. Cleaning — Clean only with a dry cloth.
7. Ventilation — This Mackie product should be situated so that its
location or position does not interfere with its proper ventilation. For
example, the Component should not be situated on a bed, sofa, rug, or
similar surface that may block any ventilation openings, or placed in a
built-in installation such as a bookcase or cabinet that may impede the
flow of air through ventilation openings.
8. Heat — This Mackie product should be situated away from heat sources
such as radiators, or other devices which produce heat.
9. Power Sources — This Mackie product should be connected to a power
supply only of the type described in these operation instructions or as marked
on this Mackie product.
10. Power Cord Protection — Power supply cords should be routed so that
they are not likely to be walked upon or pinched by items placed upon or
against them, paying particular attention to cords at plugs, convenience
receptacles, and the point where they exit this Mackie product.
11. Object and Liquid Entry — Care should be taken so that objects do not
fall on, and liquids are not spilled into, this Mackie product.
12. Damage Requiring Service — This Mackie product should be serviced
only by qualified service personnel when:
A. The power-supply cord or the plug has been damaged; or
B. Objects have fallen, or liquid has spilled into this Mackie
product; or
C. This Mackie product has been exposed to rain; or
D. This Mackie product does not appear to operate normally or
exhibits a marked change in performance; or
E. This Mackie product has been dropped, or its chassis damaged.
13. Servicing — The user should not attempt to service this Mackie product
beyond those means described in this operating manual. All other servicing
should be referred to the Mackie Service Department.
14. To prevent electric shock, do not use this polarized plug with an
extension cord, receptacle or other outlet unless the blades can be fully
inserted to prevent blade exposure.
Pour prévenir les chocs électriques ne pas utiliser cette fiche polariseé avec un
prolongateur, un prise de courant ou une autre sortie de courant, sauf si les
lames peuvent être insérées à fond sans laisser aucune pariie à découvert.
15. Grounding or Polarization — Precautions should be taken so that the
grounding or polarization means of this Mackie product is not defeated.
16. Power Precautions — Unplug this Mackie product during lightning storms
or when unused for long periods of time. Note that this Mackie product is not
completely disconnected from the AC mains service when the power switch is
in the OFF position.
17. This apparatus does not exceed the Class A/Class B (whichever is
applicable) limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the
radio interference regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
ATTENTION —Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits
radioélectriques dépassant las limites applicables aux appareils numériques de
class A/de class B (selon le cas) prescrites dans le règlement sur le brouillage
radioélectrique édicté par les ministere des communications du Canada.
18. Exposure to extremely high noise levels may cause permanent hearing
loss. Individuals vary considerably in susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss,
but nearly everyone will lose some hearing if exposed to sufficiently intense
noise for a period of time. The U.S. Government’s Occupational Safety and
Health Administration (OSHA) has specified the permissible noise level exposures
shown in the following chart.
According to OSHA, any exposure in excess of these permissible limits could
result in some hearing loss. To ensure against potentially dangerous exposure to
high sound pressure levels, it is recommended that all persons exposed to equipment capable of producing high sound pressure levels use hearing protectors
while the equipment is in operation. Ear plugs or protectors in the ear canals or
over the ears must be worn when operating the equipment in order to prevent
a permanent hearing loss if exposure is in excess of the limits set forth here.
Duration Per Day
In Hours
8
6
4
3
2
1.5
1
0.5
0.25 or less
Sound Level dBA,
Slow Response
90
92
95
97
100
102
105
110
115
Typical
Example
Duo in small club
Subway Train
Very loud classical music
Tami screaming at Adrian about deadlines
Loudest parts at a rock concert
WARNING — To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock,
do not expose this appliance to rain or moisture.
2
READ THIS PAGE!!!
We realize that you must be dying to try out
your new 1202-VLZ PRO. Or you might be one of
those people who never read manuals. Either
way, all we ask is that you read this page NOW,
and the rest can wait until you’re good and ready.
But do read it — you’ll be glad you did.
LEVEL-SETTING PROCEDURE
Message to seasoned pros: do not set
levels using the old “Turn the trim up until
the clip light comes on, then back off a
hair” trick. When a Mackie Designs mixer
clip light comes on, you really are about to
clip. We worked and slaved to come up
with a better system, one that provides low
noise and high headroom.
Other Nuggets of Wisdom
For optimum sonic performance, the channel
GAIN knobs and the MAIN MIX knob should be
set near the “U” (unity gain) markings.
Always turn the MAIN MIX and CONTROL
ROOM/SUBMIX level controls down before
making connections to and from your
1202-VLZ PRO.
If you shut down your equipment, turn off
your amplifier(s) first. When powering up, turn
on your amplifier(s) last.
Save the shipping box! You may need it
someday, and you don’t want to have to pay for
another one.
INSTANT MIXING
Adjusting input levels (Chs. 1–4 only)
On the first four channels, it’s not even
necessary to hear what you’re doing to set
optimal levels. But if you’d like to: Plug
headphones into the PHONES jack, then
set the CONTROL ROOM/SUBMIX knob
about one-quarter of the way up.
The following steps must be performed
one channel at a time:
1. Turn the TRIM, GAIN and AUX send
knobs fully down (counterclockwise).
Set the EQ knobs at the center detent.
Connect the signal source to the input.
Engage (push in) the SOLO switch.
Play something into the selected input.
This could be an instrument, a singing
or speaking voice, or a line input such
as a CD player or tape recorder output.
Be sure that the volume of the input is
the same as it would be during normal
use. If it isn’t, you might have to
readjust these levels during the middle
of the set.
6. Adjust the channel’s TRIM control so
that the display on the right LED
meter stays around “0” and never goes
higher than “+7.”
7. If you’d like to apply some EQ, do so now
and return to step 6.
8. Disengage that channel’s SOLO switch.
9. Repeat for each of channels 1
through 4.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Part No. 0006980-90 Rev. A1 6/03
©2003 Mackie Designs Inc. All Rights Reserved.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Here’s how to get going
right away, assuming you own a
microphone and a keyboard:
Plug your microphone into channel 1’s MIC
input.
Turn on the 1202-VLZ PRO.
Perform the Level-Setting Procedure .
Connect cords from the MAIN OUTS (XLR, 1⁄4" or
RCA, your choice) to your amplifier.
Hook up speakers to the amp and turn it on.
Turn up the 1202-VLZ PRO’s channel 1 GAIN
knob to the center detent and the MAIN MIX
knob one quarter of the way up.
Sing like a canary!
Plug your keyboard into stereo channel 5-6.
Turn that channel’s GAIN knob to the center
detent.
Play like a madman and sing like a canary!
It’s your first mix!
Please write your serial number here for
future reference (i.e. insurance claims,
tech support, return authorization, etc.):
Purchased at:
Date of Purchase:
3
INTRODUCTION
Thank you for choosing a Mackie Designs
professional compact mixer. The 1202-VLZ PRO
is equipped with our new precision-engineered
XDRTM Extended Dynamic Range premium
studio-grade mic preamp featuring:
• Full gain range from 0 to 60dB
• +22 dBu line signal handling capability
• 130 dB dynamic range
• Distortion less than 0.0007%, 20Hz to 20kHz
• Bullet-proof RF rejection using DC pulse
transformer circuitry
Now that you have your 1202-VLZ PRO, find
out how to get the most from it. That’s where
this manual comes in.
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
Since many of you folks will want to hook up
your 1202-VLZ PRO immediately, the first pages
you will encounter after the table of contents
are the ever popular hookup diagrams. These
show typical mixer setups for Record/Mixdown,
Video, Disc Jockey and Stereo PA. After this
section is a detailed tour of the entire mixer.
Every feature of the 1202-VLZ PRO is described
“geographically;” in other words, in order of where
it is physically placed on the mixer’s top or rear
panel. These descriptions are divided into the first
three manual chapters, just as your mixer is
organized into three distinct zones:
1. PATCHBAY: The patchbay along the top
and back.
2. CHANNEL STRIP: The eight channel
strips on the left.
3. OUTPUT SECTION: The output section on
the right.
MIC
1
MIC
XD R
MIC
4
MIC
MIC
3
MIC
MIC
2
MIC
XD R
PRE
XD R
PRE
XD R
PRE
RIGHT
LEFT/MONO
PRE
1
This icon will lead you to
in-depth explanations of
features and practical tips.
While not mandatory, they
usually have some valuable
nugget of information.
A PLUG FOR THE CONNECTORS SECTION
Appendix
is a section on connectors:
XLR connectors, balanced connectors, unbalanced connectors, special hybrid connectors.
More resources on our website @
www.mackie.com
THE GLOSSARY: A Haven of Non-Techiness For
The Neophyte
BAL/UNBAL
ALL BAL/UNBAL
1
Throughout these chapters you’ll find illustrations, with each feature numbered. If you’re
curious about a feature, simply locate it on the
appropriate illustration, notice the number
attached to it, and find that number in the
nearby paragraphs.
You’ll also find cross-references to these
numbered features within a paragraph. For instance, if you see “To wire your own cables:
,” simply find that number in the manual
and you’ve found your answer.
Finally, you’ll notice feature numbers like
this: . These numbers direct you to relevant
information.
This icon marks information that is critically
important or unique to the
1202-VLZ PRO. For your
own good, read them and remember them. They will be on the final test.
L
L
LEFT
RIGHT
2
The "Glossary of Terms" is a fairly comprehensive dictionary of pro-audio terms. If terms
like “clipping,” “noise floor,” or “unbalanced”
leave you blank, refer to this glossary for a
quick explanation.
R
2
R
LOW CUT
75 Hz
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
C GAIN
MI
U
C GAIN
MI
U
C GAIN
MI
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
C GAIN
MI
U
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
AUX
1
U
L
L
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
+15
+15
OO
EQ
U
80Hz
-15
-12
+12
-15
+15
PAN
L
CHANNEL STRIPS
LOW
LOW
LOW
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
L
2
1
MUTE
L
R
L
R
PAN
L
R
R
11 12
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
MUTE
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
4
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
U
OO
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
+20dB
GAIN
7
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
2
ALT 3–4
0
2
PAN
9 10
78
56
4
3
L
R
10
+15
-15
+15
PAN
PAN
L
R
-15
+15
-15
+15
PAN
PAN
PAN
R
-15
+15
OUTPUT
SECTION
ASSIGN
TO MAIN MIX
+20dB
GAIN
4
TAPE
U
OO
CLIP
4
LOW
-15
28
MAIN MIX
+12
LOW
+15
0dB=0dBu
U
U
LOW
-15
LEFT RIGHT
MID
-12
+12
-12
+12
U
U
+20
OO
AUX
RETURN
POWER
CONTROL
ROOM
SOURCE
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
-12
+12
MID
MID
MID
2.5kHz
-12
+12
U
LOW
+15
L
R
-12
+12
U
U
LOW
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
2.5kHz
-12
U
U
U
U
MID
MID
MID
MID
2.5kHz
+12
-12
+15
ARCANE MYSTERIES ILLUMINATED
2
EFX TO
MONITOR
HI
12kHz
-15
NORMALLED
U
PRE
POST
EQ
U
HI
12kHz
+15
1
+20
OO
AUX 1
SELECT
+15
OO
EQ
U
-15
+15
U
U
+15
OO
HI
12kHz
-15
EFX
EFX
EQ
U
HI
12kHz
+15
-15
+15
+15
OO
EQ
U
HI
12kHz
-15
U
U
U
+15
OO
EQ
U
HI
12kHz
+15
-15
+15
+15
OO
EQ
U
HI
12kHz
-15
+15
+15
OO
EQ
U
HI
12kHz
-15
2
2
2
+10
OO
AUX 1 MASTER
U
EFX
EFX
EFX
U
U
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
U
2
2
2
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
U
PHONES
LINE IN 11-12
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
U
EFX
EFX
LINE IN 9-10
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
U
2
2
R
R
R
LINE IN 7-8
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
U
EFX
OO
+15
OO
U
LINE IN 5-6
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
U
TRIM
AUX
1
U
MONO
L
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
AUX
1
U
MON/
EFX
+15
OO
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
MAIN OUT
BAL
OR
UNBAL
R
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TAPE
OUTPUT
MONO
MONO
MONO
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
U
AUX SEND
TAPE
INPUT
PATCHBAY
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
STEREO AUX RETURN
LINE IN 4
LINE IN 3
LINE IN 2
LINE IN 1
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
7
10
20
30
RUDE
SOLO
LIGHT
U
OO
U
MAX
CTL ROOM /SUBMIX
OO
+10dB
MAIN MIX
LEVEL
SET
"Arcane Mysteries" discusses some of the
down ’n’ dirty practical realities of
microphones, fixed installations, grounding,
and balanced versus unbalanced lines. It’s a
goldmine for the neophyte and even the seasoned pro might learn a thing or two.
CONTENTS
LEVEL-SETTING PROCEDURE ..................................... 3
OUTPUT SECTION DESCRIPTION ............................ 21
HOOKUP DIAGRAMS .............................................. 6
1202-VLZ PRO PATCHBAY DESCRIPTION ............ 10
MAIN MIX ..................................................... 21
VLZ MIX ARCHITECTURE ................................ 21
MIC INPUTS ................................................... 10
PHANTOM POWER ........................................ 10
SOURCE MATRIX ............................................ 21
CONTROL ROOM / SUBMIX .......................... 22
LINE INPUTS .................................................. 10
LOW CUT ....................................................... 11
PRE-FADER SOLO (PFL) .................................. 22
RUDE SOLO LIGHT .......................................... 23
TRIM ............................................................. 11
STEREO LINE INPUTS ...................................... 12
ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX ................................... 23
METERS ......................................................... 23
EFFECTS: SERIAL OR PARALLEL? ..................... 12
CHANNEL INSERT .......................................... 13
AUX TALK ...................................................... 24
AUX 1 PRE/POST SELECT ............................... 24
AUX RETURNS ............................................... 13
TAPE INPUT ................................................... 14
AUX 1 MASTER .............................................. 24
AUX RETURNS ............................................... 25
XLR MAIN OUTS ............................................ 14
XLR MAIN OUTPUT LEVEL SWITCH ................. 15
EFX TO MONITOR .......................................... 25
JACK NORMALLING ....................................... 25
1⁄4" MAIN OUTS
............................................. 15
TAPE OUTPUT ................................................ 15
MODIFICATIONS ................................................ 25
1202-VLZ PRO BLOCK DIAGRAM ....................... 26
PHONES ......................................................... 16
ALT 3–4 OUTPUT .......................................... 16
GAIN STRUCTURE DIAGRAM ................................. 27
SPECIFICATIONS .................................................... 28
CONTROL ROOM ............................................ 16
AUX SEND 1 & 2 ............................................ 16
SERVICE INFO ....................................................... 29
APPENDIX A: CONNECTIONS ...................................... 30
POWER CONNECTION .................................... 17
FUSE .............................................................. 17
TRACK SHEET ............................................................. 33
COLOPHON ................................................................ 34
POWER SWITCH ............................................ 17
PHANTOM SWITCH ........................................ 17
1202-VLZ PRO LIMITED WARRANTY ....................... 35
CHANNEL STRIP DESCRIPTION .............................. 18
“U” LIKE UNITY GAIN .................................... 18
GAIN ............................................................. 18
PRE-FADER SOLO ........................................... 18
MUTE/ALT 3-4 ............................................... 18
PAN ............................................................... 19
CONSTANT LOUDNESS ! ! ! .............................. 19
3-BAND EQ .................................................... 19
AUX SEND ..................................................... 20
5
HOOKUP DIAGRAMS
4-track Recorder
out (play)
in (record)
IMPORTANT:
ALL Channel Insert
plugs are inserted
to the SECOND click.
Guitar Effects
3
4
L
7 MONO
out
4
in
Mono Processor
out
L
1
R
2
Mono in / stereo out
Reverb
L
R
12 R
R
L
R
IN-TAPE-OUT
L
AUX
OUT
MONO
L
11 MONO
Digital Delay
in
out
1
L
2
R
L
R
OUT
PHONES
in
(record)
3
L
10 R
2-track Mixdown Deck
out
2-track Mixdown Deck (play)
2
ALT 3/4
OUT
9
INPUTS
8 R
MAIN
OUT
6
R
CHANNEL
L
5 MONO
AUX RETURNS
2
Keyboard or other line-level input
1
CHANNEL INSERTS
1
CNTRL ROOM
OUTPUTS
MAIN
OUT
Power
Amplifier
FULL SYMMETRY DUAL DIFFERENTIAL HIGH CURRENT DESIGN
CH
CH
1
2
Studio Monitors
1202-VLZ PRO 4-Tk Record/2-Tk Mix
6
in
Compressor
in
out
V/O Mic
Keyboard or other
line-level input
1
2
3
4
8 R
R
Audio out
R
L
L
11 MONO
12 R
L
R
*Note: Aux Return #2
can be used as an
extra stereo input
R
L
R
1
L
2
Multi Effect Processor
in
R
L
R
OUT
in
CNTRL ROOM
OUTPUTS
R
L
Mackie Designs: Video Setup
scene #1 _ 23:94:10 Time Base
2
PHONES
L out
R
L
IN-TAPE-OUT
SMPTE Control
R
Time Code DAT
R
L
MONO
10 R
CD Player
L
1
AUX
OUT
9
L
4
Power
Amplifier
MAIN
OUT
Video Deck #3
AUX RETURNS
L
MONO
INPUTS
Audio out
3
L
MONO
6 R
7
L
2
ALT 3/4
OUT
R
Video Deck #2
5
CHANNEL
L Audio out
MAIN
OUT
Video Deck #1
1
CHANNEL INSERTS
1
FULL SYMMETRY DUAL DIFFERENTIAL HIGH CURRENT DESIGN
CH
CH
1
2
Studio Monitors
Multi - VCR Video Switcher
with time code interface
(optional)
Master Video Deck
1202-VLZ PRO Video Setup
7
out
MORE HOOKUP DIAGRAMS
1
2
Phono
Preamps
3
RIAA
4
7
L
MONO
8 R
R
CD Player
L out
9
INPUTS
L out
CHANNEL
6 R
CD Player
MONO
R
L
R
2
Note: Aux Return #2 can
be used as an extra stereo input
L
Triggered Lights
1
Multi Effect
Processor
org
2
R
R
L
L
Stereo EQ
OUT
CNTRL ROOM
OUTPUTS
in
(record)
R
PHONES
out
(play)
L
1
ALT 3/4
OUT
L
IN-TAPE-OUT
2-Track
Deck
4
MAIN
OUT
R
L
11 MONO
12 R
MAIN
OUT
out
3
R
R
in
Power
Amplifier
FULL SYMMETRY DUAL DIFFERENTIAL HIGH CURRENT DESIGN
CH
CH
1
2
Left PA Speaker
People Dancing
1202-VLZ PRO DJ Setup
8
Stereo Compressor
L
10 R
L Sampler
2
L
MONO
AUX RETURNS
5
RIAA
in
out
in
out
1
CHANNEL INSERTS
1
AUX
OUT
Turntable
Right PA Speaker
Vocal Mics
1
2
Line out
from
Bass Amp
3
3
Bass Effects
4
in
out
in
out
1
CHANNEL INSERTS
1
2
3
org
9
INPUTS
8 R
org
AUX RETURNS
L
MONO
L
1
R
2
L
R
L
MONO
10 R
L
11 MONO
Multi Effect
Processor
1
2
L
Power Amp
Mono EQ
R
R
CH
CH
1
2
L
R
Stereo EQ
OUT
red
Power
Amplifier
MAIN
OUT
CNTRL ROOM
OUTPUTS
in
(record)
L
PHONES
out
(play)
R
IN-TAPE-OUT
2-Track
Deck
L
MAIN
OUT
FULL SYMMETRY DUAL DIFFERENTIAL HIGH CURRENT DESIGN
Stage Monitors
;;;
12 R
AUX
OUT
7
Keyboard or other
line level input
ALT 3/4
OUT
Drum
Machine
R
CHANNEL
6
L
MONO
Mono Compressor
in
out
4
Stereo Guitar Effects
5
Stereo Compressor
red
This setup can be easily reconfigured to become
a Mono PA setup.
A. Stereo sources should feed the left mono
side of channel input only.
B. Pan each channel hard left.
C. Connect Mono PA system to
Left main output.
FULL SYMMETRY DUAL DIFFERENTIAL HIGH CURRENT DESIGN
CH
CH
1
2
Left PA Speaker
Right PA Speaker
1202-VLZ PRO Stereo PA
9
1202-VLZ PRO PATCHBAY DESCRIPTION
At the risk of stating the obvious, this is
where you plug everything in: microphones,
line-level instruments and effects, headphones, and the ultimate destination for your
sound: a tape recorder, PA system, etc.
MIC INPUTS (Channels 1–4)
We use phantom-powered, balanced
microphone inputs just like the big studio
mega-consoles, for exactly the same reason:
This kind of circuit is excellent at rejecting
hum and noise. You can plug in almost any
kind of mic that has a standard XLR-type male
mic connector. To learn how signals are
routed from these inputs: . If you wire your
own, connect them like this:
2
SHIELD
HOT
1
3
COLD
SHIELD
1
COLD 3
HOT
2
COLD
2
HOT
Pin 1 = Ground or shield
Pin 2 = Positive (+ or hot)
Pin 3 = Negative (– or cold)
Professional ribbon, dynamic, and condenser mics will all sound excellent through
these inputs. The 1202-VLZ PRO’s mic inputs
will handle any kind of mic level you can toss
at them, without overloading. Be sure to perform the Level-Setting Procedure: .
MIC 1
MIC PR
XDR
E
MIC 2
MIC PR
XDR
E
Most modern professional condenser mics
are equipped for Phantom Power, which lets
the mixer send low-current DC voltage to the
mic’s electronics through the same wires that
carry audio. (Semipro condenser mics often
have batteries to accomplish the same thing.)
“Phantom” owes its name to an ability to be
“unseen” by dynamic mics (Shure SM57/SM58,
for instance), which don’t need external power
and aren’t affected by it anyway.
The 1202-VLZ PRO’s phantom power is globally controlled by the PHANTOM switch on the
rear panel . (This means the phantom power
for channels 1-4 is turned on and off together.)
Never plug single-ended
(unbalanced) microphones or instruments into
the MIC input jacks if the
PHANTOM power is on.
Do not plug instrument outputs into the
MIC input jacks with PHANTOM power on
unless you know for certain it is safe to do so.
LINE INPUTS (Channels 1–4)
SHIELD
1
3
PHANTOM POWER
MIC 3
MIC PR
XDR
E
MIC 4
MIC PR
XDR
E
These four line inputs share circuitry (but
not phantom power) with the mic preamps,
and can be driven by balanced or unbalanced
sources at almost any level. You can use these
inputs for virtually any signal you’ll come
across, from instrument levels as low as –40dB
to operating levels of –10dBV to +4dBu, since
there is 40dB more gain available than on
channels 5–12. To learn how signals are
routed from these inputs: .
RIGHT
LEFT/MONO
BAL/UNBAL
ALL BAL/UNBAL
1
1
L
L
LEFT
2
RIGHT
R
2
R
LINE IN 1
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
10
LINE IN 2
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
LINE IN 3
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
LINE IN 4
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
STEREO AUX RETURN
AUX SEND
TAPE
INPUT
TAPE
OUTPUT
MAIN OUT
MONO
MONO
MONO
MONO
L
L
L
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
R
R
R
R
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
LINE IN 5-6
LINE IN 7-8
LINE IN 9-10
LINE IN 11-12
To connect balanced lines to these inputs,
use a 1⁄4" Tip-Ring-Sleeve (TRS) plug, the type
found on stereo headphones:
Another way to consider
LOW CUT’s function is that it
actually adds flexibility during 0
live performances. With the
addition of LOW CUT, you can
safely use LOW equalization on
Low Cut with Low EQ
vocals. Many times, bass
shelving EQ can really benefit
voices. Trouble is, adding LOW EQ also boosts
stage rumble, mic handling clunks and breath
pops. LOW CUT removes all those problems so
you can add low EQ without losing a woofer.
Here’s what the combination of LOW EQ
and LOW CUT looks like in terms of
frequency curves.
+15
+10
+5
–5
RING SLEEVE
SLEEVE RING TIP
–10
–15
TIP
20Hz
RING
TIP
SLEEVE
Tip = Positive (+ or hot)
Ring = Negative (– or cold)
Sleeve = Shield or ground
To connect unbalanced lines to these
inputs, use a 1⁄4" mono (TS) phone plug or
standard instrument cable:
SLEEVE
SLEEVE
TIP
TIP
TIP
Tip = Signal
SLEEVE
Sleeve = Ground
LINE IN inputs 1–4 are a good place to connect older instruments that need more gain.
You can correct weak levels by adjusting the
corresponding channel’s TRIM control .
LOW CUT (Channels 1–4)
The LOW CUT switch, often referred to as a
High Pass Filter (all depends on how you look
at it), cuts bass frequencies below 75Hz at a
rate of 18dB per octave.
We recommend that you use LOW CUT on
every microphone application except kick
drum, bass guitar, bassy synth patches, or
recordings of earthquakes. These aside, there
isn’t much down there that you want to hear,
and filtering it out makes the low stuff you do
want much more crisp and tasty. Not only that,
but LOW CUT can help reduce the possibility
of feedback in live situations and it helps to
conserve the amplifier power.
100Hz
1kHz
TRIM (Channels 1–4)
If you haven’t already, please read the LevelSetting Procedure .
TRIM adjusts the input sensitivity of the mic
and line inputs connected to channels 1
through 4. This allows signals from the outside
world to be adjusted to optimal internal operating levels.
If the signal originates through the XLR
jack, there will be 0dB of gain with the knob
fully down, ramping to 60dB of gain fully up.
Through the 1⁄4" input, there is 15dB of
attenuation fully down and 45dB of gain fully
up, with a “U” (unity gain) mark at 10:00. This
15dB of attenuation can be very handy when
you are inserting a signal that is very hot, or
when you want to add a lot of EQ gain, or both.
Without this “virtual pad,” a scenario like that
might lead to channel clipping.
+15
+10
+5
0
–5
–10
–15
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
Low Cut
11
10kHz 20kHz
MIC 1
MIC 4
MIC 3
MIC 2
MIC PR
XDR
E
MIC PR
XDR
E
MIC PR
XDR
E
MIC PR
XDR
E
RIGHT
LEFT/MONO
BAL/UNBAL
ALL BAL/UNBAL
1
1
L
L
LEFT
2
RIGHT
R
2
R
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
STEREO AUX RETURN
LINE IN 4
LINE IN 3
LINE IN 2
LINE IN 1
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
AUX SEND
TAPE
INPUT
TAPE
OUTPUT
MAIN OUT
MONO
MONO
MONO
MONO
L
L
L
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
R
R
R
R
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
LINE IN 5-6
LINE IN 7-8
STEREO LINE INPUTS
(Channels 5–6, 7–8, 9–10 and 11–12)
These fully balanced inputs are designed for
stereo or mono, balanced or unbalanced signals, from –10dBV to +4dBu. They can be used
with just about any professional or semipro
instrument, effect or tape player. To learn how
signals are routed from these inputs: . To
wire your own cables: .
In the stereo audio world, an odd-numbered
channel usually receives the “left signal.” For
example, you would feed the 1202-VLZ PRO’s line
inputs 5-6 a stereo signal by inserting the device’s
left output plug into the channel 5 jack, and its
right output plug into the channel 6 jack.
When connecting a mono device (just one
cord), always use the LEFT (MONO) input
(LINE IN jacks 5, 7, 9 or 11) and plug nothing
into the RIGHT input (LINE IN jacks 6, 8, 10 or
12)— this way the signal will appear on both
sides. This trick is called “jack normalling” .
LINE IN 9-10
LINE IN 11-12
EFFECTS: SERIAL OR
PARALLEL?
The next two sections toss
the terms “serial” and “parallel” around like hacky sacks.
Here’s what we mean by them.
“Serial” means that the entire signal is
routed through the effects device. Examples:
compressor/limiters, graphic equalizers. Linelevel sources can be patched through a serial
effects device before or after the mixer, or preferably through the insert jacks located on the
rear panel (CHANNEL INSERT send/return).
“Parallel” means that a portion of the signal
in the mixer is tapped off to the device (AUX
SEND), processed and returned to the mixer
(STEREO AUX RETURN) to be mixed with the
original “dry” signal. This way, multiple channels can all make use of the same effects
device. Examples: reverb, digital delay. (See
diagrams below.)
Serial device
Insert
Send
Insert
Return
Signal Processor
(e.g., Compressor)
Dry Signal
Processed
Signal
Parallel device
Aux
Send
Aux
Return
Signal Processor
(e.g., Reverb)
Output
Section
Wet Signal
Mix
Stage
Channel Path
Dry Signal(s)
12
PHONES
Dry Signal(s)
Processed
Signal
CHANNEL INSERT
(Channels 1–4 )
AUX RETURNS
These jacks, on the back
of the 1202-VLZ PRO, are
where you connect serial effects such as compressors, equalizers,
de-essers, or filters . Since most people don’t
have more than a few of these gadgets, we’ve
included inserts for just the first four channels. If you want to use this kind of processing
on channels 5 through 12, simply patch
through the processor before you plug into the
1202-VLZ PRO.
The CHANNEL INSERT points are after the
TRIM and LOW CUT controls, but before the
channel’s EQ and GAIN controls. The send
(tip) is low-impedance (120 ohms), capable of
driving any line-level device. The return (ring)
is high-impedance (over 2.5k ohms) and can
be driven by almost any device.
Insert cables must be wired thusly:
tip
SEND to processor
ring
sleeve
(TRS plug)
This plug connects to one of the
mixer’s Channel Insert jacks.
“tip”
“ring”
RETURN from processor
Tip = Send (output to effects device)
Ring = Return (input from effects device)
Sleeve = Common ground (connect shield to
all three sleeves)
Besides being used for inserting external
devices, these jacks can also be used as channel direct outputs; post-TRIM, post-LOW CUT,
and pre EQ. In fact, Mackie mic preamps have
become so famous that people buy these mixers just to have four of these preamps in their
arsenal. Here’s three ways you can use the
CHANNEL INSERT jacks:
MONO PLUG
Channel Insert jack
This is where you connect the outputs of
your parallel effects devices (or extra audio
sources). These balanced inputs are similar to
the stereo LINE IN inputs (without EQ, Aux
Sends, Pan, Mute, and Solo). The circuits will
handle stereo or mono, balanced or unbalanced
signals, either instrument level, –10dBV or
+4dBu. They can be used with just about any
pro or semipro effects device on the market.
To learn how signals are routed from these
inputs, see .
One Device: If you have
just one parallel effects
device, use STEREO AUX
RETURN 1 and leave STEREO AUX RETURN 2
unplugged. That way, the unused AUX RETURN 2 level control can be used to feed
AUX RETURN 1 to your stage monitors, via
the EFX TO MONITOR switch .
Mono Device: If you have an effects device with a mono output (one cord), plug
that into STEREO AUX RETURN 1, LEFT/
MONO, and leave AUX RETURN 1, RIGHT,
unplugged. That way the signal will be sent
to both sides, magically appearing in the
center as a mono signal. This won’t work
with AUX RETURN 2 — you’ll need a Y-cord.
R ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT
NOT REMOVE COVER.
G TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.
MANUFACTURING DATE
SERIAL NUMBER
OUVRIR
ECHANGE DE MÊME TYPE.
REMPLACER LE FUSIBLE
MIC RANGE MIC PREAMPLIFIERS ARE PROPRIETARY TO MACKIE DESIGNS, INC.
CHANNEL INSERTS
( PRE-FADER / PRE EQ TIP SEND / RING RETURN )
4
3
2
1
N WOODINVILLE, WA, USA
RADEMARKS OR REGISTERED TRADEMARKS
D THE "RUNNING MAN" FIGURE • PATENT PENDING
Direct out with no signal interruption to master.
Insert only to first “click.”
MONO PLUG
Channel Insert jack
Direct out with signal interruption to master.
Insert all the way in to the second “click.”
STEREO
PLUG
Channel Insert jack
For use as an effects loop.
(TIP = SEND to effect, RING = RETURN from effect.)
13
MIC 1
MIC PR
XDR
E
MIC 2
MIC PR
XDR
E
MIC 3
MIC PR
XDR
E
MIC 4
MIC PR
XDR
E
RIGHT
LEFT/MONO
BAL/UNBAL
ALL BAL/UNBAL
1
1
L
L
LEFT
2
RIGHT
R
2
R
LINE IN 1
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
LINE IN 2
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
LINE IN 3
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
STEREO AUX RETURN
LINE IN 4
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
TAPE
OUTPUT
TAPE
INPUT
MAIN OUT
MONO
MONO
MONO
L
L
L
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
R
R
R
R
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
LINE IN 5-6
TAPE INPUT
These RCA jacks are designed to work with
semipro as well as pro recorders. To compensate for typically low levels, signals coming in
here will be automatically boosted by 6dB.
Connect your tape recorder’s outputs here,
using standard hi-fi (RCA) cables. To learn how
signals are routed from these inputs, see .
SLEEVE TIP SLEEVE TIP
Use these jacks for convenient tape playback of your mixes. You’ll be able to review a
mix and then rewind and try another pass
without repatching or disturbing the mixer levels. You can also use these jacks with a
portable tape or CD player to feed music to a
PA system between sets.
WARNING: Engaging
both the TAPE and
ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
buttons in the CONTROL
ROOM SOURCE matrix
can create a feedback path between TAPE
INPUT and TAPE OUTPUT. Make sure your
tape deck is not in record, record-pause, or
input monitor mode when you engage these
switches, or make sure the CONTROL
ROOM / SUBMIX level knob is fully counterclockwise (off).
14
AUX SEND
MONO
LINE IN 7-8
LINE IN 9-10
PHONES
LINE IN 11-12
Outputs? The 1202-VLZ PRO has plenty of
’em: XLR main outputs, 1⁄4" MAIN OUTS, RCA
TAPE OUTPUT, PHONES, CONTROL ROOM
and AUX SEND 1 and 2. Let’s take a peek.
XLR MAIN OUTS
These low-impedance outputs are fully balanced and capable of driving +4dBu lines with
up to 28dB of headroom. This output is 6dB
hotter than other outputs. To learn how signals are routed to these outputs: .
To use these outputs, wire the XLR
(balanced only) connectors like this:
2
SHIELD
HOT
COLD
SHIELD
COLD 3
HOT
1
3
2
SHIELD
COLD
2
Pin 1 = Ground
Pin 2 = Positive (+ or hot)
Pin 3 = Negative (– or cold)
1
3
1
HOT
XLR MAIN OUTPUT LEVEL SWITCH
Engaging the MAIN OUTPUT LEVEL switch
pads the balanced XLR main outputs by 30dB,
so you can feed the microphone input of, say,
another mixer.
You can safely connect this output into an
input that provides 48V phantom power.
1⁄ 4"
For most music recording and PA applications, unbalanced lines are perfectly
acceptable. To use these outputs to drive unbalanced inputs, connect 1⁄4" TS (Tip-Sleeve)
phone plugs like this:
SLEEVE
SLEEVE
TIP
TIP
TIP
MAIN OUTS
These 1⁄4" jacks are balanced outputs capable of delivering 22dBu into a 600 ohm
balanced or unbalanced load. (Okay, we admit
it, that was a pretty technical sentence. See
the Glossary and Connections appendices if
you want to decode it.)
To learn how signals are routed to these 1⁄4"
outputs: .
To use these outputs to drive balanced inputs, connect 1⁄4" TRS (Tip-Ring-Sleeve)
phone plugs like this:
RING SLEEVE
SLEEVE RING TIP
TIP
RING
TIP
SLEEVE
Tip = + (hot)
Sleeve = Ground
TAPE OUTPUT
These unbalanced RCA connections tap the
main output to make simultaneous recording
and PA work more convenient. Connect these
to your recorder’s inputs. To learn how signals
are routed to these outputs: .
Mono Out: If you want to feed a mono signal
to your tape deck or other device, simply use
an RCA Y-cord to combine these outputs
(Radio Shack® #274-511, for instance). Do not
attempt this with any other outputs on the
1202-VLZ PRO.
SLEEVE TIP SLEEVE TIP
SLEEVE
Tip = + (hot)
Ring = – (cold)
Sleeve = Ground
POWER
ON
PHANTOM
ON
1202-VLZPRO
12-CHANNEL MIC/LINE MIXER
WITH PREMIUM XDR TM MIC PREAMPLIFIERS
MAIN
RIGHT
MAIN
LEFT
BALANCED
BALANCED
+4
MIC
120 VAC 50/60 Hz 25W
500mA/250V SLO-BLO
CAUTION:
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF
FIRE REPLACE WITH SAME
TYPE .5A-250V FUSE
MAIN
OUTPUT
LEVEL
15
MIC 1
MIC PR
XDR
E
MIC 2
MIC PR
XDR
E
MIC 3
MIC PR
XDR
E
MIC 4
RIGHT
LEFT/MONO
MIC PR
XDR
E
BAL/UNBAL
ALL BAL/UNBAL
1
1
L
L
LEFT
2
RIGHT
R
2
R
LINE IN 1
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
LINE IN 2
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
LINE IN 3
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
STEREO AUX RETURN
LINE IN 4
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
-10dBV
IC
U M
GAIN
AUX SEND
TAPE
INPUT
TAPE
OUTPUT
MAIN OUT
MONO
MONO
MONO
MONO
L
L
L
L
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
BAL
OR
UNBAL
R
R
R
R
60
0
+15dB -45dB
TRIM
LINE IN 5-6
PHONES
LINE IN 7-8
LINE IN 9-10
LINE IN 11-12
PHONES
ALT 3–4 OUTPUT
The 1202-VLZ PRO’s stereo PHONES jack
will drive any standard headphone to very loud
levels. Walkperson-type phones can also be
used with an appropriate adapter. To learn
how signals are routed to these outputs: . If
you’re wiring your own cable for the PHONES
output, follow standard conventions:
RING SLEEVE
SLEEVE RIGHT LEFT
TIP
RIGHT
These 1⁄4" jacks are balanced outputs capable
of delivering 22dBu into a balanced or unbalanced load. To learn how signals are routed to
these outputs: . To wire your own cables: .
CONTROL ROOM
These 1⁄4" jacks are balanced outputs
capable of delivering 22dBu into a 600 ohm
balanced or unbalanced load. To learn how
signals are routed to these outputs: . To
wire your own cables: .
LEFT
SLEEVE
Tip = Left channel
Ring = Right channel
Sleeve = Common ground
WARNING: When we say
the headphone amp is
loud, we’re not kidding. It
can cause permanent ear
damage. Even intermediate levels may be painfully loud with some
earphones. BE CAREFUL!
Always turn the CTL ROOM/ SUBMIX knob
all the way down before connecting headphones. Keep it down until you’ve put the
phones on. Then turn it up slowly. Why? “Engineers who fry their ears find themselves with
short careers.”
16
AUX SEND 1&2
These 1⁄4" jacks are also balanced outputs
capable of delivering 22dBu into a 600 ohm
balanced or unbalanced load. To learn how
signals are routed to these outputs: . To
wire your own cables: .
POWER CONNECTION
FUSE
Just in case you lose the cord provided with
the 1202-VLZ PRO, its power jack accepts a
standard 3-prong IEC cord like those found on
most professional recorders, musical instruments, and computers.
At the other end of our cord is — get this
— a plug! Not a black cube or, as we’re fond of
calling them, a “wall wart.” We did this for
some very good reasons:
The 1202-VLZ PRO has sophisticated power
requirements that a wall wart cannot provide.
Wall warts are inconvenient, fragile, radiate
huge hum fields, hog extra jacks on your
power strip and get in the way. If you lose a
wall wart, you’re in trouble, but if you lose the
1202-VLZ PRO’s power cord, you can get a new
one at any electronics, music, or computer
store. You can even buy them at Radio Shack®
(part # 278-1257). Can you tell that we hate
wall warts?
Plug the 1202-VLZ PRO into any standard
grounded AC outlet or into a power strip of
proper voltage.
WARNING: Disconnecting
the plug’s ground pin can
be dangerous. Please
don’t do it.
POWER
ON
PHANTOM
ON
The 1202-VLZ PRO is fused for your (and its
own) protection. If you suspect a blown fuse,
disconnect the cord, pull the fuse drawer out
(located just below the cord receptacle) and
replace the fuse with a 500mA (0.5 amps) SLO
BLO 5x20mm, available at electronics stores or
your dealer (or a 250mA SLO BLO 5x20mm if
your 1202-VLZ PRO is a 220V–240V unit).
If two fuses blow in a row, something is very
wrong. Please call our toll-free number
1-800-258-6883 from within the U.S. (or the distributor in your country) and find out what to do.
POWER SWITCH
If this one isn’t self-explanatory, we give up.
You can leave this switch on all the time; the
1202-VLZ PRO is conservatively designed, so
heat buildup isn’t a problem even in 24-hour-aday operation. There’s nothing that will burn
out or get used up.
You may notice that the 1202-VLZ PRO feels
quite warm in the upper-right corner. This is
perfectly normal.
(“Perfectly normal.” Is that redundant?)
PHANTOM SWITCH
The PHANTOM power switch controls the
phantom power supply for condenser microphones plugged into channels 1-4 MIC inputs
as discussed at the start of this section .
When turned on (or off), the phantom power
circuitry takes a few moments for voltage to
ramp up (or down). This is also perfectly normal.
CAUTION
MAIN
RIGHT
MAIN
LEFT
BALANCED
BALANCED
WARNING:
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT
EXPOSE THIS EQUIPMENT TO RAIN OR MOISTURE. DO NOT REMOVE COVER.
NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
1202-VLZPRO
12-CHANNEL MIC/LINE MIXER
WITH PREMIUM XDR TM MIC PREAMPLIFIERS
UTILISE UN FUSIBLE DE RECHANGE DE MÊME TYPE.
DEBRANCHER AVANT DE REMPLACER LE FUSIBLE
REPLACE WITH THE SAME TYPE FUSE AND RATING.
DISCONNECT SUPPLY CORD BEFORE CHANGING FUSE
XDRTM EXTENDED DYNAMIC RANGE MIC PREAMPLIFIERS ARE PROPRIETARY TO MACKIE DESIGNS, INC.
ALT
OUTPUT
CONTROL
ROOM
BAL/UNBAL
+4
MIC
R
MANUFACTURING DATE
SERIAL NUMBER
AVIS: RISCQUE DE CHOC ÉLECTRIQUE — NE PAS OUVRIR
CHANNEL INSERTS
( PRE-FADER / PRE EQ TIP SEND / RING RETURN )
BAL/UNBAL
L
R/4
L/3
4
3
2
1
120 VAC 50/60 Hz 25W
500mA/250V SLO-BLO
CAUTION:
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF
FIRE REPLACE WITH SAME
TYPE .5A-250V FUSE
MAIN
OUTPUT
LEVEL
DESIGNED BY MACKOIDS IN WOODINVILLE, WA, USA
COPYRIGHT ©1998 • THE FOLLOWING ARE TRADEMARKS OR REGISTERED TRADEMARKS
OF MACKIE DESIGN INC.: "MACKIE", "VLZ","XDR" AND THE "RUNNING MAN" FIGURE • PATENT PENDING
17
CHANNEL STRIP DESCRIPTION
The eight channel strips look alike, and
function identically. The only difference is that
the four on the left are for individual mics or
mono instruments and have more gain available, while the next four are for either stereo
or mono line-level sources. (Each of the stereo
channel strips is actually two complete circuits. The controls are linked together to
preserve stereo.) We’ll start at the bottom and
work our way up…
“U” LIKE UNITY GAIN
Mackie mixers have a
“U” symbol on almost every
level control. This “U”
stands for “unity gain,”
meaning no change in signal level. Once you
have adjusted the input signal to line-level ,
you can set every control at
U
“U” and your signals will
AUX
travel through the mixer at
1
MON/
EFX
optimal levels. What’s
OO
+15
more, all the labels on our
U
level controls are measured
2
in decibels (dB), so you’ll
EFX
know what you’re doing
OO
+15
level-wise if you choose to
U
EQ
change a control’s settings.
HI
You won’t have to check
12kHz
it
here
and check it there,
-15
+15
as you would with some
U
other mixers. In fact, some
MID
2.5kHz
don’t even have any refer-12
+12
ence to actual dB levels at
U
all! Ever seen those “0–10”
LOW
fader markings? We call
80Hz
these AUMs (Arbitrary
-15
+15
Units of Measurement),
PAN
and they mean nothing in
the real world. You were
smart — you bought a
L R
Mackie.
1
MUTE
ALT 3-4
PRE FADER
SOLO
U
OO
+20dB
GAIN
18
GAIN
The rotary GAIN knob controls the channel’s
level… from off to unity gain at the detent, on
up to 20dB of additional gain. The GAIN knob is
the equivalent of a channel fader. Channels 1
through 4 use mono controls, and channels 5
through 12 use stereo controls, and may feel
slightly different. Not a problem.
PRE-FADER SOLO
This lovable switch allows you to hear signals through your headphones or control room
without having to route them to the MAIN
MIX or ALT 3-4 mix. You don’t even have to
have the channel’s GAIN knob turned up.
Folks use solo in live work to preview channels
before they are let into the mix, or to just
check out what a particular channel is up to
anytime during a session. You can solo as many
channels at a time as you like.
Solo is also the key player in the LevelSetting Procedure .
Soloed channels are sent to the SOURCE
mix , which ultimately feeds your CONTROL
ROOM, PHONES and meter display. Whenever SOLO is engaged, all SOURCE selections
(MAIN MIX, ALT 3-4 and TAPE) are defeated,
to allow the soloed signal to do just that — solo!
WARNING: PRE-FADER
SOLO taps the channel
signal before the GAIN
knob. If you have a
channel’s GAIN knob set
below “U” (unity gain), SOLO won’t know
that and will send a unity gain signal to the
CONTROL ROOM, PHONES and meter display. That may result in a startling level
boost at these outputs.
MUTE/ALT 3–4
The dual-purpose MUTE/ALT 3–4 bus is a
Mackie signature. When Greg was designing
our first product, he had to include a MUTE
switch for each channel. MUTE switches do
just what they sound like they do. They turn
off the signal by “routing” it into oblivion. “Gee,
what a waste,” Greg reasoned. “Why not have
the mute button route the signal somewhere
else useful… like a separate stereo bus?” So
MUTE/ALT 3–4 really serves two functions —
muting (often used during a mixdown or live
show), and signal routing (for multitrack and
live work) where it acts as an extra stereo bus.
To use this as a MUTE switch, all you have to
do is not use the ALT 3–4 outputs. Then, whenever you assign a channel to these unused
outputs, you’ll also be disconnecting it from the
MAIN MIX, effectively muting the channel.
To use this as an ALT 3–4 switch, all you
have to do is connect the ALT 3–4 outputs to
whatever destination you desire. Two popular
examples:
When doing multitrack recording, use the
ALT 3–4 outputs to feed your multitrack. With
most decks, you can mult the ALT 3–4 outputs,
using Y-cords or mults, to feed multiple tracks.
So, take ALT OUTPUT L and send it to tracks
1, 3, 5 and 7, and ALT OUTPUT R and send it
to tracks 2, 4, 6 and 8. Now, tracks that are in
Record or Input modes will hear the ALT 3–4
signals, and tracks in Playback or Safe modes
will ignore them.
When doing live sound or mixdown, it’s often
handy to control the level of several channels
with one knob. That’s called subgrouping. Simply assign these channels to the ALT 3–4 mix,
engage ALT 3–4 in the SOURCE matrix, and the
signals will appear at the CONTROL ROOM
and PHONES outputs. If you want the ALT 3–4
signals to go back into the MAIN MIX, engage
the ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX switch , and the
CONTROL ROOM/SUBMIX level control becomes the one knob to control the levels of all
channels assigned to ALT 3–4.
Another way to do the same thing is assign
the channels to the ALT 3–4 mix, then patch
out of the ALT OUTPUT L and R back into an
unused stereo channel (5–6, 7–8, 9–10 or
11–12). If that’s your choice, don’t ever engage
the MUTE/ALT 3–4 switch on that stereo channel, or you’ll have every dog in the
neighborhood howling at your feedback loop.
Another benefit of the ALT 3–4 feature is
that it can act as a “SIP” (Solo-In-Place): just
engage a channel's MUTE/ALT 3–4 switch and
the ALT 3–4 switch in the SOURCE matrix
and you’ll get that channel, all by itself, in the
CONTROL ROOM and PHONES.
MUTE/ALT 3–4 is one of those controls that
can bewilder newcomers, so take your time and
play around with it. Once you’ve got it down,
you’ll probably think of a hundred uses for it!
PAN
PAN adjusts the amount of channel signal
sent to the left versus the right outputs. On
mono channels (ch. 1–4 or 5–12 with connections to the L input only) these controls
act as pan pots. On stereo channels (5–12)
with stereo connections to L and R inputs, the
PAN knob works like the balance control on
your home stereo.
PAN determines the fate of the MAIN MIX
(1–2) and ALT 3–4 mix. With the PAN knob
hard left, the signal will feed either MAIN OUT
L (bus 1) or ALT OUTPUT L (bus 3), depending
on the position of the ALT 3–4 switch. With the
knob hard right, the signal feeds MAIN OUT R
(bus 2) or ALT OUTPUT R (bus 4).
CONSTANT
LOUDNESS ! ! !
The 1202-VLZ PRO’s
PAN controls employ a design called “Constant
Loudness.” It has nothing to do with living
next to a freeway. As you turn the PAN knob
from left to right (thereby causing the sound
to move from the left to the center to the
right), the sound will appear to remain at the
same volume (or loudness).
If you have a channel panned hard left (or
right) and reading 0dB, it must dip down
about 4dB on the left (or right) when panned
center. To do otherwise (the way Brand X compact mixers do) would make the sound appear
much louder when panned center.
3-BAND EQ
The 1202-VLZ PRO has 3band equalization at carefully
selected points — LOW
shelving at 80Hz, MID peaking at 2.5kHz, and HI
shelving at 12kHz. “Shelving” means that the
circuitry boosts or cuts all frequencies past the
specified frequency. For example, rotating the
1202-VLZ PRO’s LOW EQ knob 15dB to the
right boosts bass starting at 80Hz and continuing down to the lowest note you never heard.
“Peaking” means that certain frequencies form a
“hill” around the center frequency — 2.5kHz in
the case of the MID EQ.
19
LOW EQ
This control gives you up to 15dB boost or
cut at 80Hz. The circuit is flat (no boost or
cut) at the center detent position. This frequency represents the punch in bass drums,
bass guitar, fat synth patches, and some really
serious male singers.
Used in conjunction with the
LOW CUT switch , you can boost
the LOW EQ without injecting a
ton of subsonic debris into the mix.
+15
+10
+5
0
–5
MID EQ
–10
–15
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
Low EQ
+15
+10
+5
0
–5
–10
–15
20Hz
100Hz
Low EQ with Low Cut
+15
+10
Short for “midrange,” this knob
provides 12dB of boost or cut, centered at 2.5kHz, also flat at the
center detent. Midrange EQ is
often thought of as the most dynamic, because the frequencies
that define any particular sound
are almost always found in this
range. You can create many interesting and useful EQ changes by
turning this knob down as well as
up.
HI EQ
+5
0
This control gives you up to 15dB
boost or cut at 12kHz, and it is also
flat at the detent. Use it to add
sizzle to cymbals, and an overall
sense of transparency, or edge to
keyboards, vocals, guitar and bacon
frying. Turn it down a little to reduce sibilance, or to hide tape hiss.
–5
–10
–15
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
Mid EQ
+15
+10
+5
0
Moderation during EQ
–5
–10
–15
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
Hi EQ
With EQ, you can also screw
things up royally. We’ve designed a
lot of boost and cut into each
equalizer circuit, because we know everyone
will occasionally need that. But if you max the
EQs on every channel, you’ll get mix mush.
Equalize subtly and use the left sides of the
knobs (cut), as well as the right (boost). Very
few gold-record-album engineers ever use
10kHz 20kHz
GAIN
(FADER)
INPUT
TRIM
LO CUT
INSERT
PAN
EQ
more than about 3dB of EQ. If you need more
than that, there’s usually a better way to get it,
such as placing a mic differently (or using a
different kind of mic entirely).
AUX SEND
These tap a portion of each channel signal
out to another source for parallel effects processing or stage monitoring. AUX send levels
are controlled by the channel’s AUX 1 and AUX
2 knobs and by the AUX 1 MASTER .
These are more than just effects and monitor sends. They can be used to generate
separate mixes for recording or “mix-minuses”
for broadcast. By using AUX 1 in the PRE
mode , these mix levels can be obtained independently of the channel’s GAIN control.
AUX 1 in post mode and AUX 2 are postLOW CUT, post-EQ and post-GAIN. That is,
the sends obey the settings of these controls.
AUX 1 in PRE mode follows the EQ and LOW
CUT settings only. PAN and GAIN have no effect on the PRE send (see diagram below).
Each AUX send level ranges from off through
unity (the center detent position) on up to
15dB of extra gain (when turned fully clockwise). Chances are you’ll never need this extra
gain, but it’s nice to know it’s there if you do.
Channel 5–12 AUX pots control the mono
sum of the channel’s stereo signals for each
AUX send. For instance, channel 5 (L) and 6
(R) mix together to feed that channel’s AUX
send knobs.
We recommend going into a stereo reverb
in mono and returning in stereo. We have
found that on most “stereo” reverbs the second input just ties up an extra AUX send and
adds nothing to the sound. There are exceptions, so feel free to try it both ways. If your
effects device is true stereo all the way
through, use AUX 1 to feed its left input and
AUX 2 to feed the right input.
Still with us? Good for you. Here come the
tricky parts, where the mixing is really done.
MAIN / ALT
"POST" SIGNAL OBEYS
MUTE STATUS
AUX 2 KNOB
“Pre vs. Post”
Signal Flow Diagram
TO AUX SEND 2 LEVEL
"POST" SIGNAL
"PRE" SIGNAL
AUX 1 KNOB
TO AUX SEND 1 LEVEL
AUX SEND 1 PRE/POST SWITCH
(IN MASTER SECTION)
20
OUTPUT SECTION DESCRIPTION
MAIN MIX
As the name implies, this knob controls the
levels of signals sent to the main outputs: XLR
LEFT and RIGHT , 1⁄4" MAIN OUTS and RCA
TAPE OUTPUT . All channels and AUX RETURNS that are not muted or turned fully down
will wind up in the MAIN MIX.
Fully counterclockwise is off, the center detent
is unity gain, and fully clockwise provides 10dB
additional gain. This additional gain will typically
never be needed, but once again, it’s nice to know
it’s there. This is the knob to turn down at the end
of the song when you want The Great Fade-Out.
VLZ MIX ARCHITECTURE
When designing a mixing circuit, the lowest noise and best
crosstalk specs are achieved by
using Very Low Impedance
(VLZ). To implement VLZ in a mixer, the power supply must be able to deliver plenty of current to the
circuitry. That’s why those “wall wart” mixers are often noisy–they can’t power a VLZ circuit.
At Mackie, audio quality is much more important
than the price of wall warts. All of our mixers employ
VLZ and built-in power supplies that deliver more
than enough current, resulting in sonic specifications
that rival consoles upwards of $50,000!
Selections made in the SOURCE matrix deliver
stereo signals to the CONTROL ROOM, PHONES
and meter display. With no switches engaged,
there will be no signal at these outputs and no
meter indication.
The exception to that is the SOLO function .
Regardless of the SOURCE matrix selection,
engaging a channel’s SOLO switch will replace
that selection with the SOLO signal, also sent
to the CONTROL ROOM, PHONES and right
meter (the left meter becomes inactive). This
is what makes the Level-Setting Procedure
so easy to do.
WARNING: Engaging
both the TAPE and
ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
buttons in the SOURCE
matrix can create a feedback path between TAPE INPUT and TAPE
OUTPUT. Make sure your tape deck is not
in record, record-pause, or input monitor
mode when you engage these switches, or
make sure the CONTROL ROOM / SUBMIX
level knob is fully counterclockwise (off).
+10
OO
SOURCE MATRIX
Typically, the engineer sends the MAIN MIX to
an audience (if live) or a mixdown deck (if recording). But what if the engineer needs to hear
something other than the MAIN MIX? With the
New Improved 1202-VLZ PRO, the engineer has
several choices of what to listen to. This is one of
those tricky parts, so buckle up.
Via the SOURCE switches, you can choose to
listen to any combination of MAIN MIX, ALT 3-4
and TAPE. By now, you probably know what the
MAIN MIX is. ALT 3-4 is that additional stereo mix
bus . TAPE is the stereo signal coming in from
the TAPE INPUT RCA jacks .
U
U
1
+20
OO
AUX 1 MASTER
NORMALLED
U
2
PRE
POST
AUX 1
SELECT
EFX TO
MONITOR
+20
OO
AUX
RETURN
POWER
CONTROL
ROOM
SOURCE
LEFT RIGHT
0dB=0dBu
28
CLIP
10
7
MAIN MIX
4
2
ALT 3 – 4
0
2
4
TAPE
7
LEVEL
SET
10
20
30
ASSIGN
TO MAIN MIX
RUDE
SOLO
LIGHT
U
OO
U
MAX
CTL ROOM /SUBMIX
OO
+10dB
MAIN MIX
21
Now you know how to select the signals you
want to send to the engineer’s control room or
phones. From there, these signals all pass
through the same level control:
CONTROL ROOM/SUBMIX
This knob controls the levels of both the
stereo CONTROL ROOM outputs and
PHONES outputs . The control range is from
off through unity gain at the detent, with 10dB
of extra gain (when turned fully clockwise).
When MAIN MIX is your SOURCE selection, those signals will now pass through two
level controls on the way to your control room
amp and phones — the MAIN MIX knob and
this CONTROL ROOM / SUBMIX knob. This
way, you can send a nice healthy level to the
MAIN OUTS (MAIN MIX knob at “U”), and a
quiet level to the control room or phones
(CONTROL ROOM / SUBMIX knob wherever
you like it).
When ALT 3-4 or TAPE is selected, or SOLO
is engaged, CONTROL ROOM / SUBMIX knob
will be the only one controlling these levels
(channel controls not withstanding).
Whatever your selection, you can also use
the CONTROL ROOM outputs for other applications. Its sound quality is just as impeccable
as the MAIN OUTS. It can be used as additional MAIN MIX output, which may sound
silly since there are already three, but this one
has its own level control. However, should you
do something like this, be sure that you do not
engage a SOLO switch, as that will interrupt
your SOURCE selection.
PRE-FADER SOLO (PFL)
Engaging a channel’s SOLO switch will
cause this dramatic turn of events: Any existing SOURCE matrix selections will be replaced
by the SOLO signal, appearing at the CONTROL ROOM outputs, PHONES outputs, and
at the right meter. The audible SOLO levels
are then controlled by the CONTROL ROOM /
SUBMIX knob. The SOLO levels appearing on
the right meter display are not controlled by
anything — you wouldn’t want that. You want
to see the actual channel level on the meter
display regardless of how loud you’re listening.
“PRE-FADER” SOLO means that the channel
signal is being tapped before the channel’s
GAIN knob (not really a fader in this case, but
we were afraid you’d laugh if we called it PreKnob Solo). It does, however, obey TRIM, LOW
CUT and EQ settings, making it the perfect tool
for quick inspections of suspect channels. The
channel’s PAN and MUTE/ALT 3-4 settings have
no effect on the SOLO signal.
Note: For stereo channels 5-12, the solo signal
is the mono sum of the left (odd-numbered)
and right (even-numbered) signals for that
channel strip.
WARNING: PRE-FADER
SOLO taps the channel
signal before the GAIN
knob. If you have a
channel’s GAIN knob set
below “U” (unity gain), SOLO won’t know
that, and will send a unity gain signal to
the CONTROL ROOM, PHONES and meter
display. That may result in a startling level
boost at these outputs.
U
U
+10
OO
1
+20
OO
AUX 1 MASTER
NORMALLED
U
2
PRE
POST
AUX 1
SELECT
EFX TO
MONITOR
+20
OO
AUX
RETURN
POWER
CONTROL
ROOM
SOURCE
LEFT RIGHT
0dB=0dBu
28
7
MAIN MIX
4
2
ALT 3 – 4
0
2
4
TAPE
7
10
20
30
ASSIGN
TO MAIN MIX
RUDE
SOLO
LIGHT
U
OO
U
MAX
CTL ROOM /SUBMIX
22
CLIP
10
OO
+10dB
MAIN MIX
LEVEL
SET
RUDE SOLO LIGHT
This flashing Light Emitting Diode serves
two purposes — to remind you that at least one
channel is in SOLO, and to let you know that
you’re mixing on a Mackie. No other company
is so concerned about your level of SOLO awareness. If you work on a mixer that has a solo
function with no indicator lights, and you happen
to forget you’re in solo, you can easily be
tricked into thinking that something is wrong
with your mixer. Hence the RUDE SOLO
LIGHT. It’s especially handy at about 3AM
when no sound is coming out of your monitors
but your multitrack is playing back like mad.
ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
Let’s say you’re doing a live show. Intermission is nearing and you’ll want to play a
soothing CD for the crowd to prevent them
from becoming antsy. Then you think, “But I
have the CD player plugged into the TAPE
inputs, and that never gets to the MAIN
OUTS!” Oh, but it does. Simply engage this
switch and your SOURCE matrix selection,
after going through the CONTROL ROOM /
SUBMIX knob, will feed into the MAIN MIX,
just as if it were another stereo channel.
Another handy use for this switch is to enable the ALT 3-4 mix to become a submix of
the MAIN MIX , using the CONTROL
ROOM/SUBMIX knob as its level control.
Side effects: (1) Engaging this switch will
also feed any soloed channels into the MAIN
MIX, which may be the last thing you want. (2)
If you have MAIN MIX as your SOURCE matrix
selection and then engage ASSIGN TO MAIN
MIX, the MAIN MIX lines to the SOURCE matrix will be interrupted to prevent feedback.
Then again, why on earth would anyone want
to assign the MAIN MIX to the MAIN MIX?
METERS – MANY DISPLAYS IN ONE!
The 1202-VLZ PRO’s peak metering system
is made up of two columns of twelve LEDs. Deceptively simple, considering the multitude of
signals that can be monitored by it.
If nothing is selected in the SOURCE
matrix and no channels are in SOLO, the
METERS will just sit there and do nothing. To
put them to work, you must make a selection in the SOURCE matrix (or engage a
SOLO switch).
Why? You want the meter display to reflect
what the engineer is listening to, and as we’ve
covered, the engineer is listening either to the
CONTROL ROOM outputs or the PHONES
outputs. The only difference is that while the
listening levels are controlled by the CONTROL
ROOM / SUBMIX knob, the meters read the
SOURCE mix before that control, giving you
the real facts at all times, even if you’re not
listening at all.
Thanks to the 1202-VLZ PRO’s wide dynamic range, you can get a good mix with
peaks flashing anywhere between –20 and
+10dB on the METERS. Most amplifiers clip at
about +10dB, and some recorders aren’t so forgiving either. For best real-world results, try to
keep your peaks between “0” and “+7”.
You may already be an
expert at the world of “+4”
(+4dBu=1.23V) and “–10”
(–10dBV=0.32V) operating
levels. Basically, what makes
a mixer one or the other is the relative 0dB VU
(or 0VU) chosen for the meters. A “+4” mixer,
with a +4dBu signal pouring out the back will
actually read 0VU on its meters. A “–10” mixer,
with a –10dBV signal trickling out, will read,
you guessed it, 0VU on its meters. So when is
0VU actually 0dBu? Right now!
At the risk of creating another standard,
Mackie’s compact mixers address the need of
both crowds by calling things as they are —
0dBu (0.775V) at the output shows as 0dB VU
on the METERS. What could be easier? By the
way, the most wonderful thing about standards
is that there are so many to choose from.
Remember, audio meters are just tools to
help assure you that your levels are “in the
ballpark.” You don’t have to stare at them
(unless you want to).
23
AUX 1 SELECT (MON/PRE or POST)
AUX TALK
First of all, there is no
particular alliance between
AUX SEND 1 (or 2) and AUX
RETURN 1 (or 2). They’re
just numbers. They’re like two complete
strangers, both named Fred.
Sends are outputs, returns are inputs. The
AUX knob taps the signal off the channel
and sends it to the AUX SEND outputs . The
AUX 1 signal is sent to the AUX 1 MASTER
knob before going to the AUX SEND 1 output
and the AUX 2 signal goes directly to the AUX
SEND 2 output.
These outputs are fed to the inputs of a reverb or other device. From there, the outputs of
this external device are fed back to the mixer’s
AUX RETURN jacks . Then these signals are
sent through the AUX RETURN level controls,
and finally delivered to the MAIN MIX.
So, the original “dry” signals go from the
channels to the MAIN MIX and the affected
“wet” signals go from the AUX RETURN to the
MAIN MIX, and once mixed together, the dry
and wet signals combine to create a glorious
sound. So, armed with this knowledge, let’s
visit the Auxiliary World:
U
U
+10
OO
1
+20
OO
AUX 1 MASTER
NORMALLED
U
2
PRE
POST
AUX 1
SELECT
EFX TO
MONITOR
+20
OO
AUX
RETURN
POWER
CONTROL
ROOM
SOURCE
LEFT RIGHT
0dB=0dBu
28
CLIP
10
7
MAIN MIX
4
2
ALT 3 – 4
0
2
4
TAPE
7
10
20
30
ASSIGN
TO MAIN MIX
RUDE
SOLO
LIGHT
U
OO
U
MAX
CTL ROOM /SUBMIX
24
OO
+10dB
MAIN MIX
LEVEL
SET
Besides being used to work effects into your
mix, Aux Sends serve another critical role —
that of delivering cue mixes to stage monitors,
so musicians can hear what they’re doing. On
the 1202-VLZ PRO, AUX SEND 1 can play either role, depending on the position of this
switch.
With the AUX 1 SELECT switch up (disengaged), AUX SEND 1 will tap a channel
pre-fader (GAIN) and pre-MUTE/ALT 3-4,
meaning that no matter how you manipulate
those controls as they feed the MAIN MIX, the
AUX SEND will continue to belt out that
channel’s signal. This is the preferred method
for setting up stage monitor feeds. EQ settings
will affect all AUX SENDs.
With the switch down, the AUX SEND 1
becomes an ordinary effects send — postfader (GAIN) and post-MUTE/ALT 3-4. This
is a must for effects sends, since you want the
levels of your “wet” signals to follow the level
of the “dry.”
AUX 1 MASTER
The AUX 1 MASTER provides overall level
control of AUX SEND 1, just before it’s delivered to the AUX SEND 1 output. (AUX SEND
2 has no such control.) This knob goes from off
(turned fully down), to unity gain at the center detent, with 10dB of extra gain (turned
fully up). As with some other level controls,
you may never need the additional gain, but if
you ever do, you’ll be glad you bought a Mackie.
This is usually the knob you turn up when
the lead singer glares at you, points at his
stage monitor, and sticks his thumb up in the
air. (It would follow suit that if the singer
stuck his thumb down, you’d turn the knob
down… but that never happens.)
AUX RETURNS
These two controls set the overall level of
effects received from STEREO AUX RETURN inputs 1 and 2 . These controls are designed to
handle a wide range of signal levels, from off, to
unity gain at the detent, with 20dB gain fully
clockwise, to compensate for low-level effects.
Typically, these knobs can just live at the
center detent, and the effects device’s output
control should be set at whatever they call
unity gain (check their manual). If that turns
out to be too loud or too quiet, adjust the effects device’s outputs, not the mixer. That way,
the mixer’s knobs are easy to relocate at the
center detent.
Signals passing through the AUX RETURN
level controls will proceed directly to MAIN
MIX , with one exception (see next paragraph). The AUX RETURNs do not have
MUTE/ALT 3-4 switches, so if you want these
signals to get to the ALT 3-4 mix, you’ll have to
patch the effects device’s outputs into one of
the stereo channels , and MUTE/ALT those
channels.
EFX TO MONITOR
The idea behind the EFX TO MONITOR
switch is simple. If you want to add reverb or
delay to the stage monitor mixes, this is the
switch for you. The implementation leading up
to the switch is the tricky part:
With the switch up, AUX RETURN 1 and 2
behave normally — they deliver their signals
into the MAIN MIX. With the switch down,
AUX RETURN 1 still behaves normally, but
AUX RETURN 2 will feed AUX SEND 1
instead of the MAIN MIX.
Still with us? Good. So far, with the switch
down, we have AUX RETURN 1 feeding the
MAIN MIX and AUX RETURN 2 feeding AUX
SEND 1. Now, suppose you only have one effects device, and you want it to feed both the
MAIN MIX and AUX SEND 1. That’s where
“jack normalling” comes in.
JACK NORMALLING
Jack normalling (not to be confused with
Jack Normalling, Chicago Cubs utility infielder,
1952-61, .267 LBA) is a feature found on almost every mixer, keyboard and effects device.
These jacks have special spring-loaded pins
that connect to the signal pins, but when
something is plugged into the jack, that
connection is broken.
These normalling pins can be used in all
sorts of ways. The ubiquitous phrase “LEFT
(MONO)” means that if you plug a signal into
the LEFT side and have nothing in the RIGHT
side, that signal is also fed to the right input,
courtesy of jack normalling. As soon as you
plug something in the RIGHT side, that
normalled connection is broken.
How does all this relate to the EFX TO
MONITOR switch? AUX RETURN 1’s inputs
are normalled to AUX RETURN 2. If you have
one effects device, plug it into AUX RETURN 1.
Plug nothing into AUX RETURN 2. Now the
signals feeding the AUX RETURN 1 inputs will
also be sent to the AUX RETURN 2 inputs.
Engage the EFX TO MONITOR switch, and
now the AUX RETURN 2 knob will become an
additional AUX SEND 1 knob for the signal at
AUX RETURN 1 . Say that ten times! Once
again, AUX RETURN 1 will behave normally,
as always.
Congratulations! You’ve just read about all
the features of your 1202-VLZ PRO. You’re
probably ready for a cold one. Go ahead. The
rest of the manual can wait.
MODIFICATIONS
For most folks, the 1202-VLZ PRO works just
fine the way it is. But for special applications,
there are three signal routing changes that can
be performed easily on the 1202-VLZ PRO. Easy
for someone with soldering experience, that is.
If you don’t know how to solder, find a technician that can. This is NOT a good place to learn!
• Modification A changes AUX SEND 2 to be
pre-fader, pre-mute instead of post-fader,
post-mute.
• Mod B changes AUX SEND 1 (in post
mode) and AUX SEND 2 to receive signal
regardless of the channel’s MUTE/ALT
switch position, but still be post-fader
(GAIN knob).
• Mod C changes the SOURCE matrix’s
MAIN MIX selection to tap the stereo
signal before the MAIN MIX level control
(pre) instead of after (post).
Instructions for performing these modifications
can be found on our website at www.mackie.com
(click on Support). Or you can call Tech Support
at 1-800-258-6883 for assistance.
25
LINE IN
MIC IN
1
3
2
TRIM
26
LINE IN R
LO CUT
80
LO
80
LO
R IN
AUX RETURN 2
L IN
R IN
MID
HI
3-BAND EQ
80 2K5 12K
LO
HI
HI
2K5 12K
MID
2K5 12K
MID
3-BAND EQ
AUX RETURN 1
L IN
(MONO)
MONO CHANNEL
(1 OF 4)
75Hz
HPF
INSERT
GAIN
GAIN
GAIN
EFX TO MONITOR
GAIN
AUX 1
AUX 2
SOLO (PFL)
PAN
MAIN / ALT
AUX
SENDS
MAIN / ALT
SOLO (PFL)
PAN
ALT R
ALT L
MAIN R
MAIN L
STEREO CHANNEL
(1 OF 4)
LINE IN L
PHANTOM POWER
ALT
AUX 1
PRE / POST
AUX MIX
ALT OUT R
ALT OUT L
METERING
(0dBu = 0VU)
30dB PAD
AUX SEND 2
AUX 1 LEVEL
AUX SEND 1
PHONES OUT
SOLO
RELAY
CONTROL ROOM &
PHONES MIX
RUDE SOLO LED
SOURCE
SOLO MIX
MAIN
LEVEL
ASSIGN TO MAIN
MAIN
TAPE IN
+6dB
L
TAPE
R
ALT MIX
MAIN MIX
3
2
3
2
TAPE OUT R
LINE OUT R
BAL OUT R
BAL OUT L
CONTROL ROOM OUT
RIGHT
LEFT
CONTROL ROOM &
PHONES LEVEL
22
10
7
4
2
0
2
4
7
10
20
30
1
1
LINE OUT L
TAPE OUT L
1202-VLZ PRO BLOCK DIAGRAM
LOGIC
SOLO
AUX SEND 2 POST
AUX SEND 1 POST
AUX SEND 1 PRE
MACKIE MS1202-VLZ PRO
BLOCK DIAGRAM
1/99
LINE IN, Channels 5-12
Unity gain
+22dBu max in
LINE IN, Channels 1-4
45dB gain, TRIM up
15dB loss, TRIM down
+22dBu max in
MIC IN, Channels 1-4
60dB gain, TRIM up
0dB gain, TRIM down
+22dBu max in
0dB
0dB
0dB
to 'A'
to 'A'
to 'A'
'A'
EQ
-12dB down
MID
+12dB up
From 'B'
0dB
+10dB up
PAN
AUX SEND
Channel AUX SEND AUX MIX
OUTPUT
0dB
OUTPUT
0dB
+22dBu max out
Master AUX SEND
+10dB up
to 'C' 'C'
+22dBu max out
-4dB center
CONTROL ROOM / PHONES
+15dB up
SOURCE Matrix
TAPE IN 6dB Boost
'D' MAIN MIX, ALT 3-4
GAIN
'B'
C-R/PHONES MIX C-R/PHONES LEVEL
CHANNEL
-15dB down
HIGH
+15db up
+16dBu max TAPE IN
-15dB down
LOW
+15dB up
+20dB up
MIX
LEVEL
MAIN MIX
INPUT
+22dBu max in
+10dB up
AUX RETURN
LEVEL
+20dB up
OUTPUTS
0dB
to 'C'
-30dB XLR OUT, PAD engaged
+6dB XLR OUT
to 'D'
0dB 1/4" Out and RCA Tape Out
+28dBu max out (XLR)
+22dBu max out (1/4" & RCA)
GAIN STRUCTURE DIAGRAM
27
SPECIFICATIONS
Main Mix Noise
Common Mode Rejection (CMR)
20Hz–20kHz bandwidth, 1/4" Main out, channels 1–4 Trim @
unity gain, channel EQs flat, all channels assigned to Main Mix,
channels 1 and 3 Pan left, 2 and 4 Pan right.
Mic in to Insert Send out, max gain
Main Mix knob down, channel Gain knobs down:
–100dBu
Main Mix knob unity, channel Gain knobs down:
–86.5dBu
(90dB Signal to Noise Ratio, ref +4dBu)
Main Mix knob @ unity, channel Gain knobs @ unity:
–84.5dBu
Total Harmonic Distortion (THD)
0.0007%
Attenuation (Crosstalk)
1kHz relative to 0dBu, 20Hz–20kHz bandwidth,
Line in, 1⁄4" Main Out, Trim @ unity
Main Mix knob down:
Channel Alt / Mute switch engaged:
Channel Gain knob down:
–85dBu
–84dBu
–83dBu
Frequency Response
Any input to any output
20Hz to 60kHz:
20Hz to 100kHz:
better than –90dB
Maximum Levels
Mic in:
Tape in:
All other inputs:
Main Mix XLR out:
All other outputs:
+22dBu
+16dBu
+22dBu
+28dBu
+22dBu
Impedances
1kHz @ +14dBu, 20Hz–20kHz.
Mic pre @ insert :
1kHz:
+0dB/–1dB
+0dB/–3dB
Equivalent Input Noise (EIN)
Mic in:
Channel Insert return:
All other inputs:
Tape out:
All other outputs:
1.3 kilohms
2.5 kilohms
10 kilohms or greater
1.1 kilohms
120 ohms
EQ
±15db @ 12kHz
±12dB @ 2.5kHz
±15db @ 80Hz
High Shelving
Mid Peaking
Low Shelving
Power Consumption
120VAC, 50/60Hz, 25 watts
Weight
Mic in to Insert Send out, max gain
150 ohm termination:
6 lbs 8 oz. (3 kg)
–129.5dBm unweighted
Dimensions
11.8" x 11.2" x 2.6" (300mm x 284mm 66mm)
6 rack
spaces
Mackie Designs is always striving to improve our
mixers by incorporating new and improved materials, components and manufacturing methods.
Because we’re always trying to make things better,
we reserve the right to change these specifications
at any time, without notice.
with optional rack ears (RM1202-VLZ)
11.8" (300mm)
11.2" — 6 rack spaces
(284mm)
2.6"
(66mm)
11.8" (300mm)
2.6"
(66mm)
1202-VLZ PRO
WEIGHT
6.5 lbs.
(3 kg)
11.2" (284mm)
28
SERVICE INFO
Details concerning Warranty Service are
spelled out on the Warranty Card included
with your mixer (if it’s missing, let us know
and we’ll rush one to you).
If you think your 1202-VLZ PRO has a problem, please do everything you can to confirm
it before calling for service. Doing so might
save you from the deprivation of your mixer
and the associated suffering.
Of all Mackie products returned for service
(which is hardly any at all), roughly 50% are
coded “CND” — Could Not Duplicate, which
usually means the problem lay somewhere other
than the mixer. These may sound obvious to
you, but here’s some things you can check:
TROUBLESHOOTING
Bad Channel
• Is the MUTE/ALT 3–4 switch in the
correct position?
• Is the GAIN knob turned up?
• Try unplugging any INSERT devices
(Channels 1–4 only).
• Try the same source signal in another
channel, set up exactly like the
suspect channel.
Bad Output
• Is the associated level knob (if any) turned up?
• If it’s one of the MAIN OUTS, try unplugging all the others. For example, if it’s the
1⁄4" Left Main out, unplug the RCA and XLR
Left outputs. If the problem goes away, its
not the mixer.
• If it’s a stereo pair, try switching them
around. For example, if a left output is
presumed dead, switch the left and right
cords, at the mixer end. If the problem
switches sides, it’s not the mixer.
Noise
• Turn the channel GAIN and AUX
RETURN knobs down, one by one. If the
sound disappears, it’s either that channel or whatever is plugged into it, so
unplug whatever that is. If the noise
disappears, it’s from your whatever.
Power
• Our favorite question: Is the POWER
switch on?
• Check the fuse .
REPAIR
Service for the U.S. version of the 1202-VLZ
PRO is available only from Mackie Designs, located in sunny Woodinville, Washington.
(Service for mixers living outside the United
States can be obtained through local dealers
or distributors.) If your mixer needs service,
follow these instructions:
1. Review the preceding troubleshooting
suggestions. Please.
2. Call Tech Support at 1-800-258-6883, 9am
to 5pm PST, to explain the problem and
request an RA number. Have your mixer’s
serial number ready. You must have a
Return Authorization number, or we
may refuse the delivery.
3. Set aside the power cord, owner’s manual,
or anything else that you’ll ever want to see
again. We are responsible for the return of
the mixer only.
4. Pack the mixer in its original package,
including endcaps and box. This is VERY
IMPORTANT. When you call for the RA
number, please let Tech Support know if
you need a new box. Mackie is not responsible for any damage that occurs due to
non-factory packaging.
5. Include a legible note stating your name,
shipping address (no P.O. boxes), daytime
phone number, RA number and a detailed
description of the problem, including how
we can duplicate it.
6. Write the RA number in BIG PRINT on top
of the box.
7. Ship the mixer to us. We suggest insurance
for all forms of cartage. Ship to this address:
Mackie Designs
SERVICE DEPARTMENT
16220 Wood-Red Rd. NE
Woodinville, WA 98072
8. We’ll try to fix the mixer within five
business days. Ask Tech Support for
current turn-around times when you call
for your RA number. We normally send
everything back prepaid using three-day
shipping. However, if you rush your mixer
to us by next-day air, we’ll treat it in kind by
shipping it back in the same way in which
it was received. This paragraph does not
necessarily apply to non-warranty service.
29
APPENDIX A: CONNECTIONS
“XLR” CONNECTORS
Mackie mixers use 3-pin female “XLR” connectors on all microphone inputs, with pin 1
wired to the grounded (earthed) shield, pin 2
wired to the “high” (”hot” or positive polarity)
side of the audio signal and pin 3 wired to the
“low” (“cold” or negative polarity) side of the
signal (Figure
2
SHIELD
A). All totally
HOT
aboveboard and
in full accord
1
3
COLD
with the halSHIELD 1
lowed standards
dictated by the
COLD 3 2
AES (Audio
HOT
SHIELD
1
Engineering
3
COLD
Society).
2
HOT
Use a male
Figure A: XLR Connectors
“XLR”-type connector, usually found on the nether end of
what is called a “mic cable,” to connect to a
female XLR jack.
1⁄ 4 "
TRS PHONE PLUGS AND JACKS
• Balanced mono circuits. When wired as a
balanced connector, a 1⁄4" TRS jack or
plug is connected tip to signal high
(hot), ring to signal low (cold), and
sleeve to ground (earth).
• Unbalanced Send/Return circuits. When
wired as send/return “Y” connector, a 1⁄4"
TRS jack or plug is connected tip to signal
send (output from mixer), ring to signal
return (input back into mixer), and sleeve
to ground (earth).
1⁄ 4"
TS PHONE PLUGS AND JACKS
“TS” stands for Tip-Sleeve, the two connections available on a “mono” 1⁄4" phone jack or
plug (Figure C). TS jacks and plugs are used in
many different applications, always unbalanced.
The tip is connected to the audio signal and the
sleeve to ground (earth). Some examples:
• Unbalanced microphones
• Electric guitars and electronic instruments
• Unbalanced line-level connections
SLEEVE
“TRS” stands
RING SLEEVE
SLEEVE RING TIP
for Tip-RingSleeve, the
TIP
three
RING
connections
TIP
available on a
SLEEVE
Figure B: 1⁄4" TRS Plugs
“stereo” 1⁄4" or
“balanced” phone jack or plug. See Figure B.
TRS jacks and plugs are used in several
different applications:
• Stereo Headphones, and rarely, stereo
microphones and stereo line connections.
When wired for stereo, a 1⁄4" TRS jack or
plug is connected tip to left, ring to right and
sleeve to ground (earth). Mackie mixers do
not directly accept 1-plug-type stereo
microphones. They must be separated into a
left cord and a right cord, which are plugged
into the two mic preamps.
You can cook up your own adapter for a
stereo microphone adapter. “Y” two cables
out of a female 1⁄4" TRS jack to two male
XLR plugs, one for the Right signal and
one for the Left.
30
SLEEVE
TIP
TIP
TIP
Figure C: TS Plug
SLEEVE
SWITCHED 1⁄4" PHONE JACKS
Switches can be incorporated into 1⁄4"
phone jacks, which are activated by inserting
the plug. These switches may open an insert
loop in a circuit, change the input routing of
the signal or serve other functions. Mackie
uses switches in the channel insert and bus
insert jacks, input jacks and AUX returns. We
also use these switches to ground the line-level
inputs when nothing is plugged into them.
In most cases, the plug must be inserted fully
to activate the switch. Mackie takes advantage
of this in some circuits, specifying circumstances where you are to insert the plug only
partially. See Special Mackie Connections,
later in this section.
RCA PLUGS AND JACKS
SPECIAL MACKIE CONNECTIONS
RCA-type plugs (also known as phono
plugs) and jacks are often used in home stereo
and video equipment and in many other applications (Figure D). They are unbalanced and
electrically identical to a 1⁄4" TS phone plug or
jack (See Figure C). Connect the signal to the
center post and the ground (earth) or shield
to the surrounding “basket.”
The balanced-to-unbalanced connection has
been anticipated in the wiring of Mackie jacks.
A 1⁄4" TS plug inring
(TRS plug)
tip
sleeve
serted into a 1⁄4"
TRS balanced inThis plug connects to one of the
put, for example,
mixer’s Channel Insert jacks.
will automatically
Figure F
unbalance the input and make all the right connections.
Conversely, a 1⁄4" TRS plug inserted into a 1⁄4"
unbalanced input will automatically tie the ring
(low or cold) to ground (earth).
SLEEVE TIP SLEEVE TIP
Figure D: RCA Plug
UNBALANCING A LINE
TRS Send/Receive Insert Jacks
In most studio, stage and sound reinforcement situations, there is a combination of
balanced and unbalanced inputs and outputs on
the various pieces of equipment. This usually
will not be a problem in making connections.
• When connecting a balanced output to an
unbalanced input, be sure the signal high
(hot) connections are wired to each other,
and that the balanced signal low (cold)
goes to the ground (earth) connection at
the unbalanced input. In most cases, the
balanced ground (earth) will also be
connected to the ground (earth) at the
unbalanced input. If there are ground-loop
problems, this connection may be left
disconnected at the balanced end.
• When connecting an unbalanced output to a
balanced input, be sure that the signal high
(hot) connections are wired to each other.
The unbalanced ground (earth) connection
should be wired to the low (cold) and the
ground (earth) connections of the balanced
input. If there are ground-loop problems, try
connecting the unbalanced ground (earth)
connection only to the input low (cold)
connection, and leaving the input ground
(earth) connection disconnected.
In some cases, you will have to make up
special adapters to interconnect your equipment. For example, you may need a balanced
XLR female connected to an unbalanced 1⁄4"
TS phone plug.
Mackie’s single-jack inserts are the threeconductor, TRS-type 1⁄4" phone. They are
unbalanced, but have both the mixer output
(send) and the mixer input (return) signals in
one connector (See Figure F).
The sleeve is the common ground (earth) for
both signals. The send from the mixer to the
external unit is carried on the tip, and the return from the unit to the mixer is on the ring.
Using the Send Only on an Insert Jack
If you insert a TS (mono) 1⁄4" plug only
partially (to the first click) into a Mackie
insert jack, the plug will not activate the jack
switch and will not open the insert loop in the
circuit (thereby allowing the channel signal to
continue on its merry way through the mixer).
This allows you to tap out the channel or
bus signal at that point in the circuit without
interrupting normal operation.
MONO PLUG
Channel Insert jack
Direct out with no signal interruption to master.
Insert only to first “click.”
MONO PLUG
Channel Insert jack
Direct out with signal interruption to master.
Insert all the way in to the second “click.”
STEREO
PLUG
Channel Insert jack
For use as an effects loop.
(TIP = SEND to effect, RING = RETURN from effect.)
Figure E
31
SEND to processor
“tip”
“ring”
RETURN from processor
If you push the 1⁄4" TS plug in to the second
click, you will open the jack switch and create
a direct out, which does interrupt the signal in
that channel. See Figure E.
NOTE: Do not overload or short-circuit the
signal you are tapping
from the mixer. That will
affect the internal signal.
MACKIE STEREO INPUTS AND RETURNS:
Mono, Stereo, Whatever
A stereo signal, having two plugs, should be
patched into the LEFT (MONO) and the
RIGHT input or return jacks. A jack switch in
the RIGHT jack will disable the mono function, and the signals will show up in stereo.
A mono signal connected to the RIGHT jack
will show up in the right bus only. You probably
will only want to use this sophisticated effect
for special occasions (weddings, bar mitzvahs,
Rush Limbaugh’s birthday party, etc.)
MULTS AND “Y”s
Stereo line inputs and stereo AUX returns
are a fine example of the Mackie philosophy
(which we just made up) of Maximum Flexibility with Minimum Headache. The inputs
and returns will automatically be mono or
stereo, depending upon how you use the jacks.
Here’s how it works:
A mono signal should be patched into the
input or return jack labeled Left (MONO). The
signal will be routed to both the left and right
sides of the return circuit, and will show up in
the center of the stereo pair of buses it’s
assigned to, or it can be “panned” with the
Balance control.
A mult or “Y” connector allows you to route
one output to two or more inputs by simply
providing parallel wiring connections. You can
make “Y”s and mults for the outputs of both
unbalanced and balanced circuits.
Remember: Only mult
or “Y” an output into several inputs. If you need
to combine several outputs into one input, you
must use a mixer, not a mult or a “Y.”
RING (IN)
RING (RETURN)
TIP (OUT)
FROM
PROCESSOR
OUTPUT
TO
PROCESSOR
INPUT
TIP (SEND)
Y-cord insert cable
Y-cord splitter cable
32
RING
(RETURN)
TIP
(SEND)
TO MIXER
CHANNEL INSERT
NOTES:
33
L
L
L
L
EQ
-15
L
OO
U
+15
+15
EQ
-15
L
OO
OO
U
U
+15
+15
+15
EQ
2
EFX
MON/
EFX
-15
L
OO
OO
U
U
+15
+15
+15
-12
+12
-12
+12
-12
+12
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
-15
+15
ALT 3-4
ALT 3-4
+20dB
GAIN
OO
U
+20dB
GAIN
OO
U
+20dB
GAIN
OO
U
+20dB
GAIN
OO
U
+20dB
GAIN
OO
U
+20dB
GAIN
OO
U
+20dB
GAIN
OO
PAN
+20dB
GAIN
OO
U
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
SOLO
U
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
PRE FADER
SOLO
ALT 3-4
PRE FADER
ALT 3-4
SOLO
ALT 3-4
PRE FADER
ALT 3-4
SOLO
ALT 3-4
PRE FADER
MUTE
11 12
R
9 10
R
PAN
SOLO
78
R
PAN
PRE FADER
56
R
PAN
MUTE
4
R
PAN
MUTE
3
R
PAN
MUTE
2
R
PAN
MUTE
PAN
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
80Hz
-15
LOW
U
LOW
U
LOW
U
LOW
U
LOW
U
LOW
U
LOW
LOW
U
2.5kHz
+12
2.5kHz
-12
2.5kHz
+12
2.5kHz
-12
2.5kHz
+12
2.5kHz
-12
2.5kHz
+12
2.5kHz
-12
MID
MID
U
MID
U
MID
U
MID
U
MID
U
MID
U
MID
U
MUTE
ALT 3-4
EQ
2
EFX
MON/
EFX
HI
+15
+15
2
EFX
MON/
EFX
12kHz
U
U
+15
AUX
1
HI
-15
OO
OO
U
12kHz
EQ
2
EFX
MON/
EFX
AUX
1
HI
+15
+15
U
+15
U
12kHz
U
OO
AUX
1
HI
-15
OO
2
EFX
MON/
EFX
U
12kHz
EQ
U
+15
AUX
1
HI
+15
+15
OO
U
12kHz
U
2
EFX
MON/
EFX
AUX
1
LINE IN 11-12
HI
-15
OO
U
+15
U
LINE IN 9-10
R
BAL
OR
UNBAL
L
MONO
12kHz
EQ
OO
AUX
1
LINE IN 7-8
R
BAL
OR
UNBAL
L
MONO
HI
+15
+15
2
EFX
MON/
EFX
U
LINE IN 5-6
R
BAL
OR
UNBAL
L
MONO
12kHz
U
U
+15
AUX
1
TRIM
60
0
+15dB -45dB
R
BAL
OR
UNBAL
L
MONO
Session:
Date:
1202-VLZ PRO
12-CHANNEL MIC/ LINE MIXER
WITH PREMIUM XDRTM MIC PREAMPLIFIERS
HI
-15
OO
OO
U
TRIM
60
0
+15dB -45dB
U
C GAIN
MI
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
d
B
0
-1 V
LINE IN 4
BAL
OR
UNBAL
PRE
MIC
4
MIC
XD R
12kHz
EQ
2
EFX
MON/
EFX
AUX
1
TRIM
60
0
+15dB -45dB
U
C GAIN
MI
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
d
B
0
-1 V
LINE IN 3
BAL
OR
UNBAL
PRE
MIC
3
MIC
XD R
MUTE
R
+15
+12
+15
+15
+15
1
L
U
U
U
U
U
TRIM
60
0
+15dB -45dB
U
C GAIN
MI
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
d
B
0
-1 V
LINE IN 2
BAL
OR
UNBAL
PRE
MIC
2
MIC
XD R
MUTE
-15
-12
-15
OO
OO
U
C GAIN
MI
LOW CUT
75 Hz
18dB/OCT
d
B
0
-1 V
LINE IN 1
BAL
OR
UNBAL
PRE
MIC
1
MIC
XD R
OO
+10
U
MAX
ASSIGN
TO MAIN MIX
TAPE
ALT 3 – 4
MAIN MIX
OO
RIGHT
RIGHT
EFX TO
MONITOR
POWER
CONTROL
ROOM
SOURCE
AUX 1
SELECT
CTL ROOM /SUBMIX
PRE
POST
AUX 1 MASTER
U
2
1
U
U
+20
0dB=0dBu
+10dB
2
LEVEL
SET
CLIP
AUX
RETURN
MAIN MIX
OO
U
RUDE
SOLO
LIGHT
30
20
10
7
4
2
0
2
4
7
10
28
1
L
R
NORMALLED
+20
AUX SEND
2
1
ALL BAL/UNBAL
LEFT RIGHT
OO
OO
STEREO AUX RETURN
LEFT
LEFT/MONO
TAPE
INPUT
TAPE
OUTPUT
R
L
MAIN OUT
BAL/UNBAL
COLOPHON
(Roll credits please) Manual written by Jeff
Gilbert, based on a vignette by Ron Koliha,
with tidbits borrowed from almost everywhere.
Manual then defaced with proofreading pens
in the hands of Mackie’s legendary Tech Support staff. Manual composed on a rinky-dink
PC using a low-budget word processor, then
converted to this amazing piece of work using
a 13-story 1000 gigawhopper Macintosh operated by Mackie’s notorious Advertising staff
(most notably Becky Priebe). Please, feel free
to let us know if you find an error or stumble
over a confusing paragraph. Thank you for
reading the entire manual (we know you have,
or you wouldn’t be here).
Mackie, the "Running Man" figure, VLZ and XDR are trademarks or registered trademarks of
Mackie Designs Inc. Other brand names mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks of
their respective holders and are hereby acknowledged.
© 2003 Mackie Designs Inc.
All Rights Reserved.
34
1202-VLZ PRO LIMITED WARRANTY
Please keep your sales receipt in a safe place.
A. Mackie warrants all materials, workmanship and
proper operation of this product for a period of three
years from the original date of purchase. If any defects are found in the materials or workmanship or if
the product fails to function properly during the applicable warranty period, Mackie, at its option, will
repair or replace the product. Labor for replacing all
potentiometers and switches is covered for the first
year, after which it is excluded from warranty coverage and may be billed to you. This warranty applies
only to equipment sold and delivered within the
U.S. by Mackie or its authorized dealers.
B. Failure to register online or return the product
registration card will not void the 3-year warranty.
C. Service and repairs of Mackie products are to be
performed only at the factory (see D below) OR at an
Authorized Mackie Service Center (see E below).
Unauthorized service, repairs, or modification will
void this warranty.
D. To obtain factory service:
1. Call Mackie at 800/258-6883, 8AM to 5PM
Monday through Friday (Pacific Time) to get a
Return Authorization (RA). Products returned
without an RA number will be refused.
2. Pack the product in its original shipping carton. If you do not have the carton, just ask for
one when you get your RA number, and we’ll
send a shipping carton out promptly. More information on packing can be found in the Service
section of this manual. Do not use “packing peanuts,” shredded newspapers, or other material
with small particles, old underwear, or socks.
Please seal the Mackie product in a plastic bag.
3. Also include a note explaining exactly how to
duplicate the problem, a copy of the sales receipt
with price and date showing, and your return
street address (no P.O. boxes or route numbers,
please!). If we cannot duplicate the problem at
the Mackie Factory or establish the starting date
of your Limited Warranty, we may, at our option,
charge for service time.
4. Ship the product in its original shipping carton, freight prepaid to:
Mackie Designs
Service Department
16220 Wood-Red Rd. NE
Woodinville, WA 98072 USA
IMPORTANT: Make sure that the RA number is
plainly written on the shipping carton.
E. To obtain service from an Authorized Mackie Service Center:
1. Call Mackie at 800/258-6883, 8AM to 5PM
Monday through Friday (Pacific Time) to get:
1) The name and address of your nearest Mackie
Authorized Service Center and 2) A return authorization (RA). You must have an RA number
before taking your unit to a service center.
2. Make sure that you have a copy of your
product’s sales receipt from the store where you
bought the product. It is necessary to establish
purchase date and thus determine whether or
not your product is still under warranty. If you
can’t find it, the Authorized Service Center may
charge you for repairs even if your product is still
covered by Mackie’s 3-Year Limited Warranty.
3. Make sure that the problem can be duplicated. If you bring your product to an Authorized
Service Center and they can’t find anything
wrong with it, you may be charged a service fee.
4. If the Mackie Authorized Service Center is
located in another city, pack the product in its
original shipping carton. More information on
packing can be found in the Service section of
this manual.
5. Contact the Mackie Authorized Service Center
to arrange service or bring the product to them.
F. Mackie and Mackie Authorized Service Centers
reserve the right to inspect any products that may
be the subject of any warranty claims before repair
or replacement is carried out. Mackie and Mackie
Authorized Service Centers may, at their option, require proof of the original date of purchase in the
form of a dated copy of the original dealer’s invoice
or sales receipt. Final determination of warranty coverage lies solely with Mackie Designs Inc. or its
Authorized Service Centers.
G. Any Mackie product deemed eligible for repair or
replacement under the terms of this warranty will be
repaired or replaced within thirty days of receipt by
Mackie. Mackie may use refurbished parts for repair
or replacement of any product. Products returned to
Mackie that do not meet the terms of this Warranty
will be repaired and returned C.O.D. with billing for
labor, materials, return freight, and insurance. Products repaired under warranty at Mackie’s factory will
be returned freight prepaid by Mackie to any location
within the boundaries of the USA.
H. Mackie warrants all repairs performed for 90 days
or for the remainder of the original warranty period.
Mackie assumes no responsibility for the quality or
timeliness of repairs performed by Mackie Authorized
Service Centers.
I. This warranty is extended to the original purchaser
and to anyone who may subsequently purchase this
product within the applicable warranty period.
J. This is your sole warranty. Mackie does not authorize
any third party, including any dealer or sales representative, to assume any liability on behalf of Mackie
Designs or to make any warranty for Mackie Designs.
K. THE WARRANTY GIVEN ON THIS PAGE IS
THE SOLE WARRANTY GIVEN BY MACKIE AND
IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES,
EXPRESS AND IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE
WARRANTY GIVEN ON THIS PAGE SHALL BE
STRICTLY LIMITED IN DURATION TO ONE
YEAR FROM THE DATE OF ORIGINAL PURCHASE FROM AN AUTHORIZED MACKIE
DEALER. UPON EXPIRATION OF THE APPLICABLE WARRANTY PERIOD, MACKIE SHALL
HAVE NO FURTHER WARRANTY OBLIGATION
OF ANY KIND. MACKIE SHALL NOT BE LIABLE
FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES THAT MAY RESULT
FROM ANY DEFECT IN THE MACKIE PRODUCT OR ANY WARRANTY CLAIM. Some states
do not allow exclusion or limitation of incidental,
special, or consequential damages or a limitation
on how long warranties last, so some of the above
limitations and exclusions may not apply to you.
This warranty provides specific legal rights and you
may have other rights which vary from state to state.
35
Mackie Designs Inc.
16220 Wood-Red Road NE • Woodinville, WA 98071 • USA
US and Canada: 800.898.3211
Europe, Asia, Central and South America: 425.487.4333
Middle East and Africa: 31.20.654.4000
Fax: 425.487.4337 • www.mackie.com
E-mail: [email protected]
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