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G. Remote Start/Stop Switch Connections
The control is supplied with a prewired Start/Stop Switch with a normally open "NO"
stop contact. Jumper J6 is factory set to the "NO" position.
WARNING! Disconnect main power when making connections to the drive.
For remote 3-wire Start/Stop Switch with a normally closed "NC" stop contact, connect
the switch as shown in Figure 7A, below. Set Jumper J6 to the "NC" position.
The following information and instructions are to be used as a supplement to the
KBPW-240D Installation and Operation Manual Rev. A (Part No. A40360). The manual
must be read and understood before attempting to operate this control.
Figure 7A
Remote 3-Wire Start/Stop Switch
with Normally Closed Stop Contact
START
The PC board has been upgraded to include provision for normally open or normally
closed stop contacts and to connect an Enable switch. The General Performance
Specifications have not changed.
Jumper J6 (Stop Switch type "NO" or "NC" Selection) and Jumper J7 (Enable
Selection) have been added. Enable terminals have been added to Terminal Block
TB3. Also, Figures 7A and 10A have been added.
STOP
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Figure
Page
7A Remote 3-Wire Start/Stop Switch with Normally Closed Stop Contact ..................8
10A Enable Switch Connection .....................................................................................9
K. Enable Connection
Wire the Enable contact to Terminals "EN1" and "EN2" of Terminal Block TB3 as
shown in Figure 10A, below.
The Enable is used to electronically start and stop the control. When the Enable
contact is closed, the control will accelerate to the Main Speed Potentiometer setting.
When the Enable contact is opened, the control will coast to stop.
Note: The contact must be isolated from the AC line and Jumper J7 must be removed.
Figure 10A
Enable Switch Connection
ENABLE SWITCH
Page 1 of 2
KB Electronics, Inc.
Page 2 of 2
(A42140) - Rev. A00 - 3/22/2005 - Z3570A00
INSTALLATION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
MODEL KBPW-240D
KB Part No. 8401 (Black Case) • Part No. 8402 (White Case)
NEMA 4X, IP-65
PWM DC Motor Speed Control For PM and Shunt Wound Motors
Rated 7.5 Amps DC, 11.5 Amps AC @ 115/230 VAC
ON
STOP
OL
PENTA-DRIVE™
PWM DC MOTOR SPEED CONTROL
50
40
60
70
30
20
80
10
90
0
100
%
FWD
BRK
REV
NEMA-4X / IP-65
START
RUN
STOP
JOG
™
Pending
!
See Safety Warning on Page 2
The information contained in this manual is intended to be accurate. However, the manufacturer retains
the right to make changes in design which may not be included herein.
™
A COMPLETE LINE OF MOTOR DRIVES
© 2000 KB Electronics, Inc.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section
Page
i.
Safety Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
I.
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
II.
Simplified Operating Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
III.
Wiring Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
IV. Setting Selectable Jumpers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
V.
Mounting Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
VI. Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
VII. AC Line Fusing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
VIII. Trimpot Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
IX. Diagnostic LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
X.
Optional Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
XI. Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Tables
1.
Electrical Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2.
General Performance Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3.
Terminal Block Wiring Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4.
Field Connection (Shunt Wound Motors Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5.
Setting Motor Current (SCR & PWM Motor Horsepower Ratings) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Figures
1.
Control Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.
Mechanical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
3.
Power Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4.
Full Voltage Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
5.
Half Voltage Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
6.
Remote Potentiometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
7.
Remote Start/Stop Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
8.
Voltage Following . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
9.
Inhibit Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
10. Enable Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
11. DC Tach-Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
12. Motor Voltage Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
13. Motor Current Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
14. Removing Resistor R35 (for low current selection) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
15. Current Limit Mode Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
16. DC Tach-Generator Voltage Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
17. DC Tach-Generator with Addition of RT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
18. Run Relay Output Mode Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
ii
i.
!
SAFETY WARNING! Please read carefully
This product should be installed and serviced by a qualified technician, electrician, or electrical maintenance person familiar with its operation and the hazards involved. Proper installation, which includes wiring, mounting in proper enclosure, fusing or other overcurrent protection, and grounding can reduce the chance of electrical shocks, fires, or explosion in this
product or products used with this product, such as electric motors, switches, coils, solenoids,
and/or relays. Eye protection must be worn and insulated adjustment tools must be used
when working with control under power. This product is constructed of materials (plastics,
metals, carbon, silicon, etc.) which may be a potential hazard. Proper shielding, grounding,
and filtering of this product can reduce the emission of radio frequency interference (RFI)
which may adversely affect sensitive electronic equipment. If further information is required
on this product, contact the factory. It is the responsibility of the equipment manufacturer and
individual installer to supply this Safety Warning to the ultimate end user of this product. (SW
effective 11/1992.)
This control contains electronic Start/Stop circuits that can be used to start and stop the
control. However these circuits are never to be used as safety disconnects since they are not
fail-safe. Use only the AC line for this purpose.
Be sure to follow all instructions carefully. Fire and/or electrocution can result due to
improper use of this product.
PWM Safety Warning! This control contains a safety circuit which is designed to
prevent full speed runaway in the event the main power transistor fails. However,
this safety circuit is not infallible and may itself fail to operate and therefore allow a full
speed runaway condition to exist. The installer of this product should take proper precautions to include other means to protect the operator or the machine involved (such
as mechanical disconnects, warning notices, etc.).
!
This product complies with all CE directives pertinent at the time of manufacture.
Contact factory for detailed installation and Declaration of Conformity. Installation of
a CE approved RFI filter (KBRF-200A [P/N 9945C] or equivalent) is required. Additional
shielded motor cable and/or AC line cables may be required along with a signal isolator (KBSI240D [P/N 9431] or equivalent).
I.
INTRODUCTION
Thank you for purchasing the KBPW-240D. KB Electronics, Inc. is committed to providing
total customer satisfaction by producing quality products that are easy to install and operate.
The KBPW-240D is manufactured with surface mount components incorporating advanced
circuitry and technology.
The KBPW-240D is a Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) control in a NEMA-4X / IP-65 watertight
and washdown enclosure designed to operate PWM and SCR rated Permanent Magnet and
Shunt Wound motors ranging from 0.2 Amps DC to 7.5 Amps DC. It operates at a switching
frequency greater than 16kHz to provide high motor efficiency and quiet operation. Special
circuitry automatically accepts AC line input voltages of 115 Volts AC to 208/230 Volts
AC (±10%, 50/60Hz) without having to make a jumper selection.
Standard panel mounted features include diagnostic LEDs (power on, stop, and overload),
Start/Stop switch, and speed potentiometer. Other features include barrier terminal blocks
(facilitate wiring of AC line, motor armature, motor field, tach-generator and run relay connections), adjustable trimpots (acceleration, deceleration, maximum speed, minimum speed,
jog speed [used with optional Run/Jog switch], current limit, timed current limit and IR Comp.)
1
Optional accessories include On/Off AC Line Switch, FWD-BRK-REV Switch, Run-Stop-Jog
Switch, Signal Isolator, and Anti-Plug Reversing Module. Quick-connect terminals are provided for easy installation of all optional accessories. The control is available in black finish
(P/N 8401) and FDA approved white finish (P/N 8402).
STANDARD FEATURES
•
Short Circuit Protection – Protects control from a short circuit at motor connections.
•
Electronic Motor Burnout Protection – Shuts down the control if a prolonged overload condition exists.
•
Active Bridge – Limits the AC line inrush current when power is turned on and also prevents
high speed runaway if the power transistor shorts.
•
Heat Spreader – Allows power transistor to operate safely during momentary overload conditions.
•
Auto AC Line Select – Control automatically adjusts for 115 or 208/230 Volt AC line input.
•
Start/Stop Switch – Provides electronic start and stop functions.
•
Diagnostic LEDs – For power on (ON), stop (STOP) and motor overload (OL).
•
Trimpots – Provide adjustment for acceleration (ACCEL), deceleration (DECEL), maximum
speed (MAX), minimum speed (MIN), jog speed (JOG), current limit (CL), timed current limit
(TCL), and IR compensation (IR).
•
Selectable Jumpers – Provide settings for armature voltage or tach-generator feedback
(J1), motor current (J2), timed or non-timed current limit (J3), tach-generator voltage (J4), and
run relay output (J5).
•
Barrier Terminal Blocks – Facilitate wiring of AC line, motor armature and field, tach-generator, and run relay output.
•
Quick-Connect Terminals – Facilitate connecting Start/Stop switch, Run-Stop-Jog switch,
FWD-BRK-REV switch, and Inhibit switch.
II.
SIMPLIFIED OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
IMPORTANT – You must read these simplified operating instructions before proceeding.
These instructions are to be used as a reference only and are not intended to replace the
detailed instructions provided herein. You must read the Safety Warning, on page 1,
before proceeding.
A. Power Connection – Connect the AC line to L1 and L2 terminals of TB1 and the ground
wire (Earth) to the green ground screw as shown in Figure 3, on page 6 and as described
in Section IIIA, on page 6 and Section IIIB, on page 6.
B. Permanent Magnet (PM) Motor Connection (Two-Wire Type) – Connect the motor
armature to A1 (+) and A2 (-) terminals of TB1 as shown in Figure 3, on page 6 and as
described in Section IIIC, on page 6. Be sure that jumper J3 is set to the corresponding
motor voltage position as described in Section IVA, on page 9. Do not use F1 and F2
terminals of TB2 for any purpose other than to power the field of a shunt wound
motor. Do not use F1 and F2 terminals for PM motors.
Note: Motor performance and efficiency, including brush life, may be adversely affected
when operating the control in stepdown mode (208/230 Volt AC line with 90/130 Volt DC
motors).
C. Shunt Wound Motors (Four-Wire Type) – Connect the motor armature as described in
Section IIIC, on page 6. Connect full voltage field wires (90 Volt DC motors with 100 Volt
DC field and 180 Volt DC motors with 200 Volt DC field) to F1 (+) and F2 (-) terminals of
TB2 as described in Section IIID, on page 7. Connect half voltage field wires (90 Volt DC
motors with 50 Volt DC field and 180 Volt DC motors with 100 Volt DC field) to F1 (+) terminal of TB2 and L1 (-) terminal of TB1 as described in Section IIIE, on page 7.
Note: Do not connect motor armature leads to F1 and F2 terminals.
2
D. Motor Current – Jumper J2 is factory set for 7.5 Amp motors. For lower current motors,
set jumper J2 to the corresponding motor current as described in Section IVB, on page 9.
Note: The factory setting for Current Limit is 150% of the nominal current setting (example: if jumper J2 is set to “5A” position, the CL trimpot is calibrated for 7.5 Amps).
E. Trimpot Settings – All trimpots have been factory set as shown in Figure 1, on page 4.
Trimpots may be readjusted as described in Section VIII, on page 12.
F. Diagnostic LEDs – After power has been applied, observe the LEDs to verify proper control function as described in Section IX, on page 13.
G. Start/Stop Switch – The control is supplied with a prewired Start/Stop switch as
described in Section IIIG, on page 8. This switch must be used to start the control each
time the AC power is lost or the control shuts down in TCL. To override this function, see
Section IIIG, on page 8.
TABLE 1 – ELECTRICAL RATINGS
AC Line Voltage
(±10%, 50/60 Hz)
(Volts AC)
Motor Voltage
(Volts DC)
Maximum AC
Line Current
(Amps RMS)
Maximum
Load Current
(Amps DC)
115
0 – 90, 130
11.5
208 – 230
0 – 180, 260
11.5
Maximum Horsepower
HP, (kW)
Field Voltage
(Volts DC)
SCR Rated
Motors
PWM Rated
Motors
7.5
3/4, (0.5)
1, (0.75)
100
7.5
11⁄2, (1)
2, (1.5)
200
TABLE 2 – GENERAL PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS
Parameter
Operating Frequency (kHz)
Factory Setting
>16
–
0 – 50
–
Current Range (High Scale) (Amps DC)
1.7, 2.5, 3.5, 5.0, 7.5
7.5
Current Range (Low Scale) (Amps DC) 1
0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.8
–
Operating Temperature Range at Full Rating (ºC)
ACCEL and DECEL Range (Seconds)
Jog Speed (% Base Speed)
0.5 – 10
1
0 – 50
15
MIN Speed Range (% Base Speed [90VDC & 180VDC Motors])
0 – 30
0
MAX Speed Range (% Base Speed [90VDC & 180VDC Motors])
50 – 140
100
IR Comp Range at 90 Volts DC Output (∆Volts DC at Full Load)
0 – 15
4
IR Comp Range at 180 Volts DC Output (∆Volts DC at Full Load)
0 – 30
8
CL Range (% Range Setting)
0 – 200
150
0.5 – 10
5
Timed Current Limit (TCL) Range (Seconds)
AC Line Input Voltage (Volts AC, ±10%, 50/60 Hz)
AC Line Regulation (% Base Speed)
Armature Voltage Range at 115 Volts AC Line Input (Volts DC)
Armature Voltage Range at 208/230 Volts AC Line Input (Volts DC)
1.
2.
Specification
115 – 208/230
–
0.5
–
0 – 130
90
0 – 130 2, 0 – 260
90
Armature Feedback Load Regulation (% Base Speed)
1
–
Tach-Generator Feedback Load Regulation (% Set Speed)
1
–
Field Voltage at 115 Volts AC Line Input (Volts DC)
100/50
–
Field Voltage at 208/230 Volts AC Line Input (Volts DC)
200/100
–
Speed Range (Ratio)
50:1
–
Voltage Following Linearity (% Base Speed)
±0.5
–
For low current operation, remove resistor R35 as described in section IVB, on page 9
Step-down operation – Motor may have reduced brush life – Consult motor manufacturer.
3
FIGURE 1 – CONTROL LAYOUT
(Illustrates Factory Setting of Jumpers and Approximate Trimpot Settings)
ACCEL DECEL
MAX
MIN
JOG
CL
TCL
IR
START/STOP SWITCH
RED
CON1
J3
TCL NTCL
INH1
ON
START
BLACK
STOP
CL
YG R B
INH2
WHITE
KBPW 240D
A57440
COM
LED BOARD
C56
STOP
K1
JOG
VIOLET
J5
P2
P1
K2
K1
TB3
TT+
RELAY
TB4
C55
J1
180V
T
90V
J2
H
L
AMPS
7.5 0.8
5.0 0.5
3.5 0.4
TACH
WHITE
MAIN SPEED
POTENTIOMETER
NC NO
P3
ORANGE
Q3
T2
2.5 0.3
1.7 0.2
D11
J4
7V 50V
T1
R35
D6
D20
A1B
CON2
A1A
L2A
L2B
Q4
J6B
J6A
ORG RED WHT BLK L1A L1B
J7B
J7A
BLU BLU WHT WHT
A2B
A2A
Q5
TB1
TB2
F1 F2
ACCEL DECEL
MAX
A1
MIN
A2
L1
JOG
L2
CL
TCL
Enlarged view of trimpots
4
IR
8.876
[225.45]
0.357
[9.07]
STOP
OL
FWD
60
0
RUN
JOG
START
STOP
NEMA-4X / IP-65
REV
™
100
10
BRK
80
90
20
%
70
50
30
40
PWM DC MOTOR SPEED CONTROL
PENTA-DRIVE™
ON
9.488
[241.00]
5.000
[127.00]
CONTROL SHOWN WITH OPTIONAL FWD-BRK-REV AND RUN-STOP-JOG SWITCHES
8.226
[208.94]
5.886
[149.50]
5.472
[138.99]
FIGURE 2 – MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS (INCHES / [mm])
5
III.
WIRING INSTRUCTIONS
!
control.
wiring.
Warning! Read Safety Warning,
on page 1, before using this
Disconnect the AC line before
FIGURE 3 – POWER CONNECTION
TB1
Note: To avoid erratic operation, do not
bundle AC line and motor wires with wires
from signal following, start/stop switch,
inhibit, or any other signal wires. Use
shielded cables on all signal wiring over
12” (30cm). Shield should be Earth
grounded on the control side only. Wire
the control in accordance with the National
Electrical Code requirements and other
codes that may apply to your area. See
Figure 3, Table 3 and Table 4, on page 7.
TB2
F1 F2
A1
A2
L1
L2
+
M
MOTOR
GROUND
AC LINE
(EARTH)
TABLE 3 – TERMINAL BLOCK WIRING INFORMATION
Supply Wire Gauge
(AWG - Cu)
Terminal
Block
Designation
Connections
Minimum
Maximum
Maximum
Tightening Torque
(in-lbs)
TB1
AC Line Input
L1 & L2
22
12
12
TB1
Motor Armature
A1 & A2
22
12
12
TB2
Motor Field (Shunt Wound Motors Only)
F1 & F2
24
14
3.5
TB3
Tach-Generator
T+ & T-
24
14
3.5
TB4
Run Relay
K1 & K2
24
14
3.5
Be sure to properly fuse each conductor that is not at ground potential. Do not fuse neutral
or grounded conductors. See Section VII, on page 12. A separate AC line switch or contactor must be wired as a disconnect so that each ungrounded conductor is opened. An
accessory On/Off AC Line Switch (P/N 9341) may be used in lieu of, or in addition to, the
Start/Stop switch. The switch can be wired for single pole or double pole operation, as
required.
To maintain the watertight integrity of the control, be sure to use suitable watertight connectors and wiring which are appropriate for the application. Two 7/8” (22.2mm) knockout holes
are provided for standard 1/2” knockout connectors (not supplied) for wiring. A watertight
plug is provided if only one knockout is required.
Warning! Do not wire switches or relays in series with the armature. Armature switch-
! ing can cause catastrophic failure of motor and/or control. To avoid erratic operation,
do not bundle AC line and motor wires with potentiometer wires, voltage following wires,
Start/Stop switch wires, inhibit wires, or any other signal wires. Use shielded cables on all
signal wiring over 12” (30cm) long. Shield should be Earth grounded on the control side only.
Warning! Do not use CON2 for any purpose other than to power the optional Anti-Plug
Reversing Module APRM-PC (P/N 9378A).
A. AC Line Connection – Wire AC line input to L1 and L2 terminals of TB1 as shown in
Figure 3.
B. Ground Connection – Earth ground the control chassis using the green ground screw
that is provided on the inside of the control to the right side of TB1 as shown in Figure 3.
C. Permanent Magnet (PM) Motor Connection – Wire the motor armature leads to A1 (+)
and A2 (-) terminals of TB1 as shown in Figure 3. Be sure jumper J1 is set to the appropriate motor voltage and that J3 is set to the appropriate motor current. For step-down
6
operation (230 Volt AC line input with 90
Volt DC SCR rated motor or 130 Volt DC
PWM rated motor) set jumper J1 to
“90V” position. However, in step-down
operation the motor may have reduced
brush life - consult motor manufacturer.
FIGURE 4 – FULL VOLTAGE FIELD
TB1
TB2
F1
Note: Do not connect motor armature
leads to F1 and F2 terminals. Do not
use F1 and F2 terminals for PM motors.
A1
F2
A2
L1
L2
+
+
FIELD
M
D. Full Voltage Field Connection (Shunt
Wound Motors Only) – Wire the motor
field leads to F1 (+) and F2 (-) terminals
of TB2 as shown in Figure 4 and Table 4.
-
GROUND
AC LINE
MOTOR
(EARTH)
Note: Do not connect motor armature leads to F1 and F2 terminals.
Warning! Do not use F1 and F2 terminals of TB2 for any purpose other than
to power the field of a shunt wound
motor.
FIGURE 5 – HALF VOLTAGE FIELD
TB1
E. Half Voltage Field Connection (Shunt
Wound Motors Only) – Wire the motor
field leads to F1 (+) and L1 (-) terminals
of TB2, as shown in Figure 5 and Table 4.
Note: Do not connect motor armature
leads to F1 and F2 terminals.
TB2
F1
F2
A1
A2
L1
L2
+
+
FIELD
M
-
-
Warning! Do not use F1 and F2 terminals of TB2 for any purpose other than
to power the field of a shunt wound
motor.
MOTOR
GROUND
AC LINE
(EARTH)
TABLE 4 – FIELD CONNECTION (Shunt Wound Motors Only)
AC Line Voltage
(Volts AC)
Armature Voltage
(Volts DC)
Field Voltage
(Volts DC)
Field Connections
115
90 – 130
100
F1 & F2
115
90 – 130
50
F1 & L1
230
180 – 260
200
F1 & F2
230
180 – 260
100
F1 & L1
230
90 – 130
100
F1 & L1
FIGURE 6 – REMOTE POTENTIOMETER
Low Side
MAIN SPEED
POTENTIOMETER
(FRONT VIEW)
P3
P2
P1
TB4
K2
K1
TB3
TT+
RELAY
High Side
Wiper
TACH
F. Remote Main Speed Potentiometer
Connection – The control is supplied with a
prewired main speed potentiometer mounted
on the front cover. To operate the control from
a remote potentiometer (5kΩ), remove the
white, orange, and violet potentiometer leads
from P1, P2, and P3 terminals, respectively.
The leads may be taped and left inside the
control. The potentiometer assembly may be
removed if a watertight seal is used to cover
the hole in the front cover. Connect the
remote main speed potentiometer wires to
terminals P1 (low side), P2 (wiper), and P3
(high side) as shown in Figure 6.
7
G. Remote Start/Stop Switch Connections – The control is supplied with a prewired
Start/Stop switch mounted on the front cover. To operate the control from a remote
Start/Stop switch (type: (ON)-OFF-ON, SPDT), remove the white, black, and red wires
from START, COM, and STOP terminals,
respectively. The leads may be taped and FIGURE 7 – REMOTE START/STOP SWITCH
left in the control. The switch itself may be
removed if a watertight seal is used to
cover the hole in the front cover. Connect
CON1
the remote Start/Stop switch wires to
INH1
START (momentary), COM (common),
START/STOP SWITCH
and STOP (constant) terminals as shown
INH2
in Figure 7. After applying power, momenWhite
START
START
tarily set the Start/Stop switch to “START”
Black
COM
position. The motor will operate at the set
Red
speed of the main speed potentiometer.
STOP
STOP
To stop the motor, set the Start/Stop
switch to “STOP” position.
Note: To eliminate the Start/Stop function, connect the START and COM terminals with
the jumper that is provided.
CAUTION! Eliminating the Start/Stop function using a jumper will cause the motor to run
at the main speed potentiometer setting when the AC line is applied.
H. Run Relay Connection – Normally open (NO) or normally closed (NC) relay output contacts are available at TB4, which will change state when the Start/Stop switch is set to
“START” position or if the control shuts down and goes into STOP mode from TCL. The
run relay is used to indicate the state of the control (run or stop). Normally open or normally closed run relay contact outputs can be selected depending on the position of
jumper J5. If normally open is selected (J5 in “NO” position), the run relay output contacts
will close when the Start/Stop switch is set to “START” position. If normally closed is
selected (J5 set to “NC” position), the run relay output contacts will open when the
Start/Stop switch is set to “START” position. When the control shuts down and goes into
STOP mode from TCL, or the Start/Stop switch is set to “STOP” position, the Run Relay
output contacts will return to their normal position.
0 - 10V DC
(ISOLATED)
-
+
!
8
P2
P1
TB4
Note: If an isolated signal voltage is not available, an optional signal isolator can be
installed (KBSI-240D, P/N 9431). Connect the
isolated signal voltage to P2 (+) and P1 (-) terminals. Adjustment of the MIN trimpot may be
necessary to achieve a 0 Volt DC output.
J. Inhibit Connection – The control is supplied
with inhibit terminals (INH1 and INH2) to connect an Inhibit switch. See Figure 9. These
terminals are used to electronically stop the
control. When the Inhibit switch is closed,
the control will coast to stop.
When the
Inhibit switch is opened, the control will
accelerate to the main speed potentiometer
setting.
P3
K2
K1
TB3
TT+
RELAY
I. Voltage Following Connection – An isolated
0 - 10 Volt DC analog signal can also be used
to control motor speed. See Figure 8.
FIGURE 8 – VOLTAGE FOLLOWING
TACH
Note: If relay output contacts are not required
for your application, J5 may be in any position.
FIGURE 9 – INHIBIT CIRCUIT
INHIBIT SWITCH
(OPEN TO START)
Warning! Do not use Inhibit as a
safety disconnect. Use only the AC line for this purpose.
CON1
INH1
INH2
T+
FIGURE 11 – DC TACH-GENERATOR
P3
P2
P1
TT+
IV. SETTING SELECTABLE JUMPERS
The KBPW-240D has customer selectable
jumpers which must be set before the control can be used. See Figure 1, on page 4
for location of jumpers.
A. Motor Voltage Selection (J1) – Jumper
J1 is factory set to “90V” position for 90
Volt SCR rated motors (or 130 Volt
PWM rated motors). For 180 Volt SCR
rated motors (or 220 Volt PWM rated
motors), set jumper J1 to “180V” position. See Figure 12.
Note: If jumper J1 is set to “T”
position, a tach-generator must
be wired to TB3. If a tach-generator is not used, jumper J1
must be in either “90V” or “180V”
position. If jumper J1 is in “T”
position and a tach-generator is
not used, the motor will accelerate to full speed and the main
speed potentiometer will not
control speed.
B. Motor Current Selection (J2) –
Jumper J2 is factory set to “7.5A”
position for 7.5 Amp motors.
DC TACH-GENERATOR
TACH
K1
TB3
-
K2
Note: When using a tach-generator, the
IR trimpot should be set fully counterclockwise.
RELAY
TB4
G
+
L. DC Tach-Generator Connection – Wire
the tach-generator to T+ (+) and T- (-)
terminals of TB4 as shown in Figure 11.
Jumper J1 must be in “T” position.
Jumper J4 must be in “7V” position for 7
Volt per 1000 RPM tach-generators or
“50V” position for 50 Volt per 1000 RPM
tach-generators. See section IVD on
page 11.
K1
TB3
T-
TACH
Warning! Do not use Enable as
a safety disconnect. Use only
the AC line for this purpose. P3 terminal is not isolated and is not to be
Earth grounded.
!
RELAY
K. Enable Connections – The control can also be started and stopped with an Enable circuit (close to start). See Figure 10. This circuit functions opposite to that of the Inhibit circuit (open to start). The Enable function
FIGURE 10 – ENABLE CIRCUIT
is established by wiring a switch in series
with the violet main speed potentiometer
SWITCH OR RELAY
lead which connects to the P3 terminal.
(CLOSE TO START)
Violet
When the Enable switch is closed, the
P3
control will accelerate to the main speed
Orange
P2
potentiometer setting. When the Enable
White
P1
Main Speed
switch is opened, the control will coast to
Potentiometer
TB4
stop.
K2
FIGURE 12 – MOTOR VOLTAGE SELECTION
J1 Set for 90 Volt Motors
(Factory Setting)
J1 Set for 180 Volt Motors
J1
J1
180V
T
180V
T
90V
90V
FIGURE 13 – MOTOR CURRENT SELECTION
J2 Set for 7.5 Amp Motor
(Factory Setting)
High Scale
Current Range
(Amps DC)
Low Scale
Current Range*
(Amps DC)
7.5
0.8
5.0
0.5
3.5
0.4
2.5
0.3
1.7
0.2
*Note: For low (L) motor current range settings (0.8A, 0.5A, 0.4A,
0.3A and 0.2A), it is necessary to remove resistor R35 by cutting it
out of the circuit as shown in figure 14 on page 10.
9
FIGURE 14 – REMOVING RESISTOR R35
For motors of lower amperage, set jumper J2 to the corresponding position for the
motor being used.
See
Figure 13 on page 9 and
Table 5.
TO REMOVE RESISTOR R35
CUT THE LEADS HERE
R35
!
A1B
D20
CON2
L2A
L2B
Q4
J6B
ORG RED WHT BLK L1A L1B
J6A
Note: For low (L) motor current settings (0.8A, 0.5A,
0.4A, 0.3A, and 0.2A), it is
necessary to remove resistor R35 by cutting it out of the
circuit. Cut the leads at the
locations shown in Figure 14.
J7B
J7A
BLU BLU WHT WHT
D6
A1A
A2B
A2A
Q5
TB1
TB2
F1 F2
A1
A2
L1
L2
WARNING! Disconnect AC line before cutting out resistor R35. Use an insulated cutter and wear safety glasses.
TABLE 5 – SETTING MOTOR CURRENT (SCR & PWM Motor Horsepower Ratings)
J2 Setting
(Amps DC)
SCR Rated Motor Horsepower
HK, (kW)
PWM Rated Motor Horsepower
HP, (kW)
90 Volts DC Motors
180 Volts DC Motors
130 Volts DC Motors
220Volts DC Motors
7.5
3/4, (0.5)
5.0
1/2, (0.37)
1 ⁄2, (1)
1, (0.75)
2, (1.5)
1, (0.75)
3/4, (0.5)
11⁄2, (1)
3.5
1/3, (0.25)
3/4, (0.5)
1/2, (0.37)
1, (0.75)
2.5
1/4, (0.18)
1/2, (0.37)
1/3, (0.25)
3/4, (0.5)
1
1.7
1/6, (0.1)
1/3, (0.25)
1/4, (0.18)
1/2, (0.37)
0.8*
1/12, (0.06)
1/6, (0.1)
1/8, (0.09)
1/4, (0.18)
0.5*
1/20, (0.04)
1/10, (0.08)
1/15, (0.05)
1/6, (0.1)
0.4*
1/25, (0.03)
1/12, (0.06)
1/20, (0.04)
1/8, (0.09)
0.3*
1/30, (0.02)
1/15, (0.05)
1/25, (0.03)
1/10, (0.08)
0.2*
1/50, (0.01)
1/25, (0.03)
1/30, (0.02)
1/20, (0.04)
*Note: For low (L) motor current range settings (0.8A, 0.5A, 0.4A, 0.3A and 0.2A), it is necessary to remove resistor R35
by cutting it out of the circuit as shown in figure 14.
C. Timed and Non-Timed Current Limit
Selection (J3) – Jumper J3 is factory set
to “TCL” position for timed current limiting
operation. See Figure 15. For non-timed
current limiting operation, set jumper J3 to
“NTCL” position.
TCL (Timed Current Limit) – When
jumper J3 is set to “TCL” position, the control will go into “STOP” after it is in overload for a predetermined amount of time
(set by the TCL trimpot).
FIGURE 15 – CURRENT LIMIT
MODE SELECTION
J3 Set for TCL Mode
(Timed Current Limit)
(Factory Setting)
J3
TCL NTCL
J3 Set for NTCL Mode
(Non-Timed Current Limit)
J3
TCL NTCL
Resetting the Control After TCL – To reset the control after it has gone into TCL,
momentarily set the Start/Stop switch to “START” position or disconnect and reconnect
the AC line. If an On/Off AC Line Switch is installed, set it to “OFF” position and then back
to “ON” position. If the Start switch is jumpered (START and COM terminals connected),
the control must be restarted by disconnecting and reconnecting the AC line.
10
NTCL (Non-Timed Current Limit) – When jumper J3 is set to “NTCL” position, the control will not go into “STOP” after it is in overload.
Note: TCL trimpot will have no affect when jumper J3 is in “NTCL” position.
D. DC Tach-Generator Voltage Selection (J1 and J4) – For a tach-generator wired to TB3,
set jumper J1 to “T” position. See Figure 16. Jumper J4 is factory set to “7V” position for
7 Volt per 1000 RPM tach-generators wired to TB3. For a 50 Volt per 1000 RPM tachgenerator, set jumper J4 to “50V” position.
Note: When using a tach-generator, the IR trimpot should be set fully counterclockwise.
FIGURE 16 – DC TACH-GENERATOR VOLTAGE SELECTION
Jumper J1 Settings
J1 Set for 90 Volt Motors
(Factory Setting)
J1 Set for
Tach-Generator Input
J4 Set for 7V per 1000RPM
Tach-Generator Input
(Factory Setting)
J1
J1
180V
T
Jumper J4 Settings
J4
J4
7V 50V
7V 50V
180V
T
90V
J4 Set for 50V per 1000RPM
Tach-Generator Input
90V
Note: The tach-generator input is designed for 7 Volt or 50 Volt per 1000 RPM tachgenerators used with 1800 RPM motors. For tach-generators other than 7 Volt or 50 Volt
per 1000 RPM or for motors other than 1800 RPM, an external 1/2 watt resistor (RT) must
be used. Install RT in series with the tach-generator as shown in Figure 17. Jumper J4
must be set to “7V” position.
The value of RT in Ω can be calculated using the following formula:
RT = (1.46 x VT x S) - 19,000
Where VT is the tach-generator voltage (in Volts per 1000 RPM) and S is the base speed
of the motor (in RPM).
Suppose you have a 20 Volt per 1000 RPM tach-generator with a 3600 RPM motor:
RT = (1.46 X 20 X 3600) - 19000 = 86120Ω.
Example:
Choose the closest 1/2W resistor value, which is 82000Ω (82kΩ) or 91000Ω (91kΩ).
Readjustment of the MAX trimpot may be necessary to achieve the desired maximum
output voltage.
E. Run Relay Output Mode Selection (J5) –
FIGURE 17 – DC TACH-GENERATOR
Jumper J5 is factory set to “NO” position for norWITH ADDITION OF RT
mally open relay output at TB4. For normally
closed relay output, set jumper J5 to “NC” posiP3
tion. See Figure 18, on page 12.
P2
!
Warning! The KBPW-240D is not designed to
be used in an explosion-proof application.
P1
TB4
K2
K1
RELAY
MOUNTING INSTRUCTIONS
DC TACH-GENERATOR
TB3
It is recommended that the control be mounted vertiG
Tcally on a flat surface with adequate ventilation.
Leave enough room below the control to allow for AC
T+
R
line, motor connections, and any other wiring.
Although the control is designed for outdoor and
washdown use, care should be taken to avoid extreme hazardous locations where physical
damage can occur. If the control is mounted in a closed, unventilated location, allow enough
room for proper heat dissipation. If operating the control at full rating, a minimum enclosure
size of 12”W x 24”H x 12”D is required. See Figure 2, on page 5.
+
TACH
-
V.
T
11
The KBPW-240D is designed with a hinged
case so that when the front cover is open, all
wiring stays intact. To open the cover, the
four screws must be loosened so they are no
longer engaged in the case bottom. After
mounting and wiring, close the cover and
make sure that wires will not get caught or
crimped as the cover is closed. Tighten all
four cover screws so that the gasket is slightly compressed. Do not over tighten.
FIGURE 18 – RUN RELAY OUTPUT
MODE SELECTION
J5 Set for Normally Open
(NO) Output Contacts
(Factory Setting)
J5 Set for Normally Closed
(NC) Output Contacts
J5
J5
NC NO
NC NO
VI. OPERATION
After the control has been properly setup (jumpers set to desired positions and wiring completed), the startup procedure can begin. If AC power has been properly brought to the control, the ON and STOP LEDs will be illuminated. Before starting, be sure the main speed
potentiometer is fully counterclockwise. To start the control, momentarily set the Start/Stop
switch to “START” position and release it. The STOP LED should no longer illuminate. The
motor should begin to rotate, as the main speed potentiometer is rotated clockwise.
Note: If the motor rotates in the incorrect direction, it will be necessary to disconnect the AC
line, reverse the motor leads, and repeat the startup procedure.
VII. AC LINE FUSING
This control does not contain AC line fuses. Most electrical codes require that each
ungrounded conductor contain circuit protection. Installation of a 20 Amp fuse or circuit
breaker in series with each ungrounded conductor is recommended. Check all electrical
codes that apply to the application.
VIII. TRIMPOT ADJUSTMENTS
The KBPW-240D contains trimpots, which are factory set for most applications. Figure 1, on
page 4, illustrates the location of the trimpots and their approximate calibrated positions.
Some applications may require readjustment of the trimpots in order to tailor the control for a
specific requirement. Readjust trimpots as described below.
Warning! If possible, do not adjust trimpots with main power applied. If
adjustments are made with main power applied, an insulated adjustment tool
must be used and safety glasses must be worn. High voltage exists in this control.
Fire and/or electrocution can result if caution is not exercised. Safety Warning, on
page 1, must be read and understood before proceeding.
!
A. Acceleration (ACCEL) – Sets the amount of time for the motor to accelerate from minimum speed to maximum speed. The ACCEL trimpot is factory set for one (1) second. For
more rapid acceleration time, rotate the trimpot counterclockwise. For longer acceleration
time, rotate the trimpot clockwise.
Note: Rapid acceleration settings may cause the current limit circuit to activate, which will
extend the acceleration time.
B. Deceleration (DECEL) – Sets the amount of time for the motor to decelerate from maximum speed to minimum speed. The DECEL trimpot is factory set for one (1) second. For
more rapid deceleration time, rotate the trimpot counterclockwise. For longer deceleration time, rotate the trimpot clockwise.
Note: Deceleration time will not be shorter than the maximum coast time of the motor
under actual load.
C. Maximum Speed (MAX) – Sets maximum speed of the motor. The MAX trimpot is factory set for 100% of base motor speed. For a higher maximum speed setting, rotate the
trimpot clockwise. For a lower maximum speed setting, rotate the trimpot counterclockwise.
12
D. Minimum Speed (MIN) – Sets minimum speed of the motor. The MIN trimpot is factory
set for 0% speed. For a higher minimum speed setting, rotate the trimpot clockwise.
E. Jog Speed (JOG) – Sets “jog” speed of the motor. The JOG trimpot is factory set for 15%
of motor base speed. For a higher jog setting, rotate the trimpot clockwise. For a lower
jog setting, rotate the trimpot counterclockwise.
Note: The Jog feature requires installation of the Run-Stop-Jog Switch assembly (P/N
9340).
F. Current Limit (CL) – Sets current limit (overload), which limits the maximum current to
the motor. The current limit set point is established by the setting of jumper J2 and the
setting of the CL trimpot. The CL trimpot is factory set for 150% of J2 range setting. For
a higher current limit setting, rotate the trimpot clockwise. For a lower current limit setting,
rotate the trimpot counterclockwise. Two modes of current limiting operation are provided: Non-Timed Current Limit (NTCL) and Timed Current Limit (TCL). See Section IVC,
on page 10.
CAUTION! Adjusting the CL above 150% of motor rating can cause overheating and
demagnetization of some PM motors. Consult the motor manufacturer. Do not leave the
motor in a locked condition for more than a few seconds since armature damage may
occur.
G. Timed Current Limit (TCL) – Sets the time for the control to shut down after being in current limit (provides electronic motor overload protection). The TCL trimpot is factory set
for 5 seconds. For increased TCL time, rotate the trimpot clockwise. For decreased TCL
time, rotate the trimpot counterclockwise. If the control remains in CL for a predetermined
amount of time (set by the TCL trimpot and if jumper J3 is in the “TCL” position), the control will shut down. To reset the control after it has shut down, momentarily set the
start/stop switch to the “START” position or disconnect and then reconnect the AC line.
!
Warning! When the control shuts down in TCL, the AC line voltage is still present in the control.
H. Non-Timed Current Limit (NTCL) – When jumper J3 is set to “NTCL” position and an
overload condition exists, the control will remain in current limit.
I. IR Compensation (IR) – Sets the amount of compensating voltage required to keep the
motor speed constant under changing loads. The IR trimpot is factory set for 4 Volts (for
90 Volt DC output) and 8 Volts (for 180 Volt DC output). For higher compensating voltage, rotate the trimpot clockwise. For lower compensating voltage, rotate the trimpot
counterclockwise.
Note: If the IR compensation is set too high, unstable (oscillatory) operation will result. If
the control is used with a tach-generator, the IR trimpot should be set fully counterclockwise.
IX. DIAGNOSTIC LEDs
The KBPW-240D is designed with LEDs mounted on the front cover to display the control’s
operational status.
A. Power On (ON) – The ON LED will illuminate green when the AC line is applied to the
control.
Note: When removing power to the control, the POWER LED will remain illuminated for
a few seconds until the DC bus voltage discharges.
B. Stop (STOP) – The STOP LED will illuminate yellow when the Start/Stop switch is set to
“STOP” position. When AC line is applied, this LED will also be illuminated until the
Start/Stop switch is set to “START” position.
C. Overload (OL) – The OL LED will illuminate red when the control goes into current limit,
indicating that the current limit set point has been reached (set by the CL trimpot and the
position of jumper J2). This LED will remain illuminated if the control times out in TCL
13
(jumper J3 set to “TCL” position). The control can be reset by either setting the start/stop
switch to “START” position or by disconnecting and reconnecting the AC line. If the overload condition still exists when the control is restarted or AC line reapplied, the OL LED
will illuminate again. If the OL LED remains illuminated during control operation, a fault
condition may exist. Possible causes for this condition are as follows:
• Motor is overloaded. Check motor current. If the motor is a shunt wound type, the field
may be open or not receiving proper voltage.
• Motor may be defective. Check motor for shorts or grounds.
• CL may be set too low. Check position of CL trimpot and setting of jumper J2.
Note: In some applications, especially those requiring the motor to cycle on and
off, or from one speed to another, or from stop to high speeds, the OL LED may
blink, indicating a transient overload. This may be a normal condition for the application.
X.
OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
Complete instructions and connection diagrams are supplied with all accessories to facilitate
installation.
A. On/Off AC Line Switch (P/N 9341) – Disconnects the AC line. Mounts on the enclosure
cover and is supplied with a switch seal to maintain watertight integrity.
B. FWD-BRK-REV Switch (P/N 9339) – Provides motor reversing and dynamic braking.
This switch is equipped with a center off hesitation mechanism, which assures that the
motor is fully stopped before it can be reversed. Mounts on the enclosure cover and is
supplied with a switch seal to maintain watertight integrity.
C. Run-Stop-Jog Switch (P/N 9340) – Selects speed setting from either main potentiometer or JOG trimpot. Mounts on the enclosure cover and is supplied with a switch seal to
maintain watertight integrity.
D. Signal Isolator KBSI-240D (P/N 9431) – Provides isolation from non-isolated signal
sources. Mounts on the inside of the enclosure cover.
E. Auto/Manual Switch (P/N 9377) – When used with the KBSI-240D (P/N 9431), it selects
either an isolated signal from the KBSI-240D or from the main speed potentiometer.
Mounts on the enclosure cover and is supplied with a switch seal to maintain watertight
integrity.
F. Anti-Plug Reversing Module APRM-PC (P/N 9378A) – Provides electronic braking and
reversing. Mounts on the inside of the enclosure cover.
Note: For use with this control, the APRM-PC must be Revision A or newer.
G. KBRF-200A RFI Filter (P/N 9945C) – Provides RFI and EMI suppression. Meets CE
directives.
14
XI. LIMITED WARRANTY
For a period of 18 months from the date of original purchase, KB Electronics, Inc. will repair
or replace, without charge, devices which our examination proves to be defective in material
or workmanship. This warranty is valid if the unit has not been tampered with by unauthorized
persons, misused, abused, or improperly installed and has been used in accordance with the
instructions and/or ratings supplied. The foregoing is in lieu of any other warranty or guarantee, expressed or implied. KB Electronics, Inc. is not responsible for any expense, including
installation and removal, inconvenience, or consequential damage, including injury to any person, caused by items of our manufacture or sale. Some states do not allow certain exclusions
or limitations found in this warranty and therefore they may not apply to you. In any event, the
total liability of KB Electronics, Inc., under any circumstance, shall not exceed the full purchase
price of this product. (rev 2/2000)
KB Electronics, Inc.
12095 NW 39th Street, Coral Springs, FL 33065-2516 • (954) 346-4900 • Fax (954) 346-3377
Outside Florida Call TOLL FREE (800) 221-6570 • E-mail – [email protected]
www.kbelectronics.com
(A40360) – Rev. A – 6/2000
RECONDITIONING THE BUS CAPACITORS
If this drive has been in storage for over one year it
is necessary to recondition the power supply bus
capacitors. To recondition the bus capacitors, apply
the AC Line, with the drive in the Stop Mode, for a
minimum of one hour. Not following this procedure
will cause the bus capacitors to fail.
(A40194) – Rev. A00 – 7/31/2013
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