Sharp | CD-CH1000 | Service manual | Sharp CD-CH1000 Service manual

CH940-CH1000
Service Manual
IMPORTANT:
Read all safety precautions and instructions carefully before operating equipment. Refer to operating
instruction of equipment that this engine powers.
Ensure engine is stopped and level before performing any maintenance or service.
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27
28
30
45
59
Safety
Maintenance
Specifications
Tools and Aids
Troubleshooting
Air Cleaner/Intake
Fuel System
Governor System
Lubrication System
Electrical System
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
Reassembly
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
1
Safety
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
WARNING: A hazard that could result in death, serious injury, or substantial property damage.
CAUTION: A hazard that could result in minor personal injury or property damage.
NOTE: is used to notify people of important installation, operation, or maintenance information.
WARNING
Explosive Fuel can cause
fires and severe burns.
Do not fill fuel tank while
engine is hot or running.
Gasoline is extremely flammable
and its vapors can explode if
ignited. Store gasoline only in
approved containers, in well
ventilated, unoccupied buildings,
away from sparks or flames.
Spilled fuel could ignite if it comes
in contact with hot parts or sparks
from ignition. Never use gasoline
as a cleaning agent.
WARNING
Rotating Parts can cause
severe injury.
Stay away while engine
is in operation.
Keep hands, feet, hair, and
clothing away from all moving
parts to prevent injury. Never
operate engine with covers,
shrouds, or guards removed.
WARNING
Carbon Monoxide can
cause severe nausea,
fainting or death.
Avoid inhaling exhaust
fumes.
Engine exhaust gases contain
poisonous carbon monoxide.
Carbon monoxide is odorless,
colorless, and can cause death if
inhaled.
2
WARNING
CAUTION
Accidental Starts can
cause severe injury or
death.
Disconnect and ground
spark plug lead(s) before
servicing.
Electrical Shock can
cause injury.
Do not touch wires while
engine is running.
Before working on engine or
equipment, disable engine as
follows: 1) Disconnect spark plug
lead(s). 2) Disconnect negative (–)
battery cable from battery.
Damaging Crankshaft
and Flywheel Can cause
personal injury.
WARNING
Hot Parts can cause
severe burns.
Do not touch engine
while operating or just
after stopping.
Never operate engine with heat
shields or guards removed.
WARNING
Cleaning Solvents can
cause severe injury or
death.
Use only in well
ventilated areas away
from ignition sources.
CAUTION
Using improper procedures can
lead to broken fragments. Broken
fragments could be thrown from
engine. Always observe and use
precautions and procedures when
installing flywheel.
CAUTION
Failure to utilize or
reassemble debris
screen as designed could
result in debris screen
failure and serious
personal injury.
Carburetor cleaners and solvents
are extremely flammable. Follow
cleaner manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions on its proper and
safe use. Never use gasoline as a
cleaning agent.
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Maintenance
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING
Accidental Starts can cause severe injury or
death.
Disconnect and ground spark plug lead(s)
before servicing.
Before working on engine or equipment, disable engine as
follows: 1) Disconnect spark plug lead(s). 2) Disconnect
negative (–) battery cable from battery.
Normal maintenance, replacement or repair of emission control devices and systems may be performed by any repair
establishment or individual; however, warranty repairs must be performed by a Kohler authorized dealer.
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Weekly
● Check filter minder.
Air Cleaner/Intake
Every 25 Hours or Annually¹
● Service/replace low-profile precleaner.
Air Cleaner/Intake
Every 150 Hours¹
● Replace low-profile air cleaner element.
● Change oil. Oil filter is recommended.
● Remove cooling shrouds and clean cooling areas.
Air Cleaner/Intake
Lubrication System
Air Cleaner/Intake
Every 150 Hours
● Check heavy-duty air cleaner element.
● Replace fuel filter.
● Check oil cooler fins, clean as necessary.
Lubrication System
Every 300 Hours
● Change oil filter.
● Replace heavy-duty air cleaner element.
Lubrication System
Air Cleaner/Intake
Air Cleaner/Intake
Every 500 Hours²
● Have crankshaft splines lubricated.
Every 600 Hours
● Replace heavy-duty inner air cleaner element.
● Replace spark plugs and set gap.
1
Perform these procedures more frequently under severe, dusty, dirty conditions.
2
Have a Kohler authorized dealer perform this service.
Air Cleaner/Intake
Electrical System
REPAIRS/SERVICE PARTS
Kohler genuine service parts can be purchased from Kohler authorized dealers. To find a local Kohler authorized
dealer visit KohlerEngines.com or call 1-800-544-2444 (U.S. and Canada).
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
3
Maintenance
OIL RECOMMENDATIONS
We recommend use of Kohler oils for best performance.
Other high-quality detergent oils (including synthetic)
of API (American Petroleum Institute) service class SJ
or higher are acceptable. Select viscosity based on
air temperature at time of operation as shown in table
below.
STORAGE
If engine will be out of service for 2 months or more
follow procedure below.
1. Add Kohler PRO Series fuel treatment or equivalent
to fuel tank. Run engine 2-3 minutes to get stabilized
fuel into fuel system (failures due to untreated fuel
are not warrantable).
2. Change oil while engine is still warm from operation.
Remove spark plug(s) and pour about 1 oz. of
engine oil into cylinder(s). Replace spark plug(s) and
crank engine slowly to distribute oil.
3. Disconnect negative (-) battery cable.
4. Store engine in a clean, dry place.
FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS
WARNING
Explosive Fuel can cause fires and severe
burns.
Do not fill fuel tank while engine is hot or
running.
Gasoline is extremely flammable and its vapors can
explode if ignited. Store gasoline only in approved
containers, in well ventilated, unoccupied buildings,
away from sparks or flames. Spilled fuel could ignite
if it comes in contact with hot parts or sparks from
ignition. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent.
NOTE: E15, E20 and E85 are NOT approved and
should NOT be used; effects of old, stale or
contaminated fuel are not warrantable.
Fuel must meet these requirements:
● Clean, fresh, unleaded gasoline.
● Octane rating of 87 (R+M)/2 or higher.
● Research Octane Number (RON) 90 octane minimum.
● Gasoline up to 10% ethyl alcohol, 90% unleaded is
acceptable.
● Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) and unleaded
gasoline blend (max 15% MTBE by volume) are
approved.
● Do not add oil to gasoline.
● Do not overfill fuel tank.
● Do not use gasoline older than 30 days.
4
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Specifications
Engine Dimensions with Heavy-Duty Air Cleaner
Dimensions in millimeters.
Inch equivalents shown in [ ].
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KohlerEngines.com
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Specifications
Engine Dimensions with Low-Profile Air Cleaner
Dimensions in millimeters.
Inch equivalents shown in [ ].
6
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Specifications
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
Kohler engine identification numbers (model, specification and serial) should be referenced for efficient repair,
ordering correct parts, and engine replacement.
Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CH940
Command Engine
Horizontal Shaft
Numerical Designation
Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CH940-0001
Serial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3923500328
Year Manufactured Code
Code
Year
39
2009
40
2010
41
2011
Factory Code
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS3,6
Bore
Stroke
Displacement
Oil Capacity (refill)
Maximum Angle of Operation (@ full oil level)4
CH940
CH960
CH980
90 mm (3.54 in.)
78.5 mm (3.1 in.)
999 cc (61 cu. in.)
2.7 L (2.9 U.S. qt.)
25°
CH1000
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS3,5
CH940
CH960
CH1000
Blower Housing and Sheet Metal
M6 Screw
New, Untapped Hole (casting)
Used, Tapped Hole (casting)
New, Extruded Hole (sheet metal)
Used, Extruded Hole (sheet metal)
Mounting Clip (valley baffle)
CH980
10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.)
7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.)
4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.)
2.0 N·m (18 in. lb.)
2.5 N·m (22 in. lb.)
Carburetor, Intake Manifold, and Air Cleaner
Intake Manifold Mounting Fastener (torque in 2 increments)
Carburetor/Air Cleaner Mounting Nut
Carburetor Fuel Bowl Screw
Air Cleaner Mounting Screw (into intake manifold)
first to 16.9 N·m (150 in. lb.)
finally to 22.6 N·m (200 in. lb.)
7.9 N·m (70 in. lb.)
2.5 N·m (22 in. lb.) ± 0.3 N·m (3 in. lb.)
9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.)
Closure Plate
Closure Plate Fastener
24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.)
Connecting Rod
Cap Fastener (torque in increments)
11.3 N·m (100 in. lb.)
Control Bracket
Mounting Screw (into intake manifold from air cleaner)
9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.)
Values are in Metric units. Values in parentheses are English equivalents.
Exceeding maximum angle of operation may cause engine damage from insufficient lubrication.
5
Lubricate threads with engine oil prior to assembly.
6
Any and all horsepower (hp) references by Kohler are Certified Power Ratings and per SAE J1940 & J1995 hp
standards. Details on Certified Power Ratings can be found at KohlerEngines.com.
3
4
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KohlerEngines.com
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Specifications
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS3,5
CH940
Control Panel
M6 screw
CH960
CH980
10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.) into new holes
7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.) into used holes
6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.) into new holes
4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.) into used holes
M5 screws
Crankcase
Breather Cover Fastener
Oil Drain Plug
5.7 N·m (51 in. lb.)
21.4 N·m (16 ft. lb.)
Cylinder Head
Cylinder Head Fastener (torque in 2 increments)
Head Bolt
first to 22.6 N·m (200 in. lb.)
finally to 45.2 N·m (400 in. lb.)
28.25 N·m (250 in. lb.)
14.6 N·m (130 in. lb.)
Pipe Plug (3/4 in.)
Rocker Arm Screw
Debris Screen
Hex Stud
Mounting Screw
Front Drive Shaft Screw (into flywheel)
9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.)
9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.)
24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.)
Fan/Flywheel
Fan Fastener
Flywheel Retaining Screw
9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.)
67.8 N·m (50 ft . lb.)
Governor
Governor Lever Nut
Governor Yoke Mounting Screw
7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.)
2.2 N·m (20 in. lb.)
Ignition
Spark Plug
Ignition Module Fastener
27 N·m (20 ft. lb.)
6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.) into new holes
4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.) into used holes
2.0 N·m (18 in. lb.)
Rectifier-Regulator Fastener
Lifter Feed Chamber
Cover/Baffle Screw
6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.) into new holes
4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.) into used holes
Muffler
Retaining Nut
M6 Screw
M8 Screw
24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.)
9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.)
24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.)
Oil Cooler
Mounting Screws
2.2 N·m (20 in. lb.)
Oil Filter Adapter/Housing
Adapter/Housing Mounting Screw
Oil Filter Nipple
3
5
CH1000
24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.)
18.0 N·m (159 in. lb.)
Values are in Metric units. Values in parentheses are English equivalents.
Lubricate threads with engine oil prior to assembly.
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KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Specifications
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS3,5
CH940
Oil Pickup Screen
Mounting Screw
CH960
CH980
10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.) into new holes
7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.) into used holes
Oil Pickup Tube
Mounting Screw
10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.) into new holes
7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.) into used holes
Oil Pump
Mounting Screw
10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.) into new holes
6.7 N·m (60 in. lb.) into used holes
Oil SentryTM
Pressure Switch
10.1 N·m (90 in. lb.)
Reservoir (oil)
Mounting Screw
24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.)
Solenoid (starter)
Mounting Hardware
Nut, Positive (+) Brush Lead
4.0-6.0 N·m (35-53 in. lb.)
8.0-11.0 N·m (71-97 in. lb.)
Starter Assembly
Thru Bolt
Mounting Screw
Brush Holder Mounting Screw
5.6-9.0 N·m (49-79 in. lb.)
15.3 N·m (135 in. lb.)
2.5-3.3 N·m (22-29 in. lb.)
Stator
Mounting Screw
6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.)
Throttle/Choke Control Bracket
Fastener
9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.)
Valve Cover
Valve Cover Fastener
13.6 N·m (120 in. lb.)
CLEARANCE SPECIFICATIONS3
CH940
Camshaft
End Play
Running Clearance
Bore I.D.
New
Max. Wear Limit
Bearing Surface O.D.
New
Max. Wear Limit
Cam Lobe Profile (minimum dimension, measured from base circle
to top of lobe)
Exhaust
Intake
3
5
CH1000
CH960
CH980
CH1000
0.3/1.3 mm (0.011/0.051 in.)
0.025/0.063 mm (0.0010/0.0025 in.)
20.000/20.025 mm (0.7874/0.7884 in.)
20.038 mm (0.7889 in.)
19.962/19.975 mm (0.7859/0.7864 in.)
19.959 mm (0.7858 in.)
34.1 mm
(1.3425 in.)
35 mm (1.3779 in.)
35 mm (1.3779 in.)
Values are in Metric units. Values in parentheses are English equivalents.
Lubricate threads with engine oil prior to assembly.
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
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Specifications
CLEARANCE SPECIFICATIONS3
CH940
Connecting Rod
Crankpin End I.D. @ 70°F
New
Max. Wear Limit
Connecting Rod-to-Crankpin Running Clearance
New
Max. Wear Limit
Connecting Rod-to-Crankpin Side Clearance
Connecting Rod-to-Piston Pin Running Clearance
Piston Pin End I.D. @ 70°F
New
Max. Wear Limit
Crankcase
Governor Cross Shaft Bore I.D.
New
Max. Wear Limit
Crankshaft
End Play (free)
Crankshaft Bore (in crankcase)
New, Without Main Bearing
With Main Bearing Installed
Max. Wear Limit
Crankshaft to Sleeve Bearing (in crankcase) Running Clearance
New
Crankshaft Bore (in closure plate)
New, Without Bearing
Crankshaft to Sleeve Bearing (in closure plate) Running Clearance
New
Closure Plate End Main Bearing Journal
O.D. - New
O.D. - Max. Wear Limit
Max. Taper
Max. Out-of-Round
Connecting Rod Journal
O.D. - New
O.D. - Max. Wear Limit
Max. Taper
Max. Out-of-Round
Width
Crankshaft T.I.R.
PTO End, Crank in Engine
Entire Crank, in V-Blocks
Flywheel End Main Bearing Journal
O.D. - New
O.D. - Max. Wear Limit
Max. Taper
Max. Out-of-Round
Cylinder Bore
Cylinder Bore I.D.
New
Max. Wear Limit
Max. Taper
Max. Out-of-Round
Values are in Metric units. Values in parentheses are English equivalents.
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KohlerEngines.com
CH960
CH980
CH1000
44.030/44.037 mm (1.7334/1.7337 in.)
0.070 mm (0.0028 in.)
0.030/0.055 mm (0.0012/0.0022 in.)
0.070 mm (0.0028 in.)
0.30/0.59 mm (0.0118/0.0232 in.)
0.015/0.028 mm (0.0006/0.0011 in.)
19.023/19.015 mm (0.7489/0.7486 in.)
19.036 mm (0.7494 in.)
8.025/8.050 mm (0.3159/0.3169 in.)
8.088 mm (0.3184 in.)
0.30/1.50 mm (0.011/0.059 in.)
50.00/50.025 mm (1.9685/1.969 in.)
45.040/45.145 mm (1.7732/1.7773 in.)
45.158 mm (1.7778 in.)
0.040/0.167 mm (0.0015/0.0065 in.)
50.025/50.00 mm (1.9694/1.9685 in.)
0.040/0.167 mm (0.0015/0.0065 in.)
44.978/45.00 mm (1.770/1.771 in.)
44.90 mm (1.767 in.)
0.022 mm (0.0009 in.)
0.025 mm (0.0010 in.)
43.982/44.000 mm (1.731/1.732 in.)
43.97 mm (1.731 in.)
0.018 mm (0.0007 in.)
0.025 mm (0.0010 in.)
53.00/53.09 mm (2.0866/2.0901 in.)
0.279 mm (0.0110 in.)
0.10 mm (0.0039 in.)
44.978/45.00 mm (1.770/1.771 in.)
44.90 mm (1.767 in.)
0.022 mm (0.0009 in.)
0.025 mm (0.0010 in.)
90.000/90.025 mm (3.543/3.544 in.)
90.075 mm (3.546 in.)
0.013 mm (0.00051 in.)
0.013 mm (0.00051 in.)
3
62 690 01 Rev. C
Specifications
CLEARANCE SPECIFICATIONS3
Cylinder Head
Max. Out-of-Flatness
Governor
Governor Cross Shaft-to-Crankcase Running Clearance
Governor Cross Shaft O.D.
New
Max. Wear Limit
Governor Gear Shaft-to-Governor Gear Running Clearance
Governor Gear Shaft O.D.
New
Max. Wear Limit
Ignition
Spark Plug Gap
Ignition Module Air Gap
Crankshaft Bearing (flywheel/PTO)
New (installed)
Max. Wear Limit
Piston, Piston Rings, and Piston Pin
Piston-to-Piston Pin Running Clearance
Piston Pin Bore I.D.
New
Max. Wear Limit
Piston Pin O.D.
New
Max. Wear Limit
Top Compression Ring-to-Groove Side Clearance
Middle Compression Ring-to-Groove Side Clearance
Oil Control Ring-to-Groove Side Clearance
Top and Center Compression Ring End Gap
New
Max. Wear Limit
Piston Thrust Face O.D.7
New Bore
Used Bore (max.)
Piston Thrust Face-to-Cylinder Bore7 Running Clearance
New
Valves and Valve Lifters
Hydraulic Valve Lifter to Crankcase Running Clearance
Intake Valve Stem-to-Valve Guide Running Clearance
Exhaust Valve Stem-to-Valve Guide Running Clearance
Intake Valve Guide I.D.
New
Max. Wear Limit
Exhaust Valve Guide I.D.
New
Max. Wear Limit
Valve Guide Reamer Size
Standard
0.25 mm O.S.
Nominal Valve Face Angle
CH940
CH960
CH980
CH1000
0.076 mm (0.003 in.)
0.025/0.087 mm (0.0009/0.0034 in.)
7.963/8.000 mm (0.3135/0.3149 in.)
7.936 mm (0.3124 in.)
0.070/0.160 mm (0.0027/0.0063 in.)
5.990/6.000 mm (0.2358/0.2362 in.)
5.977 mm (0.2353 in.)
0.76 mm (0.030 in.)
0.28/0.33 mm (0.011/0.013 in.)
45.040/45.145 mm (1.773/1.777 in.)
45.158 mm
0.006/0.018 mm (0.0002/0.0007 in.)
19.006/19.013 mm (0.7482/0.7485 in.)
19.025 mm (0.7490 in.)
18.995/19.000 mm (0.7478/0.7480 in.)
18.994 mm (0.7478 in.)
0.04/0.08 mm (0.0015/0.0031 in.)
0.04/0.08 mm (0.0015/0.0031 in.)
0.03/0.19 mm (0.0011/0.0074 in.)
0.30/0.55 mm (0.011/0.021 in.)
0.94 mm (0.037 in.)
89.953/89.967 mm (3.5414/3.5420 in.)
89.925 mm (3.540 in.)
0.033/0.72 mm (0.0013/0.0028 in.)
0.012/0.050 mm (0.0004/0.0019 in.)
0.038/0.076 mm (0.0015/0.0030 in.)
0.050/0.088 mm (0.0020/0.0035 in.)
7.038/7.058 mm (0.2771/0.2779 in.)
7.135 mm (0.2809 in.)
7.038/7.058 mm (0.2771/0.2779 in.)
7.159 mm (0.2819 in.)
7.048 mm (0.2775 in.)
7.298 mm (0.2873 in.)
45°
Values are in Metric units. Values in parentheses are English equivalents.
Measure 11 mm (0.433 in.) above bottom of piston skirt at right angles to piston pin.
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
3
7
11
Specifications
GENERAL TORQUE VALUES
English Fastener Torque Recommendations for Standard Applications
Bolts, Screws, Nuts and Fasteners Assembled Into Cast Iron or Steel
Grade 2 or 5 Fasteners
Into Aluminum
Size
Grade 2
Tightening Torque: N·m (in. lb.) ± 20%
8-32
2.3 (20)
10-24
3.6 (32)
10-32
3.6 (32)
1/4-20
7.9 (70)
1/4-28
9.6 (85)
5/16-18
17.0 (150)
5/16-24
18.7 (165)
3/8-16
29.4 (260)
3/8-24
33.9 (300)
Grade 5
Grade 8
2.8 (25)
4.5 (40)
4.5 (40)
13.0 (115)
15.8 (140)
28.3 (250)
30.5 (270)
—
—
—
—
—
18.7 (165)
22.6 (200)
39.6 (350)
—
—
—
2.3 (20)
3.6 (32)
—
7.9 (70)
—
17.0 (150)
—
—
—
Tightening Torque: N·m (ft. lb.) ± 20%
5/16-24
—
3/8-16
—
3/8-24
—
7/16-14
47.5 (35)
7/16-20
61.0 (45)
1/2-13
67.8 (50)
1/2-20
94.9 (70)
9/16-12
101.7 (75)
9/16-18
135.6 (100)
5/8-11
149.5 (110)
5/8-18
189.8 (140)
3/4-10
199.3 (147)
3/4-16
271.2 (200)
—
47.5 (35)
54.2 (40)
74.6 (55)
101.7 (75)
108.5 (80)
142.4 (105)
169.5 (125)
223.7 (165)
244.1 (180)
311.9 (230)
332.2 (245)
440.7 (325)
40.7 (30)
67.8 (50)
81.4 (60)
108.5 (80)
142.5 (105)
155.9 (115)
223.7 (165)
237.3 (175)
311.9 (230)
352.6 (260)
447.5 (330)
474.6 (350)
637.3 (470)
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Metric Fastener Torque Recommendations for Standard Applications
Property Class
Size
4.8
5.8
Noncritical
Fasteners
Into Aluminum
8.8
10.9
12.9
Tightening Torque: N·m (in. lb.) ± 10%
M4
1.2 (11)
1.7 (15)
M5
2.5 (22)
3.2 (28)
M6
4.3 (38)
5.7 (50)
M8
10.5 (93)
13.6 (120)
2.9 (26)
5.8 (51)
9.9 (88)
24.4 (216)
4.1 (36)
8.1 (72)
14.0 (124)
33.9 (300)
5.0 (44)
9.7 (86)
16.5 (146)
40.7 (360)
2.0 (18)
4.0 (35)
6.8 (60)
17.0 (150)
Tightening Torque: N·m (ft. lb.) ± 10%
M10
21.7 (16)
27.1 (20)
M12
36.6 (27)
47.5 (35)
M14
58.3 (43)
76.4 (56)
47.5 (35)
82.7 (61)
131.5 (97)
66.4 (49)
116.6 (86)
184.4 (136)
81.4 (60)
139.7 (103)
219.7 (162)
33.9 (25)
61.0 (45)
94.9 (70)
Torque Conversions
N·m = in. lb. x 0.113
in. lb. = N·m x 8.85
N·m = ft. lb. x 1.356
ft. lb. = N·m x 0.737
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KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Tools and Aids
Certain quality tools are designed to help you perform specific disassembly, repair, and reassembly procedures. By
using these tools, you can properly service engines easier, faster, and safer! In addition, you’ll increase your service
capabilities and customer satisfaction by decreasing engine downtime.
Here is a list of tools and their source.
SEPARATE TOOL SUPPLIERS
Kohler Tools
Contact your local Kohler source of
supply.
SE Tools
415 Howard St.
Lapeer, MI 48446
Phone 810-664-2981
Toll Free 800-664-2981
Fax 810-664-8181
Design Technology Inc.
768 Burr Oak Drive
Westmont, IL 60559
Phone 630-920-1300
Fax 630-920-0011
TOOLS
Description
Alcohol Content Tester
For testing alcohol content (%) in reformulated/oxygenated fuels.
Camshaft Endplay Plate
For checking camshaft endplay.
Camshaft Seal Protector (Aegis)
For protecting seal during camshaft installation.
Cylinder Leakdown Tester
For checking combustion retention and if cylinder, piston, rings, or valves are worn.
Individual component available:
Adapter 12 mm x 14 mm (Required for leakdown test on XT-6 engines)
Dealer Tool Kit (Domestic)
Complete kit of Kohler required tools.
Components of 25 761 39-S
Ignition System Tester
Cylinder Leakdown Tester
Oil Pressure Test Kit
Rectifier-Regulator Tester (120 V AC/60Hz)
Dealer Tool Kit (International)
Complete kit of Kohler required tools.
Components of 25 761 42-S
Ignition System Tester
Cylinder Leakdown Tester
Oil Pressure Test Kit
Rectifier-Regulator Tester (240 V AC/50Hz)
Digital Vacuum/Pressure Tester
For checking crankcase vacuum.
Individual component available:
Rubber Adapter Plug
Electronic Fuel Injection (EFI) Diagnostic Software
For Laptop or Desktop PC.
EFI Service Kit
For troubleshooting and setting up an EFI engine.
Components of 24 761 01-S
Fuel Pressure Tester
Noid Light
90° Adapter
In-line "T" Fitting
Code Plug, Red Wire
Code Plug, Blue Wire
Shrader Valve Adapter Hose
Flywheel Holding Tool (CS)
For holding flywheel of CS series engines.
Flywheel Puller
For properly removing flywheel from engine.
Flywheel Strap Wrench
For holding flywheel during removal.
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
Source/Part No.
Kohler 25 455 11-S
SE Tools KLR-82405
SE Tools KLR-82417
Kohler 25 761 05-S
Design Technology Inc.
DTI-731-03
Kohler 25 761 39-S
Kohler 25 455 01-S
Kohler 25 761 05-S
Kohler 25 761 06-S
Kohler 25 761 20-S
Kohler 25 761 42-S
Kohler 25 455 01-S
Kohler 25 761 05-S
Kohler 25 761 06-S
Kohler 25 761 41-S
Design Technology Inc.
DTI-721-01
Design Technology Inc.
DTI-721-10
Kohler 25 761 23-S
Kohler 24 761 01-S
Design Technology Inc.
DTI-019
DTI-021
DTI-023
DTI-035
DTI-027
DTI-029
DTI-037
SE Tools KLR-82407
SE Tools KLR-82408
SE Tools KLR-82409
13
Tools and Aids
TOOLS
Description
Hydraulic Valve Lifter Tool
For removing and installing hydraulic lifters.
Ignition System Tester
For testing output on all systems, including CD.
Inductive Tachometer (Digital)
For checking operating speed (RPM) of an engine.
Offset Wrench (K and M Series)
For removing and reinstalling cylinder barrel retaining nuts.
Oil Pressure Test Kit
For testing/verifying oil pressure on pressure lubricated engines.
Radiator Tester
For pressure testing radiator and cap on Aegis liquid-cooled engines.
Rectifier-Regulator Tester (120 volt current)
Rectifier-Regulator Tester (240 volt current)
For testing rectifier-regulators.
Components of 25 761 20-S and 25 761 41-S
CS-PRO Regulator Test Harness
Special Regulator Test Harness with Diode
Spark Advance Module (SAM) Tester
For testing SAM (ASAM and DSAM) on engines with SMART-SPARK™.
Starter Servicing Kit (All Starters)
For removing and reinstalling drive retaining rings and brushes.
Individual component available:
Starter Brush Holding Tool (Solenoid Shift)
Triad/OHC Timing Tool Set
For holding cam gears and crankshaft in timed position while installing timing belt.
Valve Guide Reamer (K and M Series)
For properly sizing valve guides after installation.
Valve Guide Reamer O.S. (Command Series)
For reaming worn valve guides to accept replacement oversize valves. Can be used
in low-speed drill press or with handle below for hand reaming.
Reamer Handle
For hand reaming using Kohler 25 455 12-S reamer.
Valve Guide Service Kit (Courage, Aegis, Command, OHC)
For servicing worn valve guides.
AIDS
Description
Camshaft Lubricant (Valspar ZZ613)
Dielectric Grease (GE/Novaguard G661)
Dielectric Grease
Kohler Electric Starter Drive Lubricant (Inertia Drive)
Kohler Electric Starter Drive Lubricant (Solenoid Shift)
RTV Silicone Sealant
Loctite® 5900® Heavy Body in 4 oz. aerosol dispenser.
Only oxime-based, oil resistant RTV sealants, such as those listed, are approved
for use. Loctite® Nos. 5900® or 5910® are recommended for best sealing
characteristics.
Spline Drive Lubricant
14
KohlerEngines.com
Source/Part No.
Kohler 25 761 38-S
Kohler 25 455 01-S
Design Technology Inc.
DTI-110
Kohler 52 455 04-S
Kohler 25 761 06-S
Kohler 25 455 10-S
Kohler 25 761 20-S
Kohler 25 761 41-S
Design Technology Inc.
DTI-031
DTI-033
Kohler 25 761 40-S
SE Tools KLR-82411
SE Tools KLR-82416
Kohler 28 761 01-S
Design Technology Inc.
DTI-K828
Kohler 25 455 12-S
Design Technology Inc.
DTI-K830
SE Tools KLR-82415
Source/Part No.
Kohler 25 357 14-S
Kohler 25 357 11-S
Loctite® 51360
Kohler 52 357 01-S
Kohler 52 357 02-S
Kohler 25 597 07-S
Loctite® 5910®
Loctite® Ultra Black 598™
Loctite® Ultra Blue 587™
Loctite® Ultra Copper 5920™
Kohler 25 357 12-S
62 690 01 Rev. C
Tools and Aids
FLYWHEEL HOLDING TOOL
ROCKER ARM/CRANKSHAFT TOOL
A flywheel holding tool can be made out of an old junk
flywheel ring gear and used in place of a strap wrench.
1. Using an abrasive cut-off wheel, cut out a six tooth
segment of ring gear as shown.
2. Grind off any burrs or sharp edges.
3. Invert segment and place it between ignition bosses
on crankcase so tool teeth engage flywheel ring
gear teeth. Bosses will lock tool and flywheel in
position for loosening, tightening, or removing with a
puller.
A spanner wrench to lift rocker arms or turn crankshaft
may be made out of an old junk connecting rod.
1. Find a used connecting rod from a 10 HP or larger
engine. Remove and discard rod cap.
2. Remove studs of a Posi-Lock rod or grind off
aligning steps of a Command rod, so joint surface is
flat.
3. Find a 1 in. long capscrew with correct thread size to
match threads in connecting rod.
4. Use a flat washer with correct I.D. to slip on
capscrew and approximately 1 in. O.D. Assemble
capscrew and washer to joint surface of rod.
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
15
Troubleshooting
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
When troubles occur, be sure to check simple causes which, at first, may seem too obvious to be considered. For
example, a starting problem could be caused by an empty fuel tank.
Some general common causes of engine troubles are listed below and vary by engine specification. Use these to
locate causing factors.
Engine Cranks But Will Not Start
● Battery connected backwards.
● Blown fuse.
● Carburetor solenoid malfunction.
● Choke not closing.
● Clogged fuel line or fuel filter.
● Diode in wiring harness failed in open circuit mode.
● DSAI or DSAM malfunction.
● Empty fuel tank.
● Faulty electronic control unit.
● Faulty ignition coil(s).
● Faulty spark plug(s).
● Fuel pump malfunction-vacuum hose clogged or
leaking.
● Fuel shut-off valve closed.
● Ignition module(s) faulty or improperly gapped.
● Insufficient voltage to electronic control unit.
● Interlock switch is engaged or faulty.
● Key switch or kill switch in OFF position.
● Low oil level.
● Quality of fuel (dirt, water, stale, mixture).
● SMART-SPARKTM malfunction.
● Spark plug lead(s) disconnected.
Engine Will Not Crank
● Battery is discharged.
● Faulty electric starter or solenoid.
● Faulty key switch or ignition switch.
● Interlock switch is engaged or faulty.
● Loose wires or connections that intermittently ground
ignition kill circuit.
● Pawls not engaging in drive cup.
● Seized internal engine components.
Engine Starts But Does Not Keep Running
● Faulty carburetor.
● Faulty cylinder head gasket.
● Faulty or misadjusted choke or throttle controls.
● Fuel pump malfunction-vacuum hose clogged or
leaking.
● Intake system leak.
● Loose wires or connections that intermittently ground
ignition kill circuit.
● Quality of fuel (dirt, water, stale, mixture).
● Restricted fuel tank cap vent.
Engine Will Not Idle
● Engine overheated.
● Faulty spark plug(s).
● Idle fuel adjusting needle(s) improperly set.
● Idle speed adjusting screw improperly set.
● Inadequate fuel supply.
● Low compression.
● Quality of fuel (dirt, water, stale, mixture).
● Restricted fuel tank cap vent.
Engine Starts Hard
● Clogged fuel line or fuel filter.
● Engine overheated.
● Faulty ACR mechanism.
● Faulty or misadjusted choke or throttle controls.
● Faulty spark plug(s).
● Flywheel key sheared.
● Fuel pump malfunction-vacuum hose clogged or
leaking.
● Interlock switch is engaged or faulty.
● Loose wires or connections that intermittently ground
ignition kill circuit.
● Low compression.
● Quality of fuel (dirt, water, stale, mixture).
● Weak spark.
16
Engine Runs But Misses
● Carburetor adjusted incorrectly.
● Engine overheated.
● Faulty spark plug(s).
● Ignition module(s) faulty or improperly gapped.
● Incorrect crankshaft position sensor air gap.
● Interlock switch is engaged or faulty.
● Loose wires or connections that intermittently ground
ignition kill circuit.
● Quality of fuel (dirt, water, stale, mixture).
● Spark plug lead(s) disconnected.
● Spark plug lead boot loose on plug.
● Spark plug lead loose.
Engine Overheats
● Cooling fan broken.
● Excessive engine load.
● Fan belt failed/off.
● Faulty carburetor.
● High crankcase oil level.
● Lean fuel mixture.
● Low cooling system fluid level.
● Low crankcase oil level.
● Radiator, and/or cooling system components clogged,
restricted, or leaking.
● Water pump belt failed/broken.
● Water pump malfunction.
Engine Knocks
● Excessive engine load.
● Hydraulic lifter malfunction.
● Incorrect oil viscosity/type.
● Internal wear or damage.
● Low crankcase oil level.
● Quality of fuel (dirt, water, stale, mixture).
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Troubleshooting
Engine Loses Power
● Dirty air cleaner element.
● Engine overheated.
● Excessive engine load.
● Restricted exhaust.
● Faulty spark plug(s).
● High crankcase oil level.
● Incorrect governor setting.
● Low battery.
● Low compression.
● Low crankcase oil level.
● Quality of fuel (dirt, water, stale, mixture).
Engine Uses Excessive Amount of Oil
● Loose or improperly torqued fasteners.
● Blown head gasket/overheated.
● Breather reed broken.
● Clogged, broken, or inoperative crankcase breather.
● Crankcase overfilled.
● Incorrect oil viscosity/type.
● Worn cylinder bore.
● Worn or broken piston rings.
● Worn valve stems/valve guides.
Oil Leaks from Oil Seals, Gaskets
● Breather reed broken.
● Clogged, broken, or inoperative crankcase breather.
● Loose or improperly torqued fasteners.
● Piston blow by, or leaky valves.
● Restricted exhaust.
EXTERNAL ENGINE INSPECTION
NOTE: It is good practice to drain oil at a location away
from workbench. Be sure to allow ample time for
complete drainage.
Before cleaning or disassembling engine, make a
thorough inspection of its external appearance and
condition. This inspection can give clues to what
might be found inside engines (and cause) when it is
disassembled.
● Check for buildup of dirt and debris on crankcase,
cooling fins, grass screen, and other external surfaces.
Dirt or debris on these areas can cause overheating.
● Check for obvious fuel and oil leaks, and damaged
components. Excessive oil leakage can indicate a
clogged or inoperative breather, worn or damaged
seals or gaskets, or loose fasteners.
● Check air cleaner cover and base for damage or
indications of improper fit and seal.
● Check air cleaner element. Look for holes, tears,
cracked or damaged sealing surfaces, or other
damage that could allow unfiltered air into engine. A
dirty or clogged element could indicate insufficient or
improper maintenance.
● Check carburetor throat for dirt. Dirt in throat is further
indication that air cleaner was not functioning properly.
● Check if oil level is within operating range on dipstick.
If it is above, sniff for gasoline odor.
● Check condition of oil. Drain oil into a container; it
should flow freely. Check for metal chips and other
foreign particles.
Sludge is a natural by-product of combustion; a small
accumulation is normal. Excessive sludge formation
could indicate over rich fuel settings, weak ignition,
overextended oil change interval or wrong weight or
type of oil was used.
CLEANING ENGINE
WARNING
Cleaning Solvents can cause severe injury or
death.
Use only in well ventilated areas away from
ignition sources.
Carburetor cleaners and solvents are extremely
flammable. Follow cleaner manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions on its proper and safe use. Never use
gasoline as a cleaning agent.
After inspecting external condition of engine, clean
engine thoroughly before disassembly. Clean individual
components as engine is disassembled. Only clean
parts can be accurately inspected and gauged for wear
or damage. There are many commercially available
cleaners that will quickly remove grease, oil, and grime
from engine parts. When such a cleaner is used, follow
manufacturer’s instructions and safety precautions
carefully.
Make sure all traces of cleaner are removed before
engine is reassembled and placed into operation. Even
small amounts of these cleaners can quickly break down
lubricating properties of engine oil.
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
17
Troubleshooting
CRANKCASE VACUUM TEST
WARNING
WARNING
Carbon Monoxide can cause severe nausea,
fainting or death.
Avoid inhaling exhaust fumes.
Engine exhaust gases contain poisonous carbon
monoxide. Carbon monoxide is odorless, colorless,
and can cause death if inhaled.
Rotating Parts can cause severe injury.
Stay away while engine is in operation.
Keep hands, feet, hair, and clothing away from all
moving parts to prevent injury. Never operate engine
with covers, shrouds, or guards removed.
A partial vacuum should be present in crankcase when engine is operating. Pressure in crankcase (normally caused
by a clogged or improperly assembled breather) can cause oil to be forced out at oil seals, gaskets, or other available
spots.
Crankcase vacuum is best measured with either a water manometer or a vacuum gauge. Complete instructions are
provided in kits.
To test crankcase vacuum with manometer:
1. Insert rubber stopper into oil fill hole. Be sure pinch
clamp is installed on hose and use tapered adapters
to connect hose between stopper and one
manometer tube. Leave other tube open to
atmosphere. Check that water level in manometer is
at 0 line. Make sure pinch clamp is closed.
2. Start engine and run no-load high speed.
3. Open clamp and note water level in tube.
Level in engine side should be a minimum of 10.2
cm (4 in.) above level in open side.
If level in engine side is less than specified (low/no
vacuum), or level in engine side is lower than level in
open side (pressure), check for conditions in table
below.
4. Close pinch clamp before stopping engine.
To test crankcase vacuum with vacuum/pressure gauge:
1. Remove dipstick or oil fill plug/cap.
2. Install adapter into oil fill//dipstick tube opening,
upside down over end of a small diameter dipstick
tube, or directly into engine if a tube is not used.
Insert barbed gauge fitting into hole in stopper.
3. Run engine and observe gauge reading.
Analog tester–needle movement to left of 0 is a
vacuum, and movement to right indicates a pressure.
Digital tester–depress test button on top of tester.
Crankcase vacuum should be a minimum of 10.2 cm
(4 in.) of water. If reading is below specification, or if
pressure is present, check table below for possible
causes and conclusions.
Condition
Crankcase breather clogged or inoperative.
Conclusion
NOTE: If breather is integral part of valve cover and
cannot be serviced separately, replace valve
cover and recheck pressure.
Disassemble breather, clean parts thoroughly, check
sealing surfaces for flatness, reassemble, and recheck
pressure.
Seals and/or gaskets leaking. Loose or improperly torque Replace all worn or damaged seals and gaskets. Make
fasteners.
sure all fasteners are tightened securely. Use appropriate
torque valves and sequences when necessary.
Piston blow by or leaky valves (confirm by inspecting
Recondition piston, rings, cylinder bore, valves and
components).
valves guides.
Restricted exhaust.
Check exhaust screen/spark arrestor (if equipped). Clean
or replace as needed. Repair or replace any other
damaged/restricted muffler or exhaust system parts.
18
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Troubleshooting
COMPRESSION TEST
For Command Twins:
A compression test is best performed on a warm engine. Clean any dirt or debris away from base of spark plug(s)
before removing them. Be sure choke is off, and throttle is wide open during test. Compression should be at least 160
psi and should not vary more than 15% between cylinders.
All other models:
These engines are equipped with an automatic compression release (ACR) mechanism. It is difficult to obtain an
accurate compression reading because of ACR mechanism. As an alternative, use cylinder leakdown test described
below.
CYLINDER LEAKDOWN TEST
A cylinder leakdown test can be a valuable alternative to a compression test. By pressurizing combustion chamber
from an external air source you can determine if valves or rings are leaking, and how badly.
Cylinder leakdown tester is a relatively simple, inexpensive leakdown tester for small engines. This tester includes a
quick-connect for attaching adapter hose and a holding tool.
1. Run engine for 3-5 minutes to warm it up.
2. Remove spark plug(s) and air filter from engine.
3. Rotate crankshaft until piston (of cylinder being tested) is at top dead center (TDC) of compression stroke. Hold
engine in this position while testing. Holding tool supplied with tester can be used if PTO end of crankshaft is
accessible. Lock holding tool onto crankshaft. Install a 3/8 in. breaker bar into hole/slot of holding tool, so it is
perpendicular to both holding tool and crankshaft PTO.
If flywheel end is more accessible, use a breaker bar and socket on flywheel nut/screw to hold it in position. An
assistant may be needed to hold breaker bar during testing. If engine is mounted in a piece of equipment, it may
be possible to hold it by clamping or wedging a driven component. Just be certain that engine cannot rotate off of
TDC in either direction.
4. Install adapter into spark plug hole, but do not attach it to tester at this time.
5. Turn regulator knob completely counterclockwise.
6. Connect an air source of at least 50 psi to tester.
7. Turn regulator knob clockwise (increase direction) until gauge needle is in yellow set area at low end of scale.
8. Connect tester quick-connect to adapter hose. While firmly holding engine at TDC, gradually open tester valve.
Note gauge reading and listen for escaping air at combustion air intake, exhaust outlet, and crankcase breather.
Condition
Air escaping from crankcase breather.
Air escaping from exhaust system.
Air escaping from intake.
Gauge reading in low (green) zone.
Gauge reading in moderate (yellow) zone.
Gauge reading in high (red) zone.
62 690 01 Rev. C
Conclusion
Ring or cylinder worn.
Defective exhaust valve/improper seating.
Defective intake valve/improper seating.
Piston rings and cylinder in good condition.
Engine is still usable, but there is some wear present.
Customer should start planning for overhaul or
replacement.
Rings and/or cylinder have considerable wear. Engine
should be reconditioned or replaced.
KohlerEngines.com
19
Air Cleaner/Intake
AIR CLEANER
These systems are CARB/EPA certified and components
should not be altered or modified in any way.
Low-Profile Air Cleaner Components
B
C
D
E
F
A
A
C
E
Element Latch
Air Cleaner Cover
Paper Element
B
D
F
Air Cleaner Knob
Precleaner
Air Cleaner Base
Heavy-Duty Air Cleaner Components
M
I
H
J
L
G
N
K
G
I
K
M
Air Cleaner Housing
Element
Ejector Area
Retaining Clip
H
J
L
N
End Cap
Inner Element
Inlet Screen
Filter Minder
NOTE: Operating engine with loose or damaged air
cleaner components could cause premature
wear and failure. Replace all bent or damaged
components.
NOTE: Paper element cannot be blown out with
compressed air.
Low-Profile
Loosen knobs and remove air cleaner cover.
Precleaner
1. Remove precleaner from paper element.
2. Replace or wash precleaner in warm water with
detergent. Rinse and allow to air dry.
3. Saturate precleaner with new engine oil; squeeze
out excess oil.
4. Reinstall precleaner over paper element.
Paper Element
1. Rotate element latch (if equipped); remove paper
element with precleaner.
2. Separate precleaner from element; service
precleaner and replace paper element.
3. Install new paper element on base; install precleaner
over paper element; rotate element latch (if
equipped).
Reinstall air cleaner cover and secure with knobs.
Heavy-Duty
1. Unhook retaining clips and remove end cap(s).
2. Check and clean inlet screen (if equipped).
3. Pull air cleaner element out of housing and replace.
Check condition of inner element; replace when
dirty.
4. Check all parts for wear, cracks, or damage, and that
ejector area is clean.
5. Install new element(s).
6. Reinstall end cap(s) with dust ejector valve/screen
down; secure with retaining clips.
BREATHER TUBE
Ensure both ends of breather tube are properly
connected.
AIR COOLING
WARNING
Hot Parts can cause severe burns.
Do not touch engine while operating or just
after stopping.
Never operate engine with heat shields or guards
removed.
Proper cooling is essential. To prevent over heating,
clean screens, cooling fins, and other external surfaces
of engine. Avoid spraying water at wiring harness or any
electrical components. Refer to Maintenance Schedule.
20
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Fuel System
Typical carbureted fuel system and related components
include:
● Fuel tank and valve.
● Fuel lines.
● In-line fuel filter.
● Fuel pump.
● Carburetor.
Fuel from tank is moved through in-line filter and fuel
lines by fuel pump. Fuel then enters carburetor float bowl
and is drawn into carburetor body and mixed with air.
This fuel-air mixture is then burned in engine combustion
chamber.
FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS
Refer to Maintenance.
FUEL LINE
Low permeation fuel line must be installed on carbureted
Kohler Co. engines to maintain EPA and CARB
regulatory compliance.
FUEL PUMP
These engines use either a mechanical fuel pump, or
optional remote-mounted electric fuel pump assembly.
Operation of mechanical fuel pump occurs by direct
lever/pump actuation off rocker arm movement. Pumping
action causes diaphragm on inside of pump to pull fuel in
on its downward stroke and to push it into carburetor on
its upward stroke, internal check valves prevent fuel from
going backward through pump.
Fuel Pump Replacement
Mechanical fuel pump is an integral part of valve cover
assembly and not serviced separately.
1. Disconnect fuel lines from inlet and outlet fittings.
Note orientation.
2. Follow procedure for replacing valve cover. Refer to
Disassembly and Reassembly.
3. Reconnect fuel lines to inlet and outlet fittings and
secure with clamps.
FUEL SYSTEM TESTS
When engine starts hard or turns over but will not start, fuel system might be causing problems. Test fuel system by
performing following test.
3. Check operation of fuel pump.
1. Check for fuel in combustion chamber.
a. Disconnect and ground spark plug leads.
a. Remove fuel line from inlet fitting of carburetor.
b. Crank engine several times and observe flow.
b. Close choke on carburetor.
c. Crank engine several times.
d. Remove spark plug and check for fuel at tip.
2. Check for fuel flow from tank to fuel pump.
a. Remove fuel line from inlet fitting of fuel pump.
b. Hold line below bottom of tank. Open shut-off
valve (if equipped) and observe flow.
Condition
Fuel at tip of spark plug.
No fuel at tip of spark plug.
Fuel flows from fuel line.
No fuel flow from fuel line.
Fuel line condition.
62 690 01 Rev. C
Conclusion
Fuel is reaching combustion chamber.
Check fuel flow from fuel tank (step 2).
Check for faulty fuel pump (step 3).
If fuel pump is working, check for faulty carburetor. Refer
to Carburetor.
Check fuel tank cap vent, fuel pickup screen, in-line
filter, shut-off valve, and fuel line. Correct any observed
problem and reconnect line.
Check for a clogged fuel line. If fuel line is unobstructed,
check for overfilled crankcase and/or oil in pulse line. If
checks don't reveal cause of problem, replace pump.
KohlerEngines.com
21
Fuel System
CARBURETOR
Gasoline is extremely flammable and its vapors can
explode if ignited. Store gasoline only in approved
containers, in well ventilated, unoccupied buildings, away
from sparks or flames. Spilled fuel could ignite if it comes
in contact with hot parts or sparks from ignition. Never use
gasoline as a cleaning agent.
WARNING
Explosive Fuel can cause fires and severe
burns.
Do not fill fuel tank while engine is hot or
running.
Two-Barrel Carburetor Components
D
E
H
AB
F
Z
G
AA
I
B
AF
AC
C
AD
AE
A
K
L
U
T
Q
J
R
N
W
V
M
X
A
F
K
P
U
Z
AE
22
Y
Carburetor Body B
Subassembly
Retaining
G
Washer
O-ring (Fuel
L
Bowl-Upper)
Sealing Washer Q
Float Valve/
V
Inlet Needle
Choke Dust Cap AA
Choke Plate
AF
P
S
Idle Speed
Screw
Slow JetRight Side
O-ring (Fuel
Bowl-Lower)
Float
Main NozzleRight Side
Choke Shaft
Choke Plate
Screw
C
H
O
Idle Speed
Spring
Slow JetLeft Side
D
Screw
E
Ground Lead
I
O-ring
(Slow Jet)
J
Fuel Bowl
M
Drain Screw
N
Bowl Screw
O
Fuel Solenoid
R
Pin
Main NozzleLeft Side
Spring
S
Screw
Main JetRight Side
Bushing
T
Float Clip
Main JetLeft Side
Choke Lever
W
AB
KohlerEngines.com
X
AC
Y
AD
62 690 01 Rev. C
Fuel System
Engines in this series are equipped with a two-barrel,
side-draft carburetor with fixed main jets on a matching
intake manifold. Carburetor features a self-relieving
choke, serviceable slow jets, main jets, bowl drain and a
fuel shutdown solenoid.
Troubleshooting Checklist
When engine starts hard, runs rough, or stalls at low
idle speed, check these areas before adjusting or
disassembling carburetor.
1. Make sure fuel tank is filled with clean, fresh
gasoline.
2. Make sure fuel tank cap vent is not blocked and is
operating properly.
3. Make sure fuel is reaching carburetor. This includes
checking fuel shut-off valve, fuel tank filter screen,
in-line fuel filter, fuel lines and fuel pump for
restrictions or faulty components as necessary.
4. Make sure air cleaner base and carburetor are
securely fastened to engine using gaskets in good
condition.
5. Make sure air cleaner element (including precleaner
if equipped) is clean and all air cleaner components
are fastened securely.
6. Make sure ignition system, governor system,
exhaust system, and throttle and choke controls are
operating properly.
Troubleshooting-Carburetor Related Causes
Condition
Engine starts hard, runs rough, or
stalls at idle speed.
Engine runs rich (indicated by black,
sooty exhaust smoke, misfiring, loss
of speed and power, governor
hunting, or excessive throttle
opening).
Engine runs lean (indicated by
misfiring, loss of speed and power,
governor hunting, or excessive
throttle opening).
Fuel leaks from carburetor.
Possible Cause
Low idle fuel mixture (some models)/
speed improperly adjusted.
Clogged air cleaner.
Choke partially closed during
operation.
Low idle fuel mixture is improperly
adjusted.
Float level is set too high.
Conclusion
Adjust low idle speed tab, then adjust
low idle fuel needle.
Clean or replace air cleaner.
Check choke lever/linkage to ensure
choke is operating properly.
Adjust low idle fuel needle (some
models).
Adjust float according to Float
Replacement Procedure.
Dirt under fuel inlet needle.
Remove needle; clean needle and
seat and blow with compressed air.
Bowl vent or air bleeds plugged.
Remove low idle fuel adjusting
needle. Clean vent, ports, and air
bleeds. Blow out all passages with
compressed air.
Leaky, cracked, or damaged float.
Submerge float to check for leaks.
Low idle fuel mixture is improperly
Adjust low idle fuel needle (some
adjusted.
models).
Float level is set too low.
Adjust float according to Float
Replacement Procedure.
Idle holes plugged; dirt in fuel delivery Remove low idle fuel adjusting
channels.
needle. Clean main fuel jet and all
passages; blow out with compressed
air.
Float level set too high.
Adjust float according to Float
Replacement Procedure.
Dirt under fuel inlet needle.
Remove needle; clean needle and
seat and blow with compressed air.
Bowl vents plugged.
Blow out with compressed air.
Carburetor bowl gasket leaks.
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
Replace gasket.
23
Fuel System
Fuel Shut-off Solenoid
Most carburetors are equipped with a fuel shut-off
solenoid. Solenoid is attached to fuel bowl. Solenoid has
a spring-loaded pin that retracts when 12 volts is applied
to lead, allowing fuel flow to main jets. When current is
removed pin extends blocking fuel flow.
Below is a simple test, performed with engine off, that
can determine if solenoid is functioning properly:
1. Shut off fuel and remove solenoid from carburetor.
When solenoid is loosened and removed, gas will
leak out of carburetor. Have a container ready to
catch fuel.
2. Wipe tip of solenoid with a shop towel or blow with
compressed air to remove any remaining fuel. Take
solenoid to a location with good ventilation and no
fuel vapors present. You will also need a 12 volt
power source that can be switched on and off.
3. Be sure power source is switched OFF. Connect
positive power source lead to red lead of solenoid.
Connect negative power source lead to solenoid
body.
4. Turn power source ON and observe pin in center of
solenoid. Pin should retract with power ON and
return to its original position with power OFF. Test
several times to verify operation.
Carburetor Circuits
Float
Fuel level in bowl is maintained by float and fuel inlet
needle. Buoyant force of float stops fuel flow when
engine is at rest. When fuel is being consumed, float will
drop and fuel pressure will push inlet needle away from
seat, allowing more fuel to enter bowl. When demand
ceases, buoyant force of float will again overcome fuel
pressure, rising to predetermined setting and stop flow.
Slow and Mid-Range
At low speeds engine operates only on slow circuit.
As a metered amount of air is drawn through slow air
bleed jets, fuel is drawn through 2 main jets and further
metered through slow jets. Air and fuel are mixed in body
of slow jet and exit to transfer port. From transfer port,
air fuel mixture is delivered to idle progression chamber.
From idle progression chamber, air fuel mixture is
metered through idle port passages. At low idle when
vacuum signal is weak, air/fuel mixture is controlled by
setting of idle fuel adjusting screws. This mixture is then
mixed with main body of air and delivered to engine.
As throttle plate opening increases, greater amounts of
air/fuel mixture are drawn in through fixed and metered
idle progression holes. As throttle plate opens further,
vacuum signal becomes great enough so main circuit
begins to work.
Main (high-speed)
At high speeds/loads engine operates on main circuit.
As a metered amount of air is drawn through 4 air jets,
fuel is drawn through main jets. Air and fuel are mixed
in main nozzles then enter main body of airflow where
further mixing of fuel and air occurs. This mixture is then
delivered to combustion chamber. Carburetor has a fixed
main circuit; no adjustment is possible.
24
Carburetor Adjustments
NOTE: Carburetor adjustments should be made only
after engine has warmed up.
Carburetor is designed to deliver correct fuel-to-air
mixture to engine under all operating conditions. Main
fuel jet is calibrated at factory and is not adjustable.
Idle fuel adjusting needles are also set at factory and
normally do not need adjustment.
Low Idle Speed (RPM) Adjustment
NOTE: Actual low idle speed depends on application.
Refer to equipment manufacturer’s
recommendations. Low idle speed for basic
engines is 1200 RPM. To ensure best results
when setting low idle fuel needle, low idle speed
should be 1200 RPM (± 75 RPM).
1. Place throttle control into idle or slow position. Turn
low idle speed adjusting screw in or out to obtain a
low idle speed of 1200 RPM (± 75 RPM).
Governed Idle Speed Adjustment
1. Make sure governed idle spring is in outer hole in
governor lever and hole in governed idle (outer)
adjuster.
2. Make sure governor spring is in inner slot of
governor lever and hole in high speed (inner)
adjuster. Pull governor lever away from carburetor to
limit its travel and check that governor spring is
loose and not under any tension. Turn high-speed
(RPM) adjustment screw counterclockwise (if
required) until spring is loose.
3. Hold governor lever away from carburetor so throttle
lever is against idle speed (RPM) adjustment screw
of carburetor. Start engine and allow to warm up,
then adjust screw to set approximately 1200 RPM.
Check speed using a tachometer. Turn adjustment
screw (inner) clockwise (in) to increase or
counterclockwise (out) to decrease speed.
4. Release governor lever and check that throttle lever
is in idle (centered) position. Turn governed idle
(outer) adjustment screw to obtain equipment
manufacturer’s recommended idle speed
(1500-1800 RPM). Governed idle speed (RPM) is
typically 300 RPM (approximate) higher than low idle
speed.
5. Move throttle lever to wide-open/full throttle position
and hold in this position. Turn high speed screw to
obtain intended high speed no-load RPM. Governed
idle speed must be set before making this
adjustment.
Low Idle Fuel Adjustment
Lean
Lean
Adjust to
Adjust to
Midpoint
Midpoint
Rich
Left Side
KohlerEngines.com
Rich
Right Side
62 690 01 Rev. C
Fuel System
NOTE: Engines will have fixed low idle or limiter caps
on idle fuel adjusting needles. Step 2 can only
be performed within limits allowed by cap. Do
not attempt to remove limiter caps.
1. Place throttle control into idle or slow position. Adjust
low idle speed to 1200 RPM. Follow Low Idle Speed
(RPM) Adjustment.
2. Low idle fuel needle(s) setting: place throttle into idle
or slow position.
a. Turn 1 low idle fuel adjusting needle out
(counterclockwise) from preliminary setting until
engine speed decreases (rich). Note position of
needle. Now turn adjusting needle in (clockwise).
Engine speed may increase, then it will decrease
as needle is turned in (lean). Note position of
needle. Set adjusting needle midway between
rich and lean settings.
b. Repeat procedure on other low idle adjustment
needle.
3. Recheck/adjust Low Idle Speed (RPM) to specified
setting.
High Speed (RPM) Adjustment
1. With engine running, move throttle control to fast.
2. Turn inner adjustment screw outward to decrease, or
inward to increase RPM speed.
3. Stop when desired RPM speed is obtained.
Carburetor Servicing
WARNING
Accidental Starts can cause severe injury or
death.
Disconnect and ground spark plug lead(s)
before servicing.
Before working on engine or equipment, disable
engine as follows: 1) Disconnect spark plug lead(s). 2)
Disconnect negative (–) battery cable from battery.
NOTE: Main and slow jets are fixed and side specific
and can be removed if required. Fixed jets for
high altitudes are available.
● Inspect carburetor body for cracks, holes, and other
wear or damage.
● Inspect float for cracks, holes, and missing or
damaged float tabs. Check float hinge and shaft for
wear or damage.
● Inspect fuel inlet needle and seat for wear or damage.
● Inspect spring loaded choke plate to make sure it
moves freely on shaft.
Float Replacement/Overhaul/Choke Repair
NOTE: Inlet needle center pin is spring loaded. Make
sure float rests against fuel inlet needle without
depressing center pin.
If symptoms described in Troubleshooting-Carburetor
Related Causes indicate float level problems, remove
carburetor from engine to check and/or replace float.
Use a float kit to replace float, pin, float valve, clip, and
screw.
62 690 01 Rev. C
1. Perform removal procedures for appropriate air
cleaner and carburetor outlined in Disassembly.
2. Clean exterior surfaces of dirt or foreign material
before disassembling carburetor. Remove screws
and carefully separate fuel bowl from carburetor. Do
not damage fuel bowl O-rings. Transfer any
remaining fuel into an approved container. Save all
parts. Fuel can also be drained prior to bowl removal
by loosening/removing bowl drain screw.
3. Remove screw and lift out old float, pin, and inlet
needle. Discard all of parts. Seat for inlet needle is
not serviceable and should not be removed.
4. Clean carburetor bowl and inlet seat areas as
required. To reassemble fuel bowl go to step 23,
otherwise go to step 5.
5. Carefully remove main jets from carburetor. Note
and mark jets by location for proper reassembly.
Main jets may be size/side specific. After main jets
are removed, main nozzles can be removed out
through bottom of main towers. Note orientation/
direction of nozzles. End with 2 raised shoulders
should be out/down adjacent to main jets. Save
parts for cleaning and reuse.
6. Remove screw securing flat washer and ground lead
(if equipped) from top of carburetor, then carefully
pull (lift) out slow jets. Slow jets may be sized/side
specific. Mark or tag jets for proper reassembly. Note
small O-ring on bottom of each jet. Save parts for
cleaning and reuse unless a jet kit is also being
installed. Clean slow jets using compressed air. Do
not use wire or carburetor cleaner.
7. Remove idle speed (RPM) adjustment screw and
spring from carburetor. Discard parts.
Carburetor is now disassembled for appropriate
cleaning and installation of parts in overhaul kit.
Further disassembly is not necessary. Throttle shaft
assembly, fuel inlet seat, idle fuel adjustment screws
with limiter, and carburetor body, are non-serviceable
items and should not be removed. Choke shaft
assembly is serviceable, however it should not be
removed unless a choke repair kit will be installed.
To install choke repair kit go to step 8, otherwise go
to step 18.
8. Remove and discard plastic cap from end of choke
lever/shaft assembly.
9. Note position of spring legs and choke plate for
correct reassembly later. Remove screws attaching
choke plate to choke shaft. Pull shaft out of
carburetor body, note preload of spring and discard
removed parts.
10. Use a screw extractor (easy-out) and remove
original choke shaft bushing with old choke lever
from carburetor housing. Save bushing to use as a
driver for installing new bushing. Discard old lever.
11. Clean I.D. of both choke shaft bores as required.
12. Insert new bushing through new choke lever from
outside and start bushing in outer shaft bore.
Position choke lever so protruding boss on
carburetor housing is between 2 stops formed in
choke lever.
KohlerEngines.com
25
Fuel System
13. Turn old bushing upside down and use it as a driver
to carefully press or tap new bushing into carburetor
body until it bottoms. Check that choke lever pivots
freely without restriction or binding.
14. Install new return spring onto new choke shaft, so
outboard leg of spring is behind formed stop on end
of choke shaft.
Make sure it stays in this location during following
step.
15. Slide choke shaft and spring into carburetor. Pivot
(preload) shaft 3/4 turn counterclockwise with inner
leg of spring against formed stop within choke lever
as originally assembled. Outer leg of spring must still
be behind formed stop of choke shaft.
16. Place a drop of Loctite® 222MS™ on threads of each
new screw. Position and install new choke plate to
flat side of choke shaft. Start screws. Close choke
and check plate alignment within carburetor throat,
then tighten screws securely. Do not overtighten.
17. Check for proper operation and free movement of
parts. Install new cap.
18. Clean carburetor body, main jets, vent ports, seats,
etc., using a good commercially available carburetor
solvent. Keep away from plastic or rubber parts if
non-compatible. Use clean, dry compressed air to
blow out internal channels and ports. Do not use
metal tools or wire to clean orifices and jets. Inspect
and thoroughly check carburetor for cracks, wear, or
damage. Inspect fuel inlet seat for wear or damage.
Check spring loaded choke plate to make sure it
moves freely on shaft.
19. Install main nozzles into towers of carburetor body.
End of main nozzles with 2 raised shoulders should
be out/down (adjacent to main jets). Make sure
nozzles are completely bottomed. Carefully install
main jets into towers of carburetor body on
appropriate side, as identified when removal was
performed.
20. Make sure O-ring near bottom of each slow jet is
new, or in good condition. Align and insert slow jets
into top of carburetor.
21. Install large flat retaining washer and secure with
mounting screw, attaching ground lead if originally
secured by screw.
22. Install new idle speed (RPM) adjustment screw and
spring onto carburetor. Thread in until 3 or 4 threads
are exposed, as an initial adjustment.
23. Attach inlet needle to plastic tang of float with wire
clip. Formed 90° lip should point up, with needle
valve hanging down.
24. Install float and inlet needle down into seat and
carburetor body. Install new pivot pin through float
hinge and secure with new retaining screw.
25. Hold carburetor body so float assembly hangs
vertically and rests lightly against fuel inlet needle.
Inlet needle should be fully seated but center pin of
needle (on retainer clip end) should not be
depressed. Check float height adjustment.
Be sure to measure from casting surface, not rubber
gasket, if still attached.
26
26. Correct float height setting is 17 mm (0.669 in.) ± 1.5
mm (0.059 in.), measured from float bottom to body
of carburetor. Replace float if height is different than
specified. DO NOT attempt to adjust by bending float
tab.
27. When proper float height is obtained, carefully
reinstall fuel bowl onto carburetor, using new
O-rings. Secure with original screws. Torque screws
to 2.5 N·m (22 in. lb.) ± 0.3 N·m (3 in. lb.).
28. Set idle mixture screws at midpoint of available
adjustment as a preliminary setting.
29. Use new mounting gaskets for air cleaner and
carburetor. Reinstall carburetor and disassembled
components following Reassembly procedures.
30. Reconnect spark plug leads and negative battery
cable. Start engine and perform Low Idle Speed
Adjustment and Low Idle Fuel Needle(s) settings.
HIGH ALTITUDE OPERATION
This engine may require a high altitude carburetor
kit to ensure correct engine operation at altitudes
above 1219 meters (4000 ft.). To obtain high
altitude kit information or to find a Kohler
authorized dealer visit KohlerEngines.com or call
1-800-544-2444 (U.S. and Canada).
This engine should be operated in its original
configuration below 1219 meters (4000 ft.) as damage
may occur if high altitude carburetor kit is installed and
operated below 1219 meters (4000 ft.).
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Governor System
GOVERNOR
Governed speed setting is determined by position of throttle control. It can be variable or constant, depending on
engine application.
Governor is designed to hold engine speed constant under changing load conditions. Most engines are equipped with
a centrifugal flyweight mechanical governor. Governor gear/flyweight mechanism of mechanical governor is mounted
inside crankcase and is driven off gear on camshaft.
Governor Components
J
H
A
H
I
B
Inside Engine
G
C
D
E
F
A
Throttle Lever
B
Throttle Linkage
C
Nut
D
Governor Arm
E
Governor Spring
F
Governed Idle Spring
G
Cross Shaft
H
Flywieght
I
Regulating Pin
J
Governor Gear
This governor design works as follows:
● Centrifugal force acting on rotating governor gear
assembly causes flyweights to move outward as
speed increases. Governor spring tension moves
them inward as speed decreases.
● As flyweights move outward, they cause regulating pin
to move outward.
● Regulating pin contacts tab on cross shaft causing
shaft to rotate.
● One end of cross shaft protrudes through crankcase.
Rotating action of cross shaft is transmitted to throttle
lever of carburetor through external throttle linkage.
● When engine is at rest, and throttle is in fast position,
tension of governor spring holds throttle plate open.
When engine is operating, governor gear assembly is
rotating. Force applied by regulating pin against cross
shaft tends to close throttle plate. Governor spring
tension and force applied by regulating pin balance
each other during operation, to maintain engine
speed.
● When load is applied and engine speed and governor
gear speed decreases, governor spring tension moves
governor arm to open throttle plate wider. This allows
more fuel into engine, increasing engine speed. As
speed reaches governed setting, governor spring
tension and force applied by regulating pin will again
offset each other to hold a steady engine speed.
62 690 01 Rev. C
Governor Adjustments
NOTE: Do not tamper with governor setting. Overspeed
is hazardous and could cause personal injury.
Initial Adjustment Procedure
Make this adjustment whenever governor arm is
loosened or removed from cross shaft. Adjust as follows:
1. Make sure throttle linkage is connected to governor
arm and throttle lever on carburetor.
2. Loosen nut holding governor lever to cross shaft.
3. Move governor lever toward carburetor as far as it
will go (wide open throttle) and hold in this position.
4. Insert a long thin rod or tool into hole on cross shaft
and rotate shaft clockwise (viewed from end) as far
as it will turn, then torque nut to 7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.).
KohlerEngines.com
27
Lubrication System
This engine uses a full pressure lubrication system which delivers oil under pressure to crankshaft, camshaft,
connecting rod bearing surfaces, and hydraulic valve lifters.
A high-efficiency gerotor oil pump maintains high oil flow and oil pressure, even at low speeds and high operating
temperatures. A pressure relief valve limits maximum pressure of system. Closure plate must be removed to service
oil pickup, pressure relief valve, and oil pump.
Lubrication Components
H
A
G
I
F
B
D
E
C
A
Oil Filter
B
Back Side
C
Oil Cooler
D
Cylinder Shroud
F
Oil Fill Cap
G
Dipstick Tube
H
Pressure Switch
I
Dipstick
OIL RECOMMENDATIONS
Refer to Maintenance.
CHECK OIL LEVEL
NOTE: To prevent extensive engine wear or damage,
never run engine with oil level below or above
operating range indicator on dipstick.
Ensure engine is cool. Clean oil fill/dipstick areas of any
debris.
1. Remove dipstick; wipe oil off.
2. Reinsert dipstick into tube; press completely down.
3. Remove dipstick; check oil level. Level should be at
top of indicator on dipstick.
4. If oil is low on indicator, add oil up to top of indicator
mark.
5. Reinstall and secure dipstick.
28
E
Oil Drain Plug
CHANGE OIL AND FILTER
Change oil while engine is warm.
1. Clean area around oil fill cap/dipstick and drain plug.
Remove drain plug and oil fill cap/dipstick. Allow oil
to drain completely.
2. Clean area around oil filter; remove filter; wipe off
mounting surface. Reinstall drain plug and torque to
21.4 N·m (16 ft. lb.).
3. Place new filter in shallow pan with open end up. Fill
with new oil until oil reaches bottom of threads. Allow
2 minutes for oil to be absorbed by filter material.
4. Apply a thin film of clean oil to rubber gasket on new
filter.
5. Refer to instructions on oil filter for proper
installation.
6. Fill crankcase with new oil. Level should be at top of
indicator on dipstick.
7. Reinstall oil fill cap/dipstick and tighten securely.
8. Start engine; check for oil leaks. Stop engine; correct
leaks. Recheck oil level.
9. Dispose of used oil and filter in accordance with
local ordinances.
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Lubrication System
OIL COOLER
NOTE: Oil cooler is mounted under cylinder shroud.
Removal of cylinder shroud is necessary to
access oil cooler.
1. Clean fins with a brush or compressed air.
2. Remove screws securing oil cooler and tilt to clean
back side.
3. Reinstall oil cooler and torque to 2.2 N·m (20 in. lb.).
OIL SENTRY™ (if equipped)
This switch is designed to prevent engine from starting
in a low oil or no oil condition. Oil Sentry™ may not shut
down a running engine before damage occurs. In some
applications this switch may activate a warning signal.
Read your equipment manuals for more information.
Oil Sentry™ pressure switch is installed in closure plate
pressure port. On engines not equipped with Oil Sentry™
installation hole is sealed with a 1/8-27 N.P.T.F. pipe
plug.
Installation
1. Apply pipe sealant with Teflon® (Loctite® PST® 592™
Thread Sealant or equivalent) to threads of switch.
2. Install switch into tapped hole in closure plate.
3. Torque switch to 10.1 N·m (90 in. lb.).
Testing
Compressed air, a pressure regulator, pressure gauge,
and a continuity tester are required to test switch.
1. Connect continuity tester across blade terminal and
metal case of switch. With 0 psi pressure applied to
switch, tester should indicate continuity (switch
closed).
2. Gradually increase pressure to switch. As pressure
increases through range of 7-11 psi tester should
indicate a change to no continuity (switch open).
Switch should remain open as pressure is increased
to 90 psi maximum.
3. Gradually decrease pressure through range of 7-11
psi. Tester should indicate a change to continuity
(switch closed) down to 0 psi.
4. Replace switch if it does not operate as specified.
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
29
Electrical System
SPARK PLUGS
CAUTION
Electrical Shock can cause injury.
Do not touch wires while engine is running.
Spark Plug Component and Details
Inspection
Inspect each spark plug as it is removed from cylinder
head. Deposits on tip are an indication of general
condition of piston rings, valves, and carburetor.
Normal and fouled plugs are shown in following photos:
Normal
A
B
Plug taken from an engine operating under normal
conditions will have light tan or gray colored deposits. If
center electrode is not worn, plug can be set to proper
gap and reused.
Worn
D
C
A
C
Wire Gauge
Ground Electrode
B
D
Spark Plug
Gap
NOTE: Do not clean spark plug in a machine using
abrasive grit. Some grit could remain in spark
plug and enter engine causing extensive wear
and damage.
Engine misfire or starting problems are often caused
by a spark plug that has improper gap or is in poor
condition.
Engine is equipped with following spark plugs:
On a worn plug, center electrode will be rounded and
gap will be greater than specified gap. Replace a worn
spark plug immediately.
Wet Fouled
Gap
0.76 mm (0.03 in.)
Thread Size 14 mm
Reach
19.1 mm (3/4 in.)
Hex Size
15.9 mm (5/8 in.)
Refer to Maintenance for Repairs/Service Parts.
Service
Clean out spark plug recess. Remove plug and replace.
1. Check gap using wire feeler gauge. Adjust gap to
0.76 mm (0.03 in.).
2. Install plug into cylinder head.
3. Torque plug to 27 N·m (20 ft. lb.).
30
A wet plug is caused by excess fuel or oil in combustion
chamber. Excess fuel could be caused by a restricted air
cleaner, a carburetor problem, or operating engine with
too much choke. Oil in combustion chamber is usually
caused by a restricted air cleaner, a breather problem,
worn piston rings, or valve guides.
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Electrical System
ELECTRONIC IGNITION SYSTEMS
Ignition System Components
Carbon Fouled
F
A
E
B
Soft, sooty, black deposits indicate incomplete
combustion caused by a restricted air cleaner, over rich
carburetion, weak ignition, or poor compression.
Overheated
C
A
C
E
Chalky, white deposits indicate very high combustion
temperatures. This condition is usually accompanied
by excessive gap erosion. Lean carburetor settings,
an intake air leak, or incorrect spark timing are normal
causes for high combustion temperatures.
BATTERY
A 12-volt battery with 400 cold cranking amps (cca) is
generally recommended for starting in all conditions. A
smaller capacity battery is often sufficient if an
application is started only in warmer temperatures. Refer
to following table for minimum capacities based on
anticipated ambient temperatures. Actual cold cranking
requirement depends on engine size, application, and
starting temperatures. Cranking requirements increase
as temperatures decrease and battery capacity shrinks.
Refer to equipment's operating instructions for specific
battery requirements.
Battery Size Recommendations
Temperature
Battery Required
Above 32°F (0°C)
300 cca minimum
0°F to 32°F (-18°C to 0°C)
300 cca minimum
-5°F to 0°F (-21°C to -18°C)
300 cca minimum
Kill Switch/
Off Position of
Key Switch
Flywheel
Spark Plug
D
B
Air Gap
D
F
Magnet
Ignition Modules
There are 2 different types of ignition systems used on
these engines. All systems use an ignition module which
energizes spark plug. Difference in system is in way
ignition timing is triggered.
Both ignition systems are designed to be trouble free for
life of engine. Other than periodically checking/replacing
spark plugs, no maintenance or timing adjustments
are necessary or possible. Mechanical systems do
occasionally fail or break down. Refer to Troubleshooting
to determine root of a reported problem.
Reported ignition problems are most often due to poor
connections. Before beginning test procedure, check
all external wiring. Be certain all ignition-related wires
are connected, including spark plug leads. Be certain all
terminal connections fit snugly. Make sure ignition switch
is in run position.
-10°F (-23°C) or below
400 cca minimum
If battery charge is insufficient to turn over engine,
recharge battery.
Battery Maintenance
Regular maintenance is necessary to prolong battery
life.
Battery Test
To test battery, follow manufacturer's instructions.
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
31
Electrical System
Fixed Ignition System
This system uses a capacitive discharge (CD) coil. Ignition timing and spark remains constant regardless of engine
speed. Timing of spark is controlled by location of flywheel magnet group as referenced to engine TDC. A typical fixed
ignition system consists of:
● 1 magnet assembly which is permanently affixed to flywheel.
● 2 electronic capacitive-discharge ignition modules which mount on engine crankcase.
● 1 kill switch (or key switch) which grounds modules to stop engine.
● 2 spark plugs.
Wire Diagram-15/20/25 Amp Regulated Battery Charging System with Fixed Timing, Four Pin Connector
W
F
E
A
M
I
B
H
Q
X
S
B
G
N
P
B
O
O
K
C
R
T
U
M
V
V
J
D
L
A
Blue
B
Red
C
E
White (Ignition Kill)
F
Connector
I
Battery Negative
J
Starter
M
Spark Plug(s)
N
Q
Intake Manifold
Screw
U
Starter Solenoid
Tang
32
Green
D
Violet (Charging)
G
Battery
H
Battery Positive
K
Rectifier-Regulator
L
Oil Sentry™
Flywheel Stator
Assembly
O
Ignition Module(s)
P
Carburetor
R
Starter Solenoid Stud
S
Ground
T
Rectifier-Regulator
Connector
V
White
(AC Charging Leads)
W
Polarity Ribs
X
Solenoid Lead
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Electrical System
Wire Diagram-15/20/25 Amp Regulated Battery Charging System with Fixed Timing, Five Pin Connector, Key
Switch, and Fuse
H
I
J
N
O
P
K
M
B
G
AI
AG
AH
X
G
C
B
A
F
B
D
D
L
S
B
Q
Z
R
B
AD
Y
R
AF
A
T
F
AB
B
G
D
U
V
AC
C
AJ
AJ
S
AE
F
AA
W
E
8
A
Blue
B
Red
C
Green (Oil Sentry™
Pulse Signal)8
D
Yellow
E
Violet
F
White
G
Black
H
Key Switch
I
To Battery
J
To Accessory
K
Ground
L
To Rectifier-Regulator
M
To Magneto
N
To Starter
O
Oil Sentry™ Light
(Optional)
P
Oil Sentry™
Q
Carburetor Mounting
Stud
R
Ground
S
Spark Plug(s)
T
Flywheel Stator
Assembly
U
Ignition Module(s)
V
Rectifier-Regulator
W
Rectifier-Regulator
Connector
X
Battery
Y
Battery Negative
Z
Battery Positive
AA
Starter
AB
Fuse
AC
Starter Solenoid Stud
AD
Carburetor
AE
Starter Solenoid Tang
AF
Ignition Module
Mounting Screw
AG
Solenoid Lead
AH
Connector (5-Circuit)
AI
Connector (1-Circuit)
AJ
White
(AC Charging Leads)
Not valid with indicator light or no pressure switch.
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
33
Electrical System
Digital Spark Advance Ignition (DSAI) System
This system uses a digital microprocessor which is located in ignition modules. Ignition timing varies depending upon
engine speed with this system. There are 2 inductive-style ignition modules that control ignition timing based on
engine RPM. A typical DSAI application consists of:
● 1 magnet assembly, which is permanently affixed to flywheel.
● 2 inductive, 12-volt ignition modules, which mount on engine crankcase.
● 1 12-volt battery, which supplies current to ignition modules.
● 1 kill switch (or key switch) which grounds spark advance module to stop engine.
● 2 spark plugs.
Wire Diagram-15/20/25 Amp Regulated Battery Charging System with DSAI Ignition, Five Pin Connector and
Key Switch
N
M
H
I
AE
J
L
K
B
D
C
D
F
T
AF
AG
B
AC
B
R
J
G
B
D
Q
P
G
B
G
A
S
A
X
W
V
U
AA
F
J
AB
W
Y
B
AD
AI
B
X
F
Z
E
B
O
A
Blue
B
Red
C
E
I
Violet
To Accessory
F
J
White
Ground
G
K
M
To Starter
N
Key Switch
O
Q
Battery Negative
R
Battery Positive
S
U
Carburetor
V
Y
Rectifier-Regulator
Carburetor Mounting
Stud
AG
8
Solenoid Lead
G
AH
G F
B
AH
AC
W
Green (Oil Sentry™
Pulse Signal)8
Black
To Rectifier-Regulator
Rectifier-Regulator
Connector
Oil Sentry™ Light
(Optional)
D
Yellow (Accessory)
H
L
To Battery
To Magneto
P
Battery
T
Oil Sentry™
W
Ignition Module(s)
X
Spark Plug(s)
Z
Flywheel Stator
Assembly
Starter
AA
Fuse
AB
Starter Solenoid Stud
AD
Starter Solenoid Tang
AE
Connector (5-Circuit)
AF
Connector (1-Circuit)
AH
White
(AC Charging Leads)
AI
Spark Plug Lead
Not valid with indicator light or no pressure switch.
34
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Electrical System
Wire Diagram-15/20/25 Amp Regulated Battery Charging System with DSAI Ignition and Four Pin Connector
(LP-NG Kohler Power Systems Application)
H
G
A
C
AB
E
Z
AE
S
Q
J
A
R
K
T
P
I
AA
Z
T
O
D
C
L
F
T
AD
U
S
M
AD
V
N
X
W Y
B
AC
Red
B
Green
C
Orange
D
E
White
I
Battery
F
Black
J
Battery Positive
G
Connector
H
Polarity Ribs
K
Battery Negative
L
Starter Solenoid Stud
M
External Starter
Solenoid Wire
N
Starter
O
Rectifier-Regulator
Connector
P
Rectifier-Regulator
Q
Carburetor
R
Flywheel Stator
Assembly
S
Spark Plug(s)
T
Ignition Module(s)
U
Spark Plug Lead
V
Black (Ground)
W
Red (B+)
X
White (Shut Off)
Y
Green (LP/NG Switch)
Z
Ground
AA
Module Mounting
Screw
AB
Carburetor Mounting
Stud
AC
Oil Sentry™
AD
White
(AC Charging Leads)
AE
Solenoid Lead
A
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
Violet
35
Electrical System
Wire Diagram-15/20/25 Amp Regulated Battery Charging System with DSAI Ignition and Five Pin Connector
(Gasoline/LP-NG Non-Kohler Power Systems Application)
H
I
B
D
AF
X
AE
A
S
K
W
B
T
L
F
V
Q
J
U
X
T
R
M
G
E
Y
Z
S
N
T
B
Y
AA
AC
AB
O
AD
C
P
Blue
B
Red
C
Green
D
E
Violet
I
Polarity Ribs
F
White
J
Battery
G
Black
H
Connector
K
Battery Positive
L
Battery Negative
M
Starter Solenoid Stud
N
Starter Solenoid Tang
O
Starter
P
Oil Sentry™
Q
Rectifier-Regulator
R
Rectifier-Regulator
Connector
S
Spark Plug(s)
T
Ignition Module(s)
U
Module Mounting
Screw
V
Flywheel Stator
Assembly
W
Carburetor
X
Ground
Y
White
(AC Charging Leads)
Z
Spark Plug Lead
AA
Black (Ground)
AB
Red (B+)
AC
White (Shut Off)
AD Green (LP/NG Switch) AE
Solenoid Lead
AF
Carburetor Mounting
Stud
A
36
KohlerEngines.com
Orange
62 690 01 Rev. C
Electrical System
Electronic Ignition Systems Tests
Special Tools Required:
NOTE: Ignition tester must be used to test ignition on these engines. Use of any other tester can result in inaccurate
findings. Battery on unit must be fully charged and properly connected before performing tests (a battery that
is hooked up or charged backward will crank engine but it won’t have spark). Be certain drive is in neutral and
all external loads are disconnected.
● Hand tachometer.
● Ignition tester.
● Automotive timing light.
● Multi-meter (digital).
Specifications Required:
● 0.76 mm (0.03 in.).
Test Ignition Systems
NOTE: If engine starts or runs during testing, you may need to ground kill lead to shut it down. Because you have
interrupted kill circuit, it may not stop using switch.
Isolate and verify trouble is within engine.
1. Locate connectors where wiring harnesses from engine and equipment are joined. Separate connectors and
remove white kill lead from engine connector. Rejoin connectors and position or insulate kill lead terminal so it
cannot touch ground. Try to start engine to verify whether reported problem is still present.
Condition
Problem goes away.
Problem persists.
Possible Cause
Electrical System
Ignition or Electrical System
Conclusion
Check key switch, wires, connections,
safety interlocks, etc.
Leave kill lead isolated until all testing
is completed.
Identify white kill lead of engine
wiring harness connector. Establish
a connection to a known good
ground location. Engine should kill
completely. If not or only one cylinder
is affected, test ignition modules and
white kill lead connection for affected
DSAI module (DSAI only).
Test for Spark
NOTE: If 2 testers are available, testing can be performed simultaneously for both cylinders. However, if only 1 tester
is available, 2 individual tests must be performed. Side not being tested must have spark plug lead connected
or grounded. Do not crank engine or perform tests with 1 spark plug lead disconnected and not grounded, or
permanent system damage may occur.
1. With engine stopped, disconnect 1 spark plug lead. Connect spark plug lead to post terminal of spark tester and
attach tester clip to a good engine ground.
2. Crank engine over, establishing a minimum of 550-600 RPM, and observe tester(s) for spark.
3. Repeat spark test on opposite cylinder if cylinders are being tested individually.
Condition
Both cylinders have good spark but
engine runs poorly or existing plug
condition is questionable.
Possible Cause
Spark Plug(s)
1 cylinder has good spark and other
cylinder has no or intermittent spark.
Spark on both cylinders but power is
suspect.
Ignition
62 690 01 Rev. C
Timing Advance
KohlerEngines.com
Conclusion
Install new spark plug(s) and retest
engine performance.
If problem persists, check for timing
advance (DSAI only).
Test ignition modules and
connections (DSAI only).
Check for timing advance (DSAI
only).
37
Electrical System
Test Timing Advance (DSAI only)
1. Make a line near edge of flywheel screen with a marking pen, chalk, or narrow tape.
2. Connect an automotive timing light to cylinder that had good spark.
3. Run engine at idle and use timing light beam to locate line on screen. Draw a line on blower housing next to line
on screen. Accelerate to full throttle and watch for movement of line on screen relative to line on blower housing.
If both cylinders had good spark, repeat test on other cylinder.
Condition
Line on screen did not move away
from line on blower housing during
acceleration.
Lines made on blower housing not
90° apart.
Possible Cause
Ignition
Conclusion
Test ignition modules and
connections.
Test Ignition Modules and Connections (DSAI only)
1. Remove blower housing from engine. Inspect wiring for any damage, cuts, bad crimps, loose terminals, or broken
wires. Check that connections are oriented properly on terminals of modules.
2. Disconnect leads from ignition module(s) and clean all of terminals (male and female) with aerosol electrical
contact cleaner to remove any old dielectric compound, dark residue, dirt, or contamination. Disconnect spark
plug leads from spark plugs.
3. Using a multi-meter, check that a proper ground is established between ground (black) lead of DSAI module
(closest to spark plug lead) and a known good ground location on engine.
4. Turn key switch to ON position and check for 12 volts at center/power (red) lead terminal of DSAI module. Use
same ground location for multi-meter as in checking for timing advance.
Condition
All tests are OK but module has no
spark or fails to advance.
Any test is BAD.
38
Possible Cause
Ignition Module
Ignition Module or Connections
KohlerEngines.com
Conclusion
Replace affected module.
Determine cause and fix as required;
retest.
62 690 01 Rev. C
Electrical System
BATTERY CHARGING SYSTEM
NOTE: Observe following guidelines to avoid damage to electrical system and components:
● Make sure battery polarity is correct. A negative (-) ground system is used.
● Disconnect rectifier-regulator plug and/or wiring harness plug before doing any electric welding on equipment
powered by engine. Disconnect all other electrical accessories in common ground with engine.
● Prevent stator (AC) leads from touching or shorting while engine is running. This could damage stator.
NOTE: 20 amp charging systems use a 15 amp stator with a 25 amp rectifier-regulator.
Most engines are equipped with a 15, 20, or 25 amp regulated charging system.
15/20/25 Amp Regulated Charging System
Stator
Stator is mounted on crankcase behind flywheel. Follow procedures in Disassembly and Reassembly if stator
replacement is necessary.
Rectifier-Regulator
NOTE: When installing rectifier-regulator, take note of terminal positions and install plug correctly.
NOTE: Disconnect all electrical connections attached to rectifier-regulator. Testing may be performed with rectifierregulator mounted or loose. Repeat applicable test procedure 2 or 3 times to determine condition of part.
Rectifier-regulator is mounted on backing shroud assembly. To replace it, disconnect plug, remove mounting screws,
and ground lead.
Testing rectifier-regulator may be performed as follows, using appropriate rectifier-regulator tester.
To test 20/25 amp rectifier-regulators:
1. Connect single lead adapter in between B+ (center)
terminal of rectifier-regulator being tested and
squared single end of tandem adapter lead.
2. Connect tester ground lead (with spring clamp) to
body of rectifier-regulator.
3. Connect red lead and 1 black lead to terminals on
open end of tandem adapter lead (connections are
not location specific).
4. Connect remaining black lead from tester to 1 outer
AC terminal on rectifier-regulator.
5. Plug tester into proper AC outlet/power for tester
being used. Turn on power switch. POWER light
should be illuminated and 1 of 4 status lights may be
on as well. This does not represent condition of part.
6. Press TEST button until a click is heard and then
release. Momentarily 1 of 4 lights will illuminate
indicating partial condition of part.
Condition
OK (green) light comes on and stays steady.
NOTE: A flashing LOW light can also occur as
a result of an inadequate ground lead
connection. Make certain connection
location is clean and clamp is secure.
Other lights come on.
62 690 01 Rev. C
To test 15 amp rectifier-regulators:
1. Connect tester ground lead (with spring clamp) to
body of rectifier-regulator being tested.
2. Connect tester red lead to B+ terminal of rectifierregulator and 2 black tester leads to 2 AC terminals.
3. Plug tester into proper AC outlet/power for tester
being used. Turn on power switch. POWER light
should be illuminated and 1 of 4 status lights may be
on as well. This does not represent condition of part.
4. Press TEST button until a click is heard and then
release. Momentarily 1 of 4 status lights will
illuminate indicating condition of part.
Conclusion
20/25 amp
15 amp
Disconnect tester black lead
Part is good and may be used.
attached to 1 AC terminal and
reconnect it to other AC terminal.
Repeat test. If OK (green) light
comes on again, part is good
and may be used.
Rectifier-regulator is faulty and should not be used.
KohlerEngines.com
39
Electrical System
15/20/25 Amp Battery Charging Systems
NOTE: Always zero ohmmeter on each scale before testing to ensure accurate readings. Voltage tests should be
made with engine running at 3600 RPM with no load. Battery must be good and fully charged.
When problems occur in keeping battery charged or battery charges at high rate, charging system or battery might be
causing problems.
To test charging system for no charge to battery:
1. Insert an ammeter in B+ lead from rectifier-regulator.
With engine running at 3600 RPM and B+ (at
terminal on rectifier-regulator) to ground using a DC
voltmeter.
If voltage is 13.8 volts or more, place a minimum
load of 5 amps (turn on lights if 60 watts or more, or
place a 2.5 ohm, 100 watt resistor across battery
terminals) on battery to reduce voltage. Observe
ammeter.
Condition
Charge rate increases
when load is applied.
Charge rate does not
increase when load is
applied.
Conclusion
Charging system is OK
and battery was fully
charged.
Test stator and rectifierregulator (steps 2 and 3).
To test charging system for battery continuously charging
at high rate:
1. With engine running at 3600 RPM, measure voltage
from B+ lead to ground using a DC voltmeter.
Condition
Voltage is 14.7 volts or
less.
Voltage is more than 14.7
volts.
Conclusion
Charging system is OK.
Battery is unable to hold
charge; service or replace.
Faulty rectifier-regulator;
replace.
2. Remove connector from rectifier-regulator. With
engine running at 3600 RPM, measure AC voltage
across stator leads using an AC voltmeter.
Condition
Voltage is 28 volts or
more.
Voltage is less than 28
volts.
Conclusion
Stator is OK. Rectifierregulator is faulty; replace.
Stator is faulty; replace.
Test stator further using an
ohmmeter (steps 3 and 4).
3. With engine stopped, measure resistance across
stator leads using an ohmmeter.
Condition
Resistance is 0.1/0.2
ohms.
Resistance is 0 ohms.
Resistance is infinity
ohms.
Conclusion
Stator is OK.
Stator is shorted; replace.
Stator is open; replace.
4. With engine stopped, measure resistance from each
stator lead to ground using an ohmmeter.
Condition
Resistance is infinity ohms
(no continuity).
Resistance (or continuity)
measured.
40
Conclusion
Stator is OK (not shorted
to ground).
Stator leads are shorted to
ground; replace.
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Electrical System
ELECTRIC STARTING MOTOR
NOTE: Do not crank engine continuously for more than 10 seconds. Allow a 60 second cool down period between
starting attempts. Failure to follow these guidelines can burn out starter motor.
NOTE: If engine develops sufficient speed to disengage starter but does not keep running (a false start), engine
rotation must be allowed to come to a complete stop before attempting to restart engine. If starter is engaged
while flywheel is rotating, starter pinion and flywheel ring gear may clash and damage starter.
NOTE: If starter does not crank engine, shut off starter immediately. Do not make further attempts to start engine until
condition is corrected.
NOTE: Do not drop starter or strike starter frame. Doing so can damage starter.
Engines in this series use solenoid shift starters.
Operation-Solenoid Shift Starter
When power is applied to starter electric solenoid moves drive pinion out onto drive shaft and into mesh with flywheel
ring gear. When pinion reaches end of drive shaft it rotates flywheel and cranks engine.
When engine starts and start switch is released, starter solenoid is deactivated, drive lever moves back, and drive
pinion moves out of mesh with ring gear into retracted position.
Troubleshooting-Starting Difficulties
Condition
Starter does not energize.
Possible Cause
Battery
Wiring
Starter Switch
or Solenoid
Starter energizes but turns
slowly.
Battery
Brushes
Transmission
or
Engine
62 690 01 Rev. C
Conclusion
Check specific gravity of battery. If low, recharge or replace
battery as necessary.
Clean corroded connections and tighten loose connections.
Replace wires in poor condition and with frayed or broken
insulation.
By-pass switch or solenoid with a jumper wire. If starter cranks
normally, replace faulty components. Remove and perform
individual solenoid test procedure.
Check specific gravity of battery. If low, recharge or replace
battery as necessary.
Check for excessively dirty or worn brushes and commutator.
Clean using a coarse cloth (not emery cloth).
Replace brushes if excessively or unevenly worn.
Make sure clutch or transmission is disengaged or placed
in neutral. This is especially important on equipment with
hydrostatic drive. Transmission must be exactly in neutral to
prevent resistance which could keep engine from starting.
Check for seized engine components such as bearings,
connecting rod, and piston.
KohlerEngines.com
41
Electrical System
Solenoid Shift Starter Components
I
H
J
G
K
F
L
E
M
D
N
C
O
Inspection
Drive Pinion
Check and inspect following areas:
● Pinion teeth for abnormal wear or damage.
● Surface between pinion and clutch mechanism for
nicks or irregularities which could cause seal damage.
● Check drive clutch by holding clutch housing and
rotating pinion. Pinion should rotate in only 1 direction.
Brushes and Springs
Detail
P
Q
B
R
S
A
5. Remove commutator end plate assembly, containing
brush holder, brushes, springs, and locking caps.
Remove thrust washer from inside commutator end.
6. Remove frame from armature and drive end cap.
7. Remove drive lever pivot bushing and backing plate
(if equipped) from end cap.
8. Take out drive lever and pull armature out of drive
end cap.
9. Remove thrust washer from armature shaft.
10. Push stop collar down to expose retaining ring.
11. Remove retainer from armature shaft. Save stop
collar.
12. Remove drive pinion assembly from armature.
13. Clean parts as required.
T
A
U
A
C
E
G
I
K
M
O
Q
S
U
Tube
Armature
Stop
Collar
Screw
Spring
Plate
Solenoid
Brush Holder
Commutator End
Plate
Bolt
B
D
F
H
J
L
N
P
R
T
Washer
Drive
Retaining Ring
Drive End Cap
Plunger
Lever
Plug
Frame and Field
Nut
Screw
Starter Disassembly
NOTE: Do not reuse old retainer.
NOTE: Do not soak armature or use solvent when
cleaning. Wipe clean using a soft cloth, or use
compressed air.
1. Remove hex nut and disconnect positive (+) brush
lead/bracket from solenoid terminal.
2. Remove screws securing solenoid to starter.
3. Unhook plunger pin from drive lever. Remove gasket
from recess in housing.
4. Remove thru (larger) bolts.
42
Wear Limit Length
A
Inspect both springs and brushes for wear, fatigue, or
damage. Measure length of each brush. Minimum length
for each brush is 7.6 mm (0.300 in.). Replace brushes if
they are worn, undersize, or condition is questionable.
Armature
Components and Details
A
B
A
Commutator O.D.
KohlerEngines.com
B
Mica Insulation
62 690 01 Rev. C
Electrical System
C
3.
D
E
4.
C
Insulation Check
D
Armature Coil
E
Continuity Check
1. Clean and inspect commutator (outer surface). Mica
insulation must be lower than commutator bars
(undercut) to ensure proper operation of
commutator.
2. Use an ohmmeter set to Rx1 scale. Touch probes
between 2 different segments of commutator, and
check for continuity. Test all segments. Continuity
must exist between all or armature is bad.
3. Check for continuity between armature coil
segments and commutator segments. There should
be no continuity. If continuity exists between any 2
armature is bad.
4. Check armature windings/insulation for shorting.
Shift Fork
Check that shift fork is complete, and pivot and contact
areas are not excessively worn, cracked, or broken.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Brush Replacement
4 brushes and springs are serviced as a set. Use a new
Kohler brush and spring kit if replacement is necessary.
1. Perform steps 1-5 in Starter Disassembly.
2. Remove screws securing brush holder assembly to
end cap (plate). Note orientation for reassembly later.
Discard old brush holder assembly.
3. Clean component parts as required.
New brushes and springs come preassembled in a
brush holder with a protective sleeve that will also
serve as an installation tool.
4. Perform steps 10-13 in Starter Reassembly
sequence. If starter has been disassembled,
installation must be done after armature, drive lever,
and frame are installed.
Starter Reassembly
NOTE: Always use a new retainer. Do not reuse old
retainers that have been removed.
NOTE: Correctly installed, center pivot section of drive
lever will be flush or below machined surface of
housing.
1. Apply drive lubricant to armature shaft splines. Install
drive pinion onto armature shaft.
2. Install and assemble stop collar/retainer assembly.
a. Install stop collar down onto armature shaft with
counter bore (recess) up.
62 690 01 Rev. C
11.
b. Install a new retainer in larger (rear) groove of
armature shaft. Squeeze with a pliers to
compress it in groove.
c. Slide stop collar up and lock it into place, so
recess surrounds retainer in groove. If necessary,
rotate pinion outward on armature splines against
retainer to help seat collar around retainer.
Install offset thrust (stop) washer so smaller offset of
washer faces retainer/collar.
Apply a small amount of oil to bearing in drive end
cap, and install armature with drive pinion.
Lubricate fork end and center pivot of drive lever
with drive lubricant. Position fork end into space
between captured washer and rear of pinion.
Slide armature into drive end cap and at same time
seat drive lever into housing.
Install rubber grommet into matching recess of drive
end cap. Molded recesses in grommet should be
out, matching and aligned with those in end cap.
Install frame, with small notch forward, onto
armature and drive end cap. Align notch with
corresponding section in rubber grommet. Install
drain tube in rear cutout, if it was removed
previously.
Install flat thrust washer onto commutator end of
armature shaft.
Starter reassembly when replacing brushes/brush
holder assembly:
a. Hold starter assembly vertically on end housing,
and carefully position assembled brush holder
assembly, with supplied protective tube, against
end of commutator/armature. Mounting screw
holes in metal clips must be up/out. Slide brush
holder assembly down into place around
commutator, and install positive (+) brush lead
grommet in cutout of frame. Protective tube may
be saved and used for future servicing.
Starter reassembly when not replacing brushes/
brush holder assembly:
a. Carefully unhook retaining caps from brush
assemblies. Do not lose springs.
b. Position brushes back in their slots so they are
flush with I.D. of brush holder assembly. Insert
brush installation tool (with extension), or use
tube described above from a prior brush
installation, through brush holder assembly, so
holes in metal mounting clips are up/out.
c. Install brush springs and snap on retainer caps.
d. Hold starter assembly vertically on end housing,
and carefully place tool (with extension) and
assembled original brush holder assembly onto
end of armature shaft. Slide brush holder
assembly down into place around commutator,
install positive (+) brush lead grommet in cutout
of frame.
Install end cap onto armature and frame, aligning
thin raised rib in end cap with corresponding slot in
grommet of positive (+) brush lead.
KohlerEngines.com
43
Electrical System
12. Install thru bolts and brush holder mounting screws. Torque bolts to 5.6-9.0 N·m (49-79 in. lb.) and brush holder
mounting screws to 2.5-3.3 N·m (22-29 in. lb.).
13. Hook plunger behind upper end of drive lever and install spring into solenoid. Insert mounting screws through
holes in drive end cap. Use these to hold solenoid gasket in position, then mount solenoid. Torque screws to
4.0-6.0 N·m (35-53 in. lb.).
14. Connect positive (+) brush lead/bracket to solenoid and secure with nut. Torque nut to 8-11 N·m (71-97 in. lb.). Do
not overtighten.
Solenoid Tests
NOTE: DO NOT leave 12 volt test leads connected to solenoid for any time over what is necessary for performing
each of individual tests. Internal damage to solenoid may occur.
Disconnect all leads from solenoid including positive brush lead attached to lower stud terminal. Remove mounting
hardware and separate solenoid from starter for testing.
To test solenoid pull-in coil/plunger:
Actuation
1. Use a 12 volt power supply and 2 test leads.
2. Connect 1 lead to flat spade S/start terminal on
solenoid. Momentarily connect other lead to lower
large post terminal.
When connection is made solenoid should energize
(audible click) and plunger retract. Repeat test
several times.
Continuity
1. Use an ohmmeter set to audible or Rx2K scale, and
connect 2 ohmmeter leads to 2 large post terminals.
2. Perform solenoid pull-in coil/plunger actuation test
and check for continuity. Ohmmeter should indicate
continuity. Repeat test several times.
Condition
Solenoid fails to activate.
No continuity is indicated.
Plunger fails to stay retracted.
44
To test solenoid hold-in coil:
Function
1. Connect a 12 volt test lead to flat spade S/start
terminal on solenoid and other lead to body or
mounting surface of solenoid.
2. Manually push plunger IN and check if coil holds
plunger retracted. Do not allow test leads to remain
connected to solenoid for a prolonged period of time.
Continuity
1. Use an ohmmeter set to audible or Rx2K scale, and
connect 2 ohmmeter leads to 2 large post terminals.
2. Perform preceding solenoid hold-in coil function test
and check for continuity. Meter should indicate
continuity. Repeat test several times.
Conclusion
Replace solenoid.
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
WARNING
Accidental Starts can cause severe injury or
death.
Disconnect and ground spark plug lead(s)
before servicing.
Before working on engine or equipment, disable engine as
follows: 1) Disconnect spark plug lead(s). 2) Disconnect
negative (–) battery cable from battery.
External Engine Components
Q
U
A
T
B
C
S
D
E
F
R
Q
U
V
W
T
V
G
O
X
H
V
O P
I
N
J
H
K
I
M
L
K
A
Oil Filter
B
Oil Filter Nipple
C
Oil Filter Cup
D
Valve Spring
E
Cup Spring
F
Valve
G
Oil Filter Housing
H
Valley Baffle
I
Outer Cylinder Baffle
J
Electric Starter
K
Cylinder Shroud
L
Blower Housing
M
Fixed Guard
N
Oil Sentry™
O
O-ring
P
Pin
Q
Fitting
R
Oil Filter Adapter
S
Oil Cooler
T
Hose
U
Hose Clamp
V
Gasket
W
Carburetor
X
Intake Manifold
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
45
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
Clean all parts thoroughly as engine is disassembled.
Only clean parts can be accurately inspected
and gauged for wear or damage. There are many
commercially available cleaners that will quickly remove
grease, oil and grime from engine parts. When such a
cleaner is used, follow manufacturer’s instructions and
safety precautions carefully.
Make sure all traces of cleaner are removed before
engine is reassembled and placed into operation. Even
small amounts of these cleaners can quickly break down
lubricating properties of engine oil.
Disconnect Spark Plug Leads
NOTE: Pull on boot only, to prevent damage to spark
plug lead.
1. Disconnect leads from spark plugs.
2. Shut off fuel supply.
Drain Oil from Crankcase and Remove Oil Filter
1. Clean oil filter and housing area. Remove and
discard oil filter.
2. Remove dipstick and 1 oil drain plug.
3. Allow ample time for oil to drain from crankcase.
Remove Muffler
Remove exhaust system and attaching hardware from
engine.
Remove Cylinder Shrouds and Blower Housing
1. Remove top mounting screw and loosen shoulder
screws on each side. Lift off cylinder shrouds.
2. Remove mounting screws and separate blower
housing from lower half.
Remove Electric Starter Motor
1. Disconnect leads from starter.
2. Remove screws and starter.
Remove Air Cleaner Assembly
NOTE: Low-profile air cleaner is removed same way as
heavy-duty air cleaner.
1. Disconnect breather hose from air cleaner and
formed vent hose from vent port on carburetor.
2. Remove nuts, ground lead, and choke return spring
bracket from mounting studs.
3. Remove screws securing air cleaner and main
control bracket to intake manifold bosses.
4. Remove air cleaner as an assembly from engine.
46
Removing Control Bracket, Governor Springs, and
Lever
1. Unhook governed idle and governor springs from
controls on main bracket and governor lever. Note
color, location, and position of each.
2. Disconnect throttle linkage and dampening spring
from governor lever at small bushing.
3. Carefully pry off pal nut, remove washers (note
assembly order), and disconnect choke linkage from
pivot lever. Do not lose any parts. Secure remaining
pivot parts with tape to avoid losing them. Always
use a new pal nut during reassembly.
4. Remove rear mounting screw on each side and lift
off control bracket.
5. Loosen nut and remove governor lever from cross
shaft.
Remove Carburetor
WARNING
Explosive Fuel can cause fires and severe
burns.
Do not fill fuel tank while engine is hot or
running.
Gasoline is extremely flammable and its vapors can
explode if ignited. Store gasoline only in approved
containers, in well ventilated, unoccupied buildings,
away from sparks or flames. Spilled fuel could ignite
if it comes in contact with hot parts or sparks from
ignition. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent.
1. Disconnect fuel shut-off solenoid lead.
2. Remove fuel inlet hose from carburetor or fuel pump.
Properly contain any remaining fuel.
3. Remove carburetor and linkages with choke return
components as an assembly.
4. Remove carburetor gasket.
5. Carburetor and linkages can be separated as
necessary.
Remove Oil Sentry™ (if equipped)
1. Disconnect lead from Oil Sentry™ switch.
2. Remove Oil Sentry™ switch from closure plate.
Remove Baffles and Intake Manifold
1. Remove screws securing valley baffles to cylinder
heads and backing shroud assembly.
2. Remove screws securing outer cylinder baffles in
place. Screws are accessed from backing shroud
side.
3. Remove screws securing intake manifold to cylinder
heads. Cut any wire ties that secure wiring harness
or leads to intake manifold.
4. Remove intake manifold and gaskets.
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
Remove Oil Cooler
NOTE: New clamps are recommended any time
disassembly is performed, or if clamps have
been loosened (expanded) several times.
1. Remove oil cooler mounting screws. Do not lose any
washers (if used).
2. Loosen clamps and disconnect hoses from oil
cooler.
Remove Oil Filter Housing and Oil Filter Adapter
NOTE: Further disassembly of oil filter housing
assembly is not required unless being serviced
individually. Follow substeps a, b, and c.
1. Remove screw securing oil filter housing and
individual O-rings to adapter. Carefully separate
parts.
Perform following only if oil filter housing assembly
requires individual servicing.
a. Remove nipple from cup and oil filter housing.
b. Remove oil filter cup and spring from housing.
c. Remove rubber valve and spring from cup.
2. Remove screw securing oil filter adapter and
individual O-rings to crankcase, then carefully
separate parts.
Flywheel/Ignition Components
O
B
A
F
C
N
M
D
L
K
J
E
I
H
G
A
Rectifier-Regulator
B
Ignition Module
C
Washer
D
Flywheel Screw
E
Special Washer
F
Wire Harness Clamp
G
Debris Screen
H
Fan
I
Stiffener
J
Hex Stud
K
Flywheel
L
Magnet
M
Stator
N
Backing Shroud
O
Woodruff Key
Remove Ignition Modules
1. Rotate flywheel so magnet is away from modules.
2. Remove mounting screws and disconnect kill lead
from ignition modules. Note position of ignition
modules.
62 690 01 Rev. C
Remove Debris Screen and Cooling Fan
Remove screws, attaching hardware, hex studs securing
debris screen, and stiffeners securing cooling fan to
flywheel.
KohlerEngines.com
47
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
Remove Flywheel
NOTE: Always use a flywheel strap wrench or holding
tool to hold flywheel when loosening or
tightening flywheel screw. Do not use any type
of bar or wedge to hold flywheel. Use of such
tools could cause flywheel to become cracked or
damaged.
NOTE: Always use a flywheel puller to remove flywheel
from crankshaft. Do not strike crankshaft or
flywheel, as these parts could become cracked
or damaged.
1. Use a flywheel strap wrench or holding tool to hold
flywheel and loosen screw securing flywheel to
crankshaft.
2. Remove screw and washer.
3. Use a puller to remove flywheel from crankshaft.
4. Remove woodruff key from crankshaft.
Inspection
Inspect flywheel for cracks and flywheel keyway for
damage. Replace flywheel if it is cracked. Replace
flywheel, crankshaft, and key if flywheel key is sheared
or keyway is damaged.
Inspect ring gear for cracks or damage. Kohler does not
provide ring gear as a serviceable part. Replace flywheel
if ring gear is damaged.
48
Remove Stator, Rectifier-Regulator, and Wiring
Harness
1. Disconnect plug from rectifier-regulator. If B+
(center) lead must be removed from plug, use a
small flat tool to bend locking tang. Then remove
lead.
2. Remove mounting screws securing rectifier-regulator
to backing shroud assembly. Note location of ground
lead. If rectifier-regulator is not being replaced, it
may remain mounted to lower blower housing.
3. Remove screws securing stator to crankcase and
carefully separate stator wires from molded clips.
4. Unhook wiring harness from molded clips if it is
being serviced separately.
Remove Backing Shroud Assembly
Remove mounting screws securing backing shroud
assembly to crankcase.
Remove Spark Plugs
Remove spark plug from each cylinder head.
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
Cylinder Head Components
A
R
Q
P
M
I
K
O
L
D
N
J
H
E
F
G
C
B
A
Gasket
B
Valve
C
Cylinder Head
D
Pipe Plug
E
Spacer
F
Washer
G
Spark Plug
H
Valve Stem Seal
I
Valve Spring
J
Hydraulic Lifter
K
Valve Spring Retainer
L
Push Rod
M
Valve Spring Keeper
N
Rocker Arm
O
Rocker Arm Pivots
P
Valve Cover Gasket
Q
Valve Cover
R
Grommet
Remove Valve Covers and Fuel Pump
WARNING
Explosive Fuel can cause fires and severe
burns.
Do not fill fuel tank while engine is hot or
running.
Gasoline is extremely flammable and its vapors can
explode if ignited. Store gasoline only in approved
containers, in well ventilated, unoccupied buildings,
away from sparks or flames. Spilled fuel could ignite
if it comes in contact with hot parts or sparks from
ignition. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent.
NOTE: Remove valve covers based on style of fuel
pump used.
Mechanical Fuel Pump
Mechanical fuel pump is part of valve cover and
not serviced separately. Remove with valve cover.
Disconnect fuel lines at fuel pump fittings. Properly
contain any remaining fuel.
62 690 01 Rev. C
Electric Fuel Pump
Removal will be determined based on mounted location
and application. Disconnect lead connections, fuel
line connections, and mounting hardware as required.
Properly contain any remaining fuel.
Valve Covers
1. Remove screw and grommet securing each valve
cover.
2. Remove valve cover and gasket from each cylinder
head. Note locations of individual valve covers if
they are different.
Remove Cylinder Heads and Hydraulic Lifters
NOTE: Exhaust lifters are located on output shaft side
of engine while intake lifters are located on fan
side of engine. Cylinder head number is
embossed on outside of each cylinder head.
1. Remove pipe plug from cylinder head to access
screw in upper center location.
2. Remove screws securing each cylinder head. Note
locations of washers and spacer.
KohlerEngines.com
49
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
3. Mark position of push rods as either intake or
exhaust and cylinder 1 or 2. Push rods should
always be reinstalled in same positions.
4. Carefully remove push rods, cylinder head and head
gasket.
5. Repeat procedure for other cylinder head.
6. Remove lifters from lifter bores. Use a hydraulic lifter
tool. Do not use a magnet to remove lifters. Mark
lifters by location, as either intake or exhaust and
cylinder 1 or 2. Hydraulic lifters should always be
reinstalled in same position.
Inspection
Check base surface of hydraulic lifters for wear or
damage. If lifters need to be replaced, apply a liberal
coating of Kohler lubricant to base of each new lifter
before it is installed.
Bleeding Lifters
To prevent a possible bent push rod or broken rocker
arm, it is important to bleed any excess oil out of lifters
before they are installed.
1. Cut a 50-75 mm (2-3 in.) piece from end of an old
push rod and chuck it in a drill press.
2. Lay a rag or shop towel on table of drill press and
place lifter, open end up, on towel.
3. Lower chucked push rod until it contacts plunger in
lifter. Slowly pump plunger 2 or 3 times to force oil
out of feed hole in side of lifter.
Disassemble Cylinder Heads
NOTE: These engines use valve stem seals on intake
and exhaust valves. Use a new seal whenever
valves are removed, or if seal is deteriorated in
any way. Never reuse an old seal.
1. Remove screws, rocker arm pivots, and rocker arms
from cylinder head.
2. Compress valve springs using a valve spring
compressor.
3. Once valve spring is compressed, remove following
items:
● Valve spring keepers.
● Valve spring retainers.
● Valve springs.
● Valve spring caps.
● Intake and exhaust valves (mark position).
● Valve stem seals.
4. Repeat above procedure for other cylinder head. Do
not interchange parts from 1 cylinder head to
another.
Inspection and Service
Valve Details
EXHAUST VALVE
INTAKE VALVE
F
F
E
E
C
G
G
D
INT
B
H
A
H
EXH
D
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
50
Dimension
Seat Angle
Seat Taper
Guide Depth
Guide I.D.
Valve Head Diameter
Valve Face Angle
Valve Margin (Min.)
Valve Stem Diameter
Intake
89°
30°
8.5 mm (0.334 in.)
7.038/7.058 mm (0.2771/0.2779 in.)
38.625/38.685 mm (1.5206/1.5230 in.)
45°
1.0 mm (0.0393 in.)
6.982/7.000 mm (0.2749/0.2756 in.)
KohlerEngines.com
Exhaust
89°
30°
8.5 mm (0.334 in.)
7.038/7.058 mm (0.2771/0.2779 in.)
31.625/31.825 mm (1.2450/1.2549 in.)
45°
1.0 mm (0.0393 in.)
6.970/6.988 mm (0.2744/0.2751 in.)
62 690 01 Rev. C
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
After cleaning, check flatness of cylinder head and
corresponding top surface of crankcase using a surface
plate or piece of glass and feeler gauge. Maximum
allowable out of flatness is 0.076 mm (0.003 in.).
Carefully inspect valve mechanism parts. Inspect valve
springs and related hardware for excessive wear or
distortion. Check valves and valve seat area or inserts
for evidence of deep pitting, cracks, or distortion. Check
clearance of valve stems in guides.
Hard starting or loss of power accompanied by high
fuel consumption may be symptoms of faulty valves.
Although these symptoms could also be attributed to
worn rings, remove and check valves first. After removal,
clean valve heads, faces, and stems with a power wire
brush.
Then, carefully inspect each valve for defects such as a
warped head, excessive corrosion, or a worn stem end.
Replace valves found to be in bad condition.
Valve Guides
If a valve guide is worn beyond specifications, it will not
guide valve in a straight line. This may result in burnt
valve faces or seats, loss of compression, and excessive
oil consumption.
To check valve guide-to-valve stem clearance,
thoroughly clean valve guide and, using a split-ball
gauge, measure inside diameter of guide. Then, using
an outside micrometer, measure diameter of valve stem
at several points on stem where it moves in valve guide.
Use largest stem diameter to calculate clearance by
subtracting stem diameter from guide diameter. If intake
clearance exceeds 0.038/0.076 mm (0.0015/0.0030
in.) or exhaust clearance exceeds 0.050/0.088 mm
(0.0020/0.0035 in.), determine if valve stem or guide is
responsible for excessive clearance.
Maximum (I.D.) wear on intake valve guide is 7.135
mm (0.2809 in.) and 7.159 mm (0.2819 in.) for exhaust
guide. Guides are not removable but can be reamed
0.25 mm (0.010 in.) oversize. Valves with 0.25 mm
oversize stems must then be used.
If guides are within limits but valve stems are worn
beyond limits, install new valves.
62 690 01 Rev. C
Valve Seat Inserts
Hardened steel alloy intake and exhaust valve seat
inserts are press fitted into cylinder head. Inserts are
not replaceable but can be reconditioned if not too badly
pitted or distorted. If cracked or badly warped, cylinder
head should be replaced.
Recondition valve seat inserts following instructions
provided with valve seat cutter being used. Final cut
should be made with an 89° cutter as specified for
valve seat angle. Cutting proper 45° valve face angle
as specified, and proper valve seat angle (44.5°, half of
full 89° angle), will achieve desired 0.5° (1.0° full cut)
interference angle where maximum pressure occurs on
outside diameters of valve face and seat.
Lapping Valves
Reground or new valves must be lapped in, to provide
proper fit. Use a hand valve grinder with a suction cup
for final lapping. Lightly coat valve face with a fine grade
of grinding compound, then rotate valve on its seat with
grinder. Continue grinding until a smooth surface is
obtained on seat and on valve face. Thoroughly clean
cylinder head in soap and hot water to remove all traces
of grinding compound. After drying cylinder head, apply
a light coating of SAE 10 oil to prevent rusting.
Valve Stem Seals
These engines use valve stem seals on intake and
exhaust valves. Always use new seals when valves
are removed from cylinder head. Seals should also be
replaced if deteriorated or damaged in any way. Never
reuse an old seal.
KohlerEngines.com
51
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
Breather/Closure Plate/Oil Reservoir Components
O
T
P
Q
R
S
E
D
C
A
B
U
M
H
N
G
F
I
H
K
L
J
V
K
A
Closure Plate
B
Gerotor Gears
C
Oil Pump O-Ring
D
Oil Pump Housing
E
Relief Valve Baffle
F
Pickup Tube
G
Clamp
H
Inlet Seal
I
Pickup Screen
J
Oil Reservoir
K
Drain Plug
L
Gasket
M
Crankshaft Bearing
(PTO)
N
Closure Plate Gasket
O
Dipstick
P
Dipstick Tube
Q
Breather Assembly
R
Breather Gasket
S
Filter
T
Breather Hose
U
Lifting Strap
V
Oil Seal
Remove Breather Assembly
1. Remove fasteners securing breather assembly,
breather adapter (style based on spec), and gaskets
to crankcase.
2. Carefully break gasket seals and remove all parts.
Do not pry on sealing surfaces as it could cause
damage resulting in leaks. Note assembly and
orientation of parts.
52
Remove Oil Reservoir and Pickup Screen
1. Remove screws securing oil reservoir and gasket to
engine.
2. Remove mounting screw and carefully work pickup
screen off end of pickup tube.
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
Remove Closure Plate Assembly
1. Remove screws securing closure plate to crankcase.
2. Locate protruding tabs on closure plate. Carefully
tap to break gasket seal. Do not pry on sealing
surfaces as this could cause leaks. Separate closure
plate from crankcase. Remove old gasket.
Inspection
Inspect oil seal in closure plate and remove it if worn or
damaged.
Inspect crankshaft bearing surface for wear or damage.
Replace bearing or closure plate assembly if required.
Oil Pump Assembly
Disassembly
1. Remove screws securing oil pump housing including
relief valve baffle and clamp for pickup tube.
2. Remove oil pump housing and pickup tube from
closure plate.
3. Remove oil pump gerotor gears from closure plate
recess.
4. Remove oil pickup by pulling it free from oil pump
body.
5. Relief valve is a one-piece style, staked to oil pump
housing; removal should not be attempted, nor is
internal servicing possible. If a problem with relief
valve is encountered, oil pump should be replaced.
Inspection
Inspect oil pump housing, gerotor gears, and closure
plate recess for nicks, burrs, wear, or any visible
damage. Inspect inlet seal for pickup tube in housing. If
any parts are worn or damaged, replace seal, oil pump
or closure plate as required.
Reassembly
Torque Sequence
1. Make sure recess in closure plate for oil pump
gerotor gears is clean.
2. Lubricate oil pump gerotor gears with grease
(Lubriplate® 100 or equivalent), and install into
recess.
3. Lightly lubricate with oil and install inlet seal into oil
pump housing until it is fully seated.
4. Install O-ring in groove of oil pump housing. Use a
small quantity of grease to hold it in place.
5. Lightly lubricate I.D. of inlet seal with oil and carefully
insert ferruled end of pickup tube through grommet,
into oil pump housing. Position pickup tube so
outboard end faces up.
6. Install oil pump housing with pickup tube, over oil
pump boss and gears. Position relief valve baffle on
screw locations 2 and 3. Align all 3 screw locations.
7. Install clamp for pickup tube and finger tighten
screw. Check alignment of parts and torque oil pump
housing screws as specified using sequence below:
a. Install fastener into location 1 and lightly tighten
to position pump.
b. Install fastener into location 2 and fully torque to
recommended value.
c. Install fastener into location 3 and fully torque to
recommended value.
d. Finish torquing fastener in location 1 to
recommended value.
First Time Installation: 10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.).
All Reinstallations: 6.7 N·m (60 in. lb.).
8. Torque clamp (pickup tube) mounting screw to
10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.) into new hole or 7.3 N·m
(65 in. lb.) into used hole.
2
1
3
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
53
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
Crankcase Components
Q
P
H
B
C
D
C
O
E
F
G
A
L
M
N
K
I
J
A
Camshaft
B
Locking Tab
C
Regulating Pin
D
Governor Gear
E
Cross Shaft
F
Lifter Feed Cover
Gasket
G
Lifter Feed Cover
H
Governor Yoke
I
Crankshaft
J
Connecting Rod End
Cap
K
Connecting Rod
L
Piston Pin
M
Piston Pin Retainer
N
Piston
O
Piston Ring Set
P
Oil Seal
Q
Crankshaft Bearing
(Flywheel)
Remove Camshaft
Remove camshaft and shim (if used).
Inspection
Check lobes of camshaft for wear or damage. Inspect
cam gear for badly worn, chipped, or missing teeth.
Replacement of camshaft will be necessary if any of
these conditions exist.
Remove Connecting Rods with Pistons and Rings
NOTE: If a carbon ridge is present at top of either
cylinder bore, use a ridge reamer tool to remove
ridge before attempting to remove piston.
NOTE: Cylinders are numbered on crankcase. Use
numbers to mark each end cap, connecting rod
and piston for reassembly. Do not mix end caps
and connecting rods.
1. Remove screws securing closest connecting rod end
cap. Remove end cap.
2. Carefully remove connecting rod and piston
assembly from cylinder bore.
3. Repeat above procedures for other connecting rod
and piston assembly.
54
Connecting Rods
Offset, stepped-cap connecting rods are used in these
engines.
Inspection and Service
Check bearing area (big end) for excessive wear, score
marks, running and side clearances. Replace rod and
cap if scored or excessively worn.
Service replacement connecting rods are available in
STD crankpin size and 0.25 mm (0.010 in.) undersize.
Always refer to appropriate parts information to ensure
that correct replacements are used.
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
Piston and Rings
Inspection
Piston and Rings Components and Details
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
I
H
A
Piston Ring
B
End Gap
C
Identification Mark
D
Piston
E
Top Compression
Ring
F
Center
Compression Ring
G
Rails
H
Expander
I
Oil Control Ring
(3 Piece)
Scuffing and scoring of pistons and cylinder walls occurs
when internal engine temperatures approach welding
point of piston. Temperatures high enough to do this are
created by friction, which is usually attributed to improper
lubrication and/or overheating of engine.
Normally, very little wear takes place in piston bosspiston pin area. If original piston and connecting rod can
be reused after new rings are installed, original pin can
also be reused but new piston pin retainers are required.
Piston pin is included as part of piston assembly – if pin
boss in piston or pin are worn or damaged, a new piston
assembly is required.
Ring failure is usually indicated by excessive oil
consumption and blue exhaust smoke. When rings fail,
oil is allowed to enter combustion chamber where it is
burned along with fuel. High oil consumption can also
occur when piston ring end gap is incorrect because
ring cannot properly conform to cylinder wall under this
condition. Oil control is also lost when ring gaps are not
staggered during installation.
When cylinder temperatures get too high, lacquer and
varnish collect on pistons causing rings to stick, which
results in rapid wear. A worn ring usually takes on a
shiny or bright appearance.
62 690 01 Rev. C
Scratches on rings and pistons are caused by abrasive
material such as carbon, dirt, or pieces of hard metal.
Detonation damage occurs when a portion of fuel charge
ignites spontaneously from heat and pressure shortly
after ignition. This creates 2 flame fronts which meet and
explode to create extreme hammering pressures on a
specific area of piston. Detonation generally occurs from
using low octane fuels.
Preignition or ignition of fuel charge before timed spark
can cause damage similar to detonation. Preignition
damage is often more severe than detonation damage.
Preignition is caused by a hot spot in combustion
chamber from sources such as glowing carbon deposits,
blocked cooling fins, an improperly seated valve, or
wrong spark plug(s).
Replacement pistons are available in STD bore size, and
in 0.25 mm (0.010 in.), and 0.50 mm (0.020 in.) oversize.
Replacement pistons include new piston ring sets and
new piston pins.
Replacement ring sets are also available separately
for STD, 0.25 mm (0.010 in.), and 0.50 mm (0.020 in.)
oversize pistons. Always use new piston rings when
installing pistons. Never reuse old rings.
Some important points to remember when servicing
piston rings:
1. Cylinder bore must be deglazed before service ring
sets are used.
2. If cylinder bore does not need reboring and if old
piston is within wear limits and free of score or scuff
marks, old piston may be reused.
3. Remove old rings and clean up grooves. Never
reuse old rings.
4. Before installing new rings on piston, place top 2
rings, each in turn, in its running area in cylinder
bore and check end gap. Top and center
compression ring end gap clearance is 0.30/0.55
mm (0.011/0.021 in.) with maximum wear limit of
0.94 mm (0.037 in.).
5. After installing new compression (top and middle)
rings on piston, make sure ring-to-groove side
clearance is 0.04/0.08 mm (0.0015/0.0031 in.). If
side clearance is greater than specified, a new
piston must be used.
Install New Piston Rings
NOTE: Rings must be installed correctly. Ring
installation instructions are usually included with
new ring sets. Follow instructions carefully. Use
a piston ring expander to install rings. Install
bottom (oil control) ring first and top
compression ring last.
To install new piston rings, proceed as follows:
1. Oil control ring (bottom groove): Install expander and
then rails. Make sure ends of expander are not
overlapped.
2. Middle compression ring (center groove): Install
center ring using a piston ring installation tool. Make
sure identification mark is up or colored dye stripe
(if contained), is to left of end gap.
KohlerEngines.com
55
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
3. Top compression ring (top groove): Install top ring
using a piston ring expander. Make sure
identification mark is up or colored dye stripe
(if contained), is to left of end gap.
Remove Crankshaft
NOTE: If crankpin is reground, visually check to ensure
that fillet blends smoothly with crankpin surface.
Carefully pull crankshaft from crankcase. Note thrust
washers and shims if used.
Inspection and Service
Crankshaft Components and Details
A
B
C
D
A
Self-Tapping Screw
B
Flat Washer
C
Plug
D
Crankshaft
F
G
E
H
E
Fillet Must Blend Smoothly with Bearing Journal
Surface
F
High Point from Fillet Intersections
G
45° Minimum
H
This Fillet Area Must Be Completely Smooth
Inspect gear teeth of crankshaft. If teeth are badly worn,
chipped, or some are missing, replacement of crankshaft
will be necessary.
Inspect crankshaft bearing surfaces for scoring,
grooving, etc. Replaceable bearing is used in crankshaft
bore of closure plate and/or crankcase. Do not replace
bearing unless they show signs of damage or are out of
running clearance 0.040/0.167 mm (0.0015/0.0065 in.).
If crankshaft turns easily, without noise, and there is no
evidence of scoring, grooving, etc., on races or bearing
surfaces, bearing can be reused.
56
Inspect crankshaft keyways. If they are worn or chipped,
replacement of crankshaft will be necessary.
Inspect crankpin for score marks or metallic pickup.
Slight score marks can be cleaned with crocus cloth
soaked in oil. If wear limits, as stated in Clearance
Specifications, are exceeded, it will be necessary to
replace crankshaft or regrind crankpin to 0.25 mm
(0.010 in.) undersize. If reground, a 0.25 mm (0.010 in.)
undersize connecting rod (big end) must then be used to
achieve proper running clearance. Measure crankpin for
size, taper, and out-of-round.
Clearance Specifications-Connecting Rod Journal
O.D. - New
43.982/44.000 mm
(1.731/1.732 in.)
O.D. - Max. Wear Limit
43.97 mm (1.731 in.)
Max. Taper
0.018 mm (0.0007 in.)
Max. Out-of-Round
0.025 mm (0.0010 in.)
Width
53.00/53.09 mm
(2.0866/2.0901 in.)
Connecting rod journal can be ground 1 size under.
When grinding a crankshaft, grinding stone deposits
can get caught in oil passages, which could cause
severe engine damage. Removing crankpin plug when
crankshaft is ground provides easy access for removing
any grinding deposits that may collect in oil passages.
Use following procedure to remove and replace plug.
Remove Crankshaft Plug
1. Drill a 3/16 in. hole through plug in crankshaft.
2. Thread a 3/4 in. or 1 in. long self-tapping screw with
a flat washer into drilled hole. Flat washer must be
large enough to seat against shoulder of plug bore.
3. Tighten self-tapping screw until it draws plug out of
crankshaft.
Install New Crankshaft Plug
Use 1 single cylinder camshaft pin, as a driver and tap
plug into plug bore until it seats at bottom of bore. Make
sure plug is tapped in evenly to prevent leakage.
Remove Governor Gear Assembly
Governor gear is held onto shaft by small molded tabs
in gear. When gear is removed from shaft, these tabs
are destroyed and gear must be replaced. Therefore,
remove gear only if absolutely necessary. If governor
cross shaft, yoke, or gear condition does not require
removal, governor gear may be left in place. If removal is
necessary, perform as follows:
1. Remove locking tab thrust washer and note
orientation.
2. Using a screwdriver, carefully pry upward to unseat
governor gear assembly from governor gear shaft.
Remove regulating pin and governor gear assembly.
3. Inspect governor gear shaft for wear or damage.
Remove shaft only if replacement is needed.
Inspection
Governor gear is located within crankcase. Inspect
governor gear teeth. Replace gear if it is worn, chipped,
or if any teeth are missing. Inspect governor weights.
They should move freely in governor gear.
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
Remove Governor Yoke, Cross Shaft, and Seal
1. Remove mounting screws securing yoke to governor
cross shaft.
2. Pull governor cross shaft out of crankcase and
remove seal.
Honing
Detail
A
Remove Lifter Feed Chamber Cover and Gaskets
Remove screws securing lifter feed chamber baffle
(some models only), cover, and gaskets. Carefully
separate parts from crankcase.
Remove Flywheel and PTO End Oil Seals
Remove oil seals from crankcase and closure plate
using a seal puller.
Remove Crankshaft Bearing (flywheel/PTO)
NOTE: Bearing should only be removed if replacement
is required due to wear. If removal is performed,
use a press and support casting surface around
bearing flange. Do not press against or support
by gasket/outer perimeter surface.
Crankcase
Inspection and Service
Check all gasket surfaces to make sure they are free of
gasket fragments. Gasket surfaces must also be free of
deep scratches or nicks.
Inspect crankshaft bearing (if equipped) for wear
or damage. Replace bearing or crankcase using a
miniblock or short block as required.
Check cylinder bore for scoring. In severe cases,
unburned fuel can cause scuffing and scoring of cylinder
wall. It washes necessary lubricating oils off piston and
cylinder wall. As raw fuel seeps down cylinder wall,
piston rings make metal to metal contact with wall.
Scoring of cylinder wall can also be caused by localized
hot spots resulting from blocked cooling fins or from
inadequate or contaminated lubrication.
If cylinder bore is badly scored, excessively worn,
tapered, or out-of-round, resizing is necessary. Use
an inside micrometer to determine amount of wear,
then select nearest suitable oversize of either 0.25 mm
(0.010 in.) or 0.50 mm (0.020 in.). Resizing to these
oversizes will allow usage of available oversize piston
and ring assemblies. Initially, resize using a boring bar,
then use following procedures for honing cylinder.
62 690 01 Rev. C
A
23°-33° Crosshatch
NOTE: Kohler pistons are custom-machined to exacting
tolerances. When oversizing a cylinder, it should
be machined exactly 0.25 mm (0.010 in.) or
0.50 mm (0.020 in.) over new diameter.
corresponding oversize Kohler replacement
piston will then fit correctly.
While most commercially available cylinder hones can
be used with either portable drills or drill presses, use
of a low speed drill press is preferred as it facilitates
more accurate alignment of bore in relation to crankshaft
crossbore. Honing is best accomplished at a drill speed
of about 250 RPM and 60 strokes per minute. After
installing coarse stones in hone, proceed as follows:
1. Lower hone into bore and after centering, adjust so
stones are in contact with cylinder wall. Use of a
commercial cutting-cooling agent is recommended.
2. With lower edge of each stone positioned even with
lowest edge of bore, start drill and honing process.
Move hone up and down while resizing to prevent
formation of cutting ridges. Check size frequently.
3. When bore is within 0.064 mm (0.0025 in.) of
desired size, remove coarse stones and replace
them with burnishing stones. Continue with
burnishing stones until bore is within 0.013 mm
(0.0005 in.) of desired size and then use finish
stones (220-280 grit) and polish bore to its final size.
A crosshatch should be observed if honing is done
correctly. Crosshatch should intersect at
approximately 23°-33° off horizontal. Too flat an
angle could cause rings to skip and wear
excessively, and too steep an angle will result in high
oil consumption.
4. After resizing, check bore for roundness, taper, and
size. Use an inside micrometer, telescoping gauge,
or bore gauge to take measurements. These
measurements should be taken at 3 locations in
cylinder – at top, middle, and bottom. There are 2
measurements that should be taken
(perpendicular to each other) at all 3 locations.
KohlerEngines.com
57
Disassembly/Inspection and Service
Clean Cylinder Bore After Honing
Proper cleaning of cylinder walls following boring and/
or honing is very critical to a successful overhaul.
Machining grit left in cylinder bore can destroy an engine
in less than 1 hour of operation after a rebuild.
Final cleaning operation should always be a thorough
scrubbing with a brush and hot, soapy water. Use a
strong detergent that is capable of breaking down
machining oil while maintaining a good level of suds. If
suds break down during cleaning, discard dirty water and
start again with more hot water and detergent. Following
scrubbing, rinse cylinder with very hot, clear water, dry
it completely, and apply a light coating of engine oil to
prevent rusting.
Measuring Piston-to-Bore Clearance
Piston Detail
B
A
11 mm (0.433 in.)
NOTE: Do not use a feeler gauge to measure piston-tobore clearance; it will yield inaccurate
measurements. Always use a micrometer.
Before installing piston into cylinder bore, it is necessary
that clearance be accurately checked. This step is
often overlooked, and if piston thrust face-to-cylinder
bore running clearance is not within 0.033/0.72 mm
(0.0013/0.0028 in.), engine failure will usually result.
Use following procedure to accurately measure pistonto-bore clearance:
1. Use a micrometer and measure diameter of piston
11 mm (0.433 in.) above bottom of piston skirt and
perpendicular to piston pin.
2. Use an inside micrometer, telescoping gauge, or
bore gauge and measure cylinder bore. Take
measurement approximately 63.5 mm (2.5 in.) below
top of bore and perpendicular to piston pin.
3. Piston-to-bore clearance is difference between bore
diameter and piston diameter (step 2 minus step 1).
58
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Reassembly
Crankcase Components
Q
P
H
B
C
D
C
O
E
F
G
A
L
Camshaft
N
K
I
A
M
J
B
Locking Tab
C
Regulating Pin
D
Governor Gear
G
Lifter Feed Cover
H
Governor Yoke
E
Cross Shaft
F
Lifter Feed Cover
Gasket
I
Crankshaft
J
Connecting Rod End
Cap
K
Connecting Rod
L
Piston Pin
M
Piston Pin Retainer
N
Piston
O
Piston Ring Set
P
Oil Seal
Q
Crankshaft Bearing
(Flywheel)
NOTE: Make sure engine is assembled using all
specified torque values, torque sequences, and
clearances. Failure to observe specifications
could cause severe engine wear or damage.
Always use new gaskets. Apply a small amount
of oil to threads of critical fasteners before
assembly, unless a sealant or Loctite® is
specified or preapplied.
Make sure all traces of any cleaner are removed before
engine is assembled and placed into operation. Even
small amounts of these cleaners can quickly break down
lubricating properties of engine oil.
Check closure plate, crankcase, cylinder heads, and
valve covers to be certain all old gasket material has
been removed. Use gasket remover, lacquer thinner, or
paint remover to remove any remaining traces. Clean
surfaces with isopropyl alcohol, acetone, lacquer thinner,
or electrical contact cleaner.
Install Flywheel End Oil Seal
1. Make sure seal bore of crankcase is clean and free
of any nicks or burrs.
2. Apply a light coat of clean engine oil to outside
diameter of oil seal.
62 690 01 Rev. C
3. Install oil seal into crankcase using a seal driver.
Make sure oil seal is installed straight and true in
bore and tool bottoms against crankcase.
Install Lifter Feed Chamber Gaskets and Cover
1. Install lifter feed chamber gasket, followed by lifter
feed cover over lifter feed chamber. If used, position
breather baffle on top of parts with winged offset
down.
2. Install 3 screws. Make sure all parts are properly
aligned. Torque screws to 6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.) into
new holes or 4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.) into used holes.
Install Crankshaft Bearing (flywheel)
If bearing was removed in servicing, install a new
bearing using an arbor press and driver.
1. Make sure crankcase bore for bearing is clean, dry
and free of nicks or burrs.
2. Press flywheel side main bearing in place with notch
oriented in 12 o’clock position using an arbor press
and driver. Make sure bearing is fully seated against
flange and oil feed hole is open in crankcase.
3. Apply a light coat of clean engine oil to inner surface
of bearing.
KohlerEngines.com
59
Reassembly
Install Governor Shafts, Seal, and Governor Gear
Governor Components and Details
B
Install Crankshaft
Carefully slide flywheel end of crankshaft through
bearing in crankcase.
Install Connecting Rods with Pistons and Rings
Piston Details
C
A
C
F
D
E
A
A
Crankcase Surface
B
Seal Depth
1.5-2.0 mm
(0.059-0.078 in.)
C
Oil Seal
D
12.66 mm
(0.498 in.)
E
Crankcase Surface
F
Governor Gear
Shaft
If governor shafts, seal, and/or governor gear were
removed, reassemble as follows.
1. Lightly oil lip and outside diameter of new governor
cross shaft seal. Install seal into crankcase to depth
shown.
2. If governor gear shaft was removed, press or lightly
tap replacement shaft into closure plate to depth
shown.
3. Lubricate governor cross shaft bearing surfaces in
crankcase with engine oil. Insert governor cross
shaft end with flat cutout where governor yoke is
secured, into crankcase and position shaft so that
flat part is visible (up).
4. Attach governor yoke to cross shaft so curved
section is up as marked. Secure with 2 screws. If a
thread locking compound is not preapplied, apply a
small amount of Loctite® 266™ Threadlocker or
equivalent, to screw threads before installing. Torque
screws to 2.2 N·m (20 in. lb.).
5. Install first regulating pin with head down so it will
contact yoke. Install governor gear with second
regulating pin and flyweight assembly in/down onto
governor shaft until it locks into position. Apply a
small amount of grease to locking tab thrust washer
and install on top of governor gear so tang is facing
up in 6 o’clock position.
60
B
A
Side 1
C
Top of Piston
B
Side 2
NOTE: Cylinders are numbered on crankcase. Make
sure to install piston, connecting rod and end
cap into appropriate cylinder bore as previously
marked at disassembly. Do not mix end caps
and connecting rods.
NOTE: Proper orientation of piston/connecting rod
assemblies inside engine is extremely important.
Improper orientation can cause extensive wear
or damage. Be certain pistons and connecting
rods are assembled exactly as shown.
1. Stagger piston rings in grooves until end gaps are
120° apart. Oil ring rails should also be staggered.
2. Lubricate cylinder bore, piston, and piston rings with
engine oil. Compress rings of piston side 1 using a
piston ring compressor.
3. Lubricate crankshaft journals and connecting rod
bearing surfaces with engine oil.
4. Make sure FLY stamping on piston is facing toward
flywheel side of engine. Use a hammer with a rubber
grip and gently tap piston into cylinder. Be careful oil
ring rails do not spring free between bottom of ring
compressor and top of cylinder.
5. Install inner rod cap to connecting rod using screws.
Torque screws in increments to 11.3 N·m (100 in.
lb.). Illustrated instructions are provided in service
rod package.
Align chamfer of connecting rod with chamfer of its
mating end cap. When installed, flat faces of
connecting rods should face each other. Faces with
raised rib should be toward outside.
6. Repeat this procedure for other connecting rod and
piston assembly.
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Reassembly
Breather/Closure Plate/Oil Reservoir Components
O
T
P
Q
R
S
E
D
C
A
B
U
M
H
N
G
F
I
H
K
L
J
V
K
A
Closure Plate
B
Gerotor Gears
C
Oil Pump O-Ring
D
Oil Pump Housing
E
Relief Valve Baffle
F
Pickup Tube
G
Clamp
H
Inlet Seal
I
Pickup Screen
J
Oil Reservoir
K
Drain Plug
L
Gasket
M
Crankshaft Bearing
(PTO)
N
Closure Plate Gasket
O
Dipstick
P
Dipstick Tube
Q
Breather Assembly
R
Breather Gasket
S
Filter
T
Breather Hose
U
Lifting Strap
V
Oil Seal
Install Camshaft
1. Liberally apply camshaft lubricant to each cam lobe.
Lubricate camshaft bearing surfaces of crankcase
and camshaft with engine oil.
2. Position timing mark of crankshaft gear at 12 o’clock
position.
3. Slide camshaft into bearing surface of crankcase,
positioning timing mark of camshaft gear at 6 o’clock
position. Make sure camshaft gear and crankshaft
gear mesh, with both timing marks aligned.
62 690 01 Rev. C
Determining Camshaft End Play
1. Place a new closure plate gasket into position on
crankcase.
2. Position camshaft end play checking tool over
camshaft. Use a feeler gauge to check end play
between camshaft and end play checking tool.
Camshaft endplay should be between 0.3/1.3 mm
(0.011/0.051 in.).
3. No shim is typically used from factory. However, if
camshaft end play is not within specified range,
remove checking tool and shim as necessary.
KohlerEngines.com
61
Reassembly
Several color coded shims are available:
White:
0.69215/0.73025 mm (0.02725/0.02875 in.)
Blue:
0.74295/0.78105 mm (0.02925/0.03075 in.)
Red:
0.79375/0.83185 mm (0.03125/0.03275 in.)
Yellow: 0.84455/0.88265 mm (0.03325/0.03475 in.)
Install Closure Plate Assembly
Torque Sequence
1
3
14
Gray:
0.94615/0.98425 mm (0.03725/0.03875 in.)
Black:
0.99695/1.03505 mm (0.03925/0.04075 in.)
4. Reinstall end play checking tool and recheck end
play.
Install Closure Plate Crankshaft Bearing (PTO) and
Oil Seal
If bearing was removed in servicing, install a new
bearing using an arbor press and driver.
1. Make sure closure plate bore for bearing is clean,
dry and free of nicks or burrs.
2. Press closure plate side main bearing in place with
notch oriented in 12 o’clock position using an arbor
press and driver. Make sure bearing is fully seated
against flange.
3. Apply a light coat of clean engine oil to inner surface
of bearing.
Oil Seal
Details
A
B
A
3.0 mm (0.118 in.)
B
Oil Seal
1. Check to make sure there are no nicks or burrs in
crankshaft seal bore of closure plate.
2. Lightly oil outside diameter of oil seal.
3. Install oil seal into closure plate using a seal driver.
Make sure oil seal is installed straight and true in
bore to depth shown.
7
10
9
8
11
13
6
4
2
1. Make sure sealing surfaces of closure plate and
crankcase are clean, dry, and free of any nicks or
burrs. Install a new O-ring in closure plate.
2. Install a new closure plate gasket onto crankcase.
3. Make sure oil pump is installed and oil pickup tube
faces outward at lower end.
4. Ensure end of tabbed washer on governor gear is
positioned outward in 6 o’clock position inside
crankcase.
5. Orient flat of oil pump gear to match position of flat
on camshaft. Then install closure plate to crankcase.
Carefully seat camshaft and crankshaft into their
mating bearings. Rotate crankshaft slightly to help oil
pump and governor gears mesh.
6. Install screws securing closure plate to crankcase.
Torque screws in sequence shown to 24.4 N·m
(216 in. lb.).
Install Oil Pickup Screen
Apply a small amount of oil to grommet of pickup
screen and insert it onto lower end of pickup tube
within crankcase. Secure pickup to boss on bottom of
crankcase. Torque mounting screw to 10.7 N·m (95 in.
lb.) into new holes and 7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.) into used
holes.
Install Oil Reservoir
Torque Sequence
Oil Pump Assembly
Oil pump is mounted inside closure plate. If service
was required and oil pump was removed, refer to
Disassembly/Inspection and Service procedure.
8
KohlerEngines.com
1
3
5
62
12
5
Green: 0.89535/0.99345 mm (0.03525/0.03675 in.)
6
4
2
7
62 690 01 Rev. C
Reassembly
1. Use bolts with heads removed, or a similar item as
temporary alignment pins and install into 2 center
holes on ends.
2. Install a new oil reservoir gasket onto bottom of
crankcase using alignment pins. Notched side of
gasket must be towards flywheel.
3. Install oil reservoir onto crankcase and temporary
alignment pins. Flywheel side is indicated on cover.
Install and finger tighten screws. Remove alignment
pins and install remaining screws. Torque screws in
sequence shown to 24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.).
Check Crankshaft End Play
Set engine on base and use a dial indicator to check
crankshaft end play to 0.30/1.50 mm (0.011/0.059 in.).
Breather Components
Used on Serial No. 37070xxxxx and Below
Breather Fastener
Torque Sequence
A
1
3
Used on Serial No. 37071xxxxx and Higher
A
B
C
D
E
B
C
2
4
D
F
H
Filter must Not Extend
Above Casting
G
D
H
G
D
A
A
I
SECTION A-A
I
A
Breather Hose
B
Flange Nuts
C
Breather
D
Gasket
E
Screw
F
Baffle
G
Filter
H
Adapter
I
Studs
Install Breather Assembly
1. Make sure sealing surfaces of crankcase and breather cover are clean and free of any nicks or burrs. Do not
scrape surfaces, as this could result in leakage. Install breather mounting studs into crankcase if removed during
disassembly.
2. Install breather chamber gasket as shown. Assemble and install breather assembly components as illustrated.
Make sure filter does not extend above top surface and all parts are properly aligned.
3. Install M5 nuts onto studs, then torque using sequence shown to 5.7 N·m (51 in. lb.).
4. Lightly oil lower end of breather hose and install into hole in breather assembly. Cover should be situated between
2 raised rings of hose.
62 690 01 Rev. C
KohlerEngines.com
63
Reassembly
Cylinder Head Components
A
R
Q
P
M
I
K
O
L
D
N
J
H
E
F
G
C
B
A
Gasket
B
Valve
C
Cylinder Head
D
Pipe Plug
E
Spacer
F
Washer
G
Spark Plug
H
Valve Stem Seal
I
Valve Spring
J
Hydraulic Lifter
K
Valve Spring Retainer
L
Push Rod
M
Valve Spring Keeper
N
Rocker Arm
O
Rocker Arm Pivots
P
Valve Cover Gasket
Q
Valve Cover
R
Grommet
Install Hydraulic Lifters
NOTE: Hydraulic lifters should always be installed in
same position as they were disassembled.
Exhaust lifters are located on output shaft side
of engine while intake lifters are located on fan
side of engine. Cylinder numbers are embossed
on top of crankcase and each cylinder head.
1. Refer to Disassembly/Inspection and Service for
lifter preparation (bleed down) procedures.
2. Apply camshaft lubricant to bottom surface of each
lifter. Lubricate hydraulic lifters and lifter bores in
crankcase with engine oil.
3. Note mark or tag identifying hydraulic lifters as either
intake or exhaust and cylinder 1 or cylinder 2. Install
hydraulic lifters into their appropriate location in
crankcase. Do not use a magnet.
64
Valve Stem Seals
These engines use valve stem seals on intake and
exhaust valves. Always use new seals whenever valves
are removed from cylinder head. Seals should also be
replaced if worn or damaged. Never reuse an old seal.
Assemble Cylinder Heads
Prior to installation, lubricate all components with engine
oil, paying particular attention to lip of valve stem seal,
valve stems, and valve guides. Install in order listed
below using a valve spring compressor.
● Intake and exhaust valves.
● Valve spring retainers.
● Valve springs.
● Valve spring keepers.
● Valve stem seals.
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Reassembly
Install Cylinder Heads
Torque Sequence
2
2
5
4
1
3
1
5
4
3
1
2
NOTE: Match numbers embossed on cylinder heads
and crankcase.
1. Check to make sure there are no nicks or burrs on
sealing surfaces of cylinder head or crankcase.
2. Check dowel pins are in place in 2 lower locations,
and install a new cylinder head gasket, (printed side
up).
3. Install cylinder head. Make sure head is flat on
gasket and dowel pins. Install a flat washer on
screws in locations 1 and 3. Install spacer followed
by a flat washer on screw in location 5. Start 5
screws.
4. Torque screws in 2 stages, first to 22.6 N·m
(200 in. lb.), finally to 45.2 N·m (400 in. lb.) following
sequence shown.
5. Repeat procedure for opposite cylinder.
6. Make sure threads of pipe plugs for cylinder heads
are clean and dry. Install a plug into each cylinder
head above screw on location 2 and torque to 28.25
N·m (250 in. lb.).
Install Push Rods and Rocker Arms
NOTE: Push rods should always be installed in same
position as before disassembly.
1. Note mark or tag identifying push rod as either
intake or exhaust and cylinder 1 or 2. Dip ends of
push rods in engine oil and install, making sure each
push rod ball seats in its hydraulic lifter socket.
2. Apply grease to contact surfaces of rocker arms and
rocker arm pivots. Install rocker arms and rocker arm
pivots on cylinder head 1, and start 2 screws.
3. Rotate crankshaft to establish TDC on compression
stroke. Keyway should be aligned with cylinder 1.
4. Torque screws to 14.6 N·m (130 in. lb.).
5. If push rods were not already seated, use a spanner
wrench or rocker arm lifting tool, to lift rocker arms
and position push rods underneath.
6. From PTO end, rotate crankshaft 270° (3/4 turn)
counterclockwise and align crankshaft keyway with
cylinder 2. This now puts cylinder 2 at TDC on
compression stroke.
7. Repeat steps 1-5 for remaining cylinder. Do not
interchange parts from cylinder heads.
8. Rotate crankshaft to check for free operation of
valve train. Check clearance between valve spring
coils at full lift. Minimum allowable clearance is 0.25
mm (0.010 in.).
Install Valve Covers
1. Make sure sealing surfaces are clean and free of
any nicks or burrs.
2. Install and properly seat seal onto each valve cover.
3. Install valve covers on same side as they were
originally installed.
4. Install a new grommet on each valve cover mounting
screw. Start each screw into hole.
5. Check position of each cover and seal, then torque
screws to 13.6 N·m (120 in. lb.).
6. Install oil fill cap onto valve cover (if equipped).
Install Spark Plugs
1. Check gap using wire feeler gauge. Adjust gap to
0.76 mm (0.03 in.).
2. Install plug into cylinder head.
3. Torque plug to 27 N·m (20 ft. lb.).
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Reassembly
Oil Cooler/Filter Components
Install Intake Manifold
Torque Sequence
K
J
A
M
3
4
N
B
1
2
C
M
D
E
L
F
K
G
I
J
I
H
A
Oil Filter
B
Oil Filter Nipple
C
Cup
D
Valve Spring
E
Cup Spring
F
Oil Filter Valve
G
Oil Filter Housing
H
Pin
I
O-ring
J
Hose Clamp
K
Fitting
L
Adapter
M
Hose
N
Oil Cooler
Install Oil Filter Adapter
1. Make sure all sealing surfaces are clean and dowel
pins are in place on crankcase adapter surface.
Carefully install a new O-ring around each dowel pin.
Then install new O-rings onto dowel pins of oil filter
adapter.
2. Install oil filter adapter onto crankcase. Install and
torque M8 capscrew to 24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.).
66
1. Install new intake manifold gaskets so notched
section is inward and points toward flywheel side.
2. Mount intake manifold to cylinder heads. Make sure
gaskets remain in proper position. Torque screws in
2 stages using sequence shown, first to 16.9 N·m
(150 in. lb.), finally to 22.6 N·m (200 in. lb.).
3. Install carburetor mounting studs into intake manifold
if previously removed. Use nuts, locked flange to
flange, and tighten each stud until bottomed/tight.
Install Oil Filter Housing Assembly
Reassemble oil filter housing if disassembled previously.
Reassembly
1. Install small spring onto rubber valve, and insert
small end through corresponding hole in cup until
properly seated.
2. Install larger spring into filter housing.
3. Insert oil filter cup, aligning cutout with
corresponding section in housing.
4. Install nipple in housing and torque to 18 N·m
(159 in. lb.).
Installation
1. Make sure all sealing surfaces are clean and all
dowel pins are in position. Install or check new
O-rings are around all oil filter adapter dowel pins.
2. Install oil filter housing assembly to adapter and
secure with M8 screw. Make sure housing is flat on
crankcase and all O-rings remain in position. Torque
screw to 24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.)
3. Oil filter may be installed now or upon completion of
engine assembly.
KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Reassembly
Flywheel/Ignition Components
O
B
A
F
C
N
M
D
L
K
J
E
I
H
G
A
Rectifier-Regulator
B
Ignition Module
C
Washer
D
Flywheel Screw
E
Special Washer
F
Wire Harness Clamp
G
Debris Screen
H
Fan
I
Stiffener
J
Hex Stud
K
Flywheel
L
Magnet
M
Stator
N
Backing Shroud
O
Woodruff Key
Install Backing Shroud Assembly
NOTE: New hose clamps are recommended for
reassembly, or if clamps have been loosened
(expanded) several times to avoid leakage.
1. To aid assembly, install lower oil cooler hose onto oil
filter housing prior to installing backing shroud
assembly, and secure with a clamp.
2. Install backing shroud assembly and secure to
crankcase with M6 screws. Torque screws in a
crisscross pattern to 10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.) into new
holes, or 7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.) into used holes.
62 690 01 Rev. C
Install Stator, Wiring Harness, and RectifierRegulator
1. Apply pipe sealant with Teflon® (Loctite® PST® 592™
Thread Sealant or equivalent) to stator mounting
holes.
2. Position stator, aligning mounting holes so leads are
at bottom and toward rectifier-regulator mount on
cylinder 1 side.
3. Install and torque screws to 6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.).
4. Route stator wires under molded clips in backing
shroud assembly.
5. Check terminal on end of B+ charging lead to be
sure locking tang is angled upward. Insert terminal
into center location of connector until it locks into
place.
6. Install wiring harness under molded clips in backing
shroud assembly.
7. Position rectifier-regulator onto mounting posts with
cooling fins up. Attach ground lead to outer screw
and washer, then torque mounting screws to 2.0 N·m
(18 in. lb.). Connect plug to rectifier-regulator.
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67
Reassembly
Install Flywheel
Install Cooling Fan and Debris Screen
CAUTION
CAUTION
Damaging Crankshaft and Flywheel Can
cause personal injury.
Using improper procedures can lead to broken
fragments. Broken fragments could be thrown from
engine. Always observe and use precautions and
procedures when installing flywheel.
NOTE: Before installing flywheel make sure crankshaft
taper and flywheel hub are clean, dry, and
completely free of any lubricants. Presence of
lubricants can cause flywheel to be over
stressed and damaged when screw is torqued to
specifications.
NOTE: Make sure flywheel key is installed properly in
keyway. Flywheel can become cracked or
damaged if key is not properly installed.
1. Install woodruff key into crankshaft keyway. Make
sure key is properly seated and parallel with shaft
taper.
2. Install flywheel onto crankshaft, being careful not to
shift woodruff key.
3. Install screw and washer.
4. Use a flywheel strap wrench or holding tool to hold
flywheel. Torque screw to 67.8 N·m (50 ft. lb.).
Failure to utilize or reassemble debris screen
as designed could result in debris screen
failure and serious personal injury.
Cooling Fan and Debris Screen Components
1. Position cooling fan onto flywheel aligning mounting
locations. Apply a small amount of Loctite® 243™
Threadlocker to threads and install long mounting
screws. Torque screws to 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.).
2. Apply a small amount of Loctite® 243™ Threadlocker
to external threaded section, (unless new parts with
preapplied locking compound are being used).
Thread debris screen hex studs into mounting holes
in flywheel. Torque each stud to 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.).
3. Install stiffener followed by metal debris screen onto
studs. Secure with special washers and mounting
screws using Loctite® 243™ Threadlocker on
threads. Torque screws to 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.).
Install Ignition Modules
1. Rotate flywheel to position magnet away from
ignition module bosses.
2. Connect ground lead to single kill tab and install
modules onto crankcase bosses so tab is away from
you (IN) and spark plug lead should be towards you
(OUT). Mount wiring harness clamp with loop UP, on
starter side inner module screw and route harness
through it. Attach rectifier-regulator ground lead to
outer screw.
3. Slide modules up as far away from flywheel as
possible and snug screws to hold them in position.
4. Rotate flywheel to position magnet directly under 1
ignition module.
5. Insert a 0.30 mm (0.012 in.) flat feeler gauge
between magnet and ignition module. Loosen
screws enough to allow magnet to pull module down
against feeler gauge.
6. Torque screws to 6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.) into new holes,
or 4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.) into used holes.
7. Repeat steps 4 through 6 for other ignition module.
8. Rotate flywheel back and forth, checking for
clearance between magnet and ignition modules.
Make sure magnet does not strike modules. Check
gap with a feeler gauge and readjust if necessary.
Final Air Gap 0.280/0.330 mm (0.011/0.013 in.).
9. Make sure leads are under molded clip on starter
side.
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KohlerEngines.com
62 690 01 Rev. C
Reassembly
External Engine Components
T
Q
U
A
B
C
S
T
D
E
F
R
Q
U
V
W
G
O O P
V
X
H
V
I
N
J
H
K
I
M
L
K
A
Oil Filter
B
Oil Filter Nipple
C
Oil Filter Cup
D
Valve Spring
E
Cup Spring
F
Valve
G
Oil Filter Housing
H
Valley Baffle
I
Outer Cylinder Baffle
J
Electric Starter
K
Cylinder Shroud
L
Blower Housing
M
Fixed Guard
N
Oil Sentry™
O
O-ring
P
Pin
Q
Fitting
R
Oil Filter Adapter
S
Oil Cooler
T
Hose
U
Hose Clamp
V
Gasket
W
Carburetor
X
Intake Manifold
Install Outer Cylinder Baffles
1. Install outer cylinder baffles. Make sure spark plug
lead is routed through corresponding opening in
each baffle. Start each screw. Torque M6 shoulder
screws going through backing shroud assembly into
extruded holes in baffles to 4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.) into
new holes, or 2.0 N·m (18 in. lb.) into used holes.
62 690 01 Rev. C
2. Torque M6 screws going into cylinder head and
crankcase to 10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.) for new holes, or
7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.) for used holes.
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69
Reassembly
Install Oil Cooler
1. Connect hoses between oil filter adapter and oil
cooler. Secure with new clamps.
2. Align oil cooler with bosses in backing shroud
assembly. Secure screws and washers to 2.2 N·m
(20 in. lb.).
Install Carburetor
WARNING
Explosive Fuel can cause fires and severe
burns.
Do not fill fuel tank while engine is hot or
running.
Install Electric Starter
1. Install electric starter motor using screws.
2. Torque screws to 15.3 N·m (135 in. lb.).
3. Connect leads to solenoid.
Gasoline is extremely flammable and its vapors can
explode if ignited. Store gasoline only in approved
containers, in well ventilated, unoccupied buildings,
away from sparks or flames. Spilled fuel could ignite
if it comes in contact with hot parts or sparks from
ignition. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent.
Install Valley Baffles
1. Install valley baffles and secure with mounting
screws. Lower section should fit under outer baffle.
Torque M6 screws going into cylinder head to 10.7
N·m (95 in. lb.) for new holes, or 7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.)
for used holes. Start upper M6 screws only if main
control bracket rear supports attach to these screws.
2. Torque M6 screw going into lower blower housing
mounting clip to 2.5 N·m (22 in. lb.).
1. Install a new carburetor gasket onto intake manifold
with tab up. Make sure all holes align and are open.
2. Attach choke return spring and bracket to front hole
in choke lever on carburetor.
3. Connect throttle and choke linkages to carburetor if
they were previously disconnected. Install carburetor
with linkages attached as an assembly.
4. Connect fuel line to carburetor inlet and secure with
a clamp.
Control Bracket Components
I
A
M
H
O
N
J
B
K
G
L
C
D
F
E
A
Throttle Lever
B
Throttle Linkage
C
Nut
D
Governor Arm
E
Governor Spring
F
Governed Idle Spring
G
Cross Shaft
H
Governor Lever
I
Choke Cable Clamp
J
Control Pivot Pin
K
Pal Nut
L
Choke Linkage
M
Choke Return Spring
N
Choke Bracket
O
Choke Lever
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62 690 01 Rev. C
Reassembly
Install Governor Lever
Install governor lever onto governor shaft and connect
throttle linkage with black clip. Do not tighten governor
lever at this time.
Install Control Bracket and Air Cleaner Assembly
Torque Sequence
3, 7
1, 5
2, 6
4, 8
NOTE: Low-profile air cleaner is installed similarly to
Heavy-duty air cleaner.
1. Position control bracket assembly onto 2 intake
manifold bosses. Align rear supports with top valley
baffle/cylinder head mounting screw locations and
install screws, but do not fully tighten.
2. Connect choke link to control pivot pin. Reinstall
washer and secure with a new push-on pal nut.
3. Install a new air cleaner elbow gasket onto
carburetor mounting studs.
4. Slide air cleaner assembly onto carburetor mounting
studs. Align forward mounting holes in base with
mounting holes/bosses of intake manifold and
control bracket. Attach ground lead under nut as
originally installed. Install remaining nuts and start
screws. Install rear mounting screws into valley
baffle/cylinder head. Check positions of all parts then
torque nuts to 7.9 N·m (70 in. lb.) in sequence
shown and screws to 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.).
5. Connect breather hose to fitting on air cleaner outlet
and connect fuel solenoid lead.
6. Connect formed vent hose to air cleaner housing
and vent port on carburetor.
Install Throttle and Choke Linkages
Cable Control Details
If individual throttle/choke lever control linkages were
disconnected during disassembly, reconnect them based
on operating direction of control cables to be used.
Hole A is used for Outer Pull control cable actuation.
Hole B is used for Inner Pull control cable actuation.
1. Connect choke linkage to appropriate hole in choke
lever and secure with small clip.
2. Connect throttle linkage to appropriate hole in
throttle lever and secure with small clip.
Adjusting Governor
1. Position governor lever so clamping area is inboard
but completely on knurled area of governor cross
shaft.
2. Move governor lever toward carburetor as far as it
will go (wide-open throttle) and hold in position.
3. Insert a long thin rod or tool into hole on cross shaft
and rotate shaft clockwise (viewed from end) as far
as it will turn, then torque nut to 7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.).
4. Ensure correct color springs are used. Connect
governor spring (with long looped end), to inner hole
on governor lever and control bracket.
Connect governed idle spring to outer governor lever
hole and control bracket. Long end of each spring
must be toward governor lever. Make sure springs
do not contact valley baffle.
Governor Spring/RPM Chart
CH940-CH1000
Governor Idle Spring (Color)
High Speed (RPM)
Clear
1400-1625 RPM
Black
1626-1800 RPM
CH940, CH960, CH980
Governor Spring (Color)
Red
3000-3150 RPM
Green
3151-3300 RPM
Green Patch
3301-3675 RPM
Red Patch
3676-3900 RPM
CH1000
Governor Spring (Color)
B
High Speed (RPM)
High Speed (RPM)
Yellow Patch
3000-3150 RPM
Purple Patch
3151-3450 RPM
Purple
3451-3900 RPM
A
A
Hole A
62 690 01 Rev. C
B
Hole B
KohlerEngines.com
71
Reassembly
Install Oil Sentry™ (if equipped)
1. Apply pipe sealant with Teflon® (Loctite® PST® 592™
Thread Sealant or equivalent) to Oil Sentry™ threads
switch and install it into 1/8 in. port in closure plate.
Torque switch to 10.1 N·m (90 in. lb.).
2. Connect green wire lead to Oil Sentry™ terminal.
Install Blower Housing and Cylinder Shrouds
1. Align and install blower housing.
2. Secure blower housing with screws. Torque screws
to 4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.) into new holes, or 2.0 N·m
(18 in. lb.) into used holes.
3. Install cylinder shrouds and secure with shoulder
screws. Torque screws to 4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.) into
new holes, or 2.0 N·m (18 in. lb.) into used holes.
Install Control Panel (if equipped)
Control Panel Component
A
Install Muffler
1. Install new exhaust gaskets onto exhaust studs.
2. Install port liners (if equipped). Attach muffler and
secure with nuts onto exhaust studs. Torque nuts to
24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.).
3. Install any attaching hardware and brackets. Torque
M6 screws to 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.), and M8 screws to
24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.).
4. Install spark arrestor (if used).
Install Oil Filter and Add Oil to Crankcase
NOTE: Make sure both oil drain plugs are installed and
torqued to 21.4 N·m (16 ft. lb.). to prevent oil
leakage.
1. Install oil drain plugs. Torque plugs to 21.4 N·m
(16 ft. lb.).
2. Place new filter in shallow pan with open end up. Fill
with new oil until oil reaches bottom of threads. Allow
2 minutes for oil to be absorbed by filter material.
3. Apply a thin film of clean oil to rubber gasket on new
filter.
4. Refer to instructions on oil filter for proper
installation.
5. Fill crankcase with new oil. Level should be at top of
indicator on dipstick.
6. Reinstall oil fill cap/dipstick and tighten securely.
Connect Spark Plug Leads
Connect leads to spark plugs.
Prepare Engine for Operation
Engine is now completely reassembled. Before starting
or operating engine, follow proceeding steps.
1. Make sure all hardware is tightened securely.
2. Make sure oil drain plugs, Oil Sentry™ pressure
switch, and a new oil filter are installed.
3. Adjust carburetor, idle fuel needles, or idle speed
adjusting screw as necessary.
Control Panel
1. Install control panel to main control bracket and oil
filter housing. Torque M6 screw into oil filter housing
to 10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.) into a new hole, or 7.3 N·m
(65 in. lb.) into a used hole. Torque M5 screws to
6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.) into new holes, or 4.0 N·m
(35 in. lb.) into used holes.
2. Connect Oil Sentry™ indicator light wires.
3. Install knobs onto control levers.
A
72
Testing Engine
It is recommended engine be operated on a test stand or
bench prior to installation in equipment.
1. Set engine up on a test stand. Install an oil pressure
gauge. Start engine and check to be certain oil
pressure (20 psi or more) is present. Run engine at
idle for 2-3 minutes, then 5-6 minutes more between
idle and midrange. Adjust carburetor mixture settings
as necessary (as available).
2. Adjust governed idle and high speed (RPM) to
required settings. Make sure maximum engine
speed does not exceed 3900 RPM (no load).
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62 690 01 Rev. C
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© 2011 by Kohler Co. All rights reserved.
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62 690 01 Rev. C
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