Chevrolet 1995 S10 Pickup Owner`s manual

Chevrolet 1995 S10 Pickup Owner`s manual
I
Table of Contents
Inrroauction
- How to Use this Manual
This section tells you how to use your manual and includessafety
and vehicle damage warnings and symbols.
Section 1 - Seats and Restraint Systems
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts
properly. It also explains the air bag system.
Section 2
- Features & Controls
This section explains how to start and operate your vehicle.
Section 3 - Comfort Controls & Audio Systems
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort
controls and how to operate your audio system.
Section 4 - Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and
how to drive under different conditions.
Section 5 - Problems on the Road
This section tells you what to do if you have a problem while
driving, such as a flat tire or engine overheating, etc.
Section 6-
Service & Appearance Care
Here the manual tells you howto keep your vehicle running
properly and looking good.
Section 7 - Maintenance Schedule
This section tells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and
what fluids and lubricants to use.
Section 8 - Customer Assistance Information
This section tells you how to contact GM for assistance and howto
get service publications. Italso gives you information on
“Reporting Safety Defects” on page8-4.
Index
Here’s an alphabetical listingof almost every subjectin this
manual. You can use it to quickly find something you wantto read.
1
Introduction
1995 Chevrolet Blazer Owner’s Manual
Welcome
This manual was prepared to acquaint you with the operation and
maintenance of your 1995 Chevrolet Blazer and to provide important safety
information. There is also a Chevrolet Truck Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information booklet. In some vehicles, there can be information
manuals from other manufacturers like body buildersor special equipment
companies. We urge you to review all these publications carefully.This will
help you enjoy safe and trouble-free operation of your vehicle.
When it comes to service, keep in mind that your Chevrolet dealer knows
your vehicle best and is interested in your complete satisfaction.
Your dealer
invites you to return forall of your service needs both during and after the
warranty period.
Remember, if you have a concern and need help handlingit to your
satisfaction, see the procedurein the Chevrolet Truck Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information booklet.
Thanks for choosing a Chevrolet product. We value you as a member of the
Chevrolet family.We want to assure you of our continuing interestin your
pleasure and satisfaction with your vehicle.
Chevrolet Motor Division
General Motors Corporation
30007 Van Dyke Ave.
Warren, Michigan
@Copyright1994 General Motors Corporation, Chevrolet Motor Division
All Rights Reserved
Printed in U.S.A.
Second Edition
..
11
Important Notesto Owners and Drivers
About This Manual
Please keep this manualin your vehicle so it will be thereif you ever need it
when you’re on the road. If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in
it so the new owner can use it.
This manual includes the latest information
at the time itwas printed. We
reserve the right to make
changes in the product after thattime without
further notice. For vehiclesfirst sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Chevrolet Motor Division
whenever it appears in this manual.
About Driving Your Blazer
As with other vehiclesof this type, failure to operate this vehicle correctly
may result in lossof control or an accident. Be sure to read the
“on-pavement” and “off-road” driving guidelines in this manual. (See
“Driving Guidelines” and “Off-Road Driving With yourFour-wheel Drive
Vehicle” in the Index.)
W E SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
National Institute for
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
iii
For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a French Language
Manual:
Aux proprietaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous procurer un exemplairede
ce guide en francais chez votre concessionaireou au DGN Marketing
Services Ltd., 1500 Bonhill Rd., Mississauga, Ontario L5T lC7.
1
-
~0
CHEVROLET
General Motors, GM and the GM Emblem, Chevrolet and the Chevrolet
of General Motors
Emblem, and Blazer are registered trademarks
Corporation.
How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning to end when they
first receive theirnew vehicle. This will help you learn about the features
and controls for your vehicle.In this manual, you’ll find that pictures and
words work together to explain things quickly.
INDEX: A good place to lookfor what you need is the Index in back of the
manual. It’s an alphabetical listof all that’s in the manual, and the page
number where you’ll findit.
Safety Warnings andSymbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box with
gray background and the word CAUTION to tell
you about things that could
hurt you if you were to ignore the warning.
In the gray caution area, we tell you what the hazard is. Then we tell you
what to do to help avoid or reduce the hazard. Please read these cautions.
If
you don’t, you or others couldbe hurt.
You will also find a circle with a slash through
it in this book.This safety
symbol means “Don’t,’’ “Don’tdo this,’’ or “Don’t let this happen.”
iv
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could damage your vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can damage your
vehicle. Manytimes, this damage would not be coveredby your warranty,
and it could be costly. Butthe notice will tellyou what to do to help avoid
the damage.
When you read othermanuals, you might see CAUTION and NOTICE
warnings in different colors or in different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use yellow
for
cautions, blue for notices and the words CAUTION
or NOTICE.
V
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbolsyou will find on your vehicle. For
example,
these symbols are used on an original battery:
Caution
Possible Injury
Protect Eyes
by Shielding
Caustic Battery Acid
Could Cause Burns
Spark or flame Could
Explode Battery
Avoid Sparks
or Flames
These symbols are importantfor you and your passengers whenever your
vehicle is driven:
uu
Safety
Door
Fasten
Belts
Lock/Unlock
vi
-
These symbols have to do with your lights:
Master Lighting
Switch
Turn Signal
Direction
I
Parking Lights
A
Hazard Warning
Rasher
Heaulight
High Beam
I
Fog Lights
Daytime
Running Lights
Headlight
Low Beam
These symbols are on some of your controls:
0*
e w
Q
0 %0 %
I
Windshield
Wiper
Windshield
Washer
c
Windshield
Defroster
0
Rear Window
Defogger
Off
Ventilating Fan
vii
Rear Window
WiperMasher
These symbols are used on warning and indicatorlights:
1
L
Engine Coolant
Temperature
I
Fuel
Battery Charging
System
1
BRAKE
ANTI-LOCK
SHIFT
I
Brake
Anti-Lock
Brake
Shift Light
Here are some other symbols you may see:
Fuse
Horn
Lighter
I-
I-
Hood Release
...
Vlll
Engine Oil
Pressure
Seats & Restraint Systems
Section
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle how
and to use
your safety belts properly.You can also learn about some things
you should
not do with air bags and safetybelts.
Seats and Seat Controls
Manual Front Seat (Except Easy Entry)
1-1
Move the lever under
the frontof the seat
towards the driver's
door to unlockit.
Slide the seat to where
you want it. Then
release the lever and
try to move the seat
with your body to
make sure the seat is
locked into place.
Manual Front Seat (Easy EntryOnly)
'-_
a,
Move the lever under
the frontof the seat up
to unlock it. Slide the
seat to where you
want it. Then release
the lever and try to
move the seat with
your body to make
sure the seat is locked
into place.
Manual Lumbar Adjustment
If you have this
feature, there willbe a
knob on the outsideof
the driver and
passenger bucket
seats.
Turn the topof the
knob forwardto
increase lumbar
support and or
rearward to decrease
lumbar support.
1-2
Power Driver’s Seat
If you have this feature, there willbe a control pad on the front
of your
driver’s seat.
The left control make
the rear of the seat go
up and down.
The right control
makes the frontof the
seat go up anddown..
The center control
makes the whole seat
go up and downor
forward and rearward
Power Lumbar Adjustment
If you have this
feature, there will bea
control on the frontof
your driver’sseat.
Press and hold the
passenger’s sideof the
control untilyou have
the desired lumbar
support. To decrease
lumbar support, press
the driver’s sideof the
control.
1-3
Reclining Front Seatbacks
To adjust the seatback,
lift the lever on the
outer side of the seat.
Release the leverto
lock the seatback
where you wantit.
Pull up on the lever
and the seat willgo to
an upright position.
But don’t have a seatback reclined
if your vehicle is moving.
1-4
Front Seatback Latches(2-Door Models)
The front seatback folds forwardto let people get into the backseat. Your
seatback will move back and forth freely, unless
you come to a sudden stop
Then it will will lock in place.
There’s one time the seatback maynot fold without some help from you.
That’s if your vehicleis parked going down a fairly steep hill.
To fold a front
seatback forward,
push the seatback
toward the rearas you
lift this latch. Then th
seatback will fold
forward. The latch
must be down for the
seat to work properly.
1-5
Easy Entry Seat (2-Door Models)
The outside front
passenger seatof your
vehicle makes it easy
to get in and out of the
rear vehicle area.
When you tilt the outside front passenger seatback fully forward, the
whole seat will slide forward.
After someone gets into the rear seat area, move the seatback to its
original position. Then move the seat rearward until it locks.
0
To get out, again tilt the seatback fully forward.
Head Restraints
Head restraints are fixed on some models and adjustable on others.
Slide an
adjustable head restraint up or down
so that the topof the restraint is closest
to thetop of your ears.This position reduces thechance of a neck injury in a
crash.
The head restraints tilt forward and rearward also.
1-6
Rear Folding Seat
Your utility vehicle has a folding rear seat which lets you fold the seatba
down for more cargo space.
The rear seat release
handles are in the
upper centerof the
rear of the seatbacks.
Push back on the
seatbacks as you pull
up on the handles.
To raise the seatbacks, just lift up the seatbacks and push until they lock in
the upright position.
Push and pull on the seatbacksto check that the latches have locked in the
upright position. If they haven’t, have them fixed immediately.
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tellsyou how to use safety belts properly. Italso
tells you some things you should not do with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint,
or “air bag” system.
1-7
Your vehicle has a light that comes
on as a reminder to buckle up. (See
“Safety Belt Reminder Light’’ in the Index.)
In many states and Canadian provinces, the law says
to wear safety belts.
Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in acrash. If you do have a crash, you don’t
know if it will be a badone.
A few crashesare mild, and some crashes can be
so serious that even
buckled up a person wouldn’t survive. But most crashes in
arebetween. In
many of them, people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk away.
Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than25 years of safety belts in vehicles, the facts are clear. In
most crashes buckling up does matter ... a lot!
Why Safety BeltsWork
When you ride inor on anything,you go as fast as it goes.
Take the simplest
vehicle. Supposeit’s
just a seat on wheels.
--I
I
A
I
1-8
Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed.
Then stop the vehicle
The rider doesn't stop
i
The person keeps
going until stopped by
something.
In a real vehicle, it
could be the
windshield ...
I
1-9
or the instrument
panel ...
a
or the safety belts!
,
F
“
P
..
I
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle
does. You get more time to
stop. You stop over more distance, and your strongest bones take the forces.
That’s why safety belts makesuch good sense.
Here Are Questions Many People
Ask About
Safety Belts-and the Answers
Q Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an accidentif I’m wearing a
safety belt?
A:
You could be - whether you’re wearing a safety belt
or not. But you
can unbuckle a safetybelt, even if you’re upsidedown. And your
so you can
chance of being conscious during and after an accident,
unbuckle and getout, is much greater if you are belted.
1-10
0:Why don’t theyjust
putin air bagsso people won’t have to wear
safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in more of them in the
future. But they are supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts - not instead of them. Every air bagsystem ever offered
for sale has required the useof safety belts. Evenif you’re in a vehicle
that has airbags, you still have to buckleup to get the most protection
That’s true not onlyin frontal collisions,’butespecially in side and
other collisions.
0:If I’m
a good driver,
and I never drivefar from home,
why should I
wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an accident - even
one that isn’t yourfault - you and yourpassengers can be hurt. Being
a good driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond yourcontrol,
such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of home. And the
greatest number of serious injuries and deathsoccur at speeds of less
than 40 mph (65 kndh).
Safety belts arefor everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is onlyfor people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special thingsto know about safety belts and
children. And thereare different rulesfor smaller children and babies.If a
child will be riding in your
vehicle, see the partof this manual called
“Children.” Follow those rulesfor everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint
systems your vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driverposition.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraintsystem.
1-11
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear it properly.
1 . Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (tosee how, see “Seats” in the Index) so you can sit up
straight.
3. Pick up the latch
plate and pull the
belt across you.
Don’t let it get
twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle untilit clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure itis secure.
If the belt isn’t longenough, see “Safety Belt Extender”at the end of
this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positionedso you would
be able to unbuckle the safety belt quicklyif you ever had to.
5 . To make the lap
part tight, pull
down on the
buckle end of the
belt as you pull
up on the
shoulder belt.
.
1-12
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on the
hips, just
touching the thighs. In acrash, this applies force to the strong pelvicbones.
And you'd be less likely to slide under the lap belt.If you slid under it, the
belt would apply forceat your abdomen.This could cause seriousor even
fatal injuries. The shoulder belt shouldgo over the shoulder and across the
chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restrainingforces.
The safety belt locks if there's a sudden stopor a crash.
Q:
What's wrong with this?
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won't give nearly as much protection
this way.
1-13
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-14
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under thearm. It should be worn over the
shoulder at all times.
1-15
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
A
A
To unlatch the belt,
just push the button on
the buckle.The belt
should go back out of
the way.
Before you close the
door, be sure the belt
is out of the way. If
you slam the door on
it, you can damage
both the beltand your
vehicle.
1-16
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint System
(SIR)
This part explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint(SIR) system, or air
bag.
Your vehicle has an air bagfor the driver.
Here are the most important things toknow about the air bagsystem:
1-17
There is an air bag readiness lighton the instrument panel, which shows
AIR BAG. The system checks the air bag’s electrical system
for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem.See “Air
Bag Readiness Light’’ in the Index for more information.
How the Air Bag System Works
1
. ...
Where is the airbag?
The driver’s air bagis in the middle of the steering wheel.
1-18
When should an air bag inflate?
The air bag is designed to inflatein moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal crashes. The air bag will inflate only if the impact speedis
above the system’s designed “threshold level.”
If your vehicle goes straight
into a wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold levelis about 14 to 18
mph (23 to 29 k d h ) . The threshold level can vary, however, with specific
vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat aboveor below this range. If your
vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, suchas a parked car, the
threshold level will be higher. The air bag is not designed to inflatein
rollovers, side impacts, or rear impacts, because inflation would
not help the
occupant.
In any particular crash, noone can say whether anair bag should have
inflated simply because of the damage toa vehicle or because of what the
repair costs were. Inflation is determined
by the angle of the impact and the
vehicle’s deceleration. Vehicle damage is
only one indication of this.
The air bag system is designed to work properly under a wide range
of
conditions, including off-road usage. Observe safe driving speeds,
especially on rough terrain. As always, wear your safety belt.See
“Off-Road Driving” in the Index for more tips on off-road driving.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In a frontal or near-frontal impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects thatthe vehicle is suddenly stopping as a result
of a crash.
The sensing system triggers a chemical reaction
of the sodium azide sealed
in the inflator.The reaction produces nitrogen gas, which inflates theair
bag. The inflator, air bag, and related hardware are all part
of the air bag
module packed inside the steering wheel.
How does an airbag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontalor near-frontal collisions, even belted
occupants can contact the steering wheel. The air bag supplements the
protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the
impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body, stopping the occupa
more gradually.But air bags would not help youin many types of collisions
including rollovers and rear and side impacts, primarily because
an
occupant’s motion is not toward the air bag. Air
bags should never be
1-19
regarded as anything more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only
in moderateto severe frontalor near-frontal collisions.
What will yousee after an air bag inflates?
After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates.This occurs so quickly that
some people may not even realize the air bag inflated. Some components of
the air bag module in the steering wheel hub will be hot for a short time, but
the part of the bag that comesinto contact withyou will not be hot to the
touch. There will be some smoke and dust coming from vents
in the deflated
air bag. Air bag inflation will not prevent the driver from seeing
from
or
being able to steer the vehicle, nor will it stop people from leaving
the
vehicle.
The air bag is designed to inflate only
once. After it inflates, you’ll
need some new parts for yourair bag system. If you don’t get them, the
air bag system won’tbe there to help protectyou in another crash. A
new system will include theair bag module and possibly other parts.
The service manualfor your vehicle covers the needto replace other
parts.
Your vehicle is equipped with a diagnostic module, which records
information about theair bag system.The module records information
about the readiness ofthe system, when the sensors are activated and
driver’s safety belt usageat deployment.
Let only qualified technicians workon your air bag system. Improper
service can mean that your
air bag system won’t work properly.See
your dealer for service.
NOTICE:
If you damage the cover for the driver’s air bag, it maywork
not
properly. You may have to replace the air bag module.
Do not
open or break theair bag cover.
1-20
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
The air bag affects how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of
the air bag systemin several places around your vehicle. You don’t want the
system to inflatewhile someone is working on your vehicle.Your GM
dealer and the 1995 GM Service Manual have information about servicing
your vehicle and theair bag system. To purchase a service manual, see
“Service Publications” in the Index. The air bag system does not need
regular maintenance.
Adding Equipment toYour Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Q : If I add a push bumper
or a bicycle rack
to the front of my vehicle,
will it keep the air bag
from working properly?
A:
As long as the push bumper or bicycle rack is attached to your vehicle
so that the vehicle’s basic structure isn’t
changed, it’s not likely to keep
the air bags from working properlyin a crash.
0:Is there anythingI might addto the front of the vehicle that could
keep the air bagfrom working properly?
A:
Yes. If you add things thatchange your vehicle’sframe, bumper
system, front end sheet metal or
height, they may keep the air bag
system from working properly.Also, the air bag system may not work
properly if you relocate any of the air bagsensors. If you have any
question about this, you should contactCustomer Assistance before
you modify your vehicle. (The phone numbers and addressesfor
Customer Assistance are in Step Two of theCustomer Satisfaction
Procedure in this manual. See “Customer Satisfaction Procedure” in
the Index .)
1-21
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work foreveryone, including pregnant women. Like all
occupants, they are more likely to be seriously injured
if they don’t wear
safety belts.
A pregnant woman should weara lap-shoulder belt, and the lap portion
should be wornas low as possible throughoutthe pregnancy.
a safety belt
The best way to protect thefetus is to protect the mother. When
is worn properly,it’s more likely that the fetus won’t
be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making safety belts effective
is
wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the
same way as the driver’s
safety belt. See “Driver Position,” earlier in this section.
When the shoulder belt is pulled outall the way,it will lock. If it does, let it
go back all the way and start again.
1-22
Center Front Passenger Position (4-Door
Models)
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a front bench seat, someone can sitin the center position
When YOU sit in the centerfront seating position, you have a lap safety belt,
which has no retractor. To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pul
along the belt.
TOmake the beltshorter, pull its free end as shown until the beltis snug.
1-23
Buckle, position and releaseit the sameway as the lap partof a
lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long
enough, see “Safety BeltExtender”
at theend of this section.
so you would be
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
able tounbuckle the safety belt quickly you
if ever hadto.
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up! Accident statistics
show that unbelted people in the rear seat are hurt more often in crashes
than those who are wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety beltedcan be thrown outof the vehiclein
a crash. And they can strike othersin the vehicle who are wearing safety
belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
1-24
Lapshoulder Belt
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to
wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you. Don’t let it get
twisted. On four-door models, the shoulder beltmay lock if you pull
the belt acrossyou very quickly. If thishappens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlockit. Then pull the belt across you more slowly.
2. Push the latch plateinto the buckle untilit clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is
secure.
When the shoulder beltis pulled out all the way, it will
lock. If it doesr
let it go back all the way and start again.
If the beltis not longenough, see “Safety Belt Extender’’ at the end
of
this section.
Make sure the release button
on the buckle is positionedso you would
be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle endof the belt as
you pull upon the shoulderpart.
1-25
I
I
I
t
The lap part of the belt should be
worn low and snugon the hips,just
touching the thighs. In
a crash, this appliesforce to the strong pelvic
bones.
And you’dbe less likely to slide under the
lap belt. If you slid underit, the
belt would applyforce at yourabdomen. This could cause serious or even
fatal injuries. The shoulder belt shouldgo over the shoulder and across
the
chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining
forces.
The safety belt locksif there’s a sudden stop or crash.
a
On four-door models, the safety belt also locks
if you pull the belt very
quickly outof the retractor.
Rear Safety BeltComfort Guides for Children and
Small Adults(&Door Models)
Four-door models have rear shoulder belt comfort guides. This feature will
provide added comfort for children whohave outgrown child restraints and
for small adults. The comfort guides pull the shoulder belts away from the
neck and head.
There is one guide for each outside passenger position in the rearseat. You
will find them tuckedin between theseatback and the interior body,about
half-way down the edge of the seatback. Here is how you should install the
comfort guides on the shoulder belts:
1. Pull the elastic cord out from between the edge of the seatback and the
interior body to remove theguide from its storageclip.
1-27
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic cord must be under
the belt. Then, place the guide over the belt, and insert two
the edges of
the belt into the slotsof the guide.
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted andit lies flat. The elastic cord must
be under the belt andthe guide ontop.
4. Buckle the belt around thechild, and make sure that both thelap belt
and the shoulder belt are secured properly. Make sure that the shoulder
belt crosses the shoulder.See “Safety Belts, Rear Seat Passengers” in
the Index.
To remove and store the comfort guides,
just perform these steps in reverse
order. Squeeze the beltedges together so that you can take them out from
the guides. Pull the guide upward
to expose its storageclip, and then slide
the guideonto the clip. Rotate the guide and
clip inward and in between the
seatback and the interior body, leaving only the
loop of elastic cord exposed.
1-28
Cenfer Rear Passenger Position
(&Door
Models)
Lap Belt
I
When you sit in the center rear seating position, you have
a lap safety belt
which has a retractor.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across
you. Don't let it get
twisted.
2 . Push the latch plate into the buckle until
it clicks. Pull up on the latch
plate to makesure it is secure.
3. Feed the lap belt into the retractor to tighten it.
1-29
4. Position and releaseit the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder
belt.
If the belt isn’t longenough, see “Safety Belt Extender” at the
end of
this section. Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so
you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had
to.
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection!
That includes infants and all
children smaller than adult size.
In fact, the law in every state in the United
States andin every Canadian province says children
up to some age must be
restrained while ina vehicle.
Smaller Children and Babies
1-30
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1-31
Child Restraints
Be sure tofollow the instructionsfor the restraint.You may find these
instructions on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or These
both. restraints
use the beltsystem in your vehicle, but the child also has tosecured
be
within the restraint to help
reduce the chance of personal injury.The
instructions that come with the infant or child restraint will show
you how
to do that.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer
if they are restrainedin the
rear rather than the front
seat. We at General Motors therefore recommend
that you put your child restraint in a rear seat outside position unless the
child is an infant and you’re the only adult
in the vehicle. In that case, you
might want to secure the restraint in the right front seat where can
youkeep
an eye on the baby.
Wherever you installit, be sure to secure the child restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move arounda in
collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle.
Be sure to properly
secure any child restraintin your vehicle - even when no child is init.
Top Strap
If your child restraint
has a topstrap, it
should be anchored.
1-32
Once you have thetop
strap anchored, you’ll
be readyto secure the
child restraintitself.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulderbelt. See the earlier part about the topstrap
if the child restrainthas one.
2 . Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructions say.
3. Pick up the latchplate, and run the lap and shoulder portionsof the
vehicle’s safety belt throughor around therestraint. The child restraint
instructions will showyou how.
If the shoulder belt goes front
in of the child’s faceor neck, put it
behind the child restraint.
1-33
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned
so you
would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
6. To tighten thebelt, feed the shoulder belt into the retractor while you
push down on the child restraint.
1-34
7. Push and pull the child restraintin different directions tobe sure it is
secure.
To remove the childrestraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and le
it go back all the way.The safety belt will move freely again and
be ready to
work for an adult or larger child passenger.
Center Seat Positions (&Door Models)
Don’t use child restraint in these positions.
The restraints won’t work
properly.
1-35
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front
Seat
Position
You'll be using thelapshoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap
if the child restraint has one.
1. Put the restraint on the
seat. Follow the instructionsfor the child
restraint.
2. Secure the child in the child restraint as the instructions say.
3. Pick up the latchplate, and run the lap and shoulder portions
of the
vehicle's safety belt through or around the restraint.
The child restraint
instructions will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front
of the child'sface or neck, put it
behind the child restraint.
4. Buckle the belt.
Make sure the release button is positioned
so you would be able to
unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever hadto.
1-36
5. Pull the restof the shoulder belt all the way out of the retractor to set
the lock.
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6. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor while
you push down on the child restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different directions
to be sure it is
secure. If you're using a bucket seat, adjust the seatforward until the
lap portionof the safety belt holds the restraint firmly.
But don't move
it any more than needed to tighten the
lap belt.
To remove the childrestraint, just unbuckle the vehicle's safety belt and
it go back all the way.
The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to work
for an adult or
larger child passenger.
1-37
Larger Children
1
Children who have outgrown child restraints should wear the vehicle’s
safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a window
so the child can
wear a lapshoulder belt and get the additional restrainta shoulder belt can
provide.
Children who aren’t buckledup can be thrown out in crash.
a
Children who aren’t buckled upcan strike other people whoare.
1-38
Q:
What if a child is wearing alapshoulder belt, but the child
is so
small that the shoulder belt
is very close to the child’s face
or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center
of the vehicle, but be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the
child’s upper body wouldhave the restraint that beltsprovide. If the
child is sitting in a rear outside positionof a four-door model, see
“Rear Safety BeltComfort Guides” in the Index. If the childis so small
that the shoulder belt is still very close to the child’s
face or neck,you
might want to place the child ainseat that hasa lap belt, if your
vehicle has one.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt shouldbe worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs.This applies beltforce to
the child’s pelvicbones in a crash.
1-39
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around
you, you should useit.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough fasten,
to
your dealer will order you
an
extender. It’sfree. When you go in to orderit, take the heaviest coat you
will wear, so the extender will be long enoughfor you. The extender will be
just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let
someone else use it, and use it only for the seatit is made tofit. To wear it,
just attach it to the regular safety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure all your belts, buckles, latch
plates, retractors,
anchorages and reminder systems are working properly.
Look for any other
loose or damaged restraint system parts.If you see anything that mightkeep
a restraintsystem from doing itsjob, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed beltsmay not protect you in acrash. They can rip apart under
impact forces. If a belt is tornor frayed, get a newone right away.
Replacing Seat and Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts?
After a very minorcollision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were
stretched, as they would beif worn during a more severe
crash, then you
need new belts.
If belts arecut or damaged, replace them. Collision damage alsomay mean
you will needto have safety beltor seat parts repaired or replaced.
New
parts and repairs may be necessary even the
if belt wasn’t being used at the
time of the collision.
Before replacing any safetybelt, see your dealerfor the correct part number.
You’ll need the model year and model number
for your vehicle.The model
year is on your title and registration. And you can find the model number on
the Certificatioflire label of your vehicle.See “Certificatioflire Label” in
the Index.
1-40
The model numberon the replacement belt mustbe listed on the safety bel
you want to replace. Pull the shoulder belt allthe way out to see this label.
1-41
Notes
1-42
Features & Controls
Section
Here you can learn about the many standardand optional features on your
vehicle, and information on starting, shifting and braking.Also explained
are theinstrument panel and thewarning systems that tell youif everything
is working properly- and what todo if you have a problem.
Keys
2-1
This vehicle hasone
double-sided key for
the ignition,endgate,
spare tire lock
(two-door vehicles)
and door locks.It will
fit with either sideup.
0
* 0000 *
provides the owner
with a pairof identical
keys and abar-coded
tag.
The bar-coded tag has acode on it that tells your dealer
or a qualified
locksmith how to make extra keys. Keepthis tag in a safe place. If you lose
your keys, you’ll be able to have new ones made easily using this tag.
2-2
I NOTICE:
Your vehicle has a number of new features that can help preven
theft. But you can have a lot of trouble getting into your vehicle
if you ever lock your keys inside. You may even have
to damage
your vehicle to get in.
So be sure you have extra keys.
Your Doors And How They Work
Side Doors
To open the doorfrom
the inside, pull the
lever toward you and
push the door open.
2-3
Door Locks
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle:
From the outside: Use
your key.
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2-4
Power Door Locks
If your vehicle has
power door locks,
push LOCK on the
power door lock
switch on the door
armrest. This switch
will lock all the doors
at once.
To unlock thedoors,
push on the raised
area next to the key
symbol.
On four-door models, the lever on each rear door works only thatdoor's
lock.
2-5
Child Security Locks
With this feature, you
can lock the reardoors
so they can’t be
opened from the
inside by passengers.
Move the lockup to
lock the doors and
down to release the
door locks.
7
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your key, open your door and set the
locks from inside. Then get out and close the door.
Keyless Entry System
If your vehicle has thisoption, you can lock and unlock your doors or
unlock your rearendgate from up to30 feet (9 m) away using the key chain
transmitter supplied with your vehicle.
Your Keyless Entry System operates on
a radio frequency subject to Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) Rules.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to
the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference thatmay cause undesired operation.
Should interference to this system occur,try this:
0
Check to determine if battery replacement is necessary.See the
instructions on battery replacement.
Check the distance.You may be too far from your vehicle.This product
has a maximum range.
0
Check the location.Other vehicles or objectsmay be blocking the
signal.
See your GM dealer or a qualified technician for service.
Changes or modifications to this systemby other than an authorized service
facility could void authorization to use this
equipment.
2-6
Operation
When you pressUNLOCK, the driver’s door will unlock automatically.If
you press UNLOCK again within five seconds, all doors will unlock. All
doors will lock when LOCK is pressed.
The endgate glass will unlock when the REAR button
is pressed. Vehicles
with automatic transmissions musthave the transmission inPARK (P).
Vehicles with manual transmission musthave the parking brake engaged.
Matching Transmitter(s)To Your Vehicle
Each key chain transmitter is coded to prevent
another transmitter from
unlocking your vehicle.If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can
be purchasedthrough your dealer. Rememberto bring anyremaining
transmitters with you when you go to your dealer. When the dealer match
the replacement transmitter to your vehicle, the remaining transmitters m
also be matched. Once thenew transmitter iscoded, the lost transmitter wil
not unlock yourvehicle.
You can match a transmitter to as many different vehicles as youown,
provided they areequipped with exactly the same model system. (General
Motors offers several differentmodels of these systems on their vehicles.)
Each vehicle can have only two transmitters matched to
it.
See your dealer to match transmitters another
to
vehicle.
Battery Replacement
Under normaluse, the batteriesin your keychain transmitter should last
about two years.
You can tell the batteriesare weak if the transmitter won’t work at the
normal range in any location. If you have to get closeto your vehicle before
the transmitter works, it’s probablytime to change the batteries.
2-7
Your transmitter housing snaps apartfor ease in battery replacement.
To
open the housing:
I 1.Insertadime
between two
halves of the
transmitter
housing near the
key ring hole.
2. Removethe
bottom by
twisting the dime.
3. Remove and replace the batteries with two Duracell @-type batteries
(DL2016 or equivalent), positive side down.
4. Align and snap together the back and top transmitter housings.
Endgate (Hatch) Release
To open a mechanical
lock system from the
outside, insert the key
in the lock and turn to
the left to unlock the
glass. If your vehicle
has an
endgate-mounted
spare tire carrier, you
must move the carrier
arm out of the way to
open the glass.
2-8
Open the glass and
reach inside the
endgate to lift the
handle and open the
endgate.
Close the endgate first
then close the glass.
I
The endgate and glass will automatically lock when shut.
To open a power lock system from the outside, insert the key
in the lock
button and turn to the left. All
doors will unlock.
When doors are
unlocked, push the
button in to openthe
glass.
Then reach inside tolift the handle and open the endgate.The endgate can
be opened without a keyif the driver’s door isunlocked. The endgate glass
will not release if the vehicle is in gear.
If your vehicle hasan
endgate-mounted spare tire carrier, you must move the carrier
arm out of
the way to openthe glass.
To lock a powerlock system from the outside, insert the key
in the lock
button and turnto the right. Alldoors will lock.
2-9
The electric hatch
release letsyou open
your endgate glass by
just pressing a button.
The button is on the
driver’s sideof the
steering column.
If your vehicle hasan automatic transmission, your shift lever must be in
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) for the release towork.
2- 10
If you have a manual transmission, either with or without theKeyless Entr!
option, you must apply your parking brake before you
can open the endgatc
glass.
If your vehicle hasa endgate-mounted spare tirecarrier, you must move th
carrier arm out of the way to open theglass.
Endgate-Mounted Spare lire Carrier
You must move the
carrier armout of the
way to open the
endgate glass. Here's
how to move the arm
1. Squeeze the release handle to free the carrier arm.
2. Swing the carrier arm away from theendgate. You may need to giveit
a slight tug.
3. To latch the carrierarm, swing it toward theendgate.
2-11
Emergency Releasefor Opening Endgate
A. Hardware cover
D. Approx. 1.5 inch
B . Lever
C. Insulation
E. Pull back carpetto access plate
E Trim Panel
1. Peel back or slit the carpet locally to
expose the access hole in the trim
panel.
2. Use a thin
screwdriver to
reach through the
access holes in
both the trim
panel and the
hardware cover.
Pry the release
lever toward the
passenger side
until the glass
latch popsopen.
3. Reattach the carpet securely.
2-12
Theft
Vehicle theft is bigbusiness, especially in some cities. Although your
vehicle has a number of theft deterrent features, we know that nothing we
put on it can make it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you can
help.
Key in the lgnition
If you walk awayfrom your vehicle with thekeys inside, it’s an easy target
for joy riders or professional thieves - so don’t do it.
When you park your vehicle and open
the driver’s door, you’ll hear a tone
reminding you to remove your keyfrom the ignition and take it with you.
Always do this. Your steering wheel will belocked, and so will your
ignition. If you have an automatic transmission, taking your key out also
locks your transmission. And remember to
lock the doors.
Parking at Night
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your vehicle. Remember
to keep your valuablesout of sight. Put them in a storagearea, or take them
with you.
Parking Lots
If you park in a lot where
someone will be watching yourvehicle, it’s best
to lock it up and take yourkeys. But what if you have to leave your ignitio
key? What if you have to leavesomething valuable in your vehicle?
0 Put your valuables in a storage
area, like your glove box.
0 Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
2-13
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your modern vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate “break-in.” But
it will perform better in the long run if you followthese
guidelines:
Keep your speedat 55 mph (88 km/h) or less for the first 500
miles (804 km).
Don’t drive at any one speed- fast or slow - for the first
500 miles (804 km). Don’t make full-throttle starts.
Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles (322km) or
so. During this time yournew brake linings aren’t yetbroken
in. Hard stops with new liningscan mean premature wear and
earlier replacement. Follow this “breaking-in” guideline
every time you get newbrake linings.
Don’t tow a trailer during ‘(break-in.” See “Towing a Trailer’’
in the Index for more information.
Ignition Switch
Use your key to start your vehicle. The key lets you
turn the ignition switch
to five different positions.
1. OFF
2
2. RUN
3. START
4. ACC
5. LOCK
ACC (Accessory) - ACC lets you use things like the radio and the
windshield wipers when the engine off.
is To get into ACC, push the
in key
it as
and turn it toward you. Your steering wheel will remain locked, just
was before you inserted the key.
I NOTICE:
Don’t operate accessories in theACC position for long periods
of time. Prolongedoperation of accessories inthe ACC position
could drain your battery andprevent you from startiing your
vehicle.
LOCK - This position locksyour ignition, steering wheel and
transmission. It’s a theft deterrent
feature. You will only be able to remove
your key when the ignition is turned to LOCK.
OFF - This position lets you turn off the engine but still turn the steering
wheel. UseOFF if you musthave your vehicle in motionwhile the engine is
off (for example, if your vehicle is being pushed).
RUN - This is the position for driving.
START - This starts your engine.
NOTICE:
If your key seemsstuck in LOCKand you can’t turn it, be sure
it is all the way in.If it is, then turn the steeringwheel leftand
right while youturn the key hard.’But turn the key only with
your hand. Using a tool to forceit could break the key or the
ignition switch.If none of this works, then your vehicle needs
service.
2- I5
Key Release Button
“1
The key cannot be
removed from the
ignition of manual
transmission vehicles
unless the key release
button is used.
To Remove the Key
On manual transmission vehicles, turn the key
to the LOCK position while
pressing the key release button down at the same time. Pull the key straight
out.
On automatic transmission vehicles, turnthe key to LOCK and pull it
straight out.
Starting Your Engine
Engines start differently.The 8th digitof your Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) shows the code letteror number for your engine.You will
find the VIN at the top left of your instrument panel. (See “Vehicle
Identification Number” in the Index.) Follow the proper steps
to start the
engine.
Automatic transmission:
Move your shift lever to
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). Your engine won’t
start in any other position
- that’s a safety feature.To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL(N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to
PARK (P) if your vehicleis moving. If you
PARK
do, you could damage the transmission. Shift
to (P) only
when your vehicleis stopped.
2-16
Manual transmission:
The gear selector should be in neutral. Hold the clutch pedal to the floor a
start the engine. Your vehicle won’tstart if the clutch pedal is not all the
way down - that’s a safety feature.
To start your V6 engine:
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your ignition key to
START. When the engine starts, let go of the key.The idle speed will
go down as yourengine gets warm.
NOTICE:
Holding yourkey in START for longer than15 seconds at a time
will cause your battery to be drained much
sooner. And the
excessive heat can damage your starter
motor.
2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key inSTART. If it doesn’t start
in 10 seconds, push the accelerator pedal all the
way down for 5
seconds, or until it starts.
3. If your engine still won’t start, wait 15 seconds to let the starter motor
cool down anddo it all again.
When the engine starts, let go of the key and the acceleratorpedal.
NOTICE:
~
Your engine is designed to work with the electronics your
in
vehicle. If you add electrical parts accessories,
or
you could
change theway the fuel injection system operates. Before
adding
electrical equipment, check with your dealer.
If you don’t, your
engine might not perform properly.
If you ever have to have your
vehicle towed, see the partof this
manual thattells how to do it without damaging your
vehicle.
See “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
2- 17
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
I NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or standing
water,
water cancome inthrough yourengine's air intake andbadly
damage yourengine. Never drive through water that
is slightly
lower than the underbody
of your vehicle. If you can't avoid
deep puddlesor standing water, drive through themvery slowly.
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
4.3 Liter:
A. Engine coolant heater cord strap
B. Engine coolant heater cordcap
In very cold weather,0°F (-1 8 "C) or colder, the engine coolant heater
can
help. You'll get easier starting and better fuel economy during engine
warm-up. Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimumof
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
To use the coolant heater:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hoodand unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt outlet.
2-18
NOTICE:
After you’ve used the coolant heater, be sure to store the as
cord
it was beforeto keep it away from moving engine parts. If you
don’t, it could be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer
depends on the weather, the kind
of oil you have, and some otherthings.
Instead of trying to listeverything here, we ask that you contact your
GM
dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your vehicle.
The dealer can give
you the best advice for that particular area.
Automatic Transmission
There are several
different positions for
your shift lever.
c
If your vehicle isequipped with automatic transmission, it now features an
electronic shift position indicator within theinstrument cluster. This display
must be powered anytime the shift lever is capable of being moved outof
the PARK (P) position. This means thatif your key isin the OFF position,
but not locked, there will bea small current drain on your battery which
could discharge your batteryover a period of time. If you have a need to
2- 19
leave your key in the ignition
in the OFF position for an extended periodfor
any reason, itis recommended thatyou disconnect the battery cable
from
the batteryto prevent discharging your battery.
PARK (P) -This locks your rear wheels. It’s the best position to use
when you start yourengine because your vehicle can’t move easily.
REVERSE (R)- Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is moving forward
could damage your transmission. Shift to REVERSE
(R) only
after your vehicleis stopped.
To rock your vehicleback and forthto get outof snow, ice orsand
without damaging your transmission, see “If You’re Stuck:
In Sand,
Mud, Ice or Snow’’ in the Index.
e NEUTRAL (N)- In this position, yourengine doesn’t connect with
the wheels. To restart when you’re already
moving, use NEUTRAL (N)
only. Also, use NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is beingtowed.
2-20
NOTICE:
Damage to your transmission caused
by shifting out of PARK
(P) orNEUTRAL (N) with the engine racing isn’t covered
by
your warranty.
OVERDRIVE (0)
-This position is for normal driving. If you need
more powerfor passing, and you’re:
- Going less than about35 mph (56 km/h), push your accelerator
pedal about halfway down.
- Going about 35 mph (56 k d h ) or more, push the accelerator all
the way down.
You’ll shift downto the nextgear and have more power.
(a)
0
OVERDRIVE
should not be used when towinga trailer,
carrying a heavy load, driving on steep hills, orfor off-road
driving. Select DRIVE (D) when operating the vehicle under any
of these conditions.
DRIVE (D) - This is like @, but you never go into Overdrive. You
should use DRIVE (D) when towing a trailer, carrying a heavy load,
driving on steep hills, or for off-road driving.
SECOND GEAR (2) - This position gives you morepower but lower
fuel economy.You can use SECOND GEAR (2) on hills. It can help
control your speed as you
go down steep mountain roads, but thenyou
would also want to use your
brakes off and on.
If you manually select SECOND GEAR (2),the transmission will drive
in second gear. You may use this featurefor reducing torque to the rear
wheels when you are tryingto start your vehiclefrom a stop on
slippery roadsurfaces.
2-21
FIRST GEAR (1) - This position gives you even more power (but
lower fuel economy) than SECOND GEAR (2).
You can use it on very
steep hills,or in deep snow or mud. If the selector leveris put in FIRST
GEAR (1) while the vehicleis moving forward, the transmission won’t
shift into FIRST GEAR (1) until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
NOTICE:
If your rear wheels can’t rotate, don’t try to drive. This might
happen if you were stuck in very deepsand or mud were
or up
against a solid object. You could damage your transmission.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold your vehicle there
with only the accelerator pedal. Thiscould overheat and damage
the transmission.Use your brakes orshift into PARK (P)to hold
your vehicle in position on a hill.
Five-Speed Manual Transmission
This is your shift
.
I pattern. Here’s how to
operate your
transmission:
FIRST GEAR (1) -Press the clutchpedal and shift intoFlRST GEAR (1).
Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.
You can shift into FIRST GEAR (1) when you’re going less than 20 mph
(32 km/h). If you’ve come to a complete stop and it’s hardto shift into
FIRST GEAR (1)’ put the shift lever in NEUTRAL, (N) and let up on the
clutch. Press the clutch pedal back down. Thenshift into FIRST GEAR (1).
2-22
0
SECOND GEAR(2) - Press the clutch pedal as youlet up on the
accelerator pedal and shift into SECOND GEAR
(2). Then, slowly let
up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.
0
THIRD, FOURTH AND FIFTH GEARS(3,4 and 5 ) - Shift into
THIRD GEAR (3), FOURTH GEAR (4), and FIFTH GEAR( 5 ) the
same way you do for SECOND GEAR(2). Slowly let up on the clutch
pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.
To Stop - Let up on the accelerator pedaland press the brake pedal.
and the brake pedal,
Just before the vehicle stops, press the clutch pedal
and shift toNEUTRAL (N).
NEUTRAL (N) - Use this position when you start or idle your engine.
REVERSE (R) - To back up, press down the clutch pedal, wait about
6 seconds, then shiftinto REVERSE (R). Then let upon the clutch
pedal slowly while pressingthe accelerator pedal.
NOTICE:
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
is stopped.
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is moving could
damage your transmission.
Also, use REVERSE (R), along with the parking brake, for parking
your vehicle.
SHIFT Light
If you have a manual
transmission, you
have an amber SHIFT
light. This light will
show you when to
shift to the next higher
gear for best fuel
economy. It is located
at the top of your
cluster, above your
fuel gage.
SHIFT
When this light comeson, you can shift to the next higher gearif weather,
road and traffic conditionslet you. For the best fuel economy, accelerate
slowly and shift whenthe light comes on.
2-23
While you accelerate,it is normal for the light togo on and off ifyou
quickly change the position of the accelerator. Ignore the SHIFT light when
you downshift.
Four- Wheel Drive Vehicles Only:
If your vehicle has four-wheel drive andis equipped with a manual
transmission, disregard the shift light when the transfer case
is in 4LO.
Locking Rear Axle
If you have this feature, your rear axle can give
you additional traction on
snow, mud, ice, sandor gravel. It works like a standard axle most
of the
time, but whenone of the rear wheels has no traction and the other does, the
locking feature will allowthe wheel with traction to move the vehicle.
Parking Brake
To Set the Parking Brake:
Hold the regular brake
pedal down with your
right foot. Push down
the parking brake
pedal with your left
foot. If the ignition is
on, the brake system
warning light will
come on.
To Release the ParkingBrake:
Hold the regular brake
pedal down. Pull the
brake release lever.It
is located on the
bottom driver's sideof
the instrument panel.
2-24
r
~~
~
I
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause your rear brakes to
overheat. You may have to replace them, and you could also
damage other partsof your vehicle.
If you are on ahill: See “Parking on Hills” in the Index.That section
shows how to turn yourfront wheels.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any See
hill:“Towing a
Trailer” in the Index.That section shows what todo first to keep the trailer
ffom moving.
Shifting IntoPARK (P)
(Automatic TransmissionModels Only)
2-25
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and set the parking
brake.
2. Move the shift
lever intoPARK
(P) position like
this:
Pull the lever
toward you.
Move the
lever up as
far as it will
go.
3. If you have four-wheel drive with a manual transfer case shift lever, be
sure the transfer case isin a drive gear - not in NEUTRAL (N).
4. Move the key to LOCK.
5. Remove the key and takeit with you. If you can walk away from your
vehicle with thekey in your hand, your vehicle isin PARK (P).
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine Running
(Automatic Transmission Models Only)
Torque Lock (Automatic Transmission)
If you are parking ona hill andyou don’t shift your transmission into
PARK
(P) properly, the weightof the vehiclemay put too much force on the
parking pawl in the transmission.
You may find it difficult to pull the shift
2-26
lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”To prevent torque lock,
set the parking brake and then shiftinto PARK (P) properly before you
leave the driver’s seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the
Index.
When you are ready to
drive, move the shift lever outof PARK (P)before
you release the parking brake.
If “torque lock” does occur, you may need tohave another vehicle push
yours a little uphill to take some of the pressurefrom the transmission,so
you can pull the shift lever outof PARK (P).
Parking Your Vehicle (Manual Transmission
Models Only)
Before you get out of your vehicle, turn off your engine, put your manual
transmission in REVERSE (R) and firmly apply the parking
brake.
If you have four-wheel drive with a manual transfer
case shift lever, be sure
your transfer case is in a drive gear.
Your vehicle could roll if it isn’t.
If you are parking on a hill, or if your vehicle isequipped to tow a trailer,
see “Parking on Hills” or “Towing a Trailer” the
in Index.
Parking Over Things That Burn
2-27
Engine Exhaust
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
(Automatic Transmission)
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you ever have to, here
are some things to know.
2-28
If you have four-wheel drive with a manual transfer case shift lever and
your transfer case is inNEUTRAL (N), your vehicle willbe free to roll,
even if your shift lever isin PARK (P). So, be sure the transfer case is ain
drive gear - not in NEUTRAL(N). Always set yourparking brake. Follow
the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t move.See “Shifting Into
PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
All- Wheel Drive (Option)
If your vehicle has all-wheel drive, your engine’s driving power is sent to
all four wheels for extra traction. This is like four-wheel drive, but thereis
no lever or switch to engage or disengage the front axle. It is fullyautomatic
and adjusts itselfas needed for road conditions.
2-29
Four- Wheel Drive (Option)
If your vehicle has four-wheel drive, you can send your engine’s driving
power to all four wheelsfor extra traction.To shift outof two-wheel drive
and into four-wheel drive, move the transfercase shift lever to 4HI or
4LO.
You should use 2HI for most normal driving
conditions, however.
NOTICE:
I
Driving in the4HI or 4LO positions for a long time on dry or
wet pavement could shorten the life of your vehicle’s drivetrain.
Manual Transfer Case
If your four-wheel
drive vehicle has the
manual transfercase,
the transfer case shift
lever is on the floor
next to the driver. Use
this lever to shift into
and outof four-wheel
drive.
An indicator light near
the lever showsyou
the transfer case
settings:
0
2HI
4HI
N SET PARK
BRAKE
4LO
The front axle portion of the diagram on the indicator will light up when
you shift into four-wheeldrive. A slight delay between shifting and the
pattern’s lighting isnormal. If the pattern doesnot light up, or if the front
axle lightsdo not go out after you shift outof four-wheel drive, have your
2-30
dealer check your system. Turn the INT LIGHTS switch located tothe righl
of your headlight switch to dim your transfercase indicator light whenyou1
headlights or parking lights are on. This will also cause your instrument
panel lights to dim.
2HI - This setting is for driving in moststreet and highway situations.
Your front axle is not engaged in two-wheel drive.
4HI - This setting engages your front axle to help driveyour vehicle. Use
4HI when you needextra traction, such as on snowyor icy roads, or in mo
off-road situations.
N SET PARK BRAKE - Shift to this neutral setting only when your
vehicle needs to be towed.
4LO - This setting also engages your front axle to give you extra traction
and providesextra gear reduction. You may never need 4LO. It sends the
maximum power toall four wheels. You might choose 4LO if you were
driving off-road in sand, mud, or deep snow and climbing or descending
steep hills.
You can shift from 2HI to 4HI or from 4HI to 2HIwhile the vehicle is
moving. Do not pressthe transfer caseshift lever button when shiftingfron
2HI to 4HI or from 4HI to 2HI. Your front axle willengage faster if you
take your foot offof the acceleratorfor a fewseconds after you shift.
To shift your transfer case into
N SET PARK BRAKE:
1. Stop the vehicle and shift your transmission into NEUTRAL (N).
2. Set the parking brake. Your vehicle can roll unless the brakes are
applied.
3. Pull the transfer case shiftlever into N SET PARK BRAKE.
To shift into or outof 4LO:
1. The vehicle must be stopped or moving less than3 mph (4.8 k d h )
with the transmission in NEUTRAL
(N) for an automatic transmission
or the clutch pedaldepressed with a manual transmission.
2. Press the transfercase shift button and shift inone continuous motion.
Don’t pause in N SET PARK BRAKE as you shift intoor out of 4L0, or
your gears couldclash.
Remember that driving in4HI or 4LOmay reduce fuel economy. Also,
driving in four-wheel drive on dry pavementcould cause your tires towea
faster and make your transfer case harderto shift and reduce powertrain
longevity.
2-31
Electronic Transfer Case
If your four-wheel
drive vehicle has the
electronic transfer
case, the transfercase
switches are on the
right sideof your
instrument panel
above the radio
controls.
Use these switchesto shift into and outof four-wheel drive. You can choose
among three driving settings:
2HI - This setting is for driving in most street and highway situations.
Your front axle is not engaged in two-wheel drive.
4HI - This setting engages your front axleto help drive your vehicle.
Use 4HI when you need extra traction, such as on snowy or roads,
icy
or in mostoff-road situations.
4LO - This setting also engages your front axle to giveyou extra
traction. You may never need 4LO. It sends the maximum power to all
four wheels. You might choose 4LO if you were drivingoff-road in
sand, mud, deep snow and climbing or descending steephills.
Amber indicator lightsin the switches showyou which setting you are in.
The indicator lights will comeon briefly whenyou turn on the ignition and
one will stay on. If the lightsdo not come on, you should take your vehicle
in for service. When shifting, an indicator light will flash until the shift
is
completed then remain solidlylit.
To shift from2HI to 4HI - Press and release the4HI switch. This can be
done at anyspeed, and the front axle will lock automatically.
To shift from 4HIto 2HI - Press and release the2HI switch. This can be
done at any speed, and the front axle will unlock automatically.
To shift from 2H1,or 4HI to 4LO- The vehicle must be stopped or
moving less than3 mph (4.8 km/h) with the transmission inNEUTRAL (N)
in vehicles equipped with an automatic transmission or the clutch pedal
depressed in vehicles equipped witha manual transmission.The preferred
method for shifting into4LO is to have your vehicle slowly moving1 to 2
mph (1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Press and release the4LO switch. You must wait for
the amber 4LO indicator light tostop flashing andgo solid amber before
shifting your transmission intogear or releasing the clutch pedal.
2-32
If the 4LO switch is pressed when your vehicleis in gear and/or moving, tht
amber 4LO indicator light will flashfor 30 seconds and not complete the
shift unless your vehicle is below
3 mph (4.8 ludh) and the transmission is
in NEUTRAL (N)or the clutch pedal depressed.
On automatic transmission equipped vehicles:If your transfer case does not
shift into 4L0, your transmission indicator switchmay require adjustment.
With your transmission in NEUTRAL
(N), press and releasethe 4LO
switch. While the amber4LO indicator light isflashing, shift your
transmission into PARK (P).
Wait until the4LO indicator light goes solid amber before shifting your
transmission into gear.This will get you into4L0, but you should take you
vehicle in for service so normal operation can be restored.
To shift from 4LO to 4HI - Your vehicle must be stoppedor moving less
than 3 mph (4.8 k d h ) with the transmission in NEUTRAL(N) or the clutcl
pedal depressed. The preferred methodfor shifting out of 4LO isto have
your vehicle slowly moving1 to 2 mph (1.6 to 3.2 k d h ) . Press and release
the 4HI switch. You must wait for the 4HI indicator lightto stop flashing
and go solid amber before shifting your transmissioninto gear or releasing
the clutch pedal.
If the 4HI switch is pressed when your vehicle
is in gear and/or moving, the
4HI indicator light will flashfor 30 seconds but not complete the shift
unless the vehicleis below 3 mph (4.8 kmh) and the transmission is in
NEUTRAL (N)or the clutch pedaldepressed.
On automatic transmission equipped vehicles:
If your transfercase does not
shift into 4H1, your transmission indicator switch may require adjustmen
With your transmission in NEUTRAL
(N), press and release the 4HI swit
While the4HI indicator light is flashing, shift your transmissioninto PARK
(P). Wait until the 4HI indicator light goes solid amber before shifting y
transmission into gear.This will get you into4H1, but you should take you
vehicle in for service so normal operation can berestored.
2-33
Windows
,
To openyourmanual
windows, turn the
hand crank oneach
door to raiseor lower
your side door
windows.
. ... ,
If you have the optional powerwindows, the controls are on each
of the side
doors. Your power windows will only work when the ignition has been
turned toRUN. The driver’s door hasa switch for the passenger windows as
well.
Push the sideof the
switch with the down
arrow to lower the
window.
1
2-34
Push the sideof the
switch with the up
arrow to raise the
window.
Four-door vehicles
have alockout feature
to prevent passengers
from operating power
windows. It is located
on the driver’s door.
Press LOCK and only
the drivercan operate
all windows. Press
NORM and the
windows return to
normal operation.
I
Swing-Out Windows (2-Door Only)
If your vehicle has
rear swing-out
windows, just unlatch
them at their clasps
and push outon the.
glass to openthem.
When you close the
window, be sure the
latch catches.
2-35
Horn
To sound the horn,
press anywhereon the
pad on the steering
wheel.
.
.
*,.
.
Tilt Wheel (Option)
If you have the tilt
steering wheel, you
should adjust the
steering wheel before
you drive.
You can raise it to the highest level to give your legs more room when you
enter and exit the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the lever. Move the
steering wheelto a comfortable level, then release the
lever to lock the
wheel in place.
Do not adjust the steering wheel while driving.
2-36
Multifunction Lever
The lever on the driver’s side of the steering column includes your:
0
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
0
Headlamp High-Low Beam
0
Windshield Wipers
0
Windshield Washer
0
Cruise Control (Option)
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
The turn signal has
two upward (for
Right) and two
downward (for Left)
positions. These
positions allow you to
signal a turnor a lane
change.
To signal aturn, move the leverall the way upor down. When the turn is
finished, the lever will return automatically.
2-37
A green arrow on the
instrument panel will
flash in the direction
of the turn or lane
change.
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever until the green arrow
starts toflash. Hold it there until youcomplete your lanechange. The lever
will returnby itself whenyou release it.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows don’t flash butjust stay
on, a signal bulb may be burned out and other drivers won’t see your turn
signal.
If a bulb is burnedout, replace it to help avoid an accident.
If the green
arrows don’t go on at all whenyou signal a turn, check the fuse (see“Fuses”
in the Index) and for burned-out bulbs.
If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring
for the trailerlights, a
different turn signal flasher is used. With this flasher installed, the signal
indicator will flasheven if a turn signal bulb is burned
out. Check the front
and rear turn signal lights regularly to make sure they are working.
Operation of Lighting System
Although your vehicle’s lighting system
(headlamps, parking lamps, fog
lamps, side marker lamps and taillamps) meets all applicable federal
lighting requirements, certain states and
provinces may apply their own
lighting regulations thatmay require special attention beforeyou operate
these lamps.
For example, some jurisdictions may require thatyou operate your fog
lamps only when your lower beam headlamps are
also on, or that headlamps
be turned on whenever you must use your windshield wipers.
addition,
In
most jurisdictions prohibit driving solely with parking
lamps, especially at
dawn or dusk. It is recommended thatyou check with your own state or
provincial highway authorityfor applicable lighting regulations.
2-38
To change the
headlamps from low
beam to highor high
to low, pull the
Multifunction leverall
the way toward you.
Then release it.
When the high beams
are on, this blue
indicator light on the
instrument panelalso
will be on.
Windshield Wipers
You control the
windshield wipersby
turning the band with
the wiper symbolon
it.
-QI
2-39
For a single wipingcycle, turn the band to MIST. Hold
it there until the
wipers start, then let go. The wipers will stop after
one wipe. If you want
more wipes, hold the band on MIST longer.
This
You can set the wiper speed
for a long or short delay between wipes.
can be very useful in light rain
or snow. Turn the band to
choose the delay
time. The closer toLO, the shorter the delay.
For steady wiping at low
speed, turn the band away
from you to theLO
position. For high speed
wiping, turn the band further, to HI.
To stop the
wipers ,move the band to the
off symbol.
Remember that worn or damaged wiper blades may prevent from
you
seeing well enough to drive safely.
To avoid damage, be sure to clear ice
and snowfrom the wiper blades before using
them. If they’re frozen tothe
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw
them. If your bladesdo become worn
or damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snowor ice can overload your wipers.The windshield wiper motoris
protected from overload by a circuit breaker and fuse.
a If the motor
overheats due to heavy snow, etc., the wiper
will stop until the motor
cools.
Although the circuit is protected
from electrical overload, overloaddue to
heavy snow, etc. may cause wiper linkage damage. Always clear ice and
heavy snow from the windshield before using your windshield wipers.
Windshield Washer
At the topof the
multifunction lever
there’s a paddle
marked with the
windshield washer
symbol andPUSH. To
spray washer fluidon
the windshield, push
the paddle.
The wipers will clear the window and then either or
stop
return to your
preset speed.
Driving withoutwasher fluid can be dangerous. A bad mud splashcan block
your vision.You could hit another vehicle
or go off the road. Check your
washer fluid leveloften.
2-40
NOTICE:
When using concentrated washer fluid,follow the
manufacturer’s instructions for adding
water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid. Water can
cause the solution to freeze and damage your washer fluid
tank and other parts
of the washer system.Also, water
doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tankonly 3/4full when it’s very cold.
This allows for expansion,which could damage the tank
if it is
completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your windshield washer. It
can damage your washer system and paint.
Rear Window WiperMasher
’
You control your rear
window wipedwasher
from a switch on your
instrument panel
located below the rear
defogger switch.
The rear window wiper operates witha constant 5 second delay when the
rear wiper switch is in the ON (WASH) position. It will operate
continuously when theWASH switch is operated and will automatically
return to the delay mode. If the rear glass isopened, the wiper arm will
2-41
automatically park on the
endgate. When the glass is completelyclosed, the
wiper will resumethe delay mode.
To turn on the wiper, pressWASH.
a To wash the window, press and hold WASH.
The wipers will continue
to work after you release theswitch.
Press OFF to turn the wiper off.
The rear window washer uses the same fluid bottle
as the windshield
washer. However, the rear window washer
will run out of fluid beforethe
windshield washer.If you can wash your windshieldbut not your rear
window, check your fluid'level.
Cruise Control (Option)
-
If you have Cruise
Control, the endof
your multifunction
lever will look like
this.
. ..
, .
With Cruise Control, you can maintaina speed of about 25 mph (40 k d h )
or more without keeping your foot on the accelerator.
This can really help
on long trips. Cruise Control does not work atspeeds below about 25 mph
(40 km/h).
If you have an auromatic tran .ission and you apply your brakes, the
Cruise Control will shut off.
If you have a manual transmission andyou apply your brakes or push the
clutch pedal, the Cruise Control will shut off.
2-42
To Set Cruise Control
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Push in the set button at theend of the lever and releaseit.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
2-43
To Resume a Set Speed
Suppose you set yourCruise Control at a desired speed and thenyou apply
the brake.This, of course, shuts off the Cruise Control. But you don't need
Once you're going
about 25 mph (40
k d h ) or more, you
can move the Cruise
Control switch from
QN to R/A
(Resume/Accelerate)
for about half a
second.
You'll go right backup to your chosen speed and stay there.
Remember, if you hold the switch at R/A (Resume/Accelerate) longer than
half a second, the vehicle will keep going faster until
you release theswitch
or apply the brake.You could be startled and even lose control.
So unless
you want to go faster, don't hold the switchat R/A (Resume/Accelerate).
To Increase Speed While UsingCruise Control
There are two ways togo to a higher speed.
1. Use the accelerator pedal toget to the higher speed. Push the button at
the end of the lever, then release the button and the accelerator
pedal.
You'll now cruise atthe higher speed.
2-44
To increase your speed in very smallamounts, move the switch to R/A
(Resume/Accelerate).Each time you do this, your vehicle willgo about 1
mph (1.6 k d h ) faster.
To Reduce Speed While Using Cruise
Control
Push in the button at
the endof the lever
until you reach the
lower speed you want,
then releaseit.
To slow down in very small amounts, push the buttonfor less than halfa
second. Each time you do this, you'll go 1 mph (1.6 k d h ) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Confro
Use the accelerator pedalto increase yourspeed. When you take yourfoot
off the pedal, your vehicle will slow down to the
Cruise Control speed you
set earlier.
2-45
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your CruiseControl will work on hillsdepends upon your speed,
load, and the steepnessof the hills. When going
up steep hills, you may
want to step on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift atolower gear to keep yourspeed
down. Of course, applying the brake takes
you out of Cruise Control. Many
drivers find this to be too much trouble and don’tCruise
use Control on
steep hills.
To Get Outof Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn
off the Cruise Control:
r
Step lightly on
the brake pedalor
push the clutch
pedal, if you have
a manual
transmission.
Move the Cruise
switch toOFF.
To Erase SpeedMemory
When you turn off the Cruise Control or theignition, your Cruise Control
set speed memoryis erased.
2-46
Lamps
Your switches are on
the driver’s side of
your instrument panel.
Push the top switch with the parking lamps symbolon it to turn on:
Parking Lamps
0
Sidemarker Lamps
0
Taillamps
0
License Plate Lamps
0
Instrument Panel Lamps
Transfer Case Indicator Light(if you have one)
Push the bottom switch with the master lighting symbol
on it to turn on all
the lamps listedabove as well as the headlamps.
Push the sideof the switch markedOFF to turn off your lamps.
Turn the switch next to the headlamp switch up to make your instrument
panel and transfer case lights brighter. Turn the switch all the way up to tur
on the interior lamps.
You can switch your headlamps from high to low beam
by pulling on the
multifunction lever.
A circuit breaker protects your headlamps.
If you have an electrical
overload, your headlamps will flicker on and
off. Have your headlamp
wiring checked right awayif this happens.
2-47
Fog Lamps (Option)
Use your fog lamps
for better vision in
foggy or misty
conditions. Your
parking lights and/or
low beam headlamps
must be on or your
fog lamps won’t work.
The fog lamp switch is on the instrument panel under the INT
LIGHTS
switch
I
$0OFF-
Press the sideof the
switch with the light
to turn thefog lamps
on, and OFF to turn
them off. A light will
glow in the switch
when the fog lamps
are on.
FOG LAMPS
Remember, fog lamps alone will not give
off as much light as your
headlights.
Never use your fog lamps in the dark without turning on your headlights.
on. When
Fog lamps will go off whenever your high beam headlamps come
the high beamsgo off, the fog lamps will come onagain.
2-48
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Indicator Light
You may have this
light on the instrument
panel. It goes on
whenever the Daytime
Running Lamps are
on, the ignition ison,
the headlamp switch is
off, and the parking
brake is released.
Daytime Running Lamps
Vehicles sold in the United States may
or may not have this feature. DRLis
required on new vehicles soldin Canada.
The high beam headlamps willcome on at reduced brightness in daylight
when:
0
The ignition is on,
0
The headlamp switch is off, and
The parking brake is released.
When you turnon your headlamps, the DRL will switch
off and the exterior
lights will come on. When you turnoff the headlamps, the exterior lights
will go out and the high beams will change
to the reduced brightnessof
DRL again.
The DRL indicator lighton the instrument panel willgo onwhenever the
DRL is on. This light means that only the DRL
is on. When you turn on
your exterior lights, this light willgo out.
If the DRL indicator light ison at dawn or dusk, it is a reminderto turn on
your headlamps.
Of course, you may still turn on the headlamps any time you need to.
To idle your vehicle withthe DRL, off, set the parkingbrake. The DRL will
stay off until you release the parking
brake.
Headlamps-On Reminder
A reminder tone will sound when
your headlamps or parking lampsare
turned on and your ignition is in OFF,LOCK or ACC. To turn the tone
off,
press the OFF switch.
2-49
Dome Lamps
The interior lights will
come on when the
front door handles are
lifted or the side doors
are opened. They will
remain on for
approximately 30
seconds or until the
ignition is turned on.
You can also turn the dome lamp on by turningthe INT LIGHTS dimmer
switch up until itclicks.
The rear dome lamp has a switch that lets
you turn it on from the rear of
the
vehicle.
Press the sideof the
switch with the light
symbol to turnon the
front and rear dome
lamps. Pressing the
other sideof the
switch will turn all
interior lights off,
even when the endgate
and doors areopen.
2-50
Inside Mirror
Press the tab under the
mirror to reduce glare
from headlamps
behind you.
If your vehiclehas the lighted mirror, the lights will automatically come on
for approximately 15 seconds when eitherfront door is opened, or until the
ignition is turnedto RUN or ACC. The lights will also stayon for
approximately 15 seconds after you exit the vehicle.
They will also stay on for 15 seconds when the interior light switch on the
dash is turned on then off, while the ignition is off.
You can also turn me
mirror lights on and
off by pressing the
switch near each light.
2-51
Outside Mirrors
Adjust your outside
mirrors so you can
just see the side of
your vehicle.
Some mirrors are manuallyadjustable, and some mirrors come withan
optional remote control adjustment switch. Find the switch
on the driver’s
door armrest.
Turn the knob in the
switch to L or R to
choose the mirror,
then press thearrows
on the outsideswitch
ring to adjust the
mirror.
If you have the manually adjustable mirror,
you can fold it before entering
a
canvash. To fold, pull the mirrors in towards the vehicle. Push the mirrors
back out when finished.
2-52
Convex Outside Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex.
A convex mirror’s surface is curvedso you can see more from the driver’s
seat.
-
- -
Sun VisorsNanity Mirrors
L
To block out glare,
you can swing down
the top and bottom
visors. You can also
swing the bottom
visor from side to
side. Your visors may
have an extension that
can be pulled out for
additional glare
protection and a strap
for holding small
items, such as maps.
Some visors have a
lighted mirror. Just lift
the cover up to turn on
the mirror lights.
2-53
Accessory Power Outlets (Option)
If you have accessory
power outlets,you can
plug in auxiliary
electrical equipment.
Just pull downfrom
the top of thedoor and
follow the proper
installation
instructions that are
included with any
electrical equipment
you install.
These circuits are protectedby a fuse and have maximum current levels.
NOTICE:
When using the accessory power outlets, maximum electrical
load must notexceed 25 amps. Always turnoff any electrical
equipment when notin use. Leaving electrical equipmenton for
extended periods will drain your battery.
Cigarette Lighter/Ashtrays
To use the lighter,
press it in all the way,
and let go. When it's
ready, it will pop back
by itself,
.
.
Don't hold a cigarette lighter in with
your hand while it is heating.If you
do, it won't be ableto back away from the heating element when it's ready.
That can make itoverload, damaging the lighter and the heating element.
2-54
The front ashtray must
be completely pulled
out to open position
before the ashtray
cover opens and
smoking material can
be deposited.
Don’t put papers and other things that
burn into your ashtray.If you do,
cigarettes or other smoking materials could set them
on fire causing
damage.
To remove the front ashtray, push down on the metal cover. Then press
up on
the release tabon the panel under the metal cover and remove the ash tray.
I
Four-door vehicles
have smaller ashtrays
inside the rear doors.
Press PRESS to turn
the ashtray aroundfor
use.
Press on the bottom
area to open the rear
seat ashtrays in
two-door vehicles.
2-55
Storage Compartments
Cupholders are on the
front of split-bench
seats. Squeeze the
latch at the frontof
the cupholder and pull
it straight out. The
liner removes for easy
cleaning and the
cupholder is
dishwasher safe.
To open your glove
box, squeeze the lever
at the top of the
glovebox and pull the
handle towards you to
lower the door.
2-56
Two cup depressions are provided for your convenience, but the glovebox
should notbe open while driving.
You will find a storage
pocket on each front
door.
Four-door-models
have storage pockets
and cupholders on rear
doors.
2-57
Center Overhead Console
Your vehicle may
-
have an overhead
console
+
I
The console has
reading lights that turn
on and off by pressing
in on the button by
each light.The lights
can also be swiveled
to point in the
direction you want.
It has two storage
compartments which
can be used to
conveniently store
small items, like your
sunglasses, and a
compartment for your
garage door opener.
It also has an electric
compass, outside
temperature gauge and
overhead light.
P
2-58
Temperature andCompass Display
The outside air
temperature and the
compass are displayed
at the front of the
overhead console.The
control switches are
located on the driver's
side of the display.
Turn the display onor off by pressing the ON/OFF switch. Display the
temperature in either degrees Fahrenheit (English) or Celsius (metric)
by
pressing the US/METswitch.
Before you turnon the ignition and move the vehicle, the temperature
indicated will be the last outside temperature recorded with the ignition
on.
If the outside temperature is37 "F (3"C) or lower when you turn on the
ignition, ICE will appear on the display. It's a caution to thedriver that road
conditions may be icy, and that appropriate precautions should be taken.
Gompass Calibration
The compass is self-calibrating, so it does not need to be manuallyset.
However, when your vehicle is new, the compass may function erratically
it does, CAL (Calibration) will appearon the display.To correct the
problem, drive in a complete360" circle three times, and the compass will
function normally.
2-59
Compass Variance
Variance is the difference between magnetic north and geographic north. In
some areas the difference between the two
can be great enough tocause
false compass readings. If this happens, follow these instructions to set the
variance for your particular location:
1. Locate your location on the zone map. Note your zone number.
2. Press and hold both theON/OFF and the USMET switches. The
display willgo off.
3. After 5 seconds, VAR CAL will appear on the display. Whenit does,
release both buttons.
4. Press USMET until your zone numberappears on the display.
5 . Press ON/OFF to enter yourzone number. Your variance is now set.
2-60
Garage Door Opener Compartment
If you have a garage door opener, thefront overhead compartment can be
used to conveniently store the opener.
To install the garage
door opener, first open
the compartmentdoor
by pressing the latch
Peel the protective
backing from the hook
and loop patch. Press
it firmly to the back
of
your garage door
opener, as close to the
center of the opener as
possible.
Center the garage door
opener activation
button over the
console door button
and press theopener
firmly into place.
2-61
The pegs inside the
compartment door are
used to make sure the
button on the
compartment door
will contact the
control button on the
garage door opener.
1
Add one peg at a time
until the garage door
opener operates with
the compartmentdoor
closed whenyou press
the button.
F
Now, with the
compartment door
closed, push the
button again to make
sure the garagedoor
opener operates
properly.
With thegarage door opener positioned properly and the right number
of
pegs in place, you should only have to push the button slightly
to operate
the opener.Adjust the positionof the garage door opener and add or remove
pegs, as needed, until theopener operates properly.
2-62
Convenience Net
You may have a
convenience net in the
rear of your vehicle to
help keep smallitems,
like gloves and light
clothing in place
during sharp turns or
quick stops and starts.
The net is not designed to retain these itemsduring off-road use. The net is
not for larger, heavier items.
The convenience net is anchored to theendgate door. Attach the upper loop
to the retainers on eitherside of the endgate opening (the label shouldbe in
the upperpassenger side corner, visible fromthe rear of vehicle). Attach the
lower hooks to the rear
cargo tie-downs on the floor.
Cargo Tie Downs
There are fourcargo
tie downs in the rear
that allow you to strap
cargo in andkeep it
from moving inside
the vehicle.
2-63
Cargo CoverOr Roll-Up Cargo Cover
If you have the
optional cargo
security shade,you
can use it to cover
items in the cargo area
of your vehicle.
Grasp the handle and pull the shadeto unroll it. Latch the posts into the
sockets on the inside trim panel on the passengerside of the vehicle to
secure it.
2-64
Instrument Panel
1. Vents
2. Instrument Cluster
3. Air ConditionedHeater
4. Glove Box
5 . Audio system
6. Cigarette Lighter
6. Power Auxiliary (Option)
7. Parking Brake Release
8. Light Switches
9. Electronic TransferCase
(Option)
10. Rear Defogger (Option)
11. Ashtray
12. Shelf
13. Fog Lamps (Option)
14. Rear Wipermasher (Option)
15. Rear Hatch (Option)
Instrument Cluster
Your instrument cluster is designed to let you know at
a glance how your
vehicle is running. You’ll know how fastyou’re going, about how much
fuel you’ve used, and many other things you’ll need to know
to drive safely
and economically.
2- 65
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets
you see your speedin
both miles per hour
(mph) and kilometers
per hour (krdh).
Your odometer shows howfar your vehicle has been driven, in either miles
(used in the U.S.) or kilometers (used inCanada).
Tamper ResistantOdometer
Standard Cluster
Tachometer Cluster
___"..."
. .
Your odometer is tamper resistant. It will show silver lines between the
numbers if someone tries to turn it back.
You may wonder what happensif your vehicle needs a new odometer
installed. If the newone can be set to the mileage totalof the old odometer,
then it must be. But if itcan't, then it's set at zero, and a label must be put
on the driver's door to show the old mileage reading when the new
odometer was installed.
2-66
Trip Odometer
Tachometer
Standard
Cluster
Cluster
The trip odometer cantell you how far your vehicle has been driven since
you last set the trip odometerto zero. Make sure the buttonis completely
depressed.
To set the trip odometer to zero, completely push the button near the
readout.
Tachometer
The tachometer displays the engine speedin revolutions per minute(rpm).
Each tachometer hasa different limit depending on the powertrain in your
vehicle. The tachometer hasthree areas: normal operating range, red
warning range, and red danger range.
2-67
Normal operatingrange shows your engine speed during normal driving
conditions. For example, when the needle pointsto 2, it means theengine is
running at 2,000 revolutions per minute (rpm).The tachometer needle will
vary all the time that the
engine is running.
The red warning range tells you that your
engine speed is reaching its upper
limits. Don’t drive very long withthe tachometer in the red warning range.
If you have a manual transmission, shift to
a higher gear as soon as possible.
If you havean automatic transmission, lift your foot
off of the accelerator
pedal. If you drive for very long with thetachometer in the red danger
range, engine damage will result.
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in the red range,
or engine damage willoccur.
The red danger range tells you that yourengine speed is at its upper limits.
You should immediately shift to
a higher gear,or lift your footoff of the
accelerator pedal.If you drive for very long with the tachometer in the red
danger range, engine damage will result.
Warning Lights and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and
gages that may be on your
vehicle. The pictures will help you locate
them.
Warning lights and gagescan signal thatsomething is wrong beforeit
becomes serious enough to
cause an expensive repair or replacement.
Paying attentionto your warning lights andgages could alsosave you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may or
beis a problem withone of your
vehicle’s functions. As you will see inthe details on the next few pages,
some warning lightscome on briefly when you start the
engine just to let
you know they’re working. If you are familiar with this
section, you should
not bealarmed when thishappens.
Gages caaindicate when there may be is
ora problem withone of your
vehicle’s functions. Often gages and warning lights work together to let you
know when there’sa problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lightscomes on and stays on when you are
driving, or when one of the gages shows theremay be a problem, check the
to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
section that tells you what
Waiting to do repairs can be costly - and evendangerous. So please getto
know your warning lights and gages.They’re a big help.
2-68
Safety Be/t Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a tone will come on for about
eight seconds to remind people to fasten their safety belts, unless the
driver’s safety beltis already buckled. The safety belt light will also come
on and stay on for about 20 seconds, then it will flash for about55 seconds.
If the driver’s beltis already buckled, neither the tone nor the light
will
come on.
Air Bag,Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness lighton the instrument panel, which shows
AIR BAG. The system checks the air bag’s electrical systemfor
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem.The
system check includes the air bag sensors andthe wiring and the diagnostic
module. For more information on theair bag system, see “Air Bag”in the
Index.
2-69
You will see this light flash for a few seconds when
you turn your ignition
to RUN or START. Then the light shouldgo out. This means the systemis
ready.
If the air bag readiness light doesn’t come on when
you start your vehicle,
or stays on, or comes on when you are driving, your air bag system may not
work properly.Have your vehicle serviced right away.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake systemis divided intotwo parts. If one part
isn’t working, the other part can still work and you.
stopFor good braking,
though, you need both parts working
well.
If the warning light comes
on, there could be a brake problem. Have your
brake system inspected right away.
This light should come on brieflyas you start the vehicle.If it doesn’t come
on then, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you
if there’s a problem.
If the lightcomes on while you are driving, pull off the road and stop
carefully. You may notice that the pedalis harder to push. Or, the pedal may
go closer to the floor. It may take longer to stop.If the lightis still on, have
the vehicle towedfor service. (See “TowingYour Vehicle” in the Index.)
2-70
The brake system warning light willalso come on when you set your
parking brake, and itwill stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release fully
If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you havea
brake problem.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
ANTI-LOCK
With the anti-lock brake system, this light will comeon when you start your
engine and may stayon for several seconds. That’snormal. If the light
doesn’t come on, have it fixedso it will be readyto warn you if there is a
problem.
If the light stayson, orcomes on when you’redriving, your vehicle needs
service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t
on, you still have
brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock brakes.If the regular brake system
warning light is also on, you don’t haveanti-lock brakes and there’sa
problem with your regular brakes.
See “Brake System Warning Light”
earlier in thispart.
Indicator Lights
Indicator lights go on when you use your turnsignals, change from low
beam headlights to highbeams, or when you use your hazard
flashers. The
next few pages will also tell you about the indicator lights on your vehic
and help youlocate them.
2-71
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (SERVICE ENGINE
SOON
Light)
I
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
The amber
Malfunction Indicator
Lamp (SERVICE
ENGINE SOON
Light) is located at the
top of your instrument
panel.
A computer monitors operation of your fuel, ignition and emission control
systems. This light should come on when the ignition on,
is but the engine is
not running, as a check to show you itis working. If it does not comeon at
all, have it fixed right away. If itstays on, or it comeson while you are
driving, the computeris indicating that you have a problem.You should
take your vehicle in for servicesoon.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light on, after awhile
the emission controls won’t work
as well, your fuel economy
won’t be as good and your engine may not run
as smoothly.This
could lead to costly repairs not covered by your warranty.
If Your Vehicle is Equipped with0 8 D 11
Certain vehicles are equipped with a new emission diagnostic system.
You
can tell whether your vehicle has this system by reading your tune-up label
located under the hood.If the label says “OBD11” on it, the following
instructions apply.
Malfunction IndicatorLamp (SERVICE ENGINE SOON
Light)
Your vehicle is equipped withan onboard computer which monitors
operation of the emission control system.This system is called OBDI1
(On-Board Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intendedto assure that
emissions are at acceptable levels for the
life of the vehicle, helping to
produce a cleaner environment.The “SERVICE ENGINESOON’ light
comes on to indicate when service is required. Malfunctions often will be
2-72
indicated by the system before any problem apparent,
is
which may prevent
more serious damage to your vehicle, This system is also designed to assist
your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
The “SERVICE ENGINE SOON”light shouldcome on, as a check to show
you it isworking, when the ignition is onand the engine is not running.This
light will also come during a malfunction inone of two ways:
Light on steady - indicates a system malfunction has been detected.
Drive the vehicle to the dealer
for service at yourfirst opportunity.
Light flashing - indicates a misfire has been detected whichmay
damage the emission control system.The damage may be reduced by
lowering the vehiclespeed, reducing the amountof cargo being hauled
or trailered, avoiding hard acceleration, or
by avoiding steep uphill
grades. If these actions areeffective, the light will stop flashing and
remain on steady. Drive the vehicle toa dealer for service. If the light
continues toflash, stop the vehicle. Wait for a steady light to comeon,
then drive the vehicle to
a dealer for service.
These following conditions alsomay cause the “SERVICE ENGINE
SOON’ light to come on:
Low Fuel/Out of Fuel - As the vehicle startsto run out of fuel the
“SERVICE ENGINE SOON” light may come on as a result of an engine
misfire. Filling your gasoline tankshould correct this condition. Make sure
to install the gas cap fully. It will require
a few driving trips to turn the ligh
off.
Poor QualityFuel - Be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality
fuel. Your
engine may not run efficientlyon poor fuel. Poor fuel may cause stalling,
hesitation ormisfire. These conditions may go away when the engine is
warned-up. However, poor quality fuelmay cause the “SERVICE ENGINE
SOON’ light to come on.
Have a dealer check the vehicle.If no problems arefound, you may want to
change to another brand of fuel.
Driving Through Standing Water - Driving your vehiclethrough puddles
of deep standing water may result
in a temporary misfire condition.This
condition will usually correct itself shortly after the electrical
system dries
out. It will requirea few driving trips to turn thelight off.
2-73
Charging System Light
The red charging
system light is above
your oil temperature
gage on your
instrument cluster and
will come on briefly
when you turn on the
ignition, but the
engine is not running,
as a check to show
you it is working.
It should go out once the engine is running.
If it stayson, or comes on while
you are driving, you may have a problem with the charging system. It could
indicate that you have problems with a generator drive
belt, or another
electrical problem. Have it checked right away. Driving while this light is on
could drain your battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the light
on, be certain to turnoff all
your accessories, suchas the radio and air conditioner.
Check Gages Light
CHECK
GAGES
This amberCHECK
GAGES light is above
the fuel gage on the
instrument cluster and
will come on briefly
when you are starting
the engine.
If the light comes on and stays
on while you are driving, check your coolant
temperature and engine oil pressure gages to see
if they are in the warning
zones.
2-74
Daytime RunningLamps (DRL) Indicator Light
This green DRL
indicator light is
above the fuel gageon
the instrument cluster
A
The DRL indicator light ison whenever the ignition ison and the headlight
switch and parking brake are off. For more details aboutDRL, see “Day
Time Running Lamps”in this section.
SHIFT Indicator Light
This amber SHIFT
indicator light is at the
top of the instrument
cluster of vehicles
with manual
transmissions.
Shifting when the
indicator light ison
will help you get the
best fuel economy.
See “SHIFT Light” in
this section.
SHIFT
2-75
Headlamp High Beam Indicator Light
This blue high beam
indicator lightis
above the engine oil
temperature gage on
the instrument cluster
and is on whenever
you use your high
beam headlamps.See
“Headlamp High-Low
Beam Changer” in this
section.
A
Turn Signal and Lane Change lndicator
This light with the
green arrows ison
both sidesof the
speedometer on the
instrument cluster.
The turn signal
indicator will comeon
whenever you signal a
turn or lane change.
See “Turn andLane
Change Signal” in this
section.
2-76
Gages
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
I
210
0
This gage shows the
engine coolant
temperature. If the
gage pointer moves
into the red area, your
engine is too hot!
-E-
rc
It means that your engine coolant has overheated. If you have been
operating your vehicle under normal driving conditions, you should off
pull
the road, stop your vehicle and turn
off the engine as soon as possible.
Hot Coolant Can Burn you Badly!
In Problems On The Road, this manual
explains whatto do. See“Engine Overheating” in theIndex.
Oil Pressure Gage
The oil pressure gage
shows the engine oil
pressure in psi
(pounds per square
inch) when the engine
is running. Canadian
vehicles indicate
pressure in kPa
(kilopascals).
40
Oil pressure may vary with enginespeed, outside temperature and oil
viscosity, but readingsabove the low pressure zone indicate the normal
operating range.
A reading in the low pressure zone may be caused
by a dangerously lowoil
level or other problems causing lowoil pressure.
2-77
NOTICE:
Damage to your enginefrom neglected oil problems canbe
costly andis not covered by your warranty.
Fuel Gage
I
The fuel gage tells
you about how much
fuel you have
remaining when the
ignition is on. When
the gage first indicates
empty, you still have a
little fuel left, but you
should get morefuel
soon.
1/2
3
Here arefour things that some owners ask about. None
of these show a
problem withyour fuel gage:
At the gas station, the gas pump shuts
off before the gage readsfull.
It takes a little moreor less fuel to fill up than the gage indicated.
For
example, the gage may have indicated the tank was half
full, but it
actually took a little more
or less than half the tank’s capacity
to fill the
tank.
The gage moves a little whenyou turn a corner or speed up.
The gage doesn’tgo back to empty when you turnoff the ignition.
For your fuel tank capacity,see the Index under “Fluid Capacities.”
2-78
Voltmeter
When your engine is
not running, but the
ignition'is on (in the
RUN position), this
gage shows your
battery's state of
charge in DC volts.
14
49
When the engine is running, the gage shows the condition
of the charging
system. Readings between the low and high warning zones indicate the
normal operating range.
Readings in the low warning zone mayoccur when a large numberof
electrical accessories are operating in the vehicle and the
engine is left atan
idle for an extended period. This condition is normal sincethe charging
system is not able to provide full power atengine idle. As engine speeds are
increased, this condition should correct itself as higher
engine speeds allow
the charging system to create maximum power.
You can only drivefor a short time with the reading ineither warning zone.
If you must drive, turn off all unnecessaryaccessories.
Readings in either warning zone indicate a possible problem in the electrical
system. Have the vehicle serviced as soon as
possible.
Luggage Carrier (Option)
If you have a luggage carrier, you can load things on topof your vehicle.
The luggage carrier
has slats, side rails and
cross rails attached to
the roof to secure
cargo. The moveable
tie downs, attached to
the side rails, should
be used to secure
loads to theluggage
carrier.
I
I
2-79
Use GM accessory racks that are
compatible with your luggage carrier for
transporting sportsequipment. These are available through yourGM dealer.
Remove the center
rubber stripsin the
cross rails and attach
the GM accessory
rack to the nut plates
provided through the
center slots (fourper
cross rail).
The tap plates canbe moved to accommodate various positioning
by sliding
them inside the cross rail to the desired locations before mounting the
accessory rack.
You can adjust the cross rails to handle different size loads.
Just loosen the
slider knobs at each end of the cross rail and move them where
you want
them. Make sure both sidesof the cross rail areeven, then tighten the slider
knobs.
Be sure thecargo is properlyloaded.
Carrying small, heavy loads on the roof is notrecommended.
0
Tie the load to the moveable tie
down, (two per each side of the side
rails). Use the cross rails only keep
to the load from sliding.
If you need to carry longitems, move the cross railsas far apart as
possible. Tie the load to the moveable
tie downs providedin the side
rails. Also tie the load to the
bumpers. Do not tie the loadso tightly that
the cross rails or side rails are
damaged.
NOTICE:
Loading cargo that weighs more than 200 pounds (91 kg) on the
luggage carrier may damage your vehicle. When youcarry large
things, never let them
hang over therear or the
sides of your
vehicle. Load yourcargo so that itrests onthe slats anddoes not
scratch or damage the vehicle.
Put thecargo against the side rails and fasten it securely to the
luggage carrier. Put the main weight as
far forward as you can.
2-80
Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when loading your vehicle.
For
more information on vehicle capacityand loading, see “Loading Your
Vehicle’’ in the Index.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving, check now and then to
make sure theluggage carrier and cargo are still securely fastened.
Trailer Wiring Harness
Your vehicle will havea 5-wire and may have a 7-wire harness.
The light duty trailer wiring isa 5-wire harness assembly taped and bundled
at the left corner of the vehicle.The harness has no connector, and
you
should have a qualified service person wire your harness
for you.
The heavy duty trailer wiring isa 7-wire harness assembly. It is stored
under the vehicle, along the passenger-side frame crossmember on
two-door vehicles and on the driver-side corner frame crossmember on
four-door vehicles. It hasa 30-amp feed wire withan inline fuse locatedby
the junction block. See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index.
Both the 5-wire harness and the 7-wire harness have noconnector and
should be wiredby a qualified service person. Attach the harness to the
trailer, then tapeor strap it to your vehicle’sframe rail. Be sure you leave it
loose enough so the wiring doesn’t bend or
break, but not so loose that it
drags on the ground.
Store the harness in its original place. Wrap the harness together and tie it
neatly so it won’t be damaged.
2-81
Notes
2-82
Comfort Controls& Audio Systems
Section
U
In this section you'll findout how to operate the comfort control systems
and audio systems offered with your vehicle.Be sure to read about the
particular system supplied with your vehicle.
Comfort Controls
Heater/Air Conditioning Controls
,
Your heatedair
conditioning controls
will look like this.
..,..
Before using your vehicle'sair conditioning, open the windowsto clear the
vehicle of hot air.
The switch with thefan symbol changes the fan speed,To increase the fan
speed, push the switch upward toward HI. To decrease fan
the speed, push
the switch downward towardLO.
3-1
The upper knob changes the air temperature. Turn the knob
clockwise for
warmer air. Turn the knob
counterclockwisefor cooler air.
The lower knob selects the heateror air conditioning function and
determines which outlets the air will flow through (instrument panel,
defroster, heater, etc
.).
OFF - This setting turnsoff all heating functions.Some outside air will
still come out of the heater outlet whenever the vehicle is moving forward.
MAX A/C - Air inside your vehicle is recirculated
to maximize yourair
conditioner’s performance and your vehicle’s fuel economy.
This setting
cools the air the fastest and should be used
keep
to “unwanted odors” and/or
dust from entering the vehicle.
NORM A/C - This setting cools outside air and directs it through the
instrument panel vents.This setting is usefulfor normal cooling on hot
days.
BI-LEV A/C - Air is delivered throughthe heater floor vents as well as
the instrument panel vents.This setting is useful in cool weather with bright
sunlight.
Set the upperknob
VENT - Airflow is through the instrument panel vents.
to thetemperature desired. This setting is useful for mild outside
temperatures, when little heating or cooling is desired.
The air conditioner
does notrun.
HEAT - Heated aircomes out throughthe heater floor vents and
windshield defroster vents.This setting is usefulfor cold weather.
BLEND - Airflow is divided equally between the heater floor vent
and the
windshield defroster vents.This setting is useful in cool weather when you
have fog or ice on the windshield or side windows.
DEF - This setting directs mostair through the windshield defroster vents
and some through the heater vents.This setting is useful when you have
fog
or ice on the windshield.
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
If you use the optionalengine coolant heater before starting your
engine,
your heating system will
produce warmer airfaster, to heat thepassenger
compartment in cold weather.See “Engine Coolant Heater” in the Index.
3-2
Rear Window Defogger (Option)
If your vehicle has thisoption, the rear window will have lines running
across theglass. These lines heat your window.
For best results, clear the window of as much snow or ice as possible before
using the rear window defogger.
To turn on the rear
window defogger, find
the switch marked
REAR DEFOG on
your instrument panel
below the headlight
switch. Press ON until
the light in theswitch
comes on, then release
it.
REAR DEFOG
The rear window defogger will stay onfor 5 - 7 minutes, thenturn off. It
will only work ifthe ignition switch is turned toRUN.
You can turn the defogger off at anytime by pressing OFF. The defogger
will shut itself off after several minutesso that the glassdoes not get too
hot. If the window still isn’t clear, turn thedefogger on again.
NOTICE:
Scraping the insideof your rear window could cut and damage
the defogger. Your warranty would not cover this damage. Don’t
put decals there, either.You might have to scrape them
off.
3-3
Ventilation System
L
I‘
L
-a
Your vehicle’s ventilation system supplies outside air to the inside
of your
vehicle when it is moving. With the side windows
closed, air will flow into
the front air inletgrilles, through the vehicle, and
out the rear air exhaust
valve. Outsideair will alsoenter the vehicle when the heater
or the air
conditioning fan is running.
Ventilation Tips
Keep the hood and front air inletfree of ice, snow, or any other
obstruction (such asleaves). The heater and defroster will workfar
better, reducing the chance of fogging the insideof your windows.
0
When you enter a vehicle in cold weather,turn the blower fan toHI for
a few moments before drivingoff. This helps clear the intake ducts
of
snow and moisture, and reduces the chance
of fogging the insideof
your windows.
0
Keep the air path under the front seats clear
of objects. This helps air to
circulate throughout your vehicle.
3-4
You will findair vents
in the center andon
the sides of your
instrument panel.
flow of air, or close the vents
You can move the vents to direct the
altogether. When youclose a vent, it will increase the flowof air coming out
of any vents that areopen.
Audio Systems
Your [email protected] system has beendesigned to operate easily and give
years of listening pleasure. But you will get the most
enjoyment out of it if
you acquaint yourself withit first. Find out what [email protected] do
and how to operate all itscontrols, to be sureyou're getting the most outof
the advanced engineering that wentinto it.
Setting the Clock (Audio Systems without
a Compact
Disc)
To set the clock:
1. Press the SET button.
2. Within 5 seconds, push and hold SEEK until the correct minuteappears
on the display.
3. Press and holdSCAN until the correct hourappears on the display.
To display the clock with the ignition off, push the upperknob. The time
will bedisplayed for a few seconds.
Setting the Clock (Audio Systems with
a Compact
Disc)
To set the clock:
1. Press the SET button. The radio may be on or off.
2. Within 5 seconds, press and hold either SEEK
correct minute appears on the display.
or 4 SEEK until the
3. Press and hold SCAN until the correct hour appears on the display.
3-5
How to Operate Your E T P AM-FM Stereo Audio
System
....
I
Q
This part tells you how your [email protected] stereoaudio system works.
Upper Knob (PWR-VOL-RECALL)
functions:
-
The upper knob has these four
Turn it to turn the system on and off.
0
Turn it to control the volume.
Press it to display the time when the ignition isoff.
Press it to change between the clock and the radio station frequency
displayed when the radio is
on.
BAL (Balance) - The control ring behind the upper knob adjusts the
lefuright speaker balance.
Lower Knob (TUNE-AM-FM)
-
The lower knob hastwo functions:
0
Turn it to tune in radio stations.
0
Press it to change between theAM and € 3 4 bands.
3-6
FADE - i ne control ring behindthe lower knob adjusts thefronthear
speaker balance.
SEEK - Press the SEEK button to cause the receiver toSEEK the next
higher station and stop.
SCAN - Press the SCAN button to hear each station for a few seconds.
Push it again when you reach the station you want
to listen to and the radio
will stop scanning.“SCAN’ appears in the display.
Pushbuttons - The four pushbuttons let you return to favorite stations. To
set thepushbuttons for up to fourteen favorite stations
(7 AM and 7 FM):
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press the SET button. “SET” appears in the display.
3. Within 5 seconds, press one of the four pushbuttons to store the station.
Whenever you press thatbutton, the preset station willreturn.
Repeat these stepsfor each pushbutton.
NOTE:
In addition to the four stations set above,
as
up to three additional stations
may be preset oneach band by pressing two adjoining buttons at the same
time. Then do the following:
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press the SET button. “SET” appears in the display momentarily.
3. Within 5 seconds, press any two adjoining pushbuttons at the same
time. (The station will return when the same two buttons are pressed
again .)
TREBLE - Slide the TREBLE leverup to increase the treble response.If a
station is weak or noisy, slide the TREBLE lever down
to reduce the noise.
BASS - Slide the BASS lever up to increase the bass response. Adjust the
BASS lever to give a pleasing sound to your ear.
3-7
How to Operate Your E T P AM-FM Stereo Audio
Cassette System
--
___ _
This part tells you how your
[email protected] stereo audio cassette system
works.
Upper Knob (PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL)
functions:
0
- The upper
knob has thesefive
Turn it to turn the system on and off.
Turn it to control the volume.
Press it to display the time when the ignition is off.
Press it to change between the clock and the radio station frequency
displayed when the radio ison.
0
Press it to change sidesof a tape when a cassette is playing.
BAL (Balance) - The control ring behind the upper knob adjusts the
lefthight speaker balance.
Lower Knob (TUNE-AM-FM)
- The lower
knob has two functions:
0
Turn it to tune in radio stations.
0
Press it to change between theAM and FM bands.
FADE - The control ring behind the lower knob adjusts the
fronthear
speaker balance.
SEEK - Press the SEEK button to cause the receiverto SEEK the next
higher station and stop.
SCAN - Press the SCAN button to hear each stationfor a few seconds.
Push it again when you reach the stationyou want to listen to and the radio
will stop scanning. “SCAN” appears in the display.
3-8
Pushbuttons - The four pushbuttons let you return to favorite stations. 10
set the pushbuttons for up to fourteenfavorite stations (7 AM and 7 FM):
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press the SET button. “SET” appears in the display momentarily.
3. Within 5 seconds, press one of the four pushbuttons to store the station.
Whenever you press thatbutton, the preset station willreturn.
NOTE:
In addition to the four stations set as above, up to three additional stations
may be preset oneach band by pressing two adjoining pushbuttons at the
same time. Then do the following:
1 . Tune in the desired station.
2. Push the SET button. “SET” appears in the display momentarily.
3. Within 5 seconds, press any two adjoining pushbuttons at the same
time. (The station will return when the same two buttons are presse
again .>
Repeat these stepsfor each pairof buttons.
TREBLE - Slide the TREBLElever up to increase the treble response.If
the station is weak or noisy,
slide the TREBLE lever downto reduce the
noise.
BASS - Slide the BASS lever up to increase the bass response. Adjust th
BASS lever to givea pleasing sound to your ear.
AUTO DNR - This unit is equipped with an automatic Dynamic Noise
Reduction [email protected] hiss onAM and FM radio
broadcasts, as well ason cassette tapes. [email protected] registered trademarkof
National SemiconductorCorporation.
@
To PIay A Cassette
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that30are
to 45 minutes
long on eachside. Tapes longer than that areso thin they may not work wel
in this player.
Once the tapeis playing, use the upper and lower knobs
for volume, balance
and fade just as you do for the radio. A lighted arrow shows which directio
the tapeis being played.
FWD - To rapidly advance thetape, press 4 or b in the directionthat the
amber arrow points and the tape will rapidly
go forward until you press the
STOP-EJECT button lightly.
REV - To rapidly reverse thetape, press 4 or b in the opposite direction
that the amber arrow points and the tape will rapidly reverse
until you press
the STOP-EJECT button lightly.
3-9
PROGRAM - To go from one side of the tape to the other, press the
PWR-VOL-PROCi-RCL knob.
STOP-EJECT - To remove the tapeor stop the tape and switch
to radio,
press the STOP-EJECT button.
If “Cln” (Clean) appears on the display when you insert
your cassette tape,
your cassette player needsto be cleaned. It will still play cassette tapes but it
should be cleaned to prevent damage to your cassette tapes and the cassette
tape player. See “Careof Your Cassette Tape Player’’ later in this section.
After you have cleaned the cassette tape player, press and hold EJECT
for 5
seconds to reset the the “Cln” indicator.
The radio will display“- - -” to
show the clean featurehas been reset.
How to Operate Your ET* AM-FM Stereo Audio
Cassette System wifh Equalizer
This part tells youhow your [email protected] stereo audio cassette system
with equalizer works:
Upper Knob (PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL)
functions:
- The upper
knob has thesefive
Turn it to turn the system on andoff.
0
Turn it to control the volume.
Press it to display the time when the ignition isoff.
Press it to change between the clock and the radio station frequency
displayed when the radiois on.
0
Press it to change sidesof a tape whena cassette is playing.
BAL (Balance) - The control ring behind the upper knob adjusts the
lefvright speaker balance.
3-10
Lower Knob (TUNE-AM-FM) - The lower knob hastwo functions:
0
Turn it to tune in radio stations.
0
Press it to change between theAM and FM bands.
FADE - The control ring behind the lowerknob adjusts the fronthear
speaker balance.
SEEK - Press the SEEK button to cause the receiver to
SEEK the next
higher station andstop.
SCAN - Press the SCAN button to hear each station
for a few seconds.
Push it againwhen you reach the stationyou want to listento and the radio
will stop scanning. “SCAN” appears in the display.
Pushbuttons - The four pushbuttons let you return tofavorite stations. To
set the pushbuttonsfor up to fourteen favorite stations (7 AM and 7 FM):
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Push the SET button. “SET” appears in the display for about 5 seconds.
3. Within the 5 seconds, push one of the four pushbuttons. Whenever you
press thatbutton, the preset station willreturn.
NOTE:
In addition to the four stations set as above,up to three additional stations
may be preseton each band by pressing two adjoining pushbuttons at the
same time. Then do the following:
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Press the SET button.
3. Within 5 seconds, pressany two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time.
(The station will return when the same
two buttons are pressed again.)
Adjust the Tone- Use the leversin the upper middleleft corner to set the
bass, midrange, and treble until you
get the soundyou want. The 60 and 250
levers adjust thebass, 1K is midrange, and 3. X and 1OK control thetreble.
We suggest you start with the center lever(1K) in the midpointposition,
then move theothers up until you get theamount of bass and trebleyou like.
Am-St Button - The Am-St button is just below the SEARCH button.
Push this whenyou tune to an AM station that broadcasts instereo. Your
STEREO light will come on when you’re receivingAM stereo. If you push
Am-St and there is no more noise, it means the station is weak.
You’ll hear
the stationbetter if you don’t use Am-St.Just push theAm-St button again
to delete stereo.
AUTO [email protected] - This unit is equipped with an automatic Dynamic Noise
Reduction system. DNR%educes background hiss onAM and FM radio
broadcasts, as well as oncassette tapes. [email protected] registered trademarkof
National SemiconductorCorporation.
3-11
To Play A Cassette
Your tape player is built to
work best with tapes that are30 to 45 minutes
so thin they may not work well
long on each side. Tapes longer than that are
in this player.
Once the tape is playing,
use the upper and lower knobs for volume, balance
and fade just as you do for the radio.A lighted arrow shows which direction
the tape is being played.
CrO2 - The CrO2 button lets you set the systemfor the typeof cassette
being used.If you are using chrome or metal tapes, push the 0 2 button in.
FWD - To rapidly advance thetape, press 4 or b in the direction thatthe
amber arrow points and the tape will rapidly
go forward untilyou press the
STOP-EJECT button lightly.
REV - To rapidly reverse thetape, press 4 or b in the opposite direction
that the amber arrow points and the tape will rapidly reverse until
you press
the STOP-EJECT button lightly.
SEARCH - Press the SEARCH button to the recessed position.
Press b to go to the beginningof the next selection.
Press 4 and the tape will reverse to the beginning
of the current selection.
PROGRAM - To go from one side of the tape to the other, press
the
PWR-VOL-PROG-RCL knob.
STOP- EJECT - To remove the tape or stop the tape and switchradio,
to
press the STOP-EJECT button.
If “Cln” (Clean) appears on the display when
you insert your cassettetape,
your cassette player needs to be cleaned. It will
still play cassette tapes butit
should be cleaned to prevent damage to your cassette tapes the
andcassette
tape player.See “Care of Your Cassette Tape Player” later in this
section.
After you havecleaned the cassette tape player, press and hold EJECT
for 5
seconds to reset the the“Cln” indicator. The radio will display“- - -” to
show the clean feature has been reset.
Your Delco system may beable to receive [email protected] stereo broadcasts.
Many AM stations around the country use [email protected] to produce
stereo,
though some do not. [email protected] a re istered trademark of Motorola Inc.
If your Delco system can get C-QUAM 5 signals, your STEREO light will
come on when you are receiving stereo.
3-12
How to Operate Your E T P AM-FM Stereo Audio
Compact Disc(CD) System
This part tells you how [email protected] stereo system works:
Upper Knob (PWR-VOL)
- The upper
knob has two functions:
Turn it to turn the system on andoff when the ignition is on.
Turn it to control the volume. Volume will be displayed briefly unless
Left/Right speaker control, Rear/Front speaker Control, BASS01:TFREB
are adjusted.
Left/Right Speaker Control - The control ring behind the upper knob
allows you to balance the sound between the left and right speakers.
Balance will be displayed briefly when using this control.
Lower Knob (TUNE-BAND)
-
The lower knob has two functions:
Turn it to tune in radio stations.
Press it to change between the AM and FM bands.
RearFront Speaker Control - The control ring behind the lower knob
fades the sound between your rear and front speakers. Fade levels will b
briefly displayed.
SEEK - Press the SEEK
higher station.
button to cause the receiver to seek the next
Press the 4 SEEK button to cause the receiver to seek the next lower
station.
SCAN - Press the SCAN button to hear each station for a fewseconds.
Push it again whenyou reach the station you want to listen to and the radio
will stop scanning. “SC” appears in the display.
3-13
Pushbuttons - The five pushbuttons letyou return tofavorite stations.
They are also used when you play a disc. (See “TO Play
A Compact Disc”.)
To set the pushbuttonsfor up to ten favorite stations (5 AM and 5 FM):
1. Tune in the desired station.
2. Push the SET button. “SET” is displayed briefly.
3. Within 5 seconds, push one of the five pushbuttons to store thestation.
Whenever you press thatbutton, the preset station will return. Repeat
the steps for each of the 5 AM and 5 FM stations.
MUTE - Press the MUTE button and all sound
from the radio orCD
player stops. By pressing the button again sound will begin
again.
RCL - Press the RCL button to change between the clock and the radio
station frequency displayed when the radioon.
is RCL may be pressed when
the ignitionis off to see the time.
v
A
BASS - Press the BASS to increase the bass tones and BASS to
decrease bass tones. Press the center
of the controlfor a preset BASS
position. The bass level will be displayed briefly when using control.
this
v
A
TREBLE - Press the TREB to increase the treble tonesand TREB to
decrease the treble tones. Press the center
of the control fora preset TREB
position. The treble level will be displayed briefly when using control.
this
To Play A Compact Disc (CD)
NOTICE:
DO NOT usemini4iscs that are called singles. They won’t eject.
USE FULL-SIZE COMPACT DISCS. If the disc player is very
hot, or if you’re driving on a very rough road, a disc may come
out or just not play.
If you see the word HOT on the display, the
disc player is too hot to play the disc. Press
RCL to make the
word HOT go off the display. When things get back to normal,
the disc should play again. Press
PWR to turn the system on.
Insert a disc partway into theslot, label side up. The player will pull itin.
Wait a few seconds and the disc should play.
If the disc comes back out, check tosee if any of the following are true:
The disc is upside down.
It is dirty, scratched, or wet.
Too much moistureis in the air. (If thereis, wait about one hour and try
again.)
3- 14
RCL - Press RCL to see what track isplaying. Press it again within 5
seconds to see how long it has been playing.The track number alsoappears
when you change the volumeor when a new track starts to play.
COMP - Press the COMP button to makesoft and loudpassages more
nearly equal involume. “COMP” will appear in the display while using this
control.
RDM - The RDM button means random and whenit is pressed, it causes
the CD mechanism to play the tracks ina random order rather than in the
sequential 1 , 2 , 3 order. “RDM’ will appear in the display while using this
control. To return to normalsequence, press RDM again.
REV - Press and hold the REV button to quickly return
to a favorite
passage. Release it to display the passage.The counter reading willbe
displayed while using this control.
FWD - Press and hold the FWD button to advance quickly within
a track.
Release it to resume playing. Watch the display tostop at a specific passage.
SCAN - Press SCAN tosample each track for approximately 10 seconds.
Scanning will continue until the RDM, SCAN or any other motion button is
pressed again.
PREV - Hold the PREV (4SEEK) button, or press it more than once, and
the disc will return toprevious tracks.
NEXT - Press NEXT (SEEK
) , to hear the next tracknow instead of
waiting until the present track is finished.
If you hold this button or pressit
more than once, the disc will advance further.
ST-PL - Press ST-PL (Stop-Play) to make the disc stop and the radio
play. Press ST-PL again to restartthe disc at the point where
it stopped.
Press PWR or turn the ignition keyoff to stop the disc player.The disc stays
in the player and will resume playing at the point where
stopped.
it
Press EJCT to eject the disc and make the radio play.
The disc will startat
track 1 when you reinsert it.
3-15
Anti-Theft Feature
Delco LOC
is an Anti-Theft featurefor the compact disc player.
It can
be used or ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally.
If it isused, your
player won’t be usable
if it is ever stolen, because it won’t turnon.
I
I
@
The instructions below tellyou how to entera secret code into the system. If
your car loses battery powerfor any reason,you must unlock the system
with the secret code before the radio will on.
turn
To Lock The System:
1 . Write down any6 digit number and keepit in a safe place.
2. Turn the ignition to the ACC (Accessory)
or RUN position.
3. Press the PWR knob to turn the radio off.
4. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down until
“- - - shows
on the display.
”
You are now ready to enter your secret code. Don’t wait more than
15
seconds between steps.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Press SET and “000” will appearon the display.
Press the SEEK
or 4 button to make the first number appear.
Press SCAN to make the next
two numbers agree with yourcode.
Press BAND and “000” will appear again. Now you are ready toenter
the last three digitsof your code.
9. Repeat steps 6 and 7 for the last three digitsof your code.
10. Press BAND and “rEF”’ will appearfor 5 seconds and then“000” will
appear.
11. Repeat steps 6 through 10. This time “SEC” will appear - indicating
that the radio issecure.
To Unlock The System AfterA Power Loss
When battery power is reapplied to
a secured radio, the radio won’t turn on
and “LOC” will appear,onthe display.
Enter your secret code as
follows. Pause no more than 15 seconds between
steps.
1. Turn the ignition on. (Radio off.)
2. Press the SET button. The display will show “000”.
3. Enter the six digitsof the code following steps6-9 above. The display
will show the numbers asentered.
3-16
4. Press the BANDknob and the time appears - indicating that the
disabling sequence was successful.If the display indicates“SEC”, the
numbers did not matchand the unit isstill secured.
Disabling The Theft System
1. Press presets 1 and 4 for 5 seconds with ignition on and radio off. The
display will show “SEC”, indicating the unitis in the secure mode.
2. Press the SET button. The display will show “000”.
3. Enter the first three digits of the code following steps 6 and 7 of the
preceding paragraphs (To Lock the System). The display will show the
numbers as entered.
4. Press the BANDknob. The radio will display “000”.
5. Enter the second three digitsof the code. The display will show the
numbers asentered.
6. Press the BANDknob. If the display shows “- - - ”, the disabling
sequence was successful. The numbers matched the user-selectedcode
or the factoryback-up code, and the unit is in the UNSECURED
mode. If the display shows “SEC”, the disablingsequence was
unsuccessful and the numbersdid not match either of the codes and the
unit willremain in the SECURED mode.
Understanding Radio Reception
FM stereo will give you the best sound. But FM signals will reach only
about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). And, tall buildings or hills can interfere
with FM signals, causing the sound tocome and go.
The range for most AM stations is greater thanfor FM, especially atnight.
The longer range, however, can cause stations to interfere witheach other.
AM can pick up noisefrom things like storms and power lines. Try reducing
the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
AM Stereo means [email protected] can receive [email protected]
broadcasts. Many AM stations around the count use [email protected] to
produce stereo, though some do not. (C-QUAM is a registered trademark
of Motorola, Inc.) If your DelcoB system can get [email protected], your
“STEREO” light will come on when you’re receivingit.
2
Be aware that hearing damage from loud noise isalmost undetectable until
it is toolate. Your hearing can adapt to higher volumes of sound. Sound that
seems normal can be loud andharmful to your hearing. Take precautionsby
adjusting the volume control on your radio toa safe sound level before your
hearing adapts toit.
3-17
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
1. Adjust the volume controlto the lowest setting.
2. Increase volume slowly untilyou hear comfortably and clearly.
NOTICE:
-
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle like a
tape player, CB radio, mobile telephoneor two-way radio be
sure you can add whatyou want. If you can, it’s very important
to doit properly. Added sound equipment may interfere
with the
operation of your vehicle’s engine, Delco’ radio or other
systems, andeven damage them. And, your
vehicle’s systems
may interfere with the operationof sound equipment that has
been added improperly.
-
So, before adding sound equipment, check
with your dealer and
be sure to
check Federal rules covering
mobile radio and
telephone units.
Care of Your Cassette PIayer and Tape
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly is subject to reduced sound
quality, ruining thecassette, or damaging the mechanism. Tape cassettes that
are not properly stored in their plastic cases away from contaminants, direct
sunlight, and extremeheat, may not operate properly and could cause
premature failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned with every
50 hours of use to provide
optimum performance. Your radio may display “Cln” (Clean) to indicate
that you have used your tape playerfor 50 hours without re-setting the tape
clean timer. If you notice a reduction in sound quality, regardless
of when
the tape player was last
cleaned, try playing a different cassette to seeif the
tape or tape playeris at fault. If the second cassette results in
no
improvement in sound quality,try cleaning the tape player.
Proper tape player cleaning should be done with
a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette. This isa wet-type cleaning system that uses
a cleaning cassette with pads which scrub the tape head as theofhubs
the
cleaner cassette turn.To properly clean your tape player, follow instructions
with the cleaning cassette.If you use this typeof cleaner, the radiomay
display an error and eject the cartridge. This is normal and is the result
of an
added featurein the tape player that detects broken
tapes. If an error occurs,
you will need to insert the cleaning cassette at least
3 times to thoroughly
clean the tape player.
3-18
You may prefer touse a non-scrubbing action, wet-type cleaner. This type
of cleaner usesa fabric belt to clean the tape
head. This type of cleaner
cassette will notcause an error, but it may not clean the tape player as
thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
A scrubbing action cleaner cassette is availablethrough your retailer (SPO
12344600).
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time.
Always verify that thecassette tape is in good condition and the tape player
is clean before obtaining service on your tape player.
t
NOTICE:
Cassette tape adapter kits for portable
CD players will not work
in your cassette player. These adapters will cause the radio to
display an error and the adapter cassette will be ejected.
Care of Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully.Store them in their originalcases or other protective
cases andaway from direct sunlight anddust. If the surfaceof a disc is
soiled, dampen a clean, soft cloth ina mild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center to theedge.
Be sure never totouch
the signal surface
when handlingdiscs.
Pick updiscs by
grasping the outer
edges or theedge of
the holeand the outer
edge.
Antenna Care
The fixed mastantenna can withstand most car washes without being
damaged. If the mast shouldever become slightlybent, you can straighten it
out by hand. If the mast is badlybent, as itmight be by vandals, you should
replace it.
Check every once in a while to be sure the mastis still tightened to the
fender.
3-19
Notes
3-20
Your Driving and the Road
Section
1
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds
of roads and in
varying weatherconditions. We’ve also included many other useful tips
on
driving.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyonecan give about driving is: Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your vehicle: Buckle u
(See “Safety Belts”in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means“be ready for anything.’’ On citystreets,
rural roads, or freeways, it means “always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestriansor other drivers are going to be careless and make
mistakes. Anticipate what they mightdo. Be ready for their mistakes.
4-1
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable
of accidents. Yet they
are common. Allow enough followingdistance. It’s the best defensive
driving maneuver, in both city and rural
driving. You never know when the
vehicle in frontof you is going to brake orturn suddenly.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving
is a national tragedy.
It’s the number one contributor
to the highway deathtoll, claiming
thousands of victims every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a vehicle:
0
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness
Police records show thatalmost half of all motor vehicle-related deaths
involve alcohol. In mostcases, these deaths are the result
of someone who
was drinking anddriving. In recent years, some 18,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with
more than300,000 people injured.
Many adults - by some estimates, nearly half the adult populationchoose never to drinkalcohol, so they never drive after drinking. For
persons under21, it’s against the law in every
U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and developmental reasons
for these
laws.
The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem for
is people never to
drink alcohol and then
drive. But what if people do? How much is“too
much” if the driver plans to drive? It’s
a lot less than many might think.
Although it depends on each person andsituation, here is some general
information on the problem.
The Blood AlcoholConcentration (BAC) of someone who is drinking
depends upon four things:
0
How much alcohol consumed
The drinker’s body weight
0
The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
0
The length of time it’s taken the drinker to consume the alcohol
4-2
According to the American Medical Association,
a 180-pound (82kg)
person who drinks three 12-ounce (355 ml) bottlesof beer in an hour will
end up with a BAC
of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the same
BAC by drinking three &ounce (120 ml) glassesof wine or three mixed
drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 rnl) of a liquorlike whiskey, gin or
vodka.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For
example, if the same person
drank three double martinis(3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an
hour, the person’s BAC would be close
to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking will havea somewhat lower
BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have a lower relative
percentage of body water thanmen. Since alcoholis carried in body water,
this means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than
man of her same body weight when each has same
the number of drinks.
The law in manyU.S. states sets the legal limit at BAC
a
of 0.10 percent. In
a growing numberof U.S. states, and throughoutCanada, the limit is0.08
percent. In some other countries it’s even lower.
The BAC limitfor all
commercial drivers in theU.S . is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will beover 0.10 percent after three to six drinks (in
one hour). Of
course, as we’ve seen, it dependson how much alcoholis in thedrinks, and
how quickly the person drinks them.
But the ability to driveis affected well below BAC
a
of 0.10 percent.
Research shows that the driving skillsof many peopleare impaired at a
BAC approaching0.05 percent, and that the effectsare worse atnight. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above
0.05 percent. Statistics show that
the chanceof being in a collision increases sharply
for drivers who have a
BAC of 0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC levelof 0.06 percent
has doubled hisor her chanceof having a collision. At a BAC level of0.10
percent, the chanceof this driver having a collision
is twelve times greater;
at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is twenty-five times greater!
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The body takes about an hour to rid itself
of the alcohol inone drink. No
amount of coffee or number of cold showers will speed that up. “I’ll be
careful” isn’tthe right answer. Whatif there’s an emergency, a need to take
sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?A person witheven a
moderate BAC might not be ableto react quickly enoughto avoid the
collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t
know. Medical research shows that alcohol in a person’s system can make
crash injuriesworse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cordheart.
or
This means that when anyone who has been drinking- driver or passenger
- is in a crash, that person’schance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher thanif the person had not been drinking.
Control of a Vehicle
You have threesystems that make your vehiclego where you want it togo.
They are the brakes, the steering and the accelerator. All three systems have
to do their work at the places where the tires meetroad.
the
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s easy toask more of
those control systems than
the tires and road can provide.
That means you
can lose controlof your vehicle.
4-4
Braking
Braking action involvesperception time and reaction time.
First, you have to decideto push on the brake pedal. That’s
perception time.
Then you have to bring up your foot anddo it. That’s reactiun time.
Average reaction time is about 314 of a second. But that’s only an average. It
might beless with one driver and as long two
as or three secondsor more
with another.Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination, and eyesight
all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and frustration. But even in
3/4 of a
second, a vehicle moving at60 mph (100 kmk) travels 66 feet (20 m). That
could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so keeping enough space
between your vehicleand others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distancesvary greatly with the surfaceof the
road (whether it’s pavementor gravel); the conditionof the road (wet, dry,
icy); tire tread; and the conditionof your brakes.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in spurts- heavy
acceleration followed by heavy braking - rather than keeping pace with
traffic. This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time tocool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster
if you do a lot of heavy
braking. If you keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following
distances, you will eliminatea lot of unnecessary braking. That means better
braking and longer brakelife.
If your engine everstops while you’redriving, brake normally but don’t
pump yourbrakes. If you do, the pedalmay get harder to pushdown. If
your engine stops, you will still have somepower brake assist. But you will
use it when youbrake. Once the powerassist is used up, it may take longer
to stop and the brake pedal will be harder push.
to
4-5
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your vehicle has an advanced electronic brakingsystem that can help you
keep it under control. Whenyou start your vehicle and begin
to drive away,
you may hear a momentary motoror clicking noise.This is the ABS system
testing itself.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is
wet. You’re driving safely.
Suddenly an animaljumps out in front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with
ABS.
A computer senses that wheelsare slowing down. If one of the wheels is
about to stop rolling, the computer will separately work the brakes
at each
front wheel andat the rear wheels.The anti-lock system can change the
brake pressure faster than any driver
could. The computer is programmedto
make the mostof available tire and road conditions.
You can steer around
the obstacle while braking hard.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on wheel speed and
controls braking pressure accordingly.
4-6
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need to get your foot upto
the brake pedal.If you get too close to the vehicle in front of you, you won’t
have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always
leave enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have anti-lock brakes.
To Use Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down and let anti-lock
work for you. You may feel the brakes vibrate, or
you may notice some noise,
but this is normal.On vehicles with four-wheel drive, your anti-lock brakes
work at all times-- whether you are in two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive.
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to. With anti-lock, you
can steer and brake at the
same time. In many emergencies, steering can
help you more than even the very best braking.
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the
engine stops or the system is
not functioning, you can steer but it will take much
more effort.
Steering lips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on the news happen
on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to thesame laws of
physics when driving on curves.The traction of the tires against the road
surface makes it possiblefor the vehicle tochange its path when youturn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia willkeep the vehicle going in
the same direction. If you’ve ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’l
understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the conditionof your tires
and the road surface, theangle at which thecurve is banked, and your
speed. While you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then you suddenly
accelerate. Both controlsystems - steering and acceleration-have todo
their work where the tires meet the road. Adding sudden
the
acceleration
can demand too much of those places. You can lose control.
4-7
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the accelerator pedal,
steer the vehicle theway you want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn thatyou should adjust your speed. Of
course, the posted speeds are based on good weather and road conditions.
Under less favorable conditions you’ll wantto go slower.
If you needto reduce your speedas you approach a curve, do it before you
enter the curve, while your front wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speedso you can “drive” through the curve. Maintain a
reasonable, steady speed.Wait to accelerate until you are out of the curve,
and then accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective than braking.
For
example, you come over a hill and finda truck stopped in your lane,or a car
suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or
a child darts out from between parked
cars and stops right in front
of you. You can avoid these problemsby
braking - if you can stop in time. But sometimes
you can’t; there isn’t
room. That’s the time for evasive action- steering around the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very wellin emergencies like these. First apply
your brakes. (See “Braking in Emergencies’’ earlier in this section.) It is better
to remove as much speedas you can from a possible collision. Then steer
around the problem, to the left
or right dependingon the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a quick decision.
If you
are holding the steering wheel at the recommended
9 and 3 o’clock
positions, you can turn it a full 1SO degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly,just
andas quickly
straighten the wheel onceyou have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situationsare always possible isa good reason
to practice defensive driving at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-8
Off-Road Recovery
You may find sometime that your right wheels have dropped
off the edge of
a road onto the shoulder while you’redriving.
If the level of the shoulderis only slightly below the pavement,
recovery
should befairly easy. Easeoff the accelerator andthen, if there is nothing in
the way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the
edge of the pavement.You
can turn the steering wheel up to
1/4 turn until the rightfront tire contacts
the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel togo straight down the
roadway.
I
1. Edge of Road
Surface
2. Slow Down
3. Left Approx.
Quarter Turn
4. Recover
Passing
The driver of a vehicle aboutto pass another ona two-lane highway waits
for just the rightmoment, accelerates, moves aroundthe vehicle ahead, then
goes back intothe right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle
on a t w d a n e highway isa
potentially dangerousmove, since the passing vehicle occupies the same
lane asoncoming traffic for several seconds.A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender tofrustration or anger can suddenly put the
passing ‘driverface to face with the worst of all traffic accidents- the
head-on collision.
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So here are some tipsfor passing:
e “Drive ahead.” Look down the road,
to the sides, and to crossroads
for
situations that might affect your passing patterns.
If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait
for a better time.
e Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, and lines.
If you can see a
sign up ahead that might indicateturn
a or an intersection, delayyour
pass. A broken center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road aheadis clear). Never cross a solid line
on your
side of the lane or double
a
solid line, evenif the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
e Do not get too close to
the vehicle you want to pass while you’re
awaiting an opportunity. Forone thing, following too closely reduces
your areaof vision, especially if you’re
following a larger vehicle.
Also, you won’t haveadequate space if the vehicle ahead suddenly
slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable distance.
e When it looks like achance to passis coming up, start to accelerate but
stay in the right lane and don’t get too close. Time yoursomove
you,
will be increasing speed as the time comes to move into the other lane.
If the way is clear to pass, you will have a “running start” that more
than makes up for the distanceyou would lose by dropping back. And
if something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only
slow down anddrop back again and wait
for another opportunity.
a If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait your turn. But
take care that someoneisn’t trying to passyou as you pull out to pass
the slow vehicle. Remember glance
to
over your shoulder and
check
the blind spot.
a Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and start your left lane
change signal before moving out
of the right laneto pass. When you
are far enough aheadof the passed vehicleto see its front in your inside
mirror, activate your right lane change signal and move backtheinto
right lane. (Remember that your right outside mirror
is convex. The
vehicle youjust passed may seem to be farther awayfrom you than it
really is.)
a Try not to pass more than
one vehicle at atime on two-lane roads.
Reconsider before passing the next vehicle.
0
0
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. Even though the
brake lamps are not flashing, it may be slowing down or starting
to
turn.
If you’re being passed, make
it easy for the following driver to get
ahead of you. Perhaps you can ease alittle to the right.
4-10
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what happens when the three
control systems (brakes, steering and acceleration) don’t have
enough
friction where the tires meet the road
to do what thedriver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t giveup. Keep trying tosteer and constantly seekan
escape route or area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, adriver can lose controlof the vehicle. Defensive drivers avoid
most skids by taking reasonable care suited to existingconditions, and by
not “overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s three
control systems.
In the braking skid your wheels aren’t
rolling. In the steeringor cornering
skid, too much speedor steering in a curve causes tires toslip and lose
cornering force. And in the acceleration skid too much throttle causes the
driving wheels tospin.
A cornering skid andan acceleration skid are best handled
by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehiclestarts to slide, ease your foot off the accelerator pedal and
quickly steer the way you want the vehicle togo. If you start steering
quickly enough, your vehiclemay straighten out. Always be readyfor a
second skidif it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow,
ice, gravel,or other
material is on the road. For safety, you’ll want
to slow down and adjust your
driving to theseconditions. It is important to slow downon slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will
be longer and vehicle control more
limited.
While driving ona surface with reducedtraction, try your best to avoid
sudden steering, acceleration, or braking (includingengine braking by
shifting toa lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the
tires to slide.
You may not realize the surfaceis slippery until your vehicleis skidding.
Learn to recognize warning clues- such asenough water, ice or packed
snow on the road to makea “mirrored surface” - and slow down when you
have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps avoid only the braking
skid.
4-11
Driving Guidelines
This multipurpose passenger vehicle is definedas a utility vehicle in
Consumer Information Regulations issued by the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA) of the United States Department
of
Transportation. Utility vehicles have higher ground clearance and a
narrower track to make themcapable of performing in a wide varietyof
off-road applications. Specific design characteristicsgive them a higher
center of gravity than ordinarycars. An advantage of the higher ground
clearance is a better view of the road allowing youto anticipate problems.
They are not designed for cornering at the same speedsas conventional
2-wheel drive vehicles any more than low-slung sports cars are designed
to
perform satisfactorily under off-road conditions.
If at all possible, avoid
sharp turnsor abrupt maneuvers. As with other vehiclesof this type, failure
to operate this vehicle correctly
may result in loss of control or vehicle
rollover.
Off-Road Driving with Your Four-wheel Drive Vehicle
This off-road guide is for vehicles that have four-wheel drive.
Also, see “Anti-Lock Brakes” in the Index.
If your vehicle doesn’t have four-wheeldrive, you shouldn’t driveoff-road
unless you’reon a level, solid surface.
Off-road driving can be greatfun. But it does have some definite hazards.
The greatest of these is the terrainitself.
“Off-roading” means you’ve left the great North American road system
behind. Traffic lanes aren’tmarked. Curves aren’t banked.There are no
road signs. Surfaces can be slippery, rough, uphill or downhill.
In short,
you’ve gone right back to nature.
Off-road driving involves some new skills. And that’s why it’s very
important that you read this guide. You’ll find many driving tips and
suggestions. These will help make your
off-road driving safer and more
enjoyable.
Before You Go Off-Roading
There are some things todo before you go out. For example, be sure to have
all necessary maintenance and service work
done. Check to make sure all
underbody shields (ifso equipped) are properly attached. Be sure
you read
all the information about your four-wheel drive vehicle in thismanual. Is
there enoughfuel? Is the spare tire fully inflated? Are the fluid levels
up
where they shouldbe? What are the local laws that apply to off-roading
where you’llbe driving? If you don’t know,you should check with law
enforcement people in the area. Willyou be on someone’s private land?If
so, be sure to get the necessary permission.
4- 12
Loading Your Vehicle for Off-Road Driving
There are some important things to rememberabout how to load your
vehicle.
0
The heaviest things shouldbe on the loadfloor and forward of your
rear axle. Put heavier items asfar forward as you can.
Be sure the load issecured properly, so driving on the off-road terrain
doesn’t toss thingsaround.
You’ll find otherimportant information in thismanual. See “Vehicle
Loading,’’ “Luggage Carrier” and “Tires” in theIndex.
Traveling to Remote Areas
It makes sense to plan yourtrip, especially when going toa remote area.
Know the terrain and plan your route.You are much less likely to get bad
surprises. Get accurate mapsof trails and terrain. Try to learnof any
blocked or closed roads.
It’s also a good idea to travel with at least
one other vehicle. If something
happens toone of them, the othercan help quickly.
Does your vehiclehave a winch? If so, be sure to read the winch
instructions. Ina remote area, a winch canbe handy if you get stuck. But
you’ll want to know how
to use it properly.
4- 13
Getting Familiar withOff-Road Driving
It’s a good idea to practicein an area that’s safe and close
to home before
you go into the wilderness.Off-road driving does require somenew and
different driving skills. Here’s what we mean.
Tune your senses to different kinds
of signals. Your eyes, for example, need
to constantly sweep the terrain for unexpected obstacles.
Your ears need to
listen for unusual tireor engine sounds. With yourarms, hands, feet, and
body you’ll need to respond
to vibrations and vehicle bounce.
Controlling your vehicleis the key to successful off-road driving. One of
the best ways to control your vehicle is to control your speed. Here some
are
things tokeep in mind.At higher speeds:
0
you approach things faster and you have lesstime to scan the terrain for
obstacles.
0
you have less time to react.
you have more vehicle bounce when you driveover obstacles.
0
you’ll need more distance for braking
,especially sinceyou’re on an
unpaved surface.
Scanning the Terrain
Off-road driving can takeyou over many different kinds of terrain.You
need to be familiar with the terrain and its many different
features. Here are
some things to consider.
Surface Conditions. Off-roading can take you over hard-packed dirt,
gravel, rocks ,grass, sand, mud, snow or ice. Each of these surfaces affects
the steering, acceleration, and brakingof your vehicle in different
ways.
Depending upon the kindof surface you are on, you may experience
slipping, sliding, wheel spinning, delayed acceleration, poor traction
,and
longer braking distances.
4-14
Surface Obstacles. Unseen or hidden obstacles can
be hazardous. A rock,
log, hole, rut, or bump can startleyou if you’re not prepared for them. Often
these obstacles are hidden by grass, bushes, snow or even the rise and
fall of
the terrain itself. Here are some things to consider:
Is the path ahead clear?
Will the surface texture change abruptly up ahead?
@
0
Does the travel take you uphill or downhill? (There’s more discussion
of these subjects later.)
Will you have to stop suddenlyor change direction quickly?
When you driveover obstacles or rough terrain, keep a firm gripon the
steering wheel. Ruts, troughs, or other surface features can
jerk the wheel
out of your handsif you’re not prepared.
When you driveover bumps, rocks, or otherobstacles, your wheels can
leave theground. If this happens, even with one or two wheels, you can’t
control the vehicle as well orat all.
Because you will be onan unpaved surface, it’s especiallyimportant to
avoid sudden acceleration, sudden turns, or sudden braking.
In a way, off-road driving requires a different kindof alertness from driving
on paved roads andhighways. There are no roadsigns, posted speed limits
or signal lights. You have to use your own goodjudgment about what is safe
and what isn’t.
Drinking and driving canbe very dangerous on any road. And thisis
certainly true for off-road driving. At the very time you need special
alertness and drivingskills, your reflexes, perceptions andjudgment can be
affected by even a small amount of alcohol. You could have a serious - or
even fatal - accident if you drink and drive or ride with
a driver who has
been drinking. (See “Drunken Driving” in the Index.)
Driving On Off-Road Hills
Off-road driving often takes you up, down, or across a hill. Driving safely
on hills requiresgood judgment and an understanding of what your vehicle
can and can’tdo. There are some hills that simply can’t be
driven, no matter
how well built the vehicle.
4- 15
Approaching a Hill
When you approach a hill, you need to decideif it’s one of those hills that’s
just too steep toclimb, descend, or cross. Steepness can be hard tojudge.
On a very smallhill, for example, there may be a smooth, constant incline
with only a small change in elevation where
you can easily see all theway
to the top. On a large hill, the incline may get steeper asyou near thetop,
but you may not see this because the crest of the hill is hidden bushes,
by
grass, or shrubs.
Here are some other things to consider as
you approach a hill.
Is there a constant incline, or does the hill get sharply steeper in places?
0
Is there good traction on the hillside, or will the surface
cause tire
slipping?
0
Is there a straight path up or down the hill
so you won’t have to make
turning maneuvers?
0
Are there obstructions on the hill that can block your path (boulders,
trees, logs or ruts)?
What’s beyond the hill? Is therea cliff, an embankment, a drop-off, a
fence? Get out and walk the hill
if you don’t know. It’s thesmart way
to find out.
0
Is the hill simply too rough? Steep hills often haveruts, gullies, troughs
and exposed rocks because they are more susceptible to the effects
of
erosion.
Driving Uphi//
Once you decide you can safely driveup the hill, you need to takesome
special steps.
0
Use a low gear and geta firm grip on the steeringwheel.
0
Get a smooth start up the hill andtry to maintain your speed. Don’t use
more power thanyou need, because you don’t want your wheelsto start
spinning or sliding.
4- 16
Try to drive straight up the hillif at all possible. If the path twists and
turns, you might want to find anotherroute.
Ease up on’your speed as you approach the topof the hill.
Attach a flag to the vehicle to makeyou more visible to approaching
traffic on trails or hills.
Sound the horn as you approach the top of the hill to letopposing
traffic know you’re there.
Use your headlights even during the day. They makeyou more visible
to oncoming traffic.
Q: What shouldI do if my vehicle stalls,or is about tostall, and I
can’t make itup the hill?
A:
If this happens, there are some things you should do, and there are
some things you must not do. First, here’s what youshould do:
Push the brake pedal tostop the vehicle and keep itfrom rolling
backwards. Also, apply theparking brake.
If your engine is still running, shift the transmission intoreverse,
release the parking brake, and slowly back down the hill in reverse.
If your engine has stopped running, you’ll need to restartit. With the
brake pedal depressed and the parking brake stillapplied, shift the
transmission to PARK (P) (or, shift to NEUTRAL(N) if your vehicle
has a manual transmission) and restart the
engine. Then, shift to
reverse, release the parkingbrake, and slowly back down the hill as
straight as possible in reverse.
4-17
0
As you are backing down the hill, put your left hand on the steering
wheel at the 12 o’clock position.This way, you’ll be able to tellif your
wheels are straight and maneuver as
you back down. It’s best thatyou
back down the hill with your wheels straight rather than
in the left or
right direction. Turning the wheel too
far to the left or right will
increase the possibilityof a rollover.
Here are some thingsyou must not do if you stall, or are aboutto stall,
when goingup a hill.
Never attempt to preventa stall by shifting into NEUTRAL(N) (or
depressing the clutch,if you have a manual transmission) to “rev-up”
the engine and regain forward momentum.This won’t work. Your
vehicle will roll backwards very quickly and
you could go out of
control.
Instead, apply the regular brake to stop the vehicle. Then apply the parking
brake. Shift into reverse, release the parking brake, and slowly back straight
down.
Never attempt to turn aroundif you are about to stall when going
up a
hill. If the hill is steep enough to stall your vehicle, it’s steep enough to
cause you to roll overif you turn around. If you can’t makeit up the
hill, you must back straight down the hill.
Q: Suppose, after stalling,I try to back down the hill and decideI just
can’t do it. What shouldI do?
A:
Set the parking brake, put your transmission in
PARK (P) (or the
manual transmission in firstgear), and turn off the engine.Leave the
vehicle and go get some help. Exit on the uphill side and stay clear
of
the path the vehicle would take
if it rolled downhill.Do not shift the
transfer case to NEUTRAL (N) whenyou leave the vehicle.Leave it in
some gear.
4-18
Driving Downhill
When off-roading takes you downhill, you’ll want to consider a number of
things:
0
How steep is the downhill? Will I be able to maintain vehicle control?
What’s the surfacelike? Smooth? Rough? Slippery? Hard-packed dirt?
Gravel?
Are there hidden surface obstacles?Ruts? Logs? Boulders?
0
What’s at the bottomof the hill? Is there a hiddencreek bank or even a
river bottom with largerocks?
If you decide you can go down a hill safely, then tryto keep your vehicle
headed straight down, and use a low gear.This way, engine drag can help
your brakes and they won’t have
to do all the work. Descend slowly,
keeping your vehicle under control at all times.
4-19
Q: Are there some things I should not do when driving downa hill?
A: Yes? Theseare important becauseif you ignore themyou could lose
control and havea serious accident.
When driving downhill, avoid turns that takeyou across the inclineof
the hill. A hill that’s not too steepto drive downmay be too steep to
drive across.You could roll overif you don’t drive straight down.
Never go downhill with the transmission in NEUTRAL
(N), or with the
clutch pedal depressed ina manual shift. This is called
“free-wheeling.” Your brakes will have to do all the work and could
overheat andfade.
Q: Am I likely to stall when going downhill?
A: It’s much more likely to happen going uphill. Butif it happens going
downhill, here’s what todo.
0
Stop your vehicle by applying the regular brakes. Apply the parking
brake.
0
Shift to PARK (P) (or to Neutral with the manual transmission)
and,
while still braking, restart theengine.
0
Shift back toa low gear, release the parking brake, and drive straight
down.
0
If the engine won’tstart, get out and get help.
Driving Across an Incline
Sooner or later, an off-road trail will probablygo across the inclineof a hill.
If this happens, you have to decide whether totry to drive across theincline.
Here are some things to consider:
0
A hill that can be driven straightup or down may be too steep to drive
across. When yougo straight up or down a hill, the length of the wheel
base (the distance from the front wheels to the rear wheels) reduces the
likelihood the vehicle will tumble end over
end. But when you drive
across an incline, the much more narrow track width
(the distance
between the left and right wheels)
may not prevent the vehiclefrom
tilting and rolling over.Also, driving acrossan incline puts more
weight on the downhill wheels. This could cause
a downhill slideor a
rollover.
0
Surface conditions can bea problem when you drive acrossa hill.
Loose graveI, muddyspots, or even wet grass can cause your tires to
slip sideways, downhill. If the vehicle slips sideways,
it can hit
something that will tripit (a rock, a rut, etc.) and roll over.
4-20
Hidden obstacles can make the steepnessof the incline even worse. If
you drive across a rock with the uphill
wheels, or if the downhill
wheels dropinto a rut or depression, your vehicle cantilt even more.
For reasons likethese, you need to decide carefully whether
to try to drive
across an incline. Just because the trail goes across the incline doesn’t mea
you have to driveit. The last vehicle totry it might have rolled over.
hit
Q: What if I’m driving across an incline that’s not too steep, Ibut
some loose gravel and start to slide downhill. What should
I do?
A:
If you feel your vehicle starting toslide sideways, turn downhill. This
should help straighten out the vehicleand prevent the sideslipping.
However, a much betterway to prevent thisis toget out and “walk the
course” so you know what the surfaceis like before you driveit.
Stalling onan Incline
If your vehicle stalls when you’re crossing incline,
an
be sureyou (and your
passengers) get out on the uphillside, even if the door thereis harder to
open. If you get out on the downhillside and the vehicle starts to roll over,
you’ll be rightin its path.
If you have to walk down the
slope, stay out of the path the vehicle will take
if it does roll over.
I
4-21
Driving In Mud, Sand, Snow, Or Ice
When you drivein mud, snow or sand, your wheels won’t get good
traction.
You can’t accelerateas quickly, turningis more difficult, and you’ll need
longer braking distances.
It’s best touse a lowgear when you’rein mud - the deeper the mud, the
lower the gear. In reallydeep mud, the idea is tokeep your vehicle moving
so you don’t getstuck.
When you drive onsand, you’ll sense achange in wheel traction. But it will
depend upon how loosely packed the sand
is. On loosely packedsand (as on
beaches or sand dunes) your tires will tend to sink into the sand.
This has an
effect onsteering, accelerating, and braking.You may want to reducethe air
pressure in your tires slightly when driving on sand.
This will improve
traction.
Hard packed snow and ice offer the worst tire traction. On surfaces,
these
it’s very easy to losecontrol. On wet ice, for example, the traction isso poor
that you will have difficulty accelerating. And
if you do get moving, poor
steering and difficult braking can
cause you to slide outof control.
4-22
Driving In .Water
Light rain causes no special off-road driving problems. But heavy rain ca
mean flashflooding, and flood waters demand extreme
caution.
Find out how deep the water is before you drive throughit. If it’s deep
enough to cover your wheelhubs, axles,or exhaust pipe, don’t try it - you
probably won’t get through.Also, water thatdeep can damage your axle and
other vehicleparts.
If the water isn’t too deep, then drive through it slowly.
At fast speeas, water
splashes on your ignition system and your vehicle can
stall. Stalling can also
occur if you get your tailpipe under water.And, as long as your tailpipe is
under water, you’ll never be able
to start yourengine. When you go through
water, remember that when your brakes getwet, it may takeyou longer to
stop.
After Off-Road Driving
Remove any brushor debris that has collectedon the underbody, chassisor
under thehood. These accumulations canbe a fire hazard.
After operation inmud or sand, have the brake linings cleaned and checked
These substances can cause glazing and uneven braking. Check the body
structure, steering, suspension, wheels, tires, and exhaust systemfor
damage. Also, check the fuellines and cooling system for any leakage.
Your vehicle will require more frequent service due to off-road
use. Refer
to the Maintenance Schedulefor additional information.
4-23
Driving at Night
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One reason issome
that
drivers are likely to be impaired
- by alcohol ordrugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
0
Drive defensively.
0
Don't drink and drive.
0
Adjust your inside rearviewmirror to reducethe glare from headlights
behind you.
0
Since you can't see as well, youmay need to slow down and keep more
space between you and other vehicles.
0
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.Your headlights can light
up only so much road ahead.
In remote areas, watch for animals.
If you're tired, pull off the road in a safe place and
rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But
weasget older these
differences increase.A SO-year-ld driver may require at least twiceas
much light to see the same thing at night
a 20-year-old.
as
What youdo in thedaytime can also affect your night vision.
For example,
if you spend the day in bright sunshine you are wise
to wear sunglasses.
Your eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. if
But
you're driving,
don't wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on from
glare
headlights, but they also make a oflotthings invisible.
You can be temporarily blindedby approaching lights. It can take a second
or two, or even several seconds,for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
4-24
you are faced with severe glare(as from a driver who doesn’t lower the hig
beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlights), slow down little.
a
Avoid
staring directly into the approachinglights.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle clean
- inside and
out. Glare at night is made muchworse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside
of the glass can build upa film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes lights
dazzle and flash more than clean glass
would, making the pupilsof your
eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlights light up far less
of a roadway when youare
in a turnor curve. Keep youreyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick ou
dimly lighted objects. Just as your headlights should
be checked regularly
for proper aim, so should youreyes be examined regularly. Some drivers
suffer from night blindness - the inability tosee in dim light - and aren’t
even aware of it.
Driving in the Rain
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet road you stop,
can’t
accelerate or turn as well because yourtire-to-road traction isn’t as goodas
on dry roads. And, if your tires don’t have much tread
left, you’ll get even
less traction. It’s always wiseto go slower and be cautiousif rain starts to
fall while you are driving. The surface mayget wet suddenly when your
reflexes are tuned for driving on drypavement.
The heavier the rain, the harderit is tosee. Even if your windshield wiper
blades are in goodshape, a heavy rain can makeit harder to see road signs
and trafficsignals, pavement markings, the edge of the road, and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your wiping equipment in goodshape and keep your
windshield washer tankfilled. Replace your windshield wiper inserts whe
they show signs of streaking or missing areas on the windshield, or when
strips of rubberstart to separate from the inserts.
4-25
1
Driving too fast throughlarge water puddlesor even going through some
car washes can cause problems, too. The water may affect your brakes.Try
to avoid puddles. Butif you can’t, try to slow down before you hitthem.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build
up under your tires
that they can actually ride onthe water. This can happen if the road is wet
enough and you’re going‘fastenough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning, it
has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happenoften. But itcan if your tires haven’t much
tread or if the pressurein one or more is low. It can happen
if a lot of water
is standing on theroad, If you can see reflectionsfrom trees, telephone
poles, or other vehicles, and raindrops“dimple” the water’s surface, there
could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just isn’t a hard and
fast rule about hydroplaning. The best advice isto slow down whenit is
raining.
4-26
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
0
Turn on your low-beam headlights - not just your parking lights - to
help make you more visible toothers.
0
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following distance. And be
especially careful when you pass another vehicle. Allow yourself mo
clear roomahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road
spray.
Have good tires with proper treaddepth. (See “Tires” in the Index.)
City Driving
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the amount
of traffic on
them. You’ll wantto watch out for what the other drivers are doing and pay
attention to trafficsignals.
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
0
Know the best wayto get to where youare going. Get a city map and
plan your tripinto an unknown partof the cityjust as you wouldfor a
cross-country trip.
0
Try to use thefreeways that rim and crisscross most large
cities. You’ll
save time and energy. (See the next
part, “Freeway Driving.”)
e Treat agreen light as a warningsignal. A traffic lightis there because
the corner is busy enough to need it. When a light turnsgreen, and just
before you startto move, check both waysfor vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running the red light.
4-27
Freeway Driving
Mile for mile, freeways (also calledthruways, parkways, expressways,
turnpikes, or superhighways) are the safestof all roads. But they have their
own specialrules.
The most important adviceon freeway driving is: Keepup with traffic and
keep to theright. Drive at the same speed most
of the other drivers are
driving. Too-fast or too-slow driving breaksa smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane ona freeway asa passing lane.
At the entrance thereis usually a ramp that leads to the freeway.
If you have
a clear view of the freeway asyou drive along the entrance ramp, you
should begin to check traffic.
Try to determine where you expect to blend
with the flow.Try to merge into the gap at close to the prevailing
speed.
Switch on your turnsignal, check your mirrors and glance over your
shoulder as often as necessary.Try to blend smoothly with thetraffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the posted limit or to the
prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want
to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use your
turn signal.
Just before you leave thelane, glance quicklyover your shoulder to make
sure there isn’t another vehicle in your “blind” spot.
Once you are movingon the freeway, make certainyou allow a reasonable
following distance. Expect to move slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper lane well in
advance. If you m i s s your exitdo not, under any circumstances, stop and
back up. Drive on to the nextexit.
The exit ramp can becurved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your
speedometer,not to your senseof
motion. After drivingfor any distance at higher
speeds, you may tend to
think you aregoing slower than you actuallyare.
4-28
Before Leavingon a Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested.If you must start when you’re
not fresh - such as after a day’s work - don’t plan to maketoo many
miles thatfirst part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle readyfor a long trip? If you keep it serviced and maintained,
it’s ready togo. If it needs service, have it done before startingout. Of
course, you’ll find experienced and able service experts inGM dealerships
all across NorthAmerica. They’ll be ready and willingto help if you need
it.
Here are some things you can check beforea trip:
Windshield Washer Fluid:Is the reservoir full? Are all windows clean
inside andoutside?
Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
0
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked all levels?
0
Lights: Are they all working? Are the lensesclean?
Tires: They are vitallyimportant to a safe, trouble-free trip. Is the tread
good enough for long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
0
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook along your route?
Should you delay your tripa short time to avoid a major storm system?
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actuallysuch a condition as “highway hypnosis”? Or is itjust plain
falling asleep at thewheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lackof awareness, or
whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with thesame scenery,
along with the humof the tires on theroad, the drone of the engine, and the
rush of the wind against the vehicle that
can make you sleepy.Don’t let it
happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leavethe road in less than a
second, and you could crash and beinjured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be aware thatit can
happen.
4-29
Then here tire some tips:
0
Make sure your vehicleis well ventilated, witha comfortably cool
interior.
0
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the‘road ahead and to the sides. Check
your mirrors and your instruments frequently.
If you get sleepy, pulloff the road into arest, service, or parking area
and take anap, get some exercise, or both.For safety, treat drowsiness
on the highway as an emergency.
Hill and Mountain Roads
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different
from driving in flat or
rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re planning tothere,
visit
here are some tips that can make your trips safer and more enjoyable. (See
“Off-Road Driving” in theIndex for information about driving off-road.)
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check
all fluid levels andalso the
brakes, tires, cooling system and transmission. These parts can work
hard on mountain roads.
0
Know how to go down hills. The most important thing to know
is this:
let your engine do some of the slowing down. Shift to a lower
gear
when you go down a steepor long hill.
4-30
0
Know how togo uphill. You may want to shift down to a lower gear.
The lower gears help cool your engine and
transmission, and you can
climb thehill better.
0
Stay inyour own lane when drivingon two-lane roads in hills or
mountains. Don’t swing wideor cut across the centerof the road. Drive
at speeds that let you stay in yourown lane.
0
As you go over the topof a hill, be alert. There could be something in
your lane, like a stalled caror an accident.
0
You may see highwaysigns on mountains thatwarn of special
problems. Examples are long grades, passing or no-passing zones, a
falling rocks area, or winding roads. Be alert to these and take
appropriate action.
4-31
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
Have your vehicle in good shape for winter. Be sure your engine
coolant mix is correct.
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in your vehicle.
Include anice scraper, a small brush or broom,
a supply of windshield
washer fluid, a rag, some winter outerclothing, a small shovel, a flashlight,
a red cloth, and a couple of reflective warning triangles.And, if you will be
driving under severeconditions, include a small bagof sand, a piece of old
carpet or a couple of burlap bags to help provide traction.
Be sure you
properly secure these itemsin your vehicle.
Driving on Snowor Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the road probably have
good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires androad,
the you can
have a very slippery situation.You’ll have a lot less traction or “grip”and
will need to be verycareful.
4-32
What’s the worst timefor this? “Wet ice.”Very cold snow or ice canbe
slick and hard todrive on. But wet ice can be even more trouble because it
may offer the least traction of all. You can get “wet ice” when it’s about
freezing (32°F; 0°C) and freezing rain begins to
fall. Try to avoid driving
on wetice until salt and sand crews can getthere.
Whatever the condition - smooth ice, packed, blowing or loose snowdrive with caution.
Accelerate gently. Try not to break the
fragile traction. If you accelerate too
fast, the dkve wheels will spin and polish the
surface under the tires even
more.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your abilityto make a hard stop ona
slippery road. Even though you have an anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry pavement.
See
“Anti-Lock” in the Index.
Allow greater following distance on any slippery road.
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine until you hit a spot
that’s covered withice. On an otherwise clearroad, ice patchesmay
appear in shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around clumps
of
trees, behind buildings, or under bridges. Sometimes the surfaceof a
curve or an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding roads are
clear. If you see a patch of ice aheadof you, brake beforeyou are on it.
Try not to brake while you’re actually on the
ice, and avoid sudden
steering maneuvers.
4-33
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be ina serious situation. You
should probably stay with your vehicle unlessyou know for sure that you
are near help and you canhike through the snow. Here are some things to
do
to summon help and keep yourself and your passengers safe: Turn
on your
hazard flashers. Tie a red cloth
to your vehicle to alert police that you’ve
been stoppedby the snow. Puton extra clothing or wrapa blanket around
you. If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body insulators from
newspapers, burlap bags, rags,floor mats - anything you can wrap around
vourself or tuck under your clothingto keep warm.
IOU
can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
4-34
Run your engine only as long asyou must. This saves fuel. When you run
the engine, make itgo a little faster thanjust idle. That is, push the
accelerator slightly.This uses less fuel forthe heat that you get and it keeps
the battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to restart the
vehicle, and possiblyfor signaling later on with your headlights. Let the
heater run for awhile.
Then, shut the engine off and close the windowalmost all the way to
preserve the heat. Start theengine again and repeat this only when
you feel
really uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve
the fuel as long as you can. To help keepwarm, you can get outof the
vehicle anddo some fairly vigorous exercises every half houror so until
help comes.
Power Winches
If you wish to usea power winch onyour vehicle, only use it when your
vehicle is stationary oranchored.
NOTICE:
Operating a power winch with an automatic transmission in
PARK (P) or a manual transmission in gear may damage the
transmission. Always put the transmission in a Neutral position
while operating a power winch.
Use the regularbrakes, set the parking brakeor block the wheelsto keep
your vehiclefrom rolling.
If your vehicleis equipped with an airbag, see "Adding Equipment to Your
Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle" in theIndex.
4-35
I
Recreational Vehicle Towing (Four- Wheel
Drive Only)
If your vehicle has four-wheeldrive, you may towit behind another vehicle
providing it does not have the optional electronic shift transfer case
or
all-wheel drive. Do not tow the vehicle by the rear bumper bar.
NOTICE:
Recreational vehicle towing is not recommended for vehicles
with the optional electronic shift transfer case or all-wheel drive
because the transfer cases have
no neutral position.
Before towing, you should:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Place the automatic transmissionin PARK (P) or the manual
transmission in the lowest gear (FIRST).
3. Firmly attach the vehicle being towed to the tow vehicle. Refer
to the
hitch manufacturer’s instructions.
4. Place the transfer case shift lever in NEUTRAL (N).
NOTICE:
Removal of either propeller shaftis unnecessary.
~~
~~
1. Release the parking brake only after the vehicle being towed is firmly
attached to the tow vehicle.
4-36
2. Insert the ignitionkey into the ignition switch and turn
it one notch
forward of the LOCK position. This places the keyinto the OFF
position, which unlocks the steering column while preventing battery
drain. Unlocking the steeringcolumn will allow for proper movement
of the front wheeldtires during towing.
I NOTICE:
I You should exercise extra care whenever towing another vehicle.
Loading Your Vehicle
The CertificationEire label also tells you the maximum weightsfor the
front and rear axles, called Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). To find out
the actual loads on your
front and rearaxles, you need togo to a weigh
station and weigh your vehicle.
Your dealer can help you with this. Be sure
to spread out your load equally on both sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR) for either the front or rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you shouldspread it out.
Similar appearing vehicles may have different GVWR’s and Payloads.
Please note theCertificationEire label of your truckor consult your dealer
for additional details.
4-37
Using heavier suspension componentsto get added durability mightnot
change your weight ratings.Ask your dealer to helpyou load your vehicle
the right way.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or components that fail
because of overloading.
If you put things inside your vehicle- like suitcases, tools, packages,or
anything else -they will go as fast as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop
or turn quickly, or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
There‘s also important loading information foroff-road driving in this
manual. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in theIndex.
4-38
Payload
The Payload Capacity is shown on theCertificatiodTire label. This is the
maximum load capacity thatyour vehicle can carry. Be sure to include the
weight of the people inside as partof your load. If you added any
accessories or equipment after your vehicle left the factory, remember to
subtract the weight of these things from the payload.
Your dealer can help
you withthis.
Trailering Package
If your vehicle comes with the TraileringPackage, there is alsoa load rating
which includes the weightof the vehicleand the trailer ittows. This rating
is called theGross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR).
When you weighyour trailer, be sure to include
the weight of everything
you put in it. And, remember to figure the weightof the people inside as
part of your load.
Your dealer can helpyou determine your GCWR.
Add-on Equipment
When you carryremovable items, you may need to put a limit onhow many
people you carry inside your vehicle.Be sure to weigh your vehicle before
you buy and install the new equipment.
NOTICE:
Your warranty doesn’t cover parts or components that
fail
because of overloading.
4-39
Towing a Trailer
NOTICE:
Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your vehicle and result
in costly repairs not covered
by your warranty.To pull a trailer
correctly, follow the advice in this part, and seeGM
your
dealer
for important information about towing
a trailer with your
vehicle.
Most vehiclesare ready for some trailer towing.If yours was built with
trailering options, as many are, it’s ready for heavier trailers. But trailering
is different thanjust driving your vehicleby itself. Trailering means changes
in handling, durability, and
fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes
correct equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many time-tested, important
trailering tips and safety rules. Many
of these are important for your safety
and thatof your passengers.So please read this section carefully before you
pull a trailer.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points.
0
There are many different laws, including speed limit restrictions,
having to do with trailering. Make sure your rig will
be legal, not only
where youlive but also where you’ll bedriving. A good sourcefor this
information canbe state or provincial police.
0
Consider using a sway controlif your trailer will weigh2,000 pounds
(900 kg) or less. You should always use a sway control
if your trailer
will weigh more than2,000 pounds (900 kg). You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
4-40
e Don’t tow a trailer at allduring the first 500 miles (800 km) your new
vehicle is driven. Your engine, axle or other parts couldbe damaged.
0
Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you towa trailer, don’t
drive over 50 mph (80 k d h ) and don’t make startsat full throttle. This
helps yourengine and other partsof your vehiclewear in at the heavier
loads,
e If you have an automatic transmission, you should useDRIVE (D) (or,
as you need to, a lower gear) when towing a trailer. Operating your
vehicle in DRIVE (D) when towing
a trailer will minimize heat
build-up and extend the life of your transmission.If you have a manual
transmission and you aretowing a trailer, it’s better not to use FIFTH
( 5 ) gear. Just drive in FOURTH (4) gear (or, as you need to, a lower
gear).
Three important considerations have todo with weight:
Weight of the Traikr
How heavy can a trailer safelybe?
It depends on how you plan to use yourrig. For example, speed, altitude,
road grades, outside temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull
a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any specialequipment
that you have onyour vehicle.
You can ask your dealerfor our trailering information or advice, or you can
write us at the address listedin your Warranty andOwner Assistance
Information booklet.
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8W
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer isan important weight to measure
because it affects the total or gross weight
of your vehicle.The gross vehicle
weight (GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may
carry in it, and the people who will be riding inthe vehicle. And if you will
tow a trailer, you must add thetongue load tothe GVW because your
vehicle willbe carrying that weight,too. See “Loading Your Vehicle”in the
Index for more information about your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
4-41
A
B
If you’re using a “dead-weight” hitch, the trailer tongue(A) should weigh
10% of the total loaded trailer weight
(B). If you have a
“weight-distributing” hitch, the trailer tongue(A) should weigh 12% of the
total loaded trailer weight(B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and then the tongue,
separately, tosee if the weights are proper.If they aren’t, you may be able to
get them right simplyby moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflatedto the limitfor cold tires. You’ll find
these numbers on the Certification labelon the driver’sdoor lock pillaror
see “Tire Loading” in the Index. Then be sure you don’tgo over theGVW
limit for your vehicle, including the weightof the trailer tongue.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitchequipment. Crosswinds, large trucks
going by, and rough roads arefew
a reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.
Here are some rules to follow:
0
If you’ll be pulling a trailerthat, when loaded, will weigh more than
2,000 pounds (900 kg), be sure to use a properly
mounted,
weight-distributing hitch and sway control
of the proper size. This
equipment is very important for proper vehicle loadingand good
handling when you’re driving.
0
Will you have to make any holes in the body
of your vehicle when you
install a trailer hitch?If you do, then be sure to seal the holes later
when you remove the hitch. If you don’t seal
them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO)from your exhaust can get into your vehicle (see
“Carbon Monoxide” in the Index). Dirt and water
can, too.
4-42
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle and your trailer.
Cross the safetychains under the tongue of the trailerso that the tongue will
not drop to the road if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch manufactureror by the
trailer manufacturer. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation
for
attaching safety chains and do not attach themto the bumper. Always leave
just enough slack so you can turn with yourrig. And, never allow safety
chains to drag on theground.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than1,000 pounds (450 kg) loaded, then it needs
its own brakes - and they mustbe adequate. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions for the trailer brakesso you’ll be able to install, adjust and
maintain them properly.
Your trailer brakes system can tap into vehicle’s hydraulic brake system
except:
Don’t tap into your vehicle’s brake system if the trailer’s brake system will
use more than0.02 cubic inch ( 0 . 3 ~ of
~ )fluid from your vehicle’s master
cylinder. If it does, both braking systems won’t workwell. You could even
lose yourbrakes.
Will the trailer parts take3,000 psi (20 650 kPa) of pressure? Ifnot, the
trailer brake system must not be used with your vehicle.
If everything checks out this far, then make the brake fluidtap at the port on
the mastercylinder that sends fluid to the rear brakes. But don’t
use copper
tubing for this. If you do, itwill bend and finally breakoff. Use steel brake
tubing.
4-43
Driving with a Trailer
lowing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience. Before setting
out
for the openroad, you’ll want to get to know yourrig. Acquaint yourself
with the feel of handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer.
And always keep in mind that the vehicle youare driving is now a good
deal longer and not nearlyas responsive as your vehicle isby itself.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform (and attachments),
safety chains, electrical connector, lights, tires and mirror adjustment.
If the
trailer has electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and then
apply the trailer brake controller by hand be
to sure the brakesare working.
This lets you check your electrical connection
at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the load
is secure, and
that the lights and any trailer brakes are
still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle aheadas you would when
driving your vehicle withouta trailer. This can help you avoid situations that
require heavy braking and sudden turns.
4-44
Passing
You’ll need more passingdistance up ahead when you’re towing a trailer.
And, because you’re a good deal longer, you’ll need togo much farther
beyond the passed vehicle before
you can return to yourlane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one
hand. Then, to move the
trailer to theleft, just move that hand to theleft. To move the trailer to the
right, move your hand to theright. Always back up slowlyand, if possible,
have someone guide you.
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could cause the trailer
to come in contact with the vehicle. Your vehicle could be
damaged. Avoid making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this
so your trailer won’t strike soft
shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees, or other
objects. Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal wellin advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you towa trailer, your vehicle has to
have extra wiring anda
heavy-duty turn signal flasher (includedin the optional trailering package).
The green arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever you signal
a
turn or lanechange. Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will alsoflash,
telling other drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes orstop.
When towing a trailer, the greenarrows on your instrument panel will flash
for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer are burnedout. Thus, you may think
drivers behind you are seeing your signal when theyare not. It’s important
to check occasionally to besure the trailer bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start down a long or steep
downgrade. If you don’t shiftdown, you might have to use your brakesso
much that they would get hot
and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your speed to around45 mph
(70 W h ) to reduce the possibilityof engine and transmission overheating.
4-45
When towing at high altitudeon steep uphill grades, consider the following:
Engine coolant will boil at a lower temperature than at normal altitudes.
If
you turn your engineoff immediately after towing at high altitude on steep
uphill grades, your vehicle may show signs similar
to engine overheating.
To avoid this, let the engine run while parked (preferably on level ground)
with the automatic transmission in PARK(P) (or the manual transmission
out of gear and the parking brake applied) for a few minutes before turning
the engine off. Ifyou do get the overheat warning, see “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
Parking on Hills
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer attached, onhill.
a If
something goes wrong, your rig could startto move. People canbe injured,
and both your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged.
But if you ever haveto park your rig on ahill, here’s how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into PARK(P) yet, or into
gear for a manual transmission. Then turn your wheels into the curb if
facing downhillor into traffic if facing uphill.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the regular brakes until the
chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking brake, and then
shift into PARK (P), or REVERSE(R) for a manual transmission.
5. If you have a four-wheel-drive vehicle with a manual transfer case
shift lever, be surethe transfer case is in a drive gear
- not in
NEUTRAL (N).
6. Release the parking brake.
4-46
When You Are Ready to Leave After Parking on a Hi
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down while you:
Start your engine;
0
Shift into a gear; and
Release the parking brake.
2 . Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer isclear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pickup and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will needservice more often when you’re pullinga trailer. See
the Maintenance Schedule for more on this. Things thatare especially
important in trailer operation are automatic transmission fluid (don’t
overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, belt, cooling system, and brake
adjustment. Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index will help
you find them quickly.If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to review these
sections before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts andbolts are tight.
Trailer Lighting Systems Wiring
See “Trailer Wiring Harness” in the
Index.
4-47
Nofes
4-48
Problems on the Road
Section
Here you’ll find what todo about some problems that canoccur on the road.
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning
flashers let you warn
others. They also let
police know you have
a problem. Your front
and rear turn signal
lights will flash on
and off.
5-1
Push the button on top
i of the steering column
all the way down to
make your front and
’ rear turn signal lights
flash on and off. Your
hazard warning
flashers work no
matter what position
your key is in, and
even if the key isn’t
in.
,
To turn off the flashers, push the button until the first click and release.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn signals won’t work.
The
flashers will stop if you step on the brake.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles,you can set one up at the side of the road
about 300 feet (100 m)behind your vehicle.
5-2
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to useanother vehicle and some
jumper cables to start your vehicle. But please follow the steps below
to do
it safely.
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result
in costly damage to your
vehicle that wouldn’t be coveredby your warranty.
Trying tostart your vehicle by pushing or pulling could
it
damage yourvehicle, even if you have a manual transmission.
And if you have an automatic transmission, won’t
it
start that
way.
To Jump Start YourVehicle:
1. Check the other vehicle.It must have a 12-volt battery with a negative
ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’ta 12-volt system witha negative
ground, bothvehicles can be damaged.
2 . Get the vehicles closeenough so the jumper cables can reach, but be
sure the vehicles aren’ttouching each other. If they are, it could cause a
ground connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to start your
vehicle, and the bad grounding could damage the electrical systems.
5-3
You could be injured if the vehiclesroll. Set the parking brake firmly
on each vehicle. Put anautomatic transmission inPARK (P) or a
manual transmission in NEUTRAL(N). If you have a
four-wheel-drive vehicle witha manual transfercase shift lever,be
sure the transfer caseis not in NEUTRAL(N).
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Turnoff all lights that aren’t
needed, and radios.This will avoid sparks and help save both batteries
And it could save your radio!
NOTICE:
If you leave your radioon, it could be badly damaged. The
repair wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
~~
4. Open both hoods and locate the batteries. Find the positive
(+) and
negative (-) terminals on each battery.
5. Check that thejumper cables don’t have loose or missing insulation.
If
they do, you could geta shock. The vehicles couldbe damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic things you
should
know. Positive (+) will go to positive (+) and negative (-) will go to
negative (-) or a metal engine part. Don’tconnect (+) to (-) or you’ll
get a short that woulddamage the battery and maybe other
parts too.
5-4
6 . Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive(+) terminal of the
vehicle with the dead battery.
Dead Battery (+)
Good Battery (+)
7. Don’t let the other end touch metal. Connect it to the positive
(+)
terminal of the good battery.
8. Now connect the black negative(-) cable to the good battery’s negative
(-) terminal.
Don’t letthe other end touch anything until the next
step. The other end
of the negative cable doesn’tgo to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy
unpainted metal art on the engine of the vehicle with thedead battery.
5-5
Heavy Metal Engine Part
Good Battery (-)
9. Attach the cable at least 18 inches(45 cm) away from the dead battery,
but not near engine parts that move.
The electrical connection is just as
good there, but the chance of sparks getting back to the battery
is much
less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run the enginefor a
while.
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.If it won’t start after a few
tries make sure all connections are good.
If it still won’t start, it
probably needs service.
12. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent electrical shorting. Take
care that they don’t touch each other
or any other metal.
Remove Cables In This Order:
2
3
1. HeavyMetal
Engine Part
2. Good Battery (-)
3. Good Battery (+)
4. Dead Battery (+)
5-6
Towing Your Vehicle
Try to have a GM dealer or a professional towing service tow your vehicle.
They can provide the rightequipment and know howto tow it without
damage.
If your vehicle has been changed
since it was factory-new byadding things
like fog lamps,aero skirting, or special tires and wheels, these things could
be damaged duringtowing.
Before youdo anything, turn on the hazard warningflashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
Whether your vehicle has rear-wheel drive, four-wheel drive or
all-wheel drive.
The make, model, and year of your vehicle.
Whether you can move the shift
lever for the transmission and shift the
transfer case, if you have one.
If there was anaccident, what was damaged.
5-7
When your vehicle is beingtowed, have the ignition keyoff. The steering
wheel should be clamped in a straight-ahead position withclamping
a
device designed for towing service. Do not use the vehicle’s steering
column lock for this. The transmission (eitherautomatic or manual) should
be in NEUTRAL (N) and the transfer case (either manual shift or electronic
shift), if you have one, should be in 2HI. The parking brake should be
released.
Don’t have your vehicle towedon the rear wheels, unless you have to.If the
velucle must be towedon the rearwheels, don’t go more than 35 mph (56
M h ) or farther than50 miles (80 km) or your transmission will be
damaged. If these limits must be
exceeded, then the rear drive wheels have
to be supported on a dolly.
Don’t have your vehicle towed withthe wheels in contact with the ground
if
it has all-wheel drive. If your vehicle has the all-wheel-driveoption, it can
only be towed with all
four wheels off theground. If the vehicle must be
towed with wheel lift
equipment, then either the front or rear wheels must
be supported on a dollyor the vehicle mustbe transported on a flatbed
carrier.
5-8
Towing From the Front (Except
All- Wheel-Drive)
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipment or the front bumper
system will be damaged.
Use wheel lift or car-carrier equipment.
Additional ramping may be required for car-carrier equipment.
Use safety chains and wheel straps.
If your vehicle has thefour-wheel drive option,a dolly MUST
be used under the rearwheels when towingfrom the front.
5-9
Towing From the Rear (Except
A//' Wheel-Drive)
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipment or the rear bumper
system will be damaged.
Use wheel lift or car-carrier equipment.
Additional rampingmay be required for car-carrier equipment.
Use safety chainsand wheel straps.
If your vehicle has thefour-wheel drive option, adolly MUST
be usedunder the frontwheels when towing from the rear.
5-10
Towing From theFront (All- Wheel-Drive)
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipment or the front bumper
system will be damaged.
Use wheel lift or car-carrier equipment.
Additional ramping maybe required for car-carrier equipment.
Use safety chainsand wheel straps.
If your vehicle has the all-wheel-drive option, a dolly
MUST be
used under the rearwheels when towingfrom the front.
5-11
Towing From the Rear (All- Wheel-Drive)
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipment or the rear bumper
system will be damaged.
Use wheel lift or car-carrier equipment.
Additional rampingmay be required for car-carrier equipment.
Use safety chainsand wheel straps.
If your vehicle has the all-wheel-drive option, adolly MUST be
used under the frontwheels when towing from the rear.
5-12
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage on your vehicle’s instrument
panel.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because you keep driving with no
coolant, your vehicle can be badly damaged. The costly repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
5-13
If No Steam IS Coming From Your Engine
If you get the overheat warning but see
or hear no steam, the problem may
not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get little
a too hot when you:
0
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
0
Stop after high speed driving.
0
Idle for long periods in traffic.
e Tow a trailer. See "Driving on Grades" in the Index.
If YOU get the overheat warning withno sign of steam, try this for a minute
or so:
1. Turn off your air conditioner.
2. Turn on your heater tofull hot at the highest fan speed and open the
window as necessary.
3. If you're in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL(N); otherwise, shift to the
highest gear while driving- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@)or
DRIVE (D) for automatic transmissions.
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can drive. Justbetosafe,
drive slower for about ten minutes.
If the warning doesn't come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your vehicle right away.
If there's still no sign of steam, pushthe accelerator until the engine speed is
about twiceas fast as normal idle speed. Bring the engine speed back to
normal idle speed after twoor three minutes. Nowsee if the warning stops.
But then, if you still have the warning,
turn oflthe engine and get everyone
out of the vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not tolift the hood butto get service help right away.
When you decide it's
safe to lift the hood,
here's what you'll see:
A. Coolant recovery
tank
ici
B. Radiator pressure
cap
C. Engine fan
5-14
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling, don’t
do anything
else until it cools down.
The coolant level should beat the ADD mark. If it isn’t, you may have a
leak in the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water
pump or somewhere
else in the cooling system.
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine without coolant isn’t
covered by your warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, start theengine again. See if the fan speed
increases when idle speed is doubled by pushing the accelerator pedal down.
If it doesn’t, your vehicle needs service. Turn
off the engine.
5-15
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Recovery Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level isn’t
ADD,
at add a
50/50 mixture of clean water (preferably distilled) and a proper antifreeze at
the coolant recovery tank.(See “Engine Coolant’’ in the Index
for more
information
proper
coolant
the
about
mix.)
.
NOTICE:
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the engine, radiator,
heater core and other parts. Use the recommended coolant.
1
5-16
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tankis at ADD, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’sone more thing you can try. You
can add the proper coolant mix directly to the radiator but
be sure the
cooling system is cool before youdo it.
5-17
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
1. You can remove the radiator pressurecap when the coolingsystem,
including the radiator pressurecap and upper radiatorhose, is no longer
hot. Turn the pressurecap slowly to the left until it first
stops. (Don't
press down while turning the pressure
cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for thatto stop. A hiss means there is still some
pressure left.
as you turnit.
Remove the
pressure cap.
..
"
5-18
1
3. Fill the radiator
with the proper
mix, up to the
base of the filler
neck.
4. Then fill the
coolant recovery
tank to the ADD
mark.
5. Put the cap back
on the coolant
recovery tank,
but leave the
radiator pressure
cap off.
5-19
6. Start the engine
and let it run until
you can feel'the
upper radiator
hose getting hot.
Watch out for the
engine fan.
1
7. By this time the coolant level inside the filler neck may be lower.
If the
level is lower, add more of the proper mix through the filler neck until
the level reaches the base of the filler neck.
8. Then replace the
pressure cap. At
any time during
this procedure if
coolant begins to
flow out of the
filler neck,
reinstall the
pressure cap. Be
sure the arrows
on the pressure
cap line up like
this.
Engine Fan Noise
This vehicle has a clutched engine cooling fan. When the clutch is engaged,
the fan spins faster to provide more air to cool the engine. In most every day
driving conditions the clutchis not engaged. This improvesfuel economy
and reduces fan noise. Under heavy vehicle loading, trailer towing and/or
high outside temperatures, the fan speed increases whenthe clutch engages.
So you may hear an increase in fan noise. This is normal and should not be
mistaken as the transmission slipping or making extra shifts. It is merely the
cooling system functioning properly.The fan will slow down when
additional cooling is not required andthe clutch disengages.
You may also hear this fan noise when
you start the engine. Itwill go away
as the fan clutch disengages.
5-20
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving, especially if you
maintain your tires properly.If air goes out of a tire, it’s much more likely to
leak out slowly. Butif you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few tips
about what toexpect and whatto do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire willcreate a drag that pulls the vehicle
toward that side. Take your footoff the accelerator pedal andgrip the
steering wheel firmly. Steer to maintain lane position, then gently brake
to a
stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much likea skid and may
require the same correction you’d use ainskid. In any rearblowout, remove
your foot from the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control
by
steering the way you want the vehicle togo. It may be very bumpy and
noisy, but you canstill steer. Gently braketo a stop, well off the road if
possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use yourjacking equipment to
change a flat tire safely.
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a
level place. Turn on your hazard warningflashers.
5-21
A. Flat Tire
B . Blocked Tire
t
The following steps willtell you how to usethe jack and changea tire.
Your vehicle is equipped with work gloves and
a plastic ground mat to assist
in the changingof a flat tire.
Jacking Equipment Storage
The jacking equipment you’ll needis stored along the driver’s rear wall. In
some cases, you may have to remove the spare tire in order to reach the
jack.
To remove yourjack
cover, pullup on the
latch. Pull the wheel
blocks, jack and wheel
wrench off.
5-22
Jacking Equipment
rA
A. Retainer
E Wheel Blocks
B. Rubber Band
G. Hub Cap Removal Tool (Some
models)
H. Wheel Wrench
I. Jack
J. Jacking Instructions
C. Work Gloves
D. Mat
E. Jack Storage Cover
Spare Tire
Your spare tire isin your vehicle's rear area,either mounted inside to the
driver's wall or outside to the endgate, stowed
or
under the vehicle.
If you have an inside-mounted spare tire, the tire mustbe removed in order
to have access to thejack storage.
To Remove the Inside-Mounted Spare Tire
Reach into your tire's
cover and unscrew the
wingnut at the center
of the wheel. Remove
it and the retainer.
Unhook the tire from
the mounting bracket
and remove the cover.
5-23
To Remove the Rear-Mounted Spare Tire
Make sure the carrierarm is fully latched to the endgate. Remove the tire's
cover.
The locking wheel nut
can be removed by
snapping the rubber
weather cover off the
face of the lock case.
Insert the key and pull
the lock case straight
off. It is not necessary
to turn the key.
The wheel wrenchcan then be used to remove the lug nut.
Use the socket endof
your wheel wrench to
remove the wheel nuts
"\ that secure the tireto
the carrier.Then, lift
the tireoff its
mounting bracket.
5-24
To Remove the Underbody-Mounted SpareTire (&Door Only)
NOTICE:
Never remove or restow a tire
frodto a stowage position under
the vehicle while the vehicle
is supported by ajack. Always
tighten the tire fully against the underside
of the vehicle when
restowing.
Insert the chisel endof
the wheel wrench, on
an angle, into the hole
in the rear bumper.Be
sure the chisel endof
the wheel wrench
connects into the hoist
shaft.
i
5-25
Turn the wheel
wrench
counterclockwiseto
lower the sparetire.
Keep turning the
wheel wrench until the
spare tirecan be
pulled out from under
the vehicle.
When the tire has
been completely
lowered, tilt the
retainer at the endof
the cable and pull it
through the wheel
opening. Pull the tire
out from under the
vehicle.
NOTICE:
To help avoid vehicle damage, do not drive vehicle before cable
is restored.
~~~
~
~~~
~
Inside-Mounted Spare Tire (%Door Standard)
A. Spare Tire
B . Retainer
(Two-wheel
drive)
C. Nut
D. Cover
E. Retainer
(Four-wheel
drive)
F. Wheel Carrier
5-26
Rear-Mounted Spare Tire (%Door Optional)
A. Wheel Carrier
B. Spare Tire
C. Wheel Nut and
Locking Nut
Cylinder
Underbody-Mounted Spare Tire (&Door Standard)
A. Retainer
B . Valve Stem
(Pointed Down)
C. Spare Tire
D.
E.
F.
G.
Spring
Wheel Wrench
Lower
Raise
H. Hoist Asm
Changing the Tire
Start with thejacking equipment. See “Jacking Equipment Storage” earlier
in this section.
5-27
Turn the jackhandle
clockwise. That will
raise the jack lifthead
a little.
Hub Caps and Wheel Nut Caps
You will have to take off hub caps or wheel nut caps
to reach your wheel
nuts.
If you have individual
wheel nut caps that
cover each nut, they
must be removedin
order to get the wheel
nuts. Use the socket
end of the wheel
wrench to remove the
wheel nutcaps.
5-28
Your wheel nut caps may attach your hubcap to the wheel. Remove rhese
wheel nut caps before you takeoff the hub cap.
Some jack storage
covers are equipped
with a hubcap
removal tool. Position
the hub cap removal
tool in the notch and
pull straight away
from the wheel to
avoid potential
damage to the hubcap
and wheel painuwheel
surface.
If you have an aluminumor plastic molded hub cap, pryit off with the
chisel end of your wheel wrench.
Some of the molded
plastic hub caps have
imitation wheel nuts
molded into them. The
wheel wrench won’t
fit these imitation
nuts, so don’t try to
remove them with the
socket endof the
wheel wrench.
5-29
Using the wheel
wrench, loosenall the
wheel nuts. Don’t
remove them yet.
Do not jack up the vehicle with peoplein or near the vehicle.
Position thejack under the vehicle.
A. Front Frame Hole
B . Rear Frame Hole
each front wheel, as well as a hole
Your vehicle has a hole in the frame near
in the spring hanger (for4-door) and a hole in theframe (for 24oor) near
each rear wheelfor the jack. Fit thejack into the hole nearest
the flat tire.
5-30
NOTICE:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly positioned will
damage the vehicle or may allow the vehicle tooff
fall
the jack.
Be sure tofit the jack lift head into the proper location before
raising your vehicle.
Raise the vehicleby
turning the wheel
A Mwench clockwise.
Raise the vehicle far
enough off the ground
so there is enough
room for the spare tire
to fit.
5-31
Take off the flat tire.
f,
:
i
I
Remove any rust or dirt from the wheel bolts, mounting surfacesand spare
wheel. Place the spareon the wheel mounting surface.
Put on the spare tire.
5-32
Put the nuts on by
hand. Make sure the
cone-shaped end is
toward the wheel.
Tighten eachnut by hand until the wheel
is held against the hub.
If a nut
can’t be turnedby hand, use the wheel wrench and see your dealer as soo
as possible.
Lower the vehicleby
turning the wheel
wrench
counterclockwise.
Lower thejack
completely.
5-33
Tightening Sequence
Tightening Wheel Nut
Use the wrench to tightenthe wheel nuts firmly ina criss-cross sequence as
shown. Remove the wheel blocks.
Storing theJack and Spare Tire
Return the jack, wheel wrench and wheel blocks to the proper location
in
your vehicle’s reararea. Secure the items and replace the
jack cover. Put the
flat tire where the spare tire was stored.
If you have the underbody carrier:
1. Put the tire on the ground at the rear
of the vehicle, with the valve
stem
pointed down and tothe rear.
2. Pull the retaining bar throughthe wheel.
3. Put the chisel endof the wheel wrench, on an angle, through the hole in
the rear bumper and into the hoist
shaft. Turn the wheel wrench
clockwise until the tire is raised against the
underside of the vehicle.
You will hear two “clicks” whenthe tire issecure, but pullon the tireto
make sure.
5-34
Reinstall the locking wheelnut using the wheelwrench. Then push the lock
case onto the lug nutuntil it stops. The key does not haveto be inserted into
the lock. Push the lock case to be sureisitsecured.
The special lug nut and lock case is not
intended to be used on any road
wheel, only on the spare wheel carrier.
If you have an rear-mounted spare tire carrier, tighten the nuts to22 - 32 lb.
ft. (30 - 40 N-m) torque.
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
What you don’t want todo when your vehicle is stuck is to spin your whee
too fast. The method known as“rocking” can help you get out when you’re
stuck, but you must use caution.
5-35
NOTICE:
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your vehicle as well as
the tires. Ifyou spin the wheels too fast while shifting your
transmission back and forth, you can destroy your transmission.
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains”
in the Index.
Rocking your vehicle to get it out:
First, turn your steering wheel left and right.
That will clear the area around
your front wheels. Then shift back and forth between REVERSE (R) and a
forward gear (or with a manual transmission, between FIRST(1) or
SECOND (2) gear and REVERSE), spinning the wheels
as little as possible.
Release the accelerator pedal while you
shift, and press lightlyon the
accelerator pedal when the transmission is in gear.
If that doesn’t get you
out aftera few tries,you may need to be towedout. Or, you can use your
recovery hooks, if your vehicle has them. If youdo need to be towedout,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Using the Recovery Hooks
I
Your vehicle may be equipped with recovery hooks. The recovery hooks
are
provided at the frontof your vehicle. You may need to use them if you’re
stuck off-road and need to be pulled to some place where you can continue
driving.
5-36
I NOTICE:
Never use the recovery hooks to tow the vehicle.
Your vehicle
could be damaged and it would not be covered by warranty.
5-37
Notes
5-38
Service & Appearance Care
Section
Here you will find information about the
care of your vehicle. This section
begins with service andfuel infomation, and then itshows how to check
important fluid and lubricant levels. There
is also technical information
about yourvehicle, and a part devoted toits appearance care.
Service
Your GM dealerknows your vehicle best and wants
you to be happy withit.
We hope you’llgo to your dealerfor all your service needs. You’ll
get
genuine GM parts and GM-trained and supported service
people.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle
all GM. Genuine GM parts
have one of these marks:
6-1
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll want to get the
proper GM Service Manual. Ittells you much more about howto service
your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual,
see
“Service Publications” in the Index.
You should keepa record with all parts receipts and list the mileage and the
date of any service workyou perform. See “Maintenance Record”in the
Index.
I NOTICE:
If you try to do your own service work without knowing enough
about it, your vehicle could be damaged.
Fuel
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated 87
at octane or higher. Use premium
unleaded gasoline ratedat 91 octane or higher for high power performance,
when towinga trailer or witha high payload requirement. But when
operating with a light load asa normal condition,you may use middle grade
or regular unleaded gasolines.
6-2
0
The gasoline you useshould meet specifications ASTMD4814 in the
United States and CGSB 3.5-92 in Canada. These fuels should have the
proper additives, so you should not have to add anythingto the fuel.
In theUnited States and Canada, it’s easy to be sure you get the right kind
of gasoline (unleaded).You’ll see UNLEADED right on the pump. And
only unleaded nozzles willfit into your vehicle’sfiller neck.
Be sure the postedoctane is at least 91 for premium, 89 for middle grade
and 87-forregular. If the octane is less than 87, you may geta heavy
knocking noise when youdrive. If it’s badenough, it can damage your
engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at91 octane or higher and you still hear heavy
knocking, your engine needs service. But don’t worry if you hear a little
pinging noise when you’re accelerating or driving upa hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have to buy a higher
octane fuel to get ridof it. It’s the heavy,
constant knock that means you have problem.
a
What about gasoline with blending materials that contain oxygen
(oxygenates), such as MTBE or alcohol?
MTBE is “methyl tertiary-butyl ether.” Fuel that is no more than
15%
MTBE is fine for your vehicle.
Ethanol is ethyl or grain alcohol. Properly-blendedfuel that is no more than
10%ethanol is fine for your vehicle.
Methanol is methyl or wood alcohol.
~
NOTICE:
1
Fuel that is more than 5%methanol is bad for your vehicle.
I Don’t use it. It can corrode metalparts’inyour fuel system and
1 also damage plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t be
1 covered under your warranty.And even at 5% or less, there
must be “cosolvents” and corrosion preventers in this fuel to
help avoid these problems.
~
~
6-3
Gasolines for Cleaner Air
Your use of gasoline with deposit control additives will help prevent
deposits from forming in your engine and fuel system. That helps keep your
engine in tune and your emission control system working properly. It’s good
for your vehicle, and you’ll be doing your for
partcleaner air.
Many gasolines are now blended with oxygenates. General Motors
recommends thatyou use gasolines with these blending materials, such
as
MTBE and ethanol.By doing so, you can help clean theair, especially in
those partsof the country that have high carbon monoxide levels.
In addition, some gasoline suppliers arenow producing reformulated
gasolines. These gasolines are specially designed
to reduce vehicle
emissions. General Motors recommends that
you use reformulated gasoline.
By doing so, you can help clean theair, especially in those parts
of the
country that have high ozone
levels.
You should ask your service station operators
if their gasolines contain
deposit control additives and oxygenates, and
if they have been
reformulated to reduce vehicle emissions.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
U.S. or Canada,
unleaded fuel may be hard tofind. Do not use leadedgasoline. If you use
even onetankful, your emission controls won’t work wellatorall. With
continuous use, spark plugs can get
fouled, the exhaust system can
corrode,
and your engineoil can deteriorate quickly.Your vehicle’s oxygen sensor
will be damaged. Allof that means costly repairs that wouldn’t be covered
by your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, askan auto club, or contacta major oil
company that does business in the country where you’ll
driving.
be
You can also write us at the following address
for advice. Justtell us where
you’re going and give your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation
North American Export Sales (NAES)
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario
L1H 8P7
6-4
Filling Your Tank
I
1
The fuel cap is behind
a hingeddoor on the
driver’s side of your
vehicle.
While refueling, hang
the cap inside the fuel
door.
I
To take off the cap, turn it slowly to theleft (counterclockwise).
6-5
Be careful notto spill gasoline. Clean gasoline
from painted surfacesas
soon as possible. See “Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle”in theIndex.
.
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right type. Your dealer
can get one for you.
If you get the wrong type,
it may notfit or
have proper venting, and your fuel tank and emissions system
might be damaged.
Checking Things Under the Hood
the
To open
hood, first
pull the handle inside
the vehicle on the
lower driver’s sideof
the instrument panel.
. ..
I
6-6
Then go to the front of
the vehicle and release
the secondary hood
release.
Lift thehood, release
the hood propfrom its
retainer and put the
hood prop into the slot
in the hood. You may
have a light that
comes on when you
lift the hood.
Before closing the
hood, be sure all the
filler caps are on
properly. Then lift the
hood to relieve
pressure on the hood
Prop.
6-7
1
Remove the hood prop
from the slot in the
hood and return the
prop to its retainer.
I
It will latch when dropped
Then just pull the hood down firmly to close.
from 10 - 12 inches (25.5- 30.48 cm) without pressing on the hood.
Engine Oil
It’s a good ideato check your engine oil every time you get fuel. In order to
get an accurate reading, the oil must be warm and the vehicle be
must
on
level ground.
Turn off the engine
and give the oil a few
minutes to drain back
into the oil pan. If you
don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the
actual level.
6-8
To Check Engine Oil
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with
a paper towel orcloth, then push it
back in all the way.Remove it again, keeping the tip down.
When to Add Oil
If the oil is ator below the ADD line, then you’ll needto add some oil. But
you must usethe right kind.This part explains what kindof oil touse. For
crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications” in the Index.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too muchoil. If your engine hasso much oil that the
oil level gets above the cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
The engine oil filler cap is located on the driver’s side
engine valve cover.
Just fill it enough to put the level somewhere in the proper operating range.
Push the dipstick all the way back in when you’re through.
6-9
What Kind of Oil fo Use
Oils of the proper qualityfor your vehicle can be identified
by looking for
the “Starburst” symbol.The “Starburst” symbol indicates that the oil has
been certified by the American Petroleum Institute(API), and is preferred
for use inyour gasoline engine.
If you change your ownoil, be sure you use oil that has the “Starburst”
symbol on the frontof the oil container.If you have your oil changed
for
you, be sure the oil put into yourengine is American Petroleum Institute
certified for gasoline engines.
6- 10
You should also use the proper viscosity oil
for your vehicle, as shown in
the following chart:
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMV AND COLD STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST
SAE VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE.
LOOK
FOR THIS
SYMBOL
HOT
WEATHER
F
C
t 100
+ 38
+ 80
+ 27
+ 60
+ 16
+ 40
+4
+ 20
-7
0
- 18
.
I
SAE 5W-30
PREFERRED
COLD
WEATHER
I
SAE low-30
I
I
IF NEITHER SAE 5W-30 NOR SAE 1OW-30
GRADE OILS ARE AVAILABLE, SAE 30
GRADE MAY BE USED AT TEMPERATURES
ABOVE 40 DEGREES F (4 DEGREES C)
DO NOT USE SAE 1OW-40, SAE 2OW-50 OR
ANY OTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
As shown in thechart, SAE 5W-30 is best for your vehicle. However,you
can use S A E 1OW-30 if it’s going to be 0°F (-18°C)or above. These
numbers on an oil container show its viscosity,or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such asS A E 20W-50.
6-11
I NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum Institute
Certified For Gasoline Engines “Starburst” symbol. Failure to
use the proper oil can result in engine damage not covered by
your warranty.
GM [email protected] (in Canada, GM Engine Oil) meets all the
requirements for your vehicle.
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil.
Your GM dealer is ready to advise
if you
think something should be added.
When to Change Engine Oil
See if any one of these is truefor you:
0
Most trips are less than5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). This is particularly
important when outside temperatures are below freezing.
Most trips include extensive idling (such
as frequent driving in stop and
go traffic).
0
You operate your vehiclein dusty areas or off-road frequently.
0
You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of your vehicle.
If any one of these is truefor your vehicle, then you need to change your
oil
and filter every 3,000 miles (5 000 km)or 3 months - whichever comes
first.
If none of them is true, change the oil and filter every 7,500 miles (12 500
km) or 12 months - whichever comes first.
6-12
Four-wheel Drive Remote Oil Filter
If your vehicle has four-wheeldrive, you will have a remote oil filter. There
is a special access door in the steering linkage shield assembly located und
the radiator support. Twist the screw to lock
or unlock the door.
Engine Coolant Heater
An engine coolant heater canbe a big helpif you have to park outsidein
very cold weather, 0°F (-18 “C) or colder. If your vehicle has thisoption,
see “Engine Coolant Heater” in the Index.
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that usedengine oil contains certainelements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even
cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay
on your skinfor very long. Clean your skin and nails with
soap and water,
or a good hand cleaner.Wash or properly throw away clothing or rags
containing used engine oil. (See the manufacturer’s warnings about the use
and disposal of oil products.)
Used oil can be a real threat to theenvironment. If you change your ownoil,
be sure to drain all free-flowing oil from thefilter before disposal. Don’t
ever dispose of oil by putting it in the trash, pouring it on theground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodiesof water. Instead, recycle it by taking it to
a place that collects usedoil. If you have a problem properly disposingof
your used oil, ask yourdealer, a service station ora local recycling center
for help.
Air Cleaner
To remove the rectangular air cleaner filter for the 4.3L (VIN W) engine,
open bothclamps and pushthe rear of the air cleaner back toward the rear
of the engine compartment to change the filter.
6-13
While reassembling the air cleaner assembly, ensure that theair cleaner
cover tabs are fully inserted into the slots
in the air cleaner housing.On the
4.3L (VIN W) engine, also make certain thatthe PCV air tube is properly
seated in the left hand valve cover.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to redace the air
filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”in the Index.
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner is
off, a backfire can causea damaging engine
fire. And, dirt can easily get into your engine, which will damage
it. Always have the air cleaner in place when you’re driving.
Automatic TransmissionFluid
-When to Checkand Change
A good time to check your automatic transmission fluid level iswhen the
engine oil is changed. Refer to the MaintenanceSchedule to determine
when to change your fluid. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the
Index.
How to Check
Because this operationcan be a littledifficult, you may choose to have this
done at your GM dealership Service
Department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions here,
or you could
get afalse reading on thedipstick.
6- 14
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your transmission.
Too
much can mean thatsome of the fluid could come out and fall
on
hot engine parts or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure
to get an accurate reading if you check your transmission fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before
checking the transmission fluid level if you
have been driving:
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic - especially in hot weather.
0
While pulling a trailer.
To get the rightreading, the fluid should be at normal operating
temperature, which is 180°F to 200°F (82°C to 93°C).
To check transmissionfluid hot: Get the vehicle warmed up
by driving
about 15 miles (24km) when outside temperatures are above 50°F (10°C).
If it's colder than 50°F ( lO"C), drive the vehicle inTHIRD GEAR (D) until
the engine temperature gage moves and thenremains steady for ten minutes.
Then follow the hotcheck procedures.
To check transmissionfluid cold: A cold check is rnaae after the vehicle has
been sitting for eight hours or more with the engine off and is used only asa
reference. Let the engine run at idlefor five minutes if outside temperatures
are 50°F (10°C) or more. If it's colder than 50°F (lO"C),you may have to
idle the engine longer. Shouldthe fluid levelbe low during a cold check,
you must perform a hot check before adding fluid. This will give youa more
accurate reading of the fluid level.
To check the fluid hot
or cold
Park your vehicle on a level place. Keepthe engine running.
0
With the parking brake applied, place the shiftlever in Park (P).
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift lever through each
gear range, pausing for about three seconds in each range. Then,
position the shift lever inPark (P).
Let the engine run at idle for three minutes or more.
6- 15
Then, without shuttingoff the engine, follow these steps:
1. Flip the handle
up and then pull
out the dipstick
and wipeit with a
clean ragor paper
towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and thenit pull
back out
again.
3. Check both sidesof the dipstick, and read the lowerlevel. The fluid
level must be in theCOLD area for a cold checkor in theHOT area or
cross-hatched area for a hotcheck.
4. If the fluid levelis in the acceptablerange, push the dipstick back in all
the way; thenflip the handle downto lock the dipstick in place.
6- 16
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of transmission
fluid to use.See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid
HOT. (A COLD check
is used only as a reference.) If the fluid level is low, add only enoughof the
proper fluid to bring the level up to the
HOT area for a hot check.It doesn’t
take much fluid, generally less than a int. Don ’t overfill. We recommend
you use only fluid labeled DEXRON8-111, because fluid withthat label is
made especially for your automatic transmission. Damage causedby fluid
other than [email protected] not coveredby your new vehicle warranty.
After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as described under “How to
Check.”
0
When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the dipstick back in all
the way; then flip the handle down to lock the dipstick in place.
Manual Transmission Fluid
When to Check
A good time to haveit checked is when the engine oil is changed. However,
the fluid in your manual transmission doesn’t require changing.
How to Check
Because this operation canbe a little difficult, you may choose to have this
done at your GM dealershipService Department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions here,or you could
get a false reading.
I NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your transmission.
Too
much can mean that some
of the fluid could come out and fall on
hot engine parts or exhaust system parts, starting
a fire. Be sure
to get an accurate reading if you check your transmission fluid.
Check the fluid level only when
your engine is off, the vehicle is parked on
a level place and the transmission
is cool enoughfor you to rest your fingers
on the transmission case.
6-17
Then, follow these steps:
1. Remove the filler
Plug2. Check that the
lubricant level is
up to the bottom
of the filler plug
hole.
3. If the fluid level isgood, install the plug and be sure isit fully seated. If
the fluid level is low, add more fluid
as described inthe next steps.
How to Add Fluid
Here’s how to addfluid. Refer to the MaintenanceSchedule to determine
what kindof fluid to use.See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants’’ the
in
Index.
1. Remove the filler plug.
2. Add fluid at the filler plug hole. Add only enough fluid
to bring the
fluid level up to the bottomof the filler plug hole.
3. Install the filler plug.Be sure the plugis fully seated.
Hydraulic Clutch
The hydraulic clutch linkage in your vehicle is self-adjusting.
A slight
amount of play (1/4 inch to 1/2 inch) in the pedal is normal.
6-18
When to Checkand What to Use
Refer to the
Maintenance Schedule
to determine how
often you should
check the fluid level
in your clutchmaster
cylinder reservoir and
for the properfluid.
P
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
How to Check
The proper fluid should be added if the leveldoes not reach the bottomof
the diaphragm when it’s in place in the reservoir. See the instructions on the
reservoir cap.
Rear Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how often to check the
lubricant and when tochange it. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in
the Index.
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below
the bottomof the filler
plug hole, you’ll need
to add some lubricant.
Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the
bottom of the filler
plug hole.
6- 19
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance
Schedule to determine what kind of lubricant to
use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Four- Wheel and All- Wheel Drive
Most lubricant checksin this section also apply to
four-wheel-drive and
all-wheel-drive vehicles. However, they have two additional systems that
need lubrication.
Transfer Case
When io Check Lubricani
Refer to the MaintenanceSchedule to determinehow often to check the
lubricant. See “Periodic Maintenance Inspections”in the Index.
How to Check Lubricani
I
If the level is below
the bottom of the filler
plug hole, you’ll need
to add some lubricant.
Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the
bottom of the filler
plug hole.
What to Use
Refer to the MaintenanceSchedule to determine what kind of lubricant to
use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Front Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determinehow often to check the
lubricant and when tochange it. See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in
the Index.
6-20
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below
the bottom of the filler
plug hole, you’ll need
to add some lubricant.
,:
If the differential is at operating temperature(warm), add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom
of the filler plug hole.
If the differential is cold, add enough lubricant to raise the level to 1/2 inch
(12 mm) below the filler plug hole.
What toUse
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind
of lubricant to
use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”in the Index.
Engine Coolant
The following explains your cooling system and how to add coolant when
it
is low. If you have a problem with engine overheating, see “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
The proper coolant for your vehicle will:
0
Give freezing protection down to-34°F (-37°C).
Give boiling protection up to 262°F (128°C).
0
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as they should.
What to Use
Use a mixtureof one-half clean water (preferably distilled) and one-half
antifreeze that meets “GM Specification6038-M,” which won’t damage
aluminum parts. You can also use a recycled coolant conformingto “GM
Specification 6038-M. Use GM Coolant Supplement (Sealer) with a
complete coolant flush andrefill. If you use this mixture, you don’t need to
add anythingelse.
6-21
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolantmix, your engine could overheat
and be badly damaged. The repair
cost wouldn’t be coveredby
your warranty.Too much waterin the mix can freeze and crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Some conditions, such as air trapped in the cooling
system, can affect the
coolant level in the radiator. Check the coolant level when engine
the is cold
and follow the steps under“Adding Coolant” for the properway to add
coolant.
If you have to add coolant more than
four times a year,have your dealer
check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant,
you don’t have to add extra
inhibitors or additives
which claim to improve the system. These
can be harmful.
6-22
3dding Coolant
k
To Check Coolant
When your engine is cold, the coolant level shouldbe at ADD, or a little
higher. When yourengine is warm, the level should beUP to FULL HOT, Or
a little higher.
To Add Coolant
If you need morecoolant, add theproper mix ut the coolant recoverytank.
Add coolant mix at the recovery tank, but be careful not to spill
it.
6-23
Radiator Pressure Cap
NOTICE:
Your radiator capis a 15 psi (105 kPa) pressure-type cap and
must be tightly installed to prevent coolant loss and possible
engine damage from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap
line up with the overflow tube on the radiator filler neck.
When you replace
your radiator pressure
cap, a GM cap is
recommended. See
“Service Replacement
Part and Filter
Recommendations” in
the Index.
Thermostat
Engine coolant temperature is controlled
by a thermostatin the engine
coolant system.The thermostat stops theflow of coolant through the
radiator untilthe co6lant reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat, [email protected] is recommended.
6-24
Power Steering Fluid
How To Check Power Steering Fluid
When the engine compartment is cool, unscrew thecap and wipe the
dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap and completely tighten
it. Then
remove the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should be at the
FULL COLD mark. Add enough fluid to bring
the level up to the mark.
A fluid loss in this system could indicate
a problem. Have the system
inspected and repaired.
What to Add
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind
of fluid to use.
See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
NOTICE:
When adding power steering fluid or making a complete fluid
change, always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
6-25
Windshield Washer Fluid
What To Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure
to read the manufacturer’s
instructions before use.If you will be operating your vehicle inan area
where the temperaturemay fall below freezing, use a fluid that has
sufficient protection against freezing.
To Add
Open the cap labeled
WASHER FLUID
OmY. Add washer
fluid until the tank
is
full.
~
~
’
NOTICE:
0
When using concentrated washerfluid, follow the
manufacturer’s instructions for adding
water.
0
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid. Water can
cause the solution to freeze and damage your washer fluid
tank and other parts
of the washersystem. Also, water
doesn’t cleanas well as washer fluid.
0
Fill your washer fluid tankonly 3/4 full whenit’s very cold.
This allows for expansion,which could damage the tankif it is
completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer. It
can damage your washersystem and paint.
-
6-26
Brakes
Brake Master Cylinder
Your brake master cylinderis here. It isfilled with DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in your master cylind
might go down. The first is that the brake fluid goes down to an acceptable
level during normal brake lining wear. When new linings are put
in, the
fluid levelgoes back up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking of
outthe
brake system.If it is, you should have your brake system fixed, since
a leak
means that sooner or later your brakes won’t work well,
or won’t work at
all. So, it isn’t a good idea to“top off’ your brake fluid. Adding brake fluid
won’t correcta leak. If you add fluid when your linings are worn, then
you’ll have too much fluid when you get new
brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work
is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
Refer to theMaintenance Schedule to determine when to check your brake
fluid. See “Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in the Index.
6-27
To Check Brake Fluid
.. .
You can check the brake fluid without taking
off the cap. Just look at the
windows on the brake fluid reservoir.
The fluid levels shouldbe above MIN.
If they aren’t, have your brake system checked to ifsee
there is a leak.
After work isdone on the brake hydraulic system, make sure the levels
are
above MIN and below the top of each window.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only
DOT-3 brake fluid- such as
Delco Supreme 11 (GM Part No. 1052535). Use new brake fluidfrom a
sealed container only, and always clean the brake fluid reservoir
cap before
removing it.
@
NOTICE:
0
Don’t let someoneput in the wrong kind of fluid. For
example, justa few drops of mineral-based oil, such asengine
oil, in your brakesystem can damage brakesystem parts so
badly that they’ll have tobe replaced.
0
Brake fluid can damage paint, so be careful not tospill brake
fluid on yourvehicle. If you do, wash it off immediately. See
“Appearance Care”in the Index.
6-28
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has front disc brakes and rear drumbrakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that makea high-pitched
warning sound whenthe brake pads are worn and new padsare needed. The
sound maycome and go or beheard all the time your vehicle is moving
(except when youare pushing on the brake pedalfirmly).
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads could result in
costly brake repair.
Some driving conditionsor climates may cause a brake squeal when the
brakes are first applied or lightly applied. This does not mean somethingis
wrong withyour brakes.
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but
if you i?v& hear a
rear brake rubbingnoise, have the rear brake linings inspected.Also, the
rear brake drums should be removed and inspected each time the tires are
removed for rotation or changing. When you have thefront brakes replaced,
have the rear brakesinspected, too.
Brake linings shouldalways be replaced as completeaxle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedaldoes not return to normalheight, or if
there is a rapid increase in pedaltravel. This could be a signof brake
trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a brake
stop, your disc brakes adjust for wear.
If your brake pedal goes down farther than
normal, your rear drum brakes
may need adjustment. Adjustthem by backing up and firmly applying the
brakes a few times.
6-29
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system ona modern vehicleis complex. Its many parts have to
be of top quality and work well together
if the vehicle is to have really good
braking. Vehicles we design and test have top-quality
GM brake parts in
them, as your vehicle does whenisitnew. When you replace partsof your
braking system -for example, when your brake linings wear down and
you have to havenew ones put in-be sure you get new genuine GM
replacement parts. If you don’t, your brakes may
no longer work properly.
For example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your
vehicle, the balance between yourfront and rear brakes can change
-for
the worse.The braking performance you’vecome to expect can change in
many other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement brake parts.
Battery
Every new vehicle has aDelco [email protected] You never have to add
water toone of these. When it’stime for a new battery, we recommend a
Delco [email protected] Getone that hasthe replacement number shown
on the original battery’s label.
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle
for 25 days or more, take
off the
black, negative(-) cable from the battery.
This will help keep your battery
from running down.
Contact your dealer to learn
how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage
periods.
6-30
Bulb Replacement
Before you replace any bulbs, be sure that all thelamps are off and the
engine isn’t running.
2 . Pull the headlamp
out and remove
the retainer.
3 . Unplug and
remove the
headlamp.
c
Halogen Bulbs
Composite Headlamps
I . Open the hood.
2. Remove the black
protective caps
from the removal
pins at the topofthe radiator
support. Use a
hex socket to
unscrew pins.
3. Pull the headlamp
lens assembly
out. (Some
vehicles may
have side by side
bulbs.)
4. Unplugthe
electrical
connector.
6-32
3. Pull the headlamp
lens assembly
out. (Some
vehicles may
have side by side
bulbs .)
. .
4. Unplugthe
electrical
connector.
I
_I
,
5. Turn thebulb
counterclockwise
to remove it.
.
I
6. Put the new bulb
into the headlamp
lens assembly
and turn it
clockwise until it
is tight.
7. Plug in the
electrical
connector.
L
8. Put the headlamp lens assembly backinto the vehicle. Install and
tighten the screws.
6-33
1. Reach under the
bumper and
behind the
parkinghrn
signal lamp
assembly.
2. Push the tab on
the socket, turn
the socket
counterclockwise
and pullit out.
3. Holding the base
of the bulb, pull
the bulb straight
out of the socket.
4. Push the new bulb into the socket untilit clicks.
5. Put the socket backinto the parking/turn signallamp assembly and turn
it clockwise untilit locks in place.
6-34
Rear Lamps
r
1. Open the
endgate.
2. Remove the two
screws from the
lamp assembly.
3. Pull the assembly
away from the
fender.
4. Turn the socket
counterclockwise
to removeit.
Push the tabin
while you turn
the socket
counterclockwise.
5. Holding the base of the bulb, pull the bulb straight outof the socket.
6 . Push the new bulb straight into the socket untilit clicks.
7. Put the socket into thelamp assembly and turn the socketclockwise
until it locks in place.
8. Install the lamp assembly and screws.
9. Close the endgate.
6-35
Center High Mounted Stop Lamp (CHMSL)
If you have a
two-door model, your
CHMSL will be
located on theroof. If
you have a four-door
model, your CHMSL
will be located on the
endgate glass.
A
P
There are no replaceable bulbsin your CHMSL.You must replace theentire
unit. See your GM dealer for a replacement CHMSL assembly.
Other Maintenance Items
Whdshield Wiper Blade Replacement
NOTICE:
Use care when removing or installing a blade assembly.
Accidental bumping can cause the arm to fall back and strike
the windshield.
6-36
To Remove the Old Wiper Blade:
Lift the wiperarm until it locks into a vertical position.
1. Blade Assembly
2. Arm Assembly
3. Locking Tab
4. Blade Pivot
5 . Hook Slot
6. Arm Hook
Press down on the blade assembly pivot lockingtab. Pull down on the
blade assembly to releaseit from the wiper arm hook.
Remove the insert from the blade assembly.The insert has two notches
at one end that are locked by bottomclaws of the blade assembly. At
the notched end, pull the insertfrom the blade assembly.
6-37
To Install the NewWiper Blade:
Slide the insert (notched end last) into the blade
claws‘at end “A”.
Plastic caps will be forced
off as the insertis fully inserted.
1
4
05
I
4
1 . End “A”
2 . End “B”
3. Retaining Caps
4. Notch
6-38
0
Be sure that the notches are locked
by the bottom claws. Make sure that
all otherclaws are properly locked on both sides
of the insert slots.
3
1. Claw in Notch
2. Correct Installation
3. Incorrect Installation
0
Put the blade assembly pivotin the wiper arm hook. Pull up until the
pivot locking tab locks in the hook
slot.
Carefully lower the wiper arm and blade assembly onto the windshield.
Backglass Wiper Blade Replacement
See Windshield WiperBlade Replacement in this sectionfor instructions on
how to change the backglass wiper blade. (The backglass wiper blade will
not lock in a vertical position like the windshield wiper
blade, so care
should be used when pulling it awayfrom the vehicle.)
6-39
Air Conditioning
Every now and then have your dealership check your air conditioning
system to be sure it has not lost any cooling ability. If you thinksystem
the
is not working properly, have your dealership check it out as soon as
possible.
The air conditioning willnot work when the temperature is below
40°F
(4°C).
Lock Cylinders
To be sure your locks operate properly, they must
be lubricated.
Refer to the MaintenanceSchedule to determine how often to lubricate them
and what type of lubricant to use.
You should notuse penetrating oils because they could wash out me factory
installed lubricant and cause the lock to bind. De-icers which contain
alcohol could also wash away the lubricant,
so be sure to lubricate the lock
after usinga de-icer of this type.
Exhaust System
To help prevent damageto your exhaust system, do not continue to drive
your vehicle if you notice:
0
Engine misfiring
0
Loss of performance
0
Exhaust system components hanginglower than normal.
0
Loud exhaust system noises.
0
Other unusual operating conditions
Have yourengine and exhaust system serviced regularly.
Three-way Catalytic Converter
Your vehicle’s three-way catalytic converter is designed to reduce the
pollutants in your vehicle’s exhaust. Use only unleaded
fuel in your vehicle.
If you use leaded fuel, you could damage your three-way catalytic converter
and other engine components.
Engine Control Module System
This system has an oxygen (02) sensor that helps keep your engine’s
air-fuel mixture at a proper level. Use only unleaded fuel
in your vehicle.If
you use leaded fuel, you could damage your oxygen(02) sensor and affect
your vehicle’s emissions.
6-40
Ma/function Indicator Lamp
(SERVICE ENGINE
SOON)
This light onyour instrument panel lets you know whenyour emission
system needs service. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the Index.
Tires
We don’t maketires. Your new vehicle comes with high quality tires made
by a leading tire manufacturer. These tires are warranted by the tire
manufacturers and their warrantiesare delivered withevery new vehicle. If
your spare tire is a differentbrand than your roadtires, you will have a tire
warranty folder from each of these manufacturers.
Inflation - lire Pressure
The Certificationire label which ison the driver’sdoor lock pillar, shows
the correct inflation pressuresfor your tires, when they’re cold. “Cold”
means your vehiclehas been sitting for at least threehours or drivenno
more than amile.
6-41
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tellyou that underinflation or overinflation is
all right.It’s not. If your tiresdon’t have enoughair
(underinflation) you can get:
0
Too much flexing
0
Too much heat
0
Tire overloading
0
Bad wear
0
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy.
If your tires havetoo much air(overinflation), you can get:
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
0
Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more. Also, check the tire pressureof the
spare tire.
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage tocheck tire pressure. Simplylooking
at thetires will not tell you the
pressure, especially if you have radial tires
- which may look properly inflated even if they’re underinflated.
If your tires have valvecaps, be sure to put them back
on. They help prevent
leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
6-42
lire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be inspected every
6,000 to 8,000 miles (10 000 to 13 000 km)
for any signs of unusual wear. If unusual wear
is present, rotate your tires as
soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also check
for damaged tires
or wheels. See “When It’s Timefor New Tires” and “Wheel Replacement”
later in this sectionfor more information.
The purpose of regular rotationis to achieve more uniform wear
for all tires
on the vehicle.The first rotation is the most important.See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services”in the Indexfor scheduled rotation intervals.
FRT
n
FRT
When rotating your
tires, always use one
of the correct rotation
patterns shown here.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust front
the and rear inflation pressure
as shownon the Certificatioflire label. Make certain thatall wheel nuts are
properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the Index.
6-43
When It’s Time for New Tires
Tkead Wear
Indicators
One way to tell when
it’s timefor new tires
is to check the
treadwear indicators,
which will appear
when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6
mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tire if
0 You can see the indicators at three
or more places around the tire.
0 You can see cordor fabric showing through the tire’s rubber.
0 The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep enough to show
cord or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut, or other damage that can’t be repaired well
because of the sizeor location of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size
of tires you need, look at the
Certificatioflire label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was
new had a Tire Performance
Criteria Specification (TPC Spec) numberon each tire’s sidewall. Whenyou
get new tires, get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way, your
vehicle will continue to havetires that are designed to give proper
endurance, handling, speedrating, traction, ride and other things during
normal service on your vehicle.
If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed
by an “MS”(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace yourtires with those not having
a TPC Spec number,
make sure they are thesame size, load range, speed rating and construction
type (bias, bias-belted or radial) as your originaltires.
6-44
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The following information relates to thesystem developed by the United
States National Highway Traffic SafetyAdministration which grades tires
by treadwear, traction andtemperature performance. (This appliesonly to
vehicles sold in the United States.)
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is acomparative rating based onthe wear rateof the
tire when testedunder controlled conditions on a specified government test
course. For example, a tire graded150 would wearone and a half (1 1/2)
times as well onthe government course as a tiregraded 100.The relative
performance of tires depends upon the actual conditions
of their use,
however, and may depart significantlyfrom the norm due to variations in
driving habits, service practicesand differences in road characteristics and
climate.
Traction -A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest tolowest are: A, B, and C . They represent
the tire’s ability tostop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfacesof asphalt and concrete.A
tire markedC may have poor tractionperformance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to thistire is basedon braking
(straight-ahead) traction testsand does not include cornering (turning)
traction.
Temperature - A, B, C
The temperature grades areA (the highest),B, and C , representing the tire’s
resistance to the generationof heat and its ability to dissipate heat when
tested under controlled conditions on a specified
indoor laboratory test
wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the materialof the tire to
degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessivetemperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a levelof performance
which allpassenger car tires must meetunder the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than
the minimum required by
law.
6-45
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is establishedfor a tire that is
properly inflatedand not overloaded.Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tirefailure.
These grades are molded on the sidewallsof passenger car tires.
While the tires available as standard or optional equipmentGeneral
on
Motors vehicles may vary with respectto these grades, all such tires meet
General Motors performance standards and have been approved
for use on
General Motors vehicles. All passenger type
(P Metric) tires must conform
to Federal safety requirements in addition to these
grades.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced carefully
theat
factory to giveyou the longest tirelife and best overall performance.
In mostcases, you will not need to have your wheels aligned
again.
However, if you notice unusual tire wearor your vehicle pulling one
way or
the other, the alignment may need to reset.
be If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on
a smooth road, your wheelsmay need to be
rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that isbent, cracked, or badly rusted or corroded.If
wheel nutskeep coming loose, the wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts
should be replaced. If the wheel leaksair, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your GM dealer if any of
these conditionsexist.
Your dealer will know the kind
of wheel you need.
Each new wheel shouldhave the same load carrying capacity, diameter,
width, offset, and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you needto replace any of your wheels, wheel
bolts, or wheel nuts,
replace them only with new GM originalequipment parts. This way, you
will be sure to have the right wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nutsfor your
vehicle.
6-46
I NOTICE:
The wrong wheel canalso cause problems with bearing
life,
brake cooling, speedometer/odometer calibration, headlamp
aim, bumper height, vehicle ground clearance, tire
andor tire
chain clearanceto the body and chassis.
Used Replacement Wheels
6-47
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
If your vehicle has P235/75R15 or P235/70R15 size tires, don’t
use tire chains;they can damage yourvehicle.
If you have othersize tires, use tire chains only where legal and
only when you must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains that
are the propersize for yourtires. Install them on the drive axle
tires (four-wheeldrive vehicles can use chains on both axles)
and tighten them as
tightly as possible with the ends securely
fastened. Driveslowly and follow the chain manufacturer’s
instructions. If you can hear the chains contacting your
vehicle,
stop and retighten them.
If the contact continues,slow down
until it stops. Driving too fast
or spinning the
wheels with chains
on will damage yourvehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products canbe hazardous. Some are toxic. Otherscan
burst into flame if you strike a matchor get them on a hot partof the
vehicle. Some are dangerous if you breathe their fumesin a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your vehicle,
be sure to
follow the manufacturer’s warnings and instructions. And always open your
doors or windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
6-48
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
0
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous- some more than others- and they can all
damage your vehicle, too.
Don’t use anyof these unless this manual says you
can. In many uses, these
will damage your vehicle:
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
0
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Insideof Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner oftento get rid of dust and
loose dirt. Wipe vinyl or
leather with a clean, damp cloth.
Your GM dealer hastwo GM cleaners, a solvent-type spot lifter and a
foam-type powdered cleaner. They will clean normalspots and stains very
well. Do not use themon vinyl or leather.
Here are some cleaning tips:
Always read the instructionson the cleaner label.
0
Clean up stains as soon as you can
- before they set.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change toa clean area often.A soft
brush may be used if stains are stubborn.
Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area only. If you use
them, don’t saturate the stained area.
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire area immediatelyor
it will set.
6-49
Using Foam-Type Cleaneron Fabric
0
Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose
dirt.
0
Always cleana whole trim panelor section. Mask surrounding trim
along stitch or weltlines.
0
Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following the directionson the
container label.
0
Use suds only and apply witha clean sponge.
0
Don’t saturate the material.
Don’t rub it roughly.
0
As soon as you’ve cleaned thesection, use a sponge toremove the
suds.
Rinse the section witha clean, wet sponge.
0
Wipe off what’s left witha slightly damp paper towel or
cloth.
0
Then dry it immediately with a blow dryer or a heat lamp.
.
NOTICE:
Be careful. A blow dryer may scorch the fabric.
0
Wipe with a clean cloth.
Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric
First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all. Some spots and
stains will cleanoff better withjust water and mildsoap.
If you need to use a solvent:
0
Gently scrapeexcess soil from the trim material witha clean, dull knife
or scraper. Use verylittle cleaner, light pressure and clean cloths
(preferably cheesecloth). Cleaning should
start at the outsideof the
stain, “feathering” toward the center. Keep changinga clean
to
section
of thecloth.
0
When you cleana stain from fabric, immediately drythe area with a
blow dryer tohelp prevent a cleaning ring. (See the previous NOTICE.)
6-50
Fabric Protection
Your vehicle has upholstery and carpet that has been treated with
Scotchgard" Fabric Protector, a 3M product. Scotchgard protects fabrics
by repelling oil and water, which are thecarriers of most stains. Even with
this protection, you still need to clean your upholstery andcarpet often to
keep it looking new.
R'(
Further information on cleaning is available by calling 1-800-433-3286 (in
Minnesota, 1-800-642-6 167).
SpeciaI CIeaning Problems
Greasy or Oily Stains
Stains caused by grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe polish, coffee with
cream, chewing gum, cosmetic creams, vegetableoils, wax crayon, tar and
asphalt can be removed as follows:
0
Carefully scrape off excess stain.
Follow the solvent-type instructions described earlier.
0
Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain
if left on a vehicle
seat fabric. They should be removed
as soon as possible. Be careful,
because thecleaner will dissolve them and may cause them to spread.
Non-Greasy Stains
Stains caused by catsup, coffee (black), egg,fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft
drinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood can be removed as follows:
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the soiled area with cool
water.
0
If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions described earlier.
If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat the area with
a
waterhaking soda solution: 1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup
(250 ml) of lukewarm water.
0
If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
Combination Stains
Stains caused by candy, icecream, mayonnaise, chili sauce and unknown
stains can beremoved as follows:
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean withcool water and allow
to dry.
If a stain remains, clean it with solvent-type cleaner.
6-51
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water anda clean cloth.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to removedirt.You may have to doit
more than once.
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish
will stain if you don’t get them
off quickly. Use a clean cloth anda solvent-type vinyl cleaner.
C/eaningLeather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and
a mild soap or saddle soap.
For stubborn stains, use a mild solution of 10%isopropyl alcohol
(rubbing alcohol) and90% water.
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive cleaners, furniture
polish or shoe polish on leather.
0
Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately.
If dirt is allowed to work
into finish, it can harm the leather.
Creaning theTop of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument
panel. Sprays containing silicones or waxes
may cause annoying reflections
in the windshield and even make
it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean anddry.
6-52
Glass
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner (GM Part No. 1050427)
or a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and
dust films.
Don’t use abrasive cleanerson glass, because they may cause scratches.
Avoid placing decals on the inside rear window,
since they may have to be
scraped off later. If abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged. Any temporary
license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outsideof the Windshield,
Backglass and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the
windshield washer, or if the
wiper blade chatters whenrunning, wax or other material may be on the
blade or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with GM Windshield Cleaner,
Bon-Ami
[email protected](GM PartNo. 1050011). The windshield is cleanif beads do not
form when you rinseit with water.
Clean the blade by wiping vigorously with a clothsoaked in full strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse theblade with water.
Wiper bladesshould be checked on a regular basis and replaced when worn
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them longer,
last
seal better, and
not stick or squeak. Apply silicone grease witha clean clothat least every
six months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent applicationmay
be required. (See “Recommended Fluids& Lubricants” in the Index.)
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle
provides beauty, depth of color, gloss
retention and durability.
6-53
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it clean
by washing
it often with lukewarm
or cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays
of the sun. Don’t use strong soaps
or chemical detergents. Use liquid
hand, dish or car washing (mild
detergent) soaps. Don’t use cleaning agents thatare petroleum based, or that
contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents should be flushed promptly
and not allowed to dry on the
surface, or they couldstain. Dry the finish
with a soft, clean chamoisor a 100%cotton towel to avoid surface scratches
and water spotting.
High pressure vehicle washes
may cause water to enter your vehicle.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing
of your vehicleby hand may be
necessary to remove residue
from the paint finish. You can get GM
approved cleaning products from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and
Materials” in the Index.)
Your vehicle hasa “basecoatklearcoat” paint finish. The clearcoat gives
more depthand gloss to the colored basecoat. Always use waxes and
polishes that are non-abrasive and made
for a basecoatklearcoat paint
finish.
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on a .
basecoatlclearcoat paint finish may dull the finish or leave swirl
marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting
agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird droppings, chemicals from industrial
chimneys, etc. can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible.
If necessary, use
non-abrasive cleaners that are marked safefor painted surfaces toremove
foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject aging,
to
weather and chemicalfallout
that can take their toll over
a period of years. You can help to keep the paint
finish looking new by keeping your vehicle garaged
or covered whenever
possible.
6-54
Protecting Exterior Bright Metal Parts
Bright metal partsshould be cleaned regularly tokeep their luster. Washing
with water is all that is usually
needed. However, you may use GM Chrome
Polish on chrome or stainless steeltrim, if necessary.
Use specialcare with aluminum trim. To avoid damaging protective trim,
never use auto or chrome polish, steam or caustic soap to clean aluminum.
A coating of wax, rubbed to highpolish, is recommendedfor all bright
metal parts.
Aluminum Wheels(If So Equipped)
Your aluminum wheels have a protective coating similar to
the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strongsoaps, chemicals, chrome polish,
abrasive cleanersor abrasive cleaningbrushes on thembecause you could
damage this coating. After rinsing thoroughly, a wax may
be applied.
1 NOTICE:
If you have aluminum wheels, don’t use an automatic vehicle
wash that has hard silicon carbide cleaning brushes. These
brushes can take the protective coating
off your aluminum
wheels.
Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiffbrush with a tire cleaner.
When applying a tire dressingalways take care to wipe off any oversprayor
splash from painted surfaces. Petroleum-based products may damage the
paint finish.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle isdamaged and requires sheetmetal repair or replacement,
make sure the body repairshop applies anti-corrosion material to the parts
repaired or replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Foreign Material
Calcium chloride and other salts, ice meltingagents, road oil and tar, tree
sap, bird droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, and other foreign
matter can damage your vehicle’s finishif they remain on paintedsurfaces.
Use cleaners thatare marked safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign
matter.
6-55
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish should be repaired
right away.Bare metal will corrode quickly andmay develop into a major
repair expense.
Minor chipsand scratches can be repaired with touch-up materials available
from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areasof finish damagecan
be corrected inyour dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust control
can collect on
the underbody.If these are notremoved, accelerated corrosion (rust)can
occur on the underbody parts suchas fuel lines, frame, floor pan, and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the underbody with plain
water. Clean any areas where
mud and other debris cancollect. Dirt packed
in closed areas of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your
dealer or an underbody vehicle washing system can
do this foryou.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a chemical fallout.
Airborne pollutants can fall upon and attack painted surfaces on your
vehicle. This damage can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregulardark spots etched into the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paintjob causes this, GM will repair, at no charge
to the owner, the surfaces of new vehicles damagedby this fallout condition
within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase, whichever
comes first.
6-56
Appearance Care Materials Chart
SIZE
DESCRIPTION
USAGE
1050172
16 oz. (0.473L)
Tar andRoad Oil
waxes,
Remover
Removesold
polishes,
tar and roadoil
1050173
16 oz. (0.473L)
PART
NUMBER
1050174
1050214
Chrome CleanerRemovesrust
corrosion
Polish
and
and
on chrome and
stainless steel
16 oz. (0.473L) WhiteSidewallCleanswhite
Tire
Cleaner
and
black
tires
32 oz. (0.946L) VinylLeather
Spot and stain
removal on
Cleaner
leather or vinyl
1050244
16 oz. (0.473L)
FabricCleaner
Spot and stain
removal on
cloth and fabric
1050427
23 oz. (0.680L)
Glass Cleaner
1050429
6 lbs. (2.72 kg)Multi-Pufpose
Powder Cleaner
Glass cleaning
and spot
cleaning on
vinyls
Cleans vinyl
and cloth on
door trim, seats,
and
carpet -also
tires and mats
1050729
8 oz. (0.237L)
105 1055
16 oz. (0.473L)
1051398
8 oz. (0.237L)
1052870
16 oz. (0.473L)
1050201
16 oz. (0.473L)
Vinyl Top Cleaner Cleaning of
vinyl tops
Preservatone
Vinyl top
dressing
Spot Lifter
Spot and stain
removal on
cloth and fabric
Wash-Wax
(conc .)
MagicMirror
Cleaner-Polish
6-57
Exterior wash
Exterior cleaner
and polish
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
L
~0
TESTVNXX3XXQ09696
0
.
1
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle.
It appears ona plate in the front
corner of the instrument panel, on the driver’s
side. You can see itif you
look through the windshield from outside your vehicle.VIN
Thealso
appears on the vehicle Certification and
Service Parts labels and the
certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth character in yourVIN is the enginecode. This code will help
you identify yourengine, specifications, and replacement parts.
6-58
b
r
1
6-59
I
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the inside
of the glove box.
It’s very helpfulif you ever need to order parts.On this label is:
your VIN,
the model designation,
0
paint information, and
a list of all production options and specialequipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Add-on Electrical Equipment
I NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle unless you check
with your dealer first. Some electrical equipment can damage
your vehicle and the damage wouldn’t be covered
by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Your vehicle hasan air bag system. Before attempting to add anything
electrical to your vehicle,see “Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle”
in the Index.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected
from short circuitsby a
combination of fuses, circuit breakers, and fusible thermal links in the
wiring itself. This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused by electrical
problems.
6-60
Headlamps
The headlamp wiring is protected bya circuit breaker in the lightswitch. An
electrical overload will cause the lights togo on and off, or in somecases to
remain off. If this happens, have your headlamp wiring checked right away.
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wiper motoris protected by a circuit breaker and a fuse. If
the motor overheats due to heavy snow,etc., the wiper will stop until the
motor cools. If the overload is caused by some electrical problem and not
snow, etc., be sure to getit fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protectthe power windows and other
power accessories. When the current load is too heavy, the circuit break
opens and closes, protecting the circuit untilthe problem isfixed.
Trailer Wiring Harness
The optional seven-wire trailer wiring harness is protected by an in-line
fuse in the battery feed wire. This fuse is nearthe junction block in the
front, driver’s side fender.See “Trailer WiringHarness” in the Features &
Controls section.
Fuse B/ock
The fuse block is in
the instrument panel
on the driver’sside.
Remove the cover by
turning the fastener
counterclockwise.
Then you can remove
fuses witha fuse
extractor. Extra fuses
are provided in the
cover.
6-61
Be sure to use the
correct fuse.
Spare fusesare provided, however if you ever havea problem on the road
and don’t havea spare fuse, you can “borrow” oneof the correct value.Just
pick some feature of your vehicle thatyou can get along without-like the
radio or cigarette lighter-and use its fuse, if it is of the valueyou need.
Replace it as soonas you can. See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in this
section.
To reinstall the fuse panel cover, pushin and turn the fastener clockwise.
Capacities and Specification Charts
Replacement Parts
Replacement part numbers listed in this section are based
on the latest
information available at the time
of printing, and are subject to change. If
a
part listed in this manual is not same
the as the part used in your vehicle
when it was built, or if you have anyquestions, please contact yourGM
truck dealer.
Engine Identification
Engine Description
4.3L
V6
W
CPI**
Type
VIN Code
Fuel System
Produced By
Emissions
us.
L.D.
**Central Port Fuel Injection
6-62
Wheel Nut Torque
DESCRIPTION
Base or Optional Wheel
TORQUE
95 ft. lbs. ( 130 Nom)
Cooling System Capacity
ENGINE
4.3L
VIN CODE
W
QUANTITY*
12.1 Quarts
(11.5 Liters)
*All quantities are approximate. After refill, the level MUSTbe checked.
Crankcase Capacity
ENGINE
VIN CODE
4.3L
W
QUANTITY WITH
FILTER*
4.5 Quarts (4.3 Liters)
*All quantities areapproximate. After refill, the level MUSTbe checked.
Do not overfill.
Fuel Tank Capacity
TYPE
2-Door Models
4-Door Models
QUANTITY*
20 Gallons (76 Liters)
19 Gallons (72 Liters)
*All quantities are approximate.
6-63
Lamp and Bulb Dafa
EXTERIOR LAMPS
Halogen HeadlampsSealed Beam
Halogen HeadlampsComposite
Halogen Headlamps Composite
Backup Lamp
License Lamp
Tail and Stop Lamps
Marker Lamp (Front)
Parking and Signal
Lamp
CHMSL Assembly
Fog Lamp
Underhood Lamp
INTERIOR LAMPS
Ash Tray Lamp
Courtesy Lamp
Dome Lamp (Front)
Dome Lamp (Rear)
Four-wheel Drive
Indicator
Heater & AC Control
Glovebox
Compartment Lamp
Overhead Console
Reading Lamps
Rearview Mirror
Lamps
Sunshade Vanity
Mirror Lamps
QUANTITY
2
TRADE NO.
2E1
2
2
9006 HB4
(Low Beam)
9005 HB3
(High Beam)
3 156
1
194
4
3057
2
2
194
2
1 Unit
2
1
3157 NA
See GM Dealer
See GM Dealer
93
1
161
2
1003
1
211-2
1
211-2
6
161
2
37
1
1003
2
2
194
212-2
4
7065
6-64
Instrument Cluster Lamps
NOTE: A PC part number indicates that the bulb and base are one
assembly and must be replaced as such.
1
PC74
1
PC74
1
1
PC74
1
PC74
1
6
PC74
PC168
1
PC74
Seat Belt Indicator
1
PC 194
Turn Signal Indicator
2
1
1
PC74
PC74
Anti-lock Brake
Warning Indicator
Brake System Warning
Indicator
Check Gages Indicator
Daytime Running
Lamps Indicator
Charging System
Indicator
High Beam Indicator
Instrument Cluster
Illumination
Malfunction Indicator
Lamp (SERVICE
ENGINE SOON)
Upshift Indicator
AIR BAG Indicator
6-65
PC74
See GM Dealer
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Fuse Legend
0 10 Amp - Red
0 15 Amp - Blue
0 20 Amp - Yellow
0 25 Amp - Clear
0 30 Amp - Green
6-66
NAME
PWR ACCY
PWR WDO
STOP HAZ
HORN DM
TIL CTSY
CIRCUITS PROTECTED
Power Door Locks, Power Seat, Power Seat Lumbar,
RKE
Power Windows
Stop Lamps, Hazard Lamps, Chime, CHMSL Relay,
CHMSL Lamp
Dome Lamps, Cargo Lamps, VisorVanity Mirror,
Cigarette Lighter, Inside Rearview
Mirror Lamp,
Overhead Console Lamps, Glove Box Lamp, Horns,
Horn Relay, IP Courtesy Lamps, PowerOutside
Rearview Mirror, LiftglassRelease Motor, Illuminated
Entry Module
Park Lamps, License Plate Lamps, Electric Shift
Transfer Case Module, Under Hood Lamp,
Rear Wiper,
Fog Lamp Relay, Door Switch Lamp
6-67
NAME
GAUGES
ENG I
HTR N C
PWR AUX
RR DEFOG
ECM BATT
ECM IGN
CIRCUITS PROTECTED
Alternator Field, VTC, A/C Compressor Relay, Cluster
Chime Module, DRL Relay Coil, Four-wheel Drive
Indictor Lamp, DRL Module, Rear Defog Timer, TCCM
Ignition, SIR Redundant Ignition,RKE Ignition
0 2 Sensor Heat Dr, EGR, Cam Sensor, CANN, Purge
Heater-A/C Blower Motor, Temperature Door Motor,
A/C Compressor Clutch, HI Blower Relay Coil, Timer
Relay Coil
Power Auxiliary Outlets, ALDL
Rear Window Defogger
PCMNCM Battery, ABS Battery(LN2), Fuel Pump
PCMNCM Ignition, Injectors, Crank Sensor, Coil
Driver Module
6-68
NAME
RADIO
RDO BATT
ILLUM
DRL
TURN-B/U
CIRCUITS PROTECTED
Radio, Inside Rearview Mirror Map Lamp, Overhead
Console Reading Lamps, Rear Wiper, Rear Washer
Overhead Console Display
Clock, Radio Battery,CD Player
Cluster Illumination, Ash Tray Lamp, Radio
Illumination, Heater Lamp, Four-wheel Drive
Illumination, Chime Module, Fog Lamp Illumination
Rear Wiper Switch, Rear Defog Switch Illumination
Lift Glass Release Switch Illumination, Overhead
Console Illumination
Daytime Running Lamps
Turn Signal and Back-up Lamps
6-69
NAME
WIPER
BRAKE
4WD
CRANK
FOG
AIR BAG
TRANS
PRNDL
CIRCUITS PROTECTED
Windshield Washer, Windshield Wiper Motor
DRAC, Anti-Lock Braking System, Cruise Control
Electric Shift TransferCase
Crank Signal
Fog Lamp Relay, Fog Lamps
Air Bag Module
4L60E Automatic Transmission
PRNDL Power
Service Replacement Part and Filter
Recommendations
Engine (VIN)
4.3L(W)
Oil Filter
PF52
Air Cleaner Filter
PCV Valve
A1163C
cv774c
Spark Plugs
.CR43TSM
Fuel Filter
GF481
RC27
Radiator Cap
*Use copper-cored resistor type spark plugs.
6-70
Air Conditioning Refrigerant Capacity
TYPE
QUANTITY*
30 oz. (.85 kg)
R134a
*All Quantities Are Approximate
NOTICE:
R134a refrigerantis not compatible with R-12 refrigerantin an
air conditioning system.R-12 in an R134a system will cause
compressor failure, refrigerant oil sludge, or poor air
conditioning system performance.
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Not all air conditioning refrigerantsare the same. If the air conditioning
system in your vehicle needsrefrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is
used. If you’re notsure, ask yourGM dealer. For additionalinformation, see
your “Warranty and Owner Assistance Information”
booklet.
6-71
Notes
6-72
Scheduled Maintenance Services
Section
IMPORTANT:
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVELAND CHANGE
AS RECOMMENDED
This sectioncovers the maintenance requiredfor your vehicle.Your vehicle
needs these services to retain its safety, dependability and emission control
performance.
Protection
Plan
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan?The Plan supplements your
new vehicle warranties. See your GM dealer for details.
Introduction
Your Vehicle andthe Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helpsto keep your vehiclein good
working condition, but also helps the environment. All recommended
maintenance procedures areimportant. Improper vehicle maintenanceor the
removal of important components can significantly affect the quality
of the
air we breathe. Improper fluid levelsor even the wrong tire inflation can
increase the levelof emissions from your vehicle.To help protectour
environment, and to help keep your vehiclein good condition, please
maintain yourvehicle properly.
7-1
How This Section is Organized
The remainder of this section is divided intofive parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services”shows what to have done and
how often. Some of these services can be
complex, so unless you are
technically qualified and have the necessary
equipment, you should let your
dealer’s service departmentor another qualified service center
do these jobs.
If you are skilled enough todo some work on your vehicle, you will
probably want to get the service information
GM publishes. You will find a
list of publications andhow to get them in this manual.
See “Service
Publications” in the Index.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services”
tells you what shouldbe checked
whenever you stop for fuel. It also explains whatyou can easily do to help
keep your vehicle in good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections”
explains important
inspections that yourGM dealer’s service departmentor another qualified
service center should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”lists some productsGM
recommends to help keep your vehicle properly maintained. These
products,
or theirequivalents, should be used whether you
do the work yourselfor
have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record’ provides a place for you to recordthe
maintenance performedon your vehicle. Whenever any maintenance is
performed, be sure to write it down
in this part. This will help
you
determine when your next maintenance should done.
be In addition, it is a
good idea to keep your maintenance receipts. They
may be needed to
qualify your vehiclefor warranty repairs.
7-2
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help
you keep your vehicle in good working
condition. But we don’t know exactly how you’ll drive
it. You may drive
very short distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive long
distances all the time in very
hot, dusty weather.You may use your vehicle
in making deliveries. Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in many
other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their GM
vehicles, maintenance
needs vary. You may even need more frequent checks and replacements tha
you’ll find in the schedules in this
section. So please read this section and
note how you drive. If you have any questions onhow to keep your vehicle
in good condition, see you GM dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance servicesyou should have done and whe
you should schedule them.If you go to your dealerfor your service needs,
you’ll know that GM-trained and supported service people will perform th
work usinggenuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed Part
in D. Make sure
whoever services your vehicle uses these. All parts should be replaced a
all necessary repairs done beforeyou or anyoneelse drives the vehicle.
These schedules arefor vehicles that:
carry passengers and cargo within recommendedlimits. You will find
these limits on your vehicle’s CertificationEire label. See “Loading
Your Vehicle’’in the Index.
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal driving
limits.
are driven off-road in the recommended manner.See “OffRoad
Driving WithYour Four-wheel Drive Vehicle” in theIndex.
use the recommended unleadedfuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
Selecting the Right Schedule
First you’ll need todecide which of the two schedules is rightfor your
vehicle. Here’s how to decide which schedule to follow:
7-3
I Schedule
I
Follow Maintenance Schedule I if any one of these is truefor your vehicle:
Most trips are less than5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km). This is particularly
important when outside temperatures are below freezing.
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent drivingstop
in and
go traffic).
0
You operate your vehicle in dusty areas or off-road frequently.
0
You frequently two a traileror use a carrier on topof your vehicle.
Schedule I should also be followedif the vehicle is usedfor delivery
service, police, taxi, or other commercial application.
I Schedule / Intervals
I
Every 3,000 Miles (5 000 km) or 3 Months
Engine Oil and Filter Change
Chassis Lubrication
Drive Axle Service
At 6,000 Miles (10000 km)
- Then Every 12,000 Miles (25000
km)
Tire Rotation
Every 15,000 Miles (25
000 km)
Air Cleaner Filter Inspection,if driving in dusty conditions
Front Wheel Bearing Repack(2WD Only)
Every 30,000 Miles (50000 km)
Air Cleaner Filter Replacement
Spark Plug Replacement
Fuel Filter Replacement
Cooling System Service (or every24 months)
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
Automatic TransmissionService (severe conditions)
7-4
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection
Spark Plug Wire Inspection
Engine Timing Check
Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection
Follow Schedule I1 only if none of the conditionsfrom Schedule I is true.
I Schedule // /nterva/s
Every 7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
Engine Oil and Filter Change (or every 12 months)
Chassis Lubrication (or every 12 months)
Drive Axle Service
At 7,500Miles ( 12 500 km) - Then Every 15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
Tire Rotation
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
Cooling System Service (or every 24 months)
Spark Plug Replacement
Fuel Filter Replacement
Air Cleaner Filter Replacement
Front Wheel Bearing Repack (2-Wheel Drive Only)
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
Automatic Transmission Service (severe conditions)
Every 60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
Spark Plug Wire Inspection
Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection
Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection
Engine Timing Check
7-5
I Maintenance Schedule I
The services shown in thisschedule up to 100,000 miles (166 000 km)
should be performed after100,000 miles (166000 km) at the same intervals.
Footnotes
? The California Air Resources Board has
determined that the failure to
perform this maintenanceitem will not nullify theemission warranty or
limit recall liability prior to the completion
of vehicle useful life. We,
however, urge that all recommended maintenance services be performed
at
the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded in “Section
E:
Maintenance Record.”
** Drive axle service:
0
Locking Differential - Drain fluid and refill at first
engine oil change.
At subsequent oilchanges, check fluid level andadd fluid asneeded. If
driving in dusty areas or towing a trailer, drain fluid and refill
every
15,000 miles (25 000 km).
0
Standard Differential - Check fluid level and add fluid as needed at
every oil change. If driving in dusty areasor towing a trailer, drain
fluid and refillevery 15,000 miles (25000 km).
0
More frequent lubricationmay be required for heavy-duty or off-road
use.
3,000 Miles (5 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the frontsuspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10°F (-1 2°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warmup before lubricating themor they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every6
months ,whichever occursfirst).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle seals for leaking. **
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
7-6
I
SERVICED BY:
I Maintenance Schedule I
6,000 Miles (70 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warmup before lubricating themor they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfercase shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at
every oil change (or every6
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking. **
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection andRotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
BY
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
-
~~
,.
9,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating them
or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cable guides,propshaft splines,universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at
every oil change (or every6
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle seals for leaking. **
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-7
SERVICED BY:
Maintenance ScheduleI
12,000 Miles (20 000km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Lubricate the frontsuspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperature is
10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warmup before lubricating themor they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every 6
months, whichever occursfirst).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle sealsfor leaking. **
DATE SERVICED
ACTUAL MILEAGE
BY
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Lubricate thefront suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unlesstheir temperature is 10* F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating them
or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every 6
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Inspect air cleanerfilter if you are driving in dusty conditions. Replace
filter if necessary.An Emission ControlService.
7-8
I
Maintenance Schedule I
~
~~~
~~~~~
0 Check readfront axle fluid level andadd fluid as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack thefront wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occursfirst).
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
18,000 Miles (30 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the frontsuspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather is cold, let them warmup before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutchpedal springs at everyoil change (or every 6
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid asneeded. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle seals for leaking. **
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection andRotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-9
SERVICED BY:
1 Maintenance Schedule I
21,000 Miles (35 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension, ball
joints (ball joints should notbe
lubricated unless their temperature 10
is "F (-12" C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every oil change (or every
6
months, whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle sealsfor leaking. **
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
24,000 Miles (40000 km)
0 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate thefront suspension, ball joints (ball joints should notbe
lubricated unless their temperature is
10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating them
or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs
at every oil change (or every 6
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking. * *
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7- 10
SERVICED B Y
I Maintenance Schedule I
27,000 Miles (45 000)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate thefront suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperature is 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricatingthem or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage,
parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springsat every oil change (or every 6
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axleseals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperature is
10°F (-1 2°C) or higher. When
the weatheris cold,let themw m up before lubricating themor they
could bedamaged.), steering linkage and transfercase shift linkage,
parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springsat every oil change (or every 6
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Inspect engine accessorydrive belts (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control Service
0 Drain, flush and
refill cooling system(or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressurecap and
neck. Pressure test the cooling system and pressure
cap. An Emission
Control Service.
(Continued)
7-11
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
(Continued)
0 For 2-Wheel Drive vehicles only: Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings (or at each brake relining, whichever occurs
first).
0 Replace spark plugs.An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace air cleaner filter.Replace filter more often under dusty
conditions. An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection andRotation” in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
33,000 Miles (55 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter(or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate thefront suspension, balljoints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10O F (-1 2 O C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every6
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
L
7- 12
Maintenance ScheduleI
36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the frontsuspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10O F (- 12O C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at
every oil change (or every 6
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle seals for leaking.**
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY:
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10OF (-1 2 O C ) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating them
or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case
shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at
every oil change (or every6
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid asneeded. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle seals for leaking.**
BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7- 13
I
Maintenance ScheduleI
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, balljoints (ball joints should notbe
lubricated unless their temperature is
10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating them
or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every change
oil
(or every 6
months, whichever occursfirst).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as
needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection andRotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the frontsuspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperature is10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warmup before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every6
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle seals for leaking.**
Inspect air cleanerfilter if you are driving in dusty conditions.Replace
filter if necessary,An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7- 14
SERVICED BY:
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10°F (-1 2°C) or higher. When
the weather is cold, let them warmup before lubricating themor they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at everyoil change (or every 6
months, whichever occurs first).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle seals for leaking.**
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
L
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0 Change automatic transmission fluid andfilter if the vehicle is mainly
driven under one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic wherethe outside temperature regularly
reaches 90 OF (32 O C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police car or delivery service.
I f you do not useyour vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid
and filter do not require changing.
Manual transmission fluid doesn’t requirechange.
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
7- 15
I
SERVICED BY:
I
I Maintenance Schedule I
I
~~
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate thefront suspension, balljoints (ball joints should notbe
lubricated unless their temperature is10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warmup before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case
shift linkage,
parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every oil change
(or every 6
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Lubricate
thefront suspension, balljoints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unlesstheir temperature is 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weatheris cold,let them warmup before lubricating themor they
could bedamaged.), steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every oil change
(or every 6
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
7-16
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
57,000 Miles (95000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather is cold, let them warmup before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfercase shift linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every6
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and addfluid as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
60,000 Miles (I00 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints (ball joints should notbe
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10"F (-1 2" C) or higher. When
the weather is cold, let them warm up before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case
shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal,springs, and clutch pedal springs atevery oil change (or every6
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid
level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). Inspect hoses.Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and
neck. Pressure test thecooling system and pressurecap. An Emission
Control Service.
(Continued)
7-17
I Maintenance Schedule I
I
(Continued)
0 Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission Control Service. ?
0 Replace air cleaner filter. Replace filter more often under dlust:
conditions. An Emission ControlSewice.
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap and linesfor damage or leaks .Inspect fuel cap
gasket for any damage. Replace parts
as needed. An Emission Control
Service. -F
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
63,000 Miles (105 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate thefront suspension, balljoints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperature
is 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weatheris cold, let themwarm up before lubricating them
or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every6
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
7-18
Maintenance ScheduleI
~~
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate thefront suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperatureis 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weatheris cold, let them warm up before lubricating them
or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case
shift linkage,
parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springsat every oil change (or every 6
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and addfluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
in the Indexfor proper
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
rotation pattern and additional information.
BY:
DATE SERVICED
ACTUAL MILEAGE
69,000 Miles (115 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball
joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unlesstheir temperature is 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weatheris cold,let them warm up before lubricating them
or they
could bedamaged.), steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every 6
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-19
SERVICED‘BY
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
CI Lubricate the front suspension, ball
joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10O F (-1 2 O C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every 6
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as
needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
75,000 Miles (725 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, balljoints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperature is10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warmup before lubricating themor they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springsat every oil change (or every 6
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions. Replace
filter if necessary.An Emission Control Service.
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as
needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-20
SERVICED B Y
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
I
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate thefront suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperature
is 10°F (-12” C) or higher. When
the weatheris cold,let them warm up before lubricating them
or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every6
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”
in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
I
SERVICED B Y
81,000 Miles (135 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate thefront suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unlesstheir temperature is 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weatheris cold,let them warm up before lubricating them
or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every 6
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY
i
7-21
I Maintenance Schedule I
84,000 Miles (140
000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Lubricate the frollt suspension, ball
joints (ball joints should not be
,
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10°F (-12" C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating them
or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints', brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every6
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle
fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
i
87,000 Miles(145 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
Lubricate the front suspension, ball
joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperature is
10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weatheris cold, let them warmup before lubricating them or they
'could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal
springs at everyoil change (or every6
months, whichever occursfirst).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axie seals for leaking.**
7-22
I
Maintenance Schedule I
90,000 Miles (150000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate thefront suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10O F (- 12O C) or higher. When
the weather is cold, let them warm up before lubricating
them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkageand transfer case shiftlinkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at
every oil change (or every6
months, whichever occurs first).
as needed. Check
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
0 Inspect engine accessory drive belt (orevery 24 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Drain, flush and refill coolingsystem (or every24 months, whichever
occurs first). Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and
neck. Pressure test the cooling
system and pressurecap. An Emission
Control Service.
0 Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace air cleaner filter.Replace filter more often
under dusty
conditions. An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection andRotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
7-23
I
SERVICED B Y
I
I
I Maintenance Schedule I
93,000 Mles (155 000 km)
a Change engine oil and filter (or every3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControGService.
0 Lubricate thefront suspension, balljoints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperature isOF10(-1 2 "C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let themwarm up before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case linkage,
shift
parking brake cable guides, propshaft
splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every6
months, whichever occursfist).
Check readfront axle fluidlevel and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
96,000 Miles (160 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service..
Lubricate the front suspension, ball
joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperature
is 10°F (-12" C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case linkage,
shift
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every 6
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-24
SERVICED B Y
Maintenance Schedule I
99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10"F (-1 2°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating themor they
could bedamaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at
every oil change (or every6
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and addfluid as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0 Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly
driven underone or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city trafficwhere the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
-
In hilly or mountainous terrain,
- When doing frequent trailertowing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police car or delivery service. Ifyou do
not useyour vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid and
filter do not requirechanging.
Manual transmissionfluid doesn't require change.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
L
7-25
The services shown in thisschedule up to 100,000 miles (166 000 km)
should be performed after 100,000 miles (166
000 km) at the same intervals.
Footnotes
t The California Air Resources Board has determined that the failure to
perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or
limit recall liability prior to the completion
of vehicle usefullife. We,
however, urge that all recommended maintenance services be performed at
the indicated intervals and the maintenance
be recorded in “Section E:
Maintenance Record .”
** Drive axle service:
0
Locking Differential - Drain fluid and refill at firstengine oil change.
At subsequent oil changes, check fluid level and add fluid
as needed. If
driving in dusty areasor towing a trailer, drain fluid and refill every
15,000 miles (25 000 km).
0
Standard Differential - Check fluid level and add fluid as needed
at
every engine oil change. If driving in dusty areas or towinga trailer,
drain fluid and refill every15,000 miles (25 000 km).
0
More frequent lubrication may be required for heavy-duty or off-road
use.
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the front suspension, ball
joints (ball joints should notbe
lubricated unless their temperature is10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking,**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-26
SERVICED B Y
I
Maintenance Schedule I I
15,000 Miles (25000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
f i t ) . An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperatureis 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricatingthem or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springsat every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occursfirst).
Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
22,500 Miles(37500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or
every 12 months, whichever occurs
fist). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unlesstheir temperature is 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weatheris cold,let them warm up before lubricating themor they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage,
parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springsat every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occursfist).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle seals for leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspectionand Rotation” in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
7- 27
Maintenance Schedule II
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Lubricate thefront suspension, balljoints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warmup before lubricating themor they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universaljoints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springsat every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
0 Inspect engine accessory drive belt (orevery 24 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (orevery 24 months, whichever
occurs first). Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure
cap and
neck. Pressure test the cooling system and pressure
cap. An Emission
Control Service.
0 Replace spark plugs.An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission Control Service. 3'
17 Replace air cleaner filter.An Emission Control Service.
I
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-28
SERVICED B Y
37,500 Miles (62 500)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperature is10°F (-1 2°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating them
or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case
shift linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every oil change (or every
12
months, whichever
occurs
first).
-
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperatureis 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warm up before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer
case shift linkage,
parking brakecable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springsat every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle seals for leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-29
BY
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0 Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly
driven underone or more of these conditions:
-
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
-
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
-
When doing frequent trailer towing.
-
Uses such as found in taxi, policecar or delivery service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid
and filter do not require changing.
Manual transmission fluid doesn’t requirechange.
52,500 Miles (87 500)
12 months, whichever occurs
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every
first). An Emission Control Service.
joints (ball joints should not be
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball
lubricated unless their temperature is10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weatheris cold, let them warm up before lubricating them
or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universaljoints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every oil change (or every
12
months, whichever occurs first).
as needed. Check
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
constant velocity joints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE SERVICED
ACTUAL MILEAGE
I
7-30
BY:
Maintenance Schedule II
60.000 Miles (100 000 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10"F (-1 2" C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warrn up before lubricating themor they
could bedamaged.), steering linkageand transfer case shiftlinkage,
parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at
every oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level andadd fluid as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
0 Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or every 24months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Drain, flush and refill coolingsystem (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). Inspect hoses.Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and
neck. Pressure testthe cooling system and pressure cap. An Emission
Control Service.
0 Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect spark plug wires. An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace air cleaner filter. An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspect fuel cap
gasket for any damage. Replace parts as needed. An Emission Control
Service. T
BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-31
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, balljoints (ball joints should notbe
lubricated unless their temperature 10°F
is (-1 2”C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let themwarrn up before lubricating themor they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for
proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, balljoints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10°F (-1 2°C) or higher. When
the weather is cold, let them warm up before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid
as needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-32
SERVICED B Y
Schedule
Maintenance
II
~
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
Lubricate the frontsuspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless theirtemperature is 10°F (-1 2°C) or higher. When
the weather iscold, let them warmup before lubricating them or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfercase shift linkage,
parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every 12
months, whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle seals for leaking.**
Cl Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection andRotation” in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Lubricate the front suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperature is 10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weather is cold, let them warmup before lubricating themor they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case shift
linkage,
parking brake cable guides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springsat every oil change (or every 12
months ,whichever occurs first).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluidas needed. Check
constant velocityjoints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
0 Inspect engine accessory drive belt (or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
(Continued)
7-33
I Schedule
Maintenance
I
II
(Continued)
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system(or every 24 months, whichever
occurs first). Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and
neck. Pressure test the cooling system and pressure
cap. An Emission
Control Service.
0 Replace sparkplugs. An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect spark plug wires.An Emission Control Service. ?
0 Replace air cleaner filter.An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
damage.
Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. ?
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
I
SERVICED B Y
I
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
0 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 12 months, whichever occurs
first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Lubricate thefront suspension, ball joints (ball joints should not be
lubricated unless their temperature is
10°F (-12°C) or higher. When
the weatheris cold, let themwarm up before lubricating them
or they
could be damaged.), steering linkage and transfer case
shift linkage,
parking brake cableguides, propshaft splines, universal joints, brake
pedal springs, and clutch pedal springs at every
oil change (or every12
months, whichever occursfirst).
0 Check readfront axle fluid level and add fluid as needed. Check
constant velocity joints and axle sealsfor leaking.**
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index
for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
7-34
SERVICED B Y
I Maintenance Schedule II
700,000 Miles (766 000 km)
0 Change automatic transmission fluid andfilter if the vehicle is mainly
driven underone or moreof these conditions:
-
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly
reaches 90 O F (32 C) or higher.
O
-
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found intaxi, police car or delivery service.
you do not useyour vehicle underany of these conditions, the fluid
and filter do not requirechanging.
IJ
Manual transmission fluid doesn’t require change.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
I
SERVICED BY:
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Listed beloware owner checks and services which should be performed
at
the intervals specifiedto help ensure the safety, dependability and emission
control performance of your vehicle.
Be sure any necessary repairs
are completed at once. Whenever any fluids
or lubricants are added to your vehicle, make sure they are the proper
ones,
as shown in Part D.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is importantfor you or a sewice station attendant to perform these
underhood checks at each @el fill.
Engine OilLevel
Check the engine oil level and add the properoil if necessary. See “Engine
Oil” in the Indexfor further details.
7-35
€ngine Coolant Level
Check the engine coolant level and add the proper coolant mix
if necessary.
See “Coolant” in the Indexfor further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield washerand
tank
add theproper fluid if necessary. See “Windshield WasherFluid” in the
Index for further details.
At Least Oncea Month
Tire Inflation
Check tireinflation. Make sure tires are inflated to the pressures specified
on the Certificatioflire label located on the driver’s door lock pillar.
See
“Tires” inthe Index for further details.
Cassette Deck
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning shouldbe done every 50 hours of tape play.
See “Audio Systems” in the Index for further details.
At Least Oncea Year
Key Lock Cylinders
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant specified
PartinD.
Body Lubrication
Lubricate all body door hinges, the body
hood, fuel door and rear
compartment hinges, latches and locks including interior
glove box and
console doors, and any moving seathardware. Lubricate the hood safety
lever pivotand prop rod pivot.Part D tells you what touse. More frequent
lubrication may be required when exposedato
corrosive environment.
7-36
Starter Switch
1. Before you start, be sure youhave enough room around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see“Parking Brake” in the Index
if necessary) and the regular
brake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to turn
off the
engine immediately if it starts.
3. On automatic transmission vehicles, try to start the engine in each gear.
The starter should work onlyin PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). If the
starter worksin any other position, your vehicle needs service.
On manual transmission vehicles, put the shiftlever in NEUTRAL (N),
push the clutch down halfway and
try to startthe engine. The starter
should work only when the clutch is pushed
down all the way to the
floor. If the starter works when the clutch isn’t pushed
all the way
down, your vehicleneeds service.
Steering Column Lock
While parked, and with the parking brakeset, try to turn the key to LOCK
in each shift lever position.
a With an automatic transmission, the keyshould turn to LOCK only
when the shift leveris in PARK (P).
On vehicles witha key releasebutton, try to turn the key to LOCK withou
pressing thebutton. The key should turn to LOCK only with the key but
depressed.
On all vehicles, the key shouldcome out onlyin LOCK.
7-37
Parking Brake and Automatic Transmission PARK
(P)
Mechanism Check
Park on a fairfy steep hill, with the vehicle facing downhill. Keeping
your
foot on the regular brake, set the parking brake.
To check the parking brake:With the engine running and transmission
in NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held
by the parking brake only.
To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability: Shift to
PARK
(P). Then release all brakes.
Lap and Shoulder Belts Condition and Operation
Inspect beltsystem, including: webbing, buckles, latch
plates, retractors,
guide loops and anchors. Have
a belt assembly replacedif the webbing has
been cut or otherwise damaged.
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Listed below are inspections and services which should be performed at
least twicea year (forinstance, each spring andfall). You should let your
GM dealer’s service departmentor other qualified service center
do these
jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are completed at
once.
Steering and Suspension Inspection
Inspect thefront and rear suspension and steering system
for damaged,
loose or missing parts, signs of wear, or lack of lubrication. Inspect power
steering lines and hoses for proper hookup, binding,leaks, cracks, chafing,
etc. (On vehicles equipped with manual steering gear, check
for seal
leakage .) Lubricate the steering linkage.
7-38
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body near theexhaust
system. Lookfor broken, damaged, missing or out-of-position parts as we1
as open seams, holes, loose connections, or other conditions which could
cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could letexhaust fumes into the
vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Accelerator Control System
Lubricate all pivot points with
engine oil, except the TBI throttle shaft.Do
not lubricate the cam pulley. Remove all external deposits
from pulley. Do
not oil any accelerator or cruise control
cables. Replace any cables thathav
high effort or excessive wear.
Drive Axle Service
Check readfront axle fluid level and add as
needed. Check constant veloci
joints and axle sealsfor leaking.
Transfer Case (All- Wheel and
Four- Wheel Drive) Inspection
Every 12 months or atoil change intervals, check front axle and transfer
case and add lubricant when necessary. Check
vent hose at transfer casefor
kinks and proper installation. More frequent lubricationmay be required or
off-road use.
7-39
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below
by name, part number or
specification may be obtained from yourGM dealer.
USAGE
Engine Oil
FLUIDILUBRICANT
Engine Coolant
Mixture of water and a good quality
ethylene glycol base antifreeze or
an approved recycled coolant conforming to GM Specification
6038-M (GM Part No. 1052103).
GM Part No. 3634621 or equivalent.
Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052535 or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
Coolant Supplement
Hydraulic Brake System
Hydraulic Clutch System
Parking Brake Guides
Power Steering System
Manual Transmission
Automatic Transmission
Key Lock Cylinders
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute CertifiedFor Gasoline Engines “Starburst” symbolof
the proper viscosity.To determine
the preferred viscosityfor your vehicle’s engine, see “Engine Oil” in
the Index.
@
Hydraulic Clutch Fluid (GM Part
No. 12345347 or equivalent).
Chassis lubricant (GM PartNo.
1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirementsof NLGI
Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB .
GM Hydraulic Power Steering
Fluid (GM PartNo. 1052884 or
equivalent).
Synchromesh Transmission Fluid
(GM PartNo. 12345349 or equivalent).
[email protected] Automatic Transmission Fluid.
Lubricate with Multi-Purpose Lubricant (GM PartNo. 12345 120) or
synthetic SAE 5W-30 engine oil.
7-40
USAGE
Chassis Lubrication
Front Wheel Bearings
Differential, Standard, Front and
Rear Axle
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Chassis lubricant (GM Part No.
1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirementsof NLGI
Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB .
Wheel bearing lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI Grade 2,
Category GC or GC-LB (GM Part
No. 105 1344or equivalent).
Axle Lubricant (GM PartNo.
1052271) orSAE 8OW-90 GL-5
Gear Lubricant.
Differential, Locking
Axle Lubricant (GMPart No.
1052271) orSAE 8OW-90 GL-5
Gear Lubricant.
Transfer Case
[email protected] Automatic Transmission Fluid.
Chassis lubricant meeting requirements of NLGI Grade 2, Category
LB or GC-LB (GM Part No.
1052497).
GM [email protected] Solvent
(GM Part No. 1051515) or equivalent.
Column Shift
Windshield Washer Solvent
Transfer Case Shift Lever, Propeller Chassis lubricant (GMPart No.
1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant
Shaft Slip Splines and Universal
meeting requirementsof NLGI
Joints
Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB .
Chassis lubricant (GMPart No.
Clutch Pushrodto Fork Joint
1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirementsof NLGI
Grade 2, Category LBor GC-LB.
No.
Constant Velocity Universal Joint Chassis lubricant (GM Part
1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirementsof NLGI
Grade 2, Category LB orGC-LB .
7-41
USAGE
Hood Latch Assembly
a. Pivots and Spring Anchor
b. Release Pawl
FLUIDILUBRICANT
Weatherstrip Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No.12345579 or equivalent).
Gas Line De-Icer (GM Part No.
1051516).
a. Engine oil.
b. Chassis lubricant (GM Part
No.
1052497 or equivalent) or lubricant
meeting requirementsof NLGI
Grade 2, Category LB or GC-LB .
Endgate Mounted Spare Tire Carri- Multi-purpose lubricant meeting
er (If Equipped), Outer Endgate
requirements of GM PartNo.
12345120.
Handle Pivot Points, and Hinges
Gas Line
See “Specifications Chart”in the Index for recommended replacement
filters, valves and spark plugs.
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record date,
the odometer
reading and who performed the service in the boxes provided after the
maintenance interval. Any additional information from “Owner
Checks and
Services” or “Periodic Maintenance” can be added
on the following record
pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.Your owner
information portfoliois a convenient place tostore them.
7-42
I
I
Record Maintenance
I
I
I
TOO01
7-43
I
I
Record Maintenance
TOO01
7-44
Customer Assistance Information
Section
Here you will find out how to contact
Chevrolet if you need assistance.This
section also tellsyou how to obtain service publications and how to report
any safety defects.
This section includes informationon: The Customer Satisfaction Procedure,
Customer Assistance for Hearing orSpeech Impaired, BBB Auto LineAlternative Dispute Resolution Program, Reporting Safety Defects,
Roadside Assistance, and Service Publications.
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your dealer and Chevrolet.
Normally, anyconcern with the sales transaction or the operation
of your
vehicle will be resolved by your dealer’s Sales orService Departments.
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions
of all concerned,
misunderstandings can occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE - Discuss your concern witha member of dealership
management. Normally, concerns can be quickly resolved at that level.
If
the matter has already been reviewed
with the Sales, Service, or Parts
Manager, contact theowner of the dealership orthe General Manager.
8-1
STEP W O - If after contactinga member of dealership management, it
appears your concerncannot be resolvedby the dealership without further
help, contact the Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
by calling
1-800-222-1020. In Canada, contact GM of Canada Customer Assistance
Center in Oshawa by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or
1-800-263-7854 (French).
In Mexico, call (525) 254-3777. In Puerto Rico, call 1-800496-9992
(English) or 1-800496-9993 (Spanish). In the U.S. Virgin Islands, call
1-800-496-9994. In other overseas locations, contactGM North American
Export Sales in Canada by calling 1-905-6444 1 12.
For prompt assistance, please have the following information available to
give theCustomer Assistance Representative:
0
Your name, address, home and business telephone numbers
0
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available from the vehicle
registration or title, or the plate
at the left topof the instrument panel
and visible through the windshield.)
0
Dealership name and location
0
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
0
Nature of concern
We encourage you to call the tollfree number listed previously in order to
give your inquiry prompt attention. However,
if you wish to write
Chevrolet, write to:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer AssistanceCenter
P. 0. Box 7047
Troy, MI 48007-7047
Refer to your Warrantyand Owner Assistance Information booklet for
addresses of Canadian andGM Overseas offices.
When contacting Chevrolet, please remember that your concern will likely
be resolved in the dealership, using the dealership’s facilities, equipment
and personnel.That is why we suggest you follow Step One firstif you have
a concern.
8-2
Customer Assistancefor the Hearingor
Speech Impaired (TDD)
To assist customers who have hearing difficulties, Chevrolet has installed
special TDD (Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf) equipment at its
Customer Assistance Center. Any hearing
or speech impaired customer who
has access to a TDD ora conventional teletypewriter (TTY) can
communicate with Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-TDD-CHEV
(1-800-833-2438). (TDD users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
GM Participation inBBB AUTO LINEAlternative Dispute Resolution Program*
*This program may not be available
in all states, depending on state law.
Canadian owners refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance Informatio
booklet. General Motors reserves the right to change eligibility limitations
and/or to discontinueits participation in this program.
Both Chevrolet and your Chevrolet dealer are committed
to making sure
you are completely satisfiedwith your new vehicle. Our experience has
shown that, if a situation arises where you feel your concern has not been
adequately addressed, the Customer Satisfaction Procedure described earlier
in this section is very successful.
There may be instances wherean impartial third-party can assist in arriving
at a solutionto a disagreement regarding vehicle repairs
or interpretation of
the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. To assist in resolving these
disagreements, Chevrolet voluntarily participates in BBB AUTO LINE.
BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program administered by the Better
Business Bureau systemto settle disputes between customers and
automobile manufacturers. This program is available free of charge to
customers who currently ownor lease a GM vehicle.
If you are not satisfied after following theCustomer Satisfaction Procedure,
you may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone number, or write
them at the following address:
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203
Telephone: 1-800-955-5 100
8-3
To file a claim, you will be asked to provide your name and address, your
Vehicle Identification Number(VIN), and a statement of the natureof your
complaint. Eligibility is limitedby vehicle age and mileage, and other
factors.
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction Procedure before
you resort
to AUTO LINE, but youmay contact the BBB at any time. The BBB will
attempt to resolve thecomplaint serving asan intermediary betweenyou
and Chevrolet. If this mediation is unsuccessful,an informal hearing will be
scheduled where eligible customersmay present their case toan impartial
third-party arbitrator.
The arbitrator will makea decision whichyou'may accept or reject.If you
accept the decision, GM will be bound by that decision. The entire dispute
resolution procedure should ordinarily take about forty days from the time
you file a claim until a decision is made.
Some state lawsmay require you to use this program before filinga claim
with a state-run arbitration program or in the courts. For further
information, contactthe BBB at 1-800-955-5 100 or the Chevrolet
Customer Assistance Center at1-800-222-1020.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO THE
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect which couldcause a crash or
could cause injury or death,you should immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration(NHTSA), in addition to notifying
General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints,it may open an investigation, and if
it finds that a safety defect existsin a group of vehicles, it may order a recall
and remedycampaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer, or General Motors.
To contact NHTSA,you may either call theAuto Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, US.Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety
from the
Hotline.
8-4
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO THE
CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle hasa safety defect,
you should immediately notify Transport Canada, in addition to notifying
General Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Ottawa, Ontario KlG 352.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
GENERAL MOTORS
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in a situation like
this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us. Please callus at 1-800-222-1020,
or write:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.0. Box 7047
Troy, MI 48007-7047
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777
(French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario LlH 8P7
8-5
(English) or 1-800-263-7854
Chevrolet Roadside Assistance Program
To enhance Chevrolet’s strong commitment to customer satisfaction,
Chevrolet is excited to provide the services
of the ChevroletlGeo Roadside
Assistance Center.
24-Hour Roadside AssistanceNumber
Roadside Assistance is available 24 hours
a day, 365 days a year, by calling
1-800-CHEV USA (1-800-243-8872). The call is toll-free and warranty
repairs are covered atno cost. Additional services arrangedby the Roadside
representative may entail charges, and those charges,
if any, will be fully
explained toyou before you authorize us to act in your behalf. Trained
representatives are availableto help you solve your problem or coordinate
a
variety of quality services through Chevrolet’s dealer network and
their
preferred service providers. The following services are available:
Towing
0
Locksmith
0
Tire repair
Rental car or taxi
0
Additional services as necessary
For prompt assistance when calling, please have the following available to
give to the representative:
Vehicle Identification Number
0
License plate number
0
Vehiclecolor
0
Vehiclelocation
Telephone number whereyou can be reached
Vehicle mileage
0
Description of the problem
uanadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive Roadside Assistance
program accessible from anywhere in Canada
or the U.S.A. Please refer to
the separate brochure provided
by the dealeror call 1-800-268-6800 for
emergency services.
8-6
Courtesy Transportation
Chevrolet/Geo offers Courtesy Transportation for customers needing
warranty service. Courtesy Transportation will be offeredin conjunction
with the coverage provided by the BUMPER TO BUMPER New Vehicle
Limited Warranty to retailpurchasers of 1995 Chevrolet/Geopassenger car
and light duty trucks (please
see your selling dealerfor details).
COURTESY TRANSPORTATION INCLUDES:
0
One way SHUTTLE RIDE for any warranty repair completedduring
the same day.
Up to $30 maximum daily VEHICLE RENTALallowance for any
overnight warranty repair up to 5 day,
OR
Up to $30 maximum daily CAB, BUS, or OTHER transportation
allowance in lieu of rental for any overnight warranty repair up 5to
day, OR
Up to $10 daily FUEL allowance for rides provided by another person
(i.e., friend, neighbor, etc.) in lieu of rental for any overnight warranty
repair up to 5 days.
Note: All Courtesy Transportation arrangementswill be administered
by your ChevroletlGeo dealership service management. Claim amoun
should reflect all actual costs.
The Chevrolet/Geo Courtesy Transportation Program is not part of the
BUMPER TO BUMPER New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Chevrolet/Geo reserves the right to make any
changes or discontinue
the Courtesy Transportation Program at anytime without notification.
For additional program details contact your Chevrolet/Geo dealer.
In Canada, please consult yourGM dealer for information on courtesy
transportation.
The Roadside Assistance Center uses companies that will provide you with
quality and priority service. When roadside services
are required, our
advisors will explain anypayment obligations that may be incurred
for
utilizing outside services.
For prompt assistance when calling, please have the
following information
available to give to the advisor:
Vehicle Identification Number
License plate number
Vehiclecolor
Vehiclelocation
Telephone number where you canbe reached
Vehicle mileage
Description of the problem
Service andOwner Publications
Service manuals, service bulletins, owner’s manuals and other service
literature are available for purchase for all current
and many past model
General Motors vehicles.
Toll-free telephone numbers for ordering information:
UnitedStates . . . . . . . . . 1-800-5514123
Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-800-668-5539
Service Manuals
Service manuals contain diagnosis and repair information
for all chassis and
body systems. Theymay be useful for owners who wish to get a greater
understanding of their vehicle. They are also useful
for owners with the
appropriate skill level or trainingwho wish to perform “do-it-yourself’
service. These are authentic General Motors’ service manuals meant
for
professional, qualified technicians.
Service Bulletins
Service bulletins covering various subjects are regularly sentalltoGeneral
Motors dealerships. GM monitors product performancein the field. When
service methods are found which promote better serviceGM
on vehicles,
bulletins are created to help the technician perform better service. Service
bulletins may involve any numberof vehicles. Some will describe
inexpensive service; others will describe expensive service. Some will
advise of new or unexpected conditions, and othersmay help avoid future
costly repairs. Service bulletins are meant for qualified technicians.
In some
cases they refer to service manuals, specialized tools, equipment and safety
procedures necessary to service the vehicle.
Since these bulletinsare issued
throughout the model year and beyond,
an index is required and published
quarterly to help identify specific bulletins. Subscriptions are available.
You
can order an index at the toll-free numbers listed previously,
or ask a GM
dealer to see an index or individual bulletin.
Owner Publications
Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner assistance booklets
provide owners with general operation and maintenance information.
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Index
A
Air Bag (See “Supplemental Inflatable Restraint System (SIR)”)
Readiness Light (See “Lights”)
Accessory Power Outlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-54
Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
Air Conditioning (See “Heater/Air Conditioning Controls”)
All-Wheel Drive (Option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29. 6-20
Antennacare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-19
Anti-Lock Brakes (See “Brakes”)
Appearancecare ................................................ 6-48
Materials Chart ............................................... 6-57
Arbitration Program ( S e e “Better Business Bureau Mediation”)
Audiosystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
AM-FM Stereo Audio Compact Disc (CD)System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
AM-FM Stereo Audio System .................................... 3-6
AM-FM Stereo Audio Cassette System ............................. 3-8
AM-FM Stereo Audio Cassette System with Equalizer ................ 3-10
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player ................................ 3-18
Care of Your Compact Disc ..................................... 3-19
Delco LOC [email protected] Feature ............................... 3-16
Understanding Radio Reception ..................................3-17
Automatic Transmission ( See “Transmission”)
Axle
Front ....................................................... 6-20
Locking ..................................................... 2-24
Rear ........................................................ 6-19
Battery ........................................................
6-30
Belts (See “Safety Belts”)
Better Business Bureau Mediation .................................... 8-3
Blizzard (See “Driving-If You’re Caught ina Blizzard”)
Brakes
6-29
Adjustment ..................................................
Anti-Lock .................................................... 4-6
Anti-Lock Warning Light (See “Lights”)
To Check Brake Fluid ..........................................
6-28
Master Cylinder .............................................. 6-27
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-24
.
PedalTravel ................................................. 6-29
Replacing Parts ...............................................
6-30
System Warning Light (See “Lights”)
Trailer (See “Trailer Brakes”)
Wear .......................................................
6-29
Braking ......................................................... 4-5
InEmergencies ................................................ 4-7
Break-In. New Vehicle ............................................ 2-14
1
Bulb Replacement
CompositeHeadlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-32
Front Park Turn Signal Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-34
Halogen Bulb ................................................
6-32
RearLamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-35
Replacementchart ............................................
6-64
Sealed Beam Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-31
C
CapacitiesandSpecification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-62
Cargocover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-64
Cargo Tie Downs .................................................
2-63
CarbonMonoxide ................................
2-10.2-29.4-34. 4-44
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player (See “Audio Systems”)
640
Catalytic Converter ..............................................
Certificatiomire Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-37
Changing a Flat Tire ..............................................
5-21
Chemical Paint Spotting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-56
Child Restraints (See “Safety Belts”)
CHMSL (Center High Mounted Stop Lamp) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-36
Cigarette LightedAshtrays ......................................... 2-54
Circuit Breakers (See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers”)
Cleaning
Fabricprotection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-51
Finishcare ..................................................
6-54
Glass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
InsideofVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-49
Instrument Panel. Top ..........................................
6-52
Outside of Vehicle .............................................
6-53
Special Problems ..............................................
6-51
VinylorLeather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Weatherslips .................................................
6-53
Wheels and Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Clock. Setting the
Audio System without a Compact Disc (CD) ......................... 3-5
Audio System with Compact Disc (CD) .............................
3-5
Comfort Controls .................................................
3-1
Compass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-59
Console
Centeroverhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
Garage Door Opener Compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-61
ConvenienceNet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-63
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Coolant (See “Engine”)
Cooling System Capacity ..........................................
6-63
Courtesy Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Crankcasecapacity .............................................. 6-63
Cruise Control (Option) ........................................... 2-42
OnHills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 4 6
Passing Another Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
To Erase Speed Memory ........................................
246
ToGetOutOf ................................................ 2 4 6
ToIncreaseSpeed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 4
ToReduceSpeed ..............................................
2-45
2
Cruise Control (continued)
ToResume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 4
ToSet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-43
Cupholder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-56
Customer Assistance for the Hearing or Speech Impaired . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-1
8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure .....................................
Daytime Running Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-49
Differential (See “Axle”)
2-3
Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Child Security Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-6
Lokks ........................................................
2-4
PowerDoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
SideDoors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3
Drive Axle (See “Axle”)
Driving
AtNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-27
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-1
Freeway .....................................................
4-28
Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
HighwayHypnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
In Mud. Sand. Snow. Or Ice ................................
4-22. 5-35
IntheRain ...................................................
4-25
Loss of Control ...............................................
4-11
Nightvision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-24
Off-Road Driving with Your Four-wheel Drive Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Before You Go Off-Roading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
After Off-Road Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-23
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Through Deep Standing Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
DrunkenDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-60
Endgate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Emergency Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
HatchRelease .................................................
2-8
Mounted Spare Tire Carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Engine
Adding Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5- 13. 6-23
Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-13
Coolant Heater ......................................
2-18.3-2. 6-13
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-21
Coolant Temperature Gage (See “Gages”)
Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28
3
Engine (continued)
FanNoise ...................................................
Identification .......................................
6-58.6-59.
Oil (See “Oil”)
Overheating ..................................................
RunningWhileParked .........................................
Starting .....................................................
ExhaustSystem ..................................................
5-20
6-62
.
l
5-13
2-28
2-16
6-40
F .
Filter Replacement Chart (See “Service-Replacement Parts and Filter
Recommendations”)
FluidLeakCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-31
Fluids (See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”)
Four-wheel Drive ..........................................
2.30.6-20
2-30
Manual Transfer Case ..........................................
Electronic Transfer Case ........................................
2-32
Fuel
FillingYourTank ..............................................
6-5
ForeignCountries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 4
Gage (See “Gages”)
Gasolines for Cleaner Air ....................................... :6-4
Tank Capacity .................................................
6-63
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ...................................
6-60, 6-66
FuseBlock ..................................................
6-61
.
G
Gages
2-77
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ................................
FuelGage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-78
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
Oil Pressure Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-77
Speedometer ................................................. 2-66
Tachometer ..................................................
2-67
247
Trip Odometer ................................................
2-79
Voltmeter ....................................................
H
Halogen Bulbs (See “Bulb Replacement”)
Hazard W q i n g Flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Head Restraints (See “Seats”)
Headlamps
Replacement (See “Bulb Replacement”)
High Beam Indicator Light (See “Lights”)
. High-LowBeamChanger ................................. 2-39.2-76
249
Reminder ....................................................
Heater/Air Conditioning Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Refrigerant Capacity ............................................6-71
Highway Hypnosis (See “Driving-Highway Hypnosis”)
Hitches (See “Towing a Trailer”)
4
Hood
Checking Under. Hood Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-36
HydraulicClutch ................................................
6-18
Hydroplaning (See “Driving in the Rain”)
I
If You’re Stuck in Sand. Mud. Ice. or Snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ignitionswitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inflation-Tire Pressure ( See “Tires”)
InstrumentCluster ...............................................
InstrumentPanel ................................................
5-35
2-14
2-65
2-65
J
Jacking Equipment Storage
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . .
........................................
.......................................
5-22
5-3
K
Key Release Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-16
KeylessEntrySystem .............................................
2-6
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-1
L
Labels
CertificatiodTire ..............................................
4-37
Lamps
Bulb Replacement .............................................
6-31
Domes ......................................................
2-50
FogLamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
Front Parkingmum Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-34
Headlights (See “Headlamps”)
6-64
Lamp and Bulb Data ...........................................
Operation of Lighting System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-38
Overhead Console Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
RearLamps ..................................................
6-35
Lights
Air Bag Readiness Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-69
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light ...........................
2-71
BrakeSystemLight ............................................
2-70
Charging System Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-74
CheckGagesLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-74
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) Light .............................
2-75
Headlamp High Beam Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-76
Headlights (See “Headlamps”)
Malfunction Indicator .....................................
2-72. 6 4 1
Safety Belt Reminder Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-69
Service Engine Soon (See “Malfunction Indicator”)
ShiftLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-23. 2-75
Turn Signal and Lane Change Light ...............................
2-76
5
LoadingYourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-37
Add-onEquipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Off-RoadDriving .............................................
4-13
Payload .....................................................
4-39
TraileringPackage ............................................
4-39
Loss of Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-11
Lubrication (See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”)
Luggage Carrier (Option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-79
M
Maintenance (See “Scheduled MaintenanceServices”)
Master Cylinder (See “Brakes”)
Mirrors
ConvexOutside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vanity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MultifunctionLever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-53
2-51
2-52
2-53
2-37
OBDII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-72
Odometer (See “Gages”)
Off-Road Driving (See “Driving”)
4-9
Off-RoadRecovery ...............................................
Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-8
Additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-12
Four-wheel Drive Remote Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-13
Pressure Gage (See “Gages”)
ToCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
WhatKindtoUse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
.
WhentoAdd ..................................................
6-9
Whentochange ..............................................
6-12
What to Do with Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-13
.
OwnerChecksandServices ........................................
7-35
P
Parking
Brake ( See “Brakes-Parking”)
OverThingsThatBurn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-27
Your Vehicle (Manual Transmission) ..............................
2-27
Passing (See “Driving-Passing”)
Payload (See “Loading Your Vehicle”)
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-38
Power
Door Locks ( See “Doors”)
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
SteeringFluid ................................................
6-25
Winches (See “Winches”)
6
Radiator Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-24
Radio (See “Audio Systems”)
Rear Axle (See “Axle”)
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides (See “Safety Belts”)
3-3
Rear Window Defogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
740
RecoveryHooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-36
6-62
ReplacementParts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reporting Safety Defects To The United States Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Roadside Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-6
RockingYourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-36
S
SafetyBelts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-7
Center Front Passenger Position (&Door Model) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
1-29
Center Rear Passenger Position (4-Door Models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-52
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking Restraint System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
140
Child Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-32
Center Seat Position (&Door Models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-35
1-38
LargerChildren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
...................................
1-33
RearOutsideSeatPosition
1-36
Right Front Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TopStrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-32
Where to Put the Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-32
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-30
DriverPosition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-11
1-40
Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LapBelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
Properwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-11
1-10
Questions & Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-27
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RearSeatPassengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-24
Reminder Light (See “Lights”)
1-40
Replacing Seat and Restraint Parts After a Crash .....................
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-22
1-22
UseDuringPregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-8
Why Safety Belts Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Chains (See “Towing a Trailer”)
Safety Defects
8-5
Reporting Safety Defects to Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors .........................
8-5
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States ........................
8-4
SafetyWarningsandSymbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
iv
Scheduled Maintenance Services
Maintenance Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-42
Maintenance Schedule I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-6
MaintenanceSchedulen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-26
PeriodicMaintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-38
7-40
Recommended: Fluids and Lubricants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting the Right Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-3
Using Your Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-3
7
Seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
Easy Entry Seat (2-Door Models)
.................................
1-6
Front Seatback Latches (2-Door Models)
...........................
1-5
Head Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6
Manual Front Seat (Easy Entry) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
Manual Front Seat (Except Easy Entry) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
Power Driver’s Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
Power Lumbar Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
RearFoldingSeat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-7
RecliningFrontSeatbacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4
SeatbackLatches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
Service
Bulletins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-8
Doing Your Own Service Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-2
Parts Identification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-60
Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-8
Replacement Parts and Filter Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-70
Service Engine Soon Light (See “Lights”)
Shift Indicator Light (See “Lights”)
2-25
Shifting Into Park (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speedometer and Odometer (See “Gages”)
StartingYourEngine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-16
4-7
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
In Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - 1 . . . . . . . 4-8
Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7
2-56
Storage Compartments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-56
Coinholder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-53
Sunvisors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint System (SIR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-17
Adding Equipment to Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
How the Air Bag System Works. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-18
1-21
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
T
Tachometer (See “Gages”)
TemperatureDisplay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TiltWheel(Option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Balancing (See “Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance”)
Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flat (See “Changing a Flat Tire”)
Inspection and Rotation- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spare (See “Spare Tire”)
Underbodycarrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uniform Tire Quality Grading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Top Strap (See “Safety Belts-Child Restraints”)
TorqueLock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
2-59
2-13
6-24
2-36
6-41
6-48
6-43
6-44
6-41
5-25
6-45
2-26
Towing
ATrailer .................................................... 4-40
Driving on Grades ..........................................
4-45
Driving with a Trailer .......................................
4-44
ParkingonHills ............................................ 4-46
Passing ................................................... 4-45
SafetyChains .............................................. 4-43
Hitches ..................................................... 4-42
Recreational Vehicle ...........................................
4-36
TowingYourVehicle ..............................................
5-7
Trailer
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-43
Wiring Harness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-81. 6-61
Trailering Package ( See “Loading Your Vehicle”)
Transfercase ................................................... 6-20
Electronic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-32
Manual .....................................................
2-30
Transmission
Automatic ...................................................
2-19
When to Check and Change Fluid ..............................
6-14
HowToCheck .............................................
6-14
How To Add .................................................
6-17
Five-SpeedManual ...........................................
2-22
When to Check .............................................
6-17
How To Check .............................................
6-17
How To Add ...............................................
6-18
*
Shift Light ( See “Lights”)
Torque Lock (Automatic Transmission) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
Trip Odometer( See “Gages”)
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-37
V
Vehicle
Damagewarnings ................................................
v
Identification Number .....................................
6-58. 6-59
Loading ( See “Loading Your Vehicle”)
Storage ...................................................... .6-30
....
Symbols ................................................
vi, vu, vm
Ventilationsystem ................................................
3-4
Tips .........................................................
3-4
Voltmeter ( See “Gages”)
W
Warning
Devices. Other ................................................5-2
Hazard .........................................................
5-2
Lights and Indicators ...........................................
2-68
9
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance .....................................
Aluminum ...................................................
Hub Caps and Wheel Nut Caps ..................................
NutTorque ..................................................
Replacement .................................................
UsedReplacement ............................................
Winches .......................................................
Windows ......................................................
Swing-Out Windows (2-Door Only) ..............................
Windshield
Rear Wiper Blade Replacement ..................................
Rearwipermasher ............................................
Washer ......................................................
WasherFluid .................................................
Wiper .......................................................
WiperBladeChatter ...........................................
Wiper Blade Cleaning ..........................................
WiperBladeReplacement .......................................
10
6-46
6-55
5-28
6-63
646
6-47
4-35
2-34
2-35
6-39
241
2-40
6-26
2-39
6-53
6-53
6-36
C9511
/
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