Alesis ProLinear DSP Specifications

Alesis ProLinear DSP Specifications
Reference Manual
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Table Of Contents
Welcome!...................................................................................................... 3
About the ProLinear DSP.................................................4
DSP Control................................................................................................ 4
PC Integration............................................................................................. 4
Key features of the ProLinear DSP......................................................... 4
How to Use This Manual ...................................................5
Chapter 1: Getting Started............................................................ 7
A Tour of the Rear Panel .......................................................................... 7
Connecting the ProLinear DSP.......................................8
Connecting ProLinear DSP speakers....................................................... 8
Connecting the ProLinear DSP to a PC ................................................. 9
Installing the software ......................................................9
Installation procedure ................................................................................ 10
Chapter 2: Operations.................................................................... 13
The Front Panel .......................................................................................... 13
Operational Overview .......................................................14
Description of Modes................................................................................ 15
Program Mode ............................................................................................ 15
Channel Mode ............................................................................................. 17
Edit Mode .................................................................................................... 18
Save Mode.................................................................................................... 20
Input Level Mode ....................................................................................... 21
Chapter 3: Using the Software ..................................................... 23
Overview...................................................................................................... 23
Navigating the Software............................................................................. 24
The Program Edit window ...............................................25
Editing the Program Curve....................................................................... 26
Saving Equalizer Settings........................................................................... 28
Loading Equalizer Settings........................................................................ 28
Equalizer Workspaces ................................................................................ 29
Working with Channels.....................................................30
Selecting a Channel..................................................................................... 30
Channel Settings ......................................................................................... 30
Global Controls .......................................................................................... 31
Program Names/Notes .......................................................31
Changing Settings ....................................................................................... 32
Chapter 4: Frequently Asked Questions.................................... 35
Basic FAQs .................................................................................................. 35
Voicing and EQ FAQs............................................................................... 37
Chapter 5: Specifications .............................................................. 39
Inputs............................................................................................................ 39
Output .......................................................................................................... 39
Power Requirements................................................................................... 39
Environmental Requirements ................................................................... 39
Cabling Requirements ................................................................................ 39
1
Table Of Contents
Mechanical ................................................................................................... 39
Chapter 6: Troubleshooting.......................................................... 41
Appendix ........................................................................................... 43
Preset and User Programs ......................................................................... 43
Index ................................................................................................. 45
Alesis Contact Information....................................................................... 48
2
Introduction
Welcome!
Thank you for making the Alesis ProLinear DSP a part of
your studio. Since 1984, we've been designing and building
creative tools for the audio community. We believe in our
products, because we've heard the results that creative
people like you have achieved with them. One of Alesis'
goals is to make high-quality studio equipment available to
everyone, and this Reference Manual is an important part of
that. After all, there's no point in making equipment with all
kinds of capabilities if no one explains how to use them.
So, we try to write our manuals as carefully as we build our
products.
For more effective
service and product
update notices, please
register your
ProLinear DSP online
at:
http://www.alesis.com/
support/warranty.htm
The goal of this manual is to get you the information you
need as quickly as possible, with a minimum of hassle. We
hope we've achieved that. If not, please drop us an email
and give us your suggestions on how we could improve
future editions of this manual.
We hope your investment will bring you many years of
creative enjoyment and help you achieve your goals.
Sincerely,
The people of Alesis
3
Introduction
About the ProLinear DSP
The ProLinear DSP is a powered two-way speaker that offers
the following features:
• Increased bass frequency range with more accurate
response
• Increased Sound Pressure Level (SPL) capacity
• Lower distortion
• Smoother frequency response
• Single Speaker Configuration – there’s no difference
between left and right cabinets, so place them in
either location
DSP Control
The ProLinear DSP’s Integrated DSP Module controls the
equalization and output level of the speaker. There are two
ways to access this control: through the front panel buttons
and LCD, or from your PC via the supplied software and the
serial port on the rear panel of the speaker.
PC Integration
Through a standard 9-pin PC serial port on the back of the
ProLinear DSP, you can connect your speaker to your
Windows-based personal computer. Your PC and the Alesis
ProLinear DSP software provide you unparalleled flexibility in
creating, saving, and managing specific equalization programs
and configurations, which you may then recall without ever
having to touch the speaker.
Key features of the ProLinear DSP
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
4
Bi-amplified near-field reference monitor providing
approximately 120 watts
Integrated DSP Module with 24 bit processing for
precise driver crossover and smooth response
4-Band Parametric EQ with shelving and high pass
filtering options
Ability to control individual speakers or groups of
speakers via the 9-pin RS-232 port
Input level potentiometer with 1/4" TRS/XLR
combination connector that supports levels from +4
dBu to –10dBv
Internal universal 110v/220v power supply
8 preset programs
8 user-definable programs
Introduction
How to Use This Manual
This manual is divided into the following sections describing
the various functions and applications for the ProLinear DSP.
While it's a good idea to read through the entire manual once
carefully, those having general knowledge about studio
equipment should use the Table of Contents or the Index to
look up specific functions.
Chapter 1: Getting Started. Whether you are an experienced
studio technician or a practicing musician, these simple
diagrams and explanations can help you quickly get your
ProLinear DSP connected to a line level output source (e.g.,
mixer) and/or your PC.
Chapter 2: Operations gives you detailed instructions for
operating the ProLinear DSP from the front panel.
Chapter 3: Using the Software provides a detailed, step-by-step
how-to for operating the ProLinear DSP through the included
PC software (note: this can only be accomplished if the
speaker is attached to a Windows-based computer through the
9-pin serial port).
Helpful tips and advice are
highlighted in a shaded box
like this.
When something important
appears in the manual, an
exclamation mark (like the
one shown at left) will appear
with some explanatory text.
This symbol indicates that
this information is vital when
operating the ProLinear
DSP.
Chapter 4: Frequently Asked Questions covers many of the
important and practical questions about how to set up and use
the speakers.
Chapter 5: Specifications lists important technical features and
environmental requirements of the ProLinear DSP.
Chapter 6: Troubleshooting gives you some of the more common
problems and solutions.
The Appendix contains descriptions of the EQ curves used in
the Preset and User Programs.
At the end of the manual we have included an Index, which
will help you locate specific information.
5
Introduction
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6
1 Getting Started
A Tour of the Rear Panel
Input Level
XLR/TRS
Audio Input
Serial Input
(from other
speaker or
computer)
Serial Output
(to another
speaker)
IEC Power
Connector
Power Switch
The rear panel of the ProLinear DSP contains the following:
•
•
•
•
•
Input Level control—to adjust the strength of the signal coming
into the speaker. This allows all types of audio sources to be
used, from stand-alone CD players to professional mixers.
Power switch—turns the ProLinear DSP off or on
Female XLR and 1/4" TRS balanced combination
When the speaker is
powered on, there is a delay
input connector
of about 4 seconds before
Two Data Link 9-pin RS-232 serial ports:
the speaker begins operating
o One female “in” port for connecting to a
while the unit performs its
initialization and self-test
PC or another speaker
procedures.
o One male “out” port for connecting two
or more ProLinear DSP speakers
IEC power connector to provide power from a
100-230v, 50-60 Hz A/C power source
7
1
Getting Started
Connecting the ProLinear DSP
The ProLinear DSP has two primary back-panel connector
types:
•
•
A combination XLR and 1/4" TRS balanced input
for connection to a mixer or any other line-level
output source
Two 9-pin RS-232 jacks, one female and the other
male, for connection to a PC and/or another
speaker.
MIXER, ETC.
PC
Serial Port
ProLinear DSP
ProLinear DSP
ProLinear DSP
Line
Input
Line
Input
Line
Input
IN OUT
IN OUT
IN OUT
ProLinear DSP Connection Example
Audio connections
Connect each speaker to the appropriate output jack on a
mixer or any other line-level output source. If your mixer
supports the 5.1 Surround format, you will connect five
ProLinear DSP speakers—one speaker for each channel,
connected from the appropriate “out” on your line-level
output source to the line input on each speaker.
The serial ports of the
speakers may be connected
in any order.
Connecting ProLinear DSP speakers
You may connect up to sixteen ProLinear DSP speakers
by the RS-232 inputs and outputs. Simply attach a 9-pin
RS-232 male/female cable from the Data Link “out”
port on one speaker to the Data Link “in” port on the
other. Linking speakers in this way allows for increased
control and flexibility, as you can set up matching curves
very quickly.
8
The speakers must be on the
same Channel to allow them
to be controlled as a group.
See the section “Channel
Mode” on page 17 for more
information about changing
speaker channels.
Getting Started
1
Connecting the ProLinear DSP to a PC
Attach the male end of a standard 9-pin, PC serial cable to the
Data Link “in” port on the back of the ProLinear DSP. Attach
the other end to one of the serial ports on your computer.
In order for the ProLinear DSP to communicate properly with
your PC, the software on the included CD-ROM must be
installed and then the set to the proper communication
channel. Instructions on installing the software begin in the
next section. Also, you may want to refer to the section
“Changing the COM Port Number” on page 33.
PC
Serial Port
ProLinear DSP
ProLinear DSP
ProLinear DSP
Line
Input
Line
Input
Line
Input
IN OUT
IN OUT
IN OUT
Serial Port Connection Diagram
Installing the software
The ProLinear DSP software is a standard Windows-based
application that works with Windows 95, 98, ME, 2000, and
XP. A CD is included that will install the software onto your
computer. Chapter 3 explains how to use the software.
System Requirements
In order to run the software, your PC will need to meet the
following minimum requirements:
• 7MB of hard disk space
• 32MB of RAM
• 1 Com Port for serial interface
• Windows 98/ME/NT/2000/XP
9
1
Getting Started
Installation procedure
10
•
Insert the included CD-ROM. It should start itself,
but it’s possible you may have to double-click on
the setup.exe filename located on the CD-ROM.
This will bring up the ProLinear DSP Install
Wizard.
•
Click the Next button to continue. This will bring
up the License Agreement window. Read the
license agreement and click Yes to accept the
terms.
Getting Started
•
•
•
1
After the licensing agreement, you need to enter
the user information. It is possible to specify
whether the software may be used by anyone who
uses the computer, or just you.
When finished, click the Next button to continue.
The next step in the installation process is to select a
location for installation. Although the software suggests a
default location, you can specify another location by
clicking the Browse button. Once you are satisfied with
the location, click the Next button to continue. This will
bring up the Select a Program Folder window.
11
1
12
Getting Started
•
The Select Program Folder window provides you the
option of specifying the Program Group in which the Alesis
ProLinear DSP icons will be available. Again, the software
suggests an appropriate group. If you wish to use an existing
group, simply browse the list and select it with your mouse.
Otherwise, type in a new Program Group name. Once you
are satisfied, click the Next button to continue.
•
After specifying the Program Group, the software will install
application files into the appropriate folders on your hard
drive. The Progress bar will indicate what has been
accomplished and what remains to be installed.
•
Finally, upon completion, the Installation Wizard displays
the InstallShield Wizard Complete window. This window
informs you if everything has gone well with installation. If
so, click the Finish button to exit the Wizard.
2 Operations
The Front Panel
The ProLinear DSP front panel contains a Liquid Crystal Display
(LCD) and six buttons that serve different functions within each
mode of operation.
Program/Value Up
Volume/Parameter Up
Page
Save/Band
LCD
FREQ
kHz
BAND
Program/Value Down
Volume/Parameter Down
The ProLinear DSP Front Panel
The display shows different combinations of text and
numbers depending on the parameter being edited. The
information displayed includes:
•
the Program number and Bank (User or Preset) of
the current EQ curve
• the boost/cut amount for the selected EQ band
(Gain), and
• the Channel to which the ProLinear DSP is
assigned.
Accompanying each value will be its unit of measurement,
when applicable (Hz, kHz, or dB).
When the LCD flashes…
Occasionally the LCD backlight will flash. This happens to alert you
to one of two conditions:
•
•
An edit affected another speaker on the same Channel.
When two or more ProLinear DSP speakers are set to the
same Channel, an edit performed on the first speaker will
“propagate” to all the speakers that follow. When this
happens, the backlights on the “slave” speaker LCDs will
flash.
The signal is clipping. If the Input Level control is set too
high, the incoming signal can cause the speaker amplifier
to clip. In this case, the LCD backlight will flash red.
The buttons access and modify speaker parameters and functions.
We will detail their operation within each Mode as it is discussed.
13
2
Operations
Operational Overview
The ProLinear DSP offers three methods of control:
•
•
•
the front panel buttons and LCD
the PC software
the Input Level control on the rear panel
Through these controls the following functions are managed:
•
Volume
•
Parametric EQ
•
•
Frequency
Gain
Q
Speaker ID/Channel assignment
Input Level monitoring
Volume
Volume is controlled in two ways: by the rear panel Input
Level control and by the Gain Trim parameter accessed from
the front panel (see the Program Mode description in this
section).
The Input Level control adjusts the signal level going into the
Integrated DSP Module. Setting this too high could result in
distortion, and setting it too low could result in unnecessary
noise or loss of resolution.
The Gain Trim parameter adjusts the output gain from
the Integrated DSP Module into the amplifiers, and can
be adjusted within a range of -18dB to +17dB. The
same care must be taken when setting this level so as to
avoid distortion and noise.
Parametric EQ
The ProLinear DSP has a four-band parametric equalizer
that allows a great deal of flexibility in “voicing” the speaker
(setting its tonal balance). Each of the four bands of the
equalizer consists of three settings: frequency, gain and Q.
• Frequencies can be set in 1/6th octave increments
within a range of 20Hz-20kHz.
• Gain adjustments may be made for each band within
a range of –12dB to +6dB. The changes from -10 dB
to +6dB are made in 0.1dB increments, while the
changes from –12dB to -10dB are measured in 1 dB
increments.
• Q values (the frequency range covered by a band)
range from 0.25 to 4.00 octaves. It is possible to
manually select Q values of HSH (high shelving),
LSH (low shelving) HP (high-pass filter). For
definitions of these settings, see page 27.
14
Note: For proper gain
staging, the lowest possible
noise floor, and the most
accurate representation of
the signal, we recommend
the volume be adjusted by
the rear panel control. Use
the Gain Trim feature only
as a temporary measure.
Operations
2
Speaker ID/Channel assignment
This parameter allows you to assign the speaker to a particular
Channel. If all speakers are on separate Channels, a PC can
control them independently. If two or more speakers share a
Channel, they constitute a “group” of speakers and can be
controlled simultaneously with a single command.
Input Level monitoring
This feature allows the user to monitor the input level to the
Integrated DSP Module in real-time. It is extremely useful
when calibrating two or more speakers so their input levels
match.
Description of Modes
Power Up the ProLinear DSP
At startup, the speaker shows the letters dSP in the display.
After this, the version number of the software is shown
briefly. The speaker then goes into normal operation.
From this point on the ProLinear DSP will operate within
one of the following modes:
• Program mode allows you to select one of the
eight preset or eight user-defined programs. It has a
sub-mode where the Gain Trim is set.
• Channel mode gives you the ability to change the
speaker’s current Channel, or Speaker ID number.
• Edit mode is where all of the equalization curves
are created.
• Save mode allows you to save the new EQ settings
to a user-defined program.
• Input Level mode enables you to monitor the level
of the input signal.
A description of each of these modes is on the following
pages.
Note: When the speaker is
first turned on, it goes
through an initialization
process that lasts roughly
four seconds. The display
will remain blank until the
initialization process is
complete.
Program Mode
When the ProLinear DSP is first powered up, it displays its
“top-level” screen: Program mode. From here you may select
one of the eight preset or eight user-defined programs. It is
also where you will find the Gain Trim parameter, which
is discussed on the next page.
When the speaker is in Program mode the word Program
will be lit on the LCD screen, along with the Bank
indicator (either Preset or User). The number in the display
indicates which Program is currently selected.
Program mode is the default mode for the ProLinear DSP.
The unit will return to this mode from any mode after 30
seconds of inactivity, with the exception of Input Level mode.
Warning: After you make an
edit to a Program, you must
save those changes to one of
the User Program locations.
If you change programs
before you do, the edits you
have made will be lost. For
information on how to save
an edited Program, see the
description of Save mode on
page 20.
15
2
Operations
Program Up
There are two buttons that are used in selecting a new
Program:
•
•
Program Up advances to the next Program. It
also changes the Program of any other speaker on
the same Channel.
Program Down selects the previous
Program Down
Program. It also changes the Program of
any other speaker on the same Channel.
Pressing the Program Up and Program Down buttons at
the same time while in Program mode will take the unit
back to Preset Program 1.
This is known as the “doublebutton reset” trick. Use it to
reset nearly any parameter to
its default value.
The ProLinear DSP will remember which Program was last
selected when the unit was turned off and recall it when the
unit is turned on again.
Setting the Gain Trim
Within Program Mode you can also change the Gain Trim
setting. This parameter controls the level after the EQ
settings as the signal heads into the speaker’s amplifiers. It
will raise or lower the speaker’s volume, and will do the
same for every speaker that is set to the same Channel
(see Channel Mode on the next page).
From Program mode, the first press of one of the Volume
Up/Down buttons calls up the Gain Trim parameter. The
screen will look like this:
Remember: use the rear
panel Input Level control
instead of the Gain Trim to
set the proper volume, as it
will yield optimal signal to
noise performance. Use the
Gain Trim feature only as a
temporary measure.
Gain Trim Up
Gain Trim value
Gain Trim edit indicator
Gain Trim Down
The Gain Trim adjustment range is from - 18dB to +17 dB.
The changes from -10dB to +10dB are made in 0.1dB
increments, while the changes from -18dB to -10dB and
from +10dB to +17 dB are measured in 1dB increments.
Holding one of the Gain Trim buttons will cause the values
to scroll quickly.
Like the Program number, the Gain Trim setting is also
remembered when the speaker is turned off. When it is
turned on again, this parameter will be set to the selected value
automatically.
16
Remember the “doublebutton reset” trick: pressing
the Value Up/Down buttons
at the same time will reset
the Gain Trim value to its
default.
Operations
2
Channel Mode
What are Channels?
When two or more ProLinear DSP speakers are connected
through their serial ports, it is possible to control them
independently or as a group (or as several groups). This is
achieved by assigning each speaker to one of the sixteen
available Channels.
A Channel is an Identification Number (ID) that uniquely
identifies a speaker or a group of speakers, so that sending
commands to one Channel modifies only the speakers that
are set to that Channel.
For example, let’s say you have a setup of four ProLinear
DSP speakers. Due to the acoustic properties of the room,
the first two speakers need to have one EQ curve while the
last two speakers need a completely different curve. One
way to handle this is to assign the first two speakers to
Channel 1 and the second two speakers to Channel 2. Using
your PC and the included software, you will be able to
modify the speaker pairs individually.
For most two- to six-speaker setups, the user may want to set
all channels to “1”, for example, to allow all the speakers to be
controlled as a single system.
Remember: there is a
distinction between the term
“Channel” when it refers to
Channel mode in the
ProLinear DSP, and the term
“channel” as it applies to the
audio being sent into the
ProLinear DSP. It is likely
that two speakers on the same
Channel mode Channel will
be processing different audio
channels from the mixer or
other audio source.
Channel Up
Press
Together
To modify the ProLinear DSP’s Channel setting:
1.
2.
3.
Press the Save and Page buttons simultaneously
to enter Channel mode.
Use the Up/Down buttons in the “Program”
column to adjust the Channel number.
Press the Page button three times to exit Channel
mode and return the speaker to Program mode.
Channel Down
Here is an example of how the Channel Select screen
might appear:
Remember the “doublebutton reset” trick: pressing
the Channel Up/Down
buttons at the same time will
reset the Channel value to its
default (Channel 1).
17
2
Operations
Edit Mode
Edit mode is at the core of the ProLinear DSP’s features.
This is what allows you to adjust the EQ curve parameters
such as Frequency, Gain, and Q. After you have created the
EQ curve you want, these settings can then be saved to one
of the eight User Program locations.
How it works
When you select a Program, a copy of that Program is
made into a temporary location called the “Edit buffer.”
This is where the edits actually take place. If you do not
save the edits you have made before selecting another
Program, the original Program will not be affected. Therefore,
you should be sure to save any edits you want to keep before
selecting another Program! See page 20 for a description of
how to use Save mode.
To edit the EQ parameters, use the Band, Parameter and Value
buttons. Their labels are in blue text next to the buttons.
Here’s the procedure:
The edited Program will be
retained when the speaker is
powered down, even if it has
not been stored to a User
Program location. When the
speaker is powered up, these
custom settings will be
restored. However, if you
select another Program, the
edited Program will be lost.
Next Parameter
(Up Button)
Value Up
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the Page button to enter Edit mode.
Use the Parameter Up/Down buttons to move
between the three parameters for the selected
band.
Use the Value Up/Down buttons to change the
value of the selected parameter. Press them both
at once to reset the value to its default.
Press the Band button to select the next EQ band
you would like to edit, and repeat steps 2 and 3.
Press the Page button to return to Program mode.
Below is an example of what the display might look like in
Edit mode:
Value Down
Enter Edit
Change Band
Previous Parameter
(Down Button)
Frequency Value
Indicates the
Band being
edited
”FREQ,” “Q,” or “GAIN” will be lit
After 30 seconds of
inactivity, the ProLinear
DSP will automatically exit
to Program Mode.
18
Operations
Editing an EQ Curve
Once you are in Edit mode, there are three EQ parameters
available. Use the Parameter Up/Down buttons to select the
one you want to edit, and then use the Value Up/Down
buttons to make an adjustment:
•
Frequency—select a value between 20Hz and
20Khz.
•
Gain—select a value between -12dB and +6.0dB.
2
After you make an edit to a
Program, you must save
those changes to one of the
User Program locations. If
you select another Program
before you do, your edited
Program will be lost. For
information on how to save
an edited Program, see the
description of Save mode on
page 20.
Gain Value
TIP: To disable an EQ band,
set its GAIN value to 0 and its
Q to anything but HP.
•
Q—select a value between 0.25 and 4.0 octaves. If
the Value Down button is held, the values will
“race” downward to 0.25 and stop. However, there
are three more values which are accessed by
additional presses of the Value Down button: HSH
(high shelving), LSH (low shelving) HP (high-pass
filter). For definitions of these settings, see page
27.
Q Value
Note: if a Q value of HP is
selected, the Gain parameter
is not available.
Remember the “doublebutton reset” trick: pressing
the Value Up/Down buttons
at the same time will reset the
selected value to its default.
The Band button
Press the Band button to select which of the four Bands will
be edited. Each has its own Frequency, Gain, and Q
parameter.
To exit Edit mode, hit the Page button twice. Keep in mind
that any changes that were made will be lost if another
Program is selected before the edited Program has been saved.
The Band button
19
2
Operations
Save Mode
Program Up
Exit Save Mode
Save mode allows you to preserve the changes you have made
to the EQ curve by saving it to one of the eight User Program
locations.
To enter Save mode, press the Save button. The Program
number will begin to flash. From this point:
•
•
•
20
The Value Up/Down buttons select the User
Program location into which the edited Program
will be saved.
Pressing the Page button will exit Save mode
without saving the Program and take the
speaker to Program mode.
Pressing the Save button again will save the
edited Program to the selected User program
location, and then returns the speaker to
Program mode. Any speaker on the same
Channel will also save the edited Program to its
User bank. As the Program is being saved, the
SAVED icon on the display will illuminate for
about two seconds.
Program Down
Save Settings
If you attempt to store a
Program to a Preset
Program location, the
ProLinear DSP will
automatically store the
Program to the same
number location in the User
bank.
Operations
2
Input Level Mode
The ProLinear DSP has an extremely useful feature called
Input Level mode that can help you optimize the speaker’s
performance. This mode allows you to measure the level of
the incoming signal, which in turn makes it possible to adjust
the rear panel Input Level control to its ideal position.
In addition to allowing you to achieve maximum signal
integrity for an individual speaker, Input Level mode can also
be used:
1. To be certain that all ProLinear DSP speakers in the
system are at the same level, and
2. To be certain all speakers are operating at an optimal
signal-to-noise ratio (SNR).
To optimize your setup, you need to send a constant, steady
signal to the ProLinear DSP speaker. Most audio engineers
would send the unit pink noise, white noise or a sine wave. We
recommend that you purchase a reference CD containing
these and other signals commonly used for level calibration.
It’s very difficult to calibrate any professional audio device
using regular music or program material.
To use Input Level mode:
•
Starting from within Program mode, press and hold
the Page button for three seconds. The following
display is an example of what may be shown:
•
Once this display is showing, reach around to the
back of the ProLinear DSP and set the Input
Level control to its minimum position.
•
Select a test tone that has a level very close to 0dB
on the CD player and send it to the speaker.
•
Slowly increase the Input Level control until the
display reads -10dB.
Hold for three
seconds
To exit Input Level mode, hit the Page button again.
21
2
Operations
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22
3 Using the Software
The ProLinear DSP Windows application lets you easily
control and configure your ProLinear DSP speakers through a
standard 9-pin RS-232 serial connection. You can then apply
these settings to one of eight available user-defined programs.
Overview
There are two main levels of control in the PC software: the
Channel level and the Program level. At the Channel level
you may select which Channel the software is displaying,
what Program is on each Channel, and what the Gain Trim
setting is for each Channel. Once you have a configuration
of EQ curves and Channels you would like to keep, you may
save them as a “Workspace” for later recall.
At the Program level, you may adjust the equalizer
parameters (Frequency, Q, and Gain) and then save the
curve to one of the eight User Program locations within the
speaker and within the Workspace at the same time. You can
also store a name with each EQ curve as well as a set of
notes with the User bank you have assembled.
Remember, a Channel may
consist of one speaker or a
group of speakers with the
same Channel setting.
The Curve Name is only
viewable in the PC software.
Here is an example of the main software screen:
23
3
Using the Software
Navigating the Software
The features of the software are accessed in three ways:
•
The pull-down menu at the top of the main window,
which gives access to the housekeeping features
common to most Windows applications, such as file
saving and opening, plus cut/copy/paste of EQ
settings, and pull-down access to most of the
features found elsewhere in the main window. Also
found here are configuration options and an
extensive Help file.
•
The Channel Bar, which has the labels “Control,
Channel, Program, and Level” across its top. This is
where you decide which Channel you will be working
on, select its Program, and adjust its Gain Trim.
•
The Program Edit Window, which is itself divided
into two parts:
o
The EQ Tab, which is where edits are made
to the selected Program’s EQ curve. Also
accessible are an EQ Bypass button and a
Save To User Location selector switch.
o
The Program Names/Notes Tab, which
allows you to name each User Program and
write notes regarding the entire Bank of
User Programs, if you desire.
We’ll start with the fun part first, and save the “housekeeping”
for later.
24
Using the Software
3
The Program Edit window
The EQ tab is divided into four areas:
•
The Curve space, the green area showing a graphic
representation of the combined effects of the EQ
settings for each Band. Each of the colored dots
corresponds to one of the Bands, and is used to edit
the Frequency and Gain of its Band.
•
The Controls, with four columns of knobs and
sliders, one for each Band, which can be used in the
same way the hardware of a physical equalizer would.
•
The EQ Bypass button, which allows you to hear the
audio material without the Program’s EQ curve
being applied.
•
The Save To User button, which enables you to save
the curve you have created to one of the eight User
Program locations. In the lower right corner is a
switch that allows you to select which of the eight
locations will be the destination for the curve when it
is saved.
25
3
Using the Software
Editing the Program Curve
There are two ways to change the equalizer settings. The first
way is to click on one of the colored dots in the Curve space
and drag it to the point on the graph that corresponds to the
desired Frequency and Gain settings for that Band.
As you move the colored dot, the graphic controls for the
corresponding Band will move also, and display the numerical
values for that Band’s settings. The only value that will not
change with this method is the Q. To change that parameter,
click on its knob and drag it through its positions.
The second way to change equalizer settings is through the
Controls at the bottom of the EQ tab window.
Each column has a colored “Band” label that corresponds to
the colored dot in the Curve space. The Band’s Gain is
controlled by the vertical slider, while its Frequency is
represented by the upper knob and its Q is represented by the
lower knob. To adjust any of these settings, click on the
proper graphic and drag it through the available values.
26
Using the Software
3
A note about HSH, LSH, and HP
There are three additional settings for the Q parameter that
are found below the value of 0.25: HSH, LSH, and HP. Here’s
what they do:
The LSH (Low Shelf) setting affects everything
below the specified frequency, similar to
conventional tone controls on a home stereo. For
example, if Band 1 is set for Low Shelf and the
frequency is set to 800Hz, everything from 800Hz on
down will be boosted or cut. The following diagram
shows high or low shelving:
HSH (High Shelf) works the opposite way. When
this function is turned on, everything ABOVE the
set frequency will be affected.
The HP (High Pass) setting turns the Band into a
highpass filter. This button disables the Gain
parameter for the Band. When this setting is in
effect, all audio below the Band frequency setting will
be filtered out at a slope of 6dB per octave. Its basic
function is as a bass frequency rolloff.
27
3
Using the Software
Saving Equalizer Settings
After you have adjusted the equalizer to your satisfaction, you
can save the settings in one of three ways:
• The first way is to save the settings to one of the
User Program locations.
o At the bottom right side of the Edit Tab
window is a large green number. To its right
is a “rocker” switch. Click on the top or
bottom of the switch to select a number
from one to eight.
o Click the Save to User button to save the
Program to that location.
• The second way is to select the Save User Settings
option from the Edit menu. This will automatically
save your equalizer settings to the currently selected
User Program. You can also accomplish this by
pressing CTRL + U.
• The third way is to select the Save EQ or Save
Current EQ options from the File menu. These will
bring up the Save As Window.
o Browse your hard drive for the desired
folder.
o Type a name into the File name box.
o Click the Save button.
Loading Equalizer Settings
To open an existing equalizer file:
• Select the Open EQ option from the File menu.
This will bring up the Open window.
o Browse your hard drive for the location of
the desired Program file
o Select it by clicking on it in the window.
This will put the file name into the File
Name box.
o Click the Open button.
To reset the Equalizer to the default settings, select the New
EQ option from the File menu.
28
Using the Software
3
Equalizer Workspaces
In addition to saving your equalizer settings in a separate file,
you can also save the settings of all Channels and Programs as
a Workspace.
To save your Workspace:
• Select the Save Workspace option from the File
menu. This will bring up the Save As window.
o Browse your hard drive for the location to
which you want to save the settings.
o Type a name into the File name box.
o Click the Save button.
There are two ways to open an existing Workspace:
• First and fastest, you can select the name of your
Workspace from the Recent Workspaces option of
the File menu. The Workspace will automatically
open.
• Another method is to select the Open Workspace
option from the File menu. This will bring up the
Open Window.
o Browse your hard drive for the location of
the Workspace file.
o Select it by clicking on it in the window.
This will put the file name into the File
Name box.
o Click the Open button.
To reset the Workspace to the default settings, select the New
Workspace option from the File menu.
29
3
Using the Software
Working with Channels
A Channel is comprised of either a single speaker set to a
particular Channel number or a group of speakers that are all
set to the same Channel number. For a more detailed
explanation of Channels, see the Channel Mode section of
Chapter 2 “Operations” on page 17.
Selecting a Channel
There are two ways to select a channel:
• The first way is to select a Channel from the
dedicated pull-down menu on the main screen.
• The second way is to look in the Control column for
the number next to the Channel you want to select
and click on it. This will turn the button green,
indicating that the Channel has been selected.
Channel Settings
Once you have selected a Channel, you can modify its settings
in a couple of ways:
• Select a Program by using the drop-down menu
immediately to the right of the Program name
• Change its Level by using the Up and Down arrows
to set the Gain Trim for the Channel.
30
Using the Software
3
Global Controls
•
•
The Dim button will set the Gain Trims of all
speakers on all Channels to -18dB. You can also
accomplish this by selecting the Dim -18dB option
from the Edit Menu or pressing CTRL + D.
The Save All Programs button will take all eight
User Programs from the PC application and save
them to every speaker on every Channel. You
can also accomplish this by selecting the Save All
Programs option from the Edit Menu.
Warning! Pressing the Save
All Programs button will
overwrite all eight User
Programs in every speaker.
Be sure this is what you want
to do before you press it.
Program Names/Notes
You can specify a name for each of the User Programs in
the PC software. There’s also a space where you can write
notes that apply to the eight User Programs. To do this:
• Click on the Program Names/Notes tab.
o
o
Click in the text box to the right of one of
the eight User Programs and type in a name
for that Program.
Click in the Additional Notes box and
you can record additional notes about
your Programs.
Remember: the name you
give the Program will not
show up on the speaker LCD
Panel.
The Additional Notes space is
shared between the eight
User Programs.
31
3
Using the Software
Changing Settings
There are a number of settings that allow you to configure the
PC software to your preferences. To change the application’s
settings, select Options from the View menu. You will see this
window:
The Options window is composed of three primary tabs:
Colors, Settings, and Ports.
Changing the Colors
The four buttons show the colors that are used in the Curve
space to help you distinguish visually between the four EQ
Bands. To change the color for a Band, click on the button
with that Band’s name. A color chart window will be
displayed. Select the desired color and confirm your choice by
clicking the OK button. You will see the colored dot for that
Band change to the color you just selected.
The Settings tab
There is one option under the Settings tab. The Activate
Receiving Channel option allows you to configure how the
ProLinear DSP application will respond when a button is
pressed on any ProLinear DSP speaker in the system.
When the Activate Receiving Channel box is checked, any
changes made from the front panel of any speaker in the
system will cause the PC software to select that Channel
automatically and update the Curve space to that Channel’s
new EQ curve.
When the Activate Receiving Channel box is not checked, the
PC software will not display changes made on any speaker
unless they are made on the Channel that is currently selected.
Changes made on other channels will be received, but the
software will not change the EQ graph nor the active channel
indicator.
32
Using the Software
3
Changing the COM Port Number
We’ve provided a shortcut that allows you to change the
communication port number for your ProLinear DSP
speakers without having to access the Device Manager inside
the Windows Control Panel.
To do this, click on the Ports tab. You will see a screen that
looks like this:
Use the drop-down menu to select the serial port through
which your ProLinear DSP speakers will communicate with
the PC. For more information about configuring serial com
ports on your PC, see your operating system or hardware
documentation.
IMPORTANT: If the com port that you configured in the
Windows Control Panel is not listed here, then it is not
available to the ProLinear DSP application. Choose the port
you wish to use and exit the application without saving the
configuration. Next, set up the appropriate port through the
Windows Control Panel according to the appropriate
procedure for your PC’s operating system.
33
3
Using the Software
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34
4 Frequently Asked Questions
It is impossible to design a speaker that fulfills the
requirements for every situation, but hopefully the ProLinear
DSP will give you a versatility approaching that. The
following information will hopefully help you decide what is
the best way to set up the speaker.
Basic FAQs
1. Can I play the speakers through the serial port of my
PC?
No. The serial port is only for EQ and level control.
2. Does the ProLinear DSP accept digital inputs?
No, it only accepts analog audio signals.
3. Can the ProLinear DSPs be placed on their sides?
Yes. It does change the speaker sound field to some extent as
you move in a horizontal direction, as would occur with any
speaker, so slight adjustments to placement and EQ might be
required. But the sonic characteristics of the speaker remain
pretty much the same.
4. Can I place the ProLinear DSP against a wall, or in a
wall?
Yes. But the rear heatsink should be given adequate
ventilation. If the amp overheats the speaker will temporarily
shut down to protect itself. It will be explained in another
FAQ that when the speaker is placed in a wall, the frequency
response will change, so this must be taken into consideration.
5. Do I have to connect the serial RS-232 cables to get the
speaker to work?
No, the speakers will work just fine without these connections.
What they would do is give you the added capability of
controlling multiple speakers from the front panel of one
ProLinear DSP. They also allow you to control the speakers
with a PC using the supplied software.
6. Can I use this speaker in a 5.1 monitoring setup even
though I don’t have a sub-woofer?
Absolutely. The ability to chain the speakers to a PC gives an
added dimension of control not available with most surround
speakers. The only issue at present is bass control. While the
ProLinear DSP has an extended bass frequency response,
there may be some applications for which a sub-woofer may
be desired.
35
4
Frequently Asked Questions
7. Do the speakers require a break-in period?
Nearly all new speakers require a few hours of bass-heavy
material at a fairly loud volume to break them in. What this
does is loosen up the driver suspensions and smooth out the
response. The speakers were designed and calibrated to
include the effects of break-in and will sound even smoother
afterward.
8. When I turn my speaker on, I get no sound for about 4
seconds. My old monitors work right away. What gives?
There are two "computers" in the ProLinear DSP that take
time to initialize before the speaker starts operating. Most
conventional active speakers have no digital signal processing,
and as a result, don't have to go through this process. Think
of it as similar to turning on a PC or Mac; there’s a “boot-up”
period.
9. When I change programs, I hear clicks and pops
occasionally. Is my speaker broken?
It is not unusual to hear slight noises when changing
programs. This is due to the discontinuous nature of digital
audio, and is most likely to occur when the programs are very
different.
10. When I change programs with the ProLinear DSP’s
PC application I get loud pops. What's happening?
Another application you are using may have configured the
serial port of the PC improperly. In particular, the Flow
Control must be set to "None." Exit any other application that
may be misappropriating the serial port. Refer to the technical
documentation regarding configuring the serial port within
your PC’s operating system.
11. The LCD display occasionally flashes red. What does
that mean?
On start-up, it's the internal processor performing its
initialization routine. This is normal. If it happens during
routine operation, it means the amplifier is clipping. The input
source volume or the Input Gain control should be reduced.
12. Can I do a “bulk dump” of the User Programs from
the ProLinear DSP into the PC application?
No, but there’s a workaround. After connecting the PC and
the ProLinear DSP system via the serial cable(s), call up the
User Programs from the ProLinear DSP speaker in question
one at a time, making sure they show up in the EQ Curve
space (the green window inside the EQ tab). Then save them
one at a time to the PC using the Save To User button and
location switch. Then save the Workspace, which contains all
the User Program settings, so you can recall the entire bank in
the future.
36
Frequently Asked Questions
4
Voicing and EQ FAQs
1. How is the ProLinear DSP’s frequency response set at
the factory?
The response is set to be as flat as possible, typically +/1.5db from 50Hz to 20kHz with advanced bass compensation.
They are calibrated for “open space” placement (not against a
wall). However, the ProLinear DSP can be tailored to
compensate for many placement and mounting scenarios.
2. If this speaker is so flat, why do smaller, older
speakers have more bass?
The most likely reason is that the older speaker was EQ’d with
too much bass to compensate for its small size. By the way,
this is not true low bass, but is actually more in the mid-bass
range. Some users find this mid-bass boost appealing, but
those who are looking for accuracy probably won’t. There is a
penalty to pay for doing this, too, in addition to the bloated
sound: the loss of dynamic range. This occurs because it takes
a less powerful signal to reach the limits of the speaker; it will
start to distort or compress noticeably sooner than a larger
speaker like the ProLinear DSP.
3. Is it OK to set all the speakers to the same EQ via the
serial port connections?
That depends on how critical the listening application is for
the speakers. A speaker’s placement has a big effect on its
frequency response. Some applications may not be critical, but
others might dictate a flat response, such as using the speaker
for reference purposes. Keep in mind that the settings for one
listening position may not be adequate for another. In such
cases, it is possible to tune the ProLinear DSP speakers
individually by assigning each speaker to a separate channel.
With the user-defined EQ settings, you can have patterns for
various listening positions.
4. I need a speaker that plays loud. Monitor “X” has
twice the watts than the ProLinear DSPs; therefore, they
will play twice as loud, right?
The simple answer is no! Power is only one factor as to how
loud a speaker will play. You have to take into account driver
efficiency, compression and distortion as well as cabinet
design. Keep in mind that when you double the power into
the speaker, the most you can get is a 3dB increase in volume
(and most of the time it’s less, due to the factors mentioned
above).
The drivers we’ve chosen were selected for their low
distortion, extended response and clean output at maximum
level. The design was optimized for a near field monitor and
as such, can play loud enough to damage your hearing if
turned up too high. We have also tested them far-field in
medium size rooms and they will play cleanly at reasonably
loud levels.
37
4
Frequently Asked Questions
5. Should I use the midrange attenuation Program for my
own mixes?
This depends entirely on your taste and the venue and
objective for the recording. However, for the best recording
possible, the midrange should be kept flat. This will give the
truest indication of the response and of any EQ previously
done to the recording.
6. With the parametric EQ, can I model any brand of
studio reference monitors?
You can get a reasonable approximation of the frequency
response, but there is more to replicating a speaker than its
frequency response. For example, certain drivers (e.g. woofers)
may have good transient response. Others may not. Both
could yield the same steady state (continuous tone) response
but sound completely different to something with a fast
transient response such as a snare drum or clapping. By
popular demand, one of the Presets is modeled after the
ubiquitous black monitor with white cones, but it is a rough
approximation. There are two other speaker responses that are
emulated, as well. See if you can figure out their identities!
7. How does the level control on the rear panel differ
from the front panel Gain Trim control?
The level control on the back attenuates the input signal to the
speaker. The Gain Trim control attenuates or boosts the
output of the DSP. For large source signals you want to
attenuate the input level so as to avoid saturating (clipping) the
input Analog to Digital converter (ADC). The Gain Trim
control should be adjusted to avoid saturating the output
Digital to Analog converter (DAC). This must be done by
listening for output distortion. The user should also be careful
to avoid setting the attenuation levels too low, as this could
lead to a loss of resolution as well as a higher noise floor.
To assist you with these adjustments, the ProLinear DSP
provides the ability to monitor the input level to the ADC on
the front panel display. For instructions on how to do this, see
page 21.
38
5 Specifications
Inputs
Nominal input level:
Maximum input level:
Input impedance:
+4dBu (-15dBFS)
+20dBu (7.0 Vrms)
10kΩ
Output
Sound Pressure Level (SPL):
Low Frequency (LF) power:
High Frequency (HF) power:
Frequency response:
Signal To Noise ratio:
~110db at 1 meter at
max input below clipping
80 watts RMS,
~130 watts peak
40 watts RMS typical,
~130 watts peak
50hz – 20kHz +/- 1.5dB
Bass level -3dB @ 43hz
typical
> 90 dB A-weighted,
Analog In to Analog Out
Power Requirements
Input voltage:
Input frequency:
Power consumption:
100v – 230v
47 – 63 Hz
20 W (idle)
130 W (typical, at
maximum volume)
Environmental Requirements
Temperature range:
0-40 degrees C
Relative humidity (non-condensing): 30-85%
Cabling Requirements
Mixer to Speaker:
Balanced or unbalanced,
shielded; XLR or ¼”
TRS connector.
Speaker to PC:
Standard 9-pin, RS-232
serial cable (malefemale).
Speaker to Speaker:
Standard 9-pin, RS-232
serial cable (malefemale).
Mechanical
Size:
Weight:
15” H x 9” W x 12” D
25 lbs (11.4kg)
39
5
Specifications
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40
6 Troubleshooting
Symptoms
No audio or output too
low.
Distorted sound.
“Err” on LCD display.
Cause
No input audio.
Solution
Test with a known good
input. Increase input level
pot setting.
Bad cables.
Replace the cables.
Source is turned down.
Increase source level.
Input level too high and is
saturating the input ADC.
Note: the red LCD display
may not be indicating
clipping for this
circumstance.
Turn input level control
down.
Low frequency gain too
high.
Reduce all LF parametric
gain, lower the input level
pot, reduce trim gain or
lower the input signal.
Clipping (as indicated by
the red LCD display)
Lower the input level
control, reduce Gain Trim
or lower the input signal.
Speaker malfunction
Cycle power.
Call Technical Support.
PC will not communicate
with speaker
Attempting to do things
too quickly on the front
panel or PC application.
Wait for speaker to re-sync
or cycle the power.
Turning off one speaker in
a group of speakers
Wait for speaker to re-sync
or change the program on
the affected speaker and
then go back to the
original program.
Application set to different
Com port
Change port under
View/Options tab in
application
Speaker set to different
channel
Make sure speaker and
application channels agree
41
Troubleshooting
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42
Appendix
Preset and User Programs
PRESET
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Name
Flat
Hi-Fi (Smile)
White Cone
Faux Finnish
Studio Cube
Boom Box
BBC Dip
80 Hz High Pass
USER
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Name
Warmth
Bass Boost
Bass Cut
Treble Boost
Treble Cut
AM Radio
Narrow
Portable Radio
The Programs in the User bank are also available on the supplied CD-ROM.
Feel free to overwrite any or all of them; if you ever want them back, use the
“Open Workspace” option in the File menu and navigate to the file “user1.pws”
on the CD-ROM.
Descriptions of Each Program
Preset 1 Flat
Preset 2 Hi-Fi (Smile)
Flat frequency response (no EQ).
A pleasant Hi-Fi listening curve in the
Fletcher Munson vein
Preset 3 White Cone
Preset 4 Faux Finnish
An emulation of the ubiquitous black monitor
Preset 5 Studio Cube
An imitation of the “worst case mix check”
brown monitors
Modeled after an expensive near-field reference
monitor
Preset 6 Boom Box
Sounds like a big resonating boom box from
the ‘80s.
Preset 7 BBC Dip
A slight depression in 1kHz to 3kHz range,
creating a more distant and relaxed sound.
Preset 8 80 Hz High Pass Removes rumble.
User 1 Warmth
User 2 Bass Boost
User 3 Bass Cut
User 4 Treble Boost
User 5 Treble Cut
User 6 AM Radio
User 7 Narrow
User 8 Portable Radio
Cuts some highs, boosts some lows, generally
warms up the sound.
Works as advertised.
Works as advertised.
Works as advertised.
Works as advertised.
Recreates the frequency response of AM
radio.
It takes true genius to make speakers this
good sound this bad.
An imitation of the extremely narrow
frequency response of a tiny speaker.
43
Appendix
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44
Index
B
Break-in
36
C
Cabling Requirements
Channel Assignment
Channels
defined
Clipping
Connecting your ProLinear DSP Speaker to another DSP speaker
Connecting Your Speakers
39
15
17
13
8
8
D
Data Link
7, 8
E
Edit Mode
Band
Frequency
Gain
Q
18
19
19
19
19
F
FAQs
Features
Frequency ranges
Front Panel
35
4
14
13
G
Gain ranges
Gain Trim
Gain Trim ranges
Getting Started
14
16, 38
14
8
H
High Pass Filter (HPF)
High Shelf
How to Use This Manual
27
27
5
45
Index
I
Input Level Mode
Input Level Monitoring
Input Level Potentiometer
Installing the software
15, 21
15
7
9
L
LCD Display
Blinking
Propagation
Low Shelf
13
13
27
O
Operational Overview
14
P
Parametric Equalizer
Software
Power Switch
Power-up Sequence
Presets
Program Mode
ProLinear DSP
Control
Introduction
14
25
7
15
43
15
4
4
Q
Q value ranges
14
R
Rear Panel
7
S
Serial Port Configuration
Software
Channels
Dim Settings
Level Settings
Program Settings
Save all Programs
Selecting
46
10
23
30
31
30
30
31
30
Index
Equalizer
Loading Settings
Modifying
Saving Settings
Equalizer Workspace
Navigating
Program Notes
Settings
Activate Receiving Channel
Changing Ports
Software Organization
Speaker ID
Speaker Modeling
Speaker Placement
28
26
28
29
24
31
32
32
33
23
15
38
35
T
Technical Information
Environmental
Inputs
Output
Power Requirements
Troubleshooting
39
39
39
39
41
V
Volume
14
W
Welcome
3
47
Index
Alesis Contact Information
Alesis, LLC
Los Angeles, USA
E-mail:
Website:
[email protected]
http://www.alesis.com
Alesis ProLinear DSP Reference Manual
Copyright 2003 Alesis, LLC. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited. “ProLinear
DSP” is a trademark of Alesis, LLC. Specifications subject
to change without notice.
7-51-0132-A
5/09/2003
48
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