Celiera DUCTLESS MINI SPLIT AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS Service manual

Celiera DUCTLESS MINI SPLIT AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS Service manual
9ASNA-A1-1202
SERVICE MANUAL
SENVILLE AIRCONDITIONER
DC INVERTER
SPLIT WALL-MOUNTED TYPE
CONTENTS
1. Precaution..................................................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Safety Precaution .......................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Warning ......................................................................................................................................... 1
2. Function ........................................................................................................................................................ 6
3. Dimension ..................................................................................................................................................... 9
3.1 Indoor Units ................................................................................................................................... 9
3.2 Outdoor Units .............................................................................................................................. 12
4. Refrigerant Cycle Diagram ........................................................................................................................ 13
5. Wiring Diagram........................................................................................................................................... 15
5.1 Indoor Units ................................................................................................................................. 15
5.2 Outdoor Units .............................................................................................................................. 20
6. Installation details ...................................................................................................................................... 26
6.1 Wrench torque sheet for installation............................................................................................ 26
6.2 Connecting the cables ................................................................................................................. 27
6.3 Pipe length and the elevation ...................................................................................................... 28
6.4 Installation for the first time ......................................................................................................... 29
6.5 Adding the refrigerant after running the system for many years ................................................. 32
6.6 Re-installation while the indoor unit need to be repaired............................................................ 33
6.7 Re-installation while the outdoor unit need to be repaired ......................................................... 35
7. Operation characteristics .......................................................................................................................... 38
8. Electronic function..................................................................................................................................... 39
8.1 Abbreviation ................................................................................................................................. 39
8.2 Display function ........................................................................................................................... 39
8.3 Main Protection ........................................................................................................................... 40
8.4 Operation Modes and Functions ................................................................................................. 41
9. Troubleshooting ......................................................................................................................................... 55
9.1 Indoor Unit Error Display ............................................................................................................. 55
9.2 Diagnosis and Solution................................................................................................................ 56
1. Precaution
1.1 Safety Precaution
n
To prevent injury to the user or other people and property damage, the following
instructions must be followed.
n
Incorrect operation due to ignoring instruction will cause harm or damage.
n
Before service unit, be sure to read this service manual at first.
1.2 Warning
Ø Installation
n
Do not use a defective or underrated circuit breaker. Use this appliance on a dedicated
circuit.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.
n
For electrical work, contact the dealer, seller, a qualified electrician, or an Authorized
service center.
Do not disassemble or repair the product, there is risk of fire or electric shock.
n
Always ground the product.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.
n
Install the panel and the cover of control box securely.
There is risk of fire of electric shock.
n
Always install a dedicated circuit and breaker.
Improper wiring or installation may cause fore or electric shock.
n
Use the correctly rated breaker of fuse.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.
n
Do not modify or extend the power cable.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.
n
Do not install, remove, or reinstall the unit by yourself(customer).
There is risk of fire, electric shock, explosion, or injury.
n
Be caution when unpacking and installing the product.
Sharp edges could cause injury, be especially careful of the case edges and the fins on the
1
condenser and evaporator.
n
For installation, always contact the dealer or an Authorized service center.
There is risk of fire, electric shock, explosion, or injury.
n
Do not install the product on a defective installation stand.
It may cause injury, accident, or damage to the product.
n
Be sure the installation area does not deteriorate with age.
If the base collapses, the air conditioner could fall with it, causing property damage, product failure,
and personal injury.
n
Do not let the air conditioner run for a long time when the humidity is very high and a
door or a window is left open.
Moisture may condense and wet or damage furniture.
n
Take care to ensure that power cable could not be pulled out or damaged during
operation.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.
n
Do not place anything on the power cable.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.
n
Do not plug or unplug the power supply plug during operation.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.
n
Do not touch (operation) the product with wet hands.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.
n
Do not place a heater or other appliance near the power cable.
There is risk of fire and electric shock.
n
Do not allow water to run into electric parts.
It may cause fire, failure of the product, or electric shock.
n
Do not store or use flammable gas or combustible near the product.
There is risk of fire or failure of product.
n
Do not use the product in a tightly closed space for a long time.
Oxygen deficiency could occur.
n
When flammable gas leaks, turn off the gas and open a window for ventilation before
turn the product on.
Do not use the telephone or turn switches on or off.
2
There is risk of explosion or fire.
n
If strange sounds, or small or smoke comes from product. Turn the breaker off or
disconnect the power supply cable.
There is risk of electric shock or fire.
n
Stop operation and close the window in storm or hurricane. If possible, remove the
product from the window before the hurricane arrives.
There is risk of property damage, failure of product, or electric shock.
n
Do not open the inlet grill of the product during operation. (Do not touch the electrostatic
filter, if the unit is so equipped.)
There is risk of physical injury, electric shock, or product failure.
n
When the product is soaked (flooded or submerged), contact an Authorized service
center.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.
n
Be caution that water could not enter the product.
There is risk of fire, electric shock, or product damage.
n
Ventilate the product from time to time when operating it together with a stove, etc.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.
n
Turn the main power off when cleaning or maintaining the product.
There is risk of electric shock.
n
When the product is not be used for a long time, disconnect the power supply plug or
turn off the breaker.
There is risk of product damage or failure, or unintended operation.
n
Take care to ensure that nobody could step on or fall onto the outdoor unit.
This could result in personal injury and product damage.
Ø CAUTION
n
Always check for gas (refrigerant) leakage after installation or repair of product.
Low refrigerant levels may cause failure of product.
n
Install the drain hose to ensure that water is drained away properly.
A bad connection may cause water leakage.
3
n
Keep level even when installing the product.
It can avoid vibration of water leakage.
n
Do not install the product where the noise or hot air from the outdoor unit could damage
the neighborhoods.
It may cause a problem for your neighbors.
n
Use two or more people to lift and transport the product.
Avoid personal injury.
n
Do not install the product where it will be exposed to sea wind (salt spray) directly.
It may cause corrosion on the product. Corrosion, particularly on the condenser and evaporator fins,
could cause product malfunction or inefficient operation.
Ø Operational
n
Do not expose the skin directly to cool air for long periods of time. (Do not sit in the
draft).
This could harm to your health.
n
Do not use the product for special purposes, such as preserving foods, works of art, etc.
It is a consumer air conditioner, not a precision refrigerant system.
There is risk of damage or loss of property.
n
Do not block the inlet or outlet of air flow.
It may cause product failure.
n
Use a soft cloth to clean. Do not use harsh detergents, solvents, etc.
There is risk of fire, electric shock, or damage to the plastic parts of the product.
n
Do not touch the metal parts of the product when removing the air filter. They are very
sharp.
There is risk of personal injury.
n
Do not step on or put anything on the product. (outdoor units)
There is risk of personal injury and failure of product.
n
Always insert the filter securely. Clean the filter every two weeks or more often if
necessary.
A dirty filter reduces the efficiency of the air conditioner and could cause product malfunction or
4
damage.
n
Do not insert hands or other object through air inlet or outlet while the product is
operated.
There are sharp and moving parts that could cause personal injury.
n
Do not drink the water drained from the product.
It is not sanitary could cause serious health issues.
n
Use a firm stool or ladder when cleaning or maintaining the product.
Be careful and avoid personal injury.
n
Replace the all batteries in the remote control with new ones of the same type. Do not
mix old and mew batteries or different types of batteries.
There is risk of fire or explosion.
n
Do not recharge or disassemble the batteries. Do not dispose of batteries in a fire.
They may burn of explode.
n
If the liquid from the batteries gets onto your skin or clothes, wash it well with clean
water. Do not use the remote of the batteries have leaked.
The chemical in batteries could cause burns or other health hazards
5
2. Function
Model Names of Indoor/Outdoor Units
Capacity
Model
Indoor units
Outdoor units
MS9A-09HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-09HRDN1-MP0W
MOC-09HDN1-MP0W
MS9A-9CRDN1-BS0W
MS9A-9CRDN1-BS0W
MOC-9CFN1-BS0W
MS9A-9HRDN1-BS0W
MS9A-9HRDN1-BS0W
MOC-9HRFN1-BS0W
MS9A-9HRDN1-BQ0W
MS9A-9HRDN1-BQ0W
MOC-09HFN1-BQ0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-MP0W
MOC-12HDN1-MP0W
MS9A-12CRDN1-BS0W
MS9A-12CRDN1-BS0W
MOC-12CFN1-BS0W
MS9A-12CRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-12CRDN1-MS0W
MOC-12CRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-BS0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-BS0W
MOC-12HRFN1-BS0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-MS0W
MOC-12HRFN1-MS0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-BS0W(B)
MS9A-12HRDN1-BS0W(B)
MOC-12HFN1-BS0W
MS9A-18HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-18HRDN1-MP0W
MOF-18HDN1-MP0W
MS9A-18CRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-18CRDN1-MS0W
MOF-18CRFN1-MS0W
MS9A-18HRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-18HRDN1-MS0W
MOF-18HRFN1-MS0W
MS9A-24HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-24HRDN1-MP0W
MOG-24HDN1-MP0W
MS9A-24HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-24HRDN1-MP0W
MOF-24HDN1-MP0W
MS9A-24HRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-24HRDN1-MS0W
MOG-24HDN1-MS0W
MS9A-24CRDN1-MP0W
MOF-24CDN1-MP0W
MOF-24CDN1-MP0W
9K
12K
DC Inverter
18K
24K
6
Indoor unit
Operation by remote controller
Anti-freezing control in cooling
Prevent the water being frozen on evaporator by
checking the evaporator pipe temperature
Golden fin (Optional)
Time Delay Safety control
Ionizer + (Optional)
Indoor fan speed control
Turbo, high, med, low, breeze.
Current protection
Two-direction air vane
The unit will decide the louver direction according
to operation mode.
Low ambient cooling (Optional)
Self-diag. function
Sleep mode auto control
Anti-cold function
Independent dehumidification
The function is usually used in rainy
days in springtime or damp areas.
Prevent the cold wind at the
beginning of unit start.
Air flow Direction
control
The louver can be set at the desired position
or swing up and down automatically
Auto defrost
Auto-restart
Auto mode
Flexible wiring connection
Temp. Compensation
7
Outdoor unit
Power relay control
The unit has 3 mins delay between continuously ON/OFF operations.
Low noise air flow system
Bird tail propeller fan makes the outdoor unit run more quietly.
Hydrophilic aluminum fin
The hydrophilic fin can improve the heating efficiency at operation mode.
4 way valve control
It is only operated in the heating operation mode except defrosting operation.
Anti-rust cabinet
Made from electrolytic zinc steel sheet and anti-rust coated components.
Valve protection
cover
It protects the valves and prevents water from dripping.
PTC heater (Optional)
8
3. Dimension
3.1 Indoor Units
Model
W(mm)
H(mm)
D(mm)
MS9A-09HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-9HRDN1-BQ0W
790
(31.10in)
265
(10.43in)
198
(7.80in)
MS9A-9CRDN1-BS0W
MS9A-9HRDN1-BS0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-12CRDN1-BS0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-BS0W
MS9A-12CRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-BS0W(B)
920
(36.22in)
292
(11.50in)
223
(8.78in)
MS9A-18HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-18CRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-18HRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-24HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-24CRDN1-MP0W
998
(39.29in)
322
(12.68in)
240
(9.45in)
MS9A-24HRDN1-MS0W
1450
(57.09in)
340
(13.39in)
265
(10.43in)
9
L
R
H
Model
L(mm)
R(mm)
H(mm)
Dimension of installation hole(mm)
MS9A-09HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-9HRDN1-BQ0W
100
151
45
Φ65
Model
L(mm)
R(mm)
H(mm)
Dimension of installation hole(mm)
150
187
45
Φ65
MS9A-9CRDN1-BS0W
MS9A-9HRDN1-BS0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-12CRDN1-BS0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-BS0W
MS9A-12CRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-BS0W(B)
10
Model
L(mm)
R(mm)
H(mm)
Dimension of installation hole(mm)
100
119
45
Φ65
MS9A-18HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-18CRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-18HRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-24HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-24CRDN1-MP0W
Model
L(mm)
H(mm)
Dimension of installation hole(mm)
MS9A-24HRDN1-MS0W
120.5
55
Φ95
5
11
3.2 Outdoor Units
More than 30cm
More than 60cm
(Service space
More than 30cm
Fe
n
ob ce o
sta
r
cle
s
More than 60cm
More than 70cm
Model
W(mm)
D(mm)
H(mm)
W1(mm)
A(mm)
B(mm)
760
(29.92in)
285
(11.22in)
590
(23.23in)
823
(32.40in)
530
(20.87in)
290
(11.42in)
845
(33.27in)
320
(12.60in)
700
(27.56in)
908
(35.75in)
560
(22.05in)
335
(13.19in)
900
(35.43in)
315
(12.40in)
860
(33.86in)
980
(38.58in)
590
(23.23in)
333
(13.11in)
MOC-09HDN1-MP0W
MOC-9CFN1-BS0W
MOC-9HRFN1-BS0W
MOC-09HFN1-BQ0W
MOC-12HDN1-MP0W
MOC-12CFN1-BS0W
MOC-12CRDN1-MS0W
MOC-12HRFN1-BS0W
MOC-12HRFN1-MS0W
MOC-12HFN1-BS0W
MOF-18HDN1-MP0W
MOF-18CRFN1-MS0W
MOF-18HRFN1-MS0W
MOF-24HDN1-MP0W
MOF-24CDN1-MP0W
MOG-24HDN1-MP0W
MOG-24HDN1-MS0W
12
4. Refrigerant Cycle Diagram
For cooling only models:
INDOOR
OUTDOOR
LIQUID SIDE
CAPILIARY TUBE
HEAT
EXCHANGE
(EVAPORATOR)
HEAT
EXCHANGE
(CONDENSER)
GAS SIDE
COMPRESSOR
13
For heat pump models:
INDOOR
OUTDOOR
CHECK VALVE
(Heating Model only)
LIQUID SIDE
2-WAY VALVE
CAPILIARY TUBE
HEAT
EXCHANGE
(EVAPORATOR)
HEAT
EXCHANGE
(CONDENSER)
GAS SIDE
REVERSING VALVE
(Heating Model only)
3-WAY VALVE
ACCUMULATOR
COOLING
COMPRESSOR
14
HEATING
5. Wiring Diagram
5.1 Indoor Units
MS9A-09HRDN1-MP0W; MS9A-12HRDN1-MP0W; MS9A-12CRDN1-MS0W;
MS9A-12HRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-9CRDN1-BS0W; MS9A-9HRDN1-BS0W; MS9A-12CRDN1-BS0W; MS9A-12HRDN1-BS0W
15
MS9A-18HRDN1-MP0W;MS9A-18CRDN1-MS0W;MS9A-18HRDN1-MS0W; MS9A-24HRDN1-MP0W
16
MS9A-9HRDN1-BQ0W
MS9A-12HRDN1-BS0W(B)
17
MS9A-24CRDN1-MP0W
18
MS9A-24HRDN1-MS0W
19
5.2 Outdoor Units
MOC-09HDN1-MP0W;MOC-12HDN1-MP0W
MOC-9CFN1-BS0W; MOC-9HRFN1-BS0W; MOC-12CFN1-BS0W; MOC-12HRFN1-BS0W
20
MOC-12CRDN1-MSOW
MOC-12HRFN1-MS0W
21
MOF-18HDN1-MP0W
MOF-18CRFN1-MSOW
22
MOF-18HRFN1-MS0W
MOG-24HDN1-MP0W
23
MOC-09HFN1-BQ0W, MOC-12HFN1-BS0W
MOF-24HDN1-MP0W
24
MOG-24HDN1-MS0W
MOF-24CDN1-MP0W
25
6. Installation details
6.1 Wrench torque sheet for installation
Outside diameter
Torque
Additional tightening torque
mm
inch
N.cm
N.cm
Ф6.35
1/4
1500(153kgf.cm)
1600(163kgf.cm)
Ф9.52
3/8
2500(255kgf.cm)
2600(265kgf.cm)
Ф12.7
1/2
3500(357kgf.cm)
3600(367kgf.cm)
Ф16
5/8
4500(459kgf.cm)
4700(479kgf.cm)
Ф19
3/4
6500(663kgf.cm)
6700(683kgf.cm)
26
6.2 Connecting the cables
The power cord of connect should be selected according to the following specifications sheet.
Rated current of appliance
Nominal cross-sectional area (mm²)
>3 and ≤6
0.75
>6 and ≤10
1
>10 and ≤16
1.5
>16 and ≤25
2.5
The cable size and the current of the fuse or switch are determined by the maximum current indicated
on the nameplate which located on the side panel of the unit. Please refer to the nameplate before
selecting the cable, fuse and switch.
27
6.3 Pipe length and the elevation
The pipe length and refrigerant amount:
Model
Connective
Air purging method
Additional amount of refrigerant to be charged
pipe length
All
Less than 5m
Use vacuum pump
------------------
9K/12K
More than 5m
Use vacuum pump
(Pipe length – 5) × 20g/m
18K/24K
More than 5m
Use vacuum pump
(Pipe length – 5) × 40g/m
Standard
Max.
Max.
length
Elevation
Length
(m)
B (m)
A (m)
9K/12K
5
8
20
18K/24K
5
10
25
Model
Caution:
Capacity test is based on standard length and maximum allowance length is based on system
reliability.
Oil trap should be installed per 5-7 meters.
28
6.4 Installation for the first time
Air and moisture in the refrigerant system have undesirable effects as below:
Pressure in the system rises.
Operating current rises.
Cooling or heating efficiency drops.
Moisture in the refrigerant circuit may freeze and block capillary tubing.
Water may lead to corrosion of parts in the refrigerant system.
Therefore, the indoor units and the pipes between indoor and outdoor units must be leak tested
and evacuated to remove gas and moisture from the system.
Gas leak check (Soap water method):
Apply soap water or a liquid neutral detergent on the indoor unit connections or outdoor unit
connections by a soft brush to check for leakage of the connecting points of the piping. If bubbles
come out, the pipes have leakage.
1. Air purging with vacuum pump
(Indoor unit)
(Outdoor unit)
(Liquid side)
Two-way valve
Close
(Gas side)
Three-way valve
Manifold valve
Compound meter
Pressure
gauge
20Pa
Lo
Handle Lo
Charge hose
Close
Hi
Handle Hi
Charge hose
Vacuum
pump
Vacuum
pump
1) Completely tighten the flare nuts of the indoor and outdoor units, confirm that both the 2-way and
3-way valves are set to the closed position.
2) Connect the charge hose with the push pin of handle lo to the 3-way valves gas service port..
3) Connect the charge hose of handle hi connection to the vacuum pump.
4) Fully open the handle Lo of the manifold valve.
5) Operate the vacuum pump to evacuate.
6) Make evacuation for 30 minutes and check whether the compound meter indicates -0.1Mpa. If
29
the meter does not indicate -0.1Mpa after pumping 30 minutes, it should be pumped 20 minutes more. If
the pressure can’t achieve -0.1Mpa after pumping 50 minutes, please check if there are some leakage
points.
Fully close the handle Lo valve of the manifold valve and stop the operation of the vacuum pump.
Confirm that the gauge needle does not move (approximately 5 minutes after turning off the vacuum
pump).
7) Turn the flare nut of the 3-way valves about 45° counterclockwise for 6 or 7seconds after the gas
coming out, then tighten the flare nut again. Make sure the pressure display in the pressure indicator is
a little higher than the atmosphere pressure. Then remove the charge hose from the 3 way valve.
8) Fully open the 2 way valve and 3 way valve and securely tighten the cap of the 3 way valve.
2. Air purging by refrigerant
Procedure:
1). Confirm that both the 2-way and 3-way valves are set to the closed position.
2). Connect the charge set and a charging cylinder to the service port of the 3-way valve.
3). Air purging.
Open the valves on the charging cylinder and the charge set. Purge the air by loosening the flare nut on
the 2-way valve approximately 45’ for 3 seconds then closing it for 1 minute; repeat 3 times.
After purging the air, use a torque wrench to tighten the flare nut on the 2-way valve.
4). Check the gas leakage.
Check the flare connections for gas leakage.
5). Discharge the refrigerant.
30
Close the valve on the charging cylinder and discharge the refrigerant by loosening the flare nut on the
2-way valve approximately 45’ until the gauge indicates 0.3 to 0.5 Mpa.
6). Disconnect the charge set and the charging cylinder, and set the 2-way and 3-way valves to the open
position.
Be sure to use a hexagonal wrench to operate the valve stems.
7). Mount the valve stems nuts and the service port cap.
Be sure to use a torque wrench to tighten the service port cap to a torque 18N·m.
Be sure to check the gas leakage.
3. Adding the refrigerant if the pipe length >5m
Electronic scale
Procedure:
1). Connect the charge hose to the charging cylinder, open the 2-way valve and the 3-way valve.
Connect the charge hose which you disconnected from the vacuum pump to the valve at the bottom of
the cylinder. If the refrigerant is R410A, make the cylinder bottom up to ensure the liquid charge.
2). Purge the air from the charge hose.
Open the valve at the bottom of the cylinder and press the check valve on the charge set to purge the
air (be careful of the liquid refrigerant).
3) Put the charging cylinder onto the electronic scale and record the weight.
4) Operate the air conditioner at the cooling mode.
5) Open the valves (Low side) on the charge set and charge the system with liquid refrigerant.
31
6).When the electronic scale displays the proper weight (refer to the table), disconnect the charge hose
from the 3-way valve’s service port immediately and turn off the air conditioner before disconnecting the
hose.
7). Mount the valve stem caps and the service port
Use torque wrench to tighten the service port cap to a torque of 18N.m.
Be sure to check for gas leakage.
6.5 Adding the refrigerant after running the system for many years
Electronic scale
Procedure:
1). Connect the charge hose to the 3-way service port, open the 2-way valve and the 3-way valve.
Connect the charge hose to the valve at the bottom of the cylinder. If the refrigerant is R410A, make
the cylinder bottom up to ensure liquid charge.
2). Purge the air from the charge hose.
Open the valve at the bottom of the cylinder and press the check valve on the charge set to purge the
air (be careful of the liquid refrigerant).
3) Put the charging cylinder onto the electronic scale and record the weight.
4) Operate the air conditioner at the cooling mode.
5) Open the valves (Low side) on the charge set and charge the system with liquid refrigerant.
32
6).When the electronic scale displays the proper weight (refer to the gauge and the pressure of the low
side), disconnect the charge hose from the 3-way valve’s service port immediately and turn off the air
conditioner before disconnecting the hose.
7). Mount the valve stem caps and the service port
Use torque wrench to tighten the service port cap to a torque of 18N.m.
Be sure to check for gas leakage.
6.6 Re-installation while the indoor unit need to be repaired
1. Collecting the refrigerant into the outdoor unit
Procedure
1). Confirm that both the 2-way and 3-way valves are set to the opened position
Remove the valve stem caps and confirm that the valve stems are in the opened position.
Be sure to use a hexagonal wrench to operate the valve stems.
2). Connect the charge hose with the push pin of handle lo to the 3-way valves gas service port.
3). Air purging of the charge hose.
Open the handle Lo valve of the manifold valve slightly to purge air from the charge hose for 5 seconds
and then close it quickly.
4). Set the 2-way valve to the close position.
33
5). Operate the air conditioner at the cooling cycle and stop it when the gauge indicates 0.1MPa.
6). Set the 3-way valve to the closed position immediately
Do this quickly so that the gauge ends up indicating 0.3 to 0.5Mpa.
Disconnect the charge set, and tighten the 2-way and 3-way valve’s stem nuts.
Use a torque wrench to tighten the 3-way valves service port cap to a torque of 1.8 kgf.m.
Be sure to check for gas leakage.
2. Air purging by the refrigerant
Procedure:
1). Confirm that both the 2-way and 3-way valves are set to the closed position.
2). Connect the charge set and a charging cylinder to the service port of the 3-way valve
Leave the valve on the charging cylinder closed.
3). Air purging.
Open the valves on the charging cylinder and the charge set. Purge the air by loosening the flare nut on
the 2-way valve approximately 45’ for 3 seconds then closing it for 1 minute; repeat 3 times.
After purging the air, use a torque wrench to tighten the flare nut on the 2-way valve.
4). Check the gas leakage
Check the flare connections for gas leakage.
5). Discharge the refrigerant.
34
Close the valve on the charging cylinder and discharge the refrigerant by loosening the flare nut on the
2-way valve approximately 45’ until the gauge indicates 0.3 to 0.5 Mpa.
6). Disconnect the charge set and the charging cylinder, and set the 2-way and 3-way valves to the open
position
Be sure to use a hexagonal wrench to operate the valve stems.
7). Mount the valve stems nuts and the service port cap
Be sure to use a torque wrench to tighten the service port cap to a torque 18N.m.
Be sure to check the gas leakage.
6.7 Re-installation while the outdoor unit need to be repaired
1. Evacuation for the whole system
Procedure:
1). Confirm that both the 2-way and 3-way valves are set to the opened position.
2). Connect the vacuum pump to 3-way valve’s service port.
3). Evacuation for approximately one hour. Confirm that the compound meter indicates -0.1Mpa.
4). Close the valve (Low side) on the charge set, turn off the vacuum pump, and confirm that the gauge
needle does not move (approximately 5 minutes after turning off the vacuum pump).
5). Disconnect the charge hose from the vacuum pump.
35
2. Refrigerant charging
Electronic scale
Procedure:
1). Connect the charge hose to the charging cylinder, open the 2-way valve and the 3-way valve
Connect the charge hose which you disconnected from the vacuum pump to the valve at the bottom of
the cylinder. If the refrigerant is R410A, make the cylinder bottom up to ensure liquid charge.
2). Purge the air from the charge hose
Open the valve at the bottom of the cylinder and press the check valve on the charge set to purge the
air (be careful of the liquid refrigerant).
3) Put the charging cylinder onto the electronic scale and record the weight.
4). Open the valves (Low side) on the charge set and charge the system with liquid refrigerant
If the system cannot be charge with the specified amount of refrigerant, or can be charged with a little at
a time (approximately 150g each time) , operating the air conditioner in the cooling cycle; however, one
time is not sufficient, wait approximately 1 minute and then repeat the procedure.
5).When the electronic scale displays the proper weight, disconnect the charge hose from the 3-way
valve’s service port immediately
If the system has been charged with liquid refrigerant while operating the air conditioner, turn off the air
conditioner before disconnecting the hose.
6). Mounted the valve stem caps and the service port
36
Use torque wrench to tighten the service port cap to a torque of 18N.m.
Be sure to check for gas leakage.
37
7. Operation characteristics
CAUTION:
1. If air conditioner is used outside of the above conditions, certain safety protection features may
come into operation and cause the unit to function abnormally.
2. Room relative humidity less than 80%. If the air conditioner operates in excess of this figure, the
surface of the air conditioner may attract condensation. Please sets the vertical air flow louver to its
maximum angle (vertically to the floor), and set HIGH fan mode.
3. Optimum performance will be achieved within this operating temperature.
38
8. Electronic function
8.1 Abbreviation
T1: Indoor room temperature
T2: Coil temperature of evaporator
T3: Coil temperature of condenser
T4: Outdoor ambient temperature
T5: Compressor discharge temperature
8.2 Display function
8.2.1 Icon explanation on indoor display board.
OPERATION indication lamp:
This lamp illuminates when the air conditioner is in operation.
AUTO indication lamp: Lights up during the Auto operation.
Ion indication lamp(optional function):
Lights up when Clean Air feature is activated and Ionizer can generate
abundant anions to fill the room with refreshing and natural air.
TIMER indication lamp: Lights up during Timer operation.
39
DEFROST indication lamp (For cooling & heating models only):
Lights up when the air conditioner starts defrosting automatically or when
the warm air control feature is activated in heating operation.
DIGITAL DISPLAY:
Displays the current setting temperature and malfunction/protection code
when the air conditioner is in operation.
Frequency display: This display is separated into five zones. The zones
illuminate based on the compressor current frequency. For example,
higher frequency will illuminate more zones.
8.3 Main Protection
8.3.1 Three Minutes Delay at restart for compressor
1 minute delay for the 1st time start-up and 3 minutes delay for others.
8.3.2 Temperature protection of compressor top
The unit will stop working when the compressor top temp. protector cut off, and will restart after the
compressor top temp. protector restart.
8.3.3 Temperature protection of compressor discharge
When the compressor discharge temp. is getting higher, the running frequency will be limited as below
rules:
---Compressor discharge temp. T5>115 for 5s, compressor stops.
---108<T5<115, decrease the frequency to the lower level every 3 minutes.
---90<T5<105, keep running at the current frequency.
----T5<90, no limit for frequency.
8.3.4 Fan Speed is out of control
When Indoor Fan Speed keeps too low (300RPM) for certain time, the unit will stop and the LED will
display the failure
8.3.5 Inverter module Protection
The Inverter module has a protection function about current, voltage and temperature. If these
protections happen, the corresponding code will display on indoor unit and the unit will stop working.
40
8.3.6 Indoor fan delayed open function
When the unit starts up, the louver will be active immediately and the indoor fan will open 10s later.
If the unit runs in heating mode, the indoor fan will be also controlled by anti-cold wind function.
8.3.7 Compressor preheating functions
Preheating permitting condition:
If T4(outdoor ambient temperature) 3 and the machine connects to power supply newly or if T4 3 and compressor has stopped for over 3 hours, the compressor heating cable will work.
Preheating mode:
A weak current flow through the coil of compressor from the wiring terminal of the compressor, then the
compressor is heated without operation.
Preheating release condition:
If T4 5 or the compressor starts running, the preheating function will stop.
8.3.8 Zero crossing detection error protection
If AC detects time interval is not correct for continuous 240s, the unit will stop and the LED will display
the failure. The correct zero crossing signal time interval should be between 6-13ms.
8.4 Operation Modes and Functions
8.4.1 Fan mode.
(1) Outdoor fan and compressor stop.
(2) Temperature setting function is disabled, and no setting temperature is displayed.
(3) Indoor fan can be set to high/med/low/auto.
(4) The louver operates same as in cooling mode.
(5) Auto fan:
27.5
High
27
25.5
Medium
25
Low
41
8.4.2 Cooling Mode
8.4.2.1 Compressor running rules:
The operation frequency of compressor after starting submits to following rule.
Fmax=F4
45
43
Fmax=F7
40
38
Fmax=F8
30
28
Fmax=F6
22
20
Fmax=F3
If users switch on AC by remote controller, the compressor will run at the Fmax frequency for 7
minutes according to the outdoor ambient temp. During the 7 minutes, the frequency limitation is active.
7 minutes later, the compressor running frequency will be controlled as below:
3.5
A
3.0
B
2.5
C
2.0
D
1.5
E
1.0
F
0.5
-0.5
G
-1.0
H
While
Temp. zone
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
Frequency
F8
F8
F7
F6
F5
F3
F1
42
Note:
When T1-Ts keeps in the same temp. zone for 3 minutes, the compressor will run as the below rules:
A~E: Increase the frequency to the higher level until to F8.
F: Keep the current frequency.
G: Decrease the frequency to the lower level until to F1.
H: Run at F1 for 1h.(if T1-Ts<-2, the compressor will stop)
Meanwhile, the compressor running frequency is limited by the current.
Off
I3COOL
Decrease
I2COOL
Hold
I1COOL
Resume
Off: Compressor stops.
Decrease: Decrease the running frequency to the lower level.
Hold: Keep the current frequency.
Resume: No limitation for frequency.
Note:
When AC is in “hold” zone for 3 minutes, the compressor frequency will rise to the higher
level.(frequency will increase twice at most)
8.4.2.2 Outdoor fan running rules:
22
High
20
Low
8.4.2.3 Indoor fan running rules
In cooling mode, indoor fan runs all the time and the speed can be selected as high, medium, low and
43
auto.
Auto fan in cooling mode acts as follow:
4
High
3
Medium
1.5
1
Low
8.4.2.4 Condenser high temperature T3 protection.
---55 <T3<60, the compressor frequency will decrease to the lower level until to F1 and then runs
at F1.If T3<54, the compressor will keep running at the current frequency.
---T3<52, the compressor will not limit the frequency and resume to the former frequency.
---T3>60 for 5 seconds, the compressor will stop until T3<52.
8.4.2.5 Evaporator low temperature T2 protection.
---T2<0, the compressor will stop and restart when T2>=5.
---0T2<4, the compressor frequency will be limited and decreased to the lower level
---4≤T2≤7 , the compressor will keep the current frequency.
---T2>7, the compressor frequency will not be limited.
44
8.4.3 Heating Mode
8.4.3.1 Compressor running rules:
The maximum operation frequency of the compressor after starting submits to the following rule.
34
33
28
27
Off
Fmax=F2
25
24
Fmax=F3
22
21
Fmax=F4
19
18
Fmax=F5
17
16
Fmax=F6
15
14
Fmax=F7
12
11
Fmax=F8
6
5
Fmax=F9
Fmax=F10
If users switch on AC by remote controller, the compressor will run at the Fmax frequency for 7
minutes according to outdoor ambient temp. During the 7 minutes, the frequency limitation is active.
7 minutes later, the compressor running frequency will be controlled as below:
45
H
H
+5.0
+4.5
G
+3.5
+3.0
F
+2.5
E
+2.0
D
C
+1.5
B
+1.0
+0.5
A
While
∆T=0
Temp. zone
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
Frequency
F10
F9
F8
F7
F5
F3
F1
as factory setting.
Note:
When T1-Ts keeps in the same temp. zone for 3 minutes, the compressor will run as the below rules:
A~E: Increase the frequency to the higher level until to F10.
F: Keep the current frequency.
G: Decrease the frequency to the lower level until to F1.
H: Run at F1 for 1h.(if T1-Ts-∆T >6, the compressor will stop)
Meanwhile, the compressor running frequency is limited by the current.
46
Off
I3HEAT
Decrease
I2HEAT
Hold
I1HEAT
Resume
Off: Compressor stops.
Decrease: Decrease the running frequency to the lower level.
Hold: Keep the current frequency.
Resume: No limitation for frequency.
Note:
When AC is in “hold” zone for 3 minutes, the compressor frequency will rise to the higher level. (The
frequency will increase twice at most)
8.4.3.2 Outdoor fan running rules:
17
Low
15
High
47
8.4.3.3 Indoor fan running rules:
Setting
44
38
37
Low
34
33
Breeze
17
Off
If the compressor stops caused by the room temperature rising, the indoor fan will be forced to run 127
seconds with breeze. During this period, the anti-cold-wind is disabled.
If the machine runs in rating capacity test mode, the indoor fan will run with rating speed and the
anti-cold-wind function is disabled.
Indoor fan speed can be set as high, medium, low or auto fan and the anti-cold-wind function is
preferential.
Auto fan action in heating mode:
Low
2.5
2
Medium
1.5
1
High
8.4.3.4 Defrosting mode
Condition of defrosting:
----T4 0,
When the units are running, if the following two items are satisfied, the units start defrosting:
The units run with T3 3 for 40 minutes and T3 keeps lower than TCDI for more than 3 minutes.
48
The units run with T3 3 for 80 minutes and T3 keeps lower than TCDI+2 for more than 3
minutes. While TCDI= 6.
----T4 0,
If the 1st condition and 2nd condition items are satisfied, then the program judges if T2 has decreased
more than 5.When T2 has decreased more than 5, enter the defrosting mode.
----No matter what value T4 is, if the machine runs with T3 3 for more than 120 minutes and T3
keeps lower than TCDI+4 for more than 3 minutes, the machine will enter defrosting mode no
matter if T2 drops more than 5 or not.
Condition of ending defrosting:
If any one of the following items is satisfied, the defrosting will finish and the machine will turn to
normal heating mode.
----T3 rises to be higher than TCDE1.
----T3 keeps to be higher than TCDE2 for 80 seconds.
----The machine has run for 10 minutes in defrosting mode.
While TCDE1=15, TCDE2=8 for 18k,24k models. TCDE1=12, TCDE2=8 for other models.
49
Defrosting action
For 18k, 24k models:
Model
FD
FD1
MS9A-18HRDN1-MS0W,
60
70
90
100
MS9A-24HRDN1-MS0W
MS9A-18HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-24HRDN1-MP0W
MS9A-24CRDN1-MP0W
50
For other models:
8.4.3.5 Evaporator coil temperature protection
----T2> TEH2 , the compressor running frequency decreases to the lower level and runs for 20s.
When the frequency decreases to F2 and the T2 is still over TEH2 for 3 minutes, the compressor
will stop.
----T2<48 or T2 stays in 48~ TEH2 for 6 minutes, the frequency will not be limited by T2.
----T2>60, the compressor will stop and restart when T2<48.
While TEH2=55 for MS9A-9HRDN1-BQ0W, MS9A-24HRDN1-MP0W, MS9A-24HRDN1-MS0W;
MS9A-24CRDN1-MP0W ; TEH2=53 for other models.
8.4.4 Auto-mode
This mode can be chosen with remote controller and the setting temperature can be changed between
17~30.
In auto mode, the machine will choose cooling, heating or fan-only mode according to ∆T (∆T =T1-Ts).
∆T=T1-Ts
Running mode
51
∆T 1
Cooling
-1<∆T≤1
Fan-only
∆T≤-1
Heating
Indoor fan will run at auto fan of the relevant mode.
The louver operates same as in relevant mode.
If the machine switches mode between heating and cooling, the compressor will keep stopping for 15
minutes and then choose mode according to T1-Ts.
If the setting temperature is modified, the machine will choose running function again.
8.4.5 Drying mode
8.4.5.1
Indoor fan speed is fixed at breeze and can’t be changed. The louver angle is the same as
in cooling mode.
8.4.5.2
Compressor running rules
2.5
F3
2.0
1.5
F2
1.0
0.5
F1
0.0
F1
8.4.5.3 Low indoor room temperature protection
In drying mode, if room temperature is lower than 10 , the compressor will stop and not resume until
room temperature exceeds 12.
8.4.5.4 Evaporator anti-freezing protection, condenser high temperature protection and outdoor unit
frequency limit are active and the same as that in cooling mode.
8.4.5.5 The outdoor fan operates the same as in cooling mode.
8.4.6 Forced operation function
8.4.6.1 Enter forced operation function:
52
When the machine is off, pressing the touch button will carry the machine to forced auto mode. After
this, pressing the button once again within 5 seconds, the machine will turn into forced cooling mode.
In forced auto, forced cooling or any other operation mode, pressing touch button will turn off the
machine.
8.4.6.2 In forced operation mode, all general protections and remote control are available.
8.4.6.3 Operation rules:
Forced cooling mode:
The compressor runs at F2 frequency and indoor fan runs as breeze. After running for 30 minutes, the
machine will turn to auto mode as 24 setting temperature.
Forced auto mode:
The action of forced auto mode is the same as normal auto mode with 24 setting temperature.
8.4.7 Timer function
8.4.7.1 Timing range is 24 hours.
8.4.7.2 Timer on. The machine will turn on automatically when reaching the setting time.
8.4.7.3 Timer off. The machine will turn off automatically when reaching the setting time.
8.4.7.4 Timer on/off. The machine will turn on automatically when reaching the setting “on” time, and
then turn off automatically when reaching the setting “off” time.
8.4.7.5 Timer off/on.The machine will turn off automatically when reaching the setting “off” time, and
then turn on automatically when reaching the setting “on” time.
8.4.7.6 The timer function will not change the AC current operation mode. Suppose AC is off now, it will
not start up firstly after setting the “timer off” function. And when reaching the setting time, the timer
LED will be off and the AC running mode has not been changed.
8.4.7.7 The setting time is relative time.
8.4.8 Sleep function mode
8.4.8.1 Operation time in sleep mode is 7 hours. After 7 hours the AC quits this mode and turns off.
8.4.8.2. Operation process in sleep mode is as follow:
When cooling, the setting temperature rises 1 (be lower than 30) every one hour, 2 hours later the
setting temperature stops rising and indoor fan is fixed as low speed.
53
When heating, the setting temperature decreases 1 (be higher than 17) every one hour, 2 hours
later the setting temperature stops rising and indoor fan is fixed as low speed. (Anti-cold wind function
has the priority)
8.4.8.3 Timer setting is available
8.4.8.4 When user uses timer off function in sleep mode (or sleep function in timer off mode), if the
timing is less than 7 hours, sleep function will be cancelled when reaching the setting time. If the timing
is more than 7 hours, the machine will not stop until reaches the setting time in sleep mode.
8.4.9 Auto-Restart function
The indoor unit is equipped with auto-restart function, which is carried out through an auto-restart
module. In case of a sudden power failure, the module memorizes the setting conditions before the
power failure. The unit will resume the previous operation setting (not including swing function)
automatically after 3 minutes when power returns.
If the memorization condition is forced cooling mode, the unit will run in cooling mode for 30 minutes
and turn to auto mode as 24 setting temp.
If AC is off before power off and AC is required to start up now, the compressor will have 1 minute
delay when power on. Other conditions, the compressor will have 3 minutes delay when restarts.
8.4.10 Ionizer function (optional)
The indoor unit is equipped with Ionizer, which is controlled by the CLEAN AIR button on the remote
controller. When the unit is turned on, press the CLEAN AIR button to activate the function. Press it
again to stop the function. During the time when Ionizer is controlled by remote controller, Ionizer will
be turned off automatically if indoor fan stops running due to malfunctions or anti-cold-wind. When
indoor fan restarts after malfunctions being eliminated and anti-cold-wind being released, Ionizer will
be available again.
8.4.11, 8 Heating(optional)
In heating operation, the preset temperature of the air conditioner can be as lower as 8 , which keeps
the room temperature steady at 8 and prevents household things freezing when the house is
unoccupied for a long time in severe cold weather.
54
9. Troubleshooting
9.1 Indoor Unit Error Display
Display
LED STATUS
E0
EEPROM parameter error
E1
Indoor / outdoor units communication protection
E2
Zero-crossing signal error
E3
Indoor fan speed out of control
E5
Open or short circuit of outdoor temperature sensor or outdoor unit
EEPROM parameter error
E6
Open or short circuit of room or evaporator temperature sensor
E7
Outdoor fan speed out of control
P0
IBM malfunction or IGBT over-strong current protection
P1
Over voltage or too low voltage protection
P2
Temperature protection of compressor top.
P4
Inverter compressor drive error
Note: E4 & P3: Reserved function.
Outdoor unit error display:
On the outdoor PCB, there are two LED lights. One is green, the other is red. You can judge what the
error is through the status of the two lights.
LED6
Error
Green
LED5
Red
Over voltage or too low voltage protection
O
O
Stand by
O
X
Over voltage or too low voltage protection
O
Normal operation
X
Inverter compressor drive error
X
Indoor unit display
P1
P1
O
P4
Inverter compressor drive error
O
P4
IBM malfunction or IGBT over-strong
current protection
X
P0
Inverter compressor drive error
O light
P4
X off
55
flash
9.2 Diagnosis and Solution
9.2.1 EEPROM parameter error diagnosis and solution
Shut off the power supply and turn on it 5s later
The problem comes out again
Is the EEPROM chip plugged in indoor PCB well?
Replace the main PCB of indoor unit
56
No
Correct the connection
9.2.2 Indoor unit and outdoor unit communication protection error diagnosis and solution
Power off, then power on the A/C by
the breaker.(reconnect the power
wire). Is the E1 extinguished?
No
Check the wiring on the outdoor
terminal and indoor terminal follow
the wiring diagram. Is all the
connecting correctly?
Yes
No
-24V<Vs<+24V?
(Vs is the voltage between S and N).
Yes
Is the wiring to the indoor PCB
connecting correctly?
Is the wiring to the outdoor PCB
connecting correctly?
Yes
Yes
Change the outdoor PCB
Change the indoor PCB
Power on. Is the E1 extinguished
after 3 minutes?
Power on. Is the E1 extinguished
after 3 minutes?
No
No
Change the indoor PCB
Change the outdoor PCB
57
9.2.3 Fan speed has been out of control diagnosis
Shut off the power supply and turn on it 5s later
The unit does not work normally
Turn off the unit, rotate the cross
fan. Does it rotate freely?
No
Disassemble the connection between
fan and motor, check if the bearing is
normal. If not, change the bearing. If
yes, follow the below step.
Yes
Is the fan motor connector and
connection good?
Yes
Is the voltage being applied to the fan
motor?
Yes
Replace the fan motor
No
Replace the PCB
9.2.4 Open or short circuit of temperature sensor diagnosis and solution
Check the connections between
the sensors and the PCB. Are the
connections good?
Yes
Replace the sensor and check if
the errors happen again?
Yes
58
Replace the outdoor PCB
9.2.5 IGBT over-strong current protection diagnosis and solution
Check whether the connections between
outdoor PCB and IPM are good?
Yes
No
Check whether the IPM is fixed to radiator
tightly
Replace the IPM
Fastening the IPM to the radiator
The unit does not work normally
Replace the compressor
9.2.6 Over voltage or too low voltage protection diagnosis and solution
No
Is the power supply good?
Make sure the power supply is normal.
Yes
Replace the outdoor e-box.
9.2.7 High temperature protection of compressor top diagnosis and solution
Does the compressor operate?
No
Is the connection good?
Yes
Is refrigerant circulation
volume normal?
Reconnect it
Yes
Is protector normal?
No,
Charge refrigerant
Is the abnormality the same
after gas charging?
No
Yes
Replace the outdoor PCB.
There is block (Such as capillary or
welded points of the pipes.)
59
No
Replace it
9.2.8 Inverter compressor drive error diagnosis and solution
Is the connection of compressor good?
Is the wiring sequence right? The
voltage range proper?
No
Reconnect and retry
Yes
Replace the outdoor PCB
No
Replace inverter compressor.
9.2.9 Zero crossing detection error
This is alarm signal when the main chip can’t detect over-zero signal. When such failure occurs, the
main control board must have fault.
60
Appendix:
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
F
48
50
52
54
56
58
60
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
F
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
F
76
78
80
82
84
86
88
31
32
33
34
35
F
90
92
94
96
98
61
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