Physium Application_Eng

Physium Application_Eng
For fx-CG Series
Physium
Application
User’s Guide
CASIO Worldwide Education Website
http://edu.casio.com
CASIO EDUCATIONAL FORUM
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E
Contents
Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
Physium Overview
Starting Up Physium
Periodic Table
Fundamental Physical Constants
Calling Physium Functions from an eActivity
Precautions
20110901
1-1
Physium Overview
1 Physium Overview
• The Physium application provides you with the following capabilities.
Periodic Table of Elements
• The application can be used to display periodic table of elements.
• Table shows atomic number, element symbol, atomic weight, etc.
• Elements can be search for based on element name, element symbol, atomic number or
atomic weight.
• You can edit atomic weight values.
• Atomic numbers, element symbols, electron configurations, and atomic weights can be
saved to a spreadsheet in the Spreadsheet mode.
Fundamental Physical Constants
• The application can be used to display fundamental physical constants, which are
grouped for easy referencing.
• Physical constants can be edited and saved as required.
• Physical constants can be stored in Alpha memory and used in the Run-Matrix mode.
Note
• On-screen messages are displayed in the language selected with the language setting.
• This application can run on calculators installed with fx-CG Series OS Version 1.03 or
greater. It will not run on a calculator installed with an OS Version lower than 1.03.
20110901
2-1
Starting Up Physium
2 Starting Up Physium
1. From the Main Menu, enter the Physium mode.
Physium mode
2. This displays an initial screen like the one shown below.
Cursor
3. Use f and c to move the highlighting and select the type of information you want
(Periodic Table or Fundamental Physical Constants).
4. Press w to display the information you selected in step 3 (Periodic Table or
Fundamental Physical Constants).
20110901
3-1
Periodic Table
3 Periodic Table
k Periodic Table Screen
Cursor
Element Symbol
Atomic Weight
Atomic Number
Group Number
Period Number
• Group numbers run along top of the screen, while period numbers run down the left.
• Lanthanoids are indicated as L`, while actinoids are indicated as A`.
• The atomic number, element symbol, and atomic weight for the element where the cursor
is currently located are shown in the area outside of the periodic table.
• Transition elements (lanthanoids and actinoids) are shown below the periodic table.
• When a lanthanoid is selected, the information in the upper right shows the corresponding
atomic number (57 to 71), “Lant.” for the element symbol, and blank for the atomic weight.
When an actinoid is selected, the information shows the corresponding atomic number
(89 to 103), “Acti.” for the element symbol, and blank for the atomic weight.
• Use f, c, d, and e to move the cursor around the screen.
1(SERIES) 1(TRANS) .................Highlights the cells of elements whose metallicity
makes them transition elements.
2(A • METAL) .............Highlights the cells of elements that are in the
Alkali Metals category.
3(A • EARTH) .............Highlights the cells of elements that are in the
Alkaline Earth Metal category.
4(HALOGEN) ............Highlights the cells of elements that are in the
Halogens category.
5(N • GAS) .................Highlights the cells of elements that are in the
Noble Gases category.
6(R • EARTH) .............Highlights the cells of elements that are in the
Rare Earth category.
2(RESET) .......................................Clears highlighting from the periodic table screen.
3(ALL)1(STORE) ........................Saves all of the atomic numbers, element
symbols, electron configurations, and atomic
weights in the periodic table to a spreadsheet in
the Spreadsheet mode.
2(INITIAL) .........................Returns all atomic weight values for all of the
elements in the periodic table to their initial
defaults.
20110901
3-2
Periodic Table
4(LARGE) .......................................Displays the enlarged periodic table screen (page
3-5).
5(SEARCH)1(NAME) ..................Displays a dialog box to search for an element
name.
2(SYMBOL) .............Displays a dialog box to search for an element
symbol.
3(No.) .......................Displays a dialog box to search for an atomic
number.
4(WEIGHT) ..............Displays a dialog box to search for an atomic
weight.
6(DETAIL)(or w) ..........................Displays a screen with details about the element
where the cursor is located (page 3-6). Note
that the detail screen does not appear when
lanthanoids or actinoids are selected.
J ....................................................Returns to the Physium initial screen.
u Searching for an Element Name
1. On the periodic table screen, press 5(SEARCH) and then 1(NAME).
• This will display an element name search dialog box.
2. Enter up to nine characters for the element name you want to search for.
• The screen will change to show all elements whose names start with the character(s)
you input.
3. Use f and c to select the element name you want.
4. Press w to return to the periodic table screen, with the cursor located at the element you
selected in step 3.
• “Nothing” will appear on the screen if no element name corresponds to the character(s)
you input.
• To close the dialog box and return to the periodic table screen without searching for
anything, press J.
• When searching for a name that includes an accented character (á, é, etc.), enter the
letter without the accent. Chinese language searches are performed using pinyin.
20110901
3-3
Periodic Table
u Searching for an Element Symbol
1. On the periodic table screen, press 5(SEARCH) and then 2(SYMBOL).
• This will display an element symbol search dialog
box.
2. Enter up to nine characters for the element symbol you want to search for.
• The screen will change to show all elements whose element symbols start with the
character(s) you input.
3. Use f and c to select the element symbol you want.
4. Press w to return to the periodic table screen, with the cursor located at the element you
selected in step 3.
• “Nothing” will appear on the screen if no element name corresponds to the character(s)
you input.
• To close the dialog box and return to the periodic table screen without searching for
anything, press J.
u Atomic Number Search
1. On the periodic table screen, press 5(SEARCH) and then 3(No.).
• This will display an atomic number search dialog
box.
2. Enter up to three digits for the atomic number you want to search for.
3. Press w to return to the periodic table screen, with the cursor located at the element
that corresponds to the atomic number you input in step 2.
• If there is no element that corresponds to the atomic number you input, pressing w will
return to the periodic table screen with the cursor at the same location it was when you
started this procedure.
• To close the dialog box and return to the periodic table screen without searching for
anything, press J.
20110901
3-4
Periodic Table
u Atomic Weight Search
1. On the periodic table screen, press 5(SEARCH) and then 4(WEIGHT).
• This will display an atomic weight search dialog box.
2. Enter a value up nine digits long (including numbers and decimal point) for the atomic
weight you want to search for.
• The screen will change to show all elements whose atomic weight corresponds to the
numbers you input.
3. Use f and c to select the atomic weight you want.
4. Press w to return to the periodic table screen, with the cursor located at the element you
selected in step 3.
• “Nothing” will appear on the screen if no atomic weight corresponds to the number(s) you
input.
• To close the dialog box and return to the periodic table screen without searching for
anything, press J.
u To store atomic numbers, element symbols, electron configurations, and
atomic weights to a spreadsheet in the Spreadsheet mode
1. While the periodic table is displayed, press 3(ALL)1(STORE).
• This displays the file name input screen.
2. Input a file name and then press w.
Note
The data shown below is saved to the spreadsheet.
Column A: Atomic numbers (values from 1 to 118)
Column B: Element symbols
Column C: Electron configurations
Column D: Atomic weights (Values edited on the detail
screen)
20110901
3-5
Periodic Table
u To return atomic weight values to their initial defaults
1. While the periodic table is displayed, press 3(ALL)2(INITIAL).
• This displays the message shown below.
2. Press 1(Yes).
k Enlarged Screen
Cursor
• The periodic table is displayed as a maximized screen.
• Use f, c, d, and e to move the cursor around the screen.
4(NORMAL) (or J) .... Returns to the periodic table screen.
6(DETAIL) (or w) ........ Displays a screen with details about the element where the
cursor is located (page 3-6). The lanthanoids screen will
appear when L` is selected, and the actinoids screen will
appear when A` is selected.
u Lanthanoids Screen and Actinoids Screen
Cursor
• Selecting L` on the enlarged screen and pressing 6(DETAIL) or w displays the
lanthanoids screen, while selecting A` and pressing 6(DETAIL) or w displays the
actinoids.
• Use f, c, d, and e to move the cursor around the screen.
6(DETAIL) (or w) ....... Displays a screen with details about the element where the
cursor is located.
J ................................... Returns to the enlarged screen.
20110901
3-6
Periodic Table
k Detail Screen
Pressing 6(DETAIL) or w while the Periodic Table Screen or enlarged screen is
displayed will display a detail screen of the element where the cursor is located.
Element Symbol
Element Graphic Image
Atomic Number
Element Name
Properties
Electron Configuration
Explanation of Graphic Image
Atomic Weight
• The detail screen shows the atomic number, element symbol, element name, properties,
electron configuration, atomic weight, and a graphic image of the element.
• An atomic weight value in square brackets ([ ]) indicates the atomic weight of the most
well-known element among isotopes. In this case, an asterisk (*) will be appended at the
end of the element name.
1(EDIT) .......................... Edits the atomic weight.
2(STORE) ...................... Saves the atomic weight value to Alpha memory.
3(INITIAL) ...................... Returns the atomic weight value to their default.
6(1⇔ [1]) ........................ Changes the display format of the atomic weight.
u To edit the atomic weight
1. Press 1(EDIT).
• This enters the atomic weight editing mode.
2. Input the atomic weight value you want.
• You can input up to 11 digits, including values and a decimal point for an atomic weight.
3. Press w.
• This saves the value you input.
• Pressing 3(INITIAL) returns the atomic weight to its initial default.
20110901
3-7
Periodic Table
u To save an atomic weight value to Alpha memory
1. Press 2(STORE).
• This displays the “Store Alpha Mem.” dialog box.
2. Enter a character for the Alpha memory where you want to save the value.
3. Press w.
u To change the display format of the atomic weight
1. Press 6(1⇔ [1]).
• Each press of 6(1⇔ [1]) toggles the atomic weight value between being enclosed in
square brackets ([ ]) and not enclosed in square brackets.
6(1⇔ [1])
• Enclosing the atomic weight value in square brackets also causes an asterisk (*) to be
appended to the end of the element name.
20110901
4-1
Fundamental Physical Constants
4 Fundamental Physical Constants
k Category Selection Screen
b(Universal) ................... Displays a list of universal physical constants.
c(Electromagnetic) ........ Displays a list of electromagnetic physical constants.
d(Atomic & Nuclear) ...... Displays a list of atomic and nuclear physical constants.
e(Physico-Chemical) ..... Displays a list of physico-chemical physical constants.
f(Adopted Values) ......... Displays a list of adopted values physical constants.
a(My Drawer) ................. Displays the “My Drawer” screen.
J ................................... Returns to the Physium initial screen.
k Built-in Constants
• The following is a list of the constants that this application includes as built-in fundamental
physical constants.
Category
Universal
Electromagnetic
Quantity
c : speed of light in vacuum
μ0 : magnetic constant
ε0 : electric constant
Z0 : characteristic impedance of vacuum
G : Newtonian constant of gravitation
h : Planck constant
H : Planck constant over 2 pi
mp : Planck mass
lp : Planck length
tp : Planck time
e : elementary charge
φ0 : magnetic flux quantum
G0 : conductance quantum
KJ : Josephson constant
RK : von Klitzing constant
μ B : Bohr magneton
μ N : nuclear magneton
20110901
Value
299792458
1.25663706E–6
8.8541878E–12
376.7303135
6.67384E–11
6.6260695E–34
1.0545717E–34
2.17651E–8
1.616199E–35
5.39106E–44
1.6021765E–19
2.0678337E–15
7.74809173E–5
4.8359787E14
25812.80744
9.2740096E–24
5.0507835E–27
4-2
Fundamental Physical Constants
Category
Atomic & Nuclear
PhysicoChemical
Adopted Values
Quantity
α : fine-structure constant
R∞ : Rydberg constant
a0 : Bohr radius
me : electron mass
μ e : electron magnetic moment
m μ : muon mass
μ μ : muon magnetic moment
Value
7.29735257E–3
10973731.57
5.2917721E–11
9.1093829E–31
–9.284764E–24
1.8835314E–28
m τ : tau mass
3.16747E–27
1.6726217E–27
1.4106067E–26
1.6749273E–27
–9.662364E–27
6.0221429E23
1.6605389E–27
96485.3365
8.3144621
1.3806488E–23
mp : proton mass
μ p : proton magnetic moment
mn : neutron mass
μ n : neutron magnetic moment
NA : Avogadro constant
mu : atomic mass constant
F : Faraday constant
R : molar gas constant
k : Boltzmann constant
Vm : molar volume of ideal gas
(273.15 K, 100 kPa)
σ : Stefan-Boltzmann constant
KJ–90 : conventional value of Josephson constant
RK–90 : conventional value of von Klitzing
constant
gn : standard acceleration of gravity
20110901
–4.490448E–26
0.022710953
5.670373E–8
483597.9
25812.807
9.80665
4-3
Fundamental Physical Constants
k Constant List Screen
• The constant list screen shows each constant in the format: Symbol = Value.
• Use f and c to move the highlighting to the constant you want to select.
1(EDIT) .......................... Enters the editing mode for editing the currently selected
constant. The editing mode is also entered automatically
whenever a number key is pressed while a constant is
selected.
2(STORE) ...................... Stores the currently selected constant in Alpha memory.
3(DETAIL) (or w) ........ Displays a dialog box with details about the currently
selected constant.
4(KEEP)......................... Stores the currently selected constant in My Drawer.
• Press 4(KEEP) causes the message “Complete!” to
appear on the display. Press J to clear the message
from the screen.
5(INITIAL) ...................... Returns the currently selected constant to its initial default
value.
6(ALL • INIT) ................... Returns all constants to their initial default values.
J ................................... Returns to the category selection screen.
k My Drawer Screen
• Pressing 4(KEEP) while the constant list screen is on the display will save the currently
selected constant to the My Drawer screen. The My Drawer screen displays constants in
the sequence they are saved.
2(STORE) ...................... Stores the currently selected constant in Alpha memory.
3(DETAIL) (or w) ........ Displays a dialog box with details about the currently
selected constant.
6(DELETE) .................... Deletes the currently selected constant.
J ................................... Returns to the category selection screen.
20110901
4-4
Fundamental Physical Constants
k Editing a Constant
1. Select the constant you want to edit, and then press 1(EDIT).
• This enters the editing mode.
2. Edit the constant as desired.
3. Press w.
• This saves the edited version of the constant.
• Even if you input more than 15 digits for a constant value, only the 15 most significant
digits are saved.
• A Syntax ERROR occurs if the resulting constant is the wrong format.
• An Ma ERROR occurs if the resulting constant is mathematically incorrect or illegal.
k Saving a Constant to Alpha Memory
1. Select the constant you want to save in Alpha memory and then press 2(STORE).
• This displays the “Store Alpha Mem.” dialog box.
2. Enter a letter that represents the Alpha memory where you want to store the constant.
3. Press w.
• Now when you recall the applicable Alpha memory in the Run-Matrix mode, the
calculator will input the constant stored there.
20110901
4-5
Fundamental Physical Constants
k Details Dialog Box
• Selecting a constant and pressing 3(DETAIL) or w will display a dialog box with
details about the selected constant.
• The details dialog box shows the constant name, symbol, and unit.
Name
Symbol
Unit
k Returning All Constants to their Initial Default Values
• While the constant list screen is on the display, press 6(ALL • INIT) to display the Init All
dialog box.
• Press 1(Yes) to return all of the constants to their initial default values.
20110901
5-1
Calling Physium Functions from an eActivity
5 Calling Physium Functions from an eActivity
You can call Physium functions from an eActivity by including a “Physium strip” in the
eActivity file.
This section explains how to insert a Physium strip into an eActivity file, and how to use
inserted a Physium strip. For details about eActivity operations, see “Chapter 10 eActivity” in
the fx-CG10/fx-CG20 Software User’s Guide that comes with the calculator.
k Inserting a Physium Strip into an eActivity File
The following procedure assumes that the eActivity file into which you want to insert the
Physium strip is already open. For information about creating a new file and other basic
eActivity operations, see “3. eActivity File Operations” (page 10-4) in the fx-CG10/fx-CG20
Software User’s Guide that comes with the calculator.
u To insert a Physium Strip into an eActivity file
1. On the eActivity workspace screen, move the cursor the location where you want to insert
the Physium strip.
2. Press 2(STRIP).
• This will display a dialog box with a list of insertable strips.
3. Use f and c to move the highlighting to the Physium strip you want to insert.
20110901
5-2
Calling Physium Functions from an eActivity
4. Press w.
• The strip is inserted above the line or the strip where the cursor is currently located.
5. Enter up to 16 characters for the strip title.
6. Press w to assign the title to the strip.
• This will highlight the strip.
• You can execute the strip here by pressing w. For details about operations that are
required when you execute a strip, see “Calling a Physium Function from a Physium
Strip” below.
k Calling a Physium Function from a Physium Strip
This section explains operations for Physium strip that can be inserted into an eActivity file.
The following procedure assumes that the applicable Physium strip has already been
inserted into an eActivity file that is currently open.
1. On the eActivity workspace screen, use the f and c keys to move the highlighting to
the Physium strip.
20110901
5-3
Calling Physium Functions from an eActivity
2. Press w.
• This launches the Physium and displays the initial screen.
3. Perform the procedure under “Starting Up Physium” (page 2-1) from step 3.
4. To return to the eActivity workspace screen, press !a(').
u Physium Strip Memory Capacity Precautions
• For information about checking the current memory usage of each strip, see “To display the
strip memory usage screen” (page 10-21) in the fx-CG10/fx-CG20 Software User’s Guide
that comes with the calculator.
20110901
6-1
Precautions
6 Precautions
• You can save screen captures of Physium screens and dialog box. For details, see
“Chapter 1 – 9. Using Screen Capture” in the fx-CG10/fx-CG20 Software User’s Guide
that comes with the calculator.
• Note that the Catalog Function described in the fx-CG10/fx-CG20 Software User’s Guide
that comes with the calculator is not supported by Physium.
• The atomic weights in this application are based on those recommended by 2009 IUPAC
(International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry).
• Electron configurations are based on information in the “CRC Handbook of Chemistry and
Physics 91st Edition”.
• The physical constants in this application are based on those recommended by the 2010
CODATA.
• A scientific constant in this application may be slightly different depending on the year it is
presented or books it is presented. Refer to appropriate information that fits your purpose
before use.
• The classification of rare earth elements may be slightly different from those in typical
textbooks or magazines in the USA.
• The classification of transition elements may be slightly different from those in typical
textbooks or magazines in the USA.
20110901
6-2
Precautions
• Copyrights of the element graphic images revert to the individuals shown in the table
below.
Element Name
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
Carbon
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Fluorine
Neon
Sodium
Magnesium
Aluminium
Silicon
Phosphorus
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Sulfur
Chlorine
Argon
Potassium
Calcium
Scandium
Titanium
Vanadium
Chromium
Manganese
Iron
Cobalt
Nickel
Copper
Zinc
Gallium
Germanium
Selenium
Bromine
Krypton
Strontium
Yttrium
Zirconium
Niobium
Molybdenum
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20110901
Element Name
Ruthenium
Rhodium
Palladium
Silver
Cadmium
Indium
Tin
Antimony
Tellurium
Iodine
Xenon
Caesium
Barium
Lanthanum
Cerium
Praseodymium
Neodymium
Samarium
Europium
Gadolinium
Terbium
Dysprosium
Holmium
Erbium
Thulium
Ytterbium
Lutetium
Tantalum
Tungsten
Rhenium
Osmium
Iridium
Platinum
Gold
Mercury
Lead
Bismuth
Radon
Uranium
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CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.
6-2, Hon-machi 1-chome
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 151-8543, Japan
SA1109-A
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