Epson | C82378 | Service manual | Epson C82378 Service manual

SERVICE MANUAL
Color Inkjet Printer
EPSON Stylus C82
®
SEIJ02003
Notice
† All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION.
† The contents of this manual are subject to change without notice.
† All effort have been made to ensure the accuracy of the contents of this manual. However, should any errors be detected, SEIKO EPSON would greatly
appreciate being informed of them.
† The above not withstanding SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION can assume no responsibility for any errors in this manual or the consequences thereof.
EPSON is a registered trademark of SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION.
General Notice:Other product names used herein are for identification purpose only and may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
EPSON disclaims any and all rights in those marks.
Copyright © 2002 SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION.
Imaging & Information Product Division
TPCS Quality Assurance Department
PRECAUTIONS
Precautionary notations throughout the text are categorized relative to 1) Personal injury and 2) damage to equipment.
DANGER
Signals a precaution which, if ignored, could result in serious or fatal personal injury. Great caution should be exercised in performing
procedures preceded by DANGER Headings.
WARNING
Signals a precaution which, if ignored, could result in damage to equipment.
The precautionary measures itemized below should always be observed when performing repair/maintenance procedures.
DANGER
1.
ALWAYS DISCONNECT THE PRODUCT FROM THE POWER SOURCE AND PERIPHERAL DEVICES PERFORMING ANY MAINTENANCE OR REPAIR PROCEDURES.
2.
NO WORK SHOULD BE PERFORMED ON THE UNIT BY PERSONS UNFAMILIAR WITH BASIC SAFETY MEASURES AS DICTATED FOR ALL ELECTRONICS
TECHNICIANS IN THEIR LINE OF WORK.
3.
WHEN PERFORMING TESTING AS DICTATED WITHIN THIS MANUAL, DO NOT CONNECT THE UNIT TO A POWER SOURCE UNTIL INSTRUCTED TO DO SO. WHEN
THE POWER SUPPLY CABLE MUST BE CONNECTED, USE EXTREME CAUTION IN WORKING ON POWER SUPPLY AND OTHER ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS.
4.
WHEN DISASSEMBLING OR ASSEMBLING A PRODUCT, MAKE SURE TO WEAR GLOVES TO AVOID INJURIER FROM METAL PARTS WITH SHARP EDGES.
WARNING
1.
REPAIRS ON EPSON PRODUCT SHOULD BE PERFORMED ONLY BY AN EPSON CERTIFIED REPAIR TECHNICIAN.
2.
MAKE CERTAIN THAT THE SOURCE VOLTAGES IS THE SAME AS THE RATED VOLTAGE, LISTED ON THE SERIAL NUMBER/RATING PLATE. IF THE EPSON PRODUCT
HAS A PRIMARY AC RATING DIFFERENT FROM AVAILABLE POWER SOURCE, DO NOT CONNECT IT TO THE POWER SOURCE.
3.
ALWAYS VERIFY THAT THE EPSON PRODUCT HAS BEEN DISCONNECTED FROM THE POWER SOURCE BEFORE REMOVING OR REPLACING PRINTED CIRCUIT
BOARDS AND/OR INDIVIDUAL CHIPS.
4.
IN ORDER TO PROTECT SENSITIVE MICROPROCESSORS AND CIRCUITRY, USE STATIC DISCHARGE EQUIPMENT, SUCH AS ANTI-STATIC WRIST STRAPS, WHEN
ACCESSING INTERNAL COMPONENTS.
5.
DO NOT REPLACE IMPERFECTLY FUNCTIONING COMPONENTS WITH COMPONENTS WHICH ARE NOT MANUFACTURED BY EPSON. IF SECOND SOURCE IC OR
OTHER COMPONENTS WHICH HAVE NOT BEEN APPROVED ARE USED, THEY COULD CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE EPSON PRODUCT, OR COULD VOID THE
WARRANTY OFFERED BY EPSON.
About This Manual
This manual describes basic functions, theory of electrical and mechanical operations, maintenance and repair procedures of the printer. The instructions and
procedures included herein are intended for the experienced repair technicians, and attention should be given to the precautions on the preceding page.
Manual Configuration
This manual consists of six chapters and Appendix.
CHAPTER 1. PRODUCT DESCRIPTIONS
Provides a general overview and specifications of the product.
CHAPTER 2. OPERATING PRINCIPLES
Describes the theory of electrical and mechanical operations of
the product.
CHAPTER 3. TROUBLESHOOTING
Describes the step-by-step procedures for the troubleshooting.
CHAPTER 4. DISASSEMBLY / ASSEMBLY
Describes the step-by-step procedures for disassembling and
assembling the product.
CHAPTER 5. ADJUSTMENT
Provides Epson-approved methods for adjustment.
CHAPTER 6. MAINTENANCE
Provides preventive maintenance procedures and the lists of
Epson-approved lubricants and adhesives required for
servicing the product.
APPENDIX Provides the following additional information for
reference:
• Connector pin assignments
• Exploded diagram
• Electrical circuit boards schematics
Symbols Used in this Manual
Various symbols are used throughout this manual either to provide additional
information on a specific topic or to warn of possible danger present during a
procedure or an action. Be aware of all symbols when they are used, and
always read NOTE, CAUTION, or WARNING messages.
A D J U S T M E N T
R E Q U IR E D
C A U T IO N
C H E C K
P O IN T
W A R N IN G
Indicates an operating or maintenance procedure, practice or
condition that is necessary to keep the product’s quality.
Indicates an operating or maintenance procedure, practice, or
condition that, if not strictly observed, could result in damage to,
or destruction of, equipment.
May indicate an operating or maintenance procedure, practice or
condition that is necessary to accomplish a task efficiently. It
may also provide additional information that is related to a
specific subject, or comment on the results achieved through a
previous action.
Indicates an operating or maintenance procedure, practice or
condition that, if not strictly observed, could result in injury or
loss of life.
Indicates that a particular task must be carried out according to a
certain standard after disassembly and before re-assembly,
otherwise the quality of the components in question may be
adversely affected.
Revision Status
Revision
Issued Date
A
July 31, 2002
Description
First Release
CONTENTS
Chapter 1 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Chapter 2 OPERATING PRINCIPLES
1.1 Features ............................................................................................................... 9
2.1 Overview ............................................................................................................
2.1.1 Printer Mechanism .....................................................................................
2.1.2 Carriage Motor Specification ....................................................................
2.1.3 Paper Feeding Motor Specification ...........................................................
2.1.4 Paper Loading Mechanism (New ASF unit) .............................................
2.1.4.1 Drive Process .....................................................................................
2.1.5 Ink System Mechanism .............................................................................
2.1.5.1 Pump Unit & Wiper mechanism .......................................................
1.2 Specifications ....................................................................................................... 9
1.2.1 Physical Specification .................................................................................. 9
1.2.2 Printing Specification .................................................................................. 9
1.2.3 Paper Feeding ............................................................................................ 10
1.2.4 Input Data Buffer ....................................................................................... 10
1.2.5 Electric Specification ................................................................................. 10
1.2.6 Environmental Condition ........................................................................... 11
1.2.7 Reliability .................................................................................................. 11
1.2.8 Safety Approvals ....................................................................................... 11
1.2.9 Acoustic Noise ........................................................................................... 11
1.2.10 CE Marking ............................................................................................. 11
1.3 Operator Controls ............................................................................................
1.3.1 Operate Switch ...........................................................................................
1.3.2 Control Panel .............................................................................................
1.3.2.1 Switches .............................................................................................
1.3.2.2 Indicators ...........................................................................................
1.3.3 Panel Functions ..........................................................................................
1.3.4 Printer Condition and Panel Status ............................................................
1.3.5 Errors .........................................................................................................
12
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
1.4 Paper ..................................................................................................................
1.4.1 Paper Handling ..........................................................................................
1.4.2 Paper Specification ....................................................................................
1.4.3 Printing Area ..............................................................................................
1.4.3.1 Cut Sheet ...........................................................................................
1.4.3.2 Envelopes ..........................................................................................
13
13
13
14
14
15
1.5 Ink Cartridge .................................................................................................... 15
1.5.1 Black Ink Cartridge .................................................................................... 15
1.5.2 Color Ink Cartridge .................................................................................... 15
17
17
17
17
17
17
18
18
2.2 Electrical Circuit Operating Principles .......................................................... 18
2.2.1 C486 PSB/PSE Board ................................................................................ 18
2.2.2 C486 MAIN Board .................................................................................... 19
Chapter 3 TROUBLESHOOTING
3.1 Overview ............................................................................................................
3.1.1 Troubleshooting With LED Error Indications ...........................................
3.1.1.1 Paper Out/Double Feed Error ............................................................
3.1.1.2 Ink Out ...............................................................................................
3.1.1.3 Fatal Error .........................................................................................
3.1.1.4 Paper Supply Faults ...........................................................................
3.1.1.5 Dot missing 1 ....................................................................................
3.1.1.6 Dot missing 2 ....................................................................................
22
22
22
22
22
23
23
23
Chapter 4 DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
4.1 Overview ............................................................................................................
4.1.1 Precautions .................................................................................................
4.1.2 Tools ..........................................................................................................
4.1.3 Screws ........................................................................................................
25
25
25
25
4.2 Disassembly ....................................................................................................... 26
4.2.1 Housing Removal ...................................................................................... 27
4.2.1.1 Upper Housing Removal ...................................................................
4.2.1.2 Panel Housing/C486 PNL Board Removal .......................................
4.2.1.3 Printhead Removal ............................................................................
4.2.1.4 Lower Housing/Printer Mechanism Removal ...................................
4.2.2 Board Removal ..........................................................................................
4.2.2.1 C486 Main Board Removal ...............................................................
4.2.2.2 C486 PSB/PSE Board Removal ........................................................
4.2.3 Printer Mechanism Disassembly ...............................................................
4.2.3.1 ASF Unit Removal ............................................................................
4.2.3.2 ASF Unit Disassembly ......................................................................
4.2.3.3 PE Sensor/PE Sensor Holder/PE Lever Removal .............................
4.2.3.4 PF Encoder & PF Encoder Base Removal ........................................
4.2.3.5 Linear Scale Removal .......................................................................
4.2.3.6 CR Guide Shaft/Carriage Unit Removal ...........................................
4.2.3.7 Ink System Unit Removal .................................................................
4.2.3.8 CR Motor Removal ...........................................................................
4.2.3.9 PF Motor Removal ............................................................................
4.2.3.10 Paper Eject Frame Unit Removal ....................................................
4.2.3.11 EJ Roller Unit Removal ..................................................................
4.2.3.12 Front Paper Guide Removal ............................................................
4.2.3.13 Upper Paper Guide Removal ...........................................................
4.2.3.14 Rear Paper Guide Removal .............................................................
4.2.3.15 PF Roller Unit Removal ..................................................................
27
27
28
29
30
30
32
32
32
33
35
36
37
37
39
39
40
40
41
41
42
42
42
Chapter 5 ADJUSTMENT
5.1 Overview ............................................................................................................ 44
5.1.1 Conditions for Each Adjustment ............................................................... 44
Chapter 6 MAINTENANCE
6.1 Overview ............................................................................................................
6.1.1 Cleaning .....................................................................................................
6.1.2 Service Maintenance ..................................................................................
6.1.3 Lubrication .................................................................................................
47
47
47
48
Chapter 7 APPENDIX
7.1 Connector Summary ........................................................................................ 52
7.1.1 Major Component Unit .............................................................................. 52
7.1.2 EEPROM Address Map ............................................................................. 54
7.2 Exploded Diagram ............................................................................................ 57
7.3 Electrical Circuits ............................................................................................. 58
CHAPTER
1
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
1.1 Features
† Nozzle configuration
„ Monochrome 180 nozzles
The major features of EPSON Stylus C82 are:
„ Color 59 nozzles x 3 (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow)
† High color print quality
„ 2880 (H) x 1440 (V) dpi printing (Max resolution)
„ 4 color printing (YMCK)
† Separate ink cartridge for each color
† Built-in auto sheet feeder
„ Holds 150 cut-sheets (90g/m2)
„ Holds 15 envelopes
Paper ejecting direction
† Built-in 2 I/F
„ Bi-directional parallel I/F (IEEE-1284 level 1 device)
NOTE: The #60 for each nozzle is only a space.
Figure 1-1. Nozzle rear view
„ USB
† Print direction
† Windows/Macintosh exclusive
„ Bi-direction with logic seeking
„ Options
10/100 Base-TX External Print Server
: C82378
EpsonNet 802.11b Wireless Ext. Print Server
: C12C82396
† Print speed & Printable columns
Table 1-1. Character mode
1.2 Specifications
Character pitch
Printable columns
LQ speed
10CPI (Pica)
80
245CPS
This section covers specifications of the printers.
Table 1-2. Raster graphics mode
1.2.1 Physical Specification
† Weight
: 5.2kg (without the ink cartridges)
† Dimension : 470mm (W) x 593mm (D) x 316mm (H)
1.2.2 Printing Specification
Horizontal
resolution
Printable area
Available dot
CR speed
180dpi
209.8mm (8.26inch)
1488
291CPS
360dpi (Black)
209.8mm (8.26inch)
2976
245CPS
† Print method
„ On demand ink jet
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Features
9
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
1.2.5 Electric Specification
Table 1-2. Raster graphics mode
Horizontal
resolution
Printable area
Available dot
CR speed
360dpi (Color)
209.8mm (8.26inch)
2976
225CPS
720dpi
209.8mm (8.26inch)
5952
245CPS
1440dpi
209.8mm (8.26inch)
11904
190CPS
[120V version]
Rated voltage
Input voltage range
Rated frequency range
Input frequency range
Rated current
Power consumption
† Control code
„ ESC/P2 expanded raster graphics code
„ EPSON Remote command
† Typeface
Insulation resistance
Dielectric strength
„ Bit map LQ font: EPSON Courier 10 CPI
1.2.3 Paper Feeding
† Feeding method
„ Friction feed with ASF
† Paper path
„ Cut-sheet ASF (Top entry Front out)
[220 to 240V version]
Rated voltage
Input voltage range
Rated frequency range
Input frequency range
Rated current
Power consumption
† Feed speed
„ 220.86mm/sec (8.70inch/sec) (Normal, 25.4mm feed)
„ 294.0mm/sec (11.5inch/sec) (Fast, continuous feed)
1.2.4 Input Data Buffer
† Input buffer size
Insulation resistance
Dielectric strength
:
:
:
:
:
:
AC 120V
AC 99 to 132V
50 to 60Hz
49.5 to 60.5Hz
0.4A (Max. 1.3A)
Approx. 16W (ISO 10561 Letter Pattern)
Approx. 3.5W in sleep mode
Approx. 0.35W in powered off mode
Energy Star compliant
: 10M ohms min.
(between AC line and chassis, DC 500V)
: AC 1000V rms. 1 minute or
AC 1200V rms. 1 second
(between AC line and chassis)
:
:
:
:
:
:
AC 220 to 240V
AC 198 to 264V
50 to 60Hz
49.5 to 60.5Hz
0.2A (Max. 0.7A)
Approx. 15W (ISO10561 Letter Pattern)
Approx. 3.5W in sleep mode
Approx. 0.5W in powered off mode
Energy Star compliant
: 10M ohms min.
(between AC line and chassis, DC 500V)
: AC 1500V rms. 1 minute
(between AC line and chassis)
: 32KB
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Specifications
10
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
1.2.6 Environmental Condition
1.2.7 Reliability
Table 1-3. Environmental Condition
10 to 35°C
: 50,000 pages (A4, Letter) (Black)
20,000 pages (A4, Letter) (Color)
Printhead Life
: 3000 million dots/nozzle
Non-operating (*1)
Operating
Temperature
Total print volume
-20 to 40°C
(1 month at 40°C and
120 hours at 60°C)
(*2)
Humidity
(Without condensation)
20 to 80% RH (*2)
5 to 85% RH
Resistance to shock
1G, within 1ms
2G, within 2ms
Resistance to vibration
0.15G
0.50G
NOTE: (*1) With shipment container
1.2.8 Safety Approvals
[120V version]
Safety standards
EMI
[220 to 240V version]
Safety standards
NOTE: (*2) Condition is as following figure
EMI
90
80
70
Humidity (%)
60
1.2.9 Acoustic Noise
50
Level
: UL1950
CSA 22.2 No.950
: FCC part 15 subpart B class B
CSA C108.8 class B
: EN60950 (VDE)
: EN55022 (CISPR Pub.22) class B
AS/NZS 3548 class B
: Approx. 42dB (A) (According to ISO 7779)
40
1.2.10 CE Marking
30
20
10
20
27 30
Temperature (°C)
35
40
[220 to 240V version]
Low voltage directive 73/23/EEC
EMC directive 89/336/EEC
Figure 1-2. Temperature/Humidity range
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Specifications
: EN60950
: EN55022 class B
EN55024
EN61000-3-2
EN61000-3-3
11
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
1.3 Operator Controls
1.3.3 Panel Functions
Table 1-4. Panel functions
1.3.1 Operate Switch
Switch
Operate switch is located on the control panel.
1.3.2 Control Panel
Paper
print cancel
1.3.2.1 Switches
There are 3 non-lock type push switches, and 3 LEDs.
Paper Out LED
Paper SW
Ink
Function
• Loads or ejects the paper.
• When carriage is on the ink check position, move carriage to
next ink check position or cartridge change position.
• When carriage is on the ink cartridge change position, return
carriage from ink cartridge change position.
• In the condition of “Double feed error”, recovering from error
condition, printing is restarted.
• In the condition of printing, cancel the print job.
• Starts the ink cartridge change sequence. (*2)
Move the carriage to cartridge change position.
• When carriage is on the ink change position, return carriage
from ink cartridge change position.
• Starts the cleaning of head.
Ink
1
(Pushing for 2 seconds * ) • In the condition of “Ink low” or “Ink out” or “No ink cartridge”,
starts the ink cartridge change sequence.
Ink SW
Ink Out LED
NOTE: (*1) 3 seconds is required at the user’s manual.
Power LED
NOTE: (*2) This function is not available in printing status.
Power SW
Table 1-5. Panel functions with power on
Switch
Figure 1-3. Control panel
Paper
Pressing with power on function
Start status printings. (*1)
NOTE: (*) Status printings prints firmware version, ink counter and nozzle
check patterns.
1.3.2.2 Indicators
† Power
Lights when the operate switch is “ON”, and AC power is supplied.
† Paper Out
Lights during the paper-out condition, and blinks during the paper-jam condition.
NOTE: The Stylus C82 cannot cancel a maintenance error from the control
panel. When a maintenance error is generated, use the Adjustment
Program to clear the counter value.
† Ink Out
Lights during no ink condition, and blinks during the ink low condition.
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Operator Controls
12
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
† Paper jam
1.3.4 Printer Condition and Panel Status
When printer fails to eject a sheet, it goes paper jam error.
Table 1-6. Printer condition and LED status
Printer status
Indicators
† Maintenance request
When the total quantity of ink wasted through the cleanings and flushing is
reaches to the limit, printer indicates this error and stops.
Priority
Power
Ink out
Paper out
On
-
-
11
Ink sequence
Blink
-
-
7
Ink cartridge change mode
Blink
-
-
6
Data processing
Blink
-
-
9
Paper out
-
-
On
5
Double feed error
-
-
On
5
Paper jam condition
-
-
Blink
4
No ink cartridge/Ink out
-
On
-
8
1.4.1 Paper Handling
Ink level low
-
Blink
-
10
Reverse feed of more than 9.5mm (0.38") is not allowed.
Enter EEPROM and Timer
IC reset
-
On
On
-
1.4.2 Paper Specification
Fast blink
Fast blink
Fast blink
3
† Cut sheet
Fatal error
Blink
On
Blink
2
Power off
Blink
Blink
Blink
1
Power on condition
Maintenance request
† Fatal errors
At occurrence of a Carriage Control Error, CG Access Error or Head Hot Error, a
Fatal Error is generated in order to allow recovery of dot-missing the next time
power is turned on.
† Double feed error
When printer fails to load a sheet, it goes double feed error.
1.4 Paper
Table 1-7. Paper specification (Cut sheet)
Paper size
Paper width
Paper length
A4
210mm
297mm
Letter
215.9mm
279.4mm
B5
182mm
257mm
1.3.5 Errors
Legal
215.9mm
355.6mm
Executive
184.2mm
266.7mm
† No ink cartridge/Ink out
Half-letter
139.7mm
215.9mm
A5
148mm
210mm
Photo paper
101.6mm
152.4mm
NOTE: (-) Don’t care.
NOTE: Error messages for the printer driver are classified as "Paper out error"
and "Double feed error."
Ink low
Ink out
: Blink
: On
† Paper out
Thickness
Weight (lb)
Quality
0.08 to
0.11mm
64 to 90g/m2
(17 to 24)
• Exclusive
paper
• Bond paper
• PPC
When printer fails to load a sheet, it goes paper out error.
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Paper
13
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
† Envelope
1.4.3 Printing Area
Table 1-8. Paper specification (Envelope)
Paper size
Paper width Paper length
Thickness
Weight (lb)
1.4.3.1 Cut Sheet
Table 1-11. Character mode
Quality
Paper size
LM
(Left margin)
(min.)
RM
(Right margin)
(min.)
TM
(Top margin)
(min.)
BM
(Bottom margin)
(min.)
A4
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
14mm (0.54”)
NOTE: Envelope printing is only available at normal temperature.
Letter
3mm (0.12”)
9mm (0.35”)
3mm (0.12”)
14mm (0.54”)
NOTE: Keep the longer side of the envelope horizontally at setting.
B5
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
14mm (0.54”)
Legal
3mm (0.12”)
9mm (0.35”)
3mm (0.12”)
14mm (0.54”)
Statement
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
14mm (0.54”)
Exclusive
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
14mm (0.54”)
No.10
241mm
104.8mm
DL
220mm
110mm
C6
162mm
114mm
75g/m2
45 to
(12 to 20)
0.16 to
0.52mm
• Bond paper
• Plain paper
• Air mail
† Index card
Table 1-9. Paper Specification (Index card)
Paper size
Paper width
Paper length
A6 Index card
105mm
148mm
5 x 8" Index card
127mm
203mm
10 x 8" Index card
254mm
203mm
Thickness
Table 1-12. Raster graphics mode
Less than 0.23mm
† Post cards (Card)
Table 1-10. Paper Specification (Post cards)
Paper size
Paper width
Paper length
Post card
100mm
148mm
Return post card
200mm
148mm
Paper size
LM
(Left margin)
(min.)
RM
(Right margin)
(min.)
TM
(Top margin)
(min.)
BM
(Bottom margin)
(min.)
A4
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
14mm (0.54”) /
3mm (0.12”) (*)
Letter
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
14mm (0.54”) /
3mm (0.12”) (*)
B5
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
14mm (0.54”) /
3mm (0.12”) (*)
Legal
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
14mm (0.54”) /
3mm (0.12”) (*)
Statement
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
14mm (0.54”) /
3mm (0.12”) (*)
Executive
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
14mm (0.54”) /
3mm (0.12”) (*)
NOTE: (*) Bottom margin is expanded to 3mm when paper dimension is
defined by using command, otherwise it is not expanded (14mm).
NOTE: From a form lower end 3mm as for 14mm area a printing may scramble.
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Paper
14
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
1.4.3.2 Envelopes
Table 1-13. Envelope margin
Storage temperature : -20oC to 40oC (Storage, within a month at 40oC)
-30oC to 40oC (Packing storage, within a month at 40oC)
-30oC to 60oC (Transit, within 120 hours at 60oC
and within a month at 40oC)
Dimension
: 12.7mm (W) x 71.2mm (D) x 66.5mm (H)
Paper size
LM
(Left margin)
(min.)
RM
(Right margin)
(min.)
TM
(Top margin)
(min.)
BM
(Bottom margin)
(min.)
No.10
3mm (0.12”)
20mm (0.78”)
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
DL
3mm (0.12”)
20mm (0.78”)
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
NOTE: Ink cartridges cannot be refilled. Only new cartridges are prepared for
use. To prevent ink leakage, be sure not to peel off blue label attached to
side of cartridge.
C6
3mm (0.12”)
20mm (0.78”)
3mm (0.12”)
3mm (0.12”)
NOTE: Do not use the ink cartridge which was passed away the ink life.
NOTE: Keep the shorter side of the envelope horizontally at setting.
NOTE: Ink will be frozen under -4oC environment, however it will be usable after
placing it more than 3 hours at room temperature.
1.5 Ink Cartridge
1.5.1 Black Ink Cartridge
Bk
: Completely compatible between Stylus C80/C70.
Type
Color
Print capacity
Ink life
Storage temperature
: Exclusive cartridge
: Black
: 1240 pages/A4 (ISO/IEC 10561 Letter Pattern at 360dpi)
: 2 years from production data.
: -20oC to 40oC (Storage, within a month at 40oC)
-30oC to 40oC (Packing storage, within a month at 40oC)
-30oC to 60oC (Transit, within 120 hours at 60oC
and within a month at 40oC)
: 22.0mm (W) x 71.2mm (D) x 66.5mm (H)
Dimension
1.5.2 Color Ink Cartridge
CMY
Type
Color
Print capacity
Ink life
: Not compatible between Stylus C80/C70.
: Exclusive cartridge
: Magenta, Cyan, Yellow
: 420 pages / A4 (360 dpi, 5% duty each color)
: 2 years from production date
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Ink Cartridge
15
CHAPTER
2
OPERATING PRINCIPLES
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
2.1 Overview
2.1.4 Paper Loading Mechanism (New ASF unit)
This section describes the operating principles of the printer mechanism and electrical
circuit boards
The ASF of this printer is newly designed. It has the following characteristics.
† Uses a Retard Roller. (Laser printers also use this roller.)
† New design of PF/ASF change mechanism. (Operating principle same as
2.1.1 Printer Mechanism
previous.)
† The basic component of the printer mechanism is same the Stylus C80/C70.
† Only the ASF is newly designed.
† For throughput improvement, the special use Flashing Box utilizes 0/80 digit bi-
2.1.4.1 Drive Process
1.
The motion of the PF Motor is always transmitted to the Combination Gear
Ratchet 65.6 but not transmitted to the LD Roller.
† Paper can be supplied by 0/80 digit bi-direction. (Economy printing only.)
2.
After receiving the paper feed command, the Carriage Unit contacts the A or B
ASF Trigger Lever.
2.1.2 Carriage Motor Specification
3.
At this point, the Change Lever extends in the direction of arrow C, locking the
Clutch mechanism.
direction.
Table 2-1. CR motor Specification
Items
Specifications
4.
The motion of Combination Gear Ratchet 65.6 is transferred to Clutch Gear 1.
Type
DC motor with brushes
5.
Drive voltage
+42V ± 5% (voltage applied to driver)
LD Roller Gear 2 rotates one time (LD Roller rotates once), and then the LD
Roller is stopped by the Clutch Gear again contacting the Change Lever.
Coil resistance
27.1Ω ± 10% (per phase at 25 degree)
Inductance
19.8mH ± 25% (1KH 1VmA)
Drive method
PWM, constant-current chopping
Driver IC
LB11947
ASF trigger lever
A
B
Change lever
2.1.3 Paper Feeding Motor Specification
2
C
Table 2-2. PF motor Specification
Items
Specifications
Type
DC motor with brushes
Drive voltage
+42V ± 5% (voltage applied to driver)
Coil resistance
22.3Ω ± 25% (per phase at 25 degree)
Inductance
17.3mH ± 25% (1KH 1VmA)
Drive method
PWM
Driver IC
LB11947
OPERATING PRINCIPLES
LD roller
Retard roller
1
Combination gear ratchet 65.6
Figure 2-1. Drive Process
Overview
17
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
2.1.5 Ink System Mechanism
2.2.1 C486 PSB/PSE Board
With this printer, when the PF Motor turns, power is always transmitted to the ink
system.
+42VDC
2.1.5.1 Pump Unit & Wiper mechanism
Functions
Counterclockwise (*1)
• Set wiper.
• Draw ink.
• Set CR lock lever.
Clockwise (*1)
• Reset wiper.
• Release pump.
• Reset CR lock lever.
ZD52, 87
+42VDC Line
Over Voltage
Limitation
: C486 PSB/PSE Board
† Panel board
: C486 PNL Board
+42VDC Line
Drop Limitation
+42VDC Line
Constant Control
The electric circuit of the Stylus C82 consists of the following boards.
† Power supply board
ZD90
Q91, ZD51
C84, Q84
Power Drop
Delay Circuit
C51
Smoothing
Circuit
2.2 Electrical Circuit Operating Principles
: C486 MAIN Board
+5VDC Line
Over Voltage
Limitation
Over Current
Protection
(*1): The PF Motor rotational direction = seen from the left side of the printer.
† Main board
PSC Signal from
Main board
ZD53
F51
Table 2-3. PF motor rotational direction & Ink system mechanism
Directions
+5VDC
PC1,
PC2
D51
Photo
Coupler
TRANS(T1)
C11
Smoothing
Circuit
This section provides Block diagram of both C486 MAIN Board and C486 PSB/PSE
Board.
Over Current
Protection
F1, TH1
Q1
Q2, Q31
Main Switching
Circuit
Filter Circuit
L1, C1
Abnormal Feed
back circuit
Full Wave
Rectifier circuit
DB1
AC Input
Figure 2-2. C486 PSB/PSE Board Block Diagram
OPERATING PRINCIPLES
Electrical Circuit Operating Principles
18
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
2.2.2 C486 MAIN Board
Table 2-4. C486 MAIN Board Major Components and Primary Functions
IC
Location
Function
ROM
IC1
8 Mbit ROM program for CPU provided with CG table, 3.3V
drive (not DOS compliant)
Transceiver
IC3
Transceiver IC for the Centronics I/F response to IEEE1284 and
ECP more, Data transfer by DMA, 3.3V drive
Reset regulator
IC4
Formed reset signals shown below.
1. Dropping 42V line to 36.3V, 2. Dropping 5V line to 4.2V
D-RAM
IC5
4 Mbit RAM 2-CAS type, 16 bit bus, 5V and 3.3V drive provide
page access functions.
EEPROM
IC6
1 kbit capacity for default setting or adjusted value.
Motor Driver
IC8
For driving both CR and PF motors, PWM control by program
timer, 5V regulation, 42V drive
Head Driver 1
IC9
For creating trapezoidal waveform, 5V drive
ASIC
IC10
CPU (equivalent of H8S/2323), Internal 8Kbit RAM, Internal
MASK ROM, 24MHz, 3.3Vdrive
Head Driver 2
Q2, Q3
Based on IC9 control, trapezoidal waveform creates, 42V drive
OPERATING PRINCIPLES
Electrical Circuit Operating Principles
19
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
E01A38CA
ASIC (IC10)
DATA
ADDRESS
DATA
ROM
(IC1)
ADDRESS
D-RAM
(IC5)
DATA
Parallel
I/F
USB
CN1
Transceiver
(IC3)
D0 (#164),
D2 (#174),
D4 (#5),
D6 (#171),
D8 (#167),
D10 (#1),
D12 (#2),
D14 (#168),
D1 (#169)
D3 (#4)
D5 (#176)
D7 (#166)
D9 (#172)
D11 (#6)
D13 (#173)
D15 (#163)
A1 (#154),
A3 (#149),
A5 (#144),
A7 (#139),
A9 (#133),
A11 (#138),
A13 (#143),
A15 (#148),
A17 (#153),
A19 (#61)
A2 (#152)
A4 (#147)
A6 (#141)
A8 (#136)
A10 (#135)
A12 (#140)
A14 (#146)
A16 (#151)
A18 (#134)
DATA0 (#115)
to
DATA4 (#111)
DATA5 (#109)
to
DATA7 (#107)
Reset regulator
(IC4)
/HWFLR (#36)
HWSDATA (#39)
HWSCLK (#30)
/HWSLAT (#31)
MRES (#129)
/NMI (#131)
/RESET (#130)
F1
F2
DATA
Head
driver 1
(IC9)
HWCLK1 (#33)
HWCLK2 (#34)
HWA0 (#40)
to
HWA4 (#44)
RST_DCMCU (#89)
PWM1_MCU (#82)
PWM2_MCU (#87)
DATA1_MCU (#81)
CLK1_MCU (#83)
DATA2_MCU (#86)
CLK2_MCU (#88)
ECS (#128)
ECK (#127)
EDO (#126)
EDI (#125)
/ACK (#122), BUSY (#121) ENCA_PFDCU (#54)
PE (#119),
SLCT (#118) ENCB_PFDCU (#55)
/ERR (#117)
/STB (#104), /INIT (#103)
/AFXT (#102),/SLIN (#101)
LH (#106)
SWA1 (#72)
DIR (#124)
HD (#123)
DP (#98)
DM (#99)
USBLH (#95)
CN3
+42V
CN8
Printhead
Q2
CN9
Q3
CN14
CR motor
CN13
PF motor
Motor driver
(IC8)
EEPROM
(IC6)
PF Encoder
CN12
CN4
PE sensor
PSC0 (#69)
CN19
PS Board
LED2 (#66) to LED0 (#68)
SW0 (#57) to SW2 (#59)
CN20
Panel Board
Table 2-5. Block diagram for the C486 MAIN Board
OPERATING PRINCIPLES
Electrical Circuit Operating Principles
20
CHAPTER
3
TROUBLESHOOTING
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
3.1 Overview
3.1.1.2 Ink Out
† The Ink Out indicator did not recover immediately after installation of the Ink
This chapter describes how to troubleshoot problems.
W A R N IN G
C H E C K
P O IN T
Cartridge. Press the Ink Switch and the Ink Out indicator will go out after the
Carriage Unit returns to the HP. (Use same procedure for Ink Low after installing
other Ink Cartridge.)
„ Be careful to avoid electric shocks when checking the electrical
circuit boards (C486 MAIN, PSE and B circuit boards) while the
power is turned on.
„ Touching an FET, transistor or heat sink with one hand while
touching a metal part of the mechanism with the other hand
could result in an electric shock, so carefully avoid this.
„ After initial filling of ink has been repeated several times,
immediate moving or tilting of the printer could result in leaking
of ink that has not been completely absorbed by the Waste Ink
Pad. When initial filling of ink has been repeated several times,
check the ink remaining in the tip of the Waste Ink Tube and the
waste ink not absorbed by the Waste Ink Pad before moving the
printer.
3.1.1.3 Fatal Error
There are 3 types of Fatal Errors: Carriage Error, PF Error and Head Hot Error.
1.
Press the Power Switch, then turn on power again. (If it does not recover, see
Table 3-1.)
Table 3-1. Carriage Error and PF Error Check Points
<Situation>
• Does the CR Motor turn?
•
•
•
•
CR motor
CR motor connector
Linear scale position
CR encoder connector
• Does the PF Motor turn?
•
•
•
•
PF motor
PF motor connector
Rotary scale position
PF encoder connector
„ Disassembly and reassembly of parts is often required when
identifying the causes of problems. The parts should be
disassembled and re-assembled correctly while referring to
"Chapter 4 Disassembly and Assembly" so that the operation
and status of each check item can be correctly verified.
„ Some individual part and units may require adjustment once
they are removed or replaced. If removing or replacing parts
which have specific instructions for adjustment included in
"Chapter 4 Disassembly and Assembly", be sure to make these
adjustments after repairing the problem location.
2.
<Check point>
Possible Head Hot Error Verification
Before eliminating the cause of the Error, use Adjustment Program to check
EEPROM 2Dh error history.
3.1.1 Troubleshooting With LED Error Indications
3.1.1.1 Paper Out/Double Feed Error
„ 2Dh → 0Dh
: Indicates that Head Hot Error was generated for black
nozzle line.
„ 2Dh → 0Eh
: Indicates that Head Hot Error was generated for color
nozzle line.
† Is the PE Sensor disconnected from the Main Board?
† Is the PE Lever properly operating?
TROUBLESHOOTING
C A U T IO N
Overview
1.
2.
3.
Ink Out is not activated by Head Hot Error.
Automatic cleaning starts next time power is turned on.
Head Hot Error (Fatal Error) is generated only when a large
quantity of Dot Missing is generated.
22
EPSON Stylus C82
3.
Revision A
Fatal Error Reference Information (Aside from Head Hot Error)
3.1.1.5 Dot missing 1
Fatal Error cause can be analyzed by referring to EEPROM Address and Error
Code shown below.
1.
Use operation from Panel or Driver Utility to execute cleaning 4~5 times.
2.
Use Adjustment Program to execute strongest cleaning 2~3 times.
Table 3-2. [2Dh address: Sequence error]
3.
Use Adjustment Program to execute Ink Charge.
4.
Allow printer to sit for one day and check printing again the next day. If problem
continues, replace the Printhead.
Address
Error Condition
Address
Error Condition
00h
No error
05h
Mechanism edge detection error
01h
Memory free error
06h
CR home seeking 1 error
02h
Board hot/cold error
07h
CR home seeking 2 error
03h
DRAM error
08h
CR lock retry error
04h
Timer IC initialize error
3.1.1.6 Dot missing 2
When a specific single dot is missing only with color printing and cannot be recovered,
check whether or not the Stylus C80 Printer Driver is being used. With the Stylus C82,
59 nozzles are used for each color nozzle, so 1 dot will be missing if the Stylus C80
Printer Driver is used.
09h to 0Ch Motor sequence error
Table 3-3. [2Eh address: DC motor error]
Address
00h
Error Condition
No error
Address
Error Condition
FBh to FFh PF motor control error
01h to 0Ch CR motor control error
C A U T IO N
When printer cannot detect Ink Out, a Head Hot Error is handled
as a Fatal Error and displayed. Because of this, the printer makes
every effort to automatically recover from Ink Out Error without
expecting that the existing Ink Cartridge had to have been
replaced.
3.1.1.4 Paper Supply Faults
1.
Use a cleaning sheet to clean the Retard Roller and LD Roller inside the ASF Unit.
(See "Chapter 6 Maintenance" for details.)
2.
Clean the Retard Roller or LD Roller with a cloth moistened with a cleaning
solution like alcohol.
3.
Replace the Retard Roller or LD Roller. (It is recommended that both be replaced
at the same time.)
TROUBLESHOOTING
Overview
23
CHAPTER
4
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
4.1 Overview
W A R N IN G
This section describes procedures for disassembling the main components of the
product. Unless otherwise specified, disassembly units or components can be
reassembled by reversing the disassembly procedure. Things, if not strictly observed,
that could result in injury or loss of life are described under the heading “WARNING”.
Precautions for any disassembly or assembly procedures are described under the
heading “CAUTION”. Chips for disassembling procedures are described under the
heading “CHECK POINT”.
If the assembling procedure is different from the reversed procedure of the
disassembling, the procedure is described under the heading “REASSEMBLY”.
Any adjustments required after disassembling the units are described under the heading
“ADJUSTMENT REQUIRED”. When you have to remove any units or parts that are
not described in this chapter, refer to the exploded diagrams in the appendix.
„ Avant de commencer, assurez vous que l’imprimante soit eteinte
et que le cordon d’alimentation soit debranche.
„ Veillez a jeter les piles usagees selon le reglement local.
C A U T IO N
„ When transporting the printer after installing the ink cartridge,
„
„
„
„
Read precautions described in the next section before starting.
be sure to pack the printer for transportation without removing
the ink cartridge.
Use only recommended tools for disassembling, assembling or
adjusting the printer. (Refer to Table 4-1 "Special Tool List".)
Observe the specified torque when tightening screws.
Apply lubricants and adhesives as specified. (Refer to Chapter 6
for details.)
Make the specified adjustments when you disassemble the
printer. (Refer to Chapter 5 for details.)
4.1.1 Precautions
4.1.2 Tools
See the precautions given under the handling “WARNING” and “CAUTION” in the
following column when disassembling or assembling the product.
Use only specified tools to avoid damaging the printer.
W A R N IN G
Table 4-1. Special Tool List
„ Disconnect the power cable before disassembling or assembling
the printer.
„ If you need to work on the printer with power applied, strictly
„
„
„
„
„
follow the instructions in this manual.
Wear protective goggles to protect your eyes from ink. If ink gets
in your eye, flush the eye with fresh water and see a doctor
immediately.
Always wear gloves for disassembly and reassembly to avoid
iujury from sharp metal edges.
To protect sensitive microprocessors and circuitry, use static
discharge equipment, such as anti-static wrist straps, when
accessing internal components.
Never touch the ink or wasted ink with bare hands. If ink comes
into contact with your skin, wash it off with soap and water
immediately. If irritation occurs, contact a physician.
Make sure the tip of the waste ink tube is located at correct
position when reassembling the waste ink tube. Otherwise it will
cause ink leakage.
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Name
Supplier
Parts No.
Phillips Screw Driver (No.1)
EPSON
1080530
Phillips Screw Driver (No.2)
EPSON
1080532
Tweezers
EPSON
1080561
Acetate Tape
EPSON
1003963
4.1.3 Screws
The screws used in the printer are as shown in Table 4-2. Make sure you always use the
correct type and number of screws for the assembling part.
Overview
Table 4-2. Screw Specifications
Abbreviation
Description
C.B.P
Cross-recessed Binding Head P-tight screw
C.B.S
Cross-recessed Binding Head S-tight screw
C.C
Cross-recessed Cup Head screw
25
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
4.2 Disassembly
The flowchart below shows step-by-step disassembly procedures. When disassembling each unit, refer to the page number shown in the figure.
Upper Housing
Removal
4.2.1.1 P.27
Lower Housing/
Printer Mechanism
Removal
4.2.1.4 P.29
Printhead Removal
4.2.1.3 P.28
Panel Housing/
C486 PNL Board
Removal
4.2.1.2 P.27
Paper Eject Frame
Unit Removal
4.2.3.10 P.40
Linear Scale
Removal
4.2.3.5 P.37
Ink System Unit
Removal
4.2.3.7 P.39
EJ Roller Unit
Removal
4.2.3.11 P.41
CR Guide Shaft/
Carriage Unit
Removal
4.2.3.6 P.37
C486 Main Board
Removal
4.2.2.1 P.30
CR Motor
Removal
4.2.3.8 P.39
PF Motor
Removal
4.2.3.9 P.40
C486 PSB/PSE
Board Removal
4.2.2.2 P.32
PF Encoder &
PF Encoder Base
Removal
4.2.3.4 P.36
ASF Unit Removal
4.2.3.1 P.32
PE Sensor/
PE Sensor Holder/
PE Lever Removal
4.2.3.3 P.35
ASF Unit
Disassembly
4.2.3.2 P.33
Front Paper Guide
Removal
4.2.3.12 P.41
ASF Unit Removal
4.2.3.1 P.32
PE Sensor/
PE Sensor Holder/
PE Lever Removal
4.2.3.3 P.35
Upper Paper Guide
Removal
4.2.3.13 P.42
C486 Main Board
Removal
4.2.2.1 P.30
C486 PSB/PSE
Board Removal
4.2.2.2 P.32
Rear Paper Guide
Removal
4.2.3.14 P.42
PF Encoder &
PF Encoder Base
Removal
4.2.3.4 P.36
PF Roller Unit
Removal
4.2.3.15 P.42
* Use the flowchart to determine the shortest
procedure for the unit to be replaced, then
disassemble the printer by following that
procedure.
* The step for the unit or discrete part within the
broken line is not the shortest removal step but is
the step necessary for removing the next unit or
discrete part.
Figure 4-1. Disassembling Flowchart
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
26
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
4.2.1 Housing Removal
4.
4.2.1.1 Upper Housing Removal
1.
Remove 4 screws (C.B.P 3x10) holding the Upper Housing.
2.
Open Stacker.
While slightly lifting Upper Housing, follow the order shown below to remove (1)
1 screw (C.B.S 3x6) and (2) FFC (from C486 PNL Board). Then remove the
Upper Housing.
C486 PNL board
Disconnect
C.B.P 3x10 (6±1kgf.cm) x2
C.B.P 3x10 (6±1kgf.cm) x2
2
FFC
Upper Housing
Stacker
1
C.B.S 3x6 (6±1kgf.cm)
<Right Front Side>
Lower Housing
Figure 4-4. Upper Housing Removal 3
Figure 4-2. Upper Housing Removal 1
3.
Follow the order shown in Figure 4-3 to release 5 hooks from the Lower Housing.
(Use a pair of tweezers to press hooks 1 and 2 into slots and release while pressing
in the direction of the arrow. Hooks 4 and 5 can be released by pressing them
through the slots with a pair of tweezers.)
4.2.1.2 Panel Housing/C486 PNL Board Removal
1.
Remove Upper Housing. (See Section 4.2.1.1)
2.
While pressing inward the 2 hooks holding the Panel Housing, remove the Panel
Housing by pushing it in the direction of arrow A.
<Right Rear Side>
<Left Rear Side>
Upper Housing
5
4
A
Hook
2
3
Hook
Hooks
Hook
1
Hook
Panel Housing
Hook
<Left Side (Inner Side)>
<Left Front Bottom Surface>
<Right Front
Bottom Surface>
Figure 4-5. Panel Housing/C486 PNL Board Removal 1
Figure 4-3. Upper Housing Removal 2
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
27
EPSON Stylus C82
3.
Revision A
Remove 3 screws (C.B.P 3x8) holding the C486 PNL Board, then remove the
C486 PNL Board from the Panel Housing.
3.
Remove 2 screws (C.B.P (P4) 3x8) holding the Fastener Head, then remove the
Fastener Head in the direction of arrow A.
C.B.P 3x8 (6±1kgf.cm) x3
Fastener Head
A
C486 PNL Board
C.B.P (P4) 3x8 (5±1kgf.cm)
Panel Housing
<Right Front Side>
Figure 4-6. Panel Housing/C486 PNL Board Removal 2
Figure 4-8. Printhead Removal 2
4.2.1.3 Printhead Removal
1.
Remove Upper Housing. (See Section 4.2.1.1)
2.
Use a pair of tweezers to push and lift one side of the Spring Cartridge at a time
from the 2 slots of the Carriage Unit, then remove the Spring Cartridge from the
Carriage Unit.
4.
Push Carriage Lock Lever forward, then shift Carriage Unit to the left side.
5.
Use the order shown below to release 4 hooks, then remove Cable Head Holder
from Carriage Unit in upward direction.
4
Carriage Unit
1
Spring Cartridge
2
Cable Head Holder
3
Carriage Lock Lever
Figure 4-9. Printhead Removal 3
Slots
<Right Front Side>
Figure 4-7. Printhead Removal 1
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
28
EPSON Stylus C82
6.
Revision A
While avoiding 2 hooks, follow order shown below to remove Printhead from
Carriage Unit.
Hook
C A U T IO N
Hook
When the FFC has been replaced, be sure to attach sponge as
shown in lower left diagram. Because double-sided tape is attached
to FFC service parts, simply installing sponge is sufficient.
2
Printhead
A D J U S T M E N T
R E Q U IR E D
When removing or replacing the Printhead, the adjustments are
necessary. Refer to "Chapter 5 Adjustment" for the adjustment
procedure.
1
4.2.1.4 Lower Housing/Printer Mechanism Removal
Figure 4-10. Printhead Removal 4
7.
Remove 2 FFCs from the Printhead.
1.
Remove Upper Housing. (See Section 4.2.1.1)
2.
Remove 4 screws (C.B.P 4x12: 3, C.B.S 3x8: 1) holding Printer Mechanism.
C.B.P 4x12 (6±1kgf.cm) x3
Sponge
Printhead
FFCs
Lower Housing
Printer Mechanism
C.B.S 3x8 (6±1kgf.cm)
Figure 4-12. Lower Housing/Printer Mechanism Removal 1
Figure 4-11. Printhead Removal 5
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
29
EPSON Stylus C82
3.
Revision A
As shown below, remove AC Cable Cover and Ink Tube from Lower Housing and
C486 Main Board.
AC Cable Cover
: Release while pushing 2 hooks in direction of arrow
A, then remove cover by pushing out in direction of
arrow B.
Ink tube
: While pressing inward both edges of retainer, remove
Ink Tube in direction of arrow C.
<Left Rear Side>
W A R N IN G
Make sure the tip of the waste ink tube is located at correct
position when reassembling the waste ink tube. Otherwise it will
cause ink leakage.
A D J U S T M E N T
R E Q U IR E D
When replacing the Printer Mechanism, the adjustments are
necessary. Refer to "Chapter 5 Adjustment" for the adjustment
procedures.
FFC
Disconnect
4.2.2 Board Removal
4.2.2.1 C486 Main Board Removal
AC Cable Cover
Hook
1.
Remove Printer Mechanism. (See Section 4.2.1.4)
2.
Remove all cables from C486 Main Board and peel off acetate tape in 2 places.
Retainer
Hook
Cables
A
A
C486 Main Board
Hook
B
Ink tube
C
<Center Rear Side (Inner Side)>
D
<Right Front Side>
Acetate Tapes
Figure 4-13. Lower Housing/Printer Mechanism Removal 2
4.
As shown above (lower left photo), while releasing hook in direction of arrow D,
lift Printer Mechanism and remove from Lower Housing.
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
<Left Rear Side>
Figure 4-14. Main Board Removal 1
30
EPSON Stylus C82
3.
Revision A
Remove 4 screws (C.B.S 3x6: 1, C.B.S 3x8: 2, C.B.S 3x16: 1) holding C486 Main
Board, then remove Printer Mechanism from C486 Main Board in upward
direction.
W A R N IN G
C.B.S 3x8
(8±1kgf.cm)
„ When C486 Main Board has been replaced by a service part, the
installation screw holes do not have threads, as shown below.
When installing C486 Main Board to the Printer Mechanism,
metal chips that are formed in the process can become a source
for shorting the printer. For this reason, use a brush to clean 2
places in the order shown below and remove the metal chips.
Screw Installation Holes
1
C.B.S 3x6 (5±1kgf.cm)
C.B.S 3x8
(5±1kgf.cm)
C.B.S 3x16
(5±1kgf.cm)
2
Figure 4-15. Main Board Removal 2
C486 Main Board
W A R N IN G
Figure 4-17. Metal Chips Removal
„ The CN19 cable on the C486 Main Board has a specified
installation direction. The pin connected to the blue line of the
cable should be inserted into the Pin 1 side of the connector.
C H E C K
P O IN T
<Printer Rear Side>
C486 Main Board has no ROM and is established as a service part
by the Socket attachment.
CN19
A D J U S T M E N T
R E Q U IR E D
Blue Line
Pin 1
When replacing the C486 Main Board, the adjustments are
necessary. Refer to "Chapter 5 Adjustment" for the adjustment
procedures.
<Printer Front Side>
Figure 4-16. CN19 Connection Direction
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
31
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
4.2.2.2 C486 PSB/PSE Board Removal
C.B.S (P4) 3x8 (8±1kgf.cm) x2
1.
Remove C486 Main Board. (See Section 4.2.2.1)
2.
Remove 2 screws (C.B.S 3x6) holding C486 PSB/PSE Board.
3.
After shifting C486 PSB/PSE Board temporarily in the direction of arrow A,
release the hook, then pull the board in the direction of arrow B and remove it from
the Printer Mechanism.
CN4
C.B.S 3x6 (8±1kgf.cm)
ASF Unit
Wrapped Location
Slot
Figure 4-19. ASF Unit Removal 1
Hook
4.
B
A
Remove 1 screw (C.B.S 3x6) holding the LD Roller Cover and then shift LD
Roller Cover in direction of arrow A.
C486 PSB/PSE Board
C.B.S 3x6
(8±1kgf.cm)
Figure 4-18. C486 PSB/PSE Board Removal
A D J U S T M E N T
R E Q U IR E D
LD Roller Cover
When replacing the C486 PSB/PSE Board, the adjustments are
necessary. Refer to "Chapter 5 Adjustment" for the adjustment
procedures.
A
<Center Rear Side>
Figure 4-20. ASF Unit Removal 2
4.2.3 Printer Mechanism Disassembly
4.2.3.1 ASF Unit Removal
1.
Remove Printer Mechanism. (See Section 4.2.1.4)
2.
Disconnect connector CN4 from C486 Main Board, unfasten it from the wrapped
location, then remove the CN4 cable by pulling it through the slot in the ASF Unit.
3.
Remove 2 screws (C.B.S (P4) 3x8) holding the ASF Unit.
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
32
EPSON Stylus C82
5.
Revision A
4.2.3.2 ASF Unit Disassembly
Release the union location between Pump Frame and ASF Unit.
C A U T IO N
Be careful because pulling strongly on Pump Frame can cause it to
break.
6.
Push Head Cable Cover with pair of tweezers, shift it to the right and temporarily
release its hold.
7.
Allow ASF Unit to rotate in direction of arrow A, the remove ASF Unit together
with LD Roller Cover from Printer Mechanism.
1.
Remove ASF Unit. (See Section 4.2.3.1)
2.
After releasing the hook holding the Paper Back Cam, let the control of Torsion
Spring move in the direction of arrow A, then remove the Paper Back Cam from
the ASF Unit.
3.
Follow order shown below to remove these items from ASF Unit: (1) Clutch Gear
and Clutch. (2) Extension Spring 1.47. (3) Change Lever. (4) Combination Gear
Ratchet 65.6.
C A U T IO N
„ If Clutch Gear and Clutch are not removed with a pair of
tweezers as described in Step 3, it is possible that the Extension
Spring 0.143 inside could be lost.
„ When removing Extension Spring 1.47, be careful not to lose it.
A
3
Change lever
Head Cable Cover
A
Paper back cam
Torsion
Spring
Pump Frame
2
Extension spring 1.47
1
Clutch Gear + Clutch
Hook
Hooks
Union Location
Figure 4-21. ASF Unit Removal 3
4
Combination gear ratchet 65.6
Figure 4-22. ASF Unit Disassembly 1
When installing ASF Unit, be sure to install it while Main Board
and PSB/PSE Board are not installed. If this procedure is ignored,
the Pump Frame may interfere with the ASF Unit and result in
damage.
4.
Release Extension Spring 1.67 from hooks on ASF Frame and ASF Trigger Lever,
then remove spring.
C A U T IO N
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
When removing Extension Spring 1.67, be careful not to lose it.
33
EPSON Stylus C82
5.
Revision A
Follow the order below to remove ASF Trigger Lever from ASF Frame.
8.
ASF Frame
ASF Frame
Extension spring 1.67
3
While spreading the left side surface of the ASF Frame toward the outside, follow
the order shown below to remove LD Roller Shaft.
Compression spring 2.9
1'
1
2'
2
LD Roller Shaft
Hooks
ASF Trigger Lever
1
Figure 4-23. ASF Unit Disassembly 2
6.
Follow the order below using a common screwdriver to release the Hopper (left
side) attachment from the ASF Frame, then remove the Hopper from the ASF
Frame.
Hook
Hopper
4
Figure 4-25. ASF Unit Disassembly 4
9.
Release Extension Spring 2.25 from hooks on ASF Frame and Retard Roller
Holder, then remove spring.
10. Pull the protrusion of the Retard Roller Holder fastened to the ASF Frame away
from the ASF Frame in the direction of the arrow for one side and then the other.
Then remove Retard Roller along with Retard Roller Holder.
1
Hook
3
Extension spring 2.25
2
Figure 4-24. ASF Unit Disassembly 3
7.
3
2
Retard Roller Holder
Hook
Allow the Compression Spring 2.9 to rotate to the left from the ASF Frame, then
remove it.
<ASF Frame Bottom Surface>
Figure 4-26. ASF Unit Disassembly 5
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
34
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
4.2.3.3 PE Sensor/PE Sensor Holder/PE Lever Removal
ASF Unit Assembly Points
1. Set Clutch Spring (when assembling Clutch and Clutch Gear)
2. Position Paper Back Support Lever (when setting the Paper
Back Cam to LD Roller Shaft at first step)
3. Align phase (when inserting Paper Back Cam into LD Roller
Shaft at last step)
1
2
Clutch Gear
1.
Remove ASF Unit. (See Section 4.2.3.1)
2.
Disconnect connector from PE Sensor.
3.
While lifting PE Sensor Holder upwards, use a pair of tweezers to release 4 hooks
holding the PE Sensor Holder starting from the upper direction of the printer by
following the order shown below. Then remove the PE Sensor and PE Lever along
with the PE Sensor Holder.
Correct State
3
Clutch
4
Hooks
Connector
Hooks
PE Sensor
Hook
1
2
PE Sensor Holder
Hook
Paper Back Support Lever
3
Paper Back
Cam
2'
<Rear Side>
Figure 4-28. PE Sensor/PE Sensor Holder/PE Lever Removal 1
Wrong State
Clutch Gear
PE Lever
<Front Side>
4.
Release 3 hooks fastening the PE Sensor to the PE Sensor Holder, then remove PE
Sensor from the PE Sensor Holder.
5.
Follow the order shown below to remove the PE Lever along with Torsion Spring
0.28 from the PE Sensor Holder.
Hooks
Figure 4-27. Assembly Points
PE Sensor
Torsion Spring 0.28
2
1
PE Lever
Figure 4-29. PE Sensor/PE Sensor Holder/PE Lever Removal 2
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
35
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
Condition of PE Lever and Torsion Spring 0.28 after installation.
C A U T IO N
PE Lever
Torsion Spring 0.28
Figure 4-30. Condition of PE Lever after installation.
4.2.3.4 PF Encoder & PF Encoder Base Removal
„ There are 2 types of the Rotary Scale, the Film type that has been
available since first mass production and a new Plastic type.
Needed information about details and repair are given below.
1. In the America, the Film type Rotary Scale available since first mass
production has been introduced for patent considerations. In another
development, an all new Plastic type Rotary Scales have been
introduced.
2. Concerning functioning, because the Film type and Plastic type are
completely interchangeable, PF Roller Unit and Printer Mechanism
service parts are continuing with the Film type regardless of the
developments.
3. After patent concerns are settled in America, both new products and
service parts (PF Roller Unit and Printer Mechanism) will use the
new Plastic type.
4. Points that should be considered for repair are shown below with
relationships between Rotary Scale type and PF Encoder Base type.
Table 4-3. Rotary Scale and PF Encoder Base Relationships
1.
Remove Printer Mechanism. (See Section 4.2.1.4)
2.
Release 4 hooks holding PF Encoder Base, then remove PF Encoder Base along
with PF Encoder from Printer Mechanism.
Hooks
Type of PF Encoder Base Long horn type
(1108620)
Type of Rotary Scale
No horn type
(1214696)
Film type
Yes
No (*1)
Plastic type
Yes (*2)
Yes
"Yes" means exchangeability between PF Encoder Base and Rotary
Scale. "No" means not exchangeability between these parts.
(*1): In this case, use the Long Horn Type for the PF Encoder Base.
(*2): In this case, because the horn becomes an obstacle, it is
necessary to cut off the horn. After consulting the diagram
below to confirm the correct location for cutting the horn of the
PF Encoder Base, use nippers to cut off the horn.
PF Encoder Base
Rotary Scale
Long horn type
PF Encoder
No horn type
<Left Side>
Figure 4-31. PF Encoder & PF Encoder Base Removal
Cut Location
Figure 4-32. PF Encoder Base Cut Location
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
36
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
4.2.3.5 Linear Scale Removal
4.2.3.6 CR Guide Shaft/Carriage Unit Removal
1.
Remove Printer Mechanism. (See Section 4.2.1.4)
1.
Remove Linear Scale. (See Section 4.2.3.5)
2.
Release Extension Spring 2.94 from Printer Mechanism hook 1.
2.
3.
Release right edge of Linear Scale from Printer Mechanism hook 2.
Use a common screwdriver to release Extension Spring 26.46 from hooks on
Pulley Driven Holder and Printer Mechanism, then remove spring.
4.
Remove Linear Scale by pulling it to the left side from back of Carriage Unit.
3.
Shift Pulley Driven Holder in direction of arrow A, the remove it in direction of
arrow B.
5.
Allow Linear Scale to rotate 90°, release it from Printer Mechanism hook 3, then
remove the Linear Scale along with Extension Spring 2.94 from the Printer
Mechanism.
Pulley Driven Holder
Extension Spring 26.46
Assembly Point
Hook
Linear Scale
Hook 1
B
Hook 2
A
Hook
Extension spring 2.94
Hook 3
<Right Rear Side>
<Left Side>
<Right Side>
Figure 4-35. CR Guide Shaft/Carriage Unit Removal 1
Figure 4-33. Linear Scale Removal
4.
Follow order shown in Figure 4-36 (lower right photo) to remove these items from
the Printer Mechanism: (1) Spacer. (2) PG Lever. (2') Torsion Spring 67.78. (3)
Leaf Spring. (4) 1 Screw (C.B.S (P4) 3x6). (5) Bushing.
5.
Follow order shown in Figure 4-36 (lower left photo) to remove these items from
the Printer Mechanism: (6) Spacer. (7) 1 Screw (C.B.S (P4) 3x6). (8) Bushing.
Linear Scale Assembly Point
„ Pass the Linear Scale through the CR Encoder on the rear side
of the Carriage Unit.
CR Encoder
C H E C K
P O IN T
Linear Scale
The Bushings at both sides of the Printer Mechanism can be
released from their attachment by allowing the printer to rotate
rearward.
<Carriage Unit Rear Side>
Figure 4-34. Linear Scale Position
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
37
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
6.
Remove CR Guide Shaft from Printer Mechanism in direction of arrow C while
taking care not to damage slots in Printer Mechanism.
7.
Allow Carriage Unit to rotate in direction of arrow D and remove Carriage Unit
from Printer Mechanism.
10
FFC
Carriage Unit
Connector
Relay Board
CR Guide Shaft
9
D
Slot
Figure 4-37. CR Guide Shaft/Carriage Unit Removal 3
C
<Left Side>
<Right Side>
7
8
Bush
C.B.S (P4) 3x6
(6±1kgf.cm)
5
PG lever
C A U T IO N
1
Hooks
6
2
Bush
Spacer
3
4
Removal
Direction
Leaf
spring
C.B.S (P4) 3x6
(6±1kgf.cm)
Spacer
„ Leaf Spring Installation
2'
Torsion spring
67.78
Leaf spring
Bush
Figure 4-36. CR Guide Shaft/Carriage Unit Removal 2
8.
Be careful when installing the Bushings at each side of the Printer
Mechanism because the Left Bushing and Right Bushing have
different shapes. (See Figure 4-36)
Disconnect FFC from connector on Relay Board of Carriage Unit, then remove
Carriage Unit.
PG lever
Figure 4-38. Leaf Spring Installation
A D J U S T M E N T
R E Q U IR E D
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
When removing or replacing the CR Guide Shaft/Carriage Unit,
the adjustments are necessary. Refer to "Chapter 5 Adjustment"
for the adjustment procedure.
38
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
4.2.3.7 Ink System Unit Removal
C A U T IO N
1.
Remove Printer Mechanism. (See Section 4.2.1.4)
2.
Remove 2 screws ((1)C.B.S 3x8, (2) C.B.S 3x6) holding the Ink System Frame,
then remove the Ink System Frame from the Printer Mechanism.
3.
Remove 2 screws ((3)C.B.S 3x8, (4) C.B.S 3x6) holding the Ink System Frame
from the Printer Mechanism.
Use a pair of tweezers to replace the Cleaner Blade. While doing
this, do not touch the Printhead with the tweezers. In addition, do
not touch the Printhead with bare hands.
Contact Location
0 Digit Flashing Box
Cleaner Blade
1
Push & lift
2
Ink System Unit
3. C.B.S 3x8 (8±1kgf.cm)
2. C.B.S 3x6 (8±1kgf.cm)
Figure 4-40. Cleaner Blade Handling
Ink System Frame
4. C.B.S 3x6 (8±1kgf.cm)
1. C.B.S 3x8 (8±1kgf.cm)
Figure 4-39. Ink System Unit Removal
4.
When ASF Unit is installed, release union location of Pump Frame and ASF Unit.
(See Section 4.2.3.1 Step 4)
5.
Remove Ink System Unit from the Printer Mechanism.
6.
Follow the order shown above to remove the 0 Digit Flashing Box from the Printer
Mechanism.
4.2.3.8 CR Motor Removal
1.
Remove Printer Mechanism. (See Section 4.2.1.4)
2.
Disconnect CN14 connector from C486 Main Board.
3.
Remove 1 screw (C.C 3x4) holding CR Motor, then remove CR Motor.
Label side
C.C 3x4 (3±1kgf.cm)
CR Motor
<Left Side>
Figure 4-41. CR Motor Removal
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
39
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
„ Installation of screws holding PF Motor
When installing CR Motor, install it with the label of the motor
facing upwards.
A D J U S T M E N T
R E Q U IR E D
1.
Follow order shown in lower left diagram to set screws
temporarily.
2. Pull PF Motor in direction shown by arrow in lower left
diagram, then while maintaining tension on the Timing Belt
completely fasten the PF Motor. (Completely tighten.)
„ When installing the PF Motor, the label of the PF Motor should
not be visible from the rear side of the Printer Mechanism. If the
label is visible, rotate it 180°° and reinstall it.
When replacing the CR Motor, the adjustments are necessary.
Refer to "Chapter 5 Adjustment" for the adjustment procedure.
A D J U S T M E N T
R E Q U IR E D
4.2.3.9 PF Motor Removal
1.
Remove Printer Mechanism. (See Section 4.2.1.4)
2.
Disconnect CN13 connector from C486 Main Board.
3.
Remove 2 screws (C.C 3x4) holding PF Motor, then remove PF Motor.
No label side
When removing or replacing the PF motor, the adjustments are
necessary. Refer to "Chapter 5 Adjustment" for the adjustment
procedure.
4.2.3.10 Paper Eject Frame Unit Removal
1.
Remove Printer Mechanism. (See Section 4.2.1.4)
2.
While releasing the hooks at each side (2 hooks) holding the Paper Eject Frame
Unit, let it rotate in the direction of arrow A, then remove it upwards.
1
C.C 3x4 (3±1kgf.cm)
PF Motor
Hook
A
2
Paper Eject Frame Unit
<Left Side>
Figure 4-42. PF Motor Removal
Hook
Figure 4-43. Paper Eject Frame Unit Removal
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
40
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
4.2.3.11 EJ Roller Unit Removal
4.2.3.12 Front Paper Guide Removal
1.
Remove Paper Eject Frame Unit. (See Section 4.2.3.10)
1.
Remove EJ Roller Unit. (See Section 4.2.3.11)
2.
Remove Grounding Wire from Printer Mechanism.
2.
Remove 2 screws (C.B.S 3x6) holding Front Paper Guide.
3.
Release hook for Bushing 5 located at each side of EJ Roller Unit, then let Bushing
5 rotate 90° upwards.
3.
Remove Front Paper Guide upwards while being careful that the Front Paper
Guide hook at the left side does not touch Spur Gear 28.8.
4.
Remove EJ Roller Unit along with 3 Holders in upwards direction.
Front Paper Guide
Hook
Spur Gear 28.8
Bush 5
Bush 5
Hook
C.B.S 3x6 (8±1kgf.cm)
Hook
Figure 4-46. Front Paper Guide Removal
EJ Roller Unit
Grounding Wire
Holders
Figure 4-44. EJ Roller Shaft unit Removal
When installing Front Paper Guide, be careful not to damage Spur
Gear 28.8.
„ When installing EJ Roller Unit, be careful about the direction of
the CR Lock.
Upper
CR Lock
Lower
Figure 4-45. CR Lock Direction
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
41
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
4.2.3.13 Upper Paper Guide Removal
1.
Remove Front Paper Guide and PE Sensor Holder. (See Section 4.2.3.12 and
4.2.3.3)
2.
Release 2 hooks holding each Extension Spring 4.07, then remove Extension
Spring 4.07 (4 springs).
3.
Follow order shown below to remove Upper Paper Guide from Printer
Mechanism.
Hook
Rear Paper Guide
B
A
Hook
Extension Spring 4.07
PF Roller Unit
Hook
Figure 4-48. Rear Paper Guide Removal
Upper Paper Guide
1
Hooks
When installing Rear Paper Guide, if hooks are not completely
fastened, the ASF Unit cannot be properly set.
Hooks
2
4.2.3.15 PF Roller Unit Removal
<Rear Side>
Figure 4-47. Upper Paper Guide Removal
4.2.3.14 Rear Paper Guide Removal
1.
Remove Upper Paper Guide and C486 PSB/PSE Board. (See Section 4.2.3.13 and
4.2.2.2)
2.
Release Rear Paper Guide from right side hook, then shift Rear Paper Guide in
direction of arrow A.
3.
Release 2 hooks fastening Rear Paper Guide to PF Roller Unit, then remove Rear
Paper Guide by pushing it in direction of arrow B.
1.
Remove Rear Paper Guide. (See Section 4.2.3.14)
2.
Use tweezers to remove leg of Compression Spring 4.89 from Printer Mechanism.
3.
Use tweezers to release left and right Bushing 8 fastening PF Roller Unit to Printer
Mechanism, then allow the PF Roller Unit to rotate in directions shown by arrows
A and B.
4.
Follow the order shown below to remove PF Roller Unit from Printer Mechanism.
Bush 8
3
2
1
A
4
Compression Spring 4.89
PF Roller Unit
B
Bush 8
Figure 4-49. PF Roller Unit Removal
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
Disassembly
42
CHAPTER
5
ADJUSTMENT
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
5.1 Overview
This section describes all adjustment procedures for Stylus C82.
5.1.1 Conditions for Each Adjustment
The Stylus C82 adjustment program is Epson's first use of a sequential program for performing mechanical/electrical adjustments in an established order. The program will use an
interactive method to guide you through suitable adjustments that correspond to repairs that have actually been made. This chapter only lists the adjustment conditions.
C A U T IO N
„ The adjustment program only operates with PCs running Win95/Win98.
„ When performing ink charge for a cartridge currently in use (same as initial ink charge), an ink out error may be generated during the operation. If this
occurs, replace the ink cartridge and try the operation again.
„ There are mainly two functions on the Stylus C82 adjustment program. One is the sequential adjustment mode depending on your repaired/removed
parts, and another one is the particular adjustment mode for the old hand at repair or, if you've already decided a specific adjustment option. Basically,
Epson recommend you to adopt sequential adjustment mode anytime.
Table 5-1. Adjustment Program Supported Functions
Category
Adjustment
Items
Conditions
Purpose
Back up operation
Try in stages before changing the circuit board.
If the results can be read out, easy repairs may be possible without performing many
adjustments.
EEPROM
initialization
Performed after circuit board replacement regardless of result from
Backup try described above.
This operation allows the firmware to recognize differences between Japanese made
parts and foreign made parts and optimizes the ID check performed between the main
circuit board and the ink cartridge.
Head ID input
Performed after printhead and main board replacement.
If this is not performed, the printing will become unstable and result in poor operation
such as continuous generation of Head Hot Error (Fatal Error indicator).
Head angular
adjustment
Performed after printhead removal/replacement.
If this slips, vertical lines will zigzag and letters will slope like italics.
Bi-D adjustment
Performed after printhead, main board and CR motor replacement. (Not
necessary if only main board was replaced and Backup was successful.)
When bi-directional printing is being performed, the targeted ink impact position is
adjusted for alignment regardless of the direction of CR motion. (User adjustment
possible with Utility on the Driver.)
PF adjustment
Performed after printhead, main board and PF motor replacement. (Not
necessary if only main board was replaced and Backup was successful.)
Sliding will occur if PF motor revolution speed becomes high during high speed
printing. Correcting this at PF motor control reduction table eliminates sliding even
during high speed printing, preventing appearance of white lines. (User adjustment
possible with Utility on Driver.)
PF belt tension
adjustment
Performed after PF motor removal/replacement.
• To reduce the load on the PF Motor.
• To ensure precision of paper feeding.
ADJUSTMENT
Overview
44
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
Table 5-1. Adjustment Program Supported Functions
Category
Adjustment
(Cont.)
Items
Conditions
Purpose
USB ID input
Performed after main board replacement. (Not necessary if only main
board was replaced and Backup was successful.)
A unique ID is created by inputting the printer's serial number into the USB ID. This
prevents conflicts with ID of other connected USB devices.
1st dot position
adjustment
Performed after main board replacement or CR/CR Guide Shaft removal
(or mechanical disassembly in those areas).
Confirms and adjusts suitable position for first printing at top of paper.
CR motor drive
dispersion
1. CR motor heat control correction max value registered in EEPROM
after CR motor, PS board and Main board replacement. (Not
necessary if only main board was replaced and Backup was
successful.)
2. Suitable heat control correction value for starting CR motor drive
dispersion sequence registered after CR guide shaft removal/
replacement.
Calculated by converting the mechanism load from current flowing to CR motor. By
precisely calculating CR motor heat timing based on this data and registering it in
EEPROM, safeguard operation timing is optimized for continuous operation of CR.
To prevent motor coil burn damage, adjustment is necessary after corresponding part
replacement.
PG Adjustment
1. Performed after mechanism replacement.
Ensures correct distance between head surface and paper guide and adjusts
2. Performed after carriage or carriage guide shaft removal/replacement. parallelism at 0 character side and 80 character side to stabilize print quality.
Check pattern
printing
A4 normal paper
printing
1. Used for first operation check with recycled parts.
2. Used to switch to adjustment for checking correct printing after ink
charging following printhead replacement.
3. Used for print check after completed repairs.
This function checks printing in each print mode and confirms absence of printing
problems. Check points for each print pattern are explained in the adjustment
program.
Maintenance
Head cleaning
Dot missing generated - 1
Always starts strongest cleaning cycle from among cleaning types supported by
Stylus C82.
1. Used to perform cleaning when dot missing occurs with A4 normal paper printing
during adjustment or after ink charge.
2. Use during recovery of main functions when recycled parts generate simple
instance of dot missing.
Ink charge
Dot missing generated - 2
Used for recovery of ink absorption at same level of initial ink charge for dot missing
not recoverable by head cleaning described above.
Ink charge for Jig
Supplies ink from special ink pack without using ink cartridge and
performs adjustment.
Ink is absorbed from a specialized ink pack at the factory through a special schedule
ink supply jig. Used when performing continuous adjustments. Suitable for fullservice repair centers.
Refurbishment
Used when performing refurbishment operation.
Used to fill the printhead with special shipping fluid at the factory through a special
schedule shipping fluid substitution jig. This function is necessary for performance of
refurbishment (new part recycling) at full-service repair centers.
Appendix
Protection counter Clears counter value to 0 when a maintenance error is generated or
replacing the waste fluid pad.
Same as left.
EEPROM Data
Same as left.
ADJUSTMENT
Used when analyzing.
Overview
45
CHAPTER
6
MAINTENANCE
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
6.1 Overview
6.1.2 Service Maintenance
This section provides information to maintain the printer in its optimum condition.
If print irregularity (missing dot, banding, etc.) has occurred or the printer indicates
“Maintenance Error”, take the following actions to clear the error.
† Head Cleaning:
6.1.1 Cleaning
4 methods of recovering Dot Missing are shown below.
This printer has no mechanical components which require regular cleaning except the
Printhead. Therefore, when returning the printer to the user, check the following parts
and perform appropriate cleaning if stain is noticeable.
C A U T IO N
„ Never use chemical solvents, such as thinner, benzine, and
acetone to clean the exterior parts of printer like the housing.
These chemicals may deform or deteriorate the components of
the printer.
„ Be careful not to damage any components when you clean inside
the printer.
„ Do not scratch the surface (coated part) of PF roller assembly.
Use soft brush to wipe off any dusts. Use a soft cloth moistened
with alcohol to remove the ink stain.
1.
Press Ink Switch on control panel.
2.
Execute cleaning with printer driver.
3.
Execute strong cleaning with Adjustment Program.
4.
Execute Ink Charge with Adjustment Program.
† Maintenance Error Clear:
† Exterior parts
Use a clean soft cloth moistened with water and wipe off any dirt. If the exterior
parts are stained with ink, use a cloth moistened with neutral detergent to wipe it
off.
† Inside the printer
Maintenance errors cannot be cleared from the control panel, which is different
from previous models. They can only be handled by the Adjustment Program. (See
"Chapter 5 Adjustment" for details.)
„ Overflow Counter Limit:
Overflow Counter (Protection Counter) >= 44436
„ Timing for Replacing the Waste Ink Pad:
By checking the accurate Protection Counter with the Adjustment Program,
the recommended replacement time for a new Waste Ink Pad can be seen.
(See "Chapter 5 Adjustment" for details.)
„ After the Replacement:
Clear the Overflow Counter (Protection Counter):
The Protection Counter can only be cleared with the Adjustment Program.
Use a vacuum cleaner to remove any paper dust.
† ASF LD Roller
When cleaning ASF internal rollers with an adhesive surface cleaning sheet, after
setting the cleaning sheet, press the Paper Feed switch while pressing on the paper
with one hand. Because this printer is a 2 roller type (LD Roller and Retard
Roller), perform cleaning a second time with the adhesive surface of the cleaning
sheet facing rearward.
MAINTENANCE
Overview
47
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
6.1.3 Lubrication
Table 6-2. Lubrication Points
The types lubricants used in the Stylus C82 are specified by SEIKO EPSON. Lubricate
the printer if necessary under the following conditions:
Fig No.
„ Grease has been wiped off during cleaning.
„ Printer has been disassembled/assembled.
6-1
„ Specific part(s) in the printer has been replaced.
C A U T IO N
„ Never use grease other than those specified in this manual. Use of
different types of grease may damage the component or give bad
influence on the printer function.
„ Never apply larger amount of grease than specified in this
manual.
Table 6-1. Grease Applied to the Stylus C82
Type
Grease
C A U T IO N
Name
EPSON Code
G-26
1080614
G-46
1039172
G-63
1218320
Supplier
6-2
EPSON
„ No adhesion is used in the Stylus C82.
„ When applying G-46 without changing any parts, use the Flux
Dispenser (1049533) to apply one coat to specified areas. Because
it is necessary to apply G-46 when replacing old parts with new
parts, soak the parts in G-46 as shown in the photograph on page
50.
MAINTENANCE
Overview
6-3
Lubrication Point/Type
Remarks
<Lubrication Point>
• Driven Roller x 8
<Lubrication Type>
• G-46
<Lubrication Amount>
• Soak in basin containing G-46 and remove
immediately.
• Joint use of Flux Dispenser is
recommended.
<Lubrication Point> (No.1)
• Paper Back Lever shaft socket (2 places)
<Lubrication Type>
• G-26
<Lubrication Amount>
• Shaft socket entire length
• Use a brush to apply it.
<Lubrication Point> (No.2)
• Paper Back Lever left end
<Lubrication Type>
• G-46
<Lubrication Amount>
• Soak in basin containing G-46 and remove
immediately.
• Joint use of Flux Dispenser is
recommended.
<Lubrication Point>
• Paper Back Support Lever
<Lubrication Type>
• G-46
<Lubrication Amount>
• Soak in basin containing G-46 and remove
immediately.
• Joint use of Flux Dispenser is
recommended.
48
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
Table 6-2. Lubrication Points
Fig No.
Lubrication Point/Type
Table 6-2. Lubrication Points
Remarks
Fig No.
• Joint use of Flux Dispenser is
recommended.
6-4
<Lubrication Point>
• LD Roller Shaft left/right ends
<Lubrication Type>
• G-46
<Lubrication Amount>
• Soak in basin containing G-46 and remove
immediately.
• Joint use of Flux Dispenser is
recommended.
6-5
<Lubrication Point>
• Combination Gear Ratchet 65.6 &
Spur Gear 48
<Lubrication Type>
• G-46
<Lubrication Amount>
• Soak in basin containing G-46 and remove
immediately.
6-6
<Lubrication Point>
• The right end of PF Roller unit on metal
surface a circle.
<Lubrication Type>
• G-26
<Lubrication Amount>
• φ1 x 3mm
• Do not attach the grease to the
paper path.
• Be carefully not lubricate on
coated surface.
• Do not touch coated surface of
PF Roller.
• Use a brush to apply it.
• Use a brush to apply it.
6-7
<Lubrication Point>
• Carriage Unit Shaft Socket
<Lubrication Type>
• G-63
<Lubrication Amount>
• Shaft Socket Inner Side
MAINTENANCE
Overview
Lubrication Point/Type
Remarks
• Use a brush to apply it.
6-8
<Lubrication Point>
• Pulley Driven Holder
<Lubrication Type>
• G-26
<Lubrication Amount>
• φ1 x 2mm x 4points
• Use a brush to apply it.
6-9
<Lubrication Point>
• Main Frame Upper Part back side
(Between Change Lever and Main Board
Unit)
<Lubrication Type>
• G-26
<Lubrication Amount>
• φ1 x entire length
• Use a injector to apply it.
6-10
<Lubrication Point>
• Joint between ASF Trigger Lever and ASF
Frame
<Lubrication Type>
• G-26
<Lubrication Amount>
• Protrusion surface area
• Use a brush to apply it.
6-11
<Lubrication Point>
• ASF Trigger Lever Right End
<Lubrication Type>
• G-26
<Lubrication Amount>
• Corner surface area
49
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
No.2
G-26
G-46
No.1
G-63
G-26
G-26
G-46
Figure 6-1. Driven Roller
Figure 6-7. Carriage Unit
Figure 6-2. Paper Back Lever
G-46
Figure 6-8. Pulley Driven Holder
G-26
G-46
G-26
Figure 6-3. Paper Back Support Lever
Figure 6-9. Main Frame
Figure 6-4. LD Roller Shaft
Figure 6-10. ASF Unit
G-46
G-26
G-26
Figure 6-5. Clutch Gear
MAINTENANCE
Figure 6-11. ASF Trigger Lever
Figure 6-6. PF Roller
Overview
50
CHAPTER
7
APPENDIX
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
7.1 Connector Summary
Table 7-3. CN8 - Printhead
Pin
Signal Name
I/O
1
GND
-
The Major component units of this printer are as follows.
2
COM
Out
Head drive pulse (trapezoid waveform)
† Main Board (C486 MAIN)
3
VBS
Out
Power for nozzle selector IC
† Power Supply Board (C486 PSB/PSE)
4
COM
Out
Head drive pulse (trapezoid waveform)
† Panel Board (C486 PANEL)
5
VBS
Out
Power for nozzle selector IC
See the following tables for the connector summary for the C486 MAIN Board and
each connector’s pin assignment.
6
COM
Out
Ground
7
VBS
Out
Power for nozzle selector IC
8
COM
Out
Head drive pulse (trapezoid waveform)
Ref.
9
GND
-
Ground
7.1.1 Major Component Unit
Table 7-1. Connector Summary for C486 MAIN
Connector
Function
Function
Ground
CN1
For connection with the Parallel Interface
-
10
GND
-
Ground
CN3
For connection with the USB
-
11
TH
In
Thermistor detect signal
CN4
For connection with the PE sensor
Table 7-2
12
VCC3.3
Out
CN8, CN9
For connection with the Printhead
Table 7-3, Table 7-4
13
GND
-
Ground
Logic power supply (+3.3V)
CN12
For connection with the PF encoder
Table 7-5
14
NC
-
Not connected
CN13
For connection with the PF motor
Table 7-6
15
GND
-
Ground
CN14
For connection with the CR motor
Table 7-7
16
ENCA
In
Encoder feed back signal ch.A
CN19
For connection with the Power supply board
Table 7-8
17
EVDD
Out
CN20
For connection with the Panel board
Table 7-9
18
ENCB
In
Encoder feed back signal ch.B
19
GND
-
Ground
20
CRST
Out
21
GND
-
22
CSCK
IN/Out
23
CVDD
Out
Table 7-2. CN4 - PE sensor
Pin
Signal Name
I/O
1
PE
In
Sensor detect signal
2
GND
-
Ground
3
PEV
-
Sensor power supply
APPENDIX
Function
Connector Summary
Power for CR encoder
Reset signal for address counter of CSIC
Ground
Clock signal for CSIC read/write
Power for CSIC memory
52
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
Table 7-3. CN8 - Printhead
Pin
Signal Name
I/O
24
CSD
Out
25
GND
26
COO
Table 7-4. CN9 - Printhead
Function
Pin
Signal Name
I/O
CSIC serial data
17
GND
-
-
Ground
18
COM
Out
Head drive pulse (trapezoid waveform)
In
Cartridge out signal
19
VBS
Out
Power for nozzle selector IC
20
COM
Out
Head drive pulse (trapezoid waveform)
21
VBS
Out
Power for nozzle selector IC
22
COM
Out
Head drive pulse (trapezoid waveform)
23
VBS
Out
Power for nozzle selector IC
24
COM
Out
Head drive pulse (trapezoid waveform)
25
GND
-
26
VHV
Out
Table 7-4. CN9 - Printhead
Pin
Signal Name
I/O
1
GND
-
2
SI2
Out
3
GND
-
4
SI1
Out
5
GND
-
6
SCK
Out
7
GND
-
8
CH
Out
9
GND
10
11
Function
Ground
Print data output for color nozzles
Ground
Ground
+42V for the common voltage
Ground
Table 7-5. CN12 - PF encoder
Serial clock
Pin
Signal Name
I/O
Charge signal for the Trapezoidal wave-form
1
GND
-
Ground
-
Ground
2
ENB
In
Feed-back signal from PF encoder ch. B
AND2
In
Abnormal temperature section circuit for the
color nozzles
3
VCC
Out
4
ENA
In
Feed-back signal from PF encoder ch. A
GND
-
Ground
5
GND
-
Ground
Ground
12
AND1
In
13
GND
-
Ground
14
LAT
Out
Head data latch pulse output by 64 bit
15
VCC3.3
Out
Power for CSIC chip
Out
Source signal for driving Trapezoidal waveform
APPENDIX
Ground
Print data output for black nozzles
Abnormal temperature section circuit for the
black nozzles
16
Function
NCHG
Function
Power for the PF encoder
Table 7-6. CN13 - PF motor
Pin
Signal Name
I/O
1
PF-A
Out
Phase drive signal (-A)
2
PF-B
Out
Phase drive signal (-B)
Connector Summary
Function
53
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
Table 7-7. CN14 - CR motor
Pin
Signal Name
I/O
1
CR-A
Out
Phase drive signal (-A)
2
CR-B
Out
Phase drive signal (-B)
7.1.2 EEPROM Address Map
Table 7-10. EEPROM address map
Function
Address
00H
01H
Table 7-8. CN19 - Power supply board
Pin
Signal Name
I/O
1
+42V
Out
2
GND
-
3
+5V
4
Function
02H
Explanation
00H
00H
Ink counter R80
00H
00H
Ink flag1
bit7 : Reserved
bit6 : CSIC chg. seq2.
required
bit5 : In manual Cleaning
seq.
bit4 : Initial fill required
bit3 : Head Hot
bit2 : Ink cleaning seq.
bit1 : Reserved
bit0 : Time stamp occurred
00H
00H
09H
Ink flag2
bit7 : C CSIC chg. seq1.
required
bit6 : M CSIC chg. seq1.
required
bit5 : Y CSIC chg. seq1.
required
bit4 : Bk CSIC chg. seq1.
required
bit3 : C 1st cartridge
bit2 : M 1st cartridge
bit1 : Y 1st cartridge
bit0 : Bk 1st cartridge
00H
00H
0AH
CL2 KK-Counter
00H
00H
0BH
TCL accumulate Counter
00H
00H
Out
Logic power supply
07H
PSC
Out
Power on/off switch (CPU monitors)
5
GND
-
6
+42V
Out
Ground
08H
Table 7-9. CN20 - Panel board
1
LED1
Out
2
SW1
In
3
LED2
Out
4
SW2
In
5
LED0
Out
6
GND
-
Ground
7
SW0
In
Panel switch on/off 0
8
VCC
Out
APPENDIX
Function
LED drive signal 1
Panel switch on/off 1
LED drive signal 2
Panel switch on/off 2
LED drive signal 0
Power for the panel board
-
Ink counter R0
04H
06H
I/O
5AH
00H
Ground
Signal Name
0FH
Password
00H
05H
Pin
QPIT Factory
setting settings
Ink counter A
03H
Power supply
Power supply
Setting
Connector Summary
54
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
Table 7-10. EEPROM address map (continued)
Address
Explanation
Setting
Table 7-10. EEPROM address map (continued)
QPIT Factory
setting settings
0CH
CSIC1 ink name1
00H
00H
0DH
CSIC2 ink name1
00H
00H
0EH
CSIC3 ink name1
00H
00H
0FH
CSIC4 ink name1
00H
00H
10H
|
13H
Ink counter Cb
00H
|
00H
00H
|
00H
14H
|
17H
Ink counter Cy
00H
|
00H
00H
|
00H
Ink counter Cc
00H
|
00H
00H
|
00H
Ink counter Cm
00H
|
00H
00H
|
00H
Printing time
00H
00H
CL time
00H
00H
Current time
00H
00H
00H
00H
18H
|
1BH
1CH
|
1FH
20H
21H
22H
23H
24H
25H
26H
Interface selection
0 : Auto
3 : USB
27H
Interface time-out
0 to 255 (by second, value
of 0 means 10 seconds)
0AH
0AH
28H
IEEE1284.4 for parallel
0 : Auto
2 : Off
1 : On
00H
01H
29H
IEEE1284.4 for USB
0 : Auto
2 : Off
1 : On
00H
01H
APPENDIX
1 : Parallel
Address
Explanation
Setting
bit7 :
bit6 :
bit5 :
bit4 :
bit3 :
2AH
I/F control flags
2BH
2CH
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
ECP speed
(0=Fast, 1=Slow)
bit2 : Compatibility speed
(0=Fast, 1=Slow)
bit1 : ECP mode
(0=Off, 1=On)
bit0 : IEEE1284 mode
(0=On, 1=Off)
QPIT Factory
setting settings
00H
00H
CR duty Data for heat
00H
00H
PF duty Data for hear
00H
00H
00H
00H
00h
01h
2DH
Connector Summary
Fatal Error Code for Sequence
: No error
: Memory free
error
02h
: Board very hot or
very cold
03h
: DRAM error
04h
: Timer IC
initialize error
05h
: Not detect
mechanism edge
06h
: Failure CR
home seeking 1
07h
: Failure CR
home seeking 2
08h
: CR lock retry not
complete
09h-0Ch : Motor sequence
error
0Dh
: Bk anode hot
error
0Eh
: Color anode hot
error
55
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
Table 7-10. EEPROM address map (continued)
Address
2EH
Explanation
Fatal Error Code for DC
Setting
00h
: No error
01h-0Ch : CR motor control
error
FBh-FFh : PF motor control
error
Table 7-10. EEPROM address map (continued)
QPIT Factory
setting settings
00H
Address
CR Measurement Adjust Factor
00H
00H
30H
Measurement data ave. CR
(Hi Byte)
00H
00H
31H
Measurement data ave. CR
(Lo Byte)
00H
00H
32H
Measurement data PF Iout ave.
Higher Speed
00H
00H
33H
Measurement data PF Iout ave.
Lower Speed
00H
00H
34H
1st dot position adjustment
00H
00H
35H
PF position adjustment (Black)
00H
00H
36H
PF position adjustment (Color)
00H
00H
37H
Bi-D adjustment for ECO
(Black)
-60 <= n <= +60
00H
38H
Bi-D adjustment for ECO
(Color)
-60 <= n <= +60
39H
Bi-D adjustment for VSD4
(Black)
3AH
Setting
QPIT Factory
setting settings
3EH
Bi-D adjustment for VSD2
(Color)
-60 <= n <= +60
00H
(*1)
3FH
Bi-D adjustment for VSD1
(Black)
-60 <= n <= +60
00H
(*1)
00H
2FH
Explanation
40H
41H
0FH
Password
5AH
-
42H
Head actuator rank ID for Vh1L
00H
(*1)
43H
Head actuator rank ID for Vh2L
00H
(*1)
44H
Head actuator rank ID for Vh2S
00H
(*1)
45H
Head actuator rank ID for Vh3L
00H
(*1)
46H
Head actuator rank ID for Vh3S
00H
(*1)
47H
Head actuator rank ID for Vh4S
00H
(*1)
48H
Wait Time at Paper loading for
Economy
00H
(*1)
49H
EEPROM Version
41H
-
(*1)
4AH
|
4DH
Reserved
00H
(*1)
00H
(*1)
4EH
CR Trigger offset 80 column
side
-128 to 127 (by 1/180inch)
00H
(*1)
-60 <= n <= +60
00H
(*1)
4FH
CR Trigger offset Home column
side
-128 to 127 (by 1/180inch)
00H
(*1)
Bi-D adjustment for VSD4
(Color)
-60 <= n <= +60
00H
(*1)
50H
Head actuator rank ID for Tc
00H
(*1)
Bi-D adjustment for VSD3
(Black)
51H
TG Maker
*
-
3BH
-60 <= n <= +60
00H
(*1)
3CH
Bi-D adjustment for VSD3
(Color)
-60 <= n <= +60
00H
(*1)
00H
A9H :
World
29H :
Japan
3DH
Bi-D adjustment for VSD2
(Black)
-60 <= n <= +60
00H
(*1)
APPENDIX
52H
Connector Summary
CSIC printer name
0 to 254 (by 10msec)
255 : Special
56
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
Table 7-10. EEPROM address map (continued)
Address
Explanation
Setting
QPIT Factory
setting settings
53H
|
64H
USB ID
00H
|
00H
(*1)
|
(*1)
65H
|
7EH
Model name
00H
|
00H
|
-
00H
00H :
World
01H :
Japan
7FH
Market ID
0 : STD
2 : Custom
1 : Japan
NOTE: Refer to 3.1.1.3 Fatal Error (page 22) for details of all error codes.
NOTE: (*1) : Adjusted at factory.
7.2 Exploded Diagram
An exploded diagram is not provided in the Stylus C82 Service Manual. If consultation
of an exploded diagram is necessary, see the exploded diagram attached to the Stylus
C82 Parts List.
APPENDIX
Exploded Diagram
57
EPSON Stylus C82
Revision A
7.3 Electrical Circuits
APPENDIX
Electrical Circuits
58
EPSON Stylus C82
APPENDIX
Revision A
Electrical Circuits
59
EPSON Stylus C82
APPENDIX
Revision A
Electrical Circuits
60
EPSON Stylus C82
APPENDIX
Revision A
Electrical Circuits
61
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