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Vox SSC-33 Specifications
SSC-5x86HVGA
5x86 w/ VGA
Single Board Computer
@Copyright 1996
All Rights Reserved.
Manual first edition Oct.10,1996
The information in this document is subject to change without prior notice in
order to improve reliability, design and function and does not represent a
commitment on the part of the manufacturer.
In no event will the manufacturer be liable for direct, indirect, special,
incidental, or consequential damages arising out of the use or inability to use
the product or documentation, even if advised of the possibility of such
damages.
This document contains proprietary information protected by copyright. All
rights are reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced by any
mechanical, electronic, or other means in any form without prior written
permission of the manufacturer.
Trademarks
SSC-5x86HVGA is registered trademarks of Acquire Inc., IBM PC is a
registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation. Intel is
a registered trademark of Intel Corporation. AMI is registered trademarks of
American Megatrends, Inc. Other product names mentioned herein are used
for identification purposes only and may be trademarks and/or registered
trademarks of their respective companies.
Contents
1. Introduction.................................................................3
1.1
Specifications.........................................................................................4
1.2
What You Have......................................................................................5
2. Installation...................................................................6
2.1
SSC-5x86HVGA's Layout.......................................................................6
2.2
Unpacking..............................................................................................8
2.3
Jumper Description ................................................................................9
2.4
Setting the CPU for SSC-5x86HVGA...................................................10
2.5
System Memory DRAM .......................................................................11
2.6
Watch-Dog Timer.................................................................................11
2.7
PCI VGA Controller.............................................................................12
2.8
DiskOnChip Flash Disk .......................................................................12
2.9
PS/2 Mouse Setting..............................................................................13
1
3. Connection ................................................................14
3.1
Floppy Disk Drive Connector ...............................................................14
3.2
PCI E-IDE Disk Drive Connector .........................................................15
3.3
Parallel Port .........................................................................................15
3.4
Serial Ports ..........................................................................................16
3.5
Keyboard Connector.............................................................................17
3.6
External Switches and Indicators ..........................................................17
3.7
External Power Connector ....................................................................18
3.8
External Speaker..................................................................................18
3.9
PS/2 Mouse Port .................................................................................18
4. AWARD BIOS Setup................................................19
4.1
Getting Start ........................................................................................19
4.2
Standard CMOS Setup .........................................................................20
4.3
BIOS Features Setup ............................................................................21
4.4
Chipset Features Setup.........................................................................23
4.5
Power Management Setup ....................................................................24
4.6
PCI Configuration Setup ......................................................................27
Appendix A. Watch-Dog Timer.....................................28
2
1
Introduction
Welcome to the SSC-5x86HVGA 5x86 w/VGA Single Board
Computer. The SSC-5x86HVGA board is an ISA bus half-size
board, which comes equipped with high performance
486DX/DX2/DX4 or the latest Cyrix/AMD 5x86 CPU and
advanced high performance multi-mode I/O, designed for the
system manufacturers, integrators, or VARs that want to
provide all the performance, reliability, and quality at a
reasonable price.
An advanced high performance super AT I/O chip UMC
UM8669F used in the SSC-5x86HVGA board. Both on-chip
UARTs are compatible with the NS16C550. The parallel port
and IDE interface are compatible with IBM PC/AT and XT
architecture's. The FDC37C665 incorporates sophisticated
power control circuitry(PCC). The PCC supports multiple low
power down modes.
The on board VGA controller is Cirrus CL-GD54M30 graphics
accelerator. The VGA controller based on the internal PCI
bus
to get the most high performance. User will not need extra
VGA card to release one slot for other application.
In addition, the SSC-5x86HVGA provides two 72-pin SIMM
sockets for its on-board DRAM. The 72-pin accepts 1MB, 2MB,
4MB, 8MB, 16MB, and 32MB SIMM. So, the total on-board
memory can be configured from 1MB to 64MB.
SSC-5x86HVGA uses the ALI chipset, M1489 and M1487,
which are 100% ISA/PCI compatible chipset.
3
1.1
Specifications :
The SSC-5x86HVGA 5x86 w/ VGA Single Board Computer
provides the following specification:
•
CPU : 486SX/DX/DX2/ DX4 or AMD/Cyrix 5x86
•
DMA channels : 7
•
Interrupt levels : 15
•
Chipset : M1489 and M1487
•
Real-time clock/calendar : DS-12887 chip and quartz oscillator,
128B CMOS memory, powered by lithium battery for over 10
years of data retention.
•
RAM memory : 1MB to 64MB,EDO and standard DRAM
supported
•
Second Cache memory : 128KB
•
E-IDE hard disk drive interface : up to two PCI Ehnace IDE
hard drives.
•
Floppy disk drive interface : two 2.88 MB, 1.44MB, 1.2MB,
720KB, or 360KB floppy disk drives.
•
Two high speed and +/-15KV ESD Protected Series ports :
NS16C550 compatible UARTs
•
Bi-directional Parallel Port
•
VGA Controller - GD54M30 :
Bus : PCI bus
Resolution : 1024x768 - 256 color
1280x1024 - 16 color(1MB VRAM)
•
Watch-dog timer : can be set by 1,2,10,20,110 or 220 seconds
period. Reset or NMI was generated when CPU did not
periodically trigger the timer. Your program use hex 043 and 443
to control the watch-dog and generate a system reset.
4
1.2
•
Flash Disk - DiskOnChip : The DiskOnChip Flash Disk provides
100% compatible with hard disk. The built-in TrueFFS
Transparent Flash Block Management and Space Reclamation
will let customer to use the Flash Disk with DOS command, no
need any extra software utility.
•
External power connector(3921-2pin) : 2 pins for +5V,Ground
•
Keyboard connector
•
Mouse : PS/2 Mouse Port on-board.
•
Power Consumption : +5V @ 2.8A ( AMD 5x86-133,8MB RAM)
•
Operating Temperature : 0° ~ 60° C ( CPU needs Cooler)
What You Have
In addition to this User's Manual, the SSC-5x86HVGA
package includes the following items:
• SSC-5x86HVGA 5x86 w/ VGA Single Board Computer
•
RS-232/Printer Cable
•
FDD/HDD Cable
•
VGA utility diskette
•
6-pin Mini-Din to 5-pin Din Keyboard Adapter Cable
If any of these items is missing or damaged, contact the
dealer from whom you purchased the product. Save the
shipping materials and carton in case you want to ship or
store the product in the future.
5
2
Installation
This chapter describes how to install the SSC-5x86HVGA. At
first, the layout of SSC-5x86HVGA is shown, and the
unpacking information that you should be careful is described.
The jumpers and switches setting for the SSC-5x86HVGA's
configuration, such as CPU type selection, system clock
setting, and interrupt IRQ setting for serial ports and parallel
port, are also included.
2.1
SSC-5x86HVGA's Layout
< reference next page >
6
2.2
Unpacking
7
Your SSC-5x86HVGA Single Board Computer contains sensitive
electronic components that can be easily damaged by static
electricity.
In this section, we describe the precautions you should take while
unpacking, as well as during installation. It is very important that
the instructions be followed correctly, to avoid static damage, and to
successfully install the board.
The system board should be done on a grounded anti-static mat.
The operator should be wearing an anti-static wristband, grounded
at the same point as the anti-static mat.
Inspect the cardboard carton for obvious damage. Shipping and
handling may cause damage to your board. Be sure there are no
shipping and handing damages on the board before processing.
After opening the cardboard carton, exact the system board and
place it only on a grounded anti-static surface component side up.
Again inspect the board for damage. Press down on all the socketed
IC's to make sure that they are properly seated. Do this only with
the board place on a firm flat surface.
Note : DO NOT APPLY POWER TO THE BOARD IF IT HAS
BEEN DAMAGED.
You are now ready to install your SSC-5x86HVGA Single Board
Computer.
8
2.3 Jumper Description
You can change the SSC-5x86HVGA's configuration by setting
jumper switches on the board. The board's jumpers are preset at the
factory. Under normal circumstances, you should not need to
change the jumper settings.
A jumper switch is closed (sometimes referred to as shorted with
the plastic cap inserted over two pins of the jumper). A jumper is
open with the plastic cap inserted over one or no pin(s) of the
jumper. Figure 2.2 below shows different jumper settings which
will be used in this chapter.
CLOSED
OPEN
1
1
1-2
2-3
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
1-2
2-3
2-4
Figure 2.2
9
2.4
Setting the CPU for SSC-5x86HVGA
If you want to upgrade the CPU, you have to set two things:
1. Set the jumpers for CPU type.
2. Adjust the jumper setting for CPU speed.
• CPU Type Setting:
CPU Type
Intel DX2/DX4
&E
* Cyrix 5x86
JP2
OFF
JP3
3-4
JP4
3-4
JP5
3-4
JP6
2-3
JP7
2-3
JP8
1-2
JP9
OFF
JP10
ON
5-6
3-4
3-4
3-4
2-3
2-3
2-3
2-3
ON
1-2
5-6
5-6
5-6
2-3
2-3
1-2
1-2
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
1-2
2-3
2-3
1-2
OFF
OFF
1-3
5-6
3-4
3-4
3-4
2-3
2-3
2-3
2-3
ON
AMD DX4+
(SV8B)
Intel DX2/DX4
&EW
SGS
ST486DX4V
ST486DX2V
Cyrix/TI/SGS
DX2/DX4
AMD DX2/DX4
(NV8T)
AMD X5(133)
Am5x86 - P75
DX2+(SV8B)
Note : ON - Close OFF - OPEN
JP11 : OPEN - Write Back internal cache for AMD DX4(SV8B)
CLOSE - Write Thru internal cache for AMD DX4(SV8B)
• CPU Clock Setting :
CPU
Clock
25Mhz
* 33Mhz
40Mhz
JP13
JP15
OPEN
OPEN
CLOSE
1-2
1-2
2-3
JP16
1-2
OPEN
CLOSE
OPEN
JP16
3-4
OPEN
CLOSE
CLOSE
(*): default setting
Note :
DX2-66/DX4-100/5x86-100 sets CPU Clock - 33Mhz
DX2-80/DX4-120/5x86-120 sets CPU Clock - 40Mhz
AMD 5x86-P75(133Mhz) sets CPU Clock - 33MHz
10
• CPU Voltage Selection - 3.3V, or 3.45V
CPU Voltage
* +3.3V
+3.45V
(*) : default setting
JP14
2-3
1-2
2.5 System Memory DRAM(EDO RAM supported)
There are two 72-pin SIMM sockets to accept
1MB,2MB,4MB,8MB,16MB,or 32MB memory modules.
The total capacity is from 1MB to 64MB.
Customer can free install any memory module on any socket.
Don‘t care which socket is first to install.
2.6 Watch-Dog Timer
The Watch-Dog Timer is enabled by reading port 443H. It should
be triggered before the time-out period ends, otherwise it will
assume the program operation is abnormal and will issue a reset
signal to start again, or activate NMI to CPU. The Watch-Dog
Timer is disable by reading port 043H. See Appendix A for more
detailed description of Watch-Dog Timer.
• JP19 : Watch-Dog Active Type Setting
JP19
DESCRIPTION
*1-2
RESET WHEN WDT TIME-OUT
2-3
ACTIVATE NMI TO CPU WHEN WDT TIME-OUT
OPEN
DISABLE WDT
(*): default setting
11
• JP17: WDT Time-Out Period
PERIOD
1-2
1 sec.
OPEN
2 sec.
OPEN
*10 sec.
OPEN
20 sec.
OPEN
110 sec.
CLOSE
220 sec.
CLOSE
(*) : default setting
3-4
OPEN
OPEN
CLOSE
CLOSE
OPEN
OPEN
5-6
CLOSE
CLOSE
OPEN
OPEN
OPEN
OPEN
7-8
OPEN
CLOSE
OPEN
CLOSE
OPEN
CLOSE
2.7 PCI VGA Controller
The SSC-5x86HVGA have built-in Cirrus GD54M30 PCI VGA Controller.
If you wants to use the external VGA Card, the BIOS will automatic disable
the on board VGA controller when have external VGA card in the system.
There have no jumper or BIOS setup to control the on board VGA
controller‘s ON/OFF.
To get more VGA drivers information,please refer the Cirrus Internet
address : WWW.CIRRUS.COM
Or BBS at Taiwan : Cirrus - 886 2 7185173
- 886 2 5147675
2.8 DiskOnChip Flash Disk
The DiskOnChip Flash Disk Chip(DOC) is produced by
M-Systems. The DOC have two models in market
: ED1102 and ED1202. The ED1102 is 28-pin DIP package
and ED1202 is 32-pin package,both models can be used in
SSC-5x86HVGA‘s 32-pin DOC socket. Because the DOC is
100% compatible to hard disk and DOS.Customer don‘t need
any extra software utility. It is just “plug and play”,easy and
reliable. Right now the DOC is available in 1MB/2MB capacity,
in the near future will have 4MB/8MB/16MB model.
12
• JP20 : DiskOnChip Memory Address Setting
JP20
1-2
3-4
* 5-6
Address
D000
D800
E000
(*) : default setting
WARNING !!
If you install the ED1102,28-pin type,the ED1102
pin-1 should be at the 32-pin socket‘s pin-3.
Wrong installation will damage the ED1102 DOC.
2.9 PS/2 Mouse Setting
When use the SSC-5x86HVGA board,you could use the PS/2
mouse to release serial ports for other applications.
The PS/2 mouse will use the IRQ12 when operation.
The JP18 is using to control the PS/2 mouse enable/disable.
• JP18 : Enable/Disable PS/2 Mouse
JP18
* CLOSE
OPEN
DESCRIPTION
Enable PS/2 Mouse,IRQ12
Disable PS/2 Mouse
(*) : default setting
3
13
Connection
This chapter describes how to connect peripherals, switches
and indicators to the SSC-5x86HVGA board.
3.1
Floppy Disk Drive Connector
SSC-5x86HVGA board comes equipped with a 34-pin daisychain driver connector cable.
• CN4 : FDC CONNECTOR
PIN NO.
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
DESCRIPTION
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
PIN NO.
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
14
DESCRIPTION
REDUCE WRITE
N/C
N/C
INDEX#
MOTOR ENABLE A#
DRIVE SELECT B#
DRIVE SELECT A#
MOTOR ENABLE B#
DIRECTION#
STEP#
WRITE DATA#
WRITE GATE#
TRACK 0#
WRITE PROTECT#
READ DATA#
SIDE 1 SELECT#
DISK CHANGE#
3.2
PCI E-IDE Disk Drive Connector
You can attach two IDE( Integrated Device Electronics) hard disk
drives to the SSC-5x86HVGA internal controller.
• CN1: IDE Interface Connector
PIN NO.
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
DESCRIPTION
RESET#
DATA 7
DATA 6
DATA 5
DATA 4
DATA 3
DATA 2
DATA 1
DATA 0
GROUND
N/C
IOW#
IOR#
IORDY
N/C
INTERRUPT
SA1
SA0
HDC CS0#
HDD ACTIVE#
PIN NO.
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
DESCRIPTION
GROUND
DATA 8
DATA 9
DATA 10
DATA 11
DATA 12
DATA 13
DATA 14
DATA 15
N/C
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
BALE - DEFAULT
GROUND - DEFAULT
IOCS16#-DEFAULT
N/C
SA2
HDC CS1#
GROUND
3.3 Parallel Port
This port is usually connected to a printer, The SSC-5x86HVGA
includes an on-board parallel port, accessed through a 26-pin flatcable connector CN5.
• CN5 : Parallel Port Connector
PIN NO.
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
DESCRIPTION
STROBE#
DATA 1
DATA 3
DATA 5
DATA 7
BUSY
PRINTER SELECT
ERROR#
PIN NO.
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
15
DESCRIPTION
DATA 0
DATA 2
DATA 4
DATA 6
ACKNOWLEDGE
PAPER EMPTY
AUTO FORM FEED #
INITIALIZE
17
19
21
23
25
3.4
PRINTER SELECT LN#
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
18
20
22
24
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
Serial Ports
The SSC-5x86HVGA offers two high speed NS16C550 compatible
UARTs with Read/Receive 16 byte FIFO serial ports.
• CN10 : Serial Port DB-9 Connector( ACE0 )
PIN NO.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
DESCRIPTION
DATA CARRIER DETECT (DCD)
RECEIVE DATA
(RXD)
TRANSMIT DATA
(TXD)
DATA TERMINAL READY (DTR)
GROUND
(GND)
DATA SET READY
(DSR)
REQUEST TO SEND
(RTS)
CLEAR TO SEND
(CTS)
RING INDICATOR
(RI)
• CN6 : Serial Port 10-pin Header( ACE1)
Pin No.
1
3
5
7
9
Description
DCD
RXD
TXD
DTR
GND
Pin No.
2
4
6
8
10
Description
DSR
RTS
CTX
RI
NC
16
3.5
Keyboard Connector
The SSC-5x86HVGA provides two keyboard connectors.
• CN7 : 5-pin Header Keyboard Connector
PIN NO.
1
2
3
4
5
DESCRIPTION
KEYBOARD CLOCK
KEYBOARD DATA
N/C
GROUND
+5V
• CN9 : 6-pin Mini-DIN Keyboard Connector
PIN NO.
1
2
3
4
5
6
3.6
DESCRIPTION
KEYBOARD DATA
N/C
GROUND
+5V
KEYBOARD CLOCK
N/C
External Switches and Indicators
There are many external switches and indicators for monitoring
and controlling your CPU board.
• CN12 : RESET BUTTON
PIN NO.
1
2
DESCRIPTION
EXTERNAL RESET
GROUND
• CN3 : IDE LED connector
PIN-NO
1
2
DESCRIPTION
+5V
HDD ACTIVE#
17
3.7 External Power Connector
The SSC-5x86HVGA has an on-board external power connector
CN13. You can connect power directly to the CPU board for some
single-board-computer( without passive backplane) application.
• CN13 : EXTERNAL POWER CONNECTOR
PIN NO.
1
2
DESCRIPTION
+5V
GROUND
3.8 External Speaker
The SSC-5x86HVGA has its own buzzer, you also can connect to
the external speaker through the connector CN2.
• CN2 : Speaker Connector
PIN NO.
1
2
3
4
DESCRIPTION
SPEAKER SIGNAL
NC
GROUND
+5V
3.9 PS/2 Mouse 6-pin Mini-DIN Connector
• CN9 : PS/2 Mouse Connector
PIN NO.
1
2
3
4
5
6
DESCRIPTION
MS DATA
NC
GROUND
+5V
KBT1
NC
18
4
AWARD BIOS Setup
The SSC-5x86HVGA uses the AWARD PCI/ISA BIOS for system
configuration. The AWARD BIOS setup program is designed to
provide maximum flexibility in configuring the system by offering
various options which may be selected for end-user requirements.
This chapter is written to assist you in the proper usage of these
features.
4.1 Getting Start
When powered on the system, the BIOS will enter the Power-OnSelf-Test routines. These routines will be executed for System Test
and Initialization and System Configuration Verification. After the
POST routines are completed, the following message appears :
" Press DEL to enter setup"
To access AWARD PCI/ISA BIOS Setup program, press <Del> key.
The following screen will be displayed at this time.
19
4.2 Standard CMOS Setup
The Standard CMOS Setup is used for basic system hardware
configuration. Every time when you change any hardware
configuration,for example memory size,you have to modify this
setup again. Please refer the following screen for this setup.
Mode Setting for >528MB IDE HDD
When the IDE hard disk drive you are using is larger than
528MB,please set the HDD mode to LBA mode.
Note : Setting incorrect drive mode may make the drive
working improperly.
20
4.3 BIOS Features Setup
This setup is designed for customer‘s tuning best performance
of the SSC5x86HVGA board. As for normal operation customers
don‘t have to change any default setting.The default setting is presetted for most reliable operation.Please refer the following screen
for the BIOS Features Setup.
21
Virus Waring :
Enable - Will halt system when any attempt to
write to boot sector or patition table of hard disk.
Memory Parity Check :
Disable - Will not check the DRAM module‘s parity.
Video BIOS Shadow :
Enable - Will increase the video speed.
C8000-CFFFF,D0000-D7FFF,& D8000-DFFFF Shadow :
When the installed add-on card‘s ROM address is as
above address,you could enable the shadow to get higher
operation performance.When you enable the shadow
function,it will also reduce the memory available by
between 640KB and 1024KB.
22
4.4 Chipset Features Setup
This setup functions are almostly working for ChipSet(ALI
M1489 and M1487). These options are used to change the
ChipSet‘s registers. Please carefully change any default
setting ,otherwise the system could be running un-stable.
Auto Configuration :
Enable : The BIOS will configure the ChipSet features
automatically when boot up the system.
Disable : The BIOS will allow customer to change the setting
on the screen.
AT -BUS Clock - CLK/4 means 33Mhz/4 = 8.25Mhz (DX2-66 CPU)
Parallel Port Mode : Normal(default),EPP,ECP,ECP+EPP
Onboard FDC Controller : Enabled(default),Disabled
23
Onboard Serial Port 1 : 3F8/IRQ4(default),2F8/IRQ3,3E8/IRQ4
2E8/IRQ3,Disabled
Onboard Serial Port 2 : 2F8/IRQ3(default),3E8/IRQ4,2E8/IRQ3,
3F8/IRQ4,Disabled
Onboard Parallel Port :
378/IRQ7(default),278/IRQ5,3BC/IRQ7,Disabled
4.5 Power Management Setup
Power Management Setup help user handles the
SSC-5x86HVGA board‘s “green” function. The features will shut
down the video display and hard disk to save energy. The power
management setup screen is as following,
24
Power Management :
This is the master control of all power management
functions.
The default setting is “disable” for general application.
User Defined : Allows user to set any power saving
options.
Min. Saving : System enters power saving mode after
1 hour no activity.
Max. Saving : System enters power saving mode after
5 seconds no activity.
PM Control by APM :
No - Default setting
25
Yes - System BIOS will wait for APM prompt before it enters
any power management mode.
Note : APM Mode :
This mode is using for DOS 6.0 or higher version with
the driver POWER.EXE. The driver should be loaded
at system power-on by CONFIG.SYS file.
POWER.EXE will monitor the system status thru the
BIOS APM interface.
Video Off Option :
Susp,Stby ¡ ÷
Off - Screen Off when system in Suspend or
Standby mode.
Susp ¡ ÷
Off - Screen Off when system in Suspend mode.
All Modes ¡ ÷
Off - Screen Off when system in Suspend,
Standby,or Doze mode.
Alway On - System BIOS will never turn off the screen.
Video Off Method :
Blank Screen : When BIOS do the video off the screen
will be blank.
V/H Sync, + Blank : When BIOS do the video off,BIOS will
turn of the V-sync & H-sync signals from VGA card and
also let the screen blank.
PM Timers :
User can set the HDD Power Down,Doze Mode,Standby
Mode,and Suspend Mode‘s time out period. The system
will be recovered when the system is re-activity.
PM Events :
If there is any activity occured on the list of the group,the
system will wake up. You can set the IRQ1,IRQ3-15
individually in the list.
4.6 PCI Configuration Setup
26
This screen help user configure their PCI bus slots.
The SSC-5x86HVGA only supports the on board PCI VGA
and IDE,so only the related features are in the setup.
PCI IRQ Activity by :
Level - Most PCI cards use the level trigger method.
Edge - Be sure the PCI cards use the edge trigger method
before you set it.
Appendix A. Watch-Dog Timer
27
The Watch-Dog Timer is provided to ensure that standalone
systems can always recover from catastrophic conditions that
caused the CPU to crash. This condition may have occurred by
external EMI or a software bug. When the CPU stops working
correctly, hardware on the board will either perform a hardware
reset (cold boot) or a non-maskable interrupt (NMI) to bring the
system back to a known state.
The Watch-Dog Timer is controlled by two I/O ports.
443
(hex)
043
(hex)
Read
Enable the refresh the Watch-Dog Timer.
Read
Disable the Watch-Dog Timer.
To enable the Watch-Dog Timer, a read from I/O port 443H must
be performed. This will enable and activate the countdown timer
which will eventually time out and either reset the CPU or cause an
NMI depending on the setting of JP19. To ensure that this reset
condition does not occur, the Watch-Dog Timer must be
periodically refreshed by reading the same I/O port 433H. This
must be done within the time out period that is selected by jumper
group JP17.
A tolerance of at least 30% must be maintained to avoid unknown
routines within the operating system (DOS), such as disk I/O that
can be very time consuming. Therefore if the time out period has
been set to 10 seconds, the I/O port 443H must be read within 7
seconds.
Note: when exiting a program it is necessary to disable the WatchDog Timer, otherwise the system will reset.
28
10
11
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
REM EXAMPLE PROGRAM
REM WATCH-DOG TIMER == WDT
GOSUB 5000 REM ENABLE AND REFRESH THE WDT
GOSUB 1000 REM TASK 1, 2 SECS
GOSUB 5000 REFRESH THE WDT
GOSUB 2000 REM TASK 2, 3 SECS
GOSUB 6000 REM DISABLE THE WDT
GOSUB 3000 REM TASK 3, 5 SECS
GOSUB 5000 REM ENABLE AND REFRESH THE WDT
GOTO 30
1000
REM SUBROUTINE #1
2 SECONDS TO COMPLETE
RETURN
1070
2000
2070
REM SUBROUTINE #2
3 SECONDS TO COMPLETE
RETURN
5000
5010
5020
REM SUBROUTINE TO ENABLE AND RESET WDT
X = INP( &H443) REM ENABLE AND REFRESH TIMER
RETURN
6000
6010
6020
REM SUBROUTINE TO DISABLE THE WDT
X = INP( &H43) REM RESET WDT
RETURN
29
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