Yamaha | T-50 | Owner`s manual | Yamaha T-50 Owner`s manual

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F50
T50
F60
T60
OWNER’S MANUAL
U.S.A.Edition
LIT-18626-07-11
6C1-28199-13
6C1-9-13 Hyoshi 06.2.24 10:08 AM ページ 2
EMU25060
ZMU01690
Read this owner’s manual carefully before operating your outboard motor.
Important manual information
EMU31280
To the owner
Thank you for choosing a Yamaha outboard
motor. This Owner’s Manual contains information needed for proper operation, maintenance and care. A thorough understanding
of these simple instructions will help you obtain maximum enjoyment from your new
Yamaha. If you have any question about the
operation or maintenance of your outboard
motor, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
In this Owner’s Manual particularly important
information is distinguished in the following
ways.
The Safety Alert Symbol means
ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR
SAFETY IS INVOLVED!
EWM00780
WARNING
Failure to follow WARNING instructions
could result in severe injury or death to
the machine operator, a bystander, or a
person inspecting or repairing the outboard motor.
ECM00700
CAUTION:
A CAUTION indicates special precautions
that must be taken to avoid damage to the
outboard motor.
NOTE:
A NOTE provides key information to make
procedures easier or clearer.
Yamaha continually seeks advancements in
product design and quality. Therefore, while
this manual contains the most current product information available at the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies
between your machine and this manual. If
there is any question concerning this manu-
al, please consult your Yamaha dealer.
NOTE:
The F50TR, T50TR, F60TR, T60TR and the
standard accessories are used as a base for
the explanations and illustrations in this
manual. Therefore some items may not apply to every model.
EMU25110
F50, T50, F60, T60
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2006 by Yamaha Motor Corporation, USA
1st edition, April 2006
All rights reserved.
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
Yamaha Motor Corporation, USA
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan
P/N LIT-18626-07-11
Table of contents
General information .......................... 1
Identification numbers record.......... 1
Outboard motor serial number .......... 1
Key number....................................... 1
Emission control information ........... 1
North American models..................... 1
Star labels ......................................... 2
Safety information ........................... 3
Important labels............................... 4
Warning labels .................................. 4
Caution labels ................................... 5
Basic boating rules
(Rules of the road) ........................ 5
Steering and sailing rules and
sound signals.................................. 5
Rules when encountering vessels .... 6
Other special situations..................... 7
Fueling instructions ......................... 8
Gasoline ............................................ 9
Engine oil .......................................... 9
Battery requirement....................... 10
Battery specifications ...................... 10
Propeller selection......................... 10
Start-in-gear protection ................. 11
Basic components .......................... 12
Main components.......................... 12
Fuel tank ......................................... 13
Fuel joint ......................................... 13
Fuel gauge ...................................... 14
Fuel tank cap .................................. 14
Air vent screw ................................. 14
Remote control................................ 14
Remote control lever ....................... 14
Neutral interlock trigger ................... 14
Neutral throttle lever........................ 14
Tiller handle .................................... 15
Gear shift lever................................ 15
Throttle grip ..................................... 15
Throttle indicator ............................. 15
Throttle friction adjuster................... 16
Engine stop lanyard switch ............. 16
Engine stop button .......................... 17
Main switch ..................................... 17
Steering friction adjuster ................. 18
Power trim and tilt switch on
remote control or tiller handle ....... 18
Power trim and tilt switch on
bottom engine cowling .................. 19
Variable trolling RPM switches........ 19
Trim tab with anode......................... 20
Tilt support lever for power trim
and tilt or hydro tilt model.............. 20
Top cowling lock lever(s)
(turn type)...................................... 21
Flushing device ............................... 21
Water separator .............................. 21
Tachometer ..................................... 21
Digital tachometer ........................... 22
Low oil pressure warning
indicator ........................................ 22
Low oil pressure warning
indicator ........................................ 22
Overheat warning indicator ............. 23
Overheat warning indicator
(digital type) .................................. 23
Speedometer (digital type) .............. 23
Trim meter ....................................... 24
Trim meter (digital type) .................. 24
Hour meter (digital type).................. 24
Trip meter ........................................ 25
Clock ............................................... 25
Fuel gauge ...................................... 26
Fuel warning indicator ..................... 26
Low battery voltage warning
indicator ........................................ 26
Command link multifunction
meters ........................................... 27
Tachometer unit .............................. 27
Speed & fuel meter unit................... 30
Speedometer unit ............................ 31
Fuel management meter ................. 32
Warning system ............................ 33
Overheat warning ............................ 33
Low oil pressure warning ................ 33
Operation ......................................... 35
Installation..................................... 35
Mounting the outboard motor .......... 35
Breaking in engine ........................ 36
Procedure for 4-stroke models ........ 36
Preoperation checks ..................... 36
Table of contents
Fuel ................................................. 36
Controls........................................... 37
Engine ............................................. 37
Checking the engine oil level .......... 37
Flushing power unit ......................... 56
Cleaning the outboard motor........... 57
Checking painted surface of
motor............................................. 57
Filling fuel ...................................... 37
Periodic maintenance ................... 58
Ring Free Fuel Additive .................. 38
Replacement parts .......................... 58
Maintenance chart........................... 59
Maintenance chart (additional) ........ 60
Greasing.......................................... 61
Cleaning and adjusting spark
plug ............................................... 61
Checking fuel system ...................... 62
Inspecting idling speed.................... 63
Changing engine oil ........................ 63
Checking wiring and connectors ..... 65
Exhaust leakage.............................. 65
Water leakage ................................. 65
Engine oil leakage ........................... 65
Checking power trim and tilt /
power tilt system ........................... 65
Checking propeller .......................... 66
Removing the propeller ................... 67
Installing the Propeller..................... 67
Changing gear oil ............................ 68
Cleaning fuel tank ........................... 69
Inspecting and replacing
anode(s)........................................ 69
Checking battery (for electric start
models) ......................................... 70
Connecting the battery .................... 71
Disconnecting the battery................ 72
Checking top cowling ...................... 72
Coating the boat bottom .................. 72
Operating engine........................... 38
Feeding fuel (portable tank) ............ 38
Starting engine ................................ 39
Warming up engine ....................... 42
Manual start and electric start
models .......................................... 42
Shifting .......................................... 42
Forward (tiller handle and remote
control models) ............................. 42
Reverse (automatic reverse lock
and power trim and tilt models)..... 43
Trolling .......................................... 44
Adjusting trolling speed ................... 44
Stopping engine ............................ 44
Procedure ....................................... 44
Trimming outboard motor.............. 45
Adjusting trim angle ........................ 45
Adjusting boat trim .......................... 46
Tilting up and down ....................... 47
Procedure for tilting up
(power trim and tilt models /
power tilt models).......................... 48
Procedure for tilting down
(power trim and tilt models /
power tilt models).......................... 49
Cruising in shallow water .............. 50
Power trim and tilt models /
power tilt models........................... 50
Cruising in other conditions........... 51
Maintenance..................................... 52
Specifications ................................ 52
Transporting and storing outboard
motor ........................................... 53
Storing outboard motor ................... 54
Procedure ....................................... 54
Lubrication ...................................... 55
Cleaning and anticorrosion
measures ...................................... 55
Battery care..................................... 56
Trouble Recovery............................ 73
Troubleshooting ............................ 73
Temporary action in emergency ... 76
Impact damage ............................... 76
Replacing fuse ................................ 76
Power trim and tilt / power tilt will
not operate.................................... 77
Water separator warning indicator
blinks while cruising ...................... 77
Starter will not operate .................... 79
Emergency starting engine ............. 80
Treatment of submerged motor .... 80
Table of contents
Procedure ....................................... 81
Consumer information.................... 82
Important warranty information for
U.S.A. and Canada ..................... 82
YAMAHA MOTOR
CORPORATION, U.S.A.
FOUR-STROKE OUTBOARD
MOTOR
THREE-YEAR LIMITED
WARRANTY ................................ 84
IMPORTANT WARRANTY
INFORMATION IF YOU USE
YOUR YAMAHA OUTSIDE
THE USA OR CANADA .............. 86
General information
EMU25170
Identification numbers record
EMU25183
Outboard motor serial number
The outboard motor serial number is
stamped on the label attached to the port
side of the clamp bracket.
Record your outboard motor serial number in
the spaces provided to assist you in ordering
spare parts from your Yamaha dealer or for
reference in case your outboard motor is stolen.
1. Key number
EMU25221
Emission control information
EMU25230
North American models
1. Outboard motor serial number location
This engine conforms to U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) regulations for marine SI engines. See the label affixed to your
engine for details.
EMU31560
Approval label of emission control certificate
This label is attached to the bottom cowling.
New Technology; (4-stroke) MFI
1
EMU25190
Key number
If a main key switch is equipped with the motor, the key identification number is stamped
on your key as shown in the illustration.
Record this number in the space provided for
reference in case you need a new key.
ZMU03570
1. Approval label location
1
General information
particular label.
1
ZMU05088
EMU25262
Manufactured date label
This label is attached to the clamp bracket or
the swivel bracket.
1
ZMU04701
1. Star labels location
EMU25280
One Star—Low Emission
The one-star label identifies engines that
meet the Air Resources Board’s 2001 exhaust emission standards. Engines meeting
these standards have 75% lower emissions
than conventional carbureted two-stroke engines. These engines are equivalent to the
U.S. EPA’s 2006 standards for marine engines.
1. Manufactured date label location
ZMU01702
EMU25290
EMU25272
Star labels
Your outboard motor is labeled with a California Air Resources Board (CARB) star label. See below for a description of your
2
Two Stars—Very Low Emission
The two-star label identifies engines that
meet the Air Resources Board’s 2004 exhaust emission standards. Engines meeting
these standards have 20% lower emissions
than One Star-Low-Emission engines.
General information
●
ZMU01703
●
EMU25300
Three Stars—Ultra Low Emission
The three-star label identifies engines that
meet the Air Resources Board’s 2008 exhaust emission standards. Engines meeting
these standards have 65% lower emissions
than One Star-Low-Emission engines.
●
●
●
ZMU01704
EMU25362
●
Safety information
●
●
●
Before mounting or operating the outboard
motor, read this entire manual. Reading it
should give you an understanding of the
motor and its operation.
Before operating the boat, read any owner’s or operator’s manuals supplied with it
and all labels. Be sure you understand
each item before operating.
Do not overpower the boat with this outboard motor. Overpowering the boat could
result in loss of control. The rated power of
●
●
the outboard should be equal to or less
than the rated horsepower capacity of the
boat. If the rated horsepower capacity of
the boat is unknown, consult the dealer or
boat manufacturer.
Do not modify the outboard. Modifications
could make the motor unfit or unsafe to
use.
Incorrect propeller selection and incorrect
use may not only cause engine damage,
but also adversely affect fuel consumption.
Consult your dealer for correct use.
Never operate after drinking alcohol or taking drugs. About 50% of all boating fatalities involve intoxication.
Have an approved personal flotation device (PFD) on board for every occupant. It
is a good idea to wear a PFD whenever
boating. At a minimum, children and nonswimmers should always wear PFDs, and
everyone should wear PFDs when there
are potentially hazardous boating conditions.
Gasoline is highly flammable, and its vapors are flammable and explosive. Handle
and store gasoline carefully. Make sure
there are no gas fumes or leaking fuel before starting the engine.
This product emits exhaust gases which
contain carbon monoxide, a colorless,
odorless gas which may cause brain damage or death when inhaled. Symptoms include nausea, dizziness, and drowsiness.
Keep cockpit and cabin areas well ventilated. Avoid blocking exhaust outlets.
Check throttle, shift, and steering for proper operation before starting the engine.
Attach the engine stop switch lanyard cord
to a secure place on your clothing, or your
arm or leg while operating. If you accidentally leave the helm, the cord will pull from
3
General information
the switch, stopping the engine.
Know the marine laws and regulations
where you will be boating—and obey
them. For basic boating rules, see “Rules
of the road” on page 5.
● Stay informed about the weather. Check
weather forecasts before boating. Avoid
boating in hazardous weather.
● Tell someone where you are going: leave
a Float Plan with a responsible person. Be
sure to cancel the Float Plan when you return.
● Use common sense and good judgment
when boating. Know your abilities, and be
sure you understand how your boat handles under the different boating conditions
you may encounter. Operate within your
limits, and the limits of your boat. Always
operate at safe speeds, and keep a careful
watch for obstacles and other traffic.
● Always watch carefully for swimmers during the engine operation.
● Stay away from swimming areas.
● When a swimmer is in the water near you
shift into neutral and shut off the engine.
● Do not illegally discard empty containers
used to replace or replenish oil. For the
correct processing of empty containers,
consult the dealer where you purchased
the oil.
● When replacing oils used to lubricate the
product (engine or gear oil), be sure to
wipe away any spilt oil. Never pour oil without using a funnel or similar device. If necessary, verify the necessary replacement
procedure with the dealer.
● Never illegally discard (dump) the product.
Yamaha recommends consulting the dealer on discarding the product.
Be informed about boating safety. Additional
publications and information can be obtained
●
4
from many organizations, including the following:
United States Coast Guard
Consumer Affairs Staff (G-BC)
Office of Boating, Public, and Consumer Affairs
U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters
Washington, D.C. 20593-0001
Boating Safety Hotline: 1-800-368-5647
National Marine Manufacturers Association (NMMA)
401 N. Michigan Ave.
Chicago, Il 60611
Marine Retailers Association of America
155 N. Michigan Ave.
Chicago, Il 60601
EMU25382
Important labels
EMU25395
Warning labels
ZMU03678
EMU25401
Label
EWM01260
WARNING
●
●
●
Be sure shift control is in neutral before
starting engine. (except 2HP)
Do not touch or remove electrical parts
when starting or during operation.
Keep hands, hair, and clothes away
from flywheel and other rotating parts
while engine is running.
General information
EMU25465
EMU25510
Caution labels
Steering and sailing rules and sound
signals
ZMU04702
EMU25473
Label
ECM01191
CAUTION:
Transport and store the engine only as
shown. Otherwise, engine damage could
result from leaking oil.
EMU25500
Basic boating rules (Rules of
the road)
Just as there are rules which apply when you
are driving on streets and high ways, there
are waterway rules which apply when you
are driving your boat. These rules are used
internationally, and are also enforced by the
United States Coast Guard and local agencies. You should be aware of these rules,
and follow them whenever you encounter
another vessel on the water.
Several sets of rules prevail according to
geographic location, but are all basically the
same as the International Rules of the Road.
The rules presented here in your Owner’s
Manual are condensed, and have been provided for your convenience only. Consult
your local U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary or Department of Motor Vehicles for a complete
set of rules governing the waters in which
you will be using your boat.
Whenever two vessels on the water meet
one another, one vessel has the right-ofway; it is called the “stand-on” vessel. The
vessel which does not have the right-of-way
is called the “give-way” or “burdened” vessel.
These rules determine which vessel has the
right-of-way, and what each vessel should
do.
Stand-on vessel
The vessel with the right-of-way has the duty
to continue its course and speed, except to
avoid an immediate collision. When you
maintain your direction and speed, the other
vessel will be able to determine how best to
avoid you.
Give-way vessel
The vessel which does not have the right-ofway has the duty to take positive and timely
action to stay out of the way of the Stand-On
vessel. Normally, you should not cross in
front of the vessel with the right-of-way. You
should slow down or change directions briefly and pass behind the other vessel. You
should always move in such a way that the
operator of the other vessel can see what
you are doing.
“The general prudential rule”
This rule is called Rule 2 in the International
Rules and says,
“In obeying and construing these rules due
regard shall be had to all dangers of navigation and collision, and to any special circumstances, which may render a departure from
the above rules necessary in order to avoid
immediate danger.”
In other words, follow the standard rules except when a collision will occur unless both
vessels try to avoid each other. If that is the
case, both vessels become “Give-Way” ves-
5
General information
sels.
EMU25520
Rules when encountering vessels
There are three main situations which you
may encounter with other vessels which
could lead to a collision unless the Steering
Rules are followed:
Meeting: (you are approaching another vessel head-on)
Crossing: (you are traveling across the other vessel’s path)
Overtaking: (you are passing or being
passed by another vessel)
In the following illustration, your boat is in the
center. You should give the right-of-way to
any vessels shown in white area (you are the
Give-Way vessel). Any vessels in the shaded area must yield to you (they are the GiveWay vessels). Both you and the meeting
vessel must alter course to avoid each other.
Meeting
If you are meeting another power vessel
head on, and are close enough to run the risk
of collision, neither of you has the right-ofway! Both of you should alter course to avoid
an accident. You should keep the other vessel on your port (left) side. This rule doesn’t
apply if both of you will clear one another if
you continue on your set course and speed.
6
Crossing
When two power driven vessels are crossing
each other’s path close enough to run the
risk of collision, the vessel which has the other on the starboard (right) side must keep out
of the way of the other. If the other vessel is
on your right, you must keep out of its way;
you are the Give-Way vessel. If the other
vessel is on your port (left) side, remember
that you should maintain course and direction, provided the other vessel gives you the
right-of-way as it should.
Overtaking
If you are passing another vessel, you are
the “Give-Way” vessel. This means that the
other vessel is expected to maintain its
course and speed. You must stay out of its
way until you are clear of it. Likewise, if another vessel is passing you, you should
maintain your speed and direction so that the
other vessel can steer itself around you.
General information
EMU25530
Other special situations
There are three other rules you should be
aware of when driving your boat around other vessels.
Narrow channels and bends
When navigating in narrow channels, you
should keep to the right when it is safe and
practical to do so. If the operator of a powerdriven vessel is preparing to go around a
bend that may obstruct the view of other water vessels, the operator should sound a prolonged blast on the whistle (4 to 6 seconds).
If another vessel is around the bend, it too
should sound the whistle. Even if no reply is
heard, however, the vessel should still proceed around the bend with caution. If you
navigate such waters with your boat, you will
need to carry a portable air horn, available
from local marine supply stores.
Fishing vessel right-of-way
All vessels which are fishing with nets, lines
or trawls are considered to be “fishing vessels” under the International Rules. Vessels
with trolling lines are not considered fishing
vessels. Fishing vessels have the right-ofway regardless of position. Fishing vessels
cannot, however, impede the passage of
other vessels in narrow channels.
Sailing vessel right-of-way
Sailing vessels should normally be given the
right-of-way. The exceptions to this are:
1. When the sailing vessel is overtaking
the power-driven vessel, the power-driven vessel has the right-of-way.
2. Sailing vessels should keep clear of any
fishing vessel.
3. In a narrow channel, a sailing vessel
should not hamper the safe passage of
a power-driven vessel which can navigate only in such a channel.
Reading buoys and other markers
The waters of the United states are marked
for safe navigation by the lateral system of
buoyage. Simply put, buoys and markers
have an arrangement of shapes, colors,
numbers and lights to show which side of the
buoy a boater should pass on when navigating in a particular direction. The markings on
these buoys are oriented from the perspective of being entered from seaward (the boater is going towards the port). This means that
red buoys are passed on the starboard
(right) side when proceeding from open water into port, and black buoys are to port (left)
side. When navigating out of port, your position with respect to the buoys should be reversed; red buoys should be to port and
black buoys to starboard.
Many bodies of water used by boaters are
entirely within the boundaries of a particular
state. The Uniform State Waterway Marking
System has been devised for these waters.
This system uses buoys and signs with distinctive shapes and colors to show regulatory or advisory information. These markers
are white with black letters and orange
boarders. They signify speed zones, restricted areas, danger areas, and general information.
Remember, markings may vary by geographic location. Always consult local boating authorities before driving your boat in
unfamiliar waters.
7
General information
ZMU01708
EMU25540
Fueling instructions
EWM00010
WARNING
GASOLINE AND ITS VAPORS ARE HIGHLY FLAMMABLE AND EXPLOSIVE!
● Do not smoke when refueling, and keep
8
●
●
●
away from sparks, flames, or other
sources of ignition.
Stop engine before refueling.
Refuel in a well-ventilated area. Refuel
portable fuel tanks off the boat.
Take care not to spill gasoline. If gasoline spills, wipe it up immediately with
General information
●
●
●
●
●
dry rags.
Do not overfill the fuel tank.
Tighten the filler cap securely after refueling.
If you should swallow some gasoline,
inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or get
gasoline in your eyes, get immediate
medical attention.
If any gasoline spills onto your skin, immediately wash with soap and water.
Change clothing if gasoline spills on it.
Touch the fuel nozzle to the filler opening or funnel to help prevent electrostatic sparks.
ECM00010
CAUTION:
Use only new clean gasoline which has
been stored in clean containers and is not
contaminated with water or foreign matter.
EMU31440
Engine oil
Recommended engine oil:
YAMALUBE 4-M FC-W oil or 4-stroke
motor oil with a combination of the following SAE and API oil classifications
Engine oil type SAE:
10W-30 or 10W-40
Engine oil grade API:
SE, SF, SG, SH, SJ, SL
Engine oil quantity (excluding oil filter):
2.5 L (2.64 US qt) (2.20 Imp.qt)
NOTE:
If the recommended engine oil grades are
not available, select an alternative from the
following chart according to the average
temperatures in your area.
EMU25570
Gasoline
If knocking or pinging occurs, use a different
brand of gasoline or premium unleaded fuel.
Recommended gasoline:
Regular unleaded gasoline with a minimum octane rating of 86 (Pump Octane Number) = (R+M)/2
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol: gasohol containing ethanol and that containing methanol. Gasohol containing ethanol can be used
if ethanol content does not exceed 10% and
the fuel meets minimum octane ratings.
Yamaha does not recommended gasohol
containing methanol because it can cause
fuel system damage or engine performance
problems.
ECM01050
CAUTION:
All 4-stroke engines are shipped from the
factory without engine oil.
9
General information
ZMU01710
EMU25700
Battery requirement
ECM01060
CAUTION:
Do not use a battery that does not meet
the specified capacity. If a battery which
does not meet specifications is used, the
electric system could perform poorly or
be overloaded, causing electric system
damage.
For electric start models, choose a battery
which meets the following specifications.
ler, as an incorrect choice could adversely
affect performance and could also seriously
damage the motor. Engine speed depends
on the propeller size and boat load. If engine
speed is too high or too low for good engine
performance, this will have an adverse effect
on the engine.
Yamaha outboard motors are fitted with propellers chosen to perform well over a range
of applications, but there may be uses where
a propeller with a different pitch would be
more appropriate. For a greater operating
load, a smaller-pitch propeller is more suitable as it enables the correct engine speed
to be maintained. Conversely, a larger-pitch
propeller is more suitable for a smaller operating load.
Yamaha dealers stock a range of propellers,
and can advise you and install a propeller on
your outboard that is best suited to your application.
EMU25711
Battery specifications
Minimum cold cranking amps (CCA/
SAE):
380.0 A
Minimum marine cranking amps (MCA/
ABYC):
502.0 A
Minimum reserve capacity (RC/SAE):
124 minutes
NOTE:
The engine cannot be started if battery voltage is too low.
EMU25742
Propeller selection
The performance of your outboard motor will
be critically affected by your choice of propel-
10
x
1
2 3
ZMU04606
1. Propeller diameter in inches
2. Propeller pitch in inches
3. Type of propeller (propeller mark)
General information
x
1
2 3
ZMU04607
1. Propeller diameter in inches
2. Propeller pitch in inches
3. Type of propeller (propeller mark)
NOTE:
Select a propeller which will allow the engine
to reach the middle or upper half of the operating range at full throttle with the maximum
boat load. If operating conditions such as
light boat loads then allow the engine r/min to
rise above the maximum recommended
range, reduce the throttle setting to maintain
the engine in the proper operating range.
For instructions on propeller removal and installation, see page 66.
EMU25770
Start-in-gear protection
Yamaha outboard motors or Yamaha-approved remote control units are equipped
with start-in-gear protection device(s). This
feature permits the engine to be started only
when it is in neutral. Always select neutral
before starting the engine.
11
Basic components
EMU25799
Main components
NOTE:
* May not be exactly as shown; also may not be included as standard equipment on all models.
F50, T50, F60, T60
13
1
2
14
3
12
11
15
16
17
YAMAHA
4
SPEED
Km/h
knot
mph
km
mile
TRIP
set
10
5
9
TIME
18
19
BATT
mode
20
6
7
8
ZMU05090
1. Top cowling
2. Water separator
3. Top cowling lock lever
4. Drain screw
5. Anode
6. Anti-cavitation plate
7. Trim tab (anode)
8. Propeller
9. Cooling water inlet
10. Anode(s)
11. Clamp bracket
12. Tilt support lever
13. Tiller handle*
14. Flushing device
12
15. Remote control box (side mount type)*
16. Digital tachometer*
17. Digital speedometer*
18. Tachometer*
19. Trim meter*
20. Fuel tank*
Basic components
1
2
3
4
5
6
ZMU05429
1. Tachometer unit (Square type)*
2. Tachometer unit (Round type)*
3. Speedometer unit (Square type)*
4. Speed & fuel meter unit (Square type)*
5. Speed & fuel meter unit (Round type)*
6. Fuel management meter (Square type)*
2
1
EMU25802
4
Fuel tank
3
If your model was equipped with a portable
fuel tank, its function is as follows.
EWM00020
WARNING
The fuel tank supplied with this engine is
its dedicated fuel reservoir and must not
be used as a fuel storage container. Commercial users should conform to relevant
licensing or approval authority regulations.
ZMU02284
1. Fuel joint
2. Fuel gauge
3. Fuel tank cap
4. Air vent screw
EMU25830
Fuel joint
This joint is used to connect the fuel line.
13
Basic components
EMU25841
Fuel gauge
This gauge is located on either the fuel tank
cap or on the fuel joint base. It shows the approximate amount of fuel remaining in the
tank.
engine will continue to run at idle until the lever is moved about 35° (a detent can be felt).
Moving the lever farther opens the throttle,
and the engine will begin to accelerate.
EMU25850
Fuel tank cap
This cap seals the fuel tank. When removed,
the tank can be filled with fuel. To remove the
cap, turn it counterclockwise.
EMU25860
Air vent screw
This screw is on the fuel tank cap. To loosen
the screw, turn it counterclockwise.
EMU26180
Remote control
The remote control lever actuates both the
shifter and the throttle. The electrical switches are mounted on the remote control box.
1. Neutral “ ”
2. Forward “ ”
3. Reverse “ ”
4. Shift
5. Fully closed
6. Throttle
7. Fully open
EMU26201
Neutral interlock trigger
To shift out of neutral, first pull the neutral interlock trigger up.
1. Power trim and tilt switch
2. Remote control lever
3. Neutral interlock trigger
4. Neutral throttle lever
5. Main switch / choke switch
6. Engine stop lanyard switch
7. Throttle friction adjuster
1. Neutral interlock trigger
EMU26190
Remote control lever
EMU26211
Moving the lever forward from the neutral position engages forward gear. Pulling the lever back from neutral engages reverse. The
To open the throttle without shifting into either forward or reverse, put the remote con-
14
Neutral throttle lever
Basic components
trol lever in the neutral position and lift the
neutral throttle lever.
the boat moves astern.
NOTE:
The neutral throttle lever will operate only
when the remote control lever is in neutral.
The remote control lever will operate only
when the neutral throttle lever is in the closed
position.
1. Forward “ ”
2. Neutral “ ”
3. Reverse “ ”
EMU25941
Throttle grip
1. Fully open
2. Fully closed
The throttle grip is on the tiller handle. Turn
the grip counterclockwise to increase speed
and clockwise to decrease speed.
EMU25911
Tiller handle
To change direction, move the tiller handle to
the left or right as necessary.
EMU25961
Throttle indicator
EMU25922
Gear shift lever
The fuel consumption curve on the throttle
indicator shows the relative amount of fuel
consumed for each throttle position. Choose
the setting that offers the best performance
and fuel economy for the desired operation.
Pulling the gear shift lever towards you puts
the engine in forward gear so that the boat
moves ahead. Pushing the lever away from
you puts the engine in reverse gear so that
15
Basic components
1. Throttle indicator
EMU25971
Throttle friction adjuster
A friction device provides adjustable resistance to movement of the throttle grip or the
remote control lever, and can be set according to operator preference.
To increase resistance, turn the adjuster
clockwise. To decrease resistance, turn the
adjuster counterclockwise.
EWM00031
WARNING
Do not overtighten the friction adjuster. If
there is too much resistance, it could be
difficult to move the remote control lever
or throttle grip, which could result in an
accident.
When constant speed is desired, tighten the
adjuster to maintain the desired throttle setting.
EMU25990
Engine stop lanyard switch
The lock plate must be attached to the engine stop switch for the engine to run. The
lanyard should be attached to a secure place
on the operator’s clothing, or arm or leg.
Should the operator fall overboard or leave
the helm, the lanyard will pull out the lock
plate, stopping ignition to the engine. This
will prevent the boat from running away under power.
EWM00120
WARNING
●
●
●
16
Attach the engine stop switch lanyard
to a secure place on your clothing, or
your arm or leg while operating.
Do not attach the lanyard to clothing
that could tear loose. Do not route the
lanyard where it could become entangled, preventing it from functioning.
Avoid accidentally pulling the lanyard
during normal operation. Loss of engine power means the loss of most
steering control. Also, without engine
power, the boat could slow rapidly. This
could cause people and objects in the
boat to be thrown forward.
Basic components
NOTE:
The engine cannot be started with the lock
plate removed.
EMU26090
Main switch
1. Lanyard
2. Lock plate
The main switch controls the ignition system;
its operation is described below.
” (off)
● “
With the main switch in the “
” (off) position, the electrical circuits are off, and the key
can be removed.
● “
” (on)
With the main switch in the “ ” (on) position, the electrical circuits are on, and the key
cannot be removed.
” (start)
● “
With the main switch in the “
” (start) position, the starter motor turns to start the engine. When the key is released, it returns
automatically to the “ ” (on) position.
1. Lanyard
2. Lock plate
EMU26001
Engine stop button
To open the ignition circuit and stop the engine, push this button.
17
Basic components
EMU31430
1. Nut
Steering friction adjuster
A friction device provides adjustable resistance to the steering mechanism, and can be
set according to operator preference. An adjuster lever is located on the bottom of the
tiller handle bracket.
To increase resistance, turn the lever to the
port side “A”.
To decrease resistance, turn the lever to the
starboard side “B”.
EWM00040
WARNING
Do not overtighten the friction adjuster. If
there is too much resistance, it could be
difficult to steer, which could result in an
accident.
B
Nut tightening torque:
3.7 Nm (2.7 ft-lb) (0.4 kgf-m)
NOTE:
●
●
Check the tiller handle for smooth movement when the lever is turned to the starboard side “B”.
Do not apply lubricants such as grease to
the friction areas of the steering friction adjuster.
EMU26141
Power trim and tilt switch on remote
control or tiller handle
The power trim and tilt system adjusts the
outboard motor angle in relation to the transom. Pressing the switch “ ” (up) trims the
outboard motor up, then tilts it up. Pressing
the switch “ ” (down) tilts the outboard motor down and trims it down. When the switch
is released, the outboard motor will stop in its
current position.
NOTE:
A
ZMU02810
If the resistance does not increase even
when the lever is turned to the port side “A”,
make sure that the nut is tightened to the
specified torque.
18
For instructions on using the power trim and
tilt switch, see pages 45 and 47.
Basic components
cle.
UP
DOWN
ZMU03592
NOTE:
For instructions on using the power trim and
tilt switch, see page 47.
EMU30900
Variable trolling RPM switches
EMU26151
Power trim and tilt switch on bottom
engine cowling
The power trim and tilt switch is located on
the side of the bottom engine cowling. Pressing the switch “ ” (up) trims the outboard
motor up, then tilts it up. Pressing the switch
“ ” (down) tilts the outboard motor down
and trims it down. When the switch is released, the outboard motor will stop in its
current position.
EWM01030
WARNING
The trolling speed can be adjusted when the
outboard motor is trolling. Press the “ ”
switch to increase the trolling speed and
press the “ ” switch to decrease the trolling
speed.
NOTE:
●
●
●
The trolling speed changes approximately
50 r/min each time a switch is pressed.
If the trolling speed has been adjusted, the
engine returns to the normal trolling speed
when the engine is stopped and restarted
or when the engine speed exceeds approximately 3000 r/min.
For instructions on using the variable trolling RPM switches, see page 44.
Use the power trim and tilt switch located
on the bottom engine cowling only when
the boat is at a complete stop with the engine off. Attempting to use this switch
while the boat is moving could increase
the risk of falling overboard and could
distract the operator, increasing the risk
of collision with another boat or an obsta-
19
Basic components
3
2
B
1
A
ZMU02525
1. Variable trolling RPM switch
EMU26241
Trim tab with anode
1. Trim tab
2. Bolt
3. Cap
The trim tab should be adjusted so that the
steering control can be turned to either the
right or left by applying the same amount of
force.
A
EWM00840
WARNING
An improperly adjusted trim tab could
cause difficult steering. Always test run
after the trim tab has been installed or replaced to be sure steering is correct. Be
sure you have tightened the bolt after adjusting the trim tab.
If the boat tends to veer the left (port side),
turn the trim tab rear end to the port side “A”
in the figure. If the boat tends to veer the right
(starboard side), turn the trim tab end to the
starboard side “B” in the figure.
ECM00840
CAUTION:
The trim tab also serves as an anode to
protect the engine from electrochemical
corrosion. Never paint the trim tab as it
will become ineffective as an anode.
20
1
2
B
ZMU03097
1. Trim tab
2. Bolt
3. Cap
EMU26340
Tilt support lever for power trim and
tilt or hydro tilt model
To keep the outboard motor in the tilted up
position, lock the tilt support lever to the
clamp bracket.
Basic components
1
ZMU03595
EMU26372
Top cowling lock lever(s) (turn type)
To remove the engine top cowling, turn the
lock lever(s) and lift off the cowling. When installing the cowling, check to be sure it fits
properly in the rubber seal. Then lock the
cowling again by returning the lever(s) to the
lock position.
ZMU05095
1. Flushing device
EMU31702
Water separator
This engine has a combination fuel filter/water separator and associated warning system. If water separated from the fuel
exceeds a specific volume, the warning device will activate.
1
ZMU05093
ZMU05474
1. Top cowling lock lever(s)
EMU26460
Flushing device
This device is used to clean the cooling water passages of the motor using a garden
hose and tap water.
NOTE:
For details on usage, see page 56.
Activation of warning device
The water separator warning indicator will
blink.
● The buzzer will sound intermittently only
when the gear shift is in neutral.
● If the warning system has activated, stop
the engine and consult a Yamaha dealer
immediately.
●
EMU26470
Tachometer
This gauge shows the engine speed and has
the following functions.
21
Basic components
NOTE:
1
The water separator and engine trouble
warning indicators only operate when the engine is equipped with the appropriate functions.
EMU26503
2
ZMU04578
Low oil pressure warning indicator
If oil pressure drops too low, this indicator will
flash. For further information, see page 33.
ECM00020
CAUTION:
1. Tachometer
2. Warning indicator(s)
●
EMU26491
Digital tachometer
The tachometer shows the engine speed
and has the following functions.
●
NOTE:
All segments of the display will light momentarily after the main switch is turned on and
will return to normal thereafter.
6
Do not continue to run the engine if the
low oil pressure warning indicator is on
and the engine oil level is lower. Serious engine damage will occur.
The low oil pressure warning indicator
does not indicate the engine oil level.
Use the oil dipstick to check the remaining oil quantity. For further information, see page 37.
7
1
2
3
5
8
4
9
ZMU04754
ZMU04185
EMU26522
1. Tachometer
2. Trim meter
3. Hour meter
4. Low oil pressure warning indicator
5. Overheat warning indicator
6. Water separator warning indicator
7. Engine trouble warning indicator
8. Set button
9. Mode button
22
Low oil pressure warning indicator
If oil pressure drops too low, the warning indicator will start to blink. For further information, see page 33.
ECM00020
CAUTION:
●
Do not continue to run the engine if the
low oil pressure warning indicator is on
and the engine oil level is lower. Seri-
Basic components
●
ous engine damage will occur.
The low oil pressure warning indicator
does not indicate the engine oil level.
Use the oil dipstick to check the remaining oil quantity. For further information, see page 37.
EMU26581
Overheat warning indicator (digital
type)
If the engine temperature rises too high, the
warning indicator will start to blink. For further information on reading the indicator, see
page 33.
ECM00050
CAUTION:
Do not continue to run the engine if the
overheat warning indicator is on. Serious
engine damage will occur.
1
ZMU01736
1. Low oil pressure warning indicator
1
EMU26572
Overheat warning indicator
If the engine temperature rises too high, this
indicator will flash. For further information on
reading the indicator, see page 33.
ZMU01737
1. Overheat warning indicator
ECM00050
CAUTION:
EMU26600
Do not continue to run the engine if the
overheat warning indicator is on. Serious
engine damage will occur.
ZMU04715
Speedometer (digital type)
This gauge shows the boat speed.
1. Speedometer
2. Fuel gauge
3. Trip meter/clock/voltmeter
4. Warning indicator(s)
23
Basic components
NOTE:
After the main switch is first turned on, all
segments of the display come on as a test.
After a few seconds, the gauge will change
to normal operation. Watch the gauge when
turning on the main switch to make sure all
segments come on.
NOTE:
The speedometer displays km/h, mph, or
knots, according to operator preference. Select the desired unit of measurement by setting the selector switch on the back of the
gauge. See the illustration for settings.
ZMU04581
NOTE:
Memorize the trim angles that work best for
your boat under different conditions. Adjust
the trim angle to the desired setting with the
power trim and tilt switch.
EMU26620
Trim meter (digital type)
This meter shows the trim angle of your outboard motor.
NOTE:
●
1. Cap
2. Selector switch (for speed unit)
3. Selector switch (for fuel sensor)
●
Memorize the trim angles that work best
for your boat under different conditions.
Adjust the trim angle to the desired using
the power trim and tilt switch.
If the trim angle of your motor exceeds the
trim operating range, the top segment on
the trim meter display will blink.
EMU26610
Trim meter
This gauge shows the trim angle of your outboard motor.
ZMU01740
EMU26650
Hour meter (digital type)
This meter shows the number of hours the
24
Basic components
engine has been run. It can be set to show
the total number of hours or the number of
hours for the current trip. The display can
also be turned on and off.
NOTE:
●
ZMU01741
●
●
●
●
●
Changing the display format
Pressing the “
” (mode) button changes the display format in the following pattern:
Total hours→Trip hours→Display off
Resetting the trip hours
Simultaneously pressing the “ ” (set)
and “
” (mode) buttons for more than
1 second while the trip hours are displayed
resets the trip counter to 0 (zero).
NOTE:
The total number of hours the engine has
been run cannot be reset.
EMU26690
Trip meter
This gauge displays the distance the boat
has traveled since the gauge was last reset.
Press the “
” (mode) button repeatedly
until the indicator on the face of the gauge
points to “
” (trip). To reset the trip meter
to zero, press the “ ” (set) and “
”
(mode) buttons at the same time.
●
The trip distance is shown in kilometers or
miles depending upon the unit of measurement selected for the speedometer.
The trip distance is kept in memory by battery power. The stored data will be lost if
the battery is disconnected.
EMU26700
Clock
Press the “
” (mode) button repeatedly
until the indicator on the face of the gauge
points to “
” (time). To set the clock, be
sure the gauge is in the “
” (time) mode.
Press the “ ” (set) button; the hour display
will begin blinking. Press the “
” (mode)
button until the desired hour is displayed.
Press the “ ” (set) button again, the minute
display will begin blinking. Press the “
”
(mode) button until the desired minute is displayed. Press the “ ” (set) button again to
start the clock.
25
Basic components
NOTE:
blink.
The clock operates on battery power. Disconnecting the battery will stop the clock.
Reset the clock after connecting the battery.
ECM00880
EMU26710
Fuel gauge
The fuel level is indicated by eight segments.
When all segments are showing, the fuel
tank is full.
CAUTION:
Do not continue to operate the engine
with full throttle if a warning device has
activated. Get back to the port within trolling engine speed.
ECM00860
CAUTION:
The Yamaha fuel tank sensor differs from
conventional sensors. Incorrectly setting
the selector switch on the gauge will give
false readings. Consult your Yamaha
dealer on how to correctly set the selector switch.
1. Fuel level warning segment
NOTE:
The fuel level reading can be affected by the
position of the sensor in the fuel tank and the
attitude of the boat in the water. Operation
with bow-up trim or continuous turning can
give false readings.
EMU26730
Low battery voltage warning
indicator
If battery voltage drops, the display will automatically turn on and begin to blink.
ECM00870
CAUTION:
Get back to the port soon if a warning device has activated. For charging the battery, consult your Yamaha dealer.
ZMU01745
EMU26720
Fuel warning indicator
If the fuel level decreases to one segment,
the fuel level warning segment will begin to
1. Low battery indicator
26
Basic components
EMU31640
Command link multifunction meters
Command link multifunction meters have 6
kinds of meter units; tachometer unit (square
or round types), speedometer unit (square
type), speed & fuel meter unit (square or
round types), and fuel management meter
(square type). The indicator system is slightly different between the round and square
types. Check the model and type of your unit
carefully. This manual describes mainly the
warning indicators. For more details on setting meters or changing indicator systems,
see the attached operation manual.
EMU31680
Tachometer unit
The tachometer shows the engine revolutions per minute. It has functions of trim
meter, adjusting trolling speed, cooling water/engine temperature display, battery voltage display, total hour/trip hour display, oil
pressure display, water detection warning,
engine trouble warning, and periodic maintenance notification. If optional sensors are
connected to the unit, cooling water pressure
display will be available. For the optional
sensor, consult your Yamaha dealer. The tachometer unit is available in round or square
types. Check your tachometer unit type.
1
5
4
2
7
3
6
8
ZMU05416
1. Tachometer
2. Trim meter
3. Multifunction display
4. Cooling water pressure
5. Cooling water/engine temperature
6. Water detection warning indicator
7. Battery voltage
8. Oil pressure (4-stroke models)
1
2
ZMU05417
1. Set button
2. Mode button
1
2
ZMU05415
1. Set button
2. Mode button
27
Basic components
1
start to blink, and the engine speed will automatically decrease to about 2000 r/min.
4 5 2
3
6
7
8 9
ZMU05418
1. Tachometer
2. Trim meter
3. Multifunction display
4. Water detection warning indicator
5. Engine trouble warning/maintenance indicator
6. Cooling water pressure
7. Oil pressure (4-stroke models)
8. Cooling water/engine temperature
9. Battery voltage
ZMU05430
NOTE:
ZMU05431
The tachometer unit shows various kinds of
information according to the setting made
using the “ ” (set) and “
” (mode) buttons. For details, see the attached operation
manual.
Preoperation checks
Place the gear shift lever in neutral and turn
the main switch to “ ” (on). After all the displays come on and the total hour display
comes on, the gauge will change to normal
operation. If the buzzer sounds and the water separator warning indicator blinks, consult your Yamaha dealer immediately.
NOTE:
To stop the buzzer, press the “
“
” (mode) button.
” (set) or
Low oil pressure warning
When the engine oil pressure drops too low,
the low oil pressure warning indicator will
28
Stop the engine immediately if the buzzer
sounds and the low oil pressure warning indicator blinks. Check the engine oil quantity
and replenish oil if necessary. If the warning
device has activated while the appropriate
engine oil quantity is maintained, consult
your Yamaha dealer.
ECM01600
CAUTION:
Do not continue to run the engine if the
low oil pressure warning device has activated. Serious engine damage will occur.
Overheat warning
If the engine temperature rises too high while
cruising, the overheat warning indicator will
start to blink. The engine speed will automatically decrease to about 2000 r/min.
Basic components
Yamaha dealer immediately.
ZMU05421
ZMU05423
ZMU05422
ZMU05424
Stop the engine immediately if the buzzer
sounds and the overheat warning device has
activated. Check the cooling water inlet for
clogging.
ECM01590
CAUTION:
●
●
Do not continue to run the engine if the
overheat warning indicator blinks. Serious engine damage will occur.
Do not continue to operate the engine if
a warning device has activated. Consult your Yamaha dealer if the problem
cannot be located and corrected.
Water separator warning
This indicator will blink when water has accumulated in the water separator (fuel filter)
while cruising. In such an event, stop the engine immediately and see page 76 of this
manual to drain the water from the fuel filter.
Get back to the port soon and consult a
ECM00910
CAUTION:
Gasoline mixed with water could cause
damage to the engine.
Engine trouble warning
This indicator will blink when the engine malfunctions while cruising. Get back to the port
soon and consult a Yamaha dealer immediately.
ZMU05425
29
Basic components
ZMU05426
ECM00920
ZMU05428
EMU31610
CAUTION:
Speed & fuel meter unit
In such an event, the engine will not operate properly. Consult a Yamaha dealer
immediately.
This unit shows the boat speed and has the
functions of fuel meter, total fuel consumption display, fuel economy display, fuel flow
display, and system voltage display. If optional sensors are connected to the unit, trip
display, water surface temperature display,
depth display, and clock will be available. For
the optional sensor, consult your Yamaha
dealer. The speed & fuel meter unit is available in round or square types. Check your
speed & fuel meter unit type.
Low battery voltage warning
When the battery voltage drops, the low battery voltage warning indicator and the battery voltage value will start to blink. Get back
to the port soon if the low battery voltage
warning device has activated. For charging
the battery, consult your Yamaha dealer.
1
ZMU05427
ZMU05432
1. Set button
2. Mode button
30
2
Basic components
NOTE:
1
After the main switch is first turned on, all the
displays come on as a test. After a few seconds, the gauge will change to normal operation.
3
2
ZMU05433
1. Speedometer
2. Fuel meter
3. Multifunction display
NOTE:
The speed & fuel meter unit shows various
kinds of information according to the setting
made with the “ ” (set) and “
” (mode)
buttons. For details, see the attached operation manual.
EMU31620
Speedometer unit
This unit shows the boat speed and has
functions of fuel meter and system voltage
display. If optional sensors are connected to
the unit, trip display, water surface temperature display, depth display, and clock will be
available. For the optional sensor, consult
your Yamaha dealer.
1
2
ZMU05434
1. Set button
2. Mode button
1
2
1
2
ZMU05436
1. Set button
2. Mode button
3
ZMU05435
1. Speedometer
2. Fuel meter
3. Multifunction display
31
Basic components
1
3
2
2
1
ZMU05437
1. Speedometer
2. Fuel meter
3. Multifunction display
ZMU05438
1. Set button
2. Mode button
1
NOTE:
After the main switch is first turned on, all the
displays come on as a test. After a few seconds, the gauge will change to normal operation.
2
NOTE:
The speedometer unit shows various kinds
of information according to the setting made
using the “ ” (set) and “
” (mode) buttons. In addition, the speedometer can show
the desired unit of measurement such as km/
h, mph, or knots. For details, see the attached operation manual.
EMU31630
Fuel management meter
This meter has functions of fuel flow meter,
total consumption display, fuel economy display, and remaining fuel display.
ZMU05439
1. Fuel flow meter
2. Multifunction display
NOTE:
After the main switch is first turned on, all the
displays come on as a test. After a few seconds, the gauge will change to normal operation.
NOTE:
The fuel management meter shows various
kinds of information when the operator uses
the “ ” (set) and “
” (mode) buttons.
For details, see the attached operation manual.
32
Basic components
EMU26801
Warning system
ECM00090
CAUTION:
Do not continue to operate the engine if a
warning device has activated. Consult
your Yamaha dealer if the problem cannot be located and corrected.
EMU26816
Overheat warning
This engine has an overheat warning device.
If the engine temperature rises too high, the
warning device will activate.
Activation of warning device
● The engine speed will automatically decrease to about 2000 r/min.
If the warning system has activated, stop the
engine and check the cooling water inlet for
clogging.
ZMU03604
EMU30167
ZMU04746
●
If equipped with an overheat warning indicator, it will light or blink.
Low oil pressure warning
If the oil pressure drops too low, the warning
device will activate.
Activation of warning device
● The engine speed will automatically decrease to about 2000 r/min.
ZMU01757
●
The buzzer will sound (if equipped on the
tiller handle, remote control box, or main
switch panel).
ZMU04587
●
If equipped with a low oil pressure warning
33
Basic components
indicator, it will light or blink.
ZMU03609
●
The buzzer will sound (if equipped on the
tiller handle, remote control box, or main
switch panel).
If the warning system has activated, stop the
engine as soon as it is safe to do so. Check
the oil level and add oil as needed. If the oil
level is correct and the warning device does
not switch off, consult your Yamaha dealer.
ECM00100
CAUTION:
Do not continue to run the engine if the
low oil pressure warning indicator is on.
Serious engine damage could occur.
34
Operation
EMU26901
Installation
ECM00110
CAUTION:
Incorrect engine height or obstructions
to smooth water flow (such as the design
or condition of the boat, or accessories
such as transom ladders or depth finder
transducers) can create airborne water
spray while the boat is cruising. Severe
engine damage may result if the motor is
operated continuously in the presence of
airborne water spray.
NOTE:
During water testing check the buoyancy of
the boat, at rest, with its maximum load.
Check that the static water level on the exhaust housing is low enough to prevent water entry into the powerhead, when water
rises due to waves when the outboard is not
running.
EMU26910
Mounting the outboard motor
specific boat and motor combination.
EWM00830
WARNING
Improper mounting of the outboard motor could result in hazardous conditions
such as poor handling, loss of control, or
fire hazards. Observe the following:
● For permanently mounted models, your
dealer or other person experienced in
proper rigging should mount the motor.
If you are mounting the motor yourself,
you should be trained by an experienced person.
● For portable models, your dealer or other person experienced in proper outboard motor mounting should show
you how to mount your motor.
Mount the outboard motor on the center line
(keel line) of the boat, and ensure that the
boat itself is well balanced. Otherwise the
boat will be hard to steer. For boats without
a keel or which are asymmetrical, consult
your dealer.
EWM00820
WARNING
●
●
Overpowering a boat could cause severe instability. Do not install an outboard motor with more horsepower
than the maximum rating on the capacity plate of the boat. If the boat does not
have a capacity plate, consult the boat
manufacturer.
The information presented in this section is intended as reference only. It is
not possible to provide complete instructions for every possible boat and
motor combination. Proper mounting
depends in part on experience and the
1
ZMU01760
1. Center line (keel line)
EMU26930
Mounting height (boat bottom)
To run your boat at optimum efficiency, the
water resistance (drag) of the boat and outboard motor must be made as little as possible. The mounting height of the outboard
35
Operation
motor greatly affects the water resistance. If
the mounting height is too high, cavitation
tends to occur, thus reducing the propulsion;
and if the propeller tips cut the air, the engine
speed will rise abnormally and cause the engine to overheat. If the mounting height is too
low, the water resistance will increase and
thereby reduce engine efficiency. Mount the
outboard motor so that the anti-cavitation
plate is in alignment with the bottom of the
boat.
ZMU01762
NOTE:
●
●
The optimum mounting height of the outboard motor is affected by the boat/motor
combination and the desired use. Test
runs at different heights can help determine the optimum mounting height. Consult your Yamaha dealer or boat
manufacturer for further information on determining the proper mounting height.
For instructions on setting the trim angle of
the outboard motor, see page 45.
life.
ECM00800
CAUTION:
Failure to follow the break-in procedure
could result in reduced engine life or
even severe engine damage.
EMU27081
Procedure for 4-stroke models
Run the engine under load (in gear with a
propeller installed) for 10 hours as follows.
1. First hour:
Run the engine at 2000 r/min or at approximately half throttle.
2. Second hour:
Run the engine at 3000 r/min or at approximately three-quarter throttle.
3. Remaining eight hours:
Run the engine at any speed. However,
avoid operating at full throttle for more
than 5 minutes at a time.
4. After the first 10 hours:
Operate the engine normally.
EMU27103
Preoperation checks
EWM00080
WARNING
If any item in the preoperation check is
not working properly, have it inspected
and repaired before operating the outboard motor. Otherwise an accident
could occur.
ECM00120
CAUTION:
EMU30173
Breaking in engine
Your new engine requires a period of breakin to allow mating surfaces of moving parts to
wear in evenly. Correct break-in will help ensure proper performance and longer engine
Do not start the engine out of water. Overheating and serious engine damage can
occur.
EMU31550
Fuel
●
●
36
Check to be sure you have plenty of fuel
for your trip.
Make sure there are no fuel leaks or gaso-
Operation
●
●
●
line fumes.
Check fuel line connections to be sure they
are tight (if equipped Yamaha fuel tank or
boat tank).
Be sure the fuel tank is positioned on a secure, flat surface, and that the fuel line is
not twisted or flattened, or likely to contact
sharp objects (if equipped Yamaha fuel
tank or boat tank).
Check the water in the fuel filter with the
water separator warning device. Place the
gear shift lever in neutral and turn the main
switch to “ ”(on). If the buzzer sounds
and the water separator warning indicator
blinks, consult your Yamaha dealer immediately.
and lower marks. Fill with oil if it is below
the lower mark, or drain to the specified
level if it is above the upper mark.
1
ZMU05089
1. Oil dipstick
EMU27130
Controls
●
●
●
●
Check throttle, shift, and steering for proper operation before starting the engine.
The controls should work smoothly, without binding or unusual free play.
Look for loose or damaged connections.
Check operation of the starter and stop
switches when the outboard motor is in the
water.
EMU27150
Engine
●
●
●
●
Check the engine and engine mounting.
Look for loose or damaged fasteners.
Check the propeller for damage.
Check that the battery is in good condition
and the battery connections are secure.
EMU27163
Checking the engine oil level
1.
2.
3.
4.
Put the outboard motor in an upright position (not tilted).
Remove oil dipstick and wipe it clean.
Completely insert the dipstick and remove it again.
Check the oil level using the dipstick to
be sure the level falls between the upper
1
3
2
ZMU05091
1. Lower level mark
2. Oil dipstick
3. Upper level mark
NOTE:
Be sure to completely insert the dipstick into
the dipstick guide.
EMU27433
Filling fuel
EWM00060
WARNING
Gasoline and its vapors are highly flammable and explosive. Keep away from
sparks, cigarettes, flames, or other
sources of ignition.
37
Operation
1.
2.
3.
Remove the fuel tank cap.
Carefully fill the fuel tank.
Securely close the cap after filling the
tank. Wipe up any spilled fuel.
Fuel tank capacity:
24 L (6.34 US gal) (5.28 Imp.gal)
tive has repeatedly proven its ability to clean
combustion deposits from inside the engine,
notably the critical piston-ring-land area, and
fuel system components. Follow product labeling for use instructions.
EMU27450
Operating engine
EMU27461
Feeding fuel (portable tank)
EWM00420
WARNING
●
ZMU02834
●
EMU27270
Ring Free Fuel Additive
Gasoline is a precise blend of many different
substances, each chosen to give certain
characteristics. Gasoline blends have been
changing in recent years in response to concerns about pollution and resulting emissions regulations. One of the most obvious
changes has been the elimination of lead
from most fuels.
As gasoline has changed, the amount of additives such as aromatics and oxygenates
has increased. These additives are important for the engines in passenger cars, but
they can have detrimental effects in marine
engines, because of increased deposits in
the combustion chamber. When enough deposits collect, piston rings begin sticking.
Performance drops and engine wear increases dramatically.
While many additives available may reduce
deposits, Yamaha recommends the use of
Ring Free Fuel Additive, available from
your Yamaha dealer. Ring Free Fuel Addi-
38
●
1.
Before starting the engine, make sure
that the boat is tightly moored and that
you can steer clear of any obstructions.
Be sure there are no swimmers in the
water near you.
When the air vent screw is loosened,
gasoline vapor will be released. Gasoline is highly flammable, and its vapors
are flammable and explosive. Refrain
from smoking, and keep away from
open flames and sparks while loosening the air vent screw.
This product emits exhaust gases
which contain carbon monoxide, a colorless, odorless gas which could cause
brain damage or death when inhaled.
Symptoms include nausea, dizziness,
and drowsiness. Keep cockpit and cabin areas well ventilated. Avoid blocking
exhaust outlets.
If there is an air vent screw on the fuel
tank cap, loosen it 2 or 3 turns.
Operation
from the fuel tank.
4.
Squeeze the primer pump with the outlet
end up until you feel it become firm.
ZMU02295
2.
If there is a fuel joint on the motor, firmly
connect the fuel line to the joint. Then
firmly connect the other end of the fuel
line to the joint on the fuel tank.
ZMU02025
EMU27490
Starting engine
EMU27592
Electric start / prime start models
1. Place the gear shift lever in neutral.
ZMU03679
NOTE:
The start-in-gear protection device prevents
the engine from starting except when in neutral.
ZMU02024
3.
2.
If a steering friction adjuster is provided
on your outboard motor, securely attach
the fuel line to the fuel line clamp.
NOTE:
During engine operation place the tank horizontally, otherwise fuel cannot be drawn
Attach the engine stop switch lanyard to
a secure place on your clothing, or your
arm or leg. Then install the lock plate on
the other end of the lanyard into the engine stop switch.
EWM00120
WARNING
●
Attach the engine stop switch lanyard
39
Operation
●
●
to a secure place on your clothing, or
your arm or leg while operating.
Do not attach the lanyard to clothing
that could tear loose. Do not route the
lanyard where it could become entangled, preventing it from functioning.
Avoid accidentally pulling the lanyard
during normal operation. Loss of engine power means the loss of most
steering control. Also, without engine
power, the boat could slow rapidly. This
could cause people and objects in the
boat to be thrown forward.
5.
Immediately after the engine starts, release the main switch and allow it to return to “ ” (on).
ECM00191
CAUTION:
●
●
3.
Place the throttle grip in the “
”
(start) position. After the engine starts,
return the throttle to the fully closed position.
Never turn the main switch to “
”
(start) while the engine is running.
Do not keep the starter motor turning
for more than 5 seconds. If the starter
motor is turned continuously for more
than 5 seconds, the battery will be
quickly discharged, thus making it impossible to start the engine. The starter
can also be damaged. If the engine will
not start after 5 seconds of cranking,
return the main switch to “ ” (on), wait
10 seconds, then crank the engine
again.
NOTE:
●
●
When the engine is cold, it needs to be
warmed up. For further information, see
page 42.
If the engine is warm and fails to start,
open the throttle slightly and try to start the
engine again. If the engine still fails to
start, see page 73.
EMU27662
4.
40
Turn the main switch to “
” (start),
and hold it for a maximum of 5 seconds.
Electric start and remote control models
1. Place the remote control lever in neutral.
Operation
NOTE:
The start-in-gear protection device prevents
the engine from starting except when in neutral.
2.
3.
4.
Turn the main switch to “ ” (on).
Turn the main switch to “
” (start),
and hold it for a maximum of 5 seconds.
5.
Immediately after the engine starts, release the main switch and allow it to return to “ ” (on).
Attach the engine stop switch lanyard to
a secure place on your clothing, or your
arm or leg. Then install the lock plate on
the other end of the lanyard into the engine stop switch.
EWM00120
WARNING
●
●
●
Attach the engine stop switch lanyard
to a secure place on your clothing, or
your arm or leg while operating.
Do not attach the lanyard to clothing
that could tear loose. Do not route the
lanyard where it could become entangled, preventing it from functioning.
Avoid accidentally pulling the lanyard
during normal operation. Loss of engine power means the loss of most
steering control. Also, without engine
power, the boat could slow rapidly. This
could cause people and objects in the
boat to be thrown forward.
ECM00191
CAUTION:
●
●
Never turn the main switch to “
”
(start) while the engine is running.
Do not keep the starter motor turning
for more than 5 seconds. If the starter
motor is turned continuously for more
than 5 seconds, the battery will be
quickly discharged, thus making it impossible to start the engine. The starter
can also be damaged. If the engine will
not start after 5 seconds of cranking,
return the main switch to “ ” (on), wait
10 seconds, then crank the engine
41
Operation
again.
NOTE:
●
●
When the engine is cold, it needs to be
warmed up. For further information, see
page 42.
If the engine is warm and fails to start,
open the throttle slightly and try to start the
engine again. If the engine still fails to
start, see page 73.
cooling water pilot hole is blocked.
Consult your Yamaha dealer if the problem cannot be located and corrected.
EMU27670
Warming up engine
EMU27710
Manual start and electric start
models
1.
After starting the engine, allow it to idle
for 3 minutes to warm up. Failure to do
so will shorten engine life.
Be sure the low oil pressure warning indicator goes off after starting the engine.
Check for a steady flow of water from the
cooling water pilot hole.
2.
3.
ECM00210
CAUTION:
●
●
If the low oil pressure warning indicator
does not go off after the engine starts,
stop the engine. Otherwise serious engine damage could occur. Check the oil
level and add oil if necessary. Consult
your Yamaha dealer if the cause for the
low oil pressure warning indicator cannot be found.
A continuous flow of water from the pilot hole shows that the water pump is
pumping water through the cooling
passages. If water is not flowing out of
the pilot hole at all times while the engine is running, overheating and serious damage could occur. Stop the
engine and check whether the cooling
water inlet on the lower case or the
42
ZMU05092
EMU27740
Shifting
EWM00180
WARNING
Before shifting, make sure there are no
swimmers or obstacles in the water near
you.
ECM00220
CAUTION:
To change the boat direction or shifting
position from forward to reverse or viceversa, first close the throttle so that the
engine idles (or runs at low speeds).
EMU27764
Forward (tiller handle and remote
control models)
Tiller handle models
1. Place the throttle grip in the fully closed
position.
Operation
EMU27785
Reverse (automatic reverse lock and
power trim and tilt models)
EWM00190
WARNING
When operating in reverse, go slowly. Do
not open the throttle more than half. Otherwise the boat could become unstable,
which could result in loss of control and
an accident.
2.
Move the gear shift lever quickly and
firmly from neutral to forward.
Remote control models
1. Pull up the neutral interlock trigger (if
equipped) and move the remote control
lever quickly and firmly from neutral to
forward.
Tiller handle models
1. Place the throttle grip in the fully closed
position.
2.
Move the gear shift lever quickly and
firmly from neutral to reverse.
Remote control models
1. Pull up the neutral interlock trigger (if
equipped) and move the remote control
lever quickly and firmly from neutral to
reverse.
43
Operation
or when the engine speed exceeds approximately 3000 r/min.
EMU27820
Stopping engine
Before stopping the engine, first let it cool off
for a few minutes at idle or low speed. Stopping the engine immediately after operating
at high speed is not recommended.
EMU27844
Procedure
EMU30880
Trolling
1.
Push and hold the engine stop button or
turn the main switch to “
” (off).
2.
After stopping the engine, disconnect
the fuel line if there is a fuel joint on the
outboard motor.
EMU30890
Adjusting trolling speed
The trolling speed on outboard motors
equipped with the variable trolling RPM
switches can be adjusted approximately 50
r/min with each press of a switch.
1. “
” switch
2. “
” switch
To increase the trolling speed, press the “ ”
switch.
To decrease the trolling speed, press the
“ ” switch.
NOTE:
●
●
The trolling speed changes approximately
50 r/min each time a switch is pressed.
If the trolling speed has been adjusted, the
engine returns to the normal trolling speed
when the engine is stopped and restarted
44
Operation
the boat, sea conditions, and running speed.
EWM00740
WARNING
ZMU03632
3.
Tighten the air vent screw on the fuel
tank cap (if equipped).
Excessive trim for the operating conditions (either trim up or trim down) can
cause boat instability and can make
steering the boat more difficult. This increases the possibility of an accident. If
the boat begins to feel unstable or is hard
to steer, slow down and/or readjust the
trim angle.
ZMU02301
4.
Remove the key if the boat will be left
unattended.
NOTE:
The engine can also be stopped by pulling
the lanyard and removing the lock plate from
the engine stop switch, then turning the main
switch to “
” (off).
1
ZMU03633
EMU27861
Trimming outboard motor
The trim angle of the outboard motor helps
determine the position of the bow of the boat
in the water. Correct trim angle will help improve performance and fuel economy while
reducing strain on the engine. Correct trim
angle depends upon the combination of
boat, engine, and propeller. Correct trim is
also affected by variables such as the load in
1. Trim operating angle
EMU27882
Adjusting trim angle
Power trim and tilt models
EWM00751
WARNING
●
Be sure all people are clear of the outboard motor when adjusting the tilt angle, also be careful not to pinch any
body parts between the drive unit and
45
Operation
●
●
clamp bracket.
Use caution when trying a trim position
for the first time. Increase speed gradually and watch for any signs of instability or control problems. Improper trim
angle can cause loss of control.
If equipped with a power trim and tilt
switch located on the bottom cowling,
use the switch only when the boat is at
a complete stop with the engine off. Do
not adjust the trim angle with this
switch while the boat is moving.
Adjust the outboard motor trim angle using
the power trim and tilt switch.
1. Power trim and tilt switch
To raise the bow (trim-out), press the switch
“ ” (up).
To lower the bow (trim-in), press the switch
“ ” (down).
Make test runs with the trim set to different
angles to find the position that works best for
your boat and operating conditions.
EMU27911
Adjusting boat trim
1. Power trim and tilt switch
UP
1
DN
ZMU03634
1. Power trim and tilt switch
46
When the boat is on plane, a bow-up attitude
results in less drag, greater stability and efficiency. This is generally when the keel line of
the boat is up about 3 to 5 degrees. With the
bow up, the boat may have a greater tendency to steer to one side or the other. Compensate for this as you steer. The trim tab can
also be adjusted to help offset this effect.
When the bow of the boat is down, it is easier
to accelerate from a standing start onto
plane.
Operation
Bow Up
Too much trim-out puts the bow of the boat
too high in the water. Performance and economy are decreased because the hull of the
boat is pushing the water and there is more
air drag. Excessive trim-out can also cause
the propeller to ventilate, which reduces performance further, and the boat may “porpoise” (hop in the water), which could throw
the operator and passengers overboard.
NOTE:
Depending on the type of boat, the outboard
motor trim angle may have little effect on the
trim of the boat when operating.
EMU27933
Tilting up and down
If the engine will be stopped for some time or
if the boat is moored in shallows, the outboard motor should be tilted up to protect the
propeller and casing from damage by collision with obstructions, and also to reduce
salt corrosion.
EWM00220
WARNING
Be sure all people are clear of the outboard motor when tilting up and down,
also be careful not to pinch any body
parts between the drive unit and engine
bracket.
Bow Down
Too much trim-in causes the boat to “plow”
through the water, decreasing fuel economy
and making it hard to increase speed. Operating with excessive trim-in at higher speeds
also makes the boat unstable. Resistance at
the bow is greatly increased, heightening the
danger of “bow steering” and making operation difficult and dangerous.
EWM00250
WARNING
Leaking fuel is a fire hazard. If there is a
fuel joint on the outboard motor, disconnect the fuel line or close the fuel cock if
the engine will be tilted for more than a
few minutes. Otherwise fuel may leak.
ECM00241
CAUTION:
●
Before tilting the outboard motor, stop
the engine by following the procedure
47
Operation
●
on page 44. Never tilt the outboard motor while the engine is running. Severe
damage from overheating can result.
Do not tilt up the engine by pushing the
tiller handle (if equipped) because this
could break the handle.
EMU28007
Procedure for tilting up (power trim
and tilt models / power tilt models)
1.
Place the remote control lever / gear
shift lever in neutral.
N
ZMU03638
3.
Press the power trim and tilt switch /
power tilt switch “ ” (up) until the outboard motor has tilted up completely.
ZMU03196
UP
2.
48
Disconnect the fuel line from the outboard motor or close the fuel cock.
ZMU03639
Operation
from marine growth and corrosion which
could damage the power trim and tilt
mechanism.
EMU28055
Procedure for tilting down (power
trim and tilt models / power tilt
models)
1.
4.
Push the tilt support knob into the clamp
bracket or pull the tilt support lever toward you to support the engine.
2.
Push the power trim and tilt switch / power tilt switch “ ” (up) until the outboard
motor is supported by the tilt rod and the
tilt support lever / tilt support knob becomes free.
Release the tilt support lever or pull out
the tilt support knob.
ZMU03640
ZMU03644
EWM00260
WARNING
After tilting the outboard motor, be sure
to support it with the tilt support knob or
tilt support lever. Otherwise the outboard
motor could fall back down suddenly if oil
in the power trim and tilt unit loses pressure.
5.
Models equipped with trim rods: Once
the outboard motor is supported with the
tilt support lever, press the power trim
and tilt switch / power tilt switch “ ”
(down) to retract the trim rods.
3.
Push the power trim and tilt switch / power tilt switch “ ” (down) to lower the outboard motor to the desired position.
DN
UP
DN
ZMU01936
ECM00250
CAUTION:
Be sure to retract the trim rods completely during mooring. This protects the rods
49
Operation
ting up for and cruising in shallow water.
Otherwise severe damage from overheating can result.
EMU28185
Procedure for power trim and tilt / power
tilt models
1. Place the remote control lever / gear
shift lever in neutral.
DN
ZMU03645
EMU28060
Cruising in shallow water
The outboard motor can be tilted up partially
to allow operation in shallow water.
EMU28090
Power trim and tilt models / power tilt
models
The outboard motor can be tilted up partially
to allow operation in shallow water.
EWM00660
WARNING
●
●
Place the gear shift in neutral before
setting up for shallow water cruising.
Return the outboard motor to its normal
position as soon as the boat is back in
deeper water.
2.
Slightly tilt the outboard motor up to the
desired position using the power trim
and tilt switch / power tilt switch.
UP
UP
DN
ECM00260
CAUTION:
Do not tilt the outboard motor up so that
the cooling water inlet on the lower unit is
above the surface of the water when set-
50
ZMU01935
Operation
UP
ZMU03650
3.
To return the outboard motor to the normal running position, press the power
trim and tilt switch / power tilt switch and
slowly tilt the outboard motor down.
EMU28192
Cruising in other conditions
Cruising in salt water
After operating in salt water, flush the cooling
water passages with fresh water to prevent
them from becoming clogged with salt deposits.
NOTE:
For cooling system flushing instructions, see
page 53.
Cruising in turbid water
Yamaha strongly recommends that you use
the optional chromium-plated water pump kit
(not available for some models) if you use
the outboard motor in turbid or muddy water
conditions.
51
Maintenance
EMU31480
Specifications
NOTE:
“(AL)” stated in the specification data below
represents the numerical value for the aluminum propeller installed.
Likewise, “(SUS)” represents the value for
stainless steel propeller installed and “(PL)”
for plastic propeller installed.
EMU28218
Dimension:
Overall length:
706 mm (27.8 in)
Overall width:
384 mm (15.1 in)
Overall height L:
F50TR 1415 mm (55.7 in)
F60TR 1415 mm (55.7 in)
T50TR 1455 mm (57.3 in)
T60TR 1455 mm (57.3 in)
Transom height L:
F50TR 527 mm (20.7 in)
F60TR 527 mm (20.7 in)
T50TR 530 mm (20.9 in)
T60TR 530 mm (20.9 in)
Weight (without propeller) L:
F50TR 108.0 kg (238 lb)
F60TR 108.0 kg (238 lb)
T50TR 113.0 kg (249 lb)
T60TR 113.0 kg (249 lb)
Performance:
Full throttle operating range:
5000–6000 r/min
Maximum output:
F50TR 36.8 kW@5500 r/min
(50 HP@5500 r/min)
F60TR 44.1 kW@5500 r/min
(60 HP@5500 r/min)
T50TR 36.8 kW@5500 r/min
(50 HP@5500 r/min)
52
T60TR 44.1 kW@5500 r/min
(60 HP@5500 r/min)
Idling speed (in neutral):
750 ±50 r/min
Engine:
Type:
4-stroke L
Displacement:
996.0 cm3 (60.78 cu.in)
Bore × stroke:
65.0 × 75.0 mm (2.56 × 2.95 in)
Ignition system:
TCI
Spark plug with resistor (NGK):
DPR6EB-9
Spark plug gap:
0.8–0.9 mm (0.031–0.035 in)
Control system:
Remote control
Starting system:
Electric
Starting carburetion system:
Electronic fuel injection
Valve clearance (cold engine) IN:
0.15–0.25 mm (0.0059–0.0098 in)
Valve clearance (cold engine) EX:
0.25–0.35 mm (0.0098–0.0138 in)
Min. cold cranking amps (CCA/SAE):
380.0 A
Min. marine cranking amps (MCA/ABYC):
502.0 A
Min. reserve capacity (RC/SAE):
124 minutes
Alternator output for battery DC:
17.0 A
Drive unit:
Gear positions:
Forward-neutral-reverse
Gear ratio:
F50TR 1.85 (24/13)
F60TR 1.85 (24/13)
Maintenance
T50TR 2.33 (28/12)
T60TR 2.33 (28/12)
Trim and tilt system:
Power trim and tilt
Propeller mark:
F50TR G
F60TR G
T50TR K
T60TR K
Fuel and oil:
Recommended fuel:
Regular unleaded gasoline
Min. pump octane:
86
Fuel tank capacity:
24 L (6.34 US gal) (5.28 Imp.gal)
Recommended engine oil:
4-stroke outboard motor oil
Engine oil grade API:
API SE, SF, SG, SH, SJ, SL
Engine oil type SAE:
SAE10W30 or SAE10W40
Lubrication:
Wet sump
Engine oil quantity (excluding oil filter):
2.5 L (2.64 US qt) (2.20 Imp.qt)
Recommended gear oil:
Hypoid gear oil SAE#90
Gear oil quantity:
F50TR 430.0 cm3 (14.54 US oz)
(15.17 Imp.oz)
F60TR 430.0 cm3 (14.54 US oz)
(15.17 Imp.oz)
T50TR 670.0 cm3 (22.65 US oz)
(23.63 Imp.oz)
T60TR 670.0 cm3 (22.65 US oz)
(23.63 Imp.oz)
Tightening torque for engine:
Spark plug:
18.0 Nm (13.3 ft-lb) (1.84 kgf-m)
Propeller nut:
35.0 Nm (25.8 ft-lb) (3.57 kgf-m)
Engine oil drain bolt:
18.0 Nm (13.3 ft-lb) (1.84 kgf-m)
Engine oil filter:
18.0 Nm (13.3 ft-lb) (1.84 kgf-m)
EMU28222
Transporting and storing
outboard motor
EWM00690
WARNING
●
●
●
Leaking fuel is a fire hazard. When
transporting and storing the outboard
motor, close the air vent screw and fuel
cock to prevent fuel from leaking.
USE CARE when transporting fuel tank,
whether in a boat or car.
DO NOT fill fuel container to maximum
capacity. Gasoline will expand considerably as it warms up and can build up
pressure in the fuel container. This can
cause fuel leakage and a potential fire
hazard.
EWM00700
WARNING
Never get under the lower unit while it is
tilted, even if a motor support bar is used.
Severe injury could occur if the outboard
motor accidentally falls.
ECM00660
CAUTION:
Do not use the tilt support lever or knob
when trailering the boat. The outboard
motor could shake loose from the tilt support and fall. If the motor cannot be trailered in the normal running position, use
an additional support device to secure it
in the tilt position.
The outboard motor should be trailered and
stored in the normal running position. If there
is insufficient road clearance in this position,
53
Maintenance
then trailer the outboard motor in the tilt position using a motor support device such as
a transom saver bar. Consult your Yamaha
dealer for further details.
●
ble.
Store the outboard motor in a dry, wellventilated place, not in direct sunlight.
EMU28302
Procedure
EMU30001
ZMU03659
EMU28280
Storing outboard motor
When storing your Yamaha outboard motor
for prolonged periods of time (2 months or
longer), several important procedures must
be performed to prevent excessive damage.
It is advisable to have your outboard motor
serviced by an authorized Yamaha dealer
prior to storage. However, you, the owner,
with a minimum of tools, can perform the following procedures.
ECM01080
CAUTION:
●
●
To prevent problems which can be
caused by oil entering the cylinder from
the sump, keep the outboard motor in
the attitude shown when transporting
and storing it. If storing or transporting
the outboard motor on its side (not upright), put it on a cushion after draining
the engine oil.
Do not place the outboard motor on its
side before the cooling water has
drained from it completely, otherwise
water may enter the cylinder through
the exhaust port and cause engine trou-
54
Flushing with the flushing attachment
1. Wash the outboard motor body using
fresh water. For further information, see
page 57.
2. Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel and add
one ounce of “Yamaha Fuel Conditioner
and Stabilizer” (Part No. LUB-FUELC12-00) to each gallon of fuel.
NOTE:
The use of “Yamaha Fuel Conditioner and
Stabilizer” eliminates the need to drain the
fuel system. Consult your Yamaha dealer or
other qualified mechanic if the fuel system is
to be drained instead.
3.
4.
Remove the top cowling and propeller.
Install the flushing attachment over the
cooling water inlet.
ECM00300
CAUTION:
Do not run the engine without supplying
it with cooling water. Either the engine
water pump will be damaged or the engine will be damaged from overheating.
Before starting the engine, be sure to
supply water to the cooling water passages.
ECM00310
CAUTION:
Avoid running the outboard motor at high
speed while on the flushing attachment,
otherwise overheating could occur.
Maintenance
the fogging hole of the silencer cover, if
equipped. When properly done, the engine will smoke excessively and almost
stall.
8. Remove the flushing attachment and
wipe off any excess water.
9. Install the top cowling and propeller.
10. Drain the cooling water completely out
of the motor. Clean the body thoroughly.
NOTE:
1. Flushing attachment
5.
Cooling system flushing is essential to
prevent the cooling system from clogging up with salt, sand, or dirt. In addition, fogging/lubricating of the engine is
mandatory to prevent excessive engine
damage due to rust. Perform the flushing and fogging at the same time.
EWM00090
A flushing attachment is available from your
Yamaha dealer.
EMU28401
Lubrication
1.
2.
WARNING
●
●
Do not touch or remove electrical parts
when starting or during operation.
Keep hands, hair, and clothes away
from the flywheel and other rotating
parts while the engine is running.
NOTE:
●
●
6.
7.
When using the flushing attachment,
maintain adequate water pressure and a
steady water flow.
If the overheat warning device is activated,
turn the engine off, and consult your
Yamaha dealer.
Run the engine at a fast idle for a few
minutes in neutral position while supplying fresh water.
Just prior to turning off the engine, quickly spray “Yamaha Stor-Rite Engine
Fogging Oil” (Part No. LUB-STRRT-1200) alternately into the intake silencer or
3.
Grease the spark plug threads and install the spark plug(s) and torque to
proper specification. For information on
spark plug installation, see page 61.
Change the gear oil. For instructions,
see page 68. Inspect the oil for the presence of water that indicates a leaky seal.
Seal replacement should be performed
by an authorized Yamaha dealer prior to
use.
Grease all grease fittings. For further details, see page 61.
EMU28421
Cleaning and anticorrosion
measures
1.
2.
3.
Wash down the exterior of the outboard
motor with fresh water and dry off completely.
Spray the outboard motor exterior with
“Yamaha Silicone Protectant” (Part No.
LUB-SILCNE-13-00).
Wax the cowling with a non-abrasive
wax such as “Yamaha Silicone Wax”
(Part No. ACC-11000-15-02).
55
Maintenance
EMU28430
Battery care
1.
EWM00330
WARNING
Battery electrolytic fluid is dangerous; it
contains sulfuric acid and therefore is
poisonous and highly caustic.
Always follow these preventive measures:
● Avoid bodily contact with electrolytic
fluid as it can cause severe burns or
permanent eye injury.
● Wear protective eye gear when handling or working near batteries.
Antidote (EXTERNAL):
● SKIN - Flush with water.
● EYES - Flush with water for 15 minutes
and get immediate medical attention.
Antidote (INTERNAL):
● Drink large quantities of water or milk
followed by milk of magnesia, beaten
egg, or vegetable oil. Get immediate
medical attention.
Batteries also generate explosive hydrogen gas; therefore, you should always
follow these preventive measures:
● Charge batteries in a well-ventilated area.
● Keep batteries away from fire, sparks,
or open flames (for example: welding
equipment, lighted cigarettes, and so
on.)
● DO NOT SMOKE when charging or handling batteries.
KEEP BATTERIES AND ELECTROLYTIC
FLUID OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
Batteries vary among manufacturers. Therefore the following procedures may not always
apply.
Consult
your
battery
manufacturer’s instructions.
Procedure
56
2.
3.
4.
Disconnect and remove the battery from
the boat. Always disconnect the black
negative cable first to prevent the risk of
shorting.
Clean the battery casing and terminals.
Fill each cell to the upper level with distilled water.
Store the battery on a level surface in a
cool, dry, well-ventilated place out of direct sunlight.
Once a month, check the specific gravity
of the electrolyte and recharge as required to prolong battery life.
EMU28442
Flushing power unit
Perform this procedure right after operation
for the most thorough flushing.
ECM01530
CAUTION:
Do not perform this procedure while the
engine is running. The water pump may
be damaged and severe damage from
overheating can result.
1.
After shutting off the engine, unscrew
the garden hose connector from the fitting on the bottom cowling.
Maintenance
tion. Water will leak out of the connector
instead of cooling the engine, which can
cause serious overheating. Be sure the
connector is tightened securely on the fitting after flushing the engine.
1
2
NOTE:
3
●
●
When flushing the engine with the boat in
the water, tilting up the outboard motor until it is completely out of the water will
achieve better results.
For cooling system flushing instructions,
see page 53.
EMU28450
Cleaning the outboard motor
After use, wash the exterior of the outboard
motor with fresh water. Flush the cooling
system with fresh water.
ZMU05096
1. Fitting
2. Garden hose adapter
3. Garden hose connector
2.
3.
4.
Screw the garden hose adapter onto a
garden hose, which is connected to a
fresh water supply, and then connect it
to the garden hose connector.
With the engine off, turn on the water tap
and let the water flush through the cooling passages for about 15 minutes. Turn
off the water and disconnect the garden
hose adapter from the garden hose connector.
Reinstall the garden hose connector
onto the fitting on the bottom cowling.
Tighten the connector securely.
ECM00540
CAUTION:
ZMU02550
NOTE:
For cooling system flushing instructions, see
page 53.
EMU28460
Checking painted surface of motor
Check the motor for scratches, nicks, or flaking paint. Areas with damaged paint are
more likely to corrode. If necessary, clean
and paint the areas. A touch-up paint is available from your Yamaha dealer.
Do not leave the garden hose connector
loose on the bottom cowling fitting or let
the hose hang free during normal opera-
57
Maintenance
EMU28486
Periodic maintenance
EWM01070
WARNING
Be sure to turn off the engine when you
perform maintenance unless otherwise
specified. If you or the owner is not familiar with machine servicing, this work
should be done by your Yamaha dealer or
other qualified mechanic.
Maintenance, replacement, or repair of
the emission control devices and systems may be performed by any marine
engine repair establishment or individual.
All warranty repairs, however, including
those to the emission control system,
must be performed by an authorized
Yamaha marine dealership.
A service manual is available for purchase
through your Yamaha dealer for owners who
have the mechanical skills, tools, and other
equipment necessary to perform maintenance not covered by this owner’s manual.
EMU28510
Replacement parts
If replacement parts are necessary, use only
genuine Yamaha parts or parts of the same
type and of equivalent strength and materials. Any part of inferior quality may malfunction, and the resulting loss of control could
endanger the operator and passengers.
Yamaha genuine parts and accessories are
available from your Yamaha dealer.
58
Maintenance
EMU28522
Maintenance chart
Frequency of maintenance operations may be adjusted according to the operating conditions, but the following table gives general guidelines. Refer to the sections in this chapter for
explanations of each owner-specific action.
NOTE:
When operating in salt water, turbid or muddy water, the engine should be flushed with clean
water after each use.
The “
The “
” symbol indicates the check-ups which you may carry out yourself.
” symbol indicates work to be carried out by your Yamaha dealer.
Initial
Item
Anode(s) (external)
Anode(s) (internal)
Actions
10 hours
(1 month)
50 hours
(3
months)
Every
100
hours (6
months)
200
hours (1
year)
Inspection / replacement
Inspection / replacement
Battery
Inspection / charging
Cooling water passages
Cleaning
Cowling clamp
Inspection
Fuel filter (disposable)
Inspection / replacement
Fuel system
Inspection
Fuel tank (Yamaha portable tank)
Inspection / cleaning
Gear oil
Change
Greasing points
Greasing
Idling speed
Inspection
Power trim and tilt unit
Inspection
Propeller and cotter pin
Inspection / replacement
Shift link / shift cable
Inspection / adjustment
Thermostat
Inspection / replacement
Throttle link / throttle
cable / throttle pick-up
timing
Inspection / adjustment
Water pump
Inspection / replacement
59
Maintenance
Initial
Item
Actions
Engine oil
Inspection / change
Oil filter (cartridge)
Change
Spark plug(s)
Timing belt
Valve clearance (OHC,
OHV)
10 hours
(1 month)
Every
50 hours
(3
months)
100
hours (6
months)
200
hours (1
year)
Cleaning / adjustment /
replacement
Inspection / replacement
Inspection / adjustment
EMU28874
Maintenance chart (additional)
Every
Item
Actions
500 hours (2.5 years)
Timing belt
Fuel filter (vapor separator tank)
Anode(s) (exhaust
cover, cover joint)
Exhaust guide, exhaust
manifold
60
Replacement
Replacement
Replacement
Inspection / replacement
1000 hours (5 years)
Maintenance
EMU28931
Greasing
Yamaha marine grease (Water resistant grease)
F50, T50, F60, T60
ZMU05087
EMU28952
Cleaning and adjusting spark plug
EWM00560
WARNING
When removing or installing a spark plug,
be careful not to damage the insulator. A
damaged insulator could allow external
sparks, which could lead to explosion or
fire.
The spark plug is an important engine component and is easy to inspect. The condition
of the spark plug can indicate something
about the condition of the engine. For example, if the center electrode porcelain is very
white, this could indicate an intake air leak or
carburetion problem in that cylinder. Do not
attempt to diagnose any problems yourself.
Instead, take the outboard motor to a
Yamaha dealer. You should periodically remove and inspect the spark plug because
heat and deposits will cause the spark plug
to slowly break down and erode. If electrode
erosion becomes excessive, or if carbon and
other deposits are excessive, you should replace the spark plug with another of the correct type.
Standard spark plug:
DPR6EB-9
Before fitting the spark plug, measure the
electrode gap with a wire thickness gauge;
61
Maintenance
adjust the gap to specification if necessary.
sources of ignition.
EWM00910
WARNING
Leaking fuel can result in fire or explosion.
● Check for fuel leakage regularly.
● If any fuel leakage is found, the fuel
system must be repaired by a qualified
mechanic. Improper repairs can make
the outboard unsafe to operate.
1. Spark plug gap
2. Spark plug I.D. mark (NGK)
Spark plug gap:
0.8–0.9 mm (0.031–0.035 in)
Check the fuel lines for leaks, crack, or malfunction. If a problem is found, your Yamaha
dealer or other qualified mechanic should repair it immediately.
When fitting the plug, always clean the gasket surface and use a new gasket. Wipe off
any dirt from the threads and screw in the
spark plug to the correct torque.
Spark plug torque:
18.0 Nm (13.3 ft-lb) (1.84 kgf-m)
NOTE:
If a torque-wrench is not available when you
are fitting a spark plug, a good estimate of
the correct torque is 1/4 to 1/2 a turn past finger-tight. Have the spark plug adjusted to the
correct torque as soon as possible with a
torque-wrench.
EMU28962
Checking fuel system
ZMU05094
EWM00060
WARNING
Gasoline and its vapors are highly flammable and explosive. Keep away from
sparks, cigarettes, flames, or other
62
Checkpoints
Fuel system parts leakage
● Fuel line joint leakage
● Fuel line cracks or other damage
● Fuel connector leakage
●
Maintenance
EMU29041
Inspecting idling speed
EWM00451
WARNING
●
●
Do not touch or remove electrical parts
when starting or during operation.
Keep hands, hair, and clothes away
from the flywheel and other rotating
parts while the engine is running.
●
ECM00970
CAUTION:
●
ECM00490
CAUTION:
This procedure must be performed while
the outboard motor is in the water. A
flushing attachment or test tank can be
used.
A diagnostic tachometer should be used for
this procedure. Results may vary depending
on whether testing is conducted with the
flushing attachment, in a test tank, or with the
outboard motor in the water.
1. Start the engine and allow it to warm up
fully in neutral until it is running smoothly.
NOTE:
Correct idling speed inspection is only possible if the engine is fully warmed up. If not
warmed up fully, the idle speed will measure
higher than normal. If you have difficulty verifying the idle speed, or the idle speed requires adjustment, consult a Yamaha dealer
or other qualified mechanic.
2.
is hot and should be handled with care
to avoid burns.
Be sure the outboard motor is securely
fastened to the transom or a stable
stand.
●
Do not overfill the oil, and be sure the
outboard motor is upright (not tilted)
when checking and changing the engine oil.
If the oil level is above the upper level
mark, drain until the level meets the
specified capacity. Overfilling the oil
could cause leakage or damage.
ECM01240
CAUTION:
Change the engine oil after the first 10
hours of operation, and every 100 hours
or at 6-month intervals thereafter. Otherwise the engine will wear quickly.
NOTE:
Change the engine oil when the oil is still
warm.
1.
Put the outboard motor in an upright position (not tilted).
Verify whether the idle speed is set to
specification. For idle speed specifications, see page 52.
EMU29073
Changing engine oil
ZMU03659
EWM00760
WARNING
●
Avoid draining the engine oil immediately after stopping the engine. The oil
2.
Prepare a suitable container that holds a
larger amount than the engine oil capacity. Loosen and remove the drain screw
63
Maintenance
while holding the container under the
drain hole. Then remove the oil filler cap.
Let the oil drain completely. Wipe up any
spilled oil immediately.
1
ZMU05101
1. Oil filler cap
1
ZMU03660
5.
1. Drain screw
3.
Put a new gasket on the oil drain screw.
Apply a light coat of oil to the gasket and
install the drain screw.
Drain screw tightening torque:
18.0 Nm (13.3 ft-lb) (1.84 kgf-m)
NOTE:
If a torque wrench is not available when you
are installing the drain screw, finger tighten
the screw just until the gasket comes into
contact with the surface of the drain hole.
Then tighten 1/4 to 1/2 turn more. Tighten
the drain screw to the correct torque with a
torque wrench as soon as possible.
4.
Add the correct amount of oil through the
filler hole. Install the filler cap.
Recommended engine oil:
4-stroke outboard motor oil
Engine oil quantity (excluding oil filter):
2.5 L (2.64 US qt) (2.20 Imp.qt)
64
Start the engine and watch to make sure
the low oil pressure warning indicator (if
equipped) turns off. Make sure that
there are no oil leaks.
ECM00680
CAUTION:
If the low oil pressure warning indicator
does not turn off or if there are oil leaks,
stop the engine and find the cause. Continued operation with a problem could
cause severe engine damage. Consult
your Yamaha dealer if the problem cannot be located and corrected.
6.
Turn off the engine and wait 3 minutes.
Recheck the oil level using the dipstick
to be sure the level falls between the upper and lower marks. Fill with oil if it is
below the lower mark, or drain to the
specified level if it is above the upper
mark.
Maintenance
NOTE:
1
3
If any leaks are found, consult your Yamaha
dealer.
2
EMU29163
Checking power trim and tilt / power
tilt system
EWM00430
WARNING
ZMU05091
1. Lower level mark
2. Oil dipstick
3. Upper level mark
7.
Dispose of used oil according to local
regulations.
●
●
1.
NOTE:
●
●
For more information on the disposal of
used oil, consult your Yamaha dealer.
Change the oil more often when operating
the engine under adverse conditions such
as extended trolling.
2.
3.
Never get under the lower unit while it
is tilted, even when the tilt support lever
is locked. Severe injury could occur if
the outboard motor accidentally falls.
Make sure no one is under the outboard
motor before performing this test.
Check the power trim and tilt unit / power
tilt unit for any sign of oil leaks.
Operate each of the power trim and tilt
switches / power tilt switches to check
that all switches work.
Tilt the outboard motor up and check
that the trim and tilt rod / the tilt rod is
pushed out completely.
EMU29112
Checking wiring and connectors
●
●
Check that each grounding wire is properly
secured.
Check that each connector is engaged securely.
1
EMU29120
Exhaust leakage
Start the engine and check that no exhaust
leaks from the joints between the exhaust
cover, cylinder head, and body cylinder.
EMU29130
Water leakage
Start the engine and check that no water
leaks from the joints between the exhaust
cover, cylinder head, and body cylinder.
EMU29140
Engine oil leakage
Check for oil leaks on the around the engine.
ZMU03662
1. Trim and tilt rod
4.
5.
Check that the trim and tilt rod / the tilt
rod is free of corrosion or other flaws.
Tilt the outboard motor down. Check
that the trim and tilt rod / the tilt rod operates smoothly.
65
Maintenance
NOTE:
Consult your Yamaha dealer if any operation
is abnormal.
EMU29171
Checking propeller
EWM00321
WARNING
You could be seriously injured if the engine accidentally starts when you are
near the propeller.
● Before inspecting, removing, or installing the propeller, remove the spark
plug caps from the spark plugs. Also,
place the shift control in neutral, turn
the main switch to “
” (off) and remove the key, and remove the lanyard
from the engine stop switch. Turn off
the battery cut-off switch if your boat
has one.
● Do not use your hand to hold the propeller when loosening or tightening the
propeller nut. Put a wood block between the anti-cavitation plate and the
propeller to prevent the propeller from
turning.
ZMU01897
Checkpoints
Check each of the propeller blades for
wear, erosion from cavitation or ventilation, or other damage.
● Check the propeller shaft for damage.
● Check the splines / shear pin for wear or
damage.
● Check for fish line tangled around the propeller shaft.
●
●
Check the propeller shaft oil seal for damage.
NOTE:
ZMU03663
66
If the shear pin equipped: it is designed to
break if the propeller hits a hard underwater
obstacle to help protect the propeller and
drive mechanism. The propeller will then
spin freely on the shaft. If this happens, the
shear pin must be replaced.
Maintenance
3.
EMU30660
Removing the propeller
EMU29194
EMU30670
Spline models
1. Straighten the cotter pin and pull it out
using a pair of pliers.
2. Remove the propeller nut, washer, and
spacer (if equipped).
Installing the Propeller
EMU29231
Spline models
ECM00340
CAUTION:
●
●
1.
1. Cotter pin
2. Propeller nut
3. Washer
4. Spacer
5. Propeller
6. Thrust washer
2.
3.
4.
1
3
6
4
5
1. Cotter pin
2. Propeller nut
3. Washer
4. Spacer
5. Propeller
6. Thrust washer
Remove the propeller and thrust washer.
Be sure to install the thrust washer before installing the propeller, otherwise
the lower case and propeller boss
could be damaged.
Be sure to use a new cotter pin and
bend the ends over securely. Otherwise
the propeller could come off during operation and be lost.
Apply Yamaha marine grease or a corrosion resistant grease to the propeller
shaft.
Install the spacer (if equipped), thrust
washer, and propeller on the propeller
shaft.
Install the spacer (if equipped) and the
washer. Tighten the propeller nut to the
specified torque.
Align the propeller nut with the propeller
shaft hole. Insert a new cotter pin in the
hole and bend the cotter pin ends.
2
ZMU03228
ZMU02063
NOTE:
If the propeller nut does not align with the
propeller shaft hole after tightening to the
67
Maintenance
specified torque, tighten the nut further to
align it with the hole.
removed gaskets.
4.
EMU29282
Changing gear oil
ECM00710
CAUTION:
EWM00800
WARNING
●
●
Be sure the outboard motor is securely
fastened to the transom or a stable
stand. You could be severely injured if
the outboard motor falls on you.
Never get under the lower unit while it
is tilted, even when the tilt support lever
or knob is locked. Severe injury could
occur if the outboard motor accidentally falls.
1.
Tilt the outboard motor so that the gear
oil drain screw is at the lowest point possible.
Place a suitable container under the
gear case.
Remove the gear oil drain screw and
gasket.
2.
3.
Remove the oil level plug and gasket to
allow the oil to drain completely.
2
Inspect the used oil after it has been
drained. If the oil is milky, water is getting
into the gear case which can cause gear
damage. Consult a Yamaha dealer for repair of the lower unit seals.
NOTE:
For disposal of used oil, consult your
Yamaha dealer.
5.
With the outboard motor in a vertical position, and using a flexible or pressurized filling device, inject the gear oil into
the gear oil drain screw hole.
Recommended gear oil:
Hypoid gear oil SAE#90
Gear oil quantity:
F50TR 430.0 cm3 (14.54 US oz)
(15.17 Imp.oz)
F60TR 430.0 cm3 (14.54 US oz)
(15.17 Imp.oz)
T50TR 670.0 cm3 (22.65 US oz)
(23.63 Imp.oz)
T60TR 670.0 cm3 (22.65 US oz)
(23.63 Imp.oz)
1
ZMU03273
1. Gear oil drain screw
2. Oil level plug
NOTE:
●
●
If a magnetic gear oil drain screw is
equipped, remove all metal particles from
the screw before installing it.
Always use new gaskets. Do not reuse the
68
ZMU03274
Maintenance
6.
7.
Put a new gasket on the oil level plug.
When the oil begins to flow out of the oil
level plug hole, insert and tighten the oil
level plug.
Put a new gasket on the gear oil drain
screw. Insert and tighten the gear oil
drain screw.
EMU29302
Cleaning fuel tank
EWM00920
WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable, and its vapors are flammable and explosive.
● If you have any question about properly
doing this procedure, consult your
Yamaha dealer.
● Keep away from sparks, cigarettes,
flames, or other sources of ignition
when cleaning the fuel tank.
● Remove the fuel tank from the boat before cleaning it. Work only outdoors in
an area with good ventilation.
● Wipe up any spilled fuel immediately.
● Reassemble the fuel tank carefully. Improper assembly can result in a fuel
leak, which could result in a fire or explosion hazard.
● Dispose of old gasoline according to local regulations.
1.
2.
Empty the fuel tank into an approved
container.
Pour a small amount of suitable solvent
into the tank. Install the cap and shake
the tank. Drain the solvent completely.
ZMU03231
3.
Remove the screws holding the fuel joint
assembly. Pull the assembly out of the
tank.
ZMU02324
4.
5.
Clean the filter (located on the end of the
suction pipe) in a suitable cleaning solvent. Allow the filter to dry.
Replace the gasket with a new one. Reinstall the fuel joint assembly and tighten
the screws firmly.
EMU29312
Inspecting and replacing anode(s)
Yamaha outboard motors are protected from
69
Maintenance
corrosion by sacrificial anodes. Inspect the
external anodes periodically. Remove scales
from the surfaces of the anodes. Consult a
Yamaha dealer for replacement of external
anodes.
ECM00720
CAUTION:
Do not paint anodes, as this would render
them ineffective.
ZMU04722
NOTE:
Inspect ground leads attached to external
anodes on equipped models. Consult a
Yamaha dealer for inspection and replacement of internal anodes attached to the power unit.
ZMU04721
ZMU03664
70
EMU29320
Checking battery (for electric start
models)
EWM00330
WARNING
Battery electrolytic fluid is dangerous; it
contains sulfuric acid and therefore is
poisonous and highly caustic.
Always follow these preventive measures:
● Avoid bodily contact with electrolytic
fluid as it can cause severe burns or
permanent eye injury.
● Wear protective eye gear when handling or working near batteries.
Antidote (EXTERNAL):
● SKIN - Flush with water.
● EYES - Flush with water for 15 minutes
and get immediate medical attention.
Antidote (INTERNAL):
● Drink large quantities of water or milk
followed by milk of magnesia, beaten
egg, or vegetable oil. Get immediate
medical attention.
Batteries also generate explosive hydrogen gas; therefore, you should always
follow these preventive measures:
● Charge batteries in a well-ventilated area.
● Keep batteries away from fire, sparks,
or open flames (for example: welding
Maintenance
equipment, lighted cigarettes, and so
on.)
● DO NOT SMOKE when charging or handling batteries.
KEEP BATTERIES AND ELECTROLYTIC
FLUID OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
NOTE:
Consult a Yamaha dealer when charging or
re-charging batteries.
EMU29331
Connecting the battery
EWM00570
WARNING
ECM00360
CAUTION:
●
●
1.
A poorly maintained battery will quickly
deteriorate.
Ordinary tap water contains minerals
harmful to a battery, and should not be
used for topping up.
Check the electrolyte level at least once
a month. Fill to the manufacturer’s recommended level when necessary. Top
up only with distilled water (or pure deionized water suitable to use in batteries).
Mount the battery holder securely in a
dry, well-ventilated, vibration-free location in the boat. Install a fully charged battery in the holder.
ECM01121
CAUTION:
●
●
●
●
2.
3.
Always keep the battery in a good state
of charge. Installing a voltmeter will help
you monitor your battery. If you will not
use the boat for a month or more, remove the battery from the boat and store
it in a cool, dark place. Completely recharge the battery before using it.
If the battery will be stored for longer
than a month, check the specific gravity
of the fluid at least once a month and recharge the battery when it is low.
Make sure the main switch (on applicable models) is “
” (off) before working on the battery.
Reversal of the battery cables will damage the electrical parts.
Connect the red battery cable first
when installing the battery and disconnect the black battery cable first when
removing it. Otherwise, the electrical
parts can be damaged.
The electrical contacts of the battery
and cables must be clean and properly
connected, or the battery will not start
the engine.
Connect the red battery cable to the POSITIVE (+) terminal first. Then connect the
black battery cable to the NEGATIVE (-) terminal.
71
Maintenance
Do not use anti-fouling paint which includes
copper or graphite. These paints can cause
more rapid engine corrosion.
1. Red cable
2. Black cable
3. Battery
EMU29370
Disconnecting the battery
Disconnect the BLACK cable from the NEGATIVE (-) terminal first. Then disconnect the
RED cable from the POSITIVE (+) terminal.
EMU29390
Checking top cowling
Check the fitting of the top cowling by pushing it with both hands. If it is loose have it repaired by your Yamaha dealer.
EMU29400
Coating the boat bottom
A clean hull improves boat performance. The
boat bottom should be kept as clean of marine growth as possible. If necessary, the
boat bottom can be coated with an anti-fouling paint approved for your area to inhibit
marine growth.
72
ZMU01943
Trouble Recovery
EMU29424
Troubleshooting
A problem in the fuel, compression, or ignition systems can cause poor starting, loss of
power, or other problems. This section describes basic checks and possible remedies,
and covers all Yamaha outboard motors.
Therefore some items may not apply to your
model.
If your outboard motor requires repair, bring
it to your Yamaha dealer.
If the engine trouble warning indicator is
flashing, consult your Yamaha dealer.
Starter will not operate.
Q. Is battery capacity weak or low?
A. Check battery condition. Use battery of
recommended capacity.
Q. Are battery connections loose or corroded?
A. Tighten battery cables and clean battery
terminals.
Q. Is fuse for electric start relay or electric circuit blown?
A. Check for cause of electric overload and
repair. Replace fuse with one of correct amperage.
Q. Are starter components faulty?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is shift lever in gear?
A. Shift to neutral.
Engine will not start (starter operates).
Q. Is fuel tank empty?
A. Fill tank with clean, fresh fuel.
A. Fill tank with clean, fresh fuel.
Q. Is fuel filter clogged?
A. Clean or replace filter.
Q. Is starting procedure incorrect?
A. See page 39.
Q. Has fuel pump malfunctioned?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Are spark plug(s) fouled or of incorrect
type?
A. Inspect spark plug(s). Clean or replace
with recommended type.
Q. Are spark plug cap(s) fitted incorrectly?
A. Check and re-fit cap(s).
Q. Is ignition wiring damaged or poorly connected?
A. Check wires for wear or breaks. Tighten
all loose connections. Replace worn or broken wires.
Q. Are ignition parts faulty?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is engine stop switch lanyard not attached?
A. Attach lanyard.
Q. Are engine inner parts damaged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Engine idles irregularly or stalls.
Q. Are spark plug(s) fouled or of incorrect
type?
A. Inspect spark plug(s). Clean or replace
with recommended type.
Q. Is fuel contaminated or stale?
73
Trouble Recovery
Q. Is fuel system obstructed?
A. Check for pinched or kinked fuel line or
other obstructions in fuel system.
Q. Is fuel contaminated or stale?
A. Fill tank with clean, fresh fuel.
Q. Is fuel filter clogged?
A. Clean or replace filter.
Q. Have ignition parts failed?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Has warning system activated?
A. Find and correct cause of warning.
Q. Is spark plug gap incorrect?
A. Inspect and adjust as specified.
Q. Is ignition wiring damaged or poorly connected?
A. Check wires for wear or breaks. Tighten
all loose connections. Replace worn or broken wires.
Q. Is specified engine oil not being used?
A. Check and replace oil as specified.
Q. Is thermostat faulty or clogged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Are carburetor adjustments incorrect?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is fuel pump damaged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is air vent screw on fuel tank closed?
A. Open air vent screw.
Q. Is choke knob pulled out?
74
A. Return to home position.
Q. Is motor angle too high?
A. Return to normal operating position.
Q. Is carburetor clogged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is fuel joint connection incorrect?
A. Connect correctly.
Q. Is throttle valve adjustment incorrect?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is battery cable disconnected?
A. Connect securely.
Warning buzzer sounds or indicator
lights.
Q. Is cooling system clogged?
A. Check water intake for restriction.
Q. Is engine oil level low?
A. Fill oil tank with specified engine oil.
Q. Is heat range of spark plug incorrect?
A. Inspect spark plug and replace it with recommended type.
Q. Is specified engine oil not being used?
A. Check and replace oil with specified type.
Q. Is engine oil contaminated or deteriorated?
A. Replace oil with fresh, specified type.
Q. Is oil filter clogged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Has oil feed/injection pump malfunctioned?
Trouble Recovery
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is load on boat improperly distributed?
A. Distribute load to place boat on an even
plane.
Q. Are weeds or other foreign matter tangled
on gear housing?
A. Remove foreign matter and clean lower
unit.
Q. Is water pump or thermostat faulty?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is fuel system obstructed?
A. Check for pinched or kinked fuel line or
other obstructions in fuel system.
Q. Is there excess water in fuel filter cup?
A. Drain filter cup.
Q. Is fuel filter clogged?
A. Clean or replace filter.
Engine power loss.
Q. Is propeller damaged?
A. Have propeller repaired or replaced.
Q. Is fuel contaminated or stale?
A. Fill tank with clean, fresh fuel.
Q. Is propeller pitch or diameter incorrect?
A. Install correct propeller to operate outboard at its recommended speed (r/min)
range.
Q. Is trim angle incorrect?
A. Adjust trim angle to achieve most efficient
operation.
Q. Is motor mounted at incorrect height on
transom?
A. Have motor adjusted to proper transom
height.
Q. Is spark plug gap incorrect?
A. Inspect and adjust as specified.
Q. Is ignition wiring damaged or poorly connected?
A. Check wires for wear or breaks. Tighten
all loose connections. Replace worn or broken wires.
Q. Have electrical parts failed?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is specified fuel not being used?
A. Replace fuel with specified type.
Q. Has warning system activated?
A. Find and correct cause of warning.
Q. Is specified engine oil not being used?
A. Check and replace oil with specified type.
Q. Is boat bottom fouled with marine growth?
A. Clean boat bottom.
Q. Is thermostat faulty or clogged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Are spark plug(s) fouled or of incorrect
type?
A. Inspect spark plug(s). Clean or replace
with recommended type.
Q. Is air vent screw closed?
A. Open the air vent screw.
Q. Is fuel pump damaged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
75
Trouble Recovery
Q. Is fuel joint connection incorrect?
A. Connect correctly.
Q. Is heat range of spark plug incorrect?
A. Inspect spark plug and replace it with recommended type.
damaged by a collision while operating or
trailering. Damage could make the outboard motor unsafe to operate.
If the outboard motor hits an object in the water, follow the procedure below.
Q. Is high pressure fuel pump drive belt broken?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Is engine not responding properly to shift
lever position?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Engine vibrates excessively.
Q. Is propeller damaged?
A. Have propeller repaired or replaced.
Q. Is propeller shaft damaged?
A. Have serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
Q. Are weeds or other foreign matter tangled
on propeller?
A. Remove and clean propeller.
Q. Is motor mounting bolt loose?
A. Tighten bolt.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Stop the engine immediately.
Inspect the control system and all components for damage. Also inspect the
boat for damage.
Whether damage is found or not, return
to the nearest harbor slowly and carefully.
Have a Yamaha dealer inspect the outboard motor before operating it again.
EMU30680
Replacing fuse
If a fuse has blown, open the fuse holder and
remove the fuse with a fuse puller. Replace
it with a spare one of the proper amperage.
EWM00630
Q. Is steering pivot loose or damaged?
A. Tighten or have serviced by a Yamaha
dealer.
EMU29433
Temporary action in
emergency
EMU29440
Impact damage
EWM00870
WARNING
The outboard motor can be seriously
76
WARNING
Be sure to use the specified fuse. An incorrect fuse or a piece of wire could allow
excessive current flow. This could cause
electric system damage and a fire hazard.
NOTE:
Consult your Yamaha dealer if the new fuse
immediately blows again.
Trouble Recovery
1
1
3
2
ZMU03668
1. Manual valve screw
2.
2
Put the engine in the desired position,
then tighten the manual valve screw by
turning it clockwise.
EMU31601
1
Water separator warning indicator
blinks while cruising
ZMU05099
EWM01500
WARNING
1. Fuse (20 A × 3, 30 A × 1)
2. Spare fuse (20 A × 3, 30 A × 1)
3. Fuse puller
EMU29522
Power trim and tilt / power tilt will not
operate
If the engine cannot be tilted up or down with
the power trim and tilt / the power tilt because
of a discharged battery or a failure with the
power trim and tilt unit / the power tilt unit, the
engine can be tilted manually.
1. Loosen the manual valve screw by turning it counterclockwise until it stops.
Gasoline is highly flammable, and its vapors are flammable and explosive.
● Do not perform this procedure on a hot
or running engine. Allow the engine to
cool.
● There will be fuel in the fuel filter. Keep
away from sparks, cigarettes, flames or
other sources of ignition.
● This procedure will allow some fuel to
spill. Catch fuel in a rag. Wipe up any
spilled fuel immediately.
● The fuel filter must be reassembled
carefully with the O-ring, filter cup, and
hoses in place. Improper assembly or
replacement could result in a fuel leak,
which could result in a fire or explosion
hazard.
If the water separator warning indicator on
the tachometer blinks, perform the following
procedure.
77
Trouble Recovery
1
ZMU05476
1. Water separator warning indicator
1.
2.
3.
1. Water detection switch coupler
Stop the engine.
Remove the top cowling.
Remove the plastic tie.
5.
Unscrew the filter cup from the filter
housing.
NOTE:
Be careful not to twist the water detection
switch lead when unscrewing the filter cup.
1
1
2
ZMU05475
1. Plastic tie
ZMU05477
4.
Disconnect the water detection switch
coupler.
ECM01570
1. Filter cup
2. Water detection switch lead
CAUTION:
Be careful not to get any water on the water detection switch coupler, otherwise a
malfunction could occur.
6.
Drain the water in the filter cup by soaking it up with a rag.
NOTE:
Properly dispose of the rag.
7.
Firmly screw the filter cup onto the filter
housing.
NOTE:
Be careful not to twist the water detection
switch lead when screwing the filter cup onto
78
Trouble Recovery
the filter housing.
8.
Connect the water detection switch coupler securely until a click is heard.
1
er), the engine can be started manually with
an emergency starter rope. However, the engine cannot be started manually if the battery
voltage is low. If the battery is discharged to
9 volts or below, the electric fuel pump will
not operate.
EWM01021
WARNING
●
●
ZMU05509
1. Water detection switch coupler
9.
Fasten the water detection switch lead
with the plastic tie.
●
1
●
ZMU05475
●
1. Plastic tie
10. Install the top cowling.
11. Start the engine and make sure that the
water separator warning indicator remains off.
●
NOTE:
Have a Yamaha dealer inspect the outboard
motor after returning to port.
EMU29541
Starter will not operate
If the starter mechanism does not operate
(the engine cannot be cranked with the start-
●
Use this procedure only in an emergency to return to the nearest port for repairs.
When the emergency starter rope is
used to start the engine, the start-ingear protection device does not operate. Make sure the remote control lever
is in neutral. Otherwise the boat could
unexpectedly start to move, which
could result in an accident.
Attach the engine stop switch lanyard
to a secure place on your clothing, or
your arm or leg while operating the
boat.
Do not attach the lanyard to clothing
that could tear loose. Do not route the
cord where it could become entangled,
preventing it from functioning.
Avoid accidentally pulling the lanyard
during normal operation. Loss of engine power means the loss of most
steering control. Also, without engine
power, the boat could slow rapidly. This
could cause people and objects in the
boat to be thrown forward.
Make sure no one is standing behind
you when pulling the starter rope. It
could whip behind you and injure
someone.
An unguarded, rotating flywheel is very
dangerous. Keep loose clothing and
other objects away when starting the
engine. Use the emergency starter rope
79
Trouble Recovery
●
only as instructed. Do not touch the flywheel or other moving parts when the
engine is running. Do not install the
starter mechanism or top cowling after
the engine is running.
Do not touch the ignition coil, spark
plug wire, spark plug cap, or other electrical components when starting or operating the motor. You could get an
electrical shock.
OFF ON START
ZMU01906
5.
EMU29581
Emergency starting engine
1.
2.
Remove the top cowling.
Remove the flywheel cover.
Insert the knotted end of the emergency
starter rope into the notch in the flywheel
rotor and wind the rope around the flywheel several turns clockwise.
ZMU03670
3.
Prepare the engine for starting. For further information, see page 39. Be sure
the engine is in neutral and that the engine stop switch lanyard lock plate is attached to the engine stop switch.
ZMU03671
6.
Give a strong pull straight out to crank
the engine. Repeat if necessary.
EWM00620
WARNING
Do not install the top cowling when engine is running.
EMU29760
Treatment of submerged motor
4.
80
Turn on the main switch.
If the outboard motor is submerged, immediately take it to a Yamaha dealer. Otherwise
some corrosion may begin almost immediately.
If you cannot immediately take the outboard
motor to a Yamaha dealer, follow the procedure below in order to minimize engine damage.
Trouble Recovery
EMU29790
Procedure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Thoroughly wash away mud, salt, seaweed, and so on, with fresh water.
Remove the spark plugs and face the
spark plug holes downward to allow any
water, mud, or contaminants to drain.
Drain the fuel from the vapor separator,
fuel filter, and fuel line.
Feed fogging oil or engine oil through
the intake manifold and spark plug holes
while cranking with the emergency starter rope.
Take the outboard motor to a Yamaha
dealer as soon as possible.
ECM00400
CAUTION:
Do not attempt to run the outboard motor
until it has been completely inspected.
81
Consumer information
EMU29811
Important warranty information for U.S.A. and Canada
82
Consumer information
83
Consumer information
EMU29830
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A.
FOUR-STROKE OUTBOARD MOTOR
THREE-YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
84
Consumer information
85
Consumer information
EMU29841
IMPORTANT WARRANTY INFORMATION IF YOU USE YOUR
YAMAHA OUTSIDE THE USA OR CANADA
86
6C1-9-13 Hyoshi 06.2.24 10:08 AM ページ 3
6C1-9-13 Hyoshi 06.2.24 10:08 AM ページ 4
Printed in Japan
April 2006–1.4 × 1 !
Printed on recycled paper
Warranty card-04
2/17/03 2:41 PM
Page 1
OUTBOARD MOTOR WARRANTY REGISTRATION
ENREGISTREMENT DE LA GARANTIE DU MOTEUR HORS-BORD
Please complete and mail this card. This information is necessary to accurately register your unit for warranty.
Veuillez signer ci-dessous pour attester que le montage et l’inspection ont été faits dans le respect des directives d’inspection et
que la marche à suivre pour la garantie et l’entretien a été expliquée à l’acheteur au détail.
(For Dealer Use Only)
OUTBOARD MOTOR MODEL AND SERIAL NUMBER (From I.D. label on clamp bracket)
MODÉLE ET NO. DE SÉRIE DU MOTEUR HORS-BORD (sur l’étiquette d’identification de la presse de fixation) (A l’usage du concessionnaire)
YAMAHA DEALER NUMBER
NO. DU CONCESSIONNAIRE
YAMAHA
DEALER NAME
NOM DU
CONCESSIONNAIRE
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
MADE IN JAPAN
PAYS D'ORIGINE JAPON
USAGE
(Check One)
UTILISATION
(En cocher un.)
DATE SOLD
DATE DE
LIVRAISON
OWNER’S NAME
NOM DU
PROPRIÉTAIRE
MONTH
MOIS
DAY
JOUR
PHONE NUMBER (
)
NUMÉRO DE TÉLÉPHONE
YEAR
ANNÉE
FIRST
PRÉNOM
ADDRESS
ADRESSE
PLEASURE
LOISIR
COMMERCIAL
COMMERCIAL
LAST
NOM DE FAMILLE
STREET
RUE
CITY
VILLE
STATE/PROVINCE
PROVINCE
ZIP
CODE POSTAL
Warranty card-04
2/17/03 2:41 PM
Page 2
PLACE
POSTAGE
HERE
ATTN: WARRANTY DEPARTMENT
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