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Multitech MVPGK1 User guide
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper
Model MVPGK1
Hardware User Guide
User Guide
S0000122, Revision B
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper (Model MVPGK1)
This publication may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, without prior expressed written permission
from Multi-Tech Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2001, by Multi-Tech Systems, Inc.
Multi-Tech Systems, Inc. makes no representations or warranties with respect to the contents hereof
and specifically disclaims any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for any particular
purpose. Furthermore, Multi-Tech Systems, Inc. reserves the right to revise this publication and to
make changes from time to time in the content hereof without obligation of Multi-Tech Systems, Inc. to
notify any person or organization of such revisions or changes.
Record of Revisions
RevisionDescription
A
(1/21/00)
Manual released. All pages at revision A.
B
(4/15/00)
Update of Regulatory Info.
Patents
This product is covered by one or more of the following U.S. Patent Numbers: 5.301.274;
5.309.562; 5.355.365; 5.355.653; 5.452.289; 5.453.986. Other Patents Pending.
Trademarks
Multi-Tech and the rademarks of Multi-Tech Systems, Inc. are as follows: MultiVOIP, RASExpress,
MultiExpressFax, and the Multi-Tech logo.
Multi-Tech Systems, Inc.
2205 Woodale Drive
Mounds View, Minnesota 55112
(763) 785-3500 or (800) 328-9717
Fax (763) 785-9874
Tech Support (800) 972-2439
Internet Address: http://www.multitech.com
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Contents
1 Introduction/Description
5
System Overview .................................................................................................................................... 6
Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 6
Technical Specifications ........................................................................................................................... 7
Chassis ............................................................................................................................................ 7
Power Supply ................................................................................................................................... 7
SBC (Single Board Computer) ............................................................................................................. 8
Display: ........................................................................................................................................... 9
NIC Board (EN10100 PCI Card) ......................................................................................................... 10
2 Installation and Setup
13
3 Single Board Computer
19
4 PCI NIC Board
23
5 Hardware Removal/Replacement
27
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 14
Unpacking ............................................................................................................................................ 14
Safety Warning AC Power ...................................................................................................................... 14
Lithium Battery Caution .......................................................................................................................... 14
Laser Safety Caution ............................................................................................................................. 14
Safety Warnings Telecom ...................................................................................................................... 14
Rack Mounting ...................................................................................................................................... 15
Cable Connections ................................................................................................................................ 15
SBC Board Cabling .......................................................................................................................... 16
NIC Cabling .................................................................................................................................... 16
Powering Up ........................................................................................................................................ 17
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 20
About the SBC ................................................................................................................................ 20
Component Locations ...................................................................................................................... 21
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 24
About Fast Ethernet ......................................................................................................................... 24
About Auto-negotiation .................................................................................................................... 24
About PCI Bus ................................................................................................................................. 25
Features ........................................................................................................................................ 25
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 28
Disconnecting Cables and Removal from Enclosure ................................................................................... 28
Card Cage Removal/Replacement ........................................................................................................... 29
Board Removal and Replacement ............................................................................................................ 31
Removing SBC Board ....................................................................................................................... 31
Removing NIC Board ....................................................................................................................... 32
Hard Drive Removal/Replacement ........................................................................................................... 32
Floppy Disk Drive Removal/Replacement .................................................................................................. 33
CD ROM Drive Removal/Replacement ...................................................................................................... 33
Power Supply Removal/Replacement ....................................................................................................... 34
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
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6 Troubleshooting
35
7 Service, Warranty, and Technical Support
41
Appendices
45
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 36
Hardware Troubleshooting ..................................................................................................................... 36
Diagnostic Tests .............................................................................................................................. 38
Troubleshooting with Error Messages ...................................................................................................... 38
Calling Technical Support ....................................................................................................................... 39
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 42
Limited Warranty .................................................................................................................................. 42
Addendum for North American Products ............................................................................................ 42
Addendum for International Products ................................................................................................. 42
Service ................................................................................................................................................ 43
Ordering Accessories ............................................................................................................................ 43
Tech Support ....................................................................................................................................... 44
Recording Gatekeeper Information .................................................................................................... 44
About the Internet ................................................................................................................................. 44
Appendix A— Connector Pinouts ............................................................................................................. 46
SBC Connectors .............................................................................................................................. 46
NIC Board Connector ....................................................................................................................... 48
SBC Onboard Connectors ................................................................................................................. 49
Expansion Slots .............................................................................................................................. 54
How to Set Jumpers ........................................................................................................................ 57
Appendix B: SBC Mapping Parameters ..................................................................................................... 63
Appendix C - SBC Configuration Details .................................................................................................... 63
Flash BIOS Update .......................................................................................................................... 63
Watchdog Timer Configuration ......................................................................................................... 63
Green PC Function ................................................................................................................................ 63
Power Saving Block Diagram ............................................................................................................ 64
CPU Doze Mode .............................................................................................................................. 64
System Standby Mode ..................................................................................................................... 64
System Suspend Mode .................................................................................................................... 64
Award BIOS Setup .......................................................................................................................... 65
Entering Setup ...................................................................................................................................... 66
Setup Keyboard Commands ............................................................................................................. 66
The Standard CMOS Setup Menu ...................................................................................................... 67
Memory Installation ......................................................................................................................... 67
SBC Configuration ................................................................................................................................. 67
VGA Driver Utilities ................................................................................................................................ 68
VGA Drivers .................................................................................................................................... 68
The BIOS Features Setup Menu ........................................................................................................ 70
Chipset Features Setup .................................................................................................................... 73
DRAM Settings ................................................................................................................................ 74
Cache Features .............................................................................................................................. 74
PCI and IDE Configuration ................................................................................................................ 74
Power Management Setup ..................................................................................................................... 75
Power Management ....................................................................................................................... 75
Doze Mode ..................................................................................................................................... 76
Standby Mode ................................................................................................................................ 76
IDE HDD Auto Detection ................................................................................................................... 79
Appendix D — Regulatory Information ..................................................................................................... 83
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter
1 Introduction/Description
System Overview
Introduction
Welcome to Multi-Tech’s new MultiVOIP™ Gatekeeper, Model MVPGK1, a turnkey hardware and
software solution that enables network managers and intranet managers to define and control how
H.323 voice traffic is managed over IP networks. The MultiVOIP Gatekeeper is a complementary product
to the MultiVOIP 200 (MVP200), the 2-Voice/Fax channel product and the MultiVOIP 400/800 (MVP400),
4-Voice/Fax channel product, and the MVP800, the 8-Voice/Fax channel product. The MultiVOIP
GateKeeper is an industry-standard mechanism for call control and routing, basic telephony services,
H.323 bandwidth usage control, total network usage control, and overall system administration and
security policies. It includes fast, easy-to-use interfaces that network managers can use to modify or
update zone configurations when an individual on the network needs additional services. And, it
provides call centers with the capability to perform needs-based call routing as well as providing a
variety of other automatic call distribution features.
The MultiVOIP GateKeeper is a ruggedized, expandable, 19-inch rack mount unit that includes a built-in
hard drive, a 3.5-inch floppy drive, and a CD-ROM drive. Its removable card cage has six circuit board
slots: one slot on the lower left side of the card cage is dedicated to the single-board computer (SBC);
also, there is one combo slot (PCI or ISA) and four PCI slots.
The IPC-551 SBC is a full size plug-in PC board with PCI bus architecture, a 233 MHz processor, 256 MB
of DRAM, Award BIOS, and “Green” PC functions that enable the computer to operate at a decreased
power level after it senses a period of idleness. In one of the PCI slots is an EN10100PCI Ethernet
adapter card that is a Plug and Play device with data transfer rates of either 10 Mbps (Ethernet) or 100
Mbps (Fast Ethernet), selected via auto-negotiation.
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter 1 - System Overview
Technical Specifications
Figure 1-1. MultiVOIP™ Gatekeeper
The Gatekeeper conforms to the following technical specifications.
Chassis
• 6-slot PCI/ISA backplane
• SBC
• 10/100Mb PCI EtherNet NIC
• One half-height 1.44Mb 3½-inch floppy disk drive
• One half-height IDE hard drive
• One 250-watt power supply
• One 32x CD-ROM Drive
• Power on/off switch on front panel with built in power LED.
• Full security locking
Power Supply
AC Input
• Power requirement: 115/230V; 7A/4A (RMS) selectable by slide switch
• Frequency: 50-60 Hz
• Efficiency: >65% @ full load, nominal line
DC Output
• Outputs: +5 @ 25A, +12 @ 10A, -5 @ 0.5A, -12 @ 0.5A
• Inrush current: <30A peak @ 115VAC, cold start at 25o C
• Line regulation: +/- 5% at full load for +/-5V, +/-12V, +/-10% for -12V
• Hold Time: 12ms at full load @ 115VAC
Note: 3.3 volts, DC, is available at PCI expansion slots on one side of the backplane only,
because PCI expansion cards made by some other manufacturers may require 3.3 volts. Any
such boards must be installed in the Gatekeeper on the side of the chassis where the SingleBoard Computer is located. Since there is no 3.3-volt supply on the other side of the backplane,
such PCI expansion cards will not operate properly in those positions.
Dimensions and Weight
• Height: 5.25 inches
• Width: 19 inches
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
7
• Depth: 17 inches
• Weight: 28 lbs. (12.7 kg)
Environmental
• Temperature: 0–40o C
• Humidity: 10–90% RH noncondensing
• Fan Rating: 25 cfm
SBC (Single Board Computer)
Intel 54C/55C.
320/321 pin PGA socket.
233 MHz clock generator.
2.8V - 3.5V voltage regulator.
Memory:
Up to 256MB, EDO/Fast Page Mode DRAM.
Four 72-pin SIMM sockets on board.
Cache:
L1 Cache: 32k.
L2 Cache on board: 512k.
Real-Time Clock/Calendar:
CMOS data backup from BIOS setting or BIOS default.
Dallas DS 12887 Real Time Clock.
BIOS:
Award Flash BIOS with plug & play functionality.
Easily updated 128/256KB flash EEPROM.
Supports “Green” power-saving function .
Supports System IO Setup.
Keyboard Connector:
PC/AT type miniature DIN connector.
Supports PC/AT, PS/2 Keyboard or PS/2 Mouse; determined by jumper selection.
Bus Support and Speed:
External ISA bus at 8 MHz.
External PCI bus at 33 MHz.
Internal PCI bus, for VGA & IDE at 33 MHz.
PC-104 bus at 8 MHz.
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Chapter 1 - System Overview
Display:
Supports SVGA for CRT.
Supports 32-bit PCI Local Bus.
VGA BIOS combines 128/256KB flash ROM with system BIOS.
Supports 15 pin connector 1024 x 768 resolution (256 colors) on SVGA Monitor.
Supports 2 MB video memory.
Watchdog Timer:
The watchdog timer is controlled by software. Once enabled, the system will reboot, unless the timer is
re-enabled before the specified timeout duration expires. Timeout durations range from zero to 30
seconds in two-second increments (+/- 25%).
To enable watchdog timer:
use I / O port 0443H
To disable watchdog timer:
use I / O port 0441H
IDE Interface:
Two IDE ports. Supports up to four Enhanced IDE devices.
Floppy Disk Driver Interface:
Supports up to two floppy disk drives: 3.5" and 5.25" (360K / 720K / 1.2M / 1.44M / 2.88M).
Serial Port:
Two high-speed 16550-compatible UARTs with Send / Receive 16-byte FIFOs.
MIDI Compatible.
Programmable Band Rate Generator.
Parallel Port:
Bi-directional parallel port, supports SPP, ECP, and EPP.
“Green” Power-Saving Function:
Software support determined by BIOS setup.
LED Indicators
System power (at jumper KBL1 on board).
Hard Disk access (at jumper HDL1 on board).
DMA Controller:
82C37 x 2
DMA Channels:
7
Interrupt Controllers:
82C59 x 2
15 levels
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
9
Operating Temperature:
0 to60°C (32 to 140°F).
System Power Requirements :
DC Voltage:
+5V; minimum +4.75V, maximum 5.25V.
DC Ampere:
15A.
Board Dimensions:
338.5 mm x 122 mm (13.33 in. x 4.80 in.)
Board Net Weight:
0.4 Kg. (14.1 oz.)
NIC Board (EN10100 PCI Card)
The EN10100PCI card was designed to meet the following specifications:
Network Type:
· Fast Ethernet 100Base-TX (IEEE 802.3u standard for 100 Mbps baseband CSMA/CD LAN)
· Ethernet 10BASE-T (IEEE 802.3 standard for 10 Mbps baseband CSMA/CD local area network)
Jumperless Hardware, with auto-negotiation functionality
Media interface: RJ-45
LAN Chip Set:
· Interface controller: D-Link DL10030
· Transceiver interface: Davicom DM9101
EMI Compatibility:
· FCC Class B
· VCCI Class B
· CISPR B
· SMA Certification
· CE Certification, Class B
Host interface: PCI 2.1 Bus (Bus Master)
I/O & IRQ base address: assigned by Plug and Play system
Physical Dimensions: 13.9 cm x 7.3 cm
Environment:
· Storage: -20° to 80°C, (-4° to 176° F)
· Operating: 0° to 55° C, (32° to 131° F)
· Humidity: 10% to 90% non-condensing
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter 1 - System Overview
Power Consumption: 2W (400mA @ 5V) max
Check http://www.multitech.com for drivers not listed and for the latest release of drivers.
Software drivers1 for:
· Microsoft Windows NT4.0
· Banyan VINES v4.00 (2)
· DECnet PathWorks v4.0
· FTP PC/TCP
· IBM Communication Manager v1.0
· IBM LAN Server v4.0, v3.0, v2.0
· IBM LAN Support Program v1.3x
· Microsoft LAN Manager v2.1
· Microsoft Windows for Workgroups 3.11
· Novell Netware 3.x, 4.x ODI driver
· Win/TCP PathWay Access for DOS v1.1
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter
2 Installation and Setup
Introduction
This chapter explains how to set up and connect cables for the Gatekeeper. This product includes the
Windows operating system and Gatekeeper software, and is ready to be connected to an Ethernet
concentrator. The operator needs only to connect a VGA (or SVGA) monitor, keyboard, Ethernet cable,
and mouse, boot the system, and enter some basic information. To connect the cables to a monitor and
keyboard, see the Cable Connections section of this chapter.
Unpacking
Check the items on the Gatekeeper shipping list to ensure that you have received the correct options
and accessories. Unpack the unit and inspect it for visible shipping damage. If damage is observed, do
not power-on the unit; contact Multi-Tech's Tech Support for advice. If no damage is observed, place
the Gatekeeper in its final location.
Safety Warning AC Power
Locate the AC outlet near the communication equipment. The AC power cord is your main AC
disconnecting device and must be easily accessible at all times. For your safety, the power cord
provided with your system has a grounding plug. Always use the power cord with a properly grounded
wall outlet to avoid the risk of electrical shock.
Lithium Battery Caution
A lithium battery on the product provides backup power for the device’s timekeeping capability. The
battery has an estimated life expectancy of ten years.
When the battery starts to weaken, the date and time may be incorrect. If the battery fails, the unit
must be sent back to Multi-Tech Systems for battery replacement.
Warning: There is danger of explosion if the battery is incorrectly replaced.
Laser Safety Caution
Class 1 LED Product.
The CD-ROM drive contains a laser system and is classified as a “Class 1 Laser Product” under a U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Radiation Performance standard according to the
Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968.
If the unit ever requires maintenance, contact an authorized repair location.
Safety Warnings Telecom
1.Never install telephone wiring during a lightning storm.
2.Never install telephone jacks in wet locations unless the jack is specifically designed for wet
locations.
3.This product is to be used with UL and cUL listed computers.
4.Never touch uninsulated telephone wires or terminals unless the telephone line has been
disconnected at the network interface.
5.Use caution when installing or modifying telephone lines.
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter 2 - Installation & Setup
6.Avoid using a telephone (other than a cordless type) during an electrical storm. There may be
a remote risk of electrical shock from lightning.
7.Do not use the telephone to report a gas leak in the vicinity of the leak.
8.
To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger Telecommunications line cord.
Rack Mounting
Caution: To prevent personal injury or damage to the unit, two people should mount the
Gatekeeper into the rack enclosure.
The Gatekeeper fits in a standard 19-inch rack enclosure. Attach it securely to the rack enclosure with
the four mounting screws included in your Gatekeeper kit.
When mounting the equipment in the rack, make sure the mechanical loading is even. Uneven
mechanical loading creates the risk that the equipment rack may tip or fall or present other related
hazards. The rack should safely support the combined weight of all the equipment that it holds.
Note: To keep the server cool enough, you need at least one inch of clearance behind the unit
to allow air flow. If mounted in a rack enclosure or as a desktop unit, there must be a
minimum of one inch between the back of the Gatekeeper and any wall or barrier.
Cable Connections
The operator need only connect the Network Interface Card to the local area network.
The SBC board has cable connectors for adding a keyboard, a monitor, and a mouse or other serial
device (on COM1). Cable connectors and boards are shown in Figure 2-1.
Cover Mounting
Screws
Cover
100M
LINK
ACT
120
Printer Port
(DB25)
COM 2
(DB15)
Power Supply
Network
Interface
Card
SBC Backplane
Figure 2-1. Back Panel Connectors
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
15
SBC Board Cabling
The SBC board is located in the Gatekeeper as shown in Figure 2-1. The SBC board cabling may involve
connection to three back panel connectors (see Figure 2-2). The back panel connectors are:
• Keyboard connector
• Video connector
• COM 1 connector
100M
LINK
ACT
120
SBC
Backplane
6-Pin Circular Jack
(To External Keyboard)
15-Pin Video
Connector
(to External
Display Monitor)
COM 1 Connector
(DB9 male)
Connect RS-232C
Serial Cable (female end)
here
Fig. 2-2. SBC Backplane Connections
The left round connector is for a keyboard. The middle receptacle connects the video cable to a
monitor. The right connector (COM 1) on the SBC’s backplane typically accommodates a mouse or
other pointing device. The SBC connector pinouts are shown and defined in Appendix A.
Note: Any cables connected to the Gatekeeper should be shielded to reduce interference.
NIC Cabling
120
100M
LINK
ACT
The 10/100Mb PCI EtherNet Network Interface Card is located as shown in Figure 2-4. The NIC has a
single RJ-45 connector and three LEDs.
100M
Network
Interface
Card
ACT
LINK
RJ-45 UTP
Connector
Fig. 2-4. NIC Board Connectors
Connect the appropriate network cable to the NIC in the Gatekeeper. The RJ-45 NIC connector is shown
and defined in Appendix A.
Note: Any cables connected to the Gatekeeper should be shielded to reduce interference.
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter 2 - Installation & Setup
Powering Up
Note: This is pluggable equipment; the socket outlet must be installed near the equipment and must
be easily accessible.
When connecting the equipment to the power-supply circuit, be sure to check equipment nameplate
ratings to avoid overloading circuits. Overloaded circuits may cause damage to over-current protection
devices and to power-supply wiring.
Make sure that the voltage selector on the power supply is set to the proper voltage prior to connecting
this equipment to the main power. If the voltage selector needs to be changed, an ordinary pencil can
be used to change the switch to the position which best correlates with the known input voltage. If the
voltage selector is in the "115" position, input voltages from 100-120VAC may be applied to the
equipment. If the voltage selector is in the "230" position, input voltages from 200-240 VAC may be
applied to the equipment.
120
100M
LINK
ACT
Connect the power cord supplied with the CommPlete 4000 to the power cord connector on the back of
the cabinet and to an AC outlet. Press the power switch on the front of the cabinet to the ON position.
The power switch contains an LED which should light when power is applied.
Power Supply
Monitor Power
Outlet
120
Power Cord
Input
Voltage Selector
Fig. 2-5. Power Supply Connectors
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter
3 Single Board Computer
Introduction
This chapter introduces some of the features of the Multi-Tech Single Board Computer (or SBC), Model
IPC-551, used in the Gatekeeper. Further details can be found in Appendixes A, B, and C.
About the SBC
The IPC-551 SBC is a full size plug-in PC board with PCI bus architecture, a 233 MHz Intel Pentium
processor with MMX, 256 MB of dynamic random access memory (DRAM), Award PnP flash ROM BIOS,
a watchdog timer, and a “Green” PC function that enables the system to operate at a decreased power
level after it senses a period of inactivity.
The memory interface on the SBC consists of four 72-pin single in-line memory module (SIMM) sockets
(two double DRAM banks) that can be used to configure memories ranging from 8MB to 256 MB.
(Details are provided in Appendix C.) The 256 MB memory supplied with each Gatekeeper consists of
four 64 MB memory modules.
The system BIOS and VGA BIOS on the SBC can be updated as necessary using the Awdflash.exe
program provided on the system CD-ROM. (Details are provided in Appendix C.)
A watchdog timer (WDT) is provided on the SBC in case your system configuration requires that the
Gatekeeper be remotely rebooted from time to time. Setup instructions for the WDT are also provided
in Appendix C.)
The default condition for the “Green” PC function on the SBC board is Off. When activated, however,
the green function slows down the Gatekeeper and shuts down certain computer functions in order to
reduce power consumption. The three reduced-power operating modes built into the green function
are: CPU Doze mode, System Standby mode, and System Suspend mode. See Appendix C for further
details concerning the Green PC function.
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter 3 - Single Board Computer
Component Locations
Figure 3-1 displays component locations on the SBC board.
VGA
COM 1
JP7
KBL JP6 EXKB
Flash
Disk
SIO
JP11
Real Time
Clock
JP12
JP14
Panel
SPK
USB
IDE 2
IDE 1
PC-104
VRAM
Flash
BIOS
GND
HDL
JP10
JP13
FDD
KB
BIOS
VRAM
PRT
COM
2
PWR
RST
KB/
Mouse
Chipset
JP4
JP
9
JP2 JP
3
6xx86
CPU
JP
8
JP1
Chipset
SIMM 1
SIMM 2
SIMM 3
SIMM 4
Figure 3-1: Connector, Jumper and Component Locations on the SBC Board
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter
4 PCI NIC Board
Introduction
This chapter documents the features and specifications for the Multi-Tech EN10100PCI (NIC board), a
10/100Mb Ethernet PCI bus NIC with Auto-negotiation (Figure 4-1).
Figure 4-1. NIC Board
About Fast Ethernet
Fast Ethernet is a network technology specified by IEEE Standard 802.3u. It extends the traditional
10Mbps Ethernet technology to achieve 100Mbps transmission and reception, while retaining the same
CSMA/CA Ethernet protocol. Thus while Fast Ethernet provides a tenfold increase in network capacity,
it is wholly compatible with traditional 10Mbps Ethernet network facilities. This compatibility is the key
to easy and efficient upgrades to 100Mbps in your network areas needing greater bandwidth.
Upgrading selected areas to Fast Ethernet does not require hardware or software changes in network
areas where traditional 10Mbps Ethernet is providing good service. For upgrading existing Ethernet
installations to 100Mbps, and especially for selectively upgrading areas needing upgrade, Fast Ethernet
is the clear choice in terms of cost-effectiveness, as well as convenience and smoothness in transition.
Fast Ethernet comprises two subtypes: 100Base-T4 and 100Base-TX. 100Base-T4 Fast Ethernet can
use existing Category 3 or Category 4 UTP network cabling, but does not provide full duplex operation.
100Base-TX requires Category 5 cabling, but does provide full duplex operation. Full duplex 100BaseTX operation enables simultaneous transmission and reception, both at 100Mbps, thus providing
service potentially equivalent to 200Mbps half-duplex service. The EN10100PCI Adapter does not
support the 100Base-T4 subtype. To provide compatibility in traditional 10Mbps Ethernet environments
(where, for example, EN10100PCI adapters are installed anticipating upgrade of supporting hub
equipment to Fast Ethernet), the EN10100PCI also supports traditional 10 Mbps Ethernet operation, in
full-duplex as well as half-duplex modes. Selection of the best operation mode in any given installation
is automatically governed by auto-negotiation.
About Auto-negotiation
You have probably had the experience of making a dialup connection through a modem, and have
heard the gravelly-sounding exchanges between your modem and the modem at the other end of the
telephone line (these exchanges are ordinarily played out through a speaker in your local modem). As
irritating as those few seconds of noise may be, they do let you know that your modem and the remote
modem are on the job, preparing for your intended communication with the remote computer. The
preparatory work of the two modems during those few seconds before you see the “Connect” message
is to negotiate the best data communication scheme which is supported by both modems, and which is
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter 4 - PCI NIC Board
suitable for the quality of the telephone line linkage between them. The parameters to be settled
between the two modems include best baud rate, compression method, and error correction method.
When the two modems have tested the phoneline quality and settled on the combination of shared
options and parameters which will provide the best data communication over the connecting phone
line, then you are given the “Connect” message which signals the end of the intermodem negotiation
and the beginning of your intended communication with the remote computer.
Auto-negotiation between devices within an Ethernet LAN is similar in concept, but much briefer. The
two devices involved in the auto-negotiation will be the EN10100PCI Adapter serving your station and
the hub through which it is connected into the LAN. The options to be negotiated between the
EN10100PCI and its supporting hub include Ethernet type (100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet or 10BASE-T
Ethernet) and duplex mode (half-duplex, being one-way-at-a-time, or full duplex, being simultaneous
transmit-and-receive). Startup communication between the two devices occurs when both devices are
power-on, the cable connection between them is good, and the Network Operating System software is
running. As soon as those conditions are satisfied, the preparatory process of auto-negotiation between
the EN10100PCI and its supporting hub proceeds automatically. If the hub has auto-negotiation
functionality, then it and the EN10100PCI exchange a series of messages in which each device signals
its capabilities and listens for corresponding information about the other. The auto-negotiation process
requires only a few milliseconds, and the two devices select the best communication parameters
supported by both devices. If the hub does not have auto-engotiation functionality, then its monotone
(single capability) message will be recognized by the EN10100PCI’s auto-negotiation facility, and the
EN10100PCI will simply switch to one of its own capabilities which matches that of the hub.
When the preparatory procedure of auto-negotiation is completed, then the line is ready and will
provide a data channel which is optimal for the two devices. The line will remain ready without further
auto-negotiation action until the linkage is broken. Auto-negotiation then reoccurs at any time that the
linkage is restored, again making the line ready for optimal data communications.
About PCI Bus
Your EN10100PCI Adapter delivers outstanding performance by fully exploiting the advanced features of
your computer’s PCI bus. EN10100PCI Adapters utilize the Bus Master Mode of the PCI bus, enableing
direct transfers of Ethernet packet content between computer memory and the adapter’s controller,
thus minimizing network demand on the CPU. The adapter’s controller function provides the additional
benefit of reduced command processing overhead. The working relationship between a EN10100PCI
adapter and main memory working in Bus Master mode is powered by the Bridge/Memory Controller of
the PCI bus. This reduces the CPU role in network operations, thus freeing the CPU to service other
tasks, with resulting improvement in overall computing (multitasking) performance. At the same time, it
produces superior network throughput by reducing latency (waiting for CPU service) during
transmissions and receptions.
Features
Designed for versatility and performance, the EN10100PCI Adapter provides the following features:
· Operates in a PCI Bus Master slot of a Pentium computer, independent of CPU speed.
· PCI Bus Master memory access, for high throughput and low CPU demand.
· 32-bit Intelligent Ethernet controller.
· Complies with IEEE 802.3 100Base-TX and 10Base-T Ethernet standards.
· Plug and Play installation.
· RJ-45 connector for network cable connection.
· 100Mbps Fast Ethernet or 10Mbps Ethernet data transfer, selected via auto-negotiation.
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
25
· Full duplex or half-duplex operation, selected by auto-negotiation.
· Built-in FIFO buffers reduce overhead of memory transfers.
· Three LED indicators: 10Mbps/100Mbps, Link, Activity.
· Drivers for all leading Network Operating Systems.
LED Indicators
The EN10100PCI Adapter features three LED indicators to assist in the resolving of network diagnostics:
· 10Mbps/100Mbps SPEED Indicator
This LED shows steady green (on) when 100Mbps speed is selected. It is dark (off)
when10Mbps is negotiated.
· LINK Indicator
Steady green indicates good linkage between the EN10100PCI and its supporting hub.
· ACTIVITY Indicator
Flashing green indicates that the adapter is sending or receiving.
26
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter
5 Hardware Removal/
Replacement
Introduction
This chapter’s procedures describe removal and replacement of the main hardware components of the
Gatekeeper. Before removing or replacing any component, disconnect the cables from the back of the
Gatekeeper and remove the Gatekeeper from its rack enclosure per instructions. The Gatekeeper has
been designed to make this process as efficient as possible, but if you experience problems, contact
Multi-Tech Technical Support (see chapter 7).
Disconnecting Cables and Removal from Enclosure
The steps below describe how to remove the Gatekeeper from its rack enclosure. These steps must be
followed before any internal component can be removed or replaced.
Warning: Any time power is removed, turn off the Master Power switch inside the front door.
Note: In order to make re-connection easier, be sure to note or label all cable connections
before disconnecting any cables from the Gatekeeper.
1 Shut down Windows NT Server.
2 Remove the power cord from the back of the Gatekeeper.
3 If connected, disconnect the video, COM 1, and keyboard cables from the back of the SBC.
Cover Mounting
Screws
Cover
100M
LINK
ACT
120
Printer Port
(DB25)
COM 2
(DB15)
Power Supply
Network
Interface
Card
SBC Backplane
Fig.4-1. Back Panel Connectors
4 If a LAN is connected to the Gatekeeper , disconnect twisted-pair cable at the NIC.
5 Remove the four rack enclosure mounting screws from the front of Gatekeeper and
remove the Gatekeeper from the rack enclosure. See Figure 4-2.
Rack Enclosure
Mounting
Screws
Enclosure
Mounting Holes
Handle
Fan Intake Vents
Fig. 4-2. Rack Enclosure Mounting Screws
6 To re-attach cables and re-mount the Gatekeeper, follow steps 1-5 in reverse order and
sense. That is,
a. (Two people are needed.) Replace the Gatekeeper in the rack enclosure and
secure it using the four mounting screws that were removed in Step 5.
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter 5 - Hardware Removal/Replacement
c. Reconnect the Network Interface Card to the LAN with its twisted-pair cable.
d. Reconnect the SBC cables (to video, keyboard, and COM1).
e. Restore power when ready.
Card Cage Removal/Replacement
The steps below describe how to remove the card cage. Note that card cage removal is not always
necessary to remove or replace some components. Specifically, expansion cards can be installed into
or removed from the SBC side of the card cage without removing the card cage.
1 Remove the Gatekeeper from rack enclosure (two people are needed). Follow the
procedure “Disconnecting Cables and Removal from Enclosure” presented above.
Summary: after powering down the unit and disconnecting all power and signal cables,
employ two people to remove its rack-mounting screws and lift the unit out of the rack.
2 To remove the top cover from the Gatekeeper , remove the seven cover mounting screws
located in the back of the Gatekeeper. The cover slides off the back of the chassis.
Cover Mounting
Screws (7)
120
100M
LINK
ACT
Cover
Fig. 4-3. Cover Mounting Screws
3 Remove two chassis mounting screws securing the card cage. See Figure 4-4.
Chassis
Mounting
Screw
Chassis
Mounting
Screw
7
LOCK
SOCKET
M1
M2
BANK
1
M3
BANK
1
M4
Fig. 4-4. Chassis Mounting Screws
4 Pull the card cage (including fan enclosure) straight up and out of the chassis. See Figure
4-5. Set it next to the chassis.
Note: Before placing the card cage back into the chassis, verify that the power connectors
from the power supply to the backplane are fully attached. Figure 4-5b shows the wire colors
and correct orientation of the power supply cables.
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
29
SBC Board
NIC Board
7
LOCK
SOCKET
Fan Enclosure
M1
M3
M4
BAN
K1
BAN
K1
M2
7
LOCK
SOCKET
M1
M2
BANK
1
M3
BANK
1
M4
Figure 4-5a. Card Cage Removal
GateKeeper
(Front)
Bl
Blacakck
B
Yellluoew
R
Oraend
ge
Red
R
Red ed
W it
Blach
k e
Black
Figure 4-5b. Wire Colors and Orientation of Power Cables
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter 5 - Hardware Removal/Replacement
Board Removal and Replacement
Removing SBC Board
1 Remove the Gatekeeper from rack enclosure (two people are needed). Follow the
procedure “Disconnecting Cables and Removal from Enclosure” presented above.
Summary: after powering down the unit and disconnecting all power and signal cables,
employ two people to remove its rack-mounting screws and lift the unit out of the rack.
2 Remove the top cover from the Gatekeeper by removing the seven cover mounting
screws located in the back of the Gatekeeper. (See Figure 4-3.)
3 Disconnect the four ribbon cables from the SBC. (See Figure 4-6.) Depending on
your configuration, you may not have all four ports in use.
VGA
COM 1
KBL JP6 EXKB
Real Time
Clock
Flash
BIOS
GND
USB
HDL
IDE 2
PC-104
VRAM
KB
BIOS
VRAM
COM
2
PRT
JP11
IDE 1
Hard Drive
Connector
KB/
Mouse
Flash
Disk
SIO
JP10
JP13
Floppy Drive
Connector
JP7
FDD
Printer Port
Connector
PWR
RST
JP12
JP14
Panel
SPK
COM 2
Connector
Chipset
JP4
JP2 JP
3
JP
9
6xx86
CPU
Fanned
Heatsink
Location
JP
8
JP1
Chipset
SIMM 1
SIMM 2
SIMM 3
SIMM 4
Figure 4-6. SBC Board and Ribbon Cable Connectors
4 Remove the fanned heatsink from the processor.
5 Remove the screw that secures the SBC board to the chassis at the back of the
Gatekeeper, then unplug (remove) the SBC board from the midplane.
6 To replace the SBC board, verify SBC board configuration. Refer to the Hardware
Configuration and Installation instructions in the SBC manual.
7 Install the new SBC board by following steps 1-5 in reverse order and sense. That is,
a. Attach SBC to its midplane socket and secure SBC to rear of chassis with screw.
b. Re-connect ribbon cables and reinstall fanned heatsink.
c. Replace top cover (7 screws).
d. (Two people are needed.) Replace Gatekeeper into rack enclosure.
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
31
Removing NIC Board
1 Remove the Gatekeeper from rack enclosure (two people are needed). Follow the
procedure “Disconnecting Cables and Removal from Enclosure” presented above.
Summary: after powering down the unit and disconnecting all power and signal cables,
employ two persons to remove its rack-mounting screws and lift the unit out of the rack.
2 Remove the seven cover mounting screws (Figure 4-3), then slide the top cover off the
back of the Gatekeeper.
3 Remove the two chassis mounting screws (front corner and back) securing the card cage.
See figure 4-4.
4 Being careful to maintain slack in the power cables, lift the card cage up and over so
it rests alongside the chassis.
5 Remove the screw that secures the NIC board to the chassis at the back of the Gatekeeper.
6 Remove the NIC board from the midplane.
7 To replace the NIC board, verify NIC configuration.
8 Install the new NIC board by following steps 1-4 in reverse order and sense. That is,
a. Attach NIC to its midplane socket.
b. Secure NIC to rear of chassis with screw.
c. Reinstall card cage (2 screws). Make sure the power cables are securely attached.
d. Replace top cover (7 screws).
e. (Two people are needed.) Replace Gatekeeper in its rack enclosure.
Hard Drive Removal/Replacement
1 Remove the Gatekeeper from the rack enclosure (two people are needed). Follow the
procedure “Disconnecting Cables and Removal from Enclosure” presented above.
Summary: after powering down the unit and disconnecting all power and signal cables,
remove its rack-mounting screws and have two people lift the unit out of the rack.
2 Remove the top cover from the Gatekeeper by removing the seven cover mounting
screws located at the back of the Gatekeeper. See figure 4-3.
3 Disconnect the power and data cables from the back of the hard drive.
4 Remove the three screws that secure the hard drive to the drive chassis. You must lift the
card cage out of the chassis to gain access to the third screw.
5 Remove the hard drive by sliding it straight out the front of the drive chassis.
6 To install a new hard drive, follow steps 1-5 in reverse order and sense. That is,
a. Slide the hard drive straight back into the drive chassis.
b. Replace drive/chassis mounting screws(3).
c. Reconnect two cables (data and power).
d. Reinstall the card cage and secure it with two screws.
e. Replace top cover (7 screws).
f. (Two people are needed.) Reinstall Gatekeeper in rack enclosure.
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter 5 - Hardware Removal/Replacement
Floppy Disk Drive Removal/Replacement
1 Remove the Gatekeeper from rack enclosure (two people are needed). Follow the
procedure “Disconnecting Cables and Removal from Enclosure” presented above.
Summary: after powering down the unit and disconnecting all power and signal cables,
employ two people to remove its rack-mounting screws and lift the unit out of the rack.
2 Remove the top cover from the Gatekeeper by removing the seven cover mounting
screws located in the back of the Gatekeeper. See figure 4-3.
3 Remove the two chassis mounting screws from the card cage. See figure 4-4.
4 Being careful to maintain slack in the power cables, lift the card cage, including fan
housing, up and over so that it rests along side the chassis.
5 Disconnect the power and data cables from the back of the floppy disk drive.
6 Remove the four screws securing the floppy drive to the drive chassis.
7 Open the front door and remove floppy drive by sliding it out the front of the drive chassis.
8 To install a new floppy drive, follow steps 1-7 in reverse order and sense. That is,
a. Open front door and insert floppy drive into drive chassis.
b. Attach floppy drive to drive chassis (4 screws).
c. Reconnect power and data cables to floppy drive.
Note: Before installing card cage, make sure power connectors from power supply to midplane
are fully connected (Figure 4-5b).
d. Reinstall the card cage and attach it to chassis (2 screws).
e. Replace top cover (7 screws).
f. (Two people are needed.) Reinstall Gatekeeper in rack enclosure.
CD ROM Drive Removal/Replacement
1 Remove the Gatekeeper from rack enclosure (two people are needed). Follow the
procedure “Disconnecting Cables and Removal from Enclosure” presented above.
Summary: after powering down the unit and disconnecting all power and signal cables,
employ two people to remove its rack-mounting screws and lift the unit out of the rack.
2 Remove the top cover from the Gatekeeper by removing the seven cover mounting
screws located in the back of the Gatekeeper. See figure 4-3.
3 Remove the two chassis mounting screws from the card cage. See figure 4-4.
4 Being careful to maintain slack in the power cables, lift the card cage, including fan
housing, up and over so that it can rest alongside the chassis.
5 Disconnect the power and data cables from the back of the CD ROM drive.
6 Remove the four screws securing the CD ROM drive to the drive chassis.
7 Open the front door and remove CD ROM drive by sliding it out the front of the drive
chassis.
8 To install a new CD ROM drive, follow steps 1-7 in reverse order and sense. That is,
a. Open front door and replace CDROM drive in drive chassis.
b. Attach CD ROM to drive chassis (4 screws).
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
33
c. Reconnect power and data cables to CD ROM drive.
Note: Before installing card cage, make sure power connectors from power supply
to midplane are fully connected (Figure 4-5b).
d. Reinstall the card cage and attach it to chassis (2 screws).
e. Replace top cover (7 screws).
f. (Two people are needed.) Reinstall Gatekeeper in rack enclosure.
Power Supply Removal/Replacement
The card cage has to be removed in order to disconnect the power wiring before the power supply can
be removed.
1 Remove the Gatekeeper from rack enclosure (two people are needed). Follow the
procedure “Disconnecting Cables and Removal from Enclosure” presented above.
Summary: after powering down the unit and disconnecting all power and signal cables,
remove its rack-mounting screws and employ two people to lift the unit out of the rack.
2 Remove the top cover from the Gatekeeper by removing the seven cover mounting
screws located in the back of the Gatekeeper. See figure 4-3.
3 Remove the screw that holds the ground wire by the power switch.
4 Disconnect wires going to the power switch. Take note of which color wires are attached
to which connectors on the switch.
5 Remove the three power supply mounting screws from the back of the Gatekeeper.
6 Remove two screws and nuts that attach the power supply to the Gatekeeper chassis.
7 Remove the power supply from the chassis.
8 To install a new power supply, follow steps 1-7 in reverse order and sense.
a. Position the power supply in the chassis.
b. Attach power supply to chassis floor (2 screws and nuts).
c. Attach power supply to back of Gatekeeper chassis (3 screws)
d. Reattach power cables to hard drive, floppy drive, CDROM drive, and CPU fan.
e. Reattach power cabling to card cage.
g. Reattach power switch wires and ground wires.
h. Replace top cover (7 screws).
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter
6 Troubleshooting
Introduction
This section provides a variety of approaches should the Gatekeeper fail to operate properly. Your
Gatekeeper was tested thoroughly at the factory before it was shipped. If you are unable to make a
successful connection, it is possible that the Gatekeeper is defective. However, it is more likely that the
source of your problem lies elsewhere. As with any microcomputer product, start with simple hardware
and software problems and work toward more complex problems (e.g., operating system and/or
applications).
Hardware Troubleshooting
The following material addresses some of the typical problems and provides some basic solutions. If a
problem arises while you are in an application, see the software documentation.
• No Video
— Verify that power is ON (LED in power switch is lit).
— Verify that the SBC and NIC adapter board are connected properly.
Note: Make sure to turn power OFF to reconnect boards.
— Verify that monitor is turned ON, power is connected to monitor, and video cable is
connected to video connector on SBC.
— Verify that the two (or four) 72-pin memory SIMMs are connected properly on the SBC.
The SIMMs must be the same brand, type, size, and speed.
— Disconnect all cables (except the video cable) from the SBC and NIC board, then power
ON the Gatekeeper . If the Gatekeeper now has video, then there is a problem with one
of the cables or one of the peripherals. Try each cable, one at a time, to isolate the bad
cable or peripheral.
— Verify that blower fans are running. If power is on and a fan is stopped, check to be sure
power connectors from power supply to midplane are fully connected and in their proper
orientation, as shown on Figure TBD.
— If problem persists, contact MultiTech's Technical Support department (see Chapter
TBD).
• SBC does not boot correctly or hangs after video appears
— Run BIOS Setup Utility to verify correct configuration for system and drives (i.e., press
DEL key as system boots to enter BIOS Setup).
— If boot PROM is used, verify that network and NIC board are configured properly to see
the network.
— Verify that SBC and NIC board are seated properly in backplane.
Note: Make sure to turn power off to reconnect boards.
— Drive cables are not connected properly or parameters are not set properly in setup.
— If a non-bootable diskette is in the floppy drive, remove it and try booting
again.
— Verify that enough memory is installed to load the intended applications.
— Verify that two (or four) 72-pin SIMMs are seated properly on the SBC. The SIMMs must
be the same brand, type, size and speed.
— Remove NIC board. If system boots then, there was a conflict with the NIC board.
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter 6 - Troubleshooting
— If problem persists, contact MultiTech's Technical Support department (see Chapter 6).
• COM1, COM2, or LPT1 port does not respond correctly
— Check Setup configuration and verify that the ports are enabled.
— Check that cables are connected properly and peripherals are powered ON and
configured properly.
— If problem persists, contact MultiTech's Technical Support department (see Chapter 6).
• Keyboard does not respond to key strokes
— Verify that the keyboard cable is plugged into the left round connector on the SBC.
— If a PS/2 keyboard adapter is used to adapt a large 5-pin DIN to a small 6-PIN PS/2 DIN
connector, verify that it is not defective or the wrong type.
— Verify that the keyboard works properly on a different system.
— If problem persists, contact MultiTech's Technical Support department (see Chapter 6).
• Gatekeeper fails during prolonged operation
— A power “glitch” may have occurred.
— Check for overheating by verifying that all fans are operating, including two blowers in
the front part of the card cage, CPU fanned-heatsink, and the power supply internal fan.
— Verify that air vents surrounding the chassis are not blocked.
— Verify that the room housing the Gatekeeper is not overly warm.
— Check for possible power surges from other equipment in the room and/or building.
— Verify that SBC and NIC board are operating reliably.
— Verify that there is not a buildup of dust inside the Gatekeeper.
— Check the event viewer in Windows NT Server for errors occurring in the system,
security, or application logs.
• Invalid Time, Date or Setup
— Battery is failing.
— Last system boot was incomplete. Verify in Setup that configuration is correct, then
reboot system.
— If problem persists, contact MultiTech's Technical Support department (see Chapter 6).
• NIC Board Troubleshooting
If you experience any problems with the NIC board, verify that the appropriate driver is loaded, the
proper grade of cable is used for the network connection, and the supporting hub/switch is working
properly.
1. Make sure the NIC board is fully and firmly seated in the slot connector.
2. Check the length and rating of connecting cables.
3. Make sure the NIC board’s PCI slot is activated at the BIOS level. The CMOS Setup utility in
PCI computers ordinarily provides the option to activate or deactivate PCI slots.
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
37
4. Replace the NIC board in question with a verified “good” unit, then repeat the diagnostic
tests.
5. Install the questioned NIC board in another PCI computer and repeat the diagnostic tests on it
there.
Diagnostic Tests
The Gatekeeper operates like any stand-alone PC and can run almost any off-the-shelf diagnostic
program or checkpoint card. These programs are available at any software re-seller and can quickly
help isolate component failures.
Troubleshooting with Error Messages
This section outlines errors that may occur during system operation and likely remedies for these
problems.This section describes error messages and their use in troubleshooting. Since many errors
can be caused by poor cable connections, you should first verify that all cables are connected firmly to
their proper receptacles. If error messages persist after the recommended adjustments have been
made, contact Multi-Tech Systems for maintenance.
Post Beep: The BIOS generates two beeping (audible) error codes.
(1) A single long beep followed by three short beeps indicates that a video error has occurred and
the BIOS cannot initialize the video screen to display any additional information.
(2) A single long beep sounded repeatedly indicates that a DRAM error has occurred.
CMOS Battery Failure: If the CMOS battery is low or dead, it should be replaced. Replacement
requires soldering. If the clock fails, return the SBC to Multi-Tech Systems for repair.
CMOS Checksum Error: This error indicates that the CMOS has been corrupted, possibly by a weak
battery. Reconfigure the CMOS settings, then check to see if this is a continuous problem.
Disk Boot Failure: When you can‘t find the boot device, insert a system disk into Drive A and press <
Enter >. Make sure that the controller and the cables are in their proper positions and that the hard
drive has been formatted correctly. Then reboot the system. Verify the hard drive and floppy drive
selections in the CMOS Setup.
Diskette Drives Or Types Mismatch Error: When the diskette drive type is different from the
settings specified in CMOS (BIOS Setup), run Setup and re-configure the drive.
Error Encountered Initializing Hard Drive: If you cannot initialize the hard drive, check that the
adapter has been installed correctly and that all cables are correctly and firmly attached. Also be sure
the correct hard-drive type has been selected in the BIOS Setup.
Error Initializing Hard Disk Controller: When this error occurs, check to see that the cable
connecting the hard drive to the motherboard is seated properly in its receptacle. Make sure the correct
hard-drive type has been selected in the BIOS Setup. Also, check to see that all of the jumpers in the
hard drive unit have been set correctly.
Floppy Disk Controller Error or No Controller Present: When you cannot find or initialize the
floppy drive controller, please check that the controller settings in the BIOS Setup screen match the
actual controller being used. If no floppy drives are installed in your PC, be sure the Diskette Drive
field of the Setup screen is set to NONE.
Keyboard Error Or No Keyboard Present: When this error message appears, check to see that
your keyboard is attached properly to its receptacle. Make sure JP6 is jumpered for keyboard. Also, be
sure that no keys are being pressed during the booting process. If you are purposely configuring the
system without a keyboard, set the error halt condition in Setup to HALT ON ALL, BUT KEYBOARD. This
will cause the BIOS to ignore the missing keyboard and continue the boot.
Memory Address Error: If the memory address indicates an error, use the specified location and the
memory map for your system to find and replace the bad memory chips.
Memory Verifying Error : It indicates an error verifying a value already written to memory. Try
reseating the memory SIMMs or replace them one at a time.
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter 6 - Troubleshooting
Offending Address Missing: This message is used in connection with the I/O CHANNEL CHECK and
RAM PARITY ERROR messages when the segment that has caused the problem cannot be isolated.
Reboot Error: When this error occurs, you must reboot. Press any key and the system will reboot.
System Halted: Indicates that the present boot attempt has been aborted and the system must be rebooted. Press and hold down the CTRL and ALT keys and press DEL.
Calling Technical Support
For immediate help in finding and fixing Gatekeeper problems, record the error condition and call MultiTech's Technical Support department (800-972-2439).
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
39
Chapter
7 Service, Warranty, and
Technical Support
Introduction
This chapter starts out with statements about your Gatekeeper 2-year warranty. The next section, Tech
Support, should be read carefully if you have questions or problems with your Gatekeeper. It includes
the technical support phone numbers, space for recording your product information, and an explanation
of how to send in your Gatekeeper should you require service. The final section explains how to receive
support from the Internet.
Limited Warranty
Multi-Tech Systems, Inc., (hereafter “MTS”) warrants that its products will be free from defects in
material or workmanship for a period of two years from date of purchase, or if proof of purchase is not
provided, two years from date of shipment.
MTS MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AND ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED.
This warranty does not apply to any products which have been damaged by lightning storms, water, or
power surges or which have been neglected, altered, abused, used for a purpose other than the one
for which they were manufactured, repaired by Customer or any party without MTS’s written
authorization, or used in any manner inconsistent with MTS’s instructions.
MTS’s entire obligation under this warranty shall be limited (at MTS’s option) to repair or replacement
of any products which prove to be defective within the warranty period or, at MTS’s option, issuance of
a refund of the purchase price. Defective products must be returned by Customer to MTS’s factory —
transportation prepaid.
MTS WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, AND UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES WILL ITS
LIABILITY EXCEED THE PRICE FOR DEFECTIVE PRODUCTS.
Addendum for North American Products
In the event that service is required, products can be shipped, freight prepaid, to our Mounds View,
Minnesota, factory (Multi-Tech Systems, Inc., 2205 Woodale Drive, Mounds View, MN 55112,
Attn: Repairs, Serial #_____). A Returned Materials Authorization (RMA) is not required. Return
shipping charges (surface) will be paid by MTS. Please include, inside the shipping box, a description of
the problem, a return shipping address (must have street address, not P.O. Box), a telephone number,
and if the product is out of warranty, a check or purchase order for repair charges.
Extended two-year overnight replacement agreements are available for selected products. Please refer
to our Overnight Replacement Agreement for details on rates and coverages. Please direct your
questions regarding technical matters, product configuration, verification that the product is defective,
etc., to our Technical Support department at 1-800-972-2439.
Please direct your questions regarding repair expediting, receiving, shipping, billing, etc., to our Repair
Accounting department at (800) 328-9717 or (763) 785-3500.
Repairs for damages caused by lightning storms, water, power surges, incorrect installation, physical
abuse, or user-caused damages are billed on a time-plus-materials basis.
Addendum for International Products
Distributors should contact Amex, Inc., for information about the repairs for your Multi-Tech product.
Amex, Inc.
2724 Summer Street NE Minneapolis, MN 55413
U.S.A. Tel: (763) 331-3251
Fax: (763) 331-3180
Please direct your questions regarding technical matters, product configuration, verification that the
product is defective, etc., to our Technical Support department nearest you. When calling the U.S.,
please direct your questions regarding repair expediting, receiving, shipping, billing, etc., to our Repair
Accounting department at (763) 785-3500 in the U.S.A., or a nearby Multi-Tech office which is listed on
the “Multi-Tech Corporate Offices” sheet in this International Distributor Resource Kit.
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Chapter 7 - Service, Warranty, & Technical Support
Repairs for damages caused by lightning storms, water, power surges, incorrect installation, physical
abuse, or Out of Warranty Repair Costs
Refer to Multi-Tech System's Web site at http://www.multitech.com for information about out of
warranty repair costs.
Service
If your tech support specialist decides that service is required, your Gatekeeper can be sent (freight
prepaid) to our factory. Return shipping charges will be paid by Multi-Tech Systems.
Include the following with your Gatekeeper:
•
a description of the problem
•
return billing and return shipping addresses
•
contact name and phone number
•
check or purchase order number for payment if the Gatekeeper is out of warranty (Check with
your technical support specialist for the standard repair charge for your Gatekeeper)
•
if possible, note the name of the technical support specialist with whom you spoke
If you need to inquire about the status of the returned product, be prepared to provide the serial
number of the product sent.
Send your Gatekeeper to this address:
MULTI-TECH SYSTEMS, INC.
2205 WOODALE DRIVE
MOUNDS VIEW, MINNESOTA 55112
ATTN: SERVICE OR REPAIRS
You should also check with the supplier of your Gatekeeper on the availability of local service and/or
loaner units in your part of the country.
Ordering Accessories
SupplyNet, Inc. supplies replacement transformers, cables and connectors for select Multi-Tech
products. You can place an order with SupplyNet via mail, phone, fax or the Internet at:
Mail:
SupplyNet, Inc.
614 Corporate Way
Valley Cottage, NY 10989
Phone:
800 826-0279
Fax:
914 267-2420
Email:
info@thesupplynet.com
Internet: http://www.thesupplynet.com
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
43
Tech Support
Multi-Tech has an excellent staff of technical support personnel available to help you get the most out
of your Multi-Tech product. If you have any questions about the operation of this unit, call 1-800-9722439. Please fill out the Gatekeeper information (below), and have it available when you call. If your
Gatekeeper requires service, the tech support specialist will guide you on how to send in your
Gatekeeper (refer to the next section).
Recording Gatekeeper Information
Please fill in the following information on your Multi-Tech Gatekeeper. This will help tech support in
answering your questions. (The same information is requested on the Warranty Registration Card.)
Model No.: _________________________
Serial No.: _________________________
Software Version: ____________________
The model and serial numbers are on the bottom of your Gatekeeper.
Please note status of your Gatekeeper including LED indicators, screen messages, diagnostic test
results, problems with a specific application, etc. Use the space below to note the Gatekeeper status:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
About the Internet
Multi-Tech’s presence includes a Web site at:
http://www.multitech.com
and an ftp site at:
ftp://ftp.multitech.com
Appendices
Appendix A - Connector Pinouts
This appendix provides specifications for the various connectors located at the back of the Gatekeeper
(i.e., on the SBC board and the NIC board). Also included are the onboard connectors and jumpers on
the SBC board.
SBC Connectors
VGA 15-Pin Connector
This connector, mounted on the SBC board, provides video analog data and horizontal and vertical
synchronization signals for VGA monitors.
1
5
10
6
11
15
Figure A-1. 15-Pin VGA Connector
Pin Identification
PinDescription
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Analog Red
Analog Green
Analog Blue
VESA Monitor Status Bit 2
Digital Ground
Digital Ground
Digital Ground
Digital Ground
NC
Digital Ground
VESA Monitor Status Bit 0
VESA Monitor Status Bit 1
Horizontal Sync
Vertical Sync
NC
9-Pin DB9 (COM 1) Connector
This connector, also mounted on the SBC board, provides its COM 1 serial port connection, which is
generally used to connect a mouse to the SBC board.
46
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Appendix A - Connector Pinouts
The same type connector, mounted on an adapter and cabled to the SBC board, is used for COM 2 in
this system.
5
1
6
9
Figure A-2. 9-Pin DB9 COM 1 (or COM 2) Connector
Pin Identification
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Description
DCD
RX Data
TX Data
DTR
Ground
DSR
RTS
CTS
RI
6-Pin Circular Jack
This connector is used to connect the keyboard to the SBC board.
5
6
4
3
2
1
Figure A-3. 6-Pin Mini-DIN Keyboard Connector
Pin Identification
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
Description
+Keyboard Data
NC
GND
+5V DC
+Keyboard Clock
NC
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
47
25-Pin DB25 (LPT 1) Connector
This female connector, mounted on an adapter and cabled to the SBC board, is used for parallel port
LPT 1 (i.e., printer port) in this system.
Note: Top row (left to right) = Pins 1 - 13; bottom row = 14 - 25.
Figure A-4. 25-Pin DB25 LPT1 Parallel (Printer) Connector
Pin Identification
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
48
Description
-Strobe
+Data Bit 0
+Data Bit 1
+Data Bit 2
+Data Bit 3
+Data Bit 4
+Data Bit 5
+Data Bit 6
+Data Bit 7
-Acknowledge
+Busy
+Paper End
+Select
-Auto Feed
- Error
-Initialize Printer
-Select Input
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Appendix A - Connector Pinouts
NIC Board Connector
RJ-45 Connector
This connector ties the NIC board to a 10BaseT network.
1
8
Figure A-5. RJ-45 Connector (viewed from connector side)
Pin Identification
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Description
+ Transmit Data
- Transmit Data
+ Receive Data
No Connect
No Connect
-Receive Data
No Connect
No Connect
SBC Onboard Connectors
Figure A-6 displays component locations on the SBC board.
VGA
COM 1
JP7
JP11
KBL JP6 EXKB
Real Time
Clock
USB
PC-104
VRAM
JP10
JP13
GND
HDL
Flash
BIOS
VRAM
KB
BIOS
FDD
IDE 1
IDE 2
KB/
Mouse
Flash
Disk
SIO
JP12
JP14
Panel
SPK
PRT
COM
2
PWR
RST
Chipset
JP4
JP
9
JP2 JP
3
6xx86
CPU
JP
8
JP1
Chipset
SIMM 1
SIMM 2
SIMM 3
SIMM 4
Figure A-6. Connector, Jumper and Component Locations on the SBC Board
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
49
##?## begin insert ##?##
34-Pin Floppy Disk Drive Connector
This connector provides signal and data connection between the floppy drive and the SBC board.
2
34
1
33
Figure A-7. Floppy Disk Connector
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Description
Ground
RPM/RWC
Ground
Not Used
Ground
Not Used
Ground
Index
Ground
Motor Enable 1
Ground
Drive Select 2
Ground
Drive Select 1
Ground
Motor Enable 2
Ground
Pin
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
Description
Direction (Stepper Motor)
Ground
Step Pulse
Ground
Write Data
Ground
Write Enable
Ground
Track 0
Ground
Write Protect
Ground
Read Data
Ground
Select Head
Ground
/DCHNG
Printer Port Connector
This 25-pin connector provides parallel printer data and control signals to and from the SBC board.
2
26
1
25
Figure A-8. Printer Port Connector
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
50
Description
-Strobe
+Data Bit 0
+Data Bit 1
+Data Bit 2
+Data Bit 3
+Data Bit 4
+Data Bit 5
+Data Bit 6
+Data Bit 7
Pin
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18-25
Description
-Acknowledge
+Busy
+Paper End
+Select
-Auto Feed
-Error
-Initialize Printer
-Select Input
Ground
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Appendix A - Connector Pinouts
COM 2 Port Connector
This 10-pin connector transfers serial data to and from the COM 2 port.
2
10
1
9
Figure A-9. COM 2 Port Connector
PinSignal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Name (Direction)
Carrier Detect (Input)
Data Set Ready (Input)
Receive Data (Input)
Request To Send (Output)
Transmit Data (Output)
Clear To Send (Input)
Data Terminal Ready (Output)
Ring Indicator
Signal Ground
Unused
Hard Disk Connector
This connector supplies hard disk drive signals which interface with the software I/O drivers to provide
the read/write functions.
2
40
1
39
Figure A-10. Hard Disk Connector
Pin Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
/Reset
Ground (GND)
Data Bit 7 (SD7)
Data Bit 8 (SD8)
Data Bit 6 (SD6)
Data Bit 9 (SD9)
Data Bit 5 (SD5)
Data Bit 10 (SD10)
Data Bit 4 (SD4)
Data Bit 11 (SD11)
Data Bit 3 (SD3)
Data Bit 12 (SD12)
Data Bit 2 (SD2)
Data Bit 13 (SD13)
Data Bit 1 (SD1)
Data Bit 14 (SD14)
Data Bit 0 (SD0)
Data Bit 15 (SD15)
Ground (GND)
NC
Pin
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Description
NC
Ground (GND)
-I/O Write (-IOW)
Ground (GND)
-I/O Read (-IOR)
Ground (GND)
IOCHRDY
ALE\
NC
Ground (GND)
IRQ14
/IOCS16
Address Bit 1 (SA1)
NC
Address Bit 0 (SA0)
Address Bit 2 (SA2)
Chip Select 0 (-CS0)
Chip Select 1 (-CS1)
/HDLED
Ground (GND)
##?## end insert ##?##
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
51
COM2 Connector
5
COM2
1
6
10
Figure A-11. COM2 Connector
The COM2 Connector assignments are as follows:
PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
SIGNAL FUNCTION
RS-232
DCD
RX
TX
DTR
GND
DSR
RTS
CTS
RI
NC
RS-422
TXTX+
RX+
RXGND
RTSRTS+
CTS+
CTSNC
RS-485
DATADATA+
NC
NC
GND
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
External Keyboard Connector
EXKB : external keyboard connector
EXKB
1
Figure A-12. External Keyboard Connector
The pin assignments are as follows:
PIN
1
2
3
4
5
SIGNAL FUNCTION
KBCLK
KBDATA
NC
GND
Vcc
Reset Connector
1
JP10
JP10 : Reset Connector.
Figure A-13. Reset Connector
The pin assignments are as follows:
PIN
1
2
SIGNAL FUNCTION
Reset
Ground
Floppy Disk Drive Connector
33
1
34
2
FDD
Figure A-14. Floppy Disk Drive Connector
FDD : Floppy Disk Drive Connector
The pin assignments are as follows:
52
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Appendix A - Connector Pinouts
PIN
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
SIGNAL F’N PIN
GND
2
GND
4
GND
6
GND
8
GND
10
GND
12
GND
14
GND
16
GND
18
GND
20
GND
22
GND
24
GND
26
GND
28
GND
30
GND
32
GND
34
Hard drive Connector
SIGNAL FUNCTION
RPM
NC
RATE0
INDEX
MTR0
DRV1
DRV0
MTR1
DIR
STEP
WDATA
WGATE
TRK0
WRPRT
RDATA
SEL
DSKCHG
39
1
40
2
IDE1
Figure A-15. Hard drive Connector for IDE1
IDE1: Hard drive Connector
The Gatekeeper has two HDD connectors, IDE1 and IDE2. The pin assignments are as follows:
PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
SIGNAL FUNCTION
IDERST
GND
IDED7
IDED8
IDED6
IDED9
IDED5
IDED10
IDED4
IDED11
IDED3
IDED12
IDED2
IDED13
IDED1
IDED14
IDED0
IDED15
GND
N.C.
PIN
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
SIGNAL FUNCTION
IDEREQ0
GND
IDEIOW
GND
IDEIOR
GND
IDERDY
PULL HI
IDEACK0
GND
IRQ14
IOCS16
IDEA1
GND
IDEA0
IDEA2
IDECS1P
IDECS3P
IDELEDP
GND
39
1
40
2
IDE2
Figure A-16. Hard drive Connector for IDE2
IDE2: Hard drive Connector
The pin assignments are as follows:
PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
SIGNAL F’N
IDERST
GND
IDED7
IDED8
IDED6
IDED9
IDED5
IDED10
IDED4
IDED11
IDED3
IDED12
IDED2
IDED13
IDED1
PIN
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
SIGNAL FUNCTION
IDEREQ1
GND
IDEIOW
GND
IDEIOR
GND
IDERDY
PULL HI
IDEACK1
GND
IDESIRQ
IOCS16
IDEA1
GND
IDEA0
53
16
17
18
19
20
IDED14
IDED0
IDED15
GND
N.C.
36
37
38
39
40
IDEA2
IDECS1S
IDECS3S
IDELEDS
GND
Hard drive LED Connector
1
HDL
Figure A-17. Hard Drive LED Connector
HDL : Hard driver LED Connector (on Motherboard)
The pin assignments are as follows:
PIN
1
2
3
4
SIGNAL FUNCTION
Vcc
HDD Active Signal
HDD Active Signal
Vcc
Power LED & Keylock Connector
1
KBL
Figure A-18. Power LED and Keylock Connector
KBL : Power LED & keylock Connector (on Motherboard)
The pin assignments are as follows:
PIN
1
2
3
4
5
SIGNAL FUNCTION
Power LED
NC
Ground
Keyboard INT
Ground
5
6
7
8
GND
GND
GND
GND
13
14
15
HSYNC
VSYNC
NC
Power Connector
1
6
PWR
PWR : Power Connector
Figure A-19. Power Connector
The pin assignments are as follow :
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MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Appendix A - Connector Pinouts
PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6
SIGNAL FUNCTION
NC
+5V
+12V
-12V
GND
GND
Printer Connector
13
1
26
14
PRT
PRT : Printer Connector
Figure A-20. Printer Connector
As to link the Printer to the card, you need a cable to connect both DB25 connector and parallel port.
The pin assignments are as follows:
PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
SIGNAL F’N PIN
STB
14
P0
15
P1
16
P2
17
P3
18
P4
19
P5
20
P6
21
P7
22
ACK
23
BUSY
24
PE
25
SLCT
26
SIGNAL FUNCTION
AUTFE
ERROR
INIT
SLCTIN
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
NC
External Speaker Connector
1
SPK
Figure A-21. External Speaker Connector
SPK : External Speaker Connector
The pin assignments are as follows:
PIN
1
2
3
4
SIGNAL FUNCTION
Vcc
Ground
NC
Speaker Signal
Expansion Slots
This appendix presents the pin assignments for the PC-104 connector, the ISA bus, and the PCI bus.
PC-104 CONNECTOR PIN ASSIGNMENT
104AB, 104CD : PC-104 Connector
B32
B1
A32
A1
104AB
C1
D1
C32
D32
Figure A-22. PC104 Connector
The PC-104 can support multiple PC-104 modules. This card has two connectors : one (104AB) consists
of 64 pins; the other one (104CD) consists of 40 pins, both are dual-in-line headers.
The pin assignments for connectors 104AB & 104CD are as follows:
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
55
104AB
Pin
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
A11
A12
A13
A14
A15
A16
A17
A18
A19
A20
A21
A22
A23
A24
A25
A26
A27
A28
A29
A30
A31
A32
Assignment
IOCHK
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
iOCHRDY
AEN
A19
A18
A17
A16
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
GND
104CD
Pin Assignment Pin Assignment Pin Assignment
B1
GND
D1
GND
GND
C1
B2
D2 MEMCS16
RESET
SBHE
C2
B3
IOCS16
D3
VCC
LA23
C3
B4
IRQ10
D4
IRQ9
LA22
C4
B5
IRQ11
D5
-5V
LA21
C5
B6
IRQ12
D6
DRQ2
LA20
C6
B7
IRQ15
D7
-12V
LA19
C7
B8
IRQ14
D8
OWS
LA18
C8
B9
DACK0
D9
+12V
LA17
C9
B10
DRQ0
D10
GND
MEMR
C10
B11 SMEMW C11
D11 DACK5
MEMW
B12 SMEMR
DRQ5
D12
D8
C12
B13
D13 DACK6
IOW
D9
C13
B14
DRQ6
D14
IOR
D10
C14
B15
D15 DACK7
DACK3
D11
C15
B16
DRQ7
D16
DRQ3
D12
C16
B17
+5V
D17
DACK1
D13
C17
B18
D18 MASTER
DRQ1
D14
C18
B19 REFRESH C19
GND
D19
D15
B20
GND
CLK
C20 KEY PIN D20
B21
IRQ7
B22
IRQ6
B23
IRQ5
B24
IRQ4
B25
IRQ3
B26
DACK2
B27
T/C
B28
BALE
B29
VCC
B30
OSC
B31
GND
B32
GND
Figure A-23. PC-104 Pin Assignments
ISA Bus Pin Assignments
There are two edge connectors on this CPU Card. The one closest to the edge bracket is the ISA bus
connector; the other is the PCI bus connector. The ISA-bus connector is divided into two sets : one
consists of 62 pins; the other consists of 36 pins.
A31
COMPONENT SIDE
B31
C18
C1
D18
D1
A1
B1
Figure A-24. ISA Bus Connector
The pin assignments are as follows:
Pin Assignment Pin Assignment Pin Assignment Pin Assignment
-IOCHK
A1
GND
D1 -MEMCS16 C1
B1
SBHE
SD07
A2
C2
RESET
-IOCS16
D2
B2
LA23
SD06
A3
C3
VCC
IRQ10
D3
B3
LA22
SD05
A4
C4
IRQ9
IRQ11
D4
B4
LA21
SD04
A5
C5
-5V
IRQ12
D5
B5
LA20
SD03
A6
C6
DRQ2
IRQ15
D6
B6
LA19
SD02
A7
-12V
C7
IRQ14
D7
B7
LA18
SD01
A8
OWS
-DACK0
C8
D8
B8
LA17
SD00
A9
+12V
DRQ0
C9
D9
B9
MEMR
A10 -IOCHRDY D10 -DACK5 C10 MEMW
GND
B10
AEN
DRQ5
D11
B11 -SMEMW A11
C11
SD08
SA19
D12 -DACK6 C12
B12 -SMEMR A12
SD09
SA18
A13
-IOW
DRQ6
D13
B13
C13
SD10
SA17
A14
-IOR
D14 -DACK7 C14
B14
SD11
SA16
A15
-DACK3
DRQ7
D15
B15
C15
SD12
SA15
A16
-DRQ3
+5V
D16
B16
C16
SD13
SA14
A17
-DACK1
D17 -MASTER C17
B17
SD14
SA13
A18
-DRQ1
GND
D18
B18
C18
SD15
SA12
B19 -REFRESH A19
SA11
A20
BCLK
B20
SA10
A21
IRQ7
B21
SA09
A22
IRQ6
B22
SA08
A23
IRQ5
B23
SA07
A24
IRQ4
B24
SA06
A25
IRQ3
B25
SA05
A26
-DACK2
B26
SA04
A27
T/C
B27
SA03
A28
BALE
B28
SA02
A29
+5V
B29
SA01
A30
OSC
B30
SA00
A31
GND
B31
Figure A-25. ISA Bus Pin Assignments
56
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Appendix A - Connector Pinouts
PCI Bus Pin Assignments
Like the ISA-BUS connector, the PCI-BUS edge connector is also divided into two parts: one consists of
98 pins; the other consists of 22 pins. The standard of PCI-MG 32-bit PCI-ISA connector contains 218
pins in total.
COMPONENT SIDE
F49
F62
F52
E62
E52 E49
F1
E1
Figure A-26. PCI Bus Connector
The pin assignments are as follows:
Pin
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
F10
F11
F12
F13
F14
F15
F16
F17
F18
F19
F20
F21
F22
F23
F24
F25
F26
F27
F28
F29
F30
F
Assignment
-12V
TCK
GND
TDO
+5V
+5V
INTB#
INTD#
REQ3#
REQ1#
GNT3#
GND
GND
CLKA
GND
CLKB
GND
REQ0#
+5V(I/O)
AD31
AD29
GND
AD27
AD25
+3.3V
C/BE3#
AD23
GND
AD21
AD19
Pin
E1
E2
E3
E4
E5
E6
E7
E8
E9
E10
E11
E12
E13
E14
E15
E16
E17
E18
E19
E20
E21
E22
E23
E24
E25
E26
E27
E28
E29
E30
E
Assignment
TRST#
+12V
TMS
TDI
+5V
INTA#
INTC#
+5V
CLKC
+5V(I/O)
CLKD
GND
GND
GNT1#
RST#
+5V(I/O)
GNT0#
GND
REQ2#
AD30
+3.3V
AD28
AD26
GND
AD24
GNT2#
+3.3V
AD22
AD20
GND
Pin
F31
F32
F33
F34
F35
F36
F37
F38
F39
F40
F41
F42
F43
F44
F45
F46
F47
F48
F49
F52
F53
F54
F55
F56
F57
F58
F59
F60
F61
F62
F
Assignment
+3.3V
AD17
C/BE2#
GND
IRDY#
+3.3V
DEVSEL#
GND
LOCK#
PERR#
+3.3V
SERR#
+3.3V
C/BE1#
AD14
GND
AD12
AD10
GND
AD08
AD07
+3.3V
AD05
AD03
GND
AD01
+5V(I/O)
ACK64#
+5V
+5V
Pin
E31
E32
E33
E34
E35
E36
E37
E38
E39
E40
E41
E42
E43
E44
E45
E46
E47
E48
E49
E52
E53
E54
E55
E56
E57
E58
E59
E60
E61
E62
E
Assignment
AD18
AD16
+3.3V
FRAME#
GND
TRDY#
GND
STOP#
+3.3V
SDONE
SB0#
GND
PAR
AD15
+3.3V
AD13
AD11
GND
AD09
C/BE0#
+3.3V
AD06
AD04
GND
AD02
AD00
+5V(I/O)
REQ64#
+5V
+5V
Figure A-27. PCI Pin Assignments
How to Set Jumpers
Jumpers and Caps. Your PC is configured by the positions of jumpers on the circuit board. A jumper
consists of two or more metal pins with a plastic base mounted on the card. A small plastic “cap” (with
a metal contact inside) is used to connect the pins. For two-pin jumpers, the active value for userchangeable parameters depends on jumper pins being closed (electrically connected by a cap) or open
(not electrically connected). For parameters having more than two values, groups of jumpers (or
“jumper blocks”) are used to determine the active value. For example, if a jumper has three pins
labeled PIN1, PIN2, and PIN3, you can use a jumper cap to connect PIN1 & PIN2 to activate one value
for the parameter. Connecting PIN2 and PIN3 would activate another value.
This manual contains many illustrations of jumper configurations. Jumper caps are depicted as shaded
boxes connecting pairs of pins on jumper blocks
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
57
Jumper Settings
The SBC is equipped with a 233 MHz Pentium CPU with MMX. Its JP7 jumper settings for RS-422 and
RS-485 are shown below.
1
2
23 24
JP7
Figure A-28. RS-422 at COM2
1
2
23 24
JP7
Figure A-29. RS-485 at COM2
*** Factory default = RS-232 (no jumpers).
AT Keyboard / PS2 Mouse Selection
JP6 : AT keyboard / PS2 mouse selection
The jumper settings are as follows:
1
2
5
6
JP6
Figure A-30. AT Keyboard Jumper (Default)
58
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Appendix A - Connector Pinouts
1
2
5
6
JP6
Note: Jumpers JP8 and JP9 are used to set the CPU core voltage.
CPU TYPE & CLOCK SELECTION
JP2 : Bus Frequency Ratio Selection
JP4 : CPU Clock Selection
+
Figure A-31. PS2 Mouse Jumper
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
59
Appendix B - SBC Mapping Parameters
This appendix presents mappings of six parameter sets:
Interrupts
RTC & CMOS RAM Assignments
Timer Channels
DMA Channels
Memory Functions
Input/Output Functions
Table B-1. Interrupt Map
IRQ
60
Assignme nt
0
System TIMER interrupt from Timer-0
1
Keyboard output buffer full
2
Cascade for IRQ 8-15
3
Serial Port 2
4
Serial Port 1
5
Parallel Port 2
6
Floppy Disk Adapter
7
Parallel Port 1
8
RTC Clock
9
Available
10
Available
11
Available
12
Available
13
Math Co-Processor
14
Hard Disk Adapter
15
Available
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Appendix B - SBC Mapping Parameters
Table B-2. RTC & CMOS Map
Code
Assignme nt
00
Seconds
01
Second Alarm
02
Minutes
03
Minute Alarm
04
Hours
05
Hours Alarm
06
Day of Week
07
Day of Month
08
Month
09
Year
0A
Status Register A
0B
Status Register B
0C
Status Register C
0D
Status Register D
0E
Diagnostic Status Byte
0F
Shutdow n Byte
10
Floppy Disk Drive Type Byte
11
Reserved
12
Hard Disk Drive Type Byte
13
Reserved
14
Equipment Byte
15
Base Memory Low Byte
16
Base Memory High Byte
17
Extension Memory Low Byte
18
Extension Memory High Byte
30
Reserved for Extension Memory Low Byte
31
Reserved for Extension Memory High Byte
32
Date Century Byte
33
Information Flag
34-3F
Reserved
40-7F
Reserved for Chipset Setting Data
Table B-3. Timer Channels Map
Time r
Channe l
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Assignme nt
0
System Timer Interrupt
1
DRAM Refresh Request
2
Speaker Tone Generator
61
Table B-4. DMA Channels Map
DMA Channe l
Assignme nt
0
Available
1
IBM SDLC
2
Floppy Disk Adapter
3
Channel 3; available
4
Cascade for DMA Controller 1
5
Available
6
Available
7
Available
Table B-5. Memory Map
M e mory M ap
As s ignme nt
0000000- 009FFFF
System memory used by DO S and
application.
00A0000- 00BFFFF
Display buffer memory for
VGA/EGA/CGA/ monochrome adapter.
00E0000- 00EFFFF
Reserved for PCI device RO M
00F0000- 00FFFFF
System BIO S RO M
0100000- FFFFFFF
System extension memory
Table B-6. I/O Map
62
I/O Map
Assignme nt
000-01F
DMA Controller (Master)
020-021
Interrupt Controller (Master)
022-023
Chipset Controller: Registers, I/O Ports
040-05F
Timer Control Registers
060-06F
Keyboard Interface Controller (8042)
070-07F
RTC Ports & CMOS I/O Ports
080-09F
DMA Register
0A0-0BF
Interrupt Controller (slave)
0C0-0DF
DMA Controller (slave)
0F0-0FF
Math Co-Processor
1F0-1F8
Hard Disk Controller
278-27F
Parallel Port 2
2B0-2DF
Graphics Adapter Controller
2F8-2FF
Serial Port 2
360-36F
Netw ork Ports
378-37F
Parallel Port 1
3B0-3BF
Monochrome & Printer Adapter
3C0-3CF
EGA Adapter
3D0-3DF
CGA Adapter
3F0-3F7
Floppy Disk Controller
3F8-3FF
Serial Port 1
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Appendix C - SBC Configuration Details
Appendix
C - SBC Configuration Details
Flash BIOS Update
BIOS updates are revised versions of the BIOS that have been modified to remedy known bugs. When
necessary, use the program “Awdflash.exe” on your System CD-ROM to update the system BIOS and
the VGA BIOS. Check periodically with MultiTech to see if a new flash BIOS update is available.
Watchdog Timer Configuration
The watchdog timer does not run constantly. It must be started in DOS Debug mode or from another
application program, customized for this purpose, that runs on the system. The watchdog timer is
especially useful for remote rebooting of the PC.
The watchdog timer is defined at I/O port 0443H. To enable the watchdog timer, write I/O port
0443H, then the system will reset itself. To disable the function, write I/O port 0441H and the system
will stop the Watchdog timer.
Since the timer’s intervals have a tolerance of 25%, you should specify that the timer be refreshed
about once every second. To program your watchdog timer, follow these steps:
Watchdog enable program:
MOV
AX, 000FH
MOV
DX, 0443H
OUT
DX, AX
(choose the values you need; start from 0)
Watchdog disable program:
MOV
AX, 000FH
MOV
DX, 0441H
OUT
DX, AX
(this value can be ignored)
The Watchdog Timer control table is as follows:
Level
Value Time/sec Level
Value
Times/sec
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
F
E
D
C
B
A
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Green PC Function
The Gatekeeper is equipped with a “green function” that enables it to operate using reduced electrical
power when the machine is inactive. When in green mode, the Gatekeeper slows down and shuts down
certain computer functions in order to reduce power consumption. There are three reduced-power
operating modes (presented in order of increasing power savings):
(1) CPU Doze Mode,
(2) System Standby Mode,
(3) System Suspend Mode .
By default, however, the green function is turned off.
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
63
Power Saving Block Diagram
On
d
& en
h p
tc Sus
i
Sw to
al in
rn ol
te ntr
x
o
E C
er
Tim
Ke
y
W
ak
eUp
er
M
ou
se
Ke
yb
oa
rd
/
Suspend
bo
Tim
Co
nt
ar
ro
d/
l in
to
M
ou
se
W
ak
e-
Do
Up
ze
Timer Control
into Standby
Doze
Keyboard/Mouse
Wake-Up
er
m
Ti
C
on
li
tro
o
nt
S
pe
us
nd
Standby
Tim
C
er
on
tro
l
o
int
St
an
d
by
Timer Control into Suspend
Figure C-1: “Power On” & Three Reduced-Power States
CPU Doze Mode
1. After a pre-determined period of inactivity has elapsed, the CPU will slow to 8 MHz.
2. The computer will emit one ‘beep’ sound.
3. The green function will monitor PC activity according to the settings on the Power Management
Setup screen.
4. As soon as any activity occurs, the system will switch from “Doze Mode” to “On Mode.”
System Standby Mode
1. After a predetermined period of inactivity has elapsed, the CPU will slow to 8 MHz.
2. The computer will emit two beeps.
3. The Level 1 cache will be disabled.
4. The VGA monitor will display a blank screen.
5. The hard drive will be powered down.
6. As soon as any activity occurs, the system will switch from “Doze Mode” to “On Mode.”
System Suspend Mode
1. After a pre-determined period of inactivity has elapsed, the CPU will slow to 8 MHz.
2. The computer will emit three beeps.
3. The Level 2 cache will be disabled.
4. The VGA monitor will display a blank screen.
5. The hard drive will be powered down.
6. The green function will monitor PC activity according to the settings on the Power Management
Setup screen.
7. When the system is in Suspend Mode, input from the keyboard, or the mouse, or alarm is required
to wake up the PC.
64
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Appendix C - SBC Configuration Details
Award BIOS Setup
This chapter describes how the BIOS manages the features of your system and explains how to
configure the BIOS in its Setup Menu. The IPC-551 single-board computer is equipped with a system
BIOS chipset from Award Software Inc.
Your application programs (such as word processing, spreadsheets, and games) rely on an operating
system such as DOS or OS/2 to manage such things as keyboard, monitor, disk drives, and memory.
The operating system, in turn, relies on a BIOS (Basic Input and Output system), a program stored on a
ROM (Read-only Memory) chip, to initialize and configure your computer’s hardware. As the interface
between the hardware and the operating system, the BIOS enables you to make basic changes to your
system’s hardware without having to write a new operating system.
The following diagram illustrates the interlocking relationships between the system hardware, BIOS,
operating system, and an application program:
Application Program
Operating System
BIOS
System Hardware
Figure C-2. PC Subsystem Relationships
The Setup program built into the Award BIOS lets users modify the basic system configuration. This
special configuration information is then stored in battery-backed RAM so that the PC retains the Setup
information when the power is turned off.
The Award BIOS is a custom version of an industry standard BIOS. It supports Intel/Cyrix/AMD
processors in a standard IBM-AT compatible input/output system. The BIOS provides critical low-level
support for standard devices such as disk drives and serial and parallel ports.
The Award BIOS has been customized by adding important, but non-standard, features such as virus
and password protection as well as special support for detailed fine-tuning of the chipset that controls
the entire PC system.
Descriptions in this chapter will help you configure your system using the BIOS Setup screens.
Note: MultiTech has pre-set the BIOS before shipping the Gatekeeper. In most cases, the user will not need to change
any BIOS settings. However, if any hardware within the Gatekeeper has been changed, or if the boot sequence has been
changed, the user will need to revise the BIOS accordingly.
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
65
Entering Setup
To enter the BIOS Setup screen, power on the computer and then press the Delete key immediately.
The other way to enter Setup is to power on the computer and then, when the below message appears
briefly at the bottom of the screen during the POST (Power On Self Test), press the Delete key or
simultaneously press <Ctrl>, < Alt >, and < Esc > keys (Control, Alternate, & Escape).
TO ENTER SETUP BEFORE BOOT PRESS <CTRL-ALT-ESC> OR <DEL> KEY
As long as the above message is present on the screen you may press the <Del> key (the one that
shares the decimal point at bottom of the number keypad) to access the Setup program. After a
moment, the main menu of the Award SETUP program will appear on the screen:
ROM / PCI / ISA BIOS (2A59FP6C)
CMOS SETUP UTILITY
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
INTERGRATED PERIPHERALS
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
PASSWORD SETTING
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION
POWER MANAGEMT SETUP HDD LOW LEVEL FORMAT
PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION
SAVE & EXIT SETUP
LOAD BIOS DEFAULTS
EXIT WITHOUT SAVING
LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS
Esc: Quit
F10: Save & Exit Setup
:SELECT ITEM
(Shift) F2: Change Color
Time, Date, Hard Disk Type .........
Figure C-3. Setup Program Initial Screen
Setup Keyboard Commands
A common set of keyboard commands is used for all BIOS-related screens. For example, you may use
the cursor up/down keys to highlight the individual menu items. As you highlight each item, a brief
description of that item’s function will appear in the lower window. If you have a color monitor you can
use the Shift F2 keys to scroll through the various color combinations available.
In general, you use the arrow keys to highlight items and then press Enter to select. Use the PageUp
and PageDown keys to change entries. Press F1 for help. Press Esc to quit. The following table provides
more detail about how to navigate in the Setup program using the keyboard.
Up arrow
Move to previous item
Down arrow
Move to next item
Left arrow
Move to the item in the left hand
Right arrow
Move to the item in the right hand
Esc key Main Menu — Quit but do not save changes into CMOS
66
Submenu
Exit current page and return to Main Menu
PgUp key
Increase the numeric value or make changes
PgDn key
Decrease the numeric value or make changes
+ key
Increase the numeric value or make changes
- key
Decrease the numeric value or make changes
F1 key
General help
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Appendix C - SBC Configuration Details
(Shift)F2
Change color from total 16 colors. F2 selects key color forward;
Shift-F2 selects color backwards.
F4 key
Reserved
F5 key
Restore the previous CMOS value from CMOS
F6 key
Load the default CMOS value from BIOS default table
F7 key
Load the default value of the parameter
F8 key, F9 key
Reserved
F10 key
Save all the CMOS changes, only for Main Menu
The Standard CMOS Setup Menu
Highlight STANDARD CMOS SETUP and press < ENTER >. The following screen display will appear:
Memory Installation
The IPC-551 Pentium Embedded Computer will support two double DRAM banks, bank 0 and bank 1,
each consisting of two 72-pin SIMM sockets.
Note:
SIMM 1,2,3,4 for double-bank DRAM module (72pin x 32bit x 4).
DRAM BANK CONFIGURATION
SIMM 1
BANK 0
4M
SIMM 2 SIMM 3 SIMM 4 TOTAL
BANK 1
MEMORY
4M
8M
4M
8M
4M
8M
4M
4M
16M
16M
8M
8M
16M
8M
8M
16M
4M
8M
4M
8M
24M
32M
32M
16M
16M
16M
16M
16M
16M
4M
8M
16M
4M
8M
16M
40M
48M
64M
32M
32M
32M
32M
32M
32M
32M
32M
32M
32M
4M
8M
16M
32M
4M
8M
16M
32M
64M
72M
80M
96M
128M
64M
64M
64M
64M
64M
64M
64M
64M
64M
64M
64M
64M
4M
8M
16M
32M
64M
4M
8M
16M
32M
64M
128M
136M
144M
160M
192M
256M
128M
128M
256M
SBC Configuration
This section presents detailed information on VGA video mode and the “ Watchdog” function. It also
describes how to install configurations.
Sections include:
VGA Drivers Utilities
Flash BIOS Update
Watchdog Timer Configuration
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
67
VGA Driver Utilities
VGA Drivers
The VGA interface for the SBC supports a wide range of display modes, such as SVGA, STN, TFT,
EL,.etc.
This single-board computer is shipped with a CD-ROM containing two files, VGA.EXE and
AWDFLASH.EXE, for VGA driver setup and Flash BIOS update.
......... 1. Awdflash 5.35A program update for Awardflash BIOS
......... 3. Win95 program for Win95 system
......... 4. WinNT 3.5x program for WinNT3.5x
......... 5. WinNT 4.0 program for WinNT4.0
......... 6. Win 2000 program for Win 2000 system
..........7. OS/2 Video Device Driver for OS/2 3.0 system
Before you change any setup for VGA or system BIOS, you must first install your utility CD-ROM. Then
the file will automatically be decompressed (‘unzipped’) and a sub-directory will be created on your
hard drive.
ROM PCI / ISA BIOS (2A59FP6C)
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Date (mm:dd:yy)
Time (hh:mm:ss)
: Fri, Sep 5 1997
: 10 : 17 : 37
LandType SizeCyls.Heads PreComp zone Sectors Mode
:Auto
Primary Master :Auto 0 0
0
0
0
0
:Auto
Primary Slave
:Auto 0 0
0
0
0
0
:Auto
Secondary Master :Auto 0 0
0
0
0
0
:Auto
Secondary Slave :Auto 0 0
0
0
0
0
Base Memory:
640K
Drive A: 1.44M, 3.5in.
Extended Memory:
31744K
Drive B: None
Other Memory:
384K
__________________________
Video: EGA/VGA
Halt On: All Errors
Total Memory:
32768K
Esc: Quit
F1:Help
:SELECT ITEM
(Shift) F2: Change Color
Pu/Pd/+/-: Modify
Figure C-4. Standard CMOS Setup Screen
The base memory size and the extended memory size are displayed in the above table. This is
automatically read from your system. You do not need to set these parameters. The screen displays
the date and time, which the operator must set correctly after powering up the computer. The format
of the date/time display is as follows:
Date:
< Month >, < Date > and <Year >. Ranges for each value are on the CMOS Setup Screen, and the
week-day will be skipped automatically.
Time:
< Hour >, < Minute >, and < Second >. Use 24 hour clock format, i.e., for “p.m.” numbers, add 12 to
the hour. For example, 4:30 p.m. should be expressed as 16:30:00.
68
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Appendix C - SBC Configuration Details
Drives: Primary Master/Slave & Secondary Master/Slave
In general, the SBC can handle four disk drives: a primary master, a primary slave, a secondary
master, and a secondary slave. The hard drive shipped with the Gatekeeper is a “Primary Master” drive
designated as Drive C. An IDE CDROM is supplied and functions as a Primary Slave drive and is
designated as Drive D. The “type” and “mode” settings for the primary master and the primary slave
drives should, in most cases, be AUTO.
When this field of the Standard CMOS Setup screen is set to AUTO, the SBC will automatically detect
the hard drive(s) in the system. The SBC can auto-detect 45 specific drive types (designated 1-45 in
this field).
The drive type can also be entered manually. If entered manually, the drive in use must match the type
entered in this field. If the drive being used is not of the type specified in this field, it will not work
properly in the Gatekeeper. For drives not on the list of 45 types, a user-defined drive can also be
specified in this field (as type “User”). When “User” is selected for this field, the operator needs to
specify the parameters of the hard drive (number of cylinders, heads, etc.). This information should be
provided in the documentation for the hard drive unit (this information is often specified on the exterior
of the hard drive unit, as well).
Note: If your SBC has trouble detecting your hard drive when the Type field in the Standard CMOS Setup screen is set
to AUTO, then you should enable the IDE HDD Auto Detection function in the CMOS Setup Utility screen. If the hard
drive is still not detected, designate the Type as User and enter the hard-drive values into the Standard CMOS Setup
screen
If the controller of the hard-disk drive interface is ESDI, the selection shall be “Type 1”.
If the controller of the hard-disk drive interface is SCSI, the selection shall be “None”
If the controller of the hard-disk drive interface is CD-ROM, the selection shall be “None”
Type:
Describes the hard drive. Default value is AUTO. Other values: 1-45, user, and none.
CYLS.:
Denotes the number of cylinders in the specified drive type.
HEADS:
Denotes the number of heads in the specified drive type.
PRECOM:
Precom is the read delay circuitry which takes into account the timing differences between the inner
and outer edges of the surface of the disk platter. This number designates the starting cylinder of the
signal.
LZONE:
Lzone is the landing zone of the heads. This number determines the cylinder location where the heads
will normally park when the system is shut down.
SECTORS:
Denotes the number of sectors in the specified drive type.
Size (Capacity):
Denotes the formatted capacity of the drive based on the following formula: (# of heads) X (# of
cylinders) X (# of sectors) X ( 512bytes/sectors)
Drive A and Drive B:
The options are 360 KB 5.25in, 1.2 KB 5.25in, 720 KB 3.5in, 1.44 MB 3.5in, 2.88 MB 3.5in and None. Not
Installed could be used as an option for workstations without disk drives.
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
69
Video:
Options are Monochrome, Color 40, VGA/EGA (default), Color 80.
Halt On:
Options are No Errors, All but Keyboard, All but Diskette, All but Diskette/Keyboard, All Errors. Default is
No Errors.
Hard Disk Attributes:
Type Cylinders Heads V-P comp
1
306
128
4
2
615
300
4
3
615
300
6
4
940
512
8
5
940
512
6
6
615
65535
4
7
642
256
8
8
733
65535
5
9
900
65535
15
10
820
65535
3
11
855
65535
5
12
855
65535
7
13
306
128
8
14
733
65535
7
15
000
0000
0
16
612
0000
4
17
977
300
5
18
977
65535
7
19
1024
512
7
20
733
300
5
21
733
300
7
22
733
300
5
23
306
0000
4
24
977
65535
5
25
1024
65535
9
26
1224
65535
7
27
1224
65535
11
28
1224
65535
15
29
1024
65535
8
30
1024
65535
11
31
918
65535
11
32
925
65535
9
33
1024
65535
10
34
1024
65535
12
35
1024
65535
13
36
1024
65535
14
37
1024
65535
2
38
1024
65535
16
39
918
65535
15
40
820
65535
6
41
1024
65535
5
42
1024
65535
5
43
809
65535
6
44
809
65535
6
45
776
65535
8
47
AUTO
LZone Sect Capacity
10
305
17
20
615
17
30
615
17
62
940
17
46
940
17
20
615
17
30
511
17
30
733
17
112
901
17
20
820
17
35
855
17
49
855
17
20
319
17
42
733
17
00
000
00
20
663
17
40
977
17
56
977
17
59
1023 17
30
732
17
42
732
17
30
733
17
10
336
17
40
976
17
76
1023 17
71
1223 17
111
1223 17
152
1223 17
68
1023 17
93
1023 17
83
1023 17
69
926
17
85
1023 17
102
1023 17
110
1023 17
119
1023 17
17
1023 17
136
1023 17
114
1023 17
40
820
17
42
1023 17
65
1023 26
40
852
17
61
852
26
100
775
33
Figure C-5. Award Hard Disk Type Table
The BIOS Features Setup Menu
The BIOS FEATURES SETUP menu presents configuration options for the support chipset and the
shadowing of RAM. When you select BIOS FEATURES SETUP in the CMOS Setup Utility menu, this
screen appears:
ROM / PCI / ISA BIOS (2A59FP6C)
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Virus Warning
CPU Internal Cache
External Cache
Quick Power-On Self-Test
Boot Sequence
Swap Floppy Drive
Boot-Up Floppy Seek
Boot-Up Numlock Status
:Disabled
:Enabled
:Enabled
:Disabled
:A, C, SCSI
:Disabled
:Enabled
:ON
Boot-Up System Speed
Gate A20 Option
Typematic Rate Setting
Typematic Rate (char/sec)
Typematic Delay (msec)
Security Option
PCI/VGA prelatal snoop
OS Select for DRAM>64Mb
:High
:Fast
:Disabled
:6
:250
:Setup
:Disabled
:Non-OS2
Video BIOS Shadow
C8000-CBFFF Shadow
CC000-CFFF Shadow
D000-D3FFF Shadow
D4000-D7FFF Shadow
D8000-DBFFF Shadow
DC000-DFFFF Shadow
:Enabled
:Disabled
:Disabled
:Disabled
:Disabled
:Disabled
:Disabled
:SELECT ITEM
Esc: Quit
F1: Help
Pu/Pd/+/-: Modify
F5: Old Values
(Shift) F2: Color
F6: Load BIOS Defaults
F7: Load Setup Defaults
Figure C-6. BIOS Features Setup
70
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Appendix C - SBC Configuration Details
The parameters accessible on this screen govern the system’s default speed, boot-up sequence,
keyboard operation, shadowing, and security.
Note: MultiTech presets all BIOS features before shipping the Gatekeeper. BIOS features should not be changed except
by expert operators.
Virus Warning
When this item is enabled, the Award BIOS will monitor the boot sector and partition table of the hard
disk drive for any attempt at modification. If an attempt is made, the BIOS will halt the system and the
following error message will appear.
! WARNING !
Disk boot sector is to be modified
Type Y to accept write or N to abort write
Award Software, Inc.
Afterwards, if necessary, you will be able to run an anti-virus program to locate and remove the
problem before any damage is done.
Enabled: Activates automatically when the system boots up. Causes a warning message to appear
when anything attempts to access the boot sector or hard disk partition table.
Disabled: No warning message will appear when anything attempts to access the boot sector or hard
disk partition table. (Default.)
NOTE: Many disk diagnostic programs which attempt to access the boot sector table can cause the above warning
message. If you will be running such a program, we recommend that you disable Virus Protection beforehand. When
enabled, this feature can cause problems when installing Windows 95.
CPU Internal Cache/External Cache
These two settings affect memory access speed, generally increasing access speed when enabled. The
default value is Enabled.
Enabled:
Enable cache
Disabled:
Disable cache
Quick Power On Self Test
This setting affects the duration of the Power On Self Test (POST), which occurs after you power up
the computer. If enabled, the BIOS will shorten or skip some ‘check items’ during the POST.
Enabled:
Enable quick POST (Default)
Disabled:
Normal POST
Boot Sequence
This setting determines which drive to search first for booting files at startup. The default value is C, A.
C, A System will first search for a hard disk then a floppy disk drive.
A, C System will first search for a floppy disk drive, then for a hard drive.
Boot Up Floppy Seek
During POST, BIOS will determine if the floppy disk drive installed has 40 or 80 tracks. 360K type has
40 tracks while 760K, 1.2M and 1.44M are all 80-track devices.
Enabled: BIOS searches for the floppy disk drive to determine if it is 40 or 80 tracks. Note that BIOS
cannot tell from 720K, 1.2M or 1.44M drive type as they are all 80 tracks (Default).
Disabled: BIOS will not search for the type of floppy disk drive by track number. Note that there will
not be any warning message if the drive installed is 360K.
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71
Boot Up NumLock Status
This enables you to determine the default state of the numeric keypad. By default, the system boots up
with NumLock on.
On
Keypad’s number keys are active.
Off
Keypad’s arrow keys are active.
Boot Up System Speed
Selects the default system speed — the normal operating speed at power up.
High
Sets the speed to high (default)
Low
Sets the speed to low
Regardless of which setting is chosen, the operator can still use the turbo switch to toggle between
High and Low modes during operation.
Gate A20 Option
This entry enables you to select how gate A20 is handled. Gate A20 is a device used to address
memory above 1 Mbyte. Initially, Gate A20 was handled by a pin on the keyboard. Today, while
keyboards still provide this support, it is more common, and much faster, for the system chipset to
provide support for gate A20.
Normal keyboard (default)
Fast chipset
Typematic Rate Setting
Enable the “typematic” function if you want to be able to configure the key-repetition characteristics of
your keyboard. When typematic is disabled, continually holding down a key on your keyboard will
generate only one instance. In other words, the BIOS will only report that the key is down. When the
typematic rate is enabled, the BIOS will report as before, but it will then wait a moment, and, if the key
is still down, it will begin the report that the key has been depressed repeatedly. For example, you
would use such a feature to accelerate cursor movements with the arrow keys.
Enabled
Enable typematic rate
Disabled
Disable typematic rate (default)
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)
When the typematic rate is enabled, the “typematic rate” selection enables you select the rate at which
a ‘held-down’ key will produce “acceleration.” Acceleration refers to multiple instances of a
character (letter, number, or symbol) or other multiple keyboard effects (like cursor movement with
arrow keys and character removal with the Delete keys).
72
6
6 characters per second (default)
8
8 characters per second
10
10 characters per second
12
12 characters per second
15
15 characters per second
20
20 characters per second
24
24 characters per second
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
Appendix C - SBC Configuration Details
30
30 characters per second
Typematic Delay (Msec)
When the typematic rate is enabled, this selection enables you to select the delay between when the
key is first depressed and when the acceleration begins.
250 250 msec (default)
500 500 msec
750 750 msec
1000 1000 msec
Security Option
Enables you to limit access to the computer system or to the BIOS Setup menus. When System security
is enabled, the system will not boot and access to Setup will be denied if the correct password is not
entered at the prompt. When Setup security is enabled, the system will boot, but access to Setup will
be denied if the correct password is not entered at the prompt.
System security boot & BIOS access require password
Setup security
BIOS access requires password (default)
No security
password not required
Note: To disable security, select PASSWORD SETTING at the CMOS Setup Utility menu. You will be asked to enter a
password. Do not type anything; just press Enter, and security will be disabled. Once it’s disabled, the system will boot
and you can enter Setup freely.
Video BIOS Shadow
Determines whether the video BIOS will be copied to RAM. However, it is optional depending on chipset
design. Video Shadow will increase the video speed.
Enabled
Video shadow is enabled (default)
Disabled
Video shadow is disabled
C8000 - CFFFF Shadow/DC000 - DFFFF Shadow
Determines whether option ROMs will be copied to RAM or not. An example of such option ROM would
be support of on-board SCSI hard-drive functionality.
Enabled
Optional shadow is enabled
Disabled
Optional shadow is disabled (Default)
Chipset Features Setup
This menu lets you configure the system based on the specific features of the installed chipset. This
chipset manages bus speeds and access to system memory resources, such as DRAM and the external
cache. It also coordinates communications between the conventional ISA bus and the PCI bus.
However, these parameters should never need to be altered. The default settings have been chosen
because they provide the best operating conditions for your system. The only time you might consider
making any changes would be if you discovered that data was being lost while using your system.
If you choose CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP from the CMOS Setup Utilities menu, the following screen appears.
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73
ROM / PCI / ISA BIOS (2A59FP6C)
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Auto Configuration
DRAM Timing :
DRAM RAS# Precharge Time
DRAM R/W Leadoff Timing
Fast RAS# to CAS# Delay
DRAM Read BUrst (EDO/FPM)
DRAM Write Burst Timing
Turbo Read Leadoff
DRAM Speculative Leadoff
Turn-Around Insertion
ISA Clock
:Enable
70 ns
:4
:7/6
:3
:x333/x444
:x333
:Disabled
:Disabled
:Disabled
:PCICLK/4
System BIOS Cacheable
Video BIOS Cacheable
8-Bit I/O Recovery Time
16-Bit I/O Recovery Time
Memory Hole at 15M-16M
Peer Concurrency
Chipset Special Features
DRAM ECC/Parity Select
:Disabled
:Disabled
:1
:1
:Disabled
:Enabled
:Enabled
:Parity
Memory Parity / ECC Check
Single Bit Error Report
L2 Cache Cacheable Size
Chipset NA# Asserted
Pipeline Cache Timing
Passive Release
Delayed Transaction
:Auto
:Enabled
:64MB
:Enabled
:Faster
:Enabled
:Disabled
:SELECT ITEM
Esc: Quit
F1: Help
Pu/Pd/+/-: Modify
F5: Old Values
(Shift) F2: Color
F6: Load BIOS Defaults
F7: Load Setup Defaults
Figure C-7. Chipset Features Setup
By moving cursor to the desired field and pressing < F1 > key, all values for that field will be displayed.
Auto Configuration Function:
When this option is Enabled, the BIOS automatically configures cache and clock settings based on
detection of the CPU clock speed. The user cannot change the other parameters. Set this option to
Disabled to do manual setting of DRAM , cache, and I/O bus clock operating parameters. Enabled
is the default.
DRAM Settings
The first chipset settings deal with CPU access to dynamic random access memory (DRAM). The default
timings have been carefully chosen and should only be altered if data is being lost. One data-loss
scenario that relates to DRAM timing values occurs when the computer contains mixed-speed DRAM
chips; greater delays may be required to preserve the integrity of the data held in the slower memory
chips and, consequently, data may be lost.
ISA Clock:
Defines the clock value for the ISA bus. Usually, the ISA bus clock should be programmed to 8 Mhz. For
example, when the PCI clock is 33MHz, choose PCICLK/4. PCICLK/4 is the default value.
Cache Features
System BIOS Cacheable
When enabled, accesses to the system BIOS ROM addressed at F0000H-FFFFFH are cached.
Enabled
BIOS access cached
Disabled
BIOS access not cached
Disabled is the default.
Video BIOS Cacheable
As with caching the System BIOS above, enabling the Video BIOS cache will cause access to video BIOS addressed
at C0000H to C7FFFH to be cached.
Enabled Video BIOS access cached
Disabled
Video BIOS access not cached
Disabled is the default.
PCI and IDE Configuration
8 Bit I/O Recovery Time
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Appendix C - SBC Configuration Details
The recovery time is the length of time, measured in CPU clock periods, that the system will delay after
completing an input/output request. This delay occurs because the CPU operates much faster than the
input/output bus and, therefore, the CPU must be delayed to allow for the completion of the I/O.
This setting determines the recovery time allowed for 8 bit I/O. Choices are from 1 to 8 CPU clock
periods.
3 clock periods is the default setting.
16 Bit I/O Recovery Time
This setting determines the recovery time allowed for 16 bit I/O. Choices are from 1 to 4 CPU clock
periods.
2 clock periods is the default setting.
Memory Hole At 15M-16M
In order to improve performance, certain space in memory can be reserved for ISA cards. This
memory must be mapped into the memory space below 16 MB.
Enabled
memory hole supported
Disabled
memory hole not supported (default)
Power Management Setup
The Power Management Setup enables you to configure your system to save energy most effectively
while still meeting your computing needs. When you specify “Max Saving,” all power-saving timeouts
are set to their minimum value and power saving is implemented at the lowest possible threshold.
ROM / PCI / ISA BIOS (2A59FP6C)
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Power Management
:Disable
PM Control by APM
:Yes
Video Off Method
:V/H SYNC + Blank
MODEM Use IRQ
:3
Doze Mode
Standby Mode
Suspend Mode
HDD Power-Down
:Disable
:Disable
:Disable
:Disable
**Wake Up Events in Doze & Standby **
IRQ3 (Wake-Up Event)
IRQ4 (Wake-Up Event)
IRQ8 (Wake-Up Event)
IRQ12 (Wake-Up Event)
:ON
:ON
:ON
:ON
** Power-Down & Resume Events **
IRQ3 (COM 2)
:ON
IRQ4 (COM 1)
:ON
IRQ5 (LPT 2)
:ON
IRQ6 (Floppy Disk)
:OFF
IRQ7 (LPT1)
:ON
IRQ8 (RTC Alarm)
:OFF
IRQ9 (IRQ2 Redir)
:ON
IRQ10 (Reserved)
:ON
IRQ11 (Reserved)
:ON
IRQ12 (PS/2 Mouse)
:ON
IRQ13 (Co-Processor)
:ON
IRQ14 (Hard Disk)
:ON
IRQ15 (Reserved)
:ON
:SELECT ITEM
Esc: Quit
F1: Help
Pu/Pd/+/-: Modify
F5: Old Values
(Shift) F2: Color
F6: Load BIOS Defaults
F7: Load Setup Defaults
Figure C-8. Power Management Setup
Power Management
This field lets you select the type (or degree) of power saving used. There are four modes of power
management:
1. Doze Mode
2. Standby Mode
3. Suspend Mode
4. HDD Power Down
There are four selections for Power Management, three of which have fixed mode settings.
Disable (default) No power management. Disables all four modes.
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75
Min. Power Saving Minimum power management.
Doze Mode = 1hr.,
Standby Mode = 1 hr.,
Suspend Mode = 1hr., and
HDD Power Down = 15 min.
Max. Power Saving Maximum power management — ONLY AVAILABLE FOR SL CPUs.
Doze Mode = 1 min.,
Standby Mode = 1 min.,
Suspend Mode = 1 min., and
HDD Power Down = 1 min.
User Defined. Enables you to set each mode individually. When not disabled, each of the
ranges are from 1 min. to 1 hr. except for HDD Power Down which ranges from 1 min. to
15 min. (HDD can also be disabled).
PM Control APM
When enabled ( YES ), an Advanced Power Management device will be activated to enhance the
Maximum Power Saving mode and to stop the CPU internal clock. The Advanced Power Management
function operates only if Maximum Power Saving is enabled. When enabled ( YES ), the system BIOS
will wait for APM‘s prompt before it enters any PM mode (Doze, Standby or Suspend). If APM is
installed, and if a task is running and the timer has timed out, APM will not prompt the BIOS to employ
any power saving mode.
Video Off Method
This determines how the monitor is blanked (V/H SYNC+Blank). This selection will cause the system
to turn off the vertical and horizontal synchronization ports and write blanks to the video buffer (Blank
Screen). This option only writes blanks to the video buffer.
Note: Doze, Standby, and Suspend are configurable only when User Defined power management has been selected.
Doze Mode
This timeout setting determines how long the PC must be idle before entering Doze mode. Values
range from 10 seconds to 2 hours. Doze mode can also be disabled. In Doze mode, the CPU clock runs
at a slower speed while all other devices continue operating at full speed.
Standby Mode
This timeout setting determines how long the PC must be idle before entering Standby mode. Values
range from 30 seconds to 2 hours. Standby can also be disabled. When Standby mode is engaged, the
PC’s hard drive and its video are turned off while all other devices continue operating at full speed.
Suspend Mode
This timeout setting determines how long the PC must be idle before entering Suspend mode. Values
range from 30 seconds to 2 hours. Suspend can also be disabled. In Suspend mode, all devices except
the CPU are shut off.
HDD Power Down
This timeout setting determines how long the PC must be idle before entering HDD Power Down mode.
In HDD Power Down mode, the hard disk drive will be shut off but all other devices remain active.
PnP/PCI Configuration
If you choose PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION from the CMOS Setup Utility menu, the following screen will
appear:
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Appendix C - SBC Configuration Details
ROM / PCI / ISA BIOS (2A59FP6C)
PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Resources Controlled by
Reset Configuration Data
:Manual
:Disabled
IRQ3 assigned to
IRQ4 assigned to
IRQ5 assigned to
IRQ6 assigned to
IRQ7assigned to
IRQ8 assigned to
IRQ9 assigned to
IRQ10 assigned to
IRQ11 assigned to
IRQ12 assigned to
IRQ13 assigned to
IRQ14 assigned to
IRQ15 assigned to
DMA-1 assigned to
DMA-3 assigned to
DMA-5 assigned to
DMA-6 assigned to
DMA-7 assigned to
:Legacy ISA
:Legacy ISA
:PCI/ISA PnP
:Legacy ISA
:PCI/ISA PnP
:PCI/ISA PnP
:PCI/ISA PnP
:PCI/ISA PnP
:PCI/ISA PnP
:PCI/ISA PnP
:PCI/ISA PnP
:PCI/ISA PnP
:PCI/ISA PnP
:PCI/ISA PnP
:PCI/ISA PnP
:PCI/ISA PnP
:PCI/ISA PnP
:PCI/ISA PnP
PCI IRQ Active by
PCI IDE IRQ Map to
Primary IDE INT#
Secondary IDE INT#
Onboard PCI SCSI Chip
:Level
:PCI-Auto
:A
:B
:Enabled
Used MEM base addr
:N/A
:SELECT ITEM
Esc: Quit
F1: Help
Pu/Pd/+/-: Modify
F5: Old Values
(Shift) F2: Color
F6: Load BIOS Defaults
F7: Load Setup Defaults
Figure C-9. PNP/PCI Configuration
You can manually configure the Plug-and-Play/PCI Device’s IRQ. The default setting is Auto.
PCI IRQ Activated by
This sets the method by which the PCI bus recognizes that an IRQ service is being requested by a
device. Under all circumstances, you should retain the default configuration unless advised otherwise by
your system’s manufacturer.
Choices are Level (default) and Edge.
PCI IDE IRQ Map to
This enables you to configure your system to the type of IDE disk controller in use, ISA or PCI (default
value is PCI Auto). PCI Auto enables the system to determine automatically how your IDE disk system is
configured. Remember that this setting refers to the hard disk drive itself, rather than individual
partitions. Since each IDE controller supports two separate hard drives, you can select the interrupt
number (the “INT#”; the possible values are A, B, C, or D) for each. Note that the primary drive always
has a lower interrupt than the secondary drive.
Onboard PCI SCSI Chip
Default is Disabled. The IPC-551 SBC does not support SCSI.
Load BIOS Defaults
Auto Configuration with BIOS Defaults
Choosing LOAD BIOS DEFAULTS from the CMOS Setup Utility menu will restore default BIOS values to
the PC. Invoking LOAD BIOS DEFAULTS will bring up this dialog box:
Load BIOS Default ( Y ? N ) ? Y
To use the BIOS defaults, change the prompt to “Y” and press Enter ; the default BIOS values will be
loaded into CMOS automatically the next time you power up the SBC. Load BIOS Defaults are the same
as Load Setup Defaults.
Load Setup Defaults
Auto Configuration with Setup Defaults
Choosing LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS from the CMOS Setup Utility menu will restore default SETUP values
to the PC. Invoking LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS brings up this dialog box:
Load SETUP Default ( Y ? N ) ? Y
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77
To use the SETUP defaults, change the prompt to “Y” and press <Enter>; the default SETUP values will
be loaded into the CMOS automatically the next time you power up the SBC. Load Setup Defaults are
the same as Load BIOS Defaults.
Integrated Peripherals
If you choose INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS from the CMOS Setup Utility menu, this screen will appear:
ROM / PCI / ISA BIOS (2A59FP6C)
INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
IDE HDD Block Mode
PCI Slot IDE 2nd Channel
On-Chip Primary PCI IDE
On-Chip Secondary PCI IDE
IDE Primary Master PIO
IDE Primary Slave PIO
IDE Secondary Master PIO
IDE Secondary Slave PIO
:Enabled
:Enabled
:Enabled
:Enabled
:Auto
:Auto
:Auto
:Auto
USB Controller
USE Keyboard Support
Onboard FDC Controller
Onboard UART 1
UART 1 operation mode
:Enabled
:Disabled
:Enabled
:Auto
:Standard
Onboard UART 2
UART 2 operation mode
:Auto
:Standard
Onboard Parallel Port
Parallel Port Mode
378/IRQ7
:Normal
:SELECT ITEM
Esc: Quit
F1: Help
Pu/Pd/+/-: Modify
F5: Old Values
(Shift) F2: Color
F6: Load BIOS Defaults
F7: Load Setup Defaults
Figure C-10. Integrated Peripherals
Password Setting
Access to the computer system in general or to the BIOS settings in particular can be put under
password protection using this function. When you select PASSWORD SETTING on the CMOS Setup
Utility menu, the following dialog box will appear at the center of the screen to assist you in creating a
password.
Enter Password
Type the password, up to eight characters in length, and press Enter. The password typed now will
clear any previously entered password from CMOS memory. You will be asked to confirm the
password. Type the password again and press Enter. You may also press Esc to abort the selection
and not enter a password.
Caution: Losing or forgetting your system password will render your computer unusable. Assign a password only if it is
necessary for security purposes. Restoring access after loss of a password is nontrivial and requires the clearing and reloading of BIOS settings. If a password is forgotten or lost, contact MultiTech Technical Support to establish a new
password.
To disable a password, just press Enter when you are prompted to enter the password. A message
will confirm that the password is to be disabled. Once the password has been disabled, the system will
boot and you can enter Setup freely.
Password Disabled
When a password has been enabled, you will be prompted to enter it every time you try to enter Setup.
This prevents an unauthorized person from changing any part of your system configuration.
Additionally, when a password is enabled, you can also require the BIOS to request a password every
time your system is rebooted. This would prevent unauthorized use of your computer.
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Appendix C - SBC Configuration Details
You determine when the password is required within the BIOS Features Setup menu and its Security
option (presented earlier). If the Security option is set to System, the password will be required both
at boot and at entry to Setup. If set to Setup, prompting only occurs when trying to enter Setup.
IDE HDD Auto Detection
The parameters presented on this menu are pre-set at the factory. They should be altered only by
expert users.
This feature automatically detects and configures hard disk drive parameters. If you are uncertain of
your hard disk drive’s parameters, this features will display them. Generally, the IDE HDD Auto
Detection function is needed only if you change your hard disk drive.
When you select IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION from the CMOS Setup Utility menu, this screen will
appear:
ROM / PCI / ISA BIOS (2A59FP6C)
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Primary Master :( Mb)
Primary Slave :
Secondary Master :
Secondary Slave :
CYLS. HEADS PRECOMP LANDZONE SECTORS MODE
-------0
0
0
0
0
Select Secondary Slave Option (N=Skip) :N
Option
Size
Cyls
Heads
Precomp
Landzone
Sectors
Mode
2(Y)
1
3
540
541
540
524
1049
524
32
16
32
0
65535
65535
1048
1048
1048
63
63
63
LBA
Normal
LARGE
Note: Some OSes (like SCO-UNIX) must use “Normal” for installation
Esc: Skip
Figure C-11. IDE HDD Auto Detection Screen
Generally speaking, hard disk drives are categorized by size as follows:
Normal:
HDD Size < 528MB
LBA:
528MB< HDD Size < 8.4 GB
Large:
HDD Size > 8.4GB
If you specify a sub-standard mode for a hard disk drive when formatting, part of the drive will remain
unformatted and therefore inaccessible. For example, if you format a 4GB hard disk drive as a Normal
drive, only 528MB would be formatted and nearly 3.5GB would be unusable.
Auto Detection
The BIOS Setup will display all the possible modes that are supported by the HDD including NORMAL,
LBA, & LARGE. The user can select the appropriate mode.
HDD Mode
The Award BIOS supports 3 HDD mode: NORMAL, LBA, & LARGE
NORMAL mode:
Generic access mode in which neither the BIOS nor the IDE controller will make any transformations
during accessing.
The maximum number of cylinders, heads & sectors for NORMAL mode are 1024, 16, and 63.
x
no. Cylinder
(1024)
x
no. Head
( 16)
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79
x
no. Sector
( 63)
x
no. Bytes per Sector
( 512)
———————————————————Total:
528 megabytes
If the user sets the HDD to NORMAL mode, the maximum accessible HDD size will be 528 Megabytes
even though its physical size may be greater than that.
LBA (Logical Block Addressing) mode:
This new HDD accessing method overcomes the 528 megabyte bottleneck. The number of cylinders,
heads and sectors shown in Setup may not be the number physically contained in the HDD.
During HDD accessing, the IDE controller will transform the logical address described by the sector,
head, and cylinder numbers into its own physical address inside the HDD.
The maximum HDD size supported by LBA mode is 8.4 gigabytes, which is obtained by the following
formula:
x
no. Cylinder
(1024)
x
no. Head
( 255)
x
no. Sector
( 63)
x
no. of Bytes per Sector ( 512)
———————————————————Total:
8.4 gigabytes
LARGE mode:
Some IDE HDDs contain more than 1024 cylinder without LBA support (in some cases, users do not
want LBA). The BIOS provides another alternative to support these kinds of HDD.
CYLS
HEADS
SECTOR
MODE
———————————————————————
1120
16
59
NORMAL
560
32
59
LARGE
The BIOS tricks DOS (or other OS) that the number of cylinders is less than 1024 by dividing it by 2. At
the same time, the number of heads is multiplied by 2. A reverse transformation process will be made
inside INT 13h in order to access the right HDD address.
Maximum HDD size in Large Mode:
x
no. Cylinder
(1024)
x
no. Head
( 32)
x
no. Sector
( 63)
x
no. Per sector
( 512)
—-——————————————————
Total:
1 gigabyte
Note: Support of the LBA or LARGE mode of HDDs, requires some special software. All such software packages are
located in the Award HDD Service Routine (INT 13h). If the PC is running under a Operating System that replaces the
whole INT 13h, that PC may fail to access a HDD set to LBA or LARGE mode.
HDD Low Level Format
If you choose HDD LOW LEVEL FORMAT from the CMOS Setup Utility menu, the following screen will
appear:
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Appendix C - SBC Configuration Details
Hard Disk Low Level Format Utility
NO. CYLS HEAD
- - - - -- SELECT DRIVE
------ - -- - - BAD TRACK LIST - - - - - - - - - PREFORMAT
-----Current Select drive is : C
DRIVE : C CYLINDER : 0 HEAD : 0
Primary Master
Primary Slave
Secondary Master
Secondary Slave
SIZE HEAD PRECOMP LANDZ SECTOR MODE
541
16
65535
1048
63
AUTO
0
0
0
0
0
AUTO
0
0
0
0
0
AUTO
0
0
0
0
0
AUTO
Up/Down - Select item
Enter - Accept
ESC - Exit / Abort
Copyright (C) Award Software, Inc. 1992-94 All Rights Reserved
Figure C-12. HDD Low Level Format
Low-level formatting will sometimes remedy corrupt disk sectors. Unlike DOS formatting which can
format disk partitions separately, Low-level formatting formats the entire physical hard disk drive. To
invoke low-level formatting, select PREFORMAT and press Enter.
Caution: Low-level formatting will destroy all data on the hard disk drive. If you really want to reformat a hard disk
drive, back up your data first.
Save & Exit Setup
When all required adjustments are complete, you must save these settings into the CMOS RAM. Select
SAVE & EXIT SETUP and press Enter.
ROM / PCI / ISA BIOS (2A59FP6C)
CMOS SETUP UTILITY
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
INTERGRATED PERIPHERALS
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
PASSWORD SETTING
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION
POWER MANAGEMT SETUP HDD LOW LEVEL FORMAT
PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION
SAVE & EXIT SETUP
SAVE to CMOS and EXIT (Y/N)? N
LOAD BIOS DEFAULTS
EXIT WITHOUT SAVING
LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS
Esc: Quit
F10: Save & Exit Setup
:SELECT ITEM
(Shift) F2: Change Color
Save Data to CMOS & Exit SETUP
Figure C-13. Saving a CMOS Setup Configuration
When you confirm that you want to save the settings, your machine will automatically reboot and the
changes you have made will be implemented. You can call up the setup program at any time to adjust
any of the individual items by pressing the <Del> key during boot up.
To cancel any changes you have made, select QUIT WITHOUT SAVING (see figure below) and the
original settings stored in CMOS will be retained.
ROM / PCI / ISA BIOS (2A59FP6C)
CMOS SETUP UTILITY
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
INTERGRATED PERIPHERALS
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
PASSWORD SETTING
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION
POWER MANAGEMT SETUP HDD LOW LEVEL FORMAT
PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION
SAVE & EXIT SETUP
QUIT Without Saving (Y/N)? Y
LOAD BIOS DEFAULTS
EXIT WITHOUT SAVING
LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS
Esc: Quit
F10: Save & Exit Setup
:SELECT ITEM
(Shift) F2: Change Color
Abandon All Data and Exit SETUP
Figure C-14. Exiting Setup Mode without Saving
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81
Appendix D — Regulatory Information
FCC Regulations for Telephone Line Interconnection
1. This equipment complies with Part 68 of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
rules. On the outside surface of this equipment is a label that contains, among other
information, the FCC registration number and ringer equivalence number (REN). If
requested, this information must be provided to the telephone company.
2. As indicated below, the suitable jack (Universal Service Order Code connecting
arrangement) for this equipment is shown. If applicable, the facility interface codes (FIC)
and service order codes (SOC) are shown.
An FCC-compliant telephone cord and modular plug is provided with this equipment. This
equipment is designed to be connected to the telephone network or premises wiring using
a compatible modular jack which is Part 68 compliant.
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Appendix D - Regulatory Information
3. The ringer equivalence number (REN) is used to determine the quantity of devices that
may be connected to the telephone line. Excessive REN’s on the telephone line may result
in the devices not ringing in response to an incoming call. In most, but not all areas, the
sum of the RENs should not exceed five (5.0). To be certain of the number of devices that
may be connected to the line, as determined by the total REN’s, contact the telephone
company to determine the maximum REN for the calling area.
4. If this equipment causes harm to the telephone network, the telephone company will notify
you in advance that temporary discontinuance of service may be required. But if advance
notice isn’t practical, the telephone company will notify the customer as soon as possible.
Also, you will be advised of your right to file a complaint with the FCC if you believe it is
necessary.
5. The telephone company may make changes in its facilities, equipment, operations, or
procedures that could affect the operation of the equipment. If this happens, the telephone
company will provide advance notice in order for you to make necessary modifications in
order to maintain uninterrupted service.
6. If trouble is experienced with this equipment (the model of which is indicated below)
please contact Multi-Tech Systems, Inc. at the address shown below for details of how to
have repairs made. If the equipment is causing harm to the telephone network, the
telephone company may request you remove the equipment from the network until the
problem is resolved.
7. No repairs are to be made by you. Repairs are to be made only by Multi-Tech Systems or
its licensees. Unauthorized repairs void registration and warranty.
8. This equipment cannot be used on public coin service provided by the telephone company.
Connection to Party Line Service is subject to state tariffs. (Contact the state public utility
commission, public service commission or corporation commission for information.)
9. If so required, this equipment is hearing-aid compatible.
Manufacturer:
Model Number:
FCC registration number:
Ringer Equivalence No:
Modular Jack (USOC)
Service Center in USA:
Multi-Tech Systems, Inc.
MVPGTK1
AU7USA-XXXXXXXXXXXX
TBD
RJ11C or RJ11W (single line)
Multi-Tech Systems Inc.
2205 Woodale Drive
Mounds View, MN 55112
Voice (763) 785-3500/
FAX (763) 785-9874
Canadian Limitations Notice
Notice: The ringer equivalence number (REN) assigned to each terminal device provides an indication
of the maximum number of terminals allowed to be connected to a telephone interface. The
termination of a interface can consist of any combination of devices subject only to the requirement
that the sum of the ringer equivalence numbers of all the devices does not exceed 5.
Notice: The Industry Canada label identifies certificated equipment. This certification means that the
equipment meets certain telecommunications network protective, operational and safety requirements.
The Industry Canada does not guarantee the equipment will operate to the user’s satisfaction.
Before installing this equipment, users should ensure that it is permissible to be connected to the
facilities of the local telecommunications company. The equipment must also be installed using an
acceptable method of connection. The customer should be aware that compliance with the above
conditions may not prevent degradation of service in some situations.
MultiVOIP Gatekeeper User Guide
83
Repairs to certified equipment should be made by an authorized Canadian maintenance facility
designated by the supplier. Any repairs or alterations made by the user to this equipment, or
equipment malfunctions, may give the telecommunications company cause to request the user to
disconnect the equipment.
Users should ensure for their own protection that the electrical ground connections of the power utility,
telephone lines and internal metallic water pipe system, if present, are connected together. This
precaution may be particularly important in rural areas.
Caution: Users should not attempt to make such connections themselves, but should contact the
appropriate electric inspection authority, or electrician, as appropriate.
Compliance with BABT Requirements
Approved for connection to telecommunications system specified in the instructions for use subject to the
conditions set out in them.
Warning: Interconnection directly, or by way of other apparatus, of ports marked "SAFETY WARNING see
instructions for use" with ports marked or not so marked may produce hazardous conditions on the
network. Advice should be obtained from a competent engineer before such a connection is made.
It is a condition of approval that the power required by the host and the total of all adapter cards installed
within the host environment, together with any auxiliary apparatus, does not exceed the power
specification as stated in the Technical Reference Material of the host apparatus.
The power requirements for the MULTIMODEMISI are:
Modem operating voltages: +12V D.C., -12V D. C., +5V D.C.
Modem Power Consumption: 8 Watts
In order to maintain the independent approval of this card, it is essential that when other option cards are
introduced which use or generate a hazardous voltage, the minimum creepages and clearances specified in
the following table are maintained. A hazardous voltage is one which exceeds 42.4V peak a.c or 50V d.c. If
you have any doubt, seek advice from a competent engineer before installing other adapters into the host
equipment.
The equipment must be installed such that with the exception of connection to the host, clearance and
creepage distances shown in the following table are maintained between the card and any other
assemblies which use or generate a voltage shown in that table. The larger the distance shown in brackets
applies where the local environment within the host is subject to conductive pollution or dry
nonconductive pollution which could become conductive due to condensation. Failure to maintain these
minimum distances would invalidate approval.
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Appendix D - Regulatory Information
Voltage Used or Generated
by Host or Other Cards
Clearance (mm)
Creepage (mm)
2.0
2.4 (3.8)
Up to 50 Vms or Vdc
2.6
3.0 (4.8)
Up to 125 Vms or Vdc
4.0
5.0 (8.0)
Up to 250 Vms or Vdc
4.0
6.4 (10.0)
Up to 300 Vms or Vdc
Carrier Card
Expansion Card
Communication Module
X
Power Supply Unit
or other source of
excessive voltage
X
Y
Y
Example Diagram Showing Creepage
and Clearance Distances
Fig. B-1. Example Diagram Showing Creepage and Clearance Distances
Except at the edge connector which plugs into the host's expansion slot, clearance distance (Xmm) and
creepage distance (Ymm) as given in the table above, must be maintained between the communication
card and any assemblies which use or generate hazardous voltage.
This apparatus has been approved for the use of the following facilities:
• Auto-calling
• Loop disconnect and MF dialing
• Phone number storage and retrieval by a predetermined code
• Operation in the absence of proceed indication
• Automatic storage of last number dialed
• Tone detection-busy
• Auto clear from the originating end
• DTR dialing
• Modem
• PBX timed break register recall
European Low Voltage Directive
When correctly installed and maintained, the modem will present no hazard to the user. When correctly
installed, the modem will be connected to the PSTN or a PW and to a Data Terminal Equipment (DTE)
whose modem connections comply with CCITT recommendation V28. The DTE connections are therefore
taken to be safe voltages (less than ± 30 volts).
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85
Ports that are capable of connecting to other apparatus are defined as SELV. To ensure conformity with
EN41003, ensure that these ports are only connected to ports of the same type on other apparatus.
Compliance with BS6305 Clause 6.2, BS6320 Clause 7.2, and BABT/
SITS/82/005S/D
a. The modem is suitable for connection to the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)
provided by British Telecommunications plc or Kingston Communications (Hull) plc. Circuit
supply by British Communications, Mercury Communication, or Hull City Council. Only direct
exchange lines may be used, not shared service.
b. The modem is suitable for household, office, and similar general indoor use. It is not
suitable for use as an extension to a payphone.
c. BT lines supplied must support either loop disconnect or multifrequency tone
signalling.
d. REN (Ringer Equivalence Number).
The REN value of a unit is calculated from 3/n where n is the total number of units which
be connected in parallel which will still cause the standard bell (as defined in BS6305
Appendix D) to ring.
can
REN values of less than 0.3 cannot be assigned.
REN = 1
If a telephone or other device is connected in parallel with the modem, the combined REN must not
exceed 4. A BT supplied telephone can be assumed to have REN of 1.0 unless otherwise noted.
The approval of this modem for connection to the British Telecom public switched telephone network is
INVALIDATED if the apparatus is subject to any modification in any material way not authorized by
BABT or if it is used with or connected to:
i. internal software that has not been formally accepted BABT.
ii. external control software or external control apparatus which cause the operation of
the modem associated call set-up equipment to contravene the requirements of the
standard set out in BABT/SITS/82/005S/D.
All other apparatus connected to this modem and thereby connected directly or indirectly to the British
Telecom public switched telephone network must be approved apparatus as defined in Section 22 of
the British Telecommunications Act 1984.
Compliance with BS6789: Section 3.1 and Part 2
a. The modem is not capable of allowing Auto Call using '999' or other PABX emergency
numbers.
b. Modes other than modes 1, 2, or 3 should not be used on the BT PSTN. This modem
is a mode 1 device.
c. Users are advised to check the numbers entered during the Auto Call set up phase
prior to dialing.
d. The user should not issue any sequence of commands to the modem which would
cause the modem to exceed the maximum allowable pause of 8 seconds from the
time the modem goes off hook until dialing begins.
e. For correct operation of the call progress monitor, the power has to be properly connected
and switched on.
Compliance with BS6328 Part 1
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Appendix D - Regulatory Information
a. The modem is not suitable for use on circuits with British Telecommunications signaling at
a normal frequency of 2280 Hz.
b. The modem does not require signaling or otherwise employ the frequency range dc to 200
Hz.
c. The modem does not require dc from the Private Circuit for correct operation. The modem
may be damaged if connected, in a private circuit mode, to a circuit supplying dc current
(the maximum permissible direct current is zero amps).
EMC, Safety, and Terminal Directive Compliance
The CE mark is affixed to this product to confirm compliance with the following European Community
Directives:
Council Directive 89/336/EEC of 3 May 1989 on the approximation of laws of Member States relating to
electromagnetic compatibility;
and
Council Directive 73/23/EEC of 19 February 1973 on the harmonization of the laws of Member States
relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits;
and
Council Directive 98/13/EEC of 22 March 1998 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States
concerning telecommunications terminal and satellite earth station equipment.
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