Mega 200VWR Setup guide

Mega 200VWR Setup guide
Table of Contents
i
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................. 5
INTRODUCTION TO YOUR ROUTER................................................................................................. 5
FEATURES .............................................................................................................................................. 5
CHAPTER 2: INSTALLING THE ROUTER ......................................................................................... 8
IMPORTANT NOTE FOR USING THIS ROUTER ............................................................................... 8
PACKAGE CONTENTS.......................................................................................................................... 8
THE FRONT LEDS ................................................................................................................................. 9
THE REAR PORTS................................................................................................................................ 10
CABLING ...............................................................................................................................................11
CHAPTER 3: BASIC INSTALLATION ................................................................................................ 12
CONNECTING YOUR ROUTER ......................................................................................................... 13
FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS........................................................................................................ 18
Web Interface (Username and Password) .......................................................................................... 18
Device LAN IP settings....................................................................................................................... 18
ISP setting in WAN site ....................................................................................................................... 18
DHCP server ...................................................................................................................................... 18
LAN and WAN Port Addresses............................................................................................................ 18
INFORMATION FROM YOUR ISP ..................................................................................................... 19
CONFIGURING WITH YOUR WEB BROWSER ............................................................................... 20
CHAPTER 4: CONFIGURATION......................................................................................................... 21
STATUS.................................................................................................................................................. 22
ARP Table ........................................................................................................................................... 22
Wireless Association Table ................................................................................................................. 22
Routing Table...................................................................................................................................... 22
DHCP Table........................................................................................................................................ 23
PPTP Status ........................................................................................................................................ 24
IPSec Status ........................................................................................................................................ 24
L2TP Status......................................................................................................................................... 25
Email Status ........................................................................................................................................ 25
VoIP Status.......................................................................................................................................... 25
Event Log............................................................................................................................................ 26
Error Log ............................................................................................................................................ 26
NAT Sessions ...................................................................................................................................... 27
Diagnostic........................................................................................................................................... 27
UPnP Portmap ................................................................................................................................... 28
QUICK START ...................................................................................................................................... 29
CONFIGURATION................................................................................................................................ 31
LAN - Local Area Network ................................................................................................................. 31
Bridge Interface .............................................................................................................................. 31
Ethernet........................................................................................................................................... 32
IP Alias............................................................................................................................................ 32
Ethernet Client Filter ...................................................................................................................... 33
Wireless .......................................................................................................................................... 35
Wireless Security ............................................................................................................................ 37
Wireless Client / MAC Address Filter............................................................................................ 39
Port Setting ..................................................................................................................................... 41
DHCP Server .................................................................................................................................. 42
WAN - Wide Area Network.................................................................................................................. 43
ISP .................................................................................................................................................. 43
DNS ................................................................................................................................................ 53
ADSL.............................................................................................................................................. 54
System ................................................................................................................................................. 56
Time Zone....................................................................................................................................... 56
Remote Access................................................................................................................................ 57
Firmware Upgrade.......................................................................................................................... 58
Backup / Restore............................................................................................................................. 59
Restart Router ................................................................................................................................. 60
User Management........................................................................................................................... 61
Firewall and Access Control .............................................................................................................. 62
General Settings.............................................................................................................................. 63
Packet Filter.................................................................................................................................... 64
Intrusion Detection ......................................................................................................................... 72
URL Filter....................................................................................................................................... 74
IM / P2P Blocking .......................................................................................................................... 76
Firewall Log ................................................................................................................................... 77
VPN - Virtual Private Networks ......................................................................................................... 78
PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol) ..................................................................................... 78
IPSec (IP Security Protocol)........................................................................................................... 88
L2TP (Layer Two Tunneling Protocol) .......................................................................................... 98
VoIP - Voice over Internet Protocol...................................................................................................110
Wizard............................................................................................................................................111
General Settings.............................................................................................................................113
Phone Port .....................................................................................................................................116
PSTN Dial Plan .............................................................................................................................118
VoIP Dial Plan .............................................................................................................................. 122
Ring & Tone ................................................................................................................................. 127
Special Dial Codes ....................................................................................................................... 128
QoS - Quality of Service ................................................................................................................... 129
Prioritization ................................................................................................................................. 129
Outbound IP Throttling (LAN to WAN)....................................................................................... 131
Inbound IP Throttling (WAN to LAN) ......................................................................................... 132
Virtual Server (known as Port Forwarding)..................................................................................... 136
Add Virtual Server........................................................................................................................ 137
Edit DMZ Host ............................................................................................................................. 138
Edit DMZ Host ............................................................................................................................. 139
Edit One-to-One NAT (Network Address Translation) ................................................................ 140
Time Schedule ................................................................................................................................... 143
Configuration of Time Schedule .................................................................................................. 144
Advanced .......................................................................................................................................... 145
Static Route................................................................................................................................... 145
Dynamic DNS .............................................................................................................................. 146
Check Email ................................................................................................................................. 147
Device Management ..................................................................................................................... 148
IGMP ............................................................................................................................................ 151
VLAN Bridge ............................................................................................................................... 151
SAVE CONFIGURATION TO FLASH ............................................................................................... 155
LOGOUT.............................................................................................................................................. 156
CHAPTER 5: TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................................ 157
PROBLEMS STARTING UP THE ROUTER ..................................................................................... 157
PROBLEMS WITH THE WAN INTERFACE .................................................................................... 157
PROBLEMS WITH THE LAN INTERFACE ..................................................................................... 157
APPENDIX A: WINDOWS 98 SETUP ................................................................................................ 158
Mega 200VWR Router
Chapter 1: Introduction
Introduction to your Router
Your Mega 200VWR router is an “all-in-one” VoIP ADSL router, combining an ADSL 2+ modem, ADSL
router, Ethernet network switch and 2 telephone ports for Voice over IP functionality, providing everything
you need to get the computers on your network connected to the Internet over your ADSL connection.
With features such as an ADSL Quick-Start wizard and DHCP Server, you can be online in no time at all
and with a minimum of fuss and configuration, catering for first-time users as well as gurus requiring
advanced features and control over their Internet connection and network.
Features
Voice over IP Compliance with SIP Standard
This router supports cost-effective, toll-quality voice calls over the Internet. It complies with the most
popular industrial standard, SIP protocol, to ensure the interoperability with SIP devices and major
VoIP Gateways. This router supports call waiting, silence suppression, voice activity detection
(VAD), comfort noise generation (CNG), line echo cancellation, caller ID (Bell 202, V3) and so on.
Fixed-Line Support
The router integrates RJ-11 FXO port for inbound and outbound calls transmitted through PSTN.
Users can receive phone calls from PSTN while enjoying VoIP call service at the same time. In
addition, the device has automatic fallback to the POTS line to enable making normal phone calls
when there is a power outage, or when the Internet connection is down (lifeline function).
Express Internet Access
This router complies with ADSL worldwide standards. It supports downstream rate up to 12/24
Mbps with ADSL2/2+, 8Mbps with ADSL. Users can enjoy not only high-speed ADSL services but
also broadband multimedia applications such as interactive gaming, video streaming and real-time
audio much easier and faster than ever. It is compliant with Multi-Mode standard (ANSI T1.413,
Issue 2; G.dmt (ITU G.992.1); G.lite (ITU G.992.2); G.hs (ITU G994.1); G.dmt.bis (ITU G.992.3);
G.dmt.bis.plus (ITU G.992.5)).
Virtual Private Network (VPN)
This function allows user to make a tunnel with a remote site directly to secure the data
transmission among the connection. Users can use the embedded PPTP and L2TP client/server,
IKE and IPSec, which are supported by this router to make a VPN connection, or users can run a
PPTP client on a computer. if the user runs a PPTP client on his local computer, the router will
provide a IPSec and PPTP pass through function to establish the VPN connection
802.11g Wireless AP with WPA Support
With the integrated 802.11g Wireless Access Point, the router offers quick and easy access
between the wired network, wireless network and ADSL connection with single device simplicity,
and as a result, mobility to the users. The wireless AP supports 54 Mbps 802.11g data connections,
and is backward compatible with existing 802.11b equipment. The Wireless Protected Access
(WPA1 and WPA2) and Wireless Encryption Protocol (WEP) features enhance wireless security
and provide access control..
Fast Ethernet Switch
A 4-port 10/100Mbps fast Ethernet switch is built in with automatic switching between MDI and
MDI-X for 10Base-T and 100Base-TX ports. An Ethernet straight or crossover cable can be used
directly for auto detection.
Chapter 1: Introduction
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Mega 200VWR Router
Multi-Protocol to Establish a Connection
This router supports PPPoA, RFC 1483 encapsulation over ATM (bridged or routed), PPP over
Ethernet and IPoA to establish a connection with the ISP. It also supports VC-based and
LLC-based multiplexing.
Quick Installation Wizard
The router has a WEB GUI page to allow quick installation of the router. With this wizard, end users
can enter their ISP information easily and quickly, and surf the Internet immediately.
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) and UPnP NAT Traversal
This protocol is used to enable simple and robust connectivity among stand-alone devices and
computers from many different vendors. It makes networking simple and affordable for users. UPnP
architecture leverages TCP/IP and the Web to enable seamless proximity networking in addition to
control and data transfer among networked devices. With this feature enabled, users can now
connect to applications such as Net Meeting or MSN Messenger seamlessly.
Network Address Translation (NAT)
This function allows multi-users to access outside resources such as the Internet simultaneously
with one IP address/one Internet access account. Many application layer gateways (ALG) are
supported, such as web browsing, ICQ, FTP, Telnet, E-mail, News, Net2phone, Ping, NetMeeting,
IP phone and others.
SOHO Firewall Security with DoS and SPI
Along with the built-in NAT natural firewall feature, the router also provides advanced hacker
pattern-filtering protection. It can automatically detect and block Denial of Service (DoS) attacks.
The router is built with Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI) to determine if a data packet is allowed
through the firewall to the LAN.
Domain Name System (DNS) Relay
This provides an easy way to map the domain name (a friendly name for users such as
www.yahoo.com) to an IP address. When a local computer has its DNS server IP address
configured to the router’s IP address, every DNS conversion request packet from the Computer to
this router will be forwarded to the real DNS in the outside network.
Dynamic Domain Name System (DDNS)
The Dynamic DNS service allows you to alias a dynamic WAN IP address to a static hostname.
To use the service, you must first apply for an account from a DDNS service like
http://www.dyndns.org/. More than 5 different DDNS servers are supported.
Quality of Service (QoS) QoS gives you full control over which types of outgoing data traffic
should be given priority by the router, ensuring important data like gaming packets, customer
information, or management information move through the router at lightning speed, even under
heavy load. The QoS features are configurable by source IP address, destination IP address,
protocol, or port. You can throttle the speed at which different types of outgoing data pass through
the router, to ensure P2P users don’t saturate upload bandwidth, or office browsing doesn’t bring
client web serving to a halt. In addition, or alternatively, you can simply change the priority of
different types of upload data and let the router sort out the actual speeds.
Virtual Server (“port forwarding”)
Users can specify some services to be visible from outside users. The router can detect incoming
service requests and forward either a single port or a range of ports to the specific local computer to
handle it. For example, a user can assign a PC in the LAN to act as a WEB server and expose it to
Internet users. Outside users can browse this web server directly, while it is still protected by NAT. A
DMZ host setting is also provided to completely expose a local computer the Internet.
Rich Packet Filtering
This not only filters the packet based on IP address, but also based on Port numbers. It will filter
Chapter 1: Introduction
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Mega 200VWR Router
packets to and from the Internet, and provides a higher level of security control.
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Client and Server
On the WAN interface, the DHCP client can get an IP address from the Internet Service Provider
(ISP) automatically. On the LAN interface, the DHCP server can allocate a range of client IP
addresses and distribute them, including IP address, subnet mask as well as DNS IP address, to
local computers. This provides an easy way to manage the local IP network.
Static and RIP1/2 Routing
It has routing capability and supports a static routing table or RIP1/2 routing protocol.
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
This is an easy way to remotely manage the router via SNMP.
Web based GUI
The routers’ web based GUI is used for configuration and management. It is user-friendly and
comes with on-line help. It also supports remote management capability for remote users to
configure and manage the router. .
Firmware Upgradeable
This router can be upgraded to the latest firmware through the WEB based GUI.
Rich Management Interfaces
This router supports flexible management interfaces using a local console, LAN or WAN port. Users
can use terminal applications through the console port to configure and manage the device, or
Telnet, WEB GUI, and SNMP through LAN or WAN ports to configure and manage the device.
Chapter 1: Introduction
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Mega 200VWR Router
Chapter 2: Installing the Router
Important note for using this router
9
Do not use this router in high humidity or high temperatures.
9
Do not use the same power source for this router and other
equipment.
9
Do not open or repair the case yourself. If this router is too hot,
turn off the power immediately and have it repaired at a qualified
service center.
9
Avoid using this product and its accessories outdoors.
Warning
9
Place this router on a stable surface.
9
Only use the power adapter that comes with the package. Using
a different voltage rating power adaptor may damage this router.
Attention
Package Contents
Mega 200VWR Router
CD-ROM containing this online manual
RJ-11 ADSL/telephone Cable
Ethernet (CAT-5 LAN) Cable
Console tool kit
AC-DC power adapter (12VDC, 1.2A)
A detachable antenna
Two Micro filters
Quick Start Guide
Chapter 2: Installing the router
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Mega 200VWR Router
The Front LEDs
LED
Meaning
1
PWR
Lit when power is ON.
2
SYS
Lit when the system is ready.
LAN Port
1X — 4X
(RJ-45 connector)
Lit when connected to an Ethernet device.
Green for 100Mbps; Orange for 10Mbps.
Blinking when data is Transmitted / Received.
WLAN
Green when the wireless connection is established.
Flashing when sending/receiving data.
3–6
7
8–9
10
Phone
1X — 2X
(RJ-11 connector)
LINE
VoIP Port
12
1X — 2X
(RJ-11 connector)
13
ADSL/PPP
Chapter 2: Installing the router
Green when the phone is off-hook.
Lit when inbound and outbound calls are using the PSTN.
Lit when the SIP Registration is OK.
Green for Phone 1; Orange for Phone 2.
Note: Also orange when both Phone 1 and 2 are registered OK at the
same time.
Green when successfully connected to an ADSL DSLAM,
(“line synch”).
Orange when there is a PPPoA / PPPoE connection.
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Mega 200VWR Router
The Rear Ports
6
8
5
3
4
7
1
2
The Ethernet Port # 4 can be used as a console port. You need a special
console tool which is included in the package, to connect between LAN
port 4 and a PC’s RS-232 port (9-pin serial port).
Port
Meaning
1
Power Switch
Power ON/OFF switch
2
PWR
Connect the supplied power adapter to this jack.
When the router is turned on Æ the reset button is used to:
3
RESET
Reset the router: press for 1-3 seconds:
Restore factory default settings: press for more than 6
seconds, and power cycle the router: (useful if you cannot
login
to
the
router
or
have
forgotten
your
Username/Password. ).
Caution: After pressing the RESET button for more than 6 seconds,
to be sure you power cycle the device.
LAN
4
4
1X — 4X
(RJ-45 connector)
Console Port (LAN port 4)
(RJ-45 connector)
Phone
5
1X — 2X
(RJ-11 connector)
6
LINE
Chapter 2: Installing the router
To connect your router to a PC or an office/home network of
10Mbps or 100Mbps use a UTP Ethernet cable (Cat-5 or
Cat-5e) and connect to one of the LAN ports.
Caution: Port 4 can be either a LAN or a Console port at any time but
not simultaneously.
Connect a UTP Ethernet cable (Cat-5 or Cat-5e) to LAN Port 4
and connect to the computers RS-232 port via the supplied
adaptor.
Caution: Port 4 can be either a LAN or a Console port at any time but
not simultaneously
When using the VoIP functions, connect an analog phone to
this port using a RJ-11 cable.
When using the VoIP functions, use a RJ-11cable to connect
this port to the telephone wall jack..
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Mega 200VWR Router
7
ADSL
Use the supplied RJ-11 (“telephone”) cable to connect this port
to the ADSL/telephone wall jack .
8
Antenna
Connect the detachable antenna to this port.
Cabling
One of the most common causes of ADSL problems is bad cabling or ADSL lines. Make sure that all
devices connected to your telephone line are turned on, and that all telephones used on the line are
connected via micro filters.. On the front of the product is a bank of LEDs. Once you have installed you
router, verify that the LAN Link and ADSL line LEDs are lit. If they are not, check that you are using the
proper/functional cables.
Ensure that all other devices connected to the same telephone line as your router (e.g. telephones, fax
machines, analogue modems) have a line filter connected between them and the wall socket, and ensure
that all line filters are correctly installed and the right way around. Missing line filters or line filters installed
the wrong way around can cause problems with your ADSL connection, including causing frequent
disconnections.
Chapter 2: Installing the router
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Mega 200VWR Router
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
The router can be configured with your web browser. A web browser is included as a standard application
in the following operating systems: Linux, Mac OS, Windows 98/NT/2000/XP/Me, etc. The product
provides an easy and user-friendly interface for configuration.
Please check your Computer’s network components. The TCP/IP protocol stack and Ethernet network
adapter must be installed. If not, please refer to your operating system manuals.
You can connect your computer to the router either through an external hub/switch or directly. However,
please ensure that your computer has a properly installed Ethernet interface prior to connecting it to the
router. You ought to configure your Computers to obtain an IP address through a DHCP server or you can
set them up with a fixed IP address that must be in the same subnet as the router. The default IP address
of the router is 10.0.0.2 and the subnet mask is 255.255.255.0 (i.e. any attached Computer must be in the
same subnet, and have an IP address in the range of 10.0.0.1 to10.0.0.254). The best and easiest way is
to configure the PC to get an IP address automatically from the router using DHCP. If you encounter any
problem accessing the router’s web interface it may also be advisable to temporarily remove any kind of
software firewall on your Computer’s as they can cause problems accessing the 10.0.0.2 IP address of
the router. Users should always make their own decisions on how to best protect their network.
Please follow the steps below for your PC’s network environment installation.
Any TCP/IP capable workstation can be used to communicate with
or through the router. To configure other types of workstations,
please consult the manufacturer’s documentation.
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
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Mega 200VWR Router
Connecting Your Router
1. Connect this router to a LAN (Local Area Network) and the ADSL/telephone (ADSL) network.
2. Power on the device.
3. Make sure the PWR and SYS LEDs are lit steadily and that the LAN LED is lit.
4. Connect an RJ11 cable to VoIP port when connecting to an analog phone set.
5. Connect RJ-11 cable to LINE Port when connecting to the telephone wall jack.
Switching/
HUB
ADSL
Phone
ADSL
filter
Line
Analog Phone
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
Connect more
computers
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Mega 200VWR Router
Configuring PCs in Window XP
1.
2.
Go to Start / Control Panel (in Classic View). In the Control
Panel, double-click Network Connections.
Double-click Local Area Connection. (See Figure 3.1)
Figure 3.1: LAN Area Connection
3.
In the LAN Area Connection Status window, click
Properties. (See Figure 3.2)
Figure 3.2: LAN Connection Status
4.
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.
(See Figure 3.3)
Figure 3.3: TCP / IP
5.
6.
Select the Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain
DNS server address automatically radio buttons. (See
Figure 3.4)
Click OK to finish the configuration.
Figure 3.4: IP Address & DNS
Configuration
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Mega 200VWR Router
Configuring PCs in Windows 2000
1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the Control Panel,
double-click Network and Dial-up Connections.
2. Double-click Local Area (“LAN”) Connection. (See Figure
3.5)
Figure 3.5: LAN Area Connection
3. In the LAN Area Connection Status window, click
Properties. (See Figure 3.6)
Figure 3.6: LAN Connection Status
4. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.
(See Figure 3.7)
Figure 3.7: TCP / IP
5. Select the Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain
6.
DNS server address automatically radio buttons. (See
Figure 3.8)
Click OK to finish the configuration.
Figure 3.8: IP Address & DNS
Configuration
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
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Mega 200VWR Router
Configuring PC in Windows 95/98/ME
1.
2.
3.
Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the Control Panel,
double-click Network and choose the Configuration tab.
Select TCP / IP -> NE2000 Compatible, or the name of the
Network Interface Card (NIC) in your PC. (See Figure 3.9)
Click Properties.
Figure 3.9: TCP / IP
4.
Select the IP Address tab. In this page, click the Obtain an IP
address automatically radio button. (See Figure 3.10)
Figure 3.10: IP Address
5.
6.
Then select the DNS Configuration tab. (See Figure 3.11)
Select the Disable DNS radio button and click OK to finish
the configuration.
Figure 3.11: DNS Configuration
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
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Mega 200VWR Router
Configuring PC in Windows NT4.0
1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the
2.
Control
Panel, double-click Network and choose the Protocols tab.
Select TCP/IP Protocol and click Properties. (See Figure
3.12)
Figure 3.12: TCP / IP
3. Select the Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server radio
button and click OK. (See Figure 3.13)
Figure 3.13: IP Address
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
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Mega 200VWR Router
Factory Default Settings
Before configuring your, you need to know the following default settings.
Web Interface (Username and Password)
Username: admin
Password: admin
The default username and password are “admin” and “admin” respectively.
If you ever forget the username/password to login to the router, you may
press the RESET button for more than 6 seconds to restore the factory
default settings.
Attention
Attention
Caution: After pressing the RESET button for more than 6 seconds, be sure you power
cycle the device again.
Device LAN IP settings
IP Address: 10.0.0.2
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
ISP setting in WAN site
PPPoE
DHCP server
DHCP server is enabled.
Start IP Address:10.0.0.100
IP pool counts: 100
LAN and WAN Port Addresses
The parameters of LAN and WAN ports are pre-set in the factory.
The default values are shown below.
LAN Port
WAN Port
IP address
10.0.0.2
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
DHCP server function
Enabled
IP
addresses
distribution to PCs
The PPPoE function is enabled
to automatically get the WAN
port configuration from the ISP.
for 100 IP addresses continuing from
10.0.0.100 through 10.0.0.199
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Mega 200VWR Router
Information from your ISP
Telkom ADSL connections use PPPoE, and automatically assign a WAN IP address to your router; The
following information is provided should you wish to connect to an alternative ISP. .
Gather the information as illustrated in the following table and keep it for reference.
PPPoE
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password, Service Name,
and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (this is automatically set by the
Telkom network but be set manually should this be required).
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password, Service Name,
PPPoE / PPPoE and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (this is automatically set by the
with Pass-through
Telkom network but be set manually should this be required). In addition,
additional WAN address can be assigned using PPPoE dialer.
PPPoA
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password and Domain
Name System (DNS) IP address (it ca be automatically assigned by your ISP
when you connect or be set manually).
RFC 1483 Bridged
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing to use Bridged Mode.
RFC 1483 Routed
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, IP address, Subnet mask, Gateway
address, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is a fixed IP
address).
IPoA Routed
(IP over ATM)
VPI/VCI, VC / LLC-based multiplexing, IP address, Subnet mask, Gateway
address, and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is a fixed IP
address).
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
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Mega 200VWR Router
Configuring with your Web Browser
Open your web browser, enter the IP address of your router, which by default is 10.0.0.2, and click “Go”, a
user name and password window prompt will appear.
The default username and password are
“admin” and “admin” respectively. (See Figure 3.14)
Figure 3.14: User name & Password Prompt Widonw
Congratulation! You are now successfully logged on to your Router!
Chapter 3: Basic Installation
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Mega 200VWR Router
Chapter 4: Configuration
On the configuration homepage, the left navigation pane, where bookmarks are provided, links you
directly to the various setup pages, including:
Status
- ARP Table
- Wireless Association
- Routing Table
- DHCP Table
- PPTP Status
- IPSec Status
- L2TP Status
- Email Status
- VoIP Status
- Event Log
- Error Log
- NAT Sessions
- Diagnostic
- UPnP Portmap
Quick Start
Configuration
- LAN
- WAN
- System
- Firewall
- VPN
- VoIP
- QoS
- Virtual Server
- Time Schedule
- Advanced
Save Config to FLASH
Language (provides user interface in English and French languages)
Logout
Please click the links to see the relevant sections of this manual for detailed instructions on how to
configure this Router.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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Mega 200VWR Router
Status
ARP Table
This section displays the router’s ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) Table, which shows the mapping of
Internet (IP) addresses to Ethernet (MAC) addresses. This is useful as a quick way of determining the
MAC address of the network interface of your PCs when you wish to use with the router’s Firewall –
MAC Address Filter function. See the Firewall section of this manual for more information on this
feature.
IP Address: A list of IP addresses of devices on your LAN (Local Area Network).
MAC Address: The MAC (Media Access Control) addresses for each device on your LAN.
Interface: The interface name (on the router) that this IP Address connects to.
Static: Static status of the ARP table entry:
~ “no” for dynamically-generated ARP table entries.
~ “yes” for static ARP table entries added by the user.
Wireless Association Table
IP Address:
It is IP address of wireless clients that join this network.
MAC: The MAC address of wireless client.
Routing Table
Routing Table
Valid:
It indicates a successful routing status.
Destination: The IP address of the destination network.
Netmask: The destination IP networks ’ Netmask.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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Mega 200VWR Router
Gateway/Interface: The IP address of the gateway, or existing interface, that this route will use.
Cost: The number of hops counted as the cost of the route.
RIP Routing Table
Destination: The IP address of the destination network.
Netmask: The destination IP networks ’ Netmask .
Gateway: The IP address of the gateway that this route will use.
Cost: The number of hops counted as the cost of the route.
DHCP Table
Leased: The DHCP assigned IP addresses information.
IP Address: A list of IP addresses of devices on your LAN (Local Area Network).
Expired: The expired IP addresses information.
Permanent: The fixed host mapping information
Leased Table
IP Address: The IP address that is assigned to a client.
MAC Address: The MAC address of the client.
Client Host Name: The Host Name (Computer Name) of the client.
Expiry: The current lease time of clients IP address.
Expired Table
Please refer the Leased Table.
Permanent Table
Name: The name you assigned to the Permanent configuration.
IP Address: The fixed IP address for the specific client.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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MAC Address: The MAC Address that you want to assign the fixed IP address.
Maximum Lease Time:
The maximum lease time interval you allow to this client.
PPTP Status
This shows details of your configured PPTP VPN Connections.
Name: The name you assigned to the particular PPTP connection in your VPN configuration.
Type: The type of connection (dial-in/dial-out).
Enable: Whether the connection is currently enabled.
Active: Whether the connection is currently active.
Tunnel Connected: Whether the VPN Tunnel is currently connected.
Call Connected: If the Call for this VPN entry is currently connected.
Encryption: The encryption type used for this VPN connection.
IPSec Status
This shows details of your configured IPSec VPN Connections.
Name: The name you assigned to the particular VPN entry.
Active: Whether the VPN Connection is currently Active.
Connection State: Whether the VPN is Connected or Disconnected.
Statistics: Statistics for this VPN Connection.
Local Subnet: The local IP Address or Subnet used.
Remote Subnet: The Subnet of the remote site.
Remote Gateway: The Remote Gateway IP address.
SA: The Security Association for this VPN entry.
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L2TP Status
This shows details of your configured L2TP VPN Connections.
Name: The name you assigned to the particular L2TP connection in your VPN configuration.
Type: The type of connection (dial-in/dial-out).
Enable: Whether the connection is currently enabled.
Active: Whether the connection is currently active.
Tunnel Connected: Whether the VPN Tunnel is currently connected.
Call Connected: If the Call for this VPN entry is currently connected.
Encryption: The encryption type used for this VPN connection.
Email Status
Details and status for the Email Account you have configured the router to check. Please see the
Advanced section of this manual for details on this function.
VoIP Status
Here you can check details and status of VoIP Account you have configured. Please see the VoIP
Configuration section for more details.
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Event Log
This page displays the router’s Event Log entries. Major events are logged to this window, such as when
the router’s ADSL connection is disconnected, as well as Firewall events when you have enabled
Intrusion or Blocking Logging in the Configuration – Firewall section of the interface. Please see the
Firewall section of this manual for more details on how to enable Firewall logging.
Error Log
Any errors encountered by the router (e.g. invalid names given to entries) are logged to this window.
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NAT Sessions
This section lists all current NAT sessions between interface of types external (WAN) and internal (LAN).
Diagnostic
It tests the connection to computer(s) which is connected to LAN ports and also the WAN Internet
connection. If PING www.google.com shows FAIL and the rest show PASS, you ought to check that
your Computers’ DNS settings are correctly set.
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UPnP Portmap
The section lists all port-mappings established using UPnP (Universal Plug and Play). See the
Advanced section of this manual for more details on UPnP and the router’s UPnP configuration options.
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Quick Start
While it is recommended that you use the installation utility that was supplied with your router, It is also
possible you use the built-in Quick Start function in order to configure your router.
For detailed instructions on configuring your WAN settings, please see the WAN section of this manual.
Usually, the only details you will need for the Quick Start wizard to get you online are your login (often in
the form of [email protected]), your password and the encapsulation type. (For the Telkom network,
VCI and VPI are 8 and 35) In additional, you have the option to provide specific DNS if you desire, or
select the Enable box to get an DNS automatically assigned by your ISP.
Your ISP will be able to supply all the details you need, alternatively, if you have deleted the current WAN
Connection in the WAN – ISP section of the interface, you can use the router’s PVC Scan feature to
attempt to determine the Encapsulation types offered by your ISP.
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Click Start to begin scanning for encapsulation types offered by your ISP. If the scan is successful you will
then be presented with a list of supported options:
Select the desired option from the list and click Apply to return to the Quick Start interface to continue
configuring your ISP connection. Please note that the contents of this list will vary, depending on what is
supported by your ISP.
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Configuration
When you click this item, you will be able to following sub-items to configure the ADSL router.
-
LAN, Wan, System, Firewall, VPN, VoIP, QoS, Virtual Server, Time Schedule and Advanced
These functions are described below in the following sections.
LAN - Local Area Network
Here are the items within the LAN section: Bridge Interface, Ethernet, IP Alias, Ethernet Client Filter,
Wireless, Wireless Security, Wireless Client Filter, Port Settings and DHCP Server.
Bridge Interface
You can setup member ports for each VLAN group under Bridge Interface section. From the example, two
VLAN groups need to be created.
Ethernet: P1 (Port 1)
Ethernet1: P2, P3 and P4 (Port 2, 3, 4). Uncheck P2, P3, P4 from Ethernet VLAN port first.
Note: You should setup each VLAN group with caution. Each Bridge Interface is arranged in this order.
Bridge Interface
Ethernet
Ethernet1
Ethernet2
Ethernet3
VLAN Port (Always starts with)
P1 / P2 / P3 / P4
P2 / P3 / P4
P3 / P4
P4
Management Interface: To specify which VLAN group is allowed to do device management - i.e web
management.
Note: NAT/NAPT can be applied to management interface only.
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Ethernet
Primary IP Address
IP Address: The default IP on this router.
SubNetmask: The default subnet mask on this router.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast.
Check to enable RIP function.
IP Alias
This function supports to create multiple virtual IP interfaces on this router. this helps if you wish to
connect two or more local networks using different IP ranges to internet via the router. In this case, an
additional internal router is not required.
IP Address: Specify an IP address on this virtual interface.
SubNetmask: Specify a subnet mask on this virtual interface.
Security Interface: Specify the firewall setting on this virtual interface.
Internal: The network is behind NAT. All traffic will do network address translation (NAT) when sending
out to Internet (if NAT is enabled).
External: There is no NAT on this IP interface and it is connected to the Internet directly. This can be
used when your ISP provides multiple public IP addresses.
DMZ: Specify this network as a DMZ area. There is no NAT on this interface.
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Ethernet Client Filter
The Ethernet Client Filter supports up to 16 Ethernet network machines and helps you to manage your
network control, accepting traffic from specific authorized machines or restricting unwanted machine(s)
from access your LAN.
There are no pre-define Ethernet MAC address filter rules; you can add the filter rules that meet your
requirements.
Ethernet Client Filter: Default setting is Disable.
~ Allowed: check to authorize a specific device to access your LAN by insert the MAC Address in
the space provided or click
. Make sure your PC’s MAC is listed.
~ Blocked: To prevent unwanted device accessing your LAN, insert the MAC Address in the
space provided or click
. Make sure your PC’s MAC is not listed.
The maximum number of clients is 16. The MAC addresses are 6 bytes long; they should be
presented only in hexadecimal characters. The number 0 - 9 and letters a - f are acceptable.
Note:
Follow the MAC Address Format xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx. Semicolon ( : ) must be included.
Candidates: automatically detects devices connected to the router through the Ethernet. .
→ Active PC in LAN
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Active PC in LAN displays a list of individual Ethernet device’s IP Address & MAC Address which are
connected to the router.
You can easily allow or block a computer by checking the box next to the IP address. Then click Add to
insert to the Ethernet Client Filter table. The maximum number of Ethernet clients is 16.
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Wireless
Parameters
WLAN Service: Default setting is Enable. If you do not have any wireless devises (802.11g or 802.11b)
on your network, select Disable.
Mode: The default setting is 802.11b+g (Mixed mode). If you do not know what type of wireless devises
you have, or have both 11g and 11b devices on your network, then keep the default setting (mixed
mode). From the drop-down menu, you can select 802.11g if you have only 11g clients on your network
or if you have only 11b clients on your network, then select 802.11b.
ESSID: The ESSID is the unique name of a wireless access point (AP) used to distinguish it from other
AP’s. For security purposes, change the default AP ID (wlan-ap) to a unique ID name. The ESSID is
case sensitive and must not excess 32 characters. Make sure your wireless clients have exactly the
same ESSID as the AP so that you will be able to connect to it .
Note: It is case sensitive and must not excess 32 characters.
ESSID Broadcast: ESSID Broadcast is the function that controls the Routes transmission of its ESSID.
This transmission enables wireless clients to detect the presence of the AP when they search for AP;s to
connect to. The default setting is Enabled.
~ Disable: If you do not want broadcast your ESSID.
cannot discover the Access Point (AP) of your router.
~
Any client using “any” wireless setting
Enable: Any client using the “any” setting can discover the Access Point (AP).
Regulation Domain: There are seven Regulation Domains for you to choose from, including North
America (N.America), Europe, France, etc. The Channel ID will be different based on this setting.
Channel ID: Select the wireless connection ID channel that you would like to use.
Channel Usage to help to select non-occupied wireless channel.
Use the Scan
~ Scan Channel Usage: Wireless channel scan takes up to 14 seconds to survey the wireless
channels In the surrounding area. The result will show which of the wireless channels are already
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being used , and wich are available for use.
Note: Wireless performance will be degraded if you select a channel that is already being occupied by other
AP(s).
TX PowerLevel: This function enhances the wireless transmitting signal strength.
this power level from minimum 0 up to maximum 255.
Users may adjust
Note: Maximum power Level is not necessarily the best choice in all cases. choose the most suitable level for your
network and environment.
Connected:
network.
Shown as true or false. This is the connection status between the wireless card and the
AP MAC Address: this is the unique hardware address of the Access Point.
AP Firmware Version: The Access Point firmware version.
Wireless Distribution System (WDS)
This is a wireless access point mode that enables wireless linking and communication with other access
points. It is easy to install - simply define the peer AP’s MAC address. The WDS system gives a cost
saving and flexible method of extending wireless range, since no extra wireless client device is required
to bridge between two access points. Using WDS, the user can extend an existing wired or wireless
infrastructure network to create a larger network.
In addition, the WDS connection can provide network security in WEP mode. The WEP key encryption
must be the same for both access points.
WDS Service: The default setting is Disabled.
Check Enable radio button to activate this function.
Peer WDS MAC Address: this is the associated AP’s MAC Address. It is important that your peer’s AP
must include your MAC address in order to allow the AP’s to acknowledge and communicate with each
other.
Note: For MAC Address, Semicolon ( : ) must be included.
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Wireless Security
You can disable or enable WPA or WEP for protecting your wireless network.
The default mode of wireless security is Enabled. And the default security mode is WPA
WPA-PSK (TKIP) / WPA-PSK (AES) Pre-Shared Key
WPA Algorithms: There are two types of WPA-PSK security : WPA1 and WPA2. WPA1 adopts the
TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) encrypted algorithm, which incorporates Message Integrity Code
(MIC), to provide protection against hackers. The WPA2 adopts the CCMP (Cipher Block Chaining
Message Authentication Code Protocol) of the AES (Advanced Encryption Security) algorithm.
WPA Shared Key: The key for network authentication. The input format is in character style and key size
should be in the range between 8 and 63 characters. By default, your Router is provided with a unique
Key. This key is also given on a label on the underside of your router/
Group Key Renewal: The time interval for changing the security key automatically between wireless
client and Access Point (AP). Default value is 3600 seconds.
Idle Timeout: The default idle timeout is 3600 seconds. The timeout value is for when no data traffic
is send or received. If Router detects no traffic on the wireless interface, it will start a timer, and drop the
session when the timer reaches the defined timeout value. A new session will be established when further
data is sent.
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WEP
WEP Encryption: To prevent unauthorized wireless stations from accessing data transmitted over the
network, the router offers highly secure data encryption, known as WEP. If you require high security for
transmissions, there are two alternatives to select from: WEP 64 and WEP 128. WEP 128 will offer
increased security over WEP 64.
Passphrase: This is used to generate WEP keys automatically based upon the input string and a
pre-defined algorithm in WEP64 or WEP128. Default Used WEP Key: Select the encryption key ID;
please refer to Key (1~4) below.
Key (1-4): Enter the key to encrypt wireless data. To allow encrypted data transmission, the WEP
Encryption Key values on all wireless stations must be the same as the router. There are four keys for
your selection. The input format is in HEX style, 5 and 13 HEX codes are required for WEP64 and
WEP128 respectively, the separator is “-“. For example, using WEP64, 11-22-33-44-55 is a valid key,
whilst 1122334455 is invalid.
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Wireless Client / MAC Address Filter
The MAC Address supports up to 16 wireless network machines and helps you to manage your network
control to accept traffic from specific authorized machines or to restrict unwanted machine(s) from
accessing your LAN.
There are no pre-define MAC Address filter rules; you can add the filter rules that meet your
requirements.
Wireless Client Filter: Default setting is Disable.
~ Allowed: To authorize a specific device accessing your LAN, insert the devises MAC Address in
the space provided, or click
. Make sure your computer’s MAC is listed.
~ Blocked: To prevent unwanted devices from accessing the LAN, insert the MAC Address of
an unwanted computer into the space provided, or click
. Make sure your computer’s
MAC is not listed.
The maximum number of clients is 16. MAC addresses are 6 bytes long; they are presented only in
hexadecimal format. The number 0 - 9 and letters a - f are acceptable. MAC addresses are 6 bytes long
Note: Follow the MAC Address Format xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx.
Candidates:
AP . .
Semicolon ( : ) must be included.
This function automatically detects devices connected to the router through the Wireless
→Associated Wireless Clients
Associate Wireless Client displays a list of individual wireless device’s MAC Address that are currently
connected to the router.
You can easily add a particular client to the Allow or Block list by checking the box next to the MAC
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address and selecting Add to insert to the client into the Wireless Client (MAC Address) Filter table.
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Port Setting
This section allows you to configure the settings for the router’s Ethernet ports to solve some of the
compatibility problems that may be encountered while connecting to the Internet, as well as allowing
users to tweak the performance of their network.
Port # Connection Type: this is where you can customize the connection type of each of the
routers Ethernet ports. There are Six options to choose from: Auto, disable, 10M half-duplex, 10M
full-duplex, 100M half-duplex, 100M full-duplex and Disable. Sometimes, there are Ethernet compatibility
problems with legacy Ethernet devices, and you can configure a particular Ethernet port to one of the
different types to solve compatibility issues. The default is Auto, which users should keep unless there
are specific problems with computers not being able to access your LAN.
IPv4 TOS priority Control (Advanced users): TOS, Type of Services, is the 2nd octet of an IP packet.
Bits 6-7 of this octet are reserved and bit 0-5 are used to specify the priority of the packet.
This feature uses bits 0-5 to classify the packet’s priority. If the packet is high priority, it will flow first and
will not be constrained by the Rate Limit. Therefore, when this feature is enabled, the router’s Ethernet
switch will check the 2nd octet of each IP packet. If the value in the TOS field matches the checked values
in the table (0 to 63), this packet will be treated as high priority.
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DHCP Server
You can disable or enable the DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server or enable the router’s
DHCP relay functions. The DHCP protocol allows your router to dynamically assign IP addresses to
computers on your network if they are configured to obtain IP addresses automatically.
To disable the router’s DHCP Server, check Disabled and click Next, then click Apply. When the DHCP
Server is disabled you will need to manually assign a fixed IP address to each Computer on your network,
and set the default gateway for each computer to the IP address of the router (by default this is 10.0.0.2).
To configure the router’s DHCP Server, check DHCP Server and click Next. You can then configure
parameters of the DHCP Server including the IP pool (starting IP address and ending IP address to be
allocated to Computers on your network), lease time for each assigned IP address (the period of time the
IP address assigned will be valid), DNS IP address and the gateway IP address. These details are sent to
the DHCP client (i.e. your PC) when it requests an IP address from the DHCP server. Click Apply to
enable this function. If you check “Use Router as a DNS Server”, the ADSL Router will perform the
domain name lookup, find the IP address from the outside network automatically and forward it back to
the requesting PC in your LAN (your Local Area Network).
If you check DHCP Relay Agent and click Next, then you will have to enter the IP address of the DHCP
server which will assign an IP address back to the DHCP client on your LAN. Use this function only if
advised to do so by your network administrator or ISP.
Click Apply to enable this function.
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WAN - Wide Area Network
WAN refers to your Wide Area Network connection, i.e. your router’s connection to your ISP and the
Internet. Here are the items within the WAN section: ISP, DNS and ADSL.
ISP
The factory default is PPPoE. Telkom uses this access protocol. If you wish to change any of these
parameters, click Edit. If your ISP does not use PPPoE, you can change the default WAN connection
entry by clicking Change.
Some ISP may provide more services via different WAN connections. In this case, you can create more
than 1 connection by clicking Create. The device can support maximum up to 8 WAN connections.
Note: The application of multiple WAN connections is depend on your Service Provider.
A simpler alternative is to select Quick Start from the main menu on the left. Please see the Quick Start
section of the manual for more information.
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RFC 1483 Routed Connections
Description: User-definable name for the connection.
VPI and VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet through
a single IP account, sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have public IP addresses and can
access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be disabled.
Encapsulation method: Selects the encapsulation format, the default is LLC Bridged. Select the option
provided by your ISP.
IP Assignment
~ Obtain an IP address automatically via DHCP client: specify if the Router can get an IP
address from the ISP (Internet Service Provider) automatically.
~ Use the following IP Address: Specify the IP address manually; the IP should be given to you
by your ISP.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific headers)
that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
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RFC 1483 Bridged Connections
Description: User-definable name for the connection.
VPI and VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
Encapsulation method: Select the encapsulation format, this is provided by your ISP.
Acceptable Frame Type: Specify what kind of traffic can through this connection, all traffic or only VLAN
tagged traffic.
Filter Type: Specify the type of ethernet filtering performed by the named bridge interface.
All
Ip
Pppoe
Allows all types of ethernet packets through the port.
Allows only IP/ARP types of ethernet packets through the port.
Allows only PPPoE types of ethernet packets through the port.
PVID for Untagged Frames: PVID is known as Port VLAN Identifier. When an untagged packet is
received by input port(s), this packet will be tagged with specified PVID. The valid value range for PVID is
1~4094.
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PPPoA Routed Connections
Description: User-definable name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet through
a single IP account, sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have public IP addresses and can
access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be disabled.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric characters
(case sensitive). This will usually be in the format of “[email protected]” instead of simply “username”.
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric characters
(case sensitive).
IP Address: Specify IP addresses that are allowed to logon and access the router’s web server..
Note: IP 0.0.0.0 indicates all users who are connected to this router are allowed to logon to the device and modify
data.
Authentication Protocol Type: Default is Chap (Auto). Your ISP will advise you whether to use Chap or
Pap.
Connection:
~ Always on: If you want the router to establish a PPPoA session when starting up and to
automatically re-establish the PPPoA session when disconnected by the ISP.
~ Connect on Demand: If you want to establish a PPPoA session only when there is a packet
requesting access to the Internet (i.e. when a program on your computer attempts to access the
Internet).
Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the broadband firewall gateway when there is no activity on the line for a
predetermined period of time.
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~ Detail: You can define destination port and packet type (TCP/UDP) information that will not
result in the router checking the timer. It allows you to set which outgoing traffic will not trigger and
reset the idle timer.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific headers)
that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
Advanced Options (PPPoA)
LLC Header: Selects encapsulation mode, select true for using LLC or false for using VC-Mux.
Create Route: This setting specifies whether a route is added to the system after IPCP (Internet Protocol
Control Protocol) negotiation is completed. If set to enabled, a route will be created which directs packets
to the remote end of the PPP link.
Specific Route: This setting specifies whether the route created when a PPP link comes up is a specific
or default route. If set to enabled, the route created will only apply to packets for the subnet at the remote
end of the PPP link. The address of this subnet is obtained during IPCP negotiation.
Subnet Mask: This sets the subnet mask used for the local IP interface connected to the PPP transport.
If the value 0.0.0.0 is supplied, the netmask will be calculated from the class of the IP address obtained
during IPCP negotiation.
Route Mask: This sets the subnet mask used by the route that is created when a PPP link comes up. If it
is set to 0.0.0.0, the subnet mask is determined by the IP address of the remote end of the link. The class
of the IP address is obtained during IPCP (Internet Protocol Control Protocol) negotiation.
MRU: Maximum Receive Unit. This is negotiated during the LCP protocol stage.
Discover Primary / Secondary DNS: This setting enables/disables whether the primary/secondary DNS
server address is requested from a remote PPP peer using IPCP. The default setting for this command is
enabled.
Give DNS to Relay: This controls whether the PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) can request
the DNS server IP address for a remote PPP peer. Once IPCP has discovered the DNS server IP address,
it automatically gives the address to the local DNS relay so that a connection can be established.
Give DNS to Client: Controls whether the PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) can request a
DNS server IP address for a remote PPP peer. Once IPCP has discovered the DNS server IP address, it
automatically gives the address to the local DNS client so that a connection can be established.
Give DNS to DHCP Server: Similar to the above, but gives the DNS server address to the DHCP server.
Discover Primary NBNS / Discover Secondary NBNS: This setting enables/disables whether the
primary/secondary NBNS server address is requested from a remote PPP peer using IPCP. The default
setting for this command is disabled.
Discover Subnet Mask: This specifies if the subnet mask given by IPCP negotiation process is to be
used.
Give Subnet Mask To DHCP Server: Enable to change your DHCP Server settings by using the given
information in IPCP negotiation process.
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IPoA Routed Connections
Description: User-definable name for the connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet through
a single IP account, sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have public IP addresses and can
access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be disabled.
IP Assignment
~ Obtain an IP address automatically via DHCP client: This specifies if the router is to get an
IP address from the ISP (Internet Service Provider) automatically.
~ Use the following IP Address: this is to specify the IP address manually; this IP should be
given by your ISP.
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific headers)
that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
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PPPoE Connections
Description: User-definable name for this connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP. The Telkom standard settings are 8 and 35.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet through
a single ISP account, sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have public IP addresses and can
access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be disabled.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric characters
(case sensitive). This will usually be in the format of “[email protected]” instead of simply “username”.
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric characters
(case sensitive).
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP will provide you the
information. Maximum input is 20 alphanumeric characters.
IP Address: This specifies if the router can get an IP address from the Internet Server Provider (ISP)
automatically or not. Please click Obtain an IP address automatically via DHCP (default setting) client
to enable the DHCP client function or click Specify an IP address to disable the DHCP client function,
and specify the IP address manually. To connect to the Telkom network, please leave this at the default
value .
Authentication Protocol: Default is Chap(Auto). Your ISP will advise you whether to use Chap or Pap.
Connection
~ Always on: If you want the router to establish a PPPoE session when starting up and to
automatically re-establish the PPPoE session when disconnected by the ISP.
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~ Connect on Demand: If you want to establish a PPPoE session only when there is a packet
requesting access to the Internet (i.e. when a program on your computer attempts to access the
Internet).
Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the router when there is no activity on the line for a predetermined period
of time.
~ Detail: You can define destination port and packet type (TCP/UDP) information that will not
result in the router checking the timer. It allows you to set which outgoing traffic will not trigger and
reset the idle timer..
RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific headers)
that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
Advanced Options (PPPoE)
LLC Header: Selects encapsulation mode. Select true to use LLC or false to use VC-Mux.
Create Route: This setting specifies whether a route is added to the system after IPCP (Internet Protocol
Control Protocol) negotiation is completed. If set to enabled, a route will be created which directs packets
to the remote end of the PPP link.
Specific Route: This specifies whether the route created when a PPP link comes up is a specific or
default route. If set to enabled, the route created will only apply to packets for the subnet at the remote
end of the PPP link. The address of this subnet is obtained during IPCP negotiation.
Subnet Mask: This sets the subnet mask used for the local IP interface connected to the PPP transport.
If the value 0.0.0.0 is supplied, the netmask will be calculated from the class of the IP address obtained
during IPCP negotiation.
Route Mask: This sets the subnet mask used by the route that is created when a PPP link comes up. If it
is set to 0.0.0.0, the subnet mask is determined by the IP address of the remote end of the link. The class
of the IP address is obtained during IPCP (Internet Protocol Control Protocol) negotiation.
MRU: Maximum Receive Unit. This is negotiated during the LCP protocol stage.
Discover Primary / Secondary DNS: This setting enables/disables whether the primary/secondary DNS
server address is requested from a remote PPP peer using IPCP. The default setting for this command is
enabled.
Give DNS to Relay: This controls whether the PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) can
request the DNS server IP address for a remote PPP peer. Once IPCP has discovered the DNS server IP
address, it automatically gives the address to the local DNS relay so that a connection can be
established.
Give DNS to Client: This controls whether the PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) can
request a DNS server IP address for a remote PPP peer. Once IPCP has discovered the DNS server IP
address, it automatically gives the address to the local DNS client so that a connection can be
established.
Give DNS to DHCP Server: Similar to the above, but gives the DNS server address to the DHCP server.
Discover Primary NBNS / Discover Secondary NBNS: This setting enables/disables whether the
primary/secondary NBNS server address is requested from a remote PPP peer using IPCP. The default
setting for this command is disabled.
Discover Subnet Mask: Specifies if the subnet mask given by IPCP negotiation process is to be used.
Give Subnet Mask To DHCP Server: Enable to change your DHCP Server settings by using the given
information in IPCP negotiation process.
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PPPoE with Pass-through Connections
PPPoE with pass-through adopts the following method: PPPoE Routed mode + 1483 Bridge Mode. With
pure PPPoE connection, the router can get one WAN address for the router. With the PPPoE and
PPPoE pass-through, concurrently, it allows users to have a WAN address assigned to the router but also
able to get another WAN IP from their ISP using PPPoE dialer (e.g WinPoETor Windows XP PPPoE
Dialer) at the same time.
Description: User-definable name for this connection.
VPI/VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
NAT: The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature allows multiple users to access the Internet through
a single ISP account, sharing a single IP address. If users on your LAN have public IP addresses and can
access the Internet directly, the NAT function can be disabled.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric characters
(case sensitive). This will usually be in the format of “[email protected]” instead of simply “username”.
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP. You can input up to 128 alphanumeric characters
(case sensitive).
Service Name: This item is for identification purposes. If it is required, your ISP will provide you the
information. Maximum input is 20 alphanumeric characters.
IP Address: This specifies if the router can get an IP address from the Internet Server Provider (ISP)
automatically or not. Please click Obtain an IP address automatically via DHCP client to enable the
DHCP client functionality or click Specify an IP address to disable the DHCP client functionality, and
specify the IP address manually. The setting of this item is specified by your ISP.
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Authentication Protocol: Default is Chap(Auto). Your ISP will advise you whether to use Chap or Pap.
Connection:
~ Always on: If you want the router to establish a PPPoE session when starting up and to
automatically re-establish the PPPoE session when disconnected by the ISP.
~ Connect on Demand: If you want to establish a PPPoE session only when there is a packet
requesting access to the Internet (i.e. when a program on your computer attempts to access the
Internet).
Idle Timeout: Auto-disconnect the broadband firewall gateway when there is no activity on the line for a
predetermined period of time.
~ Detail: You can define destination port and packet type (TCP/UDP) information that will not
result in the router checking the timer. It allows you to set which outgoing traffic will not trigger
and reset the idle timer.
~ RIP: RIP v1, RIP v2, and RIP v2 Multicast. Check to enable RIP function.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit. The size of the largest datagram (excluding media-specific headers)
that IP will attempt to send through the interface.
Advanced Options (PPPoE)
LLC Header: Selects encapsulation mode. Select true to use LLC or false to use VC-Mux.
Create Route: This setting specifies whether a route is added to the system after IPCP (Internet Protocol
Control Protocol) negotiation is completed. If set to enabled, a route will be created which directs packets
to the remote end of the PPP link.
Specific Route: This specifies whether the route created when a PPP link comes up is a specific or
default route. If set to enabled, the route created will only apply to packets for the subnet at the remote
end of the PPP link. The address of this subnet is obtained during IPCP negotiation.
Subnet Mask: This sets the subnet mask used for the local IP interface connected to the PPP transport.
If the value 0.0.0.0 is supplied, the netmask will be calculated from the class of the IP address obtained
during IPCP negotiation.
Route Mask: This sets the subnet mask used by the route that is created when a PPP link comes up. If it
is set to 0.0.0.0, the subnet mask is determined by the IP address of the remote end of the link. The class
of the IP address is obtained during IPCP (Internet Protocol Control Protocol) negotiation.
MRU: Maximum Receive Unit. This is negotiated during the LCP protocol stage.
Discover Primary / Secondary DNS: This setting enables/disables whether the primary/secondary DNS
server address is requested from a remote PPP peer using IPCP. The default setting for this command is
enabled.
Give DNS to Relay: This controls whether the PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) can
request the DNS server IP address for a remote PPP peer. Once IPCP has discovered the DNS server IP
address, it automatically gives the address to the local DNS relay so that a connection can be
established.
Give DNS to Client: This controls whether the PPP Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) can
request a DNS server IP address for a remote PPP peer. Once IPCP has discovered the DNS server IP
address, it automatically gives the address to the local DNS client so that a connection can be
established.
Give DNS to DHCP Server: Similar to the above, but gives the DNS server address to the DHCP server.
Discover Primary NBNS / Discover Secondary NBNS: This setting enables/disables whether the
primary/secondary NBNS server address is requested from a remote PPP peer using IPCP. The default
setting for this command is disabled.
Discover Subnet Mask: Specifies if the subnet mask given by IPCP negotiation process is to be used.
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Give Subnet Mask To DHCP Server: Enable to change your DHCP Server settings by using the given
information in IPCP negotiation process.
DNS
A Domain Name System (DNS) contains a mapping table for mapping between Domain Names and IP
addresses. On the Internet, every host has a unique and user-friendly name (domain name) such as
www.helloworld.com as well as an IP address. An IP address is a 32-bit number in the form of
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx, for example 10.0.0.2. You can think of an IP address as a telephone number for devices
on the Internet, and the DNS will allow you to find the telephone number for any particular domain name.
As an IP Address is hard to remember, the DNS converts the friendly name into its equivalent IP Address.
You can obtain a Domain Name System (DNS) IP address automatically if your ISP provides it when you
logon. To use this automatically supplied DNS check the Enable box. Usually when you choose PPPoE
or PPPoA as your WAN - ISP protocol, the ISP will provide the DNS IP address automatically. You may
leave the configuration field blank.
Alternatively, your ISP may provide you with an IP address of their DNS. If this is the case, you must enter
the DNS IP address manually.
If you choose one of the other three protocols ─ RFC1483 Routed/Bridged or IPoA, please check with
your ISP as it may provide you with an IP address for their DNS server. You will need to enter the DNS IP
address if you set the DNS of your PC to the LAN IP address of this router.
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ADSL
Connect Mode: This mode will automatically detect your ADSL line mode, ADSL2+, ADSL2, G.dmt,
G.lite, T1.413, AnnexM2 or AnnexM2+. But in some areas, multimode cannot detect the ADSL line mode
very well. If it is the case, please adjust the ADSL line code to G.dmt first. If it still fails, ,please check with
your ISP for line connect information.
Activate Line: Select false and then select true to activate any new Connect Mode settings.
Coding Gain: This reduces the router’s transmit power and will effect to router’s downstream
performance. General, the higher the gain, the higher the downstream rate, but sometimes a gain that is
too high will cause an unstable ADSL connection. The configurable ADSL coding gain is from 0 dB to 7dB,
or automatic.
Tx Attenuation: This is the ADSL transmission power that the modem is using. The lower the power
the better performance in router’s upstream. Configurable value is between 0~12.
DSP Firmware Version: Current ADSL line code firmware version.
Connected: Display current ADSL line sync status.
Operational Mode: Display current ADSL mode standard (Operational Mode) that your Router is using
when ADSL line has sync.
Annex Type: ADSL Annex A, which works over a standard telephone line. Annex B, which works over an
ISDN line. In South Africa, we always use Annex A
Upstream: Display current upstream rate of your ADSL line.
Downstream: Display current downstream rate of your ADSL line.
Advanced Options
ADSL Parameters help to interpret your ADSL line statistics.
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SNR Margin: This is known as Signal to Noise Ration Margin. It is the ratio between DSL strength and
signal noise. This margin is measured in decibels (dB). Higher the dB figures better the DSL strength is
relative to the noise, and better chance to get faster speed. THE HIGHER THE BETTER
Line Attenuation: This measures the signal loss in decibel (dB) between the DSLAM and the router. The
lower the attenuation dB figures, the better the DSL strength/speed. THE LOWER THE BETTER.
CRC Errors: It is known as Cyclic Redundancy Check Error.
transmission errors.
It is the use of checksums to detect
Latency: This includes two channels, Fast and Interleaved. It displays the channel adopted by your ISP.
Capability: There are more combinational ADSL modulation modes to be selected.
~
GDMT: ADSL connection will be limited to ADSL1 (G.DMT / G.Lite) only.
~ BIS+: ADSL connection will be limited to ADSL2+ only. (If you are ADSL1 subscriber DO NOT
select this option).
~
BIS+/T1413: ADSL connection will be limited to ADSL2+ and ADSL1 T1.413 only.
~
BIS+/BIS: ADSL connection will be limited to ADSL2+ and ADSL2 only.
~ BIS+/BIS/GDMT/T1413: ADSL connection will be limited to ADSL2+, ADSL2 and ADSL1
G.DMT & G.Lite & T1.413.
~ BIS+/BIS/T1413: ADSL connection will be limited to ADSL2+, ADSL2 and T1.413.
~ BIS+/BIS/GDMT: ADSL connection will be limited to ADSL2+, ADSL2 and ADS1 (G.DMT/G.Lite)
only.
~
DISABLE: This disable function will disconnect your ADSL synch.
Use it with caution.
S=1/2 Mode: This is a ADSL1 protocol that can increase the downstream speed up to 12Mpb.
check further with your ISP if this option can be enabled or not.
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System
Here are the items within the System section: Time Zone, Remote Access, Firmware Upgrade,
Backup/Restore, Restart and User Management.
Time Zone
This router does not have a real time clock on board; instead, it uses the Simple Network Time Protocol
(SNTP) to get the current time from an SNTP server outside your network. Choose your local time zone,
click Enable and click the Apply button. After a successful connection to the Internet, the router will
retrieve the correct local time from the SNTP server you have specified. If you prefer to specify an SNTP
server other than those in the list, simply enter its IP address as shown above. Your ISP may provide an
SNTP server for you to use.
Daylight Saving is also known as Summer Time Period. Many places in the world adopt this during
summer time to move one hour of daylight from morning to the evening in local standard time. Check
Automatic box to automatically set your local time.
Resync Period (in minutes) is the periodic interval the router will wait before it re-synchronizes the
router’s time with that of the specified SNTP server. In order to avoid unnecessarily increasing the load
on your specified SNTP server you should keep the poll interval as high as possible – at the absolute
minimum every few hours or even days.
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Remote Access
To temporarily permit remote administration of the router (i.e. from outside your LAN), select a time period
the router will permit remote access for and click Enable. You may change other configuration options for
the web administration interface using Device Management options in the Advanced section of the GUI.
If you wish to permanently enable remote access, choose a time period of 0 minute.
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Firmware Upgrade
Your router’s “firmware” is the software that allows it to operate and provides all its functionality. Think of
your router as a dedicated computer, and the firmware as the software it runs. Over time this software
may be improved and modified. Your router allows you to upgrade the software it runs to take advantage
of these changes.
Clicking on Browse will allow you to select the new firmware image file you have downloaded to your PC.
Once the correct file is selected, click Upgrade to update the firmware in your router.
DO NOT power down the router or interrupt the firmware upgrading while
it is still in process. Improper operation could damage the router.
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Backup / Restore
These functions allow you to save and backup your router’s current settings to a file on your Computer, or
to restore a previously saved backup. This is useful if you wish to experiment with different settings,
knowing that you have a backup handy in the case of any mistakes. It is advisable to backup your router’s
settings before making any significant changes to your router’s configuration, as well as before
performing a firmware upgrade.
Press Backup to select where on your local computer to save the settings file. You may also change the
name of the file when saving if you wish to keep multiple backups.
Press Browse to select a file from your computer to restore. You should only restore settings files that
have been generated by the Backup function, and that were created when using the current version of
the router’s firmware. Settings files saved to your computer should not be manually edited in any
way.
After selecting the settings file you wish to use, pressing Restore will load those settings into the router.
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Restart Router
Click Restart with option Current Settings to reboot your router (and restore your last saved
configuration).
If you wish to restart the router using the factory default settings (for example, after a firmware upgrade or
if you have saved an incorrect configuration), select Factory Default Settings to reset to factory default
settings.
You may also reset your router to factory settings by holding the small RESET pinhole button on the back
of your router in for more than 6 seconds whilst the router is turned on, and then power cycling your
router.
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User Management
In order to prevent unauthorized access to your router’s configuration interface, it requires all users to
login with a password. You can set up multiple user accounts, each with their own password.
You are able to Edit existing users and Create new users who are able to access the device’s
configuration interface. Once you have clicked on Edit, you are shown the following options:
You can change the user’s password, whether their account is active and valid, as well as add a
comment to each user account. These options are the same when creating a user account, with the
exception that once created you cannot change the username. You cannot delete the default admin
account; however, you can delete any other created accounts by clicking Delete when editing the user.
You are strongly advised to change the password on the default “admin” account when you receive your
router, and any time you reset your configuration to Factory Defaults.
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Firewall and Access Control
Your router includes a full SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection) firewall for controlling Internet access from
your LAN, as well as helping to prevent attacks from hackers. In addition to this, when using NAT, the
router acts as a “natural” Internet firewall, as all PCs on your LAN will use private IP addresses that
cannot be directly accessed from the Internet.
Firewall: Prevents access from outside your network. The router provides three levels of security
support:
NAT natural firewall: This masks LAN users’ IP addresses making them invisible to outside users on the
Internet, thus making it much more difficult for a hacker to target any machine on your network. This
natural firewall is on when NAT function is enabled.
When using the Virtual Servers function, your PCs will be exposed to the
degree specified in your Virtual Server settings, provided that the ports
specified are opened in your firewall packet filter settings.
Firewall Security and Policy (General Settings): Inbound direction of Packet Filter rules to prevent
unauthorized WAN computers or applications accessing your local network from the Internet.
Intrusion Detection: Enable Intrusion Detection to detect, prevent and log malicious attacks.
Access Control: Prevents access from computers on your local network:
Firewall Security and Policy (General Settings): Outbound direction of Packet Filter rules to prevent
unauthorized LAN computers or applications accessing the Internet.
URL Filter:
Blocks computers on your local network from unwanted websites.
Here are the items within the Firewall section: General Settings, Packet Filter, Intrusion Detection,
URL Filter, IM/P2P Blocking and Firewall Log.
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General Settings
You can choose not to enable the Firewall and still have access to URL Filter and IM/P2P Blocking, or you
can enable the Firewall using preset filter rules and modify the port filter rules as required. The Packet
Filter is used to filter packets based-on Applications (Port) or IP addresses.
There are four options when you enable the Firewall, they are:
~ All blocked/User-defined: No pre-defined port or address filter rules by default, meaning that
all inbound (Internet to LAN) and outbound (LAN to Internet) packets will be blocked. Users have to
add their own filter rules for further access to the Internet.
~ High/Medium/Low security level: The predefined port filter rules for High, Medium and Low
security are displayed in Port Filters of Packet Filter.
Select either High, Medium or Low security level to enable the Firewall. The only difference between
these three security levels is the preset port filter rules in the Packet Filter. Firewall functionality is the
same for all levels; it is only the list of preset port filters that changes between each setting. For more
detailed on level of preset port filter information, refer to Table 1: Predefined Port Filter.
If you choose one of the preset security levels and add custom filters, this level of filter rules will be saved
and you do not need to re-configure the rules again if you disable or switch to other firewall level.
The “Block WAN Request” is a stand-alone function and not related to whether security is enabled or
disabled. Mostly this is used to preventing a hacker on the WAN from using any scan tools..
Attempting to perform this action remotely may result in blocking of all
access to configuration and managment of the device from the Internet.
Use this with caution when connecting over the WAN
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Packet Filter
This function is only available when the firewall function is enabled and one of these four security levels is
chosen (All blocked, High, Medium and Low). The preset port filter rules in the Packet Filter must be
modified according to the level of Firewall which is selected. See Table1: Predefined Port Filter for
more detail information.
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Example: Predefined Port Filters Rules
The predefined port filter rules for High, Medium and Low security levels are listed. See Table 1.
Note: Firewall – For Blocked/User-defined, you must define and create the port filter rules yourself. No
predefined rules are configured for these modes.
Table 1: Predefined Port Filter
Application
Protocol
Port Number
Start
End
Firewall - Low
Firewall - Medium
Firewall – High
Inbound Outbound Inbound Outbound Inbound Outbound
HTTP(80)
TCP(6)
80
80
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
DNS (53)
UDP(17) 53
53
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
DNS (53)
TCP(6)
53
53
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
FTP(21)
TCP(6)
21
21
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
NO
Telnet(23)
TCP(6)
23
23
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
NO
SMTP(25)
TCP(6)
25
25
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
POP3(110)
TCP(6)
110
110
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
TCP(6)
119
119
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
NO
NEWS(NNTP)
(Network
News
Transfer Protocol)
RealAudio/
RealVideo
(7070)
UDP(17) 7070 7070
YES
YES
YES
YES
NO
NO
PING
ICMP(1) N/A
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
H.323(1720)
TCP(6)
1720 1720
YES
YES
NO
YES
NO
NO
T.120(1503)
TCP(6)
1503 1503
YES
YES
NO
YES
NO
NO
SSH(22)
TCP(6)
22
22
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
NO
NTP /SNTP
UDP(17) 123
123
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
HTTP/HTTP
Proxy
(8080)
TCP(6)
8080 8080
NO
YES
NO
NO
NO
NO
HTTPS(443)
TCP(6)
443
NO
YES
NO
YES
N/A
N/A
ICQ (5190)
TCP(6)
5190 5190
YES
YES
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
MSN (1863)
TCP(6)
1863 1863
YES
YES
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
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MSN (7001)
UDP(17) 7001 7001 YES
MSN VEDIO
TCP(6)
(9000)
9000 9000 NO
YES
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
YES
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Inbound: Internet to LAN ; Outbound: LAN to Internet.
YES: Allowed ; NO: Blocked ; N/A: Not Applicable
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Packet Filter – Add TCP/UDP Filter
Rule Name: Specify a User-defined description identifying this entry or click
existing predefined rules. The maximum name length is 32 characters.
to select
Time Schedule: This is the user-defined time period applicable to the rule. You may specify a time
schedule for your prioritization policy. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule section
Source IP Address(es) / Destination IP Address(es): This is the Address-Filter used to allow or block
traffic to/from particular IP address(es). Selecting the Subnet Mask of the IP address range you wish to
allow/block the traffic to or form; set IP address and Subnet Mask to 0.0.0.0 to inactive the Address-Filter
rule. (such as when you are setting up a port filter rule that is applicable to all hosts)
Tip: To block access, to/from a single IP address, enter that IP address as the Host IP Address and
use a Host Subnet Mask of “255.255.255.255”.
Type: It is the packet protocol type used by the application, select TCP, UDP or both TCP/UDP.
Source Port: This Port or Port Range defines the port allowed to be used by the Remote/WAN to
connect to the application. The default is 0 ~ 65535. It is recommended that this option only be configured
by advanced users.
Destination Port:
This is the Port (or Port Range) that is defined by the application.
Inbound / Outbound: Select Allow or Block to control access to the Internet (“Outbound”) or from
the Internet (“Inbound”).
Click the Apply button to apply your changes.
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Packet Filter – Add Raw IP Filter
Rule Name: Specifies a user-defined description identifying this entry or click
existing predefined rules.
to select
Time Schedule: this is the user-defined time period applicable to the rule. You may specify a time
schedule for your prioritization policy. For setup and detail, refer to Time Schedule section
Protocol Number: Insert the port number, i.e. GRE 47.
Inbound / Outbound: Select Allow or Block to control access to the Internet (“Outbound”) or from
the Internet (“Inbound”).
Click the Apply button to apply your changes.
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Example: Configuring your firewall to allow for a publicly accessible web server on your LAN
The predefined port filter rule for HTTP (TCP port 80) is the same no matter whether the firewall is set to a
high, medium or low security level. To setup a web server located on the local network when the firewall is
enabled, you have to configure the Port Filters setting for HTTP.
As you can see from the diagram below, when the firewall is enabled with one of the three presets
(Low/Medium/High), inbound HTTP access is not allowed which means remote access through HTTP to
your router is not allowed.
Note: Inbound indicates accessing from Internet to LAN and Outbound is from LAN to the Internet.
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Configuring Packet Filter:
1.
Click Port Filters. You will then be presented with the predefined port filter rules screen (in this case,
for the low security level) shown below:
Note: You may edit the predefined rule instead of deleting it. This is an example showing to how you add a
filter on your own.
Click Delete
2.
Click Delete to delete the existing HTTP rule.
3.
Click Add TCP/UDP Filter.
Click Add TCP/UDP Filter
4.
Input the Rule Name, Time Schedule, Source/Destination IP, Type, Source/Destination Port,
Inbound and Outbound.
Example:
Application: Cindy_HTTP
Time Schedule: Always On
Source / Destination IP Address(es): 0.0.0.0 (I do not wish to active the address-filter, instead I
use the port-filter)
Type: TCP (Please refer to Table1: Predefined Port Filter)
Source Port: 0-65535 (I allow all ports to connect with the application))
Redirect Port: 80-80 (This is Port defined for HTTP)
Inbound / Outbound: Allow
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5.
The new port filter rule for HTTP is shown below:
6.
Configure your Virtual Server (“port forwarding”) settings so that incoming HTTP requests on port 80
will be forwarded to the PC running your web server:
Note: For how to configure the HTTP in Virtual Server mode , go to Add Virtual Server in the Virtual Server
section for more details.
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Intrusion Detection
The router’s Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is used to detect hacker attacks and intrusion attempts
from the Internet. If the IDS function of the firewall is enabled, inbound packets are filtered and blocked
depending on whether they are detected as possible hacker attacks, intrusion attempts or other
connections that the router determines to be suspicious.
Blacklist: If the router detects a possible attack, the source IP or destination IP address will be added to
the Blacklist. Any further attempts using this IP address will be blocked for the time period specified as the
Block Duration. The default setting for this function is disable. Some attack types are denied
immediately without using the Blacklist function, such as Land attack and Echo/CharGen scan.
Intrusion Detection: If enabled, IDS will block Smurf attack attempts. Default is disable.
Block Duration:
~ Victim Protection Block Duration: This is the duration for blocking Smurf attacks. Default
value is 600 seconds.
~ Scan Attack Block Duration: This is the duration for blocking hosts that attempt a possible
Scan attack. Scan attack types include X’mas scan, IMAP SYN/FIN scan and similar attempts.
Default value is 86400 seconds.
~ DoS Attack Block Duration: This is the duration for blocking hosts that attempt a possible
Denial of Service (DoS) attack. Possible DoS attacks this attempts to block include Ascend Kill and
WinNuke. Default value is 1800 seconds.
Max TCP Open Handshaking Count: This is a threshold value to decide whether a SYN Flood attempt
is occurring or not. Default value is 100 TCP SYN per seconds.
Max PING Count: This is a threshold value to decide whether an ICMP Echo Storm is occurring or not.
Default value is 15 ICMP Echo Requests (PING) per second.
Max ICMP Count: This is a threshold to decide whether an ICMP flood is occurring or not. Default value
is 100 ICMP packets per seconds except ICMP Echo Requests (PING).
For SYN Flood, ICMP Echo Storm and ICMP flood, IDS will just warn the user in the Event Log. The
router cannot protect against such attacks.
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Table 2: Hacker attack types recognized by the IDS
Intrusion Name
Detect Parameter
Blacklist
Type of Block
Drop Packet Show Log
Duration
Ascend Kill
Ascend Kill data
Src IP
DoS
Yes
Yes
WinNuke
TCP
Port 135, 137~139, Src IP
Flag: URG
DoS
Yes
Yes
Smurf
ICMP type 8
Dst IP
Des IP is broadcast
Victim
Protection
Yes
Yes
Land attack
SrcIP = DstIP
Yes
Yes
Echo/CharGen Scan
UDP Echo Port and
CharGen Port
Yes
Yes
Echo Scan
UDP Dst
Echo(7)
Port
=
CharGen Scan
UDP Dst Port
CharGen(19)
=
X’mas Tree Scan
TCP Flag: X’mas
Src IP
Scan
Yes
Yes
Src IP
Scan
Yes
Yes
Src IP
Scan
Yes
Yes
IMAP
SYN/FIN Scan
TCP Flag: SYN/FIN
DstPort: IMAP(143) Src IP
SrcPort: 0 or 65535
Scan
Yes
Yes
SYN/FIN/RST/ACK
Scan
TCP,
No Existing session
Src IP
And Scan Hosts
more than five.
Scan
Yes
Yes
Net Bus Scan
TCP
No Existing session
SrcIP
DstPort = Net Bus
12345,12346, 3456
Scan
Yes
Yes
Back Orifice Scan
UDP, DstPort =
SrcIP
Orifice Port (31337)
Scan
Yes
Yes
SYN Flood
Max TCP Open
Handshaking Count
(Default 100 c/sec)
Yes
ICMP Flood
Max ICMP Count
(Default 100 c/sec)
Yes
ICMP Echo
Max PING Count
(Default 15 c/sec)
Yes
Src IP: Source IP
Dst Port: Destination Port
Chapter 4: Configuration
Src Port: Source Port
Dst IP: Destination IP
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URL Filter
URL (Uniform Resource Locator – e.g. an address in the form of http://www.abcde.com or
http://www.example.com) filter rules allow you to prevent users on your network from accessing particular
websites by their URL. There are no pre-defined URL filter rules; you can add filter rules to meet your
requirements.
Enable/Disable: To enable or disable the URL Filter feature.
Block Mode: A list of the URL filter rule time modes from which you can choose . The default is set to
Always On.
~ Disabled: No action will be performed by the Block Mode.
~ Always On: Action is enabled.
the day.
URL filter rules will be monitoring and checking at all hours of
~ TimeSlot1 ~ TimeSlot16: these are user-defined time periods. You may specify the time
period during which the URL filter rules apply, i.e. during working hours. For setup and details,
refer to Time Schedule section.
Keywords Filtering: Allows blocking by specific keywords within a particular URL rather than having to
specify a complete URL (e.g. to block any image called “advertisement.gif”). When enabled, your
specified keywords list will be checked to see if any keywords are present in URLs accessed to determine
if the connection attempt should be blocked. Please note that the URL filter blocks web browser (HTTP)
connection attempts using port 80 only.
For example, if the URL is http://www.abc.com/abcde.html, it will be dropped if the keyword “abcde”
occurs in the URL.
Domains Filtering: This function checks the whole URL (not the IP address) in URLs accessed against
your list of domains to block or allow. If it is matched, the URL request will be sent (Trusted) or dropped
(Forbidden). For this function to be activated, both check-boxes must be checked. Here is the
checking procedure:
1.
The router checks the domain in the URL to determine if it is in the trusted list. If it is, the
connection attempt is sent to correct the remote web server.
2.
If not, the router checks if the domain is listed in the forbidden list. If it is, then the
Chapter 4: Configuration
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connection attempt will be dropped.
3.
If the packet does not match either of the above two items, it is sent to the remote web
server.
4.
Please note that the completed URL, “www” + domain name should be specified. For
example to block traffic to www.google.com.au, enter “www.google” or
“www.google.com”
In the example below, the URL request for www.abc.com will be sent to the remote web server because it
is listed in the trusted list, whilst the URL request for www.google or www.google.com will be dropped,
because www.google is in the forbidden list.
Example: Andy wishes to disable all WEB traffic except for ones listed in the trusted domain, which
would prevent Bobby from accessing other web sites. Andy selects both check boxes in Domain
Filtering and thinks that this will stop Bobby. But Bobby knows this function, Domain Filtering, ONLY
disables all WEB traffic except for Trusted Domain, BUT not connections using IP addresses. In this
situation, the Block surfing by IP address function can be handy and helpful to Andy. Now, Andy can
prevent Bobby from accessing sites, both by IP and by domain name.
Restrict URL Features: This function enhances your URL rules.
~ Block Java Applet: This function can block Web content that includes a Java Applet. This is to
prevent someone who wants to damage your system via standard HTTP protocol.
~ Block surfing by IP address: This prevents someone who uses the IP address as URL from
skipping the Domains Filtering function. This is only Activate if Domain Filtering is enabled.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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IM / P2P Blocking
IM, short for Instant Messaging, is required to use client program software that allows users to
communicate, exchanging text message, with other IM users, in real time, over the Internet. A P2P
application, known as Peer-to-Peer, is a group of computer users who share files to specific groups of
people across the Internet. Both Instant Messaging and Peer-to-Peer applications make communication
faster and easier, but your network can become increasingly insecure at the same time. This router’s IM
and P2P blocking system helps users to restrict LAN computers from access to the commonly used IM,
Yahoo and MSN, and P2P, BitTorrent and eDonkey, applications over the Internet.
Instant Message Blocking: The default is Disabled.
~
Disabled: The Instant Messaging blocking function is not activated. No blocking will be
Performed.
~
Always On: The Instant Messaging blocking function is activated. Blocking is enabled.
~ TimeSlot1 ~ TimeSlot16: These are user-defined time periods. You may specify the time
period during which the blocking is active, i.e. during working hours. For setup and details, refer
to Time Schedule section.
Yahoo/MSN Messenger: Select this box to block either Yahoo and/or MSN Messenger.
you have enabled the Instant Message Blocking first.
Be sure that
Peer to Peer Blocking: The default is Disabled.
~
Disabled: The Instant Messaging blocking function is not active. No connections will be blocked
~
Always On The Instant Messaging blocking function is activated. Blocking is enabled.
~ TimeSlot1 ~ TimeSlot16: These are user-defined time periods. You may specify the time
period during which the blocking is active, i.e. during working hours. For setup and details, refer
to Time Schedule section.
BitTorrent / eDonkey: Select this box to block either Bit Torrent and/or eDonkey.
have first enabled the Peer to Peer Blocking function.
Chapter 4: Configuration
To be sure you
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Mega 200VWR Router
Firewall Log
The Firewall Log displays log information of any unexpected action with your firewall settings.
Select the Enable box to activate the logging.
Log information can be seen in the Status – Event Log screen after enabling.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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VPN - Virtual Private Networks
Virtual Private Networks are a way to establish secured communication tunnels to an organization’s
network via the Internet. Your router supports three main types of VPN (Virtual Private Network), PPTP,
IPSec and L2TP.
PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol)
There are two types of PPTP VPN’s supported; Remote Access and LAN-to-LAN (Please read below
for more information.). Click Create to configure a new VPN connection.
After you have created PPTP connection, it’s account status will be displayed. (See example above).
~ Enable / Disable: This function activates or deactivates the PPTP connection. If you wish to disable
the tunnel, select the Disable radio button and click on the Apply button to deactivate the connection.
Name: The user-defined name of the connection.
Type: This refers to your whether your router operates as a client or a server, select eather Dialout for
client, or Dialin for server.
Status: This informs you of your PPTP tunnel connection condition.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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PPTP Connection - Remote Access
Connection Name: A user-defined name for the connection (e.g. “connection to office”).
Type: Select Dial Out if you want your router to operate as a client (connecting to a remote VPN server,
e.g. your office server), select Dial In if you want your router to operate as a VPN server.
~ When configuring your router as a Client, enter the remote Server IP Address (or Domain
Name) you wish to connection to.
~ When configuring your router as a server, enter the Private IP Address Assigned to Dial in
User address.
Username: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the username provided by your Host.
Dial-In user (server), enter your own username.
If you are a
Password: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the password provided by your Host.
Dial-In user (server), enter your own password.
If you are a
PPP Authentication Type: Default is Auto. This is the correct setting if you want the router to determine
which authentication type to use, or else you can manually specify CHAP (Challenge Handshake
Authentication Protocol) or PAP (Password Authentication Protocol) if you know which type the server is
using (when acting as a client) When acting as a server, specify the authentication type you want clients
connecting to your router to use. When using PAP, the password is sent unencrypted, whilst CHAP
encrypts the password before sending, and also allows for challenges at different periods to ensure that
an intruder has not replaced the original client.
Data Encryption: Data sent over the VPN connection can be encrypted by an MPPE algorithm. Default
is Auto and this means that this setting is negotiated when establishing a connection. Alternativly, you
can manually Enable or Disable encryption.
Key Length: The data can be encrypted by MPPE algorithm with 40 bits or 128 bits. Default is Auto
which means that it is negotiated when establishing a connection. 128 bit keys provide stronger
encryption than 40 bit keys.
Mode: You may select Stateful or Stateless mode. The key will be changed every 256 packets when you
select Stateful mode. If you select Stateless mode, the key will be changed in each packet.
Idle Time: Auto-disconnect the VPN connection when there is no activity on the connection for a
predetermined period of time. 0 means this connection is always on.
Active as default route: If you select this option while using Dial-out connection, all packets will route
through the VPN tunnel to the Internet; therefore, activating the function may degrade Internet
Chapter 4: Configuration
79
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performance.
Click Apply button to apply your changes.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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Example: Configuring a Remote Access PPTP VPN Dial-out Connection
A company’s office establishes a PPTP VPN connection with a file server located at a separate location.
The router is installed in the office, and connected to a couple of PCs and Servers.
Dial-out
Chapter 4: Configuration
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Mega 200VWR Router
Configuring the PPTP VPN in the Office
You can either input the IP address (69.1.121.33 in this case) or hostname to reach the server.
1
2
3
4
5
Item
1
2
3
4
5
Connection Name
Dial out
Server IP Address
(or Hostname)
Username
Password
Auth.Type
Data Encryption
Key Length
Function
VPN_PPTP
69.121.1.33
The Dialed server’s IP
username
123456
Chap(Auto)
Auto
Auto
Your username & password to access the
server
Mode
stateful
Idle Time
0
Chapter 4: Configuration
Description
Given name of PPTP connection
Select Dial out
Keep as default value in most of the cases,
PPTP server & client will determine the value
automatically. Refer to the relevant section of
this manual for details if you want to change the
setting.
The connection will be disconnected when there
Is no traffic in a predefined period of time. Idle
time 0 means the connection is always on.
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PPTP Connection - LAN to LAN
Connection Name: User-defined description of the connection.
Type: Select Dial Out if you want your router to operate as a client (connecting to a remote VPN server,
e.g. your office server) or select Dial In operates as a VPN server.
~ When configuring your router as a Client, enter the remote Server IP Address (or Hostname)
you wish to connection to.
~ When configuring your router as a server, enter the Private IP Address Assigned to Dial in
User address.
Peer Network IP: Enter Peer network IP address.
Netmask: Enter the subnet mask of peer network based on the Peer Network IP setting.
Username: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the username provided by your Host.
Dial-In user (server), enter your own username.
If you are a
Password: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the password provided by your Host. If you are a
Dial-In user (server), enter your own password.
PPP Authentication Type: Default is Auto. Retain this setting if you want the router to determine the
authentication type to use, or else manually specify CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication
Protocol) or PAP (Password Authentication Protocol) if you know which type the server is using (when
acting as a client), When acting as a server, select the authentication type you want clients connecting to
you to use. When using PAP, the password is sent unencrypted, whilst CHAP encrypts the password
before sending, and also allows for challenges at different periods to ensure that the original client has
not been replaced by an intruder.
Data Encryption: Data sent over the VPN connection can be encrypted by an MPPE algorithm. Default
is Auto, so that this setting is negotiated when establishing a connection. Alternativly, you can manually
Enable or Disable encryption.
Key Length: The data can be encrypted by MPPE algorithm with 40 bits or 128 bits. Default is Auto,
which negotiates the that is used when establishing a connection. 128 bit keys provide stronger
encryption than 40 bit keys.
Mode: You may select Stateful or Stateless mode. The key will be changed every 256 packets when you
select Stateful mode. If you select Stateless mode, the key will be changed in each packet.
Idle Time: Auto-disconnects the VPN connection when there is no activity on the connection for a
predetermined period of time. 0 means this connection is always on.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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Click Apply button to apply your changes.
Chapter 4: Configuration
84
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Example: Configuring a PPTP LAN-to-LAN VPN Connection
The branch office establishes a PPTP VPN tunnel with head office to connect two private networks over
the Internet. The routers are installed in the head office and branch office accordingly.
Both office LAN networks MUST in different subnet when using the LAN
to LAN application.
Attention
Chapter 4: Configuration
85
Mega 200VWR Router
Configuring PPTP VPN in the Head Office
The IP address 192.168.1.200 will be assigned to the router located in the branch office. Please make
sure this IP is not used in the head office LAN.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
Function
Connection Name
Dial in
Private IP Address
Assigned to
Dialing User
Peer Network IP
Netmask
Username
Password
Auth.Type
Data Encryption
Key Length
Mode
Idle Time
0
Chapter 4: Configuration
Description
HeadOffice
Given name of the PPTP connection
Select Dial in
192.168.1.200
IP address assigned to branch office network
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
username
123456
Chap(Auto)
Auto
Auto
stateful
Branch office network
Input username & password to authenticate branch
office network
Keep as default value in most of the cases, PPTP
server & client will determine the value automatically.
Refer to this manual for details if you want to change
the setting.
The connection will be disconnected when there Is no
traffic in a predefined period of time. Idle time 0
means the connection is always on.
86
Mega 200VWR Router
Configuring PPTP VPN in the Branch Office
The IP address 69.1.121.30 is the Public IP address of the router located in head office. If you registered
a DDNS account (please refer to the DDNS section of this manual), you can also use the domain name
instead of the IP address to reach the router.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
Function
Connection Name
Dial out
Server IP Address
(or Hostname)
Peer Network IP
Netmask
Username
Password
Auth.Type
Data Encryption
Key Length
Mode
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
username
123456
Chap(Auto)
Auto
Auto
stateful
Idle Time
0
Chapter 4: Configuration
Description
BranchOffice
Given name of the PPTP connection
Select Dial out
69.121.1.33
IP address of the head office router (in WAN side)
Head office network
Input username & password to authenticate branch
office network
Keep as default value in most of the cases, PPTP
server & client will determine the value automatically.
Refer to this manual for details if you want to change the
setting.
The connection will be disconnected when there Is no
traffic in a predefined period of time. Idle time 0 means
the connection is always on.
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Mega 200VWR Router
IPSec (IP Security Protocol)
Click Create to create a new IPSec VPN connection account.
After you have created the IPSec connection, account information will be displayed. (See example
above).
Enable / Disable: This function activates or deactivates the IPSec connection. If you wish to disable the
tunnel, select Disable and click Apply to deactivate the connection.
Name: This is the user-defined name of the connection.
Local Subnet: Displays the IP address and subnet of the local network.
Remote Subnet: Displays the IP address and subnet of the remote network.
Remote Gateway: This is the IP address or Domain Name of the remote VPN device that is to be
connected and establish a VPN tunnel.
IPSec Proposal: This is selected IPSec security method.
Chapter 4: Configuration
88
Mega 200VWR Router
IPSec VPN Connection
Connection Name: The user-defined name for the connection (e.g. “connection to office”).
Local Network: Set the IP address, subnet or address range of the local network.
~
Single Address: The IP address of the local host.
~ Subnet: The subnet of the local network. For example, IP: 192.168.1.0 with netmask
255.255.255.0 specifies one class C subnet starting from 192.168.1.1 (i.e. 192.168.1.1 through to
192.168.1.254).
~ IP Range: The IP address range of the local network. For example, IP: 192.168.1.1, end IP:
192.168.1.10.
Remote Secure Gateway Address (or Domain Name): The IP address or hostname of the remote VPN
device that is to be connected to when establishing a VPN tunnel.
Remote Network: Set the IP address, subnet or address range of the remote network.
Proposal: Select the IPSec security method. There are two methods of checking the authentication
information, AH (authentication header) and ESP (Encapsulating Security Payload). Use ESP for greater
security so that data will be encrypted and authenticated. Using AH data will be authenticated but not
encrypted.
Authentication: Authentication establishes the integrity of the datagram and ensures it is not tampered
with during transmission. There are three options, Message Digest 5 (MD5), Secure Hash Algorithm
(SHA1) or NONE. SHA1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5, however it is slower.
~
MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
~
SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash.
Encryption: Select the encryption method from the pull-down menu. There are several options, DES,
3DES, AES (128, 192 and 256) and NULL. NULL means it is a tunnel only with no encryption. 3DES and
AES are more powerful but increase latency.
~
DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses 56 bits as an encryption method.
Chapter 4: Configuration
89
Mega 200VWR Router
~ 3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses 168 (56*3) bits as an encryption
method.
~ AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, you can use 128, 192 or 256 bits as
encryption method.
Perfect Forward Secrecy: Choose whether to enable PFS using Diffie-Hellman public-key cryptography
to change encryption keys during the second phase of VPN negotiation. This function will provide better
security, but extends the VPN negotiation time. Diffie-Hellman is a public-key cryptography protocol that
allows two parties to establish a shared secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the
Internet). There are three modes, MODP 768-bit, MODP 1024-bit and MODP 1536-bit. MODP stands for
Modular Exponentiation Groups.
Pre-shared Key: This is for the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol, a string from 4 to 128 characters.
Both sides should use the same key. IKE is used to establish a shared security policy and authenticated
keys for services (such as IPSec) that require a key. Before any IPSec traffic can be passed, each router
must be able to verify the identity of its peer. This can be done by manually entering the pre-shared key
into both sides (router or hosts).
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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Advanced Option
This function is only available after completely creating an IPSec account. Click Advanced Option to
change the following settings:
IKE (Internet key Exchange) Mode: Select IKE mode to Main mode or Aggressive mode.
provides secured key generation and key management.
This IKE
IKE Proposal:
Hash Function: This is a Message Digest algorithm which coverts any length of a message into a unique
set of bits. You can use either MD5 (Message Digest) or SHA-1 (Secure Hash Algorithm) algorithms.
SHA1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5, however it is slower.
~
MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
~
SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash
Encryption: Select the encryption method from the pull-down menu. There are several options, DES,
3DES and AES (128, 192 and 256). 3DES and AES are more powerful but increase latency.
~ DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses 56 bits as an encryption method.
~ 3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses 168 (56*3) bits as an encryption
method.
Chapter 4: Configuration
91
Mega 200VWR Router
~ AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, you can use 128, 192 or 256 bits as
encryption method.
Diffie-Hellman Group: It is a public-key cryptography protocol that allows two parties to establish a
shared secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the Internet). There are three modes,
MODP 768-bit, MODP 1024-bit and MODP 1536-bit. MODP stands for Modular Exponentiation Groups.
Local ID:
~
~
Type: Specify local ID type.
Content: Input ID’s information, like domain name www.ipsectest.com.
Remote ID:
~ Type: Specify Remote ID type.
~ Identifier: Input remote ID’s information, like domain name www.ipsectest.com.
SA Lifetime: Specify the number of minutes that a Security Association (SA) will stay active before new
encryption and authentication key will be exchanged. There are two kinds of SAs, IKE and IPSec. IKE
negotiates and establishes SA on behalf of IPSec, an IKE SA is used by IKE.
~ Phase 1 (IKE): Used to issue an initial connection request for a new VPN tunnel. Any value
can be selected between 5 and 15,000 minutes. The default is 480 minutes.
~ Phase 2 (IPSec): Used to negotiate and establish secure authentication. Any value can be
selected between 5 and 15,000 minutes. The default is 60 minutes.
A short SA time increases security by forcing the two parties to update the keys. However, every
time the VPN tunnel re-negotiates, access through the tunnel will be temporarily disconnected.
Ping to Keep Alive:
PING to the IP: The router is able to IP Ping the remote PC with a specified IP address and alert the user
when the connection fails. Once the alert message is received, the router will drop this tunnel
connection. The connection will need to be re-established. Default setting is 0.0.0.0 which disables this
function.
Interval: This sets the time interval between Pings to the IP function to monitor the connection status.
Default interval setting is 10 seconds. Time interval can be set to any value between 0 and 3600
seconds, 0 second disables this function.
Ping to the IP
Interval (sec)
Ping to the IP Action
0.0.0.0
0
No
0.0.0.0
2000
No
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx (Any valid IP Address)
0
No
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx(Any valid IP Address)
2000
Yes, activate it in every 2000
second.
Disconnection Time after no traffic: This is the “NO Response” timer. When no traffic is received for
more than the Disconnection time setting, the router will automatically halt the tunnel connection and
re-establish it base after the Reconnection Time has elapsed. 180 seconds is minimum time interval for
this function.
Reconnection Time: This is the reconnecting time interval after the NO TRAFFIC timeout has occurred.
3 minutes is minimum time interval for this function.
Select the Apply button to update the settings.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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Example: Configuring a IPSec LAN-to-LAN VPN Connection
Table 3: Network Configuration and Security Plan
Branch Office
Head Office
Local Network ID
192.168.0.0/24
192.168.1.0/24
Local Router IP
69.1.121.30
69.1.121.3
Remote Network ID
192.168.1.0/24
192.168.0.0/24
Remote Router IP
69.1.121.3
69.1.121.30
IKE Pre-shared Key
12345678
12345678
VPN Connection Type
Tunnel mode
Tunnel mode
Security Algorithm
ESP:MD5 with AES
ESP:MD5 with AES
Both office LAN networks MUST on different subnets when using the LAN to
LAN application.
Attention
The settings of Pre-shared Key, VPN Connection Type and Security Algorithm
MUST BE identically set up on both sides.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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Configuring IPSec VPN in the Head Office
1
2
3
4
5
Item
1
2
3
4
5
Function
Connection Name
Subnet
IP Address
Netmask
Secure Gateway Address
(or Hostname)
Subnet
IP Address
Netmask
ESP
Authentication
Encryption
Prefer Forward Security
Pre-shared Key
Chapter 4: Configuration
Description
IPSec_HeadOffice
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
69.121.1.30
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
Given name of the IPSec connection
Select the Subnet button
Head office network
IP address of the head office router (WAN
side)
Select the Subnet button
Branch office network
Select the ESP button
MD5
3DES
None
12345678
Security plan
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Mega 200VWR Router
Configuring IPSec VPN in the Branch Office
1
2
3
4
5
Item
1
2
3
4
5
Function
Connection Name
Subnet
IP Address
Netmask
Secure Gateway Address
(or Hostname)
Subnet
IP Address
Netmask
ESP
Authentication
Encryption
Prefer Forward Security
Pre-shared Key
Chapter 4: Configuration
Description
IPSec_Branch
Office
Given name of the IPSec connection
Select the Subnet button
192.168.0.0
Branch office network
255.255.255.0
IP address of the head office router (in WAN
69.121.1.3
side)
Select the Subnet button
192.168.1.0
Head office network
255.255.255.0
Select the ESP button
MD5
3DES
Security plan
None
12345678
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Example: Configuring a IPSec Host-to-LAN VPN Connection
Chapter 4: Configuration
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Configuring IPSec VPN in the Office
1
2
3
4
5
Item
1
2
3
4
5
Function
Connection Name
Subnet
IP Address
Netmask
Secure Gateway Address
(or Hostname)
Single Address
IP Address
ESP
Authentication
Encryption
Prefer Forward Security
Pre-shared Key
Chapter 4: Configuration
Description
IPSec
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
69.121.1.30
69.121.1.30
MD5
3DES
None
12345678
Given name of the IPSec connection
Select the Subnet button
Head office network
IP address of the head office router (in WAN
side)
Select the Single Address button
Remote computers IP address
Select the ESP button
Security plan
97
Mega 200VWR Router
L2TP (Layer Two Tunneling Protocol)
Two types of L2TP VPN are supported Remote Access and LAN-to-LAN (please refer below for more
information.). Click Create to create a new VPN connection account.
After you have created L2TP connection, the account status will be displayed. (As shown above).
~ Enable / Disable: This function activates or deactivates the L2TP connection. If you wish to disable
the tunnel, select the Disable button and click Apply to deactivate the connection.
Name: This is the user-defined name of this connection.
Type: This refers to whether your router operates as a client or a server, Dialout for client or Dialin for
server.
Status: This indicates your L2TP tunnel connection status.
Chapter 4: Configuration
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L2TP Connection - Remote Access
L2TP VPN Connection
Connection Name: A User-defined name for the connection (e.g. “connection to office”).
Type: Select Dial Out if you want your router to operate as a client (connecting to a remote VPN server,
e.g. your office server), select Dial In if you wish your router to operate as a VPN server.
~
When configuring your router as a Client, enter the remote Server IP Address (or Hostname)
that you wish to connection to.
~
When configuring your router as a server, enter the Private IP Address Assigned to Dial in
User (this is the IP address that the remote client will be assigned when it connects) .
Username: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the username provided by your Host (Your username
for the server that you are connecting to) . If you are a Dial-In user (server), enter the username that the
connecting client will use to connect to your router.
Password: If you are a Dial-Out user (client), enter the password provided by your Host Your password
for the server that you are connecting to). If you are a Dial-In user (server), enter the password that the
connecting client will use to connect to your router
PPP Authentication Type: Default is Auto. This will allow the router to determine the best suited
authentication type. Alternatively, you can manually specify CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication
Protocol) or PAP (Password Authentication Protocol) if you know which type the server is using (when
acting as a client) If your router is acting as a server, specify the authentication type you want clients
connecting to you to use. When using PAP, the password is sent unencrypted, whilst CHAP encrypts the
password before sending, and also allows for challenges at different periods to ensure that the client has
not been replaced by an intruder.
Idle Time: When there is no activity on the connection for this pre-determined Idle time, the VPN
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connection is Auto-disconnected. 0 means this connection is always on.
Active as default route: Normally used when the mode is set to Dial-out. If this is selected, all packets,
including internet packets, will route through the VPN tunnel; If this function is enabled, the performance
of your Internet connection may be degraded Click Apply after changing the settings.
L2TP over IPSec (L2TP/IPSec) VPN Connection
IPSec: Enable to enhance your L2TP VPN security.
Authentication: Authentication establishes the integrity of the datagram and ensures it is not tampered
with during transmission. There are three options, Message Digest 5 (MD5), Secure Hash Algorithm
(SHA1) or NONE. SHA1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5, however it is slower.
~
MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
~
SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash.
Encryption: Select the encryption method from the pull-down menu. There are four options, DES, 3DES,
AES and NONE. NONE means that the connection is a tunnel only, with no encryption. 3DES and AES
are more powerful but increase latency.
~
DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, it uses a 56 bit encryption method.
~ 3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, it uses a 168 (56*3) bit encryption method.
~ AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, it uses a 128 bit encryption method.
Perfect Forward Secrecy: Choose whether to enable PFS, using Diffie-Hellman public-key cryptography
to change encryption keys during the second phase of VPN negotiation. This function provides better
security, but extends the VPN negotiation time. Diffie-Hellman is a public-key cryptography protocol that
allows two parties to establish a shared secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the
Internet). There are three modes, MODP 768-bit, MODP 1024-bit and MODP 1536-bit. MODP stands for
Modular Exponentiation Groups.
Pre-shared Key: This key is for Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol and is a string of between 4 and
128 characters. Both sides should use the same key. IKE is used to establish a shared security policy and
it authenticates keys for services (such as IPSec) that require a key. Before any IPSec traffic can be
passed, each router must be able to verify the identity of its peer. This can be done by manually entering
the pre-shared key into both sides of the connection (router or hosts).
Remote Host Name (Optional): Enter hostname of the remote VPN device. This is a tunnel identifier
and should match the Remote VPN device hostname. If it matches the tunnel will be connected;
otherwise, it will be dropped.
Caution: This is only when the router acts as a VPN server. This option should be used by advanced
users only.
Local Host Name (Optional): Enter the hostname of the Local VPN device that establishes the VPN
tunnel. By default, the Router’s default Hostname is home.gateway.
Tunnel Authentication: This enables the router to authenticate both the L2TP remote client and L2TP
host. This is only valid when the L2TP remote client supports this feature.
Secret: The secure password length should be 16 characters (This may include numbers and/or
characters.)
Click Apply after changing settings.
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Example: Configuring a L2TP VPN - Remote Access Dial-in Connection
A remote worker establishes a L2TP VPN connection with the head office using Microsoft's VPN Adapter
(included with Windows XP/2000/ME, etc.). The router is installed in the head office and is connected to a
couple of PCs and Servers.
Dial-in
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Configuring L2TP VPN in the Office
The LAN IP address 192.168.1.200 will be assigned to the remote computer (client). Please make sure
this IP is not used on the Office LAN.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Item
1
Function
192.168.1.200
The IP address to be assigned to the remote
client
username
123456
The username & password that the remote client
will use to authenticate the connection.
4
Auth.Type
Chap(Auto)
5
Idle Timeout
0
2
3
VPN_L2TP
Description
Connection Name
Dial in
Private IP Address
Assigned to Dialing
User
Username
Password
IPSec
6
Authentication
Encryption
Perfect Forward
Secrecy
Pre-shared Key
Chapter 4: Configuration
MD5
3DES
None
Given name of the L2TP connection
select Dial in
In most of the cases you should keep the default
value of authentication type for maximum
connection security.
The connection will be disconnected when there
is no traffic over it for this predefined period of
time. If Idle time is set to 0, it means that the
connection will never time out.
Select Enable to enhance your L2TP VPN
security.
Both sides of the tunnel should use the same
settings for these options.
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Example: Configuring a Remote Access L2TP VPN Dial-out Connection
A company’s office establishes a L2TP VPN connection with a file server located at a separate location.
The router is installed in the office and is connected to a couple of computers and Servers.
Dial-out
Configuring the L2TP VPN in the Office
1
2
3
4
5
6
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Item
1
Function
Connection Name
VPN_L2TP
Given name of the L2TP connection
select Dial out
Dial out
2
Description
69.121.1.33
The Dialed server’s IP address.
username
123456
Chap(Auto)
The username & password that is required to
connect to the VPN server.
4
Server IP Address (or
Hostname)
Username
Password
Auth.Type
5
Idle Timeout
0
3
IPSec
6
Authentication
Encryption
Perfect Forward
Secrecy
Pre-shared Key
Chapter 4: Configuration
MD5
3DES
None
Keep this default value in most of the cases.
The connection will be disconnected when there
is no traffic over it for this predefined period of
time. If Idle time is set to 0, it means that the
connection will never time out.
Select Enable to enhance your L2TP VPN
security..
Both sides of the tunnel should use the same
settings for these options
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Example: Configuring your Router to Dial-in to the Server
Currently, Microsoft Windows operation system does not support L2TP incoming service.
Additional software may be required to set up your L2TP incoming service.
L2TP Connection - LAN to LAN
L2TP VPN Connection
Connection Name: A User-define description of the connection.
Type: Select Dial Out if you want your router to operate as a client (connecting to a remote VPN server,
e.g. your office server), Select Dial In if you want your router to operate as a VPN server.
~
When configuring your router to establish a connection to a remote LAN, enter the remote
Server IP Address (or Hostname) that you wish to connection to.
~
When configuring your router as a server, to accept incoming connections, enter the Private
IP Address Assigned to Dial in User.
Peer Network IP: Enter the Peer network’s IP address.
Netmask: Enter the subnet mask of the peer network, based on the Peer Network IP setting.
Username: If you set your router to act as a Dial-Out user (client), enter the username provided by your
Host (the user name to connect to the VPN server). If you are a Dial-In user (server), enter a username
that clients will need to use to connect to the router.
Password: If you set your router to act as a Dial-Out user (client), enter the password provided by your
Host (the user name to connect to the VPN server). If you are a Dial-In user (server), enter a password
that clients will need to use to connect to the router.
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PPP Authentication Type: Default is Auto. Use this setting if you want the router to determine which
authentication type to use. You can manually specify CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication
Protocol) or PAP (Password Authentication Protocol) if you know which type the server is using (when
acting as a client) If the router is acting as a server enter the authentication type you want clients
connecting to you to use. When using PAP, the password is sent unencrypted, whilst CHAP encrypts the
password before sending, and also allows for challenges at different periods to ensure that the client has
not been replaced by an intruder.
Idle Time: When there is no activity on the connection for this pre-determined Idle time, the VPN
connection is Auto-disconneced. 0 means this connection is always on.
Click Apply after changing settings.
L2TP over IPSec (L2TP/IPSec) VPN Connection
IPSec: Enable this setting to enhance your L2TP VPN security.
Authentication: Authentication establishes the integrity of the datagram and ensures it is not tampered
with during transmission. There are three options, Message Digest 5 (MD5), Secure Hash Algorithm
(SHA1) or NONE. SHA-1 is more resistant to brute-force attacks than MD5, however it is slower.
~
MD5: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 128−bit hash.
~
SHA1: A one-way hashing algorithm that produces a 160−bit hash.
Encryption: Select your encryption method choice from the pull-down menu. There are four options,
DES, 3DES, AES and NONE. NONE means that the connection is a tunnel only, with no encryption.
3DES and AES are more powerful but increase latency.
~
DES: Stands for Data Encryption Standard, and uses a 56 bit encryption method.
~
3DES: Stands for Triple Data Encryption Standard, and uses a 168 (56*3) bit encryption
method.
~ AES: Stands for Advanced Encryption Standards, and uses a 128 bit encryption method.
Perfect Forward Secrecy: Choose whether to enable PFS, using Diffie-Hellman public-key cryptography
to change encryption keys during the second phase of VPN negotiation. This function provides better
security, but extends the VPN negotiation time. Diffie-Hellman is a public-key cryptography protocol that
allows two parties to establish a shared secret over an unsecured communication channel (i.e. over the
Internet). There are three modes, MODP 768-bit, MODP 1024-bit and MODP 1536-bit. MODP stands for
Modular Exponentiation Groups
Pre-shared Key: This key is for Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol and is a string of between 4 and
128 characters. Both sides should use the same key. IKE is used to establish a shared security policy and
it authenticates keys for services (such as IPSec) that require a key. Before any IPSec traffic can be
passed, each router must be able to verify the identity of its peer. This can be done by manually entering
the pre-shared key into both sides of the connection (router or hosts).
Remote Host Name (Optional): Enter hostname of the remote VPN device. This is a tunnel identifier
and should match the Remote VPN device hostname. If it matches the tunnel will be connected;
otherwise, it will be dropped.
Caution: This setting is only for when the router functions as a VPN server.
used by advanced users only.
This option should be
Local Host Name (Optional): Enter the hostname of the Local VPN device that establishes the VPN
tunnel. By default, the Router’s default Hostname is home.gateway.
Tunnel Authentication: This enables the router to authenticate both the L2TP remote client and L2TP
host. This is only valid when the L2TP remote client supports this feature..
Secret: The secure password length should be 16 characters (This may include numbers and/or
characters.)
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Click Apply after changing settings.
Example: Configuring L2TP LAN-to-LAN VPN Connection
The branch office establishes a L2TP VPN tunnel with head office, connecting the two private networks
over the Internet. The routers are installed in both the head office and branch office.
Both LAN networks MUST be on different subnets when using the LAN to LAN
application.
Attention
The settings of Pre-shared Key, VPN Connection Type and Security Algorithm
MUST BE identically set on both routers.
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Configuring L2TP VPN in the Head Office
The IP address 192.168.1.200 will be assigned to the router located in the branch office. Please make
sure this IP is not used in the head office LAN.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Item
1
Function
Connection Name
Dial in
Private IP Address
Assigned to Dialing
User
Peer Network IP
Netmask
Username
Password
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
username
123456
5
Auth.Type
Chap(Auto)
6
Idle Timeout
0
7
IPSec
Authentication
Encryption
Perfect Forward
Secrecy
Pre-shared Key
2
3
4
Chapter 4: Configuration
HeadOffice
192.168.1.200
MD5
3DES
None
Description
Given name of the L2TP connection
select Dial in
The IP address that will get assigned to branch offices
network.
Branch office network
username & password that are used to authenticate
the branch office network
Keep these settings set to the default values in most
cases.
The connection will be disconnected when there is no
traffic over it for this predefined period of time. If Idle
time is set to 0, it means that the connection will never
time out.
Select Enable to enhance your L2TP VPN security..
Both sides of the tunnel should use the same settings
for these options.
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Configuring L2TP VPN in the Branch Office
The IP address 69.1.121.30 is the Public IP address of the router located in head office. If you registered
a DDNS account, (please refer to the DDNS section of this manual), you can also use the DDNS domain
name instead of the IP address to reach the router.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Item
1
Function
Description
Connection Name
Dial out
Server IP Address (or
Hostname)
Peer Network IP
Netmask
Username
Password
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
username
123456
5
Auth.Type
Chap(Auto)
6
Idle Timeout
0
Keep these settings set to the default values in
most cases..
The connection will be disconnected when there is
no traffic over it for this predefined period of time.
If Idle time is set to 0, it means that the connection
will never time out.
Select Enable to enhance your L2TP VPN
security...
MD5
3DES
None
12345678
Both sides of the tunnel should use the same
settings for these options.
2
3
4
BranchOffice
Given name of the L2TP connection
select Dial out
69.121.1.33
IP address of the head office router (WAN side)
IPSec
7
Authentication
Encryption
Perfect Forward Secrecy
Pre-shared Key
Chapter 4: Configuration
Head office network
Username & password required to to authenticate
the branch office network
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VoIP - Voice over Internet Protocol
The VoIP functionality enables telephone calls to be placed through your existing Internet connection
instead of going through the PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network). It is not only cost-effective,
especially for long distance telephone calls, but also allows toll-quality voice calls to be placed over the
Internet.
After completing your VoIP configuration, remember to apply the changes,
SAVE CONFIG and restart to activate your VoIP functionality.
Attention
Here are the items within the VoIP section: Wizard, General Settings, Phone Port, PSTN Dial Plan,
VoIP Dial Plan and Ring &Tone.
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Wizard
This section provides an easy setup process for your VoIP service. Phone port 1 and 2 can be registered
to different SIP Service Providers.
Voice QoS
DSCP Marking: Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP), it is the first 6 bits in the ToS byte. DSCP
Marking allows users to assign specific application traffic to be executed in priority by the next Router on
the backbone network, based on the DSCP value.
Note: To make use of this functionality, ensure that all of the routers in the backbones network have the capability of
executing and checking DSCP through-out the entire QoS network.
Setting for Phone Port 1
SIP Service Provider: This section allows you to select your service provider. When the selection is
done, the parameters below are automatically displayed.
Select Profile: This allows you to select a desired VoIP provider whom is not already defined in the SIP
Service Provider list. You may manually setup the SIP accounts by entering VoIP SIP information into a
User-defined Profile. See below for details.
Phone Number: This is the registration ID of the user as listed in the VoIP SIP registrar
Authentication Username: If the username is same as the Phone Number, leave it blank.
fill in the space with your username given by your VoIP provider.
Otherwise,
Authentication Password: This is the password used for authentication with the VoIP SIP registrar.
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Setting for Phone Port 2
Select the Same as Phone Port 1 box to set phone port 2 parameters to be identical to phone port 1.
Otherwise, please refer to descriptions in “Setting for Phone Port 1”.
User-defined Profiles
Note: A maximum of 8 user defined profiles are allowed.
Profile Name: A user-defined name to identify the profile.
Registrar Address(or Hostname): Indicate the VoIP SIP registrar’s IP address.
Registrar Port: Specify the port on which the VoIP SIP registrar will listen for register requests from VoIP
devices.
Expire: Expire time for the registration message sending.
User Domain/Realm: Set different domain names for the VoIP SIP proxy server.
Outbound Proxy Address: Indicate the VoIP SIP outbound proxy server IP address. This parameter is
very useful when your VoIP device is behind NAT.
Outbound Proxy Port: Specify the port on which the VoIP SIP outbound proxy will listen for messages.
Phone Number: This is the registration ID of the user as listed in the VoIP SIP registrar.
Authentication Username: Same as Phone Number.
Authentication Password: This is the password used for authentication to the VoIP SIP registrar.
Confirm Password: Re-enter the password for confirmation.
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Display Name: This is what will be displayed on a Caller ID system.
General Settings
This section contains the basic settings for the VoIP module from the selected provider in the Wizard
section. If you do not provide correct information here, you will be unable to make calls over the
Internet.
SIP Device Parameters
SIP: Select whether you wish to use SIP as VoIP call signaling protocol. The default setting is Disable.
Silence Suppression (VAD): Voice Activation Detection (VAD) prevents the transmission of silence
since it will unnecessarily consume your bandwidth. This function is also known as Silence Suppression,
and it is a software application that ensures the bandwidth is used only when voice activity is activated.
The default setting is Enable.
Echo Cancellation: G.168 echo cancellation is an ITU-T standard. It is used for iremoving the echo while
you are on the phone. If it is enabled, this will mean that you will not hear too much of your own voice on
the phone while you talk. The default setting is Enable.
RTP Port: Provide the base value for the media (RTP) ports. These ports are assigned to various
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endpoints and the different call sessions that may exist within an end-point. (Range from 5100 to 65535,
default value is 5100)
Region: This selection is a drop-down box, which allows user to select the country for which the VoIP
device must work. When a country is selected, the country parameters are automatically loaded.
Voice QoS,: Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP), it is the first 6 bits in the ToS byte. DSCP
Marking allows users to assign specific application traffic to be executed in priority by backbone Routers,
based on the DSCP value. See Table 4. The DSCP Mapping Table:
Note: To be sure that all the router(s) through-out the QoS network backbone have the capability of executing and
checking the DSCP..
Setting for Phone Port 1
Registrar Address(or Hostname): Indicate the SIP registrar IP address.
Registrar Port: Specify the port on which the SIP registrar
devices.
listens for register requests from VoIP
Expire: Expiry time for registration message sending.
User Domain/Realm: Set a different domain name for the SIP proxy server.
Outbound Proxy Address: Indicate the SIP outbound proxy server IP address. This parameter is very
useful when your VoIP device is behind NAT.
Outbound Proxy Port: Specify the port on which the VoIP SIP outbound proxy will listen for messages.
Setting for Phone Port 2
Please refer to the descriptions in “Setting for Phone Port 1”.
How to register with a SIP Server
1)
On the Wizard Section page, select your VoIP Service Provider and provide information in the
following fields: Phone Number, Authentication Username and Authentication Password.
2)
On the Wizard Section page, click Apply to apply the settings.
3)
On the General Settings page, make sure the general VoIP SIP information is correctly inserted.
4)
On the General Settings page, click Apply to apply the settings.
5)
On the General Settings page, click Synch Now to register the account(s) with your VoIP server.
Advanced – Parameters
VoIP through IP Interface: IP Interface decides where to send/receive the VoIP traffic. Options include:
ipwan and iplan. An easy way to select the interface option is to check the location of the SIP server. If
it is located somewhere on the Internet, then select ipwan. If the VoIP SIP server is on the local network
then select iplan.
Voice Frame Size: Voice Frame size can be set anywhere between 10ms and 60ms. The function of
Voice Frame Size is how many milliseconds the Voice packets will be queued for, before being sent out.
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The ideal setting is to have the same frame size for both Caller and Receiver.
PSTN Auto-fallback: Whenever VoIP SIP response is an error code that matches the codes in the Edit
section, the VoiP calls will automatically fall back to a PSTN.
Click Edit to add or remove codes. Be sure that the codes are separated by a comma(,).
to link to
For more information about SIP response codes, please click on
http://voip-info.org/wiki/view/sip+response+codes where you can find out the meaning of each error code.
Advanced – PSTN Environment Adjustment
The PSTN Environment Adjustment options will help you to adjust the on hook and off hook voltage
detection values for your environment. The actual levels are determined by your environment including
the number and type of telephones used. The default values provided are suitable for the South African
PSTN network, and there should not be modified. If, however, you are connecting the line port to a PABX,
and you experience problems with placing calls, then you may wish to modify these parameters.
Note: ON HOOK means hung up.
To take your phone OFF HOOK, lift the receiver then press Hook/Flash until you hear your normal PSTN
dial tone, not your VoIP dial tone. Wait several seconds and then press Check Level.
You should check the OFF HOOK value for each telephone you have connected to this device. Set the
OFFHOOK voltage to the lowest setting registered for all your telephones, e.g. if your telephones return
values of 4, 5 and 7 then you should set your OFFHOOK voltage to 4.
Note: The detected values will not automatically be set by the Check Level function; you must enter the lowest level
detected after testing all your telephones.
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Phone Port
This section displays status and allows you to edit the account information of your Phones.
update your phone information.
Click Edit to
Login Account Configuration
Phone Number: This parameter is the registration ID of the user as recorded in the VoIP SIP registrar.
Authentication Username: Same as Phone Number.
Authentication Password: This is the password used for authentication with the VoIP SIP registrar.
Confirm Password: Re-enter the password for confirmation.
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Display Name: This is what will be shown when using the Caller ID function .
Codec Preference
A codec is a Coder-Decoder and is used for data signal conversion. The priority position sets the priority
of each codec; Priority 1 is the top priority.
G.729: This type of codec encodes and decodes the voice information into a single packet which reduces
the bandwidth consumption. 8kbps of bandwidth is needed.
G.711μ-LAW: This codec uses a basic non-compressed encoder and decoder technique. μ-LAW uses a
pulse code modulation (PCM) encoder and decoder to convert voice into a 14-bit linear sample. 64kbps
of bandwidth is needed.
G.711A-LAW: This codec uses a basic non-compressed encoding and decoding technique. μ-LAW
uses a pulse code modulation (PCM) encoder and decoder to convert voice into a 13-bit linear sample.
64kbps of bandwidth is needed.
Non-used: This option is only available for Priority 2 and 3.
used in these priority settings .
It should be selected if no codec is to be
Note: In the example screen shown above, the codec priority is assigned in the order as G.729 > G.711μ-LAW >
G.711A-LAW.
Speed Dial
The Speed Dial function is usefull for storing frequently used telephone numbers. You can press a
number from 0 to 9 and the hash sign (#) on the phone keypad to call a speed dial number. For example,
to phone a speed dial number listed under 9, press keypad 9 then #. Your router will automatically dial
the number listed in entry 9.
For examples:
If your friend Tim gives you a SIP URL as sip: [email protected] then you can fill in
[email protected] as number 1 speed dial.
If your friend Felix gives you a SIP URL as sip: [email protected] then you can fill in [email protected] as
number 2 speed dial.
If your friend Greg gives you an IP address "192.246.56.56" only, then you can fill in “192.246.56.56”.
In some cases, when a user makes use of DDNS, you will have to fill in their domain name as well.
Volume Control
The Volume control setting helps you to adjust the voice level of the telephone to the most comfortable
listening level.
Press “-“, the minus sign, to reduce either the microphone and/or the speaker’s volume of your telephone.
Press “+“, the plus sign, to increase either the microphone and/or the speaker’s volume of your
telephone.
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PSTN Dial Plan
This section enables you to configure “VoIP with PSTN switching” on your system. You can define a
range of dial plans to select which calls are routed over VoIP and which are routed over the PSTN line.
Prefix numbers are the essential key to distinguish between VoIP and Regular (PSTN) phone calls. If the
actual numbers dialed matches the prefix number defined in this dial plan, the dialed number will be
routed to the PSTN to make a regular call. Otherwise, the number will be routed over the VoIP network.
Reminder! In order to utilize this feature, you must have registered and connected to your SIP Server
first.
Prefix:
Specify number(s) for switching to a PSTN call.
Number of Digits: Specify the total number of digits that you wish to dial out. Maximum digit number is
15.
Action: Specify a dialing method that you wish to use when making PSTN call(s).
~ Dial with Prefix: The complete number that you have dialed will be dialed on the PSTN
(including prefix)
Note: The actual number of valid digits dialed must match the number in the Number of Digits field.
~ Dial without Prefix: The number that you have dialed will be dialed on the PSTN after the prefix
has been removed from it (excluding prefix).
Note: The actual number of valid digits dialed must match the number in the Number of Digits field
~
Dial at Timeout: The complete number that you have dialed will be dialed on the PSTN
(including prefix) once a certain time has elapsed since the last digit was dialed.
Note: The actual number of valid digits dialed must NOT EXCEDE the number in the Number of Digits field.
~ Dial at Timeout no prefix: The number that you have dialed will be dialed on the PSTN after
the prefix has been removed, (excluding the prefix) once a certain time has elapsed since the last
digit was dialed.
Note: The actual number of valid digits dialed must NOT EXCEDE the number in the Number of Digits
field
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Attention
Phone port 1 and 2 will automatically default to the PSTN line when:
- The router is Powered Down
- Internet Service Fails, i.e., lost of WAN IP Address/connection
- The SIP option is disabled. See the VoIP General Setting section.
- Calls that are placed match the rule(s) defined in the PSTN Dial Plan.
- The SIP service is not accessible. This does not include when :
„ A User manually disables Registration.
„ A User inserts a wrong authentication username and/or password.
„ A User dials a wrong SIP number, only and if, the PSTN Auto-Fallback
function is not enabled. See VoIP General Setting / Advanced for information.
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PSTN Dial Plan Examples:
1)
Dial with Prefix
If you dial 01223 707070, the number 01223707070 will be dialed out via the FXO port, to make a regular
(PSTN) phone call.
2)
Dial without Prefix
If you dial 9102, the number 102 will be dialed out via the FXO port, to make a regular (PSTN) phone call.
3)
Dial at Timeout
If you only dial 01223 7070 and no more numbers, after the timeout occurs , 012237070 will be dialed to
make a regular (PSTN) call via the FXO port.
Even though 7070 (only 4 digits) does not match the number of digits (6) defined in the Number of Digits
field, 7070 is still a valid phone number since it has not exceed this Number.
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4)
Dial at Timeout no Prefix
If you dial 97070 and no more numbers, after the timeout activates, 7070 will be dialed (without the prefix),
to make a regular (PSTN) call via the FXO port.
Even though 7070 (only 4 digits) does not match the number of digits (6) defined in the Number of Digits
field, 7070 is still a valid phone number since it has not exceed this Number.
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VoIP Dial Plan
This section helps you to make a VoIP call as easily as a regular call. You no longer need to memorize a
long dial string of numbers in order to make a VoIP call.
Parameters
A list of special dial features comes handy when you have a miss call or need to transfer a call to a third
party. For details, please refer to the section Special dial codes below.
*69 (Return Call): Dial *69 to return the last missed call. This is only available for VoIP call(s).
*20 (Turn Do Not Disturb on): Dial *20 to turn the Do Not Disturb mode on. Your phone will not ring if
someone calls.
*80 (Turn Do not Disturb off): Dial *80 to turn the Do Not Disturb mode off. Your will ring when
someone calls.
*90x (Blind Call Transfer): Dial *90 + phone-number to transfer a call to a third party. This feature is
enabled by default.
x# Speed Dial (x = 2..9): Refer to the Phone Port section in the Web GUI. Set up your Speed Dial phone
book first before accessing the Speed Dial feature. This feature is enabled by default.
## Redial: Press ## to redial the latest number you dialed. This feature is enabled by default.
*74<x><number>#: Use your phone key pad to insert a phone number into the Speed Dial phone book.
you can also update your Speed Dial phone numbers manually. Refer to the Phone Port section in the
Web GUI for details.
Phone Number + #: This is the fast dial mode, and it will dial out a phone number immediately after the
number is entered, without waiting.
Note: Refer to Special Dial Code section in this Manual for more details.
Test: this function is a tool to help you identify that the call number is being properly processed prior to
making an actual call.
Click Apply to apply the settings.
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Dial Plan Rules List
Click Add to create and define VoIP dial-plan rule(s).
Prefix Processing:
Prepend xxx unconditionally: The entered number, xxx, is appended unconditionally to the front of the
dialing number when making a call. This prefix can include any number and/or character such as +, *, #.
Note: For special services using +, *or #, you may need to check with your VoIP or Local Telephone Service
Provider for information pertaining to correct usage.
If Prefix is xxx, delete it: If the prefix is the same as the specified number, xxx, it will be removed from
the dialed number before making a call.
If Prefix is xxx, replace with: If the prefix is the same as the specified number, xxx, it will be appended
to the front of the dialed number before making a call.
No prefix: No prefix is appended to the front of the dialing numbers. This is the default setting.
Main Digit Sequence: The call(s) can be dialed out via SIP, PSTN or ENUM.
x: Any numeric number between 0 and 9.
. ( period ): Repeat numeric number(s) between 0 and 9.
* (asterisk sign): This is the normal character ‘*’ found on a phones keypad. Please check if this is used
by your VoIP Service Provider or Local Telephone Service Provider for special services.
# (pound sign): This is the normal character ‘#’ found on a phone keypad. Please check if this is used by
your VoIP Service Provider or Local Telephone Service Provider for special services.
<@ Current Profile>: This Referes to your VoIP account as registered using the VoIP Wizard for Port 1 /
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2.
<@ PSTN>: This referes to making calls via the PSTN line.
<@ENUM>: This referes to making a VoIP SIP call, via an E.164 number (“ENUM”), to an ENUM callee.
Electronic Number (ENUM) is a system that uses DNS (Domain Network System) based technology to
map between a traditional phone number (PSTN) and an Internet address/ SIP URL. The ENUM number
must be registered on a public ENUM site or with your VoIP Service Provider.
<@ SIPgateway>: This is used when using the Intelligent Call Routing feature. You will need to set up
your SIP account on the VoIP User-defined Profiles link on the VoIP Wizard page. Go to the VoIP
Wizard in this manual for more information.
Dial-Plan Examples:
x.
xxx
xxxx.
123x.
[x…x]x.
For example: [124]x.
[x-x]x.
For example: [1-3]x.
x[x-x]x.
For example: 9[4-6]8x.
Special Dial Plan Examples:
*xx*x.
*xx
**xx*x.
#xx.
##xx*x.
Description
Any sequence of digits between 0 and 9. Maximum
sequence length is 16.
Any 3 digit (between 0 and 9) number. Total sequence
length is 3.
Note: No period is needed (.)
Any sequence of digits (between 0 and 9 ) between 3
an 16 digets long .
Any number (0-9) starting with 123. Maximum length
is 16.
Any number (0-9) starting with 1 or 2 or 4. Maximum
length is 16.
Any number (0-9) starting with a number between 1
and 3. Maximum length is 16.
Any number (0-9) starting with 9, the second number
being any number between 4-6, and the third number
being 8. Maximum length is 16.
Description
Starting with an asterisk, then any two digit number, a
‘* sign’, and any number of additional digits. Maximum
length is 16.
Starting with an asterisk, then any two digit number
between 00 and 99. Total length including the * is 3
digits. Note: No period is needed (.)
Starting with two asterisks, then any two digit number,
a ‘* sign’ and any number of additional digits.
Maximum length is 16..
Starting with ‘# sign’, followed by any number with a
length of between 1 and 16 digits.
Starting with ‘## sign’ , and followed by any two digit
number, a ‘* sign’ and ending in any number with a
maximum length of 16.
<@SIPgateway> / Intelligent Call Routing Example:
The VoIP Gateway let you use 3 VoIP/SIP providers at the same time. Each provider has different prices
for different type of calls so you can set you router make the best use of these different tariffs. Here are
some examples of some rules you can set to make best use of each provider.
Imagine that there are 3 different VoIP providers by the name of localcheap.com, Longdischeap.com and
Mobilecheap.com
1) Phone 1: For Local calls: I use localcheap.com who charge $0.01 per minute to all local calls.
dial rule, <:03>[123]x.T, on my phone port 1.
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Localcheap.com is the default VoIP provider I set on phone port 1. When I dial any number starting
with 1 or 2 or 3 , , 03 is always prepended in front of these number. If 23295 is dialed, 03-2-32935 is the
actual phone number dialed using localcheap.com as a provider.
2) Phone 1: For International calls: I use longdischeap.com who charge $0.05 per minute for all
International long distance calls. I set a dial rule, 0[2456]x.T<@Long_dist_Cheap>, on my phone
port 1.
Longislcheap.com is one of the VoIP providers I set in the User-defined profile. No prefix is attached to
the dialed number when I dial any number beginning with 0 , followed by 2, 4, 5 or 6 and then the rest of
the phone number. If 02016148513295 is dialed, 0-2-016148513295 is the actual phone number dialed
using longdischeap.com as a provider.
3) Phone 2: For Mobile calls, I use mobilecheap.com who charge $0.25 per minute for all local mobile
calls. I set a dial rule, <123:09>39x.T, on my phone port 2.
Mobilecheap.com is the default VoIP provider I set on phone port 2.
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When I call out 123-39-45678 for a
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mobile call, 123 is replaced with 09 and 09-39-45678 is the actual phone number dialed using
Mobilecheap.com as a provider.
The Intelligent Call Gateway not only saves time when changing VoIP settings to different providers so as
to ensure a call gets routed using a specific gateway automatically, but it allows you to take advantage
of different call rate.
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Ring & Tone
This section allows advanced users to change the parameters for the various phone tones.
(dialtone, busy tone, answer tone and etc.)The default settings are the same as the South
African PSTN, but advanced users are welcome to customize these values to suit their
requirements.
Country Specific Ring & Tone
Region: Select the country where you are located from the drop-down list,. This VoIP router provides
default parameter of ring tones according to different countries. The ring-tone parameters are
automatically displayed after entering a specific country. If your country is not in the list, or you wish to
have a customised ring tone, you may manually create ring-tone parameters.
Ring Parameters
Ring Cadence (in ms): Ring cadence is defined by the following fields, Frequency: On Time1, Off Time1,
On Time2, Off Time2 and On Time3, Off Time3. Frequency is specified in Hertz. Time is given in
milliseconds.
Tone Parameters
You may need to check with your local telephone service provider for such information. Also, it is
recommended that this option be configured by an advanced user only , unless you are instructed to do
so.
Click Apply to apply the settings.
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Special Dial Codes
The following table lists the special dial codes that are built into the router:
Option
Description
Switch to PSTN line
Flash-hook
Note: This is a quick press of the hook switch. On most phones, a
button is provided which provides Flash-hook functionality. The
button is marked "FLASH","RECALL" or sometimes “R”
Return the last missed call (for SIP service only)
*69
Note: Entering this on a phone will call the last number that dialed
the phone. For example A makes a call to B, but hangs up before
B answers. If B enters *69, A will be called back .
##
Last dialed number redial function
Turn the Do Not Disturb mode on
*20
*80
This mode enables a “Do Not Disturb” feature on a phone, such
that any phone which calls it will receive an engaged tone and the
called phone will not ring. For example, B enters *20 and hangs
up. A makes a call to B, but receives the engaged tone. Phone B
does not ring.
Set the Do Not Disturb mode off
Set the number for Speed dial code ‘x’, where ‘x’ is a number
between 2 and 9.
*74<x><number>#
Note: <x> is a number between 2 and 9, and <number> is the
number to dial. To dial a speed dial number from a phone
connected to the VoIP Router , dial :
<x>#, where <x> is a number between 2 and 9.
These settings will affect your setting on the Speed Dial page of
the WEB GUI.
This is how to make a Blind Call Transfer. With this function, the
specified <phone-number> is the number that you wish to transfer
the call to. This function is for a SIP service only.
Note: You use Blind Call Transfer when you have a call in
progress (incoming or outgoing) and decide you wish to transfer
the call to another phone. To transfer the call, perform the following
steps:
*90<phone-number>
1. Hook-flash to get a dial tone.
2. Dial *90<phone-number> (e.g. *907401). After hearing the
confirmation tone, you can hang up. The transferred call will hear a
ringback tone, and the third-party phone (the one that the call has
been forwarded to)_will be rung. When the third-party phone is
picked up, the transferred call will be connected.
If the third-party phone does not answer, the caller being
transferred must hang up to cancel the connect attempt.
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QoS - Quality of Service
The QoS function helps you to control your network traffic for each LAN (Ethernet and/or Wireless)
application that accesses the WAN (Internet). It allows you to control the quality and speed of
throughput for each application, when the system is running with a fully loaded upstream channel.
Here are the items within the QoS section: Prioritization and Outbound / Inbound IP Throttling
(bandwidth management).
Prioritization
There are three priority settings provided in the Router:
~
High
~
Normal (Normal priority is the default for all traffic without any setting)
~
Low
The ratio of utilization for each priority are: High (60%), Normal (30%) and Low (10%).
Click Clear
You can click Clear to delete the existing Application.
Application: A user-defined description identifying this new policy/application.
Time Schedule: The details of when this rule of your prioritization policy is active .
Priority: The priority given to this policy/application. The default setting is High; you may adjust this
setting to fit your requirements.
Protocol: The name of the supported protocol.
Source Port: The source port of packets to be monitored.
Destination Port: The destination port of packets to be monitored.
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Source IP Address Range: The source IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Destination IP address Range: The destination IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
DSCP Marking: Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP), it is the first 6 bits in the ToS byte. DSCP
Marking allows users to assign specific application traffic to be executed in priority by the backbone
routers, based on the DSCP value. See Table 4. The DSCP Mapping Table:
Note: To be sure all the routers on the backbones network have the capability of executing and checking DSCP so
as to provide a QoS network.
Table 4: DSCP Mapping Table
DSCP Mapping Table
ADSL Router
Standard DSCP
Disabled
None
Best Effort
Best Effort (000000)
Premium
Express Forwarding (101110)
Gold service (L)
Class 1, Gold (001010)
Gold service (M)
Class 1, Silver (001100)
Gold service (H)
Class 1, Bronze (001110)
Silver service (L)
Class 2, Gold (010010)
Silver service (M)
Class 2, Silver (010100)
Silver service (H)
Class 2, Bronze (010110)
Bronze service (L)
Class 3, Gold (011010)
Bronze service (M)
Class 3, Silver (011100)
Bronze service (H)
Class 3, Bronze (011110)
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Outbound IP Throttling (LAN to WAN)
IP Throttling allows you to limit the speed of IP traffic. The value entered will limit the speed of the
specified application to the specified value (Set in multiples of 32kbps.)
Click Clear You can click Clear to delete the existing Application.
Application: A user-defined description to identify this policy/application.
Time Schedule: The details of when this rule of your prioritization policy is active. Refer to Time
Schedule for more information.
Protocol: The name of the supported protocol.
Source Port: The source port of packets to be monitored.
Destination Port: The destination port of packets to be monitored.
Source IP Address Range: The source IP address (or address range) of packets to be monitored.
Destination IP address Range: The destination IP address (or address range) of packets to be
monitored.
Outbound Rate Limit: Used to limit the speed of outbound traffic (Set in multiples of 32kbps.)
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Inbound IP Throttling (WAN to LAN)
IP Throttling allows you to limit the speed of IP traffic. The value entered will limit the speed of the
specified application to the specified value (Set in multiples of 32kbps.)
Click Clear
You can click Clear to delete the existing Application.
Application: A user-defined description to identify this policy/application.
Time Schedule: The details of when this rule of your prioritization policy is active. Refer to Time
Schedule for more information.
Protocol: The name of the supported protocol.
Source Port: The source port of packets to be monitored.
Destination Port: The destination port of packets to be monitored.
Source IP Address Range: The source IP address (or address range) of packets to be monitored.
Destination IP address Range: The destination IP address (or address range) of packets to be
monitored.
Inbound Rate Limit: Used to limit the speed of inbound traffic (Set in multiples of 32kbps.)
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Example: QoS for your Network
Connection Diagram
VoIP
Normal PCs
Restricted PC
Information and Settings
Upstream: 928 kbps
Downstream: 8 Mbps
VoIP User
: 192.168.1.1
Normal Users
: 192.168.1.2~192.168.1.5
Restricted User: 192.168.1.100
Throughput
500
400
300
VoIP/VPN
HIGH
200
Others
NORMAL
100
Restricted
LOW
kbps
0
VoIP/VPN
HIGH
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Others
NORMAL
Restricted
LOW
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Mission-critical applications
Often, a VPN connection is a mission-critical application for exchanging data between Head and Branch
offices.
This mission-critical application must be connected smoothly. without any dropping. To ensure this, you
should set the priority to the high level to preventing any other applications from saturating the bandwidth.
Voice applications
Voice applications are latency-sensitive. Most VoIP devices use the SIP protocol, which automatically
assigns a port number. . This means that it is better to use a fixed IP address to catch VoIP packets and
rout them as high priority traffic.
The settings shown above will help to improve the quality of your VoIP service when the link is fully
loaded.
Restricted Application
Some users will setup a FTP server for downloading of their files by means of FTP.
The above settings will help to limit utilization of upstream bandwidth by the FTP connections. A time
schedule can be implemented to limit file downloads to non-busy times.
Advanced setting by using IP throttling
With IP throttling you can specify more detail for bandwidth allocation; even if applications are located on
the same level.
Upstream: 928kbps (29*32kbps)
Mission-critical Application: 192kbps (6*32kbps)
Voice Application: 128kbps (4*32kbps)
Restricted Application: 160kbps (5*32kbps)
Other Applications: 448kbps (14*32kbps)
6+4+14+5=29, 29*32kbps=928kbps
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Sometime your customers or friends may upload their files to your FTP server and that will saturate your
downstream bandwidth. The settings below will help you to limit bandwidth for such a application that
needs restriction.
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Virtual Server (known as Port Forwarding)
In TCP/IP and UDP networks, a port is a 16-bit number used to identify which application program
incoming connections should be delivered to. Some ports have numbers that are pre-assigned to them by
the IANA (the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority), and these are referred to as “well-known ports”.
Servers follow the well-known port assignments so clients can locate them.
If you wish to run a server, or any application (e.g. Peer-to-peer/P2P software such as instant messaging
applications and P2P file-sharing applications) on your network that can be accessed from the WAN (i.e.
from machines on the Internet that are outside your local network, and you are using NAT (Network
Address Translation), then you will need to configure your router to forward these incoming connection
attempts using specific ports to the computer on your network that is running the application/server. You
will also need to use port forwarding if you want to host an online game server.
The reason for this is that when using NAT, your publicly accessible IP address will be used by and point
to your router, which then needs to deliver all traffic to the private IP addresses used by your PCs. Please
see the WAN configuration section of this manual for more information on NAT.
The device can be configured as a virtual server so that remote users accessing services such as Web or
FTP services on the routers public (WAN) IP address can be automatically redirected to local servers on
the LAN network. Depending on the requested service (TCP/UDP port number), the router redirects the
external service request to the appropriate server within the LAN network
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Add Virtual Server
Because NAT can act as a “natural” Internet firewall, your router protects your network from being
accessed by outside users when NAT is enabled - all incoming connection attempts will point to your
router unless you specifically created Virtual Server entries to forward those ports to a computer on your
network.
When your router needs to allow outside users to access internal servers, e.g. a web server, FTP server,
Email server or game server, the router can act as a “virtual server”. You can set up a local server with a
specific port number for the service to use, e.g. web/HTTP (port 80), FTP (port 21), Telnet (port 23),
SMTP (port 25), or POP3 (port 110), When an incoming access request for a specified port is received by
the router, it will be forwarded to the corresponding internal server.
Time Schedule: The user-defined time period to enable your virtual server. You may specify a time
schedule or Always on for the use of this Virtual Server Entry. For setup and detail, refer to Time
Schedule section
Application: A user-defined description used to identify this entry. You can click
existing predefined rules.
to select
: 20 predefined rules are available. Click the Radio button to select the rule; Application,
Protocol and External/Redirect Ports will be automatically filled in after the selection.
Protocol: This is the protocol supported by the virtual server. In addition to specifying the port number to
be used, you will also need to specify the protocol used. The protocol used is determined by the particular
application. Most applications will use TCP or UDP.
External Port: The Port number on the Remote/WAN side used when accessing the virtual server.
Redirect Port: The Port number used by the Local server in the LAN network.
Internal IP Address: The private IP in the LAN network, which will be providing the virtual server
application.
List all existing computers currently connected to the network. You may assign a
computer with an IP address or a MAC address from this list.
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Example:
If you would like to remotely access your routers’ Web/HTTP interface all the time, you would need to
enable port number 80 (Web/HTTP) and map it to the Router’s LAN IP Address. All incoming HTTP
requests on the WAN network will then be forwarded to the router’s IP address of 192.168.1.254. Since
port number 80 is already a predefined rule, click Helper in the Application section. A predefined
rules window will pop and you can select HTTP_Sever.
Application: HTTP_Sever
Time Schedule: Always On
Protocol: tcp
External Port: 80-80
Redirect Port: 80-80
IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Edit: Click on this to edit this virtual server application.
Delete: Click on this to delete this virtual server application.
Using port forwarding has security implications, since outside users will be able
to connect to Computers on your network. For this reason you are advised to
add specific Virtual Server entries only for the ports that your application
actually requires, instead of using the DMZ function. Using the DMZ function
will result in all connection attempts from the WAN network having access to
the public IP specified in the DMZ config section.
If you have disabled the NAT option in the WAN-ISP section, the Virtual Server
function will not work.
Attention
If the DHCP server option is enabled, you have to be very careful when
assigning the IP addresses of virtual servers so that you avoid conflicting IP
addresses. The easiest method of configuring Virtual Servers is to manually
assign static IP address to each virtual server Computer, with an address that
does not fall into the range of IP addresses that are to be issued by the DHCP
server. These manually configured IP addresses MUST still be in the same
subnet as the router.
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Edit DMZ Host
A DMZ Host is a computer on the LAN that is completely exposed to the Internet. When you have
configured a particular internal IP address as the DMZ Host, all incoming packets will be checked by the
routers firewall and NAT algorithms, and if the packet does not use a port number that has been assigned
by any Virtual Server entry, it will be passed to the DMZ host
Cautious: This local computer, which is exposed to the Internet, may face a variety of security risks.you should
make quite sure that it is adequately protected.
~
Disabled: This option disables the DMZ function and is the default setting.
~
Enabled: this option enables the DMZ function.
Internal IP Address: When the DMZ function is enabled, supply the static IP address of the DMZ Host.
Be aware that this IP will be exposed to the WAN/Internet.
List all Computers currently connected to the network. You may assign a Compouter using
its IP address and/or its MAC address from this list.
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.
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Edit One-to-One NAT (Network Address Translation)
One-to-One NAT maps a specific private/local (LAN) IP address to a particular global/public (WAN) IP
address.
If you have multiple public/WAN IP addresses provided by your ISP, you are will be able to use the
One-to-One NAT function to utilize these IP addresses.
NAT Type:
Select the desired NAT type. By default, the One-to-One NAT function is disabled.
Global IP Address:
~ Subnet: The subnet of the public/WAN IP addresses given by your ISP. If your ISP has
provided this information, you may insert it here. Otherwise, use the IP Range method to define
your addresses.
~ IP Range: The IP address range of your public/WAN IP addresses. For example, IP:
192.168.1.1, end IP: 192.168.1.10
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.
Click on
to create a new One-to-One NAT rule:
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Time Schedule: The user-defined time period during which your virtual server is enabled. You may
specify a time schedule or you can select Always on for this Virtual Server Entry. For setup and details,
refer to the Time Schedule section
Application: This is a user-defined description to identify this entry. You can also click on
to select existing predefined rules.
: 20 predefined rules are available. Click on the Radio button to select the rule; Application,
Protocol and External/Redirect Ports will be filled after you make a selection.
Protocol: This is the protocol to be supported by the virtual server. In addition to specifying the port
number to be used, you will also need to specify the protocol used. The protocol used is determined by
the particular application. Most applications will use TCP or UDP;
Global IP:
Define a public/ WAN IP address for this Application to use.
External Port: The Port number on the Remote/WAN side that is used when accessing the virtual server.
Redirect Port: The Port number that the Local server on the LAN network will be listening on.
Internal IP Address: The private IP, on the LAN network, of the virtual server application.
Lists all existing Computer connections on the network. You may assign a Computer by
IP address or MAC address from this list.
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.
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.
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is the central coordinator for the assignment of unique
parameter values for Internet protocols. Port numbers range from 0 to 65535, but only ports numbers 0 to
1023 are reserved for privileged services and are designated as “well-known ports” (Please refer to Table
5). Registered ports are numbered from 1024 through 49151. The remaining ports, referred to as
dynamic or private ports, are numbered from 49152 through 65535.
For further information, please see IANA’s website at: http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers
Table 5: Some Well-known and registered Ports
Port Number
Protocol
Description
20
21
22
23
25
53
69
80
110
119
123
TCP
TCP
TCP & UDP
TCP
TCP
TCP & UDP
UDP
TCP
TCP
TCP
UDP
161
443
1503
1720
4000
7070
TCP
TCP & UDP
TCP
TCP
TCP
UDP
FTP Data
FTP Control
SSH Remote Login Protocol
Telnet
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
DNS (Domain Name Server)
TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol)
World Wide Web HTTP
POP3 (Post Office Protocol Version 3)
NEWS (Network News Transfer Protocol)
NTP (Network Time Protocol) / SNTP (Simple Network Time
Protocol)
SNMP
HTTPS
T.120
H.323
ICQ
RealAudio
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Time Schedule
The Time Schedule function supports up to 16 time slots, helping you to manage your Internet connection.
In each time profile, you may schedule specific day(s) i.e. Monday through Sunday to restrict or allowing
the usage of the Internet by users or applications.
This Time Schedule correlates closely to real time. Since router does not have a real time clock on board;
it uses the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) to get the current time from an SNTP server from the
Internet. Refer to Time Zone for details. Your router time should correspond with your local time. If the
time settings on you router are not set correctly, the Time Schedule will not function properly.
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Configuration of Time Schedule
Edit a Time Slot
1. Choose any Time Slot (ID 1 to ID 16) to edit, click Edit.
Click Edit
Note: The days that you have selected will show as capital letters. Lower case letters show the day(s) that are not
selected, and no rule will apply on these days.
2. The setting of this Time Slot will be shown in detail.
ID:
This is the index of the time slot.
Name: A user-defined description identifying this time slot.
Day: The default setting is for Monday till Friday to be enabled.
your requirements.
Start Time: The default setting is 8:00 AM.
You should modify this according to
You may specify any required start time for your schedule.
End Time: The default setting is 18:00 (6:00PM).
schedule.
You may specify any required end time for your
Select the Apply button to apply your changes.
Delete a Time Slot
Click Clear to delete the existing Time profile, i.e. Erase the selected Days and return to the default
settings of Start Time / End Time.
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Advanced
The Configuration options of the Advanced section are for users who wish to take advantage of the more
advanced features of the router. Users who do not understand the features should not attempt to
reconfigure their router, unless advised to do so by support staff.
Here are the items within the Advanced section: Static Route, Dynamic DNS, Check Email, Device
Management, IGMP and VLAN Bridge.
Static Route
Click on Routing Table and choose Create Route to add a routing table.
Destination: This is the destination subnet IP address.
Netmask: Subnet mask of the destination IP addresses given above.
Gateway: This is the gateway IP address to which packets sent to the network defined above are to be
forwarded.
Interface: Select the interface through which packets are to be forwarded.
Cost: This is the same meaning as Hop. This should usually be left at 1 unless you know the actual path
length.
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Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS function allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static hostname, allowing users
whose ISP does not assign them a static IP address to use a domain name. This is especially useful for
hosting servers via your ADSL connection, so that anyone wishing to connect to you may use your
domain name, rather than having to use your dynamic IP address, which changes from time to time. This
dynamic IP address is the WAN IP address of the router, which is assigned to you by your ISP.
You will first need to register and establish an account with the Dynamic DNS provider using their website,
for example http://www.dyndns.org/
There are more than 5 DDNS services supported.
~
Disable: Select this option to disable the Dynamic DNS function.
~ Enable: Select this option to enable the Dynamic DNS function. The following fields will be
activated and must be filled in:
Dynamic DNS Server: Select the DDNS service you have established an account with.
Domain Name, Username and Password: Enter your registered domain name and your username and
password provided by your DDNS service.
Period: Set the time period between updates. This is the interval after which your router will exchange
information with the DDNS server. In addition to updating periodically as per your settings, the router will
perform an update when your dynamic IP address changes.
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Check Email
This function allows you to have the router check your POP3 mailbox for new Email messages You may
view the status of this function using the Status – Email Checking section of the web interface, which
also provides details on the number of new messages waiting. See the Status section of this manual for
more information.
Check Email:
~
Disable: Select this option to disable the router’s Email checking function.
~ Enable: Select this option to enable the routers Email checking function. The following fields will
be activated and must be filled in:
Account Name: Enter the name (login) of the POP3 account you wish to check. Normally, it is the text in
your email address before the "@" symbol. If you have trouble with it, please contact your ISP.
Password: Enter the account’s password.
POP3 Mail Server: Enter your (POP) mail server name. Your Internet Service Provider (ISP) or network
administrator will be able to supply you with this.
Period: Enter the value in minutes between periodic mail checks.
Automatically dial-out for checking emails: When this function is enabled and your Internet
connection is dropped, your ADSL router will automatically connect to your ISP to check for emails.
Please be careful when using this feature if your ADSL service is charged by time online.
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Device Management
The Device Management configuration settings allow you to control your router’s security options and
device monitoring features.
Embedded Web Server ( 2 Management IP Accounts)
HTTP Port: This is the port number of the router’s embedded web server. (for web-based configuration)
The default value is the standard HTTP port, 80. Users may specify an alternative if, for example, they are
running a web server on a PC within their LAN.
Management IP Address: You may specify the IP addresses allowed to logon and access the router’s
web server. Setting the IP address to 0.0.0.0 will disable IP address restrictions, allowing users to login
from any IP address.
Expire to auto-logout: Specify a time frame for the system to auto-logout the user’s configuration
session.
For Example: User A changes the routers HTTP port number to 100, specifies their own IP address
of10.0.0.55, and sets the logout time to be 100 seconds. The router will only allow User A access from
the IP address 10.0.0.55 to logon to the Web GUI by typing: http://10.0.0.2:100 in their web browser. After
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100 seconds, the device will automatically logout User A.
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP)
UPnP offers peer-to-peer network connectivity for PCs and other network devices, along with control and
data transfer between devices. UPnP offers many advantages for users running NAT routers through
UPnP NAT Traversal. On supported systems, it makes tasks such as port forwarding much easier by
letting the application control the required settings, thus removing the need for the user to control the
advanced configuration of their router.
Both the user’s Operating System and the relevant application must support UPnP in addition to the
router. Windows XP and Windows Me natively support UPnP (when the component is installed), and
Windows 98 users may install the Internet Connection Sharing client from Windows XP in order to
support UPnP. Windows 2000 does not support UPnP.
~
Disable: Select this option to disable the router’s UPnP functionality.
~
Enable: Select this option to enable the router’s UPnP functionality.
UPnP Port: The default port setting is 2800. It is highly recommended that users use this port value. If
this value conflicts with other ports that are already being used, you may wish to change it.
SNMP Access Control (Software on a PC within the LAN is required in order to utilize this function) –
Simple Network Management Protocol.
SNMP V1 and V2:
Read Community: Specify a name to be identified as the Read Community, and an IP address. This
community string will be checked against the string entered in the configuration file. Once the string name
is matched, the user on this IP address will be able to view the data.
Write Community: Specify a name to be identified as the Write Community, and an IP address. This
community string will be checked against the string entered in the configuration file. Once the string name
is matched, users on this IP address will be able to view and modify the data.
Trap Community: Specify a name to be identified as the Trap Community, and an IP address. This
community string will be checked against the string entered in the configuration file. Once the string name
is matched, users on this IP address will be sent SNMP Traps.
SNMP V3:
Specify a name and password for authentication. And define the access rights from identified IP address.
Once the authentication has succeeded, users from this IP address will be able to view and modify the
data.
SNMP Version: SNMPv2c and SNMPv3
SNMPv2c is a combination of the enhanced protocol features of SNMPv2 without the SNMPv2 security.
The "c" comes from the fact that SNMPv2c uses the SNMPv1 community string paradigm for "security",
but is widely accepted as the SNMPv2 standard.
SNMPv3 is a strong authentication mechanism, providing authorization with fine granularity for remote
monitoring.
Traps supported: Cold Start, Authentication Failure.
The following MIBs are supported:
From RFC 1213 (MIB-II):
;
System group
;
Interfaces group
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;
Address Translation group
;
IP group
;
ICMP group
;
TCP group
;
UDP group
:
EGP (not applicable)
;
Transmission
;
SNMP group
From RFC1650 (EtherLike-MIB):
;
dot3Stats
From RFC 1493 (Bridge MIB):
;
dot1dBase group
;
dot1dTp group
;
dot1dStp group (if configured as spanning tree)
From RFC 1471 (PPP/LCP MIB):
;
pppLink group
:
pppLqr group (not applicable)
From RFC 1472 (PPP/Security MIB):
;
PPP Security Group)
From RFC 1473 (PPP/IP MIB):
; PPP IP Group
From RFC 1474 (PPP/Bridge MIB):
; PPP Bridge Group
From RFC1573 (IfMIB):
; ifMIBObjects Group
From RFC1695 (atmMIB):
; atmMIBObjects
From RFC 1907 (SNMPv2):
; only snmpSetSerialNo OID
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IGMP
IGMP, known as Internet Group Management Protocol, is used to management hosts from multicast
group.
IGMP Forwarding: Accepting multicast packet.
Default is Enable.
IGMP Snooping: Allowing switched Ethernet to check and make correct forwarding decisions.
is Disable.
Default
VLAN Bridge
This section allows you to create VLAN group and specify the members.
Edit: Edit your member ports in selected VLAN group.
Create VLAN: To create another VLAN group.
Advanced VLAN Setup Example (Triple Play)
VLAN_data:
Ethernet Port 1, Wireless and Wireless WDS are reserving for Internet
- On Ethernet port 1, VC 0/40 bridged mode is also required.
VLAN_Video
Ethernet ports: 2, 3 and 4:
- 0/33 Bi-directional IP
- 0/34 Video
- 0/35 Video
- 0/36 Video Subscriber Services (EPG, EAS, etc.)
- 0/37 Video
- 0/38 Video
- 0/39 Spare
Step 1: Setup Member Ports
Go to Configuration Æ LAN Æ Bridge Interface.
You can setup member ports for each VLAN group under Bridge Interface section. From the example, two
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VLAN groups need to be created.
Ethernet: P1 (Port 1)
Ethernet1: P2, P3 and P4 (Port 2, 3, 4) Please deselect P2, P3, P4 from Ethernet VLAN Port first.
Note: You should setup each VLAN group with caution. Each Bridge Interface is arranged in this order.
Bridge Interface
Ethernet
Ethernet1
Ethernet2
Ethernet3
VLAN Port (Always starts with)
P1 / P2 / P3 / P4
P2 / P3 / P4
P3 / P4
P4
Step 2: Create WAN Interface
Go to Configuration Æ WANÆ ISP
wanlink is the factory default WAN interface which is used for data/internet access. If your ISP uses this
access protocol, click Edit to input other parameters if needed. If your ISP does not use PPPoE, you
can change the default WAN connection entry by clicking Change.
From the example, 0/40 is used for data/internet and assumes PPPoE is used; click the Edit to change
the VPI/VCI to 0/40. In South Africa, we use 8/35 for data by default.
Click Create to setup up additional WAN interface for video applications. Total of 8 VLAN’s are supported;
therefore, only 8 WAN interfaces can be created in the table.
From the example, PVC 0/33 to 0/39 are assigned for video using 1483 Bridged mode. select RFC 1483
Bridged and click Next to continue the setup.
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Spaces next to VPI and VCI, type 0 and 33 in respectively. Select appropriate ATM Class, Encapsulation
Method, Acceptable Frame Type, Filter Type and PVID for Untagged Frames.
VPI and VCI: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
ATM Class: The Quality of Service for ATM layer.
Encapsulation method: Select the encapsulation format, this is provided by your ISP.
Acceptable Frame Type: Specify what kind of traffic can use this connection, all traffic or only VLAN
tagged.
Filter Type: Specify the type of ethernet filtering performed by the named bridge interface.
All
Ip
Pppoe
Allows all types of ethernet packets through the port.
Allows only IP/ARP types of ethernet packets through the port.
Allows only PPPoE types of ethernet packets through the port.
PVID for Untagged Frames: Port VLAN Identifier is known as PVID.
received by input port(s), this packet will be tagged with specified PVID.
When an untagged packet is
From the example, only the VPI and VCI section need to be filled-in, just leave the rest as is. Repeat the
same procedure by clicking Create Æ select RFC1483 Bridged Æ fill-in the rest of PVC 0/34 to 0/39.
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Step 3: Setup VLAN Service
Go to Configuration Æ Advanced Æ VLAN Bridge
DefaultVlan lists all member ports.
It is necessary to group specific member ports for each VLAN.
From the example, two VLAN groups are requested: Data and Video.
To create another VLAN group for Video, click on Create VLAN.
Give a name and ID (PVID) to identify the Video group. The valid value range for PVID is 1 ~ 4094.
From the example:
VLAN untagged ports for Data/Internet: Ethernet, wireless and wireless_wds.
VLAN untagged ports for Video: ethernet1, rfc-1483-0 ~ rfc-1483-6.
Click Apply to made change effective immediately.
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Having mapped the VLAN Bridge with the Bridge Interface created in Step1, you will see the
comfortable relationship in these two screenshots.
Step 4: IGMP Snooping Enable
Select
Configuration Æ Advanced Æ IGMP.
IGMP Snooping must be enabled in order to allow the video stream forwarding to correctly function.
Save Configuration to Flash
After changing the router’s configuration settings, you must save all of the configuration parameters to
FLASH to avoid them from being lost after turning off or resetting your router. Click Save to write your
new configuration to FLASH.
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Logout
To exit the router’s web interface, choose Logout.
settings before you logout.
Please ensure that you have saved the configuration
Be aware that the router is restricted to only one PC accessing the configuration web pages at a time.
Once a PC has logged into the web interface, other PCs cannot get access until the current PC has
logged out of the web interface. If the previous PC forgets to logout, the second PC can access the
page after a user-defined period, by default 3 minutes. You can modify this value using the Advanced –
Device Management section of the web interface. Please see the Advanced section of this manual for
more information.
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Chapter 5: Troubleshooting
If the router is not functioning properly, first check this chapter for simple troubleshooting before
contacting the Help desk .
Problems starting up the router
Problem
Corrective Action
None of the LEDs are Check the connection between the power adapter and the router. If the
on when you turn on error persists, you may have a hardware problem. In this case you should
the router.
contact technical support.
You have forgotten Try the default login and password, refer to Chapter 3. If this fails, you can
your
router
login restore your router to its factory settings by holding the Reset button on the
and/or password.
back of your router more than 6 seconds.
Problems with the WAN Interface
Problem
Corrective Action
Initialization of the Ensure that the telephone cable is connected properly from the ADSL port
PVC
connection to the wall jack. The ADSL LED on the front panel of the router should be
(“linesync”) failed.
on. Check that your VPI, VCI, encapsulation type and type of multiplexing
settings are the same as those provided by your ISP. Reboot the router. If
you still have problems, you may need to verify these settings with your
ISP.
Frequent
loss
of Ensure that all other devices connected to the same telephone line as your
ADSL
linesync router (e.g. telephones, fax machines, analogue modems) have a line filter
(disconnections).
connected between them and the wall socket, and ensure that all line filters
are correctly installed and the right way around. Missing line filters or line
filters installed the wrong way around can cause problems with your ADSL
connection, including causing frequent disconnections.
Problems with the LAN Interface
Problem
Corrective Action
Can’t ping any PCs on Check the Ethernet LEDs on the front panel. The LED should be on for a
the LAN.
port that has a PC connected. If it is off, check the cables between your
router and the PC. Make sure you have uninstalled any software firewall for
troubleshooting.
Verify that the IP address and the subnet mask are consistent between the
router and the workstations.
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APPENDIX A: Windows 98 setup
Installation & Setup: (Windows 98, 98SE, ME or NT4)
Hardware Installation:
Follow the installation instructions below, referring to the images provided for each step. Also
note the hardware overview diagram (Figure 1) and the corresponding letter indicators.
1. Power up the device
a) Plug the power adapter into the electrical wall-socket (A).
b) Plug the power pin-connector (male) into the router’s power socket (B).
c) Switch the router on.
d) Wait approximately 1 minute, then confirm that the “PWR” and “SYS” LED’s
(front panel lights) are steadily lit.
A
B
2. Connect the ADSL line
a) Connect one of the included (grey) telephone cable between the Telkom
wall-socket and one of the sockets on the integrated power and surge unit (C).
b) Connect the other included (grey) telephone cable between the remaining
unused socket on the integrated power and surge unit and the router’s “ADSL”
port (D).
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C
D
c) Your router will now attempt to synchronize with the Telkom ADSL line. The
“ADSL/PPP” LED will start to blink green and after approximately 1-2 minutes
be steadily lit orange. If the “ADSL/PPP” LED does not become lit, please refer
to the troubleshooting section at the end of this guide.
d) The Mega 200VWR router is, by default, distributed with a guest ISP
username and password. This guest account allows you access to the
www.telkom.co.za website only. Although this account only allows limited
access, it serves as a tool to confirm that your hardware installation and your
own PC’s network configuration has been completed successfully. This guest
account will cause your router’s “ADSL/PPP” LED to be steadily lit orange now.
We will again refer to this guest account at a later stage of the installation
process.
3. Connect the LAN (network) cable
a) Plug one end of the enclosed (yellow) Ethernet (CAT-5 LAN) cable into one of
the router’s LAN ports, you may choose any of the 4 ports (E).
b) Plug the other end of the Ethernet (CAT-5 LAN) cable into your computer’s
network port or network hub/switch (F).
F
E
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c) Confirm that the corresponding LAN LED is lit. If it is not lit, you may have
plugged the cable into the wrong port on the back panel of your PC.
d) You can connect up to 4 network devices directly to the Mega 200VWR.
4. Connect the ADSL micro filters
a) If you also intend to use traditional telephones (for normal voice calls) on the
ADSL line, you need to connect the included ADSL micro filters. (These units
filter out any data noise on your voice lines.) Note that this setup is not for
VoIP calls, but traditional analog voice calls on your ADSL line. These
calls are charged separately.
b) Plug the micro filter into the remaining Telkom ADSL wall-socket. (G).
c) Plug the telephone into the micro filter using the included (grey) telephone
cable. (H)
G
H
d) Important Note: Make sure that you do not connect any micro-filters between
the Telkom wall socket used for the router and the router itself. Refer to the
route indicated by (C) and (D) below.
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C
G
A
B
D
G
H
E
F
Figure 1
9 Step 4 above is used when you still want to be able to use your
ADSL line to make normal traditional analog calls.
9 Setting up your Mega 200VWR hardware to be able to make
VoIP calls will be covered later in the Quick Start Guide.
9 Please refer to the the VoIP section of this online manual for
further information pertaining to VoIP.
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Network Card Configuration:
Using Windows 98/ME:
1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In
the Control Panel, double-click on Network
and choose the Configuration tab.
2. Select TCP/IP ->
NE2000 Compatible, or the name of your
Network Interface Card (NIC) in your PC.
3. Select the Obtain an IP address
automatically radio button.
4. Then select the DNS Configuration tab.
5. Select the Disable DNS radio button and
click OK.
6. Click OK again to finish the configuration.
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Using Windows NT4.0:
1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In
the Control Panel, double-click on Network
and choose the Protocols tab.
2. Select TCP/IP Protocol and click
Properties.
3. Select the Obtain an IP address from a
DHCP server radio button.
4. Now select the DNS tab and make sure that
no DNS is specified.
5. Click OK to close TCP/IP Properties.
6. Click OK again to close the Network
window.
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Router Setup and miscellaneous tasks:
In this section you will:
1) Verify that your computer meets the minimum requirements for Telkom ADSL
2) Verify your Telkom ADSL service on the Telkom website
3) Setup your own ISP account on your Mega 200VWR router
4) Test your Internet connection by opening a webpage
5) Setup E-Mail account in Outlook Express (optional)
6) Request VoIP account(s) on the Telkom VoIP website (optional)
7) Setup VoIP account(s) on your Mega 200VWR (optional)
8) Read this manual. (optional)
9 It is crucially important to read the supplementary information
supplied on the right side of the auto run menu. It supplies valuable
information on how to use the menu and explains the function of
each step and button.
If you have not already inserted the CD and launched the menu below, please do so now.
A menu screen will be displayed as shown in figure 2 below.
Figure 2
9 If nothing happens when you insert the CD, please refer to the
troubleshooting section at the end of this section.
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Please complete steps 1 through 8 as listed below:
1) Verify that your computer meets the minimum requirements for Telkom
ADSL:
Click the “PC Qualification Test” button on the menu screen. A diagnostic program
will open to verify that your PC meets the minimum requirements. Just follow the
instructions and when complete, close the program to return to the menu screen
and proceed to the next step.
If you encounter any problems or have any questions, please contact the
helpdesk for which the contact information is provided in the last section of this
quick start booklet.
2) Verify your ADSL service on the Telkom website:
Click the ‘Verify Telkom ADSL service’ button. Your web-browser will now open
and attempt to connect to the Telkom ADSL service verification page. Once the
site is fully displayed, follow the on-screen instructions to complete your ADSL
service verification. Once you have done this, close the web browser and return to
the menu screen.
9 It is imperative that you verify your ADSL service on
this webpage within seven days of
line
installation/conversion. If you do not, Telkom will
cancel your ADSL service.
9 If you are using the Internet browser for the first time, it will
prompt you to complete a few simple setup tasks.
9 If you are unable to view the Telkom verification webpage,
please make sure that you have performed the previous
steps (hardware setup and network card setup) of this
quick setup guide correctly. If the problem persists,
contact technical support.
3) Setup your own ISP account on your Mega 200VWR router:
9
Important
Information
Before you continue, make sure that you do not have
any active software firewalls running. These include
programs like: Norton Internet Security, TrendMicro’s
PC-Cillin, Bit-Defender, McAfee, etc. Please disable
these programs temporarily to perform the next step. It
is also important to remember to re-activate your
software firewall after you have completed this step.
Click the “Setup ISP account” button. The Mega 200VWR utility will now open and
allow you to enter your ISP(Internet Service Provider) username and password in
the fields indicated by the two arrows in Figure 3 and save it to the Mega
200VWR.
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9 Since you have not yet registered/received your VoIP number(s),
please leave the VoIP fields as is. You will be given the option to
register VoIP account(s) and save them to the router in steps to
follow.
Figure 3
After you have entered your ISP details, click the “Save” button. The router will
now be updated with your own ISP account details. On successful completion, a
message will be displayed reporting that the save process was a success. Click
“Ok” and close the utility , then proceed to the next step.
9 If the utility does not seem to respond or encounter errors,
please refer to error 3 in the troubleshooting section.
9 If you want to rerun this utility in future, insert the Mega
200VWR CD, then click on “Start”, “Run” and type “D:\
RouterUtil\setup.exe”. Where D is the drive letter
representing your CD Rom drive.
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4) Test your Internet connection by opening a webpage:
Click the ‘Test your connection’ button. This will open the website
www.aardvark.co.za and will serve as a test to determine whether you have
performed the previous steps correctly.
If you are able to see aardvark.co.za, please proceed to the next step. If you
cannot see the aardvark.co.za webpage, please confirm that you have entered
your ISP account details correctly by repeating the previous step. If the problem
persists, please contact support.
5) Setup E-Mail account in Outlook Express: (optional)
In the step 6 you will register/request a Telkom Internet Communicator VoIP
account and on completion of that process the VoIP account details will be
e-mailed to you. This step will now assist you in setting up an E-mail account in
Outlook Express in order to receive that e-mail.
These steps illustrate setting up an E-mail account in Outlook Express. If you
prefer to use another mail client application such as Microsoft Office Outlook,
please feel free to do so.
Before you continue, ensure that you know your E-mail address, names of the
incoming and outgoing mail servers (e.g. pop.telkomsa.net) and your mail
account details (usually a pop username and password). Your ISP should have
given you this information on a welcome letter of fax. If you do not have this info,
please request it from your ISP before you continue.
Please follow steps A - F in order to complete the E-mail account setup:
a. Start Outlook Express by clicking the ‘Setup E-Mail account’ button on the
menu screen or start it manually by selecting it in the programs menu (refer to
the figure below). When Outlook Express has opened, click on the Tools
menu, click Accounts. If the Account Setup Wizard starts up automatically,
skip ahead to step c.
b. Click Add, and then click Mail.
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c. The “Your Name” page will be displayed, type your name as you want it to
appear to everyone who gets e-mail from you, then click Next.
d. Enter your E-mail address exactly as provided by your ISP and as you entered
it in the Telkom VoIP registration webpage. Click next.
e. Enter your incoming (POP) and outgoing (SMTP) mail server details in the
spaces provided. Click next.
f. Enter your account username and password in this form. You will also have
the option for Outlook Express to remember your password so that you do not
have to retype it every time you download E-mail. Click next and then click
finish.
You have now setup your E-mail account and you are ready to receive the E-mail
containing your VoIP account details.
6) Register/request VoIP account(s) on the Telkom VoIP website: (optional)
9 Only Telkom ISP customers qualify for Telkom Internet
Communicator VoIP accounts.
A VoIP account is needed for making cheap Internet voice calls using your Mega
200VWR, much like an ISP account is needed for connecting to the Internet. A
VoIP account has two parts, the phone number and password.
Click the ‘Register VoIP Account(s)’ button to open the Telkom VoIP webpage,
which will give you the opportunity to register a Telkom Internet Communicator
VoIP account. Follow the on-screen instructions.
Once the registration process is complete, your VoIP account details will be
e-mailed to the e-mail address specified. You will need these account details to
setup VoIP on your Mega 200VWR in the following steps. Please close the VoIP
registration page.
7) Setup VoIP account(s) on your Mega 200VWR: (optional)
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Mega 200VWR Router
a. Click the “Setup VoIP accounts” button. The Mega 200VWR Management
utility will again open (see figure below).
9
Important
Information
Before you continue, make sure that you do not have any
active software firewalls running. These include programs
like: Norton Internet Security, TrendMicro’s PC-Cillin,
Bit-Defender, McAfee, etc. Please disable these
programs temporarily to perform the next step. It is also
important to remember to re-activate your software
firewall after you have completed this step.
b. Insert the Telkom Internet Communicator VoIP account details you received
per e-mail into the spaces provided – indicated by the arrows above. If you
have only registered for & received one VoIP account, it is recommended to
use the Phone port 1 fields. (More VoIP accounts can be obtained from the
Telkom VoIP website, but please be aware that the Mega 200VWR can only
accommodate two VoIP accounts at a time.
9 Please also re-insert your ISP details in the top two fields
(username and password). This is needed to complete the
save action successfully.
c. Click the “Save” button. Your VoIP account and ISP account details will be
saved to the router. On successful completion of the process, a message will
be displayed. Click ‘Ok’ to close the confirmation message then close the utility
by clicking the standard close button (Top-right on the form) returning you to
the menu screen.
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Mega 200VWR Router
d. A router restart will be required to initialize your VoIP account(s). Power down
the router manually, wait a few seconds and power it up again in order for the
new settings to be applied. Once the “ADSL/PPP” LED is steadily lit orange
and the VoIP LED is lit, you have successfully saved your VoIP details onto the
router.
e. In order to make cost-effective VoIP calls using your standard telephone, you
will also need to perform some additional hardware setup tasks. Please follow
the two steps below:
ƒ
ƒ
Plug a micro filter into the remaining Telkom ADSL wall-socket and
connect the other end of the filter to the “LINE” port on the back panel of
your Mega 200VWR, using an enclosed (grey) telephone cable. (I)
Connect the telephones that you intend to use for VoIP to the
telephone ports on the back panel of the Mega 200VWR using a
telephone cable. Please note that there are two telephone ports and
that they correspond to the two VoIP accounts you have seen earlier in
this step. If you have only one VoIP account, it is recommended to use
telephone port 1. (J)
I
J
I
J
8) Read the router’s user manual:
The last button on the menu, “Read User Manual (.PDF)”, will open the User
manual from the CD. It is recommended that you read this manual should you
want to make use of some of the advanced features on the Mega 200VWR. The
manual is in Adobe Acrobat PDF format and requires Acrobat reader to open the
file. If you do not have Acrobat reader installed on your PC. Click on the “Install
Acrobat Reader….” hyperlink to the immediate right of the manual button, select
your operating system and click install.
9 You have now completed the Mega 200VWR setup (for
Windows 98, 98SE, ME or NT4) and can close the menu
screen by clicking the ‘Exit’ button. You should now be able
to browse the Internet and make VoIP calls. If you encounter
any problems, please refer to the troubleshooting section at
the end of the quick start guide and manual or contact the
helpdesk.
Mac OS is a registered Trademark of Apple Computer, Inc.
Windows 98, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows Me and Windows XP are registered Trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Appendix A: Product Support and Contact Information
170
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