Yamaha | YXR66FAV | Owner`s manual | Yamaha YXR66FAV Owner`s manual

READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY!
It contains important safety information.
OWNER’S MANUAL
YXR66FAV
LIT-11626-19-41
5UG-F8199-12
EBU00776
U5UG12.book Page 1 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00010
INTRODUCTION
1-
Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha YXR66FAV. It represents the result of many
years of Yamaha experience in the production of fine sporting, touring, and pace-setting racing
vehicles. With the purchase of this Yamaha, you can now appreciate the high degree of craftsmanship and reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these fields.
This manual will provide you with a good basic understanding of the features and operation of this
vehicle. It also includes basic maintenance and inspection procedures. If you have any questions
regarding the operation or maintenance of your vehicle, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
WARNING
_
Please read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle. Do not attempt to operate
this vehicle until you have attained adequate knowledge of its controls and operating features. Regular inspections and careful maintenance, along with good operating techniques, will help ensure that you safely enjoy the capabilities and reliability of this vehicle.
_
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EVU00021
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
1-
FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE WARNINGS CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL CAN RESULT IN
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT!
YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!
WARNING
CAUTION:
NOTE:
Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe
injury or death to the vehicle operator, a bystander or a person
inspecting or repairing the vehicle.
A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to
avoid damage to the vehicle.
A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
*Product and specifications are subject to change without notice.
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EVU00030
IMPORTANT NOTICE
2-
●
●
●
This vehicle is designed and manufactured for off-road use only. It is illegal to operate
this vehicle on any public street, road, or highway. Such use is prohibited by law.
Check the laws and regulations in force before choosing where to operate this vehicle.
It is illegal to operate this vehicle on public lands where vehicles its size are prohibited.
This vehicle complies with almost all state off-highway noise level and spark arrester
laws and regulations.
EVU00040
AFFIX DEALER
LABEL HERE
YXR66FAV
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2005 by Yamaha Motor Corporation,
U.S.A.
1st edition, June 2005
All rights reserved. Any reprinting or
unauthorized use without the written
permission of
Yamaha Motor Corporation,
U.S.A. is expressly prohibited.
Printed in U.S.A.
P/N LIT-11626-19-41
U5UG12.book Page 1 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00050
Brake pedal....................................4-16
Parking brake lever........................4-17
Drive select lever ...........................4-18
Fuel tank cap .................................4-18
Fuel level check window ................4-19
Starter (choke) ...............................4-19
Seats ..............................................4-20
Seat belts .......................................4-21
Glove compartment .......................4-23
Cargo bed ......................................4-23
Front and rear shock absorber
adjustment ...................................4-26
Trailer hitch bracket .......................4-28
Auxiliary DC jack............................4-29
CONTENTS
1
LOCATION OF THE WARNING
AND SPECIFICATION LABELS....... 1-1
2
SAFETY INFORMATION.................. 2-1
3
DESCRIPTION AND VEHICLE
IDENTIFICATION ............................. 3-1
Identification number records.......... 3-3
Key identification number................ 3-3
Vehicle identification number .......... 3-4
Model label ...................................... 3-4
4
CONTROL FUNCTIONS .................. 4-1
Main switch...................................... 4-1
Indicator and warning lights ............ 4-3
Indicator and warning lights
(special edition models)................. 4-6
Multi-function meter unit
(special edition models)................. 4-9
Switches ........................................ 4-11
Accelerator pedal .......................... 4-15
5
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS ............5-1
Front and rear brakes ......................5-2
Fuel ..................................................5-4
Engine oil .........................................5-5
Coolant.............................................5-6
Final gear oil ....................................5-7
Differential gear oil ...........................5-7
Accelerator pedal .............................5-7
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Learning to operate your vehicle..... 7-5
Turning your vehicle ........................ 7-6
Braking............................................. 7-7
Going uphill...................................... 7-7
Going downhill ................................. 7-9
Crossing through shallow water .... 7-11
Riding over rough terrain............... 7-13
Riding in brush or wooded
areas............................................ 7-14
Encountering obstacles on the
trail ............................................... 7-15
Seat belts ........................................ 5-7
Steering........................................... 5-8
Fittings and fasteners...................... 5-8
Lights............................................... 5-8
Switches.......................................... 5-8
Tires ................................................ 5-8
How to measure tire pressure....... 5-10
Tire wear limit................................ 5-11
6
7
OPERATION..................................... 6-1
Starting a cold engine ..................... 6-1
Starting a warm engine................... 6-3
Jump-starting .................................. 6-3
Warming up..................................... 6-5
Drive select lever operation and
reverse driving............................... 6-5
Engine break-in............................... 6-7
Parking ............................................ 6-9
Parking on a slope .......................... 6-9
Accessories and loading............... 6-10
DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE............... 7-1
Getting to know your vehicle........... 7-1
8
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
ADJUSTMENT .................................. 8-1
Owner’s manual and tool kit............ 8-1
Periodic maintenance/
lubrication ...................................... 8-4
Hood ................................................ 8-6
Console............................................ 8-8
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge ...... 8-9
Final gear oil .................................. 8-13
Differential gear oil......................... 8-15
Coolant .......................................... 8-17
U5UG12.book Page 3 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Axle boots...................................... 8-18
Spark plug inspection.................... 8-20
Cleaning the air filter elements...... 8-22
V-belt cooling duct check hose ..... 8-27
V-belt case drain plug.................... 8-28
Cleaning the spark arrester........... 8-29
Carburetor adjustment................... 8-30
Idle speed adjustment ................... 8-31
Valve clearance adjustment .......... 8-31
Front brake pad check .................. 8-32
Rear brake pad check ................... 8-33
Checking the brake fluid level ....... 8-33
Brake fluid replacement................. 8-34
Checking the brake pedal ............. 8-35
Parking brake lever free play
adjustment................................... 8-36
Brake light switch adjustment........ 8-37
Cable inspection and lubrication ... 8-38
Brake pedal and accelerator
pedal lubrication .......................... 8-39
Rear knuckle upper and lower
pivot lubrication............................ 8-39
Steering shaft lubrication............... 8-40
Wheel removal...............................8-40
Wheel installation...........................8-41
Battery............................................8-42
Battery maintenance......................8-43
Fuse replacement ..........................8-44
Replacing a headlight bulb ............8-46
Headlight beam adjustment...........8-49
Tail/brake light bulb
replacement .................................8-50
Troubleshooting .............................8-52
Troubleshooting charts ..................8-53
9
CLEANING AND STORAGE ............9-1
A. Cleaning ......................................9-1
B. Storage ........................................9-3
10
SPECIFICATIONS .........................10-1
11
NOISE REGULATION.....................11-1
12
MAINTENANCE RECORD .............12-1
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13
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION,
U.S.A. SIDE × SIDE VEHICLE
LIMITED WARRANTY ................... 13-1
14
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE
(Y.E.S.) .......................................... 14-1
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EVU00060
LOCATION OF THE WARNING AND
SPECIFICATION LABELS
1-
1-1
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2
Read and understand all of the labels on your
vehicle. They contain important information
for safe and proper operation of your vehicle.
WARNING
IMPROPER TIRE PRESSURE OR OVERLOADING CAN CAUSE
LOSS OF CONTROL.
LOSS OF CONTROL CAN RESULT IN SEVERE INJURY OR
DEATH.
OPERATING TIRE PRESSURE: Set with tires cold.
RECOMMENDED: FRONT: 70kPa, {.70kgf/cm}, 10psi
REAR: 98kPa, {.98kgf/cm}, 14psi
MINIMUM:
FRONT: 63kPa, {.63kgf/cm}, 9psi
REAR: 91kPa, {.91kgf/cm}, 13psi
Never set tire pressure below minimum. Tire may
dislodge from rim.
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating: 907 kg (2000lb)
maximum including weight of operator,
passenger, accessories, cargo, and
(if applicable) trailer tongue weight.
Never remove any labels from your vehicle. If
a label becomes difficult to read or comes off,
a replacement label is available from your
Yamaha dealer.
1
WARNING
The enclosure cannot protect occupants
in all foreseeable accidents, including
rollover.
YAMAHA
5UG-K8483-00
YAMAHA
5UG-F1696-01
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
1-2
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3
4
WARNING
WARNING
Keep hands, body, other
persons away when closing bed.
Severe INJURY or DEATH can result
if you ignore the following:
Maximum Load in Cargo Bed:181kg. (400lb).
Never carry passengers in cargo bed.
Cargo can affect handling and stability.
Read Owner’s Manual before loading or
towing.
When loading with cargo or towing a
trailer: Reduce speed and allow more
room to stop. Avoid hills and rough
terrain.
Be sure cargo is secured - a loose load
could change handling unexpectedly.
Keep weight in the cargo bed centered,
and as low and far forward as possible.
Top-heavy loads increase the risk of
overturn.
Do not operate the vehicle
with bed up.
YAMAHA
5UG-K7764-00
YAMAHA
1-3
5UG-F4897-00
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5
6
WARNING
Improperly loading a trailer
and failure to use extra care
when pulling trailer can cause
an accident or injury. Never
load more than 50kg (110 lbs)
tongue weight on the towing
bracket. Do not tow more than
550kg (1212 lbs) rolling weight
(trailer plus cargo). Operate
in low-range gears only, allow
for increased braking distance,
and use extreme caution when
operating on inclines. Read
carefully the loading information
and trailer hitch sections in the
owner’s manual.
MAX 7.3 INCH
(185MM)
YAMAHA
5UG-F151J-00
YAMAHA
1-4
5UG-F151K-02
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7
WARNING
Turning the off road vehicle in 4WD-LOCK
(“DIFF.LOCK”) takes more effort.
Operate at a slow speed and allow
extra time and distance for maneuvers
to avoid loss of control.
5UG-F1558-00
8
WARNING
Improper use can result in Severe INJURY or DEATH.
This off-highway utility vehicle will handle and
maneuver differently from an ordinary passenger car
or other vehicle.
Vehicle capacity: 1 operator and 1 passenger. Passenger
must be able to reach and hold the handgrip inside
enclosure.
This vehicle is recommended only for operators 16 and
older with a valid motor vehicle license. Adults must
supervise use by minors. Check state laws for minimum
age requirements.
ALWAYS
wear a seat belt when riding in the vehicle.
keep your hands and feet inside the vehicle at all
times-watch for branches, brush, or other hazards
that could enter the vehicle.
drive straight up and down inclines-driving across
the side of an incline increase the risk of overturn.
ALWAYS USE AN
APPROVED HELMET
AND PROTECTIVE GEAR
NEVER
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating: 2000 lb (907 kg) maximum
including operator, passenger, accessories, cargo and
trailer tongue weight.
operate through water deeper than 13” (33cm) or fast
flowing water-if you must cross shallow, slow moving
water, choose your path carefully to avoid sharp
drop-offs, large rocks, or slippery surfaces that
could cause the vehicle to overturn.
Passenger and cargo can affect vehicle handling.
make sharp, high-speed turns-the vehicle could roll
over or go out of control.
NEVER USE ON PUBLIC
ROADS OR PAVEMENT
NEVER USE WITH
DRUGS OR ALCOHOL
LOCATE AND READ THE OWNER’S MANUAL. FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS.
YAMAHA
5UG-F1568-01
1-5
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EVU00070
SAFETY INFORMATION
This off-highway utility vehicle handles differently from other vehicles including cars and ATVs.
SEVERE INJURY OR DEATH can result if you do not follow these instructions:
● Read this manual and all labels carefully and follow the operating procedures described.
● This vehicle is designed to carry the driver and one passenger. Never carry passengers in the
cargo bed.
● Always be sure the driver and passenger are wearing seat belts.
● Never give a ride to a passenger who is too small to reach and hold the handgrip on the enclosure.
● Always avoid operating the vehicle on any paved surfaces, including sidewalks, driveways,
parking lots, and streets.
● Never operate this vehicle on any public street, road, or highway, even a dirt or gravel one.
● Never operate this vehicle without wearing an approved motorcycle helmet that fits properly.
You should also wear eye protection (goggles or a face shield), gloves, over-the-ankle boots,
long-sleeved shirt or jacket, and long pants.
● Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating this vehicle.
● Never operate at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions. Always go at a speed that is
proper for the terrain, visibility, operating conditions, and your experience.
● Never attempt jumps or other stunts.
2-1
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2
3
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●
●
●
●
●
●
●
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Always inspect your vehicle each time you use it to be sure it is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in this manual.
Always keep both hands, arms, feet, and legs inside the vehicle at all times during operation.
Keep your feet on the floorboard. Never hold onto the enclosure except when using the handgrip inside the enclosure. Otherwise, your hand could be injured if it is caught between the enclosure and an obstacle outside the vehicle.
Always keep both hands on the steering wheel when driving.
Never wrap your thumbs and fingers around the steering wheel. This is particularly important
when driving in rough terrain. The front wheels will move right and left as they respond to the
terrain, and this movement will be felt in the steering wheel. A sudden jolt could wrench the
steering wheel around, and your thumbs or fingers could be injured if they are in the way of the
steering wheel spokes.
Always go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar terrain. Always be alert to
changing terrain conditions when driving the vehicle.
Never operate on excessively rough, slippery, or loose terrain until you have learned and practiced the skills necessary to control the vehicle on such terrain. Always be especially cautious
on these kinds of terrain.
Never turn at excessive speed. Practice turning at slow speeds before attempting to turn at
faster speeds. Do not attempt turns on steep inclines.
Never operate the vehicle on hills that are too steep for it or for your abilities. Go straight up and
down hills where possible. Maximum slope angle: 15°
2-2
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●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Never operate on hills that are slippery or ones where you will not be able to see far enough
ahead of you. Never go over the top of a hill at speed if you cannot see what is on the other
side.
Always follow proper procedures for going uphill. If you lose momentum and cannot continue
up a hill, back down the hill with the engine in reverse gear. Use engine braking to help you go
slowly. If necessary, use the brakes gradually to help you go slowly.
Always check terrain carefully before going down hills. Go as slowly as possible. Never go
down a hill at high speed.
Always check for obstacles before operating in a new area.
Never operate the vehicle in fast flowing water or water deeper than the floorboards on this
model. Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test your brakes after
leaving water. If necessary, apply them several times to let friction dry out the linings.
Always be sure there are no obstacles or people behind you when you operate in reverse.
When it is safe to proceed in reverse, go slowly. Do not brake abruptly when carrying loads in
the cargo bed.
Always use the size and type of tires specified in this manual.
Always maintain proper tire pressure as described in this manual.
Never exceed the stated load capacity. Cargo should be as far forward in the bed as possible,
and distributed evenly from side to side. Be sure cargo is secured so that it cannot move
around during operation. Reduce speed and follow instructions in this manual for carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance for braking.
2-3
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WARNING
When transporting the vehicle in another vehicle, be sure it is kept in an upright
position. Otherwise, fuel may leak out of
the carburetor or fuel tank.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Gasoline is poisonous and can cause
injuries.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
If you should swallow some gasoline or
inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or get
some gasoline in your eyes, see your
doctor immediately. If gasoline spills on
your skin, wash with soap and water. If
gasoline spills on your clothing, change
your clothes.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper handling of gasoline.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Gasoline can catch fire and you could
be burned.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always turn off the engine when refueling. Do not refuel right after the engine
has been running and is still very hot.
Do not spill gasoline on the engine or
exhaust pipe/muffler when refueling.
Never refuel while smoking, or while in
the vicinity of sparks, open flames, or
other sources of ignition such as the pilot lights of water heaters and clothes
dryers.
2-4
U5UG12.book Page 5 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Starting or running the engine in a
closed area.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Exhaust fumes are poisonous and may
cause loss of consciousness and death
within a short time.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always operate your vehicle in an area
with adequate ventilation.
2-5
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EVU00080
DESCRIPTION AND VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
1-
1. Headlights
2. Front shock absorber assembly adjusting ring
3. Brake fluid reservoir
4. Air filter element (engine and air intake duct)
5. V-belt case
6. Driver seat
7. Driver seat belt
8. Spark plug
9. Cargo bed
10. Tail/brake lights
11. Rear shock absorber assembly adjusting ring
12. Cargo bed release levers
13. Spark arrester
14. Passenger seat belt
15. Passenger seat
16. Oil filter cartridge
17. Engine oil dipstick
18. Battery
19. Fuses
20. Coolant reservoir
21. Radiator cap
22. Fuel level check window
23. Fuel tank cap
3-1
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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
24. Light switch
25. Steering wheel
26. Starter (choke)
27. Main switch
28. On-Command four-wheel drive and differential gear lock switches
29. Indicator and warning lights
30. Multi-function meter unit (special edition models)
31. Auxiliary DC jack
32. Drive select lever
33. Parking brake lever
34. Accelerator pedal
35. Brake pedal
10
11
12
13
14
NOTE:
_
The vehicle you have purchased may differ slightly
from those shown in the figures of this manual.
_
3-2
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EVU00090
EVU00100
Identification number records
Record the key identification number, vehicle
identification number and model label information in the spaces provided for assistance
when ordering spare parts from a Yamaha
dealer or for reference in case the vehicle is
stolen.
Key identification number
The key identification number is stamped on
the key as shown in the following illustration.
This number can be used for ordering a new
key.
1. KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
ACA-02E
2. VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
ACA-02E
1. Key identification number
3. MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
ACA-01E
3-3
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EVU00110
EVU00120
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is stamped
into the frame.
Model label
The model label is affixed to the location in the
illustration. Record the information on this label in the space provided. This information will
be needed to order spare parts from your
Yamaha dealer.
1. Vehicle identification number
NOTE:
The vehicle identification number is used to
identify your vehicle.
_
1. Model label
_
3-4
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EVU00130
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Functions of the respective switch positions
are as follows:
ON:
All electrical circuits are supplied with power,
and the headlights and taillights come on
when the light switch is on.
OFF:
All electrical circuits are switched off. The key
can be removed in this position.
START:
The electric starter is engaged by turning and
holding the key in this position. Release the
key when the engine starts.
1-
EVU00140
Main switch
1. Main switch
4-1
U5UG12.book Page 2 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
CAUTION:
1
_
●
●
●
Do not operate the electric starter
continuously for more than 5 seconds, or starter damage could occur.
Wait at least 5 seconds between each
operation of the electric starter to let it
cool.
Do not turn the key to the “START”
position with the engine running, or
damage to the electric starter can result.
See starting instructions prior to starting the engine. (See pages 6-1–6-3 for
details.)
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
_
12
13
14
4-2
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EVU00150
EVU00210
Indicator and warning lights
Parking brake indicator light “P”
This indicator light comes on when the parking brake is applied.
EVU00160
Reverse indicator light “R”
This indicator light comes on when the drive
select lever is in the “R” reverse position.
NOTE:
If the indicator light flashes while riding, have
a Yamaha dealer check the speed sensor circuit.
_
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Parking brake indicator light “P”
Reverse indicator light “R”
Neutral indicator light “N”
Four-wheel-drive indicator light “ ”
Differential gear lock indicator light “
Coolant temperature warning light “
_
DIFF.
LOCK
”
”
EVU00170
Neutral indicator light “N”
This indicator light comes on when the drive
select lever is in the “N” position.
4-3
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EVU00200
EVU00180
Four-wheel-drive indicator light “ ”
This indicator light comes on when the “2WD/
4WD” switch is in the “4WD” position.
Coolant temperature warning light “ ”
When the coolant temperature reaches a
specified level, this light comes on to warn
that the coolant temperature is too hot. If the
light comes on during operation, stop the engine as soon as it is safe to do so and allow
the engine to cool down for about 10 minutes.
NOTE:
Due to the synchronizing mechanism in the
differential gear case, the light may not come
on until the vehicle starts moving.
_
_
CAUTION:
_
●
EVU00220
Differential gear lock indicator light “ ”
This indicator light comes on when the differential gear lock switch is set to the “LOCK4WD” position.
DIFF.
LOCK
●
_
4-4
The engine may overheat if the vehicle
is overloaded. If this happens, reduce
the load to specification.
After restarting, make sure that the
light is out. Continuous use while the
light is on may cause damage to the
engine.
U5UG12.book Page 5 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00190
Coolant temperature warning light checking method
Turn the main switch to “ON”.
Coolant temperature warning
light does not come on.
Coolant temperature
warning light comes on.
Turn the main switch to “START” with
the transmission in the neutral position.
Coolant temperature
warning light comes on
momentarily.
Coolant temperature
warning light does not
come on.
Coolant temperature and
electrical circuit are OK.
Go ahead with riding.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to
inspect the electrical circuit.
4-5
U5UG12.book Page 6 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00150*
EVU01130
Indicator and warning lights
(special edition models)
Differential gear lock indicator light “DIFF.
LOCK”
This indicator light and the differential gear
lock indicator in the display come on when the
differential gear lock switch is set to the “4WDLOCK” position.
NOTE:
When the switch is set to “LOCK”, the differential gear lock indicator light will flash until
the differential gear is locked.
_
_
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Differential gear lock indicator light “DIFF. LOCK”
Low-range indicator light “L”
High-range indicator light “H”
Neutral indicator light “N”
Reverse indicator light “R”
Parking brake indicator light “P”
Four-wheel-drive indicator “
”/“
”
Coolant temperature warning light “
”
EVU01140
Low-range indicator light “L”
This indicator light comes on when the drive
select lever is in the “L” position.
DIFF.
LOCK
EVU01150
High-range indicator light “H”
This indicator light comes on when the drive
select lever is in the “H” position.
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EVU00170
EVU01160
Neutral indicator light “N”
This indicator light comes on when the drive
select lever is in the “N” position.
Four-wheel-drive indicator “ ”/“ ”
This indicator comes on when the “2WD”/
“4WD” switch is set to the “4WD” position. The
differential gear lock indicator “DIFF.LOCK” in
the four-wheel-drive indicator also comes on
when the “LOCK”-“4WD” switch is set to the
“4WD-LOCK” position.
DIFF.
LOCK
EVU00160
Reverse indicator light “R”
This indicator light comes on when the drive
select lever is in the “R” reverse position.
NOTE:
If the indicator light flashes while riding, have
a Yamaha dealer check the speed sensor circuit.
NOTE:
Due to the synchronizing mechanism in the
differential gear case, the four-wheel drive indicator may not come on until the vehicle
starts moving.
_
_
_
_
EVU00210
EVU00180
Parking brake indicator light “P”
This indicator light comes on when the parking brake is applied.
Coolant temperature warning light “ ”
When the coolant temperature reaches a
specified level, this light comes on to warn
that the coolant temperature is too hot. If the
light comes on during operation, stop the engine as soon as it is safe to do so and allow
the engine to cool down for about 10 minutes.
4-7
U5UG12.book Page 8 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
CAUTION:
_
●
●
The engine may overheat if the vehicle
is overloaded. If this happens, reduce
the load to specification.
After restarting, make sure that the
light is out. Continuous use while the
light is on may cause damage to the
engine.
_
4-8
U5UG12.book Page 9 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01171*
Multi-function meter unit
(special edition models)
●
●
●
1.
3.
5.
6.
Speedometer
2. “H” button
“M” button
4. Clock/Hour meter
Odometer/Tripmeter A/Tripmeter B
“TRIP/ODO” button
7. Clock/Hour button “
”/“
”
The multi-function meter unit is equipped with
the following:
● a speedometer (which shows the riding
speed)
● an odometer (which shows the total distance traveled)
4-9
two tripmeters (which show the distance
traveled since they were last set to zero)
a clock
an hour meter (which shows the total time
the key has been turned to “ON”)
U5UG12.book Page 10 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Odometer and tripmeter modes
Pushing the “TRIP/ODO” button switches the
display between the odometer mode “ODO”
and the tripmeter modes “A” and “B” in the following order:
ODO→TRIP A→TRIP B→ODO
To reset a tripmeter, select it by pushing the
“TRIP/ODO” button, and then push the “TRIP/
ODO” button for at least three seconds. The
tripmeters can be used to estimate the distance that can be traveled with a full tank of fuel. This information will enable you to plan
future fuel stops.
Clock mode
Pushing the “
”/“ ” button switches the
display between the clock mode “CLOCK”
and the hour meter mode “HOUR” in the following order:
CLOCK→HOUR→CLOCK
To set the clock
1. Set the display to the clock mode.
2. Push the “
”/“ ” button until the clock
starts flashing.
3. Set the hours by pushing the “H” button.
4. Set the minutes by pushing the “M” button.
5. Push the “
”/“ ” button, and then release it to start the clock.
NOTE:
Holding in the “TRIP/ODO” button and then
turning the key to “ON” switches the display
between “mph” and “km/h”.
_
_
4-10
U5UG12.book Page 11 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00230
Switches
CAUTION:
_
Do not use the headlights with the engine
turned off for an extended period of time.
The battery may discharge to the point
that the starter motor will not operate
properly. If this should happen, remove
the battery and recharge it.
_
1. Light switch “OFF/
L
/
H
”
EVU00240
Light switch “OFF/ L / H ”
Set the switch to “ L ” to turn on the low beam
and the taillights.
Set the switch to “ H ” to turn on the high
beam and the taillights.
Set the switch to “OFF” to turn off all the lights.
4-11
U5UG12.book Page 12 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01580
On-Command four-wheel drive and differential gear lock switches
●
●
1. On-Command four-wheel drive switch “2WD”/“4WD”
2. Differential gear lock switch “LOCK”/“4WD”
This vehicle is equipped with an On-Command four-wheel drive switch “2WD”/“4WD”
and a differential gear lock switch “LOCK”/
“4WD”. Select the appropriate drive according
to terrain and the conditions.
● Two-wheel drive (“2WD”): Power is supplied to the rear wheels only.
4-12
Four-wheel drive (“4WD”): Power is supplied to the rear and front wheels.
Four-wheel drive with the differential gear
locked (“4WD-LOCK”): Power is supplied
to the rear and front wheels when the differential gear is locked (“DIFF.LOCK”). Unlike
the 4WD mode, all wheels turn at the same
speed regardless of traction.
U5UG12.book Page 13 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
On-Command four-wheel drive switch
“2WD”/“4WD”
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Changing from 2WD to 4WD or from
4WD to 4WD-LOCK (“DIFF.LOCK”), or
vice-versa while the vehicle is moving.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The vehicle handles differently in 2WD
than in 4WD and in 4WD-LOCK in some
circumstances. Changing from 2WD to
4WD or from 4WD to 4WD-LOCK, or
vice-versa while moving may cause the
vehicle to unexpectedly handle differently. This could distract the operator
and increase the risk of losing control
and an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always stop the vehicle before changing from 2WD to 4WD or from 4WD to
4WD-LOCK, or vice-versa.
1. Lever
2. On-Command four-wheel drive switch “2WD”/“4WD”
To change from 2WD to 4WD, stop the vehicle, and then set the switch to “4WD”. When
the vehicle is in 4WD, the four-wheel-drive indicator light “ ” or, for special edition models,
the four-wheel-drive indicator “ ” on the
multi-function meter unit display will come on.
To change from 4WD to 2WD, stop the vehicle, be sure the lever is set to position a, and
then set the switch to “2WD”.
4-13
U5UG12.book Page 14 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Differential gear lock switch “LOCK”/
“4WD”
multi-function meter unit display will come on.
To release the differential gear lock, stop the
vehicle and set the switch to “4WD”.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Riding too fast while the vehicle is in
4WD-LOCK.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
All wheels turn at the same speed when
the differential is locked, so it takes
more effort to turn the vehicle. The
amount of effort required is greater the
faster you go. You may lose control and
have an accident if you cannot make a
sharp enough turn for the speed you are
traveling.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always ride at a slow speed when the
vehicle is in 4WD-LOCK, and allow extra
time and distance for maneuvers.
1. Differential gear lock switch “LOCK”/“4WD”
2. Lever
To lock the differential gear in 4WD, stop the
vehicle, make sure the On-Command fourwheel-drive switch is set to “4WD”, move the
lever to position b, and then set the switch to
“LOCK”. When the differential gear is locked,
the differential gear lock indicator light “ ”
or, for special edition models, the differential
gear lock indicator light “DIFF.LOCK” and the
differential gear lock indicator “ ” on the
DIFF.
LOCK
DIFF.
LOCK
4-14
U5UG12.book Page 15 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00260
Accelerator pedal
Press the accelerator pedal down to increase
engine speed. Spring pressure returns the
pedal to the rest position when released. Always check that the accelerator pedal returns
normally before starting the engine.
NOTE:
● If the differential gear lock is not engaging properly, turn the steering wheel back
and forth to help it engage.
● Riding before the differential gear lock is
properly engaged will cause the engine
speed to be limited until engagement is
complete.
For special edition models:
● When the switch is set to “LOCK”, the differential gear lock indicator light will flash
until the differential gear is locked.
● When the indicator light is flashing, turning the steering wheel back and forth will
help the differential gear lock to engage.
● Riding before the differential gear lock is
properly engaged (e.g., when the indicator light is flashing) will cause the engine
speed to be limited until engagement is
complete.
_
1. Accelerator pedal
_
4-15
U5UG12.book Page 16 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00270
Brake pedal
Press the brake pedal to slow or stop the vehicle.
Before starting the engine, check the accelerator pedal to be sure it is operating smoothly.
Make sure the accelerator pedal fully returns
to the idle position as soon as it is released.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Malfunction of the accelerator pedal.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The accelerator pedal could be hard to
operate, making it difficult to speed up
or slow down when you need to. This
could cause an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Check the operation of the accelerator
pedal before you start the engine. If it
does not work smoothly, check for the
cause. Correct the problem before operating the vehicle. Consult a Yamaha
dealer if you can’t find or solve the problem yourself.
1. Brake pedal
4-16
U5UG12.book Page 17 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00280
Parking brake lever
The parking brake lever is located at the right
side of the driver’s seat. It will help hold the
vehicle from moving while parked.
To set the parking brake, pull the lever up
completely.
To release the parking brake, pull up on the
lever, press the release button, and then push
the lever all the way down. Spring pressure
helps return the lever to the released position.
Be sure to fully release the parking brake before starting out. Failure to do so may result in
poor performance and premature wearing of
the rear brake and V-belt.
1. Parking brake lever
4-17
2. Release button
U5UG12.book Page 18 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00290
EVU00300
Drive select lever
The drive select lever is used to shift your vehicle into the low, high, neutral and reverse
positions. (Refer to pages 6-5–6-7 for the
drive select lever operation.)
Fuel tank cap
Remove the fuel tank cap by turning it counterclockwise.
1. Fuel tank cap
1. Drive select lever
4-18
U5UG12.book Page 19 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00310
EVU00320
Fuel level check window
The amount of fuel in the fuel tank can be
checked through the fuel level check window.
If the fuel level is low, refuel as soon as possible.
Starter (choke) “ ”
Starting a cold engine requires a richer air-fuel
mixture. A separate starter circuit supplies this
mixture.
Move in direction a to turn on the starter
(choke).
Move in direction b to turn off the starter
(choke).
Refer to “Starting a cold engine” for proper operation. (See pages 6-1–6-3.)
1. Fuel level check window
A. Starter (choke) “
2. Half open
4-19
”
1. Fully open
3. Closed
U5UG12.book Page 20 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00330
Seats
To remove a seat, pull its seat lock lever upward, lift the front of the seat, and then slide
the seat forward and up.
To install a seat, insert the projections on the
rear of the seat into the seat holders and push
down on the seat at the front.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
A loose seat.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The operator could lose control or the
operator or passenger could fall if the
seat is loose during operation.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Make sure the seat is securely latched.
1. Driver seat
3. Seat lock lever (× 2)
2. Passenger seat
4-20
U5UG12.book Page 21 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00340
Seat belts
This vehicle is equipped with three-point seat
belts for both the operator and passenger. Always wear the seat belt while riding in the vehicle.
1. Seat belt (× 2)
3. Buckle (× 2)
To wear the seat belt properly, do the following:
1. Hold the latch plate as you pull the belt
across your lap and chest. Make sure the
belt is not twisted and is not caught on
any portion of the vehicle, your clothing,
or any equipment you are carrying.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it
clicks. Pull up on the latch plate to make
sure it is secure.
2. Latch plate (× 2)
1. Buckle
4-21
2. Latch plate
U5UG12.book Page 22 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
3. Put the lap portion of the belt low on your
hips. Push down on the buckle end of the
belt as you pull up on the shoulder part so
the belt is snug across your hips.
4. Position the shoulder belt over your
shoulder and across your chest. The
shoulder belt should fit against your
chest. If it is loose, pull the belt out all the
way and then let it retract.
5. To release the buckle, firmly press the release button.
1. Buckle
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Not wearing the seat belt.
Wearing the seat belt improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
There is increased risk of being killed or
seriously injured in an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always wear your seat belt when riding
in the vehicle.
Be sure the seat belt is close-fitting
across your hips and chest and is
latched securely.
2. Release button
4-22
U5UG12.book Page 23 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01191
EVU00351
Glove compartment
Cargo bed
CAUTION:
_
To protect from damage, do not put metal
products, like tools or sharply edged products directly in the glove compartment. If
they must be stored, wrap them in appropriate cushion material.
_
1. Cargo bed
3. Cargo hook (× 4)
a. Unlock.
b. Open.
4-23
2. Tailgate
U5UG12.book Page 24 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Opening and closing the tailgate
Lifting and lowering the cargo bed
1. Tailgate
1. Cargo bed release lever
2. Latch (× 2)
To open
Unhook the latches, and then lower the tailgate.
To close
Place the tailgate in the original position, and
then hook the latches.
To lift
Push down the cargo bed release lever on the
left or right side of the vehicle, and then slowly
lift up the cargo bed until it stops.
To lower
Lower the cargo bed slowly to its original position and be sure the it is locked into place.
Maximum load limit: 181 kg (400 lb)
4-24
U5UG12.book Page 25 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
WARNING
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Pinch points.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You or someone else could be pinched
between the cargo bed and the frame
when the bed is being lowered.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Before closing the bed, be sure others
are standing away from the vehicle.
Keep hands and fingers away from the
pinch points between the bed and the
frame.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Overloading the cargo bed
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause changes in vehicle handling which could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never exceed the stated maximum load
limit for this cargo bed.
Cargo should be properly distributed
and securely attached.
Reduce speed when carrying cargo. Allow greater distance for braking.
4-25
U5UG12.book Page 26 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00360
Front and rear shock absorber adjustment
The spring preload can be adjusted to suit the
operating conditions.
You can reduce preload for a softer ride, or increase preload if frequent bottoming occurs.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Carrying a passenger in the cargo bed
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The passenger could fall, be thrown out,
or be struck by objects in the cargo bed.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never carry a passenger in the cargo
bed. This cargo bed is designed to carry
cargo only.
CAUTION:
Frequent or severe bottoming can cause
increased wear or damage to the vehicle.
Adjust the spring preload as follows.
To increase the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring in direction a.
To decrease the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring in direction b.
4-26
U5UG12.book Page 27 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
1. Special wrench
1. Spring preload adjusting ring
2. Position indicator
NOTE:
A special wrench can be obtained at a
Yamaha dealer to make this adjustment.
_
_
Standard position: B
A- Minimum (soft)
E- Maximum (hard)
4-27
U5UG12.book Page 28 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00370
Trailer hitch bracket
This vehicle is equipped with a 5 cm (2 in) receiver bracket for a standard trailer hitch.
Trailer towing equipment can be obtained at a
Yamaha dealer. (See pages 6-11–6-13 for
precaution information.)
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper shock absorber adjustment.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Uneven adjustment can cause poor
handling and loss of stability, which
could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always adjust the shock absorbers on
the left and right side to the same setting.
1. Trailer hitch bracket
4-28
U5UG12.book Page 29 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00380
Auxiliary DC jack
The auxiliary DC jack is located at the right
side of the front panel.
The auxiliary DC jack can be used for suitable
work lights, radios, etc.
The auxiliary DC jack should only be used
when the engine is running.
1. Auxiliary DC jack
Maximum rated capacity for the auxiliary
DC jack:
DC 12 V, 120 W (10 A)
1. Auxiliary DC jack cap
1. Set the light switch to “OFF”.
2. Start the engine. (See pages 6-1–6-3.)
3. Open the auxiliary DC jack cap, and then
insert the accessory power plug into the
jack.
4-29
U5UG12.book Page 30 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
4. When the auxiliary DC jack is not being
used, cover it with the cap.
CAUTION:
_
●
●
●
Do not use accessories requiring
more than the above maximum capacity. This may overload the circuit and
cause the fuse to blow.
If accessories are used without the
engine running or with the headlights
turned on, the battery will lose its
charge and engine starting may become difficult.
Do not use an automotive cigarette
lighter or other accessories with a
plug that gets hot because the jack
can be damaged.
_
4-30
U5UG12.book Page 1 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01200
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
1-
Before using this vehicle, check the following points:
ITEM
ROUTINE
PAGE
Brakes
• Check operation, free play, fluid level and fluid leakage.
• Fill with DOT 4 brake fluid if necessary.
Parking brake
• Check for proper operation, condition and free play.
Fuel
• Check fuel level.
• Fill with fuel if necessary.
Engine oil
• Check oil level.
• Fill with oil if necessary.
5-5, 8-9–8-12
Coolant reservoir
• Check coolant level.
• Fill with coolant if necessary.
5-6, 8-17–8-18
Final gear oil/
Differential gear oil
• Check for leakage.
5-7, 8-13–8-16
Accelerator pedal
• Check for proper accelerator pedal operation.
5-7
Seat belts
• Check for proper operation and belt wear.
5-7
Steering
• Check for proper operation.
5-8
Fittings and fasteners
• Check all fittings and fasteners.
5-8
Lights and switches
• Check for proper operation.
Wheels and tires
• Check tire pressure, wear and damage.
Axle boots
• Check for damage.
5-2–5-3, 8-32–8-35
8-36–8-37
5-4–5-5
5-8, 8-46–8-51
5-8–5-11, 8-40–8-41
8-18–8-19
5-1
U5UG12.book Page 2 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00390
Front and rear brakes
Brake pedal
Check for correct brake pedal free play. If the
brake pedal free play is incorrect, have a
Yamaha dealer adjust it. (See page 8-35.)
Check the operation of the brake pedal. It
should move smoothly and there should be a
firm feeling when the brakes are applied. If
not, have the vehicle inspected by a Yamaha
dealer.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to inspect the vehicle before operating. Failure to properly maintain the
vehicle.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Increases the possibility of an accident
or equipment damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always inspect your vehicle each time
you use it to make sure the vehicle is in
safe operating condition. Always follow
the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the
Owner’s Manual.
Brake fluid level
Check the brake fluid level.
Add fluid if necessary. (See pages 8-33–
8-34.)
Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
5-2
U5UG12.book Page 3 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Brake fluid leakage
Check to see if any brake fluid is leaking out of
the pipe joints or the brake fluid reservoir. Apply the brakes firmly for one minute. If there is
any leakage, have the vehicle inspected by a
Yamaha dealer.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Driving with improperly operating
brakes.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could lose braking ability, which
could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always check the brakes at the start of
every ride. Do not operate the vehicle if
you find any problem with the brakes. If
a problem cannot be corrected by the
adjustment procedures provided in this
manual, have the vehicle inspected by a
Yamaha dealer.
Brake operation
Test the brakes at slow speed after starting
out to make sure they are working properly. If
the brakes do not provide proper braking performance, inspect the brake system. (See
pages 8-32–8-35.)
5-3
U5UG12.book Page 4 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00400
Fuel
Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in the
tank.
Your Yamaha engine has been designed to
use regular unleaded gasoline with a pump
octane number ([R+M]/2) of 86 or higher, or
research octane number of 91 or higher. If
knocking or pinging occurs, use a different
brand of gasoline or premium unleaded fuel.
Unleaded fuel will give you longer spark plug
life and reduced maintenance cost.
Recommended fuel:
UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY
Fuel tank capacity:
30.0 L (6.60 Imp gal, 7.93 US gal)
CAUTION:
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol; gasohol containing ethanol and that containing methanol.
Gasohol containing ethanol can be used if
ethanol content does not exceed 10%. Gasohol containing methanol is not recommended
by Yamaha because it may cause fuel system
damage or vehicle performance problems.
_
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use of
leaded gasoline will cause severe damage
to internal engine parts, such as the valves
and piston rings, as well as to the exhaust
system.
_
5-4
U5UG12.book Page 5 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00410
Engine oil
Make sure the engine oil is at the specified
level. Add oil as necessary. (See pages 8-9–
8-12.)
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper care when refueling.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Fuel can spill, which can cause a fire
and severe injury.
Fuel expands when it heats up. If the
fuel tank is overfilled, fuel could spill out
due to heat from the engine or the sun.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not overfill the fuel tank. Be careful
not to spill fuel, especially on the engine
or exhaust pipe. Wipe up any spilled fuel
immediately. Be sure the fuel tank cap is
closed securely.
CAUTION:
_
●
●
In order to prevent clutch slippage
(since the engine oil also lubricates
the clutch), do not mix any chemical
additives. Do not use oils with a diesel
specification of “CD” or oils of a higher quality than specified. In addition,
do not use oils labeled “ENERGY
CONSERVING II” or higher.
Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase.
_
Recommended engine oil type and
quantity:
See page 10-2.
5-5
U5UG12.book Page 6 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00420
Coolant
Check the coolant level in the coolant reservoir when the engine is cold. (The coolant level will vary with engine temperature.) The
coolant level is satisfactory if it is between the
minimum and maximum level marks on the
coolant reservoir. If the coolant level is at or
below the minimum level mark, add additional
coolant to bring the level up to maximum level
mark. If coolant is not available, add distilled
water. Change the coolant every two years.
(See pages 8-17–8-18 for details.)
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Removing the radiator cap when the engine and radiator are still hot.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be burned by hot fluid and
steam blown out under pressure.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Wait for the engine to cool before removing the radiator cap. Always use a
thick rag over the cap. Allow any remaining pressure to escape before
completely removing the cap.
CAUTION:
_
Hard water or salt water is harmful to the
engine. You may use soft water if you cannot get distilled water.
_
Coolant reservoir capacity
(up to the maximum level mark):
0.35 L (0.31 Imp qt, 0.37 US qt)
5-6
U5UG12.book Page 7 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00430
EVU00450
Final gear oil
Make sure the final gear oil is at the specified
level. Add oil as necessary. (See pages 8-13–
8-14 for details.)
Accelerator pedal
Check to see that the accelerator pedal operates correctly. It must operate smoothly and
fully spring back to the idle position when released. Have a Yamaha dealer repair as necessary for proper operation.
Recommended oil:
SAE 80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
EVU00460
If desired, an SAE 80W90 hypoid gear oil may
be used for all conditions.
Seat belts
Make sure that both seat belts are not frayed
or damaged.
The seat belt must move smoothly when
pulled out and retract on its own when released. The latch plate should click securely
into the buckle and release when the release
button is pushed firmly. Wash off any dirt or
mud which could affect operation. Have a
Yamaha dealer repair as necessary for proper
operation.
NOTE:
GL-4 is a quality and additive rating, GL-5 or
GL-6 rated hypoid gear oils may also be used.
_
_
EVU00440
Differential gear oil
Make sure the differential gear oil is at the
specified level. Add oil as necessary. (See
pages 8-15–8-16 for details.)
Recommended oil:
SAE 80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
5-7
U5UG12.book Page 8 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01230
EVU00500
Steering
Park on level ground. Turn the steering wheel
right and left. Check for excessive free play,
abnormal noises, or a rough feeling. Have a
Yamaha dealer repair as necessary for proper
operation.
Tires
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this vehicle with improper
tires, or with improper or uneven tire
pressure.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Use of improper tires on this vehicle, or
operation of this vehicle with improper
or uneven tire pressure, may cause loss
of control, increasing your risk of accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
1. The tires listed below have been approved by Yamaha Motor Manufacturing corporation of America for
this model. Other tire combinations
are not recommended.
EVU00470
Fittings and fasteners
Always check the tightness of chassis fittings
and fasteners before a ride. Take the vehicle
to a Yamaha dealer or refer to the Service
Manual for correct tightening torque.
EVU00480
Lights
Check the headlights and tail/brake lights to
make sure they are in working condition. Repair as necessary for proper operation.
EVU00490
Switches
Check the operation of all switches. Have a
Yamaha dealer repair as necessary for proper
operation.
ACE-01E
Manufacturer
5-8
Size
Type
Front
MAXXIS
25 × 8-12NHS
M951Y
Rear
MAXXIS
25 × 10-12NHS
M952Y
U5UG12.book Page 9 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
2. The tires should be set to the recommended pressure:
● Recommended tire pressure
Front 70 kPa (0.70 kgf/cm2, 10 psi)
Rear 98 kPa (0.98 kgf/cm2, 14 psi)
Check and adjust tire pressures when
the tires are cold.
Tire pressures must be equal on both
sides.
3. Tire pressure below the minimum
specified could cause the tire to
dislodge from the rim under severe
riding conditions. The following are
minimums:
Front 63 kPa (0.63 kgf/cm2, 9 psi)
Rear 91 kPa (0.91 kgf/cm2, 13 psi)
4. Use no more than the following
pressures when seating the tire
beads.
Front 250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm2, 36 psi)
Rear 250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm2, 36 psi)
Higher pressures may cause the
tire to burst. Inflate the tires very
slowly and carefully. Fast inflation
could cause the tire to burst.
5-9
U5UG12.book Page 10 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00510
How to measure tire pressure
Use the tire pressure gauge.
NOTE:
The tire pressure gauge is included as standard equipment. Make two measurements of
the tire pressure and use the second reading.
Dust or dirt in the gauge could cause the first
reading to be incorrect.
_
_
Set pressure with tires cold.
Set tire pressures to the following specifications:
1. Tire pressure gauge
ACE-02E
Recommended
pressure
Minimum
Maximum
Front
70 kPa
(0.70 kgf/cm2,
10 psi)
63 kPa
(0.63 kgf/cm2,
9 psi)
77 kPa
(0.77 kgf/cm2,
11 psi)
Rear
98 kPa
(0.98 kgf/cm2,
14 psi)
91 kPa
(0.91 kgf/cm2,
13 psi)
105 kPa
(1.05 kgf/cm2,
15 psi)
5-10
U5UG12.book Page 11 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00520
Tire wear limit
When the tire groove decreases to 3 mm
(0.12 in) due to wear, replace the tire.
a. Tire wear limit
5-11
U5UG12.book Page 1 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00530
EVU00540
OPERATION
Starting a cold engine
1-
WARNING
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating vehicle without being familiar
with all controls.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Loss of control, which could cause an
accident or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Read the Owner’s Manual carefully. If
there is a control or function you do not
understand, ask your Yamaha dealer.
1
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Freezing control cables in cold weather.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be unable to control the vehicle, which could lead to an accident or
collision.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
When riding in cold weather, always
make sure all control cables work
smoothly before you begin riding.
2
1. Apply the brake.
2. Shift the drive select lever into the neutral
position.
10
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
11
12
13
14
6-1
U5UG12.book Page 2 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Position 3 : Cold engine startambient temperature above
25 °C (80 °F) and warm engine
start position.
NOTE:
● When the drive select lever is in the neutral position, the neutral indicator light
should come on. If the neutral indicator
light does not come on, ask a Yamaha
dealer to inspect the electric circuit.
● The engine can be started in any gear if
the brake is applied. However, it is recommended to shift into neutral before
starting the engine.
_
_
3. Use the starter (choke) in reference to
the figure:
Position 1 : Cold engine startambient temperature below 5 °C
(40 °F).
Position 2 : Cold engine startambient temperature at 0 °C
(30 °F)–30 °C (90 °F) and warming up position.
a. Starter (choke)
2. Half open
1. Fully open
3. Closed
4. With your foot off the accelerator pedal,
start the engine by turning the key to
“START”.
6-2
U5UG12.book Page 3 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00550
Starting a warm engine
To start a warm engine, refer to the “Starting a
cold engine” section. The starter (choke)
should not be used. Press the accelerator
pedal slightly.
NOTE:
If the engine fails to start, release the key, and
then try starting again. Wait a few seconds
before the next attempt. Each cranking should
be as short as possible to preserve battery
energy. Do not crank the engine more than
5 seconds on each attempt.
_
EVU00560
Jump-starting
Jump-starting the vehicle should be avoided.
The battery should be removed and charged
instead. (See pages 8-42–8-43 for battery removal and installation procedures.) However,
if the vehicle must be jump-started, proceed
as follows.
1. Turn the key to “OFF”.
2. Open the hood. (See pages 8-6–8-7 for
hood opening and closing procedures.)
3. Remove the battery compartment cover.
_
5. If the engine is started with the starter
(choke) in position 1, the starter (choke)
should be returned to position 2 to warm
up the engine. If the engine is started with
the starter (choke) in position 2, keep
the starter (choke) in this position to
warm up the engine.
6. Continue warming up the engine until it
idles smoothly and return the starter
(choke) to position 3 before riding.
CAUTION:
_
See the “Engine break-in” section prior to
operating the engine for the first time.
_
6-3
U5UG12.book Page 4 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
4. Using a charged 12 V battery, connect
the positive lead of the jumper cable to
the positive terminal of the battery in the
vehicle and the other end of the positive
lead to the positive terminal of the
charged battery.
WARNING
Do not connect the negative lead of the
jumper cable to the negative terminal of
the battery in the vehicle.
● Be especially careful not to:
• touch the positive lead of the jumper cable to the negative lead.
• reverse the polarity of the jumper
cables when connecting to the batteries - battery explosion and/or serious damage to the electrical
system may occur.
_
1. Jumper cable positive lead
2. Jumper cable negative lead
5. Connect the negative lead of the jumper
cable to the negative terminal of the
charged battery and the other end of the
negative lead to an unpainted metal surface of the vehicle.
6-4
6. Start the engine. (Refer to “Starting a
cold engine” on pages 6-1–6-3.)
7. After the engine starts, disconnect the
negative lead of the jumper cable from
the vehicle and charged battery, and
then disconnect the positive lead of the
jumper cable from the charged battery
and the battery in the vehicle.
8. Install the battery compartment cover.
9. Close the hood.
U5UG12.book Page 5 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00570
Warming up
To get maximum engine life, always warm up
the engine before starting off. Never accelerate hard with a cold engine! To see whether or
not the engine is warm, check if it responds to
the throttle normally with the starter (choke)
turned off.
2. Apply the brakes, then shift by moving
the drive select lever along the shift
guide.
NOTE:
Make sure that the drive select lever is completely shifted into position.
_
_
EVU00580
Drive select lever operation and reverse
driving
CAUTION:
_
Before shifting, you must stop the vehicle
and take your foot off the accelerator pedal. Otherwise, the transmission may be
damaged.
1. Drive select lever
_
Shifting: Neutral to High and High to Low
1. Stop the vehicle. Keep your foot off the
accelerator pedal.
3. Release the brakes and press the accelerator pedal gradually.
6-5
U5UG12.book Page 6 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Shifting: Neutral to Reverse
1. Stop the vehicle. Keep your foot off the
accelerator pedal.
2. Apply the brake pedal.
3. Shift from neutral to reverse or vice versa
by moving the drive select lever along the
shift guide.
1. Drive select lever
NOTE:
● When in reverse, the reverse indicator
light should be on. If the light does not
come on, ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect
the reverse indicator light electrical circuit.
● Due to the synchronizing mechanism in
the engine, the light may not come on until the vehicle starts moving.
_
_
4. Check behind for people or obstacles,
then release the brake pedal.
6-6
U5UG12.book Page 7 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00590
Engine break-in
There is never a more important period in the
life of your vehicle than the period between
zero and 20 hours.
For this reason, we ask that you carefully read
the following material. Because the engine is
brand new, you must not put an excessive
load on it for the first several hours of running.
During the first 20 hours, the various parts in
the engine wear and polish themselves to the
correct operating clearances.
During this period, prolonged full throttle operation or any condition which might result in excessive engine heating must be avoided.
However, momentary (2–3 seconds maximum) full throttle operation under load does
not harm the engine.
5. Press the accelerator pedal gradually
and continue to watch to the rear while
backing.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly operating in reverse.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could hit an obstacle or person behind you, resulting in serious injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
When you shift into reverse, make sure
there are no obstacles or people behind
you. When it is safe to proceed, go slowly.
6-7
U5UG12.book Page 8 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
10–20 hours:
Avoid prolonged operation above 3/4 throttle.
Rev the vehicle freely but do not use full throttle at any time.
Each full throttle acceleration sequence
should be followed with a substantial rest period for the engine by cruising at lower r/min
so the engine can rid itself of the temporary
build up of heat. If any abnormality is noticed
during this period, consult a Yamaha dealer.
After break-in:
The vehicle can now be operated normally.
0–10 hours:
Avoid continuous operation above half throttle. Allow a cooling off period of five to ten minutes after every hour of operation. Vary the
speed of the vehicle from time to time. Do not
operate it at one set throttle position.
6-8
U5UG12.book Page 9 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01210
EVU00600
Parking
When parking, stop the engine and shift the
drive select lever into the neutral position. Apply the parking brake to help prevent the vehicle from rolling.
Parking on a slope
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Parking on a hill or other incline.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The vehicle could roll out of control, increasing the chance of an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Avoid parking on hills or other inclines.
If you must park on an incline, apply the
parking brake, and block the front and
rear wheels with rocks or other objects.
Do not park the vehicle at all on hills that
are so steep you could not walk up them
easily.
6-9
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EVU00610
Accessories and loading
EVU00620
Accessories
Accessories can affect the handling and control of your vehicle. Keep the following in mind
when considering an accessory or operating a
vehicle which has accessories.
● Choose only accessories designed for your
vehicle. Your Yamaha dealer has a variety
of genuine Yamaha accessories. Other accessories may also be available on the
market. However, it is not possible for
Yamaha to test all non-Yamaha accessories, nor have any control over the quality or
suitability of them. Choose a genuine
Yamaha accessory, or one that is equivalent in design and quality.
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop by applying the
brakes.
2. Stop the engine.
3. With the brakes applied, set the parking
brake.
NOTE:
Like many other vehicles, the parking brake
acts on the rear wheels. For the parking brake
to have the effect of braking all four wheels,
shift to 4WD before stopping the engine.
6-10
U5UG12.book Page 11 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00630
●
●
●
Loading
Cargo or a trailer can change the stability and
handling of a vehicle.
You must use common sense and good judgment when carrying cargo or towing a trailer.
Keep the following points in mind:
● Never exceed the weight limits shown. An
overloaded vehicle can be unstable.
Accessories should be rigidly and securely
mounted. An accessory which can shift position or come off while you are operating
could affect your ability to control the vehicle.
Do not mount an accessory where it could
interfere with your ability to control the vehicle. Examples include (but are not limited
to) an object that limits your ability to turn
the steering wheel or one that limits your
view.
Use extra caution when driving a vehicle
with accessories. The vehicle may handle
differently than it does without accessories.
MAXIMUM LOADING LIMIT
● Vehicle loading limit (total weight of
cargo, operator, passenger and
accessories, and tongue weight):
401 kg (884 lb)
● Cargo bed: 181 kg (400 lb)
● Trailer hitch:
Pulling load (total weight of trailer
and cargo): 550 kgf (1,212 lbf)
Tongue weight (vertical weight on
trailer hitch point): 50 kgf (110 lbf)
6-11
U5UG12.book Page 12 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
●
●
●
●
Choose a trailer hitch drawbar designed for
use with a 5 cm (2 in) receiver. (See page
4-28 for more information.)
Do not exceed the maximum tongue
weight. You can measure tongue weight
with a bathroom scale. Put the tongue of
the loaded trailer on the scale with the
tongue at hitch height. Adjust the load in the
trailer, if necessary, to reduce the weight on
hitch. If you are carrying cargo and towing a
trailer, include the tongue weight in the
maximum vehicle load limit.
Load cargo in the cargo bed as close to the
center of the vehicle as possible and tie it
down using the cargo hooks equipped on
the cargo bed.
Tie down cargo securely in the trailer. Make
sure cargo in the trailer cannot move
around. A shifting load can cause an accident.
●
●
●
●
●
6-12
Make sure the load does not interfere with
controls or your ability to see where you are
going.
Drive more slowly than you would without a
load. The more weight you carry, the slower you should go. Although conditions vary,
it is good practice not to exceed low range
whenever you are carrying heavier loads or
when towing a trailer.
Allow more braking distance. A heavier vehicle takes longer to stop.
Avoid making sharp turns unless at very
slow speeds.
Avoid hills and rough terrain. Choose terrain carefully. Added weight affects the stability and handling of the vehicle.
U5UG12.book Page 13 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Overloading this vehicle or carrying or
towing cargo improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause changes in vehicle handling which could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never exceed the stated load capacity
for this vehicle.
Cargo should be properly distributed
and securely attached.
Reduce speed when carrying cargo or
pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance
for braking.
6-13
U5UG12.book Page 1 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00640
DRIVING YOUR VEHICLE
WARNING
1-
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Not wearing the seat belt.
Wearing the seat belt improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
There is increased risk of being killed or
seriously injured in an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always wear your seat belt when riding
in the vehicle.
Be sure the seat belt is close-fitting
across your hips and chest and is
latched securely.
GETTING TO KNOW YOUR VEHICLE
This off-highway utility vehicle will handle and
maneuver differently from an ordinary passenger car or other vehicle.
Before you begin to use your vehicle, be sure
you have read this Owner’s Manual completely and understand the operation of the controls. Pay particular attention to the safety
information on pages 2-1–2-5. Please also
read all caution and warning labels on your
vehicle.
This vehicle is designed for the operator and
one passenger. The driver and passenger
must always wear a seat belt. Never carry
passengers in the cargo bed.
7-1
U5UG12.book Page 2 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
The total weight of operator, passenger, accessories, cargo, trailer tongue weight, and
the vehicle itself must not exceed 907 kg
(2,000 lb). (See “Loading” on page 6-11.) Carrying a passenger and cargo can affect vehicle handling.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Carrying a passenger in the cargo bed.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The passenger could fall or be struck by
objects in the cargo bed.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never carry a passenger in the cargo
bed. The cargo bed is designed to carry
cargo only.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
7-2
U5UG12.book Page 3 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
The driver and passenger must always wear a
seat belt and an approved motorcycle helmet.
Also wear eye protection and protective clothing, including over-the-ankle boots, gloves, a
long-sleeved shirt or jacket, and long pants.
Keep hands and feet inside the vehicle at all
times.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Overloading this vehicle or carrying or
towing cargo improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause changes in vehicle handling which could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never exceed the stated load capacity
for this vehicle.
Cargo should be properly distributed
and securely attached.
Reduce speed when carrying cargo or
pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance
for braking.
Always follow the instructions in your
Owner’s Manual for carrying cargo or
pulling a trailer.
7-3
U5UG12.book Page 4 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
WARNING
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always wear an approved motorcycle
helmet that fits properly. You should
also wear:
eye protection
(goggles or face shield)
gloves
boots
long-sleeved shirt or jacket
long pants
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this vehicle without wearing
an approved motorcycle helmet, eye
protection, and protective clothing.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Operating without
an approved motorcycle helmet increases
your
chances of a severe
head injury or death
in the event of an accident.
Operating without eye protection can result in an accident and increases your
chances of a severe injury in the event
of an accident.
7-4
U5UG12.book Page 5 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
LEARNING TO OPERATE YOUR VEHICLE
You should become familiar with the performance characteristics of the vehicle in a large,
flat area that is free of obstacles and other vehicles. Practice control of the accelerator pedal, brakes, steering, and drive select lever.
Drive first at slow speed and become comfortable at that speed before gradually increasing
your speed. Become familiar with the way the
vehicle feels in low and high ranges, first in
two-wheel drive (2WD) and then in four-wheel
drive (4WD) and four-wheel drive with the differential locked (DIFF. LOCK). Also practice
driving in reverse. Take the time to learn basic
operation before attempting more difficult maneuvers.
Perform the Pre-Operation Checks on pages
5-1–5-11. Set the parking brake, shift to neutral, and follow the instructions on page 6-1 to
start the engine. Once it has warmed up and
you have turned the choke off, you are ready
to begin driving your vehicle. With the engine
idling, shift the drive select lever into low or
high. Then release the parking brake. Press
the accelerator pedal slowly and smoothly.
The centrifugal clutch will engage and you will
start to accelerate. Avoid higher speeds until
you are thoroughly familiar with the operation
of your vehicle.
When slowing down or stopping, take your
foot off the accelerator pedal and smoothly
press the brake pedal. Improper use of the
brakes can cause the tires to lose traction, reducing control and increasing the possibility of
an accident.
7-5
U5UG12.book Page 6 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Position your hands on the steering wheel so
that your thumbs and fingers do not wrap
around the wheel. This is particularly important when driving in rough terrain. The front
wheels will move right and left as they respond to the terrain, and this movement will
be felt in the steering wheel. A sudden jolt
could wrench the steering wheel around, and
your thumbs or fingers could be injured if they
are in the way of the steering wheel spokes.
CAUTION:
_
Do not shift from low to high or vice versa
without coming to a complete stop and
waiting for the engine to return to normal
idle speed. Damage to the engine or drive
train may occur.
_
TURNING YOUR VEHICLE
The vehicle is easier to steer in two-wheel
drive (2WD) than four-wheel drive (4WD).
Steering takes the most effort in 4WD with the
differential locked (DIFF. LOCK).
It is possible for the vehicle to roll over or go
out of control if you attempt sharp, high-speed
turns. You should also be careful making
sharp turns on rough terrain. Do not attempt
to turn around or make abrupt maneuvers on
slopes.
7-6
U5UG12.book Page 7 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
BRAKING
Braking ability is affected by the type of terrain. In most cases, gradually application of
the brakes is more effective than abrupt braking, particularly on loose surfaces like gravel.
Always allow for greater braking distance on
rough, loose, or slippery surfaces.
GOING UPHILL
Do not attempt to climb hills until you have
mastered basic maneuvers on flat ground.
Use proper driving techniques to avoid overturns on hills and slopes. Drive straight up
hills, and avoid crossing the side of a hill,
which increases your chance of rollover.
Practice first on gentle slopes before attempting steeper hills. Always check the terrain
carefully before attempting any hill. Use common sense and remember that some hills are
too steep for you to climb.
Choose carefully which hills you attempt to
climb. Avoid hills with slippery surfaces or
ones where you will not be able to see far
enough ahead of you.
Maximum slope angle: 15°
7-7
U5UG12.book Page 8 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Before climbing the hill, first be sure you are
operating in low range 4WD or, if necessary,
with 4WD Diff. Lock. To climb a hill, you need
traction, momentum, and steady throttle.
Travel fast enough to keep your momentum
going, but not so fast that you cannot react to
changes in the terrain as you climb. Slow
down when you reach the crest of the hill if
you cannot clearly see what is on the other
side – there could be another person, an obstacle, or a sharp drop off.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating on excessively steep hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The vehicle can overturn more easily on
extremely steep hills than on level surfaces or small hills.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate your vehicle on hills too
steep for it or your abilities. Never operate vehicles on hills steeper than 15°.
Do not drive across the face of a hill. Go
straight up the hill.
Practice on smaller hills before attempting large hills.
7-8
U5UG12.book Page 9 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
GOING DOWNHILL
Check the terrain carefully before going down
a hill. When possible, choose a path that lets
you drive your vehicle straight downhill. Avoid
sharp angles that could allow the vehicle to
pitch or roll over. Carefully choose your path
and drive no faster than you will be able to react to obstacles that may appear.
If you start to lose traction or momentum
when climbing, and you decide you will be unable to continue, use the brakes to come to a
stop. Do not attempt to turn the vehicle
around. With your foot on the brake, look behind you and plan your descent. Shift the
drive select lever in reverse so you can use
the engine brake if necessary to slow your descent. Release the brake and begin to coast
down the hill. Use engine braking as much as
possible, gently applying the brakes when
necessary.
7-9
U5UG12.book Page 10 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Before starting down hill, make sure the vehicle is in low-range 4WD. On most slopes, this
will let you use engine braking to help you go
downhill slowly. Go as slowly as possible. If
you are starting to go too fast, apply the
brakes gently. Avoid sudden application of the
brakes, which could cause the vehicle to start
sliding.
If you are sliding or skidding, try to steer in the
direction the vehicle is sliding to help you regain control.
If you must turn on the hill to avoid an obstacle, do so slowly and carefully. If the vehicle
starts to tip, gradually steer in the downhill direction if there are no obstacles in your path.
As you regain proper balance, gradually steer
again in the direction you want to go.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Going down a hill improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or cause the
vehicle to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always check the terrain carefully before you start down any hill. Never go
down a hill at high speed. Avoid going
down a hill at an angle that would cause
the vehicle to lean sharply to one side.
Go straight down the hill where possible.
7-10
U5UG12.book Page 11 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
CROSSING THROUGH SHALLOW WATER
If you must cross shallow, slow moving water
up to the depth of the vehicle’s floorboards,
choose your path carefully to avoid sharp
drop-offs, large rocks, or slippery surfaces
that could cause the vehicle to overturn. Never operate through water deeper than 33 cm
(13 in) or fast flowing water.
Wet brakes may have reduced effectiveness.
After leaving the water, test your brakes. If
necessary, apply the brakes several times to
let friction dry out the linings.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this vehicle through deep or
fast-flowing water.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Loss of control, which could result in an
accident including overturn, which
could increase the risk of drowning.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate this vehicle in fast flowing water or in water deeper than 33 cm
(13 in).
Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test your brakes
after leaving water. If necessary, apply
them several times to let friction dry out
the linings.
7-11
U5UG12.book Page 12 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
CAUTION:
_
After riding your vehicle in water, be sure
to drain the trapped water by removing the
check hose at the bottom of the air filter
case, the V-belt cooling duct check hose,
the drive select lever box check hose and
the V-belt case drain plug. Wash the vehicle in fresh water if it has been operated in
salt water or muddy conditions.
1. Air filter case check hose
_
1. V-belt cooling duct check hose
7-12
U5UG12.book Page 13 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
RIDING OVER ROUGH TERRAIN
Operating over rough terrain should be done
with caution. Look for obstacles that could
cause damage to the vehicle or could lead to
a rollover or accident. Avoid jumping the vehicle as injury, loss of control, and damage to
the vehicle could occur.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to use extra care when operating
this vehicle on unfamiliar terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You can come upon hidden rocks,
bumps, or holes, without enough time to
react. Could result in the vehicle overturning or going out of control.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar terrain. Always be
alert to changing terrain conditions
when operating the vehicle.
1. Drive select lever box check hose
1. V-belt case drain plug
7-13
U5UG12.book Page 14 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
RIDING IN BRUSH OR WOODED AREAS
When operating in areas with brush or trees,
watch carefully on both sides and above the
vehicle for obstacles such as branches that
the vehicle might hit, causing an accident, or
for brush that might enter the vehicle as you
pass and strike the driver or passenger. Never hold onto the enclosure so your hand is
outside the vehicle. Hold only onto the handgrip inside the enclosure.
7-14
U5UG12.book Page 15 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
ENCOUNTERING OBSTACLES ON THE
TRAIL
If you cannot go around an obstacle such as a
fallen tree trunk or a ditch, stop the vehicle
where it is safe to do so. Set the parking brake
and get out to inspect the area thoroughly.
Look from both your approach side and the
exit side. If you believe you can continue safely, decide the path that will allow you to get
over the obstacle at as close to a right angle
as possible to minimize vehicle tipping. Go
only fast enough to maintain your momentum
but still give yourself plenty of time to react to
changes in conditions. If there is any question
about your ability to maneuver safely over the
obstacle, you should turn around, if the
ground is flat and you have the room, or back
up until you find a less difficult path.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly operating over obstacles
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or a collision. Could cause the vehicle to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Before operating in a new area, check
for obstacles.
Use extreme caution when operating
over large obstacles, such as large
rocks or fallen trees.
7-15
U5UG12.book Page 1 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00650
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
ADJUSTMENT
Have a Yamaha dealer perform service if
you are not familiar with vehicle service.
1-
1
2
Periodic inspection, adjustment and lubrication will keep your vehicle in the safest and
most efficient condition possible. Safety is an
obligation of the vehicle owner. The most important points of vehicle inspection, adjustment and lubrication are explained on the
following pages.
EVU00660
Owner’s manual and tool kit
You are recommended to put this owner’s
manual in the vinyl bag and always carry it on
the bottom of the driver seat as shown. Put
the owner’s tool kit and tire pressure gauge in
the space beside the battery.
WARNING
3
4
5
6
7
8
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Servicing an engine while it is running.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Moving parts can catch clothing or parts
of the body, causing injury.
Electrical components can cause
shocks or can start fires.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Turn off the engine when performing
maintenance unless otherwise specified.
9
10
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1. Owner’s manual
8-1
U5UG12.book Page 2 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
The service information included in this manual is intended to provide you, the owner, with
the necessary information for completing your
own preventive maintenance and minor repairs. The tools provided in the Owner’s tool
kit are sufficient for this purpose, except that a
torque wrench is also necessary to properly
tighten nuts and bolts.
NOTE:
If you do not have a torque wrench available
during a service operation requiring one, take
your vehicle to a Yamaha dealer to check the
torque settings and adjust them as necessary.
_
1. Owner’s tool kit
2. Tire pressure gauge
_
8-2
U5UG12.book Page 3 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this vehicle with improper
modifications.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper installation of accessories or
modification of this vehicle may cause
changes in handling which in some situations could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never modify this vehicle through improper installation or use of accessories. All parts and accessories added to
this vehicle should be genuine Yamaha
or equivalent components designed for
use on this vehicle and should be installed and used according to instructions. If you have questions, consult an
authorized Yamaha vehicle dealer.
8-3
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EVU00671
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE/LUBRICATION
NOTE:
● For vehicles not equipped with an odometer or hour meter, follow the month maintenance intervals.
● For vehicles equipped with an odometer or an hour meter, follow the km (mi) or hours maintenance intervals. However, keep in
mind that if the vehicle isn’t used for a long period of time, the month maintenance intervals should be followed.
● Items marked with an asterisk should be performed by a Yamaha dealer as they require special tools, data and technical skills.
ITEM
Valves*
Cooling system
Spark plug
Air filter elements
(engine and air intake duct)
Carburetor*
Crankcase breather system*
Exhaust system*
Spark arrester
Fuel line*
Engine oil
Engine oil filter cartridge
Final gear oil
Differential gear oil
Whichever
comes first
ROUTINE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check valve clearance.
Adjust if necessary.
Check coolant leakage.
Repair if necessary.
Replace coolant every 24 months.
Check condition.
Adjust gap and clean.
Replace if necessary.
Clean.
Replace if necessary.
Check idle speed/starter operation.
Adjust if necessary.
Check breather hose for cracks or damage.
Replace if necessary.
Check for leakage.
Tighten if necessary.
Replace gasket(s) if necessary.
Clean.
Check fuel hose for cracks or damage.
Replace if necessary.
Replace (warm engine before draining).
Replace.
Check oil level/oil leakage.
Replace.
month
km
(mi)
hours
1
320
(200)
20
INITIAL
3
1,200
(750)
75
6
2,400
(1,500)
150
EVERY
6
12
2,400
4,800
(1,500)
(3,000)
150
300
Every 20–40 hours
(More often in wet or dusty areas.)
8-4
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ITEM
Front brake*
Rear brake*
Accelerator pedal*
V-belt*
Wheels*
Wheel bearings*
Front and rear
suspension*
Steering system*
Rear upper and lower knuckle
pivots*
Drive shaft universal joint*
Engine mount*
Front and rear axle boots*
Stabilizer bushings*
Fittings and fasteners*
month
km
(mi)
hours
Check operation/brake pad wear/fluid leakage/see NOTE page 8-5.
Correct if necessary. Replace pads if worn to the limit.
Check operation/brake pad wear/fluid leakage/see NOTE page 8-5.
Correct if necessary. Replace pads if worn to the limit.
Check operation and free play.
Check operation.
Check for wear, cracks, or damage.
Check balance/damage/runout.
Repair if necessary.
Check bearing assemblies for looseness/damage.
Replace if damaged.
Check operation and for leakage.
Correct if necessary.
Check operation and for looseness/Replace if damaged.
Check toe-in/Adjust if necessary.
Whichever
comes first
ROUTINE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1
320
(200)
20
INITIAL
3
1,200
(750)
75
6
2,400
(1,500)
150
EVERY
6
12
2,400
4,800
(1,500)
(3,000)
150
300
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-based grease.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Lubricate with lithium-soap-based grease.
Check for cracks or damage.
Check bolt tightness.
Check operation.
Replace if damaged.
Check for cracks or damage.
Check all chassis fittings and fasteners.
Correct if necessary.
NOTE:
● Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
● Brake fluid replacement:
• When disassembling the master cylinder or caliper, replace the brake fluid. Normally check the brake fluid level and add fluid as required.
• On the inner parts of the master cylinder and caliper, replace the oil seals every two years.
• Replace the brake hoses every four years, or if cracked or damaged.
8-5
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EVU00680
Hood
To open
Unhook the hood latches, and then slowly tilt
the hood up until it stops.
1. Hood
1. Latch (× 2)
8-6
U5UG12.book Page 7 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
To close
Lower the hood slowly to its original position,
and then hook the hood latches.
Secure projections 1 on the underside of the
hood into slots 2 on the back of the instrument panel. Secure slots 3 on the side of the
hood around projections 4 on the frame.
1. Projection (× 2)
3. Slot (× 2)
CAUTION:
_
●
●
_
2. Slot (× 2)
4. Projection (× 2)
8-7
Make sure that all cables and wires
are in place when closing the hood.
Do not drive the vehicle with the hood
open, unlatched, or removed.
U5UG12.book Page 8 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00691
Console
To remove
1. Remove the seats. (See page 4-20 for
seat removal and installation procedures.)
2. Remove the parking brake lever boot.
3. Pull the console upward (the drive select
lever boot will come loose).
To install
1. Place the console in its original position.
2. Install the parking brake lever boot.
3. Install the seats.
CAUTION:
_
●
●
_
1. Console
8-8
When installing the console, be sure
not to pinch the cables or wires.
Make sure that the groove at the bottom of the parking brake lever boot
and the drive select lever boot fits securely around the edge of the hole in
the console.
U5UG12.book Page 9 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00700
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge
The engine oil level should be checked before
each operation. In addition, the oil must be
changed and the oil filter cartridge replaced at
the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
NOTE:
The engine oil should be between the minimum and maximum level marks.
_
_
To check the engine oil level
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Remove the console. (See page 8-8 for
console removal and installation procedures.)
3. Start the engine, warm it up for several
minutes, and then turn it off.
4. Wait a few minutes until the oil settles.
5. Remove the engine oil filler cap and wipe
off the dipstick with a clean rag.
6. Insert the dipstick in the oil filler hole
(without screwing it in), and then remove
it again to check the oil level.
1. Maximum level mark
3. Dipstick
2. Minimum level mark
4. Engine oil filler cap
7. If the engine oil is at or below the minimum level mark, add sufficient oil of the
recommended type to raise it to the correct level.
8. Insert the dipstick into the oil filler hole,
and then tighten the oil filler cap.
9. Install the console.
8-9
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To change the engine oil (with or without
oil filter cartridge replacement)
1. Remove the console. (See page 8-8 for
console removal and installation procedures.)
2. Start the engine, warm it up for several
minutes, and then turn it off.
3. Place an oil pan under the engine to collect the used oil, and then remove the engine oil filler cap.
4. Remove the engine oil drain bolt to drain
the oil from the crankcase.
NOTE:
Skip steps 5–7 if the oil filter cartridge is not
being replaced.
_
_
5. Remove the oil filter cartridge with an oil
filter wrench.
1. Oil filter cartridge
2. Oil filter wrench
NOTE:
An oil filter wrench is available at a nearby
Yamaha dealer.
_
_
1. Engine oil drain bolt
8-10
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6. Apply a light coat of engine oil to the
O-ring of the new oil filter cartridge.
NOTE:
Make sure the O-ring is seated properly.
_
_
1. Oil filter cartridge
2. Torque wrench
8. Install the engine oil drain bolt, and then
tighten it to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Engine oil drain bolt:
30 Nm (3.0 m·kgf, 22 ft·lbf)
1. O-ring
7. Install the new oil filter cartridge with an
oil filter wrench, and then tighten it to the
specified torque with a torque wrench.
9. Add the specified amount of recommended engine oil, and then install the engine
oil filler cap and tighten it.
Tightening torque:
Oil filter cartridge:
17 Nm (1.7 m·kgf, 12 ft·lbf)
8-11
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10. Start the engine and warm it up for several minutes. While warming up, check for
oil leakage. If oil leakage is found, turn
the engine off immediately and check for
the cause.
11. Turn the engine off, and then check the
oil level and correct it if necessary.
12. Install the console.
Recommended engine oil:
See page 10-2.
Oil quantity:
Without oil filter cartridge replacement:
1.90 L (1.67 Imp qt, 2.01 US qt)
With oil filter cartridge replacement:
2.00 L (1.76 Imp qt, 2.11 US qt)
CAUTION:
_
●
●
In order to prevent clutch slippage
(since the engine oil also lubricates
the clutch), do not mix any chemical
additives. Do not use oils with a diesel
specification of “CD” or oils of a higher quality than specified. In addition,
do not use oils labeled “ENERGY
CONSERVING II” or higher.
Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase.
_
8-12
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EVU00710
Final gear oil
Checking the final gear oil level
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Remove the oil filler bolt, and then check
the oil level in the final gear case.
3. If the oil is below the brim of the filler hole,
add sufficient oil of the recommended
type to raise it to the correct level.
CAUTION:
_
Be sure no foreign material enters the final
gear case.
_
4. Install the oil filler bolt, and then tighten it
to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Final gear oil filler bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf)
1. Final gear oil filler bolt
3. Correct oil level
2. Final gear oil
NOTE:
The oil level should be at the brim of the filler
hole.
_
_
8-13
U5UG12.book Page 14 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Changing the final gear oil
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Place a container under the final gear
case to collect the used oil.
3. Remove the oil filler bolt and the drain
bolt to drain the oil.
5. Add the recommended final gear oil up to
the brim of the filler hole.
Recommended oil:
SAE 80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
Oil quantity:
0.25 L (0.22 Imp qt, 0.26 US qt)
CAUTION:
_
Be sure no foreign material enters the final
gear case.
_
6. Install the oil filler bolt, and then tighten it
to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Final gear oil filler bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf)
1. Final gear oil drain bolt
4. Install the drain bolt, and then tighten it to
the specified torque.
7. Check for oil leakage. If oil leakage is
found, check for the cause.
Tightening torque:
Final gear oil drain bolt:
20 Nm (2.0 m·kgf, 14 ft·lbf)
8-14
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EVU00721
Differential gear oil
Checking the differential gear oil level
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Remove the differential gear oil filler bolt
and check the oil level. It should be up to
the brim of the filler hole. If the level is
low, add sufficient oil of the recommended type to raise it to the specified level.
CAUTION:
_
Be sure no foreign material enters the differential gear case.
_
3. Install the differential gear oil filler bolt,
and then tighten it to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Differential gear oil filler bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf)
Changing the differential gear oil
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Place a container under the differential
gear case to collect the used oil.
3. Remove the differential gear oil filler bolt
and differential gear oil drain bolt to drain
the oil.
1. Differential gear oil filler bolt
2. Correct oil level
3. Differential gear oil
8-15
U5UG12.book Page 16 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Recommended oil:
SAE 80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
Oil quantity:
0.32 L (0.28 Imp qt, 0.34 US qt)
CAUTION:
_
Be sure no foreign material enters the differential gear case.
_
6. Install the differential gear oil filler bolt,
and then tighten it to the specified torque.
1. Differential gear oil drain bolt
4. Install the differential gear oil drain bolt,
and tighten it to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Differential gear oil filler bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf)
Tightening torque:
Differential gear oil drain bolt:
9.8 Nm (0.98 m·kgf, 7.1 ft·lbf)
7. Check for oil leakage. If oil leakage is
found, check for the cause.
5. Fill the differential gear case with the recommended oil.
8-16
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EVU00730
Coolant
The coolant level should be checked before
each ride.
Checking the coolant level
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Open the hood. (See pages 8-6–8-7 for
hood opening and closing procedures.)
3. Check the coolant level in the coolant
reservoir when the engine is cold as the
coolant level varies with engine temperature.
1. Coolant reservoir cap
2. Maximum level mark
3. Minimum level mark
4. If the coolant is at or below the minimum
level mark, remove the reservoir cap,
add coolant to the maximum level mark,
install the reservoir cap, and then close
the hood.
NOTE:
The coolant should be between the minimum
and maximum level marks.
_
_
Coolant reservoir capacity
(up to the maximum level mark):
0.35 L (0.31 Imp qt, 0.37 US qt)
8-17
U5UG12.book Page 18 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00740
Axle boots
Check the protective boots for holes or tears.
If any damage is found, have them replaced
by a Yamaha dealer.
CAUTION:
_
Mix anti freeze with distilled water only.
However, if distilled water is not available,
soft water may be used for refilling.
_
Changing the coolant
The coolant must be changed by a Yamaha
dealer at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
NOTE:
● Adding water instead of coolant lowers
the antifreeze content of the coolant. If
water is used instead of coolant, have a
Yamaha dealer check the antifreeze content of the coolant as soon as possible.
● The radiator fan operation is completely
automatic. It is switched on or off according to the coolant temperature in the radiator.
_
1. Front axle boot (× 2 each side)
_
If your vehicle overheats, see page 8-54 for
details.
8-18
U5UG12.book Page 19 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
1. Rear axle boot (× 2 each side)
8-19
U5UG12.book Page 20 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00750
Spark plug inspection
Removal
1. Lift the cargo bed up. (See pages 4-23–
4-26 for cargo bed lifting and lowering
procedures.)
2. Remove the spark plug cap.
1. Spark plug wrench
1. Spark plug cap
3. Use the spark plug wrench in the tool kit
to remove the spark plug as shown.
8-20
U5UG12.book Page 21 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Installation
1. Measure the electrode gap with a wire
thickness gauge and, if necessary, adjust
the gap to specification.
Inspection
The spark plug is an important engine component and is easy to inspect. The condition of
the spark plug can indicate the condition of
the engine.
The ideal color of the porcelain insulator
around the center electrode is a medium-tolight tan for a vehicle that is being ridden normally.
Do not attempt to diagnose such problems
yourself.
Instead, take the vehicle to a Yamaha dealer.
You should periodically remove and inspect
the spark plug because heat and deposits will
cause the spark plug to slowly break down
and erode. If electrode erosion becomes excessive, or if carbon and other deposits are
excessive, you should replace the spark plug
with the specified plug.
Spark plug gap:
0.8–0.9 mm (0.031–0.035 in)
a. Spark plug gap
2. Clean the surface of the spark plug gasket and its mating surface, and then wipe
off any grime from the spark plug
threads.
Specified spark plug:
DPR8EA-9 (NGK)
8-21
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EVU00762
Cleaning the air filter elements
Cleaning the intake duct air filter element
1. Remove the air intake duct grill by removing the quick fastener screws.
3. Install the spark plug and tighten it to the
specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Spark plug:
17.5 Nm (1.75 m·kgf, 12.7 ft·lbf)
NOTE:
If a torque wrench is not available when you
are installing the spark plug, a good estimate
of the correct torque is 1/4 to 1/2 turn past finger tight. Have the spark plug tightened to the
specified torque as soon as possible.
_
_
4. Install the spark plug cap.
5. Lower the cargo bed.
1. Quick fastener screw (× 4)
2. Air intake duct grill
8-22
U5UG12.book Page 23 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
2. Remove the air filter element from the air
intake duct grill by pulling it out as shown.
1. Air filter element
1. Air filter element
5. Install the air filter element into the air intake duct grill.
6. Install the air intake duct grill by installing
the quick fastener screws.
2. Air intake duct grill
3. Remove any large particles from the air
filter element by hand.
4. Tap the air filter element to remove most
of the dust and dirt, and then blow the remaining dirt out with compressed air.
8-23
U5UG12.book Page 24 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Cleaning the engine air filter element
3. Remove the air filter case cover by unhooking the holders.
NOTE:
There is a check hose at the bottom of the air
filter case. If dust or water collects in this
hose, empty the hose and clean the air filter
element and air filter case.
_
_
1. Holder (× 4)
2. Air filter case cover
4. Remove the air filter element.
5. Remove the air filter element from its
frame.
1. Air filter case check hose
1. Remove the seats. (See page 4-20 for
seat removal and installation procedures.)
2. Remove the console. (See page 8-8 for
console removal and installation procedures.)
8-24
U5UG12.book Page 25 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
6. Wash the air filter element gently but
thoroughly in solvent.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Using low flash point solvents or gasoline to clean the air filter element.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Low flash point solvents or gasoline can
catch fire or explode.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Use parts cleaning solvent to clean the
air filter element.
1. Air filter element
7. Squeeze the excess solvent out of the air
filter element and let it dry.
CAUTION:
_
Do not twist the air filter element when
squeezing it.
_
1. Air filter frame
3. Element retaining plate
8. Inspect the air filter element and replace
it if damaged.
2. Air filter element
8-25
U5UG12.book Page 26 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
9. Thoroughly apply Yamaha foam air filter
oil or other quality liquid foam air filter oil
(not spray type) to the air filter element.
13. Install the console.
14. Install the seats.
NOTE:
The air filter element should be cleaned every
20–40 hours. It should be cleaned and lubricated more often if the vehicle is operated in
extremely dusty areas. Each time air filter element maintenance is performed, check the air
inlet to the air filter case for obstructions.
Check the air filter element rubber joint to the
carburetor and manifold fittings for an airtight
seal. Tighten all fittings securely to avoid the
possibility of unfiltered air entering the engine.
_
NOTE:
The air filter element should be wet but not
dripping.
_
_
10. Pull the air filter element over its frame.
11. Install the air filter element.
12. Install the air filter case cover and be sure
the crankcase breather hose is connected.
_
1. Crankcase breather hose
8-26
U5UG12.book Page 27 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00770
V-belt cooling duct check hose
The V-belt cooling duct check hose is located
under the driver seat. (See page 4-20 for seat
removal and installation procedures.)
If dust or water collects in the V-belt cooling
duct check hose, remove the hose and clean
it.
CAUTION:
_
Never operate the engine with the air filter
element removed. This will allow unfiltered
air to enter, causing rapid engine wear and
possible engine damage. Additionally, operation without the air filter element will affect carburetor jetting with subsequent
poor performance and possible engine
overheating.
1. V-belt cooling duct check hose
8-27
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EVU00780
V-belt case drain plug
The V-belt case drain plug is located under
the driver seat. (See page 4-20 for seat removal and installation procedures.)
After riding in water deep enough to allow water to enter the V-belt case, remove the drain
plug to drain any water from the case.
NOTE:
If water drains from the V-belt case after removing the drain plug, have a Yamaha dealer
inspect the vehicle as the water may affect
other engine parts.
_
1. V-belt case drain plug
_
8-28
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EVU00792
Cleaning the spark arrester
Be sure the exhaust pipe and muffler are cool
before cleaning the spark arrester.
1. Remove the bolts.
1. Tailpipe
2. Spark arrester
4. Insert the tailpipe into the muffler and
align the bolt holes.
5. Install the tailpipe by installing the bolts,
and then tighten the bolts to the specified
torque.
1. Bolt (× 3)
2. Remove the tailpipe by pulling it out of
the muffler.
3. Tap the tailpipe lightly, and then use a
wire brush to remove any carbon deposits from the spark arrester portion of the
tailpipe and inside of the tailpipe housing.
Tightening torque:
Tailpipe bolt:
9.5 N·m (0.95 m·kgf, 6.9 ft·lbf)
8-29
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EVU00800
Carburetor adjustment
The carburetor is a vital part of the engine and
requires very sophisticated adjustment. Most
adjusting should be left to a Yamaha dealer
who has the professional knowledge and experience to do so. However, the idling speed
may be performed by the owner as a part of
the usual maintenance routine.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper cleaning of the spark arrester.
Hot exhaust system
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could injure the eyes.
Could cause burns.
Could cause carbon monoxide poisoning, possibly leading to death.
Could start a fire.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
When cleaning the spark arrester:
Always let the exhaust system cool prior to touching exhaust components.
Do not start the engine when cleaning
the exhaust system.
CAUTION:
_
The carburetor was set at the Yamaha factory after many tests. If the settings are
disturbed by someone without sufficient
technical knowledge, poor engine performance and damage may result.
_
8-30
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EVU00810
Idle speed adjustment
NOTE:
A diagnostic tachometer must be used for this
procedure.
_
_
1. Start the engine and warm it up for a few
minutes at approximately 1,000 to
2,000 r/min. Occasionally rev the engine
to 4,000 to 5,000 r/min. The engine is
warm when it quickly responds to the
throttle.
2. Remove the seats. (See page 4-20 for
seat removal and installation procedures.)
3. Remove the console. (See page 8-8 for
console removal and installation procedures.)
4. Connect the tachometer to the spark plug
lead, and then set the idle to the specified
idling speed by adjusting the throttle stop
screw. Turn the screw in direction a to
increase the engine speed, and in direction b to decrease the engine speed.
1. Throttle stop screw
5. Install the console.
6. Install the seats.
EVU00820
Valve clearance adjustment
The correct valve clearance changes with
use, resulting in improper fuel/air supply or
engine noise. To prevent this, the valve clearance must be adjusted regularly. This adjustment however, should be left to a professional
Yamaha service technician.
Specified idle speed:
1,450–1,550 r/min
8-31
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EVU00830
Front brake pad check
Each brake pad is provided with wear indicator grooves, which allow you to check the
brake pad wear without having to disassemble the brake. To check the brake pad wear,
check the wear indicator grooves. If a brake
pad has worn to the point that the wear indicator grooves have almost disappeared, have a
Yamaha dealer replace the brake pads as a
set.
NOTE:
The wheels need to be removed to check the
brake pads. (See pages 8-40–8-41 for wheel
removal and installation procedures.)
_
_
1. Brake pad wear indicator groove
8-32
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EVU00840
EVU00850
Rear brake pad check
Each brake pad is provided with wear indicator grooves, which allow you to check the
brake pad wear without having to disassemble the brake. To check the brake pad wear,
check the wear indicator grooves. If a brake
pad has worn to the point that the wear indicator grooves have almost disappeared, have a
Yamaha dealer replace the brake pads as a
set.
Checking the brake fluid level
1. Minimum level mark
Insufficient brake fluid may let air enter the
brake system, possibly causing the brakes to
become ineffective.
Before riding, check that the brake fluid is
above the minimum level mark and replenish
if necessary. A low brake fluid level may indicate worn brake pads and/or brake system
leakage. If the brake fluid level is low, be sure
to check the brake pads for wear and the
brake system for leakage.
1. Brake pad wear indicator groove
8-33
U5UG12.book Page 34 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
The brake fluid reservoir is located under the
hood. (See pages 8-6–8-7 for hood opening
and closing procedures.)
Observe these precautions:
● When checking the fluid level, make sure
the top of the brake fluid reservoir is level.
● Use only the recommended quality brake
fluid. Otherwise, the rubber seals may deteriorate, causing leakage and poor braking
performance.
●
●
EVU00860
Brake fluid replacement
Complete fluid replacement should be done
only by trained Yamaha service personnel.
Have a Yamaha dealer replace the following
components during periodic maintenance or
when they are damaged or leaking.
● Replace the oil seals every two years.
● Replace the brake hoses every four years.
Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
●
●
Brake fluid may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts. Always clean up spilled
fluid immediately.
Have a Yamaha dealer inspect the brake
system if the brake fluid level goes down.
Refill with the same type of brake fluid. Mixing fluids may result in a harmful chemical
reaction and lead to poor braking performance.
Be careful that water does not enter the
brake fluid reservoir when refilling. Water
will significantly lower the boiling point of
the fluid and may result in vapor lock.
8-34
U5UG12.book Page 35 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01220
Checking the brake pedal
Have a Yamaha dealer check the brakes at
the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. There should be
no free play in the brake pedal. The brakes
should operate smoothly and there should be
no brake drag. If the brakes feel soft or
spongy, this could indicate air in the brake
system. Have a Yamaha dealer check the
brake system if necessary.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating with improperly serviced or
adjusted brakes.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could lose braking ability, which
could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
After servicing:
● Make sure the brakes operate
smoothly and that the brake pedal
position is correct.
● Make sure the brakes do not drag.
● All air must be bled from the brake
system.
Replacement of brake components requires professional knowledge. These
procedures should be performed by a
Yamaha dealer.
1. Brake pedal
8-35
U5UG12.book Page 36 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00870
Parking brake lever free play adjustment
Periodically check the parking brake lever free
play and adjust it if necessary.
1. Shift the drive select lever into low gear
“L”.
2. Remove the seats. (See page 4-20 for
seat removal and installation procedures.)
3. Remove the console. (See page 8-8 for
console removal and installation procedures.)
4. Check the parking brake lever free play.
The maximum free play is equal to one
click of the parking brake lever. If necessary, adjust the free play as follows.
a. Parking brake lever free play
NOTE:
The parking brake lever must be released
when checking and adjusting the parking
brake lever free play.
_
_
5. Loosen the locknut.
8-36
U5UG12.book Page 37 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00880
1. Locknut
Brake light switch adjustment
The brake light switch, which is activated by
the brake pedal, is properly adjusted when the
brake light comes on just before braking takes
effect. If necessary, adjust the brake light
switch as follows.
1. Open the hood. (See pages 8-6–8-7 for
hood opening and closing procedures.)
2. Turn the adjusting nut while holding the
brake light switch in place. To make the
brake light come on earlier, turn the adjusting nut in direction a. To make the
brake light come on later, turn the adjusting nut in direction b.
2. Adjusting nut
6. Turn the adjusting nut in direction a to
increase the free play or in direction b to
decrease the free play.
7. Tighten the locknut.
8. Install the console.
9. Install the seats.
8-37
U5UG12.book Page 38 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00890
Cable inspection and lubrication
WARNING
1. Brake light switch
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Damaged control cables.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Corrosion can result when the outer
covering of control cables becomes
damaged. Cables can also become
frayed or kinked. Operation of controls
could be restricted, which could cause
an accident or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Inspect cables frequently. Replace damaged cables.
2. Adjusting nut
3. Close the hood.
Lubricate the inner cables and the cable ends.
If the cables do not operate smoothly, ask a
Yamaha dealer to replace them.
Recommended lubricant:
Yamaha chain and cable lube or SAE
10W30 motor oil
8-38
U5UG12.book Page 39 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00900
EVU00910
Brake pedal and accelerator pedal
lubrication
Lubricate the pivoting parts.
Rear knuckle upper and lower pivot
lubrication
Lubricate the knuckle upper and lower pivots
with a grease gun.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease)
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
8-39
U5UG12.book Page 40 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00920
EVU00930
Steering shaft lubrication
Lubricate the pivot points.
Wheel removal
1. Loosen the wheel nuts.
2. Elevate the vehicle and place a suitable
stand under the frame.
3. Remove the nuts from the wheel.
4. Remove the wheel.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
(all purpose grease)
1. Nut (× 4)
8-40
U5UG12.book Page 41 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00940
Wheel installation
1. Install the wheel and the nuts.
NOTE:
● The arrow mark
on the tire must point
toward the rotating direction of the wheel.
● Tapered nuts are used for both the front
and rear wheels. Install the nut with its tapered side towards the wheel.
_
_
1. Tapered nut
2. Lower the vehicle so that the wheel is on
the ground.
3. Tighten the wheel nuts to the specified
torque.
Wheel nut torque:
Front: 55 Nm (5.5 m·kgf, 40 ft·lbf)
Rear: 55 Nm (5.5 m·kgf, 40 ft·lbf)
1. Arrow mark
8-41
U5UG12.book Page 42 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00950
Battery
This vehicle is equipped with a sealed-type
battery. Therefore it is not necessary to check
the electrolyte or add distilled water in the battery. If the battery seems to have discharged,
consult a Yamaha dealer.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Always shield eyes when working
near batteries. Keep out of reach of children.
Antidote:
EXTERNAL: Flush with water.
INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk. Follow with milk of magnesia, beaten egg or vegetable oil. Get
prompt medical attention.
EYES: Flush with water for 15 minutes
and get prompt medical attention. Keep
batteries away from sparks, flames, cigarettes or other sources of ignition. Ventilate when charging or using in a closed
space.
CAUTION:
_
Do not try to remove the sealing caps of
the battery cells. You may damage the battery.
_
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to handle batteries or battery
electrolyte carefully.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be poisoned. You could be
severely burned by the sulfuric acid in
battery electrolyte. Batteries produce
explosive gases.
8-42
U5UG12.book Page 43 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00960
Battery maintenance
1. When the vehicle is not used for a month
or longer, remove the battery and store it
in a cool, dark place. Completely recharge the battery before reinstallation.
CAUTION:
_
A special battery charger (constant voltage/ampere or constant voltage) is required for recharging a sealed-type
battery. Using a conventional battery
charger may shorten the battery life.
1. Negative battery lead
_
2. Always make sure the connections are
correct when putting the battery back in
the vehicle.
8-43
2. Positive battery lead
U5UG12.book Page 44 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00970
Fuse replacement
The main fuse and the fuse box are located
under the hood. (See pages 8-6–8-7 for hood
opening and closing procedures.)
If a fuse is blown, turn off the main switch and
install a new fuse of the specified amperage.
If a fuse is blown, replace it as follows.
1. Remove the battery compartment cover
by lifting it up and pulling it out.
CAUTION:
_
To prevent accidental short-circuiting,
turn off the main switch when checking or
replacing a fuse.
_
3. Remove the blown fuse, and then install
a new fuse of the specified amperage.
1.
3.
5.
7.
8.
9.
1. Battery compartment cover
2. Turn the key to “OFF” and turn off the
electrical circuit in question.
8-44
Main fuse
2. Spare main fuse
Headlight fuse
4. Ignition fuse
Auxiliary DC jack fuse
6. Four-wheel-drive fuse
Signaling system fuse
Backup fuse (for optional odometer and clock)
Carburetor warmer fuse
10. Spare fuse (× 3)
U5UG12.book Page 45 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Specified fuses:
Main fuse:
Headlight fuse:
Ignition fuse:
Auxiliary DC jack fuse:
Signaling system fuse:
Carburetor warmer fuse:
Four-wheel-drive fuse:
Backup fuse:
WARNING
30.0 A
15.0 A
10.0 A
10.0 A
10.0 A
10.0 A
3.0 A
10.0 A
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Using an improper fuse
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
An improper fuse can cause damage to
the electrical system, which could lead
to a fire.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always use a fuse of the specified rating. Never use a material in place of the
proper fuse.
4. Turn the key to “ON” and turn on the
electrical circuit in question to check if the
device operates.
5. If the fuse immediately blows again, have
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
system.
6. Install the battery compartment cover.
7. Close the hood.
8-45
U5UG12.book Page 46 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00981
Replacing a headlight bulb
If a headlight bulb burns out, replace it as follows.
1. Lift the hood up. (See pages 8-6–8-7 for
hood opening and closing procedures.)
2. Remove the bulb holder cover at the rear
of the headlight by pulling it off.
3. Disconnect the headlight coupler by lifting the tab as shown and pulling out the
coupler.
1. Headlight coupler
1. Headlight bulb holder cover
8-46
U5UG12.book Page 47 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
4. Remove the headlight bulb holder assembly by turning it counterclockwise.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
A headlight bulb is hot when it is on and
immediately after it is turned off.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You can be burned, or a fire could start
if the bulb touches something flammable.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Wait for the bulb to cool before touching
or removing it.
1. Headlight bulb holder assembly
5. Install a new headlight bulb holder assembly by inserting it and turning it clockwise.
NOTE:
The headlight bulb cannot be removed from
the headlight bulb holder. To replace the
headlight bulb, replace the headlight bulb
holder assembly.
_
_
8-47
U5UG12.book Page 48 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
6. Connect the headlight coupler.
7. Install the headlight bulb holder cover at
the rear of the headlight.
8. Close the hood.
1. Do not touch the glass part of the bulb.
CAUTION:
_
Do not touch the glass part of the headlight bulb to keep it free from oil, otherwise
the transparency of the glass, the luminosity of the bulb, and the bulb life will be adversely affected. Thoroughly clean off any
dirt and fingerprints on the headlight bulb
using a cloth moistened with alcohol or
thinner.
_
8-48
U5UG12.book Page 49 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU00990
Headlight beam adjustment
CAUTION:
_
It is advisable to have a Yamaha dealer
make this adjustment.
_
To raise the beam, turn the adjusting screw in
direction a.
To lower the beam, turn the adjusting screw in
direction b.
1. Headlight beam adjusting screw
8-49
U5UG12.book Page 50 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01000
Tail/brake light bulb replacement
If a tail/brake light bulb burns out, replace it as
follows:
1. Remove panel A (if replacing the left tail/
brake bulb) or panel B (if replacing the
right tail/brake bulb) by removing the
quick fasteners and bolts.
1. Panel B
1. Panel A
1. Quick fastener (× 8)
3. Panel A
8-50
2. Bolt (× 2)
U5UG12.book Page 51 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
2. Remove the bulb holder (together with
the bulb) by turning it counterclockwise.
Tightening torque:
Panel bolt:
6.5 N·m (0.65 m·kgf, 4.7 ft·lbf)
1. Tail/brake light bulb holder
3. Push the defective bulb in and turn it
counterclockwise to remove it from the
bulb holder.
4. Push a new bulb in and turn it clockwise
to install in the bulb holder.
5. Install the bulb holder (together with the
bulb) by turning it clockwise.
6. Install the panel by installing the quick
fasteners and bolts, and then tighten the
bolts to the specified torque.
8-51
U5UG12.book Page 52 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01010
Troubleshooting
Although Yamaha vehicles receive a rigid inspection before shipment from the factory,
trouble may occur during operation. Any problem in the fuel, compression, or ignition systems can cause poor starting and loss of
power. The troubleshooting chart describes a
quick, easy procedure for making checks. If
your vehicle requires any repair, take it to a
Yamaha dealer.
The skilled technicians at a Yamaha dealership have the tools, experience, and knowhow to properly service your vehicle. Use only
genuine Yamaha parts on your vehicle. Imitation parts may look like Yamaha parts, but
they are often inferior. Consequently, they
have a shorter service life and can lead to expensive repair bills.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Checking the fuel system while smoking or near an open flame.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Fuel can ignite or explode, causing severe injury or property damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not smoke when checking the fuel
system. Make sure there are no open
flames or sparks in the area, including
pilot lights from water heaters or furnaces.
8-52
U5UG12.book Page 53 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01020
Troubleshooting charts
Starting problems or poor engine performance
1. Fuel
There is fuel.
Remove the fuel hose
from the fuel pump.
No fuel.
Supply fuel.
Check the
fuel flow.
No fuel.
Fuel pump is
clogged.
Check if there is fuel
in the fuel tank.
2. Compression
Use the electric
starter to see if
there is compression.
3. Ignition
There is compression.
Compression normal.
No compression.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to
inspect.
Wet
Wipe clean with dry cloth.
Spark is good.
Remove the
spark plug and
check the electrodes.
Dry
4. Battery
Ask a Yamaha dealer to
inspect.
Restart the engine.
Attach spark plug cap and
ground to chassis.
Use the
electric starter.
Spark is weak.
No spark.
Engine turns over
quickly.
Battery is good.
Engine turns over
slowly.
Check the connections,
recharge.
Ignition system is
normal.
Adjust the spark plug gap
or replace the spark plug.
Use the electric starter.
8-53
Ask a Yamaha dealer to
inspect.
U5UG12.book Page 54 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Engine overheating
WARNING
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Wait for the engine to cool before removing the radiator cap. Always use a
thick rag over the cap. Allow any remaining pressure to escape before
completely removing the cap.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Removing the radiator cap when the engine and radiator are still hot.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be burned by hot fluid and
steam blown out under pressure.
Leakage.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect
and repair the cooling system.
No
leakage.
Add coolant. (See NOTE.)
Level is low, check the
cooling system for leakage.
Wait until the
engine has cooled.
Check the coolant level in the
coolant reserver and/or radiator.
Level is OK.
Restart the engine. If the engine overheats again, ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect and/or repair the cooling system.
NOTE:
If it is difficult to get the recommended coolant, tap water can be temporarily used, provided that
it is changed to the recommended coolant as soon as possible.
_
_
8-54
U5UG12.book Page 1 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01030
CLEANING AND STORAGE
CAUTION:
1-
_
Excessive water pressure may cause water seepage and deterioration of wheel
bearings, brakes, transmission seals and
electrical devices. Many expensive repair
bills have resulted from improper high
pressure detergent applications such as
those available in coin-operated car washers.
A. CLEANING
Frequent, thorough cleaning of your vehicle
will not only enhance its appearance but will
improve its general performance and extend
the useful life of many components.
1. Before cleaning the vehicle:
a. Block off the end of the exhaust pipe to
prevent water entry. A plastic bag and
strong rubber band may be used.
b. Make sure the spark plug and all filler
caps are properly installed.
2. If the engine case is excessively greasy,
apply degreaser with a paint brush. Do
not apply degreaser to the wheel axles.
3. Rinse the dirt and degreaser off with a
garden hose. Use only enough pressure
to do the job.
_
4. Once the majority of the dirt has been
hosed off, wash all surfaces with warm
water and mild, detergent-type soap. An
old toothbrush or bottle brush is handy for
hard-to-get-at places.
5. Rinse the vehicle off immediately with
clean water and dry all surfaces with a
chamois, clean towel or soft absorbent
cloth.
9-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
U5UG12.book Page 2 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
6. Clean the seats with a vinyl upholstery
cleaner to keep the cover pliable and
glossy.
7. Automotive type wax may be applied to
all painted and chrome plated surfaces.
Avoid combination cleaner-waxes. Many
contain abrasives which may scratch the
paint or protective finish. When finished,
start the engine and let it idle for several
minutes.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operation with wet brakes after washing.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Wet brakes may have reduced stopping
ability, increasing the chance of an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Test the brakes after washing. Apply the
brakes several times at slow speeds to
let friction dry out the linings.
9-2
U5UG12.book Page 3 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01040
B. STORAGE
Long term storage (60 days or more) of your
vehicle will require some preventive procedures to guard against deterioration. After
thoroughly cleaning the vehicle, prepare for
storage as follows:
1. Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel and add
the specified amount of Yamaha Fuel
Stabilizer and Conditioner or equivalent
product. Operate the vehicle for at least 5
minutes to distribute treated fuel through
the fuel system.
2. Drain the fuel from the carburetor float
chamber into a clean container by loosening the drain bolt; this will help prevent
fuel deposits from building up. Pour the
drained fuel into the fuel tank.
NOTE:
Use of fuel stabilizer and conditioner eliminates the need to drain the fuel system. Consult a Yamaha dealer if the fuel system needs
to be drained instead.
_
_
3. Remove the spark plug, pour about one
tablespoon of SAE 10W30 or 20W40
motor oil in the spark plug hole and reinstall the spark plug. Ground the spark
plug wire and turn the engine over several times to coat the cylinder wall with oil.
4. Lubricate all control cables.
5. Block up the frame to raise all wheels off
the ground.
6. Tie a plastic bag over the exhaust pipe
outlet to prevent moisture from entering.
7. If storing in a humid or salt-air atmosphere, coat all exposed metal surfaces
with a light film of oil. Do not apply oil to
any rubber parts or the seat covers.
Specified amount:
1 oz of stabilizer to each gallon of fuel (or
7.5 cc of stabilizer to each liter of fuel)
9-3
U5UG12.book Page 4 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
8. Remove the battery and charge it. Store
it in a dry place and recharge it once a
month. Do not store the battery in an excessively warm or cold place (less than
0 °C (30 °F) or more than 30 °C (90 °F)).
NOTE:
Make any necessary repairs before storing
the vehicle.
_
_
9-4
U5UG12.book Page 1 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01050
SPECIFICATIONS
1-
1
Model
YXR66FAV
2
3
Dimensions:
Overall length
Overall width
Overall height
Seat height
Wheelbase
Ground clearance
Minimum turning radius
Basic weight:
With oil and full fuel tank
Engine:
Engine type
Cylinder arrangement
Displacement
Bore × stroke
Compression ratio
Starting system
Lubrication system
2,885 mm (113.6 in)
1,385 mm (54.5 in)
1,853 mm (73.0 in)
818 mm (32.2 in)
1,910 mm (75.2 in)
280 mm (11.02 in)
3,900 mm (153.5 in)
506.0 kg (1,116 lb)
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Liquid cooled 4-stroke, SOHC
Forward-inclined single cylinder
660.0 cm3
100.0 × 84.0 mm (3.94 × 3.31 in)
9.10 :1
Electric starter
Wet sump
10-1
11
12
13
14
U5UG12.book Page 2 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Model
YXR66FAV
Engine oil:
Type
0°
10°
30°
50°
70°
90°
110° 130°F
YAMALUBE 4 (20W40) or SAE 20W40
YAMALUBE 4 (10W30) or SAE 10W30
SAE 5W30
-20°
Recommended engine oil classification
-10°
0°
10°
20°
30°
40°
50°C
API Service SE, SF, SG type or higher
CAUTION:
In order to prevent clutch slippage (since the engine oil also lubricates the clutch), do not mix any
chemical additives. Do not use oils with a diesel
specification of “CD” or oils of a higher quality
than specified. In addition, do not use oils labeled
“ENERGY CONSERVING II” or higher.
Quantity:
Without oil filter cartridge replacement
With oil filter cartridge replacement
1.90 L (1.67 Imp qt, 2.01 US qt)
2.00 L (1.76 Imp qt, 2.11 US qt)
10-2
U5UG12.book Page 3 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Model
YXR66FAV
Final gear case oil:
Type
Quantity:
Differential gear case oil:
Type
Quantity:
Radiator capacity (including all routes):
Air filter:
Engine
Intake duct
Fuel:
Type
Fuel tank capacity
Carburetor:
Type/quantity
Manufacturer
Spark plug:
Type/manufacturer
Spark plug gap
Clutch type:
SAE80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
0.25 L (0.22 Imp qt, 0.26 US qt)
SAE80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
0.32 L (0.28 Imp qt, 0.34 US qt)
2.50 L (2.20 Imp qt, 2.64 US qt)
Wet element
Dry element
UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY
30.0 L (6.60 lmp gal, 7.93 US gal)
BSR42/1
MIKUNI
DPR8EA-9/NGK
0.8–0.9 mm (0.031–0.035 in)
Wet, centrifugal automatic
10-3
U5UG12.book Page 4 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Model
Transmission:
Primary reduction system
Secondary reduction system
Secondary reduction ratio
Transmission type
Operation
Reverse gear
Sub transmission ratio
Chassis:
Frame type
Caster angle
Trail
Tire:
Type
Size
YXR66FAV
V-belt
Shaft drive
41/21 × 24/18 × 33/9 (9.544)
V-belt automatic
Right hand operation
25/17 (1.471)
35/17 (2.058)
28/19 (1.473)
low
high
Steel tube frame
5.0°
26.0 mm (1.02 in)
Tubeless
25 × 8-12NHS
25 × 10-12NHS
front
rear
10-4
U5UG12.book Page 5 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Model
Brakes:
System
Type
YXR66FAV
Front and rear unified
Dual disc brake
Single disc brake
Foot operation
front
rear
Operation
Suspension:
Front suspension
Rear suspension
Shock absorber:
Front shock absorber
Rear shock absorber
Wheel travel:
Front wheel travel
Rear wheel travel
Electrical:
Ignition system
Generator system
Battery type
Battery capacity
Headlight type:
Double wishbone
Double wishbone
Coil spring/oil damper
Coil spring/oil damper
185.0 mm (7.28 in)
185.0 mm (7.28 in)
DC CDI
AC magneto
U1L-11
12 V 28.0 Ah
Halogen bulb
10-5
U5UG12.book Page 6 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Model
YXR66FAV
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity:
Headlight
Tail/brake light
Indicator lights:
Neutral indicator light
12 V 30 W/30.0 W × 2
12 V 5 W/21.0 W × 2
Reverse indicator light
Coolant temperature warning light
Parking brake indicator light
Four-wheel-drive indicator light
Differential gear lock indicator light
High-range indicator light (special edition models)
Low-range indicator light (special edition models)
10-6
12 V 1.7 W × 1
LED (special edition models)
12 V 1.7 W × 1
LED (special edition models)
12 V 1.7 W × 1
LED (special edition models)
12 V 1.7 W × 1
LED (special edition models)
12 V 1.7 W × 1
LCD (special edition models)
12 V 1.7 W × 1
LED (special edition models)
LED
LED
U5UG12.book Page 7 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
Model
YXR66FAV
Specified fuses:
Main fuse
Headlight fuse
Ignition fuse
Auxiliary DC jack fuse
Four-wheel-drive fuse
Carburetor warmer fuse
Signaling system fuse
Backup fuse
30.0 A
15.0 A
10.0 A
10.0 A
3.0 A
10.0 A
10.0 A
10.0 A
10-7
U5UG12.book Page 1 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01060
1-
NOISE REGULATION
TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED:
Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior
to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or (2) the use of the vehicle after
such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
“AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS LISTED
BELOW.”
These acts include tampering with the following systems; i.e., modification, removal, etc.
Exhaust system
Muffler
Exhaust pipe
Silencer
Intake system
Air cleaner case
Air cleaner element
Intake duct
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U5UG12.book Page 1 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01070
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MAINTENANCE RECORD
Copies of work orders and/or receipts for parts you purchase and install will be required to document maintenance done in accordance with the warranty. The chart below is printed only as a reminder to you that the maintenance work is required. It is not acceptable proof of maintenance
work.
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MAINTENANCE
INTERVAL
DATE OF
SERVICE
MILEAGE
SERVICING DEALER
NAME AND ADDRESS
REMARKS
6
month
km (mi)
hours
1
320 (200)
20
7
8
3
1,200 (750)
75
6
2,400 (1,500)
150
12
4,800 (3,000)
300
9
18
7,200 (4,500)
450
10
24
9,600 (6,000)
600
30
12,000 (7,500)
750
36
14,400 (9,000)
900
42
16,800 (10,500) 1,050
48
19,200 (12,000) 1,200
54
21,600 (13,500) 1,350
60
24,000 (15,000) 1,500
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12
13
14
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U5UG12.book Page 1 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01081
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A.
SIDE × SIDE VEHICLE LIMITED WARRANTY
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. hereby warrants
that new Yamaha Side × Side vehicles purchased
from an authorized Yamaha Side × Side Vehicle
dealer in the continental United States will be free
from defects in material and workmanship for the
period of time stated herein, subject to certain stated
limitations.
THE PERIOD OF WARRANTY for YXR OR YXP
Yamaha Side × Side vehicles shall be six (6) months
from the date of purchase, with no mileage limitation.
MODELS EXCLUDED FROM WARRANTY include
those used for non-Yamaha-authorized renting,
leasing, or other commercial purposes.
DURING THE PERIOD OF WARRANTY any
authorized Yamaha Side × Side Vehicle dealer will
free of charge, repair or replace, at Yamaha’s option,
any part adjudged defective by Yamaha due to faulty
workmanship or material from the factory. Parts used
in warranty repairs will be warranted for the balance
of the product’s warranty period. All parts replaced
under warranty become property of Yamaha Motor
Corporation, U.S.A.
GENERAL EXCLUSIONS from this warranty shall
include any failures caused by:
a. Competition or racing use.
b. Installation of parts or accessories that are not
qualitatively equivalent to genuine Yamaha parts.
c. Abnormal strain, neglect, or abuse.
d. Lack of proper maintenance.
e. Accident or collision damage.
f. Modification to original parts.
g. Damage due to improper transportation.
SPECIFIC EXCLUSIONS from this warranty shall
include parts replaced due to normal wear or routine
maintenance; such as spark plugs, oil, oil filter, air
filter, and brake shoes.
THE CUSTOMER’S RESPONSIBILITY under this
warranty shall be to:
1. Operate and maintain the Side-by-Side vehicle as
specified in the appropriate Owner’s Manual, and
2. Give notice to an authorized Yamaha Side × Side
Vehicle dealer of any and all apparent defects
within ten (10) days after discovery, and make the
machine available at that time for inspection and
repairs at such dealer’s place of business.
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. MAKES
NO OTHER WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESSED
OR IMPLIED. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE WHICH EXCEED THE
OBLIGATIONS AND TIME LIMITS STATED IN THIS
WARRANTY ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED BY
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. AND
EXCLUDED FROM THIS WARRANTY.
WARRANTY TRANSFER: To transfer the warranty
from the original purchaser to any subsequent
purchaser(s), it is imperative that the Side-by-Side
vehicle be inspected and registered for warranty by
an authorized Yamaha Side-by-Side Vehicle dealer. In
order for this warranty to remain in effect, this
inspection and registration must take place within ten
(10) days after transfer of ownership to the
subsequent purchaser. A reasonable dealer imposed
fee may be charged for this inspection.
SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON
HOW LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS, SO
THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
ALSO EXCLUDED FROM THIS WARRANTY ARE
ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
INCLUDING LOSS OF USE. SOME STATES DO
NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO
THE ABOVE EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL
RIGHTS, AND YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER
RIGHTS WHICH VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY
Yamaha Motor Corporation, USA also warrants to the
ultimate purchaser and each subsequent purchaser
of each 2006 and later model Yamaha Side × Side
covered by this warranty that the vehicle is designed,
built, and equipped so as to conform at the time of
sale with all U. S. emissions standards applicable at
the time of manufacture and that it is free from
defects in materials and workmanship which would
cause it not to meet these standards within the period
listed immediately below. Failures other than those
resulting from defects in material or workmanship
which arise solely as a result of owner abuse and/or
lack of proper maintenance are not covered by this
warranty.
All Models
Thirty (30) months from the original purchase date
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U5UG12.book Page 1 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
EVU01090
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.)
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U5UG12.book Page 2 Thursday, June 23, 2005 9:02 AM
14-2
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
PRINTED IN USA
2005.07-4.8×1 CR
(E)
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